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SENATE No. 1. 

TWENTIETH 

ANNUAL REPORT 



THE TRUSTEES 

OF THE 

STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL, 



AT WORCESTER. 



DECEMBER, 1852. 



BOSTON: 

WHITE & POTTER, PRINTERS TO THE STATE. 

1853. 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



TRUSTEES OF THE STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



DECEMBER, 1852. 



To his Excellency the Governor and Honorable Council: 

The Trustees of the Massachusetts State Lunatic Hospital 
have the honor to submit, in compliance with law, their " An- 
nual Report of the Condition of the Hospital and its Concerns." 

It is no less agreeable than proper that those who engage in 
the administration of this bounteous charity of Massachusetts 
to so important a class of her unfortunate children, should en- 
deavor to convey to your Excellency, and through you to the 
Legislature and people, the lively sense they must necessarily 
feel of its inestimable value. From its first foundation the 
institution has been, under God, to the sorely stricken class for 
whom it was intended, a fountain of mercy of whose con- 
stancy and copiousness of flow the people who founded the 
charity are not yet fully apprised. 

The whole number of patients that have entered within its 
walls, and received its treatment for mental disease, is 4,170. 
Of this number it has restored to mental health, 1,905. It has 
improved others of this number, 525. The condition of the 
rest of these patiehts whose ills were incurable, has been greatly 
ameliorated. 



4 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

The whole number discharged from the hospital, restored, 
improved, or incurable, is 3,638. Of those who have left, 2,430, 
or two-thirds of the whole number, have left restored to sane 
minds or in an improved state. 

During its existence, the institution has received, at the 
hands of friends, courts, and overseers of the poor, a yearly 
average of patients to the number of 220. The average annual 
whole number of patients that it has administered to is 494. 
It has restored to health and to rejoicing friends, an annual 
average of patients, 100. It has discharged, entirely recov- 
ered or greatly improved, an average yearly of 128. It has 
restored entirely to mental health 55 per cent, of all the pa- 
tients it has discharged. 

These statements, while they are but an index to the real 
history of the institution, (to be found in previous annual re- 
ports,) are sufficient to fill the breasts of the people of this 
Commonwealth with the most complacent satisfaction in view 
of the noble effort they made to found it, and to compensate 
them for the continued munificence with which they have sus- 
tained, enlarged, and improved it, to meet the wants of the 
State. The hospital is unquestionably now fulfilling the 
heavenly mission the pedple had in view, when, commiserating 
the lot of those suffering the severest of all afflictions, " the 
mind diseased," " touched with a feeling of their infirmity," 
and moved with a compassion almost divine, they resolved to 
found an asylum for the retreat, solace, care, and cure of the 
insane. But there is a portion of the field of its operations 
that statistics cannot disclose, nor written history ever reach. 

No man can form a just estimate of the extent of relief that 
an enlightened, systematic treatment, administered by the gen- 
tle but firm hand of a large, well ordered institution, extends to 
the mental, moral, and physical suffering of the lunatic him- 
self, to the distressing anxieties of friends and relations, and to 
the sensibilities of the surrounding community, without recur- 
ring back twenty years, when the mass of the insane, dispersed 
through the State, were raving and dying chained in prison 
cells or loathsome corners of almshouses, or roaming about, the 
terror of their friends, with scarcely an effort made for their 
improvement or a hope entertained of their recovery. 



1853.] SENATE— No. 1. 5 

But without dwelling on the appalling lot of the insane in 
former years, let us congratulate ourselves that this institution 
was founded for them ; that its setting out was auspicated by 
the genius of Dr. Woodward, that it had his administrative 
abilities to mature and develop it in its admirable proportions ;. 
that its superintendence has been so happily allotted since Dr. 
Woodward's removal ; that the community with whom it was 
located have constantly and kindly cooperated with it smana- 
gers to speed it on its errand of mercy, and have furnished the 
resident aid indispensably necessary to its management ; and 
that finally, the insitution has been so successful as to induce 
other states to found similar ones ,• and our own State to pro- 
vide another asylum to administer to its insane that more ex- 
tended charity which our asylum cannot wield, but which it 
has done so much to awaken. 

The affairs of the institution have been conducted success- 
fully the last year without any occurrence worthy of especial 
note ; but while it is bestowing its blessings upon the present 
generation, and promising so fairly for the future, the men 
who founded it and gave it its capacity for good, are fast leav- 
ing the stage of action. One of its earliest, most zealous, and 
watchful friends, and one of its first and most able officers, the 
Hon. Alfred Dwight Foster, of Worcester, has recently de- 
ceased. He was a member of the first Board of Trustees, and 
the first fourteen years of its existence, its Treasurer. The 
institution had no more enlightened or warmer friend, nor 
could it have the services of a more competent, faithful, able, 
and trustworthy officer. The Hon. Myron Lawrence of Bel- 
chertown, another warm friend of the Hospital, and a member 
of a former Board of Trustees, has also recently deceased. 

Whole number of admissions last year, 309 ; whole number 
in hospital last year, 775 ; whole number discharged, 243 ;. 
whole number remaining in hospital at end of year, 532; 
number discharged, recovered, 103 ; number discharged, im^ 
proved, 34. 

It will be seen by the tables that accompany the able report 
of the Superintendent, that the inmates, the last year, were 
allowed to increase until they numbered, in August, five hun- 
dred and fifty-two, and that the average number of residents. 



6 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

was five hundred and fifteen ; one hundred and twenty-five 
more than the hospital has accommodations for. Anxious to 
receive as many patients as could in any way be provided for, 
the officers had two beds placed in many of the rooms, though 
none were constructed for associated dormitories. The infir- 
maries have been crowded as sleeping apartments for the more 
quiet class. On the recommendation of the Superintendent, 
which he felt obliged very reluctantly to submit, the Trustees 
concluded in the autumn, with as great reluctance, "■ in order 
to afford suitable accommodation for the remainder of them," 
to remand to the Houses of Correction of their respective 
counties, about thirty of the more violent insane. 

The Trustees concurred with Dr. Chandler in the opinion 
that so crowded a state of the hospital threatened its good 
order, and that so great a proportion of the violent insane was 
particularly unfavorable to the prosperous management of the 
family. The Trustees indulge the hope that, by the erec- 
tion of the new hospital at Taunton, and by a diff"erent and 
more thorough classification of the patients, the combined 
capacities of the two will be such, that it will be seldom ne- 
cessary to send patients, however violent, to Houses of Correc- 
tion or Jails. 

Several former Reports have mentioned that a disproportion- 
ate share of the hospital accommodations were appropriated 
to a class of patients not citizens or residents of this State. 
They have brought the fact to the notice of your Excellency 
and the public, and we have to report that the evil is con- 
stantly increasing. 

The number of State paupers remaining in the hospital at 
the close of year 1846, was 52. Since that time the number 
has constantly increased, until it reaches, at the close of 1852, 
241, or nearly half the whole number of the inmates. Gross 
impositions are undoubtedly practised, by foreign states, upon 
the public charitable provisions of this Commonwealth. The 
hospital is not an exception. Imbeciles, and chronic, incura- 
ble cases of insanity that have been driven from other coun- 
tries to our hospitable shores, are presented for admission, and 
represented as recent and curable cases. 

In almost every instance these patients are entirely depend- 



1853.] SENATE— No. 1. 7 

ent on the State for care, food, and clothing. The bills of 
charges are becoming quite formidable. They have regularly 
increased since 1847, from ^11,828 90, to the round sum of 
$24,414 05 in 1852. The worst feature of the evil is, how- 
ever, that it closes the hospital to so many of the insane of 
our State, with the circumstances of whose maladies the 
officers of the asylum can be made fully acquainted. The 
_^subject needs the careful attention of the Legislature. 

The tables in the Superintendent's Report, will show the 
importance of placing the insane under the care of the hos- 
pital while their cases are recent, and they will also show how 
easily the institution can become crippled, as a curative estab- 
lishment, by being crowded with cases of chronic and incura- 
ble disease. 

The institution has cured of all recent cases an average of 
89 per cent. ; while of old cases it has cured 221 

The monthly visitations of the hospital, required by law, 
have been strictly attended to, and the proper record made of 
the condition of the establishment. 

This duty has been mostly performed by the Trustees resi- 
dent in Worcester, to whom, together with their predecessors, 
the Commonwealth is indebted for the performance of many 
onerous duties, and for a constant watchfulness that cannot be 
exercised by Trustees residing at a distance. 

These monthly records will show the fine condition in 
which the institution is constantly kept by its officers. The 
extraordinary degree of health that has prevailed in the family 
the last year, is due, in a great degree, to the constant, 
thorough, and laborious care, exercised by the admirable corps 
of officers upon this great establishment, and its large family 
of inmates. No epidemic or acute disease, unconnected with 
the brain, has prevailed. But one case of suicide has occur- 
red ; and this is a noticeable fact in a year's history of a 
population, one cause of whose confinement, is the supposed 
inclination they are under, to self-destruction, and a large 
number of whom are in the constant and free use of the usual 
implements of a farm and household. About half of the 
deaths have occurred from consumption, old age, and maniacal 
exhaustion in incurable cases. Probably there is no community 



8 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

of the same numbers, in this vicinity, in which there has more 
health or less mortality prevailed the last year. 

And as the Trustees have been brought, on successive occa- 
sions, to contemplate these tokens of good fortune to the insti- 
tution, together with all the circumstances of its uninterrupted 
prosperity, they have had a more and more lively sense of the 
obligation that the State is under to Dr. Chandler, for his quiet, 
but wise and efficient administration of its affairs j to Rev. 
George Allen, the Chaplain, for the soothing influences of his 
moral and religious ministrations ; to Drs. Lee and Bemis, the 
Assistant Physicians, for the counsel, aid, and intelligent co- 
operation, they afford the Superintendent ; to Mr. Hill, the 
Steward ; to Miss Reid, the Matron ; to Mr. and Mrs. Mirick, 
Supervisors, and to Mr. Smith, the Clerk, for the faithful and 
laborious discharge of their respective official duties. 

The accompanying report of the Treasurer will exhibit the 
state of the finances, which is highly satisfactory. 

Balance of cash in treasury, December 1, 1851, f 13,910 ^0 
The amount of receipts for year ending December 

1, 1852, - - 63,748 29 



$66,658 49 
The amount of expenditures for same time, - $43,878 35 



Balance in treasury, December 1, 1852, - - $22,780 14 

It will thus be seen that the financial condition of the insti- 
tution is prosperous. The present price of board being reason- 
ably low, the Trustees do not propose to reduce it further. 
And they are contemplating some very desirable improvements, 
which, if made, will absorb a great portion of the surplus. 

The Trustees forbear to report further in detail, and would 
refer to a much better source for exact information of the state 
of the hospital, the able report of the Superintendent, his care- 
fully prepared statistical tables, and his accompanying explan- 
atory remarks ; and they would commend to the notice of the 
government and people, the suggestions he makes, the result 
of much observation and experience. 



1853.] SENATE— No. 1. 9 

In conclusion, the Trustees would gratefully recognize the 
kind Providence that first disposed the people of the State to 
establish this noble and blessed charity, and that has extended 
over it, ever since, its protecting care. 

E. H. KELLOGG. 
J. S. C. KNOWLTON. 
FOSTER HOOPER. 
S. G. HOWE. 
REJOICE NEWTON. 

Worcester, December, 1852. 
2 



10 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



TREASURER'S REPORT. 



To the Trustees of the State Lunatic Hospital : 



The subscriber, Treasurer of the State Lunatic Hospital, 
respectfully reports as follows : 

The balance in his hands November 30, 1851, as 
stated in his report to the Governor and Coun- 
cil, was $13,910 20 

Within the year ending November 30, 1853, he 
has received from the Commonwealth for the 
support of lunatic State paupers, the sum of 31,688 59 

From cities, towns, and individuals, . . . 31,047 37 
For interest on Ziba Storr's donation of $500, . 13 43 

For articles sold by the Steward, . . . 335 77 





$66,894 35 


Deducting amount refunded on a bill overcharged 


12 33 




$66,881 93 


The expenditures in the year have been : 




For wages and labor, .... 


$10,603 79 


Treasurer's salary, .... 


400 00 


Improvements and repairs, . . . . 


1,841 89 


Furniture, ....'... 


1,593 01 


Clothing, . . . 


1,394 63 


For Provisions — 




Flour, 703 barrels, 


3,877 57 


Rye and Indian Meal, . . . . 


936 78 



1853.] SENATE No. 1. 


11 


For Biscuit, ....... 


$213 88 


Farina, 864 pounds. 


77 76 


Coffee, 4,886 « . . 


438 85 


Tea, 919 " 


265 69 


Sugar, 24,645 " . 


1,535 08 


Rice, 3,221 " . • . 


145 12 


Molasses, 1,367 gallons, . . . 


365 03 


Syrup. 313 gallons. 


101 04 


Beef and Pork, 68,148 pounds. 


4,444 69 


Fish, salted, 10,200 pounds, . 


344 22 


Do. fresh, ..... 


108 98 


Poultry, 1,147 pounds, . 


133 07 


Potatoes, 1,581 bushels. 


840 34 


Beans, $62 78 ; Sweet Potatoes, $50 50 


113 28 


Butter, 26,207 pounds, . 


4,710 72 


Cheese, 2,3^^ pounds, 


164 37 


Mackerel, ..... 


77 00 


Apples, at 40 cents per bushel, including 




dried apples and apple sauce, 


1,128 61 


Squashes, 


80 59 


Vinegar and Cider, . . 


32 51 


Fresh Fruits, (berries, peaches, <S6C.) 


203 07 


Lard, 1,191 pounds. 


134 09 


Salt, $44 67 ; Saleratus, $46 46, . 


91 13 


Small groceries, .... 


78 95 


Soap, $76 55; Starch, $16 50, . 


93 05 


Lime, Plaster, and Cement, . . . 


86 14 


Whale Oil, 244 gallons, .... 


181 82 


Gas light, 


462 90 


Wood, 731 cords, 


3,657 32 


Charcoal, 3,130 bushels, .... 


294 23 


Hard Coal, 390,995 pounds, 


1,233 25 


Straw, 47,035 pounds, .... 


156 91 


Freight, truckage and express, . 


202 82 


Medical supplies, . . . . . 


192 44 


Postage, $48 29 ; Sexton's bills, $269 75, 


318 04 


Books, Stationery, Newspapers, &c., . 


86 55 


Trustees' expenses, $52 10 ; Chaplain's, $22 60, 


74 70 



1% 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



Expenses charged to patients, 
Pursuit and recovery of elopers, 
Removal of State paupers, 
Oxen, $175; Horse, 135, . 
Miscellaneous expenses, 

Balance, November 30th, 







$149 
35 


16 

75 






23 


78 






310 


00 






68 


19 


. , . 


$44,101 

22,780 


79 
13 


$66,881 


92 



SAML. JENNISON, Treasurer. 



December 14, 1852. 



1853.] SENATE— No. 1. 13 



SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT. 



Twentieth Annual Report of the Superintendent, to the 
Trustees of the State Lunatic Hospital. 

Gentlemen : — Within a few months, one of the members of 
the first Board of Trustees of this hospital, and one who sub- 
sequently served the institution on your Board, — and the one 
who for fourteen years was its first Treasurer, almost gratui- 
tously, and with an accuracy and integrity unsuspected, — and 
one who was a judicious friend of the institution and its in- 
mates, and one who was a wise and safe counsellor to its 
officers, has died. The Hon. Alfred Dwight Foster, who was 
so early and so long intimately associated with this hospital, 
and upon whose good judgment much of its prosperity and 
usefulness depends, even at present, is no more. His genial 
presence is greatly missed in the best walks of life, and all 
hold his memory and early departure in sad but pleasing 
remembrance. 

The Hon. Myron Lawrence, a former Trustee, has also just 
passed off" the stage of action. 

During the past year the ordinary affairs only, pertaining to 
such institutions, have occurred, without anything extraor- 
dinary to mark its progress. We have been blessed with 
almost entire exemption from epidemics and acute diseases, not 
connected with the brain and the nervous system. The acci- 
dents to the body of patient or attendant, have been few and of 
minor importance, although a large proportion of the patients 
have been employed with the usual tools in the fields and in 
the hospital. The influx of patients has been large, and our 
number of inmates much larger than ever before, while several 
applicants from our own Commonwealth were not admitted, 
and all from abroad. Our efforts have been crowned with suc- 
cess, in restoring the health and reason of many, and in 
ameliorating the sad condition of, and making comparative)/ 
happy, this vast household. All of which the following Tables 
will show more fully in detail. 



14 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



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1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 15 



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1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



37 



TABLE 1. 

Showing the Admissions from each County the last and 
previous years. 





Males, 


. 2 


1852. 


PreviouslJ^ 


Total. 


Barnstable, . 










Females, 


. 6 


8 


101 


109 


Berkshire, 


Males, 


. 8 










Females, 


. 5 


13 


121 


134 


Bristol, 


Males, 


. 12 










Females, 


. 10 


22 


236 


258 


Dukes, 


Males, 


. 1 










Females, 


. 


1 


15 


16 


Essex, 


Males, 


. 18 










Females, 


. 14 


32 


482 


514 


Franklin, 


Males, 


. 4 










Females, 


. 


4 


96 


100 


Hampden, . 


Males, 
Females, 


. 6 

. 10 


16 


195 


211 


Hampshire, . 


Males, 
Females, 


. 3 

. 2 


5 


169 


174 


Middlesex, . 


Males, 


. 24 










Females, 


. 22 


46 


456 


£02 


Nantucket, . 


Males, 


. 2 










Females, 


. 


2 


27 


29 


Norfolk, 


Males, 


. 16 










Females, 


. 19 


35 


473 


508 


Plymouth, . 


Males, 
Females, 


. 9 

. 9 


18 


180 


198 


Suffolk, 


Males, 


. 9 










Females, 


. 37 


46 


363 


409^ 


Worcester, . 


Males, 


. 34—^ 










Females, 


. 27 


61 


937 


998 


Other States, 


Males, 


. 










Females, 


. 





10 


10 




309 


3,861 


4,170 



3§ STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

During the autumn of the ensuing year, it is hoped and ex- 
pected that this hospital will be in a measure relieved of its 
great press of patients, by diversion of commitments from 
that time of a part of the lunatics to the new institution in 
Taunton. Whether the second Hospital for the Insane shall 
receive only one sex, or both sexes, of that section of the 
State, the managers of this will, from relief afforded, be 
pleased to have it get into operation. There has been a con- 
stant increase in the number of patients resident in this insti- 
tution. In the last eight years the number has more than 
doubled. Had not thirty been recently returned to the jails 
and houses of correction of their respective counties, we 
should have had at this time one hundred and seventy-five 
more than what should be the utmost limit of our accommoda- 
tions. 



1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



39 



TABLE 2. 



Showing the Admissiotis and Stale of the Hospital, from 
December 1st, 1851, to November 30th, 1852. 



Patients in the Hospital, Decem- 
ber 1st, 1851, . . . .466 
Males, . . 242 
Females, . . 224 

Patients admitted in the course of 

the year, 309 

Males, . . 148 
Females, . . 161 

Whole number in the Hospital, in 
course of the year, . . . 775 
Males, . . 390 
Females, . . 385 



Patients remaining in the Hospi- 
tal, November 30th, 1852, 
Males, . . 264 
Females, . . 268 



532 



Of the Admissions, there were 
cases of less duration than one 

year, 

Males, . . 81 

Females, . . 95 



176 



Of the Admissions, there were 
cases of one year or more, . 94 
Males, . . 45 

Females, . . 49 



Cases the duration of whose in- 
sanity before admission not as- 
certained, . . . . 
Males, . .• 22 

Females, . . 17 



Patients committed by Courts, 
Males, . . 118 
Females, . . 141 



39 



259 



Committed by Overseers of the 

Poor, 39 

Males, . . 23 

Females, . . 16 



Private Boarders on bonds, . 

Males, . . 7 

Females, . . 4 



11 



Foreigners, those who have no 

legal residence in this State, 

admitted during the year. 
Males, . . 56 

Females, . . 72 

Foreigners discharged during the 

year, 

Males, . . 44 

Females, . . 51 



128 



95 



Foreigners remaining in the Hos- 
pital at the end of the year, . 241 
Males, . . Ill 
Females, . . 130 



State Paupers remaining in the 
Hospital at the end of each 
year, as near as they can be 
ascertained : — 





No. 


1842, 


34 


1843, 


38 


1844, 


38 


1845, 


57 


1846, 


52 


1847, 


121 


1848, 


150 


1849, 


167 


1850, 


181 


1851, 


208 


1852, 


241 



The admissions have exceeded in number that of any- 
former year. Our increase of foreigners continues. Nearly 
one-half of our household are State beneficiaries for their care, 



40 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



food and raiment. It is a thing almost unknown that any of 
this class pay any bills. The Irish patients are usually repre- 
sented to us as just having become insane. In this we are 
peculiarly liable to be misinformed. They may have just 
manifested violence for the first time, or may have just become 
uncontrollable, but we often ascertain afterwards, that they had 
for months or years been getting singular in their habits or 
wayward in their dispositions. This may, in part, account for 
the prevalent impression in hospitals, that their chances of re- 
covery are not equal to that of the native born patients. 



TABLE 3. 

Showing the number of Discharges and Deaths^ and the Con- 
dition of those who left the Hospital^ from December 1st, 
1851, to November 30th, 1852. 





i 

32 




Recov- 
ered. 


Improv- 
ed. 


Incurable 
and 


Incurable 
and dan- 


Deaths. 






a 

6 

'A 




harmless. 


gerous. 










f^ 




y. 




X 




i 




\A 








Q) 




CO 




m 




to 




CO 




xn 










"n 


xi 


n 


A 


"3 


,a 




a 


•s 


A 


■s 


01 




























































^ 


Eh 


W 


a 


W 


H 


M 


B 


W 


H 


M 


H 


H 


Patients discharged, 


, 


243 


, 


103 


, 


34 


, 


20 


, 


41 


. 


45 


. 


Males, 


126 


, 


55 . 


16 


, 


10 


. 


25 


, 


20 


. 


126 


Females, . 


117 


• 


4b 


• 


18 




10 




16 


• 


25 


• 


117 


Recent cases — less than 




























one year — discharged, 


. 


96 


. 


74 


. 


8 


. 


3 




1 


. 


10 


. 


Males, 


44 


, 


38 


, 


1 


. 


2 


, 





, 


3 


. 


44 


Females, . 


59 


• 


36 


• 


7 


• 


1 


• 


1 


• 


7 


• 


52 


Chronic cases — one year 




























or more — discharged, 


, 


135 




24 




26 




16 


, 


39 




30 


. 


Males, 


74 


, 


14 


, 


15 


, 


7 


, 


24 


, 


14 


, 


74 


Females, . 


61 


• 


10 


• 


11 


• 


9 


• 


]5 


V 


16 


• 


61 


Patients discharged, the 




























duration of whose in- 




























sanity not ascertained, 


, 


12 


, 


5 


, 





. 


1 


, 


1 




5 


. 


Males, 


8 


, 


3 


, 





, 


1 




1 




3 


. 


8 


Females, . 


4 


• 


2 


• 





• 





• 





• 


2 




4 








103 




34 




20 




41 




45 







When our patients have become rational — when they have 
given up their delusions — when their feelings towards their 
friends have become natural — when they have become Indus- 



1853.1 



SENATE— No. 1. 



41 



trious, and when they show us by their actions that they 
would, on their return to their homes, conduct with propriety, 
and engage in their accustomed pursuits, we have represented 
their cases to your favorable consideration. And when the 
friends of such as are quiet, harmless and apparently incurable, 
desire their removal, we have recommended them to be dis- 
charged by you. During this year you have, for the first time 
for many years, exercised your authority, in relieving the 
house of its great pressure of inmates by sending to houses of 
correction some of the incurable and dangerous. The Judge 
of Probate, of this county, has also discharged several of this 
last class, upon the request of their guardians and friends, when 
satisfied they would be safely and comfortably provided for, 
after leaving the hospital. 

TABLE 4. 

Showing the number of Admissions and Discharges^ and the 
average number in the Hospital, each month in the year. 





Monthly Av- 
erage. 


Admissions. 


Discharges. 


December, 1851, . . . . 


475 


28 


13 


January, 1852, 








487 


22 


17 


February, " 








496 


22 


8 


March, " 








504 


19 


9 


April, « 








505 


9 


22 


May, " 








510 


34 


13 


June, " 








527 


38 


22 


July, " 








538 


34 


23 


August, " 








548 


28 


23 


September, " 








535 


24 


51 


October, " 








525 


23 


22 


November, " 








529 


28 


20 


Average No. for the year, 




515 







The smallest number of patients was 465, and that was 
early in the year ; and the number steadily increased up to 
552, in September, when more than 30 were discharged for the 
want of room, and remanded to other places of confinement, 
and some others were taken away by their friends at our 
solicitation. Any farther increase of violent 'patients would 
much incommode the good order of the institution. 
6 



42 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



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1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



43 



TABLE 6. 

Showing the whole number of Residents during the year, the 
average number each year, the number at the end of each 
year, and the expense of each of the twenty years the Hos- 
pital has been in operation. 



The Tear. 


Whole No. of 

Residents dur- 

the year. 


Average No. 
each year. 


Number at 

the end of each 

year. 


Current Expenses 
each year. 


Annual Expense 
per patient. 


1833 


153 


107 


114 


$12,272 91 


$114 67 


1834 


233 


117 


118 


15.840 27 


135 38 


1835 


241 


120 


119 


16.576 44 


137 30 


1836 


245 


127 


138 


21,395 28 


168 44 


1837 


306 


163 


185 


26,027 07 


159 64 


1838 


362 


211 


218 


28,739 40 


136 20 


1839 


397 


223 


229 


29,474 41 


132 16 


. 1840 


391 


229 


236 


27,844 98 


121 59 


1841 


399 


233 


232 


28,847 62 


123 81 


1842 


430 


238 


238 


27,546 87 


111 12 


1843 


458 


244 


255 


27,914 12 


114 40 


1844 


491 


261 


263 


29,278 75 


112 17 


1845 


556 


316 


360 


43,888 65 


138 88 


1846 


637 


359 


387 


39,870 37 


111 06 


1847 


607 


377 


394 


39,444 47 


104 62 


1848 


655 


404 


409 


42,860 05 


106 09 


1849 


682 


420 


429 


40,870 86 


97 31 


1850 


670 


440 


441 


46,776 13 


106 40 


1851 


704 


462 


466 


52,485 33 


112 61 


1852 


775 


515 


532 


43,878 35 


85 20 



This table exhibits a great increase in the number of resi- 
dents the past year over former ones. And, indeed, when our 
number had risen up to five hundred and fifty-two patients, 
your Board was compelled, by the extreme necessity of the 
case, " in order to afford suitable accommodation for the re- 
mainder of them," to remove to houses of correction of their 
respective counties, about thirty of the violent insane. It 
was with great reluctance that such a step was advised. But 
a crowded hospital for the insane — especially the violent in- 
sane — is extremely difficult to manage, and liable to accidents 
.even under the most vigilant supervision. As we have had an 
average during the whole year of about one hundred and 
twenty-five patients more than single rooms for them, we have 
been obliged of course to place two beds in several of our 



44 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

small dormitories. We have no associated dormitories, except 
the infirmaries, which have been crowded as sleeping rooms 
for the more quiet class. 

The current expenses per patient have been more moderate 
the past year than ever before. This has arisen mainly from 
our larger number of boarders. Although we have devoted 
two more persons than before to the care of the insane, and 
have had a female night watch. This last duty has never 
been performed before, except in case of sickness. 

The bills for '' improvements and repairs " embrace that 
for the wood and iron work, $660, for the Eastern Gate and 
that for painting the floors of two galleries in the North L, and 
the standing work of all three. For the standing work zinc 
paint was used, and after six months wear, its appearance is 
very satisfactory. Some forty rock maple trees have been 
placed in the new sidewalk in Mulberry Street, — twenty white 
ash trees in the Eastern Avenue, — thirty elms in the sidewalk 
in Summer Street, and several other forest trees have been set 
out on the premises. Although we have done much yearly in 
the way of improvement and ornament to the grounds, very 
much more remains to be done. The proposed iron fence in 
front will enlarge the grounds on this hill, for the patients' ex- 
clusive use, and keep further off the increasing population of 
this city. This iron fence, and the picket fence around the 
east garden, will draw largely upon any surplus funds in the 
treasury next season. The neccessary annual repairs upon 
this establishment, subjected to the hard usage of this house- 
hold, will always be considerable. The price of board has 
been reduced by your Board to as low a point as can reason- 
ably be expected in an institution of this kind. This you 
have been enabled to do by a combination of favorable cir- 
cumstances. It will be a fortunate thing to those who shall 
hereafter be called upon to pay bills, if as favorable a combina- 
tion shall continue. 



1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



45 



TABLE 7. 



Showing the Causes of Insanity as affecting persons pursuing 
different Occupations. 





0) 

o 

a 

S 

o 

p. 

1 

p 

M 




o 

.Q 
1^. 


i 
< 

ll 


o 
1 


p< 

o 


a . 
11 


'3, 


3 
1 


i 

o 

H 


Farmers, . 


73 


23 


33 


30 


31 


31 


5 


11 


3 


250 


Laborers, . 




95 


15 


19 


9 


12 


9 


5 


12 


2 


174 


Seamen, . 




34 


9 


8 


3 


7 


7 


1 


1 


3 


73 


Merchants, 




15 


6 


32 


5 


4 


23 


1 


3 


_ 


89 


Carpenters, 




19 


8 


10 


4 


11 


8 


4 


2 


_ 


66 


Shoemakers, 




13 


12 


34 


9 


11 


8 


2 


1 


_ 


90 


Blacksmiths, 




4 


1 


2 


1 


2 


4 


3 


1 


_ 


18 


Students, . 




- 


3 


24 


2 


3 


- 


- 


2 


_ 


34 


Clergymen, 




1 


2 


4 


_ 


1 


1 


1 


- 


- 


10 


Lawyers, . 




2 


- 


2 


1 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


6 


Physicians, 




2 


- 


- 


_ 


- 


1 


1 


- 


- 


4 


Painters, . 




2 


1 


11 


2 


1 


1 


1 


1 


_ 


20 


Manufacturers, 




9 


3 


5 


2 


5 


5 


1 


- 


- 


30 



4&. 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



TABLE 8. 

Showing the Causes of Insanity, and the circumstances con- 
nected with the causes and predisposition to Insanity, the 
last and previous years. 





1852. 


rreviously. 


Ill Health, 


30 


528 


Intemperance, . 








7 


363 


Domestic AfHiction, . 








13 


331 


Religion, 








9 


255 


Masturbation, . 








7 


190 


Property, 








9 


178 


Disappointed Affection, 








5 


99 


Disappointed Ambition, 








- 


39 


Epilepsy, . . 








8 


105 


Puerperal, 








11 


118 


Wounds on the Head, . 








2 


49 


Hard Labor, . 








4 


52 


Jealousy, 








1 


17 


Fright, 








1 


27 


Palsy, . . 








3 


32 


Periodical cases. 








44 


791 


Hereditary cases, 








39 


922 


Homicidal cases, 








16 


138 


Have committed Homicide, 








1 


22 


Suicidal cases. 








28 


359 


Have committed Suicide, 








1 


18 


Cases arising from Physical causes, 






52 


1464 


Cases arising from Moral causes, 






31 


999 



It is often attended with difficulty and uncertainty in ascer- 
taining the one true cause of insanity. Ill health is justly re- 
garded as the almost universal precursor of this malady, and it 
is often the principal cause. But there is frequently some 
moral or mental disturbance antecedent to this that has escaped 
observation. From the direct effect of intemperance, there 
has been comparatively but few admissions. Five have been 
brought to us whose minds were overborne by investigating 
the phenomenon early designated as the " Rochester Knock- 
ings." The two males recovered their former health of body 
and mind very favorably, and two of the females will, proba- 
bly, recover also. They were all what are called nervous per- 
sons, and were, at the time of their admission, suffering from 
physical disease. 



1853.] SENATE— No. 1. 47 

Many patients are periodically insane, with lucid intervals of 
regular, but more often of irregular, duration. With some, the 
periods of excitement* are self-limited. Remedial means have 
very little, if any, controlling influence in arresting their pro- 
gress. Where the interval of reason and self-control is short, 
the individuals usually remain with us ; but, where the rational 
period continues weeks or months, they return to their families 
and friends. 

Hereditary predisposition is obvious in some families. A 
mother, two sisters, and a brother, have been inmates of this 
hospital. All of them have been here twice each, and some 
three times. Two brothers and two sisters, of another family, 
have been inmates here. Other members of the same family 
have been insane. The members of this family were periodi- 
cally afl'ected. Of another family, two brothers and a sister 
have been patients here. The father, mother, a sister, and 
two other brothers, were for a time insane. At this time, we 
have three male patients, who have each a sister with us. A 
mother and her daughter are patients here, at this time. We 
once had twin sisters, and once had a man and his wife as 
patients. 

This hereditary taint " is apparently a peculiarity in the 
congenital constitution of each individual. It may be trans- 
mitted from parents, or it may arise anew, as other varieties in 
the congenital structure are known to do. It seems probable 
that any causes which tend to produce enervation and debility 
in parents will have an efl'ect on their offspring." It follows 
then that those causes which tend in the growth and maturity 
of the whole system to its health and full development, will 
eradicate any hereditary or acquired predisposition to insanity. 
A person in the enjoyment of perfect health of body can, for a 
short time, sustain almost any amount of mental exertion or 
any ordeal of the aff'ections. It is only after the material in- 
strument becomes exhausted, that the mind fails to respond in 
a healthy tone. The chances of recovery in those cases where 
there is a hereditary predisposition, are said by many to be as 
good as in those cases of healthy parentage. 



48 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



TABLE 9. 
Previous Occupation of Patients, luhere it was knoion. 





1852.- 


Previously. 


Farmers, ^ . 


14 


407 


Laborers, 










17 


314 


Merchants, 










3 


127 


Shoemakers, . 










15 


132 


Seamen, 










6 


116 


Carpenters, 




♦ 






5 


104 


Manufacturers, 










10 


70 


Teachers, 










1 


52 


Students, 








.s 


1 


47 


Blacksmiths, . 










- 


32 


Machinists, 










1 


5 


Painters, 










2 


27 


Tailors, 










1 


18 


Clergymen, 






"■ 




- 


19 


Lawyers, 










1 


7 


Physicians, 










1 


8 


Females accustomed to active employment, 




44 


791 


Females accustomed to sedentary employment, 


7 


285 



1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



49 



5!^ 






'tS 






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d 


a 




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r,"^ 








t-1 






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o 

2c 



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CO »0 1— 1 r-t C\i 



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Of CO T— I I— I 1—1 CO 



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00 '^ Ci O Oi CO 



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k-O CO Ci t^ (7! O 



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CO i^ C5 t>. Oi I— 1 CT 



CT CO M CO CT ^ 0> 
Ifi W Ci CO C^ — 1 CO 



00 '^ — H 00 O Tf "^ 
CO CO 00 CO CV rH CV 



CO "* Ci ^ »i^ O Ci 
1> CO CO CO i-i rl C\{ 



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t^ O J> CO 1— 1 CO 



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mCO-rr-^r-t 1—1 CO 



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s S o 



50 



STATE LUiXATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 





s 


CO 00 05 — ' 00 -sO i> o 
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CO 00 COrH 


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T-l^'* coc^ 


. C^ to rH (0? '^ 
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1-1 '^ "* CO (M T-( 


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COQO-^-hCO(MJ>.0 

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CO -Tt* rH r-l (rj 
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r-HCSCMICO-^COOO 
i-l (TJ CO OJ 1-1 1-1 


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1* CO CO CO CO CO coo 

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= =^OJCO-<*OCOI^§ 

J' 
to 


Civil state of patients when admitted : 
Single, .... 
Married, .... 
Widows,. 
Widowers, 
Unknown, 





1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



51 



TABLE 11. 



Ages of Patients in the Hospital, 
December 1st, 1852. 



Duration of Insanity with those remaining in the 
Hospital, December 1st, 1852. 



Under 10 years old, 
From 10 to 15 years old, 



O 



" 15 ' 


20 " 


" 20 ' 


25 " 


" 25 ' 


30 " 


" 30 ' 


35 " 


" 35 ' 


40 " 


" 40 ' 


45 " 


" 45 ' 


50 " 


" 50 * 


55 " 


" 55 ' 


60 " 


" 60 ' 


65 " 


" G5 ' 


70 '' 


" 70 ' 


75 " 


'• 75 ' 


80 " 


/er 80 


u 





] 

18 

55 

58 

90 

94 

66 

41 

38 

22 

17 

21 

5 

5 

1 

532 



Less than 1 year insane, 
From 1 to 2 years insane, 

" 2 " 5 " 

« 5 " 10 " 

" 10 « 15 « 

" 15 " 20 " 

" 20 " 25 " 

" 25 " 30 " 
Over 30 " 

Unknown, 



81 
58 
88 
97 
76 
27 
20 
9 
7 



532 



52 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



CM 

00 



c^ 



CO 
00 



C« (2) 






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6q 



O 00 in QO 05 O CO 

r^ CO o (Tvf »oio 

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OOCDQOOJCTGOCTOiOS 
O? Ol ^ —I OJ --I 



Ci CO CO "* — ' O O 
O '^t O CO CO'TT 
CO «^ i-H 



c<?QO--iot^omciOioaoio 

CO'*0«i-'OT<MlO>OiO^— I 

»/; t— 1 1— 1 1— I T— 1 o? kn 



CO 00 -— I 00 O C3 o 
CO CO --I CO iO CO 



oiooo— ir^coco-*Cicoioc« 
coc^co-Hc^r-(r>jooj>»o»ni:o 

T# I-H T— I I— I 1— I 1—1 -^ 



1— I o in irj o> j> o 
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CN OJ rH 



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rt^(^^rH(^^o(^JC^^O'*cocO'* 



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l^ lO CO (>{ O CO 
CTC^ 1-1 



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t^ o ao o 

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CO '^ CO CO Tf CO 



Cioocoocommcoi 

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■^ 1—1 1—1 1—1 1—1 I— ( 



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cooii^ooincicooo 
CO o (?J o o in 

C< 1—1 1—1 1—1 1—1 1—1 



GO CO 00 ^ 

t^ in CO CO 



O CO CO O? CO c« o 
0{ O -1 CO CO CQ 
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GO l^ ■ 

CO O ( 
C^ i-< 



^ -rt* ■* 00 
■^ -^ •^ CO 
1 C>J 



O) CO ' 
CO t^i 



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I in CO -^ CO 



CO in i 

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CO 00 -^ OS 

in c^ m (M 



Oi O Oi CO O ^ 00 
C^ 00 Oi CO GO 1-1 



^ 



CO CT 00 CO 

in CO ^ c^f 



00 CO ■ 



I ■* in " 1-1 
' m -^ CO ^^ 

1 OJ 



! coco GO 1—1 rH 



CO 
CO 
(7< 



<D 



■ i-a 






fcuoS^ 



c 2 > 






P c 






° O O) 0) 0) . 
Z Z be be fc>D 

!- (^ !-. 

(B a> nl cS cd 
g "g "§ "o "o 'O 



n ii f; 



M3 5 .^ Cd 

5 2 « g^ 



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s 



1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



53 



TABLE 13. 
Diseases that have proved Fatal. 





1852. 


Previously. 


Marasmus, ...... 


7 


64 ' 


Apoplexy and Palsy, . . • . 




3 


49 


Consumption, .... 




6 


44 


Epilepsy, .... 




3 


42 


Disease of the Heart, . 




1 


18 


Suicide, .... 




1 


18 


Disease of the Brain, . . . • , 




2 


18 


Typhus Pever, 







11 


Lung Fever, .... 







14 


Hemorrhage, . . 




1 


5 


Dysenteric Fever, 







9 


Cholera Morbus, 







4 


Inflammation of the Bowels, , 




1 


7 


Mortification of the Limbs, 







3 


Dropsy, .... 




1 


6 


Chronic Dysentery, . . . • 







4 


Erysipelas .... 







15 


Diarrhcea, .... 




1 


16 


Disease of the Brain from Intemperance, 




1 


2 


Bronchitis, .... 







3 


Old Age, .... 




6 


6 


Gastric Fever,. .... 







5 


Land Scurvy, .... 







1 


Congestive Fever, 







2 


Concussion of the Brain, 







1 


Disease of the Bladder, 







1 


Fright, .... 







1 


Rupture, 









1 


Maniacal Exhaustion, 






11 


24 


Convulsions, . 









2 


Cholera, 









4 


Asthma, 









1 


Hydrothorax, . 









1 


Cancer, 









1 


Pleurisy, 









1 


Jaundice, 









I 








45 


405 



This institution has, during the past year, been blessed with 
great immunity from acute disease. There is not probably in 
this community, a neighborhood of numbers equal to the in- 
mates of this hospital, that has been more highly favored in 
this respect, than we have. As a general rule, our patients 
have good appetites. They eat heartily and fully. Except 



54 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

nineteen cases of erysipelas of the face and head, that occur- 
red from December to June, we have had nothing like an epi- 
demic. These cases of erysipelas were many of them slight, 
and none of them, fatal. In most instances the disease began 
at some scratch of the skin or a pimple. Four commenced on 
the nose and four on the ear. In only one case did the in- 
flammatiotj extend down into the body. We found the appli- 
cation of warm water grateful in some of the cases, but the 
effects of other topical applications of doubtful utility. 

The summer complaints of the bowels appeared only in a 
few instances. 

Six died, after passing the advanced stage allotted to man, of 
three score years and ten. Some of whom had been insane 
many years. It is probable, however, their days were shortened 
in consequence of their mental disturbance, for such is the 
usual effect of the diseased brain. A few, however, continue 
thirty or forty years after becoming insane. In many cases, 
the system becomes exhausted rapidly by the maniacal excite- 
ment, and fatal symptoms early supervene after being brought 
to the institution. They labor under a heavy load of mental 
troubles, and in consequence, make violent and continued 
physical exertion to free themselves. Unless such cases can be 
sustained by nourishment, they usually fail rapidly. 

Consumption is one of the most common of the fatal results 
of insanity. Such is shown to be the fact by the reports of 
all the institutions for the insane. When the lungs suffer the 
most, either from hereditary predisposition or from any acci- 
dental cause, the disease assumes the name of phthisis, and 
when there is a universal wasting away of the solids, the dis- 
ease is called in our tables marasmus. 

Although we have had but little acute disease, our mortality 
is large. Insanity is often one of the results merely of a 
general breaking-down of the constitution, and is, therefore, 
necessarily fatal. Some of such are brought here to be taken 
care of in their last days, and of whose recovery but very lit- 
tle hope could have been entertained. 



1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



55 



<! 








CO 

*^ ^ '"' in CO 


1 


C\> CO CO O C^ r-< C^ -^ -^ O 00 
GO Tj< 1— 1 1—1 


1 


l^'strH t>. Tf 00 CO CO CO 00 C5 

00 in (M -J,; 

1— 1 


-»*« 


00 o c< 1—11—1 


i 


C0W05 00 T-i 1-iCT irt c? ^ a> 

00 O f-( I— I 1—1 j^ 


^ 


J> '^ f-l 1-1 r-1 j^ 


1 


Cii>oo i-<Oi-ikcoco o »n 

1> lO OJ 1-11—1 1—1 Q 


i 


Ci c<f -H cotN.'^aioi© •«* lo 

00 CO CO 1— 1 T-1 rH j>; 


i 


co-^Tj* inoocoooc^i CO r^ 
can ot 1— 1 I— 1 if^ 


i 


OOOiOi COC0C5i>COC0 ^ o 

coma 1-1—1 


i 


r-i:XD CO ooffiinmoo'^t Sf o 

Oi''«g< 1—1 1— 1 I— 1 


S 

1— ( 


i-icftTH n'^co^ci'o CO 1-1 

03 "* C^J CM r-( rH j^ 


1 


^coG^ »rtTti>io(rn> CO w 
O) o crj c* 1-1 1-* f^ 


i 


CO 

ot^r^ j:^ lo xo CO 00 QO o oo 


CO 


cocvjic oomioococo "* lO 

00 W rl C^ 1-1 rl 1-1 j^ 


1 


Cii>.»r5 ^COCOCOOi— 1 CO ir? 


1 


'i^COOi (?J J> CO CO kO CO Co" ro 
00 IC rH C< i-l rt 1-1 ^ 


S 


CTcooo i-ij>i^a)COi> co' CO 

OOrr 1-1 (?? T-H (TJ ^ 


■<* 


O?"*© OOCOOJ — '^CO co' fr^ 

00 »n i?J th fh 1— 1 oj "^ 


1 


. . . Q0Oi^i>.WlO &r rt^ 




mra ' S LI to * a * 

§JS S^ • 1 • 2 13^ 

CD a, "^ (u "^ o'^ 



56 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

Employment is the great moral means of curing the insane. 
Useful labor on the farm, in the shop, in the various departments 
of domestic work of the hospital — the kitchens, the laundry, and 
the sewing-room, and in their own galleries, by the females, in 
sewing and knitting for themselves or the institution, helps 
to divert their minds from dwelling continually on their mor- 
bid delusions. Games have a similar effect. So does the ex- 
hibition of the magic lantern, and views of the diorama. 
Riding and walking about this city invigorates the body and 
refreshes the mind. We have endeavored to get out into the 
open air daily all such as were in a suitable condition to be 
out, Reading gratifies while it instructs. Our library is much 
frequented by the patients, and the books much used. The 
newspaper is yearly becoming more and more an indispensable 
favorite. Each local paper is sought by those who were its 
readers before being brought here. The proprietors of the 
following, generously continue their welcome donations : — 
The Daily Advertiser, Evening Gazette, Olive Branch, Puritan 
Recorder, Christian Witness and Church Advocate, Christian 
Watchman and Reflector. Youths' Companion, Monthly Re- 
ligious Magazine, Zion's Herald, New England Farmer, 
Christian Observer, and the To-day, from Boston ; Register 
and Essex County Gazette, from Salem ; Lynn News, from 
Lynn ; Old Colony Memorial, from Plymouth ; Assistant of 
the Ministry at Large, from Roxbury ; Gospel Messenger, from 
Utica, N. Y. ; ^gis, Daily and Weekly Spy, Palladium, Daily 
Transcript, Cataract, and N. E. M. T. Journal, from Worcester ; 
and Democrat, from Taunton. 

From the Hon. Charles Allen, the hospital received — Patent 
Office Report — Agricultural, 1850-1851. The Treasurer's 
Report, on Commerce and Navigation of United States, in 
1851. The President's Annual Message, and accompanying 
documents, Part 1st, 1851 and 1852. Hon. H. Mann sent us 
the Congressional Report on the Sulphuric Ether Controversy. 

Dr. Samuel Flagg sent us a large century plant. Dr. Lopez, 
of Alabama, gave for the patients' library an English sovereign. 
And Mr. Sibley laid us under obligations to himself and 
another, for the music for one of our dancing parties. 

Games and innocent amusement are recommended to the in- 



1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



57 



mates, who engage in them more or less freely, as their feel- 
ings permit them. They subserv^e the great purpose of divert- 
ing the thoughts from constantly running in the channel of 
their delusions. 

The constant religious services of the Sabbath — forenoon 
and afternoon — the Bible class, and the evening service, has 
been conducted by our able and judicious Chaplain, who has 
been so many years with this family. Many of the patients 
listen with undivided attention and with profit. They con- 
duct with great decorum in these meetings, and are gratified 
with the privilege of being present. 

To those associated with me in conducting the affairs of this 
great family, I am greatly indebted, for their kindness, indus- 
try and good spirit, in promoting its great interests. This 
hospital has been, from the beginning, remarkably fortunate, 
generally, in the high moral character and fitness for their 
duties, of the attendants and assistants employed. 

Some of the avails of our farming, as estimated by the 
Steward, are the following, besides the fresh vegetables daily 
gathered from the garden for present use : 

1 120 00 
10 50 
53 75 
23 75 
33 00 
30 00 
23 40 
72 00 
26 00 

1,225 00 
513 36 

1,339 80 



Potatoes, 




300 bushels, 


at 




40 


cents. 


Beans, 




6 


a 


a 


$175 




Beets, 




215 


a 


a 




25 cents. 


Turnips, 




95 


<i 


u 




25 


" 


Onions, 




66 


a 


u 




50 




Parsnips, 




60 


(( 


u 




50 




Cucumbers, 


78 


li 


u 




30 




Cabbage 


heads, 1,800, 


li 




4 




Apples, 




65 bushels. 


li 




40 




Milk, 


35 


,000 


quarts. 


a 




3|- 





Beef, 11 beeves, 8,556 pounds. 
Pork, 52 hogs, 16,745 pounds, 



|3,470 56 



58 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

And for wintering the stock of four horses, one yoke 
of oxen and twenty-three cows, there was cut on 
the farm, hay, 41 tons, at $16 00, , . . |656 00 
and raised in the garden, carrots 1,735 bushels 
at 30 cents, 520 50 



$1,176 50 
The Hospital year closed with a family of 532 patients, 

71 employees, 
5 others. 



60S 



And another year has commenced under the most favorable 
auspices. 

GEORGE CHANDLER. 

State Lunatic Hospital, ) 
Worcester, Dec. 2, 1852. > 



60 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



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1853. 



SENATE— No. 1. 



61 







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Nimbus. Cumulus. 

Cumulo-stratus. 

Nimbus. 

Snow, 12J A. M. Rain. 

Snow and R. ended 1 P. M., 2^ inches. 

Fog dense. Snow 11 A. M. 

Snow ended 3 P. M., 7 inches. 

Cirrus. 

Nimbus. Snow | inch. 

Nimbus-cirrus. 

Snow 1^ inches. 

Nimbus. Snow. 

Cirro-stratus. 

Nimbus. Snow. 

Nimbus. Snow. 

Cirro-stratus. Snow \ inch. 

Cirro-stratus. 

Nimbus. Snow 10 A. M. 

Snow 3 inches. 

Aurora brilliant 11 P. M. 

Nimbus. 

Stratus. 

Stratus. Aurora brilliant 11 P. M. 

Nimbus. Snow. 

Nimbus. Cirro-stratus. Snow 7 PM. 
Nimbus. 

Cirro-'Jtratus. Snow. 
Snow 2 inches. 


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63 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



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Nimbus. Snow interrupted. 
Stratus. 

Nimbus. 

Cirro-stratus. 

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Cirro-stratus. 

Nimbus. Sh. 10 A. M. 

Nimbus. Snow. 

Snow 3 P. M., interrupted. 

Snow 1^ inches. 

Stratus. 

Snow 2^ inches. 

('irro-stratus. Cirrus. Aurora 7 P.M., 
[striated. 
Cirro-stratus. 

Snow 2 A. M., ended 2 P. M., 3^ inches. 
Cirrus. Snow 7^ A. M. 
Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. Rain 11^ A.M. 
Nimbus. Cirrus. 
Stratus. 

Cirrus. Lunar halo 8 P. M. 
Snow 3i A. M. 4 inches. Rain 5i P. M. 
Rain ended 12^ A. M. Cirrus. 


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1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



63 





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Nimbus. Snow 9^- A. M. 

R. 9 A. M. Snow 10 to 5 P.M., 4 inch. 

Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. 

Nimbus, Snow 9i A. M., ^ inch. 

Cirrus. Cumulus. Cirro-stratus. 

Cirro-strati;s. 

Cirro-stratus. R. 10 P. M. interrupted. 

Nimbus. Sh. 4^ P. M. Aurora 8. P. M. 

Stratus. Cirrus. 

Cirr. cum. Stratus. Blue birds. 

Nimbus. Rain 11^ P. M. Robins. 

Nimbus. R. 3J P. M., interrupted. 

Nimbus. Cir.-strat. R. ended 8 A. M. 

Stratus. 

Cum. -stratus. Snow 8J P. M. 

Snow ended 4 P. M., 5 inches. 

Stratus. Cirro-stratus. 

Cirrus. 

Cirro-cum. Snow 5^ P. M., 2 inches. 

Cirro-stratus. Snow ended 12^ A. M. 

Rain and snow 9^ A. M to 8 P. M. 

Cirro-cumulus. Snow 10^ P. M. 

Snow ended 7^ A. M., 6 inches. 

Cirrus. Nimbus. Black birds. 

Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. Puss willow. 

Cirrus. 

Cirro-stratus. R. 4^ P. M. 

Cirrus. Snow 5^. P. M. 

Nimbus. Hail 11 A. M. Rain 4i P. M. 


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64 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 





03 

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Rain ended 4 A. M. Larks appeared. 

Cir.-cum. St. 11. 3 P. M. Snow 5 to 6 

Cirro-stratus. [P. M. 

Cirro-cumulus. Stratus. 

Rain 9^ P. M. [2^ to 5 P. M. 

Snow ended 9i A. M. 11 inches. Rain 

Cirro-stratus. 

Cirrus. Stratus. 

Cirro-stratus. 

Cirro-stratus. 

Viola tricolor in bloom. [Snow 9 P. M. 

Cirro-strat. Nimb. Rain 2 P. M. Hail, 

Sn.end. 6 P. M.,12in. Epi^Eea repens. 

Cir.-st. R. 9 P. M. Daphne mezereon. 

Rain ended 1 1 P. M. 

Snow 5^ A. M. 

Cirro-stratus. Frogs peeped. 

Rain 6 A. M., moderate. 

Nimbus. 

Nimbus. 

Nimbus. 

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Cirro-stratus. Daffodils. 

Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. Liverwort. 

Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. Rain 12 M. 

Rain ended 4 A. M. Cir.-cum. St. Red 

Cirro-stratus. Cumulus. [maple. 

Cirro-stratus. Cirrus. 


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1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 





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CiiTO-strat. Shower 74- P. M. Anemone. 
Cum.-strat. R. 4 to 7^ A. M. Saxifrage. 
Sanguinaria. Dandelion. 
Cirro-stratus. Hyacinth. Orioles. 
Cirro-stratus. 
Cirrus. 

Barn-swallows. [rial. 
Dry haze. Violet. Cinquefoil. C. Impe- 
Sh. 5| P. M. Rainbow. Cherry tree. 
R. 9^ A. M. Perri winkle. Shad bush. 
Cirrus. Whip-poor-wills. Plum & P'ch t. 
R. 7^ A. M Moderate. Blueberry. 
Nimbus. Moss Pink. Common Currant. 
R. ended X^h A. M. Sh. 7^ P. M. Tulip. 
Fog dense R. 8| A. M. Plumming birds. 
Cum. Stratus. 
Cum. Stratus. Apple-tree. 
Bob-o-link. Flowering Almond. 

Rain 2^ A. M. 

Cirro-stratus. Solar halo. Kingbirds. 

Cir.-st. Cir.-cum. Solar halo 11 A. M. 

Cirrus. _D. Haze. Twinb«rry. Lilacs. 

Calycanthus. 

Cirrus. 

Rain 11 to 9. A. M. 

Cirrus. Cirro-cumulus, 

Fog. Cirrus. 

Cirro-stratus. 

Cirrus. 


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1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



67 





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Cirrus. 

Cirrus. Cumulus. 

Cirrus. 

Cirrus. Heat lightning 9 P. M. 

Cirrus. Stratus. 

Cirrus. 

Cirrus. 

Fog dense. Cir. Cum. 

Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. Cum. 

Cirro-stratus. Cir. Cum. Strat. 

Fog. Cirro-cum. Cir. R. 3} P. M. to 4. 

Cirro-stratus. Cirrus. [Rain 9 P. M. 

Dry Haze. Cirro-stratus. 

Nimbus. R. 7 i A. M. to 12 M. Mod. 

Stratus. Cirrus. 
Cirrus. 

Cirrus. Cumulus. 
Cirrus. Cuuiulus. 
Cirrus. 

Cirrus. Cumulus. 

Cirro-stratus. Nimbus. R. 7| A. M to 
[3J P. M. 
[P. M. Heat lightning 9 P. M. 
Fon- dense. Cirro-stratus. Shower \\\ 
Fog. Cir. Sh. 6^ P. M., & 9 to lOA P. M. 
Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. 

Prevailing Winds, N., S., W., X. W., N. E., 

S.W.S. E. 


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Cirrus. 

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Rain 12| P. M. 

Nimbus. 

Rain ended 6 A. M. Shower 6 P. M. 

Cirrus. Rain G P. M., moderate. 

Nimbus. 

Nimbus. 

Rain ended A. M. 






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SENATE— No. 1. 



69 







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Cirrus. 

Cirrus. Fog. 

Fog progressive. Cirrus. Stratus. 

Cirro-cumulus. Dry haze. R. 4 P. M, 

Nimbus. [Moderate. Interrupted. 

Nimbus. Cirrus. Rain ended P. M. 

Cirrus. 

Cirrus. 

Rain 1 A. M. to 3^ P. M. 

Cirrus. Aurora 9 P. M. 

Aurora moderate. Frost. 

Cirrus. 

Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. 

Cirrus. Cumulus. Cirrus. 

Fog progressive. Cirrus. 

Cirrus, 

Cirrus. 

Cirro-stratus. Cirrus. Cumulus. 

Cirro-stratus. 

Nimbus. Cirrus. Rain 3| A. M. 

Rain 81 P. M. 

Rain ended 4 A. M. Cir-strat. Cir-cum. 

Stratus. Cirrus. Cumulus. Rain lA A. 

Frost. [M. to 3 AfM. 


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70 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 





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Cirro-stratus. Frost. Ice J inch. 

Cirrus. 

Cirrus. 

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Cirro-stratus. 

Cirro-stratus. Rain P. M. 

Rain 11 P. M. 

Snow 7i A. M. to 9 A. M. R. ended 10 

Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. [A. M. Cir-strat. 

Cirro-stratus. Nimbus. 

Fog progressive. Cir-st. Sh. St. 10 P. M. 

Cirrus. 

Cirro-stratus. Cirrus. 

Cirrus. 

Cirro-stratus. Cirrus. 

Lunar halo. 

Cirro-stratus. Cirrus. 

Cirro-stratus. 

Cirro-stratus. 

Nimbus. Rain 12^ A. M. 

Nimbus. 

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1853.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



71 





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Nimbus. 

Nimbus. Cirro-stratus. Sh. St. 8 P. M. 

Stratus. Cirrus. 

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Stratus. Cirro-stratus. Rain 7- P. M. 

Nimbus. Rain 1 P. M. 

Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. 

Cirro-stratus. 

Nimbus. Snow 12 to 4 A. M. 

Stratus. Cirro-stratus. [Sh. 5| P. M. 

Cirro-stratus. R. H A. M. to 3^ P. M. 

Strat. Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. 

Cirro-stratus. Sno+v 10 A. M. Stratus. 

Cirro-cumulus. Stratus. Cirrus. 

Cirrus. Cirro-stratus. 

Cirro-stratus. Cirrus. 

Cirro-stratus. 

Cirro-stratus. 

Cirro-stratus. Cirrus. 

[Sleet. 
Stratus. Cirro-stratus. Snow 10 P. M. 
Snow 4 inches. Rain ended 1^ P. M. 

Cirro-stratus. 
Cirro-stratus. Nimbus. 
Rain ended 11 A. M. 
Cirrus. Cumulus. Stratus. 
Cirro-stratus. Cirrus. 
Stratus. Cirrus. 

Prevailing Winds, N., S., W., N-E., N. W., 
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1853.] 



SENATE No.— 1. 






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OFFICEES. 



BO ARD OF TRUSTEES. 

E. H.^ KELLOGG, President, Pittsfield. 

J. S. C. KNOWLTON, Worcester, 

FOSTER HOOPER, Fall River. 

SAMUEL G. HOWE, Boston. 

REJOICE NEWTON, Secretary, Worcester. 



TREASURER. 

SAMUEL JENNISON, Worcester. 

OFFICE AT THE SAVIKGS BANK, FOSTEE STREET. 



RESJDENT OFFICERS. 



Superintendent. 
Chaplain. 
Assistant Physician. 



GEORGE CHANDLER, 

GEORGE ALLEN, 

JOHN R. LEE, 

MERRICK BEMIS, 

THOMAS HILL, Steward. 

Miss ELIZABETH A.REID, Matron. 

JOHN T. MIRICK, Supervisor 

Mrs. PHEBE S. MIRICK, 

EDWARD A. SMITH, Clerk. 



,^Pr2 5'39W.P,A.