r rF ^o * 6345. 5 5 V. I 180 "^ ^n t Ct^*^-^ ^.o^'^^^ ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE OP THE CITY OF CHARLESTOWN, DECEMBER, 1856. CHARLESTOWN : PRINTED BY WILLIAM W. WHEILDON, 1857. SCHOOL REPORT. The School Committee in conformity with the require- ments of law and custom, submit the following as their Annual Report. The condition of the Schools is on the whole, favora- ble ; and if during the coming season the City Council provide, as it is now understood will be the case, a new Grammar School-house, and better accommodations for some of the Primary Schools, there can be no doubt that our institutions of instruction, will at the end of another year, maintain fully the reputation which they have heretofore enjoyed, and it is hoped that they will compare favorably with the Schools in other cities and towns in the Commonwealth. The general feeling in our community is believed to be in favor of the most liberal appropriations for pur- poses of instruction, and City Councils and School Committees will fail to meet the expectations and de- mands of those who place them in authority and entrust this precious interest to their charge, unless they pro- vide fully for the comfort and the thorough instruction of every child whose home is within the limits of our city. At the commencement of the present financial year, 4 the City Council complied with the request of this Board, and appropriated the sum of thirty-three thou- sand dollars for the support of schools. We were then of opinion that we could get through with the year with that amount of money, which was the aggregate of the expenses, as estimated by us at the time. Our estimate was based upon the expenses of the previous year, with such additions as it occurred to us at the time would be necessary ; but we did not calculate for an advance in the salaries of the teachers, which we have since found it necessary to make. Soon after the Appropriation Bill had passed the City Council, the salaries of the teach- ers in the neighboring cities were raised by votes of their School Committees ; and this fact, taken in con- nection with the increased expenses of living, induced us to raise the salaries of most of our teachers, which we did by vote of the Board, after carefully weighing our obligation to keep within the bounds of the appro- priation, and also our obligation to be just to the schools and the teachers. The crowded condition of the Gram- mar Schools, and the necessity for providing for the surplus scholars outside of the School-houses, has also occasioned expense which we did not anticipate when our estimate was made up, and we fear that at the close of the year our expenses will be found to exceed the appropriation. But we confidently express our opinion that no money has been unnecessarily expended, and if any additional provision for school expenditures has to be made by the City Council, it will be for actual ad- vantage received by the city ; and if any fault is charge- able to the School Committee, it must be the fault of mis-judgment in their estimates, and not of carelessness or extravagance in the actual expenses of the schools. At the close of the term ending October 31, 1866, the Schools were as follows : 27 Primaries, with 27 teachers, 1854 scholars. 1 Intermediate, 1 " 67 " 8 Grammar, 35 " 1771 " 1 High, 4 " 137 37 schools, 67 teachers, 3829 scholars. We present herewith statistics of these schools, with necessary and interesting information concerning them. PRIMARY SCHOOLS. The semi-annual examinations of the Primary Schools have been made by the Sub- Committees and reports made to the Board. With a few exceptions, they have been represented as in good condition. Some of the teachers have more experience, tact and fitness for their occupation than others, and some of the schools are very highly spoken of. The teachers generally are rep- resented to be faithful, and in most cases successful. — The Sub- Committees make mention of various things essential to the welfare and success of these schools, such as patience and perseverance, devotion to their work and pleasing manners on the part of teachers. — They dwell upon the importance of regularity in the attendance of the scholars, and the healthful and cheer- ing influence of a lively and manifest interest on the part of parents. During the past year, a change has been made in the districts, and one of the Schools, No. 4, has been discontinued. 6 1 Q „ , , iWint.Term.endin?ADrill856. """"'^■""'^ 1 ("c Primary Schools. C [° 2 s Ss i ■ S§ d " Z o »• cd (Q c3 .X 2S NiMES OF 1 Teachers Names. ° £ o 6 n 3 > 2 < C C o o Z o Suh-Committes. 'l 1 Elizabeth N. Lane, 115 57 58 91 45 46 57 75 10 David Foster. |2 M. B. Skilton, 79 40 39 64 34 30 53 64 2 Frank A. Hall. 1 3 Hannah H. Sampson 90 43 47 67 36 31 49 51 6 " " 1 4 Ellen Hichborn, 61 32 29 56 30 26 48 50 12 George B. Neal. |5 Lizzie Deblois, 84 42 42 67 35 32 52 64 7 ti 11 1 6 Frances Hichborn, 58 32 26 48 25 23 35 47 12 Edwin F. Adams. 1 1 7 Susan L. Sawyer, 80 33 47 65 30 35 54 58 8 <1 U 1 1 8 Alice S. Wiley, 50 22 28 45 20 25 39 42 13 Isaac W.Blanchard. ) 9 IVIary J. Emerson, 51 29 22 45 26 19 39 43 12 " " JIO Louisa A. Pratt, 97 45 52 67 32 35 42 55 8 William B. Morris, ?H Joanna S. Putnam, 78 3i 45 68 41 27 55 60 13 4. 11 )12 P.ul.ne B.Neal, 64 37 27 52 32 20 44 47 6 George E. Eiiis. ,113 C VV. Trowbridge, 100 56 44 7b 41 35 56 66 7 Anthony S.Morss. ' 114 Sarah E. Smith, 88 52 3fl 67 38 29 52 63 8 11 11 1 il5 Ellen M. Rugg, 90 35 55 80 31 49 67 74 6 George E. Ellis. ' 116 Abby E. Hinckley, 82 48 34 73 41 32 54 55 7 James G. Fuller. 117 E. H. Rodenburgh, 80 44 36 65 34 31 49 53 9 John Sanborn. 118 Elenora Butts, 88 43 45 64 25 39 52 60 9 11 11 19 Louisa W. Huntress, 94 47 47 75 44 31 58 65 4 " " \\iO ElizabethC. Hunting, 65 33 32 60 30 30 34 42 3 William B. Morris. ;i2i F. E. Kverett. 85 48 37 82 47 35 55 63 12 George P. Kettell, 122 Frances M. Lane, 8:i 45 38 75 40 35 52 63 12 11 11 23 Helen G.Turner, 59 31 28 51 27 24 43 45 6 David Foster. , 124 Susan T. Croswell, 64 33 31 51 22 29 40 44 5 James G. Fuller. , 125 Adaline M. Smith, 71 38 33 68 38 30 48 58 7 0. C. Everett. 1-27 ath. M. Kimball, 84 42 42 70 38 32 48 62 6 Isaac W.Blanchard. 128 Mary M. Decoster, 80 38 42 70 30 40 4! 5- 8 O. C. Everett. 29 Mary J. Underwood. 77 46 31 70 41 29 45 62 4 Frank A. Hall. 2197 11-24 1073 1832 953 879 1366 1587 220 .| ri \ |Sun 1. Tei m, er iding Oct. 1856.| ill Primary Schools. t~ a c . ) ;o •o S ^1 • _o B 1 i7J 2^ 1 " i ;». _™ toe O ,1 1 O Teachers Names. Location o 5 o a O >l ili° I I 3 .a — D O TT. < > ^T Elizabeth N.Lane, NearB. H.S. H ouse, 131 62 69 85 38 47 67 68 17 i2 M. B. Skilton, VIead street. 78 42 36 69 38 31 52 60 2 '3 Hannah H. Sampson, Ward Room No .3, 95 49 46 6b 33 35 54 64 8 ?4 Discontinued. 16 I^izzie Deblois, Elm street, 150 68 82 80 37 43 56 60 4 1 6 Frances Hichborn, Vledford street. 106 53 53 76 41 35 50 70 16 ' 7 Susan L. Sawyer, 3oylston Chape I, 99 51 48 66 36 30 52 (;o 9 1 8 Alice 8. Wiley, Cross street. 96 61 45 69 38 31 52 66 13 1 9 Mary J. Emerson, " " 103 51 49 C6 33 33 49 60 14 I I'lO Louisa A. Pratt, Common street 115 4!) 66 68 27 41 41 54 3 ?11 Joanna S. Putnam «i 11 86 45 41 73 40 33 60 66 6 )12 Pauline B. Neal, Bow street, 108 64 44 59 28 31 45 51 12 |I13 C. W. Trowbridge, " 117 66 51 76 39 37 67 71 6 '<-) Sarah E. Smith, " 126 61 65 (;2 29 33 50 62 9'! )15 Ellen M. Rugg, " J 25 57 68 51 27 24 45 40 4 1 16 Abbv E. Hinckley, Common street, 97 51 46 71 36 35 51 53 6 hi E. H. Rodenburgh, B.H. street, at E oint. 85 39 46 70 32 3« 68 60 8 18 Elenora Butts, .' 11 95 43 52 58 26 32 51 52 7 Jl9 Louisa VV. Huntress,] Moulton street. 114 52 62 73 35 38 61 64 2 m Elizabeth C. Hunting, Soley street, 140 64 76 78 40 38 431 59i 2 >21 P. E. Everett, Bartlctt street, 11! 63 51 63 36 27 50 52 4 1 J22 Frances M. Lane, " " 107 72 35 60 35 25 50 55 4 «3 Helen G. Turner, Haverhill street , 74 36 38 64 32 32 44 63 3 «4 Susan T. Cromwell, (IJommon street, 100 52 48 63 28 35 48 60 7 ;25 Adaline M. Smith, Ward Room, M k2, 74 38 36 7(1 36 34 46 58 8 ?27 Dath. M. Kimball, Junker-Hill, 100 54 46 75 37 38 46 1 60 ! 11 )28 Mary M. Decoster, idgpworth Chaj ^el, 80 35 45 66 32 34 68 69 5 >.-9 Mary J. Underwood, Ward Room No 3 85 43 42 75 41 34 49 67 8\ L '^''.'-v.x^'^^x^w.-wrw^ 2800 1414 I3S6 1854 930 ,BL 1395 1573^1Q5J £ « ^ ^ g^S CD i^ 5' »= Sod i I i i^?^ t: CO ^ OT I ffi!^ ^ ^ OT n £g CD tr' O g^ , J— £- CO o o £- o ^r^ o ^ ■ I ■ O I , ,111 o p p o p p p p K) i-i TO _^ K) _^ K> ^ tri O <l CX) ^ I- ' tC Or ^^ i-t *» •-' ^^ o o o i 00 63 ^^ cj< I— I CO ui c» •"-} a> 4^ CO o CT> ^o>-'^^^^^^^^|-'^ o^ojomoitohscoco SCHOOL RETUENS, AT THE SEMI-ANNUAL EXAMINATIONS. High, Grammar, and Intermediate Schools. Whole Number of Scholars for the Term. Boys. Girls. Number at its close. Boys. Girls. >fc>.tO~-?63COCO>-'tn*^0 OOCnOOOOOlCOWWOlCD Average attendance. tntooocoo^i-'<35>*^'£> Present at Examination. ^^l-'l-'^o'^oo^l-'^^^^^-l Number of visits of School Committee. CD CO B' OO 05 oo^ooo^^^^^^^-'^5t-' 000--JOIU1COOOCOO*' b3l-'OtntO*>-03i-' CO GO Whole number of Scholars for the Term. Boys. Girls. itkK>i-'*»i-»C0OOC»tn i^OO) -J tS O O 00 --t ga totoocoot-'O-^oooo Number at its close. Boys. Girlp. ^^^-.^0l-i^3^-»l-*l-'^-' lt^OOOOOOD»->CI?Mi(^OJ O O 1^ 00 ^ O O Ol »Oi-» ^^^-l^o^^^^^-ll--l-»^-» UTtacoMOiwooit^cnoo CnMi^POOiUtpk^O-^IOGO Averaare attendance. Present at Examination. Number of visits of School Committee. CD § CD h- '• B o OO INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL. TEACHER, MISS ANN NOWELL. SUB-COMMITTEE, JOHN SANBORN, ANTHONY S. MORSS, GEORGE P. KETTELL. Under the care of its faithful and efficient teacher, the Intermediate School answers weU the purpose for which it was established ; and many good scholars have been sent from it to the Grammar Schools. The class of children which compose this school, is such, that energy and patience to an unusual degree are requisite for success in its government. Children too old for the Primary and not qualified for the Grammar Schools, are sent here, and the neglected and uncared-for, those who fail entirely of good home influence, to be found in aU communities, are placed here to receive their first ideas of order and instruction. The same facts, how- ever, which make the task of the teacher arduous and difficult, also affi)rd increased encouragement and satis- faction if she is successful — and this seems to be well understood by Miss Nowell. The Committee close their last report upon this School with the remark that its condition is satisfactory in the highest degree, and the teacher is entitled to full commendation for her faithful- ness and efficiency. BUNKER HILL SCHOOLS. No. 2. WM. H. SANDERS, Principal. MARTHA A. BIGELOW, 1st Asst. PHCEBE A. KNIGHTS, 2d do. No. 1. McLAURIN F. COOK, Principal. ANNIE M. LUND, 1st Assistant. CAROLINE PHIPPS, 2d do. Sub- Committee— [. W. BLANCHARD, DAVID FOSTER, FRANK A. HALL. The Sub-Committee, in May, report to the Board as follows : ' ' The examination was an exceedingly pleasant one, and the result highly gratifying to us. The several classes in School No. 1, manifested a clear and practical knowledge of their studies, and so testi- fied to the faithfulness and thoroughness of their teach- ers. School No. 2 was subjected to a thorough and extended examination, every scholar in the first division coming under the special supervision of the Committee. The faithful and well-directed exertions of the Principal and Assistants have placed this school in a position of excellence and proficiency not before attained. To exhibit the highest standard of success and advance- ment has been the aim of the teachers of the Bunker Hill Schools, and this end we think they have fully and fairly accomplished." In November, after expressing their regret at the resignation of the Principal of No. 1, (Mr. Cook,) whose labors have always given satisfac- tion, the Committee report as follows : "It was then proposed to introduce the one Principal or single- headed system; to unite the schools, appoint two additional female teachers, and place the whole under the charge of the Principal of School No. 2." A Com- 10 mittee was appointed by the Board to take the subject into consideration, and after due deliberation they re- ported in favor of the change. Miss Mehitable Foster and Miss Caroline E. Bigelow were then elected as assistant teachers, and entered upon their duties. The school united consists of 376 pupils, arranged in seven divisions of two classes each. The 1st, 2d, 4th and 7th divisions, numbering in all 193, occupy the lower room, and the 3d, 5th and 6th, in all 182, the upper room. The Committee are confident that the operation of the new system has thus far been favorable. They recom- mend that such alterations be made in the building as will give each division a room by itself. They also recommend an addition to the salary of the Principal, and they close their report with an expression of their judgment, that all the teachers are faithful and fully competent for the work in which they are engaged. HARVARD SCHOOLS. No. 2. JOSEPH B. MORSE, Principal. ELIZABETH SWORDS, 1st Asst. CAROLINE S. CROZIER, 2d do. HANNAH E. KNIGHTS. 3d do. No. 1. e. SOULE CARTEE, Principal. ANN E. WESTON, 1st Assistant. S. M. CHANDLER, 2d do. MARTHA BLOOD, 3d do. JOSEPHINE E. MISKELLY, 4th. Sub- Commitiee— WILLIAM B. MORRIS, ANTHONY S. MORSS, EDWIN F. ADAMS. In their May report, the Sub-Committee remark : «*We are happy to be able to state that both these schools continue to sustain the high reputation which they have hitherto borne. The examinations were conducted as on previous occasions, alternately, the Committee passing from each division of one school to the corresponding division of the other, that they might be the better enabled to judge of 11 their relative merits. No important difference was observed to exist between the two schools. In both the result of the examinations proved, that the teachers had been faithful, and that the pupils had made com- mendable progress in their studies. Proper discipline and good order are maintained in both schools. The Committee allude to the crowded state of the fifth division of School No. 2, and to the fact that it occu- pies a small, badly ventilated room in the basement story of the building. Considerations of health alone, without reference to the great inconvenience, demand that better accommodations should be provided with the least possible delay. In November, the Committee report the order and discipline as continuing to be good in both schools. "With School No. 2, they were par- ticularly well pleased. The examination of the division under the care of the Principal, was in all respects sat- isfactory. The scholars manifested an interest and pro- ficiency in their studies alike creditable to their industry and to the faithfulness of their teacher. In Geography and Grammar they were found to be very thoroughly instructed. In Reading, their style was natural and easy, and in the no less important but often neglected branch of Spelling, they acquitted themselves with great credit. The other divisions of the school were exam- ined with very satisfactory results. In Harvard, No. 1, the first division, like the corresponding division in No. 2, was examined by the whole Committee. The discipline was found to be good ; the scholars diligent and attentive ; and the teacher earnest in his endeavor faithfully to discharge his duty. The examination was very creditable and satisfactory, but the Committee would suggest as an improvement that greater atten- 12 ^ tion should be bestowed upon the more elementary branches, such as Reading and Spelling, which have perhaps been made to yield too much to studies of a more advanced character. The other divisions of this school were found to be in a satisfactory condition." WINTHROP SCHOOLS. No. 1. B. F. S. GRIFFIN, Principal. SOPHIA W. PAGE, 1st Assistant. SARAH A. RUSSELL, 2d do. SARAH A. ODELL, 3d do. No. 2. SAMUEL S. WILLSON, Principal. JULIA A. BRIDGES, 1st Assistant. AGNES E. CASWELL, 2d do. E. A. RICHARDSON, 3d do. Sub- Committee— JAMES G. FULLER, JOHN SANBORN, GEORGE E. ELLIS. In May, the Committee report upon these schools as follows : "In the examination we confined ourselves principally to the text books, and most of the answers to the questions proposed were given correctly and with promptness. The Principal of School No. 1 has various methods of imparting his instruction, teaching much outside of the text books, by doing which he interests his scholars in their studies, and makes his own labors more successful. The Principal of No. 2 also labors faithfully and successfully. There is a marked im- provement in his school since the last examination." The Assistants are reported as being all faithful and competent, and the Committee close their report with the remark : "With the general condition of both schools we were well satisfied." They entertain an opinion, which they think the last examination of can- didates for the High School confirms, that in all our schools, in those studies which depend upon the mem- ory, the scholars are much more thorough than in those depending on the reasoning powers, and they express an opinion that too great a proportion of the time is 13 spent in the study of History and Geography. This, however, they lay to the charge of the Board rather than to the teachers of the schools. In November, the Committee say : "The several divisions of .this school were examined by the different members of the Sub- Committee, who concur in reporting them both as to discipline and progress in a satisfactory condition. The essential branches of Reading, Spelling, and Arithmetic appear to have been well attended to. Out of one hun- dred and fifty words given out, but three were spelled incorrectly, and most of the examples in Arithmetic were not only readily performed, but by their explana- tions the pupils demonstrated that they had been well taught." Thoroughness was manifest in all the branch- es, and the teachers were represented as possessing ability, and as faithfully devoted to the improvement of the morals and understanding of those under their charge. The school has suffered some from repletion, but this in a measure has been obviated in the occupa- tion by a part of the scholars of the Ward Room in the lower part of the building. WARREN SCHOOLS. No. 1. GEORGE SWAN, Principal. MARY A. OSGOOD, 1st Assistant., MARGARET VEAZIE, 2d do. MARIA BROWN, 3d do. No. 2. JOSEPH T. SWAN, Principal. ELLEN FOSTER, 1st Assistant. MARY M. MAYHEW, 2d do. ANN J. CHANDLER, 3d do. H. A. T. DADLEY, 4th do. Sub- Committee— OLIYKR C. EVERETT, GEORGE B. NEAL, GEORGE P. KETTELL. In May, the Sub-Committee report as follows : "The first division of School No. 1 was examined by us, and gave good evidence of the teacher's earnestness and fidelity ; but owing to the changes which have taken 14 place in the last six months and the severe illness of the Principal, for several weeks, the appearance of the division was not quite equal to what it had been in for- mer years.',' The Committee speak of the good order and regular attendance, and the high tone of feeling which pervades the whole school ; of the lively interest manifested by the pupils, and the charming influence of music, and they add, "it is evident that the care of the Principal has not been confined to his own division, but that he has had a direct oversight of the whole school. The lower divisions of the school have been altogether too large, and their rank has been main- tained only by the unusual and unremitted exertions of the assistant teachers. The whole school is suffering from its crowded condition, and deterioration and dis- couragement must be looked for unless this difficulty is soon remedied." Concerning School No. 2, they re- port: "It gives us great pleasure to speak of the whole school as maintaining its good name, notwithstanding its crowded condition and the frequent change of teach- ers. On the last account the second division has not been fairly presented for two years. The Committee bear cheerful testimony to the earnestness of the teach- ers in their work, and to the consequent thoroughness of the pupils as far as they have advanced." They add : "We could wish, however, that the scholars were trained to rely less upon their books and memory and more upon their own judgment." The school met with a great loss in the death of the first assistant teacher, Miss Jane Rugg. "Her close application and conscientious fidelity to every claim of her office, her great anxiety to keep up the reputation of the school, undoubtedly hastened the lurking disease which eventually took her away in the 15 midst of her usefulness." She was a faithful and devo- ted teacher, and was much beloved by her pupils and her associates. In November, the Committee say of school No. 1: "Of the whole School it may be said that it has been marked by the earnest interest of the teach- ers, and by the punctuality, good order and improve- ment of the pupils. Singing has been regularly prac- tised, and its good influence seen in the quiet and moral character of the whole School. We wish that music might be introduced into all our Grammar Schools." Of School No. 2, they say : "We were well pleased and satisfied with the recitations and good behavior of the scholars, and of the interest and faithfulness mani- fested by the teachers." They refer again to the mode of recitation in both schools, which they think would be improved if the pupils were not so much confined to their manuals. They also refer again to the crowded condition of the schools, and to the need of a new building for the accommodation of the surplus scholars in the Grammar Schools. 16 HIGH SCHOOL. Principal, A. M. GAY. 1st Assistant, C. E. STETSON. 1st Female Assistant, Mrs P. G. BATES 2d do. do. Miss F. REED. SUB-COMMITTEE. GEORGE E. ELLIS, 0. C. EVERETT; WM. B. MORRIS, 1. W. BLANCHARD. The Sub- Committee in presenting their semi-annual Report in May, reminded themselves that our citizens entertain great expectations and set a very high stand- ard for measuring the success of the institution. From the throngs which attend upon its annual exhibitions, and the interest connected with the admission and the graduating of each successive class, it is evident like- wise that what were vague and undefined expectations from the School during the first few years of its trial, are steadily becoming more definite in their shape. It is properly claimed that the advantages of an advanced education there afforded to pupils of both sexes who have passed through our Grammar Schools shall show some of their appropriate results. These are to be looked for, first, within the walls of the school itself, in the interest, the zeal and the kindled ambition of the pupils, and in the proper pride of the teachers in ad- vancing the work entrusted to them, and second, in satisfactory evidence given to the parents that the in- struction which their children receive is suited to the desirable and the practical uses of life. In both these directions the Committee are happy in being able to pronounce the school successful. Marks of progress appear, the aim is set higher, experience is improved upon, there has come to be a spirit in the institution 17 which communicates itself to all who are attached to it ; the instractors are heartily and zealously engaged in its honorable distinction, and if our community were now deprived of it, the vacancy caused by its loss would be some test of the place which it now has in our affections and hopes. The Committee devoted three days previous to the Exhibition to a thorough examination of each of the classes in all the branches of study, and were gratified with the proficiency and industry of which they saw the tokens : observing nothing to call forth criticism or censure. The courses of study are arranged with as direct re- ference as the necessary qualifications of the pupils will admit to the objects which they have in view in life. The Principal of the school has recently engaged the attention of some of the pupils in committing to memory a few of the choicest pieces of English Literature, por- tions of which are tien recited and analysed, to show their grammatical structure, to explain their local or historical allusions, and to develope their beauties. Very particular attention is also paid to the study of Physical Greography and of the sciences which illustrate it. Pains are taken to have the pupils understand the processes and facts of such sciences, and when they recite from the Text Books they are encouraged to use their own modes of expression. Much improvement is made by a more frequent recourse to the valuable ap- paratus in possession of the institution. On the whole the Committee report most favorably upon the condition and conduct of the school. The report in November is as follows : "The school was examined during the last week in October. The 18 pupils were disposed into twenty eight classes, accord- ing to the subjects and arrangements of their studies. Evidence was abundantly offered to the Committee of the peculiar adaptation of the teachers of this school to their of&ce, of their devotion to their work, and of their pride in the good appearance of their pupils. Among the qualifications of good instructors ought to be num- bered that of a willingness to identify their own repu- tation with their schools, and a consequent sense of obligation to lead their pupils on year by year through the influence of personal sympathy and interest as well as by the routine of hearing lessons. That teachers may feel this pride and exercise this influence, their services must be so estimated and rewarded as to satisfy them to remain year after year where they are, without looking for a change of place for the sake of a more adequate remuneration. " A very favorable token of the increased success of the school in answering the designs of its friends, is in- dicated in the lact that fewer pupils have broken off their connection with it this year than in any previous year. Their own ambition is thus proved to be aroused, and they seem better to appreciate the value of the privileges which the liberality of the city places within their reach. The system of instruction has, with the help of past experience, been so regulated with refer- ence to the wishes of parents and the ability or the aims of the pupils, that we have no change to suggest, and can only express our earnest wish that an increase of the same prosperity which the school now enjoys may attend it for the future. "Many hours were devoted by the Committee to the work of examination, which was relieved of tediousness 19 by the variety and the interest of the subjects in which the different classes offered to test their proficiency. Of some of the branches of study our only reasonable expectation will be that they may excite and exercise the minds of the pupils to a fuller and a more practi- cally useful pursuit of them in after life. It is only in a somewhat generous use of language that such young students can be said to be instructed in foreign tongues and in high philosophy. " It is to be allowed that the standard set by our cit- izens for this school is a very exacting one: and that their expectations of visible benefits and striking results from the rich opportunities which it offers are increased by every occasion that brings its quiet workings before the notice of the community. Our citizens have come to be as proud of it as our Commonwealth is of its col- leges. We may expect too much of it, and may forget that some allowances are to be made for the youth of most of its pupils, and for the difficulties necessarily attending the pursuit of so many subjects of advanced study in the few hours given daily to the school. With the commencement of the present term, and by the re- quest of the Principal, the Committee sanctioned the introduction of a course of instructive lectures on a vari- ety of topics, to be delivered once a fortnight by com- petent gentlemen who were willing kindly to give their services. The scholars are required to write abstracts of the lectures, and seem pleased to do so as an evidence of their own appreciation of the favor. "The Committee have yielded to the almost unani- mous request of the scholars and their parents, to have but one session of the school during the months of De- cember, January and February. By the arrangement 20 which has been made, scarce any less time is to be spent through a week in the exercises of the school than was given to them before." GENERAL REMARKS. After offering this summary and abstract, as such a statement of the condition of our schools as is required by our statutes and as is expected by our citizens, we add a few remarks of a more general character. It can hardly be necessary for us to lavish terms of praise, or to enter into the details of criticism, upon the present standing or operation of our school system. We refrain from eulogy because the work will secure its own praise unclaimed, if it deserves praise. We also decline to institute any comparison between the condition, the standing and the results of either or of all the schools in this city with those of any other city, or with them- selves in previous years. Our citizens, with that natu- ral thrift and prudence characteristic of our communities, are apt to mark with special interest the steadily in- creasing expenses of our educational system. Doubt- less our schools and their supervisors may be held bound to show that the necessary cost, and still more, the real advantages of these institutions, increase at least as largely and as steadily as do the amounts appropriated from year to year for their support. We, of course, be- lieve this to be the fact. There is, however, one ele- ment in such calculations which may not always receive a fair regard. While the residents of a city may be taxed, whether moderately or largely, for the schools within their limits, they may not always avail them- selves of those schools, but have recourse to private instruction for the education of their own chiklren; and 21 so whatever the amount imposed by tax, the payment of it by such parents does not seem to secure an equiv- alent to them. One test, therefore, for deciding the relative expense to various cities and communities of maintaining the public school system, would be to learn what proportion of all those who are receiving an edu- cation in each place receive it from public or from pri- vate teachers. The Committee would be understood as giving only their own impression, — not the result of actual inquiry to be positively affirmed, — when they as- sert, that at least as large, if nor a larger proportion of the children of our own citizens receive their whole education at the public schools, as can be found in any other town or city to be equally independent of pri- vate instruction. Private schools have not generally been successful here. We would persuade ourselves that this fact, which of itself might be of a doubtful charac- ter in indicating our interest in education, is fairly to be ascribed to the sufficiency and excellence of the pro- vision made by the public. It is always to be remembered that the work of edu- cation is but an experiment made by human wisdom, under its partial and improving knowledge, upon a large variety and a wide diversity of human mjnds and characters. Indeed, our methods and theories of edu- cation are but experiments subject to that great, chief experiment of developing, training and instructing the intellect in young persons. We may not expect that the greatest and best of all works shall be other than one of the most difficult works also. The partial success of the workings of our great school system should be considered a fair offset to the difficulties against which it is manifestly won. The members of 22 the Committee in their visits to the schools, if not already well informed on the point, would be sure to be forcibly reminded that a teacher's task is always an arduous one, and is often more than doubled in its diffi- culty by the hard materials on which it is spent. The old heathen fable, that Minerva — the Goddess of Learn- ing — sprang to the birth, fully furnished and equipped with all her brilliant armor, is not to be verified, ex- cept by contraries, in our Christian schools even in the nineteenth century. Most unhappily, children — like their parents only about other matters — do not always know what is good for them, and so are not always easily engaged upon their daily school tasks. Their inattention and dullness are visitations upon the temper, and exactions upon the time of their instructors. We are also in the habit of taking for granted, per- haps too readil/, that all, or even the large majority of children are capable of being educated according to our modern standard for a good substantial education in the common branches of Grammar, Arithmetic, Geography, and History. Experience teaches that large allowances must be made for mental peculiarities and mental defi- ciencies, as well as for infirmities of the physical con- stitution in young persons. Our noble statute provision that all children shall enjoy the opportunities of educa- tion must not be interpreted as involving the condition that all shall show the full advantage of those opportu- nities. The Committee have nothing to suggest to you on their own behalf of the nature of asking sympathy or consideration for their own labors, or for averting any censure that may be visited on their measures. We may safely affirm, that with whatever degree of interest 23 any member of the Committee regards the honor or the trust reposed in him before he does any of his real offi- cial work, he cannot pursue the routine of duties which it requires without being made aware alike of its exac- tions and of its importance. Our own experience jus- tifies our assertion that each visit we have made to our respective schools and each hour we have spent in lis- tening to their exercises, has largely increased our in- terest in their work, our pride in their good appearance, and our desire for their improvement. The recent session of the State Association of Teach- ers in this city, was an occasion of much satisfaction to ourselves, and as we believe, from their hearty acknowl- edgements, to them also. Very many of the members of the Convention were invited to the homes of our cit- izens, and invited them in return to attend upon the addresses and debates. An opportunity was thus afford- ed to us to increase and deepen our respect and sym- pathy for the assembled representatives of that noble work the glory of which our Commonwealth leads off in her early and continued and lavish patronage of edu- cation. What the Commonwealth first did in the days of hardship and effort, and when all her voters scarce equalled in number the present population of one of her smallest towns, her numerous and opulent municipali- ties must now vie with each other in doing in a spirit worthy of their parentage. By order^^of the Committee. TIMOTHY T. SAWYER, President. Charlestown, Dec. 20, 1856. 24 TRUSTEES OF THE SCHOOLS. 1§47 to 1§5T. 1847. Henry K. FrotMngliam, Joseph F. Tufts, N. Y. Calbertson, John Sanborn, James Miskelly, Edward Thorndike, George A. Parker, Seth J. Thomas, Greorge Farrar, J. W. Bemis, Thomas Greenleaf. 1848. James Adams, George A. Parker, Lemuel Gulliver, Henry K. Frothingham, Seth J. Thomas, George P. Sanger, Joseph F. Tufts, Edward Thorndike, Charles W. Moore, James Miskelly, N. Y. Culbertson. 1849. James Adams, Henry K. Frothingham, Lemuel Gulliver, Charles TV. Moore, George P. Sanger, Joseph F. Tufts, William Tufts, Edward Thorndike, N. Y. Culbertson, James Miskelly. 1850. Hemy K. Frothingham, George P. Sanger, Henry Lyon, William Tufts, George Cutler, James G. Fuller, Andrew K. Hunt, C. Soule Cartee, Charles W. Moore, Isaac W. Blanchard, William Sawyer. 1851. Richard Frothingham, Jr., ea; officio, President; Eliab P. Mackintire, Seth J. Thomas, James Adams, William Tufts, James G. Fuller, William Sawyer, Edward Thorndike, John San- born, Charles W. Moore, Andrew K. Hunt, Charles D. Lincoln, Charles B. Rogers. 1852. Richard Frothixgham, Jr., ex officio, President ; James Adams, Nathan Merrill, William Tufts, Oliver C. Everett, James G. Fuller, John Sanborn, Edward Thorndike, William Williams, Andrew K. Hunt, Lemuel Gulliver, George Bradford, Charles D. Lincoln. 1853. Richard Frothingham, Jr.. ez officio, President; Nathan Merrill, Oliver C. Everett, James Fogg, James G. Fuller, Edward Thorndike, Warren Rand, Isaac W. Blanchard, Abraham B. Shedd, Solomon Hovey, James Adams, William Williams, John Sanborn. 1854. James Adams, ex officio, President; James Fogg, Wil- liam Flint, Oliver C. Everett, William I. Budington, Hiram Hutch- ins, George Bartlett, George Cutler, Isaac W. Blanchard, Hiram P. Remick, Freeman C. Sewall, Reuben Curtis, Nathan A. Tufts. 1855. Timothy T. Sawyer, ex officio, President; James Adams, George E. Ellis, Oliver C. Everett, James G. Fuller, John Sanborn, Calvin C. Sampson, Abraham B. Shedd, Isaac W. Blanchard, Wil- liam Flint, Nathan A. Tufts, Henry K. Frothingham. 1856. Timothy T. Sawyer, ex officio, President ; William B. Morris, Anthony S. Morss, Oliver C. Everett, James G. Fuller, John Sanborn, George B. Neal, David Foster, George P. Kettell, Isaac W. Blanchard, Edwin F. Adams, George E. Ellis, Franklin A. Hall. 1857. Timothy T. Sawyer, ex officio. President ; George E. Ellis, William B. Morris, William W. Wheildon, AJjram E. Cutter,. John Sanborn, George B, Neal, Hiram Hutchins, Andi'ew J. Locke, David Foster, Luke K. Bowers, William N. Lane, Franklin E. Bradshaw.