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I J 75. 75655"/ 



Raleigh Township, Wake Co. , N, C, 
School Coramittee 

K 4j_ 

Digitized by tine Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 
State Library of North Carolina 


Raleigh Township 
Graded Schools 




Township Graded Schools 


SESSION 1916-1917 


Edwards & Beoughton Printing Co. 


373.75^55 1 

The School Committee of Raleigh Township 


James I. Johnson Chairman ex officio 

J. F. Ferrall Secretary 


R. H. Lewis Term expires March, 1921 

M. Rosenthal Term expires March, 1923 

E. L. Harris Term expires March, 1923 

B. F. Montague Term expires March, 1919 

T. B. Crowder Term expires March, 1919 

J. F. Ferrall Term expires March, 1921 


1. T'inancial and Auditing Committee — Harris, Rosenthal and Ferrall. 

2. Building, Repairs and Supiilies — Montague, Harris and Ferrall. 

3. Appointment of Teachers — Lewis, Crowder and Montague. 

4. Text-hooks, Apparatiis and Course of Study — Lewis, Rosenthal and 


5. Rules, Regulations, and Discipliyie — Crowder, Lewis and Harris. 

6. Boundaries and Statistics — Ferrall, Rosenthal and Montague. 

Officers and Teachers 

Session 1916-1917. 

Frank M. Harper, Superintendent. 

HIGH SCHOOL— ikfr. Hugh Morson, Principal. 
Mr. S. J. Marion, Assistant Principal. 
Miss Eliza Pool, German. 
Miss Katie Moore, French and Spanish. 
Mr. McDaniel Lewis, English. 
Miss Minnie Sparrow, English. 
Miss Marshall Cole, English and Science. 
Miss Frances Winston, Latin and History. 
Miss Mary Howland, Latin and History. 

Miss Fannie Mitchell, Geometry and Commercial Arithmetic. 
Miss Mary Mitchell, Algebra and Latin. 
Miss Gladys Richards, Typewriting and Stenography. 
Miss Gertrude Sliter, Domestic Arts. 
Mr. S. J. Marion, Science. 

WILEY SCHOOL— il/rs. M. B. Sherwood, Principal. 
Miss Bell Fleming, Assistant Principal. 
First Grade: Miss Grace Bates. 
First Grade: Miss Bessie Brown. 
Second Grade A: Miss Clara Voyles. 
Second Grade B: Miss Lula Pratt. 
Third Grade A: Miss Margaret Stedman. 
Third Grade B: Mrs. Louis Womble. 
Fourth Grade A: Miss Minnie Russell. 
Fourth Grade B: Miss Frances Lacy. 
Fifth Grade: Miss Rebecca Merritt. 
Sixth Grade: Miss Bell Fleming. 
Seventh Grade: Miss Elizabeth Whyte. 
Seventh Grade: Miss Jessie Courtney. 

MURPHEY SCHOOL— Ifiss Manj W. Quinn, Principal. 
Miss Myrtle Miller, Assistant Principal. 
First Grade: Miss Flora Boyce. 
Second Grade B: Miss Amy Stockard. 
Second Grade A: Miss Eva Godfrey. 
Third Grade: Miss Henri Etta Lee. 
Fourth Grade B: Miss Mary Burton. 
Fourth Grade A: Miss Elizabeth Hughes. 
Fifth Grade B: Miss Eunice Watson. 
Fifth Grade A: Miss Jessie Quinn. 
Sixth Grade B: Miss Florence Pitts. 
Sixth Grade A: Miss Emma Conn. 
Seventh Grade: Miss Myrtle Miller. 

t Raleigh Township Graded Scliools, 1916-1917. 

CENTENNIAL SCHOOL — Miss Mary A. Page, Principal. 

Miss Ella Ford, Assistant Princiiml. 

First Grade: Miss Ella Ford. 

Second Grade B: Miss Beryl Taylor. 

Second Grade A: Miss Virginia Eldridge. 

Third Grade: Miss Annie Fenner. 

Fourth Grade B: Miss Vivian Betts. 

Fourth Grade A: Miss Belle Mitchiner. 

Fifth Grade B: Miss Ruby Deal. 

Fifth Grade A: Miss Bertha Holman. 

Sixth Grade: Miss Laura Tillett. 

Seventh Grade: Miss Nannie Leach. 

Ungraded Room — Miss Mary Holman and Miss Kathleen Pitts. 

THOMPSON SCHOOL— ilfrs. M. B. Terrell, Principal. 

Miss Elizabeth Holman, Assistant Principal. 

First Grade: Miss Elizabeth Holman. 
Second Grade: Mrs. W. S. Thomas. 
Third Grade: Mrs. J. F. Hatch. 
Fourth Grade: Miss Annie Hardy. 
Fifth Grade: Mrs. W. L. Beasley. 
Sixth Grade: Mrs. R. B. Green. 

LEWIS SCHOOL — Miss Minnie Reclford, Principal. 
Miss Nan Lacy, Assistant Principal. 

First Grade: Miss Clara Taylor. 

Second Grade B: Mrs. C. H. Usry. 

Second Grade A: Miss Nan Lacy. 

Third Grade: Miss Elizabeth Hunter. 

Third Grade: Mrs. P. T. Smith. 

Fourth Grade: Miss Ruth Thomas. 

Fifth Grade: Miss Miriam Robertson. 

Sixth Grade: Miss Mamie Hoover. 

Seventh Grade: Miss Amorette Bledsoe and Miss Laura Lesh. 

PILOT MILLS SCHOOL— J/tss Myrtle Underwood, Principal. 

First Grade: Miss Myrtle Underwood. 
Second Grade: Miss 'Lizzie Terrell. 
Third Grade: Miss Lizzie Terrell. 
Fourth Grade: Miss Bessie Ivey. 
Fifth Grade: Miss Bessie Ivey. 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

CARALEIGH SCHOOL— 1/rs. Katie Breece, Principal. 

First Grade: Miss Fannie Webb. 
Second Grade: Miss Nancy Lee. 
Third Grade: Miss Nancy Lee. 
Fourth Grade: Mrs. Katie Breece. 
Fifth Grade: Mrs. Katie Breece. 


Music: Mr. Gustav Hagedorn. 
Physical Training: Miss Pearl Castile. 
Drawing: Miss Nannie Smith. 

Colored Schools 

WASHINGTON SCHOOL—/. L. Levister, Principal. 

Miss T. M. Nichols, Assistant Principal. 

First Grade A: Miss P. M. Love. 

First Grade B: Miss L. M. Jeffries. 

Second Grade: Miss L. 0. Fuller. 

Second Grade: Miss M. C. Tucker. 

Second Grade: Mrs. I. M. Mitchell. 

Third Grade: Miss L. C. Pearce. 

Third Grade: Miss D. B. Foster. 

Third and Fourth Grades: Mrs. M. M. Eaton. 

Fourth Grade: Miss S. E. Jackson. 

Fifth Grade: Mrs. B. E. Branch. 

Sixth Grade: Mrs. M. B. Askew. 

Seventh Grade: Miss T. M. Nichols. 

Eighth Grade: J. L. Levister. 

GARFIELD SCHOOL— J. W. Ligon, Principal. 

Third Grade: Mrs. E. H. Satterwhite. 
Third Grade: Mrs. Lucile M. Hunter. 
Fourth Grade: Mrs. Alice Jones. 
Fourth Grade: Miss Nannie J. Perry. 
Fourth Grade: Miss M. A. Burwell. 
Fifth Grade: Miss L. M. Hunter. 
Sixth Grade: Miss Mary L. Phillips. 
Sixth Grade: Miss D. B. Birdsall. 
Seventh Grade: Mrs. Ella H. Perry. 
Eighth Grade: J. W. Ligon. 

Baleigli Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

CROSBY SCHOOL— J/iss Jtdia A. Amee, Principal. 

First Grade A: Miss Fannie E. Huyler. 
First Grade A: Miss Addie E. Gorham. 
First Grade B: Mrs. Hattie T. Mitclaell. 
Second Grade A: Miss Annie L. Thomas. 
Second Grade B: Miss Rachel H. G. McCauley. 
Second Grade B: Miss Sudie D. Evans. 
Second Grade C: Mrs. Celia J. Wortham. 

OBERLIN SCHOOL— W. H. Fuller, Principal. 

Mrs. A. P. O'Kellei/. Assistant Principal. 

First Grade: Miss Minnie B. Flagg. 
Second Grade: Miss Margaret Thornton. 
Third Grade: Miss Margaret Curtis. 
Fourth Grade: Miss Kate B. Stirrup. 
Fifth Grade: Miss Fannie J. Sims. 
Sixth Grade: Mrs. Anna P. O'Kelley. 
Seventh Grade: Miss Mildred L. Graves. 
Eighth Grade: W. H. Fuller. 


Miss Beatrice L. Jones, Domestic Science. 

L. H. Roberts, Supervisor of School and Home Gardening. 

Secretary's Report, 1916-1917 

Raleigh, K C, July 2, 1917. 
To the Baleigh Township School Committee, Baleicjh, N. C. 

Gextlemex: — I have the honor to submit herewith my 
report as secretary of the committee for the school year 

The committee held twelve regular meetings and six called 
meetings during the year. Members of the committee at- 
tended these meetings as follows : 

Chairman Johnson 1-i 

Mr. Growder 1"^ 

Dr. Lewis 16 

Vice Chairman Montague 18 

Mr. Eosenthal 12 

Mr. Harris 13 

Mr. Ferrall 17 

The enrollment for the year was 4,199—2,856 white, 
1,613 colored. 

There were 119 teachers for the year — 77 white, 42 col- 
ored. As a body they were an earnest, loyal, and enthusiastic 
corps, deeply interested in the work, kind and patient with 
the little ones. Out of 21,240 teaching days there were only 
1351/2 absent days. This speaks well for their attention to 
duty — or was it the penalty imposed for absence ? 

During the year the magniiicent Murphey and R. H. Lewis 
buildings for the white children and the Oberlin building 
for colored children were completed. A room for the lifth 
grade was added to the Caraleigh school, thus saving the ex- 
pense of transporting these children to the Centennial School. 
Several new rooms were also added to the Washington School 
for colored children, relieving this building of its crowded and 

8 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1911. 

dangerous condition. ]\Iodern fire-escapes were also built to 
this building. Additional fire-escapes were also installed at 
the Wiley and Thompson schools. 

On account of the high cost of building, both in material 
and labor, it was imjDOSsible to complete all of the buildings 
and imj^rovements with the bond money, and we found our- 
selves with a debt for balance of construction and equipment 
of some $20,000. As you all know, we endeavored to secure, 
by mortgage on some of the school property, an amount suffi- 
cient to take care of this indebtedness, and the balance of the 
mortgage on the High School. We were, however, advised 
by Mr. Ernest Haywood, to whom the matter was submitted, 
that the committee could not mortgage its property, or borrow 
money for other than necessary expenses, except by a vote of 
the people of the township. It became necessary, therefore, 
for us to take care of this indebtedness from our current 
income. This we did, but later had to borrow $15,000 to 
pay teachers and "other necessary expenses." It will be 
necessary to make provision to pay teachers for September 
and Octol)er, and other current expenses, as we cannot look 
for any money from the sheriff before late in ISTovember or 
early in 13ecember. These loans will have to be cared for 
from our income until such time as it is thought advisable to 
call for a bond issue. It is very necessary that the strictest 
economy be observed in our expenditures until the present 
condition is relieved. 

The mortgage on the High School matured on iSTovember 
1st last. This amount is now $13,000. Mr. Joseph G. 
Brown, the trustee, is not satisfied wnth the present condition 
of this mortgage, and insists that it be put in a more desirable 

I have compiled a separate report on the cost of operation 
of each school. These reports may not be altogether fair to 
some of the schools, due to conditions existing during a 
greater part of the year with some of them ; but I think they 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 9 

are correct eiioiigii to give a fair idea of what it is costing iii 
each school to educate a child. I think there are many items 
charged against the High School that properlj belong else- 
where. For instance, very little fnel is charged to the Domes- 
tic Science Department, and the janitor tells me he used no 
M^ood in firing his furnaces, but used old boxes, etc., for this 
jmrpose. There is $24.25 charged against him for wood. I 
have instructed him to keep a record of all fuel, wood and 
coal, carried from his bins to the Domestic Department rooms, 
sc that it can be properly charged to that department. I also 
think that a portion of the janitor's salary should be charged 
to the general expenses of the administration, as a part of 
his time is used for general purposes. 

I consider the year a very successful one for the schools, 
though we were subject to many interruptions and drawbacks. 
]f the attendance at the commencement exercises of both the 
white and colored schools is an indication — and I think it is — ■ 
of the interest our people are taking in the schools, we should 
feel assured of their cooperation in our efforts to make Ra- 
leigh's schools the pride of our city, and the equal, if not 
superior, of any in the State. 

I wish to thank Superintendent Harper for his energetic 
cooperation and assistance during the year, and assure him 
of my appreciation of same. 


J. F. Ferrall, 


Receipts and Disbursements, 1916-1917 


July 1. Balance in hand: 

Citizens National Bank •. $ 9,451.25 

County Treasurer 2,626.52 

Cash 125.39 


Oct. 9. Borrowed of Citizens National Bank $ 9,000.00 

Nov. 1. Borrowed of Citizens National Bank 6,500.00 


May 24. Borrowed of Citizens National Bank 15,000.00 

May 30. Received of Oak City Laundry Company, differ- 
ence in exchange of lot 135.34 

July IS. Received of Hon. James I. Johnson, bond com- 
missioner, on account of amount advanced July 

16 to pay interest on bonds 1,400.00 

Aug. 6. Received of Hon. James I. Johnson, bond commis- 
sioner, balance of amount advanced 1,100.00 

Aug. 6. Received of Hon. James I. Johnson, bond com- 
missioner, exchange advanced 13.00 

March 5. Received of Hon. James I. Johnson, bond com- 
missioner, balance of bond money in his hands. . . . 159.11 
June 6. Refund by J. C. Brantley, for error in account. 5.90 


Received from J. H. Sears, Sheriff, taxes for 1916 $55,594.16 

County apportionment 27,223.80 

State Auditor 2,231.90 

Phelps-Stokes fund 300.00 

Interest from Bond Commissioner Johnson, on amount ad- 
vanced to pay interest 155.76 

Miss Holman, salary returned 35.75 

County School Board for tuition, 1916 245.00 

Summer School, 1916 58.35 

Tuition, 1916-17 1,065.00 

Tuition Summer School, 1917 463.50 

School gardens 75.43 

Old barrels, iron, paper, etc , 22.49 

Old lumber, etc., Oberlin 12.00 

Bag plaster, Thompson .75 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 11 

Court Cost: 

David Augustus $ 1.30 

J. T. Wood 1.30 $ 2.60 

$ 87,486.49 


July 13. Advanced, Hon. James I. Johnson, bond com- 
missioner, to pay interest on bonds $ 2,500.00 

Exchange on New York 13.00 

Real Estate — High School: 

Busbee lot $ 2,750.00 

Williamson lot 500.00 

Account mortgage 1,000.00 

Oberlin: $ 4,250.00 

Judgment Cross & Linehan Co. v. Williams 40.53 

$ 4,290.53 
Improvements and repairs $ 17,008.72 


General account $ 658.00 

High School 904.50 

Oberlin 70.00 

$ 1,632.50 

Insurance $ 1,366.91 

Furniture 3,883.18 


White $ 52,739.72 

Summer School, 1916 474.00 

$ 53,213.72 
Colored 14,770.46 

$ 67,984.18 

Fuel 2,882.82 

Janitors 4,109.53 

Light and current 799.70 

Colored libraries 250.00 

Automobile 657.54 

Teachers' Aid Society 619.46 

Secretary: G. Rosenthal, June 16 $ 50.00 

J. F. Ferrall 600.00 650.00 

12 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

Auditor $ 100.00 

Superintendent 2,500.00 

Stenographer 600.00 

Medical inspector 800.00 

Truant officer 825.75 

Legal expenses 190.00 

Supplies 1,248.16 

Expenses 1,882.18 

Fees to County Treasurer 880.01 

Freight and express 18.92 

Postage 56.82 

Indigent pupils 22.00 

Incidentals 4.71 

Loans repaid : 

Citizens National Bank $9,000.00 

Citizens National Bank 6,500.00 

State of North Carolina 300.00 15,800.00 


Total receipts $133,006.00 

Total expenditures 133,576.42 

Deficit $ 570.42 

Balance in Citizens National Bank $ 2,831.96 

Cash .93 

$ 2,832.89 
Overdraft County Treasurer 3,403.31 

$ 570.42 

Included in the county overdraft is a warrant to the Southern 
School Supply Company for desks for Murphey School. This warrant 
has since been taken up by loan from the Citizens Bank; amount, 


INDEBTEDNESS, 1916-1917. 

Mortgage to Joseph G. Brown, trustee, on the High School, 

6 per cent interest, due November 1, 1916 $13,000.00 

Note to B. P. Williamson, 6 per cent interest, balance due on 

purchase price of lot at High School, due March 1, 1918 500.00 

Three notes of $300 each, at 4 per cent interest, to the State 
of North Carolina, due February 12, 1918, 1919, and 
1920. These are part, and the balance, of ten notes for 
$300 each issued to the State on February 12, 1910, for a 
loan of $3,000 900.00 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 13 

Note to Young & Hughes, for balance due on heating contract 

at Oberlin School $ 2,000.00 

Note dated May 24, 1917, to the Citizens National Bank, due 

September 24th, borrowed money 15,000.00 



"White Schools. 

High School $ 13,217.00 

Centennial School '. 8,347.76 

Wiley School 9,660.46 

Murphey School 8,713.10 

Thompson School 5,411.49 

Caraleigh School 2,061.44 

Pilot Mills School 2,118.34 

R. H. Lewis School 7,515.22 

Special teachers 2,799.96 

Domestic Science 1,647.94 

Summer School 79.00 

$ 61,571.71 

Average cost per pupil $ 21.56 

Cost of administration 2.27 

Cost, white pupil $23.83 

Colored Schools 

Crosby School I 3,388.03 

Garfield School 4,298.13 

Washington School 5,818.65 

Oberlin School 3,971.55 

Domestic Science 584.59 

School gardens 332.98 

$ 18,393.93 

Average cost per pupil $ 11.19 

Cost of administration 2.27 

Cost, colored pupil $ 13.46 

Average cost per pupil, all schools $ 17.78 

14 Raleigh ToicnsJiip Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 


Improvements and repairs $ 57.50 

Interest 658.00 

Furniture 28.00 

Secretary 650.00 

Auditor 100.00 

Superintendent 2,500.00 

Stenographer 600.00 

Medical inspection 824.65 

Truant officer 825.75 

Legal 100.00 

Supplies 698.05 

Expenses 1,866.42 

Freight and express 11.10 

Postage 56.82 

Teachers' Mutual Aid Society 619.46 

Colored libraries 250.00 

Automobile 657.64 

Incidentals 4.71 

$ 10,598.10 

By cash credits 340.86 

I 10,257.24 

Enrollment 4,499 

Administration cost per pupil.... $2.28 

Enrollment, 378 

Improvements and repairs $ 370.94 

Interest and insurance 927.54 

Furniture 274.50 

Teachers 10,450.01 

Janitor 660.00 

Fuel 317.21 

Light and current 365.06 

Supplies , 90.89 

Expense 184.03 

Freight and express 6.67 

Incidentals 6.00 

$ 13,652.85 

Less received for tuition 435.85 

$ 13,217.00 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 15 

Average cost per pupil $ 34.96 

Add administration cost 2.28 

$ 37.24 

Teacher cost per pupil $ 27.65 

Fuel cost per pupil '.83 

Real estate payments for the year $ 4,250.00 


Buildings I 18,000.00 

Furniture 2,300.00 


Enrollment, 455 

Improvements and repairs | 226.77 

Furniture 3.00 

Teachers 7,525.69 

Janitor 360.00 

Fuel 264.60 

Light and power 181.90 

Expense 53.55 

$ 8,615.51 
Less received for tuition 267.75 

$ 8,347.76 

Average cost per pupil $ 20.62 

Teacher cost per pupil 15.88 

Fuel cost per pupil 58 


Buildings and furniture $ 15,500.00 

Enrollment, 566 

Improvements and repairs $ 634.70 

Insurance 86.40 

Furniture 11.50 

Teachers 8,232.80 

Janitor 360.00 

Fuel 241.25 

Light and current 129.43 

Supplies 7.09 

Expense 61.79 

$ 9,764.96 
Less tuition paid 104.59 

$ 9,660.46 

16 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

Average cost per pupil $ 17.06 

Add administration cost 2.28 


Teacher cost per pupil $ 14.54 

Fuel cost per pupil 43 

Building and furniture $ 15,000.00 


Enrollment, 497 
Permanent Investments: 

Building $ 11,427.81 

Furniture 2,384.58 

$ 13,812.39 

Insurance $ 243.10 

Teachers 7,751.70 

Janitor 442.50 

Fuel 244.28 

Light and current 18.75 

Supplies 1.70 

Expenses 76.07 

Indigent pupils 5.00 

$ 8,783.10 
Less tuition paid 70.00 

I 8,713.10 

Average cost per pupil | 17.53 

Add administration cost 2.28 

. ' 119.81 

Teacher cost per pupil $ 15.60 

Fuel cost per pupil 49 


Building $ 25,000.00 

Furniture 500.00 


^ Enrollment, 410 

Permanent Investments: 

Building .? 1,347.78 

Furniture 615.00 

$ 1,962.78 

Norm \-aroiina ^raie uorary 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 17 

Furniture $ 46.50 

Insurance 160.50 

Teachers 6,292.98 

Janitor 420.83 

Fuel 421.34 

Light and current , 84.76 

Supplies 16.55 

Expenses 91.61 

Freight and express 1.15 

Indigent pupils 2.00 

$ 7,538.22 

Less tuition received 23.00 

$ 7,515.22 

Cost per pupil $ 18.33 

Add administration cost 2.28 


Teacher cost per pupil $ 15.34 

Fuel cost per pupil 1.02 


Building $ 20,000.00 

Furniture 750.00 


Enrollment, 300 

Improvements and repairs I 279.02 

Insurance 57.53 

Furniture 25.00 

Teachers 4,584.63 

Janitor 252.50 

Fuel 152.98 

Lights 8.00 

Supplies 1.35 

Expense 73.23 

Indigent pupils . 2.00 

$ 5,436.24 

Less tuition paid 24.75 

$ 5,411.49 

18 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

Cost per pupil $'l8.03 

Administration cost per pupil 2.28 

$ 20.31 

Teacher cost per pupil $ 15.28 

Fuel cost per pupil 51 


Building I 5,000.00 

Furniture 750.00 


Enrollment, 117 
Permanent Investment: 

Furniture | 157.25 

Improvements and repairs 21.83 

Insurance 73.31 

Teachers 1,744.25 

Janitor 141.33 

Fuel 82.00 

Expenses 73.72 

$ 2,136.44 
Less tuition paid 75.00 

$ 2,061.44 

Cost per pupil $ 17.61 

Add administration cost 2.28 

$ 19.89 

Teacher cost per pupil $ 14.90 

Fuel cost per pupil 70 


Building $ 2,500.00 

Furniture 250.00 


Enrollment, 133 

Insurance $ 17.00 

Teachers 1,826.25 

Janitor 141.33 

Fuel 59.98 

Expense 66.78 

Indigent pupils 7.00 

$ 2,118.34 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 19 

Cost per pupil $ 15.92 

Add administration cost 2.28 

$ 18.20 

Cost per teacher pupil $ 13.73 

Fuel per pupil 45 

Furniture $250.00 


Enrollment, 2,856 

Musical instructor $ 1,200.00 

Physical training instructor 800.00 

Drawing instructor 800.00 

$ 2,800.00 
Average cost per pupil 98 cents 

Medical Inspector 

Salary $ 800.00 

Supplies ' 24.40 

Expenses .25 

$ 824.65 

Enrollment, 114 

Insurance $ 25.50 

Furniture 155.70 

Teacher 994.45 

Janitor 141.33 

Supplies 258.80 

Fuel 44.26 

Expense 27.90 

$ 1,647.94 

Cost per pupil I 14.45 

Teacher cost per pupil 8.72 


Building $1,600.00 

Furniture 400.00 

20 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 


Enrollment, 107 

Teachers $ 537.00 

Printing 5.50 

$ 542.50 

Less received for tuition 463.00 

? 79.50 

Permanent investment — garage $ 428.58 

Machine 383.10 

Oil and gasoline 155.04 

Repairs 114.40 

License 5.00 

$ 657.54 

Enrollment, 409 

Improvements and repairs $ 122.48 

Insurance 14.40 

Teachers 2,744.30 

Janitor 289.90 

Fuel 226.23 

Expense 33.47 

$ 3,425.78 
Less receipts for tuition 37.75 

$ 3,388.03 

Cost per pupil | 8.28 

Add administration cost 2.28 


Teacher cost per pupil $ 6.71 

Fuel cost per pupil 53 


Building $7,500.00 

Furniture 900.00 


Enrollment, 467 

Improvements and repairs $ 34.42 

Insurance 43.20 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools^ 1916-1917. 21 

Furniture $ 23.50 

Teachers 3,629.13 

Janitor 294.32 

Fuel 260.73 

Light 11.80 

Supplies 3.00 

Expenses 21.03 

? 4,321.13 
Less received for tuition 23.00 

$ 4,298.13 

Cost per pupil $ 9.20 

Add for administration cost 2.28 


Teacher cost per pupil $ 7.77 

Fuel cost per pupil 56 


Building $ 10,500.00 

Furniture 1,000.00 


Enrollment, 497 

Improvements and repairs $ 396.12 

Insurance 215.74 

Furniture 12.00 

Teachers 4,564.07 

Janitor 299.42 

Fuel 313.20 

Supplies 4.50 

Expenses 40.60 

$ 5,845.65 
Less received for tuition 27.00 

$ 5,818.65 

Cost per pupil $ 11.07 

Add administration cost 2.28 

$ 13.35 

Teacher cost per pupil $ 9.18 . 

Fuel cost per pupil 63 


Building $ 14,000.00 

Furniture 1,000.00 

22 Raleigh Toivnslup Graded Scliools, 1916-1917. 


Enrollment, 270 
Permanent Investments: 

Real estate $ 40.53 

Improvements 1,608.62 

$ 1,649.15 

Interest $ 70.00 

Insurance 407.19 

Furniture . . . .- 83.09 

Teachers 2,811.82 

Janitor 306.07 

Fuel 255.00 

Supplies 6.00 

Expenses 67.38 

$ 4,006.55 
Less received for tuition, etc 35.00 

$ 3,971.55 

Cost per pupil $ 14.71 

Add administration cost 2.28- 

I 16.99 

Teacher cost per pupil | 10.40 

Fuel cost per pupil .84 


Building $ 15,000.00 

Furniture 1,100.00 

Old building 1,400.00 

Furniture 250.00 


Enrollment, 130 

Improvements and repairs $ 52.15 

Furniture 60.00 

Teacher 371.14 

Fuel 4.76 

Supplies 96.48 

$ 584.59 
Cost per pupil $4.49 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 23 

School Gardens * 

Tools $ 1.00 

Teacher 600.00 

Supplies 38.55 

Expenses 18.86 


Less Phelps-Stokes fund $300.00 

Received for vegetables 75.43 $ 375.43 

$ 282.98 

24 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

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High School Graduates, 1916-1917 

Madge Bernard 
Isabel Bowen 
Carrie Cooper 
Helen Ellington 
Mildred Fleming 
Lonise Harris 
Lonise Hicks 
Mary Henderlite 
Lillian Horton 
Savon Horton 
Mary Johnson 
Xellie Mae Johnston 
Claudia Jones 
Hilda Judd 
Elizabeth Kitchin 
Knth iSTorwood 
Ellie Xowell 
Ava Olive 
Blanche Plott 
Bessie Ray 
Mary Bay 
Lena Ray 
Narcissa Riddick 
Ruth Sheets 
Eugenia Shoaf 
Daisv Smith 

Jeaiiie Smith 
Lois Strickland 
Eura Strother 
Melissa Strother • 
Josephine Swaim 
Josie Wester 
Annie Mae Wilder 
Ina Wilson 
Alberta Womble 
Charles Arthur 
George Billings 
Lee Denson 
Haywood Edmundson 
Bart M. Gatling, Jr. 
Erank M. Harper, Jr. 
Rufus Hunter 
Roger Marshall 
Josephus D. Pell 
Marvin Richardson 
Robert Russell 
Hugh Satterfield 
Henry Schwartz 
Sherwood B. Smith 
Erank Ward 
Sam Young, Jr. 

Holders of Jimior Order Medals : 
High School — Lee Denson. 
Grammar School— Gladys Morgan. 

26 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

Winners of — 

Spelling Trophy — Thompson School. 
Writing Trophy — Centennial School. 
Attendance Trophy — Pilot ]\Iills School. 

Winner of St. Mary's Scholarship — Elizabeth Kitchin. 

Winner of Peace Institute Scholarship — Jeanie Smith. 

Winner of X. C. Univ'ersity Scholarship — Henry 

Winner of Trinity College >Scholarsliip — Robert Pussell. 

Winner of Eichard H. Lewis Debaters' Medal — Eoger 

Winner of Mrs. W. jST. Hutt Domestic Science Prize — 
Evelyn Woodall. 

Winner of Mrs. J. G. Ball Letter Writing ]\Iedal — Lanra 

Winner of Scholarship-Athletic Medal — Alonzo Mial. 

Winners of Chamber of C^ommerce Prizes — $5.00 each — 
Best Essay on '''The Value of Good Roads to a Com- 
munity" — Helen Delamar. 
Best Road Map of Wal^e County — Pauline Miller. 

Report of Superintendent of Schools 

Kaleigii, K C, July 1, 1917. 

To the Scliool Committee of Baleigh Townsliip. 

Gentlemen : — The past year completes ten years of active 

service which I have spent as Superintendent of the Raleigh 

Public Schools, and a comparison of conditions ten years ago 

with those of the present time will give added emphasis to 

what has been accomplished : 

1907-08 1916-17 

Raleigh local graded tax $20,922.91 $55,594.16 

County apportionment 16,396.20 27,223.80 

Tuition 132.50 1,065.00 

White enrollment 1,928 2,854 

Colored enrollment • 1,187 1,645 

Total enrollment 3,115 4,499 

Cases of tardiness 5,331 763 

Cases of absence 31,423 17,561 

Teachers' salaries $32,798.27 $67,984.18 

Number of teachers 77 119 

In 1907 there were no single desks in the Ealeigh Schools. 
ISTow there are new single desks in all of the white schools 
except at Caraleigh and Pilot ]\Iills. At these two schools 
there are a few double desks still in use. I recommend that 
we continue the policy of gradually replacing the old double 
desks with modern single desks. 

In 1907 there was only one course of study in the High 
School, and all pupils were required to study Latin. There 
were only six members of the faculty, including the Prin- 
cipal. At the present time we have three courses of study, 
a fairly well equipped commercial course, and have thirteen 
teachers, including the Principal. 

In 1907 the salaries paid the teachers were not such as to 
attract teachers with professional training and the schools 

28 Ealeigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

were in the bauds largely of untrained young women. Since 
that time the salaries of teachers have been raised 80 per 
cent, so that now every teacher in the Ealeigh Schools has 
had either training or experience. The citizens of Raleigh 
are now showing marked interest in school matters. At the 
present time the cooperation of the citizens in the schools is 
all that we could ask. Enormous gatherings attend our en- 
tertainments. Our City Auditorium at times is tilled with 
interested patrons. 

The Raleigh Schools now have a regular system of medical 
insj^ection, physical training, and a good compulsory attend- 
ance law that is carefully enforced. Our Domestic Science 
Department is now under a teacher that has had extensive 
training, and it has been put on a scientific basis. 

In 1007-08 there were sixteen members of the senior class 
in the High School; in 1U16-1T there were fifty-live mem- 
bers. In 1907-08 the High School enrollment was 108; in 
101(3-17 it was 378. 

While the above comparison must needs be gratifying to 
the Committee, I would call attention to the fact that in- 
creased equipment is one of our greatest needs at this time. 

The large auditorium at the Centennial School is practi- 
cally useless, owing to a lack of seating facilities. If prop- 
erly furnished with seats, community gatherings could be 
held at this school and the people thus kept informed as to 
school matters. The same thing exists at the new Oberlin 
School, where there is a large, new auditorium. At the 
Murphey School are two large basement rooms that would 
answer the purposes of auditoriums if furnished with seats. 

Our Domestic Science Department needs to be enlarged, 
and sewing should, by all means, be added. When you con- 
sider that one hundred and fourteen girls were enrolled in the 
Domestic Science Department last year in cooking alone, you 
will get some idea as to the acute need for enlarged facilities. 

There should be a special room for the teaching of drawing 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 29 

in the High SchooL The drawing teacher has no room set 
apart especially for this work. 

The anditorium at the High School should have its capac- 
ity double what it is now. At present we cannot seat the 
High School pupils for a lack of room. 

The roof at the Lewis School is surrounded by a parapet 
five feet high and is ideally suited for an open air school for 
anemic children. I hope that in the near future the Com- 
mittee will add a stairway at this building so that access can 
he had to the roof which would afford the finest facilities for 
an open-air school in Raleigh. The view from the roof of 
this building is superb, and it is a pity that this space is not 

It is gratifying to report the favor with which the four 
new libraries recently established in the four colored schools 
have been received by the colored citizens. One of these 
libraries, at the Garfield School, has been kept open during 
the summer months and has been liberally patronized. I 
regard the establishment of these libraries through the gen- 
erosity of one of our big-hearted citizens, aided by an appro- 
priation from the School Committee, as one of the crowning 
achievements of the year. 

The completion of the new Murphey School building, the 
Richard H. Lewis building, and the new Oberlin School 
building has added to our seating capacity to such an extent 
that I hope to be able to accommodate every child in the town- 
ship comfortably when the schools open on the 10th of Sep- 
tember. For the last five years the schools have increased at 
the rate of two hundred each year. 

I would call your attention to the attendance record of the 
past year. We issued to the white schools three hundred 
forty-nine certificates of perfect attendance and one hundred 
ninety-two certificates to the colored schools, making a total 
of five hundred forty-one. One pupil who graduated from 
the High School, Miss Lillian Horton, has a perfect record 

30 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

of attendance in the Ealeigh Schools, she having attended 
from the first grade through the eleventh grade, or senioi 
class, without having been tardy or absent once. 

I wish to express appreciation to Mrs. J. G. Ball for a 
medal donated for improvement in letter-writing; to the 
Junior Order Society of Ealeigh for its two medals, one for 
the High School and one for the grammar schools. 

A number of citizens have donated handsome pictures to 
the schools during the year. Among these are Judge Kobert 
W. Winston, Mr. Charles J. Parker, ]\lr. Frank K. Thomp- 
son, Mr. A. T. Bowler, Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Lewis, Dr. S. E. 
Horton, Mrs. Franklin Sherman, ]\Ir. M. Eosenthal, Mr. W. 
J. Young, and Mrs. P. T. Smith. Dr. and Mrs. Lewis also 
donated $60 in cash toward payment for the new piano at 
the Lewis School. 

The Eotarians have donated $21 to the Domestic Science 
Department of the High School and $21 to the High School 
orchestra for the purchase of needed equipment in both 
departments. They also donated $45 to the High School for 
the purchase of baseball suits. "We have entertained the 
Eotary Club at luncheon, and secured almost perfect attend- 
ance from this active body of business men. 

I would call your attention to the Teachers' Pension Fund, 
a statement of which will be found further on in this report. 
So far as I know, Ealeigh is the only city in the State that 
has a pension fund for its teachers that retire from service by 
reason of old age. The teachers are grateful to the School 
C^ommittee for their generous additions to this fund from 
tuition received. This fund also aids the teachers who are 
absent on account of sickness and tends to relievo the teach- 
ers of much financial worry. 

Much has been accomplished during the past year in the 
teaching of penmanship, and music, and drawing. The 
supervisors of each of these subjects met with the teachers 
weekly throughout the year, and thus most valuable aid has 
been given to the grade teachers. Our program in music has 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 31 

been especially gratifying, both vocal and instrumental. 
Credit for music is given in our High School, so that a pupil 
who elects music knows that this subject will count equally 
with other subjects, and he thus enters on the study of music 
with seriousness of purpose. Mr. Gustav Hagedorn, our musi- 
cal director, deserves great credit for the musical training he 
has given both pupils and teachers, and his work in training 
the High School orchestra deserves special mention. Our ad- 
vanced orchestra numbered twenty-two, and there were sixty- 
four beginners. During the coming year we hope to do even 
greater things in musical lines than we have done before. 

For the third time we have conducted a summer school, 
thus giving conditioned pupils an opportunity to remove their 
conditions and also to enable exceptionally bright pupils to 
gain time and possibly skip a grade in passing from the first 
grade through the High School. There were enrolled in the 
summer school one hundred seven pupils. 

The Secretary's report, which is printed in the annual 
report of the Committee, gives valuable information in regard 
to the schools. It would be interesting if this same informa- 
tion could be obtained as to other systems of schools in iSTorth 
Carolina from cities the size of Raleigh. From this report 
you will note that the average cost per pupil in Raleigh is 
$17.78, whereas the average cost per pupil in the United 
States three years ago was $42.61. It is considerably higher 

The following table of comparison of cost per pupil in the 

different cities shows that Raleigh is spending an exceedingly 

small amount per pupil : 

Cost per Pupil. 

El Paso, Texas $37.81 

Portland, Oi egon 49.95 

Tacoma, Wash 43.92 

San Jose, Cal 48.16 

Spokane, Wash 54.94 

Salt Lake City 44.81 

Seattle, Wash 60.50 

Raleigh 17.78 

32 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

I cannot close tins report witliont commending the spirit 
that animates the teaching corps of Raleigh. Onr motto is 
cooperation and service. Onr ranks have in the main been 
free from discord ; unity of aim and purpose has at all times 
prevailed ; and your Superiniendent wishes to express in this 
report his unqualified appreciation for the loyal support 
which the teachers have given him. 

Especially do I wish to express my gratitude to the Com- 
mittee for its s;}anpathy and active aid generously given at 
all times during the year. 

Respectfully submitted. 

Fraxk M. Harper, 


Report of Supervisor of Drawing 

SuPEKi]N"TENDEXT F. M, Hakpek, Bcileigh, N. C. 

Dear Sir: — I herewith submit my report as Supervisor 
of Drawing for the year 1016-1917. 

The work done this year was upon the lines set forth in 
my report of last year; the same plans, materials, etc., used. 

I visited the Pilot Mills and Caraleigh Schools twice each 
month and the other schools three times a month. The Lewis, 
Wiley, and Murphey Schools had somewhat an interrupted 
schedule during the first school term, as the two new schools 
were not then finished, but the drawung was not neglected 
when they moved into their new buildings. 

The Lewis and Murphey Schools each had a small exhibit 
at the close of school, and it w^as gratifying to note the excel- 
lent results obtained. Both teachers and pupils worked to 
make up time lost during the first of the year. 

There were also exhibits at both of the mill schools. These 
children are very appreciative and do good work in drawing. 

There were twenty pupils enrolled in the High School 
class at the beginning of the session. The Business room was 
used for an Art room, but after a few lessons that room was 
needed for a Murphey grade, so the drawing had to be given 

In ]\rarcli another class was organized. This class was 
composed of fourteen enthusiastic pupils, all of whom did 
good work during their short course. 

If there w^as a room at the High School furnished for 
Drawing and Industrial Arts, I feel sure that the pupils 
would make great progress along these lines. The High 
School class made the posters for the School Festival, which 
were admired very much. It was then especially that they 

34 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

needed and wished so much for a room of their own, with 
drawing desks and everything titted for that purpose. 

Drawing taught as an end and not a means is lifeless and 
uninteresting. It is certainly worth while to create an in- 
terest in drawing through a development of its need as fouiid 
in representation, illustration, design, and construction. 

The pupils should be drilled so as to obtain skill, but the 
work should be modified so that they see its importance and 
its need for their own work ; then they will take hold and 
enjoy their work. 

It is my wish next year to have an exhibition of the draw- 
ing of all the schools, and to work and plan for it at the 
beginning of this school year. 

Very respectfully, 

ISTaxxie E. Smith, 

Teacher of Dnncing. 

Mav 26, 1917. 

Report of Supervisor of Music 

Kaleigh, K C, June 1, 1917. 
Superintendent Feank M. Haepee, 

Baleigh Township Graded Schools, 
Raleigh, N. C. 

Dear Sie : — I herewith make my report of the first year's 
work as Supervisor of the Music in the Kaleigh Public 

My work was divided into two particular branches, the 
Graded School work and that of the High School. 

From the outset it was apparent that the cooperation of 
the grade teachers was absolutely necessary in the teaching of 
music in the Graded Schools, and to this end the teachers, 
one and all, received w^eekly instruction in this work. Let 
me say in this place that the cooperation of the teachers and 
their willingness to work along my lines deserve special 
commendation. I found only the heartiest cooperation, both 
from teachers and Principals, and can only express my ap- 
preciation and admiration for the splendid esprit du corps 
Vv'hich prevails among the Raleigh teachers. The teachers 
met once a week, divided into the following sections : the first, 
second, and third grade teachers making one section; the 
third, fourth, and fifth another section ; and the sixth and 
seventh grade teachers another. Each section met once a 

I introduced the system of public school music as taught 
at the School of Music Pedagogy at ISTorthampton, Mass., 
and naturally had to start every class from the beginning. 
This made the first year's work somewhat irregular, as the 
seventh gTade pupils were taken over as much ground as we 
could cover in one year, the sixth grade from the first about 

36 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

tlirougii the sixth grade work, and so on, so that the coming 
year every chiss will do the regular work of the seven years 
course. This arrangement, being the only feasible one, will 
eventually bear the desired results. Already a great im- 
provement is noticeable in the singing of the children. 

Some radical changes were necessary in the High School 
music. Instead of the entire freshman class being required to 
sing in the Glee Club, this is now elective and every classman 
is eligible. In this way a great ninnber of students are given 
an opportunity to sing with the Glee Oluli, whereas a number 
of others who are not prepared, vocally or temperamentally, 
to beneiit the class or receive benefit from the singing, can 
devote this time to other studies. 

The Grlee Club ]unnl)ered about seventy-five voices and in 
conjunction with the High School Orchestra gave a highly 
creditable concert at the end of the school session. The se- 
lections sung were all worthy and the results obtained fully 
justified the labor and painstaking efibrts of the year. 

The orchestral work is divided into two parts, the Begin- 
ners and the Advanced Orchestra. Of the Beginners who 
started the previous year, three violins, two flutes, two cor- 
nets, two clarinets, and the drum player were sufiiciently 
advanced to play in the Advanced Orchestra. These eight 
players received all their training in and through the High 
School Orchestra. This year a number of beginners will 
advance into the Advanced Orchestra. 

The Advanced Orchestra, known as the Ealeigh High 
School Orchestra, consisted of nineteen players. Besides 
playing every Monday morning for the opening exercises, 
they appeared pul)liclv on the following occasions: Christ 
Church Parish House, Opening of the Lewis School (two 
times), Murphey School Opening, Rotary Club Banquet, 
High School Play, Patriotic Demonstration, County Com- 
mencement, Historical and Educational Pageant, and the 
High School Commencement. These players rehearsed two 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 37 

and often three times a week. The orchestra now owns two 
cellos, one bass violin, two clarinets, one drum, and two 

The High School now credits the work in the Orchestra 
and Glee Club one-fifth of one unit each. In order to obtain 
ihe real cultural value of the student electing the work in the 
Glee Club, I recommend that a course kno^^oi as "Apprecia- 
tion of Music" be required of all electing both Glee Club and 
Orchestra. This course is to consist of a suitable outline of 
Music History and the study of several well known musical 
compositions, instruction to consist of lectures, illustrated by 
the phonograph and special singers and players of the city. 

In cclosing this report, I wish to express appreciation for 
the enthusiastic support given not only by the teachers, but 
by Superintendent Harper and the School Committee. I be- 
lieve that the coming year will be a noted one along musical 
lines in the public schools of this city. 

Respectfully submitted, 

GusTAV Hagedoen, 

Musical Supervisor. 

Report of Supervisor of Physical Training 

SuPEEixTENDEXT Fkaxk M. Hakpee, Raleigh, i\". C. 

Deak Sir : — The following is a report of the work done in 
the Physical Training I)e})artnient during the past year 

Most of my time was spent at the High School, as there 
were ten classes, each taking two forty-minute periods per 
week. At the grammar schools I visited each room twice a 
month, giving a lesson which the teacher in charge developed. 
Here the Swedish system of gymnastics was used and, aside 
from free exercises, many games were taught, especially 
games which developed attention and furnished some recre- 
ation and pleasure. It would be a splendid addition if the 
upper grammar grades could be provided with wands, Indian 
clubs and dumb-l:>ells. 

At the High School I taught the Swedish sjstem mainly. 
The girls for some reason seemed to lack an interest in phys- 
ical training, so a game w\as played at the end of nearly every 
lesson. Some days we played games entirely, leaving out 
the formal exercises. Such games as basket-ball, end-ball, 
corner-ball, dodge-ball, and many other ball games, as w^ell as 
relay races, ring games, and running games were taught. 

It is an excellent plan to develop the play spirit in girls of 
high school age. Some of the excellent results of play are 
that it promotes health, promotes nervous stability, develops 
strength of vital organs and muscles, rests the visual centers 
and brain, develops functional strength, promotes friendli- 
ness, patriotism, morality, will power, and loyalty. Frliebel 
2nade play the basis of all education. He says play may be 
considered the germinal leaves of after life. 

Aside from games and the Swedish formal gymnastics, 
wands were used to try to develop the chests of many hollow- 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 39 

chested girls, and folk dances, likewise, occupied their share 
of time. Much more could be done if it were possible to have 
a larger gymnasium floor, an indoor basket-ball court, and 
equipment such as Indian clubs, dumb-bells, parallel bars, 
horse, etc. 

About the middle of March practice for the Spring Festi- 
val began. This was given the 8th of May, and nearly six 
hundred children took part. The entertainment consisted of 
tableaux, dances, and drills representing the several periods 
of ISTorth Carolina history. The proceeds were about $310, 
half of which was added to the Teachers' Eetiremeut Tund 
and half was given to the Eed Cross Society. 

In closing, I beg to thank the Superintendent and the 
teachers for their generous cooperation in my work through- 
out the year, and especially for their help with the May 
Festival. Respectfully, 

Peahl Castile, '' 
Supervisor of Physical Training. 

Report of Domestic Science Department 

SuPEraxTEXDEXT F. M. Harpek, B(dei(jh, N. C. 

Deae Sie : — I wish to submit my report of the work of 
the Domestic Science Department for the year 1916-1917. 

Tlie work in this department was made elective this year, 
and I have noticed a marked im})rovement. While the classes 
have been somewhat smaller, the pupils have all taken great 
interest in their work, and we have, therefore, been able to 
cover more gronnd. 

Forty-seven girls have taken the Sophomore work. Two 
periods a week have been used for cooking. The usual course 
included ])reserving and canning, combinations of foods to 
make well balanced meals, setting of the table and table serv- 
ice. But es])eciall_v have I emphasized the cost of foods and 
economy in their use. 1 have tried to help overcome the 
popular prejudice against Home Economics courses, that they 
tend to teach the })upil extravagance. 

This year the Sophomores have had a complete study of 
the digestion and assimilation of food. Xo text-book was 
used. Conn's "Bacteria, Yeasts and Molds" was used as the 
text-book for Bacteriology. 

Fifty-five Freshmen enrolled for Domestic Science. Two 
periods once a week have been given to cookery. This in- 
cluded the study of food, chemical changes during cooking, 
etc. One period once a week was given to the study of 
Dietetics. Kinne and Cooler's ''Foods and Household Man- 
agement" was the text-l)ook used. 

On account of the course being elective, the Junior work 
has been most satisfactory. There w^ere twelve girls in the 
class. During the first term, three periods twice a week were 
given to fancy cookery. The last term was divided in tw^o 
parts. The first part was devoted to Emergencies and Home 

Baleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 41 

Xursiiig. This included the structure of the body, care of 
wounds, shock, dislocations, treatment for fainting, poison- 
ing, drowning, etc. During the second part of the term we 
have studied Interior Decoration. 

March 14th the Junior girls served to fifty-one meml^ers of 
the Raleigh Rotary Club a five-course luncheon in the High 
School Auditorium. The members of the club showed their 
appreciation by donating to the Domestic Science Depart- 
ment $21, with which we purchased some much heeded silver. 

During the first term we had opportunity to sell the dishes 
prepared in class, for lunch. This helped to vary the menu 
of the regular noon lunch, and to lessen the cost of the lessons 
considerably. Respectfully, 

GEin'RUDE Sliter. 

Report Commercial Department 

Supeiu:s;texde:s:t F. ]\I. Hakpek, Balei(jli, N. C. 

Deak 8ii; : — The following' is a report of the work done in 
the Commercial Department during the year IIJIG-IUIT: 

This course consists of Business Methods, Bookkeeping, 
Shorthand, and Typewriting. There have been over one 
hundred })upils enrolled in this department this year. 

We completed ''Business Methods" in the Freshman year. 
In the Sophomore year we studied Cleary's ''System of Book- 
keeping," Part One. The Junior class completed "Practical 
Course in Graham Shorthand.'' The Seniors have acquired 
a speed of over one hundred words a minute in Shorthand; in 
Typewriting some of them have gained a speed of over sixty 
words a minute. At least half of the Senior class have 
already- secured stenographic positions. 

I trust the time will come when we will have more space 
devoted to the Commercial work, and in this way put it on 
a Letter footing. 

I am very much in favor of introducing "Salesmanship 
and Business Efficiency'" in the Senior year, and believe this 
can be done w^ithout changing the present course. 

Gladys Richards, 
Supervisor Commercial Department. 

Report of Medical Inspector 

SuPEEiA^TE]SfDEXT Feaxk M. Harpek, licde'igli, N. C. 

Dear Sir : — I beg to submit the following report upon 
medical inspection of school children for the year 1916- 

Taccinafioiis: All pupils in the public schools were in- 
spected as to vaccinations, and those who did not have satis- 
factory scars were vaccinated in the school building. There 
were 316 white and 184 negro children vaccinated by the 
Medical Inspector. 

Contagious Diseases: The following contagious diseases 
were sent home from the schools : 

Impetigo 25 

Scabies 5 

Pediculosis capitis 11 

Acute sore throat 10 

Ringworm 50 

Mumps 11 

Specific infection 1 

Gonorrhea 1 

Furunculosis 4 

Measles 2 

The large number of ringworm eases, with three exceptions, 
occurred in one school (Washington). 

Ancemic Children: Blood tests were made of the anaemic 
white children in the schools and the actual amount of red 
blood coloring matter (hemoglobin) determined in each of 

The purpose for which this was done, primarily, was to 
select those children who needed most outdoor schooling. In 
addition to this, the parents were notified of the ansemic state 
of their children and were requested to have their family 
physician prescribe for them. Children who seemed to be 

44 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

pliYsieally below par, and a})peared pale, were selected for 
the test. Brietlv, 43 children in the first grade, 26 in the 
second, 28 in the third, 30 in the fourth, 24 in the fifth, and 
4 in the sixth grade were found to l)e decidedly anaemic. Of 
the 156 children, 41 were from the Centennial, 28 from Cara- 
leigh, 24 from 1'honipson, 25 from Lewis, 1I> from AViley. 14 
from Pilot, and 5 from Murphey. All of these children would 
benefit materially from an open-air schooling. 

Physical Examinaiions: Physical examinations of 1,400 
children were made during the past year — 820 Avhites and 
580 negroes. 

The following tabulation, which c(wcrs five years of medi- 
cal inspection and in which time 7,057 children have been 
examined, shows the physical status of the Paleigh school 
child compared to that of the American school child, based 
upon the examination of 64,000 children : 

Defective Vision: 

Average for American school child 25.28% 

Average in Raleigh schools (5,297 examinations) 2iAZ% 

For white children 23 % 

For negro children 26 % 

Adenoids Alone, or Associated With Enlarged Tonsils: 

Average in Raleigh schools (7,057 examinations) 11.28% 

For white children (4,855 examinations) 12.28% 

For negro children (2,202 examinations) 9.33% 

Enlarged Tonsils. Unassociated With Adenoids: 

Average in Raleigh schools (7,057 examinations) 6.21% 

For white children (4,855 examinations) 5.4 % 

For negro children (2,202 examinations) 8.0 % 

Nasal Obstruction {All Causes): 

Average for American school child 12.24% 

Average in Raleigh schools 17.49% 

For white children 17.68% 

For negro children 17.33% 

Defective Hearing: 

Average for American school child 3 % 

Average in Raleigh schools 3.2 % 

For white children 3.5 % 

For negro children 2 % 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 45 

Decayed Teeth: 

Average for American school child 70 % 

Average in Raleigh schools 65.8 % 

For white children 69.3 % 

For negro children , 64 % 

Nervous Children: 

Average for American school child 5.15% 

Average in Raleigh schools 11-4 % 

For white children 13.6 % 

For negro children 7-7 % 

Orthopedic Defects: 

Average for American school child 10 % 

Average in Raleigh schools 6.4 % 

For white children 7.6 % 

For negro children 5 % 


Good in Raleigh schools 61.4 % 

Fair in Raleigh schools 28. 6 % 

Poor in Raleigh schools 10 % 

During the spring of tlie past session the School Board was 
fortunate in having the services of Miss Kose Ehrenfeld, 
public health nurse, tendered by the Kaleigh Woman's Club. 
Her attached report speaks for the tireless energy and thor- 
oughness with which she went about her work. 

In conclusion, I wish to thank the Superintendent, the 
School Board, and teachers for their generous cooperation, 
upon which I have been so largely dependent. 


Aldeet S. Root, M.D., 

Medical Inspector. 


Dr. Root, Medical Examiner, 
Raleigh, N. C. 

Dear Sir: — In connection with the medical inspection of Raleigh 
Public Schools, the following report of "follow-up calls" is submitted: 

These calls in the interest of the school child were made by the 
nurse in the homes of children reported to have physical defects, the 
nature of the call being to draw attention to defects and the bearing 

46 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

of same on the general health and progress of the child, and in each 
case an appeal was made to secure correction or obtain treatment 
by parents' efforts (through their family physician). 

77 calls of this character were made in the interest of 
Lewis School 

SS in the interest of Murphey School 

71 in the interest of Wiley School 
118 in the interest of Thompson School 
103 in the interest of Centennial School 

40 in the interest of Caraleigh Scliool 

66 in the interest of Pilot Mills School 

563 being the total number of calls. 

In addition to this. Mothers' Meetings were called and a talk given 
on the "Health of the School Child" at the Centennial, Thompson, 
and Wiley schools. A public meeting was held in the Fourth Ward, 
with talks by the nurse and members of the State Board of Health, 
and pictures directly bearing on health of school children were 

A health league is being organized in connection with the Thomp- 
son and Centennial schools (for girls over twelve years of age), and 
open to parents. 

Regarding some observations: 

Some of the parents have responded to notices of medical inspector 
and had already obtained correction. Quite a number express appre- 
ciation of a personal visit in behalf of the child, and promise imme- 
diate attention. A large number acknowledge the need and impor- 
tance and their willingness, but financial inability, to have attention 

The largest number of single defects being "dental," and the gen- 
eral disregard of importance of oral hygiene and early attention, 
led us to present the need of a school dentist to the local dental 
association, who suggested a cooperative plan for obtaining such 
service — the dental association being willing to contribute to his 
salary (two members offering to furnish chair and machine toward 
office equipment) ; also, when salary is forthcoming, to place the 
dentist, whose work will be approved by them. 

May we ask you to indorse the need and recommend a scJwol nurse? 
In addition to follow-up work, the type of work in the schools under- 
taken by the school nurses (to the end that their cooperation with 
medical inspector, teachers, and parents may progressively contribute 
toward improving the health of school children) being systematic 
classroom instruction in hygiene. The object being to establish in 
the individual child right habits in regard to health. This instruc- 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 47 

tion given in the nature of short talks on some phase of personal 
hygiene (one topic only to be discussed at any one visit, but other 
topics to be used at subsequent visits until all have been covered). 
The topics suggested are: 

1. Personal cleanliness, including clothing and body. 

2. Care of mouth and teeth (emphasized and detailed instructions 
given), in classes of first three grades, each child being asked to 
bring toothbrush to the school and the nurse to instruct in the proper 
method of cleaning the mouth and brushing the teeth and care of the 
brush. Children to be reinspected to see that the directions given 
are carried out. 

3. Importance of fresh air, including home and school ventilation 
and proper breathing. 

4. Care of the hair and scalp, with particular reference to the pre- 
caution and treatment of pediculosis. 

(The above covers the classroom instructions being given in public 
school grades of other places by school nurses.) 
Respectfully submitted. 

Rose M. Ehrenfeld, 
May 28, 1917. Public Health Ntirse. 

Report of Supervisor of Domestic Science of the 
Washington and Garfield Schools 

SuPEKixTEXDEXT Feaxk M. Haepek^ Bahixjli, X. C. 

Dear Sir : — I lierewitli submit my report of the Domestic 
Science work in the Washington and Garlield schools for the 
year ending May 25, 1917. 

One hundred and thirty girls were enrolled in the cooking 
and one hundred and thirty in the sewing classes.. 

The sixth, seventh, and eighth grades of the Garfield and 
Washington schools reported one period of ninety minutes a 
week for cooking, and one period of sixty minutes a week for 

The course in cooking this year was a little changed. The 
sixth and seventh grades studied ''Josephine ]\forris" House- 
hold Science and Art.'' In these classes we took up the study 
of different foods, their food value, relation to the body, prep- 
aration and preservation of foods. The eighth grade also 
used the same text-book this year. They reviewed the sixth 
and seventh grade work and took up bacteriology, care of 
food, marketing, invalid cookery, combining of dilferent 
dishes to form well balanced meals, setting a table and serving 
meals. Several sets of teachers were served dinner in groups 
of six. Gas was installed during the year, which improved 
the work a great deal, and for which we are very grateful. 

In sewing, the girls in the sixth and seventh grades have 
done only hand sewing. They learned the fundamental 
stitches and their uses, also patching, darning, and the mak- 
ing of buttonholes. Articles were made in each grade using 
the stitches. The eighth grade made plain suits of under- 
clothing and plain dresses on the machines. 

There was a domestic science class organized and conducted 
this vear for mothers. The class met everv Mondav after- 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 49 

noon. Twentj-one mothers enrolled. The School Board fur- 
nished equipment and fuel, and the mothers furnished the 
material for work. They were enthusiastic and appreciative. 
I could not close this report without thanking the Super- 
intendent and Board for their interest and help in this work. 
Also, the principals and teachers for their cooperation in 
every way possible. Kespectfully, 

Beatrice L. Jones, 
Teacher of Domestic Science, 

Report of Supervisor of Home Gardening 

SuPEKixTEXDEXT Feaxk M. Hakper^ Bale'igli, X, C. 

Deak Sir : — I herewith submit my report as Supervisor of 
Home Gardening and Teacher of Agriculture in the Graded 
Schools for the year ending May 31, 1017. 

The home garden work started here in January, 1915, as 
an experiment ; but now almost every one has seen, even in 
this short time, what seemed to have been only Utopian 
visions develop into realization. This development could not 
have come at a more needed time; for just now America is 
not only expected to feed herself, but is asked to feed the 
world. Xow all of us see and do agree that agriculture has 
its place in the public schools of lialeigh along with history, 
geogra})hy, grannnar, and other literary subjects. 

It is very gratifying to note the increased interest that is 
being exercised in gardening this year. There can be only 
a few vacant lots found in this city now. I believe that 
within a short time there cannot be a single vacant lot found 
which is not under cultivation. I have interested three hun- 
dred and fifty children and fifty adults in agriculture. There 
are more that are cither directly or indirectly receiving in- 
spiration from me. I am trying to keep a record of two luui- 
dred gardeners so as to find out just what can be done in this 
Avork. These children receive their theoretical instruction 
forty minutes in the classroom. Then they go out to the 
garden eighty minutes for their practical agriculture. These 
children have bec(ime ac(piainted with and grown twenty-five 
different varieties of vegetables. The vegetables are sold on 
the market by the school children and the money is turned 
over to the School Gonnnittee. The object is to be of real 
service to both themselves and the communitv in which tliev 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 51 

live. And this is one of the ways : grow delicious vegetables 
for both the home and the market, and have them clean, uni- 
form, and attractive when carried to the market. 

We feel very grateful to the Chamber of Commerce for 
their cooperation, for it was through their help that many of 
the children were able to get their gardens planted early. The 
Chamber of Commerce made it possible for the children to 
get 50 cents worth of garden seed at Job P. Wyatt & Sons 
for 10 cents. That was a great help at the time that seed 
were so high. The movement created much interest among 
the children. I am glad to say that the seed have been 
planted and many have matured and the vegetables are being- 
used on the market and in the homes. The children have 
made good with the seed. 

Last year my time was taken with the children at the 
Garfield, Washington Graded School, and the Crosby School. 
This year I have started the garden work with the Oberlin 
children. We were late getting started, but we shall have 
at least good late summer and fall gardens. We are plan- 
ning now for our winter gardens. I am much pleased now 
to see the mothers and fathers of the children taking great 
interest in the Home Garden work. 

Some days ago, after I had lectured to a club of people on 
the subject of gardening, this question was asked me: "Can 
Ealeigh feed herself ?" My reply was in the affirmative. 
This can be done by the 3C method — cooperation, courage, 
and canning. 

Last fall I started a class after school hours for the citizens 
of the city. There was much accomplished. I taught them 
how to make a seed test, how to build up the soil, the value 
of cover crops, etc. By the time school closed I had the con- 
fidence of the people and we organized a Gardeners' Union, 
and we are having classes, and shall have all summer. The 
Gardeners' Union has been an inspiration to the people. The 
results of it show itself in good gardens in every section of 

52 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

the city. In order that we might enjoy these delicious vege- 
tables in the winter at a time when they cannot be gTown, we 
have organized ourselves into a canning club. The member- 
ship is very large and we are doing outdoor canning. During 
these war times we hope to contribute our part to humanity 
tlirough this canning club. We have public demonstrations 
in canning, at which time we invite the public to come and 
observe and learn the new methods of canning and preserv- 
ing. It is my desire that there may be found this winter, in 
every home, canned fruits and vegetables which have been 
grown and canned Ijy my gardeners. At the present condition 
of affairs in our country I cannot see how any American can 
count himself a true American without allowing his hand 
either directly or indirectly to touch the soil, which is God's 
footstool, and help feed the world. 

At the Garfield School I have on roll five grades of three 
hundred and ten pupils that come to me at various times for 
agricultural training. I have three gTades at the Washing- 
ton Graded School who are receiving this training. A plan 
is on foot to use a vacant space which is at the Crosby build- 
ing as a roof garden for some of the larger children at the 
Crosby School who are interested in gardening. Children 
who receive training in agriculture during the school term 
care for gardens of their own and care for gardens for the 
people of the city during vacation time. Many of these boys 
do landscape work for the people of the city under my direc- 
tion. Their work can be seen in many parts of the city. 

At the Garfield School we have a demonstration plat of 
about three-fourths of an acre. Some of the boys are em- 
ployed to care for this plat during the summer and are paid 
out of the proceeds of the garden. 

Attached is a statement below- showing the financial condi- 
tion of the department u]i to ^May 31, 1017, exclusive of seed 
l)ill for this year, wliieh will appear in my report at the end 
of the vear 1017 : 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 53 

Money paid for rent, labor, and cover crop on the land when 

we took it in charge, January, 1915 1 21.50 

Rent, 1916 10.00 

Cost of fencing the garden, 1915 21.07 

Cost of tools 65.70 

Cost of manure 46.05 

Cost of labor for plowing and cultivating 26.84 

Cost of seed 81.85 

One day book and ledger .90 

Cash paid to boys for labor during vacation 66.17 

$ 340.08 

Vegetables sold for cash $ 188.85 

Vegetables exchanged for labor 18.90 

Charges on books for vegetables sold 15.72 

Vegetables turned back to the soil for manure as cover crop 36.45 

Charity 27.90 

Vegetables lost by cold weather, early fall and spring: 

8 bu. string beans at $3 per bu 24.00 

500 collards at 8c per head 40.00 

8 bu. of green tomatoes at $1 per bu 8.00 

10 bu. spinach at $1.20 12.00 

200 heads of lettuce at 10c per head 20.00 

200 stalks of celery at 15c per stalk 30.00 

1,000 cabbage plants set in patch and growing 10.50 

Money value of vegetables grown I 432.32 

It does seem a great pitv that we had to suffer such loss 
in doUars and cents caused hj the cold weather last fall and 
spring; but not only did the school garden feel the effect of 
the undermining visitor that came by night, but the result of 
the visitor's call was felt throughout the South. 

The garden is in a much better condition now, and I am 
very sure that it will show a profit at the end of this year. 

In closing I wish to thank Superintendent Harper and the 
Board for their cooperation and help. I wish to also thank 
the principals and teachers for their interest and encourage- 
ment. Respectfully, 


Raleigh Teachers' Mutual Aid Society 

To Mr, F. M. Harper, 

Superintendent of Schools. 

Dear Sir : — I herewith submit my report of the Ealeigh 
Teachers' Mutual Aid Society. 


Balance on hand September 1, 1916 .$ 882.46 

Teachers' dues $ 456.01 

Proceeds Maud Powell Concert 141.50 

Proceeds May Festival 142.52 

Total contributed by teachers 740.03 

Interest to September 1, 1917 40.80 

Contributed by School Committee 619.46 

Total $2,282.75 

Paid out in sick benefits $ 82.50 

Teachers' notes 65.26 

Four $500 L. L. bonds 2,000.00 

Expenses of Society 20.63 

Balance on hand September 1, 1917 $ 114.36 

The Ealeigh Teachers' Mutual Aid Society Avas oijganized 
February, 1915. Since that time $153.50 has been paid in sick 
benefits to twenty-one teachers; the Society holds the notes of 
three teachers, these notes amounting to $65.26; and four $500 
Liberty Loan bonds hare been bought. 

The purposes of the Society are: 

1. To provide for teachers whose usefulness has been im- 
paired by age. 

2. To provide for teachers who are absent from school by 
reason of sickness. 

3. To give members bank connections by making small loans 
to teachers when they are in need of money. 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 55 

The members of this Society feel that it helps to develop a 
professional spirit by putting upon the members a feeling of 
responsibility for the entire teaching corps. 

The teachers are grateful to the Raleigh Township School 
Committee for their substantial assistance, and thanks are due 
Dr. R. H. Lewis and Mr. B. F. Montague for their advice as 
to the investment of funds. 

It will be a satisfaction to members to know that the Attorney- 
General of ISTorth Carolina has ruled that the funds of the 
Society are nontaxable. Respectfully, 

Maey a. Page, 
Secretary-Treasurer Raleigh Teachers' Mutual Aid Society. 

Organization and Government of Raleigh Township 
Graded Schools 



Couise of study. 

Opening of 


Opening hours. 

First bell. 

Plaxs a XL) Regulations. 

1. The scliool shall be divided into Primarv, Grammar, 
and High School Departments. 

2. The Primary Department shall consist of the First, 
Second, and Third Grades ; The Grammar Department of the 
Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Grades ; the High School 
Department of the Eighth, Kintli, Tenth, and Eleventh 

3. The conrse of study, text-books, books of reference, etc., 
are prescribed, and no text-book shall be used in the schools 
and none shall be used in any grade which has not been thus 

4. The yearly session shall begin regularly the second Mon- 
day in September, and shall continue one hundred and eighty 
days exclusive of holidays. 

5. The holidays shall be Thanksgiving and such other days 
as the school committee may order. 

C». The regular school hours shall be: From 9 a. m. to 
1 :30 p. m. for First and Second Grades ; from U a. m. to 2 
p. m, for Third and Fourth Grades ; from !) a. m. to 2 :oO 
p. m. for Grammar Grades ; and from a. m. to 3 p. m. for 
High School Grades. The hours for opening and closing may 
vary, at the option of the superintendent, the intervals re- 
maining tlie same. 

7. Thirty minutes previous to the beginning of each daily 
session of the school the signals shall be rung upon the school 
bells and the gates and doors of the schools opened. 

Regulatioxs foe Furxishixct Books axd Supplies. 

Entrance tickets. ]^_ Duriug the weck immediately preceding the beginning 

of each session the several principals of the Elementary and 

Baleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 57 

High School shall have on sale at their office admission tickets 
for the use of books. The prices for them shall be as follows : 

First Grade, per half year $1.00 

Second Grade, per half year 1.00 

Third Grade, per half year 1.00 

Fourth Grade, per half year._ 1.00 

Fifth Grade, per half year 2.00 

Sixth Grade, per half year 2.00 

Seventh Grade, per half year 2.00 

High School, per half year.- - 3.75 

2. 1^0 refund shall be made of the whole or any part of any Refund, 
sum that has ])een paid by patrons as book fees, nor as tuition, 
except by action of the chairman of the committee on supplies. 

3. For the use of school texts during vacation, or any part Rent of books. 
thereof, ten cents must be paid in advance for each book used. 

4. The Superintendent shall have charge of all school sup- ''uppiies. 
plies and apparatus, and see that they are properly distributed 

and economically used. 

Rec^ulatio^-s — Pupils. 

1. All boys and girls between the ages of six and twenty- ei^s^w^ p^^p''^- 
one years who, with their parents or legal guardians, reside 

in Raleigh Township and are entitled under the rules of the 
school committee to a participation in the benefits of the pub- 
lic schools, shall be admitted into the schools for which they 
are respectively qualified, by obtaining a certificate from the 

2. Xo child residing in a household in which has occurred ^^f^l^^^""^ 
any case of scarlet fever, diphtheria, measles, whooping-cough, 

or smallpox, or any other contagious disease, shall attend the 
a-raded schools within two weeks after the recovery, death, or 
removal of such sick j)erson, and any pupil coming from such 
household shall be required to present to the principal of the 
school such pupil attends a certificate from the parent or head 


Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

Time of entrance. 

Book must be 


Temporary with- 
diawal of pupils. 

Failure in studies 

Regularity in 

of houseliold of which such pupil is a member, or from the 
attending ph^'sician, of the facts necessary to entitle such 
pupil to admission in accordance with the above regulations : 
Pi'ovided, that upon the written certificate of the attending 
physician that such precautions have been observed as to 
remove all danger of infection or contagion, such pupil may 
attend within two weeks after the death, recovery, or removal 
of such sick person. Any violation of this law will subject 
the offender to suspension from the school's. 

3. Primary pupils beginning school shall enter only during 
the first two weeks of each school year. 

■f. Pupils sliall not be allowed to retain their connection 
with any of the ])ublic schools unless they be regularly fur- 
ni.slied by parents or guardians, or otherwise, within one week 
of the time they may be required, with books and other con- 
veniences necessary for the prosecution of their studies. 

5. The pupils in the Grammar and High School depart- 
ments shall be sul)ject to two examinations in writing each 
session as the su})erintendent may direct, and oftener if he 
shall deem such examination necessary. Pupils who purposely 
absent themselves from any school examination or public ex- 
ercise of the schools may be suspended, and shall not be 
allowed to return except at the discretion of the committee. 

0. In case of the temporary withdrawal of a pupil, such 
pupil, u])on return, shall be examined by the Superintendent, 
and if found deficient shall be reduced in grade. 

7. Pu]ti]s who fail for two successive months to earn a 
scholarship average of 50 ])er cent shall be reduced in grade. 

8. Pegular and punctual attendance is enjoined upon all 
pupils. Any ])npil who is absent or tardy four times in four 
successive weeks, except for a valid excuse, rendered in writ- 
ing by the parents or guardian, shall forfeit his seat, on the 
order of the Superintendent, Ijut may be readmitted by order 
of the School Committee or Superintendent. 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 59 

9. Excuses for absence or tardiness, and requests for dis- Excuses for ab- 

sences or tardiness . 

missal before the close of the school, must be made in writing 
or in person by parent or guardian. Such notes, to be ac- 
cepted by teachers, should state the cause of absence or reason 
for same. 

10. 'No pupil who has been absent or who appears after the Absent or tardy 
opening of the school shall be admitted without a satisfactory 

excuse from parent or guardian for such absence or tardiness, 
or without proper discipline for the remissness. 

11. Whenever the example of any pupil shall become in- incorrigible 
jurious to the school, through indolence, neglect of rules, or 

any other cause, and reformation shall appear hopeless, the 
parent or guardian shall be requested to withdraw such pupil 
from the school. Should the parent or gaiardian fail to com- 
ply with the request, the pupil may be suspended. 

12. Falsehood, profane and indecent language, and the use Falsehood, 
of tobacco within the school inclosure or on the way to or 

from school are positively prohibited. Cleanliness of person 
and clothing is required. 

13. Pupils must walk quietly through rooms and hallways ; Damage to school 

IT-' 1 T -xi J. property. 

must not go into rooms belonging to other grades without per- 
mission of teacher ; must not throw stones or missiles of any 
kind upon the school grounds or immediate streets ; must not 
collect within the immediate vicinity of the schools before the 
ringing of the school bell ; must pay in full, within two weeks, 
under penalty of suspension, for all damage to school prop- 
erty; must be responsible for the cleanliness of their desks 
and books and of the floor in their immediate vicinity. 

11. Any pupil who shall leave the school at any time before pupiis leaving 
the regular hour for dismissal, or without the consent of the out permission. 
teacher, shall not be permitted to reenter the class until an 
excuse or apology satisfactory to the principal has been ren- 

15. Pupils shall comply with all rules and regulations for punishment of 
the government of the school to which they may be assigned. 


Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 


Complaints of 

Tuition charges. 

Teachers' respon- 
.sibility for tuition 
of pay pupils. 

and suljinit to such penalties and puiiisbment as may be pre- 
scribed for bad conduct. Should parents or guardians object 
to the infliction of corporal punishment upon their children 
or wards, such objection must be made known in advance to 
the su}>crintendent in writing, and upon the infraction of 
rules bv such pupils they may be suspended by the Superin- 

16. All suspensions shall be reported by the Superintendent 
to the School Committee at the next regular meeting after 
such suspensions, with all attendant circumstances, expulsion 
being discretionary with the committee. 

17. Pupils or parents having cause for complaint will seek 
redress hrst before the principal of the building, and if not 
satisfied, the case shall be immediately referred to the Super- 
intendent subject to appeal to the School Committee. 

18. Children whose parents or legal guardians do not re- 
side in the township, and children who do not reside in the 
township even though tlieir legal guardians reside in the 
township, or pupils over twenty-one years of age, may be 
admitted to the schools on payment of tuition monthly in 
advance, provided there is room, so that they do not prevent 
the admission of resident pupils. The rate of tuition shall be 
as follows : In Primary Department, per month, $2 ; in 
Grammar School Department, per month, $3 ; High School 
Department, per month, $4. 

1!». Should any teacher, without the order or direction of 
the Superintendent, admit and teach any pupil not entitled 
to free tuition, said teacher shall be responsible for the tuition 
of such i)upil for the term the pupil remains in school. It 
shall be the duty of all teachers to report to the Superinten- 
dent the names of all pupils who are not entitled to free 

The Superintendent shall give the names of such pupils to 
the Secretary, together with tuition collected. 

Raleigh Toivnship Graded Schools, 1916-1017. 61 

20. Xo flowers or other articles shall be presented publicly Flowers. 
to any pupil at graduation exercises or other public cere- 

21. Any pupil who shall be guilty of cheating, or attempt- bleating, 
ing to cheat in examination, shall be suspended from school, 

and shall not be allowed to reenter without permission from 
the Superintendent. Upon his reentrance ho shall stand an 

22. Pupils may w^rite their names once in each book rented ^'"''' °f P™P"*y- 
from the schools, but they shall be required to pay for other 

marks, defacements, or unnecessary injury, 

Rec4Ulatio^"s — Teachees. 

1. The examination of teachers shall take place annually Teachers' exami- 

-■- '' nations. 

at such time or times as the committee shall determine. 

2. 'No teacher shall be permanently employed without un- fj'^puhfo*-"^ 
dergoing an examination satisfactory to the committee, under 
regulations hereinafter to be prescribed. 

3. Teachers shall hold their places at the pleasure of the iTbeny to re*i^n 
committee, and shall not be at liberty to resign V\^ithout giving 

one month's notice of such intention to the committee, or else 
forfeit one month's salary. 

•1. Teachers are required to be in their respective rooms Teachers tardy. 
thirty minutes before the beginning of the daily session. If 
tardy, they shall report the fact to the superintendent, with 
a reason therefor ; and in case of unsatisfactory excuse, shall 
be reported at the next meeting of tlie committee. 

5. In case of absence, from sickness or other cause, they Teachers absent. 
shall send timely notice thereof to the principal, who, with 

the Superintendent, shall provide a substitute from the list 
elected by the committee. When a teacher is absent, there 
shall be deducted one-twentieth of his or her monthly salary 
for each day's absence. 

6. Teachers shall attend all meetings to which they are Teachers' meeting. 
called, and all special classes organized for their instruction 

62 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

by the Superintendent or the committee ; and in case of fail- 
ure to be present at the beginning of the meeting, shall be so 
• ' reported at the next meeting of the committee, unless an 

excuse satisfactory to the Superintendent is tendered. 

Teachers- register. 7, Everv tcachcr sliall kccp iu a register furnished for the 
purpose a correct account of the name, age, attendance, de- 
portment, and scholarship of each pupil, as well as the name 
and street address or postoliice address of the parent or guar- 
dian of such pupil, and shall send a report of the attendance, 
deportment, and scholarship to the parent or giiardian on the 
Wednesday following the close of every school month, such 
report to be signed by parent or guardian and returned to the 
teacher on the following day. Teachers shall make their 
jjrincipal such monthly reports of their rooms as may be re- 
quired by the Superintendent. 

Daily procrram. g. xlt the beginning of the fall term each teacher shall i)re- 

pare a written program for daily exercises and recitations, to 
be deposited by the principal with the Superintendent, and 
strictly adhered to by the teacher when a^Dproved by the 

Teachers to CO- !). Tcacliers will obcv tlic iustructious of the Supcrintend- 

operate. ' '■ 

ent and of their principals, and devote their time during 
school hours to their respective classes. 
Duties of 10. Thev shall cooperate with the principals and Superin- 

tcachers. . ' . . . , 

tendent in maintaining order on the part of the })U})ils in 
halls, stairways, |)laygrounds, and en route to and from 
Duties of 11. Thev shall attend to the i)hvsical condition and com- 

piincipals. ' ^ 

fort of the |)upils under their charge, making the ventilation 
and temperature of the schoolroom an especial object of atten- 
tion, taking care that the temperature fall not below 60 nor 
above 70 degrees Fahrenheit while the furnaces are in opera- 
tion during school hours. 
Outside interest ^2. Tlicv shall uot abscut themselvcs from school without 

01 teachers. 

permission from the Superintendent, except in case of sick- 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 63 

ness, and the committee will not permit any outside interests 
on the part of the teachers to interfere with their regular 
school work. 

13. They shall be responsible for the discipline and o'ov- ^?ode of dis- 

•■■ i o ciphne. 

ernment of their rooms, ruling as would a kind and judicious 
parent, always firm and vigilant, but prudent. They shall 
endeavor on all proper occasions to inculcate in their pupils 
truthfulness, self-control, temperance, frugality, industry, 
obedience to authority, reverence for the aged, forbearance 
to all, kindness to animals, desire for knowledge, and obedi- 
ence to the laws of God ; but no teacher shall promulgate parti- 
san or sectarian views in the schools under any circumstances. 

14. Should kind and persuasive measures fail with pupils, Principals to de- 

^ -*- oide form of pun- 

they shall be reported to the principal, who may inflict or ishment. 
cause to be inflicted such punishment, in private — corporal or 
otherwise — as the case demands. Whenever corporal punish- 
ment shall be inflicted upon any pupil in the schools, the name 
of the pupil, grade, age, and cause of punishment shall be 
recorded and reported by the principal to the Superintendent, 
subject to the inspection of the committee. 

15. Whenever impils are suspended or excluded from the Suspended pupils 

^ ^ ■•- readmitted. 

schools, and tlie Superintendent or the committee and Super- 
intendent readmit them upon terms and they decline to return 
to the school upon the terms imposed, it shall be the duty of 
the principal of the school to report such pupils to the Super- 
intendent, to be at once reported by him to the committee. 

16. They shall be held responsible for the neatness of their Neatness of rooms 
respective rooms, furniture, and pupils, enjoining upon pu- 
pils cleanliness of person and dress, and the abstinence from 

the use of tobacco upon the premises. 

17. They shall take immediate steps to ascertain the cause Absent pupils, 
of all absences. 

18. They shall have jurisdiction over the pupils other than Jmisdiction over 

'' . , other grades. 

their own when the immediate teacher of such pupils is not 


Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

Written com- 

Read rules. 

Special branches 

Aid special 

Responsibility of 

Monthly reports. 

Duties of 

19. Teachers will not be allowed to make anv reply to writ- 
ten complaints addressed to them by parents or guardians 
relative to pupils. All such communications must be referred 
to the principal, to be referred to the Superintendent if 
deemed necessary. 

20. No teacher shall be employed in the schools who is. 
suffering from tuberculosis or any contagious or infectious 

21. At least once each term each teacher shall read to her 
pupils such parts of these rules as relate to the duties of 

22. It shall be the duty of the regular teachers to make 
themselves proficient, practically as well as theoretically, in 
such special branches as are taught in the schools. 

23. Eegular teachers shall in no case bo absent from the 
room nor engage in other work during the recitations con- 
ducted by the special teachers, l)ut shall preserve order, main- 
tain discipline, and aid such special teachers as far as possible. 


1. Principals shall be responsible for the oliservance and 
enforcement of the rules of the schools under their charge, 
and in discharge of their duty shall be entitled to the respect, 
deference, and cooperation of the teachers associated with 

2. They shall make monthly reports of their work to the 
Superintendent in such form as he may direct. 

3. They shall have general supervision of the grounds, 
buildings, furniture, and appurtenances of the schools, and see 
that they are kept in a neat, tidy, and presentable condition, 
and that minor repairs are done by the janitor. They shall 
see that good order is maintained upon the school premises, in 
the neighborhood thereof, and that the strictest cleanliness is 
maintained in the school buildings and premises belonging 
thereto. They shall promptly report to the Superintendent 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 65 

any repairs that may be required, and negligence of the jani- 
tors. They shall make requisition upon the Superintendent 
for all supplies of books, stationery, and other articles re- 
quired for the use of the schools. 

4. They shall devote as much time dailv to actual teaching Hours of teaching 
as the Superintendent may direct, and shall give the rest of 

their time to visiting the different classrooms of their respect- 
ive buildings, rendering assistance where most needed, in 
order that they may bring their schools up to the highest 
degree of efficiency. 

5. They shall submit to the Superintendent a monthly re- Further duties. 
port, in writing, as to the character of the discipline main- 
tained in each classroom, and the efficiency of the teachers 

in their schools, which reports must be submitted to the board 

6. They shall procure for the Superintendent a list of all List of pay pupils 
nonresident pupils, with amounts due by each. 

7. As teachers, they shall be subject to the regulations 
hereinbefore mentioned, and to such regulations as refer to 

8. The principals of the High School, Lewis, Wiley. Fire drills. 
Murphey, Thompson, AYashington, Crosby, and Garfield 
schools shall practice a system of fire alarm signals, by which 

the school can be promptly and properly dismissed at other 
than the regular hours for the recess and for closing. To test 
the efficiency of this system, the Superintendent shall, at least 
once in every three months, in each of the above named 
schools, give the signal without the knowledge of the princi- 
pals or any person connected with the school. 

9. All supplies belonging to the public school shall be Requisition for 

^ ^ . , supplies. 

stored at the High School building. The principal of each 
school shall, on the first of each month, send to the Superin- 
tendent a requisition for his supplies for the month, and no 
other supplies shall be issued except in extreme cases. 


Scope of his work. 

Grading of pupils. 

Number of pupils 
to one teacher. 


with teacheis. 

Teachers' meet- 

66 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

Eegulatioxs — SuPEKi]srTEisrDE:srT. , 

1. He shall devote himself to the study of the system under 
his charge, and shall keep himself acquainted with the prog- 
ress of instruction and discipline in other places, that he may 
suggest appropriate means for the advancement of the public 
schools in the city. 

2. He shall have general supervision of all the public 
schools of the township and be especially charged with the 
enforcement of the rules of the board. 

3. He shall during the last month of each spring term, 
examine, in connection with the teachers, the various grades, 
and j^romote all qualified to higher grades, according to the 
standard of qualification fixed by the School Committee. 

4. He shall give prompt attention to every instance of mis- 
conduct duly reported to him by the principals ; and if, after 
examination, it cannot be otherwise redressed, he shall report 
the same to the Committee on Grievances. 

5. He shall examine each child who applies for admission 
as a pupil, and assign such pupil to the proper grade and 
building: Provided^ that not more than forty pupils shall be 
assigned to any one teacher, so far as this may be practicable. 

6. He shall spend a portion of each school day in the public 
scliools of the city and observe the mode of instruction and 
disci})]ine adopted and the success or failure of the same. 

7. He shall have the power to suspend teachers and pupils 
for the neglect of duty or violation of prescribed rules. In 
each instance of the exercise of such discipline he shall make 
a written report of the same, with full particulars, to the 
School Committee for decision. 

8. He shall transmit all special orders to teachers and jani- 
tors through the respective principals of buildings. 

0. He may, at his discretion, for the purposes involving the 
interest of the school, call meetings of the teachers, whose 
duty it shall be to attend. 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 67 

10. He shall keep au accurate register of all pupils in the school board, 
several schools, containing a record of the same, residence, 

age, sex, and date of admission of each child, all cases of with- 
drawal, suspension, or dismission, and the cause thereof. 

11. At the close of each school year he shall submit to the Annual report. 
committee a written report of the work of the schools, together 

with such suggestions and other information as he may deem 
worthy of notice, to be published with the annual report of the 

12. Actino- under the Committee on Buildings and Sup- Custodian of 

~ ox buildings and 

plies, the Superintendent of schools shall be custodian of grounds. 
buildings and grounds, and it shall be his duty to inspect 
weekly, or oftener, the buildings, yards, and fences. He 
shall make, when requested, a written report to the chairman 
of buildings and supplies of the condition of said buildings 
and yards and fences. He shall have the power to exclude 
from buildings and grounds any person or persons whose con- 
duct is such as to merit exclusion. 

13. He shall attend all meetino-s of the School Committee. Attendance on 

■- meetings of the 


Duties of Medical Ixspector. 

1. General Duties. — The Medical Inspector of Public 
Schools shall have general supervision of all matters affecting 
the physical welfare of pupils and teachers. 

2. Ventilation. — He shall see that all rooms in the schools 
are properly ventilated, lighted, and heated. 

3. Inspection of Toilets,, etc. — He will at regular intervals 
inspect all toilets and lavatories in the schools, and see that 
they are kept in a sanitary condition. If any unsanitary 
condition or any negligence of janitor is found to exist in any 
school, a report shall be made in writing to the Superintend- 
ent, He will also inspect school yards or premises at regular 

4. He shall make a weekly report to the Superintendent, 
stating number of schools visited, number of pupils exam- 

68 Raleigli Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

ined, niunber found defective, and nature of defects, number 
of defects corrected or treated, number of defects neither cor- 
rected nor treated, number and names of children exchided 
and cause of exchision, and shall nuike such other reports or 
recommendations as he may deem necessary. He shall also 
report to the Superintendent any acts, practices, or conditions 
in the schools which he deems prejudicial to the physical wel- 
fare of the })upils or teachers, and shall make such other 
re])orts as the Superintendent may request. 

5. Time. — Beginning at U o'clock each day, his time shall 
be divided among the schools as he may deem best; subject, 
however to the direction of the Superintendent. He shall 
be at all times during the school term subject to call on mat- 
ters pertaining to his department of school work. 

6. He shall vaccinate for smallpox all children in the pub- 
lic schools free of charge when such seems to him necessary. 
Parents who prefer that this be done by their family ])liysi- 
cian will have their ]>reference respected. 

7. Aiiinidl L'cporl. — He shall make to the Superintendent 
an annual written re})ort, embodying in a general way what 
he has done during the year, and making such recommenda- 
tions as may seem to him necessary. 

Rules fou the Gk-adixg axd Pkomotiox ov Pupils. 

wiittcn cxamina- 1. Tlicrc sluill 1)0 iu tlio Orammar and High Schools a writ- 
ten examination at the end of each term, and of such length 
and character as the Superintendent may determine. 

How conducted. ''■^- Tlu> writtcu cxaniinatious shall be conducted by the 

teachers in charge of the classes. The value of each answer 
shall be marked opposite in the margin and the percentage 
value of each child's ])ai)er written in ink at the top of the 
first page. The ])aper shall be ke])t on tile iu the oifice of each 
princi])al for one month after each examination. 

Deficient pupils. '^- Teachers shall inform jiarents. in writing, of the failure 

of the children properly to sustain themselves in their studies. 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 69 

Any pupil that shall have a general scholarship average of 
less than 50 per cent at the Christmas examinations shall he 
reduced in grade. 

4. In order to secure a promotion, a scholarship average of standard for pro- 

-*- ' . X o motion. 

at least 70 per cent in each study must be attained by the 
pupils. In mathematics GO per cent is required for pro- 

5. All pupils who shall for the vear receive as high a gTade Pupils exempt 

*" _ ^ from final exami- 

as 90 shall be promoted at the end of the scholastic year, nation. 
without undergoing a final examination. 

6. When pupils fail of promotion in the final vearlv aver- Conditioned 

. . . ' ' pupils. 

age of scholarship in not more than two studies, they luay be 
given an opportunity to undergo a reexamination in such 
studies on Monday and Tuesday, the opening days of the 
schools, and if the requisite per cent shall be attained they 
may be passed to a higher grade. 

7. The regular promotion of pupils shall be made at the Pupiis promoted. 
end of the school term ; but, at the discretion of the Superin- 
tendent and upon the recommendation of the teacher and the 
principal, promotions may be made during the year. 

General Eegulatioxs. 

1. It shall be the duty of the president or any person pre- president to sub- 

.-.. iM T • 1 1 scribe to minutes. 

sidmg m his stead to subscribe to the minutes at the succeed- 
ing meeting, and to have the same attested by the Secretary, 
after they shall have been read and approved. 

2. Unless by special permission, the school buildings shall i^'^e of buildings. 
be used for no purpose except that to w^hich they have been 


3. There shall be a Xormal Class organized by the Super- Normal class. 
intendent for the instruction of the teachers of the public 

schools and of such other persons in the city and county as 
may desire to prepare themselves for teaching. 


Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

Time of teachers' 


List of applicants 
to be submitted to 

Elicrible appli- 

Special examina- 

Eligible teachers. 

kules foe the examination^ of applicants and 

1, There .shall be held on the first and second Saturdays in 
June an annual written examination to test the qualification 
of apj)licants for positions in the Raleigh Township schools. 
Papers shall be marked on a scale of 50, and each question 
shall have a value, to be fixed before the examination is held, 
by which as standard of perfection the paper shall be valued. 

2. In addition to the scholarship average, the Superintend- 
ent's estimate, based on personal bearing, professional prepa- 
ration, experience, health, etc., shall be made on a scale of 50. 

5. At the regular meeting of the board next after the exam- 
inations the Superintendent shall report a list of applicants in 
the several departments, with the average of each. 

4. An ap])licant making not less than 50 per cent in any 
study and a general average of not less than 70 in such report, 
and no other applicant, shall be eligible to election. 

5. Examinations at any other than the regular time in May 
shall be conducted in strict conformity to these rules. 

6. Any teacher attaining an average of 70 per cent in the 
annual examination, and not less than 50 per cent in any one 
subject, shall be eligible for reelection. 

7. All rules and regulations in conflict with the foregoing 
are hereby repealed. 

Course of Study in the Raleigh Township Graded 
Schools for 1917-1918 


Beading. — The Gordon Reader, First Book; Gordon Reader, 
Second Book; Progressive Road to Reading. First 

Language. — Stories told orally by the teacher and reproduced 
orally to class by pupils. 

SpeUing. — Xew World Speller, Grades 1 and 2. 

Arithmetic. — As outlined by superintendent. 

Writing. — Primary Writing Lessons. (Palmer.) 

Handivork. — Mat weaving, sewing, cardboard construction. 


Reading.— YreQ and TreadwelFs Primer ; Hiawatha Primer ; 
Overall Boys; Merrill Reader, Second Book. 

Spelling. — New World Speller, Grades 1 and 2. 

Arithmetic. — As outlined by Superintendent. 

Writing. — Primary Writing Lessons. (Palmer.) 

Language. — Stories told orally by the teacher and same re- 
produced by pupils before the class. 


Reading. — Merrill Reader, Second Book; Progressive Road 
to Reading, Book Two ; Graded Classics, Second Reader ; 
Robinson Crusoe. 

Spelling. — New World Speller, Grades 1 and 2. 

Arithmetic. — As outlined by Superintendent. 

Writing. — Primary Writing Lessons. (Palmer.) 

Language. — Oral presentation of Robinson Crusoe by the 
teacher, and same reproduced by the children. Practice 
in letter writing. Short, simple sentence drills. 

72 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 


Beading, — Old Greek Stories; Story of Ulysses; Pinnochio. 

Ilisforif. — ]\raee's History Eeader, Book I. 

Arilhmetic. — Milne's Progressive, First Book to page 189. 

Writing. — Advanced Writing ]\Ianual. (Palmer.) 

Spelling. — ]^e\v World Speller, Grades 3, 4, and 5. 

Language. — Language Tlirongii Xature, Literature and Art. 
Letter writing continued. Oral work in literature. Sto- 
ries from the Wonder Book, Tanglewood Tales, and 
Eobinson Crusoe. 


Beading. — The Adventures of Robin Hood ; Heidi. 
Arithmetic. — Milne's Progressive, First Book from page 189 

to end of book. 
History. — ]\race's History Eeader, Book II. 
Geography. — Tarr and :\rc]\rurry. First Book to page 104. 
Spelling. — Xew World Speller, Grades 3, 4, and 5. 
Hygiene. — Good Health; Alternate with reading. 
Language. — Bobbins and Eowe, First Book. 
Writing. — Advanced Writing ^Manual. (Palmer.) 


Beading. — Ways of Woodfolk ; Hiawatha. 

Hygiene. — Emergencies: Alternate with reading. 

Arithmetic. — ]\Iilne's Progressive, Second Book from begin- 
ning to page 161. 

History.— IsUxces History Reader, Book III; Makers of 
JS^'orth Carolina History. 

Spelling. — Xew World Speller, Grades 3, 4, and 5. 

English. — Bobbins, First Book. 

Writing. — Palmer Writing ]\raniial, practiced daily. 

Geography. — First Book from page 163 to end of book. 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 73 


Beading. — Story of the Greeks, The Great Stone Face ; 

Courtship of Miles Standish. 
Hygiene. — Tlie Body and its Defenses. 
Arithmetic. — Mihie's Progressive, Book II from page 161 to 

end of book. 
English. — Bobbins and Bowe, Second Book. 
Geography. — Xew Geographies, Second Book from beginning 

to page 161. 
History. — Our Bepublic : The colonization period. 
Spelling. — Xew World Speller, Grades 6, 7, and 8. 
Writing. — Palmer Writing Manual, daily. 


Beading. — Irving's Sketch Book; Evangeline. 
Hygiene. — Bitchie's Primer of Sanitation. 
Grammar. — Bobbins and Bowe. Second Book completed. 
Spelling. — Xew World Speller, Grades 6, 7, and 8. 
Arithmetic. — Milne's Progressive, Book II completed. 
Writing. — Palmer Writing Manual. 
History. — Our Bepublic : The Bevolutionary period. 
Geography. — Xew Geographies, Second Book from page 161 
to end of book. 

Drawing, Vocal Music, and Physical Training in all the 
grades under special teachers. 


Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 




12 3 4 

12 3 4 

12 3 4 

Ctt 1- u fComp.-Rhet. 2 










■ English 

1 Classics 3 


fComp.-Lit. 2 





1 Classics 3 

|.\dv. Gram, and ComD. 2 





[ ng is u "i^jj-gj ,,f Lit. and Classics 3 













.Alg. and Plane Geom. 

CS \ 

Plane and Sol. Geom. 
Commercial .\rith 













("First Year... 


Latin < 

"^aesar and Gram. 


Cicero, Gram, and Comn. 



Vergil, Gram, and Comp.- 
















f Physical Culture )_ • , f 
Domestic Science j 1 


f Business Methods 


, Bookkeeping 











One to b 

History ^ 
Science < 

nvE Groups— 
e taken from each. 


Mediaeval and Modern... 
English .. 



VI. ■ 



First Year 1 p . ( 
Biology J ^^ \ 









5 ! 




2 1 












Mod. Lang 

fGerinan . 


lages < French . 

























2 - 



















f^'^^y )vi / 

Science J "' \ 


French . _ 

Spanish ... 








Number recitations per week 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 75 

After advice and direction from parents and teacliers, 
pupils may select any one of the three courses given. Wlien 
a course is once chosen, it cannot be changed without reasons 
satisfactory to the Principal or Superintendent, Pupils who 
select Course A must continue in this course at least two 
years. Peank: M. Haepee., 



FiKST Yeak. 

History. — Myers' Ancient History. 

English. — Briggs & McKinney's First Book in Composition ; 
Twice Told Tales; Cliristmas Carol; Lays of Ancient 
Eonie ; Cricket on the Hearth ; King of the Golden 
liiver ; ]\rarinion. 

Algebra. — Milne's High School Algebra. 

Latin. — Pearson's Essentials of Latin. 

German. — Spanhoofd's Elenientarhnch der Dentschen 
Sprache; Foster's Geschicliten and ]\Lirchen ; Miirchen 
und Erzahlnngen, Part I. 

Science. — Snyder's First-year Science. 

Domestic Science. — Kinne ^: Cooley's Foods and Llousehold 

Commercial Text. — A First Book in Business Methods. 

Sjiclling. — Xew World Speller, Grades 0, 7, S. 

Dictionary. — Webster's Elementary School Dictionary. 

Spanish. — Espinosa and Allen's Spanish Grammar; Harri- 
son's Elementary Header ; Poessler's Elementary 

Secoxd A'eae. 

Ilistory. — ^Myer's ]\rcdia'val and ]\Iodern. 

Latin. — Ctesar, Fonr Books; Bennett's Latin Grammar. 

?Jat]ienialies. — Milne's High School Algebra. 

Englisli. — Briggs it ]\rcKinney's First Book in Composition, 
completed ; ]\rosses from an Old Manse ; ^Merchant of 
Venice; The Vicar of Wakelield ; The Ancient Mariner 
and Vision of Sir Lannf al ; Silas Marner ; Selections 
from Poe; Franklin's Antobiography. 

Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 77 

French. — Eraser and Squair's Shorter French Course; Guer- 

ber's Coiites et Legendes, Part I. 
German. — Spauhoofd's Elementarbuch der Deutschen 

Sprache, completed; Miircheii mid Erziihlimgen, Part I, 

completed; Miircheu imd Erzahlungen, Part II. 
Spanish. — Espinosa and Allen's Spanish Grammar. 
Science. — Bergen's Elements of Botany; Burnet's School 

Domestic Science. — Conn's Bacteria, Yeasts, and Molds 

( Revised ). 
Bool'keeping. — Cleary's Bookkeeping, Part I. 
Dictionarij. — Webster's Elementary School Dictionary. 

Thikd Year. 

History. — Andrew's High School History of England. 

Latin. — Cicero's Orations ; Bennett's Latin Grammar ; Ben- 
nett's Latin Composition. 

English. — Webster's Composition-Literature; Julius Cajsar; 
Macbeth ; Sohrab and Rustrum ; Gareth and Lynette ; 
Macaulay's Life of Johnson and Warren Hastings ; 
Washington's Farewell Address and Webster's First 
Bunker Hill Oration; Tennyson's Idylls of the King. 

French. — Eraser and Squair's Shorter French Course; 
Contes et Legendes, Part I ; Fontaine's En France ; 
Mon Oncle et Mon Cure; Mairet's L'Enfant de la Lune; 
Mairet's La Taclie du Petit Pierre. 

(Terman. — Bacon's Im Vaterland; Immensee. 

Mathematics. — Wentworth and Smith's Plane Geometry. 

Science. — First Principles of Chemistry (Brownlee and 

Shorthand Text. — Practical Course in Graham Shorthand. 

Typeivriting. — Pitman's Touch System. 

Dictionary. — Webster's Elementary School Dictionary. 

78 Raleigh Township Graded Schools, 1916-1917. 

FoTJKTH Yeak. 

History. — Adams and Trent's United States History. 

Mathematics. — Wentworth and Smith's Plane and Solid Ge- 

Latin. — Bennett's Vergil; Bennett's Latin Grammar; Ben- 
nett's Latin Composition. 

English. — Kittredge and Farley's Advanced English Gram- 
mar; Long's English Literature; Burke's Speech on 
Conciliation ; Hamlet ; Emerson's Selected Essays ; Pal- 
grave's Golden Treasury ; Carlyle's Essay on Burns ; 
DeQuincey's Joan of Arc ; As You Like It ; Sir Roger 
DeCoverly Papers; Woodstock or Adam Bede; Passing 
of Arthur; Eve of St. Agnes; Milton's Minor Poems. 

French. — Eraser and Squair's Shorter French Course; La 
Petite Princesse ; Bouvet's French S}Titax and Compo- 
sition ; L'Abhe Constantin ; Le Bourgeois Gentilliomme. 

Science. — Millikan and Gales' First Course in Physics (Re- 

Sliorthand Text. — Practical Course in Graham Shorthand; 
Eldridge's Shorthand Dictation Exercises. 

Tjipe writing. — Pitman's Touch System. 

Commercial Text. — Moore's oSTew Commercial Arithmetic. 

Dictionary. — "Webster's Elementary School Dictionary. 

Teachers' Meetings, 1917-1918 

1. EegTilar montlily meeting of all teachers and principals 
Saturday morning after the close of each school month. 
White teachers meet at 10 o'clock at High School. Colored 
teachers meet at 11 :30 at Centennial School. 


GC 379.756551 R163r 


Raleigh (N.C.). School Committee. 
Annual report of the Raleigh township gr 

3 3091 00568 0798 


; ■ Syrocuse, N. Y. 

I Sfockton, Calif. 






Rale if h Township, V/ake Co., i^, G. 
School Committee 

rieport of the Raleigh Tovmship 
graded schools, Raleigh, North 




Raleigh Tovniship, Wake Co., N. C. 
School Coramittee 

Report of the Raleigh Tovmship graded 
schocls, Raleiph North Carolina 


t \