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Full text of "Annual report of the trustees of the State Lunatic Hospital at Worcester"


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REPORT 



RELATING TO 



LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



SENATE No. 16. 



SECOND 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE TRUSTEES 



tp i? 



ORCEST 



DECEMBER, 1834, 



BUTTON AND WENT WORTH, STATE PRINTERS, 
1835- 



To His Excellency, John Davis, Governor, and the Hon- 
orable Council of the Commonwealth. 

The Trustees of the State Lunatic Hospital, at Wor- 
cester, respectfully present their Second Annual Re- 
port. 

The Hospital has been in operation very nearly two 
years. How far the Institution was needed, may be 
learned from the fact, that, almost from the first moment 
of its being opened, the building has been filled with in- 
mates ; and during the last year a large number have ap- 
plied for admission, for whom no accommodation could 
be furnished. Two hundred and seventy two patients in 
all, have been received into the Hospital, and one hun- 
dred and fifty four have been discharged — leaving, on 
the 30th of November, one hundred and eighteen. 

Very many of the circumstances, of a discouraging 
kind, referred to in the last Report, have ceased to ope- 
rate. These circumstances were not merely incident to 
the commencement of a great undertaking, but were 
marked peculiarities in this undertaking. They demand- 
ed incessant watchfulness, and the constant exercise of 
the best faculties of all, who were employed in the regu- 
lar duties of the Institution. Great credit, with refer- 
ence to the result of these exertions, is due to the Stew- 
ard and Matron, for their uniform and well-directed assi- 
duity and industry, which have been continued to the 
entire acceptance of the Trustees. The Hospital is now 
in the train of successful and benign operation, and takes 



4 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. Jan 

its appropriate rank amongst the noblest charities of the 
land. 

The peculiar character of this Institution should al- 
ways be borne in mind, in forming a judgment of what 
has been accomplished, and in running a contrast of its 
results with those of any other Institution of the same 
general character. This Hospital is the receptacle of all 
persons arraigned as criminals, but found, by the proper 
judicial tribunals, to have committed the offences whilst 
in a state of insanity. It is the receptacle, also, of all 
lunatics, who are adjudged to be so furiously mad, as to 
render their continuance at large manifestly dangerous to 
the peace and safety of the community, and of another 
class — a large one in all communities — that of pauper lu- 
natics. These circumstances very essentially distinguish 
this Institution, as a Lunatic Hospital, from other Insti- 
tutions of the same kind, both at home and abroad, and 
cannot be kept out of sight without injustice. It is ne- 
cessary, therefore, that these statements should be occa- 
sionally repeated — it being required by law, that a report, 
upon the condition of the Hospital, be laid every year be- 
fore the whole Government of the Commonwealth, to a 
major part of whose members these characteristics of the 
Institution may not be altogether familiar. 

The class of incurables now embraces, and probably 
always must embrace, a large proportion of all the in- 
mates of the Hospital. This fact is an important one in 
reference to the success of the Institution. Of the whole 
number, one hundred and eighteen, in the Hospital, over 
seventy belong to this class. Whilst the return of so 
large a body of our fellow-beings to the bosom and busi- 
ness of society, is for the most part hopeless, the State 
may well console itself with the reflection, that their con- 



1835. SENATE— No. 16. 5 

dition here is very essentially improved. The maniac 
of the most ferocious character, has here been, not in- 
deed cured, but tamed and restored to the comforts and 
decencies of life. The experiment of this Institution has 
abundantly and happily shown, that there are very few 
cases of derangement or obliquity of intellect, which may 
not be ameliorated by the kindly influences of humane 
treatment. In this respect, the bounty of the Common- 
wealth has not been misplaced. The result, in the opin- 
ion of the Trustees, has entirely exceeded the most san- 
guine anticipations. And this alone is a consummation 
which can neither be weighed nor measured by any pe- 
cuniary considerations whatever. 

Deeply important as this view of the Institution at once 
becomes to every generous mind, its counterbalancing 
effect upon the general success of the Hospital is not to 
be overlooked. With so large a proportion of those 
deemed incurable, the annual average of cures must be 
sensibly affected. And yet, even in this respect, the 
Trustees believe there is cause for no small degree of 
satisfaction and gratulation. During the past year, one 
hundred and nineteen patients have been received into 
the Hospital, of these, fifty Jive were old cases, and sixty 
four, recent ones. In the same period, one hundred and 
fifteen have been discharged ; of these, forty nine were 
old cases, and sixty six recent ones. Of those discharg- 
ed, sixty four were cured — twenty two improved — sixteen 
stationary — -four idiotic — eight have died, and one has 
eloped. The cures amount to fifty five and three fourths 
per cent. 

By an examination of the tables of fourteen French, 
and twelve English Hospitals, only two are found — one 

2 



6 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. Jan 

English and one French — in which the proportion of 
cures is a very little larger : and both of these were pri- 
vate institutions, where a selection of patients could be 
made. In five American Hospitals, running through a 
period of more than one hundred years, the proportion 
of cures is less. 

Of the forty nine old cases, discharged during the year, 
ten have been cured, sixteen improved, fourteen are sta- 
tionary, four have died, and one has eloped — the cures 
amounting to twenty and an half per cent. 

Of the sixty six recent cases, fifty four have been cured, 
six improved, two stationary, and four have died — the 
cures amounting to eighty two and a quarter per cent. 

The average of recoveries in this Hospital (55§ per 
cent) may very properly be contrasted with that of seve- 
ral foreign public Hospitals. In thirteen m Great Britain, 
the average is 35 per cent. In five French Hospitals, it 
is 43 per cent. In four in Germany, it is 31 per cent. 

The average number of patients in this Hospital, du- 
ring the year, has been one hundred and seventeen. Of 
these eight have died, which is a proportion of one in 
fourteen and five eights, or 6 4-5 per cent. In French 
Hospitals, where the tables have been examined, the av- 
erage of deaths is twenty two per cent ; and those of Eng- 
land twenty four per cent. 

The number of town paupers in the Hospitals, at the 
close of the year, was forty seven; and of State paupers 
thirty two. Eleven have been received during the year by 
order of the higher courts. Of the two hundred and sev- 
enty two patients, that have been in the Hospital, one 
hundred and sixty three were admitted by judicial authori- 
ty, and one hundred and nine were private patients : one 
hundred and sixty five were males, one hundred and seven 



1835. SENATE— No. 16. 7 

i 

females. One hundred and seventeen were recent cases ; 
one hundred and fifty five, old ones. Of the thirty six 
charged with high offences, who have been committed to 
the Hospital since it was opened, eighteen attempted 
homicide, and nine actually committed the crime. 

The public ought to be more deeply impressed, than 
they seem as yet to have been, with the importance of 
placing all cases of insanity, whilst yet recent, under pro- 
per medical treatment. Nearly all patients, laboring un- 
der recent attacks, can, if subjected to seasonable applian- 
ces, be restored to soundness and usefulness. The facts, 
already stated in this Report, concerning the large class of 
incurables in the Hospital, ought to inspire the communi- 
ty with unwonted vigilance. Under the influence of the 
most humane motives, the Legislature have wisely direct- 
ed, that the Trustees may, at their discretion, receive 
poor patients, whether supported by any town or city or 
not, recently attacked by insanity, for a less sum than the 
actual cost for their support. By a prompt concurrence 
with the Legislature in the design of this generous pro- 
vision, the evils of mental alienation may be brought un- 
der easy control, and the quiet, good order, and happiness 
of the community, of families, and of individuals, be es- 
sentially subserved and promoted. 

Some misconception has arisen in regard to the sup- 
port of the inmates at the Hospital, more particularly of 
the class of town paupers. The Commonwealth having 
founded this Institution, it has been supposed that the in- 
tention of the government was, to provide for the sup- 
port of all those, who were unable to provide for their 
own. No change, it ought to be explicitly understood, 
has ever been made in the old laws upon this subject. 
The Trustees, therefore, must continue to be governed by 
those laws, until the Legislature shall direct otherwise. 



8 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. Jan 

The financial condition of the Institution will appear 
from the Treasurer's Report. The accounts have been 
kept, during the past year, with as much precision, dis- 
tinctness, and method, as are in the power of the officers 
having charge of this department. The system now in- 
troduced, was commenced in the course of the first year, 
but was necessarily left incomplete, in consequence of the 
peculiar circumstances, already referred to, attendant upon 
the opening of the Hospital. 

The advantages to be derived to the government and 
to the community, from the services of the Trustees, in 
their connection with the Hospital, must always very 
much depend upon the amount of experience they may 
be able to bring to the discharge of their duties. The 
existing arrangement withdraws two of the five members 
annually from the Board. It is believed that this arrange- 
ment is not consonant with a sound view of the duties de- 
volving upon the Trustees, particularly in reference to the 
value of any experience they may acquire. It is there- 
fore respectfully suggested, that the statute be so altered 
as to provide, that the place of the senior Trustee only 
be annually vacated. 

An experiment, to test the benefit of agricultural labor 
to the inmates, and its advantages to the Institution, has 
been tried the past season, and has resulted most satis- 
factorily. In addition to the tillage land, owned in con- 
nection with the Hospital, a lot of eight acres in the im- 
mediate vicinity was also hired at an expense, rent and 
manure included, of seventy dollars. The clear product 
from this lot is estimated at about two hundred and fifty 
dollars : the product from all the land cultivated is esti- 
mated at above six hundred dollars. Labor is deemed 
an important means of cure in old cases, and is greatly 



1835. SENATE— No. 16. 9 

beneficial to the inmates, affording them employment and 
recreation, of which they are at all times very desirous. 
It is believed, that an appropriation for additional means 
of giving occupation to the patients — such as shops for 
various mechanical and handicraft pursuits — would an- 
swer a valuable purpose. 

It has already been stated, that the Hospital has been 
constantly full during the past year. For a period of 
five months, an accurate record was kept of the number 
of applications for admission. The whole number was 
ninety-three : of these, forty-seven individuals were re- 
ceived, and forty- six were necessarily rejected for want 
of room. Within the main building, consisting of six 
extensive galleries for the accommodation of the in- 
mates, it is found impossible to maintain the classifica- 
tion, which is desirable and important. The proportion, 
too, of males to females, being very nearly two to one, 
renders it necessary to bring the latter together in two of 
the galleries, making thereby the classification still more 
incomplete. Convalescents are compelled to intermingle 
with the unquiet and excited, and many inconveniences 
are felt, which cause the appliances of art and skill to be 
less promptly effectual, than they would be under other 
and more favorable regulations. These inconveniences 
may be remedied, and the general arrangements of the 
Hospital be improved by the erection of two additional 
buildings — one, for the reception of convalescents, and 
the other for the incurable. The effects upon the great 
objects of the Institution would be in the highest degree 
beneficial ; and there would be, in all probability, in con- 
sequence of such an arrangement, a sufficient amount of 
accommodation for an increased number of curable cases. 
The latter object alone might not, perhaps, form an ad- 



10 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. Jan 

equate apology for the Trustees in pressing this subject 
upon the consideration of the government: but the view 
first presented affects the vita) interests of the Institu- 
tion. So much has already been accomplished, honora- 
ble to the character of the Commonwealth, in the erec- 
tion and preparation of this Hospital, and so gratifying 
are the results already arrived at, that it would seem to 
be the obligation of a lofty and far-reaching generosity 
to finish, under the steady guidance of the lights of ex- 
perience, what has been thus fortunately commenced. 

The Trustees refer with great satisfaction to the Re- 
port of the Superintendent of the Hospital, which is 
herewith communicated, for a large mass of minute de- 
tails and important information concerning the condition 
of the Institution and its inmates. From the whole, the 
Government of the Commonwealth will be enabled to 
judge whether any other feeling, than that of gratulation 
and gratitude, can grow out of the contemplation of this 
enlightened charity. Commending it to the closest 
scrutiny and to the watchful guardianship of the Gov- 
ernment, the Trustees would feel themselves wanting in 
a most pleasing duty, did they fail to notice, in conclu- 
sion, how deeply the institution is indebted, for its un- 
looked-for prosperity, to the able and devoted ministra- 
tions of the Superintendent. 

W. B. CALHOUN, \ 

ALFRED DWIGHT FOSTER,/ 
F. C. GRAY, \ Trustees. 

THOS. KINNICUTT, ( 

THOS. A. GREENE, J 

Worcester, Dec. 10, 1834. 



1835. SENATE— No. 16. 11 



To His Excellency, John Davis, Governor, and the 
Honorable Executive Council of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts. 

In conformity with the provisions of the law concern- 
ing the State Lunatic Hospital, the Treasurer of 
that Institution respectfully presents his Annual 



The Treasurer charges himself with the balance on 
hand December 16, 1833, and with the amount of his 
receipts, on account of the Hospital, from all sources, 
from December 16, 1833, to November 30, 1834, inclu- 
sive, being 18,929 19 
Credit on several bills for ashes, 

soap-grease, flour barrels, &c. 

not included in the above 

sum, 43 68 



#18,972 87 



He credits himself with the a- 

mount of payments (including 

#43 68, paid by credits for 

ashes, &.c.) for claims, against 

the Hospital, accruing from 

December 1, 1833, to No- 
vember 30, 1834, inclusive, 16,940 27 
And for the balance on hand 

December 1, 1834, carried to 

new account, 2,032 60 



#18.972 87 



12 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. Jan 

The amount for which the Treasurer charges himself 
is thus made up : 

Balance of last year's ac- 
count, 83 08 

Borrowed, on the personal re- 
sponsibility of the Treasurer, 
to meet payments due the 
first quarter of the year, when 
there was no money in the 
Treasury, and before the ap- 
propriation was made by the 
Legislature $1,100, deducting 
30 days interest on #1,000, 1,095 00 

Received of the Treasurer of 
the Commonwealth amount 
of two warrants, 7,000 00 

Received of the city of Boston, 
Towns, and individuals for the 
support of patients, 10,626 51 

Amount of sundry small sums, 
received by the steward, for 
clothing furnished patients 
leaving the Hospital, rails not 
wanted, &c. 30 40 

Amount received by the steward 

for oxen sold, 94 20 

Amount credited on several bills 
for ashes, soap-grease, flour 
barrels, &c. 43 68 

#18,972 87 



1835. SENATE— No. 16. 13 

The amount for which the Treasurer credits himself 
is thus made up, as appears by an analysis of all the 
vouchers of his account. 

Improvements and Repairs, 1,003 25 

Furniture, 488 52 

Salaries, wages and labor, 5,206 52 

Provisions and groceries, 5,376 88 

Fuel and lights, 1,917 17 

Clothing, linen, &c. 580 44 

Medical supplies, 431 00 

Hay, 282 19 

Miscellaneous, 1,654 30 

Balance to new account, 2,032 60 

_ — . g\ 8,972 87 



14 



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SENATE— No. 16. 



15 






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16 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



Jan 



Under Provisions and Groceries, are included items, as 

follows. 



Beef, 


lbs. 


11,531 


#599 39 


Veal, 


tt 


2,703 


160 73 


Pork, 


ti 


1,174} 


93 31 


Mutton and Lamb, 


a 


1,469J 


103 11 


Salt Beef, 


u 


1,837} 


97 92 


Ham, 


a 


921} 


98 39 


Salt Pork, 


bbls. 


17 


349 00 


Fresh Fish, 


lbs. 




40 08 


Salt Fish, 


a 


2,831 


91 15 


Mackerel, 


bbls. 


3 


15 50 


Poultry, 






50 99 


Sausages and tongues, lbs. 


264| 


29 96 


Oysters, 






2 40 


Cheese, 


lbs. 


3,871} 


351 30 


Butter, 


(< 


4,704 10 oz. 


782 82 


Sugar, 


u 


5,004J 


455 45 


Coffee, 


a 


604} 


78 20 


Tea, 


n 


725 


237 89 


Rice, 


a 


2,620 


93 08 


Molasses, 


Gallons, 


456 


157 16 


Vinegar, 


bbls. 


6 


23 02 


Flour, 


a 


113 


662 81 


Corn & Indian meal, 


bushels, 


186 


161 77 


Biscuit, 






103 17 


E gg s > 






17 71 


Milk, 


gallons, 


1,254} 


166 34 


Apples, Fruit, Salt, } 
peas, beans, spices, p 
&,c, \ 






175 44 



1835. SENATE— No. 16. 


17 


Potatoes, bushels, 446J 


154 25 


Onions, parsnips, &c, 


24 54 



$5,376 88 
Under Fuel and Lights are included, as follows. 



Wood,* 


377 cords 6 ft. 


10 in. 


1,616 11 


Charcoal, 


826i bushels, 




85 75 


Anthracite, 


5J tons, 




58 75 


Oil, 


142 gallons, 




139 05 


Candles, 


107J pounds, 




17 51 



$1,917 17 

Under Miscellaneous, are included as follows : 

Repayment of borrowed money, 1,100 00 

Funeral charges for deceased patients, inclu- 
ding removal of one to Springfield, 66 75 
Expenses of pursuit of elopers, of returning 
patients discharged, and money advanced 
them when leaving, 98 24 
Rent of land 40, pasturing 42,72, keeping 

oxen in the winter 1 1 ,25, 93 97 

Soap, 105 69 

Two bills, not paid by Commissioners for 

building Hospital, 25 57 

Expenses of answering the order of the House 

of Representatives, March 5, 1834, 20 87 

Blank books and stationary, 53 12 

Postage, 14 42 

* It ought to be stated that about 70 cords of wood embraced in the ac- 
counts of this year, were purchased and probably consumed before its com- 
mencement. 



18 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. Jan 

Sundry charges not coming under any head, 75 67 



#1,654 30 

It will be observed that the whole amount of 

payments is #18,972 87 

And of this sum the repayment of 

borrowed money is 1,100 00 

Balance on hand, 2,032 60 

3,132 60 



Leaving the actual cost of maintaining the 
Hospital from December 1, 1833, to No- 
vember 30, 1834, inclusive, to be #15,840 27 
This sum divided by the average number of patients 
during the year — 117 — will give for each an average of 
#135 39 per annum, or #2 60j per week; from which 
may be deducted an allowance for those extra charges 
for particular patients, which ought not to be charged 
upon the whole number, equal to ten cents per week ; so 
that the actual cost for each is fairly estimated at t wo 
dollars and fifty cents per week. 

Some of the payments, this year, are for permanent 
improvements, such as paving the gutters to the roads on 
the Hospital hill, and gravelling the roads, which will not 
require to be renewed for many years. Yet it is proba- 
ble that the expenses will never be much reduced from 
what they now are, and that the annual current expenses 
of supporting the Hospital, supposing a like number of 
patients to continue, will be fifteen or sixteen thousand 
dollars. 

Should the Legislature think it expedient to erect a 
Hospital for that class of patients deemed incurable, yet 



1835. SENATE— No. 16. 19 

unsafe to go at large, as no more expense would be requi- 
site for Superintendent, Steward, and Assistant Physi- 
cian, there can be little doubt that the occupants of such 
a building might be supported, for about one dollar and 
fifty cents per week. 

The balances of all accounts charged to the city, towns 
and individuals and unpaid on the 30th of November, 
amounted to $ 12,6 13 08. Should this, or any consider- 
able portion of it, be collected, it will not be necessary to 
draw any further upon the State Treasury for the sup- 
port of the Hospital the year ensuing. In no event will 
a further appropriation for the current expenses be requi- 
site this year. 

There is in the Hospital a large class of patients who 
are foreigners, removed there, under the operation of the 
law, from the Jails and Houses of Correction. Every 
town (except the city of Boston) whose officers have no- 
ticed the Treasurer's letters, has refused to pay the bills 
for their support. The city of Boston has paid all char- 
ges against it to the thirty-first of May, 1834, inclusive. 

In order to obtain a judicial interpretation of the stat- 
utes, and that the question of liability for the support of 
patients of that class may be settled, by direction of the 
Trustees and advice of Pliny Merrick, Esq. District At- 
torney, an action was brought against the town of Wor- 
cester, at the September term of the Court of Common 
Pleas, in the county of Worcester, carried up to the Su- 
preme Judicial Court, and there argued upon an agreed 
statement of facts. The decision of the Court is not yet 
announced, and the charges for such patients remain, 
awaiting that decision. 

Mr. Merrick's opinion has been asked and given in 
several instances, but as most, if not all the questions, 



20 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. Jan 

presented to him, are embraced in the case under the 
consideration of the Court, it is not thought necessary to 
annex copies of his opinions to this Report. 

Under the authority given to the Trustees to receive 
poor patients, recently attacked by insanity, at a less 
price than the actual cost of support, there have been 
received into the Hospital, within the year, ten, of whom 
eight are discharged, and two remain, at one dollar and 
fifty cents per week. Since the Hospital has been in 
operation the Trustees have allowed this bounty in twen- 
ty-two cases ; nineteen of which were charged $1 50 
per week and three 02 00 per week. One patient has 
been charged $3 00 per week and all others $2 50 per 
week. 

Complaints are frequently made of the price of board, 
as being a heavy charge upon those who support the pa- 
tients, but perhaps I shall be justified in saying that, so 
far as my information extends, there is no reason to fear 
a comparison with any other establishment of the kind 
in that respect. It is believed not to be possible to make 
a Hospital a remedial institution and keep it as such an 
institution should be, and yet support the patients at a 
very low rate of board, if it be expected that the charge 
for patients shall defray the current expenses. 

I have thus presented all that occurs to me as of im- 
portance to be embraced in this report. If it be too mi- 
nute I trust it will be excused ; if not sufficiently so the 
books and vouchers are open to the scrutiny of any per- 
sons authorized to examine them. 

ALFRED DWIGHT FOSTER, 

Treasurer of the State Lunatic Hospital. 
Worcester, December 10, 1834. 



SECOND REPORT 

Of the Superintendent of the State Lunatic Hospital, Worcester, Massachusetts, from December \st, 1333 to November 30th, 185i, inclusive. 



No. 


Time 


of 


Age. 


Sex. 




Admission. 








183 


3 






1 


Jan. 


19 


44 


Male 


2 


(i 


22 


58 


Male 


3 


it 


22 


26 


Male 


5 


ii 


28 


30 


Male 


6 


" 


28 


35 


Male 


7 


it 


29 


37 


Male 


8 


» 


30 


49 


Male 


9 


Feb. 


5 


65 


Male 


10 


a 


5 


41 


Male 


n 


it 


11 


40 


Female 


12 


it 


15 


34 


Male 


13 


» 


15 


56 


Male 


14 


II 


15 


67 


Male 


15 


it 


15 


45 


Male 


16 


a 


15 


30 


Female 


17 


u 


15 


35 


Female 


18 


ii 


18 


60 


Female 


19 


it 


18 


48 


Female 


20 


ii 


18 


23 


Male 


21 


ii 


18 


28 


Male 


23 


ii 


18 


34 


Male 


24 


ii 


27 


68 


Male 


26 


ii 


28 


50 


Male 


27 


ii 


28 


36 


Male 


28 


March 3 


25 


Male 


30 


ii 


6 


51 


Female 


32 


« 


6 


47 


Male 


33 


ii 


6 


30 


Male 


34 


" 


6 


34 


Male 


35 


" 


6 


40 


Male 


36 


" 


6 


30 


Male 


37 


« 


7 


37 


Male 


39 


ii 


8 


32 


Male 


40 


ii 


8 


67 


Male 


41 


a 


8 


52 


Female 


44 


it 


16 


45 


Male 


45 


a 


16 


49 


Male 


47 


ii 


27 


42 


Male 


52 


it 


27 


24 


Male 


54 


ii 


28 


31 


Male 


56 


" 


26 


34 


Male 


58 


" 


28 


39 


Male 


59 


1 April 3 


33 


Female 



Married or 
Sinjle. 



Supposed Cause. 



Single 
Widower 
Single 
Single 
Single 
Widower 
Single 
Widower 
Married 
Widow 
Widower 
Married 
Widower 
Single 
Widow 
Widow 
Wirlow 
Widow 
Single 
Single 
Single 
Single 
Widower 
Married 
Single 
Married 
Married 
Single 
Single 
Single 
Married 
Single 
Single 
Single 
^Single 
Single 
Widower 
Single 
Single 
Single 
Single 
Single 
I Single 



Fanaticism 

Religions Excitement 

Wound on the Head 

Intemperance 

Intemperance 

Intemperance 

Disappointed Affection 

Loss of Property 

Intemperance 

Unknown 

Intemperance 

Intemperance 

Intemperance 

Intemperance 

Unknown 

Unknown 

Unknown 

Unknown 

Masinrbation 

Masturbation 

Unknown 

Fanaticism 

Intemperance 

Intemperance 

Wound on the Head 

Unhappy Marriage 

Intemperance 

Repelled Eruption 

Intemperance 

Intemperance 

Intemperance 

Intemperance 

Abuse of Parents 

Unknown 

Intemperance 

Disappointed Affection 

Unknown 

Intemperance 

Masturbation 

Result of Measles 

Excessive Study 

Unknown 

Unknown 

A 



Duration before 
Admission. 



10 years 
17 years 

3 years 
7 years 
6 years 
6 years 

10 years 
28 years 

6 months 
10 years 

14 years 

15 years 
24 years 
Unknown 
Unknown 
Unknown 
23 years 

7 years 
5 years 
5 years 

7 years 
15 years 
10 years 

5 years 

2 years 
•3 months. 

10 years 
Unknown 

4 years 

3 years 
2 years 
9 years 

11 years 

15 years 

6 years 

16 years 
14 years 

8 years 
Unknown 
14 years 

6 years 
10 years 
13 years 



By whom committed. 



The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Legislature 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Friends. 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 



Time spent in 
the Hospital. 



15 months 
22 months 
22 months 
22 months 
22 months 
22 months 
22 months 
22 months 
13 months 
18 months 
21 months 
21 months 
21 months 
18 months 
21 months 
21 months 
21 months 
21 months 
21 months 
21 months 
21 months 
21 months 

10 months 
21 months 
21 months 

12 months 
20 months 
20 months 
20 months 
20 months 
20 months 
20 months 
20 months 

1 1 months 
20 months 
20 months 
20 months 

16 months 
20 months 
11 months 
20 months 

13 months 
20 months 



Discharged or 
Remains. 



Eloped 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Discharged 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Discharged 

Remains 

Remains 

Discharged 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Discharged 

Remains 

Discharged 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Discharged 

Remains 

Discharged 

Remains 

Discharged 

Remains 



In what State. 



Stationary 
Improved 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Stationary- 
Improved 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Recovered 
Idiotic 
Improved 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Idiotic 
Stationary 
Idiotic 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Improved 
Improved 
Stationary 
Improved 
Recovered 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Recovered 
Improved 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Improved 
Improved 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Idiotic 
Stationary 



Hereditary. Periodical, or 
Paroxismal, with Remarks. 



Hereditary. 

Complicated with Asthma. 

Periodical. 

Periodical. 

Paroxismal. 

Hereditary. 

Hereditary. 

Hereditary. 

Hereditary. 

Unfit subject. 

Labors faithfully. 

Hereditary. 

Health improved. 

Unfit subject. 

Nearly Idiotic. 

Paroxismal. 

Paroxismal. 
Nearly Idiotic. 
Labors well. 



Hereditary and Periodical. 

Paroxismal. 

Chorea. 

Hereditary. 

Paroxismal. 

Nearly Idiotic. 



Paralytic. 



Hereditary. 

Hered. complicated with 
[Asthma. 
Nearly Idiotic. 



Health Improved. 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



Jan 



No. 


Time 


of 


Age. 


Sex. 


Married or 


Supposed Cause. 


Duration before 


By whom committed. 


Time spent in 


Discharged or 


In what State. 


Hereditary, Periodical, or 




Admission. 






Single. 




Admission. 




the Hospital. 


Remains. 




Paroxismal, with Remarks. 


60 


April 


3 


24 


Female 


Single 


Masturbation 


Unknown 


The Court 


20 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




61 


u 


3 


34 


Female 


Married 


Unknown 


Unknown 


The Court 


20 months 


Remains 


Improved 




62 


« 


3 


30 


Female 


Single 


Intemperance 


2 years 


The Court 


20 months 


Remains 


Improved 




63 


t( 


3 


24 


Female 


Single 


Intemperance 


2 years 


The Court 


20 months 


Remains 


Improved 


Paroxismal. 


64 


« 


3 


42 


Female 


Single 


Unknown 


13 years 


The Court 


20 months 


Remains 


Improved 




66 


II 


3 


43 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


7 years 


The Court 


20 months 


Remains 


Improved 


Hereditary, Periodical and 
Paroxismal. 


69 


" 


5 


47 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


17 years 


The Court 


20 months 


Remains 


Stationary 


Paroxismal. 


70 


n 


5 


47 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


10 years 


The Court 


20 months 


Remains 


Stationary 


Nearly Idiotic. 


71 


" 


5 


27 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


10 years 


The Court 


10 months 


Died 


Stationary 


Marasmus. 


72 


ii 


5 


23 


Male 


Single 


.Masturbation 


6 years 


The Court 


11 months 


Discharged 


Idiotic 




73 


ii 


5 


57 


Male 


Single 


Disappointed Affection 


10 years 


The Court 


20 months 


Remains 


Stationary 


Has Epilepsy. 


74 


ii 


5 


34 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


8 years 


The Court 


20 months 


Remains 


Stationary 


Health Improved. 


75 


,« 


6 


22 


Male 


Single 


Masturbation 


3 years 


The Court 


10 months 


Died 


Stationary 


Consumption. 


76 


" 


6 


30 


Female 


Single 


Unknown 


3 years 


The Court 


12 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




77 


" 


6 


26 


Female 


Single 


Unknown 


Unknown 


The Court 


18 months 


Discharged 


Idiotic 




78 


it 


6 


28 


Female 


Single 


Unknown 


Unknown 


The Court 


20 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




79 


" 


6 


46 


Female 


Single 


Unknown 


5 years 


The Court 


18 months 


Discharged 


Stationary 




84 


" 


16 


30 


Male 


Single 


Masturbation 


20 years 


The Court 


19 months 


Remains 


Stationary 


Hereditary. 


86 


May 


1 


29 


Female 


Single 


Unknown 


2 years 


The Friends 


11 months 


Discharged 


Stationary 


Hereditary & Paroxismal. 


91 


u 


16 


26 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


3 years 


The Court 


7 months 


Discharged 


Stationary 


Hereditary. 


92 


" 


16 


30 


Male 


Single 


Wound on the Head 


26 years 


The Court 


13 months 


Discharged 


Idiotic 




94 


It 


21 


49 


Male 


Widower 


Loss of Property 


7 months 


The Towti 


11 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




95 


II 


24 


66 


Male 


Married 


Wound on the Head 


15 years 


The Court 


18 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




98 


II 


30 


78 


Female 


Widow- 


Unknown 


20 years 


The Court 


9 months 


Discharged 


Improved 


Hereditary. 


101 


June 


5 


40 


Male 


Single 


Disappointed Ambition 


10 years 


The Court 


18 months 


Remains 


Improved 


Hereditary. 


102 


ii 


6 


42 


Female 


Single 


Fanaticism 


14 years 


The Court 


18 mouths 


Remains 


Stationary 




103 


" 


8 


16 


Male 


Single' 


Masturbation 


2 years 


The Court 


18 months 


Remains 


Improved 




104 


it 


13 


40 


Female 


Single 


111 Health 


18 months 


The Town 


6 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




105 


ii 


28 


30 


Male 


Married 


Intemperance 


3 months 


The Court 


10 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




106 


" 


28 


24 


Female 


Married 


Intemperance 


1 year 


The Court 


6 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




107 


" 


28 


38 


Female 


Married 


Jealousy 


6 years 


The Court 


17 months 


Remains 


Unproved 




108 


July 


1 


23 


Male 


Single 


Disappointed Ambition 


2 years 


The Friends 


17 months 


Remains 


Statipnary 


Hereditary 


111 


" 


2 


25 


Male 


Married 


Family Trouble 


9 months 


The Court 


9 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




112 


ii 


8 


31 


Female 


Married 


Fanaticism 


1 week 


The Court 


8 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Hereditary. 


113 


" 


10 


30 


Female 


Married 


Abuse of Husband 


1 year 


The Court 


16 months 


Remains 


Improved 


Paroxismal. 


114 


ii 


12 


39 


Male 


Single 


Fanaticism 


15 years 


The Friends 


16 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




116 


" 


29 


45 


Male 


Married 


Perplexing Study 


20 years 


The Court 


9 months 


Discharged 


Stationary 


Paroxismal. 


118 


Aug. 


11 


G3 


Male 


Married 


Loss of Property 


3 months 


The Court 


4 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Hereditary. 


120 


" 


16 


56 


Male 


Married 


Loss of Property 


7 years 


The Court 


15 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




121 


ii 


24 


39 


Female 


Single 


Family Trouble 


10 years 


The Friends 


6 months 


Discharged 


Improved 


Hereditary. 


122 


n 


27 


40 


Male 


Married 


Intemperance 


4 months 


The Court 


6 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Periodical and Hereditary. 


123 


Sept. 


7 


23 


Male 


Single 


Use of Tobacco 


9 months 


The Friends 


3 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Hereditary. 


124 


" 


11 


60 


Female 


Married 


Intemperance 


5 years 


The Town 


3 months 


Discharged 


Improved * 




126 


" 


i5 


27 


Male 


Married 


Followed Fever 


2 weeks 


The Friends 


10 weeks 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Hereditary. 


127 


Oct. 


1 


60 


Female 


Married 


Excessive Use of Snuff 


3 months 


The Court 


7 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Relapsed. 


128 


K 


1 


50 Female 


Single 


Intemperance 


1 week 


The Friends 


10 weeks 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Hereditary and Periodical. 


129 


" 


6 


32 ' Male 


Single 


Fanaticism 


2 years 


The Friends 


7 months 


Discharged 


Stationary 




130 


" 


7 


3C; Female 


Single 


Unknown 


1 week 


The Friends 


6 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Hereditary and Periodical. 


131 


" 


12 


60 Female 


Widow 


Excessive Use of Snuff 


6 months 


The Friends 


3 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Periodical. 


138 


" 


13 


23 


Male 


Single 


Followed Fever 


7 years 


The Court 


13 months 


Remains 


Improved 





1835. 



SENATE— No. 17. 



No. 



Time of 

Admission. 



Age. 



133 

134 j 

135 ' 

136 ; 

137 | 
138 
139 
140 
141 
142 
143 
144 
145 
146 
147 
148 

149 

150 
151 
152 
153 
154 
155 
156 
157 
158 
159 
160 
161 
162 
163 
164 
165 
166 
167 
168 
169 
170 
171 
172 
173 
174 
175 
176 
177 
178 
179 
180 
181 
182 
183 



Oct. 

II 

Nov. 



19 
21 
4 



u 


4 


a 


6 


« 


7 


II 


7 


« 


12 


II 


13 


II 


13 


11 


13 


a 


15 


" 


17 


a 


17 


" 


20 


" 


20 


t( 


20 


ii 


20 


" 


26 


" 


26 


ii 


28 


Dec. 


5 


If 


5 


" 


6 


" 


6 


ii 


7 


ii 


7 


ii 


9 


ii 


7 


" 


16 


" 


21 


u 


31 


Jan. 


2, '34 


ii 


6 


ii 


7 


u 


13 


(t 


14 


(t 


15 


II 


25 


« 


29 


Feb. 


3 


" 


5 


" 


6 


ii 


10 


" 


14 


it 


21 


ii 


22 


March 4 


" 


6 


ii 


6 


" 


8 



Married or 
Single. 



Supposed Cause. 



Female 
Male 
Male 
Female 
Male 
Male 
Female 
Female 
Male 
Male 
Male 
Female 
Male 
Male 
Male 
Male 
Female 
Female 
Female 
Female 
Male 
Female 
Female 
Female 
Male 
Male 
Female 
Male 
Female 
Male 
Female 
Male 
Male 
Male 
Female 
Female 
Male 
Male 
Male 
Female 
Male 
Male 
Female 
Male 
Mai- 
Male 
Male 
Male 
Male 
Female 
Male 



Married 
Married 

Married 

Single 

Widower 

Single 

Single 

Married 

Married 

Married 

Married 

Widow 

Married 

Married 

Single 

Single 

Married 

Single 

Single 

Single 

Married 

Single 

Single 

Married 

Single 

Married 

Single 

Married 

Single 

Single 

Single 

Married 

Single 

Single 

Single 

Single 

Married 

Single 

Single 

Married 

Widower 

Single 

Single 

Single 

Single 

Single 

Married 

Married 

Married 

Single 

Married 



Followed Fever 

Intemperance 

Family Trouble 

111 Health 

Fear of Poverty 

Disappointed Affection 

Enthusiasm 

Family Trouble 

Unknown 

Dread of Future Punishment 

III Health 

Anxiety for a Sick Child 

Family Trouble 

Intemperance 

Intemperance 

Masturbation 

Abuse of Husband 

Disappointed Affection 

Family Trouble 

Repelled Eruption 

Fear of Poverty 

III Health 

III Health 

Fanaticism 

Intemperance 

Fanaticism 

Nymphomania 

Intemperance 

Injury on the Head 

Unknown 

Loss of Property 

Family Trouble 

Pecuniary Embarrassment 

Intemperance 

Followed Fever 

111 Health 

Pecuniary Embarrassment 

Fanaticism 

Loss of Property 

Solicitude for a Sick Son 

Unknown 

Anxiety about Property 

Unknown 

Disappointed Affection 

Disappointed Affection 

Abuse of Master 

Fear of Poverty 

Intemperance 

Family Trouble 

Grief at the loss of Friends 

Intemperance 



Duration before 
Admission. 



2 years 
4 weeks 

2 months 

3 months 
30 years 
32 years 

2 months 

2 months 

1 week 

3 weeks 

2 years 

8 months 

2 months 

4 years 

3 years 
18 months 

2 months 

3 months 
21 years 

1 month 
8 months 

3 months 

2 years 
2 weeks 

4 months 
14 months 
14 months 

2 years 

3 months 
10 years 

3 months 

3 months 

1 year 

2 months 
6 years 

2 years 

1 week 

2 years 
1 week 

4 months 
30 years 

3 months 

4 years 

10 years 
20 years 

3 months 
1 year 

1 1 years 

6 mouths 
13 months 
Unknown 



By whom committed 



The Court 
The Town 
The Town 
The Friends 
The Friends 
The Friends 
The Friends 
The Court 
The Friends 
The Friends 
The Friends 
The Court 
The Friends 
The Friends 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Town 
The Court 
The Friends 
The Friends 
The Town 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Friends 
The Friends 
The Court 
The Court 
The Town 
The Friends 
The Town 
The Court 
The Town 
The Friends 
The Friends 
The Friends 
The Court 
The Court 
The Court 
The Friends 
The Court 
The Town 
The Court 
The Court 
The Friends 
The Court 
The Friends 
The Friends 
The Court 



Time spent in 
the Hospital. 



13 months 

3 months 

5 months 

6 months 
13 months 

5 months 

4 months 

7 months 

2 months 

3 weeks 
9 months 
1 month 

1 month 
12 months 
12 months 
12 months 

5 months 

10 months 
9 months 
5 months 

2 months 

4 months 

5 months 

3 months 
5 months 

12 months 
12 months 

2 months 

3 months 

11 months 

3 months 

5 weeks 

4 months 
11 months 

6 months 

7 months 

6 months 

5 months 

7 months 

10 months 

11 months 

1 week 
10 months 
10 months 

9 months 

6 months 

2 months 
9 months 
4 months 
2 months 

8 months 



Discharged or 
Remains. 



Remains 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Remains 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Died 

Died 

Discharged 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Died 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Remains 

Remains 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Remains 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Remains 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Died 

Discharged 

Remains 

Remains 

Discharged 

Remains 

Remains 

Remains 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Remains 

Discharged 

Discharged 

Discharged 



In what State. 



Improved 
Recovered 
Recovered 
Unproved 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Recovered 
Recovered 
Stationary 
Improved 
Stationary 
Recovered 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Stationary 
Recovered 

Stationary 

Recovered 

Rec. of Insanity. 

Recovered 

Recovered 

Recovered 

Recovered 

Improved 

Stationary 

Improved 

Recovered 

Stationary 

Improved 

Improved 

Improved 

Improved 

Stationary 

Improved 

Recovered 

Stationary 

Recovered 

Improved 

Stationary 

Soon Recovered 

Stationary 

Improved 

Stationary 

Recovered 

Recovered 

Unproved 

Recovered 

Recovered 

Recovered 



Hereditary, Periodical, or 
Paroxismal, with Remarks. 



Hereditary and Periodical. 

Periodical. 

Hereditary. 

Hereditary. 

Idiotic. 



Periodical. 



Marasmus. 
Suicide. 
Hereditary. 
Paroxismal. 



Health Improved. 



Hereditary. 
Periodical. 
Periodical. 
Periodical. 

Periodical and Hereditary. 



Hereditary and Periodical. 



Health Improved. 
Hereditary and Periodical. 
Suicide. 
Periodical. 

Hereditary. 
Hereditary. 
Hereditary. 

Periodical. 
Periodical 8 years. 
Hered., lOyrs. Periodical. 
Health Improved. 
Hereditary and Periodical. 

Paroxismal. 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



Jan 



No. 


Time of 

Admission. 


\gc. 


Sex. 


Married or 
Single. 


Supposed Cause. 


Duration before 
Admission. 


By whom committed. 


Time spent in 
the Hospital. 


Discharged or 
Remains. 


In what Stale. 


Hereditary, Periodical, or 
Paroxismal, with Remarks. 


184 


March 12 


50 


Female 


Widow 


Fear of Poverty 


1 month 


The Friends 


3 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Hereditary and Periodical. 
Hereditary & Paroxismal. 
Paroxismal. 


185 


it 


13 


26 


Female 


Married 


III Health 


5 years 


The Court 


3 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


186 


ii 


15 


45 


Female 


Married 


Grief at the loss of a Child 


2 months 


The Court 


7 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


187 


u 


16 


39 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


1 week 


The Court 


2 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




188 


u 


17 


46 


Female 


Married 


Drying old Ulcers 


4 weeks 


The Friends 


4 weeks 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Periodical. 


189 


u 


18 


49 


Female 


Single 


Loss of Property 


4 weeks 


The Court 


4 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




190 


u 


22 


40 


Male 


Married 


Jealousy 


3 years 


The Court 


8 months 


Remains 


Improved 


Paroxismal. 


191 


it 


26 


32 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


4 weeks 


The Court 


7 mouths 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Hereditary and Periodical. 


192 


u 


29 


80 


Male 


Married 


Intemperance 


5 years 


The Court 


8 months 


Remams 


Stationary 


Hereditary. 


193 


April 


5 


43 


Male 


Married 


Intemperance 


4 months 


The Court 


3 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Epileptic. 


194 


ti 


5 


33 


Male 


Married 


Loss of Property 


18 months 


The Court 


7 months 


Remains 


Improved 


Hereditary. 


195 


it 


8 


31 


Female 


Single 


III Health 


5 years 


The Friends 


7 months 


Remains 


Improved 




196 


u 


9 


50 


Female 


Single 


111 Health 


3 weeks 


The Fiiends 


1 month 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Periodical. 


197 


u 


10 


23 


Male 


Single 


Satyriasis 


2 months 


The Court 


7 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




198 


u 


14 


42 


Male 


Married 


Repelled Eruption 


5 years 


The Friends 


3 months 


Discharged 


Improved 


Periodical. 


199 


ti 


14 


44 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


2 weeks 


The Town 


6 days 


Died 


Mania a PotU 




200 


it 


16 


22 


Female 


Single 


III Health 


7 months 


The Friends 


6 months 


Discharged 


Stationary 




201 


u 


17 


45 


Male 


Widower 


Intemperance 


12 years 


The Court 


3 months 


Discharged 


Improved 




202 


a 


21 


62 


Female 


Married 


III Health 


3 years 


The Friends 


3 months 


Discharged 


Improved 




203 


it 


22 


22 


Female 


Single 


Family Trouble 


6 years 


The Court 


6 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




204 


it 


23 


29 


Male 


Single 


Fanaticism 


4 weeks 


The Friends 


2 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




205 


ti 


26 


19 


Female 


Single 


III Health 


4 months 


The Friends 


6 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




206 


it 


26 


35 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


6 years 


The Court 


7 Months 


Remains 


Stationery 


Paroxismal. 


207 


it t 


26 


30 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


Unknown 


The Court 


7 months 


Remains 


Improved 


Paroxismal. 


208 


it 


30 


47 


Male 


Married 


Fanaticism 


4 weeks 


The Friends 


3 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




209 


it 


30 


29 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


6 years 


The Court 


7 mouths 


Remains 


Improved 


Health Improved. 


210 


May 


7 


23 


Female 


Married 


Puerperal 


4 months 


The Court 


6 months 


Discharged 


Stationary 




211 


u 


10 


12 


Male 


Single 


From Birth 


From Birth 


The Court 


6 months 


Discharged 


Stationary 




212 


it 


12 


48 


Female 


Widow 


Unknown 


10 months 


The Court 


6 months 


Remains 


Improved 


Periodical. 


21.5 


it 


19 


25 


Male 


Single 


Followed Fever 


2 years 


The Court 


6 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




214 


« 


21 


56 


Female 


Widow 


Intemperance 


2 months 


The Court 


5 tiays 


Died 


Mania a Potu 




215 


June 


4 


19 


Female 


Single 


Parental Indulgence 


4 years 


The Town 


4 months 


Discharged 


Improved 




216 


it 


6 


42 


Male 


Married 


Intemperance 


1 week 


The Friends 


3 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Periodical. 


217 


u 


6 


40 


Female 


Married 


Abuse from Husband 


3 months 


The Friends 


6 weeks 


Discharged 


Recovered 




218 


tt 


8 


22 


Male 


Single 


Masturbation 


18 months 


The Friends 


9 weeks 


Discharged 


Improving 




219 


tc 


9 


28 


Female 


Married 


Unknown 


1 year 


The Fiiends 


3 months 


Discharged 


Improved 




220 


It 


10 


42 


Male 


Married 


Intemperance 


2 weeks 


The Town 


1 month 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Periodical. 


221 


11 


14 


20 


Female 


Married 


Puerperal 


5 months 


The Friends 


1 month 


Discharged 


Recovered 




222 


11 


21 


67 


Male 


Married 


Intemperance 


5 weeks 


The Court 


5 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




223 


tt 


21 


40 


Female 


Single 


Family Trouble 


10 years 


The Court 


5 months 


Remains 


Stationary 


Paroxismal & Hereditary. 


224 


" 


26 


40 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


18 months 


The Court 


9 weeks 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Periodical. 


225 


tt 


27 


39 


Male 


Married 


Intemperance 


6 months 


The Court 


4 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




226 


July 


2 


43 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


3 weeks 


The Court 


2 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Periodical. 


227 


it 


3 


27 


Female 


Single 


III Health 


3 months 


The Friends 


5 months 


Remains 


Improved 




2-28 


ii 


4 


33 


Male 


Single 


Fanaticism 


3 years 


The Friends 


5 months 


Remains 


Improved 




229 


u 


5 


31 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


Unknown 


The Court 


5 months 


Remains 


Stationary 


Periodical. 


230 


it 


8 


61 


Female 


Single 


Excessive use of Snuff 


3 weeks 


The Town 


2 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Periodical. 


231 


" 


17 


40 


Male 


Single 


j Unknown 


Unknown 


The Court 


4 months 


Remains 


Idiotic 




232 


« 


18 


37 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


2 years 


The Friends 


11 weeks 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Hereditary. 


233 


tc 


18 


32 


Female 


Married 


Fanaticism 


2 months 


The Friends 


4 months 


Remains 


Improved 




234 


" 


21 


20 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


6 months 


The Friends 


3 months 


Discharged 


Improved 





1835. 



SENATE— No. 17. 



No. 


Time of 


Age. 


Sex. 


Married or 


Supposed Cause. 


Duration before 


By whom committed. 


Time spent in 


Discharged or 


In what Slate. 


Hereditary, Periodical, or 




Aclmis 


sion. 






Single. 




Admission. 




the Hospital. 


Remains. 




Paroxismal, with Remarks. 


235 


July 


22 


52 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


Unknown 


The Court 


4 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




836 


" 


30 


19 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


4 months 


The Friends 


2 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Periodical 


237 


Aug. 


6 


25 


Female 


Single 


III Health 


3 months 


The Friends 


10 weeks 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Paroxismal & Periodical. 


238 




8 


47 


Female 


Widow 


Family Trouble 


4 years 


The Court 


4 months 


Remains 


Improved 




239 


(i 


11 


17 


Female 


Single 


Anxiety upon Marriage 


1 year 


The Friends 


3 months 


Remains 


Improved 


Hereditary. 


240 


» 


11 


34 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


9 months 


The Court 


3 months 


Remains 


Improved 




241 


u 


20 


38 


Female 


Married 


Unknown 


10 years 


The Court 


3 months 


Remains 


Stationary 


Hereditary. 


242 


u 


21 


29 


Female 


Single 


Struck by Lightning 


5 weeks 


The Friends 


3 months 


Remains 


Improved 


Periodical. 


243 


t( 


23 


30 


Male 


Single 


Hard Labor 


2 months 


The Friends 


3 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Periodical and Hereditary. 


244 " 


28 


19 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


12 months 


The Friends 


3 months 


Retnains 


Improved 


Hereditary &. Paroxismal. 


245 Sept. 


3 


36 


Male 


Single 


Epilepsy 


2 months 


The Friends 


3 months 


Remains 


Stationary 


Epileptic. 


246 " 


9 


46 


Female 


Married 


Drying of old Ulcers 


5 weeks 


The Friends 


5 weeks 


Discharged 


Recovered 


Periodical and Hereditary. 


247 


" 


11 


32 


Female 


Single 


III Health 


8 years 


The Friends 


2 months 


Remains 


Stationary 


Paroxismal & Hereditary. 


248 


u 


11 


32 


Female 


Single 


III Health 


10 years 


The Friends 


2 months 


Remains 


Stationary 


Paroxismal & Hereditary. 


249 


« 


14 


39 


Female 


Married 


Puerperal 


6 months 


The Friends 


2 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




250 


11 


16 


42 


Male 


Married 


Repelled Eruption 


5 years 


The Friends 


2 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




251 


l< 


16 


32 


Female 


Married 


Puerperal 


7 weeks 


The Court 


2 months 


Discharged 


Recovered 




252 


" 


19 


30 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


Unknown 


The Court 


2 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




253 


" 


26 


35 


Male 


Married 


Unhappy Marriage 


10 years 


The Court 


2 months 


Remains 


Stationary 




254 


" 


26 


32 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


4 months 


The Court 


2 months 


Remains 


Improved 


Periodical. 


255 


" 


26 


40 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


6 months 


The Court 


2 months 


Remains 


Improved 




256 


« 


26 


25 


Female 


Single 


Death of her Mother 


4 months 


The Friends 


2 months 


Remains 


Improved 


Hereditary. 


257 


Oct. 


7 


19 


Female 


Single 


Loss of a Brother 


4 months 


The Town 


2 months 


Remains 


Improved 




258 


" 


7 


25 


Female 


Single 


Disappointed Affection 


3 months 


The Town 


2 months 


Remains 


Improved 




259 


it 


7 


18 


Female 


Single 


Intemperance 


3 months 


The Town 


2 months 


Renmins 


Improved 




260 


it 


9 


37 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


6 years 


The Court 


6 weeks 


Remains 


Stationary 


Hereditary. 


261 


ti 


11 


40 


Female 


Single 


Unknown 


6 months 


The Friends 


6 weeks 


Remains 


Improved 


Hereditary and Periodical. 


262 


« 


22 


30 


Female 


Single 


III Health 


5 weeks 


The Friends 


5 weeks 


Remains 


Improved 


Hereditary. 


263 


it 


31 


24 


Male 


Single 


Anxiety on the subject of Property 


2 weeks 


The Court 


4 weeks 


Remains 


Improved 


Periodical. 


264 


Nov. 


4 


35 


Male 


Single 


Unknown 


Unknown 


The Court 


4 weeks 


Remains 


Improved 




265 


ii 


14 


45 


Male 


Married 


Apoplexy 


3 months 


The Friends 


2 weeks 


Remains 


Stationary 




266 


« 


14 


44 


Male 


Married 


Lightning 


3 weeks 


The Friends 


2 weeks 


Remains 


Stationary 


Periodical. 


267 


ic 


20 


52 


Male 


Widower 


Intemperance 


3 weeks 


The Court 


10 days 


Remains 


Stationary 


Periodical and Hereditary. 


268 


t( 


21 


28 


Female 


Married 


Puerperal 


5 weeks 


The Town 


9 days 


Remains 


Stationary 


Hereditary. 


269 


[C 


21 


25 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


Unknown 


The Court 


9 days 


Retnains 


Stationary 




270 


(( 


21 


33 


Male 


Single 


Intemperance 


Unknown 


The Court 


9 days 


Remains 


Stationary 




271 


» 


25 


50 


Female 


Married 


111 Health 


2 weeks 


The Friends 


5 days 


Retnains 


Stationary 


Hereditary and Periodical. 


272 


(I 


27 


22 


Male 


Married 


Loss of Property 


2 months 


The Court 


3 days 


Remains 


Stationary 


Periodical. 



Summary, November 30, 1834. — The Second Report of the State Lunatic Hospital. 



Whole number of pa- 
tients admitted, 



Males, 


165 


Recent case 


Females, 


107—272 


Discharged, 
Died, 


Recent, 


117 


Eloped, 


Old 


155—272 





By the Court, 163 

By Friends 109—272 

Whole number dischar- 



Remained in the 
Hospital at the 
end of the year, 
Nov. 30th, 1833, 114 

Old cases, 85 

Recent cases, 29 — 114 



Admitted into the Hospital the last 
year, ending November 30, 1834. 
Old cases, 55 

64—119 



106 
8 
1-115 



Present number in the Hospital. 
Old cases, 96 

Recent cases, 22 — 118 



Males, 
154 Females, 



79 
39-118 



Average number for the year, 117 
Proportion of Deaths, 1 of 14| 
Per cent, of Deaths, 6 ; 



Discharged during the 

last year. 
Recent cases, 66 
Old cases, 49—115 

Of the cases discharg- 
ed there have been 
Recovered, 64 
Improved, 22 
Stationary, 16 
Idiotic, 4 

Died, 8 

Eloped, 1—115 

Of the old cases dis- 
charged, 

Recovered, 10 

Improved, 16 

Stationary, 14 

Idiotic, 4 

Died, 4 

Eloped, 1 49 



Of the recent cases 

discharged. 
Recovered, 54 
Improved, 6 
Stationary, 2 
Died, 4 — 66 

Recovered of all the 
cases discharged 55| 
per cent. 

Recovered of all the 
old cases discharg- 
ed, 20i per cent. 

Recovered of all the 
recent casesdischar- 
ged 82^ per cent. 

Present number in the 

Hospital. 
Recent cases, 00 
Improved, 13 

Stationary, 9 22 

Old cases. 
Improved, 30 
Stationary, 62 
Idiots, " 4—118 



Foreigners. 

Irish, 17 
West Indian, 1 

Canadian, 1 

Welch, 1 

Scotch, 1 

Russian, 1 

Belgian, 1 

French, 1 

German, 1 

25 

Names of other 

States. 
Virginia, 1 

Connecticut, 2 
N. Hampshire, 2 
Rhode Island, 1 
Vermont, 1 



Foreigners, 32 
Citizens, 86 

118 



Ages. 

Under 20 6 

Between 20 and 30—23 

" 30 and 40—44 

" 40 and 50—28 

" 50 and 60—09 

" 60 and 70—06 

Over 70 2 

118 

Duration of Insanity. 

Less than 1 year, 22 

From 1 to 5 25 

« 5 to 10 24 

« 10 to 20 24 

" 20 to 30 5 

Over 30 2 

Unknown, 16 



Town Paupers, 
State Paupers, 



118 



Admitted and Discharged. 


Months. 


Adm. 


Disch'd. 


December, 


11 


11 


January, 


8 


6 


February, 


7 


9 


March, 


13 


6 


April, 


17 


17 


May, 


5 


12 


June, 


11 


7 


July, 


11 


11 


August, 


8 


12 


September, 


12 


5 


October, 


7 


11 


November, 


9 


8 




119 


115 


Applications reject- 


ed during the last 


5 months, 46 




Admitted, 47 


—93 



Respectfully submitted, 

SAMUEL B. WOODWARD. 



1835. 



SENATE— No. 16. 



21 



Names of the Trustees, Officers, and persons employed 
at the State Lunatic Hospital, November 80, 1834. 



WILLIAM B. CALHOUN, of Springfield, 
ALFRED D. FOSTER, of Worcester, 
FRANCIS C. GRAY, of Boston, 
THOMAS KINNICUTT, of Worcester, 
THOMAS A. GREENE, of New Bedford, 
SAMUEL B. WOODWARD, 
CHARLES P. HITCHCOCK, 
MRS. SOPHIA HITCHCOCK, 

GEORGE CHANDLER, 

ROBERT BARNBY, 
SALMON M. DICKENSON, 
SAMUEL COLBY, 
LYDIA COLBY, 
DANIEL BLACKMER, 
NATHAN BLISS, 
WM. E. DRURY, 
SAMUEL RICE, 
ELIZA M. RICE, 
NATHAN PARKHURST, 
LYDIA PARKHURST, 
CYRUS LOVELL, 
LUCY ANN BASCOM, 
MELINDA HOOKER, 
SUSAN HOUGHTON, 
ALMIRA NEWTON, 
SARAH HEYWOOD, 
LUCY LOVELAND, 
ABIGAIL M. CONVERSE, 
HANNAH W. HOLMAN, 
CATHARINE RAINES, 
WILLIAM JOHNSON, 
LUCY GIBBS, 
4 



Trustees. 



Superintendent. 

Steward. 

Matron. 

Assistant Physician, 

and Apothecary. 

Attendant. 
Kitchen Laborer. 
Attendant. 
Housekeeper. 
Attendant. 

do. 

do. 
Laborer. 
Attendant. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 

do. 
Table Girl. 
Cook. 

Chambermaid. 
Tailoress. 
Cook. 
Ironer. 

Washerwoman. 
Watchman. 
Cook. 



22 - STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. Jan 



The Committee of the Trustees of the State Lunatic 
Hospital, who were appointed to consider the subject 
of additional accommodations for the Hospital, make 
the following Report : 

The subject referred to the Committee obviously di- 
vides itself into two parts. First : The considerations 
which show the necessity of additional accommodations ; 
and secondly, the expense of procuring them. 

The intention of the Legislature in establishing this 
Institution was to afford the means of recovery to the in- 
sane of this Commonwealth who are susceptible of cure 
by remedial treatment, as well as to furnish an asylum 
for all those who are incurable, and so furiously mad as to 
be dangerous to go at large. In order to carry into full 
effect this intention, it is necessary that sufficient accom- 
modations be provided for both these classes of patients. 
It is particularly desirable that all recent cases of insani- 
ty should receive remedial treatment as soon after the 
attack as possible. It is the opinion of the Superintend- 
ent of the Hospital that the chance of recovery is dimin- 
ished one half by delaying the means of cure six months, 
and almost in a geometrical ratio afterwards. But one 
individual admitted into the Hospital as a recent case re- 
mains with a probability of settling into hopeless insani- 
ty ; and even this case can hardly yet be classed with the 
incurable. By affording the means of early relief, it is 
believed that a small proportion of recent cases will be- 
come incurable ; although, from the public character of 
this Institution, the proportion of this class will always be 
larger in it than in others. 



1835. SENATE— No. 16. 23 

The present accommodations of the Hospital, are by 
no means large enough for both of these classes of pa- 
tients. Between the first of July and the last of Decem- 
ber, 1834, a period of six months only, it appears from 
the records of the Institution, that there were one hun- 
dred and twelve applications for admission, of which 
number fifty six only were received, and fifty six were 
rejected for want of room. From the first to the six- 
teenth of January, 1835, there have been fourteen ap- 
plications for admission, and only four of whom have 
been received for the same reason. In other cases still, 
it is known that application has not been made for ad- 
mission, because the crowded state of the Hospital was 
known. 

By the report of a committee of the Legislature of 
this Commonwealth, made Feb. 13th, 1830, it appears 
that there were then in one hundred and fourteen towns 
of the Commonwealth, comprising less than half the pop- 
ulation of the State, two hundred and ninety eight luna- 
tics. In 1832, the Legislature of this State appointed 
Commissioners to report upon the pauper system of the 
Commonwealth. By their report, made in 1833, it ap- 
pears that in towns containing 264,327 inhabitants there 
were one hundred and sixty eight insane poor. It has 
also been estimated that throughout New England, the 
proportion of the insane to the whole population, is as one 
to a thousand. We may therefore, after making all due 
allowance for over estimates, compute the number of in- 
sane persons in this Commonwealth, at least at five hun- 
dred. Of this number, this Institution will now accom- 
modate but one hundred and nineteen — and that at 
Charlestown but ninety, making but two hundred and 
nine in all. 



24 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. Jan 

The success of this institution in restoring the insane, 
having become generally known throughout the Com- 
monwealth, much solicitude has been manifested by the 
friends of this unfortunate class of our fellow beings, 
to obtain for them a participation in the advantages it 
affords, and great disappointment and regret have uni- 
formly been expressed where those advantages have 
been denied them. 

From these several considerations it is not to be pre- 
sumed that the average applications for admission to 
the Hospital will diminish. 

By the laws regulating the Hospital, all persons com- 
mitted by the courts must be received — there is no pow- 
er of refusal lodged in the Trustees. The consequence 
has been, that during the whole of the month of Decem- 
ber there was in the Hospital five more patients than 
rooms for their reception — and that number, for that 
length of time, were lodged in the halls of the establish- 
ment. If therefore, additional accommodations be not 
provided, the law must be altered in such a manner as 
to authorize the officers of the institution to refuse cases 
of commitment, when all the apartments are full. 

These facts and considerations, show sufficiently, as 
your Committee think, the necessity of some addition 
to the present establishment. 

The most advisable form of addition, in the opinion of 
the Committee, is a separate building for the class of 
incurable cases. The public character of the institu- 
tion throws it open to all pauper lunatics, to all those 
acquitted of crime on account of insanity, and to all who 
are so " furiously mad as to be dangerous to go at 
large." The class of incurables will therefore always 



1835. SENATE— No. 16. 25 

be large. It already amounts to about sixty, and will 
necessarily increase for some time to come. 

By having a separate building for this class, the pres- 
ent edifice could be used exclusively for the treatment 
of recent cases, thus affording the latter a much better 
chance for recovery than they can have when confined 
in the same galleries with the violent and incurable. In 
the present state of the Hospital, a suitable classifi- 
cation of the patients cannot be made — the quiet and 
convalescing are obliged to associate, in a greater or less 
degree, with the noisy and excited, and are thus subject- 
ed to the dangerous influences of their society. At pre- 
sent, owing to the greater number of males than fe- 
males, but two galleries are appropriated to the lat- 
ter, thus throwing all female cases into two classes, a 
circumstance which, in the opinion of the superintendent, 
greatly retards their recovery. Should no addition be 
made, that portion of the females, who are private pa- 
tients, must be discharged to make room for those males 
who shall be committed by the courts, the number of 
female private patients being now fourteen and that of 
the males but seven. This will subject all the female pa- 
tients, with the exception of those confined in the Afri- 
can lodge, to one classification, or rather leave them 
without classification in a single gallery ; an arrangement 
which must almost preclude the hope of cure. 

Again, it is desirable that incurable patients, who 
must remain at the Hospital for a great length of time, 
and who, of course, must be subjected, or subject those 
who are bound to support them, to great expense, should 
be maintained at the Hospital as cheaply as possible. 
Under the present arrangement, it is extremely difficult 
to make any distinction in diet or other treatment, be- 



26 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL Jan 

tween the curable and the incurable cases, both mingling 
and lodging in the same galleries, and eating at the 
same tables — therefore no di0erence has been, or can 
well be made in the charge for their board. In a sepa- 
rate establishment this might be done. Incurable pa- 
tients require but little medical treatment, no nursing 
and no selection of diet; all they require is good sub- 
stantial food and comfortable apartments. 

The proposed additional department could be attend- 
ed to, without inconvenience, by the present officers of the 
Hospital. Double the present number of patients could 
be well taken care of by adding one fourth to the pre- 
sent number of cooks, washers and attendants. It is 
believed therefore, that this class of patients, confined 
and treated in a separate building, can be well attended 
and supported at a rate considerably less than the pres- 
ent charge for board, which is two dollars and fifty cents 
per week. 

These considerations have influenced your Commit- 
tee to recommend the addition of a separate building, 
constructed and arranged for the accommodation of in- 
curable patients. 

Thus we are brought to the second branch of the 
subject, the expense of such an addition. After much 
consideration, the Committee have arrived at the con- 
clusion that a building, affording accommodations for less 
than one hundred patients, would not meet the necessi- 
ties of the institution, or the intention of the Legislature 
in establishing it. It should be extensive enough to con- 
tain all the incurables, who may be expected to remain 
at the Hospital, in order to have the present edifice en- 
tirely free for the treatment of patients susceptible of 
improvement, or cure, for which purpose it is by no 



1835. SENATE— No. 16. 27 

means too large. As the incurable class already amounts 
to sixty, and as it will undoubtedly for some time increase, 
particularly when the charge for board shall be material- 
ly reduced, there can be little question that, before a 
great while, it will amount to an hundred. The Com- 
mittee have obtained a plan and estimate of a building 
calculated to contain one hundred and two apartments 
for patients, arranged in halls, and eight solitary lodges 
or cells. The general outlines of the building, together 
with its internal arrangement, will be seen by the draw- 
ings herewith submitted. 

The estimates have been made for a building of brick, 
similar in workmanship to the present edifice, in regard 
to all its substantial portions. All the partitions, from the 
cellar to the attic, are calculated to be of brick. The win- 
dow sashes of cast iron, and the roof covered with zinc. 
It is intended, however, to be finished in a plainer manner. 
The foundation is of unhewn granite, and the interior wood 
work perfectly plain, strength and durability being prin- 
cipally consulted. A building, of this size and character, 
can be erected for the sum of eighteen thousand dollars. 
The person who furnished the plan and estimates is an 
experienced architect, the same who superintended the 
erection of the present building. He was requested to 
give such estimates as he would be willing to contract to 
build by, and has done so. There can be but little 
doubt therefore that they are high enough. In addition 
to the expense of the building, it is estimated that the 
furniture, apparatus, &c, necessary to put it into complete 
preparation for use, will cost seven thousand dollars 
more, making an aggregate of twenty five thousand dol- 
lars for the outlay. 

Should it be suggested that a cheaper building might 



28 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. Jan 

answer the purpose, it should be remembered that cases 
of insanity are often violent and dangerous — the build- 
ing must therefore be strong, with separate apartments 
for the patients — it must be thoroughly warmed in win- 
ter, and well ventilated at all times. There must be 
rooms for attendants, cooking establishments, provision 
for water, &c. These all involve expense. A Hospital 
for the insane cannot be cheaply built and properly an- 
swer its purpose. 

Should it be urged that a building for the present exi- 
gency might be erected, and additions made to it as oc- 
casion may require, the answer is, that the rooms for at- 
tendants, cooking, dining, &c, must have an appropriate 
location, and bear a proportion, in number and size, to 
the number of patients to be provided for. If other 
rooms for patients are afterwards added, the proportion 
is lost, aud the establishment becomes inconvenient, or 
inadequate for the use designed. Moreover, the ex- 
pense of erecting a building at two different times, to 
contain one hundred patients, will be one quarter more 
than the cost of erecting the whole at once. 

Such briefly are the views which have suggested 
themselves to your Committee upon the subject referred 
to them. They cannot more strongly express their 
sense of the necessity of additional accommodations than 
they have done by stating the facts contained in this re- 
port. If any charitable institution deserves the patron- 
age of a humane and enlightened government, that cer- 
tainly does whose object is to restore to light and order 
the darkened and chaotic intellect ; to restore to society, 
to usefulness, and the enjoyments of life, the victims of 
madness and despair. Believing that the claims of such 
an institution, which has already given evidence of its 



1835. SENATE— No. 16. 29 

success in accomplishing the object of its establishment, 
will receive favorable attention from the Legislature, 
when they are fairly and fully presented to it. Your 
Committee recommend that application be made at the 
present session of the General Court, for such aid as may 
be necessary to procure the additional accommodations 
recommended in this report. 

All which is respectfully submitted. 

THOMAS KINNICUTT. 
A. D. FOSTER. 

January 21, 1835. 



30 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. Jan. 1835. 



At a meeting of the Board of Trustees of the State 
Lunatic Hospital, held in Boston, January 21, 1835, the 
Committee appointed at the meeting of the Board held 
at Worcester, December 10, 1834, to consider and re- 
port on the subject of a new building for the accommoda- 
tion of the incurable class of patients at said Hospital, 
made their report, which was accepted ; whereupon it 



was 



Voted, That the same be adopted as supplementary to 
the Annual Report of the Trustees of the Hospital, and 
presented, with the accompanying drawings, to the Gov- 
ernor, that he may, if he thinks best, present the same to 
the favorable consideration of the Legislature. 

Attest. A. D. FOSTER, Secretary, 



/