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Full text of "Annual report of the Public Works Department, for the year .."

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ANNUAL REPORT 



PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT 

FOR THE YEAR 1937 
[Document 24—1938] 



rj^^O 



V 



MAR 30 1944 






CONTENTS. 



Part I. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF 
PUBLIC WORKS. 



Page 

Appropriations 3 

Employees 6 

Expenditures 2 

General review 2 



Page 

Organization 1 

Revenue 4 

Special appropriations 3 



Part II. — Appendix A. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
BRIDGE AND FERRY SERVICE. 



(Bridge Service.) 
(Page 12.) 



Page 

Appropriations, special 28 

Appropriations, special sum- 
mary of 33 

Bridge openings 34 

Bridges, work done on: 

Allston Bridge 13 

Beacon Street Bridge .... 13 

Chelsea Bridge North. ... 14 

Chelsea Bridge South .... 14 

Chelsea Street Bridge .... 14 
Victory Road Disposal 
Station (for Sanitary 

Division) 17 



Page 
Federal Emergency Relief 

Administration 12 

Day labor force 16 

Granite Avenue Bridge. . . 35 

Bridge Miscellaneous 17 

Expenditures 28 

Expenditures, special ap- 
propriations 33 

Expenditures, special ap- 
propriations, summary 

of 33 

Repairs on bridges 32 

Work, done 12 



IV 



Table' OF Contents. 



(Ferry Service.) 
(Page 18.) 



Page 

Appropriations 36 

Appropriations, amount paid 

from 36 

Balance sheet 37 

Expenditures 39 

Expenditures and receipts 

since 1858 39 



Page 

Ferryboats 18 

Financial statements 36 

Motor vehicle traffic 41 

Receipts at South Ferry. ... 40 

Travel on ferry 41 

Traffic rates 41 

Work done 18 



(Sumner Tunnel.) 

(Page 20.) 

Appendix B. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
HIGHWAY DIVISION. 

General Review. 

(Page 44.) 

Federal Public Works Administration 



(Lighting Service.) 

(Page 44.) 



Expenditures 

Financial statement. 



Page 
44 

44 



Work done . 



(Paving Service.) 
(Page 49.) 



Page 
Expenditures, objects of . . . . 51 

Expenditures, detail of 51 

General review 51 

Permits 52 

Permits, revenue from 52 



Page 
47 



Page 
45 



Street openings 

Work done 

By contract, summary of, 
By day labor, summary of. 



Page 
52 
48 
46 
50 



Table of Contents. 



Appendix C. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
SANITARY DIVISION. 

(Sanitary Service.) 



(Page 53.) 



Page 

Appropriations 53 

Complaints 55 

Financial statement 53 

Income 53 

Maintenance 53 

Cost of collecting and dis- 
posing of refuse by day- 
labor 58 



Materials: 

Collected by districts .... 

Cost of collecting and 
disposing of refuse by 
contract 

Work done 



Page 



58 



57 

54 



(Street Cleaning and Oiling Service.) 
(Page 60.) 



Page 
Expenditures, distribution 

of 60 

Expenditures, items of 60 

Financial statement 60 



Page 
Macadam streets, cost of 

oiling 60 

Work done 60 



Appendix D. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
SEWER DIVISION. 

(Page 61.) 



Page 
Expenditures: 

Maintenance 64 

Maintenance, detail of . . . 64 
Maintenance, detail of, 

recapitulation of 64 

Financial statement 63 

Pumping sewerage, average 
cost per million foot 
gallons 85 



Page 
Pumping station. Calf Pas- 
ture, work done 85 

Pumps, Calf Pasture, aver- 
age lift and duty 85 

Refuse, removing same from 

gatehouse 86 

Summary of sewer construc- 
tion (twelve months). . . 81 

Work done 61 

Work in charge of division, 61 



VI 



Table of Contents. 



Appendix E. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
WATER DIVISION. 

(Water Service.) 



Construction, cost of 

Expenditures 

Expenditures, detail of 

Financial statement 

High pressure fire service . . . 

Hydrants, total number of, 
December 31, 1937. .. . 

Hydrants, total number and 
kind of, established and 
abandoned 



(Page 87.) 

Page 



91 
91 
91 
91 
93 

94 



94 



Revenue . 



Service pipes: 

Total number of lengths 
of 

Water pipes, total length of, 
Work done 

Work done, detail of 



Page 
91 



92 



92 

87 

87 



Appendix F. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
WATER INCOME DIVISION. 



Financial statement .... 


(Page 

Page 
110 


109.) 

Meters: 

Changed 

Applied 

Discontinued 

Reset 


Page 


Shutting off and 

water 

Meter branch . . . 


turning 


on 

111 
113 


117 

118 

119 


Meter in service . 




114 


115 


Meter repairs . . . 




116 






Appeni 


)ix G. 





REPORT OF THE BOSTON AND CAMBRIDGE 
BRIDGE COMMISSION. 



(Page 120.) 

Page 



Bridges in charge of com- 
mission 



120 



Page 

Work done 120 

Expenditures 121 



[Document 24 — 1938.] 




ANNUAL REPORT 



PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT 



YEAR ENDING DECEMBER, 1937. 



Boston, January 2, 1938. 

Hon. Maurice J. Tobin, 
Mayor of Boston. 
Dear Sir, — In compliance with the Revised Ordi- 
nances, the annual report of the operations and expenses 
of the Public Works Department for the year ending 
December 31, 1937, is respectfully submitted. The 
Public Works Department created by Ordinances, 1910, 
chapter 9, now chapter 27 of the Revised Ordinances 
of 1925, was formed by consolidating the Engineering, 
Water and Street Departments. 

Organization. 

The department is composed of six main divisions, 
viz.: 

Bridge and Ferry Division. — ■ This division, under a 
division engineer, has the charge and care of all bridges 
used as highways which are, in whole or in part, under 
the control of the city; and the care and management 
of the ferries owned by the city, including boats, slips, 
drops and buildings, and the maintenance and operation 
of the Sumner Tunnel. 



2' City Document No. 24. 

Note. — The Boston and Cambridge Bridges Divi- 
sion, so called, is not, strictly speaking, a division of 
the Public Works Department, as this work is in charge 
of a commission of two, one member appointed by the 
Mayor of Boston and one by the Mayor of Cambridge, 
under the provisions of chapter 467 of the Acts of 1898; 
but because of the fact that the present Commissioner 
of Public Works is the Boston member of this commis- 
sion, and also because one half of the expense of the 
commission is defrayed by the Bridge Service, it is in 
this report treated as a division of the department. 

Highway Division. — This division, under a division 
engineer, has charge of the construction, reconstruction 
and maintenance of roadways and sidewalks, and the 
care of lamps and lighting of streets, parks and alleys. 

Sanitary Division. — This division, under a division 
engineer, has charge of the collection and removal of 
ashes, garbage and refuse, street cleaning, and the oiling 
and flushing of streets. 

Sewer Division. — This division, under a division 
engineer, has charge of the construction and mainte- 
nance of sewers, catch-basins and waterways. 

Water Division. — This division, under a division 
engineer, has the care of all water pipes in the water 
system, the laying and relaying of water mains and the 
care of the high pressure fire system. 

Water Income Division. — This division, under a divi- 
sion engineer, has charge of financial operations in 
connection with the sale of water, reading of water meter 
registrations, making out quarterly water bills for all 
consumers, forwarding said bills to City Collector's 
office, installation and maintenance of water meters 
and enforcement of payment of water bills. 

Statements showing appropriations, expenditures and 
revenue received during the year, together with tabula- 
tions indicating the grade and number of employees, 
changes in personnel, etc., in the Public Works Depart- 
ment are attached. 

Reports from the division engineers in charge of the 
various divisions are respectfully submitted. 

Respectfully yours, 

E. M. Richardson, 

Commissioner of Public Works. 



Public Works Department. 



• 3 



Appropriations. 
The money assigned for the maintenance work of the 
Public Works Department for the year 1937 was de- 
rived from the income of the city raised by taxation. 
In December, 1936, the department estimates were sub- 
mitted to the Mayor in segregated form. His Honor 
the Mayor made such allowances as he considered 
necessary and submitted them to the City Council. 
The total maintenance appropriations as passed by 
the City Council and approved by the Mayor are shown 
below: 



Central Office 
Bridge Service 
Ferry Service . 
Lighting Service 
Paving Service 
Sanitary Service 
Sewer Service 
Sumner Traffic Tunnel 
Water Division 
Water Income Division 

Total 



$33,927 74 

435,266 50 

324,161 68 

981,777 00 

1,196,346 33 

2,300,227 82 

537,548 00 

256,773 26 

1,105,983 84 

267,290 00 

$7,439,302 17 



Expenditures. 
The expenditures under the several appropriations for 
the different services for the year 1937 were as follows: 

Current Expenses. 



Divisions and Services: 










Central Office $33,182 03 




Bridge Service 






433,615 14 




Ferry Service 






315,817 53 




Lighting Service . 






983,145 67 




Paving Service 






1,368,817 73 




Sanitary Service . 






2,275,225 61 




Sewer Service 






531,716 72 




Sumner Traffic Tunnel 






229,385 86 




Water Division 






1,031,255 23 




Water Income Division 






238,065 32 




Total 




$7,440,226 84 


Special Appropriations, Etc. 


Water Division: 




Metropolitan Assessment, interest on 




debt, serial loans, etc. . . $3,364,903 96 




Public Works Program, chapter 464, 




Acts of 1935 2,509 80 




Bridges, repairs, etc 64,223 38 




Reconstruction of streets . . . 20,284 22 




Snow removal 

Carried forward .... 


2,950 90 




$3,454,872 26 


$7,440,226 84 



City Document No. 24. 



Brought forward .... 

Sewerage works, revenue 

Sewerage works, non-revenue . 

Sewerage works, chapter 366, Acts of 
1933, as amended by chapter 21, 
Acts of 1934 

Chelsea Street and Eastern Avenue 
Bridge 

Northern Avenue Bridge 

Reconstruction of streets, chapter 366, 
Acts of 1933, as amended by chapter 
21, Acts of 1934 . . . . 

Construction, reconstruction and re- 
placement of sewers and covering of 
open water courses .... 

Chelsea North Bridge, water pipe trestle, 
reconstruction of ... . 

Replacement of the Brookline avenue 
water main from the Brookline line 
to Beacon street .... 

Water main construction 



$3,454,872 26 
140,297 41 
563,596 35 



94,103 02 

441,747 20 
14,000 00 



57,762 48 



20,168 11 
2,000 00 



13,000 00 
26,000 00 



$7,440,226 84 



Total . 
Grand total 



4,827,546 83 
12,267,773 67 



Revenues, 1937. 
On Account of the Public Works Department, as Per 
Auditor's Statement. 

Central Office: 

Sale of plans, etc S764 00 

Bridge Service: 

Chelsea North Bridge $56 97 

Meridian Street Bridge .... 4,725 40 

Clerical services 250 00 

Rent 200 00 

Albany Street Bridge 166 43 

LongfeUow Bridge 50 00 

Charlestown Bridge: 

Rents $425 00 

Damage to property . . 135 00 



Chelsea Street and Eastern Avenue Bridge: 
Federal grant 



Ferry Service: 

ToUs .... 
Rent .... 
Commission on telephones 
Cleaning telephone booths 
Junk .... 



Lighting Service: 

Damage to posts 

Paving Service: 
From assessments on abutters for cost of 
laying sidewalks in front of their prem- 
ises, including materials for the same. 
Assessments added to taxes 
Assessments paid in advance 



560 00 
287,049 98 



$28,737 62 


534 00 


41 98 


44 00 


18 00 



293,058 78 



29,375 60 
66 00 



$20,009 99 
378 86 



Carried forward 



$20,388 85 $323,264 38 



Public Works Department. 



Brought forward 






$20,388 85 


$323,264 38 


Assessments unapportioned 






13,264 59 




Permits 






12,433 71 




Sale of material 






405 42 




Rent 






60 00 




Repairing signs 






3 13 




Labor and materials furnished, 


etc. . 




103 28 


46,658 98 






Sanitary Service: 










Collection of commercial waste 






$19,540 40 




Sale of manure 






1,159 60 




Sale of garbage, etc. 






2,278 45 




Sale of junk, etc. . 






101 00 




Forfeiture on contract . 






8,000 00 


31,079 45 






Sewer Service : 










Pumping sewage, amount re- 










c e i V e d from Common- 










wealth .... 


$17,857 00 




Entrance fees 


1,768 08 




Labor and materials fur- 










nished 


785 89 










- $20,410 97 












Sewerage Works: 










Assessment, under chapter 










450, Acts of 1899 . 


$46,815 51 




Added to taxes: 










Paid in advance 


3,997 


18 




Unapportioned 


2,291 


30 




Rent 


260 


00 




Services of inspector 


229 50 





Construction, reconstruction and replace- 
ment of sewers and covering of open 
water courses: 
Federal grant 

Water Service: 

Water rates due: 

For the year 1937 and prior 

Water added to taxes . 

Service pipes for new water takers 
tending, repairing, etc. 

Elevator and fire pipe connections 

Fees on overdue rates 

Relocating hydrants 

Sale of junk, etc. . 

Labor and materials 

Board of horse 

Damage to hydrants 

Testing meters 

Weighing fees, etc. 
Chelsea North Bridge: 

Water pipe trestle, reconstruction of, Fed- 
eral grant . 



Sumner Traffic Tunnel: 
Tolls, etc. 



53,593 49 



18,418 95 



$4,387,591 68 
220,565 41 


36,394 28 


9,026 73 
11,465 21 


804 


69 


6,085 


57 


1,109 49 
478 50 


1,740 04 


351 


75 


304 


13 


33 


65 



92,423 41 



4,675,951 13 
$5,169,377 35 



,951 81 



6 



City Document No. 24. 



The records of the department show that there are 
now 2,550 persons eligible for employment in the several 
divisions, and of that number 2,503 were upon the 
January, 1938, pay rolls. 



Grade and Number of Employees. 





Services. 


Title. 


— 6 

go 
o 


Is 

C M 
Oh 




c 


bi 

c 
'S 




0) 

a 


bC 


6 

a 

t- o 


01 


1 




1 




















1 




1 
1 


1 


1 








1 


1 


1 


6 












1 




1 

2 














1 
1 


1 

1 

21 
5 

1 
5 


2 




1 

1 

28 
14 

1 
12 

5 
28 
10 
16 

5 












1 


6 




1 
10 
28 

9 
14 

7 
35 

8 










3 


Clerks 


5 


8 

1 


2 


1 


4 


2 
11 
2 
3 
2 
3 
1 
3 


25 


106 




59 












13 














34 














14 






45 
12 


25 
11 




2 
1 


5 


14 

7 


157 






50 






19 


Blacksmiths and assistants . . . 




2 
1 
6 
31 
3 


15 










2 


24 
















1 






















6 






75 

14 


87 
3 


52 


1 


14 

1 


4 
12 




12 
6 


275 






39 


Chief electrician 




1 


Chief inspectors 




1 


1 
4 














2 


Cement testers and assistants, 


















4 


Chemists and assistants 




2 
18 
















2 






1 
2 


11 


9 








10 


8 


57 


Catch-basin machine opera- 
tors 










2 


Cashiers and assistants 






1 




1 


2 


153 


2 




6 


Drawtenders and assistants. . . 








153 


Deckhands 












10 








10 


























9 


233 


164 


184 


99 


13 


24 


198 


45 


84 


1,053 





Public Works Department. 

Grade and Number of Employees. — Continued. 





Services. 


Title. 


CO 

O 




0) 

& 


>> 

5 
c 

03 
02 


u 

c 
"s 


b 
£ 


4) 

5 

a 

H 




i 

fcS 

is 


v 

"S 

is 


"3 

O 

H 




9 


233 

8 


164 

5 
2 


184 


99 


13 
9 


24 


198 


45 


84 


1,053 




22 










14 


1 






17 
















49 


49 






1 


8 
5 






18 
10 








27 


















15 


















1 


1 










2 












2 






5 
















6 








5 












5 












1 
4 
4 
6 
1 
5 










1 






















4 






















4 






214 
3 


77 
3 


258 
1 


182 


2 


7 


2 
2 

33 


90 
2 
11 

1 


838 






9 






2 


1 


22 








33 








10 


1 










12 


















1 








18 




6 
3 










24 


Pipe fitters 


















3 






43 














1 
11 


44 




















11 






7 


1 


10 




3 

7 

7 

1 
1 




2 




23 










7 






















7 


Repairers and auto mechanics, 




30 


3 






1 




23 


106 


164 

I 






















1 


















2 




2 








24 
3 












24 






4 
1 


1 














5 




2 














6 






















11 


549 


323 


462 


284 


99 


43 


209 


107 


356 


2,443 







City Document No. 24. 

Grade and Number of Employees. — Concluded. 





Services. 


Title. 


go 

o 


C3.= 




03 


si 

c 
'c 

to 


>> 


11 

c 
c 
s 


*(-r 


a; 

S 
u O 

0) o 


1 


"a 




11 


549 
9 
1 


323 


462 


284 


99 


43 


209 


107 


356 


2 443 


Stonecutters 


9 






















1 






1 
12 














1 


Stablemen 




6 
1 




11 












29 


Telephone operators 












1 


2 


Tollmen-guarck 










5 


35 






40 


Chief veterinarian 










1 








1 


Wharfingers 








3 

7 
3 












3 


Wheelwrights and assistants . . 




1 
5 


2 














8 


Yardmen 


1 










2 


13 
















Totals 


11 


572 


325 


488 


297 


104 


78 


209 


107 


359 


2.550 



Number of Employees Actually Employed January 1, 1937, and 
January 1, 1938. 









6 






£ 
o 


■a si 






5Sc 










c 
c 

3 


O 

e 
<i> 
O 








93 


03 

'S 

03 




4) C3 
£ 03 


a; 

03 


"3 
o 


January 1, 


1937 


76 


12 


182 


108 


98 


570 


493 


305 


278 


351 


2,473 


January 1, 


1938 


78 


11 


208 


104 


106 


552 


481 


321 


293 


349 


2,503 



Total Eligible Force. 



January 1, 1937. 
January 1, 1938. 



182 
209 



109 
104 



100 
107 



579 

572 



498 
488 



306 

325 



288 
297 



356 2,507 
359| 2,550 



Public Works Department. 



Appoin 


tments, Transfers, Resignations, Retirements, Death 


s, etc 


., of Employees. 






, 












00 


Sg 


= 1 


















CO 




s 

Oi 


'—> 












T3 « 


^r 


-0 




^ 


Services 


^- 


1 « 


-0 4) 


-0 


i 


5 


■2 


H 


5 « 


Q 


Pi 


01 

C 

•-5 


1937-1938. 


3 

a 




go c 
H 


oj 

c 
'S 
Pi 


'3 




2 
4 
6 










12 
182 
109 


Central Office 


11 
209 
104 


1 

2 


1 






I 


1 






1 
1 






33 


3 


1 




Ferry 




1 


3 


14 


27 




31 


2 


4 


579 




572 


90 


16 


4 


31 


15 


9 


1 


14 


1 


2 


498 




488 


6 


14 


1 


11 


g 


16 




16 






288 




297 


37 


2 


1 


9 


3 


12 
7 
4 


2 


1 

7 






306 
356 

100 




325 

359 
107 


4 
3 
1 


21 
9 

1 


1 
1 
2 


9 


6 


3 


1 


Water 


11 


2 


Water Income 


14 








4 


1 




77 


Tunnel 


78 




1 




5 












52 


87 


4 


74 


7 


9 


2,507 


Totals 


2,550 


74 


65 


11 


126 









k 



PART II. 

APPENDICES. 



(11) 



12 City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX A. 

REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF 
THE BRIDGE AND FERRY DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1938. 

To the Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — I respectfully submit the following 
report of the income, expenditures and operation of the 
Bridge and Ferry Division for the year ending December 
31, 1937. The expenditures of the division in the 
regular maintenance appropriations of the department 
were $978,818.53. Under a number of special appro- 
priations $519,970.58 was expended, making the total 
expenditures for the year $1,498,789.11. This does not 
include certain expenditures for construction work for 
other departments, which work was supervised by the 
engineers of this division. 

Under orders of the Department of the Public Utili- 
ties, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, a schedule of 
tolls and charges for the use of the Sumner Traffic 
Tunnel, between Boston proper and East Boston, was 
approved, covering the year 1937. 

A contract was awarded to T. Stuart & Son Company, 
Watertown, Mass., approved January 15, 1936, for 
rebuilding Chelsea Street Bridge, over Chelsea Creek, 
at a contract price of $629,446.50. This was Federal 
Emergency Administration of Public Works Project, 
]\Iass. Docket 1086-R. The cost of rebuilding was 
paid for as follows : 

55 per cent by the City of Boston. 

45 per cent by the Federal Emergency Administration of 

Public Works. (Officially opened May 10, 1937, at 

10 A. M.) 

The work under this contract was completed June 
30, 1937, at a total cost of $642,124.20. A report on 
this work appears later on in this report. 



Public Works Department. 13 

This division had no Federal Rehef Projects outside 
of the rebuilding of Chelsea Street Bridge. 

The more important works undertaken during the 
past year in the Bridge Service were the rebuilding of 
Chelsea Street Bridge; repairs, repaving and altering 
of Beacon Street Bridge; redecking draw span and 
painting of Chelsea Bridge South; repairs to fender 
guards and piers of Chelsea Bridge North. 

Bridge Service. 
Allston Bridge. 

A contract entered into with the John F. Shea Com- 
pany, Inc., on November 4, 1936, for repairing, altering 
and painting Allston Bridge, was completed on March 
22, 1937, at a cost of $10,352. 

The work consisted of removing loose gunite or con- 
crete from the under side of the deck system, repairing 
and strengthening present steel work, as directed, install- 
ing new blast guards as directed, the coating of the 
exposed steel work below the floor level with an approved 
protective coating, repairing the concrete fascias and 
cleaning and painting all exposed steel above the floor 
level. 

These repairs, common to all bridges over railroads, 
are necessary periodically'' since there is no quite satis- 
factory method available for preventing the corrosion 
and erosion resulting from the blasts of the locomotives 
passing below. 

Beacon Street Bridge. 

The general condition of Beacon Street Bridge, over 
the Boston & Albany Railroad, indicated extensive 
repairs were necessary, or in a relatively short time it 
would be too late to save the structure. 

To make the general repairs to the paving and steel 
work a contract with J. A. Singarella Construction 
Corporation was approved on August 24, 1937. 

Work under the contract started at once, but owing 
to weather conditions and the fact that all work on the 
under side of the bridge floor was done between mid- 
night and early morning, so that interference with 
railroad service would be reduced to a minimum, the 
contract was not more than half completed at the end 
of the year. 



14 City Document No. 24. 

Chelsea Bridge North. 

To repair the fender piers around the draw and the 
outer ends of the fixed spans of Chelsea Bridge North, 
which were badly in need of attention, due to natural 
deterioration of the pile and timber work and damage 
caused primarily by the motor ship ''California" foul- 
ing the structure, a contract with the M. & R. Con- 
struction Company was approved on June 29, 1937. 

In the course of the work 119 piles or pile stubs 
were removed, 11,050 linear feet of new oak piles were 
driven, 66 old spur shores were refitted, about 99,000 
feet board measure new yellow pine was installed, 
about 19,000 pounds of bolts, etc., furnished and 188 
gallons of wood preservative applied. 

Work under this contract was completed on November 
29, 1937, at a cost of $20,435.54. 

Chelsea Bridge South. 

In spite of local repairs to the pavement of the draw 
leaves of the Chelsea Bridge South, the general con- 
dition became so bad that a new pavement, properly 
laid, was the most economical solution of the problem. 

On March 17, 1937, a contract with Maurice M. 
Devine, Inc., was approved, for removing all the old 
paving, covering boards, etc., laying a new wood block 
pavement, complete, on each draw leaf, cleaning all the 
structurals by the sand blast method, patch painting 
with red lead followed by two coats of finish paint, 
laying new plank sidewalks, repairing bridge rails and 
adjusting the counterweights; all work under this con- 
tract was done without stopping of water-borne traffic 
and by keeping open one roadway at all times. 

Work under this contract was completed on March 31, 
1937, at a cost of $13,666. 

Chelsea Street Bridge. 

The work called for under a contract for rebuilding 
Chelsea Street Bridge, which was signed January 15, 
1936, was not completed until June 30, 1937, at a cost 
of $642,124.20. 

This work was a Federal Emergency Administration 
of PubHc Works Project, Mass. Docket 1086-R, calling 
for an entirely new bridge. T. Stuart & Son Company 
was the general contractor. 



Public Works Department. 15 

The new bridge, which parallels the adjacent railroad 
bridge, is located far enough from the old highway 
bridge so that the construction of a temporary bridge 
was not necessary, the old bridge remaining in opera- 
tion until the completion of the new structure. 

The new Chelsea Street Bridge is of concrete and 
steel construction, about 448 feet long and 70 feet wide, 
with two 10-foot sidewalks. There are six spans in all; 
four deck beam approach spans (one on the East 
Boston side and three on the Chelsea side), a tail span 
and a through bascule draw span of the heel trunnion 
type. The draw spans a 100-foot free waterway, as 
required by the United States Army, District Engineer 
Office. 

In order to keep a free waterway at all times, the 
draw span was erected in the raised position. This 
span, which is 140 feet long from heel trunnion to 
center of bearing, is raised and lowered through two 
operating struts, which in turn are driven by the main 
pinions which engage with racks on the under side of 
the operating struts. The main pinions are driven, 
through a train of reducing gears, by two 50-horse 
power motors, 550 volts, direct current; in the common 
way shaft which drives the main pinion is mounted a 
differential which automatically equalizes the loads on 
the operating struts. There is also an emergency 
operating unit which consists of a 50-horse power gaso- 
line engine; since completion of the contract emer- 
gencies have arisen which required operating the draw 
on this gasoline engine. 

The heel trunnions on which the bridge turns are 
21 inches in diameter; the counterweight trunnions 
which support the overhung counterweights are 38 
inches in- diameter; the counterweight weighs about 
1,100 tons, is of reinforced concrete with provision for 
adjusting by stowing of 100-pound elements in sealed 
pockets. 

The supporting steel of the deck of the fixed spans 
are all rolled sections. The deck is a reinforced con- 
crete slab anchored to the top flanges of the supporting 
steel; the wearing surface is of granite block with 
asphalt joints. 

The abutments are of concrete and the piers are of 
concrete, granite faced to an elevation 2 feet below 



16 City Document No. 24. 

mean low water; piers are fitted with granite cap stones. 
The bridge was opened to all surface travel May 10, 
1937. 

On completion of the new structure, the old bridge 
w^as removed in detail, the old piles pulled and the 
whole waterway searched by divers to assure that the 
required depth of channel was maintained without 
obstacles of any kind. 

Day Labor Force. 
The Day Labor Force patched and replaced deck 
sheathing, headers and sidewalk planking on various 
bridges; repaired platforms, refastened treads, repaired 
draw headers, cleaned and painted draw houses and 
shelter houses; made repairs to draw houses and con- 
troller houses; added to counterweights; repaired steps, 
removed snow and ice from bridges and sanded same; 
repaired piers, painted fences and gates; did general 
carpenter work and painting and made mechanical 
repairs, etc., patched sidewalks and roadways of follow- 
ing bridges: Berkeley Street, Blue Hill Avenue, Boston 
Street, Boylston Street, Byron Street, Charlestown, 
Chelsea South, Chelsea Street, Dover Street, Dorchester 
Avenue, Jones Avenue, iVIeridian Street, Neptune Road, 
Southampton Street, Summer Street over Fort Point 
Channel, Warren, Broadw^ay, Central Avenue, Hyde 
Park Avenue, jMalden, Dorchester Avenue, over rail- 
road, Glenwood Avenue, L Street, Mystic Avenue, Nor- 
folk Street, Redfield Street, Babson Street, Broadway 
Extension, Chelsea North, Commercial Point, Everett 
Street, Gove Street, Huntington Avenue, Albany Street, 
Cummins Highway, Follen Street, Sprague Street, Web- 
ster Street, Winthrop, West Fourth Street, Blakemore 
Street, Congress Street, River Street, Prison Point. 
Also repaired wood block paving, patched headers, 
fences, steps, platforms, etc., at Granite Avenue Bridge, 
Yarmouth Street Bridge, Berkeley Street Bridge, Blue 
Hill Avenue Bridge, Braddock Park Bridge, Charles- 
town Bridge, Gainborough Street Bridge, Summer Street 
Bridge, Chelsea North Bridge, Irvington Street Bridge, 
Jones Avenue Footbridge. Placed new wheel guards, 
painted gates and signals and powder plant at Charles- 
town Bridge, painted new oil house, repaired boat and 
fence, built new bin, repaired draw ends, added counter- 
weight at Chelsea Street Bridge, painted fence and boat, 
built sheave foundation, at Dorchester Avenue Bridge, 



Public Works Department. 17 

painted and repaired fences and gates, patched sheath- 
ing on island at Warren Bridge, also rebuilt safety 
barrier and erected shanty for snow workers at Warren 
Bridge, built vault foundations; painted furniture and 
gates, built raft fenders at Chelsea North Bridge, rebuilt 
approaches and draw ends at Warren Bridge, repaired 
float, rebuilt and painted gates; painted inside of 
draw house, put in new track ties, installed new draw 
roller trucks at Summer Street Bridge, removed 
gunite from ceiling and repaired platform at Beacon 
Street Bridge, painted machinery shelter in pit and 
repaired ramp and float at Northern Avenue Bridge, 
removed broken wallings in waterways of Chelsea Street 
Bridge, painted inside of draw house, painted gates and 
signals at Meridian Street Bridge, cleaned and varnished 
inside of draw house, painted gates and signals at Chel- 
sea South Bridge, set window glass at various draw- 
bridges, refastened traffic treads at various bridges; 
repaired rafts and piers; painted fences; patched wood 
block and granite block paving at various bridges. 
Machinery and electrical equipment of all bridges 
received frequent maintenance. Built new wooden 
ceiling at yard; adjusted counterweights on various 
bridges; built lockers and repaired floor at Sumner 
Tunnel. Repaired windows and built sand boxes at 
intown yard. Removed snow from intown bridges and 
sanded same. Made miscellaneous small repairs at 
various bridges. 

Miscellaneous. 
Aside from the purely divisional activities there was 
an appreciable amount of time and effort spent in other 
departmental work and work outside of the department 
itself. It should be noted in every case that work 
was deemed by the Commissioner to be of an emer- 
gency nature that required immediate attention of the 
personnel of this division. 

Sanitary Division. 
Victory Road Disposal Station. 
The Sanitary Division, through a W. P. A. grant, 
started a complete renewal of the siding of the Disposal 
Station at Victory road. Included in this work was a 
general overhauling and repairing of the superstructure. 
While this much-needed work was under way, neces- 
sary foundation work was anticipated by the approval 



18 City Document No. 24. 

of a contract with A. Orlando, Inc., on December 7, 
1937. The work to be done under this contract is 
restricted almost entirely to the south side of the station 
and consists mainly of removing damaged outside 
supporting piles, driving of new sound piles and installing 
new crossbracing, posting and miscellaneous timber 
work. 

Work under this contract started on December 21, 
1937. For this reason but little work was accomplished 
before the close of the year. 

Ferry Service. 
The follow^ing ferryboats are in commission: 

Name. When Built. Length. Gross Tons. 

Lieutenant Flaherty 1921 174 ft. 755 

Charle.s C. Donoghue 1926 174 " 4 in. 756. 77 

Daniel A. MacCormack 1926 174 " 4 in. 756. 77 

Ralph J. Palumbo 1930 174 " 4 in. 779 

All these boats are of the propeller type and are all 
steel boats. 

The work of this service for the year consisted of the 
following : 

Ferryboat '^Charles C. Donoghue.'^ 
The work on the hull and machinery at the time of the 
annual inspection of the "Charles C. Donoghue" was 
done under a contract with the Quincy Dry Dock and 
Yacht Corporation, approved on September 23, 1937. 
Repairs, other than the regular cleaning, painting and 
hull work, consisted of truing up on centers all main 
engine valve stems and piston rods, the refitting of all 
main crossheads, the rebabbitting of four main crank 
pin brasses, the adjusting and fitting of all main bearings 
and eccentrics, the complete overhaul of valve link 
assemblies, the opening of all boiler mountings and 
attachments as required by the United States Steamboat 
Inspection Service, the repairing of the internal piping 
of the boilers and the furnishing and fitting of three new 
high and three new low pressure piston rings. 

Work on this contract w^as completed on November 
5, 1937, at a cost of $10,786.50. 

Ferryboat "Daniel A. MacCormack." 
On the expiration of the Ucense of the ''Daniel A. 
MacCormack," a contract with the Bethlehem Ship- 



Public Works Department. 19 

building Corporation was approved on April 8, 1937, 
for a rather extensive overhauling. In addition to the 
annual necessary cleaning and painting and hull repairs 
to seams, rivets, propellers, rudders, etc., it was neces- 
sary to insure reasonable continuous operation of the 
engines for the following year, to check clearances 
generally and to make the required adjustments for 
satisfactory running conditions. 

The work done under this contract included the 
refitting of the main crossheads, rebabbitting of four 
main crank pin brasses and the scraping and fitting 
of all ; the complete overhaul of the valve link assemblies ; 
the opening up and inspection of all boiler nozzles and 
attachments as required by the United States Steamboat 
Inspection Service, the installing of an independent 
suction, complete, for the ship's fire and bilge pump, 
the relocating of the hand deck pump in the fire room, 
the furnishing of four new valve stems, the installing 
of four new piston rods, the reboring of one high and one 
low pressure cylinder and the reboring of two valve 
cages. 

Work on this contract was completed on June 16, 
1937, at a cost of $9,650.92. 

Ferryboat "Ralph J. Palumbo." 
On November 30, 1936, a contract was made with the 
Quincy Dry Dock and Yacht Corporation to make the 
routine repairs to the hull and machinery of this vessel, 
all incidental to the annual inspection. 

Included in the machine work was the opening of all 
boiler mountings and attachments, in accordance with 
United States Steamboat Inspection Service rules, the 
furnishing and fitting of a new independent suction for 
the ship's fire and bilge pump, with the necessary cutting 
of a new opening in the hull and the furnishing of a 
new inlet box and strainer and the rebabbitting and 
machining of four main engine crank pin boxes. 

Work under this contract was completed on January 
15, 1937, at a cost of $8,643.59. 

Department Force. 

During the year machinists, carpenters, painters, 

riggers and electricians, who are included in the personnel 

of the Ferry Service, made all repairs possible to the 

plant to the extent of equipment at their disposal. 



20 City Document No. 24. 

This work consisted mainly of minor repairs to the 
machinery on the boats, repairs to ferry bridge ma- 
chinery, ferry bridge roadways and headhouse repairs 
in general. 

Sumner Tunnel. 

Summary of Work During 1937. 

The plan of the rotating group schedule for main- 
tenance work which was inaugurated in 1936 was 
continued in operation in 1937, and the system was 
made more effective l:»y the development of the ''Trouble 
Notice Reports." In the rotating schedule plan, the 
various equipment and items of work are divided into a 
number of groups, and as each man completes his 
period of shifts as operator and inspector on the opera- 
tion of the tunnel, he is assigned to one of these groups 
for a given period. For each succeeding maintenance 
period, the man is shifted to a different group in accord- 
ance to a planned schedule, so that over a period of 
about a year, all the men will work on all the different 
types of equipment. In this way, every man is well 
trained and equipped to maintain and repair any equip- 
ment; the work is evenly divided, and the employees 
are more contented with a variation in the type of 
work. 

The chief object of this system of rotating schedule 
is for the purpose of performing ''preventative main- 
tenance," that is, to check equipment and make neces- 
sary adjustments and repairs before trouble develops 
and thus avoid necessary shutdowns of equipment for 
trouble. 

In March of 1937, the "Trouble Notice Report" 
system was put into effect. In this plan the operator, 
inspector, or other employee reports any trouble on the 
buildings, equipment, etc., on a form called "Trouble 
Notice." This report is made out in triplicate. One 
copy of this report goes to the man responsible for 
repairs and maintenance of the particular equipment, 
the second copy is sent at once to the office for a follow- 
up on the repairs, and the third copy is left in the book 
in the control room for reference. After repairs have 
been made, the original copy of the "Trouble Notice" 
is sent to the office with a report of the work done. By 
this system, equipment is repaired and ready for service 
with least delay. 



Public Works Department. 21 

During the year, in addition to the general mainte- 
nance of equipment, there was considerable work done 
of a special nature. 

Toll Registering Equipment. — Steel plates were in- 
stalled on each side of the treadles to correct the level 
of the treadles to the roadway, and to reduce the wear 
on the edges of the treadles. A number of treadles 
were repaired and overhauled during the year. The 
old type of cables on the treadles have been replaced by 
Anhydrex-insulated, Tirex rubber-jacketed type of 
cables. A new treadle circuit has been developed and 
tested out which will eliminate some of the troubles 
experienced previously. The work of rewiring the toll 
registers and key boxes has been started in order to 
eliminate all possibility of faulty operation of equip- 
ment due to grounds and shorts in the wiring. All of 
the toll registering equipment has been under constant 
supervision and carefully maintained in order to keep 
equipment in perfect working condition. 

Traffic Signal System. — All relays and equipment 
connected with the traffic signal system have been 
cleaned, adjusted and tested at regular intervals. 
Broken glasses on signs and signals have been replaced, 
and signal units have been cleaned as needed. Drain 
holes have been cut in the niches, and the niche doors 
have been repainted. Periodic tests have been made 
on the operation of the Booth-Red signal system. The 
old lead cables at several stations have been replaced by 
Anhydrex rubber-jacketed type of cables. Relays and 
equipment have been installed on the Code Call system, 
so that the noise of the bells in the ventilation build- 
ings can be eliminated at night and on Sundays. Dur- 
ing this period the bells in the buildings are replaced 
by flashing lights. 

Telephone System. — Since replacing the old defective 
lead cables with Latox-insulated, Anhydrex rubber- 
jacketed type of cables in 1935-36, there has been 
practically no trouble with the telephone system. The 
relays on the telephone switchboard have been checked 
and adjusted; a new fuse block was installed, and a 
meter was connected in the circuit to warn the operator 
of any trouble on the various lines. Changes have 
been made in the tungar charger so that the telephone 
batteries are now kept floating across the line instead 



22 City Document No. 24. 

of being charged at periodic intervals. Porcelain num- 
ber plates have been attached to all telephone stations 
in the tunnel. 

Motor Generators and Batteries. — All motor generators 
have been cleaned regularly, and the commutators of 
the generators have been ground and polished. The 
power batteries have been checked and cleaned regularly. 
A representative of the Philco Company inspected, 
checked and tested both sets of batteries. He stated 
that the batteries were being properly maintained and 
that they were in very satisfactory condition. Altera- 
tions have been made to the electric heating equipment 
of the East Boston battery room in order to keep the 
room at proper temperature. 

Elevators. — The elevators and the control equipment 
have been checked regularly and repaired. The annual 
load test and inspection was made by the Portland Ele- 
vator Company with the City of Boston Elevator 
Inspector. 

Carbon Monoxide Recording Equipment. — The carbon 
monoxide equipment has been very carefully main- 
tained, checked and calibrated at regular intervals in 
order to keep the equipment operating correctly at 
all times. All carbon monoxide records showing the 
condition of the tunnel air are properly labeled and 
filed away for future reference. A new type of spring 
arrangement was developed for the Lectrodryer valve 
mechanism to overcome faulty operation of this part of 
the equipment. As stated in the 1936 report, the alarm 
on the carbon monoxide recorders is set for 2.5 parts 
of carbon monoxide in 10,000 parts of air, and the opera- 
tors have been instructed to keep the dilution of the air 
below 1.5 parts during certain periods of heavy traffic. 
Out of 8,760 hours during the year 1937, the carbon 
monoxide recorders indicated a value of 2.0 parts and 
above only 285 times, and most of these peaks were 
for a duration of only a few minutes. 

Ventilation Equipment. — All fans, motors and fan con- 
trol equipment have been cleaned and checked at regu- 
lar intervals and carefully maintained. Some trouble 
has been experienced in the matter of proper lubrica- 
tion of the motor bearings. This trouble has been 
entirely eliminated by the use of Lubriko M-6 grease. 
The spring cover type of oil level cup on the fan bear- 
ings has been replaced by a glass gauge type of cup, 
so that the oil level can be noted easily without the 




Public Works Department. 23 

possibility of dirt getting into the oil of the bearings. 
Weatherproof disconnecting switches were installed on 
four of the damper motors to replace the unsatisfactory 
indoor type. The disconnecting switches on the other 
damper motors will be replaced at a later date. 

During the year the ventilation equipment was 
operated as follows: 



Average Per 
Day. 



Fan hours on low speeed 122,404 335 

Fan hours on high speed 11,220 31 



Miscellaneous Equipment. — All protective relays on 
switchgear were tested, checked and set for proper 
operation. All switchgear has been tested for opera- 
tion at regular intervals. All switchboards and switch- 
gear have been cleaned, adjusted and carefully main- 
tained. 

The oil in the power transformers and the lighting 
distribution transformers was checked and tested for 
dielectric strength and acidity. 

The voltage regulators were checked, adjusted and 
set to give the proper voltage on lighting cables in the 
tunnel and the buildings. Connection taps on the 
power transformers were changed to the proper voltage 
values to correct for the low voltage on the buses. 

The selsyn indicators on the meter board in the 
control room were remounted for better operation and 
maintenance. 

In the harbor pump room, plugs and receptacles were 
installed for the float switches so that any pump can be 
operated by any one of the floats. 

The neon signs on the plazas were repaired and 
repainted. 

Ventilation Buildings — General. — Concrete risers 
were installed on various doors in the ventilation build- 
ings to prevent water from running into the switch- 
rooms. 

Copper flashing was installed on some of the coping 
of the East Boston ventilation building. A section of 
the northeast wall of the East Boston ventilation build- 
ing was pointed and washed with a waterproofing 
solution. 



24 City Document No. 24. 

The walls of the boilers located in the East Boston 
garage and the Boston ventilation building were rebuilt. 

Tunnel — General. — The catch-basins, sumps and the 
drainage system of the tunnel were cleaned as needed. 
The tunnel handrail and all niche doors were repainted. 
The exhaust air duct above the tunnel ceiling was 
cleaned in the fall by the vacuum cleaner. The tunnel 
roadway was repaired as needed. 

Fire Protection Equipment. — ■ All fire extinguishers 
have been inspected at periodic intervals, and a yearly 
test and inspection was made of all fire extinguishers. 
All fire extinguishers were repainted. Porcelain num- 
ber plates were attached to all tunnel fire extinguisher 
niche doors. 

The tunnel fire water line was put into operation in 
January, 1937. During the winter months this pipe 
line is kept dry, with the drain valve located in the 
harbor pump room kept closed. In case of a fire, the 
main valves located in the portal pump rooms will be 
opened by members of the Boston Fire Department. 
During the summer months this pipe line will be kept 
filled with water but not under pressure. On March 7 
and March 21, tests were made on the fire line in con- 
junction with the Boston Fire Department. A check 
was made on the time to fill the line with the valve 
open at one end, and with the valves open at both 
ends. The static pressure was measured at various 
niches in the tunnel, and also pressure tests were made 
at the nozzle with one and two hose lines in the center 
of the tunnel. 

Fire Alarms. — In order that the operator in the control 
room in the Boston ventilation building may know the 
location of fires with respect to the tunnel, for the 
proper operation of the ventilation equipment, a fire 
alarm tapper was installed in the control room in 
February, 1937. Due to the inability to hear the tapper 
at times of switching and the ringing of the alarm bells, 
an auxiliary register tape was added to the tapper 
circuit in May, 1937. The operator especially notes the 
location of fires from boxes in the vicinity of the tunnel 
buildings, so that by knowing the direction of the wind, 
the ventilation setup can be changed if necessary to 
prevent blowing smoke into the tunnel. 

Cables. — The 2,300-volt tie cables between the two 
ventilation buildings were tested by Kenetron (15 KV. 



Public Works Department. 25 

D. C.) and Megger, and these cables were found to be 
in good condition. These tests were made by the 
Simplex Wire and Cable Company without charge to 
the City of Boston. 

In 1935 a complete cable survey was made of the 
cables in the tunnel. These tests were made in collab- 
oration with the engineers of the Simplex Wire and 
Cable Company. From that survey and a study of 
the results, it was determined that cable failures in 
the tunnel were due in large part to electrolysis from 
leakage currents, combined with some galvanic and 
chemical action. The cables had been seriously affected 
due to the fact that the cables were not installed prop- 
erly, bonded and grounded. 

The telephone cables in the tunnel were replaced in 
1935 and 1936. In the report on the cable survey it 
was brought out that other cables in the tunnel were 
affected to a more or less extent, and that it would be 
necessary to install as soon as possible a ground net- 
work of sufficient size and to properly bond and ground 
all cable sheaths in order to eliminate the electrolysis 
action and to prolong the life of the cables in the tunnel. 

In 1936 the Boston Edison Company reported trouble 
in recording the totalized demand readings from East 
Boston. This trouble was due to faulty conductors in 
the METERING Cable which transfers meter readings 
from the East Boston ventilation building to the Boston 
ventilation building. Tests on the cable in 1936 showed 
that about half of the conductors in the cable had been 
affected and that it would be necessary to replace the 
cable. 

In October, 1937, this old lead metering cable was 
replaced by a 61-conductor, size number 19 A. W. G., 
stranded, Latox insulated, Anhydrex rubber-jacketed 
cable. This new cable was manufactured and installed 
in one length of 4,210 feet, without a splice. The work 
of pulling out the old lead cable and pulling in the new 
one-length rubber-jacketed cable was completed in four 
nights. 

Power Consumption. — Electrical power is supplied by 
the Boston Edison Company at 13,800 volts by two 
cables to each ventilation building. This power is 
used not only for ventilation equipment, but also for 
pumps, elevators, electric heating, and lighting of the 
tunnel and buildings. 



26 



City Document No. 24. 



A summary of the power requirements for 1937 is 
given in the table below. The corresponding figures 
are given for 1936 for comparison. 



1936. 



1937. 



Total kilowatt hours 

Total cost of power 

Total vehicles 

Average cost of power per month 

Average cost of power per day 

Average cost of power per kilowatt hour 

Average cost of power per vehicle 

Average kilowatt hour per vehicle 

Average kilowatt load 

Average load factor 

Greatest monthly demand (kilowatts) . . . 
Average total power factor 



2.698,852 
$38,472 28 
5,187,531 
$3,206 02 
$105,116 
$0.01425 
$0.00742 
0.520 
310 
0.342 
1,220 
0.921 



2,766,850 
$38,607 68 
5,350,929 
$3,217 31 
$105.77 
$0.01395 
$0.00721 

0.517 
316 
0.355 
1,144 
0.920 



Garage Service Jobs. — During 1937 there were re- 
ported 357 tow jobs, of which 130 were trucks and buses, 
and 227 were passenger cars. During 1936 there were 
268 tow jobs, and during 1935 there were 456 tow jobs. 

Traffic Accidents in the Tunnel. — During the year 
1937 there were nine traffic accidents. Three of 
these accidents occurred on the East Boston plaza, and 
the other six accidents were in the tunnel. Three of the 
nine accidents were between a car and city property — 
not a motor vehicle. In seven of these nine accidents 
there were minor personal injuries. During the three 
and one-half years of operation of the tunnel, there 
has not been a single fatal accident in the tunnel. 

Two of the nine accidents were caused by faulty 
mechanism. One accident was reported as cause un- 
known, but apparently one or both parties cut out of 
line. The other six accidents were caused by excessive 
speed, cutting out of line, failure to maintain the proper 
distance between vehicles, and failure to obey traffic 
signals and the orders of the tunnel guards. 

Fires in Tunnel. — During the year 1937 there were 
only five fires reported. Two of these fires were on the 
plazas, and three were in the tunnel. Four of these 
fires were minor and resulted in little or no damage. 
The Boston Fire Department was called in two cases, 



Public Works Department. 



27 



but one alarm was needless. There was one serious 
truck fire on June 29, at 10.27 a. m. For this fire the 
tunnel was closed to traffic for twenty-six minutes. 

Booth-Red. — In case of a fire, wreck, or other serious 
trouble in the tunnel, the guards on duty in the tunnel 
push an emergency button which sets the red traffic 
lights and starts a horn blowing at both entrances to 
the tunnel. An alarm is also sounded in the control 
room. All traffic is stopped from entering the tunnel 
until clearance is given by the operator in the control 
room. 

During 1937, the booth-red was put on twenty (20) 
times for a total duration of eighty-seven (87) minutes, 
and an average duration of 4.4 minutes. Of the twenty 
times, the booth-red was put on 13 times by mistake. 
Thus the booth-red was put on 7 times for some 
trouble in the tunnel for a total of 55 minutes. Most 
of the errors of putting on booth-red was caused by 
welfare workers. Every effort is being made to elimin- 
ate the errors of putting on booth-red which causes 
the tunnel to be closed to traffic. 

A comparison of booth-red is given below for the 
years 1937, 1936 and 1935. 



1 

1935. 


1936. 


1937. 




38 

331 minutes 

8.7 minutes 

50 minutes 


17 

107 minutes 

6.3 minutes 

34 minutes 


20 


Total duration 




Average duration 




Maximum duration 









Yours respectfully. 



Thomas H. Sexton, 
Division Engineer. 



28 



City Document No. 24. 



BRIDGE SERVICE. 



Financial Statement, 1937. 

Expenditures from Maintenance Appropriations. 

Boston bridges ..... $428,612 35 
Boston and Cambridge bridges . 5,002 79 

$433,615 14 



Total Expenditures. 
From maintenance appropriation . $433,615 14 
From special appropriations . . 519,970 58 









$953,585 72 


Expenditures on Boston Bridges. 




Administration : 






Division engineer . 


$3,000 00 




Engineers and draughtsmen 


47,901 98 




Clerks 


5,200 00 




Blueprinters . 




2,800 00 




Inspectors 




8,815 63 




Foreman . 




2,500 00 




Veterans' pensions 




1,500 00 




Holidays . 




1,785 51 




Vacations 




1,310 39 




Injured employees 




77 57 








$74,891 08 






Printing, postage and stationery 


$927 10 




Traveling expenses 


250 90 




Telephone .... 


13 45 




Engineers' supplies and instru 


- 




ments (new and repaired) 


156 22 




Typewriter inspection . 


18 00 




Photographs .... 


6 34 




Supplies and miscellaneous . 


71 75 


1,443 76 












$76,334 84 



Public Works Department. 



29 



Yard and Stockroom: 
Yard: 

Clerk and watchmen 

Traveling expenses . 

Tools, new and repaired 

Telephone . 

Repairs in yard . 

Supplies 

Auto equipment 

Stockroom : 

Stock purchased 
Stock used . 

Decrease in stock 



57,970 41 

284 25 

717 18 

289 51 

116 93 

626 60 

6,252 08 



$16,909 51 

17,779 84 



$16,256 36 



870 33 
$15,386 03 



Tidewater Bridges, 1937. 



Bridges. 


Drawtenders' 
Salaries. 


Mechanics' 
Wages. 


Material. 


Repair 
Bills. 


Supplies. 


Totals. 


Broadway 


$17,420 69 


$1,310 93 


$702 57 


$173 45 


$238 71 


$19,846 35 


Charlestown 


23,186 81 


2,619 00 


1,611 45 


783 21 


297 49 


28,497 96 


Chelsea North 


19,162 17 


1,178 02 


347 53 


1,443 63 


1,490 82 


23,622 17 


Chelsea South 


20,033 64 


1,074 81 


1,994 81 


839 31 


699 28 


24,641 85 




19,207 40 
17,355 63 


1,671 51 
506 89 


946 55 
169 56 


774 61 
146 11 


749 00 
431 00 


23,349 07 


Congress Street 


18,609 19 


Dorchester Avenue 


17,290 43 


2,917 11 


1,255 28 


574 74 


247 30 


22,284 86 


Dover Street 


17,631 77 


2,839 39 


1,334 40 


406 21 


207 12 


22,418 89 


L Street * 


17,635 07 


1,454 20 


769 95 


453 28 


258 53 


20,571 03 


Maiden 


18,633 88 
17,210 70 


1,489 38 
2,900 19 


873 29 
680 20 


97 51 
571 64 


501 86 
275 20 


21,595 92 


Meridian Street 


21,637 93 


Northern Avenue 


19,618 87 


1,302 40 


247 84 


1,586 44 


3,626 38 


26,381 93 




17,562 90 
17,243 86 


2,757 75 
3,363 79 


897 54 
1,297 55 


549 92 
1,906 62 


329 85 
296 90 


22,097 96 


Warren 


24,108 72 






Totals 


$259,193 82 


$27,385 37 


$13,128 52 


$10,306 68 


$9,649 44 


$319,663 83 







* Now Summer Street, over Reserved Channel. 



30 



City Document No. 24. 

Repairs on Inland Bridges. 



Bridges. 



Labor 
and 

Material. 



Albany Street 

Austin Street — Prison Point 

Ariington Street 

Babson Street 

Beacon Street, over Boston & Albany Railroad 

Berkeley Street 

Blakemore Street 

Blue Hill Avenue 

Boston Street 

Bennington Street 

Boylston Street, over Boston & Albany Railroad 

Braddock Park — Pollen Street (Foot) 

Broadway Extension , 

Byron Street 

Cambridge Street, over Boston & Maine Railroad 

Camden Street — Gainsborough Street 

Central Avenue 

Dartmouth Street (rent, $300) 

Dorchester Avenue 

Durham Street — West Rutland Square (Foot) 

Everett Street 

Glen wood Avenue 

Granite Avenue 

Gove Street (Foot) 

Harvard Street 

Hyde Park Avenue 

Huntington Avenue 

Irvington Street — Yarmouth Street (Foot) 

Jones Avenue (Foot) 

Massachusetts Avenue, over New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad 

Milton Lower Mills 

Mystic Avenue 

Norfolk Street 

New Allen Street 

Neptune Road 

Redfield Street 

Carried forward 



$513 06 

20 58 

10 50 

795 68 

493 69 

223 28 

83 95 

693 92 

178 28 

318 13 

1,366 87 

140 60 

871 44 

669 10 

261 45 

113 06 

118 04 

317 23 

603 22 

116 42 

98 58 

374 52 

57 01 

348 28 

45 27 

48 08 

33 84 

222 84 

72 91 

57 50 

40 90 

171 20 

129 44 

80 03 

107 47 

590 30 



S10,386 59 



Public Works Department. 

Repairs on Inland Bridges. — Concluded. 



31 



Bridges. 



Labor 

and 

Material. 


SI 0,386 


59 


12 


33 


16 


50 


120 


25 


114 


15 


95 


50 


10 


50 


135 


23 


36 


17 


2,302 


77 


109 


94 


3,316 


67 


430 


15 


140 


90 


$17,227 


65 



Brought forward 

River Street 

Spring Street 

Southampton Street 

Sprague Street 

Toll Gate Way (Foot) 

Tremont Street 

Walworth Street 

Wordsworth Street 

West Fourth Street 

Winthrop 

Cleaning bridges 

Snow removal and sanding 
Other services 

Total 



Summary. 

Administration $76,334 84 

Yard and stockroom 15,386 03 

Tidewater bridges 319,663 83 

Inland bridges 17,227 65 

$428,612 35 

Boston and Cambridge bridges 5,002 79 

Total $433,615 14 



32 City Document No. 24. 



BRIDGES, REPAIRS, ETC. 



Allston Bridge. 
John F. Shea & Co., Inc $10,352 00 

Beacon Street Bridge. 
J. A. Singarella Construction Company . . . . . 12,528 23 

Berkeley Street Bridge. 
Repair sidewalk 274 41 

Boston Street Bridge. 
Repair sidewalk 390 40 

Broadway Bridge. 
Repair paving 385 50 

Charlestown Bridge. 
Repair paving 692 68 

Chelsea North Bridge. 
M. & R. Construction Company . . . $17,370 21 
Install transformer vault 735 00 

18,105 21 

Chelsea Bridge South. 

Maurice M. Devine $13,666 00 

Inspection of paving blocks .... 57 00 

Material 414 34 

New steel plates installed 500 00 

14,637 34 

Dorchester Avenue Bridge. 
Repair paving 506 48 

Dorchester Avenue Bridge, Over Railroad. 
Repair paving 469 20 

Dover Street Bridge. 

Repair paving $471 75 

Repair fence 225 00 

696 75 

Malden Bridge. 
Repair paving 447 98 

Meridian Street Bridge. 
W. H. EUis & Son Company 1,742 77 

Northern Avenue Bridge. 
Adjust counters in panels 674 05 

Carried forward $61,903 00 



Public Works Department. 



33 



Brought forward 



Repair draw foundation 
Repair paving 



Warren Bridge. 



$819 69 
1,500 69 



$61,903 00 



2,320 38 
$64,223 38 



Chelsea Street and Eastern Avenxje Bridge. 
Chapter 366, Acts of 1933, as Amended. 



T. Stuart & Sons Company 










$225,759 70 


Fay, Spofford & Thorndike 








3,583 70 


Strauss and Paine, Inc. 








822 50 


Robert W. Hunt Company 








1,457 86 


Inspection of rivets 








500 00 


Inspection of lumber . 










139 71 


Testing concrete cjdinders 










11 00 


Diver .... 










99 00 


Retirement of debt 










208,000 00 


Interest .... 










991 78 


Traveling expense 










301 95 


Conduit cable riser 










50 00 


Total 


. $441,747 20 



SUMMARY. 
Expenditures from Special Appropriations. 





Balances 
from 
1933. 


Total Credits, 

Including 

Balances 

Carried Over 

and Transfers. 


Expended 

During Year 

1937. 


Balances 

Unexpended 

December 31, 

1937. 


Bridges, repairs, etc 

Chelsea North Bridge, re- 
pair and strengthening . . . 

Chelsea Street and Eastern 
Avenue Bridge, chapter 
366, Acts of 1933, as 


S46,173 80 
588 96 

193,717 77 
34,198 41 


$77,173 80 
588 96 

480,767 75 
34,198 41 


$64,223 38 


$12,950 42 
588 96 


441,747 20 
14,000 00 


39,020 55 


Northern Avenue Bridge, re- 
construction, chapter 366, 
Acts 1933, as amended *. . 


20,198 01 


Totals 


$274,678 94 


$592,728 92 


$519,970 58 


$72,758 34 







* $14,000 expended for retirement of debt. 



34 



City Document No. 24. 









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36 City Document No. 24. 



FERRY SERVICE. 



Financial Statement for the Year Ending 
December 31, 1937. 

1. Receipts. 

Total cash receipts during the year . . . $29,275 60 
Cash in hands of tollmen at beginning of year . 140 00 



,415 60 

Cash paid over to City Collector i . . . $29,375 60 
Cash in hands of tollmen December 31, 1937 . 40 00 

$29,415 60 

2. Appropriations and Expenditures. 

Received from annual appropriations for Ferry 

Service $315,717 53 

Unexpended balances from special appropria- 
tions, January 1, 1937 $27,439 39 

Expenditures 00 

Unexpended balances of special appropriations, 
December 31, 1937 $27,439 39 

3. Results of Operation for the Year. 

Receipts for the year (net income) . . . $29,375 60 

Ordinary expense (maintenance 

appropriations) .... $315,817 53 

Interest paid on ferry debt . . 12,510 00 

Depreciations on ferryboats . . 64,048 93 

Decrease in value of machinery 

and tools 212 68 

$392,589 14 
Increase in value of supplies on 
hand 1,094 54 

Net outgo for year $391,494 60 

Net loss for year 2 $352, 119 00 

1 Includes $100 deposited with City Collector, withdrawn from cash in hands of tollmen. 
» Does not include expenditures for special appropriations. 



Public Works Department. 



37 



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38 



City Document No. 24. 



Balance Sheet for Year 1937. 

Assets. 
Cash, tollman's capital .... 

Rents receivable 

Supplies in stock 

City Treasurer (balance of appropriation) 

Ferryboats (less depreciation) 

Machinery and tools .... 

Real estate, land and buildings (assessors' valuation) 

Damage received 



Cost of avenues, etc., East Boston (previous to 1871) 
Deficiency of assets (loss) 



$40 00 

2,682 87 

17,412 54 

27,439 39 

540,475 23 

1,914 12 

610,100 00 

325 00 

$1,200,389 15 

1315,815 68 

16,601,256 07 



Totals $18,117,460 90 



Liabilities. 
Capital invested by City of Boston to date 
Appropriations account (credit balances) 



$18,090,021 51 
27,439 39 



Total liabilities $18,117,460 90 



Details of Capital Invested by the City of Boston. 
Total expenditures to date per ferry books .... $26,620,363 73 
Interest of debt for the year (per City Auditor's reports), 12,510 00 

Interest previous years, etc. (net debits, per City Auditor's 
reports) 366,398 85 

. $26,999,272 58 
. 8,909,251 07 



Total expenditures 

Deduct total receipts paid to City Collector 

Excess expenditures, capital .... 



. $18,090,021 51 



Comparison of Receipts, Appropriations and Expenditures. 

Receipts. 



From foot passengers (tollmen) 
From foot passengers (office sales) 
From team tickets (office sales) 
From strip team tickets (tollmen) 
From cash for teams (gatemen) 
From gatemen's refunds . 

Total from rates 

From rents 

From other sources . . . . 

Ordinary receipts 



$10,087 02 

30 00 

1,863 20 

4,691 00 

ni,873 52 

92 88 

$28,637 62 
114 00 
523 98 

$28,275 60 



Expenditures (Ordinary). 
Office: 

Division engineers' salary (part) 

Clerk — assistant cashier 

Clerk (part time) 



Carried forward 



$1,500 00 
1,700 00 
1,700 00 

$4,900 00 



1 Included in deficiency of assets in balance sheet. 

2 Includes cash fares from extra passengers on teams (gatemen). 



Public Wokks Department. 



39 



Brought fonvard $4,900 00 

Retired veterans' pensions 4,955 75 

Retired employees' pensions 720 00 

Stationery 86 25 

Printing 573 40 

Telephones 308 80 

Advertising 34 00 

Carfares 264 95 

Postage 3 00 

Premiums, surety companies 167 38 

Total office expenses $12,013 53 

Ferryboats and Landings: 

Employees (wages) $219,033 03 

Fuel 34,581 20 

Teaming, weighing coal, etc 2,817 00 

SuppHes 6,740 97 

Gas 42 70 

Oil 917 16 

Electric light 2,355 20 

Electric power 936 19 

Repairs to boats 29,499 22 

Repairs of buildings, drops and piers .... 1,400 77 

Furnishings 42 30 

Other expenditures 5,438 26 

Total $315,817 53 



Receipts, Appkopriations and Expenditures. 

Expenditures from Special Appropriations. 

Balance in treasury unexpended $27,439 39 



Appropriations. 
Regular annual appropriations 



$324,161 68 



Total Expenditures upon Ferries Since 1858. 

Expenditures for avenues, paving, interest, etc., previous 

to the purchase of the ferries by the city . . . $444,101 50 

Purchase of the ferries, April 1870 276,375 00 

Expenditures for ferryboats since April 1, 1870 . . . 2,530,009 51 

Expenditures for new buildings, piers, drops, etc. . . 1,491,468 59 

Expenditures for tools and fixtures (prior to 1910) . . 14,752 46 

Expenditures for land for Lincoln's Wharf in 1887 . . 5,562 52 

Expenditures for land for Battery Wharf in 1893 . . 10,000 00 



Total expenditures on capital account 
Expenditures for repairs of all kinds 
Expenditures for fuel .... 
Expenditures for salaries and wages 
Expenditures for all other purposes 



$4,772,269 68 
3,011,733 85 
3,157,300 93 

12,635,327 57 
3,422,640 55 

$26,999,272 58 



40 



City Document No. 24. 



Total Receipts from Ferries Since 1858=59. 

Receipts from rents, etc., previous to purchase of ferr 
Receipts from ferry tolls since purchase of ferries 
Receipts from rents since purchase of ferries 
Receipts from sale of ferryboats .... 
Receipts from all other sources, per ferry books 
Receipts from all other sources, per City Auditor 



Total receipts from all sources 
Less amount with tollmen as capital 

Total receipts, Auditor's report 



S29,588 56 

8,569,648 25 

73,504 40 

168,004 57 
37,810 44 
30,734 85 

$8,909,291 07 
40 00 

$8,909,251 07 



Regular Annual (Ordinary) and Special Appropriations (Extraor= 
dinary) of the Ferry Service for the Year Ending December 
31, 1937. 

Appropriations (regular) for the year ending December 

31, 1937 $324,161 68 

Amount of expenditures (regular) for the year . . . 315,817 53 

$8,344 15 
Transferred to Bridge Service 3,000 00 

Transferred to City Treasurer $5,344 15 



Special Appropriations. 

East Boston Ferry, two additional boats and other per- 
manent improvements : 
Unexpended balance January 1, 1937 .... 

Unexpended balance December 31, 1937 

Ferry Improvements: 

Unexpended balance January 1, 1937 .... 

Unexpended balance December 31, 1937 



$19,064 81 


$19,064 81 


$8,374 58 


$8,374 58 



Receipts of South Ferry 



From Tollmen. 


From Foot 
Passengers. 


From 
Tickets. 


Totals. 


Boston side 


$5,123 30 
4,934 32 


$3,554 00 
1,166 40 


$8,677 30 


East Boston side 


6,100 72 






Totals 


$10,057 62 


$4,720 40 


$14,778 02 







Public Works Department. 



From tollmen .... 
From gatemen: 
Cash for teams 

Total at South Ferry- 
Tickets paid for at ferry ofl&ce 

Total in 1937 from rates 
Rents for the year . 
Headhouse privileges 
Care of public telephones 
Commission on public telephones 
Old material sold 

Total 



41 
$14,778 02 
1 11,966 40 



2 $26,744 42 


1,893 20 


$28,637 62 


114 00 


420 00 


44 00 


41 98 


18 00 


$29,275 60 



Travel on the South Ferry From January 1, 1937, 
TO December 31, 1937, Inclusive. 

Foot passengers at 1 cent each .... $1,005,762 00 



South Ferry. 

Handcart, or wheelbarrow and man 
Horse and rider .... 

Horse and cattle, each with attendant 
One or two horse vehicle with driver 
Motorcycle with driver . 

Trailer 

Three or four horse vehicle with driver 
Passenger automobile with driver and more 

passenger 

Motor truck, six tons or less with driver 
Motor truck, over six tons with driver 
Auto bus with driver .... 
Auto bus with driver and passengers 
Free vehicles 



than one 



5 cents] 
5 cents I 
5 cents f 
5 cents I 
5 cents] 
10 cents \ 
10 cents/ 

15 cents\ 
15 cents f 
20 cents\ 
20 cents/ 
30 cents 



36,216 

78,302 

53,325 

6,394 

000 
1,030 



1 Includes gatemen's refund. 

2 Includes 1 cent cash fares from foot passengers for year. 



42 City Document No. 24. 



SUMNER TRAFFIC TUNNEL. 



1. Receipts. 



Financial Statement for the Year Ending December 31, 

1937. 

Cash in hands of cashier at the beginning of year . $4, 181 48 
Received from tolls .... $808,933 12 
Received through City Collector * . 69 00 

Commission on telephone tolls . 17 76 



Total receipts 809,019 88 



$813,201 36 



Cash paid over to City Collector .... $808,951 81 
Cash in hands of cashier December 31, 1937 . 4,249 55 



$813,201 36 



2. Appropriations and Expenditures. 

Received from annual appropriations for Sumner 

Traffic Tunnel $256,773 26 

Transferred to City Treasurer 27,387 40 



Total expenditures for year .... $229,385 86 

3. Result of Operation for the Year. 

Ordinary expenses (maintenance 

appropriation) .... $229,385 86 

Interest paid on turmel debt . . 830,078 33 

Sinking Fund 202,967 00 



Net outgo for the year $1,262,43119 

Receipts for the year (net income) . . . 808,951 81 



Net deficit for the year $453,479 38 



♦ Does not include §21 for tickets sold to other departments not paid for in 1937. 



Public Works Department. 43 

Statement of Weekly Traffic and Tow Jobs Collected. 



Date. 


Vehicles. 


Tow Jobs 
Collected. 


1937. 






Jan. 1 to Jan. 3 


28,867 


3 


4 to Jan. 10 . 










68,806 


4 


11 to Jan. 17 . 










71,867 


10 


18 to Jan. 24 . 










69,702 


9 


25 to Jan. 31 . 










71,637 


3 


Feb. 1 to Feb. 7 . 










71,575 


9 


8 to Feb. 14 . 










71,042 


2 


15 to Feb. 21 . 










75,009 


6 


22 to Feb. 28 . 










76,463 


6 


Mar. 1 to Mar. 7 . 










77,009 


2 


8 to Mar. 14 . 










75,637 


8 


15 to Mar. 21 . 










76,777 


5 


22 to Mar. 28 . 










83,766 


4 


29 to April 4 . 










85,364 


3 


April 5 to April 1 1 . 










84,910 


7 


12 to April 18 . 










89,127 


4 


19 to April 25 . 










93,268 


4 


26 to May 2 . 










96,498 


3 


May 3 to May 9 . 










102,971 


4 


10 to May 16 . 










99,720 


7 


17 to May 23 . 










103,986 


3 


24 to May 30 . 










130,242 


6 


31 to June 6 . 










139,153 


12 


June 7 to June 13 . 










138,955 





14 to June 20 . 










148,826 


11 


21 to June 27 . 










124,685 


6 


28 to July 4 . 










129,866 


7 


July 5 to July 11 . 










131,951 


13 


12 to July 18 . 










143,870 


9 


19 to July 25 . 










149,217 


8 


26 to Aug. 1 . 










147,626 


10 


Aug. 2 to Aug. 8 . 










148,297 


5 


9 to Aug. 15 . 










150,072 


5 


16 to Aug. 22 . 










123,649 


8 


23 to Aug. 29 . 










119,390 


6 


30 to Sept. 5 . 










114,308 


7 


Sept. 6 to Sept. 12 . 










110,744 


7 


13 to Sept. 19 . 










103,776 


2 


20 to Sept. 26 . 










105,302 


5 


27 to Oct. 3 . 










102,920 


5 


Oct. 4 to Oct. 10 . 










106,608 


5 


11 to Oct. 17 . 










108,868 


8 


18 to Oct. 24 . 










99,931 


9 


25 to Oct. 31 . 










96,805 


8 


Nov. 1 to Nov. 7 . 










96,954 


7 


8 to Nov. 14 . 










92,930 


5 


15 to Nov. 21 . 










93,731 


4 


22 to Nov. 28 . 










95,023 


7 


29 to Dec. 5 . 










90,909 


3 


Dec. 6 to Dec. 12 . 










86,933 


9 


13 to Dec. 19 . 










85,604 


6 


20 to Dec. 26 . 










98,853 


6 


27 to Dec. 31 . 










62,934 


5 


Totals for year 


5,350,933 


320 



44 City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX B. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
HIGHWAY DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1938. 

To the Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — I submit the following report of the 
operations and expenditures of the Paving and Street 
Lighting Services of the Highway Division for the 
year ending December 31, 1937: 

The maintenance expenditures of the division for the 
year were as follows: 

Lighting Service $983,145 67 

Paving Service 1,368,817 73 

Paving Service. 

The regular force of the Paving Service were employed 
as usual in the maintenance of all public streets, resurfac- 
ing and patching macadam, patching all permanent 
pavements, such as asphalt, granite block, etc., and 
taking care of all gravel, brick and artificial stone 
sidewalks. In nearly all the suburban districts the 
cleaning of streets and gutters was done by the Paving 
Service. 

From the "Highways, Making of," loan, there was 
expended the sum of $17,376.90. Most of this work 
was done in connection with streets in and around the 
new Federal Housing Project in South Boston. 

For snow removal during the year the sum of $2,950.90 
was expended on account of an open winter with very 
little snow. There was no occasion to call out the snow 
plows. 

Work was continued this year by the Federal Works 
Progress forces and carried the work of street resurfac- 
ing, construction of retaining walls, grading of lots and 
the erection of buildings on city property. 



Public Works Department. 45 

Ninety old streets were resurfaced and ten new streets 
were constructed during the year, making an area of 
340,000 square yards. 

The most important work done was the removal of 
the reservation in Bennington street, East Boston, and 
replacing same with a permanent pavement, the resurfac- 
ing of State street and the removal of the old wood 
block pavement in Warren avenue and replacing same 
with bituminous concrete. 

An average number of 3,011 men were employed on 
our W. P. A. Projects and the City of Boston contributed 
the sum of $249,991.41 as its share of this expense. 
This amount does not include the cost of city-owned 
equipment or personal services of the regular city forces. 

There were installed thirty-one arc and 1,500 candle 
power Mazda lamps in the various sections of the City 
of Boston. Also one hundred and seventy-nine arc 
lamps were changed to 1,500 candle power Mazda lamps. 

Eleven Mazda lamps of 1,500 candle power were 
installed on the new Chelsea Street Bridge, East Boston. 

There were installed thirty-seven Mazda lamps of 
600 candle power throughout the various sections of 
the city. There were three Mazda lamps of 250 candle 
power installed throughout the City of Boston. 

Thirty-two Mazda lamps of 80 candle power were 
installed throughout the various sections. Also there 
were installed five Mazda fire alarm lamps throughout 
the city. 

Petitions and requests for new lamps from citizens 
and officials, also complaints in relation to the Lighting 
Service have been investigated and attended to. All 
streets in the underground district prescribed for the 
year have been inspected and the necessary changes and 
additions have been made. 

Respectfully, 

William T. Morrissey, 

Division Engineer. 



46 



City Document No. 24. 



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52 



City Document No. 24. 



Street Openings. 

Under Classes 1 and 2 of the schedule of permit fees 
permits were issued for openings in public ways as 
follows : 



Sewer and Water Service 

Edison Company .... 

Miscellaneous .... 

Boston Consolidated Gas Company 

Emergency permits 

New England Telephone and Telegraph Company 

Boston Elevated Railway Company .... 

Dedham and Hyde Park Gas and Electric Company 

Total 



Number of Permits. 

2,489 
1,063 
1,159 

609 
1,287 

293 

132 
27 



Permits for other than street openings have 
been issued as follows: 



Painting and minor repairs 
Placing signs flat on buildings . 

Special permits 

Erecting and repairing buildings 

Repairing awnings 

Emergency permits for raising and lowering 
Moving buildings in streets 
Cleaning snow from roofs .... 
Driving cattle through streets . 



2,743 

592 

637 

443 

139 

60 

2 

3 

1 



Total 



7,059 



4,620 



Grand total 11,679 



The fees received from these permits amounts to 
$12,587.65; of this amount $10,052.65 was deposited 
with the City Collector and $2,535 was billed to public 
service corporations. 

Bonds. 

There are now on file 2,073 surety bonds, in the 
amount of one, three, four and twenty thousand dollars, 
covering the city against claims for damages, etc., 
through the use of permits. 



Table Showing Length and Area of Paving on Accepted Streets, Corrected to January 1, 1938. 





Length in Miles. 


.iHEA IN SqDABB YaBDS. 




Sheet 
Asphalt. 


Asphalt 
Concrete. 


Granite 
Block. 


Wood 
Block. 


Plank 
Br°dges 


Brick 


Con- 


Macadam 


Oravol. 


Not 
Graded. 


Totals. 


Sheet 
Asphalt. 


Asphalt 
Concrete. 


Granite 
Block. 


Wood 
Block. 


Plank 
Bridges 


Brick. 


Concrete. 


Macadam. 


Gravel. 


Not 
Graded 


Totals. 




HO. 89 
20,22 


140.83 
20.21 


88 02 
12.63 


2.31 
0.33 


0.79 
O.ll 


0.97 
0.14 


9.79 
1.40 


285.46 
40.96 


24.94 
3.58 


2.94 
0.42 


696.94 
100 00 


2,712.233 
20.40 


2.844.745 
21 40 


2.334,602 
17.56 


50.852 
0.38 


17.501 
0,13 


22,431 
17 


185.064 
1.39 


4,6ii8,490 
36.11 


385,502 
2 90 


74.926 
56 


13.290,236 
100.00 






January 1, 1938. 


33.21 
69 
3 86 
8.73 
25.80 
25,12 
32.56 
11,39 
0,65 


23,40 
2.26 
3.99 
5.40 
13.85 
31.52 
33.18 
22 87 
5.27 


31.50 
10.29 
6.02 
14.22 
14.62 
3,44 
7 12 
65 
0,05 


0.82 
0.08 
0.01 
0.56 
0.10 
0.01 
0.11 

0.09 


0.16 
0.07 
0.06 
0.19 
0.04 
0.07 
0.07 
0.08 
0.05 


0.40 

0.04 
0.12 
0.14 

0.27 


ion 

80 
0.44 
0.12 
0.63 
2.32 
1.86 
2.27 
0.29 


6.43 
9.22 
21.16 
16.95 
38.50 
70 05 
83.78 
22.39 
21.64 


0.19 
01 
0,86 
0.38 
1.19 
2 91 
4.63 
2.25, 
10.78 


0.04 
1.29 

0.32 
0.07 

0.24 


97.11 
23.42 
36.48 
47.02 
94.87 
135.76 
163.05 
61.90 
39.00 


601.942 
10.218 
86,231 
165.146 
463.013 
458.385 
609.800 
200.150 
16.411 


638.926 
36.280 
90.161 
1 19,272 
273.301 
619.805 
620.551 
456,791 
108.158 


765.736 
246.052 
143.197 
353,780 
373.722 
166,636 
211.838 
75.446 
9.349 


14.593 
2.011 
325 
10.006 
3.778 
210 
2.855 
1,007 
1,488 


4.058 
1.999 

854 
4.797 
1.022 
1.380 
1.346 
1.231 

747 


9.770 

771 
3.004 
3.387 

5.493 


9,257 
18,910 
26.090 

3.642 
18.404 
33.102 
31.097 
45.316 

7.056 


100,020 
133,669 
438,565 
286.469 
669.876 
1.100.694 
1.346,589 
372,991 
372,387 


2,006 


41 
865 
34.550 
61 
10.351 
2.312 
2.870 
7.965 


2,10i,973 






16.818 
6.876 
15.460 
46.819 
71.062 
31.954 
166,537 


803.877 
987,642 
1.722.024 










2.901,943 














* 142.01 
20 31 


t 141.80 
20.28 


t87,91 
12.57 


1.78 
0.25 


0.79 
0.11 


0.97 
0.14 


§9.73 
1.39 


1 289 12 
41.35 


23.20 
3.32 


1.96 
28 


699.27 
100 00 


» 2.730,296 
20.47 


1 2.863.244 
21.47 


} 2.335.756 
17.52 


36.273 
0.27 


17.434 
13 


22.431 
0.17 


1 192.874 
1.46 


1 4.720.850 
35.40 


357.592 
2.68 


59.015 
44 













Total Pdbl 
Note. — In the above table the city is subdivided substantially on the boundary lines between Ihe districts s 

* Of this amount 0.10 mile or 834 square yards is Bilurock; and 0.08 mile or 1,323 
square yards is Kyrouk; and 0,02 mile or 470 square yards 



699.27 Miles. 

: they existed when annexed to Boston, Territory annexed from Brooklineis included in city proper. 
4,153 square yards is Warcolite; and 0.18 mile or 3.474 s^quare yards is^ Carey Elas- 



tite asphalt plank; and 0.12 mile or 2,797 square yards is Flintkote asphalt plank; and 
0.1 1 mile or 1,435 square yards is Johns-Manville asphalt plank. 

t Of this amount 0.02 mile or 175 square yards is cobble; and 57.62 miles or 1.707,782 
square yards is granite block paving on concrete base, 
yards is Laykold; and 0.00 mile or '4.107 'square yards is macasphalt; and 0.24 mile or 6,644 § ^f this amount 0.06 mile or 924 square yards is Blome granitoid concrete block, 

square yards is Simaaco; and 11.65 mile or 211,661 square yards is Topeka; and 0.00 mile !| Of this amount 196.39 miles or 3.308.754 square yards is bituminous macadam. 

6.85 miles or 36,363 square yards public alleys included in this table; 7.55 miles or 334,386 square yards public .streets in charge of Park Department included in this table; 3,95 miles or 123,247 square yards public 
streets in charge of Commonwealth of iVIassachusetts included in this table. In addition to tlii.s table tiiere are 1.75 miles or 8.729 square yards of accepted footwa.vs. 



Public Works Department. 53 



APPENDIX C. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF 
THE SANITARY DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1938. 

To the Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — I submit herewith a statement of the 
activities and expenditures of the Sanitary Division for 
the year ending December 31, 1937: 

Maintenance expenditures $2,275,225 61 

Distributed as follows: 

I. Waste collection and disposal .... 1,552,906 22 

(a) By contract. (Table II) . $476,745 99 

(b) By day labor. (Table III) 1,076,160 23 

II. Street cleaning. (Table V) 654,800 07 

III. Not directly chargeable to 1937 operation . 67,519 32 

(a) For other services . . $16,049 03 

(b) Pensions and annuities . 5,078 25 

(c) Injured roll .... 3,184 59 

(d) W. P. A 25,742 00 

(e) Unused stock . . . 17,465 45 
Personnel changes in permanent force: 

Total personnel January 1, 1937 801 

Transfers from other departments and divisions .... 49 

New appointments 12 

Reinstatements 2 

864 

Deaths 23 

Resignations 1 

Retirements 21 

Transferred out 20 

— 65 

Personnel January 1, 1938 799 

The 1937 expenditures show an increase over 1936 of 
$54,464. There was a saving of $93,612 in the day 
labor districts due to the continuation of the no-hiring 
poUcy. A new street-cleaning district was started in 
June, 1937, comprising the northerly section of Dor- 
chester which was formerly covered by the Paving 
Division forces. Men and trucks were, therefore, 
added to the Sanitary Division forces. Were it not for 
this additional expense, the amount saved would have 
been greater. 



54 City Document No. 24. 

However, the decrement was more than offset by an 
increase of $120,753 in the contract districts. This 
increase was due to higher prices bid, and to the placing 
of the Elm Hill District under contract, accounting 
for an increase of $29,400. Also, an increase of about 
$50,000 was caused by the addition of the Jamaica Plain 
section to the West Roxbury (contract) District. 



Work for other services increased 
W. P. A. increased 
Unused stock increased . 
Pensions and annuities decreased 
Injured rolls decreased 



$3,472 00 

$24,733 00 

$1,670 00 

$2,545 00 

$5 00 



A W. P. A. Project w^as started in April, 1937, for the 
repairing of the various waterfront refuse stations. At 
the Fort Hill station the old concrete walls were removed 
and replaced with transite, the old wooden ramp was 
replaced with one of steel and wood, and the steel work 
was painted. At the Victory road station the old ramp 
was replaced with a shorter one with new concrete piers, 
and wooden posts instead of piles. At Albany street a 
start was made on repairing the platform, but this 
work was discontinued as the project ran out in 
December. 

A contract was let to A. Orlando, Inc., for the repair- 
ing of the piling at Victory road, and the replacement of 
rotted piling on the westerly side of the building. This 
work was started in December, and a considerable 
amount of it remained to be done at the end of the year. 
The contract price was $11,455. 

Man Power. 

The number of city laborers employed in the Sanitary 
Division during the year 1937 fell from 483 to 469. 

Assistance of Welfare men continued to be of increas- 
ing importance, and the year 1937 showed unprecedented 
fluctuation in the number of men supplied. At the 
beginning of the year we had 600 men per day, which 
gradually increased, so that by the middle of March we 
were getting 750 Welfare men. This number gradually 
fell to a low of 470 by the middle of June, after which 
the number increased abruptly to 850 at the end of 
July, and from then to the end of the year at varying 
rates of increase until the top figure of 1,100 men per day 
was reached in December. 



Public Works Department. 55 

Such wide fluctuations obviously resulted in consider- 
able irregularity in the amount of work performed, caus- 
ing a bewildering effect upon the public because of inter- 
mittent efficiency in the removal of waste material and 
the cleaning of the streets. 

Since the Sanitary Division depends upon men 
supplied by the Welfare Department for two-thirds of its 
man power, it is obvious that any improvement in the 
condition of the Welfare Department results in a shortage 
of man power in the Sanitary Division, to the detriment 
of the service rendered the public. Thus, the savings 
in the Welfare Department are offset by the necessity 
for additional expenditures in the Sanitary Division for 
man power in order to keep the number of employees at a 
level sufficient to render satisfactory service. 

Complaints. 
There were 2,220 service complaints during the year 
1937 as compared with 3,372 in 1936. 
Dead animals removed numbered 655. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Adolph J. Post, 
Division Engineer. 



56 



City Document No. 24. 



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59 



TABLE IV. 
Comparative Costs Per Cubic Yard, 1936-1937. 





Collection. 


Total Cost. 


Cubic Yards. 
1936. 




Day Labor Districts. 


1936. 


1937. 


1936. 

$0.4908 
Disposal. 


1937. 

$0.52406 
Disposal. 


Cubic Yards. 
1937. 


1. South Boston 

3. Charlestown 


$0 8785 

9898 

1 036 

1 0483 
1 004 


$0 8667 

9306 

1 1029 

9563 
9802 


$1 3679 
1 4806 
1 5269 

1 5435 
1 4948 


$1 3872 
1 4511 
1 6234 

1 4779 
1 5007 


94,865 

44,045 

270,226 

220,324 
136,101 


100,976 
43,202 
198,443 


8 and 9. South End and Back 
Bay 


230,740 


10. North and West Ends 


140,077 




$1 0117 


$0 9875 


$1 5039 


$1 5084 


765,561 
$774,550 83 


713,438 




$704,582 72 















Contract Districts. 



Cost per Cubic Yard. 



1936. 



1937. 



Cubic Yards. 
1936. 



Cubic Yards. 
1937. 



2. East Boston 

4. Brighton 

5. West Roxbury 

6. Dorchester (including disposal). 
7a. Roxbury (Elm Hill Section) . . . . 

II. Hyde Park 



$0 4965 
5445 
5038 
7943 



7077 



$0 6627 
4753 
5835 

8409 

1 0963 
6293 



78,624 

85,901 

86,823 

245,045 



20.433 



77,460 
92,738 
124,006 
285,410 
30,197 
22,436 



Totals. . . 
Average. 



$0 754 



516,826 



632,247 



60 



City Document No. 24. 



TABLE V. 
Street Cleaning and Oiling Service, 1937. 

Distribution of Expenditures. 

Removing snow $15,798 68 

Brooming 308,015 73 

Pushcart patrolling 116,552 02 

Flushing streets 7,132 45 

Horse-drawn sweeping 74,353 42 

Motor sweeping 45,136 82 

Team patrol 3,871 34 

Refuse box collection 26,335 22 

Sanding 4,106 20 

Removal of old automobiles . . . . 2,142 47 

Underpass 2,790 69 

Cleaning lots 48 18 

PubUc alleys 541 93 

Clean-up week 17,963 87 

Total $624,789 02 

Oiling and watering of public streets and ways, 30,011 05 

Total $654,800 07 



Public Works Department. 61 



APPENDIX D. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
SEWER DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1938. 

To the Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — I submit herewith statement of the 
activities and expenditures of the Sewer Division for 
the year ending December 31, 1937. 

During the fiscal year 1937, there were built by 
contractors, day labor, private parties, and by the 
city under W. P. A. supervision 10.70 miles of common 
sewers and surface drains throughout the city. After 
deducting 0.34 mile of sewers and surface drains, 
rebuilt or abandoned, the net increase for 1937 is 10.36 
miles, which added to the existing 1,176.87 miles of 
common sewers and surface drains and 30.93 miles 
of intercepting sewers, makes a grand total of 1,218.16 
miles of all sewers belonging to the City of Boston, 
and under the care of the Sewer Division on January 1, 
1938. 

There were 213 catch-basins built or rebuilt and 31 
abandoned or removed during the year, making a net 
gain of 182 catch-basins and a grand total of 21,666 
catch-basins under the care of the Sewer Division on 
January 1, 1938. 

Entrance fees to the amount of $1,768.08 have been 
deposited wdth the City Collector for collection from 
estates upon which no sewer assessments were ever 
paid, in accordance with Ordinances of 1910, chapter 9, 
section 10. 

920 permits have been issued, viz.: 344 to district 
foremen and contractors and 576 to drain layers for 
repairing or la5dng new house drains. Inspectors from 
this office have personally inspected the work done 
under these drain layers' permits. 

Plans for the assessments of estates for sewer con- 
struction have been furnished the Board of Street Com- 
missioners, representing 17,852.06 linear feet of sewers. 



62 City Document No. 24. 

485 complaints have been investigated and report in 
writing has been made in each case. 

878 gasoHne traps have been examined in garages 
and cleansing establishments. 

1,400 grease traps have been examined in hotels, 
restaurants and commercial establishments. 

Reported in writing on 2,773 municipal liens to the 
City Collector in accordance with chapter 60, section 23, 
of the General Laws. Reported orally in the Sewer 
Assessment office on about 5,000 requests for informa- 
tion on municipal liens. 

229 notices have been mailed to abutters in conformity 
with the Ordinance which says: ''that all abutters 
shall be notified when the Commissioner of Public 
Works proposes to build a new sewer or repair an old 
sewer, to afford abutters facilities for entering the sewer." 

RespectfuLy, 

George W. Dakin, 

Division Engineer. 



Public Works Department. 



63 



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64 



City Document No. 24. 



MAINTENANCE EXPENDITURES JANUARY 1 
TO DECEMBER 31, 1937. 

Sewer Division. 
Improved Sewerage. 

Pumping Station, Calf Pasture, inside . . $98,876 13 

Pumping Station, Calf Pasture, outside . . 13,812 58 

Pumping Station, Calf Pasture, engines . . 45,329 87 

Pumping Station, Calf Pasture, boilers . . 16,994 73 
Pumping Station, Calf Pasture, Union Park 

street 9,146 99 

Pumping Station, Calf Pasture, Summer street, 2,354 04 

Moon Island 26,408 27 

Main and intercepting sewers .... 17,812 27 
Repair No. 4 pump. Calf Pas- ] Built by ] 

ture Pumping Station, con- j- The Marine • 832 79 

tract dated June 21, 1937. J Company. 

$231,567 67 



Maintenance — Regular. 

Automobiles $54,976 40 

Cleaning catch-basins 74,868 68 

Cleaning sewers 43,985 26 

Employed at yards 34,705 91 

Fuel and oil 759 19 

Hardware and tools 5,276 32 

House connections 14,633 17 

Horses, carts, harness, etc 1,592 00 

Maintenance, Stony Brook . . . . 212 25 

Office expense 2,367 01 

Office salaries 48,466 56 

Stock 5,784 04 

Yard and locker 1,186 43 







288,813 22 


Maintenance — Repairs. 




Repairing department buildings 


$2,858 41 




Repairing catch-basins. South Boston 


4,849 73 




Repairing catch-basins, East Boston . 


405 87 




Repairing catch-basins, Charlestown 


413 21 




Repairing catch-basins, Brighton 


1,272 01 




Repairing catch-basins. West Roxbury 


2,305 45 




Repairing catch-basins, Dorchester . 


6,315 10 




Repairing catch-basins, Hyde Park . 


73 55 




Repairing catch-basins, Roxbury ... 


5,135 34 




Repairing catch-basins. City Proper . 


7,499 87 




Repairing sewers. South Boston 


426 58 




Repairing sewers. East Boston . . 


1,150 74 




Repairing sewers, Charlestown . 


367 96 




Repairing sewers, Brighton 


516 35 




Repairing sewers. West Roxbury 


1,733 17 




Repairing sewers, Dorchester 


2,261 16 




Repairing sewers, Hyde Park 


596 62 




Repairing sewers, Roxbury 


817 56 




Repairing sewers, City Proper . 


1,040 00 


40,038 68 


Carried forward 




$560,419 57 



Public Works Department. 65 

Brought forward $560,419 57 

Maintenance — Miscellaneous. 

Miscellaneous $36,345 79 

Back Bay Fens 158 90 

Telephone 783 44 

Rubber goods 393 72 

Pensions and annuities 3,165 50 

40,847 35 



$601,266 92 
Less cost of stock and autos used on jobs . 70,341 98 



Debit transfers from Sewerage Works stock . $791 78 

Debit transfers from Election Department . 1,000 00 



$530,924 94 

1,791 78 
$532,716 72 



66 



City Document No. 24. 



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Public Works Department. 



81 



Summary of Sewer Construction for the Twelve Months Ending December 31, 1937. 



Districts. 



Built by City 

by Contract 

or Day Labor. 



Built by City 

Under W. P. A. 

Supervision. 



Bu=lt by 
Private 
Partie.?. 



Total Length Built. 



City Proper . . . 

Roxbury 

South Boston. . 
East Boston. . . 
Charlestown . . . 

Brighton 

West Roxbury. 
Dorchester .... 
Hyde Park 



Totals . 



Linear Feet. 
181.55 



582 . 80 
252.80 



808.07 
4,399.79 
2,436.75 
2,055.26 



10,717.02 



Linear Feet. 



2,286.13 
9,316.95 



606.00 
4,497.87 
15,166.84 
6,515.50 
5,597.22 



43,986.51 



Linear Feet. 
955.67 
424.00 



407. 12 



1,786.79 



Linear Feel. 

1,137.22 

2,710.13 

9,899.75 

252.80 

606.00 

5,305.94 

19,973.75 

8,952.25 

7,652.48 



56.490.32 



Miles. 
0.215 
0.513 
1.875 
0.048 
0.115 
1.005 
3.789 
1.693 
1.449 



10.699 



Length in Feet and Character of Sewerage Works Built 
in Connection with Old Harbor Village. 

Monsignor Dennis F. O'Callaghan Way, formerly Wakefield street, 
between Old Colony avenue and General Lawrence J. Logan Way, formerly 
Mohawk street. 

543.64 linear feet, 18" x variable height, U-shaped sewer (concrete). 

232.74 linear feet, 18" x 18", concrete U-shaped sewer. 

278.18 Unear feet, 18" x 15", concrete L^-shaped sewer. 

129.54 linear feet, 18" x 12", concrete U-shaped sewer. 

Total length of sewer built = 1,184.10 linear feet. 

8 manholes built on sewer. 

164.08 hnear feet, 24" x 24", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 

233.57 linear feet, 20" x 24", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 

199.41 linear feet, 18" x 26", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 

386.31 linear feet, 18" x 18", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 

126.30 linear feet, 18" x 15", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 

131.16 hnear feet, 18" x 12", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 
Total length of surface drain built = 1,240.83 linear feet. 

13 manholes built on surface drain. 

12 catch-basins. 

2 drop inlets. 

183 linear feet, 10", pipe catch-basin drain. 

22 linear feet, 15", pipe catch-basin drain. 

112 caissons. 

Government land, off Monsignor Dennis F. O'Callaghan Way, formerly 
Wakefield street, between Monsignor Dennis F. O'Callaghan Way and 
New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad. 

215.92 linear feet, 18" x 18", U-shaped concrete sewer. 
554.83 linear feet, 18" x 12", U-shaped concrete sewer. 

Total length of sewer built = 770.75 linear feet. 
6 manholes on sewer. 

416.93 linear feet, 18" x 18", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 
753.16 linear feet, 18" x 15", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 
188.97 linear feet, 18" x 12", L^shaped concrete surface drain. 

Total length of surface drain built = 1,359.06 linear feet. 
12 manholes built on surface drain. 



82 City Document No. 24. 

142 caissons. 

Doctor Michael Gavin Way, formerly Needham street, between Old 
Colony avenue and Monsignor Dennis F. O'Callaghan Way, formerly 
Wakefield street. 

183.20 linear feet, 18" x variable height, U-shaped concrete sewer. 

268 hnear feet, 18" x 12", U-shaped concrete sewer. 

Total length of sewer built = 451.20 linear feet. 

2 manholes built on sewer. 

641.34 linear feet, 36" x 36", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 

3 manholes built on surface drain. 
5 catch-basins. 

93 linear feet, 10", pipe catch-basin drain. 

56 caissons. 

General Lawrence J. Logan Way, formerly Mohawk street, between 
Old Colony avenue and General William H. Devine Way, formerly Hyde 
street. 

110.57 linear feet, 18" x 18", U-shaped concrete sewer. 

326.93 linear feet, 18" x 15", U-shaped concrete sewer. 

Total length of sewer built = 437.50 linear feet. 

4 manholes built on sewer. 

277.85 linear feet, 24" x 24", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 
163.95 linear feet, 22" x 22", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 
53.38 linear feet, 18" x 18", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 
112.16 linear feet, 18" x 15", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 
Total length of surface drain built = 607.34 linear feet. 
7 manholes built on surface drain. 

5 catch-basins. 

1 drop inlet. 

72 linear feet, 10", pipe catch-basin drain. 

49 caissons. 

Government land, between General Lawrence J. Logan Way, formerly 
Mohawk street, and Monsignor Dennis F. O'Callaghan Way, formerly 
W^akefield street. 

9.25 linear feet, 18" x 42", LT-shaped concrete sewer. 

435.34 linear feet, 18" x 18", U-shaped concrete sewer. 

Total length of sewer built = 444.59 linear feet. 

5 manholes built on sewer. 

28 caissons. 

287.33 linear feet, 33" x 33", U-shaped concrete surface drain. 

2 manholes built on surface drain. 
28 caissons. 

Government land, between General Lawrence J. Logan Way, formerly 
Mohawk street, and Old Colony avenue. 
312.51 linear feet, 18" x 12", U-shaped concrete sewer. 

2 manholes. 
26 caissons. 

Major Michael J. O'Connor Way, formerly Ralston street, formerly 
Albert street, between Kemp street and Dorchester avenue. 
454.40 linear feet U-shaped concrete sewer. 

3 manholes. 

4 catch-basins. 

51 linear feet, 10", pipe catch-basin drain. 
270 linear feet, 12", pipe sewer and 1 manhole removed. 
39 caissons. 

General William H. Devine Way, formerly Hyde street, between Old 
Colony avenue and Dorchester avenue. 

1,064 linear feet, 22' x 26", U-shaped concrete sewer. 
62 linear feet, 12", pipe sewer. 

Total length of sewer built = 1,126 linear feet. 

10 manholes. 

11 catch-basins. 

80 linear feet, 10", pipe catch-basin drain. 
25 linear feet, 12", pipe sewer, abandoned. 
65 linear feet, 10", pipe sewer, abandoned. 



Public Works Department. 



83 



1 surface drain manhole abandoned. 
94 caissons. 

Kemp street, between Dorchester avenue and Monsignor Dennis F. 
O'Callaghan Way, formerly Wakefield street. 

2 catch-basins and 72 linear feet, 10", pipe catch-basin drain. 

Summary. 
5,119.05 linear feet U-shaped concrete sewer. 

62.00 linear feet 12-inch pipe sewer. 
4,135.90 linear feet U-shaped concrete surface drain. 



9,316.95 linear feet sewers and surface drains. 
573 linear feet pipe catch-basin drains. 
39 catch-basins. 
3 drop inlets. 
574 concrete caissons. 

Net Increase in Length of Sewers Built Between January 1, 1937, 
and December 31, 1937. 



Districts 



Length of 

Sewers Built 

During 

Twelve 

Months 

Ended 

December 31, 

1937. 



Length of 
Sewers Re- 
built or 
Abandoned 
During 
Twelve 
Months 
Ended 
December 31, 
1937. 



Net Increase for 

Twelve Months Ended 

December 31, 1937. 



City Proper . . , 

Roxbury 

South Boston . 
East Boston . . 
Chariest own . . 

Brighton 

West Roxburj' 
Dorchester. . . 
Hyde Park . . . 



Linear Feet. 

1,137.22 

2,710.13 

9,899.75 

252.80 

606.00 

5,305.94 

19,973.75 

8,952.25 

7,652.48 



Linear Feet. 



204.35 
1,219.91 



366.00 



Linear Feet. 

1,137.22 

2,505.78 

8,679.84 

252.80 

606.00 

5,305.94 

19,973.75 

8,586.25 

7,652.48 



Miles. 
0.215 
0.475 
1.644 
0.048 
0.115 
1.005 
3.783 
1.626 
1.449 



Totals . 



56,490,32 



1,790.26 



54,700.06 



10.360 



Total Length of Sewers. 

Total common sewers and surface drains built previous to January 1, 1937, 

Net increase of common sewers and surface drains between January 1, 1937, 
and December 31, 1937 



Miles. 
1,176.87 

10.36 



Total common sewers and surface drains to December 31, 1937. 



Total city intercepting sewers cormecting with Metropolitan sewers to 
December 31, 1937 * 



Total Boston main drainage intercepting sewers to December 31, 1937, * 



1,187.23 

6.81 
24.12 



Grand total of common and intercepting sewers to December 31, 1937. . . 
Total mileage of streets containing sewerage works to December 31,1937, 



1,218.16 
673.71 



* No additional lengths built during year 1937. 



84 



City Document No. 24. 



Summary of Sewer Construction for Five Years Previous to 
December 31, 1937. 





1933. 


1934. 


1935. 


1936. 


1937. 


Built by city by con- 
tract or day labor. . . . 

Built by city under 
United States Govern- 


Linear 
Feet. 

93,434 36 


Linear 
Feet. 

16,637 61 

29,167 46 
610 00 


Lin ear 
Feet. 

8,. 530 08 

24,981 43 
160 00 


Linear 
Feel. 

7,166 08 

17,726 55 
1,145 00 


Linear 
Feet. 

10,717 02 
43,986 51 


Built by private parties, 


972 00 


1,786 79 


Totals 


94,406 36 


46,415 07 


33,671 51 


26,037 63 


56,490 32 



Catch=Basins in Charge of the Sewer Division. 



Districts. 



Catch-basins fob Twelve Months 
Ended December 31, 1937. 



Number 
Built or 
Rebuilt. 



Number 
Abandoned 
or Removed. 



Net 
Increase. 



Total for Whole City 

IN Charge of Sewer 

Division. 



Previous 

Report to 

January 1, 

1937. 



Grand Total 

to 

January 1, 

1938. 



City Proper. . . 

Roxbury 

South Boston. 
East Boston. . 
Charlestown. . 

Brighton 

West Roxbury 
Dorchester. . . . 
Hyde Park., . 

Totals 



10 
17 
52 
2 
7 
22 
44 
33 
26 



213 



31 





4 

46 



7 

22 

44 

33 

26 



182 



3,614 
3,377 
1,401 
1,057 

840 
1,898 
3,556 
5,065 

676 



21,484 



3,614 
3,381 
1,447 
1,057 

847 
1,920 
3,600 
5,098 

702 



21,666 



Public Works Department. 



85 



Table of Approximate Quantities, Lifts and Duties at Calf Pasture Pumping Station 
from January 1, 1937, to December 31, 1937, Inclusive. 



Month. 



Total 
Gallons 
Pumped. 



Average 
per Day, 
Gallons. 



Minimum 
per Day, 
Gallons. 



Maximum 
per Day, 

Gallons. 



Average 

Lift. 

(Feet.) 



January. . . 
February. . 
March. . . . 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 
October. . . 
November. 
December. 



3,349,254,521 
2,718,712,443 
2,796,301,118 
3,207,154,487 
3,208,462,114 
3,024,089,219 
2,999,826,568 
2,797,093,604 
2,698,790,236 
2,711,016,230 
2,963,592,175 
3,179,569,326 



108,040,469 
97,096,873 
90,203,261 
106,905,1.50 
103,498,778 
100,802,973 
96,768,599 
90,228,836 
89,959,674 
87,452,136 
98,786,406 
102,566,752 



89,938,197 
77,312,184 
75,810,808 
81,146,459 
76,256,443 
81,168,682 
73,131,128 
67,775,184 
74,081,505 
67,276,363 
75,822,542 
79,683,287 



153,870,885 
124,902,628 
168,881,308 
176,625,374 
133,611,208 
147,675,682 
119,833,754 
126,714,619 
147,823,552 
126,676,298 
167,686,126 
205,780,265 



39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 



Total. . . 
Average. 



35,653,862,041 
2,971,155,170 



97,681,814 



39.2 



Notes. — Gallons pumped by oil, 15,155,499,541; gallons of fuel oil used, 714,542; gallons pumped by 
electricity, 20,498,362,500; kilowatt hours used, 3,627,040. 
Quantities are based on plunger displacement and pump ratings, no allowance having been made 
for slip or condition of pump. 
Running Time of Putnps. — No. 1-A, run 4,017 hours, 35 minutes; 1-B, run 546 hours, 10 minutes; 2-A, 
run 122ihours, 5 minutes; 2-B, run 296 hours, 10 minutes; 3, run 4,619 hours, 55 minutes; 4, run 3,205 hours, 
.5 minutes; 5, run 8,532 hours, 57 minutes. 



Total gallons pumped in 1937 
Daily average gallons pumped 
Average dynamic head 
Foot gallons, total 
Foot pounds, total 



35,653,862,041 

97,681,814 

39.2 

1,397,631,392,007 

11,696,777,119,703 



Cost of Pumping for 


1937 


(Calf Pasture Pumping Station). 


Items. 


Cost. 


Cost per 
Million 

Foot 
Gallons. 




$97,348 14 

42,340 12 

25,732 95 

1,198 91 

255 27 

4,885 53 


$0 06965 




03029 


Fuel oil 


01841 




00086 




00019 




00349 










Totals 






$171,760 92 

10,824 60 

975 00 


$0 12289 




00774 




00070 












$183,560 52 


$0 13133 







86 



City Document No. 24. 



Refuse Removed from Filth Hoists. 



Month. 



Number 

of 
Cheeses. 



Weight. (Pounds.) 



January. . . 
February. . 
March . . . . 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August . . . . 
September. 
October . . . 
November . 
December . 

Totals 



84 

93 

188 

157 

175 

124 

85 

101 

94 

90 

105 

125 



20,244 
22,413 
45,308 
37,837 
42,175 
29,884 
20,485 
24,341 
22,654 
21,690 
25,305 
30,125 



1,421 



342,461 = 171.23 tons. 



Average 241 pounds to a cheese. 



Sludge in Deposit Sewers. 



North 
Sewer. 
(Cubic 
Yards.) 



South 
Sewer. 
(Cubic 
Yards.) 



Total. 
(Cubic 
Yards.) 



In deposit sewers January 1, 1937 

Deposited during 1937 

Removed during 1937 

In sewers January 1, 1938 



2,072 

3,161 

4,788 

445 



1,396 

1,585 

2,469 

512 



3,468 

4,746 

7,257 

957 



Public Works Department. 87 



APPENDIX E. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF 
THE WATER DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1938. 
To the Commissioner of Public Works. 

I respectfully submit the following report of the 
activities of the Water Division, operations and expendi- 
tures for the fiscal year ending December 31, 1937. 

The Engineering Branch of the division was engaged 
in the extension and improvement of the distribution 
system, most of the work being performed by the 
W. P. A. forces under the general supervision of the 
division's regular engineering and inspection forces. 
Funds were supplied by the Federal Emergency Relief 
Administration for the labor used by the so called 
W. P. A. forces, and a very small amount of the material 
used on the work, and the funds of the Water Division 
were used to supply cast-iron pipe, specials, gates, 
hydrants, lead, boxes, etc. 

A total of 52,014 linear feet of pipe were either laid 
or relaid, approximating about 10 miles, of which the 
W. P. A. forces performed 45,013 feet of pipe, approxi- 
mating 8.52 miles, varying in size from 6-inch to 48-inch, 
inclusive, the remaining work being done by the depart- 
ment forces or private contractors engaged by the 
Water Division. 

Twenty-one petitions were received for the extension 
of water mains throughout the city, and called for the 
laying of 3.82 miles of water pipe 8-inch and 12-inch in 
diameter. 

482 petitions for service pipes were received during 
the year. 

In districts the extension of water mains laid were: 

City Proper 2,846 feet. 

East Boston 192 feet. Long Island. 

Dorchester 2,543 feet. 



88 City Document No. 24. 



Soutli Boston 
Charlestowii 
Brighton . 
West Roxbiiry 
Hyde Park 



5,066 feet. 
90 feet. 
1,285 feet. 
5,725 feet. 
2,424 feet. 



Total .... 20,171 feet, or 3.82 miles. 

Of the above work, 13,992 feet or 2.65 miles, were laid 
by W. P. A. forces. 

City Proper. 

Water pipes were laid in Huntington avenue, Falmouth 
and Clearway streets, Edgerly road and Boylston street, 
to connect 16-inch high service pipe in Massachusetts 
avenue, with the 20-inch high service main in Huntington 
avenue, thus giving added fire protection for the sprinkler 
systems in the theaters in the Massachusetts avenue 
district and to the Christian Science Publishing Society 
buildings. 

The high service was extended in Hull street. North 
End, from Commercial to Salem streets, to supply 
high service fire sprinkler system that had been installed 
in the belfry tower of the ''Old North Church." 

South Boston. 
About 5,000 linear feet of 8-inch and 12-inch water 
pipes were laid on account of the construction of the 
^'Old Harbor Village Housing Project." 

Hyde Park, Brighton, Dorchester, and 
West Roxbury. 

Water pipes were extended in these districts to 
provide for new building construction and roadway 
construction. 

The total length of water mains of sizes from 4-inch 
to 48-inch, inclusive, relaid or relocated was 31,843 
linear feet, or 6.03 miles. Of this length 31,021 linear 
feet or 5.87 miles, was done by the W. P. A. forces. 

In continuation of the policy of replacing older and 
smaller water mains with larger sizes for the improve- 
ment of fire protection in the more densely populated 
sections of the city, 30,195 feet, or 5.72 miles of 4-inch 
and 6-inch pipes laid fifty years or more ago, were 
replaced with 8-inch and 12-inch pipe. Of this relay 
work, 29,373 feet, or 5.56 miles, were performed by the 
W. P. A. forces. 



Public Works Department. 



89 



In districts the older and smaller size mains were 
relaid with new and larger size mains, as follows : 



City Proper 
South Boston 
Charlestown 
Roxbury 
Dorchester . 
Brighton 
West E-oxbury 



4,391 feet. 

444 feet. 

572 feet. 
2,734 feet. 
4,928 feet. 
4,574 feet. 
5,664 feet. 



Over 1,000 linear feet of 48-inch water main was 
relaid in a new location on account of the Common- 
wealth Avenue-Massachusetts Avenue Underpass. Ap- 
proximately 700 feet of 24-inch water pipes were aban- 
doned in INIassachusetts avenue between Beacon street 
and Commonwealth avenue. 

The work of relaying the 20-inch cement lined pipe 
in Medford street, Charlestown, with 24-inch cast-iron 
pipe, was completed during the year. 

Considerable time was spent during the months of 
]\Iay, June and July, in conjunction with the State 
Board of Health and the Boston Board of Health, 
sampling and testing the water at various taps through- 
out the city, owing to the evidence of bacteria in the 
water, and as a result of this testing, the Metropolitan 
District Commission increased the amount of chlorine 
being injected into the water supplies feeding the 
Metropolitan area. 

Quite a few complaints were received from water 
users on account of the disagreeable taste of the water, 
but by late September or early October the complaints 
subsided and at present no complaints are being re- 
ceived. 

An investigation was made of the water supply to 
Deer Island during the year by F. A. Barbour. 

The regular work of the Distribution Branch, con- 
sisting of installation of new services and fire pipes, 
repairing of leaks, caring for complaints, shutting off 
and letting on water, freeing of stoppages in service 
pipes, etc., was performed in such a manner and at such 
periods as to cause a minimum of delay and inconven- 
ience to applicants for water, water takers and the 
general public. 

A tremendous increase in the amount of work per- 
formed was occasioned by the laying out of new streets 



90 City Document No. 24. 

with the resultant regulating of gate boxes, shut-off 
frames and covers, hydrants, services and the installa- 
tion of new services on the relaying work by the W. P. A. 
forces. The machine shop and plumbing shop were 
forced to handle all the drilling and connecting of serv- 
ices occasioned by the above-mentioned forces, in 
addition to the regular work carried on in these shops, 
such as the assembling and machining of gates, valves 
and hydrants. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Daniel M. Sullivan, 

Division Engineer. 



Public Works Department. 91 



1937 — Financial Transactions — Water Division. 

Balance after deducting expenditures of Water Income 

Division $4,406,545 72 

Expenditures from revenue: 



xpe 

Current expenses and extensions . $1,031,255 23 
Metropolitan Water Assessments . 3,282,200 75 



Expenditures on Debt Account: 

Payments on Boston water debt . $34,000 00 

Payments on Hyde Park water debt, 16,000 00 

Payments on interest on water loans, 29, 1 1 1 25 



4,313,455 98 
$93,089 74 



79,111 25 

Balance for payment of Metropolitan Water Assessment, $13,978 49 

Loan Account: 

Balance outstanding January 1, 1937, $943,000 00 
Paid during 1937: 
Account Boston water 

debt . . . $34,000 00 
Account Hyde Park 

water debt . . 16,000 00 
Account P. W. A. 
loans No. 4214 and 
No. 7223 . . 41,000 00 

91,000 00 



Balance outstanding December 31, 1937 . . . $852,000 00 

Construction Account: 

Extension of mains (from revenue) .... $225,844 56 

Cost of construction December 31, 

1937 $24,002,330 89 

Cost of construction December 31, 

1936 23,776,486 33 



Increaseinplant cost during 1937 .... $225,84456 

Cost of existing works December 31, 1937: 

Pipe yards and buildings . . $94,832 16 

Engineering expenses . . . 57,873 58 

Distribution system (additions 

1937, $225,844.56) ... * 23,674,625 15 
Hyde Park water works . . 175,000 00 

$24,002,330 89 

High Pressure Fire Service t 2,293,316 75 

Total cost $26,295.647 64 

♦ Includes $155,023.89 expended for High Pressure Fire Service in 1925, 1926, 1931, 1932, 
1933. 

t S33,850.96 deducted from cost of High Pressure Fire Service on account of abolition 
of Battery Street Pumping Station. 



92 



City Document No. 24. 



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Public Works Department. 



93 



Table No. 11. 

High Pressure Fire Service. 
Showing Length of Water Pipes, Connections, Hydrants and Valves in Same, December 31, 

1937. 



20-Inch. 16-Inch. 12-Inch. 8-Inch. 6-Inch. Totals 



Length owned and operated December 
31, 1936 

Gates in same 

Blow-offs in same 

Length laid in 1937 

Gate valves in same 



Length owned and operated December 
31, 1937 

Gate valves in same 

Blow-offs in same 

High-pressure fire hydrants 



20,140 


46,953 


31,756 


. 





- 


201 


144 


502 


— 


: 


— 


— 


— 


6 


20,140 


46,953 


31,756 






— 


201 


144 


502 


6 


— 


— 


- 


- 



98,849 

847 

6 



98,849 

847 

6 

505 



18.72 miles of mains in system. 



94 



City Document No. 24. 



Table No. III. 

Total Number of Hydrants in System December 31, 1937. 





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202 

1 

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179 

8 

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44 

37 

11 

4 

5 

25 


1,086 


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Charlestown (public) .... 


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13 

395 

5 
59 

1 
11 

8 


14 

1 

26 

83 
1 

7 
1 


114 

2 
341 

9 
618 

9 
154 

1 
69 


142 










346 












58 


Citv proper (public) 


503 

2 
875 

2 
186 










1,511 












54 


Dorchester (public) 










2,586 












17 


East Boston (public) 










542 


' (private) 










43 


Hyde Park (public) 


515 


1 

13 


22 
55 






677 


" (private) 








1 

9 

14 

27 

13 

1 


72 


Roxbury (public) 


12 
2 

56 
4 
8 


29 

1 

14 

1 

106 


286 
3 

175 
1 

336 


233 

4 

166 

14 

924 

15 

17 

3 

6 

3 

2 

9 


982 
2 

244 
1 

921 

1 


1,548 


' (private) 










21 


South Boston (public) 










669 


' (private) 










48 


West Roxbury (public) 










2,308 


" (private) 










17 


Deer Island (private) 






3 










20 


Gallup's Island (private) 
















1 


4 


Long Island (private) 


















6 


Rainsford Island (private) 




















3 


Thompson's Island (private) 




















2 


Quincy 




















9 
















1 








Total number (public) 

Total number (private and 
suburban) 


578 
33 


292 
5 


2,317 
28 


3,100 
127 


4,859 
8 


1 
13 


22 
55 


4 


98 
111 


11,268 
384 







Public Works Department. 95 



Waterworks Statistics, City of Boston. 

For the Fiscal Year Ending December 31, 1937. 

Distribution. 

Mains. 
Kind of pipe: Cast iron, wrought iron, steel. 
Size: 2-inch to 48-inch. 
Extended, miles, 3.79. 
Size enlarged, miles, 5.96. 
Total miles now in use, 979.34. 
Public hydrants added, 50. 
Public hydrants now in use, 11,268. 
Stop gates added, 148. 
Stop gates now in use, 15,860. 
Stop gates smaller than 4-inch, 34. 
Number of blow-offs, 877. 
Range of pressure on mains, 30 to 90 pounds. 

Service. 
Kind of pipe and size: Lead and lead lined, l-inch to 2-inch; cast iron, 

2-inch to 16-inch; wrought iron and cement lined, f-inch to 2-inch; 

brass and copper, f-inch to 2^-inch. 
Service taps added, 131. 
Total service taps now in use as per metered services, 104.908. 



96 



City Document No. 24. 



c 



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98 



City Document No. 24. 



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106 



City Document No. 24. 



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108 



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Public Works Department. 109 



APPENDIX F. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF 
THE WATER INCOME DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1938. 

To the Commissioner of Public Works: 

I respectfully submit data and tables showing the 
activities of the Water Income Division for the year 
ending December 31, 1937. 

Yours respectfully, 

James A. McMurry, 

Division Engineer. 



no 



City Document No. 24. 






5 



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si 



Public Works Department. Ill 



Shutting Off and Turning On of Water in 1937. 

Number of shut-offs for repairs 4,543 

Number of premises turned on after repairs . . 4,431 

Number of shut-offs for vacancy .... 1,250 

Number of premises turned on for occupancy . . 1,149 

Number of shut-offs for nonpayment of water rates, 277 
Number of premises turned on again after being 

shut off for nonpayment 136 

Number of premises shut off on account of waste . 107 
Number of premises turned on again after being 

shut off for waste 276 

Number of new service pipes turned on for first 

time 262 

Total number of times water was shut off or 

turned on 12,431 



112 



City Document No. 24. 



statement of Each Year's Water Rates, 1912 to 1937, Inclusive, 
as of December 31, 1937. 



Account of 
Year. 



Amount 
Assessed. 



Amount 
Abated. 



Amount 
Collected. 



Amount 
Outstanding. 



1912 
1913 
1914 
1915 
1916 
1917 
1918 
1919 
1920 
1921 
1922 
1923 
1924 
1925 
1926 
1927 
1928 
1929 
1930 
1931 
1932. 
1933. 
1934. 
1935. 
1936 
1937. 



S3, 001, 771 87 
3,004,331 52 
3,034,885 83 
2,960,797 45 
3,130.590 53 
3,120,878 86 

3.359.714 95 
3,210,147 91 
3,503,677 88 
3,615,663 51 

3.612.715 51 
3,817,642 72 
3,832,531 26 
3,875,434 21 
3,910,119 54 
3,979,153 63 
4,418,039 84 
5,018,524 39 
4,864,180 27 
4,749,546 18 
4,611,461 41 
4,572,539 96 
4,703,863 07 
4,630,717 54 
4,671,698 72 
4,717,045 05 



$58,369 39 
50,147 90 
64,653 01 
57,782 09 
67,771 69 
77,353 75 

162,415 52 
95,812 76 

123,509 90 
90,946 23 
90,453 27 
77,449 02 
43,678 41 
39,084 94 
44,694 94 
44,181 22 

37.801 18 
44,929 23 
44,240 85 
45,719 43 
37,467 69 

34.802 86 
50,278 74 
44,744 67 
24,173 14 
10,913 81 



$2,943,402 48 
2,954,183 62 
2,970,232 82 
2,903,015 36 
3,062,818 84 
3,043,525 11 
3,197,299 43 
3,114,335 15 
3,380,167 98 
3,524,717 28 
3,522,262 24 
3,740,193 70 
3,783,363 20 
3,829,117 89 

* 3,858,340 96 

* 3,917,939 81 

* 4,371,386 13 
4,958,825 23 

* 4,800,542 49 

* 4,674,102 44 

* 4,530,338 70 

* 4,450,150 17 
+ 4,514,278 16 

* 4,346,177 54 

* 4,175,617 47 
2,931,385 33 



$5,489 65 

7,231 38 

7,083 54 

17,032 60 

8,852 53 

14,769 93 

19,396 93 

29,724 31 

43,655 02 

87,586 93 

139,306 17 

239,795 33 

471,908 11 

1,774,745 91 



Total outstanding water rates December 31, 1937 $2,866,578 34 



* Include Water Collections in Tax Possessions Accounts. 



Public Works Department. 



113 



Water Meter Division. 

Table No. I. Statement of Work Done During the Year 1937. 



Make. 


i 

a 

< 


3 

C 

o 


Meters 
Changed. 


■6 


11 


T3 






Out. 


In. 




183 
13 

158 
22 

1 
1 
1 


150 

16 

59 

2 

4 
1 


3,815 

796 

2,058 

535 

34 

103 

24 

30 

14 

11 


4,164 

351 

2,330 

525 

2 

72 

16 

2 
1 


6,150 

1,116 

3,059 

978 

30 

112 

25 

19 

24 

12 

2 

31 

3 

7 


1,288 

130 

269 

272 

20 

19 

21 

27 

29 

55 

7 

39 

68 


4,702 

361 

2,017 

13 

2 

17 

1 

1 

1 


303 
14 

145 
18 


Worthington disc 

Watch dog 




Federal 




7 
1 


Lambert 




Trident 


3 


2 
2 




Hersey rotary 




Arctic 


2 




Nash 


1 


36 




Detector 


3 




Keystone 




7 










1 










Totals 


387 


238 


7,463 


7,463 


11,568 


2,244 


7,115 


489 



114 



City Document No. 24. 



Table No. 2. Meters in Service December 31, 1937. 











Diameter in 


Inches. 


Totals. 


Make. 


1 


J 


1 


U 


2 


3 


4 


6 


8 


10 


12 




53,259 
7,353 

22,492 
2,445 
689 
695 
224 
198 
132 
329 
145 


3,643 

25 

1,031 

230 


1,775 

32 

1,068 


939 
31 

736 
35 


386 
49 

444 
45 


160 

13 

371 


119 


32 


1 






60,314 








7,503 




85 










26,227 












2 755 


Federal 














689 




262 
75 
312 
1 
234 
141 


20 
49 
48 
6 
132 


















977 




64 

1 

101 

6 

23 


12 
76 
12 
183 
3 
20 


23 
20 
53 


2 

15 
21 










362 




6 

1 

15 








727 


Trident 




2 




191 




1,068 










295 




20 


10 










73 




18 
89 














18 


Nash 


238 


19 


2 


6 














354 




4 
1 


49 
9 


63 
12 


35 


26 


5 


182 














22 






















Totals 


88,068 


6,192 


3,149 


1,938 


1,236 


665 


310 


129 


37 


28 


5 


101,757 







Table No. 3. Meters in Shop December 31, 1937. 



Make. 


Diameter in Inches. 


Totals. 


1 


1 


1 


U 


2 


3 


4 


6 


12 




2,214 


12 
















2,226 


Trident 








3 








3 














1 

1 
2 


1 


1 


2 




35 

46 

9 




1 
4 






3 

7 

1 


41 






1 


60 








10 












1 






1 






















Totals 


2,304 


12 


5 




1 


14 


5 


1 


1 


2,343 







Public Works Department. 



115 



Table No. 4. Meters Purchased in 1937. 



Make. 


Diameter i>f iNCHEa. 




t 


J 


1 


U 


2 


3 


4 


6 


Totala. 


Detector 














3 


2 


_ 


Trident 










6 

17 
20 




6 




1,250 


50 
30 


50 
30 


20 
16 


20 
35 


5 
10 




141"' 


Watch dog 


141 








Totals 


1,250 


80 


80 


36 


43 


55 


18 


2 


1,564 



Table No. 5. Meters Reset. 



Make. 


Diameter in Inches. 




5. 

3 

O 






8 


I 


1 


U 


2 


3 


4 




Hersey disc 

Worthington disc 


270 

13 

122 

9 

7 
1 


15 

6 

1 


10 
1 

7 
3 


6 


1 




1 


303 

14 

145 

18 
7 
1 
1 


122 
5 
70 
8 
4 
1 
1 


181 
9 


Watch dog 


3 
4 


6 

1 


1 




75 




10 


American 






3 


















Hersey detector 












1 




















Totals 


422 


22 


21 


13 


8 


1 


2 


489 


211 


278 



116 



City Document No. 24. 



Table No. 6. Meters Repaired in Service. 



Make. 









J4° 










^ 


2 




3 






2 


I-) 


41 


O 


T3 


P5 


a) 


^c 


ct 


_B 




^ 








« 


Q 


o 
O 


'S. 


3 
O 

O 


0. 
o 


S 



Hersey disc 


214 


80 


544 


267 


72 


111 


1,288 


Wortliington disc 


9 


5 


77 


30 


1 


8 


130 


Watch dog 


22 
4 


16 
8 


219 
211 


7 
40 


1 


4 
9 


269 


King 


272 


Federal 


1 


1 


5 


7 




6 


20 




3 


4 
13 

2 


9 

2 

4 


4 
4 
4 
11 


1 
2 
3 
5 


2 
9 
4 
5 


19 




21 




3 

2 


27 


Trident 


29 


Hersey rotary 


7 


9 




14 


11 


14 


55 


Nasii 


5 


7 




7 


8 


12 


39 


Arctic 


2 

21 


3 

19 








2 
15 


7 


Hersey detector 






13 


68 










Totals 


293 


167 


1,071 


395 


117 


201 


2,244 







Public Works Department. 



117 



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118 



City Document No. 24. 



Table No. 8. Causes for Meter Changes. 



Make. 





01 














« 


<u 




^ 


M 






a 


^ 


« 




C 




-0 














« 


o 


o 




e 


a 
o 


o 




Q 


2; 


a 


03 


C) 


f^ 



Hersey disc 

Watch dog 

Worthington disc. , 

King 

American 

Lambert 

Crown 

Trident 

Federal , 

Nash , 

Keystone 

Hersey rotary 

Arctic 

Hersey compound . 



Totals. 



181 
9 
46 
2 
4 
1 
1 
3 
5 
2 



256 



979 

1,347 

477 

86 

63 

12 

11 

3 

26 

23 

2 

5 

4 

3 



3,041 



106 



42 



1,575 

214 

189 

315 

9 



643 

366 

11 

9 

12 
4 
7 



280 

84 

55 

97 

5 



526 



37 



87 



3,815 

2,051 

796 

535 

103 

24 

30 

14 

34 

36 

7 

11 

4 

3 



7,463 



Table No. 9. 


Meters Applied in 


1937. 








Make. 


Diameter in Inches. 


Totals. 


f 


1 


1 


U 


o 


3 


4 


6 




110 

12 

77 

6 

1 


16 


15 


17 
1 
9 
4 


12 


8 


3 


2 


183 




13 


Watch dog 


6 


14 
3 


12 
9 


34 


6 




158 


Kin? 


22 


American 








1 


Arctic 








1 


1 






2 


Hersev detector 










1 


2 


3 


Federal 










1 




1 


Trident 










1 


2 
1 




3 


Lambert 












1 


















Totals 


206 


22 


32 


31 


35 


44 


13 


4 


387 







Applied on old services 36 

Applied on new services 351 



Total applied 



387 



Public Works Department. 



119 



Table No. 10. Meters Discontinued in 1937. 



Make. 




Diameter in 


Inches. 




o 


£ 

c 
o 

c 

o 


c 
5 


3 
C 




1 


i 


1 


IJ 


2 


3 


4 


S 


Hersey disc 

Worthington disc 


3il 

58 

130 

13 

2 

6 


44 


16 


12 


4 


2 


4 


423 
58 

179 
17 
2 
9 
1 
1 
3 
3 


no 

23 

42 

7 
1 
1 


163 

19 

78 

8 

1 

4 


150 
16 


Watch dog 


12 
2 


12 

1 


13 
1 


8 


4 




59 




2 


Federal 










American 


3 












4 


Lambert 






1 
1 






1 
















1 
1 


1 




Trident 










3 




2 






1 






1 


2 




















1 

1 








1 
1 
1 






1 


Empire . . . 


















1 


Hersev detector 












1 




1 




















Totals 


550 


62 


30 


28 


15 


9 


5 


699 


186 


275 


238 







120 City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX G. 



REPORT OF THE BOSTON AND CAMBRIDGE 
BRIDGE COMMISSION. 



Boston, January 2, 1938. 

To the Honorable the Mayor. 

Sir, — As Commissioner for the City of Boston, I 
respectfully submit herewith the annual report of the 
Boston and Cambridge Bridge Commission for the year 
ending December 31, 1937. 

The commission is composed of two members, one 
appointed by the Mayor of the City of Boston and the 
other by the Mayor of the City of Cambridge, under 
provisions of chapter 467, Acts of 1898. 

The commission has charge of the maintenance of 
the following named bridges between Boston and 
Cambridge : 

Cottage Farm, Longfellow and Prison Point. 

As there is no separate appropriation made for the 
City of Boston's portion of the expenses of this commis- 
sion, the same is taken from the appropriation for the 
Bridge and Ferry Division, Bridge Service. The amount 
expended during the fiscal year ending December 31, 
1936, was S5,002.79. 

Respectfully submitted, 

E. M. Richardson, 
Commissioner for the City of Boston. 



Public Works Department. 



121 



r Boston and Cambridge Bridges. Expenditures for the Year Ending 

I December 31, 1937. 

Being the Portion Paid by the City of Boston, Which is One Half of the Total Expenditure. 











(K 












M 










bO 


-a 


















c 


^ 




n 








B 
1- 


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fS 






c 


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"m 


o 






■~ 


o« 


s 




o 




< 


o 


J 


-< 


H 




$50 00 




$1,565 00 




$1,615 00 






$194 00 


194 00 


$216 00 


604 00 


Light 




946 01 


1,694 83 




2,640 84 






53 23 


5 25 




58 48 


Supplies 






72 07 




72 07 




12 40 








12 40 












Totals 


$62 40 


$1,193 24 


$3,531 15 


$216 00 


$5,002 79 







CITY OF BOSTON PRINTING DEPARTMENT 



6?^ ^b'b 



ANNUAL REPORT 



PUBLIC WOEKS DEPAETMENT 

FOR THE YEAR 1938 
[Document 24 — 1939] 



MAR 30 1944 



CONTENTS. 



Part I. 

EEPORT OF THE COMMISSIONED OF 
PUBLIC WORKS. 



Page 

Appropriations 18 

Employees 21 

Expenditures 18 

General review 2 



Page 

Organization 1 

Revenue 19 

Special appropriations 18 



Part II. — ^ Appendix A. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
BRIDGE AND FERRY SERVICE. 

(Bridge Service.) 

(Page 26.) 



Page 
Appropriations, special 18 

Appropriations, special sum- 
mary of 50 

Bridge openings 52 

Bridges, work done on: 
Albany Street Bridge, 
over the Boston and 

Albany Railroad 30 

Beacon Street Bridge 31 

Berkeley Street Bridge, 
over the Boston and 

Albany Railroad 31 

Boylston Street Bridge 31 

Charlestown Bridge 32 

Irvington Street Foot- 
bridge 32 



Page 
Victory Road Disposal 
Station (for Sanitary 

Division) 35 

Warren Bridge 33 

Federal Emergency Relief 

Administration 30 

Day labor force 33 

Granite Avenue Bridge. . . 53 

Bridge Miscellaneous 35 

Expenditures 46 

Expenditures, special appro- 
priations 51 

Expenditures, special ap- 
propriations, summary 

of 46 

Repairs on bridges 30 

Work done 30 

Works Progress Administra- 
tion 28 



IV 



Table of Contents. 



(Ferry Service.) 
(Page 26.) 



Page 

Appropriations 54 

Appropriations, amount paid 

from 54 

Balance sheet 55 

Expenditures 57 

Expenditures and receipts 

since 1858 57 



Page 

Ferryboats 27 

Financial statements 54 

Receipts at South Ferry. ... 59 

Travel on ferry 59 

Traffic rates 59 



(Sumner Tunnel.) 

(Page 37.) 

Appendix B. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
HIGHWAY DIVISION. 

General Review. 

(Page 64.) 

Federal Public Works Administration 



Page 
70 



(Lighting Service.) 
(Page 67.)' 



Expenditures 

Financial statement. 



Page 
67 
67 



Work done. 



(Paving Service.) 
(Page 64.) 



Page 
Expenditures, objects of . . . . 74 

Expenditures, detail of 74 

General review 74 

Permits 75 

Permits, revenue from 75 



Street openings 

Work done 

By contract, summary of. 
By day labor, summary of. 



Page 
67 



Page 
75 
64 
69 
73 



Table of Contents. 
Appendix C. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
SANITARY DIVISION. 

(Sanitary Service.) 
(Page 76.) 



Appropriations 

Financial statement 

Income 

Maintenance 

Cost of collecting and dis- 
posing of refuse by day 
labor 



Page 
76 
76 
76 
76 



81 



Page 
Materials : 

Collected by districts 79 

Cost of collecting and 
disposing of refuse by 

contract 79 

Work done 77 



(Street Cleaning and Oiling Service.) 

(Page 83.) 



Page 
Expenditures, distribution 

of 83 

Expenditures, items of 83 

Financial statement 83 



Page 
Macadam streets, cost of 

oiling 83 

Work done 83 



Appendix D. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
SEWER DIVISION. 



Expenditures: 

Maintenance 

Maintenance, detail of ... . 

Maintenance, detail of, 

recapitulation of 

Financial statement 

Pumping sewerage, average 
cost per million foot 
gallons 



(Page 84.) 



Page 

87 
87 

87 
86 

107 



Page 
Pumping station. Calf Pas- 
ture, work done 107 

Pumps, Calf Pasture, aver- 
age lift and duty 107 

Refuse, removing same from 

gatehouse 109 

Summary of sewer construc- 
tion (twelve months). . . 105 

Work done 84 

Work in charge of division, 1 10 



VI 



Table of Contents. 



Appendix E. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
WATER DIVISION. 



(Water Service.) 
(Page 114.) 



Page 

Construction, cost of 118 

Expenditui'es 116 

Expenditui'es, detail of 116 



Financial statement 

High pressure fire service . . . 
Hydrants, total number of, 

December 31, 1938 

Hydrants, total number and 

kind of, established and 

abandoned 

Revenue 

Service pipes: 

Total number of lengths 

of 



116 
120 

121 



121 
116 



119 



Page 
Water pipes, total length of, 119 

Work done 114 

Work done, detail of 114 



133 



Financial statement 

Shutting off and turning on 
water 

Meter branch 

Meter in service 

Meter repairs 

Meters: 

Changed 138 

Applied 141 

Discontinued 141 

Reset 137 



133 
135 
136 
142 



Appendix F. 



REPORT OF THE BOSTON AND CAMBRIDGE 
BRIDGE COMMISSION. 



(Page 


143.) 




Page 




Page 


Bridges in charge of com- 
mission 143 


Work done 


143 


Expenditures 


143 



BOSTON 



PUBLIC UBBABJ 



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