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Full text of "Annual report of the Public Works Department, for the year .."




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ANNUAL REPORT 



PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT 

FOR THE YEAR 1935 
[Document 24—1936] 



CONTENTS. 



Part I. 

REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF 
PUBLIC WORKS, 



Page 

Appropriations 6 

Employees 14 

Expenditures 6 

Expenditures, by items, seg- 
regated budget 8 



Page 

General review 2 

Maintenance, comparative 

table 6 

Organization 1 

Revenue 12 



Part II. — Appendix A. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
BRIDGE AND FERRY SERVICE. 

(Bridge Service.) 

(Page 20.) 



Page 

Appropriations, special 43 

Appropriations, special sum- 
mary of 45 

Bridge openings 46 

Bridges, work done on: 
Federal Emergency Relief 

Administration 21 

Charlestown Bridge 22 

Chelsea Bridge North 22 

Huntington Avenue 
Bridge over Boston & 
Albany Railroad 23 



Page 

Summer Street Bridge, 

over Reserved Channel . 23 

Day labor force 24 

Granite Avenue Bridge. . 47 

Bridge Miscellaneous 25 

Expenditures 37 

Expenditures, special ap- 
propriations 45 

Expenditures, special ap- 
propriations, summary 

of 45 

Repairs on bridges 22 

Work done 20 



IV 



Table of Contents. 



(Ferry Service.) 
(Page 20.) 



Page 

Appropriations 48 

Appropriations, amount paid 

from 48 

Balance sheet 50 

Expenditures 48 

Expenditures and receipts 

since 1858 51 



Page 

Ferryboats 20 

Financial statements 48 

Motor vehicle traffic 54 

Receipts at South Ferry .... 53 

Travel on ferry 53 

Traffic rates 54 

Work done 25 



(Sumner Tunnel.) 

(Page 28.) 

Appendix B. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
HIGHWAY DIVISION. 

General Review. 

(Page 55.) 

Federal Public Works Administration 



(Lighting Service.) 
(Page 56.) 



Expenditures 

Financial statement. 



Page 
56 
56 



Work done . 



(Paving Service.) 
(Page 55.) 



Page 
Expenditures, objects of ... . 61 

Expenditures, detail of 61 

General review 61 

Permits 62 

Permits, revenue from 62 



Page 
56 



Page 
56 



Page 

Street openings 62 

Work done 55 

By contract, summary of, 58 
By day labor, summary of, 60 



Table of Contents. V 

Appendix C. 

REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
SANITARY DIVISION. 

(Sanitary Service.) 

(Page 63.) 



Page 

Appropriations 63 

Ashes, collected by contract, 

number of loads 70 

Complaints 66 

Financial statement 63 

Income 63 

Maintenance 63 

Cost of collecting and dis- 
posing of refuse by day 

labor '. 69 



Pack 
Materials : 

Collected by districts 70 

Cost of collecting and 
disposing of refuse by 

contract 68 

Offal collected by con- 
tract, number of loads . . 70 

Work done 63 



(Street Cleaning and Oiling Service.) 
(Page 71.) 

Page 



Expenditures, distribution 

of 71 

Expenditures, items of 71 

Financial statement 71 



Page 

Macadam streets, cost of 

^ oiling 71 

Work done 71 



Appendix D. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
SEWER DIVISION. 

(Page 72.) 



Page 
Expenditures : 

Maintenance 73 

Maintenance, detail of . . . . 73 
Maintenance, detail of, 

recapitulation of 73 

Financial statement 73 

Pumping sewerage, average 
cost per million foot 
gallons 88 



Page 
Pumping station. Calf Pas- 
ture, work done 87 

Pumps, Calf Pasture, aver- 
age lift and duty 87 

Refuse, removing same from 

gatehouse 88 

Summary of sewer construc- 
tion (twelve months) ... 85 

Work done 76 

Work in change of division, 76 



VI 



Table of Contents. 



Appendix E. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
WATER DIVISION. 

(Water Service.) 

(Page 90.) 

Page 

Construction, cost of 92 

Expenditures 92 

Expenditures, detail of 92 

Financial statement 92 

High pressure fire service. . . 94 
Hydrants, total number of, 

December 31, 1935 95 

Hydrants, total number and 

kind of, established and 

abandoned 95 



Page 

Revenue 92 

Service pipes: 

Total number of lengths 

of 93 

Water pipes, total length of . 93 

Work done 90 

Work done, detail of 90 



Appendix F. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
WATER INCOME DIVISION. 

(Page 106.) 



Financial statement 

Shutting off and turning on 

water 

Meter branch 

Meter in service 

Meter repairs 



Page 
107 

108 
110 
111 
112 



Page 

Meters: 

Changed 113 

Applied 114 

Discontinued 110 

Reset 112 



Appendix G. 



REPORT OF THE BOSTON AND CAMBRIDGE 
BRIDGE COMMISSION. 



(Page 116.) 

Page 



Bridges in cliarge of com- 
mission 



116 



Work done . . 
F]xpenditures . 



Page 
IIG 
117 



[Document 24 — 1936.] 




ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT 

FOR THE 

YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1935. 

Boston, January 2, 1 936. 

Hon. Frederick W. Mansfield, 
Mayor of Boston. 
Dear Sir, — In compliance with the Revised Ordi- 
nances, the annual report of the operations and expenses 
of the Public Works Department for the year ending 
December 31, 1935, is respectfully submitted. The 
Public Works Department created by Ordinances, 1910, 
chapter 9, now chapter 27 of the Revised Ordinances of 
1925, was formed by consolidating the Engineering, 
Water and Street Departments. 

Organization. 
The department is composed of six main divisions, viz. : 
Bridge mid Ferry Division. — This division, under a 
division engineer, has the charge and care of all bridges 
used as highways which are, in whole or in part, under 
the control of the city; and the care and management 
of the ferries owned by the city, including boats, slips, 
drops and buildings, and the maintenance and operation 
of the Sumner Tunnel. 



2 City Document No. 24. 

Note. — The Boston and Cambridge Bridges Division, 
so called, is not, strictly speaking, a division of the 
Public Works Department, as this work is in charge of 
a commission of two, one member appointed by the 
Mayor of Boston and one by the Mayor of Cambridge 
under the provisions of chapter 467 of the Acts of 1898; 
but because of the fact that the present Commissioner 
of Public Works is the Boston member of this commis- 
sion, and also because one half of the expense of the 
commission is defrayed by the Bridge Service, it is in 
this report treated as a division of the department. 

Highway Division. — This division, under a division 
engineer, has charge of the construction, reconstruction 
and maintenance of roadways and sidewalks, and the 
care of lamps and lighting of streets, parks and alleys. 

Sanitary Division. — This division, under a division 
engineer, has charge of the collection and removal of 
ashes, garbage and refuse, street cleaning, and the oiling 
and flushing of streets. 

Sewer Division. — This division, under a division 
engineer, has charge of the construction and maintenance 
of sewers, catch-basins and w^aterways. 

Water Division. — This division, under a division 
engineer, has the care of all water pipes in the water 
system, the laying and relaying of water mains and the 
care of the high pressure fire system. 

Water Income Division. — This division, under a 
division engineer, has charge of financial operations in 
connection with the sale of water, reading of water 
meter registrations, making out quarterly water bills 
for all consumers, forwarding said bills to City Col- 
lector's office, installation and maintenance of water 
meters and enforcement of payment of water bills. 

Bridge and Ferry Division. 
On account of the condition of the structure and 
pending the award of the contract for repairing and 
strengthening the bridge, as authorized by chapter 342 



Public Works Department. 



of the Acts of 1934, the Chelsea North Bridge was 
closed to travel on January 13. The contract for the 
repair work was awarded on January 22. Work was 
started immediately and the bridge was opened to 
travel on December 23. There is still some work to 
be done on this bridge. 

Authority was obtained from the Department of 
Public Utilities for a temporary reduction in the toll 
rates of the Sumner Traffic Tunnel. The reduced rates, 
which became effective on January 14, are as follows: 

A. Passenger car $0.15 

B. Tractor without trailer .15 

C. Trailer not in excess of 2-ton capacity . . .15 

D. Trailer over 2 tons up to 5-ton capacity . . .25 

E. Trailer over 5 tons up to 10-ton capacity . . .35 

F. Trailer over 10 tons up to 15-ton capacity . . 1 . 00 

G. Trailer in excess of 15-ton capacity . . . 1.25 
H. Trucks Dot in excess of 2-ton capacity . . . .15 
I. Trucks over 2 tons up to 5-ton capacity . . .25 
J. Trucks over 5 tons up to 10-ton capacity . . .35 
K. Trucks over 10 tons up to 15-ton capacity . . 1 . 00 

L. Trucks over 15-ton capacity 1 . 50 

M. Bus with or without passengers .... .25 

N. Motorcycles 10 

O. Gas supplied to stalled vehicles in tunnel, per gallon, 1 . 00 

Removal of Mechanically Stalled Vehicles from Tunnel. 

P. Passenger cars or tractors $0 . 50 

Q. Trailer or truck not in excess of 2-ton capacity . . 50 

R. Trailer or truck over 2 tons up to 5-ton capacity, . 70 

S. Trailer or truck over 5 tons up to 10-ton capacity, 1 .00 
T. Trailer or truck over 10 tons up to 15-ton 

capacity 2.00 

U. Trailer or truck in excess of 15 tons capacity . 2 . 50 

V. Bus 1.50 

On April 15 the ferryboat "Ralph J. Palumbo" was 
sold at public auction, and in order that the name may 
be perpetuated the ^'General Sumner" was renamed 
"Ralph J. Palumbo" on May 21. 



4 City Document No. 24. 

This division carried out its usual program during 
the year of repairing and maintaining the bridges, ferry- 
boats, etc., under its control. 

Highway Division. 

Work was completed this year on the Street Con- 
struction Program started in 1934 under the grant 
agreement with the United States Government. 

Reports have been made by the Committee on Snow 
Removal appointed by your Honor. This committee, 
composed of representatives of civic organizations, 
transportation companies and city department heads, 
has recommended the purchase of trucks, tractors, 
plows, etc., which will bring up to date the equipment 
used for snow removal. It has also recommended 
changes in methods of snow removal, one of which is a 
reduction in the number of districts in which snow is 
removed by contract. The purchase of the equipment 
recommended by the committee is now under considera- 
tion under a loan of $675,000 which has been authorized. 

Gas street lighting was carried on during the year 
under temporary contracts and a study is being made 
with a view to advertising for bids for a long term 
contract. 

Sanitary Division. 
The customary garbage, ashes and refuse collection 
work and street cleaning activities were carried on by 
this division during the year. Annual contracts were 
awarded for garbage, ashes and refuse collection in East 
Boston, Brighton, Dorchester, West Roxbury and Hyde 
Park, the service in the remainder of the city being 
furnished by the city forces. 

Sewer Division. 
A loan of $250,000 was made available during the 
year for sewerage works. Contracts were awarded for 



Public Works Department. 5 

sewer construction charged to the regular appropriation 
as well as for work done under the P. W. A. grant 
agreement. Work is still in progress under some of 
these contracts. 

Water Division. 

Due to the decrease in building construction there 
has been a corresponding drop in the number of applica- 
tions for water mains. 

A considerable amount of work was done throughout 
the city in replacing with larger sizes mains which had 
been in service for years and which, because of their 
age and condition, were not suitable for fire protection 
or domestic supply purposes. 

The projects upon which grants were obtained from 
the United States Government under the P. W. A. 
were carried on during the year. 

Statements showing appropriations, expenditures and 
revenue received during the year, together with tabula- 
tions indicating the grade and number of employees, 
changes in personnel, etc., in the Public Works Depart- 
ment are attached. 

Reports from the division engineers in charge of the 
various divisions are respectfully submitted. 

Respectfully yours, 

C. J. Carven, 
Commissioner of Public Works. 



City Document No. 24. 



Appropriations. 

The money assigned for the maintenance work of 
the PubHc Works Department during the year 1935 
was derived from the income of the city raised by 
taxation. In December, 1934, the department estimates 
were submitted to the Mayor, in segregated form. 
His Honor the Mayor made such allowances as he 
considered necessary and submitted them to the City 
Council. The total maintenance appropriations as 
passed by the City Council and approved by the Mayor 
are shown below: 



Central Office 
Bridge Service 
Ferry Service . 
Lighting Service 
Paving Service 
Sanitary Ser\nce 
Sewer Service 
Sumner Traffic Tunnel 
Water Division 
Water Income Division 

Total 



$37,108 22 

430,118 22 

374,024 50 

984,562 73 

1,302,962 14 

2,414,954 56 

593,696 78 

245,169 05 

1,075,764 12 

276,730 00 

^7,735,090 32 



The expenditures under the several appropriations 
for the different services for the year 1935 were as 
follows : 



Divisions and Services 
Central Office 
Bridge Service 
Ferry Service 
Lighting Service 
Paving Service 
Sanitary Service 
Sewer Service 
Sumner Traffic Tunnel 
Water Division 
Water Income Division 

Total . . . . 



Current Expenses. 



$36,783 07 
398,466 38 
368,202 10 
995,032 49 
1,364,912 84 
2,335,549 62 
541,889 26 
231,620 96 
932,782 26 
264,610 69 



$7,469,849 67 



Special Appropriations, Etc. 
Water Division: 

Metropolitan Assessment, Interest on 

Debt, Serial Loans, etc. . . . $3,411,470 65 
Public Works Program, chapter 464, Acts 

of 1935 55,889 68 



Carried forward 



$3,467,360 23 $7,469,849 67 



Public Works Department. 7 

Brought forward .... $3,467,360 23 $7,469,849 67 

Bridges, repairs, etc. 53,100 64 

Chelsea North Bridge, repairs and strength- 
ening 210,452 82 

East Boston Ferry, two additional boats and 

other permanent improvements 21,117 09 

Reconstruction of streets .... 99,502 37 

Highways, making of 134,044 79 

Sewerage works 371,975 36 

Snow removal 1,117,154 84 

High Pressure Fire Service, extension of . 9,998 00 
Northern Avenue Bridge, reconstruction and 

repair, P. W. A 235,214 43 

Reconstruction of streets, P. W. A. 491,988 40 
Construction, reconstruction and replace- 
ment of sewers, and covering of open 

water courses, P. W. A 620,471 66 

Replacement of Brookline avenue water 

main, P. W. A 214,209 04 

Water main construction, P. W. A. . 238,597 36 



Total 7,285,187 03 



Grand total $14,755,036 70 



City Document No. 24. 



Expenditures Under the Maintenance Appropriation of the 

From January 1, 1935, 



Group and Item. 



Central. 



Bridge. 



Ferry. 



A. Personal Service .\s per Schedule A. . 

1. Permanent employees 

2. Temporary employees 

3. Unassigned 

B. Service Other than Personal 

I. Printing and binding 

3. Advertising and posting 

4. Transportation of persons 

5. Cartage and freight 

6. Hire of teams and auto trucks 

8. Light, heat and power 

10. Rent, taxes and water 

12. Bond and insurance premiums 

13. Communication 

14. Motor vehicle repairs and care 

15. Motorless vehicle repairs 

16. Care of animals 

18. Cleaning 

19. Removal of ashes, dirt and garbage. 

20. Disposal of ashes, dirt and garbage. 

28. E.xpert 

29. Stenographic, copying, listing, etc.. . 

35. Fees, service of venires, etc 

37. Photographic and blueprinting 

39. General plant 

42. Miscellaneous 

C. Equipment 

2. Machinery 

3. Electrical 

4. Motor vehicles 

5. Motorless vehicles 

6. Stable 

7. Furniture and fittings 

9. Office 

10. Library 

II. Marine 



$35,221 89 



541 44 
55 60 



10 00 



$344,033 94 

331,876 80 

12,102 48 

54 66 

22,951 60 

26 70 

80 50 

824 25 

38 



6,087 02 
355 90 



232 22 
2,232 36 



$240,478 35 

232,521 32 

7,950 03 

7 00 

64.280 31 

204 20 

95 20 

457 05 



2,817 00 

8,907 16 

14 24 

105 00 

311 49 



42 00 



113 20 



15 00 



35 00 

11 67 

13,050 60 



1,.531 75 



23 51 
51 00 



87 10 

181 99 

30 .50 

6 81 



51,144 97 



1,883 88 



63 18 



128 65 



15 50 
523 60 



Public Works Department. 



Several Services by Items of the Segregated Budget, 
to December 31, 1935. 



Paving. 


Sanitary. 


Sewer. 


Tunnel. 


Water. 


Water Income. 


Totals. 


$937,496 20 


$1,379,798 29 


$392,961 33 


$145,687 44 


$645,652 54 


$207,151 70 


$4,336,092 41 


928,171 92 


1,372,954 89 


392,754 74 


132,726 98 


638,780 44 


200,051 89 


4,272,671 60 


9,324 28 


6,843 40 


95 90 

110 69 

79,697 42 


12,960 46 


6,480 86 

391 24 

177,903 04 


7,099 81 


62,857 22 
563 59 


59,547 08 


814,614 64 


63,979 96 


10,821 28 


2,280,209 52 


34 80 


276 55 


37 00 


340 00 


27 00 


360 10 


1,361 95 


9 00 


580 17 


9 25 


1,017 50 


72 41 




1,864 03 


305 55 


272 27 


799 00 


121 40 


697 44 


1.307 25 


4,833 91 


2 72 


19 26 


1 00 


14 05 


2 95 


1 59 


41 95 


11,786 77 


16,296 00 
3,271 13 


396 00 
43,131 62 




2,216 64 
4,612 28 




33,512 41 


1,332 96 


39,182 10 




1,089,179 75 


4,693 40 


2,115 97 

40 00 

1,660 31 


1,393 20 

5 00 

943 52 




636 43 




9,209 14 


182 79 


390 00 
352 46 


100 00 
30 40 


832 79 


2.250 46 


2,034 74 


7,815 60 


-5,937 15 


83,203 79 


10,889 42 


1,031 53 


13,0.57 77 


972 47 


137,927 73 


3 83 


2,106 28 

3.515 90 

221 05 


21 90 

331 05 

14 386 85 








2,132 01 


1,103 35 




921 62 
83 96 




5,871 92 




785 5'' 




15 534 38 




290,868 00 










290 868 00 


8 05 


400,465 00 

1,065 95 

7 00 

359 00 


48 50 
3 50 




1 00 

425 00 

39 25 

165 50 




400,-522 55 








1,625 45 








184 15 


238 00 


161 00 


8 00 


7,905 95 


8.927 45 




27 19 
8,243 82 


4 80 
5.109 24 


9 85 
20,727 55 


126 50 
92,698 73 




180 01 


7,295 01 


143 52 


198,459 94 


4,363 24 




2.025 .57 
22,772 24 




60,083 82 
14,178 34 




69,324 40 


12,863 26 


32, .332 98 


7,972 51 


.33,150 66 


128,148 39 










467 87 

11 61 

3,103 88 




467 87 




4 95 


33 75 
16,635 50 


3.307 12 




3,420 61 


935 66 




20,675 04 




1,030 00 






1,030 00 


10 50 


333 24 

132 84 
114 78 


12 68 
109 20 
238 35 




11 00 
225 05 
170 32 




367 42 


116 88 


22 00 
69 75 




821 72 


407 86 


6,126 34 


7,332 90 


55 50 


31 00 


31 00 


15 50 


31 00 


45 00 


306 00 
530 41 

















10 



City Document No. 24. 



Expenditures Under the Maintenance Appropriation of tlie 

From January 1, 1935, 



Group and Item. 


Central. 


Bridge. 


Ferry. 


Lighting. 


C. 


Equipment. 




$45 72 

672 96 












$866 36 














15. Batteries, tires, etc 


$.38 69 


471 09 

22 78 

12 80 

5,385 46 

1,340 16 




$4 95 




239 03 

47 56 

47,560 36 

766 12 










1,344 62 


p 




906 .54 
668 24 


199 44 




1 Office 


135 17 










3 Fuel 




2,297 58 


44,949 32 




















9 01 
71 38 










50 94 

728 84 

47 80 

920 14 

16,885 64 

15,830 34 








238 30 


64 27 






83 54 
1,680 99 
5,098 62 
3,490 03 












E 












































197 76 
610 90 










464 66 


















590 64 
1,393 02 


799 93 
7,725 80 




F 




















1,393 02 


7,250 09 
475 71 

1,174 78 










H. 






6,284 97 
















$36,783 07 


$398,466 38 


$368,202 10 


$995,032 49 







Public Works Department. 



11 



Several Services by Items of the Segregated Budget. — Concluded. 
to December 31, 1935. 



Paving. 


Sanitary. 


Sewer. 


Tunnel. 


Water. 


Water Income. 


Totals. 














$45 72 


$5,176 43 


$11,616 03 
3,500 00 
15,463 58 


$3,868 89 


$1,272 66 


$5,607 65 


$26,855 19 


55,936 17 
3 500 00 


5,548 81 


1,177 56 


73 96 


4,230 47 


100 49 


27,109 60 


20 00 


65 70 
40 86 


368 66 
296 65 


932 63 

2,278 89 


65 69 
253 80 




1,714 49 
4,890 44 


591 62 


23 64 


28,113 32 


69,565 66 


35,775 46 


4,262 73 


15,186 35 


5,383 73 


212,.3.39 05 


5,293 92 


2,916 98 


1,877 96 


1,046 60 


3,070 45 


4,811 33 


21,926 93 


18 75 








18 20 
1,122 68 




36 9.5 


9,876 65 


2,711 68 


27,217 70 


1,092 94 




89 268 55 


1,863 15 


30,219 87 

29 04 

306 02 

30,578 40 


178 94 

3 78 

109 85 

3,541 85 




436 20 




32 698 16 


22 30 






64 13 


120 07 


120 .57 
1,007 70 


111 29 
6,929 28 




890 12 


8,258 43 


527 83 


51,874 90 


66 34 


293 .54 


4.58 61 


178 05 


42 88 


2 47 


1,173 23 


2,593 71 


2,510 13 


2,386 77 


816 87 


3,4.55 .37 


42 10 


14,406 08 


76,519 50 


26,607 85 


5,707 46 


9,602 61 


62,049 85 


8,103 32 


210,574 85 


557 73 


2,193 21 


795 59 


1,317 50 


.531 55 


80 


24,716 75 


70,828 40 


6,703 92 










77,532 32 






2,787 .59 




.57,308 45 


7,748 67 


67 844 71 




77 40 
.369 35 


24 96 
440 40 


4 13 
7,923 67 


32 63 
1.57 54 




336 88 


76 00 


248 42 


10,290 94 


66 54 












66 .54 


4,990 83 


17,263 97 


1,658 92 


3.57 31 


4,019 68 


105 43 


29,786 71 


12,947 86 


11,276 50 


3,5.32 33 


115 71 


11,051 09 




48,042 31 










3,623 89 
7,406 20 




3,623 89 
.36,427 31 


9,124 00 


8,088 50 


3,165 50 






3,823 86 


3,188 00 


366 83 


115 71 


21 00 




7,991 11 


237,425 62 


1,3.53 70 


1,443 02 




6,761 05 




254,443 14 








$1,364,912 84 


$2,335,-549 62 


$.541,889 26 


$231,620 96 


$932,782 26 


$264,610 69 


$7,469,849 67 



12 



City Document No. 24. 



Revenues, 1935. 

On Account of the Public Works Department, as Per 
Auditor's Statement. 

Central Office : 

Sale of plans, etc $1,025 00 



Bridge Service: 

Chelsea North Bridge . 
Meridian Street Bridge 
Clerical services 
Rent . . . . 
Albany Street Bridge . 
Refund on meter . 



Charlestown Bridge: 
Rents 



Chelsea North Bridge: 

Repair and strengthening, share of costs 
(Commonwealth and city of Chelsea ) 

Northern Avenue Bridge : 

Reconstruction and repair, Federal grant, 



Ferry Service: 

Tolls .... 
Rent .... 
Commission on telephones 
Cleaning telephone booths 
Concessions . 



$19,578 75 

6,465 49 

312 50 

200 00 

182 86 

9 00 



1,615 00 

138,532 88 
59,278 00 



$45,563 08 

468 50 

49 10 

44 00 

10 00 



Lighting Service: 
Damage to posts 



abutters 
in front 
material 



for cost 
of their 



for 



the 



Paving Service: 

From assessments on 

of laying sidewalks 

premises, including 

same 

Assessments added to taxes 
Assessments unapportioned 
Assessments paid in advance 

Permits 

Sale of material .... 

Rent of signs 

Labor and materials furnished, etc 
Repairing signs .... 

Refunds 

Use of rollers 

Reconstruction of streets 

(chapter 366, Acts of 1933, 

as amended), Federal 

grant $147,000 00 

Refund 26 37 



Public Works Program (chapter 464, Acts 
of 1935), State grant 



Carried forward 



$35,395 70 

6,789 63 

2,149 47 

10,010 01 

1,446 23 

315 00 

138 94 

89 73 

53 18 

37 50 



147,026 37 
440,248 00 



226,174 48 



46,134 68 
203 00 



643,699 76 
$917,236 92 



I 



Public Works Department. 



Brought forward 
Sanitary Service: 
Collection of commercial waste 
Sale of manure 
Sale of garbage 
Cleaning dumps 
Sale of junk, etc. . 



S66,203 08 

6,308 35 

3,541 90 

260 00 

84 38 



Sewer Service: 

Pumping sewage, amount re- 
ceived from Commonwealth, $17,857 00 
Entrance fees . . 3,336 01 

Labor and materials furnished, 681 65 



Sew-erage Works: 

Assessments, under chapter 

450, Acts of 1899 
Added to taxes: 

Paid in advance 

Unapportioned . 

Rent 

Services of inspector 



Construction, reconstruction and replace- 
ment of sewers and covering of open 
water courses: 

Federal gi-ant . $141,28104 

Refund of premium on 

surety bond ... 21 05 



Water Service: 

Water rates due: 

For the year 1935 and prior . .'■ 

Service pipes for new water takes, extend- 
ing, repairing, etc. 

Fees on overdue rates . 

Elevator and fire pipe connections 

Labor and materials 

Relocating hydrants 

Damage to hydrants 

Board of horse .... 

Sale of junk 

Testing meters .... 

Weighing fees, etc. 

Shutting off and letting on water 

Water main construction, Federal grant, 

Replacement of the Brookline avenue 
water main, from the Brookline line to 
Beacon street. Federal grant . 



Total 



$22,227 59 
877 20 
280 00 
240 00 
203 00 



$21,874 66 



76,397 71 



141,302 09 



,369,198 95 


24,328 08 


14,520 06 


5,542 56 


4,038 70 


795 32 


703 85 


547 50 


472 25 


314 85 


257 63 


6 00 


98,318 23 


53,170 07 



13 

$917,236 92 



23,827 79 



239,574 46 



4,572,214 05 
^5,752,853 22 



Sumner Traffic Tunnel: 
Tolls . . 



$996,122 40 



14 



City Document No. 24. 



The records of the department show that there are 
now 2,593 persons ehgible for employment m the several 
divisions, and of that number 2,559 were upon the 
January, 1936, pay rolls. 



Grade and Number of Employees. 





Services. 


Title. 


M 
go 

o 


F 








01 


0) 

c 
c 

3 


em 


£ 
-■ ? 




o 




1 




















1 




1 
1 




1 










1 


1 


6 












1 




1 

2 
7 


















1 




2 
29 
14 

1 
13 

7 
30 
11 
16 

4 












2 
10 

2 

4 
2 
4 

1 
3 


1 

28 


1 

22 
5 
2 
5 


7 


Clerks 


11 

27 
10 
13 

7 
36 

7 


10 
1 


2 




3 


115 
57 












15 














35 














16 






48 
13 


22 
10 




2 


1 


17 

8 


160 






50 










19 






2 

6 

22 

3 


12 










2 


20 
















6 






36 
11 


SO 
5 


45 




16 
1 


4 
12 




8 
6 


211 






38 






1 






1 
















9 




















4 






2 
1 
















2 








5 
1 


7 








6 
2 


5 


25 






1 


2 


131 


6 










131 














13 
9 








13 






6 


5 
2 














20 










11 








14 
















42 


42 


























11 


186 


158 


176 


86 


25 


35 


178 


39 


124 


1,018 







Public Works Department. 

Grade and Number of Employees. — Continued. 



15 





Services. 


Title. 


go 
o 


PL, 


02 


>> 


c 
'c 


4) 


c 

3 


01 

K 


6 

£ 




"a 

o 


Brought forward 


11 


186 
3 


158 

8 
3 


176 


86 


25 

20 

7 


35 


178 


39 


124 


1,018 
31 


















10 


















1 


1 










5 


















5 




1 












6 








6 












6 












1 
4 
4 
8 
3 
6 










1 






















4 


Joiners 




















4 






237 
2 


80 
3 




90 


2 


5 


3 

2 

2 
38 


93 

1 

13 

1 


518 






9 


Machinist and assistants 




2 


1 


25 


Meter testers 










2 




















38 


Masons (stone and brick) 






10 












12 








1 










1 








18 




8 
2 










26 




















•-> 


Pavers 




40 














1 

11 

1 


41 


Plumbers 


















11 






6 


1 






3 
8 

7 




2 




24 


Captains 




8 






















7 


Repairers and auto mechanics, 




23 


3 




2 






19 


110 


157 


Roofer 


1 
1 






1 






















1 


Sealers 
















2 




2 








28 

3 

1 












28 


Supervisors and deputy 




2 

1 

11 

2 
















4 














4 




















12 
















1 




3 
















Carried forward 


12 


518 


316 


201 


180 


108 


39 


186 


106 


356 


2,022 



16 City Document No. 24. 

Grade and Number of Employees. — Concluded. 



Title. 



Services. 



ism 
go 
o 



■>3 



M 



ti 




















V 
















r "S 






? 


c 

t. 




tj » 


>> 












Km 


c 

3 

H 






^ 1 



Brought forward 

Stockkeeper 

Stablemen 

Teamsters and helpers 

Telephone operators 

Tollmen-guards 

Chief veterinarian 

Watchmen 

Wharfingers 

Wharfman 

Wheelwrights and assistants. 
Yardmen 



Totals . 



518 



201 

1 

10 

278 



180 



12 



597 



318 



508 



313 



108 



10 



118 



39 



36 



75 



186 



188 



106 



356 



358 



,022 
1 

35 

451 

2 

46 
1 

14 
3 
1 
3 

14 



2,593 



Number of Employees Actually Employed January 1, 1935, and 
January 1, 1936. 













6 








^1 










fF 






5 


■5 M 






-n 








a 


o 

2 

1 
o 










'5 
ca 

CO 


1 

CO 


0^ 

u 03 

m 


1 


"5 



January 1, 1935 


62 


12 


183 


118 


105 


607 


524 


315 


320 


355 


2,601 


January 1, 1936 


72 


12 


188 


116 


106 


589 


498 


315 


308 


355 


2,559 



January 1, 1935. 
January 1, 1936. 



Total Eligible Force. 



62 


12 


183 


119 


106 


619 


536 


320 


323 


359 


75 


12 


188 


118 


106 


597 


508 


318 


313 


358 



2,639 
2,593 



Public Works Department. 



17 



Appointments, Transfers, Resignations, Retirements, Deaths, etc., of Employees. 







J. 


s 






U5 




lO 


£S 


Sj. 










3 ^ 








C5 




03 


'-■> 


'- a 










£Q 




■0 




^- 


Services 


^ 


■s.^ 




i. 


•« 




■s 


III 






■y 


>> 


1935, 1936. 


>> 

(-1 


S 53 


B^ •- ■? 


J 




i 


.b 


=30 


J3 




s 

1-5 




03 

3 
C 
c3 


c *^ 


So s 


IS 

c 


o 
a 
a 


a 


« 


H 


H 





K 




tH 


H 


K 


< 














12 
183 


Central Office 

Bridge 


12 

188 










1 


fi 










1 


1 




10 


* 


? 








1 


119 


Ferry 


118 








4 


13 


•?1 


1 


3 




? 


619 


597 


3 


9 


3 


3 


13 


11 




11 




2 


536 


Sanitary 


508 


3 


3 


1 


2 


8 


q 




3 




2 


323 


Street Cleaning 

Sewer 

Water 


313 


6 


6 






4 

7 
5 


7 
5 










320 

359 

106 

62 


318 

358 

106 

75 


2 
3 
1 


7 
4 








1 




1 




6 




4 






1 
19 






Tunnel 


5 




9 


53 


61 


1 












8 


2,639 


Totals 


2,593 


19 


35 


4 


38 
















• 













PART II. 

APPENDICES. 



20 City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX A. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
BRIDGE AND FERRY DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1936. 

Mr. C. J. Carven, 

Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — I respectfully submit the following report 
of the income, expenditures and operation of the Bridge 
and Ferry Division for the year ending December 31, 
1935. The expenditures of the division in the regular 
maintenance appropriations of the department were 
$998,289.44. Under a number of special appropriations 
$519,884.98 was expended, making the total expendi- 
tures for the year $1,518,174.42. This does not include 
certain expenditures for construction work for other 
departments, which work was supervised by the engineers 
of this division. 

Under an order of the Department of Public Utilities, 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, a new schedule of 
tolls and charges for the use of the Sumner Traffic 
Tunnel, between Boston Proper and East Boston, was 
approved for a temporary period beginning January 13, 
1935, at midnight. 

The work of repairing and strengthening Northern 
Avenue Bridge, under a contract with M. F. Gaddis, 
was completed and the bridge was opened to travel at 
9.23 a. m. on November 27, 1935. A detailed statement 
of this work appears further on in this report. 

The ferryboat "Ralph J. Palumbo" was sold at 
public auction April 15, 1935, for $43,700. 

Under authority granted by the Director of Naviga- 
tion and Steamboat Inspection Service, the name of 
the ferryboat "General Sumner" was changed to that 
of "Ralph J. Palumbo," on May 21, 1935. 

Under the provisions of House Bill No. 1625, providing 
for the repair and strengthening of Chelsea Bridge 



Public Works Department. 21 

North, over the Mystic river, by the City of Boston, 
this bridge was closed to traffic at midnight, January 13, 
1935. A contract was awarded to Coleman Brothers, 
Inc., for repairing and strengthening this bridge and 
work was started January 22, 1935. The bridge was 
opened to travel December 23, 1935. A detailed state- 
ment of this work appears further on in this report. 

The more important works undertaken during the 
past year in the Bridge Service were the repairing and 
strengthening of Chelsea Bridge North and the building 
and maintenance of a temporary footway at this loca- 
tion; repairs to steel work at Huntington Avenue Bridge 
and repairs to Summer Street Bridge, over Reserved 
Channel. 



Federal Emergency Relief Administration. 

The following Federal Emergency Relief Projects 
were supervised by this division: 

Dover Street Bridge chipped and painted; steel 
and rollers of turntable cleaned and red leaded and 
draw fender piers repaired. Repairs to fender piers of 
Dorchester Avenue Bridge. Warren and Charlestown 
Bridges, repairs to fender piers. Retaining wall at 
Charlestown Bridge repaired. Longfellow Bridge, re- 
pairs to parapet walls. Glenwood Avenue Bridge (over 
Mother Brook) cleaned and painted. Summer Street 
Bridge (over Fort Point Channel), approach spans 
chipped, cleaned and painted. Six Ferry towers 
chipped, cleaned and painted. Field Surveys for Record 
Plans: — Two field parties worked, one at Meridian 
Street Bridge and the other at Warren and Charlestown 
Bridges. Work included soundings, profile and cross 
section plans for proposed new bridge at West River 
street (over Mother Brook), Hyde Park, and at Wal- 
worth street, over New York, New Haven and Hartford 
Railroad, new- bridge at Bennington street, over Boston, 
Revere Beach and Lynn Railroad, and Broadway 
Bridge, over Boston and Albany Railroad. Bridge 
Inspection and File Card System : — Plans of twenty- 
three bridges in the city have been converted to the 
bridge cards. About the same number of bridge inspec- 
tion reports have been made and filed in the book 
holders. About 210 men were employed on the different 
projects. All our E. R. A. Projects were finished during 
the year. 



22 City Document No. 24. 



Bridge Service. 

Charlestoum Bridge. — A contract with John F. Shea 
Company, Inc., for repairing and painting spans 1 and 2 
of this bridge was completed August 9, 1935, at a cost 
of $23,505.58. 

Granite Avenue Bridge, Over Neponset River. — A con- 
tract with the Codman Hill Construction Company, 
for strengthening and redecking this bridge, was com- 
pleted February 19, 1935, at a cost of $14,484.59, of 
which the County of Suffolk paid one-half the cost and 
the Town of Milton one-half the cost. 

Chelsea Bridge North. 

On January 21, 1935, a contract with Coleman 
Brothers Corporation was approved by the Mayor for 
rebuilding the fixed spans and making certain repairs 
to the draw machinery. 

For several years it was known that the fixed spans 
were in a critical condition, but due to lack of appro- 
priation the project for rebuilding was postponed from 
year to year. While the present steel draw span was 
built in 1912, it might be said in passing that none of 
the supporting piles of the fixed spans were driven 
later than 1880 and all these had been spliced for a 
subsequent raising of the street grade. To supplant 
this old structure with its wooden pile bents, this 
division designed a permanent type of structure con- 
sisting of a concrete deck system on steel girder spans, 
which were supported on masonry piers. To expedite 
the movement of vehicular traffic the draw was to be 
raised about 14 feet in order that many tow boats 
could pass the bridge without requiring an opening of 
the draw. 

In making the appropriation for the inevitable re- 
building, the sum available was so much less than the 
estimated cost of the proposed project that it was 
necessary to change the design to one of a more tempo- 
rary nature and follow essentially the type structure as 
originally built, namely, a wooden trestle bent system. 

Due to various unavoidable delays the work under 
this contract has not yet been completed. 

Northern Avenue Bridge. 

On January 26, 1934, the utter failure of one top 
chord suspension link of one of the draw trusses and the 



Public Works Department. 23 

partial failure of an adjacent link, put the bridge perma- 
nently out of commission until repairs of a major 
caliber were completed. 

Since the necessary expenditures to again put the 
draw in operation would be so great, it was deemed 
advisable to obtain expert opinion from unbiased 
sources. While one consultant was retained in the 
summer of 1933 to deal with the draw structure and 
fixed spans, no report was received until after the 
failure noted above. A second consultant was called 
in and finally after a complete investigation and careful 
consideration of the structure as a whole, it was decided 
to entirely dismantle the draw, rebuild the concrete 
draw pit from about grade up; rebuild the draw span, 
using only the old floor beams, truss posts and some 
minor members, repair the fixed spans and redeck the 
entire structure. 

Upon decision on the method of procedure, plans and 
specifications for doing the work were prepared and 
on September 27, 1934, a contract with M. F. Gaddis 
was approved by the Mayor and the P. W. A. The 
project became known as the P. W. A. Docket No. 9177. 
Work started at once but due to severe winter weather 
progress was arrested for a considerable period and the 
contract was not completed until November 27, 1935, 
at a contract price of $266,983. 

Huntington Avenue Bridge, over Boston and Albany 

Railroad. 

Due to excessive corrosion and erosion of all exposed 
structural steel, caused by the flue gases of passing 
locomotives, it was decided at this time to attempt 
reducing the future cost of cleaning and painting by 
applying a metal coating to all exposed steel; the 
coating to be capable of resisting action of acids con- 
tained in flue gases. 

To this end a contract with the Metallicoat Corpo- 
ration of New England was approved by the Mayor 
on October 18, 1935, for cleaning and coating all exposed 
bridge structurals. 

Work under this contract was not completed on 
December 31, 1935. 

Summer Street Bridge, over Reserved Channel. 
Due to normal aging and rotting of the piling and 
timber work supporting the retractile rails of this 
bridge, considerable renewals and repairs were necessary. 



24 City Document No. 24. 

On October 18, 1935, a contract with John F. Shea 
Company, Inc., was approved by the Mayor to make 
the above noted renewals and repairs and certain other 
miscellaneous work advisable at this time. 

Work under this contract was not completed during 
the year. 

Day Labor Force. 

The Day Labor Force patched and replaced deck 
sheathing and headers and sidewalk planking on various 
bridges, repaired platforms, refastened treads, repaired 
draw headers, cleaned and painted draw houses and 
shelter houses at Summer Street Bridge, made repairs 
to draw houses and controller houses, added to counter- 
weights, repaired steps, removed snow and ice from 
bridges and sanded same, repaired piers, painted fences 
and gates, did general carpenter work and painting, and 
made mechanical repairs, etc. 

At Babson Street Bridge, patched roadway wood block 
paving. At Bennington Street Bridge made forms for 
concrete bulkheads; painted and cleaned steel structure 
and rebuilt the bridge. Repaired bulkhead at Chelsea 
Street Bridge and patched pier, sidewalk and sheathing. 
Built temporary draw house at Chelsea North Bridge; 
laid temporary cable across channelway. Rebuilt up- 
stream City end approach at Charlestown Bridge; 
refastened traffic treads. Patched pier and pit at 
Dorchester Avenue Bridge and painted boat; made 
new gates. At Harvard Street Bridge rebuilt one bay. 
At Jones Avenue Footbridge patched platform, steps and 
rail. At Meridian Street Bridge built temporary side- 
walk barrier; built concrete base under header and 
repaired end lift. At Maiden Bridge, patched roadway 
under granite paving; repaired float, refastened traffic 
treads. At Northern Avenue Bridge, moved engineers' 
shanty; cleaned and painted air tanks. At Norfolk 
Street Bridge placed new headers. At Summer Street 
Bridge, over Fort Point Channel, patched pier, painted 
posts and signals. At Summer Street Bridge, over Fort 
Point Channel, placed new headers. At Warren Bridge 
patched roadway under granite block paving; rebuilt 
upstream draw; cleaned and painted steel beams of 
draw floor; placed new headers and patched decking; 
rebuilt upstream side of bridge; adjusted balance of 
draw span; built new snow guard. Removed loose 
concrete from ceilings of Beacon Street Bridge, Brook- 



Public Works Department. 25 

line Avenue Bridge and Dartmouth Street Bridge. 
Repaired and built fences at various bridges. Placed 
new stringers and decking under floor of garage at 
Bridge Yard. INIade miscellaneous small repairs at 
various bridges. 

Miscellaneous. 
Aside from the purely divisional activities there was 
an appreciable amount of time and effort spent in other 
departmental work and work outside of the department 
itself. It should be noted in every case that work was 
deemed by the Commissioner to be of an emergency 
nature that required immediate attention of the person- 
nel of this division. Some of these items follow : 

Albany Street Disposal Station. 
For repairs to the Albany Street Disposal Station, a 
contract was approved by the Mayor on October 29, 
1935, with Joseph M. Fish, to make certain renewals 
and repairs to the so-called high platform. Work under 
this contract was not completed at the end of the year. 

Deer Island. 
On September 13, 1935, a contract was approved by 
the Mayor, with A. Orlando, Inc., to make general 
repairs to the wharves at Deer Island, for the Penal 
Institutions Department. This work was made neces- 
sary on account of normal wearing and weathering of 
the structures. Work under this contract was com- 
pleted on November 9, 1935, at a cost of $6,012.10. 

Ferry Service. 
The following ferryboats are in commission: 

Name. When Built. Length. Gro.ss Tons. 

Lieutenant Flaherty 1921 174 ft. 755 

Charles C. Donoghue 1926 174 " 4 in. 756.77 

Daniel A. MacCormaek 1926 174 " 4 in. 756.77 

Ralph J. Palumbo (formerly General 

Sumner) ' 1930 174 " 4 in. 779 

All these boats are of the propeller type and are all 
steel boats. 

The work of this service for the year consisted of the 
following : 

Ferryboat ^'Charles C. Donoghue." 

Incidental to the annual inspection of the vessel, as 
required by the United States Steam Boat Inspection 



26 City Document No. 24. 

Service, a contract with the Marine Company was 
approved by the Mayor on June 18, 1935, for a general 
overhaul. All work done was of a routine nature, made 
necessary on account of normal running of the ship. 
Work under this contract was completed on Julv 23, 
1935, at a cost of $9,531.23. 

Ferryboat "Lieutenant Flaherty." 

On January 9, 1935, a contract with the Quincy Dry 
Dock and Yacht Corporation was approved by the 
Mayor to complete certain repairs to the hull, super- 
structure and machinery of the ''Lieutenant Flaherty," 
all incidental to the required annual inspection by the 
United States Steam Boat Inspection Service. 

At this time it was evident that considerable repairs 
to the vessel were necessary, due to unavoidable cor- 
rosion of hull members, etc. Included in the repairs 
was a lining up of one of the crank shafts of a main 
engine and the rebuilding of a section of main guard 
about 72 feet in length. 

Work under this contract was completed on April 18, 
1935, at a cost of $13,874.20. 

Owing to United States Steam Boat Inspection Serv- 
ice requirements, the necessity of which became 
apparent as work under the above contract proceeded, 
it was deemed advisable to advertise a second contract 
for further hull repairs. 

On April 29, 1935, a contract with the Marine Com- 
pany was approved by the Mayor, to rebuild the remain- 
ing sections of guards of the ship and some minor 
repairs to sponson braces and structural plates, etc. 
Work under this contract was completed June 8, 1935, 
at a cost of $7,955.78. 

Ferryboat "Daniel A. MacCormack." 
On December 2, 1935, a contract with the Marine 
Company was approved by the Mayor for a general 
overhaul of the vessel, including machinery and equip- 
ment, all in preparation for the annual inspection, as 
required by the United States Steam Boat Inspection 
Service. 

Work under this contract was started but not com- 
pleted by the last of the year. 

Ferryboat "General Sumner ^ 
On August 21, 1935, a contract with the Quincy Dry 
Dock and Yacht Corporation was approved by the 



Public Works Department. 27 

Mayor, for making repairs to the vessel to prepare for 
the annual inspection as required by the United States 
Steamboat Inspection Service. 

At this time the name of the vessel was officially 
changed from "General Sumner" to "Ralph J. 
Palumbo"; the change of name was occasioned by the 
selling of the original "Ralph J. Palumbo," built in 
1921, and the naming of the Sumner Traffic Tunnel. 

The work under this contract was completed September 
24, 1935, at a cost of $6,781.90. 



Sprinkler Systejns for Ferryboats. 

Complying with a recent requirement of the United 
States Steamboat Inspection Service, that all ferryboats 
shall be equipped with sprinkler systems, serving all 
covered roadways, plans and specifications were pre- 
pared in this office and approved by the United States 
Steamboat Inspection Service. 

On November 1, 1935, a contract with the Grinnel 
Company was approved by the Mayor to cover the 
above work. The requirements of the contract were 
not completed by the last of the year. 

Toll Registers. 

In order to simplify taking and checking the tolls 
received from vehicles at the South Ferry, a contract 
with the Ohmer Register Company was approved by the 
Mayor on June 15, 1935, for the furnishing and installing 
of four registers; one at each of the four entrances to the 
ferry slips. 

These registers not only record the tolls received but 
tabulate them as well. Further, when the toll is regis- 
tered, the sum paid is indicated to the payer. 

Work under this contract was completed in August at 
a cost of $2,603. 

Department Force. 

During the year machinists, carpenters, painters, 
riggers and electricians, who make up the personnel of 
the Ferry Service, made all repairs possible to the plant 
to the extent of equipment at their disposal. This work 
was made up mainly of minor repairs to the machinery 
on the boats, repairs to ferry bridge machinery, ferry 
bridge roadways and headhouse repairs in general. 



28 City Document No. 24. 

Sumner Tunnel. 
Summary of Work During 1935. 

A new 6-inch discharge pipe Une was installed under 
roadway in fresh air duct between the harbor pump 
room and East Boston ventilation shaft to replace the 
old abandoned 8-inch discharge line. 

During the time that the discharge pipe line was out 
of service, 1,017,000 gallons of water were pumped 
from the sumps under the roadway into tank trucks 
and dumped into the sewer on the plazas. 

Floats, Selsjm indicators and high water alarm 
switches were installed in harbor pump room. Water 
level in the sumps is recorded in the control room, also 
indication lights and bell alarm for high water level and 
pump in operation. 

Two traffic signal units that were knocked down by 
trucks were repaired and replaced. 

Signs were installed in the tunnel reading, "no pass- 
ing," "keep in line," ''don't blow horn," "lights 
off" and '.'lights on." 

Electric heaters were installed in fire extinguisher 
niches in the tunnel. 

A check valve was installed in the sump under the 
roadway to equalize the water level between the seepage 
and drainage sumps. 

A water tank was installed in the harbor pump room 
to provide priming and sealing water for the pumps 
during the winter months. 

Two bulkhead doors were installed in the harbor 
pump room. 

Handles were installed on doors of fire extinguisher 
cabinets in the tunnel. 

Covers of splicing chambers in tunnel were removed, 
all duct ends and chambers cleaned, drain hole cut in 
covers, and covers painted. 

Grilles over exhaust ports on tunnel ceiling were 
fastened up by hook bolts. 

Extensive repairs were made on telephone system 
during February and March. All communication splic- 
ing chambers in the tunnel were opened and about three 
feet of ice and water cleaned out of many of the chambers. 
All telephone junction boxes were opened, water drained 
out, terminals replaced, painted with insulating varnish, 
and junction box covers sealed. Water leaking into 
the junction boxes had caused failure on telephone 
system. 



Public Works Department. 29 

A special Spencer explosion-proof vacuum cleaner for 
cleaning exhaust air duct above tunnel ceiling was 
obtained. 

Magnetos on various fans repaired and appropriate 
changes made to prevent future trouble. 

The engineering work of designing the visible toll 
indicators system has been completed. The indicators 
have been received, specifications have been completed 
for the relay equipment, but the relays have not been 
received. Installation of toll indicators postponed until 
1936. 

Blower and exhaust air regulators at Boston and 
East Boston ventilation shafts were painted. 

All cables in ventilation buildings were pulled up and 
anchored. 

Electric heaters were installed in the CO rooms in the 
ventilation buildings. 

All exhaust fan rooms in ventilation buildings were 
cleaned. 

Lighting standards No. 5 and No. 6 on Boston plaza 
were taken down and cables feeding these standards 
pulled out. 

Police booth on Boston plaza moved to new location 
opposite toll booth of lane No. 6. Cables feeding to 
police booth removed. 

The island between entrance lanes and exit on Boston 
plaza cut back approximately fifty feet. 

New lighting standards were installed and connected 
at No. 29 and No. 32 on Porter street. East Boston 
plaza. (Pole No. 32 was knocked down by a truck at 
1.45 p. m., March 12, 1935, and pole No. 29 was knocked 
down at 6.40 p. m., April 12, 1935.) 

Islands were built around plaza lighting standards 
along Porter street, East Boston plaza. Bumpers were 
installed consisting of four 6-inch concrete-filled steel 
pipes. 

Installation of Neon signs on Boston and East Boston 
plazas was completed. 

Tank truck was equipped with standpipe and spray 
nozzles for washing the tunnel walls. 

Exit lane of East Boston plaza was widened by mov- 
ing back wall on Havre street side. 

Lighting standard No. 26 on East Boston plaza was 
removed. Lighting standard No. 25 on East Boston 
plaza was moved to new location due to moving wall. 

Openings were cut in the grilles over the louvers at 
the ventilation buildings for snow removal. 



30 City Document No. 24. 

Defective condenser on fan controller No. E-20 in 
East Boston ventilation building was replaced by the 
manufacturer. 

Repairs made to the elevator in the East Boston 
ventilation building. Main feed cable to the penthouse 
was pulled up and anchored; cables repaired and 
properly supported under the floor of the elevator; 
disconnecting switch in penthouse repaired. 

All cable manholes were pumped twice during the 
year. 

Elevators and the control equipment for the elevators 
in both ventilation buildings were overhauled and 
repaired at regular intervals. 

Alterations were made to the code call system for 
proper operation during the equalizing charge period of 
the storage batteries. 

Alterations were made to the circuit of flicker relays 
so that relays can be repaired without affecting the 
control bus. 

Alterations were made to the Type MC relays on the 
tunnel lighting circuits to eliminate false indications. 

Conduits and ground cable in the East Boston ventila- 
tion shaft were cleaned and painted. 

The location of the code call bell on the fourth floor 
of the East Boston ventilation building was changed so 
that the bell can be heard in the motor-generator and 
battery rooms. 

Alterations were made to the carbon-monoxide ana- 
lyzers to facilitate better manintenance and operation. 
Defective thermo-couple units were replaced. 

Changes were made in the connections for the opera- 
tion of the code call lights in the tunnel. 

Electric heaters with dew-point thermostat control 
were installed in the 460-volt switch rooms in the ven- 
tilation buildings to stop and prevent corosion and mold 
growth. 

All protective relays on power circuit breakers were 
tested, checked and repaired. 

Drain holes were cut in the niches of the control 
stations in the tunnel. The traffic signal relays and 
switches in the tunnel were cleaned, adjusted and re- 
paired at regular intervals. 

The oil level was checked and oil added as required to 
all power and lighting transformers. Covers on the 
transformers were tightened to stop oil leakage. 

Defective graphic voltmeters were repaired. 



Public Works Department. 31 

Alterations were made on all Type CO relays (60 
total) to insure positive operation and eliminate false 
indications. 

Oil in power transformers was checked and tested for 
dielectric strength and acidity. 

Repairs made to Selsyn indicator and to motor 
control apparatus of air regulators. 

Induction regulators checked, adjusted and repaired 
at regular intervals. 

All switching equipment tested, adjusted and re- 
paired at regular intervals. 

Extension bells were installed on telephones in 
garages. 

Telephone installed in harbor pump room. 

Repairs made to ventilation fan No. W13 in Boston 
ventilation building. 

Fan motor control apparatus was cleaned, adjusted 
and repaired at designated intervals. 

Tunnel lighting fixtures cleaned and repaired. 

Connections to code call bells in East Boston garage 
changed to eliminate noise in telephone system and to 
provide necessary additional telephone circuit. 

Flue stack of boiler in East Boston garage insulated 
to reduce heat on conduits and prevent damage to 
cables. 

Ventilator pipes installed at East Boston basement. 

All catch-basins in tunnel, sumps and fresh air ducts 
cleaned at intervals. 

Tunnel and plaza roadway repaired as required. 

All steel work in Boston and East Boston ventilation 
shafts painted. 

Commutators of the 4-motor generators were ground 
and polished. 

Type of tachometer on control board changed. 

Additional cable racks installed in communication 
splicing chamber to support sagging cable joints. 

Cracked cable joints caused by sagging cables 
repaired. 

New cable installed to replace defective cable for 
damper motor on fan No. Ell — East Boston ventilation 
building. 

The electric heater in the wash room of the East 
Boston ventilation building changed to a larger size to 
prevent freezing of water piping. 

Tests were made at various times on the control 
cables between the ventilation buildings to determine 



32 City Document No. 24. 

the causes of failure on control circuits for various 
equipment. Connections were changed for obtaining 
proper operation and indication. 

Connection blocks and plugs installed on toll registers. 

New back pawls were installed and other alterations 
made on toll registers. 

Various alterations and improvements were made on 
key boxes of toll registering equipment. 

Twelve lengths (2,250 feet) of 19-conductor, size No. 19 
special cable were installed between the toll registers 
and the toll booths in East Boston to replace defective 
cables that were damaged by excessive heat from the 
boiler. 

In collaboration with engineers of the Simplex Wire 
& Cable Company, a complete survey was made of the 
cables in the tunnel. All cable sheaths were inspected 
for indications of corrosion, galvanic action, chemical 
action, and electrolysis. Readings were taken of poten- 
tials between various cable sheaths, and from cable 
sheaths to ground and other structures. Chemical 
tests were made on leakage water and sludge accu- 
mulation. 

The purpose of this cable survey was to determine 
the causes of the cable failures, and to enable recom- 
mendations to be made for reducing or eliminating the 
causes of the trouble. 

From this cable survey and a careful study of the 
results obtained, and also from the inspection of the 
cables that have been removed, the cable failures can 
be attributed to electrolysis due to leakage currents, 
combined with some galvanic action and chemical 
action. The cables have been affected seriously due 
to the fact that the cables are not properly bonded and 
grounded. The telephone cable through the tunnel 
has already been destroyed by these actions and it 
must be replaced. Other cables are beginning to be 
affected. 

In order to reduce the chemical and galvanic action 
and to eliminate the electrolysis action due to leakage 
currents, it is recommended that a ground network of 
sufficient size be properly installed and all cables be 
bonded and grounded. 

Approximately 20,000 feet of temporary telephone 
lines were installed above the tunnel ceiling in the 
exhaust air duct, and connected to the telephones in the 
tunnel, East Boston ventilation building and East 



Public Works Department. 33 

Boston plaza. These temporary lines were necessary 
while the new telephone cable was being installed. All 
telephones were kept in service during the entire period 
of replacing the telephone cable. 

Five 415-foot lengths (2,075 feet) of 16-pair and six 
lengths (approximately 250 feet total) of 5-pair of 
Anhydrex rubber-jacketed telephone cable were pulled 
in to replace the old defective lead-covered telephone 
cable. The remainder of the defective lead telephone 
cable will be replaced by Anhydrex rubber-jacketed 
cables in 1936. 

Telephone junction boxes have been altered for the 
new rubber-jacketed type of telephone cable. New 
compound-filled type of cable terminals have been 
installed on the junction boxes; type of connection 
strips have been changed; and mounting screws have 
been changed from iron to brass screws. For the 
purpose of maintaining continuous service for all 
telephones, two extra spare pairs have been taken to 
every telephone station. 

An earthquake was reported at 1.07 a. m. November 1, 
1935. Air ducts and the tunnel structure were carefully 
inspected, but no apparent damage could be found. 

Byrd's expedition airplane passed through the tunnel 
at 3.23 a. m. on June 1, 1935. 

In August several general changes were made in the 
operation of the ventilation equipment. The point of 
the alarm on the carbon monoxide recorders in the 
control room was changed from 3.0 to 2.5 parts of 
carbon monoxide per 10,000 parts of air. The method 
of ventilation was changed to a balanced set-up, i. e., 
an equal number of blowers and exhausters in each 
building. This arrangement of fan set-up gives trans- 
verse air currents in the tunnel and reduces the longi- 
tudinal air currents which would cause smoke and gases 
to pass from one section of the tunnel to the next 
section. A schedule of heavy traffic periods was made 
up, and the operator on duty during these periods has 
been instructed to watch the carbon monoxide recorders 
and to keep the dilution of the tunnel air below 1.5 
parts of carbon monoxide per 10,000 parts of air. These 
changes in the operation of the ventilation equipment 
have produced much better air conditions in the tunnel. 

During the year there were reported 456 emergency 
tow jobs in the tunnel. 

During the year there were 23 traffic accidents in the 



34 City Document No. 24. 

tunnel. Of this number only five accidents were serious 
in which persons were injured. 

During the year there were reported only six fires in 
the tunnel. Most of these fires were minor with little 
damage. In only one case was a fire alarm pulled to 
call in the equipment of the Boston Fire Department. 

In the case of a fire, wreck, or other serious trouble 
in the tunnel, the guards on duty push an emergency 
button which sets "red" traffic lights at the toll booths 
on each end of the tunnel in order to stop all traffic from 
entering the tunnel. During the year, the booth-red 
was put on 38 times. The average time duration of the 
BOOTH-RED was 8.7 miuutes. Many of these booth-red 
signals were either unnecessary or were for minor 
troubles. The maximum length of time that the 
BOOTH-RED was OR and all traffic was prevented from 
entering the tunnel was 50 minutes on August 8 for a 
truck fire. 

Toll Indicators. 

As originally designed and transferred to this depart- 
ment for operation, the system of recording tolls received 
in the plazas included the display of an arbitrary illumi- 
nated number displayed over the roadway used by the 
vehicles going through, so located that it was visible 
only to observers some distance from the toll collector's 
station. 

While this system may have at some time appeared 
sufficient, it was felt by this department that in order 
for the system to be more satisfactory to all, including 
the payer of the toll, some visible receipt of the tariff 
received should be displayed at some location readily 
seen by the payer. This work required the installing of 
standards with the necessary electrical equipment, 
lights, signs, etc., near the tollmen's stations of each 
roadway. 

To furnish and install the necessary equipment, a 
contract with the Graybar Electric Company, Inc., 
was approved by the Mayor on December 27, 1935. 

Work under this contract was not completed during 
the current year. 

Changing Inscriptions on Entrance. 

In view of the fact that the inscriptions over the 
entrance to the tunnel were designed and executed some 
time before the actual completion of the work and the 



Public Works Department. 35 

opening of the tunnel for traffic, it was natural that some 
of the data covered by the inscriptions was not quite 
accurate. 

To make the necessary corrections a contract with the 
Gorham Company of Providence, R. I., was approved 
by the Mayor on July 30, 1935. This work was com- 
pleted in October at a cost of $2,000. 

Obituary. 

On October 5, 1935, the department and the entire 
city service suffered a very serious loss when Division 
Engineer Leo Bayles Reilly died. 

Mr. Reilly started work in 1906 as a rodman and 
inspector of construction on the Washington Street 
Tunnel and the Cambridge Tunnel, Boston. From 
1907 to 1912 he was employed by J. R. Worcester 
Company, consulting engineers, and from 1912 to 1913 
was employed by the Bay State Railway Company as 
bridge engineer and engineer of grade crossings, in 
charge of construction, maintenance and strengthening 
of 400 street railway bridges. 

He entered the service of the City of Boston on 
December 1, 1913, as an assistant engineer, working on 
plans and specifications for the construction of city 
bridges. In 1915 he was appointed engineer in charge 
of the Strandway improvement. South Boston. This 
work included the dredging of Pleasure Bay, the recla- 
mation of 100 acres of land for park purposes, the 
construction of drains, sewers, roads, sidewalks, etc., 
for the construction of Columbia Park. 

In 1915 he was appointed principal assistant en- 
gineer. Bridge and Ferry Division, in charge of the 
design and construction of bridges, docks, wharves, 
sea w^alls, retaining walls, underpasses and other mis- 
cellaneous construction for the city. Mr. Reilly was 
interested in the building of the following structures: 

Chelsea Bridge South, over the Mystic river. 
Beacon Street Bridge, over the Boston & Albany Railroad. 
Brookline Avenue Bridge, over the Boston & Albany Railroad. 
Clarendon Street Bridge, over the Boston & Albany Railroad. 
Columbus Avenue Bridge, over the New York, New Haven & 

Hartford Railroad. 
Summer Street Bridge, over Reserved channel. 
Congress Street Bridge, over Fort Point channel. 
Wharves at Long Island and Deer Island. 
The Roxbury Canal, waterfront improvement. 
The rebuilding of various ferry berths and bulkheads. 



36 City Document No. 24. 

He was appointed Division Engineer on August 24, 
1933, to succeed Division Engineer John E. Carty, who 
died on February 5, 1933. 

As Division Engineer, Mr. Reilly had charge of the 
rebuilding of Milton Lower Mills Bridge, the repairing 
and strengthening of Chelsea North Bridge, the rebuild- 
ing of Northern Avenue Bridge, repairing of Granite 
Avenue Bridge, repairs to Charlestown Bridge, and 
miscellaneous repairs and improvements on the various 
bridges, ferries and Sumner Traffic Tunnel. He had 
charge of Federal Civil Works Administration in this 
division, also E. R. A. and P. W. A. work. 

He was a graduate of Roxbury Latin School, Harvard 
College and Boston College; a member of the Boston 
Lodge of Elks No. 10, Knights of Columbus, Bishop 
Cheverus Assembly, National Geographic Societj'^ and 
the Engineers' Club of Boston. 

Mr. Reilly is survived by his wife, Ellen C. Reilly, 
and his three children, L. Bayles Reilly, Jr., Cecelia Anne 
Reilly and Frances Reilly. 

Mr. Reilly was a man of high ideals and great ability, 
modest and unassuming and fair in all his dealings. He 
had the regard and esteem of his superiors and sub- 
ordinates. His eulogy is a record of a life spent in the 
service of the public. 

Yours respectfully, 

Thomas H. Sexton, 
Division Engineer. 



Public Works Department. 



37 



BRIDGE SERVICE. 



Financial Statement for 1935. 
Expenditures from Maintenance Appropriation. 

Boston bridges $393,221 38 

Boston and Cambridge bridges . 5,245 00 

$398,466 38 



Total Expenditures. 
From maintenance appropriation . $398,466 38 
From special appropriations . . 498,767 89 





tipo 1 C,^'J-t ^ ( 


Expenditures of Boston Bridges. 


iministration : 
Salaries: 




Division engineer 


$3,000 00 


Supervisor .... 


1,233 33 


Engineers and draughtsmen 


38,903 91 


Foreman .... 


2,500 00 


Clerks 


5,200 00 


Inspectors .... 


6,900 00 


Veterans' pension 


1,393 02 


Holiday and vacation 


6,867 95 


Printing, postage and station- 


- 


ery 


1,309 76 


Traveling expense 


428 68 


Telephone 


14 45 


Engineers' supplies and instru- 




ments 


190 18 


Typewriter inspection 


18 00 


Office supphes .... 


286 34 


Blueprint room 


50 06 

atao one aq 




^KJOf^i/O UO 



38 



City Document No. 24. 



Yard and Stockroom : 






Yard: 






Clerk, watchmen and yardmen 


$8,560 18 


Traveling expense 




395 57 


Tools — new and repaired 


770 44 


Telephone . 




217 77 


Towels 




15 00 


Light . 




119 70 


Fuel . . . 




465 94 


Repairs at yard . 




168 21 


Supplies 




79 23 




$10,792 04 


Stockroom : 






Stock purchased, 


$12,745 92 


> 


Stock used . 


10,425 36 


1 


Increase in stock 


• 


2,320 57 
$13,112 61 



Public Works Department. 



39 



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40 



City Document No. 24. 



Tidewater Bridges. 



Bridges. 



Drawtenders ' 
Salaries. 



Mechanics' 
Wages. 



Repair 
Bills 



Supplies. 



Total. 



Broadway 

Charlestown 

Chelsea North 

Chelsea South 

Chelsea Street 

Congress Street 

Dorchester Avenue 

Dover Street 

L Street* 

Maiden 

Meridian Street.. . . 
Northern Avenue t 
Summer Street. . . . 
Warren 



$16,205 07 
22,073 83 
16,441 57 
18,479 29 
16,227 29 
17,118 79 
16,372 56 
16,283 43 
16,423 50 
16,697 66 
16,616 66 
6,830 28 
16,626 59 
16,807 75 



$706 56 

3,190 98 

1,488 13 

1,172 44 

1.736 83 

623 64 

2,426 69 

842 16 

523 42 

1,103 20 

3.580 55 

2,777 57 

1,539 33 

3,083 74 



$457 72 

1,994 01 
153 37 
267 45 
398 53 
165 96 
940 64 

2,666 19 
251 58 
783 41 
882 40 
644 16 
709 26 

2,634 69 



$807 02 
936 96 

1,572 37 
365 66 
746 35 
842 73 
485 72 
240 10 
191 99 
963 74 

1,295 56 
696 66 
716 60 
868 51 



$292 75 
392 60 
860 39 
646 77 
443 77 
417 32 
212 15 
184 10 
282 57 
519 25 
320 30 
598 24 
263 71 
374 83 



$18,469 1:' 
28,588 38 
20,515 83 
20,931 61 
19,552 77 
19,168 44 
20,437 76 
20.215 98 
17,673 06 
20,067 26 
22,695 47 
11,546 91 
19.855 49 
23,769 52 



$229,204 27 



$24,795 24 



$12,949 37 



$10,729 97 



$5,808 75 



$283,487 60 



* Now Summer Street over Reserved channel. 

t Closed for repairs, reopened November 27, 1935. 



Public Works Department. 



41 



Repairs on Inland Bridges. 



Bridges. 



Labor 

and 

Material. 



Albany Street 

Austin Street-Prison Point 

Arlington Street 

Babson Street 

Beacon Street, over Boston & Albany Railroad 

Beacon Street, over Outlet 

Bennington Street 

Belgrade Avenue 

Blakemore Street 

Blue Hill Avenue 

Boston Street 

Boylston Street, over Boston & Albany Railroad 

Broadway, over Boston & Albany Railroad 

Broadway, over Lehigh Street 

Broadway, over Foundry Street 

Brookline Avenue 

Cambridge Street, over Boston & Albany Railroad 

Cambridge Street, over Boston & Maine Railroad 

Central Avenue 

Columbus Avenue 

Camden Street-Gainsborough Street 

Cummins Highway 

Dana Avenue 

Dartmouth Street (rent, $300) 

Durham Street-West Rutland Square 

Dorchester Avenue, over New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad. . . . 

Fairmount Avenue 

Everett Street 

Harvard Street 

Gove Street (Footbridge) 

Granite Avenue 

Ipswich Street 

Irvington Street-Yarmouth Street 

Hyde Park Avenue, over Stony Brook 

Jones Avenue (Footbridge) 

Massachusetts Avenue, over New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad. . 

Carried forward 



$223 02 

31 89 

27 42 

225 65 

98 91 

65 25 

4,365 28 

541 50 

101 83 

180 39 

20 82 

651 83 

73 89 

250 11 

56 00 

55 12 

20 83 

54 65 

17 64 
46 88 

145 06 

209 39 
630 76 
317 67 
570 68 

210 47 
810 25 

27 86 
403 13 
253 17 
206 96 
121 46 

75 50 

18 33 
388 75 
665 97 



$12,164 32 



42 



City Document No. 24. 

Repairs on Inland Bridges. — Concluded. 



Bridges. 



Labor 

and 

Material. 



Brought forward 

Glenwood Avenue 

Milton Street 

Milton Lower Mills 

Norfolk Street 

Longfellow 

Public Landing, Northern Avenue. 

Redfield Street 

River Street 

Southampton Street 

Summer Street, over A Street 

Summer Street, over B Street 

Tremont Street 

Toll Gate Way 

Webster Street 

West Fourth Street 

Winthrop 

Wordsworth Street 

Ferry Service 

Tunnel Service 

Cleaning bridges 

Snow removal 

E. R. A. tools and incidentals 



$12,164 32 

815 47 

552 57 

155 50 

127 63 

321 00 

111 70 

11 88 

20 83 

64 42 

6 00 

6 00 

167 27 

26 73 

129 22 

868 71 

68 79 

16 30 

2 70 

45 13 

2,640 50 

2,698 85 

1,158 49 



Total. 



$22,180 01 



Summary. 



Administration 
Yard and stockroom 
Automobiles and trucks 
Tidewater bridges 
Inland bridges 
E. R. A 



Total 



$68,295 68 

13,112 61 

6,145 48 

283,487 60 

21,021 52 

1,158 49 

$393,221 38 



Public Works Department. 43 

SPECIAL APPROPRIATIONS. 
BRIDGES, REPAIRS, ETC. 



Beacon Street Bridge, Over Boston & Albany Railroad. 
Paving, repairs $924 90 

Bennington Street Bridge. 
Repairing iron work 999 84 

Belgrade Avenue Bridge. 
Repair sidewalk 599 50 

Cambridge Street Bridge, Over Boston & Albany 
Railroad. 

Repairs to concrete 652 20 

Charlestown Bridge. 

John F. Shea & Co., Inc $23,505 58 

Material — paint 456 00 

Supplies 24 73 

Paving, repairs 509 90 

24,496 21 

Chelsea North Bridge. 
Coleman Brothers Corporation .... $4,813 82 
Trucking 960 95 

5,774 77 

Chelsea Street Bridge. 

Test piles and test pits $1,892 84 

Washborings 469 69 

Repairs 952 28 

Supplies 51 12 

Advertising 6 80 « 

Specifications 165 00 

3,537 73 

Clarendon Street Bridge. 

Painting $249 84 

Paving, repairs 527 00 

776 84 

Columbus Avenue Bridge. 
Painting 249 84 

Congress Street Bridge. 

Repairs $543 30 

License 280 13 

823 43 

Carried forward $38,835 26 



44 City Document No. 24. 

Brought forward $38,835 26 

Dorchester Avenue Bridge. 
Paving, repairs 979 32 

Dover Street Bridge. 
Fence, repairs 211 64 

Gove Street Bridge. 
Painting 748 00 

Glenwood Avenue (East) Bridge. 
Hepairs 691 95 

Hyde Park Avenue Bridge. 
Repairs 750 00 

Huntington Avenue Bridge. 
Metallicoat Corporation 1,062 50 

Malden Bridge. 
Paving, repairs 408 56 

Meridian Street Bridge. 
Paving, repairs 400 00 

Milton Street Bridge. ' 
Paving, repairs 985 60 

Northern Avenue Bridge. 
New heater 426 00 

Summer Street Bridge, Over Fort Point Channel. 

E. Recardelli $322 50 

Repairs 600 00 

922 50 

Summer Street Bridge, Over Reserved Channel. 

John F. Shea & Co $4,803 73 

W. H. ElUs & Son Company .... 745 63 

Service of diver 80 00 

Advertising 9 25 

5,638 61 

Warren Bridge. 
Paving, repairs 589 70 

Wordsworth Street Bridge. 
Painting 451 00 

$53,100 64 



Public Works Department. 



45- 



Chelsea North Bridge. 

Repair and Strenqthcniiuj. 
Coleman Brothers Corporation .... $209,452 21 

Material 301 65 

Inspection of steel 436 46 

Diver 60 00 

Signs 153 45 

Advertising 49 05 



$210,452 82 



Northern Avenue Bridge, Reconstruction. 
Chapter 366, Acts 1933, as Amended. 

M. F. Gaddis $200,276 27 

J. R. Worcester & Co 12,157 34 

Material — paint 2,991 25 

Engineer's instruments 232 14 

Field office 153 66 

Washborings 568 05 

Analysis of paint 63 50 

Diver 900 00 

Intem cement 592 90 

Oil burner 470 25 

Postage and stationery 37 88 

Photographs 5 04 

Insurance 750 00 

Interest 6,500 00 

Printing bonds 44 00 

Water supply pipe 160 96 

Telephone 91 81 

Engineering 9,219 38 



$235,214 43 



SUMMARY. 
Expenditures from Special Appropriations 1935. 





Balance 
' from 
1934. 


Total Credits, 

Including 

Balance 

Carried Over 

and Transfers. 


Expended 

During 

1935. 


Unexpended 

Balances 

December 31, 

1935. 


Bridges, repairs, etc 

Chelsea North Bridge, repair 
and strengthening 

Northern Avenue Bridge, re- 
construction, chapter 366, 
Acts 1933, as amended, . . . 


$20,558 02 
83,674 14 

154,608 03 


$95,558 02 
222,207 02 

329,608 03 


$53,100 64 
210,452 82 

235,214 43 


$42,457 38 
11,754 20 

94, .393 60 


Totals 


$258,840 19 


$647,373 07 


$498,767 89 


$148,605 18 







46 



City Document No. 24. 



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48 City Document No. 24. 

FERRY SERVICE. 



Financial Statement for the Year Ending 
December 31, 1935. 

1. Receipts. 

Total cash receipts during the year 

Cash in hands of tollmen at beginning of year 

Cash in hands of cashier at beginning of year 



Cash paid over to City Collector . 

Cash in hands of tollmen December 31, 1935 



2. Appropriations and Expenditures. 

Received from annual appropriations for Ferry 

Service $368,202 10 

Unexpended balances from special appropriations, 

January 1, 1935 $67,264 00 

Expenditures $21,117 09 

Transferred to Ferry Service . . 5,000 00 

26,117 09 



$45,209 
200 
920 


67 
00 
51 


$46,330 


18 


$46,130 
200 


18 
00 


$46,330 


18 



Unexpended balances of special appropriations, 

December 31, 1935 $41,146 91 

3. Result of Operation for the Year. 

Receipts for the year (net income) . . $46,130 18 

Ordinary expenses (maintenance 

appropriation) 
Interest paid on ferry debt 
Depreciation on ferryboats 
Decrease in value of machinery and 

tools 

Decrease in value of supplies . 
Decrease in value of ferryboats on 

account of sale of ferryboat 

''Ralph J. Palumbo"t . 

Net outgo for year . 
Net loss for the year 

* Does not include expenditures for special appropriations, 
t Includes $114,740.03 credited to sale of city property. 



$368,202 
19,550 
64,048 


10 
00 
96 






262 57 

939 84 






114,740 03 


567,743 








50 




i, 


■=$521,613 32 



Public Wokks Department. 



49 



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50 



City Document Nq. 24. 



Balance Sheet for Year 1935. 

Assets. 

Cash, tollmen's capital $200 00 

Rents receivable 2,422 87 

Supplies in stock 12,587 00 

City Treasurer (balance of appropriation) . . . . 41,146 91 

Ferryboats (less depreciation) 668,573 09 

Machinery and tools 2,363 11 

Real estate, land and buildings (assessors' valuation) 610,100 00 

Damage receivable 325 00 

Ferriages receivable 6 00 

$1,337,723 98 

Cost of avenues, etc.. East Boston (previous to 1871) . ^ 315,815 68 

Deficiency of assets (loss) 15,847,551 09 

Total $17,501,090 75 



Liabilities. 
Capital invested by City of Boston to date 
Appropriations account (credit balances) 



$17,459,943 84 
41,146 91 



Total liabilities $17,501,090 75 

Details of Capital Invested by the City of Boston. 
Total expenditures to date per ferry books .... $25,956,588 23 
Interest of debt for the year (per City Auditor's reports), 19,550 00 

Interest, previous years, etc. (net debits, per City Auditor's 

reports) 331,398 85 



Total expenditures 

Deduct total receipts paid to City Collector 



$26,307,537 08 
8,847,593 24 



Excess expenditures, capital $17,459,943 84 

Comparison of Receipts, Appropriations and Expenditures. 

Receipts. 



From foot passengers (tollmen) 
From foot passengers (office sales) 
From team tickets (office sales) 
From strip team tickets (tollmen) 
From cash for teams (gatemen) 

Total from rates 

From rents 

From other sources . . . . 



Ordinary receipts 

From cashier, received in 1934, deposited in 1935 



Total receipts 



$12,237 99 

43 00 

* 1,697 20 

8,251 60 

2 22,408 78 

$44,638 57 
124 00 
447 10 

$45,209 67 
920 51 

$46,130 18 



1 Included in deficiency of assets in Balance Sheet. 

* Does not include $6 coupons sold in 1935, not paid for. 

* Include sale of coupons to city departments. 

- Includes cash fares from extra passengers on teams (gatemen). 



Public Works Department. 



51 



Expe?uiitures (Ordinary) 
Office: 

Division engineers' salary (part) 

Supervisor (part) . 

Clerk-assistant cashier 

Clerk (part time) . 

Retired veterans' pensions 

Retired employees' pensions 

Stationery 

Printing . 

Telephones 

Advertising 

Car fares 

Postage . 

Premiums, surety companies 

Total office expenses 



$1,499 00 

1,233 33 

1,700 00 

1,700 00 

6,530 09 

720 00 

93 67 

884 15 

311 49 

95 20 

457 05 

5 00 

105 00 

$15,333 98 



Ferryboats and Landings: 
Employees (wages) 
Fuel ' . . . . 
Teaming, weighing coal, etc 
Supplies .... 

Gas 

Oil 

Electric light . 

Electric power 

Repairs of boats 

Repairs of buildings, drops and piers 

Furnishings . 

H-projects 

Other expenditures 



Total 



$234,821 73 

44,914 27 

2,817 00 

7,479 42 

49 26 

1,170 86 

2,781 80 

1,061 05 

48,453 29 

2,589 83 

42 00 

1,174 78 

5,511 83 

$368,202 10 



Receipts, Appropriations and Expenditures. 

Expenditures from Special Appropriations. 
East Boston Ferry, two additional boats and other perma- 
nent improvements , . . $21,117 09 

Total expenditures, regular and special . . . $389,319 19 
Balance in treasury unexpended $41,146 91 



Appropriations. 
Regular annual appropriations 



$374,024 50 



Total Expenditures upon Ferries Since 1858. 

Expenditures for avenues, paving, interest, etc., previous 

to the purchase of the ferries by the city .... $444,101 30 

Purchase of the ferries, April, 1870 276,375 00 

E.xpenditures for ferryboats since April 1, 1870 . . 2,530,009 51 

Expenditures for new buildings, piers, drops, etc. . . 1,491,468 89 



Carried forward $4,741,954 70 



52 



City Document No. 24. 



Brought forward 

Expenditures for tools and fixtures (prior to 1910) 
Expenditures for land for Lincoln's Wharf in 1887 
Expenditures for land for Battery Wharf in 1893 



Total expenditures on capital account 
Expenditures for repairs of all kinds 
Expenditures for fuel .... 
Expenditures for salaries and wages 
Expenditures for all other purposes 



,741,954 70 

14,752 46 

5,562 52 

10,000 00 



$4,772,269 68 
2,929,674 22 
3,086,161 62 

12,178,812 81 
3,340,618 85 

$26,307,537 08 



Total Receipts from Ferries Since 1858=59. 

Receipts from rents, etc., previous to purchase of ferries . $29,588 50 

Receipts from ferry tolls since purchase of ferries 8,509,189 41 

Receipts from rents since purchase of ferries . . . 73,266 40 

Receipts from sale of ferryboats 168,004 57 

Receipts from all other sources, per ferrj' books . . 37,009 45 

Receipts from all other sources additional, per City Auditor 30,734 85 

Total receipts from all sources $8,847,793 24 

Less amount with tollmen as capital .... 200 00 

Total receipts, Auditor's report $8,847,593 24 



Regular Annual (Ordinary) and Special Appropriations (Extraor= 
dinarv) of the Ferrv Service for the Year Ending December 
31, 1935. 

Appropriations (regular) for the year ending December 

31, 1935 

Transferred from Bridge Service . $7,500 

Transferied from Ferry Improvements . . 5,000 



Total appropriation 

Amount of expenditures (regular) for the year . 

Transferred to City Treasurer 

Special Appropriations. 

East Boston Ferry, two additional boats and other per- 
manent improvements : 
Unexpended balance January 1, 1935 ... 
Expenditures for year of 1935 

Unexpended balance December 31, 1935 

Expenditures for year made up as follows: 

Amount paid to William H. Ellis & Son Company: 
Reconstructing and improving ferry piers South Ferry, 

Boston 

Amount paid to Grinnell Company, Inc. : 

Furnishing and installing sprinkler systems on ferry- 
boats 

Ohmer Register Company: 

ToU registers complete (four) with special electrical 

attachments 

City Record: 

Advertising and proposals 



$374,024 50 


12,500 00 


$386,524 50 
368,202 10 


$18,322 40 


$53,889 42 
21,117 09 


$32,772 33 


$17,974 21 


511 63 


2,603 00 


28 25 


$21,117 09 



Public Works Department. 



53 



Ferry Improvements: 

Unexpended balance January 1, 1935 
Transferred to Ferry Service 



Unexpended balance December 31, 1935 



$13,374 58 
5,000 00 

$8,374 58 



Receipts 


OF South 


Ferry. 




From ToLLME>f. 


From Foot 
Passengers. 


From 

Tickets. 


Totals. 


Boston side 

East Boston side 


$6,191 41 
6,046 58 


$5,412 40 
2,839 20 


$11,603 81 

8,885 78 


Totals 


$12,237 99 


$8,251 60 


$20,489 59 







From tollmen 

From gatemen: 

16,270 foot passengers at 1 cent . 

Cash for teams .... 



1 $162 70 
22,246 08 



Total at South Ferry 

Tickets paid for at ferry office .... 
Tickets sold and paid for through City Collectors 

office 

Total from rates 

Rents for the year 

Headhouse privileges 

Care of public telephone 

Commission on pubhc telephones .... 
Cash in hands of Cashier deposited in 1935 

Total receipts for the year .... 



$20,489 59 



22,408 78 

2 $42,898 37 
1,717 40 

3 22 80 

$44,638 57 

124 00 

350 00 

44 00 

53 10 

920 51 



,130 18 



Travel on the South Ferry from January 1, 1935, 

TO December 31, 1935, Inclusive. 

Foot passengers at 1 cent each .... 1,240,069 
Foot passengers by tickets . . . . . 2,642 



Total foot passengers 



1,242,711 



1 Does not include 1 cent cash fares from foot passengers from September 1, 19.35, to 
December 31, 1935. 

2 Includes 1 cent cash fares from foot passengers from September 1, 1935, to December 31, 
1935. 

3 Does not include $6 coupons sold in 1935; not paid for. 



54 



City Document No. 24. 



Changes in rates of tolls on city ferryboats were made 
during the year 1930. The first rate, effective January 
1, was superseded on April 1, 1930, by the rates which 
are now effective, and are as follows: 

Passengers. 

On and after April 1, 1930, the tolls on the East Boston 
Ferries will be as follows: 



Foot passengers 



Vehicles. 



One or two horse vehicle with driver 

Motorcycle with driver 

Trailer 

Three or four horse vehicle with driver 

Passenger automobile with driver and one passenger, 

Passenger automobile with driver and more than one 

passenger 

Motor truck, six tons or less, with driver 
Motor truck, over six tons, with driver 
Auto bus with driver .... 
Auto bus with driver and passengers 



1 cent 



5 cents. 

5 cents. 
10 cents. 
10 cents. 
10 cents. 

15 cents. 
15 cents. 
20 cents. 
20 cents. 
30 cents. 



Miscellaneous. 

Hand cart or wheelbarrow and man . . . . 5 cents. 

Horse and driver 5 cents. 

Horse and cattle, each with attendant ... 5 cents. 

Tickets for Vehicles. 

Tickets in books of ten to be sold at a reduction of 
20 per cent. 

Funeral Processions. 

Funeral processions pass free of tolls. 

Sumner Traffic Tunnel. 

Financial Statement for the Year Ending December 31, 

1935. 

Cash paid over to City Collector $996,106 31 

Appropriations and Expenditures. 

Received from annual appropriations for Sumner Traffic 

Tunnel $245,169 05 

Ordinary expenditures (Maintenance) 231,620 96 

Unexpended balance December 31, 1935 .... $13,548 09 



Public Wokks Department. 55 



APPENDIX B. 

REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
HIGHWAY DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1936. 

Mr. Christopher J. Carven, 

Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — I submit the following report of the 
operations and expenditures of the Street Lighting 
and Paving Services of the Highway Division for the 
year ending December 31, 1935. 

The maintenance expenditures of the division for 
the year are as follows: 

Lighting Service $995,032 49 

Paving Service 1,364,912 84 



Total $2,359,945 33 

Paving Service. 

All of the remainder of the streets listed under the 
loan and grant of the Federal Public Works Adminis- 
tration for the reconstruction of streets were completed 
during the year, namely, Walk Hill street, from Hyde 
Park avenue to Harvard Street; Hyde Park avenue, 
from Walk Hill street to Metropolitan avenue; Savin 
Hill avenue, from Railroad Bridge to Evandale terrace 
and from railroad bridge to 120 feet south of Denny 
street. For the reconstruction of the above-named 
streets S491, 988.40 was expended. 

From the ''Highways, Making of Loans" there was 
expended the sum of 8134,044.79. The work done 
under this appropriation consisted of the construction 
of five streets built by contract. 

From the appropriation for ''Reconstruction of 
Streets" there was expended the sum of $99,502.37. 
Two contracts were awarded for repairing streets 
having an asphalt or bitulithic pavement on which the 
maintenance guarantee had expired. 



56 City Document No. 24. 

Under Public Works Program, chapter No. 464 
of the Acts of 1935, the sum of $55,889.58 was expended. 
This work consisted of the resurfacing of ten streets 
with "Type E" pavement in various districts of the 
city. 

In addition to the regular work of the Paving Service 
in connection with construction and maintenance of 
the public streets throughout the city, a very considerable 
amount of work was done by the Works Progress 
Administration. 

The work undertaken, completed and now under 
way by the Works Progress Administration forces, 
covers street surfacing, the designing and construction 
of retaining walls, playground and city lot grading, 
the grading of 150 streets, and the laying of macadam 
penetration in these streets, paving of public alleys, 
the grading of sidewalks and a protection for the side- 
walks by the laying of a so-called hip gutter at the curb. 
Several large rubble stone walls have been built as 
retaining walls in the city streets and abutting estates. 

Over 1,900,000 granite blocks have been cut, including 
the culling of some by sizes and quality. 

A field survey of the city has been made whereby the 
private ways of the city were located, described and 
listed for charting and marking, and the erection of 
private way street signs has been done by the Federal 
forces. 

In connection with the Federal work, projects have 
been carried out for the care and sharpening of tools, 
and the maintenance of yards for storage and distribu- 
tion of materials. 

For snow removal during the season of 1935 the sum 
of $1,117,154.84 was expended. His Honor the Mayor 
appointed a committee of city officials and representa- 
tives from civic organizations to consider the purchase 
of new trucks and snow removal equipment for the 
Public Works and Park Departments. The committee 
has made its report, and its recommendations for the 
purchase of new equipment, as well as for changes in 
the methods of snow removal, are now under consideration. 

Lighting Service. 

In the new Neponset Traffic Circle in Dorchester, 
ten new No. 75-1000 candle power lamps were installed 
and four lamps relocated. Bennington street. East 



Public Works Department. 57 

Boston, has had a new underground hiy-out com- 
prising twenty-six additional lamps, the changing of 
nineteen wooden posts to the concrete type, and the 
relocation of a few lamps have been made. 

River street, Hyde Park, has had seven new No. 
70-600 candle power lamps installed during the year. 
Waldemar avenue, in the vicinity of Suffolk Downs, 
has had 11 new No. 20-80 candle power lamps installed. 

Petitions and requests for new lamps received from 
citizens and from officials; also complaints in relation to 
the Lighting Service have been investigated and at- 
tended to. All streets in the underground district 
prescribed for the year have been inspected and the 
necessary changes and additions have been made. 



Respectfully, 



Joshua Atwood, 

Division Engineer. 



58 



City Document No. 24. 






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62 



City Document No. 24. 



Street Openings. 

Under Classes 1 and 2 of the schedule of permit fees 
permits were issued for openings in public ways, as 
follows : 

Number of Permits. 

3,772 
976 
653 
367 

1,376 

430 

116 

9 



Sewer and Water Service 
Edison Company .... 

Miscellaneous 

Boston Consolidated Gas Company- 
Emergency permits 
New England Telephone and Telegraph Company 

Boston Elevated Railway 

Dedham and Hyde Park Gas and Electric Company 



Permits for other than street openings 
have been issued as follows: 

Painting and minor repairs .... 
Placing signs flat on buildings . 

Special permits 

Erecting and repairing buildings 
Erecting and repairing awnings . 
Emergency permits for raising and lowering 
Moving buildings in streets 
Cleaning snow from roof .... 
Feeding horses in street .... 



Total of all permits issued 



7,699 



2,910 

452 

464 

302 

172 

80 

1 

16 

5 

4,402 



12,101 



The fees received from these permits amounted to 
$9,805.86; of this amount $7,212.56 was deposited 
with the City Collector and $2,593.30 was billed to 
public service corporations. 

Bonds. 

There are now on file 2,499 surety bonds, in the 
amount of one, three and twenty thousand dollars, 
covering the city against claims for damages, etc., 
through the use of permits. 



Table Showing Length and Area of Paving on Accepted Streets, Correct to January 1, 1936. 



Year 1934 report 

Per Cent 

January 1. 1936 

City Proper 

Charlestown 

East Boston 

South Boston 

Roxbury 

West Roxbury 

Dorchester 

Brighton 

Hyde Park 

Totals 

Per Cent 



Length in Miles. 



Sheet 
Asphalt. 



134.93 
19.86 



33.12 

0.69 

3.87 

7.86 

25.84 

24.77 

32.29 

11.39 

0.65 



140.48 
20.30 



126.73 
18.66 



22.20 

1.67 

3.25 

4,24 

12,89 

30.37 

30.94 

20.67 

4.21 



t 130.44 
18.84 



88.82 
13.08 



31.66 
10.28 
6.03 
14.75 
14.62 
3.62 
7.32 
0.65 
0.05 



188.98 
12.86 



Wood 
Block. 



2.41 
0.35 



1.31 
0.08 



0.61 
0.10 
0.01 
0.11 



2.32 
0.34 



0.79 
0.12 



0.16 
0.07 
0.06 
0.19 
0.04 
0.07 
0.07 
0.08 



0.79 
0.11 



0.97 
0.14 



Con- 
crete. 



9.77 
1.44 



0.04 
0.12 
0.14 



0.97 
0,14 



1.00 
0.78 
0.44 
0.12 
0.75 
2.32 
1.81 
2.27 
0.29 



§9.78 
1.41 



289.62 
42.64 



16.54 
39.02 
68,81 
83,61 
23,38 
19,76 



289,95 
41.89 



23.30 
3.43 



0.82 
0.58 
1.35 
4.13 
3.88 
2.71 
12.70 



26.49 
3.83 



1.90 
0.28 



679.24 
100.00 



0.04 
1.30 



0.32 
0.06 



1.96 
0.28 



97.39 
23.38 
36.35 
46.31 
94.75 
134.42 
160.36 
61.15 
38.05 



692.16 
100.00 



Area in Squabe Yard 



Sheet 
Asphalt. 



2,.575,458 
19.83 



6.59,205 

10,218 

86,609 

149,614 

462,781 

452,976 

606,712 

260,898 

15,411 



' 2,704,424 
20.47 



2,622,950 
20.20 



518,549 

27,424 

76,317 

98,952 

257,747 

602,870 

586,139 

418,629 

92,549 



t 2,679,176 
20.28 



2,376,801 
18.30 



768.562 
245,926 
139,092 
365,154 
378,884 
1.59,635 
215,552 
75,637 
9,366 



t 2,357,808 
17.85 



53,409 
0.41 



29,103 
2,011 



10,420 
3,778 
273 
2,907 
1,007 
1,692 



51,191 
0.39 



Plank 

on 
Bridges. 



17,.501 
0.14 



4,058 
1,999 

854 
4,797 
1,022 
1,447 
1,346 
1,231 

747 



17,501 
0.13 



22,431 
0.17 



771 
3,004 
3,387 



22,431 
0.17 



178,081 
1.37 



7,5.52 
18,751 
16,475 

3,642 
15,546 
33,270 
30.615 
45,313 

7,056 



§ 178,220 
1.35 



4,723,780 
36.38 



111,574 
142,250 
451,965 
295,711 
577,553 
1,080,299 
1,341,781 
392,257 
340,330 



I 4,733,720 
35.83 



354,582 
2.73 



60,609 
0.47 



16,512 
9,675 
17,400 
65,841 
59,769 
38,573 
197,625 



61 
10,501 
2,209 
1,541 
7,919 



12,985,602 
100.00 



2,111,198 

448,579 

789,460 

975,519 

1,718,159 

2,407,112 

2,8,52,523 

1,235,086 

672,695 



408,214 
3.09 



57,646 
0.44 



13,210,331 
100.00 



Total Public Streets 692.16 Miles. 
Note. — In the above table the city is subdivided substantially on the boundary lines between the districts as they existed when annexed to Boston. Territory annexed from Brookline is included in city proper. 

* Of this amount 0.10 mile or 834 square yards is Biturock; and 0.08 mile or 1,323 or 4,1.53 square yards is Warcolite; and 0.17 mile or 3,270 square yards is Carey Elastite 

square yards is Kyrock ; and 0.02 mile or 470 square yards is Unionite. asphalt plank ; and 0. 16 mile or 3,347 square yards is Flintkote asphalt plank ; and 0.05 mile 

t Of this amount 0.02 mile or 667 square yards is Amiesite; and 11.64 miles or 220.700 or 1,041 square yards is ,Johns-Manville asphalt plank, 

square yards is asphalt concrete; and 106.37 miles or 2,206,153 square yards is bitulithic; J Of this amount 0.02 mile or 350 square yards is cobble; and 57.64 miles or 1,758,157 

and 0.00 mile or 4,139 square yards is Colprovia; and 0.06 mile or 959 square yards is square yards is granite block paving on concrete base. 

Filbertine; and 0.00 mile or 4,000 square yards is Hepburnite; and 0.00 mile or 3,903 square § Of this amount 0,06 mile or 924 square yards is Blome granitoid concrete block, 

yards is Laykold; and 0,00 mile or 4,167 square yards is Macasphalt; and 0,26 mile or 5,825 || Of this amount 166.21 miles or 2,855,681 square yards is bituminious macadam, 
square yards is Simasco; and 11.71 miles or 216,8.52 square yards is Topeka; and 0.00 mile 

6.98 miles or 37,035 square yards public alleys included in this table; 7.55 miles or 332,540 square yards public streets in charge of Park Department included in this table; 3.42 miles or 97,457 square yards public 
streets in charge of Commonwealth of Massachusetts included in this table. In addition to this table there are 1.75 miles or 8,729 square yards of accepted footways. 



Public Works Department. 63 



APPENDIX C. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF 
THE SANITARY DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1936. 

Mr. C. J. Carven, 

Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — I submit herewith a statement of the 
activities and expenditures of the Sanitary Division for 
the year ending December 31, 1935: 



Maintenanc 


e expenditures 




$2,335,549 62 


Distributed as follows: 






I. 


Waste collection and disposal 




1,622,764 93 




(a) By contract (Table III) 


$384,157 65 






(b) By dav labor (Table IV) 


1,238,607 28 




II. 


Street Cleaning (Table VII) 




658,273 76 


III. 


Not directly chargeable to 1935 


operation 


54,510 93 




(a) Excess over ten-year aver 


- 






age of disposal contract, 


22,000 00 






(b) For other services 


7,837 02 






(c) Pensions and annuities 


8,088 50 






(d) Injured roll 


3,188 00 






(e) E. R. A. . . . 


2,918 04 






(/) Unused stock 


10,479 37 




Personnel c 


hanges in permanent force: 






Total personnel January 1, 1935 




. 866 


Transfers 


from other departments and di> 


,risions . 


18 

884 


Deaths 






. 18 


Resignat 


ons 




4 


Retirements 




15 


Transferred out 




7 



Personnel January 1, 1936, being a net loss of twenty-six men. 



— 44 
840 



64 



City Document No. 24. 



















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Public Works Department. 65 



Man Power. 

The graph on page 64 shows a decrease in the number 
of laborers employed in the Sanitary Division, which fell 
during the year 1935 from 554 to 519. 

We are still trying to operate with the assistance of 
Welfare men, but as can be seen from the chart the year 
1935 has been the worst so far in this respect. At the 
beginning of the year these men averaged 1,090 
per week but rapidly fell to about 525 per week in the 
spring, and remained at this point all summer, after 
which the figure rose to about 900 near the end of 
the year and falling to 800 at its close. 

This loss of man power is alarming and unless cor- 
rected will be the cause of progressively worse street 
conditions and increased complaints. 

During the year an E. R. A. project was started and 
completed for the removal of old automobiles, a report 
of which is given in table No. 7. 

In September, Mayor Mansfield instituted a clean-up 
campaign, arousing the interest of many civic bodies by 
means of radio, addresses, posters and newspaper co- 
operation, as well as by issuing circulars to meet the 
problems in the various districts; some improvement 
was noticeable for a time. 

Suit was brought with a view to closing the Fort Hill 
Disposal Station as a nuisance. The city finally won 
the case. 

Comparisons Continue Valueless. 

A. In the contract districts there was a drop amount- 
ing to $26,000 as compared with 1934. 

B. There was an increase in the personal service 
items of $189,000 as compared with 1934. 

C. This was due in large measure to the restoration 
of the pay cuts which were in effect the previous year. 
On the other hand, there was a net loss of 26 men due 
to deaths, resignations, retirements and transfers. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Adolph J. Post, 

Division Engineer. 



66 



City Document No. 24. 



TABLE I. 
Complaint Analysis, 1935. 



No excuse 

Break-down of vehicle . 
Special .... 
Miscellaneous 


Number. 
2,740 

55 
165 
165 

3,125 
275 
385 

no 

275 
550 

1,595 

dead animals 
complaints and requests. 


4,720 
761 

5,481 


Per 

50.00 

1.00 

3.00 

3.00 


Cent. 


Total justified 
Not out .... 
Inaccessible 
Wrong address 
Frozen .... 
Snow .... 


5.00 
7.00 
2.00 
5.00 
10.00 


57.00 


Total unjustified . 

Total complaints . 
Requests for removal of 

Total Central Office 




29.00 

14.00 
100.00 



Note. — The large number of complaints shown above 
compared with the previous year is due to unusual snow 
conditions in the first three months of the year, and in 
order to obtain a fair comparison the following adjust- 
ment has been made : 

Deducting January, February and March complaints 
from the 1935 total, we get 2,172 for the remaining 
nine months, and deducting the same months from the 
1934 total we get 2,280 complaints for the same nine 
months in 1934. 



I 



Public Works Department. 



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70 



City Document No. 24. 



TABLE V. 
Comparative Costs Per Cubic Yard 1934=35. 



Day Labor Districts. 



Collection. 



1 935. 



Total Cost. 



J 934. 

$0,527 
Disposal. 



1935. 

$0.5435 
Disposal. 



Cubic Yards. 
1934. 



I . .South Boston . 
3. Charlestown . . 
7. Roxbury 



8 and 9. 
Bay... 



South End and Back 
10. North and West Ends 



Average 

Collection Cost. 



$1 206 

1 219 

1 001 

1 261 

1 004 



$1 102 



$1 20 

1 3772 

1 1769 

1 4053 

1 161 



$1 733 

1 746 

1 528 

1 788 

1 .531 



$1 629 



$1 7437 

1 9207 

1 7204 

1 9489 

1 7049 



85,647 

37,198 

271,817 

175,282 
141,224 



711,168 
$783,925 80 



Contract Districts. 



Cost per Cubic Yard. 



1934. 



1935. 



Cubic Yards. 
1934. 



2. East Boston 

4. Brighton 

5. West Roxbury 

6. Dorchester (including disposal) . 
II. Hyde Park 



Totals. . . 
Average. 



484 
666 
632 
886 
978 



$0 938 



$0 4869 
557 
6423 
7.306 
635 



$0 658 



80,921 
91,870 
65,665 
260,080 
21,377 



519,913 



76,877 
89,675 
62,059 
328,016 
27,112 



583,739 



Public Works Department. 



71 



TABLE VL 

Removal of Old Automobiles. 

Project No. 2235 — B20 — 343. 
Date Started: Tuesdav, Mav 28, 1935. 
Date Ended: Thursday, December 12, 1935. 
Total E. R. A. Pavroll": $2,460.99. 
Total Work Davs: 98. 
Total Man Davs: 

E. R. A. chaufifeurs — 193. 

E. R. A. laborers — 552. 



Regular chauffeui-s 
Total trucks, days 
Total crane trucks, days 

City 

E. R. A. . 



City Contribution. 

. 66 $5 50 

129 15 GO 

90 20 00 



Total cost 



$363 00 
1,935 00 
1,800 00 

$4,098 00 
2,460 99 

.$6,558 99 



District 

District 

District 

District 

District 

District 

District 

District 8-9 

District 10 

District 1 1 



Auto Removals by Districts. 
(South Boston) .... 
(East Boston) .... 
(Charlestown) .... 

(Brighton) 

(West Roxbury, Roslindale) 
(Dorchester, Mattapan) 
(Roxbury, Jamaica Plain) 
(South End, Back Bay, City Proper) 
(North End, West End) . 
(Hyde Park) .... 



TABLE VII. 

Street Cleaning and Oiling Service, 1935. 

Distribution of Expenditures. 
Removing snow 
Brooming 
Pushcart patrolling 
Flushing streets 
Horse-drawn sweeping 
Motor sweeping 
Team patrol . 
Refuse box collection 
Sanding slippery streets 
Underpass 
Public alley 

Totals 

Oiling and watering of public streets and ways, 

Totals 



25 

15 
9 

42 

57 
225 
232 

32 


209 

846 $7.. 76* 



$125,949 32 

192,755 62 

118,107 53 

6,768 57 

125,625 74 

34,445 72 

4,663 39 

20,618 29 

3,772 36 

1,509 45 

1,064 32 

$635,280 31 
22,993 45 



,273 76 



'Average cost. 



72 City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX D. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
SEWER DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1936. 

Mr. C. J. Carven, 

Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — I submit herewith statement of the 
activities and expenditures of the Sewer Division for 
the year ending December 31, 1935. 

There were built by contractors, day laborers and 
private parties, 6.38 miles of common sewers and surface 
drains throughout the city. 

After deducting 1.21 miles of sewers and surface 
drains rebuilt or abandoned, the net increase for 1935 
is 5.17 miles, which, added to the existing 1,167 miles 
of common sewers and surface drains, and 30.93 miles 
of intercepting sewers, makes a grand total of 1,203.10 
miles of common and intercepting sewers (and surface 
drains) belonging to the City of Boston and under the 
care of the Sewer Division on January 1, 1936. 

There were 280 catch-basins built or rebuilt and 58 
abandoned or removed during the year, making a net 
gain of 222 catch-basins, and a grand total of 21,258 
catch-basins under the care of the Sewer Division on 
January 1, 1936. 

The sewerage works built during 1935 are listed in 
detail on the subsequent pages of this report. 

Respectfully, 

George W. Dakin, 

Division Engineer, Sewer Division. 



Public Works Department. 



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85 



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Linear Feet. 

941.10 
5,274.63 

207.80 
1,083.00 

1,017.18 
11,195.45 
7,240.66 
6,711.69 


to_ 

C<5 


Built by 

City Under 

W. P. A. 

Supervision. 
















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1 
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§ 


Huilt by 
City Under 

P. W. A. 
Supervision. 


Linear Feet. 

768.00 

3,467.00 


S 

00 

o 


835.18 
4,778.54 
4,970.11 
3,565.06 


to 

to 

en 


Built by 
City Under 

E. R.A. 
Supervision. 


1 












S c 
r-. to 




to 

C<3 

>o" 


Built by 

City by 

Contract or 

Day Labor. 


Linear Feet. 

173.10 

1,807.63 

207.80 




22.00 
1,655.37 
1,517.55 
3,146.63 


d 

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86 



City Document No. 24. 



Net Increase in Length of Sewers Built Between January I, I93S, 
and December 31, 1935. 



Districts. 


Length of 

Sewers Built 

During 

Twelve 

Months 

Ended 

December 31, 

1935. 


Length of 
Sewers Re- 
built or 
Abandoned 
During 
Twelve 
Months 
Ended 
December 31, 
1935. 


Net Increase for 

Twelve Months Ended 

December 31, 1935. 




Linear Feel. 

941.10 

5,274.63 

207.80 

1,083.00 

1,017.18 
11,195.45 
7,240.66 
6,711.69 


Linear Feet. 

347.00 

2,486.53 


Linear Feet. 

594.10 

2,788.10 

207.80 


Miles. 
112 


Roxbury 


0.528 
039 




1,083.00 






1,017.18 
11,195.45 
5,843.66 
5,642.69 




Brighton 


0.193 




2.120 


Dorchester 

Hyde Park 


1,397.00 
1,069.00 


1.107 
1.069 






Totals 


33,671.51 


6,382.. 53 


27,288.98 


5.168 







Total Length of Sewers. 

Common sewers and surface drains built previous to January 1, 1935 

Net increase of common sewers and surface drains between January 1, 1935, 
and December 31, 1935 



Miles. 
1,167.00 

5.17 



Total common sewers and surface drains to December 31, 1935. 



Total city intercepting sewers connecting with Metropolitan sewers to 
December 31, 1935 



Total Boston main drainage intercepting sewers to DecemberSl, 1935, 



1,172.17 

*6.81 
*24.12 



Grand total of common and intercepting sewers to December 31, 1935. . 
Total mileage of streets containing sewerage works to December 31, 1935, 



1,203.10 
668.67 



No additional lengths built during year 1935. 



Summary of Sewer Construction for Five Years Previous to 
December 31, 1935. 





1931. 


1932. 


1933. 


1934. 


1935. 


Built by city by con- 
tract, day labor or 
under United States 
Government super- 


Linear 
Feet. 

137,783.66 
5,862.05 


Linear 
Feet. 

96,452.48 
6,155.52 


Linear 
Feet. 

93,4,34.36 
972.00 


Linear 
Feet. 

45,805.07 
610.00 


Linear 
Feet. 

33,511.51 


Built by private parties. 


160.00 


Totals 


143,645.71 


102,608.00 


94,406.36 


46,415.07 


33,671.51 



Public Works Department. 



87 



Catch=Basins in Charge of Sewer Division. 





c.\tch-b.\sin d.'^ta for twelve 
Months Ended December 31, 1935. 


Total fob Whole City 

IN Charge of Sewer 

Division. 


Districts. 




Previous 

Report to 

January 1, 

19.3.5. 






Number 
Built or 
Rebuilt. 


Number 
-Abandoned 
or Removed. 


Net 
Increase. 


Grand Total 

to 

January 1 , 

1936. 




13 
36 
25 
■5 
3 
17 
97 
69 
15 


13 
16 
17 




3,605 
3, .3.36 
1 ,389 
1,015 

815 
1,868 
3,417 
4,943 

648 


3 605 


Roxbury 

South Boston 

East Boston 


20 

8 

5 

3 

15 

92 

64 

15 


3,356 
1,397 
1 020 






818 


Brighton 


2 
5 
5 


1,883 
3,509 


Dorchester 

Hyde Park 


5,007 
663 






Totals. 


280 


58 


222 


21,0.36 


21,258 







Table of Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at Calf Pasture Pumping 
Station from January 1, 1935, to December 31, 1935, Inclusive. 



Month. 



Total 
Gallons 
Pumped. 



Average 
per Day 
Gallons. 



Minimum 
per Day 
Gallons. 



Maximum 
per Day 
Gallons. 



Average 

Lift, 
(Feet.) 



January. . . 
February. . 
.March .... 

-\pril 

-May 

June 

July 

-August. . . . 
September. 
October. . . 
November. 
December . 



3,417,589,745 
3,010,787,964 
3,152,658,296 
2,928,141,196 
2,639,323,586 
2,855,631,468 
2,765,629,502 
2,734,840,249 
2,712,355,020 
2,665,694,643 
2,778,292,447 
2,688,555,786 



110,244,831 
107,-528,142 
101,698,655 
97,604,706 
85,139,471 
95,187,716 
89,213,855 
88,220,653 
90,411,834 
85,990,150 
92,609,748 
86,727,606 



77,515,383 
80,465,430 
67,262,379 
83,011,131 
74,807,392 
78,001,174 
69,929,807 
66,722,566 
82,508,155 
84,696,570 
73,393,496 
70,232,724 



113,992,907 
117,374,410 
124,936,946 
145,936,946 
116,635,458 
103,745,451 
104,033,561 
107,254,806 
127,406,076 
91,628,500 
147,934,952 
125,577,704 



.39.2 
.39.2 
.39.2 
.39.2 
39.2 
.39.2 
.39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
.39.2 
.39.2 
.39.2 



Totals. . . 
.\verage. 



34,349,499,902 
2,862,458,325 



39.2 



Notes. — 14,491,040,902 gallon.s pumped by oil; 755,815 gallons of fuel oil used. 

19,858,459,000 gallons pumped by electric power; 3,438,284 kilowatt hours used. 
Quantities are based on plunger displacement and pump ratings, no allowance having been made 
for slip or condition of pump. 
Running Time of Pumps. — No. 1-.4, 50 hours, 10 minutes; No. 1-B, 78 hours, 55 minutes; No. 2-A, 2,246 
hours, 35 minutes; No. 2-B, 2,367 hours, 45 minutes; No. 3, 4,288 hours, 10 minutes; No. 4, 3,774 hours, 20 minutes; 
No. 5, 8,155 hours, 32 minutes. 



City Document No. 24. 



Total gallons pumped in 1935 
Daily average gallons pumped 
Average dynamic head 
Foot gallons, total 
Foot pounds . . . . 



34,349,499,902 

94,108,219 

39.2 

1,346,500,396,158 

11,268,861,815,446 



Cost of Pumping for 1935. 



Items. 


Cost. 


Cost per 

Million Foot 

Gallons. 


Labor. . . 


$94,132 16 

25,339 97 

39,010 27 

1,392 29 

409 22 

2,414 68 


$0 06991 


Fuel oil 755 815 gallons at $0 0335.3 


01882 


Edison power, 3,438,284 kilowatt hours at $0.01135 *. . . 
Oils and waste 


.02897 
.00104 


Rubber valves and packing 

Miscellaneous renewals and supplies 


.00030 
.00179 


Totals 

Labor at screens 


$162,698 59 

10,844 60 

700 00 


$0.12083 
.00806 
. 00052 








$174,243 19 


$0.12941 







* This includes power for auxiliaries and lighting, but does not include the stand-by 
line on poles, which amounts to 100 kilowatt hours, cost = $422.90. 



Amount of Refuse Removed from Filth Hoist. 



Month. 



Number 

of 
Cheeses. 



Pounds 



January, . . 
February. . 
March . . . . 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August. . . . 
September. 
October . . . 
November. 
December . 

Totals 




375,478 = 187.739 tons. 



Cheeses averaged 241 pounds. 



Public Works Department. 



89 





North 
Sewer. 


South 
Sewer. 


Total. 




583 
1.369 


594 
332 


1,177 




1,701 








1.952 
1.35 


926 


2,878 
135 






In sewers January 1 , 1936 


1,817 


926 


2.743 



90 



City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX E. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF 
THE WATER DIVISION. 



Boston, January 1, 1936. 

To the Commissioner of Public Works. 

I respectfully submit the following report of the 
activities, operations and expenditures of the Water 
Division for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1935. 

A continuation of the lack of building construction 
in the city is reflected in the fact that only fourteen 
(14) petitions were received for the extension of water 
mains, being the smallest in twenty years and called 
for the laying of 4.19 miles of pipe varying in size from 
8-inch, to 4S-inch, as compared with 4.25 miles of pipe 
laid in 1934. 

In districts the extension of water mains laid were: 



City Proper 
East Boston 
Roxbury 
Dorchester 
Brighton 
West Roxbury 
Hyde Park 



0.03 miles. 

. 06 miles. 

. 09 miles. 

. 69 miles. 

. 13 miles. 
2.54 miles. 

.68 miles. 



In continuation of the policy of replacing the older 
and smaller water mains with larger sizes for the im- 
provement of fire protection in the more densely popu- 
lated sections of the city, 13,760 linear feet, or 2.60 
miles of 4-inch, and 6-inch pipe, laid fifty years or more 
ago, were replaced with 8-inch, 10-inch and 12-inch pipe. 

Some of the longer lengths were: 

City Proper. 

Harvard street, 546 feet 12-inch pipe relaid with 12- 
inch pipe. 

Beaver place, 336 feet 6-inch pipe relaid with 8-inch 
pipe. 

Tremont street, 280 feet 12-inch pipe relaid with 12- 
inch pipe. 



Public Works Department. 91 

ROXBURY. 

Brookline avenue, 5,745 feet 40-inch pipe relaid with 
48-inch steel pipe. 

Brighton. 

Newton street, 1,232 feet 8-inch pipe relaid with 12- 
inch pipe. 

Hyde Park. 

Pierce street, 2,087 feet 4-inch and 6-inch pipe relaid 
with 12-inch pipe. 

Arlington street, 451 feet, 4-inch pipe relaid with 12- 
inch pipe. 

The Welfare forces were not used to any great extent 
on main pipe work during the year, due to the fact that 
the work was performed by E R. A., and W. P. A. 
forces. The work performed by these organizations 
was very satisfactory and a total length of 12,715 
linear feet of 8-inch and 12-inch pipes were laid. 

During the year work was carried on under agree- 
ments entered into between the United States Govern- 
ment and the City of Boston for the construction of 
new water mains under the Federal Emergency Admin- 
istration of Public Works, commonly known as the 
''P. W. A," Under the above agreements approxi- 
mately 9.800 linear feet of 48-inch pipe was laid during 
the year, as follows: 

Brookline avenue, from Brookline-Boston boundary 
line to Kenmore square, approximately 4,600 linear feet 
48-inch pipe. 

Arborway, from Pond and Prince streets, to Forest 
Hills street and Forest Hills street. Glen road, Sigourney 
street and Walnut avenue, approximately 5,200 linear 
feet 48-inch pipe. 

The regular work of the Distribution Branch, con- 
sisting of leak repairs, installation of service pipes, 
caring for complaints, shutting off and letting on water, 
etc., was performed in such a manner and at such 
periods as to cause a minimum delay and inconvenience 
to applicants for water, water takers and the general 
public. Practically all activities in the business dis- 
tricts are now performed on Sundays and holidays. 

Very respectfully, 

D. M. Sullivan, 

Division Engineer. 



92 



City Document No. 24. 



1935 — Financial Transactions 



Balance after deducting expenditures of Water Income 
Division 

Expenditures from Revenue: 

Current expenses and extensions $932,782 26 

Metropolitan Water Assessment 3,306,430 94 



Water Division. 

$4,343,563 20 



Expenditures on Debt Account: 

Payments on Boston water debt $60,000 00 

Payments on Hyde Park water debts 16,000 00 

Payments on interest on water loans 28,350 00 



Loan Account: 

Balance outstanding January 1, 1935, $838,000 00 

Incurred during year . 250,000 00 

Total loans 1,088,000 00 

Paid during year .... 76,000 00 

Balance outstanding December 31, 1935 

Construction Account: 

Extension of mains from revenue . $118,870 03 

P. W. A. project No. 4214 Brook- 
line avenue from loan . 214,209 04 

P. W. A. project No. 7233 Water 

Main Construction . . 238,597 36 

High Pressure Fire Service exten- 
sion of appropriation . . . 9,998 00 



Total construction 1935 



Cost of construction December 31 
1935 

Cost of construction December 31 
1934 

Increase in plant cost during 1935 

Cost of existing works December 31 

1935 

Pipe yards and buildings 

Engineering expenses 

Distribution system (additions 

during 1935, $571,676.43) . 
Hyde Park water works 
High Pressure Fire Service 

Total cost 



$25,815,071 99 
25,233,397 56 



$94,832 16 
57,873 58 

23,160,198 54 

175,000 00 

2,327,167 71 



4,239,213 20 
$104,350 00 

104,350 00 
$00,000 00 



$1,012,000 00 



$581,674 43 



$581,674 43 



$25,815,071 99 



* Includes $155,023.89 expended for High Pressure Fire Service in 1925, 1926, 1931. 
1932, 1933. 



Public Works Department. 



9a 






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d 
Z 



2 V. 






■51 



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94 



City Document No. 24. 



Table No. II. 

High Pressure Fire Service. 

ShoiLiing Length of Water Pipes, Connections, Hydrants and Valves in Same, 
December 31, 1935. 





20-Inch. 


16-Inch. 


12-Inch. 


8-Inch. 


6-Inch. 


Totals. 


Length owned and operated December 
31 1934 


20,140 


46,953 
201 


31,756 
144 






98,849 




502 




847 






6 


6 


Length laid in 1935 

Gate valves in same 

Length owned and operated December 
31 1935 


20,140 


46,953 
201 


31,756 
144 


— 


98,849 




502 


6 


847 






6 












503 

















18.72 miles in system. 



Public Works Department. 



95 



Table No. III. 

Total Number of Hydrants in System December 31, 1935. 











'O li 












>, 


>> 
"s 

S 


o 

PL, 

c 
o 


PL, 
C 




1 

PL, 

5 

o 


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3 
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o 


PQ 



Brighton (public) 


7 


17 


248 


366 


429 










9 


1 076 








8 














10 




41 
13 


14 

1 


118 


43 
37 


129 










2 
5 


347 












58 




403 


28 


362 


206 


467 










47 


1,513 




5 




9 


1 


2 










37 


54 


Dorchester (public) 


66 


85 


630 


984 


804 










13 


2,582 




1 


1 


9 




o 










4 


17 




11 


7 


157 


184 


180 










5 


544 




8 


1 




9 












25 


43 


Hyde Park (public) 






77 


100 


430 


3 


46 








657 














13 


55 




4 




72 


Roxbury (public) 


24 


31 


297 


244 


942 










9 


1,540 




o 


1 


3 


4 


o 










9 


21 


South Boston (public) 


58 


15 


197 


170 


207 










14 


661 




4 


1 




15 


1 










27 


48 




9 


123 


361 


931 


848 










13 


2,285 










15 


1 










1 


17 








2 


18 














20 


Gallup's Island (private) 








3 












1 


4 










6 














6 










3 














3 


Thompson's Island (private) 








■-> 














2 


Quincy 








9 














9 
























Total number (public) 


619 


320 


2,447 


3,228 


4,436 


3 


46 


1 




105 


11,205 


Total number (private and 


33 


5 


25 


130 


8 


13 


55 




4 


HI 


384 







96 City Document No. 24. 

Waterworks Statistics, City of Boston. 

For the Fiscal Year Ending December 31, 1935. 

Distribution. 

Mains. 
Kind of pipe: Cast-iron, wrought iron, steel. 
Size: 2-inch to 48-inch. 
Extended, miles, 3.867. 
Size enlarged, miles, 1.842. 
Total miles now in use, 971.83. 
Public hydrants added, 26. 
Public hydrants now in use, 11,205. 
Stop gates added, 106. 
Stop gates now in use, 15,631. 
Stop gates smaller than 4-inch, 34. 
Number of blow-offs, 853. 
Range of pressure on mains, 30 to 90 pounds. 

Service. 
Kind of pipe and size: Lead and lead lined, ^-inch to 2-inch; cast-iron, 

2-inch to 16-inch; wrought iron and cement lined, |-inch to 2-inch 

brass and copper, f-inch to 25-inch. 
Total service taps now in use as per metered servies, 101,566. 

High Pressure Fire System. 
Kind of pipe: Cast-iron. 
Size: 8-inch to 20-inch, 
Total miles now in use, 18.72. 
High pressure hydrants now in use, 503. 
Range of pressure on mains, 50 to 300 pounds. 
Gate valves now in use, 847. 
Number of blow-offs, 6. 



Public Works Department. 



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106 City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX F. 

REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF 
THE WATER INCOME DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1936. 

To the Commissioner of Public Works. 

I respectfully submit data and tables showing the 
activities of the Water Income Division for the year 
ending December 31, 1935. 

Yours respectfully, 

J. A. McMuRRY, 

Division Engineer. 



Public Works Department. 



107 



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es 



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PS 



108 City Document No, 24. 



Shutting Off and Turning On of Water in 1935. 

Number of shut-off s for repairs 6,937 

Number of premises turned on after repairs . . 6,522 

Number of shut-offs for vacancy 2,017 

Number of premises turned on for occupancy . 1,760 

Number of shut-offs for nonpayment of water rates . 728 
Number of premises turned on again after being shut 

off for nonpayment 718 

Number of premises shut off on account of waste . 31 
Number of premises turned on again after being shut 

off for waste 15 

Number of new service pipes turned on for first time, 367 
Number of premises shut off for miscellaneous other 

reasons 72 

Number of premises turned on again after shutting 

off for such miscellaneous reasons .... 29 

Total number of times water was shut off or 

turned on 19,196 



Public Works Department. 



109 



Statement of Water Rates, 1912 to 1935, Inclusive, as of 
December 31, 1935. 



Year. 



Amount 
Assessed. 



Amount 
Abated. 



.Amount 
Collected. 



Outstanding. 



1912. 
1913. 
1914. 
1915. 
1916. 
1917. 
1918. 
1919. 
1920. 
1921. 
1922. 
1923. 
1924. 
1925. 
1926. 
1927. 
1928. 
1929. 
1930 
1931. 
1932. 
1933. 
1934. 
1935. 



$3,001,771 87 
3,094,331 52 
3,034,885 83 
2,960,797 45 
3,130,590 53 
3,120,878 86 

3.359.714 95 
3,210,147 91 
3,503,677 88 
3,615,663 51 

3.612.715 51 
3,817,642 72 
3,832,531 26 
3,875,434 21 
3,910,119 54 
3,979,153 63 
4,418,039 84 
5,018,524 39 
4,864,180 27 
4,749,546 18 
4,611,460 09 
4.572,539 96 
4,703,397 18 
4,629,847 39 



$58,369 


39 


50,147 


90 


64,653 


01 


57,782 


09 


67,771 


69 


77,353 


75 


162,415 


52 


95,812 


76 


123,509 90 


90,946 


23 


90,453 


27 


77,449 


02 


43,663 


01 


39,069 


54 


44,694 


94 


44,172 


42 


37,737 


92 


44,829 


96 


44,085 


50 


45,523 


96 


36,633 


60 


31,341 


74 


41,569 


62 


21,027 


72 



$2,943,402 


48 


2,954,183 


62 


2,970,232 


82 


2,903,015 


36 


3,062,818 


84 


3,043,525 


11 


3,197,299 


43 


3,114,335 


15 


3,380,167 98 


3,524,717 28 


3,522,262 


24 


3,740,193 


70 


3,783,363 


20 


3,829,117 


89 


3,858,293 


66 


3,916,678 23 


4,371,031 


63 


4,958,323 


89 


4,799,418 


69 


4,671,007 


51 


4,512,775 


65 


4,356,284 


26 


4,171,836 


61 


2,795,903 


61 



$5,505 05 

7,246 7S 

7,130 94 

18,302 98 

9,270 29 

15,370 54 

20,676 OS 

33,014 71 

62,050 84 

184,913 96 

489,990 95 

1,812,916 06 



Total outstanding January 1, 1936 . 



$2,666,389 IS 



no 



City Document No. 24. 



Meter Branch. 

Table No. I. Statement of Work Done During the Year 1935. 



Make. 





■a" 








3 


















CO 








s 




a) 


» 


2 


i5 



Changed 




Hereey disc 

Hersey rotary. . . . 
Hersey detector. . 

Watch dog 

Worthington disc. 

King 

Crown 

Nash 

Empire 

Arctic 

Federal 

American 

Lambert 

Keystone , 

Trident 



Totals 



178 



739 
1 



278 

96 

57 

7 

7 



1,207 



5,727 

17 

2 

2,293 

1,530 

1,017 

44 

64 

7 

5 

62 

145 

15 

13 

28 

10,969 



7,522 


9,054 


5,236 


940 


57 


69 


3 


21 


4 


3 


12 


136 


1,744 


3,666 


2,140 


261 


1,614 


2,400 


1,834 


38 


1 


1,002 


3 


138 




65 




18 


1 


87 
7 




12 


21 


26 


3 


6 




138 


2 




3 


199 


2 


41 


1 


13 
24 


1 


21 


1 


44 




22 


10,969 


16,797 


9,236 


1,654 



867 



225 
151 

2 



1,246 



Public Works Department. 



Ill 



Table No. 2. Meters in Service December 31, 1935. 





Diameter in Inches. 


Totals. 




i 


1 


1 


1^ 


2 


3 


4 


6 


8 


10 


12 




52,845 
330 


3,678 
239 


1,785 
136 


946 
101 


381 
184 


155 

53 

4 

1 

339 

13 

23 


115 

21 

45 

11 

75 


31 
15 
59 
13 


1 






59,937 








1,079 




35 


26 


5 


174 














25 




22,200 

7,792 

20S 

2,533 

112 

19 


984 
32 
315 
175 
244 


1,058 

32 

54 

9 

23 


719 
12 
66 

IS 
5 


426 

50 

86 

13 

6 








25,801 












7,931 




26 


6 








784 










2,748 


Nash 














390 
















19 








24 


IS 


21 


7 










70 


Federal 


722 
736 
231 
148 
141 














722 




276 

84 

143 

3 




















1,012 




55 
6 


7 
1 


13 
3 
12 




2 










385 












301 


Trident 


10 


11 


1 


1 


2 




188 


Totals 


88,017 


6,173 


3,158 


1,899 


1,192 


619 


313 


125 


37 


28 


5 


101,566 



Table No. 3. Meters in Shop December 31, 1935. 





Diameter in Inches. 


Totals. 




i 


3 


1 


u 


2 


3 


4 


6 


12 




1,468 


6 


2 


5 


10 


7 
1 
2 


2 

1 


1 


1 


1,501 




3 




1,100 
200 










1,102 


















200 












2 
3 


4 






6 














1 




4 




135 


51 








186 


Trident 








2 
2 








2 
















1 




3 
















Totals 


2,903 


57 


2 


5 


10 


19 


7 


3 


1 


3,007 







112 City Document No. 24. 

Table No. 4. Meters Purchased in 1935. 



Make. 






Diameter in 


Inches 






Totals. 


8 


3 


1 


U 


2 


4 


8 


Hersey disc 


3,250 


133 


33 


33 


13 






3,462 




2 


2 


4 
















Totals 


3.250 


133 


33 


33 


13 


2 


2 


3,466 







Table No. 


5. Meters Reset. 








Make. 


Diameter in Inches. 


"3 
o 
H 


a 

3 
o 

o 


i 

c 




5 


' 


1 


n 


2 


4 


i 




802 

207 

150 

2 

1 


38 

8 


12 
7 
1 


10 

1 


3 
2 


2 


867 
225 
151 

2 
1 


74 
17 
4 


793 




20S 




147 










9 


Federal 












1 
















Totals 


1,162 


46 


20 


11 


5 


2 


1,246 


95 


1,151 







Table No. 6. Meters Repaired in Service. 



Make. 


c 


c 
a 

o 

e 

C 


c 
'3. 


c 
=1 

6 


«5 
cm 

a 

o 


3 
O 

a 


1 




92 
14 


30 
33 


554 


212 


16 


36 

89 


940 




136 




3 


2 




11 




5 


21 




31 


4 


111 


97 


4 


14 


261 


King 


5 


8 


88 


24 


2 


11 


138 




9 


2 


12 


9 


1 


5 


38 




2 






5 


2 


9 


IS 


Nash 


4 


1 


4 
19 


3 

14 






12 




1 


7 


41 


Lambert 


2 


2 


6 


4 




7 


21 


Trident 


3 


1 
1 


5 


9 
3 




4 
2 


22 













Totals 


165 


84 


799 


391 


26 


189 


1,654 







Public Works Department. 



113 



■SI^^OX 


en 




00 




•M 


■" 




"^ 




^ 




^ 




en 








o 

o 

o 






B 

a: 

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z 

2 

OS 

m 

u 

s 

< 

Q 

z 

b; 

e 


OC 




- 




















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« 


- 


O) 




















CO 




■* 


■* 




o) CO 
















o 




03 


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CO 




M 




CO 


C-. « -- ^ 
Ol 












X 
X 




- 


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t~ !M 


oo 












CO 




- 


X CO 


c 
c 




lO 




-- 






IN 




- 


~ 




J; 




t^ 








w 


o 

3 




... 


X 




Ol 




oo 






^ .-( 


(N 

X 




•SIEIOX 


t^ M lO O t-^ 


cc 




X 

o 

Q 

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O 


X 






















- 








- 




o 


- 


Ol 




























CO 




•>!< 


•* 




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o 




CO 


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t^ -H 


CO CO 




C>1 












(N 

CO 




C<l 




t^ IN (N lO -H 

i>< 




m -^ 










§ 




;: 


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"5 


d 




T)< cc (M 










(N 




- 






CO X -H rt t~ ic oo 










!N 




„, 


O". ^ 

cc 
cc 


S 


O O -^ t^ — M — 

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X 










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CO 
UO 


CO 

o 

O) 




c^ — m (M CO t~ 
C IN -ijt — t^ 


t> fM t^ O 








1 

a 
1 


1 

2 


c 

1 


c 


1 

< 


a 

1 


j: 
1 




c 
c 

> 
a 


X 

2 


c 
c 


b 


1 

c 


c 
t 
( 

< 


1 
1 


1 


1 










114 



City Document No. 24. 



Table No. VIII. Causes for Meter Changes. 



Make. 





u 








^ 










^ 






'3 








h-) 








"S 


J 


M 


^ 


'c 


(^ 


s 


■o 


1 


V 






e 




o 


H 


Q 


z 


W 


O 



Hersey disc 

Hersey rotary . . . . 
Herjey detectoi . . 

Watch dog 

Arctic 

Lambert 

Worthington disc. 

Trident 

Keystone 

Nash 

Crown 

King 

American 

Federal 

Empire 



167 
2 



2,628 

4 

2 

1,111 

1 

S 

875 

13 

5 

14 

9 

456 



30 



1,941 



212 
5 
2 

7 



420 
4 



486 



1 

239 

2 

1 

17 

15 

183 

94 

9 



19 
2 
3 
136 
2 
2 
1 



36 



5,727 

17 

2 

2,293 

5 

15 

1,530 

28 

13 

64 

44 

1,017 

145 

62 

7 



Totals. 



272 



5,178 



67 



2,967 



1,058 



1,138 



10 



237 



10,969 



Table No. IX. Meters Applied in 1935. 



Make. 



Diameter in Inches. 



1 14 2 3 4 



Totals. 



Hersey disc 


138 


6 


13 


12 


4 


1 


3 

2 


1 


178 
2 




16 
36 


2 


10 


4 


3 


6 
2 
2 


41 








38 






- 


2 




2 




6 




1 






1 




















Totals 


191 


8 


23 


18 


7 


11 


7 


1 


266 



Meters applied on old services 
Meters applied on new services 



10 
256 



Total applied 286 



p 



Public Works Department. 



115 



Table No. X. Meters Discontinued in 1935. 



Make. 


Diameter in Inches. 


"3 
o 

H 


a) 
E 

o 
to 
c 

C 
o 
O 


c 

03 
> 


>> 

■Si 




5 


i 


1 


1^ 


2 


3 


4 


6 


Q 




658 

232 

54 

10 

2 

1 


36 
17 

1 
5 


20 
16 

1 


u 

5 

1 


10 
5 


1 
2 


2 
1 


1 


739 

278 

57 

15 

2 

1 

1 
96 
7 
7 
1 
3 


482 
176 
29 

8 


131 

63 
17 
3 


log 




39 




11 


American 










4 


Lambert 














9 


Trident 




















1 


Arctic 






1 

1 
1 
1 
1 














1 




93 
5 
2 


3 


2 
1 










62 
3 


16 
1 
1 


18 


Nash 










3 












4 


Hersey rotary 








1 


Federal 


3 














3 




























1,061 


62 


40 


22 


15 


3 


3 


2 


1,207 


765 


232 


210 







116 City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX G. 



REPORT OF THE BOSTON AND CAMBRIDGE 
BRIDGES COMMISSION. 



Boston, January 2, 193G. 
To the Honorable the Mayor. 

Sir, — As Commissioner for the City of Boston, I 
respectfully submit herewith the annual report of the 
Boston and Cambridge Bridges Commission for the 
year ending December 31, 1935. 

The commission is composed of two members, one 
appointed by the Mayor of the City of Boston and the 
other by the Mayor of the City of Cambridge, under 
provisions of chapter 467, Acts of 1898. 

The commission has charge of the maintenance of the 
following named bridges between Boston and Cambridge : 

Cottage Farm, Longfellow and Prison Point. 

As there is no separate appropriation made for the 
City of Boston's portion of the expenses of this com- 
mission, the same is taken from the appropriation for 
the Bridge and Ferry Division, Bridge Service. The 
amount expended during the fiscal year ending December 
31, 1935, was $5,245. 

Respectfully submitted, 

C. J. Carven, 

Commissioner for the City of Boston. 



Public Works Department. 



117 



I 



Boston and Cambridge Bridges. Expenditures for the Year Ending 
December 31, 1935. 



Being the Portion Paid by the City of Boston, Which is One Half of the Total Expenditure. 















J_ 






6 


T3 




m 






-o 


i-> 




■ 


c 


_ 




:3 




M 






cs 






1 


I 




5 


"S 

Pi 




1 


^c 




"m 


a 
S 


"is 






— cc 










-a 




o 






T 




C 






H 




$41 39 




$1,887 50 

208 00 

1,736 28 

2 29 




$1,928 89 




$144 00 

945 72 

37 92 


$234 00 


586 00 






2,682 00 








40 21 




7 90 








7 90 












Totals 


$49 29 


$1,127 64 


$3,834 07 


.$234 00 


$5,245 00 







CITY OF BOSTON PRINTING DEPARTMENT 



I 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06 315 972 5 





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