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Full text of "Annual report of the Trustees of the Charlestown Free Schools"

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SCHOOL REPORT 

1846. 



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The Board of Trustees of Charlestown Free Schools, in compliance 
with the laio of this Commonwealth, respectfully submit this, their 
Annual Report of the Public Schools of Charlestown, 

At a meeting of the citizens in May last, $955 was appropriated by 
the Town, for the purchase of the land and building on Mead street, 
occupied by Primary School No. 2. On having the land accurately 
surveyed, the lot was found to exceed the number of feet previously 
estimated, which increased the cost of this property to the sum 
of $977. 

At the same meeting in May last, the Town appropriated $1500 
for the " increase of Primary Schools." 

At the adjournment of the May meeting to June 5th, the Town 
appropriated $7,500 for the erection of a new School-house in the 
Bunker Hill District, on the site of the old building. The work of 
taking down the old school-house, was commenced on the 30th of 
June, and the new building was finished, and dedicated with appro- 
priate exercises, on the 1st day of December last. 

The new school-house is 62 feet long by 42 feet wide, and two 
stories high, with a porch or entrance-way 18 by 13 feet. Each 
story finishes about 14 feet high, with two good recitation rooms on 
each floor, 11 by 19 feet. There is a basement story, containing two 
clothes rooms lo by 19 feet, and cellar under the whole building. 
The building is brick, with slated roof and copper gutters, and built 
in the most thorough and workmanlike manner. The fences, &c., 
around the building, are all new, the yards properly graded, and the 
whole building, except the school-room in the second story, is finished 
and well furnished for use. The room which is occupied, contains 



198 seats with desks, and by a reference to the statistics of this school, 
it will be seen that this improvement was not made before the wants 
of the district required it. The mason work was done by Mr. James 
Dearborn, and the carpenter work by Messrs. Clarke & Varney. The 
cost of building, fences, out-buildings, &c.,was . . 86,776 00 

For stoves, funnel, table, and other incidental charges, . 142 93 

$6,918 93 
It is estimated that the room in the second story can be finished 
and furnished at a cost not exceeding SIOOO. 

At the same meeting of the citizens, on the 5lh of June last, $1500 
was appropriated for erecting a new Primary School-house for Pri- 
mary School No. 15, (now No. 8,) and for the new Primary School 
about being formed. 

The original design was, to locate this building on School street ; 
but upon a more deliberate consideration of the subject, the Board 
were convinced, that the rapidly increasing wants of that section of 
the town in rear of Bartleti street and Monum,ent square, required 
some provision to be made for the children in that vicinity. The 
Board, therefore, purchased a lot of land in a central location, on the 
corner of Bartlett and Cross streets, upon which they have erected a 
substantial wooden building, 33 by 27 feet, and two stories high ; 
each story is finished about 10 feet 6 inches high, with a cellar under 
the whole, furnished with a good drain ; the yard is well fenced in, 
graded, and furnished with a good well and pump. As the location 
of this building is in a very central part of the district, and may 
always be wanted for its present use, the Board thought they should 
be justified in erecting a better building here, than was at first con- 
templated. The work is executed in a plain and thorough manner, 
and was done by Messrs. John B. and Charles Wilson. The cost of 
the building, fixtures, &c., was .... $1,692 87 
The cost of the land, containing 1693 feet, . . 761 85 



$2,454 72 
Which sum was paid from the two appropriations for Primary 
Schools. 

After the examination of the Schools in the spring of 1845, it was 
found that there were 1412 pupils in the Primary Schools, and that 
the number of children in these schools was very unequal some 



having from 90 to 100, while others had less than 65 children, on 
the roll of the school. The great difference in the size of these 
schools, was caused principally by the inequality of the Primary 
School Districts, and the Board felt compelled, in the proper dis- 
charge of their duty, and in justice to the teachers and the children 
under their charge, to make a new districting of the town, with the 
hope of more nearly equalizing these schools. A similar dispropor- 
tion in numbers w^as also found to exist in the Grammar Schools, and 
for this reason, the Board felt that the interests of these schools 
required a new arrangement of the Grammar School Districts. 
These changes have been made during the past year, and the schools 
were organized in conformity to the present arrangement of the dis- 
tricts, on the 10th of November last. Both the welfare of the schools 
and the action of former Boards of Trustees, appeared to w^arrant 
this change, and your Board feel confident that the advantages of it 
will be readily acknowledged, by all who have at heart the best 
interest of our Public Schools. 

At the Town meeting in May, 1845, the subject of changing the 
rule of admission of children to the Primary Schools, to 6 instead of 
4 years of age, being before the meeting, it was voted, that the same 
be " referred to the Trustees, wnth authority to act in the premises as 
they shall see fit." The Board have carefully considered this sub- 
ject, and have not thought it expedient to adopt any change from the 
present rule of admission to the Primary School. 

In May, 1802, the Board of Trustees recommended, in their 
annual report, the establishment of Public Schools for children from 
4 to 8 years of age, and, although the Town did not at that time 
authorize said schools, it contributed liberally every year to the edu- 
cation of "Poor Children" under 8 years of age, who were in the 
" Women's Schools," until 1813, when Public School instruction for 
young children was more generally established. 

The Town kept these " Women's Schools" partly under its patron- 
age, until 1825 ; when, on the 16th of May, seven Primary Schools 
were, in accordance with a vote of the Town, established for children 
from 4 to 7 years of age. At the first examination of these schools, 
in October, 1825, there were 391 children belonging to them. It is 
now more than twentij years since our Primary Schools were perma- 
nently established, during which time they have always beer) so 
highly valued and cheerfully supported by our citizens, that the pres* 



ent Board of Trustees do not find any thing to warrant them in 
changing the present system of these schools. 

It may hardly be thought necessary to say, here, that the duties of 
the Board of Trustees, the past year, have been important and ardu- 
ous ; in the discharge of which, they have endeavored to keep con- 
stantly in view the best interest of that department of our municipal 
-affairs entrusted to them. They have not been unmindful of the 
responsibilities which this trust imposes, nor of the influence which 
education has upon the morality, the happiness and the prosperity of 
the community. 

The Table below exhibits a view of our Public Schools at the 
close of the past year — April 1st. 



Primary, 
Grammar, 



Number. 

~19~ 
4 



No. of Teachers 
and Assisianls. 

19 
21 



Salaries. 



i3,839 86 

$8,352 04 



Scholars. 

"1343^ 
1254 



Average Attendance. 

1033 
959 



During the past year, the members of the Board of Trustees have 
made 142 visits to the Grammar Schools, and 224 to the Primary 
Schools. 

Monies appropriated for School-houses and support of Public Schools 
for the past year, and how the same has been expended : 

For rebuilding the Bunker Hill School-house, . . S7,500 00 
Amount expended for building and fixtures, . . . 6,918 93 



Balance unexpended, ..... $581 07 
For Land and new Primary School-house, and increase of 
Primary Schools, . . . . . $3,000 00 
Amount expended for same, . . . 2,454 72 



Balance unexpended, 



$545 28 



Amount paid Teachers' Salaries, . $12,191 90 
" " Contingent expenses, 1,984 82 



$14,176 72 
Amount appropriated for the above 

purposes, ..... 14,000 00 



$1,126 35 



Deficit, 



. $176 72 



Amount brought up, . 

Amount paid for Land and Primary 
School-house in Mead street, built 
in 1844, 

Amount appropriated for the same, 

Deficit, . . . ^ . 



S176 72 



Sl,126 35 



S977 00 
955 00 



$22 00 



S198 72 

$927 63 



Balance unexpended, ..... 

PRIMARY SCHOOLS. 

There has been but one change of Teachers in these schools during 
the past year. 

The new Primary School on the corner of Bartlett and Cross 
streets, was organized on the 10th of November last, and placed 
under the charge of Miss Sarah F. Brown. Miss Susan M. Nich- 
ols, a faithful and efficient teacher, resigned the charge of Primary 
School No. 17, and Miss Sarah J. Bradbury was appointed to sup- 
ply her place. 

The following Table represents these Schools at the last examina- 
tion, closing April 1st, 1846. 



Teachers. 



Mary A. Lewis, 
Melvina B. Skilton, 
Ellen M.Whittemore 
Martha A, Chandler, 
Elizabeth D. Pratt, 
Frances A. Sawyer, 
7Lydia A. Keith, 
8 Mary A. Chandler, 
9 j Sarah F. Brown, 
10:Elizabeth Ernes, 
lljjane S. Putnam, 
12 Jane M. Burckess, 
ISEliz'h A.Blanchard, 
14 Sarah E. Smith, 
ISJEliz'h D. Moulton, 
16 Maria Peabody, 
17[Sarah J. Bradbury, 

18 Cyntha Brockett, 

19 Mary E. Sanborn, 



Location. 



NearB. Hill school-house, 
Mead street. 
Rear 187 Main street, 
Warren school- house, 
Elm street, 
do. do. 

Rear 162 Main street, 
Cor. Bartlett and Cross st 



do. do. 
Common street, 
Training- jfield, 
Bow street, 

do. do. 

do, do. 

do. do. 
Harvard street, 
Bunker Hill St.. 

do. do. 

Moulton street, 



do. 



at Point, 
do. 



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Sub-CommiUee for 
1845-6. 



58;58 
5665 
67|50 
54 67 
4655 
6474 
7069 
4864 
5958 
.5857 
.5259 
4642 
4854 
4857 
5356 
50148 
46.54 
60 60 
50^55 



Jos. F. Tufts. 
Jgs. F. Tufts. 
Henry Lyon. 
Henry Lyon. 
A. J. Locke. 
A. J. Locke. 
Jas. G. Fuller. 
T. T. Sawyer. 
J. W. Bemis. 
Daniel White. 
Daniel White. 
James Adams. 
James Adams. 
Jas. G. Foster. 
Jas. G. Foster. 
Jona. Brown, Jr. 
Jas. G. Fuller. 
J. W. Bemis. 
T. T. Sawyer. 



SB 



6 

The salary of each of our Primary School Teachers is $210 per 
annum. 

Whole number of children in our Primary Schools on the 

1st of April, 1840, 1082. 

1st of April, 1845, 1299 — increase in 5 years, 217. 

1st of April, 1846, 1343 — increase the past year, 44. 

Most of the Primary Schools are in a good condition, and are as 
flourishing- as at any former period. 

Your Board are not aware that they fall below the standard of 
other similar schools, nor do they assert that there is no room for 
improvement in any of them. Those who have carefully watche"d 
the growth of our Primary Schools for several years past, cannot 
have failed to see the improvements which have froni time to time 
been introduced into them ; and although they may have been sur- 
rounded with silent observers, yet, if ihese were to speak out their 
true convictions, we are confident they would be in commendation of 
the course which has been pursued with these schools, and the efforts 
which have been, and are still made, to elevate their character. 

The part which these schools perform in the work of education, is 
considered of much higher importance now than it was in former 
years, and therefore, the attention of School Comniittees, as well as 
society generally, is drawn to these nurseries of education. Here are 
taught the first elements of that knowledge, which is to be enlarged 
and perfected in the higher schools, and it is important that this 
teaching should be correct and thorough ; and whether much or little 
is taught, whatever is done should be well done, or it will be time 
and labor thrown away. 

In order that it may be correct, those engaged in Primary School 
teaching should possess a thorough acquaintance with the elementary 
branches of knowledge, and added to this, a pleasing and winning 
manner of imparting their instructions to the young. The minds 
here dealt with are young and tender, and should be led onward by 
words of encouragement and tones of kindness, rather than by 
authoritative commands. If authority must be used, let it be softened 
by love, and let firmness be accompanied by mildness ; that thus, 
the intercourse between the teacher and the child may be marked 
with proofs of mutual interest, affection and regard. 

We would have the standard of qualifications for Primary School 
Teachers to be high ; we would have them possess those natural 
endowments so essential to success in teaching, and we would have 



them thoroughly acquainted with the branches which it is their duly 
to teach ; that they may be able systematically to set in order the 
child's vocal machinery, and thus secure to him an easy, distinct, 
energetic and pleasing utterance of letters, syllables, words and sen- 
tences. This we know to be an important and arduous work — 
requiring much patience, perseverance and discrimination ; and cer- 
tainly no one ought to think of assuming this responsible duty, 
without acquiring a familiar knowledge of the capacity of the vocal 
organs, the art of managing them, and an acquaintance with correct 
elocution. Without such knowledge, literary attainments are no 
proof of a person's fitness for the work of Primary School teaching. 

There are minds and hearts fitted for this work, in which these 
requisites are combined, and they cannot fail of drawing children to 
a love of excellence and knowledge. The services of such teachers 
are highly valuable, and help to elevate the character of our Common 
Schools ; for those children who enjoy their instructions, will make 
greater proficiency when they reach the Grammar Schools, because 
there, they will lose no time in unlearning bad habits contracted in 
the preparatory schools : besides, it requires no more mental effort, 
nor a closer application, for children to learn correctly, than to learn 
incorrectly, the lessons taught in our Primary Schools. The accu- 
racy of their attainments must depend upon the qualifications and 
fidelity of the Teacher, and where these are found in a heart devoted 
to the progress and well-being of the young, the services of such a 
Teacher demand the gratitude of both parents and Trustees, and can- 
not be too highly appreciated or too gratefully acknowledged. 

It will be in vain for a Teacher to hope for success, if her heart is 
not devoted to the work of teaching. As soon as the Teacher feels 
that there is a certain round of duties to be mechanically gone 
through with each day, and grows impatient, in school, for the time 
when she can repair to other scenes more congenial to her taste, 
then a sense of duty should prompt her to yield her place to one, 
whose heart is more alive to the noble and responsible work of lead- 
ing the young to the fountain of knowledge, and blending with 
instruction, moral greatness and goodness. 

Your Board feel that they cannot speak too strongly on this sub- 
ject. Errors may be contracted in the early stages of education, 
which it is almost impossible to correct, and which may be, to their 
possessor, a source of embarrassment and mortification through life. 
It is a subject which has an important bearing upon our School sys- 



8 

tern, and demands the watchful interest of those to whom is entrusted 
the care of our Public Schools. 

GRAMMAR SCHOOLS. 

Warren School. This school is open to children of both sexes. 
There has been no change of principal Teachers in this school the 
past year. 

Miss Susan L. Sawyer resigned her situation as Assistant Teacher 
in the Grammar department, in October last, and Miss Sarah E. Wood- 
bridge was appointed to her place. No one has yet been permanently 
appointed Assistant Pupil in place of Miss Woodbridge. 

Miss Sawyer has been for many years engaged in our Public 
Schools as a Teacher, and has always enjoyed a high reputation. 

This school is the largest in town, and the duties of the teachers 
are very arduous. It is without suitable recitation rooms. If these 
could be furnished, it -would promote the welfare of the school. In 
the opinion of your Board, they should be furnished without delay ; 
justice to both pupils and teachers, appears to require this improve- 
ment. The school, though laboring under this disadvantage, main- 
tains its former standing among our Grammar Schools. 

WiNTHROP School. This school is exclusively for Boys. There 
have been no changes in the Principal Teachers during the past year. 

In November last, Miss Sarah J. Bradbury, Assistant Pupil in the 
Grammar department, was transferred to Primary School No. 17. 
No one has yet been permanently appointed to her place. 

We are gratified in being able to state unqualifiedly, that the con- 
dition of this school has very much improved during the past year, 
and, from appearances, it will very soon deservedly merit the high 
reputation which has heretofore been awarded to it. 

Harvard School. This School is exclusively for Girls. There 
has been no change of Teachers in this School the past year ; it has 
fully sustained the high reputation which it has heretofore enjoyed. 
This School, however, would be much benefited, if provided with 
good recitation rooms. 

Bunker Hill School. This School is for Boys and Girls. No 
change has been made in its Teachers during the past year. Both 
sexes are in one room, though the entrances to it are entirely distinct 
and the yards or play grounds are also separate. This arrangement 
of the scholars cannot be avoided, until the room in the second story 



9 ' 

of the building is finished for a School room ; — this will be required 
much sooner than was anticipated when the building was erected. 
The duties of the Teachers in this School are laborious, as all the 
branches taught in our other Schools, which have both a Grammar 
and Writing department, under separate Teachers ; are taught here 
by the same Teachers, in one department. The School, however, 
will not fall behind the standard of any other School of this class in 
Town. 

The plan adopted in the Spring of 1845, for the examination of 
these Schools, has been continued. 

Two or three days are now spent by the Committees in examining 
each of ihem, in the fall and spring, in addition to their other visits 
during the term. Subsequent to the spring examination, there is a 
separate public exhibition in each School House, in place of the one 
formerly held in the Town Hall. The Board have been gratified in 
meeting so many of our citizens at these exhibitions, whose presence 
adds much to the interest of these occasions. 

Whole number of Pupils in our Grammar Schools on the 
1st of April, 1S40. 841. 

" " 1845. 1,195. Increase in five years, 354. 

" " 1846. 1,254. Increase the p^st year, 59. 

The following tables present the Statistics of the Grammar Schools 
at their last examination : — 



10 





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Grammar and Writing Depart- 
ment. 
Benjamin F. Tweed, $900 
Hannah S. Austin. 225 
CaroUne Phipps, 75 


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Grammar Department. 
Paul H. Sweetser, $ 900 
Mary J. Whiting, 225 
Rebecca Drake, 75 

Writing Department. 
Robert Swan, 900 
Harriet L. Teel, 225 
Maria L. Thompson, 75 


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Grammar Department. 
Aaron Walker, Jr. $900 
Mary L. Rowland, 225 
Maria A. Stover, 50 

Writing Department. 
Stacy Baxter, 900 
Caroline M. Sylvester, 225 
Catharine W. Lincoln, 75 


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Grammar Department. 
Daniel H. Forbes, $900 
Sarah E. Woodbridge, 225 
M. A. C. Bodge, 50 

Writing Department. 
Joseph T. Swan, 900 
Sarah G. Hay, 225 
Sarah T. Chandler, 75 


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Warren, 
Winthrop, 
Harvard, 
Bunker Hill, 



11 



Here your Board meet with a subject which they think entitled to 
some notice, and which has an important bearing upon our Grammar 
Schools. 

They allude to it with some diffidence, because they fear the facts 
connected with it, will be questioned by many, — doubted by others, 
and absolutely denied by some, as they have been in individual cases. 
We allude to the great number of absences, and the want of punctu- 
ality in attendance in these Schools. 

The latter, although a matter of much annoyance to the Teachers, 
and interruption to the Schools, is not so injurious to their general 
welfare as the former. Lateness, we are aware is sometimes una- 
voidable, and when so, it is of course excusable; but Parents are not 
aware of the injury they do their children and the School, by allow- 
ing this practice ; if they were, the evil would be avoided. 

On them, however, we fear the responsibility of this evil rests, — 
were it not for the countenance which they give to it, it could not 
exist. Parents, we appeal to you, — to your sense of duty to your 
Children, — to your hopes for their future good ; that you lend us 
your aid in removing this evil from our Schools. And what shall 
we say of absences. We give you the results, shown by the records 
of the Schools. 



Whole num- 
ber during the 
vear. 



Whole number 
at the close of 
the year. 



Average daily 
attendance. 



Per centage of 
absences. 



Warren School, 562 

Winthrop School, 533 

Harvard School, 479 

Bunker Hill School, 257 



1831 



353 


321 


17 5-10 


362 


254 


20 9-10 


340 


248 


19 3-10 


199 


136 


18 9-10 



1254 



959 aver. 19M0pr..ct. 



It will be seen by the above, that the daily absences in our Gram- 
mar Schools, is nearly one-fifth, or nearly 20 out of every 100 pupils. 

The evil is a prominent and serious one to the welfare of our 
Schools, and the remedy rests in a great measure, in the hands of 
Parents, and those who have the care and direction of the young. 

We have no laws like those of the Prussians, which make it a 
penal offence for parents to neglect sending their children to School. 
If the principles of our government are right, in taxing the commu- 
nity for the support of Schools; then the community has a right to 
expect children to attend, and to improve faithfully, the opportunities 
offered them for obtaining an education in our Free Schools. Parents 
appear voluntarily to deprive their children of opportunities and 



12 

privileges for gathering treasures to their minds, upon which they 
may draw for the means of usefulness and happiness in after life ; 
which, if they were deprived of by Legislative enactment, they would 
cry out against, as unjust and oppressive. 

To inflict upon Children such an injury to their best good in after 
life, as must result from indulging them, or encouraging them in this 
practice, is certainly to purchase a little gratification, or pleasure, or 
ease to themselves; or assistance or gain to parents, in their School 
hours, at quite too dear a rate. Besides, no Teacher, however 
efficient or devoted to his work, can do full justice to the more con- 
stant and punctual, where there are so many clogs and dead weights 
hanging about, to embarrass and retard the progress of the class. Its 
effects are felt through the whole School. 

One remedy for this great evil may be found in the authority and 
influence of parents, and we earnestly appeal to them to exercise 
these correctives, both for the well-being of their children, and the 
interest of our Schools. The neglect of School privileges while 
young, will be found irreparable in after life. Besides, will not the 
practice be likely to do much towards forming habits of idleness and 
negligence in the discharge of the duties of life, which it will be 
difficult if not impossible ever to overcome ? 

Few, if any, of our citizens, can be ignorant of the rapidity with 
which our town is growing. In every direction, new buildings are 
in progress of erection, and permanent improvements are being made. 
This must be a source of gratification to all who feel an interest in 
its prosperity. But, while this town, so famous in the annals of our 
country, is rapidly increasing in numbers; care should be had, that 
the virtue and intelligence of its citizens, keep equal pace with the 
increase of its population, and its sources of wealth ; and that they 
transmit to posterity, unimpaired, the principles of moral rectitude, 
justice and truth ; — qualities, which are essential to the full enjoy- 
ment of the blessings which a bountiful Providence is so liberally 
bestowing upon us. The young must soon fill the places now occu- 
pied by their fathers, — they must soon give to society its character; 
and now, while they are striving for knowledge, — while they are 
seeking for the treasures of science and literature ; their hearts as 
well as their minds, should be cultivated and disciplined, that the 
powers and faculties of each, may be fully developed and led to the 
real sources of happiness, — of true greatness and excellence. Our 
earnest wish is, that children may grow up to be good men and 



18 

women, to whose hands the interests of society may be safely 
entrusted and faithfully protected. 

In securing this great object, the influence of Teachers, is of no 
small moment. The moral influence which they exert upon the 
minds of their pupils, is an important part of the work of education, 
and therefore, their general deportment, — the spirit in which they 
impart instruction, — the justice and humanity with which they 
maintain their authority; should be such as to inspire in the minds 
of those under their care, a reverence for virtue — goodness — ^justice 
and truth, and lead them to feel, that these acquirements are honor- 
able and ennobling to man, and that without these, he possesses 
nothing worthy the name of education. 

Parents can ask no brighter hopes for their children, and our citi- 
zens no better promise for our town, than to see the young, with 
enlightened and quickened minds, advancing in knowledge and 
intelligence, and acquiring a possession also, of those high moral 
virtues, which give a finishing beauty to education, and an immortal 
glory to man. 

It is a cause of congratulation, that the Teacher's profession is 
becoming so highly ranked in the estimation of the public, that but 
little encouragement is offered to those who have failed in other less 
important professions or departments of business, in looking to School- 
keeping as a resource for gaining a support. The character of 
teachers of youth, should be such as would be enviable to every lover 
of virtue, purity, and the best interests of mankind. They should 
never lose the conviction, that to the children who are placed under 
their charge, they stand, for the time being, in the place of a parent, 
and therefore, they have deep and solemn responsibilities resting upon 
them ; — that the fondest hopes of society, and the character and well- 
being of the coming generation, depend in some measure on the 
fidelity with which they discharge the important trust committed to 
them. With these convictions, how exalting, how invigorating must 
be the motives and the influences, which crowd upon the mind of one 
whose heart and soul are enlisted in the noble work of educating the 
young. The duties involved in this work, are manifold, arduous and 
responsible, we know ; but they are among the highest and most 
important, which are performed b}^ man. 

Your Board would not encourage the practice of our School 
Teachers permanently residing out of town. This subject has 
arrested the attention of former School Committees, who have from 
time to time expressed their disapproval thereof. 



14 

The Trustees would encourage,especially among the older classes, 
the practice of writing compositions. There is no way so well calcu- 
lated to discipline and improve the mind, as the practice of arranging 
its thoughts and expressing them in writing ; that thus, they may be 
spread out before the eye. This will help to give strength to the 
mind, and clearer views upon the subjects to which the thoughts and 
attention are directed. Besides, in connection with the study of 
grammar, it will be found an important and valuable exercise, one 
which no person who practices it, will, in after life, look back upon 
as a useless branch of education. In connection with the study of 
Geography, we would encourage also, the practice of Map drawing ; 
both on the black-board, and on paper, as a highly important exer- 
cise, and one which is pleasing and attractive to most pupils. 

Music, has for several years past, been practiced in our Schools ; 
but during the past year, it has been pursued as a study in one of our 
Grammar Schools, a Teacher having been employed to give syste- 
matic instruction ; not however, to the embarrassment of the other 
studies pursued in the School. We think its effect upon the School 
has been salutary. The expense has been mostly met by private 
contribution. 

Your Board would recommend the more general introduction of 
music into all our Grammar Schools. It is an exercise which is 
healthful, useful, attractive and pleasing ; — one which has a great 
influence over the mind, and does much to soothe the passions and 
impulses, of both old and young. It helps to furnish an agreeable 
variety to the exercises of the School room, — to refine the taste, — to 
elevate the intellectual and moral faculties, and it supersedes in a 
great measure, the necessity for corporal punishment. It helps to 
promote and secure good order, and to create and perpetuate a mutual 
feeling of interest and sympathy between pupils and teachers. 

The expense of its introduction into all our Grammar Schools, 
would not exceed $500 per annum, and your Committee are of 
opinion, that the benefits resulting from it, will warrant this increase 
in our School expenses. 

There is a class of Boys, (and some of them are pretty large boys) 
who congregate at the corners of our streets, — at public places, and 
in bye places, who beset well disposed boys, and by artful devices, — 
deceitful temptations, or by ridicule or threats, allure or drive them 
into their haunts of mischief and idleness; or by profane and vulgar 
speech, or foul acts, sow the seeds of vice and crime. This practice 



15 

is an outrage upon society, — ruinous to the moral purity and habits 
of the young-, and does not require much wisdom, to foretell its results 
to them, and the anguish it will bring upon their parents and friends* 
While such things are tolerated, let not their results be charged upon 
our free Schools, or their influence. No Teacher, or School Com- 
mittee can remedy this evil single handed ; — the remedy is in the 
hands of parents, citizens, and our civil authorities. Cannot some- 
thing be done to counteract this evil ? Your Committee make these 
suggestions for the consideration of those who feel an interest in the 
character of the young, and in the peace and welfare of society ; 
especially in our own cherished town. 

There are some unavoidable expenses to be met during the coming 
year. The Harvard School house will no longer serve as a shelter 
from the rain, unless a new roof is put upon it, or the old one 
thoroughly repaired. Primary School Houses Nos. 1, 5 and 10, 
must be newly shingled, — patching will no longer serve to make the 
roofs of these buildings tight. Pn^ary School House, No. 16, on 
Harvard street, in rear of the town house, is entirely unfit for use, 
and in the central position it occupies, it may well be considered a 
discredit to the town. It will be well to remove it at once, and erect 
a new building in its place. The health and comfort of the children 
require this improvement. The preservation, as well as improve- 
ment in the appearance of several of our Primary School Houses, 
require them to be painted. They have not been brushed up for 
many years. A due regard to economy, will justify this expenditure. 
The district embraced in Primary Schools Nos. 10, 11 and 16, fill 
these Schools to such an extent as to call for a new School to be 
established in that section of the town, embraced in a part of Water, 
in Wapping, Maudlin, Joiner, and a part of Henley and Chelsea 
streets. The Board respectfully recommend, that authority be given 
the Trustees to provide a building and establish a new Primary 
School for this district. 

The Primary Schools embraced in the vicinity of Sullivan, Russell, 
Belmont, Allston, Cook and Pearl streets, and Bunker Hill street, 
north of North Pleasant street, are now so full as to require a new 
Primary School in this section of the town. The Board, therefore, 
most respectfully recommend the purchase of a lot of land in a central 
part of this district, and the erection of a building thereon for a 
Primary School House. The Board have ventured to obtain, on 
favorable terms, the refusal of a lot for this purpose. Your Board 



16 

feel that the interest of the Warren, and Harvard Schools, would be 
promoted by furnishing suitable recitation rooms for these Schools, 
and respectfully submit the consideration of this subject to the 
citizens, trusting, that they will not allow an interest so dear to their 
hearts, as that of our Public Schools, to be embarrassed or retarded, 
for want of sufficient encouragement or support. 

With these suggestions, your Committee will close this report, 
which has already reached a length, unintended at its commence- 
ment; and resign to your hands the responsible charge temporarily 
entrusted to them ; — feeling conscious of having endeavored to elevate 
the condition of our noble Free Schools, and transmit, unimpaired, 
this important trust, to those to whom you may hereafter commit this 
portion of public interest, — the education of the young. 

We beg leave most respectfully to recommend to the Town, the 
adoption of the annexed resolutions. 

By order of the Board of Trustees, 

HENRY "^ FROTHINGHAM, President. 

Charlestown, April 11, 1846. 

The foregoing report was accepted by the Board and ordered to 
be printed and distributed. 

JONATHAN BROWN, Jr., Secretary. 



RESOLUTIONS. 

1st. That the Trustees be instructed and authorized, to lake a deed 
in behalf of the Town, of a Lot of Land on the corner of Bartlett and 
Sullivan streets, and that the sum of eight hundred and seventy-five 
dollars, be appropriated for the above purpose. 

2d. That the Trustees be authorized and instructed, to erect a 
suitable building on the above named land, for a Primary School 
House, and to rebuild the Primary School House in the rear of the 
Town House, and also to build a Primary School House for the dis- 
trict in the vicinity of Wapping, Water, and a part of Chelsea and 
other streets ; — and that the sum of twenty three hundred dollars, be 
appropriated for the above purposes. 

3d. That the sum of five hundred dollars, be appropriated for the 
teaching of Music in our Grammar Schools, the same to be expended 
under the direction of the Board of Trustees. 



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