jyo * 6345. 55 V.2 t Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2011 with funding from Boston Public Library http://www.archive.org/details/annualreportofsc1862char ANNUAL REPORT SCHOOL COMMITTEE OF THE CITY OF CHARLESTOWN, DECEMBER, 1862. CHARLESTOWN : 18 6 3. SCHOOL REPORT The School Committee commenced their labors the present year, as usual, by making an estimate of the amount of money which would be requisite to carry on the schools till the 15th of February next, when the school-year closes. To that date, the salaries of the teachers, and others employed by the committee, as well as all the expenses for school purposes, have been, for a number of years past, made up. Our esti- mate this year was ^44.300, and we asked the City Council for a corresponding appropriation. Last year, the City's proportion of the income of the School Fund received from the State, was;^817.83; and the Fi- nance Committee of the City Council put into their report, " for the support of Schools ^^43.500, and the amount of this income to be received this year ; " and their report was adopted by the City Council. The amount received from the State this year was ^912.59, which with the ^43.500.00, makes ^4.412.59 the appropriation for the school-year before mentioned. The amount expended to this date, is ^37.217.71, which leaves a balance of §7.194.88. Our estimate of the expenses for the remainder of the year (to Feb, 15,) exceeds this amount, by at least ^1500. For several years past, we have endeavored to keep our expenses within the appropriation, and we have been successful — in some years leaving a large balance to our credit, which has been transferred to other appro- priations by the City Council; and we regret to report a deficiency this year. We think, however, that we have such an explanation to give, as will verify the correctness of our estimate at the commencement of the year, and justify our action in authorizing expen- ses beyond its limits. The items in our estimate which will be exceeded in expenditure, are Repairs of School-rooms, School Furniture, Stoves and repairs, and Contingencies. It has been the custom of the Board, to appoint a sub-committee to see that the necessary cleaning up and small repairs are attended to, during the six weeks vacation in the summer ; and a small amount is asked for in our estimate, as needed for this purpose. This year, that committee was in- struct(3cl to inform the Committee on City Property, of the City Council, that alterations would be necessary in the Winthrop and Bunker-Hill School Houses, to accommodate the increased number of scholars in those schools ; and also, that certain repairs were ne- cessary in other school houses, which have always been made by that committee, and paid for out of other appropriations than that for support of schools. These alterations and repairs, which were all absolutely necessary, were made ; and the new rooms in the Win- throp and Bunker-Hill Schools, and also one of the Intermediate Schools, were furnished with desks, chairs, and other things essential to the comfort and convenience of those who occupy them ; and towards these expenses, bills have been passed by the School ('ommittee, amounting to ^1.840.05. All of these bills, according to custom heretofore, should have been provided for by the Committee on City Property. As, however, at the time the work was being done, it was supposed that the School Appropriation would be more than suthcient, and the City's Appropriation for Contingencies, to which they would otherwise have to be charged, was being drawn upon largely for extra- ordinary expenses this year, it was thought best, by both Committees, to charge these bills to the School appropriation. But the high price of fuel this year, which is the only item on which any considerable al- lowance is ever made in our estimate, has occasioned a different state of things from what was expected by the two Committees, and left no margin in our appro- priation for these unusual expenses. There is another matter which we desire to explain in anticipation. At the close of the financial year, (March 1,) there will be a balance against the Appropriation for Schools, in addition to what we have already mentioned, of ^1.507.12. This will arise from the fact, that the date of the payment of the Teachers' Roll has been altered, for the convenience of the City Officers, and to make the School conform to the' Financial year ; so that on the 1st of March next they will have been paid for twelve and a half months, instead of for a year — the ^1.507.12 being just the amount of one half month additional pay. These changes which have been referred to, will of course make no differ- ence, so far as the expenses of the City are concerned ; but the explanation we have thought necessary, in order to show what the usual expenses for the sup- port of schools will be for the present year ; and that they will not vary much from the appropriation of ^M.5 12.59. CONDITION OF SCHOOL HOUSES. The High School House will need to be painted throughout, the coming Spring, and at the same time economy and health will be promoted if furnaces and improved ventilators are put into the building. The Winthrop and Bunker-Hill have been much improved by recent alterations and repairs, and the addition of several new rooms has afforded temporary relief from their over-crowded condition. Similar improvements to those made about the Winthrop, are very much needed at the Harvard School ; and all the Grarhmar School Houses are suffering for paint on the outside. A proper regard to economy will require attention to this as early in the Spring as the weather will permit. In the list of expenses for Schools, the item of stoves and repairs is always a large one, and we believe it will be an economical and judicious expenditure, if all the Grammar School Houses are provided with furna- ces and hot air pipes before another winter. All the Grammar Schools are inconveniently full; and the time cannot be far distant when another will have to be formed, and a building erected for its accommoda- tion. Better accommodations for some of the Primary Schools are also needed, and a new Primary School House in Ward Three, is a necessity at the present moment. MUSIC. During the year, we think much has been accom- plished Jn instruction in Music. On the 22d of May, Mr. W. H. Goodwin was elected teacher, and since that date he has had charge of all the schools. He is a teacher of ability, and his influence over his pu- pils is, we think, good. They are carefully drilled in the rudiments of the science, and thoroughly taught as far as they go. In the selection of pieces for their exercises, regard is had to the sentiment as well as to the music, and an impression for good, in stirring the patriotism, encouraging devotional thoughts, or strengthening good resolutions, is believed to be left on the minds of the pupils. The committee were unanimous in making the appropriation for this study, and they are equally unanimous in the opinion that the expenditure has been a wise one. The influence of music, as it has been taught and used in our schools the past year, must have been decidedly beneficial to teachers and pupils ; and we have no doubt that the homes of many of the children have been made more cheerful and happy, by the sound and sentiment of school songs. And in addition to cheerfulness of mind, which the exercise of singing certainly induces, is the gain to health which the proper exercise of the vocal powers unquestionably affords. On the 10th and 11th of December, the Committee on Music, being authorized by a vote of the Board, and believing that it would be a source of gratification to parents, ar- ranged two rehearsals, by a portion of the scholars from the Warren and Harvard Schools, at the City Hall, to the first of which the parents of the children attending the Harvard School were invited, and to the second the parents of the Warren School children, the hall not being large enough to accommodate all at one time. The entertainment, which was successful, afforded an opportunity to the parents, which they could not have had at the school houses, to see what was being done with music ; it was highly grati- fying to the children, and will, we think, increase their interest in the study. The intention is to have similar exhibitions of the Bunker-Hill, Winthrop and Prescott scholars, in the month of January. PRIMAEY SCHOOLS. In February, Miss E. R. Hamilton, on account of ill health, resigned the situation of teacher of Primary School, No. 15, and Miss Mary C. Sawyer, appointed in her place, was, on the 16th of May, elected to fill the vacancy. Miss S. Worthen, teacher of No. 17, also resigned April 17, and the vacancy was filled by the election of Miss Susan E. Ethridge, on the 16th of May. Several of the teachers have been absent from their schools for some weeks at a time, on account of ill health, and their places have been supplied by substitutes. In some instances, the sub-committees have reported the schools as suffering from this change ; in others, competent and experienced persons have been appointed, and have kept up the discipline and instruction of the schools. It is very important that persons acting as substitutes for absent teachers, should be qualified to take charge of the schools ; and the care of such children as attend them should not be, 9 even for a short time, entrusted to those who are not interested in the employment. With one or two ex- ceptions, the Primary Schools have been managed, during the past year, upon the same plan as hereto- fore ; and the reports upon them have been generally satisfactory. Some of the teachers are always com- mended in the highest terms, and most of those now employed must be properly considered as faithful and successful. A few, for want of tact, or energy, or nat- ural fitness for the care of young children, have been unable to present their scholars to the sub-committees in a favorable light, and the shadow is apparent in the semi-annual reports. Some of the schools are over crowded, and are so located that they suffer from irreg- ularity in attendance ; but in such cases, the sub-com- mittees make all due allowance, and are careful that to the annoyances and perplexities growing out of such a state of things, unfavorable mention to the whole committee shall not be added. Discussions have frequently taken place at the Board, on the sub- ject of grading the schools, upon a plan adopted in some other cities and towns, and in April a vote was passed authorizing the committee on Nos. 25 and 26, which occupy rooms in the same building, on Bunker- Hill Street, to divide the scholars into two grades — ■ giving to one teacher all the youngest classes, and to the other the older ones, arranging the studies in each to conform to the change. In November, the sub- committee on schools Nos. 1 6 and 24, were authorized to make the same change. The experiment has not yet been reported upon, but is being fairly tried, and if successful other schools will be arranged in the 2 10 same way. The plan is to allow the little children, in the lowest division, more freedom, and to have their instruction principally oral ; while the upper division can be more fittingly employed in the study of books. In other cities where the plan has been adopted in the Primary Schools, it is said their order has been much improved, and their efficiency increased. INTERMEDIATE SCHOOLS. On the 15 th of May, Miss Ann Nowell, teacher of Intermediate No. 1, resigned, and Miss E. Miles was appointed in her place. The sub-committee, in his report says : " The school has not, apparently, suffered by the change. The new teacher has generally se- cured the confidence and respect of the scholars, and is faithful and efficient." The introduction of desks and seats instead of chairs, has done much in aid of the discipline of the school The committee on this school expresses some doubts in regard to the value of our Intermediate Schools; and questions whether the class of children who attend them would not be under better influences, if they were placed in the Primary and Grammar Schools, according to their ages. He says the school has been large during the past winter and spring, and included among its pupils are rough, unmannerly boys, from twelve to fourteen years of age, who are hard to manage, and whose example is dele- terious to the interests of the school, as it also includes many small boys and girls about nine years of age, who, thoagh backward in their studies, are well behaved, and who have been sent from the Primary iSchools only on 11 account of their age. He thinks the older scholars could be put into the Grammar Schools, in divisions, to be under the charge of female teachers, but subject to the discipline and oversight of a master — while the younger ones could be returned to the Primary Schools. This is a different view of the matter from that which has formerly been taken by committees on these schools. Last year one of the reports on Intermediate School, No. 2, contained the remark, that the working of the school had convinced the committee " that some of the Primary School teachers were too much inclined to neglect their dull and sluggish minded pupils," and it may be that there are evils of this kind which have grown out of the establishment of Intermediate Schools. At any rate, the suggestions of the sub- committee on School No. 1, will have the careful at- tention of the Board ; and if the disadvantages of the present arrangement of Intermediate Schools exceed the advantages, action will be taken to remedy the difficulty. The report on School No. 2, notices the removal of the school from the basement of the Prescott School House to the rear of Vv^ard Room No. 3, which had been fitted up with new desks and seats. The condi- tion of the school, the committee say, is excellent, the discipline perfect, and the school is governed without noise or force. The teacher, by her patient efforts in their behalf, wins the love and respect of her pupils, and exercises an influence over them which is more potent than the rod, and which they will bear with them through life. 12 WAREEN SCHOOL. TeacIiea'S. GEORGE SWAN, Principal. WILLIAM BAXTER, Snb-Master. Afsistajits. MARY A. OSGOOD, JULIA A. WORCESTER, MARIA BROWN, HENRIETTA J. MERRILL, MARGARET VEAZIE, VICTORIA A. M. L. DADLEY. MARY J. FULLER, GEORGE B. NEAL, ■) HENRY C. GRAVES, V Sub-Committee. THOMAS DOANE, > The committee report upon the condition of this school as follows : " The last examination took place just before the close of the summer term, when many of the scholars, among whom were some of the best, had gone away into the country and elsewhere to spend their vacation ; and the school did not appear to good advantage on this account. The first class, under the charge of the Principal, was examined in a most careful and thorough manner. The answers to the questions asked were, with a very few exceptions, given promptly and correctly, and it was evident that the pupils had a good understanding of all the studies which they had been pursuing. The class undt^r the charge of the sub-master, did not appear as well as on former occasions. Both divisions alike failed greatly in all their studies. This may be accounted for, in a great measure, by the fact that the teacher had been obliged to be absent from school for a long time on account of severe illness, and his place had been sup- plied by female teachers, until six weeks before the close of the term, when it was found necessary to em- ploy a master. The late sub-master of the Bunker- Hill School had charge of the division during this 13 time, and performed his duties satisfactorily. The other classes in the school were found not to be as well qualified in their studies as they should have been, particularly the second divisions of each class. The appointment of an additional female teacher to the school will allow the Principal to have a more particular charge and oversight of all the classes, and the school will doubtless be very much benefitted by the change." BUNKER-HILL SCHOOL. Teaclaers. WILLIAM H. SANDERS, Principal. ANNIE M. LUND, * JUDITH C. WALKER, CAROLINE PHIPPS, ABBY F. CROCKER, MARTHA A. BIGELOW, FRANCES S. LOTHROP, PHEBE A. KNIGHT, SARAH J. MILLS, MARY S. THOMAS, MARIA T. DELANO. CHARLES F. SMITH, ^ WILLIAM H. FINNEY. >- Sub-Committee. A. L. PAINE, ) " This school was found on examination, to be, for the most part in a prosperous condition. The Principal is a thorough and comprehensive teacher, and we were well pleased with the manner in which most of the pupils acquitted themselves. Much administrative ability in the Principal of a school of seven or eight divisions, is requisite for the proper management and direction of its afiairs. The teachers having various and favorite theories of their own, are generally de- termined to carry them out, if possible. The Princi- pal of this school fails somewhat in this respect — he 14 seems to be reluctant to assume a firm stand, and to insist on having his suggestions carried out by his assistants. The second division of the school was under the charge of a sub-master till June, when a female assist- ant was appointed. Its condition was not at all satis- factory. The recitations were of an inferior order, and there was a noticeable lack of interest and animation on the part of the pupils. They were satisfied with very imperfect lessons, and were thorough in but a small portion of the text books. The new teacher is an excellent disciplinarian, and after she assumed the management of the division there was a gratifying change in the conduct of the pupils. The third and fourth divisions passed very satisfac- tory examinations, with the exception of spelling in the fourth division. The fifth division was partially examined in May, and found to be in a very unsatisfactory condition. At the examination in July, there was improvement man- ifest in the limited space in the text books which is assigned to this division. But there had been no re- view of those portions taught in the lower divisions, notwithstanding it was known that the committee would insist on examining from the beginning of the book. In the sixth division the same want of thorough- ness was manifest — no review had been made^ — the first lessons in geography seemed to have been for- gotten by the pupils, and they had but a very imper- fect idea of the location of the cities and towns of our own State, or any of the New England States, their 15 productions, or the occupation of their inhabitants — and the recitations generally were poor. The seventh division passed a very satisfactory ex- amination. The teacher is well worthy of the position Avhich she occupies — she is diligent, faithful, and al- ways ready to follow suggestions from the Committee or Principal. The eighth division has been under the charge of a substitute since March. Miss Caroline S. Bigelow, the late teacher, was obliged, on account of ill health, to ask for leave of absence, which the Board granted till September ; but before the expiration of June her disease (consumption) terminated fatally. 3Iiss Big- eloiv was an eocceUent young lady^ a faithful and suc- cessful teacher, and her memorg will he precious to her pupils and friends. Her successor is a competent and faithlul teacher, and we were much pleased with the good order and general excellence of the recitations of this division. Since the vacation, the system of parallel divisions has been adopted in this school, Miss Bigelow taking the second division. Misses Lund and Crocker the two third. Misses Phipps and Thomas the two fourth, and Misses Knight and Walk- er the two fifth. Two additional rooms have been fitted up in the basement, capable of holding sixty pupils each ; they are entirely above ground, well lighted, and were much needed, as the school was overrunning before the promotions from the Primary Schools, when one hundred were added to the list of its scholars." 16 WIN THE OP SCHOOL. Teacliers. B. F. S. GRIFFIN, Prmcipal. CALEB MURDOCK, Sab-Masler. SOPHIA W. PAGE, ' AMELIA R. HAMILTON, NANCY M. CASWELL, ARABELLA P. MOULTON, ANN M. HOBBS, MARY F. GOLDTHWAITE, SARAH H. WOODMAN, EMILY B. BROWN, ABBY M. CLARK, HARRIET L. LADD. BENJAMIN F. BROWN, ~) JAMES LEE, Je. I sub-CommUtee HERBERT CURTIS, f ^'^o-i.ommutee. JAMES B. MILES, j The sub-committee report as follows : " At the com- mencement of the year, when we entered upon our duties, we found this school in a very unsatisfactory condition. There seemed to be no system of instruc- tion, but each teacher acted independently of the oth- ers, and often in a manner that indicated a lack of zeal and energy in their work, and with none of that en- thusiasm with which its importance should fill them. Enough ground had been gone over, but there was a lack of thoroughness in the work done. We felt it our duty, therefore, to visit the school frequently, and to endeavor to wake up the teachers to a livelier in- terest in its affairs ; and believing the inspired decla- ration that ' faithful are the wounds of a friend,' we spoke plamly of faults, while we commended virtues. Often calling the teachers together to advise with them in regard to the welfare of the school, we indicated what progress would be expected of the pupils, what mental discipline they should have, and the amount and quality of the information they should receive. We also called particular attention to Sect. 4th of the School Regulations, which is now strictly enforced ; 17 and by this means succeeded in breaking up a habit of collecting about the door-ways, and in the streets in the vicinity of the school-house, to the annoyance and inconvenience of the neighborhood. During the summer vacation, the request of the Board for improvements in and about the building, was complied with by the committee of the City Coun- cil who have the care of the public buildings, and we are happy to report that neatness and convenience now mark the appearance of things about the A^^in- throp School House. The internal arrangements of the building have also been so altered and improved as to add much to the comfort of the school. In June, in compliance with a vote of the Board, the school was put under the single headed system, Mr. B. F. S. Griffin ha^dng been elected PrincipaL Mr. Caleb Murdock was elected Sub-master, and Miss H. L. Ladd appointed First Assistant. The school was graded the last week of the term, and now consists of one First Division, two Second, two Third, two Fourth, and three Fifth Divisions. Although all our teachers are not what we could wish, yet we hope, under the present system, they will become not only acceptable, but excellent. Our examination was a thorough and practical one and although the school is far from what we could desire it to be, we think we can report it to be in a prosperous condition." 3 18 FRESCO TT SCHOOL. Teacfiiers. JOSEPH T. SWAN, Principal. Assistants, SARAH M. CHANDLER, ELLEN C. DICKENSON, H. A. T. DADLEY, MARY E. FALL, HAMNAH M, SAWYER, MARY G. PRICHARD, ABBY L. SWAN, EMMA L, WHITING, JOSEPHINE M. FLINT, FRANCES M. CLARK. AMY E. BRADFORD, NATHAN A. TUFTS, ^ S?HN Ia^o'rN, [ Sub.Comn>ittee. TIMOTHY T. SAWYER, J The committee remark, in their report, that they have made frequent visits and given much time to the school in its several departments, and they think their labors have been attended with good results. The health of the Principal is now good, and he is active in the performance of all his duties. The change made in the school, by the substitution of female as- sistants for a sub-master, has added much to his labors ; but he has done all that has been required of him with promptness and zeal, and to our satisfaction. We were not in favor of the new system, especially when applied to large schools like the Prescott ; but as yet no great inconvenience has been experienced by the change. We have been fortunate in securing an able teacher to take the place of the sub-master. The examinations were conducted by the several mem- bers of the committee, each having assigned him two or more divisions, and it is believed that all the scholars have had an opportunity to be heard in all the studies pursued. The result of the examination was gratify- ing and satisfactory, showing a good degree of readi- 19 ness and proficiency on the part of the pupils, and industry and adaptation of the teachers. The first division, under the immediate care of the Principal, and the second and third divisions, were examined by the chairman of the committee, who found them in excellent condition in respect to disci- pline and attainments. Twenty-one of the pupils passed a successful examination for the High School. The sub-committees who attended to the examination of the other divisions, severally reported favorably upon their condition. One says '• the teachers ap- peared to be qualified for their positions, and I have no doubt the pupils will progress in their studies, and do well under their supervision and care. Good order prevails, and the children appear neat and cleanly." Another remarks that the teacher is active and inter ested in her work ; her school afi"ords evidence of this The exercises were all satisfactory, and the division and teacher are entitled to a decidedly favorable re- port. Of another division, he says : " in the short time which the teacher has been employed, she has accom- plished all that could reasonably be expected of her. She has good control of her scholars, and there was much in the exercises to show ability and judgment in teaching." The remaining divisions were found, on the whole, in a satisfactory condition. The school is very full, and in some divisions there is a large excess of scholars more than can be accommodated. If a portion of the hall was appropriated for a new divi- sion, it would, for the present, relieve the school. The room in the basement is objected to, by many parents, as damp and unhealthy. This also might be remedied 20 by converting the hall into two school-rooms. It would cause inconvenience in the singing exercise, to give up the hall, but it had better be done than to overcrowd the rooms or overtax the teachers. Mr. Goodwin has commenced the instruction in music un- der favorable circumstances ; we have endeavored to impress on the Principal and his assistants the import- ance of this exercise, and all now appear to engage in it with much interest. There can be no doubt that singing has a favorable influence on the life of a school, and contributes much to the happiness of the scholars. HARVARD SCHOOL. Tcaclies's. JOSFPH B. MORSE, Principal. Assistants. ANN E. WESTON, ELIZABETH SWORDS, SARAH E. ARCHER, ABBY B. FISKF, MARTHA BLOOD, LUCY L. BURGESS, HANNAH E. BLISS, MARTHA M. FILSBURY. JAMES ADAMS, ") EDWIN F. ADAMS, i Sub-Commi/iee. ABRAM E. CUTTER, )> The committee say ; " It was duly examined, but owing to the changes incident to the adoption of a somewhat diiferent system of organization of the school, and to a great amount of absence in the older divisions during the time of the examination, we can- not give a detailed report that will do justice to the school or the teachers. We have great confidence in the Principal, and have no doubt that the school will stand high at the next semi-annual examination, when we hope to give a full and thorough report." 21 HIGH SCHOOL. Teachers. CHARLES E. STETSON, Principal. GEORGE W. WARREN, Sub- Master. Assistants. KATHARINE WHITNEY, • MARY CURTIS, FRANCES M. READ, HARRIET E. LOVETT. TIMOTHY T. SAWYER, ] JAMES B. MILES, | HENRY LYON, } Sub Committee. - NATHAN A. TUFTS, | HENRY C. GRAVES, J During the term ending in July, the teachers have been faithful in their instruction, and successful in their endeavors to maintain the good character and standing of the school 'J'he graduating class of this year consisted of twenty-three girls, and seven boys, to each of whom a diploma was presented on the day of the public examination, July 18th. The exercises on the occasion were conducted by the teachers as last year. A large number of visitors were present, and the expression of satisfaction and gratification w^as general among them. The committee think that the high praise bestowed upon the school by intelli- gent ladies and gentlemen who w^ere present, not only for excellence in the recitations, but for the correct deportment of the scholars, was richly dcov.^ ed. Dil- igence and attentive mterest, on the part of teachers and scholars, could alone produce the state of things exhibited on the day in question. The private exam- ination by members of the committee, which took place at an earlier date, was in all respects satisfac- tory. The examination of candidates for admission to the school took place on the 14th of July. Of the 22 ninety-nine examined, thirty-seven girls and twenty- seven boys were admitted without conditions — seven girls and eight boys conditionally. Seventy-six of this number appeared after the vacation, and entered upon the prescribed course of study. Miss West, one of the teachers, resigned at the end of the term in July, and the experiment of carrying on the work of the school with the remaining teach- ers, was tried for some time after the close of the va- cation ; but it was found that another teacher was necessary, and Miss Lovett was appointed. We annex a list of the different branches of study pursued in the school, which are divided into two de- partments, the General Department, and the Classi- cal Department, which will give some idea of the duties of the teachers, and the time which they must necessarily devote to them. As has been said in another report, " they have a great deal of service to distribute over a few hours daily, and are expected to aid the understanding and engage the attentive inter- est of the pupils by much explanatory and simplify- ing information, so that the pupils will not have to rely upon or be satisfied with the mere words of the text books." Four of the boys graduating this year have entered college — three at Harvard, and one at Amherst. 23 GENERAL DEPARTMENT. Fourth Class — Fikst Year. Arithmetic (Greenleaf's National.) Chemistry (Stockhardt.) Physiology (Cutter's First Book.) Physical Geography (Warren's) commenced. Andrews' Latin Lessons — Reader and Grammar. Reading (Sargent's Fifth Rea'der) — Spelling and Defining. Declamation — Writing of Topics — Singing. Third Class — Second Year. Algebra (Robinson's.) Ancient History. Physical Geography, finished. Latin Reader, finished — Coesar's Commentaries, or Nepos, com- menced — Latin Grammar (Etymology.) Rhetoric (Part First, History of English Language.) French, commenced (Fasquelle's Exercises ) Composition — Declamation — Map Drawing — Singing. Second Class — Third Year. Geometry — Trigonometry — Surveying. Natural Philosophy, commenced — Mechanics. History of Middle Ages and England. Caesar, finished — Cicero's Select Orations. Latin Grammar (Syntax ) French, continued — Fasquelle's Exercises, finished. Rhetoric (Part Second : Punctuation) — Composition — Decla- mation. Lectures in Natural Philosophy — Singing. First Class — Fourth Year. Natural Philosophy (pursued) — Hydrostatics — Pneumatics. Acoustics — Electricity — Magnetism. Astronomy. Botany, with analysis of plants. French — Translations from French into English, and from En- glish into French — Noel & Chapsal's French Grammar. Constitution of United States, (Shepard.) Virgil (^^neid) — Latin Grammar (Prosody.) Zoology (Agassiz &. Gould's.) Rhetoric, finished — English Literature. Composition — Declamation — Singing. 24 CLASSICAL DEPARTMENT Third Yeak. Cicero's Select Orations. l^atin Grammar (Syntax.) Latin Prose Composition. Greek Lessons. Xenophon's Anabasis, commenced. Greek Grammar (Etymology.) Fourth Year. Virgil (Bucolics, Georgics, and the ^neid.) Latin Grammar (Prosody.) Latin Prose Composition, Xenophon's Anabasis, finished. Homer's Iliad. Greek Prose Composition. Greek Grammar (Syntax and Prosody.) The Schools, Teachers and Scholars, at this date, January 1, 1863, number as follows: 29 Primaries. 29 Teachers. 2069 Scholars. 2 Intermediate. 2 " 128 " 5 Grammar. 54 " 2461 1 High. 6 " 136 1 Teacher of Music. 37 S3hools. 92 Teachers. 4794 Scholars. Other information in regard to the Schools is given in the following tables. SCHOOL EETUfiNS, AT THE SEMI-ANNUAL EXAMINATIONS. SCHOOLS. Term ending July, 1862. December 31, 1862. High School, ------ Bunker-Hill School. - - - - Warren School, - - - . - Winthrop School, - - - - Harvard School. - - - - - Prescott School, - - - - - Intermediate Scliool, No. 1, do. do. No. 2, 140 576 441 631 456 718 94 99 46 290 217 311 250 386 55 45 94 286 224 3-20 206 332 39 54 115 467 356 453 383 563 73 72 36 228 177 226 216 293 41 40 ni < o £.S tofl « "^ pj < 79 239 179 227 167 270 32 32 124 112 86 29 391 384 11 456 349 336 11 345 411 382 15 438 291 290 9 374 477 486 18 545 44 56 73 54 64 150 72 2141 2110 2332 28i 148 106? 632 62 S 456 136 567 56< 478 112 734 10 123 20 75 3155 1600 1555 2482 1257 1225 2141 2110 150 2332 530'3213 1588 1625 272511312 1413 2335'159 2566 196 m ~ Term en ding July, 1863. ~ ' I : — Dec emt er .31, 1862 Sub-ffiominittefs |rimiir2 S^chools. L ocatioE of s=- SS ,; .. = s,i i-o . IrianraSdwls. %i. li . %i L i CC PEIMAET -.S. . _; S) = g'i „• . 5^ t\ \Q «*-. ^ ® >. 'Z K o »• t; £t3 " " o" ,t: „ -. .o ,* sj " o >. •^ ^ s >,. — » = o c ^ Teachers' Names. School Houses. gi a a Is n O "% w a l.'S ll'^.Sj Teachers' Names, |i o "^ c > s ^\ 1 ^ Primary Schools. 1 Ellen M. Criifts, Charles Street, 1^7 6S .59 108 ,5fi 52 70 84 43 41 105] 3 fi/EUenM. Crafts, 114 57 57 98 45 4f 70 93 4, A. L. Paine, '^ Elizabeth W. Yeaton, Mead 111 (iO r.i 92 52 40 ,57 81 47 34 92 SJElizabpth AV. Yeaton, 108 60 48 68 40 «8 64 68 51 Wm. H. Finney, s Maria J. Smith, Mead ff>. RO 82 72 45 27 ,50 51 34 17 72 12 (Maria J. Smith, 82 50 •^■>. 67 48 24 51 67 4 Thomas Doane, 4 Malvina B. Skilton, Mead 9o 41 54 84 85 49 62 70 28 42 84 4)MalvinaB. Skilton, 88 36 52 75 80 45 69 75 3 Thomas Doane, s Martha R. Hale, Elm Sfi 4.') 41 78 41 87 ,58 63 34 29 78 15?Martha R. Hale, 77 85 4'< 68 811 88 58 63 7j Charles F. Smith, fi Frances Hichborn, Medford " ini 42 59 80 8(i 44 62 56 27 29 80 6 (Frances Hichborn, 81 35 46 35 40 75 3 Henry C. Graves, 7 Mary A. Foster, Boylston Chapel, fin 82 28 49 25 24 48 45 22 28 48 1 8 (Mary A. Foster. 69 82 37 60 25 85 47 57 3 1 Henry Lyon, (■ Alice S. Wiley, Cross Street. 97 4S 49 70 88 82 52 48 28 20 69 1 8(Alice S.Wiley, 75 84 41 70 82 88 ,50 70 1 Abram E. Cutter, ^. Ellen T. Knis;ht, Cross " 97 49 4S 75 89 86 54 62 33 29 V4 i S^EllenT. Knight, 74 40 84 68 88 81) 52 66 2 2 Abram E. Cutter, 1( Louisa A. Pratt, Common m H7 '5,5 84 8H 48 ,57 76 32 44 84 2 ^Louisa A. Pratt, 84 86 48 66 8;', 84 54 66! 2 Benjamin F. Brown, 11 Joanna S.Putnam, Common " 90 49 41 7(i 40 80 58 63 34 29 76 6 f Joanna S. Putnam, 74 41 83 60 88 27 48 60 4 James B. Miles, v; Ellen M. Armstead. Bow KiS 41 (i7 87 88 ,54 .50 73 28 4o 87 8 Ellen M. Armstead, 114 48 71 90 82 58 63 90 1 James Adams, i;- C. W. Trowbridge, Bow " 99, 49 48 87 44 48 .57 65 8.T 30 87 9^C. W.Trowbridge, 100 48 ,52 82 88 44 62 82 6 Edwin F. Adams, 14 Sarah E. Smith, Bow KW .'57 4S 89 44 45 61 65 82 83 89 17(Sarah E.Smith, 99 51 48 80 48 87 69 ,80 4! Nathan A. Tufts, l.i Mary C. Sawyer, Bow US 7fi 72 77 89 88 60 40 18 22 76 1 25 (Mary C. Sawyer, 114 60 54 80 45 35 56 80 7 Timothy T. Sawyer, Ih Elizabeth R. Brewer, Common " 9:i 42 ,')! 78 8,5 88 ,51 ,58 26 27 V3 5 (Elizabeth R. Brower, 75 87 88 61 26 35 45 61 7 Benjamin F. Brown, 17 Susan E. Etheridge, Moulton sx 41 42 (i9 81 88 ,58 64 82 82 69 6 ( Susan E. Etheridge, 82 42 40 66 86 80 54 66 John Sanborn, U Lydia M. Butts, Moulton *' 9fi 4.T 51 70 80 84 56 64 38 81 70 9 Lydia M. Butts, 86 46 40 75 88 87 ao 75 John Sanborn, It Louisa W. Huntress, Moulton ** lOS .iO 55 81 40 41 ,58 68 82 81 81 6(LouisaW. Huntress, 96 47 49 78 40 88 60 78 .Tames Lee, Jr. 'if Matilda Gilman, Soley 9fi .58 48 07 87 80 49 56 81 2-3 67 18(M.atilda Gilman, 81 48 88 57 80 :^7 46 57 5 Nathan A. Tufts, 1^1 Frances E. Everett, Sullivan " K9 ,88 5fi 7« 41 85 55 65 86 29 76 25<Frances E. Everett, 72 46 26 68 44 24 54 681 3 Herbert Curtis, '^M Frances M. Lane, Sullivan 9.1 .57 8S 79 47 82 .59 77 49 ■Ah 79 23 (Frances M. Lane, 87 55 82 70 45 25 57 70 2 Herbert Curtis, % Helen G. Turner, Haverhill " ^ IM 60 (io 97 48 49 86 88 42 46 9'( etHelen O.Turner, 91 49 42 76 44 82 70 76 5 George B. Neal, •24 Cath. C. Brower, Common " 98 4,5 4K 84 42 42 62 67 81 86 84 5 C. C. Bn.wcr, 97 48 49 74 39 85 60 74 7 George B. Neal, Vo Adaline M. Smith, Bunker-Hill " fifi 4<1 V.« 02 8fi 26 .52 59 38 21 62 lOSAdalini- M. Smith, 68 88 8(1 .52 28 24 44 52 2 Andrew J. Locke, •2h Fannie B. Hall, Bunker-Hill " 9.1 4fi 47 84 87 47' 5S 65 29 86 84 10 Fannie B. Hall, lOo .54 51 92 48 44 61 92 9, Andrew J. Locke, 27 Susan V. Moore, Bunker-Hill " 91 47 44 71 88 83 45 58 3(1 2t 71 12(Susan V.Moore, Oj Jane B. Loring, 98 54 44 72 87 85 47 72 3 A. L. Paine, '2t Jane B. Loring, Moulton 1(1(1 ,5(1 ,50 82 41 41 62 70 84 8b 82 64 37 27 55 82 23 4o 5,5 James Lee, Jr. 29 Pamelia E. Delano, Mead 100 4S 62 85 48 42 47 68 34 34 85 12.^Pamelia E. Delano, 96 44 76 41 35 49 76 4 Wm. H, Finney. 2S26 1411 141.5 2288 11,5,5 11,88 1632 18.59 952 907 2281 7 285; 2546 1301 1245 2069 1069!l0n0 1605 2064 5 94 25 The salaries of the teachers this year have been as follows : Principal of the High School, $1,400 Sub-Master " " " 900 1st Assistant " " " ...... 600 2cl " " " " 450 3d " " " " 375 4th " " " " 325 Principals of the Grammar Schools, each, . . . 1200 Sub-Masters " " " " . . . . 800 Assistants " " " " . $275, 300, 325 Teachers of the Intermediate " " . . . . 350 Teachers of the Primary Schools, " . $275,300,325 The Assistants of the Grammar, and the Teachers of the Primary Schools, are paid ^275 for the first year, ^300 for the second, and ^325 for the third. From the last published Annual Report of the Board of Education, we take the following, which may be interesting, we think, to our citizens. In the table showing the comparative amount of money appropri- ated by the different towns in the State, for the educa- tion of each child between the ages of five and fifteen years, Charlestown stands No. 11, higher than any other city ; and in the County, No. 4. In the tables showing the per centage of valuation appropriated, Charlestown stands No. 21, the highest city in the State; and in the County, No. 2. In the table in which all the towns in the State are numerically ar- ranged according to the average attendance of their children, Charlestown stands No. 69, higher than any of the cities except Lynn ; and in the County, No. 14. 4 26 The condition of the Schools, according to the judg- ment of the several Sub-Committees, can be seen in the foregoing extracts from their reports. The Board feel that the facts in the case will warrant the state- ment, that as a whole they are in a prosperous con- dition. We have authorized some changes during the year, which we believe to be improvements in the management of the Schools. At our meeting in March, an order was offered to change the system in the Grammar Schools, where two Principals were em- ployed, and to place them under a single head on and after the first Monday in June. A rule of the Board fixes the time for the annual election of all the teach- ers at the last meeting in the month of May, when they are elected for one year from the first Monday in June aforesaid. The order occasioned considerable discussion, but was adopted at the first meeting in April ; and the change was made at the time contem- plated by it. Several of the teachers who had served the city for a long time, were thus thrown out of em- ployment. The committee regretted the effect of the order, so far as this alone was concerned ; but as on the whole, they were satisfied that the interest of the city and the schools would be promoted by the change — they felt it to be their duty to make it — and they are of opinion that so far the experiment is working favor- ably. From the report of one of the schools, it will be seen that the sub-committee are of opinion that a sub-master should be employed, and there are several . of the committee who feel that a mistake may have been made in dispensing with sub-masters ; but a lit- tle more experience may prove that their fears, in this respect, are groundless. 27 On the 17th of April the rules of the Board were altered, so as to make the school year commence on the first Monday of September ; and changes were also made m regard to the semi-annual examinations, to conform to this alteration. The first semi-annual examination of the High and Grammar Schools takes place now during the ten days preceding the vacation in February, and the second during the month of July, before the commencement of the long vacation; and the time for promotions from the Primary and Intermediate, to the Grammar Schools, has been changed to the first Monday in September. The returns from the several schools show that the sub-committees have made frequent visits to them; and the meetings of the Board, held every two weeks, except from the middle of July to the first of Septem- ber, have always been fully attended ; but we are unanimously of opinion that the great lack in our school system, is that of an ordinance authorizing the appointment of a Superintendent of Schools. And we close our year's labor, as a Board, by the unanimous passage of a vote, urging the City Council to adopt such an ordinance. On Friday and Saturday, October 24th and 25 th, the Middlesex County Teachers' Association held their semi-annual meeting in our City Hall. The occasion was a very interesting one. The President, in his address, stated that ten and a half years before, the Association held its first meeting in Charlestown, which fact made the present meeting particularly gratifying to its members. The discussions and lec- tures were on interesting subjects, and many good 28 things were said which ought to prove beneficial to the teachers and others, who were present to hear them. In concluding this Report, we cannot refrain from a single word respecting the duties of parents to the Schools. Parents, unquestionably, have duties to the schools, and duties which neither school committees nor teachers, however well qualified and faithful they may be, can discharge for them. In a certain sense, indeed in an important sense, the teacher stands to the child in loco parentis, in the place of the parent. We deem it essential that those who hold the dignified and responsible office of instructors in our public schools, shall feel that they sustain a very intimate relation to the children entrusted to their care and instruction. "We do not think it sufficient that our teachers possess ample literary qualifications, and are able with facility and by felicitous illustrations, to communicate a knowledge of the various studies pur- sued. We consider, as indispensable requisites, ma- turity of judgment, self-control, kindness of heart blended with firmness, prudence, discretion — in a word, all those qualities which will lead the teacher to care for the manners and morals and habits, the general culture and welfare of the child. We expect our teachers to feel that their own interests and rep- utation are identified with those of their pupils. But still, should all our teachers reach this high standard, yet, if parents are remiss in the discharge of their duties, our schools must fail, if not wholly, at least partially, to accomplish their beneficent design. No person, whether teacher or guardian, can actually sup- 29 ply to the child the place of the parent. The Creator has placed upon parents the brief responsibility of watching over and educating their children; and ihis great responsibility they cannot roll from themselves upon others. They ought to regard teachers and the school as very important aids and auxiliaries in the training and education of their children. By no means should they imagine the school takes the children out of their hands, and that during the hours which their children spend at school, they themselves are freed from all responsibility respecting them. They must know how their children employ their time, and how they conduct at the school-room — how they demean themselves towards their teachers and fellow-pupils, as well as what is their behaviour on the way to and from school. They must not only feel, but manifest, a lively interest in the school studies and exercises of their children, and must keep themselves definitely informed of the progress which they are makmg. For this purpose, we deem it very important that parents often visit the schools, that by their frequent presence in the school-room, not only upon examination and exhibition days, but at other times, they may convince both teachers and pupils that they are not indifferent to what transpires at the school. It will be very use- ful for parents to see with their own eyes how their children appear at the school as well as at home. Moreover, let them cultivate a familiar acquaintance with the teachers, and esteem them, as they are, if worthy of the name of teachers, as their benefactors, and so in a kind and friendly spirit, confer and advise with them respecting their children. In case their 30 children come to them with complaints of the harsh- ness, partiality, or ill-treatment of teachers, let them be exceedingly cautious lest their parental fondness lead them hastily to condemn the teacher. Let them bear in mind, that, as a general rule, the presumption is, the teacher is right and the pupil is wrong ; or, at any rate, that the child has been guilty of some mis- demeanor or fault. For our observation confirms what the principles of human nature teach us, that teach- ers, if partial at all, are partial to respectful, obedient and industrious scholars : and that if those children who complain of harsh treatment and severe punish- ments, had conducted themselves properly, they would not have been punished at all. Not to extend these remarks, we cannot too forcibly impress upon parents a dispassionate, conscientious consideration of their duties to our schools. Let them appreciate the ad- vantages which are offered to them by these institu- tions, and secure the punctual and constant attendance of their children. Let them, in all possible ways, co- operate with school committees and teachers, and our common schools will indeed be the pride and glory of our city. Our children shall come out of them so disciplined and cultured in mind, in heart, and in habits, as to be prepared to fill, with honor and use- fulness and success, the various spheres the Creator has appointed for them. By order of the Committee, TIMOTHY T. SAWYER, President Charlestown, December, 1862. 31 George B. Neal, Treasurer, in account with Trustees of Charlestown Free Schools. Dr 18G2. Jan. 1. To balance brought forward, 1.182.05 " " Received of City Treasurer, interest: On $5000 Note, to Jan. 1, 150.00 June 11. " $600 « " May 1, 36.00 July 13. " $5000 '• " July 1, 150.00 $1,518.05 Cr 1862. May 30. By paid A. E. Cutter, for Maps, &c 42.75 June 4. " Elliott & White, Cyclopaedia No. 14, 3.50 July 34. " " " Annual " 3.50 Oct. 16. " C. A. Knight & Co., Diplomas for High School, 24.75 " 29- '• E. S. Ritchie, Apparatus for High School, 30.13 " " " Elliott & White, Cyclop'a, No. 15, 3.50 Nov. 17. •' A. E. Cutter, Prim. School Cards, 142.73 250.86 Balance, $1,267.19 GEORGE B. NEAL, Treasurer. Charlestown, Dec. 20, 1862. Tlie undersigned, a committee appointed for the purpose, here- by certify that they have examined the above account of George B. Neal, Treasurer, and find the same correct, and the balance $1,267.19, as above stated; $1000 of which is on deposit in the Charlestown Five Cents Savings Bank, upon which interest has accrued from the various dates of deposit. A. J. LOCKE, ) . WM. H. FINNEY, > ^"«*t!f^ B. F. BROWN, } Commtttee.