rF "£. eW • * 6345. 55 * V.2 ^ ANNUAL REPORT OF THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE OP THE CITY OF CHARLESTOWN. DECEMBER, 1859, CHABLESTOWN : PRINTED BY WILLIAM W. WHEILDON. 1860. Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2011 with funding from Boston Public Library http://www.archive.org/details/annualreportofsc1859char SCHOOL REPORT, The School Committee of the City of Charlestown, as required by law, respectfully submit the following ANNUAL REPORT. The appropriation by the City Council of $44,100, will, we are happy to believe, be sufficient to meet all the expenses of the schools for the present financial year ; and what will have been gained by the efforts of efficient and faithful teachers, to instruct, encourage, and advise the children entrusted to their charge, and to guide them into paths of duty and usefulness, will, we hope, be an adequate return for the very liberal provision made for the purpose. We base our opinion that the appropriation will cover the expenses, upon the present condition of things, which may be seen in the following statement : The unexpended balance of the school appropriation at this time is $11,626.05 The remaining Roll for Teachers, 9,087.50 Sweepers, 504.50 Rent, 18.75 filO 7*1 leaving a balance of $2,015.30 for other expenses, which will be fully sufficient. The condition of the school-houses we report to be as follows : The High and the Grammar School build- ings are all in good condition and well furnished. The alterations made in the Bunker Hill School, the present season, were such as were needed to make it a comfort- able and well-arranged building, which it now is. The Grammar Schools are all well filled, but we do not see why the present accommodations will not be sufficient for another year at least. The number of scholars has increased since the last report ; but making allowance for a gradual increase, we think the building of another Grammar School-house can be postponed beyond the time for which the next annual city appropriation wil* have to be made. Some of the Grammar school-rooms are not so well ventilated as they should be, and more attention should be given to the very important matter of ventilation in all our school-houses. We desire to call special attention to the condition of some of the Primary school-rooms : and to urge with a great de- gree of earnestness, that an appropriation be made for building several Primary School-houses early in the coming year. The location of the house occupied by School No. 1, near the Bunker Hill School-house, is unfavorable, and the room incommodious. The room in Elm street, occupied by School No. 5, is anything but what it should be. The room hired for the use of School No. 7, is a poor one for the purpose, and is made doubly so by the fact that it cannot be controlled by the Committee. School No. 28 occupies what is known as the Edgeworth Chapel, and must be provided with a new room, as notice has been given that the Chapel must be vacated at once, the owner contempla- ting its removal and the erection of new buildings on its site. The rooms occupied by Nos. 19, 25 and 28, are such as no honest Sub- Committee can refrain from unfavorable allusions to in every report which they make upon the condition of the schools. The time has really come when an expenditure for new Primary School- houses should be made ; and when it is plainly the duty of the School Committee to report the impossibility of getting along without it. Early in the present year the City Council was appealed to on this subject, but action upon it was postponed till another year. We now call attention to this report, and hope the matter will soon be in the hands of a Committee who in con- nection with a Committee from this Board, can select locations and have the buildings commenced without delay. The subject of compensation for the education of children residing in the Navy Yard, or in other towns, has often been discussed in the Board, and was early in the present season referred to a Committee, who made the following report, which was duly accepted, and in- structions given to the Treasurer accordingly : — EEPORT OF THE COMMITTEE. From the opinion of the Justices of the Supreme Judicial Court, given to the House of Representatives in 1841, (1 Metcalf's Reports 580) and from Chapter 154 of the Statutes of 1836, Chapter 132 of the Stat- utes of 1857, and Chapter 78 of the Statutes of 1855, the law of the Commonwealth appears to be as follows : 1. Persons residing within the precincts of the Navy- Yard are not entitled to send their children to the pub- lic schools of the city. Consequently the Board have the right to require payment for the tuition of such scholars who do attend any of the public schools in the city. 2. Children, whose fathers are deceased, are entitled to attend school in the city or town where their guar- dians reside. 3. When scholars take up a temporary residence in a city or town where their fathers or guardians do not reside, for the purpose of attending the public school therein, they may be permitted by the School Commit- tee to attend such school, and their parents or guar- dians are liable to pay for their tuition a sum equal to the average expense per scholar of the school during the period of their attendance. But when the attending the school is not the sole purpose of their temporary residence, they have the right to attend school without charge. 4. Arrangements may be made between School Com- mittees of adjoining towns for those scholars who live remote from the school in their own town, and in such cases the Committee may pay from their school appro- priation for the tuition of those scholars in the adjoin- ing town. The Committee report the following scale of prices to be generally adopted : For the High School, Forty Dollars a year. " Grammar Schools, Eighteen Dollars a year ' ' Primaries, Eight Dollars, or at the same rate for a fractional part of a year. G. WASHINGTON WARREN, JAMES ADAMS. In the Primary and Intermediate, and in several of the Grammar Schools, some attention has always been given to Vocal Music ; and the Committee are unani- mously of opinion, that the time taken for this purpose has been well employed. It has served to make the schools moie united, and to strengthen the attachment of the children to their teachers : it has promoted good feeling generally, and so influenced the minds of teach- ers and pupils, that the other duties of the day and school have been performed with better relish and more certain benefit. Firm in this conviction, the Commit- tee have thought it proper, since the middle of Septem- ber last, to employ a music teacher, to visit the several Grammar Schools, where his services were needed, and to give such instructions at stated times," as would tend to produce harmony of sound, that its influence in pro- ducing harmony of soul might not be lost upon the school ; and we have no doubt that perseverance in this plan will be of great service not only to the scholars, but to the teachers, who will do well always to bear in mind that they have hearts as well as heads, to deal with and educate. The expense of this instruction in singing has, so far, been paid out of the private funds of the Board ; but the coming year we think it should be made an item in the appropriation asked of the City Council for the support of schools. The evil of Truancy^ is a matter requiring the joint influence and authority of the teachers and the regu- larly appointed officers to carry into effect a City Ordi- nance on that subject. The teacher's duty is chiefly with first offences, and must necessarily be confined to appeals to the parents and children, prompted by their 8 good feelings, and a desire to save the children from the influence of bad example and association. But they must not so interest themselves in the manage- ment of truants as to interfere with their duties towards those who are regularly at school to claim their proper attention. For this reason, the complaint of a teacher to the truant officers, should, we think, always receive prompt attention, and no time should be lost in the commitment to a secure and proper place of reforma- tion, of such children as are proved to be disorderly and idle, and who cannot be at large without exerting a very baneful influence upon others. The provisions of the law on this subject are ample, and we wish we could add that they are properly enforced ; but the number of idle and vicious children about our streets, is evidence too strong of inefficiency or neglect some- where. The memorial presented by the Board of School Com- mittee to the City Council, in 1858, asking for the passage of an ordinance requiring the appointment of a Superintendent of Public Schools, and giving authority to establish a salary for said office, did not meet with favor ; and no such ordinance has been passed. The School Committee have so often urged the expediency of this measure, that it seems unnecessary, in this re- port, to repeat the arguments which have been made in its favor ; it may, however, be well to state the sim- ple fact, that this Board has seen no reason to differ in judgment with its predecessors, and that the members unanimously agree in recommending the subject to the careful consideration and early attention of the next City Council. RETURNS, UAL EXAMINATIONS 1 THE | i Term ending April, 1859. Term ending Nov. 1859. i 3. o XI . t/j S 6 H _B O 0) B a5 cm S) XI 03 c5 XI . ° £ e o a B 00 to 73 2 Xi 1 Si 1 SCHOOL AT THE SEMI-ANN OF 3 S | 2^ X) XI iff 1 ca 3 « 3 B E "$ a xj bo > < a 1 o O o >^ B P .- ^ >1 ° 1 XI a a 2 § to • | pq 3 C3 XI pq 3 1 § bn si > < 196 1 CD © > O a P _ 1 -- — i -° ! s 1 2 ] 31 J i High School, - _ 177 62 115 1521 54 98 159 152 113 39 44 213 78 135 192 66 126 192 44 ! Bunker Hill School, - 4S1 250 231 438| 224 214 375 381 5 433 26 553 295 258 449 239 210 386 404 17 5 ! Warren School, 388 205 183 317 167 150 306 316 2 315 33 422 224 198 345 185 160 994 327 3I 3421 22 \ ! Winthrop School, - No. I. 182 107 7o 175| 94 81 169 155 1 174 12 246 132 114 214 107 107 186 197 l| 213| 24 i i No. 2. 3ia 156 163 254| 123 131 217 239 4 250 11 262] 122 140 205 95 110 191 189 3| 2021 24 j j Harvard School, - No. 1. 223 115 108 205| 103 102 171 181 10 195 32 250 124 126 190 95 95 160 166 91 181 33 j ! No. 2. 245 139 106 201 107 94 164 166 2 199 | 20 236 124 112 167 86 81 143| 138 5 162 27 11 490| 46 58 5 j J Prescott School, 591 324 267 490 275 215, 465 482 26 4tJ4| 29 636 341 295 501 263 238 4331 445 i Intermediate do. No. 1 108 54 54 53 26 27 45 49 53| 5 74 30 44 58 23 35! 32! 45 do. do. No. 2. 61 37 24 58 36 22 39 47 6. 11 111! 58 1 53 70 43 27' 48' 54j 7 ° 8 1 L_„„ 2775 1 1449 1326 2343J1209 1 134)21 10 217o| 163 21S0, 223 3003(1528 1475 2391 1202 1 189|2069| 21571 180 2211| 237 , ll Primary Schools. LOCATION OF Term ending Apri 1, 1859. J PRIMARY Z I i - si h Teachers Names. SCHOOL-HOUSES. 1 i °H 1 M •F 1 i ; r- " °F3 j 1 \< 1 ^ k'o l £ £ l a l^'= ) \ 1 Elizabeth N. Lane, Near B. H. S. House, 101 4ft no 87 W 49 65 66 39 371 | 'i 4 \ a Malvina B. Skilton, Mead street. hi 31 9,9 6f 3(1 2Si 41 44 Sf 21 \ 12 ( \ ' Hannah H. Sampson, Adjoi'g WM Room 3, 108 60 63 6U 33 36 42 SB » 30 1 \ h Elm St., near llijrh. 72 3b' Xti 65 30 35 47 64 8 ( Frances Hichborn, Hertford street, 75 34 41 68 :u 34 50 63 3? 30 ( Susan L. Sawyer, Boylston Chapel, 66 ■23 38 65 •>,?. 23! 41! 45 HR \ H Cross street, H-r, 39 43 liS «« 33 m 25 67 1 1 :« Helen B. Chalk, 83 44 39 73 39 34 61 31 3(1 11 I Common street, 82 »?. Ml 311 43 58 ?,+ (ll 75 41 34 70 40 811 511 »> 1 12 Pauline B. Neale, Bow street, 71 35 36 fin 31 m S-i ?9 \\:i O. W. Trowbridge, 98 45 53 3ti 41 66 31 °7 " Sarah E. Smith, U5 40 h!> 74 32 43 69 S3 H (16 as Ml 48 117 41 26 51 26 U' ; Common street, 85 +7 3K 43 33 58 33 Sophronta Worthnn, B. H. street, at Point 84 37 47 73 28 45 61 5 ) 95 55 40 83 4-9 33 69 40 « Muulton street, «a m 4+ 73 Hi 36 65 Soley street, »l 33 48 no 33 87 17 Sullivan street, 83 41 42 it 36 36 60 30 *)'| »n hfl 40 pi 4'i 40 "(' Haverhill street, <>7 34 33 53 '£! ve, V0 a» 47 fifi 41 Adjoi'irW'd Room 2, 79 41 33 77 40 37 Mary A. Eaton, Aims-House, 17 10 „ V*' Catb. M. Kimball, Bunkor-Hill streot, 91 54 37 81 «H 81 Edgeworlh street, 81 44 37 67 38 Ward Room .Vo. 3, 89 47 42 73 12 31 39 26 73 I ! — — — ~„ 2257 1110 1147 1910 961 919 1333'l573' 779! 794 1839 11 165 ' I Primary Schools, Teachers Names zabuth N. Lane, Ivini B Skilton, nnali II. Sampson izle Oehlois, limes Hichhorn, 00 s''WiIoy"' len B. Chalk, ui.™ A. Pratt. Sara 1 E. Smith, Eliza R. Hamilton Abhy E. Hinckley, Soph ronia Worther Lydi t M. Butts, a W. Honire Matilda Oilman. Fran es E. Kverct Fran es M.Lane, Hole 1 G. Turner, Susa T. Croswell Artel ne Jl. Smith, Cath M Kimball, Jane J. Loring, Pame ia E. Delano Term ending November, 1859. 80 1 4; 91 54 I 37 791 3852|1291|1261|1M1|1006 9S8 1460 1622 25 89 361 81 30 79 Sub-Committees } Primary Schools- II Henry C. Qrnve " Ilnnrv C. Grave Wm. P. Conant. Hall. Timothy T. Sawyer. William N. Laoe. Calvin C. Sompso 10 A I., do - Cutter. 1 John K. Fuller. Wames Adamn. 6 Abram E. Cutter. 12 Edwin F. Adams. 1 Wm. W. Whoildon 5 Nathan A. Tufts. 7|Geor S e B. Noal. KJohnSanbon 10 J do. 5 H~. K. Frothlugbai do. do. (L-nrgr Johnson. QeorKe B. Neal. G. Wash. Warren Hall. John K. Fuller. Nathan A. Tufts. 9 At the close of the term ending October 31, the schools, teachers and scholars numbered as follows : 28 Primaries, with 28 teachers, 1944 scholars. 2 Intermediate, 2 " 128 7 Grammar, 44 " 2071 " 1 High, 6 " 192 « 38 schools, 80 teachers, 4335 scholars. The required and important information concerning them is given in the following tables of statistics : 10 PRIMARY SCHOOLS. Since the last report teachers have resigned in Nos. 12, 15, 17 and 18, and others have been appointed in their places. There are now twenty -eight Primary Schools. Favorable reports upon them have been made by most of the Sub- Committees, and we are happy to know that most of the teachers are efficient and faith- ful. To some the finger of warning should perhaps be pointed ; and there may be those not blessed with the tact to govern and instruct young children ; for it re- quires tact, intelligence and good judgment, to control and give proper direction to young minds. The per- son who undertakes the management of fifty or sixty children, from five to eight years old, ought to feel a great degree of responsibility, and to consider carefully as she pursues her work whether she is calculated to mould the material placed in her hands into that goodly shape without which it may be wasted and useless. The manners and dispositions of young children, how much they may be influenced by the manners and dispositions of their school teachers ! and what lasting injury not only to the scholars but to community even, may be the result of the unsuccessful government of only a Primary School ! We think that too much care can hardly be bestowed upon these schools. The foundation of all that is proposed to be done in the future is laid here. Who can calculate the value of a good impression, or measure the mischief of a bad one, made upon the mind 11 of a child when it is unguarded by any judgment of its own ! We repeat, then, that too much attention can- not be given to our Primary Schools, and nothing should deter us, in the future, from providing discriminating teachers, and comfortable accommodations for the chil- dren composing them. And here we take occasion to say, that some of the school rooms are entirely unfit for the purpose, and discreditable to the city ; and it is for this reason, that in another part of our report, we urge upon the City Council the necessity of an expenditure for new Primary School rooms as early in the present year as possible. INTERMEDIATE SCHOOLS. We have at the present time two of these schools, and another will soon be needed. Closer attention, and greater pains on the part of the teacher are requisite for the instruction and management of the class of chil- dren attending the Intermediate Schools, and the num- ber of scholars at the close of the term ending in No- vember would make three schools of 43 members each, allowing nothing for increase, which has been very considerable during this year. We are more than ever satisfied of the value of such schools. They are de- manded by every consideration which enters into the idea of public instruction ; and on some accounts, not only to the children who compose them, but to the com- munity, are perhaps the most valuable of all our schools. In their reports the Sub- Committees speak of this as "a hard field of labor," but they bear witness to the fitness 12 of the teachers, whose industry and devotion to their duties, are worthy of all praise. Many well qualified scholars have been promoted to the Grammar Schools, and constant effort has been made to advance all the pupils in their studies, and to give them good ideas of duty generally. BUNKER HILL SCHOOL. TEACHERS. WILLIAM H. SANDERS, Principal. L. A. DARLING, Sub-Master. ASSISTANT TEACHERS. CAROLINE M PHIPPS, PHCEBE A. KNIGHTS. MARY S. THOMAS. ANNIE M. LUND, MARTHA A. BIGELOW, CAROLINE E. BIGELOW, Sub-Committee— NATHAN A. TUFTS, HENRY C. GRAVES, WILLIAM H. CONANT. GEORGE JOHNSON. In their report in May, the Committee say : " We have devoted much time in visiting, and to the exami- nation of the school in its several departments ; each scholar having had a thorough examination in the sev- eral branches of study pursued. We report the school in a highly satisfactory condition, both as to disci- pline and progress in learning. The Principal exhibits marked energy in controlling the school, and tact in infusing into the minds of his pupils a love for learning, and his general influence is salutary. The Sub-Master is assiduous in the discharge of his duties. The alter- ations in the arrangement of the school rooms, which have been authorized by the City Council, will not only greatly aid in promoting discipline, but allow the Sub- Master more time for teaching in his appropriate divis- 13 ion, and enable him to bring his many good qualifica- tions for teaching into more vigorous exercise. The good results attained in this school could not have been reached without the prompt, efficient, and zealous co- operation of the Female Assistants in the performance of their arduous duties. They have been very faithful, and it must be gratifying to them to know that they have been so successful." In their fall report, the Committee give a descrip- tion of the alteration in the school rooms, as follows : "During the August vacation, a much needed improve- ment for the accommodation of this school was made by the city, in the re-arrangement of the rooms so as to give each division a separate apartment. The parti- tions in the upper rooms can be raised at pleasure, so that the school can have the benefit of one room when needed for exhibition, or for instruction in singing, or for uniting in the opening exercises of every day. — ■ New desks and seats have been provided in all the rooms, and the house is now in fine order." They give the result of their examination of the school in express- in^ their opinion that the teachers all continue to be faithful and heartily devoted to their work, and that the general condition of things is creditable to all con= cerned. 14 HARVARD SCHOOLS. TEACHERS. No. 1 C. SOULE CARTE E, Principal. ASSISTANTS. ANN E. WES TON, MARTHA BLOOD. SARAH E. ARCHER. No. 2. JOSEPH B. MORSE, Principal. ASSISTANTS. ELIZABETH SWORDS, CAROLINE S. CROZIER, HANNAH J. BLISS. Sub-Committee— WILLIAM W. WHEILDON, EDWIN F. ADAMS, NATHAN A. TUFTS. "The Sub- Committee on the Harvard Schools, Nos. 1 and 2, attended the regular semi-annual examinations in April, as usual, and went as carefully through all the divisions as their time and convenience would per- mit. In general terms they have to express their sat- isfaction with the condition of the schools, and their opinion that the teachers are faithful to their engage- ments and endeavoring to do all that they are able to do for the advancement of their scholars. In the more essential branches of study the Committee found the several divisions of the schools ranking as high as they had reason to expect. In our public schools, of course, very little attention can be given beyond the rudi- ments of education, and in these, it is the wish of the Committee, and the object of the teachers, to make their pupils as familiar as practicable, in the time to be devoted to the purpose. The Committee were particu- larly gratified with the Reading and Spelling in School No. 1, in both of which exercises the first division of this school exhibited a commendable proficiency. As a large proportion of the scholars in the first divisions of 15 these schools have been rapidly advanced from the lower divisions, some of them almost from necessity, the Com- mittee did not expect to find them quite as well drilled and instructed as though they had been in those divis- ions for the usual time. It is sufficient to say, that they bore, in both schools, a very creditable examina- tion. The exhibitions which followed on the 19th of April, were largely attended by parents and friends of the school, and were both interesting and satisfactory." The November report speaks of School No. 1, as fol- lows : "We have been gratified in our frequent visits by the good discipline and neatness which prevail in its several departments, and the apparent interest and faithfulness of the teachers. At the semi-annual ex- amination the condition of the school was satisfactory, and we were especially pleased with the readiness and proficiency of the classes in the firstjlivision, under the immediate instruction of the Principal. The school, which was quite full at the commencement of the term, is now not entirely full in either of its divisions. Its condition is alike creditable to the teachers and the city." Of School No. 2, they say: "We have fre- quently visited this school during the past term, and held as usual the customary examinations of its classes. We are prepared to say, that these examinations have been highly creditable to the teachers, and satisfactory to us. The school has been, especially in its upper divisions, less full during the term than was expected at its commencement, and it is apparent that these di- visions have profitted by that circumstance." 16 WARREN SCHOOL. TEACHERS. GEORGE SWAN, Principal. WILLIAM BAXTER, Sub-Master. MARGARET VEAZIE, REBECCA M. PERKINS, JULIA A. WORCESTER. MARY A. OSGOOD, MARIA BROWN, MARY J. FULLER, Sub- Committee— GEORGE B. NEAL, CALVIN C. SAMPSON, WILLIAM N. LANE, H. K. FROTHINGHAM. In May, the Committee remark that "The condition and progress of the school, during the past term, has been most satisfactory in every respect, and without exception all the teachers, for their faithfulness, dili- gence and constant devotion to the best interests of the classes under their charge, as well as the general wel- fare of the school, merit the cordial approbation of the Committee. The orderly conduct of the pupils, both in the school rooms and at recess, has often been the subject of remark by those who have visited the school ; and for this essential characteristic of a well governed school, much credit should be awarded to the efficient Principal." The Committee speak particularly of the care given to the exercise of writing, and add, "an ex- amination of the writing books is sufficient to show that the instruction in Penmanship is unusually thorough and successful." " The pleasant and agreeable exer- cise of Singing has been continued through the term, under the tuition of the Principal, with such good re- sults, that the Warren School has become famous for its excellent vocal music, and many strangers have been attracted thither on that account." From the examination, which was thorough, the Committee were 17 satisfied that the school was accomplishing the purpose for which it was established. After the fall examina- tion, the Committee report : "This examination proves that the teachers have discharged their duties with faithfulness, and with the promotion of the best inter- ests of the school, and the proper training and disci- pline of their pupils ever in view." PRESCOTT SCHOOL. TEACHERS. JOSEPH T. SWAN, Principal. STACY BAXTER, Sub-Master. ASSISTANTS. SARAH M. CHANDLER, I ABBY L. SWAN, MARY JANE BROWN, JOSEPHINE M.' FLINT, H. A. T. DADLEY, FRANCES M. CLARK, HANNAH M. SAWYER, ELLEN M. WHEELER. Sub-Committee— JAMES ADAMS. A BR AM E. CUTTER, GUSTAVUS V. HALL, TIMOTHY T. SAWYER. In May, the Sub-Committee on this school report as follows : " The semi-annual examination of the Pres- cott School in all its departments was made in its pro- per season. A difference in the capacity and experi- ence of the several teachers was indicated by their, various degrees of success ; yet as a whole, the recita- tions were satisfactory to the Committee. From nearly the commencement of the year, the Principal of the School has been, not only in ill health himself, but has been afflicted by the severe sickness of several members of his family, and recently by the death of his wife and 18 youngest child. These sad bereavements have borne heavily upon his spirits and rendered it necessary for him to be out of school for many weeks. He is now absent from the city with the remaining members of his family, endeavoring to recruit his health and renew his courage. From this absence of the Principal, it is natural that some disarrangement of the school should result ; and it has been particularly noticeable in the relations of the several teachers to each other — questions as to their individual right having arisen and been the cause of some trouble ; but we are of opinion that no permanent evil is likely to ensue. In the examination of the records of corporal punishment made by several of the teachers we were impressed with the opinion that Section 14 of the School Regulations has not been pro- perly studied and observed. No better order was found, and no better recitations were heard, in rooms where the rod appeared to be the governing power, than in that where milder measures were generally adopted, and the rod used as authorised only by this Board in the rule referred to." In November, the Committee re- mark : "Early in the last term the school fell into a disturbed and unsatisfactory condition. Not only the Principal, but the First Assistant Female Teacher were compelled by sickness to be absent for several months. The Sub-Master was unfortunate in his temporary ad- ministration of the affairs of the school, and failed to secure the respect and confidence of the Assistant Teachers and the scholars ; several complaints from parents, of undue austerity in the discipline of their children, were made, one of which was formally brought before the entire Sub- Committee, who were constrained 19 by a sense of duty to withhold their approval of the course pursued by the teacher, upon which he tendered his resignation. We were, however, very fortunate in obtaining the services of Mr. Stacy Baxter, who has since been elected by the Board as successor to the for- mer Sub -Master. We regret that the salary paid him. is not more in accordance vvith his worth and with his previous position as a successful Principal of one of our Grammar Schools. We have recently made a thorough examination of each of the divisions, and can report the state of things generally about the school as entirely changed since last spring. The Principal has returned with his health restored, and there seems to be a preva- lence of good feeling, and unity of action among the teachers. The influence for good upon the whole school is very apparent. In the ability and tact of the Assist- ant Teachers, there is still a marked difference ; but they are all doing very well. The promotions from the Primary Schools have nearly filled all the ten rooms, and on several days more than five hundred scholars were present, and we now hope and expect that this school, so favored in the convenient and well-arranged building which it occupies, and the honored name which it bears, will stand before the community as one of its beautiful ornaments, indicating the true progress of New England civilization." 20 WINTHROP SCHOOLS. TEACHERS. No. 1. B. F. S. GRIFFIN, Principal. ASSISTANTS. SOPHIA W. PAGE, H. AUGUSTA ADAMS, SA.RAH A. ODELL. No. 2 SAMUEL S. WILLSON, Principal. ASSISTANTS. NANCY W. CASWELL, ELLEN A. RICHARDSON, ELIZABETH B. M. KNOX, ABBY M. CLARK. Sub-Committee— G. WASHINGTON WARREN, HENRY LYON, JOHN K. FULLER, JOHN SANBORN. - "The examinations of Winthrop Schools, Nos. 1 and 2, were conducted on different days during the week ending April 20th. From the result of these examina- tions and from the visits of the members of the Com- mittee during the term, they report both schools to be in excellent condition of discipline and study. A large number of scholars from both divisions of the school were admitted to the High School. All the teachers of the two schools are deemed by the Committee to be assiduous and faithful in their labors. In both schools particular attention is paid to music, with great benefit and success. The exhibitions of both schools gave great satisfaction to the large number of visitors who were pleased to attend them." 21 HIGH SCHOOL. TEACHERS. Principal, A. M. GAY. Sub-Master, CHARLES E. STETSON. ASSISTANT TEACHERS. KATHARINE WHITNEY, I SARAH A. GRIFFIN, FRANCES M. READ, MARY CURTIS. SUB-COMMITTEE. G. WASHINGTON WARREN, WILLIAM W. WHEILDON, NATHAN A. TUFTS, HENRY LYON. In May, the Sub-Comuiittee report : " The exami- nation occupied the different members of the Committee the principal portion of two weeks. Nearly fifty differ- ent classes were presented for examination. The exer- cises proved to the Committee that the pupils were instructed in a thorough as well as a familiar manner ; and that great pains were taken to make them under- stand the subject of their studies. It was ascertained that only a few pupils were disqualified for promotion, and in these cases with a little extra exertion it is hoped and believed the scholars will be able to rejoin their former classes. Six of the pupils admitted the present year, and six from the other classes, have expressed the desire of their parents that they should be allowed to attend to an English course. These applications and a wish somewhat generally expressed by the communi- ty, have determined the Committee to recommend that authority be given to establish an independent or par- allel course of English study to occupy about three years, and be substantially the same as the course pre- scribed for the English High School in Boston." 22 In November, the Committee say : "The Committee believe that these periodical examinations, occupying as they do about two months every year, show the im- portance of having a Superintendent of the Schools, who could assist the Committee in this duty. In fact, a Superintendent devoting his whole time to the interests of the schools, visiting some one more every day, and callin2; the attention of the Committee to such matter as might require it, would render the means of instruc- tion which are so amply provided by the city more use- ful and available. The High School still maintains the position which our community have assigned to it. The classification, the arrangement of studies, and the sys- tem of instruction pursued are as well adapted to the wants of the school as they can well be considering the number of scholars and the variety of studies pursued. The average attendance of the scholars is remarkable, being ninety-seven per cent, during the term." 23 GENERAL REMARKS. It needs no argument to prove, that any amount of money that can be spent advantageously, and wisely, for the education and real benefit of the children of Massachusetts, is cheerfully appropriated by her citi- zens ; and that in almost every town and city within her borders, liberality and generosity are shown in the provisions made for educational purposes. Good school- houses are provided, teachers are well paid, and School Committees are continually spurred to duty, by the ever prevailing sentiment, that the common school is the most precious of all public interests, and that as much is entrusted to them in its management much will be expected in return. The profession of the teacher, the nobleness of which has been so much remarked upon, needs but the industry and persevering interest of those who follow it, to ren- der it most honorable. Rightly viewed, it has more in it to encourage and stimulate to exertion than any other piofession ; for from faithful effort is sure to come that which will be a certain source of pride and satis- faction in the future — the building up of character and fame on foundations laid by the teacher's skill. Do our teachers realize this fact, and enter into their work as if they felt and were influenced by its greatness and importance ? Do they love it, and see in it a noble calling, worthy of their continued and never- failing attention ? Do they know the vast influence which they can exert upon the present and the future 24 by the management and guidance of the many minds placed under their control ? Do they think sufficiently of the future to be made up of the children of to-day ? and if conscious of that future, are they of the present, and of their duty every day to encourage, to make cheerful, hopeful and useful, the children who are with them, and looking up to them for influences in this direction ? It seems sometimes as if teachers could see nothing but drudgery in their profession, and were blind to the interesting and blessed influences with which they are surrounded, and the pleasant path of duty which is open before them. They chafe and fret at the activity and playfulness of childhood, puzzle over the reasons for what they call perversity, and shut their eyes to the great fact ever before them, of the constant progress and growth of good, the continued reaching out for healthier and freer development. Childhood must develope into manhood, and like the plants in their growth, it will have light and air and nourish- ment if they can be found : the root and the branches are seeking for what will give strength ; and faith in this fact, will alone fit the teacher to perform his part in giving direction and force to this development. Faith in the capabilities of children, and in their gen- eral tendency to do right, and watchfulness of what is mischievous and wrong, only to understand its cause, and if possible to bend the peculiarities and power which are behind it, to good uses. How can common schools be improved ? is the question always in the minds of those who are interested and working for that end.— And after so much has been said, and with truth too, about the difficulty of managing children, their 25 tendency to mischief and wrong, their evil home in- fluences, "the hard material which teachers have to deal with," — why may it not be well, for once, to turn attention to the teachers, to see if virtue cannot be found in a word of suggestion to them: To see if their estimate of their own calling is not below the standard requisite for the most efficient labor and success. We think there can be no doubt of the truth, that much is lost to our schools by forgetfulness of the real meaning of education, and of the dignity, importance and responsi- bility involved in the acceptance and occupancy of a teacher's post. We are almost prepared to believe that the whole matter of progress and improvement in the common schools of Massachusetts, is in the hands of the teachers. We have made these remarks, not because they are particularly applicable to our own schools, but as generally applicable to all schools, and as worthy of careful thought and consideration. The extracts we have given from the reports of the Sub-Committees are intended to show the condition of our schools, and we are happy to add that we believe they will compare favorably with other schools in the neighborhood. The generous appropriation made by the City Council, and the favor which it has received, show conclusively that there is no lack of encourage- ment on the part of the parents of the children, so far as willingness to be taxed is concerned ; indeed it has always been the case in Charlestown, that all classes of her citizens have favored liberal expenditures for schools. An incident which took place some years ago, and which it may not be out of place to relate, will give a very good idea of the state of feeling with 4 26 which applications for school appropriations have been met. An individual, whose journey through life had not always been by the pleasantest paths, was a uniform attendant at all town meetings, and almost as uni- formly an opposer of all new projects. He was more- over a speech-maker, and not unfrequently his remarks were characterised by severity and much distrust of the motives of those who favored increased expenditure of money for any purpose. On one occasion, the School Committee, to carry out some proposed improvement, had applied to the Finance Committee of the town for a considerable increase in the annual appropriation for the support of schools ; and feeling sure that the report, which was favorable to the application, when presented at the meeting, would meet with decided opposition from one person at least, and apprehensive that as the increase over the previous year was large, it might fail of acceptance, they had in a quiet way rallied as many as possible of those who would be sure to favor the meas- ure. The report was read, and as anticipated the old gentleman was on his feet in an instant. "I notice," said he, "that a very considerable addition is asked for. by the School Committee. Well ! the money is to be spent for the benefit of the children. Our schools can't be too good! The School Committee should never be cramped for want of means ! and to make everything sure, I propose an addition of two hun- dred dollars to the appropriation." The proposal was unanimously agreed to, and the report accepted. But willingness to be taxed is not all that is needed of the parents. There is a kind of encouragement which is too seldom extended to the schools. It is that which 27 grows out of immediate interest in the business of the school room, and which tells upon the deportment and the industry of the scholars. We call it properly, home influence, and it is the influence which keeps up the connection between the home and the school, and which while it gladdens the heart of the faithful teach- er, at the same time materially increases his responsi- bility. The child who takes with it to school the evi- dences of parental care and interest in its education, takes with it, as a general rule, a guarantee of fairness and attention on the part of the teachers ; and the teacher, if he fails of general inspiration in the duties of his calling, will be reminded of the necessity for care and thoroughness, by the neatness, good manners, and intelligence of the child well cared for at home. In closing this report, we think it proper to say that at the present time there is one great want with our schools, and if we include in it the Committee, the teachers and the parents, and add that it consists in a lack of life — a need of more energy and spirit, — we think we shall have stated about what is the true condition of things. We surrender our charge into the hands of the new Committee, advising them of where we have failed and where they may improve. By order of the Committee. TIMOTHY T. SAWYER, President. Charlestown, December, 1859. 28 GEO. B. NEAL, TREASURER, IN ACCOUNT WITH TRUSTEES OF CHARLESTOWN FREE SCHOOLS. Dr. 1859. Jan. 1, Tt Balance as per former account, . . . 658.60 " 5, Received of City Treasurer interest on $5000 note, 150.00 May 3, " " " $600 " 36.00 July 19, <" » " $5000 " 150.00 Cr. March 15. April .22. May 7, May 20, July 1, July 12, July 23, Sept. 14, Oct. 17, Nov. 15, Dec. 31, Dec. 31, Dec. 31, $994.60 By paid L. A. Elliott & Co. Cyclopaedia, No. 5, . . . • 3.50 » E. P. Dutton& Co., outline maps, 25.00 " J. B. & C. Wilson, case for High. School 57.56 " Wm. Cumston, rent of Piano, High School, . • . 11.33 " Smith, Knight & Tappan, diplo- mas, . 9.75 Elliott & White, Cyclopasdia No. 6, 3.50 E. S. Ritchie, bill, . . 13.31 " Mary Curtis, on account of salary, 12.50 Elliott & White, Cyclopasdia No. 7, 3.50 " Mary Curtis, on account of salary, 12.50 " S. D. Bassett,one quarter to date, 150.00 « Geo. Swan, rent of two Pianos, 20.00 " W. W. Wheildon, bill for printing, 26.50 348.95 Balance on hand,. ...... $645.65 $994.60 GEORGE B. NEAL, Treasurer. Charlestown, January 1, 1860. We the undersigned hereby certify that we have examined the within account and have compared the several items thereof with their respective vouchers, and find the balance on hand to be six hundred and forty -five 65-100 dollars, ($645.65,) W. W. WHEILDON. } GUSTAVUS V. HALL, I Committee. JOHN SANBORN, J Charlestown, Jan, 7, 1860. '