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TOGETHER WITH THE
Report of tie SDperintenileit of Piiic Scliools,
FOR THE YEAR 1869.
ARTHUR W. LOCKE & CO., PRINTERS, 120 MILK STREET.
EUGENE L. NORTON, Mayor, ex-officio.
ANDREW J. BAILEY, Pres. of the Common Council, ex-officio.
WARD 1. — William JPeirce, A. E. Cutter, James F. Hunnewell,
Geo. A. Hamilton, Wm. R. Bradford, J. W. Raiid.
WARD 2. — John Sanborn, Andrew J. Locke, Nahum Chapin,
M. H. Merriam, Wm. Raymond, Washington Lithgow.
WARD 3. — Geo. W. Gardner, Wm. H. Finney, Charles F. Smith ,
Geo. H. Harden, John Turner, Chas. E. Daniels.
WM. H. KENT, Mayor, ex-officio. _ -
J AS. ADAMS, Jr. President of the Common Council, eoc-officio.
WARD 1. — William Peirce, A. E. Cutter, James F. Hunnewell,
Geo. A. Hamilton, Wm R. Bradford, Willard Rice.
WARD 2. — John Sanborn, Na^um Chapin, M. H. Merriam,
Wm. Raymond, Washington Lithgow, S. S. Blanchard.
WARD 3. — Geo. W. Gardner, Wm. H. Finney, Chas. F. Smith,
John Turner, Charles E. Daniels, A. J. Bailey.
CITY OF CHARLESTOWN.
In School Committee, September 16, 1869.
Messrs Gardner, Finney and Cutter were appointed a Com-
mittee to prepare the Annual Report.
Attest: F. A. DOWNING,
In School Committee, December 30, 1869.
Mr. Finney submitted the Annual Report of the School
Committee which was accepted ; and it was ordered that eight hun-
dred copies be printed for distribution.
Attest : F. A. DOWNING,
The School Committee of Charlestown present the
following Annual Report for 1869 :
ORGANIZATION OF THE BOARD.
In accordance with the rules, and the custom of pre-
vious years, the Board was organized at the first meeting
in January, as follows :
For President Geo. W. Gardner.
For Secretary F. A. Downing.
For Treasurer W. H. Finney.
For Messenger Abijah Blanchard.
At the second meeting in January the President ap-
pointed the sub-Committees on the various schools, and
also the following
On Finance. — A. J. Locke, Wm. Peirce, Chas. E. Daniels.
On Boohs. — Wm. H. Finney, Jas. F. Hunnewell, Geo. A. Hamilton.
On Printing. — Wm. R. Bradford, Nalium Chapin, J. W. Rand.
On Fuel. — John Sanborn, Wm. Raymond.
On School Houses. — A. J. Bailey, M. H. Mei*riam, Nahum Cliapin,
Geo. A. Hamilton, Chas, F. Smith.
On Music. — Chas. F. Smith, JoI?h Turner, Washington Lithgow.
On Examination of Teachers. — Geo. W. Gardner, A. E. Cutter,
Wm. H. Finney, C. F. Smith, Geo. H. Harden, A. J. Locke,
M. H. Merriam.
On Evenmg Schools. — M. H. Merriam, Wm. H. Finney, Geo. H.
Marden, A. E. Cutter, Nahum Chapin.
At subsequent meetings, several changes were made
in relation to the future organization of the Board and
the method of appointing Standing Committees.
The following table shows the amount of general ex-
penses under direction of the School Committee, from
March 1, 1869, and the amount appropriated therefor
by the City Council for the year ending Feb. 28, 1870.
For Salaries of Teachers, Messenger,
Secretary and Treasurer $56,124 82 $76,225*
Salary of Superintendent 1,875 00 2,500
Support of Evening Schools 130 66 1,200
Purchase of Pianos . . .*. 2,500 00 2,500
Incidental Expenses 12,400 21 13,150
Total $73,030 69 $95,575
*The sum appropriated for salaries -will be increased by the amount to be
received from the State School Fund.
It is probable that the expenses for the remainder of
the financial year for each of the items in the above
table, with the exception of " Incidental Expenses,"
will come within the appropriations.
The amount expended thus far for " Incidentals" has
been largely increased beyond the expectations of the
Board at the commencement of the year, by reason of
its assuming the cost of new seats, desks &c., in the
room in the City Hall, which has been fitted up for the
use of a portion of the High School, and in various
otrhe schools, which should have properly been charged
to the account of Alterations and Repairs under the
direction of the City Government. The Committee on
City Property having however exhausted the amount of
their appropriations in making needful repairs and in the
proper care of the school buildings, it was thought best
to have the cost of these seats, &c,, charged to the
The following is the account of the Treasurer in rela-
tion to the condition of the Trust Fund. The principal
of this fund consists of two City notes amounting to
$5,600, the interest on which is applicable for the
support of schools.
Wm. H. Finney, Treasurer^
In account with the Trustees of Gharlestown Free Schqols.
To Balance from old acct $511 17
Cash reed, for 12 mos. int. on note of $5000 300 00
" " " " " " " $600 36 00
" " " tuition of non-resident pupils 27 00
" " " sale of old table 8 00
Total $882 17
By Cash paid H. B. & W. O. Chamberlain $ 58 00
" " A. E. Cutter •• 21140
" " Lawrence, Wilde & Hull 80 00
Balance to new account 532 77
Total $882 17
Charlestown, December 30, 1869. — "We, the undersigned, hereby
certify that we have examined the above account, and find the items
therein contained properly vouched for, and the balance as above
stated $532 77, of which amount $400 is on deposit in the Charles-
town Five Cents Savings Bank, upon which interest has accrued
from April, 1867.
ANDREW J. LOCKE, -j „.
C. E. DANIELS, [ Commitiee.
WILLIAM PEIRCE, )
SALARIES OF TEACHERS.
The Committee after due consideration, fixed the sa-
laries to be paid to the several teachers as follows :
Principal of High School $2,500 00
Sub-Master " " 1,600 00
First Assistant " " 825 00
Second " " " 675 00
Third and Fourth Assistants 575 00
Principals of Grammar Schools, each 1,800 00
Sub-Masters " " " 1 ,400 00
Head-Assistants " " " 650 00
Assistants " " " 1st year. 500 00
" '< " " 2nd " 550 00
Teachers of Intermediate Schools, each 575 00
" " Primary " 1st year, each 500 00
". " " " 2nd " " 550 00
Music Teacher 1,000 00
The above Schedule shows an advance in some cases
over the salaries for 1868. Notwithstanding this advance
it will be found that the teachers of this city are not so
well paid for their services, on the average, as those of
the cities in the immediate neighborhood. There is no
reason known to the Committee why this city should
not pay as much compensation to her school teachers as
most other cities and towns in this vicinity. Many
teachers have been called away during the past year
by offers of higher salaries than they were receiving
here. If it is considered desirable to retain faithful
and. competent teachers ; if the theory is correct that
it requires special preparation and study for the pro-
fession of teaching ; it will be necessary in self-de-
fence, if for iQo higher motive, to offer sufficient com-
pensation to retain our best teachers, and induce the
highest talent to seek our schools.
MEETINGS OF THE BOARD.
The Committee have held during the year twenty-two
meetings, at which the general subject of education, and
various details connected with the management and
progress of the schools, have received full consideration.
But the number of meetings of the Board by no means
indicates the amount of labor performed by its members.
There have been frequent meetings of the various Stand-
ing Committees, on subjects involving a good deal
of time and thought. The general supervision of the
schools, the consideration of applications for situations
as teachers, the examinations, the investigation of com-
plaints from teachers, parents, and scholars, together
with many other similar duties, consume much time, re-
quire much thought, and render the office of a member of
the School Committee an exceedingly onerous one to
such as strive to faithfully perform its duties.
COURSE OF STUDY.
The Course of Study adopted by the Board in 1867,
was deemed an experiment — it was not claimed that it
was perfect, or that it would fit each mdividual scholar ;
neither was it expected that it could be immediately
conformed to in all the classes in the various schools,
inasmuch as it was based upon a general advance along
the whole line, commencing with the Primary Schools.
The change of some of the text books since the adoption
of this Course, and the experience gained in the practi-
cal workings of the system, have rendered it necessary
to make some modifications.
Early in the year a special Committee was appointed,
consisting of the Chairmen of the High and Grammar
Schools, to revise the Course of Study, and make their
report to the Board. This Committee gave consi-
derable attention to the subject and reported at the
last meeting in 1869.
The report was ordered to be printed for the use of
the Board, and will be presented for its consideration
at an early meeting.
A Course of Study has been termed a ' necessary evil."
It is certainly an "evil" if it causes the teacher to lose
his individuality, puts him in a tread-mill and confines
his teaching to hearing recitations of the text contained
within a certain number of pages in a book. On the
other hand, it is " necessary" that there should be some
degree of uniformity in the several schools of the same
grade in the city. The Committee do not believe that
a proper arrangement of studies will necessarily pro-
duce the evils mentioned ; and it is hardly needful for
the Committee to say, that they do not desire the tread-
mill system of teaching, or to repress the individuality of
the teacher. They do however expect the attainment
of certain results, and a general conformity on the part
of teachers to the spirit as well as the letter of the
Course of Instruction.
The Committee desire, in this connection, to recognize
the importance of the cultivation of habits of study, and
concentration of mind by the pupils, and at the same
time to express their disapproval of undue pressure
upon the scholars, and requiring them to perform long
tasks out of school. The high pressure " cramming"
system is an unhealthy one — it may produce ap-
parently brilliant scholars — but the knowledge gained
is often superficial, and at the expense of physical vigor,
and of true development and symmetry of mind.
Some complaint has been made by parents the past
year of this undue pressure upon the children in their
studies. In some instances these complaints have been
well founded, and steps have been taken to remedy
the evil. In other cases, it has been found that the
listlessness of mind and languor of body have been
caused by other influences than overwork in school.
Parents who allow their children to be frequently de-
prived of needed rest by attendance at dancing schools,
evening parties and theatres, should be debarred from
making complaint of overwork and pressure of their
children at school.
DUTIES OF PARENTS TO THE SCHOOLS.
The efficiency of our schools would be much in-
creased by a more general co-operation and sympathy
of parents with the teachers. Frequent visits should
be made — the acquaintance of the teachers should be
formed. By this means much friction would be avoided
in the manasrement of schools. In this connection the
Committee pr^^sent the following extract from a report
of the Trustees of 1841, the suggestions being as ap-
plicable now as they were twenty-eight years ago :
" Let the parents be arrayed against the teacher
and but little hope can be entertained of progress ; let
them act with him, and it is a great step towards it
Many are the ways in which this co-operation can be
rendered. Parents can prevent absences ; they can
enjoin confidence on the part of the scholars towards
the teacher ; they can encourage pupils in their
lessons ; they can promote a love of school duties ;
they can insist upon entire obedience of their children
to the rules of the school ; they can visit the school-
rooms ; and they can at least practice the negative
duty of refraining from the injustice of judging the
teacher on the sole testimony of their children."
The Committee would also quote the words of the
Superintendent in his Second Semi- Annual Report, as
follows : — '• One of the greatest hindrances to success
in the work of education is the seeming indifference of
Another duty of parents is to " stand up" for the
schools. It is in no spirit of egotism or self-compla-
cency, that the Committee express their belief that the
schools of this city were never in better condition than
they are now, and that they will compare favorably
with those of most cities in the land. It is also the
belief of the Committee that our schools are far su-
perior to most private schools. Moreover, the public
schools are not designed for any particular class of
society — they are intended for the rich as well as the
poor. Is it not then a duty which parents owe to their
children and to the community, to avail themselves of the
advantages of our public schools, rather than to send
their children to private institutions ?
The following abstract of the Report of the Com-
mittee on Evening Schools is presented :
The work of providing instruction for those who
have been deprived of the advantages of our Com-
mon Schools, although not among the legal require-
ments of School Committees, is nevertheless within
the scope of their duties as conservators of public
instruction. The Board of School Committee, late
in the year 1868 appointed a Committee, and asked
for the appropriation of money, for the experiment of es-
tablishing free evening schools in the winter of 1868-9.
Six schools, four for males and two for females, employ-
ing twelve teacliers, were organized in the last week
of December 1868, and continued for sixteen semi-
weekly sessions. About three hundred scholars were
enrolled ; but after substantial work succeeded the tem-
porary excitement of novelty, the attendance was reduced
to about one hundred and seventy-five. The schools
became interesting, and notable progress was being
made when they were necessarily suspended. The ex-
periment seemed a successful one, and the Committee
who had immediate charge of the work, recommended
a repetition for the next winter. Accordingly the same
Committee was appointed, and an adequate appropri-
ation was made. Six schools were organized on the 1st
of November 1869, but the number of pupils did not
seem to warrant the Committee in continuing so many,
and the number of schools has since been reduced to
four — two for males and two for females. The number
of pupils is about one hundred and twenty, most of
whom have manifested great earnestness and interest in
Due regard for the public welfare should ensure the
continuance of these schools.
The Committee are happy to announce, that in ac-
cordance with the request of the Board, the City Coun-
cil have adopted plans for tKe remodelling and enlarge-
ment of the High School building. The thanks of the
community are due the City Government for their liberal
and intelligent action in relation to this subject.
While gratefully acknowledging what has been done
for the accommodation of the High School, it is incum-
bent upon the Committee, to point out the requirements
for therelief of two of the Grammar Schools.
Frequent requests have been made within a few years
for better accommodations for the Harvard and Winthrop
Grammar Schools. The Committee of the City Council,
to whom the subject of a new school-house for the Har-
vard School was referred in 1868, reported that a neces-
sity for better accommodations existed,- but referred the
matter to the next City Government. The matter has
slumbered in the City Council ever since until recently,
when the Committee on City Property reported ad-
versely, giving as a reason, the statement that there are
at present more seats than scholars in the Grammar
Schools. The School Committee do not make complaint
of a lack of seats — but of the location and unhealth-
fulness of many of them. The Committee would re-
peat, that the health of both teachers and scholars, and
the attainment of needful results in instruction, require
the erection of at least one new Grammar School-house
the coming year, to relieve both the Harvard and Win-
In regard to the matter of empty seats, it should be
said that the schools are classified, not only in this city
but throughout the State, in such a mannet as to require
pupils of equal attainments to occupy the same room
and to be subject to one teacher. Without discuss-
ing the subject of grading at this time, it is sufficient
to remark, that under this system, which is almost uni-
versally recognized as the true principle, it is not always
possible to utilize every seat in a school. The greatest
pressure for room exists in the lower classes, and it is
evident that these scholars can not be transferred to
empty seats in the rooms of the higher classes.
Moreover, about 150 seats in the Winthrop School
are utterly unfit in their present location for the accom-
modation of scholars — they are situated in the basement
and in rooms with little or no ventilation, — and both
scholars and teachers are subject to many inconveniences
and annoyances which sadly interfere with rapid progress
and proper discipline. In regard to the Harvard School,
the remarks above in relation to utilizing the vacant
seats particularly apply, as a large proportion of the
scholars " drop out" of school before reaching the
The building itself is in poor condition, and it would
hardly be economy to spend , the amount necessary to
make it tenantable without entirely remodelling and en-
larging it. The internal arrangement of the building is
bad — the rooms are small and inconvenient — not one
of them is possessed of proper ventilation. It would
seem that nothing need be said at this time in favor of
pure air as a necessity to health, and a proper condition
of mind to study : — and yet this subject is often entirely
ignored in considering the wants of public schools. In
consequence of the want of yards, and of thfe location
of what should be OM^houses almost within the build-
ing, the atmosphere in the entries, stairways, and even
in the school-rooms during the greater part of the
warm season is exceedingly foul and offensive. The
playgrounds are the streets, thus subjecting the school,
as well as the residents in the vicinity, to many annoy-
ances and inconveniences. The school also suffers for
want of a hall for general exercises and the practice of
Some of the Primary Schools also require increased
and improved accommodations, and the report of the Su-
perintendent on this subject is concurred in By the
The Committee have left the work of preparing a de-
tailed report on the condition and requirements of the
various schools, to the Superintendent. His report will
be presented with this, and the attention of the citi-
zens is invited to its statements, suggestions and recom-
Eespectfully submitted on behalf of the Board.
GEO. W. GARDNER, ^
WM. H. FINNEY, V Committee.
A. E. CUTTER, )
Charlestown, December, 1869.
Superintendent of Schools.
To the School Committee of Charlestown :
Gentlemen, — In accordance with your vote passed
several months since, I present but one Report for the
year 1869. This will cover the ground that would have
been occupied by the sixth and seventh of the semi-
The events of the year furnish occasion for expressions
of gratitude to Him who is the source of all good. Our
teachers and pupils have been generally favored with
health, and the schools have been highly prosperous.
With pleasui^ I commend the teachers for their
ability and faithfulness. While very few deserve cri-
ticism, many* are laboring with a spirit of sacrifice
which, if not worthy of a better cause, is certainly stimu-
lated by hopes of higher rewards than those which
spring from the salaries they receive.
Having made several hundred visits to the school
rooms, and spent nearly four months in formally ex-
amining classes, and availed myself of other means of
information respecting our schools, I can but regard
them as a source of honorable prtde to our citizens.
Though neither perfect, nor moving constantly with
equal steps toward perfection, they are in a state of vi-
gorous and healthful prosperity.
Accurate Statistics are valuable as indicating facts or
general laws, and it might be expected that in educational
documents the highest degree of correctness would
be found. But vagueness and uncertainty are quite as
likely to be met with there as elsewhere. In the school
reports of a great city, the number of- pupils is placed
at a figure but little less than one fourth of the entire
population : this seems to indicate a remarkable de-
gree of attention to education. A close examination,
however, shows that there are no school districts in that
city, that promotions are made semi-annually, that chil-
dren attend where they please and may belong to half
a dozen schools in a year, and the total number is the
sum of all the names registered. The numerous and
elaborately prepared tables of statistics, published by
State Boards of Education, 'are rarely free from defects.
If we look to them for information respecting the
" number of scholars of all ages in the public schools,"
" the per cent, of attendance," " the aggregate length of
the schools," " the number of children between 5 and. 15
years of age in each town ," or "the comparative per-
centage of taxable property appropriated for the support
of schools," we can obtain only approximate results. If
we inquire concerning the number of Grammar Schools
in the State, or respecting the number of pupils that
annually complete the Grammar or High School course
of study in the different cities and towns, we gain little
or no light.
If we attempt to compare the schools of similar cities
or towns, we find such a want of uniformity of method
in reporting facts, that it is quite impossible to arrive at
a satisfactory result.
To obviate in part these defects, an outline for a sta.
tistical report was adopted by the Convention of New
England Superintendents of Public Schools, held in Bos-
ton, in May last, and was published in the October num-
ber of the Massachusetts Teacher. If that form is
followed by the gentlemen who gave it their approval,
the public will be better informed in future than they
have been heretofore, in regard to the relative standing
of schools in our cities and chief towns. Its principal
features will be adopted in this report.
GROWTH OF CHARLESTOWN.
Population in 1840, 11,484
" " 1850, 17,216
." " 1855, 21,742
" " 1860, 25,063
" " 1865, 26,398
" " 1869, (estimated) 29,000
These statistics do not include the Navy Yard or State Prison.
Number of persons in this city between 5 and 15
years of age, on the first day of May in each year, from
1857, . .
. . 4,838
. . 5,798
. . 4,243
. . . 4,951
. . 4,302
. . 5,181
. . 4,194
. 1867, .
. . 5,697
. . 4,496
. . . 5,824
. . 4,946
. , 5,929
. . . 5,028
Whole Number of School Buildings, ... 20
One of these is occupied by the High School, five by Grammar
Schools, and fourteen by Primary Schools.
VALUE OF SCHOOL PROPERTY.
High School Building, Monument Square, . . . $30,000
New lot for use of High School, . . , . . 8,300
Bunker Hill Grammar School-house, Baldwin Street, . 88,000
Warren Grammar School-house, Summer Street, . . 97,000
Prescott Grammar School-house, Elm Street, . . 45,000
Winthrop Grammar School-house, corner Lexington and
Bunker Hill Streets, 30,000
Harvard Grammar School-house, Harvard Street, . . 25,000
Primary School-house, Haverhill Street, . . . 2,500
" " cor. Bunker Hill & Charles Streets, 20,000
" " Mead Street, .... 15,000
" " Sullivan Street, .... 2,500
" " Cross Street, .... 2,400
Two Primary School-houses, Medford Street, . . . 1,800
Primary School-house, Bunker Hill Street, . . . 1,500
" " Moulton Street, . . . . 15,000
" ' " Common Street,
"^ " Soley Street,
" " Bow Street,
Two Primary School-houses, Richmond Street^
School-houses and lots,
Pianos, Apparatus, Libraries, Globes, Maps, &c.,
Total value, .
Table showing the number of sittings in all the grades
of schools, also the number of pupils and teachers on
the 31st of October, 1869.
Number of Sittings.
No. of Pupils.
Oct. 31st, 1869.
5 G-rammar Schools,
38 Primary Schools,
Total . • .
The Intermediate Schools are located in Engine-houses.
Whole number of sittings in school buildings, 5345.
Number of different scholars for the year ending July 17, 1869,
Average number belonging, 4,988
High School, 202
Grammar .Schools, 2,602
Intermediate Schools, 165
Primary Schools, 2,019
Average attendance, c • 4,473
High School, 191
Grammar Schools, 2,428
Intermediate Schools^ 135
Primary Schools, 1 ,71 9
Per cent of attendance in all the schools, 90
" " in the Grammar Schools, 94
Number of children between 5 and 15 years of age, habitually absent
from the Public Schoools, about 1,300
Number of children admitted to the Grammar Schools, 532
In March, 199
In September, 333
Average age of scholars admitted to Grammar Schools, 9 years and
From the Primary Schools, 400
" " Intermediate " 132
Many of the pupils admitted from the Intermediate Schools came
to this city from the country, where their educational advantages had
been very small ; and more than one half of them were from 11 to
15 years of age.
Average number of pupils belonging to the schools on the
31st of October, 1857-58-59, 4,182
Average number on the 31st of October, 1867-68-69, 5,144
Increase in ten years, 962
A comparison of the average attendance for the same years
shows a gain of 966
Number of scholars per teacher for the average num-
ber of pupils in school.
Oct. 31st, 1859. Oct. 31st, 1869.
High School, 32 ...... 37
Grammar Schools, ... 47 44
Intermediate Schools, . . 64 64
Primary, " ... 69 56
In all the Schools, . . . , 54 48
The increase in the number of pupils for the past
two years has been f ery small.
The following table, which gives the number of births
in this city for thirteen successive years, indicates the
cause of the limited increase.
Births in 1857, 834
1866, « 605
The " Vital Statistics" of other cities reveal the fact
that during the war there was a diminution of the num-
ber of births »
Valuation of the city, 1869, $25,698,500
Whole amount of taxes assessed,. 421,230 80
Number of Polls taxed, 7,674 GO
Sum appropriated for support of schools, 1869-70, . . . $95,475 00
Cost of tuition in all the schools for the average num-
ber of pupils belonging, for the year 1868-69, 13 96
In the High School, 33 29
" Grammar Schools, 1 6 45
" Intermediate" 8 12
" Primary " 9 33
The school-houses in this city have been greatly im-
proved within a few years. Two noble and costly build-
ings have been erected, and some others, previously in
use, considerably modified, so that most of our schools
are n ow conveniently and pleasantly situated. Special
attention has been given to heating^ to ventilation, and to
the cleanliness of rooms and yards. In these and other
particulars much has been accomplished during the pres-
ent year. The committees having these matters in
charge have labored with a wise liberality to make the
school-houses convenient and attractive.
Walker's Steam Heating Apparatus has been placed
in the Bunker Hill Grammar School building, and so
arranged as to heat that building and the Bunker Hill
Primary School building. This system of heating is ex-
cellent ; and the method of ventilation adopted in con-
nection with it works admirably.
The ventilation of the Primary school-houses is gen-
erally good ; and most of the rooms were white-
washed, painted, or papered in the summer vacation.
Two rooms in the Bunker Hill Primary School build-
ing have been furnished with desks, and are now occu-
The expense for repairs and improvements for the
year amount to nearly five thousand and five hundred
dollars. This sum includes about one thousand dollars
spent in repairing numerous damages occasioned by the
While we congratulate our citizens upon the im-
proved condition of the school-houses, it is proper to
name some defects in order that they may be avoided in
the erection of other buildings.
The rooms occupied by the Primary Schools are gen-
erally too small. Many of them are only 19 by 24 feet.
In such rooms it is impossible to perform the educational
work, that might be accomplished in rooms of suitable
dimensions. They should not be less than 25 by 30
feet. Then the desks might be so far removed from
each other as greatly to diminish the temptation to whis-
per and communicate ; many children could work at
the blackboards at the same time, and necessary phy-
sical exercises could be conveniently and properly
conducted. The general lack of room is a serious dis-
advantage. The buildings on Mead and Moulton streets
are in many respects models ; they are substantial and
sufiiciently elegant for the purpose for which they are
employed ; but the rooms are quite too small. In the
erection of other buildings, these might be • copied in
style and general arrangement but not in dimensions.
Another fault is found in the location of the build-
ings. Many are placed at the corners of streets ; and
in not a few of them teachers and pupils are greatly
^jannoyed, in the warm season of the year, by the noise
arising from incessant travel.
Much as has been accomplished in furnishing school
accommodations, great improvements are still needed.
The necessity for providing additional sittings, and
conveniences for the High School is apparent to all who
are acquainted with its condition. This subject was
presented for your consideration, in my report for the
term ending July, 1868, and has received your careful
attention and favorable action ; and the City Council to
which you referred the subject has, after mature delib-
eration, passed an order authorizing the enlargement
of the present building. Plans have been prepared by
a skilful architect which, if finally carried out, will give
us a building that in respect to elegance will suit the
demands of public taste, and will furnish superior ac-
It will contain three large study rooms, eight recitation
rooms, and two play rooms. An obvious reason for
enlargement is found in the membership of the school. It
has now two hundred and fifty-seven pupils, and only two
hundred seats. There is no probability that, with a fair
management of all the schools, its number of pupils will
diminish ; while there are valid reasons to hope that there
will be a steady increase.
There is another reason for enlargement. This
school has for a long time needed greatly increased
facilities to teach the natural sciences. It is not possible
under existing circumstances to give proper instruction
■in chemistry, natural philosophy, natural history, botany,
mineralogy, or astronomy. More room and more
apparatus are needed.
Better accommodations should be furnished for the
Winthrop and Harvard Schools. It is not easy to decide
which of these schools should receive the first attention.
True economy would hasten to relieve both. The
rooms in the basement of the Winthrop are dark, damp,
and unhealthy ; the recitation rooms on the upper floors
are small, poorly seated, and destitute of ventilation.
The halls or study rooms are in mild weather ex-
posed to the noise and dust of' the streets; and through
the entire year the excercises in them are interrupted,
several times a day, by the filing in and out of the lower
classes.. This is an evil that cannot be fully appreciated
except by those whose teaching is thus hourly disturbed.
The rooms in the Harvard are all small, and as poorly
ventilated as they can be. One half of them are in-
sufiiciently lighted, and the classes occupying them are
exposed to constant interruptions by scholars passing
through from the corridors to the rooms in the rear.
The partitions between the rooms are thin, consisting of
single slides made of half-inch boards, consequently
when four classes are earnestly engaged in recitation at
the same time, as frequently happens, the " confusion
of tongues" naturally carries one back to the scenes of
Babel. Besides this the number and character of the
rooms are such as to interfere with the proper classifica-
tion of the pupils.
Generally, the Primary Schools are well accommodated;
but some of those at the Point are crowded to overflow-
ing, having over eighty pupils each.
Efforts have been made to procure a room for the
accommodation of a portion of these children, but none
has been found. Efficient measures for relief should
be immediately adopted.
The following table exhibits the organization of the Primary
Schools : —
District No. 1.
Helen G. Turner Haverhill Street
Effie G. Hazcn cor. Charles & Bunker Hill Sta.
Elizabeth B. Norton " "
LiUa Barnard " "
Mary H. Humphrey " "
Ella Worth " "
Rose J. Prescott " "
Sarah A. Atwood " "
Josie S. Chase " "
District "No. 2.
10 M. Josephine Smith Mead Street
11 E. W. Yeaton " "
12 Abby P. E-ichardson " " ....
13 Melissa J. Conley " "
14 Jennie D. Smith Sullivan Street....
15 Frances M. Lane " '*
. 16 Ellen Hadley Medford "
38 Carrie Osgood " "
17 Mary A. Blanchard Cross "
18 Almira Delano " "
William H. Finney,
George H. Marden.
Charles E. Daniels,
A. J. Locke.
■ Charles F. Smith,
District liTo. 4,
Martha W. Yeaton Bunker Hill Street 1
Mary P. Swain " "
Persis M. Whittemore. Moulton Street
Fannie B. Butts " "
Louisa W. Huntress. .. . " "
Carrie C. Smith '. . . . " "
District No. 5.
Louisa A. Pratt Common Street
E. A. Prichard
E. R. Brovrer
Evelina F. Nelson
Matilda Gilman Soley
District Wo. 6,
E. M. Armstead Bow Street '
Elizabeth F. Doane " "
Sarah E. Smith " "
C. M. W. Tilden " " ,, ..
Carrie A. Rea Richmond Street.
Fannie A. Foster " " ■
■ Washington Llthgow,
James F. Hunnewell
> M. H. Merriam,
J. W. Rand.
A. E. Cutter,
■ Geo. A. Hamilton,
William R. Bradford-
Two schools have been formed during the year, and
located in the buildino: at the corner of Charles and
Bunker Hill Streets. One, organized in the spring and
composed of pupils of the lowest grade, was placed un-
der the charge of Miss Sarah A. Atwood; the other, con-
sisting of pupils from the higher classes, was opened at
the beginning of the fall term, and placed under the care
of Miss Mary A. Humphrey. Miss Josie S. Chase was
appointed to fill the vacancy occasioned by the transfer
of Miss Humphrey. In November Miss Mary E. Taylor
tendered her resignation as teacher of school No 30, and
Miss Effie A Kettell was appointed to fill the vacancy.
All these schools are graded but two, Nos. 1 and 31.
The method of grading has been dictated, in part, by the
structure of the buildings. In some schools there are
three classes, in others two. The graded system is op-
The plan of making semi-annual promotions adopted
by the Board two years ago has been partially tested,
and will doubtless prove a saving of time to many chil-
The questions used in the examination for promotions
to the Grammar Schools, in March, were prepared by
myself, and the examinations were conducted by the
principals of those schools, aided by their assistants.
The result was entirely satisfactory.
The examination for promotion in September was ar-
ranged and conducted as the one in March, and was very
comprehensive, including all the subjects studied in the
The standard fixed upon was an average of seventy
per cent, of correct ansvvers. This was not regarded
as absolute, for some branches are of less importance
than others ; still it served as a useful guide. The age
and circumstances of pupils were considered in settling
doubtful cases. Very few however were admitted who
did not obtain the required per cent.
This examination gave evidence of a want of attention
in some of the Primary Schools to reading and the tables
of abstract numbers. In reading, the examiners made
the selection of pieces and marked at their discretion.
The failures occurred to a large extent in schools com-
posed of pupils whose home life is not favorable to
rapid progress in knowledge, and who had been for a
year or two under teachers of limited experience. Yet
those who were admitted obtained an average in this
branch of seventy-seven per cent, and more than one
half ranged from eighty to one hundred per cent.
The Primary Schools were never in as good condition
as they are now : they were never before as fully, and,
I think, never as accurately taught as they are now.
Some of them are models of excellence, and are
exerting a favorable influence upon other schools.
Others, compared with the standard to which we wish
to bring them, are in some particulars deficient. There
is a want of that controlling influence which a teacher
should exert, a lack of genial sympathy and of that
inspiration which animates children to the performance
of duty, or a failure properly to improve the time.
Experience, observation, and careful stjjidy may remedy
Nearly all the rooms occupied by these schools have
been more or less ornamented by teachers and pupils,
and some of them are quite attractive. Walls hung
with pictures, and windows decorated with plants and
flowers, give cheerfulness to teachers and scholars and
help to blend true pleasure with duty.
One difiiculty met with in these schools arises from
the fact that many children have so few opportunities
for home culture. They hear but little correct conver-
sation, little or no good reading, and are very scantily
supplied with suitable reading matter. Having care-
fully considered the subject, I recommend that the
schools having advanced classes, be supplied with a few
carefully selected and appropriate books to be loaned
to pupils as rewards for good conduct or good lessons.
These books should be read at home, or at school after
all the required study has been accomplished. The cost
of books would be trifling, and an experiment in one or
two schools would test the propriety of the measure.
■ INTEEMEDIATE SCHOOLS.
Lucy M. Small.
Anna K. Steakns.
There were three* schools of this grade at the opening
of the year, but, in consequence of the reduction of
their membership by promotions to the Grammar Schools
in March, one of them was suspended, and the teacher,
Miss Ginn, was transferred to the Warren Grammar
School. Later in the season there was a large influx of
pupils, and Miss Jennie E.Toby was employed as assist-
ant in No. 2, during June and July. The schools have
been very full for several weeks past, and efi"orts have
been made, without success, to procure increased accom-
The children in these schools are from nine to fifteen
years of age.
The teachers are laboring with unremitting assiduity,
and with marked success.
One hundred and thirty-two scholars have been sent to
the Grammar Schools during -the year.
In respect to scholarship these schools are primary,
and they are in no sense intermediate, *
BUNKER HILL SCHOOL.
Committee. — William H. Finney, Charles E, Daniels, John Turner.
Teachers. — Alfred P. G-age, Principal ; H. F. Sears, Sub-master ;
Abby'F. Crocker, Head Asst. ; Mary L. Coombs, Mary A. Eaton,
Edith Howe, G-eorgie A. Smith, Emma S. Randlet, Mary S.
Thomas, Nancy W. Chandler, AngeliaM. Knowles, Lydia S. Jones,
Martha B. Stevens, Ida 0. Hurd.
Committee. — Geo. H. Mar den, Geo. A. Hamilton, Washington
Teachers. — George T. Littlefield, Principal ; F. W. Lewis,
Sub-Master ; Mary G. Prichard, Head Asst. ; Martha M. Kenrick,
Mary C. Sawyer, Elizabeth J. Farnsworth, Julia C. Powers, Ellen
C. Dickinson, Lydia A. Sears, Georgianna T. Sawyer, Frances C.
Cragin. . .
Committee. — Charles F. ^paith, Abram E. Cutter, William
Peirce, William Raymond.
Teachers. — Geo. Swan, Principal ; Ebenezer B. Gay, Sub-Mas-
ter ; Sarah M. Chandler, Head Asst. ; Margaret W. Veazie, Hen-,
rietta J. Merrill, Frances L. Dodge, Maria L. Bolan, V. A. M. L.
Dadley, Elizabeth Swords, Georgianna Hamlin, Nellie A. Pratt,
Alice Hall, Maria L. Savage, Abbie E. Holt.
Committee. — Andrew J. Locke, John Sanborn, Nahum Chapin.
Teachers. — B. F. S. Griffin, Principal; Caleb Murdock "and
W. B. Atwood, Sub-Masters ; Mary A. E. Sanborn, Head Asst. ;
Harriet E. Frye, Bial W. Willard, A. P. Mouhon, Mary F. Goldth-
waite, Abby M. Clarke, Josephine A. Lees, Jennie E. Toby, Elsie
Committee. — M. H. Merriam, J. F. Hunnewcll, William R.
Bradford, J. W. Rand.
Teachers. — Warren E, Eaton, Principal ; Darius Hadley, Sub-
Master ; Abbie B. Fiske, Head Asst. ; Ann E. Weston, Lois A.
Rankin, Fannie B. Hall, Fidelia L. Howland, Susan H. Williams,
Emma F. Thomas.
CHANGE. OF TEACHERS DURING THE YEAR 1869.
BUNKER HILL SCHOOL.
ELLA M. HLLL, NANCY W. CHANDLER,
CLARA S. NYE, MARY 0. BABCOCK,
C. A. W. TOWLE, MARY A. EATON,
HARRIET A. MARCY. EDITH L. HOWE,
EMMA S. RANDLETT.
MARIETTA BAILEY, JULIA C. POWERS.
SAMUEL G. STONE, EBENEZER B. GAY,
SARAH M. GINN. ELIZABETH SWORDS.
MARIA A. HOLT, E. R. STONE,
H. V. RICHARDSON, JENNIE E. TOBY,
W. B. ATWOOD.
LUCY S. BURGESS, FIDiy^IA L. HOWLAND,
OTIS L. BONNEY. DARIUS HADLEY.
In consequence of failing health, Mr. Griffin, who
had for many years conducted the Winthrop School
with prudence and energy, retired, near the close of
the summer term, from the active duties of his position.
Not realizing material recovery from his illness he
presented his resignation to the Board in November,
which was accepted, " to take effect on the 1st of
March next." To continue to Mr Grffin the honors
and income of his position for six months, was a just
compliment to his fidelity. ^
Since the^ opening of the fall term, the Winthrop
School has been under the charge of Mr. Caleb Mur-
dock, and is in every respect prosperous.
The general management and progress of the Gram-
mar Schools are highly satisfactory. The government
is good — for the most kind, energetic, and elevating.
Yet the rod is in favor with many teachers and is
frequently employed to secure obedience and industry ;
but its use is controlled by such mildness and prudence
that I rarely hear a complaint respecting corporal
punishment. Two or three years ago such complaints
were quite common, and I sometimes saw marks which
indicated haste and needless severity. The practice of
making a monthly report to the Superintendent of
all cases of punishment, has induced greater caution
in the use of the rod. Still it is too frequently resorted
to now, and nothing will insure its general disuse but
an increase of the moral forces of the schools, and correct
government at home. It cannot be abolished by law
without detriment to public order ; yet every possible
means should be employed to quicken the consciences
of children and stimulate their better aspirations, so
as to elevate them above the necessity of applying
In the methods of instruction there has been good
improvement, though enough of routine may yet be
found. The skill and experience of the principals are
annually becoming more effective in the lower classes.
This is essential to success ; and when the right distri-
bution of labor and talents is made in these schools,
better results will be achieved than have yet been wit-
nessed. Every class should feel the moulding influence
of him who presides over the school.
In each Grammar School there are six classes ; and
when a class is too large to be instructed by a single
teacher, it is divided into two or more divisions, accord-
ing to the number of pupils it contains.
All the classes are examined monthly by the teachers,
and twice a year by the principals who make the results
of their investigations the bases of promotions. These
examinations are conducted by means of written ques-
tions and are productive of much good. They awaken
ambition and make teachers and pupils watchful for
difficulties to be mastered, and success to be gained,
and thus make instruction and scholarship more com-
prehensive and accurate.
The questions proposed on such occasions are usually
of a more practical character than those ordinarily given
out, and consequently tend to connect the daily studies
with the business of life.
The usual semi-annual examinations were made by
myself and the sub-committees. In conducting the
examination in the winter I generally used written ques-
tions, and endeavored to perform my work so as fairly
to test the attainments made by the pupils, to ascertain
the comparative progress of parallel divisions, and to
indicate to teachers the desirableness of making uniform
progress in corresponding classes. I made a record of
the results obtained in the several classes which I
examined, but they had pursued their studies under such
a diversity of circumstances, that a publication of the
record would do injustice to many teachers and pupils.
At the summer examination special attention was
paid to the first classes, as they were about to graduate.
Sets of questions were prepared by myself in the differ-
ent branches pursued, and the examination was con-
ducted in the presence of the respective sub-committees,
who decided upon the claims of each pupil to the
honors of graduation. • In the other classes I made
the examination in geography and grammar ; and to
some extent in arithmetic. The results obtained were
in most cases good. A few divisions exhibited a Avant
of enthusiasm on the part of the teachers, and vague-
ness of apprehension on the part of the scholars.
The schools were found to be working much more
than they were the previous year.
The graduating exercises were occasions of peculiar
interest to the scholars and their numerous friends.
The attendant crowds exceeded the capacities of the
halls where the exercises were held, and in some
instances visitors could not find standing room. The
performances of the pupils reflected much credit upon
themselves and their teachers. .
NAMES OF aRADUATES.
BUNKER HILL SCHOOL.
Albee, Eunice H.
Brooks, Lizzie G.
Bean, Nellie M.
Costellow, Carrie E.
Frost, Sarah L.
Fuller, Abby F.
Hannon, Ellen J.
Hall, Ida J.
Learnard, Marietta E.
M'Carthy, Katie C.
Porter, Fannie G,
Skilton, Ida M.
Tarbox, Ida C.
Wentworth, Ella L.
Butler, Edw. B.
Bijnce, Geo. C.
Furbush, William D.
Fox, Edw. H.
Fenderson, John S,
Lowe, Chas. F.
Magoun, Chas. J.
Orne, Chas. W,
Orne, Edward A.
Stevens, Edward J.
Sawyer, Edward M.
Turner, Charles A.
Trowbridge, Joseph H.
Wetherbee, John H.
White, Frank C.
Watts, Lawrence H.
Woofflndale, Charles S.
Childs, Carrie E.
Frost, Martha R.
Gary, Cally E.
O'Conner, Nellie M.
Prescott, Mary H.
Swain, Hattie M.
Turner, Hattie E.
Whitehouse, Alice E.
Walker, Fannie W.
Canen, Geo. C
Dinneen, Wm. J,
Hunt, EUery J.
Lyman, James F.
Murphy, John R.
O'Connor, John J.
Seymour, Frank G.
Toomey, Thomas F.
Baldwin, C. Maria
Boswojth, Emma J.
Brown, Tillie P.
Barkman, Lucretia F.
Courtney, Eraelia L.
Hodgkins, Carrie L.
Hemity, l^ary F.
Johnson, Eliza J.
Kerille, Addie B.
Martin, Rosetta T.
Miskelly, Nora B.
Mann, Mary E.
Story, Martha A.
Stark, Eva M.
Woffindale, E. W.
Colby, Wm. M.
Crowley, Daniel J.
Gerry, W. J.
Hatch, Edw. O.
Marshall, Ernest E.
Norton, Chas. H.
Preston, George H.
Taylor, Nathaniel O.
Wills, Willie F.
WARREN SCHOOL Continued.
Locke, Annie L.
Blandin, Ella F.
Blandin, Mary H.
Braley, Gertrude W.
Brewer, Harriet E.
Corcoran, Mary A.
De Costa, Lizzie
Essam, Mary E.
Haskins, Deet L.
Hatch, Hattie F.
Hayden, Hattie C.
Heaton, Eva M.
Holbrook, Josephine H.
Kidder, Carrie N.
M'Gowan, Katie E.
Moody, Mary A.
Murphy, Lilly E.
Norton, Dora F.
Orne, Mary E.
Plaisted, Eva S.
Richards, Clara A.
Summers, Sarah B.
Barnes, John A.
Barnicoat, William H.
Dadman, Hari-y E.
Elliot, Charles C.
Faunce, William R.
Fish, Howard W,
Foster, Robert G.
Gabriel, George W.
Gill, William R.
Huntley, Arthur J.
Jenkins, George H.
Mayers, William F.
Paine, Jaazaniah G.
Stevens, Wendell L.
Williams, Arthur F.
The practice of giving familiar lectures, commenced
two years ago, has been continued through the past
year with much success. Many addresses have been
delivered, on practical subjects, by members of the
Committee, the Superintendent, and influential citizens.
These addresses, delivered with much regularity at the
Prescott School, and occasionally at the Bunker Hill,
Warren, and Winthrop, have interested the pupils and
opened to them new fields of thought and information.
With but little difficulty arrangements might be made
for semi-monthly lectures in each school. This method
of oral teaching would greatly profit the children, and
awaken in the public mind a deeper interest in the
cause of education.
Should algebra, rhetoric, natural philosophy, &c., be
introduced as regular studies into Grammar Schools'?
I recently sent to the Superintendents of schools in the
principal cities in this country, a circular containing
this among many inquiries. About thirty gentlemen
of high standing as educators have replied ; and, with-
out exception, they answer in the negative, and most
of them 'with emphasis. They were, also, generally
agreed in the opinion that these and similar branches
should be presented orally to the pupils, so that they
may obtain some knowledge of their elementary prin-
ciples. Ample provision has been made for this in the
course of study ; and, whenever that is properly carried
out, the demands of the case will be fully met.
GEOEGE W. GAEDNER, ABEAM E. CUTTEE,
GEOEGE A. HAMILTON, JAMES E. HUNNEWELL,
ANDEEW J. BAILEY.
CAtiEB EMERY, Pkincipal.
JOHN G. ADAMS, NATHAN W. LITTLEFIELD, Sub-Masters.
CATHARINE WHITNEY, SOPHIA E. FAULKNER,
DOEA C. CHAMBERLAIN, PAULINE S. DOWNES.
At the close of the summer term, Miss Mary Lorette
Furber, who had been in the school one year and had
won a very high reputation as a teacher, tendered her
resignation. Miss Pauline S. Uownes has been ap-
pointed to take her place, and is giving good evidence
of her fitness for the position.
At the opening of the fall term it was found neces-
sary, in consequence of the increase of pupils, to
appoint an additional sub-master, and the committee
made choice of Mr. Nathan "W, Littlefield, valedictorian
of the class of ' 69 at Dartmouth College. His success
vindicates the wisdom of their selection.
This school is in a state of gratifying prosperity.
It was thoroughly examined by the sub-committee
in February, and was found to be in all respects in
In July a written examination in the principal
studies was held under the direction of the Superin-
tendent. As this was the first written examination of
the school, and was designed to affect the promotion of
the scholars as well as to test their attainments, it was
regarded by them with no little interest. Its announce-
ment was followed by a greatly increased application
to study. The result of the examination was highly
creditable to teachers and pupils.
The senior class, consisting of six boys and seventeen
girls, graduated on the 16th of July. A large and
appreciative audience witnessed the exercises, and by
their attention and other appropriate means expressed
their cordial approval.
The regular order of exercises was interrupted by a
very pleasant episode, the hanging of a large and beau-
tiful engraving representing the passage of the Delaware
by Washington. The picture was the gift of the gra-
duating class ; and it is hoped it may soon be accom-
panied by other specimens of art equally spirited and
NAMES OF GRADUATES.
Marietta F. Allen, Emma F. Hanson,
Lucy M. Archer, Emma L, Hintz,
Clarabell Bacheller, Ella S. M'Kay,
Ellen S. Brown, Lucy M'Near,
Kate S. Childs, Emma S. Randlett,
Eva F. Gulliver, Sylvia A. Richards*
Helen G. Roberts,
Geogianna F. Rockwell,
Virginia C. Walker,
Mattie E. Witherell,
Oliver H. Everett,
Lyman B. Fisk,
Frederic P. Forster,
Gideon F. Haynes,
Lewis G. Smith,
Joseph W. "Warren,
Five members of the class were fitted for college, and
four enterea Harvard University.
The examination of candidates for admission to this
school was held on Tuesday, the 13th of July, and was
attended by one hundred and fifty pupils, eighty-eight
girls and sixty-two boys. One hundred and thirty-four
reached the standard fixed by the Board. Some who
failed ranked very low, and this seriously afiected the
general standing • 4
Average p^* cent, obtained by all the candidates.
Girls, .... 58 .
Boys, .... 68 .
Girls and Boys, 62 .
At the opening of the fall term, one hundred and
twenty-seven pupils entered the junior class, all of whom
are now members of the school.
From Bunker Hill School, 12 boys, 8 girls, Total 20
. 66 .
. 71 .
. 68 .
" Private schools.
Average time spent by these pupils iu the Grammar
Schools was 5 years and 11 J months; this is about
one month more than the average time spent in the
Grammar Schools by the class of '68.
To accommodate the large increase of scholars, two
rooms on the upper floor of the City Hall were fur-
nished with desks, and have been occupi^^ since the
beginning of the term by the second middle class, under
the charge of Mr. Adams and Miss Faulkner. This
arrangement, though the best that could be made, is
attended with many inconveniences, interferes with the
regular work of the school, and is very objectionable to
Military drill, which gave so much interest to the boys
last year, has been suspended for want of a suitable
place for the exercise. This is no light ifiisfortune.
The girls have been regularly trained in gymnastics,
and have derived from them pleasure and profit.
Since the opening of the fall term, the practice of
making a monthly written examination has been intro-
duced, and is exerting a favorable influence. It in-
duces application and thoroughness.
The High School includes three courses ; the regular
High School Course, the College Course, and the English
an& Commercial Course. The first and second are four
years in length ; the last, three.
Each course is complete and thorough. The last
affords ample opportunities for young people to obtain a
good English education ; and it is greatly to be regretted
that there are not more of our youth who avail them-
selves of its advantages. There are nearly three thou-
sand persons in this city from fifteen to twenty years of
age, and doubtless many of these ought to be connected
with this school. Pressure of business or poverty may
be urged for non-attendance, but a failure to appreciate
the worth ot education is a potent cause. Should the
pulpit, the press, and the schools speak properly
concerning the value of education, hundreds of children
would remain for a longer period at the fountains of
This school, in regard to organization and studies, is
up to the highest limit indicated by the statute which
authorizes its support ; and, in respect to variety and
thoroughness of instruction, stands among the first of
its grade in the country. All its teachers are fully qual-
ified for the positions they hold. The varied experi-
ence of its Principal, acquired in this and other, schools,
insures fullness and accuracy in teaching, and eminently
fits him for the training of youth.
In its organization and range of studies, the school
stands far higher now than it did in the early years
of its history. During its first decade, its course of
instruction was limited to three years ; since then it
■has occupied four. Two years ago a thorough English
course was established.
It is often remarked that scholars remain in this school
but a short time, and there is too much truth in the
statement ; but the same may be said of pupils in the
Grammar Schools. A comparison of the classes in the
High School with the classes in the Grammar Schools
shows that the advantage, in respect to permanence, is
decidedly in favor of the former.
Table showing the number, average age, &c., of
scholars admitted to the High School from 1848 to 1869.
No. admitted. 1
Average Age. INo. graduated.
Girls. Boya, 1 Girls,
y. m. 1 y. m.
From the foregoing table it appears that there has
been great uniformity in respect to the age of pupils
admitted to* this school. Of the twenty-two classes
admitted, the youngest was received in 1850, and the
oldest, in 1867. In two classes — those of '48 and
'60 — the boys were older than the boys of the class of
'69 ; in three, of the same age ; ij;i sixteen, younger. In
six classes the girls were older than the girls in the class
of '69 ; in five, of the same age ; in ten, younger.
Pupils generally enter schools of this grade under fifteen
years of age. If much younger than fifteen, they^are
not sufficiently developed in intellect to pursue success-
fully the studies prescribed ; if much older, they will
not remain to pursue them.
The membership of this school has increased consider-
ably during the last two years. This result arises from
several causes. The school has been made more attrac-
tive to our youth than it was a few years ago ; and the
baseless prejudice against it has greatly diminished.
Moreover the advantages of protracting the period of
• study have been presented to pupils in the Grammar
Schools, and this has induced some to enter the High
School. These are the principal causes of growth.
If the right influence is exerted in the lower grades
of schools, if children are taught to appreciate that cul-
ture which is one of the essentials to happiness and
success in life ; and if the High School fully meets the
wants of our youth and is sustained by public sentiment
as it should be, it will scarcely be able, even with the
anticipated enlargement of its building, to accommodate
its increasing numbers.
Names of Scholars belonging to the High School at
the close of the year 1869.
Bradford, Oscar H.
Cutter, Olin W.
Forster, Horace O.
Gibson, Charles G.
Graves, Frank N.
Priest, Henry P.
Southworth, Robert A.
Stevens, Edwin P.
. Twombly, Wm. L. D.
White, George W.
Beddoe, Hattie E.
Bennet, Sarah M.
Bent, Helen M.
Blanchard, Abbie L.
Blanchard, Mary W.
Brown, Lizzie F.
Conway, Mary F.
Field, Sarah E.
Flanders, Carrie A.
Hill, Lizzie C.
Howe, Delia S.
Lams on, Fanny M.
M'Gowan, Mary E.
Moore, Ada A.
Palmer, Ida E.
Potter, Annie L.
Prescott, Susie J.
Stone, Mary E.
Sturtevant, Lizzie F.
Swan, Louisa T.
FIRST MIDDLE CLASS.
Benn, John M.
Emery, Charles B.
Gilman, Frank P.
Merrick, Wm. O.
Studley, John H.
Warren, Edgar B.
Blanchard, Hattie E.
Burcham, Harriet L.
Cutler, Eliza T.
Denvir, Annie E.
Duchemin, Clara W.
Maloney, Annie T.
Metcalf, Emma T.
Page, Sarah G.
Patch, Ella F.
Peterson, Izora A.
Robie, Susan A.
Talpey, Emma C.
Todd, Mary E.
Toppan, Lizzie J.
Wiley, Abbie H.
Gerry, Sarah F.
Harding, Grace H.
Hatch, Alice S.
SECOND MIDDLE CLASS
Ballou, Frank O.
Bolan. Joel C.
Coburn, Arthur B.
Dadmaun, John G. B.
Atwood, Abbie E. A.
Bickford, Hattie ,
Burroughs, Bella M.
Carlton, Emma F.
SECOND MIDDLE CLASS— Continued.
Delano, Henry C.
Dodge, Frank A.
Dodge, Walter W.
Flanders, Charles A.
Hall, Benj. F.
Henry, Wm. L.
Hook, Charles P.
Howes, Albert C.
Manning, Mark S.
McNally, John J.
Merrick, Edward C.
Mills, Arthur L.
Morse, Wm. K.
O'Meara, Stephen F.
Pierce, Thomas M.
Pitts, Frank A.
Pope, Frank J.
Kobertson, Arthur R.
Sawyer, George O. Jr.
Smith, James O.
Stevens, Milon F.
Swain, George W.
Swallow, George N.
Swan, George A.
Webber, Edward H.
White, Edwin M.
Whitney, George A.
Whitney, William A.
Childs, Mary S.
Copeland, Hattie A.
Crozier, Annie M.
Delany, Mary E.
Evans, Georgianna M.
Ferrin, Fanny A.
Gale, Ada J.
Haley, Margaret T.
Hamilton, Louise H.
Hardy, Carrie A,
Harmon, Lizzie J.
Home, Julia E.
Horton, Emma M.
Jones, Hattie M.
Leonard, Emma J.
Parker, Olive C.
Peterson, Ella A.
Potter, Ella M.
Ramsey, Helen E.
Robinson, Ida A.
Simpson, Lydia A.
Stone, Nellie C.
Tennant, Lydia E.
Warren, Geogianna H.
Barnes, John A.
Barnicoat, Wm. H.
Bunce, George C.
Butler, Edward B.
Burckes, James H.
Carven, George C.
Colby, Willie M.
Crowley, Daniel J.
Albee, Eunice H.
Bailey, Ada J.
Baldwin, Carrie M.
Bateman, Lucretia F.
Bean, Nellie M.
Blandin, Ella F.
Blandin, Mary H.
Bowker, Carrie L.
Dadmun, Harry E.
Elliot, Charles C.
Eaunce, Wm. R.
Fox, Edward H.
Gabriel, George "W.
Gardner, Guy H.
Gerry, Wm. J.
Green, Eli G.
Greenleaf, Eobert "W.
Hale, Frank C.
Hall, Moses C.
Henderson, George A.
Hanson, Wm. H.
Hardy, Roswell B.
Hatch, Edward O.
Huntley, Arthur T.
Jenkins, George H.
Lyman, James V.
Lyon, James E. '
Marshall, Ernest C.
Mayers, Wm. F.
Murphy, John R.
Norton, Charles H.
O'Connor, John C.
Orne, Edward A.
Paine, Jaazaniah G.
Pierce, Ernest R.
Preston, George W.
Roberts, Walter H.
Seymour, Frank G.
Sewall, Arthur W.
Simonds, Fred. M.
Stevens, Wendell P.
Stone, Richard H.
Twomey, Thomas F.
White, Frank H.
Williams, Arthur F.
Woofindale, Charles S.
Bowker, Emma J.
Bosworth, Emma J.
Bradford, Alice S.
Brooks, Lizzie G.
Brown, Tillie P.
Byrnes, Eliza G.
Byram, Ida L.
Butterfield, Ella F.
Coll, Madalena F.
Coll, Marietta J.
Corcoran, Mary A.
Courtenay, Emily L.
De Costa, Lizzie
Essam, Mary E.
Felton, Abby M.
Flowers, Mary O.
Frost, Martha R,
Frost, Sarah L.
Hall, Ida J.
Harmon, Hattie C.
Haskins, Deett L.
Hayden, Hattie C.
Heaton, Eva M.
Hemity, Mary T.
Hodgkins, Carrie B.
Holbrook, Josephine H.
Johnston, Eliza J.
Knight, Abbie T.
Learned, Marietta E.
Linnell, Alice J.
Littlefield, Sarah C.
Locke, Annie L.
McGaw, Lizzie C.
Mann, Mary E.
Martin, Mary E.
Martin, Rosetta T.
Miskelly, Leonora B.
Moody, Mary E.
Norton, Dora T.
Olmstead, Emma C.
Orne, Mary E.
Parkhust, Ellen L.
Pierce, Hattie E.
Plaisted, Eva S.
Poor, Emma C.
Priest, Emma C. »
Skilton, Ida M.
Smith, Anna C.
Smith, Ella T.
Squire, Isabella M.
Studlej, Nellie B,
Summers, Sarah B.
Swain, Hattie M.
Trowbridge, Mary A.
Turner, Hattie E.
Walker, Fannie W.
Wentworth, Ella L.
Whitcomb, Ella F.
Whitehouse, Alice E.
Music in the Higli and Grammar Schools has been
successfully taught by Mr. James M. Mason. Mr.
Mason conducts the exercises with an earnestness and
skill which interest the pupils and stimulate their at-
tention to this important branch of education. Many
children, however, seem to regard the musical exercise
as a mere pastime, and are reluctant to make those
efforts necessary to secure real improvement. This
indifference would be greatly diminished by keeping
a record of the attainments of the scholars in this, as
in other branches. ,
Eight new pianofortes have been placed in these
schools, and the result shows that good instrumcDts
are more economical than poor ones.
To a limited extent, this useful branch is taught in
every school in the city. In the Primary Schools the
work is necessarily very simple and elementary.
Bartholomew's Drawing Books are used in the High
and Grammar Schools ; and the pupils in the former,
and in the higher classes of the latter, are making fair
The teachers were not familiar with this art at the
time it was introduced, otherwise far better results
would have been secured, than we are now permitted to
witness. In order to aid them in this part of their duty,
I have made an arrangement with the publishers of Mr.
Bartholomew's works to give the teachers in the High
and Grammar Schools a course of gratuitous lessons ;
and Mr. Albert F. Hall, the successful teacher of draw-
ing in the Institute of Technology in Boston, is now
performing that service. A successful beginning has
been made ; and it would be good economy on the
part of the Board to supplement the instruction already
provided for, by another course of lessons.
As the present course is gratuitous the attendance
is voluntary, and some of the teachers appear quite
indifferent to the opportunity afforded them.
One of the most persistent and troublesome evils that
beset our schools is truancy. Various expedients have
been adopted to abate this evil, but no city can boast of
having found a perfect cure.
Early in the^pring, Mr. S. P. WHite and Mr. Charles
S. Wooffindale were appointed truant officers ; and their
services have been abundant, judiciously directed, and
successful. Still the evil exists. There are truants in
the Grammar, Intermediate, and Primary Schools. A
prolific source of truancy is found in the inefficiency or
viciousness of home influence. The parents of some of
these ofl"enders are intemperate ; and some utter whole-
sale falsehoods to screen their wayward children.
In October, the truant officers presented to the School
Board a report respecting the proper treatment of in-
corrigible truants. The report received the favorable
consideration of the Board, and was immediately sent to
the City Council.
After mentioning several methods of dealing with
truants they say, " Chelsea sends her hardened truants
away. Connected with the almshouse and farm in
Lowell is a Eeform School controlled and supported by
that city. The boys are well fed, comfortably and
neatly clothed, attend school the greater part of the
year, aid in carrying on the farm^ and seem to be sur-
rounded with influences which, if they do not work a
complete reformation, essentially change them for the
better. Chelsea pays Lowell for the maintenance of
each of these truants the sum of two dollars a week ;
and as far as we can leam the officers of Chelsea
consider it an excellent arrangement, botli as it regards
economy and the reformation of the children sent there.
Indeed it seemed to us so excellent Sid * practicable
a method that we have hastened to call to it the atten-
tion of your honorable body. And if it appear worthy
of consideration, we pray that it may receive your
earliest attention. Lawrence has already made arrange-
ments with Lowell to send her truants there, and Lynn
is moving in that direction. You will see, therefore,
that should the project seem to yourselves and the
City Council desirable, how necessary it will be that
steps be taken immediately to perfect the arrangement."
The recommendation of the truant officers cannot fail
to receive the prompt and favorable attention of the
EXAMINATION OF TEACHERS.
Three public written examinations of teachers have
been held. The first, of gentlemen, April 7, for the
vacant sub-mastership in the Warren Grammar School.
Twenty-six candidates were present, many of whom
acquitted themselves very honorably. Mr. E. B. Gay
received the appointment.
Certificates were not given.
The second and third, of female teachers, one in May,
the other in November.
The following persons obtained the required per cent
Mary C. Babcock,
Mary E. Barstow,
Etta H. Barstow,
Addie M. Barstow,
Mary S. Charles,
Mary S. Dand,
Mary A. Dunnels,
Ida A. Emerson,
Sarah M. Foster,
Edith L. Howe,
Abbie E. Holt,
Emma M. Hoyt,
Fidelia L. Howland,
Abbie F. Jaquith,
. Helen M. Newhall,
Jennie A. Norris,
Julia C. Powers,
EUen M. Parker,
May, Ellen E. Pratt,
" Jennie E. Tobey,
" Lucy B. Wiggin,
" Susan F. Drake,
Nov. Evantia S. Chesley,
" Josie S. Chase,
" Mary A. Eaton,
" Sarah F. Farrer,
" Emma L. B. Hintz,
" C. D. Hayden,
" L. C. McNear,
" . N. M. Nute,
" Carrie E. Osgood,
" E. S. Eandlett.
" Mary F. Richards,
" Addie Sanderson,
" Georgie A. Smith,
" Hattie C. Thompson,
" F. E. Washburn,
" Mary B. Howland.
PREPARATION OF TEACHERS.
The supervisors of public edueation are solicitous
to procure thoroughly competent teachers, yet they
make very little provision to aid them in preparing
for their professional duties. The Normal Schools
are utterly incapable of supplying the numerous de-
mands made upon them. But' few teachers, com-
paratively, graduate from them and the professional
life of most of those vs^ho do is brief. Consequently
the cities and large towns are beginning to rely
upon themselves. Boston has a Normal School and
a Training School ; and Worcester, Springfield, and
Woburn have recently established Training Schools
which are operating very successfully. There is need of
a preparatory school in this city. It is not dealing fSlrly
and honorably by the children in our schools, to appoint
for them teachers who have had neither experience in
teaching, nor training for their duties. Pupils in
Public Schools do not learn to teach, by plodding over
lessons which they design only to recite, yet it appears
to be thought by many people that young ladies who go
through these schools are entitled, by that fact, to po-
sitions as teachers. This is a mischievous notion which
frequently gives great trouble to committees.
I have already twice presented to the Board the sub-
ject of establishing a Training School in this city, and I
hope it may receive early attention.
The cheapest and easiest method of accomplishing
this object would be to locate the school in one of the
Primary School buildings.
The following account of the Training School in
"Woburn will be of interest in this connection.
" The school was established in July, 1866. A
school building was selected in the centre of the town,
with aliout two hundred pupils divided into four Schools
— two Primary and two Intermediate, the latter cor-
responding in grade to the first two years in the Boston
Grammar Schools. They are in two distinct depart-
ments, with a principal for each department.
The requisites for admission into the Training School
are 1st. Candidates must be residents of Woburn; 2d.
They must be graduates of the High School, or of a
school of a similar grade ; 3d. It is expected (though
not made a condition,) that all will teach in the public
schools of the town.
They are obliged to remain in the school one year,
unless needed as teachers elsewhere. They are on pro-
bation thirteen weeks, receiving no pay. If approved
then, they continue, at two dollars a week, during the
remainder of the year. On admission they enter on
their work of discipline and instruction, under the eye
of the principal, and are gradually intrusted with the
work till the entire control of a room is given to them.
The number so employed should be small, in order to
secure the best results.
Thus the teachers in training have the same kind of
material to work upon that they will find elsewhere,
while the principal is at hand to point out mistakes, give
instruction, &c. At the end of a year so spent, the
graduate comes to her work with confidence. She is no
longer a raw recruit but a veteran.
The advantages secured to the town by this school are
substantially as follows : —
"1. It furnishes the schools with trained teachers — supplying a
want that has been deeply felt, and imparting to the school system a
symmetry and completeness never before possessed.
" 2. It increases the permanency of teachers by taking away all
inducements for entering the profession for a short time ; for it is
improbable that any one will give her services for a year unless she
intends to continue in the work for a considerable period.
" 3 It increases the percentage of successful teachers, as compared
with those who fail, and thereby saves much time and money now
wasted through inexperience. Of those who have graduated from
the Training School up to the present time, 93 per cent, have
"4. Not only do these advantages result but they are attended
with an actual saving of expense. The annual cost of the four
schools in the Training School is less than that of any four similar
schools in the town.
" The advantage of such a^school in furnishing trained substitutes
to fill temporary vacancies ; the facility it affords of introducing new
methods of instruction ; its tendency to bring about greater uniformity
of discipline and instruction in the various schools, will readily
IMPROVEMENT OF THE SCHOOLS.
A glance at the schools as they were four years
ago, will aid in showing what has been done for their
improvement. There was at that time no authorized
arrangement of studies for the Primary or Grammar
Schools ; and there was no rule or vote of the School
Board to indicate how long scholars should remain in
either grade, or how much they should be required to
accomplish in a year. Many thousands of dollars were
paid for instruction, but no plan existed to secure uni-
formity or system in the labor for which the money
was paid. The studies had never been classified ; and
each school was comparatively independent.
Many of the Primary Schools were crowded to
excess : several occupied rooms wholly unfit for educa-
tional purposes ; only four were graded, and not more
than six were fairly supplied with the incidental requi-
sites for teaching. In but few was definite attention
given to printing, writing, or the use of figures.
In the Grammar Schools there was a great want of
uniformity. In some of them the course of study,
as reported to me by the principals, if it could be called
a course, comprised six years ; in others, seven. Each
principal regulated the studi/ and progress of his classes
at his discretion. Pupils usually spent two years before
taking up written arithmetic, and many of them left
school before going through the simple rules. No
instruction was given in declamation, written composi
tion, map drawing, or writing letters or business
In respect to the High. School, there was a general
complaint that it did not meet the wants of the people.
Strong and very injurious prejudices against it widely
prevailed. To remedy these and similar defects in our
schools, to utilize in the highest degree the money
paid for instruction, and to secure to our youth the best
educational results, much has been accomplished.
All the Primary Schools but two have been graded ;
twenty have been supplied with desks and chairs ; and
every one furnished with the ordinary requisites for
teaching. The instruction in these schools has been-
systematized and considerably extended.
All the children are taught to print ; and those in
the first classes write, with a pencil, a fair hand,
and readily perform simple examples in addition,
subtraction, and multiplication in written arithmetic.
The standard for admission to the Grammar Schools
has been raised, and candidates are much better fitted
for the studies of those schools than they were a few
The studies of the Grammar Schools have been sys-
tematically arranged, and parallel classes are advancing
with nearly equal steps. Physical culture receives daily
attention ; declamation, written composition, and draw-
ing, have been introduced into all the classes ; letters
and the simple forms of business papers are written by
the higher classes, and book-keeping is now studied by
the first classes.
For three years past diplomas have been given to
pupils that have finished the course of study in these
schools, and the influence of this measure has been
salutary. Instead of beginning written arithmetic in
the third year, as formerly, children now learn the use
of figures in the Primary Schools, and, during their first
two years in the Grammar Schools, they obtain a fair
knowledge of the fundamental rules, and of United
States Money. The method of conducting writing has
been greatly improved. Pupils are now trained in
writing the capital and loop letters in the first two
years ; formerly, in some of the schools, they spent
four years without making either.
The Grammar Schools are, emphatically, the schools
of the people, and should deal justly and generously
by the children of the poor. This cannot be done by
extending the course of study in these schools, for it is
beyond the reach of three-fourths of the children now,
but by giving the short-time pupils the instruction they
need for an early entrance upon the practical duties of
life. This can be accomplished without injury to
sound scholarship ; and the measures you have adopted, if
properly carried out, will do much towards securing this
most desirable object. Itis a mistake, it is morally wrong,
to adapt the school system, chiefly to the convenience of
the few who have time and means at their command
The higher classes in the Grammar Schools are con-
siderably larger, and much farther advanced in their
studies than they were a few years ago : and there is
no good reason why they may not be still larger in the
future. These schools may, without undue pressure or
deterioration in scholarship annually graduate from one
hundred and fifty to ttvo hundred pupils.
Calisthenics, military drill, and drawing have been
introduced into the High School. This school has been
greatly improved by the establishment of a course of
English studies ; and, when suitable arrangements are
made for teaching the sciences, the educational wants
of our young people will be amply provided for.
As a result of the various measures adopted, the
labors of teachers and pupils have been more deiSnitely
and judiciously directed, the schools have been brought
into greater harmony with the best conducted schools
of other cities, and valuable results have been obtained
in every department of our work.
The changes which have been introduced have added
very little if anything to the tasks of the pupils.
Drawing is an aid to penmanship, composition to gram-
mar ; and judicious physical exercises develop the bodily
and mental energies.
The somewhat prevalent notion that pupils in our
public schools are required to perform an excess of
brain work is baseless. That some physically feeble
children study more than their health allows is quite
possible, but the remedy for such is very simple : they
can fall back to a class where the task is lighter.
Should the fevv over-worked children in any of our
cities be classed according to their physical strength,
their offended parents would immediately express their
indignation. The difficulty is, ambitious fathers and
mothers want their delicate children to stand at the
head of their respective classes ; and, to enable them
to do this, the progress of the classes must be so slow
that such pupils may not be over-taxed.
That children in all our cities .suffer for want of
physical culture is readily admitted. To remedy this
defect in our schools much has been accomplished ; and
much more is required.
In conclusion, gentlemen, I tender to you my thanks
for your personal and official kindness. The recom-
mendations which I have thought proper to make, you
have duly considered, and, with very few exceptions,
adopted. As a reward for your numerous and trying
labors, you have the satisfaction of knowing that you
have contributed much to advance the interests of
education, and to prepare the youth of this city for
the responsibilties of active life. Our schools are doing
well ; and they will, I trust, be far more prosperous in
the future than they are at present.
J. H. TWOMBLY, Sup't of Public Schools.
Decembeb 30, 1870.
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I-H (?^ CO
STATISTICS of PRIMAl^ SCHOOLS for ISHi).
Helen G. Turner,
Effie G. Hazen,
Eliz. B. Norton,
Mary H. Humphrey,
Rose J. Prescott,
S. A. Atwood,
Al. Josephine Siiiiih,
Eliz. W. Yeaton,
Abbie P. Richardson,
Melissa J. A. Conley,
Jennie D. Smith,
Frances M. Lane,
Carrie E. Osgood,
M. A. Blanchard,
Mary P. Swain,
P. M. Whittemore,
Frances B. Butts,
Louisa W. Huntress,
Carrie E. Smith,
Louisa A. Pratt,
E. A. Prichard,
E. R. Brower,
C C. Brower,
Mary E. Taylor,
Evalena F. Nelson,
S, E. Smith,
L. M. Armstead,
Ellen M. Armstead,
CM W. Tilden,
Carrie A. Rea,
Fannie A. Foster,
Location of Pri-
Bunker Hill Street,
Wm. H. Finney,
George H. Marden.
Chas. E. Daniels,
A. J. Locke.
Chas. F. Smith,
James F. Hunnewell,
M. H. Merriam,
J. W. Rand.
A. E. Cutter,
Geo. A. Hamilton,
Wm. R. Bradford.
ORDER OF EXERCISES,
D E T:> I C A T I C) N
HIGH SCHOOL HOUSE,
CHAR LEST OWN
DECEIVtBiilR 14, 187-0.
]. KEADTNG Selections from the Scriptures, Rev. C. E. Grinnet.l.
2. PRAYER, Rev. H. W. Warren.
3. STATPjMENT hy George B. Neal, E,S(j., CliairniHii of Comniittee on City
Proi)erty, on passing tlie Keys to the Mayor, Cliairman ex-offlcio of
the School Committee.
4. ADDRESS of his Honor, Mayor Kext. on receiving the Keys and ])assing
them to the Chairman of the High School Committee.
.5. ADDRESS of Rev. Dr. Gardner, Chairman of the Higli School Committee
on receiving the Keys and passing them to the Principal of the High
G. ADDRESS by OALicii Kmkiiv, Ks(J., rriiKdpal of tlie Hii^li Scliool, on rocoiviiiK
M IT S T C .
7. DEDICATroX ODK. by A. E. CcTTEn.
There, valor's mouumental pile,
Here, Academic Hall ;
Pit .structures for ]iistori(' Iiill,
And worthy coronal.
Where swarthy Mars roU'd his black cloud,
And lighted it with flame.
Sweet peace is found, and temple raised
To mild Minerva's name.
There, as at Freedom's holy shrine,
Be pilgrim homage paid ;
Here, scholars scan the classic lino,
The lofty Iliad.
For meet it is, in scholar's mind.
Call it not base alloy.
To mingle thoughts of Bunker Hill
With Homer's Siege of Troy.
Then, side by side thus proudly stand ;
Due honor give each one ;
This, dedicate to life's great aim.
And that, to great deeds done.
S. SHORT ADDRESSES by the Superintendent and others.