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Full text of "Annual report of the trustees of the State Lunatic Hospital at Worcester"

A 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

University of Massachusetts Amherst 



http://www.archive.org/details/annualreportoftr21stat 



SENATE No. 1. 



TWENTY-THIRD 



ANNUAL REPORT 



THE TRUSTEES 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL 



AT WORCESTER. 



DECEMBER, 1855. 



BOSTON: 

WILLIAM WHITE, PRINTER TO THE STATE. 
18 5 6. 



OFFICERS OF THE HOSPITAL. 



TRUSTEES 



REJOICE NEWTON, President, 
LINUS CHILD, Secretary, . 
CHARLES H. STEDMAN, 
WILLIAM T. MERRIFIELD, 
THOMAS COLT, 



. Worcester. 
. Lowell. 
. Boston. 

Worcester. 
. Pittsfield. 



TREASURER 



SAMUEL JENNISON, .... Worcester. 

Office — Savings Bank, Fostkr Street. 



RESIDENT OFFICERS. 



GEORGE CHANDLER, M. D., 
GEORGE ALLEN, 
MERRICK BEMIS, M. D., . 

EDWARD A. SMITH, M. D., 

ELIZABETH A. REID, 
JOHN T. MIRICK, . 
PHEBE S. MIRICK, . 



Superintendent. 

Chaplain. 

Assistant Physician. 

Assistant Physician 
and Steward. 

Matron. 

Supervisor. 



TWENTY-THIKD ANNUAL REPORT 



TRUSTEES OF THE STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL, 



AT WORCESTER. 



185 5. 



To His Excellency the Governor and the Honorable Council 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts : — 

The Trustees of the State Lunatic Hospital at Worcester, in 
compliance with the statute in such case provided, make their 
Twenty-third Annual Report. 

For a particular account of the internal management, and 
the number and health of the patients, the Trustees refer to the 
full and luminous statement of the Superintendent, herewith 
transmitted. 

It having become a settled fact early in the year, that the 
State would soon erect another hospital in the western part of 
the Commonwealth, and that ours must remain for a number 
of years with only such improvements as could be made with 
the means within the control of the Trustees, they have spent 
much time in devising the best mode of expending the funds 
in the hands of their Treasurer, which have grown out of small 
balances of accounts from year to year. 

The Trustees first made two bowling alleys in the basement 
of the south end of the building. These have been a source of 
great amusement, and some improvement in health to many ; 
especially when the weather was such as to prevent exercise 
abroad. 



6 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

From an examination of several hospitals, and other institu- 
tions for the insane, and by inquiries of superintendents, the 
Trustees became satisfied that strong rooms, enclosed by brick 
walls and iron gratings, ought but rarely, if ever, to be used, 
and were dangerous temptations to the officers of such institu- 
tions, as a mode of avoiding trouble from violent patients. 
There were thirty-six such rooms in this Hospital — twenty-four 
of which the Trustees have caused to be removed, and in their 
places have been made four large, airy, and handsome parlors 
or sitting-rooms, finished in a plain but neat style, and com- 
manding extensive views abroad, where the better part of the 
patients can sit quietly and read or amuse themselves. The 
six strong rooms remaining in the female department have none 
of them been occupied during the summer, and those in the 
male department but rarely. That strong rooms are not often 
necessary, is proved by the fact, that, in the female department, 
two small girls of nineteen and twenty years of age, have the 
superintendence of about a dozen of the most excited patients, 
and by their resolution and kindness keep them under entire 
restraint. 

The barn on the premises, one hundred feet long and forty 
feet wide, with high posts, stood within forty feet of the main 
buildings, greatly exposing them to fire. The piggeries, cal- 
culated for the accommodation of one hundred swine, were 
within about the same distance ; in warm weather no care 
could prevent their becoming a great nuisance. They are all 
removed to a distance of about twenty rods from the main 
building, where they are much more commodiously situated 
than before, and they leave the grounds immediately in the rear 
of the Hospital in a situation to be easily made nearly as 
ornamental as they are in front. 

The halls in the original building, and in most of the addi- 
tions which have been made from time to time, were long, 
narrow, without recesses, and generally dark and gloomy. To 
remedy these evils, as far as possible, we have, in all the 
halls, caused recesses to be made on the sides affording the 
best light, by taking away the partitions between two 
rooms, and between the rooms and the hall, and throwing an 
arch over the front to sustain the halls above. These 
recesses are sixteen feet wide, with two windows in each. 



1856.] SENATE— No. 1. 7 

They make the halls comfortably light, and are much occupied 
by the patients. To partially compensate for the loss of these 
rooms for lodgings, and to provide associated dormitories for 
suicidal patients, and those who are afraid to sleep in a room 
alone, we have caused partitions to be taken out between two 
rooms in each hall, and have placed three beds in each of the 
rooms so enlarged. 

The before-mentioned improvements are valuable, compared 
with the expense of them, if pure air, and the comforts and 
cheerfulness of patients have a tendency to hasten their 
recovery. 

Another more important and more expensive improvement 
has been commenced, and considerable progress has been made 
in it — that of warming the building by steam, and forcing 
ventilation by mechanical power ; much in the manner adopted 
in the hospital at Utica, New York, but with some improve- 
ments which the construction of their building did not admit 
of. Fortunately, our buildings have all been constructed with 
flues in the walls, by means of which hot or cold air, as the 
temperature of the weather may require, can be forced into 
every hall. This will enable us to warm all the air in one 
large air chamber, and to distribute it as needed in the different 
apartments. We have much confidence in the success of the 
plan adopted, and hope we shall be able to carry it through 
with the funds in our treasury ; and we feel the more confi- 
dence that we shall be justified in the undertaking, even if we 
should find it necessary to call on the legislature for a small sum 
of money when the whole shall be completed, from the fact that 
a new hospital is soon to be erected in the western part of the 
State, and if our plan should prove successful, it will enable the 
committee having that building in charge, so to construct it as 
to avoid all danger of being under the necessity of making 
alterations. The experiment (if experiment it is) can be tried 
with much less hazard here than in a new building. Another 
important feature attending this improvement, grows out of the 
present arrangements for cooking, and our exposure to fire. 
When the original building was erected, a kitchen and 
apparatus for cooking, sufficient for the patients who could be 
accommodated in it, were provided. There have since been 
added, at different times, four wings, with a kitchen to each of 



8 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

them — making five separate kitchens, with their several accom- 
modations for cooking — thus occasioning a great waste of fuel 
and labor, and additional exposure to fire. 

We have so located the preparations for warming and venti- 
lation, that a kitchen may be erected in the rear of the centre 
building sufficiently large for the whole establishment, and in 
which the cooking can be principally done by the same steam 
which warms the halls. This would greatly reduce the amount 
of fuel now consumed, and would remove all the fires from the 
main buildings. This, with the improvements now in progress, 
the Trustees are confident would render the existing Hospital 
as safe and convenient as the construction of the buildings will 
admit of — and they hope, satisfactory to the community. But 
they have not the means of carrying out this suggestion, and 
must leave it to the discretion of the legislature. 

The Trustees, in closing their Report, regret to be under the 
necessity of stating that Doctor Chandler, who, for the last ten 
years, has discharged the arduous and difficult duties of Super- 
intendent of the Hospital, has come to the conclusion to retire 
from the institution. We avail ourselves of this occasion to 
bear testimony to the fidelity and signal ability with which 
Doctor Chandler has discharged the duties of his position, and 
to the great success which has attended his labors during the 
whole peried of his superintendence ; and we cannot but regret 
that the institution is to be deprived of the benefits of his care, 
skill and ripe experience in a most interesting department of 
medical science. Doctor Chandler's resignation was presented 
on the first of October, but to take effect on the first of April 
next. 

The Trustees have appointed Doctor Merrick Bemis, who 
lias been a physician in the Hospital during the last eight years, 
to be the successor of Doctor Chandler. 

REJOICE NEWTON. 
LINUS CHILD. 
CHARLES H. STEDMAN. 
WILLIAM T. MERRIFIELD. 
THOMAS COLT. 

Worcester, December, 1855. 



1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



TREASURER'S REPORT. 



To the Trustees of the State Lunatic Hospital 



The Treasurer reports : — 

That the balance of cash in his hands on the 30th 
November, 1854, was, 

Since which time he has received — 

From the Commonwealth, for support of Paupers, 

From cities, towns and individuals, for support 
of patients of various classes, 

From the Steward, for articles sold, . 

From the Massachusetts Cotton Mills, in part pay- 
ment of a note of $15,000, .... 

For interest, ....... 

Cash due the Worcester Bank, . 

Balance of cash account due the Treasurer, 



$7,129 97 



14,305 11 



26,082 50 


241 


37 


5,000 


00 


955 


45 


1,848 


41 


610 


82 


$56,173 


63 



And that during the year ending November 30, 1855, he has 
paid on the Steward's orders, for expenditures, as follows : — 



For Salaries, Wages and Labor, 
Improvements and Repairs, 
Furniture, . 
Clothing, 

Flour, 400 barrels, 
Meal, 206 bushels, 
Biscuit, Rice, 2,817 pounds 

2 



),322 94 



7,074 79 


1,017 25 


1,143 82 


4,668 49 


264 78 


439 17 



10 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



Coffee, 8,592 pounds, $457 91 

Tea, 1,479 do 497 40 

Sugar, 23,097 do 1,998 99 

Molasses, 893 gallons ; Syrup, 85 gallons, . 251 18 

Small Groceries, ..... 156 50 

Butter, 13,659 pounds, .... 2,820 71 

Cheese, 1,054 do 112 64 

Potatoes, 1,142 bushels, .... 761 76 

Fresh Fruits and Vegetables, . . . 470 83 
Meat, fresh, 29,007 pounds ; Tripe, 675 do ; 

Poultry, 1,417 do 2,903 91 

Meat, salt Beef, 2,339 pounds ; Hams, 437 do 1,838 59 
Fish, salt, 4,700 pounds; Mackerel, 1,700 

do ; fresh Fish, 2,003 do ; Lobsters, 356 do 441 70 

Vinegar, 584 gallons, 70 34 

Fuel, 203 cords Wood ; 33 do Charcoal ; 702 

* tons Hard Coal, . . .' . ,. 5,802 64 

Gas Light, 119,700 feet ; Oil 190 gallons, . 569 39 

Soap, Starch, and Potash, . ., . 159 94 

Provender, 1,200 bushels, .... 1,217 95 

Medical supplies, 279 74 

Freight, . ■ 58 33 

Trustees' expenses, ..... 275 80 

Sexton's charges, 137 50 

Stationery, Books, &c, . . . . 359 44 

Live Stock, 135 43 

Miscellaneous expenses, . . . . 776 83 



And on account of improvements in 

warming and ventilation, . 
Treasurer's salary and expenses, . ' . 

Cash in the hands of the Steward, 
Cash in the hands of John Wright, Esq., 
on account of improvements, . 



$ 


46,486 69 


$8,411 69 




588 00 






8,999 69 


$187 25 


500 00 






687 25 







$56,173 63 



1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



STATE OP THE HOSPITAL FUND. 

Amount due for support of patients, Nov. 80 

1855, estimated at . 
Note of Massachusetts Cotton Mills, . 
Bond'of Worcester and Nashua Railroad Co., 
Due from the Steward, . . . . 
Due from John Wright, Esq., 



$36,852 80 

10,000 00 

500 00 

187 25 

500 00 

$48,040 05 



Cash due the Worcester Bank, 
Cash due the Treasurer, 
Balance, .... 



$1,848 41 
610 82 

45,580 82 



$48,040 05 



Respectfully submitted, by 

. SAMUEL JENNISON, Treasurer. 
Eecember 11, 1855. 



The subscribers have examined the foregoing account and 
find the same correctly cast, and properly vouched. 

REJOICE NEWTON. 
WM. T. MERRIPIELD. 



1856.] SENATE— No. 1, 13 



SUPERINTENDENTS REPORT. 



Twenty-third Annual Report of the Superintendent to the. 
Trustees of the State Lunatic Hospital. 

Gentlemen : — This is the tenth time I have had the honor of 
detailing to you the yearly transactions of this institution. 
Although the daily routine of duties and events branches off 
into various departments, there is a great sameness in the 
general aspect of hospital life from year to year. 

In review, the first feature in our history of the past year 
that presents itself, is the very great preservation of our large 
family from serious accidents and wasting sicknesses. For this 
great immunity, we are ever ready to acknowledge the protect- 
ing hand above us that aids us in all our efforts for good. 

The great alterations that were commenced in the summer, 
for a more efficient and healthful mode of heating and ventilat- 
ing, has necessarily increased our cares and our duties, and 
has interfered to a considerable extent, with the out-door liberty 
we could give our inmates. But it has been cheerfully sub- 
mitted to in the anticipation of the luxury it would give us, 
when completed, of being fanned by it in winter with fresh 
warm air, and in summer with cool air. This arrangement for 
heating this hospital will also, I trust, tend to allay the appre- 
hensions of those in charge of the institution of a great share 
of the danger of being consumed by fire. On this subject our 
fears have often been keenly alive ; the danger of fire has been 
our greatest source of anxiety in the winter months. The 
new method of heating will remove all furnaces and stoves 
from the building ; the boiler fires are to be under ground and 
fifty feet from any part of the hospital. Danger of fire from 
fchem can hardly be apprehended. When all the kitchens shall 



14 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

be merged in a new one, as has been suggested, in the rear of 
the centre building, all fires will be removed from such parts of 
the hospital as shall bo occupied by the patients. The kitchen 
and bakery will require an anthracite fire each. Steam can be 
made to do much of the cooking and all of the heating of water 
for baths. 

The alterations commenced last spring, of making a parlor 
in each ward, have been nearly completed. These parlors add 
much to the cheerfulness of the wards. This change in the 
wards was often talked about by my predecessor, twenty years 
ago. In the old part of the hospital, the parlors have been made 
in the same place and in the same way he contemplated. But 
the obstacle in the way of its being accomplished then, was that 
the hospital was crowded and the room could not, in his view, be 
spared. These parlors or recesses, made on the sunny side of 
the galleries, and midway, by removing the partitions in front 
of and between two adjoining dormitories, let in light and air, 
and make a cosy nook for the inhabitants of each ward to assem- 
ble in. 

In the two upper stories, where there were rooms for the 
noisy and violent, the partitions have been taken out, and now 
four spacious rooms are finished off. They will serve for sit- 
ting-rooms, parlors for the adjoining wards or work-rooms, or 
for associated dormitories, if the hospital should again be 
excessively crowded. Although we have had on the average 
about fifty patients more than our present accommodations are 
fitted for, we do not feel the pressure, because it was but a little 
while ago that we had an excess of more than two hundred and 
fifty. When we were so badly crowded we felt obliged to 
occupy every nook and corner of the hospital — the strong 
rooms even. "With a surplus of only fifty, we get along with- 
out using our strong rooms much — none for the past year on 
the female side of the house. 

The use of the strong rooms on the male side has been con- 
fined to a few patients. The two who have occupied them 
most, were brought to us almost directly from other hospitals 
from which they had been ejected. Their personal habits are 
so noisome, and their mental capacity so limited, that efforts to 
improve their condition avail so little, we have felt compelled 
to seclude them in these rooms for the good of others and their 



1856.] SENATE— No. 1. 15 

own good too. Other patients have been in these rooms to the 
amount of one per cent, of our male patients. 

The barn and piggery have been moved into the east garden, 
as you very well know, by your direction, and by the superin- 
tendence of some of your Board. They have been put in 
order ; the barn Sets up seven feet from the ground, which 
affords a shelter for the cows and gives room for a deep cellar 
for vegetables. These buildings are now beyond the reach of 
offence to the inmates of the hospital. 



16 



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1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



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1856.] SENATE— No. 1. 31 



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32 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



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1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



33 



TABLE 1, 

Showing the Admissions from each County the last and previous 

years. 





.1855. 


Previously. 


Total. 


Barnstable, . 


. Males, 

. Females, . 



1— 


1 


120 


121 


Berkshire, 

u 


. Males, 

. Females, . 


5 
2— 


7 


153 


160 


Bristol, 

u 


. Males, 

. Females, . 



1— 


1 


280 


281 


Dukes, 


.. Males, 

. Females, . 




0— 





19 


19 


Essex, 

(C 


. Males, 

. Females, . 


13 
10— 


29 


569 


598 


Franklin, 

IC 


. Males, 

. Females, . 


1 
1— 


2 


108 


110 


Hampden, 


Males, 
. Females, 


7 
13— 


20 


252 


272 


Hampshire, 


Males, 
. Females, 


6 
1— 


7 


188 


195 


Middlesex, 


. Males, 
. Females, 


17 
17— 


34 


5G2 


596 


Nantucket, 


. Males, 
. Females, 



0— 





31 


31 


Norfolk, 


. Males, 
. Females, 



2— 


2 


557 


559 


Plymouth, 

u 


. Males, 
. Females, 


2 

2— 


3 


222 


226 


Suffolk, 


. Males, 
. Females, 


5 

. 7— 


12 


527 


539 


Worcester, 

u 


. Males, 
. Females, 


. 30 
50— 


80 


1,159 


1,239 


Other States 


, . . Males, 
. Females, 


. 
. 0— 





10 


10 




199 


4,757 


4,956 



34 STATE LUTANIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

This table more fully illustrates the fact that the inhabitants 
of the State nearest to hospitals, avail themselves of their privi- 
lege of sending their insane to these institutions, in a very 
much greater proportion than those do who live more remote. 
The admissions here from the county in 'which it is situated, are 
about one hundred per cent, greater than they are from the 
same number of people in the western counties, although the 
habits of life, the liability to insanity, and the means of sup- 
port are very similar. The crowded residence of the cities and 
the hazardous employments of the sea-faring people undoubt- 
edly tend to the increase of insanity. A few have come to us 
the past year, from the south-eastern counties. They were 
mostly those who had been in this institution at some former 
period, and preferred coming here. 



1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



35 



TABLE 2, 

Showing the Admissions and State of the Hospital, from Nov. 
30, 1854, to Dec. 1, 1855. 



Persons in the Hospital, December 
1, 1854, . . .381 

Males, . . 193 

Females, . .188 

Patients admitted in the course of 
the year, . . .199 

' Males, . . 86 

Females, . .113 

Whole number in the Hospital in 
the course of the year, . 580 
Males, . . 279 

Females, . . 301 

Patients remaining in the Hospi- 
tal Nov. 30, 1855, . . 836 
Males, . . 168 
Females, . . 168 



Of the admissions, there were 
cases of less duration than one 
year, . . .72 

Males, . . 27 

Females, . . 45 

Of the admissions, there were 
cases of one year or more, . 72 
Males, . . 33 

Females, . . 39 

Cases the duration of whose in- 
sanity before admission not as- 
certained, . . .55 
Males, . . 26 
Females, . . 29 



Patients committed by the Courts, 160 
Males, . . 74 

Females, . . 86 



Committed by Overseers, 

Males, . .10 

Females, . . 26 



36 



Committed on the warrant of the 
Governor, . 
Males, . . 2 

Females, . . 1 



Foreigners and those who have no 

legal settlement in this State, 

admitted during the year, . 

Males, . . 22 

Females, . . 36 

Foreigners and those having no 

legal settlement in this State, 

discharged during the year, 

Males, . . 36 

Females, . . 58 



58 



94 



Those having no legal settlement 
in this State, remaining in the 
Hospital Nov. 30, 1855, . 115 

Males, . . 56 

Females, . . 59 



State Paupers remaining in the Hos- 
pital at the end of each year, as 
near as can be ascertained : — 



1842, 


34 


1843, 


38 


1844, 


38 


1845, 


57 


1846, 


52 


1847, 


121 


1848, 


150 


1849, 


167 


1850, 


181 


1851, 


208 


1852, 


241 


1853, 


216 


1854, 


151 


1855, 


115 



36 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



Continuation op TABLE 2. 
Irish. 



1 


1846. 


1847. 


1848. 


1849. 


1850. 


1851. 


1852. 


1853. 


1854. 


1855. 






M 

GO 

A 

5s 


o 

EH 


•A 

A 
o 

'A 


o 


cs 


"3 

o 


<D 

oa 
o 
H 


o 

H 


■A 
w 

A 
03 

w 


o 

EH 


H 

X 

A 

a 


"3 
o 

H 


•A 

A 

o 


o 

EH 


CO 

W| Eh 


3D 

.a 


si 
o 

H 


02 

A 
o 

M 


~3 

o 


Total. 


Admissions : 










































Recent Cases, 


- 


13 


- 


8 


_ 


16 


-24 


- 


18 


- 


16 


-30 


-34 


-46 


-21 


226 


Males, 


6 


- 


2 


- 


9 


- 


12 


- 


7 


- 


5 


- 


6 


- 


8 - 


10 


- 


8 


- 


- 


Females, 


7 


- 


6 


- 


7 


- 


12 


- 


11 


- 


11 


- 


24 


- 


26 


- 


36 


- 


13 


- 


- 


Chronic Cases, 


_ 


1 


_ 


15 


_ 


5 


_ 


12 


_ 


11 


_ 


14 


_ 


17 


_ 


17 


_ 


26 


_ 


7 


125 


Males, 


1 


_ 


6 - 


3 


- 


4 


- 


2 


- 


6 


- 


8 


- 


3 - 


7 


- 


2 


- 


- 


Females, 


- 


9 - 


2 - 


8 


- 


9 


- 


8 


- 


9 


- 


14J - 


19 


- 


5 


- 


- 


Duration of In- 












































sanity Un- 












































known, 


- 


11 


- 


15 


_ 


11 


- 


10 


- 


19 


- 


19 


- 


22 


- 


20 


-24 


- 


15 


166 


Males, 


7 


- 


9 


- 


6 


- 


5 


- 


14 


- 


9 


- 


10 


- 


6 


- 


6 - 


7 


- 


- 


Females, 


4 


- 


6 


- 


5 


- 


5 


- 


5 


- 


10 


- 


12 


-14 


- 


18 - 


8 


- 


- 


Totals, 




25 




38 




32 




46 




48 




49 




69 




71 




96 


43 




517 


Discharged 










































Recovered, 




6 




13 - 


13 


_ 


16 




21 


- 


17 


- 


19 


- 


32 


-3L J 


- 


20 


190 


Males, 


3 




9 




9 


_ 


10 


- 


9 




3 


- 


6| -10 


- 


10 


- 


8 


- 


- 


Females, 


3 




4 




4 


- 


6 


- 


12 




14 


- 


13 


-122 


- 


23 


- 


12 


- 


- 


Died, 




4 




2 


_ 


5 


_ 


4 




11 


_ 


4 


_ 


12 - 


12 


_ 


9 


_ 


6 


69 


Males, 


2 


- 


- 




1 


- 


1 


- 


5 




2 


- 


5 


-|3 


- 


4 


- 


4 


- 


- 


Females, 


2 


- 


2 


- 


4 


- 


3 


- 


6 




2 


- 


7 




9 




5 


- 


2 


- 


- 


Otherwise, 


_ 


2 


_ 


2 


_ 


3 


_ 


9 




3 


_ 


6 


_ 


25 




22 


_ 


83 


_ 


34 


189 


Males, 


1 


_ 


_ 


_ 


1 - 


4 


- 




- 


5 


- 


9 




2 


-32 




8 


- 


- 


Females, 


1 


- 


2 


- 


2 - 


5 


- 


3 




1 


-16 




20 


J S1 


- 


26 


- 


- 


Totals, 


12 




17 


21 

I 




29 




35 




27 




56 




66 2560 




448 


Inc 


rease 


in ten years, ..... 


69 



1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



3T 



TABLE 3, 

Showing the number of Discharges and Deaths, and the condi- 
tion of those who left the Hospital, from November 30, 1854, 
to December 1, 1855. 





03 










Incurable 


Incurable 
















Improv'd 


and 


and dan- 


Deaths. 






a 

6 










harmless. 


gerous. 










m 




H 




m" 




« 




M 












CO 




02 




CO 




m 




CO 








o 




A 




A 




45 


« 


fS 




■d 


« 


































fe 














o 










o 




h 


W 


EH 


M 


EH H 


H 


W 


H 


W 


EH 


H 


Patients discharged, 




244 




109 


_ 


26 




71 




11 




27 




Males, 


111 


- 


50 


- 


12 


- 


31 


- 


5 


- 


Vt 


- 


111 


Females, . 


133 


- 


59 


- 


14 


- 


40 


- 


6 


- 


14 


- 


133 


Recent cases — less than 




























one yr. — discharged, 


- 


83 


- 


77 


- 


2 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


4 


- 


Males, 


41 


- 


38 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


- 


41 


Females, . 


42 


- 


39 


- 


1 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


- 


42 


Chronic cases — one yr. 




























or more — discharged, . 


- 


131 


- 


24 


- 


21 


- 


57 


- 


9 


- 


20 


- 


Males, 


60 


- 


9 


- 


10 


- 


27 


- 


4 


- 


10 


- 


60 


Females, „ 


71 


"I 


15 


- 


11 


- 


30 


- 


5 


- 


10 


- 


71 


Patients discharged, the 




l 
























duration of whose in- 




























sanity not ascertained, 


_ 


30 


- 


8 


- 


3 


- 


14 


- 


2 


- 


3 


- 


Males, 


10 


1 


3 


- 


1 


- 


4 


- 


1 


- 


1 


_ 


10 


Females, . 


20 


- 


5 


- 


2 


- 


10 


- 


1 


- 


2 


- 


20 


Totals, . 


244 




109 




26 




71 




11 




27 







38 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



TABLE 4, 

Showing the number of Admissions and Discharges and the 
average number in the Hospital each month in the year. 





Monthly Av- 
erage. 


Admissions. 


Discharges. 


December, 1854, 


375 


12 


23 


January, 16 

February, 

March, 


55, 






362 
356 
357 


18 
13 
22 


33 
11 
24 


April, 
May, 
June, 








355 
354 
340 


20 
11 
14 


19 

22 
20 


July, 
August, 








337 
336 


20 
16 


24 
13 


September, 

October, 

November, 








340 
340 
336 


20 
15 

18 


16 
22 
17 


Average for 


the year, 


• 


• 


349 


199 


244 



1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



39 



TABLE 5. 

Shoiving the whole number of Residents during the year, the 
average number each year, the number at the end of each year, 
and the Expense of each of the twenty-three years the Hospital 
has been in operation. 





Whole No of 


Average No. 


No. at the end 


Current expenses 


Annual Expenses 


The year. 


residents dur- 
ing the year. 


each year. 


of each year. 


each year. 


per patient. 


1833 


153 


107 


114 


$12,272 91 


$114 67 


1834 


233 


117 


118 


15,840 27 


135 38 


1835 


241 


120 


119 


16,576 44 


137 30 


1836 


245 


127 


138 


21,395 28 


168 44 


1837 


306 


163 


185 


26,027 07 


159 64 


1838 


362 


211 


218 


28,739 40 


136 20 


1839 


397 


223 


229 


29,474 41 


132 16 


1840 


391 


229 


236 


27,844 98 


121 59 


1841 


399 


233 


232 


28,847 62 


123 81 


1842 


430 


238 


238 


27.546 87 


111 12 


1843 


458 


244 


255 


27,914 12 


114 40 


1844 


491 


261 


263 


29,278 75 


112 17 


1845 


656 


316 


360 


43,888 65 


138 88 


1846 


637 


359 


367 


39,870 37 


111 06 


1847 


607 


377 


394 


39,444 47 


104 62 


1848 


655 


404 


409 


42,860 05 


106 09 


1849 


682 


420 


429 


40,870 86 


97 31 


1850 


670 


440 


441 


46,776 13 


106 40 


1851 


704 


462 


466 


52,485 33 


112 61 


1852 


775 


515 


532 


43,878 35 


85 20 


1853 


820 


537 


520 


53,636 66 


103 14 


1854 


819 


430 


381 


53.221 52 


123 77 


1855 


580 


349 


336 


54,895 88 


157 29 



As appearances here now indicate that a change in the cur- 
rent of the finances is taking place, in consequence of the very 
great expenditure of money for the improvement going 
on, it may be well to state, for the encouragement of those 
who shall soon take our places, the prosperity of the institution 
in this respect, the last nine years. Ten years ago the Treas- 
urer reported that " there had been paid out the sum of 
$10,181.02, which is to be met by receipts subsequent to Dec. 
1st, 1845, and the current expenses of the hospital are to be 
paid from the same source." That debt of $10,000 was a 
source of much anxiety to the Trustees when the superintend- 



40 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

ency of the Hospital devolved upon the writer. But, as the 
institution was full of patients, and the price of their support 
was at a high point — $2.50 per week — the way to extricate 
ourselves seemed obvious — to practice a little economy, and 
to lop off any useless expenditure. Two of the seven kitchens 
were soon broken up, their fires went out, and their cooks 
ceased to draw pay. More than $500 per annum was saved 
to the institution, and no patient was affected by the change. 
Recently two more kitchens have been closed, by which six or 
eight fires have gone out, and their cooks ceased to draw pay ; 
and with very little trouble the boarders are provided for 
elsewhere. At least $1,000 will be saved by this last closing 
up of kitchens, annually. Economy demands that there should 
be only one kitchen in this Hospital. It is but a little more 
labor to prepare, and it takes but a little more fuel to boil, a 
peck of potatoes, than it does half a peck. By strict economy, 
the debt was soon paid off, and a surplus began to accumulate, 
although the price of board was three times lessened by direction 
of your Board. It was our intention to infringe upon the comforts 
of the patients in no particular, but in many ways, as may be 
seen by my former reports, we have added many conveniences 
for their happiness, and have increased the value of this 
establishment, as may be supposed, by our after paying 
The debt of . . . . ' . . . $10,181 02 
Expending for improvements and repairs, and in 

land, in ten years, more than . . . . 43,000 00 
We have on hand a balance of . . . . 7,557 27 



),738 29 

The item of expenditure for " improvements and repairs," in 
institutions of this kind, when they are kept up with the spirit 
of the age, will always be large. But nothing like that we have 
expended here the last nine years. 



1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



41 



TABLE 6. 



Showing- the Causes of Insanity, and the circumstances connected 
with the Causes and Predisposition to Insanity the last and 
previous years, as reported to us by their friends. 





1855. 


Previously. 


Ill health, .... 


21 


605 


Intemperance, 








5 


388 


Domestic affliction, . 








5 


372 


Religion, 








7 


285 


Masturbation, 








6 


219 


Property, 








2 


198 


Disappointed affection, 








3 


116 


Disappointed ambition, 








1 


39 


Epilepsy, 








4 


127 


Puerperal, 








6 


147 


Wound on the head, . 








2 


52 


Hard labor, 








3 


63 


Jealousy, 











19 


Fright, 











32 


Palsy, 








3 


37 


Periodical cases, 








16 


912 


Homicidal cases, 








10 


212 


Have committed homicide, . 











27 


Hereditary cases, 








15 


1,031 


Suicidal cases, 








9 


461 


Have committed suicide, 








2 


20 


Cases arising from physical causes, 








64 


1,661 


Cases arising from moral causes, 








34 


1,123 



The causes of insanity are permanent and occasional. The 
permanent causes are such as have been exerting their influ- 
ence in all time and among all people — as ill health. The 
occasional causes are such as become endemic in certain nations 
more or less limited in time and space — as the Tulip Mania of 
Germany. 

Spiritualism of the present day, is of the last class of causes. 

This singular mental phenomenon, has, for some few years, 

engaged a part of the minds in this vicinity, and some few 

cases have been brought to us the past, as well previous years, 

G 



42 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



arising, it was supposed, from investigating its phenomena and 
from believing in its supposed truthful revelations of the future 
state of existence. If it was true that this process of investi- 
gation did really open to the mind any knowledge of the world 
to come, not revealed to us by the Scriptures — which many of 
its votaries assert and believe — then it would be a cause calcu- 
lated in the highest degree to engage, excite, and disturb the 
mind. But it has been said by those best prepared to investi- 
gate closely, that the responses through the mediums contain 
no ideas of this or the next world, that were not then, or had 
not previously been, in the mind of some one present. It may 
be a new faculty of the mind, but its field of operations lies 
this side of the grave. 



TABLE 7. 



Duration of insanity before admission : — 

Less than 1 year insane, 

More than 1 and less than 2 years insane, 



SI ii O ii 


St 


5 


ss 


ss 


" " 5 " 


u 


10 


u 


(S 


u « io " 


ss 


15 


ss 


u. 


is H ig ss 


u 


20 


ss 


a 


« " 20 " 


a 


25 


ss 


u 


" " 25 " 


u 


30 


ss 


St 


Over 30 years, 


9 


„ 




„ 


Unknown, 











72 
14 
25 



2 
2 


4 

55 

199 



Duration of insanity with those remaining in the Hospital at the end of the year : 

Less than 1 year, . . . . . 15 

31 
45 
70 
38 
38 
14 
5 
7 
73 

336 



2 years 


ss 


ss 


5, 


*5 " 


M 


ss 


10, 


10 " 


u 


u 


15, 


15 " 


u 


ss 


20, 


20 " 


u 


ss 


25, 


25 " 


a 


ss 


30, 


30 years and 


more, 




Unknown, 









1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 
TABLE 7 — Continued. 



43 



Ages of Patients when admitted : — 



Under 15 


years, 


. 


15 years 


and less than 20, 


20 " 


u 


" 30, 


30 » 


i: 


40, 


40 « 


it 


" 50, 


50 " 


it 


" 60, 


60 " 


a 


" 70, 


70 " 


u 


" 80, 



80 years and upwards, 



Ages of Patients in the Hospital November 30, 1855: 

Less than 15 years, .... 
15 years and less than 20, 



20 
30 
40 
50 
60 
70 



30, 
40, 
50, 
60, 
70, 



years and upwards, 



Civil state of Patients when admitted 

Single, 

Married, 

Widows, 

Widowers, 

Unknown, 



2 
17 
54 

42 
47 

20 

10 

7 



199 



3 
10 
59 
87 
101 
44 
19 
10 

3 

336 



92 

85 

13 

2 

7 



199 



44 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



TABLE 8. 
Diseases that have proved Fatal. 




Previously. 



Marasmus, 

Apoplexy and Palsy, . 

Consumption, . 

Epilepsy, 

Disease of the Heart, 

Suicide, 

Disease of the Brain, . 

Typhus Fever, 

Lung Fever, . 

Hemorrhage, . 

Dysenteric Fever, 

Cholera Morbus, 

Inflammation of the Bowels, 

Mortification of the Limbs, 

Dropsy, . t 

Chronic Dysentery, . 

Erysipelas, 

Diarrhoea, 

From Intemperance, . 

Bronchitis, 

Old Age, 

Gastric Fever, 

Land Scurvy, 

Congestive Fever, 

Concussion of the Brain, 

Disease of the Bladder, 

Fright, 

Rupture, 

Maniacal Exhaustion, 

Convulsions, . 

Cholera, 

Asthma, 

Hydrothorax, . 

Cancer, 

Pleurisy, 

Jaundice, 

Chorea, 



27 



83 

56 

62 

47 

20 

20 

20 

11 

22 

6 

9 

4 

8 

3 

9 

5 

17 

19 

3 

3 

13 

5 

1 

3 

1 

1 

1 

1 

56 

2 

4 

2 

3 

1 

1 

2 

1 

525 



1855.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



45 



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46 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



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1856.] SENATE— No. 1. 47 

The whole number of admissions is 4,956. Of these there 
have been 2,284 recoveries. The admissions increased gradu- 
ally, until this year, although accommodations for the insane 
elsewhere in this State, had been supplied to an extent far 
beyond any probable increase of the insane. The increase of 
this malady in the last twenty-three years, was produced by the 
greater number of exciting topics that have been agitating the 
public mind. But there has been an apparent increase greater 
than the real. As the community has acquired more knowl- 
edge upon this subject, it has put a more charitable construc- 
tion upon the unnatural acts of its members, and more readily 
recognized their delusions, and prepared comfortable quarters 
for their custody and cure, which has drawn forth from seclu- 
sion the unfortunate members of many an afflicted family. 
The admissions in thirteen and a half years of my predeces- 
sor's term of office, were 2,463, and in mine, of nine and a half, 
2,493. 

The whole number of recoveries is 2,284, which is about forty- 
six per cent, of the admissions. The per cent, of recoveries the 
last nine years corresponds almost exactly with that of the first 
thirteen. The deaths have been about eleven per cent, of the 
admissions. These results compare favorably with those of 
similar hospitals in this country and in Europe. 

The accommodations for each sex here have always been 
nearly equal, and the admissions have been so too, while few or 
none have kept out on account of the sex. The admissions 
have been, males, 2,451 ; females, 2,505 ; which is about the 
relative proportion of the sexes in the community. 

In the moral treatment of the insane we recognize the prin- 
ciple of giving the largest liberty and the greatest freedom from 
restraint in each case, consistent with the security of the in- 
dividual and safety of the community. Until our grounds 
and avenues were obstructed by mechanics and laborers in the 
prosecution of the changes going on in the institution and 
about the yards, our patients got out in parties to walk, to play 
games, to loiter about the grounds and to work in the gardens 
and fields, in large numbers, every pleasant day. And still, 
they are out a good deal, and even help some in the improve- 
ments. The carriage from the city takes out parties of ladies 
daily to ride, and games of checkers, cards, chess and ten pins, 



48 STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. [Jan. 

are put in requisition day and evening. We have, for reading, 
a library of miscellaneous books of three hundred volumes, in 
one of the most quiet wards on each side of the house, besides 
the one in the centre, for the use of the patients. Of news- 
papers, wo obtain one hundred and fifty copies each week. 
Editors of the papers in this city lay us under great obligations 
in this matter ; and the proprietors of the following, have, for 
years, contributed much towards the happiness of our house- 
hold, by generously sending their daily or weekly sheets to 
this hospital. 

From Boston: The Daily Advertiser, Evening Gazette, Olive 
Branch, Puritan Recorder, Christian Witness and Church Advo- 
cate, Youth's Companion, Zion's Herald, New England Farmer, 
Monthly Religious Magazine, Prisoner's Friend, Quarterly Jour- 
nal, &c. 

From Salem : Observer, Register, Essex County Mercury 
and Advertiser. 

Taunton : Taunton Democrat. 

Plymouth : Old Colony Memorial. 

Utica, N. Y ; Gospel Messenger. 

Clinton: The Courant. 

From Worcester: The Spy, iEgis, Palladium and Daily 
Transcript. 

Mr. Charles Whitney gave us a rich treat in his oratorical 
impersonations, in the afternoon of Thanksgiving day, in our 
chapel. Calvin Washburn, Esq., remembered our wants and 
gave us a large volume of periodicals bound. Mr. Thompson, 
of the periodical office, has often contributed to our store of 
reading matters. 

Religious services have, for more than seventeen years, been 
regularly sustained in our chapel ; and, for more than fifteen 
of it, by our present able and interesting chaplain. These 
public services have become one of the marked features of the 
institution, and they could not very well be dispensed with. 
They present to the insane, by the importance of the subject, 
and by bringing to mind former associations connected with 
them, strong and very efficient motives to self-control, for the 
hour, at least ; they help to break up^the monotony of the Sab- 
bath day in our wards, when respect for its observance keeps 
the inmates from taking recreation out of doors as on week 



1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



49 



days, and they impart instruction to all, and consolation to the 
troubled spirits of many. 

Useful manual labor is the best of all means to promote and 
to secure health. 'Almost every one might find some kind of 
employment here, if his wish was to do so. But very many of 
our household do not, from their peculiar state of mind, feel 
inclined to work. And yet, about one-half of our patients 
perform some kind of labor, more or less useful. For plain 
work, the patients are ready and very efficient. One day this 
autumn the patients, with one hired man, dug, took off the 
tops, and put into the cart, four hundred and eighty bushels of 
carrots. Some are ingenious mechanics. Two have assisted 
the carpenters most of the season. One gentleman has made 
all the soft soap — three hundred and fifty barrels a year — and 
some of the bar soap, for five or six years. He has gathered 
the materials, made and distributed and attended to the 
economical use of it. No one can make better soap than he 
does. Two have made our baskets for years, and have supplied' 
themselves in part with clothing. One female has made panta- 
loons and vests to supply the demand in our family. The 
females make the shirts and knit the stockings ; they wash and 
mend ; they cook, and they help about all our domestic affairs. 
The patients do considerable manual labor ; but still, there are 
many idle ones. Some arrangements were contemplated early 
in the year to introduce whip lash braiding. That is an em- 
ployment at which many could work, and about which no 
dangerous weapon need be used. The many alterations that 
were made in the wards interfered with that project for the 
time. It is the best employment I can think of to introduce 
among our patients in-doors. 

Some of the results of labor are here presented. 



Apples, 


100 bushels, 


at $0 50, 


$50 00 


Cherries, . 


10 


a 


2 00, 


20 00 


Plums, 


2 


u 


4 00, 


8 00 


Grapes, 


2 


a 


4 00, 


8 00 


Corn, sweet, 


120 


a 


50, 


60 00 


Beans, 


15 


a 


2 00, 


80 00 


Peas, 


•80 


a 


1 00, 


30 00 


Beets, 

7 


120 


u 


25, 


30 00 



50 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan . 



Onions, raised 115 bushels, at 50 cents, 
Cabbage heads, 800, at 5 cents each, . 
Cucumbers, 70 bushels, at 50 cents, 
Turnips, 25 " at 25 " . 
Tomatoes, 76 " at 40, " . 
Squashes, 3 tons, at 1 cent per pound, 
Potatoes, 300 bushels, at 50 cents, . 
Milk, 35,000 quarts, at 4 cents, . 
Beef, 4,958 pounds, at 8 cents, . 
Pork, 19,102 pounds, at 9 cents, 





$57 50 




40 00 




35 00 


■ 


6 25 




30 00 




60 00 




150 00 




1,400 00 




396 64 




1,719 18 



$4,128 57 



And there was raised and gathered for the stock, of 1 horse, 
2 oxen, 21 cows, and 106 swine, 

Hay, 35 tons, at $20, 

Rowen, 4 tons, at $15, 

Corn fodder, ....... 

Carrots, 1,375 bushels, at 25 cents, . 

$1,028 75 



. $600 


00 


. 60 


00 


25 


00 


. 343 


rr *** 

rf 



On the first of January last, Thomas Hill, the Steward, re- 
tired from the services of the institution. He was judicious, 
correct and attentive to the duties of his office. Since then, 
Dr. Edward A. Smith has been Steward. He has opened the 
books, and has established the new system of keeping the 
accounts, as determined upon .by your Board last year. By this 
system, the several items of expenditure are arranged under 
separate heads, and are placed in a permanent form, so that each 
class of expenses or the whole amount may be seen at a glance, 
from quarter to quarter and from year to year. The labor has 
been done with great accuracy and in a beautiful style. 

My assistants, Drs. Bemis and Smith, have been very efficient. 
They have been ever ready to assist me in every way, and they 
have taken full charge of their departments. I do not see how 
the hospital could spare their services. They are skilful, kind 
and judicious ; and they enter into the spirit* of, and adopt 
whatever is new and valuable in the treatment and manage- 
ment of the insane. 



1856.] SENATE— No. 1. 51 

To Miss Reid I am under great obligation. She has had ten 
years' experience in her present duties, and in providing for 
the wants of the household, and in her intercourse with our 
large family. She has rendered valuable service by her great 
discretion and judgment. 

The Supervisors, Mr. and Mrs. Mirick, have identified them- 
selves with the moral management of the insane here, through 
a service of seventeen years. They have always been very 
kind and attentive to the patients, and prudent and faithful to 
every duty. 

Of the attendants and assistants, several have remained in 
the institution many years. They are of the most worthy and 
respectable class in society. Their duties are peculiar and 
arduous, although not often laborious. As long as their ambi- 
tion to do well keeps up, and their patience holds out, the insti- 
tution is glad to retain them. In conducting the affairs of this 
hospital sixty-one persons are now employed, which is about 
two to every eleven of its patients. This is a much larger force 
than is employed in most hospitals of this kind. Of these, ten 
men and eighteen women are devoted exclusively to the care of 
the patients, as attendants and nurses upon their wants, and 
stay by them day and night. The other persons employed all 
work with or associate with the patients daily. 

Whatever may have been said against this hospital — and 
most of what has been said about its defects, has been so said 
as an excuse to make it still better — it has always afforded, 
and does now, with all the progress made in others, a residence 
as comfortable and as cheering, and as healthful to the patient, 
as any similar institution in this country. 

Most respectfully, • 

Your obedient servant, 

GEORGE CHANDLER. 

Worcester, Mass., December 1, 1855. 



52 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



List of Trustees from the commencement of the Hospital. The 
first three were Commissioners for building, and, as such, 
were appointed in 1830. The five Trustees are appointed 
every year, in February. The first named in the Commission 
is ineligible to a reappointment the next year. 







"When 


When 


In what way services 


NAMES. 


Residence. 




services 








appointed. 


ended. 


ended. 


Horace Mann, . . . 


Dedham, . 


1832, 


1834, 


Commis'n expired. 


Bazaleel Taft, Jr., . . 


Uxbridge, . 


1832, 


1834, 


a u 


William B. Calhoun, . 


Springfield, . 


1832, 


1835, 


ic tt 


Alfred D. Foster, . . 


Worcester, . 


1832, 


1836, 


u a 


Francis C. Gray, . . 


Boston, . . 


1832, 


1836, 


a a 


Thomas A. Green, . . 


New Bedford 


1834, 


1837, 


a a 


Thomas Kinnicult, . . 


Worcester, . 


1834, 


1838, 


a u 


Horace Mann, . . . 


Boston, . . 


1835, 


1839, 


U (I 


Emory Washburn, . . 


Worcester, . 


1836, 


1837, 


Resigned. 


Abraham R. Thompson, 


Charlestown, 


1836, 


1841, 


Commis'n expired. 


Myron Lawrence, . . 


Belchertown, 


1837, 


1840, 


u u 


Stephen Salisbury, . . 


Worcester, . 


1837, 


1840, 


a a 


Edward D. Bangs, . . 


Worcester, . 


1838, 


1838, 


Death. 


Wiliiam Lincoln, . . 


Worcester, . 


1838, 


1840, 


Commis'n expired. 


Daniel P. King, . . . 


Danvers, 


1839, 


1844, 


bC IC 


Alfred D. Foster, . . 


Worcester, . 


1840, 


1842, 


tt a 


Matuiin L. Fisher, . . 


Worcester, . 


1840, 


1843, 


a a 


Henry Gardner, . . . 


Boston, . . 


1840, 


1845, 


a a 


Robert Campbell, . . . 


Pittsfield, . 


1841, 


1843, 


Resigned. 


Edwin Conant, . . . 


Worcester, . 


1842, 


1844, 


u 


H. H. Childs, .... 


Pittsfield, . 


1843, 


1846, 


Commis'n expired. 


Joseph Sargent, . . . 


Worcester, . 


1843, 


1848, 


a u 


Stephen Salisbury, . . 


Wccester, . 


1844, 


1850, 


<( a 


Stephen C. Phillips, 


Salem, . . 


1844, 


1851, 


a a 


Jesse Murdock, . . . 


Carver, . . 


1845, 


1847, 


it a 


Thomas F. Plunkett, . 


Pittsfield, . 


1846, 


1849, 


# « 


Thomas French, . . . 


Canton, . . 


1847, 


1848, 


Resigned. 


Isaac Davis, .... 


Worcester, . 


1848, 


1849, 


u 


William Appleton, . . 


Boston, . . 


1849, 


1851, 


Declined. 


Levi Lincoln, .... 


Worcester, . 


1849, 


1852, 


Commis'n expired. 


Ensign H. Kellogg, . . 


Pittsfield, . 


1849, 


1853, 


u a 


John S C. Knowlton, . 


Worcester, . 


1850, 


1853, 


Declined. 


Foster Hooper, . . . 


Fall River, . 


1851, 


1854, 


Commis'n expired. 


Samuel G. Howe, . . 


Boston, . . 


1851, 


1855, 


u u 


Rejoice Newton, . . 


Worcester, . 


1852, 


- 




Franklin Ripley, . . . 


Greenfield, . 


1853, 


1854, 


tt u 


James B. Congdon, . . 


New Bedford 


, 1853, 


1855, 


Resigned. 


Linus Child, .... 


Lowell, . , 


1854, 


- 




Henry Morris, . . . 


Springfield, . 


1854, 


1855, 


Resigned. 


Charles H. Stedman, . 


Boston, . . 


1855, 


_ 




William T. Merrifield, . 


Worcester, . 


1855, 


- 




Thomas Colt 


Pittsfield, . 


1855, 


— 





1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



53 



Persons employed in the State Lunatic Hospital, December 

1, 1855. 



Services began. 



Present duties. 



Compensation. 



George Chandler, . 

George Allen, 
Samuel Jennison, 

Edward A. Smith, 

Merrick Bemis, . 
John T. Mirick, . 
Phebe S. Mirick, 
Emery Wilson, . 
Melissa Wilson, . 
Elizabeth A. Reid. 
Lucy B. Gale, 
Sarah A. Carey, . 
Nelson B. Gale, . 
Mary E. Mellen, 
Aurelius L. Austin, 
Lucy Austin, . . 
James Goss, . . 
Elizabeth Goss, . 
Melissa A. Phelps, 
Luria Howe, . . 
Sarah A. White, . 
Mason Howe, 
Lydia H. Carey, . 
Melinda Hooker, 
Abby H. S. Townsend 
Eunice C. Haywood, 
Sarah A. Parker, . 
Charles T. Wheeler, 
Jane Learnard, . 
Thirza L. Green, 
Milo W. Abbott, 
Amelia L. Bliss, 
Albert Grout, 
Emma Allen, . . 
George Kellogg, 
Sarah A. Root, . 
Frank H. Rice, . 
Mary Temple, 
John Ray, . . . 
David S. Lawrence, 
Spencer Child, . 
Charles S. Dodge, 
Hattie Stebbins, 
Melissa Stebbins, 
Emmons L. Howe, 
Elisha W. Harknes 
Mary A. Grout, . 
Alonzo Everett, . 
Ira X. Haywood, 
Edwin B. Johnson 
Lorina Ballou, . 
Sarah Ann Dodge, 



Mar. 28, 1833, 

Oct. — , 1840, 
Mar. — , 1847, 

Feb. 17, 1848 \ 

Nov. 1-5, 1848 
Oct. 20, 1837 
Dec. 26, 1837 
Mar. 23, 1847 
Mar. 29, 1847 
Feb. 1. 1848 
April 8, 1847 
Oct. 28, 1847 
Mar. 31,1849 
May 3, 1849 
Feb. 2, 1850 
Feb. 27, 1850 
Jan. 8, 1851 
Jan. 8, 1851 
June 10, 1852 
Aug. 10, 1852 
Oct. 5, 1852 
Mar. 18, 1853 
Apr. 12, 1853 
Dec. 5, 1833 
June 1, 1853 
Oct. 24, 1853 
JNov.21,1853 
Jan. 4, 1854 
Jan. 7, 1854 
Jan. 9, 1854 
Feb. 20, 1854 
Mar. 20, 1854 
April 1, 1854 
April 1, 1854 
Apr. 13, 1854 
May 15. 1854 
Oct. 27, 1854 
Dec. 23, 1854 
Jan. 1, 1855 
Jan. 24, 1855 
Feb. 1, 1855 
Feb. 21, 1855 
Mar. 14, 1855 
Mar. 14, 1855 
Mar. 27, 1855 
Apr. 10, 1855 
Apr. 10, 1855 
Apr. 16, 1855 
Oct. 9, 1854 
May 21, 1855 
June 13, 1855 
July 19, 1854 



Superintendent, 

Chaplain, 

Treasurer, 

Steward, 

Ass't Physic 

Ass't Physician 

Supervisor, 

Supervisor, 

Cook, . . 

Cook, . . 

Matron, . 

Ironer, 

Ironer; 

Launderer, 

Attendant, 

Cook, . . 

Cook, . . 

Baker, . 

Baker, 

Attendant, 

Cook, . . 

Attendant, 

Cook, . . 

Chamber Gir 

Attendant, 

Attendant, 

Attendant, 

Attendant, 

Farmer, . 

Attendant, 

Attendant, 

Attendant, 

Attendant, 

Farmer, . 

Nurse, 

Attendant, 

Attendant, 

Clerk, . . 

Attendant, 

Carpenter, 

Attendant, 

Farmer, . 

Attendant, 

Attendant, 

Attendant, 

Cook, . . 

Watchman, 

Attendant, 

Attendant, 

Launderer, 

Attendant, 

Attendant, 

Cook, . . 



$1,800 per ann. board ofself & family, 
services of a girl, and keeping of 
one horse. 

$600 per ann. and board. 
$6U0 per annum. 
$500 per annum. 
$200 per ann. and board. 
$700 per ann. and board. 

$440 per ann. and board. 

$17 per mo. and board. 
$2 per week and board. 
$200 per ann. and board. 
$2 per week and board. 
$2 per week and board. 
$17 per mo. and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
>17 per mo. and board. 
$2 per week and board. 

$400 per ann. and board. 

$2 50 per week and board. 
$2 per week and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
$17 per mo. and board. 
$2 per week and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
$17 per mo. and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
$17 per mo. and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
$17 per mo. and board. 
$2 per week and board. 
$17 per mo. and board. 
$2 50 per week and board. 
$200 per ann. and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
$1.50 per day. 
$16 per mo. and board. 
$16 per mo. and board. 
$16 per mo. and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
$16 per mo. and board. 
$16 per mo. and board. 
$2.50 per week and board. 
$16 per mo. and board. 
$17 per mo. and board. 
$16 per mo. and board. 
$2 per week and board. 
$2 per week and board. 



54 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



Names. 


Services began. 


Present duties. 


Compensation. 


Elizabeth B. Flood, . . 


Aug. 31, 1855, 


Washer, . . . 


%2 per week and board. 


Phebe M. Work, . . . 


Aug. 4, 1855, 


Cook, . . 




$2 per week and board. 


Charlotte A. Lawrence, . 


Aug. 24, 1855, 


Table Girl, 




$2 per week and board. 


Newton Howard, . . . 


Oct. 20, 1855, 


Attendant, 




$16 per mo. and board. 


William Lumbard, . . . 


Oct. 27, 1855, 


Attendant, 




$16 per mo. and bf)ard. 


Walter F. Weeks, . . . 


Oct. 31, 1855, 


Attendant, 




516 per mo. and board. 


Martha A. Weeks, . . . 


Oct. 31, 1855, 


Seamstress, 




$2 per week and board. 


Nancy Ann ah Knights, . 


JNov. 1, 1855, 


Attendant, 




$2 per week and board. 


Mary A. Dickenson, . . 


Dec. 22, 1855, 


Attendant, 




$2 per week and board. 




April— ,1832, 


Mechanic, 




$520 per annum. 


Cutler C. Cleveland, . . 


Jan. 14, 1855, 


Mason, . 




$1.75 per day. 



1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



55 



j 


a 




Snow. [rain. 
Snow, 14 inches. Slight 

Slight snow. 

Rain, moderate. 
Slight snow. 

Fog, A. M. 

Fog, A. M. 

Snow. 

1£ inch snow. 

Slight snow. 

Snow. 

Snow. 

Hail and snow. 

Rain. 

Rain, moderate. 

Rain and snow. 


00 
CD 

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o 

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to 

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23. o 


1 1 1 § 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 © 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

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1 I 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 1 00 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 i 1 


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a "J 
o 'O 

a g 


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56 



STATE LUNATIC HOSPITAL. 



[Jan. 



^ 





a. 




Rain, drizzling. 

Slight snow. 
Fog. Mist. 

Snow, | inch. 

Fog. Hail. 

Fog, dense. Rain. 

Slight snow. 
Slight snow. 

Rain. 

Snow. 

Snow, 4 inches. 

Hail. Rain. Snow. 

Rain. 

Snow, 1£ inch. 

Snow. Rain, 7 P. M. 
Snow, 3 inches. Squalls. 
Rain. Snow squalls. 
Rain. 


^3 




co 



•S 


o 

Z 
DO 

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57 





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1856.] 



SENATE— No. 1. 



59 







03 




Rain. 

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Rain, slight. 







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" 27, 

" 23. 

" 30, 
Apl 23, 

May 18, 

June 3, 

May 26, 

" 20, 

« 19, 




1 


April 8, 
" 9, 
" 16, 
" 18, 
" 20, 
" 20, 

May 5, 
'• 10, 

" 6, 
" 12, 
" 16, 
" 13, 
" 2 

Apl 23, 

May 18, 
"" 21, 
June 2, 
May 27, 




00 

a 

a 

a 

co 
co 

w 
a 










Crocus, 
Liverwort, 
Leatherwood, . 
Bloodroot, . 
Wind Flower, . 
Cherry Tree, 
Peach Tree, 
Apple Tree, 
Trailing Arbutus, 
Fever Bush, 
Missouri Currant, 
Wild Cherry, . 
Flowering Almond, 
Lilac, 

Tart. Honeysuckle, 
Shad Bush, 
Red Maple, 
Calicanthus, 
Mountain Ash, . 
Dandelion, 
Daphne Mezereon, 
Pyrus Japonica, 
Hyacinth, . 
Blue Violet, 
Persian Lilac, . 
G. Maculatum, . 
Hose, Russian, . 

" Scotch, 
Horse Chestnut, 
Narcissus, . 



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