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SECOND ANNUAL REPORT
RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES
CITY OF CONCORD,
FOR THE FISCAL XEXR ENDING FEBRUARY FIRST,
TOGETHER WITH OTHER ANNUAL REPORTS AND PAPERS
RELATING TO THE AFFAIRS OF THE OfTY.
STATE CAPITAL REPORTER OFFICE — BARTON & HADLBY.
SECOND ANNUAL REPORT
RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES
CITY OF CONCORD
FOR THE FISCAL YEAK ENDING FEBRUARY FIRST,
TOGETHER WITH OTHER ANNUAL REPORTS AND PAPERS
RELATING TO THE AFFAIRS OF THE CITY.
CONCORD, N. H.:
STATE CAPITAL REPORTER OFFICE — BARTON & HADLEY.
In Board of Mayor and Aldermen, Febmanj 24, 1855.
Ordered — That the City Clerk procure one thousand copies to be
printed in pamphlet form.
DAVID WATSON, City Cleek.
In Co?nmon Council, February 24, 1855.
Order concurred in.
AMOS HADLEY, Clerk Common Council..
COMMITTEE ON FINANCE.
The Joint Standing Comnnittee on Finance., in conformity
with the requirements of the Ordinance prescribing their
duties, " estabUshing a system of accountability in the ex-
penditures of the city," submit to the City Council -their
Annual Report of the Receipts and Expenditures of the
Financial Year ending February 1st, 1855.
We have examined the Treasurer's account books, and
those of the City Cterk, and find that all payments therein
made arc duly authenticated with appropriate vouchers, and
that the several items, footings, and balances, are correctly-
cast and stated, and that the books of those officers have
been faithfully kept, and with a system that cannot fail to
give satisfaction to the tax payers of the city.
The Expenditures of the year have been as follows,
chargeable to their respective appropriations in the following
amounts, viz :
State Tax, 2,342 20
County Tax, 3,114 96
Schools, 5,430 28
School House Tax, 3,075 00
Teachers' Institute, , 150 00
Outstanding Town Debt, 398 43
Roads and Bridges, 2,689 90
Fire Department, 2,298 69
Police and Watch, 833 10
Printing and Stationery, 503 71
Incidental Expenses, 350 80
Interest Account, 740 50
City Paupers, 1,392 89
County Paupers, 457 30
Health Department, 12 00
Professional Services, 467 76
Abatement of Taxes, 79 35
Salary of City Officers, 2,055 00
City Farm, 475 47
Gravel Lot, 350 00
Streets and Common Sewers, 1,310 58
Reservoirs, * . . . . 236 44
The revenue of the year has been derived from the
following sources, viz :
Received from J. L. Cilley, Collector of Taxes
for 1854, 23,386 74
Received from State Treasurer, Literary Fund, 430 80
" " Town of Northwood, 1 14 86
" for Land sold Moses Humphrey, .... 20 00
" " Licenses, 49 75
" from Town Agency, 130 84
" for Dearborn House, sold, 100 00
" from Abr. Bean, outstanding Taxes,. 550 00
" for License, 5 75
'• from Co. Treasurer, for Co. Paupers,. 698 81
" for License, 2 00
" from State Treasurer, Railroad Tax,. 3,726 00
" " Town of Warner, 150 00
" for Premiums on Bonds already sold,. 213 83
" Dividend on Mcchanicks Bank Stock,. 56 00
" from Police Judge, for Fines, &c.,. .. 168 16
" from Town of Boscawen, for Paupers, 41 78
To which may be added the amount in the
Collector's hands, or uncollected of the Taxes
for the year 1854, 1,474 28
And to which may be added the amount due from
the Montreal Railroad for expenditures at the
crossing over Free Bridge Road, 700 00
The details of the expenditures will be found under the
several heads of appropriations appended.
Annexed are also schedules of the property at the City
Farm, a statement of the City debt, and debts due the City,
together with the valuation of real estate owned by the
City, present value of our Bridges, the property in the hands
of the Fire Department, and of the several Officers of the
It appears, upon a careful examination, that the expend-
itures of the City for the two years of its organization have
fallen considerably within its receipts, and, as compared with
the last two years of its Town organization, will present the
following results, viz :
1851, upon poll & estate, 184 per cent.; reduced value 92
1852, Town, " " 147 " " " " 73.5
1853, City, " " 122 " " " " 61
1854, City, " " 116 " " " " 58
JOSEPH LOW, ') ^
JOHN L. TALLANT, ( Co^nviittee
JOSEPH P. STICKNEY, f j.. ^^
HE MAN SANBORN, J finance.
CITY OF CONCeMB^
UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF THE MAYOR AND ALDERMEN
FOR THE YEAR ENDING FEBRUARY 1, 1S55.
Paid State Treasurer, 2,342 20
Paid County Treasurer, 8,1 14 96
Interest on City Bebt.
Paid Joseph B. Walker, interest on note to North
Congregational Society, 60 00
Paid Mary G. Stickney, interest on note to Fem.
Charitable Society, 60 00
Paid Mary G. Stickney, interest on note to Fem.
Paid Nathan Stickney, interest on note given up,
Joseph B. Walker, " " " ''
Mathew Harvey, " " " "
Abraham Bean, " " " "
M. S. Farnum, " " " "
Interest on Parsonage Fund,
W. Odlin, interest on School Order,
SclBooI HoMse Taxes.
Paid Ephraim C. Elliot, District No. 1, 150 00
" Joseph S. Lund, " " 9, 850 00
" David J. Abbott, " " 9, 75 00
" Eleazer Jackson, " " 10, 1,300 00
" Moody S. Farnum, " " 13, 100 00
" George G. Virgin, " " 14, 150 00
" FL H. Brown, « " 20,. ..... . 450 00
Paid G. S. Barnes,
Paid Albert H. Drown, for 13 days' services at
pest bouse, 26 00
Paid S. B. Hoyt, for services drawing wood, &c.,
at pest bouse, • • • •
Paid John Batchelder, for stores for sick,
" J. P. Saunders, for articles of clotbing, ....
" J. D. Watkins, for services at pest house, .
" J. S. Durgin, stores for Hezekiah Davis,. .
'' Amsden & Merriam, stove, &c.— pest house,
"' Jas. F. Sargent, services in small pox cases,
" Jere. M. Smith, rent & damage of furniture,
" John Morrill, for sen'ices in pest house,. . .
'• Jas. F. Sargent, services in small pox cases,
" A. H. Robinson, for aid,
''• Joseph Low, for supplies to several paupers,
" Elliot Braley, for service in small pox,. . . .
" John Carter, for support of sister,
" Thomas Keeley, for service in pest house,.
" Isaac A. Hill, for wood to paupers,
•'■ Thomas Chadbourne, professional service in
Paid Jas. F. Sargent, pi'of. service for N. Dunlap,
•' Jos. Brown, funeral expenses for N. Dunlap,
" Moses Carter, prof, service at pest house,. .
'' J. -S. Russ, for R. R. ticket for S. O. Dickey,
'•' John J. Morrill, clotbing lost, small pox cases,
" Moses H. Fifield, articles for pest house,. .
" M. Farnum, for aiding Rebecca Currier,. .
•' Frank Uoyt, for wood to Sarah Arlin,. . . .
" J. J. Wyman, for journeys to Fisherville,.
" Heman Sanborn, funeral service (small pox),
" John Boardman, for supplies to pest house,
" N. H. Asylum, board & clothing S.O.Dickey,
" Samuel Holt, watching in small pox cases,
" Rufus D. Scales, for articles for pest house,
" J. R. Vesper, services in small pox cases,.
" Henry D. White, for vaccination,
" J. S. Rollins, medicines for small pox patients,
" John Batchelder, for articles for pest house,
" N. G. Spiller, support of parents,
" Charles H. Clough, articles for Arlin family,
" Kimball & Hoit, for supplies to Abr. Gates,
Paid N. H. Asylum, for support of S. 0. Dickey,
" Town of North wood, aid to Catharine Davis,
" Bullock & Sargent, balance of account for
provisions for Mrs. Cilley,
Paid Moses Gill, on account of paupers at Farm,
" John M. Dearborn, supplies to Moses Sargent,
" Isaac Emerson, support of Rebecca Currier,
" J. L. Cilley, 3 journeys, &c., for paupers,.
" E. B. Tenney, for clothing to Joel Puffer,
" J. D. Watkins, rent for small pox patients,.
" W. H. Hosmer, vaccination of 12 persons,
" N. G. Spiller, for support of parents,
" John M. Dearborn, supplies to Wilson family,
" Asa A. Blanchard, for wood at pest house,
" Moses T. Clough, for freight of Mrs. Dow's
furniture from Nashua, 3 00
Paid James F, Sargent, journey to Warner after
pauper, 3 00
Paid Heman Sanborn, funeral expenses of Mrs.
Wilson, 5 50
Paid John Batchelder, for supplies to Eleazer
Paid John Whipple, rent of N. Dunlap,
" Benj. J. Prescott, for wood for pauper,. . . ,
" Jane Dimond, support of pauper, at Warner,
" John L. Tallant, paid for nursing child of
Wilson, ; . .
Paid James Hoit, journey to Warner after pauper,
" Lowell Eastman, for services at pest house,
" J. L. Cilley, journey to Northwood after
Paid Charles H. Clough, for articles for pest house,
" D. A. Hill, coffins for McCoy and Currier,.
" City of Nashua, for aid to Mrs. Dow,
" N. H. Asylum, support of Dow aud Lines,
" H. H. Amsden, for supplies to paupers,. . .
" John D. A. West, supplies to Mrs. Barnes,
" Sarah Kimball, support of Rebecca Currier,
" Joseph Brown, coffins and funeral expenses
of Mrs. Wilson and Dickey,
Paid H. H. & J. S. Brown, articles at pest house,
" J. D. Watkins, for digging graves,
" Geo. W. Wadleigh, for robe for Mrs. Davis,
Paid John A. Cobuni, for coffin for Mrs. Davis,.
" Levi W. Brown, for wood for D. Howe, . . . .
Paid Tim. Haynes, prof service for IVIrs. Drew,
" John C. Ordway, for wood for Mrs. Storin,
" Isaac A. Hill, wood for County paupers,. .
John A. Coburn, coffin and funeral expenses
Paid Charles H. Clough, articles for Co. paupers,
" Kirnball & Hoit, supplies for Co. paupers,.
" J. M. Jones, for wood for County pauper,.
" N. H. Asylum, support of Dennis Scannell,
" Kimball & Hoit, for supplies to McCarty,.
" N. H. Asylum, support of Dennis Scannell,
" True George, expenses of County pauper,
" Owen Garland, for aid to Mrs. Roberts,. . .
" Timothy Haynes, for professional service
in case of B. F. Brown, 5 00
Paid James F. Sargent, for professional services
for County paupers,
Paid S. C. Badger, rent for Mrs. Buckman,. . . .
" H. H. Goodrich, for services in case of B.
F. Brown, .
Paid N. H. Asylum, support of Dennis Scannell,
" E.G. Kilburn, board & nursing Mrs. Locke,
" A. G. Saltmarsh, for wood to Mrs. Dorety,
'• Charles H. Clough, supplies to B. F. Brown,
" Charles K. Fisk, for wood for Donahoe,. . .
" John Abbot, supplies for B. F. Brown and
Paid Seavey & Lang, for wood to Mrs. Scannell,
" G. Knowles, for digging grave,
J. D. A. West, for supplies to paupers,. . . .
" James Thompson, supplies to Richard Lee,
" N. H. Asylum, for support of D. Scannell,
" B. F. Dow, for wood to B. F. Brown,
" G. W. Leavitt, for wood for Robinson,. . . .
" Joseph Brown, for coffin, robe, and funeral
expenses of Joseph Master, 6 00
Paid Michael Kelby, board for pauper,
" James Hoit, wood for Mrs. Dorety ,
" C. T. Gage, prof, service for Mrs. Locke,.
" George W. Ela, for services in relation to
Paid Robert C. Osgood, for Donahoe and Darby,
IisiproveiEseat of City Faa-sai.
Paid Wm. Bedell, for wagon,
" George Hutchins & Co., for shingles,....
" Hiram Farnum, for building wall and fence,
" George D. Abbot, for materials and painting.
" R. L. Hall, repairs on building,
" Rixford & Bunker, for sash,
" Charles H. Clough, for lumber and nails,. .
" Emerson & Cutting, for lumber,
" Wm. H. Page, for room paper,
" Moore & Cilley, for sheet lead,.#
" George Hutchins & Co., lime and lumber,
" G. Sanders & Co., for stove and apparatus,
" John Abbot, building gate, repairing fence,
Outstanding Towbi I>el>4.
Paid M. C. M. F. I. Co., insuring Burgin house. 14 11
" Wm. P. & T. H. Ford, iron castings, I 20
" J. B. Walker, in aid of History of Concord,
as per vote, 300 00
Paid J. D. Norton, in aid of temperance, as per
vote of town, 75 00
Paid Jonathan P. Leavitt, plank for bridge, 1853, 8 12
Paid E. H. Parker, Health Officer, 6 00
" Timothy Haynes, Health officer, 6 00
Roads and Bridges.
Paid James Prescott & Co., 30 25
" Adna S. Fowler, for work on hill, near jail, 7 00
" E. S. Horner, for 1 day's work 1 50
" Clark & Nutting, stone work, 10 60
" Abel Baker, work done on Pleasant street, 3 75
" Barney Mahon, work done on Main street,. 7 50
" True George, work on hill near jail, 14 18
" J. D. Watkins, labor on road, and snowing
Fisherville Bridge, 8 75
Paid Concord R. R., graveUing road near South
Church, 18 50
Paid David Abbot, Jun., labor on highway and
Paid B. G. Davis, repair of highways,
" Heman Sanborn, snowing bridge to March
Paid Benj. Parker, for surveying road to Farnum's
Paid Luther M. Hoit, snowing Horse Hill bridge,
Abel B. Holt, si^^cial repairs on F. B. road,
David Abbot, 2d, rubble at S. Falls bridge,
Jeremiah P. Boyes, for land damage,
J. F. Potter, for repairs on highway,
James F. Lund, for planking materials,. . .
Reuben K. Abbot, work on new road near
Paid Samuel Hutchins, lumber, & labor on road
Paid L. P. Boyes, making road in District No. 1,
Paid Aaron Q. Farnum , putting up railing on bank,
" A. B. Holt, labor, and plank for bridges and
Paid Wm. T. Locke, work on road over D. Plain,
" John Langley, material &, work on Soucook
Paid Sam. L. Baker, work on Hopkinton new road,
" Atkinson Webster, for timber, and labor on
Paid Town of Pembroke, material and labor at
Paid Thomas D. Potter, work on highway,
" B. G. Davis, work on bridges near his house,
Paid John Ewer, lumber for Lovejoy's bridge,.
" Carlton Heath, plank for Turkey Pond bridge,
" Benjamin Hoit, cutting brush on Bog road,
" William Pecker, work at Federal bridge,. .
" Robert B. Hoit, snowing Horse Hill bridge,
and hauling plank,
Paid James Weeks, hauling stone for reservoirs
and culverts, and labor on road,
Paid Reuben Goodwin, work at S. F. Bridge hill,
" Samuel Flutchins, work at S. F. Bridge hill,
" Amos Sawyer, plank & work at R. R. bridge,
" A. H. Coleman, culvert and rubbling near
Paid M. B. Abbot, plank for bridge near his house,
" Hazen Abbot, lumber for water course, near
Paid Joseph S. Lund, plank at Soucook bridge^
'• Geo. G. Virgin, moving wall & breaking road,
" Stephen Brown, extra highway work, 1853,
" John Pettingill, highway work on Pleasant
Paid Augustine C. Carter, extra highway work in
Paid Isaac Eastman, putting up guide boards, &c.,
" Moses Shute, work on culvert.
" Daniel Farnum, for making new highway to
Paid George D. Abbot, for street signs,
" C. H. Sanborn, repair on Federal bridge,.
" Lowell Eastman, plank for bridges,
" Alex. Nichols, flagging stone for culverts,.
Paid Luther Roby & Son,
Oravel L.ot on Warren Street.
Paid Brown & Lund, ,
Streets asid Coibsmioii Sewers.
Paid H. M. Robinson, for making drain near
Paid James F. Lund, making sewer on State-st.,
" Stephen Brown, making sewer on School-st.,
Paid Alexander & Sargent, stone for culvert in
" John & Jeremiah Mills, making sewer on
Paid Seba Mills, work on drains and crossings,.
" Jeremiah Mills, work on culvert, near Dea.
Paid John Mills, work on culverts,
" Jacob Hoit, grates for cess pools,
" Josiah Sanborn, drawing stone from P. Farm,
" C. & Ira Abbot, work on culvert on Bos road.
Paid A. C. Pierce, Assessor,
" Enos Blake, Assessor,
" Nathan Stickney, Assessor, making taxes,.
" Nathan Chandler, Assessor,
" William Pecker, Assessor,
" John Abbot, Assessor,
" Joseph Low, Mayor,
" J. E. Lang, City Treasurer,
" David Watson, City Clerk,
" Amos Hadley, Clerk of Common Council,
" J. L. Cillcy, Marshal and Collector,
" Wm. H. Bartlett, City Solicitor,
" Josiah Stevens, Police Judge,
" S. B. Larkin, special services in 1853,. ...
" Samuel Coffin, special services,
" Wm. Abbot, Jun., Assessor,
*' G. W. Ordway, superintending repairs at
railroad bridge and culverts,
Paid Superintending School Committee,
" Moses Gill, Overseer of Poor Farm,. .....
ContiiigcHcics of Fire I>cpas-tutient.
Paid H. M. Kobinson, aqueduct,
" John Sawyer, stone for Engine house,. . . .
" Asa H. Morrill, work on Engine house,. . o
" P. M. Smith, wall for Engine house,
" H. Rolfe & Sons, boards for Engine house,
" John Emerson, pair of belts,
" Blackmer & Walker, plated figures for No. 3,
" George Dame, hauling engine to fire,
" Moses Ordway, oil cask and setting,
" Warde & Walker, rope for engine,
" Blackmer & Walker, silver figures for No. 7,
" Durrill Smart, for moving Engine house,. .
" Charles K. West, for damage to fence,. . . .
" Dexter W. Smith, hauling engines to fires,
" Dexter W. Smith, loss of horse,
" Shclton & Cheever, for hose,
" O. G. Ingalls, repairing hooks and hose,. .
" J. C. Harvey, repairing Engine No. 5,. . . .
" J. J. Wyman, work on reservoirs,
" Jefferson Noyes, work on Engine house,. .
" L. P. Fuller, work on engine apparatus,. . .
" W. P. Hardy, articles for Engine Cos. 3 & 4,
" Smart & Sewall, drawing engine to fires,. .
" J. C. Osgood, care of engine and hose,. . . .
" Brown & Morgan, oil for engines,
" A. B. Holt, keys for engine men, and work
on reservoirs, . ."
Paid Samuel L. Currier, for drawing engine to
McConnell's mills, (less $1.50)
Paid Samuel M. Griffin, repair of Engine No. 2,
" N. Y. & C. G. Co. , for drawing engine to fire,
'• D. Symonds, repairing buckets,
" L. D. Sherburn, drawing engine to fire,. . .
" Blackmer & Walker, figures for No. 1,. . .
" J. D. A. West, books and fluid,
" F. A. Fiske & Co., wood for Engine No. 2,
" J. D. Teel, 6 lbs. tallow for Engine No. 2,
" H. H. Holt, services as steward,
" H. P. Moore, painting Engine No. 7,
" S. B. Marston, repairing Engine No. 2,. . .
" James Prescott, horses to fires on the Plains,
" Rosea Fessenden, work on hose and buckets,
Paid D. S. Webster, hauling engines to fires,. . .
" Seba Mills, repairing reservoirs,
" Tallant & Savory, hauling engines to fires,
" True Osgood, services as Assistant Engineer,
" H. M. Robinson, water from aqueduct,. . . .
" Lowell Eastman, plank and brake-poles for
" Nos. 2, 3 &4,
Pay of Fire Departmemt.
Paid A. H. Drown, for No. 8 Engine men, 1853, 92 00
" Horace H. Holt, annual allowance & special
service of No. 2 Engine men, 413 75
Paid Caleb Parker, annual allowance and special
service of No. 3 Engine men,. 355 55
Paid C. I. Elliot, annual allowance and special
service of No. 4 Engine men, 421 13
Paid John Abbot, annual allowance and special
service of No. 6 Engine men, 192 30
Paid C. E. Robinson, annual allowance & special
service of No. 7 Engine men, 194 15
Paid A. H. Drown, annual allowance and special
service of No. 8 Engine men, 113 40
Watch and Police.
d A. H. Drown, services as Assistant Marshal, 33 05
C. W. Harvey, 42
Gas Light Company, .....,.,>, 7 50
J. J. Wyman, night watch 89 OO
S. B. Whicher, night watch, 89 00
J. J. Wyman, night watch,. 61 00
Gas Light Company, 2 63
J. J. Wyman, night watch, 35 00
J. M. Ordway, night watch, 9 00
Gas Light Company, 3 75
S. B. Whicher, night watch, 153 00
George C. Robinson, police services, 31 71
Isaac Eastman, police services, 4 00
James Hoit, police services, 4 50
John Pettingill, services as Deputy Sheriff, 7 15
Paid J, J. Wyman, night watch,
" C. D. Drew, police service and night watch,
" S. B. Whicher, night and day watch,
" Gas Light Company,
" Charles H. Norton, rent for Marshal and
Police Judge room,
Paid J. J. Wyman, police service,
" J. L. Cillcy, extra watch & expense at fires,
." G. C. Houston, 1 day's police service
" Lowell Eastman, police & engineer services,
*' John L. Tallant, wood for Marshal's office.
Abatement of Taxes foy orders on Treasury.
Paid Josiah Stevens, 3 05
" S. A. Kimball, 5 49
" James C. VVhittemore, 3 05
" Thomas W. Young, 7 93
" Charles Libbey, 1852, 3 65
" James R. Chase, 4 37
" Caleb Keith, 1 40
" Joseph W. Prescott, 5 80
" Calvin Mooney, , . . . . 1 16
" Kobert Eastman, 1 40
" Aaron Eastabrook, 2 12
" David Bartlett, 1 44
" Caleb Brown, 1 44
" John Kelley, 5 06
" James Sanborn, 4 80
" C. A. W. Folsom, 1 22
" John Eastman, 7 20
" J. R. C. Hoit, 1 44
" Thomas Tewksbury, 4 32
" William Haywood, 76
" Zebulon Smith 57
" M. M. Tallant, 19
" John Ewer, 1 52
" Isaac F. Hoit, 65
" Daniel Marden, 5 84
" Joseph Robinson, , 3 48
Paid Moses Cass, cleaning roonns,
" Wm. Beedle, wood for Clerk's office
" Richard Sargent, sawing wood,
" C. & E. Savory, damage to carriage,
" Seth Eastman, expenses Butterfield's inquest,
" M. Bigelow, stamp for Auditors of account,
" J. J. Wyman, setting glass at Clerk's office,
" Geo. W. Parsons, damage to horse at Free
Paid Post Office account,
" Moses Cass, cleaning rooms for City Council,
" Post Office account,
" David Watson, assistance to Assessors,. . . .
" M. C. Mutual Fire Insurance Co., insurance,
" J. J. Clark, damage to wagon and furniture,
" Asa Parker, use of room for ward meeting,
" Post Office account,
" John Eaton, sawing wood,
" J, W. Batchelder, pest house burnt,
" C. S. Colby, by damage defect of highway.
Paid B. F. Watson, enrolling militia,
" James H. Chase, for stove,
" John Eaton, sawing wood,
" Jacob Jenness, damage to wagon,
" L. L. Mower, enrolling militia, 1853 & 1854,
" J. Eastman, use of room for ward meeting,
" Moses Cass, cleaning room for City Council,
" B. F. Gale, surveying,
" Post Office account,
" Joel Frazier, work on highway,
" Merrimack County, wood,
" Lincoln & Shaw, rent of Marshal's room,.
" J. L. Cilley, cost on executions,
" J. C. Flanders, services as Referee,
" Daniel A. Hill, cases for Clerk's office,. . . .
" School District 19, room for ward meeting,
" School District 3, use of room,
" J. L. Cilley, wood for Marshal's office and
Paid S, C. Badger, surveying in 1850 & 1852,.
Printing: and Stationery.
Paid John F. Brown, stationery,.
" B. W. Sanborn, advertising,
" McFarland & Jenks, printing check list,. .
" Joseph Peters, altering and stereotying seal,
" Norton & Crawford, record book for S. C,
" Barton & Hadfey, printing 1st annual rcport,
" Jones & Cogswell, printing Municipal Reg.,
" G. P. Lyon, blank books and stationery,. .
" Morrill & Silsby, stationery,
" Wm. F. Holton, printing check lists,* • • • .
'* McFarland & Jenks, advertising ordinances,
Paid Jones & Cogswell, blank book for S, C.,. .
" William Butterfield, printing check lists and
Paid G. P. Lyon, blanks and stationery,
" Barton & Hadley, advertising and printing.
Paid Rolfe & Marshall, professional service,. . . .
" A. S. Alexander, professional service,. ...
■' W. H. Bartlett, costs in case Henry Hubbard,
" James F. Sargent, vaccination,
" Ira Parley, professional service, 1853,....
" Asa Fowler, professional service, 1853,. . .
" George & Foster, professional service, 1853.
" Baker & Peabody, prof, service, 1852,. ...
" W. H. Bartlett, costs in case Henry Hubbard,
•■' M. W. Tappan, in case of Henry Hubbard,
" Ira Perley, in case of Elliot vs. Concord,.
*' Asa Fowler, in case of Elliot vs. Concord,
The interest on the Parsonage Fund to January 1st, 1855,
is $281.80, distributed as follows :
North Congregational Society, 41 92
West Congregational Society, 20 12
South Congregational Society, 34 65
East Congregational Society, 19 68
Methodist Society, , , . 14 70
First Baptist Society, 28 26
Pleasant-st. Baptist Society, 8 88
Universalist Society, 26 60
Unitarian Society, 31 72
Episcopal Society, 16 15
Free Will Baptist Society, 6 28
Christian Society, 5 90
Baptist Society, at Fisherville, 10 82
Congregational Society, at Fisherville, 10 31
Methodist Society, at Fisherville, 3 98
Universalist Society, at Fisherville, 1 83
Debts due from the City, January 1, 1§55.
To Timothy Walker, 5,723 86
" Merrimack County Bank, 492 23
" New-Hampshire Savings Bank, 2,480 38
" Abiel Walker, 7,040 92
" Ann G. Merrill, ' 2,455 66
" First Congregational Society (Noyes' note), 1,046 16
" Concord Female Charitable Society, 2,994 67
" Moses Gill, 1,098 70
To John W. Noyes, 3,326 81
A. Q. Farnum, 534 66
Simeon Farnum, 212 13
Abraham Bean, 2,030 50
Heman Sanborn, 340 1 1
Nathan Stickney, 985 82
Matthew Harvey, 1,415 40
Parsonage Fund, interest, 233 80
February 1st, provided for by Bonds of the City, dated
January 1st, 1855.
Assets of the City, February 1, lS5t(.
Four shares Mechanicks' Bank stock, 400 00
George Bradley's note, interest to Feb. 1, 1855, 127 44
Amount due from Concord «Sc Claremont R. R.
for land damages, with interest to Feb. 1, 1855, 347 15
Town Hall lot, and Dearborn place, 10,000 00
Balance due from Abraham Bean, as per report
of Committee appointed to settle with same,. 124 00
Balance due from J. C. Pillsbury on list of taxes
uncollected for 1853, 2,188 35
Due from Montreal Railroad, 700 00
Due from J. L. Cilley on list of taxes uncollected
for 1854, 1,474 28
Estimated value of Property connected with
Hearses. Houses. Value.
North Cemetery, 140 100 240
East Village, 100 65 165
West Village, 100 65 165
FisherviUe, 100 65 165
Mill Village, 100 65 165
New hearse sleigh, for East Village,. . . 35 35
Total value, exclusive of lots and fence, $935
Inventory of Property at City Clerk's Office.
1 long writing table, 6 drawers, valued at 10 00
1 short writing table, 2 drawers, 5 00
2 large cases, 24 00
1 pine desk, 2 00
12 common chairs, 6 00
4 arm chairs, 6 00
2 book racks, 1 00
1 book case, 2 00
1 stove and funnel, 4 00
2 lamps and fluid can, 1 25
Shovel, tongs, brush, dust-pan, pitcher, hatchet,
and sundry other indispensables, 2 00
Sundry ink-stands, pen-rack, sand-boxes, scissors,
stationery, &c., 5 00
1 small ti'unk, : 1 25
1 Compiled Laws of New-Hampshire, 1 83
1 Compiled Laws of N. H., in P. C. Room, 83
1 Town Officer, 75
1 Geology of New-Hampshire, 2 87
Foster's New-Hampshire Reports, volume 1-4, 14 00
New-Hampshire Reports, 3 volumes, unbound,. . 3 00
3 Statistics of census of 1850,
1 Compendium of census of 1840,
2 List of U. S. Pensioners, 1840,
Inventory of Property at Marshal's Office.
1 writing table, 8 00
1 stove and funnel, 9 00
Stationery, &c., 2 00
5 sets of handcuflJs, 6 67
2 arm-chairs, 2 00
1 Desk for Police Justice, 15 00
1 copy of Codified Laws, 1 83
LIST OF OUTSTANDING CITY ORDERS,
DRAWN, BUT NOT TAKEN.
Printing and Stationery.
William Butterfield, 53 46
Jones & Cogswell, 4 00
Roads and Bridg^cs.
Concord Kailroad, 818 50
Benjamin F. Dow, 2 00
R. C. Osgood, 10 27
John A. Coburn, $2 50
Abatement of Taxes.
James Sanborn, 4 80
John Eastman, 7 20
William Haywood, 76
Marstin M. Tallant, 19
John Ewer, 1 52
Isaac F. Hoyt, 65
Daniel Harden, 5 84
Salaries of City Officers.
William Abbot, Jr., 13 00
M. T. Willard, Supintending School Committee, 150 00
Joseph Low, 200 00
A. B. Holt, 15 75
Samuel L. Currier, 5 00
New- York & Concord Granite Co., 2 00
Blackmer & Walker, 5 17
J. D. Teel & Co., 75
H. M. Robinson, 6 00
B. F. Gale, 5 50
Merrimack County, 3 00
Lincoln & Shaw, 9 73
School District No. 19, 4 00
Eleazer Jackson, 18 24
Isaac C. Boyes, 18 24
Whole amount, $568 07
SECOND ANNUAL REPORT
COMMITTEE ON CITY FARM.
To his Honor the, Mayor, and the City Council:
The undersigned, Joint standing Committee on the Alms
House and City Farm, have so far attended to the duties
assigned them as to ask leave to submit the accompanying
statement as a part of this second annual report under our
City Charter :
Appraised value of farm and buildings in 1854, 7,000 00
Appraised value of personal property in 1854,. . 2,521 81
Total, $9,521 81
Appraised value of farm and buildings in 1855, 7,400 00
Appraised value of personal property in 1855,. . 2,811 12
Total, $10,211 12
Whole number Co. paupers receiving aid at Alms House, 26
Whole number belonging to the City, 21
Whole number belonging to other towns in the State,. . . 4
Total who received aid during the year, 51
The expenses for carrying on the farm during the last
year will more fully appear under the appropriate report
of the overseer, to which particular reference is solicited.
We can but venerate those fathers whose wisdom conceived,
and untiring energy matured, the humane and economical
plan of supporting the unfortunate poor at a town farm. Too
much praise cannot be rendered them for their far-reaching
Not least in importance is the wish that the benevolent
of our citizens would occasionally look in upon the less
fortunate of our race, notice the look of comfort, if not the
expression of cheerfulness of the inmates, there domiciled
and cared for, and, if possible, contemplate the contrast
Jietween the present and the past, when the revolting scene
(until the purchase of this farm) was made, at the close
of each annual town meeting, of " knocking down " to the
lowest bidder the support of those whose misfortune was
their poverty !
Fully to appreciate the beneficence of the changes, it is
only necessary to visit the Alms House, critically examine
the_ air of comfort appertaining thereto, notice the pains-
taking solicitude of the matron to impart comfort to those for
whose welfare she so assiduously watches, and notice, too,
the well arranged rooms, the warm and cleanly beds, the
ample and wholesome provisions for tho table, and none
could for a moment believe there was a cry in our streets for
bread, or that it was a calamitous providence which assigned
a residence at our city Alms House.
The discrepancy in crops of the past year as compared
with those of the preceding, are traceable to causes over
which no human agency had any control. Our only
surprise was that the severities of the drought the past
summer no more extensively reduced the aggregate of those
We are aware that, frequently, praise is bestowed without
merit, and on occasions when the recipient was not benefited
thereby ; but therefore to withhold it from the really deserv-
ing is neither generous nor just. We cannot close this
report without adding our approbation to the '■'■ loell doyie""
so worthily bestowed upon the overseer and matron, Mr. and
Mrs. Gill, in the last annual report ; and we should regard
it alike detrimental to the welfare of the unfortunate residents
as the pecuniary interests of the city, not to be able to secure
their invaluable services at least another year.
Which is respectfully submitted.
JOHN ABBOTT, ) „
GEORGE W. BROWN, ] ^ovimittee.
Concord, February 2d, 1855,
IIWEMORY OF REAL AND PERSONAL ESTATE
OF AND BELONGING TO THE CITY FARM.
Farm 180 acres, at $30 per acre, 5,400 00
Buildings, 2,000 00
1 horse, 125 00
4 oxen, 280 00
8 cows, 190 00
3 two years old heifers, 45 00
1 two years old bull, 15 00
17 sheep, 34 00
5 shoats, 50 00
20 tons of English hay, at $18 per ton, 360 00
10 tons of brook hay, at $10 per ton, 100 00
5 tons of straw and corn fodder, 40 00
100 bushels of corn, 125 00
80 bushels of oats, 48 00
3 bushels of peas, 3 00
11 1-2 bushels of beans, 23 00
350 bushels of potatoes, 212 00
18 bushels of beets and carrots, 4 50
2 bushels of barley, 2 50
3 1-2 barrels of clear pork, 70 00
4 barrels of beef, 50 00
3 barrels of soap, 15 00
1-2 barrel of vinegar, 2 00
1-2 barrel of pickles, 2 50
1-2 barrel flour, 5 00
2 gallons of molasses, 60
58 pounds of dried apples, 3 00
22 pounds of tea, 5 00
472 pounds of cheese, 59 00
60 pounds of butter,
116 pounds of lard,
180 pounds of ham,
130 pounds of tallow,
24 pounds of candles,
50 pounds soap grease,
164 pounds fresh beef,
70 pounds husks,
59 pounds of poi'k,
70 pounds of mutton,
1 sleigh and harness,
2 gig wagons,
2 pairs cart wheels,
7 saws and axes,
5 scythes and snaiths,
2 sleds and 1 barrow,
40 dry cast-boxes and tubs,
1 horse rake,
Horse-collar, trace-chains, and whiflletree,
2 beetles and 5 wedges,
4 augers and chisels,
5 chains and 1 bar,
40 cords of hard wood,
25 cords of soft wood,
7 pounds of sole leather,
2 grain cradles,
2 bufialo robes,
1 brass cut saw,
4 bushels of lime,
1 set dry measures,
1 steel trap,
15 feather beds, at five dollars, 75 00
21 blankets, 20 00
30 pairs of sheets,
25 comforters, .
30 pairs of pillow-cases,
16 straw ticks,
12 pounds of wool and rolls,
21 yards of flannel,
9 yards of frocking,
4 stoves and funnels,
2 cheese presses and hoops,
2 pair of steel-yards, . . . »
40 plates and platters, ■
27 cups and saucers, , .
40 tin milk pans,
1 churn, , . . . o
2 brass kettles,
1 iron kettle,
1 iron pot,
3 pairs of shovels and tongs
Lot of tin ware,
4 chests and drawers,
30 knives and forks,
2 looking glasses,
1 pair of andirons,
5 sad iron, ,
1 loom, ,
10 meal bags,
1 kneading-trough and seive,
1 alleviator for the helpless,
REPORT OF MOSES GILL,
SUPERINTENDENT OF CITY FARM,
FOR THE YEAR ENDING FEBRUARY 1, 1855.
Keceived at City Farm.
For 12 bushels of potatoes, 7 50
30 bushels of potatoes, 19 50
19 pounds of cheese, 2 37
1 calf, 4 00
3 dozen eggs, 45
25 bushels of oats, 13 75
12 bushels of potatoes, 7 95
765 pounds of old iron, 8 90
14 3-4 pounds of cheese, 1 90
4 calves, 16 25
15 pounds of cheese, 1 87
Of the City Treasurer, 150 00
Of Town of Sanbornton, for pauper, 1 00
For 4 hens, 1 00
Of Daniel Abbott, for keeping horse, 2 40
Of Town of Bow, for Messer children, 10 00
For 260 pounds of hide, - 14 30
190 pounds of poultry, 21 62
pasturing 2 cows, 14 00
13 pelts 8 45
2 pelts, 1 30
milk, 19 60
1 gallon soap, 12
footing, 10 48
12 pounds of wool, 4 00
5 bushels of potatoes, 3 25
eggs, .... 8 58
17 pairs of footing, 7 65
1 peck of kidney potatoes, 17
For labor, oxen and hand, 1 34
" eggs,' 4 00
" 2 pounds of candles, 28
" 5 pounds of cheese, 50
" 1 pair of oxen, 140 00
" 3 cords of wood, 14 50
Expenditures at tlie City Farm.
For 7 hats, 113
" olive oil, 10
" 1 stone butter-pot, 1 25
" 12 bushels of rye, 15 09
" 1 bushel of apples, 40
" 1 coffee-mill, 16
'' 1 grindstone, 1 50
" 2 shovels, 2 00
" 1 stove and funnel, 17 53
" 2 trace-chains, 62
" 1 cow and calf, 40 00
'^ 1 cow, 25 00
" grass seed, 3 79
" 1 clothes line, 25
" 5 pigs, 7 50
« blacksmith bill, 11 00
" 7 pounds of pitch, 28
" 1 rennet skin, 25
« 2 barrels of cider, 3 00
" 9 1-4 pounds of sole leather, 2 22
" 34 yards of cassimere, 23 05
" Catharine Clark, 1 75
" Isabella Lynch, I 00
" 12 pairs of shoes, 1 1 67
" 2 pairs of boots, 4 00
" 140 pounds of guano, 4 72
« 3 bed cords, 88
" 3 hoes, 1 74
" pasturing cattle, 16 78
" hot drops, 25
" 1 rope halter, 16
" 1 cask of lime, ■ 1 25
" 1 pound of copperas, 06
Fof 2 quarts of lamp oil, 60
" 1 auger, , 08
" 1 pound of log-wood, 05
" lead pipe, and soldering the same, 1 29
" 1 bush hook, 120
" unffuentum, 17
" 1 ball of twine, 07
" 2 pounds of alum, 10
" 2 pounds of salaratus, 14
" twist, silk, and buttons, 36
" 6 pounds of raisins, 93
" writing paper, 40
" ink, 20
" 4 1-4 pounds tea, 2 87
" 24 pounds of tobacco, 4 33
" 26 yards of cotton cloth, 1 87
*' peppermint, 30
*' 1 pound of pepper, 20
" pound of ginger, 10
" filing saw, 1 50
" carding wool, 2 60
" 8 pounds of coffee, 96
" 17 pounds of fish, 62
" cotton thread, 12
'' 1 barrel of flour, 11 00
" peppermint, 25
" 1 pound of wicking, 25
" 3 pounds of spikes,. 16
" 1 kitt of mackerel, 1 50
*' butchering, 17
" 3 yards of drilling, 45
" 1 ounce of thread, 08
" 2 pounds of salaratus, 12
" 1-2 pound of allspice, 10
" 1-2 pound cassia, 15
" 2 ounces of nutmegs, 20
" 54 pounds of cod fish, 2 27
'' 2 1-2 yards of cotton flannel, 30
'•' spending money for boys, 57
" cotton thread, 03
" 100 pounds of cod fish, 4 00
" 1-2 pound of allspice, 09
" 1 ounce of nutmegs, 10
For 37 pounds of sugar,
" 1 bushel of salt,
" 25 pounds of tobacco,
" 5 3-4 pounds of white fish,.
" 1 pair shoes,
" 1 pound of linen thread,. . .
" 23 1-2 yards of denims,. . .
" 46 pounds of tea,
" 30 gallons of molasses,. . . .
" 2 cast steel hoes,
" 1 barrel of mackerel,
" 21 yards of denims,
" 1 barrel of flour,
" 1 scythe and snaith,
" 4 rakes,
" 1 scythe,
" 17 pounds of cod fish,. . . .
" 1 barrel flour,
" 1 bushel of salt,
" 55 pounds of fish,
" 1 quintal of fish,
" 1-2 barrel of mackerel, . . .
" 1 barrel of flour,
" 1 pound of tea,
" 10 pounds of sugar,
" 1 pound of tobacco,
" 4 pounds of coffee,
" 1 bag salt^
" 2 bushels of salt,
" 1 butcher knife,
" 4 bushels of salt,
" 3 bushels of salt,
" 4 bags of salt,
" cotton cloth,
" brown ware,
" 1 linen coat, . . .
" 1 pound of starch,
" crackers, , . .
" 1-2 pound of cassia,
" 2 pounds of allspice,
" 2 sticks of twist,
" 9 5-8 yards of ticking,
For 5 1-4 yards of crash, 53
" 6 5^ards of crash, 66
" 3 pounds of pepper, 45
« 77 yards of print, 8 99
" 1 bed cord, 34
" 1 yard of white cambric, 17
" 1-2 gross of matches, 30
" tailoress work, 2 00
" bar and shaving soap, 45
" gingham, 79
" 5 yards denims, 73
" shoes 2 35
" tape, 34
" thread; - 83
" pins, 24
" hooks and eyes, 20
" 7 skeins of black silk, , 21
" 2 pounds of alum, 11
" 21 pounds of coffee, 2 73
" 2 pounds of tea, 76
" 1 pound of tobacco, 20
" 21 1-2 pounds of sugar, 1 83
" 4 ounces of nutmegs, 40
" 4 onnces of camphor gum, 24
" 6 pounds saleratus, 38
" peppermint, 34
" 1 pound of raisins, 15
" 2 1-2 pounds of ginger, ^ 31
" 7 ounces of indigo, 70
" 2 balls of twine, .16
" 3 gallons of new rum, 1 55
" 1 Whip lash, 20
" 1 bolt for sleigh, 08
" Ihat,.. 75
" labor, ... 2 84
- " 1 case knives and forks and 1 file, 85
" 1 set of cups and saucers and 1 doz. plates, 75
" 1 barrel of flour, 9 75
" 4 gallons of molasses, 1 28
Whole amount, $415 45
In Superintendent's hands, $107 16
Stimaies of tlae City Farm for flic year «3i%diiig
February 1st, 1§55.
George F. Bennet,
Isabella Lynch, children.
2 weeks each,
3 Messer children.
Sarah S. Sargent,
Sarah H. Whittier,
Sarah A. Sanborn,
COST AND ESTIMATED VALUE OF BRIDGES.
When built. Original cost. Present value.
Free Bridge, 1849-50 16,753 12,000
Federal Bridge, 1850-51 15,950 12,000
Two bridges at Fisherville,. 1849-50 5,150 4,000
Horse-Hill Bridge, 1 852 2,676 2,000
Sewall's Falls Br., town paid, 18^2 1,735
Sewall's Falls Br. city paid, 1853 6,335. 8,000
REPORT OF' POLICE JUSTICE.
To His Honor the Mayor, and Board of Aldermen, of the City of Concord :
Gektlemen : — In accordance with the provisions of the
Act incorporating said City, I herewith submit the following
as the doings of the Police Court since the last " Annual
Number of entries upon the Civil Docket, 47
" " " " " Criminal Docket,. . . 109
The following are the Crimes for which Arrests have been
made, viz :
Concealing stolen property, 1
Assault and Battery, 12
Common Drunkard, 10
Violation of Liquor Law, 36
Violation of City Ordinance, 26
Being found drunk, 5
Assault with intent to kill 2
Making disturbance in the Streets, 2
Unlawful employing Minors in Manufactories, . . 3
Keeping disorderly house,
Malicious destruction of property,
Refusing to show Pedlar's license,
Obstructions on Railroads,
Contempt of Court,
Of the foregoing —
Sentenced to pay fines, 35
" " House of Correction,. . . .' 8
" " County Jail, 2
" " House of Reformation, 1
Iiccognized for trial at C. C. Pleas, 36
Transferred by Appeal, 11
Whole amount of fees charged on Criminal
Docket, $228 38
Whole amount of fees charged on Civil Docket, 29 38
Fines ordered, , 157 00
JOSIAH STEVENS, Police Justice.
Concord, January 31, 1855,
Josiah Stevens, as Police Justice,
To the City of Concord, De.
To Cash received- for fees, fines and Blanks, as
per specification on Book Account, $214 50
By Cash paid John D. Norton for Blanks, &c.,
as per Bill,. , $ 33 00
By Blanks and Stationery, 1 34
" Six days as Special Justice last year, 12 00
" Cash paid City Treasurer as per receipt, .... 168 16
From the records it appears that there are a number of Bills
of cost remaining in the hands of True George, late Jailor
for the County of Merrimack, unaccounted for and due the
JOSIAH STEVENS, Folia Justice.
Concord, January 31, 1855.
CHIEF ENGINEER'S EEPORT„
To his Honor the Mayor, ami Board of Aldermen of the City oj Concord i
The undersigned, Chief Engineer of the Fire Department*,
asks leave to report, that the present fire department of the
City consists of six regular and two volunteer Engine
Companies, together with a Hook and Ladder Company,
numbered and located as follows :
No. 1, volunteer at North End Main-st.,
No. 2, at North End State-st.,
No. 3, at South End Main-st,
No. 4, on Warren-st.,
No. 5, Volunteer, near Freight Depot,
No. 6, at West Village,
No. 7, at East Village,
No. 8, at Fisherville,
No. 1, Hook and Ladder Company, on Warren-st.
The Engines, Hose, Hose Carriages, Hook and Ladder
Carriage, including other apparatus and buildings, are all in
good repair, and has been so kept by those to whose care
the property have been entrusted. A small amount of new
hose, however, is wanted in place of that which time and
service has rendered unreliable.
Since the first of August last, owing in part to the unusual
dryness of a portion of the season, the services of the Fire
Department have been required more frequently than usual,
and it gives me pleasure to state that every member ha*,
pjfomptly responded to the various calls, and has performed
his duty in a way and manner, and with a faithfulness which
gkes an assurance of the future stability and usefulness,
of the department.
The department has been called out, since the first of
August, as follows :
August 9 — Fire at R. Bradley's.
August 17 — Fire on the Plains.
August 17 & 18 — Fire at H, Fessenden's.
August 22 — Fire at Soucook Mills.
August 31 — Fire at Suncook Village.
October 17 — Fire at Brown & Morgan's.
November 2 — Fire at Unitarian Meeting House.
December 16 — Fire at Dea. Willey place.
December 23 — Fire at Porter Blanchard's.
January 3 — False alarm.
Company No. 7, on Plains.
Company No. 8, an alarm at Fisherville.
The Public Reservoirs are as folIo\»s:
One at South End Main street, opposite Abbot's Carriage
One opposite the Thompsonian building, Main street.
One near South Church, at intersection of Main and
Four in front of State House.
One at intersection of Centre and Main Streets.
One opposite Merrimack County Bank, Mam street.
One in front of house of John H. George, Main street.
One on State street, near Sewell Hoit's house, at head of
One on State street, near the dwelling house of Mr. Rolfe.
One on South street, near N. B. Baker's house, opposite
head of Wall street.
One on Prince street, near Carpenter's Shop.
One on School street, near Unitarian Church, located
easterly from School House and opposite James R. Hill's
One on State street, near A. B. Currier's house.
One on corner of West and State streets, near School
house in District No. 9.
One on Pleasant street, near R. H. Shurburne's house,
nearly opposite George H. H. Silsby's house.
One on Main street, near F. N. Fisk's house.
One on State street, near James Tallant's house.
Besides these are several others, not strictly public res-
ervoirs, as follows : — Three near Warren street, between
Main and Green streets ; one in rear of Call's Block ; one at
the intersection of State and Washington streets ; one at the
intersection of Main and Franklin streets, and various others
of small capacities.
At Fisher\'ille, about 1000 feet from the canal, are three
Officers and Members of Engine Company No. 2.
H. H. Holt, Foreman.
L. RoBY, Jr., Second Foreman.
L. A. Walker, Third Foreman.
Horace Eaton, Clerk.
R. F. Foster, Treasurer.
L. A. Walker, \
R. M. Ordway, \ Leading Hosemen.
Geo. Brackett, )
J. D. A. West,
J. J. Wyman,
H. H. Holt, Steward.
William T. Lock,
M. D. Drew,
A. L. Barnard,
F. La Bonta,
E. S. Towle,
C. H. Herbert,
C. C. Hartford,
S. M. Griffin,
C. R. Cass,
A. A. Moore,
Samuel B. Marston,
Geo. W. Emerton,
John S. Blodgett,
E. A. Moulton,
George H. Marston,
C. H. Burr,
J. B. Walker,
Thomas B. Sargent,
H. P. Sweetser,
L. D. Shurburn,
John H. George,
G. H. Seavey,
M. A. Holt,
W. S. Davis,
M. H. Bradley,
A. H. Moores.
OflScci'S and Mcmljers of Engine Company Wo. 3.
L. P. Fuller, Foreman.
Caleb Parker, Assist. Foreman.
Daniel Windmer, Clerk.
D. S. Webster, Treasurer.
J. H. Abbot, Foreman of Hose.
JosiAH Cooper, \
Charles C. Thompson, > Standing Committee.
Samuel Shute, j
J. Stephens Abbot,
J. M. Cook,
Joseph O. Trask,
W. E. Morton,
M. H Head,
J. S. Black,
Daniel H. Stokes,
J. K. Stokes,
J. S. Davis,
Joseph G. Wyatt,
John M. Chase,
Andrew J. Tilton,
C. H. Abbot,
J. J. Pillsbury,
Charles D. Cate,
O. F. Harris,
A. B. Chase,
B. F. Kimball,
William H. Beard,
J. C. Eaton,
L. C. Lull,
C. S. Colby,
James H. Stephens,^
John H. Collis.
Ofiicers and Meanljers of Engine Company No. 4.
Chas. I. Elliott, Foreman.
L. P. Cheney, Assistant Foreman.
Joseph C. Osgood, Foreman of Hose.
W. McMurphy, Clerk.
KuFUs Clement, Treasurer.
A. B. Holt, \
B. F. Gale, > Standing Committee.
J. C. Dunclj:e, j
J. D. Cooper,
William B. Hoit,
Joseph C. Osgood,
Joseph G. Alexander,
Frank V. Osgood,
J. F. Hoit,
Andrew H. Foss,
Wm. P. Foster,
C. C. Webster,
A. B, Currier,
L. D. Boynton,
J. G. Lincoln,
John W. Dodge,
Wm. W. Taylor,
Henry A. Mann,
Ira F. Morse,
John D. Teel ,
B. F. Watson,
John H. Nichols,
Joseph W. Prescott,
Charles E. Mead,
M. J. Mead,
W. H. Buntin,
W. G. Shaw.
©fficea's asid Meuifoers of Esigiase Coiispassy Wo. 6.
Andrew Jackson, Second Foreman.
Stilman Hubiphreys, Clerk,
A. W. Clough, Treasurer.
B. F. Holden,
M. F. CLoirGH,
B. F. Dow,
Charles R. Brown,
William T. Clough,
James H. Emerson,
William H. Brown,
Robert L. Hall,
Charles H. Clough,
A. W. Clough,
Albert H. Baker,
Stephen W. Kellom,
Moses H. Farnum,
George W. Brown,
Asa P. Tenney, Jr.
E. C. Ferrin,
George G. Jones,
, Charles Upton,
Cyrus F. Fletcher,
Henry M. Goodrich,
Amos S. Abbott,
Virgil M. Hall,
Otis A. Williams,
George E Holden,
John O. Harrington,
John H. Kellom.
Officers fiaad Members of S)iigiue Company Mo. to
Ephraim S. Colley, Foreman.
Charles E. Robinson, Clerk.
James M. Carleton, Treasurer.
Ebenezer Eastman, \
Charles P. Adams, > Trustees.
Thomas Carleton, )
Mellen C. Eastman,
He man Sanborn,
A. B. Seavy,
Charles H. Sanborn
Winthrop St. Clair,
Theodore S. Clark,
Abraham B. Sanborn,
Jonathan E. Pecker,
J. H. Carleton,
John T. Bachelder,
William L. Bachelder,
Cyrus R. Robinson,
George W. Moody,
Silas T; Bean.
Officers and Members of Engine Company Ko. S»
Albert H. Drown, Foreman.
Jacob B. Rand, Assistant Foreman.
Samuel .Merriabi, Clerk.
Jacob B. Rand, Treasurer.
David A. Brown, Isaac G. Howe,
John A. Coburn, Benjamin Morrill,
Samuel R. Flanders, Jared, Sparks,
Charles W. Hadley, Samuel Holt,
William H. Allen,
John G. Warren,
Samuel C. Pickard,
Charles L. Bachelder,
Timothy C. Rolfe,
Sylvester G. Long,
Jedediah S. Shepard,
George B. Elliot,
Daniel J. Pickard,
Jonathan C. Shepard,
Jeremiah S. Durgin,
Josiah W. Jameson,
Sherman S. Briggs,
Albert L. Smith,
Amos S. Alexander,
Edmund Worth, 3d,
Daniel W. Martin,
Henry F. Brown,
Benjamin F. Caldwell,
John W. Eaton,
F. A. Abbott,
E. H. Abbott,
Isaac F. Vesper,
James V. Smith,
Grorge F. Elkins,
Charles W. Chase,
Moses H. Bean.
Rffeifflbers of Hook and Liadder Company No. 1.
Gustavus Walker, H. A. Fay,
Charles K. West, John C. Hall,
Robert Cromett, Dexter W. Smith,
John C. Pillsbury, Lucius Baker,
J. L. Cilley, Leander King,
E. C. Eastman, B. F. Wolcott,
Walter Abbott, James F. Lund.
Before I close this report, a sense of justice compels me
to acknowledge the important and valuable aid, advice, and
assistance, rendered the department on some trying occasions,
by his Honor, the Mayor, with the Municipal Officers gene-
rally, together with a portion of the citizens. They have
contributed largely to the usefulness and success of the
department, and their acts have carried with them convincing
evidence that they have no seperate interests from that of the
Fire Department, but have cordially and freely rendered
their valuable services, in unison with the department, for
the mutual protection of the property belonging to the
mhabitants of this city.
LUTHER ROBY, Chief Engineer.
LIST OF TAXES, WHICH FOR VARIOUS CAUSES ARE
RECOMMEIVDE© FOK ABATEMENT,
ON THE TAX BOOK COMMITTED TO J. L. CILLEY FOR 1854-5,
Aiken, Samuel, Jr., 1 40 53
Allen, Ebenezer, 140 53
Blackmer, John, 140 53
Copp, Charles, 1 40 53
Ed^erly, Lewis E., 140 53
Elkins, John, 1 40 53
Ellsworth, William G., dead, 1 40 53
Gahagan, Samuel, not to be found, 1 40 53
Gamey, Luke, 1 40 53
Hoit,AmosE., 140 53
Knowlton, Charles, 1 40 53
McNeil, William, 1 40 53
Ordway, Jacob, gone, 1 40 53
Bobbins, Collins C, not of age, 1 40 53
Smith, Joseph, gone, 1 40 53
Wallace, Charles B., 1 40 53
Clough, John, Jr., 1 52
Donavan, John & Mary, not to be found,. ... 4 18
Clark, James M., gone to Loudon, poor,. ... 1 40
Jenness Samuel, Jr., gone to California, 1 40
Sargent, Moses, 3d, poor, 1 49
Farnum, Joseph F., 1 40
Emerson, James H., gone, 1 40
Puffer, Jacob, , 1 40
Gate, H. J. M., gone, 1 40 24
Gate, Jonathan, gone, 1 40 24
Cheney, W. C, 1 40
Crowley, James, 1 40 24
Drew, Oliver, 1 40
Emerson, John N., not to be found, 1 40 24
Fisk, Henry, 1 40
George, W. A. George, 1 40
Hanson, Caleb, gone, 1 40
Kelley, Richard P., gone, « 1 40
Kirby, James, 1 40 24
Lancaster, John, 1 40 24
Loud, H. M., not found, 1 40
Morrill, James H.,
Phelps, Henry W., 1 40 24
Pillsbury, Amos, 3 14 52
Kowe, Daniel,. 1 40 24
Tandy, Calvin L., request, 1 40 24
■Seavey, David, taxed in Hopkinton, 1 40
Thompson, Noble, not found,. . . o 1 40
Taggart, Israel, not found,
Tallant, James, 2d, taxed in two wards, 1 40
Willis, Timothy, not found, 1 40
Boyden, George, not of age, o 1 40 24
Burnham, David, 1 40 24
Brown, Walter, not of age, 1 40 24
Cate, Peter S., gone, 140 24
Chase, David A., not in the city 1 40 24
Colby, Charles E., not found, 1 40 24
Craig, Samuel, over 70 years of age, 1 40 24
Coile, John, not found, 1 40 24
Colby, Isaac S., 1 40 24
Dow, Lorenzo, 2d, , 1 40 24
Dorr, Joseph, poor Frenchman, 1 40 24
Evans, Henry, poor, and gone, 1 40 24
Ela, George, not of age, 1 40 24
Flanders, William S. not found, 1 40 24
Gillingham, Daniel, over 70 years of age,. . . 1 40 24
Ganty, John, taxed in two wards, 1 40 24
Gibson, Charles, not found,. 1 40 24
Hayes, John M., left town in April, 1 40 '24
Humphreys, T. R. W., gone, 1 40 24
Hagar, John C, taxed in Wards 5 & 6, 1 40 24
Hohon, Henry C, not of age, 1 40 24
Ingalls, Nathaniel P. 1 40 24
Robbins, Benjamin F., no such name, 1 40 24
Kimball, Benjamin, not of age, 1 40 24
Lake, Wingate N., not in the city, 1 40 24
Morrison, John, over 70 years of age, 1 40 24
Moulton, William H., not in the city, 1 40 24
McCarthy, Daniel, not found, 1 40 24
Perkins, William H., no such person, 1 40 24
Sanborn, Charles H., taxed in two wards,. ... 1 40 24
Smith, Ezra D., taxed in two wards, 1 40 24
Smith F. A., gone, 1 40 24
Sanborn, John, no such person in the city,. . . 1 40 24
Thomas, John B., not in the city, 1 40 24
Wheeler, A. B., not in the city, 1 40 24
Woodward, Ephraim W., taxed in two wards, 1 40
Walker, William B., not in the city, 1 40 24
Blanchard, Eben M., not found, 1 40 38
Cole, A. B., not found, , 1 40 38
Corliss, Mathew H., not found, 1 40 38
Dodge, George P., no such person, 1 40 38
Donahue, Patrick, poor Irish, 1 40 38
Dwyer, David, gone, 1 40 38
Edmunds, Charles G., taxed in Chichester,. . 1 40 38
Daniels, David, not found, 1 40
Jackson, Wm., property taxed to two persons, 1 84
Langley, Andrew J. not found, 1 40 38
Luf kin, Benjamin B., gone, 1 40 38
Linch, John, poor Irish, 1 40 38
Lee, John, poor Irish, 1 40 38
Lee, William, poor Irish, 1 40 38
Lufkin, Hiram B., gone, 4 30 115
McCauley, John, gone, 1 40 38
Morisett, Eli, poor Frenchman, 1 40 38
Palmer, Levi, dead, and poor, 1 40 38
Page, Isaac, left in April, 1 40 24
Prindible, James, sick and poor, 1 52 41
Robbins, John, not found, .,,,.,, 1 40 38
Smith, John, 2d, dead, 1 40 38
Stanley, Samuel, belonged to Epsom, 1 40 38
Weeks, John T., not here, 1 40 38
Wheeler, John C,, taxed in two wards, 1 40 38
Hoit, Samuel P., gone, 1 40 38
Barter, David, not found, 1 40
Burkley , Charles, not found, 1 40 38
Badger, Jacob, over 70 years old, no property, 1 75 47
Currier, Cyrus, taxed in two wards, 1 40
Clasey, Patrick, not of age, 1 40 38
Colby, Israel, not in the city, 1 40 38
Hardy, Wyman E., gone to the West, 1 40 70
McCurdy, John, not found, 1 40 38
Pillsbury, Nathan S,, sick, poor, left the city,. 1 40
Shute, Aaron, sick and poor, 2 32
Currier, Jedediah, sick and poor, per request,. 3 08
Smart, Moses, not of age, 1 40 38
Woodbury, William, gone to Bow, poor, .... 1 49
Hurd, William, run away, poor, 1 60
Charles Smith, school house tax on property
in District No. 13, 1 56
Dudley Ladd, non-resident, did not own the
property, and it was taxed to another person, 2 88
John Q. Adams, property taxed twice, non-
resident, 2 88
The Committee on Accounts herewith report the foregoing
list of abatements on the list committed to J. L. Cilley, for
1854, and recommend the abatement of the same.
REPORT or THE SUPERINTENDING
FOR THE YEAR ENDING MARCH, 1855.
In presenting to the City of Concord their Annual Report, the
Committee would say, that they have endeavored faithfully to
discharge the duties imposed upon them.
In the examination of teachers, they have aimed to be critical
and thorough ; this part of their duty they have regarded as of the
utmost importance. In most cases they have found that those who
presented themselves were qualified for the work m which they
would engage. In almost every instance, teachers have come
well recommended by others ; but these endorsements have at
no time exempted the bearer of them from a rigid trial by the
With but few exceptions, the schools have made most commend-
able improvement; for application, order, and progress, some
of them have attained a high degree of merit ; yet, with this
recommendation, so deservedly due, our schools are not what they
ought to be, nor what they should be. During the past year, the
Committee have given due importance to the duty of visiting the
schools. They have, either in their collective or individual capacity,
frequently entered the school-room, not so much to be entertained,
as to inspect deportment, examine progress, and impart advice.
The experience of the Committee, during their brief term of
office, has furnished them a few suggestions, which they would
offer at this stage ot their report.
The practice of singing, which is observed in some of our schools,
we wish might become general in all. Its effects, social and
moral, upon the scholar are happy. It goes far to make all who
engage in it " love one another." Some of our happiest momenta
in the school-room, during the year, have been passed in listening
to the melody and harmony of these hearts and voices. We would
Buggest to teachers the importance of qualifying themselves in
this branch of music sufficiently to teach the art of singing to their
scholars while in the school-room.
The art oT icriting, the Committee are apprehensive, is becoming
too much of secondary importance in our schools. They have
inferred this from the careless condition in which they have fre^
quently found the writing-books. Teachers should look to this.
In some of the schools, we have observed, not unfrequently, a
mispronunciation of words among the teachers. It is often the case
that the teacher is in doubt as to the exact pronunciation of some
words in the exercise of spelling. This being true, the Committee
would recommend that each school be provided with some standard
They would further recommend, that, in all our schools where
geography is taught, outline maps be provided. But as a distinct
and correct impression of the configuration of the earth cannot be
easily made upon the mind of a scholar by studying a flat suface,
a terrestrial globe should be placed in every high and intermediate
Another thing which, in some districts, the Committee thought
most desirable was commodious and pleasant school-houses. The
unhealthy appearance and feeble constitutions of not a few children
in our districts are attributable to the small and wretchedly ventilated
rooms of some of cur school-houses — they are entailing disease
upon generations of children. The evil calls for a sanitary com-
mittee of inspection. Horace Mann has well said—" People who
shudder at a flesh wound and a trickle of blood, will confine their
children like convicts, and compel them, month after month, to
breathe quantities of poison. It would less impair the mental and
physical constitutions of children, gradually to draw an ounce
of blood from their veins, during the same length of time, than to
send them to breathe, for six hours in a day, the lifeless and
poisonous air of some of our school-rooms. Let any man who
votes for confining children in small rooms, and keeping them on
atagnant air, try the experiment of breathing his own breath only
four times over, and if medical aid be not on hand, the children
will never be endangered by his vote afterward."
The Committee would urge upon parents the importance of cO'
operating ivith teachers in maintaining proper discipline in the
schools, and in securing constant and punctual 'attendance. In the
accusations which scholars are apt to bring against their teachers,
parents should be careful how they take up controversy against
the teacher. It is sometimes the case that the teacher may be
cruelly severe in his discipline, but in most cases, where stringent
measures are resorted to, the bad conduct of the disciplined warrants
Another suggestion which tho Committee would offer is that
committees, both superintending and prudential, ascertain, to the
full extent, the scope of their duties, at the time they enter upon
them. Let the sphere of action be known to each, and each keep
•within its proper circle of service.
One more thought which they will present, and which they
can with all modesty, as this is, in all probability, their last
administration — the importance of making to the Superintending
Committee a more generous remuneration for their services, in
many instances arduous and perplexing.
In closing this report, the Committee would recommend to the
City of Concord that some steps be taken toward engaging a
suitable person for the office ot general Superintendent, who shall
have the oversight of all the schools, and for whose service a proper
compensation shall be given. A more important movement, as
connected with the cause of education among us, we think cannot
be made. The present system of school supervision is defective.
Our committees, chosen as they are, cannot do what is required
of them ; and of our committees, chosen as they sometimes are, it
cannot justly be expected that they will do what is required of them.
With all due respect for the qualifications of men generally selected
for the important duty of examining teachers and their schools in
all the varied branches of education, we speak our honest convictions
when we say that it is not always the case that all those selected
are qualified for the position, and those who are qualified are so
closely confined to their callings as not to be able to give proper
time to this. Few men are prepared to go from their several daily
professions to the examination of a class of teachers,, and into our
school-rooms, and there do their whole duty. But all this incapacity
and inconvenience would be met and avoided in one well qualified
man, who shall devote his whole time to our schools, and for which
he shall receive an inspiring compensation. This saving of dollars
and' cents in the supervision of our schools is an economy which
tends to the worst kind of poverty — it pauperises the mind and
Let, then, this arragement for a general Superintendent be
made as soon as practicable, and then, in this our city of Concord
we shall have taken a most important step toward occupying a
position in education as elevated as that of our sister cities around
us, and such a position as it becomes the capital of New-Hampshire
C. W. FLANDERS, J. STEVENS,
H. A. KENDALL, M. T. WILLARD,
E. WORTH, S. ABBOTT,
The report of the several following schools were prepared by
the sub-committee whose name they bear, which may account
for sameness of plan and repetition of phraseology.
District No. 1. This District is making progress in the right
direction ; a considerable sum has been expended in enlarging and
improving their house, which is now pleasant and convenient.
The summer term was taught by Mrs. Elizabeth D. Hoit, who
was successful in awakening a new interest among the scholars
and also in securing a good attendance of parents and others at the
closing examination, who were much gratified with the exercises.
Some of the writing books exhibited unusual care and neatness.
Mr. George T. Sanborn taught the Winter term, who says " the
school has done remarkably well this winter." This statement is
fully confirmed in the opinion of the Committee. The proficiency
and general appearance of the scholars were commendable.
District No. 2. This District has erected a neat, well-arranged
and substantial school-house of brick. The desks and chairs are
of modern style, the house is high posted and well ventilated, and
18 not surpassed in neatness and convenience by any school-room
in the city ; and it is worthy of note, that the scholars have kept
their desks remarkably neat and free from cuts and scratches.
The Summer term was taught by Miss S. Lizzie Ellsworth, who
succeeded very well.
Mr, Charles J. Parker taught the winter term. The school
appeared well, and the closing examination showed that the scholars
had studied and made good progress. The Committee regret to
state that several scholars absented themselves from the final
examinations, which is by no means commendable.
EDMUND WORTH, Jr., Supt. School Committee, Ward 1.
District No. 12. The summer school, of twelve and one-half
weeks, was kept by Mrs. E. D. Norris, under whose faithful labor
and kind yet efficient discipline, the pupils made good progress in
study and correct deportment.
The winter school, of nine weeks, came to an abrupt termination
without an examination at the close. For some reason, the school
was not what it should be. The teacher, Mr. W. Irving Pond,
failed to secure the confidence and co-operation of his scholars
generally ; disorder was the result, and difficulties arose which
defeated the object of the school. If it shall in future correspond
to the good character it has at times sustained, it must be by the
united effort of all who are responsible for its prosperity.
District No. 13. The summer school, taught by Miss M. G.
Burleigh, contained thirty-seven scholars under fourteen years
of age. It could not be expected that so many small children
would make a still school in a poor school-house. The tact,
strength and patience of the instructress were tested. The school
made considerable improvement.
The winter term was kept by Mr. Charles Smith, under circum-
stances which entirely precluded all hope of success. The school-
house had been made better by alterations and repairs, but disunion
and discord in the district prevented an united effort to make the
' school profitable. It is hoped that a different spirit will prevail
among the inhabitants of the district; and among the large scholars
in time to come.
District No. 14. Both the summer and winter terms were
kept by Miss Clara F. Potter. The summer school, in the old
house, was pleasant and profitable ; the winter school, in the new
house, was what it ought to be. Nothing but order, and kindness,
and right progress, was found there. The former high character
of the school was fully sustained. Tlie course of things in this
district proves that a good school costs less time and money than a
District No. 15. The summer term closed without examination.
Notice of the close was not given. The instructress. Miss R. M.
Allen reports good order, and a ready compliance with the rules
of the school, and good progress in study.
The winter term, taught by Miss M. E. L. Potter, was pre-
ceded by a select school in the autumn. A great change has
been effected in this school since the school-house was made
convenient and comfortable. This was the first impulse to good
progress. The co-operation of parents with good teachers has
brought the school at length to rank among the best in the city.
The examination of Miss Potter's school at the close was very
satisfactory to all concerned. Thorough instruction resulted in
good attainments. It was pleasing to witness the reciprocal kind-
ness of the instructress and her pupils.
District No. 19. Summer school. This school has the ad-
vantage of an ample, well-ventilated, and convenient school-house,
and can be made comfortable either in a very hot or cold day.
Miss Mary E. Emery taught the school, in which there was good
progress in study on the part of the scholars generally. There was
not throughout all that kindly feeling which makes a school pleasant
both to the teacher and the pupils. Prejudice and a want of mutual
accommodation were manifest in the progress of the school ; con-
sequently, some of the more important objects of the common school
were not secured.
The winter school, of fifty-three scholars, was kept by Mr. Wm.
H. Smart. The register shows a good attendance, and punctuality.
The " task of the teacher was made pleasant and comparatively
easy," by the co-operation of parents and others in the district. The
school progressed and closed with quietness, and a general feeling
of satisfaction. The closing, examination witnessed the diligence
of the instructor and his pupils. Mr. S. says in his report —
" I am happy to remark, that I have found in this district tho
greatest degree of interest manifested by the parents of the youth
and children committed to my care."
This interest is needed in an effort to suppress the use of profane
and vulgar language by those who attend school. Parents and
guardians can abate this evil.
District No 21. Miss L. M. Mason taught both the summer
and winter schools. The summer school so far satisfied all
concerned thai the same teacher was employed to keep the winter
school. She was well qualified to instruct, and faithful in her work.
But the winter school was of little use because of the interference
of some parents, and the neglect of some scholars to comply with
the regulations of the school. Better counsels are needed among
the citizens of this disteict in order to have a good school. The
school closed abruptly without examination ; no notice was given
of its close.
District No. 22. This school was taught in the summer by
Miss Martha J. Richardson. The school appeared well at the
closing examination. The register shows a good attendance and
good" deportment. Good order was secured by mild means. This
school district has a poor school-house, a scattered population, and
a small amount of school-money. For these reasons, the inhabitants
should take more interest in their school. No winter school hag
been kept, the past winter, in this district.
HENRY A. KENDALL, Siipt School Committee, Ward 2.
District No. 4. Summer term. Miss Alma J. Teacher, teacher.
In this school, good improvement was made. Although the teacher
entered the school without experience, good order and a commend-
able interest were evidently maintained through the term, by her
diligence and perseverance. The attendance and moral deportment
of the scholars are favorably reported in the teacher's remarks.
The winter school, taught by Mr. Cyrus Runnels, was neither
profitable nor useful. Prejudice, at the commencement of the term,
against the teacher, rather than his qualifications, proved disastrous
to the school. Had the teacher been unanimously sustained by the
parents, and assisted in the government of the school by the larger
scholars, as he had a right to expect, the result would have heen
more creditable to the district. This school has generally sustained
a good reputation, and it is hoped that those interested will unite
in their efforts to restore and maintain its former character, and
thus secure to their children the advantages of a good school.
District No. 5. In this small school, the teacher, Miss Eliza
Rand, manifested much zeal and perseverance in this new field
of her experience, creditable to the profession, and worthy to be
imitated. The order was very good, and the improvement in the
several branches taught, worthy of note.
Sarah P. Carter was the teacher in the winter term. Nothing
seemed to be wrong or out of place in this school. Miss Carter
has the faculty of securing obedience and a cheerful compliance
with her wishes by persuasive measures, and justly merits the
reputation of a successful teacher.
SIMEON ABBOTT, Supt. School Committee, Ward 3.
District No. 6. The summer term was taught by Miss Louisa
C. Weeks, an experienced an able teacher. She gave good satis-
faction, and the school made good progress.
The winter term was under the tuition of Mr. J. B. Lake, who
kept a good school, until, by reason of the prevalence of the
whooping-cough, a large part of the scholars were kept out ; and
at the end of nine weeks the school closed.
District No. 11. The primary department was taught through
the year by Miss Lucia Chandler, who has succeeded admirably in
preserving order, and winning the love of the cliildren. The
school has made good proficiency, and will compare favorably with
the best of this class of schools.
The middle department was taught during the summer and fall
terms by Miss L. C. Tucker, who fully sustained her former
reputation. The school was a good one, and gave good satisfaction
to all concernfed.
The winter term was taught by Miss Sophronia Billings, who
has succeeded well. Miss B. is a young teacher of considerable
promise, and should be encouraged to make a permanent business
of school teaching.
The highest department was tauglit during the summer and fall
by Miss Sarah W. Stanton, a teacher of established reputation.
She well and fliithfully discharged her duty, and with very consider-
The winter term was under the tuition of IMr. S. P. Jennison,
well known in our city as a thorough and experienced teacher.
Mr. J. very justly complains that, from the commencement of the
term, there was, with a large part of the scholars, but a very
irregular attendance, and toward the close of the term, the matter
was made worse by a fear of the small-pox. The progress of the
school was much retarded ; and the parents of this district should
bear in mind that, without a regular attendance and convenient
school-rooms, experienced teachers cannot make good scholars.
ELEAZER SMITH, SupL School Coimmitee, Ward 4.
District No. 6. In preparing the report of schools in this
district, the Committee would commence by saying, that they shall
give as correct a statement of the character of these schools as
possible, nothing withholding where praise is due, nothing adding
where merit is wanting.
There have been kept five schools in this district during the past
year — one high, two intermediate, and two primary schools, divided
into two terms, summer and winter.
The summer term of the high school was kept by Miss Josephine
Pickering. During this time the order of the school has been ex-
cellent. Order is what we first look for when we enter a school-
room. A school well disciplined is generally a school well
instructed, and a school well diciplined and well instructed is
generally a school which makes encouraging progress. In our
visits to this teacher's department, we have inferred that, in our
higher class of schools, order is not necessarily confined to male
teachers, but that among female teachers may be found some
of our most effective disciplinarians.
The reading was unusually good. It was marked by fullness
of intonation, distinctness of enunciation, and animation of manner*
Commendable proficiency has been made by all the classes in
grammar ; the parsing of the first class was especially^ gratifying.
Equal praise is due to the department in arithmetic. Here the
scholars not only recited correctly and expeditiously, but applied
rules understandingly. The recitations at the black-board evinced
a clear perception of what should be done, and of the best method
of doing it. In other studies, commendable progress was made.
The examination at the close of tlie term deserves special com-
mendation. For propriety of deportment, and readiness of recitation
in all the branches of study, we have not seen the occasion sur-
passed; in the dramatic representation, however, some of the
pieces might have been dispensed with. For the teacher, who>
to our regret, has left this district, we have no words of extravagant
praise. Her best recommendation is to be found in the marked
improvement of the school which has, during the past months, been
favored with her services.
The winter term of this school, kept by Mr. William K. Rowell,
retained^ in a commendable degree, the reputation of its previous
session. In its order, there was room for improvement. As order
ia of so much importance in the school-room, teachers should
study how to preserve it ; when order is attained, the point of serious
difficulty is passed, and from that point both teachers and scholars
may go on unto perfection.
In marking the several recitations of this term, we would say,
that the reading was good — rather defective, however, in the low-
intonation of voice, a defect observable in other schools, and one
which every teacher should strive to remedy. The recitations
in arithmetic, grammar, and geography, were uncommonly good-
The recitations in all the studies have been very creditable. Mr.
Rowell has been very much beloved by his scholars.
In passing to the intermediate school, kept by Miss H. E. Fry>
the Committee are not overrating its merits when they say that its
discipline was well-nigh perfect ; whispering, so exceedingly an-
noying and injurious to a school, has been, for the last year,
entirely banished, its exercises in reading, spelling, geography,
&c., have been of a highly creditable and interesting character.
Of our intermediate schools, we regard this as one of the best.
There is one feature in the conducting of this school which
commends itself for, what we believe to be, its good moral effect —
the custom of throwing the scholars upon their own truthfulness,
in deciding the merit or demerit of some particular recitation-
During the few weeks' absence of Miss Fry, the school, under the
efficient teaching of Miss Susan Dunklee, made its accustomed
The primary school, in this building, was under the supervision
of Miss Mary N. Blaisdell, at the commencement of the year, and
under that of Miss A. C. West, during the remainder of the year.
Considering the age of the scholars, this school has made very
good progress. For such a large collection of children, the order
has been more than ordinarily good. This class of schools is
of more importance than some are wont to suppose, inasmuch as it
is the porch into the great building — the preparafoi-y course for
higher orders of instruction. Here first habits are formed — good
or bad ; they ascend with the scholar into the higher departments,
which they affect for good or evil, and are to the teachers a source
of pleasure or pain. Hence, teachers in the primary schools should
prepta^ tfieir scholars to graduate for the intermediate schools with
the highest possible honors. As, m the primary school, education
commences, it is of special importance that here the twig should be
inclined in the right direction.
The summer term of the intermediate school, in the North school
house, was kept by its former efficient teacher, Miss S. L. Pickering.
This school, under her closing supervision in teaching, sustained it3
previous excellent reputation. Its order was good, and recitations
in all branches worthy of praise. It was with sincere regret that
the Committee were no longer able to retain Miss Pickering in this
department of instruction.
For the winter term, the Prudential Committee were so fortunate
as to obtain Miss P. J. A. Pitman. The discipline of this school
has been judicious and decided, and the order resulting therefrom
has been admirable. There was a quiet movement among all the
scholars in taking their stand upon the floor, their place at the
blackboard, and their going and returning from recess, which most
favorably impressed us. All the recitations of this school were
listened to with much interest by the Committee. Several examples
in arithmetic, proposed by them, were readily and correctly per-
formed. Some specimens of map-drawing, with chalk, upon the
black-board, were finely executed. The whole appearance of this
school evinced what may be done when both teacher and scholars
are intent on excelling.
As we have spoken in terms so justly commendatory of this
school, so may we as justly and as highly speak of the primary
school in the adjoining department, kept by Miss M. J. Corning*
In all of the branches taught, this school has made excellent
progress. Restless as children of this age generally are, yet the
order observed among them was far superior to what we have
sometimes seen in schools much more advanced. We think that
Miss C, who has so long and so successfully taught this school,
should ft once be promoted to an intermediate school, when a
proper opportunity presents itself.
In closmg this part of the report, the Committee would ac-
knowledge tlie essential aid which has been afforded them by Mr.
C. K. West, of the Prudential Committee.
CHAS. W. FLANDERS, Supt. School Committee, WardG.
Six School districts, together Avith three of the schools of District
No. 9, whose condition will be reported by the Committee of Ward
6, are located within the boundaries of Ward 7.
District No. 7. The summer school was taught by Miss Ann
Fletcher. This was Miss Fletcher's first attempt at teaching, and
it is but- just to say that she discharged the duties of teacher
creditably to herself and satisfactorily to the district.
The winter school was under the charge of Mr. Heber Chase,
of Claremont. The teacher manifested much anxiety for the
welfare of his scholars, and those who applied themselves to study
made commendable progress.
District No. 8. Miss Susan E. Dunklee taught the summer
term. Few young, inexperienced ':eacher3 succeed better in
government and instruction than did Miss Dunklee.
The winter school was taught by Miss Mary E. Rogers. Miss
Rogers is an experienced and successful teacher, having acquired
a reputation as such. In imparting instruction she was thorough —
requiring the why and the ivherefore of pupils. Her labors were
crowned with success, giving entire satisfaction to Committee and
District No. 1G. The summer and winter schools in this
district were taught by Miss Mary Kimball. This school is
small in point of numbers ; but, in justice to Miss Kimball, it may
be truly said that she succeeded far better than the Committee had
reason to expect.
District No. 17. The summer school was taught by Miss
Annie B. Smith. This was Miss Smith's second season in this
district, and in point of order, arrangement and instruction, she has
The winter school was under the charge of Mr. Robert E
Hayward. His school, for order, industry and improvement, would
rank above mediocrity.
District No. 18. The summer term Avas taught by Miss
Melvina Green. The teacher sustained the reputation of last
year, in this district, giving general satisfaction to parents and
The winter school for the second season was taught by Mr. Wm
Lougee. In this school may be found scholars well advanced; and
at the final examination, it was evident that Mr. Lougee had been
thorough in his instruction, sparing no pains on his part to advance
the improvement of his scholars.
District No. 23. This is a district classed with Bow.
The summer school was taught by Miss Sarah A. Healey. The
order and general appearance of the school was commendable, and
it is believed that the method, and manner of instruction, was
The winter school was taught by Mr. Oilman W. Abbo>,t. The
school closed unexpectedly, and prior to the second visit by the
Committee, and, therefore, we are unable to express an opinion as
to the improvement of the school.
We ere fully impressed with the belief that our smaller districts
suffer great loss in the employment of inexperienced young men
in their winter schools, in preference to well-qualified, experienced
teachers of the other sex.
JOSIAH STEVENS, Supt. School Committu Ward 7.
REPOBT OP THE SUPERINTENDING SCHOOL COMMITTEE
OF THE DISTRICTS
UNDER THE SOMERSWORTH ACT.
The Superintending^ School Committee of District JVo. 20, in Concord,
present the following Report of the Schools in said District, for the
year ending March, 1855 .*
Very few persons fully realize the difficult task of teachers, or
the perplexities often experienced by Prudential and Superintending
Committees in the discharge of their duties. One of the most
fruitful sources of trouble in all our common schools is a lack in
family government. When parents and guardians are prompt in
the discharge of their duty in sustaining a proper discipline, one
great source of difficulty will have been removed.
The Committee would congratulate the District in the general
good condition and progress of the schools the past year. The ex-
ceptions are, the improper conduct of a few of the larger boys, in
and out of school, tardiness and absences. The conduct, the lan-
guage and the intercourse with other scholars on the part of a few,
have been improper, vulgar and indecent ; and some measures should
be adopted to effect a thorough change, and preserve the schools
from all unnecessary demoralizing influences. The teachers com-
plain — and the Registers show that they have just cause — of the
tardiness of the scholars. From the known circumstances of very
many of the scholars, it v/ould seem they have no good excuse for
so many marks of tardiness as are found set against their names.
Whether it is their fault or their parents', or partly both, the com-
mittee are not prepared to say. The evil consequences to the
scholars and to the school are many and serious — parents are not
sensible of its magnitude. The Registers denote absences to be
more frequent, than can possibly be supposed to be necessary. —
Could these evils be arrested and the attendance be made punctual
and instant, teachers would be greatly relieved and the whole
school very much benefitted. These are matters which deserve se-
The Summer Term of the primary department was tauglit by Miss
Myra C. McQuesten. The large number of little ones entrusted
lo her care, were kept in good -order, and made good improvement.
She complains of a neglect of parents— only five having visited the
school during the term.
The higher school. Summer term, was taught Miss Florilla M.
Morrill. The order was good, and*the progress of the scholars
was satisfactory, especially in reading ; in which there were some
fine specimens. Three of the scholars were neither tardy nor ab-
eent during the long term of four months ; which shows what others
might probably have done with a little effort.
The primary department of the Winter School was taught by
Miss Florilla M. Morrill. Although the number of scholars was
quite too large for one teacher, the order and proficiency were good.
In their recitations, the scholars were prompt ; they articulated dis-
tinctly, and with that power of voice which is so rarely exercised
iHside the school room.
The Winter term of the higher school, was taught by Mr. John
A. Putney, whose instructions were thorough, and imparted in an
easy and successful manner. The scholars made an evident im-
provement in their order and application in the school room, during
the last part of the term. They exhibited an unusual promptness
in all their recitations and illustrations on the blackboard and out-^
line maps, during the closing examination. The classes' in Arith-
metic, Algebra and Grammar, could not only give answers to
questions, but were able to give the reasons upon which their an-
swers were based; indicating that they had been well drilled in the
first principles. The same was true of reading, in which there
were some fine examples.
The Committee consider the examination of the Summer and
Winter Schools as being unusually good, „ alike creditable to the
teachers and scholars. And, in their opinion the District are in-
debted to the Prudential Commitee, Mr. Asa Morrill, who has de-
voted an unusual amount of time in behalf of the schools and in
the care of the houso, and whose labors have contributed to the
welfare of each.
The Committee are of the opinion that the increasing number
of scholars requires an additional teacher ; that from twenty to
to thirty of the youngest scholars should form a distinct depart-
ment, by which the others, if properly arranged, might be greatly
benefitted — and though the length of the terms would be a little
shorter, yet their value would not be lessened, but materially in-
creased. By a trifling expense, a convenient room might be fur-
nished by uniting the two recitation rooms.
In closing this report, the Committee would express the hope that
a deeper interest will be felt in this District in the cause of educa-
tion. It is not enough to prov^e houses and pay money. Teachers
must receive the co-operation and support of parents, and schools
should be visited and looked after. The subject is one, in which
every one is really interested, and let all be enlisted and come up to
the work, and prove taithful in the work committed to our hands.
The Bible, Town's Series of Reading Books, Town's Speller and
Definer ; Colburn's, Adams', and Greenleaf's Arithmetic ; Weld's
Grammar ; Smith's Geography ; Willard's History ; Comstock's
Philosophy ; Davies' Algebra ; Cutter's Physiology ; Botany ; Chem-
istry and Rhetoric.
EDMUND WORTH, Jr.,^
GEO. W. WADLEIGH, I Supenntending
JOHN SAWYER, f School Committee of
SAM'L. F. BROWN, ) District Ab. 20.
The Superintending Committee for the ^d School District in Concord,
under the " Somcrsworth »4d," maJce the follotving Report, viz :
The Summer and Winter terms in the first division were taught
by Miss Martha Farnum. Miss Farnum is a thorough systematic
teacher, and good improvement was made in the several branches
taught. Especially, the reading classes, in the Winter term, showed
a marked improvement, also the several classes in spelling appeared
well instructed in the rules, sounds and elements of the letters. In
Arithmetic, several of the class went through Adams' Revised Edi-
tion, others were well advanced and the exercises, on the black-
board, were creditable to the class. The classes in Geography and
English Grammar were much interested in those studies. Whole
number of scholars in Summer term, 43 ; average attendance, 34,
Winter term, whole No., 53 ; average, 47.
The Summer term in the second division was taught by Miss
Augusta M. Cooper. Order and arrangement were peculiar quali-
fications of the teacher ; exact in every duty, commending the re-
spect and attention of the scholars. The affections of her scholars
were easily won by her mild and affable manner. Reading, Spelling,
Arithmetic, Geography and English Grammar were zealously and
successfully studied and rudimental instruction given in those
branches. The committee were pleased with the appearance of the
school at the examination and the improvement made. This will also
apply to the school in the first division. The exercise in repeating
moral sentiments, and the singing, we commend as having a salutary
influence. No exercise is more enjoyed than good singing, and we
think that teachers should better qualify themselves in this pleas-
ing and useful art, which seems to exert so strong an influence
over the minds and hearts of the young. Whole number of schol-
ars, 41 ; average attendance, 34.
The Winter Term in the second division was taught by Miss
H. Matilda Brooks. The teacher at the commencement of the
term secured the confidence, co-operation and the hearts of those
committed to her care. This is the great work to be done by the
teacher — success is sure to follow. There was a harmonious feel-
ing manifested by the teacher, scholars and parents throughout
the entire term, which may be owmg, perhaps, to the fact that the
teacher visited every family in the division. In Reading, Spelling
and other exercises, the scholars appeared to have advanced and
made good improvement. Three of the class in Arithmetic, went
through Adams' Revised Edition ; five to Percentage, and all were
•well instructed in the rudiments and rules. The black-boards were
constantly and usefully used not only by scholars in Arithmetic,
but by those m English Grammar in formmg sentences, which is a
good exercise. The orderly conduct and moral deportment of the
scholars were favorably reported by the teacher. This is also true
of all our schools the past year. Whole number of scholars, 50 ;
average attendance, 47.
IRA ROWELL, ^
M. H. FARNUM, | Superintending School
SIMEON ABBOTT, [> Committee of District
HENRY FARNUM, 1 .Yo. 3.
B. F. HOLDEN. 1
WARD V. District No. 10.
The Superintending School Committee of Dislnd .Vo. 10 submit Hie
foUoiving report of the schools in said District for the year ending
March, 1855 .•
There are five Primary and three Intermediate schools — one
Grammar and one High school — ten in all — in this district.
Primai-y Schools. Two of these schools arc kept in the school-
house in Spring street, and two in that in Union street. The other
Primary school is in the brick school-house, in which the High,
Grammar and Intermediate schools are also kept.
One of the schools in Spring street was taught by Miss Lucretia
F. Shute. This was decidedly a good school. Miss Shute possesses
aptness for teaching, and succeeds in securing the love of her
pupils. The district could not well dispense with Miss Shute's
The other school, in the Spring street school-house, was kept,
the first two terms, by Miss Martha A. Stickney, and the last term
by Miss Myra T. Elliott.
Miss Stickney was inexperienced in school keeping when she
entered upon the discharge of her duties, but it soon became
evident that she possessed the elements of a good teacher. Her
pupils made satisfactory improvement.
Miss Elliott ranks among the best of our primary school teachers.
Her scholars manifested a deep interest in their studies, and in all
the exercises of the school. The government of the school was
One of the schools in Union street was instructed the first two
terms by Miss Sophronia S. Billings. The charge of this school is
not a very desirable office, except, as there is more to be done than
in some others, it furnishes a wider field for doing good. Miss
Billings had considerable success in her patient efl^orts to improve
Miss Sarah S. Davis taught this school the last term. In the
earlier part of the term, the prospects of the school were dark and
discouraging, but Miss Davis succeeded, before the close, in im-
proving the state of affairs. It was sufficiently evident to the
Committee, at the examination, that the labors of the teacher were
rewarded with some progress by the very backward pupils.
Tlie other school in this building was in charge of Miss A. K.
Straw, who is an excellent teacher, capable of interesting her
scholars and exciting in thera a love of study ; consequently, this
school has made very decided improvement during the past year.
Miss H. Adeliade Munroe has had charge of the Primary school
in the brick school-house. It seemed doubtful at first what would
be the issue of Miss Munroe's labors, but her inherent energy
succeeded at last in educing order out of chaos, and in making her
school tolerably quiet and interesting. The multitude of little
ones made all the improvement that could reasonably be expected,
and Miss Munroe has earned for herself the reputation of an
eflkient and promising teacher.
Inter mtdiaie Schools. Miss Mary J. Wilson has been employed
as the teacher in one of the hitermediate schools. She was un-
sparing in her efforts to promote tlie welfare of her pupils, and the
Committee were pleased to observe evidences of improvement in
her school. Some of the classes in reading and arithmetic furnished
indications of faithful and successful instruction. Good order was
Miss Eliza Grover taught an Intermediate school two terms.
Miss Grover is an active and efficient teacher — very prompt and
decided in enforcing the laws of the school-room. The school
made commendable improvement under her tuition. Miss Grover
having resigned, Miss Susan K. Moulton was appointed to succeed
her. Miss Moulton is emphatically an educator. She teaches her
pupils to think. The Committee were highly gratified with the
abundant evidence, furnished in her school, that the work of edu-
cation was really going on, that the minds of the children were
actually in process of training. The exercises in reading and
arithmetic were highly satisfactory ; indeed, everything connected
with the school indicated the presence of an accurate and thorough
The other Intermediate school was, for two terms and a half,,
under the instruction of Miss A. M. French, who is a lady having
many excellent qualifications for teaching. To say that her pupils
all love her is high praise. Her government is mild, but firm
enough to secure good order. This school is particularly dis-
tingushed for correct spelling. Miss French has been a faithful
teacher m the district, and the Committee deeply sympathise with
her in that, in consequence of severe illness, she is debarred from
exercising her favorite vocation, and they ardently hope that she
may be speedily restored, by Divine goodness, to her former health
and usefulness. Miss Elizabeth S. Goodwin taught this school the
last SIX weeks of the concluding term. Though the period of her
teaching was limited, yet Miss Goodwin sufficiently demonstrated
that she possesses the elements of an efficient and successful
Grammw School. Miss Sarah S. Sanborn presided over this
school the two first terms, with all the efficiency and success which
have hitherto distinguished her efforts as a teacher. Miss Sanborn
is thoroughly educated for her vocation, and possesses also those
peculiar natural qualifications, that prepare one to govern a school
successfully. Under her instruction, the children of the Grammar
school advanced, not rapidly, as they never do under a good teacher,
but thoroughly and permanently. The recitations of her classes in
grammar, arithmetic and reading, were highly satisfactory. Much
to the regret of the Committee, Miss Sanborn resigned at the close
of the second term. They were, however, so fortunate as to secure
the services of Miss Josephine Pickering, a lady who had already
earned a high reputation as a teacher. The perfect order and
system, Avhich had characterized Miss Pickering's efforts in other
schools, were fully manifested in our Grammar school. In our
view. Miss Pickering cannot be excelled as a disciplinarian. It
seems almost a magical power that produces the wonderful results
that were apparent in the discipline and order of her school.
The Grammar school has enjoyed, during the past year, high
privileges, and the several examinations evinced that the more part
of the pupils rightfully improved them. The deportment of the
children in this school has generally been such as to merit the
highest approbation of the Committee.
High School. Mr. William W. Bailey was the teacher of this
school the first two terms. Mr. Bailey is a conscientious and
laborious teacher, sparing no pains to promote the best interests
of his pupils, and to discharge all his duties faithfully. But owing
to a condition of the school, for which Mr. Bailey was in no ways
responsible, it was not in so prosperous a state under his ad-
ministration as was desirable. Mr. Bailey resigned, unexpectedly
to the Committee, at the close of the second term. Mr. N. F.
Carter was elected to succeed him. Of Mr. Carter's qualifications
as a teacher the Committee are prepared to speak in the highest
terms. He is a thorough and accurate scholar, having clear and
definite ideas of whatever he attempts to communicate ; and, being
well trained in all the elements of knowledge, he has a perfect
command of his resources, so that, in giving instruction, he is
never confused or bungling. The High school has enjoyed a great
privilege in having Mr. Carter for an instructor during the last term
At the final examination, several of the classes appeared remarkably
well. The Committee were pleased to observe evidence of thorough
elemental instruction. The classes in French, Latin, Greek,
arithmetic and algebra, would do credit to any school. There were,
also, several translations and compositions read of a high order.
The essays read by the class in Ancient history are worthy of the
highest commendation. Most of the articles in the young ladies'
paper evinced a good taste and a happy talent for composition.
Mr. Carter was assisted, during the last nine weeks of the term,
by Miss Louisa C. Weeks, of whose labors the Committee are
happy to speak in terms of high commendation. They regret that
the limited time, at the final examination, excluded so many of her
classes which would have abundantly testified to the ability and
faithfulness of their teacher.
It is to be regretted that all the scholars in the High school did
not appreciate and improve their privileges. This school contains
many well-behaved and studious scholars, whose respectful deport-
ment and ready obedience are worthy of all commendation. But
it also contains a few scholars as bad as ever disgraced any school,
who, by petty anno3'ances, open defiance of authority, insulting and
profane language addressed to their teachers, and mean and con-
temptible falsehoods, have affixed a stigma to tiieir own characters,
which It will require a long course of virtuous conduct to wipe
off. It would be no more than justice to make a public record
of the names of these boys in this report, but, for the sake of their
friends, we refrain — though it must be confessed that, in some
■instances, the names of the parents might very properly appear by
the side of those of their ill-behaved children. The Committee
have the pleasure to report that, in two instances at least, the use
of the rod TOrified the wisdom of Solomon respecting the reforma-
tory virtue of that renowned instrument of correction ; and they
have no doubt that, if it had been vigorously and perseveringly
applied in other cases, the like happy results would have been
Upon the whole, our schools, during the past year, have been
successfully conducted, The teachers, as a class, possessed more
than the average qualifications, and, generally, faithfully discharged
their responsible duties. The pupils, with the exceptions that
have been referred to, have, for the most part, been obedient and
studious. The great evil of irregularity in attendance, the remedy
of which lies wholly with parents, has seriously affected the schools
during the past year, exerting its discouraging influence upon the
teachers, and interrupting the pupils in their studies.
Our schools ought to be better furnished with school apparatus.
Globes, especially, are required in all the schools where geography
13 taught. A child can obtain no adequate conception of the form
of the earth, or of the geographical circles, without the aid of a
globe. And why should we pay teachers to instruct in geography
and withhold from them the means of rendering their instructions
useful and effectual ? Every school should also be furnished with
a dictionary. The barbarity with which the English language is
treated, both as it regards spelling and pronunciation, is a disgrace
to the age. In the school room, the dictionary ought to stand next
to the Bible in estimation, and teachers and pupils ought to be re-
quired to refer to it continually ; and, perhaps, it might advance
the interests of education if the Superintending Committee were
occasionally to consult its pages.
Some of our teachers are deficient in a knowledge of the school
regulations established by the district which has, in some instances,,
led to an unconscious violation of them. Our teachers should be
required thoroughly to study these regulations before entering
upon the discharge of their duties.
We have received but in a few instances that gratuitous assist-
ance in managing the schools, which is sometimes so freely and
generously proffered, both to school committees and teachers, from
which we infer that the peculiar wisdom which such unselfish
assistance implies does not abound in our district. We should
have been glad, however, of more assistance from parents in the
position of co-workers with us and the teachers in advancing the
best interests of the schools.
It is very desirable that our schools should attain a higher
standard of excellence. Though, in many respects, we have don«
very well, still, upon the whole, wo are behind the times. The
subject of popular education is one of immense importance. Our
free school system, in its general features, is admirably adapted to
secure its purposes, but its capabilities ought to be better under-
stood by the mass of our people. It ought to be clearly seen how
completely it puts the power into the hands of all our people to
secure the best possible education for their children. It ought to
be understood that the rich and the poor, the childless and those
who have families of children, all have one interest, and a deep
interest, in raising the standard of popular education as high as
possible. If this were the case, the suicidal policy of crippling
our schools, by withdrawing the necessary funds, would be laid
aside ; at least, we should never witness the strange spectacle of a
man of moderate means, and having a large family, voting against
raising school money, at the suggestion of some childless, wealthy
man, who has not wisdom enough to discover that the advancement
of the public schools in his neighborhood advances the value of his
property, and the comfort and security of his life.
CHARLES W. FI^ANDERS,^ Superintending
NEWTON E. MARBLE, ( School Committee
PALTIAH BROWN, f of
RUFUS CLEMENT, J District A'o. 10.
Reading — Tower's Series and N. A. Reader. Spelling — N. A,
Spelling Book. Arithmetic — Davies', Holbrook's Primary, Adam's
Revised and Emerson's Second Part. Geography — Mitchel's,
Grammar — Weld's. Also, Crosby's Greek Grammar, Andrew's
and Stoddard's Latin Grammar, Cooper's Virgil, Folsom's Cicero,
Jewett's Ollendorff, LeBrun's Telemaque, Davies' Algebra, Cutter's
Physiology and Johnston's Philosophy.
Reading — Town's Series. Spelling — Webster's, Town's Speller
and Definer and N. A. Spelling Book. Arithmetic — Emerson's,
Colburn's, Holbrook's and Adams' Revised. Geography — Smith's
and Mitchel's, Grammar — Weld's and Smith's. Also, Cutter's
Physiology, Davie's Algebra, Goodrich's History and Johnston's
No. of Districts.
Scholars, above 4 years, at-
tending 2 weeks.
S-joSi3*^o-atooooS — i^Soo-itoooootoSiO
Length of Summer term.
o coo!^tcx-ioo-^!nSSSot£> — -j-toa
Length of Winter term.
5 oo S Soo" Sc3 S So
Wages of male Teachers, per
Wages of female Teachers,
^,'f£SfefgS;o = gi5.S^igg^;S5!g2gg
Scholars, 4 ys. and upwards
att. 2 weeks in Summer.
Scholars, 4 ys and upwards,
att. 2 weeks in Winter.
^o SfeS-J«oc5J^vl~S53c 2^ o o S S5 S So
No. between 4 and 16 attend-
ing not less than 2 weeks.
No. over 16 att. not less 2 w.
.VI ale Teachers— Summer.
Female Teachers — Summer.
^,^-W K._,^_^ Wh-. <^ WK-
Female Teachers— Winter.
Amount raised by Taj.
gg g 2g
Contributed for board, &c.
Income from Literary Fund.
6S — lOi-tOlCtOtSlO-t- — ^OCO^-10CC^U^l-|-►-l-
;■g g E S^^2 js J £ g5 g § S J g S £ g S £ S g S|
Amount to each Scholar.
Visits by Supt'g Committee.
►"i o*.(O^^^D^scn is^oyifi — i— tscoooKJic
Visits by Prudential Com.
S3 gs gsygc-.c.g^§ss.§§rs!^^'
Visits by citizens.
.\o. School-houses built.