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Full text of "Annual report of the Water Commissioner, for the year ending .."

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http://www.archive.org/details/annualreportofwa31898bost 



THIRD ANNUAL REPORT 



WATER COMMISSIONER 



YEAK ENDING JANUARY 31, 1898. 



IPrinteb for % §z$mtmtxit. 




BOSTON: 

MUNICIPAL PEINTING OFFICE. 

1898. 

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Office of the Water Commissioner, 

City Hall, Boston, February 1, 1898. 

Hon. Josiah Qutncy, Mayor : 

Sir : I submit a report of the doings of the Water De- 
partment for the year ending January 31, 1898. 

The net income of the department shows an increase over 
last year, and the net debt a marked decrease. 

In addition to the general detail work of the department 
28.2 miles of main pipe have been laid, seven miles of which 
were relaid. 

The many improvements in progress in the city, such as 
the South Union Station, Subway, Stony brook improvement 
and grade crossings, have made the department work of a very 
difficult nature. The taking of a portion of the yard of our 
Distribution Division has so curtailed our storage capacity as 
to increase the difficulties and the cost of handling our pipe. 
This together with the ever-increasing necessity of doing 
work on Sundays and at night, in order that the public may 
be least inconvenienced in the crowded portions of the city, 
is each year adding to the cost of our work, especially in the 
city proper. 

The original pipes, laid fifty years ago, when the Cochit- 
uate system was introduced into Boston, are not in some 
localities large enough to give the proper supply of water, 
and in others have deteriorated in strength to such an extent 
as to necessitate their being taken up and new pipes of a 
larger diameter laid in their places. The department has 
had a great deal of this work for the last two years, and will 
have more in the future. This means heavy expenditures 
and increased cost in maintenance. 

In the outlying sections of the city the number of build- 
ings erected has been phenomenal, necessitating the laying of 
a large number of new mains and service pipes. 

The amount of work done by the department is very much 
in excess of that accomplished in previous years, and it is 
absolutely necessary that the wharf facilities of the Distri- 
bution Division for storing of pipe, etc., be increased at 



2 City Document No. 37. 

once, in order that the main pipe, stock, etc., can be handled 
quickly and economically. 

The practice of setting service pipes for vacant lands on 
streets laid out under chapter 323, Acts of 1891, which has 
heretofore been followed, presents many objectionable feat- 
ures. One of the most serious is the opportunity afforded 
for waste of water. Some of the services get broken by the 
settlement of the street, by the road-roller in construction, 
by electrolysis, etc. Under these conditions, as the pipe is 
under pressure from the main to the sidewalk, leaks occur 
which are often not apparent on the surface. In a few years, 
as the number of services which are not connected to build- 
ings are liable to increase, the number of leaks of this kind 
must be large and serious. Another objection is the fact 
that neither the size of the service nor its proper location can 
be accurately determined in advance. In many cases no lot- 
ting of the land has been made, and if made the land may 
change ownership, involving oftentimes a complete relay- 
ing. Under the present methods, in order to provide for every 
possible service, it has resulted, and will result, in the loca- 
tion of many pipes which will never be used, and which 
eventually must be a means of waste. It is my intention to 
change the policy of the department in reference to these 
service pipes, so as to prevent the faults of the present 
method of laying them. 

The work of extending the salt-water mains for the Fire 
Department is progressing very satisfactorily. 

In the nigh future it is possible to somewhat curtail the 
expenses of the department by shutting down some of the 
smaller pumping-stations. This will be made possible by 
the completion of the laying of large mains upon which the 
department is at work at the present time. 

The organization of the department has been practically 
completed. The method of keeping the general accounts, 
reporting on the work, etc., applied last year to Districts 1, 2 
and 3, are in use hi District 4 and the Meter Division. The 
lack of any correct accounts in the Meter Division has made 
this change a very difficult one. With the coming year, I am 
of the opinion that the method of keeping the accounts in all 



Water Department. 3 

the divisions will be more than satisfactory. The report of 
the expert accountant engaged to examine our accounts is to 
the effect that the books and accounts are kept correctly. 

The Meter Division has been transferred from what was 
formerly known as the Eastern Division to the Income Di- 
vision. By this change all matters pertaining to income are 
part of the Income Division, and all matters pertaining to 
supply remain with the Distribution Division (formerly 
Eastern Division). 

On January 1, 1898, the Metropolitan Water Board made 
a taking of the sources of supply of our department outside 
the limits of Boston. The taking includes all the property 
of the department (including basins, aqueducts, mains, etc.) 
outside the territorial limits of Boston, except the Fisher Hill 
Reservoir, the old Brookline Reservoir, their connections, and 
some mains in the immediate vicinity of Boston, but not 
within her limits. The division of the department for- 
merly known as the Eastern is now known as the Distribu- 
tion Division. The Western Division has been done away 
with. Boston no longer supplies Somerville, Chelsea and 
Everett with water. The receipts from income during 
January were somewhat less, because of our ceasing to sup- 
ply these cities ; and for the same reason during the coming 
year the receipts will be materially less than for the year just 
ended. 

The purity of the water has been maintained by constant 
inspection and attention. The work of the Deacon meter 
service in the detection of waste has been conscientiously 
carried on ; but Boston is meeting the same difficulty that is 
met with in other cities, viz., an increased consumption 
brought about partially by waste, but in part by the increased 
demands made by the modern methods of living. 

The department has paid particular attention to electrolysis, 
and under the head of the City Engineer's report will be 
found the facts in detail. 

The demands for new work during the coming year will, 
of necessity, be larger than during the past. With your ap- 
proval the practice inaugurated in previous years of paying 
for work under chapter 177, Acts of 1872, has been aban- 



4 City Document No. 37. 

doned, and all expenditures of the department will be paid for 
out of the regular appropriation. In addition to the exten- 
sion of mains and the relaying of old pipe, it will be neces- 
sary this year to lay a 1 2-inch main from Neponset, through 
Quincy, to Moon Island, in order to properly supply Long 
Island and the various islands and fortifications in the harbor 
with water. The present 6-inch pipe is totally inadequate. 
It will also be necessary to lay an additional pipe under Shirley 
Gut to Deer Island, and an additional pipe across Chelsea 
creek to East Boston, as one of the mains has become so 
weakened by age as to become totally useless. 

The receipts and disbursements of the department for the 
year were as follows : 

Total receipts of the Water Works, from all sources, for 
the year ending January 31, 1898 : 

Income from sales of water . . $2,590,496 89 

Income from shutting off and letting 

on water and fees .... 6,051 72 

Elevator, fire and service pipes, sale of 

old materials, etc 60,328 61 

Total receipts . . . . $2,656,877 22 

Less refunded water-rates . . . 1,892 18 

Net receipts .... $2,654,985 04 

Total expenditures of the Water Works, from revenue, for 
the year ending January 31, 1898 : 

♦Current expenses $623,476 5 J 

Interest on funded debt 887,638 02 

Sinking-fund requirement, 1896-97 193,395 00 

t Extension of mains, etc 281,782 32 

Amount paid Chelsea, Somerville and Everett, under 

contracts 180,222 94 

Damages 4,910 75 

Balance to general revenue account of city . . . 483,559 50 

$2,654,985 04 



COST OF CONSTRUCTION, AND CONDITION OF THE 
WATER DEBT. 

Cost of construction of Water Works to February 1, 

!897 $26,414,817 32 

Cost of construction of Water Works to February 1, 
1898 26,831,753 14 

Increase during the year $416,935 82 

Stock on hand February 1, 1897 $99,885 22 

Stock on hand February 1, 1898 .... . 152,665 07 

Increase during the year $52,779 85 

* Details on page 12. j Details on page 13. 



Water Department. 



The outstanding Water Loans February 1, 1897 were . $18,261,273 98 

The outstanding Water Loans February 1, 1898 were . 17,911,273 98 

Decrease during the year $350,000 00 

The Water Sinking-Fund February 1, 1897 was . . $8,70.4,387 99 

The Water Sinking-Fund February 1, 1898 was . . 9,852,760 01 

Increase during the year $148,372 02 

Net Water Debt February 1, 1897 $8,556,885 99 

Net Water Debt February 1, 1898 8,058,513 97 

Decrease during the year $498,372 02 



SUMMARY OF COST OF WORKS TO FEBRUARY 1, 1898. 
Cochituate supply 



Lake Cochituate . 


$291,838 35 


Compensating reservoirs 


66,859 


80 


Land and water damages 


248,827 


34 


Engineering expenses to Jan- 






uary 1, 1852 . 


40,000 


00 


Cochituate aqueduct 


1,068,425 


24 

4fcl 71 5 q^o 73 






qPX)iXUy\fO\J iO 


Sudbury supply : 






Reservoir No. 1 . 


$257,143 81 


" " 2 . 


465,954 


11 


" " 3 . 


419,402 


72 


" " 4 . 


813,846 


38 


" " 5, to date 


1,114,752 


43 


" " 6 . 


911,752 


33 


Whitehall pond . 


330,975 


46 


Cedar swamp 


33,599 


21 


Work about Farm pond 


17,297 


94 


Roadway in Framingham 


23,947 


32 


Land damages, not otherwise 






specified . 


348,346 


38 


Water damages . 


559,190 


64 


Temporary connection with 






Lake Cochituate 


75,611 


73 


Investigations of Shawshine 






and Charles rivers, etc. 


27,646 


59 


Protection of supplies . 


363,883 


32 


Engineering and engineering 






expenses .... 


300,371 


22 


Office expenses, travelling, 






etc. ..... 


80,594 


74 


Miscellaneous 


40,388 


76 


Conduit and connections at 






Chestnut-Hill Reservoir 


3,082,661 


95 

o 9fi7 q«7 04. 






«7 , — U i , c> U I V/tc 



Carried forward, 



$10,983,317 77 



6 



Gity Document No. 37. 



Brought forward, 
Distributing reservoirs and dis- 
tribution: . 
Brookline Reservoir 
Beacon-Hill " (net cost) 
Chestnut-Hill" 
South Boston " 
East " " 
Parker-Hill " 
Fisher-Hill " 
Roxbury high service 
Brighton " " 
East Boston high service 
West Roxbury high service 
Chestnut-Hill pumping-station 
Jamaica-pond aqueduct 
Pipe-yards and buildings 
Engineering expenses . 
Distribution 



), 983, 317 77 



$200,077 21 

363,533 21 

2,277,042 93 

90,908 10 

66,103 09 

205,793 81 

191,135 35 

103,829 53 

7,745 00 

30,208 12 

22,346 56 

525,195 46 

88,417 20 

94,832 16 

57,873 58 

10,871,844 18 



15,196,885 49 



Total cost of Sudbury and Cochituate Works, $26,180,203 26 
Cost of Mystic Works to February 1, 1898 : 



Land damages 
Dam . . . < 

Grubbing at lake . 
Lowering Mystic 
river . 

Conduit . 

Engine-house . . ; 

Engines 



!7,167 26 
9,393 26 

3,012 06 



$83,388 75 
213,834 72 



Reservoir .... 

Distribution .... 
Buildings .... 

Engineering, inspection and sal- 
aries ..... 
Mystic- valley sewer . 
Miscellaneous . . 

Total cost of Mystic Works, 



,211 63 



29,572 58 
129,714 30 



297,223 47 

141,856 26 

874,863 58 

18,603 05 

53,216 27 

83,608 70 

24,446 88 



,806,316 72 



Total cost of combined supplies . . |2 7, 986, 519 98 

Credit by amount received from the State 

on account of taking (January 4, 1896) . 1,154,766 84 



526,831,753 14 



Water Department. 



The outstanding Water Loans on this date, February 1, 
1898, are as follows : 





Loans 








Date of 
Maturity. 


Amount. 


6 per cent. 


Currency, 


Dm 


> June, 1898 . 


$450,000 00 


6 ' 


t u 


it 


" 


Oct., 1898 . 


540,000 00 


6 ' 


t it 


ii 


tt 


April, 1899 . 


250,000 00 


6 ' 


t u 


ii 


it 


Jan., 1901 . 


625,000 00 


6 ' 


I (( 


1 1 


tt 


April, 1901 . 


688,000 00 


6 ' 


I (( 


it 


ii 


July, 1901 . 


330,000 00 


6 ' 


C (( 


tt 


ti 


July, 1902 . 


100,000 00 


5 ' 


I (< 


Sterling Loan 












(£399,500) 


it 


Oct., 1902 . 


1,947,273 98 


6 ' 


( I 1 


Currency, 


ti 


April, 1903 . 


905,000 00 


6 ' 


( 14 


it 


1 1 


Jan., 1904 . 


8,000 00 


6 ' 


t a 


tt 


tt 


April, 1904 . 


, 38,000 00 


6 ' 


( l 4 


tt 


ti 


Jan., 1905 . 


161,000 00 


6 


( it 


ii 


it 


April, 1905 . 


142,700 00 


6 ' 


t (( 


it 


ti 


July, 1905 . 


44,000 00 


6 ' 


t tt 


ii 


1 1 


Oct., 1905 . 


6,000 00 


5 « 


1 It 


Gold Loan, 


it 


Oct., 1905 . 


1,000,000 00 


6 ' 


t tt 


Currency, 


ii 


Jan., 1906 . 


82,550 00 


6 ' 


t tt 


ti 


tt 


April, 1906 . 


8,750 00 


5 


t tt 


Gold Loan, 


tt 


April, 1906 . 


552,000 00 


5 ' 


t It 


tt 


it 


Oct., 1906 . 


2,000,000 00 


6 ' 


t tt 


Currency, 


it 


Oct., 1906 . 


4,000 00 


6 


t tt 


tt 


ii 


Jan., 1907 . 


8,000 00 


6 ' 


( II 


it 


it 


April, 1907 . 


5,000 00 


6 


t (t 


ii 


ii 


July, 1907 . 


1,000 00 


5 ' 


t II 


Currency Loan 


," 


Oct., 1907 . 


1,000 00 


5 ' 


I It 


it tt 


it 


April, 1908 . 


12,000 00 


4 « 


I II 


ti 


ii 


April, 1908 . 


588,000 00 


4 ' 


i It 


Loan, 


it 


July, 1909 . 


82,000 00 


4* ' 


I (I 






ii 


Oct., 1909 . 


268,000 00 


4 « 


1 11 






ti 


April, 1910 . 


280,000 00 


4 ' 


I II 






it 


April, 1912 . 


324,000 00 


4 ' 


I II 






it 


July, 1913 . 


111,000 00 


4 ' 


t <l 






ii 


Oct., 1913 . 


336,000 00 


4 ' 


I II 






it 


Jan., 1914 . 


466,000 00 


4 ' 


t 11 






it 


April, 1914 . 


18,500 00 


4 ' 


1 II 






it 


Oct., 1914 . 


16,000 00 


4 ' 


t 11 






ii 


Jan., 1915 . 


50,000 00 


H l 


I It 






ii 


April, 1915 . 


50,000 00 


4 l 


I It 






it 


April, 1915 . 


145,700 00 


8* ' 


1 It 






it 


Oct., 1915 . 


50,000 00 


4 

3i ' 


t tt 
I tt 






ii 
ii 


Oct., 1915 . 
Jan., 1916 . 


23,000 00 
100,000 00 


4 ' 


t 11 






1 1 


Jan., 1916 . 


58,000 00 


4 ' 


t It 






ii 


April, 1916 . 


128,500 00 


U « 


1 It 






tt 


July, 1916 . 


75,000 00 


8* ' 


t tt 






it 


Oct., 1916 . 


25,000 00 


4 ' 


1 II 






1 1 


Oct., 1916 . 


286,300 00 


4 


t It 






it 


Jan., 1917 . 


21,000 00 


3 ' 


t 11 






ii 


April, 1917 . 


200,000 00 


81 ' 


1 It 






tt 


April, 1917 . 


275,000 00 


4 ' 


I It 






it 


April, 1917 . 


161,000 00 


4 ' 


1 It 






tt 


July, 1917 . 


7,000 00 


4 « 


t It 






tt 


Oct., 1917 . 


160,700 00 


4 ' 


I It 






it 


Jan., 1918 . 


20,000 00 


4 


I It 






it 


April, 1918 . 


6,300 00 


( 


larried foi 


toard, 






$14,241,273 98 



City Document No. 37. 





Loans. 




Date of 

Maturity. 






Amount. 


Brought forward, $14,241,273 98 


Si per cent. Loan, Due July, 1918 . . . 100,000 00 


4 ' 
4 ' 








' Oct., 1918 . 
' April, 1919 . 




100,000 00 
200,000 00 


H ' 








' Oct., 1919 . 




145,000 00 


4 l 








' Oct., 1919 . 




300,000 00 


H- ' 








" Nov., 1919 . 




130,000 00 


3* ' 








" Jan., 1920 . 




220,000 00 


4 ' 








' Oct., 1920 . 




384,000 00 


4 ' 
4 ' 








' April, 1921 . 
' Oct., 1921 . 




100,000 00 
162,500 00 


4 ' 








" Jan., 1922 . 




100,000 00 


4 ' 








' April, 1922 . 




75,000 00 


4 ' 








' Oct., 1922 . 




283,000 00 


4 « 








" Oct., 1923 . 




576,275 00 


4 ' 








' Oct., 1924 . 




644,225 00 


3J l 






4 " Oct., 1927 . 




150,000 00 


Summary. 


. $17,911,273 98 




3 per cent. Loans $200,000 00 


U ' 




I u 






1,320,000 00 


4 « 




I (I 






6,214,000 00 


H « 




I u 






268,000 00 


s « 




' Currency Loans . 






13,000 00 


5 « 




' Gold "... 






3,552,000 00 


5 ' 




' Sterling " 






1,947,273 98 


6 ' 




' Loans 






4,397,000 00 


1 


^tal 












. $17,911,273 98 



Water Department. 

Cochituate Water Debt, Gross and Net, 

At the Close of Each Fiscal Year. 



Fiscal Year. 



Gross Debt. 



Sinking-Funds. 



Net Debt. 



1847-48 
1848-49 
1849-50 
1850-51 
1851-52 
1852-53 
1853-54 
1854-55 
1855-56 
1856-57 
1857-58 
1858-59 
1859-60 
1860-61 
1861-62 
1862-63 
1863-64 
1864-65 
1865-66 
1866-67 
1867-68 
1868-69 
1869-70 
1870-71 
1871-72 
1872-73 
1873-74 
1874-75 
1875-76 
1876-77 
1877-78 
1878-79 
1879-80 
1880-81 
1881-82 
1882-83 
1883-84 
1884-85 
1885-86 
1886-87 
1887-88 
1888-89 
1889-90 
1890-91 
1891-92 
1892-93 
1893-94 
1894-95 
1895-96 
1896-97 
1897-98 



$2,129,056 

3,787,328 

4,463,205 

4,955.613 

5,209,223 

5,972,976 

5,432,261 

5,403,961 

5,230,961 

5,031,961 

4,724,961 

4,754,461 

3,846,211 

3,455,211 

3,012,711 

2,992,711 

2,992,711 

2,942,711 

3,152,711 

3,370,711 

3,867,711 

5,107,711 

5,731,711 

6,482,711 

6,812,711 

6,912,711 

7,863,711 

8,123,711 

9,735,711 

11,548,711 

11,545,273 

11,753,273 

11,697,273 

11,631,273 

11,631,273 

11,955,273 

12,882,273 

13,045,473 

13,491,473 

14,142,273 

14,741,273 

14,941,273 

15,696,273 

16,267,773 

16,423,773 

16,758,773 

17,055,273 

17,761,273 

18,261,273 

18,261,273 

17,911,273 



32 1 

98 

56 

51 

26 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

11 

98 

98 

98 

98 



98 
98 
98 
98 
98 
98 
98 
98 
98 



98 
98 



$1,100,000 00 
1,185,049 67 
1,268,234 97 
1,372,953 62 
1,533,890 28 
1,560,917 83 
1,709,492 60 
2,043,764 73 
2,143,847 85 
1,771,692 92 
1,989,300 88 
2,281,857 89 
2,607-768 46 
2,746,505 58 
3,106,323 82 
3,385,201 26 
3,947,616 92 
4,373,304 09 
4,864,092 54 
5,440,819 47 
5,979,297 80 
6,471,545 34 
7,019,058 38 
7,649,504 87 
8,444,773 55 
9,099,966 39 
9,704,387 99 
9,852,760 01 



$2,129,056 32 
3,787,328 98 
4,463.205 56 
4,955,613 51 
5,209,223 26 
5,972,976 11 
5,432,261 11 
5,403,961 11 
5,230,961 11 
5,031,961 11 
4,724,961 11 
4,754,461 11 
3,846,211 11 
3,455,211 11 
3,012,711 11 
2,992,711 11 
2,992,711 11 
2,942,711 11 
3,152,711 11 
3,370,711 11 
3,867,711 11 
5,107,711 11 
5,731,711 11 
5,382,711 11 
5,627,661 44 
5,644,476 14 
6,490,757 49 
6,589,820 83 
8,174,793 28 
9,839,218 51 
9,501.509 25 
9,609,426 13 
9,925,581 06 
9,641,973 10 
9,349,416 09 
9,347,505 52 
10,135,768 40 
9,939,150 16 
10,106,272 72 
10,194,657 06 
10 367,969 89 
10,077,181 44 
10,255,454 51 
10,288,476 18 
9,952,228 64 
9,739,715 60 
9,405,769 11 
9,316,500 43 
9,161,307 59 
8,556,885 99 
8,058,513 97 



1 .No account taken of amounts borrowed temporarily from 1S46 to 1852 and after- 
wards funded by the issue of the water bonds that figure in this statement. 



10 



City Document No. 37. 





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12 



City Document No. 37. 



DETAILED EXPENDITURES UNDER THE SEVERAL 
APPROPRIATIONS . 

February Draft, 1897, to February Draft, 1898. 

Water Department {from Revenue). 
Salaries : 

Commissioner .... $5,000 00 

Assistant Commissioner . . 3,000 00 

Secretary .... 3,000 00 

Employees .... 455,621 56 



Fuel 

Machinery, tools, hardware, iron, steel and 

other materials for repairs and furnishing 
Altering and repairing reservoirs, buildings and 

streets ....... 

Horses, purchase of . . . .$1,135 00 

Feed and board .... 5,704 94 

Shoeing and veterinary services, . 3,120 66 

Wagons, sleigh and repairs of 

vehicles ..... 3,994 65 
Harnesses and repairs . . . 1,311 24 



Transportation of employees 

Castings ..... 

Alterations of Albany-street stable 

Meters and repairs . 

Printing . 

Taxes 

Cartage and freights 

Lead and lead pipe , 

Telephone service 

Stationery 

Examination of property to be taken by the 
State, and report on same 

Grounds, care, seeds, trees and tools 

Four meter books 

Oils 

Expert services 

Salt 

Rents 

Widow of Charles L. Bancroft, balance of sal- 
ary for 1896 (order of City Council, April 13, 
1897) . . . . " . 

Insulating water-pipes . . . . . 

Board of injured man . 

Carried forward . . . . . 



$466,621 56 
25,309 38 

23,698 10 

17,980 48 



15,266 49 

11,388 14 

11,325 05 

10,746 54 

9,628 16 

5,259 51 

3,231 11 

3,039 08 

2,759 85 

2,408 86 

2,161 31 

2.000 00 
1,538 73 
1,500 00 
1,444 77 
1,356 87 
1,180 71 

1.001 00 



821 33 
800 00 
782 17 

$623,249 20 



"Water Department. 



13 



^Brought forward .... 
Compiling and indexing statutes relating to Bos 

ton water supply . 
Insurance on boilers 
Inspector of castings at foundry- 
Gas .... 
Advertising 
Furniture 

Salt hay .... 
Examination of accounts . 
Analyses of water . 
Water-proof clothing 
Blasting trenches 
Electric lighting 
Typewriting and small items 



Less amount transferred to additional supply of 
water ........ 



'3,249 


20 


700 


00 


650 


00 


644 


60 


519 


81 


496 


84 


491 


51 


400 


04 


350 


00 


325 


00 


234 


85 


93 


15 


• 36 


26 


13 


26 



,204 52 
4,728 01 



Refunded water-rates ..... 

Sinking-Fund payment ..... 

Interest on loans (including exchange on Lon- 
don where part of interest is payable) . 

Proportion of water-rates paid under con- 
tract ........ 

Damages ........ 



$623,476 51 

1,892 18 

193,395 00 

887,638 02 

180,222 94 
4,910 75 

,891,535 40 



From the above amount~$623, 476.51 should be deducted $1 1,- 
801.25 expended for work for outside corporations, etc., during 
the year, leaving the amount of $611,675.26 as the actual cur= 
rent expenses of the Water Department. 



Extension of Mains, etc 

Labor ..... 

Castings, pipes, stop-cocks, gates 

frames 
Lead and lead pipe . 
Blasting trenches 
Tools, hardware and supplies 
Travelling expenses . 
Repairs .... 
Teaming and freights 
Lumber .... 
Inspector of castings at foundry 

Carried forward 



and 



(from revenue). 


d hydranl 


$139,542 54 
117,322 65 






16,244 34 
11,252 28 






8,446 92 
8,260 15 






7,535 04 






6,431 76 
4,018 73 






1,432 82 


. 


$320,487 23 



14 City Document No. 37. 

Brought forward .... 

Oil . 

Fuel 

Less transferred to additional supply of water, 



$320,487 23 

334 87 

214 16 

$321,036 26 

39,253 94 

$281,782 32 



From this amount should be deducted the sum of $1,499.48 
expanded for work for outside corporations, etc., during the 
year, leaving the amount of $280,282.84 as the actual expendi- 
ture for Extension of Mains. 



Additional Supply of 
General : 

Land . . • • • 

Engineering .... 
Expert services 

Examinations of titles and small 
items ..... 
Damage for flowing land 

Indian brook: 

Labor ..... 

Teaming .... 

Tools, hardware and supplies . 
Lumber and carpentry 
Right of way through private 
land ..... 
Board of men .... 
Engineering expenses 

Whitehall pond: 
Labor . 
Pile- driving 
Lumber and carpentry 
Teaming 

Alteration of coffer-dam . 
Town of Hopkinton, building 

fence and grading 
Masonry 

Tools, hardware and supplies 
Engineering expenses 
Board of men . 

Basin and Dam VI. 

Carried forward 



Water (from Loans). 

$30,589 82 
1,735 38 
1,701 36 



258 28 
135 18 



$7,303 77 
438 25 
235 94 
215 25 

100 00 
66 70 

29 99 



$1,345 08 

2,019 35 

1,819 92 

1,011 31 

552 50 

405 80 
344 00 
301 35 
198 44 
60 00 



$34,420 02 



8,389 90 



5,057 55 
76 33 

),943 80 



Wat] 


lk D 


EPARTMENT. 






15 


Brought forward 


. . 


. 


$50,943 


80 


New mains, etc.: 










Labor .... 


168,404 


58 






Castings 




48,922 


36 






Lead and lead pipe . 




7,422 


88 






Teaming and freights 




3,941 


86 






Laying new mains . 




2,941 


26 






Blasting trenches 




1,352 


67 






Lumber .... 




945 


00 






Covering submerged pipe 




500 


00 






Paving and repairs . 




451 


52 






Masonry 




410 


01 






Filling .... 




355 


07 






Tools, hardware and supplies 


249 


85 








$135,897 


06 




Transferred from-water- works 


, 4,728 


01 






Transferred from extension o: 










mains, etc. 


39,253 


94 


179,879 


01 










$230,822 


81 



Recapitulation . 
Water Department . . $1,891,535 40 

Extension of mains, etc. . . 281,782 32 

Additional supply of water . 230,822 81 



1,404,140 53 



16 



City Document No. 37. 



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City Document No. 37. 



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City Document No. 37. 



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26 City Document No. 37. 

In the appendices annexed hereto are submitted the reports 
of the City Engineer and the superintendents of the depart- 
ment. They furnish full details of the present condition of 
the works and what has been accomplished. 

Respectfully, 

John R. Murphy, 

Water Commissioner. 



Water Department. 



27 



APPENDIX A. 



REPORT OF THE INCOME DIVISION. 



Office of General Superintendent, Income Division, 

City Hall, Boston, February 1, 1898. 

Hon. John R. Murphy, 

Water Commissioner : 

Sir : Herewith please find report of the Income Division, 
Water Department, for the calendar year ending December 
31, 1897, it being impracticable to render report of this divi- 
sion for the financial year; also tables covering the work of 
the Meter Service branch of the Income Division for the 
financial year ending January 31, 1898. - 

INDEX TO TABLES. 

Table. 

Water takers, number of .... I. 

Annual rates, purposes for which water was taken 

by II. 

Annual rates, amounts assessed by III. 
Meter rates, purposes for which water was taken 

by IV. 

Meter rates, amounts assessed by ... . V. 

" " quantities taken by . . . . VI. 

Abatements, number and amounts . . . VII. 

Pipes, new elevator, motor, fire and service . . VIII. 

Water turned off and on .... . IX. 

Receipts for turning off and on water for repairs . X. 

Fixtures in use January 31, 1898 . . . XL 

Waste detection ....... XII. 

Elevator, motor and fire-pipe service . . . XIII. 

Meters, January 31, 1898, statement of . . XIV. 

January 31, 1898, distribution of . . XV. 

general statement of work performed on . XVI. 

condemned ...... XVII. 

applied XVIII. 

discontinued . . . ... . XIX. 

purchased ...... XX. 



28 



City Document No. 37. 



Meters, repaired at factory . 
" in service . 
changed .... 
in service January 31, 1898 
at factory January 31, 1898 
at department shop January 31, 1898 



Table. 

XXI. 

XXII. 
XXIII. 
XXIV. 

XXV. 
XXVI. 



Table I. 





COCHIT- 

UATE. 


Mystic. 






Boston, ex- 
cluding 
CharJestown. 


a 

is 
o 

co 
<o 
Th 
c3 
A 
O 


CD 
02 

CD 
A 

O 


'> 

n 

CD 

a 

o 
w 


> 


co 
O 

H 


Number of takers by 


90,434 
4,173 


6,802 
208 


6,964 
94 


14,552 
140 


5,561 
36 


124,313 
4,651 


Number of takers by 






Number of takers 


94,607 


7,010 


7,058 


14,692 


5,597 


128,964 







Table II. 

Showing the purposes for which water was taken by Annual Bates, and the 
districts where taken. 





Cochit- 

UATE. 


Mystic. 




Purposes for which 

"Water was taken by 

Annual Rates. 


Boston, ex- 
cluding 
Cliarlestown. 


o 

+^> 
co 

<o 

u 
OS 
A 
O 


cd 

CO 
CD 

A 
O 


6 
u 

CD 

a 

o 
m 


+^ 

CD 
H ' 
CD 
> 


CO 

'o3 

O 

H 






3 

23 


1 

26 






4 




258 

5 

1,675 

11 

215 

99 


14 


6 


327 




5 




26 

12 

24 


41 

1 

13 

19 


303 

1 

25 

17 


179 

7 
8 


2,224, 
13 




272 


Clubs 


167 








2,263 


88 


101 


360 


200 


3,012 



Water Department. 
Table II. — Concluded. 



29 





Cochit- 

UATE. 


Mystic. 




Purposes for which 

Water was taken by 

Annual Rates. 


Boston ex- 
cluding 
Charlestown. 


a 
o 

03 
® 

H 

cS 

-a 
P 


93 

O 


® 

u 

B 

o 


> 


o5 

o 
H 




2,263 

38 

1 

49,102 

10 

2 

6,824 

16 

40 

1 

1 

24 

5 

1 

70 

4 

139 

9,022 

60 

3 

463 

10 

23 

8,155 

1 

12 

2 

1,444 

28 

7 

8 

4 

24 

345 

491 

120 

2 

2,705 

29 

3,613 

156 

7 

7 

5,107 

5 

1 

11 

7 

3 

18 


88 
2 


101 

1 


360 
6 


200 

4 


3,012 
51 




1 


Fire Department : 


4,660 


4,929 


9,015 


3,697 


71,403 
10 










2 


Hydrants and reser- 


289 


94 


149 


53 


7,409 




16 


5 


6 


6 


2 


59 
1 


Filling tank (special).. . . 










1 


4 
12 


4 


10 


4 


46 




17 










1 






2 


13 


7 


92 




4 


Halls 


11 
252 


10 
618 

2 


9 

2,764 

1 


8 

774 


177 




13,430 




63 




3 




35 

1 

7 

441 


30 

1 

30 

227 


45 

1 

15 

435 


17 

2 

9 

108 


590 


Libraries and museums. 
Manufactories 


15 
84 




9,366 
1 




Motors 


1 


2 


2 


1 


18 




2 




43 
2 
1 
1 


52 
2 
1 
1 


29 
2 


18 
1 
1 
1 


1 586 




35 
10 




11 
4 


Restaurants and lunches 


13 

52 
5 

167 


3 

8 


1 
9 


1 

7 


29 

382 
543 




9 

1 
105 


9 

1 
126 


4 
33 


147 




4 

3,136 

29 






323 
21 


377 
12 


1220 
9 


484 
5 


6,017 
203 






7 








1 
313 


119 


8 




365 


335 


6,239 
5 














1 












11 












7 












3 




1 


1 


1 


1 


22 


Totals 


90,434 


6,802 


6,964 


14,552 


5,561 


124,313 





30 



City Document No. 37. 



Table HI. 

Showing the amounts assessed for water taken by Annual Bates, the purposes 
for which and the places where taken. 





COCHIT- 

UATE. 




Mystic. 






Style of 
Premises. 


a 

CD UO 

rS on 

co ■ — ' c3 

o oa 
M O 


S5 
o 

CO 
CD 

u 

c3 

A 
o 


c3 
<D 
CO 

<X> 

A 
O 


CD 

H 
CD 

a 

o 

02 


CD 
U 
CD 
> 


to 

o 
H 






$56 50 
296 00 


$12 00 
348 00 






$68 50 

4,285 44 

206 00 




$3,363 44 
206 00 

15,840 16 

94 17 

2,591 00 

1,754 67 

746 63 

25 00 

720,369 55 

150 00 

30 00 

102,360 00 

240 00 

1,000 00 

15 00 

- 156 00 

464 67 

47 50 

15 00 

1,176 00 

546 50 
1,992 92 

45,110 00 

4,445 00 

377 00 

8,461 95 

172 00 

455 24 

177,090 76 

10 00 

655 40 

225 00 

14,347 46 

547 50 
130 00 


$187 00 


$91 00 


Building pur- 


176 62 


199 83 
10 00 

160 50 

231 25 

19 50 


1,416 75 

5 00 

243 67 

268 00 

87 00 


621 59 


18,254 95 
109 17 


Clubs 


139 00 

270 00 

29 50 


90 00 

97 50 

98 00 


3,224 17 
2,621 42 




980 63 




25 00 


Dwel'g-houses, 
Fire Depart- 
ment: 
Chemical- 

engines 

Combination 

wagons 

Hydrants 
and reser- 

Ladder com- 

Steamfire-en- 

Water tow- 


62,263 79 


64,112 28 


119,140 09 


44,277 33 


1,010,163 04 
150 00 










30 00 


4,335 00 


2,670 00 


4,172 00 


1,484 00 


115,021 00 
240 00 


115 00 


140 00 


140 00 


50 00 


1,445 00 
15 00 


Filling tank 
(special) 










156 00 


40 00 
83 33 


30 00 


74 00 


28 75 


637 42 
130 83 










15 00 






24 00 


103 00 


64 00 


1,367 00 


Gymnasiums... 
Halls 




546 50 


135 00 
1,260 00 


180 00 

3,090 00 

33 00 


93 50 

13,820 00 

170 00 


88 50 
3,870 00 


2,489 92 


Hotels. 


67,150 00 
4,648 00 






377 00 


Libraries and 

museums .... 

Manufactories . 

Model houses. . 


665 83 

10 00 

147 62 

8,219 61 


555 67 

12 00 

359 17 

4,952 74 


747 20 

26 00 

212 42 

9,142 82 


304 09 

36 00 

68 50 

2,327 51 


10,734 74 

256 00 

1,242 95 

201,733 44 

10 00 


Motors 


20 00 


155 00 


10 00 


5 00 


845 40 




225 00 




441 00 

39 50 
13 00 


518 00 

35 00 
17 00 


275 25 
43 00 


147 33 

12 00 
20 00 


15,729 04 


Photograph 


677 00 
180 00 








Carried forw'd, 


$1,105,211 52 


$78,756 30 


$77,864 94 


$150,376 70 


$53,781 10 


$1,465,990 56 



Water Department. 
Table III. — Concluded. 



31 





COCHIT- 

UATE. 


Mystic. 




Style oe 
Premises. 


CD h£© 

-g-g 

O c ^3 


o 

CD 

u 
cS 

o 


cS 
CD 
00 

CD 

A 

O 


CD 

'> 
U 
CD 

a 

o 
m 


+5 

CD 
CD 


03 

O 

E-i 


Brought forw'd, 
Public build- 


$1,105,211 52 

532 00 

7,200 00 

1,044 46 

6,125 85 

18,294 23 

1,734 67 


$78,756 30 
44 50 


$77,864 94 
39 00 


$150,376 70 


$53,781 10 
32 50 


$1,465,990 56 
648 00 


Public Institu- 




7,200 00 

1,909 41 

6,694 27 
20.410 73 


Puddling 




231 63 

120 00 


303 32 330 00 

1 
133 34 | 94 00 


R estaur ants 
and lunches. 


221 08 

2,116 50 

80 33 


Schools 

Sewers (build- 


179 67 


146 25 55 17 


2,196 09 


Sewers (flush- 


502 25 

24,625 78 

1,148 32 

25,390 13 

4,412 09 

155 22 

153 34 

59,354 68 

224 04 

4,481 14 

345 00 

70 00 

100 00 

46,710 40 




100 00 

842 59 


40 00 

864 20 




642 25 




1,140 40 


236 25 


27,709 22 


Stables 

Steam-engines. 




1,148 32 

38,795 23 

4,990 83 

155 22 


2,868 45 
324 58 


1,791 35 
160 00 


6;774 99 1,970 31 
61 16 33 00 








98 31 

2.874 32 




251 65 




3,173 37 


2,964 01 


952 24 


69,318 62 
224 04 


Theatres (spe- 


I 


Town of Re- 






1 


4,481 14 
345 00 


Urinals (pub- 
lic) 




















70 00 


Washing carts, 
Watering sts.. . 










100 00 


50 00 


1,507 20 


4,731 28 


647 68 


53,646 56 


Totals 


$1,307,815 12 


$88,775 51 


$85,800 39 


$166,403 87 


$58,132 25 


$1,706,927 14 



32 



City Document No. 37. 



Table IV. 

Showing the purposes for whichwater was taken by Meter, and the districts 

where taken. 





Cochit- 

UATE. 


Mystic. 




Purposes for which 

"Water was taken 

by Meter. 


Boston, ex- 
cluding 
Cliarlestown. 


o 
os 

93 

A 
O 


O 


03 
H 

a 

o 

03 


+5 
H 


en 

O 

H 




8 

5 

61 

44 

25 

3 

9 

24 

1 

4 

12 

508 

234 

20 

12 

13 

16 

21 

103 

35 

18 

6 

59 

875 


4 


1 






13 








5 








2 


2 


65 


2 
1 
1 




46 










26 








1 
1 


5 






2 


12 








24 












1 




1 
2 
9 

29 


1 

5 
35 


2 




7 


Electrical companies 

Elevators and motors . . . 


15 


5 
25 


3 

7 


530 
330 




20 




2 


1 






15 






2 

1 
1 


15 


Halls , 


2 
1 
6 
2 
2 


1 
3 

3 
3 


1 
2 
3 
1 


20 




27 




112 




42 




24 




6 




9 
20 

3 
23 


2 
3 


5 

4 


1 


76 
902 


Navy Yard and barracks, 
Offices, stores and shops, 


3 


1,105 
7 

10 

13 

28 

322 

116 

4 

297 

58 

7 

1 

4 

15 

8 

62 


10 


26 


4 


1,168 

7 




1 








11 






1 
1 




14 


Public institutions 


2 

2 

14 




31 
324 




4 


19 

6 

26 

7 


8 

4 
1 


161 


Slaughtering-bouses .... 


10 


51 
13 


15 
5 


393 


Steam & Str't R.R. co.'s, 


84 

7 












1 












4 












15 












8 


Wharves and shipping. . 


6 


2 


2 




72 


Totals 


4,173 


208 


94 


140 


36 


4,651 







Water Department. 



33 



Table V. 

Showing the amounts assessed by Meter rates, the purposes for which and the 
districts where water was taken. 



Assessed by 
Meter Rates. 



Cochitu- 

ATE. 



Mystic. 



.Wife 

fl.So 

m 3 0> 

a 



Bakeries 

Bath-houses 

Boarding-houses. . . 

Bottling 

Breweries 

Cemeteries 

Chemicals 

Club-houses 

Chutes 

Distilleries 

Electrical compa- 
nies ; 

Elevators and 
motors 

Factories 

Fish-houses 

Gas-works 

Greenhouses 

Halls 

Hospitals 

Hotels 

Iron-works 

Laundries 

Markets 

Mills and engines. . 

Model-houses 

Navy Yard and bar- 
racks 

Offices, stores and 
shops 

Oil-works 

Parks 

Police-stations 

Public institutions. 

Saloons and restau- 
rants 

Schools 

Slaughtering- 
houses 

Stables 

Steam and street 
R.R. companies. . 

Stone-works 

Sugar-refineries 

Tanneries 

Theatres 

Warehouses 

"Wharves and ship- 
ping 



$386 00 

1,044 50 

3,681 90 

4,216 80 

38,383 30 

119 40 

709 50 

5,675 40 

729 00 

866 20 

22,707 30 

62,434 95 

57,361 20 

1,916 00 

15,114 10 

1,126 00 

2,558 35 

18,963 80 

59,864 50 

7,961 30 

7,632 10 

533 00 

11,495 05 

78,938 25 



141,810 

920 

1,550 

2,272 

17,271 

32,656 
16,386 

2,350 
19,016 

98,684 
1,928 

21,542 

600 

3,029 

4,913 



26,558 80 



$979 60 



197 30 
3,096 00 



246 90 

"i60'80 

848 10 

1,217 00 
3,252 90 



848 10 



77 00 
111 70 
683 50 
419 10 
666 10 



2,719 90 
1,367 60 

5,831 40 

1,687 60 



18 20 
3,482' 60 

65 80 

1,247 70 



2,506 20 
28,467 80 



4,176 20 



$84 00 



1,484 40 

187 20 

8,927 10 



180 70 



23 80 
1,933 10 



30 80 
256 70 



926 30 
270 00 



512 00 



139 30 



854 70 
3,095 60 



1,725 20 



$15 00 



$91 00 



453 60 
'227 20 



47 10 
2,097 60 



.61 96 
4,905 10 



45 00 
426 60 



27 60 



35 00 
204 80 
260 80 

56 00 



364 80 
191 10 



324 60 
423 70 



22 40 



1,201 60 



107 55 



58 80 
68 60 



1,240 30 

14,684 50 
1,787 55 

12,305 20 



307 40 



146 60 
152 30 



92 40 



$1,449 60 
1,044 50 
3,787 90 
4,414 10 

41,479 30 

166 50 

3,507 60 

5,675 40 

729 00 

1,254 20 

25,039 80 

63,946 11 

74,872 90 

1,916 00 

16,142 90 

1,153 60 

2,694 15 

21,213 40 

60,808 80 

8,832 00 

8,746 00 

533 00 

15,488 25 

80,999 55 

5,831 40 

145,318 87 

920 40 

1,568 50 

2,331 20 

20,822 60 

32,722 30 
19,321 20 

17,034 90 
24,311 90 

142,704 90 

1,928 00 

21,542 40 

600 90 

3,029 40 

4,913 80 

32,552 60 



Totals. 



$795,910 07 



,375 10 



$20,630 90 



5,406 71 



1,027 05 



$923,349 83 



34 



City Document No. 37. 



Table VI. 

Showing the quantities of water taken by Meter, the purposes for which and the 

districts where taken. 



Style of Premises 

taking Water 

by Meter. 



Cochit- 

UATE. 



• a 

- a +s 
a^ oj 

o o ™ 
M £ 



Mystic. 



Bakeries 

Bath-houses 

Boarding-houses. . . 

Bottling 

Breweries 

Cemeteries 

Chemicals 

Club-houses 

Chutes 

Distilleries 

Electrical compa- 
nies 

Elevators and mo- 
tors 

Factories 

Fish-houses 

Gas-works 

Greenhouses 

Halls 

Hospitals 

Hotels 

Iron-works 

Laundries 

Markets 

Mills and engines. 

Model-houses , 

Navy Yard and bar 
racks 

Offices, stores and 
shops 

Oil-works 

Parks , 

Police-stations 

Public institutions 

Saloons and res 
taurants 

Schools 

Slaughter'g-houses, 

Stables 

Steam and street 
K.R. companies. . 

Stone-works 

Sugar-refineries . . . 

Tanneries 

Theatres 

Warehouses 

Wharves and ship- 
ping 



Cubicft 

278,000 

793,000 

2,652,000 

3,145,000 

31,842,000 

85,000 

514,000 

4,487,000 

591,000 

686,000 

17,530,000 

47,773,000 
50,232,000 

1,451,000 

12,951,000 

830,000 

2,030,000 
15,644,000 
48,589,000 

5,188,000 

6,144,000 
386,000 

8,912,000 
60,244,000 



107,343,000 

752,000 

1,215,000 

1,712,000 

13,969,000 

24,491,000 

12,609,000 

1,879,000 

13,906,000 

99,743,000 
1,493,000 

24,898,000 

455,000 

2,311,000 

4,003,000 

21,264,000 



Cubicft. 
769,000 



Cubicft. 
60,000 



142,000 
2,560,000 



186,000 



119,000 

695,000 

925,000 
2,404,000 



1,217,000 

133,000 
7,060,000 



696,000 



132,000 



55,000 

80,000 

484,000 

304,000 

523,000 



17,000 
1,551,000 



22,000 
187,000 



2,154,000 
990,000 

5,004,000 

1,270,000 



739,000 
195,000 



362,000 



13,000 

2,861,666 

47,000 
907,000 



90,000 



1,790,000 
27,295,000 



601,000 
2,522,000 



3,416,000 



1,413,000 



Cubicft. 



7,000 



358,000 
170,666 



32,000 
3,688,000 



25,000 
153.000 
193,000 

40,000 



238,000 
313,000 



844,000 



42,000 
49,000 



897,000 

13,947,000 

1,304,000 

12,740,000 



66,000 



Cubicft. 



65,000 



34,000 
1,728,000 



16,000 
303,000 



18,000 



284,000 
141.000 



16,000 



73,000 



204,000 



100,000 
111,000 



Cubicft. 
1,107,000 

793,000 

2,724,000 

3,287,000 

34,402,000 

119,000 
2,786,000 
4,487,000 

591,000 

975,000 

19,442,000 

48,879,000 
63,687,000 

1,451,000 

13,779,000 

848,000 

2,127,000 
17,428,000 
49,266,000 

5,838,000 

6,995,000 

386,000 

12,059,000 

61,742,000 

5,004,000 

109,892,000 

752,000 

1,228,000 

1,754,000 

16,879,000 

24,538,000 
14,707,000 
15,826,000 
17,701,000 

142,411,000 

1,493,000 

24,898,000 

455,000 

2,311,000 

4,003,000 

26,159,000 



Totals 



655,020,000 



55,689,000 



16,301,000 



35,106,000 



3,093,000 



765,209,000 



Watee Depaktment. 



35 



r ^ 



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to 


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c« 


<u 


H 






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d 


tH t- 














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+= 


o 

a 


r-Ti-T 






< 






o 
























OH 






o 


7-1 CO 






fc 


CM r-l 








CM © © 






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a 




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36 



City Document No. 37. 



Tables VIII., IX. and X. represent the work of the Off 
and On Service, as follows : 

Table VIII. 





Cochit- 

UATE. 


Mystic. 




New Elevator, Motor, 
Fire and Service 
Pipes. 


Boston, ex- 
cluding 
Charlestown. 


o 

03 
CO 

T< 

cS 

O 


c3 
03 
m 

"3 
o 


CO 

'> 
u 

03 

a 

o 
w 


4J 

+i 
03 
U 
03 
> 


m 
"c3 

O 
H 




21 

6 

49 

2,420 










21 




1 








7 










49 




61 


73 


562 


227 


3,343 




Totals 


2,496 


62 


73 


562 


227 


3,420 





Table IX. 





COCHIT- 
UATE. 


Mystic. 




Turning Water Off 
and On. 


Boston, ex- 
cluding 
Charlestown. 


o 

03 
03 

U 
C3 

O 


03 
03 

03 

5 


03 

'> 
H 

03 

a 

o 


03 
U 

03 


02 

o 


For repairs in services... 
For non-payments 


1,268 
3,687 
1,592 
20 
3,173 
2,221 


6 

400 

90 

171 

51 








1,274 

4,119 

2,056 

22 


13 

128 

1 

349 

70 


12 
• 118 

484 
323 


7 
128 

1 
268 
213 


Turning on first time. . . . 


4,445 
2,878 






Totals 


11,961 


718 


561 


937 


617 


14,794 





e X. 



Cochituate. 



Mystic. Total 



Received for turning water off and on for re- 
pairs, deposited with the City Collector. . 



$1,742 50 



$221 00 



$1,963 50 



Water Department. 



37 



Table XI. 

Showing the kind of fixtures in use January 31, 1898, their number and 
the districts wherein located. 



Class of Fixtures 

in TTse 

January 31, 1898. 



COCHIT- 
UATE. 




Mystic. 




fl 


d 








A * 


£ 




CO 




<£> bJOO 


o 








-2b 




c3 




+= 


g-33 


C3 


<B 


u 
to 


CB 


£ S K 


Jh 




fH 




c« 


CO 


s 


CD 


O Oj) 


A 


rd 




t> 


PQ O 


o 


O 


02 


H 



Bath-tubs 

Bowls 

Foot-tubs 

Sinks 

Taps 

Urinals, automatic 
" otherwise 

Wash-tubs 

Water-closets 

Totals 



58,227 

92,640 

414 

153,298 

23,140 

4,622 

594 

90,853 

135,170 



558,958 



1,769 

2,545 

10 


2,430 

2,978 

6 


7,661 

8,009 

8 


12,459 

1,302 

101 


9,924 

1,178 

41 


17,639 

3,416 

25 


86 


37 


28 


2,295 
8,438 


2,851 
7,536 


9,517 
15,321 


29,005 


26,981 • 


61,624 



3,328 

3,096 

1 

5,860 

922 

2 

21 

3,195 

4,647 



21,072 



73,415 

109,268 

439 

199,180 

29,958 

4,791 

766 

108,711 

171,112 



697,640 



Table XII. 

Waste Detection - . 

Premises on which defective fixtures were found . 1,435 

Premises re-examined ...... 1,448 

Second notices to repair issued .... 116 

Wilful waste . .... . . . . 2 



The defective fixtures may be divided into the following 
classes: 



Ball-cocks and valves 

Sink, hopper, bowl and bath faucets 

Service pipes burst 

Wilful waste ..... 



959 
521 
120 

2 



Number of returns of waste received from the Waste 

and Deacon Division ...... 7,647 

Second notices on above issued from Income Division 

office 2,782 



38 



City Document No. 37. 



Table XIII. 

Elevator, Motor and Fire-Pipe Service, for the 
Year ending December 31, 1897. 



Total number of hydraulic elevators in service De- 
cember 31, 1897 

New elevators added to service during 1897 . 

Elevators changed to steam-power . 

Elevators changed to electric-power 

Elevator cylinders measured and clocks compared 

Elevator cylinders remeasured and clocks compared 

Elevator clocks found requiring readjustment . 

Elevator clocks found requiring repairs . 

Elevator mechanism found requiring repacking 

Total number of hydraulic motors hi service Decem- 
ber 31, 1897 

New motors added to service during 1897 

Number of buildings equipped with fire service De 
cember 31, 1897 

Number of visits made to such premises . 

Number of outlet valves inspected . 

Number of outlet valves sealed and resealed . 

Inspection of hydrants ..... 

Ensealing of hydrants ..... 



525 

16 

5 

13 

352 

148 

74 

28 

21 

121 

3 

443 
710 

5,254 

2,422 

158 

93 



METER SERVICE. 

The following tables represent the work of the Meter Ser- 
vice branch of the Income Division for the year ending Janu- 
ary 31, 1898: 

Table XIV. 

Statement of Meters for Year ending January 

31, 1898. 

Meters belonging to department, January 31, 1897 . 5,164 
Purchased during year . . . . . . 160 



Condemned during year . 
Lost in service during year 



17 

7 



5,324 
24 



Meters belonging to department, January 31, 1898 . 5,300 



Water Department. 



39 



Table XV. 

Distribution op Meters, January 31, 1898. 

In service ........ 4,937 

At department shop . . . . . . 274 

At factory for repairs . . . . . . 89 



5,300 



Table XVI. 

General Statement op Work Performed on Meters 
during Year endfng January 31, 1898. 



Applied 

Discontinued 

Changed 

Changed location . . 
Tested 

Repaired at shop. . . 
Repaired at factory 
Repaired in service 




Boxes. 



98 



142 



Table XVII. 

Meters Condemned. 





Diameter in 


Inches. 


Totals. 




2 


1* 


1 


t 


f 








2 
1 


10 
1 


1 
1 


12 


Ball & Fitts 






2 




1 




3 










Totals 


1 




3 


11 


2 


17 







40 



City Document No. 37. 



Table XVIII. 

Meters Applied. 





Diameter in Inches. 


Totals. 




6 


4 


3 


2 


n 


1 


1 


f 










11 
5 
3 


23 
14 
6 
2 


51 
34 
13 
3 


31 
21 
21 

18 
8 


81 
1 


116 






3 

2 


7 
1 


165 






47 






23 












8 


Ball & Fitts 








1 






1 
















1 


1 
















1 


1 






1 










1 
























6 


8 


20 


45 


101 


100 


83 


363 









Table XIX. 

Meters Discontinued. 







Diameter in 


Inches. 




Totals. 




4 


3 


2 


1£ 


1 


i 


I 




1 
2 


3 


7 
3 
2 


9 
8 
4 
3 


22 

12 

3 

6 


16 

24 

3 

37 


1 

58 

1 


56 




110 




12 








47 




1 


1 




2 


Ball & Fitts 


1 






1 


1 


2 












1 














2 


2 
















Totals 


4 


4 


13 


24 


43 


83 


61 


232 







Water Department. 



41 



Table XX. 

Meters Purchased. 





Diameter in Inches. 


Totals. 




6 


4 


3 


2 


1* 


1 


I 


f 






1 
3 


2 


2 
2 


11 
9 


21 
35 






35 




1 


23 
1 
14 


2 


75 




1 






1 


1 


4 


11 


16 


47 






2 




















Totals 


1 


5 


3 


8 


31 


72 


38 


2 


160 







Table XXI. 

Meters Repaired at Factory. 





Diameter in inches. 


Totals. 




3 


2 


u 


1 


t 


s 




2 


4 
20 
1 


3 
10 


15 
24 
3 


31 

11 
1 


151 
4 

2 


206 




58 




1 


18 


Ball&Fitts 


1 














Totals 


3 


25 


13 


42 


43 


157 


283 







42 



City Document No. 37. 



Table XXII. 

Meters Repaired in Service. 



Character of Repairs 

Clock defaced 

Hands loose 

Pawl stuck 

Spindle leaks 

Hands broken 

Unsatisfactory 

Stoppage 

Not registering 

Leak at coupling 

Clock detached 

Spindle stuck 

Spindle broken 

Ratchet broken 

Clock loose 

Leak at body 

Rust 

No force 

Hands stuck 

Leak at stop-cock 

Clock broken 

Glass broken 

Cap broken 

Gears did not mesh 

Piston stuck 

Total 



Totals. 



81 

14 

1 

172 

83 

5 

2 

21 

36 

3 

7 

4 

3 

2 

6 

1 

2 

2 

2 

7 

70 

195 

2 

1 



722 



Water Department. 



43 



Table XXIII. 

Meters Changed. 



Cause. 



Totals. 



Test 507 

Unsatisfactory 90 

Not registering , 

Frozen 

Stoppage 

Leak at body 

Clock defaced 

No force 

Clock broken , 

Relocation , 

Enlargement , 

Leak at spindle 

Spindle stuck 

Cylinder injured 

Clock out of order 

Clock lost , 

Leak at coupling 

Disconnected 

Cap loose 

Total 



597 

411 

9 

64 

19 

14 

63 

44 

15 

61 

41 

5 

1 

20 

3 

4 

1 

1 



1,373 



44 



City Document No. 37. 



Table XXIV. 

Meters in Service January 31, 1898. 





Diameter in Inches. 






6 


4 


3 


2 


U 


1 


I 


ft 


Totals. 




2 
7 


20 
43 
5 


34 
54 
12 


160 

86 

23 

4 


125 
162 
41 

18 


631 
371 

79 
118 


434 
460 
184 
543 


16 
1,227 

19 
1 
3 


1,422 
2,410 




363 






684 










3 
















42 


42 




1 


5 










6 




1 


1 










2 












1 








1 




























1 
1 


















1 






































Total 


11 


73 


101 


274 


346 


1,199 


1,665 


1,268 


4,937 







Table XXV. 
Meters at Factory for Repairs, January 31, 1898. 





Diameter in Inches. 


Totals. 




3 


2 


li 


1 


1 


f 










8 
2 
1 
3 


58 
2 


13 


66 










17 










1 






1 


1 






5 
















1 


1 


14 


60 


13 


89 









Water Department. 



45 



Table XXVI. 

Meters at Department Shop, January 31, 1898. 





Diameter m Inches. 


Totals. 




6 


4 


3 


2 


H 


1 


I 


1 






3 

2 


1 


5 
2 
1 


3 

2 
2 
2 


8 
4 
2 
4 


12 
12 
3 
39 
1 
6 
5 
1 


8 

102 

1 

2 

8 
1 


40 






124 






9 










47 


B. W. W 










1 










2 


3 


2 
1 


21 


Ball & Fitts 








7 














1 




1 




2 


2 






5 










1 
1 

1 


1 


















1 
















1 


1 
















1 














1 




1 


Beck & Co 














1 

4 
1 
2 
1 
1 
1 


1 
















1 
1 


1 
















5 
















1 


















2 


















1 














1 




2 














1 




















Totals 


1 


5 


3 


12 


12 


23 


82 


136 


274 







Respectfully submitted, 

J. H. Caldwell, 
General Superintendent Income Division. 



46 City Document No. 37. 



REPORT OF THE DISTRIBUTION DIVISION. 



Office of Superintendent of Distribution Division, 

710 Albany Street, Boston, February 1, 1898. 

Hon. John R. Murphy, 

Water Commissioner : 

I herewith submit the annual report of the Distribution 
Division for the year ending January 31, 1898. 

In accordance with instructions received from you on Jan- 
uary 5, 1898, the name of this division was changed from 
that of the Eastern Division to the Distribution Division. 

The taking, by the Metropolitan Water Board on January 
1, 1898, of certain portions of the Western and Mystic 
Divisions will necessitate a revision in our records, so that 
the summaries of pipes and fixtures in use will represent 
what belongs to the Distribution Division as it stands to-day, 
exclusive of what has been taken by the State. 

As this division supplied Somerville, Chelsea and Everett 
for eleven months of the year, I shall include the usual 
yearly statement of what has been done in these cities. 
This will appear apart from that which concerns the city of 
Boston. 

Main Pipe. 

City of Boston. — There were laid during the year, in con- 
nection with the distribution system of the city of Boston, 
28.2 miles of main pipe. Of this amount 5,601 feet were 
private mains, laid for various parties, and 2,093 feet were 
hydrant, blow-off and reservoir pipes. These two items are 
not included in the total length of our system. The total 
amount laid also embraces 948 feet of main pipe lowered, 
which, although it does not effect the total length of our sys- 
tem, represents an amount of labor greater than that usually 
involved in ordinary pipe-laying. 

Seven and five-tenths miles of pipe were abandoned, which, 
with the amount taken by the Metropolitan Water Board, 
makes the total length of our distribution system 666.2 miles. 

Of the 28.2 miles laid, 7 miles were relaid, a much 
greater amount than has been customary in previous years. 

A most helpful device in the form of a portable steam- 
boiler, having arrangements for thawing the frozen earth, was 



Water Department. 47 

introduced this year, enabling us to carry on our main-pipe 
work during the winter without interruption from frost. 

Last August we began laying the new 12-inch salt water 
main for the Fire Department. Starting near the corner of 
Atlantic avenue and Congress street, we continued through 
Congress street and Post-office square to Exchange place, 
through Exchange place and Central street to Atlantic ave- 
nue, at Long wharf. We then returned to Atlantic avenue, 
at Congress street, and laid in Congress street easterly to the 
bridge ; where, on account of the weather and other obstruc- 
tions, we stopped. The work will be resumed in the spring. 
It is necessarily a costly job, on account of its slow progress. 
This is occasioned by the conditions of the work, solid walls 
of masonry, old fire-reservoirs, steam-heating conduits and 
obstacles of all kinds being common occurrences. Besides 
this we are laying in connection with the fire-pipe a 3-inch 
cement-lined pipe, laid in concrete, to serve as a conduit for 
the electrical portion of the system. 

With the exception of a short distance at the junction of 
Columbus avenue extension and Centre street, which has 
been delayed by the construction of Stony Brook conduit, 
the 36-inch new high-service main laid- in Heath street in 
1895 is now complete to a point in Geneva avenue, about 
seventy feet from Blue Hill avenue. Near this point the 
main is reduced to thirty inches in diameter. We are now 
engaged in laying isolated sections of it further along in 
Geneva avenue and in Bowdoin street, which at some future 
time will be connected, giving to Dorchester a most efficient 
high-pressure supply. 

During the year an auxiliary main, 42 inches in diameter, 
was laid in Fisher avenue, Brookline, between Boylston 
street and the Fisher Hill Reservoir. This was much needed, 
as heretofore the high service of the city was practically de- 
pendent upon the original 30-inch main between those two 
points. 

A 20-inch low-service main was laid through Canton 
street, from Albany to Tremont streets, thus giving an effi- 
cient fire service to the dangerous lumber district. 

About 1,500 feet of 20-inch low-service main was laid in 
Border street, East Boston, also for better fire protection. 

The 24-inch main laid last year through Dorchester avenue 
and Adams street was reduced to 20 inches, and continued 
this year through Adams street to Minot street, a distance of 
over a mile. This gives considerable increase of head to this 
section. 

Some of the most important relaying jobs performed during 



48 City Document No. 37. 

the year were State street, between Washington and Com- 
mercial streets, where the old 12-inch pipe, which was in 
a most deplorable condition, was replaced by a 16-inch main ; 
Washington street, between Dover and Kneeland streets, 
where the old 6 and 12 mch pipes were replaced by a 16- 
inch main, and the dead ends at the Boston and Albany Rail- 
road bridge connected ; Maverick street, between New and 
Chelsea streets, where about 1,150 feet of 6-inch pipe was 
replaced with 16-inch ; Tremont street, between Warrenton 
and Boylston streets, where the old 8-inch was replaced by a 
12-inch, and Boylston street, between Tremont street and 
Park square, where the old 6-inch was replaced by a 12-inch. 

In that part of Federal street which was taken for the site 
of the new Union Station, and in portions of the adjacent 
streets, it was necessary to abandon the pipes and relay in 
their place 16 and 12-inch mains in New Cove street. 

Changes in our mains occasioned by the construction of 
the Subway have been carried on during the year, important 
among which are — Tremont street, at Court street, 185 feet 
of 12-inch relaid with 16-inch; Washington street, between 
Elm street and Dock square, 151 feet of 8-inch relaid with 
12-inch ; Adams square, between Devonshire street and 
Cornhill, 140 feet of 12-inch relaid with 12-inch; Cornhill, 
between Adams square and Court street, 475 feet of 12-inch 
relaid with 12-inch ; Tremont street, at Pemberton square, 
35 feet of 8-inch relaid with 8-inch ; Tremont row, at How- 
ard street, 72 feet of 4-inch relaid with 8-inch, and Court 
street, at Cornhill, 80 feet of 12-inch relaid with 12-inch. 

In the vicinity of Hogg's bridge it was necessary to tem- 
porarily relocate our 16 and 12 inch lines to allow of the 
construction of Stony Brook conduit. 

At Congress street, where the grade crossing is to be abol- 
ished, it was necessary to abandon our 30 and 24 inch 
mains in Congress and D streets, and relay them in Danby 
and B streets. The abandoned pipe which had been laid 
only a few years was taken out of the ground by contract, 
and has since been used in the construction of other lines. 
Several of the temporary lines laid during 1896, on account 
of the elevation of the tracks on the Providence Division of the 
N.Y., N.H. & H. R.R., and abandoned at a later date, were 
taken out of the ground during the past year, and at the 
present writing we are about to begin making the necessary 
changes in our pipes caused by the proposed elevation of the 
tracks on the Dedham branch of this railroad. 

Somerville, Chelsea and ^Everett. — The distribution sys- 
tem has been extended by the addition of 150 feet of 1^-inch 



Water Department. 49 

pipe, 70 feet of li-inch pipe, 1,029 feet of 2-inch pipe, 20 
feet of 4-inch pipe, 7,156 feet of 6-inch pipe, 1,421 feet of 8- 
inch pipe, 2,730 feet of 10-inch pipe, 1,050 feet of 12-inch 
pipe, 39 feet of 16-inch pipe and 858 feet of 20-inch pipe, 
making a total of 14,523 feet added to the system. Twenty- 
four thousand six hundred and seventy-five feet of pipe were 
relaid, replacing as a rule pipe of smaller sizes. 

Gates or Stop-Cocks. 

City of Boston. — Five hundred and twenty-seven gates 
were established and 179 abandoned ; of the former 11 were 
" blow-off " and seven private gates, and of the latter two were 
" blow-off " and one private gates. This would make the total 
number of gates in use, exclusive of " blow-off " and private 
gates, and also of those taken by the Metropolitan Water 
Board on January 1, as part of its system, 7,931. Special 
attention has been paid the condition of the gates this year. 
Our aim is to have every gate in thorough working order so 
in time of emergency they may not fail to operate. 

Somerville, Chelsea and JEverett. — In these cities 118 
gates of different sizes were established. ' 

Air-Cocks. 

City of Boston. — During the year 18 air-cocks were estab- 
lished in various parts of the city. 

Deacon Meters. 

City of Boston. — One was established in the Roxbury 
district and one on Deer Island. 

Somerville and Chelsea. — One was abandoned in each of 

these cities. 

Hydrants. 

City of Boston. — Four hundred hydrants were established 
and 218 abandoned, making a net increase for the year of 
182, and a total, exclusive of those taken by the Metropoli- 
tan Water Board on January 1, as part of its system, of 
7,235. 

The usual requests from the Fire Department for raising, 
lowering, relocating, changing style, and establishing new 
hydrants have been attended to promptly. These requests 
have become more frequent than in previous years, owing no 
doubt to the system now in vogue in the Fire Department, 
which requires a monthly report by the several District 



50 City Document No. 37. 

Chiefs on the condition of the hydrants in their districts. 
During the winter months, the Water Department makes a 
daily inspection of all hydrants in the important districts of 
the city, and a frequent inspection in suburban parts. In 
addition to this a small force of men are kept employed 
throughout the winter in pumping water and other accumu- 
lations from the hydrant boxes, and otherwise preventing 
liability of delay in the operation of these important means of 
protection against fire. Six thousand nine hundred and 
seventy-four bushels of salt were purchased by this depart- 
ment, and delivered to the Fire Department to be used on 
hydrants during the cold weather. 

Somerville, Chelsea and Everett. — There were established 
107 post-hydrants, and 32 were abandoned, making a net in- 
crease to the system of 75. 

Water-Posts. 

City of Boston. — Five water-posts were established dur- 
ing the year and two abandoned, making an increase of three, 
and the total number in use January 31, 1898, 408. The 
usual attention, such as painting, new valves, hose and coup- 
lings was given them. 

Somerville, Chelsea and Everett. — Three water-posts were 
established and two abandoned, making a net increase of one, 
and a total of 97 now in use in these cities. 

Fountains. 

City of Boston. — Three drinking fountains were estab- 
lished and four abandoned. One was also established for the 
Park Department in the North End Park. The services of 
two men are employed throughout the year in the care and 
maintenance of fountains, special attention being given to 
the sanitary condition of the same. 

Somerville, Chelsea and Everett. — One drinking fountain 
was established in Everett and one abpjidoned in Somerville. 

Service-Pipes. 

City of Boston. — Two thousand eight hundred and twenty 
service-pipes (64,128 feet) have been laid during the year, 
and 312 (7,072 feet) abandoned, showing a net increase of 
2,508 service-pipes (57,056 feet) for the year,' and making 
the total number of pipes now in use 82,026, with a length 
of 2,297,566 feet. 

Under the law governing the laying out of new streets, we 
were obliged to lay to vacant lots 453 service-pipes, with a 



Water Department. 



51 



length of 7,240 feet, from which no revenue is at present de- 
rived. 

Meters. 

On September 1, 1897, the meter service, which previous 
to that date was in charge of this division, was transferred 
to the Income Division, whose report will contain a statement 
of what was done during the past year. 

Machine, Carpenter and Blacksmith Shops. 

It has not been customary to state what work was done in 
these shops located at our yard, No. 710 Albany street, but, 
as requested by you, I give below a statement of the work 
performed. It does not include the small repairs. The 
articles manufactured are taken from the rough stock and 
finished ready for use. The boxes and other things made in 
the carpenter shop represent a small part of its work, as dur- 
ing a great portion of the year the force, which includes 
painters, is engaged on all kinds of work maintaining the 
property of the department. In fact, it is a very rare occur- 
rence now to have any repairs made by outside parties, except 
upon wagons and harnesses. 



Gates, 3-inch 

4 

6 

8 
10 
12 

Total . 
Corporation cocks, 



Machine Shop. — Manufactures. 



-inch 
u 

1 " 

14" 



Total . 
Nipples, |-inch. 



60 
113 

272 

108 

20 

24 

597 

2,984 
200 
183 

77 

3,444 

100 
100 
101 
175 

176 



Total 



652 



52 



City Document No. 37. 



Coupling nuts, 1-inch. . 


. 7,113 


tl a £ a 


177 


u a ^ u 


562 


" " li " 


202 


44 44 2 " 


150 


Total 


. 8,204 


Coupling tubes, f-inch. . 


. 5,834 


" " § " 


625 


44 44 ^ " 


589 


" " 1£ " . 


235 


44 44 2 " 


210 


Total 


. 7,493 


Male couplings, f-inch. . 


59 


44 44 ^ 44 


251 


" " H " . 


257 


44 44 2 " 


26 


Total 


593 


Plugs, f-inch ..... 


447 


« f » 


. . . 100 


" 1 " 


89 


« H " 


16 


" li« . 


20 


" 2 " .... 


16 


Total 


688 


Air-cocks ...... 


30 


Lowry hydrants . 


72 


Boston Lowry hydrants . . . . 


49 


Post hydrants . 


... 248 


Boston hydrants . . . . . 


11 


Salt water hydrants . . . . 


6 


Hydrant wastes, large . 


480 


Hydrant wastes, small . . . . 


40 


Set screws . . . . 


. 5,268 


Lowry hydrant bolts . 


. 1,124 


Post hydrant bolts . 


232 


Boston Lowry hydrant bolts . 


300 


Sidewalk tops 


. 3,601 



Water Department. 



53 



Thimbles, various sizes ..... 

Boston Lowry extensions . . 

Burnett valves ...... 

Two-inch female hose-couplings 
Three-inch to 2-inch reducing plugs 


66 

38 

126 

173 

47 


Repairs were made on the following : 




Gates of various sizes . 

Lowry hydrants ...... 

Boston Lowry hydrants . . . . 

Post hydrants ...... 

Boston hydrants ...... 


17 

253 

22 

16 

9 


Carpenter Shop — Manufactures. 




Lowry hydrant boxes ..... 

Boston Lowry hydrant boxes 

Post hydrant boxes 

Boston hydrant boxes ..... 

Gate-boxes ....... 

Wooden horses ....... 


159 
62 

228 
23 

579 

137 


Paving rammers ...... 


40 


Blacksmith Shop. 




Picks pointed ....... 

Picks resteeled ...... 


. 15,000 

225 



Maintenance. 

City of Boston. — We have made 2,781 repairs on pipes 
during the year, for causes of which see table appended. A 
most interesting exhibit is our statement of miscellaneous 
work performed, while it does not give an idea of the expense 
or the difficulties attached to each one of the jobs, still it 
will assist in forming an idea of how a part of the depart- 
ment occupied its time during the year, and shows what a 
variety of work we are called upon to perform. Among 
other things, 10,268 gate locations were either marked or 
remarked; 9,362 gates salted an account of cold weather; 
4,224 hydrant boxes cleaned out ; 1,646 hydrants repaired in 
service; 1,257 street repairs; 1,004 stop-cock or gate-boxes 
repaired in service ; 953 examinations caused by false re- 
ports; 833 meters hayed on account of cold weather; 808 
hydrants hayed for same reason ; 665 water posts repaired ; 
635 hydrant boxes repaired in service, and 426 sidewalk up- 
rights raised or lowered. 



54 City Document No. 37. 

Those parts of the various bridges over which our main 
pipes are carried have been given unusual attention this year. 
The supports were strengthened and renewed; the boxes 
covering the pipes repaired and painted, and in some in- 
stances replaced entirely. All excavations in the streets that 
were likely to expose our pipes were carefully inspected, with 
a view of protecting said pipes from damage, and in all cases 
where corporations were at work laying conduits, etc., in the 
streets, an inspection was made to prevent encroachment and 
the covering of our pipes by said corporations. 

Harbor Service. 

City of Boston. — Although no additional mains have been 
laid in the harbor this year, considerable attention has been 
given to the protection of the existing ones. Bulkheads 
have been built, and during the winter months it was neces- 
sary on several occasions to replace the earth which was 
washed away by the sea, thereby exposing our pipes to danger 
of breaking and freezing. As a precaution against freezing 
during the cold spells a small stream was allowed to run con- 
tinuously on Rainsford's and Galloupe's Islands. Located 
in various parts of the harbor are signs, warning ships not to 
anchor in the vicinity of our pipes. These have been re- 
paired and painted. 

Reservoirs and Stand-pipes. 

East Boston. — This reservoir is in good condition. 

Parker Hill. — The keeper's house has been thoroughly 
renovated, and with the rest of the property is in first-class 
condition. 

South Boston. — This reservoir is abandoned, and the con- 
nections with our system removed. 

College Mill. — Up to January 1, 1898, the time when this 
property was taken by the Metropolitan Water Board, this 
reservoir was maintained in its usual good condition, and 
handed over to the State in first-class order. About 300 feet 
of roadway on the grounds was macadamized. 

Fisher Hill and Brookline. — These two basins came under 
the care of this division January 1, 1898, and will require 
considerable attention before we can safely say they are in 
good condition. We are now repairing the buildings. 

Breed's Island Stand-pipe. — The extensive repairs re- 
ported as in progress in our last statement have been com- 
pleted, and the tower is now in the best condition. 



Water Department. 55 

Mb. Bellevue Sta7id-jjipe. — This building has been thor- 
oughly overhauled. New floors were laid, a copper sheathing 
placed between the upper and lower floors of the observatory, 
guard rails placed around the windows, the masonry pointed 
and the land surrounding the building graded. During the 
summer season the tower is well patronized for observation 
purposes, it being located on the highest land in the city of 
Boston. A keeper was placed hi charge of the grounds, with 
good results. 

Fire Reservoirs. 

During the year the following fire reservoirs were aban- 
doned on account of the operations of this department. 
Washington street, at Common. 
" « " Motte. 

" " " Davis. 

East Canton street, opposite No. 89. 

Pumping Stations. 

Mystic. — During that portion of the past year when this 
station was in our charge, Engine No.- 3 was stopped and 
thoroughly repaired. The pump plungers were taken out 
and cylinders scraped of corrosion and painted inside on the 
steam end. Three new piston valves and two new valve stems 
were set in place of old ones. The air-pump beams were 
taken out, relined and rebabbited, and pumps fastened to 
foundations. The lagging on all the pumps was repaired. 

The following is a statement of the time each engine was 
run up to December 31, 1897 : 

Engine No. 1, 2,365 hours, 15 minutes. 
" 2, 1,500 " 15 
" 3, 1,308 " 50 
« 4, 6,420 " 

Number of gallons of water pumped by all four engines 
4,404,156,637. 

In boilers Nos. 1, 2 and 3 it was found necessary to reline 
the fire boxes and place new arches over the fire doors. 
Three new sets of head plates were also required for the 
same boilers. A new brick floor was put hi the fire-room. 
The bridge at the pumping station was entirely rebuilt and 
painted, and the dwelling-house and other buildings located 
on the grounds were thoroughly overhauled and put hi first- 
class condition, preparatory to then." transfer to the State. 

West Roxbury. — Two new air-pumps were connected with 
the pumping apparatus, thus stopping the disagreeable noise 



56 City Document No. 37. 

in the pipes so frequently complained of in the past. Con- 
nection was made with the sewer in Washington street, giving 
to the station a much-needed drainage. 

Wayne street. — This station will in all probability be 
abandoned some time during the year, and at present answers 
all requirements. 

East Boston. — With the exception of placing new tubes 
in the boilers nothing was done at this station ; it being in a 
generally good condition. 

Yaeds. 

Albany street. — Although greatly cramped last year, this 
year the City Hospital took quite a slice off the yard for the 
purpose of building a coal-pocket, and this contracts our work- 
ing space to a degree where it is almost impossible to move 
around in the busy season. The stable which was in process 
of reconstruction at the writing of my last report was com- 
pleted during the year, and we now have an almost model stable. 
A large stationary derrick was erected in the yard which 
greatly facilitates the loading and unloading of heavy cast- 
ings. Our large stock of valuable patterns have been given 
space on the upper floor of the machine-shop and arranged, 
tagged and catalogued under the direction of the City 
Engineer. The buildings have been painted and repaired 
where necessary, and extra accommodations prepared for the 
meter service of the Income Department. 

Charlestown. — Extensive repairs have been made here. 
The fence has been entirely rebuilt ; the buildings painted, 
new doors and floors placed in the stable and new window 
frames in the repair shop. 

West Roxbury. — The removal to more commodious quar- 
ters recommended in last year's report has been made, and the 
beneficial results are most apparent. A two and one-half 
story wooden frame building serving as an office, workshop 
and stable, surrounded by a large and roomy yard, was 
secured on Williams street, West Roxbury, a short . distance 
from Washington street. This is a much more central loca- 
tion than the old one on Seaverns avenue, and will undoubt- 
edly answer the requirements of this large and growing 
district for some time to come. 

Dorchester, Brighton and East Boston have all received 
some attention as regards their condition, and are at present 
sufficiently equipped to handle the work in their districts. 
The Brighton District will, however, soon need better accom- 
modations. 



Water Department. 57 



Mystic Lake and Conduit. 

Constant attention was paid during the year to the condi- 
tion of the Lake and the streams entering it, with a view to 
removing as far as possible all foreign bodies. The conduit 
was flushed out several times, scraped and cleansed, and new 
planking placed on the bridge at the Lake. For statistics of 
the rain-fall, and rise and fall of water in the Lake, see En- 
gineer's report. 

Water-Sources. 

The following is a summary of the inspection work for the 
year 1897 : Total number of cases inspected, 382. The 
present condition of all inspected cases is: Present safe, 
279 ; seem safe, 9 ; suspected, 8 ; unsatisfactory, 17 ; reme- 
died, 69. Four legal notices were served. 



Electrolysis. 

Electrical tests have been made throughout the whole city. 
The object of these tests was first to determine the districts, 
if any, in which electrolytic action is marked, and then to 
ascertain the extent to which it is going on. The work so 
far has been confined principally to finding the potential 
differences between the pipes and the adjacent ground, as 
they furnish the information from which conclusions as to 
relative rates of electrolytic decomposition can be most readily 
drawn. The results obtained are merely comparative ones, 
but serve as a guide to the correct examination of the system. 



Deacon and Waste Service. 

The Deacon meter service has been continued during the 
past year with good results. Sixty-two of these meters were 
in operation for a period of seven months and twenty-three 
days, and 731 readings and tests were made on 150 sections. 
Seven hundred and eleven diagrams, showing results of 355 
readings of 24 hours, and 356 night tests, from 11 P.M. to 
4 A.M., were delivered to the Engineer for compilation. 

The inspection of premises for waste was continued during 
the entire year, principally in streets where the consumption 
of water had been shown by the Deacon meters to be exces- 
sive. The number of premises inspected during the year 
was 47,778; the number of streets, 823; waste reports 



58 City Document No. 37. 

made, 7,652 ; defective fixtures discovered, 9,211 ; premises 
re-examined, 11,121. 

Appended you will find tables showing details of the work 
performed. 

Yours respectfully, 

Hugh McNulty, 

General Superintendent Distribution Division. 



Water Department. 



59 



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Water Department. 



63 



Statement of Location, Size and Number of Feet of 
Main Pipe Relaid during the Year ending January 
31, 1898. 

Note. — C. P., indicates City Proper; Rox., Roxbury; W. R., "West Roxbury; Bri., 
Brighton; Dor., Dorchester; So. B., South Boston; E. B., East Boston; Chn., 
Charlestown. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 



Tremont st 

Danby st 

Essex st 

Adams st 

Bst 

Danby st 

Dover st 

Tremont st 

Boston Common 

Tremont st 

Washington st.. . 

State st 

Commercial st. . . 

Cove st 

Tremont st 

Blue Hill ave. . . . 
Centre st 

Maverick st 

Adams sq 

Washington st.. 

Tremont st 

Dover st 

India st 



Opposite Common st. 
C and D sts 



Total 30-inch . 



At Washington st 

" Tenean brook 

Danby and Congress sts. 



B and C sts 

Total 24-inch 



At Washington st 

" School st 

Opposite Mason st 

School st. and Scollay sq. 
Kneeland and Dover sts. 



Washington and Commercial sts. 

At State st 

Kneeland and Essex sts 

At Court st 

Walk Hill and Fessenden sts 

At Hogg's Bridge 



New and Chelsea sts. 
Total 16-inch 



Devonshire st. and Cornhill. 

Elm st. and Dock sq 

Opp. Common st 

At Washington st 

" State st 

Carried forward 



C.P. 

So.B. 



C.P. 
Dor. 

So.B. 



C.P. 



Dor. 
Rox. 



E.B, 



C. P. 



30-in, 



24-in. 



20-in. 
16-in. 



12-in, 



11 

526 



5 
72 
9S5 

542 

1,604 



12 

21 

5 

424 

2,580 

1,174 

15 

860 

1S5 

8 

210 

160 

1,154 

6,798 



140 

151 

12 



30-in. 



24 and 
30 in. 



24-ln. 
12-in. 



24 and 
30 in. 



20-in. 

12-in. 

8-in. 

12-in. 

12 and 
6 in. 

12-in. 
ii 

6-in. 
12-in. 
16-in. 

ii 

6-in. 



12-in. 

8-in. 
12-in. 

8-in. 
12-in. 



407 



64 



City Document No. 37. 



Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 


Between what Streets. 


+5 

GQ 

5 




3 

a 
a> 
Hi 


S3 . 

a a> 

Iffl 

O 










407 

12 

32 

33 

6 

5 

775 

18 

289 

905 

166 

144 

925 

475 

80 

381 

30 

760 

20 

17 

7 

16 

21 

802 

50 

550 

679 
23 
24 
125 
6 
5 
20 
14 






At State st 


C. P. 
Dor. 

So. B. 
Box. 


12-in. 


6-in. 








12-in. 


u (1 










„ 






„ 






6-in. 






12-in. 




Union Park and Waltham sts. ,., 


6-in. 
12-in. 










6-in. 




Boylston and Warrenton sts 


8-in. 


Cornhill 


12-in. 




At Cornhill 






At Blue Hill ave 


6-in. 


Walk Hill at 


12-in. 






10-in. 


"Walk Hill st 




12-in. 




West of Norfolk st 








,, 






„ 






„ 






6-in. 












I( 




Savin Hill ave. and Evandale ter- 


(i 






6-ln. 




Washington st. and Geneva ave. . . 
" " Wilder st 


12-in. 
6-ln. 


Clifton st 


12-in. 










Washington st. and Walnut ave... 


4-in. 




12-in- 






7,822 















Water Department. 65 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 


Between what Streets. 


"u 

s 


6 


"8> 
a 

Hi 


"3>.2 
O 










7,822 

210 

220 

80 

96 

202 

1,353 

20 

280 

744 

12 

188 

20 

9 

4 

7 

786 

600 

43 








Rox. 

W. Rox. 
Bri. 

Chn. 
E. B. 

41 

B'kline. 


12-in. 


12-in. 




(i si (< 






K ■< si 




' 


,, 






8-in. 




Washington st. and Columhus ave., 
" " Highland st 


6-in. 




12-in. 


Commonwealth ave., 




6-in. 




12-in. 






6-in. 






12-in. 










« 




(( 






6-in. 










12-in. 




Total 12-inch 








12,696 








C. P. 

Chn. 


10-in. 






1,127 

34 

209 












€ 




Total 10-inch 






1 ,370 








C. P. 
Dor. 


8-in. 






10 

390 

449 

410 

72 

35 

8 

8 

168 






Washington and Shawmut ave 






4-in 




6-in 










8-in. 

CC 














6-in 










1,550 















66 City Document No. 37. 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In -what Street. 



Hilton st 

Green st 

Hull st 

Pine st 

Maverick st 

Liverpool st 

Garland st 

Lucas st 

Cherry st 

Davis st 

Asylum st 

Bumstead court. . . 

Lovering pi 

Asylum st 

Boylston pi 

Ashtonpl 

Webster ave 

Unity court 

Wiget st 

Gray st 

Pelham-st. pi 

Carlton st 

Exeter pi 

Paul st 

Alden st — . — .. 

Tamworth st 

Lawrence st.. .... . 

Hay market pi 

Carlton st 

Berwick pk. . . — 
Van Rensselaer pi 
Seaver pi 



Between what Streets. 



Brought forward 

From Swett st 

High and Main sts 

Chelsea and Vine sts 

Off Vine st 

New and Chelsea sts 

Intersection of Maverick st. 



Total 8-inch. 



At Washington st. 



Boylston st 

Washington and Harrison ave. 



Prom Boylston st. 

Off Charles st 

At Unity st 



Salem and North Margin sts.. . 
Clarendon and Berkeley sts... 

From Pelham st 

At West Newton st 

Harrison ave. and Chauncy st. 

Tremont and Emerald sts 

Court and Sudbury sts 

At La Grange st 

Berkeley and Dartmouth sts... 

From Avery st 

At Berwick pk 

At Carlton st. . , 

Off Tremont st 



Carried forward . 



Rox. 
Chn. 



E. B. 



C. P. 



6-in, 



1,550 

300 

190 

3 

3 

12 
6 



2,064 



24 
27 
27 
14 

6 

7 



20 

28 

17 

12 

250 

630 

22 

36 

180 

480 

240 

15 

1,260 

249 

50 

27 

22 

3 



4,333 



Water Department. 67 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 





A 








M 




a 


02 


Hi 



Clifton st 

Blue Hill ave 

Virginia st 

Holden pi 

Fenton pi 

Savin Hill ave 

Bispham st 

Everett ave 

E st 

Bowen st 

Goldst : 

CI it 

Broadway 

Goldst 

Mercer st 

Becklerave 

Gst 

Gates st 

Gates st 

Silver st 

Gold st 

Dacia pi 

Dacia terrace 

Willow pk 

Adams pi 

Kensington pk 

Centre st. pi 

Bromley st 

Walnut pk 

West Walnut pk 

Custer st 

Sycamore st 

Concord ave 



Brought forward , 

At Dudley st 

At Glen way st 

At Davenport ave 

From Dudley st , 

From Greenwich st., north side , 
" " " south " 

At Grampian way , 

From Park st 

From Stoughton st 

North of Sixth st 

At E st 



AtFst 

At B st 

D and Dorchester sts 

At Yale st 

From K st 

At James ave 

Dorchester and Telegraph sts. 

Telegraph and Eighth sts 

Dorchester and G sts 

B st. and R.R 

From Dacia st 



Off Shawmut ave. 



From Williams st 

Off Warren st 

" Centre " 

At Old Heath st 

Washington st. and Walnut ave 

" " " Columhus ave. 
At Arborway 

" Ridge st 

Concord and Jefferson sts 

Carried forivard 



Dor. 



So.B. 



Rox. 



W. Rox. 



Chn. 



6-in. 



4,333 

36 

44 

4 

26 

27 

4 

26 

174 

4 

3 

18 

50 

52 

S 

1,597 

14 

254 

5 

440 

616 

658 

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34 

36 

168 

15 

52 
140 
12 
1,184 
11 
3 
10 
24 



10,233 



4-ln. 
6-in. 



4-ln. 



6-in. 
3-in. 

6-in. 



4-in, 

6-in. 
4-in. 
6-in. 
4-in. 
6-in. 
4-in. 



3 and 
6 in. 



4-in. 



6-in. 

4-in. 

12-in. 

6-in. 

4-in. 



68 City Document No. 37. 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Concluded. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 



aj 

■&.s 



Sullivan st 

Sullivan st 

Stacey st 

Ellwood st 

Hudson st 

Tufts court 

Tufts court 

Ludlow st 

Hullst 

Pinest 

Auburn ave. 

Avon pi 

Wall st 

Mason ct 

Wesley st 

Linwoodpl 

London st 

Havre st 

Paris st 

Murray ct 

Boston Dye Wood 
Company Wharf. . 

Dry Dock Company 
Wharf 

Haynes st 

Sumner st 

Trumbull st 

Mason ct 

Wesley st 

Exeter pi 

Hudson st 

Avon pi 



Brought forward 

Russell and Bunker Hill sts. 
Off Main st 



Chelsea st 

Tufts st 

Corey st 

Mead st 

Chelsea and Vine sts. 

Off Vine st 

" Auburn st 

Off Sullivan st 



Off Main st 

Intersection of Maverick st. 



Off Orleans st. 



Border st. 



" Orleans st 

New and Border st. 

Total 6-inch 

At Newland st 

off Sullivan st 



Total 4-inch . 

Off Chelsea st.. 

" Sullivan st.. 

Total 3-inch . 



Chn. 



E. B. 



C.P. 

Chn. 



10,233 
217 
48 
36 
24 
16 
36 
24 
30 
209 
36 
25 
13 
29 
16 
15 
54 
11 
12 
16 
40 

20 

20 
35 
34 



11,249 



Chn. 



^3-in. 



4-in. 



3-in. 
4-in. 



3-ln. 
4-in. 



4-in. 



6-in. 



4-in. 



3-in. 



3-in. 



Water Department. 



69 



Statement of Location, Size and Number of Feet of 
Main Pipe Extended during the Year ending Jan- 
uary 31, 1898. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 



Fisher ave 

Boylston st 

Fisher ave 

Old Heath st 

Blue Hill ave 

Georgia st 

Elm HiU ave 

Buthven st 

Walnut pk 

West Walnut pk. . . 
Columbus ave. 

Fisher ave 

Geneva ave 

Bowdoin st 

C st 

Geneva st 

Blue Hill ave 

Adams st 

Danby st 

South st 

Roadway of Arnold 
Arboretum (con- 
tract) 

South st. (contract) 

Canton st 

Tremont st 

Adams st 

Border st 



Boylston st. and Reservoir 

Opposite Fisher ave 

Boylston st. and Reservoir 

New Heath and Columbus ave 

Geneva ave. and Georgia st 

Blue Hill and Elm Hill aves 

Georgia and Ruthven sts 

At Elm Hill ave 

Walnut ave. and Washington st 

Washington st. and Columbus ave.. .. 

West Walnut pk. and Stony brook 

Total 36-inch 



Brookline, 



Rox. 



1,108 

18 

124 

547 

69 

1,117 

63 

73 

1,280 

166 

1,995 



5,452 



Boylston st. and Reservoir . . 

Olney and Bowdoin sts 

Homes ave. and Westville st. 

At Danby st , 

From Blue Hill ave 

Geneva ave. and Georgia st. . 
Total 30-inch , 



Junction Neponset ave 

D and E sts 

Arnold Arboretum and Morton st. 

Westerly from South st 



Northerly from entrance to Arnold 
Arboretum 



Total 24-inch . 



Albany and Tremont sts. . . . 

At West Canton st 

Neponset ave. and Minot st. 

Maverick st. and Central sq. 

Total 20-inch... 



Brookline, 

Dor. 

it 

So. B. 
Dor. 
Rox. 



Dor. 
So. B. 
W.R. 



C. P. 



Dor. 
E. B. 



30-in, 



32 

610 

662 

7 

68 

166 

1,545 



24-in. 



20-in 



24 
71 

508 

623 
220 



1,446 

2,554 

32 

5,474 

1,506 



9,566 



70 



City Document No. 37. 



Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 


Between what Streets. 


o 

'u 

CO 

p 


CD 

55 


"Si 
a 

o 
Hi 






Dor. 

So. B. 
Rox. 

E. B. 


16-in. 


211 






56 






5 






1,315 






57 






808 






6 




7 






41 










2,506 




Over B. & A. R.R. bridge 


C.P. 
Dor. 


12-in. 


115 






40 






113 






20 






13 




27 




ii ■■ ii 


32 




17 






5 






285 






271 






671 




356 




Savin Hill ave. and Evandale terrace, 


607 
294 






19 






1,210 
232 






316 




1,232 




995 






40 


Kilton gt 




84 






417 










7,311 











Water Department. 71 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Fairmount ave. . 

Ogden st 

Park st 

Woodlawn ave. . 

Oakland st 

.Richmond road . 

Capen st 

Eomsey st 

Kilton st 

Adams st 

Woodlawn ave. . 
Bakersfield st. ; 

Geneva ave 

Bernard st 



Normandie st 

Massachusetts ave. 

Danby st 

Est 

Congress st 

East First st 

Qst 

Nst 

Shirley st 

Columbus ave 

Calumet st 

Vancouver st 

Centre st 

Calumet st 

Ritchie st 

Heath st 

Columbus ave 

Heath st 

Blue Hill ave 



Between what Streets. 



Brought forward 

Washington and Ogden sts 

At Fairmount ave 

Waldeck and Greenbrier sts 

W. Selden and Delhi sts 

Regent road and Haven st 

Randolph road and Oakland st. . 

Norfolk and Evans sts ; 

W. of Sidney st 

From "Washington st 

At Lonsdale st.. ..„ 

From W. Selden st 

Stoughton and Willis sts 

Corona st. and Homes ave 

Nightingale and W. Park sts 

At Culvert • 

From Lawrence ave 

Boston and Clapp sts 

D and E sts 

Danby and Congress sts 

E st. and L-st. bridge 

P and Q sts 

First and Second sts 

At E. First st 

Roswell and Clifton sts 

West Walnut pk. and Dimock st. 

From Hillside st 

Buggies st. and Huntington ave. 

At Cedar st 

From Hillside st 

At Centre st 

At Day st 

Dimock st. and Stony brook 

Lawn and Day sts 

Geneva ave. and Georgia st 

Carried forward 



Dor. 



So. B. 



Kox. 



12-in 



7,311 

127 

4 

60 

204 

1,188 

652 

260 

235 

305 

17 

195 

812 

656 

630 

29 

270 

328 

512 



530 

40 

41 

24 

8S2 

347 

270 

3 

45 

22 

95 

1,123 

550 

34 



19,629 



72 City Document No. 37. 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 



Heath st 

Bass wood st 

So. Huntington ave 

Cranford st 

Arborway 

Merlin st 

Hyde Park ave 

Colberg ave 

Park st 

Beech st 

Centre st 

Merlin st 

Selwynst 

Montehello road . . . 

Beech st 

Atherton st 

Lassell st 

Maple st 

Baker st 

Oakland st 

Faneuil st 

Nonantum st , 

Blackington st 

Frankfort st , 

Devonshire st 

Congress st 

Greenbrier st 

Tonawanda st 



Brought forward , 

Lawn and Cranford sts 

From South Huntington ave. . . . 

Floyd and Bynner sts 

From Heath st 

Heath and Floyd sts 

Hamp stead road and Centre st.. 

Washington and South sts 

Centre and Weld sts 

Walk Hill and Patten sts 

Malcom and Cornell sts 

Montello and Malcom sts 

Centre st. and Clement ave 

Near Washington st 

At Belgrade ave 

Fletcher and Farquhar sts 

Centre and Weld sts 

Arundel and Mozart sts 

From Walnut ave.' 

At Belgrade ave 

Amory and liamartine sts 

Dent and Perham sts 

From Weld st 

Ballinakill ave. and Johnson st. 

Washington and Faneuil sts 

Oakland and Hobart sts 

At Newton line 

Walley and Leyden sts 

Off Maverick st 

Total 12-inch 



Franklin and Milk sts 

From Atlantic ave. (east) . 
Bloomfleld and Park sts... 

From Greenbrier st 

Carried forward 



Kox. 



W. Box. 



Bri. 



E.B. 



C. P. 



Dor. 



10-in. 



19,629 
174 
473 
805 
950 
225 
334 
319 
199 
310 
146 

96 
117 

96 

96 
139 
145 
109 
270 

66 
715 
225 
221 
338 
592 
671 
108 

96 
200 
2 7,864 

92 

380 
786 



Water Department. 73 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 


Between what Streets. 


o 

CO 

s 


5 


Ml 

a 

CD 










1,264 






Dor. 

Box. 
W. Rox! 


10-in. 


' 1,755 




260 






263 






394 






74 


tt tf 




36 










4,046 






C. P. 
Dor. 


8-in. 


98 




Berkeley st. and B. & A. R.R. bridge, 


132 




208 






477 






6 






212 






35 






479 






678 






311 






93 




At Blue Hill ave 


23 






8 






200 






536 




Richmond and Rockingham roads 


527 
722 
451 






3 




300 






10 






502 






39 






360 






125 






82 










6,617 











74 City Document No. 37. 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 



Spencer st 

Greenwood st. 
Private way . . 
Wellesleypk... 
Eosseter st. 
Melville ave. . . 
Wellesley pk. . 

Egmont st 

Fargo st 

Wormwood st. 

Hilton st 

Sherwood st. . . 
Bragdon st. . . . 

Bynner st 

Buggies st 

Norway st 

Turner st 

Areola st 

Dunreath st. . . 

Day st 

Cranford st. . . 

Willow st 

Patten st 

Wachusetts st, 

Hemlock st 

Clement ave. . . 
Aldworth st... 

Hautvale st 

Clarendon ave 
Wiedman st... 

Winslow st 

Fletcher st 

Montclair ave. 
Farquhar st. . . 



Brought forward 

At W. Park st. 

" May st 

From Fremont st 

Melville ave. and Park st. 

From Bowdoin ave 

Upland st. and railroad. . . 

At Melville ave 

From E st 



Dor. 



At New England Railroad 

From Swett st 

" Norfolk ave 

At Columbus ave 

Catalpa and Day sts 

Parker st. and Huntington ave 

Massachusetts ave. and Parker st. 

Haviland and Astor sts 

From Day st 

Aspen and Warren sts 

At Heath st 

Heath and Floyd sts 

Dunbar and Weld sts 

Hyde Park ave. and Rodman st... 

Patten and Rodman sts 

Washington and Bellevue sts 

Stratford ave. and Park st 

From Centre st 

" Clarendon ave 

Beech and Hautvale sts 

From Canterbury st 

Per ham and Temple sts 

Montclair ave. and Centre st 

From Fletcher st 

Centre and South sts 

Carried forward 



So. B. 



Box. 



W. Rox. 



Water Department. 



75 



Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Tower st 

Kittredge st 

Cornell st , 

Mapletonst 

Ayr road 

Orkney road — 
Allston Heights 
Eidgemont st. . . , 

Union st 

Green st 

Lovering pi 

Water st 

Devonshire st. . . 

Otis st 

Grenville pi 

Sears st 

Devonshire st. . 

Portland st 

Hathaway pi. . . 
Washington st. . 
Blackwell st.... 

Barton st 

Lewis st 

Noyes pi 

Mascot ave 

Elmo st 

Banfield st 

Coffin st 

Oakwood ave... 

Pleasant st 

Salcombe st. ... 
Trescott st 



Between what Streets. 



Brough t forward 

From Hyde Park ave 

At Cornell st 

" Kittredge st 

Murdock and Market sts 

Beacon st. and Orkney road. 

Prom Ayr road 

" Eidgemont st 

At Allston Heights 

" Shannon st 

High and Main sts 

Total 8-inch 



At Washington st 

Devonshire and Congress sts. 

At State st 

From Summer st 

At Columbus ave 

Central wharf and India st 

State and Water sts 

Travers and Merrimac sts 

Off Congress st 

At W. Canton st 

From St. Botolph st 

At Milton st 

Moon and North sts 

From Salem st 

" Ballou ave 

" Erie ave 

" Woodlawn ave 

" Savin Hill ave 

" Cap en st 

" Savin Hill ave 

" Stoughton st 

" Bakersfield st 

Carried forward 



W. Eox. 



Bri. 



Chn. 



C. P. 



Dor. 



8-in. 



6-in. 



15,626 

658 

39 

134 

1,005 

254 

326 

290 

12 

80 

79 

1S,503 

17 

108 

38 

188 

142 

345 

291 

60 

85 

12 

270 

90 

144 

180 

230 

380 

3 

325 

183 

85 

183 

12 

3,321 



76 City Document No. 37. 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Between what; Street. 



Hinckley st 

Percival ave 

Corona st 

Oakley st 

Holiday st 

Burt ave 

Gawain st 

Browning ave.. 

Helen st 

Drayton ave 

Flint st 

Peverall st 

Newhall ave. . . . 

Monson st 

May " 

Mascot ave 

Wellesley pk. . . 

Norton st 

Bellevue st 

Burt ave 

Hartland st 

Malvern st 

Trescott " 

Soudan " 

Mallett " 

Dorchester way 

Pond st 

Proposed st. 
Castle Rock st. . 

Dakota st 

Vinson " 

Gibson " 

Ditson " 



Brought forward 

From Bakersfield st.. 

" Bowdoin st. . . 

" Geneva ave. . . 



West of " " 

East of " " 

From Washington st. . . 
Harvard and Park sts. 
From Bernard st 



" Qumcy " 

" Norfolk " 

" Salcombe st 

Adams and Newhall st 

From Stur bridge st 

Glenway and Greenwood sts.. . 

From Ballou ave 

Mevillle ave. and Park st 

From Stonehurst st. . . 

Columbia and Trull sts 

Washington and Ashmont sts.. 

Sydney st. and Tuttle ave 

Adams and Milton sts 

From Faxon st 

" Sydney " 

Adams st. and Shaw pk 

Dorchester ave. and Pond st. . . 
From Dorchester way 

" Pond st 

" Grampian way 

Geneva ave. and Greenbrier st. 

At Geneva ave 

From Dorchester ave 

Charles and Josephine sts 

Carried forward 



Dor. 



Water Department. 77 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Ditson st 

Duke st 

Lindsay st 

Stratford st 

Samoset st 

Rosemont st. . . . 

May st 

Blue Hill ave.. . 

Tileston st 

Chamberlain st. 

Ellet st 

East st 

Brunswick st. . . 

Dracut st 

Hunter st 

Southern st 

Hopestill st 

Athelwold st. . . 
Mattapan st. . . . 
Moultrie ave. . . 

Nevada st 

Roach st 

Edson green .. . 

Devon st 

White terrace. . 
Boland road — 

Selden st 

May st , 

Harrison st 

Coleman st 

Oakwood ave.. , 

Dudley st 

Virginia st. 

Morton st 

Rupert st , 



Between what Streets. 



Brought forward 

Leroy and Westville sts. 
Ponemah and Ormond st. 
From Greenbrier sts 



Dor. 



Welles ave. and Centre st 

Samoset st. and Dorchester ave. — 

From Glenway st 

Walk Hill and Ponemah sts 

From Blue Hill ave 

Cook and Algonquin sts 

Adams st. and Dorchester ave 

Highland ave. and Dorchester ave. 

From Blue Hill ave 

Dorchester ave. and Bruce st 

From Morton st 

" Washington st 

" Southern ave 

At Culvert 

From Tileston ave 

Allston and Seaborn sts 

At Fairmount ave 

From Dorchester ave 

Dorchester ave. and Pond st 

From Blue Hill ave 

Lauriat ave. and Jones ave 

Randolph road and Oakland st 

Morton and Capen sts 

From Glenway st 

Greenhill and Preston sts. 

At Quincy st , 

From Capen st , . 

Monadnock and Virginia sts 

From Dudley st 

West of Bowdoin st 

From Kilton st 

Carried forward 



6-in. 



62 
627 
23 
30 
393 
550 
48 
704 
16 
192 
129 
80 
24 
100 
100 
141 
30 
27 
42 
627 
6 
51 
1,385 
60 
264 
359 
160 
60 
206 
32 
19 
250 
115 
54 



15,968 



78 City Document No. 37. 

Statement of Location, Size, etc. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 



Oak ave 

Pierce ave 

Barry st 

it 11 

Adams st 

Dudley st 

Bellevue st 

Sawyer ave 

Bellevue st 

Woodlawn ave. 
Granville st. 
Cunningham st. 

Gold st 

Champney st. . . 

Broadway 

Sixth st 

Boswell st 

Glenhrook st. . . 
Rockledge st. . . 
Columbus ave. . 

Bragdon st 

Colony pi 

Hamerton st 

Linden Park st 

Cherokee st 

Gay st 

Buggies st 

Wensley st 

Daniel st 

Carmel st 

Zamora st 

Heath st 



Brought forward . 
Adams and Plain sts. 



South of Barrington st 

North of Barrington st 

Rosemont and King sts 

Virginia st. and Upham's Corner.. 

East of Quincy st 

West of Quincy st 

At Cushing ave 

Prom Barrington st 

Prom Savin Hill ave 

Prom Milton st 

Prom Hartford st 

C and D sts 

Prom Mercer st 

E and P sts 

AtFst 

Shirley and Langdon sts 

Dewey and Dalmatia sts 

Lambert ave. and Thornton st 

West Walnut pk. and Dimock st. . . 

At Columbus ave 

Off Fellows st 

Prom Humboldt ave 

From Gay st 

From Hillside st 

At Linden Park st 

Huntington ave. and Pens 

Prom Heath st 

Mall and Webber sts 

From Tremont st 

Perkins and Castleton sts 

Cranford and So. Huntington ave. 
Carried forward 



Dor. 



6-in. 



So. B. 



Box. 



Water Department. 
Statement of Location, Size, etc. 



79 



Continued. 



In what Street. 


Between what Streets. 


_o 




.a 

s 

a 






5 












21,956 


Floyd st 


Cranford and So. Huntington ave 


Box. 


6-ln. 


200 








„ 


149 








„ 


50 








„ 


84 








,, 


59 








„ 


24 








,, 


335 






" 


60 






418 








,, 


120 








,, 


27 








" 


44 






33 




Off Columlras ave., north of Dimock st., 


1,114 


Proposed street (from 
6-inch main) 




« 


22 


Proposed street (from 
12-inch main) 


u „ 






26 


Proposed street 


" " 2d " 




" 


18 




Prom Bell st .... 


W. Box. 


l( 


226 






346 








, ( 


212 








" 


72 


Maxfield st 


" Eliot st 


277 






« 


201 






87 








" 


78 


Eldredge st 




96 








,, 


27 








,, 


192 




From Weld st 




•' 


372 






200 






38 








,, 


222 




At Enfield st 




» 


70 










27,545 












80 City Document No. 37. 

Statement of Location, Size etc. — Concluded. 



In what Street. 


Between what Streets. 


CO 

8 


03 
03 


to 

a 

<v 

1-1 










27,545 






W. Rox. 

Bri. 

Chn. 
E. B. 


6-in. 


36 






140 


Flora 6t 




217 






84 


Fletcher st 


168 






111 






594 






360 






79 






115 




Boylston st. and Spring Park ave 


120 


" pi 


15 






96 






145 






36 






36 






142 


Telford st 




366 






65 






173 






158 






277 






60 






204 




Total 6-inch 








31,342 






Rox. 
Bri. 

Brookline. 


4-in. 


72 




264 


Fisher ave 




68 










404 













Water Department. 



81 



Statement of Private Mains Laid and Relaid during 
the Year ending January 31, 1898. 



For whom Laid. 


"Where Laid. 


Hi 

53 


■a 

U 

a 




Arborway, between "Washington and 


10-in. 

4-in. 
6-in. 

12-in. 

16-in. 

8-in. 






359 


i< «< 


Arborway, between Hampstead road 






88 


it it 


Atlantic ave., Congress, Central sts. 


216 


it ii 
Fire Department (salt 


390 




3,870 


Town of Brookline (re- 
laid) 


Fisher ave. between Boylston st. and 




660 


Town of Brookline (re- 
laid) 


Fisher ave., between Boylston st. and 






18 










5,601 










ftw — rm " ' 



Statement of Main Pipe Lowered. 



In what Street. 


Between what Streets. 


o 

'B 

DO 

5 


53 


bO 
Pi 

CO 


Blue Hill ave 




Dor. 
"W.R. 


164n. 
12-in. 

ii 


100 
100 
100 

77 










Walk Hill st 










277 






Dor. 

Box. 
W.R. 


8-in. 
6-in. 

ii 


200 
68 
26 










Adelaide st 


Boylston st. and Spring Park ave. . . . 
Total 6-inch 


277 






371 














^^^^™ 



82 City Document No. 37. 

Statement of Main Pipe Abandoned, 



In what Street. 



Tremont st . 
D st 

Fisher ave. 



Essex st. ... 
Congress st. 



Dover st. . . 
Thomas pk. 



Columbus ave. 
Centre st 



Blue Hill ave. 



Adams sq. . 
Tremont st. 



"Washington st. 

State st 

India st 

Commercial st. 
Hanover st. ... 
Harrison ave. . 



Atlantic ave. 

Beach st 

Federal st 



Cornhill 



Between what Streets. 



Opp. Common st 

Danby and Congress sts. . . . 
Boylston st. and Reservoir , 



Total 30-inch , 



At Washington st. 
B and D sts 



Total 24-inch , 



At Washington st. 
" Reservoir 



Total 20-inch , 



At Elmwood-st. pumping station . 
" Hogg's bridge 



Walk Hill and Fessenden sts. 



Total 16-inch. 



Devonshire st. and Cornhill 

At School st 

School st. and Scollay sq 

Opp. Common st 

Kneeland and Dover sts 

Washington and Commercial sts. 
At State st 



" Court st 

" Asylum st 

" Lovering pi 

" Congress st 

Cove and Federal sts. . . . 
Kneeland and Esses sts. 



Adams sq. and Court st. 
Carried forward, 



C. P. 

So. B. 

Brookline 



C. P. 

So. B. 



C. P. 

So. B. 



Rox. 



Dor. 



C. P. 



C.P. 



24-in. 



20-in. 



16-in. 



12-in. 



12-in. 



11 

914 

24 

949 

5 
550 

J555 

12 
366 

378 

125 
210 
160 



503 

125 

21 

415 

12 

1,457 

1,174 

22 

15 

49 

6 

5 

18 

155 

793 

900 

475 

5,642 



Water Department. 83 

Statement of Main Pipe Abandoned. — Continued. 



In what Street. 


Between what Streets. 


o 
'u 

5 


02 


4 

to 

a 

O 

*1 










5,642 




At Cornhill 


C.P. 

Dor. 

cc 

tt 

tt 

So. B. 
Eox. 

W. Rox. 
Chn. 
E.B. 

tt 
Brookline 


12-in. 


80 




tt it 


185 








I 


115 


Walk Hill st 




30 


Blue Hill ave 




125 


i> >( << 
Walk Hill st 


Glenway st. and McLellan ave 

At Northwest corner of Blue Hill ave.. 


30 
20 




7 






72 






21 




At Dudley st 


24 
6 






17 






16 






80 






264 






210 






220 




« (i i< 


80 


Across vacant land 
and under railroad, 




545 


West Walnut pk, , . 


Washington st. and Columbus ave 


11 
12 


Florence st 




20 






12 






20 






7 






4 






g 


Fisher ave 




43 




Total 12-inch 








7,927 






C.P. 
Dor. 
Rox. 


10-in. 




25 






755 


Ward st. (J. P. A.) . . . 




20 


Total 10-inch 






800 





















84 City Document No. 37. 

Statement of Main Pipe Abandoned. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 



Boston Common 
Washington st... 

Dover st 

Boylston st 

Pemberton sq — 

Tremont st 

Quincy st 

Bernard st 

Heath st 

Hullst 

Pine st 

Liverpool st 



Tremont st 

Washington st. 
Compton st. ... 

Compton st. 

Washington st. 
Congress st. ... 
Washington st. 

Avery st 

Cove st 

East st 

Howard st 

Seaver pi 

Shaving st 

Ashton pi 

Boylston st. . . . 

Sydney st 

Blue Hill ave. . 

Virginia st 

Clapp st 

Savin Hill ave. 
Wesley ave. . . . 
Savin Hill ave. 



Opposite Mason st. 
Elm st. and Dock si 
At Washington st. , 



At Tremont st 

Boylston and Warrenton sts. 

At Bellevue st 

" Kerwin st 

Lawn and Cranford sts 

Chelsea and Vine sts 

Off Vine st 

Intersection of Maverick st. . 
Total 8-inch 



C. P. 



8-in. 



Dor. 



Eox. 
Chn. 



E.B. 



School st. and Scollay sq 

Kneeland and Dover sts 

At Washington st 

Tremont and Washington sts , 

At State st , 

Atlantic ave. and High st — 

Waltham and Union Park sts 

Mason and Washington sts 

Kneeland and Essex sts 

Cove and Federal sts 

Stoddard and Somerset sts 

From Tremont st 

Federal st. andMt. Washington ave. 

From Charles st 

Park sq. and Tremont st 

Romsey st. and Crescent ave 

At Glenway 

" Davenport ave 

From Massachusetts ave 

Endleigh st. and railroad 

From Savin Hill ave 

" Grampian Way 

Carried forward. 



C. P. 



Dor. 



Water Department. 85 

Statement of Main Pipe Abandoned. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 



Savin Hill ave 

Grampian way 

Everett ave 

McLellan ave 

Barry st 

Geneva ave 

E st 

Bowen st 

Broadway 

Mercer st 

Gst 

W. Walnut park 

Marcella st 

Bromley st 

Willow park 

Sycamore st 

Custer st 

Commonwealth ave.. . 

Oakland st 

Joiner st 

Maverick st 

London st 

Havre st 

Paris st 

Marginal st 

Orleans st 

Sumner st 



Haymarket pi 

Tremont row 

Stoddard st 

Carlton st 

Berwick pk 

Van Rensselaer pi 



Brought forward 

At Grampian Way 

Savin Hill ave. and Evandale terrace, 

From Stoughton st 

Blue Hill ave. and Erie st 

From Barrington st 

Washington and Wilder sts 

North of Sixth st 

At Est 

" Bst 

" Valest 

" James st 

Washington st. and Columbus ave 

Washington and Highland sts 

At Old Heath st 

Off Shawmut ave 

At Ridge st 

At Arborway , 

Harvard ave. and Allston st 

Washington and Faneuil sts 

Chelsea and Park sts 

New and Chelsea sts 

Intersection of Maverick st 



Cottage and Ruth sts 

Marginal and Sumner sts. 

New and Border st 

Total 6-inch 



Off Avery st 

At Howard st 

Court and Howard sts. 

At Berwick pk 

At Carlton st — 

From Tremont st 

Carried forward . . . 



Dor. 



So. B. 



Box. 



W.Rox. 



Brl. 



Chn. 
E. B. 



C. P. 



6-ln. 



4-in. 



8,001 

26 

679 

25 

168 

23 

125 

4 

16 

8 

14 

2 

198 

1,353 

8 

118 

10 

3 

270 

744 

209 

1,354 

11 

12 

16 

786 

613 

30 



14,826 

249 
72 

166 
50 
27 
22 



86 City Document No. 37. 

Statement of Main Pipe Abandoned. — Continued. 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 



Ashton pi 

Garland st 

Lucas st 

Cherry st , 

Davis st 

Asylum st 

Bumstead court . 

Trumbull st , 

Lovering pi , 

Asylum st 

Boylston pi 

Ashton pi 

"Webster ave 

Unity court 

Wiget st 

Gray st 

Pelham st 

Pelham-Street pi 

Carlton st 

Exeter pi 

Paul st 

Alden st 

Tamworth st 

Avery pi 

Lawrence st 

Hilton st 

Holden pi 

Fenton pi 

Clifton st 

Goldst 



Brought forward 

From Charles st 

At Washington st. 



At Boylston st 

At Newland st 

Washington st. and Harrison ave. 



From Boylston st. 

" Charles st. . 

At Unity st 



Salem and Marginal sts 

Berkeley and Clarendon sts 

Washington st. amd Shawmut ave. 

From Pelham st 

At W. Newton st 

Harrison ave. and Chauncy st 

Tremont and Emerald sts 

Court and Sudbury 6ts 

At La Grange st 

From Avery st 

Berkeley and Dartmouth sts 

From Swett st 

" Dudley st 

" Greenwich st., north side 

" " " south " ... 

At Dudley st 

" Est 

" Fst 

D and E sts 

E andF " 

Carried forward 



C. P. 



Rox. 
Dor. 



So. B. 



4-in. 



586 
158 
24 
27 
27 
14 



340 

346 

20 

29 

12 

12 

250 

630 

449 

22 

24 

180 

480 

240 

15 

15 

1,260 

300 

26 

27 

4 

36 

60 

50 

553 

500 



6,727 



"Water Department. 
Statement of Main Pipe Abandoned. — Continued. 



87 



In what Street. 



Between what Streets. 



Gold st 

Beckler ave 

Gates st 

Silver st 

Goldst 

Daciapl 

" terrace 

Adams pi 

Kensington pk 

Rheims pi. (J.P.A.).. 

Downing st • 

Centre-street pi 

Walnut pk 

Concord ave 

Sullivan st 

Stacey st 

Ellwood st 

Tufts ct 

<< <« 

Ludlow st 

Hull st 

Pine st 

Auburn ave 

Wallst 

Mason ct 

Wesley st 

Dinwood pi 

Murray ct 

Boston Dye Wood Co. 
Wharf 

Dry Dock Co. Wharf, 

Haynes st 



Brought forward 

F and Dorchester sts 

From K st 

Dorchester and Telegraph sts. 

Telegraph and Eighth sts , 

Dorchester and G sts 

B st. and railroad 

From Dacia st , 



Williams st 

Warren st 

Ward st 

Vernon st 

Centre st 

Washington st. and Walnut ave. 

Concord and Jefferson sts 

Russell and Bunker Hill sts 

Off Main st 



Tufts st 

Corey st 

Mead st 

Chelsea and Vine sts. 
Off Vine st 

Auburn st 

Sullivan st 



Main st 

Orleans st. 

Border st, . 



Orleans st. . 
Total 4-inch , 



So.B. 



Kox. 



Chn. 



E. B. 



4-in. 



6,727 

541 

254 

440 

616 

658 

151 

34 

36 

18 

52 

200 

170 

140 

1,204 

24 

217 

48 

36 

24 

36 

24 

30 

209 

36 

25 

29 

20 

20 

54 

40 

20 
20 
35 



12,188 



} City Document No. 37. 

Statement of Main Pipe Abandoned. — Concluded. 



In what Street. 


Between what Streets. 


1 
5 


55 


to 


Willow Park 




Eox. 
Dor. 

Chn. 


3-in. 


50 






174 




Off Chelsea st 


20 






190 




Off Sullivan st 


22 






24 




Total 3-inch 






480 














"~"~" 



Water Department. 



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City Document No. 37. 



Blow=off Gates Established and Abandoned During the 

Year. 





Diameter in Inches. 


Total. 




4-in. 


6-in. 


12-ln. 




6 
1 


3 
1 


2 


11 




2 










5 


2 


2 


9 







Private Gates Established and Abandoned During the 

Year. 





Diameter in Inches. 


Total. 




6-in. 


8-in. 


10-in. 


12-in. 


16-in. 




1 


3 


1 


1 
1 


1 


7 
1 
















1 


3 


1 




1 


6 







Water Department. 



91 



Hydrants Established and Abandoned During the Year. 





Established. 


O 


Abandoned. 


o 

EH 


□Q' 

oS 

CJ 

u 
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fl 

M 






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hi 


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hi 

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o 


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53 


1 


8 




62 


33 


3 


2 


24 
1 

18 
1 

13 
3 
2 


62 
1 

19 
1 
20 
20 
64 


9 

3 

5 

33 

88 

1 

28 

13 

4 


1 


South Boston (Public) 


9 


3 


15 

4 

15 

34 

113 

1 

11 
17 
3 


1 

1 
1 


2S 

4 

25 

53 

152 

1 

48 

23 

4 


7 

9 

19 


1 

6 

28 


2 
15 






10 
8 
3 


11 
36 




" (Private). ... 




West Roxbury (Public). . . 
Brighton (Public) 




36 
5 
1 


3 


13 
2 


5 
1 


2 
4 


20 
10 




















1 


1 


1 






















Total Public 


S3 


93 


216 
5 


3 


395 
5 


71 


53 


25 


67 

2 


216 

2 


180 
4 


1 




1 

















92 



City Document No. 37. 



Total Number of Hydrants in use January 31, 1898. 



& 



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pi 


el 


■ 




o 


















o 




w 


M 


EH 



Notes. 



City Proper (Public) — 

" " (Private).... 

South Boston (Public) . . . 

" " (Private).. 

East Boston (Public) 

" " (Private)... 

Koxbury (Public) 

" (Private) 

Dorchester (Public) 

" (Private) 

West Roxbury (Public). . 

" " (Private). 

Brighton (Public) 

" (Private) 

Charlestown (Public) . . . 

" (Private)... 

Deer Island (Private) . . . 

Long Island (Private). .. 

Thompson's Island (Pri 
vate) 



Kainsford's Island (Pri 
vate) 



Galloupe's Island (Pri- 
vate) 



Brookline. 
Chelsea . . . 
Quincy — 



747 



228 

2 
147 

8 
641 

1* 
564 



307 
10 
126 

13* 
134 

7 
357 



205 
14 



767 

1* 

561 

13 

326 

6 

41 

36 

18 

6 



25 



87 



247 

1 

221 



73 



366 

45* 
185 

32* 

78 

25* 

64 

10* 

50 
5* 

40 
1 

27 
2* 
4 
6* 



1,476 

55 

564 

48 

384 

40 

1,149 

11 

1,628 

7 

951 

14 

501 

8 

287 

57 

18 

6 

2 

5 

2 
8 
7 

7 



* 27 not for fire. 



*2Bostons) tf fl 
* 4 Posts j not lor are. 



*7 not for fire. 



* 1 Lowry ) t f flr 
*1 Boston jnotiornre. 



*f?S° nB } not for fire. 



* 2 not for fire. 



* 1 not for fire. 



*lnot for fire. 
* 1 not for fire. 



Total number Public 
Hy drants 

Total number Private and 
Suburban Hydrants.. . . 



2,736 


2,619 


771 




814 


6,940 


30 


121 


5 


1 


138 


295 



Note. — This list does not include the following hydrants taken January 1, 1898, 
by the Metropolitan Water Board. — 

Brighton (Public) 3 Posts 

Pumping Station, West Somerville (Private) i\ p^ts* 1 



Medford 



' 5 Bostons 
2 Posts 



Water Department. 



93 



Water Posts. 



District. 



Number 

in use 

Jan. 31, 1897. 



Established 

during 

the Year. 



Abu ndoned 

during 
the Year. 



Number 

in use 

Jan. 31, 1898. 



City Proper... 
South Boston. , 
East Boston... 

Boxbury 

Dorchester 

West Boxbury 

Brighton 

Charlestown .. 



405 



408 



Repairs of Pipes during the Year ending Jan. 31 , 1898. 





Diameter of Pipes in Inches. 


Totals. 




48 


36 


30 


24 


•20 


16 


12 


10 


8 


6 


4 


3 


2 


1* 


U 


1 


i 


I 






.1 


2 


17 
2 


3 

1 
3 


6 
3 

8 
10 


35 

1 
2 
1 

8 

47 


190 
14 
11 
14 
8 
20 
3 
4 

264 


3 

1 
2 
3 

9 


58 
1 
1 
1 
6 
3 
5 
2 

77 


81 
13 
5 
25 
31 
12 
4 
5 

176 


30 
8 
1 
5 
4 

1 

49 


6 
6 


6 

2 

8 


1 
1 


2 
2 


16 

1 

4 

1 
1 

23 


17 
3 

20 


787 
243 
109 
3S4 
237 
124 
40 
101 


1,261 

284 










138 






2 


1 


455 






291 






1 


1 


1 
3 

11 


1 
1 
1 

30 


164 






55 








1 
3 

1 

26 


128 




1 




4 


Newton, L. F 


1 




2 


5 




Totals 


2,025 


2,781 









94 



City Document No. 37. 



Causes of repairs that have been made on pipes of 4-inch 
diameter and upwards : 



Blasting ..... 


28 




Defective joints .... 
" stop-cocks 


. 136 

122 




" pipes .... 

" packing .... 
In way of various corporations 
Joints strained by settling in subway 
On account of Sewer Division 


9 
103 

26 
218 

17 




Settling of earth .... 


31 




Struck by pick .... 


6 


696 


a 3 inch and on service pipes : 






Broken hi wall .... 


19 




" " sewer .... 


81 




" by builders of subway . 

" " team .... 


51 
4 




" " steam-roller 


11 




" " blasting .... 
" " pick ..... 
" " settling of earth 
Defective pipe . . . 


14 

. 200 

. 244 

162 




" joints . 

" stop-cocks 

" packhig .... 

" coupling 

" valve .... 


37 
47 
10 
56 
1 




Eaten by soil ..... 


4 




" " electricity 


1 




Frozen ...... 


55 




Gnawed by rats .... 


7 




In way of various corporations 


86 




Relaying main pipe 
Stopped by rust . . . . 
" " dirt .... 


250 
490 
135 




« " fish .... 


111 




" " gasket .... 


8 




Broken by pile-clriver 


' 1 


2,085 








2,781 



Water Department. 



95 



Statement of Miscellaneous Work Performed during 

the Year. 



Locations of gates marked and remarked 

Dead ends blown off 

Hydrant barrels changed for repairs 

" boxes repaired in service . 

" " renewed " " 

" changed on account of no guides 

" repaired in service 

" boxes cleaned out 
Boxes over bridges repaired 
Main cocks renewed 
Sidewalk cocks renewed 

" uprights raised or lowered 

" " moved on account of edgestones 

New main uprights put on 
Stop-cock or gate-boxes repaired in service 

" " " " renewed " " 

Water-posts repaired 
Fire reservoirs repaired . 
Streets repaired . . . 

Gates salted on account of cold weather 
Hydrants hayed " " " " 

Meters " « " " " 

Number of examinations caused by false reports 



10,268 

190 

229 

635 

110 

136 

1,646 

4,224 

36 

49 

154 

426 

65 

12 

1,004 

272 

665 

9 

1,257 

9,362 



833 
953 



96 City Document No. 87. 

Statement of Leaks and Stoppages, from 1850 to 1897. 



Year. 



Diameter in Inches. 



Four inches and 
upwards. 



Less than four 
Inches. 



Total. 



1850 
1851. 

1852. 
1853. 
1854. 
1855. 
1856. 
1857. 
1858. 
1859. 
1860. 
1861. 
1862. 
1863. 
1864. 
1865. 
1866. 
1867. 
1868. 
1869. 
1870. 
1871. 
1872. 
1873. 
1874., 
1875., 
1876., 
1877. 
1878., 
1879., 
1880., 
1881.. 
1882.. 
1883.. 
1884.. 
1885.. 



32 

64 

82 

85 

74 

75 

75 

85 

77 

82 

134 

109 

117 

97 

95 

111 

139 

122 

82 

82 

157 

185 

188 

153 

434 

203 

214 

109 

213 

211 

135 

145 

170 

171 

253 

111 



72 

173 

241 

200 

280 

219 

232 

278 

234 

449 

458 

399 

373 

397 

394 

496 

536 

487 

449 

407 

707 

1,380 

1,459 

1,076 

2,160 

725 

734 

801 

1,024 

995 

929 

883 

1,248 

782 

1,127 



104 

237 

323 

345 

354 

294 

307 

363 

311 

531 

592 

608 

490 

494 

489 

607 

675 

609 

531 

489 

864 

1,565 

1,647 

1,229 

2,594 

928 

948 

910 

1,237 

1,206 

1,064 

1,028 

1,418 

953 

1,380 

749 



Water Department. 97 

Statement of Leaks and Stoppages, etc. — Concluded. 





Diameter in Inches. 




Tear. 


Four inches and 
upwards. 


Less than four 
Inches. 


Total. 


1886 


150 
172 
216 
183 
180 
194 
212 
327 
349 
215 
820 
696 


725 

869 

1,140 

849 

718 

758 

1,232 

1,555 

1,354 

1,320 

1,976 

2,0S5 


875 


1887 


1,041 


1888 


1 356 


1889 


1,032 
898 


1890 


1891 


952 


1892 


1,444 

1,882 
1,703 
1 535 


1893 


1894 


1895 


1896 


2,796 
2,781 


1897 





98 



City Document No. 37. 



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99 



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City Document No. 37. 



Distribution-Pipes Relaid. 



Locations. 



Original 

Size. 



4-in. 



6-in. 



10-in. 



12-in. 



16-in. 



20-in. 



Somerville : 
Beacon pi. 
Cameron ave. 



Chauncey ave. . 
Clarendon ave. 
Clark st 



Concord ave. 



Congress pi. .. 

Gilman st 

Heath st 

Lamson court. 

Main st 

Maple ave 

Marion st 

Medford st. 



Melrose st 

Mt. Vernon ave. 

Mystic ave 

Newbury st 



Newton st. 



Partridge ave. 

Pearl st 

Prospect pi 

Prospect st 

School st 



Somerville ave. 



4-in. 

6-in. 

4-in. 

6-in. 

8-in. 

6-in. 

4-in. 

6-in. 

4-1 n. 

1-in. 

6-in. 

4-in. 

1-in. 

4-in. 

4-in. 

6-in. 

6-in. 

4-in. 

6-in. 

2-in. 

6-in. 

6-in. 

4-in. 

4 and 
16-in. 

12-in 

4-in. 

4-in. 

6-in. 

6-in. 

4-in. 

6-in. 

6-in. 

4-in. 

4-in. 

6-in. 



191 



7 
792 



871 



2,320 



1,238 



896 



42 



05 



Carried forward . 



497 



1,982 



3,220 



5,531 



153 



Water Department. 101 

Distribution=Pipes Relaid. — Concluded. 



Locations. 


Original 
Size. 


2-in. 


4-in. 


6-in. 


8-in. 


10-in 


12-in 


16-in 


20-in. 






242 




497 


1,982 


3,220 


5,531 
86 

18 


62 


153 




S-in. 

6-in. 

6-in. 

4-in. 

6-in. 

6-in. 

6, 14 and 
16-in. 

4-in. 








293 

1,384 

6 




248 




















































638 


ii « 




6 


43 

360 




450 

708 








Wyatt st 




Chelsea : 


3-in. 
4-in. 
4-in. 
4-in. 
4-in. 
4 in. 
3 and 4-in. 
4-in. 
4-in. 

6-in. 

4-in. 

■ 4-in . 

4-in. 

4-in. 






















13'7 
36 


1,947 

860 


























1,007 
776 

720 
























Everett : 












173 




1S7 

758 

1,112 

1,035 






































Totals 




415 


6 


8,351 


4,789 


4,626 


5,635 


62 


791 







102 



City Document No. 37. 



Extension of Distrlbution=Pipes. 



Locations. 


11-in. 


li-in. 


2-in. 


4-in. 


6-in. 


8-in. 


10-in. 


12-in. 


16-in. 


20-in. 


Somerville : 






13 




20 






208 
398 




















10 














(( 


































39 


(l 












32 




21 


39 




(( 












380 












406 
6 
11 

7 
5 








*( it 






























196 


















































541 


196 






>i ii 










26 

220 

23 

3 


































106 


5 


















129 






















165 

252 

4 

11 

31 

8 
6 

7 
10 

7 




























































130 






















































70 


























Carried forward . . 




70 


584 


5 


1,228 


573 


196 


627 


39 


419 



Water Department. 
Extension of Distribution=Pipes Continued. 



103 



Locations. 


li-in. 


li-in. 


2-in. 


4-in. 


6-in. 


8-in. 


10-in. 


12-in. 


16-in. 


20-in 


Brought forward . . 




70 


584 
65 


5 


1,228 
1S1 


573 


196 
596 

172 


627 


39 


419 
































16 

6 
19 












150 
















































S 
42 
14 

7 




















































439 












12 

10 
12 
24 






298 
125 
















Pearl " 






























230 
























6 
70 
15 

18 


12 

44 

792 






Tennyson st 
























Thurston " 












Tower " 












Tremont " 










9 
15 




Union sq 
























Walnut st 










9 


























63 
12 

305 
6 
























15 




Westminster st 










cc c< 










































Carried forward. . . 




70 


1,029 


20 


2,107 


1,421 


964 


1,050 


39 


858 







104 



City Document No. 37. 



Extension of Distribution-Pipes. — Concluded. 



Locations. 



li-in. l£-in. 2-in. 4-in. 6-in. 8-in. 10-in. 



12-in. 16-in. 20-in. 



Brought forward , 

Willow ave 

Windom st 

Chelsea : 

Cypress st 

Harvard st 

Murray st 

Ingleside ave 

Springvale ave 

Everett : 

Jackson ave 

Jefferson ave 

Clay ave 

Calhoun ave 

Spring st 

Broadway 

Elm st 

Springvale ave 

Burdett st 

Timothy ave 

Summit ave 

Tremont st 

Walnut st 

Orchard st 

Baldwin terrace 

Myrtle st 

Villa ave 

Rover st 

Bobbins st , 

Bockvalley ave. 

Dane st 

Greenhalge ave 



1,029 



Totals 



2,107 



296 

180 

210 

96 

96 
593 
106 

50 
531 



1,029 



72 
72 
112 
376 
248 
216 
119 
197 

436 
120 
284 
192 
84 
132 
216 

7,156 



1,421 



964 



1,066 



7i 'i i 



1,050 



39 



858 



1,421 2,730. 



1,050 



39 



Water Department. 



105 



Hydrants Established and Abandoned. 





Established. 


Abandoned. 


Increase. 




Post. 


Post. 




79 
15 
13 


21 

10 

1 


58 




5 




12 






Totals 


107 


32 


75 







Water Posts Established and Abandoned. 





Established. 


Abandoned. 


Increase. 


Decrease. 


Net Increase. 


Somerville 


2 
1 




2 

1 


2 




Chelsea 






Everett 


2 












Totals 


3 


2 


3 


2 


1 



106 



City Document No. 37. 



APPENDIX B. 



REPORT OF THE RESIDENT ENGINEER AND 
GENERAL SUPERINTENDENT OF THE WEST- 
ERN DIVISION. 



South Framingham, January 1, 1898. 

Hon. John R. Mtjephy, 

Water Commissioner : 

Sir : The annual report of the Western Division of the 
Boston Water Works is herewith submitted. 



SUDBUEY-RlVER RESEEVOIES. 

Watershed, 75.2 Square Miles. 

The rainfall for 1897 was 44.89 inches at Framingham and 
46.17 inches at Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. The mean rainfall 
on the Suclbury-river water-shed, from observations taken at 
Framingham Centre and Reservoir No. 4, was 46.19 inches, 
which is about the average for a long period. The rainfall 
for May, June, July and August was large and very 
uniformly distributed. There was but one month during 
the whole year when the rainfall was very small, and that 
was October, when the gauge at Framingham registered 0.41 
of an inch for the month. 

The following table shows the average yield of the Sud- 
bury-river water-shed for 1875-96 and the yield for 1897 : 

Yield of the Sudbury-river Water-shed in millions of gallons 



per square mile per day. 



Month. 

January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 



Mean 
1875-96. 


1897. 


1.205 


0.845 


1.884 


- 1.067 


2.871 


2.565 


2.028 


1.515 


1.112 


0.915 


0.469 


0.962 



Water Department. 



107 



Month. 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 

Mean 



Mean 

1875-96. 


1897. 


0.183 


0.658 


0.276 


0.591 


0.247 


0.182 


0.547 


0.094 


0.937 


0.909 


1.021 


1.584 



1.065 



0.991 



Reservoir 1. 

Grades, IT. W.. 160.79; Tops of Flash-boards, 159.29 and 158.41; Crest of Bam, 

157.54. Area, Water Surface at 159.29, 143 acres ; Greatest depth, 15 ft. ; 

Contents, below 160.79, 365,560,000; below 159.29, 288,400,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, water in this reservoir stood at ele- 
vation 156.37. The surface rose, and on the 8th, 9th and 
10th, water was wasted over the stone crest of the dam. It 
soon receded, however, to 156.00, remaining at this level 
until about March 6, when it rose rapidly, and on the 7th 
began wasting over the crest. Waste continued until April 

2, when both sets of flash-boards were placed in position. On 
April 8 waste took place over the flash-boards and continued 
through the gates and over the flash-boards until the 21st. 
The reservoir remained practically full, with waste occurring 
at times, until August 3. On August 4 a gate was opened 
to draw the water out of the reservoir in order to allow the 
Metropolitan Water Board to prepare for the laying of a 
new 48-inch main from Reservoir No. 3 to Sudbury Aque- 
duct below Dam No. 1. The water in the reservoir was 
lowered to about elevation 148.00, where it remained until 
the latter part of November. In December the reservoir was 
allowed to fill, reaching grade 156.75 on December 31. 

The highest elevation reached during the year was 159.66 
on June 10, and the lowest 145.90 on September 16. 

Both sets of flash-boards were placed in position on January 
18 ; they were removed on February 2, replaced on April 2, 
and finally removed on August 16. 

Water was not drawn wholly from this reservoir for the 
supply of the city during the year. It was drawn partially 
from this reservoir and from Reservoir No. 2 from 7 A.M., 
January 1, to 10.40 A.M., May 27, and from 7 A.M., August 

3, to 12 M., August 4. It was drawn partly from this reser- 
voir and partly from Reservoir No. 3 from 7 A.M., July 30, 
to 7 A.M., July 31. 



108 City Document No. 37. 

When the reservoir was emptied in the autumn the joints 
in the stone masonry overflow and in the wing-wall of the 
overflow and on the side of the gate-house were all thoroughly- 
pointed. The masonry in the gate-house and in the wing- 
wall of the gate-house on the side next to the reservoir were 
also pointed where necessary. 

The slope paving in front of and adjacent to the overflow 
was taken out in order to allow the joints of the crest stones 
at the back of the dam to be thoroughly pointed. Advan- 
tage was also taken of the low water to calk five joints in 
the 48-inch pipe from Dam No. 2, and two joints in the 48- 
inch pipe from Dam No. 3, where there were leaks. One 
joint was found from which the lead was partially drawn out 
and this was thoroughly recalked. About 300 feet of the 
48-inch pipe from Dam No. 3, from which the covering had 
been washed away, was recovered to an average depth of two 
feet. The 48-inch pipes have been flushed into the river be- 
low Dam No. 1 once during the year. 

Reservoir 2. 

Grades, H. W., 167.87; Tops of Flash-hoards, 167.12 and 166.49; Crest of Dam; 
165.S7. Area, Water Surface, at 167.87, 134 acres; Greatest Dentil, 17 ft., 
Contents, below 167.87, 562,580,000; below 167.12, 529,860,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, the surface of the water in this 
reservoir stood at elevation 162.63, and on the 12th at 
165.72. It gradually receded to 160.35 on February 7. It 
soon rose again, however, and remained at about 162.50 until 
March 3 when it rose rapidly. 

Both sets of flash-boards were placed in position on March 
6, and on the 7th waste began over the tops of the flash- 
boards. On April 22 an extra set of flash-boards was put in 
place on top of the regular sets in order to store as much 
water as possible for the supply of the city. The water rose 
to 167.88 on April 30, remaining at about this grade until 
May 27, when it gradually receded to 164.85 on June 9, 
rising to 167.98 on June 14. By September 3 the water had 
fallen to 163.05. It was kept between 162.75 and 163.00 
on an average until November 12 by drawing, as occasion 
required, from Reservoirs Nos. 4, 6 and 8. The water then 
rose to 164.85 on December 8, remaining at about this height 
until December 15, when it rose and overflowed the lower 
set of flash-boards on December 16 and continued to over- 
flow until the 26th, the flash-boards being removed on the 
28th and 29th. Waste continued over the stone crest, and 
on December 31 the water stood at elevation 166.03 with 
waste still continuing. 



Water Department. 109 

The highest elevation that the water in the reservoir 
reached during the year was 168.09 on May 6, and the low- 
est 160.35 on February 7. 

The lowest set of flash-boards was placed in position on 
March 5, and the upper set on the 6th, and one-half of an 
extra set was placed on top of the regular flash-boards on 
April 16, and the remaining half of the additional set was 
placed in position on the 21st and 22d. All the flash- 
boards were removed on October 31 in order to point the 
joints of the stone crest. The lower set was replaced on 
November 6. On December 28 three bays of the lower set 
were removed and the remainder on the 29th. 

Water for the supply of the city was drawn wholly from 
this reservoir from 10.40 A.M., May 27, to 11 A.M., July 13 ; 
from 7 P.M., November 6, to 10 A.M., November 10 ; from 
11 A.M., November 12, to 11 A.M., December 2, and from 
11 A.M., December 9, to 12 M., December 27. The water 
was drawn partly from this reservoir and partly from Reser- 
voir No. 3 from 11 A.M., July 13, to 7 A.M., July 30 ; from 
7 A.M., July 31, to 7 A.M., August 3 ; from 12 M., August 
4, to 3 P.M., October 24 ; from 11 A.M., October 26, to 7 
P.M., November 6 ; from 10 A.M., November 10, to 11 A.M., 
November 12 ; from 11 A.M., December 2, to 11 A.M., Dec. 
9, and from 12 M., December 28, to the end of the year. 
Water was drawn partly from this reservoir and partly from 
Reservoir No. 1, as already given under Reservoir No. 1. 

While Reservoir No. 1 was emptying in the autumn all of 
the joints of the crest stones of the overflow of Reservoir 
No. 2, and all the horizontal and vertical joints of the first 
three courses below the crest stones in the face of the over- 
flow were thoroughly cut out and pointed with Portland 
cement mortar. The remainder of the joints in the masonry 
on the face of the overflow and also the joints in part of the 
wing wall of the overflow, and on that side of the gate-house 
facing the overflow, and below high water in Reservoir No. 
1, were repointecl. Some repairs at the same time were made 
upon the paving on the embankments of the dam, and about 
1,600 feet of fence on Fountain street was built and painted. 

The average number of organisms present for the year was 
140 against 95 for 1896. The usual spring growth of 
Diatomacese was practically absent. The autumn growth 
commenced late in August, reached a maximum of 240 on 
September 9, and decreased throughout the remainder of the 
year. The growth of Chlorophycese commenced in July, 
reached a maximum of 120 units on July 27, and disappeared 
early in October. Cyanophycese were unimportant except 



110 City Document No. 37. 

during August and September when the growth consisted 
mainly of Anabsena and Clathrocystis, and reached a maxi- 
mum of 480 units on August 12. Infusoria were present in 
small numbers throughout the year. The maximum growth, 
consisting almost entirely of Uroglena, occurred on May 18, 
and amounted to 4.00 units per c.c. 

Reservoir 3. 

Grades, IT. W., 176.74; Crest of Dam, 175.24. 
Area at 170.74, 253 acres; Contents, below 176.74, 1,203,180,000 gals. 
Area at 175.24, 248 acres ; Contents, beloiv 175.24, 1,081,500,000 gals. 
Greatest depth, 21 feet. 

On January 1, 1897, water in this reservoir stood at grade 
174.82. On the 5th it rose to the stone crest and began flow- 
ing over the dam. It ceased overflowing on the 18th, but rose 
and fell alternately until March 13, and then continued to 
rise until April 1, when one set of flash-boards was placed 
on the crest. On April 20 a second set of flash-boards was 
placed in position and water wasted over the top of this set 
until August 1, after which time the surface receded to 
168.80 on September 23. On the 27th it rose to 169.19 and 
was kept at about 169.25 by drawing from Reservoir No. 5 
until November 7 ; then it gradually rose to 170.55 on the 
27th. It was at grade 174.74 on December 31. 

The highest elevation that the water in the reservoir 
reached during the year was 176.80 on July 2, and the low- 
est 168.80 on September 23. 

The first set of flash-boards was placed in position on the 
stone crest on April 1, one-half of the second set on the 17th, 
and the other half on the 20th. All the flash-boards were 
removed on December 11. The top of the first set of flash- 
boards is at elevation 175.86, and the top of the second set 
at elevation 176.50. 

Water for the supply of the city was drawn wholly from 
this reservoir from 5.40 P.M., October 25, to 11 A.M., Octo- 
ber 26. Water was drawn partly from this reservoir and 
partly from Reservoirs Nos. 1 and 2 on dates already given. 

In order to increase temporarily the storage capacity of 
Reservoir No. 3, pin-holes were drilled in the stone crest and 
iron pins fixed hi position to hold flash-boards. This work 
was done early in the spring. 

The average number of organisms for the -year was 859 
against 506 for 1896. The spring growth of Diatomacese 
commenced about the first of April, reached a maximum of 
2,096 units per c.c. on June 30, and decreased during July. 
These organisms were present in large numbers again from 



Water Department. Ill 

the first of October to the end of the year. Chlorophycese 
were present in moderate numbers from May until the end 
of the year. The maximum of 90 units per c.c. was reached 
on August 25. Cyanophycese appeared in April and were 
abundant in June. The growth increased after July 15, 
reached a maximum of 640 units on September 15, and dis- 
appeared about the first of December. The growth consisted 
of Clathrocystis, Coelosphaerium, Microcystis and Anabsena 
Infusoria were present hi large numbers throughout the 
year. Uroglena constituted almost entirely the large growth 
which extended from May 19 to July 7, and which reached a 
maximum of 4,515 units. 

Reservoir 4. 

Grades, H. W., 215.21; Tops of Flash-boards, 216.21 and 214.89.; Crest of Dam, 

214.21. 
Area, Water Surface, at 215.21,167 Acres; Greatest Depth, 49 feet; Contents, be- 
low 215.21, 1,416,350,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, the surface of the water in this 
reservoir was at elevation 195.11. It rose to 213.90 on April 
2, when both sets of flash-boards were placed in position. It 
continued to rise, and on April 10 water was flowing over 
the tops of the flash-boards and continued to overflow, por- 
tions of the upper set of flash-boards being removed from 
time to time to prevent the water in the reservoir from rising 
too high. On July 1 a gate was opened to draw water into 
Reservoir No. 2. The surface had fallen to 208.24 on July 
23 when the gate was closed. The surface then rose to 
210.31 on September 5, when the gate was opened again. It 
then receded, with slight rises at times as the gate was opened 
and closed, reaching grade 200.96 on November 2, when the 
gate was finally closed for the year, except for one day at the 
last of the month. The surface stood at elevation 209.98 on 
December 31. 

The highest elevation reached during the year was 215.51 
on May 12, and the lowest, 195.11 on January 1. 

Both sets of flash-boards were placed in position on April 
2, and on July 13 the flash-boards were removed. 

For several years it has been noticed that the berm at the 
foot of the slope paving, on the water side of the embank- 
ment, was gradually disappearing, and at places was lowered 
by the action of the ice and waves. Accordingly, when the 
water was lowered sufficiently in the autumn, a large quantity 
of stone was brought on rafts to the berm and put in place, 
and its width and grade restored. This work was completed 
from the overflow to a point 300 feet west of the gate-house, 



112 City Document No. 37. 

a distance of about 650 feet. More of this work must be 
done as occasion allows. 

The stone masonry at the outlet of the two 48-inch pipes 
was pointed during the autumn. The gate-house was pro- 
vided with a new door. 

Work on the Cold-spring brook channel near Main street, 
which was hi progress at the beginning of the year, was 
finished about March 1. The abutments of the bridge over 
the channel at Main street were entirely rebuilt from the 
foundations, a difficult work on account of quicksand. Their 
lower portions were laid in cement mortar and their upper 
portions were pointed only. A new bridge of wood was 
built across the stream. 

The average number of organisms for the year was 90 
against 103 for 1896. The organisms throughout the year 
were small. The spring growth of Diatomacese commenced 
in the middle of May, reached a maximum hi the middle 
of June, and disappeared July 6. The autumn growth 
commenced in October and continued throughout the year. 
Chlorophycese were present from May until the end of 
November. They were most abundant during August and 
September, when they reached a maximum of 80 units. 
Cyanophycese growths were unimportant. Infusoria were 
present in small numbers throughout the year. A growth 
of Uroglena amounted to 400 units in the surface sample on 
April 6. 

Reservoir 5. 

Grades, H. W., 250.00 ; Top of Stone Crest, 249.00. Estimated Area 1,258 acres; 
Estimated Contents, 7,609,000,000 gals. 

The construction of this reservoir was begun by the city 
of Boston, but it was seized by the Metropolitan Water Board 
on January 4, 1896. While the construction of this reservoir 
is hi the hands of the Metropolitan Water Board, the water 
has been considered by common consent to be under the con- 
trol of the city of Boston. 

Owing to the completion of the sections in the lower por- 
tion of the reservoir, 1,700,000,000 gallons were stored 
during the winter and spring of 1896-97 for a reserve for the 
use of the city. The reservoir was filled to a pohit within 16 
feet of the top of the overflow, but owing to the ample rain- 
fall it became necessary to use only a small portion of the 
water during the past year. The reservoir has been practi- 
cally completed and will be filled to the overflow by April, 
1898. 



Water Department. 113 

The average number of organisms for the year was 149. 
The spring growth of Diatomacese commenced April 12, 
reached a maximum of 180 units on May 17, and disappeared 
the first of June. The autumn growth commenced September 
22, reached a maximum of 460 units on October 27, and de- 
creased to the end of the year. The most important form was 
Asterionella. Chlorophycese appeared April 12 and con- 
tinued in small numbers throughout the year. The maximum 
of 70 units was reached in April. Gonium has been a char- 
acteristic form. Cyanophycese appeared August 11, reached 
a maximum of 230 on August 18, after which they decreased 
rapidly and remained only in small numbers during the 
remainder of the year. Infusoria were present in small 
numbers throughout the year. During April and May 
they were present to the extent of about 100 units. The 
amorphous matter was very high from the time the samples 
were first collected until the middle of May, on account of 
filling the reservoir. 

Reservoir 6. 

Grades, H. W., 295.00; Tops of Flash-boards, 304.67 and 305.00; Crest of Bam, 
294.00; Area, 185 acres; Contents, 1,520,900,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, the surface of the water in this 
reservoir was at elevation 266.42. It gradually rose to 
294.00 on May 16, when the first set of flash-boards was put 
in position. The second set was added on the 19th. On 
June 7 water began to waste over the flash-boards and con- 
tinued to overflow until July 3, when an outlet gate was 
opened. From this date until October 7 the water was kept 
just below the top of the flash-boards, by wasting on Sunday 
into the brook, which was found not to interfere with the 
work on the new channel. After October 7, work in the 
new channel being finished, the gate was kept open nearly 
all the time, and water fell from 294.77 on the 7th to 291.62 
on November 4. On December 13 the gates were finally 
closed, and at that time the water stood at 292.12. The 
water then rose, and both sets of flash-boards having been 
removed it began to flow over the stone crest on December 
16, and continued to overflow until the end of the year. 

The highest elevation reached during the year was 295.32, 
on June 12, and the lowest, 266.33, on January 2. 

Owing to the presence of Clathrocystis in this reservoir, 
all of the supply which was drawn for the city from the 
first week in August to November 27 was filtered through 
filter-beds Nos. 1, 2, 3 and 4 for the purpose of removing 
algse. 



114 City Document No. 37. 

On account of the work of excavation on Indian-brook 
channel, and the presence of algse in the water, this reservoir 
was not lowered during the year as much as usual. 

Early in the season a line of bench levels was run between 
Dam No. 6 and the permanent bench-marks on the line of 
Sudbury river. The connection which had previously been 
made with less precaution to ensure minute accuracy, was 
proved to be correct. 

For several years the city has been compelled to pay 
damages to Mrs. Levina K. Howes for flooding her land, 
which lies on both sides of Indian brook, when water was 
being drawn from the reservoir. This flooding could only be 
prevented by excavating a capacious channel through her 
land, and extending it a few hundred feet further through 
land of Emma E. Bowker to the falls. No arrangement 
could be made with Mrs. Bowker for her land, and accord- 
ingly a seizure was made of 2.75 acres. 

On July 6 a day force was placed on this work, and con- 
tinued until October 1. For a length of 950 feet a recti- 
fied channel was excavated, 14 feet in width at bottom, with 
side slopes of 3 horizontal to 1 vertical, having a capacity of 
100 cubic feet per second when the water is a foot below the 
surface of the meadow. The next 200 feet or more of channel 
was through a mass of boulders, and its section was made 20 
feet wide at bottom with very steep side slopes. For 380 feet 
further down stream the old bed of the brook was enlarged 
and deepened by removing boulders and stones. At Cross- 
street bridge it was intended to widen and deepen the channel 
and build new abutments for the bridge, but the selectmen 
of Ashland insisted that the city should build a stone arch. 
The plan was therefore changed, and the channel was 
deepened temporarily by building a wooden flume between 
the abutments. 

In September a small force was employed on improving the 
grounds at the south end of the dam and near the attendant's 
house. The work was not entirely finished. 

While the filter beds were in use during the autumn the 
water on Bed No. 1 almost disappeared at one time, and it 
was found that the wall of an old cellar, which was just 
below the surface of the bed and which extended under the 
edge of the outside embankment, was acting as a blind drain. 
This wall which was about 3 feet deep and 24 feet long, was 
removed and the hole filled with gravel. • 

The average number of organisms for the year was 536 
against 137 for 1896. Diatomacese appeared in June, and 
continued in moderate numbers throughout the year. Chlo- 



Water Department. 115 

rophycese appeared in April, and continned in small numbers 
throughout the year. Cyanophycese mainly Clathrocystis, 
appeared in large numbers on July 27, reached a maximum of 
2,630 on October 12, and decreased during the remainder 
of the year. Infusoria were present throughout the year, 
but were unimportant except from April to June and during 
August and September. 

Reservoir 8. 

Grades, H. W., 327.91; Bottom of Gates, 317.78. 
Area at 327.91, 601 acres ; Contents, between 327.91 and 317.78, 1,256,900,000 

gals. 
H. W. of temporary Dam., 329.91 ; Contents at 329.91, 1,654,800,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, the surface of the water in this reser- 
voir stood at elevation 324.77 or 3.14 feet below old high 
water. On February 2 it reached grade 325.45, when the 
outlet gate was opened to lower the water for aiding work on 
the coffer-dam. The water fell to 325.29 on March 4 when 
the gate was closed. The water then rose to 328.66 on 
July 8, when the gate was opened again to feed Reservoir 
No. 2. The water rose and fell alternately, remaining gen- 
erally at about grade 326.50 until December 31, when it 
stood at 326.43. 

The highest elevation reached during the year was 328.76 
on June 15, 20 and 21, and the lowest 324.77 on January 1 
and 2. 

The work of increasing the storage of this reservoir was 
alluded to in the last annual report. It was commenced on 
December 28, 1896, by the driving of sheeting at the site of 
the dike. 

On account of the fact that the completion of Reservoir 
No. 5 had been unavoidably delayed, it was necessary to store 
as much water as possible at other points on the works, and 
it was decided to raise the level of the pond two feet by the 
construction of another dam and a dike and other work con- 
nected therewith. Work on the dike was finished on March 
4, 1897. The raising of a road, including the building of a 
culvert, was begun on January 22, and finished on February 
23. The building of the coffer-dam, just above the site of 
the old dam, was begun on January 15 and finished March 
18. The work of erecting this coffer-dam was very difficult 
on account of the presence of a large quantity of boulders 
at the bottom of the reservoir, makmg it difficult to drive the 
4-inch sheeting. A great many of the boulders had to be 
removed, and some were blown out with dynamite before the 
sheeting could be driven. The coffer-dam was internally 



116 City Document No. 37. 

braced and filled with earth. The raising of the water 
line two feet flooded quite an amount of land which was 
covered with brush and trees. Arrangements were made 
with the various owners of the land bordering on the reser- 
voir to remove the timber, and in consideration of their tak- 
ing the wood they were obliged to remove the brush. From 
June 1 to July 3 men were employed in clearing away the 
rubbish, filling cellars and grading grounds on the site of the 
Wood shoe factory and of the houses bought by the city on 
Exchange street. 

The bulkhead and gates in the outlet flume of the reser- 
voir, which were old and weak, were removed, and a new 
bulkhead and gates built and put in place. 

In July the overflow of the first mill-pond below Reservoir 
No. 8 was thoroughly rebuilt and a new gate erected at the 
entrance to the waste pipe. 

The average number of organisms at the dam was 386, on 
the shallow portions of the reservoir 341, and at the up- 
per 241. Diatomacese were present in small numbers 
throughout the year. Chlorophycese have been most abund- 
ant in the shallow flowage, especially during February, 
April, May, September and October. With the exception of 
a single sample, taken during February, which contained 
1,020 units of Gloescystis, the maximum was 200 units. 
Cyanophycese were present in considerable quantity near 
the dam, especially during June, September and October. 
Infusoria have been present at various times in large num- 
bers at all parts of the pond. A growth of Mallomonas 
occurred during August at some depth below the surface in the 
upper pond, and reached a maximum of 2,209 units. In the 
shallow portion Infusoria were abundant during February 
and again during May, when they reached a maximum of 900 
units ; Uroglena were present during September and Octo- 
ber, and reached a maximum of 1,200 units on October 11. 
At the dam, Infusoria were abundant during March and 
April and the first part of May ; Uroglena appeared about 
September 20, reached a maximum of 2,012 on October 11, 
and disappeared during November. 

Faem Pond. 

Grades, H. W., 149.25; Low Water, 146.00. * 
Area at 149.25, 159 acres ; Contents, betiveen 149.25 and 146.00, 167,520,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, the water in this pond stood at eleva- 
tion 148.78, on March 25 at 149.40, and was kept at about 
149.00 until September 11. 



Water Depabtment. 117 

The highest elevation reached during the year was 149.50 
on April 16 to 22 inclusive, and the lowest 147.84 on Decem- 
ber 1. 

No water has been drawn from this pond for the supply of 
the city. Owing to the fact that the flow of 1,500,000 gal- 
lons, which is required by law to be wasted into the river 
every day, could not be drawn from Reservoir No. 1 while 
the trench for the 48-inch pipe was being sunk into the bed 
of the stream just below Dam No. 1 by the Metropolitan 
Water Board, arrangement was made to draw this amount of 
water from Farm pond from September 14 to December 1. 
Owing to this draught, the pond fell to 147.88, on Octo- 
ber 24 and 147.84 on December 1. The pond was par- 
tially refilled after the above dates by water drawn from 
Reservoirs Nos. 2 and 3. On December 31 the pond stood at 
grade 148.70. 

The Framingham Water Company has pumped 117,600,000 
gallons during the year, an average of 322,192 gallons daily. 

The total waste into the river from Farm pond during the 
year was 117,200,000 gallons. 

During the autumn the coping stones at the entrance to 
Farm-pond sluice were anchored by iron rods to timbers laid 
in concrete, to prevent them from being moved by ice. 

Lake Cochittjate. 

Grades, H. W., 134.36; Invert of Aqueduct, 121.03; Top of Aqueduct, 127.86. 
Area, Water Surface at 134.36, about 776 acres. 
Contents, between 134.36 and 127.36, 1,508 300,000 ; between 134.36 and 125.00, 

1,908,200,000 gals. 

Approximate Contents, between 134.36 and 121.03, 2,447,000,000 gals. ; between 134.36 

and 117.03, 2,907,000,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, the water in the lake stood at eleva- 
tion 127.43, or 6.93 feet below high water mark. By drafts 
from the Sudbury source the water was raised to 134.35 on 
April 10. Between April 11 and 16 the waste gate at the 
dam was opened to prevent the water rising too far. From 
April 16 to June 27 the water was maintained above eleva- 
tion 134.00 ; it then receded gradually, with slight gains at 
times due to drafts from the Sudbury source, dropping to 
129.42 on November 1. It then rose slightly, but remained 
below 130.00 until December 15, after which it rose quite 
rapidly for a time, and was at 130.84 on December 31. 

The total waste from the lake at the outlet was 
117,000,000 gallons, all during the month of April. 



118 



City Document No. 37. 



The following table shows the amounts of water drawn 
into the lake from the Sudbury reservoirs during the year : 

Gallons. 



January 


210,500,000 


February 


4,000,000 


March 


462,200,000 


April . 


31,500,000 


May . 


9,700,000 


July . 


66,200,000 


August 


163,900,000 


Total 


948,000,000 



Owing to the widening of the Boston & Albany Railroad in 
1896 a large mud bank was formed on the northerly side of 
the railroad, reaching within a few feet of high water mark. 
This mud bank was covered with four inches of clean, coarse 
gravel in the month of January. 

The average number of organisms in the lake water for 
the year was 698, against 569 in 1896. The spring growth 
of Diatomacese was large and long continued, extending from 
April to July. It reached a maximum of 710 on June 15, 
which was considerably later than usual, owing to the colder 
spring weather. They were not abundant again until the 
appearance of the autumn growth about the first of Octo- 
ber, continuing until the end of the year. The spring 
growth consisted mainly of Tabellaria, and the autumn 
growth of Tabellaria, Melosira and Asterionella. There have 
been no growths of Chlorophyceee of any importance. They 
were present in January and February and reappeared on 
the first of June, the maximum autumn growth amounting 
to 575 on October 25, which consisted of Aphanizomenon. 
Infusoria were present in considerable numbers throughout 
the year. They were particularly abundant during January, 
April and the autumn months. The general forms were 
Synura, Glenodinium and Dinobryon. Crenothrix was 
present at the bottom as usual throughout the year. It was 
present at the surface about the first of April and at the time 
of the overturn about the middle of November. 

The Pegan filters have been in use almost continuously 
during the year. The following table shows the total 
number of gallons pumped and the amount delivered to each 
bed: 



Water Department. 



119 





CO 

ft 
S 
pi 
Pn 

CO . 

>>a 

&■" 

<■_, CD 

of* 

to 


Amount of Water 
Pumped. 


Amount of Water delivered 
on Beds. 


1897. 
Month. 


Total for 
Month. 


Average 

for each 

Day 

Pumps ran. 

Gallons. 


No. 1. 


No. 2. 


No. 3. 


No. 4. 




Gallons. 


Galloti8. 


Gallons. 


Gallons. 


Gallons. 


January . . . 
February .. 
March 

July 

September . 

October 

November . 
December. . 


31 

27 
29 
30 
30 
28 
23 
19 
14 
9 
20 
26 


24,106,000 
24,008,000 
28,447,000 
26,827,000 
22,615,000 
23,036,000 
16,330,000 
16,654,000 
12,506,000 
7,808,000 
18,630,000 
28,998,000 


777,600 
S89.200 
980,900 
894,200 
753,800 
822,700 
710,000 
876,500 
893,300 
867,600 
931,500 
1,115,300 


8,700,000 
6,609,000 
7,808,000 
1,231,000 
6,772,000 
6,804,000 
356,000 


5,022,000 
3,791,000 
4,471,000 
940,000 
1,620,000 


10,3S4,000 
13,608,000 
14,742,000 
3,499,000 
11,178,000 


1,426,000 
21,157,000 

3,045,000 
16,232,000 




11,243,000 


4,731,000 




16,654,000 








12,506,000 








7,808,000 


2,462,000 
7,841,000 


1,037,000 
4,018,000 




15,131,000 


8,586,000 


8,553,000 


For year. .. 


2S6 


249,965,000 


874,000 


48,583,000 


20,899,000 


73,240,000 


107,243,000 



The total amount of coal used during the year was 282,030 
pounds ; 886.3 gallons were pumped per pound of coal. 

All of the water of Pegan brook was filtered during the 
year and none ran over the waste way. The area available 
for filtration was much reduced by the new location of the 
Boston & Albany Railroad, which passed through the filter 
beds, and it was found impossible to stop the flow upon any 
bed long enough to clean it. It is also necessary to main- 
tain a greater depth of water upon the beds than was origi- 
nally intended. By an arrangement with the Boston & 
Albany Railroad, water was pumped on to a large area of 
land west of Bed No. 3 and between the old and new loca- 
tions of the railroad, and on March 30 water was delivered 
on to this area, which has been used from time to time as 
convenience required. This area is designated in the table 
as Bed No. 4. Surveys, plans and estimates have been made 
for a new bed to restore the capacity lost by the new location 
of the Boston & Albany Railroad. 



120 



City Document No. 37. 



The following is a statement of land taken by the Boston 
& Albany Railroad : 

Land east of filter beds, formerly owned by David M. 
Whitney, 48,800 square feet. 

Remaining area east of filter beds, formerly owned by 
Willard C. Childs, 52,370 square feet. 

Area across filter beds, 42,900 square feet. 

Area west of filter beds to Lake Cochituate, 32,775 square 
feet. 

Total, 176,845 square feet. 



Feeders of Lake Cochituate. 

Means of Monthly Observations (1897). 





a3 




rt 


QQ 






C3 




s 


2 

o 


d 




a> sh 




a 


p< 


H 






O 


o 

s 


"5 




H 


O 


o 


<! 


P 




51.1° 


1.12 


313 


215 


446 


Beaver Dam brook (last culvert) . . . 


52.6 


1.02 


97 


291 


387 




53.3 


1.00 


126 


167 


339 




53.1 


0.21 


889 


219 


383 




52.5 
53.3 


1.01 
0.18 


182 
146 


215 
320 


464 




2,096 




52.6 


0.71 


78 


362 


1,375 







1 Standard units per c.c. 



2 Number per c.c. 



Dudley Pond. 

Grades, H. W., 146.46; 18-inch Pipe, 130.36 and 127.36. 
Area, Water Surface, 81 acres; Greatest Depth, 27 feet; Contents, above 130.36, 

250,000,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, water in this pond stood at an eleva- 
tion of 143.16, 3.3 feet below high water mark, and on De- 
cember 31 it was at grade 143.24. No water has been 
drawn from the pond during the year. 



SUDBUEY-RlVER AQUEDUCT. 

Grades, 141.35 at Farm Pond; 124.05 at Terminal Gate-House. 

Length of main aqueduct, 15.89 miles ; size, 7 ft. 8 in. x" 9 ft.; present capacity, 

86,000,000 gals, in 24 hours. 

The three parts of this aqueduct are in good condition. 
The main aqueduct has been in use 354.2 days, and the sup- 
ply aqueduct from Dam No. 1 to Farm pond 356.9 days, as 
it was necessary to run water into Farm pond several times 



Watee Department. 121 

while drawing the daily flow of 1,500,000 gallons from that 
pond. The flow in the aqueduct has been stopped for clean- 
ing, and to put in and remove the coffer dam in the supply 
aqueduct at the entrance of the chamber at the end of the new 
48-inch main at Reservoir No. 1, on account of the Metro- 
politan Water Works ; it has also been stopped for purpose 
of making preparations for cleaning the southerly pipe at the 
Rosemary siphon ; in all, twelve times during the year. 

The amount of water sent to the city has been 15,451,- 
100,000 gallons, a daily average of 43,332,000 gallons. In 
addition to the above, 948,000,000 gallons have been supplied 
to Lake Cochituate. 

At the Rosemary siphon, between August 31 and Septem- 
ber 3, the tubercles were carefully removed from the interior 
of the southerly 48-inch main. The pipe had been in use 
about twenty-one years. The inside surface was about half 
covered with tubercles. These were carefully scraped off 
with special wooden tools, so as to not injure the tar coating 
under the tubercles. Fifteen cubic feet of tubercles were 
wheeled out, and the pipe carefully washed and brushed. 
Fifteen men were employed for four days in cleaning the 
pipe, which is 1,800 feet in length. Eighteen joints were 
pointed with Portland cement, mixed with one part of sand. 
They were from one to two inches in width and 1| inches in 
depth. 

On October 11, Course brook waste-weir, the Rockland 
tunnel, Badger Hill tunnel, Waban bridge and Bacon's and 
Fuller's waste-weirs were cleaned. They were all covered 
with a dirty, black deposit, and a large quantity of sponge 
was removed from the bottoms of the tunnels. 

The supply and Farm-pond aqueducts were cleaned twice 
by machine, on April 28 and September 30. The main 
aqueduct was cleaned by machine from Farm pond to the 
west siphon chamber on October 25 and 26. The length 
was 10.25 miles. The aqueduct was very dirty and cov- 
ered with a black deposit. A large amount of sponge 
was found on the bottom and sides, extending to a level 
about one foot above the skew-back. The easterly part 
of the aqueduct could not be cleaned at this time, owing to 
work which the city of Newton was carrying on below 
Clark's waste-weir. 

On December 28 the Beacon-street tunnel was carefully 
examined for its entire length. No fallen stone was found 
except about three cubic feet at Station 783 + 50, in the slate 
section, and one cubic foot at Station 789 + 25. 



122 City Document No. 37. 

The old flap-gates at the east siphon chamber were re- 
placed with new ones of kyanized spruce. 

Cochituate Aqueduct. 

Grades, 121.03 at Lake; 116.77 at Brookline Reservoir. 
Length, 14.60 miles ; Size, 5 ft. x6 ft. 4 in.; Capacity, 16,000,000 gals, in 24 hours. 

This aqueduct has been in constant use during the year, 
except from 5 P.M., April 11, to 5 A.M., April 15, when the 
flow was stopped for cleaning. The aqueduct was cleaned 
at this time from Lake Cochituate to the influent gate-house 
at Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. From the lake to Station 130 
the interior was covered with large patches of sponge and 
a great quantity of black deposit ; this section had to be 
washed twice. From the siphon at Charles-river bridge east- 
erly the sponge gradually diminished. On October 21 and 
22 the portion of the aqueduct from the intermediate gate- 
house to the Brookline Reservoir was cleaned. On December 
14 two new galvanized-iron gate-rods were put into Webbers's 
waste-weir. A depth of six and one-half feet at the lake has 
been maintained hi the aqueduct throughout the year, except 
for the first five days in January, when the lake was not 
high enough to furnish this flow. 

In May the city of Newton laid a sewer-pipe over the 
aqueduct in the Newton Boulevard near Chestnut-Hill 
Reservoir. The pipe was ten inches in diameter and thirty- 
six feet in length, with leaded joints, with a sub-drain four 
niches hi diameter. The pipes were encased in Portland 
cement concrete, ten inches in thickness, to prevent any pos- 
sible leakage into the aqueduct. 

The leakage at Waban bridge has been the same as hi pre- 
vious years. The frequent freezings and thawings have acted 
upon the cement joints in the masonry on the exterior, and 
also on the interior below the bottom of the aqueduct. It 
will be necessary during the coming year to point the granite 
belting courses and the exterior of the brickwork. The 
asphalt covering also requires to be renewed. 

The granite belting courses on the Charles-river bridge 
need repointing ; also portions of the granite-work on the 
north and south sides of the structure. Some of the external 
brickwork also needs repairing. At the top of the pilasters 
the bricks are cracked, and portions are falling out. The con- 
crete on top of the bridge also should be renewed. 

The following repairs have been made during the year : 
Bacon's and Fuller's waste-weirs were scraped, pointed and 
painted with asphalt paint by the aqueduct force ; a con- 



Water Department. 123 

siderable amount of fencing has been built, and the whole 
extent of the line has been mowed from South Framingham 
to Newton Centre ; the culverts have been kept in good order, 
and the channels leading to and from them cleaned out. 

Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. 

Grades, H. W., 124.00; Dam, 128; Effluent pipes, 99.80. 

Area, Lawrence Basin, 37.5 acres; Contents, 186,000,000 gals.; Area, Bradlee 

Basin, 87.5 aa'es ; Contents, 391,000,000 gals. 

Total Contents above grade, 100.00, 557,000,000, gals. 

In November the Metropolitan Water Board began the lay- 
ing of two lines of 48-inch pipes through the grounds on the 
southerly side of the Bradlee basin. During the summer a 
road was constructed from Commonwealth avenue to the 
reservoir driveway, through the old right-of-way known as 
Brown's lane. The street was built by representatives of 
Margaret Wade, and was constructed on the lines given by 
the Street Laymg-Out Department. As it was extremely 
undesirable that a road should enter the driveway, a fence 
was built across the end of the road, and although the owners 
of the land threatened to remove the fence this was not 
done. Later, plans were prepared for the taking of the land 
necessary to protect the driveway at this point. The drive- 
way entering Commonwealth avenue on the north-west side of 
the Lawrence basin was closed to travel during the year 
owing to the danger threatening bicyclists at this point. The 
driveways and buildings have been properly cared for during 
the year, but the large amount of new work upon which the 
Metropolitan Water Board is entering has made more or less 
confusion in different portions of the grounds, especially east 
of the pumping station. Late in the autumn the carriage 
shed at the westerly end of the pumping station and the 
shrubbery surrounding the station were removed preparatory 
to the construction of the extension of the pumping station 
by the Metropolitan Water Board. 

The area of water works' land taken by the Street De- 
partment for the extension of Commonwealth avenue was 
ascertained to be 104,528 square feet. The extension of 
this boulevard was referred to in the last annual report. 

In March some experiments were made under my direc- 
tion by Mr. Charles W. Sherman, Assistant Engineer, on 
losses of head due to friction in the 30-inch force main. 
The velocities ranged from 0.75 to 5.1 feet per second. The 
pipe was laid in 1887, and its length is 5,740 feet. The quan- 
tity of water flowing was measured over the 5-foot weir at 
Fisher Hill. The losses of head were determined by the 



124 



City Document No. 37. 



readings of piezometer gauges placed on the pipes. The 
coefficient c in the Chezy formula v = c (RS)* was found 
to be 103 + , corresponding to Kutter's coefficient for rough- 
ness n = .0133. 

At the same time a single experiment was made on the 
36-inch pipe, which showed its condition to be about the same 
as at the time of the test made last year. The following 
table gives the results of the several experiments on both 
pipes : 



Pipe. 


Date of 
Experiment. 


c. 


n. 


30-inch pipe 5,740 feet long laid in 1887 


1888 
1897 


Ill 
1103 


.0124 
.0133 


36-inch pipe 5,500 feet long laid in 1894 


1895 
1896 

1897 


136 
1113 

2 114 


.0107 
.0125 
.0126 



i Mean of a series of observations. 



2 One experiment. 



It appears that the condition of the 30-inch pipe in 1888, 
one year after laying, was about the same as that of the 36- 
inch pipe hi 1897, three years after laying. Both of these 
pipes were opened by the Metropolitan Water Works in 
December, for the purpose of making connections, and an 
examination of the pieces taken out showed the interior condi- 
tion of the pipes to be quite similar as far as the organic 
growth of plant and animal life was concerned. On the 30- 
inch pipe the iron tubercles were nearly twice as large as 
those on the 36-inch pipe. 

It is probable that the rapid deterioration hi the first year or 
so after the large mains were laid is due to growths of proto- 
zoa, sponge, etc., and the formation of incipient iron tubercles ; 
and the subsequent slow increase hi frictional resistance is 
due to the growth of the tubercles. 

Measuring tapes of steel were tested during the year by 
comparison with the standard of length at Chestnut-Hill 
Reservoir for the Massachusetts Topographical Survey Com- 
mission, the Engineering and Street Laying-Out Departments 
of the city of Boston, the Engineering Departments of the 
cities of Cambridge and Newton, and. the Metropolitan 
Water Works. This work has been done free of charge. A 



"Water Department. 125 

number of levelling rods have also been tested for the Metro- 
politan Water Works. 

The number of organisms in the samples collected during 
the year at the effluent gate-house averaged 366, against 224 
for 1896. The number of organism, in the samples collected 
during ten months from the surface, mid-depth and bottom of 
the middle of the reservoir, averaged 373, against 245 for a 
period of nine months during 1896. Diatomacese ap- 
peared during the last of April, reached a maximum 
of 685 units on June 21, and were present in considerable 
numbers throughout the remainder of the year. Chlo- 
rophycese were present from April until the middle of Decem- 
ber. They reached a maximum of 70 units on July 23. 
Cyanophycese appeared during the last of May, and con- 
tinued throughout the remainder of the year. The maxi- 
mum growth amounting to 250 units occurred on October 
18. Infusoria were present throughout the year, and were 
especially abundant during May, June and August. The 
maximum growth of 195 units occurred May 1. During 
August there was a considerable growth of Synura, which 
was unusual, as Synura is generally abundant only hi cold 
weather. 

Chestnut-Hill Pumping Station. 

Two Gaskill rumping Engines, Capacity, 8,000,000 gals, each per day, and 
one Leavilt Pumping Engine, Capacity, 20,000,000 gals, per day. 

During September, the work on the extension of the pump- 
ing station was commenced by the Metropolitan Water 
Board preparatory to the installation of the new 30-million- 
gallon pumping engine to be furnished by the E. P. Allis 
Company of Milwaukee. 

The dynamo engine, which was furnished by the lighting 
department of the city, was found not to be up to the con- 
tract capacity. It was tested by Messrs. Dean and Main. 
A new engine was afterwards put in place. 

The extensive repairs on Gaskill Engine No. 1 by the 
Lockwood Manufacturing Company were completed early in 
the present year, and Gaskill Engine No. 2 has been over- 
hauled and put into good condition. 

During the year stuffing boxes were placed upon the plun- 
gers of the pumps connected with the Leavitt engine. It 
was found that a considerable amount of water was passing 
around the plungers, due to wear on the bottom, which gave 



126 City Document No. 37. 

a very large slip. The following table shows the decrease 
in slip clue to the repairs : 



Time. 


Speed, Revolutions per Minute. 


Slip. 


Before repairs . . . . < 
After repairs -j 


50.3 

37. 4 
36.8 
33.7 


6.77 p. c. 
8.05 p. c. 
3.05 p. c. 
4.18 p. c. 



The Metropolitan Water Board makes a seizure of this 
pumping station on January 1, 1898, and it now passes 
into the control of that Board. 

Brookline Reservoir. 

Grade, H. W., 124.00; Area, 23 acres; Greatest depth, 24 feet; Contents, 

115,000,000 gals. 

Everything in connection with this reservoir is in good 
condition. The Metropolitan Water Board laid a 42-inch 
main across the reservoir grounds at the westerly end, and 
this work has somewhat disturbed the condition of the 
grounds. No special work of maintenance has been done at 
this point during the year. 

Fisher-Hill Reservoir. 

Grades, H. W., 241.00; Pipe inverts, 220.00; Depth, 21 feet; Contents, 
15,400,000 above 223.00. 

This high service reservoir is in good condition. It was 
maintained during the year by the force at Chestnut-Hill 
Reservoir. The 10-foot weir at the reservoir was built of 
wood and was intended only as a temporary expedient for 
measuring the flow from the pumps at the pumping station. 
I recommend its removal under proper supervision as soon 
as it can conveniently be undertaken. 

Inspection of Water Sources. 

The following is a summary of the work of the Inspection 
of Pollution Department for the year 1897, Mr. John S. 
Concannon, Chief Inspector : 

Total number of cases inspected : 

Old cases 597 

New cases . . . . . . , . .2 

Total .599 

Eliminated during 1897 100 

Remaining cases ....... 499 



Water Department. 
Present condition of all cases : 



127 



Remedied ...... 


. 192 


Present safe ..... 


. 291 


Seem safe ...... 


. 4 


Suspected . . . . 


.4 


Unsatisfactory ..... 


. 8 



Cases in which sewer connections were made 

There were in Natick .... 
" Framingham . 

" Westborough . 

" Marlborough . 

Total 



499 



29 
5 
4 

7 

45 



These forty-five sewered cases are included in the 192 
remedied cases, and, in the regular order, would not be re- 
ported as "Eliminated" until January, 1899. 

There are eight unsatisfactory cases, located as follows : 

Marlborough 
Natick 
Cordaville . 



Southborough 
Westborough 



There are four suspected cases, located as follows : 

Natick .....*.. 
Southborough ...... 

Biological Laboratory. 



The laboratory is now under the charge of F. S. Hollis, 
Ph.D. During the year 1897, 1,921 microscopical and 1,749 
bacteriological examinations of water were made at the labora- 
tory. Of the microscopical examinations, 1,675 were of the 
regular weekly samples, and 246 were hi connection with 
special investigations of the sources of supply. Samples for 
bacteriological examination have been taken regularly from 
the middle of Chestnut-Hill Reservoir, the gate-houses at 
Chestnut Hill Reservoir, tap at Park square in Boston, and 
occasionally from the sources of supply. In addition to the 
sources before examined, samples have been taken regularly 
during the year from Reservoirs Nos. 5 and 8. 



128 City Document No. 37. 

Special attention has been given, as in former years, to 
following the indications obtained from the analyses of the 
regular samples and tracing them to their original sources and 
studying the causes. As examples may be mentioned the 
study of the occurrence of Uroglena in Reservoirs Nos. 3 
and 8 of Clathrocystis hi Reservoir No. 6, and of Synura in 
Lake Cochituate. No water was drawn from these sources 
for use while the growths were abundant. 

The degree of turbidity of the water of Reservoir No. 5, 
resulting from filling the newly stripped area and from work 
still in progress at the upper end, has been studied by means 
of frequent series of disc readings. The study of stagna- 
tion phenomena has been made by means of the regular 
series of temperature observations and color readings taken 
at the different sources. Color readings have been taken 
frequently as an aid in regulating the flow of water from the 
Sudbury and Cochituate aqueducts through the distributing 
reservoirs. 

Boston Tap Water. — The average number of organisms 
for the year was 351 against 182 for 1896. Diatomacese 
w^ere present in considerable numbers throughout the year. 
They were present to the extent of 953 units in June, and 
of 450 units in November. Chlorophycese were unimpor- 
tant, but were present throughout the year. Cyanophy- 
cese were present throughout the year, except during the 
latter part of March and during April. They were most 
abundant from July to the end of the year, reaching a maxi- 
mum of 500 on August 30. Infusoria were present through- 
out the year, amounting to 240 units on April 20, and 225 
units on November 16. 

Opportunities have occurred during the 3 7 "ear for the ex- 
amination of growths in the Sudbury aqueduct, the conduit 
leading from Chestnut-Hill Reservoir to Brookline Reservoir, 
and the 30-inch and 36-inch mains leading from the Chest- 
nut-Hill Reservoir to Fisher-Hill Reservoir. Considerable 
information of interest has been gamed by these examina- 
tions. 

During the year the form heretofore provisionally called 
Anabsena (sterile), which is characteristic of Lake Cochituate, 
has been definitely identified as Aphanizomenon flos aqua. 
This identification was confirmed by Prof. W. G. Farlow. 

The following tables give, first, the average condition of 
the tap water shown by the chemical analyses made under 
the direction of the State Board of Health, and secondly, the 
averages of monthly analyses of the sources of supply ; then 
follow the biological tables giving the results of these works at 



Water Department. 129 

the laboratory at Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. Following these 
tables are the usual tables of detailed expenditures and of 
rainfall. 

As nearly all of the works connected with what has been 
known as the Western Division of the Boston Water Works 
pass to-day into the control of the Metropolitan Water Board, 
this is the last report that will be made of these works 
under the control of the city of Boston. The undersigned 
has had immediate charge of this division for the past 
twenty-five years, and has seen the consumption grow from 
15,000,000 gallons daily from the Cochituate works in 
1872 to 60,000,000 gallons daily from the Sudbury and 
Cochituate works in 1898. 

Very truly yours, 

Desmond FitzGerald, 
Gceneral Superintendent. 



130 



City Document No. 37. 



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138 



City Document No. 37. 



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Water Department. 



139 






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140 



City Document No. 37. 



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Water Department. 



141 



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•* 


in 


in 

CO 


CO 

CO 


1C 

CO 


eo 
eo 


00 

m 


-V 


in 

CO 


CO 

m 


g 

CO 

w 


"luanrjiii 


CO 
CO 


m 

CO 


00 
CO 


CO 


CO 

m 


o 

01 
CO 


eo 

01 


I- 
eo 


as 
t- 

in 


o 
in 


o 


in 

CO 


as 


•aB8i\r 


CO 


•* 

CO* 


co 


CD 


in 
in 


00 

in 


00 

CO 


l-H 
O* 
CO 


-n" 
m 


q 

CD 


q 


od 

CO 


■* 


•jog 


CO 


CO 
CO 


as 
co 


CO 


CO 


00 


00 

od 


i-O 

CO 


in 


X 

in 


q 


q 
od 

CO 


q 

■* 


•piw 


CO 


o 

CO 


in 

CO 


in 

T 


CO 

in 


CO' 

in 


CO 

CO 


-r 

OI 
CO 


CO 

in 


CO 


5 


CO 
CO 


00 

■* 


•mg 


CO 


CO 


CO 


-* 


in 


CN 

CO 


in 


CO 


OS 

in 




i-i 




o 
in 


CO 
g 
CO 

«1 


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e; 

lO 
CO 


OS 

■* 

CO 


CO 

CO 


est 


00 

m 


CO 
CO 


01 

in 




q 

CO 


01 

co' 


q 


q 
in 

CO 


q 
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in 


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CO 

CO 


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CO 
CO 


00 

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q 

CO 


CO* 

in 


00 
CO 

CO 


q 
oi 


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o; 
co* 
in 


5" 


CD 
CO 


q 
lO 


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q 

CO 


in 

CO 
CO 


co 


q 
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in 


00 
CO 


in 




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CN 

CD* 

in 


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co" 

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q 


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CO 


CO 

CO 


in 


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CO 


01 

t- 




CO 

in 

CO 


CO 

m 


eci 

■* 


in 

CO 


CM 

lO 


ei 

g 

CO 


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ei 

CO 


ei 

CO 


q 

CO 


q 

OS 

•>* 


q 

05 

in 


q 
in 

CO 






q 

CO 


as 

in 

m 


o-i 
■* 


q 

CO 


q 

m 


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CO 


q 

-*' 

CO 


CO 
CO 
CO 


CO 


q 
ad 
■n 


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in 

CO 


q 

in 
t- 


q 
oi 
t- 


q 
in 

CD 


-. 

in 
m 


q 

CO 

■* 


in 

CO 


ei 

in 


•;og 


CO 

CO 


01 

CO 


CO 


OS 




CO 


00 


m 


m 
eo 


eo 
m 
m 


CO 


CO 
CO 


in 


•PTW 


CO 
CO 


°i 

-I- 

CO 


CO 

co 

CO 


q 

CO 


q 
od 
in 


CO 

in 

CO 


q 
in 


q 


in 

CO 


q 

lO 

m 


9 


q 
iri 

CO 


ei 

m 


•JTlg 


CO 
CO 


CO 

00 

CO 


in 
in" 

CO 




in 

OS 

m 


in 

co' 

CO 


in 


q 

CO 


in 
eo 


CO 

in 


oi 


eo 


e! 

m 


H 

H 8 
o 


•rreajtf 


to 

CO 






q 

•n 


q 
in 


°5 
ei 

m 


00 

CO 

m 


in 


q 
o 
m 


q 


-# 


od 

CO 


q 
od 


•jog 


q 

OS 
CO 






in 

co' 


in 


00 

-*' 




CO 


■* 


CO 

oi 


■* 
■* 


od 

CO 


ei 


•PTW 


CO 
CO 






q 


>* 


CO 


in 




in 


ed 




q 
od 

CO 


as 
■* 


■mg 


CO 

in 

CO 






CD 


00 

o 

CO 


q 
co 

CO 


CSI 


I- 


q 

-*' 
eo 


00 

in 


q 
■* 


q 
od 

CO 


CD 
IO 




W 

H 
S3 
O 


i 


- 
a. 




cj 
2 






eg 




05 


bo 


to 

0} 


C 




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O 


CO 

ft 


Cj 
O 



142 



City Document No. 37 



Temperatures (Fahrenheit), 1897. 





Chestnut-Hill 

Reservoir 
Gate-Houses. 


Chestnut-Hill 
Reservoir. 


Brook- 
line 
Res'vr. 


Tap. 


Month. 


u 


CO 


CD 

s 

2 

o 
o 
O 


"3 

CD 

P 


6 
o 

03 

SH 

H 
P 
CO 


d 

CD 

S 


B 

o 

o 
M 


a 

CD 


CD 

m 

P 
o 

CD 

o3 

o 


6< 

CO 

M 
u 

03 
Pi 




37.2 
36.2 
37.2 
48.6 
58.3 
63.8 
73.0 
71.5 
67.4 
57.0 
45.5 
37.7 


37.6 
38.1 
38.S 
46.4 
57.5 
64.0 
73.7 
72.2 
68.4 
58.3 
48.0 
39.1 


36.3 
36.0 
37.1 
47.9 
57.7 
63.9 
74.6 
71.9 
67.6 
57.7 
46.6 
37.1 










36.8 
37.1 
38.3 
47.8 
58.1 
64.8 
74.8 
72.3 
68.6 
58.1 
46.5 
37.8 


40.8 












37.1 




37.7 
48.5 
59.4 
66.5 
77.0 
73.4 
66.6 
57.5 
45.5 
38.2 


37.5 
47.2 
57.9 
65.9 
73.3 
71.8 
67.3 
56.9 
45.5 
38.2 


37.5 
45.8 
52.7 
59.0 
64.5 
65.6 
61.2 
56.7 
45.4 
38.2 


37.6 
47.2 
56.7 
63.8 
71.6 
70.3 
65.0 
57.0 
45.5 
38.2 


38.2 




47.3 




57.0 




62.7 




71.4 




69.4 




66.6 




58.3 




48.0 




39.2 




52.8 


53.5 


52.9 


57.0 


56.2 


52.7 


55.3 


53.4 


53.0 







Water Department. 



143 



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CD CD CO CD CD CD 



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144 



City Document No. 37. 



Color, 1897. (Platinum Standard.) 



Month. 



January . 
February- 
March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October. . . 
November 
December 

Mean . . 



Chestnut-Hill 

Reservoir 
Gate-Houses. 



.87 
.67 
.62 
.73 
.75 
.95 
.82 
.96 
.82 
.66 
.81 
.79 



.79 



.34 
.36 
.37 
.36 
.31 
.30 
.30 
.25 
.25 
.30 
.35 
.35 



.32 



Chestnut-Hill 
Reservoir. 



.55 
.54 
.54 
.58 
.62 
.54 
.69 
.59 
.54 
.64 



.58 



.55 
.54 
.54 
.60 
.64 
.57 
.64 
.58 
.54 
.63 



Br'k- 

LINE 

Res. 



.65 
.57 
.49 
.53 
.53 
.62 
.63 
.57 
.59 
.52 
.52 
.62 



TAP. 



.57 



.69 
.62 
.54 
.54 
.54 
.61 
.64 
.59 
.60 
.57 
.53 
.63 

.59 



Water Department. 



145 



Bacteria, 1897. 





Chestnut-Hill 

Reservoir 
Gate-Houses. 


Chestnut-Hill 
Reservoir. 


Br'k- 

LINE 

Res. 


TAP. 


Month. 


3 

€ 

co 


o3 
p 

1 

o 
O 


a 


03 

© 

C3 
U 
P 
CO 


i 

-a 
-a 


a* 

o 
o 


03 

P 
o 

oi 

H 
o 


6< 

CO 

u 




77 
669 
467 
186 

81 
108 

80 
196 

73 
144 
458 
291 


52 
283 
160 

77 
113 
122 
159 
133 

85 
311 
722 

85 


42 

268 

141 

134 

65 

46 

72 

97 

70 

91 

162 

160 








57 

262 

173 

153 

92 

70 

68 

65 

58 

98 

169 

179 


17 










182 




114 
110 
50 
48 
50 
58 
61 
83 
114 
64 


164 

131 

59 

47 

60 

272 

50 

93 

133 

141 


168 
133 
74 
80 
70 
89 
73 
83 
138 
112 


123 




102 




64 




44 




132 




115 




83 




98 




101 




197 








236 


192 


112 


75 


115 


102 


120 


105 







146 



City Document No. 37. 



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Water Department. 



147 



Table of Rainfall at Chestnut-Hill Reservoir for Year ending 
December 31, 1897. 



Date. 


to 

si 
a 

h- 1 


H 

DQ 


Duration. 


Date. 


» 

o 
a 

h- 1 


u 

CO 


Duration. 


Jan. 4 

" 5 
« 17 

" 18 
" 20 
" 21 
« 22 
" 27 
" 28 


J 1.26 

S 0.32 

[ 0.70 

0.05 

|l.76 


Rain. 

Snow and 
rain. 

Snow. 


6.00 p.m. to 

3.30 p.m. 
4.30 p.m to 

7.00 a.m. 
7.00 p.m. to 

3.15 p.m. 
8.00 p.m. to 11.30 p.m. 
7.00 p.m. to 

7.00 p.m. 


April 5 
" 7 
" 8 
" 8 
" 9 
" 15 
" 15 
" 17 
" 26 
" 27 


0.25 
| 0.61 

| 1.69 

0.26 
0.10 
0.18 
0.04 
0.10 


Rain. 
<( 

(c 

ci 
II 


1.30 a.m. to 4.00 p.m. 
4.00 p.m. to 

1.00 a.m. 
6.00 p.m. to 

11.30 p.m. 
1.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. 
4.15 p.m. to 5.00 p.m. 
11.00 a.m. to 3.30 p.m. 
4.00 a.m. to 6.00 a.m. 


TotaJ. 


4.09 






3.45 p.m. to 9.00 p.m. 


Feb. 6 


5 0.59 

0.02 
1.26 
0.02 
0.13 
0.77 


Rain. 
Snow. 

ff 

Rain and 

snow. 

Snow. 

Rain and 
snow. 


8.30 p.m. to 

5.30 p.m. 
9.00 p.m. to 11.00 p.m. 
1.00 a.m. to 

1.30 a.m. 
3.30 a.m. to 9.30 a.m. 

12.40 a.m. to 5.00 a.m. 
8.00 p.m. to 

10.30 a.m. 


Total. 


3.23 






" 7 
" 8 
" 12 
" 13 
" 16 

" 21 
" 22 
" 23 


May 2 
" 3 
" 3 
" 4 
" 10 
" 12 
" 13 
" 13 
" 16 
" 21 
" 25 
" 29 
" 30 
" 31 


1 1.00 

[0.44 

0.64 
0.20 
0.15 
0.25 
0.08 
0.17 
0.93 
0.03 

| 0.51 


Rain. 

a 
tt 
tt 


1.00 a.m. to 

10.00 a.m. 
10.00 p.m. to 

4.00 a.m. 
4.35 p.m. to 10.00 p.m. 
5.30 a.m. to 2.00 p.m. 
4.00 a.m. to 9.00 a.m. 
3.40 p.m. to 10.00 p.m. 
5.00 a.m. to 7.00 a.m. 
5.30 p.m. to 8.30 p.m. 
12.05 a.m. to 5.30 a.m. 
3.00 a.m. to 4.00 a.m. 
7.45 p.m. to 

3.00 p.m. 


Total. 


2.79 






Mar. 1 
" 2 
" 3 
" 5 


0.07 

[o.is 

0.30 

0.05 
0.15 
0.36 

U.90 

1.07 


Snow. 

Rain. 

Snow and 
rain. 

Rain. 

II 

Snow and 
rain. 

Rain. 

d 


4.15 p.m. to 11.30 p.m. 
9.00 p.m. to 

5.00 p.m. 
12.30 p.m. to 11.00 p.m. 

8.00 a.m. to 11.00 a.m. 
1.45 p.m. to 7.30 p.m. 
9.50 a.m. to 5.30 p.m. 
11.30 p.m. 

to 

8.30 a.m. 
1.00 a.m. to 7.00 p.m. 


" 10 


Total. 


4.40 






" 12 
" 14 
" 19 
" 20 
" 21 
" 24 


June 4 
" 5 
" 9 
" 10 
" 13 
" 15 
" 20 


S 0.41 

[2.14 

0.31 
0.32 
0.27 


Rain. 
ii 


3.45 p.m. to 

10.30 a.m. 
4.00 a.m. to 

6.00 p.m. 
2.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m. 
2.45 p.m. to 4.00 p.m. 


Total. 


3. OS 






4.30 a.m. to 8.30 a.m. 



148 



City Document No. 37. 



Table of Rainfall at Chestnut-Hill Reservoir. — Continued. 





m 








« 






Date. 


o 

a 


►1 


Duration. 


Date. 


G 




Duration. 




M 


m 






M 


CO 




June 20 


0.05 


Rain. 


10.30 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. 


Oct. 12 


0.41 


Rain. 


1.15 p.m. to 5.15 p.m. 


" 25 


0.10 
0.93 


« 


9.20 a.m. to 10.00 a.m. 
2.30 a.m. to 10.15 a.m. 


" 21 


0.12 


" 


6.15 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. 


" 30 


Total. 


0.53 






Total. 


4.53 






Nov. 1 


\ 2.22 


Rain. 


1.20 p.m. to. 


July 1 


0.05 


Rain. 


7.15 p.m. to 7.30 p.m. 


« 2 






11.00 p.m. 


" 11 


0.05 


C( 


6.00 a.m. to. 11.30 a.m. 


" 5 


0.06 


" 


10.00 p.m. to 10.30 p.m. 


" 13 


0.38 


" 


12.15 a.m. to 7.00 a.m. 


" 8 


| 0.72 




5.00 p.m. to 


" 13 


) 




5.00 p.m. to 


" 9 




6.00 p.m. 




[0.2S 


" 












" 14 


> 




9.30 a.m. 


" 11 


[2.04 


Rain and 

snow. 


5.00 p.m. to 


« 22 


1.28 


ft 


4.20 a.m. to 7.00 p.m. 


" 12 


) 




12.45 p.m. 


" 24 


0.58 


" 


2.20 p.m. to 10.00 p.m. 


" 15 


0.05 


Rain. 


6.45 p.m. to 10.00 p.m. 


" 25 


0.02 


" 


6.30 p.m. to 7.30 p.m. 


" 16 


}0.31 


„ 


9.30 p.m. to 


" 2S 


jl.74 


II 


11.00 p.m. to 


i< 17 


J 




3.00 a.m. 


" 29 


1 




10.10 a.m. 


" 19 


( 0.25 


Snow. 


10.45 a.m. to 


Total. 


4.38 






" 20 




















4.30 p.m. 


Aug. 4 


0.38 


Rain. 


4.40 p.m. to 5.05 p.m. 


" 22 


) 














J 0.32 


" 


10.00 p.m. to 


" 4 


J 0.73 


(i 


8.30 p.m. to 


" 23 


) 




7.00 a.m. 


" 5 


\ 




11.00 a.m. 


















" 25 


0.04 


Rain. 


10.00 p.m. to 10.30 p.m. 


" 11 


0.12 


II 


2.00 p.m. to 4.45 p. m. 


" 27 


0.57 


<■ 


3.30 a.m. to 9.15 a.m. 


" 11 


) 




10.00 p.m. to 












f 0.06 


II 




" 29 


0.16 


" 


2.15 p.m. to 6.45 p.m. 


" 12 


I 




11.00 a.m. 










) 




Total. 


6.74 






" 15 


) 




3.45 p.m. to 5.00 p.m. 
























Dec. 3 


) 




12.45 p.m. to 


" 15 


j>0.36 


II 


10.30 p.m. to 


« 4 


[ 0.05 


Snow. 


5.30 a.m. 


" 16 


J 




7.30 a.m. 


ii 4 


) 




5.00 p.m. to 


" 16 


0.14 


II 


12.20 p.m. to 2.00 p.m. 


" 5 


[0.37 


Rain. 


9.45 a.m. 


" 18 


1.00 


" 


7.00 p.m. to 10.30 p.m. 


<• 7 


) 




11.45 a.m. to 


" 22 


0.62 


II 


5.15 p.m. to 9.15 p.m. 


" 8 


[0.13 


Snow. 


5.30 a.m. 


« 24 


1.27 


" 


5.00 a.m to 3.30 p.m. 


















i< 12 


0.42 


Rain. 


8.30 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. 


Total. 


4.68 














« u 


\ 




11.30 a.m. to 


Sept. 2 


0.67 


Rain. 


4.00 a.m. to 4.00 p.m. 


(2.48 


« 












" 15 


) 




2.30 p.m. 


" 11 


0.15 




2.00 p.m. to 2.30 p.m. 


ii 17 


0.03 


« 


8.30 p.m. to 11.00 p.m. 


" 13 


0.34 


ii 


3.00 p.m. to 5.00 p.m. 


" 20 


) 




7.15 p.m. to 


" 16 


0.33 


" 


7.50 p.m. to 10.00 p.m. 


" 21 


[0.20 


Snow.- 


10.00 a.m. 


" 20 


0.98 


" 


3.20 p.m. to 8.00 p.m. 


" 26 


0.21 


,1 


11.20 a.m. to 9.00 p.m. 


" 23 


) 




5.00 p.m. to 












[0.67 


ii 




" 29 


0.05 


" 


9.00 p.m. to 11.30 p.m. 


" 24 


) 




9.30 a.m. 


















" 31 


0.56 


Snow and 


12.00 noon to 11.45 p.m. 


" 26 


0.08 


" 


7.30 p.m. to 8.30 p.m. 






rain. 




Total. 


3.22 






Total. 


4.50 







Note. — TofeJ Rainfall lor the Year, 46.17 inches. 



Water Department. 



149 



APPENDIX C. 



REPORT OF THE ENGINEER. 



Engineering Department, 

City Hall, February 1, 1898. 

Hon. John R. Murphy, 

Water Commissioner: 

Sir: I hereby submit the following report of the work 
clone and records kept, during the past year : 

Sources of Supply. 

The rainfall and quantities collected on the several water- 
sheds were as follows : 



Sudbury. 



Cochituate. 



Mystic. 



Rainfall, in inches 

Rainfall collected, in inches 

Daily average yield of water- ) 
shed, in gallons ) 



46.190 
20.815 

74.528,800 



44.790 
17.052 

15,321,100 



44.350 
17.636 

22,566,600 



Reservoir No. 1. 

Grades, H.W., 160.79; Tops of Flash-boards, 159.29 and 158.41; Crest of Dam 

157.54; Area, Water Surface, 143 acres; Greatest Depth, 15 ft.; Contents, 

below 160.79, 365.560,000 gals.; Below 159.29, 288,400,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, the surface of this reservoir was at 
grade 156.37 or 1.17 feet below the crest of the dam; it 
remained at about this point until March 1, when the reservoir 
began to fill, and on March 7, water was wasting over the 
dam, and so continued until April 2, when the flash-boards 
were placed in position. 

From April 8 to 21, from May 3 to 5, May 15 to 18, May 
30 to June 28, July 1 to 7, and from July 13 to August 3, 
water wasted over the flash-boards. 

On August 16 the flash-boards were removed from the 
dam. 



150 City Document No. 37. 

The water reached its lowest point on September 17, being 
at grade 145.90. On January 1, 1898, the water surface 
was at grade 157.28. Excepting July 30 and August 3 
and 4, no water was drawn from this reservoir after May 27. 



Reservoir No. 2. 

Grades, H.W., 167.87; Tops of Flash-boards, 167.12 and 166.49; Crest of Dam, 
165.87; Area, Water Surface, 134 acres ; Greatest depth, 17 ft. ; Contents be- 
low 167.87, 562,580,000 gals.; Below 167.12, 529,860,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, the water surface was at grade 
162.63, or 3.24 feet below the crest of the dam. On March 
6 the flash-boards were placed on the dam, and on March 7 
water began to waste over the flash-boards. Waste continued 
until May 29, from June 11 to 21 and from July 30 to 
August 9. 

On October 30 the flash-boards were removed from the 
dam. 

On December ] , one set of flash-boards was placed on the 
dam and removed on December 29. On December 16, 
water wasted over flash-boards and after flash-boards were 
removed from the dam wasted over dam up to January 1, 
1898. This reservoir has been drawn upon for the supply 
of the city practically the entire year. Water was run into 
reservoir from Reservoirs Nos. 4 and 6 during July ; from 
Reservoir No. 4 during September and October, and from 
Reservoirs Nos. 4 and 6 during a very few days in November 
and December. 



Reservoir No. 3. 

Grades, H.W., 176.74; Crest of Dam (no Flash-boards), 175.24. Area at 177.00, 

253 acres; Contents below 176.74, 1,203,180,000 gals. Area at 175.24, 248 

acres; Contents below 175.24, 1,081,500,000 gals. Greatest depth, 21ft. 

On January 1, 1897, the water surface of this reservoir 
was at grade 174.82 or 42 feet below the crest of the dam. 

On January 6 waste began and continued until January 
18, again on March 14 water wasted and continued to waste 
until August 11. 

From August 11, the water surface fell slowly, and on 
September 23 reached its lowest point, being at grade 168.80, 
or 6.44 feet below the crest of the dam. Filling since that 
date, the water surface on January 1, 1898, *was at grade 
174.78. 

Since July 13, excepting November 6 to 10, November 
12 to December 2 and from December 9 to 27, this reservoir 
was drawn upon for the supply of the city. 



Water Department. 151 

Reservoir No. Jf. 

Grades, R. W., 215.21 ; Tops of Flash-boards, 215.21+ and 214.89 ; Crest of Dam, 

214.21. Area, Water Surf 'ace, 167 acres ; Greatest depth, 49 feet; Contents 

below 215.21, 1,416,350,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, the water surface of this reservoir 
was at grade 195.11 or 19.12 feet below the crest of the dam, 
filling gradually, the flash-boards were placed on the dam on 
April 2. 

On April 10 waste began over the flash-boards and con- 
tinued until July 2. On July 13 the flash-boards were re- 
moved from the dam. The reservoir was drawn upon for 
the supply of the city on July 1, and on November 3 the 
water surface had fallen to grade 201.13 or 13.10 feet below 
the crest of the dam. Since that time the reservoir has been 
gradually filling, and on January 1, 1898, the water surface 
was at grade 210.08. 

Reservoir No. 5. 

This reservoir under construction by the City of Boston 
was taken by the Metropolitan Water Board on January 4, 

1897. 

Reservoir No. 6. 

Grades, H.W., 295.00; Top of Flash-boards, 295.00; Crest of Dam, 294.00. Area, 
185 acres ; Contents, 1,520,900,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, the water surface was at grade 266.41 
or 27.59 feet below the crest of the dam. The first set of 
flash-boards was placed on the dam on May 16, and the 
second set on May 19. On June 8, water began to waste 
over the flash-boards and continued until July 4. 

On December 15 the flash-boards were removed from this 
dam. 

On December 17 water began to waste over the crest of 
the dam, and continued during the remainder of the month. 

On January 1, 1898, the water surface was at grade 294.20. 

WJiitehall Pond. 

Elevation, H.W., 327. 91; Bottom of Gates, 317.78. Area at 327.91,601 acres; Con- 
tents between 327.91 and 317.78, 1,256,900,000 gals. H.W. of Temporary 
Dam, 329.91 ; Contents at 329.91, 1,654,800,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, the water surface of the pond was at 
grade 324.77 or 3.14 feet below old high water. Filling 
gradually, the water surf ace reached grade 328.76 on June 15, 
and remained above grade 328.00 until September 22. On 
January 1, 1898, the water surface was at grade 326.48. 



152 City Document No. 37. 

Water was drawn from this pond for the supply of the 
city, from February 2 to March 4, and from July 8 to 24. 

Preparations were made early in the season for a drought, 
should that contingency arise. A new dam at Whitehall 
pond was built, raising the water line 2 feet, and in Reser- 
voir No. 5, seized by the Metropolitan Water Board, 1,700,- 
000,000 gallons were stored as a reserve. This was rendered 
possible by the completion of the stripping contracts in the 
lower portions of the reservoir. The water was raised to 
within 16 feet of the top of the spillway without interfering 
with the completion of the remaining sections under contract. 



Farm Pond. 

Grades, H.W., 149.25 ; Low Water, 146.00. Area at 149.25, 159 acres ; Contents 
between 149.25 and 146.00, 167,520,000 gals. 

No water has been drawn from this pond for the supply of 
the city during the year 1897. On January 1, 1897, the 
surface of the pond was at grade 148.78 or .47 feet below 
high water mark ; rismg slowly, a grade 149.50 was reached on 
April 16. 

During May and June it remained at about this point and 
starting to fall very slowly in July was at grade 147.88 on 
October 24. On January 1, 1898, the water surface was at 
grade 148.75. The Framingham Water Company has drawn 
117,600,000 gallons from the pond during the year. 



Lake Oochituate. 

Gh-ades, H.W., 134.36 ; Invert Aqueduct, 121.03; Top of Aqueduct, 127.36. Area, 
Water Surface at 134.36, about 776 acres; Contents between 134.36 and 127.36 
1,515,180,000 gals.; Betiveen 134.36 and 125.00, 1,908,200,000 gals.; Approxi- 
mate Contents between 134.36 and 121.03, 2,447,000,000 gals. ; Betiveen 
134.36 and 117.03,2,907,000,000 gals. 

On January 1, 1897, the surface of the lake was at grade 
127.43 or 6.93 feet below high water mark; filling gradually, 
high water mark was reached on April 13. It remained at 
about this point until the latter part of June when the water 
surface fell, reaching its lowest point, grade 129.43, on 
November 1. 

Since that time the lake filled, and on January 1, 1898, it 
was at grade 130.87. The beds for filtering the water of 
Pegan brook have been in use almost continuously during 
the year and 249,965,000 gallons have been pumped upon 
them. No difficulty has been experienced in their operation 
during the winter season. Water has been drawn from the 
different reservoirs as follows : 



Boston Water Works. 

Diagram showing the hei^hfs of 5udbur_y River Reservoirs N°J I. 2. and 3. 
Farm Pond, and Cochifua+e and Mystic Lakes, during +he Year 1897. 




Boston Water Works. 

Diagram showing the heights of Sudbury River Reservoirs N« 4and 6 ., 
and the Rainfall on the Sudbury River Watershed during the Year 1897. 


Capacity 
Af/cuo* Sals. 




Jbnutary 


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April 


/7<sy 


■June 


v/«/y 


/tu^usr 1 - 


Sepfemier 


October. 


/Vorem6er. 


December. 




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Water Department. 



153 



From 



7 A.M. 

10 A.M. 

11 A.M. 
7 A.M. 
7 A.M. 
7 A.M. 

12 M. 
5 P.M. 
5 P.M. 
7 P.M. 
1 P.M. 

7 P.M. 

8 P.M. 
5 A.M. 
8 A.M. 
3 P.M. 

11 A.M. 
7 P.M. 
11 A.M. 
11 A.M. 
11 A.M. 

11 A.M. 

12 M. 
12 M. 



Jan. 
May 
July 
July 
July 
Aug;. 



Aug. 

Aug. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Oct. 

Oct. 

Nov. 

Nov. 

Nov. 

Dec. 

Dec. 

Dec. 

Dec. 



1 to 10 A.M. May 27 from Reservoirs Nos. 1, 2. 
27 " 11 A.M. July 13 from Reservoir No. 2. 

13 " 7 A.M. July 30 from Reservoirs Nos. 2, 3. 

30 " 7 A.M. July 31 from Reservoirs Nos. 1, 3. 

31 " 7 A.M. Aug. 3 from Reservoirs Nos. 2, 3. 

3 " 12 M. Aug. 4 from Reservoirs Nos. 1, 2. 

4 " 5 P.M. Aug. 29 from Reservoirs Nos. 2, 3. 

29 " 5 P.M. Aug. 30 No flow. 

30 " 7 P.M. Sept. 13 from Reservoirs Nos. 2, 3. 

13 " 1 P.M. Sept. 14 No flow. 

14 " 7 P.M. Sept. 19 from Reservoirs Nos. 2, 3. 

19 " 8 P.M. Sept. 20 No flow. 

20 " 5 A.M. Sept. 27 from Reservoirs Nos. 2, 3. 

27 " 8 A.M. Sept. 28 No flow. 

28 " 3 P.M. Oct. 24 from Reservoirs Nos. 2, 3. 
24 " 11 A.M. Oct. 26 from Reservoir No. 3. 

26 " 7 P.M. Nov. 6 from Reservoir's Nos. 2, 3. 
6 " 11 A.M.. Nov. 10 from Reservoir No. 2. 

10 " 11 A.M. Nov. 12 from Reservoirs Nos. 2, 3. 

12 " 11 A.M. Dec. 2 from Reservoir No. 2. 

2 " 11 A.M. Dec. 9 from Reservoirs Nos. 2, 3. 
9 " 12 M. Dec. 27 from Reservoir No. 2. 

27 "12 M. Dec. 28 No flow. 

28 " 7 A.M. Jan. 1 from Reservoirs Nos. 2, 3. 



The height of the water in the various storage reservoirs 
on the first day of each month is as follows : 





Reservoirs. 


Farm 
Pond. 


White- 
Hall 
Pond 


Lake 
Co- 




No.l. 


No. 2. 


No. 3. 


No. 4. 


No. 6. 


CHIT- 
UATE. 




Top of 
Flash- 
board. 


Top of 

Flash- 
boards. 


Crest 

of 
Dam. 


Top of 
Flash- 
boards. 


Top of 
Flash- 
boards. 


High 
Water. 


High 
Water. 


High 

Water. 




159.29 


167.12 


175.24 


215.21 


295.00 


149.25 


327.91 


134.36 


January 1, 1S97 


156.37 


162.63 


174.82 


195.11 


266.41 


148.78 


324.77 


127.43 


February 1, " 


156.13 


161.37 


173.31 


199.80 


271.59 


149.00 


325.45 


128.75 


March 1, " 


156.13 


162.50 


174.44 


204.19 


276.04 


149.21 


325.18 


129.26 


April 1, " .... 


157.94 


167.21 


175.29 


213.70 


287.63 


149.45 


326.88 


133.86 


May 1, " 


157.71 


167.66 


176.45 


215.38 


292.31 


149.40 


327.79 


134.27 


June 1, " 


159.53 


166.86 


176.56 


215.38 


294.83 


149.37 


328.35 


134.24 


Julyl, " .... 


159.41 


162.90 


176.76 


215.34 


295.09 


149.32 


328.73 


133.92 


August 1, " 


159.43 


167.77 


176.50 


209.04 


294.23 


149.14 


328.52 


133.16 


September 1, " 


148.25 


163.54 


172.82 


210.23 


294.89 


149.11 


328.65 


132.61 


October 1, " 


14S.02 


162.89 


169.12 


205.65 


294.77 


148.39 


327.53 


131.09 


November 1, " ... 


149.16 


162.70 


169.70 


200.97 


291.65 


148.33 


326.5S 


129.43 


December 1, " 


149.93 


163.42 


170.53 


203.94 


292.06 


147.84 


326.58 


129.86 


January 1, 1898.... 


157.28 


166.05 


174.7S 


210.08 


294.20 


148.75 


326.48 


130.87 



154 



City Document No. 37. 



Aqueducts and Distributing Reservoirs. 

The Sudbury-river aqueduct has been in use 355.25 days, 
and has delivered 15,442,562,400 gallons to Chestnut-Hill 
Reservoir and 948,000,000 gallons to Lake Cochituate. 

The Cochituate aqueduct has been used 361.5 days and 
delivered 5,738,703,800 gallons. Both aqueducts have been 
cleaned during the year, and all necessary repairs made. 

High-Service Pumping-Stations. 

The daily average quantity pumped at the Chestnut-Hill 
pumping station was 1.6 per cent, more than in 1896. 
Engine No. 1 was run 1,762 hours, 

50 minutes, pumping. 
Engine No. 2 was run 1,650 hours, 

pumping .... 
Engine No. 3 was run 6,478 hours, 

20 minutes, pumping 



Total amount pumped . 

Amount of coal used by Engines 

Nos. 1 and 2 . 
Amount of coal used by Engine 

No. 3 . . . " . 

Total amount of coal used 



Percentage of ashes and clinkers 
Quantity pumped per lb. of coal 

by Engines Nos. 1 and 2 . 
Quantity pumped per lb. of coal 

by Engine No. 3 
Average lift in feet, Engines Nos 

1 and 2 . 
Average lift in feet, Engine No. 3, 
Daily average amount pumped 

Table VII., on pages 174 and 175 show in detail the work 
done by the engines and boilers. 



657,146,425 gallons. 
625,815,950 
3,967,101,600 



5,246,063,975 

1,621,185 lbs. 
3,536,754 " 



5,157,939 « 
9.2 



791.4 gallons. 

1,121.7 

122.53 
122.67 
14,372,800 gallons. 



Cost of Pumping. 



Salaries . 
Fuel 



114,389 Q6 
6,961 33 



Carried forward 



121,350 99 



Watee Department. 155 

Brought forward $21,350 99 

Repairs 7,286 3T 

Oil, waste and packing . . . . . 877 95 

Small supplies ...... 389 94 



Total $29,905 25 

Cost per million gallons raised one foot high . $0.0465 

Cost per million gallons pumped to reservoir . $5,706 

At the West Roxbury pumping-station the daily average 
quantity pumped was 283,300 gallons, an increase of 11.9 
per cent, over the amount pumped in the previous year. At 
the East Boston pumping-station 447,200 gallons have been 
pumped for the supply of the high-service district, and 
61,800 gallons per day for the Breed's Island high service. 
Owing to the non-completion of the 36-inch high-service line 
through Roxbury, it has been necessary to maintain the pump- 
ing plant on Blue Hill avenue and Wayne street during the 
year, and to keep it in constant service. 

Mystic Lake. 

On January 1, 1897, the water surface was 1.66 feet below 
high water. Water wasted over the dam from January 5 to 
12, January 22 to 25, Febuary 7 to 10, February 13 to 19, 
February 23 to April 24, from April 28 to May 20, May 25 
to June 22, from June 25 to 26, and from June 30 to July 
3, inclusive, when waste stopped. 

The water surface which on July 3 was at grade 6.77 
gradually fell, reaching its lowest point — 0.90 on Novem- 
ber 2. 

Filling gradually since that date it reached grade 6.04 on 
December 19. Waste occurred over the stop-planks from 
December 16 to 24, and on December 27, 28 and 31. On 
January 1, 1898, the water surface was at grade 5.75. The 
fish-way was opened on April 10, and kept open until June 
25, when it was closed and remained so during the remainder 
of the year. 

Mystic Conduit and Reseevoir. 
The conduit was cleaned several times during the year. 

Mystic Pumping- Station. 

The daily average quantity pumped at the Mystic Station 
was 4.8 per cent, more than in 1896. 



156 



City Document No. 37. 



536,515,500 gals. 
320,785,788 « 
470,195,300 « 
3,244,729,020 " 



4,572,225,608 « 

3,769,676 lbs. 
3,651,427 " 



Engine No. 1 was run 2,392 hours, 50 

minutes, pumping .... 
Engine No. 2 was run 1,523 hours, 30 

minutes, pumping .... 
Engine No. 3 was run 1,391 hours, 

pumping ..... 

Engine No. 4 was run 7,321 hours, 30 

minutes, pumping .... 

Total amount pumped . 
Amount of coal used by Engines Nos. 

1, 2 and 3 

Amount of coal used by Engine No. 4, 

Total amount of coal used . 
Percentage of ashes and clinkers 
Quantity pumped per lb. of coal by 

Engines Nos. 1, 2 and 3 . 
Quantity pumped per lb. of coal by 

Engine No. 4 . 
Average lift in feet, Engines Nos. 1, 2 

and 3 ..... . 

Average lift in feet, Engine No. 4 
Daily average amount pumped 

Cost of Pumping 
Salaries 

Fuel .... 
Repairs. 

Oil, waste and packing . 
Small supplies 

Total . $27,989 96 

Cost per million gallons raised one foot high, 10.0412 

Cost per million gallons pumped to reservoir, $6,122 

Table VIIL, on pages 176 and 177, shows in detail the 
work done by the engines during the year. 

Consumption. 

The daily average consumption for the year was as 
follows : 

Sudburv and Cochituate Works . .- 57,867,300 gals. 
Mystic Works 12,518,900 « 



7,421,103 « 
11.4 

350.2 gals. 

888.6 « 

147.08 
149.24 

12,526,700 gals. 



$12,372 46 

11,242 51 

3,426 92 

726 89 

221 18 



Total for the combined supplies 



70,386,200 « 



Water Department. 



157 



an increase of 2,146,900 gallons, or 3.1 per cent, over that of 
the previous year. During the year, Charlestown has been 
supplied from the Mystic Works, excepting the periods 
between September 28 and December 1, when the supply 
was from the Cochituate Works. 

The following table shows the consumption per inhabitant 
for the past two years : 



Month. 



Cochituate. 



Consumption in 
Gallons per Capita, 



1896. 



1897. 



Mystic. 



Consumption in 
Gallons per Capita, 



1896. 



1897. 



Combined Supplies. 



Consumption in 
Gallons per Capita. 



1896. 1897. 



January 

February .. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September . 
October — 
November... 
December . . 

Average 



128.1 
134.8 
134.5 
118.3 
106.9 
113.2 
116.0 
112.9 
107.1 
106.4 
107.3 
118.6 



127.5 
123.2 
121.9 
117.1 
110.1 
112.3 
125.0 
123.9 
124.9 
114.2 
104.0 
111.4 



96.9 
102.5 
96.9 
87.3 
85.8 
88.4 
85.9 
85.4 
83.1 
78.8 
76.5 
90.6 



100.4 
101.3 
98.9 
94.1 
89.4 
82.2 
85.7 
80.3 
79.9 
81.3 
75.2 
82.7 



121.0 
127.4 
125.9 
111.3 
102.1 
107.2 
110.1 
107.9 
102.7 
100.1 
100.2 
112.1 



121.2 
118.2 
116.6 
111.7 
105.2 
105.4 
115.8 
113.7 
114.4 
108.1 
98.6 
104.7 



116.8 



117.8 



88.3 



87.8 



110.6 



111.1 



Corrosion oe Pipes by Electrolysis. 

A general and marked improvement has been observed 
during the past year, in the electrical conditions of the 
water-pipes throughout the city ; this result has been at- 
tained largely by reason of the work done by the Boston 
Elevated Railway Company, for the improvement of its re- 
turn circuits. While the danger districts in the city have 
been apparently reduced in number, yet sections still remain 
in which the conditions are far from satisfactory, and sys- 
tematic and frequent observations are necessary to guard 
against damage in the future. 

The electrical investigations have been carried on during 



158 . City Document No. 37. 

the year by Messrs. Stone & Webster; details of their 
work is given in the following report : 

Stone & Websteb, Electrical Experts and Engineers. 
4 Post Office square, Boston, March 7, 1898. 

William Jackson, Esq., 

City Engineer, Boston, Mass. : 

Dear Sir : At yonr request in the autumn of last year, 
1897, we continued our investigation of the electrical condi- 
tions of the water-pipes in the City of Boston and beg to 
report as follows : 

We first made an examination throughout the entire city 
to find whether there was any general improvement in condi- 
tions over the previous years, and also to find whether there 
were any places that needed special investigation. 

We found that the electrical conditions of the piping in 
nearly all sections of the city were such as to indicate less 
liability to corrosion from electrolysis than in the year 1896. 

We did not take as many readings in the general survey 
of the city as in former years, because we have found that 
there is in no case a serious danger district local to two or 
three hydrants. We therefore took only about 600 hydrant 
readings, while in 1896 we took about 1,000. The improve- 
ment in general conditions is shown by the small number of 
danger districts, and by the decrease in the percentage of 
positive readings, and by the decrease in the average size 
of the negative readings. This is shown approximately in 
the f ollowing table which is based upon readings taken in the 
same localities each year. The figures are not exact as some 
of the readings are unreliable, and were therefore not taken 
into account in making up the averages : 

1896. 1897. 

Per cent, of Positive readings ... 28 19 

Average size of Positive readings in volts, .009 .009 
Average size of Negative readings in volts, .023 .006 

Negative readings indicate safety to the pipes at the points 
at which the readings are taken, because they show that the 
current is flowing on to the pipes at these places. It is im- 
portant, however, to reduce the size of the negative readings 
as well as that of the positive, because high negative readings 
show that there is a strong tendency for the current to flow 
on to the pipes, and any current which flows on must pass 
through the joints to be taken off at other points. The size 



Water Department. 159 

of the readings must not, however, be considered as a very- 
accurate indication of the average conditions for the two years, 
because a change in the amount of moisture in the earth 
might make a very decided change in the size of the readings. 

One exception to the general improvement was found in 
the Dorchester district. Here the new power station on 
Freeport street was started by the West End Street Railway 
Company about a year ago, and in the neighborhood of the 
station we found many places where there were indications of 
current flowing off the service pipes sufficient, probably, to 
do them decided injury in the course of a few years. We 
had excavations made on Park and Freeport streets and 
found signs of corrosion in four out of six places examined, 
and in one of these places the pipe had been badly attacked. 
We think, therefore, that this district should be carefully 
watched so long as there are indications of general or large 
local flow of current from the pipes to the ground. In 
the part of Park street where the indications of danger were 
most decided there are no car tracks, but the feeder and 
return wires are laid under the street in a wooden conduit, 
the feeders being, we are told, encased in tubing, and the 
returns laid in a bed of cement. Between the outside of the 
wooden conduit, which was damp, and the service pipes, we 
found a difference of potential as high as .3 of a volt, a suf- 
ficient indication that a considerable current might be flowing 
between them. 

In addition to the general survey we have made a special 
investigation on the boundary lines of the city and find that 
there is a tendency for the current to flow between the piping 
system of Boston and those of the surrounding towns. In 
general the flow of current is from other piping systems to 
that of Boston, but four places were found where the current 
flowed first in one direction and then in the other, though 
apparently not in very large quantities. These four places 
were between Newton and Boston on Tremont street; 
between Brookline and Boston on Huntington avenue ; 
between Cambridge and Boston on Western avenue, and 
between Hyde Park and Boston on River street. The dan- 
ger around the boundary lines is, therefore, in most cases, to 
the pipes of surrounding towns, but as the current flowing 
into the Boston piping system must leave it again and must 
flow through the joints, there is a chance that electrolytic 
action may be produced. 

It is probable that the amount of current flowing in this 
way is not sufficient to do any serious damage, but we think 
that the matter should be examined into more carefully to 



160 City Document No. 37. 

make sure that this is the case. We had hoped to obtain 
more complete information on. the subject during the fall, and 
had prepared a special testing outfit for the work, but were 
able to use it only a few times owing to the setting in of the 
cold weather. 

It seems to us advisable to continue investigation along 
the boundaries more carefully in the spring, and to take 
measurements from time to time in the Dorchester district 
and certain other localities. 

The accompanying blue prints show the location of posi- 
tive readings of .005 volt or higher for 1896 and 1897. 

At your request we have secured the following detailed 
information regarding the work done by the Boston Elevated 
Railway Company to improve its return circuit : 

" The company has complete records of the electrical condi- 
tions in the different parts of its system and examinations 
and tests are made often enough to show any material 
changes that may occur. For each part of the track a dia- 
gram is prepared showing the difference of potential between 
the track and water-pipes and also the current that will flow 
when these two points are connected. 

" On many of these diagrams the resistances of the rail joints 
are also plotted. These diagrams are on uniform sheets, 
which are bound together so that the data for all parts of the 
system can be readily inspected at any time. 

" In the last three years a large amount of copper has been 
put in to increase the efficiency of the return circuit. This 
copper is in the form of 500,000 circular mil. cable. The 
following table shows the increase in the amount installed : 
"Return circuit copper in 1895 . . . 644,000 lbs. 
« « « « 1896 . . . 902,000 " 

« « « « 1897 . . . 1,370,000 " 

"This last amount is 4,680 lbs. per mile of track. 

" The efficiency of the rail bonds has been greatly increased, 
and all new track is now bonded with two No. 0000 copper 
bonds. 

" A large amount of reconstruction has been done, and in all 
this work modern methods of bonding have been employed." 
Very truly yours, 
(Signed) Stone & Webstee. 

Distribution. 

On the Cochituate Works 26.6 miles of pipe were laid and 
7.5 miles were abandoned, making a net increase of 19.1 
miles and a total length of 627.1 miles. 



Water Department. 161 

A statement of the larger sizes of mains laid during the 
past year is as follows : 

In Fisher avenue, Brookline, between Boylston street and 
Fisher-Hill Reservoir, a 42-inch pipe was laid for a distance 
of 1,108 feet, giving a second line where the high-service 
supply for the city has been dependent upon a single 30-inch 
pipe ; the Dorchester high service has been advanced by 
laying 5,100 linear feet of 36-inch pipe in Columbus avenue. 
Walnut park and Georgia street, and 1,506 linear feet in Blue 
Hill avenue, Geneva avenue and Bowdoin street, making the 
36-inch line continuous as far as Grove Hall, with the excep- 
tion of a short gap at the crossing of Stony brook which 
can be filled up early in the coming season. Owing to the 
fact that Congress street is about to be raised over the 
tracks of the N. E. R.R., it was necessary to lay 1,520 linear 
feet of 30-inch and 24-inch pipe in Dauby and C streets, 
abandoning at the same time 1,464 linear feet of 30-inch and 
24-inch pipe in D and Congress streets, the latter work being 
done by contract; in South street and the roadway of Arnold 
arboretum, 1,500 linear feet of 24-inch pipe was laid (about 
840 feet of it by contract) forming part of the West Rox- 
bury high service. The 24-inch low service in Dorchester 
was extended, by laying a 20-inch main in Adams street for a 
distance of 5,474 feet, making a needed improvement hi the 
service at Neponset and Milton Lower Mills. For better fire 
protection a 20-inch pipe was laid in Canton street, from 
Albany to Tremont street, a distance of 2,554 feet, connecting 
with the large supply mains in the latter street. In East 
Boston, 1,500 linear feet of 20-inch pipe was laid in Border 
street, from Maverick street to Central square in extension of 
the 20-inch line laid last season. 

An unusually large amount of relaying has been done 
during the year ; among the important pieces of work of this 
class are the following : Washington street, Kneeland street 
to Dover street relaid with 16-inch ; State street, Washing- 
ton street to Commercial street, relaid with 16-inch ; Maverick 
street, New street to Chelsea street, relaid with 16-inch; 
Boylston street, Tremont street to Park square, relaid with 
12-inch; Tremont street, Boylston street to Warrenton street, 
rekid with 12-inch. 

The necessity for relaying must become more urgent each 
successive year. Up to 1853 about 73i miles of water-pipes, 
less than twelve inches in diameter, had been laid in the 
streets of the city, and during the succeeding twenty years 163 
additional miles of these smaller pipes were laid ; a large part 
of this pipe is still in service, dangerously weak in places, 



162 City Document No. 37. 

and everywhere badly tuberculated and rilled up ; two pieces 
of pipe have been recently taken out while relaying, in which 
the sound iron remaining represented in one case but 51 per 
cent, and in the other but 59 per cent, of the original 
section, the unsound parts being soft enough to be readily 
cut with a knife and extending in places almost through 
the pipe; the destruction of the iron in these two cases 
was not caused by the action of electricity generated for 
street railway purposes, electric lighting, etc., but was due 
to the soil in which the pipe was laid. In relaying the 
older pipes opportunity is taken in almost every case to 
increase the sizes, largely for the purpose of affording 
better fire protection. How important this action is, can 
be fully realized when it is remembered that the "hand 
tubs" of 1850 have given place to the modern steam fire- 
engines, some of which, now in commission in Boston, have 
a capacity of 1,350 gallons per minute. 

On the Mystic Works the distributing mains have been 
extended 3.2 miles, and 4.9 miles have been relaid ; the total 
length now connected with the system is 187.2 miles. 

There has been an increase of 178 in the number of 
hydrants connected with the Cochituate Works, making a 
total number of 6,842. 

On the Mystic Works 78 hydrants have been added, and 
the total number in service is 1,718. 

During the year all main-pipe and other castings have been 
carefully inspected at the foundries; plans have been made 
for all pipe laid and lines and grades given when required; 
217 petitions for main pipe have been reported upon and 
68 contracts for rock excavation have been made. The large 
number of patterns of special castings, valves, hydrants, 
etc., have been marked with brass numbers, catalogued and 
systematically arranged in a storeroom. Various studies 
have been made, and a large amount of general routine work 
has been done. 

Appended to this report will be found the usual tables of 
rainfall, consumption, etc., for the past year, and in addition, 
tables are given of the rainfall, rainfall collected, and per- 
centage collected on the Cochituate water-shed since 1863, 
on the Sudbury-river water-shed since 1875, and on the 
Mystic water-shed since 1878. These will be found valuable 
for future reference. 

Yours respectfully, 

William Jackson, 

City Engineer. 



Water Department. 



163 



GENERAL STATISTICS. 



SUDBTTKT AND COCHITUATE WORKS. 



Daily average consumption in gallons, 

Daily average consumption in gallons 
per inhabitant 

Daily average amount used through 
meters, gallons 

Percentage of total consumption 
metered 

Number of services , 

Number of meters and motors 

Length of supply and distributing 
mains, in miles 

Number of fire-hydrants in use 

Yearly revenue from water-rates 

Yearly revenue from metered water. . . 

Percentage of total revenue from 
metered water 

Cost of works on February 1 

Yearly expense of maintenance 

Mystic Works. 

Daily average consumption in gallons, 

Daily average consumption in gallons 
per inhabitant 

Daily average amount used through 
meters, gallons 

Percentage of total consumption 
metered 

Number of services 

Number of meters and motors 

Length of supply and distributing 
mains, in miles 

Number of fire-hydrants in use 

Yearly revenue from water-rates 

Yearly revenue from metered water . . . 

Percentage of total revenue from 
metered water 

Cost of works on February 1 

Yearly expense of maintenance 



1894. 



46,560,000 

99.8 

11,170,400 

24.0 
68,556 

4,877 

572.8 
6,217 

$1,657,701 23 
$672,474 17 

40.5 

$23,583,967 89 

$440,840 63 

10,282,100 

87.6 

2,014,000 

19.6 

23,257 

515 

173.7 

1,446 

$453,627 50 

$115,811 32 

25.6 

1 $1,676,471 94 

$156,214 05 



1895. 



50,801,100 

104.3 

12,084,500 

23.8 

70,879 

4,910 

595.9 

6,458 

$1,741,049 05 

$711,467 39 

40.9 

$25,052,227 53 

$420,907 09 

9,467,000 
83.3 

2,105,800 

22.2 

24,120 

525 

178.6 
1,543 

$471,188 47 
$121,436 10 

25.8 

$1,803,775 29 

$189,194 61 



1896. 



56,288,200 

116.85 

13,125,700 

23.3 
73,230 
4,788 

619.9 

6,711 

$1,991,136 93 

$775,354 91 

38.0 

! $24,608,500 60 

3 $617,566 53 

11,951,100 

88.26 

2,144,300 

17.9 

24,870 

536 

184.0 
1,639 

$501,755 05 
$122,050 66 

24.3 

$1,806,316 72 



1897. 



57,867,300 

117.8 

13,459,300 

23.3 

75,685 
5,061 

627.1 

6,842 

$2,082,536 98 

$795,910 07 

38.2 

*$25,025,436 42 

3 $623,476 51 

12,518,900 

87.8 

2,264,200 

18.1 

25,776 
522 

187.2 
1,718 

$521,262 68 
$127,439 76 

24.5 
$1,806,316 72 



1 $52,637.00 credited on account of sale of portion of Mystic sewer. 

2 $1,118,975.74 credited by amount paid by State. 

3 Mystic department combined with Cochituate. 

4 $1,154,766.84 credited by amount paid by State. 



i 



164 



City Document No. 37. 



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1 


tr- 





oc 


t- 


-1- 


£ 


e 


o 


T-^ 


8 
CS 


es 


CC 


T- 


o- 


ee 


cc 


a 


t- 


oc 


cc 


ir 


IT 


CD 






























< ^S 






























w 






























< 

fcH 
































ic 


CC 


t- 


a 


C 


c 




ec 


K 


-t 


IC 


CC 


t- 




t- 


t- 


t- 


t- 


l- 


CC 


oc 


oc 


ce 




cc 


IC 


00 








OC 


■X 


oc 


CC 


oc 


oc 


oc 


cc 


cc 


X. 


cc 


0C 


cc 





170 



City Document No. 37. 



P3 • a 

►J ^ ""' 

~ 05 r-T 

i£ Co g 

so O O 






^ -H 



M 


<o 


Os oS 








fti 






3 


w a 


03 


"3 


^ s 








< 


CQ 


*. n 


b- 


a 









£5 




^ 


s ^ 




>w 


•<s> ^ 




93 






so 
V. 

CO 


§ II 




So 


&H > 




•« 


^ a 


















"S a 




h* 


» rrf 



^ 



6q 



CD 






























1 


p. 


r~ -* 


ce 


•+ 


IC 


N 


e 


CO 


CO 


O 


1— 


c- 




cc 




t- 


cc 


■cc 





a<w"t, 





C 


CC 


e 


IC 


CT 


If 


c 


t- 


0. 


10 


CD n CD 


<c 


IC 


IC 


IC 


ec 


«* 


t 


-r 


-* 


•"f 


2 ' 3: 3 

























1 *§ 


0, 






















j-l-d 




er 


cc 


CO <M 


ce 


-"»■ 


CN 


CC 


CC 


IC 


"3 2 

a cd 


CO 


t 


iO CO »- 


IC 




cc 


CT 


IC 




«5 


IC 


O CO cc 
CO CD t- 


ce 


t" 


ce 


T- 

•<* 


T- 


00 






cc 


(N <N 


CM 


y- 


c" 


I- 


<N 


<M 


<N 


"JaS 


.£ 






















ft! ° 


N 


























1C 










IC 


c 










«o 


cc 


IO < 


es 


CC 


e< 


-t 


Cd 


cc 


OS 


c3 

a 


V 




cr 


ir 


oc 


c 


t- 


a 








I- 


c 


CO o- 




oc 


cr 


CC 


cc 


s 




3 


IC 


Tt 


IO Tt 


5 


>* 


V 


IC 


-* 


'c3 






















<H 




e 


c 


c 


CC 


cc 


cc 


c: 


CC 





O 






c 





cc 


CC 


c: 




cc 





CD Id 


g 


cr 






IC 


cc 


oc 


00 c 




00 


Daily 
averag 
mount 

Flow 
n Rive 




00" >r 


CO* cc 


r-~ c-5 


t-" 00 





Ti 


co >o cc 


IO cc 


CT 


K 


cc 


CM 


e 


1^ tp tc 


oc 

CC 


t^ 

CO t- 





CC 

cc 


cc 
cc 


10 


to 


c< 


CT 


c- 


10 t- 


IC 


cc 


fr- 


t^ 


<] - 




























e 


c 


cc 


CC 


c 


cc 





1: 







cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 


ee 


CD 




c 


c 


( 


CC 


c 


cc 


O c. 



























Total 
mount 

Flow 
n Rlvei 




c 






cc 


c 


CC 


CC 


CC 


<o 




c 


<r. 




cc 


cc 


CO cc 


CD 





B 


c 


CN 





CD CC 


CO_ c 


CN 


CD 








c 


IC 


CO oc 


1^" I- 


oc 


co" 


6 




P- c 


CC 


cc 


tc 


-* 




c^ 





to 


t^ C 


c 


10 


r-\ c : 


CN 






















< " 




cc 


t-^ lij cc 




oc 


y-t r- 


t~ 




■w 


CO OT CC 


c" 


es 


CN 


CO CN 


<N 










00c 


c 






cc 














cc 


ccs 


c 






c 














O <■: 


cc 


cc 






<= 






































C 




00c 


O c- 






cc 








to 




00c 


c 


cc 






c 








CO 







00 -^ 


oc 


t> < 






IT 






























' 






O 






ts 1 


t- CT 






c< 








(-1 


e 






>o c 


IO oc 






c- 








to 
















' 




H 






















CN 






4 




























■a) 




















































O 
H 






c 












c 


c: 




CD 






cc 












c 













c 












c 


c 




CD 


tB 


_d 


cc 

s 




c 
e 
u 












c 
c 
cc 


c 

C" 








CO 




'3 




c 














t- 




00~ 




O 


8 


c 












c 


V 




CO 




« 












c 






CO 


























TiT 


«H S 




g 


c 


cc 


c 


cc 


cc 


c 


c 


c 







c 


c 


cc 


cc 


cc 


<= 


cc 


c 





o, 2 . 




c 


c 


c 


cc 


cc 


c 


c 


cc 


c 


CO 


co 

£ 






















c 


c 


cc 





cc 


c 


c 


(= 


cc 


t-^ 


al^S 

3 cS s > 


c 


cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 


CC 


c 


<rc 


c 


CO 





l£ 


t 


T- 


cc 


c 


IC 


c 


cc 


cc 


e» 


£3 


c 


cc 


I- 


<r 


0- 


IC 


>r 


IC 


cc 


ICO 




8 

C3 


•t 


it 


cc 


CT 


<d 


c= 






c 


CN 


c 


ir 


cc 


t- 




Ti- 


p 


IC 


IC 


co_ 


c- 




oc 


oc 




t- 


cc 


IT 


IC 


co" 




c^- 


£■ 


CN 


ON 


r- 
















c: 


e 


c: 


cc 


cc 


er 


cc 


c 


cc 







c 


c 


cc 


CC 


cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 





ots =* 


03 
S 


c 


c 






c 


cc 


c 


cc 


c 


°» 


« <uJ30 


c 


<= 


cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 


c 


cc 


ccT 


E 3 M^ 

§sa* 
3 la* 


c 


c 







cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 








ir 


IC 


ir 


IC 


oc 


cc 


c 


Oj 


CC 


CD 






CT 


t 


cc 


CN 


cc 


tr- 


CN 


a- 




8 

to 


cc 


ie 


t> 


oc 


CC 


cc 




0- 


c^ 




>fe 
























of Water 
ted to 
chituate 
itnut Hill 
rvoir. 




c 


<c 


c 


cc 


cc 


CC 


ee 


<= 


cc 


CD 




c 


cc 


cc 


c 







cc 


cc 


CC 







c 


cc 


c 




cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 





























c 


cc 


CC 


cc 


cc 


cc 


CC 


cc 


cc 


CN 




c 


CC 


cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 


CC 


cc 




CO 


s 




t- 


C" 


cc 


cc 


>r 


CT 


cc 


c 


cc 


10 


-t 


c 


CC 


cc 


IC 


t- 


CN 


IC 


CN 


ccT 


<N 


cc 


CT 


a 


or 


cc 




c 


cr 




+S lH O «" <0 




S 


V 


u" 


oc 


IT 


t- 


5 


a 


X 


CO 


5 s> -a cd 


8 

to 


I- 


cc 


cc 


cc 


cc 


rH 


CM 


CC 


Tl- 


CO 


a ea-d 

3 J S 














































w 
























«4 
























H 




cc 


CT 


cc 


T— 


CM 


CO 


-+ 


IO 


CD 


C- 






0: 


cc 


a- 


cr 


c- 


CI 




cr- 


a- 


o» 




r> 




oc 






cc 


cc 


00 


oc 


oc 


oc 


00 





Water Department. 



171 



CO CO 

<^ 

B § 

S 1 

■» if 

S ^ 



^ 
^ 





fH 


^ 




co 


















B 






g 


k G 




HO 




> 


S 
S 


.„ 




© 


K 




g« 


f? 


UJ 


^ 


"0 


J 


•-. 


o 


02 


* 


1*1 


< 


B 


00 


H 


O 


M 



«s 



B 


IS 


5» 


M 


fB 


> 




■c-O 


«' 


B 


HO 
B 


Ph 


b 


"fc 



"te 9 





®— . 






































t; 
















<* 


CO 


CO 


tH 


I- 


Tt! 


CO 




<» 


ce 


cNt 


00 


o 


IS 


lO 


■* 


00 


-t< 


<* 


t- 




CO 


If) 




B.H O 
CJ 03 a) 

®=H§ 


CO 


co 
t! 


E 


■4 


00 


id 

CO 


41 


00 

CO 


en 

CM 


1Q 


CO 
CO 


cn 


Tt< 


-CM 
if) 


CO 
IO 




Ph o 


































.5 ca 

e3C-j 

K o 




co 


so 


CJ 


<* 




t-i 


lO 


CM 


00 


lO 


lO 


t- 


CM 


00 






o 


o 


00 


en 
cc 




CO 

cc 


o 

lO 


CO 

en 


H 

o 


lO 


cc 


CM 




Tj! 

If) 




N 


c 


c< 


CN 












CM 




CN 


CM 


CC 


CM 






































"3 


to 






1^ 








\a 












to 


If) 




cc 


co 


a 


o 


o 


CN1 




CO 


cs 


CT) 


o 


CC 


CM 




OS 







rfS 




c 


O 


CO 


■* 


5 




CM 




uo 


in 


TjH 




CO 




CO 

5 


r-- co 


^ 


ic: 


^+ 


w 


CT 




3 


■* 


IC 


CO 


cc 


o 




'3 


■* 


«* 


to 


cc 


OC 


>* 


co 


cr. 


Tf 


■* 


T)< 


IC 


id 




Average 
unt of 
fall col- 
in Lake. 








c 


cr 




cc 


cc 


cc 


CO 


ec 


o 


o 


CO 


o 








c 


o 


cc 


c: 


cc 


cc 


cc 




CO 


o 


o 


CO 


to 




CO 

g 


^ 


a 


e* 


o 
c 


cc 
t 




OC 


CO 
CJ 


cc 

CT 


en 


CO 
CO 


cc 

CO 


cc 

CT 


CTS; 
O 










OC 




CT 


cc 


cs 


-t 


1X0 


00 


t- 


CO 


o 




o 


cc 


6 


c 


cc 




cr 


CT 


o 


UO 


TT 


o 

OC 


cr 
CC 


CT 


CO 
CM 




Daily 

amo 

Rain: 

lected 


e 


CN 


tN 


cc 


CN 


r- 


cs 


T- 


T~ 


CM 


CI 


CM 


CM 


CO 


CO 




a 
































fir- a 




rz 


O 


a 


a 


cc 


a 


c: 


cc 


CC 


CO 


© 


CO 


CO 


o 






co 


o 


c 


cc 


cc 


c 


cc 


cc 


cc 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CO 


o 




3«- 




C 


o~ 


c 


cc 


c- 


CT 


t- 




X 


cr 


Tt 


ir; 


CN 


CO 




Amo 
ainf 
cted 
ake. 


s 


c^ 


K 


0C 


cc 


cc 


CT 


t 


t-^ 


<~ 




CO 


t 






s 


ac 


ec 


•+ 


IC 


t- CC 


CO 


cc 


er. 


'CO 






CNI 




o 


cm ■>* 
t-^ co 


c 
c 


a 


I- 


CC^ IC 

r-T CC 


cc 


H 
-t 


CT 
-t 


OC 

t- 




cr 


CO^ 

en" 




~K «H? 


8 


CC 


c 






cc 


CN 


CO IT 


o 


CT 




ir 


cr 


en 




if 


cr 


c 


5 




•T. C 


c 


■B 




tc 


cr 


K 


CO 




*"HO 


C 


C 


Ci 


t- i 


00 t— "■ 


CO 


cc 


Tt 






c o 5 






r- 


t- 




















1— 






H 








































e 


O 


c 


§ 


cc 






c 




CO 


CO 


c 


c 














co 


c: 


c 


§ 






c 




CC 


ec 


CO 


CO 














c 


■« 


c 


cc 






cc 




CC 




c 


ec 












c2 


c^ 




c 


cc 


c 






o- 




C 


CO 


CO 


c 










m 




OC 


a- 


c 


cc 


cc 






b- 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CO 












© 


lO e 


c 


cc 


lO 




ir 




e> 


Tt 


CO 


cc 










o 




o 


cc 


u 


CO* CO 






cr 


OC 




CD 








k^ 


e 

tt 


CO i 


«N 


c 


rH 




r)< 


CO C 


s 








H 










CM r-l 




CO 
















C> 






































« 






































































o 
















c 


CC 




cc 










o 


















cc 


<= 




c 










o 


















c 


C 




ec 










o_ 




EC 




to 

a 












c 






c 










o 






a 












c 


C 




c 










to 






o 












0- 


C 




cc 










cc^ 






"3 
















IC 




CO 










cnT 






03 


e 

tt 














"" 




ac 














"3 . 




c 


c 


c 


o 


C 


cc 


e 


cc 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CO 


o 




ill 




c 


c; 


^ 


<= 


c 


c 


cc 


cc 


c 


c 


CO 


CO 


CC 


to 






t- 


l£ 


cc 


a 


CN 


c 


c 


CC 


cr 


IT 


cr 


CC 




1C0^ 




s 


T 


cr 








cc 


OC 


CC 


0- 


e 


oc 


cr 


cr 


t^~ 






e 


"d 


c 


CC 


c 


CC 


cc 


cc 


cc 


If 




C 


CO 




© 


t- 


c* 


IT 


CC 


t- 


0" 


cc 


b- 


c 


cr 


CN 


c" 


IC 


t-^ 






a- 


c 


cr- 


IC 


oc 


rt 




1 


Tt 


OC 


cr 


Tt 


-t 


en 




e 


cc 


IC 






IT 


w 


T 


c 


I- 


IT 


Tf 




cr 


t^ 




tt 


cr 


CN 




CC 




1T 


Tt 


c 


it 


ir 


c- 


Tt 


cr 


CO 




5Sn 




CC 


I- 


oc 


■e 


Cv 


1£ 


T 


CN 


cc 


ie 


t- 


c- 




CO 




































a . 




c 


C 




cc 


c 


c 


C 


CO 


ec 


CO 


co 


cc 


CO 


o 




flflrl 




c 


c 


c 


cc 


cc 


c 


<= 


c 


cc 


CO 


c 


ec 


CO 


o 






cc 


ac 


T 


C- 


t- 


CT 


t- 


CN 


CO 


cr 


IC 


if 


r- 


CO 




to 


































-t 


e 


cr 


ir 


c 


cc 


«d 




cr 


t- 


t- 




en 






c 


if 


c 


T 


c 




CT 




cc 




Tt 


ir 


CN 


CO 




co 




IT 


Tf 


0C 


r- 


it 


a 


li- 


t- 


e 


c 


Cv 


r- 


IO 




S+2 o 




































c 


CT 


t- 


cc 


C 


ir 


cc 




C7 


CT 


O- 


Tt 


If 


t— 






cr 


CC 


cc 


g 


C 






te 


CC 


c- 


cc 


IT 


C 


o 




tt 


CN 


C 


e 


-t 


CC 


cr 


ie 


cc 


Tt 


cc 


cr 


CT 


C 


o 




































cr 


c - 


cr 


c<- 


er 


e- 


cs 


Ov 


CN 


CN 


<N 


c 


er 


CO 




































« 


































5 


































H 


































H 






































« 


t- 


OC 


CT 


c 


i- 


c- 


»■ 


Tt 


IT 


cc 


t- 


cc 


en 








t- 


t- 


t- 




cr 


a 


cr 


OC 


cr 


cr 


cc 


OC 


cr 


00 










oc 


a 


cr 


a 


cr 


a 


cr 


OC 


cr 


cr 


cr 


OC 


OC 


cc 





172 



City Document No. 37. 



^ 



.5 


s> 


M 


Ci 


K 


tfct 




■^ 


^ 


>s 


HO 




ff 




53 


en 




H 


1 


^ 


.„ 


•w 


ts 


w 






^ *> 



9 



^ 



§ 



03 -< 


HO 




















B.2o 

03 03 01 


fi 


IB tH 




t- eo oc 


10 t- 1 


r- 


^ 


CNOO-HCOCOCTSCi 


<S 


OCOTjI'^COCO-tfCO 


Ph ° 


&i 


















oj 03 




*t<OG0C73O.-llf3-^ 


03 


O CC 03 CC 


Ti< 03 ira co 


S O 

Pn 


O 


CD 00 IC C 




»H. 



























































"3 


09 


US 

t- p ih e 


•# CO 10 


.S 




CO Tf 


rH Cs 


CN 


t- O CO 


"5 


CT 


t- 03 Tt 


CTJ 00 C73 ■*** 


'cj 

M 


•* -tf 


CO •* 


co n< co ■* 


Average 
unt of 
fall col- 
in Lake. 




e 


cc 


O CC 


0000 






c 


O CC 


O O CD O 


a 


co cc 


O CM 


IO CO (M CD 
CT? CO .H CO 


CM 


c 


C3 cr 


CSI c\ 


lO CD 





CO CC 

CO CC 


CO r- 
O IT 


TJ^ CT^ C3 in3_ 
» cf * H 


Daily 

amo 

Rain 

lected 


8 


CO CO CN CN 


i-l CN CM <M 






































+3 

a — .2 




c 


cc 


O CC 


c 


000 




co 





O CC 


c 


CO O CO 




n- 


CT 


-** 


t- 


CC 


10^ O CO 


Amo 
ainla 
cted : 
ake. 


c% 


c 


f- 


oT 1— 


cr 


T* CN 


00" 






CC 


t- t- c. 


■** ^-1 


O 


£ 


If 


CT 


CN 


* OC^ rH^ CO 




CI 


t- c 


IS 


CC 


b- CN 


CD 


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8 




IT 


CO CT 




CO CO CO 


Gs 




« 


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c 


C 


t- c 


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06 c. 









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H 




























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CC 
















c 


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c 


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c 


c 




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c 



































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hi 


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cr 


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es 

































c 






c 







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c 















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CC 






c 


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t- 






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c 


c 





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c 


CC 


CC 


CC 


CC 


c 


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2=33 


<£ 


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t- 


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c 


cc 


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t- 




c 


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c 




1 




cr 


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a 


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8 


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c 


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c 




cc 


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c 


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c 


c 


c 





o^S* 




c 


CC 


CC 


c 


c 


CC 


c 


CD 




K 


IT 


c 


CN 


r- 


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CC 


I-H 


■Si «* 


CO 

s 


















-t 


I- 


CC 


cv 


IC 


a 


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CC 


T 


c 




c 


CO 





©. 


oc 


t- 




oc 


a 


l- 


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CN 


CC 






CC 


e- 


t- 


CO 






CC 




5 


a 


a 


r- 


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tt> 


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0; 


a 


a 


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c: 


10 




CC 


c 


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rt 


c 


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H 
























c 


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rt 


If 


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c 


c 








c 


a 


c 


03 








a 


oc 


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CC 


oc 


oc 


cr 


oc 





Water Department. 



173 



< m 



s P3 



£ 

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cs •» 

^f so 



^ 



•80TAI9S qSlH 


8 


233.8 
231.8 
233.1 
232.0 
233.0 
231.9 
232.5 
232.2 
230.0 
229.6 
231.3 


a- 

5 

e 




l 


239.9 
239.9 
239.8 
' 240.0 
240.0 
240.1 
239.7 
239.6 
239.5 
240.2 
240.2 


3 CO 
1 04 


■90TA.18S q£iH 

•iaisaqjJOQ 

'}99J1S 
PJCBAIBH 

'SX -OM 
asnoq gatgng 




202.8 
205.6 
206.2 
205.1 
199.1 
199.4 
191.7 
192.8 
187.1 
186.6 
193.7 


1 CO 

3 CO 

3 CO 


1 


229.8 
231.7 
233.8 
235.6 
233.7 
232.4 
230.2 
228.4 
227.0 
227.7 
228.2 


3 CO 

3 O 
* CO 
J 04 


•J09I3S 

Autiqiy 0Xi 


1 


95.4 
96.6 
98.0 
99.6 
100.8 
99.8 
97.0 
97.4 
97.1 
96.4 
97.3 


3 CO 

3 1— 

3 03 


8 

1 


112.5 
113.9 
115.2 

117.4 
118.3 
117.7 
117.4 
117.0 
117.1 
116.7 
117.4 


3 ■* 
3 CO 
H rH 


•^iddns oiaeAjVE 

•TUA01S9IJBq3 

XIIH J9J[una 

'28 "ONT 

9snoq-ani3ag; 


si 

1 


111.8 
111.5 
112.4 
113.1 
113.0 
115.2 
113.9 
111.5 
120.4 
81.9 
84.8 


I 




1 


123.7 
125.8 
127.2 
130.0 
131.1 
133.7 
133.8 
134.5 
140.8 
113.8 
113.5 


3 




•J9?saqoo;o(j 

'^99J5S J9ATJJ 

'9X - OM ' 
esnoqaai^ag; 


8 


92.3 
94.2 
95.3 
96.9 
98.2 
92.8 
96.5 
93.7 
93.4 
92.3 
95.1 


3 ■* 

3 w3 


1 


110.7 
112.7 
114.0 
116.5 
117.3 
115.8 
116.8 
116.2 
116.2 
115.6 
116.4 


3 CO 
1 1C3 

* i— l 


•aoisog !)SBa 

'6 'ON 
gsnoq-guiSaa 


8 
5 


80.8 
81.6 
84.9 
87.5 
86.0 
83.6 
83.2 
81.9 
82.0 
78.6 
80.5 


3 04 

3 CD 


H 

1 


105.9 
108.2 
111.7 
114.7 
115.4 
114.3 
112.8 
112.7 
112.7 
112.9 
113.1 


3 7-\ 
3. Ol 


■uoisog -og 
'J99US q^inoji 

'2 'OK 
esnoq-amSug; 


"5 


89.2 
91.1 
92.5 
94.0 
95.6 
94.9 
92.2 
91.3 
92.1 
91.2 
92.9 


j co 

3 03 


8 

1 


108.6 
111.9 
114.7 
115.4 
115.5 
115.4 
115.7 
115.1 
115.5 
116.2 
115.9 


3 m 
1 i-t 


•nojsog # os 

'49W18 

ss^jSaoQ 

'88 'ON 

9BTioq-9ui3aa 


8 

1 


92.2 
94.2 
95.3 
96.7 
97.6 
97.5 
97.0 
95.0 
95.6 
94.2 
95.4 


3 IO 

3 03 


8 

1 


109.4 
112.2 
114.2 
115.6 
116.3 
115.6 
115.6 
115.6 
115.6 
115.6 
115.1 


) SO 


•^99HS ISBg 

9snoq-9ui5ua; 


8 
1 


90.5 
92.4 
94.4 
96.1 
97.0 
96.3 
93.7 
94.3 
92.9 
93.5 
94.5 


1 CO 

3 -* 

3 03 


8 
1 


108.8 
112.1 
113.3 
115.8 
117.0 
116.7 
115.0 
115.1 
115.2 
115.3 
115.6 


< CO 
3 -* 
I rH 


•?99H9 ragi'Bg 

'8 -OK 
asnoqaniSug; 


8 

Si 


90.0 
92.4 
95.2 
96.5 
97.2 
97.2 
94.9 
93.9 
91.9 
88.7 
91.6 


> IO 
3 CO 

: 03 


8* 
1 


a 

c 


c 


113.0 
114.7 

116.6 
116.3 
114.5 
114.1 
114.2 
114.5 
114.9 
ill fi 


J 33 
CO 
tH 


•norainoo 
uo^sog 


8 


a 


— 

a 


bi <o e 

io t— c 

as cts c 


98.9 
93.5 
96.3 
92.9 
93.5 
94.8 


CO 

m 

03 


8 


c 


CI" 


c 


117.3 
118.7 
118.4 
117.1 
116.6 
116.7 
116.6 

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1C 

If 


i— 1 
CO 


fi 

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T-l 


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8 

1 


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5 

p 
p 

cj 


> 

i 


1 


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a 

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a 

a 


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c 
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a 

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a 

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174 



City Document No. 37. 





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c: 


c 


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cc 


cc 

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c 


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co a 


cc 


IO 


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■kit a9«J9Ay 


r"" 


o 


c<- 


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o 




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para soqs^ jo 'juao ie<i 


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P 


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Water Department. 



175 

















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01 


CM 


CM 




















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-a 


fl"§ 


q"g 


a 




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1 

c3 












ci p 






cj 

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co__ 
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r-T 


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CO 


t- Ci CO t- 
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00 OS 


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10 

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176 



City Document No. 37. 



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Water Department. 



177 





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178 



City Document No. 37. 



TABLE IX. 

Statement of Operations at the East Boston Pumping Station for the 

Year 1S97. 





Engines Nos. 1 and 2. 


Engine No. 3. 


03 

o 

O 
■H 

O 

1* 

s| 

■3 a 
•go 
Eh 


m 
ft 

GQ 


1897. 


a 
"ft 
S 
P 

o *> 
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US 

P 

O tn 

03 <D > 

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eo S <x> 


to 

U 

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s> 
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A 


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| 

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•gftii 

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CD 

M 

03 

s 

03 

J? 

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p 


<h2 

O <u 

p.— 

CD O 

SJ P 


Month. 


Hrs. 


M. 


Gallons. 


Gallons. 


firs. 


M. 


Gallons. 


Gallons. 


Lbs. 


Per 

cent. 


January... 
February.. 

June 

August — 
September, 
October.... 
November, 
December, 


394 
341 
328 
304 
300 
288 
313 
299 
293 
321 
284 
324 


30 
45 
45 
00 
00 
15 
30 
45 
15 
15 
00 
45 


17,596,200 
15,289,100 
14,373,800 
13,392,400 
13,017,600 
12,564,300 
13,415,900 
12,762,700 
12,512,200 
13,699,800 
11,593,000 
13,027,500 


567,600 
546,000 
463,700 
446,400 
419,900 
418,800 
432,800 
411,700 
417,100 
441,900 
386,400 
420,200 


110 
102 
105 
102 
124 
121 
140 
141 
126 
122 
134 
152 


15 
45 
00 
00 
00 
30 
30 
45 
00 
15 
00 
30 


1,689,100 
1,549,500 
1,474,600 
1,426,900 
1,824,900 
1,751,300 
2,174,300 
2,256,000 
2,050,700 
1,968,900 
2,073,000 
2,306,600 


54,500 
55,300 
47,600 
47,600 
58,900 
58,400 
70,100 
72,800 
68,400 
63,500 
69,100 
74,400 


55,930 
49,750 
43,170 
38,050 
40,350 
39,250 
41,320 
41,000 
40,660 
44,810 
44,530 
52,900 


20. 4 
20.3 
20.5 
20.1 
20.2 
19.7 
20.5 
20.6 
20.3 
20.3 
20.4 
20.3 


Tot's and ) 
averages, j 


3,793 


45 


163,244,500 


447,200 


1,482 


30 


22,546,700 


61,800 


531,720 


20.3 



Water Departmeistt. 



179 



TABLE X. 

Statement of Operations at the West Roxbury Pumping Station for the 

Year 1897. 



1897. 


a 
"p. 

a 

a . 

.— a? 

£3 
o-3 


a 

a ° 

3 


© Q. 

tfig 
cS H 

> 

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t»p 


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to . 

IS 

+3 ' 1 

a h 

e3 O) 

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Si 

P 3 
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to 
CO 

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o a 
p w 

Si 

Pi 


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tn 

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CO 

> 

< 


Month. 


Hours. 


Min. 


Gallons. 


Gallons. 


Gallons. 


Lbs. 


Per cent. 


Feet. 


January.... 

February .. 

September.. 
October — 
November. . 
December.. 


694 
641 
709 
676 
713 
683 
701 
652 
623 
658 
627 
655 


00 
30 
00 
30 
00 
30 
30 
00 
00 
30 
00 
00 


8,317,200 
7,630,900 
8,403,200 
8,024,900 
8,528,000 
8,654,500 
10,163,300 
9,088,800 
9,109,500 
8,849,800 
7,987,800 
8,640,700 


268,300 
272,500 
271,100 
267,500 
275,100 
288,500 
327,800 
293,200 
303,700 
285,500 
266,300 
278,700 


165.3 
158.3 
161.9 
164.7 
163.9 
163.7 
172.7 
169.8 
175.5 
170.2 
164.2 
167.0 


50,325 
48,200 
51,900 
48,725 
52,025 
52,875 
58,850 
53,525 
51,900 
52,000 
48,650 
51,750 


18.3 
20.7 
19.0 
19.6 
18.8 
19.6 
17.9 
17.1 
16.7 
17.1 
17.9 
17.5 


144.18 
145.26 
146.61 
148.32 
150.95 
153.48 
158.13 
155.49 
153.91 
154.24 
152.18 
155.02 


Tot'ls and ) 
Averages, j 


8,034 


30 


103,398,600 


183,300 


166.6 


620,725 


18.3 


151.48 



180 



City Document No. 37. 



TABLE XI. 

Rainfall in Inches and Hundredths on Sudbury River Water-shed for 
the Year 1897. 



1897. 


>> 

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a 

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1-5 


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1 






0.045 




















2 














0.050 


0.635 








3 






0.380 




1.140 
0.175 








2.565 


0.055 


4 


















5 


1.080 




0.330 


0.175 
0.035 






1.250 








0.380 


6 




0.440 












7 




0.740 
0.045 
















8 






















0.145 


9 






2.005 














0.820 


10 






0.070 




2.270 












11 








0.645 


0.045 


0.040 


0.065 


0.060 
0.375 






12 




1.120 


0.325 




1.565 


415 


13 






0.940 


0.320 
0.040 






0.040 




14 






0.460 




0.945 










15 






0.235 


0.010 










3 070 


16 




0.085 








0.660 


0.070 




0.195 
0.100 




17 






0.205 








9 


18 


0.410 










0.035 
0.115 


0-115 




























20 












0.290 




1.145 


0.025 


0.255 


0.230 


21 


0.730 
0.075 


0.140 


0.910 




0.170 


0.010 

1.780 
0.065 
0.900 
0.045 






22 


0.430 








23 


0.780 














0.250 




24 




1.140 








0.965 


0.850 






25 








0.690 


0.185 




0.025 




26 








0.060 




0.130 




0.180 


27 


















0.455 




28 


1.710 






0.105 


0.075 














29 








1.425 








0.175 


0.110 


30 












0.910 










31 










0.525 


0.080 






0.010 




0.600 


















Totals... 


4.005 


2.910 


3.660 


2.820 


4.370 


4.455 


5.445 


3.510 


2.935 


0.470 


6.405 


5.205 



Total rainfall during the year, 46.190 inches, being an average of two gauges located 
at Franiingham and Ashland. 



Water Department. 



181 



TABLE XII. 

Rainfall in Inches and Hundredths at Lake Cochituate for the Year 1897. 



1897. 


M 
eg 

a 

03 

1-5 


U 

<s 

a 

u 

fa 


o 
u 

03 


P. 
< 




oi 

a 


1-5 


>> 

1-9 


CD 

a 

SO 


u 
P 

a 

<o 

a 
oj 
GO 


u 
<s 

p 

o 

o 

O 


s* 

03 

a 
> 

o 


u 
a 

a 

o 

a 


1 


























2 






0.120 
0.280 












0.540 








3 








0.870 
0.400 










2.470 


0.060 


4 


















5 


1.220 




0.360 




0.540 




0.810 






0.110 


0.350 


6 


0.200 










7 




0.660 
0.030 




















8 






0.490 
















0.150 


9 










0.070 






0.840 




10 






0.090 


1.410 


0.650 


1.670 










11 






0.040 


0.050 


0.050 


0.420 
0.420 






12 




1.180 


0.320 








1.610 


0.370 


13 






0.890 


0.250 
0.010 
0.180 






0.100 




14 






0.440 




0.820 










15 






0.270 












2.850 


16 




0.070 






0.630 


0.220 




0.300 




17 






0.210 






0.030 


0.040 


18 


0.390 










0.150 










19 






















20 




0.180 


0.850 






0.300 






0.810 


0.050 


0.240 


200 


21 


0.700 
0.080 




0.190 








22 










1.540 
0.130 
0.870 
0.020 


0.750 




0.270 




23 


0.740 
















24 




1.140 








0.800 


0.750 








25 






0.060 


0.730 


0.390 




0.050 


0.190 


26 










0.090 






27 




















0.390 




28 


1.840 






0.140 
















29 






0.060 


0.940 


1.280 








0.190 


0.110 


30 


















31 










0.460 


0.070 










0.490 






















Totals. 


4.230 


2.860 


3.600 


2.780 


4.250 


4.280 


4.800 


3.260 


2.560 


0.890 


6.470 


4.810 



Total rainfall during the year 44.790 Inches. 



182 



City Document No. 37. 



TABLE XIII. 



Rainfall in Inches and Hundredths on Mystic Lake Water-shed for the 

Tear 1897. 



1897. 


>> 

u 
c8 

a 

oS 

1-5 


>> 

n 
c3 

S 


S3 
o 
u 


"u 
ft 
< 


oS 


a 

1-9 


"3 

1-9 


CQ 


•9) 


a 

0J 

ft 

32 


u 
e 

O 
O 

o 


u 
a 

a 

CD 

O 


u 

<x> 
fii 

a 

s> 
o 

0J 

O 




























2 






0.350 








0.050 


0.050 


0.675 








3 














2.260 




4 .. 










1.385 


0.235 
0.520 




0.310 
0.535 








5 


1.185 




0.315 


0.235 
0.060 






0.080 


0.510 


6 








7 




0.550 














0.025 






8 . 






0.405 
1.355 














0.290 


9 




0.025 


0.085 














0.840 




10 






2.825 


1.045 


0.025 
0.040 






0.015 


11 






0.020 


0.700 


0.040 








12 






0.310 


0.245 


1.800 


0.230 


13 




1.070 




0.690 


0.390 
0.040 


0.375 
0.105 




0.485 




14 




0.450 










15 










0.280 
0.390 
0.060 
0.250 








2.255 


16 . 




0.090 




0.410 
0.220 


0.040 


0.165 








17 










0.175 




18 


0.245 




0.010 












0.025 




















20 












0.405 


0.275 




1.025 


0.120 


0.245 


0.125 




0.615 


0.045 


0.760 




0.195 




22... 






0.720 


0.445 








23 


0.075 


0.715 


1.020 




0.520 




0.230 
0.265 




0.390 




24 




0.380 
0.015 
0.040 


1.055 




25 








0.470 


0.065 








26 












0.220 






0.300 


















0.435 




28 


1.760 






0.150 


0.240 
0.220 














29 
















0.090 




30... 










1.205 


1.570 
0.215 








0.095 


31 . 










0.475 










0.515 






















Totals . 


3.880 


2.495 


3.300 


2.855 


4.935 


5.685 


3.790 


3.440 


3.105 


0.390 


6.315 


4.360 



Total rainfall during the year, 4.455 inches, 
located at Mystic Lake and Mystic Reservoir. 



being an average of two gauges 



Water Department. 



183 



m 



t- 







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H 




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c3 


■30 


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o 
H 




t- 


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5 


CD 


co 


CM 


lO 


CO 


CO 


CO 


Q 


IO 






■fll 




<* 




T* 








■* 




IO 


-1< 








CO 


IO 


00 


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O 


o 


CM 


OS 




f_ 


CO 


CM 








o 


o 


eo 




CO 


IQ 










■* 


CO 


CO 











SO 


>a 


lO 


■* 


■* 


•* 


CO 


■* 


so 


eo 


■* 


SO 


•* 




















OS 


o 








OS 








> 


«* 




t~ 


•* 




t- 


CO 


OS 




-n 


t- 


■* 


IO 






o 


CO 


CO 


co 


CO 


co 


CO 


lO 


CO 


CO 


o 


co 


CO 


CO 








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5! 




o 












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f. 










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P 


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CI 


cm 


CM 


CM 


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CM 


CM 


CM 


ci 


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ft 














































IC 




CO 




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OS 


e 


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CO 


OS 


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eo 


eo 


Tt< 


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CO 


CO 


cc 


CO 


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Tf 


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1-5 






















































> 


































P 


































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P 


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P 




































P 


1 co 
CD 

o 




























£s 


f) c- 






























I- 
































b 


ft 






























c 


<o 






H 
























l_ 


> 






































Pw 
















P 
c 




> 

s- 




7 
































CB 






















c- 




■*- 
ec 


* 


L 


> 






















V. 




> 




>c 


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b 

= 

i 

i 


1 
I 


i 


a 

+■ 

C5 

1 
C 

L 
„ 

o 


- 

t 

E 

a 

a 


1 

1 


a 
+: 
a 
a 

c 
c 

1 £ 


Q 

e 
e 


o 1 
n 

1 

P 
C 

a 

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PC 


E 

h a 
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a 

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r. 

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a 

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< 








184 



City Document No. 37. 



TABLE XV. 

Table Showing the Temperature of Air and Water of Various Stations 
on the Water-works. 



Temperature of Air. 



Temperature of 
Water. 



1897. 



Chestnut Hill 
Reservoir. 



Framingham. 



Brookline 
Reservoir. 



a 



Mystic 
Engine- 
House. 



3 



January .. 
February . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August ... 
September 

October 

November 
December. 



0.5 

1.0 

3.5 

19.0 

36.5 

42.5 

52.0 

47.0 

35.0 

23.5 

6.5 

—1.0 



27.5 
28.7 
35.9 
49.4 
58.5 
62.6 
72.5 
69.1 
62.6 
53.3 
40.5 
31.8 



56.0 
49.0 
62.0 
84.0 
83.0 
87.0 
94.0 
85.0 
92.0 
87.0 
65.0 
60.0 



—3.0 

—2.0 
3.0 
20.0 
35.0 
43.0 
53.0 
45.0 
35.0 
21.0 
8.0 

—3.0 



27.1 

28.4 
37.2 
51.0 
60.2 
63.6 
73.9 
68.1 
62.3 
51.9 
40.2 
32.0 



37.1 
37.1 
38.3 
48.3 
59.3 
64.8 
73.8 
72.3 
68.3 
58.1 
46.3 
38.2 



37.0 

36.8 
36.7 
45.1 
59.1 
64.3 
73.9 
72.6 
67.7 
56.6 
46.4 
38.6 



Water Department. 



185 



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t- 


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o 


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co 


90 


CO 


CO 


CM 


CO 


IO 


IO 




CO 


CO 






o 


■* 


cr; 




CO 


CM 




















^ 












CM 


CO 


CM 


IO 


OS 


© 


t- 


£- 


•* 


CO 


CM 


IO 




o >> 


CM 


1-1 




CM 


CI 


rH 


CM 


























£s 








































^*-> 






























































































rf< 


OS 


OS 


t- 


m 


CO 


OS 


OS 


o 


CO 


^ 


CO 




C3 


CO 


CO 


-f 


CO 


CM 


t- 


CO 


























OS 












-■# 




IO 


CO 


so 


IO 


IO 


CO 


eo 


eo 


CO 


IO 






CO 


■<* 


■* 


CD 


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■# 


CO 


IO 


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■m 


















bi 
































































a 


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Water Department. 



193 



TABLE XXI. 

Percentage of Bainfall collected on Sudbury -river Water-shed, 
1875 to 1897. 



& 



£ 



CD 



1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 
1S79 
1880 
1881 
1882 
1883 
1884 
1885 
1886 
1887 
1888 
1889 
1890 
1891 
1892 
1893 
1894 
1895 
1896 
1897 



7.6 
62.7 
36.5 
57.3 
50.4 
56.0 
13.3 
37.2 
21.2 
34.9 
46.8 
40.9 
S8.8 
45.3 
92.4 
88.4 
76.7 
57.0 
26.4 
30.2 
45.4 
80.9 
37.6 



76.5 
54.2 

206.9 
66.5 
77.4 
74.9 
53.6 
85.2 
43.0 
72.5 
56.4 

123.2 
95.3 
88.3 

116.4 
70.3 

107.3 
50.1 
30.3 
40.8 
62.5 
62.2 
59.0 



76.5 
106.5 
102.7 
133.4 

80.9 

73.9 
124.6 
191.2 
161.4 
143.1 
262.1 
101.7 
104.4 

95.9 
100.9 

84.0 
122.7 

85.9 
157.7 
278.2 
144.2 
130.7 
125.0 



162.9 
135.4 
120.3 

48.5 
114.1 

65.0 
133.4 

82.1 
126.3 
111.8 

86.9 
151.1 
106.0 
188.3 

71.4 
122.3 
106.0 
181.1 
101.7 

82.9 

82.7 
164.3 

92.7 



59.5 
73.5 
67.0 
260.2 
125.8 
50.0 
49.0 
45.5 
40.0 
53.0 
68.4 
42.9 
154.5 
60.3 
53.3 
46.8 
51.7 
40.2 
77.8 
35.4 
56.1 
24.9 
37.3 



24.0 
18.8 
42.5 
22.5 
18.8 
14.2 
42.8 
54.9 
21.6 
20.9 
25.7 
23.9 
26.9 
28.7 
40.3 
48.3 
18.9 
26.8 
31.9 
62.6 
10.8 
21.4 
37.3 



16.0 

3.6 

12.2 

7.7 
7.1 
5.0 

21.0 
8.7 
7.7 

10.9 
7.8 
6.3 
5.5 

14.9 

12.6 
7.8 
7.8 
9.0 

11.0 



12.8 

42.0 
5.9 

12.2 

10.8 
5.3 

19.4 
5.9 

19.1 
9.8 
6.0 
4.1 
7.2 

10.9 

61.2 
6.1 
6.1 

11.3 
5.9 

18.4 
9.9 
4.3 

30.0 



10.4 

6.9 

31.9 

21.5 

12.9 

8.6 

13.0 

6.0 

10.4 

8.9 

14.7 

7.0 

14.5 

23.2 

30.9 

13.2 

14.7 

13.9 

10.8 

9.8 

6.7 

8.7 

10.7 



23.8 
18.6 
13.2 
14.3 
15.6 

4.8 
11.2 
25.7 

5.9 

6.0 
11.8 

8.0 
12.0 
71.4 
51.6 
38 6 

9.8 
19.2 

9.7 
12.5 
23.0 
28.0 
35.7 



46.5 
32.6 
42.2 
41.6 
13.2 
19.9 
16.7 
31.5 
19.5 
11.4 
33.3 
25.0 
23.8 
65.9 
53.3 
174.7 
17.0 
20.7 
25.1 
42.1 
72.4 
37.7 
24.5 



110.7 
22.3 

264.4 
89.0 
19.0 
11.0 
34.9 
24.5 
9.7 
31.9 
77.0 
36.6 
29.6 

100.6 

127.3 
33.5 
26.3 
76.9 
29.2 
26.5 
94.9 
55.1 
54.3 



44.9 
48.2 
57.9 
52.6 
45.3 
31.9 
46.6 
45.9 
34.1 
50.5 
43.4 
49.5 
56.7 
62.2 
58.2 
50.9 
55.8 
39.3 
45.2 
40.7 
47.8 
49.1 
45.1 



16.0 

10.1 

11.7 

12.9 

10.3 

5.4 

15.4 

9.2 

7.9 

9.3 

8.9 

6.2 

8.5 

30.4 

33.2 

23.1 

8.9 

11.8 

8.6 

12.0 

15.5 

11.9 

21.9 



Totals. 



Aver's, 



1133.9 



49.3 



1772.8 



77.1 



2987.6 



129.9 



2637.2 



114.7 



1573.1 



684.5 



228.0 



324.6 



309.3 



13.4 



470.4 



20.5 



890.6 



39.0 



1385.2 1101, S 



60.2 47.9 



309.1 



13.5 



194 



City Document No. 37. 



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Water Department. 



195 



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196 



City Document No. 37. 



TABLE XXIII. 

Rainfall collected, in Inches, on Mystic Water-shed, 1878 to 1897. 



Teak. 



>, 
























03 

a 
£ 


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1S78 

1879 

1880 

1S81 

1882 

1883 

1884 

1885 

1886 

1887 

1888 

1889 

1890 

1891 

1892 

1893 

1891 

1895 

1896 

1897 

Totals. 

Averages. 



3.55 
1.21 
1.70 
0.82 
1.37 
0.70 
1.49 
1.79 
2.31 
3.16 
1.43 
4.51 
2.07 
6.29 
2.49 
0.75 
1.37 
1.55 
1.85 
1.40 

41. SI 



3.97 
2.33 
2.54 
2.14 
3.03 
1.43 
3.89 
1.81 
7.70 
3.61 
3.32 
1.83 
2.23 
5.97 
1.76 
2.14 
1.87 
0.87 
3.40 
1.40 

57.24 



4.91 
3.31 
1.95 

6.79 

4.19 

1 

5.42 

2.05 

3.91 

3.60 

4.28 

1.60 

5.37 

7.21 

3.03 

4.52 

3.05 

3.16 

4.50 

3.46 

78.19 

3.91 



2.21 

3.97 

1.50 

2.17 

1.16 

1.63 

3.85 

2.0 

3.24 

3.75 

3.27 

2.27 

2.93 

3.43 

1.33 

2.72 

2.27 

2.95 

3.26 

2.15 

52.09 



2.16 

1.95 

0.96 

1.51 

1.85 

1.20 

1. 

2.18 

1.27 

1. 

2. 

2.18 

3.00 

1.40 

2.10 

4.42 

1.31 

1.14 

0.77 

1.83 

37.48 

1.87 



0.78 

0.97 

0.51 

2.05 

0.81 

0.52 

0.85 

0.86 

0.55 

1.27 

0.84 

1. 

1.92 

1.01 

1.17 

1.04 

0.91 

0.54 

0.75 

2.19 

21.43 

1.07 



0.48 

0.54 

0.67 

0.87 

0.35 

0.30 

0.58 

0.47 

0.41 

0.87 

0.39 

1.33 

0.43 

0.42 

0.66 

0.4 

0.49 

0.60 

0.39 

0.50 

11.22 

0.56 



1.11 
0.70 
0.54 
0.35 
0.22 
0.22 
0.60 
0.54 
0.25 
1.35 
0.54 
2.05 
0.46 
0.44 
0.49 
0.69 
0.38 
0.80 
0.34 
0.95 

13.02 



0.56 
0.48 
0.45 
0.31 
0.53 
0.1S 
0.23 
0.34 
0.32 
0.48 
1.31 
1.06 
0.58 
0.42 
0.56 
0.41 
0.36 
0.36 
1.06 
0.41 

10.41 

0.52 



0.71 
0.34 
0.36 
0.29 
0.58 
0.39 
0.27 
0.68 
0.38 
0.57 
2.74 
1.21 
2.61 
0.58 
0.45 
0.55 
0.58 
1.46 
0.89 
0.39 

16.03 

0.80 



1.75 
0.45 
0.44 
0.50 
0.39 
0.42 
0.35 
2.41 
0.88 
0.71 
5.04 
2.49 
1.95 
0.56 
1.07 
0.71 
0.91 
2.37 
1.11 
1.02 

25.53 

1.28 



3.63 

0.69 

0.59 

0.87 

0.57 

0.44 

1.17 

2.39 

1.43 

0.91 

5. 

3.06 

2.49 

0.87 

0.87 

1.27 

0.90 

2.12 

1.24 

1.96 

32.55 

1.63 



25.82 
16.94 
12.21 
18.67 
15.05 
9.31 
20.18 
17.55 
22.65 
22.17 
31.12 
25.48 
26.04 
28.60 
15.98 
19.69 
14.40 
17.91 
19 55 
17.64 

396.96 

19.85 



2.86 
2.06 
2.02 
1.82 
1.68 
1.09 
1.68 
2.03 
1.36 
3.27 
4.98 
5.65 
4.08 
1.86 
2.16 
2.12 
1.81 
3.22 
2.68 
2.25 

50.68 

2.53 



Water Department. 



197 



TABLE XXIV. 

Percentage of Rainfall collected at Mystic Water-shed, 1878 to 1897. 



Year. 




s 

M 
,£3 
03 


p 


'£ 
< 




0) 

a 

1-5 




QD 

bo 
< 


u 
,0 

a 

o 

ST 


a) 
o 

o 


o 

a 

> 

o 


u 

<D 

a 

O 

Q 




•o 


1S78 


62.6 


69.2 


125.0 


38.6 


322.9 


29.6 


13.5 


14.8 


17.7 


14.3 


30.8 


74.9 


47.8 


14.9 


1S79 


66.6 


85.4 


93.9 


85.3 


104.9 


24.5 


22.6 


12.8 


29.7 


44.2 


16.2 


18.6 


48.0 


20.1 


1880 


64.9 


60.1 


78.4 


68.S 


47.3 


34.3 


9.2 


14.7 


31.7 


13.5 


22.9, 


23.8 


35.5 


13.5 


1S81 


14.2 


58.9 


101.5 


141.1 


50.7 


29.9 


33.3 


51.9 


14.1 


13.6 


14.3 


26.3 


44.5 


23.9 


1882 


24.8 


64.8 


168.4 


55.0 


40.4 


38.6 


14.9 


20.8 


6.3 


30.0 


22.2 


25.5 


38.4 


12.3 


1883 


26.1 


46.7 


84.8 


65.9 


33.5 


31.8 


10.8 


25.7 


12.1 


7.2 


21.1 


14.7 


29.8 


10.3 


1884 


31.5 


63.9 


127.3 


121.2 


50.2 


18.3 


15.5 


12.4 


33.5 


9.9 


17.4 


25.6 


45.5 


14.0 


1S85 


37.1 


53.3 


174.5 


5S.S 


55.3 


19.6 


22.8 


9.2 


23.7 


12.2 


38.2 


113.6 


39.4 


13.6 


1SS6 


36.6 


107.3 


101.9 


154.3 


43.0 


35.5 


11.1 


7.8 


10.7 


13.4 


21.7 


29.7 


49.7 


10.7 


1887 


60.2 


80.8 


72.0 


81.3 


112.0 


47.3 


13.2 


27.1 


32.0 


18.7 


23.4 


25.6 


47.8 


20.3 


18S8 


35.2 


101.3 


82.5 


115.2 


56.6 


38.1 


17.5 


8.8 


15.3 


55.3 


73.6 


96.4 


54.8 


22.7 


1S89 


81.8 


98.2 


70.2 


63.0 


46.9 


57.0 


15.8 


22.2 


" 22.5 


33.7 


44.1 


107.0 


50.6 


27.3 


1890 


75.6 


66.0 


80.4 


121.8 


47.6 


56.9 


19.0 


12.7 


15.6 


29.5 


141.2 


53.5 


52.8 


22.1 


1891 


100.7 


117.6 


118.7 


109.0 


57.0 


22.8 


13.3 


11.3 


19.3 


12.1 


21.7 


25.6 


60.3 


13.3 


1892 


55.0 


58.5 


75.7 


163.6 


37.5 


28.3 


25.7 


10.2 


27.7 


24.3 


23.1 


75.2 


40.9 


19.2 


1893 


33.3 


28.6 


177.3 


S0.7 


70.6 


49.5 


23.2 


12.6 


20.5 


13.4 


31.5 


29.1 


44.5 


15.6 


1894 


34.8 


56.5 


280.1 


65.4 


25.3 


125.8 


14.2 


15.1 


14.3 


10.5 


26.0 


22.7 


36.7 


12.9 


1895 


43.7 


132.2 


105.2 


70.6 


36.0 


15.0 


13.8 


14.7 


17.6 


14.4 


37.8 


92.2 


36.8 


15.1 


1896 


78.7 


66.8 


98.9 


183.5 


38.5 


31.9 


16.2 


12.9 


13.5 


27.5 


33.4 


53.1 


49.0 


17.5 


1897 


36.0 


56.1 


104.7 


75.1 


37.0 


38.5 


13.1 


27.6 


13.1 


99.2 


16.2 


47.1 


39.8 


20.9 


Totals.. 


999.4 


1472.2 


2321.4 


1918.2 


1313.2 


773.2 


338.7 


375.3 


391.0 


496.9 


676.8 


980.2 


892.6 


340.2 


Averages, 


49.97 


73.61 


116.07 


95.91 


65.66 


38.66 


16.94 


18.77 


19/55 


24.85 


33.84 


49.01 


44.63 


17.01 



198 



City Document No. 37. 



> 

X 
X 

u 
< 



V. 



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® 






o o o 






o 


o 






o 








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CO 


t- 






o 
of 










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CO 








CO 




t>> 


03 
































PI 








































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o 


CTJ 






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2 








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co_ 






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CO 




g 


































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o 


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b't 


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CO 






CD 
CO 








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c 


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c 


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c 


c 


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c 


cr 


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c: 


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cr 







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o 


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cc 


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CO 


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cr. 


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C 


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w 










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1-5 


r= 


a 
oc 


i-: 


o 
O 


CD 
01 


< 


< 


o? 


h 


< 


CD 

CO 


r? 




S.SS... 


CO 


o 


cr. 


c 


c 


o 


o 


c 


c 


c 


o 


c 


e 


o 


c 


s 


o 


— 


c 


c: 


o 


o 


c 


= 


~ 


o 


= 


c 


o 


cr 


rH 




c 


IT 


■* 


c^ 


cc 


o- 


c 


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ec 




C35 


cr 


2 3 u£ 
































-* 


cy 


>c 






CI 




IT 


oc 




c 


oc 


tr- 


o 


.2 DH -- Q 


"3 


CO 


IC 


IC 


C~ 


03 




s 


OC 




lO 


— 




lO 




CO 




Cd 


cc 


1-4 




s 














03 


a 






























Daily 
Average 

Yield 
July-Oct. 




o 


c 


— 


= 


O 


o 


c 


cr. 


c 


o 


c 


c 


o 


o 


'co 


o 


= 


c 


c 


O 


c 


c 


c 


c 


o 


c 


c 




o 


O 


"*. 


c^ 




K 


o 




cr 


OJ 


t- 


o. 


c 


<r 


00^ 


o 


o" 


c^ 


cs 


T- 


■*" 


CO* 


oc 




e 


t-" 


c- 




-* 


oo" 




ta 


r 


cr. 


C 




io 




t- 




00 




cf 


t- 


tr- 


05 


CO_ 


cc 




C 


°i. 


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cr 


oc 


■^ 


cc 


oc 


00^ 


-r 


o" 


c 


a- 


>c 


^n" 


o" 


ir 


c 


oc 


T-" 


■>* 


oc 




co" 


CO 








tH 








. 


rt 






1-1 


cc 




■iui 


CO* 


o 


c 




^ 


S3 


M* 


c 




)<- 


o 


c 


If 


lO 


ir 




00 


c 


t- 




CN 


CM 


a 


E 


cc 


lO 


o- 


o 


03 




o 


CO 


t " 


t* 


5 


i— I 


CO 


(M 


S 


If 


CO 






^ 


CM 


«".§ 


>5 




t- 


If 


t' 


CO 


in 


~ 


t( 


c 




1- 


c- 


CO 


CM 


Iper 
are 
per 


CO 


o 


c 


c 


c 


o 


o 


— 


cr 


c= 


o 


cr 


c 


o 


C 




o 




c 


c 


o 


c 


C 


c 


c 


o 


c 




o 


o 


s 


(M 


e 


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cr 




■^ 


e 


<T 




-* 


CC 


cc 


CO 


■* 




































ir 


c 


T- 




CO 


— 




cja 


C3 


c 


cc 


CO 


I- 


"3 c^Q 


e 


t- 


cr 


r- 


lf 


05 




t- 


5 


cr 




c 


oc 


lO 


o 


05 




CM 


T 


CO 


IS 


~ 


oc 


IC 




c 


c 




^ 


P^S 


03 




r- 


T- 














'-" 






rH~ 


th" 


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o 


c 


c 


c 


o 


o 


c 


c 


c 


o 


= 


c 


o 


o 


CO 


o 


c 


c 


— 


o 


o 


c: 


c 


c 


o 


c 


r 


o 


— 


Daily 
Averag 
Yield i. 

Year. 




°i 


-=t 





ca 


CM 


CO 


a- 


Cf 


ec 


(M_ 


cr 




co^ 


en 
































O 


cf 


cc 


a- 


cs 


CM 


o 


o- 


o 


cr 


OS 




c: 


of 


CM 




OS 


t- 


cr 


a 


■* 


lO 


cc 




If 




? 


c- 


-* 


-* 


8 


1C^ 


0- 


o- 


oc 


C5_ 




CO 


oc 


c 


C3 


t- 






» 






























03 


>ci" 


a 


-T 


e= 


oT 


Id 


c^- 


■^ 


c 


-*" 


b- 




CO 


t-" 


tr- 


oc 


a 




CO 


^ 




cc 


■^ 


CO 


CC 


oc 


CO 









CO 


o 


Cf 


a 


r- 


C3 


^ 


c- 


■^ 


c 


* ^ 


>r 


If 


lO 


IC 


C-H* 




OS 


cr 




C 


rH 


t^ 


cr 


cr 


oc 


f CO 


-T 


cr 


o 


cr 


"3 "3 


« 


-* 


If 


E 


a 


Tt< 






«■ 


t- 




IT 


<r 


t- 


-* 


9 





Ti 


t> 




00 


■^ 


cr 




b- 


cr 


cc 


CM 




>v 




M 


1C 


i* 


CO 


T» 


. cr 


cr 


■* 


■5 


-^ 


-* 


lO 


































1* 




lO 


*r 




a 


a> 


o 




es 


cc 




If 


cc 




00 






fc- 


t- 


i> 


t~ 


CO 


oc 


o: 


cc 


00 


CC 


oc 


CO 


00 








CO 


CC 


cc 


oc 


CO 


CO 


cc 


cc 


cc 


00 


"/ 


cc 


00 


cc 





Water Department. 



199 





O 


















o 


















oo 






































IO 


















•* 


















o 


















o 






































CO 


















•* 


















■* 






































CO 


















© 




































CO 


















tH 


















>> 




































"3 


















h> 


















o o o o 


c 


o 


c 


o c 




o o o o 


o 


o 


o 


o c 




to cn 


1-1 00 




IO 


b- 


Tt< C 
























CO b- OS IO 




o 


co 


t- c 




co © -# cm. 


o 


«# 


00 


IO o 


-. 


o o o o 


o 


o 


o 


o c 




o o o o 


CO 


CD 


CD 


o c 




CM IO OS CO 


b- 


CC' 


cc 


C5 IT 
























10 -^ <n 


*-i 


CO 


CO 


CO 


CM -^ 




**< CO r-< CD 


CJ 


■* 


t— 


i-H CC 




CO © CN 






CN 


co 


CO c 
























r~ oo *- 


© 


00 




CO 


T« 1 




■* 








rH 










© © 10 © 


IO 


IO 


o 


ia c 




n 


CD CT 


b- 


CO 






OS b- 




a 


■"# CO tH 




CO 


CO 


CO -5) 




oo cm cc 




* 


CN 


cm 


CM 


c 












u 


h 


m 
















q 


co 


CD 














CO 


1 


r= 

a 


e 


V 


f- 

1 










.a 


co 


CD 


CD 




^ 




> 


> > 


, > 


> o 


-M 






s 


c 










+3 


=_ 


& 


& 






s 


= 


= 


o 


a 


CD 


CD 


< 


t 




h 


h 


►: 


o 


co 


CO 


CO 


c 






© 


c 


— 


© 


o 


o 


o 


c 


cc 


o 


c 


c 


© 


o 


~ 


o 


CD 


c 


c 


o 


-!■ 


Tt 


c 


(M_ 


CO 


e^ 


tH 




a 


IO 
























rt 




csT 


t-r 


■*" 


l-C 


c 


cs 


CD 


5 


rf 


OC 




CD 


CN 


00 


'/ 


OC 




c 


b- 


T— 


CM 




cq 


«* 


CM 


K 


CO 






















c 


e 


o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


cc 


c 


o 


o 




© 


o 




e 


o 


c 


CD 


o 


T 




OS 




■* 


oa 


°i 


cc 


OC 


b- 






















cc 


IC 


00 




CM 


CO 




-t 


t- 


OS 


cc 




cc 


IO 


o 


1-C 


t- 




./- 


t^ 


ic 


o 




°i. 


so 


CO 




c" 


1- 


OS 






















t- 


ic 


co 


io" 


fff 


CD" 


co 


T- 


<r. 


CO 


b- 


ir 


T- 








cc 


CN 


CM 


CM 


ia 


IO 


o 


o 


IO 


IO 


o 


c 


cc 


IO 




CC 


CO 


00 


oo 


CO 


b- 


c- 


cc 


IO 


cr 


OC 


cc 


CD 


b- 


CI 


l- 1 


cc 


cc 


■* 




cq 


■* 


<M 


CO 


CO 


CI 


CD 


c 


IO 


CN 


CN 


iH 


,_l 


*H 




C) 






1-1 


C 


e 


c 


o 


o 


o 


c 


c 


c 


o 


CD 


c 


CO 


o 


o 


o 


o 


CD 


CD 


o 


■51 


c< 


b- 


co_ 


t~ 


"^ 


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200 



City Document No. 37. 



SUMMARY OF STATISTICS. 

REPORT FOR 1897. 



Boston Water Works, Suffolk County, Massachusetts, supplies 
also the cities of Somerville, Chelsea and Everett. 

Population by census of 1895 : 

Boston ....... 

Chelsea ....... 

Somerville ........ 

Everett ....... 



Total 



496,920 
31,264 
52,200 
18,573 

598,957 



Date of Construction : 

Cochituate Works ...... 1848 

Mystic 1864 

By whom owned. — City of Boston. 

Sources of supply, — Lake Cochituate, Sudbury river, and Mystic 

lake. 
Mode of supply. — Sixty-five per cent, from gravity works. 
Thirty-five " " pumping " 





Pumping. 






Builder of pumping ma- 
chinery 


Cochituate. 

Holly Mfg. Co. 
and Quintard 
Iron Works. 


Mystic. 

H. R. Worthington 
and G. F. Blake 
Mfg. Co. 


Description of coal used : 
a Kind 
c Size 

e Price per gross ton. 
in bins . 


Bituminous. 
Broken. 

! $3.47-$3.57 




Bituminous. 
Broken. 

$3.18 


/"Per cent, of ash 


9.2 




11.4 


Coal consumed for year, 


in lbs. . 5,157,939 


7,421,103 



Total pumpage for year, in gal- 
lons . ' . . . ' . 5,250,063,975 4,572,225,608 

Gallons pumped per lb. of coal . 1017.9 616.1 

Cost of pumping figured on pump- 

ing-station expenses, viz. : . $29,905 25 $27,989 96 

Cost per million gallons raised to 

reservoir .... $5,706 $6,122 



Water Department. 



201 



Cochituate. Mystic. 
Estimated population . . 491,100 142,600 
Estimated number of consumers, 488,100 141,600 
Total consumption, gaUons .21,121,552,400 4,569,393,100 
Passed through meters . . 4,911,650,000 826,417,500 
Percentage metered . . . 23.3 18.9 
Average daily consumption, gal- 
lons 57,867,300 12,518,900 

Gallons per day, each inhabi- 
tant 117.8 87.8 

Gallons per day, each consumer, 118.5 88.4 



Distribution. 



Mains. 



Kind of pipe used . 

Sizes .... 
Extended, miles 
Total now in use 
Distribution-pipe less than 4 in 

length, miles 
Hydrants added 
Hydrants now in use 
Stop-gates added 
Stop-gates now in use 



Cochituate. Mtstic. 

Cast Iron, Wrought 

Iron and Cement. 

36 in. to 3 in. 



Cast Iron. 



48 in. to 4 in 

19.5 

627.1 

2.2 
178 

6,547 
323 

7,410 



2.6 

187.2 

4.0 

79 

1,718 

128 
2,519 



Kind of pipe used 

Sizes 

Extended, feet 
Service-taps added 
Total now in use 
Meters now in use 
Motors and elevators in use 



Services. 
Lead. 



in. to 6 in. 

56,075 
2,465 

75,785 

4,436 

625 



Lead and 

Wrought Iron. 

\ in. to 4 in. 

23,369 

906 

25,848 

501 

21 



202 City Document No. 37. 

1 Boston Water Board. 

Organized July 31, 1876. 

Timothy T. Sawyer, from July 31, 1876, to May 5, 1879; and from 

May 1, 1882, to May 4, 1883. 
Leonard R. Cutter, from July 31, 1876, to May 4, 1883. 2 
Albert Stanwood, from July 31, 1876, to May 7, 1883. 2 
Francis Thompson, from May 5, 1879, to May 1, 1882. 2 
William A. Simmons, from May 7, 1883, to August 18, 1885. 
George M. Hobbs, from May 4, 1883, to May 4, 1885. 
John G. Blake, from May 4, 1883, to August 18, 1885. 
William B. Smart, from May 4, 1885, to March 18, 1889. 
Horace T. Rockwell, from August 25, 1885, to April 25, 1888. 
Thomas F. Doherty, from August 26, 1885, to May 5, 1890; and from 

May 4, 1891, to July 1, 1895. 
Robert Grant, from April 25, 1888, to July 18, 1893. 
Philip J. Doherty, from March 18, 1889, to May 4, 1891. 
John W. Leighton, from May 5, 1890, to July 1, 1895. 2 
William S. McNary, from August 15, 1893, to November 5, 1894. 
Charles W. Smith, from January 23, 1895, to July 1, 1895. 



1 Water Commissioners. 
Charles W. Smith, from July 1, 1895, to January 20, 1896. 3 
Jeremiah J. McCarthy (Acting), from January 20, to February 1, 1896. 
John R. Murphy, from February 1, 1896, to present time. 

Assistant Water Commissioners. 
Jeremiah J. McCarthy, from July 1, 1895, to January 20, 
Edward C. Ellis, from February 17, 1896, to present time 

Chief Clerk and Secretary. 
Walter E. Swan. 

General Superintendent Income Division. 
Jos. H. Caldwell. 

General Superintendent Distribution Division. 
Hugh McNulty. 

General Superintendent Western Division. 
Desmond FitzGerald (to January 1, 1898.) 4 

City Engineer and Engineer of the Department. 
William Jackson. 



1 Under Chap. 449 of the Acts of 1S95, the Boston Water Board was abolished, and 
the Water-Supply and Water -Income Departments consolidated and placed under 
the charge of one Water Commissioner. 

2 Deceased. 

3 Resigned. 

4 Office abolished. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



intendent, 



Abatements 

Additional supply of water 
Albany-street yard 
Analyses of water 
Biological laboratory . 
Brookline reservoir . 
Chestnut-Hill pumping-station 

" " reservoir 
City Engineer, Beport of . 
Cocbituate aqueduct . 
Color of water . 
Consumption of water 
Contracts made and pending 
Cost of construction . 
Deacon and waste service . 
Dudley pond 

Distribution Division, Beport of General Super 
Electrolysis 
Expenditures 
Extension of mains 
Earm pond 
Eire reservoirs . 
Fisher-Hill reservoir 
Fountains . 
General Statistics 
Gates and stop-cocks 
Harbor service . 
High service 
Hydrants . 

Income Division, Beport of General Superintendent . 
Inspection of water sources 
Lake Cochituate ..... 

Machine shop ...... 

Mains laid and relaid 

Maintenance . 

Meters ....... 

Meter Division transferred to Income Division 

Metropolitan Water Board 

Mystic conduit 



PAGE 

35 
14,15 
56 
127, 131 
127 
126 
125, 154 
123 
149-162 
122, 154 
143 
156,157,164 
16-25 
4-6 
57 
120 
46-58 



57, 157-160 
4,12 
13 
116, 152 
55 



126 

50 

163 

49 

54 

154 

49 

27,45 

57, 126 

117-120, 152, 166 

51 

46-49, 160, 161 

4, 53, 146 

. 27, 28, 38, 39 

3 

3 

. 57, 155 



204 



Table of Contents. 



Mystic lake 


PAGE 

57, 155 


Mystic pumping-station 




. 5 


5, 155, 156 


Natick filter beds 






119 


Organization of departmen 


t >. 




3,202 


Rainfall 






149 


Receipts . 






4 


Reservoirs and standpipes 






54 


Reservoir No. 1 






107, 149 


Reservoir No. 2 






108, 150 


Reservoir No. 3 






110, 150 


Reservoir No. 4 






111,151 


Reservoir No. 5 






112, 151 


Reservoir No. 6 






113, 151 


Reservoir No. 8 






115 


Service-pipes 






2,50 


Sudbury river aqueduct 




. 12 


3, 121, 154 


Summary of statistics 






200, 201 


Water-debt 






5, 9 


Water-loans, outstanding 






7,8 


Water-posts 






50 


Water sinking-fund . 






10, 11 


Wayne-street pumping-station . 


> 


56 


Western Division, Report of General 


Superintendent 


106-129 


Western Division abolished 




3 


West Roxbury pumping-station 


. 


55, 155 


Whitehall pond .... 


. 


151 


Yards 


• 


56 


Tables: — 




Abatements ....... 


35 


Amounts assessed by annual rates 


28-31 


Amounts assessed by meters .... 


33 


Average condition of tap water, 1897 . 


130 


Average maximum and minimum heights to whicl 


L 


water rose 


173 


Average of monthly analyses, 1897 


131 


Average of monthly examinations of color . 


143, 144 


Average of monthly examinations of organisms . 


132-140 


Average of monthly examinations of temperatures 


141, 142 


Average yield of Sudbury water-shed, 1875-96, anc 


L 


1897 * 


106 




145 


Blow-off gates established and abandoned . 


90 


Daily average consumption for years 1891 to 1897 


> 








164 



Table of Contents. 



205 



Diversion of Sudbury-river water for years 1890 to 

1897, inclusive 

Fire-pipe service ....... 

Fixtures in use, January 31, 1898 . 

Gates established and abandoned, and number in use, 

January 31, 1898 

General statement of repairs of mains and services 

General statistics for 1894, 1895, 1896 and 1897 . 

Hydrants established and abandoned . 

Hydrants in use, January 31, 1898 . . . . 

Leaks and stoppages from 1850 to 1898 

Length of distributing mains, Somerville, Chelsea and 

Everett, connected with works, January 31, 1898' . 
Length of hydrant, blow-off and reservoir pipes laid, 

and length in use, January 31, 1898 
Length of supply and distribution mains laid, relaid 

and abandoned, and total connected with works, 

January 31, 1898 

Location, size and length of mains abandoned . 
Location, size and length of mains extended 
Location, size and length of mains lowered 
Location, size and length of mains relaid . 
Mains extended, Somerville, Chelsea and Everett 
Mains relaid, Somerville, Chelsea and Everett . 
Means of monthly observations, 1896. (Feeders of 

Lake Cochituate) ...... 

Meter, Elevator, motor and fire-pipe service 
Meters applied ....... 

Meters condemned ...... 

Meters discontinued 

Meters in service January 31, 1898 . 

Meters purchased 

Meters repaired ....... 

Miscellaneous work performed in Distribution Divison 

for year ........ 

New services and summary of services, Somerville 

Chelsea and Everett 

Off and on service 

Private gates established and abandoned . 

Private mains laid 

Purposes, water taken by annual rates 

Purposes, water taken by meters 

Quantities taken by meters .... 

Eainfall at Chestnut-Hill reservoir, 1897 . 

Eainfall at different places in 'Massachusetts for 1897, 

Eainfall at Lake Cochituate, 1897 .... 



PAGE 

165 
38 
37 

89,99 

93,94 

163 

91 

92 

96,97 

98 

60 



59 

82-88 

69-80 

81 

63-68 

102-104 

100, 101 

120 
38,45 
40 
39 
40 
39 
41 
41, 42 

95 

99 

36 

90 

81 

28 

32 

34 

147, 148 

183 

181 



206 



Table of Contents. 



PAGE 

Bainfall, Mystic water-shed from 1878 to 1897 . . 194-197 

Eainfall on Cochituate water-shed, 1863 to 1897 . 185-190 

Rainfall on Mystic lake water-shed, 1897 . . . 182 

Eainfall on Sudbury water-shed, 1897 ... 180 

Eailfall on Sudbury water-shed, 1875 to 1897 . . 191-193 

Service-pipes laid and abandoned in 1897-98 . . 61, 62 
Statement of operations at Chestnut-Hill pumping- 

station for 1897 174, 175 

Statement of operations at East Boston pumping- 

station for 1897 178 

Statement of operations at Mystic pumping-station 

for 1897 176,177 

Statement of operations at West Boxbury pumping- 
station for 1897 179 

Statistics of storage and rainfall at Lake Cochituate 

from 1852 to 1897 166-168 

Statistics of storage and rainfall at Mystic lake from 

1876 to 1897 171, 172 

Statistics of Sudbury-river water, rainfall collected, 

etc., from 1875 to 1897 169,170 

Temperature of air and water of various stations on 

works ......... 184 

Temperatures of water 141, 142 

"Waste detection 37 

Water-posts established and abandoned during the year, 50, 93 

Water pumped, etc., ISTatick filter-beds . ... 119 

Water-takers 28 

Yield of Sudbury-river water-shed from 1875 to 

1897 . 106,107,198,199