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Annual Report 

Fiscal year ending March 31, 1983 

Minister of Natural Resources 
of the Province of Ontario 

To his Honour 

The Lieutenant-Governor 

of the Province of Ontario 

May it please your Honour 

The undersigned begs respectfully 

to present to your Honour 

the Annual Report of the Ministry of 

Natural Resources for the fiscal year 

beginning April I, 1982 

and ending March 3 1 , 1983 


Alan W. Pope 

All photographs taken by Ministry staff. 


Minister's Message 


Deputy Minister's Message 


Mineral Resources Management 


Forest Resources Management 


Outdoor Recreation Management 


Pari<^s and Recreational Areas 






Lands and Waters Management 


Aviation and Fire Management 




Statements of Revenue and Expenditure 


Organization Charts 


Associated Agencies, Boards and Commissions 


Minister's Message 

As I review the ministr\'s many ac- 
complishments of the 1982-83 fiscal 
year, I am pleased to note that we have, 
in a time of govemment-wide restraint 
and budget cuts, continued to deliver a 
wide range of resource programs— and 
have developed a good many new ones. 

The employment bridging program 
which I initiated in 1982 with the federal 
Minister of Employment and Immigra- 
tion was one of last year's real successes. 
The program provided jobs in forestry, 
mining, outdoor recreation and other 
resource areas for sicilled. unemployed 
workers— jobs that made it possible for 
these workers to stay in their com- 
munities, where they have been, and \\ ill 
continue to be, a valuable human 

In 1982-83. almost 6.000 workers 
were provided with to 90,000 
work-weeks of labor. I am pleased that 
our government funded the $20-million 
Ontario portion of the program through 
the Board of Industrial Leadership and 
Development (BILD). the Cabinet com- 
mittee responsible for the consolidation 
and co-ordination of the province's in- 
dustrial strategy. 

Public consultation was a key factor 
in our resource planning activities in 
1982-83. During the yelir. 18 public 
forums were held on private land 
forestry, and another 200 were held in 
connection with District Land 
Guidelines. These land use meetings 
gave the ministry 's planners a chance to 
gauge public reaction, identify key issues 
and take any public concerns into ac- 
count when making program planning 

It was my pleasure to personally host 
seven of these land use forums which 
were attended by 3,300 people. 

The land use plannmg exercise 
represents 10 years of intensive snjdy and 
planning by our ministry, and is a major 
step toward achieving our goal of in- 
tegrated resource management in 

During the last fiscal year, five new 
Forest Management Agreements were 
signed, including the first FMA with a 
non-pulp and paper company. 

Here again, public consultation had an 
important part to play. During 1982-83. 
we held numerous public infomiation 
sessions throughout the north in connec- 
tion with the new agreements. 

As of March 3 1 . 1983. there were 1 3 
FMAs in existence. They cover an area 
of almost 80.000 square kilometres 
—32.8 per cent of the total area under 
licence to the forest industry in Ontario. 

Another highlight of the 1982-83 fiscal 
year was the mini.strs 's acquisition of two 
Canadair CL-215 waterbombcrs— the 
state-of-the-art firefighting aircraft. The 
two planes will greatly improve the 
ministry's ability to respond quickly and 
effectively to forest fire emergencies, and 
will help us to achieve our forest fire 
management goals in Ontario. 

Dunng the 1982-83 fiscal period, we 
also provided incentives for mineral ex- 
ploration and development. Significant 
gold mining operations at Hemlo and 
Sioux Lookout, in addition to explora- 
tion and development projects in other 
communities, have received assistance 
through the Ontario Minerals Explora- 
tion Program, the Hydrocarbon Energy 

Resources Program and the BILD- 
funded Exploration Technology 
Development Fund, to name just a few. 

Hemlo. in particular, was a major 
bnght light for the mining industp, . and 
underlined the importance of the 
ministry's geological funding and 
research programs. 

We have also encouraged community 
groups and interested individuals all 
across Ontario to take an acti\e part in 
the Community Fisheries Involvement 
Program (CFIP). CFIP gives volunteers 
from local communities an opportunity 
to work w ith our resource managers to 
get important fisheries and w ildlife pro- 
jects done. Their response and supfxirt 
have been most gratifying. 

The ministry's many program in- 
itiatives are vast in breadth and scope. 
Whether we talk about the development 
of a new provincial Floodplain Manage- 
ment Policy, the Green Paper on Private 
Land Forestr>\ the establishment of pro- 
vincial Drill Core Libraries, the Ontario 
Basic Mapping Program or the 
bre^akthmughs we've achieved in remote 
sensing technology— we can be prc)ud 
that MNR has continued to play a major 
part in ensuring that Ontario's natural 
wealth w ill be enjoyed and well-utilized 
nov\ and into the future. 

Looking back at what we have ac- 
complished. I am ver\ pleased with the 
ministPi 's pertbrmance in 1982-83. And 
I am looking forward to even greater 
achievements in the vears to come. 

Alan W. Pope 

Deputy Minister's Message 


The Ministry' of Natural Resources, as 
such, has now been in existence for 10 
years. They have been challenging, 
stimulating years— years in which we 
have developed a highly competent, ex- 
tremely professional team. And, as the 
necessity of living with spending 
restraints continued to be an inescapable 
fact of life in 1982-83. the pressures on 
the MNR team have grown. It becomes 
an even greater challenge to continue 
delivering effective resource programs, 
and it makes us all rely more on our in- 
genuity and expertise. 

I'm very pleased to be able to .say that 
MNR's team is meeting the challenges 
posed by the present economic climate, 
and I'm convinced that there's a good 
reason underlying our success: that 
reason is people. 

MNR staff have continually dem- 
onstrated the ability to design imagin- 
ative and effective ways to deliver our 
programs efficiently to the people of On- 
tario. Some examples that come to mind 
are MNR's special employment pro- 
grams, the development of comprehen- 
sive Crown land recreation policies, our 
forest access road policy, our contract 
tree seedling production, our many com- 
munity fisheries involvement projects. 
our extension services to private woodlot 
owners, and the development of selec- 
tive big game hai"vest programs. 

Just citing examples of the ministry's 
many and varied programs hardly does 
ju.stice to the hard work of the staff who 
make the programs possible. I am think- 
ing here of the special efforts of not 
only our program delivery staff working 
with the public, but also of our plan- 
ning and administrative staff, many of 
whom have spent the fi.scal year 
streamlining the areas of communica- 
tions, aftlnnative action, the manage- 
ment infonnation system and .systems 

To serve Ontario well and to deal ef- 
fectively with the daily challenges which 
we have so successfully met in the past, 
each of us must renew his or her com- 
mitment to carrying the ministry forward 
as a dedicated, innovative and exciting 
organization into the 1980s. I see evi- 
dence of that commitment by ministry 
.staff every day. and I am sure that it u ill 

W. T. Foster 



^i• — 


Mineral Resources 

1982-83 Mineral Resources 
Program Highlights 

• TiHal value of Ontario mineral 
production was $3. l-billion. 

• Ontario produced 33 per cent 
of all metallic minerals and 40 
per cent of all structural 
materials in Canada. 

• The estimated value of mineral 
production to be assessed 
under The Mining Tax Act was 
$2.5-billion. and the province 
realized a mining tax revenue 
of $26-million. 

The Ontario Geological Survey 
managed 40 regular field survey 
projects and 2! field crews on 
behalf of other agencies. 
In all, 76 geoscience reports 
and 191 geoscience maps were 
produced by the Ontario 
Geological Survey. 
Under the Ontario Mineral 
Exploration Program (OMEP). 
participants spent $24-million 
on 149 projects completed 
during the year. 

Left: MNRs Ontario Geological 
Survey hired and trained 1 14 sum- 
mer field staff and students to per- 
form mapping and other geological 
survey work during 1982-83. 

OGS Mapping 

Helps to Find Minerals 

How are mineral deposits fonned? 
Where are they? How did they get there'.' 
These and other questions underiie the 
Ontario Geological Survey's (OGS) 
study of the province's surface and sub- 
surface mineral resources. And the 
search for knowledge about valuable 
minerals— and for the answers to these 
questions — continued during 1982-83. 

In 1982-83. 55 teams in all perfomi- 
ed mapping work for the ministry' "s OGS 
program— 35 field survey teams and 20 
special project teams. Because only a 
small percentage of Ontario is mapped 
to detailed-scale standards at present, the 
need for OGS's mapping program is 
vital. Modem maps of the province's 
mineral resources are invaluable to 
resource managers and mineral explorers 

Neariy two-thirds of the 1 14 summer 
field staff and students hired and trained 
by the ministry took part in Precambnan 
mapping programs in 1982-83. The 
students increased not only their practical 
geological knowledge, but also OGS's 
ability to meet its 1982 mapping targets. 

The geological surveys produce maps 
and earth science data for two major user 
groups— the minerals exploration in- 
dustry and the land use planning com- 
munity. The surveys help industry ex- 
plore for metals, construction materials 
and fuels, and also land planners 
in the formation of long-range land use 

Another group of mapping programs 
was more frontier-oriented. MNR teams 
performed basic mapping of extremely 

remote and inaccessible areas. A project 
v\as undertaken in the Meen Lake area, 
for example, which is about halfway bet- 
ween Pickle Crow and Red Lake. The 
project was the first year of a multi-year 
study which will map volcanic and 
sedimentarv rocks of this remote area. 

Another project looked at the ancient 
environments in which the Precambrian 
carbonate rocks in the Grenville 
geological province (in southern Ontario) 
were deposited. The team studied the 
role of stromatolites— algae, to non- 
specialists— in the origin of these rocks. 

The results of the Grenville study will 
assist exploration geologists to detemiine 
mineral deposit environments in this area 
of southern Ontano, which until now has 
remained mostly a geological myster)'. 
The area is a potential source of zinc, 
lead and other minerals. 

In 1982-83, there were several projects 
to facilitate the use of geophysical data. 
A test range was established in the Night 
Hawk Lake area and is already being 
used by major geophysical companies to 
calibrate and check their equipment. 
Results of gravity studies in the Cobalt 
area were processed to derive the con- 
figuration of hidden igneous rocks in the 

Detailed summaries of all of I982's 
OGS field surveys were published under 
the title, MP 106: Siimman of Field 
Work. 1982. in December of 1982. 

Uft: In August. 1982. MNR hosted 
a delegation of industrial minerals 
specialists from the People's 
Republic of China. Here, the delega- 
tion visits the Toronto Brick 

Rii^hl: Geologists with the federal- 
provincial Southern Ontario 
Geological Survey (SOGS) take rock 
samples during one of the eight 
geological survey projects 

Special OGS 
Co-operative Projects 

During the summer of 1982. 20 addi- 
tional field parties surveyed and 
evaluated local mineral resources across 
Ontario. The funds for projects 
were provided by a number of different 
agencies, but OGS managed all the 

Eight projects were carried out under 
the Southem Ontario Geological Survey 
(SOGS) program, which is jointly fund- 
ed by MNR and the federal Department 
of Regional Economic E.xpansion 
(DREE) under the Eastern Ontario Sub- 
sidiary Agreement. 

Five projects were funded by the 
Ministry of Northern Affairs through the 
Northem Ontario Geological Survey 
(NOGS) program. 

Four studies— on uranium deposits, 
gold mineralization, quaternary depctsits 
and ba.sal till— were made as part of the 
Kirkland Lake Initiatives Program 
(KLIP). This program is equally funded 
by the Ministry of Northem Affairs and 
DREE under the Community and Rural 
Resource Development Subsidiary 
Agreement. An unexpected bonus from 
this program was the discovery of 
kimberlite — the source rock for 
diamonds— in the Kirkland Lake area. 

A study of the availability of silica 
sand and clay took place during 1982-83 
with funding from the Ontario Ministry 
of Northem Affairs, under the Northem 
Indu.strial Mineral Survey (NIMS). 

Two additional Precambrian mapping 
projects were made possible with funds 

from the federal and provincial govem- 
ments under the Northem Ontario Rural 
Development Agreement (NORDA). 

Aggregate resource inventones were 
undertaken during 1982-83 in 20 
townships in southem Ontario. MNR is 
outlining and assessing these aggregate 
resources so that municipalities can 
them more efficiently. In the past, ag- 
gregate deposits have been lost because 
some land use plans overiooked their 
potential. This resulted in a locality hav- 
ing to bear the brunt of higher costs of 
transporting aggregate into the area. 
Locally supplied aggregate reduces con- 
struction costs and planned rehabilitation 
of the source area means that land can 
be put to other useful purposes after the 
aggregate operation is finished. 

Some of Tliat 

Which Glitters is Gold 

When most people think of a gold mine, 
they think of grizzled prospectors sifting 
their pans in the Klondike, or of Hum- 
phrey Bogart swinging his pick-axe in the 
Sierra Madre. Gold mining is not quite 
as romantic as it is usually made out to 
be, but its profitability is ncit 

In 1982, a large and significant gold 
deposit was outlined in Ontario at 
Hemlo, on Highway 17, just west of the 
junction with the Manitouwadgc 
highway. It has been estimated that by 
1987, the Hemlo operation could be pro- 
ducing more than 9.3 tonnes (about 
300,000 troy ounces) of gold per year. 
This would make Hemlo one of 
Canada's major gold camps. 

The excitement engendered by the 
Hemlo gold find continued the surge in 
prospecting and development activity in 
Ontario. The current staking msh, which 
began in 1980, has become the fourth 
largest in the province's history. The msh 
continued in 1982, with over 33,000 
claims staked. Gold was certainly the 
brightest light on the Ontario mineoils 
horizon during 1982-83. 

Ministry publications produced by 
OGS were u.sed as practical tools by 
those involved in the Hemlo discovery. 
Pailiculariy useful were a mineral deptisit 
circular dating from 1981 and a 1979 
preliminary map. As well, funding under 
the Ontario Mineral Exploration Pnigmm 
(OMEP) proved to be another practical 
aid w hich was used to advantage by three 
of the companies involved in Hemlo. 

The Hemlo experience underlined the 
danger of writing off an area with respect 
to minerals, even after years of explora- 
tion. At Hemlo, 15 individuals and five 
companies had spent 37 years in- 
vestigating the area's potential before the 
present developers struck paydirt. 

Spurred on by Hemlo's success, the 
ministry continued to study many other 
gold-bearing areas— areas where gold has 
been found in the past and which are now 
being reinvestigated to detemiine their 
present potential. MNR also continued 
to identify and record Ontario's mineral 
resourees for the long and short-temi pur- 
poses of its strategic land use planning. 

Construction Continues 
at Detour Lake 

Detour Lake, about 200 kilometres 
northeast of Timmins, was the scene 
of continuing prospecting and develop- 

ment during 1982-83. Construction and 
op)en-pit mining are under way at the 
Detour Lake project, with the start up of 
underground operations anticipated by 
1987. Detour Lake could become the 
second-largest gold-producing area in 
Canada. By 1988. the combined output 
of Hemlo and Detour Lake will prob- 
ably double Ontario's present gold 

Spreading the Word: 
Alineral Resources Publications 

Our publications will probabl) ne\er 
make the top 10 on the non-fiction best- 
seller lists, but they are extremely 
popular in the mineral resources com- 
munity. In 1982-83. MNR's mineral 
resources .specialists paxiuced more than 
300 publications on the geology and 
mineral resources of Ontario— maps, 
studies, reports, papers, reprints, 
guidebooks and others. 

MNR issues these publications each 
year to provide current geological infor- 
mation and news about the many factors 
affecting mineral resources development 
in Ontario. The documents are needed 
(and used) by a wide clientele— industry', 
other government ministries, agencies 
and uniyersities— to keep abreast of cur- 
rent infomiation and to maintain a good 
inventor)' of background data. 

Policy makers also use our publica- 
tions to deyelop views on Ontario's 
resource potential in the context of world 
markets and trends. In the resource 
policy and planning sphere, effective 
decision-making depends upon a com- 
prehensiye grasp of the technological, 
environmental and economic factors that 
affect the mineral resources sector. 

A number of publications in 1982-83 
took advantage of recent technology to 
make important infomiation ayailable. A 
computer analysis of 1982 statistics for 
Ontario's mineral industry, the 1982 Oii- 
lario Mineral Score, used a laser printer 
linked to MNR's Queen's Park com- 
puter. A more recent dey elopment is the 
Geoscience Data Inventorv Folio 
(GDIF). During fiscal 1982-83.37 of the 
Folios were produced, with many more 
to come. The series replaces the fomier 
Data Series Maps. The Folios' advan- 
tage is that they can be readily 
updated— their standardized page layout 
makes the addition of infomiation 

Each Folio consists of a concise sum- 
mary of all known exploration data for 
the area covered by the Folio. The sum- 
maries are accompanied by location 
maps shoyving mining claim group boun- 
daries. There are also exploration data 
maps show ing the kx^ation of mineral oc- 
currences, drill holes, geophysical 
anomalies and other relevant data. 

The Folio maps are at 1 : 31 .680 scale, 
the same as that used for mining recorder 
claims maps and OGS colored geological 
maps. Now. for the first time, these three 
closely-related publications have a com- 
mon scale, making them highly compati- 
ble, and thus even more useful to those 
whose business activities require them. 

Putting the Public 
in the Picture 

During 1982-83. MNR's mineral 
deposits specialists presented more than 
70 talks and displays at public forums all 
over Ontario. 

One highlight pre.sentation was a three- 
hour symposium on gold— "The 
Geology of Gold in Ontario"— given at 
the Geoscience Research Seminar in 
Toronto in December. 1982. The sym- 
posium was attended by 600 people, and 
was very yvell received. The talks at the 
sympcisium included presentations on In- 
visible Gold (sub-microscopic particles 
of gold); computer softyvare for inter- 
preting earth science infomiation; and the 
applicability of our knoyvledge of 
southyyestem U.S. gold deposits to the 
Ontario situation. The speakers came 
from MNR and various universities. The 
published proceedings of the 
symposium— with an initial mn of 3. (XX) 
copies— sold out almost immediately . 

Our Geological Experts 
Share Their Knowledge 

What's the point of having knowledge 
unless you share it'? Many information- 
sharing sessions yyere organized during 
1982-83 b> OGS geologists to transfeV 
their knoyvledge to industry' and to the 
academic community. 

During 1982. OGS staffers gave 142 
talks and arranged and conducted .some 
56 field trips for groups ranging from in- 
ternational scientific delegations to local 
prospectors' associations. 

About 100 invited guests participated 
in a provincial update on gold in Toron- 
to in March of 1983. Dubbed the Pen- 
trillium Conference (after a parallel U.S. 
conference which meets each year— the 
Penrose), the delegates came in roughly 
equal proportions from industry, and 
from government and universities. In late 

March, 1983. a two-day gold sampling 
seminar was held in Kirkland Lake. 

MNR staff also played host during 
1982 to a delegation of five industrial 
minerals specialists from the People's 
Republic of China. The delegation, 
which arrived in August, was introduc- 
ed to industrial minerals and mineral ag- 
gregate activities in both Ontario and 
Quebec during its three-week visit. 

Geoscience Research Grants 
Surpass $2-million in 
Five Years 

In 1982. grants totalling almost $500,000 
were awarded to seven universities for 
22 research projects under the OGS 
Geoscience Research Grant program. 
The awards brought the program's tlve- 
year total expenditures to more than 

The grants support projects of up to 
three years' duration, which arc of in- 
terest to Ontario's mineral development 
and exploration industry. At the Geo- 
science Research Seminar last 
December, more than 750 registrants 
heard papers summarizing the research 
performed by the grant recipients. 

BILD Funds Close to $l-million 
in Exploration Technology 

In the fiscal year ending March 31. 1983. 
the ministry's Exploration Technology 
Development Fund (ETDF), which is 
administered by OGS. awarded grants 
totalling $984,938 to 16 Ontario-based 
companies. The funding was provided by 
the province's Board of Industrial 
Leadership and Development (BILD). 
BILD is the Ontario Cabinet committee 
which consolidates and co-ordinates im- 
plementation of the government's 
economic development strategy. 

The research grants were for applied 
research and development leading to the 
manufacture and marketing of equip- 
ment, techniques and facilities which 
will promote efficiency in mineral 

At the Research Seminar 
m Toronto, in December. 1982. ETDF 
grant recipients delivered papers and set 
up displays of their work. In the two 
years of ETDF's existence. 29 finns 
have received almost $2-million in grants 
towards the development of exploration 
technology . 

Second GOMILL 
Agreement Signed 

Thanks to funding from the province's 
BILD program, the second GOMILL 
(the Test/Custom Gold Mill Project) was 
signed during 1982-83 with Goldlund 
Mines Ltd. for a property in Sioux 
Lookout. The company is now construc- 
ting a custom milling facility. 

Under the agreements. BILD will pro- 
vide an interest-free, five-year 
forgivable loan to entrepreneurs who 
cannot build their own mills because of 
insufficient capital or volume of proven 
ore. GOMILL is designed to allow bulk 
sampling to give a better indication of 
grade and to see if there are any 
metallurgical processing problems. 

BILD-funded Hydrocarbon 
Energy Resources Program 
on Target 

The BILD-supported Hydrocarbon 
Energy Resources Program completed all 
activities as planned during the 1982-83 
fi.scal year. The projects promote the 
assessment of Ontario's lignite, peat and 
oil shale, petroleum and natural gas 
resources, stimulate private sector 
development, and may contribute to the 
pnwince's energy .self-sufficiency goals. 

Three main projects dealing with the 
province's peat resources were 
undertaken— completion of peat inven- 
tories in the Hearst. Armstrong. Pem- 
broke and Peterborough areas: testing of 
remote sensing methods for peatland 
mapping; and investigation of peat 
chemistry in selected wetland areas of 
northeastern Ontario. 

In addition. 32 drill holes in the 
Chatham. Samia and Port Stanley areas 
were completed, to detemiine the poten- 
tial of oil shales in these areas. The dnll 
holes produced some 4,267 metres of 
drill core. Special projects were commis- 
sioned at the Universities of Waterloo 
and Toronto to examine the drill cores. 

Seven drill holes for lignite (brown 
coal) resource assessment were com- 
pleted in the remote Moose River Basin 
of the James Bay Lowland. Not much 
is known about the subsurface geology 
of the area, and geologists want to find 
out how the lignite-bearing sediments are 
distributed in order to make an evalua- 
tion of lignite as a potential energy 
resource. Lignite deposits were found in 
two of the holes. 

Below: MNR is establishing provin- 
cial Drill Core Storage Libraries so 
that the valuable information con- 
tained in cores like these will be on 
record and available. 

Industrial Mineral Grants 
Offered b> BILD 

Under the Small Rural Mineral Develop- 
ment Program, the Board of Industrial 
Leadership and De\ elopment ( BILD I ot- 
tered S3.37-million in grants to five com- 
panies during 1982-83. The grants v\ill 
encourage overfall capital expendinires of 
at least S14-million. The\ will be used 
to expand a dolostone production opera- 
tion on Manitoulin Island, and to develop 
a granite quarr\ with a cutting and 
pwlishing operation, as well as assist a 
talc operation and a calcium carbonate 
plant in eastern Ontario. The program 
also offered a grant to expand a talc 
operation near Timmins. 

Under the program, the province of- 
fers grants of up to 25 per cent of eligi- 
ble capital costs to businesses seeking to 
expand or to establish new industrial 
mineral operations. 

OMEP Encourages 
Big Exploration Year 

Last year's Ontario Mineral Exploration 
Program (OMEP) was verv active. Dur- 
ing ""1982-83. 149 OMEP'-assisted pro- 
jects were completed— almost triple the 
number of the previous year. Total ex- 
penditures by participants were 
S24-million and total benefits disbursed 
amounted to $4.7-million. 

Under the program, the government 
pro\ ides incentiv es of up to 25 per cent 
of eligible exploration expenditures to 
qualifying operations. Factors con- 
tributing to last year's increased pace of 
exploration included lower inflation and 
interest rates, renewed speculation in 
gold and the stimulus provided b\ the 
successful gold strike at Hemlo. Ontano. 

Mining Taxation 
Revenues Down 

The 1982-83 mining tax revenues in On- 
tario were S26-million. less than half the 
amount collected during 1981-82. 
Though some areas of the mining in- 
dustry experienced losses, there were 
some which did exceptionally well: gold, 
uranium and industrial minerals. The 
lower 1982-83 tax revenues can be at- 
tnbuted to the overall economic slug- 
gishness of the year and worid mineral 

Read Anv Good 
Drill Cores Lately? 

WTiat do you get when you drill hundreds 
of metres into bedrock w ith a diamond 
drill? You get a dnll core— a cross sec- 
tion of the below -surface geology of the 
rock you've drilled. The information in- 
terpreted by geologists from drill cores 
IS cmcial to a company exploring for 
minerals. What's more, the information 
IS ver\ expensive to obtam. 

In the past, drill cores, and the infor- 
mation that they contain, were often 
casuallv placed in boxes and left on the 
ground in the area of the drilling site. As 
a result, pnmarv and subsequent explora- 
tion information was often lost or dam- 
aged. Later, many prospects had to be 
re-drilled at a considerable cost in time 
and money. 

To get around the problem of storing 
drill cores and to make the drill data col- 
lection system in Ontario more efficient. 
MNR has developed a program to 
establish Drill Core Libraries. During 
1982-83. constmction work continued on 
the tlrst three storage facilities, at Tim- 
mins. Kirkland Lake and Sault Stc. 

The storage libraries will save time and 
cut costs for the whole industry, at the 
same time as they help improve the 
overall quality of exploration. 

The libraries are being funded by the 
province's Board of Industrial Leader- 
ship and Development (BILD) at a total 
estimated cost of S5-million. 

Ask Your Friendly 
Neighborhood Geologist 
— Anything 

Dunng fiscal 1982-83. Ontario's 14 
regional and resident geologists had a 
ven, busy year. They fielded hundreds 
of questions about earth science from the 
public, gave seminars, prepared Geo- 
science Data In\ entor>' Folios, conducted 
field tops, gave lectures— all in a day's 
work for them. The geologists are sta- 
tioned in 14 locations throughout On- 
tano. and they function as key links bet- 
ween MNR and the citizens of Ontario. 

Every regional and resident 
geologist's office contains a library of 
both published and unpublished reports. 
Here, the public, as well as members of 
the geological community, have access 
to MNR publications: publications of 
other government agencies: records of 
exploration activity submitted for assess- 
ment work credit; company prospectuses 
and reports from the files of the Ontario 
Securities Commission. 

With the continuation of the three-year 
staking rush in Ontario, the geologists 
had a busy year. But— as hundreds of 
people found out in 1982-83— the resi- 
dent and regional geologists are never too 
busy to assist the public, the geological 
community, or anyone else interested in 
earth science information. 


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Forest Resources 

1982-83 Forest Resources 
Program Highlights 

• Ontario's Crown timber harvest 
was 14.786,521 eubie metres 
in 1982, produeing stumpage 
revenues of $35,036,957. 

• MNR nurseries produced 74.7 
million bare root and container 
seedlings in 1982-83. and the 
ministry contracted privately lor 
5.5 million container seedlings 
through private growers. 

• Under The Fore.stn, Act, MNR 
managed 1 10.846 hectares of 
aiireement forests. 

• The ministrs supervised the 
aerial spraying of herbicides and 
insecticides over 28.685 hectares 
in 1982-83. 

• By March 31. 1983, 13 Forest 
Management Agreements were 
in place, covering 79,597 square 
kilometres, or 32.8 per cent of 
the total area under licence to 
the forest industrv. 

Left: Ontario's forest industrv pro- 
vides direct emplovmcnt for some 
80,000 people. 

Close to 10,000 
and Still Counting 

Since the passage of The Woodlands Im- 
provement Act (WIA) in 1966, MNR 
has been providing the advice and 
assistance of skilled foresters and forest 
technicians to the pnvate woodlot owners 
of Ontario. By March of 1983, there 
were close to 10,000 WIA agreements 
in existence— an impressive testimonial 
to the program's success. 

Under WIA agreements, MNR 
staff ad\ on such things as suitable 
species for growing; thinning, pruning 
and tending measures; .soil erosion pro- 
blems; and wildlife cover. The mini.stiy 
will also plant new trees for the owner— 
who pays for them and protects them. 

To ensure the continuing success of 
these partnerships. MNR wants to keep 
up to date on private land forestry issues 
that affect all the citizens of Ontano. In 
1981-82, MNR surveyed 12.400 rural 
private woodlot owners to gather infor- 
mation on the various present uses of 
pnvate wcx)dlands, as well as on what 
woodlot management activities, if any, 
are currently taking place. 

The results of the survey were publish- 
ed in early 1982 under the title. Rural 
Lands and Landowners of Ontario: A 
Privalc Land Forestry Perspective. 

During 1982-83. ministry foresters 
participated in a public discussion on the 
report's findings. They also produced a 
Green (background) Paper on private 
forestry, entitled Private Land Forests: 
A Public Resource, in October of 1982. 
The two documents provided a focus for 
an active and informative public 

To get a wide cross-section of opin- 
ions and ideas about private land 
forestrv', infomiation was sought and ob- 
tained during 1982-83 from the public, 
from other government ministries, and 
from agencies and universities. MNR 
also encouraged and received written 
submissions from interested parties. In 
all, some 15 public forums were held 
across Ontario to gauge the public pulse 
on private woodlots and forestry. 

What resulted was an impressive 
amount of information. This infomiation 
will be analysed in 1983-84. and will be 
used to fonnulate MNR's recommenda- 
tions in a White (policy proposal) Paper 
on private land forestry. 

Nine New Container Seedling 
Contracts Signed 

Anyone who has ever planted a garden 
knows what a back-breaking job it can 
be. Imagine planting some 55 million 
trees. That's the combined annual out- 
put of container stock produced by the 
Ministry of Natural Resources and the 
private seedling growers with whom it 
has contracts. In fiscal 1982-83, nine 
new contracts were signed, raising 
overall capacity by 13.4 million seed- 
lings a year. 

Why all the interest in growing trees? 
The answer is that the tree seedlings are 
needed as an indirect result of another 
MNR program— Forest Management 
Agreements (FMAs). These are 
agreements between the ministry and 
forest companies for harvesting, replant- 
ing and other silvicultural work in areas 

Left: MNR nurseries pmdueed 74.7 
million bare root and container 
seedlincsin 1982-83. 

in which the companies are operating. 
With almost 80.000 square kilometres of 
producing forests now covered by 
FMAs. there is a huge demand for tree 

The province of Ontjirio's Board of In- 

du.strial Leadership and Development 
(BILD) has provided funds over the past 
two years for expanding existing private 
nursery facilities and developing new 
ones. The facilities are located 
throughout Northern Ontario, close to the 
forests being hanested b\ the indu.Ntr\ . 
As of March 31. 1983.' BILD has an 
estimated capital investment in the pro- 
gram of more than S3.5-million. The 
1982-83 BILD contribution was just over 

The nine new contracts bnng the 
number of existing contracts to 15. The 
combined efforts of MNR nurseries and 
contracted private growers produced 
some 80 million bare root and container 
seedlings during the year. 

New Black Spruce Seed 

Not just any old seed will do when it is 
being used to replant a producti\e forest 
after harvesting. If there's a need for 
forests that will grow quickly, have trees 
with the right size, shape, disease 
resistance and wood qualit\. they must 
start from supenor seeds. A seed orchard 
is a place for producing seeds with these 
desirable qualities. 

In 1982. 1 1 new black spruce seed or- 
chards were planted in MNR's North- 
western Region. The orchards will pro- 
vide a continuous source of desirable 

seeds for regeneration in years to come. 
Eventually, some of the seeds uill be 
stored at the province's main seed 
depository, located in the \illage of 
Angus, just outside Barrie. 

It will be a good 10 to 15 years before 
these orchards can produce enough black 
spruce seeds for collection. But when 
they do begm to produce, the seeds will 
have the special qualities MNR foresters 
have been looking for. The trees which 
will grow from the seeds will be bigger, 
and of better form. 

The White Spruce Cone 
Harvest: it Was a Very Good 

Timmg is crucial in the harvesting of 
white spmce cones. The seeds remain in 
the cones for only a few days after the 
cones have ripened. In 1982. MNR 
monitoring and a touch of technolog\ 
combined to ensure that our regeneration 
targets for white spruce uill be met in 
the future. 

The ministrs constantly monitors cone 
de\elopment and production in Ontario's 
forests. The regeneration of evergreen 
forests depends on it. In 1982. in our 
Northern Region, there was a bumper 
crop of white spruce cones for the first 
time in 13 years. Our monitoring really 
paid off. We were able to take full ad- 
vantage of nature's bounty. 

To harvest the white spruce cones. 
MNR had to mo\e quickl\ . The Fan- 
dnch Cone Harvester helped the effort 
considerably. Developed in British Col- 
umbia as a way of harvesting cones in 
inaccessible areas, the Fandrich machine 
has to be suspended from a helicopter. 

A mesh cage-like device— which con- 
tains an interior tunnel u ith slats in its 
sides— is lowered over a tree and then 
hauled back up. 

In the process, the tree's branches are 
caught in the funnel's slats, which strip 
the cones oft' the branches. When the 
machine leaves the tree, it takes with it 
the cones which contain the precious 

Not all the spaice cones, of course. 
v\'ere harvested in such an ingenious and 
highK technological vva) . Most of them 
had to be obtained in the traditional 
manner— by hand. What counts, how- 
ever, is that the prodigious bounty of the 
1982 white spruce cone crop was not 


Focuses on Progress 

Imagine trying to keep track of more than 
five billion tree seeds bv hand, on inde.x 
cards. That was what MNR's staff fac- 
ed every time an inventory had to be 
made at Ontario's main tree seed 
depository . Fortunately, a great leap for- 
ward was made in the tiling and inven- 
tory system at the depository last year. 

The new system has made life a lot 
easier for those whose task it is to keep 
track of the province's available tree 
seeds. Reports of amounts of seed in 
storage, seed germination test results and 
shipment records formerly took several 
weeks to prepare. The TSI-NOW system 
can provide these reports, as well as 
other, more sophisticated kinds of 
statistical information, within a matter of 
a few minutes. 

The new computerized inventory pro- 
gram now provides the ministry's 
silviculturalists with a complete, up-to- 
date and accurate record. The depository 
contains over five billion seeds fmm over 
60 different species. The seeds are kept 
in cold storage until they're needed for 
direct seeding or for growing nursery 

The TSI-NOW program is stored in 
the ministry's Queen's Park mainframe 
computer, vv ith smaller terminals at the 
depository and at Main Office. All 
available data is immediately accessible 
"on screen". TSI-NOW is a complete- 
ly interactive system, allowing its users 
to "'talk" to it. And the fact that it is writ- 
ten in FOCUS means that our forest 
resources experts can obtain visually ef- 
fective graphic displays, complicated 
calculations, and comparisons of virtual- 
ly any on-line sets of statistics within an 
amazingly short time. The program is 

proving invaluable in the preparation of 
detailed statistical reports, inventory con- 
trol plans and statistical tables. 

Five New Forest Management 
Agreements Signed Last Year 

Development and extension of the 
ministry's Forest Management Agree- 
ment (FMA) program continued 
year. The agreements provide for the 
harvesting and regeneration of the forest 
in which a company is working, as well 
as for the undertaking of all silvicultural 
work— site preparation, regeneration and 
tending. The silvicultural treatments are 
paid for by MNR. 

In 1982-83. five new FM As were 
signed, bnnging to 13 the total number 
of existing agreements. One of the new 
agreements, w ith Waferboard Corp. Inc. 
for the Romeo Malette Forest, was the 
tlrst Forest Management .Agreement be- 
tween the ministry and a non-pulp and 
paper company. The other FM As were 
for the Pineland Forest with Pineland 
Timber Co. Ltd.; and the Nagagami 
Forest with Ontario Paper Co. Ltd.; the 
Manitou Forest with Boise-Cascade 
Canada, and the Seine River Forest, also 
with Boise-Cascade Canada. 

In 1982-83. the province's Board of 
Industrial Leadership and Development 
(BILD) provided close to S7-miIlion to 
assist in constructing access roads and 
carrying out silvicultural operations 
under the agreements. 

By the end of fiscal 1982-83. the 13 
FMAs covered 79.597 square kilometres 
of productive forest, or 32.8 per cent of 
the total forest area under licence to com- 
panies operating in Ontario. 

A company that has entered into an 
FMA prepares management, operating 
and annual plans which are subject to 
MNR approval. Both the management 
and operating plans undergo a public 
review, and must be in accord w ith the 
ministry's strategic land use planning 
goals. Those goals reflect a truly com- 
prehensive approach to forest manage- 
ment. The ministry's objective is to 
manage Ontario's forests for the greatest 
benefits to both the tenants (the forest in- 
dustry) and the owners (the people of 

AFIP Spells Jobs 

for the Forest Industry 

The forest industry provides direct 
employment for 80,000 people in On- 
tano. with a 1982 total value of 
shipments of S7.9-billion. But in the past 
year, woridwide economic problems 

have meant tough times for many of On- 
tario's forest industry workers. Many 
were laid off. putting families, 
communities— even entire regions— 
under a great deal of stress. To provide 
jobs and keep these workers from leav- 
ing communities. MNR initiated the Ac- 
celerated Forest Improvement Program 
(AFIP) during 1982-83, with the co- 
operation of the Canada Employment 
and Immigration Commission (CEIC). 

The ptxigram utilized Section 38 of the 
Unemployment Insurance Act. and of- 
fered laid-off forestry workers an incen- 
tive bonus, coupled with their unemploy- 
ment insurance payments, to work on 
forest improvement projects in their com- 
munities. AFIP has helped forestry- 
dependent communities to retain skilled 
workers, to maintain payrolls, and to sus- 
tain much of their social and economic 

A total of 1,361 laid-off forest industry 
workers were recalled last year, to work 
on some 89 company-sponsored pi^ojects 
under AFIP. They performed almost 
19,000 work-weeks of labor— site 
preparation, tending, silvicultural sup- 
port, timber and forest management, fire 
training and protection, as well as pro- 
duct salvaging. (Almost $300,000 worth 
of wcxxl products were salvaged last year 
under AFIP) 

The province's Board of Industrial 
Leadership and Development (BILD) 
fund provided approximately S5,5- 
million to AFIP for this work. The pro- 
gram's tlrst-year success promises well 
for the future and is an excellent exam- 
ple of how MNR's programs respond to 
practical needs. 

BILD Assists New Waferboard 
Facility in Englehart 

A S3-million grant from the province's 
Board of Industrial Leadership and 
Development, in addition to a S5-miIIion 
provincial loan guarantee, led to the of- 
ficial opening— in July. 1982 — of the 
Grant Waferboard mill in Englehart. TTie 
funds were part of a SI2-million federal- 
provincial package to assist the creation 
of the S30-million facility. 

Waferboard is a composite lumber 
product used mainly in construction. It 
is manufactured from poplar, which has 
traditionally been considered a low-grade 
lumber species. In recent years, wafer- 
board has started to compete w ith con- 
struction grade plywood for a share of 
the market— to the extent that more than 
two dozen new waferboard mills have 
been constructed in Northern Ontario 
over the last few years. 

The Grani mill in Englehart created 
hundreds of Jobs in the area. There were 
175 new jobs in the plant alone, between 
210 and 240 new forestry jobs (to sup- 
ply the mill), and 25 jobs in trans- 

MNR Researchers Develop 
a Grammar of the Forest 

Thanks to the results of a four-year program in which MNR played 
a major part. Ontario foresters will soon 
be speaking the same language when 
they describe forest ecosystems. 
Foresters, as do biologists, use Latin 
names to identify vegetation types and 
tree species. But when it comes to 
describing forest ecosystems— the exact 
type of prevailing vegetation and soil 
conditions of an area — a kind of Babylo- 
nian division of tongues has always ex- 
isted. The Forest Ecosystem Classifica- 
tion Technique— a kind of forestry 
grammar — will change what up to now 
has been a major source of confusion for 
everyone involved in forestry. 

Begun in 1979. the research project in- 
volved .scientists from MNR's Ontano 
Tree Improvement and Forest Biomass 
Institute (OTIFBI). the ministry's Nor- 
them Region Forest Ecologist. and scien- 
tists from Agriculture Canada, the Cana- 
dian Forestry Service and Environment 
Canada. The research team was sup- 
ported by funds from each participating 
group as well as by funds from the 
MNR/DREE Forest Management Sub- 
sidiary Agreement. 

During 1980. the team collected data 
and then used state-of-the-art computer 
techniques to analyse the information. 
Among other variables, they looked at 
correlations between types of 
vegetation— trees, shrubs, mosses, and 
all other fonns of plant life. They also 
examined types of soil conditions, in- 
cluding soil quality, classification, 
drainage and aeration, as well as mineral 
and organic content. 

The result of these studies was a 
method of classifying forest ecosystems 
using scientifically reliable criteria. The 
classification .system will be of great 
to all those who are interested in forestry, 
but will also help logging companies to 
plan pre-cutting activities. The system 
enables foresters to specify forest types 
with precision, and consequently, what 
silvicultural prescriptions will best suit 
an area. Harvesting, and especially 
regeneration techniques, can now for the 
first time be keyed directly and 
specifically to the forest type which they 
will suit. 

For example, the classification system 
can be u.sed to make decisions on 
whether to clear cut or strip cut a forest. 
Similariy. the system can be used as a 
basis for deciding whether to let a forest 
grow back naturally or whether .some 
fonn of artificial seeding or planting 
would be best. 

A handbook for the foresters using the 
.sy.stem was completed in draft fomi dur- 
ing 1982-83. The book will be produc- 
ed with plastic pages, so that foresters 
can it in the field in all weather 

So far. about half of the claybelt area 
of MNR's Northcm Region has been 
studied, though the research team plans 
to expand its work to include forest 
eco.system infomiation for all of Ontario. 
Foresters in our Northem Region are 
already making silvicultural prescriptions 
about harvesting forests based on the new 
classification .system. Response to the 
new system has been enthusiastic, and 
several of the province's major pulp and 
paper companies have decided to begin 
using it immediately. 

The Forest Resources classification 
techniques developed co-operatively by 
the Ministry of Natural Resources will 
herald a new age in forest management 
planning and operations. As more and 
more infomiation about forest types is 
gathered. the ecosystem 

classifications— each one like a filing 
cabinet— will expand and be adapted to 
accommodate the new data. At the same 
time. Ontario's forest resource manage- 
ment, planning and operational efficien- 
cy will grow. 

Working to Control 
Forest Pests 

The spmce budwonn remained the most 
widespread and destmctive forest insect 
in Ontario throughout 1982-83. How- 
ever, the overall area which suffered 
moderate-to-severe defoliation from the 
budwomi decrea.sed by more than half 
from the previous year, to just over eight 
million hectares. 

During 1982-83, MNR carried out 
aerial spraying against spruce budwomi 
over a total of 3.425 hectares in the 
Hearst, Kapuskasing and Temagami 
vicinities. Non-chemical insecticides 

Left: Under The Forestr\ Act. MNR 
managed more than 1 10.000 hectares 
of agreement forests in 1982-83. 

Right: Ontario gave one of MNR's 
two-year-old hybrid poplars to the 
federal government on Sun Day — 
June 21 , 1982— as a symbol of the 
two governments" commitment to 
developing renewable energy 

were applied to 90 per cent of the areas 
treated, which included commercial 
forests, two pix)vincial parks, spruce 
plantations, seed production aiïas and an 
overwintering yard for moose. 

At the same time, the ministry's pro- 
gram to find a biological control method 
for budwomi continued. The major 
developments of last year's progi^am 
were techniques for mass-rearing and 
aerially releasing Trichogramma 
mimitum. a tiny budworm egg parasite. 

MNR also conducted a successfiil 
aerial spraying program over 402 hec- 
tares of mixed-oak forest in the Kaladar 
area to curb the spread of the gypsy 
moth, which has defoliated trees in 
eastern Ontario. During 1982-83, a 
federal-provincial committee was form- 
ed to develop a strategy for managing the 
gypsy moth in Ontario. 

For the second consecutive year, the 
MNR-Canadian Forestry Service co- 
operative program conducted aerial and 
ground surveys to detect the destructive 
European strain of a disease known as 
Scleroderris canker. To date, the fungus 
has not been found in eastern Ontario 
pine forests. 

The root rot fungus Cylindrocladiiim 
has posed a problem recently in several 
southern Ontario nurseries. During 
1982-83, MNR initiated a detailed study 
to evaluate nursery losses, mortality 
among planted seedlings and the effec- 
tiveness of soil fumigants in combating 
the disease. 

One of the major factors limiting the 
survival and gix)wth of new forests is the 
intense competition trees have from other 
vegetation. To ensure that the trees have 
the best opportunity for light, moisture 
and nutrients during cmcial early giDwth, 
other vegetation such as grasses, brush 
and weeds is suppressed by the use of 
herbicides. During 1982-83. 34.660 hec- 
tares of young regenerating forests were 
treated. MNR conducted two-thirds of 
this spraying, while the remaining one- 
third was done by pulp and paper com- 
panies under Forest Management 
Agreements with the ministry. 


Outdoor Recreation 

Parks and Recreational Areas 

1982-83 Parks Program 

• In 1982, Ontario's 133 Provincial 
Parks played host to more than 6 
million visitors. 

• More than 150 delegates from 
MNR attended a four-day Parks 
Superintendents' Conference in 
June. 1982, at the Leslie M. Frost 
Natural Resources Centre in 

MNR parks staff undertook 1 13 
design projects to upgrade, im- 
prove and maintain Ontario's pro- 
vincial parks in 1982-83. 

In early 1983, following the 
Quetico Provincial Park master 
plan review, the ministry reaf- 
firmed the Park's wilderness 

Left: MNR's Conservation Officers 
are its front-line outdoor recreation 
management specialists. 

Candidate Parks Identified 
Through Land Use Planning 

District land use planning was one of the 
main activities for the ministry's staff 
during 1982-83. and our parks specialists 
were no exception. Parks representatives 
attended all the public meetings held in 
connection with land use planning, and 
fielded hundreds of questions from the 
public and special interest groups. 

MNR staff evaluated the public reac- 
tion to a number of candidate provincial 
parks which had been proposed in the 
draft guidelines— wilderness parks, 
natural environment parks, waterway 
parks, nature reserves, recreational parks 
and historical parks. 

The public input and other information 
is to be used to develop a final list of pro- 
posed provincial parks when the District 
Land Use guidelines are completed ear- 
ly in 1983-84. 

Special Employment Program 
Gets Job Done 

As in the mining, forestry, fishery and 
conservation authorities areas, the sjiecial 
employment program for parks was both 
popular and successful during 1982-83. 
The 95 parks projects completed pro- 
vided 1,197 laid-off workers with 16,184 
work-weeks of activity. Funds for the 
program were provided by the province's 
Board of Industrial Leadership and 

The work performed under the pro- 
gram was mainly labor-intensive 
maintenance and upgrading work — 
painting picnic tables and park buildings, 
brushing and clearing hiking and cross- 
country ski trails, painting signs, 
straightening posts in parking lots and 

along roadways— most of which would 
not have been possible without the 
assistance of the spécial employment 

Many Provincial Parks 
Emphasize Ontario's History 

Not too many tourists who visit Wasaga 
Beach are aware that, about 170 years 
ago, the beach reverberated with the 
sound of cannon fire. But visitors to the 
Museum of the Upper Lakes and the 
Nancy Island Historical Site— both 
features of Wasaga Beach Provincial 
Park — can relive the dramatic story of the 
HMS Nancy and the daring exploits of 
her crew. 

During the War of 1812, the Nancy- 
was requisitioned to carry supplies be- 
tween Fort Michilimackinac and a base 
at the mouth of the Nottawasaga River. 
During of 1814, the Nancy was 
hidden in the Nottawasaga River to 
escape marauding U.S. warships, but she 
was discovered and three U.S. warships 
started firing on her. 

Outnumbered and outgunned, the 
Nancy caught fire, bumed to the 
waterline and sank. The crew, however, 

They sailed across Lake Huron by 
open boat, bound for Fort 
Michilimackinac. There they found the 
fort besieged by the same three U.S. 
warships. In a daring nighttime raid, the 
Nancy's crew boarded the American 
vessels, captured two, and used them to 
rout the third. 


Over the years, time, tides, and the 
weather took their toll on the remains of 
the Ncincy. until MNR's parks staff step- 
ped in. During 1982-83. work was com- 
pleted on a structure which houses the 
hyones of the Nancy. The climate- 
controlled building— really an en- 
vironmental enclosure — provides view- 
ing ramps and ports which allow visitors 
a unique look at history'. 

MNR's provincial parks staff have 
developed the Nancy site— and hundreds 
of other culturally and historically in- 
teresting sites like it across the 
province— as part of their continuing pa> 
gram to accent the cultural and historical 
heritage of Ontario. 

Other Cultural Heritage 
Program Highlights 

MNR staff also initiated several co- 
operative cultural heritage projects with 
other ministries during 1982-83. 

For example, the Ministry of Northern 
Affairs funded the installation of a new 
interpretive display and the upgrading of 
the hiking trail at the Agawa Bay Indian 
pictograph site in Lake Superior Provin- 
cial Park. 

The park's pictographs— pictures 
painted centuries ago on the rocky Lake 
Superior shoreline— are best visited when 
the lake is relatively calm. 

The largest of the rock paintings at 
Agawa Bay commemorates the crossing 
of Lake Superior by about 50 men in four 
or five large canoes. According to the 

pictographs. the trip la.sted four days, and 
was safely completed only by the in- 
tercession of Misshepezhieu. the great 
lynx and demi-god of the lake. 

Also with MNA funding. Marten 
River Provincial Park's tum-of-the- 
century logging camp and museum were 
improved during 1982-83. The original 
camp is being reconstructed in order to 
give park visitors an idea of what life and 
conditions were like for Northern Ontario 
lumberjacks some 80 years ago. 

And. under the Northem Ontario Rural 
Development Agreement (NOR- 
DA). a consultant's study was under- 
taken during 1982-83 to determine the 
economic feasibility of establishing a 
reconstructed 1 920s clay belt famistead 
in Greenwater Provincial Park, near 

Not All Museums 
are Indoors 

Logging originated in the Chapleau 
region in the 1880s. when the construc- 
tion of the transcontinental railway 
through the area created a high demand 
for railway ties. Today, the eariy bush 
camps are rotting and o\ergrown. and 
lumberjacks' memories arc fading fast. 
But at Wakami Lake Provincial Park, 
visitors are invited to experience the 
golden age of logging and share an im- 
portant part of Ontario's heritage. 

In the park, located between Chapleau 
and Sudbury, visitors can stroll along a 
forested path from display to display in 
an outdoor logging museum. In 1982-83. 
the museum's exhibits were protected b\ 
the construction of specially-designed 
shelters. The hiking ti^il was also im- 
proved by the addition of new inter- 

pretive displays and new descriptive texts 
for the exhibits. This work was aided by 
funds from the special employment pro- 
gram for parks. 

At Murphys Point Provincial Park. 
near Perth, the special employment pro- 
gram for parks also made possible the 
renovation and repair of several historical 
buildings, part of a pioneer farmstead 
built inside what are now the parks 
boundaries. Not only are the famistead 
buildings of historic interest, they also 
serve as a trail centre for the park's year- 
round hiking and cross-country skiing 

How to Make Time Stand Still 

Petroglyphs Provincial Park, northeast of 
Peterborough, is the site of a number of 
rock car\ings, or petroglyphs. which 
may have been made by Algonkian 
peoples or. as recently theorized, by Nor- 
dic explorers. The carv ings are thought 
to be between 500 and 1 .000 > ears old. 
and are a source of fascination to park 

During 1982-83. MNR worked with 
the Canadian Conservation Institute on 
a study to identify the major causes of 
deterioration at the site, and to come up 
with some solutions to the paiblem. The 
study found that the canings are 
deteriorating because of algae growth, 
erosion, frost damage and exposure. The 
petroglyphs are carved in a soft marble 
which the ancient artists found rather 
easy to manipulate. But the marble's 
softness also makes it highly vulnerable 
to the effects of nature. MNR is now 
considering several possible solutions— 
to preserve the site and minimize future 

Left: Ontario's 133 Provincial Parks 
hosted more than 6 million visitors in 

Park Superintendents' 
Meeting a First 

Ontario's provincial parks are vastly dif- 
ferent in scope and nature. But the peo- 
ple who manage them have one thing in 
common. Parks superintendents are all 
extremely busy, and their responsibilities 
don't give them much time to get 
together. However, they did get an op- 
portunity to meet as a group for the first 
time in June. 1982. 

Over 150 delegates from the provin- 
cial parks, MNR districts, regions and 
Main Office attended a four-day con- 
ference at the Leslie M. Frost Natural 
Resources Centre in Dorset, to share 
mutual concerns and discuss common 

The conference featured panel discus- 
sions between the superintendents and 
user interest groups; workshops on 
customer relations and marketing 
strategies; plus in-service and training 
updates. Of special interest to the 
managers were an exhibit and trade show 
featuring the products of more than 50 
companies dealing in parks-related 
equipment— tractors, cash registers, 
lawnmowers, electronics, chain-saws 
and other tools— in short, all the varied 
equipment and machinery necessary to 
run a provincial park effectively. 

Spirit of Volunteerism 
Sweeps Parks 

It's no secret that we live in difficult 
economic times. The Ministry of Natural 
Resources developed programs during 
1982-83 which allow for much greater 
community involvement in natural 
resources areas than ever before. And 
MNR has discovered something: with 
the right kind of planning, government 
can often provide worthwhile programs 
to the public which are not necessarily 
at public expense— services which the 
ministr)' normally would not be able to 

Wherever Ontario's provincial parks 
system can benefit from the participation 
of interested, competent people— chances 
are that a corps of able volunteers is 
ready to help out. 

Take the case of Fathom Five Provin- 
cal Park, on the Bruce Peninsula. The 
park's excellent underwater diving 
potential has long made it a favorite of 
diving enthusiasts and clubs. But 
demands on the park were so great that 
MNR was hard-pressed to keep up with 

So MNR .sought help from local div- 
ing clubs. These organizations agreed to 
provide volunteers to patrol the park and 
its waters, to give first-time divers orien- 
tation instruction, and to ensure that all 
park users meet the .safety regulations. 
The volunteer pnogram was made official 
in a formal agreement which was sign- 
ed by the ministry and the Ontario 
Underwater Council. 

During 1982-83. the Council provid- 
ed more than 1 ,000 hours of volunteer 
seiA/ice to the park, and was presented 
with an honorary scroll in March, 1983 
in recognition of its efforts. 

Other volunteer projects last year in- 
cluded work on park planning, visitors' 
interpretive programs and general park 

A special series of lectures on ar- 
chaeology was also given at various pro- 
vincial parks by a retired ROM staff- 
er who volunteered his services. 

We're Keeping Ontario's 
Provincial Parks First Class 

Maintaining a high quality system of pro- 
vincial parks in today's economic climate 
is not an easy job. In the last fiscal year. 
MNR parks staff undertook 1 13 design 
projects and completed 95— all for the 
upgrading, development and improve- 
ment of Ontario's provincial parks. 

MNR parks staff established their pro- 
ject priorities by paying attention to the 
comment cards which visitors fill out. 
And most of the 1982-83 projects were 
at the top of the of park users' 
priorities: adding hot water or .showers 
to comfort stations: renovating park 
buildings; doing electrical installations 
and repairs; adding to or improving 
sewage and water systems; and improv- 
ing park roadways. This work was 
assisted by MNR's regular summer stu- 
dent and junior ranger programs, and by 
the BILD-funded special employment 
program for parks. 


1982-83 \MldIife 
Program Highlights 

• Two sets of peregrine falcons 
were released from the Whitney 
Block at Queen's Park during the 
summer of 1982. 

• The selective deer harvest program 
and a mild winter in 1982-83 

pro\ ed beneficial to deer popula- 
tions throughout central and 
Northern Ontario. 

More than 1 .600 adult Canada 
geese were relocated to reduce the 
number of nesting pairs in the 
Toronto waterfront area. 

In 1982-83, the ministry completed 
a six-year study of the effects of 
cottage development on lakeshore 

Left: MNR's selective deer harvest 
program is designed to protect faw ns 
and females in areas where there is 
stress on the population. 

Relocating the Metro Geese 

The rcMtalization of the Toronto water- 
front in recent years has attracted lots of 
attention from tourists and city-dwellers 
alike. But it's not humans who en- 
joy the watertront area. Canada geese 
love it. too. because Metro's waterfront 
provides them with an ideal nesting and 
habitat site. 

Usually. Canada geese are a welcome 
addition to any natural setting. But too 
many of them can be too much of a good 
thing, and as many as 3.000 have been 
counted along the Toronto waterfront at 
one time. This causes problems for the 
various agencies tr) ing to provide clean 
recreational facilities along the 

The Ministry of Natural Resources, in 
co-operation w ith the Canadian Wildlife 
Senice. Ontario Place and the Metro 
Toronto Parks Department, began 
management measures several years ago 
to relocate the Metro geese. The objec- 
tive is to reduce the number of nesting 
pairs of Canada geese to about 50, by 
moving the excess geese and their eggs 
to other parts of Ontario. Canada, and 
the U.S.. where Canada geese are not 

In 1982. 578 goose eggs were col- 
lected and shipped to the Fort Frances 
and Pembroke Districts of MNR. as v\ell 
as to Nova Scotia. In addition. 1,668 
Canada geese were rounded up and sent 
to the Owen Sound and Huronia Districts 
of MNR. as well as to Arkansas and 
Ohio. This reduced the number of 
nesting pairs along the Toronto water- 
front by more than 50 per cent. 

Nongame and Endangered 
Species Program Broadens 

MNR's nongame and endangered 
species program has e\olved over the 
years into a truly comprehensive pro- 
gram. Its components include: identify- 
ing and assessing rare, threatened, or en- 
dangered species: developing manage- 
ment measures to protect threatened 
species; de\eloping co-operative pro- 
grams with other agencies: contracting 
research: and developing systems for 
data storage and retrieval . The program 
also conducts research and makes recom- 
mendations on matters regarding the 
development of nongame and en- 
dangered species policies. 

In 1982, two sets of peregrine falcons 
were released from the Whitney Block 
at Queen's Park: two males in July and 
four females in August. In May. 1982. 
one of the four peregrines from last 
year's release project returned. The 
falcon was identified as a male— leg band 
number 1P9— and was later named 
•Whitney" by MNR staffers. 

The falcon's return was an encourage- 
ment to the peregrine release project, 
which for se\ eral years has been attempt- 
ing to re-e.stablish a breeding population 
of this endangered species in Ontario. 

MNR has also studied and developed 
management guidelines for such 
nongame species such as the osprey. the 
red-shouldered hawk, and the spotted 
turtle, to name onK a few . In addition, 
the ministr>' has undertaken a stauis study 
of Ontario's snapping Uirtles, and has in- 
vestigated the management requiitments 
of the small-\v horied pogonia. a highly 
endangered plant species. 



Lakeshore Capacity 
Study Completed 

Can loons be loved to death? What hap- 
pens when people build cottages near the 
loons" habitat? Do the cottages destroy 
the environment of the ver\ wildlife 
species which the cottagers have left the 
city to enjoy? 

These and other questions received 
some answers in 1982-83 upon comple- 
tion of a six-year study of lakeshore 
capacity requested by the Ministrv' of 
Municipal Affairs; and Housing. MNR 
studied over 100 lakes and a wide varie- 
ty of wildlife species— loons, deer, frogs, 
salamanders, hawks, songbirds and 

We discovered that loons can be 
loved to death. Often, when people 
approach loons too closely, it puts too 
much stress on the young birds. In an ef- 
fort to escape, they will dive into the 
water and diDwn. No loon-watchers want 
this to happen, of course, but people are 
completely unaware that they pose such 
a threat to the birds. 

The study also showed that when cot- 
tages are built on lakeshores. the 
buildings can remove or disturb nesting 
sites. And that's a sure way to reduce the 
loon population. 

Cottage constmction on lakeshores can 
reduce or impair other wildlife habitats, 
too. Mink. deer, and red-shouldered 
hawks are all adversely affected, while 
other species seem to find the lawns and 
open areas created by cottages ideal 
places in which to live. 

After MNR staffers had analysed the 
results of the study, they developed a set 
of guidelines for cottage area develop- 
ment which would minimize the disrup- 
tion to wildlife. 

A computer model of all the factors 
which have to be considered in the 
development of cottages on lakeshore 
properties was also prepared. Now plan- 
ners can test different cottage develop- 
ment activities and determine which ones 
are least damaging to local wildlife. The 
computer model is an effective new plan- 
ning tool which can help conserve 
wildlife habitats and still let cottagers en- 
joy the natural outdoor environment. 

Wildlife Brochure Useful 
to Hunters, Naturalists 

In 1982. MNR's wildlife specialists 
prepared a revised edition of Wildlife 
Management Areas in Ontario, a 
brochure of interest to hunters and 
naturalists ahke. It pixjvides brief descrip- 
tions and maps of areas in southern On- 
tario which MNR manages for wildlife 
and outdoor recreation actixities— 
hunting, wildlife viewing, photography, 
hiking, archen, . trap-shooting, cross- 
counlr\ skiing and beny-picking. The 
booklet also describes the two kinds of 
wildlife management areas that ha\e 
been developed in southern Ontario by 
the ministry: Provincial Wildlife Areas 
and Wildlife Extension Landowner 
Agreement Areas. 

Provincial Wildlife Areas are open all 
year and most of them pemiit hunting 
during the open seasons. Six of these 
areas are inside provincial parks, where 
watert'owl or pheasant hunting is allow- 
ed, but where other activities may be 

Wildlife Extension Landowner Agree- 
ment Areas are privately owned but 
maintained co-operatively by the land- 
owners and MNR. The owners pemiit 
public access to the wildlife resources on 
the property in return for the ministry's 
assistance with wildlife management. 
Some of these areas have been developed 
exclusiveK for wildlife viewing. Hunt- 
ing is pemiitted in the rest except w ithin 
zones which are posted with 'No Hunt- 
ing" signs. 

Booklet Available on 
White-tailed Deer 

MNR specialists also revised and up- 
dated the booklet. Tlie Wme-Tailed Deer 
in Ontario, in 1982-83. This 35-page 
booklet describes the life historv . biology 
and habitats of this popular game species. 
The delicate nauiral balance between the 
deer, their natural predators and man is 
also discussed. The new booklet details 
MNR's selective deer harvest program 
w hich is designed to protect the breeding 
female segment of the herd and thus 
allow the herd to increase closer to the 
canrving capacitv of the deer range. 

Tlie Wliite-Tailed Deer in Ontario is 
not onlv helpful to hunters, but also to 
naturalists, consen ationists and students. 
It contains photographs and tables, as 
well as a map of the distribution of the 
white-tailed deer in Ontario. The 
brochure can be obtained bv contacting 
the Communications Sen ices Branch of 
the Ministry of Natural Resources at 
Queen's Park. MNR district offices 
across the province, and the Ontario 
Government Bookstore. 

Left: Waterfowl habitat improvement 
projects were an important part of 
MNR's special employment program 
for fisheries and wildlife. 

Sommaire du rapport amiuel 

du Ministère des Richesses naturelles pour 
l'exercice terminé le 31 mars 1983 

Message du ministre 

Alors que je passe en revue les nombreux 
résultats obtenus au cours de l'année 
budgétaire 1982-1983, je suis heureux de 
constater que nous avons continué à 
réaliser d'importants programmes por- 
tant sur les ressources naturelles tout en 
en créant bon nombre de nouveaux, 
malgré une époque de restrictions 
budgétaires qui affectent toutes les ac- 
tivités du ministère. 

Le programme d'emploi que nous 
avons lancé en 1982, conjointement avec 
le ministre fédéral de l'Emploi et de l'Im- 
migration, a été un des véritables succès 
de l'an dernier. Le programme spécial de 
création d'emploi a fourni des débouchés 
aux travailleurs spécialisés mis à pied 
dans les domaines de la foresterie, des 
mines, des loisirs de plein air et autres. En 
outre, il leur a permis de demeurer dans 
leurs collectivités. 

En 1982-1983, près de 6 000 
travailleurs se sont partagés près de 
90 000 semaines d'emploi. Je suis très 
heureux que, par l'entremise du Conseil 
de leadership et de développement in- 
dustriel (CLDI), notre gouvernement ait 
financé la part de l'Ontario, qui s'est chif- 
frée à 20 millions de dollars. 

En 1982-1983, la consultation avec le 
public a été un facteur-clé de nos activités 
de planification des ressources. Au cours 
de l'année, nous avons tenu 18 tribunes 
publiques sur les forêts privées et 200 
réunions sur les directives d'aménage- 
ment du territoire des districts. Ces der- 
nières ont permis aux planificateurs du 
ministère de juger des réactions du 
public, de repérer les questions-clés et 
d'en tenir compte lors de l'établissement 
des directives finales. Au mois de janvier 
1983, j'ai rencontré personnellement les 
représentants de 27 groupes d'intérêts 
spéciaux pour obtenir leurs commentaires 
et connaître leurs préoccupations à pro- 
pos de ces directives. 

Les activités d'aménagement du ter- 
ritoire représentent 10 ans d'étude et de 
planification poussées grâce auxquelles 
nous avons franchi une étape importante 
dans l'atteinte de notre objectif de gestion 
intégrée des ressources en Ontario. 

Au cours de la dernière année d'im- 
position, nous avons signé cinq ententes 
de gestion forestière, dont la première 
jamais signée avec une société qui n'est 
impliquée d'aucune façon dans le do- 
maine des pâtes et papiers. 

Une fois de plus, la consultation avec le 
public a joué un rôle important dans ces 
ententes. En 1982-1983, nous avons tenu 
de nombreuses réunions d'information 
dans le Nord à ce sujet. 

Au 31 mars 1983, 13 ententes de ges- 
tion forestière étaient en vigueur. Elles 
couvrent une superficie de près de 80 000 
kilomètres carrés, soit 32,8 pour cent de 
la superficie totale pour laquelle des per- 
mis ont été accordés à l'industrie 
forestière ontarienne. Nous sommes très 
fiers des progrès que nous avons ac- 
complis dans le cadre du programme des 
ententes de gestion forestière, qui a été 
inauguré en 1980. 

Un autre événement marquant de l'année 
budgétaire 1982-1983 a été l'achat par le 
ministère de deux avions-citernes 
Canadair CL-2 15. qui sont les avions les 
plus perfectionnés pour lutter contre les 
incendies de forêts. Ces deux appareils 
permettront au ministère de réagir rapide- 
ment et efficacement aux incendies et 
l'aideront à atteindre ses objectifs dans la 
lutte contre les incendies de forêts en 

Au cours de l'année budgétaire 
1982-1983, nous avons également 
stimulé la prospection et la mise en valeur 
des mines. D'importantes opérations 

d'extraction de l'or à Hemlo et à Sioux 
Lookout, et des projets de prospection et 
de mise en valeur dans d'autres com- 
munautés, ont reçu l'appui du Pro- 
gramme ontarien d'exploration minière, 
du Programme des ressources énergéti- 
ques en hydrocarbures et du Fonds de 
développement des technologies de pros- 
pection financé par le CLDI, pour n'en 
nommer que quelques-uns. Hemlo, en 
particulier, a mis en lumière l'industrie 
minière et a souligné la valeur des pro- 
grammes de financement et de recherche 
du ministère. 

Nous avons aussi encouragé les 
groupes communautaires et les personnes 
intéressées, à travers l'Ontario, à par- 
ticiper activement au Programme de par- 
ticipation communautaire aux pêches. Ce 
programme offre aux bénévoles des com- 
munautés locales l'occasion de travailler 
avec nos gestionnaires des ressources 
pour mener à bien d'importants projets 
portant sur la faune et les pêches. La réac- 
tion enthousiaste et l'appui de ces 
bénévoles nous ont grandement fait 

Les nombreux projets que le ministère 
a commencés ont une portée et une 
ampleur considérables. Que nous 
parlions de l'élaboration d'une politique 
de gestion des plaines inondables, du 
Livre vert sur les forêts privées, de la 
création d'une Collection provinciale de 
carottes de sondage, du programme de 
cartographie de base de l'Ontario ou de 
nos découvertes en technologie de 
télédétection, nous pouvons être fiers du 
rôle de premier plan que le MRN a con- 
finué à jouer pour faire en sorte qu'au- 
jourd'hui comme à l'avenir, les 
ressources naturelles de l'Ontario^oient 
bien utilisées et appréciées. 

En jetant un coup d'oeil rétrospectif sur 
les résultats que nous avons obtenus, je 
suis très heureux de ce qu'a accompli le 
ministère en 1982-1983 et je me réjouis 
à l'avance des résultats plus importants 
qu'il obtiendra dans les années à venir. 


Alan W. Pope 


du sous-ministre 

Le ministère des Richesses naturelles, en 
tant que tel, existe depuis 10 ans. Ces an- 
nées stimulantes nous ont offert de nom- 
breux défis et permis de réunir une équipe 
supérieurement qualifiée et spécialisée. 
Et puisqu'en 1982-1983 nous n'avons pas 
pu échapjjer à la nécessité de nous 
soumettre aux restrictions budgétaires, 
les pressions exercées sur réquif)e du 
MRN se sont aggravées. Il est devenu de 
plus en plus difficile de continuer à offrir 
des programmes de ressources efficaces, 
et nous avons tous dû faire davantage ap- 
pel à notre expertise et à notre ingéniosité. 

Je suis très heureux de pouvoir dire que 
l'équipe du MRN a relevé les défis que 
présente le climat économique actuel, et 
je suis persuadé que la clé de notre suc- 
cès a été le personnel. 

Ce personnel a fait constamment 
preuve de savoir-faire dans la création de 
moyens ingénieux et avantageux p)our of- 
frir nos programmes à la population de 
l'Ontario. Parmi les exemples qui me 
viennent à l'esprit, je cite les programmes 
spéciaux de création d'emploi, la concep- 
tion d'une stratégie détaillée de loisirs sur 
les terres de la Couronne, notre politique 
des chemins d'accès aux forêts, notre 
production d'arbres de plantation sous 
contrat, nos nombreux projets de par- 
ticipation aux pêches, nos services d'aide 
à la gestion des forêts privées et l'élabora- 
tion de nos programmes de récolte sélec- 
tive de gros gibier. 

Ne mentionner que quelques-uns des 
nombreux programmes du ministère ne 
rend pas justice à l'excellent travail du 
personnel qui les a rendus possibles. Je 
pense tout spécialement aux efforts ac- 
complis non seulement par les personnes 
qui oeuvrent directement avec le public, 
mais aussi par celles qui planifient et ad- 
ministrent ces programmes. Beaucoup se 
sont occupés, au cours de cette année 
budgétaire, de perfectionner l'efficacité 
des communications, de l'action positive, 
du système informatique de gestion et du 
fonctionnement des systèmes. 

Pour bien servir l'Ontario et faire face 
énergiquement aux défis quotidiens com- 
me nous l'avons fait par le passé, chacun 
de nous doit renouveler son engagement 
à faire du ministère un organisme dévoué 
et créateur pour le reste de la décennie. 
Chaque jour, je suis le témoin de cet 
engagement de la part du personnel du 
ministère et je suis persuadé qu'il se 

Gestion des ressources 

Comment sont formés les dépôts de 
minéraux? Où les trouve-t-on? Ces ques- 
tions et bien d'autres servent de base à 
l'étude qu'effectue la Commission 
géologique de l'Ontario à la surface et la 
sous-surface des ressources minérales de 
la province. 

Les cartes que produit le ministère, 
dans le cadre de son programme de car- 
tographie, sont d'une valeur inestimable 
pour les directeurs de ces ressources et les 
explorateurs. En 1982-1983, 55 équipes 
ont réalisé des travaux de cartographie 
pour la Commission. 

En décembre 1982, la Commission a 
publié des sommaires détaillés de toutes 
les études sur le terrain qu'elle a ac- 
complies. Dans 20 cantons du Sud de 
l'Ontario, on a procédé à l'inventaire des 
ressources d'agrégats. 

Rappelons qu'en 1982, un important 
dépôt d'or a été découvert à Hernlo, en 
Ontario, juste à l'est du carrefour des 
autoroutes 17 et Manitouwadge. On 
prévoit que d'ici 1987, l'exploitation 
d'Hemlo pourrait produire 9,3 tonnes 
d'or par année, ce qui classerait cette 
mine parmi les plus importantes au 

Également au cours de l'année, les ex- 
perts du groupe des ressources minérales 
du ministère ont publié près de 300 
ouvrages traitant de la géologie et des 
ressources minérales de l'Ontario. 

Autres faits sur la gestion des 
ressources minérales pour 1982-1983 

• L'Ontario a produit 33 pour cent de 
l'ensemble de la production de 
minéraux métalliques et 40 pour cent de 
la production de matériaux structuraux 
du Canada. 

• La valeur estimée de la production 
minérale taxable selon la Loi de l'im- 
pôt sur l'exploitation minière a été de 
2 500 000 000$ et elle a procuré un 
revenu de 26 000 000$ à la province. 

• La Commission géologique de l'On- 
tario a dirigé 40 projets ordinaires de 
levés sur le terrain et 21 équipes 
travaillant sur le terrain pour le compte 
d'autres organismes. 

• Au total, la Commission géologique de 
l'Ontario a produit 76 rapports et 191 
cartes géoscientifiques. 

W.T. Foster 

Programme minier 

• La valeur totale de la production 
minière de l'Ontario a été de 
3 100 000 000$. 

• Dans le cadre du Programme ontarien 
d'exploration minière (POEM), les 
participants ont consacré 24 000 000$ 
à 149 projets qui ont été menés à bien. 

• On estime que les dépenses de l'in- 
dustrie de la prospection minière ont at- 
teint 100 000 000$. 

• Les travaux de prospection et de 
développement à Hernlo et au lac 
Detour portent à croire que ces deux 
sites doubleraient la production on- 
tarienne d'or d'ici 1988. 

Gestion des ressources 

Au mois de mars 1983, le ministère des 
Richesses naturelles avait signé 10 000 
ententes avec des propriétaires privés en 
vertu de la Loi sur le reboisement qui a 
été adoptée en 1966. 

Au cours de l'année, le ministère a 
publié les résultats d'une enquête menée 
auprès de 12 400 propriétaires de lots 
boisés privés pour connaître les utilisa- 
tions qu'ils font de leurs lots. 

Afin d'assurer un approvisionnement 
continu en graines d'épinettes noires, on 
a semé 1 1 lots de cette espèce dans la 
région du Nord-Ouest de l'Ontario. 

En 1982. la région nord du ministère 
a connu une récolte exceptionnelle de 
cônes d'épinettes blanches, pour la 
première fois depuis 13 ans. 

Le ministère possède maintenant un 
système informatique d'inventaire qui lui 
fournit un rapport précis des cinq 
milliards de graines qu'il entrepose. Ces 
graines proviennent de plus de 60 espèces 

L'industrie forestière procure de 
l'emploi à 80 000 personnes en Ontario. 
Cependant, plusieurs travailleurs ont été 
mis à pied au cours de l'année. Pour 
empêcher ces travailleurs de quitter leurs 
collectivités et leur procurer de l'emploi, 
le ministère a mis sur pied, en 1982-1983, 
son Programme accéléré d'aménagement 
forestier, en collaboration avec Emploi et 
Immigration Canada et le Conseil de 
leadership et de développement industriel 
(CLDI). Par l'entremise de ce pro- 
gramme, 89 projets ont été réalisés par 
1 36 1 travailleurs forestiers qui se sont 
partagés 19 000 semaines d'emploi au 

Un groupe d'experts de divers 
organismes a préparé un système de 
classement— sorte de grammaire— qui 
sera très utile à tous ceux qui s'intéressent 
à la sylviculture. Une première ébauche 
du volume regroupant les termes techni- 
ques propres à ce secteur a été complétée 
cette année. 

Autres faits sur les ressources 

• La récolte de bois de la Couronne en 
Ontario s'est chiffrée à 14 786 521 
mètres cubes et les droits de coupe 
ont produit un revenu de plus de 
35 000 000$. 

• Les pépinières du MRN ont produit 

74.7 millions déjeunes plants déracinés 
ou en pots et le ministère a passé des 
contrats avec des pépiniéristes privés 
pour la livraison de 5,5 millions de 
jeunes plants en pots. 

• En vertu de la Loi sur les forêts, le 
MRN a géré 1 10 846 hectares de forêts 
régies par une entente de gestion. 

• Le ministère a supervisé la pulvérisa- 
tion aérienne d'herbicides et d'insec- 
ticides sur 28 685 hectares de forêts en 

• En collaboration avec le Conseil de 
leadership et de développement in- 
dustriel, 13 ententes de gestion 
forestière avaient été conclues, au 31 
mars 1983. Ces ententes couvraient 
79 597 kilomètres carrés de forêts, soit 

32.8 pour cent de la surface totale pour 
laquelle des permis ont été accordés à 
l'industrie forestière. 

Loisirs de plein air 

Les rives du lac Ontario, dans la région 
métropolitaine de Toronto, sont devenues 
les endroits préférés des Bemaches du 
Canada. Depuis des années, le ministère 
des Richesses naturelles cherche à les 
reloger et à réduire à environ 50 le nom- 
bre de couples reproducteurs de cette 
espèce. Cette année, on a expédié des 
bemaches et des oeufs de bemaches dans 
diverses régions de l'Ontario, du Canada 
et des Etats-Unis. 

Le ministère a aussi émis une série de 
directives concernant les zones où la 
constmction de chalets risque de détruire 
l'habitat du huard. 

En plus de la révision d'une brochure 
sur les différentes sortes de zones de ges- 
tion de la faune des régions du Sud de 
l'Ontario, les experts du ministère ont 
mis à jour une autre brochure qui décrit 
l'évolution, la biologie et l'habitat du 
Cerf de Virginie. 

Le programme de récolte contrôlée du 
chevreuil, mis sur pied par le ministère en 
1980, a connu des résultats positifs en 
1982-1983 puisque de nombreux 
chasseurs et non chasseurs ont rapporté 
avoir vu beaucoup plus de chevreuils 
dans le Centre et le Nord de l'Ontario. 

Une des principales activités du 
ministère en 1982-1983 a été l'élabora- 
tion des plans d'aménagement du ter- 
ritoire des districts. La population a été 
invitée à exprimer ses commentaires au 
sujet d'un certain nombre de parcs pro- 
posés et le personnel du ministère a fait 

l'analyse des propositions soumises. Les 
directives d'aménagement du territoire 
des districts seront complétées au début 
de 1983-1984. 

Prédire si la population des ours noirs, 
des chevreuils ou des originaux 
diminuera ou augmentera dans 20 ans 
n'est plus chose impossible grâce à l'or- 
dinateur. Les chercheurs du ministère 
utilisent maintenant les renseignements 
fournis par ce précieux instmment pour 
modifier les plans de gestion de la faune 
afin qu'ils soient plus efficaces. 

Au cours de l'année budgétaire, le per- 
sonnel des parcs du ministère a entrepris 
1 13 projets d'amélioration, d'exploitation 
ou de mise en valeur. De ce nombre, 95 
ont été complétés. 

Autres faits concernant les loisirs 
de plein air pour 1982-1983 

• Les stations piscicoles du MRN ont 
produit 6 312 000 poissons. 

• 3 140 000 poissons ont été relâchés 
dans les Grands Lacs. 

• Les pêches commerciales de l 'Ontario 
ont récolté quelque 34 110 293 
kilogrammes de poisson représentant 
une valeur de 36 788 345$. 

• Depuis 1979, on a analysé 4 130 
échantillons d'eau prélevés à 2 875 
emplacements afin d'établir la suscep- 
tibilité des lacs ontariens aux dépôts 

• Dans le cadre du Programme de par- 
ticipation des collectivités aux f)êches. 
quelque 3 300 journées de travail 
bénévole ont été consacrées à 22 pro- 
jets approuvés. 

Gestion des terres et 
des eaux 

D'importants projets d'aménagement des 
terres et des eaux ont été complétés ou en- 
tamés au cours de l'année 1982-1983 et 
la consultation publique a joué un rôle 
majeur dans les prises de décision à pro- 
pos de ces projets. 

De nouvelles techniques de car- 
tographie sont apparues et les cartes 
topographiques de la province ont été 
mises à jour. 

Le Centre ontarien de télédétection du 
ministère a reçu un octroi de 3 000 000$ 
du Conseil de leadership et de développe- 
ment industriel (CLDI) pour la moder- 
nisation de son matériel de programma- 
tion et l'élargissement de son programme 
de formation. 

Suite à la révision de la politique de 
location des terres de la Couronne, des 
clubs sportifs se sont vus confier une par- 
tie de la gestion des pistes d'hiver qu'ils 

Le Canada. l'Ontario et le Québec ont 
signé, pour la première fois, une entente 
pour assurer la protection contre les 
inondations des terres situées le long de 
la rivière Ottawa. 

Autres faits sur la gestion des terres 
et des eaux pour 1982-1983 

• Le ministère a présenté 20 directives 
d'aménagement du territoire dans le 
Sud de l'Ontario et 25 dans le Nord. 

• Dans le cadre du Programme de car- 
tographie de base de l'Ontario, cinq 
pour cent de l'Ontario a été car- 
tographie. On a achevé la cartographie 
à grande échelle de neuf municipalités 
et on a commencé les travaux dans 25 
autres centres. 

• On a achevé les nouveaux levés des 
limites cantonales du Sud de l'Ontario. 
Actuellement. 9 100 kilomètres de 
limites cantonales en Ontario ont fait 
l'objet de nouveaux levés. 

• Dans le cadre du Programme Canada- 
Ontario de réduction des dégâts dus aux 
inondations, on a consacré 1 500 OOOS 
à 38 projets de cartographie de terres 

• Le ministère a construit 410 kilomètres 
de routes et quatre ponts pour un total 
de 16 500 OOOS. dans le cadre du pro- 
gramme d'accès aux ressources. 

Centre de surveillance et 
de lutte contre 
les incendies 

Grâce aux conditions climatiques 
favorables et à l'excellent travail des 
équipes du Centre de surveillance et de 
lutte contre les incendies, peu d'hectares 
de forêt ont été détruits par le feu en 

Une hausse budgétaire de 6 000 000$ 
a permis au Centre de perfectionner ses 
activités de lutte et de protection contre 
les incendies et d'accroître son personnel 
de 30 à 175 membres. 

La nouvelle politique de gestion des in- 
cendies du ministère a été approuvée en 
1982. Elle a comme objectifs de prévenir 
les pertes humaines, les blessures person- 
nelles et la perturbation qu'entraînent les 
incendies de forêt; de garantir que les in- 
cendies affectent très peu les travaux 
publics, les propriétaires privés et les 
ressources naturelles et d'utiliser les 
avantages que procurent les incendies 
dans la gestion des terres et des 

C'est l'aire de l'ordinateur! De plus en 
plus, le ministère met des systèmes d'or- 
dinateurs à la disposition des directeurs de 
lutte contre les incendies pour faciliter les 
prises de décisions importantes concer- 
nant les stratégies d'élimination des in- 
cendies. Ces systèmes sont concentrés 
dans les cinq centres de lutte contre les in- 
cendies du ministère et on projette 
l'installation d'un système central dans 
toutes les régions de la province qui sont 
propices aux feux de forêt. 

Un effort particulier a été fait, au cours 
de l'année, pour sensibiliser la population 
en matière de sécurité en forêt, afin de 
prévenir les feux de forêt causés par la 
négligence humaine. 

La gestion efficace des incendies exige 
une bonne communication. À cette fin. le 
ministère a conçu une trousse spéciale de 
communications (TACK) qui simplifiera 
les communications radio entre les cen- 
tres de lutte contre les incendies. 

Autres faits concernant le Centre de 
sur\eillance et de lutte contre les 
incendies pour 1982-1983 

• Il y a eu 1 396 incendies de forêt en On- 
tario mais on n'a perdu que 3 98 1 hec- 
tares de forêt. 

• Le directeur du Centre s'est rendu en 
Chine populaire pour entreprendre une 
étude commanditée par l'Agence cana- 
dienne de développement international 
{ ACDI) à propos d'une aide éventuelle 
à ce pays pour la lutte contre les 

• Le ministère a envoyé deux équipes 
provinciales de pompiers pour aider à 
lutter contre les incendies de forêt en 
Alberta. Il a prêté des avions-citernes 
au Manitoba, à la Saskatchewan et à 
L' Alberta et de l'équipement à la 

• Le ministère a acheté deux avions- 
citernes lourds Canadair CL-2 15 avant 
le début de la saison des incendies de 


En 1982-1983. le système d'appel 
téléconférence a joué un rôle important 
dans la réduction des frais de déplacement 
occasionnés par la décentralisation des 
services du ministère. Grâce à ce 
système, on a multiplié le nombre de réu- 
nions tout en limitant leur durée. 

Dans le cadre de son programme à long 
terme de traitement de l'information, le 
ministère a fait l'acquisition, en 1982. 
d'un mini-ordinateur qui est le premier à 
faire partie d'un réseau qui sera implanté 
dans toute la province. 

Les services de l'Administration et du 
Contentieux ont organisé des ateliers et 
des colloques pour les employés du 
ministère qui sont préposés à l'embauche 
d'entrepreneurs privés pour la réalisation 
de projets spéciaux. 

Les changements apportés au pro- 
gramme d'action positive ont permis au 
ministère d'offrir à son personnel féminin 
des chances d'emploi égales en restruc- 
turant et diversifiant les postes occupés 
par des femmes. En 1982. les objectifs 
d'embauché et de promotion que s'était 
fixés le ministère ont été atteints à 100 
pour cent. 

Les communications ont pris une im- 
portance particulière au cours de cette an- 
née budgétaire. Des plans de communica- 
tions ont été développés pour la majorité 
des projets de l'ensemble du ministère. 

Les services en français ont été ren- 
forcés et améliorés par l'embauche d'un 
coordonnateur à plein temps et d'un 
rédacteur-réviseur francophone. 

A l'automne 1982, le ministère a lancé 
son magazine "Landmarks", la première 
publication depuis 10 ans dévouée aux 
programmes du ministère. 

Dans ses activités, le ministère des 
Richesses naturelles est associé à un cer- 
tain nombre d'agences, de conseils et de 
commissions. Ces liens sont basés sur la 
gestion des ressources naturelles et 
varient d'un organisme à l'autre. 

Ensemble du personnel du MRN 

31 mars 1983 


Non classifié 


Bureau principal 




Bureaux régionaux et 

3 387 

1 062 

4 449 

de district 


4 304 

1 380 


Selective Harvests, 

Mild Winters Good for Deer 

Ontario's deer population is a valuable 
natural resource and MNR must manage 
it carefully to ensure a balanced number 
of animals. Too many deer in an area 
will overstress habitats and food supplies. 
Too few deer means that the herds need 
to be given time to increase. 

MNR took steps to balance Ontario's 
deer herds by introducing a selective 
harvest program in 1980. The program 
controls the number of antlerless deer and 
fawns which can be hunted in areas 
where the population is overstressed by 
hunting and habitat deterioration. Reports 
iTom observers indicate that efforts are 
already having an effect. In 1982-83, 
hunters and non-hunters alike reported 
seeing more deer in central and Northern 
Ontario, where the deer herds had 
previously been severely reduced. En- 
counters with deer were up about 30 per 
cent in MNR's Algonquin Region alone 
during 1982-83. ^ 

But MNR doesn't take all the credit 
for the increase in the deer population in 
these areas, as nature co-operated in 
1982-83. as well. One of the mildest 
winters on record helped to keep deer 
mortality low in 1982-83. 

On Bears and Models 
and the Future 

What will Ontario's bear population be 
like in the year 2000':' Thanks to the 20th- 
century equivalent of the crystal ball— 
the computer model— the answers to 
questions about the future of Ontario 
bears are beginning to become available. 

Until recently, not much was known 
about bears— aside from their voracious 
appetites, their long winter hibernations 
and the fact that sp<')rtsmen hunted them. 
But in 1969. MNR began a long-temi 
study to leam more about the population 
dynamics and life history of black bears. 

MNR scientists discovered that bears 
are much more .sensitive to hunting than 
other species the bears mature 
so slowly. At their maximum level of 
productivity, female black bears produce 
only 1 . 1 bear cubs per year— a level of 
reproduction which is low when com- 
pared w ith other popular game species 
such as deer and moose. 

Predictive ability in wildlife 
management— as in any .science— is very 
important. In order to say whether a 
species is being over- or under-harvested. 
a great deal of information must be ac- 
cumulated. This is then studied to find 
trends and patterns. The black bear .study 

enabled MNR's researchers to build up 
a significant data base— information 
valuable to the better management of the 
species in Ontario. 

MNR's black bear computer model 
tells ministry specialists what percentage 
of the bears can be harvested— and 
when— without overstressing the popula- 
tion. Also, if it is known exactly how 
many bears are harvested each year, the 
computer becomes a useful planning tool 
to assist in making management changes 
when they are needed. 

Better information on how many bears 
are harvested each year is now being ac- 
quired from the hunters themselves. 
They provide MNR with the premolar 
teeth of harvested bears. The age infor- 
mation obtained from the examination of 
the teeth will then be fed to MNR's com- 
puters. This research is helping to ensure 
that the future of the bear population of 
Ontario will continue to be bright. 

Today's COs: Conservation 
Management Specialists 

Today's Conservation Officer (CO) is 
not just a law enforcement officer or a 
game warden, although it's tme that a 
CO does both of these jobs. A CO is 
really a specialist in outdoor conserva- 
tion management— MNR's chief liaison 
agent between the ministry, the public 
and other agencies in the field. Conser- 
vation Officers help other agencies 
search for lost children and hikers, in- 
vestigate serious crimes, help stranded 
hunters, and much more besides. The 
COs provide public infomiation on On- 
tario's outdoor recreation resources. The 
officers also enforce the laws governing 
the use of those resources. 

Much of a CO's time is spent on the 
enforcement of Ontario's fish and 
wildlife legislation, as well as other 
federal and provincial statutes. In 
1982-83. conservation officers contacted 
over 336.000 people in enforcement ac- 
tivities. In ail. neariy 11.000 charges 
were laid, which resulted in over 9.600 
convictions. COs issued fomiaJ warnings 
to another 1 1 .000 to 12.000 people. The 
total amount of fines assessed in 1982-83 
in connection with the charges made by 
COs was $772,052. with 265 still 
pending on March 3 1 . 1983. So enforce- 
ment plays a big role in a CO's job. but 
it's not the whole story. 

MNR Librarians Use 
Computers to Aid Research 

One of the advantages of the new com- 
puter technology is that it can be used 
to take some of the dmdgery out of 
library research. MNR librarians at Main 
Office and at Maple are now doing 
computer-assisted infom:ation searches 
more and more. 

The libraries have acces.s — by com- 
puter terminal— to 200 worldwide data 
bases, containing infomiation on just 
about every academic discipline im- 
aginable. What u.sed to be referred to as 
"looking something up" is increasingly 
being referred to as "accessing the data 

In 1982-83. MNR librarians per- 
fomied dozens of computer-assisted data 
searches for foresters, biologists and 
other resource managers on such topics 
as the re-ingestive habits of the snowshoe 
hare; the use of carbon dioxide in 
greenhouses to stimulate plant growth; 
the legislation that exists throughout the 
world on nature preserves; the toxic ef- 
fects of acidity on fish species; and the 
lifestyle and habitats of the arctic fox, to 
name just a few. 

By tapping into a computerized data 
base. MNR librarians can uncover ar- 
ticles on any topic in almost any 
scholariy publication in the world. A 
computer .search is much faster than 
traditional methods, and librarians can 
check the contents of thousands of 
periodicals and joumals in a matter of 
minutes. The system can even print out 

Computerized data bases are causing 
a revolution in library research, and this 
new technology is making the research 
tasks of MNR's managers easier, faster 
and more efficient. 


1982-83 Fisheries Program 

• In 1982-83. MNR fish hatcheries 
produced 6.312.000 fish. 

• A total of 3.140.000 fish were 
stocked into the Great Lakes 
during the year. 

• Since" 1979. 4.130 water 
samples from 2.875 sites have 
been analysed to determine the 
susceptibility of Ontario's lakes 
to acid deposition. 

In the 1982 calendar year. 
Ontario's commercial fishermen 
harvested neariy S37-million worth 
of fish, or some 34.110.293 kg. 

Under the Community 
Fisheries Involvement Program, 
some 3.300 work -days of 
volunteer labor were provided 
for the 22 approved projects. 

Left: Ontario's commercial fishing 
industry harvested S36-million worth 
offish in 1982. 

Growing Public involvement 
in Fisheries 

During 1982-83, hundreds of Ontario 
anglers and outdoor enthusiasts donated 
time and labor to maintain and improve 
the province's fisheries. Under MNR's 
Community Fisheries Involvement Pro- 
gram (CFIP), a total of 22 projects— for 
habitat improvement, stream rehabilita- 
tion. MNR facilities improvement, and 
more — were approved during the 
1982-83 fiscal year. 

The program is a unique opportunity 
for public and government to work 
together. MNR offers expertise and 
assistance for the CFIP projects and the 
public volunteers time and labor, or 
donates equipment to the ministry for 
projects such as the renovation of fish 
culture stations or the transpwrtation of 
fish for stocking. 

In 1982-83. an estimated 3,300 work- 
days of volunteer labor were provided for 
the 22 approved projects. 

Interest in CFIP continues to grow 
among private angling groups. Many 
community fisheries improvement pro- 
jects have been submitted for MNR ap- 
proval. And. to publicize the program 
more effectively, the ministry produced 
a new exhibit, a pamphlet, and an audio- 
visual show during 1982-83. By the end 
of the fiscal year, a new. detailed stream 
improvement manual, authored by 
MNR's fisheries specialists, was near- 
ing completion. 

CFIP Rebuilding Ringwood 
Fish Culture Station 

Thanks to the CFIP initiatives. MNR's 
Ringwood Fish Culture Station receiv- 
ed extensive alterations during 1982-83. 

The work was made possible by approx- 
mately S 100.000 worth of equipment and 
materials donated by the Toronto Star's 
Great Salmon Hunt and the St. 
Catharines Game and Fish Association. 

The remodelling and modifications to 
Ringwcxxl Station included adding wells 
and aeration and cooling equipment to 
improve water quality and quantity. The 
expansion increased the incubation and 
eariy rearing capacity of the station. 
Other facilities are under con.struction. 

The station will now be able to pro- 
duce more and healthier coho and 
Chinook salmon. When the work is com- 
pleted, the station will be able to provide 
all of MNR's stocking targets for both 
coho and chinook salmon— some 
250.000 coho yeariings and 450.000 
chinook fingeriings a year. 

Modernizing Ontario's 
Commercial Fishery 

Managing Ontario's S36-million com- 
mercial fishery is an enormous respon- 
sibility. It can also be a ver\ tricky 
business. Incomplete information about 
Ontario's annual fish catch can lead to 
decisions which can cause too many fish 
to be hanested or allow valuable busi- 
ness opportunities to be wasted. At pres- 
ent. MNR recognizes a need to improve 
its ability to assess the commercial fish 
catch. ALso. the ministry is not satisfied 
with the present system of commercial 
licensing in the industry . For its part, the 
industr) has acknowledged a number of 
problems that have to be dealt with. 

The ministry' and the industrv' agreed 
to work together on a plan to modernize 
the commercial fishing industry in On- 
tario. A joint MNR-industry 
committee— the Committee on Moder- 
nizing Ontario's Commercial Fishen,— 
was given the task of developing ap- 
propriate methods for commercial licen- 
sing and harvest control. In April. 1982. 
the committee delivered its recommen- 
dations to the ministry in a report. 

The report recommended moderniza- 
tion and improvement of MNR's ability 
to predict the fisheries resources; impai\'- 
ed harvest regulations: and updating and 
streamlining of the commercial fisheries 
licensing procedure. The main thrust of 
the report was a recommendation to 
change the basis of commercial fishery 
assessment to a quota-per-licence 

In Januar>' of 1983. the Minister an- 
nounced that the majority of the commit- 
tee's recommendations would be im- 
plemented. With continuing dialogue and 
much hard work, the important task of 
modernizing the commercial fishing in- 
dustrv in Ontario has begun. 

What to do when it Rains 
Cats and Dogs . . . and Acid 

The full effects of acid rain are not yet 
known. The Ministry of Natural 
Resources is vitally interested in acidic 
precipitation's effects on Ontario's 
fisheries. Similariy. the Ministry of the 
Envimnment is constantly seeking infor- 
mation about how acid rain affects water 
chemistry and the lower forms of life. 
The two ministries have become involv- 
ed in a co-operative study of the effects 
of acid rain. 

The results of the study will help scien- 
tists to determine whether acidic lakes 
can be rehabilitated, whether lake trout 
stocked in rehabilitated lakes will 
reproduce naturally, and whether 
acidification can be mitigated in extreme- 
ly .sensitive lakes. Small inland lakes are 
being studied, as their sp)ort fishing 
potential is in the most serious jeopardy. 

Boland Lake, near Sudbury, has been 
studied intensively for one year. A test 
to neutralize the lake's acidic content is 
scheduled for 1983. Once the acidity of 
the lake has been reduced, MNR will 
stock it with lake trout to determine 
whether the species will reproduce in the 
rehabilitated lake. Miskokway and Trout 
Lakes, both classified as extremely sen- 
sitive, underwent the first year of a pro- 
jected two-year intensive study in 
1982-83, to test the feasibility of using 
lake neutralization to protect these lakes' 
sport fisheries. 

Other highlights of the 1982-83 fiscal 
year included the development of com- 
puter models of a small lake's response 
to acidification; a collaborative study 
with the federal Department of Fisheries 
and Oceans of four Precambrian Shield 
lake chains; trend-through-time acidic 
precipitation studies of twelve extreme- 
ly sensitive lakes; and toxicity studies on 
the effects of pH-level reductions on 
young smallmouth bass. 

Fisheries Special Employment 
Program Helps the Birds, too 

During 1982-83. the fisheries special 
employment program approved 94 pro- 
jects, and panided 677 laid-off workers 
with 10,101 work-weeks of employ- 
ment. The program was part of a special 
MNR-Canada Employment and Im- 

migration Commission (CEIC) employ- 
ment plan, and more than S4.5-million 
was spent on fisheries projects in 
1982-83. Because of the program, many 
fish and wildlife management jobs which 
needed to be done, but which would 
never have been undertaken without the 
program, have been accomplished. 

The projects included the improvement 
of fish habitats; the removal of water- 
course debris: the assessment of MNR 
stocking activities: creel censuses: 
population studies of lake herring and 
rainbov\' smelt; commercial fish monitor- 
ing; collection of data on the Ontario 
baitfish industiy, and much more. 

Fish weren't the whole story — the pro- 
gram helped wildlife management, as 
well. Under the fisheries program, many 
wildlife management projects were 
undertaken. Deer management, habitat 
improvements for waterfowl, studies of 
how logging affects moose 
populations— these and other wildlife 
projects were also part of the program's 

As was the case with the sf)ecial 
employment program in the forestry, 
provincial parks, minerals, and conser- 
vation authorities sectors, the fisheries 
program took advantage of Section 38 of 
The Unemployment Insurance Act. On- 
tario's share of the cost was pro- 
vided by the Board of Industrial Leader- 
ship and Development (BILD). MNR 
administered all the projects, and provid- 
ed advice and equipment. 

It's Good Times for 
Ontario Brown Trout 

The brown trout— one of Ontario's best 
fighting fish— is making a comeback 
thanks to MNR's fisheries management 

Left: An estimated 3,300 work days 
of volunteer labor were provided 
during 1982-83 for the 22 approved 
projects under MNR's Community 
Fisheries Involvement Program. 

Right: Scientists at MNR's Southern 
Research Station in Maple search for 
new ways to develop the potential of 
Ontario's resources. 

activities. The brown trout, originally a 
fish native to Europe, was fii^t introduc- 
ed to Ontario in the 1 800s. But since the 
eariy 1960s, when the brown trout was 
implicated as a disease carrier, it hadn't 
been stocked in Ontario. The brown trout 
has now received a clean bill of health, 
and that's good news for Ontario anglers. 

Brown trout now exist in the Credit 
River, the Sydenham River near Owen 
Sound, and in the Ganaraska River near 
Port Hope. To augment the fish's 
population in Ontario. MNR stocked 
71 ,000 brown trout fingeriings in the fall 
of 1982 in Lake Ontario, in Summit 
Lake, and in the Ganaraska and 
Sydenham River systems. In the spring 
of 1983, the same areas were stocked 
with 139,000 brown trout yearlings. The 
stocking programs were in response to 
requests from anglers and sports clubs 
throughout southern Ontario. 

Through the Community Fisheries In- 
volvement Program (CFIP). fishing 
clubs are undertaking projects to create 
spawning beds and nursery habitats for 
the young fish. MNR's aim is to 
establish naturally-reproducing com- 
munities of brown trout. The expected 
population increase is very good news for 

A Tale of Two Fishes— Splake 
and Lake Trout Backcross 

In the eariy 1950s, the lake trout popula- 
tion of the Great Lakes went into a severe 
decline. One reason for this was that sea 
lampreys were killing off the fish before 
they could spawn. A sea lamprey con- 
trol program was introduced, and it has 
been quite successful. 

The plight of the lake trout rekindled 
interest in splake — a hybrid fish produc- 

ed by crossing a brook (speckled) trout 
with a lake trout. MNR .scientists wanted 
to produce an eariy maturing, fast grow- 
ing trout which could live in the depths 
of the lake which the lake trout former- 
ly inhabited. 

Hybrid splake have been developed 
which have a broader range of genetic 
material than the parent species, and 
selective breeding can develop strains of 
fish with special characteristics. For ex- 
ample, certain strains of splake have been 
developed for stocking in inland lakes- 
lakes which are not necessarily best 
suited to either brook trout or lake trout. 

MNR researchers have also ex- 
perimented with breeding splake back to 
the parent species— and have had con- 
siderable success with a hybrid of a 
hybrid, known as the lake trout 
backcross. The backcross matures almost 
as eariy as splake and has the longevity 
of the lake trout. 

Over the yeai^, MNR has stocked both 
splake and lake trout backcross in the 
Great Lakes. Anglers are enthusiastic 
about the seasonal sport and eating 
qualities of both fish. 

In 1982-83, MNR stocked Georgian 
Bay with 927,000 lake trout back- 
cross— part of a total of 3,140,000 fish 
stocked in the Great Lakes year. 




Lands and Waters 

1982-83 Lands and Waters 

Program Highlights 

• MNR presented 20 District Land 

• Southem Ontario's township 

Use Guidelines in southern 

boundarN resurvey was com- 

Ontario and 25 in the north. 

pleted. A total of 9,100 kilo- 

• Five per cent of Ontario was 

metres of township boundaries 

mapped under the Ontario Basic 

in Ontario have now been 

Mapping Program. Large-scale 


mapping of nine municipalities 

• MNR"s Resource Access 

was completed, and work began 

program built 410 kilometres 

in 25 other centres. 

of roads and constructed four 

• The Canada-Ontario Flood 

bridges, at a total cost of 

Damage Reduction Program 


spent $1.5-million on 38 

flood-risk mapping projects. 

Left: Some 87 per cent of Ontario is 
Crown land, and MNR manages it 
for the benefit of all the people of 

Public Response helped 
MNR planners 

Land use planning is a process to help 
make decisions about how the lands and 
waters of Ontario will be used. There are 
many land uses: recreation, mining, 
forestry, housing, industrial facilities and 
agriculture, to name just a few. All 
potential resource users— industries, out- 
door groups, tourist operators, trappers, 
native groups and private individuals- 
have a stake in long-temi land use plan- 
ning. One of MNR's toughest problems 
is to identify the future uses of Ontario 
lands for the benefit of «// potential users. 

In 1974. MNR began work on its 
Strategic Land Use Guidelines program. 
The program was a first for Canada and 
one of the most comprehensive land use 
planning exercises of its kind in the 
worid. During 1982-83. the ministr\ put 
the finishing touches on the District Land 
Use Guidelines for Ontario. 

From April to August. 1982. the 
ministiy held 140 open across 
Ontario, and presented the proposed 
district land use guidelines to the public. 
There were 25 guidelines for Northern 
Ontario and 20 for southem Ontario. At 
the open houses, more than 10.000 peo- 
ple came to ask questions and get 
answers from MNR staff. MNR also 
received 10.000 comments, cards, briefs, 
letters and other written submissions on 
land use planning from the public and 
from special interest groups. This infor- 
mation was invaluable to the ministr\ in 
completing its final land use guidelines. 

Ontario Basic Mapping 
Program in Fifth \'ear 

A traditional criticism of map-making— 
or cartography— has been that some 
maps are less accurate than others. In 
fact, no map can be completely accurate, 
since it is a flat representation on paper 
of the curved surface of the earth. There 
are maps of Ontario now in use which 
varv as much as two-fifths of a kilometre 
in distance and up to 30 metres in 

The Ontario Basic Mapping program 
was begun in 1978 to produce a provin- 
cial set of basic maps without such 
discrepancies. Based on the Universal 
Transverse Mercator (UTM) grid 
system, the basic maps are as accurate 
as modem maps can be. because every 
point on the map has its own unique 
mathematical co-ordinates. 

The maps— produced at different 
scales and levels of detail — contain 
topographical information which is 
valuable to government and industry: 
elevations, contours, watercourses, water 
bodies, roads, railways and buildings. 
The information on the maps can be 
used for land planning, emergency 
planning, for en\ ironmental projects 
and transportation routes. 

During 1982-83. the Ontario Basic 
Mapping program finished mapping an 
area comprising five pœr cent of the pro- 
\ince. By March. 1983. 15 percent of 
Ontario and 80 municipalities had been 
completed. The area which is now map- 
ped covers eastern Ontario, the Niagara 
Peninsula, and a strip of land across the 
southem portion of Northem Ontario. All 
the mapping was done by pri\ ate com- 
panies under contract to the ministry. 

* "m 

Geographic Referencing 
Seminar Held in December 

Since 1974, MNR has been working on 
a system to incorporate all the available 
land information in Ontario into a stan- 
dardized mathematical grid. The system 
will assign fixed co-ordinates to such 
things as telephone cables, pipelines, 
sewers, property and buildings, to per- 
mit land use planners and other 
specialists to have a standard, integrated 
reference system. Identifying a piece of 
infomiation according to where it is 
located is what's known as geographic 
referencing— a rapidly-developing field 
in which MNR is playing a leading role. 

In December. 1982, the Ministry of 
Natural Resources and the Inter- 
ministerial Committee on Geographic 
Referencing co-sponsored a two-day 
conference, called "The seminar on 
Land-Related Information Systems — 
Municipal/Provincial Integration"". 

About 200 participants registered for 
the conference, many of them from 
municipalities: mayors, municipal 
engineers and planners, surveyors and 
other interested officials. The conference 
participants learned about the latest com- 
puterized land-related information 
systems available, and about what the 
provincial government has been doing 
over the last few years in the field of 
geographic referencing technology. 

Township Boundary Resurvey 
Completed in Southern Ontario 

The first township boundaries in Ontario 
were surveyed in the Kingston area, in 
the late 1700s. Much of the area was still 
wilderness, and the eariy surveyors had 
to battle with what today seem almost in- 
surmountable difficulties as they drove 
their wooden surveying posts into the 
ground. In fact, surveyors didn't start to 
use the familiar iron bars of today until 
about 1903. Many of the original 
wooden surveying posts marking On- 
tario"s township boundaries have 
deteriorated as a result of time and 
elements. And accurate township boun- 
daries are important to land planners and 
to all those involved in the development 
and management of the province"s 

Several years ago, MNR began a pro- 
gram to resurvey all the township boun- 
daries in Ontario. In December, 1982, 
the resurvey program was completed for 
all of southern Ontario. It includes all the 
area south of the French and Mattawa 
Rivers, a total of about 4,500 kilometres 
of township boundaries - more than the 
distance between Toronto and 

In Northern Ontario, where the rug- 
ged Canadian Shield limits agriculture, 
roads and fencing, surveying work is 
more difficult, but MNR completed 
another 300 kilometres of township 
boundary resurveying in 1982. The pro- 
vincial total of resurveyed boundaries is 
now just over 9, 100 kilometres. All the 
surveying work has been completed by 
private surveyors under contract to 

BILD Grant 

Expands OCRS Facilities 

In April. 1982, Ontario"s Board of In- 
du.strial Leadership and Development 
(BILD) announced a grant of $3-million 
to MNR" s Ontario Centre for Remote 
Sensing. The grant was for the upgrading 
of computer equipment and the develop- 
ment of an expanded technical training 
program aimed at researchers and 

In 1982-83, OCRS spent $600,000 of 
the grant on the addition of three work 
stations to its computer system, bring- 
ing the number of work stations to four. 
The system now has extra storage capaci- 
ty, and can accommodate four people 
working on it simultaneously. The 
system at OCRS— second-largest of its 
kind in the world— is available to govern- 
ments, industry, educational and re.seareh 

OCRS also worked in 1982-83 on a 
training program to instruct non-OCRS 
.staff on the operation and applications of 
the equipment. Most of OCRS's clients 
need the facilities only periodically— for 
forest inventories, agricultural surveys, 
and land use mapping, for example. 
Details on the training system at OCRS 
can be obtained by contacting the Cen- 
tre's Chief Scientist. 

Airborne TV Studio Takes 
Inventories, Makes Maps 

Everybody knows about aerial 
photographs— well, almost everybody. 
And almost every TV news show uses 
film or videotape which is shot from the 
air. But videotaping for resources 
management? That's what MNR is do- 
ing, with the help of the Ontario Centre 
for Remote Sensing. 

Left: At the Ontario Centre for 
Remote Sensing, scientists are 
developing new uses for remote sen- 
sing technology. 

Right: MNRs Streamflou Forecast 
Centre helps the ministry predict 

OCRS has been study ing the many ad- 
\antages of making \ideotapes from 
helicopters for agricultural land use 
surveys, forest regeneration studies and 
wild rice field management. In 1982-83. 
the first-ever aerial videotapes were made 
to assess the habitats of trout streams. 
And OCRS discovered that, for some ap- 
plications, videotape is better than aerial 

Videotape doesn't provide as much 
detail as aerial photos. But tape can be 
watched — on a monitor — as it is being 
made. So the picture quality on tape is 
ne\er in doubt. Tape can also be played 
back as soon as it is made. And when 
the subject matter is old and no longer 
needed, the tapes can be reused to record 
new information. Tape's zoom and 
freeze-frame features make it a more ver- 
satile medium than traditional 
photographic film. 

OCRS has used videotape to make 
maps and inventories of the types of land 
uses in Ontario. So if you think you see 
an airborne TV studio, don't panic: it's 
not a close encounter of the third kind- 
it's probably another one of OCRS's in- 
novative experiments. 

Satellite Maps Help Find 
Energy Resources 

How many peat deposits are there in On- 
tario? Two different parts of the 
ministry— the OCRS and the Ontario 
Geological Sur\'ey (OGS)— worked 
together on that question during 1982-83. 

OCRS has developed a technique for 
mapping wetland areas— where peat 
deposits are often found— by using data 
obtained from a LANDSAT satellite. 

hundreds of miles above the earth. The 
OGS staffers co-operated on a samp- 
ling project in 1982-83— checking the 
peat deposits at .selected wetland sites 
throughout Ontario. OCRS is looking for 
a way to measure depth and decomposi- 
tion rates of peat, and to discover how 
to estimate the volume and quality of the 
deposits. If natural resources speciali.sis 
could conduct peat inventories from 
satellite data, the pRx;ess would be much 
cheaper and faster than at present. 

OCRS maps use a color-coded legend 
to indicate what is on the ground: fore.sts. 
pasturelands. wetlands, wild rice 
fields — even forest fires. The maps are 
produced in a standard format, which in- 
cludes place names, water bodies, and 
latitude and longitude references. The 
computer-produced maps can be made 
more cheaply than by using traditional 
methods, and can be updated rapidly. 

Scientists around the world have ex- 
pressed great interest in the OCRS 
technology, which can also be used for 
other studies— differentiating agricultural 
crops, for example, or indicating the suc- 
cess of coniferous forest regeneration on 
cutover or burned areas. 

Crown Land Use Permits 
for Winter Sports Clubs 

Across Ontario, many w inter sports clubs 
maintain snowmobiling and cross- 
country skiing trails on Crown land. In 
September. 1982. MNR announced u 
new policy to allow the clubs to manage 
the use of the w inter trails, and to charge 
a fee for the use of the trails, if they wish. 

The clubs became responsible for the 
full cost of maintaining the trails in 
1981-82. The ne>A land use pemiit policy 
was introduced to gi\c the clubs some 
management control over the trails they 
maintain. It was also expected to increase 
clubs" revenues and boost their 

On trails that cross private land, clubs 
can manage the use of trails, and can also 
charge a fee if they w ish— but onl\ with 
the landowner's pemiission. 

The ministry made limited funding 
available in 1982-83. to help clubs meet 
the initial costs involved with putting the 
new policy into effect. And MNR 
continued to maintain and operate trails 
in provincial parks across the province. 
as well as on some Crown lands. 

New Crown Land Rental 
Policy Introduced 

In March. 1983. MNR introduced a nevs 
rental policy for Crown land in Ontario. 
The ministr\ developed a policy to over- 
come inequities and discrepancies in the 
25-year-old rental rates set out in The 
Public Lands Act. 

Previously, rent on all Cmwn land was 
assessed at 10 per cent of the market 
value of the property. The new policy in- 
troduced a sliding-seale rental formula 
based on three criteria: the value of the 
land, the intensity of the proposed land 
use, and the security of tenure granted 
for the land use. Rent on cottages, 
recreational camps and community docks 
is now three to 12 per cent of market 
value. A long-temi lease with an option 
to purchase, however, is assessed at the 
premium rate, because the security of 
tenure is greater. 

The new rental policy affects all new 
leases, licences of occupation and land 
use pemiits, and applies to existing 
licences and leases when they come up 
for review. For 1983. however, any rent 
increases on existing leases and licences 
are limited to five per cent— the max- 
imum prescnbed by the Ad- 
ministered Prices Restraint Prooram. 

Five Agencies Agree on Plan 
to Manage Ottawa River Basin 

The first-ever Canada/Ontario/Quebec 
agreement on co-operative water basin 
management was signed by five govern- 
ment agencies in March. 1983. The 
agencies included En\ ironmcnt Canada, 
the Ontario Ministries of Natural 
Resources and Intergovernmental Af- 
fairs, and the Quebec En\ironment and 
IniergoN emmental Affairs Ministries. 
The agreement was to provide tloexi pro- 
tection along the Ottawa River while 
maintaining other water uses, including 
h\droelectricit\ . 

The Ottawa River Basin has been the 
focal point of go\emment concerns for 
years. Annual flood damage in the basin 
area is o\er SI .5-million. The river also 
provides municipal water supplies, 
recreation for about one million residents 
of Ontario and Quebec, and about 
S I -million worth of hydroelectric power 
daily. The basin was the subject of a six- 
year study to accommodate both flood 
control plans and other concerns, and the 
study ultimately resulted in the new 

The agreement created a new water 
management board charged with 
developing long-temi strategies for the 
management of the Ottav\a Ri\cr Basin. 

New Ice Jam Management 

To help deal with ice-caused floods. 
MNR produced a new publication. Ice 
Jam M(iiuii>emenf. in November, 1 982 . 

This publication came about because 
of an increasing number of requests from 
municipalities and conservation 
authorities kn guidance and procedures 
in dealing with ice jams and the floods 
which they can cause. 

The new publication contains sections 
on the history and trends of ice jam 
floods, conditions which cause floods, 
the kinds of ice fomialions that cause 
problems, and techniques for predicting 
breakups. It also offers advice on 
monitoring ice conditions, remedial 
measures and the principles of ice con- 
trol. The 23-page publication can be 
obtained b\ contacting the ministiy's 
Consenation Authorities and Water 
Management Branch at Queen's Park. 

Lakehead Flood Control 
Project Nears Completion 

For many years, inadequate channel 
capacity on the Neebing and Mclntyre 
rivers has caused serious spring tlocxling 
in the downtown core of Thunder Bay. 
In 1981. a multi-year. SI 5-million pro- 
ject was begun to remedy the problem. 
During 1982-83. five new construction 
contracts were awarded, for a total of 
o\er S4-million. Dunng the \ear. three 
bridges and some major portions of the 
channel were completed. On July 6, 
1982. the rebuilt 1 10th street bridge was 
officially opened. 

The Lakehead Region Con.servation 
■Authority expects that all the major con- 
stmction on the project w ill be finished 
in 1983— one year ahead of schedule, 
and well within the allocated budget. 

Final Stage of \\'allaceburg 
Flood Control Project 

For years, recurrent flooding of the St. 
Clair River and its associated damages 
ha\e plagued the residents of 
W'allaceburg. But not for much longer. 
In Febmars . 1983. the Minister of 
Natural Resources ga\e the final ap- 
proval to the St. Clair Region Conser- 
vation .Authontv to complete the W. Dar- 
cy McKeough Floodwa) project. 

A seven-kilometre tloodway channel 
has alreadv been built between the North 
Sydenham and St. Clair Rivers. The next 
step is the construction of an earth dam 
across the Svdcnham about 15 kilometres 
upstream from Wallaceburg. The last 
stage of the pa)ject will cost an estimated 
S14.8-million and involves the constmc- 
tion of the dam and flood control gates, 
roads and bridges, and land assembly. 

When the dam gates are closed, flood 
waters will be diverted from the 5.000 
homes and manv businesses of 
Wallaceburg— a big relief for the resi- 
dents of a town that has been tlcxxled so 
manv times in the past. 

Brantford to Receive 
Flood Protection 

Brantford is another flood-prone area of 
Ontario. Almost a quarter of Brantford 
is situated on the Grand River flixid 
plain, and there has been severe fltxxl 
damage in past years. Since 1978. MNR 
has been working with the Grand River 
Conservation Authonty on a paiject to 
minimize the flood danger to the 
estimated 5.000 people who live or work 
in the flood plain. 

Rii;hr: More than 10.000 people at- 
tended MNR"s 184 open houses on 
stratesic land use planning in 

The project— scheduled for eompletinn 
in 1989— consists of channel ini- 
provenients, dike building and other 
associated works. The 1982-83 phase of 
the project cost $3.5-million. and involv- 
ed land acquisition and major 

Hurdman Power Dam 
Gets New Lease on Life 

The Hurdman Power Dam at Mattawa 
will soon be operating again. The dam. 
in disrepair since 1978, was purcha.sed 
and partially reconstructed by the 
ininistrv in 1979-80. Before shutting 
down, the station produced up to 600 
kilowatts of energy from its single 

In March. 1983. the Mini.ster of 
Natural Resources announced that Barber 
Hydraulic Turbine Ltd. of Port Col- 
borne, was the successful bidder in a 
tender to lease the Hurdman dam and put 
it back into operation. 

The dam w, ill be leased to the private 
sector to pR)duce hydroelectnc power for 
.sale to Ontario Hydro. The dam is the 
first site leased to a private company by 
MNR as part of a go\emment polies to 
encourage the development of small- 
.scale hydraulic power sites in Ontario. 

Special Employment Program 
Aids Conservation Authorities 

A special employment program jointly 
funded by the provincial and the federal 
governments provided much-needed 
temporars employment in 1982-83 
through the con.servation authorities 
acixjss Ontario. A total of 76 projects 
were approved, providing 736 laid-off 
workers with 9.979 work-weeks of 
einplovment. at a provincial cost of 

The projects were spon.sored bs the 
con.servation authorities and included 
such work as watercourse reclamation: 
stream rehabilitation: erosion control: 
rehabilitation of fisheries habitats: park 
improvements: and constmction of boat 
ramps and fishing docks. Numerous 
wildlife projects were also sponsored by 
the con.servation authorities. 

The success of the five special 
employment programs of MNR and the 
Canada Employment and Immigration 
Commission was unprecedented. Provin- 
cial funds for the programs were provid- 
ed by the Board of Indu.strial Leadership 
and Development. 


Aviation and Fire 

1982-83 Aviation and Fire 

Management Program 


• Ontario experienced 1,396 forest 

• The AFMC Director travelled 

fires during 1982-83, but only 

to the People's Republic of 

3,982 hectares of Ontario forests 

China during 1982-83 to under- 

were lost. 

take a CIDA-sponsored study 

• MNR sent two provincial 

of potential fire management 

fire teams to assist forest fire 

assistance to that countr>'. 

suppression activities in Alberta; 

• Two Canadair CL-2l-'i heavy 

loaned firefighting aircraft 

waterbombers were purcha.sed by 

to Manitoba, Saskatchewan and 

the ministty for the beginning 

Alberta; and firefighting equip- 

of the 1983 fire season. 

ment to British Columbia. 

Left: Less than 4,000 hectares of 
forest were lost to fire during 1982. 

The 1982 Fire Season: 
Weather Made a Big Difference 

Only 3,982 hectares of Ontario forest 
were lost to 1,396 fires in 1982. Two 
factors contributed to this low loss; 
favorable weather conditions and the ex- 
tra preparedness of MNR's Aviation and 
Fire Management Centre (AFMC) staff. 

Over the winter of 1981-82. AFMC 
staff— with the co-operation of the 
federal Atmospheric Environment 
Service— monitored the weather pattcms 
and the long-temi Ontario forecasts to see 
how much precipitation our forests were 
getting and to watch for trends in 
pressure systems and prevailing winds. 

Near nonnal levels of precipitation, 
along with bek)w nonnal temperatures, 
combined to produce a slow snow melt 
in the early spring of 1982. Long-range 
weather forecasts called for winter-like 
conditions to last throughout much of 
April— a critical month in the fire 
management calendar— and the forecasts 
were right. The 1982 fire season got off 
to a slow start and never developed the 
severe burning conditions of the past 
several years. 

Being Prepared Helped, too 

The long-range weather forecasts for On- 
tario in 1982 caused the Aviation and 
Fire Management Centre staffers to 
adopt a guarded optimism about the fire 
.season. Nevertheless, they prepared 
carefully for the sea.son- even more than 
in previous years. The extra preparedness 
was made possible by a fiscal shot in the 
arm— in the fomi of a $6-million budget 
increase to improxe the province's 

firefighting and protection activities. The 
additional funding allowed MNR to in- 
crease the number of firefighting unit 
crews by 30 to a total of 1 75 pennanent 
crews. Also acquired were additional 
heavy waterbombers (including a 
CL-2L'i) and helicopters, bringing the 
Centre's fleet to nine heavy water- 
bombers and 17 helicopters. 

The additional funds helped MNR 
to improve its capabilities in several other 
areas, including fire detection, training, 
protection, equipment and technology. 

Fewer Fires 

Meant Less Fire-Flying 

The reduced fire activity of the 1982 
sea.son meant that MNR's firefighting 
aircraft fiew less than usual, and that 
short-tcnn leasing of additional aircraft 
was substantially lower than in the two 
previous years. In all, 77 aircraft were 
used during 1982 for fire management; 
17 contract helicoptei>. for fire attack; 19 
contract aircraft for fire detection; and a 
total of 41 heavy waterbombers— a 
Canadair CL-215, eight Cansos, five 
Twin Otters, 13 Otters and 14 Turbo 

The CL-21.'> came from Canadair 
under a demon.stration agreement. MNR 
used it for waterbombing and familian/.- 
ing pilots with the plane's operation. The 
aircraft is a state-of-the-art waterbomber. 
In a lO-.second skim over a suitable lake 
or river, the CL-2 1 5 can scoop up 5.455 
litres of water into its tanks, and remain 

airborne for up to tour hours without 
refuelling. During 1982-83. MNR sign- 
ed an agreement with Canadair to pur- 
chase tv\e) CL-215 aircraft, which were 
to be delivered in time for the 1983 lire 

The 1982-83 MNR aircraft operating 
year was by no means light, however. 
During the fiscal year, ministry-owned 
aircraft flew a total of 15. 180 hours, on 
all kinds of government business— fire- 
fighting and protection, surveying, forest 
cruising, transporting MNR and other 
ministries' personnel, and mercy (lights. 
The ministry also chartered privately- 
owned aircraft to fly more than 25.000 
hours in 1982-83. ' 

Improving Fire Management 
in Ontario 

Over the years, tire management in On- 
tario has evolved into a policy of total 
suppression— an attempt to suppress all 
fires, in Ontario forests, at all costs. 
Looking at the overall picture. MNR"s 
fire management planners realized that 
this policy was both impractical and 
uneconomical. There are only so many 
resources that can be mustered to tight 
forest tires, and there are times when 
those resources have to be stretched to 
do the job. 

MNR's foresters know that, like 
sunlight and rainfall, fire is an important 
part of the ecological cycle. Put simply, 
not all forest tires are bad. In fact, they 
play an important part in the natural 
regeneration of a forest. 

With these things in mind, the MNR 
Fire Management Improvement Project 
(FMIP) was begun in 1980 to develop 
an improved tire management system for 
Ontario— to develop a plan, and to im- 
plement it. FMIP entered its tlnal phase 
in 1982-83. atter MNR's corporate fire 
management policy received approval in 
May .^1982. 

The new policy outlined the basic prin- 
ciples, detlnition. roles, relationships, 
responsibilities and overall objectives of 
the ministrv "s tire management activities. 
As well, the policy .stated three objec- 
tives for the MNR fire management pro- 
gram: to prevent loss of human lives, 
personal injur\', and social disruption 
cau.sed by fire; to ensure that fires have 
a minimal effect on public works, private 
property and natural resources: and to use 
the natural benefits of fire to achieve 
MNR objectives for land and resource 

The thaist of the policy is to ensure 
that MNRs forest firefighting 
capabilities continue to be efficient, up 
to date, and effective. 

Educating the Public 
About Forest Fires 

Even though forest fires are perfectly 
natural, not all of them are caused b\ 
lightning. Sadl> . many fires are caused 
by humans— sometimes those who love 
the forests the most. All human-caused 
fires are preventable, especially if the 
people who live, work and pla\ in the 
forests are educated about the man> vv a> s 
to prevent forest fires. AFMC staff 
worked during 1982-83 on an improved 
fire prevention program which the\ hope 
will help to prevent many of Ontario's 
human-caused fires. 

The new prevention system includes 
the following components: a marketing 
studv to detemiine the best ways of get- 
ting fire' prevention infomiation to the 
target audience: a communications plan 
to devise objectives, target audiences. 
fomiulate messages and estimate prob- 
able costs; and built-in monitoring 
capability to allow the ministiy's fire 
managers to tell w hether their prevention 
measures are effective, or whether the 
system needs changes. 

The new prevention program also in- 
cludes a school component and a cata- 
logue of useful fire prevention materials, 
and should enable MNR staff to do four 
things: detennine the preventable fires 
which have the highest impact on our 
forests; design a prevention program 
tailored to a specific audience; monitor 
the success of their efforts and plan anv 
necessarv revisions to the svstem. 

Centralizing Ontario's Forest 
Firefighting Efforts 

Because of the rapid developments in in- 
fomiation technology, centralized com- 
puter systems can and are being used 
more and more to assist fire managers 
in making the cmcial decisions on fire 
suppression strategies. These computer 
systems are located in the five MNR 
Regional Fire Centres: the headquarters 
of the mini.strv's firefighting efforts 
across Ontario. 

Tests of this centralized approach to 
fire management were carried out in 
MNRs Northern Region in 1982. The 
results were very encouraging. It improv- 
ed the use ui the highlv mobile water- 
bombing and initial attack aircraft, thus 
helping to make the ministrv's 
firefighting operations in the region sw ift 

and efficienl. A crucial conifKmcnt of 
MNR's initiiil attack strategy is to allow 
aircraft to t'crr\ MNR tire crews and 
equipment to the tires quick!) . enabling 
them to contain the tires before they get 
out of control. 

Working with Industry 
to Control Fires 

For two years now. MNR has been 
working with the Ontario Forest Industrv 
Association (OFIA) to train forest 
workers to fight and to control forest 
tires. The industry has taken on increas- 
ed responsibility for tire prevention and 
suppression, and is sending future 
trainers to MNR for instruction in tire 
management. Such a training program is 
logical because industn, staff are often 
closest to a tire, and in the best position 
to contain it before MNR tlretlghting 
crews can get to the scene. 

During the tuo yeal^ of the co- 
operative training program, .several hun- 
dred forestry workers have received 
firetlghting and prevention training, 
thanks to MNR instructors and the in- 
dustry instructors whom the ministrv 
trained In the spring of 1982. AFMC 
staff conducted Initial Attack Fire Boss 
courses for 66 supervisory personnel at- 
tached to 10 different forest companies. 

By the end of the 1982-83 tlscal year. 
the forest operators in Ontario had 
developed improved tire plans— plans 
detailing what contingency measures 
would be taken in the event of a forest 
tire. Together, the companies" fire plans 
and the tlrellghter training sessions will 
make industrv-MNR tire management 
operations more effective. 

Fire Management 

Enters the Technological Age 

MNR runs a sophisticated tire manage- 
ment program, using dozens of aircraft, 
hundreds of highly skilled personnel and 
the best possible equipment. But this is 
the Infonnation ,^ge— the age of the 
computer— and the Aviation and Fire 
Management Centre is taking further ad- 
vantage of many of the benefits that the 
new technology has to offer. 

Unlike other resource management 
areas, many fire management activities 
are necessarily reactive— based on the 
characteristics of each new tire. Even, 
fire is a separate entity and the special 
nature of each fire gives to a different 
set of needs. Modem infonnation 
technology can help tire managers 
prepare for emergencies in advance, and 
help them make crucial strategy decisions 
more quickly when a tire breaks out. 

When a forest fire is raging, everv 
second is precious to the people whose 
job it is to decide what to do about it. 
Hundreds of factors must be considered 
—local populations and businesses; the 
location, size, and scope of the fire; the 
wind, the temperature, and the dr\ness 
of the forest; the histon, of previous tlrcs 
in the area; and the resources available 
to deal with the fire. Computers are 
ideally suited to sorting through infomia- 
tion like this at speeds far in excess of 
the human brain. Computers can't make 
the decisions, but thev are a big help to 
the managers who do. 

AFMC's Decision Support Svstcm 
study investigates the to which com- 
puter technology can be put in the 
management of tire. During the 1982-8.^ 
phase of the studv . the Northern 
Regional Fire Centre in Timmins was 
linked to the computer .system at the 
Petawawa National Forestry Institute in 
Chalk River. MNR fed the computer all 
the available historic tire" occurrence data 
for Northern Region. Now the ministry 
can use the data to develop a computer 
prediction sy.stem for human-caused tires 
and lightning strikes. 

Aviation and tire management staff 
also worked on computer models w hich 
will assist fire managers to allocate 
resources, and to reach a better 
understanding of the way fires develop 
from tiny blazes into huge conflagra- 
tions. Another development in 1982-8.^ 
was a computer-ba.sed simulation model 
of Ontario's initial attack tire suppression 
.system. The model is called the Initial 
Attack Aircraft Study, and is being used 
to help make decisions about MNR's air- 
craft fleet— its deployment, its effec- 
tiveness and its future composition. 

Lightning Doesn't 
Have to Strike Twice 

Lightning strikes caused at 230 
forest fires in 1982— fires which burned 
about 40 percent of the total forest area 
lost during the year. 

Since 1978. MNR has been testing a 
lightning locator system in Northwestem 
Ontario— with excellent results. During 
1982, the ministry' decided to expand the 
system to its Northern and North Cen- 
tral Regions. By the beginning of the 
1983 fire season, the Regional Fire Cen- 
tres in Drvden, Thunder Bay, Timmins 
and Sudbury were to have access to 
lightning locations— shown on up-to-the- 
minute lightning distribution maps which 
reveal cloud-to-ground lightning stakes. 

The lightning maps will assist staff to 
monitor stonn locations, plot detection 
mutes for aircraft and move initial attack 
resources to fire zones. 

Radio Waves Help 
Put Out Fires 

Although MNR is using some of the 
latest micro-computer technology in fire 
management, one of the oldest forms of 
electronic technology— radio— is alive 
and well and helping the ministry's fire 
managers do their jobs more effective- 
ly. It's hard to exaggerate the importance 
of good communications in the fire 
management process. Field crews have 
to speak by radio to the main base of 
operations, to each other, and to the fire 
.suppression aircraft operating in the same 
area. And. until recently . all three groups 
fighting a fire had to use the .same radio 
frequency, one that was allocated to the 
particular fiiv. 

That often meant more than 20 aircraft 
and many ground personnel were all try- 
ing to use the same radio frequency. To 
eliminate confusion. MNR designed a 
.special communications kit especially for 
firefighting: the Tactical Action Com- 
munications Kit (TACK). The kit com- 
prises small, hand-held radio units, a 
system of p(x;ket pagers, and relays, us- 
ing either six or eight assigned channels. 

The TACK kits permit a small radio 
network to be set up on special frequen- 
cies, so that .several firetlghting units can 
each have a private channel for 
interference-free operation. Extra chan- 
nels are built into the system so that the 
gmund crews and aircraft can talk to their 
base when necessary. 

Dunng 1982-83. radio repeater .sta- 
tions were established in Quetico Pnn in- 
cial Park, and in the Hearst. Kirkland 
Lake and Nipigon Districts of MNR. 
Radio linking systems were installed last 
year at MNR's Thunder Bay. Geraldton 
and Nipigon Districts, and in Algonquin 
Region. The systems extend VHF radio 
coverage beyond the nomial ranges. The 
Thunder Bay system co\ ers an area north 
into timber tenitory near Holinshead 
Lake. The Geraldton system covers an 
area northward to the Albany River 

Left: The Canadair CL-2 15-the 
plane can scoop up 5.45,S litres of 
\\ater into its tanks in just 10 


Left: Keeping the public informed is 
one of the most important duties of 
MNR staff. 

Rifihr MNR program and ad- 
ministrative staff attended hundreds 
of public meetings and information 
sessions, and fielded thousands of 
questions from the public during 

MNR Strategic Information 
Processing Plan Under Way 

High-speed computertechnology is now 
an accepted, everyday part of business 
life in most places. Computers are help- 
ing government to process infonnation 
thousands of times fa.ster than in the past, 
and more cheaply and efficiently. Since 
1980. MNR has been developing a long- 
tenn strategy to co-ordinate all of its 
information processing operations— to 
ensure that the equipment it acquires can 
be incoiporated into a ministry-wide in- 
fonnation network. The strategy is 
known as SIPP— the Strategic Informa- 
tion Processing Plan. 

In October. 1982. the Management 
Board of Cabinet approved the acquisi- 
tion of a mini-computer at MNR"s Main 
Office and a micro-computer link in 
Timmins— the first acquisitions in the 
eventual ministry-wide information 
handling network. 

The ministry is now studying all its in- 
fonnation processing needs. During the 
next few years. MNR will develop a co- 
ordinated strategy for information pro- 
cessing, so that the infonnation needed 
by line managers to function effectively 
will be readily available. 

Teleconferences Cut 

Travel, Accommodation Costs 

Because of MNR's decentralized 
.structure— -47 districts and eight regional 
offices across the province— staff 
members of various technical and 
management committees may have to put 
in a great deal of travel time. A most ef- 
fective alternative to committee 
meetings, however, is the teleconference 
call— a meeting where people get 

together over the telephone. And more 
and more MNR committees arc using 
teleconferencing to cut costs. 

Teleconferencing saves money 
because a telephone meeting requires no 
travel or accommodation e.\ 
Teleconferences can be arranged quick- 
ly, and the meetings can be shorter and 
more frequent. 

During 1982-83. teleconferencing was 
one of the important tools used by MNR 
managers to cut committee costs. 
every other Executive Management 
Committee meeting, for example, now 
uses speakerphones to connect Main Of- 
fice staff with staff in Maple and 
Thunder Bay. 

New Energy Handbook 

The Ministry of Natural Resources 
manages approximately 4,000 buildings, 
representing some 185.800 square metres 
of floor space. The buildings range from 
office complexes to park comfort .sta- 
tions, from tree seed depositories to fish 
culture stations, so energy requirements 
differ widely. And energy is expensive. 
To help its building managers save on 
energy consumption. MNR produced a 
handbook on energy conservation during 

Funded b> the Ministry of Energy, the 
new handbook is titled A Handbook: 
Energy Consefvalion in Ministiy of 
Natural Resources Buildings. The hand- 
btwk contains sections on several energy- 
saving techniques: energy management, 
low-cost and no-cost conservation 
measures, sample energy budget and 
audit calculations and reference material. 

Contracting W orkshops/ 
Seminars Helpful to Managers 

Managers at MNR are using private in- 
dividuals and companies more and more 
to help accomplish the ministrv's pro- 
gram objectives. Because MNR staff are 
continually involved in managing such 
contractual relationships, the Ad- 
ministrative Sen'ices and Legal Services 
Branches co-operatively presented a 
series of contracting workshops and 
seminars to ministry staff in 1982-83. 

The courses dealt with the tendering 
process, drafting contracts, using con- 
sultants and administering contracts, 
among other things. Over 300 staff 
members attended the sessions, which 
were held in all eight MNR regions 
throughout the province. The participants 
got an opptirtunity to hone their skills and 
to exchange their views and experiences 
in contract management. The workshops 
and seminars are currently being refined 
and partially redesigned, and will be of- 
fered in the next fiscal year to specific 
target audiences within the ministry. 

Total MNR Staff 

March 31.1983 
Main Office 
Field Offices 








After Seven Years, There've 
Been Some Important Changes 

The Affimiative Action Program at 
MNR has been in existence now for 
seven years. During that time, im- 
pressive changes have occurred— both 
within MNR and in the program itself. 
.Ml the changes have contributed to the 
program's long-temi goal — to achieve 
equal opportunity for women Crown 
employees by raising and diversifying 
their occupational status. 

Thanks in part to affimiative action, 
the wage gap between male and female 
employees of MNR has decreased by 7.3 
percent since 1975. That's quite an im- 
provement in itself. Also since 1975— 
when the Affirmative Action Program 
began— the percentage of women 
employees in MNR's Administrative 
Module has gmwn by more than 250 per 
cent and in the Administrative Services 
category by about 125 per cent. 

During 1982-83. 100 per cent of 
MNR's total number of hire promotion 
targets were met. The ministry's 
managers provided 48 women with ac- 
celerated career development assign- 
ments. Since 1980. when Accelerated 
Career Development was formally in- 
troduced throughout the government, 
MNR has continually surpassed the 
minimum government requirement set by 
Management Board. 

MNR achieved several important first- 
ever appointments in 1982-83. These in- 
cluded the first female Manager of Com- 
pensation and Staff Relations, the ap- 
pointment of a woman as Manager of In- 
fomiation Services in the Communica- 
tions Serv ices Branch, and the appoint- 
ment of MNR's first female Regional 
Director (to be effecti\e in 1983-84). 

MNR v\omen ha\e also achie\cd 
significant progress in the scientific and 
technical categories. At the end of 
March. 1983. MNR's classified staff in- 
cluded eight female foresters. 10 
biologists. 10 community planners, two 
geologists, three geological assistants and 
28 resource technicians. In addition, 
there were many other women working 
in these positions as unclassified 
employees. TTie 1982 Junior Ranger Pro- 
gram hired women for 44.8 per cent of 
the available positions— compared with 
28.2 per cent in 1975. 

Lefi: Al the BILD Show, in 
Februar>. 1983. MNR featured 
displays of some of the many pro- 
grams that are assisted by the Board 
of Industrial Leadership and 

Riglu: Durmg the Affirmative Action 
Program's first seven years, women 
gained increasingly important roles 
in the ministry 's scientific, technical 
and administrative categories. 

Affirniati>e Action Program 
Changes with the times 

Duiing 1982-83, the MinistiA of Natural 
Resources re\ iewcd its affimiati\'e action 
program intensively. The review led to 
the distribution of an affirmative action 
policy paper to MNR managers across 
Ontario in Managers gave it 
widespread support, and a number of 
changes to MNR's Affmiiative Action 
Program were made. 

The two-pronged ihmst of the changes 
was to define aftlmiative action's role in 
MNR more clearly and to incorpoi^ate af- 
fmnative action into regular management 
processes. Line managers are now ac- 
countable for the implementation and 
results of affinnati\e action policies. A 
temporaiA implementation committee 
was fonned. which was compo.sed of 
MNR managers from across the pro- 
vince. By the end of March. 1983. the 
committee had made recommendations 
concerning ways of blending aftlmiative 
action policies and procedures into the 
ministry's work program planning and 
perfomiance monitoring systems. 

The new policy means that aftlmiative 
action has become manager-centered — 
a significant change in appitiach fmni the 
two-tiered, centrally-directed network of 
Afllrmative Action Rcpresentati\es 
which had been in place since 1977. 
During 1982-83. the representative net- 
work continued to be in place, but it is 
now being pha.sed out as MNR's line 
managers assume responsibility for af- 
tlmiative action. 

Throughout the 1982-83 fi.scal year. 
MNR's Affimiativc Action Represen- 
tatives organized 14 workshops, which 
were attended by 353 MNR employees. 
The workshops were on topics such as 
stress management, communications 
skills and office technology. The reps 
also organized field trips to MNR opera- 
tions centres such as tree nurseries, fish 
hatcheries and provincial parks, which 
gave female employees a first-hand look 
at the wide ransje of ministry activities. 

Ministry of Natural Resources 
Organization Chart 1983 




























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Ministry of Natural Resources 
Field Organization Chart 1983 












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Dr V G Milne 


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A D Laiornell 

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AE Walroth 


J H Lever 




MP Barder 


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WJ Lowering 


L J Haas 




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D R Johnslon 


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D B McGregor 


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Statement of 
Budgetary Expenditure 

for the Year ended March 31, 1983 

Ministry Administration Program $ thousands 

Main Office 4,581 

Financial Services 2.641 

Supply and Office Services 4,204 

Personnel Services 1 ,576 

Information Services 3,460 

Systems Development Services 912 

Legal Services 946 

Audit Services 814 

Field Administration 31,898 

Total for Ministry Administration 51,032 

Land Management Program 

Conservation Authorities and Water Management 48,707 

Aviation and Fire Management 38,679 

Extra Firefighting 2,981 

Land Management 21 ,957 

Resource Access 4, 100 

Surveys and Mapping 11 ,656 

Total for Land Management 128,080 

Outdoor Recreation Program 

Recreational Areas 31 ,649 

Fish and Wildlife 40,902 

Wasaga Park Community Project 2,377 

Total for Outdoor Recreation Program 74,928 

Resources Products Program 

Mineral Management 21 ,848 

Forest Management 89,447 

Total for Resource Products 111.295 

Resource Experience Program 

Junior Rangers 4,758 

Youth Corps (Experience '82) 2,931 

Leslie M. Frost Natural Resources Centre 1 ,294 

Total for Resource Experience 8,983 

Total Budgetary Expenditure 374,318 

Statement of 
Budgetary Revenue 

for the Year ended March 31, 1983 

Ministry Administration Program $ tliousands 

Reimbursement of Expenditures 

Other 80 

Sales and Rentals : 1 .656 

Recovery of Prior Years' Expenditures 54 

Other 76 

Total for Ministry Administration 1,866 

Land Management Program 


Water Power 23,618 

Timber Area Charges 3,281 


Sand and Gravel 1,406 

Acreage Tax 528 

Fees and Licences 923 

Reimbursement of Expenditures 

Government of Canada 1 , 103 

Other 361 

Sales and Rentals 2.046 

Sale of Crown land 1,692 

Recovery of Prior Years" Expenditures 151 

Total for Land Management 35,109 

Outdoor Recreation Program 

Reimbursement of Expenditures 

Government of Canada 270 

Other 210 

Recreational Areas 7,913 

Fish and Wildlife 14,570 

Recovery of Prior Years' Expenditures 2 

Sales and Rentals 492 

Royalties 729 

Total for Outdoor Recreation Program 24,186 

Resources Products Program 

Mineral Management 

Profits Tax 26,179 

Royalties 4.049 

Fees and Licences 453 

Sales and Rentals 1 ,455 

Forest Management 

Stumpage 39, 172 

Forest Products 268 

Stock Production 665 

Reimbursement of Expenditures 

Government of Canada 1 , 1 87 

Other 13 

Sales and Rentals 547 

Royalties 185 

Total for Resource Products 


Resource Experience Program 

Frost Centre Facilities 


Total for Resource Experience 


Total Budgetary Revenue 


Associated Agencies, 
Boards and Commissions 

The Ministry of Natural Resources is 
associated with a number of agencies, 
boards and commissions. Each of these 
relationships is based on natural 
resources management, and varies from 
group to group. 

Some of the relationships are informal. 
The ministry is Ontario's official natural 
resources manager, and often participates 
informally in the activities of other 
government and private agencies to pro- 
mote co-operation in the effective 
management and protection of the pro- 
vince's namral resources. There are 
many public and private agencies in 
Ontario whose goals and objectives are 
compatible with those of M MR. Such 
groups as the Nature Conservancy of 
Canada, the Ontario Forest Industry 
Association, the Ontario Heritage Foun- 
dation and Parks Canada are examples of 
the many different groups whose interests 
lie within the natural resources sphere. 
MNR's informal relationships with such 
groups encourage co-operation in the 
policy, planning and development of 
Ontario's natural resources. 

Other relationships are more direct, 
through administrative or financial links 
between different groups and MNR. 
Some of these associated agencies pro- 
duce individual annual reports, and the 
reader should refer to the separate annual 
reports of the following agencies for in- 
formation on their activities during 

• Algonquin Forestry Authority 

• Conservation Authorities (Ontario had 
39 Conservation Authorities operating 
during 1982-83) 

• Provincial Parks Council 

The following is a brief description of 
the agencies, boards and commissions 
that are financially or administra 
tively associated with the ministry, 
and do not produce separate annual 
reports of their own. 

Mining and Lands 

The Mining and Lands Commissioner 
exercises administrative and judicial 
ftinctions over a number of statutes which 
are administered by the Ministry of 
Natural resources. During 1982-83, the 
Commissioner conducted 44 hearings. Of 
these, 27 hearings and appeals were 
under The Mining Act, 16 hearings and 
appeals were under The Conservation 
Authorities Act, and one hearing was 
held under The Lakes and Waters Im- 
provement Act. No hearings or appeals 
were heard under The Beach Protection 
Act or The Mining Tax Act in 1983-83. 

On July 1, 1982, the Commissioner's 
office moved from the fifth floor of the 
Mowat Block in Queen's Park to 700 Bay 
Street, Toronto. 

Provincial Boards 
of Examiners 

Every year, MNR staff are appointed to 
two provincial Boards of Examiners, 
which set the written and practical ex- 
aminations for wood measurement. The 
Board members used to be appointed by 
the Lieutenant-Govemor-in-CouncL' but, 
in 1982-83, were appointed for the first 
time by the Minister of Natural 

The boards are responsible for making 
recommendations to the Minister of 
Natural Resources for the issuing of a 
provincial Scaler's Licence to successful 
examination candidates. Scaling is the 
process of estimating the quantity and 
quality of standing timber so that its pro- 
cessed value may be pre-determined. In 
1982-83, the Boards examined about 125 
candidates for Scaler's Licences, and the 
Minister of Natural Resources issued 
Scaler's Licences to 81 successful 

Game and Fish 
Hearing Board 

This board is composed of five members, 
who are appointed by the Lieutenant- 
Govemor-in-CouncU. It conducts hear- 
ings into cases where the ministry has 
refused an application for a commercial 
hunting or fishing licence. The Board 
hears evidence and delivers a written 
summary and recommendations to the 
Minister of Natural Resources, who then 
may or may not issue a licence. 

Public Agricultural 
Lands Committee 

This committee reviews all applications 
for public lands required for agricultural 
purposes. The committee is composed of 
staff from MNR and the Ministry of 
Agriculture and Food. During 1982-83, 
the committee dealt with 12 applications, 
most of which were from farmers who 
wanted to enlarge their operations on 
Crown lands in northern and north- 
western Ontario. 

Ontario Geographic 
Names Board 

The Board was established by statute in 
1968, and is made up of seven members 
— two from MNR (including the 
Surveyor General) and five appointées 
from the private sector. The Board is 
Ontario's official custodian of a bank 
of records containing approximately 
120,000 geographical names. To date, 
about half of these names have been 
officially approved for government use 
on all maps, charts, gazetteers and other 
government publications. 

During 1982-83 , the Board advised the 
Minister of Natural Resources on matters 
affecting Ontario's place names and 
developed policies on the jurisdiction, 
legislation and storage of Ontario's 
geographic names. The Board also 
de\'eloped policies on the treatment of 
French language names in Ontario. The 
Board's Secretariat prepares submis- 
sions, processes recommendations, cor- 
respondence and enquiries. It also meets 
with local government organizations in 
order to resolve disputes. The Secretariat 
handles all official geographic name 
changes for the province. The Sur\'eyor 
General for Ontario co-ordinates On- 
tario's representation at meetings of the 
Canadian Permanent Committee on 
Geographical Names. 

"Tir/m^-lfe--.:i-^- "Y -- 

ISSN 0383-5901 V^'^V 
5639 ■ I ( 




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