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OF tup: 






















In Board of Mayor and Aldermen, Febmanj 24, 1855. 

Ordered — That the City Clerk procure one thousand copies to be 
printed in pamphlet form. 

DAVID WATSON, City Cleek. 

In Co?nmon Council, February 24, 1855. 

Order concurred in. 

AMOS HADLEY, Clerk Common Council.. 




The Joint Standing Comnnittee on Finance., in conformity 
with the requirements of the Ordinance prescribing their 
duties, " estabUshing a system of accountability in the ex- 
penditures of the city," submit to the City Council -their 
Annual Report of the Receipts and Expenditures of the 
Financial Year ending February 1st, 1855. 

We have examined the Treasurer's account books, and 
those of the City Cterk, and find that all payments therein 
made arc duly authenticated with appropriate vouchers, and 
that the several items, footings, and balances, are correctly- 
cast and stated, and that the books of those officers have 
been faithfully kept, and with a system that cannot fail to 
give satisfaction to the tax payers of the city. 

The Expenditures of the year have been as follows, 
chargeable to their respective appropriations in the following 
amounts, viz : 

State Tax, 2,342 20 

County Tax, 3,114 96 

Schools, 5,430 28 

School House Tax, 3,075 00 

Teachers' Institute, , 150 00 

Outstanding Town Debt, 398 43 

Roads and Bridges, 2,689 90 

Fire Department, 2,298 69 

Police and Watch, 833 10 

Printing and Stationery, 503 71 

Incidental Expenses, 350 80 

Interest Account, 740 50 

City Paupers, 1,392 89 

County Paupers, 457 30 

Health Department, 12 00 

Professional Services, 467 76 

Abatement of Taxes, 79 35 

Salary of City Officers, 2,055 00 

City Farm, 475 47 

Gravel Lot, 350 00 

Streets and Common Sewers, 1,310 58 

Reservoirs, * . . . . 236 44 

$28,758 38 

The revenue of the year has been derived from the 
following sources, viz : 

Received from J. L. Cilley, Collector of Taxes 

for 1854, 23,386 74 

Received from State Treasurer, Literary Fund, 430 80 

" " Town of Northwood, 1 14 86 

" for Land sold Moses Humphrey, .... 20 00 

" " Licenses, 49 75 

" from Town Agency, 130 84 

" for Dearborn House, sold, 100 00 

" from Abr. Bean, outstanding Taxes,. 550 00 

" for License, 5 75 

'• from Co. Treasurer, for Co. Paupers,. 698 81 

" for License, 2 00 

" from State Treasurer, Railroad Tax,. 3,726 00 

" " Town of Warner, 150 00 

" for Premiums on Bonds already sold,. 213 83 

" Dividend on Mcchanicks Bank Stock,. 56 00 

" from Police Judge, for Fines, &c.,. .. 168 16 

" from Town of Boscawen, for Paupers, 41 78 

To which may be added the amount in the 
Collector's hands, or uncollected of the Taxes 
for the year 1854, 1,474 28 

And to which may be added the amount due from 
the Montreal Railroad for expenditures at the 
crossing over Free Bridge Road, 700 00 

$32,019 18 

The details of the expenditures will be found under the 
several heads of appropriations appended. 

Annexed are also schedules of the property at the City 
Farm, a statement of the City debt, and debts due the City, 
together with the valuation of real estate owned by the 
City, present value of our Bridges, the property in the hands 
of the Fire Department, and of the several Officers of the 

It appears, upon a careful examination, that the expend- 
itures of the City for the two years of its organization have 
fallen considerably within its receipts, and, as compared with 
the last two years of its Town organization, will present the 
following results, viz : 

1851, upon poll & estate, 184 per cent.; reduced value 92 

1852, Town, " " 147 " " " " 73.5 

1853, City, " " 122 " " " " 61 

1854, City, " " 116 " " " " 58 


JOHN L. TALLANT, ( Co^nviittee 
HE MAN SANBORN, J finance. 





State Tax. 

Paid State Treasurer, 2,342 20 

County Tax. 

Paid County Treasurer, 8,1 14 96 

$5,457 16 

Interest on City Bebt. 

Paid Joseph B. Walker, interest on note to North 

Congregational Society, 60 00 

Paid Mary G. Stickney, interest on note to Fem. 

Charitable Society, 60 00 

Paid Mary G. Stickney, interest on note to Fem. 

Charitable Society, 

Paid Nathan Stickney, interest on note given up, 

Joseph B. Walker, " " " '' 

Mathew Harvey, " " " " 

Abraham Bean, " " " " 

M. S. Farnum, " " " " 

Interest on Parsonage Fund, 

W. Odlin, interest on School Order, 

$740 50 



94 86 



15 40 









For Schools. 

Paid Dist 

ict No. 



Hopkinton, , 























134 39 



60 98 

50 28 

44 73 













20 49 

6 64 

15,430 28 

SclBooI HoMse Taxes. 

Paid Ephraim C. Elliot, District No. 1, 150 00 

" Joseph S. Lund, " " 9, 850 00 

" David J. Abbott, " " 9, 75 00 

" Eleazer Jackson, " " 10, 1,300 00 

" Moody S. Farnum, " " 13, 100 00 

" George G. Virgin, " " 14, 150 00 

" FL H. Brown, « " 20,. ..... . 450 00 

83,075 00 

Teachers' Institute. 

Paid G. S. Barnes, 

$150 00 


City Paupers. 

Paid Albert H. Drown, for 13 days' services at 

pest bouse, 26 00 

Paid S. B. Hoyt, for services drawing wood, &c., 
at pest bouse, • • • • 

Paid John Batchelder, for stores for sick, 

" J. P. Saunders, for articles of clotbing, .... 
" J. D. Watkins, for services at pest house, . 
" J. S. Durgin, stores for Hezekiah Davis,. . 
'' Amsden & Merriam, stove, &c.— pest house, 
"' Jas. F. Sargent, services in small pox cases, 
" Jere. M. Smith, rent & damage of furniture, 
" John Morrill, for sen'ices in pest house,. . . 
'• Jas. F. Sargent, services in small pox cases, 

" A. H. Robinson, for aid, 

''• Joseph Low, for supplies to several paupers, 
" Elliot Braley, for service in small pox,. . . . 

" John Carter, for support of sister, 

" Thomas Keeley, for service in pest house,. 

" Isaac A. Hill, for wood to paupers, 

•'■ Thomas Chadbourne, professional service in 
small pox, 

Paid Jas. F. Sargent, pi'of. service for N. Dunlap, 
•' Jos. Brown, funeral expenses for N. Dunlap, 
" Moses Carter, prof, service at pest house,. . 
'' J. -S. Russ, for R. R. ticket for S. O. Dickey, 
'•' John J. Morrill, clotbing lost, small pox cases, 
" Moses H. Fifield, articles for pest house,. . 
" M. Farnum, for aiding Rebecca Currier,. . 
•' Frank Uoyt, for wood to Sarah Arlin,. . . . 
" J. J. Wyman, for journeys to Fisherville,. 
" Heman Sanborn, funeral service (small pox), 
" John Boardman, for supplies to pest house, 
" N. H. Asylum, board & clothing S.O.Dickey, 
" Samuel Holt, watching in small pox cases, 
" Rufus D. Scales, for articles for pest house, 
" J. R. Vesper, services in small pox cases,. 

" Henry D. White, for vaccination, 

" J. S. Rollins, medicines for small pox patients, 
" John Batchelder, for articles for pest house, 

" N. G. Spiller, support of parents, 

" Charles H. Clough, articles for Arlin family, 
" Kimball & Hoit, for supplies to Abr. Gates, 

15 25 

69 68 

13 00 

8 25 

4 25 

20 17 

11 00 

47 00 

57 00 

5 00 

13 75 

6 60 


26 00 

23 00 

9 00 

174 00 

8 00 

5 00 

50 00 

1 65 

25 00 

4 97 

8 00 

4 50 

3 00 

5 00 

2 50 

32 29 

4 87 

1 75 

10 00 

4 75 

3 85 

13 31 

6 50 

3 26 

12 48 

24 18 

4 00 

13 24 

250 00 

7 31 

6 00 

34 52 

6 25 

2 00 

5 00 

13 00 

11 43 

1 62 


Paid N. H. Asylum, for support of S. 0. Dickey, 

" Town of North wood, aid to Catharine Davis, 

" Bullock & Sargent, balance of account for 

provisions for Mrs. Cilley, 

Paid Moses Gill, on account of paupers at Farm, 
" John M. Dearborn, supplies to Moses Sargent, 
" Isaac Emerson, support of Rebecca Currier, 
" J. L. Cilley, 3 journeys, &c., for paupers,. 
" E. B. Tenney, for clothing to Joel Puffer, 
" J. D. Watkins, rent for small pox patients,. 
" W. H. Hosmer, vaccination of 12 persons, 

" N. G. Spiller, for support of parents, 

" John M. Dearborn, supplies to Wilson family, 
" Asa A. Blanchard, for wood at pest house, 
" Moses T. Clough, for freight of Mrs. Dow's 
furniture from Nashua, 3 00 

Paid James F, Sargent, journey to Warner after 

pauper, 3 00 

Paid Heman Sanborn, funeral expenses of Mrs. 

Wilson, 5 50 

Paid John Batchelder, for supplies to Eleazer 
Davis' family, 

Paid John Whipple, rent of N. Dunlap, 

" Benj. J. Prescott, for wood for pauper,. . . , 

" Jane Dimond, support of pauper, at Warner, 

" John L. Tallant, paid for nursing child of 

Wilson, ; . . 

Paid James Hoit, journey to Warner after pauper, 

" Lowell Eastman, for services at pest house, 

" J. L. Cilley, journey to Northwood after 


Paid Charles H. Clough, for articles for pest house, 
" D. A. Hill, coffins for McCoy and Currier,. 

" City of Nashua, for aid to Mrs. Dow, 

" N. H. Asylum, support of Dow aud Lines, 
" H. H. Amsden, for supplies to paupers,. . . 
" John D. A. West, supplies to Mrs. Barnes, 
" Sarah Kimball, support of Rebecca Currier, 
" Joseph Brown, coffins and funeral expenses 
of Mrs. Wilson and Dickey, 

Paid H. H. & J. S. Brown, articles at pest house, 

" J. D. Watkins, for digging graves, 

" Geo. W. Wadleigh, for robe for Mrs. Davis, 

24 82 

3 00 

4 50 

5 00 

1 50 

2 50 

2 00 

2 10 

3 00 

4 50 

165 66 

3 25 

6 46 

1 25 

11 50 

10 00 


2 00 

1 50 

2 50 

4 94 

$1,392 89 

18 75 

5 00 

7 00 

6 00 

7 00 

24 16 

3 12 

25 43 

3 00 

39 68 

6 00 

12 00 


Paid John A. Cobuni, for coffin for Mrs. Davis,. 
" Levi W. Brown, for wood for D. Howe, . . . . 

CoMBity Paisjjers. 

Paid Tim. Haynes, prof service for IVIrs. Drew, 

" John C. Ordway, for wood for Mrs. Storin, 

" Isaac A. Hill, wood for County paupers,. . 

John A. Coburn, coffin and funeral expenses 

for pauper, 

Paid Charles H. Clough, articles for Co. paupers, 
" Kirnball & Hoit, supplies for Co. paupers,. 
" J. M. Jones, for wood for County pauper,. 
" N. H. Asylum, support of Dennis Scannell, 
" Kimball & Hoit, for supplies to McCarty,. 
" N. H. Asylum, support of Dennis Scannell, 
" True George, expenses of County pauper, 
" Owen Garland, for aid to Mrs. Roberts,. . . 
" Timothy Haynes, for professional service 

in case of B. F. Brown, 5 00 

Paid James F. Sargent, for professional services 

for County paupers, 

Paid S. C. Badger, rent for Mrs. Buckman,. . . . 
" H. H. Goodrich, for services in case of B. 

F. Brown, . 

Paid N. H. Asylum, support of Dennis Scannell, 
" E.G. Kilburn, board & nursing Mrs. Locke, 
" A. G. Saltmarsh, for wood to Mrs. Dorety, 
'• Charles H. Clough, supplies to B. F. Brown, 
" Charles K. Fisk, for wood for Donahoe,. . . 
" John Abbot, supplies for B. F. Brown and 

Wm. Arlin, 

Paid Seavey & Lang, for wood to Mrs. Scannell, 

" G. Knowles, for digging grave, 

J. D. A. West, for supplies to paupers,. . . . 
" James Thompson, supplies to Richard Lee, 
" N. H. Asylum, for support of D. Scannell, 

" B. F. Dow, for wood to B. F. Brown, 

" G. W. Leavitt, for wood for Robinson,. . . . 
" Joseph Brown, for coffin, robe, and funeral 
expenses of Joseph Master, 6 00 

50 75 

50 00 

16 00 

29 57 

12 50 

4 00 

11 38 

4 75 

12 70 

10 00 

2 00 

6 00 

8 37 

32 81 

2 00 

5 12 


Paid Michael Kelby, board for pauper, 

" James Hoit, wood for Mrs. Dorety , 

" C. T. Gage, prof, service for Mrs. Locke,. 

" George W. Ela, for services in relation to 

Wm. Barnes, 

Paid Robert C. Osgood, for Donahoe and Darby, 

IisiproveiEseat of City Faa-sai. 

Paid Wm. Bedell, for wagon, 

" George Hutchins & Co., for shingles,.... 

" Hiram Farnum, for building wall and fence, 

" George D. Abbot, for materials and painting. 

" R. L. Hall, repairs on building, 

" Rixford & Bunker, for sash, 

" Charles H. Clough, for lumber and nails,. . 

" Emerson & Cutting, for lumber, 

" Wm. H. Page, for room paper, 

" Moore & Cilley, for sheet lead,.# 

" George Hutchins & Co., lime and lumber, 

" G. Sanders & Co., for stove and apparatus, 

" John Abbot, building gate, repairing fence, 

2 00 

5 00 

6 00 

2 00 

10 27 

$457 30 

60 00 



27 20 





4 60 















$475 47 

Outstanding Towbi I>el>4. 

Paid M. C. M. F. I. Co., insuring Burgin house. 14 11 

" Wm. P. & T. H. Ford, iron castings, I 20 

" J. B. Walker, in aid of History of Concord, 

as per vote, 300 00 

Paid J. D. Norton, in aid of temperance, as per 

vote of town, 75 00 

Paid Jonathan P. Leavitt, plank for bridge, 1853, 8 12 

$398 43 

Health Department. 

Paid E. H. Parker, Health Officer, 6 00 

" Timothy Haynes, Health officer, 6 00 

$12 00 


Roads and Bridges. 

Paid James Prescott & Co., 30 25 

" Adna S. Fowler, for work on hill, near jail, 7 00 

" E. S. Horner, for 1 day's work 1 50 

" Clark & Nutting, stone work, 10 60 

" Abel Baker, work done on Pleasant street, 3 75 

" Barney Mahon, work done on Main street,. 7 50 

" True George, work on hill near jail, 14 18 

" J. D. Watkins, labor on road, and snowing 

Fisherville Bridge, 8 75 

Paid Concord R. R., graveUing road near South 

Church, 18 50 

Paid David Abbot, Jun., labor on highway and 

snowing bridge, 

Paid B. G. Davis, repair of highways, 

" Heman Sanborn, snowing bridge to March 

7th, 1854, 

Paid Benj. Parker, for surveying road to Farnum's 


Paid Luther M. Hoit, snowing Horse Hill bridge, 
Abel B. Holt, si^^cial repairs on F. B. road, 
David Abbot, 2d, rubble at S. Falls bridge, 

Jeremiah P. Boyes, for land damage, 

J. F. Potter, for repairs on highway, 

James F. Lund, for planking materials,. . . 
Reuben K. Abbot, work on new road near 


Paid Samuel Hutchins, lumber, & labor on road 

and bridge, 

Paid L. P. Boyes, making road in District No. 1, 

Paid Aaron Q. Farnum , putting up railing on bank, 

" A. B. Holt, labor, and plank for bridges and 


Paid Wm. T. Locke, work on road over D. Plain, 
" John Langley, material &, work on Soucook 

bridge, -. 

Paid Sam. L. Baker, work on Hopkinton new road, 
" Atkinson Webster, for timber, and labor on 


Paid Town of Pembroke, material and labor at 

Soucook bridge, 

Paid Thomas D. Potter, work on highway, 

" B. G. Davis, work on bridges near his house, 

10 42 

7 00 

7 50 

2 00 


887 84 

256 00 

50 00 

7 70 

44 22 

25 00 

182 43 

50 00 

5 50 

164 51 

36 12 

80 88 

63 73 

7 14 

16 60 

10 00 

4 53 


Paid John Ewer, lumber for Lovejoy's bridge,. 
" Carlton Heath, plank for Turkey Pond bridge, 
" Benjamin Hoit, cutting brush on Bog road, 
" William Pecker, work at Federal bridge,. . 
" Robert B. Hoit, snowing Horse Hill bridge, 

and hauling plank, 

Paid James Weeks, hauling stone for reservoirs 

and culverts, and labor on road, 

Paid Reuben Goodwin, work at S. F. Bridge hill, 
" Samuel Flutchins, work at S. F. Bridge hill, 
" Amos Sawyer, plank & work at R. R. bridge, 
" A. H. Coleman, culvert and rubbling near 

N. White's, 

Paid M. B. Abbot, plank for bridge near his house, 
" Hazen Abbot, lumber for water course, near 

his house, 

Paid Joseph S. Lund, plank at Soucook bridge^ 
'• Geo. G. Virgin, moving wall & breaking road, 
" Stephen Brown, extra highway work, 1853, 
" John Pettingill, highway work on Pleasant 

street, 1853, 

Paid Augustine C. Carter, extra highway work in 

his district, 

Paid Isaac Eastman, putting up guide boards, &c., 

" Moses Shute, work on culvert. 

" Daniel Farnum, for making new highway to 

Farnum's mills, 

Paid George D. Abbot, for street signs, 

" C. H. Sanborn, repair on Federal bridge,. 

" Lowell Eastman, plank for bridges, 

" Alex. Nichols, flagging stone for culverts,. 


Paid Luther Roby & Son, 
" J.D.Fife, 

17 58 

12 35 

6 00 

6 34 

6 00 

109 96 

10 00 

10 00 

3 00 

16 00 

3 77 

2 35 

7 52 
6 75 

88 58 

45 86 

4 00 
1 40 
9 00 

100 00 

98 08 


10 18 

92 28 

$2,689 90 

173 72 
62 72 

8236 44 

Oravel L.ot on Warren Street. 

Paid Brown & Lund, , 

350 00 


Streets asid Coibsmioii Sewers. 

Paid H. M. Robinson, for making drain near 

Farrington's liouse, 

Paid James F. Lund, making sewer on State-st., 
" Stephen Brown, making sewer on School-st., 


Paid Alexander & Sargent, stone for culvert in 


" John & Jeremiah Mills, making sewer on 


Paid Seba Mills, work on drains and crossings,. 
" Jeremiah Mills, work on culvert, near Dea. 


Paid John Mills, work on culverts, 

" Jacob Hoit, grates for cess pools, 

" Josiah Sanborn, drawing stone from P. Farm, 
" C. & Ira Abbot, work on culvert on Bos road. 


Paid A. C. Pierce, Assessor, 

" Enos Blake, Assessor, 

" Nathan Stickney, Assessor, making taxes,. 

" Nathan Chandler, Assessor, 

" William Pecker, Assessor, 

" John Abbot, Assessor, 

" Joseph Low, Mayor, 

" J. E. Lang, City Treasurer, 

" David Watson, City Clerk, 

" Amos Hadley, Clerk of Common Council, 

" J. L. Cillcy, Marshal and Collector, 

" Wm. H. Bartlett, City Solicitor, 

" Josiah Stevens, Police Judge, 

" S. B. Larkin, special services in 1853,. ... 

" Samuel Coffin, special services, 

" Wm. Abbot, Jun., Assessor, 

*' G. W. Ordway, superintending repairs at 

railroad bridge and culverts, 

Paid Superintending School Committee, 

" Moses Gill, Overseer of Poor Farm,. ..... 

49 85 

595 47 

102 29 

213 40 

85 36 

52 00 

47 25 

57 00 

30 30 

38 41 

39 25 

$1,310 58 

25 00 

28 00 

68 00 

12 00 

12 00 

16 00 

200 00 

50 00 

200 00 

75 00 

450 00 

50 00 

250 00 

2 00 

44 00 

13 00 

10 00 

150 00 

400 00 

$2,055 00 


ContiiigcHcics of Fire I>cpas-tutient. 

Paid H. M. Kobinson, aqueduct, 

" John Sawyer, stone for Engine house,. . . . 

" Asa H. Morrill, work on Engine house,. . o 

" P. M. Smith, wall for Engine house, 

" H. Rolfe & Sons, boards for Engine house, 

" John Emerson, pair of belts, 

" Blackmer & Walker, plated figures for No. 3, 

" George Dame, hauling engine to fire, 

" Moses Ordway, oil cask and setting, 

" Warde & Walker, rope for engine, 

" Blackmer & Walker, silver figures for No. 7, 

" Durrill Smart, for moving Engine house,. . 

" Charles K. West, for damage to fence,. . . . 

" Dexter W. Smith, hauling engines to fires, 

" Dexter W. Smith, loss of horse, 

" Shclton & Cheever, for hose, 

" O. G. Ingalls, repairing hooks and hose,. . 

" J. C. Harvey, repairing Engine No. 5,. . . . 

" J. J. Wyman, work on reservoirs, 

" Jefferson Noyes, work on Engine house,. . 

" L. P. Fuller, work on engine apparatus,. . . 

" W. P. Hardy, articles for Engine Cos. 3 & 4, 

" Smart & Sewall, drawing engine to fires,. . 

" J. C. Osgood, care of engine and hose,. . . . 

" Brown & Morgan, oil for engines, 

" A. B. Holt, keys for engine men, and work 

on reservoirs, . ." 

Paid Samuel L. Currier, for drawing engine to 

McConnell's mills, (less $1.50) 

Paid Samuel M. Griffin, repair of Engine No. 2, 

" N. Y. & C. G. Co. , for drawing engine to fire, 

'• D. Symonds, repairing buckets, 

" L. D. Sherburn, drawing engine to fire,. . . 

" Blackmer & Walker, figures for No. 1,. . . 

" J. D. A. West, books and fluid, 

" F. A. Fiske & Co., wood for Engine No. 2, 

" J. D. Teel, 6 lbs. tallow for Engine No. 2, 

" H. H. Holt, services as steward, 

" H. P. Moore, painting Engine No. 7, 

" S. B. Marston, repairing Engine No. 2,. . . 

" James Prescott, horses to fires on the Plains, 

" Rosea Fessenden, work on hose and buckets, 

1 00 

1 25 

2 00 

3 13 

11 05 


3 86 

1 37 

2 28 

2 24 

6 67 

21 00 

2 00 

8 50 

100 00 

81 50 

5 00 

10 40 

2 50 


37 13 

3 69 

3 00 

16 48 

9 38 

15 75 

6 50 

12 00 

2 00 

10 88 

1 00 

5 17 

1 90 

2 50 


27 50 

6 50 


10 00 

26 87 


Paid D. S. Webster, hauling engines to fires,. . . 

" Seba Mills, repairing reservoirs, 

" Tallant & Savory, hauling engines to fires, 

" True Osgood, services as Assistant Engineer, 

" H. M. Robinson, water from aqueduct,. . . . 

" Lowell Eastman, plank and brake-poles for 

" Nos. 2, 3 &4, 







13 00 





$516 41 

Pay of Fire Departmemt. 

Paid A. H. Drown, for No. 8 Engine men, 1853, 92 00 

" Horace H. Holt, annual allowance & special 

service of No. 2 Engine men, 413 75 

Paid Caleb Parker, annual allowance and special 

service of No. 3 Engine men,. 355 55 

Paid C. I. Elliot, annual allowance and special 

service of No. 4 Engine men, 421 13 

Paid John Abbot, annual allowance and special 

service of No. 6 Engine men, 192 30 

Paid C. E. Robinson, annual allowance & special 

service of No. 7 Engine men, 194 15 

Paid A. H. Drown, annual allowance and special 

service of No. 8 Engine men, 113 40 


$1,782 28 

Watch and Police. 

d A. H. Drown, services as Assistant Marshal, 33 05 

C. W. Harvey, 42 

Gas Light Company, .....,.,>, 7 50 

J. J. Wyman, night watch 89 OO 

S. B. Whicher, night watch, 89 00 

J. J. Wyman, night watch,. 61 00 

Gas Light Company, 2 63 

J. J. Wyman, night watch, 35 00 

J. M. Ordway, night watch, 9 00 

Gas Light Company, 3 75 

S. B. Whicher, night watch, 153 00 

George C. Robinson, police services, 31 71 

Isaac Eastman, police services, 4 00 

James Hoit, police services, 4 50 

John Pettingill, services as Deputy Sheriff, 7 15 


Paid J, J. Wyman, night watch, 

" C. D. Drew, police service and night watch, 

" S. B. Whicher, night and day watch, 

" Gas Light Company, 

" Charles H. Norton, rent for Marshal and 

Police Judge room, 

Paid J. J. Wyman, police service, 

" J. L. Cillcy, extra watch & expense at fires, 
." G. C. Houston, 1 day's police service 

" Lowell Eastman, police & engineer services, 

*' John L. Tallant, wood for Marshal's office. 

6 00 

1 50 

145 00 

15 20 

45 63 

3 00 

27 50 

1 50 

52 31 

4 75 


Abatement of Taxes foy orders on Treasury. 

Paid Josiah Stevens, 3 05 

" S. A. Kimball, 5 49 

" James C. VVhittemore, 3 05 

" Thomas W. Young, 7 93 

" Charles Libbey, 1852, 3 65 

" James R. Chase, 4 37 

" Caleb Keith, 1 40 

" Joseph W. Prescott, 5 80 

" Calvin Mooney, , . . . . 1 16 

" Kobert Eastman, 1 40 

" Aaron Eastabrook, 2 12 

" David Bartlett, 1 44 

" Caleb Brown, 1 44 

" John Kelley, 5 06 

" James Sanborn, 4 80 

" C. A. W. Folsom, 1 22 

" John Eastman, 7 20 

" J. R. C. Hoit, 1 44 

" Thomas Tewksbury, 4 32 

" William Haywood, 76 

" Zebulon Smith 57 

" M. M. Tallant, 19 

" John Ewer, 1 52 

" Isaac F. Hoit, 65 

" Daniel Marden, 5 84 

" Joseph Robinson, , 3 48 

$79 35 



Paid Moses Cass, cleaning roonns, 

" Wm. Beedle, wood for Clerk's office 

" Richard Sargent, sawing wood, 

" C. & E. Savory, damage to carriage, 

" Seth Eastman, expenses Butterfield's inquest, 

" M. Bigelow, stamp for Auditors of account, 

" J. J. Wyman, setting glass at Clerk's office, 

" Geo. W. Parsons, damage to horse at Free 


Paid Post Office account, 

" Moses Cass, cleaning rooms for City Council, 

" Post Office account, 

" David Watson, assistance to Assessors,. . . . 

" M. C. Mutual Fire Insurance Co., insurance, 

" J. J. Clark, damage to wagon and furniture, 

" Asa Parker, use of room for ward meeting, 

" Post Office account, 

" John Eaton, sawing wood, 

" J, W. Batchelder, pest house burnt, 

" C. S. Colby, by damage defect of highway. 
Paid B. F. Watson, enrolling militia, 

" James H. Chase, for stove, 

" John Eaton, sawing wood, 

" Jacob Jenness, damage to wagon, 

" L. L. Mower, enrolling militia, 1853 & 1854, 

" J. Eastman, use of room for ward meeting, 

" Moses Cass, cleaning room for City Council, 

" B. F. Gale, surveying, 

" Post Office account, 

" Joel Frazier, work on highway, 

" Merrimack County, wood, 

" Lincoln & Shaw, rent of Marshal's room,. 

" J. L. Cilley, cost on executions, 

" J. C. Flanders, services as Referee, 

" Daniel A. Hill, cases for Clerk's office,. . . . 

" School District 19, room for ward meeting, 

" School District 3, use of room, 

" J. L. Cilley, wood for Marshal's office and 
Police Court, 

Paid S, C. Badger, surveying in 1850 & 1852,. 

3 00 

4 00 

1 00 

3 00 

30 42 

6 12 


25 00 

1 30 

6 00 

2 31 

26 50 

14 70 

13 55 

2 00 

3 00 

2 75 

20 00 

20 00 

5 00 

3 25 

3 00 


10 00 

6 00 

1 00 

5 50 

1 28 

3 15 

3 00 

9 73 

26 39 

13 20 

34 00 

4 00 

4 00 

13 40 

19 00 

{$350 80 


Printing: and Stationery. 

Paid John F. Brown, stationery,. 

" B. W. Sanborn, advertising, 

" McFarland & Jenks, printing check list,. . 
" Joseph Peters, altering and stereotying seal, 
" Norton & Crawford, record book for S. C, 
" Barton & Hadfey, printing 1st annual rcport, 
" Jones & Cogswell, printing Municipal Reg., 
" G. P. Lyon, blank books and stationery,. . 

" Morrill & Silsby, stationery, 

" Wm. F. Holton, printing check lists,* • • • . 
'* McFarland & Jenks, advertising ordinances, 
and printing, 

Paid Jones & Cogswell, blank book for S, C.,. . 

" William Butterfield, printing check lists and 


Paid G. P. Lyon, blanks and stationery, 

" Barton & Hadley, advertising and printing. 

Professional Service. 

Paid Rolfe & Marshall, professional service,. . . . 

" A. S. Alexander, professional service,. ... 

■' W. H. Bartlett, costs in case Henry Hubbard, 

" James F. Sargent, vaccination, 

" Ira Parley, professional service, 1853,.... 

" Asa Fowler, professional service, 1853,. . . 

" George & Foster, professional service, 1853. 

" Baker & Peabody, prof, service, 1852,. ... 

" W. H. Bartlett, costs in case Henry Hubbard, 

•■' M. W. Tappan, in case of Henry Hubbard, 

" Ira Perley, in case of Elliot vs. Concord,. 

*' Asa Fowler, in case of Elliot vs. Concord, 

14 35 





















4 00 

53 46 

2 00 



$503 71 

19 00 

12 25 

11 51 

1 50 

45 00 

10 00 

150 00 

46 50 

50 00 

55 00 

25 00 

42 00 

$467 76 


Parsonage Funds. 

The interest on the Parsonage Fund to January 1st, 1855, 
is $281.80, distributed as follows : 

North Congregational Society, 41 92 

West Congregational Society, 20 12 

South Congregational Society, 34 65 

East Congregational Society, 19 68 

Methodist Society, , , . 14 70 

First Baptist Society, 28 26 

Pleasant-st. Baptist Society, 8 88 

Universalist Society, 26 60 

Unitarian Society, 31 72 

Episcopal Society, 16 15 

Free Will Baptist Society, 6 28 

Christian Society, 5 90 

Baptist Society, at Fisherville, 10 82 

Congregational Society, at Fisherville, 10 31 

Methodist Society, at Fisherville, 3 98 

Universalist Society, at Fisherville, 1 83 

8281 80 

Debts due from the City, January 1, 1§55. 

To Timothy Walker, 5,723 86 

" Merrimack County Bank, 492 23 

" New-Hampshire Savings Bank, 2,480 38 

" Abiel Walker, 7,040 92 

" Ann G. Merrill, ' 2,455 66 

" First Congregational Society (Noyes' note), 1,046 16 

" Concord Female Charitable Society, 2,994 67 

" Moses Gill, 1,098 70 


To John W. Noyes, 3,326 81 

A. Q. Farnum, 534 66 

Simeon Farnum, 212 13 

Abraham Bean, 2,030 50 

Heman Sanborn, 340 1 1 

Nathan Stickney, 985 82 

Matthew Harvey, 1,415 40 

Parsonage Fund, interest, 233 80 

$32,311 81 

February 1st, provided for by Bonds of the City, dated 
January 1st, 1855. 

Assets of the City, February 1, lS5t(. 

Four shares Mechanicks' Bank stock, 400 00 

George Bradley's note, interest to Feb. 1, 1855, 127 44 
Amount due from Concord «Sc Claremont R. R. 

for land damages, with interest to Feb. 1, 1855, 347 15 

Town Hall lot, and Dearborn place, 10,000 00 

Balance due from Abraham Bean, as per report 

of Committee appointed to settle with same,. 124 00 
Balance due from J. C. Pillsbury on list of taxes 

uncollected for 1853, 2,188 35 

Due from Montreal Railroad, 700 00 

Due from J. L. Cilley on list of taxes uncollected 

for 1854, 1,474 28 

$15,361 22 

Estimated value of Property connected with 

Hearses. Houses. Value. 

North Cemetery, 140 100 240 

East Village, 100 65 165 

West Village, 100 65 165 

FisherviUe, 100 65 165 

Mill Village, 100 65 165 

New hearse sleigh, for East Village,. . . 35 35 

Total value, exclusive of lots and fence, $935 


Inventory of Property at City Clerk's Office. 

1 long writing table, 6 drawers, valued at 10 00 

1 short writing table, 2 drawers, 5 00 

2 large cases, 24 00 

1 pine desk, 2 00 

12 common chairs, 6 00 

4 arm chairs, 6 00 

2 book racks, 1 00 

1 book case, 2 00 

1 stove and funnel, 4 00 

2 lamps and fluid can, 1 25 

Shovel, tongs, brush, dust-pan, pitcher, hatchet, 

and sundry other indispensables, 2 00 

Sundry ink-stands, pen-rack, sand-boxes, scissors, 

stationery, &c., 5 00 

1 small ti'unk, : 1 25 

1 Compiled Laws of New-Hampshire, 1 83 

1 Compiled Laws of N. H., in P. C. Room, 83 

1 Town Officer, 75 

1 Geology of New-Hampshire, 2 87 

Foster's New-Hampshire Reports, volume 1-4, 14 00 

New-Hampshire Reports, 3 volumes, unbound,. . 3 00 

3 Statistics of census of 1850, 

1 Compendium of census of 1840, 

2 List of U. S. Pensioners, 1840, 

$92 78 

Inventory of Property at Marshal's Office. 

1 writing table, 8 00 

1 stove and funnel, 9 00 

Stationery, &c., 2 00 

5 sets of handcuflJs, 6 67 

2 arm-chairs, 2 00 

1 Desk for Police Justice, 15 00 

1 copy of Codified Laws, 1 83 

$44 50 



Printing and Stationery. 

William Butterfield, 53 46 

Jones & Cogswell, 4 00 

$57 46 

Roads and Bridg^cs. 

Concord Kailroad, 818 50 

County Paupers. 

Benjamin F. Dow, 2 00 

R. C. Osgood, 10 27 

$12 27 

City Paupers. 

John A. Coburn, $2 50 

Abatement of Taxes. 

James Sanborn, 4 80 

John Eastman, 7 20 

William Haywood, 76 

Marstin M. Tallant, 19 

John Ewer, 1 52 

Isaac F. Hoyt, 65 

Daniel Harden, 5 84 

mo 96 


Salaries of City Officers. 

William Abbot, Jr., 13 00 

M. T. Willard, Supintending School Committee, 150 00 

Joseph Low, 200 00 

$363 00 

Fire department. 

A. B. Holt, 15 75 

Samuel L. Currier, 5 00 

New- York & Concord Granite Co., 2 00 

Blackmer & Walker, 5 17 

J. D. Teel & Co., 75 

H. M. Robinson, 6 00 

$34 67 


B. F. Gale, 5 50 

Merrimack County, 3 00 

Lincoln & Shaw, 9 73 

School District No. 19, 4 00 

$22 23 

ScSaooI Orders. 

Eleazer Jackson, 18 24 

Isaac C. Boyes, 18 24 

836 48 

Whole amount, $568 07 




To his Honor the, Mayor, and the City Council: 

The undersigned, Joint standing Committee on the Alms 
House and City Farm, have so far attended to the duties 
assigned them as to ask leave to submit the accompanying 
statement as a part of this second annual report under our 
City Charter : 

Appraised value of farm and buildings in 1854, 7,000 00 
Appraised value of personal property in 1854,. . 2,521 81 

Total, $9,521 81 

Appraised value of farm and buildings in 1855, 7,400 00 
Appraised value of personal property in 1855,. . 2,811 12 

Total, $10,211 12 

Whole number Co. paupers receiving aid at Alms House, 26 
Whole number belonging to the City, 21 

Whole number belonging to other towns in the State,. . . 4 

Total who received aid during the year, 51 

The expenses for carrying on the farm during the last 
year will more fully appear under the appropriate report 
of the overseer, to which particular reference is solicited. 

We can but venerate those fathers whose wisdom conceived, 
and untiring energy matured, the humane and economical 
plan of supporting the unfortunate poor at a town farm. Too 
much praise cannot be rendered them for their far-reaching 
philanthropic efforts. 


Not least in importance is the wish that the benevolent 
of our citizens would occasionally look in upon the less 
fortunate of our race, notice the look of comfort, if not the 
expression of cheerfulness of the inmates, there domiciled 
and cared for, and, if possible, contemplate the contrast 
Jietween the present and the past, when the revolting scene 
(until the purchase of this farm) was made, at the close 
of each annual town meeting, of " knocking down " to the 
lowest bidder the support of those whose misfortune was 
their poverty ! 

Fully to appreciate the beneficence of the changes, it is 
only necessary to visit the Alms House, critically examine 
the_ air of comfort appertaining thereto, notice the pains- 
taking solicitude of the matron to impart comfort to those for 
whose welfare she so assiduously watches, and notice, too, 
the well arranged rooms, the warm and cleanly beds, the 
ample and wholesome provisions for tho table, and none 
could for a moment believe there was a cry in our streets for 
bread, or that it was a calamitous providence which assigned 
a residence at our city Alms House. 

The discrepancy in crops of the past year as compared 
with those of the preceding, are traceable to causes over 
which no human agency had any control. Our only 
surprise was that the severities of the drought the past 
summer no more extensively reduced the aggregate of those 

We are aware that, frequently, praise is bestowed without 
merit, and on occasions when the recipient was not benefited 
thereby ; but therefore to withhold it from the really deserv- 
ing is neither generous nor just. We cannot close this 
report without adding our approbation to the '■'■ loell doyie"" 
so worthily bestowed upon the overseer and matron, Mr. and 
Mrs. Gill, in the last annual report ; and we should regard 
it alike detrimental to the welfare of the unfortunate residents 
as the pecuniary interests of the city, not to be able to secure 
their invaluable services at least another year. 
Which is respectfully submitted. 


GEORGE W. BROWN, ] ^ovimittee. 

Concord, February 2d, 1855, 


Farm 180 acres, at $30 per acre, 5,400 00 

Buildings, 2,000 00 

$7,400 00 

1 horse, 125 00 

4 oxen, 280 00 

8 cows, 190 00 

3 two years old heifers, 45 00 

1 two years old bull, 15 00 

17 sheep, 34 00 

5 shoats, 50 00 

20 tons of English hay, at $18 per ton, 360 00 

10 tons of brook hay, at $10 per ton, 100 00 

5 tons of straw and corn fodder, 40 00 

100 bushels of corn, 125 00 

80 bushels of oats, 48 00 

3 bushels of peas, 3 00 

11 1-2 bushels of beans, 23 00 

350 bushels of potatoes, 212 00 

18 bushels of beets and carrots, 4 50 

2 bushels of barley, 2 50 

3 1-2 barrels of clear pork, 70 00 

4 barrels of beef, 50 00 

3 barrels of soap, 15 00 

1-2 barrel of vinegar, 2 00 

1-2 barrel of pickles, 2 50 

1-2 barrel flour, 5 00 

2 gallons of molasses, 60 

58 pounds of dried apples, 3 00 

22 pounds of tea, 5 00 

472 pounds of cheese, 59 00 


60 pounds of butter, 

116 pounds of lard, 

180 pounds of ham, 

130 pounds of tallow, 

24 pounds of candles, 

50 pounds soap grease, 

164 pounds fresh beef, 

70 pounds husks, 

59 pounds of poi'k, 

70 pounds of mutton, 

1 sleigh and harness, 

2 gig wagons, 

4 carts, 

2 pairs cart wheels, 

6 ploughs, 

3 harrows, 

7 saws and axes, 

3 shovels, 

5 scythes and snaiths, 

6 hoes, 

1 winnowing-mill, 

2 sleds and 1 barrow, 

40 dry cast-boxes and tubs, 

1 horse rake, 

Horse-collar, trace-chains, and whiflletree, 

2 beetles and 5 wedges, 

3 grindstones, 

1 cultivator, 

4 ox-yokes, 

4 augers and chisels, 

5 chains and 1 bar, 

40 cords of hard wood, 

25 cords of soft wood, 

7 pounds of sole leather, 

10 baskets, 

2 grain cradles, 

2 bufialo robes, 

1 square, 

1 shave, 

1 brass cut saw, 

4 bushels of lime, 

1 set dry measures, 

1 steel trap, 

15 00 

11 60 

18 00 

13 00 

3 60 

3 00 

13 12 

1 40 

5 90 

4 50 

25 00 

80 00 

15 00 

20 00 

30 00 

12 00 

5 00 

2 50 

5 00 

3 00 

6 00 

8 00 

12 00 

8 00 

3 00 

2 00 

4 00 

2 50 

12 00 

1 00 

6 00 

160 00 

75 00 

1 40 

4 00 

2 50 

1 00 



3 00 

1 00 

1 00 

1 00 


15 feather beds, at five dollars, 75 00 

21 blankets, 20 00 

30 pairs of sheets, 

7 coverlets, 

25 comforters, . 

24 quilts, 

30 pairs of pillow-cases, 

18 bedsteds, 

16 straw ticks, 

12 pounds of wool and rolls, 

21 yards of flannel, 

9 yards of frocking, 

4 stoves and funnels, 

2 cheese presses and hoops, 

1 time-piece, 

2 pair of steel-yards, . . . » 

40 plates and platters, ■ 

27 cups and saucers, , . 

80 spoons, 

40 tin milk pans, 

1 churn, , . . . o 

10 pails, 

2 brass kettles, 

1 iron kettle, 

1 iron pot, 

3 pairs of shovels and tongs 

10 tables, 

Lot of tin ware, 

4 chests and drawers, 

2 wheels, 

30 knives and forks, 

2 looking glasses, 

1 pair of andirons, 

5 sad iron, , 

1 loom, , 

10 meal bags, 

1 kneading-trough and seive, 

44 chairs, 

2 light-stands, 

12 towels, 

1 alleviator for the helpless, 

$2,811 12 

15 00 

7 00 

25 00 

24 00 

6 00 

12 00 

8 00 

6 00 

10 00 

5 50 

45 00 

4 00 

3 00 

1 50 

2 00 

1 00 

1 25 

6 00 

4 00 

2 00 

4 00 

2 00 

1 00 

2 00 

10 00 

5 00 

4 00 

2 00 

2 00 

1 00 

1 00 

1 00 

1 00 

2 00 

1 00 

5 00 


2 00 

10 00 



Keceived at City Farm. 

For 12 bushels of potatoes, 7 50 

30 bushels of potatoes, 19 50 

19 pounds of cheese, 2 37 

1 calf, 4 00 

3 dozen eggs, 45 

25 bushels of oats, 13 75 

12 bushels of potatoes, 7 95 

765 pounds of old iron, 8 90 

14 3-4 pounds of cheese, 1 90 

4 calves, 16 25 

15 pounds of cheese, 1 87 

Of the City Treasurer, 150 00 

Of Town of Sanbornton, for pauper, 1 00 

For 4 hens, 1 00 

Of Daniel Abbott, for keeping horse, 2 40 

Of Town of Bow, for Messer children, 10 00 

For 260 pounds of hide, - 14 30 

190 pounds of poultry, 21 62 

pasturing 2 cows, 14 00 

13 pelts 8 45 

2 pelts, 1 30 

milk, 19 60 

1 gallon soap, 12 

footing, 10 48 

12 pounds of wool, 4 00 

5 bushels of potatoes, 3 25 

eggs, .... 8 58 

17 pairs of footing, 7 65 

1 peck of kidney potatoes, 17 


For labor, oxen and hand, 1 34 

" eggs,' 4 00 

" 2 pounds of candles, 28 

" 5 pounds of cheese, 50 

" 1 pair of oxen, 140 00 

" 3 cords of wood, 14 50 

$522 61 

Expenditures at tlie City Farm. 

For 7 hats, 113 

" olive oil, 10 

" 1 stone butter-pot, 1 25 

" 12 bushels of rye, 15 09 

" 1 bushel of apples, 40 

" 1 coffee-mill, 16 

'' 1 grindstone, 1 50 

" 2 shovels, 2 00 

" 1 stove and funnel, 17 53 

" 2 trace-chains, 62 

" 1 cow and calf, 40 00 

'^ 1 cow, 25 00 

" grass seed, 3 79 

" 1 clothes line, 25 

" 5 pigs, 7 50 

« blacksmith bill, 11 00 

" 7 pounds of pitch, 28 

" 1 rennet skin, 25 

« 2 barrels of cider, 3 00 

" 9 1-4 pounds of sole leather, 2 22 

" 34 yards of cassimere, 23 05 

" Catharine Clark, 1 75 

" Isabella Lynch, I 00 

" 12 pairs of shoes, 1 1 67 

" 2 pairs of boots, 4 00 

" 140 pounds of guano, 4 72 

« 3 bed cords, 88 

" 3 hoes, 1 74 

" pasturing cattle, 16 78 

" hot drops, 25 

" 1 rope halter, 16 

" 1 cask of lime, ■ 1 25 

" 1 pound of copperas, 06 


Fof 2 quarts of lamp oil, 60 

" 1 auger, , 08 

" 1 pound of log-wood, 05 

" lead pipe, and soldering the same, 1 29 

" 1 bush hook, 120 

" unffuentum, 17 

" 1 ball of twine, 07 

" 2 pounds of alum, 10 

" 2 pounds of salaratus, 14 

" twist, silk, and buttons, 36 

" 6 pounds of raisins, 93 

" writing paper, 40 

" ink, 20 

" 4 1-4 pounds tea, 2 87 

" 24 pounds of tobacco, 4 33 

" 26 yards of cotton cloth, 1 87 

*' peppermint, 30 

*' 1 pound of pepper, 20 

" pound of ginger, 10 

" filing saw, 1 50 

" carding wool, 2 60 

" 8 pounds of coffee, 96 

" 17 pounds of fish, 62 

" cotton thread, 12 

'' 1 barrel of flour, 11 00 

" peppermint, 25 

" 1 pound of wicking, 25 

" 3 pounds of spikes,. 16 

" 1 kitt of mackerel, 1 50 

*' butchering, 17 

" 3 yards of drilling, 45 

" 1 ounce of thread, 08 

" 2 pounds of salaratus, 12 

" 1-2 pound of allspice, 10 

" 1-2 pound cassia, 15 

" 2 ounces of nutmegs, 20 

" 54 pounds of cod fish, 2 27 

'' 2 1-2 yards of cotton flannel, 30 

'•' spending money for boys, 57 

" cotton thread, 03 

" 100 pounds of cod fish, 4 00 

" 1-2 pound of allspice, 09 

" 1 ounce of nutmegs, 10 


For 37 pounds of sugar, 

" 1 bushel of salt, 

" 25 pounds of tobacco, 

" 5 3-4 pounds of white fish,. 

" 1 pair shoes, 

" 1 pound of linen thread,. . . 

" 23 1-2 yards of denims,. . . 

" 46 pounds of tea, 

" 30 gallons of molasses,. . . . 

" 2 cast steel hoes, 

" 1 barrel of mackerel, 

" 21 yards of denims, 

" 1 barrel of flour, 

" 1 scythe and snaith, 

" 4 rakes, 

" 1 scythe, 

" 17 pounds of cod fish,. . . . 

" 1 barrel flour, 

" 1 bushel of salt, 

" 55 pounds of fish, 

" 1 quintal of fish, 

" 1-2 barrel of mackerel, . . . 

" 1 barrel of flour, 

" 1 pound of tea, 

" 10 pounds of sugar, 

" 1 pound of tobacco, 

" 4 pounds of coffee, 

" 1 bag salt^ 

" 2 bushels of salt, 

" 1 butcher knife, 

" 4 bushels of salt, 

" 3 bushels of salt, 

" 4 bags of salt, 

" cotton cloth, 

" brown ware, 

" 1 linen coat, . . . 

" 1 pound of starch, 

" combs, 

" crackers, , . . 

" 1-2 pound of cassia, 

" 2 pounds of allspice, 

" 2 sticks of twist, 

" 9 5-8 yards of ticking, 


2 61 


4 94 


1 37 


2 00 

12 40 

8 40 

1 12 

11 50 

2 94 

11 50 

1 75 

1 00 



10 12 


2 00 

4 25 

5 75 

9 75 






1 44 


2 88 

2 16 

1 03 

11 74 


1 00 



2 00 




1 20 


For 5 1-4 yards of crash, 53 

" 6 5^ards of crash, 66 

" 3 pounds of pepper, 45 

« 77 yards of print, 8 99 

" 1 bed cord, 34 

" 1 yard of white cambric, 17 

" 1-2 gross of matches, 30 

" tailoress work, 2 00 

" bar and shaving soap, 45 

" gingham, 79 

" 5 yards denims, 73 

" shoes 2 35 

" tape, 34 

" thread; - 83 

" pins, 24 

" hooks and eyes, 20 

" 7 skeins of black silk, , 21 

" 2 pounds of alum, 11 

" 21 pounds of coffee, 2 73 

" 2 pounds of tea, 76 

" 1 pound of tobacco, 20 

" 21 1-2 pounds of sugar, 1 83 

" 4 ounces of nutmegs, 40 

" 4 onnces of camphor gum, 24 

" 6 pounds saleratus, 38 

" peppermint, 34 

" 1 pound of raisins, 15 

" 2 1-2 pounds of ginger, ^ 31 

" 7 ounces of indigo, 70 

" 2 balls of twine, .16 

" 3 gallons of new rum, 1 55 

" 1 Whip lash, 20 

" 1 bolt for sleigh, 08 

" Ihat,.. 75 

" labor, ... 2 84 

- " 1 case knives and forks and 1 file, 85 

" 1 set of cups and saucers and 1 doz. plates, 75 

" 1 barrel of flour, 9 75 

" 4 gallons of molasses, 1 28 

Whole amount, $415 45 

In Superintendent's hands, $107 16 


Stimaies of tlae City Farm for flic year «3i%diiig 
February 1st, 1§55. 



No. "Weeks. 

Joshua Chandler, 


Joseph Pope, 


Charles Chandler, 


Elmira Gilman, 


Alpheus Chickering, 


Catherine Clark, 


Peter Robinson, 


George F. Bennet, 


Joseph Brown, 


Edward Wren, 


William Currier, 


Isabella Lynch, children. 

Timothy Green, 


2 weeks each, 


Jonathan Knowles, 


Samuel Floit, 


William Barnes, 


Catherine Ryan, 


Joel Puffer, 


3 Messer children. 


Farnum Austin, 


John Bresnahan, 


Frank Davis, 


Serena Dow, 


Judeth Chandler, 


Sarah Dimon, 


Lydia Wheeler, 


Lois Ferrin, 


Eliza Sargent, 


Sarah Green, 


Sarah S. Sargent, 


Sarah H. Whittier, 


Rachel Hoit, 


Kate Berry, 


Asenath Davis, 


Michael Berry, 


Rebecca Currier, 


Mary Schenal, 


Sarah A. Sanborn, 


Mary Schenal, 


Emily Sanborn. 


Dan Schenal, 


Albert Sanborn, 



When built. Original cost. Present value. 

Free Bridge, 1849-50 16,753 12,000 

Federal Bridge, 1850-51 15,950 12,000 

Two bridges at Fisherville,. 1849-50 5,150 4,000 

Horse-Hill Bridge, 1 852 2,676 2,000 

Sewall's Falls Br., town paid, 18^2 1,735 

Sewall's Falls Br. city paid, 1853 6,335. 8,000 

$48,599 $38,000 


To His Honor the Mayor, and Board of Aldermen, of the City of Concord : 
Gektlemen : — In accordance with the provisions of the 

Act incorporating said City, I herewith submit the following 

as the doings of the Police Court since the last " Annual 
Report" : 

Number of entries upon the Civil Docket, 47 

" " " " " Criminal Docket,. . . 109 

The following are the Crimes for which Arrests have been 
made, viz : 

Larceny, 5 

Concealing stolen property, 1 

Assault and Battery, 12 

Common Drunkard, 10 

Violation of Liquor Law, 36 

Violation of City Ordinance, 26 

Being found drunk, 5 

Assault with intent to kill 2 

Making disturbance in the Streets, 2 

Unlawful employing Minors in Manufactories, . . 3 

Keeping disorderly house, 

Malicious destruction of property, 

Refusing to show Pedlar's license, 


Obstructions on Railroads, 

Robbing Gardens, 

Contempt of Court, 



Of the foregoing — 

Sentenced to pay fines, 35 

" " House of Correction,. . . .' 8 

" " County Jail, 2 

" " House of Reformation, 1 

Iiccognized for trial at C. C. Pleas, 36 

Transferred by Appeal, 11 

Discharged, 25 

Whole amount of fees charged on Criminal 

Docket, $228 38 

Whole amount of fees charged on Civil Docket, 29 38 

Fines ordered, , 157 00 

$414 76 
JOSIAH STEVENS, Police Justice. 
Concord, January 31, 1855, 

Josiah Stevens, as Police Justice, 

To the City of Concord, De. 

To Cash received- for fees, fines and Blanks, as 

per specification on Book Account, $214 50 

By Cash paid John D. Norton for Blanks, &c., 

as per Bill,. , $ 33 00 

By Blanks and Stationery, 1 34 

" Six days as Special Justice last year, 12 00 

" Cash paid City Treasurer as per receipt, .... 168 16 

$214 50 

From the records it appears that there are a number of Bills 
of cost remaining in the hands of True George, late Jailor 
for the County of Merrimack, unaccounted for and due the 

JOSIAH STEVENS, Folia Justice. 

Concord, January 31, 1855. 


To his Honor the Mayor, ami Board of Aldermen of the City oj Concord i 

The undersigned, Chief Engineer of the Fire Department*, 
asks leave to report, that the present fire department of the 
City consists of six regular and two volunteer Engine 
Companies, together with a Hook and Ladder Company, 
numbered and located as follows : 

No. 1, volunteer at North End Main-st., 

No. 2, at North End State-st., 

No. 3, at South End Main-st, 

No. 4, on Warren-st., 

No. 5, Volunteer, near Freight Depot, 

No. 6, at West Village, 

No. 7, at East Village, 

No. 8, at Fisherville, 

No. 1, Hook and Ladder Company, on Warren-st. 

The Engines, Hose, Hose Carriages, Hook and Ladder 
Carriage, including other apparatus and buildings, are all in 
good repair, and has been so kept by those to whose care 
the property have been entrusted. A small amount of new 
hose, however, is wanted in place of that which time and 
service has rendered unreliable. 

Since the first of August last, owing in part to the unusual 
dryness of a portion of the season, the services of the Fire 
Department have been required more frequently than usual, 
and it gives me pleasure to state that every member ha*, 
pjfomptly responded to the various calls, and has performed 
his duty in a way and manner, and with a faithfulness which 
gkes an assurance of the future stability and usefulness, 
of the department. 

The department has been called out, since the first of 
August, as follows : 

August 9 — Fire at R. Bradley's. 

August 17 — Fire on the Plains. 

August 17 & 18 — Fire at H, Fessenden's. 

August 22 — Fire at Soucook Mills. 

August 31 — Fire at Suncook Village. 

October 17 — Fire at Brown & Morgan's. 

November 2 — Fire at Unitarian Meeting House. 

December 16 — Fire at Dea. Willey place. 

December 23 — Fire at Porter Blanchard's. 

January 3 — False alarm. 

Company No. 7, on Plains. 

Company No. 8, an alarm at Fisherville. 

The Public Reservoirs are as folIo\»s: 

One at South End Main street, opposite Abbot's Carriage 

One opposite the Thompsonian building, Main street. 

One near South Church, at intersection of Main and 
Pleasant streets. 

Four in front of State House. 

One at intersection of Centre and Main Streets. 

One opposite Merrimack County Bank, Mam street. 

One in front of house of John H. George, Main street. 

One on State street, near Sewell Hoit's house, at head of 
Winter street. 

One on State street, near the dwelling house of Mr. Rolfe. 

One on South street, near N. B. Baker's house, opposite 
head of Wall street. 

One on Prince street, near Carpenter's Shop. 

One on School street, near Unitarian Church, located 
easterly from School House and opposite James R. Hill's 

One on State street, near A. B. Currier's house. 

One on corner of West and State streets, near School 
house in District No. 9. 

One on Pleasant street, near R. H. Shurburne's house, 
nearly opposite George H. H. Silsby's house. 

One on Main street, near F. N. Fisk's house. 

One on State street, near James Tallant's house. 


Besides these are several others, not strictly public res- 
ervoirs, as follows : — Three near Warren street, between 
Main and Green streets ; one in rear of Call's Block ; one at 
the intersection of State and Washington streets ; one at the 
intersection of Main and Franklin streets, and various others 
of small capacities. 

At Fisher\'ille, about 1000 feet from the canal, are three 

Officers and Members of Engine Company No. 2. 

H. H. Holt, Foreman. 

L. RoBY, Jr., Second Foreman. 

L. A. Walker, Third Foreman. 

Horace Eaton, Clerk. 

R. F. Foster, Treasurer. 

L. A. Walker, \ 

R. M. Ordway, \ Leading Hosemen. 

Geo. Brackett, ) 
J. D. A. West, 
J. J. Wyman, 
H. H. Holt, Steward. 

Suction Hosenten. 

William T. Lock, 
George Dame, 
Joseph Brown, 
M. D. Drew, 
A. L. Barnard, 
F. La Bonta, 
Samuel Wallace, 
James Morrill, 
E. S. Towle, 
C. H. Herbert, 
W. Odlin, 
Sewall Hoit, 
C. C. Hartford, 
S. M. Griffin, 
C. R. Cass, 
Wm. Wallace, 
A. A. Moore, 
Samuel B. Marston, 
Geo. W. Emerton, 
John S. Blodgett, 
E. A. Moulton, 

George H. Marston, 

C. H. Burr, 
J. B. Walker, 
Wm. Roby, 
Charles Barker, 
Calvin Smart, 
Thomas B. Sargent, 
H. P. Sweetser, 

L. D. Shurburn, 
John H. George, 
S. Seavey, 
G. H. Seavey, 
William Ballard, 
M. A. Holt, 
W. S. Davis, 
Isaac Elwell, 

D. Kennedy, 
John Richardson, 
M. H. Bradley, 
A. H. Moores. 


OflScci'S and Mcmljers of Engine Company Wo. 3. 

L. P. Fuller, Foreman. 

Caleb Parker, Assist. Foreman. 

Daniel Windmer, Clerk. 

D. S. Webster, Treasurer. 

J. H. Abbot, Foreman of Hose. 

JosiAH Cooper, \ 

Charles C. Thompson, > Standing Committee. 

Samuel Shute, j 

J. Stephens Abbot, 
J. M. Cook, 
Joseph O. Trask, 
W. E. Morton, 
M. H Head, 
Joel Howe, 
J. S. Black, 
Daniel H. Stokes, 
Charles Butters, 
B. Cook, 
Abel Lamper, 
Chandler Stephens, 
J. K. Stokes, 
S. Gage, 

James Thompson, 
J. S. Davis, 
Moses Bodwell, 
Joseph G. Wyatt, 
Luther Lucas, 
John M. Chase, 
Jeremiah Smith, 
Berry Curtis, 
Josiah Bachelder, 
Andrew J. Tilton, 

C. H. Abbot, 
William Stevenson, 
J. J. Pillsbury, 
Charles D. Cate, 
Joseph Meyers, 
E. Sanborn, 
Joseph Lamper, 
Asa Parker, 
Amos Lock, 
Freeman Sanborn, 
Charles Bradley, 
"William Spaulding, 
Oliver Turner, 
O. F. Harris, 

A. B. Chase, 

B. F. Kimball, 
William H. Beard, 
J. C. Eaton, 

L. C. Lull, 

C. S. Colby, 
William Cloud, 
James H. Stephens,^ 
John H. Collis. 

Ofiicers and Meanljers of Engine Company No. 4. 

Chas. I. Elliott, Foreman. 

L. P. Cheney, Assistant Foreman. 

Joseph C. Osgood, Foreman of Hose. 

W. McMurphy, Clerk. 

KuFUs Clement, Treasurer. 

A. B. Holt, \ 

B. F. Gale, > Standing Committee. 
J. C. Dunclj:e, j 


J. D. Cooper, 
Jonathan Sanborn, 
Jonathan Sargent, 
William B. Hoit, 
Joseph C. Osgood, 
Joseph Keysar, 
Joseph G. Alexander, 
Frank V. Osgood, 
Calvin Goodspeed, 
Patrick Morrison, 
Perkins Gale, 
William H. 
J. F. Hoit, 
Perkins Kimball, 
Andrew H. Foss, 
James Davis, 
Wm. P. Foster, 
C. C. Webster, 
A. B, Currier, 
L. D. Boynton, 

J. G. Lincoln, 
John W. Dodge, 
Richard Hoit, 
Abial Smart, 
Jeremiah Brovv^n, 
Joshua Heath, 
Wm. W. Taylor, 
Henry A. Mann, 
Ira F. Morse, 
William Carr, 
John D. Teel , 
B. F. Watson, 
Samuel Edmonds, 
John H. Nichols, 
Joseph W. Prescott, 
Charles E. Mead, 
M. J. Mead, 
Nelson Tenney, 
W. H. Buntin, 
W. G. Shaw. 

©fficea's asid Meuifoers of Esigiase Coiispassy Wo. 6. 


Andrew Jackson, Second Foreman. 
Stilman Hubiphreys, Clerk, 
A. W. Clough, Treasurer. 

Jeremiah Upton, 
B. F. Holden, 
M. F. CLoirGH, 

John Abbott, 

B. F. Dow, 

Joseph Eastman, 

Charles R. Brown, 

William T. Clough, 

John Quinn, 

James H. Emerson, 

William H. Brown, 

Robert L. Hall, 

Charles H. Clough, 

A. W. Clough, 

Albert H. Baker, 

Stephen W. Kellom, 


Moses H. Farnum, 
Hiram Farnum, 
George W. Brown, 
Asa P. Tenney, Jr. 
Freeman Ferrin, 
E. C. Ferrin, 
Moses Humphrey, 
Daniel Marden, 
Jackson Crosby, 
Chandler Eastman, 
Elisha Thomas, 
George G. Jones, 
, Charles Upton, 


Cyrus F. Fletcher, 
Henry M. Goodrich, 
Lyman Sawyer, 
Rufus Abbott, 
Milo Bedell, 
Amos S. Abbott, 
Michael Huben, 
John Thornton, 
Virgil M. Hall, 

Otis A. Williams, 
Augustus Williams, 
Thomas Igo, 
Samuel Ames, 
Lucius Tenney, 
George E Holden, 
John O. Harrington, 
John H. Kellom. 

Officers fiaad Members of S)iigiue Company Mo. to 

Ephraim S. Colley, Foreman. 

Charles E. Robinson, Clerk. 

James M. Carleton, Treasurer. 

Ebenezer Eastman, \ 

Charles P. Adams, > Trustees. 

Thomas Carleton, ) 

Mellen C. Eastman, 
Washington Hill, 

Cyrus Robinson, 
Isaac Eastman, 
He man Sanborn, 
William Page, 
A. B. Seavy, 
Charles H. Sanborn 
Winthrop St. Clair, 
Smith Bean, 
Jeremiah Sullivan, 
Levi Bean, 
James Frye, 
Gardner Tenney, 
Jonathan Kimball, 
James Sanborn, 

Theodore S. Clark, 
Mark Floyd, 
Jonathan Stimpson, 
Abraham B. Sanborn, 
Jonathan E. Pecker, 
J. H. Carleton, 
John T. Bachelder, 
William L. Bachelder, 
Cyrus R. Robinson, 
William Smith, 
George W. Moody, 
Silas T; Bean. 

Officers and Members of Engine Company Ko. S» 

Albert H. Drown, Foreman. 

Jacob B. Rand, Assistant Foreman. 

Samuel .Merriabi, Clerk. 

Jacob B. Rand, Treasurer. 
David A. Brown, Isaac G. Howe, 

John A. Coburn, Benjamin Morrill, 

Samuel R. Flanders, Jared, Sparks, 

Charles W. Hadley, Samuel Holt, 


William H. Allen, 
Nathaniel Rolfe, 
Hazen Knowlton, 
John G. Warren, 
Samuel C. Pickard, 
Abiel Rolfe, 
Charles L. Bachelder, 
Timothy C. Rolfe, 
Sylvester G. Long, 
Charles Abbott, 
Nathan Emerson, 
Jedediah S. Shepard, 
George B. Elliot, 
Daniel J. Pickard, 
Freeman Elliot, 
Jonathan C. Shepard, 
Jeremiah S. Durgin, 
Josiah W. Jameson, 

Daniel Cutting, 
Sherman S. Briggs, 
Albert L. Smith, 
Amos S. Alexander, 
Edmund Worth, 3d, 
Daniel W. Martin, 
Henry F. Brown, 
Benjamin F. Caldwell, 
Edward McArdle, 
John W. Eaton, 
F. A. Abbott, 
E. H. Abbott, 
Joseph Morrill, 
Isaac F. Vesper, 
James V. Smith, 
Grorge F. Elkins, 
Charles W. Chase, 
Moses H. Bean. 

Rffeifflbers of Hook and Liadder Company No. 1. 

Gustavus Walker, H. A. Fay, 

Charles K. West, John C. Hall, 

Robert Cromett, Dexter W. Smith, 

John C. Pillsbury, Lucius Baker, 

J. L. Cilley, Leander King, 

E. C. Eastman, B. F. Wolcott, 

Walter Abbott, James F. Lund. 

Before I close this report, a sense of justice compels me 
to acknowledge the important and valuable aid, advice, and 
assistance, rendered the department on some trying occasions, 
by his Honor, the Mayor, with the Municipal Officers gene- 
rally, together with a portion of the citizens. They have 
contributed largely to the usefulness and success of the 
department, and their acts have carried with them convincing 
evidence that they have no seperate interests from that of the 
Fire Department, but have cordially and freely rendered 
their valuable services, in unison with the department, for 
the mutual protection of the property belonging to the 
mhabitants of this city. 

LUTHER ROBY, Chief Engineer. 




Tax. S.H.Tax, 

Aiken, Samuel, Jr., 1 40 53 

Allen, Ebenezer, 140 53 

Blackmer, John, 140 53 

Copp, Charles, 1 40 53 

Ed^erly, Lewis E., 140 53 

Elkins, John, 1 40 53 

Ellsworth, William G., dead, 1 40 53 

Gahagan, Samuel, not to be found, 1 40 53 

Gamey, Luke, 1 40 53 

Hoit,AmosE., 140 53 

Knowlton, Charles, 1 40 53 

McNeil, William, 1 40 53 

Ordway, Jacob, gone, 1 40 53 

Bobbins, Collins C, not of age, 1 40 53 

Smith, Joseph, gone, 1 40 53 

Wallace, Charles B., 1 40 53 


Clough, John, Jr., 1 52 

Donavan, John & Mary, not to be found,. ... 4 18 

Clark, James M., gone to Loudon, poor,. ... 1 40 

Jenness Samuel, Jr., gone to California, 1 40 

Sargent, Moses, 3d, poor, 1 49 


Farnum, Joseph F., 1 40 

Emerson, James H., gone, 1 40 

Puffer, Jacob, , 1 40 



Gate, H. J. M., gone, 1 40 24 

Gate, Jonathan, gone, 1 40 24 

Cheney, W. C, 1 40 

Crowley, James, 1 40 24 

Drew, Oliver, 1 40 

Emerson, John N., not to be found, 1 40 24 

Fisk, Henry, 1 40 

George, W. A. George, 1 40 

Hanson, Caleb, gone, 1 40 

Kelley, Richard P., gone, « 1 40 

Kirby, James, 1 40 24 

Lancaster, John, 1 40 24 

Loud, H. M., not found, 1 40 

Morrill, James H., 

Phelps, Henry W., 1 40 24 

Pillsbury, Amos, 3 14 52 

Kowe, Daniel,. 1 40 24 

Tandy, Calvin L., request, 1 40 24 

■Seavey, David, taxed in Hopkinton, 1 40 

Thompson, Noble, not found,. . . o 1 40 

Taggart, Israel, not found, 

Tallant, James, 2d, taxed in two wards, 1 40 

Willis, Timothy, not found, 1 40 


Boyden, George, not of age, o 1 40 24 

Burnham, David, 1 40 24 

Brown, Walter, not of age, 1 40 24 

Cate, Peter S., gone, 140 24 

Chase, David A., not in the city 1 40 24 

Colby, Charles E., not found, 1 40 24 

Craig, Samuel, over 70 years of age, 1 40 24 

Coile, John, not found, 1 40 24 

Colby, Isaac S., 1 40 24 

Dow, Lorenzo, 2d, , 1 40 24 

Dorr, Joseph, poor Frenchman, 1 40 24 

Evans, Henry, poor, and gone, 1 40 24 

Ela, George, not of age, 1 40 24 

Flanders, William S. not found, 1 40 24 

Gillingham, Daniel, over 70 years of age,. . . 1 40 24 

Ganty, John, taxed in two wards, 1 40 24 

Gibson, Charles, not found,. 1 40 24 


Hayes, John M., left town in April, 1 40 '24 

Humphreys, T. R. W., gone, 1 40 24 

Hagar, John C, taxed in Wards 5 & 6, 1 40 24 

Hohon, Henry C, not of age, 1 40 24 

Ingalls, Nathaniel P. 1 40 24 

Robbins, Benjamin F., no such name, 1 40 24 

Kimball, Benjamin, not of age, 1 40 24 

Lake, Wingate N., not in the city, 1 40 24 

Morrison, John, over 70 years of age, 1 40 24 

Moulton, William H., not in the city, 1 40 24 

McCarthy, Daniel, not found, 1 40 24 

Perkins, William H., no such person, 1 40 24 

Sanborn, Charles H., taxed in two wards,. ... 1 40 24 

Smith, Ezra D., taxed in two wards, 1 40 24 

Smith F. A., gone, 1 40 24 

Sanborn, John, no such person in the city,. . . 1 40 24 

Thomas, John B., not in the city, 1 40 24 

Wheeler, A. B., not in the city, 1 40 24 

Woodward, Ephraim W., taxed in two wards, 1 40 

Walker, William B., not in the city, 1 40 24 


Blanchard, Eben M., not found, 1 40 38 

Cole, A. B., not found, , 1 40 38 

Corliss, Mathew H., not found, 1 40 38 

Dodge, George P., no such person, 1 40 38 

Donahue, Patrick, poor Irish, 1 40 38 

Dwyer, David, gone, 1 40 38 

Edmunds, Charles G., taxed in Chichester,. . 1 40 38 

Daniels, David, not found, 1 40 

Jackson, Wm., property taxed to two persons, 1 84 

Langley, Andrew J. not found, 1 40 38 

Luf kin, Benjamin B., gone, 1 40 38 

Linch, John, poor Irish, 1 40 38 

Lee, John, poor Irish, 1 40 38 

Lee, William, poor Irish, 1 40 38 

Lufkin, Hiram B., gone, 4 30 115 

McCauley, John, gone, 1 40 38 

Morisett, Eli, poor Frenchman, 1 40 38 

Palmer, Levi, dead, and poor, 1 40 38 

Page, Isaac, left in April, 1 40 24 

Prindible, James, sick and poor, 1 52 41 

Robbins, John, not found, .,,,.,, 1 40 38 


Smith, John, 2d, dead, 1 40 38 

Stanley, Samuel, belonged to Epsom, 1 40 38 

Weeks, John T., not here, 1 40 38 

Wheeler, John C,, taxed in two wards, 1 40 38 

Hoit, Samuel P., gone, 1 40 38 


Barter, David, not found, 1 40 

Burkley , Charles, not found, 1 40 38 

Badger, Jacob, over 70 years old, no property, 1 75 47 

Currier, Cyrus, taxed in two wards, 1 40 

Clasey, Patrick, not of age, 1 40 38 

Colby, Israel, not in the city, 1 40 38 

Hardy, Wyman E., gone to the West, 1 40 70 

McCurdy, John, not found, 1 40 38 

Pillsbury, Nathan S,, sick, poor, left the city,. 1 40 

Shute, Aaron, sick and poor, 2 32 

Currier, Jedediah, sick and poor, per request,. 3 08 

Smart, Moses, not of age, 1 40 38 

Woodbury, William, gone to Bow, poor, .... 1 49 

Hurd, William, run away, poor, 1 60 

Charles Smith, school house tax on property 

in District No. 13, 1 56 

Dudley Ladd, non-resident, did not own the 

property, and it was taxed to another person, 2 88 
John Q. Adams, property taxed twice, non- 
resident, 2 88 

$189 55831,41 

The Committee on Accounts herewith report the foregoing 
list of abatements on the list committed to J. L. Cilley, for 
1854, and recommend the abatement of the same. 



In presenting to the City of Concord their Annual Report, the 
Committee would say, that they have endeavored faithfully to 
discharge the duties imposed upon them. 

In the examination of teachers, they have aimed to be critical 
and thorough ; this part of their duty they have regarded as of the 
utmost importance. In most cases they have found that those who 
presented themselves were qualified for the work m which they 
would engage. In almost every instance, teachers have come 
well recommended by others ; but these endorsements have at 
no time exempted the bearer of them from a rigid trial by the 

With but few exceptions, the schools have made most commend- 
able improvement; for application, order, and progress, some 
of them have attained a high degree of merit ; yet, with this 
recommendation, so deservedly due, our schools are not what they 
ought to be, nor what they should be. During the past year, the 
Committee have given due importance to the duty of visiting the 
schools. They have, either in their collective or individual capacity, 
frequently entered the school-room, not so much to be entertained, 
as to inspect deportment, examine progress, and impart advice. 

The experience of the Committee, during their brief term of 
office, has furnished them a few suggestions, which they would 
offer at this stage ot their report. 



The practice of singing, which is observed in some of our schools, 
we wish might become general in all. Its effects, social and 
moral, upon the scholar are happy. It goes far to make all who 
engage in it " love one another." Some of our happiest momenta 
in the school-room, during the year, have been passed in listening 
to the melody and harmony of these hearts and voices. We would 
Buggest to teachers the importance of qualifying themselves in 
this branch of music sufficiently to teach the art of singing to their 
scholars while in the school-room. 

The art oT icriting, the Committee are apprehensive, is becoming 
too much of secondary importance in our schools. They have 
inferred this from the careless condition in which they have fre^ 
quently found the writing-books. Teachers should look to this. 

In some of the schools, we have observed, not unfrequently, a 
mispronunciation of words among the teachers. It is often the case 
that the teacher is in doubt as to the exact pronunciation of some 
words in the exercise of spelling. This being true, the Committee 
would recommend that each school be provided with some standard 

They would further recommend, that, in all our schools where 
geography is taught, outline maps be provided. But as a distinct 
and correct impression of the configuration of the earth cannot be 
easily made upon the mind of a scholar by studying a flat suface, 
a terrestrial globe should be placed in every high and intermediate 

Another thing which, in some districts, the Committee thought 
most desirable was commodious and pleasant school-houses. The 
unhealthy appearance and feeble constitutions of not a few children 
in our districts are attributable to the small and wretchedly ventilated 
rooms of some of cur school-houses — they are entailing disease 
upon generations of children. The evil calls for a sanitary com- 
mittee of inspection. Horace Mann has well said—" People who 
shudder at a flesh wound and a trickle of blood, will confine their 
children like convicts, and compel them, month after month, to 
breathe quantities of poison. It would less impair the mental and 
physical constitutions of children, gradually to draw an ounce 
of blood from their veins, during the same length of time, than to 
send them to breathe, for six hours in a day, the lifeless and 
poisonous air of some of our school-rooms. Let any man who 
votes for confining children in small rooms, and keeping them on 


atagnant air, try the experiment of breathing his own breath only 
four times over, and if medical aid be not on hand, the children 
will never be endangered by his vote afterward." 

The Committee would urge upon parents the importance of cO' 
operating ivith teachers in maintaining proper discipline in the 
schools, and in securing constant and punctual 'attendance. In the 
accusations which scholars are apt to bring against their teachers, 
parents should be careful how they take up controversy against 
the teacher. It is sometimes the case that the teacher may be 
cruelly severe in his discipline, but in most cases, where stringent 
measures are resorted to, the bad conduct of the disciplined warrants 
the application. 

Another suggestion which tho Committee would offer is that 
committees, both superintending and prudential, ascertain, to the 
full extent, the scope of their duties, at the time they enter upon 
them. Let the sphere of action be known to each, and each keep 
•within its proper circle of service. 

One more thought which they will present, and which they 
can with all modesty, as this is, in all probability, their last 
administration — the importance of making to the Superintending 
Committee a more generous remuneration for their services, in 
many instances arduous and perplexing. 

In closing this report, the Committee would recommend to the 
City of Concord that some steps be taken toward engaging a 
suitable person for the office ot general Superintendent, who shall 
have the oversight of all the schools, and for whose service a proper 
compensation shall be given. A more important movement, as 
connected with the cause of education among us, we think cannot 
be made. The present system of school supervision is defective. 
Our committees, chosen as they are, cannot do what is required 
of them ; and of our committees, chosen as they sometimes are, it 
cannot justly be expected that they will do what is required of them. 
With all due respect for the qualifications of men generally selected 
for the important duty of examining teachers and their schools in 
all the varied branches of education, we speak our honest convictions 
when we say that it is not always the case that all those selected 
are qualified for the position, and those who are qualified are so 
closely confined to their callings as not to be able to give proper 
time to this. Few men are prepared to go from their several daily 
professions to the examination of a class of teachers,, and into our 


school-rooms, and there do their whole duty. But all this incapacity 
and inconvenience would be met and avoided in one well qualified 
man, who shall devote his whole time to our schools, and for which 
he shall receive an inspiring compensation. This saving of dollars 
and' cents in the supervision of our schools is an economy which 
tends to the worst kind of poverty — it pauperises the mind and 

Let, then, this arragement for a general Superintendent be 
made as soon as practicable, and then, in this our city of Concord 
we shall have taken a most important step toward occupying a 
position in education as elevated as that of our sister cities around 
us, and such a position as it becomes the capital of New-Hampshire 
to occupy. 





The report of the several following schools were prepared by 
the sub-committee whose name they bear, which may account 
for sameness of plan and repetition of phraseology. 


District No. 1. This District is making progress in the right 
direction ; a considerable sum has been expended in enlarging and 
improving their house, which is now pleasant and convenient. 

The summer term was taught by Mrs. Elizabeth D. Hoit, who 
was successful in awakening a new interest among the scholars 
and also in securing a good attendance of parents and others at the 
closing examination, who were much gratified with the exercises. 
Some of the writing books exhibited unusual care and neatness. 

Mr. George T. Sanborn taught the Winter term, who says " the 
school has done remarkably well this winter." This statement is 
fully confirmed in the opinion of the Committee. The proficiency 
and general appearance of the scholars were commendable. 

District No. 2. This District has erected a neat, well-arranged 
and substantial school-house of brick. The desks and chairs are 


of modern style, the house is high posted and well ventilated, and 
18 not surpassed in neatness and convenience by any school-room 
in the city ; and it is worthy of note, that the scholars have kept 
their desks remarkably neat and free from cuts and scratches. 

The Summer term was taught by Miss S. Lizzie Ellsworth, who 
succeeded very well. 

Mr, Charles J. Parker taught the winter term. The school 
appeared well, and the closing examination showed that the scholars 
had studied and made good progress. The Committee regret to 
state that several scholars absented themselves from the final 
examinations, which is by no means commendable. 

EDMUND WORTH, Jr., Supt. School Committee, Ward 1. 


District No. 12. The summer school, of twelve and one-half 
weeks, was kept by Mrs. E. D. Norris, under whose faithful labor 
and kind yet efficient discipline, the pupils made good progress in 
study and correct deportment. 

The winter school, of nine weeks, came to an abrupt termination 
without an examination at the close. For some reason, the school 
was not what it should be. The teacher, Mr. W. Irving Pond, 
failed to secure the confidence and co-operation of his scholars 
generally ; disorder was the result, and difficulties arose which 
defeated the object of the school. If it shall in future correspond 
to the good character it has at times sustained, it must be by the 
united effort of all who are responsible for its prosperity. 

District No. 13. The summer school, taught by Miss M. G. 
Burleigh, contained thirty-seven scholars under fourteen years 
of age. It could not be expected that so many small children 
would make a still school in a poor school-house. The tact, 
strength and patience of the instructress were tested. The school 
made considerable improvement. 

The winter term was kept by Mr. Charles Smith, under circum- 
stances which entirely precluded all hope of success. The school- 
house had been made better by alterations and repairs, but disunion 
and discord in the district prevented an united effort to make the 
' school profitable. It is hoped that a different spirit will prevail 
among the inhabitants of the district; and among the large scholars 
in time to come. 


District No. 14. Both the summer and winter terms were 
kept by Miss Clara F. Potter. The summer school, in the old 
house, was pleasant and profitable ; the winter school, in the new 
house, was what it ought to be. Nothing but order, and kindness, 
and right progress, was found there. The former high character 
of the school was fully sustained. Tlie course of things in this 
district proves that a good school costs less time and money than a 
poor one. 

District No. 15. The summer term closed without examination. 
Notice of the close was not given. The instructress. Miss R. M. 
Allen reports good order, and a ready compliance with the rules 
of the school, and good progress in study. 

The winter term, taught by Miss M. E. L. Potter, was pre- 
ceded by a select school in the autumn. A great change has 
been effected in this school since the school-house was made 
convenient and comfortable. This was the first impulse to good 
progress. The co-operation of parents with good teachers has 
brought the school at length to rank among the best in the city. 
The examination of Miss Potter's school at the close was very 
satisfactory to all concerned. Thorough instruction resulted in 
good attainments. It was pleasing to witness the reciprocal kind- 
ness of the instructress and her pupils. 

District No. 19. Summer school. This school has the ad- 
vantage of an ample, well-ventilated, and convenient school-house, 
and can be made comfortable either in a very hot or cold day. 
Miss Mary E. Emery taught the school, in which there was good 
progress in study on the part of the scholars generally. There was 
not throughout all that kindly feeling which makes a school pleasant 
both to the teacher and the pupils. Prejudice and a want of mutual 
accommodation were manifest in the progress of the school ; con- 
sequently, some of the more important objects of the common school 
were not secured. 

The winter school, of fifty-three scholars, was kept by Mr. Wm. 
H. Smart. The register shows a good attendance, and punctuality. 
The " task of the teacher was made pleasant and comparatively 
easy," by the co-operation of parents and others in the district. The 
school progressed and closed with quietness, and a general feeling 
of satisfaction. The closing, examination witnessed the diligence 
of the instructor and his pupils. Mr. S. says in his report — 


" I am happy to remark, that I have found in this district tho 
greatest degree of interest manifested by the parents of the youth 
and children committed to my care." 

This interest is needed in an effort to suppress the use of profane 
and vulgar language by those who attend school. Parents and 
guardians can abate this evil. 

District No 21. Miss L. M. Mason taught both the summer 
and winter schools. The summer school so far satisfied all 
concerned thai the same teacher was employed to keep the winter 
school. She was well qualified to instruct, and faithful in her work. 
But the winter school was of little use because of the interference 
of some parents, and the neglect of some scholars to comply with 
the regulations of the school. Better counsels are needed among 
the citizens of this disteict in order to have a good school. The 
school closed abruptly without examination ; no notice was given 
of its close. 

District No. 22. This school was taught in the summer by 
Miss Martha J. Richardson. The school appeared well at the 
closing examination. The register shows a good attendance and 
good" deportment. Good order was secured by mild means. This 
school district has a poor school-house, a scattered population, and 
a small amount of school-money. For these reasons, the inhabitants 
should take more interest in their school. No winter school hag 
been kept, the past winter, in this district. 

HENRY A. KENDALL, Siipt School Committee, Ward 2. 

WARD in. 

District No. 4. Summer term. Miss Alma J. Teacher, teacher. 
In this school, good improvement was made. Although the teacher 
entered the school without experience, good order and a commend- 
able interest were evidently maintained through the term, by her 
diligence and perseverance. The attendance and moral deportment 
of the scholars are favorably reported in the teacher's remarks. 

The winter school, taught by Mr. Cyrus Runnels, was neither 
profitable nor useful. Prejudice, at the commencement of the term, 
against the teacher, rather than his qualifications, proved disastrous 
to the school. Had the teacher been unanimously sustained by the 
parents, and assisted in the government of the school by the larger 


scholars, as he had a right to expect, the result would have heen 
more creditable to the district. This school has generally sustained 
a good reputation, and it is hoped that those interested will unite 
in their efforts to restore and maintain its former character, and 
thus secure to their children the advantages of a good school. 

District No. 5. In this small school, the teacher, Miss Eliza 
Rand, manifested much zeal and perseverance in this new field 
of her experience, creditable to the profession, and worthy to be 
imitated. The order was very good, and the improvement in the 
several branches taught, worthy of note. 

Sarah P. Carter was the teacher in the winter term. Nothing 
seemed to be wrong or out of place in this school. Miss Carter 
has the faculty of securing obedience and a cheerful compliance 
with her wishes by persuasive measures, and justly merits the 
reputation of a successful teacher. 

SIMEON ABBOTT, Supt. School Committee, Ward 3. 


District No. 6. The summer term was taught by Miss Louisa 
C. Weeks, an experienced an able teacher. She gave good satis- 
faction, and the school made good progress. 

The winter term was under the tuition of Mr. J. B. Lake, who 
kept a good school, until, by reason of the prevalence of the 
whooping-cough, a large part of the scholars were kept out ; and 
at the end of nine weeks the school closed. 

District No. 11. The primary department was taught through 
the year by Miss Lucia Chandler, who has succeeded admirably in 
preserving order, and winning the love of the cliildren. The 
school has made good proficiency, and will compare favorably with 
the best of this class of schools. 

The middle department was taught during the summer and fall 
terms by Miss L. C. Tucker, who fully sustained her former 
reputation. The school was a good one, and gave good satisfaction 
to all concernfed. 

The winter term was taught by Miss Sophronia Billings, who 
has succeeded well. Miss B. is a young teacher of considerable 
promise, and should be encouraged to make a permanent business 
of school teaching. 


The highest department was tauglit during the summer and fall 
by Miss Sarah W. Stanton, a teacher of established reputation. 
She well and fliithfully discharged her duty, and with very consider- 
able success. 

The winter term was under the tuition of IMr. S. P. Jennison, 
well known in our city as a thorough and experienced teacher. 
Mr. J. very justly complains that, from the commencement of the 
term, there was, with a large part of the scholars, but a very 
irregular attendance, and toward the close of the term, the matter 
was made worse by a fear of the small-pox. The progress of the 
school was much retarded ; and the parents of this district should 
bear in mind that, without a regular attendance and convenient 
school-rooms, experienced teachers cannot make good scholars. 
ELEAZER SMITH, SupL School Coimmitee, Ward 4. 


District No. 6. In preparing the report of schools in this 
district, the Committee would commence by saying, that they shall 
give as correct a statement of the character of these schools as 
possible, nothing withholding where praise is due, nothing adding 
where merit is wanting. 

There have been kept five schools in this district during the past 
year — one high, two intermediate, and two primary schools, divided 
into two terms, summer and winter. 

The summer term of the high school was kept by Miss Josephine 
Pickering. During this time the order of the school has been ex- 
cellent. Order is what we first look for when we enter a school- 
room. A school well disciplined is generally a school well 
instructed, and a school well diciplined and well instructed is 
generally a school which makes encouraging progress. In our 
visits to this teacher's department, we have inferred that, in our 
higher class of schools, order is not necessarily confined to male 
teachers, but that among female teachers may be found some 
of our most effective disciplinarians. 

The reading was unusually good. It was marked by fullness 
of intonation, distinctness of enunciation, and animation of manner* 
Commendable proficiency has been made by all the classes in 
grammar ; the parsing of the first class was especially^ gratifying. 
Equal praise is due to the department in arithmetic. Here the 
scholars not only recited correctly and expeditiously, but applied 


rules understandingly. The recitations at the black-board evinced 
a clear perception of what should be done, and of the best method 
of doing it. In other studies, commendable progress was made. 
The examination at the close of tlie term deserves special com- 
mendation. For propriety of deportment, and readiness of recitation 
in all the branches of study, we have not seen the occasion sur- 
passed; in the dramatic representation, however, some of the 
pieces might have been dispensed with. For the teacher, who> 
to our regret, has left this district, we have no words of extravagant 
praise. Her best recommendation is to be found in the marked 
improvement of the school which has, during the past months, been 
favored with her services. 

The winter term of this school, kept by Mr. William K. Rowell, 
retained^ in a commendable degree, the reputation of its previous 
session. In its order, there was room for improvement. As order 
ia of so much importance in the school-room, teachers should 
study how to preserve it ; when order is attained, the point of serious 
difficulty is passed, and from that point both teachers and scholars 
may go on unto perfection. 

In marking the several recitations of this term, we would say, 
that the reading was good — rather defective, however, in the low- 
intonation of voice, a defect observable in other schools, and one 
which every teacher should strive to remedy. The recitations 
in arithmetic, grammar, and geography, were uncommonly good- 
The recitations in all the studies have been very creditable. Mr. 
Rowell has been very much beloved by his scholars. 

In passing to the intermediate school, kept by Miss H. E. Fry> 
the Committee are not overrating its merits when they say that its 
discipline was well-nigh perfect ; whispering, so exceedingly an- 
noying and injurious to a school, has been, for the last year, 
entirely banished, its exercises in reading, spelling, geography, 
&c., have been of a highly creditable and interesting character. 
Of our intermediate schools, we regard this as one of the best. 
There is one feature in the conducting of this school which 
commends itself for, what we believe to be, its good moral effect — 
the custom of throwing the scholars upon their own truthfulness, 
in deciding the merit or demerit of some particular recitation- 
During the few weeks' absence of Miss Fry, the school, under the 
efficient teaching of Miss Susan Dunklee, made its accustomed 


The primary school, in this building, was under the supervision 
of Miss Mary N. Blaisdell, at the commencement of the year, and 
under that of Miss A. C. West, during the remainder of the year. 
Considering the age of the scholars, this school has made very 
good progress. For such a large collection of children, the order 
has been more than ordinarily good. This class of schools is 
of more importance than some are wont to suppose, inasmuch as it 
is the porch into the great building — the preparafoi-y course for 
higher orders of instruction. Here first habits are formed — good 
or bad ; they ascend with the scholar into the higher departments, 
which they affect for good or evil, and are to the teachers a source 
of pleasure or pain. Hence, teachers in the primary schools should 
prepta^ tfieir scholars to graduate for the intermediate schools with 
the highest possible honors. As, m the primary school, education 
commences, it is of special importance that here the twig should be 
inclined in the right direction. 

The summer term of the intermediate school, in the North school 
house, was kept by its former efficient teacher, Miss S. L. Pickering. 
This school, under her closing supervision in teaching, sustained it3 
previous excellent reputation. Its order was good, and recitations 
in all branches worthy of praise. It was with sincere regret that 
the Committee were no longer able to retain Miss Pickering in this 
department of instruction. 

For the winter term, the Prudential Committee were so fortunate 
as to obtain Miss P. J. A. Pitman. The discipline of this school 
has been judicious and decided, and the order resulting therefrom 
has been admirable. There was a quiet movement among all the 
scholars in taking their stand upon the floor, their place at the 
blackboard, and their going and returning from recess, which most 
favorably impressed us. All the recitations of this school were 
listened to with much interest by the Committee. Several examples 
in arithmetic, proposed by them, were readily and correctly per- 
formed. Some specimens of map-drawing, with chalk, upon the 
black-board, were finely executed. The whole appearance of this 
school evinced what may be done when both teacher and scholars 
are intent on excelling. 

As we have spoken in terms so justly commendatory of this 
school, so may we as justly and as highly speak of the primary 
school in the adjoining department, kept by Miss M. J. Corning* 
In all of the branches taught, this school has made excellent 


progress. Restless as children of this age generally are, yet the 
order observed among them was far superior to what we have 
sometimes seen in schools much more advanced. We think that 
Miss C, who has so long and so successfully taught this school, 
should ft once be promoted to an intermediate school, when a 
proper opportunity presents itself. 

In closmg this part of the report, the Committee would ac- 
knowledge tlie essential aid which has been afforded them by Mr. 
C. K. West, of the Prudential Committee. 

CHAS. W. FLANDERS, Supt. School Committee, WardG. 

WARD Vlf. 

Six School districts, together Avith three of the schools of District 
No. 9, whose condition will be reported by the Committee of Ward 
6, are located within the boundaries of Ward 7. 

District No. 7. The summer school was taught by Miss Ann 
Fletcher. This was Miss Fletcher's first attempt at teaching, and 
it is but- just to say that she discharged the duties of teacher 
creditably to herself and satisfactorily to the district. 

The winter school was under the charge of Mr. Heber Chase, 
of Claremont. The teacher manifested much anxiety for the 
welfare of his scholars, and those who applied themselves to study 
made commendable progress. 

District No. 8. Miss Susan E. Dunklee taught the summer 
term. Few young, inexperienced ':eacher3 succeed better in 
government and instruction than did Miss Dunklee. 

The winter school was taught by Miss Mary E. Rogers. Miss 
Rogers is an experienced and successful teacher, having acquired 
a reputation as such. In imparting instruction she was thorough — 
requiring the why and the ivherefore of pupils. Her labors were 
crowned with success, giving entire satisfaction to Committee and 

District No. 1G. The summer and winter schools in this 
district were taught by Miss Mary Kimball. This school is 
small in point of numbers ; but, in justice to Miss Kimball, it may 
be truly said that she succeeded far better than the Committee had 
reason to expect. 


District No. 17. The summer school was taught by Miss 
Annie B. Smith. This was Miss Smith's second season in this 
district, and in point of order, arrangement and instruction, she has 
few superiors. 

The winter school was under the charge of Mr. Robert E 
Hayward. His school, for order, industry and improvement, would 
rank above mediocrity. 

District No. 18. The summer term Avas taught by Miss 
Melvina Green. The teacher sustained the reputation of last 
year, in this district, giving general satisfaction to parents and 

The winter school for the second season was taught by Mr. Wm 
Lougee. In this school may be found scholars well advanced; and 
at the final examination, it was evident that Mr. Lougee had been 
thorough in his instruction, sparing no pains on his part to advance 
the improvement of his scholars. 

District No. 23. This is a district classed with Bow. 

The summer school was taught by Miss Sarah A. Healey. The 
order and general appearance of the school was commendable, and 
it is believed that the method, and manner of instruction, was 

The winter school was taught by Mr. Oilman W. Abbo>,t. The 
school closed unexpectedly, and prior to the second visit by the 
Committee, and, therefore, we are unable to express an opinion as 
to the improvement of the school. 

We ere fully impressed with the belief that our smaller districts 
suffer great loss in the employment of inexperienced young men 
in their winter schools, in preference to well-qualified, experienced 
teachers of the other sex. 

JOSIAH STEVENS, Supt. School Committu Ward 7. 




The Superintending^ School Committee of District JVo. 20, in Concord, 
present the following Report of the Schools in said District, for the 
year ending March, 1855 .* 

Very few persons fully realize the difficult task of teachers, or 
the perplexities often experienced by Prudential and Superintending 
Committees in the discharge of their duties. One of the most 
fruitful sources of trouble in all our common schools is a lack in 
family government. When parents and guardians are prompt in 
the discharge of their duty in sustaining a proper discipline, one 
great source of difficulty will have been removed. 

The Committee would congratulate the District in the general 
good condition and progress of the schools the past year. The ex- 
ceptions are, the improper conduct of a few of the larger boys, in 
and out of school, tardiness and absences. The conduct, the lan- 
guage and the intercourse with other scholars on the part of a few, 
have been improper, vulgar and indecent ; and some measures should 
be adopted to effect a thorough change, and preserve the schools 
from all unnecessary demoralizing influences. The teachers com- 
plain — and the Registers show that they have just cause — of the 
tardiness of the scholars. From the known circumstances of very 
many of the scholars, it v/ould seem they have no good excuse for 
so many marks of tardiness as are found set against their names. 
Whether it is their fault or their parents', or partly both, the com- 
mittee are not prepared to say. The evil consequences to the 
scholars and to the school are many and serious — parents are not 
sensible of its magnitude. The Registers denote absences to be 
more frequent, than can possibly be supposed to be necessary. — 
Could these evils be arrested and the attendance be made punctual 


and instant, teachers would be greatly relieved and the whole 
school very much benefitted. These are matters which deserve se- 
rious attention. 

The Summer Term of the primary department was tauglit by Miss 
Myra C. McQuesten. The large number of little ones entrusted 
lo her care, were kept in good -order, and made good improvement. 
She complains of a neglect of parents— only five having visited the 
school during the term. 

The higher school. Summer term, was taught Miss Florilla M. 
Morrill. The order was good, and*the progress of the scholars 
was satisfactory, especially in reading ; in which there were some 
fine specimens. Three of the scholars were neither tardy nor ab- 
eent during the long term of four months ; which shows what others 
might probably have done with a little effort. 

The primary department of the Winter School was taught by 
Miss Florilla M. Morrill. Although the number of scholars was 
quite too large for one teacher, the order and proficiency were good. 
In their recitations, the scholars were prompt ; they articulated dis- 
tinctly, and with that power of voice which is so rarely exercised 
iHside the school room. 

The Winter term of the higher school, was taught by Mr. John 
A. Putney, whose instructions were thorough, and imparted in an 
easy and successful manner. The scholars made an evident im- 
provement in their order and application in the school room, during 
the last part of the term. They exhibited an unusual promptness 
in all their recitations and illustrations on the blackboard and out-^ 
line maps, during the closing examination. The classes' in Arith- 
metic, Algebra and Grammar, could not only give answers to 
questions, but were able to give the reasons upon which their an- 
swers were based; indicating that they had been well drilled in the 
first principles. The same was true of reading, in which there 
were some fine examples. 

The Committee consider the examination of the Summer and 
Winter Schools as being unusually good, „ alike creditable to the 
teachers and scholars. And, in their opinion the District are in- 
debted to the Prudential Commitee, Mr. Asa Morrill, who has de- 
voted an unusual amount of time in behalf of the schools and in 
the care of the houso, and whose labors have contributed to the 
welfare of each. 

The Committee are of the opinion that the increasing number 


of scholars requires an additional teacher ; that from twenty to 
to thirty of the youngest scholars should form a distinct depart- 
ment, by which the others, if properly arranged, might be greatly 
benefitted — and though the length of the terms would be a little 
shorter, yet their value would not be lessened, but materially in- 
creased. By a trifling expense, a convenient room might be fur- 
nished by uniting the two recitation rooms. 

In closing this report, the Committee would express the hope that 
a deeper interest will be felt in this District in the cause of educa- 
tion. It is not enough to prov^e houses and pay money. Teachers 
must receive the co-operation and support of parents, and schools 
should be visited and looked after. The subject is one, in which 
every one is really interested, and let all be enlisted and come up to 
the work, and prove taithful in the work committed to our hands. 

The Bible, Town's Series of Reading Books, Town's Speller and 
Definer ; Colburn's, Adams', and Greenleaf's Arithmetic ; Weld's 
Grammar ; Smith's Geography ; Willard's History ; Comstock's 
Philosophy ; Davies' Algebra ; Cutter's Physiology ; Botany ; Chem- 
istry and Rhetoric. 


GEO. W. WADLEIGH, I Supenntending 

JOHN SAWYER, f School Committee of 

SAM'L. F. BROWN, ) District Ab. 20. 

The Superintending Committee for the ^d School District in Concord, 
under the " Somcrsworth »4d," maJce the follotving Report, viz : 

The Summer and Winter terms in the first division were taught 
by Miss Martha Farnum. Miss Farnum is a thorough systematic 
teacher, and good improvement was made in the several branches 
taught. Especially, the reading classes, in the Winter term, showed 
a marked improvement, also the several classes in spelling appeared 
well instructed in the rules, sounds and elements of the letters. In 
Arithmetic, several of the class went through Adams' Revised Edi- 
tion, others were well advanced and the exercises, on the black- 
board, were creditable to the class. The classes in Geography and 
English Grammar were much interested in those studies. Whole 
number of scholars in Summer term, 43 ; average attendance, 34, 
Winter term, whole No., 53 ; average, 47. 


The Summer term in the second division was taught by Miss 
Augusta M. Cooper. Order and arrangement were peculiar quali- 
fications of the teacher ; exact in every duty, commending the re- 
spect and attention of the scholars. The affections of her scholars 
were easily won by her mild and affable manner. Reading, Spelling, 
Arithmetic, Geography and English Grammar were zealously and 
successfully studied and rudimental instruction given in those 
branches. The committee were pleased with the appearance of the 
school at the examination and the improvement made. This will also 
apply to the school in the first division. The exercise in repeating 
moral sentiments, and the singing, we commend as having a salutary 
influence. No exercise is more enjoyed than good singing, and we 
think that teachers should better qualify themselves in this pleas- 
ing and useful art, which seems to exert so strong an influence 
over the minds and hearts of the young. Whole number of schol- 
ars, 41 ; average attendance, 34. 

The Winter Term in the second division was taught by Miss 
H. Matilda Brooks. The teacher at the commencement of the 
term secured the confidence, co-operation and the hearts of those 
committed to her care. This is the great work to be done by the 
teacher — success is sure to follow. There was a harmonious feel- 
ing manifested by the teacher, scholars and parents throughout 
the entire term, which may be owmg, perhaps, to the fact that the 
teacher visited every family in the division. In Reading, Spelling 
and other exercises, the scholars appeared to have advanced and 
made good improvement. Three of the class in Arithmetic, went 
through Adams' Revised Edition ; five to Percentage, and all were 
•well instructed in the rudiments and rules. The black-boards were 
constantly and usefully used not only by scholars in Arithmetic, 
but by those m English Grammar in formmg sentences, which is a 
good exercise. The orderly conduct and moral deportment of the 
scholars were favorably reported by the teacher. This is also true 
of all our schools the past year. Whole number of scholars, 50 ; 
average attendance, 47. 


M. H. FARNUM, | Superintending School 

SIMEON ABBOTT, [> Committee of District 

HENRY FARNUM, 1 .Yo. 3. 

B. F. HOLDEN. 1 


WARD V. District No. 10. 

The Superintending School Committee of Dislnd .Vo. 10 submit Hie 
foUoiving report of the schools in said District for the year ending 
March, 1855 .• 

There are five Primary and three Intermediate schools — one 
Grammar and one High school — ten in all — in this district. 

Primai-y Schools. Two of these schools arc kept in the school- 
house in Spring street, and two in that in Union street. The other 
Primary school is in the brick school-house, in which the High, 
Grammar and Intermediate schools are also kept. 

One of the schools in Spring street was taught by Miss Lucretia 
F. Shute. This was decidedly a good school. Miss Shute possesses 
aptness for teaching, and succeeds in securing the love of her 
pupils. The district could not well dispense with Miss Shute's 

The other school, in the Spring street school-house, was kept, 
the first two terms, by Miss Martha A. Stickney, and the last term 
by Miss Myra T. Elliott. 

Miss Stickney was inexperienced in school keeping when she 
entered upon the discharge of her duties, but it soon became 
evident that she possessed the elements of a good teacher. Her 
pupils made satisfactory improvement. 

Miss Elliott ranks among the best of our primary school teachers. 
Her scholars manifested a deep interest in their studies, and in all 
the exercises of the school. The government of the school was 

One of the schools in Union street was instructed the first two 
terms by Miss Sophronia S. Billings. The charge of this school is 
not a very desirable office, except, as there is more to be done than 
in some others, it furnishes a wider field for doing good. Miss 
Billings had considerable success in her patient efl^orts to improve 
her pupils. 

Miss Sarah S. Davis taught this school the last term. In the 
earlier part of the term, the prospects of the school were dark and 
discouraging, but Miss Davis succeeded, before the close, in im- 
proving the state of affairs. It was sufficiently evident to the 
Committee, at the examination, that the labors of the teacher were 
rewarded with some progress by the very backward pupils. 


Tlie other school in this building was in charge of Miss A. K. 
Straw, who is an excellent teacher, capable of interesting her 
scholars and exciting in thera a love of study ; consequently, this 
school has made very decided improvement during the past year. 

Miss H. Adeliade Munroe has had charge of the Primary school 
in the brick school-house. It seemed doubtful at first what would 
be the issue of Miss Munroe's labors, but her inherent energy 
succeeded at last in educing order out of chaos, and in making her 
school tolerably quiet and interesting. The multitude of little 
ones made all the improvement that could reasonably be expected, 
and Miss Munroe has earned for herself the reputation of an 
eflkient and promising teacher. 

Inter mtdiaie Schools. Miss Mary J. Wilson has been employed 
as the teacher in one of the hitermediate schools. She was un- 
sparing in her efforts to promote tlie welfare of her pupils, and the 
Committee were pleased to observe evidences of improvement in 
her school. Some of the classes in reading and arithmetic furnished 
indications of faithful and successful instruction. Good order was 

Miss Eliza Grover taught an Intermediate school two terms. 
Miss Grover is an active and efficient teacher — very prompt and 
decided in enforcing the laws of the school-room. The school 
made commendable improvement under her tuition. Miss Grover 
having resigned, Miss Susan K. Moulton was appointed to succeed 
her. Miss Moulton is emphatically an educator. She teaches her 
pupils to think. The Committee were highly gratified with the 
abundant evidence, furnished in her school, that the work of edu- 
cation was really going on, that the minds of the children were 
actually in process of training. The exercises in reading and 
arithmetic were highly satisfactory ; indeed, everything connected 
with the school indicated the presence of an accurate and thorough 

The other Intermediate school was, for two terms and a half,, 
under the instruction of Miss A. M. French, who is a lady having 
many excellent qualifications for teaching. To say that her pupils 
all love her is high praise. Her government is mild, but firm 
enough to secure good order. This school is particularly dis- 
tingushed for correct spelling. Miss French has been a faithful 
teacher m the district, and the Committee deeply sympathise with 

her in that, in consequence of severe illness, she is debarred from 
exercising her favorite vocation, and they ardently hope that she 
may be speedily restored, by Divine goodness, to her former health 
and usefulness. Miss Elizabeth S. Goodwin taught this school the 
last SIX weeks of the concluding term. Though the period of her 
teaching was limited, yet Miss Goodwin sufficiently demonstrated 
that she possesses the elements of an efficient and successful 

Grammw School. Miss Sarah S. Sanborn presided over this 
school the two first terms, with all the efficiency and success which 
have hitherto distinguished her efforts as a teacher. Miss Sanborn 
is thoroughly educated for her vocation, and possesses also those 
peculiar natural qualifications, that prepare one to govern a school 
successfully. Under her instruction, the children of the Grammar 
school advanced, not rapidly, as they never do under a good teacher, 
but thoroughly and permanently. The recitations of her classes in 
grammar, arithmetic and reading, were highly satisfactory. Much 
to the regret of the Committee, Miss Sanborn resigned at the close 
of the second term. They were, however, so fortunate as to secure 
the services of Miss Josephine Pickering, a lady who had already 
earned a high reputation as a teacher. The perfect order and 
system, Avhich had characterized Miss Pickering's efforts in other 
schools, were fully manifested in our Grammar school. In our 
view. Miss Pickering cannot be excelled as a disciplinarian. It 
seems almost a magical power that produces the wonderful results 
that were apparent in the discipline and order of her school. 

The Grammar school has enjoyed, during the past year, high 
privileges, and the several examinations evinced that the more part 
of the pupils rightfully improved them. The deportment of the 
children in this school has generally been such as to merit the 
highest approbation of the Committee. 

High School. Mr. William W. Bailey was the teacher of this 
school the first two terms. Mr. Bailey is a conscientious and 
laborious teacher, sparing no pains to promote the best interests 
of his pupils, and to discharge all his duties faithfully. But owing 
to a condition of the school, for which Mr. Bailey was in no ways 
responsible, it was not in so prosperous a state under his ad- 
ministration as was desirable. Mr. Bailey resigned, unexpectedly 
to the Committee, at the close of the second term. Mr. N. F. 


Carter was elected to succeed him. Of Mr. Carter's qualifications 
as a teacher the Committee are prepared to speak in the highest 
terms. He is a thorough and accurate scholar, having clear and 
definite ideas of whatever he attempts to communicate ; and, being 
well trained in all the elements of knowledge, he has a perfect 
command of his resources, so that, in giving instruction, he is 
never confused or bungling. The High school has enjoyed a great 
privilege in having Mr. Carter for an instructor during the last term 
At the final examination, several of the classes appeared remarkably 
well. The Committee were pleased to observe evidence of thorough 
elemental instruction. The classes in French, Latin, Greek, 
arithmetic and algebra, would do credit to any school. There were, 
also, several translations and compositions read of a high order. 
The essays read by the class in Ancient history are worthy of the 
highest commendation. Most of the articles in the young ladies' 
paper evinced a good taste and a happy talent for composition. 

Mr. Carter was assisted, during the last nine weeks of the term, 
by Miss Louisa C. Weeks, of whose labors the Committee are 
happy to speak in terms of high commendation. They regret that 
the limited time, at the final examination, excluded so many of her 
classes which would have abundantly testified to the ability and 
faithfulness of their teacher. 

It is to be regretted that all the scholars in the High school did 
not appreciate and improve their privileges. This school contains 
many well-behaved and studious scholars, whose respectful deport- 
ment and ready obedience are worthy of all commendation. But 
it also contains a few scholars as bad as ever disgraced any school, 
who, by petty anno3'ances, open defiance of authority, insulting and 
profane language addressed to their teachers, and mean and con- 
temptible falsehoods, have affixed a stigma to tiieir own characters, 
which It will require a long course of virtuous conduct to wipe 
off. It would be no more than justice to make a public record 
of the names of these boys in this report, but, for the sake of their 
friends, we refrain — though it must be confessed that, in some 
■instances, the names of the parents might very properly appear by 
the side of those of their ill-behaved children. The Committee 
have the pleasure to report that, in two instances at least, the use 
of the rod TOrified the wisdom of Solomon respecting the reforma- 
tory virtue of that renowned instrument of correction ; and they 
have no doubt that, if it had been vigorously and perseveringly 


applied in other cases, the like happy results would have been 

Upon the whole, our schools, during the past year, have been 
successfully conducted, The teachers, as a class, possessed more 
than the average qualifications, and, generally, faithfully discharged 
their responsible duties. The pupils, with the exceptions that 
have been referred to, have, for the most part, been obedient and 
studious. The great evil of irregularity in attendance, the remedy 
of which lies wholly with parents, has seriously affected the schools 
during the past year, exerting its discouraging influence upon the 
teachers, and interrupting the pupils in their studies. 

Our schools ought to be better furnished with school apparatus. 
Globes, especially, are required in all the schools where geography 
13 taught. A child can obtain no adequate conception of the form 
of the earth, or of the geographical circles, without the aid of a 
globe. And why should we pay teachers to instruct in geography 
and withhold from them the means of rendering their instructions 
useful and effectual ? Every school should also be furnished with 
a dictionary. The barbarity with which the English language is 
treated, both as it regards spelling and pronunciation, is a disgrace 
to the age. In the school room, the dictionary ought to stand next 
to the Bible in estimation, and teachers and pupils ought to be re- 
quired to refer to it continually ; and, perhaps, it might advance 
the interests of education if the Superintending Committee were 
occasionally to consult its pages. 

Some of our teachers are deficient in a knowledge of the school 
regulations established by the district which has, in some instances,, 
led to an unconscious violation of them. Our teachers should be 
required thoroughly to study these regulations before entering 
upon the discharge of their duties. 

We have received but in a few instances that gratuitous assist- 
ance in managing the schools, which is sometimes so freely and 
generously proffered, both to school committees and teachers, from 
which we infer that the peculiar wisdom which such unselfish 
assistance implies does not abound in our district. We should 
have been glad, however, of more assistance from parents in the 
position of co-workers with us and the teachers in advancing the 
best interests of the schools. 

It is very desirable that our schools should attain a higher 
standard of excellence. Though, in many respects, we have don« 


very well, still, upon the whole, wo are behind the times. The 
subject of popular education is one of immense importance. Our 
free school system, in its general features, is admirably adapted to 
secure its purposes, but its capabilities ought to be better under- 
stood by the mass of our people. It ought to be clearly seen how 
completely it puts the power into the hands of all our people to 
secure the best possible education for their children. It ought to 
be understood that the rich and the poor, the childless and those 
who have families of children, all have one interest, and a deep 
interest, in raising the standard of popular education as high as 
possible. If this were the case, the suicidal policy of crippling 
our schools, by withdrawing the necessary funds, would be laid 
aside ; at least, we should never witness the strange spectacle of a 
man of moderate means, and having a large family, voting against 
raising school money, at the suggestion of some childless, wealthy 
man, who has not wisdom enough to discover that the advancement 
of the public schools in his neighborhood advances the value of his 
property, and the comfort and security of his life. 

Respectfully submitted. 

CHARLES W. FI^ANDERS,^ Superintending 
NEWTON E. MARBLE, ( School Committee 


RUFUS CLEMENT, J District A'o. 10. 

Reading — Tower's Series and N. A. Reader. Spelling — N. A, 
Spelling Book. Arithmetic — Davies', Holbrook's Primary, Adam's 
Revised and Emerson's Second Part. Geography — Mitchel's, 
Grammar — Weld's. Also, Crosby's Greek Grammar, Andrew's 
and Stoddard's Latin Grammar, Cooper's Virgil, Folsom's Cicero, 
Jewett's Ollendorff, LeBrun's Telemaque, Davies' Algebra, Cutter's 
Physiology and Johnston's Philosophy. 



Reading — Town's Series. Spelling — Webster's, Town's Speller 
and Definer and N. A. Spelling Book. Arithmetic — Emerson's, 
Colburn's, Holbrook's and Adams' Revised. Geography — Smith's 
and Mitchel's, Grammar — Weld's and Smith's. Also, Cutter's 
Physiology, Davie's Algebra, Goodrich's History and Johnston's 


No. of Districts. 



Scholars, above 4 years, at- 
tending 2 weeks. 


S-joSi3*^o-atooooS — i^Soo-itoooootoSiO 

Length of Summer term. 


o coo!^tcx-ioo-^!nSSSot£> — -j-toa 

Length of Winter term. 


5 oo S Soo" Sc3 S So 

Wages of male Teachers, per 


Wages of female Teachers, 
per month. 


^,'f£SfefgS;o = gi5.S^igg^;S5!g2gg 

Scholars, 4 ys. and upwards 
att. 2 weeks in Summer. 


« sas^ssK!SH:Si£gsss;!gi§g 

Scholars, 4 ys and upwards, 
att. 2 weeks in Winter. 


^!Ss:ggg^o.coiS£3 sii§^::;s'cSgsg 

Average— Summer. 

^o SfeS-J«oc5J^vl~S53c 2^ o o S S5 S So 

Average— Winter. 



No. between 4 and 16 attend- 
ing not less than 2 weeks. 


IScO^l- 0,CJi3-!SoiS6S01lOO-j!24:'c3 

No. over 16 att. not less 2 w. 



.VI ale Teachers— Summer. 



Female Teachers — Summer. 


^,^-W K._,^_^ Wh-. <^ WK- 

Male Teacljers-Winter. 


Female Teachers— Winter. 


Amount raised by Taj. 


gg g 2g 

Contributed for board, &c. 



Income from Literary Fund. 


6S — lOi-tOlCtOtSlO-t- — ^OCO^-10CC^U^l-|-►-l- 
;■g g E S^^2 js J £ g5 g § S J g S £ g S £ S g S| 

Amount to each Scholar. 



Visits by Supt'g Committee. 


►"i o*.(O^^^D^scn is^oyifi — i— tscoooKJic 

Visits by Prudential Com. 


S3 gs gsygc-.c.g^§ss.§§rs!^^' 

Visits by citizens. 



.\o. School-houses built.