OF THE MINISTER
OF THE MINISTER
OF NATURAL RESOURCES
OF THE PROVINCE
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR
ENDING MARCH 31, 1973
TO HIS HONOUR,
of the Province of Ontario.
MAY IT PLEASE YOUR HONOUR
The undersigned begs respectfully to present to your Honour, the Annual
Report of the Ministry of Natural Resources for the fiscal year beginning
April 1, 1972, and ending March 31, 1973.
The Ministry of Natural Resources was established within
the Resources Development policy field in the new organi-
zation of government which became effective on April 1,
In terms of the previous organization, the new Ministry
is composed principally of the Department of Lands and
Forests, the Department of Mines and Northern Affairs,
Conservation Authorities Branch from the Department of
the Environment, and Historic Sites Branch from the
Department of Tourism and Information.
Five ministerial agencies, Niagara Parks Commission, St.
Lawrence Parks Commission, St. Clair Parkway Commission,
the Mining Commissioner, and Ontario Energy Board, have
been designated to report to the Minister of Natural
In its first year, the Ministry made significant advances
in decentralization to improve its service to the public.
The new organization is indicated below and on Page 14
under "Disposition of Senior Administration Staff , March 31,
This is the first Annual Report of the Minister of
Natural Resources. Related detail of interest is reported in
The Mining R eview 1972 and Statistics, 1973.
RESOURCES AND RECREATION
DIVISION OF FORESTS
Forest Research Branch 4
Forest Management Branch 4
Timber Sales Branch 5
DIVISION OF MINES
Geological Branch 7
Mines Engineering Branch 7
Mineral Research Branch 7
DIVISION OF FISH AND WILDLIFE
Commercial Fish and Fur Branch 8
Sport Fisheries Branch 9
Wildlife Branch 9
Fish and Wildlife Research Branch 10
DIVISION OF PARKS
Park Planning Branch 10
Park Management Branch 11
Historic Sites Branch 11
FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION DIVISION
Financial Management Branch 12
Northern Affairs Branch 20
Legal Service Branch 20
Administrative Services Branch 20
Personnel Branch 21
Information Branch 23
POLICY RESEARCH BRANCH 23
LANDS AND WATERS
DIVISION OF LANDS
Lands Administration Branch 24
Land Use Co-ordination Branch 24
Surveys and Mapping Branch 25
FIELD SERVICES DIVISION
Forest Fire Control Branch 25
Air Service Branch 25
Engineering Services Branch 25
CONSERVATION AUTHORITIES BRANCH 26
THE MINING COMMISSIONER 26
ONTARIO ENERGY BOARD 26
DIVISION OF FORESTS
FOREST RESEARCH BRANCH
The Branch provides scientific and technical knowledge
through research for the management of forest resources in
Ontario. In the year under review, the highlight was the
development of a number of fast-growing poplar clones
which are suitable for pulping. (A clone is a group of plants
which have originated by vegetative propagation from a
single individual.) Industry, particularly in southeastern
Ontario, is interested in this development.
FOREST MANAGEMENT BRANCH
The objective of the Branch is to produce optimum, con-
tinuous industrial, social and environmental benefits from
public forests and to encourage and assist similar production
on private forests in Ontario.
Inventory, June 1, 1972 3,067,000,000 viable seeds
Distributed, 1972-3 608,000,000 viable seeds
Collected, 1972 5,864 hectolitres
Plus trees, collected 5,940 scions
planted 2,015 grafted trees
Seed production areas 490.5 acres
Seed orchards 137.5 acres
Distribution, conifers 66,101,829
Production targets seeded 76,752,000
The Woodlands No. of
Improvement Act Agreements Acres
1972-3 497 23,581
Total to March 31, 1973 2,635 149,082
Management programs prepared. . . 482 18,146
Number of Trees Planted 8,751,400
AGREEMENT FORESTS, 1972-3
Agreements With Added Released Total
Government of Canada . . - 100.00 3,532.00
Conservation Authorities .2,094.78 103.10 91,018.97
Counties 2,950.80 82.74 145,146.03
Townships - 3,229.24
Regional Municipalities . . 1 ,450.00 7,435.08
Totals 6,495.58 285.84 250,361.32
1. Total number of enquiries 22,613
2. Number of field inspections made . . 4,865
3. No. of management programs prepared 485
4. Areas, management plans prepared . . 10,652 acres
5. Trees planted 3,191,555
6. Timber marked — Sawtimber 1,325,164 cu. ft.
— Pulpwood 5,818 cords
7. Activities with youth groups 371 groups
8. Public education activities 1,256 items
9. Days spent on forestry instruction
at schools, colleges, universities 250 days
A prototype model of a new planting machine, designed for
use in Boreal Forest Regions of the Province, was tested in
Ontario during the summer and fall. By special arrangement
with Weyerhaeuser Company, the machine was tested in
four States during February and March. The tests have been
encouraging, and plans are being made to manufacture the
planter in Ontario under licence to the Minister.
A proto-type multi-row nursery stock harvester was
completed and successfully tested at Kemptville nursery.
Three planting machines and a scarification plow were
tested and evaluated under the joint Federal-Provincial
equipment testing program during the summer.
The most destructive of all the forest insects and diseases
in 1972 was the spruce budworm, which infested balsam
and white spruce trees on a gross forested area of almost
20 million acres. Most of this acreage was in the north-
central, north-eastern, and south-eastern portions of the
province. After a careful assessment of values to be pro-
tected, spraying operations to control the insect were con-
fined to approximately 47,000 acres of Crown land. The
insecticide used was Zectran, at a rate of 1 .2 ounces of active
material per acre.
Other pest problems requiring control treatments were
the white pine weevil, several species of sawflies of pines
and spruce, white grubs, the blister rust of white pine,
the annosus root rot, and mice. A total of 15,000 acres
were treated to control these problems.
REGENERATION AND TENDING, 1972-3
(Areas in Acres)
Modified harvest cut
(included with herbicide
TOTAL AREA TREATED
Site preparation for
seeding, planting or
modified harvest cutting
TIMBER SALES BRANCH
Scaling determines the volume of wood cut on Crown land
and Agreement Forests. It is the basis for revenue and
statistics related to primary wood-using industries. New
measurement techniques are being continuously developed.
The most promising at the moment is weight scaling.
These provide the broad framework within which forest
operations are carried out. More detailed operating plans
(for shorter time periods) identify the stands to be cut,
regenerated and tended, and the roads and other improve-
Areas under Crown Timber Square
Licence, Mar. 31, 1973 Miles
Under Sect. 2 C.T. A 275.0
Under Sect. 3 C.T .A 92,868.5
Under Sect. 5 C.T .A 100.1
STATUS OF PLANS
Areas in square miles
Initial plans in force
Under prep or revision
Not under plans
86100,757 57 89,985 60 381
A total of 89.5 miles of new roads was built, and 29.8 miles
of existing roads were improved during the fiscal year. Of
these totals, logging access roads (for which costs are re-
covered over a five-year period through increased stumpage)
amounted to 24.5 and 2.0 miles respectively. The remainder
are forest access roads built for a variety of uses.
FOREST RESOURCES INVENTORY
New aerial photography covered 35,730 square miles in
northeastern and southwestern Ontario during the fiscal
year. Forest stand maps and inventory tabulations were
completed for 7,100 miles.
VOLUME AND VALUE OF WOOD CUT FROM CROWN
Volume Volume in Dollars
in Cash Ministry
Sq. Ft. Receipts Work
Contact Prints .141,080
Enlargements . 5,755 $79,280 $53,497 $132,777 1970
Diapositives ... 697 67,342 36,082 103,424 1971
Copy Negatives 1,046 77,528 28,280 105,808 1972
Repro-positives 17,402 83,301 89,294 172,595 1973
Ontario No. Quantity No. Quantity
1972 Mills b.d.t. Mills b.d.t
Ontario 94 1,073,268 14 903,273
Quebec - 6 106,564
U.S.A 4 63,431
Ontario Softwood- 828 .0 millions of foot-board measure
1 972 Hardwood - 231.1 millions of foot-board measure
Total —1,059.1 millions of foot-board measure
Species Cubic Feet
White Pine 16,182,644.26
Red Pine 4,230,671 .60
Jack Pine 138,382,543.18
Spruce (all) 216,274,005.96
Cedar (all) 299,251.98
Conifers (all) 136,398.33
Total Softwoods 390,982,771.27
Maple (all) 6,739,667.56
Yellow Birch. 5,191,681.58
White Birch 2,501,177.11
Oak (all) 302,736.93
Ash (all) 44,519.92
Black Cherry 31 ,509.38
Poplar (all) 28,036,45 1 .37
Hardwoods (all) 9,278,341 .97
Total Hardwoods 52,858,248.60
Total Wood Cut 443,841 ,019.87
VOLUME AND VALUE OF WOOD
CUT FROM AGREEMENT FORESTS, 1972-3
Sawlogs (cu. ft.) 205,593.52 $ 44,492.97
* Poles, posts, etc. (cu. ft.) 41,093.56 7,245.28
Fuelwood (cords) 718.19 5 ,49 1 .99
Pulpwood (cords) 11,184.99 54,862.15
Total, All Products 1,258,457.38 119,094.58
DIVISION OF MINES
The Branch is responsible for the study of the geology and
mineral deposits in Ontario. Its most important function
is to give assistance to those engaged in the discovery and
development of mineral wealth and to provide information
for the planning of resource utilization for optimum benefit.
A Mineral Exploration Assistance Program now includes
the areas of Cobalt-Gowganda, Geraldton-Beardmore,
Kirkland Lake and Red Lake. Here the Government will
repay an individual or company for one-third of the cost
of approved expenditures up to $100,000. During the fiscal
year, reimbursements under this plan amounted to
MINES ENGINEERING BRANCH
The function of the Branch is primarily to ensure com-
pliance with the requirements of The Mining Act. It was
also responsible in 1972 for the administration and enforce-
ment of The Pits and Quarries Control Act which regulates
the siting, development and rehabilitation of pits and
quarries in designated areas. By March 31, 1973, seventy
geographic townships in southern Ontario had been
The Industrial Minerals Section and the Petroleum
Resources Section were transferred to the newly created
Mineral Resources Branch in 1973.
GEOSCIENCE FIELD WORK
During the summer of 1972, the Branch had 29 geological
surveys, three geophysical survey parties, and two
geochemical surveys in the field; 37 projects were under-
taken by 160 persons.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEYS SECTION
Twenty-two detailed geological mapping projects were dis-
tributed throughout the Canadian Shield in northern
Ontario. Helicopter-supported reconnaissance covered
15,800 square miles in the District of Kenora (Patricia
INDUSTRIAL MINERALS SECTION
During 1972, eight field studies were in progress. Quaternary
geology surveys were carried out in four areas. The inventory
of sand and gravel deposits in southern Ontario was
RESIDENT GEOLOGISTS SECTION
Resident geologists were located at eight offices in Kenora,
Red Lake, Thunder Bay, Sault S te. Marie, Sudbury, Timmins,
Kirkland Lake, and Toronto.
DATA RETRIEVAL AND EDUCATION SECTION
Some 210 Source Mineral Records for copper, nickel, lead
and zinc were completed. Basic Mineral Exploration Classes,
with 18 hours of instruction, were given at 14 places with
an average attendance of 78 persons.
SCIENTIFIC REVIEW SECTION
During the year, the Section produced 22 reports, 20 'open
file' reports, 87 preliminary maps, one coloured brochure,
and several hundred illustrations, displays and transparencies.
During the year, the Section produced 24 major maps, 323
base maps, 63 zinc etchings, 33 illustrations and a further
addition to the popular "geological guidebook" series. It
supplied miscellaneous graphic services for Branch programs.
CABLE TESTING LABORATORY
The Laboratory examines all mine hoisting ropes and con-
ducts breaking tests. It completed 1,012 tests in 1972.
Tests for Ontario Mines 250
Special information tests 20
Tests for wire rope manufacturers 241
Tests for mines outside Ontario 482
Tests for industries other than mining 17
Other tests 2
MINING RESCUE TRAINING
Seven fully equipped and staffed mine rescue stations, and
16 sub-stations equipped with breathing apparatus and
supplies for emergency use, are in operation. Approximately
1 ,000 miners and supervisors receive training in the use of
breathing apparatus and in the techniques of underground
mine fire control for one full day every two months.
Sales of the Ontario Mine Rescue Handbook have
expanded to new countries such as the Philippines and
Norway. Throughout the world, several government agencies
have adopted Ontario's system of mine rescue training.
During the year, 39 mine rescue teams entered district
mine rescue competitions, and seven competed in the
Provincial finals. The winner was the team representing
Rio Algom Mines Limited, Quirke Division.
MINERAL RESEARCH BRANCH
The Branch is organized in two groups: the laboratory in
Toronto and the Temiskaming Testing Laboratories in
The Laboratory provides technical services for Geological
Branch in the form of rock analyses, mineralogical and
petrological examinations, assays, geochemical analyses,
studies of clays, soils and building stones, and special
investigations and research projects.
Examinations, analyses and studies of products and
raw materials are carried out for prospectors, geologists and
engineers who may be private individuals or companies.
Free work is done as a direct aid to exploration according
to a coupon system. Holders of miner's licences, who have
recorded claims or carried out assessment work, are issued
free coupons which are redeemable in laboratory work.
WORK CARRIED OUT Public Branch Total
Assays 1,498 2,794 4,292
30-element spectographic analyses . 268 649 917
Mineral Identifications 157 76 233
Whole Rock Analyses .... 304
Geochemical Analyses .... 9,644
Special Analyses 2,089
Soils, Sand, Gravels 700
Temiskaming Testing Laboratories
The primary functions of this plant are the bulk sampling
of silver, cobalt ores and concentrates and the determination
of cobalt, nickel and copper so that the market value of
mines shipments can be established.
Shipments are sampled, assayed and weighed, and then
loaded and shipped on behalf of the producers.
Assay and analytical services also serve the public and
provide assay facilities for some mines for control work.
Since 1971, assay coupons have been accepted in payment
of analytical work.
Silver ore sampled 1,288,134 pounds
Silver bullion melted 22,1 18 pounds
DIVISION OF FISH AND WILDLIFE
The Division of Fish and Wildlife was formed on September
1, 1972, from four branches: Wildlife and Sport Fisheries
from the former Outdoor Recreation Division; Commercial
Fish and Fur from the former Resource Products Division;
and Fish and Wildlife Research, newly formed from segments
of the former Research Branch.
The objective of the Division is to provide and encourage
recreational and industrial opportunities based on the fish
wildlife resources of Ontario.
THE FRESHWATER FISH INDUSTRY
The 1972 harvest remained stable at 42.9 million pounds of
food-fish ($8 million) and 12 million pounds of bait-fish
($1.8 million). The industry employed 5,300 people. Some
of the major developments during the year were as follows.
The resumption of fishing for Lake Erie white bass
under lO 1 /^ inches after mercury testing showed they were
The establishment of quotas on Lake Superior herring
and Rainy Lake pickerel to ensure sustained harvest.
The continuation of experiments to find selective harvest-
ing techniques for whitefish in northern Ontario.
Exploratory fishing to locate exploitable quantities of
perch and coarse fish in Lake Erie, herring and chub in Lake
Superior, and coarse fish in northern inland lakes.
The development of domestic markets for smoked
The investigation of new gear and holding facilities for
The withdrawal of a portion of northwestern Ontario
from the jurisdiction of the Freshwater Fish Marketing
The settlement of six claims for redundancy resulting
from the operation of the Freshwater Fish Marketing
The termination of the Fisheries Loans Act program with
the provision of loans at 50% of last year's amount
The continuing availability of reasonable boat insurance
through federal-provincial co-operation in the Fishing Vessel
THE WILD FUR INDUSTRY
The major effort in fur management has been directed
towards beaver. This involved aerial census of beaver
colonies and specimen collections by trappers. A computer
program was developed to analyze harvested beaver for
weight, age structure, family size and pelt quality by trap-
line or township, and physiographic units. From this
analysis, the habitat can be evaluated and harvests and
Continuing the emphasis on effective harvesting, the
Branch was engaged in programs such as trapper workshops,
Conibear trap exchange, financial and technical assistance
to trap inventors, and the testing of new traps.
A marten and fisher study was initiated in Parry Sound
District in co-operation with the University of Guelph.
RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT (Native People)
The following types of projects were carried out during
the fiscal year under the Federal-Provincial Resources
Fur. Trappers and their families from James Bay were
assisted in establishing themselves on vacant traplines in
Commercial Fish. Lakes were surveyed to assess* their
potential. Fishermen were instructed in the netting, cleaning
and packing of fish.
Tourism. Indian bands along the coast of Hudson and
James Bays were assisted in setting up and operating
Hide Collection. 4,500 moose and deer hides were
collected from hunters in the Province and distributed at
tanning costs to Indian bands.
Timber. To assist Indians in managing reserve forests,
technical advice was provided on reforestation, logging and
Planning. Indians attended district meetings and took
an active part in the planning of projects.
SPORT FISHERIES BRANCH
The Canadian Resident Angling Licence was established in
1972 to enable residents of Canada, who are not residents
of Ontario, to angle in Ontario at a reduced cost of $3.00.
A total of 14,469 were sold the first year.
Sales of non-resident angling licences increased by small
percentages in 1972 to 425,001 seasonal and 233,333 three-
WATER QUALITY STUDIES
In co-operation with the Ministry of Transportation and
Communications, a detailed three-year study was initiated
to assess the impact of highway construction on a small
watershed. Investigations were continued at Nanticoke
Generating Station on Lake Erie to determine the effects of
thermal discharge on the aquatic environment.
FISH HABITAT ENHANCEMENT
An experimental project was begun to restore the fish habitat
of Wilmot Creek. Knowledge gained here will be applied
to appropriate areas of the Province.
Other activities included construction of a fish ladder
on the Ganaraska River, and a study of the effects of the
controlled harvest of aquatic vegetation on fish production
in the Kawartha Lakes.
LAKE AND STREAM SURVEYS
During 1972, a total of 757 lakes and 46 streams were
examined to determine the capability of each water to
produce fish; 164 fishing maps were prepared for dis-
tribution to the public.
A province-wide creel census program, and a data processing
system for analyzing the results, was initiated during the
Provincial Fish Hatcheries
Fourteen fish hatcheries were operated during the year.
These included eight trout rearing stations, five pond
stations, and one trough station.
The new sub-station at Chatsworth Hatchery was com-
pleted. The new rearing facility will be used primarily to
produce highly selected splake to rehabilitate Lake Huron.
Studies were undertaken for a new sub-station at Dorion
Hatchery. Further studies were made of the proposal to
locate a large hatchery complex adjacent to the Lennox
Power Generating Station in southeastern Ontario with
facilities for the supply of heated effluent water from the
Research was continued in fish nutrition and fish diseases
under a conjoint agreement with the University of Guelph.
The Branch objective is to maintain wildlife populations
for the recreational and economic benefit of the people of
Ontario. Much effort is directed to the maintenance and
improvement of wildlife habitat as it is habitat which
determines the potential in wildlife numbers.
BIG GAME MANAGEMENT
The deer herd was favoured with a mild winter, the first
in five years. The number of deer had been declining
because of a series of unusually severe winters and because
of a long-term trend in forest maturation. Hunter success
remained at 20 per cent.
The moose herd is faring well. While the number of deer
hunters has decreased since 1968, the number of moose
hunters has been increasing. Therefore, more intensive
management measures for moose are being formulated.
Black bear numbers, though difficult to assess, are
believed to be holding constant. Nuisance bear are destroyed
or, where possible, trapped and released elsewhere. The
number of bear hunters is increasing.
Timber wolf numbers have held steady for 1 5 years, and
coyotes have increased in the past 10 years. The wolf
bounty was rescinded in 1972. The Wolf Damage to Live
Stock Compensation Act, 1972, authorizes the payment of
compensation to landowners who lose livestock to wolves
UPLAND GAME MANAGEMENT
Of the species which are subject to cyclic fluctuations,
ruffed grouse are generally abundant, European hare are
recovering from a low, cottontail rabbits and Hungarian
partridge are still low, and sharp-tailed grouse are still
declining in numbers.
Several of these species are declining because of the
loss of habitat resulting from clean farming practices. The
ring-necked pheasant is especially affected. Released birds
supplement the wild stock, but only in the fall, and only to a
Woodcock, a migratory bird, breeds in large numbers in
Ontario. Raccoon are plentiful.
A program to establish a wild-breeding population of the
giant Canada goose has been underway since 1968, and wild
birds may be seen in many places.
Snow geese in the far north reproduced poorly in 1972,
resulting in low numbers in Ontario. The 1973 nesting
season was much more favourable.
The fall populations of ducks of various species were
similar to those in earlier years.
WILDLIFE EXTENSION AND PROVINCIAL WILDLIFE
More viewing and hunting opportunities became available
during the year by an increase in managed properties from
18,000 to 35,000 acres. The program now includes inter-
pretive programs on some agreement areas and on Provincial
Wildlife Areas. Habitat is managed on the latter to provide
viewing and hunting where these activities are restricted.
Conservation officers are responsible for the enforcement
of laws and regulations under The Game and Fish Act, the
Ontario Fishery Regulations, and the Migratory Birds
Convention Act. Convictions totalled 5,103, about 100
more than in the previous year, and about 100 fewer than
the record number registered in 1969-70.
Ministry officers supervised 24,823 hunter examinations
in 1972, and 87 per cent of the candidates were successful.
CENTRAL LICENCE BUREAU
The Bureau records angling and hunting licences and obtains
statistics through mailed questionnaires.
FISH AND WILDLIFE RESEARCH
The Branch was formed within the new Division of Fish and
Wildlife to integrate the programs of the Fisheries and
Wildlife Sections of the former Research Branch more
closely with the management branches and field units.
We have been fortunate to have several excellent long-
term series of data collected by our research units on each
of the Great Lakes and in Algonquin Provincial Park. As a
consequence, our scientists have been in the forefront of
a major international effort. The initial synthesis of this
effort appeared in the June, 1972, issue of the Journal of
the Fisheries Research Board to which our scientists con-
tributed 1 1 of the 34 papers.
More recently, the Great Lakes Fishery Commission has
published major background reports by our scientists on
Lakes Ontario, Huron, Superior and Opeongo.
The use of our lake trout-brook trout hybrid, the
splake, as the preferred stock for the rehabilitation of Lake
Huron (and perhaps other depleted trout waters) has
attracted attention abroad and led to the request that our
scientists provide a chapter on the subject for the Com-
memorative Volume to be issued at the 19th Congress of
the International Association of Limnology.
A major effort, to immunize wildlife against rabies, is
near maturity. In co-operation with other agencies, an
oral vaccine has been developed, and preliminary
experiments on the delivery system have been conducted.
This program has elicited world-wide interest.
DIVISION OF PARKS
PARK PLANNING BRANCH
Work continued on the evaluation of future parkland for
Ontario residents with emphasis on increased recreation
facilities in southern Ontario.
In the implementation of the Niagara Escarpment Report,
7,773 acres were purchased during the year, making a total
of 27,592 acres acquired to date.
An additional 11,612 acres of beach properties on the
Great Lakes were purchased during the year.
A 1 ,700-acre property was purchased at Indian Point on
Balsam Lake, initiating the program recommended by the
Canada-Ontario Trent-Severn-Rideau Study (C.O.R.T.S.).
Planning studies are now underway for more than 30
Provincial Parks. Planning was initiated and completed on
Fathom Five, Peche Island, and Credit Forks. Continuing
studies were made of Lake Superior, Killarney, and Ouimet
During the year, the Bronte Creek Provincial Park
Advisory Committee completed its recommendations, and a
master plan was finalized and published.
The Advisory Committee for Quetico Provincial Park
completed its report in June, 1972.
Silent Lake, ten miles north of Apsley on Highway 28, is
a proposed natural environment park with camping and day-
use programs. Master planning is completed, and the develop-
ment of roads, buildings and campsites is underway.
Petroglyph Park, 35 miles north-east of Peterborough,
near Nephton, is a proposed historical park which protects
Indian rock carvings.
Methodist Point, ten miles north of Midland, is a proposed
natural environment park with historical zones to preserve
significant remains of Indian encampments and unique
vegetative and geological features.
A special study was initiated during the year to assess the
existing skiing operations in southern Ontario. A second
stage will evaluate the potential of 200 possible new sites
within 18 months.
Two new Nature Reserves were acquired during the year:
East Sister Island, a 36-acre island in Lake Erie; and six
properties totalling 338 acres on Pelee Island. Both contain
significant Carolinian forest resources and wildlife features.
During the winter of 1972-3, four parks were operated on
a winter basis: Arrowhead, near Huntsville; Sibbald Point,
on Lake Simcoe; Pinery, on Lake Huron; and Rondeau, on
Lake Erie. Winter facilities included snow-plowed roads and
campsites, heated washrooms with hot water, central drink-
ing water, fuelwood supply, garbage disposal, and electrical
outlets (except at Rondeau).
Ski-tows were operated at Pinery and Remi Lake
Provincial Parks. Many other parks were used informally for
activities such as snowshoeing, cross-country skiing, and
Snowmobiling was permitted in Provincial Parks on approxi-
mately 200 miles of marked trails and 700 miles of park
roads during the winter of 1972-3. In addition, over 600
miles of cross-country snowmobile trails were operated on
public lands in Parry Sound, Lindsay and Tweed Districts.
PARK MANAGEMENT BRANCH
Park visitation declined during the 1972 season, reflecting
the bad weather on the majority of weekends. A total of
12,320,794 visitors (a 9.8 per cent decrease from the
previous year) were accommodated, including 1,498,474
campers (a 7.5 per cent decrease).
In southern Ontario, many families had to be turned
away on busy weekends despite the addition of nearly 1,000
more campsites to the system.
Facilities were improved at several parks.
Two new Provincial Parks were added to the system
during the year, increasing the number from 113 to 115:
Charleston Lake, a natural environment park of 2,066
acres, 17 miles north-east of Gananoque; and
FushimiLake, a 3,000-acre park west of Hearst and north
of Highway 1 1 . Both parks provide camping facilities.
During the year, 796,709 park visitors attended exhibits,
conducted trips and lectures to learn more about Ontario
and its parks, environment, resources management and
A Waterfowl Viewing Weekend was held at Long Point
Provincial Park in co-operation with the Federation of
Ontario Naturalists, and 18,000 visitors attended the event.
The number of parks offering interpretive programs
continued to expand. Several new audio-visual programs
were produced. A special logging exhibit was installed at
. Wakami Provincial Park.
PROVINCIAL PARK FEES
Vehicle and Campsite Permit $ 2.50
with electricity 3.00
Vehicle Entry Permit 1 .00
Bus Entry Permit 6.00
Interior Camping Permit. ... 1.00
Group Camping Permit .... 0.10
Ski-tow Permit ....
per day .
per day .
per day .
per day .
per day .
for 16 days
per day . . .
per day . . .
per day . . .
During the year, over 675 access points with parking areas
and boat launch ramps were maintained to provide boaters
with access to lakes and rivers. The program is expanding
by 40 to 50 sites a year.
In 1972, more than 82,000 persons entered Algonquin and
Quetico Provincial Parks for interior canoe camping.
A booklet, Northern Ontario Canoe Routes, summarizes
1 25 routes representing 1 1 ,000 miles of canoeing waterways.
A program to document canoe waterways in southern
Ontario was started in 1972.
HISTORIC SITES BRANCH
The Branch provides archaeological and historical research
for historic sites and zones and is engaged in a survey of
historical sites throughout the Province. It operates three
Sainte-Marie Among the Hurons, Midland, is a recon-
structed Jesuit Mission of the early 1600s which functions
as a tourist attraction, educational resource, study centre
and archival repository. It had 133,000 visitors in 1972.
Museum of the Upper Lakes, Wasaga Beach, tells the
story of the schooner, Nancy, in the War of 1812. It had
14,121 visitors in 1972.
The Royal Navy and Military Establishments,
Penetanguishene, commemorates the British establishment,
1814-56. It was reconstructed in 1972.
A major project of the Branch is the co-ordination of the
reconstruction of Fort William, the North-West Company's
fur-trading post and fort, Thunder Bay.
FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION DIVISION
Statement No. 1
FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT BRANCH
Financial Report for Year Ended March 31, 1973
Statement of Revenue
For Year Ended March 31, 1973
Sale of Maps, Publications, etc $ 266,594
Rentals - Ministry Houses 260,394 $ 526,988
Recovery of Prior Year's Expenditures
Canada Land Inventory $ 16,221
Land Acquisition 7,009
Lac Seul Agreement 12,821
Air Service 14,278
Conservation Authorities 322,251
Miscellaneous 6,986 $ 379,566
Taxation - Mines Acreage Tax 673,804
Royalties — Forest Protection Charges 1 ,900,485
Fees and Licences — Mines 472,904
Leasings and Licensing of Lands $ 693,336
Gas and Mining Leases 743,246 1 ,436,582
Land and Buildings $ 265,804
Air Service — Flying Fees 83,581
Recovery Fire Fighting Costs 180,979
Sundry Sales 30,741 561,105
Reimbursements of Expenditures — Government of Canada
Grants - Conservation Authorities 856,530 6,280,976
Recovery of Prior Year's Expenditures
ARDA - Park Improvements $ 155,789
Nanticoke Agreement 15,179
Miscellaneous 11,124 $ 182,092
Park Entrance and Camping Fees $ 3,974,725
Park Concessions 179,41 1
Park Miscellaneous 22,250 4,176,386
Fees $ 106,181
Sales 16,498 122,679
Fish and Wildlife
Hunting and Fishing Licences $ 9,517,071
Hunter Safety Program 81,084
Confiscated Articles 29,821
Miscellaneous - Fish and Wildlife 96,569 9,913,529
St. Lawrence Parks
Fees $ l ,289,360
Miscellaneous 1 1,072 2,086,391 16,481,077
Carried Forward $23,289,041
Statement of Revenue (continued)
Statement No. 1
For Year Ended March 31, 1973
Brought Forward $23,289,041
Renewable Resource Development
Recovery of Prior Year's Expenditures
Industrial Development Agreement $ 18,703
ARDA - Grants to Municipalities and Conservation Authorities . . 36,881
Fresh Water Fish Marketing Act 72,198
Logging Roads — construction costs 237,716
Forest Access Roads — construction costs 173,862
Miscellaneous 8,708 $ 548,068
Forest Management 146,230
Forest Products 120,181
Stock Production 209,552
Miscellaneous Timber 21,375 13,686,603
Reimbursements of Expenditures - Government of Canada
ARDA - Private Land Forestry $ 190,444
ARDA - Forest Stand Improvement 107,607
Commercial Fish and Fur
Resource Development Agreement 100,000 398,051 14,632,722
Non-Renewable Resource Development
Recovery of Prior Year's Expenditures
Mine Rescue Stations — Recovery of Operational Costs $ 75,598
Mining Tax 16,344,101
Fees, Licenses 85,186 1 7,225,530
Recovery of Prior Year's Expenditures 14,570
Total Revenue $55,161,863
For Year Ende
(Pro-rated by operating Activities)
Field Operational Services
Junior Ranger Program
Youth Corps (S.W.E.E.P.)
Program Administration (Pro-rated by activities)
Plant Operating and Repair
Stock Control and Repair
Air Service — Operating and Repair
Extra Fire Fighting 2,999,965
Lands and Waters 13,186,301
Land Use Planning
Annuities and Bonuses to Indians
Construction of Summer Resort Roads
Ontario Land Inventory
Land Assessment and Tax
Surveys and Engineering 5,147,274
Engineering and Surveys Service
Construction of Dams, Docks and Dredging
Maintenance of Dams, Docks, Locks
Maintenance of Access Roads
Mining Lands 990,491
Pits and Quarries
Conservation Authorities 20,945,244
Allocated to Main Services
18,506,360 1,282,455 1,811,032 3,901,382 3,735,655 4,602,020
Total Expenditures Allocated
For Year Endei
Programs $ $
Outdoor Recreation 30,882,337
Program Administration (Pro-rated by Activities) 1 ,700,239
General Outdoor Recreation 14,199,61 1
Fish and Wildlife 8,776,386
Fish & Wildlife Services
Sport Fish Management
Game & Fish Enforcement
St. Lawrence Parks Commission 3,643,614
Historical Parks 2,562,487
Resource Development 30,882,337 30,882,337 i
Renewable Resource Development 22,030,1 91
Program Administration 707,35 1
(Pro-rated by Activities)
Resource Production 1 7,576,597
Construction of Logging Roads
Construction of Forest Access Roads
Grants to Municipalities and Conservation Authorities
Commercial Fish & Fur
Industry Information, support and sales 3,601,161
Fish & Fur Development
Statutory — Loans under The Fisheries Loan Act 145,082
to Main Services (Continued)
torch 31, 1973
Forest Mineral Conservation
Managem ent Management Authorities Others
1,700,239 1,188,807 511,432
111 1 SA
111 1 SA
22,030,191 40,579 16,237 10,689 570,791 21,391,895
Total Expenditure Allocated
For Year Endec
Non-Renewable Resource Development
Program Administration (Pro-rated by Activities)
Access to Resources
Geological Services and Shared Exploration Costs
Shared Exploration Costs
Temiskaming Testing Lab
Ontario Energy Board
Mine Rescue Training
Total Net Expenditure
Percentage of Total
S.W.E.E.P. Projects manag»
to Main Services (Continued)
larch 31, 1973
Sub-Activity Land Environmental Historical Fish & Forest Mineral Conservation
Total Management Protection Sites Wildlife Management Management Authorities Other
6.63% 11.36% 25.87% 11.46% 21.42% 5.61% 16.64% 1.01%
>y the Ministry of Environment
NORTHERN AFFAIRS BRANCH
The Branch operates a small co-ordinating office in Toronto
and three regional and 23 "storefront" offices in northern
Ontario. Small communities in the north are served through
50 satellite offices manned on a voluntary basis by
employees of other government agencies.
Northern Affairs offices aid citizens with problems
related to all levels of government. They supply pamphlets
and forms for many agencies and provide information on
Northern Affairs officers perform specific functions for
other agencies. They hold letters of authority under several
Acts administered by other Ministries.
A total of 80,958 transactions was handled in 1972, an
increase of 22,466 on the year.
LEGAL SERVICES BRANCH
During the fiscal year commencing with April 1st, 1972,
and ending with March 31st, 1973, Legal Services Branch
prepared and processed amendments to The Crown Timber
Act (by Statutes of Ontario 1972, Chapter 26); to The
Provincial Parks Act (by Statutes of Ontario 1972, Chapter
27); to The Public Lands Act (by Statutes of Ontario 1972,
Chapter 29); to The Surveyor's Act (by Statutes of Ontario
1972, Chapter 30); and to The Mining Act (by Statutes of
Ontario 1972, Chapter 116).
The Wolf and Bear Bounty Act was repealed by Statutes
of Ontario 1972, Chapter 144, and The Water Powers
Regulation Act was repealed by Statutes of Ontario 1972,
The Mining Tax Act was rewritten and updated by
Statutes of Ontario 1972, Chapter 140, and The Wolf
Damage to Live Stock Compensation Act, 1972, Statutes
of Ontario 1972, Chapter 145 was enacted.
Sixty-seven regulations made under the authority of
Acts administered by the Ministry and 426 orders-in-
council were prepared and processed through the Branch
during the fiscal year.
Two Federal-Provincial co-operative agreements dated
February 8, 1972, and March 29, 1973, which provided
for a two-year renewal of the co-operative agreement
relating to resource management and, for the performance
of a high resolution aeromagnetic survey in the Kirkland
Lake area, respectively, were entered into by the Ministry
during the fiscal year.
The Patents Office, which is responsible for maintenance
of records of Crown land and transactions respecting, and
legal dispositions of Crown land, other than dispositions
under The Mining Act, processed a total of 1,526 docu-
ments during the fiscal year ending with March 31st, 1973.
ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES BRANCH
The branch is a support group offering those administrative
type services that lie outside the personnel and financial
The branch is divided into two sections -
Operations and Services
Operations consists of Office Management, Purchasing and
Services consists of the Map Office, the Mines Publications
Office, the Aerial Photo Library and the Accommodation
This unit is responsible for the design, standardization,
issuance and replacement of any of the twenty-three (23)
different uniform items issued to the 1,100 regular staff,
and 900 summer casual staff - (mainly parks).
The unit is also responsible for the continual updating
of the Ministry's listing in telephone directories across the
Province, as well as preparing input information for the
Government Telephone Directory. A total of 1,400 tele-
phone credit cards and over 3,500 identification cards were
issued to the Ministry staff.
Other responsibilities include:
1 . All branch personnel and accounting functions.
2. The distribution of all Government manuals and
their revisions, as well as all the Ministry's policy
and procedure directives and key personnel directory.
3. The Ministry equipment inventory control.
4. The reproduction facilities: (Photo-copy and Mimeo-
Approximately 160,000 photo copies and 25,000
mimeograph copies per month.
5. The management of over 200,000 active Crown
land files and the several incoming documents that
necessitate the recording of over 140 entries on the
cross-reference index system and the retrieval of over
255 files daily.
With the continuing expansion and re-organization within
the Ministry, procurement activity was more varied and
widespread. Over 20,000 requisitions were received and
they were the basis for the issuance of 8,893 Purchase
Orders, 6,739 Central Stationery Requisitions, 1,049
Printing Requisitions, 494 Government Service Requisitions,
703 Telephone Requisitions and 1,701 Central Duplicating
Requisitions. Underlying these orders and requisitions
were the many and varied details which are part of the
purchasing function, such as searching, consulting, inter-
viewing, telephone usage, correspondence, quotation calls
customs clearance. Basically, it is a matter of supply and
demand with the Purchasing Section ensuring that the
Ministry's requirements are met immediately, economically,
with the best quality available, and overall best value obtained
for money expended.
Direction and supervision were maintained on leases and
property for the Ministry throughout the Province in
conjunction with the Ministry of Government Services.
CENTRAL SUPPLY WAREHOUSE
During the fiscal year, the Section received a total of 710
tons of supplies and equipment and shipped a total of 413
tons, excluding mail. Shipments were made by express,
freight, transport and mail, and by internal supply to
Thirty types of licences were distributed to District
Offices and approximately 17,133 licence issuers on in-
voices. The 2,188,505 licences included hunting, angling
bait fish, roll net, dip net, frog, guide, trapping, trap-line, and
dog. A total of 1,278,640 Provincial Park Permits were
The accommodation office is responsible for the directing
and coordinating of the approval of all leasing transactions,
land purchases for the erection of buildings as well as their
construction and maintenance; the preparation of the
Ministry master accommodation plan, the establishment of
immediate, medium and long range accommodation ob-
jectives; the coordination of the funding requirements for
all general and special purpose facilities involving major
and minor capital improvements; the planned program for
the inspection of Ministry facilities in order to promote
and improve communication between field and Head
Office; the maintenance of official liason with the Ministry
of Government Services in all matters pertaining to
MINES PUBLICATIONS OFFICE
This office is responsible for the sale and distribution of
geological maps and reports, circulars, industrial mineral
reports, bulletins and other technical publications prepared
in the Ministry.
This office serves the public through the sale of printed
maps produced by the Ministry of Transportation and
Communications, lake contour map series produced
by the Sport Fisheries Branch, the National Topographic
Series and the Provincial Topographic Series.
AIR PHOTO LIBRARY
This library has samples of all air photographs available
for the Province of Ontario. Orders may be placed at the
Library for contact prints (10" by 10") enlargements made
from the negatives of contact prints, and mosaics which
may also be enlarged. The Air Photo Library also sells
Forest Resources Inventory Maps.
RECORDS MANAGEMENT (New Section)
The Ministry is currently undertaking a study of all forms
used and this study will result in an ongoing Central Forms
Management Program. Initial steps were taken to create
this new section.
This section will be responsible for maintaining appro-
priate control over the initiation, maintenance, protection,
retention and disposition of all Ministry records in accor-
dance with the policies of the Ministry and the Records
Management Committee of Management Board. Submits to
the committee, for approval, all proposals for microfilming
Ministry records and the installation of microrecord systems.
Monitors requests from Ministry offices for new or used
filing equipment by investigating and justifying each request
on merit and current policies.
Forms management is an activity within the records
management program and a study is currently being made
of all the forms used in the Ministry. This study will result
in an ongoing Ministry forms management program. The
1. to contain the growth of forms and the printing and
clerical costs relating to forms.
2. to simplify the flow of each form in use in a system
and to simplify the preparation and handling of the
form by removing all superfluous and redundant data
3. to maintain controls over design, procurement and an
inventory of forms with special emphasis on the
supervision and regulation of all forms used by the
Ministry staff in all locations. This Central Program
will be supplemented by the establishment of Branch
coordinators for the forms management program.
DISPOSITION OF SENIOR ADMINISTRATION STAFF
MARCH 31, 1973
W. Q. Macnee
ASSISTANT DEPUTY MINISTERS
L. Ringham (for Northern Ontario)
W. T. Foster (for Southern Ontario)
A. J. Herridge (for Resources and Recreation)
J. W. Giles (for Lands and Waters)
ONTARIO COMMITTEE, MAN AND RESOURCES
R. Hummel Chairman
J. R. Oatway Northwestern (Kenora)
R. A. Baxter North-Central (Thunder Bay)
G. A. McCormack Northern (Cochrane)
J. N. Hughes Northeastern (Sault Ste. Marie)
J. S. Ball Algonquin (Huntsville)
T. W. Hueston Eastern (Kemptville)
A. H. Peacock Central (Richmond Hill)
W. H. Charlton Southwestern (London)
J. W. Lockwood Division of Forests
G. A. Jewett Division of Mines
K. K. Irizawa Division of Fish and Wildlife
J . W. Keenan Division of Parks
L. H. Eckel Division of Lands
W. G. Cleaveley Field Services Division
R. R. MacBean Finance and Administration Division
PERSONNEL BRANCH (Continued)
DISPOSITION OF SENIOR ADMINISTRATION STAFF (Continued)
MARCH 31, 1973
R. M. Dixon Forest Management Branch
J. M. Barron Timber Sales Branch
D. H. Burton Forest Research Branch
Dr. E. G. Pye Geological Branch
D. A. Moddle Mineral Research Branch
H. F. R. Davis Mines Engineering Branch
D. R. Johnston Wildlife Branch
K. H. Loftus Sport Fisheries Branch
M. J. Brubacher Commercial Fish and Fur Branch
J. D. Roseborough Fish and Wildlife Research Branch
R. H. Hambly Park Management Branch
T. E. Lee Park Planning Branch
J. R. Sloan Historical Sites Branch (Midland)
J. McGinn Lands Administration Branch
R. J. Burgar Land Use Co-Ordination Branch
R. G. Code Surveys and Mapping Branch
W. L. Sleeman Forest Fire Control Branch
T. C. Cooke Air Service Branch
S. B. Panting Engineering Services Branch
R. V. Scott Northern Affairs Branch
G. H. Ferguson Legal Services Branch
A. C. Goddard Financial Management Branch
J. M. Taylor Personnel Branch
J. A. Queen Administrative Services Branch
G. A. Hamilton Information Branch
Dr. W. R. Henson Policy Research Branch
N. D. Patrick Conservation Authorities Branch
G. P. Elliot Chapleau
E. Gillespie Cochrane (Acting)
R. A. Balkwill Fort Frances
W. K. Fullerton Geraldton
D. A. Fawcett Kapuskasing
P. Anslow Kemptville (Acting)
M. J. Morison Kenora
W. B. Clarke Lake Erie (Aylmer)
J. M. Halpenny Lake Huron (Hespeler)
F. E. Sider Lake Simcoe (Maple)
A. E. Walroth Lindsay
D. J. Vance North Bay
C. Douglas Parry Sound (Acting)
J. A. Simpson Pembroke
J. H. Sellers Sault Ste. Marie (Acting)
F. L. Hall Sioux Lookout
S. R. Hamilton Sudbury
E. Markus Swastika
L. M. Affleck Thunder Bay
D. E. Gage Tweed
A. S. Holder White River
ONTARIO FOREST TECHNICAL SCHOOL
V. B. Collins Acting Director
TOTAL STAFF Probat . Undass .
March 31,1973 Regular ionary ified Total
HeadOffice 1,337 135 ' 316 1,788
Field 2,395 121 1,033 3,549
Total 3,732 256 1 ,349 5,337
Total Complement of Positions 4, 1 1 3
Vacancies in Complement 186
Regular and Probationary Staff 3,927
New Employees Hired, 1 972-73 318
March 31, 1973
Legal Officers 5
Mining Engineers 23
with Diplomas 1 ,49 1
Licensed Scalers ■ 989
March 31, 1973
*Ratio of separations to total regular and probationary
staff at March 31,1 973, was 8. 1 per cent.
CONSERVATION INFORMATION SECTION
The first issue of A ski, a small eight-page monthly for the
information of staff, appeared in June, 1972. Aski means
"land" in Crée.
A newsletter was mailed weekly to 3,800 news outlets
and special interest groups. The French translation went
to 180 outlets. Urgent news was supplied directly to
Ontario Outdoors, a radio series, was used by 47
stations in the Province. Program material was supplied to
During the year, information was mailed to 39,600
persons who requested assistance. The Photograph Library
supplied material from a stock of 39,600 negatives and
1 1 ,000 colour transparencies.
Editorial service included the supply of information
and statements to outside agencies and work on Ministry
publications. New Ministry releases included the following:
GEOLOGY AND SCENERY - North Shore of Lake Huron and
THE FISHERIES OF LAKE OF THE WOODS ($ 1 .00)
RAINBOW TROUT IN THE GREAT LAKES ($1.00)
BIRDS OF ALGONQUIN PROVINCIAL PARK ($0.75)
BOW HUNTING FOR DEER
WINTER RECREATION ON PUBLIC LANDS
PLANTATION MANAGEMENT ($0.50)
OUT OF THE WOODS (folder)
FORESTRY IN ONTARIO (Series of 10 booklets)
FOREST FIRE CONTROL IN ONTARIO
CONSERVATION EDUCATION SECTION
The Section prepared exhibits for 70 fairs and shows
where the Ministry area was staffed by Districts. It pre-
pared and managed Ministry exhibits at the Canadian
National Exhibition in Toronto, Central Canada Exhibition
in Ottawa, Western Fair in London, Canadian Lakehead
Exhibition in Thunder Bay, International Plowing Match
in Sebringville, Royal Winter Fair in Toronto, and Canadian
National Sportsmen's Show in Toronto.
The Film Library added 20 films to head office and
field office film libraries to bring the library's total to
330 titles with two or more prints of many of the titles.
During the year, approximately 1,500 films were loaned to
Illustrated lectures were given on many aspects of the
Ministry's activities to schools and youth organizations,
church and service groups, and conservation associations.
ACCIDENT CONTROL SECTION
During the year, driver improvement training and testing
was extended to staff in all districts.
Employees were given the safety training applicable to
their particular working hazards.
North Bay District won the Safety Trophy with an
injury frequency rate of 5.6.
The number of certified Hunter Safety Training in-
structors increased by 20 to 1,373.
In Algonquin and Killarney Provincial Parks, 62 canoeing-
camping demonstrations were given by the Ontario Safety
League under the Ministry's sponsorship.
Workmen's Compensation costs were $330,231.59, in-
cluding pensions and administrative charges. Compensable
claims number 1,065.
POLICY RESEARCH BRANCH
Policy Research is a new Branch, established in September,
1972, from elements of former Branches. It reports
directly to the Deputy Minister. Its responsibilities are as
1. Ministry liaison with other Ministries and the central
agencies of Government.
2. Co-ordination and regulation of activities related
to environmental quality. Ministry responsibilities
toward Environmental Impact Review Board.
3. Conduct and co-ordination of research basic to
policy formulation in fields such as proposed water
diversion areas, proposed industrial development,
unorganized areas in north, resource prices, resource
transportation, resource allocation, and recreation
demand and supply.
4. General supervision of research and development.
5. Development of a modern information system, and
the operation of Ministry libraries.
6. Technical background support in biometrics, econo-
mics and various biological disciplines.
7. Study of experience elsewhere, notably in Soviets.
DIVISION OF LANDS
LANDS ADMINISTRATION BRANCH
The Branch is responsible for policy and objectives in the
administration of Crown lands (public and mining) in
Ontario, and for acquiring private lands for Ministry
LAND ACQUISITION SECTION
The Section is responsible for acquiring private lands
in support of programs such as public recreation and
timber management. Since 1962, some 500,000 acres of
land have been purchased, and some 15,000 acres have
been transferred to the Ministry from other Provincial
agencies. Recent purchases related to Niagara Escarpment
lands, the Wasaga Beach area, and Bronte Creek Provincial
The Section prepares and engrosses the title documents
required to dispose of Crown lands under The Public Lands
Act and The Mining Act. In addition, the Section levies
mining acreage tax and carries out the procedures required
to effect forfeiture to the Crown of alienated mining lands
when the owners of such lands default.
In territory that is not municipally organized, control is
exercised over uses and development of privately owned land
through the designation of Restricted Areas under Section
17 of The Public Lands Act. Twenty-two areas, comprising
more than 1 2,000 square miles, have so far been designated.
When land is to be disposed of, the Section prescribes
terms and conditions in accord with land-use plans for the
area. In unorganized territory, leasehold tenure is usually
Price is based on the appraised market value of the land.
Annual rent is derived from the Regulations or based on
seven per cent of the land's value.
Improvement requirements are imposed to ensure quality
development, for the purpose for which the land was
granted, within a specified time.
Land is disposed of by sale, lease, easement, licence of
occupation, or land use permit, or by vesting order when
transferred to another agency of government.
In the case of cottage lots for private use, tenure is
by lease only. These lots are available only in registered
subdivisions and may not be leased to non-Canadians until
they have been available for lease to Canadians and landed
immigrants for one full year.
Mining Lands Section
Under The Mining Act, the Section prepares rulings for
leases and Exploratory Licences of Occupation; disposes
of land for sand and gravel purposes, and collects royalties
for salt and sand and gravel removals; withdraws lands
from disposition; and collects and assesses all geophysical,
geological, geochemical and other technical reports. With
a budget of $50,000 in 1972-3 for the rehabilitation of
depleted pits and quarries, approximately 26 pits were
Under The Beach Protection Act, all commercial removals
of sand and gravel (except by municipalities) from beaches,
banks or waters of lakes and streams are licensed by the
Section following consultation with Fish and Wildlife
field offices, Ministry of the Environment and the Federal
Department of Transport. Regular inspections are made of
licensed areas to ensure that operations cause no significant
erosion or damage to the ecology.
Public Lands Section
In the administration of public lands, other than mining
lands, the emphasis is changing from land disposition to
management. Land management includes:
Allowing the public to use and enjoy public lands and
waters wherever possible;
Minimizing conflicts between user groups;
Reserving areas for future public or government purposes
to protect unique or sensitive features or to preserve the
Zoning areas for or against certain uses;
Controlling garbage, litter, dumping and dredging; and
Removing unauthorized occupations of public land.
LAND USE CO-ORDINATION BRANCH
The Branch was established in 1972 to give added emphasis
to the Ministry's concern with la"nd use and land-use
LAND USE PLANNING SECTION
In the first phase of land-use planning, the Ministry is
preparing, or assisting other Ministries to prepare, land-use
plans for specific areas. In 1972, the Ministry was involved
in planning at Ignace, Sault Ste. Marie North, Maple
Mountain, Lake Temagami, and the Regional Municipality
of Muskoka, with public hearings on power line locations
most notably the Nanticoke-Pickering line.
During the year, the Section was assigned the responsi-
bility of ensuring that comprehensive Provincial and Regional
land-use plans were prepared by 1975. This led to the
second phase of land-use planning. A document, Guidelines
for Land Use Planning, was prepared and published in
1972. Throughout the year, field staff gathered data
relevant to planning.
LAND USE LIAISON SECTION
Many meetings and training sessions were held in 1972 with
head office and field staff and with the staff of all other
Ministries interested in land use. The purpose was to
explain in detail the need for comprehensive land-use
planning and the methods of planning, and to co-ordinate
the policies of individual agencies.
MUNICIPAL PLAN REVIEW SECTION
In 1972, the Section was assigned the responsibilities of
the previous Conservation Planning Section in Conservation
Authorities Branch. Staff were obtained and trained.
A total of 698 subdivision, 60 severance and 20
condominium proposals were reviewed, and recommen-
dations concerning conditions of draft approval were pre-
pared. In addition, 113 draft municipal official plans, and/
or amendments to approved official plans, were reviewed
and conditions of approval recommended.
SURVEYS AND MAPPING BRANCH
The Surveys Section performed, or obtained through
private surveyors, surveys of a variety of Crown lands prior
to their disposal under The Public Lands Act and The
Mining Act. Township boundaries resurveyed totalled 300
miles, and restored under OSEP, 174 miles.
The Cartography and Inventory Sections produced
geological, planimetric and thematic maps as a result of
field surveys undertaken in various Ministry programs.
The naming of geographical features was performed
by the Ontario Geographical Names Board.
In connection with the interpretation of space and
airborne pictures, a Federal-Provincial link was established,
and provision was made for an Ontario centre for remote
sensing within the Ministry.
FIELD SERVICES DIVISION
FOREST FIRE CONTROL BRANCH
A total of 1,573 forest fires burned over 65,458 acres in
Ontario during the 1972 fire season. An additional 31 fires
occurred within the fire district but outside the area of
intensive protection. These fires burned 13,284 acres.
Two high fire loads were experienced. The first, from
the middle of May to the first week in June, saw province-
wide fire occurence and accounted for 64 per cent of the
season's fires and 91 per cent of the acres burned. Twenty-
three large fires were experienced, and some equipment
and manpower shortages occurred. The peak was reached
on May 28 when 60 new fires made a total of 156 fires
burning on that day.
A more localized situation occurred during the first
week of July in Geraldton and Sioux Lookout Districts when
approximately 280 fires were experienced.
The remainder of the fire season was exceptionally
Lightning was again the major source of fire ignition. It
accounted for 33 per cent of 1972 fires and 78 per cent
of the area burned.
Again in 1972, three Avenger fire bombers were con-
tracted and positioned at the Dryden Fire Centre
Northwestern Region to perform initial attack and support
functions with long-term fire retardants. This land-based
operation was meshed with the over-all fire attack system
and worked well.
On the basis of two year's experienced with the Tracker
fife bomber, this aircraft was selected to be the land-based
air attack aircraft in the Ministry fleet. Five more were
acquired for the 1973 fire season.
Five fire prevention pamphlets, Debris Burning, Fire
Prevention, Children and Fire, Smoking, and Campfires,
were published and distributed to the public.
Two four-week courses were given in basic fire suppression
(Fire Suppression I). A total of 41 staff and two National
Park personnel completed the course.
The third annual advanced fire management course (Fire
Suppression II) was given to 24 staff.
Field evaluations of various items of forest fire control
equipment were made during the 1972 fire season. These
included: field test of synthetic fire hose; operational
evaluation of the Gorman-Rupp pump; modification of fire-
line camp gear; and modification of fire hose laying
technique and packaging methods.
AIR SERVICE BRANCH
The purchase of five Grumman Tracker aircraft increased
the Ministry fleet to 48 aircraft, operated out of 20 bases
of which eleven were open the year round.
During the year, Ministry aircraft flew a total of
14,55 1 : 1 5 hours and delivered loads that totalled 27,1 37,880
Leased helicopters flew a total of 3,032:10 hours.
Twenty-eight mercy and emergency flights were made to
rescue ill and injured persons from isolated locations. These
flights accounted for 42:25 flying hours.
ENGINEERING SERVICES BRANCH
Engineering Services is a new Branch formed from elements
of the former Surveys and Engineering Branch in the
Ministry reorganization which became effective on Sep -
tember 1, 1972.
The Branch supplied support in the aspects of Ministry
programs requiring professional engineering, engineering
technology, and construction expertise.
The engineering projects related to water use and
management were carried out by means of pre-engineering
surveys, feasibility studies, designs, plans, specifications,
consultation, reports, employment of engineering con-
sultants, and the construction of dams, docks, navigation
locks and other hydraulic structures and facilities.
The Branch carried out a program of inspection and
maintenance on some of the 265 Ministry-owned dams along
with improvements to flow channels, dredging and removal
An extension service to the public on erosion control
was expanded to cope with the increased erosion and
flooding resulting from a combination of high water levels
on the Great Lakes and several severe storms, notably those
of November 13-14, 1972, and March 17, 1973.
Co-ordination of the Ministry sign program was imple-
mented in accordance with the policy established by the
Consultation was provided for the construction and
maintenance of forest access roads, and assistance is given
to the Northern Ontario Resource Transportation Committee
The administration of The Lakes and Rivers Improve-
ment Act required the examination and approval of all
proposed dams in the Province, the investigation of com-
plaints, and special studies of water levels and shorelines.
Under the Major Capital construction program, the
Branch provided liaison between the Ministry of Government
Services, Management Board and the appropriate branches,
districts and regions.
Maintenance and minor construction of buildings and
other facilities was carried out under the Minor Capital
CONSERVATION AUTHORITIES BRANCH
The Branch co-ordinates assistance to Conservation
Authorities which include grants (for capital projects and
administration of Authority programs), technical advice,
watershed studies and reports. The Branch reports to the
Assistant Deputy Minister for lands and waters.
Funds contributed through the Branch in 1972-3 were
$23,071,983, made up of $19,516,402 for capital projects
and administration, $1,900,740 in winter works transfer
payments, and $1,654,841 in SWEEP transfer payments,
and an additional $378,246 in Parks Assistance Act pay-
ments made directly to the municipalities.
Some of the more important dams, reservoirs and channel
improvements either in process of construction or com-
pleted in 1972-3 were at Binbrook (Niagara), High Finch
(Metro Toronto), Woolwich (Grand River), Third Depot
(Napanee), Hilton Falls and Fourteen Mile Creek (Halton),
Head Street (Sydenham Valley), and East Davignon (Sault
Both Toronto Metro and Hamilton Region Authorities
began waterfront development plans during the year.
Large conservation areas undergoing development in
1972-3 were at Christie (Hamilton), Brantford (Grand River),
Lake Whittaker (Kettle), and the Mill of Kentail(Mississippi).
THE MINING COMMISSIONER
The Mining Commissioner presides over a tribunal which
exercises the judicial and administrative functions conferred
upon it under The Mining Act, The Mining Tax Act and
The Beach Protection Act. During the past fiscal year, the
following matters were determined and disposed of.
Orders extending time for performing work
or applying and paying for leases 874
Orders extending time for tagging 6
Orders authorizing special renewal of licences 52
Miscellaneous orders and judgements 65
Total Number of Orders 997
REVENUE DERIVED FROM No. of
FILING EXTENSION ORDERS Claims
Prior to Default 9,609 $48,045.00
Relief from Forfeiture 1,203 12,030.00
Prior Tagging 6 30.00
Total 10,818 60,105.00
During the year, sittings were held at Toronto, Kirkland
Lake, Thunder Bay, Sioux Lookout and Timmins.
ONTARIO ENERGY BOARD
During the past year, the Board held more than one hundred
public hearings, usually in Toronto. Hearings were also held
at Mount Forest, Cayuga, Sarnia, Windsor, Chatham,
Woodstock and Guelph.
Board activities during the year included the granting
of leave to construct pipe lines, authority to expropriate
pipe line rights-of-way when easements could not be
negotiated, certificates of public convenience and necessity
for the distribution of gas, and approval of the drilling of
wells for oil or gas in designated gas storage areas.