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Full text of "Annual report of the Public Works Department, for the year .."

\ 



[Document 24 — 1940.] 




ANNUAL REPORT 



OP THE 



PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT 

FOR THE 

YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1939. 



Boston, January 2, 1940. 

Hon. Maurice J. Tobin, 
Mayor of Boston. 
Dear Mr. Mayor, — In compliance with the pro- 
visions of section 24 of chapter 3 of the Revised Ordi- 
nances of 1925, I respectfully submit the annual report 
of the Public Works Department for the year ending 
December 31, 1939. 

Organization. 

The department, in existence since February 1, 1911, 
was created under the provisions of chapter 9 of the 
Ordinances of 1910. There are five divisions, namely, 
Bridge and Ferry, Highway, Sanitary, Sewer and 
Water, each under the direct supervision of a division 
engineer. 

Receipts and Expenditures. 

The increase in receipts and the reduction in expendi- 
tures were a source of encouragement and gratification; 
the department having had one of its most successful 
years in those respects. 

The receipts from all sources, except those derived 
from the Sumner Tunnel tolls and from the Water 



2 City Document No. 24. 

Service, were $164,567.84, or $28,159.89 in excess of 
those of the previous year. The revenue derived 
from the issuance of street permits was $16,959.24, 
which was $7,509.96 in excess of the previous year 
and approximately $3,500 more than the amount that 
it was estimated would accrue to the department 
due to the adoption of a new schedule of charges recom.- 
mended by the committee appointed by your Honor in 
1938, and referred to on page 9 of my annual report of 
that year. 

The revenue derived from the operation of the Sumner 
Tunnel was $898,356.82, or $61,977.25 in excess of the 
receipts of the previous year and, with the exception 
of the year 1935 when the 25-cent base toll rate was 
in effect, the largest amount of revenue received from 
this source in any year since the opening of the tunnel. 

Taking into consideration the $50,000 allocated from 
the State Highway Fund under the provisions of chapter 
71 of the Resolves of 1939, the deficit incurred from the 
operation of the tunnel was $315,045.61, or $72,823.30 
less than that of 1938. The marked financial improve- 
ment in the operation of the tunnel can be attributed, 
in no small degree, to the inexpensive advertising 
campaign conducted throughout the year and the 
placing of directional arrows on many of the important 
routes leading to the tunnel. 

The total collections in the Water Division amounted 
to $5,167,428.29, or $12,376.90 in excess of the collec- 
tions of 1938. This is a remarkable record when one 
considers that in 1938 the receipts were $479,100.26 
in excess of those collected in 1937. The surplus 
amounted to $757,182.55, which compares most favor- 
ably with the 1938 surplus of $654,998.45. Prior to 
the start of the present city administration a deficit 
had occurred in the Water Division every year for seven 
years. 

The deficit resulting from the operation of the East 
Boston Ferry System amounted to $200,178.17, or 
$18,974.59 less than the deficit of the previous year. 
While deficits ordinarily are not items to single out for 
special attention, I feel that in this particular instance 
an exception should be made to the general rule. Over 
the past decade the Ferry deficit has averaged over 
$331,000 per year, reaching a high of $471,970.28 in 
1931. The lowest deficit from 1930 to 1937, inclusive, 
was $282,139.93 in 1934. In 1938, however, the first 



Public Works Department. 3 

year of the present administration, the deficit was 
reduced to $219,152.76, and further reduced in 1939, 
as stated above, to the amount indicated. 

The total department revenue from all sources 
amounted to $6,280,352.95, or $152,514.04 in excess of 
that of the previous year. 

The total budgetary expenditures for the year were 
$7,012,497.09, or less than the expenditures for the 
previous year by $38,459.47, despite the fact that the 
previous year's expenditures were the lowest of any 
year, except one, since the year 1919. At the end of the 
year a balance of $216,764.30 remained of the budgetary 
appropriation. 

Personnel. 

As of December 31, there were 2,309 employees in the 
department. This represents a reduction of 241 in the 
number of emploj^ees since the start of the present 
administration on January 2, 1938; this, without cur- 
tailing the service rendered to the public or without 
eliminating or decreasing in any way the various types 
of improvements of a public works nature that are 
under the control of the department. 

Commissioner's Office. 

This is the Central Office of the department, where 
work of an executive nature pertinent to the duties of 
the commissioner is carried on; also, the advertising for 
and receiving of bids for contract work; the negotiating 
with the Civil Service Commission in matters affect- 
ing the personnel of the department; and the investiga- 
tion of accidents to workmen, laborers and mechanics 
employed in the city service who come under the 
provisions of the Workmen's Compensation Act. 

As of December 31, eleven employees were on the 
pay roll of the Central Office. 

Bridge and Ferry Division. 

This division has charge and care of all bridges used 
as highways, which are in whole or in part under the 
control of the city, the care and management of the 
ferries owned by the city, including boats, slips, drops 
and buildings, and the maintenance and operation of 
the Sumner Tunnel. 

Appended is a complete report submitted by Division 



4 City Document No. 24. 

Engineer Thomas H. Sexton. Briefly, the following 
are the more important improvements effected : 

The installation, under a W. P. A. project, of 
high curbs to prevent vehicles from plunging over- 
board, on the Dorchester Avenue Bridge, Chelsea 
North and South Bridges, and the Chelsea Viaduct. 
Since the installation of high curbs on the various 
bridges that are under the jurisdiction of the depart- 
ment no fatalities have occurred. Prior to the start 
of the work, however, several fatalities had occurred 
over a two-year period. The placing of the high 
curbs on bridges will continue until such time as all 
the bridges are protected in this manner. 

A W. P. A. project was started in November which 
provides for redecking and strengthening the struc- 
tural members of the Dorchester Avenue Bridge. 

P. W. A. Docket 1584-F, which provided for the 
reconstruction of the Boylston Street Bridge and the 
construction of new bridges at Albany Street and 
Berkeley Street over the Boston and Albany Railroad 
right of way, was completed. 

Highway Division. 

This division has charge of the construction, recon- 
struction and maintenance of roadways and sidewalks, 
and the care of lamps and lighting of streets, parks 
and alleys. 

Appended is a detailed report submitted by Division 
Engineer William T. Morrissey. Briefly, the following 
are the more important accomplishments: 

The construction and reconstruction, under W. P. A. 
projects, of 676,678 square yards of roadway areas. 
This constitutes the biggest street construction pro- 
gram effected by the department in recent years. 

The reconstruction, without hampering normal 
business activities, of many streets in the downtown 
district, notably Washington street, from State street 
to Essex street. This work was done only on week 
ends, in order to inconvenience, to as little an extent 
as possible, the residents and business men of the city. 

The policy adopted the previous year as a justified 
economy measure, of reducing the 1,500 candle power 
street lights to 1,000 candle power was continued 
with a yearly saving, in addition to that of 1938, of 
approximately $18,000. 



Public Works Department. 5 

Under the provisions of chapter 232 of the Acts of 
1939 the sum of $2,064,729.87 was allocated to the 
City of Boston from the Highway Fund of the Com- 
monwealth. 

Sanitary Division. 

This division has charge of the collection and removal 
of ashes, garbage and refuse, street cleaning, and the 
oiling and flushing of streets. 

Appended is a detailed report submitted by Division 
Engineer Adolph J. Post. The more important accom- 
plishments, in brief, are as follows: 

The removal and disposal, for the first time in the 
history of the department, of garbage and refuse 
under the contract system in the Chariest own district. 
The service rendered by the contractor has been most 
satisfactory and, as pointed out in the 1938 report, 
the change from day labor to contract work in that 
district resulted in a substantial saving to the city. 
Bids were received in November for the continuation 
of the contract service in this district. The lowest 
bid which was submitted and accepted amounted 
to a yearly charge to the department of $17,988. 

The advertising of a contract for removal and dis- 
posal of garbage and refuse under the contract system 
from the Elm Hill section of Roxburj^ This work 
was formerly done by day labor forces at considerably 
more than the yearly contract price of $15,600 sub- 
mitted by the low bidder. The advertising for bids 
to have the garbage and refuse removed from the 
Elm Hill district under contract is but a continuation 
of the poHcy adopted by the present city administra- 
tion whereby the contract system will eventually 
supersede the more expensive day labor system in 
all sections of the city. This is a justified economy 
that does not, in any way, curtail a most vital and 
necessary service to which the taxpayer is entitled. 

The purchase of two new Elgin 20 mechanical 
street sweepers and one used sweeper. No mechani- 
cal sweepers had been purchased by the department 
for a period of nine years, with the result that the 
streets of the city could not be kept in a clean condi- 
tion. The addition of these three sweepers improved, 
materially, the street cleaning equipment of the 
department, with the result that a marked improve- 
ment in the cleanliness of the streets of the city is 



6 City Document No. 24. 

noted. It is my intention to purchase a sufficient 
number of mechanical sweepers each year to make 
certain that the department is adequately equipped 
in this respect, as it is my opinion that the only way 
to keep the streets of the city clean is by the use of 
modern mechanical street sweepers. 

Sewer Division. 

This division has charge of the construction and 
maintenance of sewers, catch-basins and waterways. 

Appended is a complete report submitted by Division 
Engineer Robert P. Shea. Briefly, the more important 
accomplishments are as follows: 

The construction of 44,142.78 feet of sanitary sewer 
and surface drain, most of the work being done with 
the assistance of the W. P. A. 

The completion of the project which provided for 
the construction of a concrete conduit to replace the 
open section of Stony Brook that extended from 
Mt. Hope street to Stella road, West Roxbury, a 
distance of 610 feet. 

Water Division. 

The Water Division has the care of water pipes, 
installation of meters, water service, laying and relaying 
of water mains and high pressure fire service and the 
billing of all accounts for water consumption. 

Appended is a detailed report submitted by Division 
Engineer Daniel M. Sullivan. A brief report of the 
accomplishments of that division follows: 

The laying of 21,000 feet of pipe varying in sizes 
from 6 inches to 48 inches, most of which was done 
by the W. P. A. under projects sponsored by the 
Water Division. 

The laying of approximately 5,700 feet of 48-inch 
steel pipe in Huntington avenue and Tremont street, 
Roxbury, to replace the existing 30 and 36 inch low- 
service mains. This project started in the late fall of 
1938 and the progress made in 1939 was very satis- 
factory. The entire project, which provides for the 
laying of 15,000 feet of pipe, as a W. P. A. project, 
should be completed some time in 1940. 



Public Works Department. 



Boston and Cambridge Bridge Commission. 

This division is not, strictly speaking, a division of 
the Public Works Department, as the work is in charge 
of a commission of two, one member appointed by the 
Mayor of Cambridge and the other member, the present 
Commissioner of Public Works of Boston, acting as 
the Boston representative, under the provisions of 
section 4 of chapter 27 of the Revised Ordinances of 
1925. One half of the expense of the commission is 
defrayed by the Bridge Service and because of this 
it is included in the report of the Public Works 
Department. 

The commission has charge and maintenance of the 
Longfellow, Prison Point and Cottage Farm Bridges. 
The expenditures paid by the City of Boston in 1939 
were $4,837.57, which include the cost of salaries, 
inspection, light, repairs, etc. 

Respectfully submitted, 

George G. Hyland, 

Commissioner of Public Works. 



Appropriations and Expenditures. 

Current Expenses. 



Division or Service. 



Total Credits. 



Expenditures. 



Unexpended 
Balance. 



Central Office 

Bridge Service. . . . 

Ferry Service 

Tunnel Service. . . 
Highway Division 
Lighting Service. . 
Sanitary Division. 
Sewer Division . . . 
Water Division . . . 

Totals 



$33,605 64 
430,093 67 
228,996 75 
227,035 06 

1,549,404 45 
937,330 00 

2,064,075 36 
602,563 19 

1,156,157 27 



$7,229,261 39 



$33,603 07 
420,898 43 
225,306 81 
221,276 68 

1,518,665 93 
936,681 27 

2,036,621 04 
567,939 04 

1,051,504 82 



$7,012,497 09 



$2 57 

9,195 24 

3,689 94 

5,758 38 

30,738 52 

648 73 

27,454 32 

34,624 15 

104,652 45 



$216,764 30 



City Document No. 24. 



Expenditures From Special Appropriations, Etc. 

Water Division: 

Metropolitan Assessment, interest, on 
serial loans, Collecting Department 

expense, etc $3,358,740 92 

Bridges, repairs, etc. .... 23,243 67 

Ferry improvements .... 966 00 

Sewerage works, revenue .... 10 68 

Snow removal 451,013 68 

Bridges, reconstruction and repair of 

(P. W. A.) 208,186 74 

Chelsea North Bridge, water pipe trestle, 

reconstruction of (P. W. A.) . . 2,000 00 

Chelsea Street and Eastern Avenue 

Bridge (P. W. A.) .... 16,020 55 

Construction, reconstruction and re- 
placement of sewers and covering 
of open water courses (P. W. A.) . 27,055 10 

Northern Avenue Bridge, reconstruction 

and repair (P .W. A.) . . . 6,198 41 

Reconstruction of streets, revenue . . 36,591 63 

Reconstruction of streets, nonrevenue . 343 79 

Replacement of Brookline avenue 
water main from Brookline line to 
Beacon street (P. W. A.) . . 13,000 00 

Sewerage works, nonrevenue . . . 357,472 70 

Water main construction (P. W. A.) . 26,000 00 

Highways, making of ... . 1,164 37 

Total $4,528,008 24 



Revenue. 

On Account of the Public Works Department. 



Central Office: 

Sale of plans, etc. 
Bridge Service: 



$711 72 



Summer Street Bridge . 


$800 00 




Chelsea South Bridge . 


117 08 




Clerical services .... 


250 00 




Albany Street Bridge . 


79 58 




Charlestown Bridge 


140 50 




Damage to property 


39 50 




Dorchester Avenue Bridge . 


7 00 




Charlestown Bridge: 






Rents 


1,200 00 


2,633 66 






Ferry Service: 






Tolls 


. $24,748 43 




Rent 


219 00 




Commission on telephones . 


33 21 




Cleaning telephone booths . 


48 00 




Concession 


80 00 


25,128 64 


Lighting Service : 




Damage to posts .... 




150 00 


Carried forward .... 


$28,624 02 



Public Works Department. 



Brought forward 

Paving Service: 

From assessments on abutters for cost of 
laying sidewalks in front of their prem- 
ises, including material for the same. 

Unapportioned 

Assessments added to taxes 

Assessments paid in advance 

Permits 

Sale of materials, etc. . 

Repairing signs, etc. 

Labor and materials furnished, etc 

Refunds 



$28,624 02 



Sanitary Service: 

Collection of commercial waste 
Sale of manure 
Sale of garbage, etc. 
Sale of junk, etc. . 



$87 


18 


9,137 


50 


165 


47 


17,034 58 


2,941 


56 


16 


43 


342 


45 


222 


87 


$17,462 


17 


960 


89 


90 73 


1,241 


19 



Sewer Service: 

Disposal of sewage $41,674 00 

Entrance fees 772 30 

Labor and materials furnished . . . 878 25 

Penalty on oil 88 37 

Junk 442 20 



Sewerage Works: 

Assessment under chapter 450, Acts of 

1899 

Miscellaneous 

Added to taxes: 

Paid in advance 

L^napportioned 

Rent 

Services of inspector .... 



Water Service: 
Water rates due: 

For the year 1939 and prior 
Water added to taxes . 
Tax titles .... 
Service pipes for new water takers 

tending, repairing, etc. 
Elevator and fii-e pipe connections 
Fees on overdue rates 
Relocating hydrants 
Sale of junk, etc. . 
Labor and materials 
Damage to property 
Testing meters 
Weighing fees, etc. 
Miscellaneous 



Sumner Traffic Tunnel: 
Tolls, etc. 
State 



$898,356 82 
50,000 00 



29,948 04 



19,754 98 





43,855 12 


$34,244 34 




3,117 97 




3,062 49 




1,574 31 




260 00 




126 57 






42,385 68 




682,819 30 




415,168 79 




120 58 




26,973 88 




4.552 29 




25,004 99 




1,119 65 




8,058 61 




535 73 




1,527 74 




516 00 




430 75 




600 00 





Total 



5,167,428 29 



$948,356 82 
$6,280,3.52 95 



10 



City Document No. 24. 



The records of they department show that there are 
now 2,309 persons eligible for employment in the several 
div -sions, and of that number 2,272 were upon the 
Jaiiidary, 1940, pay rolls. 



Grade and Number of Employees. 





Services. 


Title. 


i 

EE 
O 




o 
'f- 
gj 
•SI 


1 


'c 

03 

o 

V 




>> 


c 
c 

H 


o 

c 


93 






1 




















1 




11 

12 
4 


1 


1 












1 


5 












1 






26 
8 

15 
7 
5 
2 


1 




12 








6 

1 
3 


56 












11 
















32 
















13 


















5 






















2 






2 


1 














4 














7 
15 

1 

1 

17 

1 

1 


1 






10 
42 


6 
33 


9 
43 


12 
22 






1 
2 


1 
1 

1 
1 

30 


46 






163 




1 


2 


Chief clerks 


1 

1 

27 

1 


11 












4 


Executive clerks 


2 

6 






2 






7 




8 


2 


1 


3 


107 




2 


Cashiers and assistants 






1 
1 






1 
1 


2 


2 


6 


Stockkeeper 












3 










2 








2 


Chemists and assistants 




2 
















2 


Cement testers and assistants, 




















5 














4 

4 

..8 








4 


Quartermaster-pilots 




















4 


Deckhands 




















8 


























Carried forward 


11 


118 


119 


6.5 


38 


27 


19 


8 


36 


55 


496 







Public Works Department. 



11 



Grade and Number ot«EmpIoyfces. — Concluded. 













• , 


( , 














— =r — '-' — ^ — ^ 

Services. "x 




Title. 


o 


> 


C 
v 
is 


a 

1 


3 

o 

35 






"3 

3 


6 

S 

o 
o 
c 


C 

is 


J2 

O 
H 




11 


lis 

8 


119 


65 


38 


27 


19 
4 
4 
12 
12 


8 


36 


.5.5 


496 
17 


Engineers (steam) 


Oilers 




1.5 














19 


Firemen 




2 














21 


Gatemen-tollmen-guards 










37 






49 


Gatemen-filth hoisters 






<j 












9 


Meter readers 
















33 




33 


Drawtenders and assistants . . . 












149 

1 






149 


Chief and electricians 






2 

3 
2 
3 


1 

4 

13 

4 

2 




1 


1.5 


2 
21 


1 
143 

4 


18 


Master mechanics 




3 
29 

.5 
12 


8 


Auto mechanics-repairers 


1 




201 


Blacksmiths-horseshoers 










22 


Carpenters-joiners 




12 


4 






39 


Harnessmaker and assistants . . 








2 








4 




1 
2 


5 
2 


2 




10 


22 


Painters 




6 
36 


8 




18 


Pavers 








1 
15 


37 


Plumbers-pipe fitters 












3 
2 






18 


Riggers-roofers 


















2 


Sewer cleaners-flushers 








22 

1 
3 












■'2 


Stonecutters-brick masons .... 




fi 


10 












1 


18 


Wheelwrights and assistants . . 














3 


Head chauffeurs 




5 

72 

1 

184 




1 
76 












6 


Chauffeurs 




36 

2 

C2 


84 
1 
222 
3 
2 
3 


5 




1.5 


1 


8 


297 


Working foremen, laborers . . . 




4 




100 


5 


11 


3 


3 


75 


725 


Wharfingers 




3 


Yardmen 




5 
1 


2 
1 


2 
24 










2 


13 












9 


38 














Totals 


11 


493 


304 


416 


302 


202 


79 


80 


105 


317 


2,309 







12 



City Document No. 24. 



Appointments, Transfers, Resignations, Retirements, Deaths, Etc., of Employees. 







, 


s 










o 


ei 


s^ 










5S 


0.2 






CO 






**-*> 


^ a 










T3 aJ 


£02 


-0 

Si, 




^ 


Services 


^ 


'U 


T3 0) 


7. 


-d 


i 


-d 










3 


1939-1940. 


>> 

a 


It 


g-gS 

go s 


3 

S 
'33 


a 
'3 
a 
a 


Q 


tf 


H 


H 


« 


tf 


1-3 




1-5 


H 


H 


tf 


<; 




1 










12 
204 

78 




11 

202 

79 










2 










Bridge 












2 








1 


Ferry 


o 


1 




1 


7 


22 


o 


14 




4 


532 




493 


9 


1 






10 


14 
12 




31 
9 


1 


1 
5 


463 
297 




416 
302 


9 
35 






1 


4 






1 


6 


7 

11 

1 


1 


2 
5 


1 




316 
332 

99 
79 




304 

317 

105 

80 


3 
3 
3 






2 


3 


Water 


1 
2 
3 




2 




3 




7 




1 


3 




Tunnel 


2 














34 


70 


4 


64 


5 


14 


2,412 


Totals 


2,309 


64 


8 


1 


15 









Number of Employees Actually Employed January I, 1939, and 
January 1, 1940. 



aJ 








5f c 




C 








"— t- 






■H M 






cJ-i3 










OJ C3 










01 




0) 


^ 


&< 


m 


^ 


w 


^ 



January 1, 1939 
January 1, 1940 

January 1, 1939 
January 1, 1940 



204 
202 



77 


98 


521 


457 


309 


287 


330 


76 


99 


485 


412 


300 


294 


314 



2,371 
2,272 



Total Eligible Force. 



79 


12 


204 


78 


98 


532 


463 


316 


297 


332 


80 


11 


202 


79 


105 


493 


416 


304 


302 


317 



2,412 

2,309 



PART II. 

APPENDICES, 



(13) 



14 City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX A. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF 
THE BRIDGE AND FERRY DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1940. 

To the Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — I respectfully submit the following report 
of the income, expenditures and operation of the Bridge 
and Ferry Division for the year ending December 31, 
1939. The appropriations and expenditures of the 
division were as follows: 

Bridge Service. 

Regular appropriation $428,093 67 

Transfers to 2,000 00 



$430,093 67 
Expenditures 420,898 43 

Balance $9,195 24 



Bridges, Repairs, Etc. 

Balance from 1938 $31,98163 

1939 appropriation 23,500 00 

$55,481 63 
Expenditures 23,243 67 

Balance $32,237 96 



Bridges, Reconstruction and Repair of, P. W. A. 
Expenditures $208,186 74 

Balance $22,563 26 



Public Works Department. 15 



Ferry Service. 




Balance from 1939 


$105 07 


Regular appropriation 

Transferred to 


228,026 68 
865 00 


Expenditures 


$228,996 75 
225,306 81 


Balance 


$3,689 94 


Ferry Imvrovements. 




Balance from 1938 

Expenditures 


$8,374 58 
966 00 


Balance 


$7,408 58 


Sumner Traffic Tunnel. 




Regular appropriation 

Transferred to 


. $223,300 06 
3,735 00 


Expenditures 


$227,035 06 
221,276 68 


Balance 


$5,758 38 



The above does not include certain expenditures for 
construction work for other divisions and departments, 
which work was supervised by the engineers of this 
division. 

Under orders of the Department of Public Utilities, 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, schedules of tolls 
and charges for the use of the Sumner Traffic Tunnel, 
between Boston Proper and East Boston, were approved, 
covering the year 1939. 

The city has been operating only one ferry, the 
so-called "South Ferry," since early in 1933, with the 
Boston terminus at Eastern avenue and the East Boston 
terminus at Lewis street. 

A change of boat operation was put into effect April 29, 
1938. This calls for a 30-minute boat schedule daily, 
starting from East Boston at 6 a. m. and 6.15 a. m. 
from Boston; this boat continues to operate until 10 
p. m. daily. A second boat starts from East Boston 
at 7.15 a. m., permitting of a 15-minute schedule, and 



16 City Document No. 24. 

continues until 11 a. m. At 2 p. m. it resumes operation 
and remains in operation until 6.15 p. m. The second 
boat does not operate on Sundays or holidays. 

The following Federal Relief Projects were sponsored 
by this division during the year : 

Works Progress Administration. 

Project 15778. 

Legal History and Cost Records of City of Boston 

Bridges. 
The reasons for this project were given in the 1938 
report. The work was supposed to be finished in 
1939, but as the compiling of this history involves 
considerable time and work, the project was extended 
under a new number (18869). The work should be 
completed about June 21, 1940. 

Project 17 J^86. 
Chipping, cleaning and painting steel work on South 
Ferry landings (drops and gallows frames), including 
wood fences on drops; two locations, one in Boston on 
Atlantic avenue and one in East Boston; two slips in 
each location. The work was completed in 1939. 

Project 16744- 
This project was for demolishing buildings, shelters, 
obsolete wooden drops, machinery houses and obsolete 
machinery at North Ferry slips, East Boston and 
Boston, and an explanation of same was given in the 
1938 report. The work was completed in 1939. 

Highway Division Project. 

Acting under directions of his Honor the Mayor in a 
communication to the Commissioner of Public Works, 
dated May 21, 1938, a committee, consisting of Messrs. 
George G. Hyland of the Survey Committee (now 
Commissioner of Public Works), Division Engineer 
William T. ]Morrissey of the Highway Division and 
Division Engineer Thomas H. Sexton of the Bridge 
and Ferry Division, was appointed by the Mayor to 
study all bridges in the city and make such recom- 
mendations as would tend to eliminate the hazards 
existing on bridges. Mr. Thomas H. Sexton was 
elected chairman of this committee. 

Safety curbs were installed on Dover Street Bridge 
in 1938. Work was started on Dorchester Avenue 



Public Works Department. 17 

Bridge in 1938 and was finished this year. Safety 
curbs were also installed this year on Chelsea South 
Bridge, Chelsea North Bridge, Chelsea Viaduct. Work 
of placing safety curbs was started this year on Prison 
Point Bridge and Warren Bridge and will be completed 
in 1940. It is the intention of the committee to install 
safety curbs at all other bridges, where needed, to 
eliminate the hazards which may exist thereon. The 
city's share of this work is paid from Item H, Highway 
Division. 

Project 20603. 
Dorchester Avenue Bridge Over Fort Point Channel, 
Paving District No. 8, Boston. 
Repairing and Redecking (Two Draw Spans). 

This project was approved in 1939, and is for the 
removal of all present timber of roadway, except that 
part maintained by the Boston Elevated Railway 
replacing angle-iron seats, scaling and painting steel 
work and replacing deck with new lumber (except that 
part maintained by the Boston Elevated Railway). 
Work started on the upstream draw in October. 
As the wood of the deck system was removed, it 
became apparent that extensive repairs to the steel 
members were necessary if the draw was to continue 
in service. Not only were some steel members so 
reduced in section, due to corrosion, that stresses in 
them were seriously in excess of stresses permitted in 
new steel, but in some instances there were holes in 
webs of girders and in other sections of flange plates 
were non-existent. The work will be completed in 
1940. 

Proposed Project. 
In October, 1939, a project was submitted to the 
W. P. A. for work at the South Ferry drops, head house 
and meter room, Boston and East Boston sides; repair- 
ing fire damage, painting and repairing, rebuilding drop 
suspension ancl floor system. It is expected that 
approval of this project will be given and that work 
will be started early in 1940. 

Federal Emergency Administration of Public 
Works. 

Docket 1584-F. 
In 1938 the city was given a grant by the Government, 
not to exceed $119,250, for bridge alterations as follows: 



18 City Document No. 24. 

Altering and strengthening Boylston Street Bridge; 
rebuilding Berkeley Street Bridge and rebuilding Albany 
Street Bridge, at a total estimated cost of $265,000. 

Work was immediately started on plan and specifica- 
tions and on December 20, 1938, a contract was approved 
by the Mayor with the Interstate Construction Com- 
pany, Inc., for '^ Altering and Strengthening the Boylston 
Street Bridge, over the Boston & Albany Railroad." 
The work was completed July 20, 1939, at a cost of 
$73,764.87. 

On December 29, 1938, the Mayor approved a con- 
tract with J. J. Callahan for ''Removing Deck from the 
Berkeley Street Bridge, over the Boston & Albany 
Railroad." The work was completed January 3, 1939, 
at a cost of $398.88. 

On December 29, 1938, the Mayor approved a con- 
tract with Maurice M. Devine, Inc., for "Grouting a 
Wall at the Albany Street Bridge, over the Boston & 
Albany Railroad." The work was completed January 
12, 1939, at a cost of $880. 

On February 7, 1939, the Mayor approved a con- 
tract with the Raymond Concrete Pile Company for 
"Making Wash Borings at the Albany Street and 
Berkeley Street Bridges, over the Boston & Albany 
Railroad." The work was completed February 21, 
1939, at a cost of $364.47. 

On February 14, 1939, the Mayor approved a con- 
tract with Bernard F. Hanrahan for "Digging a Test 
Pit at the Berkeley Street Bridge, over the Boston & 
Albany Railroad." The work was completed February 
17, 1939, at a cost of $575. 

On April 11, 1939, the Mayor approved a contract 
with the Planet Contracting Company for "Repairing 
Abutments and Wing Walls of the Albany Street 
Bridge, over the Boston & Albany Railroad." The 
work was completed May 8, 1939, at a cost of $714.38. 

On April 5, 1939, the Mayor approved a contract 
with Coleman Brothers Corporation for "Rebuilding 
the Berkeley Street Bridge, over the Boston & Albany 
Railroad." The work was completed November 29, 
1939, at a cost of $61,289.42. 

On May 20, 1939, the Mayor approved a contract 
with V. J. Grande Company for "Rebuilding the Albany 
Street Bridge, over the Boston & Albany Railroad." 
The work was completed November 28, 1939, at a 
cost of $74,734.77. 



Public Works Department. 19 

Test pits were made by Martin J. Kelley on Albany 
Street Bridge, over the Boston & Albany Railroad. 
The cost amounted to $833.71 and was paid on bills. 

The most important works undertaken during the 
past year in the Bridge and Ferry Division were the 
rebuilding of Albany Street Bridge; the rebuilding of 
Berkeley Street Bridge; altering and strengthening the 
Boylston Street Bridge; strengthening the draw founda- 
tion of Meridian Street Bridge; repairing the draw 
span of Summer Street Bridge, over Fort Point Channel ; 
repairing hull, etc., of ferryboats ''Charles C. Donoghue" 
and "Ralph J. Palumbo," and repairing machinery, 
etc., of ferryboat ''Ralph J, Palumbo"; constructing 
and maintaining signs, Sumner Traffic Tunnel; repairs 
to fenders and slips, Fort Hill Disposal Station. 

Bridge Service. 

Albany Street Bridge Over Boston & Albany Railroad 
Freight Tracks. 

The old Albany Street Bridge over the Boston & 
Albany Railroad freight tracks built in 1887 was a 
wrought-iron through truss structure with wooden deck 
and sidewalks outside of the two trusses. Due to 
corrosion of the iron of the main members which were 
exposed to the flue gases of the locomotives and also 
to the increased weight of the vehicles used in trans- 
portation, it was decided to reduce the loads on the 
trusses and floor beams by removing the sidewalks 
from the outside and relocating them on the inside of 
the trusses, thereby reducing the width of the roadway 
from 27 feet between curbs to 18| feet. At the same 
time this bridge was posted, prohibiting the crossing 
of any vehicle whose gross weight, including load, 
exceeded 8 tons. 

In the interest of safety the Mayor approved a con- 
tract on May 20, 1939, for removing the old structure 
and building a new bridge of adequate strength for 
existing and probable future loadings. Work on this 
project started on June 7, 1939, and was completed on 
November 24, 1939, at a cost of $73,688.90. 

The new bridge is a conventional through truss type, 
carrying a roadway 34 feet and 5 inches between curbs 
and with two 5-foot granolithic sidewalks located 
outside of the trusses. The floor system consists of 
steel floor beams, 3 feet apart, which support a rein- 



20 City Document No. 24. 

forced concrete deck slab on which is laid a hot asphalt 
concrete wearing surface on the roadway; all steel 
striictiirals below the deck are encased in concrete 
for protection, and over the railroad tracks wrought- 
iron plate blast guards are secured to the underside 
of the bridge deck to protect the concrete. 

While the old abutments were built over fifty years 
ago, they are still sound and show no failure or settle- 
ment ; for this reason when the new bridge was erected 
the only work done on the abutments was a repointing 
of the masonry joints and the addition of concrete lifts 
at the bridge seats to take the new landings. 

One of the most difficult problems facing the city in 
connection with the maintenance of the older truss 
bridges over railroad tracks results from corrosion of 
the bottom chords which, in some cases, are below the 
bridge floor, and are therefore, exposed to the corrosive 
action of the flue gases of the locomotives. With this 
condition in mind the bottom chords of the trusses of 
the new bridge are well above the deck where they may 
be protected and maintained at a minimum cost and 
only the floor beams and the lower parts of the hangers 
project below the bridge deck. In this way the most 
expensive repairs possible to the whole bridge in the 
future will be limited to renewals of floor beams and 
hangers. 

Berkeley Street Bridge Over Boston & Albany Railroad. 

The original bridge built in 1891, was a partial through 
girder bridge, with, a span of 125 feet between abut- 
ments and a width of SO feet, the deck of which was 
carried on floor beams which in turn w^as framed into 
girders ; two of these were in the middle of the roadway 
with a space between which was utilized as a pipe 
crossing for water and gas mains. The steel floor 
beams and wooden stringers carrying the wooden deck 
as originally designed were overstressed by present 
loadings even without considering deterioration due to 
age and the action of flue gases. 

After serious consideration of all conditions existing 
at the bridge it was evident that a new structure was 
necessary. On April 5, 1939, the Mayor approved a 
contract for this project and on November 29, 1939, 
the whole of the contract work was completed, at a cost 
of S55, 160.48. 

Since the northerly abutment, which was a masonry 



Public Works Department. 21 

structure, showed signs of failure, a new concrete abut- 
ment was designed and built on piles; the original piles 
were found in good condition, so that the only addi- 
tional new piles driven were placed to give the required 
bearing value necessary for the new abutment and 
loadings. 

The southerly end of the bridge is supported on a 
pier between the New York, New Haven & Hartford 
tracks and those of the Boston & Albany Railroad; 
this pier also supports the northerly end of the bridge 
over the New Haven tracks. Due to a slight change of 
grade the seats for the new floor beams required a 
concrete lift on the top of the pier as built. 

The new bridge is a deck structure with the roadway 
and sidewalks supported directly on floor beams span- 
ning from the southerly bridge seat on the pier to the 
new northerly abutment. The deck of the bridge is 
of reinforced concrete with a hot asphalt concrete 
pavement on the roadway and granolithic sidewalks. 
All floor beams are encased in concrete for protection 
and wrought-iron blast guards are secured to the under- 
side of the deck to protect the concrete from the blast 
of locomotives passing below. Incidental to the build- 
ing of the new bridge all services crossing the bridge 
were abandoned on the structure with the exception of 
a gas main w^hich was installed between two of the 
floor beams located at about the center of the roadway; 
the electric service and signal service cables were drawn 
in ducts which were laid under the railroad tracks on 
the easterly side of the bridge. 

All work under this contract was conducted and 
completed without interruption to the train service of 
the railroad. 

Boylston Street Bridge. 

The Boylston Street Bridge is a partial through truss 
type with a span of 216 feet, a wudth 80 feet between 
street lines and is built on a sharp skew of 71 degrees. 

While the cause of the difficulty of maintaining a safe 
and satisfactory wearing surface on the roadway of this 
bridge has been appreciated since 1927, when tlie 
Boston Elevated Railway abandoned its street 
car tracks, it was not until December 20, 1938, 
that action was taken to obviate the trouble. On that 
date the Mayor approved a contract with the Inter- 
state Construction Company to make extensive repairs 



22 City Document No. 24. 

to the deck system, lay a complete new deck and side- 
walk system, remodel the main trusses and paint the 
structural steel. 

After the removal of the wooden deck and wooden 
stringers, the condition of the steel floor beams, bracing 
and hangers was found worse than anticipated due to 
the action of the flue gases from the locomotives passing 
below. In order to make satisfactory repairs to these 
members, 39 tons of new steel plates were installed, 
4,600 field rivets driven, 6,800 linear feet of fillet welds 
made, 5,400 plug welds and 2,600 tons of wrought- 
iron blast guards installed. On the completion of steel 
repairs, the floor beams were covered with a coating 
of gunite, similar to the original treatment of the 
beams, in order to retard corrosion action of flue gases 
to a minimum. 

Since the remodeling of this bridge in 1908, where 
provision was made to carry street cars, this structure 
was probably unique in that there were really two 
distinct and separate bridges carried on the abutments. 
This end was accomplished by building inside of each 
of the double-pony trusses of the original bridge, a 
simple-pony truss which carried the additional floor 
beams necessary to take the loads of the street cars, 
included with the direct street-car loadings was the 
deck areas between the rails and the ''dummy" between 
the tracks. By keeping the stringers carrying the 
street cars and the deck areas between free from the 
original floor beams of the so-called highway bridge, 
and making open joints in the wooden deck and wear- 
ing surface of the roadway running the length of the 
bridge and located just outside of each of the outer 
rails of the street car tracks, each of the two bridges 
had free and independent deflection due to its own 
loading. After the removal of the street car rails in 
1927, due to the free deflection of each of the structures, 
it was impossible to maintain a satisfactory deck and 
wearing surface on the roadway at a reasonable cost. 

In order to eliminate this condition it was necessary 
to connect the highway and the street-car bridge trusses 
in such manner that they would act together and not 
independently. After a consideration of the stresses 
in the various members of the bridge resulting from 
such a change, it was decided that the desired results 
would be attained by welding short struts or fillers 
between bottom chords of the street-car trusses and 
transoms in the highway trusses. 



Public Works Department. 23 

The expansion ends of the trusses were originally 
on nests of rollers so located that, due to exposure, 
they soon rusted and ceased to operate as rollers; this 
caused unnecessary stresses in the bottom chords of the 
trusses. To assure satisfactory provision for tempera- 
ture changes, expansion joints made up of self-lubricat- 
ing bronze plates shding on machined steel plates 
were installed. 

The new decking of the roadway was laid essentially 
as the original, namely, a 4-inch tongued and grooved 
plank secured to wooden stringers. The new wearing 
surface, however, was a hot asphalt concrete at least two 
inches thick. 

On account of a requirement that all work called for 
under the contract must be accomplished without inter- 
fering with train service of the railroad, much of the 
difficult work on the main members was done nights, 
between midnight and dawn. All work called for was 
completed on July 20, 1939, at a cost of $73,764.87. 

In closing it might be stated that from observation to 
date all changes have produced satisfactory results. 

Meridian Street Bridge. 

The draw foundation of this bridge consists of a 
concrete block about twenty-seven by thirty-one feet 
by six feet thick, heavily reinforced by beams and rods, 
supported on wooden piles. Due to the depth of the 
Chelsea creek at this point about thirty feet of the 
upper part of these piles are unsupported, with the 
result that there is but little lateral stiffness in the 
structure. 

In April, one of the larger oil tankers in passing, 
bore against the center pier and pushed it in a northerly 
direction so far that emergency repairs were required 
to get the draw in condition to operate temporarily, 
until more permanent repairs could be accomplished. 

On May 29, 1939, the Mayor approved a contract 
to stiffen the draw foundation by driving a series of 
new piles on the northerly side and by bracing and 
blocking against the existing foundation, giving added 
lateral stiffness. 

In order to reduce to a minimum the interference to 
vehicular traffic, all piles were driven in one night, 
between one and five o'clock in the morning. The 
work of securing, bracing and blocking was completed 
shortly after. 



: t 



24 City Document No. 24. 

All work under this contract was completed on June 
30, 1939, at a cost of $1,943. 

Summer Street Bridge Over Fort Point Channel. 

On December 30, 1939, the Mayor approved a con- 
tract with A. Orlando, Inc., to make extensive repairs 
to the draw foundations and to lay new decks on the 
draw leaves. The work will be completed about June 
15, 1940. 

Sanitary Division. 

Fort Hill Disposal Station. 

Upon the application of the Sanitary Division, this 
division drew up and supervised the work done under 
an advertised contract with W. H. Ellis & Son Co., 
which was approved by the Mayor on June 14, 1939, 
for repairs to fenders and slips of this station. 

This work is of a routine nature, since the constant 
passage of dump scows wear away and break the 
ribbons in the slips and the pile fenders at the channel 
face. 

Under this contract about 1,300 linear feet of piles 
were driven, and the total cost was $2,712.28. Work 
was completed on August 3, 1939. 

Day Labor Force. 

The day labor force patched and replaced deck sheath- 
ing, headers and sidewalk planking on various bridges; 
repaired platforms, refastened treads; cleaned and 
painted drawhouses and shelter houses; made repairs to 
drawhouses and controller houses; added to and de- 
ducted from counterweights; repaired steps; removed 
snow and ice from bridges and sanded same; repaired 
piers, painted fences and gates; did general carpenter 
work and painting and made mechanical repairs, etc., 
patched sidewalks and roadways of following bridges: 
Albany Street, Broadway, Broadway Extension, Blue 
Hill Avenue, Boston Street, Bennington Street, Byron 
Street, Blakemore Street, Cambridge Street, Charles- 
town, Congress Street, Chelsea Viaduct, Chelsea North, 
Chelsea South, Cummins Highway, Central Avenue, 
Dorchester Avenue, Dover Street, Dorchester Avenue 
(over railroad), Dana Avenue, Everett Street, Fair- 
mount Avenue, Harvard Street, Hyde Park Avenue, 



Public Works Department. 25 

L Street, Maiden, Meridian Street, Milton Lower IVIills, 
Mystic Avenue, Northern Avenue, New Allen Street, 
Norfolk Street, Perkins Street, Summer Street, South- 
hampton Street, Sprague Street, West Fourth Street, 
Winthrop, Wordsworth Street, etc. Also repaired wood 
block paving, patched headers, fences, steps, platforms, 
etc., at Broadway Bridge, Braddock Park Footbridge, 
Blakemore Street Bridge, Chelsea South Bridge, Charles- 
town Bridge, Chelsea Street Bridge, Dover Street 
Bridge, Gove Street Bridge, Jones Avenue Footbridge, 
Maiden Bridge, Aleridian Street Bridge, Perkins Street 
Footbridge, ToUgate Way Footbridge, Webster Street 
Footbridge, refastened treads at various bridges, painted 
drawhouses (inside and out), repaired and rebuilt gates 
at various bridges, repaired floats, built and repaired 
sand boxes, rebuilt coal bins at various bridges, repaired 
boats, patched decking under granite block paving at 
various bridges; built new gate at Warren Bridge, 
adjusted counterbalance at Congress Street Bridge, set 
glass at various drawhouses, built tw^o gates at yard, 
painted lockers at various drawbridges, built new gates 
at Warren Bridge, made repairs to piers at various 
bridges, repaired gear house and adjusted counter- 
balance at Granite Avenue Bridge, painted Ipswich 
Street Bridge, built and painted new gate at L Street 
Bridge, placed new high curb timber at Maiden Bridge; 
made miscellaneous small repairs at various bridges. 

Another duty of this division during the winter 
months was the supervising and inspecting of snow 
loading and removal from areas 2 and 7, in common 
with other divisions of the department. This work 
was done under contract. 

The maintenance force, together with welfare men, 
cleaned the bridge sidewalks and steps in the intown 
areas, of snow and other refuse during the entire year. 

Electrical and machinery maintenance was taken care 
of by the electricians and machinists. 

Miscellaneous. 
In the course of the year part of the activities of the 
office force were taken up in w^ork for other divisions and 
departments of the city. While these efforts, spread 
over the entire period, did not require a considerable 
amount of time, the nature of the work was of an 
advisory and investigating nature. 



26 



City Document No. 24. 



Ferry Service. 
The following ferryboats are in commission: 



Name. 


When Built. 


Length. 


Gross Tons. 


Charles C. Donoghue 

Daniel A. MacCormack 

Ralph J. Palumbo 


1926 
1926 
1930 


174 feet 4 inches 
174 " 4 inches 
174 " 4 inches 


756.77 
756.77 
779 



All these boats are of the propeller type and are all 
steel boats. 

The work of this service for the year consisted of the 
following : 

Ferryboat ^^ Charles C. Donoghue." 
On May 9, 1939, the Mayor approved a contract with 
the Quincy Dry Dock and Yacht Corporation to make 
certain repairs to the hull and machinery of this boat, 
all incidental to the annual United States Steamboat 
Inspection Rules and Regulations. 

At this time such other work as painting and repairs 
to the hull, main engines, boilers and auxiliaries was 
done to reasonably assure keeping the boat in service 
for the following year. Included in the work, other 
than normal repairs to the hull seams, rivets and ap- 
pendages, was the rebabbitting of four crank pin and six 
main bearing boxes, the truing up of four main piston 
rods and four main valve stems and the relaying of two 
hundred and seventy-six square feet of asbestolith 
flooring. 

Work was completed on this contract on June 26, 
1939, at a cost of $9,782.20. 

Ferryboat "Ralph J. Palumbo." 
Due to lack of a sufficient number of shipyards with 
facilities for taking ferryboats out of water for hull re- 
pairs, it was decided when the papers of the ''Ralph J. 
Palumbo" expired, that the annual repairs to the boat 
would be accomplished under two contracts; one 
embracing all work to the vessel which would necessitate 
taking the ship out of water and another contract, 
which might attract more competitive proposals, for 
doing all other work on the hull, superstructure and 
machinery. 



Public Works Department. 27 

On September 23, 1939, the Mayor approved a con- 
tract with the Quincy Dry Dock and Yacht Corpora- 
tion for repairing the hull system, etc., of the ship. 
Work under this contract was completed on October 14, 
1939, at a cost of $3,506.80. 

On November 7, 1939, the Mayor approved a contract 
with the Quincy Dry Dock and Yacht Corporation, for 
repairing the machinery, etc., of the ship. Included in 
the machine work was the rebabbitting of six main 
bearings and four main crank pin boxes and the truing 
up of four main piston rods and six main valve stems. 
Work under this contract was completed on December 
5, 1939, at a cost of $2,745. 

Department Force. 

During the year machinists, carpenters, painters, 
riggers and electricians, who are included in the per- 
sonnel of the Ferry Service, made all repairs possible to 
the plant to the extent of equipment at their disposal. 
This work consisted mainly of minor repairs to the 
machinery on the boats, repairs to ferry bridge ma- 
chinery, ferry bridge roadways and head house repairs 
in general. 

Sumner Tunnel. 

Summary of Work During 1939. 

1. Tollmen-Guards. — On November 1, 1939, a six- 
day working week WTnt into effect for the Tollmen- 
Guards. Previous to this time all Tollmen-Guards 
worked a seven-day week. This change in working 
hours meant the additional employment of three men. 

2. Oil Trucks.— Oil trucks carrying fuel oil were 
allowed the use of the tunnel on and after November 15, 
1939. This action was brought about after several 
meetings at the office of the Commissioner of Public 
Works. Present at the meetings were the Commis- 
sioner of PubHc Works, the Division Engineer of the 
Bridge-Ferry-Tunnel Service, the Traffic Commissioner, 
members of the Boston Fire Department, the City of 
Boston Chemist, and the State Fire Marshal. 

3. Toll Registering.^ Eight (8) treadles have been 
overhauled and repaired during the past year. All 
treadles in actual service are tested monthly for insula- 
tion resistance, and also given a pressure test. 



28 



City Document No. 24. 



All Toll Registers and Key Boxes are under constant 
supervision, and are maintained in good working 
condition at all times. 

4. Traffic Signals. — All traffic signal relays and con- 
trol stations are regularly inspected and adjusted; and 
repairs made to controls as needed. Several new 
switch mechanisms have been installed at various 
control stations. All broken glass and signal lenses 
have been replaced. 

5. Telephone System. — All broken handsets, induc- 
tion coils and other repairs have been made as needed. 
Main telephone switchboard relays have been adjusted 
and tested. 

6. Administration Building. — Fluorescent lighting 
has been installed over the counter in the Cashier's Office. 

Two Standard Air Conditioning Company ''Air Pilots" 
have been installed in the Cashier's Office to increase 
ventilation. 

Additions have been made to the burglar alarm 
system. 

7. Tunnel — General. — All catch-basins, sumps, sewers 
and pump rooms have been cleaned twice during the year. 

Roadway repairs to paving were made as needed 
about three times during the past year. 

Tunnel walls and roadway and ceiling are washed 
once each week. 

The hand rail, fire extinguisher niches, and other 
steel work in the Tunnel have been cleaned and given 
a protective coating of paint. 

8. Fires.- — During the year there were three fires in 
the Tunnel to passenger cars. Two of these cars were 
driven out by the owners, and one towed out. The 
damage to all cars was very slight, with no injuries to 
their operators. 

9. Booth Red Signal. — In case of fire, accident, or a 
serious wreck in the Tunnel, the guards on duty in the 
Tunnel can operate this signal, which stops all traffic 
from entering the Tunnel at the toll booths. 

During the year, "Booth Red" was used six times; 
once by mistake, once for test, once for a fire, and the 
other three times for some accident in the Tunnel. 





1935. 


1936. 


1937. 


1938. 


1939. 


Booth-Red number of times used 

Total minutes duration. . 


38 
331 


17 
107 


20 

87 


13 

77 


6 
52 







Public Works Department. 



29 



10. Garage Service. — During the year 1939, there 
were 288 towing jobs. 





I93S. 


1936. 


1937. 


1938. 


1939. 




4.56 


208 


.357 


341 


288 





11. Accidents. — During the year 1939, there were 
nine traffic accidents in the Tunnel. In two of these 
accidents, four persons received minor hospital treat- 
ment. Damage to all cars was of a minor nature. 

12. Vehicular Traffic. — During the year 1939, the 
number of vehicles using the Tunnel totaled 5,936,007. 



Traffic Summary. 



1934. 



1936. 



Total for year. . . 
Monthly average 
Weekly average. . 
Daily average. . . 

Total for year. . . 
Monthly average 
Weekly average. . 
Daily average 



1,096,377 


6,606,838 


182,729 


550,569 


42,168 


127,053 


.5,926 


18,101 



5,216,742 

434,728 

100,322 

14,292 



1937. 


1938. 


5,350,929 


5,.543,302 


445,810 


461,942 


102,902 


106,602 


14,660 


15,187 



1939. 



5,936,007 

494,667 

114,154 

16,263 



13. Carbon Monoxide Equipment and Recording. — 
The carbon monoxide recording and cahbrating equip- 
ment is regularly inspected, adjusted and calibrated, 
and is working correctly. 

14. Motor Generators and Batteries. — All four motor 
generators are in good working condition. These 
machines are regularly cleaned and painted, com- 
mutators cleaned, and new brushes installed. 

The power batteries are inspected and tested monthly 
by the maintenance men. A representative of the 
Philco Battery Company has notified this office that 
these batteries are in very good condition. 

15. Fire Protection. — All empty and discharged ex- 
tinguishers have been refilled as needed. The yearly 



30 



City Document No. 24. 



inspection of all fire extinguishers used in the Tunnel and 
buildings was made in June. 

16. Exhaust Air Duct. — The cleaning and removal 
of all dust and dirt from the exhaust air duct over the 
Tunnel roadway was completed during the late fall 
months. 

17. Ventilating Fans and Motors. — All fans and 
motors have been cleaned and painted. All damper 
motors and operating mechanisms have been adjusted 
and tested as needed. All fan controllers have been 
painted, inspected and overhauled. Fan housings have 
been cleaned and given a protective coating of paint. 
Exhaust fan rooms have all been cleaned. 

18. Fan Operatiofi. — In each ventilating building 
there are seven blower and seven exhaust fans, a total 
of twenty-eight. These fans are operated by a Lincoln 
Motor, A. C, 460-Volt; 61-50 H. P.; 225/450 R. P. M. 
A summary of fan hours is given for the past year : 



1937. 



1938. 



1939. 



Fan hours on low speed. . 
Fan hours on high speed. 



122,404 
11,220 



126,630 
9,262 



130,898 

10,779 



19. Power. — The electrical power for the Tunnel is 
supplied by the Boston Edison Company at 13,800 
volts through four lines; two of these lines supply the 
Boston Ventilation Building, and two supply the East 
Boston Ventilation Building. This power is used in 
the operation of fans, heating, lighting, pumps and 
elevators, etc. 

Consumption of Power. 





1935. 


1936. 


1937. 


Total kilowatt hour.s .... 


2,724,090 

$36,631 39 

6,606,838 


2,698,852 

$38,472 28 

5,216,742 


2 766,850 


Cost of power 


$38,607 68 


Total traffic 


5,350,929 







1938. 



1939. 



Total kilowatt hours. 
Cost of power 

Total traffic 



2,843,914 

$39,921 23 

5,543,302 



2,965,340 

$40,804 84 

5,936,007 



Public Works Department. 31 

20. Miscellaneous. — Repairs to broken letters, and 
the replacing of transformers in the Neon signs were 
made as needed. 

Yearly inspection and adjustments were made by the 
Colonial Beacon Oil Company to the oil burners located 
in Boston and in East Boston. 

A broken water service at the East Boston Ventilation 
Building was replaced and repaired. This was caused 
by a settHng of the ground in this area. 

Several times during the past year all electrical man- 
holes were pumped out and inspected, and were found 
to be in a satisfactory condition. 

Yours respectfully, 

Thomas H. Sexton, 

Division Engineer. 



32 



City Document No. 24. 



BRIDGE SERVICE. 



Financial Statement 1939. 

Expenditures from Maintenance Appropriations. 

Boston bridges $416,060 86 

Boston and Cambridge bridges . 4,837 57 

$420,898 43 

Total Expenditures. 
From maintenance appropriations . $420,898 43 
From special appropriation . . 231,430 41 

$652,232 84 



Administration : 




Salaries : 




Division engineer 


$3,000 00 


Engineers and draftsmen 


41,787 48 


Clerks 


5,200 00 


Blueprinters 


2,300 00 


Inspectors .... 


2,967 93 


Foreman .... 


2,500 00 


Veterans' pensions . 


1,000 00 


Holidays and vacations . 


3,330 93 


Injured employees 


22 00 


Printing, postage and st 


a- 


tionery .... 


$899 66 


Traveling expenses . 


267 55 


Telephone .... 


3 50 


Engineers' instruments, new ai 


id 


repaired .... 


189 96 


Typewriter inspection 


16 50 


Repair Ditto machine 


3 00 


Photographs 


17 95 


Supplies and miscellaneous 


64 60 


Yard and Stockroom : 




Yard: 




Clerk and watchmen 


$7,632 41 


Traveling expenses . 


264 45 



,108 34 



1,462 72 
,571 06 



Carried forward 



$7,896 86 



Public Works Department. 



33 



Brought forward 
Tools, new and repaired 
Telephone . 
Repairs in yard . 
Supplies 
Auto equipment 

Stockroom : 

Stock purchased 
Stock used . 

Increase in stock 



$7,896 86 
733 44 
157 28 
195 59 
801 66 
5,776 21 



$14,268 65 
13,388 32 



$15,561 04 



880 33 



,441 37 



Tidewater Bridges, 1939. 





Drawtenders' 
Salaries. 


Mechanics' 
Wages. 


Material. 


Repair 
Bills. 


Supplies. 


Total. 


Broadway 


$16,209 59 
24,458 35 
19,990 76 
19,409 57 
19,679 83 
18,532 94 
16,517 20 
15,723 44 
17,924 17 
18,091 47 
18,018 67 
19,647 23 
18,461 29 
17,304 40 


$1,423 74 

3,813 81 

1,196 26 

1,157 86 

638 35 

848 09 

1,690 90 

911 84 

1,093 69 

3,330 64 

4,108 51 

2,091 50 

2,196 02 

1,718 89 


$583 95 

1,165 92 

121 36 

266 17 

95 58 

158 62 

1,262 82 
134 11 
279 21 

1,565 17 
909 33 
721 47 
877 96 
346 56 


$137 82 
655 59 

1,708 37 

1,019 27 
414 27 
243 47 
503 89 
146 44 
129 54 
354 68 

1,147 74 
997 48 
870 80 
990 35 


$282 01 
421 64 

1,343 34 
589 59 
502 84 
433 51 
292 65 
253 36 
396 28 
608 76 
327 29 
2,946 74 
485 21 
357 25 


$18,637 11 
30,515 31 
24,360 09 
22,442 46 
21,330 87 
20,216 63 
20,267 46 
17,169 19 
19,822 89 
23,950 72 
24,511 54 
26,404 42 
22,891 28 
20 717 45 


Charlestown 

Chelsea North 


Chelsea South 


Chelsea Street 


Congress Street 

Dorchester Avenue 

Dover Street 


L Street * 




Meridian Street 

Northern Avenue 

Summer Street 


Warren 






Totals. . . 


$259,968 91 


$26,220 10 


$8,488 23 


$9,319 71 


$9,240 47 


$313 237 42 







* Summer Street over Reserved Channel. 



34 



City Document No. 24. 



Bridges — Inland. 



Labor 

and 

Materials. 


$171 


07 


35 


00 


21 


38 


24 


60 


57 


66 


228 


66 


1,383 


99 


313 63 


88 22 


36 


48 


181 


41 


928 03 


7 


00 


135 


32 


115 


45 


352 


32 


312 


21 


107 


43 


412 


74 


304 31 


68 72 


300 00 


983 


87 


939 


12 


300 24 


584 65 


153 


92 


35 00 


56 


38 


1,059 


98 


160 38 


35 


00 


539 


39 


96 


75 


204 


30 


117 


76 



Albany Street 

Arlington Street 

Austin Street — Prison Point 

Beacon Street over Boston & Albany Railroad 

Berkeley Street 

Blakemore Street 

Blue Hill Avenue 

Boston Street 

Bennington Street 

Boylston Street 

Braddock Park — FoUen Street (Foot) 

Broadway over Boston & Albany Railroad 

Brookline Avenue 

Byron Street 

Cambridge Street over Boston & Maine Railroad 

Central Avenue 

Chelsea Street over Viaduct 

Commercial Point 

Cummins Highway 

Cottage Farm 

Dana Avenue 

Dartmouth Street (Rent) 

Dorchester .\ venue over Railroad 

Everett Street 

Fairmount Avenue 

Gove Street (Foot) 

Granite Avenue 

Harvard Street 

Hyde Park Avenue 

Ipswich Street 

Jones Avenue (Foot) 

Massachusetts Avenue over New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad 

Milton Lower Mills 

Mount Washington Avenue 

Mystic Avenue 

Norfolk Street 

Carried forward 



$10,852 37 



Public Works Department. 



35 



Bridqes — Inland. 



Labor 

and 

Materials. 


»10.852 


37 


384 05 


81 


16 


364 


08 


238 


40 


7 


00 


5 


00 


1 


68 


31 


58 


145 33 


518 


32 


195 


76 


871 


85 


227 86 


2,925 


00 


2,517 


32 


2,722 


61 


659 


98 


61 


66 


$22,811 01 



Brought forward 

New Allen Street 

Perkins Street (Foot) 

Sprague Street 

Southampton Street 

Saratoga Street 

Summer Street over A Street 

Summer Street over B Street 

Tremont Street 

Toll Gate Way (Foot) 

Webster Street 

Wordsworth Street 

West Fourth Street 

Winthrop 

Cleaning bridges 

Snow removal and sanding bridges 

Dorchester Avenue, W. P A 

Project 18869, History of Boston bridges. 
Other services 



Total . 



Summary. 



Administration 
Yard and stockroom 
Tidewater bridges 
Inland bridges 



Boston and Cambridge bridges 
Total .... 



$63,571 06 

16,441 37 

313,237 42 

22,811 01 

$416,060 86 
4,837 57 



$420,898 43 



36 City Document No. 24. 



Bridges, Repairs, Etc. 

Beacon Street Bridge over Boston & Albany Railroad: 

Relocate two lamps $522 30 

Charlestown Bridge : 

Hayes Pump and Machinery Company . $329 40 

Adjust counter rods 256 00 

Repairs to turnbuckles .... 368 37 

Analysis of paint 50 00 

1,003 77 

Chelsea Street Bridge: 

Adjust counterweights 170 00 

Cummins Highway: 

Repairs to roadway 97 99 

Dorchester Avenue Bridge: 

Repairs to piles and girder caps . . $612 43 

Advertising 12 00 

624 43 

Everett Street Bridge: 

Material — lumber 369 60 

Harvard Street Bridge: 

Rebuilding cost 1,857 21 

Irvington Street Bridge: 

West End Iron Works 598 05 

Maiden Bridge: 

Adjusting counterweights 619 54 

Meridian Street Bridge: 

W. H. Ellis Son Company .... $1,943 00 
Repairs to fender guards .... 884 21 

Repairs to steel work 348 20 

Advertising 8 10 

License 2 00 

Diver 100 00 

3,285 51 

Norfolk Street Bridge: 

Rebuilding by New York, New Haven & Hartford Rail- 
road, 28.9 per cent 3,218 27 

Northern Avenue Bridge: 

Flashing around trusses 400 40 

Summer Street Bridge: 

Repair to steel work $254 89 

Remove broken gears and install new . 267 16 

New spur gear 85 00 

607 05 

Warren Bridge: 

West End Iron Works 9,869 55 

Total $23,243 67 



Public Works Department. 



37 



Bridges, Reconstruction and Repair of, P. W. A. 

Albany Street Bridge: 

V. J. Grande Company .... $66,320 01 

Planet Contracting Company . . 714 38 

Raymond Concrete Pile Company . . 187 15 

Maurice M. Devine 880 00 

Inspection of rivets 60 00 

Test pits 833 71 

Advertising 336 55 

Printing contracts and specifications . 474 24 

Supplies 34 21 

Traveling expense 101 76 

Engineering 3,143 09 



Boylston Street Bridge: 

Interstate Construction Company 

Inspection of material 

Memorial tablets . 

Printing . 

Advertising 

Supplies 

Engineering 



Berkeley Street Bridge: 

Coleman Brothers Corporation . 
J. J. Callahan .... 
B. F. Hanrahan .... 
Raymond Concrete Pile Company 

Printing 

Advertising 

Traveling expenses 

Supplies 

Engineering 



$73,764 87 


299 09 


67 00 


284 91 


79 35 


20 92 


1,718 30 


$55,160 48 


398 88 


575 00 


177 32 


369 01 


170 30 


48 36 


44 74 


1,933 11 



Total 



$73,085 10 



76,224 44 



58,877 20 
$208,186 74 



SUMMARY. 
Expenditures from Special Appropriations. 





Balances 
from 
1938. 


Total Credits, 

Including 

Balances 

Carried Over 

and Transfers. 


Expended 

During 

1939. 


Balances 

Unexpended 

December 31, 

1939. 


Bridges, repairs, etc 

Bridges, reconstruction and 
repair of , P. W. A 

Chelsea Street and Eastern 
Avenue Bridge, chapter 
366, Acts 1933, as 


$31,981 63 

16,020 55 
6,198 41 


$55,481 63 
230,750 00 

10,020 55 

6,198 41 


$23,243 67 
208,186 74 


$32,237 96 
22,563 26 


Northern Avenue Bridge, 
reconstruction, chapter 
366, Acts 1933, as 








Totals 


$.54,100 59 


$308,4.50 59 


$231,4.30 41 


$54,801 22 







1 $16,020.55 expended for retirement of debt. 

2 $6,198.41 expended for retirement of debt. 



38 



City Document No. 24. 



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39 





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40 City Document No. 24. 

FERRY SERVICE. 

Financial Statement for the Year Ending 

December 31, 1939. 

I. Receipts. 

Total cash receipts during the year ^ . . $25,213 64 

Cash in hands of tollmen at beginning of year, 40 00 



Cash paid over to City Collector 

Cash in hands of tolhnen December 31, 1939, 



2. Appropriations and Expenditures. 

Received from annual appropriations for Ferry 
Service 



$25,253 64 


$25,128 64 
125 00 


$25,253 64 


$227,223 36 


$8,374 58 
966 00 


$7,408 58 



Unexpended balances from special appropria- 
tions, January 1, 1939 

Expenditures 

Unexpended balances from special appropria- 
tions, January 31, 1939 

3. Result of Operation for the Year. 

Receipts for the year (net income) . . . $25,128 64 
Ordinary expense (maintenance 

appropriations) .... $225,306 81 

Interest paid on ferry debt . . 10,000 00 

Depreciation on ferry boats . 44,398 96 
Decrease in value of machinery 

and tools 90 50 

Decrease in value of real estate, 

land and buildings 2 . . . 144,000 00 



$493,796 27 
Increase in value of supplies on 

hand 381 13 



Net outgo for year 493,415 14 

Net loss for year ' $468,286 50 



1 Includes $85 cash receipts, deducted from tolls and sent to tollhouses: Tollmen's capital. 

* Assessors' estimate. 

' Does not include expenditures for Special Appropriation. 



Public Works Department. 



41 





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42 



City Document No. 24. 



Balance Sheet for Year 1939. 

Assets. 

Cash, tollman's capital 

Rents receivable 

Supplies in stock 

City Treasurer (balance of special appropriation) 

Ferryboats (less depreciation) 

Machinery and tools 

Real estate, land and buildings (assessors' valuation) 

Damages receivable 

City Treasurer (balance of annual appropriation) 



Cost of avenues, etc., East Boston (previous to 1871) 
Deficiency of assets (loss) 



$125 00 

794 00 

16,737 50 

7,408 58 

380,831 11 

3,017 00 

466,100 00 

325 00 

2,021 62 

$877,359 81 

1315,815 68 

17,347,653 15 



Total $18,540,828 64 



Liabilities. 
Capital invested by City of Boston to date 
Appropriations account (credit balances) 
Rehef projects 



$18,531,398 44 
7,408 58 
2,021 62 



Total $18,540,828 64 

Details of Capital Invested by the City of Boston. 
Total expenditures to date per ferry books .... $27,091,771 00 
Interest of debt for the year (per City Auditor's reports) . 10,000 00 

Interest previous years, etc. (net debits, per Citv Auditor's 

reports) "... 388,988 85 

Total expenditures $27,491,759 85 

Deduct total receipts paid to City Collector . . . 8,960,361 41 

Excess expenditures, capital $18,531,398 44 



Comparison of Receipts, Appropriations and Expenditures. 

Receipts. 



From foot passengers (tollmen) 
From foot passengers (office sales) 
From team tickets (office sales) 
From strip team tickets (tollmen) 
From cash for teams (gatemen) 
From gatemen 's refunds . 

Total from rates 
From rents .... 

From other sources . 

Ordinary receipts 
Less in hands of tollmen (capital) 



Net receipts 



$13,935 14 

7 80 

484 00 

1,740 00 

2 8,639 82 

26 67 

$24,833 43 
119 00 
261 21 

$25,213 64 
3 85 00 

$25,128 64 



' Included in deficiency of assets in balance sheet. 

- Includes cash fares from extra passengers on teams (gatemen). 

' Deducted from receipts for purpose of making change. 



Public Works Department. 



43 



Expenditures (Ordinary) 
Office: 

Division engineers' salary (part) 

Clerk — assistant cashier 

Clerk (part) . 

Retired veterans' pensions 

Retired employees' pensions 

Stationery 

Printing . 

Telephones 

Advertising 

Carfares . 

Postage . 

Premiums, surety companies 



$1,500 00 

1,700 00 

1,700 00 

6,630 04 

720 00 

105 10 

389 50 

289 30 

30 00 

194 75 

3 00 

90 00 



Total, office expenses 








$13,351 69 


Ferryboats and Landings: 


Employees (wages) $152,817 99 


Fuel 








25,846 27 


Teaming, weighing coal, etc. 








2,808 00 


Supplies 








2,998 86 


Gas 








24 30 


Oil 








435 09 


Electric light 








1,498 29 


Electric power 








716 56 


Repairs to boats 








18,175 88 


Repairs to buildings, drops and piers 








536 23 


Furnishings 








26 40 


Other expenditures .... 








'6,071 25 


Total 








$225,306 81 



Receipts, Appropriations and Expenditures. 
Expenditures from Special Appropriations. 
Ferry Improvements, etc 



Total expenditures . 
Balance in treasury unexpended 



$966 00 
.$226,272 81 



$7,408 58 



Appropriations. 

Regular annual appropriations $228,026 68 

Total Expenditures Upon Ferries Since 1858. 
Expenditures for avenues, paving, interest, etc., previous 

to the purchase of the ferries by the city . . $444,101 30 

Purchase of the ferries, April, 1870 276,375 00 

Expendituresfor ferryboats since April 1, 1870 . . 2,530,009 81 

Expenditures for new buildings, piers, drops, etc. 1,491,468 59 

Expenditures for tools and fixtures (prior to 1910) . 14,752 46 

Expenditures for land for Lincoln's Wharf in 1887 5,562 52 

Expenditures for land for Battery Wharf in 1893 . 10,000 00 



Total expenditures on capital account 
Expenditures for repairs of all kinds 
Expenditures for fuel .... 
Expenditures for salaries and wages 
Expenditures for all other purposes 



$4,772,269 68 
3.046,482 38 
3,209,345 94 

12,972,339 41 
3,491,322 44 

$27,491,759 85 



44 



City Document No. 24. 



Total Receipts From Ferries Since 1858=59. 

Receipts from rents, etc., previous to purchase of ferries, 
Receipts from ferry tolls since purchase of ferries 
Receipts from rents since purchase of ferries 

Receipts from sale of ferryboats 

Receipts fron\ all other sources, per ferry books 
Receipts from all other sources, per City Auditor 

Total receipts from all sources ' 

Less amount with tollmen as capital .... 

Total receipts. Auditor's report 



$29,588 66 

8,620,121 07 

73,737 90 

168,004 57 

38,299 46 

30,734 85 

$8,960,486 41 
125 00 

$8,960,361 41 



Regular Annual (Ordinary) and Special Appropriations (Extraor= 
dinary) of the Ferry Service for the Year Ending December 
31, 1939. 

Unexpended balance January 1, 1939 $105 07 

Appropriations (regular) for the year ending December 31, 

1939 228,026 68 

Total $228,131 75 

Transferred from Sanitary Service 865 00 

Total $228,996 75 

Amount of expenditures (regular) for the year . . . 225,306 81 

$3,689 94 
Transferred to City Treasurer 1,668 32 

Unexpended balance December 31, 1939 .... $2,021 62 



Special Appropriations. 

Ferry Improvements, Etc. : 

Unexpended balance January 1, 1939 
Expenditures for the year 



Unexpended balance December 31, 1939 



$8,374 58 
966 00 

$7,408 58 



Receipts of South Ferry. 



From Tollmen. 


From Foot 
Passengers. 


From 
Tickets. 


Totals. 


Boston side 


$6,921 32 
7,013 82 


$1,011 60 
728 40 


$7,932 92 


East Boston side 


7,742 22 






Totals 


$13,935 14 


$1,740 00 


$15,675 14 



Public Works Department. 



45 



From tollmen 

From gatemen (cash for teams) 

Total at South Ferry . 
Tickets paid for at ferry office 

Total in 1939 from rates 
Rents for the year 
Headhouse privileges . 
Care of public telephones 
Commission on public telephones 



Total 

Less in hands of tollmen (deducted fo 
change) 

Total 



$15,675 14 
' 8,666 49 



2 $24,341 63 
491 80 


$24,833 43 

119 00 

180 00 

48 00 

33 21 


$25,213 64 
85 00 


$25,128 64 



Travel on the South Ferry from January 1, 1939, 

TO December 31, 1939, Inclusive. 
Foot passengers at 1 cent * $1,393,514 



South Ferry. 

Handcart, or wheelbarrow and man 
Horse and rider .... 

Horse and cattle, each with attendant 
One or two horse vehicle with driver 
Motorcycle with driver . 

Trailer 

Three or four horse vehicle with driver 

Pas.senger automobile with driver and one passenger 

Passenger automobile with driver and more than one 

passenger 

Motor truck, six tons or less, with driver 
Motor truck, six tons or over, with driver 
Auto bus with driver .... 
Auto bus with driver and passengers 
Free vehicles 



5 cents] 

5 cents I 

5 cents f 

5 cents | 

5 centsj 

10 cents] 

10 centsj- 

10 centsj 

15 cents\ 
15 cents/ 
20 centsi 
20 cents/ 
30 cents 



26,776 



31,930 



23,057 

3,033 
000 
935 



' Includes gatemen's refunds. 

' Includes 1 cent cash fares from foot passengers for year. 

* Passengers. 



46 City Document No. 24. 

SUMNER TRAFFIC TUNNEL. 



1. Receipts. 

Financial Statement for the Year Ending December SI, 

1939. 
Cash in hands of cashier at the beginning of year, $4,309 20 
Received from tolls .... $899,075 45 
Received from sale of tickets 

through City Collector . . ^ 245 00 

Damages to lights and light poles on 

Plaza 600 00 

Sale of old material . . . . 112 20 

Commission on telephone tolls . 14 62 



Total receipts 2900,047 27 

,356 47 



Cash paid over to City Collector .... $898,356 82 
Cash in hands of cashier December 31, 1939 . 5,999 65 



,356 47 



2. Appropriations and Expenditures. 

Received from annual appropria- 
tion $223,300 06 

Transferred from Sanitary Service . 3,735 00 



Total appropriations $227,035 06 

Transferred to City Treasurer .... 5,758 38 



Total expenditures for the year . . . $221,276 68 

3. Result of Operation for the Year. 

Ordinary Expenses (maintenance 

appropriation) .... $221,276 68 
Interest paid on tunnel debt . . 837,773 75 
Sinking Fund 204,352 00 



Net outgo for the year $1,263,402 43 

Receipts for the year (net income) . . . 898,356 82 



Net deficit for the year $365,045 61 



' Includes $65 tickets sold in 1938, paid for in 1939; does not include $72.50 tickets sold 
in 1939, not paid for. 

' Does not include $50,000, contribution of Commonwealth. 



Public Works Department. 



47 



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Public Works Department. 



49 



APPENDIX B. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF 
THE HIGHWAY DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1940. 

To the Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — I submit the following report of the 
operations and expenditures of the Highway Division 
for the year ending December 31, 1939. 

The Paving Service appropriation in the budget 
called for $1,217,004.45. During the year an additional 
appropriation of $332,400 was allowed, making a total 
appropriation for the year 1939 of $1,549,404.45. 
The amount expended during the year was $1,518,665.93, 
leaving an unexpended balance of $30,728.52. Of this 
unexpended balance $24,707.10 belonged to Relief 
Projects, Item "H," and will be used during the year 
1940. The following is a summary of the Item ''H" 
appropriation for 1939: 



Unexpended balance from 1938 
Original appropriation in budget, 1939 

Total 

Transfers made in 1939 . 

Grand Total .... 
Total amount expended in 1939 

Balance unexpended, 1939 



$25,236 84 
225,000 00 

$250,236 84 
224,400 00 

$574,636 84 
549,929 74 

$24,707 10 



As of January 1, 1939, the regular employees numbered 
518 and on December 31, 1939, our personnel had 
decreased to 492. The amount of money taken in 
through the Permit Ofhce of the Paving Service amounted 
to $16,959.24. There are now on file in the Permit 
Office 2,008 bonds in amounts of one, three, four and 
twenty thousand dollars, covering the city against 
claims for damages, etc., through the use of permits. 



50 City Document No. 24. 

Our day labor forces handled all the maintenance 
work on streets and a considerable amount of patch- 
ing work was done by this service in the surfaces of 
both sidewalks and roadways where openings were 
made by the Sewer and Water Divisions other than 
sheet asphalt pavements. 

We had an average of 4,700 men, with a peak load 
from the month of July until the month of August of 
approximately 5,000 men. From the month of October 
to December this number of men dropped from 4,500 
to 3,500. The greater amount of work done in the 
Paving Service was done by W. P. A. forces and, during 
the past year, the following square yards of streets 
were constructed: 

Bituminous macadam .... 265,945 square yards. 
Bituminous concrete .... 231,281 square yards. 
Concrete pavement 166,049 square yards. 



663,275 square yards. 



Much needed improvements have been made on the 
following main traffic arteries: 

Washington Street North, from Haymarket to Keany squares. 

Saratoga Street, East Boston, from Meridian street to the 
Winthrop line. 

Parsons Street, Brighton, from Washington street to Metro- 
politan District Commission Driveway. 

Brookline Avenue, from the Riverway to Longwood avenue. 

Tremont Street, from Carmel street to Huntington avenue. 

The Paving Service is still continuing to build walls 
in the place of wooden fences to reduce the maintenance 
costs. They are constructed of old paving blocks at a 
considerable saving to the city. The construction 
of a wall on Edgewater Drive in Mattapan was finished 
during the past year. 

A new office building has been constructed in the 
Matthew street paving yard, Dorchester, and a build- 
ing in the Hyde Park paving yard has been remodeled 
and is now housing a number of city vehicles which 
means a great saving to the city in garage rentals. 
This program of remodeling and erecting new buildings 
will continue and I feel that, with the cooperation 
of the W. P. A., we can construct new and smaller 
quarters to replace the old broken down buildings in 



Public Works Department. 51 

the various paving yards which have been a continual 
source of expense and trouble to keep up. Sand 
hoppers are being constructed in the Hancock street 
paving yard. 

In cooperation with the Bridge and Ferry Division 
we are constructing high curbs on the various bridges 
in the city which will eliminate a large number of 
accidents. It is our intention to continue along these 
lines until such time as these hazardous conditions 
are done away with on all bridges. 

In order that an idea of money spent for the cost of 
this work may be had, please be advised as follows: 

Highway Division Expenditures: 

Labor $60,748 11 

Materials, equipment, heat, light, etc. . . 561,839 03 

W. P. A. Expenditures: 

Labor 3,130,098 00 

Materials, equipment, heat, light, etc. . 181,761 00 

Grand Total $3,934,446 14 

There are also in operation two white collar projects 
which call for a description of the various types of 
sidewalks in the city limits and also a street numbering 
project with the thought in mind of arranging a system- 
atic location of street numbers to avoid confusion. 

Lighting Service. 

The Lighting Service appropriation of the Highway 
Division called for $945,330. Out of this amount 
$936,681.27 was expended and $8,000 was transferred 
to the Paving Service, leaving an unexpended balance 
of $648.75. 

Mazda lamps of 1,000 candle power were installed as 
follows: Beacon Street Bridge (1), City Proper; Washing- 
ton street (1), Telford street (1), Sidlaw road (1), Brigh- 
ton; Chelsea street (1), Charlestown; Morton street (1), 
Blue Hill avenue (1), Adams street (1), Dorchester 
avenue (5), Dorchester; Chelsea street (2), East Boston; 
Tremont street (8), Roxbury; Preble street at Traffic 
Circle (2); Summer street (1), Summer Street Extension 
Bridge (7), South Boston; Washington street (2), West 
Roxbury. 

Mazda lamps of 600 candle power were installed as 
follows: Washington Street North Traffic Artery (6), 



52 City Document No. 24. 

Dartmouth Street Traffic Islands (4), Sheridan Square 
Traffic Island (1), Beacon Street Bridge Traffic Island 
(2), Massachusetts Avenue Bridge (4), City Proper; 
Chiswick road (1), Franklin Street tlnderpass (1), 
Union Square Island (2), Brighton; Blakemore street 
(1), West Roxbury. 

Mazda lamps of 250 candle power were installed as 
follows: Lindall place (1), City Proper; Crawford 
street (5), Roxbury; Baker street (2), West Roxbury. 

Mazda lamps of 80 candle power were installed as 
follows: Corey road (1), Calwell road (1), Euston road 
(2), Portina road (3), Tremont street (2), Brighton; 
South Bismarck street (1), Countryside Drive (2), 
Valley road (1), O'Connell road (1), Orlando street (1), 
Woodhaven street (1), St. Gregory Street Extension (3), 
Packard avenue (3), Dorchester; Wolcott street (1), 
Brush Hill terrace (1), Scribner road (1), Glenwood 
Avenue Footbridge (2), Melba way (2), Williams 
avenue (1), Hyde Park; Sherwood road (2), West 
Roxbur3^ 

During the year we changed 1,811 arc lamps of 1,500 
candle power to 1,000 candle power Mazda type result- 
ing in a very substantial saving. 

On January 12, 1939, eighteen 1,000 candle power 
Mazda lamps in Neponset Traffic Circle were taken 
over for maintenance by the Metropolitan District 
Commission, said commission having taken the area 
over on above date. 

Petitions and requests for new lamps received from 
citizens and officials, also complaints relative to the 
Lighting Service have been investigated and attended 
to. All streets in the underground district prescribed 
for the year have been inspected and necessary changes 
and additions have been made. 

Very truly yours, 

William T. Morrissey, 

Division Engineer. 



> o 



Public Works Department. 



53 



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55 



Report of Work Done by Department Forces for 1939. 



Brick sidewalks, laid and relaid 
Gravel sidewalks, relaid . 
Granolithic sidewalks, laid (new) 
Granolithic sidewalks, relaid (old) 
Tar sidewalks, laid or relaid . 
Block glitters, laid 
Block paving, laid (roadway) granite, 
Edgestone set (new) . 
Edgestone reset (old) 
Macadam roadway, patched . 
Macadam roadway, resurfaced 
Street cleaning .... 
Snow removal .... 



22,630 square yards. 
113,343^/20 square yards. 

1,988 square feet. 
120,0381 square feet. 
40,552 square yards. 
1,744 "/12 square yards. 
3, 857 1 square yards. 
832 feet 2| inches. 
9,032 feet 3| inches. 
173,070 Ve square yards. 
1,417 square yards. 
57,993 cubic yards. 
241,065 cubic yards. 



56 



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Table Showing Length and Area of Paving on Accepted Streets, Correct to January 1, 1940. 













Length 


IN Miles. 


















Area in 


Square 


Yards. 












Sheet 
As])halt. 


Asphalt 
Concrete. 


Granite 
Block. 


Wood 
Block. 


Plank 
Bridges . 


Brick. 


Con- 
crete. 


Macadam. 


Gravel. 


Not 
Graded. 


Totals. 


Sheet 
Asphalt. 


Asphalt. 
Concrete. 


Granite 
Block. 


Wood 
Block. 


Plank 
Bridges. 


Brick. 


Concrete. 


Macadam. 


Gravel. 


Not 
Graded - 


Totals. 




* 141.80 
20.14 


t 1.50.93 
21.44 


t 83.88 
11.91 


0.93 
0.13 


0.78 
0.11 


0.96 
0.14 


§16.48 
2.34 


• 283.62 
40.29 


22.64 
3.22 


1.97 
0.28 


703.99 
100.00 


* 2,721 ,311 
20.29 


t 3,028,880 
22.58 


12,243,517 
16.73 


21,225 
0.16 


17,428 
0.13 


22,407 
0.17 


§ 309,162 
2.30 


1 4,636,108 
34.57 


352,318 
2.63 


59,015 
0.44 


13,411,371 








January 1. 1940. 


32.21 
0.69 
3.82 
8.88 
25.32 
25.13 
32.52 
11.42 
0.65 


27.22 
2.40 
7.88 
7.65 
16.09 
33.51 
36.73 
26.59 
6.47 


27.73 
10.28 
5.92 
11.18 
12.71 
3.42 
6.93 
0.65 
0.05 


0.40 
0.08 
0.01 
0.04 
0.10 
0.01 
0.05 
0.00 
0.09 


0.13 
0.07 
0.05 
0.19 

0.07 
0.07 
0.08 
0.05 


0.40 

0.04 
0.12 
0.14 

0.27 


2.84 
0.80 
1.08 
0.97 
6.01 
4.75 
5.72 
2.27 
0.54 


5.47 
8.33 
16.91 
15.84 
33.22 
68.12 
78.88 
20.10 
24.69 


0.19 
0.00 
0.84 
0.29 
1.07 
3.42 
4.90 
1.23 
7.87 


0.01 
0.04 
1.29 
0.00 
0.32 
0.07 

0.24 


96.68 
22.66 
36.59 
46.45 
94.66 
138.75 
166.14 
62.34 
40.55 


640,944 
10,172 
85,361 
167,507 
455,688 
458,329 
608,200 
260,531 
15.347 


619,475 
38,736 
166,828 
163,584 
316,501 
650,192 
687,937 
517,655 
151,368 


668,077 
245,781 
136,838 
299,737 
335,137 
156,294 
202,553 
75,137 
8,857 


7,823 
2,001 

325 
1,285 
3,289 

210 
1,669 
1,007 
1,488 


3.7.50 

1,999 

777 

4,797 

1,380 

1,242 

1,231 

747 


9,730 

771 
3,001 
3,3.52 

5,479 


66,491 
18,858 
35,891 
20,573 
102,031 
68,085 
94,781 
45,316 
11,181 


86,114 
119,829 
361,783 
279,119 
488,364 
1,075,017 
1,259,710 
333.179 
416,229 


1,371 
80 
16,845 
5,028 
13,321 
58,950 
78,126 
17,287 
122,555 


41 
865 
34,550 
61 
10,351 
2,267 
2,870 
7,965 






437,507 




806,284 




979,181 




1,717.744 




2,478,808 




2,941,964 




1,254,213 




735,537 








140.64 
19.95 


164.54 
23.35 


78.87 
11.19 


0.87 
0.12 


0.71 
0.10 


0.97 
0.14 


24.98 
3.54 


271.46 
38.52 


19.81 
2.81 


1.97 
0.28 


704.82 
100.00 


2,702,079 
20.08 


3,312,276 
24.62 


2,128,211 
15.82 


19,107 
0,14 


15,923 
0.12 


22,333 
0.17 


463,207 
3.44 


4,419,344 
32.84 


313,563 
2.33 


58,970 
0.44 


13,455,013 




100.00 







Total Public Streets 704.82 Mile8. 

Note. — In the above table the city is subdivided substantially on the boundary lines between the districts as they existed when annexed to Boston. Territory annexed from Brookline is included in city proper. 
* Of this amount 0.10 mile or 834 square yards is Biturock; and 0.08 mile or 1,323 bitulithic; and 0.02 mile or 4.973 square yards is Colprovia; and 0.06 mile or 959 square 

square yards is Kyrock; and 0.02 mile or 470 square yards is Unionite. yards is Filbertine; and 0.00 mile or 4.000 square yards is Hepburnite; and O.OO mile or 

X Of this amount 0.02 mile or 185 square yards is cobble; and 52.63 miles or 1,630,588 3.903 square yards is Layknid; and 0.00 mile or 4,167 square yards is Macasphalt; and 

square yards ia granite block paving on concrete base. 0.21 mile or 5,206 square yards is Simasco; and 11.20 miles or 204,672 square yards is 

§ Of this amount 0.06 mile or 924 square yards is Blonip Granitoid concrete block. Topeka; and 0.00 mile or 4,153 square yards is Warcolite; and 0.18 mile or 3.474 square 

jl Of this amount 211.26 miles or 3.498,093 square yards is bituminous macadam. yards is Carey Elastite asphalt plank; and 0.11 mile or 2,507 square yards is Flmtkote 

t Of this amount 0.02 mile or 667 square yards is Amiesite; and 47.59 miles or asphalt plank; and 0.10 mile or 1,234 square yards is Johns-Manville asphalt plank. 

900,688 square yards is asphalt concrete; and 105.05 miles or 2,171,673 square yards is 

6.667 miles or 35.444 square yards public alleys included in this table; 7.55 miles or 234.691 square yards public streets in charge of Park Department included in this table; 7.01 miles or 236,673 square yards 
public streets in charge of Commonwealth of Massachusetts included in this table. In addition to this table there are 1.75 miles or 8,729 square yards of accepted footways. 



Public Works Department. 57 



Street Openings. 

Under Classes 1 and 2 of the schedule of permit fees 
there were issued for openings in public ways as follows : 

Number of Permits. 

City departments 3,509 

Public service corporations 1,989 

Emergency for same 1,400 

Miscellaneous 629 

Total 7,527 

Permits for other than street openings were 
issued as follows: 

Painting and m.inor repairs 2,523 

Placing and removing signs on buildings .... 615 

Special permits 279 

Erecting awnings 113 

Moving buildings in street 12 

Cleaning snow from roof 10 

Raising and lowering safes and machinery ... 38 

Total 3,590 

Grand total 11,117 



The fees received from these permits amounted to 
$16,959.24. Of this amount $14,450.74 was deposited 
with the City Collector and $2,508.50 was billed to 
public service corporations. 

Bonds. 

There are now on file in this office 2,008 bonds in 
amounts of one, three, four and twenty thousand dollars, 
covering the city against claims for damages, etc., 
through the use of permits. 



58 



City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX C. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF 
THE SANITARY DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1940. 

To the Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — I submit herewith a statement of the 
activities and expenditures of the Sanitary Division for 
the year ending December 31, 1939: 

Maintenance expenditures $2,036,621 04 

Motor deficiency 61,018 05 



Total cost approach $2,097,639 09 



II. 



Waste collection and disposal $1,435,229 84 

(a) By contract (Table II) . . $432,050 23 
(6) By day labor (Table III) . 1,003,179 61 

Street Cleaning (Table V) 588,696 11 

Not directly chargeable to 1939 operation . . 73,713 14 



For other services 

Pensions . 

Injured roll 

W. P. A. . 

Unused stock 

Preventive street cleaning 
Personnel changes in permanent force: 
Total personnel January 1, 1939 
Transfers from other departments and divisions 

New appointments 

Reinstatements 



(a) 
(b) 
(c) 
(d) 
ie) 
(J) 



$7,396 32 
6,292 25 
2,357 89 
9,013 73 
9,944 47 

38,708 48 



Deaths . 
Resignations . 
Retirements 
Discharged 
Transferred out 



756 

11 

14 

1 

782 
15 

4 
25 

5 

9 
— 58 



Total personnel January 1, 1940 724 

The 1939 budget expenditures, after making allowance 
for motor deficiency, were $96,266 less than in 1938. 
The decreases are shown as follows: 



Day labor waste collection . 
Street cleaning 
Work done for other services 
Injured roll .... 
Unused stock .... 



$129,904 

$31,364 

$3,127 

$3,149 

$3,693 



Public Works Department. 59 

On the other hand, there were increases in the con- 
tract waste collection account amounting to $51,221. 
Increase of $2,205 in pensions, and $281 in W. P. A. 
expenditures. There was also an increase in preventive 
street cleaning of $21,264. 

Increase in the contract waste collection account was 
due, in a large part, to the fact that the Charlestown 
district, which was formerly done by day labor, was 
done by contract in this year. The total charges for 
this district amounted to $40,018, which included the 
contract price of $16,800 and $14,290 for disposal as the 
major items. 

In the districts other than Charlestown, there was a 
net decrease in the price of the contracts over the year 
previous, amounting to $4,816, decreases being shown 
in East Boston, Brighton and Hyde Park, while there 
was an increase in the West Roxbury district of $1,320. 
The contract price in the Dorchester district remained 
the same at $159,756. It should be remembered that 
the $14,290 of disposal charge formerly borne by the 
Charlestown district under the day labor account was 
charged to the contract waste collection account in 1939. 

The diminution in the labor account was due to the 
continuation of the no-hiring policy, with the losses 
in man power being made up, as in previous years, by 
welfare forces. The number of welfare men used by the 
Sanitary Division was greater than in 1938, and there 
was not as great fluctuation from week to week. The 
average number of men furnished by the Welfare Depart- 
ment varied from 650 to 725 per day. 

Over a period of years in the Charlestown district, 
it was found that the garbage was no longer being 
separated from the other refuse, and therefore, beginning 
\vith this report, Table II will show one item known as 
''Mixed Refuse" for Charlestown. 

The population for the year 1939 has been computed 
on a new basis which is more consistent with the United 
States Census, and more dependable than the 1938 
population figures which were based, in part, upon the 
1935 Massachusetts census. 

A special Clean-Up Drive in the South End was 
effected, resulting in marked improvement in conditions 
in that section. 

Progress in Back- Yard Improvement has been made 
by enlisting the aid of the children through the coopera- 
tion of the Horticultural Society in donating flowers. 



60 City Document No. 24. 

seeds and bulbs. The Hayden-Stone Memorial Fund 
awarded prizes for this improvement. 

The following work was done by the W. P. A. : 

At the Ward Street Station, for the transfer of 
sand, etc., hoppers were reconstructed, and the ramp 
renovated. 

At the Victory Road Disposal Station a new roof 
was constructed, flooring was patched, and the washing 
platform connected with the catch-basin. 

At Fort Hill Wharf Disposal Station a sprinkler 
system was installed; fence, floor and ramp, and roof 
were built. 

The Archives Project, filing and cataloging of inactive 
records, was brought to a close. 

All of the W. P. A. construction project work was 
completed in 1939. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Adolph J. Post, 

Divisio7i Engineer. 



Public Works Department. 



61 



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04 



City Document No. 24. 



TABLE IV. 

Comparative Costs Per Cubic Yard 1938=1939. 





Collection. 


Total 


Cost. 


Cubic Yards. 
1938. 




D.\T L.^BOR Districts. 


1938. 


1939. 


1938. 

.'S0.5346 
Disposal. 


1939. 

$0.43999 
Disposal. 


Cubic Yards, 
1939. 




$0 9052 

9979 

1 0998 

1 0288 
1 0245 


SO 78113 


$1 4398 
1 5325 
1 6344 

1 5634 
1 5591 


$1 2211 


98,476 

41,037 

236,480 

209,498 
137,478 


103,976 








98474 

95116 

1 00689 


1 4247 

1 3910 
1 4468 


247,361 


8 and 9. South End and Back 
Bay 


234,413 


10. North and West Ends 


136,622 J 


Average 


$1 0326 


$0 94873 


$1 5672 


SI 3887 


722,969 
$746,570 88 


722,372 J 
$685,338 19 















• Contract district in 1939. 



Contract Districts. 



Cost per Cubic Yard. 



1938. 



1939. 



Cubic Yards. 
1938. 



Cubic Yards 
1939. 



2. East Boston 

3. Charlestown * 

4. Brighton 

5. "West Roxbury 

6. Dorchester (including disposal). 
11. Hyde Park 



Average . 
Totals.. 



6273 
5090 
6298 
5499 



$0 .5941 



$0 


5649 


1 


2321 





6109 





5125 





6882 





5471 


$0 


6512 




1 



77,281 



87,271 
122,298 
329,089 

25,026 



640,965 



77,540 
32,478 
85,199 
129,618 
313,506 
25,118 

663,459 



Public Works Department. 



65 



TABLE V. 

Street Cleaning and Oiling Service, 1939. 

Distribution of Expenditures. 
Removing snow 
Brooming 
Pushcart patrolling 
Fliisliing streets 
Horse-drawn sweeping . 
Motor sweeping 
Team patrol . 
Refuse box collections . 
Sanding slippery streets 
Underpass 

Total 

Oiling and watering of public streets and ways 

Total 



$64,593 59 

255,395 28 

131,369 39 

1,811 36 

60,346 05 

17,994 64 

4,227 91 

22,931 31 

4,124 75 

2,763 36 

$565,557 64 
23,138 47 



,696 11 



Street Cleaning Operations. 
Broom gang . 
Horse-drawn sweepers 
Motor sweepers 
Pushcart patrol 
Team patrol 
Flushing 



Catch-all boxes 



30,721 miles. 
3,757 miles. 
5,407 miles. 
14,565 miles. 
981 miles. 
518 miles. 
170,010 collections. 



One hundred and ten thousand (110,000) gallons, of road oil 
was spread, covering 44 linear miles of streets. 



6G City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX D. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
SEWER DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1940. 

To the Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — - 1 submit herewith statement of the 
activities and expenditures of the Sewer Division for 
the year ending December 31, 1939. 

During the fiscal year 1939 there were built by 
contractors, day labor, private parties, and by the city 
under P. W. A and W. P. A. supervision 8.36 miles of 
common sewers and surface drains throughout the city. 
After deducting 0.73 miles of sewers and surface drains, 
rebuilt or abandoned, the net increase for 1939 is 7.63 
miles, which added to the existing 1,195.44 miles of 
common sewers and surface drains and 30.93 miles of 
intercepting sewers, makes a grand total of 1,234 miles 
of all sewers belonging to the City of Boston, and under 
the care of the Sewer Division on January 1, 1940. 

There were 212 catch-basins built or rebuilt and 12 
abandoned or removed during the year, making a net 
gain of 200 catch-basins and a grand total of 22,049 
catch-basins under the care of the Sewer Division on 
January 1, 1940. 

Entrance fees to the amount of $772.30 have been 
deposited with the City Collector for collection from 
estates upon which no sewer assessments were ever paid, 
in accordance with Ordinances of 1910, chapter 9, 
section 10. 

780 permits have been issued, viz., 345 to district 
foremen and contractors and 435 to drain layers for 
repairing or laying new house drains. Inspectors from 
this office have personally inspected the work done 
under these drain layers' permits. 

Plans for the assessments of estates for sewer con- 
struction have been furnished the Board of Street Com- 
missioners, representing 9,456.81 linear feet of sewers. 



Public Works Department. 67 

749 complaints have been investigated and inspectors 
are instructed to report in writing in each case. 

832 complaints on catch-basins have been received. 

1,165 gasoline traps have been examined in garages 
and cleansing establishments. 

850 grease traps have been examined in hotels, res- 
taurants and commercial establishments. 

Reported in writing on 3,016 municipal liens to the 
City Collector, in accordance with chapter 60, section 23, 
of the General Laws. Reported orally on about 6,000 
requests for information on municipal liens. 

207 notices have been mailed to abutters in conformity 
with the Ordinances, chapter 27, section 8, apprising 
them of the construction of new sewers or repairs to 
old sewers. 

Respectfully, 

Robert P. Shea, 
Division Engineer, 
Sewer Division. 



68 



City Document No. 24. 











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PuBLjc Works Department. 



69 



MAINTENANCE EXPENDITURES JANUARY 1 
TO DECEMBER 31, 1939. 

Sewer Division. 



Improved Sewerage 
Pumping Station, Calf Pasture, inside 
Pumping Station, Calf Pasture, outside . 
Pumping Station, Calf Pasture, engines . 
Pumping Station, Calf Pasture, boilers 
Pumping Station, Calf Pasture, Union Park 

street 

Pumping Station, Calf Pasture, Summer street 

Moon Island 

Main and intercepting sewer 
Contracts: 
Repairs and alterations to the east shaft 
Squantum Head, J. J. Callahan . 
(This contract transferred to Sewerage 
Works.) 



$84,524 16 
11,849 37 
41,224 69 
31,214 41 

9,285 23 

2,607 30 

24,198 86 

18,386 04 



12 00 









$223,302 06 


]\fain1ennnce — Regu 


lav. 


Automobiles 




. $44,979 32 


Cleaning catch-basins . 






88,541 46 


Cleaning sewers 






41,397 24 


Employed at yards 






20.151 54 


Fuel and oil . 






374 02 


Hardware and tools 






2,139 26 


House connections 






11,959 30 


Horses, carts and harness . 






1,385 00 


Maintenance Stony Biook . 






110 95 


Office expense 






3,361 44 


Office salaries 






25,811 92 


Stock 






2,837 61 


Yard and lockers .... 






5,901 79 






OAO ri-(\ q- 




^■±o,you oO 


Maintenance 


— Rrpa 


'rs. 


Repairing department buildings 




$1,062 04 


Repairing catch-basins, South Bostor 


I 


727 40 


Repairing catch-basins, East Boston 




2,051 69 


Repairing catch-basins, Charlestown 




151 84 


Repairing catch-basins, Brighton 




2,627 64 


Repairing catch-basins. West Roxbui 


y • 


3,990 61 


Repairing catch-basins, Dorchester . 




4,434 39 


Repairing catch-basins, Hyde Park . 




680 67 


Repairing catch-basins, Roxbury 




1,229 70 


Repairing catch-basins. City Proper 




2,620 20 


Repairing sewers. South Boston 




441 26 


Repairing sewers, East Boston . 




979 28 


Repairing sewers, Charlestown . 




128 64 


Repairing sewers, Brighton 




388 30 


Repairing sewers. West Roxbury 




3,310 23 


Repairing sewers, Dorchester 




2,922 55 


Carried forward .... 


$27,746 44 



70 



City Document No. 24. 



Brought forward 
Repairing sewers, Hyde Park 
Repairing sewers, Roxbury 
Repairing sewers, City Proper 



$27,746 

353 

684 

1,270 



44 
40 
64 
86 



$30,055 34 



Maintenance — Miscellaneous. 



Miscellaneous 

Back Bay Fens 

Telephones 

Rubber goods 

Pensions and annuities 

Construction charges paid out of "H" item 



$45,877 

77 

859 

284 

4,212 

96,057 



20 
67 
33 
25 
00 
26 



Credits. 
Materials and trucks used on maintenance jobs $78,941 16 
Trucks used on construction jobs . . . 11,483 63 



Debits. 
Debit transfer from Sewerage Works to adjust 
"H" item charges 



$8,687 87 



147,367 71 
$649,675 96 



90,424 79 
$559,251 17 



8,687 87 
$567,939 04 



Public Works Department. 



71 



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87 





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88 



City Document No. 24. 



Q 

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Miles. 

0.3912 

0.3851 

0.0238 

0.0491 

0.0676 

0.6582 

4.4707 

1.7490 

0.5656 


CO 

§ 

CO 
00 




Linear Feet. 

2,065.74 

2,033.17 

125.90 

259.00 

356.70 

3,475.65 

23,605.33 

9,234.97 

2,986.32 


00 




Built by 

Private Partie.s, 

or Other 

Departments. 


Linear Feel, 
1,318.00 
1,170.25 




12.00 
362 . 20 
225.00 






i 

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Linear Feet. 
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615.00 


139.00 

344.70 

2,740.00 

22,739.33 

8,813.97 

2,956.32 


oo" 

CO 




Built by City 

by Contract 

or Day Labor. 


5 


247.92 
125.90 
120.00 


373.45 

641.00 

421.00 

30.00 


(M 

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Public Works Department. 



89 



Net Increase in Length of Sewers Built Between January I, 1939, 
and December 31, 1939. 



Districts. 


Length of 

Sewers Built 

During 

Twelve 

Months 

Ended 

December 31, 

1939. 


Length of 
Sewers Re- 
built or 
Abandoned 
During 
Twelve 
Months 
Ended 
December 31, 
1939. 


Net Increase for 

Twelve Months Ended 

December 31, 1939. 




Linear Feet. 

2,065.74 

2,033.17 

125.90 

259.00 

356.70 

3,475.65 

23,605.33 

9,234.97 

2.986.32 


Linear Feet. 

2,026.34 

635.90 


Linear Feet. 

39.40 

1,397.27 

125.90 

259.00 

356.70 

3,475.65 

23,605.33 

8,056.97 

2,98l6.32 


MUes. 
0.007 




0.265 


South Boston 


0.024 






049 






067 






. 6.58 


West Roxbury 




4.471 




1,178.00 


1.526 


Hyde Park 


0.566 






Totals. . 


44,142.78 


3,840.24 


40,302.54 


7 633 







Total Length of Sewers. 

Common sewers or surface drains built previous to January 
1, 1939 

Net increase of common sewers and surface drains between 
January 1, 1939, and December 31, 1939 .... 

Total of common sewers and surface drains built to Decem- 
ber 31, 1939 

Total city intercepting sewers connecting with Metropolitan 
sewers to December 31, 1939 

Total Boston main drainage intercepting sewers to Decem- 
ber 31, 1939 

Grand total of common and intercepting sewers to Decem- 
ber 31, 1939 

Total mileage of streets containing sewerage works to Decem- 
ber 31, 1939 

* No additional lengths built during 1939. 



Miles. 

1,195.44 
7.63 

1,203.07 

*6.8l 

*24. 12 

1,234.00 
676.44 



90 



City Document No. 24. 



Summary of Sewer Construction for Five Years Previous to 
December 31, 1939. 





1935. 


1936. 


1937. 


1938. 


1939. 


Built by city by con- 
tract or day labor . . . 

Built by city under 
W. P. A. or P. W. A. 
government super- 


Linear 

feet 

8,530.08 

24,981.43 
160.00 


Linear 
feet 

7,166.08 

17,726.55 
1,145.00 


Linear 
feet 

10,717.02 

43,986.51 
1,786.79 


Linear 
fee 

2,371.75 

43,239.69 
1,771.00 


Linear 
feet 

1,959.27 
39,096 06 


Built by private parties, 


3,087.45 


Totals 


33,671.51 


26,037.63 


56,490.32 


47,382.44 


44,142 78 







Catch-Basins in Charge of the Sewer Division. 



Districts. 



Catch-Basins for Twelve Months 
Ended December 31, 1939. 



Number 
Built or 
Rebuilt. 



Number 
Abandoned 
or Removed. 



Net 
Increase. 



Total for Whole Citt 

in Charge of Sewer 

Division. 



Previous 

Report to 

January 1, 

1939. 



Grand Total 

to 
January 1, 

isko. 



City Proper. . 

Roxbury 

South Boston. 
Eaet Boston.. 
Charlestown. . 
Brighton. . . .-. 
West Roxbury 
Dorchester . . . 
Hyde Park.. . 

Totals . . . 



10 

6 

3 

19 

2 

18 

89 

54 

11 



12 



1 

6 

3 

19 

2 

18 

89 

52 

10 



3,618 
3,383 
1,450 
1,064 

848 
1,923 
3,649 
5,161 

753 



21,849 



3,619 
3,389 
1,453 
1,083 

850 
1,941 
3,738 
5.213 

763 



22,049 



Public Works Department. 



91 



Sewage Statistics for Year 1939, Calf Pasture Pumping Station. 



Month. 



Total 
Gallons 
Pumped. 



Average 
Gallons 
Pumped. 



Minimum 
Gallons 
Pumped. 



Maximum 
Gallons 
Pumped. 



Average 

Dynamic 

Head. 



January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 

Totals 

Daily Averages 



3,071,378,985 
3,381,071,612 
3,838,676,859 
3,538,312,922 
2,764,707,000 
2,699,103,000 
2,562,565,000 
3,133,671,000 
2,716,379,155 
3,390,765,374 
3,196,441,595 
3,305,622,094 



37,598,694,596 
103,010,122 



99,076,742 

120,7.52,558 

123,828,286 

117,943,764 

89,184,097 

89,970,000 

85,241,000 

101,089,000 

90,545,905 

109,379,529 

106,548,053 

106,632,971 



78,015,033 
81,708,429 
103,439,485 
97,812,000 
64,300,000 
89,150,000 
72,099,000 
77,274,000 
76,750,000 
75,262,050 
68,553,342 
78,415,611 



149,807,659 
1.54,949,277 
214,230,800 
179,270,792 
144,487,000 
136,450,000 
115,357,000 
140,514,000 
125,400,000 
235,537,464 
138,231,243 
168,562,082 



39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 
39.2 



Note. — No. 7 engine out of commission from April 13 to October 2. 

Gallons pumped by oil, 8,572,728,596; gallons pumped by electricity, 29,025,966,000; total, 37,598,694,596; 

Running Tinu of Pumps. — No. 1, 2,414 hours, 45 minutes; No. 2, 2,109 hours, 15 minutes; No. 3, 2,229 
hours, 15 minutes; No. 4, 2,859 hours, .30 minutes; No. 5, .3,123 hours, 20iminutes; No. 6, 6,109 hours, .05 minute; 
No. 7, 4,532 hours, .01 minute. 



92 



City Document No, 24. 



Total gallons pumped 

Daily average gallons pumped 

Average dynamic head 

Foot gallons . . . . 

Foot pounds . . . . 



37,598,694,596 

103,010,122 

39.2 

1,473,868,828,163 

12,334,808,222,900 



Fuel Record. 



Month. 



Fuel Oil 
Received. 



Fuel Oil 

Used. 



Amount. 



January . . . 
February . . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August . . . . 
September . 
October . . , 
November . 
December. 

Totals 



51,617.29 
49,807.60 
61,747.42 
27,170.33 
30,030.62 
27,556.56 
30,.361.91 
27,8.34.07 
20,045.75 
55,129.04 
53,078.28 
64,639.23 



499,018.10 



53,111 
51,840 
58,735 
43,321 
30,421 
26,555 
25,138 
24,055 
21.086 
52,136 
53,370 
60,899 



500,667 



$1,315 96 

1,375 62 

1,677 77 

750 40 

829 30 

820 83 

910 90 

835 03 

601 39 

1,785 10 

1,718.72 

2,093 05 



$14,714 07 



Electric Power. 



Month. 



Engine 
Meters. 



Outside 
Meters. 



Amount. 



January . . . 
February . . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August. . . . 
September. 
October . . . 
November . 
December. 

Totals 



294,600 
339,700 
408,900 
456,600 
438,400 
433,300 
417,600 
488,000 
409,700 
299,200 
276,500 
280,900 



4,543,400 



334,340 
421,420 
410,260 
497,380 
463,600 
436,000 
495,620 
467,980 
507,920 
335,360 
328,920 
304,480 



5,003,280 



$4,028 93 
4,537 47 
4,510 54 
4,906 45 
4,703 23 
4,864 16 
5,116 85 
5,095 11 
5,262 05 
4,258 05 
4,223 91 
3,814 29 



$55,321 04 



Public Works Department. 



93 



Cost of Pumping for 1939 (Calf Pasture Pumping Station). 



Items. 


Cost. 


Cost per 
Million 

Foot 
Gallon.s. 


Labor 


$86,341 22 

14,714 07 

55,.321 04 

470 83 

452 58 

3,252 60 


$0.05858 
0.00998 
0.03753 
0003'^ 


Fuel oil 








00031 


Miscellaneous renewals and supplies 


0.00221 


Totals 


$160,553 34 
10,676 19 


$0 10893 


Labor at screens 


007 ''4 







Amount of Refuse Removed from Filth Hoist. 



Month. 




Weight 
(Pounds). 



January. . . 
February. . 
March .... 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August. . . . 
September. 
October. . . 
November. 
December. 

Totals 



26,160 
23,280 
22,800 
23.520 
30,000 
33,840 
*4 1,040 
48,480 
42,000 
38,400 
38,640 
24,000 



392,160 = 196j'o%8 tons 



* Average 240 pounds to cheese. 



94 City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX E. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF 
THE WATER DIVISION. 



Boston, January 2, 1940. 

To the Commissioner of Public Works. 

Dear Sir, — I respectfully submit the following report 
of the activities of the Water Division, operations and 
expenditures for the fiscal year ending December 31, 
1939: 

Engineering Branch. 

This branch of the Water Division was engaged in 
the extension and improvement of the distribution 
system, most of the work being performed by W. P. A. 
forces under the general supervision of the division's 
regular engineering and inspection forces. Funds were 
supplied by the Federal Relief Administration for the 
labor used by the so-called W. P. A. forces, and a portion 
of the material used on the work and the funds of the 
Water Division were used to supply cast-iron pipe 
specials, gates, hydrants, lead, boxes, etc. 

A total of 24,407 feet of pipe were either laid or relaid, 
varying in sizes from 8 inches to 48 inches, inclusive, of 
which the W. P. A. forces performed 19,673 feet, or 
3.75 miles. 

Some of the longer lengths were: 

City Proper. 

St. Botolph street, city proper, 1,915 feet of 42-inch 
cast-iron pipe relaid with 42-inch steel pipe. 

Gainsborough street, 287 feet of 42-inch cast-iron pipe 
relaid with 42-inch steel pipe. 

Huntington avenue, 767 feet of 42-inch cast-iron 
pipe relaid with 42-inch steel pipe; 625 feet of 20-inch 
cast-iron pipe relaid with 20-inch steel pipe; 112 feet 
of 12-inch cast-iron pipe relaid with 12-inch steel pipe. 



Public Works Department. 95 

Roxbury. 

Huntington avenue, 2,574 feet of 30-inch and 36-inch 
cast-iron pipe relaid with 48-inch steel pipe. 

Tremont street, 2,176 feet of 30-inch and 36-inch 
cast-iron pipe relaid with 48-inch steel pipe. 

Parker street, 1,007 feet of 30-inch and 36-inch 
cast-iron pipe relaid with 48-inch steel pipe. 

Brighton. 
Saybrook street, 1,216 feet of 6-inch pipe relaid with 
12-inch pipe. 

Hyde Park. 

Harvard avenue, 

Everett street, 

Central avenue, 2,900 feet of 4-inch and 6-inch pipe 
relaid with 8-inch and 12-inch pipe. 

Extensions of water mains totaled 6,165 linear feet, 
or 1.16 miles. 

Relaying of water mains totaled 18,242 linear feet, 
or 3.46 miles. 

Distribution Branch. 

The regular work of the Distribution Branch, con- 
sisting of installation of new services and fire pipes, 
repairing of leaks, caring for complaints, shutting off 
and letting on w^ater, freeing of stoppages in service 
pipes, etc., was performed in such a manner and at such 
periods as to cause a minimum of delay and inconveni- 
ence to apphcants for water, water takers and the 
general public. 

A tremendous increase in the amount of work per- 
formed was occasioned by the laying out of new streets 
with the resultant regulating of gate boxes, shut-ofT 
frames and covers, hydrants, services and the installa- 
tion of new services on the relaying work b}' the W. P. A. 
forces. 

The machine shop and plumbing shop were forced to 
handle all the drilling and connecting of services occa- 
sioned by the above mentioned forces, in addition to 
the regular work carried on in these shops, such as 
the assembling and machining of gates, valves and 
hydrants. 

Due to the decreasing of the personnel, and no re- 
placements made in the repair gangs of the Water 



96 



City Document No. 24. 



Division, it has been necessary to engage the services 
of contractors to assist the department at various times 
throughout the year in repairing of leaks and laying 
and relaying of service pipes. 



Business Office. 

The new system of billing in the Water Division 
which started in 1938, is now in full operation. Under 
this system the collection of water rates has greatly 
increased. 

The campaign inaugurated in 1938 to enforce the 
payment of outstanding water bills is still in force. 
Customers in arrears are notified that the flow of water 
will be reduced, but 3'et enough water is left on the 
premises to provide a minimum for health and sani- 
tary requirements. As a result of this campaign the 
Water Division ended the year 1939 with a surplus of 
$757,182.55. 



Main pipe petitions received 
Domestic service applications 
Fire pipe applications . 
Special meter tests 
Hydrant permits issued 
Repair deposits received 
Miscellaneous deposits . 



15 
333 
17 
368 
34 
67 
76 



Appropriations, Expenditures and Revenue. 

Amount appropriated $1,156,157 27 

Amount expended 1,051,504 82 

Balance $104,652 45 

Amount of money collected during the year . $5,167,428 29 

Amount of expenditures from all sources . . 4,410,245 74 

The Metropolitan Assessment for 1939 
amounted to $3,184,706.30, an increase of 
$505,540.98 over the assessment for 1930. 

Total amount of water billed for 1939 . . 4,570,435 94 

Total amount collected for 1939 bills . . 3,489,006 02 

Total abatements for 1939 water . . . 26,148 15 
Total amount collected in 1939 on bills rendered 

prior to 1939 1,608,982 07 



Public Works Department. 97 

This department contacts the water consumers very 
frequently throughout the year, and the conduct of the 
office has been such that I believe a spirit of good will 
between the customers and the emplo^-ees has been 
brought about which is beneficial to the consumer and 
the city. 

Respectfully submitted, 

Daniel M. Sullivan, 

Division Engineer. 



98 City Document No. 24. 

1939 — Financial Transactions — Water Service. 

Revenues: 

Receipt for water .... $5,097,988 09 

All other receipts .... 69,319 64 

Tax titles. Water .... 120 56 



f>xpenditures from revenue: 

Refunded water rates . . $69 1 08 

Transfer to Collecting Department, 102,225 09 

Auditing Department ... 112 20 



Expenditures from revenue: 

Current expenses and extension . $1,051,504 82 
Metropolitan W^ater Assessment . 3,184,706 30 



$5,167,428 29 



103,028 37 



Balance available for water purposes .... $5,064,399 92 



4,236,211 12 
$828,188 80 



Expenditures on Debt Account: 

Payments on Boston water debt . $32,000 00 

Payments on Hj-de Park water 

debt 16,000 00 

Interest on water loans . . . 23,006 25 

71,006 25 

Balance of revenue over expenditures .... $757,182 55 

Loan Account: ^^ 

Balance outstanding January 1, 

1939 $763,000 00 

Paid during 1939: 

Boston water debt, $32,000 00 
Hvde Park water 

debt . . 16,000 00 

P. W. A. loans No. 
1123, No. 4214, 
No. 7223 . . 41,000 00 

89,000 00 



Balance outstanding December 31, 1939 . . . $674,000 00 

Construction Account: 

Extension of mains (from revenue) .... $115,860 71 

Cost of construction December 31, -— ^-^-— ^^ 

1939 $24,235,579 16 

Cost of construction December 31, 

1938 24,119,718 45 



Increase in plant cost during 1939 $115,860 71 

Cost of existing works December 31, 1939: 

Pipe yards and buildings . . * $84,332 16 

Engineering expenses . . . 57,873 58 

Distribution system .... 123,918,373 42 
Hyde Park water works . . . 175,000 00 

$24,235,579 16 



High pressure fire system 12,293,316 75 

Total cost $26,528,895 91 

* $10,500 deducted on account of abolishment of Charlestown water yard. 

t Includes $155,023.89 expended on high pressure fire system in 1925, 1926, 1931, 1932, 
1933. 

t $33,850.96 deducted from cost of high pressure fire system on account of abandonment 
of pumping station. Battery street. 



Public Works Department. 



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100 



City Document No. 24. 



Table No. 11. 

High Pressure Fire Service. 



Showing Lcngtii of Watrr Pipes, Connections, Hydrants and Valves in Same, December SI, 

1939. 



20- Inch. 16-Inch. 12-Inch. 8-Inch. 6-Inch 



Totals. 



Length owned and operated December 
31, 1938 

Gates in same 

Blow-offs in same 

Length laid in 1939 

Gate valves in same 



Length owned and operated December 
31, 1939 

Gate valves in same 

Blow-offs in same 

High-pressure fire hydrants 



20,140 


46,953 


31,756 








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144 


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98,849 

847 

6 



98,849 

847 

6 

505 



18.72 miles of mains in system. 



Public Works Department. 



101 



Table No. III. 

Total Number of Hydrants in System December 31, 1939. 











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East Boston (public) 

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Deer Island (private) 

Gallup's Island (private) .... 

Long Island (private) 

Rainsf ord Island (private) . . . 
Thompson's Island (private) . 
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Total number (private) . . . . 
High-pressure fire hydrants. 



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o6 

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29 

1 

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1 

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1 

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196 

1 

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178 



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4 

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15 

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530 

2 

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2 

246 
3 

989 
1 



3,018 
126 



5,084 
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13 



97 

111 



102 City Document No. 24. 



Waterworks Statistics, City of BosTOisr. 

For the Fiscal Year Ending December 31, 1939. 

Distribution. 

Mains. 
Kind of pipe: Cast iron, wrought iron, steel. 
Size: 2-inc'h to 48-in('h. 
Extended, miles, 1.19. 
Size enlarged, miles, 2.32. 
Total miles now in use, 1,000.819, 2" to 48" includes high pressure fire 

.service. 
Public hydrants added, 16. 
Public hydrants now in use, 11,322. 
Stop gates added, 55. 
Stop gates now in use, 15,986. 
Stop gates smaller than 4-inch, 34. 
Number of blow-offs, 866. 
Range of pressure on mains, 30 to 90 pounds. 

Service. 
Kind of pipe and size: Lead and lead lined, f-inch to 2-inch; cast iron 

2-inch to 16-inch; wrought iron and cement lined, f-inch to 2-inch 

brass and copper, f-inch to 25-inch. 
Service taps added, 367. 
Total service taps now in use as per metered services, 101,284. 



Public Works Department. 



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112 City Document No. 24. 



Shutting Off and Turning On Water in 1939. 

Number of shiit-offs for repairs 4,544 

Number of premises turned on after repairs . . 4,252 

Number of shut-offs for vacancy .... 1,156 

Number of premises turned on for occupancy . . 917 
Number of premises shut off for nonpayment of 

water rates 13,707 

Number of premises turned on again after being 

shut off for nonpayment 4,278 

Number of premises shut off on account of waste . 82 
Number of premises turned on again after being 

shut off for waste 63 

Number of new service pipes turned on for first 

time 184 

Total number of times water was shut off or 

turned on 29,183 



Public Works Department. 



113 



Statement of Each Year's Water Rates, 1912 to 1939, Inclusive, 
With Outstanding Balances, As of December 31, 1939. 



Account of 
Yeak. 



Amount 

Assessed. 



Amount 
Abated. 



Collpptions 
and Credits. 



.\moimt 
OutstaiidinK. 



1912 

1913 

1914 

1915 

1916 

1917 

1918 

1919 

1920 

1921 

1922 

1923 

1924 

1925 

1926 

1927 

1928 

1929 

1930 

1931 

1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 

1937 

1938 

1939 

1937 and 1938 added to 
1939 Tax 



$3,001,771 87 
3,004,331 52 
3,034,885 83 
2,960,797 45 
3,130,590 53 
3,120,878 86 

3.359.714 95 
3,210,147 91 
3,503,677 88 
3,615,663 51 

3.612.715 51 
3.817,642 72 
3,832,531 26 

3.875.434 21 
3,910,119 54 
3,979,153 63 
4,418,039 84 
5,018,524 39 
4,864,180 27 
4,749,546 18 
4,611,461 41 
4,572,539 96 
4,703,863 07 
4,630,717 54 
4,671,732 90 
4,719,184 08 
4,719,917 42 

4.570.435 94 

606,767 13 



$58,369 39 

50.147 90 
64,663 01 
57,782 09 
67,771 69 
77,353 75 

162,415 52 
95,812 76 

123,509.90 
90,946 23 
90,453 27 
77,449 02 
43,678 41 
39,084 94 
44,694 94 
44,181 30 
37,801 18 
45,119 68 
44,432 82 
45,872 .56 
37,905 09 
35,884 94 
57,527 99 
49,265 ,52 
35,484 35 
31,563 33 
42,778 45 

26.148 15 

8,201 76 



$2,943,402 48 
2,9.54,183 62 
2,970,232 82 
2,903,015 36 
3,062,818 54 
3,043,.525 11 
3,197,299 43 
3,114,335 15 
3,.380,167 98 
3,524,717 28 
3,522,262 24 
3,740,193 70 
3,783,400 82 
3,829,250 45 

3.858.485 74 
3,918,482 .56 
4,.371,678 72 

4.959.486 12 
4,801,564 72 
4,676,807 02 
4,538,176 74 
4,475,499 11 
4, .574,486 77 
4,497,508 07 
4,536,488 72 

* 4,596,140 88 

1 4,669,098 44 

3,489,028 10 

288,865 02 



$5,452 03 

7,098 82 

6,938 86 

16,489 77 

8,559 94 

13,918 59 

18,182 73 

26,866 60 

35,379 58 

61,155 91 

71,848 31 

83,943 95 

99,759 83 

91,479 87 

8,041 03 

1,055,259 69 

309,700 35 



Total outstanding water rates December 31, 1939 . 



$1,920,075 86 



* Includes $192,846.42 transferred to 
Added to 1939 Tax. 
t Includes $390,452.47 transferred to 
Added to 1939 Tax. 



(Credits have been made since August. 1937. of Tax Sales Receipts, to water accounts 
for every year from 1929 to 1939, inclusive, reducing outstan iin? balances for these years . 



114 



City Document No. 24. 



Water Meter Division. 

Table No. I. Statement of Work Done During the Year 1939. 



Make. 


-6 

"a. 
a 
< 


■v 

V 
3 

c 
o 

Q 


Meters 
Changed. 


i 
1 


'U 

Pi 


s 
Id 

£■03 


i 




Out. 


In. 




Hersey disc 

Worth disc 

Watch dog 


203 

8 

51 

10 


658 

67 

222 

37 

2 

6 


3,107 

665 

1,932 

578 

39 

69 

14 

17 

2 

13 

4 

20 

1 

13 

1 

1 


4,525 

358 

1,396 

178 

2 

4 

1 

3 

1 
3 
1 

4 


4,684 

518 

2,811 

1,930 

44 

82 

17 

9 

2 

16 

12 

14 

7 


989 

156 

334 

181 

20 

39 

8 

18 

11 

51 

6 

15 

85 

7 


3,440 

30 

1,750 

177 

2 

] 
1 


325 

25 

111 


King 


7 


















3 
2 

1 

3 

1 




Trident 






Hersey rotar3' 

Arctic 


1 

1 




Detector 


2 












Hersey compound 


1 






Totals 


277 


1 ,(X)2 


6,476 


6,476 


10.146 


1,920 


5,403 


468 



Public Works Department. 



115 



Table No. 2. Meters in Service December 31, 1939. 





Diameter in Inches. 




Make. 


5 


I 


1 


U 


2 


3 


4 


6 


8 


10 


12 


j Totalw. 




53,696 
6,399 

21,578 
3,666 
592 
595 
205 
178 
118 
327 


3,702 

24 

1.041 

233 


1,850 
29 

1,062 
15 


969 
27 

720 
29 


429 
48 

435 

42 

1 


162 

13 

395 


129 


30 


1 






60,968 
6,540 


Worth disc 






Watch dog 


91 










25,322 


KlQg 










3 985 


Federal 














593 


American 


114 

68 

302 

228 


20 

46 

35 

6 

123 
















729 




59 

1 
97 


12 

72 

11 

178 


23 
23 
52 
1 
4 
19 


2 

16 
21 
15 
51 
10 










333 


Crown 


6 

1 

15 

12 

65 








675 


Trident 




2 




179 


Hersev rotarv 


1,041 


Hersey compound 








28 


Detector 












35 


25 


5 


185 


Arctic 


1 

16 

59 

152 






23 


19 


72 


Empire 














16 


Nash 


232 
142 


16 


1 
6 


6 
3 














314 


Keystone . 














303 


















Totals 


87,582 


6,086 


3,202 


1,932 


1,256 


692 


33.5 


129 


37 


27 


5 


101,283 



116 



City Document No. 24. 



Table No. 3. Meters in Shop December 31, 1939. 



Make. 






Diameter in ] 


NCHES 








Totals. 


i 


^ 


1 


u 


2 


3 


4 


6 


10 


Hersey disc 


1,811 


15 


3 


6 


14 


16 

1 
6 


2 






1,869 
1 




489 




] 




8 
4 


1 






.505 








4 


















1 


1 






















Totals 


2,300 


15 


4 


6 


26 


23 


3 


2 


1 


2„3S0 



Table No. 4. Meters Purchased in Year 193?. 



Make. 




Diameter in Inches. 




Totals. 


5 


• 


1 


V, 


2 


3 


4 


Hersey disc 

Hersey detector 


1,500 


250 


250 


11 


.5 


12 


12 
3 

7 


2,040 
3 


Hersey compound. ... ... 














7 


















Totals 


1,500 


253 


2.50 


11 


5 


12 


22 


2,050 



Table No, 5. Meters Reset. 



IVIake. 




Diameter 


IN Inches. 


■3 


1 

a 
3 

a 



§ . 
11 


5 


1 


1 


U 


2 


4 


S.2 





Hersey disc 


297 

24 

95 

6 


10 


10 


5 


2 

1 
1 


1 


325 

25 
111 

7 


107 

5 

33 

2 


218 


Worth disc 


20 


Watch dog 


7 

1 


6 


2 


78 


King 
















Totals 


422 


18 


16 


7 


4 


1 


468 


147 


321 







Public Works Department. 



117 



Table No. 6. Meters Changed in 1939. 



Make. 


Meters Out. 
diameter in inches. 


Totals. 




1 


1 


1 


15- 


2 


3 


4 


6 






2,715 

651 

1,663 

530 

39 

47 

15 

2 

5 

8 

10 

1 

1 

1 


226 

5 

89 

22 


77 

4 

77 

16 


55 
3 

60 
4 


22 
2 

24 
6 


8 


3 


1 


3 107 




665 


Watch dog 


13 


6 




1,932 


King 


578 


Federal 








39 




22 

2 














69 


Nash 


2 


1 










20 


Trident ... . 










2 




6 
4 
3 


4 
2 




2 








17 










14 














13 


Empire 

Hersey rotary- 














1 


2 


4 


2 

1 


3 

1 


1 
1 
1 






13 






4 












1 
















1 


1 




















Totals 


5,688 


381 


186 


126 


60 


24 


9 


2 


6,476 







118 



City Document No. 24. 



Table No. 6. Meters Changed. — Concluded. 



Make. 




Meters In. 
diameter in inches. 








Totals. 




» 


i 


1 


U 


2 


3 


4 


6 






4,011 
349 

1,142 

149 

2 

2 
3 


281 

5 

94 

11 


111 

1 

67 

13 


66 
2 

.59 
1 


40 
1 

18 
4 


10 


6 




4,525 




358 




1.') 


1 




1,396 




178 










2 




2 














4 


Nash 














3 


Trident 








































1 
















1 














































1 


1 










3 




1 










1 


















1 














4 




4 


















Totals 


5,660 


393 


193 


129 


63 


26 


11 


1 


6,476 







Public Works Department. 



119 



Table No. 7. Causes for Meter Changes. 



Make. 





'■£ 






.iS 


C5 




■d 






.2; 






C3 


^ 




05 






u 












EC 








c 


n 


>-) 


M 












K. 




C 






"?! 




















^ 


~ 


U, 




73 


a 


M 


n 


0) 




o 
Q 


o 


W 


w 




U 


£ 


1) 

03 


Q 





912 
23 

415 
35 
11 


906 

410 

766 

471 

13 

17 

9 

1 

9 

4 

7 

1 

6 


64 
19 


19 
1 
4 
3 


314 

88 

200 


279 

117 

278 

56 

3 

2 


518 


4 


91 

20 

14 

9 


3,107 


Worth disc 


665 


Watch dog 


236 




1,932 


King 


578 


12 
11 
3 




39 






1 


24 




12 
2 


69 


Nash.. .. 


3 


20 


Trident . 






2 




2 
2 

4 




2 


3 
3 

1 


1 






17 






2 


14 








13 














1 


















7 
1 


13 








1 






2 




4 














1 






1 














1 






















Totals 


1,412 


2,621 


98 


30 


628 


742 


783 


4 


158 


6,476 







120 



City Document No. 24. 



Table No. 8. Meters Applied in 1939. 





Diameter in Inches. 


Totals. 


Make. 


« 


i 


1 


U 


2 


3 


4 




164 
8 

25 

7 


4 


9 


6 


9 


4 


7 


203 




8 




1 


4 

2 


7 

1 


2 


5 


7 


51 




10 








2 


2 










1 






1 














1 


1 




1 












1 


'^'^ ' 
















Totals 


205 


5 


15 


15 


11 


9 


17 


277 







Applied on old service pipes . 
Applied on new service pipes . 



Total 

Table No. 9. Meters Discontinued in Year 1939. 



16 
261 

277 



Make. 


Diameter in Inches. 


"3 

O 


S 

c 
2 

4) 
C 

c 
o 
O 


c 
d 

> 


■6 

§ 

c 

c 
o 

5 


13 

a 




1 


i 


1 


u 


2 


3 


4 


6 


C3 




910 

134 

340 

66 


44 


11 


8 


6 

2 
4 


1 


1 




981 
136 
390 

70 
1 
2 
1 
8 
4 
1 
6 
3 
6 


217 
47 
111 

21 


102 
22 
56 
11 


658 
67 

222 
37 

1 
1 


4 








20 
4 


13 


11 


2 






1 








1 


























1 






1 
1 
2 


1 






1 
7 
4 
















1 














1 


6 
2 
























1 












1 




4 
3 
4 




2 










3 

2 


1 
1 


3 
3 
3 




Trident 


















1 


1 




























Totals 


1,473 


70 


36 


22 


12 


3 


2 


1 


1,609 


405 


195 


1,002 


7 



Public Works Department. 



121 



Table No. 10. Meters Repaired in Service. 



















































^ 


















c 
































^ 




CQ 












^ 


C3 




K 


3 




Make. 




?. 


^ 


►J 


a 


m 


C 






•a 
v 

"a3 


o 
o 


4) 

'a 


C 

■q, 

3 
O 


OS 

& 
a 
o 


c 
o 


"ol 


o 




Q 


O 


m 


O 


M 


O 


r^ 


H 


Heisey disc 


214 


114 


348 


195 


46 


23 


49 


989 




28 
59 


21 

19 


27 
163 


33 

41 


14 
9 


11 

7 


22 
36 


156 




334 




3 


1 


154 


5 




11 


•> 


181 


Federal 


3 




9 


3 


1 


9 


,, 


20 




7 


2 
1 


11 
4 


4 
1 


3 


8 


3 
■) 


39 




8 




1 


4 

1 
19 


o 


6 

4 

7 


4 

1 

11 


3 




18 


Trident 


11 




o 




7 


51 






11 

1 
31 

1 




3 
2 


1 






15 




2 

29 

4 




1 

5 
2 


6 




12 


8 


85 








7 














Totals 


352 


226 


721 


304 


107 


79 


131 


1,920 







122 City Document No. 24. 



APPENDIX F. 



REPORT OF BOSTON AND CAMBRIDGE 
BRIDGE COMMISSION. 



BosTOX, January 2, 1940. 

To the Honorable the Mayor. 

Sir, — As Commissioner for the City of Boston, I 
respectfully submit herewith the annual report of the 
Boston and Cambridge Bridge Commission for the 
year ending December 31, 1939. 

The commission is composed of two members, one 
appointed by the Mayor of the City of Boston and the 
other by the Mayor of the City of Cambridge, under 
provisions of chapter 467, Acts of 1898. 

The commission has charge of the maintenance of the 
following-named bridges between Boston and Cambridge : 

Cottage Farm, Longfellow and Prison Point. 

As there is no separate appropriation made for the 
City of Boston's portion of the expenses of this com- 
mission, the same is taken from the appropriation for 
the Bridge and Ferry Division, Bridge Service. The 
amount expended during the fiscal vear ending December 
31, 1939, was $4,837.57. 

Respectfully submitted, 

George G. Hyland, 
Commissioner for the City of Boston. 



Public Works Department, 



123 



Boston and Cambridge Bridges. Expenditures for the Year Ending 
December 31, 1939. 

Being the Portion Paid by the City of Boston, Which /x One Half of the Total Expenditure. 





















^ 


T3 


















2 


E 


n 


C 






a 
m 




o 


'o 






c 


^3 




c 
o 


"3 




^« 


c 


• i 


o 




<: 


O 


h:; 


~ 


H 




$50 00 




$1,560 00 
200 00 




$1,610 00 


Inspection 


$192 00 


$210 00 


602 00 


Light. 




892 71 


1,683 49 




2.576 20 








42 




42 


Rent 






39 00 




39 00 




9 95 






9 95 












Totals 


$59 95 


$1,084 71 


$3,482 91 


$210 00 


$4,837 57 







CITY OF BOSTON PRINTING DEPARTMENT 



Co ^ ^ ^ ^ -> 



ANNUAL REPORT 



PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT 

FOR THE YEAR 1940 

[Document 24—1941] 



"T^^oa^^.r; 



JVIAR 30 1944 



W^M-. n 



T 



CONTENTS. 



Part I. 



EEPOKT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF 
PUBLIC WORKS. 



Page 
Appropriations and expendi- 
tures, all divisions 13 

Employees, grade and num- 
ber of, etc 10 

Employees, appointments, 

etc 12 



Page 

General review 1 

Organization 1 

Revenue 14 



Part II. — Appendix A. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
BRIDGE AND FERRY DIVISION. 



(Bridge Service.) 



(Page 18.) 



Page 
Bridges, expenditures on ... . 34 
Bridges, work done on: 

Beacon Street Bridge over 
the Boston and Albanj' 
Railroad 22 

Dartmouth Street Bridge 
over the Boston and 
Albany Railroad 22 

Brookline Avenue Bridge 
over the Boston and 
Albany Railroad 22 

Massachusetts Avenue 
Bridge over the Boston 
and Albany Railroad. . . 22 



Page 

Safety curbs 23 

Day labor force 23 

Draw openings 36 

Financial statement 30 

General review 19 

Granite Avenue Bridge. . . 37 
Miscellaneous work, other 
Divisions and Depart- 
ments 23 

Miscellaneous Work, 

Bridge Service 24 

Works Progress Adminis- 
tration 20 



IV 



Table of Contents. 



(Ferry Service.) 
(Page 18.) 



Page 

Balance sheet 39 

Expenditures since 1858 .... 41 

Ferry boats, list of 25 

Ferry boats, work done on . . 25 
Financial statement 38 



Page 

General review 25 

Receipts since 1858-1859 ... 42 

Receipts for year 1940 40 

Toll rates 43 

Travel on South Ferry 43 



(Sumner Tunnel.) 
(Page 27.) 



Page 
Comparison of receipts, ex- 
penditures, etc., 1934- 

1940, inclusive 45 

Financial statement 44 

General review 27 



Summary of work done dur- 
ing year 

Vehicles using tunnel, classi- 
fication of 



Page 
27 

46 



Appendix B. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 

HIGHWAY DIVISION. 

(Lighting Service.) 

(Page 50.) 



Financial statement. 



Page 
50 



Summary of installations, 
etc., during year 



Page 



50 



(Paving Service.) 
(Page 47.) 



Page 

Financial statement 47 

General review 47 

Objects of expenditures 48 

Permits issued 53 



Page 
Permits, revenue from fees 

for 53 

Summary of work done dur- 
ing year 52 



Table of Contents. 
Appendix C. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
SANITARY DIVISION. 



(Page 54.) 



Page 
Comparative costs per cubic 
yard of collection and 
disposal 61 

Cost of collection and dis- 
posal of refuse by con- 
tract 58 

Cost of collection and dis- 
posal of refuse by day 
labor force 60 



Page 



Expenditures for the collec- 
tion and disposal of 
ashes and garbage by 

districts 57 

Financial statement 54 

General review 54 

Street cleaning and oiling, 
distribution of expendi- 
tures 62 

Street cleaning operations . . 62 



Appendix D. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
SEWER DIVISION. 



(Page 63.) 



Page 
Calf Pasture Pumping Sta- 
tion, fuel record and 

electric power 94 

Calf Pasture Pumping Sta- 
tion, sewerage pumped 

at 93 

Catch basins, number of . . . . 93 

Financial statement 65 

General review 63 

Maintenance expenditures . . 66 

P. W. A. construction 76 



Page 
Refuse removed from filth 

hoist 95 

Sewerage works expendi- 
tures 68 

Sewerage works construc- 
tion 74 

Sewerage works construc- 
tion, summary of 91 

Sewers, net increase in length, 92 

Sewers, total length of 92 

Sewers, five-year summary. . 91 



VI 



Table of Contents. 
Appendix E. 



REPORT OF THE DIVISION ENGINEER OF THE 
WATER DIVISION. 

(Page 96.) 



Page 

Financial statement 108 

General review 96 

High pressure fire service, 
length of water pipes, 
number of hydrants, 

etc 110 

Hydrants, number of, in sys- 
tem Ill 

Main pipe, abandoned, cost 

of 113 

Main pipe, cost of replace- 
ment 115 

Main pipe, cost of extension, 117 
Meters, statement of work 

done 100 





Page 


Meters in service 


101 


Meters in shop, purchased 




and reset 


102 


Meters changed 


103 


Meters, cause for changes . . 


104 


Meters applied 


104 


Meters discontinued 


105 


Meters repaired 


106 


Shutting off and turning on 




water 


109 


Water pipes, length of 


107 


Water rates, amounts 




assessed, abated, col- 




lected, etc., 1912-1940, 




inclusive 


99 


Water works statistics 


112 



Appendix F. 



REPORT OF BOSTON AND CAMBRIDGE 
BRIDGE COMMISSION. 



(Page 121.) 



Financial statement. 



Page I 
122 General review 



Page 
121 



3 Ss 06315 973 3