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' 1915/16 


Raleigh Tovraship, V/ake Co., N. C, 
School Committee 



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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 
State Library of North Carolina 


Raleigh Township 
Graded Schools 



Township Graded Schools 


SESSION 1915-1916 


Edwards & Broughton Prikting Co. 






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The School Committee of Raleigh Township 


James I. Johxson Chairman ex officio 

G. Rosenthal Secretary 


R. H. Lewis Term expires March, 1921 

G. Rosenthal Term expires March, 1917 

E. L. Harris Term expires March, 1917 

B. F. Montague Term expires March, 1919 

T. B. Crowder Term expires March, 1919 

J. F. Ferrall Term expires March, 1921 


1. Financial and Auditing Committee — Harris, Rosenthal and Ferrall. 

2. Building. Repairs and Supplies — Montague, Harris and Ferrall. 

3. Appointment of Teachers — Lewis, Crowder and Montague. 

4. Text-books. Apparatus and Course of Study — Lewis, Rosenthal and 


5. Rules, Regulations, and Discipline — Crowder, Lewis and Harris. 

6. Boundaries and Statistics — Ferrall, Rosenthal and Montague. 

Officers and Teachers 

Sessiox 1915-1916. 

Frank M. Harper, Superintendent. 

HIGH SCHOOL,— Hugh Morson, Principal. 

G. B. Phillips, English. 

S. J. Marion, Science. 

Mrs. J. M. Barbee, Mathematics. 

Miss Eliza A. Pool, German. 

Miss Frances Winston, History and Latin. 

Miss Mary I. Howland, Latin and History. 

Miss Nita Gressitt, Mathematics. 

Miss Minnie S. Sparrow, English. 

Miss Sarah Shuford, English. 

Miss Katie Moore, French. 

Miss Gladys Richards. Commercial Branches. 

Mr. Hugh Morson. Latin. 

WILEY SCHOOL— Jfr.s. M. B. Shenvood. Principal. 

First Grade: Miss Grace Bates. 
First Grade: Miss Bessie Brown. 
Second Grade Ai: Miss Elizabeth Willson. 
Second Grade A-: Miss Hilda Gloetzner. 
Third Grade A: Miss Margaret Stedman. 
Third Grade B: Mrs. L. D. Womble. 
Fourth Grade A: Miss Carrie Bright. 
Fourth Grade B: Miss Frances Lacy. 
Fifth Grade: Miss Rebecca Merritt. 
Sixth Grade A^: Miss Bell Fleming. 
Sixth Grade A-: Miss Elizabeth Whyte. 
Seventh Grade Ai: Miss Marshall Cole. 
Seventh Grade A-: Miss Minnie Russell, 

MURPHEY SCHOOL— 3/is« Mary W. Quinn. Principal. 

First Grade: Miss Flora McN. Boyce. 

Second Grade B: Miss Amy Stockard. 

Second Grade A: Miss Eva Godfrey. 

Third Grade: Miss Henrietta Lee. * 

Fourth Grade A: Miss Eunice Watson. 

Fourth Grade B: Miss Mary Burton. 

Fourth Grade Advanced: Miss Elizabeth Hughes. 

Fifth Grade: Miss Emma Conn. 

Sixth Grade: Miss Myrtle Miller. 

Seventh Grade: Miss Jane Williams. 

Baleigh 'Toirn-ship Graded tichools, 1015-1910 

CENTENNIAL SCHOOL— Miss Mart/ A. Page. Principal. 

First Grade: Miss Ella Ford. 
Second Grade B: Miss Beryl Taylor. 
Second Grade A: Miss Virginia Eldridge. 
Third Grade: Miss Annie Fenner. 
Fourth Grade A: Miss Bertha Holman. 
Fourth Grade B: Miss Belle Mitchiner. 
Fifth Grade A: Miss Leona Love. 
Fffth Grade B: Mrs. P. T. Smith. 
Sixth Grade: Miss Laura Tillett. 
Seventh Grade: Miss Nannie Leach. 
Ungraded Room: Miss Mary Holman. 

THOMPSON SCHOOL— Mrs. M. B. Terrell. Principal. 

First Grade: Miss Elizabeth Holman. 
Second Grade: Mrs. W. S. Thomas. 
Third Grade: Miss Heber Birdsong. 
Fourth Grade: Miss Annie Hardy. 
Fifth Grade: Mrs. P. C. Green. 
Sixth Grade: Mrs. W. L. Beasley. 

LEWIS SCHOOL— Miss Myrtle Underwood, Principal. 

First Grade A: Miss Myrtle Underwood. 
First Grade B: Mrs. C. H. Usry. 
Second Grade: Miss Nan Lacy. 
Third Grade: Miss Elizabeth Hunter. 
Fourth Grade: Miss Ruth Thomas. 
Fifth Grade: Miss Lula Pratt. 

PILOT MILLS SCHOOL— Miss Minnie Bedford, Principal. 

First Grade: Miss Minnie Bedford. 
Second Grade: Miss Lizzie Terrell. 
Third Grade: Miss Lizzie Terrell. 
Fourth Grade: Miss Bessie Ivey. 
Fifth Grade: Miss Bessie Ivey. 

CARALEIGH SCHOOL— Mrs. Katie Breece, Principal. 

First Grade: Miss Fannie Webb. 
Second Grade: Miss Fannie Webb. 
Third Grade: Mrs. Katie Breece. 
Fourth Grade: Mrs. Katie Breece. 

Miss Nannie Smith, Art. 
Miss Clara M. Chapel Vocal Music. 
Miss Grace E. Clark, Physical Training. 
Miss Gertrude Sliter, Domestic Science. 
Dr. Aldert S. Root, Medical Inspector. 
D. R. Byrum, Attendance Officer. 

6 BaUigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 



J. H. Brunch. Principal, Deceased December, 1915. 
J. L. Levister, Successor, January, 1916. 

First Grade A: Miss P. M. Love. 

First Grade B: Miss M. C. Tucker. 

First Grade C: Miss L. M. Jeffries. 

Second Grade A: Mrs. I. M. Mitchell. 

Second Grade B: Mrs. M. M. Eaton. 

Third Grade A: Mrs. M. B. Askew. 

Third Grade B: Miss L. C. Pearce. 

Fourth Grade: Miss S. E. Jackson. 

Fifth Grade: Mrs. B. E. Branch. 

Sixth Grade: Miss T. M. Nichols. 

Seventh Grade: J. H. Branch; J. L. Levister, Successor. 

GARFIELD SCHOOL—./. W. Ligon. Principal. 
Third Grade: Mrs. A. E. Jones. 
Third Grade: Miss L. M. Hunter. 
Third Grade: Mrs. L. M. Hunter. 
Fourth Grade: Miss C. D. Perry. 
Fourth Grade: Miss M. A. Burwell. 
Fifth Grade: Miss D. B. Birdsall. 
Fifth Grade: Miss E. H. Perry. 
Sixth Grade: Miss Mary E. Phillips. 
Seventh Grade: Mrs. N. W. Fuller. 
Eighth Grade: J. W. Ligon. 

CROSBY SCHOOL— Miss Julia Aynee, Principal. 
First Grade Ai: Miss F. E. Huyler. 
First Grade A-': Miss A. E. Gorham. 
First Grade B: Miss S. D. Evans. 
First Grade C: Mrs. Hattie T. Mitchell. 
First Grade D: Mrs. Celia J. Wortham. 
Second Grade A: Miss A. L. Thomas. 
Second Grade B: Miss Rachel McCauley. 
Second Grade C: Miss E. E. Hunter. 

OBERLIN SCHOOL— TTieo. F. Williams, Principal. 
First Grade: Mrs. A. P. O'Kelly. 
Second Grade: Miss M. B. Flagg. 
Third Grade: Miss K. B. Stirrup. 
Fourth Grade: Miss F. J. Sims. 
Fifth Grade: Miss F. J. Sims. 
Sixth Grade: Miss M. L. Graves. 
Seventh Grade: Miss M. L. Graves. 
Eighth Grade: Theo. F. Williams. 

Miss Beatrice L. Jones, Domestic Science. 
L. H. Roberts, Supervisor of School and Home Gardening. 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 






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High School Graduates, 1915-1916 

Theodora Anderson 
Jeanette Ball 
Pauline Bagnvell 
Eva Mae Berrj 
Minnie Brown 
Elizabeth Calvert 
iS'atalie Colt'ey 
Marion Edwards 
Mary Gardner 
Ida Mae Jordan 
Sadie Kaplan 
Annie Kitehin 
Elizabeth Kilgore 
Hazel Maxwell 
Maude Miller 
Edith Russell 
Josephine Shipnian 
Mattie Smethurst 

Louise Yates 
Margaret Young- 
Albert Barnes 
Earl Betts 
Don Daniels 
Arthur Johnson 
Percy Lynch 
LaFayette Marion 
Eugene Mills 
Melvin Pakula 
Linier Payne 
Robert Phillips 
Ross Pillsbury 
Roy Pool 
Caswell Riddle 
Corydon Spruill 
Harrell Smith 
Brainard Whitina: 

Holders of Junior Order Medals: 
High School — Mo/elle Markhani. 
Gramnuu- School — Ludlow \Varreii. 
Winners of — 

Spelling Trophy — Tlionipson School. 
Writing Trophy — Centennial School. 
Attendance Trophy — Pilot Mills School. 
Winner of St. Mary's Scholarship — Marion Edwards. 
Winner of Peace Institute Scholarship ]\[edal — Elizabeth 

Winner of Richard H. Lewis Debaters' Medal — Thomas 

Winner of Ten-Dollar Domestic Science Prize — Vara 

Ralku;ii, X. C.. X()veiiil)er -27, 1 '.•!(). 

On Friday, the 23d of June, liiKi, .Mr. Gnstav Iu)sentlial, 
fur iiiaiiy years the Secretary of the Raleigh Township 
School Ccniniittte, ]:as?cd into the great heyond. 

He was horn Angust ol. ls;')7. in Paridiini, Germany, and 
came to this country with his parents when twenty-one years 
of age. 

He was elected a member of the Raleigh Townshi]) School 
Committee in 1885; was made Secretary in 1893, and served 
efficiently in this office u]) to the time of his death. He was 
at one time a mcndrer of the Board of Aldermen and was 
ex officio ^Mayor of the City of Raleigh. He served for a 
nnmber of years as the confidential ad\iser of George W. 
Swepson in the management of his large estate. 

He possessed many traits of character that won for him 
strung personal friends. These he retained thronghont his 
life. He was quick-witted and good at repartee. He never 

seemed to care for popularity, l>ut trusted to the sense of 
justice of fair-minded citizens to a])})rove his acts. He "was 
always cheerful and courteous, and exeuiplitied in his life 
the hi;^hest type of a gentleman. 

He took peculiar interest as Secretary in the conduct of 
the Raleigh Public Schools, and gave them his entire time. 
He believed in discipline, and as a school committeeman 
could always lie cou.nted on to do his duty fearlessly as he 
saw it. 

He was a ]\[ason of high rank, and vras a trustee of the 
Oxford ()r]ilianage. The school children of Tlaleigii lost in 
him a most valued friend. 

Report of the Superintendent of Schools 

Raleigh, K C, July 1, 1916. 

To the School Committee of Raleigh Township. 

Gentlemen : — At no time since my connection with the 
Raleigh Schools have we labored under greater difficulties 
than during the past year. The burning of the Murphey 
School one week before the opening last fall and the previous 
destruction by fire of the Brooklyn School forced us to care 
for the pupils of these two schools during afternoon hours 
at the Wiley and High School. We placed the primary chil- 
dren at the Wiley School and the upper grammar grades at 
the High School We took these children from twelve-thirty 
to five o'clock. By necessity the hours were shorter and the 
classes crowded. Then, too, at this time of the day children 
cannot study as well as during the morning hours ; neither 
can the teachers teach as well.. If the school work has been 
unsatisfactory, the cause should be attributed to these condi- 
tions over which we had no control. Be it said to the credit 
of the teachers, I believe they have done the best possible 
under such discouraging conditions. It will be a great re- 
lief when we can resume our morning sessions throughout 
the system and gradually work out of our crowded condition 
when we get into our new buildings. 

Our enrollment for the past year in the difi'erent schools 
was as follows : 

I. White: 

High School 378 (an increase of 29 ) 

Wiley School 574 (a decrease of 11) 

Murphey 426 ( a decrease of 35 ) 

Centennial 507 (an increase of 62) 

Thompson 314 (an increase of 17) 

Lewis 288 (an increase of 115 ) 

10 Raleigh Township Oracled Schools, 1915-1916 

Pilot Mills 135 (an increase of 14) 

Calaleigh 100 (an increase of 7) 

Total 2,722 (an increase of 198) 

II. Colored: 

Washington School 482 (an increase of 15) 

Garfield 455 (an increase of 28) 

Crosby 388 (a decrease of 23) 

Oberlin 253 (an increase of 11) 

Total 1,578 (an increase of 31) 

The enrollment, therefore, the past year was -1,300, as 
compared to 4,071 the year previous. The schools thus show 
a st(_ady increase from year to year. 

Although efficiency of the teaching corps determines for the 
most j)art the results obtained, still unfavorable conditions 
under which the teachers work may so hinder the work that 
the results achieved will be far from satisfactory. The 
School Committee will apjjreciate, I feel sure, the abnormal 
conditions of the past year, and make due allowance for fail- 
ure to come up to expectations. Crowded classes, afternoon 
sessions and short daily sessions, divided schools, all have 
served to hinder the progress of the children, 

I am glad to connnend the spirit of the teachers in the 
Ealeigh Schools. Thirty-seven of them have obtained a 
special certificate of penmanship from the A. 'N. Palmer Com- 
pany. To merit this certificate requires one year of practice 
in the various drills in the method which we teach to the 
children. At the close of the present year, we hope to be 
able to report that practically all of the teachers are profi- 
cient in penmanship. The following attended the summer 
session at Columbia : Miss M. W. Quinn, Miss Myrtle Miller, 
Miss Flora Boyce, Miss Henrietta Lee, Miss Mary Burton, 
Miss Minnie Sparrow, and Miss Mary Ilowland, Miss Lula 
Pratt and Miss Rebecca Merritt attended Chicago University, 
Quite a number attended summer schools in this State and 

Baleigh Township Graded Schools. 1913-1916 11 

in other States. Most of these teachers have incurred this 
expense at a great personal sacrifice. 

For the third time a six-weeks' summer session was held 
at the High School. The attendance each session has been 
larger than the preceding. The income in tuition charges 
almost equaled the expense of operation. The following 
teachers composed the faculty : Mr. ^Morson, Mr. Marion, 
Miss Whyte, Mrs. Barbee, Miss Bates, and Miss Lee. One 
hundred and nineteen pupils were enrolled. 

The High School Orchestra, organized the past year, was 
an achievement of which we take special pride. This was 
done hy charging each student five dollars. Mr. Gustav 
Hagedorn gave two periods a week to this work and great 
enthusiasm was aroused among the High School students. 
We have discovered a large number of pupils in the High 
School who are music lovers. In the future we hope to serve 
Baleigh in the music Hue when Baleigh needs music. 

I wish to call your attention to the success of the Teachers' 
Mutual Aid Society organized one year ago. Bractically 
every teacher is a member of this so<'iety and contributes one 
per cent of his or her salary monthly to the pension fund, 
which now amounts to over eight hundred dollars. This 
fund is on deposit at the Wake County Savings Bank at four 
per cent. It is the purpose of the society to aid teachers 
wTien sick, and to give a pension of twenty-five dollars a month 
to those whose teaching jwwer has been impaired by age. 
The contribution from the Committee of tuition money has 
met with grateful response from the teaching corps. 

A just way of promoting teachers is one of the most difii- 
cult tasks that confronts school boards. That efiiciency rather 
than term of service should be the detennining factor is be- 
yond the pale of discussion. How this efficiency is to be de- 
termined is the Superintendent's special problem. In this 
report I wish to outline briefly a plan which, though imper- 
fect, is at least an honest attempt to solve this perplexing 
problem. Efficiency depends for the most part on the fol- 

1'2 li(del(ih Townsltip Graded Schools. 1915-1916 

lowing qualifications in the order named: (1) Personality. 
(2) Character. (3) Scholarship. (4) Professional Train- 
ing. (5) Technique of Classroom Instruction. (6) Teach- 
ing Attitude. (7) Attitude Toward Fellow Teachers and 
Superior Officers. (S) Ability to Peach Children and 

Personality includes personal appearance, personal man- 
ners, tact, magnetism. Character embraces innate honesty in, 
things little and big, sincerity, positiveness, initiative, and 
moral courage. Scholarshi]) means accurate knowledge re- 
sulting from training and study. Under professional train- 
ing comes work done at normal schools, summer schools, and 
universities. Classroom techni(pTe conies only after experi- 
ence in the schoolroom and includes a perfect mastery of the 
subjects to be taught, including penmanship, vocal music, 
physical training, drawing, and handwork. The teacher's 
attitude toward her work depends on her love for that work. 
Excellence in any line comes only after earnest, faithful 
striving. The teacher who strives has the correct attitude : 
she plans her work ahead ; never appears before her class un- 
prepared ; studies home conditions; never strives for popu- 
larity at a sacrifice of thoroughness ; is full of energy, and 
finds real pleasure in her work. The teacher's attitude to- 
ward her fellow-teachers and her superior officers is of the 
greatest imi^ortance. She is loyal, wisely refraining from 
adverse criticism ; she is cooperative, never unreasonably 
opinionated, is o]ien-minded ; always striving to observe the 
Golden Rule. 

Finally, the teacher's success will depend largely on her 
ability to win and deserve the confidence and good will of 
her pn|)ils and patrons. Do thoughtful parents cooperate 
with her ^ Do her pupils speak well of her in their homes? 
Is she a source of strength to the system ( 

Thus in lirief is an outline of a plan l)y which a teacher's 
efficiency may lie judged. I propose to submit the plan out- 
lined as above to the ])rin('ipals and to the teachers, inviting 

EaJetgh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 13 

suggestions as to improving the scheme. Reward for eiH- 
ciencY satisfies any teacher's sense of justice. 

In closing this report I wish to express my sincere appre- 
ciation to the teachers and principals for their synij)athy and 
good will ; I wish to commend the truant officer for his tireless 
la,bors in securing better attendance ; it is a pleasure to speak 
in high terms of the janitors who have responded willingly 
when called on for extra service. This report would not be 
complete without an expression from me of gratitude to the 
School Committee for continued evidence of your confidence 
and good will. If I can deserve the love of the children of 
Raleigh, the respect and good will of the teachers, and the 
confidence of the Board, who represent the people of Raleigh, 
I shall be abundantly satisfied. 

Feaxk M. IIarpek, 


Report of Supervisor of Drawing 

SuPEEiNTEXDE^sTT Feaxk M, Hakpee^ Raleigh, N. C. 

Dear. Sie : — I herewith submit my report as Supervisor of 
Drawing for the year 1915-1916. 

With the exception of one period at the High Schooh all 
of my time was spent at the gTammar schools. 

I visited the Wiley, Thompson, Murphey, and Centennial 
schools each week, and the Lewis, Pilot Mills, and Caraleigh 
schools three times a month. It has been a great advan- 
tage to have the use of the automobile to reach the mill 
schools, as no time was lost. 

I have had good work in the different schools, but owing to 
the crowded conditions, the regular number of drawing les- 
sons could not be held in some of the schools, and for this 
reason it was thought l)est not to have an exhibition of this 
year's work. 

Until some arrangement for drawing is made at the High 
School, a drawing room titted for that pur})ose, I do not 
think it advisable to have a class there. 

It is very necessary that the pupils should have lockers 
for their work, and sufficient time should be spent in the 
drawing room to enable them to do finished work. If this 
could 1)0 done, then the Drawing Course could be among the 
regular High School courses. 

The High School Class should not be neglected for these 
reasons: just at this time the young boy or girl is going to 
choose his or her vocation ; in the grammar schools they have 
had training in nature study and various other kinds of 
drawing; they may be greatly influenced by the work done in 
the drawing class. Often the boy who has little or no inter- 
est in his school work finds himself suddenly aroused to an 
enthusiasm for })rinting or drawing cartoons or for some 
form of commercial work. 

Raleigh Toiniship Graded Schools, 1915-1916 15 

As a child grows up and begins to surround himself with 
material things, necessities, comforts, and luxuries, the train- 
ing he has had in color and space relations should guide him 
in his selections. 

"Practical art education raises the standard of living, and 
the great aim today is to better the environment of the people 
who are the gTeat contributors to the industries.'' 

Respectfully, ISTaxnie E. Smith, 

Teacher of Drawing. 

Report of Supervisor of Music 

SuPEKixTEXDEM' Fkaa'k AJ . IIakpek, Edleigli, N. C. 

Deak Sik : — The Progressive Music Series was introduced 
into the ]uililic schools at the beginning of the school year. 
Book One is used in the second and third grades. Book Two 
in the fourth and lifth grades, and Book Three in the sixth 
and seventh grades. The latter was not used, owing to the 
fact that we had a sufficient nundjcr of the common school 
books on hand. 

The time in the first grade is devoted to tone work, ear- 
training, rhythm, rote songs, and a very little sight-reading 
from the board. 

On account of the short hours for some of the High School 
classes, my work there has l)een confined to the freshmen. I 
have had two thirty-minute classes each week. Some arrange- 
ment should be made which Avould enable the Supervisor to 
have more time for High School work. There is plenty of 
good talent there, but no time is given for its development. 

The first evening of the State Teachers' Assembly the city 
schools furnished the music. A girls' chorus sang "My Heart 
at Thy Sweet Voice." The primary grades gave a demon- 
stration of their work. A chorus of seventy-five boys sang 
"Sailing." They received great applause, as this was the 
first time in the history of the schools that such a large chorus 
of boys had api)eared before the public. 

The Physical Training and Music departments gave their 
annual Spring Festival May 12th. Five hundred and forty 
children participated in the dances or songs on this occasion. 

Great improvement has been made on the part of the teach- 
ers as to their capability and interest in carrying on the work 
in music. Eespectfully, 

Claka ]\rAY Chapel^ 
Sirperrisor of Vocal Music. 

North Carolina State Library 

Report of the Supervisor of Physical Training 

SuPERiivTE:v'r)E>-T Fraxk :Sl. Harper, Baleigh, N. C. 

Beak Sir: — At the licginniiig of the school year in Se2> 
tember, 1915, as an unusual number of hollow-chested, nar- 
row-shouldered girls entered the High School, it was planned, 
first of all, to give these girls all out-of-door exercise. Bas- 
kets for basket-ball were put into the side yard and a volley- 
ball court was marked out. These two games became very 

In addition to this work during school hours, each class 
was taken on a "hike"' or for a rowing lesson once each week. 
The girls aimed to cover at least four miles on each "hike." 

When the weather became too cold or rainy for this out-of- 
door work, formal gynniastics were started indoors, consist- 
ing of stretching, leg, head, arm, trunk, jDreciiiitant, and 
breathing exercises. 

The regular work was also done in the graded schools, con- 
sisting of formal gymnastics and games. 

Special mention should be made of the very good work in 
physical training which Miss Elizabeth Whyte has carried on 
in the sixth and seventh grades at Wiley School during the 

March 1st practice was begun for the regular exhibition of 
physical training, Avhich was given May 12th in the city audi- 
torium in the form of "A Garden Party." 

As it is very evident that all High School girls need more 
exercise and recreative work. I would suggest that at least 
three days a week be devoted to the High School, and that 
each pupil have two periods of eighty minutes each. It is 
necessary to allow the girls fifteen minutes in which to change 
their clothes and dress again, which leaves just twenty-five 
minutes out of a forty-minute period. This length of time 
is entirely inadequate. 

]8 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

I have noticed more and more this past year that most of 
the teachers do not know how to give the lessons which are 
sent them for everv-day work. I would therefore suggest 
that it be made compulsory for each teacher to take one lesson 
n week in physical training. 

Respectfully, G. Ellen ClaeK;, 

Supervisor of Physical Training. 

Report of Supervisor of Domestic Science 

Superintendent Frank M. Harper, Baleigli, N. C. 

Dear Sir : — The following is a report of the Avork done in 
the Domestic Science Department during the past year 

There have been 44 sophomore girls reporting for domestic 
science this year, two periods a week for cooking and one 
period a week for bacteriology. The work in cooking in- 
cluded preserving and canning; the combination of foods to 
malve well-balanced meals ; the setting of the table, and table 
service. We have paid special attention to the cost of food, 
figuring the cost of each food prepared. Four luncheons 
were given at the end of the course by the girls of this class. 
Each class was given $2.50 Avith which to buy, prepare and 
serve a four-course luncheon for six guests. This plan worked 
out admirably, and, I hope, served to teach them in a small 
measure the value of money. 

The work in bacteriology covered the study of bacteria, 
yeasts and molds in the household, also the digestion and 
assimilation of food, and a limited study of dietaries. 

There have been 72 freshmen girls taking cooking, one 
period of 80 minutes per week and one forty-minute period 
per week for dietetics. The work in freshman cooking in- 
cludes a study of food, its source and value, and chemical 
changes during cooking. The new text-book, "Foods and 
Household Management,'' has proved to be most satisfactory. 

As usual, lunches have been served at the noon hour. These 
lunches, including soup, salad, sandwiches, cocoa, fruit, cake, 
etc., have been prepared and served by dift'erent groups of 
girls. We hope, next year, through better arrangement and 
]3lanning in our new quarters, to be able to serve lunches more 
conveniently and more efficiently. 

Respectfully, Gertrude Suiter, 

Teacher of Domestic Science. 

Report of Teacher of Commercial Work 

SuPERiNTEiN^DEXT Feank ]\I. IIakpee, Raleigh. X. C. 

Dear Sir :• — I herewith submit my re])ort as teacher of 
eommei'c'ia] work for the year 1915-1910. 

This course consists of business methods, bookkeeping, 
shorthand, and typewriting. There have been about one 
linndred pupils in these classes this year. 

In the freshnuin class Ave conqdeted the first book in 
business Methods. In the sophomore class we took up 
'•deary's vSystem of l]ookkeei)ing/" Part One. In the junior 
class we completed "Practical Course in Graham Shorthand'' 
and began dictation. The senior class has reached a speed in 
shorthand of eighty to one hundred and twenty words a 

The ])U}iils have been doing much better work in typewrit- 
ing this year, tiwing to the fact that the ty})ewriters are near 
the business room and the Avork can thus have better super- 
vision. We are in great need of more machines, and I hope 
that at least two new machines nuiy be added next year. 

I am glad to announce that most of the pupils who have 
completed the stenograjdiic work have secured positions, and 
that several Avho left school before completing this work have 
also secured positions, and we have received favorable reports 
from all of them. Respectfully, 

Gladys Richards, 
Teacher of Commercial Branches. 

Report of Instructor of Ungraded Pupils 

Raleigh, ^. C, June 6, 1916. 

Superintendent Frank M, Harper, Raleigh, N. C. 

Dear Sir: — The following is a report of the work done 
in the ungraded room during the past year : 

Twenty-five children were given special attention in this 
room. Eleven were in the first gi-ade, four in the second 
grade, five in the third grade, and five in the fourth gTade. 

With individual instruction on every subject, eight of 
these were able to complete a course of study in two years. 

They have also been taught hand-loom weaving, sewing, 
basketry, and woodworking. 

Their improvement must necessarily be slow, as they grasp 
things only after repeated efi^orts. 

Their conduct, their willing-ness to work, their spirit to- 
ward school, as well as the quality of the manual work done, 
has improved very much since last year. 

The eight older boys in the third and fourth grades have 
this year for the first time been able to measure and mark 
out their own work in wood. Two of these can now follow 
plans and measurements of simple things alone. The other 
six can only do it with continual help and suggestions. 

On account of the influence of these hoys, over the younger 
children and the girls, it seemed advisable to separate them 
and make two classes. 

Those in the first and second grades came from until 11 
o'clock. Some of these began their w^ork at 8 :30. 

The other group of boys came from 11 until 2 o'clock. 
This has been a great improvement. These boys at Christ- 
mas time made simple toys and decorated a tree for the 
younger children. 

I would suggest that a room be made for boys such as these. 
Thev are capable of doing some of the work in the fourth 

i>3 BaJeigh Toivnsliip Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

and fifth grades, with individual instruction. They ought 
to be separated from the regular grades where they take the 
teacher's time, trying to force them to do the work with the 
other children. Eespectfully, 

Mary B. Holman, 
Teacher of Ungraded Room. 

Report of Medical Inspector 

Ealeigh, N. C, July 10, 1916. 
SuPEEixTEXDEJvT Fea]N'k M. Haepee, RcilfAgli , N. C. 

Dear Sie : — I beg herewith to submit my report upou the 
work of medical inspection of schools and school children for 
the session 1915-1916. 

As in 2>i'evious annual reports, this one is in part a sum- 
mary of what has been accomplished since the inauguration 
of medical inspection in the Raleigh school system four years 
ago with the close of the past school year. 

Vaccinations. — Regular rounds were made at all of the 
schools, and those children wdio w^ere not successfully, or 
never had been, vaccinated were given this prophylactic 

A total of 452 vaccinations were made, 237 w^hite and 215 
negTo children. During 1912-''13, 350 white and 450 negro 
children were vaccinated; during 1913-'14, 209 white and 
540 negTo children, and during 1914-'15, 436 white and 454 
negroes were vaccinated by the Medical Inspector — a total 
in the four years of 1,232 white children and 1,659 negroes; 
in all, 2,891 vaccinations. 

The School Board wall be relieved of the expense attendant 
upon the purchase of vaccine points in the future, as the 
State Board of Health furnishes these in any quantity — 

Contagious Diseases. — The following cases of contagion 
were excluded from school by the Medical Inspector : 

Furunculosis (boils) 4 

Gonorrhcea 1 

Impetigo 21 

Mumps 15 

Pediculosis capitis 7 

Ringworm 8 

Scabies 8 

24 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

Sore throat 15 

Tonsilitis 1 

Tuberculosis of luugs 1 

Whooping-cough 10 

Unfortunately, there was a widespread epidemic of mumps 
in Raleigh the past spring, which interfered materially with 
the school attendance. The failure of parents to early re- 
cognize this condition was largely responsible for this. 

Hookworms. As usual, those children who presented 
symptoms of hookworm disease as manifested by pallor, men- 
ial or physical lethargy, etc., were selected as possibly being 
infested with intestinal parasites. There were about 125 of 
these. Six cases of hookworm and ten of other intestinal 
parasites were discovered and treated by the Medical In- 

FJiysical Examinations. — 1,161 children underwent physi- 
cal examinations the past session. Of this number, 76 had 
enlarged tonsils and adenoids, 88 enlarged tonsils, 24 ade- 
noids, ISS had nasal obstruction from all causes, 45 had 
defective hearing, 851 decayed teeth, 6C) orthopedic defects 
(stooj) shoulders, spinal curvature, deformities from paral- 
ysis, etc., etc.). There were 134 nervous children, and 566 
children who had impaired nutrition. 

Of the 613 children whose vision were examined by the 
Pehuellen chart, 170 were found to have defective eyesight. 

Seven children were examined by the Simon Binet test for 
measuring intelligence. Five were found to be subnormal 
and two over two years backward. 

The following statistics serve to make a comparison of the 
physical status of the Raleigh school child with that of th3 
average American school child, based upon the examination 
of 64,000 children : 

Defective Vision: 

Average for American school child 25.28% 

Average in Raleigh schools (4,469 examined) 23.9 % 

For white children 22.6 % 

For negro children 26.2 % 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools. 1915-1916 25 

Enlarged Tonsils and Adenoids: 

Average in Raleigh Schools (5,641 examined) 7.55% 

For white children 8.2 % 

For negro children 6.4 % 

Enlarged Tonsils: 

Average in Raleigh schools (5,641 examined) 6.25% 

For white children 5.4 % 

For negro children 8.4 % 


Average in Raleigh schools (5,641 examined) 5.05% 

For white children 5.3 % 

For negro children 4.6 % 

Nasal Obstruction (All Causes) : 

Average for American school child 12.24% 

Average in Raleigh schools (5,641 examined) 18.85% 

For white children 18.9 % 

For negro children 19.4 % 

Defective Hearing: 

Average for American school child 3 % 

Average in Raleigh schools (5,641 examined) 3.59% 

For white children 3.9 % 

For negro children 2 % 

Decayed Teeth: 

Average for American school child 20 to 70 % 

Average in Raleigh schools (5,641 examined) 65 % 

For white children 68.1 % 

For negro children 58.3 % 

Nervous Children: 

Average for American school child 5 to 15 % 

Average in Raleigh schools (5,641 examined) 12.7 % 

For white children 14.6 % 

For negro children 9.3 % 

Orthopedic Defects: 

Average for American school child .' 10 % 

Average in Raleigh schools (5,641 examined) 7.05% 

For white children 8.2 % 

For negro children 5.1 % 

Nutrition (5,641 examined) : 

Good 64 % 

Fair 26.4 % 

Poor 9.6 % 

26 Raleigh Township Graded SchooIs^. 1915-1916 

Scltool Hygiene. — Visits were frequently made to all oi 
the schools with view of noting the hygienic conditions, the 
temperature and ventilation of the schoolrooms and sanitary 
condition of toilets and privies. 

While ••overcrowding" has l)een an unfortunate necessity 
during the past session, the cubic air space per pupil will be 
^utfieient with the completion of the modern buildings now 
under construction. 

I beg to thank the Superintendent, the School Board, and 
teachers for their generous cooperation in my work, and upon 
which I have been greatly dependent. 

Respectfully, Albert S. Root, 

Medical Inspector. 

Report of Supervisor of Domestic Science 
Colored Schools 

Superinte:n'dent Frank J\I. Hakpee, Raleigh, N. C. 

Dear Sir: — I herewith submit my report of the domestic 
science work in the Raleigh Public Schools for the year end- 
ing June 2, 1916. 

Xinety-two were enrolled in the cooking class, and 140 in 
the sewing class. 

The sixth, seventh and eighth grades of the Garfield and 
Washington schools reported one period of ninety minutes a 
week for cooking, and one period of sixty minutes a week for 
sewing. The fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth grades of the 
Oberlin School reported sixty minutes a week for sewing. 

The course of study given this year was very much as in 
previous years. In cooking, the sixth and seventh gTades 
studied "Josephine Morris's Household Science and Art." 
In these classes we took up the study of different foods, their 
food value, relation to the body, and preparation. The 
eighth grade studied bacteriology. They also took up the pre- 
servation of foods, invalid cookery, combining of different 
dishes to form well-balanced meals, setting a table, and proper 
serving of meals. The ability of the girls to do this was 
shown in their preparing and serving three meals, two to 
different sets of teachers and one to a class of boys in agricul- 
ture, the vegetables coming from the school garden. 

In sewing, the girls in the sixth and seventh gi-ades have 
done only hand-sewing. They have learned all the funda- 
mental stitches and their uses. After learning these stitches, 
they have made small articles using them. In the sixth 
grade the articles made Avere sewing aprons, bags and towels. 
The seventh grade made lingerie. The eighth gTade made 
plain suits of underclothing and plain dresses on machines. 

As will be noticed, the class is larger this year than before. 
There are entirely too many children for the supervision oi 

28 Raleigh Townsliip Graded Scliools, 191o-1916 

one teacher for both sewing' and cooking. Very little can be 
accomplished. The amount of work done is only accom- 
plished by a great deal of work being done after school hours. 
Many of the children are very much interested in this work, 
and many who could never acquire very much literary train- 
ing, given more time along this line might do well. The 
work would be gTcatly improved if a room was fitted up in 
the Washington School for sewing. jSTew sewing machines 
are needed in all the schools. I offer the above as suggestions 
as to how the work may be made more efficient. 

In closing my report I wish to express my grateful appre- 
ciation to you, the principals, and teachers for your coopera 
lion and help in every way possible. 

Respectfully. Beatkice L. Jones, 

Teacher of Domestic Science. 

Report of Supervisor of Home Gardening 

SiPEKixTEXDEXT Fea^' K M. Harpek, Raleigh, N. C. 

Dear Sir : — I herewith submit mv report as Supervisor of 
Home Gardening and Teacher of Agriculture in the Public 
Schools for the year ending June, liHG. 

The history of the garden work here is a story of meager 
beginnings, quick actions, and good progress for many city 
children, who haA'e not had any knowledge of gardening 

I came to Raleigh to begin this work January 15, 1915. 
On my arrival I overlooked the land which was to be the 
demonstration plat for the school children, which I was 
to supervise. I also overlooked many other ^•acant plats 
which were to be made into gardens and cultivated under my 
direction. Practically all of the plats were bare. Not any 
vegetables were grown except a few collards and turnips in 
some few gardens. There were no cover crops to enrich the 
soil. Coming from one of the leading trucking sections, as I 
did, this condition was discouraging. However discouraging, 
1 had the one object in view: to help the people help them- 
selves by utilizing the vacant lots, and to make Raleigh one 
of the most beautiful cities in all the South. With the co- 
operation of the Superintendent, mendsers of the Board, teach- 
ers, students, and friends, in time results will, I trust, be 
brought to pass. 

I have interested more than three hundred children in the 
city schools who are receiving the agricultural training. Aside 
from the children from the Garfield and Washington Graded 
School who are receiving this training, thirty children from 
the Crosby School have asked for this work. I took them to 
the garden a few times this term. I also gave them talks oji 
seed germination. They took the talks in and performed the 
experiments well. A large number of gi'own people of va- 
rious ages are doing this work with us, taking up vacant lots 

30 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

here and there. The mothers' chil)S have taken up this work 
also. Although the work is hard, it has been a very great 
pleasure for me to lecture to the mothers on vegetable and 
flower growing and to help in as many other ways as time 
would allow me to do. They always manifested great 
interest in the subjects. I am glad to state that the result 
of these efforts can be seen in the groAvth of line, delicious 
vegetables and beautiful flowers in many parts of the city. 
The develo]uuent has reached a stage of permanence and 
stability with some which takes from it much of the excite- 
ment which arouses general interest. With some, the de- 
velopment is at the very zenith of its interest, while with still 
others it has yet but barely begun. 

It is remarkal^le to note with what degTee of rapidity 
the spirit of thrift, dignity of labor, and love of nature have 
been passed on from one gardener to another. On roll I have 
one hundred and fifty gardens being carried on by the chil- 
dren and parents and hy the mothers' clubs. While some ie^v 
ha^■e failed for one reason or another, there are many who are 
doing well and are playing their part along the vegetable line 
i)otli at home and at the market. Striking evidences of this 
fact show themselves when one compares the vacant lots which 
can be found in the city now with those which were idle at 
the beginning' of the year l'M'>. It is my aim, with the co- 
operation of the i)eople of Raleigh, in the near future, n(^t to 
see one available lot vacant. 

In connection with my work in the city, I have cooj^erated 
with Shaw University, and we have the home-garden work 
going there. I have a class in agriculture twice each week. 
There the ^Mothers' Club is at work with us. I lecture to 
tliem each month on the growth and care of vegetables and 
flowers. The students of the agricultural class have mani- 
fested much interest in the work. And we have a garde?i 
there that is insjnring to those who see it. We have grown 
in the garden cabbage, corn, beans, beets, radish, lettuce, white 
I)Otatoes, sweet potatoes, garden peas, tomatoes, etc. 

Baleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1910 31 

It has been quite a task to get my gardeners to keep a 
record of what they gather from their gardens. The De- 
partment of the Interior, Washington, D. C, has sent daily 
record books for gardeners. So in my next report I will give 
detail achievements from many of my gardeners, .rust here 
it might be well to mention at least two who have done very 
well. But not near so well as I hope that they will do later. 
Gladys Holt, a girl who has a garden 30x 51 feet, has sold 
for cash $19 worth of vegetables. Xo record in full was 
kept of vegetables used at home. C. H. Jordan, garden 
51 X 160 feet. He sold $31 worth of vegetables. This gar- 
den did not occupy all of his time by any means. 

We are not getting as large a result from individual gar- 
dens as we should. This is due to the fact that the soil has 
been made poor by improper use. The ground is left bare 
all winter and the fertility is being carried away by leaching 
and winds. I am advising my gardeners to keep every foot 
of land covered with some cover crop this winter. Winter 
rye is a very economical cover crop. It can be planted from 
first of September to the last of Xovember. and will make a 
good gTowth even later. 

Aside from growing vegetables at home, many of my gar- 
deners are caring for gardens for people of the city, also doing 
landscape work. Some of the boys, if not all, appreciate the 
o]3portunity to learn and do this work, and in time will make 

At the Garfield School I have five grades of 288 pupils 
who are receiving training in agriculture. 


Fourth Grade A 41 

Fourth Grade B ^. . . 68 

Fifth Grade A '.. . 58 

Fifth Grade B 57 

Sixth Grade 37 

Seventh Grade 23 

Eighth Grade 5 

Where the classes are vei;} large they are divided into sec- 


32 Ealeigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

lions. They receive instruction in the classroom forty min,- 
ntes. Thev are instructed in the classroom in the care of 
soils, the relation of the soil to living plants, relation of plants 
to animals, the availability of plant food, rotation of crops, 
how to improve the soil, and the growing of vegetables, fruits, 
and flowers. Then I take the classes out eighty minutes for 
practical training in the garden. I have a class that comes 
from the Washington Graded School for this training also. 

During vacation time the boys who receive the agricultural- 
training during the school term, have a chance to earn money 
by cultivating the school plat. The school has a demonstra- 
tion plat of a little more than three-quarters of an acre near 
the Garfield School. Boys are employed and paid by the 
hour to care for this garden under my supervision. The 
same can be said of this plat that was said of many others : 
the land is very poor and almost exhausted. The land is 
being brought up at the expense of returns in dollars and 
cents. Therefore, the returns from the garden wull not be as 
large as one might expect who did not know the conditions. 

Attached is a statement below showing the financial condi- 
tion of the department up to June 1, 1916. not including seed 
and fertilizer bill for this year, which will appear in my re- 
port ending 1916. 

Money paid for rent, labor, and crop on the land when we 

took it in charge $ 21.50 

Cost of fencing the garden 21.07 

Cost of tools 62.15 

Cost of manure up to January, 1916 24.95 

Cost of labor for plowing 8.97 

Cost of seed 32.55 

One day book and ledger .90 

Cash paid to boys during vacation from school for labor 37.95 



Vegetables sold for cash $ 75.46 

Vegetables exchanged for labor 11.30 

Charges on books 4.15 

Charity 12.30 


i \ 


BaleigJi Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 33 
Vegetables turned back to the soil for manure $ 8.45 

Money value of vegetables grown ; $111.66 

The results from this plat of land may seem small, but this 
IS due to two causes. First, the lack of fertility; secondly, 
the low price received for vegetables sold. 

Although we have not been able to get as large returns 
from the garden as we hoped, I feel that the garden has been 
an inspiration to others. For about it gardens can be found 
now, where there were not any before. And that is our true 
mission after all. to have not the few, but many become in- 
terested in the work. 

In closing, I wish to thank Superintendent Harper and 
the Board for their interest and cooperation in the work. 
Also the principals and teachers for their encouragement and 
help. Respectfully, 

L. H. Roberts. 

The Township School Law 

Ax Act in Eeferexce to the Public Schools ix 
Raleigh Tow^^ship^ Wake Couj^ttt. 

The General Assemhly of North Caroliiui do enact: 

That in order that the public school interests of Raleigh 
Township, Wake Coimtv, may l>e more efficiently and con- 
veniently conducted, the following shall be the law fg)r the 
government of said interests in said township: 

Section 1. That the school committee of said township 
shall consist of six members instead of three, as now required 
by the general school law of this State, to be elected by the 
Board of Aldermen of the City of Raleigh, but no member 
of said committee shall hold any other office under the city 
government of Raleigh except as hereinafter provided. The 
said school committee above provided for shall be divided, 
by ballot, by the said Board of Aldermen, into three classes, 
of two each. The term of office of the first class shall expire 
at the end of two years from a period to be fixed by the said 
board, and the term of office of the second class shall expire 
at the end of four years from said period, and the term of 
Ihe third class at the end of six years from said period. 
Whenever the term of office of any class shall expire as above 
provided, an election shall be held by the said Board of Alder- 
men to fill the vacancy occasioned by the expiration of said 
term, and the term for which those chosen to fill vacancies 
shall be elected shall be a term of six years, so that the said 
school committee shall consist of six members and a chairman 
ex officio. The ]\Iayor of the City of Raleigh shall be the 
chairman ^.i- officio of the said committee, whose duty it shall 
be to i>reside at its meetings, but he shall have no vote on any 
matter before said committee excej)t in case of a tie. When 
a vacancy occurs in any of the classes above provided for, 
otherwise than Ijy expiration of a term, the said vacancy shall 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 35 

be filled by the Board of Aldermen of the City of Raleigh as 
soon as may be convenient. 

Sec. 2. That the school committee created in the foregoing 
section shall have entire and exclusive control of the public 
school interest and property in said township ; shall prescribe 
laws, rules and regulations for their own government, not 
inconsistent with the provisions of this act ; shall employ and 
fix the compensation of officers and teachers of the public 
schools annually ; shall take an accurate census of the school 
population of the township, as required by the general school 
law of the State, and do all other acts which may be just and 
lawful to conduct the public school interests in said township : 
Provided^ that no person shall be employed as an officer or 
teacher in the public schools of said township who is within 
two degrees of relationship by blood or marriage to any mem- 
ber of the said school co mm ittee: And provided further, that 
no member of said school committee shall be in any way, 
directly or indirectly, interested in the sale of any books, 
school apparatus or other school supplies to the public schools 
of said township. 

Sec. 3. The school committee created by this act may elect 
annually a superintendent of schools, who shall be principal 
of the Centennial Graded School and general supervisor of 
the public schools of Raleigh Township. The said superin- 
tendent shall examine as to their efficiency all applicants for 
positions as teachers in the public schools of said township, 
and perform such other duties as may be prescribed by the 
said school committee. 

Sec. 4. That the moneys which shall from time to time be 
apportioned under the general school law of the State to 
Raleigh Township, and any moneys to which said township 
may be entitled by reason of any special tax, gift, grant, 
apportionment or otherwise, shall be received by the Treas- 
urer of Wake County, who shall be treasurer ex officio of the 
aforesaid school committee of Raleigh Township ; and the 
said treasurer shall, immediately upon receipt of such moneys. 

36 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

report the same to the said school eomraittee for apportion- 
ment, as prescribed hereinafter. The moneys received as 
aforesaid shall be held by the said treasurer as a separate 
fund, to be disposed of alone under direction of the aforesaid 
school committee, whose warrants, signed by the chairman 
and countersigned by the secretary of said committee, shall 
bo suilicient vouchers for said treasurer in any scttlemenx 
required of him by law. The said treasurer shall furnish 
annually to the Finance Committee of the Board of Aldermen 
of the City of Raleigh, at a time to be fixed by the said board, 
a statement, supported by proper vouchers, of all moneys 
received and disbursed on account of public schools in Raleigh 
Township, and if the said statement is found correct, or in- 
correct, by said finance committee, the chairman thereof shall 
certify a cojiy of the same, with a proper endorsement, to the 
said Board of Aldermen at the next regTilar meeting after 
said statement is furnished: Provided, that nothing herein 
shall be construed to conflict with the settlement required of 
said treasurer under the general school law of the State. 

Sec. 5. The general bond now required by law of the afore- 
said treasurer to protect })ublic funds in his hands shall be 
an amount sufficient to include double the amount received to 
the credit of Raleigh Township on account of public schools, 
independent of the amount to secure the funds which may 
come into his hands from other sources. The said treasurer 
of the school connnittee of Raleigh Township shall receive for 
his services as treasurer the compensation allowed by law for 
the receipt and disbursement of public school funds. 

Sec. G. The school connnittee provided for in this act shall 
apportion the money raised or received for educational pur- 
poses in Raleigh Township as shall be just to the white and 
colored races, without discrimination in favor of or to the 
prejudice of either race, due regard being paid to the cost of 
keeping up the public schools for both races. 

Sec. 7. That the said members of the school committee 
shall, before entering upon the discharge of the duties of their 

Raleigh Township .Graded Schools, 1915-1910 37 

office, take an oath, before the Mayor of the City of Raleigh 
or some justice of the peace for Ealeigh Township, to faith- 
fully and honestly dischai-ge the duties of school committee- 
men of Raleigh Township. For any malfeasance within office 
the members of said committee shall be amenable to the 
Board of Aldermen of the City of Raleigh, which board shall 
have the power of dismissal in case of conviction. 

Sec. 8. That the said committee shall make or cause to be 
made to the aforesaid Board of Aldermen an annual report 
of the census of the school population, and the work done and 
money expended under their direction in Raleigh Township 
on account of public schools, at the first meeting of said board 
after the conclusion of each school year, the beginning and 
end of said school year to be fixed by said board ; and the clerk 
of said board shall immediately forward a copy of said report 
to the office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction of 
jSlorth Carolina, whenever it is received and accepted by said 

Sec. 9. The school committee herein created shall be a 
body corporate, by the name and style of "The School Com- 
mittee of Raleigh Township, Wake County," and by that 
name shall, by permission of and under the direction of the 
{•aid Board of Aldermen, be capable of receiving gifts and 
grants, of purchasing and holding real and personal estate; 
of selling, mortgaging and transferring the same for school 
purposes ; of prosecuting and defending suits for or against 
the corporation herein created. Conveyances to said school 
committee shall be to them and their successors in office. 

Sec. 10. That all laws and clauses of laws in conflict with 
this act are hereby repealed. 

Sec. 11. That this act shall be in force from and after its 

In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this 
the 25th day of February, A. D. 1885. 

Sec. 12. An amendment of the Township School Law was 
passed by the General Assembly of 1908, in special session. 

38 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

by striking out, in line three of section three of chapter one 
hundred and forty-three of the laws of one thousand, eight 
hundred and eighty-iive, the following words: "princij)al of 
the Centennial Graded School and." 

Ax Act to Amend Chaptee 550, Public Laws of 1889, 
Relating to the I^umbek of Grades ix the Public 
Schools of Raleigh Township. 
Tlie General Assemhly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That section 4 of chapter 550 of the Public 
Laws of 1889 be and the same is hereby amended by striking 
out all of said section after the word ''eighty-five," in line 14 

Sec. 3. That this act shall be in force from and after its 


An Act Iielating to the Disbursement of the Public 
School Fund of Wake CouxN'ty. 

The General AssemlAij of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That section 9 of chapter 435 of the Public 
Laws of 1903 (substituted for section 24 of the Public Laws 
of 1901) be amended by adding the following words to the 
end of section 9 : "The County Board of Education of Wake 
County, after reserving as a contingent fund the commissions 
of its treasurer, in addition to the other expenses mentioned 
in said section, shall apportion to Raleigh Township, its per 
capita of the school fund, and may devote not exceeding 20 
per cent of the remainder for the other districts to building 
and repairing schoolhouses and proi3erly equipping them in 
those outside of Raleigh Township, on the condition, how- 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 30 

ever, that such expenditure does not reduce the average 
school term to less than five months." 

Sec. 2. That this act shall be in force from and after its 


An Act to Eequire Compulsory Attendance Upon Pub- 
lic Schools in Raleigh Township^ Wake County. 

The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That every parent, guardian or other person 
in Raleigh Township having charge or control of a child be- 
tween the ages of eight and fourteen years shall cause such a 
child to attend regularly some day school (public, private or 
parochial), which shall be duly approved by the school com- 
mittee of Raleigh Township, in which at least six common 
school branches of reading, spelling, writing, arithmetic, Eng- 
lish, and geogTaphy are taught by some competent teacher or 
teachers, whose comiJetency and ability may be determined by 
the said school committee, by examination or otherwise, not 
less than nine school mouths in each calendar year, or shall 
provide such child at home or elsewhere with such regular 
daily instruction during the usual school hours, and shall be, 
in the judgment of a court having jurisdiction, substantially 
equivalent in kind and amount to the instruction given the 
children of like ages in the public schools of said township. 

Sec. 2. That every parent, gTiardian or person in said 
township having charge or control of a child in said township 
between the ages of eight and fourteen years shall cause said 
child to attend some day school as aforesaid: Provided, that 
occasional absence from such attendance by any child between 
the ages of eight and fourteen years not amounting to two 
unexcused absences in four consecutive weeks shall not be 

Sec. 3. That any child between the ages of eight and four- 
teen years may be excused temporarily from complying with 

40 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

the provisions of this act, in whole or in part, if it be shown 
to the satisfaction of a court having jurisdiction that said 
parent, guardian or person having charge or control of said 
child is not able, through extreme destitution, to provide or 
obtain in any waj proper clothing for said child, or the said 
child is mentally or physically incapacitated to attend school 
for the whole ])eriod required, or any part thereof, or that the 
said child has completed the elementary course of study of 
the public schools of Raleigh Township and has received a 
certificate of credit therefor, or has completed the equivalent 
of said course in some other school, the same to be determined 
by an examination to be given said child l>y the superintend- 
ent of the public schools of Kaleigh Township or under his 

Sec. 4. That the school committee of Raleigh Township 
may in its discretion set apart each year a sum, not to exceed 
one per cent of the entire school funds of said township, which 
it may use in ])urchasing books and school sup^jlies for indi- 
gent children found by said committee to be unable to supply 
themselves with such ]>ooks and materials. 

Sec. 5. That the school committee of the said township 
may appoint and remove at pleasure one or more attendance 
officers to enforce the provisions of this act, and to do or per- 
form such other work as said committee may elect, and shall 
iix the compensation and manner of performance of the duties 
of such attendance officers or officer, and shall pay them from 
the pul)lic school funds of said township for their services ; 
;ind the attendance officer or officers as aforesaid shall serve 
written or printed or partly printed and partly written notices 
u];on the ])arents, guardians or persons having charge or con- 
trol of children as aforesaid who violate the provisions of this 
act, that prompt compliance therewith is required; shall when 
reasonable doubt exists as to the age of any child in the said 
township, require a properly attested birth certificate or an 
affidavit stating such child's age, date of birth, and physical 
characteristics ; shall have the right to visit and enter anv 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 41 

office or factory or business bouse employing cbildren as afore- 
said for tbe purpose of enforcing tbe jDrovisions of tbis act; 
sball bave tbe rigbt to require a properly attested certificate 
of attendance of any cbild or cbildren at any day school ; sball 
bave tbe power to arrest witbout warrant all truants and non- 
attendants, as aforesaid, and place tbem in some public scbool, 
unless tbe parents, giiardian or person in cbarge and control 
said cbild, respectively, sball at once j^lace tbem in some 
otber day scbool, as aforesaid ; and sball serve all legal notices 
and subpoenas of tbe court, and make all required arrests in 
tbe cases wbicb tbey prosecute, witbout furtber compensation 
tban tbat paid by tbe scbool committee, as aforesaid, and sball 
carry into effect sucb otber regulations as may lawfully be 
required by tbe said scbool connnittee. 

Sec. 6. Tbat tbe scbool committee of Raleigb Townsbip 
may establisb and maintain from tbe public scbool funds of 
said toAvnsbip one or more ungraded truant or parental scbools 
witbin said townsbi]), and may set apart one or more rooms 
in tbe j)ublic scbool buildings of said townsbip for tbat pur- 
pose, or may in its discretion purchase land and maintain 
separate scbools witbin tbe said toAvnsbip for cbildren between 
tbe ages of eight and fourteen years who are either habitual 
truants from any day scbool in which tbey are enrolled as 
pupils or from instruction upon which tbey are lawfully re- 
quired to attend, or who, while in the attendance of any pub- 
lic school, are incorrigible, vicious or immoral in conduct, or 
who habitually wander or loiter about tbe streets and other 
public places within said townsbip, or who are otherwise 
irregular in their attendance upon scbools, and all sucb chil- 
dren shall be deemed juvenile disorderly persons, and may by 
the scbool committee of said townsbip, through its officers or 
by a court having jurisdiction thereof, be assigned to and 
required to attend sucb parental or truant scbool or any such 
department of the public schools of said township as may be 
designated as a truant school: Provided, that tbe superin- 
tendent of tbe public scbools of said townsbip sball bave 

42 Baleigh Town.'iliip Graded Schools, 191o-1916 

authority in his discretion, by and with the consent of the 
school committee, at any time to change any truant from the 
said truant or parental school to the public schools of said 
township, and may release such truant on the condition that 
he attend regularly upon some other such day school as that 
hereinbefore mentioned. 

Sec. 7. That any parent, guardian or person having con- 
trol of a child between the ages of eight and fourteen years 
who shall violate any provisions of this act shall be warned 
as aforesaid, as soon as possible after the beginning of the 
school term of said township of each year and also at any time 
thereafter when such violation shall be discovered by the 
nttondancc officer herein provided for, to place and keep such 
child in regular attendance at some day school within three 
days of the service of a printed or written notice or partly 
printed or partly written notices of warning, and upon failure 
to comply with this act after a lapse of three days from the 
date of service of said notice of warning, said parent, guard- 
ian or person having charge or control of said child shall be 
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof 
shall ])ay a fine, not less than five dollars nor more than 
twenty-five dollars, or l:)e imjirisoned for not less than two 
days and not more than thirty days: Provided, that said sen- 
tence of fine or imprisonment may be suspended and finally 
remitted by the court, with or without the payment of cost, at 
the discretion of the court, if the said child is immediately 
placed and kept in regular attendance in some day school, as 
aforesaid, and such fact of regular attendance shall be sub- 
sequently proven to the satisfaction of the said court by a 
properly attested certificate of attendance from the superin- 
tendent or teacher of such day school : Provided, further, that 
every day any parent, guardian or person shall willfully and 
urdawfidly keep such child from school after the expiration 
of three days from the service of such notice on such parent, 
guardian or person having control of such child shall consti- 
tute a separate offense and shall subject such person or per- 
sons to the penalties herein prescribed. 

Baleigh Toumshij) Graded Schools, 1915-1916 43 

Sec. 8. That the school committee of Raleigh Township 
shall, during the month of August of each year, publish this 
act in full for ten days in some newspaper published in said 
township, or shall post notices thereof in ten or more such 
public places in said township as will in their judgment best 
give knowledge thereof to the inhabitants of the said township. 

Sec. 9. That no child under fourteen years of age residing 
within the limits of Ealeigh Township shall be employed in 
any factory, workshop or mercantile establishment, or in any 
other iDlace or manner during the usual school hours of said 
township, unless the person employing him shall first procure 
a certificate from the superintendent of the school said child 
last attended, stating that such child attended school for such 
current year for the period required by law, or has been ex- 
cused from attendance as provided in third section hereof; 
and it shall be the duty of said superintendent to furnish such 
certificate upon the application of the parent, guardian or 
person having control of such child entitled to the same. 

Sec. 10. That every owner, superintendent or ofiicer of 
any factory, workhouse or mercantile establishment, and any 
other person who shall employ any child under fourteen years 
of age contrary to the provisions of this act, shall be deemed 
guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall 
be fined for each offense in a sum not less than ten dollars and 
not more than fifty dollars, or imprisoned for no less than 
five nor more than thirty days. 

Sec. 11. That prosecution under this act shall be brought 
in the name of the State of l^J^orth Carolina before any justice 
of tlie peace of the county of Wake residing in said township, 
or before the Police Justice of the City of Ealeigh, and the 
fines collected shall be paid to the treasurer of said county 
aiid be credited to the permanent school fund of said township. 

Sec. 12. That an accurate record of the ages, residence and 
attendance of all children shall be kept by the teacher of every 
school, whether public, private, parochial or tutorial, within 
Raleigh Township, showing each day (by the year, month, 

44 Baleigh Township Graded Scliools, 1915-1916 

day of the mouth and day of the week) such attendance and 
the nnmber of hours in each day thereof, and each teacher, 
upon whose instruction such child shall attend elsewhere than 
at school, shall keep a like record of such attendance. Such 
records shall at all times during school hours be open to the 
attendance officer or other persons duly authorized by the 
school committee of said township to inspect the same, who 
may inspect and copy the same ; and every teacher shall fully 
answer all inquiries lawfully made l)y said school committee, 
.attendance officer or other })ersons lawfully authorized by the 
school committee, as aforesaid, and a willful neglect or refusal 
to answer any such inquiry' shall be a misdemeanor, and any 
person upon conviction thereof shall be fined not less than five 
dollars nor more than thirty dollars or imprisoned for not 
more than thirty days for each ofi'ense. 

Sec. 13. That all laws and clauses of laws contrary to this 
act are hereby repealed. 

Sec. 14. This act shall be in force from and after its rati- 

In the General Asscndily read three times and ratified this 
the Tth dav of :\farch, 1011. 


lite Genera] Assenddi/ of North Carolina do enact: 

Section 1. That the act known as "An act to require com- 
pulsory attendance upon public schools in Ealeigh Township, 
Wake County, being chapter seven hundred and eighteen of 
the Eublic Local Laws of one thousand nine hundred and 
eleven," be and the same is hereby amended as follows : 

(a) By striking out section two of said act. 

(b) ]]y adding at the end of section seven of said act the 
following: "Provided, that any parent, guardian or person 
havinff control of a child between the aoes of eioht and four- 

Ealeigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 45 

teen years who shall have been served with written notice of 
warning for violation of any provision of this act as herein- 
before provided in this section, may, npon a subsequent viola- 
tion of such provision within the current school year, without 
such notice of warning as is hereinbefore provided, be deemed 
guilty of a misdemeanor and fined not more than fifty dol- 

Sec. 2. That all laws and clauses of laws in conflict with 
this act be and the same are hereby repealed. 

Sec. 3. That this shall be in force from and after its 

In the General Assembly read three times, and ratified this 
the 17th day of February, 1913. 

ED APRIL 1, 1885. 

Section 1. Organizcttion. — The members of the commit- 
tee, within ten days after their election, shall meet, as re- 
quired by law, and organize by choosing from their own num- 
ber a chairman and a secretary. 

Sec. 2. Duties of tlie Chairman. — It shall be the duty of 
the chairman to preside at all meetings of the committee, pre- 
serve order, enforce the ordinary parliamentary rules, and 
perform such other duties as usually devolve upon the pre- 
siding officer of a deliberative body or as may be incumbent 
by law. 

Sec. 3. Absence of the Chairman. — In the absence of the 
chairman, the secretary shall call the meeting to order, and 
a chairman pro tempore shall be chosen. 

Sec. 4. Duties of Secretary. — It shall be the duty of the 
secretary to make a complete record of the proceedings of the 
committee and an index to the same, to preserve on file all 
reports and communications that are accepted by the commit- 

46 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

tee, and perform such other duties as may be prescribed bv 
the committee or by law. 

Sec. 5. Standing Committees. — At the regular meeting in 
March, or as soon thereafter as may be, the following stand- 
ing committees shall be chosen: 

1. Financial and iiuditing Committee. 

2. Committee on Buildings, Repairs and Supplies. 

3. Committee on Apjiointment of Teachers. 

4. Committee on Text-books, Apparatus, and Course of 

5. Committee on Rules, Regulations, and Discipline. 

6. Committee on Boundaries and Statistics. 

Sec. 6. Meetings of the School Committee. — The regular 
meetings of the committee shall be held on the last Wednesday 
of each month, at such hour and place as the committee may 
from time to time j^rescribe. Special meetings may be held 
at any time on the call of the chairman or by any two mem- 
bers, and shall l>e with closed doors upon the request of any 
member of the committee. 

Sec. 7. Order of Business. — The chairman shall take the 
chair at the appointed hour and call the members to order, 
and on the appearance of a quorum he shall cause the minutes 
of the previous meeting to be read and disposed of. after 
which the order of business shall be as follows : 

1. Report of committees, standing and special. 

2. Reading petitions and communications. 

3. Reports from secretary, treasurer, and superintendent. 

4. Special orders. 

5. Unfinished business. 

6. jSTew and miscellaneous business. 

Sec. 8. Pcirliamentary Rules. — In the absence of any spe- 
cial rule of the committee, Cushing's Manual shall be con- 
sidered the authority of parliamentary law, and a strict ad- 
herence to the same is enjoined upon all the members. 

Sec. 9. Voting. — Every member who shall be present when 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 19 15-19 IG 47 

a question is put shall give his vote, unless the committee for 
special reason excuse him. 

Sec. 10. Leave of Absence. — j^o member shall lea-ve the 
committee before the close of the session without permission 
of the chairman. 

Sec. 11. Appeals. — Any one member may appeal from 
the decision of the chair on call for the ''Ayes" and "jSToes." 

Sec. 12. Motion to — aSTo question decided by 
the committee shall again be raised during the same school 
year excej)t on motion to reconsider, made by a member who 
voted with the majority, at the same meeting at which the 
question proposed to be reconsidered was put, or the meeting 
next succeeding, "unless leave to introduce the same be first 
granted by a vote of a majority of all the members of the 

Sec. 13. Eniploijmeid of Teachers. — The annual election 
of teachers shall be held by this committee at the first regular 
meeting- after the close of the school year, and the teachers 
then elected and those elected afterwards shall hold their 
oflice until the next annual election, unless sooner removed 
by a vote of a majority of the board ; but no person, without 
having received a certificate from the committee on appoint- 
ment of teachers shall be employed as a permanent teacher 
in any of the public schools. 

Sec. 11. Suspension of Bides. — In case of emergency any 
one of the rules of the committee or regulations of the schools 
may be suspended by a majority of the members. 

Sec. 15. Amended Rides. — Whenever any one of the rules 
of the committee or the regulations of the schools shall be 
amended, the original rule shall be repealed and the amended 
rule put in its place. 

Sec. 16. That it is the sense of this committee that any 
member failing to attend two successive meetings without a 
suftlcient excuse ought to resign. 

Organization and Government of Raleigh Township 
Graded Schools 

Plans axd Regulations. 



Course of Study 

Opening of 


Opening hours 

First bell. 

1. The school shall be divided into Primary, Grammar, 
and High School Departments. 

2. The Primary Department shall consist of the First, 
Second and Third Grades ; the Grammar Department, of the 
Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Grades ; the High School 
Department, of the Eighth, jSTinth, Tenth, and Eleventh 

3. The course of study, text-books, books of reference, etc., 
are prescribed, and no text-book shall be used in the schools 
and none shall l)e used in any grade which has not been thus 

4. The yearly session shall begin regularly the second Mon- 
day in September, and shall continue one hundred and eighty 
days exclusive of holidays. 

5. The holidays shall be Thanksgiving and such other days 
as the school committee may order. 

6. The regular school hours shall be : From 9 a. m, to 
1 p. m. for First and Second Grades ; from 9 a. m. to 1 :30 
p. m. for Third and Foui-th Grades ; from 9 a. m. to 2 p. m. 
for Graimnar Grades ; and from 9 a. m. to 2 :30 p. m. for 
High School Grades. The hours for opening and closing may 
vary, at the option of the superintendent, the intervals re- 
maining the same. 

7. Thirty minutes previous to the beginning of each daily 
session of the school the sig-nals shall be rung upon the school 
bells and the gates and doors of the schools opened. 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 49 


1. During the week immediately preceding' the beginning ^ot^^'ice tickets. 
of each session the several principals of the Elementary and 

High School shall have on sale at their office admission tickets 
for the use of books. The prices for them shall be as follows : 

First Grade, per half year __.._ $1.00 

Second Grade, per half year 1.00 

Third Grade, per half year 1.00 

Fourth Grade, per half year 1.00 

Fifth Grade, per half year 2.00 

Sixth Grade, per half year __ i^.OO 

Seventh Grade, per half year 2.00 

High School, per half year 3.75 

2. ISTo refund shall be made of the whole or any part of any Refund, 
sum that has been paid by patrons as book fees, nor as tuition, 
except by action of the chairman of the committee on supplies. 

3. For the use of school texts during vacation, or any part ^«'"* °^ books. 
thereof, ten cents must be paid in advance for each book used. 

4. The Superintendent shall have charge of all school sup- Supplies. 
plies and apparatus, and see that they are jiroperly distributed 

and economically used. 

Regulations — Pupils. 

1. All boys and girls between the ages of six and twenty- ^"''^^'^ p'^p""- 
one years who, with their parents or legal guardians, reside 

in Raleigh Township and are entitled under the rules of the 
school committee to a participation in the benefits of the pub- 
lic schools, shall be admitted into the schools for which they 
are respectively qualified, by obtaining a certificate from the 

2. Xo child residing in a household in which has occurred drseasls^*^^ 
any case of scarlet fever, diphtheria, measles, whooping-cough 

cr smallpox, or any other contagious disease, shall attend the 
graded schools within two weeks after the recovery, death or 

4 ' . 

50 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

Time of entrance. 

Book must be 


Temporary with- 
drawal of pupils. 

Failure in studies. 

Regularity in 

removal of siieli sick person, and any pupil coining from such 
household shall be required to present to the principal of the 
school such pupil attends a certificate from the parent or head 
of household of which such pupil is a member, or from the 
attending physician, of the facts necessary to entitle such 
pupil to admission in accordance with the above regulations: 
Provided, that upon the written certificate of the attending 
physician that such precautions have been observed as to 
remove all danger of infection or contagion, such pupil may 
attend within two weeks after the death, recovery or removal 
cf such sick person. Any violation of this law will subject 
the offender to suspension from the schools. 

3. Primary pupils beginning school shall enter only during 
the first two weeks of each school year. 

4. Pupils shall not be allowed to retain their connection 
with any of the public schools unless they be regularly fur- 
nished by parents or guardians, or otherwise, within one week 
of the time they may be required, with books and other con- 
veniences necessary for the prosecution of their studies. 

5. The pupils in the Grammar and High School depart- 
ments shall be subject to two examinations in writing each 
session as the superintendent may direct, and oftener if he 
shall deem such examination necessary. Pupils who purposely 
ab'sent themselves from any school examination or public ex- 
ercise of the schools may be suspended, and shall not be 
allowed to return except at the discretion of the committee. 

6. In case of the temporary withdrawal of a pupil, such 
pupil, upon return, shall be examined by the superintendent, 
and if found deficient shall be reduced in grade. 

7. Pupils who fail for two successive months to earn a 
scholarship average of 50 per cent shall be reduced in gTade. 

8. Regular and punctual attendance is enjoined upon all 
pupils. Any pupil who is absent or tardy four times in four 
successive weeks, except for a valid excuse, rendered in writ- 
ing my the parents or giiardian, shall forfeit his seat, on the 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-191G 51 

order of the superintendent, but may be readmitted by order 
of the school committee or superintendent. 

9. Excuses for absence or tardiness, and requests for dis- g^e^'^l^es^o/tardi- 
missal before the close of the school, must be made in writing "''^^' 

or in person by parent or guardian. Such notes, to be ac- 
cepted by teachers, should state the cause of absence or reason 
for same. 

10. N'o pupil who has been absent or who appears after thCp^pfig' ^^^^''^^ 
openiug of the school shall be admitted without a satisfactory 

excuse from parent or guardian for such absence or tardiness, 
or without proper discipline for the remissness. 

11. Whenever the example of any pupil shall become in- incorrigible 
jurious to the school, through indolence, neglect of rules, or 

any other cause, and reformation shall appear hopeless, the 
parent or guardian shall be requested to withdraw such pupil 
from the school. Should the parent or guardian fail to com- 
ply with the request, the pupil may be suspended. 

12. Falsehood, profane and indecent language, and the ^^^^Zf^i^^-^ly' ^^^ 
of tobacco within the school inclosure or on the way to or 

from school are positively prohibited. Cleanliness of person 
and clothing is required. 

13. Pupils must walk quietlj^ through rooms and hallways ; ^^^^^^f^*'^*" ^'^^°°^ 
must not go into rooms belonging to other grades without per- 
mission of teacher ; must not throw stones or missiles of any 

kind upon the school grounds or immediate streets ; must not 
collect within the immediate vicinity of the schools before the 
ringing of the school bell ; must pay in full, within two weeks, 
under penalty of suspension, for all damage to school prop- 
erty ; must be responsible for the cleanliness of their desks 
■ and books and of the floor in their immediate vicinity. 

14. Any pupil who shall leave the school at any time before t^ie^gj-o^ds^th- 
the regailar hour for dismissal, or without the consent of the °" p'^'"™^®^"''^- 
teacher, shall not be permitted to reenter the class until an 

excuse or apology satisfactory to the principal has been ren- 

52 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

Punishment of 

Suspension and 

Complaints of 

Tuition charges. 

Teachers respon- 
sibility for tuition 
of pay pupils. 

15, Pupils shall comply with all rules and regulations for 
the g-ovennnent of the school to which they may be assigned, 
and submit to such penalties and punishment as may be pre- 
scribed for bad conduct. Should ])arents or guardians object 
to the infliction of corporal punishment upon their children 
(ir wards, such objection must be made known in advance to 
the su})erintendent in writing, and upon the infraction of 
rules by sucli ])U]iils they may l)e sus})cnded by the superiri; 

1(>. .Vll sus])ensions shall be reported by the superintendent 
to the school committee at the next regular meeting after such 
suspensions, with all attendant circumstances, expulsion beiug 
discretionary with the committee. 

17. Pupils or parents having cause for complaint will seek 
redress first before the ]n-incipal of the building, and if not 
satisfied, the case shall be immediately referred to the super- 
intendent, subject to ai)i)eal to the school committee. 

is. Children whose parents or legal guardians do not re- 
side of the townshi]). and children who do not reside in the 
townshi}) even though their legal aiuirdians reside in the 
townshi]), or ];upils o\er twenty-one years of age. may be 
admitted to the schools on jDayment of tuition monthly in 
advance, provided there is room, so that they do not prevent 
the admission of resident pupils. The rate of tuition shall l>e 
as follows: In Primary department, per month. $2; in 
Grammar School Department, ]ier month, $3; High School 
Department. y.eY month, $4. 

1!>. Should any teacher, without the order or direction of 
the superintendent, admit and teach any ]mpil not entitled 
to free tuition, said teacher shall be resjionsible for the tuition 
of such pupil for the term the pupil remains in school. It 
shall he the duty of all teachers to report to the superintendent 
ihe names of all pupils who are not entitled to free tuition. 

The superintendent shall give the names of such pu]nls to 
the secretarv, together with tuition collected. 

• Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 5;5 

20. No flowers or other articles shall be presented publicly ^''o^^rs- 
to any pupil at graduation exercises or other public cere- 

21. Any pupil who shall be guilty of cheating, or attempt- *^^^''*^''^- 
ing to cheat in examination, shall be suspended from school, 

and shall not be allowed to reenter without permission from 
the superintendent. Upon his reentrance, he shall stand an 

22. Pupils may write their names once in each book ^"'"^ °^ property. 
rented from the schools, but they shall be required to pay for 

other marks, defacements, or unnecessary injury. 

Regulatioxs — Teachers. 

1. The examination of teachers shall take place annually ^^^f^^^'g''^' *'''^™^' 
at such time or times as the committee shall determine. 

2. Xo teacher shall be permanently emi)loyed without un- Examinations 

^ lit' compulsory. 

dergoing an examination satisfactory to the committee, under 
regulations hereinafter to be prescribed. 

3. Teachers shall hold their places at the pleasure of the 5^fj;\':|^^.''j^ J?^^ j^^^* 
committee, and shall not be at liberty to resign without giying 

one month's notice of such intention to the committee, or else 
forfeit one month's salary. 

4. Teachers are required to be in their respective rooms '^''"^'''"'**''^''^'^" 
thirty minutes before the liegiiniing of the daily session. If 

tardy, they shall report the fact to the superintendent, with 
a reason therefor; and in case of unsatisfactory excuse, shall 
be reported at the next meeting of the committee. 

5. In case of absence, from sickness or other cause, they '^''''''■''^'''' "''''^"*- 
shall send timely notice thereof to the principal, Avho, with 

the superintendent, shall provide a substitute from the list 
elected by the committee. When a teacher is absent, there 
shall be deducted one-twentieth of his or her monthly salary 
for each day's absence. 

6. Teachers shall attend all meetings to which they are,'^peti',\''J'' 
called, and. all special classes organized for their instruction 

by the superintendent or the committee; and in case of failure 

54 Raleigh Township Oraded Schools, 1915-1916 

Teachers' register. 

Daily program. 

Teachers to co- 

Duties of teach- 

Duties of 

Outside interest 
of teachers. 

to be present at the beginning of the meeting, shall be so 
reported at the next meeting of the committee, unless an 
excuse satisfactory to the superintendent is tendered. 

7. Every teacher shall keep in a register furnished for the a correct account of the name, age, attendance, de- 
portment and scholarship of each pupil, as well as the name 
and street address or postoffice address of the parent or guar- 
(iian of such pupil, and shall send a report of the attendance, 
deportment and scholarship to the parent or guardian on the 
Wednesday following the close of every school month, such 
report to be signed by parent or guardian and returned to the 
teacher on the following day. Teachers shall make their prin- 
cipal such monthly reports of their rooms as may be required 
by the superintendent. 

8. At the beginning of the fall term each teacher shall pre- 
pare a wu'itten progTam for daily exercises and recitations, to 
be deposited by the principal with the superintendent, and 
strictly adhered to liy the teacher when approved by the 

9. Teachers will obey the instructions of the superintend- 
ent and of their principals, and devote their time during 
school hours to their respective classes. 

10. They shall cooperate with the principals and superin- 
tendent in maintaining order on the part of the pupils in halls, 
stairways, playgrounds, and e/^ route to and from school. 

11. They shall attend to the physical condition and com- 
fort of the pupils under their charge, making the ventilation 
and temperature of the school room an especial object of atten- 
tion, taking care that the temperature fall not below 60 nor 
above 70 degrees Fahrenheit while the furnaces are in opera- 
tion during school hours. 

1'2. They shall not absent themselves from school Avithout 
permission from the superintendent, except in case of sick- 
ness, and the committee will not permit any outside interests 
on the ]»art of the teachers to interfere with their regular 
school work. 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 55 

13. They shall be responsible for the discipline and gov- ^{pfj^g"^ *^'^' 
ernment of their rooms, ruling as would a kind and judicious 
jiarent, always fiiin and vigilant, but prudent. They shall 
endeavor on all proper occasions to inculcate in their pupils 
truthfulness, self-control, temperance, frugality, industry, obe- 
dience to authority, reverence for the aged, forbearance to 

all, kindness to animals, desire for knowledge, and obedience 
to the laws of God ; but no teacher shall promulgate partisan 
or sectarian views in the schools, under any circumstances. Principals to de- 

' "^ cide form of pun- 

14. Should kind and persuasive measures fail with pupils, 'shment. 
they shall be reported to the principal, who may inflict or 
cause to be inflicted such punishment, in private — corporal or 
otherwise — as the case demands. Whenever corporal punish- 
ment shall be inflicted upon any pupil in the schools, the name 

of the pupil, grade, age, and cause of punishment shall be 
recorded and reported by the principal to the superintendent, 
sub] ect to the inspection of the committee. 

15. Whenever pupils are suspended or excluded from the Suspended pupils 

^ -^ _ ^ readmitted. 

schools, and the superintendent or the committee and superin- 
tendent readmit them upon terms and they decline to return to 
the school upon the terms imposed, it shall be the duty of the 
principal of the school to report such pupils to the super- 
intendent, to be at once reported by him to the committee. 

16. They shall be held responsible for the neatness of their Neatness of 

•^ ^ rooms. 

respective rooms, furniture, and pupils, enjoining upon pupils 
cleanliness of person and dress, and the abstinence from the 
use of tobacco upon the premises. 

17. They shall take immediate steps to ascertain the cause Absent pupils, 
of all absences. 

18. They shall have jurisdiction over the pupils other than J^Y^r'^JradeV^'' 
their oAvn when the immediate teacher of such pupils is not 


19. Teachers will not be allowed to make any reply to v/rit- written com- 

^ r J plaints. 

ten complamts addressed to them by parents or guardians 
relative to pupils. All such communications must be referred 
to the principal, to be referred to the superintendent if 
deemed necessarv. 


Baleigh Toirnship Graded Scliools, 1915-1916 

Read rules. 

Special branches. 

Aid special 

20. Xo teacher shall be emploved iu the school who is suf- 
fering from tiiherculosis or any contagions or infectious dis- 

21. At least once each term each teacher shall read to her 
pupils such parts of these rules as relate to the duties of 

22. It shall be the duty of the regiilar teachers to make 
themselves proficient, practically as well as theoretically, in 
such special branches as are taught in the schools. 

23. Regular teachers shall in no case be absent from the 
room nor engage in other work during the recitations con- 
ducted by the special teachers, but shall preserve order, main- 
tain discipline, and aid such special teachers as far as possible. 

Responsibility of 

Monthly reports. 

Duties of 

Hours of teach- 

Regulatio^ts — Principals. 

1. Principals shall be responsible for the observance and 
enforcement of the rules of the schools under their charge, 
and ill discharge of their duty shall be entitled to the respect, 
deference and co(i})eratioii of the teachers associated with 

2. They shall make monthly reports of their work to the 
superintendent in such form as he may direct. 

3. They shall have general supervision of the gTounds, 
liuildings. furniture and a])])urtenances of the schools, and see 
that they are ke})t in a neat, tidy and presentable condition, 
and that minor repairs are done by the janitor. They shall 
see that good order is maintained upon the school premises, in 
the neighborhood thereof, and that the strictest cleanliness is 
maintained in the school buildings and premises belonging 
thereto. They .<hall promptly report to the superintendent 
any repairs that may be required, and negligence of the jani- 
tors. They shall make requisition upon the superintendent 
for all su])plies of books, stationery and other articles required 
for the use of the schools. 

4. They shall devote as much time daily to actual teaching 
as the superintendent may direct, and shall give the rest of 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 57 

their time to visiting the different classrooms of their respect- 
ive buildings, rendering assistance where most needed, in 
order that thej mav bring their schools up to the highest 
degree of efficiency. 

5. Thej shall submit to the superintendent a monthly re- Further duties. 
port, in writing, as to the character of the discipline main- 
tained in each classroom, and the efficiency of the teachers 

in their schools, which reports must be submitted to the board 

6. They shall procure for the superintendent a list of all List of pay pupii 
nonresident pupils, with amounts due by each. 

7. As teachers, they shall be subject to the regulations here- 
inbefore mentioned, and to such regulations as refer to princi- 

8. The principals of the High School, Lewis, Wiley, '■''''' '^""'- . 
Murphey, Thompson, Washing-ton, Crosby, and Garfield 
schools shall practice a system of fire alarm signals, by which 

the school can be promptly and properly dismissed at other 
lhan the regular hours for the recess and for closing. To test 
the efficiency of this system, the superintendent shall, at least 
once in every three months, in each of the above-named 
schools, give the signal without the knowledge of the princi- 
pals or any person connected with the school. 

9. xVirsupplies belonging to the public school shall be .^f^^'^S'''" '"' 
ftored at the High School building. The principal of each 

school shall, on the first of each month, send to the super- 
intendent a requisition for his supplies for the month, and 
no other supplies shall be issued except in extreme cases. 


1. He shall devote himself to the study of the system under ^''*"''- 
his charge, and shall keep himself acquainted with the prog- 
ress of instruction and discipline in other places, that he may 
suggest appropriate means for the advancement of the public 
schools in the citv. 

58 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

Scope of his work. 

C4rading of pupils. 

Number of pupils 
to one teacher. 



with teachers. 

Teachers' meet- 

School board. 

Annual report. 

2. He shall have general supervision of all the public 
schools of the township and be especially charged with the 
enforcement of the rules of the board. 

3. He shall, during the last month of each spring term, 
examine, in connection with the teachers, the various grades, 
and promote all qualified to higher gTades, according to the 
standard of qualification fixed bv the school committee. 

4. He shall give prompt attention to every instance of mis- 
conduct duly reported to him bj- the principals ; and if after 
examination, it cannot be otherwise redressed, he shall report 
the same to the connnittee on grievances. 

5. He shall examine each child who applies for admission 
as a pupil, and assign such pupil to the proper grade and 
building: Provided, that not more than forty pupils shall be 
assigned to any one teacher, so far as this may be practicable. 

G. He shall spend a portion of each school day in the public 
schools of the city and observe the mode of instruction and 
discipline adopted and the success or failure of the same. 

7. He shall have the power to suspend teachers and pupils 
for the neglect of duty or violation of prescribed rules. In 
each instance of the exercise of such discipline he shall make 
a written report of the same, with full jDarticulars, to the 
school committee for decision. 

8. He shall transmit all special orders to teachers and jani- 
tors through the respective principals of buildings. 

9. He may, at his discretion, for the purposes involving the 
interest of the school, call meetings of the teachers, whose 
<luty it shall be to attend. 

10. He shall keep an accurate register of all pupils in the 
several schools, containing a record of the same, residence, 
age, sex, and date of admission of each child, all cases of with- 
drawal, suspension or dismission, and the cause thereof. 

11. At the close of each school year he shall submit to the 
committee a written report of the work of the schools, together 
with such suggestions and other information as he may deem 
worthy of notice, to be published with the annual report of 
the board. 

Baleigh Township Liraded Schools, 1915-1016 50 

12. Acting under the committee on buildings and supplies, bundingTand 
the superintendent of schools shall be custodian of buildings"'""'' ^" 
and grounds, and it shall be his duty to inspect weekly, or 
oftener, the buildings, yards and fences. He shall make, 

when requested, a written report to the chairman of buildings 
and supplies of the condition of said buildings and yards and 
fences. He shall have the power to exclude from buildings 
and grounds any person or persons whose conduct is such as 
to merit exclusion. 

13. He shall attend all meetings of the school committee. ^t^t|^danceon^ 


Duties of Medical Inspector. 

1. General Duties. — The medical inspector of public 
schools shall have general supervision of all matters affecting 
the physical welfare of pupils and teachers. 

2. V eiitilation. — He shall see that all rooms in the schools 
are properly ventilated, lighted, and heated. 

3. Inspection of Toilets, etc. — He will at regular intervals 
inspect all toilets and lavatories in the schools, and see that 
they are kept in a sanitary condition. If any unsanitary 
condition or any negligence of janitor is found to exist in any 
school, a report shall be made in writing to the superintend- 
ent. He will also inspect school yards or premises at regular 

4. He shall make a weekly report to the superintendent, 
stating number of schools visited, number of pupils exam-, 
ined, number found defective, and nature of defects, number 
of defects corrected or treated, number of defects neither cor- 
rected nor treated, number and names of children excluded 
and cause of exclusion, and shall make such other reports or 
recommendations as he may deem necessary. He shall also 
report to the superintendent any acts, practices, or conditions 
in the schools which he deems prejudicial to the physical wel- 
fare of the pupils or teachers, and shall make such other 
reports as the superintendent may request. 

60 Bahifjh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

5. Time. — Beginning at 9 o'clock each day, his time shall 
be divided among the schools as he may deem best; subject, 
however, to the direction of the superintendent. He shall 
be at all times during the school teimi subject to call on mat- 
ters pertaining to his department of school work. 

6. He shall vaccinate for smallpox all children in the pul> 
lie schools free of charge when such seems to him necessary. 
Parents who |)refer that this be done by their family physi- 
cian will have their preference respected. 

7. Annual lieport. — He shall make to the superintendent 
an annual written report embodying in a general way what 
ho has done during the year, and making such recommenda- 
tions as may seem to him necessary. 

Titles fok the Gkadixg axd Pno^roxiox of Pupils. 

niti'on" ''"''™'' 1- There shall lie in the Grammar and High Schools a writ- 

ten examination at the end of each term, and of such length 
and character as the sui)crintendent \\va\ determine. 

How conducted. .1. The Written examinations shall be conducted by the 

teachers in charge of the classes. The value of each answer 
shall be marked opposite in the margin and the percentage 
\-alne of each child's ]ia])('r written in ink at the top of the 
iirst I'-age. The ]ia])er shall he kcjU on tile in the otHce of each 
]U'iiici])al for one month after each examination. 

Deficient pupils. o_ Toachcrs shall inform parents, in writing, of the failure 

of the children ];ro].erly to sustain themselves in their studies. 
Any pupil that shall have a general scholarship average of 
less than .")() ]>er cent at the Christmas examinations shall 
be reduced in grade. 

standiud for pro- ^ jj-^ grdcr to securo a promotion, a scholarship averaa'e of 

motion. i ' J^ '- 

at least 70 ]>('rcent in each study must be attain(>d by the 
pujuls. In uuithcmatics (iO per cent is required for pro- 
fiom final™ ami- ^- ^^^^ ]ui]»ils who shall for tlic ycar receive as high a grade 
""*'°"- as 00 shall he promoted at the end of the scholastic year, with- 

out underc'oinii: a final examination. 

Ealeigk Township Graded Schools. 1915-1916 6i 

6. When pupils fail of promotion in the final yearly aver- j^^^^^*'""^"^ 
age of scholarship in not more than two studies, they may be 

given an opportunity to undergo a reexamination in such 
studies on Monday and Tuesday, the opening days of the 
schools, and if the requisite per cent shall be attained they 
mav be passed to a higher grade. 

7. The regular promotion of pupils shall be made at the^-vUs vromotea. 
end of the school term ; but, at the discretion of the superin- 
tendent and npon the recommendation of the teacher and the 
principal, promotions may be made during the year. 

General RECiULATiONs. 

1. It shall be the duty of the president or any person pre- geTfte to minuses, 
siding in his stead to subscribe to the minutes at the succeed- 
ing meeting, and to have the same attested by the secretary, 

f.fter they shall have been read and approved. 

2. Unless by special permission, the school buildings shall ^*'° ^' ^^^^' 
be used for no purpose except that to which they have been 


3. There shall be a Xormal Class organized by the super- ^'""'^^ '^''''■ 
intendent for the instruction of the teachers of the public 
schools and of such other persons in the city and county as 

may desire to prepare themselves for teaching. 

Rules for the Exa:\iination of Applicants and 

1. There shall be held on the first und second Saturdays in examination^'"'''' 
June an annual written examination to test the qualification 

of applicants for positions in the Raleigh Township schools. 
Papers shall be marked on a scale of 50, and each question 
shall have a value, to be fixed before the examination is held, 
by which as standard of perfection the paper shall be valued. 

2. In addition to the scholarship average, the superintend- eJtfmate*^" 
ent's estimate, based on personal bearing, jjrofessional prepa- 
ration, experience, health, etc., shall be made on a scale of 50. 

62 Raleigh Township Graded Scliools, 1915-1916 

List of applicants 
to be submitted to 

Eligible appli- 

Special examina- 

Eligible teachers. 

5. At the regular meeting of the board next after the exam- 
inations the superintendent shall report a list of applicants in 
the several departments, with the average of each. 

4, An applicant making not less than 50 per cent in any 
?tudy and a general average of not less than 70 in such report, 
and no other applicant, shall be eligible to election. 

5. Examinations at any other than the regTilar time in May 
shall he conducted in strict conformity to these rules. 

6. Any teacher attaining an average of 70 per cent in the 
annual examination, and not less than 50 per cent in any one 
subject, shall be eligible for reelection. 

7. All rules and regulations in conflict with the foregoing 
are hereby repealed. 

Course of Study in the Raleigh Township Graded 
Schools for 1915-1916 


Reading. — The Gordon Readers, First Book ; Progressive 
Road to reading, First Reader; Graded Classics, First 

Language. — Stories told orally by the teacher and reproduced 
orally to class by pupils. 

Spelling. — iSTew World Speller, Part I. 

Arithmetic. — As outlined by superintendent. 

Writing. — Primary Writing Lessons. 

Handirorh. — Mat weaving, sewing, cardboard construction. 


Pi^eading. — Free and TreadwelFs Primer, Overall Boys ; ISTew 
Educational Reader, Book II. 

Bpelling. — Xew World Speller, Part I. 

Arithmetic. — As outlined by superintendent. 

Writing.- — Primary Writing Lessons. 

Language. — Stories told orally by the teacher and same repro- 
duced by pupils before the class. 


Reading. — Merrill Readers, Second Book ; Progressive Road 
to Reading; Second Reader; Graded Classics, Second 
Reader; Robinson Crusoe. 

Spelling. — New World Speller, Parts I and II. 

Arithmetic. — As outlined by superintendent. 

Writing. — Primary Writing Lessons. 

Jjanguage. — Oral presentation of Robinson Crusoe by the 
teacher, and same reproduced by the children. Practice 
in letter writing. Short, simple sentence drills. 

64 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 


Beading. — Old Greek Stories ; Story of Ulysses ; Pinnocliio. 

History. — Place's llistoiy Reader, Book I. 

Arithrnetic. — -Milne's ProgTessive, First Book from page 189. 

Writing. — Writing Manual. 

Spelling. — Xew World, Grades 3, 4, and 5. 

Language. — Language Through Nature, Literature and Art. 
Letter writing continued. Oral work in literature. Sto- 
ries from the Wonder Hook, Tanglewood Tales, and Rob- 
inson Crusoe. 


Reading. — The Adventures of Robin Llood ; Heidi. 
Arithmetic. — Milne's Progressive, First Book from page 189 

to end of hook. 
IJistori/. — Mace's History Reader, Book II. 
(Jeograplnj. — Tarr and ^Ic^Iurr}', First Book to page 161. 
Spelling. — Xew World Speller, Grades 3, 4, and 5. 
Hygiene. — Good Health ; Alternate with reading. 
Language. — Robbins and Rowe, First Book. 


Reading. — Ways of Woodfolk; Hiawatha. 

Hygiene. — Emergencies: Alternate with reading. 

Arithmetic. — Milne's Progressive, Second Book from begin- 
ning to page 161. 

History. — Mace's History Reader, Book III; Makers of 
I^orth Carolina History. 

Spelling. — ISTew World Speller, Grades 3, 1, and 5. 

English. — Robbins and Rowe, First Book. 

Writing. — Palmer Writing Manual, practiced daily. 

Geography. — First Book from page 163 to end of book. • 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 65 


Beading. — Story of the Greeks ; The Great Stone Face. 

Hygiene. — The Body and its Defenses. 

Arithmetic. — Milne's Progressive, Book II from page 161 to 

end of book. 
English. — Bobbins and Eowe, Second Book. 
Oeography. — ]N'ew GeogTaphies, Second Book from beginning 

to page 161. 
History. — Onr Republic: The colonization period. 
Spelling. — IsTew World Speller, Grades 6, 7, and 8. 
Writing. — Palmer Writing Manual, daily. 


Beading. — Irving-'s Sketch Book; Evangeline. 
Hygiene. — Ritchie's Primer of Sanitation. 
Orammar. — Robbins and Rowe, Second Book. 
Spelling. — ISTew World Speller, Grades 6, 7, and 8. 
Arithmetic. — Milne's ProgTessive, Book II completed. 
Writing. — Palmer Writing Manual. 
History. — Our Republic : The Revolutionary period. 
Geography. — Xew Geogi-aphies, Second Book from page 161 
to end of book. 

Drawing, Vocal Music, and Physical Training in all the 
grades under special teachers. 





12 3 4 

12 3 4 

12 3 4 

English < 
English -; 

Comp.-Rhet. 2 










Classics 3 . 







Classics 3 ._. 



Enghsh -j jj.^^ ^^ ^.^ _^^^ Classics 3 












,. ^, ^. jAlg. and PlaneGeom. 
Mathematics < „, , , „ , r^ 

1 Plana and t^ol. Geom. 







ICommercial Arith... 












fFirst Year 

, . I Caesar and Gram 

Latin < „. ^ , _, 

Cicero, Gram, and Comp._ ' 

Vergil, Gram, and Comp.. 


















'Physical C 
Domestic .? 

^^.'"■■^ \ Girls ' 



("Business Methods 

, Bookkeeping 



1 Stenography -- 






One to be 


Science < 

VE Groups — 
taken from eacli. 

Ancient... .. . 

Mediaeval and Modern... 







VI. \ 

P'irst Year \ _, 

Biology 1^°^^ 

Chemistry . . . 






















Mod. Lang 

[German _ 


uages -(French 

[Spanish .. 


































22 + 









1 Spelling- 


'History 'I .^,j 














Number recitations per week 

Raleigh Township Graded ScJwoJs, 1915-1916 67 

After advice and direction from parents and teachers, 
pupils may select auv one of the three courses given. When 
a course is once chosen, it cannot be changed without reasons 
satisfactory to the Principal or Superintendent. Pupils who 
select Course A must continue in this course at least two 
years. Frank M. Haeper, 



First Year. 

History. — Myers' Aucieut History. 

English. — Briggs & McKinney's First Book in Composition ; 

Twice Told Tales ; Christmas Carol ; Lays of Ancient 

Rome ; Cricket on the Hearth ; King of the Golden 

River; Marmion. 
Algebra. — Milne's High School Algebra. 
Latin.- — ^Pearson's Essentials of Latin. 
German. — Spanhoofd's Elementarbiich der Deutschen 

Sprache ; Foster's Geschichten und Marchen ; Marchen 

imd Erzahlungen, Part I. 
Science. — Snyder's First-year Science. 
Domestic Science. — Kinne & Cooley's Foods and Household 

Commercial Text. — A First Book in Business Methods. 
Spelling.- — Xew World Speller, Grades 6, 7, 8. 
Dictionary. — Webster's Elementary School Dictionary. 

Secg^'d Year. 

History. — Myers' Mediieval and Modern. 

Latin. — Csesar, Four Books ; Bemiett's Latin Grammar. 

Mathematics. — Milne's High School Algebra, completed. 

English. — Briggs & McKinney's First Book in Composition, 
completed ; Mosses from an Old Manse ; Merchant of 
Venice ; The Vicar of Wakefield ; The Ancient Mariner 
and Vision of Sir Launf al : Silas Marner ; Selections 
from Poe. 

French. — Eraser and Squair's Shorter French Course; Guer- 
ber's Contes et Legendes, Part I. 

German. — Spanhoofd's Elementarbuch der Deutschen 
Sprache, completed ; Marchen und Erzahlungen, Part L 
completed ; Marchen und Erzahlungen, Part 11. 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1915-1916 69 

Science. — Bergen's Elements of Botany; Burnet's School 

Domestic Science. — Conn's Bacteria, Yeasts, and Molds 

Booklveeping. — Cleary's Bookkeeping, Part I. 
Dictionary. — Webster's Elementary School Dictionary. 

Third Year. 

History. — Andrew's High School History of England. 

Latin. — Cicero's Orations; Bennett's Latin Grammar; Ben- 
nett's Latin Composition. 

English. — Webster's Composition-Literature ; Julius Csesar ; 
Macbeth; Sohrab and Rustrum; Gareth and Lynette; 
Macaulay's Life of Johnson and Warren Hastings; 
Washington's Farewell Address and Webster's First 
Bunker Hill Oration ; Tennyson's Idylls of the King. 

French. — Eraser and Squair's Shorter French Course; Fon- 
taine's En France; Mon Oncle et Mon Cure; Mairet's 
L'Enfant de la Lune; Mairet's La Tache du Petit Pierre. 

German. — Bacon's Im Vaterland ; Immensee. 

Mathematics. — Wentworth and Smith's Plane Geometry. 

Science. — First Principles of Chemistry (Brownlee and 

Shorthand Text. — Practical Course in Graham Shorthand. 

Typewriting. — Pitman's Touch System. 

Dictionary. — ^W^ebster's Elementary School Dictionary. 

Fourth Year. 

History.— Adams, and Trent's United States History, 

Mathematics.- — Wentworth and Smith's Plane and Solid Ge- 

Latin. — Bennett's Vergil ; Bennett's Latin Grammar ; Ben- 
nett's Latin Composition. 

English. — Kittredge and Farley's Advanced English Gram- 
mar ; Long's English Literature ; Burke's Speech on Con- 
ciliation ; Hamlet ; Emerson's Selected Essays ; Pal- 

70 Baleigh Toivnship Graded Schools, 1915-1916 

gTave's Golden Treasury ; Carlyle's Essay ou Burns ; 
DeQuincv's Jean of Arc ; As You Like It ; Sir Roger 
DeCoverly Papers ; Woodstock or Adam Bede ; Passing 
of Arthur ; Eve of St. Agnes. 

FrencJt. — Bouvet's French Syntax and Composition; L'Abbe 
Constantin ; Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme. 

Science. — ]\Iillikan and Gales' First Course in Physics (Re- 

Shorthand Text. — Practical Course in Graham Shorthand; 
Eldridge's Shorthand Dictation Exercises. 

Typewriting. — Pitman's Touch System. 

Commercial Text. — Moore's ]Srew Commercial Arithmetic. 

Dictionari/. — Webster's Elementary School Dictionary. 

North Carolina State! Librant 

Teachers' Meetings, 1916-1917 

1. Regular montbly meeting of all teachers and principals 
Saturday morning after the close of each school month. 
White teachers meet at 10 o'clock at High School. Colored 
teachers meet at 11 :30 at Centennial School. 




', H. C. 



GC 379.756551 R163r 


Raleigh (N.C.). School Committee. 

Annual report of the Raleigh township gr 

3 3091 00202 0600 



rulorci — — 


^^3 Syracuse, N. Y. 

Stockton, Calif. 



1915/7 6 

"^'t'f ^l^^^iP, Wak 

School Coiaiiittee 

Report of the p 
graded r 

e Co 

• > 

N. C. 

^^aded rchools^'f , ^?^^^P 
n.>,....._ '^°-^s. Raleigh, IVorth 




Raleigh Township, V^ke Co., N. C, School 

Report of the Raleigh Tovmship graded 
Schools, Raleigh, I^orth Carolina