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fm. 



>i^-r- 



>- 



ANNUAL REPORT 



'h 4 



OF TXCE 



SECRETARY OF WAR 



Foa 



THE YEA.R 1893. 



IN FOUR VOLUMES. 



VOLUME II-IN SIX PARTS. 

PART 6. 



V WASHINGTOlir: 

GOVERNMENT PEINTINO OPPIOE. 

1893. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



■*•••-»* 



OF TXCE 



SECRETARY OF WAR 



FOB 



THE YEA.R 189 3. 



IN POUR VOLUMES. 



• 



VOLUME II-IN SIX PARTS. 

PART 6. 



WASHINGTON: 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE. 

1893. 



•■9 



COTSTTENTS. 

[Alpliaibetical index will be funnd at the end of each park] 



PART L 

OFFICERS OF THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 
Status, changes; and distribution of officerR of corpS; 3 ; officers detached^ 4. 

FORTIFICATIONS. 

PRO.TECT8 and estimates, 4; appropriations and allotments: Portland Harbor, Me., 
Boston Harbor, Mass., 5; Narragansett Bay, R. I., New York Harbor, N. Y., 6; 
Philadelphia, Pa., Baltimore, Md., Washington, D. C, 8; Hampton Roads, Va., 
Charleston Harbor, 8. C, San Francisco Harbor, Cal., 9. Sites for fortifications, 10. 

PROTECTION OF SITE OF FORT NIAGARA, NEW YORK. 

In thk charok of Capt. Dan C. Kingman, Corps of Engineers 11 

SEA WALL AND EMBANKMENT AT DAVIDS ISLAND, NEW YORK HARBOR. 

In the CHARGE OF LiEUT. CoL. H. M. Robert, Corps of Engineers 12 

SEA WALLS AT GOVERNORS ISLAND, NEW YORK HARBOR. 

Is THE CHARGE OP LlEUT. COL. H. M. ROBERT, CORPS OF ENGINEERS 13 

WATER SUPPLY AND SEWERAGE SYSTEM AT FORT MONROE, VA. 

In the CHARGE OF Maj. Charles E. L. B. Davis, Corps of Engineers 13 

ESTIMATES OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR FORTIFICATIONS REQUIRED FOR 

1894-^95 14 



• 



THE BOARD OF ENGINEERS. 

Constitution of Board, summary of reports rendered, 15; personal inspection 

made, additional duties of members, 16. 

POST OF WILLETS POINT, NEW YORK—U. S. ENGINEER SCHOOL.— 
BATTALION OF ENGINEERS.— ENGINEER DEPOT. 

Officer in command, Lieut. Col. W. R. King, Corps of Engineers— 

Po8^ of WiHetfl Point, 17; U. S. Engineer School, Battalion of Engineers, Engineer 

Depot, 18; statement of funds, estimates, 19. 

I 



II coHTiarrs. 

EIVER AND HARBOR IMPROVEMENTS. 

Gexkra-L 8TATKMKNT, removal of wrecks, 19; establishment of Larbor lines, ex- 
amination of bills for bridges, construction of bridges across navigable waters, 
bridges obstructing navigation, occupancy and injury of public works, engineer 
divisions, South Pass of the Mississippi River, rules and regulations for the use of 
canals, 20. 

ATLANTIC COAST AND GULF OF MEXICO. 
In the charge or Lieut. Col. Peter C. Hains, Corps of Engineers — 

St. Croix River, Me., 21; Lubec Channel, Me., Moosabec Bar, Me., 22; Narragnagns 
River, Me., breakwater from Mount Desert to Porcupine Island, Bar Harbor, Me., 
23; Bagaduce River, Me., 24; Penobscot River, Me., 25; Belfast Harbor, Me., 26; 
Camden Harbor, Me., Rockland Harbor, Me., 27; Kennebec River, Me., 28; 
Harraseeket River, Me., Portland Harbor, Me., 30; channel in Back Cove, Port- 
land, Me., 31; Saco River, Me., 32; Kennebunk River, Me., 33; York Harbor, Me., 
Bellamy River, N. H., 34; Cocheco River, N. H., 35; harbor of refuge at Little 
Harbor, N. H., 36; removing sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endangering 
navigation, examinations, 37. 

In the charge of Lieut. Col. S. M. Mansfield, Corps o? Engineers — 

Newburyport Harbor, Mass., 38; Merrimac River, Mass., 39; Powow River, Mass., 
Ipswich River, Mass., 40; Essex River, Maes., harbor of refuge, Sandy Bay, Cape 
Ann. Mass., 41; Gloucester Harbor, Mass., 42; Manchester Harbor, Mass., Salem 
Harbor, Mass., 43; Lynn Harbor, Vass., 44; Wiuthrop Harbor, Mass., Mystic and 
Maiden rivers, Mass., 45; Boston Harbor, Mass., 46; Weymouth River, Mass., 47; 
Hingham Harbor, Mass., Scituate Harbor, Mass., 48; Plymouth Harbor, Mass., 49; 
Kingston Harbor, Mass., 50; WellHeet Harbor. Mass., Provincctown Harbor, Mass., 
51; Chatham Harbor, Mass., examinations, 52. 

In the charge ok Capt. W. H. Bixby, Corps of Engineers — 

Harbor of refuge at Hyannis, Mass., 53; harbor of refuge at Nantucket, Mass., 54; 
Marthas Vineyard inner harbor at Edgartown, Mass., hurl)or at Vineyard 
Haven, Mass., 55; Wareham Harbor, Mass., 56; New Bedford Harbor, Mass., 57; 
Westport Harbor, Mass., 58; Canapitbit Channel, Mass., Taunton River, Mass.« 
59; Pawtucket River, R. I., 60; Providence River and Narragansett Bay, R. I., 
61; removal of Green Jacket Shoal, Providence River, R. I., 62; Greenwich Bay, 
R. I., cove and waterway near Coaster Harbor Island, R. I., 63; Newport Harbor, 
R. I., 64; harbor of refuge at Point Ju<lith, R. I., 65; entrance to Point Judith 
Pond, R. I., harbor of refuge at Block Island, R. I., 66; Pawcatuck River, R. I. 
and Conn., 67; harbor of refuge at Stouington, Conn., 68; removing sunken 
vessels or craft obstructing or endangering navigation, 69 ; examinations, 70. 

In the charge of Lieut. Col. Henry M. Robert, Corps of Engineers — 

Mystic River, Conn., Thames River, Conn., 72; Connecticut River, Mass. and 
Conn., 73; harbor of refuge at Duck Island Harbor, Conn., Clinton Harbor, Conn., 
76; New Haven Harbor, Conn., breakwaters at New Haven, Conn., 77; Milford 
Harbor, Conn., 78; Housatonic River, Conn., 79; Bridgeport Harbor, Conn., 
Black Rock Harbor, Conn., 80; Saugatuck River, Conn., 81; Norwalk Harbor, 
Conn., Wilsons Point Harbor, Conn., 82; Five Mile River Harbor, Conn., Stam- 
ford Harbor, Conn., 83; harbor at Cos Cob and Miamus River, Conn., Port 
Chester Harbor, N. Y., 84; Larchmont Harbor, N. Y., 85; East Chester Creek, N. 
Y., 86; Greenport Harbor, N. Y., Port Jefferson Harbor, N. Y., 87; Huntington 
Harbor, N. Y., 88; Glen Cove Harbor, N. Y., Flushing Bay, N. Y., 89; Patchogue 
River, N. Y., 90; Browns Creek, Sayville, N. Y., examinations, 91. 

In the charge of Lieut. Col. G. L. Gillespie, Corps of Engineers — 

Hudson River, N. Y., 92; harbor at Sangerties, N. Y., 93; harbor at Rondout, N. Y., 
94; Wappinger Creek, N. Y., Harlem River, N. Y., 95; East lyver and Hell Gate, 
N. Y., 97; Newtown Creek, N. Y., 99; Buttermilk Channel, New York Harbor, 
100; Gowanus Bay, N. Y., Red Hook, Gowanns Creek, and 13av Ridge channels, 
101; New York Harbor, N. Y., 102; Jamaica Bay. N. Y., 103; Raritan Bay, N. J., 
104; removing sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endaugoring uavi^atioi*^ 
examinations, 105. 



i 



COSTENTB. m 

^ C*rT. Tnnttxa h, Cmr, CoRra of KnanreEns— 

fiamp&wiiiiiui Inlet, N. Y., CanaraLe Buy, N- Y., 100; Slii^epaboail Ba;, N. Y., 107) 
r Arlliiir Kill, N. Y. auiI N. J., allulliipl bt-twceo St»t«[i I«Iauil utii] Nnw Jetw^y, IDS; 
PMUiuiSiT«r. N, J..im: Ellznbolh River, N. J.. Ill; Ituliwav Rivet, N. J., Rari- 
uu KSv«r. N. J., 112) Huul.li Uivor. N. J., Wi: K<'y|>urt Hurbcir. M. J.,llt: Matta- 
[ w&oCtmIc, K. J., US; Slinnl Hirlinr ami Ci»ii|)luu Creek, N. J., 116; Siiruwkburr 
' "' r,N.J..117; Mmiamitiivd (i><i>iaD) River, ». J., osui»ii>ul.iuii8, 118. 

> TUB cnABos or Uaj. V- W. Ravmo;<i>, Corps of Enqink.rrs— 

:, N. J. »a<l Pa., 119; liftrbur Itetuveu Philwlelpliiii, Pu., and Camdea, 
[ K. J., ISl: Ko1i<iy1kill River. Pa., 123; u-» hurliur »t M»roii8 Hmtk, Pa.. ia« hubor 
[ at buail itt OiiUwaru Bay, Del., 123; ounitlriii^Unii >if irmi iiiiir in Deliiwarn Baj, 
I uear Lowuk, Pel,, 1^: Detavrare BrrakwitUT, IM>\., VJa; kniirucua River, N. J., 
I 136; Alli-way Cr«ck, N. J.. 8nlom liivvr, ti. .t., 127: GobIiro I?iw1t, N, J,, romov- 
I itig iititikbn vaaMilii ur cralt olistrui'tiii^ or vuilniiKoring nuTigatiDii, 1 



, „._n Harbor, Del.. 129; ioe harbor »t New Caxtte, Dot, ISO; Apirnqniiilmink 

i KLv«r, D«l., SmvrDa River, Dt>l., ):il; Jlurderkill River, Del., MJaiillliun River, 
f Del., ISa; Broadkiln River, Di'l., inlnml waterway from ChEni^teu^ue Bay, V»,, 

to Di-tawarti Bay. at or m>nv Lewfa, L)eL, 133; Suaqnshmitift River ubuve aud b»* 
' low Havre do tlnu'c. .M>t., I'JJ : Nmilioiutt Rirer, Mil., Elk Rivnr, Md., 135; Kair- 

l«a Ctw^k. M.I., Uhe«t,r Kivm-. Mfl,, fii.m Crnmploii w. JniieH Laniling, 136; Cliop- 

tatik RIvor. Md., I.IT; Ln Trnin.o Idvi^r, Md.,Wnrwiok River, Met., 13tt: CamhrldM 
' lUthuc. Md.. !31l; Broiiil CnA River. Dol., Winoinleo River. Mil.. 140; MHimkio 
I Biv«r, Ud.. (luanouok Ilarbnr. Vu., Ul; liorbor and iipprunc>bes ut Cape Charles 
I Citf, Va., ll'J: riMunvini; siutkuu vusiwIb or uraft ubstruvtiut; or otiilauKeriii£ navi- 

— "I, exaoiiuatiuiw, 113, 

V Ct>L. William P. Craiuhili., Uubpb of £mginker&~ 

J^t»iMca River anil Dhaiinol to Baltimore, Md., 144; Cliannel (o Cnrtis Bay In 
F PuUMco Uiivr. Baltimore Harbur, Mrt,, Jaiiios River, Va., 14u; remoTin;; •uokeii 
.%.. -If rr^n uiigtf uQ^jng Of cndHiigorlug uavigatiun, UT; esatBinutions, 148. 

K TKit citARoK or Maj. CitAKLRS E. L. B. Davis, Cuiu-s of ENm.NGBKe— 

Fotonuo SivDT and Anai-'mitin River at Washiiiutou, D. C, 148; Oeoqnno Creek, 
i Vm., 150; Aqub Crook, Va.. 161; Lower Machnaoo Creek, Va., 152; NomiuiCrupk, 
[ V«., 153; I'ntiixent Elver, Mil., RaiipHhaauouk River, Vn., 154; Urbauu Creek, 
[ V»., ISSj Turk Kivnr, Va,, &Utlapuui ltiv«r, V»., 158; Pamunkey River, Va,, 157; 
f AsJUHiiiatloDH, 158. 

ir Tftr cnAKGH op Liiitt, Kiiward Bitbh, Coiips of Engikerrs — 

Bubfir of Norfolk and lis iippvi)juili(>n, Va., 159; opproauh to Norfolk Harbor and tha 
I Utiit*d Staitu (N<'rfulk) iiuvy-yurj, between Laiubert Point and Fort Nnrfolk, 
] IBO; NaiuMMuoiiil River. Va., 161; Cliickaboniiny River, Va., 162; Appomattox 
I Biv«r, V»., 163; iutiiud water route from Norfolk, Va., to Albemarlo Sound. N.C., 
L through (J 11 rrl til CI k Sound, ttl4; Noitb Landing River, Va. and N. C, 165; reinov- 
ioKSiiakoa vemula or craft ubHtrucCiug or euduiigoring uavigatiuu, exaiiiiuatioo, 

K riiASQi: op BtAj. W. S. SrAm'ox, Corps op Ekginbf.rs — 

Uentna Rlrcr, Va.,llX>; Ronnoke Rivor.N. C, 107; Pnaqnotiiuk RiTPr, N. C, tSS; 

'\. O.TaPoke Inln. N. C, 169; tlshing Crook. N, C, 170; 

1. N. C. 171:CoutBntuia Creek, N, C. Trent Xtivor, N. C, 
7'; inland waterway between Nowbem and Beaufort, 
I N. C- I N". C, 174; inland waterway bet WWII Beaufort andNnw 

~ . ir»rway betweeuNew Riveraud ^wMnsbtiro, N. C, New 

■ i-t ^Capa Kearj River, N. C. Black River, N. C, 177; 

I Cnpo i «u, I .V ihiiington, N. C. 178; Cape Fear River at and lielow 

I WilmicgUiri, S. C, XTJ; Lockwoods Polly River, N. C, 180; Vailkln Kiver, N. C. 
f (^Mirgeliiwn Harbor, S, C. ISl; Wiiiyaw Bay, S. C, 182: removing suukeuvekKda 
t ar cnUi ubatruuUii^ ot «udaU|[oriii£ uavifattan, BiamlDaliona, 1S3. 



IV CONTENTS. 

In the chahgk of Capt. Frederic V. Abbot, Corps of Engineers — 

Waocamaw Biver, N. C. and S. C, Lnmber River, N. C. and S. C, 184; Little Pedee 
River, S. C, Great Pedee River. S. C, Clark River, S. C, 185; Mingo Creek, 8. C, 
Santee River, S. C, Waterce River, S. C, 186; Congaree River, S. C, Charleston 
Harbor, S. C, 187; Ashley River, S. C, Wappoo Cut, S. C, 188; Edisto River, 8. 
C, Salkahatchie River, 8. C, Beaufort River, 8. C, removing sunken vessels or 
craft obstrnctiug or endangering navigation, 189; examination, 190. 

In the charge of Capt. O. M. Carter, Corps op Engineers — 

8avannah Harbor, Ga., 190; 8avannah River, Ga., 191; Savannah River above Au- 
gusta, Ga., 192; Darien Harbor, Ga., Altamaba River, Ga., 193; Oconee River, Ga., 
194; Ocmulgee River, Ga., 195; Brunswick Harbor, Ga., Brunswick Outer Bar, 
Ga., 196; Jekyl Creek, Ga., Cumberland Sound, Ga., 197 ; inside water route between 
Savannah, Ga., and Fernandina, Fla., removing sunken vessels or craft obstruct- 
ing or endangering navigation, examination, 198. 

In the charge of Maj. John C. Mallery and Lieut. A. M. D'Armit, Corps of 
Engineers — 

St. Johns River, Fla., 199; Upper St. .Johns River, Fla., 200; Volusia Bar, Fla., 201 
Ooklawaha River, Fla., 202; St. Augustine Harbor, Fla., Indian River, Fla., 203 
northwest entrance Key West Harbor, Fla., 204; Caloosahatchee River, Fla., 205 
Charlotte Harbor and Pease Creek, Fla., 206; Sarasota Bay, Fla., Manatee River, 
Fla., 207; Tampa Bay, Fla., 208; Withlacoochee River, Fla., harbor at Cedar 
Keys, Fla., 209; Suwanee River, Fla., 210; examination, 211. 

In the charge of Capt. Phillip M. Price, Corps of Engineers — 

Apalachicola Bay, Fla., 211; Apalachicola River, the Cut-off, and Lower Chipola 
River, Fla., 212; Flint River, Ga., 213; Chattahoochee River, Ga. and Ala., 215: 
La Grange Bayou and Holmes River, Fla., 217; Choctawhatcliee River, Fla. ana 
Ala., 218; harbor at Pensacola, Fla., 219; Escambia and Conecuh rivers, Fla. and 
Ala., 221; Alabama River, Ala., 222; Tallapoosa River, Ala., 223; Coosa River, 
Ga. and Ala., 224; operating and care of canals and other works of navigation on 
Coosa River, Ga. and Ala., Cahaba River, Ala., 226; examinations, 228. 

In the charge of Maj. A. N. Damrell, Corps of Engineers — 

Mobile Harbor, Ala., 228; Black Warrior River, Ala., from Tuscaloosa to Daniels Creek, 
229; Warrior and Tombigbee rivers, Ala. and Miss., 230; Noxubee River, Miss., Pas- 
cagoula River, Miss., 232; Chickasahay River, Miss., 233; Bluif Creek, Miss., 
Leaf River, Miss., harbor at Biloxi, Miss., 23'!; Pearl River below Jackson, Miss., 
Pearl River between Carthage and Jackson, Miss., 235; Pearl River between 
Edinburg and Carthage, Miss., 236; Bo^ue Chitto, La., removing sunken vessels 
or craft obstnicting or endangering navigation, examinations, 237. 

In the charge of Maj. James B. Quinn, Corps of Engineers — 

Inspection of the improvement of the South Pass of the Mississippi River, 238; Che- 
functe River andBogueFalia, La., 239; Tickfaw River and its tributaries. La., 240; 
Amite River and Bayou Manchac, La., 241; Bayou Lafourche, La., 242; Bayou Terre- 
bone. La., Bayou Plaquemino, Grand River, and Pigeon Bayou, La., 243; Bayou 
Courtableau, La., 244; Baj'^ou Teche, La., connecting Bayou Teche with Grand 
Lake at Charenton, La., 245; channel, bay, and passes of Bayou Vermillion, La., 
Mermentau River and tributaries. La., 246; mouth of passes of Calciisieu Kiver, 
La., 247; harbor at Sabine Pass, Tex., 248; Sabine River, Tex., 249; Neches River, 
Tex., removing sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endangering navigation, 
250; examinations, 251. 

In the charge of Capt. John Mimjs, Corps of Engineers— 
Securing mouth of Bayou Plaquemine, La., from further raving, 252, 

In the charc^e of Ma.t. A. M. Miller, Corps of Engineers — 




CONTENTS. V 

WESTERN RIVERS. 

Ik the chasgk of Capt. J. H. Wili^rd, Cokps of Enoinrkrs — ' 

Red River, La. and Ark., 258; Red River above Fulton, Ark., 260; Onachita and 
Black rivers, Ark. and La., Bayous D^Arboune and Comej', La^ 261; Bayou 
Bartholomew, La. and Ark., 262; Bcpuf River, La., Tensas River and Bayou Ma^on, 
La., 263; Big Black River, Miss., Yazoo River, Miss., 264; mouth of Yazoo River, 
Miss., 265; 'Fchula Lake, Miss., Tallahatchee River, Miss., 266; Steele and Wash- 
ington bayous, Miss., 267; Big Sunflower River, Miss., 268; Bi^ Hatchee River, 
Tenn., Forked Deer River, Tenn., water gauges on MisHissinpi River and its princi- 
pal tributaries, 269 ; survey of Cypress Bayou and the lakes between Jeli'erson, 
Tex. and Shreveport, La., examinations, 271. 

In the chargk of Cait. H. S. Taker, Corps of Engineers— 

Bemoving obstructions in Arkansas River, improving Arkansas River, 272; Fourrhe 
Le Fevre River, Ark., 274; Petit Jean River, Ark., Whito River, Ark.. 275; Cache 
River, Ark., Little Red River, Ark., 276; Blacrk River, Ark. and Mo., Black River, 
Mo., 277; St. Francis River, Ark., St. Francis River, Mo., 278; Little River, Mo., 
removing sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endangering navigation, examina- 
tions, 279. 

In the charge of Capt. S. W. Roessler, Corps of Engineep^s — 
Examinations of Memphis Harbor and Wolf River, Tenn., 280. 

In the charge Maj. Charles J. Aixen, Corps of Engineers — 

Bemoving sna^^s and wrecks from Mississippi Rivor, 280; MissiRsippi River between 
Ohio and Missouri rivers, 281; harbor at St. LouiH, Mo., 282; Gasconade Rivor, 
Mo., Osage River, Mo., 283; Kaskaskia River, 111., 284. 

In the charge of Maj. A. Mackenzie, Corps of Engineers— 

Operatini^ snag boats and dredge boats on Upper Mississippi River, improving Mis- 
sissippi River between Missonri River and Minneapolis, 285; Des Moines Rapids, 
Mississippi River, 286; operating and care of Des Moines Rapids Canal and Dry 
Dock, examinations, 287. 

In ths charge of Maj. W. A. Jones, Corps of Engineers — 

Mississippi River above Falls of St. Anthony, Minn., 288; reservoirs at headwaters 
of Mississippi River, 289; Chippewa River, including Yellow Banks, Wis., 290; 
"St. Croix River, Wis. and Minn., 291; Minnesota River, Minn., 292; Red River of 
tlie North, Biinn. and N. Dak., 293; gauging Mississippi River at or near St. Paul, 
Minn., 29<4. 

In the Charge of Lieut. Col. Chas. R. Sutbr, Corps of Engineers — 
Examination of Kansas River, Eans., 294. 

In the charge of Capt. Harry F. Hodges, Corps of Engineers — 

Missouri River between the Great Falls, Mont., and Sioux City, Iowa, 29.5; removal 
of snags and other obstructions in Missouri River above Sioux (Mty, luwn, 29(); 
examination of Missouri River between Three Forks and Canyon Ferry, Mont., 
Yellowstone River, Mont, and N. Dak., examination, 297. 

In the charge of Capt. John Biddle, Corps of Engineers — 

Obion River, Tenn.^ Tennessee River above Chattanooga, Tenn., 208; Tennessee 
River below Bee Tree Shoals, Ala., 300; Hiwassee River, Tenn., French Broad 
River, Tenn., 301: Little Pigeon River, Tenn., 302; Clinch River, Tenn., 303; Cum- 
berland River below Nashville, Tenn., 30^1; (himberland River above Nashville, 
Tenn., 305; Cnniberland River above mouth of the Jellico, Ky., Caney Fork River, 
Tenn., 306; examinations^ SQl. 



VI CONTENTS. 

In the Charge op Capt. George W. Goethals, Corps of Eitgikebbs— 

Tenneesee Kiver between Chattanooga, Tonn., and foot of Bee Tree Shoals, Ala., 
308; operating and care of Muscle Shoals Canal, Tennessee Hiver, 310. 

In the charge op Lieut. Col. Amos Stickney, Corps of Engineers— 

Ohio River, 310: operating snag boat on Ohio River, operating and oare of Davis 
Island Dum, Ohio Kiver, Pa., 312; movable dam in Ohio River below mouth of 
Beaver River, Pa., Mouongahela River, W. Va. and Pa., 313; operating and care of 
Locks and Dams Nos. 8 and 9, Monongahela River, purchoee of Lock and Dam No. 
7, Monongahela River, purchase of Lock and Dam No. 6, Monongahela River, 314; 
Cheat River, W. Va., Allegheny River, Pa., 315; dam at Herr Island, Allegheny 
River, Pa., ice harbor at mouth of Muskingum River, Ohio, 316 ; Muskingum River, 
Ohio, operating and care of locks and dams on Muskingum River, Ohio, 317; ex- 
aminations, 31o. 

In tiie charge of Lieut. Col. G. J. Lydecker, Corps op Engineers— 

Falls of the Ohio River, at Louisville, K;r., 320; Indiana Chute, Falls of the Ohio 
River, 321 ; operating and care of Louisville and Portland Canal, Ky ., Wabash 
River, Ind., and 111. 322; White River, Ind., 323; examinations, 324. 

In the charge of Col. William P. Craighill, Corps of Engineers — 

Great Kanawha River, W. Va., 324; operating and care of locks and dams on Grent 
Kanawha River, W. Va., Elk River, W. Va., 326; Gauley River, W. Va., 327; New 
River, Va. and W. Va., 328. 

In the charge op Ma*. D. W. Lockwood, Corps of Engineers— 

Tradewater River, Ky., Lock No. 2, Green River, at Rumsey, Ky., Green River above 
mouth of Big Barren River, Ky., 329; operating and care of locks and dams on 
Green and Barren rivers, Ky., Rough River, Ky., 330; Kentucky River, Ky., 331; 
operating and care of locks and dams on Kentucky River, Ky., Licking River, Ky., 
between Farmers and West Liberty, Big Sandy River, W. Va. and Ky., 332 ; Levisa 
Fork of Big Sandy River, Ky., Tug Fork of Big Sandy River, W. Va. and Ky., 333: 
Gayandotte River, W. Va., Little Kanawha River, W. Va., 334; oi)eratiuff and 
care of lock and dam on Little Kanawha River, W. Va., Buckhannon Kiver, W. Va., 
examinations, 335. 

LAKE HARBORS AND RIVERS. 

In the charge of Maj. Clinton B. Sears, Corps of Engineers — 

Uar])or at Grand Marais, Minn., harbor at Agate Bay, Minn., 336; harbor at 
Duluth, Minn., 337; harbor at Superior Bay and St. Louis Bay, Wis., 338; Minne- 
sota Point, at Superior, Wis., 339; harbor at Ashland, Wis., harbor at Ontonagon, 
Mich., 340; Eagle Harbor, Mich., waterway from Keweenaw Bay to Lake Supe- 
rior, via Portage Lake and River, Mich., 341; operating and care of waterway 
from Keweenaw Bay to Lake Superior, via Portage Lake and River, Mich., har- 
bor at Marquette, Mich., 342; harbor of refuge at Grand Marais, Mich., 343; 
examination, 344. 

In the charge of Maj. James F. Gregory, Corps of Engineers — 

Manistique Harbor, Mich., 344^ Cedar River Harbor, Mich., Menominee Harbor, 
Mich, and Wis., 345; Menominee River, Mich, and Wis., Oconto Harbor, Wis., 
346; Pensaukoe Harbor, Wis., Green Bay Harbor, Wis., 347; Sturgeon Bay and 
Lake Michigan Canal, Wis., S48; operating and care of Sturgeon Bay and Lake 
Michigan Canal, Wis., harbor of refuge at eastern entrance of Sturgeon Bay and 
Lake Michigan Canal, Wis., 349; Annapee Harbor, Wis., Kewaunee Harbor, 
Wis., 350; Two Rivers Harbor, Wis., 351; Manitowoc Harbor, Wis., Sheboygan 
Harbor, Wis., 352; Port Washington Harbor, Wis., harbor of refuge at MUwan- 
kee Bay, Wis., 353; Milwaukee Harbor, Wis., 354; Racine Harbor, Wis., Keno- 
sha Harbor, Wis., 355; Wjiukegan Harbor, 111., 356; Fox River, Wis., 357; operat- 
ing and care of locks and dams on Fox River, Wis., removing sunken veaseli or 
craft obstructing or endangering navigation, 358 ; examinations, 359. 



CONTENTS. VII 

In the charge of Capt. W. L. Marshall, Corps op EyoiNEER55 — 

Chioago Harbor, III., 359; Caliimot Harbor, III., Calumet River, 111. and Ind., 3Cl; 
Illinois River, 111., 362; operating and care of La Grange Lock and Dam, lUinoiu 
River, III., Illinois and Mississippi Canal, 111., 304; examinations, 305. 

In the charge op Maj. William Ludlow, Corps op Excuneers — 

M]chi£!:an City Harbor, Ind., 366; St. Joseph Harbor, Mich., 368; St. Joseph River, 
Mich., 369; South Haven Harbor, Mich., Saugatnck Harbor, Mich., 370; Holland 
(Black Lake) Harbor, Mich., 371; Grand Haven Harbor, Mich., 372; Muskegon 
Harbor, Mich., 373; White Lake Harbor, Mich., 374; Pentwater Harbor, Midi., 
Ludin^ton Harbor,- Mich., 375; Manistee Harbor, Mich., 376; harbor of refuge at 
Portage Lake, Manistee County, Mich., 377; Frankfort Harbor, Mich., Charlevoix 
Harbor and entrance to Pine Lake, Mich., 378; Petoskey Harbor, Mich., 379; Che- 
boygan Harbor, Mich., 380; Thunder Bay Harbor, Mich., Alpena Harbor (Thunder 
Bay Hiver), Mich., 381; Saginaw River, Mich., 382; harbor ofrefuge at Sand Beach, 
Lake Huron, Mich., 384; Black River at Port Huron, Mich., 385; mouth of Black 
Rivor, Mich., Clinton River, Mich., 3^6; Rouge River, .Mich., 387; turning basin 
in Ronge River, Mich., examinations, 388. 

In the charge of Col. O. M. Pok, Corps of Engineers — 

Ship channel connecting the waters of the Great Lakes between Chicago, Dnluth, 
and Bnfiaio, 389; operating and care of St. Marys Falls Canal, Mich., St. Marys 
River at the Falls, Mich., 390; Hay Lake Channel, St. Marys River, Mich., 391 ; St. 
Clair Flats Canal, Mich., 392; operating and care of St. Clair Flats Canal, Mich., 
Grossepoint Channel, Mich., Detroit River, Mich., 393 ; investigation of raft towing 
on tiie Great Lakes, 394. 

ly THE CHARGE OF LlEUT. COL. JaRED A. SMITH, CORPS OF ENGINEERS — 

Monroe Harbor, Mich., Toledo Harbor, Ohio, 395 ; Port Clinton Harbor, Ohio, 396; San- 
dusky Harbor, Ohio, 397; Sandusky River, Ohio, Huron Harbor, Ohio, 398: V^ermil- 
lion Harbor, Ohio, 399; Black River Harbor, Ohio, Cleveland Harbor, Oliio, 400; 
Fairport Harbor, Ohio, 401; Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio, 402;Conneaut Harbor, Ohio, 
i03 ; removing sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endangering navigation, 404. 

In the CHARGE OF Maj. E. H. Kuffner, Corps of Engineers — 

Erie Harbor, Pa., 404; Presque Isle Peninsula, Erie Harbor, Pa., Dunkirk Harbor, N. 
Y., 405; Bnffalo Harbor, N. Y., 406; Tonawanda Harbor and Niagara River, N. Y., 
Niagara Rivor from Tonawanda. to Port Day (Niagara Falls), N. Y., 407; Wilson 
Harbor, N. Y., Olcott Harbor, N. Y., Oak Orchard Harbor, N. Y.. 408; examina- 
tion, 409. 

In thb charge of Capt. Dan C. Kingman, Corps of Engineers — 

Charlotte Harbor, N. Y., 409; PultnevAille Harbor, N. Y., 410; harbor at Great Sodus 
Bay, N. Y., 411 ; harbar at Little Sodus Bay, N. Y., Oswego Harbor, N. Y., 412 ; har- 
bor at Sacketts Harbor, N. Y., examination, 414. 

Ik the charge of Capt. Smith S. Leach, Corps of Engineers— 

Shoals l^etween Sister Islands and Cross-over liight, St. Lawrence River, N. Y., Og- 
densburg Harbor, N. Y., 415; breakwater at Rouse Point, Lake Champlain, N. Y., 
Great Chazy River, N. Y., 416; Plattsburg Harbor, N. Y., Burlington Harbcu-. Vt., 
Otter Creek, Vt., 417; Ticonderoga River, N. Y., narrows of Lake Chainidain, \. 
Y. and Yt., 418, breakwater construction in Lake Champlain, examinations, 419. 

PACIFIC COAST. 

In the cnAROR of Col. G. H. Mkndkll, Corps of Engineers — 
Oakland Harbor, Cal., 419; examination, 420. 

In the charge of Lieut. Col. W. H. H. Bknyaurd, Corps of Engineers — 

Nftpa River, Cal., Redwood Creek, Cal., 421; San Luis Obispo Harbor, Cal., 422; 
Wilmington Harbor, Cal., 423; Sau Diego Harbor, Cal., Colorado and Gila rivers 
at Ynma^ Aiiz., 424; examinatiouH, 425. 



VIII CONTENTS. 

In thk cnARGR of Maj. W. H. Heuer, Corps of Engineers — 

San Jo:iquin Kivcr, Cal., 426; Makeliinine Kivor, Cal., 427; Sacramouto and Feather 
rivers, Cal., 428; Pctalama Creek, Cal., Hiuaboldt Uarbor and Bay, Cal., 429; 
examinations, 431. 

In the charge of Capt. Tiiomas W. Symons, Corps of Enginkbrs — 

Coqnille River, Oregon, 432; Coquille River, Oregon, between Coquille City and 
Myrtle Point, 433; entrance to Coos Bay and Harbor, Oregon, 434; Umpqna Kiver, 
Oregon, mouth of Sinslaw River, Oregon, 435 : Yatjuina Bay, Oregon, 436; Tillamook 
Bay and Bar, Oregon, entrance to Nehalem Bay, Oregon, 437 : Upper Snake River, 
Idaho, between Huntington Bridge and Seven Devils mining district. Upper Co- 
lumbia and Sn<ike rivers, Oregon and Wash., 438; Columbia Kiver, between head 
of Rock Island Rapids and foot of Priest Rapids, Wash., 439; survey of Columbia 
River from the international boundary line to Rock Island Rapids, Wash., 440: 
Kasel Kiver, Wash., Willapa River and Harbor, Wash., 441; Grays Harbor ana 
Chehalis River, Wash., Chehalis River, Wash., 442; Harbor at Olympia, Waah., 
Swinoniish iSlough, Wash., 443; Puget Sound and its tributary waters, Wash., ex- 
aminations, 444. 

In the charge of Maj. Thos. H. Handbury, Corps of Engineers — 

Mouth of Columbia River, Oregon and Wash., 447; Columbia River, between Van- 
couver, Wash., and mouth of Willamette River, 449; canal at the Cascades, 
Columbia River, Oregon, 450; Columbia and Lower Willamette rivers below Port- 
land. Oregon, 452; Willamette River above Portland, Orejjon, 455; Cowlitz River, 
Wasli., Youugs and Klaskuine rivers, Oregon, 456; gauging waters of Columbia, 
River, Oregon and Wash., examinations, 457. 

EXAMINATIONS, SURVEYS, AND CONTINGENCIES OF RIVERS AND 

HARBORS 459 

SUPERVISION OF THE HARBOR OF NEW YORK 459 

MISSISSIPPI RIVER COMMISSION 459 

MISSOURI KIVER COMMISSION 460 

CALIFOIiNIA DfiBRIS COMMISSION 460 

HARBOR LINES 461 

Shaws Cove, New London Harbor, Conn., Bridgciport Harbor, Conn., New York Har- 
bor and its ad^jacent waters, 461; Savannah River in vicinity of quarantine ETtaiion 
near Fort Pulaski, Savannah, Ga., AUouoz Bay, near Superior, Wis., Oconto Har- 
bor, Wis., Milwaukee River, Milwaukee, Wis., Black River at Port Huron, Mich., 
St. Marys River at Sault St<^ Marie, Mich., Detroit, Mich., Oswego, N. Y., ports in 
tbe Stale of Washington, 462; Columbia River (Youngs Bay) at Flavel, Oregon, 
463. 

BRIDGING NAVIGABLE WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES. 

(1) Bridge of Marietta and North Georgia Railway Company across Tennessee River 
at Knoxville, Tenn., 463; (2) bridge of the St. Paul, Minneapolis and Manitoba 
Railway Company across Columbia River, Washington, (3) bridge of the Chesa- 
peake and Ohio Railroad Company across Big Sandy Kiver at Catlettsburg, Ky., (4) 
bridge of tlic Newport and Cincinnati Bridge Company across Ohio River at Cincin- 
nati, (5) bridge of the West Elizabeth Bridge Company across Monongahela River 
at Elizabeth, Pa., (6) bridge of the Florida Central and Peninsular Railroad Com- 

Sany across St. Marys River, Georgia, and Florida, 461 ; (7) bridge of the Southern 
ridge and Railway Company across Mississippi Kiver above New Orleans, La., (8) 
bridge of the Occidental Bridge andConstnictionCom])any across Missouri River 
at St. Charles, Mo., (0) bridge of the Omaha Bridge and Terminal Railway Com- 
pany across Missouri Kiver between Council Blutt's. Iowa, and East Omaha, Nebr., 
(10) bridge of tbe LitchHeld, Carollt<m and Western Railroad Company acroBs 
Illinois Kiver at Colnmbjaua,lll.,(ll)bridgeofthe Homestead and Pittsburgh Bridge 
Company across Mon(mga1iela Kiver betwopn Pittslnirg and Homestead, Pa., (12) 
bridge of the Natchitoches Cauo River Bridge Company across Cane liiver at 



MKi'.onL«si.>iin-i 



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--.u. ,!ii.n|iiLii l;iki.r al GnrwuOti 

. . Till., ai'iosH SarrniiKinto River at 

.. I, ItL.ncruuBsouthbriuiohol'Cltiottgu 

I tb« Wilmlugtou, Unlumhia nnd 

,. I-..-.- 1.11 I,'.: L i;[viT, Korth (^Btiilinn, (2H) brldcra of 
,11 LuTiijiiiiiy ui:ro«i CliitrleH Bivor in BobUhi aiid Cniil- 
thv I'ity ol Kew York ucrosii Ilurlem Bivar, Nnw 
,, (30) trHlgB of tlip t'liioHgu uuU Nwrtliera Pntlfio 
ml Turk uf sutitli Lirunib otClik'HKu Blvur. in Chi- 
. I'^ii^t. Kiviir ISiiilKc t.Viiiiiiiii.v B.'P'(iB Kast RivorjNew" 
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i ■ r the Horida 



r Wli. 



Mlob., amiBfl Miinliogim l.nUc (3e)lKi.l. 
om MuRkcgun liivcr, Ae»; (37) brhl^;. 
u Rivor atlTiird avomio, (38) briilec ..r 
furl: of MokelumnoRivwatNew Hiiiii' i 

'■'■■ I ''I'loiMiiiyucniaii UtituU Kills ( i^ ■ ! 

■ '"i-e of tbn h^vn anil Uoatou K.ri 
■i.ias., (II) bndge of tlieoity of \i 
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.'lliMiiiK 1»hLii').C)ii>rlesloul[ni-l.... 



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(43) 



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..1 i . ■ I- tiailwtty Cumii!>i>y .. _. 

■' .ili.ni Uivur Nnd I'orti'lieHT^r liailrond 

Farms, N. y., («) bridge of the 

i.\ Comptiny across St. JotiiiH Siver 

ill! l>i jil^o of tlie Labadleville Bridge Cum- 

I ; . lie uf L;ili:idic,ville, La., (*7) bridge of the Napol«un- 

' <ii>' acTosB Uiiyou Lafourche at NapoleoDTillci, La., (48) 

I iitid Aiigiiatn Railroad Company ncrosB Bantew Kiver, 

. ..itl] of Congnreo Kiver. (jeotjtia, (W) bridge of Orniiga 

l'.iviiii, Fit.i.iif ti niilfH abovo ItB oonflnencB with 8alilne 

1 I'- Mj i;m<L'. Coiiipatiy Across Allfghany Biver At 

I .. I'. <if Boston, MiisB.,acroaB t''ott Point 

' ' . . ii V '>f Uilwunkve, Wir., across North 

■ - . .. . . ..I, ■.. I'ikIkh of the city of Milwaukee, 'Wia^ 

II ■ lull Hirti't, (54) bridge of Kiiox County. Ttnn., 

.1 i-rry, iiear Kiioxville, (551 bridge of tbu Jack- 

' I . . . ' I illway Coiupauy across MoGirls Creuk, Uuvnl 

I 1. I^s.inville, TMmpa and Key West KailwHy Coiu- 

i Ir. < t-y.Fla,,«Oi (57) bridge ofUieJiiPkBoriville, 

i.'inir UttilwayCompBijyacroea St. Lari« River, Fl'iridu, 
ville, St. AOBUstine upd Indian River Railway Conmaiiy 
I I'lit. (59) bridge of the Louisville and Nashville RaiLruitd 
> River at Frankfort, Ky., (60) bridge of the Uhioaco 
.1 .ly Cnmpnny acrosa St. Josupb River, Miuhlgaii, near Its 
■PI ibu Pittaburg, Fort Waype and Cliicago Railrijail Coni- 
Ir III' Chicago River near Ninelcenth atreet, t'hicago, III., 
iiid County, Me., acroHs mouth of Fore River, IVnlliiud 

II .\a«tavi]la, Chattanooga aad St. Louis Railway t'otnpany 

.^i lit .lohneoii ville, Tci.ii.,472: (U4) briitgn of Mc.bilu County, 
ii}o Ute<<k. (05J bridge of the city of Frankfurt aud oouul^ of 
IS Kentucky Riror, 173. 



X CONTENTS. 

BEIDGES OBSTRUCTING NAVIGATION. 

(1) Bridge across BalFalo Bayou, near Honston, Tex., (2) bridge aorosB Dickfauon 
Bayou, Texas, 473; (3) bridge across Fore River, Portland Harbor, Maine, (4) 
bridge across Honsatouic River, between Stratford and Milibrd, Conn., (5) bridijge 
across Sakonnet River at Tiverton, R. I., 474. 

OCCUPANCY OF AND INJURY TO PUBLIC WORKS BY CORPORATIONS 

AND INDIVIDUALS 475 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 

In this CHATtGE OF CoL. Georgb H. Elliot, Corps of Engineers — 

W^ashington Aqueduct, 475; increasing tbe water supply of Washington, D. C, 478; 
erection of fish ways at Great Falls, 479. 

PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS AND WASHINGTON MONUMENT, 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

In thr charge of Col. John M. Wilson, Lieut. Col., Corps of Engi- 
neers 480 

NORTHERN AND NORTHWESTERN LAKES. 

Surveys, 481 ; correcting engraved plates, printing and issuing of charts, 483. Sur- 
veys: St. Marys River from White Fish Bay to Detour light-house, Seneca Shoal^ 
Lake Erie, diHcharges of Niagara River, resurvey of the lake front at Chicago, 
shoal at the month of the Niagara River, 484 ; St. Lawrence River, 485. Esti- 
mates, water levels, 486. 

CONSTRUCTION AND IMPROVEMENT OF ROADS AND BRIDGES IN YEL- 
LOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK. 

In the charge of Ma.t. William A. Jones, Coups of Engineers 486 

MILITARY AND OTHER MAPS 488 

RECONNAISSANCES AND EXPLORATIONS. * 

OFFirRRS on duty at hoiulqimrters of military departments, operations in Depart- 
meiit of the MiHSouri, 488 ; opt; rations in DcpartDieut of the Cohimhiii, Depart- 
ment of the Platte, Department of California, 489. 

ESTIMATES FOR AMOUNTS REQUIRED FOR STTRVEYS AND RECONNAIS- 
SANCKS IN MILITARY DEPARTMENTS, AND FOR MAPS, INCLUSIVE OF 
WAR MAPS 488 

OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS. 
Officers in charge of divisions, 490. 

STATEMENT SHOWING RANK AND DUTIES OF OFFICERS OF THE CORPS 
OF ENGINEERS DURING THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 80, 1803.. 481 

LAWS AFFECTING THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS, FIFTY-SECOND CONGEESS, 

SECOND SESSION, 1892-'a3 618 



G0NTE19T& XI 



POETIPI0ATION8, ETC. 
APPENDIX No. 1. 

REPORT OF LIEUT. COL. G. L. GILLESPIE, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Construction of gnn aod mortar batteries, New York Harbor, 600; guu-lii't battery 
No. 1, 607 ; coDstraction of torpedo shed, New York Harbor, 617. 

APPENDIX No. 2. 

REPORT OF COL. G. H. MENDELL, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Construction of gun and mortar batteries, San Francisco Harbor, Cal., 619; mortar 
battery No. 1, 622. 

APPENDIX No. 3. 
REPORT OF LIEUT. COL. W. H. H. BENYAURD, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 
Construction of mining casemate, San Francisco Harbor, Cal., 623. 

APPENDIX No. 4. 
REPORT OF CAPT. DAN C. KINGMAN, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 
Protection of the site of Fort Niagara, N. Y., 625. 

APPENDIX No. 5. 
REPORT OF LIEUT. COL. HENRY M. ROBERT, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Impboykicents. — Sea wall and embankment at Davids Island, New York Harbor, 
629; sea walls on Governors Island, New York Harbor, 631. 

APPENDIX No. 6. 

REPORT OF MAJOR CHAS. E. L. B. DAVIS, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

IifPROVRMRNTS. — Water snpply at Fort Monroe, Va., 635; sewerage system at Fort 
^ Monroe, Va., 642. 

APPENDIX NO. 7. 

REPORT OF LIEUT. COL. W. R. KING, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Post of Willets Point, New York Harbor, 647 ; United States Engineer School, Battal- 
lion of Engineers^ 649; Engineer depot, 654; experiments, 656; statement of funds, 
657: new appropriations, estimates, 659. Appendixes : (A) programme of study 
and instrootion for summer season, May-November, 1892, 660; (B) programme of 
stady and instruction for "w inter season, December, 1892, to May, 1893, 662; (C) pro- 
gramme of study and instructions for summer season, June-November, 1893, 665. 



XII , CONTENTS. 

RIVERS AND HARBORS, BTO. 

APPENDIX A. 

REPORT OF LIEUT. COL. PETER C. HAINS, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Improvements. — St. Croix River, Me., 670; Lubec Channel, Me., 671: MoosaVec Bar, 
Me., 673; Narragnagus River, Me., 674; breakwater from Mount Desert toPorou- 

Sine Island, Bar Harbor, Me., 676; Bagaduce River, Me., 681; Penobscot River, 
[e., 682: Belfast Harbor, Me., 687; Camden Harbor, Me., 689; Rockland Harbor, 
Me., 691; Konnebec River, Me., 693; Harrasoeket River, Me., 699: Portland Har- 
bor, Me., 701; Channel in Back Cove, Portland, Me., 705: Saco River, Me., 70S; 
Kenn^bnuk River, Me., 712; York Harbor, Me., 714; Bellamy River, N. H., 716; 
Cocheco River, N. H., 717; harbor of refuge at Little Harbor, N. H., 719; remov- 
ing sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endangering navigation, 722. 
Examinations.— Channel near Hardy s Point, below Pembroke, Me., 722; Soutli 
Fork of Bagaduce River, Me., 724; Vinal llaven, or Carver Harbor, Me., 725; 
Lincoluville (Duck I'rap) Harbor, Me., 727; Frenchs Beach Harbor, Me., 728; 
Rockland Harbor, Me., 729: Owls Head Harbor, Me., 730; Tenant Harbor, Me., 
732; Oeorges River, Me., 734; channel on south side of Portland Harbor^ Me., 735. 

APPENDIX B. 

REPORT OF LIEUT. COL. S. M. MANSFIELD, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Improvements. — Newburyport Harbor, Mass., 739; Merrimac River, Ma88., 742; 
Powow River, Mass., 745; Ipswich River, Mass., 746; Essex River, Mass., 747; 
harbor of refuge, Sandy Bay, Capo Ann, Mass., 748; Gloucester Harbor, Mass., 
751; Manchester Harbor, Mass., 754; Salem Harbor, Mass., 756; Lynn Harbor, 
Mass., 758; Winthrop Harbor, Msuss., 761; Mystic and Maiden rivers, Mass., 762; 
Boston Har]>or, Mass., 763; \V(\vmouth River, Mass., 773; Hiugham Harbor, Mass., 
774; Scituate Harbor, Mass., 776; Plymouth Harbor, Mass., 778; Kingston Har- 
bor, Mass., 781; Welltleet Harbor, Mass., 782; Provincetown Harbor, Mass., 784; 
Chatham Harbor, Mass., 786. 

Examinations. — Gloucester Harbor, Mass., 787; Vincent Cove, Gloucester Harbor, 
Mass., 788; Saugus River, Mass., 789; Chelsea River, Mass., 790; East Boston 
Channel, Mass., 793; Neponsot River, Mass., 800. 

APPENDIX 0. 

REPORT OF CAPT. W. H. BIX BY, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Improvkmknts. — Harbor of refuge at Hyaunis, Mass., 804; harbor of refuge at Nan- 
tucket, Mass., 806: Marthas Vineyard inner harbor at Edgartown, ^las8., 809; 
harbor at Vineyard llaven, Mass., 811: Wareham Harbor, Mass., 813; New Bed- 
ford Harbor, Mass., H15: We8t]M)rt Harbor, Mass., 818; Cauai)itsit Channel, Mass., 
820; Taunton River, Mass., '822; Pawtucket River, R. I., 828; Providence River 




Stoning- 

ton. Conn., 847; removing sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endangering 
navigation, 849. 
Examinations.— Woods HoU, Mass., 860; Tarpauliu Cove, Naushon Island, MasA.. 




880; Stouington Harbor and its entrance. Conn., 801. 



CONTENTS. XIII 

APPENDIX D. 

REPORT OP LIEUT. COL. HENRY M. ROBERT, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Improvkments. — ^Mystic River, Conn., 898; TliamcB River, Conn., 901; Conuocticut 
River, Mass. and Conn., 90(>; harlior of refii|>;e at I)u<:k iHlnnd Harbor, Conn., 
91i; Clinton Harbor, Conn., 917; New Haven Harbor, (^onn., 919; breakwaters at 
New Haven, Conn., 924; Milford Harbor, Conn., 929; HouHatonic River, Conn., 
^&2; Bridgeport Harbor, Conn., 937; Black Rock Harbor, Conn., 942; Saii^atuck 
River, Conn., 945; Norwalk Harbor, Conn., 948; Wilson Point Harbor, i^onn., 
^; Five Mile River Harbor, Conn., 952; {Stamford Harbor, Conn., 9i>4; Harbor 
at Cos Cob and Miamns LMver, Conn., 958; I^ort Chester Harbor, N. Y., 960; 
Larchinout Harbor, N. Y., 963; Jbast Chester Creek, N. Y., 965: Greonport Harbor, 
N. Y., 969; Port Jefferson Harbor, N. Y., 971 ; Huntington Harbor, N. Y., 975; (ileu 
Cove Harbor, N. Y., 978: Flushing Bay, N. Y., 980; Patchogue River, N. Y., 983; 
Browns Creek^ Sayville, N. Y., 986. 

Examinations. — Wesport Harbor, Conn., 990; Norwalk Harbor, Conn., 091; Ber- 
rians Creek, Long Island, N. Y., 993; Southold Harbor, Long Isbind, N. Y., 996. 

Harbor Lines. — Snaws Cove, New London Harbor, Conn., 997; Bridgeport Harbor, 
Conn., 998. 

APPENDIX E. 
REPORT OF LIEUT. COL. G. L. GILLESPIE, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 




Examinations. — Fort Pond Bay, N. Y., 1077; cJiannel west of Kobbins Reef Light- 
house to connect the mouth or Arthur Kill witli New York Harbor, N. Y., 1083. 
Harbor Lines. — New York Harbor and its adjacent waters, 1085. 

APPENDIX F. 

REPORT OF CAPT. THOS. L. CASEY, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Improvkments. — Sumnawanusjnlet, N. Y., 1100; Canarsie Bay, N. Y., 1101; Sheepjw 
head Bay, N. Y., 1103;, Arthur Kill, N. Y.and N. J., 1104; channel between Stateu 
Island and New Jersey, 1106; Passaic River, N. J., 1108; Elizabeth River, N. J., 
1713; Rahway River, N. J., 1115; Raritan River, N. J., lUG; South River, N. J., 
1120; Keyport Harl)or, N. J., 1123; Mattawau Creek, N, J., 1125; Shoal Harbor 
and Conipton Creek, N, J., 1128; Shrewsbury River, N. J., 1130; Manasquau 
(Sqnan) River, N. J., 1133. 

Examinations. — Seaford Creek. Long Island, N. Y., 1134; channel connecting Free- 
port with Great S«uth Bay, N. Y., 1136; Whale Creek, N. J., 1138. 



PART II. 

APPENDIX G. 
REPORT OF MAJOR C. W. RAYMOND, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

iBfPROVEMENTS. — ^Delaware River, N. J. and Pa., 1142; harbor between Philadel- 
phia, Pa., and Camden, N. J., 1152; Schuylkill River, Pa., 110 1 ; ice harbor at Mar- 
cus Hook, Pa., 1168; ice harbor at head of Delaware Bay, Dol.j 11G9; construction 
of iron pier in Delaware Bay, near Lewes, Del., 1170; Delaware lireakwater, Del., 
1172; Rancocas River, N. J., 1174; Alloway Creek, N. J., 1176; Salem River, N. J., 
1178; Goshen Creek, N. J., 1180; removing sunken vessels or craft obstmcting or 
endangering navigation, 1182. 

EXAMINATIONB. — ^Barnegat Inlet, N. J., 1185; Dennis Creek, N. J., 1187; Cooper 
Creek, N. J., 1189. 



XIV CONTENTS. 

APPENDIX H. 

REPORT OF WM. F. SMITH, UNITED STATES AGENT, BiAJOB OP ENGI- 
NEERS, U. S. ARMY, RETIRED. 

Improvements. — '"/^ilmiiiffton Harbor, Del., 1194; ice harbor at New CastleL Del.. 
1196; AppoqniDimink Kiver, Del., 1197: Smyrna River, Del., 1198; Mnderkili 
River, Del., 1200; Mispil lion River, Del., 1201; Broadkilu River, DeL, inland water- 
way from Cbincoteagiie Bay, Va., to Delaware Bay, at or near Lewes, Del., 1^)3; 
Snsqiiebanna River above and below Havre de Qrace, Md., 1205; Northeast River, 
Md., 1206; Elk River, Md., 1207; Fairlee Creek, Md., 1210; Chester River, Md., 
from Cnimpton to Jones Landin^j^, 1211; Choptank River, Md., 1213; LaTrappe 
River, Md., 1215; Warwick River, Md., 1216; Cambridge Harl)or, Md., 1218; Broad 
Creek River, Del., 1220; Wicomico River, Md., 1222; Manokin River, Md., 1223; 
Onancock Harbor, Va., 1225; harbor and approaches at Cape Charles City, Va., 
1227 ; removing sunken vessel or craft obstructing or endangering navigation, 1228. 

ExAMiKATiONfl. — Mouth of Saint Jones River, Del., 1229; inland waterwav between 
Mispillion and Broadkiln rivers, Del., 1231; Pocomoko River, Md., wiui view of 
uniting it with Synepnxent Bay above Suow Hill, 1234; Nanticoke River. DeL, 
1236; Black Walnut Harbor, Md., 1239. 

APPENDIX I. 
REPORT OF COL. WILLIAM P. CRAIGHILL, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Improvements. — ^Patapsco River and channel to Baltimore, Md., 1243; channel to 
Curtis Bay in Patapsco Riv<^r, Baltimore Harbor, Md., 1249; James River, Y^,, 
1251 ; removing sunken vessels or craft obstr acting or endangering navigation, 
1262. 

Examination. — South and Middle branches of Patapsoo River, Baltimore, Md.. 
1262. 

APPENDIX J. 

REPORT OF MAJOR CHAS. E. L. B. DAVIS, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Improvements. — Potomac River and Anucostia River at Washington, D. C.,"1265; 




1306; Pamunkoy River, Va., 1308. 
Examinations. — Mouth of Parish Creek, Md., 1310; Wicomico River, Md., 1312; 
mouth of Little Wicomico River, Va., 1315; mouth of Morattico Creek, Va., 1317; 
mouth of Milford Haven, Va., 1319. 

APPENDIX K. 

REPORT OF LIEUTENANT EDWARD BURR, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Improvements. — Harbor of Norfolk and its approairhes, Va., 1323 ; approach to 
Norfolk Harbor and the United States Navy- Yard at Norfolk, Va., 1^; Nanse- 




sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endangering navigation, 1344. 
Examination. — Harbor at Petei-sburg and Appomattox River, Va., 1345. 



CONTENTS. XV 

APPENDIX L. 
REPORT OF MAJ. W. 8. STANTON, CORPS OP ENGINEERS. 

Improvkments. — Staunton River, Va., 1350; Koanoke River, N. C, i:i51; Paftqno- 
tank River, N. C, 1354; MackevB Creek, N. C, 1357; Ocracoke Inlet, \. C, 135i»; 
Fishing Creek, N. C, 1377; Pamlico and Tar rivern, N. C, i:^); Contontnia Crooks 
N. C, 1385: Trent River, N. C, 1387; NeuHe Kiv«?r. N. C, 1390; iulainl waterway 
between Newberu and Beaufort, N. C.j 1393: harbor at Beaufort, N. C, 1395; 
inland waterway between Beaufort and New Kiver, N. C, 1397; inland waterway 
between New River and Swansboro, N. C, 1399; New River, N. ('., 14(M); Nortli 
East (Cape Fear) River. N. C, 1403; Black River, N. (\. 1 107; Cape Fear Uiwr 
above Wilmin^on, N. C., 1411; Cape Fear River at and below Wilininjjtoii, N. 
C, 1419; Lockwoods Folly River, N. C, 1432; Yadkin River, N. ('., 14:^); (Jeorge- 
town Harbor, S. C, 1437; Winyaw Bay, S. C, 1441; reniovin;:: Hunken vessels or 
craft obstructing or endangering navigation, 1449. 

KxAMiNATiONS. — Potohuuk River, N. C., 1451; Dnrhanis Estuiiry, N. C, 1454; 
breakwater at Beaufort, N. C, 1457. 

APPENDIX M. 

REPORT OF CAPT. FREDERIC V. ABBOT, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Impbovememts. — Waccamaw River, N. C. andS. C, 1404; Lumber River, N. ('.and 
8. C.,1468; Little Pedee River, 8. C, 1471; Great Pcdee River, S. C, 1474; Chirk 
River, 8. C, 1477; Mingo Creek, 8. C, 1480; Santee River. S. C, 1483; Watered 
River, 8. C, 1488; Congaree River, 8. C, 1491; harbor at Charleston, S. C. 1495; 
Ashley River, 8. C.,1512: Wappoo Cut, 8. C, 1514; Edinto River, S. C. 1517; Sal- 
kahatcbie River, 8. C, 1522; Beaufort River, 8. C., 1524; nanoving sunken ves- 
sds or craft obstructing or endangering navigation, 1530. 

ExAMiNATiON.—Lynch River, 8. C, 1532. 

APPENDIX K 

REPORT OF CAPT. O. M. CARTER, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Improvrmknth. — Savannah Harbor, Ga., 153(5; Savannah River, Ga., 1.547; Savan- 
nah River above Augusta, Ga., 1.554; Darien Harbor, Ga., 1.556; Altaniaha River, 
Ga., 1561; OconeeRivor, Ga., 1567; Ocmulgee River, Ga., 1572; Brunswiek Harbor, 
Ga., 1578; Brunswick Outer Bar, Ga., loSi; Jekyl Creek, Ga., 1590; Cumberland 
Sound, Ga., 1593 j inside water route between Savannah, Ga., and Fernandina, 
Fla., 1604; removing sauken vessels or craft obstructing or endangering navi/4;a- 
tion, 1608. 

EXAMIXATION. — Savannah River, Ga., between Spirit Island and crossing of Charl«»s- 
ton and Savannah Railway, 1609. 

Harbor Links. — Savannah River in vicinity of quarautine statiou near Fort Pa- 
laskiy Savannah, Ga., 1610. 

APPENDIX O. 

REPORT UPON WORKS IN CHARGE OF MAJ. J. C. MALLERY AND LIEU- 
TENANT A. M. D'ARMIT, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Improvements.— St. Johns River, Fla., 1613; Upper St. Johns Kiver, Fla.. 16^16; 
Volusia Bar, FTa., 1648; Ocklawaha River, Fla., 1651; fit. An^nstino Harbor, Fla., 



1853; Indian River, Fla., 1656; northwest entrance. Koy West Harbor, Fla., 1657; 

Caloosahatohee River^ Fla^^ 16ii60; channel of Charlotte Harlior and Peas*' CrtM'k, 

55; Manatee River, Fla., 1668: Tanii>a Hay, Fla., 
1674; harbor at Cedar Keys, Fla., 1676; Suwanee 



River, Fla., 1677. 
ExAMiKATioir. — Harhor at Cape Canaveral, Fla., 1681. 



XVI CONTENTS. 

APPENDIX P. 
REPORT OP CAPT. PHILIP M. PRICE, CORPS OP ENGINEERS. 

Improvkments. — Apalachioola Bay, Fla., 1690; Apalachicola River, the Cnt-off, 
and Lower Chipola River, Fla., 1692; Flint River, 6a., 1695; Chattahoochee 
River, Oa. and Ala., 1698; La Grange Bayou and Holmes River, Fla., 1705; Choc- 
tawhatchee River, Fia. and Ala., 1706; harbor at Pensacola, 11a., 1710; Escambia 
and Conecuh rivers, Fla. and Ala., 1716; Alabama River, Ala., 1718; Tallapoosa 
River, Ala., 1723; Coosa River, Ga. and Ala., 1724; operating and care of canals 
and other works of navigation on Coosa River, Ga. and Ala., 1734 ; Cahaba River, 
Ala., 1735. 

Examinations. — Bar at mouth of Alaqua Bayon, Fla., 1738; bar at junction of 
Choctawhatchee Bay and Santa Rosa Sound, Fla., 1741. 

APPENDIX Q. 

REPORT OF MAJOR A. N DAMRELL, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Improvements. — Mobile Harbor, Ala., 1744; Black Warrior River, Ala., from Tus- 
caloosa to Daniels Creek, 1751; Warrior and Tombigbee Rivers, Ala., and Miss., 
1755; Noxubee River, Miss., 1763; Pascagoula River, Miss., 1765; Chickasahay 
River. Miss., 1769; Bluff Creek, Miss., 1770; Leaf River, Miss., 1771; harbor at 
Biloxi Bay, Miss., 1772; Pearl River below Jackson, Miss., 1774; Pearl River be- 
tween Carthage and Jackson, Miss., 1777 ; Pearl River between Edinburg and 
Carthage, Miss., 1779; Bogue Chitto, La., 1781; removing sunken vessels or craft 
obstructing or endangeriug navigation, 1782. 

Examinations. — Mississippi Sound, 1783; Back Bay, Biloxi, Miss., 1784; mouth of 
Old Fort Bayou, Miss., mouth of Wolf River, Miss., 1787; mouth of Jordan River, 
Miss., 1789; Pearl River from Edinburg to Lake Bumside, Miss., 1791; diversion 
of Pearl River near Jackson, Miss., through Tan Yard Branch, 1792. 

PAET III. 

APPENDIX R. 

REPORT OP MAJOR JAMES B. QUINN, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 
IKSPKCTION of the improvement of the South Pass of the Mississippi River, 1795, 

APPEOT)IX S. 

REPORT OF MAJOR JAMES B. QUINN, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

Improvements.— Chefuncte River and Bogue Falia, La., 1808; Tickfaw River and 
its tributaries. La., 1810; Amite River and Bayou Manchac, La., 1812; Bayon 
Lafourche, La., 1814; Bayou Terrebonne, La., 1817; Bayou Plaquemine, Grand 
River, and Pigeon bayous, La., 1818; Bayou Courtableau, La., 1821; Bayou Teche, 
La., 1824; channel, bay, and passes of Bayou Vermillion, La., 1826; Mermentau 
River and tributaries. La., 1828: mouth and passes of Calcasieu River, La., 1830; 
harbor at Sabine Pass, Tex., 1832; Sabine River, Tex., 1835; Neches River, Tex., 
1837; removing sunken vessels or craft obstructing or endangering navigation, 
1839. 

Examinations. — ITomochitto River, Miss., 1839; harbor of refuge on Lake Pont- 
chartrain, La., 1842; connection of bayous Black and Terrebonne between South- 
down Plantation and Houma, La., 1845; Sabine River from Sudduths BlnfT, Tex., 
to Logansport, La., 1848 ; channel through Sabine Lake from Sabine Pass to moutbs 
of Sabine and Neches rivers, Tex., 1850; Neches River, Tex., fcrom its mouth to 
Shooks Bluff, 1853. 

APPENDIX T. 

REPORT OF CAPTAIN JOHN MILLIS, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 
iMFRoyxMKNT. — Secnriog month of Bayou Plaquemine, La., from further caving, 1857* 



C0NTEKT8. XVU 

Ai'i'BNi>ix n. 

BEPORT OF MA.IOB A. U. MILLER, COBPS OF ENGINEERS. 

>ii-n>VKMK!(T« Entmnnfl to Qalrcaton Harbor, Tex., 1861; Ship Channel in Gftl- 

r vb%totiBits,T€X.,lgrj; chnnnejin Wesl.Galv-nstion Uivy, Tex., lgT7j Trinity River, 
: Tex., ISSO; Cedar Dayon, Tes., 1883; BiiITivId liayoii, Tex., \sm; hurbor at firiuoa 
L Santinun. Tox.. WHO; 
^AMi.SA'riii.N. — liruTot BiTor, Tex., from Us month to Richmond, 1S93. 

API'MNUIX V. 

EEPORT OF CAPT, J. H. WILLABI', COEPS OF KNGINi:nnB. 

IPBOVBKEMTA.— Bed RiTBr, La, and Ark., lUOt; Htd River iibova Piiltnn. Ark., 
S; Ounclutii uiid RIack rivKTH, Ark. and La., 2002; Buyuus D*Ar1i()uue and 
rney. La., :2009; Bayua tlardiolomHw, La. and Ark., 2012; BoeuT Kiver. La., 
_.i5; Tenaaa RiTer and Bnvou Ma^on, La., 201H ; Big Black RiTsr. Mim., 2023; 
YuKw BlTor, Miss., 2034 ; mouth of tlia Yazoo River, Miss., 2029: Tchula Lake, 
I MiM., 2038; TaUahatcbee River, Miae., 2011; Steele and Washliigtiin bMyoiw, 
I Miaa., 2tM6; Big Sunflower River, Miss., 2047; Bic Batobee River, Tcdiu. 2003; 
I I'^knd Deer River, Tenu., 2054; water ganeeR uo MlSBisaipjii River and iu> prin- 
I eipal tributaries, 2057; survey of Cypress Bayon and the lakes between Jnffemon., 
T Tua*, And. Sbreveport, La., 2065. 

"*"(*«l»t*THiN6.— .SuJphnr River", Tei., 2083; Little River, Ark., 2087; Onachita 
X above Camden, Ark., 2091; CasBity Bnvon, Miss., 2095; Coldwatcit River, 
.,30M). 

APPENDIX W. 

«BT OF CAPT. H. S. TABER, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

— KoinovlDc obetmctionB iQ Arkanias River. 2102; ArknoHtis Rivar, 
Faaifonr«be Le Fflvre River, Ark., 2108; Petit Jean Rivor, Ark., 2110; Wliite 
; River, Ark., 2111 j Cache Eivor, Ark., 2114; Little Red Rivar, .-Vrk., 2115; Black 
I iUTer,Atk. and Mil.. 2116; Black River, Mo., 211T; St. PrnnciB River, Ark., 2118; 
\ St. FnnoiB River, Mo,, 2119; Little Rivor, Mo., reniuvlug Biinkeu reitaels or craft 
itmetfng or endangering navigation, 2121. 

4IiEATioirs.—E«iiliiit> River, Ark., 2122; Toiirche LeFevre River, Ark., 2125; Cut- 
i tcBtBiTU, Ark., 2128. 

APPENDIX S. 

REPORT OF CAPT. 8, W. ROESSLER, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

UTIti.\s. — HiirlKir al 
Iho uiij'er iiurl '>( t 
IfBJver. Ti.iiLi,,21M, 

Al'PhNDIX y. 

HBPOET OF MA.)OB CHA8. J. ALLEN, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

•KOYRWi'jJTs. — ReiiioviQfT snags aiid wreoks from Mississippi River, 2139: Missis- 
' ~' K'twcetiOlilii and ilissonri rivrrs, 2117 ; harbor at St. Lonis. Mo.. 2177; 
River, Mo., 217S; Osage River, Mn., 2183; Kaskaskia River, UI., 21Si. 

APPENDIX Z. 

IBEPORT OF MAJOR ALEXANDER MACKENZIK, CORI'S OF ENGINEERS. 

■8,— Operating snagboata and diedgcboats on npper Missisaippi River, 
Bipiji River between Misaonri River and MiuneapoliH,2200; DesMoiur- 



FaiW; Mi»i 



BxaMiXatiok^ — Humbarg Bay, on MiBsiaaippi Rlvar, Calhotui Count?, 111., 32-18; 
t Miwlatljipi River. Iowa side, from uiontli of lowu Rivor t-o nnrlinRton '™'^' - 
[ Unline Harbor. III., 2263; Hiaaiaaippi River at and near BeRpvu^, ' 
I dviial liitrbora of rafuge on Lake renin, Miaaiaaippi River, 2257. 

ENU 9;i n 



of bes Moines Rivpids Canal 

;oiuit7, 1^,22-18; 

Inrlingtim. 2251; 
Iowu,2^4;uddi- 



XVin CONTENTS. 

APPENDIX A A. 

EEPOET OF MAJOR W. A. JONES, CORPS OF ENGINEEH9. 

IsfPBOVBMBNTa. — Misaiasippi Bivei abore Falls of St. Anthony, Minn., 2261; reser- 
voirs ftt heailwatara of MissisBippi Kiver. 2264; Chippewn River, includine Yel- 
low Banks, Wis., 2272; St. Croix River, Wis. and Minn., 3375; Minnesota River, 
Minn., 2278; Hed River of the North, Mian, and N. Dak., 2283; sarTa;B for reser- 
voiia at sources of MiSBissijipl, St. Croix, Chippewa, anil Wisoonsin rivers, 228S; 
ganging Miaaissippi River at ur near St. Paul, Miim., 22S9. 

APPENDIX B B, 

REPORT OP LIEUT. COL. CHA8. R. SUTER, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

KXAMIKA.Tion.—Ksnaas River, Kan., 2293. 

APPENDIX 0. 

REPORT OF CAPT. H. F. HODGES, COKPS OP ENGINEERS. 

iMPSOVEMBKTe. — Mieaoiui River between the Great FaUs, Mont.ina, and Sionx City, 
Jowa, 2291 ; roinovul of snags and other obstructions in MiBsonii River above Sioux 
City, Iowa. 3319; examination of Missouri lUver between Three Forks and Canyon 
Ferry, Montana, to determine availability of water power, 2330; YetlowBCoue 



APPENDIX D D. 
REPORT OF CAPT. JOHN BIDDLE, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

iMPitovBMBKTB. — Obton River, Tenn., 3327: Teiineasue River above Chitttsnooga and 
belowBee Tree Shoala, 2330 ; Hiwaasee Ri ver. Teun., 2381 - French Broad and Little 
Pigeon rivers, Teiiii., 2383; Cliuob Biver, Tenn., 3387; Cnmberbnd Kiver, Tenn. 
anil Ky., 23»9; Caney Fork River, Tenn., 3«0. 

ExAMiKATiOKS. — Ohio River between Livingston Point and Tennesaee lBland,2404; 
Uui^k Kiver, Tonn., 2i06; Sequatchie Kiver, Tenn., 2408; Uiwassee River, Tenn., 
3112; Emory River, Tenn., 2413. 

APPENDIX E B. 

REPORT OF CAPT. GEO. W. GOETHALS, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

luPROvicMCKTS. — Tennessee River between Chattanooga, Tenn,, and foot of Bee 
Tree Sboala, Ala., 2419; operating and oare of Muscle Shoals Canal, TL^uiteas< 
River, 2431. 

APPENDIX P F. 

REPORT OF LIEUT. COL. AMOS STICKNEY, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

iMPBOVKMBNTS. — Ohio River, 2438; operating anag boftf« on Ohio River, 2478; op«t^ 
kting andeare of Davia Island Dam, Ohio River, near Pittsbnrg, Pa., 3481; mov- 
able dam la Ohio Biver below mouth of Beaver Hivor, Pa., 2484; Monongaliela 
R!v«r, W. Va. and Pa., 2483; operating and care of loolcs and dams Nos. 8 and 9, 
Honougahela River, 2492; purohaae, of look and dam No. 7, Monongahola River, 
3416; purchaaeof look and dam No. 6, Mononcabela River, Cheat River, W. Va., 
3496; Allegheny Uiver, Pa., 2498; dam at llerr lFilitu<l, Allegheny Kiver, near 
Filtaburg, Fa.,2501; ice harbor at mouth of MuskiiiKuui Kiver, Ohio, 2502; Mus- 
kingum River, Oliio, 2S0t ; operating and oare of locks and dams on Muskingtim 
Biver, Ohio, 2506. 

Examinations. — Ohio River at or near ElLitKbethtown, 111., 2518; harbor at Evuia- 
^lle, Ind,, 2530; Ohio River between Ludlow and Covington, Ky., and Cinoln- 
nati, Ohio, 3523; LiUle Miami River, Ohio, for ic^e harbor, 3S25; Ohio Rirer 
between Ironton, Oiiio. and 3 milea along and up the Ohio east of month of Guyan 
Biver, W. Vs., 3527; Raccoon River, Ohio, 2530; location of locks and datna on 
Ohio River between Davis Island Dam and the dauia near month uf Beaver River, 
Pa., 2533; looknud ilamon Allfghouy Kivar between (proposed) dam at Tarentuiu 
and Herr latand Dam, Pa.. 253o; luck and dam on Allegheny River ut or neat 
Tarentum, P»., 3338; Allegheny River i^om Olean, N. Y., to Warren, Pa., 2540. 



APPENDIX tJ O. 

KEPORT OP LIEDT. COL. G. J. LYDECKERj CORPS OF ENGINEEBB. 

* iMPKOVBMHNTS.— FkUb of the Oliio River, at LoaiaviUe, Kj., 2543; lodiaiiit Cliote, 
Falls of the Ohio Biver, 2540; operating aud care of Loul«vitlo and Piirttuud 
Canal, Ey., 3554; Wabuah River. Ind. ami 111., 2559: White River, InU., 2567. 
ExANni&TiONS.— LiUle WabosU River, 111., 256^; Embamia Uiver, 111., 2S73. 

APPENDIX H H. 

REPORT OF COL. WM. P. CEAIGHILL, VOHVH i*V ENOINEEFS, 

I luPBOVBMBNTB. — Great Kanawha River, W. Va., 2577: uperatitig und earn of locks 
and llama on Great Kanawha River, W.Va.,25W; Eik River, W.V».,2595: G 
ley Eiver, W.Va.,25S8; New Rivw, Va. and W. Va., 2003. 

APPENDIX I I. 

REPORT OF MAJOR D. W. LOCKWOOD, CORPS OF ENQINEERB. 

I IMPROVUMCNTS.— Trade water Biver, Ky., Look No. 2, Green River, at Rnnuey, Ky., 
aeoe; Green River, above month of Big Barren River, Ky., 2608; oiieratiog and 
c&n of looks and dama on Green and Barren rivers, Ey., 2609; Rongb River, Ky., 
2816; Eeiituckv River. Ky., 3618;operatlDgaDd care oflooka and dama od Kentaoky 
mm, Ky., 3622; LlckingRiver between PnrmerB and West Liberty, Ky.,2<;30; BJ|{ 
Sandy Biver, W, V». undKy..3e31 ; Levisa Fork of Big Sandy Kiver, Ky., 2G35 ; Tiig 
Pork of Big Saody River, W. Va. and Ky., 2637; Guyandotto River, W. Va., 36a9; 
Little Kimnwljia tuver, W. Vu,. 2611 ; operating and care of lock and dam on Little 
Kanawha Hiyer, W. Va., 26i2j Buokhannon Ifivw, W. Va., 2644. 
EXAMINiTioKs.— Licking Eiver, Ky., 2644; bar at Juuctiou of Big Bantly and Ohio 
livets, SMT. 



PART IV. 
APPENDIX J J. 



REPORT OF MAJOR CLINTON B. 8EAES, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

I iMFKOVimzNTa.— Harbor at Grand MuraiB, Minn., 26ril; harbor at Agate Bay, Minu,, 
SE&l; harbor at Diilnth, Minn., 2(k>7; harbor at Superior Bay and St, Louia Bay, 
Win., 2668; Minnesota Point at Superior, Wia., 2673; hsriior atAablaud, Wis., 
2STf ; harbur at Ootuoagon, Mich., 26TT; Eagle Harbor, Mioh., 267!); waterway 
from Keweenaw Bay to Luke Superior, Mich., 2680; harbor at Mnniiiette, Mich,. 
2S86; harbor of refu);e at Grand Maraia, Mich., 3689. 

[ EXAHINATI0!4. — Allouez Bay and Nemadji Rivcir, Wis., 3693., 

I Hassob Links.— AlloueE Bay, near Snperior, Wis., 2695. 

APPENDIX K K. 
REPORT OF MAJOR JAMES F. GEEGOKY. CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

f iMf^oVBMBNTa.— Maniatiiaa Harbor, Mich., 2700; Cedar River Harbor, Mich. ,2701; 
Munontinee Harbor, Mioh. aod. Wia., 2703; Menominee Hivar, Mich, and Wis., 2706; 
OcnnloHarbor, Wi8.,270S: Feoaaiikee Harbor, Wia., 2710; Green Bay Harbor, Wia,, 
2711 ;Sti:i l:<:'ud HnvKiul Lake Michigan Can a], Wia., 3714; operating and care of Slur- 
t;aoi] t--" ' ' ' '' '..^ranCanal, Wia.,37i8;harboi ufrefogeatentraace ofStnr- 
KOOD 1' ^ LQ Canal, Wia., 3719; Ahnapue HarbDr,Wl«.,3731;KewaQ- 

tiee II. ! ^vo Rivera Harbor, Wis., 2T3T; btonitowoo Rubor, Wis., 

27*r . - '.Vis., 2733 ; Port Washington Harbor, Wis.. 3738; harbor of 

refiig ■ \\ is., 2711 ; Milwaukee Harbor, Wis., 2744; Baoiue Harbor, 

Wi».,3T18; Kfiir,Hh;. Hiiri.or. Wis., 2751; WaiikeganHuvbor, 111.. 3754: Foj Rivor, 
Wis., 2758 ; operating aud care of looks and dams on Fux Biver, Wis., 2766; reuiov- 
tug lanken viMsiJa or oruft ubstruoling or eudangoring navigatiuu, 2777. 

P^XAWKxTIORS.— Green Boy, Wia., ftom light-house to first Yiridge on Fox River. 
377B; proleetion wall on oanal at Kuukauna, Fox River, Wis., 3779: harbor :ii 
Stockbridge, Lake Winnebago, Wia., 3782; harbor at Calumet, Lake Wiuuebugo, 
Wis., 3783. 
Harbor Likes,— Ouuutu Harbor, Wia., 2T84; Milwankoe Biver, Milwanhee, Wis,, 
>788. 



APPENDIX L L. 
REPORT OF CAPT. W. L. MARSHALL. C0EP8 OF ENGINEEH8. 

IMPIWVRMKNTS.— Chicago Harbor. 111., 2791; Caluroet Harbor, HI., 2810; Calnmst 
Hivor, m. and lud., 2815; Dlinois Bivor, Dl.. 2822; operating and caro of La 
GcaQKs Lock BJid Dam, lUinoiB River, 111., 2830; lUinoia and MisaUsippi Canal, 
Ill.,aB3. 

ExjkMINATIONa.—OnteT harbor at moiitb of Calumet River, 111., 2S16; Wolf Riv«T 
Harbor, Ind., 3850. 

APPENDIX MM. 

REPORT OF MAJOR WILLIAM LUDLOW. CORPS OF ENGINEEHB. 

Ihprovkhekts. — HJohigan City Hitrbor. Ind., 2858; St. Joseph Harbor, Mich., 2864; 
St. Joseph Rivpr, Mich., South HavHu Harbor, Mich., 2870; Saugatnck Haibor, 
Mich., 2874; Holland (Black Lake) Harbor, MIob., 2877; Grand Haven Harbor, 
Mich., 2879; Muske^n Harbor, Mich., 2885; Wbit« Late Harbor, Miob^ 2390; 
Pentwater Harbor, Mich., 3894; Lvdintiton Harbor, Mioh.. 2895; Manittee Harbor, 
Mich,, 2897; harbor of refine at Portage Lake, Manistee County, Mich., 2903; 
Frankfort Harbor, Mich,, 2905; Charlevoix Harbor and entrance to Pine Lake, 
Mich., 2908; Petoskey Harbor, Mich., 2910; Cheboygan Harbor, Mich., 2917; 
Thunder Bay Harbor, Mich., 2920; Thunder Bay River (Alpena Harbor), Mioh., 
2922; Saginaw River, Mich., 2924; harbor of I'efnge at Sand Beach, Lake Haron, 
Mioh., 2^1; Blaok River at Fort Hnron, Mioh., 2938: mouth of Black River, 
Mioh.. 2940: Clinton Kiver Hich,, 3943; Rouge River, Mioh.. 2946; tunuog bsain 
in Rouge Rirer, Mich., 2947. 

EsAMrKATioNS. — Hammond Bay, Mich., 2948; Sebeiraing River, Mioh., 2950; Pine 
EivM at St. Clair. Mich., 2954 ; Belle River, Marine City, Mich., 2956. 

Hadbor LiniCb.— Black River at Fort Huron, Mich., 2958. 

APPENDIX NN. 
REPORT OF COL. O. M. POE, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 



Mich., 2970; St. Marva Kit 
Marys River, Mich., 31)24: tit. Cla 
of 8t. Clair Flats Canal, Mich., 3(] 
Mich., 3034. 
HaKIior Lines.— St. Marja Bivor a 



Falls, Mich,, 2991; Hay Lake Chuuiiel, St. 
• FlatH Canal, Mich., 3029; operating and care 
1; Oroascpoiut Cbauoel, Mich., Detroit Biver, 

Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., 3037; Detroit, Mich., 



APPENDIX 00. 
REPORT OF LIEUT. COL. JARED A, SMITH, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 
Impbovbments.— Monroe Harlior, Mich., 3047; Toledo Harbor, Ohio, 3050; Ptat 
CUnton Harbor, Ohio, 3058; Sandusky Harbor. Ohio, 3()61; Sandnxky Itivor, Ohio, 
3065; Huron Harbor. Ohio, 3067; Vermillion Harbor, Ohio, 3071;' Black Ritbt 
Harbor, Ohio, 3072; ClBvelnml Harbor, Ohio, 3073; Fairport Hnrbor, Ohio, 3081; 
Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio, 3085; Conneaut Harbor, Oliio, 3089; removing simksu 
Teasels or oraft obsCruoting or endangering navigation, 3093, 

APPENDIX P P. 
REPORT OF MAJOR E. H. HHFFNER, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 
Impeovbmksts.— Erie Harbor. Pa,. 3096; Prcsqne Jslo Peninsula, Erie Harbor, Pa., 
3101; Dunkirk Harbor, N.Y.,3103: Buffalo Harbor, N.y.,3107; Tonawanda Har- 
bor and Niagar:t River, N. Y., 3111 ; Niagara River from Tonawonda to Port Dav, S. 
y.,3113; Wilsim Harbor, N.Y., 3114; 01cotlHftrbor,N.y.,8116: Oak Orchard B«- 
bor, N.T.,3117. 
EXAMUJATios.— Dttokirk Harbor, N. Y., 3119. 

APPENDIX Q Q. 
EEPOET OF CAPT. DAN C. KLNOMAN, CORPS OF ENGINEEHS. 
Impbovbmk NTS.— Harbor at Charlotte, N. Y., 3132; harbor at Pultneyville, N, T., 
3136; hnrbor at Groat Sodus Bav, N. T., 3140; harbor at Little Sodus Bay, N. Y., 
3143; harbor at Osnego, N. Y., 3152; harbor at Saokelts Harbor, N. Y., 8166. 
EXAMiNATio.\-.— Harlior of refn;;e in Mexico Bay, N, T., 3160. 
Hahiioh Likrs.— Oswego Harbor, N. Y., 31T8. 



APPENDIX B R. 

REPORT OF CAPT. SMITH 8. LEACH, CORPS OP ENGINREHSi 

fi. — SliOBla betwenn Sistnr Islniids »nd CroHB''>vi.'t Lik'Ut, St. Iiawrentw 
River, N. T.. 3188; ugdanibarg Hftrbur, N. T., 3190; brenkwalcr at Rouse Point. 
LakeChampUin, N. f.,3192: Qroal Cliiuiy Bivtr. N. Y., 31IM; I'iattabnrg Harbor, 
K. r., 3iaS; Burlington Hwhor. Vt., 3196; Otter Creek, Vt., 3108; TiroDdemea 
BiTer.N. Y,, 3300: NarrotrB of Lake Cbnniplain. N. Y. anil Vt..3201i breakwater 
eoDstructian In Lake Cliiiuipllun, 3202. 
Examinations.— ^'o^tb H^^^o llarboi, L»he Cbumplain, Vt., 3213; harbor at Ailiiras 
(TobiiLB) Landing, Oraad Isle, Vt., 3215. 

APPKNDIX 8 S. 

REPORT OF COL. G. H. MEND^ELL, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

o (Golden Gate), Cal., 3221. 
APPENDIX T T. 
REPORT OF LIEDT. COL. W. H. H. BENYAtTRD, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

iMPftovxiTENT^.— Napa River, Cal., 3223; Redwond Creek. Cal., 32ffi; San Lata 
Uhispo Harbor, Cal., 8228: Wilmington Hiirbor, Cal.. 3239; Sao Dipgo Harbor, 
Cal.. 3231; Colorado and Oila rivers, at Yiinia. Arix., 3231. 

ExAMiKAnoNS.— Tmelve-mile Cretk, San Fraatiseo Bay. Cal,, 3235; AIvIho Sloagh, 
Col., 8236; deep-water bnrbor at .San Pedro or Sunta Monica Uaj, Cal., 3238. 

APPENDIX trU. 

REPORT OP MAJOR W. H. HKUER, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

JtPBUVFiMKNTs.— San .Joaquin River, C.il., 3265; Mokelnmne River, Cai., 3269; Sao- 
i*mcnto and Feather rivers, Cal., 3271; Petalniua Creek, Cal., 3276; Humboldt 
Harboirwid Bay, Csl., 3278. 

ExAxncATiONS.— San Joncinln River, Cal., from Hills Ferry to Flrebanghs Peny, 
tneliuliiie closing of sloiighs above Stockton, S290; Old River Branch of San 
JoMiiln River. Cal., 3294: Merced River, Cal.. 3297; Tuolumne River, Cal., 3299; 
8laiuslaiuRiver,CaI.,3301; moatbof Navarro River.Cal.. 3304; harborof Creaasnl 
City, CuL, 3308; harbor at Yaquiiia Bay, Oregon. 3314. 

APPENDIX V V. 

REPORT OF CAPT. THOMAS W. 8YM0NS, CORPS OF ENGINEliRS. 

KtVBUKNTB.— Coouille River, Oregon, 333*; Connille River, Oregon, between 
CoqniUe Citj- and Mjrtle Point, 3329 ; entrance t« Coos Bay and Harbor, Oregon, 
XI32; Umpqaa River, Oregon. 3342 ; moutbof Sinsl»w River, Oregon, 3344; Yaquina 
B»y, OregoD, 3357; Tillamook Bay and Bar. Oregon, 336S; entrance lo Nehalem 
Bay, Oregon, 3371; Upper Snake River, Idabo, between Huntington Bridge and 
Ssveti Devils Milling District, 3372 ; upper Columbia and Snake rivers, Oregon and 
Wuh., 3375: Colnmbia River, between bead of Rock Island Rapida and foot 
of PrieetRanids, Wa«h., 3378;Nbsc1 River, Wash., 33B9; Willapa Rivor and Har- 
bor, Vaali., 3102; Grays Harbor and Chehalis River, WaBh.,34i]8; Cbebal in River, 
Wmtk., 31U: harbor at Olympia. Wash., 3415; gwinomiah Slongh, Woah., 3419; 

, Pnget Sound and its trllmtary waters, Wusb., 3425. 

SxAMUcATioRs.— ChetcD River, Oregon, 342fl ; Rngne River, Oregon. 3433; Cuos River, 

^ Orogan, 34S7;Alsoa. Riv^r, Oregon, SIJI): Neatugga River, Oregon. 3446;npperCO' 
lumlija River, Wash., from inlurimtiiiniil linrmdury to Rouk lalnnds Rapids, 3U2: 
Koote«ai River from Fry, Idubo, to intcinational boundary line, 3456; Spokane 
Btv«r. Idaho, bom Post l^'iills to I,:iko Cit-or d'Alone, 3158: Snohomish River, 
Waali., ftom its muuth t« Lowell, 3162; Everott Harbor. Waah,, tnelnding mouth 
of SnahomiHh River. 3161: Nooksack River and Bellinghiuu Bay, Wash., 346ti. 

ButBOB LlKBS.— Ports in the State of Washington, 3472. 



APPENDIX W W. 
REPORT OF MAJOR THOS. H. HASDBURY. CORPS OF ENGINEEES. 

IjiIPROVeurhtb. — Moutb of Columbia River, Orttgon and Wosb., 3489; ColnmbiA 
River betweeii Vancouver, Wasii., and moatU of WiUametts River, 3503; caaal at 
the Cascades, Columbia Klver, Oregon, 3506; Columbia aud lower Willamette 
riveTS below Portland, Oregon, 3515; Willamette River above PortI aud and Yam- 
bill River, Orecon, 3532; Cowlitz River, Waab., 3526; Tonngs and Klosnliilift 
rivcra, Oregon, K27; g»U|niig waters of Colambia River, Oregon and Wash., 3528, 

ExAMiNATiONfl.— Willamette River above OreKon City, Oregoti, 362B; YambiU 
River fi^m mouth to McMinnville, Oregon, 3531; Lewie River, WiuJi., from it> 
month to Speliah Creaky 3533. 

HuiBOR LiNics. — Columbia Rivor ut I'lavfl, Oregon. 3537. 

APPENDIX X X. 
REPORT OF CAPT. FREDERICK RODGERS, UNITED STATES NAVT. 
SOPKRVlams of the barbor of New York, 3541. 



PART V. 
APPENDIX Y Y, 



i 



REPORT OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER COMMISSION. 

C. B. CoMSTOCK, Colonel, Corps of Engineera, Bvt. Brig. Oen., U. S. A., Preaident; 
Charlks R. Sotbh, Lieiitenaat-Colonel, Corps of Engineers. U.. 8. A.; 0. H. 
Ermst, Mi^or, Corps of Engineers, U. S. A.; Hbnrt L. WaiTisJQ, ABsistant U. S, 
Coast and Geodetic aurvej; B. M. Harrou, Roberts, Tatlok, and Henry Fl4d, 
CommiiaionBri, 

Anmuai. Rkfort roR FiaOAL XSA.it skpinq June 30, W3, 3545. 

Appendix 1. — Noteof Col. C. B. Comstock, Coipa of Engineers, on "'uhongeof plana" 
at Red River Luniling, 3564. 

Atpbndix 3. — Report of Committee on Dredges, 3570. 

Afprndix 3. — Report of Capt. Carl F. Palfrey, Corps of Engineers, Seonitar; Hia- 
Btuippi River Commission, 3573 ; <,A) report of Assistant Engineer Cbas.W. Stewut 
on seooudnrv trtangulation &om Port Louisa, lowai, to near moutb of UalenaBiver, 
Ili,,3C>89; IB) report of Assistant Engineer A. T. Morrow, in obarge of.topograpli- 
icatparty for Bea«on of 1892, 3600; (C) report of Assistant Engineer A. 1: Morrow 
on tertiary triangulation and stone lines from DooHiIdsonville to Head of Pobbm, 
and precise levels ftom New Orleans to Head of Passes, 3603 ; (D) report of Aasis- 
tanl Engineei; James A. Paige on precise levels jrom New Orleans to Head of 
Passes, 3620; (E) report of Assistant Engineer J. A. Ockerson on inspection of 
gauges, 3654 ; (F) highest and lowest gauge readings on Mississippi Rivet and its 
tributaries and on Atehafalaya River, 1892, 3fiGl ; (O) highest and lo^vest and mean 
higbest and mean lowest stages of MiBsissippi River from Cairo to Head of Pasaaa, 
18t2~1892, etc., 3662; (Ulmean number uf days durin^wbioh the Mississippi Rivar, 
from Cairo to Head of Passes, was between certain indicnted heights, 1872-1892, 
etc. ; (1) discharge measurements on Mississippi River and its tributaries and on 
Atohafalaya River, 1892, etc., 3663; (K) report of Capt. Carl F. Palfrey, Corps of 
Engmeers, on study of some early maps of Mississippi River, etc., 3703; (L) com- 
mercial statistics, 1892, 3708. 

AppaMDix 4.— Report of Capt. 8. W. Roessler, Corps of Engineers, on operations in 
flnt and second districts, 3713; (A) report of Assistant Engineer W. M. Reea on 
imnroveraent at HopcAeld Itend, 3726; (B) report of Assistant Engineer Aug. J, 
Nolty of operations at Plum Point Reanb, 3731; (C) report of Assistant Engineer 
C. W. Sturtovant on repairs to plant. 3743, 

Appsicpix 5. — Report of Capt. C. MoD Townsend, Corps of Engineers, on operatiDna 
in tbo third district, 3752; (A) report of Assistant Engineer Arthnr Htder on work 
at Ore«nvilIe Uorbor. Asubrook Kec:k, and Louisiana, Bend, 3769; (B) raport of 
Assistant Engiuuer H. St. L. Ccipp^e on work at Vioksburg Hiubor, 3764 ; (C) 
report of Capt. C. MoDTownaend. Corps of Engineers, on comparison of Iow-wat«r 
soundings taken through Lake Providenoo Reach, 1882-1891, 3T8ii; (D) cost of 
United States levees in MiBaissip[ii. Arkansaa, and Louisiana, 1882-1:^93, 3806; (E) 
Statement of Assistant Engineer Arthnr Hider of repairs to plant, 3807. 

Afpf.ndixS, — Report of Capt. JohnMillis, Corps of Engineers, on operations in tlio 
ftiortb district, 3816. 



I 




APPENDIX ZZ 

EEPORT OF THE MISSOURI RIVEE COMMISSION. 

CnABLIS B. BnTBH, I.ientonimt-Colouel Corps of Engiiieots. U. 8. A., President; 
A. Uackbreie, Major, Corps of EnKineera, IJ. S, A. ; O. H. Eknst, Miyor. Corp* of 
£iigiiio«ra, U. S. A.; Qarlukd C. Broaduead Bad Uichaku 6. BuitLiK, Commi»- 

A>~NCAi. Report for Fiscal Year endiko June 30, 1S93. 3921. 

Appendix A. — Beport of Firit Lfeut. J. 0. Banford, Corps of Englneera, Secretary 
MiasODrl River CommUsion, 3929: (1) commoTce of the Missouri River betweeo 
SiouzCityuidtbeiiioath, 18U3, 3933; (3) table of geograpbioal positions. 3942; (3) 
DieaaareiaeDt of bridgee, opposite 3944; (1} table of diutances, 3944; (5J auniial 
leport of Mr. O. W. P«rguaoQj amiBtAnt engineer, 3955; (8) anoiiat report of Mr. 
Jamea A. Paige, BBgiHtaiit eogmeer, 4134 ; fT) annual report of Mr. O. H. B, Turner, 
aoaiatant eogineer, 1218; (8) annual report of Mr. A. K. Blaisdell, asaiataut en- 
gineer, 4321. 

APPXimnc'B. — Annual report ofMr.S. Wutera Fos, divlaion eniriiieer, Omaha Divi- 
sion, 4223. 

Appkncix C. — Annual report of Kir. S. Waters Fox, divinlon engineer, fialnt 
Joaeph DivisiOD, 1228. 

Appekdex D. — Annual report of Mr. 8. Waters Fox, division engineer, Kansits City 
Division, 4232. 

Appendix E. — Annual report of Mr, Samuel H. Youge, diviaion engiuoor. Kansas 
City and Oaage diviaious, 4235. 

AppkhdiX F. — Annual report of Mr. S. Waters Fox, division cugineer, Gasconade 
Uiviaiou, 1258. 

APPENBIX AAA. 

I OCCUPANCY OF AND INJURY TO PUBLIC WORKS BY CORPORATIONS 
AHD INDIVIDUALS. 
k 
h 
I" 



I 



f) Heport of Capt. Thos. L. Caaey, Corps of Engineers, 4267; (2) report of Major 
Cbas. E.L, B. Davis. Corps of Engineers, 4268; (31 report of M^'or A. M. Miller, 
CoTfrn «f Engineers, 4269: (4) report of M:ijor D. W. Lookwood, Corps of Engi- 
DMn, 43TD; (5) report ol^M^or William Ludlow. Corps of Engineers. 1271): (6) 
repDIt of Col, 0. M. Poe, Corps of EngineerB, 4271; (7) report of MajortE, H. 
"itffhw, Coi™ of Engineers, 4272; (8) report of Major T. H. Haudbory, Corps of 
ugjueats, 1273. 

APPENDIX EBB. 

REPORT OF COL. GEORGE 11. ELLIOT, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 



APPENDIX ceo. 
REPORT OP COL. JOHN M. WILSON, UNITED STATES ARMY. 



APPENTUX D D D. 

BimVEY OP NORTHERN AND NORTHWESTERN LAKES. 

rBTETS,4313; correcting engraved plates, 4343; printing and issuing cfa arts, 4343; 

r ra«itcv«; of St. Marys Eiver, 4344 ; distharee of Niiigara River, 436J; resarvoy of 
" I Uke front at Cliii^ugo, 43?i; survey of sboal at the month of the Ni.^niira 
T,t3T8; annual water levels, 4331; wuter gauge at Ogdensburg &on) ISOd to 



[To bo inserted at page 3921, Annual Report Chief of Engineers, 1893.] 

ERRATA IN THE REPORT OF THE MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION FOR 
THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1893, APPENDIX ZZ, ANNUAL 
REPORT CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, 1893. (UNIMPORTANT ERRATA NOT 
INCLUDED.) 

Page 3944. In table and plat facing page 3944,- diminish all elevations for the Rulo 

bridge thirteen-hnndredths of a foot. 
Page 3955. Line *^7 from bottom, for p. 55 read p. 2955. 
Page 3962. Lines* 14 to 40, for P. B. M. 12 read P. B. M. 20 (8 cases). 
Page 3980. Column 2, it^jm 4, for 5 read 517. 

Page ^993. Column 13, item 5 from bottom, for 97.G6760 read 92.667G0. 
Page 3996. Colunm 6, item 8, for 388.9 reaVl 388.9t. 
Page 4027. Column 4, item 3 from bottom, for 346.414 road 315.414. 
Page 4031. Column 6, item 2, for 63.89 read 639.8. 
Page 4035. Colunm 1, item 3, for 156 read 129. 
Page 4062. Column 1, item 2, for 66=*,*^ read 66=21^. 

Page 4073. Column 1, item 3 from bottom, place Becker under P. B. M. 39. 
Page 4077. Column I, item 2 from bottom, place Drew under T. B. M. 51. 
Page 4086. Column 2, item 3, for P. B. M. 9 road T. B. :M. i». 
Page 4087. Column 6, item 11, for 253.1 read 263.1. 
Page 4100. Under Description, line 35 from bottcmi, for 1^ rend 1]. 
Page 4100. Under Description, line 29 from bottom, for 7,()li>< read 5,J)00. 
Page 4105. Under Description, line 2, for center read cinilee. 
Page 4116. Under Description, line 38, for 1064 read 1640. 
Page 4126. Under Number, item 8, for T. B. M. 485 read T. B. l\. 487. 
Page 4127. Under Description, line 37, for northeast read soutlieast. 
Page 4128. Column 4, item 10, for 342.47 read 342.817. 
Page 4130. Column 4, item 6, for 381.082 read 381.032. 
Page 4153. Column 1, item 1, below P. B. M. 374 insert Blencoe. 
Page 4179. Column 13, item 2 from bottom, for 167.9325 read 161.0325. 
Page 4188. Column 1, item 6, for 320 ^^^ read S2(h=^'^\ 
Page 4189. Column 14, item 3 from bottom, for 477.716 read 479.716. 
Page 4198. Column 14, item 1, for 440.744 read 440.704. 
Page 4205. Column 3, item 7, for 1,029 read 1,092. 
Page 4205. Column 1, last item, for P. B. M. 294 read *P. B. M. 204. 
Page 4213. Under Description, lines 25 and 61, for R. 42 W. read R. 43 W. 
Page 4215. Column 4, item 12, for 594.128 read 504.123. 
Page 4215. Column 4, item 13, for 502.933 reacl 592.038. 
Page 4222. In table, for +1.259 read +1.270, for -0.187 read —0.321, and for +1.020 

read +1.294. 
Page 4231. Line 9 from bottom, after in insert holding. 
Page 4235. Line 18, for 1.677 read 1,677. 
Page 4248. Column 8, \Um\ 29, for +III read —111. 

Page 4248. Column 2, items 16, 17, and 18 from bottom, for 1803 read 1802. 
Page 4249. Column 1, for Dike 12» and Dike 16 read Do. 
Page 4250. Table II, column 4, item 4, for 22.1 read —2.1. 
Page 4259. Line 27 from bottom, for 100 feet by ^ foot read 100 J feet. 
Page 4259. Lino 25 from bottom, for 74 feet by' I foot read 74^ feet. 



APPENDIX Z Z. 



A2TNUAL REPORT OF THE MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION FOR TUB 

FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 180S. 

Office Missouri River Commission, 

St Louis, Mo., June 30, 1803. 

Sm: The Missouri Eiver Commission beg leave to submit herewith 
heir anuual report for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1893 : 

SURVEYS AND EXAMINATIONS. 

Work has been continued during the past year on the reduction of 
maps of the recent survey of the river. The pubh'cation of these maps 
has been commenced and will be pushed to completion as rapidly as 
possible. The line of precise levels between Sioux City, Iowa, and St. 
Charles, Mo., in progress at date of last report, has been completed, 
and the resulting elevations so far as worked out are appended to this 
report. 

Twenty-one gauges have been maintained during the year, and much 
miscellaneous work has been done in the office of the Commission, 
including the continuation of the reduction and study of physical data. 

For details see report of the Secretary of the Commission (Appen- 
dix A). 

CONSTRUCTION. 

For details see appendices B, C, D, E, and F. 

SioiLx City, Iowa. — No work was required at this point during the 
year; the dikes are in good condition and have entirely accomplished 
the object of their construction. The small balance remaining of pre- 
ceding appropriation has been expended in care and repair of plant. 

Council Bluffs, Iowa. — The revetment of the Iowa shore was extended 
3,040 feet to close a gap and make the protection continuous. Some 
apprehension was felt about the safety of the revetment in the pocket 
near the foot of Iowa Lake, and 2 pile dikes were constructed there in 
hopes of filing out the shore line. These dikes unfortunately were 
destroyed by ice in the spring of 1893, and so much damage done to 
this part of the revetment that its reconstruction will be necessary 
during the current season. An allotment has been made for that pur- 
pose. Some small breaks in other portions of the revetment have been 
repaired, and, with the exception of the pocket alluded to, the work is 
in good shape. The plant used on the Omaha division has been re- 
paired and sent to the mouth of the Gasconade for work on the First 
Beach. 

The death of Mr. 0. F. Potter, Division Engineer, which occurred 
September 28, 1892, was a severe loss to the work. 

ENa 93 ^246 3921 



3922 KEPOIIT OF THE CHrEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ABUY. ] 

X^ebranlca City, Nebr. — No work was required at this point, the revetoH 
mrnt oil the ishmd retnainiDf; iuttict. Tliu small balance of allotmeaM 
retuaioing has been expended in caro and repair of plant. ■ 

8t. Jrmeph, Mo. — Work at this point lias consisted in repairs to th^B 
revetnientu in Bon Ton and Beimout bends. At tlie former plocffl 
some 1,2011 ftet of revetment required anil ret-eivetl repair. At Beluioufn 
Bend the lower end of the work, whore it joined the Elwood revetment,H 
wus very seriously damaged during the summer high water. UiideiJ 
the circnmr'tancesit was not deemed eicpedientto reconstruct the revetS 
tiient, and l.'t pile dikes were built along theopengap toi^erve as a t«m<l 
IMirary protection till the river channel had rendju«ted itself. Th«i^| 
dikes were destroyed during the recent high water, hut the ob.ittcn 
Buugbt seems to have been substantially accomplished, and an allot- H 
mciit has been made for reconstructing the revetment during the cur- J 
rent sea-son. The plant employed on this work lia^ been repaired. It ■ 
was lirr>t sent to Kansas City lor use in that vicinity, and is now being J 
translerred to the mouth of the Gasconade for use on the First ReAcfaJ 

Atchinoii, KniM. — As rejwrted last year, the cnt-off which occnrrooH 
above the works designed to control the approach to the Atetiisoiifl 
bridge has so changed the direction of flow that theconipletedestrnctioBiB 
of these works is only a qucstiuu of time. They are giiiduully disiutaS 
gratingunder the attacks of the current, though Ktill fulfilling the objiio^l 
of their coubtructiou. No work has been ^HtssiLile or advisable anil t6^B 
small balauceof appropriation has been exjieuded iu care aud repair oiB 
plant. V 

Kansas City, Mo. — The exten.sive works constrncted in former years! 
in this vicinity were more or less damaged during the season. TiiQ^ 
most aerinus iii,iary was to the East Bottoms revelmeiit, 1,5UU foet of J 
which had to be renewed this spring. The llarlem revetmeut was 1 
extended up stream 950 feet to meet a change in tlie direction of tbftd 
current. Nothing more is couteinplated at picaent. ■ 

Under instructions from the Secretary of War the Commission Iiavafl 
had under consideration the fixing of harbor lines iu front ol Kansa^| 
City, Mo., and Kansas C'ily. Kans. The field work is completed ainM 
their report with recommendations wili soou be submitted. ^B 

SYSTEMATIC IMPUOVESIENT OF PIE8T REACH. M 

The work of systematic and continuous channel improvement raen^ 
tioned iu last report has beeu continued during the year. The beaclH 
of tbe work is in Murrays Bend, just above JeB'erson City, andestendifl 
down to Dodds Island below the Osage, a total distance of about t^M 
miles. Work was carried on wherever necessary along this whol^l 
distance and made fair progress. With the exception of the Mnrrayal 
Bend revetment, designed to secure the head of the work, the' oott-f 
Btruction of pile dikes for channel contraction and regnlntlon hufl 
mainly occupied the force. Seventeen thousand feet of pile dike ta^| 
been built during the season, involving the driving of 5,7^17 piles to i^fl 
average depth of 21 feet. Several years must elapse before the ftlllH 
effect of these works can be realized, but even in their preseut stHtiH 
the results obtained are exceediugly gratifying, and leave little rooiafl 
for doubt as to the ultimate success of the work, provided the ftitid^| 
necessary for its continuous prosecution are furnished. fl 

During the cnnent season it is hojied to extend the work over aboati 
16 additional miles of river, of which 8 will be in immediate oOQ*fl 



APFENDD! Z Z REPORT OF SIISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3923 

(iiiiiatloaof that already done, »rKl a similar amount above and uear 

tJje uiauUi of tlieGiisroiinde River. 

Tbe levctiiieiit of Murrays Bend will be about 15,0<H) feet long. 

Tbree tlioiisand two liniidred and fllty feetwiis Iniilt Inst fall, aud the 

rcBiKiuiler will be built as soon aa the river falls to the proper sta{;e. 
I Til ftdditinn to tbfs, 1,'Hm i'eet of revetjuciit w»8 built iu lioiit ot! the 
L United States storage yard at BuniiotH Mill, and 3,200 fet^t iu front of 
T the tTnited Stateo stornge depot and t>oat yni'd at Gaxcouade. Ex- 
r tmitdro repnint and additions have been made to the old plant and will 
r liw cijntJmied daring tbe coming year, being necessitated by tbe grt'at 
L <MpniiRinn of tlie work aud the eUurtnesa of tbe seasou favorable tor 
T B«l(l operations. 

RESIOVAI, OF OBSTRUCTIONS. 

The snagboat belonging to the Commission began work July 28, 
P 1»'.K.', mid reniaiiiod in active service till December 5, I»'.ia, when she 
* iMid up fur the winhT. Operations were resnnied March Iti, 
ISW, and (-ontinued nritil .Inne 10, wben the boat was temporal ily laid 
lip for liitjh wutei-. The work extended from the mouth to Kansas City, 
tlife Ijoat pnwiug eight times over tbe lower portion of tbe river and 
twit'* over tlic upper poition. Two thousand two hundred and forty- 
six »tiug» wci-e removed aud destroyed, to tbe great benelit of naviga- 
tt'jii. 

Table of tPark dant hg nag bnat. 



^k Ka7ii<arri«7. 




Treu 


Drift 




Sumlwr. 


BitJiniitHi 


UHm 












«B 




!,m 


2T,0T9.1 


m 


* 


1,1118 




5,a.8 


ST. 071.. 1 


KB 


♦ 


1,337 


^ 



The appropriation of March lij 18D3, of which *70(I,(H)0 is available 
I fiv the works under the Commission, has been, with the approval of 
t Cbo Secretary of War, allotted as follows: 

■ Tin olBoti and trav«linK ezpenaes and aalariea of Coiitnii«si ou $20,000 

L7ot knrvejFH. gaaguH, pbyaiual duta, aud publioatians 15,000 

ETor.9p»tatinK eaag boat 35,000 

rFnrTBpkir orcevetment id vtciDitj' of Coaaiiil Ulull't,, lun-a 15,000 

I Foriepair of rerBtment In Bulmoiit Bend 30,000 

I Tor a}alvBiaCic imiirovemeDt ta First Reacli 585,000 

Total 700,000 

For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1895, the Commission beg leave 
jto sDbmit tbe following estimates: 

For office and travoliaff etpenacs ami sitlnTiea of Cnmmissiuu $20,000 

Biirvoj'B, gaugM, phfaloiU data, aud puliticittions 30,000 

OpentrliifCBimg bnat 35,000 

Kyal*iiiatlr improvoment in Fint Rcncli 665,000 

Total 750,000 



3924 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMf. 

Money statement. 

July 1, 1892, balance unexpended $201, 816. 75 

Amount appropriated by act approved July 13, 1892 600, 000. 00 

Amount refunded on account of overpayment 1. 25 

Amount appropriated by sundry civil act approved Miirch :i, 1893 700, 000. 00 

1, 501, 818. 00 
June 30^ 1893, amount expended during tiscal year 650, 135. 61 

July 1, 1893, balance unexpended 851,682.39 

Julyl, 1893, outstanding liabilities 175,016.93 

July 1, 1893, balance available 676,665.46 

(Amount that can be profitably expended in fiscal year ending Juno 30, 
1895 750,000.00 
Submitted in compliance with requirements of sections 2 of river and 
harbor acts of 1866 and 1867 and of sundry civil act of March 3, 1893. 

Respectfully submitted. 

Ohas. R. Sitter, 
. Lieut, Colonel of Engineers^ 
President Missouri River Commission. 
A. Mackenzie, 

Major of Engineers, 
O. II. Ernst, 

Major of Engineers. 
G. 0. Broadhead. 
E. S. Berlin. 
The Honorable Secretary or War. 

(Through the Chief of Engineers, U. S. A.) 



t 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3925 






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3926 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ABHT. 



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APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSIOK, 3927 






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3928 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 

Consolidated statement, July o, 18S4, to June SO^ 1S03. 

Actof July 5, 1884 $0.10,000.00 

Act of August 5, 1886 375,000.00 

Act of August 11, 1888 1,000,000.00 

Act of February 22, 1890 75,000.00 

Actof September 19, 1890 800,000.00 

Act of July 13, 1892 600,000.00 

Total specific appropriations 3, 490, 000. 00 

Balances from former appropriations: 

Act of August 2, 1882, applied to works above Sioux City, 

Iowa $4,000.00 

Survey of Missouri River from mouth to Fort Beuton. . . 8, 844. 39 
Act of August 5, 1886, applied to romoviug obstructions 

from Missouri River 1, 982. 80 

Total balances 14,827.19 

Received from sales and deposits 1, 031. 94 

Total available 3,50,5,859.13 

Expended to June 30, 1893 3,354,176.74 

Balance June 30, 1893 151,682.39 



List of civUian engineers emploijcd on work of river and harbor improretnents in charge of 
Missouri Biver Commission from July 2, JSO:!if to June 30, IS'JJ, inclusive, under the 
river and harbor acts of August 11, 1SS8 {improving Missouri liiver), September 19, 1890, 
(improving Missouri Jiiver from its mouth to Sioux City, Iowa), and July IS, 1892 
(improving Missouri Biverfrom its mouth to Sioux City, Iowa): 



Xamo and rosidonce. 



Samuel H. Yonge, Jefferson City, Mo. 
S. Waters Fox, Hermann, Mo 



Charles F. Potter, Omaha, Nobr. 

( }. B. Wheeler, St. Louis, Mo 

J. A . Seddon, St. Louis, Mo 

A. U. lilaisdell, St. Louis, Mo ... 

O. W. Ferguson, St. Louis, Mo . . 



J. A. Paige, St. Louis, Mo 

C. M. Winchell, St. Louis. Mo . . 
K. H. Bacot, Jefferson City, Mo 



Time em- 
ploy e<l. 



Ifog. Dyi. 
12 

12 



J. C. Meretlith, Hermann, Mo 

K. n.WiU, Lincoln, Nobr 

A . L. Johnson, St. Louis, Mo ' ^ 

<). n. IJ. Turner, St Louis, Mo < 

L. P. Butler. St. Louis, Mo ' 

K. A. Crawford, JolTcrson City, Mo } 



o 

M 

12 

12 

12 

4 

7 

:{ 

3 
12 
12 

12 



TA. Jones, Hermann, Mo 



12 



I 



Conipon 

HHtiou Iter 

month. 



28 
U 


12 
18 

9 







1 


4 


12 


7 


18 


I 


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7 


21 


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12 






A. H. Weber, Jefferson City, Mo ; 12 1 

J. F. Streeter, Gasconade, Mo : 1 2 

Bathnrst Smith, Hermann, Mo I '^ 99 

J. C. Gilchrist, Hermann, Mo J Jt 

O. F. Bird, Hermann, Mo 1 



0! 

: 
Gi 



$250.00 
250.00 



200. 00 
200.00 
200. 00 
200. 00 
175. 00 
175. 00 
17.'). 00 
175.00 
150.00 
150.00 

150.00 

150.00 
l.'W. 00 
125.00 
187. 50 
l.'id.OO 
l.'i7.50 
12.5.00 
125.00 

125.00 

125.00 

125 00 
i:{7. 50 
100.00 
120, 00 
100.00 
120. 00 



Where employed. 



K.nnfta.s f Mty, Mo., aud First Reach, Osage 

division. 
Atchi.'*«n. Knno., St. Joseph, Mo., Omaha, 
Nehr.. Kansas City, Mo., and First 
Keach, Gas(M)nade division. 
Sioux City, Iowa, aud Omaha, Nebr. 
St. LoniH, Mo. 
Do. 
Do. 
In the tield.* 
St. Louis. Mo. 
In the lield.* 
St. Louis, Mo. • 

Do. 
Kansas City, Mo., and First Roach, Osago 

diviHion. 
St. Joseph, Mo., and First Reach, Gascon- 
ade division. 
In the tield." 

Do. 
St. Lonis. ^fo. 

In tlic iirld (includes Rnbsi.>«teuce)*. 
In the lield.* 
St. l..onis. Mo. 

Do. 
Enn.<)asCity, Mo., and First Reach, Ouige 

division. 
Omaha, Nebr., aud First Reach, Gascon- 
ade divi.sion. 
Kansas City, Mo., and First Reach, Os- 

snge division. 
FifMt IConcli, GsHconade division. 
Ineliid<>s subsistence. 
First Koach, Gascouade division. 
Do. 
Do. 
Do. 



* On survev oi Missonri River. 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3929 

JT^iit of civilian engineers employed on work of river and harbor improvements in charge of 

Missouri River Commission, e(o.— Continued. 



Noiue and residenco. 



C-T. X Taylor, St. Louis, Mo 

J- AVm. Liuk, St. Lonif*. Mo 

K. A. Widen, St. Louis. Mo .' . 

K. D. Williaina, St. Louis. Mo 

^. Van Brunt, Hermann. Mo 

8. W. Benedict, Jefferson City, Mo. 

J- C.A.nld, Hermann, Mo 



Time em ^ ^JJTf tH; 

y^^y-^ Collar 



M08. Djf8. 


5 

< 


2 


21 


8 


9 




8 


9 


\ 


2 


21 
9 




12 







7 


28 




8 






5 13 



$100.00 
110.00 
110.00 
100.00 
115.00 
100.00 
100.00 
100.00 

100.00 



Where employed. 



St. Louis, Mo. 

I>o. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 

Do. 
First reacb, Gasronado division. 
Kansas City, Mo., and tirtit reach. Osage 
division. 
¥int reach. Gasconade division. 



Appendix A. 

^xvutal report of the secretary of the missouri river commission, 1893. 

Office Missouri Rivkr Commission, 

St, LoviSf Mo.f June SO^ 1895. 

^^ »^ : 1 have the honor to submit the following report of the work in charge of 
*fle s^^retary of this Coiuniission for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1893. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. C. Sanford, 
First Lieutenant of Engineers, Secretary, 

I--! <:i ut. Col. Chas. R. Suter, 

Coips of Engineers, U,S, A., 

President Missouri River Commission. 



surveys. 

frS^^^i^^ary triangulation. — During the fieldwork on the secondary triangiilation 

.^^ 53 river numerous incidental points were located by side shots. The geodetic 

posi ^ 5 ^Qg jjf these points have been computed, and the results for 154 of those that 

^x^^^OBt i>ermanently marked and can be best described are appended (Appendix 

the**^'^*"?* — ^^® ^ detail maps (scale, 1 inch = 400 feet) covering that portion of 
iJ5^^ '^®' from Fort Benton, Mont., to Three Forks, Mont., 266 miles, and described in 
^yo^^®* annual report, liave bee'i completed. An office index map (scale, 1 inch 
"q^ *>iile8) has been made for use in connection with the above maps. 
a-^^ 'the 27 detail maps (scale 1 inch=l,000 feet) extending from Sioux City (Big 
in^^ Kiver) to the mouth of the river, 811 miles, 13 were unfinished at the begin- 
" Tl ^^ *^® fiscal year. These have been completed. 

^ ^ series of reduced maps (scale 1 inch=l mile) to be photolithographed, which 
rive^ ^fcrred to in my last annual report, will extend from No. 1 at the mouth of the 
fron^ ^^ ^^' ** Three Forks, Mont. Of these, Nos. 1 to 10, inclusive, extending 
fro^ the mouth to Brunswick, Mo., 262 miles, and Nos. 73 to 76, inclusive, extending 
1^1 J^,^ miles below to 28 miles above A Benton, had been completed at the date of 



diBt^ ^^® report. Nos. 11-16, 18, 19, 22, 24-27, and 77-83, covering 783 miles of river 
^i^^^^^ce, have been completed within the past year. The remaining 4 of the 27 



'r_^^ Sioux City are in progress. 
*j -^^onnection with this series there will be 9 index maps (scale 1 inch=8 miles). 
? 'v^» covering inch-mile maps Nos. 76-83, has been completed; and No. 1, covering 
"^l^^^ile maps Nos. 1-10, has been begun. 

~*^^lj-mile maps Nos. 1-14, 76, 77, and 80-83, have been published during the year. 

^^15, 16, 18, 19, 22, 24-27, 78 and 79, and index map No. 9, are in the hands of the 

lj"^ti^r. Proofs of Nos. 24, 25, 78, and 79 have been received, corrected, and returned 

^ mapping work has been under supervision of Assistant Engineer O. li 



3930 REPOET OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMT. 

Special $urveif$, — ^The followinfir special surreys were macle under the direction of 
the division engineers during the year : 

Floremie Lake and right hank of river in its vicinity, East Omahs. Kebr. 
Omaha Reach, Iowa and Nebraska. Vicinity of revetment and location of 

Council Bluffs and East Omaha Bridge. 
Lower part of Belmont Bend, Missouri and Kansas. 
Lower part of Bee Creek Bend, Missouri an<l Kansas. 

From Lower Kaw Bend, Missouri and KaiiHas, to Randolph Bridge, MiiooarL 
From mouth of Kansas River, Kansas, to Randolph Bridge, Missouri. 
River front of Kansas City, Mo., and Kansas City, Kans., to locate harbor 

lines. 
Kansas River at Union Pacific Railroad Bridge, Kansas City, Kans. 
Kansas River at Riverview Bridge, Kansas City, Kans. 

Missouri River at Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad Bridge, Kansas City. Mo. 
From Stanley Island, Missouri, to month of Gasconade River, Missouri. 
From mouth of Little Tavern Creek, Missouri, to New Haven, Mo. 

In addition to the a1>ove, numerous sur\'eys and observations were made by Divi- 
sion Euj^ineer Yonge in the vicinity of the mouth of the Osage River, Missouri, 
with a view to laying out construction work, or to determining the effeiot of work 
done. 

PRECISE LEVEL BENCH MARKS. 

At the beginning of the fiscal year, two double precise level parties were in the 
field, engaged in extending from St. Charles, Mo., to Sioux City, Iowa, the line of 
precise Mvels that had been run in 1887 from the St. Louis City Directrix to St. 
Charles. Each party was working downstream, being subsisted on a (quarter boat. 
The first of these parties, under Assistant Engineer O. W. Ferguson, with Assistant 
Engineer A. L. Jonnson, which had begun work March 17, 1892, at the United States 
boat yard near St. Joseph, Mo., had reached De Witt, Mo., having covered 220 miles, 
river distance. The second party, under Assistant Engineer .lames A. Paige, with 
Assistant Engineer O. H. B. Turner, w^hich had begun work at Sioux City (Big Sioux 
River) April 16, 1892, had reached the United States boat yard at Council Bloflfs, 
Iowa, 148 miles, river distance, below the head of the work. 

Mr. Ferguson's party reached St. Charles and connected with the precise levels 
of 1887 on October 31. There being few precise level bench marks between the St. 
Charles Bridge and the mouth of the river, a distance of 28 miles, the party was 
ordered to establish a number of them on this reach, connecting them wiui the two 
old bench marks, Nos. 8 and 11, that had been connected with in 1887, and with any 
temporary bench marks of that year that still existed and were reliable. The wore 
was completed November 11, the quarter boat floated to Bushbcrg, and left in care 
of the fleet watchman, and the party disbanded. The following is a summary of the 
work done during the season by this party : 

River distance covered miles . . 487 

Line leveled and checked do 435 

River crossings made 4 

Precise bench marks, stone and pipe, set 88 

Pre<-i8e bench marks, copper bolts, set 101 

Old blanch m:irks, stone and pi{>e, connected with, and pipe ri']>laced by now.. . 92 

Other old engineer Iwnch marks connected with 1 67 

U. S. Co;i8t and Geodetic Survey bench marks connected with 22 

City datunis connected with 7 

City bench marks connected with • 8 

Gauges connected with 12 

Mr. Paige's party reached the St. .Joseph boat yard, and ronncrtcd witlj the bench 
marks of the first prirty on Se])tcnibcr I'G. The party was then (iisb:iiid«'d, the 
quarter b ^at being Icit at the boat yard. The fullowiugiN a Humuiary of the party's 
work during the season: 

River distance covered miles.. 321 

Lino leveled and checked do 2-t7 

River crossings ma le 1 

Precise bench marks, stone and ]»i|ic, set 6i 

Precise bench ntarkn. coi»i)er bolts, s<rr 18 

Old bench marks, stone and pipe, ei-nnectcl with, antl p{;n* rejilncrd by new... 2r> 

Other old engin«*er bench marks eounei ted uith '. 4 

City bench marks connected with 1 

Gauges connected with 



• •• •■ • «•• • 



APPESDII Z Z — REPOET OF MrSSOCEI BrVEB COMMI88ION. 3931 

iT of staoB and pipe, nod copper bolt, bench marks set. u 
imariea, n large nmnber of other bench ntarks were also 
bile serving a temi>ot»jy pnrpoBB, are in many eases of quit* a 
■(»• The more permaaaiit of theae are deacribed in the reports of 

D innir^ii iMiiin ^ivon huth partiea diflered bnt alightlj from thoae iasoed 1)7 tbe 
wtppk Itivivr CunitniHaioo id 1691 (sen Annaal Beport of the Chief of Enpineen 
BBl, p. 34TSJ. The lew inodificntiona tliat were inado are given in Mr. Fergu- 

BIr. Fere^Bon hnn eince mode the rednction of his own line, with the aBsiatAnce 

~ " '. JnhnMin, Mr, Paige, assisted hy Mr. Tnmer. «a« engaeed in reducing hts 

)1 Jiwiiiary S, when he left the offire, to take charjiff of held work for the 

raipni River C'oniiiiissioii. The reduction wa« nt that time about two-thtrda 

, r'ct^d. and hafl Biiioe been completed hy Mr, Tnrner, nnder direction of Mr. 

[ JlatgtuKui. 

The reaults are m follow*: 
'''■- Joseph boat fard to St, Charles, main linp. <)23.4T kilometers: 

pMbablp error of final hourh ; 1*. 85 

Probal'le error per kllomctor 0,B7B 

""itiK City to St, J'lmph boat yard, main line, 919.54 kilomotors: 

Piobalile error of linal lionrh 17.00 

Ptobablo error per kilometer 0, 8*t 

Full del*iU of the season's work, with tahulaled results und dwrripiious and 
■ ''■vitinn« nt bench marks, are given in the apjiended reports of Mr. Ferpwon 
^ pl>niTllx A S) luiil of Mr. Paige (Appendix A 6). 
ill ^<:>T, IB93, a niogle priioiBe level party, under AsBistant Engineer Turner, was 
' !'• connect with the preoiBe level line of 1802, the Commisalon'a ganges at 
. 't.. Plattsmonth, Nehr., Nebraska City, Nebr,, Hiilo, Nebr., Brownville, 
I 'iolph. Mo,, and DeWttt, Mo., which, on acconnt of their diatance from 
line, were not connected with when the line waa mn. The party began 
<':ilr May 23, and completed their work at De Witt June 37. 
iiriDg is a nuninarf of Ibfl work done: 

ir-rl and checked milce.- 33 

.-■iLnga made 7 

- . i^r i.fiich marks set 7 

Idlouch mAfka connected with 23 

_^Tn1I dntaila of th<> field work are given in Mr, Turner's report (Appendix A 7), 
'*■>■ redaction ia not yet coinplnted. 

GAUOtCS A!n> PRVSICAI, DATA. 

TwmtT-one permanent gangpa have lieen maintained by the CommiBsion tliron|;b- 



It has been decided 
. , which waa discontinued 
■^ will probably begin 
ri<<([e pattern, aa described 



^'atnblish Cite gaage on the bridge at Ran- 
permanent gaiige in JHnnary, tK91; and 
w. It is a cable g^iuge of the Comminniou'e 
the Annual Kcportof the Cbiof of Engineers 

i?p has also been maintained tbroiighont the year at Ewinga 
'1^iaia^ Engineer Vonge. and its readings sent weekly (as are 
.^-iiin'B permanent ganitea) to this oRlee, 

■II lieen rtceived weekly tbrongliout the year from the ganjtes at 
I iiismnrck, N, Dak. ; and, during part of the year frum those at 
llak., and Wolf Point, Mont. 
^'tw gntixc* at Hennnnn, Mo., Randolph, Mo,, Leavenworth, Kann., St, Joseph 
■>I*r Works, Ma., U'bite Clond, Kar.s,, and Sioox City (Perry Creek), Iowa. 
M«k hwl IwMi temporarily rei^stahlished in May, 1893, in order to obtiiiu data 
'Mtnbg the eitnuinUnarily high water of that year, were dtacontiuued at the 
'^ Anguet. 

,">» briintd ahora gsngoB at .leffeireon City, Mo., Waverly, Mo., and Lexington, 
Ku *■>* mewed in t^plember last. 

E^> lliii|ii-(:tinD of the giiiip-a liaa been s n ti 9 factor ily pnrfoMned bv Asnistont Eogi- 
"WBnller, who hnn made three complete inapertioii' trips diiriiiK the year. 
1^ "eei.nlanfie with a renoliitioti ol the ComiiiiHSioii, linlletinB have been erected at 
" tbi Commiasion'ii gaiigee below Kansas City, Including the ropetablinhed gnnge 
■> Ktadulpih, Uo., for tho purpose of iadioating to pilots the dCly stage of water. 



3932 REPOET OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, V. 8. ARMY. 

On tLe Iiigb bridKOfi "t Sl> ClinrW, OlaB^ow, Sibley, aucl [iiindolpb, two boUct 
liav« been eTected, the one Hhowing npstTeam nud ttia other dawn stream. ** 

the othoT SMiges a similar bulletin ia usod, exhibiting flguroa uud letters of s ^ 

djmensiona th Ml those showu on tlie liigb bridge*. In order that the ■tflEeiexllib^ 
on the biilletiDB ahonhl agree na closely nspowibla with the daily pnblished rvadin 
of the Weather Burean gauges, it was decided that the bnlletins shonld indio 
heights above a plane 5.1 feet below the standard low-nalur plane of the Ulwol 
River Commiasion. DetuUed despriptiona, with drawings, of these ballntins, uU 
full acauunt of the year's eange work, are given in report of Aseiatant Engineer 
H. BUiadell (Appendix aS). 

Cikreful neasnremBnta were made during the year at all bridges o' 
Bivi^r hi^iaw Siunx City, to determine the lowest points nf siiperHtmctnre of; 
through spans, oleor opening between piers, and between piers and shore, and wid 
and batter of piers. The reanlts of these measurement« are shown in the ta) 
appended (Appendix A 3) and on the aocompanytng plate. The manner of lightt 
the above bri<!ges was also dolermtned. 

A table of river distanoee bos been oompiled, covering that portion of the ril 
between iU month and the month of the Big Sionx River, and between Port B""**" 
Mont,, and Three Forks, Mont. (Appetidti A 4). 

Assistant Engineer J. A. Seddon has been engaged dnring the year in contini^ 
the stndy of flood meaaarementa by the method of gauge relations. 

Discharge meaaurements and slope observatiooa have l)enn mads by Division 
gioeer Vonge in the vicinity of the mouth of the Oaage River. 

COMUKRCtll. STATISTICS. 

An elTort has been made to obtain, for the calendar yenr 1892, aanroiirate 
as ponmble of the amount of oommnrce on the MiSHOiiri River between Siniix . 
and the month. The method of collecting thoae AtaCirilics and the results obtal 
are given in report on this subject appended (Appendix A 1 ). 



OlSce and traveling expenses and sn.laries of Commission .. VO,' 

SurTeye, gauges, phynical data, ami palilicatiuuB 30( 

Total M, 



Appendix A 1, 
neroRT on xac couubrce of mibbouri rivrr ounma tear 1S09. 

OFPICK MlSSOltKl EtVEB COMHISSIOK. 

St. Loain, Mo., JuntSO, ISfi 

Siti ; 1 biivn the honor to submit the following report on the commerce «f 
MiiMi'iiri River butween Sioux City ( big Sioux River) and the mouth, durisg 
calendar j'ear ISifJ. 

The motliods employed were eimltar to those employed in obtaining statfaUea' 
1891, though somewhat mote elaborate. Lists were lirst obtained from theeiUVM 
of cuBtauis at Bt. Louis, Mo., Kansas City. Mo., Gt. Joseph, Mo., and Omnhft, Vi 
elving the nnmcB of all steamboats enrolled at thoae points in 1893, and plyinfl 
tne Missouri Rivor between Sioux City and the mouth in that year; also UM HM 
and uddressieB of owners and various (Iptniled information regarding Iha boat*^ 
of which is included in Tables 5 to 11. It having been learned that three otlierstM 
boats, registered, respectively, at St. Paul, Minn., Dulmaue, Iowa, and NewOrill 
La., had been eugiiaed in MiMOuri River trade in 18!)2, the dimensions, etn., of U^ 
bouts were obtsmcd from the aurveyora of onstoms at the above ports. 

Blanks coverinit in detail almoxt every nrtiole of freight carried wer* then aan 
the owners of various bouts, with u oiroular explaining the blanks, and reqneat 
that they be Hlled out. 

In most cases these blanks were returned to rae fllted out as reqnested, tiiongh I 
always in desiiijd detail, lu the oubo of the long-trndo packets, the owners of; 
boats kindly placed in my hands their fteigbt boohs, from which most of the'A 
Id relation to this class of boats in TnMe 1 was derived. 

To obtain the busincaa of such boats as had rendered no returns or the re 

whiob were not suHicienlly detailed, an nsoistnnt wns sent out from this offloA. . 
most of the boat owners that he visited kept no books, the results obtained I^j 
are mainly estimates. 



APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3933 



In an endeavor to oompile Btatistics of commerce for a stream as large as the 
Jtfissoiiriy and for a length of 811 miles, there will of necessity be items missed^ and 
the totals will naturally fall under rather than over the actual business done. At 
tbesaine time the following table, giving the amouut of freight carried, towed, and 
rafted in 1892, and (ke number or passengers, is believed to be a close appro xima- 
tion to the actual trade : 

Table 1. 





Grain. 


Live 
stock. 


Wood, 
lumber, 
and rail* 
road ties. 


Sand and 
building 
materials. 


Miscella- 
neus farm 
produce 
and gen- 
eral mer- 
chandise. 


Totals. 


Mile- tons. 


PaHsen- 
gtra. 


I^on f^. trade pack- 
ets 


Torn. 
8, 958. 

31,783.4 


Tom. 
1, 0S8. 9 

2,72L1 


Tont. 
1, 374. 5 

23,117.7 

6,260.1 
4,1)03.9 


Ton?. 
521.6 

40, 994. 6 
81, 832. 5 


Tom. 
18, 429. 3 

8,882.3 


Tom. 
30,372.3 

110, 499. 1 

91, 092. 6 
4. 908. 9 


6,112,179.6 

1,411,529.6 

327,56L7 
522,700.8 


No. 
4,430 

*41,823 


Short;- trade pack- 
ets and miacel- 
luiioous steam- 
era. 


Sana, and wood 
•te^aniera and 
ort r sveti 


R^ft«^.::;:::::: :::::: 




















Totals 


40,74L4 


3,810.0 


38,66L2 


120, 348. 7 


27,3U.6 


236,872.9 


8,373,971.7 


*46, 273 



* Includes 34,693 excorsion passengers. 

le following comparative table gives the totals for the different classes of trade 
"J, 1S1J2 and 1891, statistics for previous years not being sufficiently detailed to admit 
^^ Bxich comparison : 

Table 2. 



ir^'^K-trade packet* 

^""^■t^ trade packeta andmiecella- 

o^*p^»s steamers 

^^*«- and wood steamers and 



^**^Kes 




Total u'timber of tons 
carried. 


Mile-tons. 


Passengers. 


1892. 


1891. 


1892. 


1891. 


1892. 


1891. 


30, 372. 3 

110,449.1 

91,092.6 


31,458.4 

73,866.3 

71, 103. 3 
3, 118. 1 


6,112,179.6 
1.411,529.6 

827. 561. 7 

522. 700. 8 


6,4W,472.8 

1,455,627.6 

145, 868. 7 
158. 262. 3 


4,450 
*41,823 


6,000 
8,000 


4. 908. 9 


• 










236, 872. 9 


189, 546. 1 


8,373,97L7 


8, 197, 231. 4 


*46, 273 


14,000 



^Includes 34.693 excursion passengers. 

g.^^ ahonld be stated that in the above tables the river commerce of the port of 
oiouxCity is included; but, in reducing to mile-tons the freight carried between 
a ?*^ City and points above, only the distance between the landing at Sioux City 
*^^ "ttlie month of the Big Sioux Kiver is used as a multiplier. 

°^rt of the apparent increase in mile-tons in 1892 is due to the obtaining of more 
?^Plete statistics of the rafting business for that year. A considerable increase 
"•Joccurredj however, in tlie sand and lumber trade. 

. V^« following table gives the number and total registered tonnage of steamboats 
PlyiHg on the Missouri River in the years 1889-1892: 

Table 3. 



Enrolled at— 



^J-«tilB.Mo.... 
S«»^nty,Mo. 
^•'^••oh.Mo... 
?»»•*%, Ikebr... . 
{J^«ville,Ky... 

gttbitoue,Iowa.. 
«^OrieanR,La. 



1892. 



No. 

24 

12 

3 

11 



1 
1 
1 



53 



Tom. 

2,562.78 

2, 980. 08 

148.88 

912.29 



1801. 



1890. 



No. 

19 

18 

5 

12 



324.00 

58.32 

358.31 



Tom. 

, 2, 504. 31 

3, 308. 13 

205.41 

794.21 



No. 
18 
17 

5 
10 

1 



7,344.75 ! 54 



6, 962. 66 



51 



Tom. 

1.840.61 

1,270.33 

277. 62 

504.72 

1, 130. 34 



1889. 



No. 

16 

15 

5 

13 



Tons. 
1, 812. 66 
1, 626. 26 
277.62 
1, 329. 85 



5,023.62 1 49 .'S, 046. 09 

I I 



3934 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARHT. 

The stramboAts engaged in Mianoari River trade are employed as paeketi, in abort- 
trip coasting trade, as towboats, as excursion boats, or as ferryboats. Nearly all of 
them are at ditferent times employed for a yariety of purposes. 

In addition to the steamboats there are six giisoline bt)ats. which are not anbject 
to Goyemment inspection. Their dimensions lange from 57 feet by 16 feet to TO feet 
by 14 feet. The freight carried by these l>oats is included in the totals of Table 1. 

The gauge observers under the Comiuission record and report weekly the number 
and nani<« of steamboats passing their respective gauges. From these reports and 
from the known tonnage of the boats, the following tabic, for six of the gangs 
stations, is made up : 

Table 4. 



Locality. 



St. Charles, Mo 

Cole Creek, Ho. (3.6 miles ab<»ve Herman d) 

JefffTsun City, Mo 

]{o(>n vUU*. Mo 

KHnmm Citv, Mo 

bioiuc City,' la 



Number of 


steamers 


passed. 


Up. 


Down. 


75 


76 


198 


109 


81 


82 


69 


70 1 


18 


10 


19 


17 



Hegistered tonnags. 



Up. 



20.792.06 
36.671.46 
30, 4.'(8. 01 
21,190.95 
17.381.22 
3.411.64 



DowB> 



96.156164 
S7.06l.87 
W. 837. 21 
21. 627. 71 
17.456.16 

8.: 



Rates of innnranco on the river have remained unchanged since Jnly 1. 1889. 
They are believed to be higher than on any other river comiMuruble in size with the 
Missouri. 

No n«4W line of transportation on the river below Sioux City has been established 
during the Hscal year i892-'93. The steamer John L. Ferguson, however, which in 
1892 ran betwof n St. Louis and Portland, Mo., 138 miles, has, duriug the spring of 
1803. been running as far as Jetferson City, 169 miles. 

The steamer State of Kan$a$f of the Kansas City and Missouri River Transporta- 
tion Couipany*s line, was sohl about May 20, 1893, for use in the lower Mississippi 
trHde. The steamer State of MUiouri, of the same line, hut which has never been m 
serviee on the Missouri Kiver, will, it is expected, take the place of the State of 
KanHoe, 

The Farmers' Packet and Transportation Company, spoken of in my last annnal 
re|>ort, were prevented, by accidents to both of their bouts, ttom entering tha 
Missouri River trade last season. The company has since gone out of business. 



PPBKDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSODHI RrVEE COMMI88ION. 













Tear 








Di,o..ii™.. 






KaniB. 


Where liuilt. 


DXeorlnot 
tu-pMlloii, 


i 


1 


■a 

1 


TaEal 


Ewlng 


OnilBl-Cltj-. 

Pill.liurg.l 








Fal. 


ftrt. 


ffrl 






is slii'iS 


IM 
B5.S 


aV 


i 










;Si:i;:::::::; 


iiu":"'.'- 


W.4S 

76.84 






18*1 A|.r. Jii. laos 1 Bl.g 














I?.''m,'!"!!"'i 


""■■■::■:;■ 


»:!: S.S 


T4.3S 
K.OT 

li 

81!. 06 
07.40 
411. W 


■. . 


■ il 28.8 


3.B 
3.1 

3.3 

V 

4.« 


1 ■.,.■.',■..,'..' 




111 ::.:■;:: 




Apr. ll! IMji 


7M 

1^ 

l?r 


2H 
IS- 7 

11:1.5 

S! 

zs.s 


iS*::::::::: 


B, i'lli' 




Sf.SlS 


M.08 
43. OS 

I50.M 

,S:g 




i 

1 


J 




Mcinrcni 




















ii!! 


H 


i 

J_ 

i 

3 

a 

s 

1 

2 

i 
1 


1 
1 


1 


1 


! 


6 


F1q«. 


KcinP. 


i 

IB 


j 

1 








i 

BO 
31 
33 

i 


"so 


s 
se 

IB 


■? 

8 
I 

IS* 

Mi 
« 

let 


Ft. 

3 

* 
3 

i 

!! 

6 

h 

e 

31 


1 

I 

1 
1 

j 

i 

I 

i 

1 
3 


Tt. 
1-1 

is 

i 

1: 

as 

15 
34 

B 

2S 

la 


Jn. 
38 

i 

a 

43 

4a 

40 
40 

SO 

43 


^8 






18 j 3.1 












, 




1! 
13 


















. 


1 






















n 




















no 
40 

w 




> 
s 

• 




"4K..i::::. 


I 


A 


■1 


(7 


J 








if:' 




S 


» 


'". 












M 




20 










i>-i. 








2D 


:::::; 



























3936 BEPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, V. S. ABUY. 
Table 5. — Liit 0/ »ltamir» pljfing on the MittouH Eicer, tie. — Contlnuetl. 



A.W.EwIng 

Bdntotl 

Black Ulamand... 

Volfhia.Hols'.'.'.'.'. 

Edna 

yawn 

Fredoriclt 

GucuuadB 

JaauIeHaTH 

JntinM. Abbott... 

John Bcrlnun 

J'ubD L. FsTgaHm . 

JoboKHllKn 

Llttla£ai-l«,No.2. 

Hay Bryan 

Patienca 

Pauline 

Fia^ak.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 

PoUrWnvo 

Kojnl 

SMllBFinher 




C. C. Tnmar. Oiage City. Mo. 



_. H.HchliBf.SowH 

JoiiiB Simley. St LDOi-. Mq, 
Dulphlu I'ranapoitatlon Co., 8t 

Laait.Mo. 
L. C . Lohtnan , JefDrion Citr.HoL 
U. Able, SI. Cbarb^B, Mo. 



Soathern Traniporlatlon uu 
Lumber Co., St Loiila. Uo. 

■Waaliinjtnn Parry Co., Waab 

In Eton. Mo. 
BeuTcy H. Moore, JeOaniDn City 

SL Lonle. Keokuk and TTortb 
Weawm Kallrowl Co. 

Loni* M. L«aa. A lion. m. 

Hermann Feny andPackatCo. 
normwn. Uo. 

Buga A Loomiii IceandTniia 
portntlon Co., St Loula. Mo. 

Bermaau Ferry and Faoket Co. 





Wbore built 


Year 


nateoflaet 
inapecllou. 


Dimcnaloni. 




Kauie. 


1 


■2 

1 


■3 

1 


Total 
loDuaf.. 






1S90 

isno 

IIUT 




F»,. 


FHt. 

|! 

IS. 8 
18.$ 


rtal. 

4.6 

S.) 


"-•^fK 






Mayas, esai mis 








J^'naJSi;::;. 










^.^ «"'"""' 




a^Y, am 


m. 










28. 
a. 


Is 






I^U'lgnX.::::;:; 


l»l4iMl5lll,i»B2! TT.7 
IHUT ....do 1 8J. 


















' 








■ 



APPENDIX Z Z BEPORT OF MI6BOUBI RIVEB COHH188ION. 3!)37 

Tablk 0. — Lilt of tteameri ptjiiTig «ii tAe Jflamuri Birtr, ttc. — Continued. 



■!i S 









I*.... 



e&cbriat 



IflffBd.... 

ka- 



. Bt«l.- 
. 8(«el.- 



Stsel.. 
SIkI.. 



. BtCDl.. 



Mluonri Kirn «aid 
opnoflite « h u r e 5 
Diilea mtwvc suil be- 
Iiiw. 

UiaiUalppiandtiltiu- 

taiT rlT»r« 2.WW 
UlBSOtiriRlrerloiV 
poaiU iliur.. at fsr- 



tnry river* tWO 
mll»< nod nliirn. 
Uliounrl Kivrr ind 
oppoaile ithoni ut 

Uluoaii and Irlhii- 
I»rv river* 1,000 



Einua City andUliiuuri River 
Trail Bp.i'Iatiou Co.. Kanaaa 
(It,- Si". 

A.lI.Eadnuiduthen.Boonvllle, 



John B. Gam. U>vaaii. HI. 

Argenlfoa StnH Co.. Kinus 
Ciiy. Uo. 

JohnPorUr, BooDville, Mo. 

H alo Chnniuaii, A.rmaurdHle. 
Kans. 

John Bnrruae. Miuni, Mo. 

DeWltt N. Smllh. BooDTille, 
Uo. 



nKporlalloD Co.. Lei- 
SKRiufli"^.CiuEliDlt, DeWltl, Ud. 



CiT^'fi'lI^ 



■HG 03 247 



3938 EEPOBT 0? THE CHIEF OP ENGINBER8, V. S. ARMY. 

















Yenl 














Kame. -Where bnllt. 

1 ■ 


D«woriMt 

inapeclloD. 


f 


lit 


Tntnl 


1 

HHTjLynrl. ■ WliiteClon 

Belle of tSrownillle....: GnKbin.UI 


,KaB. 


IHK! 


M.r. 1,1882 


"J. 


27- M 






M.J TO, IW.2 1 « j la , 3^ 














{ 


1 




Ed^om. 


laim. ■ 


Kamo. 


S 

It 

f 


i 

1 


Is 

Si 

1 


1 


h 


1 


i 


HI 


i 


Fli.«. 








» 




30 


1 
i 


Ineh. 


^H 


I«elM. 




















1 














1 




Boilcn. 


I.lreDSHltomaDD— 




»™. 


St«el 


i 
J 


1^ 


Name und Mrtflr™ of iol.. or 
mau-^iugoiiiicr. 




Iron.. 

&t«a. 


1BB3 


120 

US 

!20 


«l»«nrl liirer 10 
D>il>-!i nhovB una lie. 
I^w While tloart. 

MiMoiiTl BiTi-r be- 


John H, Ljnda, While Cloud, 
F.J. ClKkson, Klwqpd. K»n.. 


Itolle of Bnvnvllle . . . 














irj nv 


-"■ 





















Whore bant 


irew. 


Datcoriut 




■ 


Kuue. 


4 


1 


% 


Tntal 


An<lrew9.1l<^nglt... 


fUoniC^tr, lows 


ISM 

1882 
IRM) 
1879 

iS 

18W 


srlsii 

n^U (1.1892 
Adk.H.1S>2 

July It. tern 

8."?t 8. ISM 
Aug. IE, 1892 


98.2 

n 

A 

Hi' 


30 

33. a 

17.8 

la 

2e:a 


Fift. 
3.5 

as 
a 

3.7 


^?t 


ritV^'^nce::;;:::::: 


SSSftS-i-'i.":'.;::: 

SIdui City. Iinr* 


^^■1? 


M»r»_lS.lhrtmrlt 

Vint SlillliiB* 

CMUlin.-.T 

Jlu Lelglitvn 


21. n 












PS 













APPENDIX ZZ — BEFOBT OF HIS801IIU BITEB COHUTBSIOIT. 3939 
Tabiji 8.— Lhttfttmrntn plfiwf Mi tilt. Mittouri Aivrr, elc— Continued. 



CaiilciUBnIl. ...... 

JiHlaL.K 

bit Chum 

liMlilland 

Mnrl-BcBucU... 

CS5-":::;;- 



? 



1\ U 



CH^olk Batt . 
JBd«L.K 

UtblCMid... 

4mb!((i.3... 

Inbid 

Tht «lllllnsa. 
CMiUB 



IHeel.. 
SMel.. 
Steal.. 



< Ulii>iBi<[ipi ud Irfb- 

L-'I^hlppL^nud trill. 

jUry nvi'ni. 

lliuii*il>rl Hud Irlb- 

HiuiHliijii'iind tiib- 

mil' trlliu.] 



i_ I tuyrim*. betirt 
" Fort Rmi!-" - 
[ Hiobnn. 



MW.-iri 
ferrri^m 

Ul»iilKi>l;ipi 



«a%, 



Klunnri RJrer i 

U°ilS^i|M.'L1!d'li 

IflniDuH BiTsr 
l*lHrtT,3. I1jHi.,i 



D.Ayo»,yonc».Diicm Counly. 

E. A. uiininy niid llmnn Mi]D« 
Uilliue Co.. Mimii (Uly. luira. 

YBDkluD BrUlKH dt Kirrv L'u., 
YauktHH, S. bilk. 

M. K. Kins, Cliimliarlalii, B. 
Dak. 

'i Jos. I>acb, Sloni Clly, Iowa. 

R. A. Talbot, CuTJnetnn, Nebr. 

(ioo. ADdrmoii, Dantur, Nsbr. 

ilniiiCiIyPiuketCo,.Sioui 

Kick Mabc'stauTClly, Iowa. 

B. S. Ilulniw, Sldiii CitJ. Iowa. 

C. A!f, W, n-^j.O, 



3940 BBPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ABUT. 

























Dl„„„.i™.. 




K.™o- 


Where biUlt. 


v„, UaleoflMt 


1 


5 


1 


TutAl 


Libble Conger 


Dubnque, Ion 




1 
1878. U., 18, ISM, 


Fttt. 


ftrt 


J'Mt. 


331.09 








i 

1 


FuasenirBni. 


Znglne.. 


BoDen. 


KlUKI. 


2 
If 


1 




1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


FIOM. 

III 




u 


» 


100 


00 


40 2 


It 


'"i 


a 


r-;rt. 


Jim, 


1.^, 




' 




BuilBM. 








i 


s 


li 


,,„,...,,,.„,...- 






s 


! 


|i 

g 
S 

185 


























"' 


ry r'i 


L>r. 






Wl.. 









TnUl , 
3 tonnage 

I 



IE 



APPENDIX Z Z — BEPOBT OK MISSOUBI BIVBR COMMISSION. 3941 
TablrIO. — JAtt of ttta-mert plying on the Mlueuri River, tie. — Cootianed. 





Bollen. 


Li.'eti«i<l lo ma Od- 




Kama. 


1 

1 


if 


Namf snfl ■rtdirn of nle Or 
■uuiUjilDg o»uer. 


Ctty of Florano 


steel.. 


\i.b,. 
1883 j is;; 


Wry riv«.. 


Ld"™Mo. 

















T»i 
















Same. 


"•'•""■ 


IlntB of lost 
iiiHprcUun. 




i 


i 


Tntnl 




Diibu^Qe,IoiT 




1M5 




"ft 


21 


": 














. 


-»'"»•■■■ 


EEBiiie*. 


Builen 




KmnD. 


-S 

It 


1 

1 




^ 


1 

5 


i 


i 
1 


i 
1 


1 


10 


iiei. 

i 






eo 






2 


Jiu. 

1. 


J-Mf. 


1 


10 


Jni. 


r«A«. 






1 






Boll<T». 


I.l.:fln8efl lo rnn on- 




»».. 


1 

1 


i 


E 

h 
f 


Nmi..>j.nflortrtresiiofsoleoc 
iimiiugliiit owuor. 








i6. 


















W 


J. rl-v 


"■ 

















Very Tenpectfully, jonr obedient ecrvaut, 

aut. Cnl. Chas. R. S 

nifdMi ifttniui-t Uiv'er C'ommiMwn. 



3942 BEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEEUS, U. 8. ARMY. 

Appendix A 2. 

TABLB OF GKOGIlAnilCAL POSITION'S. 

Latitude and longitade of points incidfDtally detenuined in connection with the 
secondary* trianiriilation of themlHsonri Kiver. — These results depend upon the lati- 
tude and longitude of the Morrison Observutory at iiliis^ow, Mti., as puUliahed in 
1891, namely: Dome Morrison Observatory , latitude = 3^ 13' 45.59"; longitudes 

920 49' 30.00". 

BELOW FORT BENTON. 



Object. 



SW. comer MC. 9, T. 43 N., B. 1 £ 

KW. oornfir 8M. 5, T. 44 N., K. 1 K 

Church (npire), I)ntn>w, Mo 

Cstholic cnnrch (Hnire), Washington, Mo 

Wrho(»l (Gupols). WsMhUifrton, Mo 

SB.dinieruf NW. ioftec. 21. T. 44 N., R. 1 W 

Brick church (apiro), New Haven, M(i 

V£. comer ufNW. ^ of aec. 12, T. 45 N.. R. 4 W 

Quarter poet between eeca. 17 & 18, T.46 N., R. 4 W 

CenterofNE. lofMro. 31, T. 46 N., R. 4 W 

White Houfie hotel (flac fiule). Hermann. Mo 

8W. comer Buckars Houae, Hermann, Mo 

KW.coraerof8W.iof SB.^. aec. 7, T. 45 N.,R.« W 

Stone monument on left banx bluff on county line between Callaway ai.d 

Mont|{omer}' couutiea. Mo 

Center of aec. 32. T. 48 N., R. 7 W 

Qnarter poet on E. line of aeo. 24, T. 45 N., R. 9 W i 

Center of aec. 23, T. 45 N., R. 9 W ' 

8W. comer aec. 34, T.45K.. R. 9 W ' 

8W. comorofT. 49K.. R. 9W 

Quarter poat on N. line ot aec. 22, T. 44 N., R. 11 W 

Capitol (dome), Jefferaon City, Mo 

8W. ouraer b*<. 13, T. 44 N., R. 12 W 

Starter poat on W. line of aec. 24, T. 45 N.. R. 12 W 
iaaonri SUlo Uni\-eraity (dome) (burned 18U2), Columbia. Mo 

8E. corner of T. 4« N., R. 13 W 

SW. comer H0C.15, T. 45 N.. R. 13 W 

8 W. comer aec. 15, T.46N., R. 13 W 

8W. comer aec. 16 T. 47 N., R. 13 W 

Qnarter poat between aecra. 1 and 2, T. 46 N., R. 14 W 

SW. comer aec. 32, T. 48 N., R. 14 W 

SW. corner aec^ 22, T. 48 N., R. 14 W 

8W. comer aec. 6, T. 48 N.. R. 14 W 

Center aec. 5, T. 48 N., R. 15 W 

8 W. comer aec. 29, T. 4ttN., R. 15W 

Center aec. 34. T. 48 N.. R. 17 W 

S W. comer aec. 25, T. 41* N.. R. 17 W 

Pritchett Inatitute icujmla), Gla8<;ow. Mo 

Bant let church apire, blaagow. Mo 

SW. corner Ghwj|j[ow UotcL GUiHgow. Mo 

Middlo pier Glaagow Bridge. Glangow. Mo 

Center of aec. 13, T. 52 N., R. 18 \\ 

••Old Ash Comer" between aeca. 13 & 14, T. 50 N., R. 18 W | 

Center of aec. 13, T. 51 N., R. ID W 

Center of aec. 25, T. 61 N.. R. 19 W 

Center of aec. 1. T. 51 N.. R. 19 W 

SE. comer of SW. 4 of aec. 16, T. 52 N., R. 19 W 

NE.comerof NE.} of SE. 4 8cc.il. T. 52 X., R. 2u W j 

Bninawick Seminary (cupola). Bruimwick. Mo 

NW. comer SW.i,NE.i aw. 26, T. 53 N.. R. 21 W 

SE. comer SW. 4 of aec. 4, T. 51 N., R.22 W 

Center of aec. 27, T. 51 N., R. 27 W 

Standpipe, Lexinfirton. Mo 

Court-houae (cupola), Loxincton. M" 

N W. comer of aec. 8, T. 51 N., R. 27 W 

8W. comer of aec. 23. T. 51 X .. R. 28 W 

8W. comer of SE. J. NE. 4 aec. 29. T. 51 X., R. 28 W 

Court-bouae (cupola). IndeiH'ndenco. Mo 

SE.comcrof NE.i.8ec.4,T.50N.. R.32 W 

NE. corner of ace. 3, T. 50 N ., R. 33 W 

Flazntaff, Fort Leavenworth, KanH 

Smokestack electric plant, Atchison. Kans 

Spire on Central nchool. Ati-hiHon. Kjuik 

Spire on Soldiers' Orphan Home, At<hifton. Kans 

Spire on convent, St. Joseph. Mn 

CH>nrt>hou8e (cupola), St. tJuwepb, Mo 

Smokestack, pump house. St. Jusciih, Mo 

Klaif pole, nomial sctiool, Peru, Xebr 

Chui-ch spire, Watson. Mo 

Water tower, Nebraaka CMty. Nebr 



Latitude. 


I Lon|{;itiide. 


o # n 


O ' w 


38 28 15. 1 


90 ft5 30.5 


38 35 18. 9 


9U 54 4t.O 


38 .35 :{1.26 


90 50 06. as 


38 33 :i0.96 


91 00 51 SI 


38 33 20.80 


91 00 &!.» 


38 33 UH.2 


91 U2 01.4 


' 38 36 25. 84 


91 U 11.85 


38 40 06.5 


91 19 W. I 


38 44 5&8 


91 28U.2 


38 41 56. 


91 84 S7.8 


38 42 24.01 


91 86 01.30 


38 44 25.75 


91 29 49. 14 


38 89 43.1 


01 87 62.4 


38 42 65.6 


9138 48.8 


38 42 44.6 


91 44 00. 2 


38 38 41.6 


91 61 62. 


38 39 26. 3 


91 64 22.0 


38 36 14.7 


91 66 35. 1 


38 37 20. 1 


91 50 42. 8 


38 33 11.3 


92 00 38.2 


38 34 45.22 


92 10 22.84 


38 33 15. 9 


92 12 16. 8 


38 ;t9 45. 6 


92 14 06.5 


38 56 44. 29 


92 19 45.22 


38 4:1 01. 5 


92 19 65. V 


88 38 20.5 


92 20 1&2 


38 45 41.9 


92 23 12. 


38 51 16. 4 


92 24 12.0 


38 46 04. 1 


92 24 40.6 


38 51 53. 9 


92 28 54.2 


38 55 49. 8 


92 29 48.9 


38 58 33.0 


02 33 03.8 


:i» 57 00. 3 


92 34 58.9 


39 W 21. 2 


92 38 S4.7 


3H 58 13.8 


92 45 45.8 


39 00 39.1 


92 47 34.6 


30 13 37. 48 


92 50 04.70 


39 13 35.98 


92 60 39. 68 


80 13 34. 86 


92 50 50.08 


39 13 19.4 


92 61 03.0 


39 18 .34. 6 


92 63 08.4 


39 08 12.9 


92 53 58.6 


30 11 45.9 


92 66 02.2 


39 10 13.9 


92 56 13. 9 


39 03 23.0 


92 56 37.1 


39 16 47.8 


92 50 33.0 


39 18 18.2 


93 03 24. 1 


39 25 33. 6 


93 07 55.6 


39 22 39.1 


03 14 0L7 


39 13 39. 8 


93 19 28.5 


39 11 34.4 


93 52 31.0 


39 11 23.53 


93 52 45. 84 


39 11 05.05 


93 52 50.58 


39 11 54.5 


93 57 18. 7 


39 12 18.0 


94 01 06. 8 


39 11 54.4 


94 03 42.2 


39 05 30. 89 


94 24 69.81 


39 10 21.0 


94 29 88. 7 


39 09 5M. 3 


94 35 28.7 


39 21 19. 20 


94 55 10. 91 


39 33 41.22 


95 06 54. 21 


39 33 50.49 


95 07 10. 88 


39 35 17. 81 


03 06 44.23 


89 45 45. 28 


94 50 41.83 


39 46 04. 04 


94 51 18.88 


30 48 19. 18 . 


94 52 29. 38 


40 28 28.09 


95 43 55. 00 


40 28 60. 73 


95 J7 20. 84 


40 40 30.02 


05 51 58.58 



NDIX Z Z REPORT OF MlSi:>OURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3943 



BELOW FORT IJEXTON-Continued. 



Object. 



Latitude, i Longitude. 



d aftyhini, XobrnMka City, Nebr 

M>la)* I'liittHiiioiiib, Nebr 

r. I'liiitMiiiuiitb, Nebr 

uuU GoudeT ic Siirvt-y nttitioD, Omaha, 'Sv'iv 

(oupoU). OiDAba, Nebr 

uterw«irkM. Floreuce, Nebr 

r^e (cupula), ItlHir. Nebr 

? (bflfry), Decatur, Nebr 

^hoolbouM!. Ona wa, luwa • . 

ill (S^ Btaiion). Siuux City, luwa 

court. Iif>uac. .^iuiix Tity,* Iowa 

pie. Siuux City, Iowa *. 

jpie, Jell'tirHun. S. Dak 

un^h Hteeple, Klk Puiiit. S. Dak , 

iiokcstack), Wetitfleld, Iowa 

on city liall. VenniliioD. S. Dak 

liveraily. Vurinillion, S. Dak 

n«liau MiAMion hcIiooI, ^aiiice Agfitcy. S. Duk 

pic. N W. part of .Spriii^ti«-ld, S. Dak 

' vf colle;;o, Yankton, S. Dak 

f, Uonlioiume, S. Dak 

Late lusaut) ARyliim of South Dakota 

oveniincnt schmd building, Vauktou Agency, S. Dak 

: church, ^liHRi^m hill, S. Dak 

iranka State iiui* ou riiihi bank bluff 

»urt-houae, Tvndall, S. Dak 

t. Kandall, ». bak 

ill. S. Dak 

itte 



college, Eaat Pierro, S. Dak 
court-house, IMeri e, S. Dak 



II (RmokoAUck), Forest City, S. Dak 
Buite 



a Church (spire) 

ort Yat4tH, If. Dak 

hool house, Winona, N.Dak 
s ( highest point) 



Butte 

court-house, B smarck, N. Dak 

ulrctnd bri<lgo, Uisniaritk. N. I>ak 

■ of upstream truss of niiddk* Hpan of railioad bridge, Bis- 
Dak 



>f capitol, Bismarck, N. Dak 

court-house, Mandan, N. Dak 

Jn{te<l Status 804l hoiiAe, Uock Haven, N. Dak 

ry), Coal Harbor, N. Dak 

•p, Stanton, N. Dak 

> (cupola), Stanton, N. D.ik 

.46 and 147 N.. Ks. 84 and K5 W 

ission school. Fort Bcvtli<tld, X. Dak 

'ort Stevenson. N. Dak 

Saddle Mountain 

Bag pole), Willi.Hton, N.Dak 

ik, Williston, N. Dak 

;tion. Trenton. N. Dak 

alion. Fort Biiford, X. Dak 

rworks. Fort Bufurd. X. Dak 

jrt Bu ford. X . Dak 

ttonri;;lit bank bluff of MiMstMiri Biver, on State line between 
ind X. Dakota. Hearing from Triangulaiion Station Ft-rrv, 

;. ; distancoK 0*J< fwt *.. 

iknear Ft»rt Bui'ord, Mont 

»e, Lanark, Mont 

uff 



nt, on middle biitte of three. SK. of Triangulatiou Station 



40 41 

41 00 
41 01 
41 15 
41 15 
41 20 

41 »3 

42 00 
42 01 
42 2U 
42 29 
42 30 
42 36 
42 41 
42 45 
42 46 
42 46 
42 50 
42 51 
42 52 
42 53 
42 54 
42 55 
42 55 
42 56 

42 59 

43 02 
43 35 

43 57 

44 21 
44 22 

44 58 

45 00 
45 11 

45 15 
40 05 

46 00 
46 23 
46 29 
46 38 
46 48 
46 49 

46 49 
46 49 
46 49 

46 52 

47 30 
47 19 
47 19 
47 24 
47 30 
47 34 

47 51 

48 08 
48 08 
48 04 
47 59 
47 58 
47 60 



10.14 

30.66 

06.43 

33.89 

36.1 

32.90 

0L16 

19.53 

26.41 

35.65 

43.48 

50.14 

12.62 

00.40 

37.93 

42.99 

59.40 

21. 10 

25.23 

48.13 

36.52 

41.94 

12.90 

23.20 

00.76 

35. 03 

57.46 

20 

52 

46.16 

06.78 

:iO 

42.93 

57 

18.80 

23.31 

23.92 

53 

35 

22 

26.32 

00.23 

02.39 

09.18 

52.08 

20.53 

30.17 

10.77 

15.00 

51.8 

29.58 

05.J25 

38 

15.41 

33.07 

09.45 

53.86 

50.89 

12.68 



47 58 08.22 

48 00 07. 09 
48 Ort 28. 85 
48 04 42 



ik, Cnlbort.son, Mont 

ik, Big Muddy, Mont 

146, Bclair, Mont 

ik, ( 'alais. Mont 

ouHe. Poplar, Mont 

?ar CheUea Siding. Minit 

•. S. StorehouBC. WoITh Point, Munt 

»e, < )8wego. Mont 

ik, I^nox, Mont 

le, Kintyre, Mont 



(irtm rod) . 
9 (iron roil) 



48 01 
48 08 
48 08 
48 OH 
48 U7 
48 06 
48 07 
48 04 
48 03 
48 03 
48 04 

47 59 

48 07 
47 80 



52 

30.36 

44.52 

44.04 

27.35 

35 

60.50 

41.31 

21.02 

40.25 

19.04 

08 

29. J3 

00.55 



o ' 

95 51 
95 5:1 
95 53 

05 56 

95 56 

96 57 

06 09 
06 15 
06 05 
06 24 
06 24 
06 27 
06 83 
06 41 
06 37 
06 55 

06 55 

97 51 

07 54 

07 23 
97 45 
97 24 

08 22 
07 16 
Ort 28 

07 51 

08 83 
00 13 
00 36 

100 19 
100 21 
100 12 
100 17 
100 2& 
100 16 
100 37 
100 35 
100 37 
100 38 
100 52 
100 46 
100 40 

100 40 
100 46 
100 53 

100 53 

101 90 
101 22 



23 
26 
57 



101 
101 
101 

101 20 

102 43 

103 87 
103 37 
103 60 
103 50 

103 60 

104 00 



II 

21.73 

26. 13 

14.38 

37.08 

38 

34.17 

23.56 

16.68 

53.60 

57.60 

17.25 

33.01 

37.41 

00.35 

50.93 

52.03 

27.82 

14.45 

03.80 

25.28 

47.10 

14.65 

49.27 

45.61 

40.58 

58.16 

36.41 

15 

15 

13.80 

0L50 

27 

12.83 

50 

10.84 

41.77 

55.27 

05 

58 

42 

69.40 

43.43 

35.45 

5L94 

28.00 

20.05 

28.70 

57.47 

04.58 

24 

01. 6H 

11.66 

30 

23.48 

26.40 

06.08 

20.15 

30.03 

0&05 



104 02 32.61 
104 02 84.20 
104 21 40. 13 
104 22 24 



104 25 
104 30 
104 96 
104 38 

104 40 

105 11 
105 20 
105 38 

105 52 

106 02 
106 08 
106 18 

106 31 

107 07 



80 

54.70 

47.17 

08.00 

44.51 

31 

12.70 

41.41 

57.88 

31.27 

28.00 

06 

50.22 

33.74 



3944 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 



ABOVE FOET BEKTON. 




Object 



Latitade. 



u 



North ctairaney Mootoaa Smelter, near Great Foils, Mont ; 47 32 

P.B.M.Xo.41* 47 27 

P. B. M.No.38* 47 25 

P. B. M. No. 37* (4 fet't N\V. fnmi ceuter of hoc. 24, T. 9 N., R. 1 E) 47 2:J 

SW. comer sec.lO, T. 17 N., K. 1 W 47 19 

P.B. M. No.36* 47 18 

Spire of CiirUtian Charch, Caacade, Mont 47 10 

P. B.M.No.34^ •. ! 47 16 

P. B.M. No.33' 47 13 

Flaff pole at Ferry Landins. Craig, Mont 47 04 

N W. comer upper chord of railroad bridge, Townaend, Mont 40 30 

Belfry public achool, Townaend. Mont 46 19 

Chimney of amelter, Toeton, Mont 46 09 



01.75 


111 18 


46.41 


111 18 


40.80 


111 80 


04.45 


111 81 


19.19 


U18i 


36.04 


111 88 


13.01 


111 48 


07.57 


111 41 


35.75 


111 48 


25.52 


111 87 


03.78 


111 81 


14.13 


1U81 


49.30 


UIM 



iOitll 

8ia 

83.41 
00.88 
60.» 
88.18 
88.81 
60.68 
OL88 
U.88 



* For deaoription of P. B. M'a. aee Appendix A 2 of Report of Miaaoiiri River CommUnion, im. 



Appendix A 4. 

TABLE OF DISTANCES, MlSSOrill RIVKK, FROM ITS MOUTH TO BIG SIOUX RIVRR, AHB 
FROM FORT BKNTON, MONT., TO TIIRKF. FORKS, MONT., AS MKASl.'RKD OX X^W- 
WATER CHANNEL LINE FROM MAPS UF SURVKY8 MADK IN 1890. 

[Compiled in the olBce of the Miaaoori River C(»mmi88ion.] 

IfOTB.-^Diatancea are given in miles and ientlis. 

The letters **R'* und **L" indicate the risht or left bank rcapeotively, goinji^ downntream. 

When a parontheiiiM follows the name or a locality, it is for the purpoae of indicating the exact 
point to whicii the distance is nieaanred. The word " foot" afler names of islands indicates the potat 
of high land faitheat downstream. 

The locadon of landings on islands in indicated by " N. S.," north side, and " 3. S.," south side of 
island. 

MOUTH TO BIO SIOUX RIVSB. 



Locality. 



On which bank. 



St. Louis (Eads Bridge) to mouth of Missouri River 

Mouth of Mis ouri River to — 

Mobile Island (foot) 

Huffs Land ins L 

C.-ora Island (foot) 

Bellefonuine Bluffs (old fort) U 

Cold Water Creek R 

Bellf fontainn Bridge 

Bucks Landing L 

Jamestown R 

Little Ishind (foot) 

Evans and Winittons Landing L 

Kralnieyers Landing L 

Bradshaws Landing L 

Frans Landintj; L 

Carrioos Lancnng R 

Pelican Island (foot) 

Kuhns Lower Landing L 

Kuhns Upper Landing L 

Mintera Landing ■ L 

Minuemeyers Landing I L 

Potters or Barwise Landing I 

Yellow D«»g or Kortelmeiers Laudiug ! I* 

Black Walnut Lauding L 

M usics or Halls Ferry : It 

Uaielers Laadinff : L 

Mullanphy Istand (foot) '. 

Burgea Landing I S.S. Mullanphy iHlnnd. 

Swrenys Landing • do , 

Orricks Landing ■ L 

Iriihres Landing ! R 

La Barges Landing I L 

C'raxy Point I L 



Mn« 



17.6 

.1 

2.9 

8.8 

0.8 

7.0 

8.2 

8.4 

&5 

9.1 

0:8 

0.3 

9.5 

9.6 

10.7 

12.2 

12.4 

12.9 

13.5 

U 

14.7 

15.6 

17.4 

17.7 

18 

18.6 
19.9 
20. }( 
31.2 
22.4 
22.8 
23. e 





1.0/ wtp 


ratioDt. 






Second 




Bencb marts to »Licli re- 








! 


Nomber. 


tlOD. 


Eeii»rli». 










F«,. 






s 


T.B.M,23 


3^Bea 






III 1 

353. 

S!:SI 

383. 
40S-5B 

483. -iB 

' fi03. 
SB3. 

72h!43 






Q.B.M 


1T7.3JB 






g.bVm 


zoo. 830 


I Bpu 1 DMd oc«Bioo»ll J In high w»lOT by boat. 






G.B. M. [».]..-. 


»1.2» 


! Span 3 oud Is high wutnt b; boita. 




i 




3M.2M 

33«.BSS 
!Ta.IS9 


Spiuia om-l occMlonally lu high wM« by boil«. 
Spaiu 2 and 3 Bl» <i»d in high water bf bokM. 




B.M.V[C.p.]- 
(i.B.M.[iu].... 






(J.B.M 


377.683 
4(19.707 








G.B.M 


M8.31B 










»L2M 














G.B.M 


MI1.0JS 


Spaa I atoo naal by boau. 




O It u 


WT.51S 






I( U U (>| 


WD. OIK 


I'c-jjpsa&r-as.a';; 




1 


















BE lOW^ 



<3i£&tta )89Z 



lecompany An. 



S Engineers 
River Com mi as 



Enc93 



.^.' 



>y 



\*-. 



*ENDIX Z Z — REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 8945 

f dUiances, Miaaouri River, from iia mouth to Big Siotix Biver, etc, — Continued. 

MOUTH TO BIG SIOUX RIVER-Continued. 



Loi'ality. 



DB an<l Is'igfromeiers Landing. 

Landing 

aus Landing 

leel Landing 

Ics Bridge 

U>n Landing 

crodts Landing 

Branch 

^ODH Quarry 

uarry. 




gn Point 

ucket CrtMjk 

kct Creek 

ending 

.f;R i^anding 

[flland (foot) 

nsOld landing 

IB or Craglea Landing 

me Creek 

mding 



k»oint. 

me Landing — 

me I Bland (foot) 

Lnnding 

anding 



18 Landing, 
anding 



anding 

m I.slaud (foot) 
Point 



R 
L 
L 
L 
L 
K 
L 
L 
K 
K 



R 
L 
R 
L 
L 
L 



R : 

S. S. Bonbomnie Island . . ! 
N. S. Bouhonime Island 

...do 

L 



m Landing 

118 landing : 

IE8 Old Landing j 

•inon Hollow i 

lie Landing _. 

Ferry Landing '. I 

Springs, Wards or Varnt* lis Landing 

tvers Landing 

Island ( foot) ! 

ins Landing ♦ 

Point ! 

»r Walters Landing .i 

•g Lauding i 

(»rse Cn^k < 

IS Landing 

O^age River 

Laiidinj^ ', 

f» or DoKiers Landing 

well.-* I.Anding 

anding 

yal.-. 

Landing 

iln..... 



L 
L 
L 
R 
L 
L 
R 
L 
R 



andins 

i Landing, 
ndine 



ks Landing 

Creek 

tns or Beckers Landing 

Landing 

' Rocks 

rusher Landing 

irosor RiKids Landing.. 

ir or Fiddle Creek 

I Creek (foot of slough). . 

ers Landing 

I^anding 

a Point 



Landing 

a or Sanders Landing. 

IS Landing 

»s Landing 

Is Landing , 

Landing 

• Landing 

Ljinding 

Crwk 

aps Landing 

>oiiit 



R 

R 

X. S. Uowclls Island 

L 

R 

R 

L 

R 

L 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

L 

L 

L 

L 

R 

R 

L 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

L 

L 

R 

L 

L 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

L 

R 



Miles. 



23.8 

24. S 

25.3 

27 

28 

28.7 

U0.4 

82.4 

82.4 

33 

33.1 

33.3 

33.8 

84.8 

35.3 

85.3 

36.8 

37 

37.4 

37.0 

39.8 

39.4 

39.7 

40.0 

41 

41.6 

4L8 

42.2 

42.8 

42.4 

42.6 

42.7 

43.4 

43.8 

44.8 

44.8 

45.2 

46 

46.6 

46.0 

47.4 

47.4 

48.4 

48.6 

48.6 

49.1 

49.1 

49.4 

48.6 

50.8 

50.8 

50.9 

5L4 

5L7 

53.4 

51.6 

54.9 

55 

55 

55.6 

56.2 

56.8 

57.1 

67.1 

57.1 

58.8 

60.0 

6L3 

62.3 

62.6 

63.6 

63.7 

64.2 

64.7 

65.3 

66.8 

68.6 

68.6 

68.8 



3946 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARMT. 



Table of di9iaHce9, Mi$sauri Biver, from iU mouth to Big Sioux River, etc^Oontinued, ' 

MOUTH TO BIG SIOUX RIYER— Continued. 



1 



XiOcaUty. 



On which hank. 



AVaHliiiistnn 

North VVasIiiiicton 

St. Johns Irtlaim (foot) 

Uollbuah Laudinie 

Tnqne Civok 

3larthjiiivill(^. Schwan or Stie||;(in8 Landing 

Cbarette Cn^jk 

Tlom na Point 

Itf aiipinrt Landing 

Pattona Point 

]kM>ul Liland (ftM>t) x 

Bockla;;ea Landing 

Schowea Lauding 

WeaHola [<anding 

Dnndoe (River au Boeuf) 

StoltMt Landing 

Bergers Landing 

Feldniann Landing 

Kocha Landins 

Schormann or HaBop.iaog«*r8 Landing 

Hidflteinn or Lower SVeliiue^'era Landing 

SbeltoiiA I^anding 

Kinibecka Inland (foot) 

Strhroem, Upiier wehmoyera or Brinkmana I^anding. 

Schnuen Landing 

EiuibcckH I«anding 

Parka Landing 

Scheclitera Lauding 

]Now Haven (Millora Lauiliug) 

Pinckney Poiui 

Kiemeyera Landing 

ilerger CrtHik 

Kruegorville 

Pinrknevn Landing 

Hnnifeldta Lauding 

Meyers Landing 

Jaegern Jiiiniling 

Smit h ( :rcek 

HoowelniauDH Landing 

Sundcnneyem Landing 

ChwH Landing 

KluanieyerH Landing 

SaukH XJinndiug 

AVhitliouHe or Zmnaldta laland or lalnnd No. 6 (foot) . 

Brinkmana or Weliniey en Landing 

Carla I^ndiue 

Hoehna Landing _ 

SohowcnqucrdtH Landing 

Pottbaata or Wbithouae Landing 

VTattenliergH Landing 

F.Theea Landing 

Frodemana I^andlng 

Canipbella I<andiug 

H.Wbithonae Landing 

IMlchcra Landing 

<)<'ttin;:H or Dnlloma I^anding 

l^«wt Creek 

Biiah or Batea lalaud { foot) 

lji>wer Lupmdda I^anding 

Ijiipimhla Landing or Bridgeport 

L'(hHreSlouuh<t«ot) 

Si ewMrta Landing 

L'Oiitre laland or Price4i Landing 

iittscka or Wooda Landing 

Frame < 'reek 

Hermann , 

Strake and Millers I^anding 

McGirka laland r foot) 

Anderaona Landing 

Mcttirks or Van Bovena Landin 

Bridgea Landing 

Cole(;reek 

(Jole (.'reek Gango 

Kliineland Landing 

Met alers Laniling 

Quicka Laiidiug. 

(saat'onade River 

Jonea Landing v. 

McFarlanda Landing 



R 
L 



L 

L 

L. 

L 

R 

R 

L 



L 

L 

L 

R 

L 

L 

L 

L 

L 

L 

N. S. Biieiif laland. 



■I 



L, 

L. 

R. 

R. 

L. 

R 

L. 

L 

R 

L. 

L. 

L 

R 

L. 

L. 

L. 

L 

L 

L. 

L. 



L. 

R. 

R. 

R. 

R 

R. 

L. 

R. 

R. 

R. 

L. 

L. 

L. 



L. 

L 

L. 

L, 

L. 

L. 

R 

R 

R 



I" 



L, 

L 

L. 

R 

R 

L 

L 

L 

R 

L 

L 



71 

7L7 
TLi 
19.1 
7S.T 
75.1 
75.7 
7«.t 
fBLl 
79.1 
71.1 
79.3 
79.4 
79.1 
80 
80 
80.1 
80.9 
8B.4 
8L1 
814 
81 
83.1 
84 
84.S 
84.4 
8S.I 
89 
86.9 
87.9 
88 
88.9 
88.7 
80 
89.2 
89.2 
89.5 
90.9 
90.1 
90.8 
90.4 
91.4 
0L7 
93 
99.1 
•2.4 
93.9 
9B.7 
93.9 
M.9 
94.9 
99.4 
•5wB 
96 
97 
97.9 
97.4 
97.9 
97.9 
98.1 
98.4 
99.9 
10L9 
1U2.4 
103 
1(0.9 
104.9 
105.7 
10&8 
108 
108.8 

im 

107.1 

109.1 

108: 4 

11*9.9 

110 

110.8 

1U.5 



INDDC Z Z — ^REPORT OF UISSOUBI BIVER COHUIfiSION. 3947 
dWwMM, Jlitmufi Biter, from iU tncutk to Big Sioux Eivtr, ate— Continued. 
MOOTH TO BIO SIODX JUTER-Conliniiad. 



on Cnti"'.'. 
ic L*ndlB(... 



■yi Landing 

rishen Ludlng) ■ ■ . 

LlDdlBg 

1 Il>lud(flM(l 

Rl™ - 

". H.'S-'st-'Aubertli 



L Islliul iroui)... 
OH Crack 

nrlit Laiidfiig . . . 



to'.'.'," .'.'.'.'.'.'.' .'.'.' .' .'.'.'.' 
" (lilmiil l4UKtlDg|.,. 

iaiHi(n>itt)'.^!!'^V.~'!! 

r:;::::::::::::::::. 

iBrflng 

Luidlag. ............. 

Cmltsnp) 



S. l)»1d*Iiiluid-.. 



lllii>.aUta, STKnii 
i>Bd IfeM) 



3948 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENQINEERS, U. 8. AEliT. 

Table of dUtauces, Missouri Rirer, from ils mouth to Big Sioux Rivfr, tie. — Continnad. 

MOUTH TO BIG BIOUX KIVEli-Coutlnued. 



Ix>cality. 



On which bank. 



Hilci. 



R 
L 
L 
L 
]{ 
K 
li 



L 
L 
L 



Factory Cr«Hjk 

Bagcnn, WiltoDH, or Eureka Landing 

Bonne Fennufi (Yeek 

Wriirlitft Laudiufi; 

Sanilv Uuok I^mling 

Crooks Lnnding 

Geigent or Alvxantlors Landing 

N^hvillc or Muuitoau IhUumI {foot) 

Actons Landius 

(jill<«pieii Landine ^ 

Little Bonno Fcmme Creok 

Pecan Grovo Landing L 

ProT Idence • L 

Perche Creek I 

Bmcen T^Anding K 

Smit h» Landing R 

Litth' Spiw^ ( :nH»,k U 

Big Spice Creok R 

Wolf Point or L upue PoHtOflice , K 

BelcherB Landing L 

Mount Vernon Lauding R 

Petite Salino Cn-ck R 

A liens Liuid Injj , R 

Soaptown Lamling A R 

Warren or McBuins Landing L 

Pixleys or WLintM Landing R 

Nee«lniore Lnnding L 

Terrapin Island ( loot) , 

HnntH Landing I , 

Terrapin Creek L 

Srarceys Landing 1^ 

Rynielri or Vaiiguns Lauding N. 8. Tcrnipiu iHland. 

Big Cave Cmjk I 

Taylors Landing L 

Drcskills LaniUng K 

Hickhains Landing R , 

Roi'heport '. L 

Moniteau (.'r«ek I 

Salt Creek I 

c ) vcrtou R 

Havs Landing ]{ 

JTonriglits Lauding R , 

Klliotts Landing it , 

Dodsons Landing J^ 

IrwiuH Landing R 

Krankliu Inland (f«iot) 

MooroH or Wliites Landing ' L 

l>nnue Femme Creek L , 

(»Id Franklin j L 

Loup Branch R , 

Boouville (bridge) R , 

Haas Browi'.rv Landing ! R , 

Fidillcrs Coal Banks R 

T bom as Cn-ek R , 

Lamine River | K , 

Lamine Landing li 

Lower Arrow iSick Island (foot) , 

Blankenbakcrs Landing (Cedar Point) ! L 

Ashleys Landing R 

Moon Branch It , 

Harrisons Landing L 

Fpper Arrow Rock Island (foot) 

Yates Landing I 

Salt Creek ^ I L 

Arrow Rock | R 

Caraons or Maupins Landing ' L 

Lisbon ". I 

WocMlrnfis or Robinsons Landing R 

Saline (Jity or Little Rock R 

Orearvilloor Lt»es Landing R 

Fish Creek R 

Rir bland Creek L 

Griflitbs Lauding L 

Jaegers Landing T.. 

lUullport L 

Hurricane Creek I I 

Greggs Creek L 

Glasgow ( bridge) i I 

West Glasgow I R 



16B.I 
170 

m 

17LI 

171.I 

1717 

174.1 

178lS 

171.1 

177 

177.1 

178 

ITlLl 

17BL5 

IMlS 

l»ll 

1811 

18L7 

Iffi.! 

184.7 

184.1 

18$ 

18S.8 

181.1 

188 

188.4 

1814 

1818 

W7.1 

1813 

1811 

1818 

1811 

1818 

1914 

1918 

lfML4 

194.1 

194w8 

194.8 

197.1 

197.8 

1919 

200 

20(1 

2(n.8 

201.8 

2ti2.8 

2(16.1 

2i«.7 

20&8 

2018 

20H.t 

2018 

311.S 

2U.4 

218 

212.4 

2115 

213 

214.8 

215.8 

2118 

217 

221 

223.1 

22ft 

225l8 

2215 

228.8 

229.1 

23LS 

23L8 

232.8 

234.4 

2:118 

237.4 

287.8 

288LS 



■ I 



NDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3949 

lUianceBy Missonri UireVf from its mouth to Big Sioux Biver, 6te.^-<!!oxitinued. 
MOUTH TO BIG SIOUX RIVER— ConUnu©d. 



Locality. 



ver 

sland(foot) 

ieglers Landiufi;. 
Switch 



On which bank. 



indinff .. 
[.aiiUmg. 
anding.. 
tnding . . 

luK 

inning . . 



fort 

rn I^nnding 

nnding — ' 

Landing 

3k (foot o( old ctttoll' ) . 

Landing 

khI jard 

IVobdyard 



inding 

Niint 

[foot of aloiigh). .. 
r Cromwell Point 

Island (foot) 

Point 



K 

R 

R 

L 

L 

L 

L 

U 

L 

K 

U 

L 

L 

L. 

L 

L 

n 
u 
u 
u 

L 

n 
n 



r 

int — 
t 

ig«) . . . 
inding. 



nd(roott 

re«ik 

oodjard 

>r Stt'ela Laiiiling. 

md (foot) 

iding 



L 
L 
li 
R 
L 
R 
R 



L 
L 
R 



Landiug 

•int 

jiding 

idiug , 

p Craiib<»rry Island ((not) 

mIs Lauding, or Jhilliu<;iou. . 

idinj; 

iding 

JHUKe) 

and (foot) 

anding 

.nding 

iding - 

iding 

anding 

Hiding 

McQueens Landing 

idera Landing 

9tta Landing 

ng, Mills I'oint, or Shanghai. 



I 



S. S. Pnintv Island. 

R : 

R 

L 

R 

R 



L 
L 
R 
R 



anding 

anding 

iding 

iding 

vcr 

oityanl 

Island (fuot) 

gauge) 

LAndiiig 

Kfoot) 



Landing. 
LAadinj;. 
UMidiag. 



L 

L 

L 

N. S. Baltimore Bar. 

I 

L , 

I 

I 

K 

L 

R 

R 

I 

R 

I 

I 

L 

1 

I 

L 

R 

R 

' }i'".\'.'.V.^'.V.V.'..'.'. 

i: 

L 

I 

I 

L 



Miles. 



23a 5 

240.2 

24L6 

243. 

245.8 

245.6 

245.6 

246. 

247.5 

248.5 

250. 

250.9 

252. 

262.1 

252.4 

252.5 

254.4 

254.0 

255.5 

255.6 

255.7 

257.1 

257.1 

259. 

250. 

250. 

200.6 

260.7 

261.0 

264. 

267.2 

271.1 

27L6 

274.2 

275.5 

276.8 

279.6 

280.3 

280.6 

283.7 

285.4 

286.7 

289.1 

290 

200.5 

29L9 

294.3 

205.4 

299.1 

300.2 

303.3 

304^8 

305.2 

305.7 

307.1 

307.8 

808.8 

309.3 

310.6 

310.7 

312.4 

313.1 

314.4 

314.7 

315.8 

316.2 

816.4 

316.6 

818.1 

318.2 

822 

825.5 

826.0 

828.4 

828.9 

329.7 

830.7 

331. 

331.0 



3950 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ABHY. 

Table of dintmmeUf Muiouri River, from its mouth to Big Sionx River , ato.— ContiiMMi 

MOUTH TO B1& SIOUX RIVER-ContiDuod. 



Locality. 



On which bank. 



Man. 



ReaTis Landing; L , 

Stealers Landini; L 

Coo|ten Landing; i i L 

Camden I ^ 

Burtons Landing L 

FinlevB Lauding L , 

Helm Island (hoail) R 

Napoleon R 

I>ann«*ra Landing L 

Fire Creek ' R 

L 
L 
R 
R 



Fishing River 

Settles Lnndini! 

Maxwells landing 

Johnsons Woodyard. . . ^ 

Shereds Landing R 

Wells Landing i L 

R 
L 
L 



I 



Sibley (bridge) 
Griffiths Landing 
Piggn Landing. . . 

Hulls or Orriclcs Landing ! L 

Aliens Landing •% i L 

Sugar Creek ! R 

Little Blue River R 

L 
R 
R 



L 
L 
R 
R 
L 
R 
L 
R 
R 
R 



Missouri City 

Jaclcsons or Manns Lauding 

Hifibent landing 

Blue Mills iHlHud (fwrt) 

Sharps Landing 

El Paso Landing 

Blue Mills Ferry 

Miil Creek 

Lit>erty Landing 

Wnyno City Landing 

SisAons Landin:: 

Maxwells Landing 

Rock Creek 

Big Blue River 

Randolph Bridge 

"Winner Bi idge 

Harlem 

KAN8A8 City, Mo. (Hannibal and St. Joseph R. R. Bridge) 

Kansas Cit v, Khhs. (State line, Missouri-Kansas) 

Kansas or tCaw River 

Jersey Creek 

Dry Creek 

Line Creek 

Quindaro 

rarkville 

Pomeroy I R 

Connors Creek | R . 

Connors Citv R 

Diamond Island (foot) j 

Waldron i L 

Little Platte River I L 

Hartman Landing •«. | L 

Di'laware j R 

Nine Mile Creek ; K 

R 
L, 



L 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
L 
R 
L 



Soldiers Home Landing 

East Leavenworth 

Leaven w<irth Island (font) 

Five Mile Creek 

Stillings Landing 

Three Mile Creek 

Leavenworth ifootof Cherokee street) 

Corral Creek 

One Mile Creek 

Fort Leavenworth (bridge) 

MeSMic 

Beverly Junction 

Bee Creek 

Rialio 

Kicknpoo Island (foot) 

"Weston 

Kickapoo 

latan 

Oak Mills 

Port William 

Walnut Croek 

Samner 



R 
L 
R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
L 
L 
L 
L. 



I 



L 

R 

L. 

R 

R 

R 



mi 

ai 

Mill 
Mil 

ins 

MIL4 
147.I 
111 

ms 
mi 
mi 
mi 

MO 

ms 
in.1 

1817 
IBS 

mi 
mil 
m.t 

m.t 



m.i 

M.I 

sn.s 

K1.T 
9711 

m 
m.t 

»B.S 

m.7 
mil 

WIS 

aM.7 
nLS 



suft 

3N 

m.1 

40LI 

miT 
4m.t 

4m 

410.1 
4I0l8 
41L8 
4116 
«» 

in.i 

41t 

41111 

41014 

4M.T 

4SLf 

4SL6 

4II.I 

40 

4».i 

4M 

4Sir 

417 
4l8.t 



4B.f 

4^.9 

4n.i 

4At 



APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER 0OMMI8SION. 3951 

Table of disianoes, Miuouri Eiver, from its mouth to Big Sioux River, etc, — Continned. 

KOUTH TO BIG SIOUX KIYERr-^ontiniiod. 



Locality. 



On Tfhich bunk. 



irhiskyCrMk R 

AtehlBon (bri<l«»») R 

Mod L«ktt (outlet) L 

IndepMidenGe Creek It 

DoniyliAu K, 

BuMlirille ; L 

OeuyCUy ■ R 

Halle..... L 

L 
R 
R 
R 
L 
L 



Dleclierce tram Lake Contrary 
doliui ~ 



Randolph Landing 

Palermo 

WaUir^na 

Liniment Greek — 
Si. Joaeph (bridge) 

Klwood F«iy Landing i R 

Belmont • R 

V. S. boat.rard (abandoned) | L 

St. 'roeeph Water Works Pump Hoose I L 

DUkm Creek | L 

▲maionia L 

Jf odaway RI ver : h 

Solomcma Island (foot) 



L 

R 

U 

R 

R 

R 

R. 

R 

L. 

L. 

R 

R. 

R. 

R. 

L 



Dallas Sution 

Charieaton 

Charleston Creek 

' Meeqnlto Creek 

Monnt Vernon 

Lftfiiyette Landing 

Wolf Creek 

Iowa Point 

Little tarkio Creek 

FmeatCity 

WbiteCloud 

Squaw Crsek 

State Line, Kanaas-Nebraskn 

BigNemaba liirer 

Big Tarkio Creek 

Jones Point i R 

Knlo (bridge) R 

WInnelNigo Creek R 

Arago Island (fool) I L 

Arago I R 

Jones Creek a. i R 

Coming ■. L 

Hemmies Landing .^ 

StDendn 

MorgM Island (foot) 

HillNdale 

Aspinwall , 

Little Nemaha River 

Nemaha City ' R 

Brown ville (eange) I R 

Sonera Island (fkiot) 
Honey Creek 



L 
R 



R 
R 
R 



R 
L 
R 
R 
L. 



T 



Peru 

Bock Creek 

Hiahnabotna River 

Linelalsnd (foot) 

State Line, Missouri-Iowa i L 

MlnarsviUe or Otoe City ' R 

Bldn^ Landing L 

V^«a«rs Island (foo^ 

Playnea Landing 

BMtport 

KebraskaCitylbridge) 

Vebnska City Island (foot) 

WalnatCraeK 

Senaw Creek 

wyominc or Nellgfas Landing 

Spring Branch Cnwk 

Weemng Water Creek 

XeglalMd (Jbot) 

JoBea Point 

Bartieftt 

Calnnet Point 

XoekBIaff. 

BoflkBtaffFtaiBt 

IMmm JalHid (Aot) 



R 

L 

L. 

R 

L, 

R 

R 

R 

R 

R 

L 

R 

L 

R 

R 

Ik 



Miles. 



446.1 
447.8 
449.8 
452.9 
454.1 
457.5 
461.9 
465.8 
466.5 
470 
47L4 
473 
478.1 
479 
480.6 
481.6 
487 
488.7 
491 
499.6 
49R.6 
500.5 
501.5 
506.6 
506.6 
500.7 
509.8 
512 
516.3 
519 
520.9 
521.6 
525.4 
52ti.9 
528 
529 
5:n.8 
534.3 
537.5 
544.7 
545.6 
547.7 
549.1 
. 556.4 
566.8 
56L8 
564 
565.8 
567.9 
569.6 
570.6 
577.6 
579.7 
583 
5K4.3 
5H7.2 
587.4 
588.4 
505 
59G.9 
597.8 
6()0.8 
603 
603.2 
607 
607.7 
6U9.2 
611.4 
612.2 
614 
614 
614 
618.7 
618.7 
624.5 
626.2 
626.5 
627.9 
628 



3962 .REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF EN0INEEB6, U* 8. ARMY. 

TahU of di8t4ince9, Missouri Siver, from its mouth to Big Sioux liiver, etc, — Continaed. 

liOUTH TO BIG SIOUX BIVEB^Continned. 



Locality. 



Keie Creek 

Plftttomoutli BrltXge 

PUttemouth (foot of Main Htreet) 

Platte Rivt-r 

Big Papillon Creek 

8t. Marya Inland (fiiot) 

Bellevue 

Mofiquito Creek 

Hanawa Landing 

Gibnous Lauding 

Indian Creek 

Union Pacific Railway Bridge, Omaha 

Otoe Creek .*. 

Omaha (Omaha and Council Blulfn Bridge). 

Connoil Itluflii and East Omaha Bridge 

U. S. Boatyard (abandoned) 

Ontlet to loira Litkc 

Chicago and NorthweNti^m Railway dikci*. . 

Florence Luke * 

Florence 

Mill Creek 

Pigeon Creek 

Ponca Creek 

Boyer Creek 

Fort Calhoun 

Lone Tree J^ako 

California Junction 

Fi8h Creek 

DeSoto 



Blair (bridue) 

Soldier River 

LiUle Sioux River. 
17ewton 



TieviUe 

Decatur 

Blackbird Hill 

Blackbird Creek 

Forsvth 

Omaiia M ituiion 

Spring (;reok 

Sand Hill Lake 

Omadi Landing 

Oniadi Creek , 

Dakota City 

Chicago, St Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Rw'y Bridge, Sioux City 

Floyd River .'. 

Covington 

Sioux City (Perrv Creek) 

Pacific Short Line Bridge 

Big Sioux River 



On which bank. 



R 
R 
R 
R 
R 
L 
L 
L 
L 



R 
R 



L 
L 
L 
R 
R 
R 
L 
R 
L 
R 
L 
L 
R 
R 
R 
L 
L 
R 
L 
R 
R 
R 
L 
K 
U 
L 
R 
R 
R 



L 
R 
L 



Milea. 



829.1 

833.1 

834.5 

835 

837.9 

843 

845.8 

8S0.7 

850.7 

854 

867.1 

859.1 

859.3 

8S9L8 

8811 

882.7 

882.9 

8811 

887.7 

870.5 

870.9 

872.3 

873.S 

674 

082.4 

888 

888.S 

801.3 

8BL3 

804.8 

80B.8 

7tK.2 

725 

744.8 

744.7 

751.4 

755.1 

758.4 

764.6 

7(i8.3 

779 

795.3 

705.3 

801 

805.7 

808.3 

807.3 

807. 4 

807.6 

8ia8 



FORT BENTOX, MONT., TO THREE FORKS, MONT. 



L 



R 



FoBT Bkktoh (bridge) to— 

Cresoent Inland (foot) 

State lAlaud (foot) 

Robbin'a Ranch (foot of Grove Island) 

Black Bluff Island (foot) 

GilMon's Ranch (opposite Cherry Coul6e) 

Little Cotton wood Ripple 

Brown's Ranch (oppovite Bullhead Coul6e) 

Blacktail Deer Ripple 

Pebloe Island (foot) 

Evans' Ranch (foot of Snipe Island) 

Black Eagle Ripple 

HuDtzberger's Ranch 

Grass Island ( foot) 

Highwood Creek | R 

Antelope Ri]>ple 



R 



Smith's Ranch R 

Portage Coul6o L 

Belt River l K 

Boxelder Creek 1 R 

The Great Falls -.. 

Box Canyon I L. 



3.1 

6.7 
7.5 


10.2 
14 

15.2 
18 
17.1 
10 
21 

21. S 
23.1 
2S.2 
28 
27.2 
29.2 
8LS 
S5.2 
87.2 
4Lt 



mix Z Z REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3953 

'.9tanc€SfMh80ttri Biver^ from ih mouth to Big Sioux Biver, etc. — CoDtinued. 
rOET BENTON, MONT., TO TIIUEE FOUKS, MONT.-Contiuued. 



Loi-ality. 



lis 

ilii 

lelter 

tK«ll« 

jFaUe 

L8 (railroad bridge; 




It 



Island (foot) . 
Island (foot) 

i Creek 

land (foot) — 



U 



r Barker Island (fout) . 

tioh 

Ranch 



w. 



L 

L 



land (foot) 

d(foot) 

oh 

»ch 

ainor Muddy Creok. 



uieh 

, Ripple 

bson a Ferry) 



L 
L 
L 

i: 

L 



inch., 
inch., 
lipple. 
uch... 
Dch... 



L 

i: 
11 



J. 



jon 

orLonePiue Kapids (head). 

k 

k 



H 

■L, 
.1 L 



land (foot) 

h 

I Station 

ad (foot) 

Ranch 

Jver 

[•land (foot) 

(nppoaite Stickuey Creek). 



; L 
L 



/ li 
L 



Unch ^ 

!H!k and head of O. K. iHlaiid. 

•n (SUckncy'a Ferry) 

Jock 

y'e Ranch (Dog Creek) 

'anch 

ipple 

inch (Rock Creek) 

;ly Pear Creek 

Aland (foot) 

ch 



: L 

if:: 



L 
L 



tnd (foot) 

e lalands (foot) 

d and Mandible Point. 

I Creek 

Is (head) 

k 



R 
R 



Rapids (head) 

lite Rock Canyon (Willow Creek) 

cRapids 

lite Rook Canyon (Cone Rock) ... 

■ch (feot of Twin IslandB) 

^ar 



L 
R 



:anyon 

ena Canyon (Beaver Creek) 



ir Creek 

uoyon (Soap Creek) 

»1© 

anch 

: Ripple 

Ji:::;::::;.::;:::: 



.: L 



41. « 
42.1 
43.4 
44.8 
45.3 
4«.<S 
49. li 
49.7 
51.9 
53.2 
56.5 
60 
6:i.7 
09.2 
76.2 
77.5 
79.3 
80.5 
83.3 
89.9 
91.8 
93.0 
95.0 
98 

102.7 
103.6 
103.6 
107.2 
110 
111 
111.7 
113.3 
114.3 
114.8 
114.9 
115.9 
11«.7 
116.8 
120.8 
l'£i 
123.7 
124.3 
125 
126.8 
127.7 
129 
129.5 
130.7 
130.9 
131.4 
131.6 
131.7 
134.3 
135:5 
136.3 
137.6 
140 
141.2 
141.8 
146.4 
149.7 
150.9 
152.1 
153.5 
155.1 
156.8 
160.4 
161.6 
163 
164.5 
165.8 
166.2 
169.6 
173.7 
17C.3 
177.7 
178.8 
17f 
180.8 



fOlKS 2^8 



3954 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 



Table of diatanceSf Missonri River, from its month to liiff Sioux River^ etc, — Continued. 
FORT UENTON. MONT., TO THREE FORKS, MONT.-CoDtinued. 



Locality. 



French Bar Gold Miu<M 
St. Germ.tin Rapidn — 

Cauyon Ferry I R 

Ht'ncl of KInoK Rock Canyon (Magpie Gulch) ,... 

Willow Raitidfl 




Fro;; liapida (foot). 



Snelliii^ RapidR (Hell (late Gulch) 
Counoy 8 Ranch (Avalancl 



R 
L 



L 
R 
L 



;h«GuUh) 

County Line, JelTi^rsou-Lewis and Clarke 

Yonng Duck Rapids 

MoMillan'a Ranch (Beaver Creek) 

White Gulch Creek 

Falon'8 Ranch (Pine Tree Rapids) 

Diamond iHlaud (foot) 

White Gnlch and lilakoa Feirv j R 

Bald Face Rnplila ? ■ . . . 

Con fMlerate Crock I R 

DuckC^reek R 

Pickering Ferrj* 

Phelan l^iiitla 

Fletcher's Ranch 

8pit-u» Raoids 

Snag Kapids 

Fishers Rapids 

Canton R 



R 



I 



R 



Fork Rapids 

Eight Mile Slough (foot) 

Diamond Ferrv 

Whalov's Ranch (HaysUck Ripple) ' L 

Dolly harden Ripple '... 

Ceuterville ! R 

Northern Pacific Railroad Brid^jc ' . . . 

Ferry liapids '... 

TowNSEND (Sweeny RapidM) R 

W^all Rapids 

Slongh llapids 

Thompson s Ranch (\h op Creek) 

Montana Rapids 

Griuim Bros.' Ranch | R 

Grevrton C 'reek i H 

Bull Rapids '. - 

John Smith's Ranch ! R 

Hossfeld's Ranch ! L 

ReeTes' Ranch (opposite foot of Hors- Inland) R 

Wind Island 

Sharp Bros.' Ranch R 

Crow Creek , L 

Six MUe Creek , R 

Toston (foot of High street) •. R 

McFarland's Ranch L 

Goose Ruplds ' . . . 

Mammoth Spring I H 

Pointed Rock Station I K 

Sixteen Mile Creek | R 

Red Rock Canyon (head) ! . . . 

Carolus' Ranch R 



R 
R 



Sawyer'rt Ranch 

Magpie Station 

Lower Mosquito Rapids 

Upper Mosquito Rjipids ' . . . 

Eagle Rock : R 

Head of ML=«oriii Riylr (mouth of Gallatin Rivirr) 

Miss Campbell's Ranch L 

Madison-.lt-frer<<on River, confluence 

Three Fork^ (wagon bridge over Jefferson River) L 



183.8 

18S.1 

185.8 

188.5 

187 

188 

190 

191.6 

193.4 

193.4 

196.7 

198.2 

190.7 

200.1 

20U.8 

201. S 

204.4 

204.5 

204.8 

205.6 

206.5 

206.8 

206.S 

210.1 

211 

211.6 

211.6 

215. 1 

215.6 

216.9 

218.7 

210.8 

219.9 

220.6 

221.1 

221.9 

223 

223.7 

2:i4.6 

224.0 

225.1 

226 

227 

22jL7 

2:m.6 

232.7 

232 7 

233.8 

2:« 

236.8 

238.1 

239.0 

248.7 

245.3 

248.8 

247 

250.2 

251.1 

232.8 

2^3. 3 

255.7 

261,5 

201.7 

202.8 

208.1 



APPENDIX Z Z REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 31155 

Appendix A 5. 

AiniOTAL REPOBT OF MB. O. W. FERGUSON, ASSISTANT ENGINEER. 1803. 

Office Missouri River Commission, 

St. Louis, Mo., July 11^ 1S93. 

Sir: I have the honor to present the following report on field work of proeise levels 
between the United States uout yard above St. Joseph and St. Charles. 

The river distance to be covered was 487 miles, an uoprecedentedly largo under- 
talcing for one season. 

For this work a double precise level party was organized, with O. W. Ferguson, 
assistant in charge, to run one iuHtniment; A. L. Johnson, assistant engineer, to 
run the other instrument; F. B. Williams and John P. Baker, recorders; F. F. Ilar- 
rington, Charles C. McGregory, Charles J. Sheehan, and John Greinor, jr., rodmen; 
F. P. Marsh, foreman; John Zreuner, Erick O. Shorvey, and Andrew Hemen way, 
axmen; George Marto, cook; W. B. Ilannaford, wuit-er. 

It was desired that we take the field as early as the season would permit. March 
17, 1S92, was set as the date for the party to report for duty at the United States 
boat yard above St. Joseph. 

A stone barge, No. 16, strongly made, 64 by 16 feet, provided with bunk frames 
and three tables, covered with a 10-ounce canvas tent, was provided by United States 
Division Engineer S. Waters Fox for the accommodation of this party. There were 
on board the barge, also, supplies for two months. This (quarter boat was the same 
as the one described in the report of the Commission fer 18li2, Appendix A, page 3259. 

luttrueiiofis. — The instructions for doing this work were the same as those fur- 
nished by the Mississippi River Commission, in report for 1891, page 3476, excepting 
that the top of capsx>f stone and pipe P. B. M's. (permanent precise bench marks) 
were set but 6 inches above ground, and the P. B. M's. were set a less distance 
apart. When the line passed within one-half mile of a stone and pipe B. M. on an 
old "stone line,'* it was connected with by a side line. When the diAtanco was greater 
than abalf mile, a new stone and pipe were set as nearly on this line as practicable. 
If the stone lines were more than 3 miles apart, a new stone and pipe P. B. M. 
was onlered set as nearly midway as practicable. It was also ordered to set copper 
bolts in the ledges of rocks and on structures, particularly when near the stone 
and pii>e P. B. M's. 

The regulation P. B. M. is similar to that used by the Mississippi River Commis- 
sion, excepting that a stone l^ by 18 by 4 in<>hes is used instead of a tile of Hame 
size, and a plate-ring 10 inches in outer diameter is slid to the bottom of pi{M>, 
where it is stopped and held by the spread end of pipe, making it impossible to get 
the pipe away from its place without a large amount of digging. 

Intirumenln. — The usual Kom }»reci.se leveling instrumoiits, level tube«, and rods 
were used on this w<»rk, as described in report of MisHi8si}»7>i River Commission for 
1892, p. 55. Levels Nos. 3 and 4, tubes 5 and 6, and rodsx, xiii, xviii, and xix were 
provideil. 

On arriidng at the quarter boat, the first thing necessary was to prepare to resist 
the very coluand stormy weather, that continued until March 21. Straw was gotten, 
ticks filled, beds made, stoves set up, subsistence stores and engineer ])roporty then 
checked oif and receipted for to dinerent oflicors, from whom received. The quar- 
ter boat furnished no place for placing dishes or other articles. Four hundred feet of 
pine lumber was worked np into tables, shelves, drawers, and decks, to provide places 
for articles. An ice box was made by the yard oarj>enter, mostly from rough lumber 
picked up aronnd the boat yard ; a large nupply of wood was also made from )ule 
chunks on the yard, and stowed away in the hold. While these works were going 
on, good nse was made of all the time, iu wliich weather would permit, to get ob- 
servations for finding the instrumental functious. These are: 

(1) Valae in seconds (n) of one division of level tube. 

(2) Inequality of telescope rings, in seconds. 

(3) Angular valne of wire intervals iu sec<»nds. 

(4) To make the "A's" of rods used together of the same length. 

(5) Value of "A" of all rods. 

(6) Comparative lengths of rods. 

(7) Valne of Br and B| of all rods. 
From these results we computed : 

(1) DistAnce ''8" at which a movement of bubble through one division subtends 
1 millimeter on rod. 

(2) Table giving difference of interval for various distanci'S. 

(3) Table giving distance corresponding to any given total interval. 

(4) Table lor finding correction for inclination in millimeters per meter, for any 
error of bubble. 



3956 REPORT OF TriE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 

These haviog been coniplotcd, on the evening of March 24 actual fieldwork was 
be^uu. 

Line of work, — In i)roje(:tiiig u line oi' precise* levels |i;ood ^loiind txi operate on ii 
of prime iuiportance. If running throngb Hoctionizod country it is preferable to 
follow the beaten earthen roads over two sides of the right-angle triangle to follow- 
ing the hypothenuse across corn and wheat tields or meadows. 

During tiie tirst three months of the season the river was very high and the groand 
was all ke]»t very soft by high water and fietjuent rains, requiring special care in 
setting instruments and rod supports; causing also hard walking and longer, as we 
could (►nly follow the high ridges going to and from work. 

-An ordinary railroad furnisher a very good ground for ])reciBe level work; the diB- 
tances, too, are usually about the shortest. Iherc will always be some distorbanee 
from trains on the road; but, by knowing the times of the trains and setting oat of 
the way whenever this choice is oflered, the time lost by these distnrbiinces is but a 
small per cent. 

Route. — The line followed the left bank to op])osite Atchison, Kans., where we 
crossed to right bank over the railway bridge; followed the right bank to opposite 
Glasgow, crossed to left bank, over the Chicago and Alton Railway Bridge; followed 
the left bank to o^)posite lioonville, where we crossed on the Missouri, Kansas aod 
Texas Railway Bridge; followed then the right bank to mouth of the river, P. B. M.|. 

At St. Charles we made a river crossing from shore to shore, a distance of 645 
meters (discrepancy 0.4'""), by the process of reciprocal leveling, locating several 
P. B. M.'s in St. Charles. 

254.1 miles of the main line followed railroads = 66 per cent. 

132.7 miles of the main line followed tlirough country near the river=34 percent. 

Stretches axcay from railroad. 

HUM. 

Jast below Sibley *. 6.5 

Orand Pass Lake to near Glasgow 46.1 

Glasgow to near Jefferson City 69.2 

Creve Coeur Lake to Charboimier Point 1L9 

Total 132.7 

In selecting the route care was taken that the P. B. M's be set as near the river 
as practicable. 

Thus three river crossings were made over bridges and one from shore to sho^e. 

Conneetiona with old points — As the line progressed lookout was kept for old B. M's, 
we being provided with a pretty full list of old descriptions. No reasonable pains 
was spared to connect with these when they could be found, though in poor condi- 
tion. These consisted of old U. S. Engineer B. !M's, some Commission B. M's, U. S. 
Coast and Geodetic Survey B. M's, city B. Wb, city datums, and Commission and 
Signal Ser\'ice gauges. 

With the exception of stone lines 75, 70, 65, and 42, at least one stone on every 
line from 90 to 1, both inclnsivo, was connected with; and in these exoeptioiu an 
additional stone and pipe P. B. M. was set approximately on old line. 

I'Yom the column, in tabulation of fmal results following, of ** DiscropancieB," it 
may be seen that — 

Old B. M's checked with mean of ]>reci.se-level results between — 

0.0 and 0.1 feet 88 

0.1 and 0.2 feet 41 

0.2 and 0.3 feet 43 

0.3 and 0.4 feet 11 

0.4 and 0.5 feet 3 

0.5 and 0.6 feet 2 

0.6 and 0.7 feet 1 

0.9 and 1.0 feet 1 

1.0 and 1.5 feet 5 

1.5 and 2.0 feet 2 

2.0 and 2.5 feet 2 

2.5 and 3.0 feet -1 

3.0 and 3.5 feet 1 

The connections with the U. S. Coast Survey P. B. M's between Kansas City and 
St. Louis show a quite continuous divergence of the two lines. 

At Kansas City on old cap ^ it is just 1 foot, a constant divergence of 0.0035 foot 
per mile, railroad distance. 

Between St. Louis and Jetfersou City the divergence; for thiis 125 miles is muoh 
larger than this average, being 0.0059 foot per mile. 



APPENlilX Z Z — KICPOKT OF MISSOURI KIVKU COMMISSION. 3l»57 

Between JeftVrson City and Kansas City, a ilistauco of, a]>proxiiuatcly, 100 mih'a by 
railroail, this ilivergcuce, though uf the sauio sign, is Iobh, being O.OOlGfoot per mile. 

Tabhof diwtanceB and dUvrepandes between Ihene prvrivt levcln and thoHvnfthc V. S. Coaai 

and (ieodetic Surrcj/. 

[— =U. S. C. S. too low; + = IT. S. C. S. too lii^jb.] 



EcQCli mark. 



j Tviiilwjiy 

from St. 
Luuitt. 



IJIvtr 

(li.-t-hiu'O 

t'r(mi 

IllOUtl). 



Disfaiiip 
tVdin 

(.'ity siK 
]»»'rlinn ; 
run. ; 



Disorep. 
:incy. 



P. B. X. S32~()ld B. M. 243, copper bolt. Kanmw City 

Cap over, Vi Kaunas City .'.. 

P.B.M.23l=r^01dRM.2i4 

LVni.BiKBIneUiver 

XXVILJeffermmCiiy 

+ in CaiMtol, JeffenMin City 

XXVI.MOTMU BiTCr , 

XXV, Ewings Lauding 

XXIV. Ouge 

P. BonnoUi Mill 

XXn, Loom Creek Landing 

XX. St. Anbert 

Oi Chamois , 

XIX, MorriHon 

X VIII, Gasconade 

XVQ, Gaacnn^Ue 

XVI. Cole Creek 

M» Hena.inn 

iV, Berger 

XIV,£tlali 

J^ Washington 

P.aM.4»=01dB.M.4l=r.XlI, KouthPoiut 

Ki=St. Loois Directrix 



liS3 

2H3 
•J77 
125 
125 
121 
lll> 
117 
11:J 
109 
105 
U'O 
ir.i 

Kl 
I't 
71 
.'•4 

:>•> 





3<Jl 

:mil 

391 

3«2 

ir.2 
ir»2 ! 

146 I 
144 i 

142; 

138 I 
131 ; 
i:JO : 

r-u : 
117 ; 
im 
uu • 

107 i 
103 ■■ 
98 : 
93 • 
71 : 
69 ! 











190 

19G 

2(H> 

2Ul 

204 

208 

212 

216 

221 

2:i2 
233 
237 
240 
24(1 
2."iO 
2«!7 
209 



"L'l 



Feet. 
—1.004 
—1.000 
—1.002 
—0. 971 
—0. 736 
Notplven. 
—0. 042 
—0. C(»n 
- 0. 628 

—0. ri7s 

—0. 543 
—0.544 
—0.527 
—0.455 
—0. 436 
—0.449 
—0.413 
—0. 309 
—0. 257 
-0.241 
— 0.2t)I 
—0. 2r»0 
+0. JKK) 




On B. M. stone V at Kan^a* City our variation from the line of common levelfl aa 
published, that were run with unusual care, is — 0.214 ; a1 St. Charles r>iir variation 
being 0.000; showins a divergence of this former line, in the Hauif; direction as the 
Coast Survey line, Irom onr line of 0.0(N)7 foot per inilc, usiiig the distance, 'MO 
mileAy by the way of Glasgow and Boon vi lie, as given by our lino. 

Jieuek marku, — ^The standard form of bench marks, being top of copper bolt in 
stone 18 by 18 by 4 inches, set S\ feet below surface of ground, was used.. 

Plan and description of this is given on page {^ of the report of the Commission 
for 1886. The top of cap is also taken for a P. l\. M. 

Tfaese are an excellent form of P. B. M's. The stone is very rarely disturbed, and 
the pipe, in the 92 <»ld stone and pipe B. M*s. coniic<'ted with, were all light, except- 
ing three. The new style of pipe will make these still more secure. Kvery old 
■tone connected with and now one set was suruionnt<>d by the new style of pipe. 

The three-eighths-iuch copper holt P. B. M's, le.-ided vertically or hnri/outally in 
masonry or in natnral ledges of rock, were also generally Hct. 'I'hey make the very 
best precise bench mark ; particularly those set horizontally. They are especially 
adaptod to towns and cities. 

Many of the T. B. M's on ledges, trees, and masonry are of a (juite durable 
natnre \ 432 of them wore considered worth des<>ribing. and are given in their order 
in the list of descriptions ap])ended. 

O^'er the 38G.8 miles of main line and 187 miles of river there are distributed 312 
P. B. M% 180 top of cap P. B. M's, and the i:V2 T. B. Ms. 

Kcw stone and pipe P. B. M's, set -. 8S 

New copper bolt P. B. M's, set 101 

Old stones connected with and pipe repbiced by new 92 

Old copper bolt P. B, M's connect<^d with 9 

U. 8. Coast and Geodetic 8nrvey P. B. M's connecte<l w itli 22 

City datnms connected with 7 

City B. M's connected with S 

iianges eonnocied with 12 

Other old B. M's connected with vA 



3958 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 

■ 

McthodH of field work. — ^Tlio«e were quite similar to what ia given in Report of Mi«- 
siBsippi River ComraisHion for 1802, p.29r>0. Each observer (In])li(.'ate<l bis own work 
in opposite directions, handled his own instrnment, and made the complete obseTvi- 
tion himself. The steel pins were used the entire year for rod supports. Unnsual 
care was taken that the sum of fore sifjhts was kept running equal to the ium of hack 
sights, and that they were eqnal at close of stretch. 

The Kern level tubes seem to be very smooth on their inner surfaces, and tbf 
liquid is very sensitive. Tlie bubbles move with the greatest fluidity, but thetube« 
all seem to have spots where the bubble does not move proportionally to the tnm 
of the elevating screw, but, refusing to move, will at an additional touch shout 
ahead. This is, very likely, sometimes due to eccentricity, but many times it seeui^ 
to be only due to the tubes not being ground truly. During this season the oljserv- 
ers took nnusuul care to become more acquainted with these peculiarities. The re- 
sult's obtained are somewhat superior to those of any previons season, and are, I 
believe, the best on record. 

Tlie prescribed allowable limit of error between _direct and reverse lines of the 

same set was, 3mm. V twice the distance between B. Ms in kin., and successive seta 
of lines were run until this limit was satisfied. 

The charact^^r of ground passed over was very various. During the rainy season 
a large part of the ground was too soft. In patchen along the railroads the cinder 
ballast was troublesome. During dry weather in the roads dry sloughs and mead- 
ows, dry cracked or broken np fiumbo (jroinid had to be guarded against. Meadows, 
cornfields, and wheat fields furnisli poor and slow ground to work on. There were 
about 70 miles of this kind of line and about 62 mile8 on country roads, the remain- 
der being on railroa<ls. 

LocrtZrf/racfton, or a large change of refraction, while at one sotting of the in- 
strument! was a diflli-ult thing to contend with. There is a large amount of this 
disturbance along the Miss^-uri River, owing to the varying rool and warm, wet and 
dry areas of ground or masstjs of air coming from Hliinled or heated bluifs, from 
ravines, heated fields, or cool woods, i^hort observations and similarity between 
back and foresights were the means adopted to reduce these errors. 

On October 31, 1892, work was completed to St. Charles. Old B. M. 17 and old T. 
B. M. 2, being in good condition, were connected with. Here I received yonr onlers 
to continue to set benches and connect with old stone lines between this place and 
the mouth, a distance of 28 nii1e«, in the same manner as we ha<l done above St. 
Charles, by running from old B. Ms 8 and 11, connected with by precise levels of 
1887, and any of the T. B. Ms of that year that were reliable. 

Before dropping below St. Charles observations were made for all instrumental 
functions, the same as at the beginning of the season. 

I finished the work to the month (B. M. \) on November 11. The winds by this 
date had begun to prevail, and most of the moving of quarter boat had to be 
done early in the morning or late in day. We reached St. Louis with the quarter 
boat, by hard pushing, at noon on November 12. Here Chief Assistant O. B. 
Wheeler met the party. We transferred the notebooks, ofiice supplies, and instru- 
ments to the office of the secretary. Assistant A. 1^. Johnson reported for duty at 
the office, and began olli<'e work on the notes. Recorder W. S. Williams, who bad 
succeeded F. B. Williams (resigned), was relieved. Recorder John P. Baker and 
myself proceeded with a reduced crew, contending with slow current and adverse 
winds, to lay the quarter boat up at Bushberg, turn the property over to the watch- 
man, and receive receipt for the same. This was completed and party disbanded on 
November 17, 1892. 

The notes were recorded with the fountain pen, in writing fluid, making very 
clean, clear, and permanent notes. This is far the most creditable way of keeping 
precise level records. After the notes were checked and computation of diflferonce 
of elevation made ont in manner as given in report of Mississippi River Commission 
for 1892, p. 2951, the result of every line run in the field was entered on a simi- 
lar tabulati(m, containing, however, twenty-three instead of nineteen colnmns — two 
ad<litional for "book" and " page," one for ''month" and '*day," and one for **a.m." 
or "p. m." 

From this tabulation a profile, showing the same elements graphically, was made 
on profile paper to scale of 800 meters to an inch horizontally and 6 mm. to an inch 
vertically. 

The greatest variation between the two independent direct and reverse llnee was 
at a point 1 mile below Gasconade, when^ it was -f and — 11.81 mm. At the end 
of the main line, at Charbonnier Point, it was — and -f 2.70 mm. 

The high degree of reliability of the results obtained l>y our system of precise 
leveling, in that they may be considered free from large errors, is' one of the most 
commendable features of the system. This fact is evidenced by this seasons work, 
as it has often been before, as the following considerations will show: 



APPENDIX Z Z — UEPOET OK MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3959 

Km. MiloB. 

Length of main line completed 022. 47 = :^6. 8 

Length of 8ide line completed 77.09= 47.9 

Total 699.66 = 4ai.7 

There were in all 1,106 lines run on sule lino work: avorajjo Ic-ngth 141 meters. 
Tliere were in all 1,102 lines nm on main line work; avr.rji|nfo l»Mi;^tii of stretch 1,134 
meters. A total of 2,2()8 lines were run from 13. M. to H. M.; ol' these, one pair of 
lines varied one meter. Tliis was discovered and lo<!atcd on the same day. 

There were several errors made of readin;:^ a wire 100 mm. wrongly. The error was 
nearly always apparent on inspection, but no arhitrary corrections were ma<le until 
definitely hunted down, located, and toHted. 

The greatest variation from ^ood means of any of these 2,2(58 lines are one of 
9.9 mm., one of 8.7 mm., one of 5.8 mm., and live lines varying 5 mm. from the means. 

Degree of certainty of fulfilling the requirements of the limit, 3 mm. V 2 K, in the first set 

of lines; also shoicing the amount of lineru^. 



Nninbor of timos line was run. 



1 

2 

3 

4 * 

6 

Total 



LcnKth 
uf Hue. 



Total Ten thou- 
Icnutli of sundthn 



sin;:l«.> lino 
run. 



Metcr/f. 



:577 



662, 425 

1,579 

34,494 

685 



Meters. 

377 

1, 324, 850 

4.737 

137, 970 

4,110 



of the 
whole. 



0.0003 
0.91)00 
0. W«2 
0. 0937 
0. 0028 



699,560 



*l, 472, 050 



1.0000 



♦914.7 miles. 



Nnniher of points whose elevation wa.s determined during: the season and given in 
tabulation, 1,101; total duration of organization of party, 240 days; fromlx^ginning 
t4> end of actual field work, March 24, to Novemher 11, both inclusive, 233 days; 
excluding 33 Sundays on which no work Vas done, 200 days; length of single line 
run each day, 7,360*ineter8; length of single line run by each party, 3,080 meters, 
= 2.29 miles. The fieldwork is comprised in 72 precise-level notebooks of 00 double 
pages each. 

Assist-ant A. L. Johnson contributed his full share to the success of the work. 

By systematically feeling of the bubble by means of the elevating screw, .jnst 
before reading, he get-s a true reading, quite independent of the imperfections of the 
level tube, and thus is master of his work to a degree thought to be entirely imprac- 
ticable by the average precise lovelman. I wish also to state that this work was 
JarticnlaVly favored m having three of the best recorders possible, F. B. Williams, 
ohn P. Baker, and \V. S. Williams, all young college men, used to farm work, prac- 
tical to the extent of climbing wire fences on very hot days encumbered with foun- 
tain pen, note-book, and leveling instrument. All were neat penmen. They were 
punctilious in getting down the observations as rapidly as called out by the observ- 
ers and showed becoming anxiety that no mistakes should occur. 

The rodmen were very faithful in the discharge of their duty, an essential element 
in preci.se level work. F. P. Marsh, foreman, a practical rivernian and skillful work- 
man, was of great usclnlness in navigating the river. He is a good jdlot of the Mis- 
Minri River, though without the license. The party was in all departments quite 
satinfact'Ty. 

Office reduction of notes, — Following I present my report on office reduction of the 
aboA'e nrccise level work : 

This lias been done by myself, Assistant A. L. .Johnson, and Rerorder John P. Baker. 
Mr. Johnson begjm the work on Nov«?mber 13, myself and Mr. Baker on Novemb<*.r 
18, 18y2. Mr. Baker resigned for other work on .January 14, 1^1)3. yin<'e about the 
22d of May Mr. Johnson has been engaged on other work. 

In the work of making copies of linal results, I have been assisted by Messrs. S. 
F. Creceliu, C. E. Taylor, J. W\ Link, and L. Maury, nt ditVerent times. 

The field books wore first indexed and labeled, 1ln*n we checked and recomputed 
all obfier vat-ions for instrumental faetors, both those taken at beginning and end of 
season. 

A r^iim6 of these results is as follows : 



3960 REPORT OF TUE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 



JiecapiiulaUon of inHiniinenial values. 



Value of one divitjlon of level tubes in seconds of j 

an;;lo^=n. j 



Inequality of tf^Iescope ringa. 



No. of ' 
tube. 



! Dat«of 
observa- 
tion. 



n. 



J^iibtemls 

! 1 mill. Used by- 



G 



Nov. 1 



at S. 



1 Seconds.; 

5 ; ^far. 21 2. 4'}2 

6 j Msir. 21 LMH.') 
5 1 Nov. 1 ■ l».88t 



».196 



M. 

S4. 12 O. W. F. 
1)1.40 A.L.J. 
71.r.2 O.W. K. 
04.54 i A.L.J. 



No. of 
tele- 

HCOpO. 



Date of 
observa- 
tion. 



.Value 
of p. 



Correct 

tion 
X»erm. 



Uiedbf- 



I , S^cofidt. Mm. 

4 : Mar. 19 -0.5150 —.031585 O.W.F. 

3 I :SIar. 10 4-0.5:J97 + 002617 I A.L.J. 

4 !Nov. 3 —9.7825 —.047427 aW.P. 



3 ; Nov. 3 —0.1982 —.000961 



A.L.J. 



Angular value of ivlre intervals. 



No. of 
telescope. 



4 
3 
4 
3 



Date of 

obscrrva- 

tion. 



Mar. 
Mar. 
Nov. 
Nov. 



21 ' 
21 

1 

1 

I 



First interval, i Seci»nd interval. | Total interval 



// 



07 56.85 

08 30. 00 

07 58. 40 

08 30.94 



// 



08 0I.:^0 i 

08 5r..o.-> 

08 01.91 ; 

08 55. 6 1 ; 



o 







// 



15 
17 

m 

17 



Spread be- 
yond (c. -f- 
/.) for Im. 



58. 15 
25.05 
tM).31 
25. 59 



Jftn^. 
4.686222 
5. 124778 
4.709778 
5.129222 



JJaoi\fj- 



O.W.F. 
A.L.J. 
O.W.F. 
A.L.J. 



Value of A of Bods .Y, XHI, XVIII, and ATA', Br. and Bl. of Rods X, XIII, XVJl 

and XIX. 





t 


From 






1 










No. of 
rod. 


Date of 
measure- 


lirst 
{gradua- 


A of rod. 


Used by— 


No. of 
1 Tfjd. 


Date of 
nb«(»rvaj 


Br. 


BL 


TTiedlqr- 


ment. 


tion to 






tion. 












spur. 
Mm. 






1 
1 








^ 






, _ . 
Mm. 




1 

1 




Mm. 


Mm. 




X.. 


Mar. 19 


44. 81) 


5.-). 1 1 


0. W. F. - 


X 


Mar. 23 


10.78 


10.13 


O.W.F. 


XIII.. 


; Mar. 19 


44.80 


5."). 14 


o. \y. F. 


XIII.. . 


Mar. 'Si 


17. 35 


16.80 


O.WF. 


XVUI.. 


Mar. 19 


44. 29 


5.-.. 71 


A.L.J. 


XVIII.. 


Mar. 23 


15.85 


16. p5 


A.L.J. 


XIX.- 


: Mar. 19 


44. 37 


5.'-). 6:{ 


A.L.J. 


XIX.... 


Mar. 2:j 


16.12 


15.80 


A.L.J- 


X.. 


i Nov. 3 


45.00 


.^■.. (X) 


(). \V. F. 


f 










XIII.. 


Nov. 3 


44. 05 


5:».oi 


(). AV. F. 


1 










XVIII.. 


Nov. 3 


44.49 


or*. 51 


A.L.J. 












XIX.. 


Nov. 3 


44.31 


55.09 


A. L.J. 


I 











Standard lenf/th of 1 m. on rods used. 



No. of rod . 



('oTiijjjjrj'd 

with sI.iimI- 

nid Oct. il, 

185)1. 



; Conijiared 
, with Mtaiid- 
ard Apr. 12, 
1803. 



Value used 

for season of 

1892. 



X.. 

XTII.. 

XVIII.. 

XIX.. 

Alraii 



..I 



M. 

Not takfii. 
l.<iiM)i:;5 

l.O'KMlhS 

1.00)134 



M. 

1. U00222 
1. iH)!rj43 
1,0UU221 
1.000148 



i 



M. 

1. 000200 
L 000102 
1.000121 
l.(M)0138 
1.000155 



n=-:nnmher of seeonds in IdiviHion of (ub^^ 

S-:=distiiuce at which horizontal v, in' movt-s o\««r 1 nun. for a movement of bubble thro ngh 1<U"' 
of tube. 

7>z=i)nc!-half of the auijle of roii(M«iiveli>pin;;l]ie teles('<>pf> ririjra. 

(<J+/) "" ^^i^«tanl•e fnMu center of iu.-ttrunient t^>a point in fro;il of ohjeit fjla-ns, where rays diverge 

A = correction ti> rod reading to make the rcadiuir refrr to ] oint held on. 

Br. and Hi. are the respective distances from ri^ht shcuilder and left shoulder of iron shoe of wd 
the bottom of spur of rod. 

The cnrvatnre of both tiib(\s ii.s«»;l was <l«(?i(le(ll y grositer at the eiul of the seM 
than at the hegiiinMifj, caiisod l>y the way they happened to bind and by jure 
reived during the work. This is or<Unarily a factor of very little eonsecxner 
since uearly all of the readings are taken wiih end readings of bubble the same. 



APPENDIX Z Z RKPOIiT Ol' MlSSOl'RI UIVKK COxMMlSSION. 3!^Gl 

Material oh an^es in this valvo (u) of on« ilivision of tiiho U of ooimnon occnrronco 
diiriiiff a season's work; it fiiithor shows tli»> superiority of tin* method of reading 
hnbblo at center rather than at any other point, and attMiiptinju^ to :i]>ply itH yahie 
to half the difference of end readin<^H. The value of wire interval slmwed but littlo 
change. 

From the moan of tlie means of thcHc values at the he^'inning and end of the sea- 
son with the values at the beginning and end, two suls <W' tables were constructed, 
to facilitate the office computation, one for the liist half of the season, to July 10, 
1892, and the other for the remainder of the si'af^on. Thesr were: 

(1) A tabic giving correction in millinietei-s per meter for any mean difference in 
end readings of bnbble, inclination ; 

(2) Table giving the correction in nnlliuiet«>rs ])er nioter for c<»llini!iti<»n, from the 
difference between normal and inverted readings through t<*h'Hrope. and distance 
between rod and instrument, devised by Mr. ,Iohn««oii; 

(3) Table giving the distance in meters for any given total summation of inter- 
vals of stretch and the average length of shot. This gives the distnnce very qnickly 
and a good' deal more accnratoly thiin the process of hjokiug out eaeh shot to the 
nearest meter. Both this table and (2) are something entirely new on our precise 
level work; 

(4) Table giving the length of shot in metres for any given total interval; 

(5) Table converting meters into feet and rhr rerna. Also the quantities S, ;>, A, 
Br. and Bl. were taken out for these two prricwls. 

All observations for colHmation and iuelination, taken at the end of eaeh day*s 
work, were checked and redncod, and eorresi)OTiding corrections in millimeters per 
meter taken ont. The algebraic sum of these two eorrections and the eorrection 
for inequality of telescope rings in millim«?ti'i-s jier meter, were then gotten for eaeh 
instrnmeut for each day, to be applied to excess «>f backsights over foresights or 
rice ver$a. 

Checked all quantities and deduced quantities in and from observations, and all 
means and snmmations in the seventy-two ticld books. 

Then the difference of elevation fr<»m l». M. to B. M., with sign, was recom])uted, 
by taking all quantities from the field books and transcribing them on computation 
sficetii, printed and divided exj»ressly for this purpose; giving all information con- 
cerning dat«, location, and deduction, by lilling out the headings and columns. As 
this work wastinishod, stretch by stretch, it was compared with thelield reduction, 
and the cause of all variations from this, in sign and amount, located. 

Beginning at P. B. M. 7, with its old elevation, J24.107i«> meters =407.1 82 feet, 
these tinal results were entered on a new tabulation on sheets designed for this ])ur- 
pose. 

The preface sheet gives an ex]danation of the contents of each column in this tab- 
ulation, following this re]H»rt. These <leductions were regularly compared with the 
field tabulation, and were subsequently rigidly cheeked, at great labor; de]iending, 
as they do mainly, on each other, as links in a chain: if an error is made in one, all 
are wrong. 

The largest error in the field reduction was one of 10 mm., in com]>utation. in the 
reverse line from U. S. Coast Survey, XV at Ber^r,.!- to T. B. M. 127, a stretch of 1077 
meters. The field rcductioji gave these residuals as { l.oOmm. A sum <»f residuals 
of 5.5nmi. is the limit for this distance, but having discovered the 10. mm. it now 
stands =F 3.50 mm., 1.5nini. beyon<l the limit. It is t lie only line in the syst^jiu that is 
beyond the limit, and givea a probable error, in mean determination of r = -|- 2.33 nmi. 

I'ho 100 km. com])rising this Ktr«'tch gives the greatest pr<d)ablo error per km., duo 
to this error. If it hail remained at 3.0 nun., "\" wouhl have been 4i 0.58 mm. per 
km. over this UX) kni's, instead of -|- O.J 12 mm. ]»cr km. as it now stands: rmo error of 
2 millimeters and several of 1 millimeter, and a good many atl'erting the tenths of 
millimeters, were discovered; but they conifuMisated to such an exient that on P. B. 
M. 12 = old B. M. 17, at St. Charles, the otlice reduction nuide the elevati<m only 
2.5 mm. different, higher than the fiehl computation. In this tinal reduction the 
greatest divergence Ixttwoen the indi^pcndent direct and rever^f lines from the mean 
line is ^ 16.03 mm., or 32.06 mm., which is at (iasconade. 

STANDARD LKN'OXn OF METER OX PIlECISE LEVELING nODS. 

Xf XTIL XVIII and XfX. — Comparison with the 3- meter space on 15-footLako 
Survey bar, in the ofllce of the Mississippi Riv<.'r Commission, i>n October 31. ixjn, 
(see Report of Mississippi Hiver ('<»mniission for l>!t»2, p. L'1».V»), wen; taken. (Seo 
Kecapitulation of Instrumental Values.) The lejrend on this bnr states that its 
length is 179.993 inches, at SL'-T., and th:it it expands ().0(H 11 in<h lov eaeh decree. 
Therefore it is standard at 69.7^ F.. and its c»)(»irniint of expansion is n.(MHMKMJ33. * 

On April 12, 1893. by aid of magnifying glasses, hairspring dividers, and a stand- 
ard thermometer, eight observations were made of the h^ugihs of all of these rods; 



35)62 EEPOKT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. B. ARMY. 

four Avitb the rod direct, and four with tho rod rcvcrRod. (See Kecapitnlstioii rf 
lustrnineiital Values.) 

lu April, 18!^^, the rodH all proved lonj:;or tlian on October 31, 1891, for the leasoi, 
I presume, that they had just returned from a wet field Heasoii of the whiter of 189iL 

Ab the rods were used durin;; th(> spring;, summer, aud fall of 1892, all through tlM 
dry season, the measuremmtd of October, 1{<UI, are ^iven three weights, and tboH 
of April 12, 18^*3, one wei^^ht, in determining the lengths to ascribe to XIII, XYIII 
and XIX. Rod X is placed at 1.0(M)2(H) meters. 

All rods being equally concerned in the season's work, the meter used is the men 
value = 1.0001 5a metei-s. 

The ''rod correctiou" is computed from this function, to correct elevationfl to 
expressions iu the standard meter-— 3.'2^<O^St^H3 feet. 

Connection at St. Charles nlth precine Icirh of 1SS7. — There are two beuch markBin 
common, P. IJ. M. 12 = Old B. M. 17 and T.'l5. M. 20 =01d T. B. M. 2. 

Meten. 

The elevation of P. B. M. 12 as found by precise levels of 1887 9.20740 

Ihe elevation of this brouglit from St. Joseph 9.2R1120 

Rod correction for this elevation — 0.01781 

Corrected elevation -. .«. 9.25199 

Constant correction as per P. B. M. 12 —0.04399 

The elevation of T. B. M. 20 as found by precise Icvols of ls«7 8.7260 

The elevation of this brought from St. Josejjh 8.7821.5 

Rod correction for this elevation —0.01788 

Corrected elevation 8.76457 

Constant correction as per T. B. M. 20 —QSKSXSl 

P. B. M. 12 is a copper bolt leaded hori/uutally iu laud pier of St. Charles Bridgs. 

T. B. M. 20 is a nail in root of elm tree standing on edge of bank. 

The above coimections show that, since 1887, 1*. B. M. 12 and T. B. M. 20 h»T» 
eh.inged their relative elevation 5.12 mm., by P. B. M. 12 rising or T. B. M. 20 set- 
tling, or both. 

It is thought that quite probably T. B. M. 20 settled somewhat, as the roots hare 
since bei'ome ex]»osed; but it is not thought that P. B. M. 12 is any higher. 

Therefore, in the rcducti<m, to correct ■'^t. Louis City Directrix, P. B. M. 12 is taken 
to be correct at 9.20740 met<'rs, and aft<'r the rod correction was applied, the con- 
stant 0.01399 was subtracted from all elevations computed from the starting point, 
P. B. M. 290 = -V-. 

In the total of 2.268 stretches, only nine lines, considered erratic, were rejected; 
these are given in the tabulation, followed by the (t) dagger. 

The probable error in the liual elevation of P. B. M. lli = ^, carried from P. B. M. 
290 := "V^ (or vice rersa), as computed thnmgh the probable error of each stretch, in 
the (J22.481 km. int<?rvening --■ -j- 11. i nun. 

The pnd)able error x in each kilometer of the whole line = J; 0.58 mm. 

Probable error x in each kilonn-ter of — 

mm. 

First 50 km J.0.58 

First 100 km ±a56 , 

Second 100 km ±0.56 

TbirdUH)km J-aM 

Fourth 100 km ±0.59 

Fifth lfK)km ±0.63 

Renuuning22..5kni ±0.54 

Showing that the woil; i-; ail oI.-I'mhij tlie. same detri<*e of ]»recision. 

Description of h fin rli inarln. — In ni:i];iiiu- ^u\t jlie list of d<'scri])t ions of bench marl^i 
all U. S. Coast and (^'odetic Survey i'. I». Ms ani only given with their own num- 
bering, all otbers are classed under one of the two heads, P. B. Ms and T. B. MSi 
and are numberetl from the mouth of river up. Whenever the B. M. described wsi 
an old B. M., this was mentioned, and, if it had an old number, this was also given 
immediatelv after its new number. 

We wrote the descriptions from data in nrde books of 432 T. B. Ms, 312 P. B. Ma, 
180 Ton of Cap V. B. Ms, 22 K. S. Coast ami (ieodetie Survey P. B. Ms, 8 City B. 
Ms, and 12 gauges; total in list. !)<i(i, with (devai ions gi ven both in meters and feci 
The work between Sioux City and St. .Joseph lias been under my supervision sinw 
Assistant J. A. Paige left the work, early in .la unary last, with a view to obtaining 
similarity of presentation. The mean elevations of B. Ms common to tlie twolisM 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 39G3 

ill the vicinity of U. 8. Boat-yard and St. Joseph waterworks, fm carried from St. 
Charles, were taken np in this work and continued to the Big Sionz River. 

Also the namhering of P. B. Ms and T. B. Ms was taken up and continued to the 
same place. 

Similarity has heen secured in the tabnhition, with the exception that, as was Mr. 
Paige's liabit in the field work, the Jotters **N" and "8" are used to denote the di- 
rection of the line instead of "dirotrt and reverse/' Also no lines in liis tabulation 
are marked as rejected, since all erratic lines, as shown by tlio preliminary field com- 
pulation, not being considered worthy of equal weight with others, were not re- 
duced, but left in uie note books, not appearing in either the field or office tabula- 
tion. Assistant O. H. B. Turner and Mr. S. F. Creoelius have been charged with the 
completion of this work. 

In my office reduction, I have not only' been efficiently aided by Assistant A. L. 
Johnson, but have been able to obtain and present results in better form through 
his thought and care. 

Respectfully submitted, 

O. W. Ferquson, 
AiiUiant Engineer, 

let Lieut. J. C. Sakford, 

Corpe of Engineer a f U, 8, A., 

Secretary Missouri River Commission, 



TABULATION OF PRECISE LEVEL RESULTS. ST. JOSEPH, MO., TO THE MOUTH OF 

MISSOURI RIVER, 1892. 

The following tabulation of results of final reduction furnishes the data for deter- 
mining the elevation and for discussing the results of the work. 

Bench marks marked with an ast'Crisk (*) are not in the main lino of levels. 

This tabulation proceeds in the direction that the work did, down the river, 
thongh the numbering and order of the list of descriptions of bench marks follow- 
ing this tabulation are made to proceed from the mouth up. 

Column 1 ^ives the number and character of the bench sought and the names of 
towns and cities passed through. 

Column 2 gives the number and character of the bench mark from which the 
bench mark in column 1 was determined. 

Column 3 gives the length of single line run between the benches in the two pre- 
ceding columns. 

Column 4 gives the total length of single line run from the initial point to each 
bench. 

Column 5 gives the direction the ^ork proceeded in each line run. If proceeding 
from a point whose elevation in the chain had previously been determined to an 
additional point to the chain, it is called Dir. ==-. direct; if in opposite direction. 
Rev. == reverse. 

Column 6 gives the difference in elevation determined by each run and its sign, 
-4- indicating that the forward bench is the higher, — that the forward bench is 
lower. The dagger (t) indicates that the line was rejected. 

Column 7 gives the residuals or the correction for each line to bring it to the 
mean. 

Columns 8 and 9 give the continuous algebraic summation of the residuals, and 
shows at every bench the amount that the two indepeu<lent (direct and reverse) 
linos diverge from the mean. 

Column 10 gives the probable error of the mean determined for each stretch, com- 

/ v r» 
pa ted from the formula r= 0.6745 / -, =-r 

y/mim — 1) 

Column 11 gives the probable error of the mean final result computed from the 



intitial point. ItisR= I Ir^ 



Column 12 gives the — rod correction to apply to the elevation to correct meter 
on rods used to standard. 

Columns 13 aad 14 give the final elrvati<m8 in meters and feet above St. Louis 
City directrix with all corrections applied. Value of inciter, = 3.2808693 feet. 

Column 15 gives the elevation of old bench marks as previously detennined by 
common level. 

Column 16 ^ves the amount of the discrepancy between these elevations and the 
precise elevations. 

Column 17 gives the observer: F. = O. W. Ferguson, J. = A. L. Johnson, B. = 
J. P. Baker, and W. = F. B. Williams. 

P. B. M. = a permanent precise bench mark. T. B. M. =? a temporary precise 
't, tkat in many cases is quite permanent. 



r^ r. - 



3964 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 



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APPENDIX Z Z ^REPOKT OF MISSOURI KIVKR COMMISSION. 3965 



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3966 REPOET OF THE CHIEF OF ESGIXEKHS, U. 8. ARMY. 





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ss ^?, ss 2a «3 2S 




all 


sil fl 


11 11 11 11 11 




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c 








., 


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u 


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APPENDIX Z Z REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3067 



^•s 



1^ 









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8 



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o 



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+ 



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5 



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31)68 KEPORT OF THK CHIEF OF FNG1SEER8, U. 8. ABUT. 



i ■ » f. 

t i t 



i t 



a a f5 = 

s I g g 

^ s g s 

SI i 1 1 



I I 

1 1 



s s 



s s 



I*. 



ss ^s t^s ss 

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:?!'r,o 


3|l = . 


siv. 


pii„ 


s[|.„ 


t 


--. 


5,«a 


" 1 " 


= ,3S 


9|.E5 


cbs 


3 


sa 


1 !7T 


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+ !jj_ 


jll- 


+ !|iT 


J_ 


+(- 



:ii:^;l 



ill I § g B 



^1 ! Is 



H B H 



r 

r 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3969 



& 



e4 



n 



s 



i 

+ 
S 



6 



^ 






s 






s 



CO 



n 

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s 



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s 

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o 



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s 

1-^ 



3 






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8 



9 



2 



14 



9 



X 




a* ' a ' ' a ' ' a ' ' a ' ' a ' ' a ••es -a 

- , • ■ •! iiP* ••3 ••51 '^y iiM 2 W 



i 



s 



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3 



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s 


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9 



S 

n 



H 









3068 KBPORT OF THK CHIEF OF liNGINEERS, U. 8. ARMY. 






I I 



t 1 



S^ S£ SS SS £S 



m 

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I 



1+ 


It -^ 


+1 


+1 


?t 




n 






im 


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5l!;3 


s. 

3 


^^ 


1 


1 };"T 1'|l+-^ 




Jill 


-i-J!T'T 


7 


+1- 




APPENDIX Z Z — ^BEPOBT OF MISSOURI EIVEU COMMISSION. 3971 



S 

i 



a 



8 

i 



I 



I! 



9 

5 
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Ui 



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rt 




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m 



to 



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^ 



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gj 


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o 


o 


o 


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• 


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-* 


« 


l"- 


1- 


n 


« 



o 

CI 

c: 



3 



8 
1 



to 

I 



m 



o 



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1-4 
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I 



11 



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9 




S 


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8 


^ 


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5 


d 


d 


9 


8 


s 


& 


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1 








d 



8 

d 



88 

do 



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S 

+ 



88 

i1 



8 

I 



++ 



8 

i 



d 

+ 



o 



1 



Si 

1 



m 

1 



It 



ss 



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C4 



»fl»0 



CO 






1 



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CO 



oo 



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o 



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8 



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7 



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o 



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I 



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!! 

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— 1 o o 

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CO : 

~ ■ 

7 I 



**0 '*Q ''fl *'fl ''d ' ' 

gt 3±g SiiSJ^o iii^ sit ^ 



►-^. 







t. > 



^ ^ "St ^ -^ *i -* -^ •r - -- 






3 



S 
Si 



3 
8 



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n 



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n 



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ro 



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8 



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3 

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3970 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OP BS0ISEEE8, U. 8. JJOnT. 



I ^-^ 





^ 


► 






b, 


























^i 








^ 


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% 1 




B 














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S 




































J 


9 s i 


§ 3 1 ? 


II 

s 


h 


i i i 


^ § i g 




5 


1 1 1 


II 11 






^ s s 


£ S SS 2 












^d 


(8 E S 


S ^ S S 


^k 


l-f T T 


1 f -it 






i: : : 






«i ^ ^ •* 




> 


|8 S 8 


a fc § f= 












s. 


,-S 3 S 


C S 8 S 






Hit 


+ + + T 














M 


?r 


If t 1 


t: U 13 8 




1^ 


t 1 t J 




E 


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i^u gs ss 


S3 E^ESK SS SS 


& 


= 11 


s== =, =-. 


i1 iiti -= ii 






. 




s 




S 




3 


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3 


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s 


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% 






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s 


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§ 


ss 


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§ 


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5^ 


5 


tB 


t 








++ 




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+ 


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17 


7 


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J 












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1 a 1 5=55 1 SI 1 ii 1 




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1 














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1 


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g g §5 






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? 




t 






f 










p 






K 









PPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3975 



H 



n 









8 

i 



§ i 


S 


s 


i 


§ 


s 


§ 


g 


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++ 



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dd 

99 

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8 



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+ + 



8 

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§ 

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8 



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n 



g 



8 



8 



m 



8 



S 3 



Ok 

■ 









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Pi 

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7^ 

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3974 ££PORT OF THli; CHIEF OP £NOIN£BBS, U. 8. ABKT. 







g 


. 






^ 




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s 




? 




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s 


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g 




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s 


i 


I i i 




1 1 




1 




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s 


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3 




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li 


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g 3 




5 






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1 




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1- 




o 




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E 




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Si 
















a* o 


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S 




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a 


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^- 














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r ■ 


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B 




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1 




c= 


^1 1 1 








+ 




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n ?i 




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s 


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5 


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S 




? 


„. 


Si 


n„- 


a 


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t . 


* s 


1 


Ji 


P;-^. 


f| 


i! 


a 


x£ 




is 


s 


[!! 


1 


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1 


» 


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1 1 




o = 




1 










++ 














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1 


II 


si 1 ^1 1 ^1 


1 


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1 


bI 


1 


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i 


1.^^ 


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1 1 




S 




i 8 


i 


Uil 


Is 3 » 




3 ; 




s 




« i 


t 


1.1 


H i = 




s 2 




s 




= = 


ri 


^" 




" 




" 


























1 


1 






















^ 5 S 




























X 2 






a IS s 




= s 




a 




a a 






ri =i K 




ri OS 




ri 




ri ri 




R 


£- 


-, 


f 




H H 




H 




H H 




















i-j 












s J 








|l i 






1 


a 
tf 
H 










3 




i 






3 






5 






P 


I 


r 



APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3975 



3 

i 



8 

■ 

7 



6 



8 

<4 



s 

.4 
I 



>i 



So 



a 



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g 



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1 



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8 

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8 

7 



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9 



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o 



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to 



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ei 

8 

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I 



8 

+ 



88 



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1 



a 

h 



11 



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8 
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8 






la 



ifi 



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88 

o'o' 

1 + 



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t-t- 

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C4 



S MOOQ 



! 



++ 



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eoiA 



T 



s 
1 






8! 

7 



I • • 

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8 

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s 


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8 



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n* * Mm **M **•■ ■*«« **»« ■*«« **«« ' ' rm ' ' 

• •P ••9 ••9 ' * M ''E ••^ ••5 ..M . , 

S^« 8i:«J^t i.'-i Si:^ t h% 3i:$ S.i2^ Si:^ » 



SK a 



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3976 SEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF EHOINBEBa, U. S. ABllY. 



I i 



E 
I 

1 



t^-f 




It 




1* 




IT 




ii it n 


8|',. 


s 


^^ 


s 


... 


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h— 


g 


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5 


r- 


s 


,. 


s s* 


^ 


ss 


s 


1^ 


! 


ss 


p 


55 


a 


H 


i 


m 




■f 
























++ 


*' 










++ 






1 





si I 






APPENDIX Z Z — ^BEPOBT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3977 



^ 



^ 



CO 



oo 



g 






T 
I- 

O 

• 

o 
t 




s 

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s 



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8 



s 



8 

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to 






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9 



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8 

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ro8 



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n 


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n 




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g 


li 


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88 


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7 




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77 


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u. 


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■ • wf **S *'9 **9 ■*!! '*3 ' ' TS ' ' H *^ • ^' 



9 

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8 



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00 
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8 



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to 
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s 



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o 
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8 
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3dTS BBFOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENOI»EB&a, D. S. ABUT. 







i 


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tr 


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1 


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1 





APPENDIX Z Z — ^BSPOUT OF MISSOURI BIVSR COMMISSION. 8979 



^ >i 


^' ^ 1^ h 


\ ^ ^ ^ 


; ^■ 




• o 

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3 


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s 

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3l)S0 REPOBt Of- TUB CaiBF Of BlTOlNfieftd, U. S. ABHK 



^ I 



■ liii 



i\ti 



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t1 


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+ 1 




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s «- 


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S||§3 


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8 












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++ 


i-- 


J-+ 








-APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MI8S0UBI RIVEE COMMISSION. 3981 



30 



g 






So 



8 



CO 



3 



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Pt4 &( h ib ^ H^ 1^* 


• 1 


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■ 


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m '' * *■ 


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f-l 


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wci 




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6*> 



BEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENOINEEBS, U. 8. AAMT. 





^ 


^ 


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! 


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in 




++++ 




















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nlal 


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la 


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lis 




E 


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5- 






1 







APPENDIX Z Z — ^BEPOET OF MISSOUEI RIVER COMMISSION. 3983 



I 



91 



hi 




s 



s 



eo 



a 

8 



3 



m 



8 



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8 



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s 



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la 






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1% 



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3D84 BEPOIiT OF THE CHIEF OP BHQINBERS, U. 8. ABUT. 





s 


^ 










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CC 












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a 


















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i 


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t 


1 1 1 1 1 1 i 1 


i 


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ii 


SI 1 1 1 'f 1 1 f 












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'•*' 




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> 


^1 t 1 1 1 1 1 t 


- 




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1^ 


it i t t i i i i 


3 




i%Z SS !iS SS S8 SS S3 SS 




^11 


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s ■ 


a. 


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w 


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t.i 


r^ 


8 = i E = S 


SI 


1 


1 












: 


1 


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sxa;^s;aaN 




= =;d?i=iedda 


a 


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^ » 




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t 






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a 




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i 


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4 





APPE^"DIX Z Z ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3985 



W 9 

3 



IX 



to 

s 



i 

i 



^ 




h 


; fc 


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1 


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1 






















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2 



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s 

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s 


3 


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^ 


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^ 


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9 


a 




1 


1 


c4 

1 


• 

1 


1 


1 


1 


7 


1 


1 



lO 



00 
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1 



11 



11 



n 



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8 

o 

I 



11 



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11 



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s 

1 



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pe 



1 + 



g 



s 



7 



CO 



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si 



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n 



s 



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cJs4 

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8 



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00 



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ci 
n 



■r + 



o 

CI 



00 



o 

lA 



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+ 



+ + 



a 


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8 


s 


lA 

r-t 


s 


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5 




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«i ' 


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d 


c« 


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+ 


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• •a* •*ari •*«• *'«« ''f* **^ **^4 *'f4 **aa ** 

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a 



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3986 BEPOET OF THE CHIEF OF ENOIHBBBS, U. 8. ARBfY. 





s 


. 






t; 




I. 






- 










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^ »; 






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1 




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i 


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i 


1 


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i i 


" 


a 


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g S s 


g 


s = 


4 


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ES 


s s 


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1 


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8 


3 3 








d d 




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t> 


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s 


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s 


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a 


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3 


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2 




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tf 


1 


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n 






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-" 




1 


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3 


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e 


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M 


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^ 


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e 
















n 






si Si^ 





APPENDIX Z Z — ^BEPOET OP MISSOURI BIVEB COMMISSION. 3987 



1 






PE| 




11 






CD 

"3 . 

U0 



n 

I 



S i § 



i 

*• 



o 
+ 



CO 



GO 



3 
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s 



^ 



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s 



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00 

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3 



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00 



s 



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7 



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1 



3 
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1 



8 



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I 

I 



1 



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s 






n 



s 



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tn 



9 



T 



1 






r-t 
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@ 









+ 



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+ 



3 



l" 









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1? 



1? 



S3 

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22 

m m 

oo 



eo 

t1 



CO 



o p 



«»«0 

ill 

++ 






3 

s 

I 



++ 



s 

r-t 

+ 



ooe 

efcf 

+ + 



9 



S3 



++ 



S 



CO CD 

S3 






ss 



woo 



CO 



+ 



CO 






s 



iH 

+ 



t-O 



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o 






104 



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Ci ! 

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I- ■• 

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si ^ 



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i 



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CD 



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i 



e* 



2 



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CO 
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oo 



s 






CI 



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ee 



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i 












p 



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o . 








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i 


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5 




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• 


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m 


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« 


« 


« 



I 

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QQ 



4 



!8 



EEPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEEBS, U. B. ABUT. 





s 


s 








c> 






ti 




h' 














i 


^^ 


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1. 


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i 


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a 


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1 




ft 


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k 


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f 


i 


III 11 


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APPENDIX. Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOUKI RIVKR COMMrSSION. 398'J 






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APPENDIX Z Z ^REPOBT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3991 



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3992 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENG1SEER8, U. 8. "ARMY. 





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APPENDIX ^ Z REPORt OF* MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3993 



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3994 HEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. & ABM7. 



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-APPENDIX Z Z ^REPOBT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 3995 




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3996 EEl'OKT OF Till! CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARinT. 





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APPENDIX Z Z REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4001 



C4 



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4002 EEPOET OF THE CHIEF OF BXGINEEES, U. B. ABUT. 





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APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4003 



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4002 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF EltGINEERS, U. B. AKHY. 



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APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4005 






6 



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400G REPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENOINEEftS, U. 8. ARMY. 



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APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4007 



C9 



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4008 BEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OV EXOINEEBS, D. 8. ABHT. 





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APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4009 



Sm Ui 


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4010 BEPOKT OP TUB CIHKF OF ENGISEEE8, U. S. ABUT. 









































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1 
























































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p s p a 


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f T 7 T 








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APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPOBT OP MISSOURI EIVKK (COMMISSION. 4011 



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4010 BEPOET OF TUE CIIIKF OF EXGIXEERS, U. S. ASHY. 





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APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4013 



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4012 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF KN0INEER8, U. 8. ABMT. 







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B 


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Z Z — ^EEPOET OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4015 



Ph 



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4016 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ABUT. 





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a 







APPEMDIX Z Z REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4017 



c< 



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4018 REPORT OF THB CHIEF OF ENOIMEEl^, U. S. ABUT. 





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t 






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III 


I^H 


« 


3E 


1 


^ 


! 


3S 


s 


w^,\ 


u 


! 


=s 


^ 


Tf 


^ 






1 










+ + 


+ 


>,lll 




11 




mI 






li 


§1 1 a 1 gi 1 gi 1 


all 
1 


^klisUkl 


\m 


jf. = a a 


I 5 § 


I'^s 


^? 


1 i 

S 5 


^ ^ 


t i % 


%A 


li 


s s 


» i S 


SI 


^"^ " " 




1 






1 


1 


5 


§ § § g S 


s s § 


1 


K 3 >i a 3 


a 31 ^ 




ri m ai B ri 


=9 n d 




H 




W 


H 


^ 


- H ti 


1 




1 


h 


: i 

: 1 

S : 




1 


a a a a 51 




a S a S ^t 






^ K^ 14 






t 






H 








t- 












HJS 




■i 





APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4019 



8 






s 



i § 



s 



I- 



Q 



i 



% 



s 






8 



S 

•-4 



3 



q6 






^ 



s 
s 



1 



1 



9 
1 



S 
1 



s 

1 



s 

1 



1 



1 






8 

+ 



I 



1± 






8 



3 

+ 



8 
1 



dei 



9 



3 



1 



T7 



+ 



S 
1 



3 






+ 



s 

+ 



I 



s 

«-4 
I 



as 

It 



00(10 



f 



8 

i 



S8 

.±1 



OiO 



1 1 



as 

• ■ 






a 






I 



CO 

o 



o 



3 

+ 



i2 



+ 



3 

I 



i2 



^^ 



>o 



88 

• ■ 



eo 






8 



+ 



00 1-4 






+ 



noo 



I I 



8 



ooo 

90 
+ + 



o 









oo 



OQ 



8 
8 



ooo 

O&O) 
CO w 

+ -I- 



8 

o 



+ 



I- 

I 



o o 



+7 



s 

00 

ec 



'to 



CD to 



9 



i 



6 



i 



I 



S 



o 

rH 



s 

eo 



o 

CO 



8 



8 



00 
CI 



8 



m 



: ' 9 • J fl • J 9 • J 9 • J 9 • • 9 • J S • ' 9 — 9 ^ • 9 

g| I g| I §1 I §1 I §1 I Si I Sll II I g| I si I 



8 






B 



8 

6! 



8 



S 



8 



8 



ri 






ri 



eo 

ri 



8 


§ 


i 


• 


a 


id 


• 


1^ 


Pi 


ri 


p^ 


pq 


If 


H 


m 

H 


5^ 



o 



CO 

ri 



ri 
e4 



CO 

ri 

H' 



ri-g 



L 



4018 REPOET OF THE CHIEP OF ENGlSEEtta, U. S. ABUT. 



II 



I 



I 



111 

u 



t 


"'i 


« 


n 




t-; 


°+1 




77 




It 




i 




^ 


11+'^ 


2 

i 


iil! 

77 It 


ii 

1 1 


7 


li 


1 


fi 


!i 




APPENDIX Z Z — BEPOBT OP MISSOURI RIVEB COMMISSION. 4019 




4020 BEPOET OP THE CHIEF OP ENGDIEBB8, U. S, ASHY. 



|S 



»B* 



*'1* It 




"T 


+7 




1% 




« 


illi 










ii 

11 


1 


|i 


1 


++ + 


m 


s 



i ii 






APPENDIX Z Z — ^BEPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4021 



i 



4 



04 

c< 



4 



^ 







m 




1 








! M 

o 
1 










204.537 








203.041 



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8 



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0» 



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s 

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o 



c« 



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ri 



s 



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9 



2 



S 



c» 

00 



2 
7 






1 



8 

1 



8 ♦ 

1 



1 



1 



1 



s 

1 



00 

I 









0» 









8 






s 



s 



s 



o 
o 



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CO 



n 

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CO 

o 



o 

l-l 

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00 



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1 


1 


% 


<3 
+ 


o 

+ 


s 


3 


3 


s 


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5; 




• 


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1 


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1 



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t1 



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1 + 



1% 



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1? 



1$ 



00 

o 



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to o 

do 

+ 1 



si 
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I 



30 00 
+ + 



3 



09» 






s 



+ 



11 



1 



ICO 



53 



CO 



•.4 I 



lACI 






eo ! 



coco 



c» 



3606 



+ 



00 

-f 4- 



o 

I 

o 



QC ?l XC» 

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•-< rH C! O 

J .H + 

O ll 

l-l I, lO »CI 00 






5 

o 



4 



1-1 d CI ?l 



00 > 
3 



o o 

CICI 

d => 

+ ! 



CO z> 



o 



3 
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rt CO 



ooc c 



I I I I I I 



CI ?l 



S 



10 o 

11 r-t 

do 

CltO 



CO 

(O I 

n I 



CI 

+ 



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coec 
I I 



^ 



• ■ 

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SI 


1 


• • 

si 


;^ 


• • 

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ss 


1 


02 Dir.. 
Rev.. 


a 

1 


as 


1 






C8 


. . a 

Ms 1 




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2 Rev 




11 Dir . . 
Rev . 


:§ 




^ 


1-1 




& 









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t» 




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t- 




">* 


CJ 














i 




• 




ej 




S 




ei 




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• 


•^ 






10 











iH 






iH 




1-1 




^ 


rH 






t^ 




I-) 




00 




CO 




ee 




M 




CO 




CO 


CO 






CO 




CO 


s 




§ 




2 


■ 


§ 




3 




s 




Cl 

CO 


§ 






31 




s 



f4 



2 
(4 



CO 



i 


eo 


§ 


55 

CO 




iH 
CO 


r-l 
CO 


1-1 


iH 
CO 


1—1 

CO 


9i 


• 


• 


l:^ 


1^ 


^ 


rf 


• 




• 


pj 


Pt$ 


ft{ 


ri 


ri 


n 


n 


ri 


ri 


ri 


»{ 


H* 


H 


H 


H 


H 


H 


• 


H 


• 



(4 



i 


■ 

00 


iH 


bi 


• 


« 


^ 





n 


§• 


8^ 




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3" 


• 
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II 


f^ 


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8 


a» 


<o 


rH 


to 


n 


CO 


1—1 


r-t 


^ 


1^ 


K 


;^ 


ri 


ri 


•P.B. 
Glasg 


ri 



4022 BEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGIttEBBS, V. 8. ABUT. 



I I I I 



SB SiSS SS SS 



=|*T 




i1 




n 




ni 




1+ 




It 


1* 




++ 


i 

-- 
+ 


ii 
ft 


S 

i 
t 


ii 
J!. 


i 


m 

iii 


id 
1 


^i 


2 

1 


ill 


^ 


-i 



3l a 5^ 



I o3 I a^S S ol I al I si I 



i ji> I 



I a 



APPENDIX 1 1 — ^BEFOBT OP HtSBOUBI BIVEB COMUISSIOtf. 40^3 



I I I I I I 1 I I I 

1 111111111 

2 S 2 S S i S 8 S 8 



*1 


aa 


It 




1+ 


i1 




It 




n 


It 


l*'' 


t1 




"it 


In 




s 

i 

+ 


ii 


++ 


1 




- 


¥: 


i if 


S SB 




i 

1 



£1 1 SI 


iU 


l^i 


Ui 


1 


si 


lai 


Isi 


1 ;§l 1 «i 1 




t 


3 


1 






s 


i 


3 z 


t • 


s 


S 


« 




8 


s 


s 


a 3 





















ii i 



4024 REPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENQINEEBS, U. S. ABXl. 





g 


^ 






h 










►s 




►n" 


►i 


»; 




fij 




















i 1 










5S 




















1 












^ . 




















s 










s 


il 




















1 i 










































?" 




i 




g 




s 




i s 




1 e 




'.S 


£ 


s 




s 




g 




3 i 




^ 3 




P 


E 


1 




1 




1 




i 1 




i 1 






a 


8 




s 




3 




s £ 




!« 3 




^1 


i^ 




s 




R 




= 3 




^ 3 




h 




1 








! 1 




^ 3 
1 1 




























Ss 










































i^ 




2 




!3 




P 8 




= e 


























1 i., 


,s 




R 




S 




i S 




8 S 




t. 


1= 


^1 




1 




1 




+ + 




+ + 






s ■ 


E^ 




S 




« 




s s 




s s 




1 Q- 


St 




+ 








=f T 








^■^ 


(SS 




£3 




sss 




3SS3 8S 




sJS 33 




^Sll 


^%1 




17 




n 




n$t tf 




1i^ "i 








s 




s 




a 


-0— 


^ 


-.n 


Sll 


mt 


» 


_„ 


"II 


Hi 


m 


a 


|S3 


5 


is 


S 


3?8? 


? 


SS 


§ 


U 


^ 


+■+ 


+ 






























1 


+t 




1 1 


1 






1 1 


'1 




+ 








1 


al 


1 


ai 


1 


u 


1 


!il 1 ^i 




iiUk 


i 

a 


^ 


n3^ 


rS 




i 




a 




g 1 




1 s 




i^n 






= 




I 




S E 




g ^ 




%i 


^£ 




s 




s 




1 s 




s 1 




Si 


« 




















i 






















1 


g 
a 




s 




i 




S 3 




i 1 
a a 










a 




a 




a a 




a « 




^ 


t^ 




1 


~ 


t- 






- H 




1. H" 




t 










i 








^ 


3 




i 




d 




5 3 




? 1 




^ 


:e 




^ 




a 




a '^ 




1 ^ 








= 












c 










^ 




3 




ri 





APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4025 



I— 



3 

Gi 



Ph 



eQ 



oo 






Ph 






e 



M 



Si 



Ph 



p^ 



PE4 



58 



I" 



3 
I- 

C4 



CI 






s 



s 






3 

C4 



CI 

o 












00 



to 

o 

C4 



00 

l>- 
!>- 

00 

ci 

o 



7 



ss 



9 



lA 



I 



1 



00 

o 



CO 
CO 



C) 

t-! 



CI 



00 

I 



CI 

-f- 



I 



s^ 



iO lA 



CO 

o 
+ 



g?l»Cl 



• • • • 

e^csioQ 
14- +1 + 1 



^3 



09iO<D 



^1 



S; 



00 

o 

+ 



s 



s§ 



CO 

o 
o 



^ 






o 



+ 



e 
+ 



00 

o 



oo 
o 



+ 



CO 

o 

I 



CO 

00 



s 



00 



% 



o 

+ 



lOtA 

09 CO 

t1 



!39 
1 + 



OO 

n 



c o 



o 



LI O 



CO 

o* 



4-^ m 

n n 



4- 



+ 1 



s 



•on 

si 



3 

lA 

+ 



m • 



•A 



lAt- 

I I 



s 



00 
7-1 



^o !§ 

c4 ci CI 



C4C« 



T\ 



c« 



CO 



oeo 

00 c? 
cico 



I I 



lA 



o 

CI 



lACJ 

CI « 



+ + 



o 



o 



c o 
4-1 



o !■ 
n < 



+ 



xo 

ci ro 
o v: 
o o 



++ 



i 

CO 

4- 



si a ea^i I all al I a 



© ® 






© 



Pm 



9 : • o 

^ P« Sit 



•'1 © 



© 



^ © I® 









8 

m 



eo 



i 



CO 

o 

S3 



CO 

CO 



oo 



lA 

O 

• 

eo 

CO 

eo 



o 

CI 

cT 



3 

CO 



oo 

CI 

lA 



»A 

CO 
CO 






Pi 



8 

OS 









00 

■ 






S-3 



§ 

^ 

ri 

E4 



ci 

•A 



P 



o 

CI 

p 



»A 

© 

o 

e« 

« 



?i 

P 

H 



o 

P 



ci 



P 



»A 
O 
CI 



p 









































































































> 






g " 






1 












CI 





in 
o 

CI 

p 



IS 
P 
H 



o 

CI 



II 

P' 

5^* 



4026 BEPOBT OV THE CHIEF OP ENGINEERS, V. 8. ARMY. 































fi 






























? 


I 








: 




; 
































































« 


fSf 






































sf 






























4o 


s 


3 ^ JE S i S 5 


Iff 

r 






s 


III 1 i 1 1 




a 


i sg E s s. a S 


n 


.S S 3 S 3 S S 


^111 ^11! 














■■M 


es 5 S S R e g 




e^ 






!.■ 


g s s s s s 


H 


1= 


l=f -f ? till 




^S g 2 S S 8 g 






^ + 


+ 


T f i i :f 


2 




jSS 


SJK32 2S S2 S3 SS 


U 


^11 


^f+ $1 


lilt 


It it « ?1 


s 


i 




!? 




S 




5 


OH 


H 


-c 


s 


«^ 


2 


^ 




III 


i« 


§ 


jl 


? 


|P_= 


5 




? 


11 


^. 


5S 

77 


^ 


1 


! 






+ 11 












1 














ll 


si 1 SI 1 &i iUiUiiiisii 


1'^ 


jS 1 = S 8 s 5 


i'^-l 


"8 s § t t i i 


hi 


E" 5 S s 5 5 s 


s -. 


s 


1 






1 


3 8 8 g s a 8 


! 


a a a a si B a 








H H f; H H t; tJ 


a 








1 s « = s a 3 




6 a a a a S a 




1 d ri ; a a « 






S- 






w 




ri 












pi 


1 


* 





APPENDIX Z Z — ^KEPOBT OF MISSOURI BIVEB COMMISSION. 4027 



^ 



C4 



^ 



C4 



u 



04 
I- 



s 



CQ 

n 



S5 



o 






91 



S 









& 



g 



:g 



3 






m 



^ 



%n 



to 



S3 

s 



o 

I 



7 



I 



I 



s 

o 

7 



CO 



CO 



s 


& 


3 


s 


s 


o 


So 


s 


s 


s 


® 


o 


d • 


d 


d 


d 

a 


d 


d 


• 


• 

o 



s 


s 


s 


s 


S3 


S 




£ 




T 


• 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


■ 

T 


1 


s 


s 


s 


s 


3 


s 


to 

1-* 


s 




■-« 


• 


oi 


d 


ej 


CJ 


• 


• 


• 

CO 


+ 


■!- 


+ 


-H 


+ 


+ 


+ 


+ 


+ 


8S 


^3 


es 


S3 


8S 


^3 


^g 


ss 


gg 


cif6 


t1 


dd 


99 


dd 


1? 


1-lrH 


■ • 

oo 


r^-4 




+ 1 


4-1 




-*-| 


+ 1 


14- 



+ + 






4-4- 



-t- 



ot- 

C0CO 

11 



CO 
lA 



I 



OO 

4-4- 



ol 

m : 



oo 

■ • 

is 

11 



1-1 CJ 

11 



•A 



O 
CI 

1 



I I 



5 II -^r>. 

+4- 



I 






in 00 



I I 



iO 



eo 

4- 



o 

o< 



o 
o 

d 



• • 

oo 



I 14-4- 



o I 

• I 

O ' 
CI 



CI ! 





















flS s ss 






s 



2 t.> 



fc. > 



g 









8 



§ 



i 

d 



is 






3 



CI 

O 



i 



lA 



d 



9 

CO 



d 
SI 



d 



s 



§ 


§ 


§ 


i 


S 


S 


i 


1 


i 


g 


^ 


»' 


id 


$j 


1^ 


Id 


:^ 


:^ 


• 


Id 


f4 


ri 


ri 


ri 


Pi 


CJ 


n 


pq 


n 


ri 


H 


H 


eJ 


H 


H 


H 


H 


H 


• 


^ 



? 



i 


i 


§ 




Id 


^ 

n 
H 



Pi 

8^' 



OQ 



u 

o 

* 



esi 



P3 






1 



id 



4028 BEPOKT OF THE CHIEF OP ElfOINEESS, U. 8. ABKT. 



1 fi 





S 


,- 














aa 




ta h 




































1 


^ 


















- — 












































































































,1 










































i 


s s s s 


; 1 a s 


ff, 


n n s a 


^ S !i ll 










r 


i 


1 1 1 1 


i 1 1 i 

Z * !! si 


s 


^ a i i 


-1 


gE s e a 


B 5 S S 


«i 1 i 1 


1 1 f ■ 1 


a!* 


4i i ^ § 


2 ^ i i 


. 


gS 5 S K 


S g fe s 








"17 


jS 3 S S 


S S !! S 


>■ 


k^ 


If 1 t 1 


1111 






jS s s s 


s s is s 




!»«?? + ? 






+ + + -H 


■P' 


e'SS SS SS 39 


SS SS as 23 


"41 « T1 f* 


1? ?t r; n 


Si 


«.- 


pjL-. 


3 


-n 


s| 


»>-, 


S 


o. s ,^ 


9 




? 




S 


m 


J" 


e St 


S 




? 


^§. 


3 


P.ab 




P. 


i 


P. 


I 












4-+ 




1 1 1 


1 






++ 


-r 


u 




§1 1 ai 1 li 1 U 


i 


°--SA 


es £ H s 


a s s s 


it.l 


^i ^ i g 


S § i 3 


1^1 


|s s i i 


s s s a 


J 1 

1 


^ " " 










! 


g g 3 15 


s a s 8 


t 


K a a a 


a a > a 










H H H H 


hi Iri ti li 


, 


i : i i 

> : : : 


i i 










2i ; s s 


^ » « i 


n 


=3 1 a a 






»l s 3 3 


? .* ri "? 










i 






h 




H 










x 




f 





APPENDIX Z Z ^RKPOBT OF MISSOURI RIVEB COMMISSION. 4029 



Pi 



^ 



9i 



m 



s 






s 

• 

<6 



s 



o 

• 4 



§ 



3 






*o 



Si 



s 



3 



o 



s 

9 

O 



s 



ta 

00 



3 



o 
l-l 

1 



m 



« 



^ 



Q 



to 

o 



•A 





1- 


•1 




y 


o 

00 


i-H 


^^ 



^ 



So 

3 



s 



3 



9 



lA 



00 

o 



o 



s 



s 

• 



s 



o o oc> 

It 



r-e- 

++ 



+ 



coco 



s 



8 

+ 



s 

+ 



t1 



ss 

do 

+ 1 



s 






+ 



c**^ 



T\ 



enn 

11 



s 



d 

+ 





ss 




com 




%1 %1 


s 


00 t- 




•Hm 


% 


1 


691. 
691. 




113. 
098. 


3 


eo 

7 


leo«r 
I 1 1 


7 


—61) 
-60 


1 



CO 



« 


o 


o 


o 


® 


to 




s 


s 


^ 


s 


3 


^ 




«H 


• 

v4 


ci 


■ 


^ 


d 




1 


1 


1 


I 


1 


1 





s 



1 + 



§3 



s 



o 
eo 



oo 
do 

1 + 



s 
^ 



cot- 
I od 



eoco cc I 



I I 



CO 

o 



o 
eo 



mo 
o o 

• « 

oo 

I + 



IS 



I 



ifi 






eo 

o 



o 



1 


1 


1 


1 


8 


o 


• 


• 
•-4 


• 


• 

t-' 


4- 


+ 


•f 


+ 



in 
2 



tfi in 
c o 

• • 

11 



O»00 

I-' t'^ 
t- t- 

I i 



00 



Jsl I ii^ I i^ I 



cS i S5 



* * 9 * ' 5 * * S 









u > 






CI 



c4 

3 



S 



3 



to 

CO 

3 



§ 



CO 


a» 




oo 


d 


• 


lo 


CI 


eo 


ift 




e^ 



t- 

s^ 



00 



O 



c« 



CO 
rH 

o» 

ci 

to 

eo 



CI 

CI 



• • 9 



eo 

ci 
eo 



CI 
Cl 






m 

H 



i 






o 



o 






^1 


C4 


a 


1^ 


• 


« 


• 


H 



I- 

Cl 



m 



a 
ri 
^ 



i 
II 



6*^ 



a 



§ 



5 

C8<-s 



S 

« 



o 

Jl 



J5 


-« 


CI 




• 


p; p 







'SI 



O 
es 



o 



00 



o 

e« 



4030 EEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF EH0ISEEK6, V. 8. ABUT. 







3 


Bh 












»i 














^J 








ii. 


^ i 




§ 




■ 










a 


ii 




1 














f . 






i 












3, 


1 ? 






d 


i 










Si 




















^ 


S g § i S i 5 s 


i 




.^ 


'J^tt^sri^i 










M 


P 


i 


i i 1 i 1 1 i i 


v 


" 


i 


ilri^sS^iis 


s 


^B 


^xasgssi^s 


1 


^i 


^i ^ 1 i 1 ^ 1 1 








I^^^^^^^S 


1 


,. 


ESESgasas 


•& 




s . 


gS s s s e-s s,.8 


> 


1= 


^7 1 t t 1 1 f 1 


1 


1^ 






h i t i i i i t 








■s 


2 




iUS ss sn ss ss ss as £S 




& 




l« i1 t1 " 1.1 It 11 «- 




Si 




ffi 


CP. 


"II 


-.o 


s 


^^ 


S 


.>« 


s 




S| 




s 


.r. 


8 


a. 


m 


If! 


2 


SK 


E 


Sg 


g 


98 


s 


sS 


S 


ES 


^.1 


?3 


5 


;l« 


g 


4 


5 = 




V. 


l| 


w 


+■ 




' 




+ 




'1 


- + 


+ 


t1 


7 


« 


li 


^i 1 £1 1 ^i 1 ai 1 ^i 1 ^i 1 si 1 ^i 1 


S 


a lis 


iSlssSSEI 


S 


1^3 > 


H i i t i i i i 


1 


%-A 

S 5 


S» s « - - i B 6 


* 


■ 












s 


1 














1 


6 E g E E E S i 






aaaaaaxia 


iS 








P 


HtJHHHHHEi 




jj 


:*•::: 








3 E d = 1 d d 








S 


















! 




a 




a 




4 





APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4031 



1^ 



^ 



H»* 



[^ 



3 



U 



16 



CI 



8 



3 



S 



Q 



2 

rs 

3 



CO 



lO 



lO 



s 


s 


§ 


i 


e4 


d 


lO 


lO 



e4 

•A 



n 



lA 



qi 



CI 

c< 









?i 



m 



00 

o 



lA 



CO 



m 



;3 
I 



I 






o 



o 

I 



o 



o 

I 



C 



'» 


f. 


§ 


9 


s 


& 


s 


ss 


n 


O 








• 




• 


• 


■ 


• 




o 


o 


o 


o 


o 


^ 


o 


o 


O 


o 



I I 



^1' 



9 
I 



o»co 



8 

+ 



ta<o 



ii 



R CO 



ss 



CO 



00 «D 

^^ 
cici 

++ 



ci 

+ 



04' 



!f 



8 



; cf cf 

I I 






I- ts 
I- I- 



CO r. 
i.*^ I- 
o . 



^ !! 



I? 
m 

I- 



■ -^ ri 
■r. 'C- 

|- --f- 



+ il I I 






;• -f -»• 

i. '^'^ 
■ "t--f- 



s 


iO 


o 


^ 


s 


S 


S 


3 


•-• 


§ 


7 


• 

1 


1 


m 

1 


iH 

1 


■ 

o 
4- 


1-1 


o 
+ 


1 
15 -0. 

i 


• 

o 


s 


1- 


s 


s 


s 


S 


S!^ 


»r> 


8 


e4 

+ 


• 

+ 


* 


• 

+ 


+ 


• 

1 


• 

1 


i 


c5 
4- 


o 


ss 


ss 


ss 


ss 


OO 


S3 


55 !5 


n eo 


o o 

OCI 


t— 1 1-^ 


It 


• • 

1% 


+ 1 


1$ 


It 


• • 


n 


• 

-^1 


c o 

+ 1 


1 + 



1 '^Iz 

■■ ri ?i 

■ < - •- 

■ I T- — - 

I I 
II 



in 

'] '• 

CI ! 

. I 

'^ I 
■t- I 






si 









a * S * S 



lA 



00 

e» 






8 



3 



CI 

00 



3 



s 



u > 



00 

8 

C9 



6 

151 






t« -r 



a 

S3 



• • M 












o 
o 

CI 



o 

CO 



CI 

3 



I"; 

CI 

o 
eo 






I- 
eo 



c« 

CO 



ci 
o 



o 

CO 



• 



^9 



(4 









S 



o 






13 



■ 



CI 

r- 
d 

"A 



P 



P 

■ 



I- 
ca 



P 



P 

H 



o 
I- 

CI 



o 



o 

Cl 



P 



CI 

P 
H 



^3 



C 3 

S^5 



CI 



1^ 
P 
P 



Pi 
« 

O 



^-^"^m 



4032 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF EN6IXBERB, U. 8. ARHT. 







g 


^ 












^; 




b 




b. 
















t^ 








^» 


i 






















I 












f^= 




































-■■ 




































i ' SH 




































J J llj 








































































(V i 


8 




K 


s 


§ 




n 




3 


% 


9 


i 




s 




t 


^ 


s 




E 




B 


s 


s 


I 


f i 


i 




1 


■ 1 


i 








3 


s 
E 


s 
8 




s 




S 


E 


a 




3 




^ 


s 


s 


n 


rS 




s 


a 


s 




a 




S 


s 


a 


} 


^i 




s 


s 


= 




a 




i 


s 


=, 


























« 




^s 




a 


2 


3 




3 






s 




^ 




53 




ft 


S 


n 




S 




5 


s 


s 


1 
























s "" 


c! 




ii 


r-S 




t$ 


3 


s 




R 




3 




s 


1 


> 




^'i; 




+ 


+ 


+ 










% 


i 


d3 




s 


S 


s 




12 




3 


s 


a 


s 












1 


1 


1 




1 




1 


1 


■f 


s 


2 


=>: 


s 




ss 


8S 


ss 




S3 




5S 


ss 


S2 






SJ= = 












^=r 








tJ- 
























i 




^-, 


3 




s 


,nm 


^ 


n.™ 


s 


"- 


8 


,- 


p 


.0 


s 


m.r, 


5 


p 


1^1 


«! 


! 


■"^.^^ 




ii 
•ft 


? 


S5 


3 


S3i4 


?i 


13 


^. 


j« 


1 


!i 


f 


•s 




+ T 




++ 


+ 


^ 


++ 








■I- + 












s 


u 


si 


1 
3 


si 


Isl 


lal 


1 


il 


1 


3I 


Isi 


Isll 


f 


',.-,-; 


ri 




s 


S 


§ 




s 




3 


s 


2 


■? 


iHl 


^S 


~ 


- 








8 




i 




S 


s 


1 


t 


Isl 


S= 


a 




3 






s 


C 


J 1 


^ 




■" 
















" 


i 






















i 
































s 


1 


f. 




s 


R 


g 




s 




^ 


§ 


g 




E 






















a 


s 


3 








;s 






n 






ri 


a 




H 




H 


H 


t- 




^ 






H 


tJ 




1 






















j 




1 


S 




s 


s 


si 




3 




^ 


;; 


g 




3 


S 






::; 


K 










a 


»l 










e 


(3 






^ 




a 




ril 








i 






t- 






ti 




f 




t 










t 






e 


i 





APPENDIX Z Z REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4033 



CI 



I 



00 

3 



00 



•ft 



8 



I 

6 



8 



3 



lA 



S 



Si 



s 






CO 

o 

S8 



iO 



to 



C9 



s 



•A 



eo 



lA 



O 
I- 



s 



CO 



n 



m 



CO 



3 



o 

o 



CO 



o 



o 



o' 



o 









I'- 

o 



00 
o 



1 



do 

1 + 



d 



CO 



ss 



s 



o 



s 


3 


8 




?. 


■ 

o 

-L. 


d 
+ 


o 

+ 


fH 


+ 



s 




o 

CI 


1 


1 


7 


33 

do' 

1 + 


33 

1 + 


33 

do 

+ 1 



Ci 

o 



CM 



» 



CO 

o 



in 



+ 



m 



CO 

d 

s 

»H 

+ 



o 

CI 



o 



o 

CO 



2 



I- 

co 
■r 



o 
i- 

co 

I 



Ain 
oo 

• • 



lAiO 

oo 

t1 



op 

MCI 

■ • 

oo 

+ 1 



c o 
CO rj 

• 

po 



oo 

CIC« 

1 + 



OCD 


ta 
I- 


oo 


s 


CO 00 


s 


wr- 


5 


iHCD 


S 


>*»A 




s 


lOO 


O 


t- en 


s 


ooo 


o 

CI 


ii 


i 


** 


i 




g 


ii 


1 


f-lfH 




dd 
CI CI 


O ! CICI 


CI 

7 


•t't 




t- 00 


5? 
o 


11 


1 


+ + 


+ 


w4 w^ 


^4 


efei 






•H 


1 i 


1 


1-1 pH 




1 1 


1 


++ 


+ 


f-H — T 


»-^ 


1 






++ 


+ 


++ 


+ 


1 1 


1 






1 1 


1 










1 1 


1 






■ I 


• 


• •• 


• 


• • 


• 


• • 


■ 


I ■ 


■ 


• • 


• 


■ t 


t 


■ • 


■ 


1 • 


• 


• ■ 


• 



Ji% 



a:^ » 



ft 
pa; ^ 



(5» S 



(4 

s 



^ 



pS ^ 






so 

@ 

n 



s 



CO 



3 



§ 



i ^ 



3 



3 






3 



CO 



CO 






d 

33 



a 






CI 

to 

00 



CO 



CO 



t- ► 



is 



CO 



o 

CI 






eo 



Cl 
CI 



o 

CO 



00 

00 



f4 



is* 









e 






n 
X!ra93 2S3 






CI 

(A 



i 


C« 

o 

CI 


;:^ 


r^ 


CQ 


n 


• 


• 



o 

CI 

p 



o 

CI 

p 



• 
• 


• 
• 


■ 

■ 


t 

M 


• 
• 


• 
• 


t 

■ 


• 


• 


CI 

CO 

f-H 


CO 

hi 

o 


• 

iH 
O 
CI 


• 


t 

o 

CI 


^ 


>i 




> 

o 


• 

IS 


1^ 


• 


ri 


m 


n 


cs 


n 


P 


n 


e4 


IJ 


Pi 

« 


« 


H 


H 


e^ 



4034 EEPOKT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEEB8, U. 8. ABMT. 



i t 



n n i1 " -^-^ 


'r: 7-i 


" 




..Is'., 


■^'i— 


!"._!;■ -- 


. '■" -,»= 




s| 


« s ii 


! ij 


l'|SS : 


. i'i 


i'm 


i\ 


tibs 




'iltll 


jIltjiIL 


Till 


1 



6"E 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPOBT OP MISSOURI UIVER COMMISSION. 4()35 



Cm 



Pm 



n 



5J 



s 



00 



^ 



8 

CO 









8 

I- 



I- 

t-O 

I- 



00 



94 
is 

s 



s 



CO 



s 



O 



lA 



1.0 

CI 



;s 



?, 



3 

I 



o 

I 



o 

I 



■a 

iH 

e4 

I 



T 



to 

O 
I 



CO 

o 



00 

o 



00 



CO 

o 



iO 



I 



o 



s 



? f 



S3 

o 



s 




04 


5 


iS 


s 


■ 


• 


-r 




+ 


+ 


<0 

+ 





o 

CI 






o 

CI 

I 



CO 

o 






lO 
'JO 

(d 



CO 

o 



•o 

CI 

o 



i-O 

o 



lO 

00 



o 



°r 






S3 



cf?a 



?!!«. 



« < 






oo 



1 + 



i 



1+ + 



•AiA 



+ 



"*« 



I I 



I 



eoo 



in If 



+ -i- 



cSr"^ 






1° 



OO 

CO rs 



2 11 lOX 

■ ■ • • 

T Tl — < 

o ■■ o o 
o :: -r -T 

4' ■ iftio' 



o 
-r 



o o 




1 i- 




TOfl^ 


o 

I.O 


■ • 

->■ J. 


• 

* 


i^-'r- 


1- 



1.-. o 

o o 



"-! 



o o 



' X 3d 



I- ^ "H 



o o 





oo 






;- 


o 


' 




31 


CO 


CI 










1~ 


1^ 


^^ 




'^ 




^^» 




X 




Z) 


• 


* 


^ 


1-^ 


re 


ro 


-;- 


+ 


4- 



lO lO 



..o 
71 

c. 



CO 

T 



* - 



:ici 






I I 



• • •« 



»< > 



e 

el 



h s> 



s 



■ • 



%.► s 









• • •— ■ * • 

»-it-( 






:1 






3 



M 



CO 

eo 
eo 



S3 



6 



^ 






CO 



I- 

• 

o 

00 

eo 



O 



O 
I" 
I- 

o 

00 
CO 



Ob 



I- 
n 
I- 

o 
oo 



00 



Tl 

CO 

eo 



00 



CO 

o 
«-^ 

00 



oo 



::3 

m 












04 






o 

lO 
CI 






o 
o 

C-l 






CI 



o 

lO 
CI 



nr 









s 

o 
« 



CI 






lO 
C4 



o 

CI 



• 



oo 

CI 



« 



r- 



^. .- 



S-ts 



CI 

c 



« 



CI 



4036 BEPOKT OP THE CHIEF OF ENOINBEBS, U. 8. ABMT. 

























































'i 


t 






3 
1 










Hi 












3 












1 












4 












!l 


























ii 


S 


§ 




S £ 




S g 3 




-3q 

Is 




5 


i 




5 3 




i s s 




1 


1 


i 

E3 




1 1 




f 1 1 






SI 


3 


i; 




= i 




i S s 




n 


p-K; 


s 




3 3 




s s s 




a<: 


7 




a d 




- 7 1 




«■" 




d 




3 3 


3 5 5 




■* 


^3 


3 




K s 








■*■= 


* 




n o 








!■ 


r^ 


8 




S 3 




1 s s 




t- 


i^ 




? 




+ - 




; t t 




5 ■ 


.-r 


S 




s s 




i S s 






k^ 


^1 


T 




1 1 




. i 1 




2-1; 


eS3 ss 




ss ss 




SS 3i3 SS 






^= 


" T= 




ti 1-; 




»1 It i7 




^ 




_ s|.. 


S 


1,, 


« 


r,^ 


3 




s 




s 


,. 


°ll 


If 


^1 


S S|?l 


a 


ss 


5 


3S 


3 


^s 


S 


35 


f. 


S3 


? 






























° 


1 1 1 +'+ 












++ 


+ 




1 


1 ' 


1 


. 


1 


£ 


ilsi 


1 


si 1 Si 


i 


^1 1 al 1 ik 


1 


1.1^ 


P^ 


i 




3 1 




1 S S 




5 


= £. 


^j 


s 




S i 




i i i 




s 


^i 


E3 


2 




i e 




' E s 




l"l 


^- 


'■ 




^ 








1 
















■s 


3 


s 




s s 




5 S 3 




1 


? 


3 




a a 




a » a 








ri 




d d 




a « M 






f- 


H 




H ti 




>; H" H 




1 


3 


S 




i i 

:- 




i 1 ! 

! 3 3 






5 


li 
P 




^ ? 




5 si Pi 





:KI>IX Z Z — BEPOBT OF MI8S0UBI BIVEB COMMISSION. 4037 



1 


1 


g 


i 


i 


1 


1 


3 


i 


5 




s 


d 


.<j 


^ 


« 


S 


d 


S 


s 


s 


a 


s 


s 


8 


P 


s 


7 


i 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


T 


1 




















s 


ri 


d 


rf 


ri 


d 


d 


= 


s 


n 


s 


8 




s 


s 


8 


e; 


g 


d 








d 


ei 


d 


a 


=i 


S 


8 


& 




a 


e 


a 


s 


5 






































& 


s 


& 




a 


e 


B 


n 


B 


1 


1 


7 




1 


1 


T 


1 


1 





t1 




tt 




d(i 




eie! 




1? 




M 




^s- 




*1 i1 


.i„ 


a 


J 


3 


-m 


S 


0-. 


s 




p 


.. 


s 


«« 


s 




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4038 REPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF EXQINEERS, IT. B. ASHY. 





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APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOIUI HIVKU COMMISSION. 4039 



P=4 






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KEPOBT 


OF THE 


CHIEl!' 


OF 


ENGINEESE 


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u. 


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PENDIX Z Z — ^BEFOBT OF MISSOUBI BITER COMMISSION. 4041 



1 

9 


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- 55 a 






4042 EEPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ABUT. 















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APPENDIX Z Z ^REPOET OF MISSOUKI KIVKR COMMISSION. 4043 






P^ 




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4044 KEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OP ENQINEGBS, U. 8. ABHT. 







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APPENDIX Z Z — BEPOBT OF MISSOURI RIYEB COMMISSION. 4045 




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APPENDIX Z Z REPORT OF MISSOURI IIIVEU COMMISSION. 40-17 



P>4 



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5 A 



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4048 REPOUT OF THE CHIEF OF EMQINEEK8, a S. AKHY. 





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APPENDIX ZZ BEPOBT OF MI880UH1 EIVEB COMMISSIOS. 404D 



; 


8 






















1 






















5"! 






















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4050 KEPOET OP THE CHIEF OF BN0INBEB8, U. 8. ABMT. 







s 








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APPENDIX Z Z — REPOET OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4051 



Ph 






00 

to 






s 



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r- 



m 



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g- 



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4052 EEPORT OF THE CHIEF OP ESQISEEB8, U. S. ABHT. 





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1 1 1 


3 


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1 1 1 












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s :i 3 £ 


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is 


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t- 


h 


+ * + + + + + 






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ii 


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it; 




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kt 




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s 


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APPENDIX ZZ — ^REPORT OF MIKSOIJKI RIVEB COHHISSION. 4053 



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B.SI 


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'^1 I II I ^1 I gi I SI I si 



5a 






4054 BEPORT OF THE CHIEF OP ENGINEEES, U. 8. ABHY. 





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n 


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% 


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e 


8 3 






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t* 








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APPENDIX Z Z REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4055 



1 

1 

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4056 BBPOBT OF THE CHIBF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 





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APPENDIX Z Z REPORT OF MISSOUKI RIVER COMMISSION. 4057 



^ 



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405S REFOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEEBS, U. 8. ABUT. 



4 


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APPENDIX Z Z — ^BEPOST OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4059 







3 

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m 

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1 


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+ 


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1 


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A« 8 ii; 



3 



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4060 BBPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENOINEEB8, U. S. ABMT. 



%1 

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±1 



_!+_ 
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I sa I ll a 



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a nS 






APFENmX Z Z ^REPOBT OF MISSOURI EIVER COMMISSION. 4061 



^ 



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d 


ti 


ri 




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ti 


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N 




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APPENDIX Z Z BEPOBT OF MISSOURI HIVEB COMMISSION. 40G3 



P4 



?« 



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3 



i-i 

• 

1 



s 

m 






CI 

CO 



CI 



I 









o 

s 



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si 



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it 






o 

o 



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s 


s 


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3 


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@ 


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CI 


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^ 


^ 


^ 


• 


• 


■ 


• 


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1^ 


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1 


I 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 

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1 


1 




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tH 


iH 


iH 


iH 


t^ 


d 


a 


• 

CO 


c<5 


3 




• 

PS 


• 

n 


• 

CO 


s 


s 


lO 


3 


S 




& 


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5 


p 


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O 


d 


d 


o 


o 


o 


s 


s 




3 


s 


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o 
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s 


S 


rs 


■ 

•-• 


• 

n 

fH 


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• 

CO 


• 


• 


ci 


• 
CI 

i-H 


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-4- 


+ 


+ 


+ 


+ 


+ 

O 


o 


-t- 


s 


s 




3 


s 


S 




ci 


«f 


^ 


• 


• 
CO 


• 


• 

C4 


• 

CI 


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vH 


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r^ 


fH 


rH 


r^ 


r-t 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 



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1+ 



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s 



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4064 REPOET OP 



r:<^IEP OF ENOINEERS, U. S. ARUT. 





s 
































b 










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MS 












































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a 


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.'6.'. 

Al'PENDIX Z Z KEPORT OF MISSOUUI KIVKR COMMISSION. 4065 




r- 
o 

o 



CO 

o 



o 



1 



CI 
I - 



o 



« 



I- 

m 

I- 

00 



I— 

C4 



« 



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00 



CI 



g? 



o 

CI 

CO 



CO 
C4 



CO 



? 
O 

•* 

^i 



o 

CI 

o 
e<4 



s 



o 

CI 



s 


t- 


CI 

00 


e 




^ 


^ 


• 

-* 


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rH 


r« 


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1 


1 


1 


1 



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CO 



m 

CO 



CO 
CO 






eo 

■ 

CO 



CO 

c? 



r- 



co 

^■3 



» 



CO 



o 

1-4 

I 

CO 

CO 



o 



CO 



CO 
CI 



^ 



CO 

o 



CI 



o 



o 



O 



ro 

St 



CO 



Ci 



J 

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o 

00 

■ 

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+ 



CO 

I— 1 

I 



+ 



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o 
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+ 



s 



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00 



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I 1 



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r-tr-l 
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1-1 

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s 




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1 


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+ + 


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I 



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3 



5 






Si ^ ^ GP4 3 G?^ 3 Cr^ 






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o 






s 

r-l 



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4066 EEPOBT OP THE CHIEF OF ENOINEEBS, U. K ABHV. 







J 


■* 


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a i 


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i 


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r^ 


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1 


g 


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APPENDIX Z Z REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4067 



a5 



S8 



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8 



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s 






^ 



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I 



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o 






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+ 1 









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rt 



R-i: s ill wis ®.s» 4».ac> 4*^:5 ©.s© o.Si) i-.Si) 



s 



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90 



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4068 fiEPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEEaS, U. 6. ARMY. 





3 


►, 




1 










(4 b 


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1 










1 


1 


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sl 




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s 


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1 1 1 


i 1 


1 


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6 i 




a 


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si 


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s 


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1. = 1 


7 




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1= = = 


S 5 


^ 


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ea = a 


3 5 


ti 


3 S 














g . 


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s 


3 S 






*? ? :?- 








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fi 


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l-i 1 i 


1 1 


1 


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in 


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a|l.„ 


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m 


m 


5t;8B 


^ 


sa 


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5 s hf 


i 


i=: iH? f 




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1 ill 




++ +11 II 




1 


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liilMl 


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i 


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H 


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^ 


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s 


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a 


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s 


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n 


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s 




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APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4069 



P4 



^ 



CM 



»a 



1 + 



»■: 






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So 



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e 1 -i 

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s 



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n 









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in 



s 

I 






n 



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o 



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d 



d 



S 



T 



8 

o 

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I 



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1 



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+ 1 



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■ ■ 

11 



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s 



I 



t*co 

si 

n 



s 



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mm 
coco 

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++ 






+ 



on 

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s 



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mm 

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CO 

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c 
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m 



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a 



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ci 

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m 

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d 



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+ 


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a 


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T 


1 1 



c 



s 



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m 



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cc 



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s 



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4 



4070 BEPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENQINEEES, U. S. ARMY. 



n 











S H 


H 






s s 


S 


8 












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5 


3 








«< 




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1 







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s 'It- 


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I is' 



ss I aH sj I gl I il I 



a i 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER (COMMISSION. 4071 



u 




f2 




t-4 
3 




% 




g 




«0 C4 




% 




00 




00 
o 
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4072 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ABMT. 







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4074 KEPORT OF THE CHIEF OP EKGINEERg, U. 8. ARSIY. 





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4076 REPOET OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 



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APPENDIX Z Z ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4U77 



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4078 HEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ABUT. 





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APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4079 



ad 

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APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4081 




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APPESDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COSIMISSION. 4083 







§ 
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Al'i ENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOUIU lilVER COMMISSION. 4()85 



^ 
S 






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4086 KEPOET OF 


THE 


CHIEF OF 


ESOINEBEtS, 


D. 8 


. AEMY. 








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APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4087 



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4088 BBtOBT OF THE CUJEF O^ ENOINEEttS, tJ. S. laXft. 





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il>I>Ein>tX 7, 2— REPOBT OP MIRSOUKl KIVKK COMMISSION. 408& 



reftir to St. Loiito city lUreo- 
Bvel, as (tetemiiaed Irom tbe 
Inns laaAu hy Musonri RiTsr 

o be prnciiiially perma- 

A peniiuietit « nb- 



Al] elrVktlouH Jira glvBii iti liath nx'teis nnit fr< 
tHi lu leru. 'I'Iih cluviil.inn of this abiiTo Biliix 
MiMii>ai|>pi Hirer CumiulH»mn P. B. M. 1^, aud c 
Conunxxioii in 188T, ix 41l'.7.tl feet. 

A "P. B. M." Ib n prcciRC lovel bench mark that la sntb 

A "T- U. M." IB a preoim lavel b«ich murk, genentUy of not mi 
tiir>M*F. B. M. 

All P. U. M.'h. exvrpting 32G, which lit top nf an unihiir bolt, 231, the point of m 
Krrow lM<iMlr ma 12, a oriuM on vortk>l fife of a ruck arc— 

(I) Top of coppci bolt M-'t in the retcQlution "B.M."Htonc)18"xl8"x4" thick, S} 
hwl under i;ri>niui. oviT jiiirl ruiiri'iitric Hil.li which ja set un Iron pipe, 4 feet long. 
|,r<>-, i-i- [ ~ hi oiitur dinuit^toT nud cup ill top, 

t.-ri.iiL. : i.riiuB.P, B.M.:or, 

■ -■ I ] ';i.>")ury of (Iruoturon. or of natnrn] 

1.^1 i.iri " ^< ' iiii'ii iiorizuiilally lutu the niiiecinry of 

■tnictiirvB, or ul niilui.-it ].'<1<^i'h iilimii <Hii.'-i'i<;lith Inrih ilMi|H!r tbuii Ibo surfnoe of 

lu raiBu 1, the lop surfnredf llat «tnn» ie mnTh^d "B, H."aDd the cup sunnount- 
m muuMeil wiib Iho iiiscrlpliOD, "Missouri Rlvei Commiasiou.^' 



lllg pllHl 

111 ciufca It »iid 3, lill »et diirlug the 
rock of aiae Mui i1(-ptb 



■ n. t 



. P. J 



ive the letters Q catliiloth« 

P. B. M. 
be i«nilily seen and to Inst mnny yi-ara. 
gcTiernlly the highest point of urnimiled surbce inside of i 
on D side, cnt into the eitrfnor of the rock, ofteu, liut uo 
." « tiip of a wit* uptke driven to surface into a. stump o 



•Ml of )iii( a t"vi valnftlile trei)«, all ( 

< liH root iiiT-o wlib'h tbu splice Isdrivei 
fly over the root, in the furra of u sq 



ving T. B. M.'H bftse a 
id are lilnzed at a puiul 
B about 10 iuoboB on a 



•■'(■mbflT 




KlvrBitun. 


Ueten. 


Feet, 


W L-oL. nty III 


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aat fcBI 

< I.TlbUH 


a.iioon 


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...„. 


IBTS 








.„ 


11 m 


!1 


:ilW fMl »atb of "iha iuirth«rTi"lerni7Diu "or ' 
Mm* aa trwk .od IM f«t bmI of th« wm 
■nira, bKlng |4>I> orovpper bolt in bIoimi pint. 


bo DBili^n 


6- ma 


IT HO 







4090 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 
Descriptions and elevafians of precUe level bench marks, etc, — Continued. 



Number. 



P. H. ia.. 1.. ....... 



P. B.M.2=l 



Deecription. 



Top of <;ap 

T.B.M.l 



jT • ii» m .«>•••....••• 



X. B« Alt 2 •........; 



Xa If* 3la U. ......I 



\L. D> m, A ......... 



P. B. M. 4=-i 



Topof c*p 

T.B. M.r> 



r. B.M.5.... 



T.B.M.6=r01dB. i 
B. M. 7. j 

JanieHtowu Land* 
iiig. ! 

P. B. M.. 6.. ...... . 



J: • 15 • dl> /••........ 



Tot. of Cnp 



loTi oi i.np — 



P. B. M.8-01UB. 
M.8on887. 



P. B.M.9=:}. 



Top of Cup. 



Is same as P. B. M. 12, of MissiRsippi Kiver CoromiMiofii, 
miles above th« St. Loui<t ■wntt'r-worlie, ^ mile from the 
river, on laud of Mt«. SopIii:< B*'in<!, 65 U-nt went of the 
Columbia Bottom Road, on side of blulf, lir* fcot south of 

?)lum on^hard and 42 fet^t wont fnmi a lone walnut tree 23 
Dches in diameter; being top of coi>per bolt in stone i>ost 
set in groand. 

Is al»out \\ miles below the upper end of Columbia Bottom, 
at point where Columbia Bottfun n>ad, np-"-n:; alone the 
foot of the bluH', turns east acnusH the boi:<>ni opposite 
rock quarry, at east rond fence, 5r> fi^et south ^f the cor- 
ner ; being top of copper bolt in a B. M. ntonc. 

OverP. B. M, 2 

Is 65 feet west of P. B. M. S, at the northeast comer of 
angle in Columbia Bottom road; being top of spike in west 
rootof 20-inoh honey locust. 

Is at upper extremity of Colnmbia Bottom, at foot of bluff, 
40 feet from river liank, 60 feet alnive rail feuee over bluff, 
at east end of Henry Weisley's orr.hard. 5 feet south of 
wire fence 4 feet above elevation of bottom land, in 
exposed ledce of rock : being center of punch mark in cop- 
per lM>lt leaded bDrizontally. 

Is about 95 feet west of P. B. M. 3, 240 f<;et below west end 
of Hcnrv Weisley's orehanl, on i»rojectioii of natural 
Icdgo. 2 i*eet from end and 4 feet northwest of a blazc<l ash 
24 inches in diameter. 

Is \ mile alN)VO the extreme upper point of Columbia Bot- 
tom, opposite head of island, 377 rH«t below small creek, 
1,965 feet Inflow Wm. Lindeman'slioiise. 75 feet fn»m river 
bank ; being top of spike in root of black oak snag. 

Is about § mflo below mouth of (.-old Water Creek on same 
tn»e as old B. M. 6 (now gone), 1.195 feet above Wm. Lindn- 
mau'H house, 130 feet above rail fence, iu open wikmIr, 35 
feet from river bank ; lieinK top of spike in 2-foot re<loak. 

Is at foot of bluff near site of Fort Bellefontainc; being top 
of copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OverP. B. M.4 , 

Is in same loo^ility at P. B. M. 4. 25 feet east of east bank of 
Cold Water Creek and 35 feet from bank of river; iK'ing 
top of spike in base of a 15-inch white oak. 

Is about ^ mile below St. Louis. Keokuk and Northwestern 
Rwy bridge, 2.295 feet alwve mouth of Cold Water Creek, 
in large recess in rock bluff in which there i.<« a small 
sprint; flowing out of a circalar hole in riK^k 1 foot iu 
diamet«r at an elevation of mean stage of river; it is in a 
vertical cliff, about 20 feet below toj) of exposed face, and 
10 feet above hiL'h water; being center of punch mark in 
copper bolt leaded horizontally. 

Is at J amc9t4>wn Landing, on east side of ravine, at top of 
river bank ; beiui^ t4)p of spike in noriheast root of cotton- 
wood 2\ feet in diameter. 

Is at Jamestown Landing, 1,605 feet above St. Louis, Keo- 
kuk and Norihwestern Kwy. bridge, 118 feet al)ove the 
mouth of small creek which runs alon^ the we.nt side of 
Widow Zehe'n nlace, in small re<reHH in bluff bank, 75 feet 
below ]>oint, where rail fence intersects the river bank, 
10 feet below top of bank, directly under a 10-inch hack- 
berry, 15 feet above low water and 3 feet west of large 
detached rock, l)eing center of minch mark in copper bolt 
leaded horizontally into natural Icdj^e. 

1m 2,210 feet alwve Jamestown I>anding. at upper edge of 
oak gnive, 900 feet above Wm. ^^^littaker's house stand- 
ing on bluff, 20 feet from top of high water bank and one 
foot cast of wire fence: being top of copi>er bolt In B. M. 
stone. 

OverP. B. M.7 

Is in same locality as P. B. M. 7, and but a few feet distant 
iron) same, on top of bank; being top of spike in south 
mot of 24 foot black hickory. 

Is 2.785 feel ulH>ve Jamestowh Tending. 500 feet below foot 
of island tow-head, .575 feet above fence at the upiwr side 
of woods at which is loc4it«d P. B. M. 7. in north ex}M>sure 
of hanl liraeHtonc ledge : being horizontal furrow in 
copper bolt. 

Is about 2 miles al>ovc Jamestown Landing, on land owned 
by Wm. Berger, at foot of blutl. 5i»0 fe<-t from river, 75 
feet west of small stream ; being top of copper bolt in B. 
M. stone. 

OrerP. B. M.9 



Elevation. 



Meters. I\ 



13.3739 



3.7983 



5.0377 
4.2222 



4.9963 1 



4.7861 



8.8640 ; t 



6.2043 



4.9991 i 

6. 2,'t77 
5.7462 ; 



I 



5.1787 



5.4838 



*<• Joxv 



6.9695 



7.2034 
6.0904 



1.3833 



8.8881 



9.6289 



JlppEimnc z z — icKi-oin or missouki rivkk commission. 

Daeriplivn* and rJrriaHiiiii of preeUr lav.t tench warkt, e(o. — Continued. 



■ti .„.,., ■■-■■■ ■-'"■■ 

.-.- Otw !■, it, M.ll 

P< lal.MtrHl.bolowUDiilrt'd'i'rn.atiMMiilileofiVMlundi 

OT- VTUluinGlni nwk. OO feat Maw ilia laHor uitl ••! Rbm 

' ^Tiarry, 4 fTfp/^ nbrvro cmauil; hnliic ■ ctohb vut O' 

vi'rlli-l f.nBof rn.'k "I lUa ■■nil' Bluvatioil U «lll MDH 

.■.I l*tora IMl, 



*ii!d'lX° 



,^1l-i"!} 






fit::;-::: 
■ *- 1« J 

~.rJ,.„,., 

X::- - 

»«. i; 

»«.it 

fVs, 



. . ..pper tirtll IfnrtM hoiitnnl 



■!■ rimninjr to river. iS>0 Iw-l frnm 
I i<n<l up ajil* or blnffi bpltig top 



' 'I .'1m, 
Klof L. C. Kni 



Ki 



lA yard » P. B. M. 1« oi 



frum 11, 3<ir«etauuUiofti. C. Knupii'aliunM, G ftatmnt 
trm> Oir, anal tmai; belDg aplku in tin w»t mat or 18- 

a Ij ,1 il ■ .^ ,,-,..,-(.;— ^^. ■ .^._., .J, c barton n lor PoiDt, 
mil! -■,.!.■. . I . ^.--a houso, H!H f«i 

|.,!' > . belug apiko In th. 

■1 :■} iTi froot of GwiTfta 

I ' 'ii,' raad,Mf(»(iiurai 



m 

c 



A «6 ttwt fruiD Ihi 



!.r"PB.M.lS; hringaplkol 



8. ITSg I M. 83t 



ii,iu:;d 41. Ul 



4092 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGIKEERS, U. 8. ARMY. 
Descriptions and elevations of precise level henoh murks, etc. — Coutinued. 



Number. 



P.B.M.20=oldB. 
M.17. 



Description. 



jL. TS. AI. 22 .■>••••• 



T. H. M. 23. 
St. Charles. 



T. B.M.24:^gaTiKO 

1>. in. 



U.S. gaage... 
P.B.M.21=|. 



Top of cap 

T. B, M. 25 = City 
B. M. St. Charlett. 



City datam, St. 
Cliorlea. 

T. B. M. 26 =r Old 
B.M.78ofl879. 



T.aM.27 

JL. B. j£. 28. ...... 



T.B.M.20 



T. B.M.30 



T. B. M.32 



P.B. M.22^?. 



Ton of cap 

T. B. M. 33.. .. . . 

T.B.M.35 

A . B. Ai. 23 ...... 



Ton of CA1 



Ton or cap 

T. o. Jft> «0. ■•••>•< 



la in the acoond pier flrom the east end of St Charlee Bridge 
on Ita weat face. 2.8 feet aonth of line between rough and 
dresBcd Htone, on curved surface at the aoath end of pier, 
in r-imter of atone in the sixteenth oonrae of masonry from 
starling ooping of pier; being borisontal furrow in copper 
bolt. 

la at the same pier as P. B. M. 20, 6 feet west from same 
faee, near nortti end ; being spike in an oak pile. 

Ih in ^> Charles on the south side of trestle work of St. 
Charles Bridge tm first column west of west pier on eighth 
course of stone from top and fonrih above ground on the 
northeast comer at offset in masonry ; being highest point 
in SQuare. 

Ih in St. Charles on same stone column supporting trestle 
as T. B. M. 23, on upstream comer nearest th'd river of 
second prctjecting course of masonry teom top; being 
highest point in square. 

At St. Charles is standard wire cable f*iig0 on upstream 
side of Wabash Rwy. Bridge over the Missouri Kiver. 
Elevation of its zero. 

Is Ht St. Charles, Mo., 1,310 feet above the St Charles Bridge 
ou the north side of Lawrence street and 25 feet west of 
the center of Missouri. Kansas and Eastern Kwy. traok,in 
the southeast comer of David Lane's lot, one foot west 
fnun fence ; being top of copper bolt in K M. stone. 

Ovor P. B. M. 21 

Is in St Charles on the northeast comer of Lawrence and 
Second streets, on top of foundation at the southwest 
comer of three-stoir brick building, city elevation given 
as 119.48 feet, which datum is also recorded as 115 feet 
below high water of 1844. 

Of St. Charles is a plane 115 feet below high water of 1844, 
which is given in the city record as 119.48 feet below the 
cityB.M. 

Is in St Charles at southwest corner of Second and Wood 
streets, ou the norilieast corner of brick honse on top of 
utxsonry of foundation, about one inch above T.B. M. 27 
(poor point). 

Ih on same comer as old B. M. 78 and 1 inch below ; being 
piiint on projecting stone of foundation. 

Is l!.(KU feet above rond crossing, under east t restle approach 
of St. Charles Bridge, on east side of wngpn road; being 
s)»lke iu west root of the verv large cottonwuod. 

Is 1i miles above east pier oi St. Charles Bridge, 65 feet 
south of spur track from Wabash Rwy., 52 feet east of 
head block for east end of siding, on soutli side of wagon 
rond, on edge of bank ; being spike ou north side of 18-inch 
walnut 

Is about 1^ miles above the east end of St. Charles Bridge, 
on the west side of St. Charles rook roail, at point where 
the road first reaches track, 300 f<^et northward from James 
Ashbrook's house; being spike in east one of two cotton- 
woods standing on south side of Wabash track. 

1 H iibout 557 feet towards St Charles fVom P. B. M. 22, where 

lirunoh road Arom the St. Charles rock road runs nortJi- 

I v-iiiiU on north end of rock culvert, under branch road on 

' northwest corner of stone ; being highest point in square. 

. . ' Is on foot of bluff opiHisite St Charles, 125 feet east of the 

citnt side of St. Charles rook road, where it entera hills. 

I 510 feet south of road branching to northeast, opposite 

large brick house, on side of bluff and 30 feet from soft 

. maple, at the northwest comer of Mr. Jones's yard ; being 

' tiii» of copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

.. Ov.r P. B. if 22 

. i Ih 2.230 feet southwest of where the St. Charles rook road 

I enters hills on point of laud on south bank of small creek ; 

! being spike in root of large lime tree. 

. . Is 1^ miles above St Charles rock road, 150 feet south of 

I south edge of timber and 50 feet from foot of bluff; being 

Hpike in east root of 2|-foot elm ou west side of path. 

Ih 1} miles above point where St. (Charles Kock Road enters 
hillH, 1,965 feet oelow where wagon-road nmuing north 
from Vigus loaves the bottom and enters the hills, 95 feet 
above the ditch running east and west across the bottom, 
at foot of bluff, 3 feet west of rail fence and 15 feet north 
of 18-inch sycamore, about 65 feet north of point where rail 
fence Joins Dlnff; being top of copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

. OverP. B. M.23 

.j Is 15 feet south of P. B. M. 23; being spike in west root of 
I the 16>inoh sycamore. 



Elevation. 



Meter*. Fc 



9.2074 



» 



8.3495 
10.9684 



2* 

3i 



10. 2419 

+0.0267 
9.5938 



3: 



3 



10.8299 
12. 8901 



3i 

4: 



12.0588 



I 



—7 



3! 



12.0881 ; 

9.2880 
11 4912 



3! 

3i 



6.9728 



•> 



12.6722 : 



20.2153 



6 



21. 4535 
13.3U6 



9.2896 
10.1404 



I 



U. 3819 
10.6969 



4 



3 
3 



1 



3 
3 



APPEITOIX Z Z ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4093 

Z>eicHpH9ns and e1^vation$ of precUe level bench marktj etc. — Continued. 



XamlMT. 



T.B. M. 37. 



T.B.M.40 

P.B.M.24-J.... 



TB.M:. 42.. 

m 

P. B. M: 25 



T. B. VI 



4w ••■••••« 



Mon^- W. 27 = {. 



• T°fe: m""?. 



^»-M.a. 



To 



i"fe 



'^f 



rap 



' ^.51, I^r«^. 



P. 



ti. 



P^'^re.p 



Dencription. 



^•^l^^c 



£. -^rcap 



^onime. 






ElevAtion. 



Motoi'H. ■ Feet. 



It I mile below the water tank, on the nortli side of comity 
road, iu ftt>nt of lioiiAe owned by Mnry Price and oerupiftl 
bv J. B. Bonor; l)einK Hpike in root of 24 -inch shell-bark 
hickory. 

Ib 360 feet eaat of P. B. M. 2-1, on north side of road. ojipoHite 
Uie north end of road ruuninp^ south ; being spike in b:iHe 
of an apple tree. 

!■ about 1,006 feet north from the north end of (YcveCd'ur 
Lake on the north side and about 607 f(M>t from St. LouiA, 
Kanaas City and Colorado liwy., about i niilt>8 S. S'i^ AV. 
(mag.) from water tank. 13 feet -outh of east and wost 
wacon nMhd, and 394 feet west of intorrtecti<»n of suid I'a.st 
and we«t road withrond running soutli acroH.<4 track; being 
coppo' bolt in B. M. dtonc. 

Over P. B. M.24 

la If milea below Creve Coenr Lake Station. 508 feet ab(»ve 
road oroaaing, 80 feet east of rail way : being spike in root 
of QOinehelm. 

la 1,460 feet l»elow Creve Crnur Lake Station, St. LouIh. 
Kansas City and Colorado RM-v.,t(M tVet !<outh of head 
block at the north end of siding. .'J.'» feet ^iouthof track on 
weat rootof H 2-forit elm : being t«n.» of Hj)iko. 

la 425 feet sonth of Creve C<i:ur J^akc Station. St. Louin, 
Kanaaa City and Colorado Kwy., 112 fcvt north of lioyd'n 
cottage, in southwest corner of lirhl, Of) fcett^astof ceiiter 
of track, hiring copper bolt iu 11. ^I. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 25. 

la 618 feet south of Cn^ve (!ii>ur Lake Station, 36 feet north 
of Boyd's cottage, 6<) feet e.ist from center of tnu k : being 
Bpike in the west root of 8 inch elm 

la 2,050 feet above Creve Cteur Jiake Stati«>n. on St. T.tiuis. 
Kausaa City, and Col«»ru<b) liw}, , I.OuOfcet abov*- niili>piist 
22,744 feet alM)ve bridge 4>*, l.'Jl.'j feet below roail itmsh 
ing, on bluff side of tniek :);'> f<>4't from <-ent<';- and 4.j| 
feet above top of rail; being center of punch mark in cop 
per bolt leaded horiKontally in vertical t'wff of rock. 

la 1 mile below Mona Station, r»2 feet cast of road cro.«*sing, 
in north end of west cap of bridge No. 49: bcin;i toj* of 
drift bolt over pile niarki-d \/]. 

Is at Mona Station, on line of St. Loiiis, Kannax City and 
Colorado Kwy.. l.'iO feet above road riinnini: from bot- 
tom over bluli' to Lake ]><».st-o:ii(:<.-. at foot ofbliitr. o|)]>i»>iitc 
a point 60 feet above bridge 52 ;bcing ci»pikt boll in li. M. 
stone. 

OverP.B. M. 27 

la 1| milea below Drew Station, Ho feet belo\\ mile post 2'), 
on fMmth end of first )>iie ImmU from ^est enii ot bridge 
No. 58; being top of drift Ixdt over i)ile markf d by hxiuare 
cnt in wood. 

la 2. 100 foet below point where Olive street road cro.sse»* tli<> 
St. Louis, Kansas Citv and Colorado Kwy.. at l>n'w 
Station, 800 feet below head block at east eiid of sidin;;, 
1,680 feet above mib»|»08t 26. on blnfl .side of track. K"* feet 
from center oi>posite bridge 61: being copper bolt in J(. 
M. stone. 

la at Dftiw Station. 08 feet ea.<tt of dci)ot. in BOiithea«<t corner 
of south abutment of iron wagon bridge on Olive f»tr<'«t 
road over Bon Homme Creek, :>0 feet north of center of 
track : being highest point in square <-nt on ma.<«onry at 
angle between face of abutment and wing wall, marknl 
U. D S. 

la atCiumbo Station, in northeast «:orner of cemetery, which 
ia 230 feet south of railroad track. A road rnns from 
Gnmbo post oilier over bluff along ea.st edge of cemetery. 
Top of (;opper t)olt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. -29 

Ia in Stevens, Mo.. 13u feet nbov»!road eroft.sin;:, l\o feet be 
low rail fence, 45 fiM-t below bridge 79. nt foot of bliiH, .'ii) 
feet from track center, U feet south of right <»f- way fence; 
being copi)er bolt in li. M. stone. 

OverP.B.M.30 

Ia in Bon Homme, 35 feet west of line of roa<l running north 
across bottom, o])posite I«i\\er end of railroad platform 
at foot of bluff. IH feet oa-t of a 2"iiuch --nuar majile. l.'> 
feet aonth from center line of road rMnniii;: we.sl aloni: 
footof blutf; being copjier bolt in B. M. stone. 

OverP. B. M.31 

Ia 15 feet soutli of P. B. M. 'M, 10 feet wc^t of same, and W 
feet higher than top of cap: Ix^ing center of punch mark 
in copper bolt loaded horizoDtaUy in vertical face of ledge. 



9. 7766 



11.3845 



10. 0:)4U 



11.2951 
11.5ti<>4 



12. j>(>u:j 



12 5r:i2 
12. 6:^35 



I0.5i:in ! 

14. 1613 i 



15.4025 
14. 1665 

I 



82.076 



11.3719 37.310 



10.9181 , .'^5.919 



12. 187tt 39.9H6 
10. 8.57(1 35. 620 



37. 351 



::2. 994 



37. 0.-^9 
.37. 928 



42. 324 



I 
12. OOr.O .39. 393 



11.2I>58 I 37.060 



41.123 
41.419 



14.96 50 49.098 



16.2009 .')3. 1.53 
14.::6»4 . 47. 12S 



1.5.27ns i .50.128 



54.180 
46.471 



50. 534 
46. 478 



\ 



1.5.4043 50. .5.39 

18.2121 59.751 

\ 



■."*'N*n 



4094 REPORT OF THK CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARMY. 

Descriptions and elevations of precise level bench marks, eio, — Continued. 



Number. 



T. B. M. 56 



P. B. M. 33... 
Ccntanr. 



Top of cup 

T. B. M. 59 

P. B. M. 34 

T. B.M. 61 



P. B. M.:{5=if. 
Port Roval. 



Top of rnp.. 
T. B. M.U2. 



T. B. Al . 63 ....... 

P. B. M.3G 

Top of rap 

P. IJ. M. :{7 



P. B. M.38-^ V... 
St. All.;iiis. 



Top of ra]» 

T.B. M.oa 



P. B. M. 30 

Becker. 



Top of cap. 
P. B.M 40 

P. B. M. 41 



Top of cap 

T. B. M. 73 



T. B. M.74 ' 



Doscription. 



Is 15 feet we«t of P. B. M. 31, 5 feet north of a 20-iiich sugar 
maple; being highest point in square on imbedded stone, 
about level with surface of ground. 

Is in Centaur, 62 feet vast of Centaur Lime Co.'s store, 30 
feet south of St. Louis, Kansas City and Colorado R. R., 
opposite east end of railroad platform ; being copper bolt 
in B. M . stone. 

OverP. B.M.33 

Is near P. B. M. 33, on bluff side of track, 30 feet from center, 
opposite center of railroad platform ; being spike in the 
north root of stump. 

Is I mile above Centaur, opposite center of wooded lot on 
river side of track, 10 feet above upper end of Bridge 99, 
bluff side of track, 45 feet from center and about 6 feet 
above grade; being center of punch mark in copper bolt 
leaded norizon tally into north face of vertical ledge. 

Is f mile below Port Koval, Mo., 75 feet above point of very 
low bluff le<lge, opposite center of small cave, bluff side of 
track 12.1 feet from center and about level with grade; 
being highest point in square cut on natural ledge. 

Is in Port Royal, 35 feet above Bridge 106, in front of section 
house, 2 feet back from front line and 5 feet from comer 
of yard fence to propcirty owned by Charles W. Goetz, 
bluff side of track, 35 feet from center; being copper bolt 
in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B.M. 35 

Is near P. B. M. 35. 40 feet above Bridge 100, 12 feet from 
section house and on line with east face of same, river 
side of track, 15 feet fmrn center; beinf; highest point in 
square cut on imbedded stone prcjecung about 2 inches 
al>ovo ground. 

Is 3,035 Icet above Port Royal, 75 feet below limekiln, and 
15 feet al)ove lower head block of limekiln siding, river 
side of track, 9.2 feet from tlio center; being hi<rhe8t point 
in square cut on rock al)oiit 1.3 feet above gra<ie of track. 

Is li unU'H alMive Port Uoyal. ,'>.'>7 feet above milepost 37, 10 
fort above west eu<l of Bridiie 109. bluff side of track, 45 
feet from ci'iiter; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B.M. 36 

Is ]j; miles above Port K«»yal. J mile above milepost 37, in 
natural face ()f bnre samlstone bluff, about 20 feet west of 
square corner of blull'. 1(» ftn-t from center of track, and 1 
foot above rail : beini* center of punch mark in copper bolt 
leaded horizontjilly. 

Is 450 feet abuv<'. St." Alban.s Station, 197 feet above Bridge 
No. 113, about OO feet south of St. Louis, Kansas City, and 
Colorailo Kaihvay tra<'k, in northeaHt corner of Charles 
Boker's dooryard, 835 ieet 8.85° 30' W. (mag.) from north- 
east <()rner of sec. 10, T. 44, R. 2 E. ; being copper bolt in 
B. M. stone. 

OverP. B.M. 38 

Is 1 mile l)elow Becker Station, 315 feet below Bridge No. 
1 14, bluH side of track. 10.8 feet from center, 100 feet below 
upper end of side-bill cut; being highest point in square 
cut on natural ledge 1 foot above ground, and marked 
U. D S. 

Is 800 feet above Becker Station, 1,230 feet below water tank, 
75 feet above intersection of track and west road fence 
produced, bluff side of track, 25 feet from center, oppo- 
site cattlo ^uard, 1^ feet from west wing fence; being 
copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OverP. B.M. 39 

Ih g mile above Becker, 250 feet above milepost 42, 200 feet 
below water tank, on east abutment of Bridge Xo.116, on 
north end of firnt course of stone below bridge scat course; 
bein;:: Top of copper bolt leaded vertically. 

Is IJ miles above uridge over Fiddle Creek, which is just 
above Becker Station, on St. Louis, Kansas Tit v, and Colo- 
rado Kailway, 2,805 feet above milepost 43, 3^ feet above 
Bridge No. 122. 1 foot inside of south right-of-way fence, 
about 50 fet^t from center of track; being copper bolt in 
B. M. utone. 

Over P. B. M. 41 

Is iu*ar P. B. M. 41 ; being hipbest point in souaro cut with 
chisel on top of driftbolt in north end or c^p on west 
bent of Brid;:e No. 122. 

Is 2J mili'H abov<' Becker Station, on St. Lc»nis, Kansas City 

■Pacific 
Bridge 
square 
out on top of driftbolt through cap into pile. 



ElevatioB. 



\ 



■» jj miii'H aoov<' uecKer rxaTion. on ?tT. ijc»nis, j^nnsas 
and Colorado Kailway. \'i miles below Mi.sH<mri Pi 
crosHln^. on tirnt pile bent fronulownstream end of Bi 
124, on idutl' end <»f bent: bcinc hiiihest point in sq 



Meters. ! Feet. 



14.7046 



14. 1301 



15.3649 
16.0809 



17. 1635 



17.8324 



48.244 



46.350 



50.410 
52.750 



56.311 



68.506 



18.5034 I 60.707 



19. 7455 



21. 1381 
27. 9210 



19.9229 



21. l.'>93 
2:i. 7051 



22.0799 
19.6417 



15.8839 



17. 1213 
18.1203 



64.782 



18.0561 59.240 



19.5323 64.083 



19.8996^ 65.289 



69.352 
91.607 



65.364 



69.420 
77.773 



20.8406 68.375 



72.441 
64.442 



52. 113 



56.173 
59.450 



18.1120 50.423 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4095 
Dticriptiona and eJeralioni of precise level bench marka^ etc, — Continuod. 



yumbfp. 



Doscription. 



Labidie. 



T.B.3I.T6 



T.B.M.77 



P.R.M. 13:=V. 



Top of 



lop or ran., 
T.B.M.78 ■■■■ 



P.B.M.44... 



T.B.M.TO 



T.B.M.8i 



P. BIT. 45 



Top of rap 

T.i.K.93 



T. B.M.M... 



T. B. M. 85 



P. B. M. 40=V 



Top of cap 

T. B. M. ao 



V. B. M. 47 



T. B- M. srr 



T. B. M. «5* 

IhibniM Crcok. 



Ib at croBfting of Miiiaoiiri Pacific Rniln)ad, above Labatlio 
Station, on north end of pier on east of Minsouri Pacillc 
track, in fli^vojitt^uth ronmo of iiiurtonry from top, ami in 
east Bide of C4.>utcr stono in coiirrtt* ; bein^ centor of punch 
mark in copper Iwlt loaded horizontiillv. 

la near P. li. M. 42; being top of spike fn idio pile din^ctly 
ment of center of pier on oast side of MiHsoiiri I'ariiic, 
Railroad. 3 feet east of right-of-way fence in second i)ile 
from north end of row. 

lH}mileahore Labudie Sidini:, directly opposite ct titer of 
Labadie CroAaini;, on river Mid(M>f track, 75 f(M>t frmn cen- 
ter; being top of spike in tho south root of IG-iuch bhick 
walnut. 

In 2 mil(«8 below Boles. 'i.UH) feet bf'low milepost iO, M\) 
feet below poBt "One mile to st^ition," opposite west eml 
of deep thorough roi;k cut, I foot insido of north rii;ht- 
of-way fence, and rAt feet from center of track ; bein;; cop- 
per bolt ill B. M. stone. 

OrerP. B. M. 43 

la 2 mllen below B<dea. 2,095 feet below milenost 40. 405 feet 
below post marked "One mile to station, ' about 2o foet 
weat of weat end of deep thorouj^h nnk cut, ou blull Bi<le 
of track, 12 feet from center, and level witli rail: bein;; 
bigheat point in aqnare on natnral ledj^o marked U. G S. 

la 3,005 feet below Boles, 95 feet above milepost 47, itG feet 
below small bridge D^, op^Kisite road crosnin^. blufV Hide 
of track, 15 feet trom center and 2 feet above rail; beiriir 
center of punch mark in copper bolt leaded horizontally 
into natnral ledge. 

Is 3,018 feet below Boles, 82 feet above miloi)OBt 47, 49 feet 
below small bridge 1)^, 10 feet ea^t of road cros'tin^'. blutf 
aideof track, 8 foet from center; bein*; highest point in 
aqiiare cut on natnnil leilgo aud niarke«l U. G S. 

la 375 feet above Boles, 50 feet above west head block fi»r 
warehoaae track, 27 feet alnive cattle (;fnard, blulVside of 
track, 10 feet from rentiT nnd about 1 foot above mil: 
being higbest i)oint inaqunarecut on natural led^e and 
marked tJ. Q i5. 

Is three-qnarters of a mile above Holes, 616 feet above we>»t 
head block of siding, near right-of-way fence corner at 
right angle turn of farm road, 2 feet outride (»f right of 
way in Mr. liiukle's Held; being c^ijipur bolt in IV ^I. 
atone. 

OverP. B. M. 45 

la 1| milea above Boles, 295 feet bt>low milejfost 40, 872 foet 
below post marked "One mile to station," on blutf sidi* 
of track, lOfeet from center: being liighest point in 84uaro 
cut on large iml>e<ldcd )>owldcr. 

la 2^ milea below South Point. 623 i'eet below milepost So. 
115 feet below whistle post, on blutf side of track. 7.2 feet 
tn>m center and about 1 foot below grade; being high 
eat point in aquare cut on imbedded rock. 

la Ij milea below lower head bl(H*k of South Point Siding ami 
oppoaite center of coulee, on south end of Htonebox col 
vert. 14.6 feet from center of tra<'k. ou east side of opi-nin;;. 
on large comer ston(> 5.0 feet below grade; being highevtl 
point m aqnare, marked V. Li S. 

la 1| milea below lower head bhx'k at South Point Siilinu. 
near upper aide ol coulee, loo feet above stone cuh ert, on 
feet below point of blutf, blull' Hide of track liO feet front 
oenter 1.5 feet north of ri^htof-w:iy feuc(<; being copp«-r 
bolt iu B. M. atone. 

OverP. B. H.46 

la 1| milea below lower head block of South Point Siding. 
oppoaite oenter of small coulee, on we.Hi abutuo'nt of cul- 
vert; being highest point in square cut iu center of south 
end and marked U. D S. 

la Ijr mile4 below lower hejul blo«k of South P<dnt Sidin;:, 
490 feet above small <ulviTt, opi»oHite center of coulee, 
bluffaide of track. 14 feet fr<ini center and 4.0 fei«l alni\e 
grade; being center of punch mark in clipper bolt leaded 
norizontally into natural le<lge. 

la ^ mile below South Point. l.fJlO fe«'t abovo signpost 
marked "Station 1 mile," 4.9 feet below wooden bo\ dm in 
onder track, blutf side of track. 12 frrt Irf)m crnt«T and 
about H feet Im'Iow grade ; being higlu-.'-t point in <«iiian- 
<m natnral ledge. 

la 853 feet below lower head block of South Point sidinsi. 
on north end of weat abutnu-nt of liridgo No. 1 i Missouri 
PaciflcHwy.; being highest point in square cut on north- 
•Mt comer of top course ol atone and marked U. (J S. 



Elevation. 
Meters. Feet. 



2\i. 3647 



76. 050 



22.^764 : 75.054 



20. 3ti26 



17.(K)03 
22. 8547 



21.9034 



21.4091 



21.9551 



18.3720 



10. 6035 
22. 6773 



22. ifi:>'* 



20. 87.52 



21.57l>s 



22. >n:i.'i 

2l.!l.')12 



2 1. 1 019 



I 



22. 1734 



21.a":^«J 



\ 



66.807 



10.6641 . 54.673 



68.729 
74.983 



71. 863 



70. 240 



72. 032 



60.276 



64.316 
74.4U1 



73.772 



68.482 



70.771 



74.822 
72. 029 



79. 042 



72.7t8 



60. 189 



4096 BBPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENQINEEB8, U, 8. ARMY. 
Deacripfions and elevations of precise level bench marks, etc. — Continned. 



Number. 



r. B, M. 48. ....... 

South Poiut. 



Topof 4:u|» 

P.B.M.49"oiaB. 

M.4l = V.S.(;.S. 

M. M. XII. 

X . jS. jH, o9 ........ 



T. B. M. 90 

P. B. Jfl. oO. . . .. . 

T. B. M.92 



T. B.M.93--1.WB. 
M.74of 1»*7». 



T.B.M.W=ohlB. 
M. 75 of 1879. 

U.S.(;.S.B.M., L. 

a. 
Wanhingtou. 



X, B. j&. Oo ••.... 



P.B.M.51r:V-.-- 



Descriptioii. 



Top ot cap , 

T.B.M.96 = ohlB. 
M. 42«. 

T. B. M. 07 



P. B. M. 52 



T.B. M. 08 



I. . B. Al . 0<i ........ 



Top of cpp 

T.B. M.9l*=oMB. 
M.43.. 



T. B. M. 100 



It in South Point, Ho., about opposite center of siding, 85 feet 
below road crossine, bluff side of track M feet fh>m center, 
6 inches f^rom right of way fence; being -eopper bolt in B. 
If. stone. 

OverP.B.M. 48 

Is about one quATcermileaboTe South Point, 250 fSset above 

• upper head biork of siding, on bluff side of track, 9J} feet 
from center and 1 foot above grade ; being the horizontal 
furrow in copper bolt leaded honsontAlly Into natural led^e. 

Is 2S0 feet above upper head block of South Point siding, on 
bluff side of track, 10 feet firom center and 1 foot below 
grade; 4 feet west ofP. B. M.49; being highest point in 
square cut on natural ledge and marked with the letters 
I' . S. about 20 inches above the B. M. 

Is 7,020 feet bolow Washington, 300 feet above mile post 53 ; 
beintf highest point in square cut on natural ledge. 

Is in Washington, 9O0 feet below depot, on souUi side of 
water workM pump house, 9 feet firom southwest corner of 
building : being center of punch mark in copper Ixdt leaded 
horizontally into window silL 

Is in WaHhington on east end of door sill of south entrance 
to pumping station, 900 feet below depot; being the high- 
est iK)iut in square. 

Is in Washington, on southeast comer of Front and Elm 
streets, on northwest comer of water table of three-story 
brirk building : being top of chamfered edgeof water t«ble 
(not a very do&uite point.) 

Is in Washington, at southwest comer of Front and Elm 
streets ; being highest point in square on north end of 
north doorstep on Elm street. 

Is in Washington on east Rifle of Gorman C-atholic Church, 
on top of water table, 2 feet north of fourth window fttmi 
north end of building; being bottom su rface of square 
cavity marked— B.gfiL 

U.8.0.&G.S. 
=L.8 
1882. 

Is in Washingtmi, on south side of Front atreet, sbout 400 
feet we^t of d«iH>t, on ton of st-one retaining wall under 
fence, on north side of William Miller's lot, 30 feet east of 
main entrance to house, 3 foet east of entrance to barn* 
vard east of house; being highest point in square marked 
IT. D S. 

Is in Wsshington.st nmth west corner of William Miller's 
door\'ard, on south side of Fr«int street, and 645 feet 
N., f 1-^40' W.(mag.). fn>ni west end of railroad station, 5 
feet Houtheast from comer post offence; being copi>er 
lx)It in B. M. stone. 

OverP.B.M.51 1 

Is 3,855 feet alnyve Washington IXepot, on north end of east 
abutment of bridge, at an^lo in masonry formed by wing 
wall ; being highest iMiint in square near comer. 

Is I mile alK>ve Washington, 2iN) feet above sign marked 
"Water Station 1 mile, onaouth side of trace, east end 
of culvert, on third counte of masonry from top; being 
highest point in square cut on southwest corner of stone. 

Is 2 miles above Washington, 2.214 feet below bridge over 
St. Johns Creek, at lower side of coulee, 125 feet below 
point of bluff. 35 foet below point where vertical ledge 
oegins to run parallel to track on bluff side of tnck, 11.5 
feet from center and 4.5 feet above graile. being center of 
punch mark in copper bolt leadedliorizoutally into nat* 
ural ledge. 

Is 2 miles above Washington, 2.230 feet 1)elow bridge over 
St. Johns Creek, at upper end of rock cut, on bluff side 
of track 9 feet from center; being highest point in square 
cut on natural ledge. 

Is 2| miles above Washington, 1,445 feet below eaat end of 
bridge over St. Johns Creek, 1 foot inside of south 
right of way fence, 40 feet from centor of tjraok, oppoaito 
a farm crossing, at intersection of north and south rail 
fence with right of way fence, and 4 feet west of gate 
opening into field ; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OverP.B.M. 53 

Is 'i^ miles above Washington, on abutment at west end of 
plato girder span st west end of rnilruad bridge across 
St. Johns Cwek, bein^ highest point in square cnt on 
southwest cf>Aer of bndge s««t course. 

Is 2} miles above Washington, 150 feet above npper head 
block of Hootan siding, bluff side of track ; being higheat 
point in square cut on natural ledge. 



Elevation. 
Meters. , F. 



21.4628 



2*J. 7020 1 
2J. 36U3 , *: 

i 



22.8393 : "2 

i 

I 
I 

i 

22.9791 I '4 
24.3583 

23.5536 1 
25.2089 

26.5906 
40.2762 I 1.1 



25.7975 



25.0078 



26.2448 
23.3788 



23.8642 



26.6903 



• { 



25.3723 



22.6416 



23.8763 
23.9255 



25.8912 



APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOUUI lilVFAl COMMISSION. 40!)7 
Ifacription^ and elevationa of precise lerd benrh marln, etr. — CdiiliiiiuMl. 



XnmlMr. 



p:8.i[.5i=.y. 



Tovof rap .. 
tB.U. 105. 



P.B.M.55 



'\lr 



■ TB.ii.iue! 



P'lLX.5e. 



J.B.Jr.57=Y. 



TB-M.uo 



V3|*l7»>'<M<' 






P.SL)[.S8 






Deu'ription. 



T.aic. 



114 



I« 31 mllcfi below Dundee. 2.2GI Art UVtvr Tiiile ]HiHt 50. 
l.-W feet b«low nijjn p«wt nKirkf-d "i luiW. to I)i-wey." 
295 fnei above a|i)ier lie.id block of I)i>\C-ov Siiljnu, nt t'anii 
cnMwIug, ODO foot iiiAlik* ui'sontl) rJ::lir. of n^.iy friic*-, M 
ttyi from cti>nter of tnu'.k, 12 feet west of gnto; beiii;; coii- 
^rboU iu n. M. stone. 

OverP. B.3J.M 

Ii 1} niilvn liebiw Danl1<^o Stntiun, 1.2>)i) fei't Wrlow .^ilmi post 
marked "I mile to t-tiilou,'* 1,552 fe^-t luluw mili: jmst Ul. 
on ■outhoaHt. oomer of Honth wall of Hr<inii ciilvi-rt : bring 
bigheiit point in s4]nnre. 

S» l^'niilca bvluw Dundee Station. 1.-l(i7 ii>i-tbi>Iow iiiilo ]u><«t 
61. 1,104 feet below jmbI innrkt>il "1 niih' to Htntion. " Hfi 
t^it above utonc culvert, 1 foot inside of i^oulli ri;.lit of 
way fence. 24 feet from ceator of track ; btiiug copjicr bolt- 
in n. U. Kfone. . 

I« 2.950 feet below Dundee 8tfl<ion. aOO feot br1«>w W:u\ 
block at east end of nfdin<;, 1.ri7:'i f<'4-.t iil>ove milt* post 'U, 
at lower end of aide bill nN'k cut un MiHMouri r:u'i<ic Kwy., 
blnif aide of track, 9 feet fn>ni rrntcr and level willi top 
of rail: being biglient point iiirtfiuun* out o;i niiturallfilue. 

Is 2.950 feet b^ow Dnmlce Stntiim. -I(K) fiM-t bt low itoint of 
bluff and lower side of oiiub'f,:'-(iO feet Uclow bcud bioiknl 
east end of aiding, 325 feet nbovv >ni:ill i-oub-c. hlntl' siiUr 
of track. 10 fe«*trrom cent(-r aii<l 4 fcrt :ibov<' gr:i<li<: lie. 
ine center of pQUcIi msrk in cop]M!r 1m>U li^nd<'<l iiori/.oii- 
tallv Into vertical ledge. 

la ill T>nndee, 1.640 fi*et below esBt «>ii('i uf timiK-l. :it iioHli 
fence of small field owned bv S. S. i'.iuly, I'Jo fo*-t Hoiitli 
of railroad track, 12feet nout'liworttof ItonoyliK'iirtt; bciii;,' 
copper bolt in B. H. stimo. 

la ill I>nndee, 328 feetl>clow ennt fiid of ti.iino]. bIiitf'sid*Mir 
track, 18.4 feet fk^Mn centJT of south wf-t coi'iht. w«iHt end 
of coping atone of east retainin;: wall <if iiicli otil\«>rtovcr 
Little ikeuf Creek; lK>ing ln<:lirst ])oirit in s(|n:iri'. 

Is in r)ujidHe,on namenn-b I'lilvcri ovcrLittle lloMif ^^-ivek, 
nortli aide of track: beiiii: the lii^lirst jniiiit in .-(iinn*- 
formed on sou tboaat quart (-r of cn>* Hand in:irl\i-d !>. n M. 

Is in Ttandee. ?'2S feet below east end «>t tunm*!, Idiitl sidnof 
track. 0.2 feet from cciiti-r. Houllrrast cornrr iii««t end i»f 
coping Blone over arcli culvert over Litlle Honf C^n.ok ; 
Iwinu bight'rtt point in MquHre. 

la nt Kent Hiding, seven ei;;hthH milt, above Ihnid«>r>. on hlnff 
aldeuf trai'k, *il.3 feet from i-cnlrr of in.nn trirK; Jiiin;^ 
tlie blgbent point in iH|U:trt^ «'ut ouHnutli* jsl roiiH'r of ina 
BonrA' over tile drain under track, 400 ftct altove hi<;n jiost 
marlcc<l ** Kent." 

la 11 miles above Dundee, tbrec-eigblhH mile abuve Ki-nt. on 
niirtlieaat comer of east nlnitnieni nf tbnniu'b »':»ilioad 
llridge X«. 16, MiHH«>nri Taritie II wy. over iJiver an 
Bipuf: being f be blglicKt point in nqiiare cut on north- 
east corner of coping Htone. 

Is 31 milea lielow New ITnven, l.O-iO fe«-t below Hisn pont 

markeii "Kent ( mile." l,i::.7 teet l»r!ow niil-josi fil, ur.j 

feet above fann crosning, bluH hide oftraek. fi-<-.t froui 

center and 6 inches Ih'Iow r(»p of rail : iK'in-.; Inchest jM.iiut 

in square cut in iiHtural Iedg«'. 

la 2t'« milcH bolow New llavt-n. 2.Ti:*. feet lielow milepusi 
65. west aide of coulee, at Ronth ri^lit of way fenee, '.'.-l f»'i«t 
from center of t Rick, 3 feet west of iiilerHiflion of norili 
and aoutb rail fence with right of way li-nei- : bein;j: cop- 
per bolt in R. M. stone. 

Over P. U. M. r.8 

la 2j miles lielow New TTdven. 2. 1.'i<) feet below niile|Mi>i »i'i. 
on bluff Hide of track, 6 fcf't fvom ei'nl«T: bein;: hii^JK-st 
point in Hqiinrc eut on inibeildi-d stoni>. 

la 1^ miles l>elow New IIav«n. Ufjir <i'ntrr of Hjillnu. 'i'SWeot 
from went bead blo«'k. on Idutf siiU- of trmk. '» fnt trom 
center and .3| feet above the rail: heint; r« ht<r of ])uni-h 
mark In copjier bolt leaded hori/iin tally into natural 
leilge. 

lal^ railen Imlow Now Haven. r>:in feet Im-Iou west head 
blocVof sidinc, on Idnfl* Bido of tra«'k. ffit I'mui eent*-!' 
and I) fent aiiove the rail: h«-in;; the lii^lii-<*l ]>i<iiit in 
si|iiHn-eutoii natural ledge uud marked ' L'. b.,' iu large 
mters fiiclng the trauk. 



EXG 93 ^257 



Klex'atioii. 
Meters. ' >\*et. 

25. i:0T6 ' 82. 703 



2fi 4U7 

:::i. :jyjo 



I 



27.1174 
20. »?234 



27. 978U 



111.1772 



20. C241 



I 



27. '.»234 



2'.». 1017 
27. r-i^'J 



2<*. 5li>>2 



M. 702 
83. 3ln 



2ri.8844 84.irj4 



jw. noo 

88. (Hi4 



91. 702 



CO. 4S«) 



22.4W5S 


73. r.Jfi 


2J.914U 


81.740 


20.7070 1 


87. 822 


20. 7e»00 


fi7..S8t 



20.0021 . 87.573 



87. 350 



27. 4580 , »). {*HS 



01.013 



0.'. ♦;7«i 



20. i2r.8 ori.rifis 



03. j:J2 



'■ *" 



•:?! 



4098 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMT. 
Descriptions and elevations of precise level bench marks, etc. — Continued. 



Number. 



P. B. M. 60=J^ . 



Top of cap... 

T. P. M. 115 
New Haven. 

T. B. M. 116. 



P. B. M. 61 



T. B. M. 118 



P. B. M. 62 



Top of cap . 
T. li. M. 119 

T. B. M. 120 



U. S. C. S. B. M. 
XIV. 



Description. 



T.B. M.121 



r. li. M. (8 ,... 
Etiali. 



Ton of cap 

T.B.M.122... 



T. H. M. 12:) old 
K. li. H. M. 



T. n. M.12 



r. IJ.M.64. 



Toji of vti]i 
T. B. AI. 126 

P. B. M. 65 . 



Is in New B[ayen, at west side, 5 feet from doorwav of throe- 
story brick building now owned by Mr. W. (i. Wart-nkeii, 
on corner of Olive street and rail oad ; being copper bolt 
in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 60 (the cap is about even with the top of tly^ 
sidewalk). 

Is in New Haven, on three-story brick buildinfr owned by 
Mr. W. G. Waronken, comer of Olive street and railroaii, 
on north side of buildinc, 2.5 feet from northwest comer, 
being the highest point in square cut on top of water ta- 
ble. 

Is in New Haven, 402 feet above the depot, on north end of 
east abutment of railroad culvert ; being the liigli-'st point 
in square cut into bridge seat course of masonry. 14 inches 
from north end, and 25 inches from west face of stone. 

Is 1} miles above New JIaven, 100 feet below lower side of 
coulee, at point where river and bluff meet. 25 feet lielow 
center of arch oulveit. on bluff side of trAck, 14 feet from 
center and 3^ feet above grade; being center of panch 
mark in copper bolt leaded horizon tally Into vertical letlge. 

Is H miles below Etlah, at i)oint where river comes back to 
tlie blulf, 1,827 feet below milepost 69, ai upi>er end of 
siuehill rook cut, on south wall of arch culvert, over cen- 
ter of arch ; lM*ing highest point in square. 

Is 1} miles below Etlah, 948 feet below mile post 69, 879 feet 
above stone arch culvert on west side of coulee, at south 
right-of-way fence, 32 feet from center of track ; being 
copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OverP. B. M.62 

Is 6,168 feet below Etlah Station, 2,010 feet al)Ove milepost 
69, on south end of west wall of open culvert ; being the 
highest point in square. 

Is 2,372 feet below d«'pot at Etlah, about, 328 feet below head- 
block at east end of siding, 380 fe«'t above mile post 70, on 
bluff side of track, 8 feet ffom ctrntor, being highest point 
in square cut on imbedded rock. 

Is 1,000 feet below deyjot at Etlah, on north end of east abut- 
ment of doubh* trai'k open ciilvert ''Fj" and marked in 

small letters 1 '-'M 
XIV 

IsO.'iO feet above dc])ot'at Etlah, on south side of track, 
about 75 feet from c,«*nter, opposite road crossing; iMjing 
spike in east root of stump. 

Is 672 feet above depot at Etlah, 60 foet west of road cross- 
ing, 40 feet south of track, in corner of fence made by 
right-of-way fence and fence on west side of public road; 
being coj>])er bolt in B. M. stone. 

over P. B. M. 63 

Is one mile above Etlah, 1,850 feet below small iron bridge, 
225 feet below ]>ost marked "Water st.i»t ion one mile." on 
bluff side of tracks foet from cent^M'. on same elevation 
as rail; being highoHt point in H<iuaiTCut on large im- 
bedded piece of ledge, about inches from edge. 

Is about IjJ miles above Etlah. <ui 8t>uth end of east abut- 
ment, bridge seat course, of iron bridge acroas Berger 
Creek : being highest point in square found on northeast 
qunrt«T of cross and marked B. B ^i- 

Is -i Miilea below Berger, 1.5S4 feet below milepost 73, at 
farm croHsing, ou blufl' side of track, 23 ft^»t from center 
and 2 feet above rail ; being highest point in square cut on 
natural ledge. 

Is 2i miles below Berger 1,535 foet below milepost 73, 60 
fe<it above farm crossing, about 75 feet south of Mis- 
souri Pacific tra<'.k. at foot of hill, 5 feet south of east 
end of gate on private road; being copper bolt in B. M. 
stone. 

OverP.B. M. 64 

Is 2,^1, miles below Berger. t}H2 feet below^ milop<)st 73, at 
lower end of rock cut, on bluff side of tra<'k, 10 feet from 
center and 1 foot below top of nnl; being highest point 
in square cut on natural ledge. 

Is 2fV. miles below Berber. <)04 feet below milepost 73, 165 
U)v.t above farm crtjssiiig on west side of wide couU^e at 
lower end of sidehill work, on Iduft' side of truck 13 feet 
fnmi center and 4 fVet above the rail, 15 include west of 
drill scar: being center of punch mark in copper bolt 
leade<l horizontally into vortical ledge. 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



Foet. 



27.5977 

28.8383 
29.2050 

28.0607 
30.2883 

28.7838 



90.544 

94.615 
96.818 

92.063 
99.872 

94.436 



28.1909 92.491 



29.4.308 ; 96.556 

28..9800 I 95.060 

j 

28.9378 ! 94.941 



29.1554 



28.4023 



29.7898 



95.655 



93.184 



97.736 



31.0320 I 101.812 
29.5285 ' 96.879 



28.3888 



29.7975 



30.6564 



93.140 



97.762 



100.580 



I 



31.8884 ; 104.622 
29.0041 95.454 



30.8671 



101.271 



APPENDIX 
Itncriplii 



Z Z — BEPOET OP MISSOimi RIVEH COMMISPION. ' 
mi and tlir^tiont of preeite leetl henrk mark*, c*r.— Coiitiniipii. 



la ] mile 'hdov Bergsr, MO ffel >bon mat miirlir^ "Oiin 
mile lo lUtlon," & BJi foot ulilUi (An, M f.fl unit uf 
aiiuUlflrMnid lWl^lBoiit1i<.rnillrn:ii1 i.n wi'Sl Hills of < 
inniU nvlDB; btilDetap uf gnlliK in norlii ruii. 

la in BcTEw. m Mac tide of ^filti ain-i-i and mtiii uf Min- ' 
wiirl Pufijllp KJB., a.] r«t ni.plii nr wmtliwi"! .■..m.T , 
vlMn.HOlt- EJchmab-diunw^ IwlliR Iwltuni nDrfu'-iMit' 

plaalfd in thi<(;mun'l ncd luariiMl ^'O^j 
In in Depgor, in BOutljirMl comer ut M™. li'liimU'i ym'-l. , 



rt« 



r, as n-et iwlnw l<rl> 
f«-t fmiii rail awl 
;linl p.iliii in wiiuiri.' 



sonnty line ■! road OTOm fl. iiininiipr»lili-iif iiiiilliiiiluy, 
*t foot of bl t# Juiit oiiial Ih li i-lEht-Df-wuv fi'tici-. on 
■authslaeu^irarVstifi'i-t rruinfvDieriiiKl ^'fuu' •'oxl 'if ' 
fate, on land uwnedliy Cliarluy Uiitdi! IkIiik irujiiwr bult 



. Liiiih, 



f blnir.llu (•■•■X uix 
ck, H ri-«t rniiDci^u 

!.fi«< frit alH>i-« bI 

K-in.; liiEl'wM 1 
marli.Hl U. y ' 



I. in b.rg» . 

I» 111 railM iKloir depot at Hurniaim.ntleii'Mralilf nf nide 

wlpmnt'of lluirronMnff Bldo"Df"tilH UvX Wf^'ri'^lnn 
Dnib!r, nn land ofToliiaaLnFcer; lKilug(M)i|Kr bidt in II. 

OverH. B M. dg. 

In fl.SMfoci lifluwiliipotat IIiTmann,nt Iohm idrtc cif ■iniill 
omlec. an river niio of Mimwuri Piraftli! Inivh. ll.flfivt 
froni wnier, HI Nlone OTWCBnteraf niiini' ciilvrrli li'^iim 



■ IslnHerniai 



ion. M norl 



it'of tiridii", aH.WM4 ' 



feet bolow tbe tracli and luuheu I'rumi'i lipf ftuimf iiir- i 
neratuno: b*iiia the toprnf-'oiiiior bull limdedvertiiaily. 



la lu Uomunn, on nortb aide nr ^Vliiin Uonw IiiKpI. oi, 
nnrtlieaat (onii r of lower atan nf pant i-ntninn.. ' fmi 
vnicf iiiirllii'ibitcunierof biiiiilinui bi>in" lln^ bluhi'ot 
pnlntln .liimiK... 

Iaati>f.iut>ini1iiirutiipnerBniliifncTmnuti.1,14iir«'tabn>-.' 
<le|K.I. at lulrci' ifnd iif Toi'k cut. on blniraid,- i.f 'rnvk. lU 

r«' fn-i. Ut an.i MiK.I ah.,,-.- ™id.-. (i f.-.-i »■.-.! -f n.I - 

Ue-uaard funoxi ImiBR linriinnliil fiiirowln «i|>|wt bult 
IsadM lioTiwuitiilty Into natural led|[«. 



4100 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARMY. 
Dcscriplionti and eUvaiions of precise level henvh markSf etc, — Continued. 



Number. 



P.B.M,73. 



Top i)f cap 

T.k M.136 



T. B. M. 137. 



P. B. M. 74. 



U. S. C. S. B. M. 

XVI. 
Coles Creek. 

T. B. M. 139 



T. B. M. 141.... 
P. B. M. 75=V 



Top of ciij» 
T. B. " 



Dosoription. 



Is U niilea above Hermaiiii, 164 feet above post marked 
*' Que mile to station, "in 80utlieaHt comer of Wm. Strek- 
er 8 garden, 7 feet eaat of northeast corner of house and 
about 110 feet south of railroad track; being copper bolt 
in B. M. stone. . 

Over?. B.M. 73 

1» 1^ miles above Hermann, 3.^8 feet above post marked 
"One mile testation," on south end of east abutment of 
small bridge, on top course of masonry, 10 inches from 
each face; being the highest point in square, marked 
U. D 8. 

Is 2,215 feet below bridge ''PV Missouri Pacific Rwy., 919 
feet below small bridge, at lower side of small conlee, 
blutf side of track 22 feet from center, about 1 foot 
above grade ; being the highest point in square on rock 
marke<l U. D S. 

Is 2 miles above Hermann on north end of eart abutment 
of bridge "F4," on second course of masonry from top, 10 
inches from north end of stone ; being top of copi)er bolt 
leaded vertically. 

Is on north end of east abutment of bridge over Coles 
Creek; being bottom surface of square cavity in top 
course of masonry marked U_,S 

B°M 

Is 3 miles below Gasconade Bridge, 3,143 feet above bridge 
over Coles Creek, 413 feet below small open culvert, on 
bluff side of track 9 feet fVom center, G inches above 
grade; being highest point in square on imbedded rook 
marked U. O S. 

Is 1| miles below Gasconade Bridge, on north end west 
abutment of small bridge, about 500 feet above prominent 



M.140.. 



r. B. M. 76 



To]) of cap 

T.II.M.14J — Oldli. 
K. H. M. 



T. B. M. 14'J. 



T. li. M. 144, Gjis- 
eoiiadc Hurvey It. 
M. of 187U. 



U. S. (\ S. B. M. 
XVII. 



P. B. M. 77 



U. S. C. S. B. M., 

XV III. 
Gasroiuule. 



sand stone i)oint in blutf; being highest point in square, 

Is 2.^ miles below (lasconade Bridge. 46 ieet east of arch 
culvert, 3,458 feet below uiilepost 86, at west fence of 
Frank Berke's garden (inside) an<l a1)out 70 feet south 
from Missouri Pacific Kwv. track; being copper bolt in 
B. M. Stone. 

Over P. B. M.75 

Im 2J miles below Gasconade Bridge, 3,419 feet below mile- 
I)03t 86, on east end of south wall of stone, arch culvert 
near Frank Berke's house on sonthea.>*t comer of large 
sand stone; being the highest point in squHre. 

Is li miles below Gascouaae Bringe, at lower side of coulee 
and in front of John Ufielman's houi^e, on blutf side of 
tra«-.k 31 feet from the center. 10 feet south of right of 
way fence, 1 foot west of rail fence running south over 
the blufi"; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. H.M.76 

Is 7.62H feet below (rasconade Bridge, on north end of stone 
culvert un<ler !&IisHonri Pa<*.ific Rwy., near north-west 
comer; being the highest point in square formed on one 
angle of a cro.ss and mark<Ml B. -r^ m. 

Is 4,265 feet below bridije across the Gasconade River, 300 
feet above niilej^ost 87, Missouri Pacific Rwy., 2lK) feet be- 
low signpost marked "Station 1 mile," 7 feet Iwlow 
small boxdrain under trark, on projecting rock 1 ftiot 
above grade, 11.8 feet from renter, on blutf si<le of track; 
being highest point in H<iuare. 

Ih in (iSHconade, on south end of tirst pier from east end of 
bii<lge aciosrt the GaMc<»nade Riv<T; being tbe highest 
])oint of H]>b<.'rieal knob <'ut in stone. 4^ feet from south 
c«»rner of stone and marked B. M. inches away from 
])oint. 

Is in (Jasconade, on middle pier of bridjje across the Gas- 
C!)nade River, on south sidt^ of track, G inches from south 
end of i)ier; being bottom surface of a square cavity, 
marked U.r-,S. 

b.'-'m. 

Is in (iasconade, on north end of first pier from the west 
end of bridge across tbe Gascona<le River, G inches south 
of north end of i)ier; being top of copper bolt leaded 
vertically. 

Is in (Ja.sconade. at son t beast corner ot J. Walter's house, 
south sid<*. 2 iVct from tbe corner, 200 feet south of east 
end of Stat ion bouse: being tbe bottom surface of a square 
cavity cut into tlie to]M>f alimestone post6 inches square, 
set into the ground and marked U., ,S. 

b.L-Jm. 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



33.3687 



34.6083 
31.5464 



33.0534 

9 

31.4463 
33.8501 
34.0924 

33.5344 
33. 5516 



34.7894 
31.4437 



33. 9151 
31. 9557 



Feet. 



33.5662 



33.5947 



33.5628 



34.5299 



109.478 



118.545 
103.500 



108.444 

103. 171 
109.417 
11L853 

lia022 
110.078 



114. 140 
103. 162 



32. 6793 107. 217 



111.271 
104.842 



34. 3198 112. 599 



110.126 



110.220 



110.115 



113.288 



AITENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOrRl RIVER COMMISSION. 4101 



DeteriptiouB and devatioHs of precise hrcl bench marks, etc, — Continne«l. 



Kunbcr. 



T.B.31.145 

T.B. 11.148 , 



DcBCiiptlon. 






'B-M.lig. 



PB-M.W 



Top of 



ra 



''•B.Sf.15 



150. 






T.au. 



151 



'^B.ij 



83 



^- ©=v 



h.^1 



»«r?£- 









^.153 

'•;.S-.*i.M 



f*H 



^of 



cap. 



Klevation. 
Metfire.^ I F«H-t. 

w. :rjofl 1 12. C2-J 



:n.fi9i)» io:{.(»77 



:!4..-.4:{3 I ux:n2 



:{".. -j'os 117. n92 
:i:i. r):ij(; i uu.019 



33. 0043 



31.(;020 



3'). 0308 
30. (MH)7 



111.531 



1 13. 823 



117. «S4 
118.4UH 



34. 0875 



114.700 



In \k inilftM Rl)ovt« (iMcrfnoilv. ti:si) feot ulmvo pont inHrko<l, 

"1 miln to wat^T tank." ou blufl" aidr ol' track 6.5 JV-tt 

fhrni center ami 3 iuches ab<»ve rail; Inuuu liif^ht^st iioiiit 

Id aqua re cut on natnral lod);e and inarkt^d U.a^^- 
la 1| mllea above Qaaconado, :i:{ I'oct lielow poHt marked. 

"1 mile to atation." on uaat end of aoutli wall uf cul- 

TerC; being tbe hiffbeat jmint in nqnan). 
la It miles almve Gasconade, 78 f«*<it above post marked, 

" 1 mile to atation," insido of nort.h {vna*. of XivholnH 

Wo1z*a doornuti, 157 feet from center of traek and 10 feet 

east of small yard gate: being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 7iS 

Is 2 miles above Gasconade, near upper aide of conlee, on 

son tb end of west abntra<>nt, in briihre iteat ronrse of brid co \ 

"F. G." on Minouri raeitic Kwy., 7 fwt from cintcr ' 

of track; being top of copper bolt leaded vurticHlly iut^i i 

stone. I 

Is 1) miles below Morrison, on nortb end of eatt abutment i 3::. 423r> 1()0. 658 

of liridge "G," ou nortli end of bridge seat nbiuit 1 foot 

tmm comer of stone; lieins the bi^begt )M>iiit in 8quuro. 
Is 4,855 feet below depot at Morrison, ou nurfii ciul of eaat 

abutment of colvert; being the bighent )i(dnt iu Hquarv 

formed on northeast quarter of cross nni uinrko<l B. MM. 
Is 1,008 feet below Morriiwn de|M)t 800 feet above liTVer 

head block of sidinj^, on point of bluff at lower sidr of 

coulee and 275 feet nelow wltiatlc ^tost, V.ii t'v*-x no itli of 

siding, 2 feet north of right-of-way tcnrc. oppoHite n two 

st4>ry frame honse standing 400 I'ee't north f»l tr:ick ; bcin;: 

copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OverP.B.M.80 

Is 1,427 feet below Morrinon, 115 feet below whittle poH(. 

ISOfeetabovepointof bluff and small coiili'e, on hluirMidi- 

ot Missonrl Facifle Rwy. track, 12 feet from center ot' 

siding and 4 feet above irfaile: i»ein); center of ^uinch murk 

in copper bolt leaded nori/ont^dly into n^tical faco of 

natnni ledse. 
18 1,427 feet below Mon-lnon deitot. lir)fi'<et below whittle 

post, at upper aide of Hr^t coulee. 1n>1ow station. UO fet-i 

above point of bluff, on blntf r:iilc of iracl;. 12 I'eet from 

center of siding, on same elevation an Uirte of rail : liein^ 

highest point m sqnare cut on natural led^e. 3 feet east 

ofP. B. M. 80. 
Is in Morrison, on nortli Aide of i'oundation, near uortlieaRl 

comer of U. Brinkhotte.rrt Jt ("o.'m ^ruin eh'vator standing 

on muith aide of trat^k, al>out I.'iO fet^t we^t of depot ; liein;; 

the bottom surface of a square cavity, nuirked U._ S. 

H.'^M. 
Is 4, S93 fiaet above Morriann. on wr\st wall of o]»en culvert 

over wagon road, on second ccuirHi' of masonry from to]i, 

aonth side of Miiwouri I'acilic trnek : bein<r liiirhent point 

in square, 20 inchea fVom Houth comer and li incliea 

fVom east face of atone. 
Is 1} milea above Morrison, 1,427 feet ai>ove miIe]Nist 04, at 

west end of only barnapotof blulf in vieinity. on idulf 

side of track, 13 feet from center and ulxiut 3 feet aliove 

ffrade; being center of puncli mark in copper Ixdt leiHled 

horizontally into natural ledge. 
Is 2| miles aoove Morrinon. 1, ri42 ft^et l»e1ow milepoHt O.'t, 

50 feet west of l>ridge " III " over road, at south i'vAicfi of 

Miasouri Pacific right of way, 21 feet fnun center of tnick. 

atfootof bluff, on west side of coulee; iM-in^ copper ImiM 

In B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 83 

Is2i miles above MorriiMiu, 1..'i97 fi-et Ih'Iow milepoHt 9r>, 

on south end of east al»itmcnt of small briii;;e "HI'' over 

iwid; being highest ]Mdut in aciuare on U^]} atone of win<; 

wall. 
Is 4^ miles 1>olow Chamoia. 3. 2'2>i I'e. t )>eluw mile post W, 

Missouri Pacific Kwy., on east end of .•^outli wall of Htunt; 

arch cnlvert, being hi ^liest point iu aqiiaro. 
Is 3 miles below Chamoia, 1V5 U-n't Wlow lower head l>]o<-k 

of Portage aiding, MiHsourl Pacitlc Rwy in center of 

stone at north end of weat abutment of bridge "I**; being 

bigheat point in square marked U. [ j S. 
la 2|miloa 1>elow Chamois. 27.') feet alH>ve upper ht^d hW-k 

ofPortago aidiuf^, 15 fi-et below .«mall bridge, ou blntf 

side of track, 45 toet from the center ;b<ii]ig copper l>olt in 

B. M. stone. 
OverP.B.M.84. 



I 



I 



3.I.WJ47 113.730 



34.i»822 111.819 



3fi. TiCSS 110.078 



:!i5.30!K) no. 12') 



37. 54. 'iS 
:'.ti.4102 . 



35. 19.'.^ 



35..') 140 I 



123.183 
110.477 



ll."».173 
116.510 



34.8114 I 114.211 



I 



I 



SCOiM . US.ST< 



*^f*H 



4102 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 
Descriptions and elevations of precise level bench marks, etc, — Contiuued. 



Nnmber. 



T.B.M.157 



T. B. M. 158 



P. B. M. 83 



P. B. M. 8C— V 
ClininoJH. 



Top of cap 

U.S.C.S.B.M. ()3 



T. B. M. 160. = old 
K. R. B. M. 



P. B. M. 87 



Top of cap . 
T. K, M. HJl 



P. B. M.88 



P. I'..M.80. -oMB. 
M.U. 



T. B. ^r. 103 



T. «.M.ir>4 



BeBoription. 



I 



P.B. \f.'J'.)-Y. 
St. AuhiTt. 



Top of cap 

U.S.(;.S. H.M.XX 



In on rif^lit hank, 1}^ miles below Chamois, Onage Connty, 
M(»., ItiM) ftM*t above milo.post 08, MiHsourl Pacific Kwy., 
8r> fe<'t abovo ni)i;nboaru marked "Port-ii^e 1 mile," on 
bliif}' Hide of track, 12 feet from cuntcr and 3 feet above 
erade. It is 246 feet below upper end of side hill oat; 
bein;; hi^hent point in square cut on projecting point of 
natural 1cdf;o. 

Is 2 mile below Chamois depot, 410 feet above roa<l crosaing, 
60 feet above milepo.st 99, 70 ftH^t below sign marked 
"Yard Limit's," on extreme north end of weat abutment 
of small bridge, 2 feet from north edge of stone, 2U feet 
from center of track ; being highest point in square, cut 
on masonrv. 

Is in Chamois, in south end of stone doorstep at east door 
of saloon on soutfiwest corner of Maine and Pacific 
streets; being top of copper bolt loaded vertically. 

Is in Chamois, 5U feet north of railroad station, in south- 
west corner of lot to brick residence owned by William 
Cochran, on east side of Main street; being copi>er bolt 
in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M.80 

Is in Chamois, on stone doorstep at side door of two-story 
brick saloon on northwest comer of Maine and Pacific 
street H; being bottom surface of square cavity marked 

B. J^'M. 

Ch 
1888. 

Is 2 miles above Chamois, 480 feet below mile))ost 102, at 
north end of east abutment of bridge "K;" being high- 
est i)oint in square formed on angle of cross and marked 

B.^M. 

Is li miles bolow Deer Creek, 3 milc^ above Chamois, on lower 
siiieof coultM', 20 f(^t from foot of bin If, .'J5 feet from center 
of track, in angle of fence forme<l by right-of-way fence 
turning south over blufi'; being copper bolt in' B. M. 
stone. 

OvcrP. B.M.87 

Is 3H feet west of P. B. M. 87 ; being highest i>oint in square 
cut on large st<»no. 

Is a)M)ut :4 niiles above (-hamoiH Depot. 1 mile Ixdow Deer 
Cn*ek, oi)jK»««ito center of Inrye conU'e 200 feet above log 
house 'Joo tV-i-t southofrailr(>ad,onnortlHMidof west abut- 
ment of Hnijill bridge over road, on fourth course of stone 
below bridge seat ; being top of copper l)oll leaded verti- 
cally- 

Ik 11 iiiile8belowSt.AnbertStati<m Depot. on south end of east 
abutment of bridge over Deer Creek, at h)wersideof wide 
i-<»iil(e:beiiig horizontal furrow in cop])er bolt leaded hori- 
/»ii::ill> into first course of masonry below bridge seat 
ei»nis»'. 

Is li iiiih-s Im1«»\v St. Aiibert Station Depot, on south end of 
east abutment vi' iron bridire over l)e«tr Creek, at lower 
side of wido couK«e; being highest jyoint in souare cut on 
end projecting stone on course next above iiridgo seat 
course. 

Is g mile below St. Aubert Station Depot 23.') fe<^t below 
head-hl«M'k of siding, bluff side of Mis.souri Pa<'itic track, 
I'l feet from center; being highest point in square on pro- 
jecting ItMlne. 

Is in St. Aubert, on northwest corner of Main and Morrow 
streets, inside offence, 300 feet from depot; being copper 
bolt in n. M. stone. 

Over I*. H. M.IX) 



Is in St. Aubert, on south end of east ahntm<"nt of bridge 
No. !.'■'> ; l>eing bottom surface of square cavity marked 



P. H. M.Ol 

.Slii|»h!y Landin;^' 



Toj» <.r cap . 
T. B. M.167 



r 

B. 



I I 



S. 
M. 



Is at Shipley Landing, 250 feet Indow bridge 27, at foot of 
west cHfl of bluff ea.st sideof coulee, at fencecomer, U f eet 

t 



T. B. M. 1C8 



inside of right of wav; being c«)p]>er iKilt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. ^f . »! '. 

Is at Shipley Landin*;, H miles Ih'Iow Isbell on north end of 
east abutment of bridge No. 27; being highest point in 
square marked I'.r.'S. 

Is 1,800 feet below esist end of Loose Creek Bridge, at upper 
end (»f first cut below bridge, bltitf side of tnick. 10 iWt 
from center and 2 feet above grsde; being highest point 
in square cut on ]irojecting point of ledge, with letters 
*'U. S." cut on vertical face below the bench. 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



88.3090 



36.1642 



Feet. 



125.984 



118.650 



87.8772 



124.270 



35.5654 116.685 



36.8083 ! 120.763 
37.3705 122.628 



37.0337 



37.5224 



12L503 



123.106 



38. 7CC3 ! 127. 187 
38.0854 ! 127. W6 



36.2349 



35. 4122 



30.4401 



38.6002 120.64 



118.683 



116L 



119.55S- 



38.6324 



39.8744 



126.7 



130.8: 



38. 1499 135. 1 




37.9814 



39.2200 
30..'K}ti9 



40.5924 



124.6! 



128. 
129.61 



133. ir 



A.Vl>ENniX ZZ — REPORT OF MLS<OriM KTVKR COMMISSIOX. 41(KJ 
Dwmptiona and elevations ofpredvc hnl btnch markSj vie. — Coutinucd. 



Niiiulitr. 



DoBcriplion. 



Elevation. 



r. S. C. S. B. M. i 
"XX n tiostruved. 



PR. M.a2=VIs- 

bfll. ^ 



Top (if can 

f.iJ. M.W 



T.B. M.1C9 



T.n. M.170 1 



T- «■ il. 17K-OM 



^' » M. J 



■'v ••••....' 



Tfip of 



'•''•Jr. in 

'■»-M.„^ 



T* "* 



* ^^- R. M. 



To 



T»of 



t.'y'V'^P 

• J". HI. 
\.^;M. 177^ old 



^M. 



9C. 



B. M. 179. 



ill J&a BT> «...., 



T« l.WO feot Im'Iow ImIx-II Doimr. tin north muI of r*;ist nlmt- 
iiiriit of ii"«»ii hrMijo ov»t Louso Cinl;. '_' iV-i*! hum \Mst 
fiici^ and 6 iiictu'M front iionli wA ol' .-'.initnKUt; bcinj; 
bottomaiirfarcofHoiian.' cavity marked V ... S. 

IJ.' M. 

In at Tsl»*!ll, 295 feet below renter of di'jwt, .'loO feet above 
ruuway to stock yards, blittl hidu of trnck, 35 feet fnun 
center, IJ feet north of riKhi-ol- w.ay fence; being eojipor 
iMtlt in H. y\.. Htonc. 

OverT. K. M l>j 

Ih at Isbi-U, 16o fectalM)vc deiwit, C<) feel alM>ve h>w«;r end o\' 
cut. 15 feet aliove head bloek of siilin;;, bliiU'side MiHsoiiii 
Paeitic trark, 11.4 feet from center and :< fei't above ;j:rade ; 
bein^ cester of puueh mark in eoi>per bolt h-adt^d hoii- 
Kontally into nuturHi letli^e. 

Ih at Inbell, 165 feet above west end of (loj>ot, 00 feet above 
lower end of cut, 15 feet above h«'ad bl«»ek of hidinii m\\ 
bluirnide of Missouri I'acitie tra<'k. lO.S fe<'i from oniter; 
beiui; bi);het>t p(»iut in souarc eut ou natural ]ef]<rr at 
about Ibe elevation of uraue. 

Im I mile aimvo IrImiU l)epot. -15 feet beh»w bare face of 
le<lgi', l.o.'W feet ai>«ive Hi:in "Station one mile." on bliilf 
side of track, U.5 fwt fri»ni center: beinp bi«:b<'>t ]>oint in 
Hquare cut ou i^dut of projecting ledye, li fi-^-t above 
^rade and marked I'.rT.S. 

Irt about '111 miles below Honnot.s Mill, on northwest ronier 
of eant abutment of small briiiue o]i])o-itH i-i-iit* r of cou- 
lee: iMMn;^ bi;;hest point in Hi{uare formed on <outh-oaMt 
ann:lu of rroM.H and marki'd IV '•;' M. 

In \l milcH below Boniiot« Mill l)i pot, at upper Hide of cou- 
lee, blutf Hide of MiBAoiiri racilio track, <^>0 fet't from 
renter. 30 \\h>i above briil;,'e ''X,' nn top of ]»ro.i««tiiii:; 
ridge. 'Jo feet Routb id' Houth right-of-way fence : being 
copper lv»lt in B. M. ntoue. 

Overr. It. M. 1)4 

Is in ttame bK-nlity an I*. I{. M. Oi, on south end of wi-.-.t 
abutment to bridge "N^" at u|»p«"r >ide of »'oul«''C: beinii 
bighoMt point in nquarecut on tiiird course «if <(t<uie friMn 
top. 

Is ^ mileglielow Bonnots Mill Depot, on river si(b» of Mis- 
Bouvi racitic track. 11 leet from center. In a MUiall tlior- 
oiigh cut; lioii.g highest point, in si[uai-e cut on iiiib«^ddi-d 
8tone. 

Is at IVmuot-^ Mill. 65 feet east of door of depot and 10 fi* t 
fHMitU (d' center of Hiding; beinu lii-jlii'Ht ]»oint in >iju.iro 
cut on top of foundutitm at noithcant i orner of w.jr«- 
hou»«*. 

Is at Bonnots Mill, 02 feet .M(mf h of railroad tra«k, at n«»rf li 
west corner of brick store owmd by Mrs. L. iSounot ; 1>«- 
inK biittoni surface of souare «-avit\ cut in t^ip of wwier 
table, wbicli ismarketl U. S. M. M. 

l\ 

Is in Bonnots Mill, on south end of east abutment to brlilL'e 
No. ''1'.": lieing htii!ie«t jMUiit in srpiaro I'ormcil on ,inL;le 
ofcnj.«i!*, marked B. "^ M. 

Is in Bounot.M Mill. 70o feet west of station, 21o tVet. wi'^f ..t 
bridge Xo. ''P,"45 feel above mijl :nid on o]»po.site hidi- 
of tnick, on linf with north right of uay fiiue; b«ing 
copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over r. B. M. 05 

Ih 2} miles below east end of Osaue Hriil::!'. on northwi-t. 
stone colnnm tobridgeXo. "JiJo^er Kvan.-* Cn ek, .Mi-':*onri 
Pacific Kail way. biing hi;;li« -^t iioini in base of "V "cut on 
southwest c<»rner of i-apstone. 

Is near T. B. M. 17M, in column at u«)rlli"*a8r corner of 
bridire No. 2th being high«-Ht p«>int. in A<^uan« cut. <ui 
n<»rthe:ist corner of eaii.stoiie. and m:irked I . > s. 

Is l^milesabove Honiiots ^Idl. 815 feet abo\e briil<;e No. 
29. 250 feet alwve point of blutf. on bluif ^'u\o of tra'k, 
0.2 feet from center and 2 teet ;«bi»vr graib.-: being ecnter 
of ]>unch mark in co]iper brdt leaded horiyontally. 

Is 2^ miles beh»w east eu«l of Osaiie Hridge. 21>5 leet abo\o 
milopost 114, on downstream abutment of small bridge 
on end of second cotir^e of stone from t<»j> next to ri\ i r. 
14 feet from ceiil^-r of track ; being highest. i»oint in ,-quarc 
marked IT. S. 

Is IX miles below Osjige ^'ity. 45 ft-et below bridge "IV" on 
bluir side of Missouri Paeilic track, A'.\ feet from center. 'A 
feet outside of right of way fence; being copper bolt in 
B.M. ttoB*. 



MctA?rs. 



:J8. 471)1 



I'eet. 



120. 240 



3.'). 7974 117.446 



.'^7.01119 ! 121.49.T 
41. 14C.0 , i:i4. 'jTd 



40. :)jr2 . i:r2..r>4 

I 

I 
I 

I 

41.S22S i:i7.215 

I 

I 

i 

no. rUOO : r>.27'.) 



I :;7. leJ4 IJI.TJS 



:<.<:'.r;7S , iL-.V7.si 
:;s. 'ji;;s» i-r>. .C'> 



40. ir.02 i:;i.72S 



40. 391 1 132. 518 



42. 2442 ins. 508 



39. SI 37 130.023 



I 



.'JO. 1777 118.094 



37.4107 122.7.'9 
39. i^558 . 13u.7»;i 



39.8790 I 130. P 10 



41.12.'.5 ' i:54.927 



.39.2.:."iS , 12H.72S 



,38.2."Gi» 125.513 



I 



4104 RKPORT OF TlIK CIJIKF OV ENriJXEKU.S, U. S. ARMY. 
DcstriplkonH and ckratiottn of ptrdsc level bench marka, etc. — Coutiniiod. 



lsnml)or. 



Top of cap 

T. B. M. 180 n.ld 
It. R. 15. M. 



1 • !)• ^ll< VOa •••••••< 



T. R. M. 182 — old 
11. R. R. M. 

0.sa^e City. 



Description. 



Top of (>ap 

V. S. (;. S. R. M. 
XXiV. 



T.** I^ mill's Ik-Iuw O**:!;;!' City, on inirtli end <if ("ast abiit- 
innit of Ih'uIho "R," Miss«niri pju'ili«: l^wilway: hehifz 
Inglit'st jtoiiir iu nqiiare t'oiiit«Ml on om« aiij;lu*of cross 

I'. '.^, 

Is at Osajic ('ity. on north end of east abutmc^nt of iron 
railroiid brid::e over then.snjjf River, l(t inches from north 
end and (Hnchert from \V(>.sl face of nbntnieut; being top 
of <'opi^or boltli-ad»-<l vertically into cnpini;. 

Is on south end of east abntiueiitiif inni lirid^e over Osa^ro 
Jiiver; bointf hiirl'cst point at extreme southest comer of 
copiu;j sl.onc. and marked [^ ]i. M. 

Is ill Osajre City, <K) feet below depot, on Hne with north 
side of H.inie.'on line of fence running east from depot, 12 
feet south of <-enler of sidinjr. r>r> feet above west end of 
ice house; beiii;{ copper b<dt in R. M. stone. 

OverR r.. M.on 

Is in *?s!i.:ie (Mly. on north side of railroad track, in front 
of IJusxiers nr»tel,at south went corn«T of fn»nt d(K»r vard 
and on line wit.h west side of hoii.st^ 1 f«M)t north of fence 
line; beiiii; bottom snrfaco of sipian^ cavity cut into top 
face of stone monument fl inches sqn:in*. and T>roJecting 
al)uve irroiind abiuit J iiiciies. and marked r-r-i^* 

Is in Osaije City on Avest side of iipjier water tank, on top 
of Willi. ne;ir middle, forniin-i 'oundaliou for tank, and S.8 
feet from ihe south siile oJ'lh<'tank: beiu^biichest |>ului 
in square. 

Is I: mile above OMajie <"'ity, on east abutment of small 
bi"icl;;e. H inchi's Inun face of abutment and 3 ftM-t fnmi 
niu'thend; bein^ hi^rhest point in square formed ou one 

ani:le of cross marked R. li+-M. 

Is aliiMit 1,': miles aiiove Osair*^ City. 'J«i2 feet below post 

iiiaiki'd 'OnriMil«» to st.'ition." on blnlf side t»f tva<'k. 5 feet 

insid*' of rijrhT of way; l>eing top of spike in north riMit of 

a "Jfimt 1)1, ilk o,ik. 
Is '^ miles ai)ove Osaiie City, at southwe.st eorner of we.Ht 

ahuliiient of brid;ie aeross Itisin;; ('re<^k; being bottom 

U. S. 

surface of sc^uare cavitv, I inch square, marked C 

R. M. 
Is at upper enil of T. S. l)o:tt y.iid. at west end of pond. lUU 

feet east of norlh'-ast corner <if field, on line of prolonifa- 

tion of south r«);id fence and about 4iM) feet from river; 

bein;; copiMT bolt in IJ. M. stone. 

OverR. H. M. KiO 

Is :r> fe< t Avest of I*. It. M. 100; beiu;; top of spike in west 

r<»otc>f a *_' Soot walnut. 
Is five-eii^hthsof :i mile below Rwin;; Station, 918 feetaliove 

bridiif over Ilj>ii!;i Creek. HI fe<'i above inile-post 119, on 

river sjrle of traik. 'jn fei-l o-.iKide of right of way; being 

to]i of s). ike in a 'Jfoot IdaeU oak. 
Is '.»:;.') leet bel'iv. upper head bi<tek at Ewin^js Sidinj?. 055 

feet bej<i\\ norlh undsourli lane. 125 feet below center 

lie;id block. <i feet, sourh of .soath fiiice <i(' lain* runnin.!; 

ahm:; south of track; iKMUg tojiof si)ike in a'J^-fout white 

oak. 
Is on north end of eiist abutment of railroad bridge over 

^yI(U(au River; being lM)t<oni s'uface of square cavity cut 

r. S. 

in capstone and marked 

IJ. M. 
Is at eiixl end of Mif»sf>uri Paeific tunnel. :;.^ mih*s below 

di li'M'.-iiii Cit\ depiit. on soiitii siil • id* ^lissuuri Racilic 

traik and i feet :il)ove rail: being cent<'rof imm Ii mark in 

eopper boll leade"! li«»ri/onti;lly into natiiral h-di,e. 
Is '.',\ miles b» low .lefjersitii Ci1yilen<!t, «>r>ii feet above month 

<d'Mi-s(iuri i'a. illf tuni.il, al lower cml <d" hIiim I cut. on 

south sid*' id' .Mi-^.o'iii Paeitic track Mi) feit from eeiHer. 

*J.>!* ft «t Ix-low small opi'U >tone culvert ; being eopper bolt 

in 15. M. stone. 

OverR. l\. .Nf. loi! 

Is .Sjl; mill's liel'i-.. .ie!i(r.:on CitN depot. ^.'S^'^ fe«*t above tiin- 
I Tiel. al lower e el ot vi'l'-iiiil fit. on bbitrsiil- of ?d i *.«onri 

Taciti*' tra<k I.'i lei i iVom center; t)t'ii!.i highest point in 
I square cut «in ii: tiii-il li-tli:e. 

T. R. M. 191 j Is:*.', mill's below .leilir^on t'liy. on north emlofeast ahnt- 

I nient of bridge Xo. P.^, Ik feet fnnn both end and side of 
I stone; being highest point in (square marked U. (J S. 



Elevation. 



Meters. K«*r. 



T. R. M. 183... 



T.R. M. 184, old R. 
R. R. M. 



T. R. Al. 1 B5 ........ 



V. s. c. s. n. :ar. 
x.vv. 



p. p.. M. 100 - V. 
Kwings Landing. 



To]) of can 

T. P.. .M. 1.S0 

T. 1?. M.1H7 



T. R. M. 138 



. I 



r. s. c. s. w. M. 

XXVI. 
Monau Rivir. 



P. P.M. 101 



P.R.M.102 



Top of cap 

r. h. al. I'.tO 



3:i. 4077 
:i9. 6918 



40. 5373 



40.5427 



1-J!». .V7 
13u.::jl 



132.998 



133.015 



40.9451 I 134. 33G 



42.1.St2 133.401 
40.5035 '. 13J.182 



42.4-152 ' 139.257 



44. 1C98 



114.915 



42. 1737 I i:i9. 351 



43.7GG9 ' 143.503 



39. 1271 



40.3713 
40.U1U0 



128.371 



132.453 
i:jl.2.'>7 



I 



44. IGld i 144. 889 



47. 5310 



l>2.0857 



51. 0378 



47. 9C77 



49.2018 I 
48.0473 ! 



15.'>. 913 



170. 886 



1G7.448 



157.370 



IBl. 434 
157. «37 



I 
43.5326 i 142. 82B 



i 



APPKNDIX ZZ — liill'iiliT iiK MLS 

J>e"-riiiHaiil aud Kliraliuun iij' jiri-iiM 



il'Ur l;lVKIi fi>MMIs; 






I'. 11. U. IKI t» 1} mil.-. l»-i..w.l,-lf. r.in iltv, -.-J-i 

Hiwn-T.II.M.nr.'UI.HMli.t.:!! la 
' ini D ]il;;li Ih^ii-Ii if !:n.iii>.l. X, K'.-i 

iiurl'h'»r Miiirh i^ifhi ur wm fi-ii.-.-t 

rol. nf rap ! OvwIMt. 11.1113 

r. II. M, \:t3- (llil Ii.ucJvlT.'twiBl'iiy. nlKHilT.<.i>»ni't I 



{. It. ». ' f*utllM0f«MlHM»«..1l i.r. 1 .'»|. 

I ortliawitnt^LMilrii.:.'.' 1. ui..iiii.lv 

, IliF (in.1 iBrliiip .if the (..ji a-.-.iiw.- ..f i 
Mm .iirruw ..f ii «.,..i.r.. -avjii .».m.|',.ii 

1 17. S. 

I narknd U. ^G <•■ S. 

I 11.31 . 

i. n. M. 1« in .Tnffcnu.n Citv, xl th'> ii.irni.-:nl 
.it.,1. I bnlli^iii.-. ontli ia<.M>' I.r Km- •".- 

' from h« i:r..nn.]. lU i.^'iv- Ifn.! .-..n."! 



.1 iRinJtrll 



111 til.' soul Ii.'li 



i;;iii;:e It. M. :;uU. 

Lon-iTKansH 

T. n. M. MO 



T. M.201.- OlilB. 
SI. BO in. unilj;* 
B. M. k E 



■pltol, on 









PI pjii'i 






iHinic boriuitilKl (art.m in ii.iiih'i lii.ll. 
la 111 J.in-orM.11 I'i1.v. jii.i j._lii>y.. lii.' v...| .1.!.' ,.f i-.i].!:..! . 

So. 3H). on nurthfwt cinHT i>r wiii.; whil. .'ii norlli mA,' 
Df tTBDk; Iwfn;: higl.rai iHili.t In r-inurv I'lil In li>|< .>f 

la iu .I^nV'THKti ('ilr lii miiiik! rnlvrt m. T. I'.. M. llfii. :ii:r- 

fuutof airh un r- r.ii-i- ..f .'1111.11 V'.! riinl M..A iW 

ciil-ililiirnlDr iunof nick. 
TuJufflRWi dlv.iaiit -d1v<>i1 w1i.mT.lt.M.lKi»ii.lT.ll. 

H. lUBin locstsa Ix-liitf ii unit uiiii<»> lii ikhiti'i.U'IIiI'iiii 

clerollOn of * *ft->. 
UlnJoltanaBCilr ulTiiii™ fi-rry I.an.iina ii|<ii.i.-il" W. ■ 

j«inthweBti!>.r(i*fO v',ur.;li.iii'-«'-..'r 'llh-'liiill.' M'lmii" i'.". 

on lulnrd Inleo. 
IsSHirT. B. 11. 200, im fci iv.-t .if Il-ill.> llillin- r..... 



4106 RErORT OF Tin: CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 
Descrijttiona and elexmtions of precise level bench marks, etc, — Cuntiuiied. 



^ 



Number. 



T. B. M. 205. 
T. B. M. 20G. 



T. B. M. 207. old U. 

11. B. M. 
GrajH Cn'<jk. 
P.B.M.110.r.=i,^... 



Top nf o.ip 

T. JJ. ^r. "JOS 

T.B.M.209 , 

T.B. ^r.2n 

r.B.M.in 



Upper gauge 

P.B. M. 107=*ift. 



Top of cap 

T. B. il. 202 

P. B. M. 108 

T«i)of cap 

T. B. M.20y -Old 
B. M. 

T. B. M. 204 

P. B. M. 109 



DcBcription. 



P.B.M.112 



Top of rnp 

P.B. M.iiy.-^-f. 



Top of rap 

T. B. M.21G 

T. B. M. 218 

Stuulcy'a Landiiij^. 



In Tefforson City, is just above T. B. M. 201 P. H., which is 
an iiurlincMl ^n^u^e, clevntiou of itH zero. 

In in JelfiTHon City, in thn east corner of the fourth blo<-k 
above Capitol Scpiare, opposite th(* Fcrrv Landini^nnd 280 
feet from the river, juat below Lemp's St. Louia Beer 
depot; Inang copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 107. 

I8 282 feet we«t of city limit of Jeffcraon fity, 60 feet be- 
low cast end of pump hoiine of watorwoVkfl. 27.'i feet 
above »ign, "JeffemoM City, one mile," 100 feet above 
head block of aiding, and 6 iWt aoutli from center of aid* 
ing; boin<i; Hqiniro in point of ledge 1 foot above grade.. 

Ih 2| miles above depot at Jefferson City, 197 feet below 
Alissouvi Pacific stone culvert, at point'of bliifi* on lower 
aide ol coulee, on right of way at south fence, 'i5 feet 
south of C4'iiter of track ; being copper bolt in B. ll. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 108. • 

Is on lower abutment of same culvert with T. B. M. 204, on 
north end at side of top course of stone ; beiug southeast 
an<>le of cross. 

Is on south end of stone culvert arched with brick, 197 feet 
abovo P. B. M. 108 on south end of culvert, on point of 
cap stone, being highest pciint in aqusire marked U. Q S. 

Is 5 mile lielow (Jrav's Creek, !.'>(» feet above upper end of 
long tangent above Jefferson rii v, J^O feet above telegraph 
pole bearinc: mile sign 128, 12.5 feet fi-oni t rack center, 4l»2 
feet below largo rocks at upper end of riprap bank, 45 
feet behiw a triangulation i>oint. 4 fe<!t above ^ound 
and 1^ feet above" ^rade of track; being ceut^er of puuch 
mark in eo))per bolt lc«:ided into vertical face of ledgti. 

Is directly umler P. B. M. 109, on bluff side of track 12 feet 
from c+'nter, 1^ feet 1m?1ow grade, on natural ledge; being 
highest point m square. 

Is on lino of MiHHouii Pacific JJailway, 410 feet below 
mouth of (Jray's Creek, ir)0 foot lielow whistle post, 15 
fe*it ])el<)w stone dniin under trark, on Mutl' side, 10 fttet 
from center and 1 f«Mit Ix-low gra<le: beinj: nquare on 
point of l«Mli,'e marked U. S. on fare of i-ofk just above. 

Is on w«'«t abutint'iit of inm bridge across tlray's Creek, on 
downstream side of abutment: being highest iK)int in 
square. 

Is about 2 miles above Jefferson City, l,lGr» feet N. 87° 30' 
W. (mng.) of west end of Missouri Paritic bridge over 
(Irav'a ('reek, about H8 feet below gate to pasture at foot 
of bliitf, on north side of wation road in tield, 10 feet from 
fence; beinir copper bolt in B. M. stoue. 

Over P. B. M. 110 

Is 23 feet b«l«>w I*. B. M. 110, on nortli side of wagon rojid 
in fielil, 10 I'oet from fence; being spike in north root of a 
lone sycamore. 

Is 4.2G0 f«'«t abn\e mouth of Oray's Cre^-k, on right bank of 
slouch, atrocliy ]»ointof b]nil'])ro,jeetin>: into sh)ugh about 
on eentcr of main i)t)int of expnsi'd ledg<- on upper side; 
bein>; square lui natural ledge 18 inches back from upper 
quarter of break. 

Is (K) fi'i-t below 1*. B. M. 112. on natural ledge at base of 
rock point ; being hiKhest point in square marked U. D S. 

IsOStert bi'low I*. B. M. 112, 2J H-et above surface of ground 
on nortli fare of IdulV; being center of punch mark in cop- 
per bolt lea«lid horizontally. 

Is about 2* uiili's above mouth of Gray's Creek, where ex- 
trenu* east roatl crossing bottom north and south opposite 
Cla>svilli« reaches bluff, on south side of wagon road, 144 
feet west of gat** and 2Sr» feet east of Canaan Cole's house, 
at lo«it of bluff, I foot from vertical ledge ; being coppi»r 
holt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 112 

Is at foot of blutf opposite Clavsvilli', at west fence of sect ion 
line road l.et%veen Sees. 10 and 2o. T.45, K, 12 W., 1 172 
fciri south of northeast rorner v( section 19, on land ot V. 
Martin, 110 Hwt south of ;,'ate where road enters ]»asture, 
10 fi'ct west of wagon ukh\\ being copi>er bolt in B. M. 
stone. 

Over P. B. M. li:i 

Is 40 fert north of V. B. M, 11?.. iV2 feet south of gate where 
road ••nfers ]);isture by road>id«>: being spike in north 
ro<»t of a 1«» iucli hickory. 

Is (m5 lr<-t ab«;ve Stanley's I,;indin;r. at foot (ifblulV directly 
aero.ss road from a 3-fiK)t elm at side of road; being higli- 
est point in square cut on nick. 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



+0. 0678 
42. 6136 



43. 8514 
44.7230 



42. 4416 



43.6804 
42.9630 



Foet. 



-fO.222 
139. 810 



143.871 
146. 730 



139. 243 



143. 310 
140.956 



43.4774 ■ 142. eu 



45. 6648 149. 820 



44.7409 146.780 

I 

44. 8486 , 147. 142 



43.6910 143.346 
45.7789' 150.195 



I 



47.0217 . 154.272 
40.6013 152.803 



38.8840 I 127.573 



42.4825 ! 139.379 
43. 2028 141. 743 



41.6072 



42.8447 
45.5580 



136.508 



140.568 
149.470 



46.7968 I 153.534 
43.8972 ' 144.021 



42.9647 ; 140.962 



APPKNDIX ZZ KEPOUT OF MISSOlMil KTVKK COMMISSION. 41()7 

DeacriptioHS and cUvat Ions of prec'mc hnl hinch marlH, itr. --('on(inui«l. 



>rnniV»rr. 



DfHrrlptiim. 



T. 15. M.Jiy 



IMi.M. 114 

Suiiai* Lcr.if Itork. 



P.IJ.M. 115 



Top* if cap.. 
T. 1'.. M.i'J'J. 

T.I?. M. 222. 
T. B. M. 22:: 



P. R. M. IIG 
Hull Kuck. 



P.IJ.M. 117 

TrtPof I'.'ip 

T. kM.22l 

T. IJ. M.2-26 

T. IJ.M.227 

T. K. M.2J8 



P. R M. IIS" 
M.irioQ. 



St 



7 op of rap 

T. h. M.J29... 

P. H. M. 110.... 



T. B.M.2riO 

T.B.M.2:!2 

T.B.M.234 



N ? of a niilr nliii" •• Ih-.hI i.f Si:iiii. \ I-l.-in-I .urd l.::i) fi>»f 

ln'l««\V !1 \« I ;. l."!!'.;!' VI I ii' . 1 !«•• K ^I.H!.!l'i; n'l - jiji- tif Mil tf 

unriMTi /'!v: l»---iiiv: :i .•■.;•".•• in r« •■in* ;i' t lni. 

Im at SiijL'iir LiihI K<N'k. wim ii -^liiinU im iii<- -.licdi ihrliliitT 
nbniit oO ft!<M f^^lIll•i^^•| I'.'tiik: ii in in ilic iiMriln'.'ist ta«-o 
of tho ror.k. 7 U-tX alM»\e tin- It'Vfl nt a IhihIi Ic-low rork. 
aiifl 2 ifi't ;iln'V«' ;:roiiiiil at I. Mr «i{" r.nk : li»iiiii ri-iitrr of 
piiiicli mark in riijipf-r Iml; Ii-.-hIciI Im! i/oi.t.i!ly. 

Th 4^ Tiiili-N IhIow Marinn. .Mf> . 'jj wiU-^ ImIow Iiiill K'nrk. 
i mill* alM»M' Miliar I.«.:.r I!<i«k hj fnt hack from riMuat 
UMMithof xiiiall laviii*-, 24 iVct la^ilol lii-d of .siiiall Kiifani. 
iM'iiiir «'«»pp«-r holt ill Ii .M. stoin», 

O ver I » . 1 { . .M . 1 1 :. 

!» vi-ry iHMv I*. 1!. M. ll'i: hfiug hiuhcMt jM.int in 8ipiart< 
nit <in projrv tiiiji poinl of natuial l»il;i«-. 

Irt 1 inile Im'Iow l.iiil Koi U. li inili-^ alMivr .Sn-i.jr Loaf lien'*. 
1,47.") fiM-t ao'ivr iHMUlh oi* Mi-ailow Ciiik. r>i U>\ h.u-k 
fn»in riviT liai'k; ln-iiiu topof ••p!..c in pmt of \r im-h i-lni. 

Is 3 mile lu'ldw Hull IJock. on u]ip> r oni* <»f tlnvi' lai: «• i-oii- 
Hpicuuus roi'k.son huiik (th< ouI,\ oium ii-':>i-) : 'minu hijiii- 
I'Ht p(»iiit ill j-quaro cut on ijiiflhwt""T. ronnr. inarki-d 
U CJ s. 

Is in woiit fare nf Hcill IJork. a vrry pnuniiicnf piiiiia'-li* 
ronk.aoliiit '»0 f "Ot lii;;!:, at t^t\-^t' o! w.itiT. 10 f« « t iiorili o[" 
<<I^r t»f bluff, ]i:'t ttM't aboM" ion;; narrow .-lioniilt'r. iipi<n 
wLich in T. IJ. M. 22*. and l.'i fiii bcijiv. -.o:-!!! md of ihm- 
ji'i'tiiig rid'4i« of rork: brini; <mmi1i r ol puach luai'l. in 
ropju'V bi'lt. (This nn-k i*« iH' « i ir<tly calltMl "Siijiiar I.o.if 
Ii'ock " mi map. survey of J.-'7.-:.' 

Th 40 t't:t^t Vfi'At of wi'8t fju»' id' iJtiil llork. r)n top (d"b»'nil» 2") 
f«'ft nortli and 'JO fiM-t wvM of fool cd" ujipt-r ?*bipr: lii-in;: 
copper bolt- in 1>. M. ntone. 

Over P. R. AI. 117 

1« 2j miles bnl<iw Maii-m. on v.i-*it .-[(If of T.::ll Jj«)ck. at 
about the elevation of hi.uli w.iM-r: beinu ]'i'^!n •<[ |'«'int in 
Rquan- rut on Kliouldi r of roi-k ntu\ mail't'd \' . s. 

In 2* mileftbebiw ^I.iijoii. h nillo ai ovi- li'dl IIoiN. at jmint 
of Idiifl". on upl>- r «'ine of'hi'vt i.il lari;e ll.it pii f-< of imU 
lyin.i; on tin* b.n:k at an i!ni.'b' i>f about li> with tl-** h<i:i- 
/ontiil; lieint; hiL;b<'>it point in s.piare rut at about the 
tenter (»f the to)i .Hurfa« «*or r«"k. 

Im 1^ miles btrlow Marion. U inih-s ahii\ r I.mII I^oiK. (.'•',) fnt 
bi-jow njiUitli id" Mud (Jill I». o.. ri\»r idi' of u. -.ioii ro.i-1. 
lit low«.*rKid»'of eouli'e. at foot of li!u:;". In in-^ hi^hi-t point 
in 8ijuar»*eMt on ?»mall piojee.tin:; point of n.dural ii'd;ie. 

Is 1 mile bebjw Clarion, at iiionlh of .^aiall eo ilfi\ wlicn^ 
road turns up liluif. at foot of hhifi. wr.-t sidi« of road, 
opiM>'*it«j Mr. r»»nHbuu.*«i'n's hiiid; hiii!-.: ii.p of .sjiiko in 
root of stumpof Muirar niaph< r> f»Mt lii^l.-. 

Ir about 1,8»'0 feet belou' Marion. :UI fei-t v. t-;f of wi-.-^t fi-n.-o 
of wajron roail. on siuith siidi* of ereek. ]'* int iiom bank, 
on land owned b;. tiMiiics llirkinan aii.I abou' 4<it) tii-i iroin 
1ii8 hisu»t«; lii'in^ top of Kjdkfi in 2-fo<<t bur o.tk. 

Is in Marion, 47.') feet ironi riv»-r. in noubAi->.t 'orner of lot 
Xo. rjO. lieloiij;iu2 to 'I". W. (Jlenn. jii'^t ont^iih' nf \|r. 
(ilenn'rt yard. 4t» feet fmin bin liou-«\ at Muitb fi-iuf of 
rond ninnin^ back from Htoieat landing:, ubtof l.iiii> re.ns 
«i»iitli in front of Mr. (lleniiK liouir: hi in;: «opp.'r ijnii in 
H. .M . Htone. 

Over P. IJ. M.118 

In at landing: at Marion, at mouth of •<iiiull ravine in Iro'ii 
ofntore; bein^ top «if Npikf^ in north root of •_'.; inoi y-yea- 
more. 

Is 1.705 feet above mouth of .Htua'l raviin'i-t Clarion. M» I'l-ei 
above norlhwe.-'t eoi iter of p-«,ir':inl M-riical li'd;:»'. aiii! 
in the continuation of this le<'... •. ■'■ Inl :iho\e liivh watir 
mark: bein:;: center of punch ni.i.k in i-oppir boh leaded 
horizontally. 

Is at Marion.^n feet from u j«pcr end of v^-ri -''al ir-dt:e of rn- k 
at wat-er's f*deo, l,7o5fei.i abovo laM.liiiu;: bcin-,: h;.;hi -t 
point in squan' cut on oval bi.wl.jir in .\.it r. {'Ji.et p-mii 
water's edffo at Hta<ro. ID firt b* low biu'i .•■•iiir. 
Is 1 J miles aliovo Marion, at noiuli ..f .'.loiil an <'nek. on 
low«'ro:ieof txvolaru'* jiroji ttin;i rod-.- o\ iiiMii;iiiiu bank : 
btiinc liiuhe«!t point in .••«iu:'ri'. 
Isaliout 24 luileH above ^!.l:ion. o)-[io i;- H. .M. Miir:)h\'.<« 
sklrt'ferry over Moniteau t'!e»-:». 1; M.i'.i ■* ..'m-m- iis iie.;i.|.. 
20 feet ea.'*t from renter of ro.id l- .Hiiii«^ lo M.'.riou; beiuij 
top of spiko lu u ll-iuch box eldct. 



Kir vat ion. 
Mcti-m. I Fcrt. 

i::.:{:;22 142. ii}.-* 

I 

47. aJn:: I.'.:.. {♦••/< 



I 



n. 071- . ui.::i:; 



Jt .;ii!.ii ■ 1;.-. ::72 
■II. 7i:>- I :•!. ."00 

i::. I7i;r. uj. «;n 



•n.i:.i.-: r:r..i''24 



42.JI212 , 140.81'.* 



i 



48. 2i*.s:5 l.')-<..".iv_' 



411. .'.o.'n ]*'-2.l22 
4J 1(»7I . i::8. 14S 



4 1.1. ■.:!.-• l.'Ja.Oll 



4.T7l8i , ii:j.4nt 



4,').U4r.J> 147.7'.iO 



4:'.. SI 14 14:5.740 



I 

•t^.S^lH) ICO. .108 

I 
I 



f.O. 1207 ; 104.400 
IJ •-'.••.m; iju. "02 



14.«:i:»8 147.091 



•10. 41)7.1 : 1:52.571 



42. St 19 ■ ll«». r.50 



4r..:.;;72 i.'9.4o2 



;,-^ 



4108 KEl'UUT Ol'' THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. AKMV. 

DcecriptioHt and etevationa of precise Urcl bench marts, etc. — Continned. 



TaoDWPHtJiicloodMlid, noitrlv nppiwlte T. n, M. 2:14. GSfwt 
Hi.ith.ifBmnlJruvimion rielif liauli of MimltrTiii Crenk. 
SS teet above Murphj'a aliTff rerrj-, on fielil side of »lr<' 



<)rBrP.B,M.l» 

lBi>in<l»i abnvemnut.h of Moiillpau Cnvk nnd LHDtbet 
ewt fnnn aami-, at rrosn fenoo bctveon KasanwUsr'skDd 
BboTo mid Murplij-'H land Iw1o«f bt-ing lop ot Bpike in 

Ib nLout limllea below Sandy Hook LHndlng. gn C. P. 
RiKH'niiillDr'A land, | mile HDuth of bin taoiiu. So fi-et from 
foolof hluS lSreetl>^o« fence rnnning at right nnglea to 
bluff B(!|ia™iiOB pfHtnrBfrom field; hBing Hetoat point 
In aiiuim cm on tmb«ldsd rook and marked if. D S. 

Ts4 mfleaBboTP Marion, t niilci below Sand; Honk I^udlai;. 
on vatt. aide of Knclorv Croek, opiwslle T. B. M. Ti7. To 

being FBDter ofpancb mark in capper boltlESdet) hoci- 

la ; milKliplDw Sandy Hook Landlnc, 4TO feet below C. F. 
Roaenii.ller'a honse, on left bank ofFattorv Creek ; bring 
top of nplke in root of Z-faot aim. upon whicb la bniiu ■ 

Gte Bcreaa tbe rusd Tunning from .Snadj- Honk lo Ihu 
tunn. 
Is St .Sandy Hook Landing, SOD ftwt wi'st nf road ruiuilnB 
Bonib from landini; ua un noith aiile uf mud rnnnine 

Itam annti»flli'B fmnt door vaiil^ iHilag eopncr bnlt in 
B.M. atone. " ' " 
OvorP.B-ir.lS!! 

Is at Sandy Hmk Lan'Bnc. '>ii aontli Hidu nf mad leadlna 
wcatnn bluff, a»few-wp».lfrQm nbeivii bmnPhee nortE 
tobuid)iiE!,lTSltot«ntorcBitaIdi-i>rWIIUani(«ntEscb's 
tard i being top-of apEka in «-i-Hi riml ijr:lllioch aynamnrp. 

l8 2.»3fBeC^dowe<Fob>R LmiiUn;:. t,ni)il fi^etabDTO Sandy 

HoukLanrilnK.atloireTi'nd.ifliotiiiin.aSffet '■--'- 

poliil«twhIol!*iitrBininof™kii ' ' 



K'e" o*f bluff, A 

beln-w tia liip; belnj; i'i>n[i 

loadPd lioriionUliy iniii 

laSfei'tnorthof T.n.M.II 



«fpiu 



1 lp.igi. 



ID fleetfroui 
. 10 reet 

iribovo 






lielgera LaniltnK. :v 

ioi', holween mail running pan 

i^etfr^nnrKer, lOfc'i'l frotnblal 

wblib ('ripi"-r i".'i i- ]Ai'~'\- ' 



iirhCTuiilUnit 

'■^.fi'»lui'fn 
■oeii and luniked 



i«U'loHM'oiri'..i:, 
[ipnatfcProvJik"!.. 
'aatof BUallfr^ii,.. 

BltoClflomVMifl 



mm opi«.Bito l-niviil 
'nd of ubacure Imt; 
le la larg* ■jrcamora. 



4S.3IJ38 
13, SIM I 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OK MISSOURI UIVKR COMMISSION. 4109 
Vescriptiona and elwationti of prvnHv hrcl bnirh nuirkx,<ff. — ContiiincMl. 



dumber. 




?-£"fe::::: 

'*•'*•• if.l28 



IX'M(.'i*i]itiiin. 



. .1 



^•«*Af.li 



llID 



H:xpt, 






T.B. 



VI.2C0 



^- ^- X 133 z. ■«,•!. 



T";'«f,.„j, 






^.2o;{ , 



f*- 'St.VM\ 
* * » «.-niuu. 



^•^- ^4.2« 

'^•«- ^..CG 

^•'^- ^I.2r.7 

'^•^' ^^25s 



^•^* M.132 

I'V^'"'' 



I» i mile lielrtw "Wolf Point. 40 fi«-t from rivorbaiik. '\:\ fut 
itortb fnnii top of hi-^ti bunk of J^itllc Spier (.'nu k : iM-iii^ 
top of npiko in Htninp. 

Is.ilWolt Point, at norlhwfHt corner of Miisii-k &- IN-tlfoni's 

{general uicrchnndi'if^ Mion*, y fii-t t'loni i-ornvrof biiilWin;;: 
M'ine copper ImiU in B. M. sti<u<-. 

(^ VI r P. T5. M. 1 liT 

Jh at- Wolf Point, on Koiithciot lormT «»f <'iiiiiin»'y on f.isi 
iiide of Mr. IJeilfonrH Iioiim-: Ihmii^j hij;hertt ' point in 
aquurc cut on bottom c.oursi; «if stom-. 

Ls at Wolf Point, 75 i'vft abi»v«' lowir •iid of oxpohiMl bdijc. 
'St fcvt above Ievt*l of liottoni lanil, :i\ I'ci-t nnrtli of a puint 
directly untlercnilof f>*n(-eninniiiu fun kov«'i liliilf: lieiiij; 
renter of imncli mark in eoiijiiT bolt IcailMl liorizonially 
into vertiial face of b-il;:*'. 2 tiM't aimvr trnnind. 

Is at Mount Vernon LMn«lin<;. 1.]t^ f(M>t bi-Iow nitiiiDi of 
Petite Saline (,'reek, 21 tVct xoiilli of hank of kiiiuII ntn'ani. 
1H4 feet a)M)V(i itM nioulli on .slopt of bill; bcin" ro|»prr 
bolt in It. M. Mtonv. 

Over P. 15. M. 129 

Ia!»=)4f('et below nionlli of P«'til<'Saliiji'('n ck, l»2 feet above 
wbeat Abed at Mount Vernon Landing. 'J" feet towanlH 
river frr»m vertieal b-d^eof nii'k; bi-injr biirbest point in 
wpiare cut on natural led^^e and iii.irkeil {' . rj S. 

iHimfi-el below nioutb of Petite Saline ('reek. I I'J feet 
above w beat Hbed at Mount Vernon KaiHliii<;: lieins; et-n- 
ter of punch mark in copper bolt lea'b-d hoii/ont.dly 
into nortbeaHt face of natural l.-iim- bavintj v»'rtical 
expoyfuiv of alwut 10 feet. 

Is one mile above nioutb of IVtite Saliu'-fn-ek. at Wlii«*t*» 
ur Pixieys Landiiijcr, nt noitliea<«t eornerof barnvard next 
to liouM? occupied bv D. t f ib's on land owiie«i by y\ r. Bruce : 
l>ein^ top of Mpike in west ro«»t of elm. 

Ib L'^ milcA alN>ve tbu UKMitb of Pi-titr Saline f'reek. 1^ 
niib>!< aliove WhiatH Lanilin;;. aboin i.TO.'ifeet ln-Iow main 
Ttvul, at ed^ of cornliebl li> side of farm road ; Ik int; 
ton of spike in 3-fooi Cottonwood. 

Is about r>i mileA lielow Owrton. nearly opiM)nife middle of 
Terrapin li^lHud, at forks of rond. on rivet side of road 
ninnin^f parallel to riv»r, IM feet from ei-nier and in line 
with U^»]K*r Hide of road ruiinii:;; baek to bliHf: beiiii; top 
of a Apike in nortbwest root of a 'Jt'o.it black walnut. 

Is ah<mt 9 feet south of P. B. M . 131 ; beinu top of spike in 
weHt root of triple honey locust. 

Is uearl^'opiKisite middle of Terrapin I.*<land.on land owned 
by H. It. Woolricb. at lence seitaiatiiii; ]iasltire and 
cultivated fiebl. 3o<( feet eant of road le;>diiii; south 
thnmgh the blutta. It i.s l.tfH) feel S. '51 • !:'• W. <ma;r.) 
from northeast corner of houtheast «iuarler of tin- south- 
cast qiiart<'r sec. 2^j, T. 48, 11. 1.'. W.; beiiii: e«ippi-r Indt 
in B. M. Mtone. 

fherP. B. M. i:Jl 

la alioutS niib'M below ()vert<tn. a littb- above a ]ioiiit o])]»o- 
aite the middle of Terrapin Nland. l.«»JO ft-i-t aluive forks 
of road, 1^ miles Houth from riviT (ali'ii;i road i r»n river 
side of roail. at edue of liiuli bank aloni; Terraiiiu rslaiid 
(.'hute. Ixdiind wiUow bar; beini; top of spike in a '2 foot 
cottonwiHHl, wliicb it> t\,v north one of tlirtit in a row. 

Is opiMwite a point about :''i miles below Overton i»y river, 
alnmr 'J.21*a feet south from ri\er bank, at wc!<t side of 
road in front of loi; hou.se on farni owned by J. II. ll.dl, 
Joe Combs. ]ind Marshall Uusk ; bein^ top of spike in 
east ifMd of elm . 

Is in southwest corner of John Cainpbeirs dooryard. near 
T. B. M. 262: iM-ing coiiper bolt in P.. M. stono. * 

OverP. IJ.M. iy2 

Is li luib's bebiw point oppo.-'ile Ibx he]iort. 2.-l<io feet ^\est 
(along rfK id) from river: beinu top of ;<pik«> in stump in 
southwest corner of .lohn (.'.nnpbeH n door\ard. 

Is 350 feet west of T. B. M. -Ji'..^.. on \N . K. ('Mayti.n's land, 
at south fence of small me:idow at loot of lilutf. .*<-<i I'ei-t 
S. IP 45' E. (mag.) from ceiiiir .-ec. :.. T. ix. U. l.-| W.; 



Klevation. 
Meters. Feet. 

47. TiHU 150. 51 H 
:VJ. K?i41 17.'{.50ri 



.'it. IJtr. 177.57r, 
51. 0>^ 107. 4 1» 



! 58.Gi:;5 192. 3u:; 



being copper Isdt in B. M. stone. 
Over P. B. M. in:; 



Is in nuddle of main rond ruiiitiiiir south from Overton. 2 
niib'in from the town. Ij.Ih leei e .»t of 1'. 1'.. M. VXi. at foot 
of bluff: iM'in^ lop of spike in north ruul of a 2-fuul black 
walnut. 



'I 



5:j. 07.'.7 174. 135 



:.4.:5iiJ» 17«. IJM) 
41). inu; 151. 2K« 



49. 54t>y i 102. 5(a 



49.4:»38 ■ iri-j.2r.i 



4H.2:)1^ i:.S.242 



50. 71511 100. 490 



f'J.IIMU 172.229 

r 

^>l.^t.^J<^ li;i». 2"i0 

I 

I 

I 



.vj. s?(is I7:i. :!:!! 
49. llHli 1U2. :>9i 



I 



4!l..'-M.->0 102. .VO 



1:). 7'.t:!.'> lo:'., :!00 



.'«l.o;;n-; 
.■.i.«'i:;2 



107.42.' 

107. 4t;o 



.'4.7041 179.478 



.'.."•.'.» 1 70 !.<:{. .'.■).'» 
5.;. 2440 i74.(i.s8 



i 
i 



- " • ' ^ 



4110 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. A.RMY. 

Desariliixonn n-nd elevations of preohe level bench markSf etc. — Continued. 



Kumbcr. 



P. B. M. lU 



P. IJ. ^I. 135 



Top of cMp. 
T. B. ^r. 2»;8 



P. B.M.lotf.. 



P. B. M. 137— 'Y\ 
KlliuttH L.'iiKliug, 



Ton of cap. 
T. il. M. 270 

T. B. M. 271 



P. B.M.ins 



T. B.iI.27J 



P.B.M.1:J1) 



'J'op of Cil]! 

'I.V. M.27t; 



r. B. y\. ii(» v'. 



Top of <ap 

T. Vi. !M. 'Sil 



T. B.M.270 



Doacription. 



Is about 9 niile.s below Boonville, 1 milo above road running 
acroMs bottom toward Roclieport, 175 foet ubovo w&at side 
of coant^ road ruimiiii; to river, 187 feet below conspicu- 
ona cave in Bide, of high ronk blaflf, two-rhirds of the way 
up: beiui; cuntcr of punc.h mark in copper bolt loade<l 
horizontally into face of rock blnff 3U inches above 
ground. » 

Is 1| miles below Elliotts Landing, } mile b»*low hoad of 
larjLCo bottom back of sluiigh, 1^ miicH nbove road ruunin«; 
north acrosH the bottom toward the river, 100 feet east of 
hifth vertical rock Icdgo, 20 feet fnmi foot of bluff, on line 
with rail fence, 25 feet below small creek from spiring, 
fe<>t oust of a 2- foot slippery elm blazed ; being copper 
bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 135 

Is about I mile below Elliotts Landing, at lower side of 
meadow on south bank of sninll creek, KM) feet from verti- 
cal rock bluff; being top of spike in 30-mcli ehn. 

Is at Elliotts Landing, lu8 feet below wooden warehouse; 
being center of puTit^h mark in copju^r bolt leadwl hori- 
zontally into face of solid rock blutl, about 2^ feet above 
ground. 

Is at Ifllliotts Landing, at head of Diana Island, about 0.2 
miles bel()w BoonA-ille, in the northeast corner of orchanl 
and l.oPO feet S. 4riO W. (mag.) from house owned by J. 
E. Elliott, 575 firet bnck from the river. 82 feet south west 
from wagon bridge over small creek, at soutlieiist corner 
of yanl surrounding a log house, on west side of wagon 
road ; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 137 

Is about I mile above Elliotts Landing, on edge of river 
bank, on west side of road leading out from coulee down 
to boat landing; l)eing top of spike in south root of 2 foot 
sycamore. 

Is 1 mile below foot of Franklin Island, on i>oint of bluff 
70r> feet below small creek, at lower side of coulc<'. about 



i mile below vrrt ical rock le<lge. at top of vertical nn'k 
bank on projerting point ol ledyc, about 2 t'cel below 
standard nigh water; being higln'st p«)int in stiunre 



marked U. n S. 

Is 3.8 miles below Boonville. oppositf foot of Franklin Is- 
land. UK) feet below small <Teek, in mrk lejlge fonning 
high-water bank. ."> feet above surface of ground. 40 feet 
from low-water nliore line; lieing •.-cnti-r of puneh mark 
in cop]»er bolt beaded horizontallv into natunil lejlge. 

Is 3.8 miles bel(»w I'oonville, oppofsite fool of Franklin 
Island, in same bnality as I'. B. M. IIW; 7.') feet above 
moutb of small ereek. near river bank: l>eing t«»p of 
Hfiila^ in root of cot t4»n wood. 

Is :i,V mil«» below Boonville. J mile above foot of Franklin 
Island, r)ilO feet al)ove very ]»roniinent point of vt'rtieal 
ledge of rook. 30 fert below very small Hlreain, at foot of 
blnlf alxMil 1 fool above mean high water; being cox)i)er 
bolt, in [». M. !«toni*. 

Over P. B. M. i:i9 



Is ]| miles below Main street, Boonville, at lower end of 
bottom wlure blnlV ronuvs baek to river, 1,7-0 feet below 
^Mariftta Creek, 328 feet above bead of chute. 05 fei't above 
a spring at bas<i of rock; being highest point in square 
cut on natural le<lge, and marked 1'. S. on face of ledge 
1 foot above point. 

Is li miles below Main street, Boonvillo, on upper side of 
eoiib-e. near mouth of Marietta Cn'ek. 25 feet above wagon 
rond runnins: np conbM', on bottom land at foot of bench 
of blutl', near a group of small elms, on land owned by Mr. 
.Storm: beini^ <'opj>er bolt in B. M.. stone. 

Over IMJ M.UO 

Is n miles JM'low ^fain street, Boonville. at upi>or side of 
coulee, ni-ar month i>fMarie'lta (^HM'k, 12.'> feet from river i 
and .jO feet from f(M»t t»i" blnlf, on Idutl'sido of waLi<ni road; 
being top of spike in an IS-inrli ehn. 

Is in Boonvillf. on west side of ^lain stre<'t, between Levee 
and \V:»ter streets, on southeast comer of stone nionu- 
nn-nt. 2'» iiii'hes by 5 inclu"*, <m (o]i marke<i high water 
1814 ; being highest point in square cut on top of stone. 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



53.5772 



53.0138 



54.2512 
53. 4528 



55.2368 



Feet. 



175. 780 



173.931 



177.901 
175.372 



181.225 



56. 2026 184. 394 



57. 4400 
5L2251 



49.8484 



52. 3202 



188.453 
168.068 



163.546 



17L656 



52.4055 I 171.936 



51.2828 ! 168.252 



52. 52.'>9 



172.331 



52. 3497 17J. 753 



53. 0510 174. 053 



54. 2874 
52. «>51 



178. 1 10 
172. 656 



5ii. G7i)5 185. 958 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MI.SSOriM RIVKR rr)MMISSION. 4111 
Jteftrriptiomt and vhrnliovH of jnucise h r/l htnvh imuLs, etc, — Continued. 



!Numbur. 



IVs<Tij)tion. 



Biirh-Mrattr mark, 



I*. B. M. 14J--:01d 
IS. M. rji. 



I.'. >. Siiriial Service 
IIii;li wator, 1844... 




V. S. «: a II K at 

l!'iw::vin«\ 
P.li. il. 141 



T. 15. M. 142— 4UJ 
I*(Miiivil1c 



Top of <-:ii» 

T. J{. M.-JiiU 

r. B. -M.143 

V. IJ. M. 143 



i 



P. B. M. 146. 



T«»i» of rap 

T. D. M. 28a 



P. B. M. 147= V 
fucw posiitiou). 



Top of cap 

T. B. 3d. 286 



In Oil HiiiiK- Htiinit a» T. li. M. 27i». liiini: n-ntor of innrk " 
]>Hnillt-l t» iiiitl () iiii Iic-t Im'Id'a Ii>|i III' •iniii-. cut :ii-.ro-.n it-^ j 
«'iiHt tiit:c. Till- >t<UM' has hccii <).'>! in-i>i d. mimI i:^ iii.'irk i-^ 
no Initial r liori/ciital. The. iiiidillf <•!' tin- iim- w.m t iki n . 
as tin- lii^rliwalir iiiiirk. Tlu- j^'umu' jh ni.u k<-<l on 

top - ■ ." ..K i ami on tli.- r.mi la'i- 

Is in I»oon\ iili" on iimt siili* uf .'iS.Mn.ijit in M; 'H'Hiri 
Kansas and 'irx.m I:. It. iir:ii :i . ii«ij-tli df Mio<-<iiii-i 
Vacilii' trai-k, at al>oiit ilic iiiiii«!l«- of iIm nortli r.i<"\ l' l<-< t 

lU'loW SUrfa"'*- ot HMiUlllI, r» Uv\ hi-IdW poilil of .I'lnW I'lt 

in HtoiM"; l)».'in.: 4:«!it«T of jitUHli ,inrk in rnpinr l"»!t 

leadi'd liori/.uilatlv. 
Is ill lIo«.nvill»'. on ti».-f ]»!«Tf!«iMi riijlif liaiik of Missmiii. 

KansaH. and T*'\i'..N li.iilniad llnd^l', d<>\Misiii:iiii i-ml. 

Miuth.sidr: ln-ii!.: hlail'uaii^r « nf in imk i«-.i«liii.: t<i l«'«-1 

ami tt'iitlis. F.l«-va;i"n nl its /.iik. 
Itiiii IJ«ionviU«*. on d«iv.n.MlT«'an« •iid of lii-t pier fii.'n ri'^lit 

bunk of .MM-4ouii. Kan.sah and '1V\;i.h !:. IC. 'Di'-dm-, lii-in:; 

c«nti;rof linri//:jital line of black paitit thu.s: 

(line is noi piTiVM-tly horizontal.) I'a-t i nd <d' line at no.Hi> 
of i»iiT was takt'M. 

Is srandard m-irr i-ablc ^aucc on Mi^.^onri. Kaii'^asanil 
TfXaH britl;:«. Klivation i»f its zi m. 

Ip in Bonnvilh'. ai uoit'»\vr«it rojui-!- ^t a ih!««'^t.»ry bn«'k 
liiiildini; omiidtMl by r>oonvilli> ri.iM'inu Mii'.^ ••wn*--! 
hv ('. W. and J. Son basl, farinu li'\»'«'. 'Jho fi ••! •■••.-.t nf 
>!nin Hin'Ol. on noilh fact* of t<>)i f oi !ii :- N|i<i:f ot innnda- 
tion, <} iiudo-.* fasl of rorn»T ami :!.ri I«-i't abeiM- uI'MMi-I; 
Ill-ill;: (fiili'e of ]funi-h mark in rnppcr lioli li-adi-d Imti- 
zontally. 

8 in Moo'nvilli'. M«». I'li \\«'si .'•iib* of Main stm-t b» fwii-n 
Levci* and Waii-'i' j«tnii<. 1 font v. i t of f.ton'- iMirliii .; 
at lowi^redjie of i*lom' marking; hi;;li \v;!t»r 1-11: iMiiic 
fopptT Imlt in II. M. .siuno. 

Ovn- r. B. M. 14J 

la on shore pi»T at soulli end of .Missopn. Kan. is and 
TexuH K. K. bii«I;rr at Hoonvill«', on diw i:.sf n ;cni «'nd of 
piiT. on side of do\\n.stn'am iu'di-s!:d ii«\t to i ;i. k. and 
ulraost in liin- with north i'd«;»' uf bod ]il Mi-: biia-, !ii^h» >-l 
point in sijnare r;ii on rooinp:. 

Id in shore pirr at 8oiith «mh1 of Missoui 1. Kan>.aN and 'W \.is 
K.U.bridireat IJoonvillr. 21 J im-hc> 'Wi-'i of »i '\ pl.it. , ir.k 
iiK'hi'H noithwrsi fn. Ill iioi I hwi-st rormr tiJ •'•.■.in- wall", 
22 iui'heM Hontii of iiortli sidi> of pirr and '■'.'* iii.)i«-.s fioni 
we.st end; beinjj cojiprr Indi h ad«d v«T5i« .ili\ iiii<. ropini; 
Hton«>. 

"La in shore pi««r at north i-ml of MisNoiiri. K.m aNjin ! 'Ifxas 
K. R. brJUf^r a<'n»ss th«' Missouri IJivi-rai l'.oiin\ ill«-. in 
nnntrMiin end of pier. 1 i.J im Ins from nortii\v>s( io!i:<r 
or IihI plate and li im-ii<>s noith td' a poii.i in li'ii> v^ii'i 
north ed^e of ««anie. l-'" imhrs froiij \\v^\ .:;■:! :.o jinlu-s 
from south bevel ed^e <dpii'r: luinu toji of n-ppi r liolt 
leaded vertieally into ropin.-: si. Mm. 

Ib abuiit^ mile wVsl u\' l-'ranklin Staiion iMrj fiM-t north 
went of (jeeond bend in rorsd aftrrrro-.-^iii:: M :-».-oin i. K:in- 
sa« and Ti-xas It. IJ. on lin'* with soium ii-nci- of last 
and west branch road, aii U 1 1 rast of fi'ini- ri.j ii« r on o] po- 
eit»* si<Ie of road and »i iisiln-.- I- i.'.t id" ••■•'t irj;««' iA' north- 
Miid-Roiitli I>4Niin ilh' r(>ad. on land ou i:« d 1y Jo^fph l>. 
Bak»T; l)cinj{ copja^r ludt in 15. M. st«»n»- 

Over P. B. M. 146 

Is top of spike infootof broki'ii^vramon-tr-.v. •"»•• f«( t soutls- 
castof P. B. M. 146. 

Is IJ miles above Franklin, I!'.' »«■• i s.nph of :« tioini I'.in'.-t- 
Iv in front of Mr. Brow n ('luniirllnj-s hoi:^. , '.■.: ft-.t .■'(nith 
from roriier of fence. M fiM-l Wf-t of wx-x |. mi oi\\a::on 
road: Indnjc tt»p <if spiki- in root o<" a :;»'-i;:' h !» .ij.i'iu o.ik. 

Is 3 miles above BooiiMllf. at point ^^ll( ii- ro.nl ninnin.: 
south branebes o|f from i asl amlw « .«t ri':i'.l. ::!^ J« «t alio\ • 

a )ioint directly in front of .Mrs. Kate ('•Minllor -. I »•■. 

49 feet bflow']»oint opposite »a.st em! ot barn: beinn 
cop|H»r bolt in B. M. stonu. 

Over P. B. M. 147 

Is 4§ inibh above BoonviHi'. 2.1)20 li'i-t In-low i-o i.l riiiinin<: 
southeast to rivi-r. xi'ii f« it 'm-jow tv.o lar^-- loiu* ••ottoii 
woods by roadside, on sm.ili kmll on Mnlf si«|i" ol ro:ul ; 
iHsilig higliuttt xioiutiu .squari- cut on liat emlu-ildod rock. 



I 



Klcvation. 
Metirs. I I'Vet. 



5C.5"16 l.H.-..:;7i 



r.2.7'»n ' 17X2I1 

I 

I 
I 

I 

4»».42;)7 i52.:;::o 



r.o. 1:3^4 ii-.->. I'i" 



♦ •I. (iL'in :n.0J<2 
Tm. T4.5r. 1H2. 887 



.-15. b'A<(\ 182. 2iri 



.'»'5 7><'''' 1^*». 2^7 
(In. lUiiT 1 11J7.2HI 



00. 1:J20 , 197.2.S5 



.V.i.2«;i.S ' l'.»*.44U 



I 



r>4.b'j7i . I7v».(n:i 



I 



f.r.. (»7'j:j 

.'ill. (Mi7S 



1 jJ.?. 1>S0 



04. %;!:> iH.i. :!2s 



;"..'•. 77G7 l.'<2.yi)fl 



;'>7. 01 •_•:". Is7. or>l 
Til. J?2'.»8 I Vv». 7^2 



4112 RKPOKT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 

DcKeriptious and elevations of precise level bench marks, etc. — Continued. 



Number. 



P. B. M. 148 



Top of cup. 
T.kM.libT 

T.B.M.288 
T. B. M. 280 



P.B.M.U9 



Topof c»p. 
T.kM.290 

T. B. M. 291 
V. B. M. 150 



r.B. M.15l--V-- 



Dosc^iption. 



1 op ot <'a]i 

T. r,. M.-J.U 

T.B.M.-jys 



T. B. M.296. .. 



r. B. M. 152— V 



T 



roj»of <'}ip 

r. iJ. M. 21*7..., 



Th 5^ miles above Boonville bridge, at lower end of Kings 
Lake, 2, 130 feet above branch road running across bottoms 
to river, opjionite AV. K. Snddlcr's house on river side of 
rond leading to Bfxmville and on line with road fence along 
John Tinsloy's land, betwet^n an elm above, and a Jioney 
locust beloAv ; being co])p''r btdt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 148 

Is 5^ miles above Boonvillo bridge, on east side of wagon 
road. 50 feet b«-low ice house on land owned l.»y W. K. Sad- 
dler ; being top of spike in south root of 2-foot honey lo- 
cust. 

Is al>out 6^ miles above Boonville, on east side of Natobez 
Lake, 108 feet brlow road leading uj) bluff to L. II. Uay- 
tcr's house, 82 feet above a shed by roadside, blul}' side of 
wagon road, 15 feet from center:* being top of spike in 
southwest root of a 3-foot honey ItM'.ust. 

Is 5J miles b<flow Lisbon, 7| Toiles above Boonville, 125 feet 
above a point directly in front of Steve C<io[>er'8 house, on 
bluff sijie of waeon road, 25 feet from center and 12 feet 
from rail fence: ooing top of spike in 28-inf'h walnut. 

Is 5^ luilcs below Lisbon, 1 mile below branch road hiding 
west, 900 feet south of house occnnied by Kd Smith 
(owned by Clark Bros.), 125 feet soutii of fence running 
east over bluff, 50 feet north of largo elm, on east side of 
road next to Steve Cooi>er's land ; being copper bolt in B. 
M. stone. 

Over I'. B. M. 149 

Is 5^ miles below Lisbon, 1 mile below branch road leading 
west, at point where road comes U* blutf after crossing 
mouth ot large coulee near P. B. M. 149, at west side of 
wagon road to Boonville; being top of spike in root of 
;<0-iiich burr oak. 

Is 4^ miles below Lisbtm, on east side of wagon road leading 
to lioonvilh^ and 98 feet south of bran<*h road leading west: 
being to]) of spike in west root of a large sycamore. 

Is abdut 4 niib'S below lasbon. I.CIO feet above branch road 
leading woHt, 2.'>2 feet north of ea.st-aiid-west fi-nce, 20 fmjt 
east oi center of i*oud blading to Boonville and 2k feet above 
prnde of Hinne; being top of copittT bolt leaden vertically 
into projecting ledge inches back from vertical face. 

Is :ii niile.H below Lisbon, 2.liO() feet north of sclioolhouse, 
district >•'(». 4, 4:{0 feet north of Fairbanks' weighing 
scales, 21'} feet southeast of John Stt'os house, 2;i0 feet 
east from wagon roud ; btung copper bolt in Ji. Af. stone. 

Over I'. B. M. 151 *. 

Is 'S]f miles below Lisbon, 2,l.'i0 feel above Hchool house, dis- 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



56.9686 



58.2077 
58.6279 



57.1344 



59.7501 



58.2371 



59. 4744 
58.5702 



59. 2874 
57. 5319 

62. 8772 



Feet. 



186.907 



190. 972 
192.350 



187.450 



196.032 



191.068 



195.128 
192. 161 



194.514 
188. 7M 



206.292 



trict No. 4, on Boonville road, at f»»<»t of bluff; being t-op 
otspike in IH-inch lime tree in John Step's front yard. 

Is 2i niiles below Lisbon, 590 feA.'t below \\ illiam MarshalFs 
barn at mouth of coulee, 14r) feet below large rock l>ing 
by roa<l.**idi^ at lu<it of blulV. (m east .side of wagon road 
leading t*i Iioonville; Ik iiig Iii;:liest ])oint in square on in- 
clined embedded rock and marked U. D S. 

Is J mile below Lisbon, -190 leetabove mouth of small eri'ek, 
on river side of wagon road, 12 feet from river bank and 
10 feet from fence; being top of spike in a 30-inch slip- 
jiery elm. 

Ls 2.'J95 feet below Lisbon, l,'UO feet below creek at lower 
end of town, VXi feet above fence c««rner. on riverside of 
wag«»n road, 59 fe<"t fioni cenii-r. 15 feet from river bank, 
at v:i-*{ t»id«» of largtj imbedded rock : being copper bolt in 
15. M. stone 

Is -.-'•'.'» feet below Lisbon, l.^UO leet. below creek at lower 
end of Town, 50 feet west of wagon mad, 'JO feet east t»f 
riv«r, iW fei't north of V. B. M. 1;'»2, 8 fe<it soutliwj'Sl of 
bla/a'd elm ; beiuir highest point in square cut on natural 
ledge and marked IJ. ( j S. on w«sl fae«' of ledge. 
Is in Lishon. on rocky j)oint of bi«ib bank extending out 
into river directly oj)j)osite C4?nter of town; being top of 
Hpike in iioitlien.Mt root of 30-incb walnut 
Is' mile above Lisbon. 'JOO IV-et from rivei, 245 feet above 
i first creek almve Lisbon, on east edfie «»f large Cottonwood 
I grove, on river si«le of wagou road. 40 feet fnuu center; 
beiuir to]» of spikt! in east root of blazed cott^mwood. 

P. B. "M. 15J Is 1 mile above Lisbon, 2.050 feet above first bridge over 

I creek ab(»ve f^islion. 00 feet above a iwiint directly east of 
iinil aero**s s1omi:1i fVomJotm McCorkb-'s lo:; barn orshe<l, 
on ea.nt .viiilcoi wwgnii iDad, 2 feet above Hurfa<-e of ground; 
l.einir •i-iiier ot punch mark on c.qiper bolt leaded boii- 
zontally into natural ledge. 



f4. 1101 210. :«i7 

58.0137 i 193.288 

I 

57.5826 ' 188.921 



59.0120 i 193.611 



61.1809 ' 200.7*J7 



T. n. M. JUS . 
Lihbon. 

T. B. M.299 .. 



62.4207 
62. 4027 



63.2806 
57. 7509 



2ai. 794 
204. 932 



2t»7. 045 
189. 473 



58.960G 193. 4?J 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4113 
J>e8cripiions and derations of prev'mf lenl hvn*h inarhi*, etc. — Continued. 



Ximiber. 



Df'Si-riptioii. 



T. B. M. 300 



Ih 1 niilo above LiHlion, I'.avi feot al«o\i- fust hvU\'.n' uvor 
I nn-( k alMivt" Lirtliftii, 4«K» Uvl iiorili «»f ]iriiiiiiiM iit nn-k 
I |Miint. «*ahf sitlf cd" va-^dii n»!nl, .'lU fn-f soiiih ot »>onili 
i end ofBinall coiilt-o, Mini 1 tool aliovc i^roiiml : Immm^' iii^li- 
j i'Bt iiuiiil in tsqiian' cant on natiir:il i« t\-^f. 

P. B. M. 154 -V ; Ih li niilcB ahov** I/iKlion. p miic ai.iivr tin- .-oroiul liiirli- 

i way liriiifit- above Lisbon. [ ni;h'b«'lo\\ .li»lin W . iUn-'', iij;j 
I liouHt>, which Htand by road. 'JT-'i j'iM't below iniuiiiiicnt 
point of rock bluH". by rail l"i nn- on wfnt >itU- ol" \va;^on 
road : boini; «'Oi>pCT bidt in li. M. hlone. 
OvorP JJ M ira 

\^ « ^ S A • Aw* «JA • ■ *r^ ■BBM^MMSaa* >■■■■••••■ >■•■••*■•■■* ■>■■■■■•* • 

Ih 275 feet ubovii 1*. \\. M. V.A. «»m cast ssiib- of a\m;:oii nia<l. 
at pnimincnt ])(dntof rock bIntV. on natural b-di;c ; ImIii^ 
hi;;hent ])oint in a square n)arkcd W :_S. 

Im *i.\ mib'ii above Lisbon, 61(! iw\ above John \V. (iot-K 
huu.4i\ about .'id feet above Hmnll stream liowini; from 
8)>rinf; on the east side of point of blutf. (m tlie nppi-r ^ide 
of riniall conb'c. on east side of wa^on road, on natural 
Icdtfe : bein;; lii^'hem point innquart'. marked l».l IS. 

I» U,Vj miles abovj' r.inbon, Ii.onii f(«-i Ik low hiuliwav biiilue 
over Kichlaml Cn-ck. on tlie \ve.«*t >ide and ^ tcet from 
wa;;on road and U tect fnuu fein-e : bein^ hi;:he.st point in 
square on lar^ro llat rock, niarl.ed V . S. 

Ih \\ niiloa Iw-low J51utfiM»rt. \ mib* below Mrs. J. (ViiJp's 
lionae. at the uppr-r side (»f aHniall creek 40 f» et eaf«t of bla^-.k 
walnut BliUidin;; on the uest side i>f road, at eu^t road- 
Hido : boin^ n siiuare un imbedded ruck. 

Is about 1 mile above Kichland ('reek, on linf^ of wagon 
n)ad alK)ve and 'JIJO feet in «lir«'<;i line from Iioum* of ^Irs. 
l^lunche Cropp. and 'Jllo feet above small stream, at the 



Top of cap 

T.B.M.3U1 

j 

i 

X. » aS» J^m Uvm ••••>•-' 

1 
I 

• 
I 

T.B.M.303 i 

I 
I 

! 
T. B. M.y04 



I 



P. B. M. 155 



Top of cap 

P. B.M.13e 



T.B.M.305 



uppernideof coule*', oppo.siteapoiut r< feet below the lower 

'oi)piiijr ol ' " " 

Over P. B. M. 135 



outcroj)pinjr of le 



lee, oppoi 
•dgu ; be 



ing a i'opi)er Indf in 1^ M. stone. 



T. B.M.306. 



T.R M.SOT 

Blufll»ort. 



P. B. M. 157 -tf. 
Hurricane CreeK. 



Top of cap 

T.B.M.'J13... 



\ m Jt>> jl • uUV . • • • I 



P.RM.159=V - 



Top of eap , 

P. B. M. ICO .... 
Glasgow. 



T.B.M. 314 



ENGOS- 



Is about li ntiU« Indow Blnll'port. *.»,'> fee t alnive P. R M. l.'jo, 
87 feet above end of bare blutf. U.J feet abov«' ground, on 
eaHt Hide of wajron road: bein;^ center of luinch mark in 
copper Indt IcaiuHl horizontally in fa<'e of led^e. 

In in the Hanie locality as P. IJ. M. iri.l.'ilHi lift above Mrs. 
Itlancbe Cropp'n Ihhhc. 2»)<» feet alM»ve 4reek and .''."S feet 
above the lower end ol bare ledye. l.J feet above siirfai^' •)f 
ground: Indii;; the hiijhest point in square t»ii uaturdied;;e. 

Ib ) mile below Hlutl'port. g of a mile beIo\v Mill-r itrntlier.s' 
nawniill. hikI :rJ8 feet above.!. V. Mobrrlys houm-. where 
wacon road leaves the river b.-ink going south, at fool <if 
blulfbv fence at wide of road.. Vi feet froni tlie ri\er: being 
apike fu base of a 3i)-inch haekherry. 

Iain Bin ttport,34 miles below lilas;iow. <>.'.' li-et below Mi]li«r 
Brothers' Hawmill.. ■{(>"» feet below ('. W. Miller's housi'. 
fcH't back from river bank and "Jn fe«'t from wagon road; 
being pike in the south root of a lis inch o:ik. 

la on let t Uink, 2 miles behiw tJlasuow, 17r» fiit aboNe the 
njioutli of the tirst creek behiw llurriram- ('r«<k.<in h-vel 
Hpiit of >rronnd .just back of fem-e at foot tif blult", *J" fe» t 
from river bank, and 4(i feet beh»w th«* low»-r .ud of lii;:h 
rock Iwlge: being a «:opp<T boll in IV M. st^uu-. 

Over P. B. M. 157 

Is 1,720 feet bC'low the railroad bridge at < Jla'-iiow. about 'WO 
feet above point where river strike.-^ blull. 'J' o |i et ea^t of 
river.and 2 feet east of board fence: being >p'U«' in the 
west r«K»t of a 2-f<H)t it<1 elm. 

Ih about 50 fe<"t above P. P.. M. ir»7, 'Ji'l: feit abovi- tIk* lower 
extrcnnity of* sandstone ledg*-. under twin lime tree, mi 
naturalliKlgc .'i iuehes back of face; heing hii;hi.st point 
in square. 

Is in (tlasgow.Uo.. at the west Hid<' of the secnnd |)ii-r fiom 
the eaat abutnu-nt of tbe Cliicago aiul Alton liailroad 
Bridge, opposite cent«*r 'if pier an<l 2 leel from its laci'; 
Iwlng copper lioU in P». M. stone. 

Is in (f]aH<;uw, in the lirst h)wiam1 pier, .just below wa.:on 
road at the east end of tlie Chii ago and A II on n:iilroad 
Bridge, in the 11 rst e<Mirs<' ot Hl«ine under c:«]'^tiiTu-. iu »;isi 
face, H» incbes north of <(Mithea.-it eornei- ot )>irr. »'• fi et 
above ground; Iwing center of ]tuu«h mark in co]>|n'r Imlt 
leaded horizontally. 

la in Glasgow, at the ('hicag«iand Alton i;:(iIroad P.riil;re, 
at the base of sam«« pi< r n-* P. 15. M. H'". in tin- teut»r of 
south face. 3 feet east ot" the so»ithw«>t corner of ]iier, on 
projcclingstone. at abtuit the sanu-eh-vaiion as the surface 
of ground; being liighcHt point in square. 

2o8 



lOIevation. 
Meters. , Vfvi. 

j 
30. 9.VJ7 I8ri. fioi 



.'ifl. I7t;n 
:.s. :;7:{'.i 



iao.s7'i 
iiM.:ii7 



51). 130-J 11K5. 0ti9 



fil.r)24H 2ul.ft.Vi 



G().:nfi5 197.891 



Go. ."Ola 1 198. 137 



OLCJUO 
02. 8UIU5 



202. 2<>0 
2ur». [VM 



G2.5U94 , 205.085 



02.7390 i 205.840 



62.8034 , 206.210 



60.0734 



197. 093 



01.3117. 201.150 
00.0201 ' 1US.S88 



00.0257, 190.030 



02.2381 I 201.105 



I 
I 

03.4714 j 2<W. 252 

08.25.'-2 ; 223.030 



05.8880 , 216.170 



4114 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARMY. 
Descriptions and elevations of precise level bench marks, etc. — Continued. 



Number. 



U. S. gauge. 



T.B.M.315=01dB. 
M. Ul (A) 



P. B. M. 161 



P.B.M.158=Y.. 



Top of cap 
T. B. M. 322 



T. B. M. 323 
T. B. M. 324 



P. B. M. 163 

Cambridge. 



T.B.M.325 

P.B.M.164=Y 

Top of cap 

T. B. M. 326 

T. B. M. 328.... 



P. B. M. 165 



Top of cap — 
T.B.M.316.... 

T.B.M.318.... 
T.B.M.319.... 
P.B.M.162.... 



Desciiption. 



At Glasgow is on the downstream side of the Chicago and 
Alton Railroad Bridge ; being a standard wire-cable gauge 
elevation of its zero. 

Gauge B. M. in Glasgow is on top of ridgo-joint between 
.the columns of the third pier from the east abutment of 
the Chicago and Alton Kailroad Bridge. 

Is 0]>po8ito Glasgow, Mo., on the Chicago and Alton Rail- 
road Bridge, on the first high double pier from the right 
bank, at the west end of high trass, on down stream end 
and top of pier, 17 inches from the southoast corner of 
bedplate and just south of anchor bolt, 7^ inches from 
either hoveled ed^e at the southeast corner of pier; being 
top of copper bolt leaded vertically. 

Is on the right bank three-quarters of a mile below 
the west abutment of Glasgow Bridge and 1,960 feet 
from liver bank and 1.960 feet south from the Chicago 
and Alton Railroad tracKs, in south fence of road in front 
of house, 105 feet east of a 2-foot oak tree; being copper 
bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 158 

Is about 195 feet west of P. B. M. 158, in east root of a 
white-oak tree 2 feet in diameter, standing in center of 
road ; being top of spike. 

Is about 2 miles west of Glasgow on ^he line of the Chicac o 
and Alton Railroad track, 125 feet north of center at the 
upper end of siding, 160 feet beloAv Y. J. Snitzmier's 
house; being a spike in west root of a 3- foot black walnut. 

Is on lineof the Chicago and Alton track, 3| miles west 
of Glasgow, at Estell^ Crossing, in front ot Mr. Tester- 
man's house, at the southeast comer of scales; being 
spike in timber. 

Is 2 miles south of Cambridge, !Mo., and 5 miles west of 
Glasgow, where wagon roaucrosses the Chicago and Alton 
Railroad track Just as it enters blufTs going west, about 
three-eighths of a mile from tlie river bank, 47.5 feet 
south from the center of track, on west side of wagon 
road, at corner of fence; being copper bolt in B. M. 
steue. 

Over P. B. M. 162 

Is 1} miles below Cambridge, Mo., about 20 foei south of 
the south riffht-of-way fence of the Cliica^o and Alton 
Railway, and 1,770 feet west of the road crossing where 
railroau enters the bluffs, at lower end of cut, opposite 
whistle post; being spike in root of a 13-ineh o:ik. 

Is about 1 mile below Cambridge Landing, 15 feet south 
of Bmall creek crossing road. 60 feet east of east road 
fence; being a spike in the west root of a 30-inch oak. 

Is 2,755 feet below the landing at Cambridge, at east side 
of wa^on road, 90 feet east of e^st bank of creek, on 
line with the south aide of bridge over creek, at the 
upper point of the first woods beh>w Caml)ridge and 100 
feet from top of river bank; being spike in the west root 
of a 30-inch post oak. 

Is in Cambridge, Mo., on the east side of warehouse of W. 
D.Woolridge, near river end, 4.4 feet south, of the north 
comer and 3 feet above ground ; bciny center of punch 
mark in copper bolt leaded horizontalli'. 

Is in Cnm])ri(lge on same warehouse as P. B. M. 163, at east 
side, lOfeet south from its nortli end, on projecting course 
of stone; being highest point in square. 

Is in Cambridge, Mo., 623 feet above the lauding at foot of 
Main street^ on a low point of V»luff Just above spring, 
245 feet west of fen re, 15 feet above elevation of bottom 
land; being copper boVt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M.lCl 

Is 82 feet west of P. B. M. 164, on the cast side of small 
ravine, on a natural ledge of rcw.V. ; b«iuiT hifriiest point 
in square marko<l U LI ^• 

Is about H miles above Cambridge, on ridge between two 
8loug]i8,"60 feet from the vreM bank of the east slough and 
1.050 feet al)ove highway bridge over creek; being spike 
in the oast root of a lone black walnut 26 inches in diame- 
ter. 

Is 2 J miles below Salt Creek, about } mile from the bank of 
the river, on old river b«ank, 1.^0 feet we«<t of bank of large 
slough, on west side of wagon mad to Canibridire in line 
witli fence, on lan<l of Judge (J ilium, aeroHS slough and 
490 feet from his hmise, 180 f« ot south of the exceedingly 
large cottonwood tree 9 feet in diameter; being copper 
bolt in B. M. stone. 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



+0. 0781 
61.0846 
76.2102 



62.4379 



63.6761 
61.9465 



62.6834 



61.8736 



64.5502 



201 



65.7901 
69. 2018 



208 
203 



203 



202 



211 



215 
'J27 



64. 3798 
63. 0798 



68.3425 

67. 7039 
65. 2588 



66. 4947 
66.3648 



62. 8400 



211 
206 



224 



009 



214 



21fi 
217 



20( 



62. 7419 



20J 



JPEKDIX Z 7. — REPORT OF MISSOITBI ttrVER COMMISSION. 4115 
HMdHipHoHil oiirf ^frruHotM o/prcrtac Xfvel hftu:\ vtarki, eta. — Coutinued. 



■ 




Ktoratlon. 


■ Xtacnber. 


Dl'SCriptlDR. 






Metora. 


Fool. 


'■''^"5n^ ;:::::■ 


OrorP. B, Mans 


M.BTTOI 
84.8173 


!MMtT 


IilnwinieloeaUtruP. B. M. 1». IM f«t abnTD Hi being 


■nim 










' U- 11,3M 


Ii 2 lolb'. b,.l..w N..-- IV,.nkti,rt. iOO ftet --.l -t a itfoap of 

a,.,,!,.,,,.,.. ■«„<„-, .....r, Hvnr bank, 820 feet nurtbw>.l 
"f.i">'' ■■- ■ 1 liriam'aiaod; belns>pikoln 


83.4777 


ioH.sai 


TB- 1I.M1 


I."'i'r ■ .J ^.-It Greek, Imilo below Saw 


8:1. 91 W 


iD8.saa 


S*J1. Cn.k- 


i;.r . :..«.. iw mpnth; being eptka to 






Aft.aa.mii^v.... 


IauiLl.<'N,'i"-"-»''''' ^'"''i''raDkfu^t, MS fMt Mnth nf 






V-V'rv.Ubk. 


»wt (urn. north. U ft«t MnO, of and aoroai road from 






B 






■ 


haute uf R, U. Elliott, 1 fMt weat of the •not feneo and 






■ 


aw reel aouth of esntar of bridge ovar omaU cnek ; being 






IS-fci-np 


£.x!HSSVB«--«;;vii.-.>™v,.- 


w.ivm 


-18.014 


"«- »(.&..:::. 




hi.wt 




trJi-»'lo^(?liSi*ofMr-EUlo(fa bo™\ botog' e"iko° uT wot 






■ "- aj.M3 


of nnu Ifw acmth of gal*. 
la ■■ Kiiw Frnnkfort. 3?fi feet above the Fenj Landing. K 
r.« (f>.m river bank, between ri.orand n«J: being .piko 


e;i.g7» 


30&SB1 










in tbe iipnonnoilonBof agronpof ootlonwooil treei. 






^ "- *t.a* 


la 1 mile i.Ihivo (he Ferry Landing Bl New l-runkrnrt. in 
•lie nnnbwiotoornai of timber lot, 25 feet noalb of road 


HI. 1711) 


^ 










fen™. IWi feet rrom old rtver bant; being aplke in the 






' '^- v>» 


we>it>uotofaUu.|iieh<>]m. 






la H mi1« :iliarE New Frankfivt, fiOD feet nbove the nnper 
edge of Bfst timber. 100 fert from river bank, on Iruid 


W.llg3 


210. nea 










ooued l>y the wlduw Semi i being apiketn root ofitUri^ 






Stiw 


I*atnil"™»bovo[JcwFrankfon,|milomrai rivor and i 
luni from foot of bluff. 1 mOa beluw Ur, CampbeU'a 
hunae and 1 mihi weat of J. A. Barman's home, on iiiid 
nwne.1 by iVood Gillam. IM fMt nortb of oaet-and-wat 


K.asos 


214. MS 
















ftm-B on south alilflorHelil: briugapikoln rout of »Ull 
tune t.iiluiinm>d 3 fbat in ilWietor. 












»»,t«T 


b B mtle* Above Hew Frankfurt, at old ail* nf tamnill, 
wJicro old ™nd running w«t Along foot of bluff turui 
aonih over Hie bluff Btulfram wbiqh point a lane runs 
Don b about 1 mile to Mr. Campbeira bouse, i2» feet nliovt 


M.WQO 


313. «ra 










■Ule of laiiBi bsing sapper bdtfnll.M.eltuie. 








OverPB, M. IS7 .... 






'*t.BT:.:;::: 


I» lo Tioiulty of P. B. M. 197, at foot of bloffi on lontb aide 
of roa.io<'['<«lt«tln>lte of old xwnilU. ISO feet aoet of 
lane running north to Ur. CnmpbeH'e house and about 


Hd.ilOB 


aialiBT 


^.M. 


mot of a broken elm, 18 Inchealn diamewr. 








^.n23 


tl6.T!T 


■^riwt 


bnuki b"lDg>pik6iaUioe«lroolDt anelm, aOincbeiin 






"•U-JW 


diameter. 






Ii at We foot of bialT t mflo nbove whore Gnvea Creak 
L-oinea out of bluff, on Wd of H.rmon Huff, at north aiile 


TI.7S3a 


aae.ut 










of oriJianI and south edge of woods, in flflhrowof apple 
trees fi-om enel fence o7 orohar-U being spike In south 












»iLieu.v... 


root of ap|,le tree. 
Is oppiwiui tiutkbom Point at foot nf hlnlT W feet WMt of 
line bi'tweon secUnns V? and 28 X. S3, It. 10 W. on land of 
Samuid Wood, nortb of bam on lop of bioif, 11 IMt loulli 
of <u>i u»d west fence running along foM of blulT, Ko fMt 
ea.t of tbe ■'old mnlborry wmacr being oupper boll U. 


«.»870 


2IS.4BS 










a. M. et-ne. 






l*» 


OverP, B.U.1SS 


87.2291 




^tia 


Is about 100 fMt west of P. B. U. lM,nS feetoutot "old 
blinr. to tk»>t north of eu). nnd west feaco pset P. B. M. 


87.24W 


meu 










IMonlandofSamuelWoodi being aplke lo fool of al. 






ij^wi 


U on • r"'.""^ii i-"^'.! 1 niji r«-f aoutb of the month of Salt 


88.7730 


OB. 071 




r,.-. 1 ." iKlweaa two aeldsi being 






"ILW 


.|..' .I.Meao-loohrfn.. 
Ia"T. < . ..( Bmnswlsk Island, | mile 
■".«, abov. mouth o^5re«k. 

l"i'v. ivrmn Downing and Andv 

Vm>.i....- ~., ,...,.. ..; runt aoutU of high bank. U 


«.»« 


a8.»» 










feet iiortlj u( gMic, «>, ilii, ^v.>•l■ldeoff■B», attheourtb- 








waatCflmnrnfOjTTUs Itnwiiloe'a debl, where roui leavea 








oroek «nd ™io™ Peld , being Hopper boll in B. U. stone. 






'•'"s 


Oy«P^U,iML,,,^.,.,..,...,...,., , ......... 


68.1448 


M3,B7» 



4116 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ^RMY. 
Descripiiona and elevations of precise level bench marks, etc, — Contiimed. 



Number. 



P. B. M. 170=>V -- 



Top of cnp , 

T.B. M.3-t9 



P. B. M. 171= Y- 



Deaciiption. 



Top of cap.. 
T. B.M.351. 



P.B. M. 172. 



Top of cap 

T. B. M. 352 

T. B..M:.353 



T. B. M. 354 = Old 
B. M. ir>4. 



T. B. M. 355 



P. B. M. 173. 



T. B. M. 3:)7 — B. 
M. "C.'onSTS. 



P. B.M. 175. 
Miaiiii. 



Top of rnp. . 
T. B. M. 3:>8. 



P. B. M. 170. 



T.B.M. 35D 



T. B.M.3C0. 



Ib opposite the mouth of rrrnnd River, 20 feet west of the 
southwest corner of the NE. J of NE. i sec. 24, T. 53. B. 
21 W. on the 80ut)i side of the east and west lane between 
Mr. White's house, on the west abd Mr. Sullivan's house 
on the east, 130 feet west of larjre b1aze<l ebu ut edge of 
woods on north and field on south, 49 feet south from a 
small elm blazed ; bein<; copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B.M. 170 

Is 419 feet east of P. B. M. 171 about 06 feet west of T. W. 
Wood's house, 3 feet north of south road fence; being 
spike in root of a lone cottonwood, 2G inches in diameter. 

Is opposite De Witt, Mo., on lino running east and west 
through center of section 22. T. 53, 11. 21 W., 60 feet west 
of i post between sections 22 and 23 about 820 feet west of 
S. W. Wood's house at south road fence; beiug copper 
bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 171 

le opposite De Witt, Mo., on the wast edge of north snd 
south road about If miles south of where it reaches the 
river bank and U miles north of Mr. Davenport's two- 
story frame dwelling; being highest point of a bent wire 
spike in root of a lone 3i)-inch s^'camoro. 

Is 2^ miles below Miami, Mo., in the southeast comer of 
Miami and De Witt road, where the road turns north, 459 
feet Bontb of Mr. Davenport's two l-story frame house, 5 
feet south of east-and-west fence between Davenport's 
and Wilson's fields, 1 foot e»st of the east-road fence; 
being top of copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B.M. 172 

Is 13 feet west of P. B. M. 172, 459 feet south of Mr. Daven- 
port's large white two-story frame house; being spike in 
north root of a 16-inch hlac-k walnut. 

Is 2 miles below Miami, Mo., ^ mile north of corner at foot of 
blufl'where the highway turns north, in large yard west 
of farmhouse, i milesoiith of point where road turns east, 
and 98 feet east of enst side of road ; being spike in the 
we.«4t root of a 30-inch elm. 

Is 3,280 feet below tlie landing at Miami, 1,064 feet below 
mouth of creek, at lower end of rocky shore and 20 feet 
south of edge of road ; being nail in root of a 2J foot sugar 
maple. 

Is at the lower side of Miami. Mo.. ^ mile along shore below 
the 8teaml>oat landing, 820 feet below mouth of creek, on 
the north side of wagon road, whrre road comes to river; 
being spike in the north root of an elm 30 inches in 
diameter .standing near the river bank. 

la about 1,640 fpot below the tlouring mill at Miami. 295 feet 
above upper bank of creek, 5J feet above surface and 
6 feet from edge of water at a medium stage, in fae« of 
ledge; being center of punch mark in copper bolt leaded, 
horizontally. 

Ls on east .side of road from landing to town, on west bank of 
small .stream 25 feet from river bank at Smith &, Boyer's 
warehouse; being top of knob chi.Heleil in rock ledge. It 
is said to bo of the same elevation as liigh water of 1881. 

Is in Miami, at the Ferry Landing, on the west side of 
8tn»et. 40 feet from river, at tlie northeast corner of flour- 
ing mill of J. G. Guthrie: being coi>per bolt in B.M. 
stone. 

Is in Miami, Mo., at same place aa P. B. M. 175, on foun- 
dation of l>rick flouring mill owned by J. G. Guthrie, at 
itH noitlieaat ct)rner; being Iiiglicst point in square. 

Is 2,8^r» f«;et above tJje present landing at Miami, 295 feet 
above cret^k at old Miami Ferry Landing, 4 feet almve sur- 
faco of water at a medium stage and 7 feet from shore, in 
west face of rock ; being center of punch mark in copper 
bolt leaded horizontally. 

Is in tlie Maine lo<aHty a.s P. B. M. 170. 130 feet below it, 
ai>out 1 foot above surface of ground and 3 feet from shore 
at medium stage; beiny; higiiest imiut in square cut on 
natural ledge, markwl I'. G S. 

Is I mile above Miami, 2,or)0 le«'t below the creek which is 
outh't to Lake Tete.seaii, at foot of l)lulf, 15 feet from 
river. .34.5 feet below path running over bluff to Miami, 
on largest bowlder in this vicinity: Ix'iug square cut on 
top of shoulder at its base, <m river sith'., marked U. U S. 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



67.5291 



68.7684 
68.9885 



67.7800 



Feet. 



221.554 



69.0161 
69.3173 



68.5800 



225.620 
226.346 



222.877 



226,433 
227.421 



225.006 



69. 8224 229. 078 
69.5609 ! 228.220 



69.4862 



71.8287 



70.5984 



227.975 



235.660 



231.624 



69.C983 1 228.671 



70.8579 1 232.475 



70.4282 ' 231.066 



71.6716 1 
71. 6911 



69.2279 



235.145 
234.881 



227.128 



68.4688 224.637 



72.2563 237.064 



APPENDIX Z Z REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4117 

DeBcriptions and elevaiioM of pre^iise level bmvh marks, etc, — Continued. 



Namber. 



T.I1.H.361 



Description. 



Elovation. 



Top of cap 

T.B.M.362 

T.B.H.364 

P.B.M.178 



Top of cap 
T.B.M.3^ 



T.B.M.3eO 



T.B.M.371 



T.B.M.372 



la about 1 1 mile* above Miami, on the cant bank of Hmall 
atreain,the outlet of IVteitttaii Lalce. about half way l>e- 
tween the mouth of thin cTfcIc anil point whtTo wn^onroad 
tuiHH lip the blnfV, went of ciiliivatcd ground, 25 foct from 
feuco; bbiiia apike in riHit of a 'i-foot Hjcumore. 

P. B. M. 177= V 1 I* '^1 niiloit alMtve Miami, wliere tho road running to [.aynen- 

vUlc leavea Hio bluff. Or> foct K. 10^ N. of Huiall b'rid<;e 
whore n»ad cro.sHua diHcharj^^c dih-li, 'SM* fret abov(> the 
80uth«niHt c(»n»er of tield. about *2() tV*et weHt of renter of 
road and GO feet from foot of bluff, bcriug cop]H.>r b<iit in B. 
M. atone. 

Over P. B. M. 177 

la 2^mile8alM)ve Miami, where the w;i>(ou roadfroni iiaynea- 
viile re achoa bluff, about ^{0 fei't from foot of bluff; being 
spike In the wo!«t root of a 'ju inch «dm. 

Is about 1 mile south of the cuHt end of Millera I.sland, and 
3| miles above Miami, 505 feet t^elovr houxe of B. F. Smith, 
at south edge of vrat;ou road where road follows the old 
river bank; boin;; spike in the ro(»t of an dm. 

Is south of the center of Tet<?.Heau Bvnd, about 1,700 feet 
ftoui the river, at the east side of Jos. II-ilderbrnnd> yard, 
125 feet north of honno. 80 fe< t east of east road fence and 
40 feet south of south farm lune fom'«; bein;; top of cop- 
per l>olt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 178 

Is in the same localitv an P. B. M. 178, on oast side of road, in 
north part of Jos.llilderbrand's yanl, Snfort from renter 
of road, 10 feet south from the soiith side of farm lane, in 
south root of a 14-imrh oak; being the highest point of a 
bent wire spike. 

Is at the upper part of Tetcsean Bend, about 2k miles below 
Laynesville, 770 feet l)clow Ilichanl Jlilderorand'a saw- 
mill, on river side of road, 15 feet from center, whore the 
road turns south away from the river: being nail in 30- 
iocb eottonwooil stunip. 

Is 1^ miles l>elow laynesville, on the south side of wa^on 
road, in the northwest corner of lot owned by (ioorjre ^ye, 
100 feet below house of T. H. Lejrg; boiug'^ spike in the 
north root of a 2-foot black walnut. 

Is 1 mile below Laynesville, Mo., on south side of road to 
Miami: being spike in the east root of a 'M) inch lime. 

Is in I^aynesville, on the went side of road goiiitr noutli 
out of town, in yanl in front of old frame hou.Me. 245 feet 
above east-and-west road running past the iiostotlico to 
river; being spike in root of n 10-inch black walnut. 

Is in Saline County,Mo.. 1 mile southeast of LnyncKville, at 
Bortb fence of road between t4)wnKhipA 51 :iud 52, A,li~d 
feet west of the southeast corner of section X\, T. 52, 
K. 22 W., and 120 feet east (»f bridge over Da vies Lake; 
Iteing top of copper bolt in B. M. stone sot 3 feet beluw 
burfaoe of ground. 

Over P.B.M.179 

Is IJ miles bv road al)ove Laynesville, N. 15° W. of Mr. B. 
F. KuLherfonVs house, 105 feet below laiieleadins; to same, 
on north side of wagon road, being a spike in south root 
of a 30-inch twin nycamore. 

Is I mile below Malta Ben-I Landing, on south side of rond, 
l,6i0feet above large gate ucfohm same, on a high black 
walnut stump; being top of s]>ike driven to Hurfacc. 

Is at Malta liend Lantfing. 300 feet west of houKe occupied 
bv S. Hugh, in west lin'oof rt)ad. on land owned by Churle.s 
Yon Stone; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 18'J 

la f mile aliove Malta Bend Lnndinff. 984 feet west of east 
edge of very dense woods, on the sduth .nidc of wagon 
road; being spike in root of a boxelder 24 inches in 
diameter. 



T.B.M, 373 
lAvueaville. 

P.B.M.179=V... 



T(»of 



^Kr!^:::::::: 



T.B.M.375 

S-BW-iao 

^jjta Bend Laud- 

?M.^5{^::::::: 



T.RM.378 



P.aM.181 



Top of 01^. 



Is 11 miles east of bridge over outlet to h wamps, 25 feet west 
ofontlet to Grand Pass Luke, and ^ of a mile eaat of Mr. 
Ayer's residence, 150 feet west of point where wagon road 
turns south awiyv from river; being 8])ike in the south- 
west root of a 6-fbot cottimwood. 

Is 2 miles above Malta Bend Laudincr, in front of Crrnnd Pas^ 
I^ake, i mile back from]iresont river bank. 3GU feet back 
from road that follows old river bank, in Fred ^yer'a 
front yard, 18 feet from its northwest corner and G inches 
south from front fence, G feetaibove small gate, and 72 feet 
from the northwest corner of house: being copper bolt in 
B. M. stone. 
Over P. B. M. 181 



MeU'i-s. I Feet. 



71.6852 235.190 



70.0417 , 229.798 



71,2840 2.?3.876 
71. 3145 2:<3. 974 



72.4259 237.020 



71. 229G 233. 695 



72. 461 3 2,'l7. 736 
72. 165G 236. 76G 



73.6086 ' 241.500 

I 

73.90G7 , 242.478 

74. 1725 ' 243. 350 

73.25Kn 240.352 

72.5047 • 237.878 



73.7453 ' 241.949 
73. 7062 241. 820 



75.0054 246.083 
72.7512 ; 238.687 



73.9916 242.757 
74.1559 243.296 



74.2510 : 243.608 



73.4572 i 241.004 



74.6959 245.067 



^^^ 4118 REPORT Of THE CHIEIF OF ENQINEERH, TT. S. 


ABUT. 


1 


^fe Deivripti 


n» ond flfoonliun. ofpremtv level benvk morfca, eld. —Con tinned 


.1 


^^H 




BlavaUon. ^fl 


^B 








Meier.. 


Feol. 


^H T.B.U.3ai 


Ii3jinUeiabaveMftlUBcodLHi<lin|i, onnid rlvecbuik. 
■Wot l,S6U feet from pt'esenlbuilcwlierehlgbway bridge 
cmi»w tbe ontlet from like., 36 fcet eoiith of .Iremn, nt 
uorth e^lsf. oT WDOdn : beliiK ai>lka in tbe aoutb rooC of a 


Tt.atM 


SU.SM 


^^M T,B.M.U3 


IB 1 mile norlh of QnuWl You lake, on noKh mil enuth 
md. In lleid 20 feet »mC of the we«( blRhway bnoe, TTD 
toet Mnlb of 3. Y. Chrlinuin'i ane-aloT>- friune liouw. b; 
c™».nul fence; being epike ia H-iach ebn. 


7t.83OT 


WS.KW 


^^K F.B,U.18S=V — 


la about Si nilea belo? \faTaty. m feet eut of point in 

loBdinlVontarbDDBeDwnsdbyS.H.UaarSDDwaiHiiitilMl 


74.TTBT 












by Jobn Plattom, 4 fliet nnctb of eantli tann of eeollon 








line ro.d between eectiane a ud 8, T. M. R. 33 W., 1,106 
t«ct west of eoDtheMt oornec of >e<i. G , being eepver b«U 




























■ TTra:::::::: 


I» near P. B. if. m, on (iwd rnniunK enal uid weet, aimit 

by John Plnttern-e barnyard ttaoe; being top or«pike In 

Ib abuut 3 m'llei below Waverly, 1 mile oortb of rallraad 


TsiTll* 


ai&aw 


^B 






^K T.B-M.sea 


Te.T3l)8 


351. TT4 




past tbe weat end of Gilham'a Lake, with eoatuid weS 














rond. In tbe aoutbewt coTner of woods .Inet west uf land 








owned by Mra. Caluhan, on line wicta weat aide of nortb- 
aod-aoBlb road ; being top of spike in eaat root of 3-fo*l 














WackwalnoL 






^B T.B.M.3S7 


Ii'oiitboeBBCalde of wagon nud, at tbe wi»I end of 011- 
biun-aLoke. 1.3HI foot north of Mi-aouri Paelfle irMk ; being 
lop of apike in the WBxt toot of SO-iDOh bUek widaul. 


is.tnm 


M&Mt 


^M p.aM.ia3 


Ia a niilea below Waverlv. Mo., at foot of bluff, HI teet 
from center of tmot, at weat aide of wagOD ro»d. 1 foot 
eait of fence aouth of the weat end oTGilham'a Like. 


1B.SBM 


MOlOI 










nil te»l from bridge Ko. ffl and SIS feat buni went oatUa 








gaard M road croaelng MKaonrl pMifle trwilt ; being oep- 








pei'^KJ^tl^B^, lUie. 






■ ?«*:::::::; 






ietu 




TO^MiS 




Paeiflo track at road orniwing, at eaat edge of wagon read : 








bdngtoi. ofapikoln2-rootBlffl. * ^ 






^P T.B,M.3g9 


T8.81M 






Lafayette and Saline cmintlea, IBO leot above bridge No. 








Sa, oh ci>er aide of track. 15 feet from eeoteri being^hlgb- 








eat point in aqau« cut la rock. 






^ft, I'.B,M.1W=V.-- 


Ia li mllea boiow Waverlj-, Mo.. KM feet north of track, on 
land owned by Cbarioa Walton, in oomer of Held, 17T 
lottt, &. »° sd' S. (M>a). from a point on aeetlon lino 
between aoodon. W Md II. T. Bl E. 2* W., wblcli polul 


u.Kia 


MS.W 














^H 


Over P-BTm. 184 






^^1 T!%.M.siiG:^ridB. 


TS.ITW 


asau 


I« inlle below Waverly. BO feet from rWer bunk, at nppet 
edge of titoberi beioit top ofipike iu aouth root of a.rb»t 


^^H 






^^1 T.B.U.m 


I.*i^ifetaFow WavErW depot and T70 feet below bi.hway 
r'o»lBg. on blnff alcIeol^Mlhwurl Paolfio track. ^3 i^ 
[ramceut4)r; belnglilghoat point in aquarecut on aiook. 

lainWavKCly, Mo.,a1»ot imile bulowaepol. IWfeet «.uth 


si.osoo 


at&n 


^^1 T. B. H. ie&=;- 


8£«SSI 


STLU 


^V Wanr];, 


of Mleiouri Pacifle track, in northweai comer of lot 
owned by W. MUnor. 20 feet until of north line of lot 
and 10 incbee eaat of weat fenee; being ooi.per bolt InB. 






H . P8S-&::::::: 


B3.MIU 


ttLM 


la bi same comer otfleid aa P.B. M.1M; bd^g iop of a'p'lke 




in weat root of InrRB Bin.. 






^H OkOEO 


AI Waverlv la at foot of road mnning down blpfT trim liie 
town and crooalng track inst below depot. It U an In- 


«0.OMS 


m,m 










dined slaffgange. ElevntW of lla zero. 
Xaone mile above Warerly on lut end of bridge Ko. Gh 






^^H p.aM.tu 


mvia 


mos 




MUsoori PaeiHe Railway, on eonth end of bridge aeat 








atone, B Inohea weat trum rottdniiig waU and B inrhoa blok 
from fhee of bridge aaat atoneileingtopof Mpperbolt 














leaded VBrtlcnlly- 






^B T.B,M.:iM 


lanearP. B. M.'lsa,anuorthendeartab<>tn»«jlnr tune 
bridge. S inchoa east of norfhweat cumsr. and » inobea 

Is 11 niilea above Waverlv. on aouth end of eaat abatment 
b^geea«t eour»B of brtdRc So. Sl.Hlaaonri Paoino Rail- 


""" 


aaa-w* 


^H F.B.M.lgI 


■a.szn 


3U.M 










way. B fnchea weat of retaiubie wall and » inubeh bank 
ftmn fiweibidngtopor oopper Twit loaded Tortleally. 






■ 















APPENDIX Z Z REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4119 

■ 

J)escripiion8 and elevations of precise level bench marks, etc, — Continued. 



Kamber. 



t 



T.B.M.^97. 



P.B. M. 188... 



Top of cap — 
T.B. 11.399.... 



P.B. M. 189t=V. 



Top of cap 

P. B. M.IUO , 



T. B. M.402 

P.B.M.191 



P. B. M. 192. 
£d wards. 



Top of cap . 
T.B. M.4U3. 



P. B.M.193=V.. 



Ton of rap 

T.B.M.407 



T.B. H. 408 

T.B. 11.409 



T.B. 11.194. 
lH>ver. 



Top of can 

1* .«. M. 1»5=V 
BerUn. 



Top of can. 
'.fi.H.lM 



1*-B.M.196 



T.RM.411..... 
PB.M.W..... 



T. a U. 412. 
Trtw Creek. 
J. B. H. U». 
Aittlinip. 



DescriptioD. 



Is nt^ir F. B. M. 187, on uorth end of same abutment, 14 
incbcs cast from northwuHt Conner of stone and 3 inches 
back from face; being highest point in square marked U. 
D S. 

Is about 11 miles above Waverly, Mo., 10.5 foet ehst of the 
east end of bridge Ko. 52, on south side Missouri Paciilc 
track and 30 feet from bank of small stream. 3.:) feet east of 
10-inch elm, at foot of blnlf, on flat spot of ground; being 
copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

(h'orP. B. M.188 

Is 3.3 feet west of P. B.'M. 188 ; being top of spike in root of 
10-inch elm. 

la about 2^ miles above Waverly, Mo., on Mi.ssonri Pacific 
Bail way bridge No. 51, on lirst bout from east end ; being 
top of drift bolt over pile at the north end of cap. 

Is 4 miles above Waverly, 2^ mih^s below Kdwanls. 50 feet 
above bridge 47, Missouri Pacific Kwy., bluff side of 
track, 100 feet from center and 40 feet northeast of a clus* 
ter of six lime trees (blazed). 

OverP. B.M.189 

Is H miles below Edwards, Mo., at point of bluff, 738 feet 
below bridge No. 40, Missouri Paeilic K w^'., on south side 
of track, 12.4 feet nrom center aud 3.9 ieet above grade: 
being the center of punch mark in copper bolt leadea 
horizontally into natural leilge. 

Is 1} mQce below Edwards^ 785 feet below bridge No. 46, on 
south side of track 10 feet from center; being highest 
point in square cut on natural ledge. 

Is at Eilwanls, Mo., in north face of foundation of old mill, 
83 inches west of east window and 3 feet below top of 
foundation ; being center of punch mark in copper uolt 
leaded horizontally. 

Is at Edwards, Mo., 730 feet below depot, 130 feet north of 
northwest corner of EUlward's mill, 154 feet southeast of 
zmilroad bridge No. 42, 95 feet SSW, of lower bead-dock 
of sidinff, 33 feet above road crossing, 72 feet south of cen- 
ter of Missouri Pacific track, and 1^ feet north of south 
right-of-way fence; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 192 

Is 030 feet below depot at Edwards, 45 feet below bank of 
small creek under bridge No. 42, Missouri Pacific Kwy., 
on south side of track 59 feet from center ; being highest 
I>oint in square out on imbedded rock. 

Is 3 miles below Dover deiiot, 164 feet south of Missouri 
Pacific track, in NNVJ. of S¥^. of Sec. 9, T. 51, R. 25 W., 
in W. D. Ballard's yard, between house and well, in line 
with north side of liouso nud 14 feet from the northwest 
comer; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Orer P. B.M.193 

Is about 2g miles below Dover, | miles below water tank, 
574 feet below bridge No. 35, blufl" sido of Missouri Pacific 
track 28 feetfirom center; being highest point in square 
out on rock. 

Is 1^ miles below Dover, on stone foundation of water tank, 
at the southeast comer; being hiehfMtt point in square. 

Is 3,100 feet below Dover, Mo., at lower eud of bridge 33; 
being top of sjpike in south end of cap over pile. 

Is at Dover, 30 feet west from the road crossing, attho south- 
east corner of depot platform, 48. 5 feet eawt of the east 
end of depot, on south side of track 12 feet from center; 
being copper l)olt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 194 

la in Berlin, Mo.,* 580 feet N. 87^' W.' from Y. E." iiray's' 
brick house on bluflT, on bluff side of track 145 feet from 
center, 425 feet below bridge No. 26, aud 1,030 feet above 
bridge No. 27; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. «. M. 195 

Is in Berlin, in south end of east stone abutment to bridge 
No. 26, 3 feet below grade of track ; being top of copper 
bolt leaded vertically. 

Is very close to P. B. M. 196, on south end of west abut- 
ment; being highi^Ht point in square marked XJ. U S. 

Is 1 mile below Northrup, Mo., ou south end of west pier of 
iron bridge No. 25 across Bi^ Tabo tJreck, in line with 
west side of pedestal, one loot south of same ; being 
copper bolt loailecl vertically. 

Is near P. B. M. 197, ou south' end of east pier; beiag high- 
eat point in square marked U. a S. 

Is ImO feet aboTO section house at Northrnp, Mo., 328 feet 
belnw east bank of side hill cut. on blutf Hide of track 75 
liMtfhmi center; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



Fwit. 



80.3714 1 263.688 



79.0434: 261.300 



80.8788 I 265.353 
80. 5900 I 264. 407 



80.2438 



87. 8479 



82.8768 
82. 1962 

79.5628 



80.8061 
80.7711 



81. 5390 



82.7785 
81.5564 



82.2124 
80. 7282 
80. 4469 



81. 6869 
82.0227 



83. 2583 
82. 7916 



83.4183 
81.8869 



263.269 



80. 6082 284. 150 



288.217 



83.4110 273.661 



271.908 
269. 675 

261.035 



265. 114 
264.999 



267. 519 



271.586 
267. 576 



269. 728 
264. 859 
263. 930 



268.004 
269. 106 



273. 100 
271. 628 



273.685 
268.660 



82. 1482 269. 518 

I 
84.0020 275.600 



4120 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 
De$cription8 and elecations of precise level bench markSj etc. — Coutiuued. 



Nninl>er. 


Deacription. 


Klevatiun 




Meters. i\ 

1 






. 



Top of cap. 
T. B. M. 415 



Orer P. B. M. 198 

Is about ot^ven-eij^htha mile abore section bouM at North- 
rup, 1,7H5 feet below Missouri Pacific bridj^e No. 22, 
28n ffHst below sign "station one mile," on sandstone 
ledge : lN>ing liigbeitt point in square. 

P. B. M. 199=V Is •'»i miles brlow Lexingt4)u, Mo., near tbe center of wide 

bottom land 1^ miles below point where bluff leaves river, 
ill tbe northeast comer of northwest i of northwest i of 
Sec. 29. 63» feet south of the Missouri Paciilc track. 100 
feet Houthweat of tbe southwejtt corner of a small log- 
honso owned by Wm. Maytield, 2 feet west of a north and 
south fence; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OverP.B. M. 199 

Is 4^ mileH below Lexington, Mo., 820 feet above end of 
bridge No. 21, Missouri Pacific Railway, and about ^{23 
feet above end of long side-hill cut, on Ijluff side of track 
12 fLM't from center; being highest point in square cut in 
natural ledge. 

Is 3| miles below Lexington, Mo., on south end itf west 
abutment, bridge seat course, of Missouri Pacific 
Kwy., bridge No, 19,9 inches east of retaining wall, and 
14 inc;hes north from face; being top of copper bolt 
leaded vertically. 

Is about 3 miles l>elow Lexington, Mo., at Missouri Pacitic 
Kwy. bridge No. 17, on north end of west abutment, in 
northwuHt comer of coping stone ; being highest point in 



Top of cap. 
T. B. M. 419 



P.B.M.200 



T.B.M.420 



P.B.M.201 



Top of cap 

T.B.M.421 

P.B.M.202 



T.B.M.422 



P.B. M. 203=V•-• 



Topof cap. 
Gauge 

T.B.M.423 



P.B.M.204 . 
Lexington. 



T.B.M.424 



P.B.M.205=OldB. 
M. 190. 



T.B.M.425-^ldB. 
M. 191. 



Xu-e cut on rock and marked U. Q S. 
ut 2) miles below Lexington, Mo., about in middle of 
1.200 foot tangent on Missouri Pacific track, at foot of 
blufi*, 32.8 feet from track center. 150 feet below bridge No. 
15, on east side of small cimle^* and 8 feet south of rights 
of-wav fence; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 201 

Is 150 feet l>elow P. B. M. 201, 300 feet lielow bridge No. 15, at 
foot of bluff, 75 feet from track center; being top of spike 
in north root of a 14-inch hickory. 

Is about 2^ miles below foot of Pine street. Lexington, Mo., 
on south side of west abutment of bridge No. 14, Mis- 
souri Pacitic Kwy., on bridge seat course, 8 inches from 
rot-ainin*; wall and 8 inches trom face; being lop of copper 
bolt lea(ied vertically. 

Is li miles below foot of Pine street, Lexington. .')40 feet below 
head block of switch to coal mine, 1 5 feet north of Missouri 
Pacific track, near river bank, on large imbedded bowlder 
being highest point in square. 

Is in lower part of Lexington, 1.770 feet below Missonri 
Pa<ific bridge No. 8, at foot of Pine street, UO feet from the 
northeast end of Missouri Pacific bridge No. 10, on bluff 
side of track, by wire fence ; being copper bolt in B. M. 
stone. 

Ovt^r P. B. M. 203 

At Lexington is 1,968 feet below foot of Pine street, 82 feet 
above house of J. S. Walters; being an inclined staff gauge 
elevation of its zero. 

Is 98 feet above inclined gauge, 1,900 feet below Missonri 
Pacific bridge No. 8, at foot of Pino street, 180 feet above 
J. S. Walter R bouse, 262 feet below Missouri Pacific bridge 
No. 10. on bluff side of track, 40 feet from center; being 
highest point in square cut on rock. 

Is in I^ixington, Mo., at the footof Pine street, in north face 
of retaining wall, 13 feet west of the east end and 30 feet 
below center of stream running over top of this wall ; it is 
in the third courne of masonry from top, 3.3 feet below 
same; being center of punch mark in copper bolt leaded, 
horizontally. 

Is in Ix'xington. 1 foot lower and 1 foot further down stream 
than P. B. M. 204 ; beinj; highest point in square cut on top 
of fourth course of masonry from top, in retaining wall. 

Is in I^xington, Mo., in point of bluff on west side of Pine 
stTcM't, 210 feet from river and 19.5 feet west of west fence 
along Pine street: being horisontjtl furrow in copper bolt 
leaded horizontally iot(» natural ledge. 

Is I| mile:* abovtf Ferry landing at Lexint^ton, 655 feet above 
city limit s, at north end of rock arch bridge over Graham's 
Creek, directly over arch, near top of parapet wall, on top 
at the rtouthcHHt corner of cut rock inscribed Crum and 
Hackett, 18->8. A cross is cut in the south face (road side) 
of the stone, which at the intersection is 1 inch below tbe 
bench. 



85.2.T77 
84.H28C 



80,1792 



81. 4240 
85. 8911 



88.3108 
88.6042 



21 
86.0799 2t 



84.498G 



83. 7174 



84. 9574 






27 
27 



2C 



2C 
2t 



86.2875 ; 2^ 



88.7585 ! 2J 



87.0702 m 



o> 



2" 



'K 



2^ 



00. 9791 'A 



86.0974 ; Ti 



I 
83.6602 i Ti 



83.4072 ! 27 



93.4360 . 3€ 



86.2873 ! 2i 



APPENDIX ZZ — ^EEPOET OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4121 
IkicriptioM and eleratioHS of precise level beiich marks j etc. — Continued. 



Kiinber. 



P.BL1L206 



Description. 



P.aif.207 



Topftf rai) 

T.B.M.4J7 



Pax.ao8 



Top of c»|> . 

T-Bjr.429,0id"B. 
M.t)i. 



J; ^ M. 209=M 



T.B.H.4aO, 



P.B.M.210... 
T.B.M.431... 

P.B.M.2n.., 



Top of 



T.kii 



''ap 



■**» ••••*) 



T;B.M.«4 









T.B.M.430 



Is on same bridge as Old B. M. 191, between tlio two brnntrhoH 
of the Missouri IWiflc tra<-k. 2,345 feet briuw the Jiiuc- 
tiou defkut. 40 feel west from the eust en«l of wall, on uorth 
fd4%. 44 feet above frmiind, nnd '.) fe^et Ih'Iow ooi>iii<; HtoTie, 
30.5 iiicheseast fioi» center of an-h ; bein^ centi^r uf ])unch 
mark in copper bolt leaileil borizoiituU^> . 
Is about 2| miles above the ferry binding at Lcxiii^toD, 410 
fei't below sidiufr to J. C. Mdlrew's coal mine. 150 fe«?t be- 
low house occapied by Edward Koarwell on land owned 
by IteedaiidTuylor familiea. direotIvo|»]iositeHnial! Itrid^e 
on waifon roaii and culvert on rullroad. on hint)' Hide of 
traek. W) feet from center, ami 125 feet from WH;;on road: 
Iteiutf copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over r. IJ. M. 207 

Is 1,105 feet below mile post '248, 175 feet above J. C. Mr- 
Gr«w's(*oal mine No. 2, at end of nidin<; for mine..) ii»t out- 
side of riKht of waVi on blnft' side of track; being top of 
spike in root of 18-inrti oak. 
Is 3i miles below Wulliutrton. Mo., 1.605 feet below the ejiat 
end of Mis«ioari Pacific bridge No. 14'», over Littli; Snv 
Creek, 4 milealwve the mouth of siloniy^h nt foot of Wolf 
Island, 490 feet nortli of forks of road, at foot of liill. on 
roaitside, 10 feet northeast of a lone i-od (»ak 20 inchcH in 
diameter. 4 feet from corner of field and 62 fe^t eat) t of 
track center: being copper bolt in K. M. Mt4)nc. 

Over P. B. M. 208 

Is 2 miles below Wellington, Mo., on the line of the MIm- 
sonzi Pacific Rwy., oitpoftite bridge No. H5. 32^ tret l)e- 
low mile post 349', at the northeast corner of the east abut- 
ment of witf on bridge over Little Sny ('reek; being + 
cut in top of stone, 
la 1,950 fe4!t below "Wellington mill, 1,655 fe<«t above west 
end of MiHsouri Pacific bridge No. 149 over P.ii: SnyOeek. 
250 feet al>ovo bridge No. 150. ,55 feet alxive upper end of 
ooal dump, at point of bluff where blull recedes. :<5 feet 
soutb of r4^nter of Missouri Pacific trackn; being copiH-r 
bolt in B. M. stone. 

OverP. B.M 209 

Is 80 feut Itelow P. B. M. 200,.ju.st outsitie of Houth right of- 

way fence; being top of Hpiko in ir2-ineh elm. 
Is in Wellington, M«».. 400 feet beh)W thede])ot, at the north- 
east oomerof mill 5 iuchcH south from the corner, wnd 
25 inches above ground : being center of punch mark in 
copper bolt leaded borizon tally. 
Is in Wellington, 400 feet 1>elow*d(>pot, at the Houthenst cor- 
ner of mill, being highest point in square cut on titone 2 
inches above ground and marked l'. l'3 S. 
Is I mile al>ove Wellington. Mo., at the u|>|ier end of bridjie, 
No. 155, on blufT side of track, '.iO feet from center: being 
top of spike in north root of a 3U-inch elm. 
la 3,600 leet- below Waterloo, 226 feet above i-nal min*i of 
If r. Hartmann, 30 feet west of gate through which road 
leatis from coal mine up the blun. 10 feet north of w.igon 
road, directly north ot a one-story frame house on ed^eof 
blun, 62 f(wt south from Mi.sHimfi Pacific track center, 2 
feet outside of right of way; being copper bolt in I{. AI. 
stone. 

OverP. B.M. 211 

Is about 80 feet below P. B. M. 211, 3:{8 feet lielow head block 
of switob to coal mine. 44 fi^-t above the mine, 10 fi;et 
outHideof north right-of-way fence; being top of Hjdkein 
aoatb root of a 26-inch elm.* 
Is l| miles below Nai>(dc<»n, 2,050 feet above depot at Wa- 
terloo, 1,245 feet above road crossing. 1.555 fei*t above 
mile post 254, 30 feet outside of right of >\ay. on bluff 
side of track ; being top of si>tke in 13 inrh .sycamore. 
Is at Napoleon, Mo., 220 feet south of depot, at i'lNit of bluff, 
90 feet east of small crei4>k under trestle No. 161. Missouri 
Pacific Bwy., an<i about 75 feet south of wagon road ; be- 
ing «-opi>er 1)olt in B. M. stone. 

Over P.B. M.212 

la l.(»6?» feet above the dep<it at Napole«m. .">2i) feet above 
trestle No. Ifll, 2^t0 feet Im-1ow center of old tiour mill and 
same distance liehiw mile post 256. 32 feet south from cen- 
ter of Mi.Hsouri Pacific track: being top of spike in riM>t 
of 18-ineli walnut. 
Is abimt 1 mile alnive Naindeou. 1,840 feet below house of 
F. P. Ellis, 10 feet e:i8t of east end of open culvert, and 8 
feet south of ••••nter of Misncmri Pacific track; being 
highest point in sqiuire cut on natural ledge. 



Elevation. 
Meters. I l-'cet. 



85. 4440 280. 331 



85. 1027 279. 211 



86. 3434 283. 2.^2 
87.7208 2,^7.820 



I 
86.4110 283.503 



87. G-I3« I 287. 5 18 
86.3216 283.210 



88. 4422 i 290. 167 



R9.6P,5H ' 294.248 
8S. 4718 2'.M). 20-i 

92.3M73 303.111 



93. 2149 305. K26 



97.0.".33 320.388 



80.0867 . 2."J2.4:;9 



87. 3224 I 2S0- 4'.>3 
85.S9'J1 ■ 2.-< 1.821 



8.^.3945 290.011 



89.4074 ; 293.531 



90.7'Hi 297. rn« 
92.0716 ! 302-075 



93. 5646 : 306 973 



I 



4122 REPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARMY. 

Descriptions and elevations of precise level bench marks f etc, — Continued. 



Kamber. 



P.B.M.213 



Top of eap. 
T.B.M.4a7 



T.B.M.430 



T.B.lf.4iO 
Levasy. 



T.B.M.442 



P.B.M.214=V.... 



Topof c«p 



T. B. M. 445, old 

bench 210. 
Matthews Landing. 

T. B. M.446 



T. B. M. 447. 



X . JS. JeL • 44b ••••••. 



P. B.M.215. 



Topof cap... 
P. B. M. 210. 



T.B. M.449... 



T. B. M. 450. 
New Sibley. 



Deacrlption. 



It 2 milen above Napoleon. Mo., 390 feet below the lino be- 
tween JaclcRon and Lafayetto countioa, LV) feet below farm 
oroesing, 1,400 feet below bridge 164, 72 feet in direct 
line from bridge 163, 59 feet soiitn of center of track, on 
point of land between old Lexinf^on and Napoleon roads 
owned by Mr. Johnson, 8.6 feet northeast from an olm 
tree .% inches in diameter; being copper bolt in B. M. 
stone. 

OverP.B.M.218 

Is U miles below Leyasy, Mo., 137 feet below the east line 
oiJackson Coonty, 266'feet above trestle No. 163, Mis.souri 
Pacific Kwy., 90 feet ^M>ve farm crossing, on nortli side of 
track, at right-of-way fence; being top of spike in base of 
2-foot elm. 

Is i mile below Levasy, 1,410 feet below road crossing, 60 
feet below whistle post, 245 feet above farm crossing, on 
river side Missonii PaciOo track, 60 feet Arom center, at 
the lower end of a row of elms; being top of spike in root 
of 14-inohelm. 

Is in Levasv, Mo., 50 fe«t east of J. C. McGrow's grain ele- 
vator, at the south side of yard, owned by Mrs. Anna B . 
Hays, 60 feet north of center Missonri Pacific track ; be- 
ing top of a 6-inch spike in south root of 8-foot cotton- 
wood. 

Is about 1| miles south of Matthews Landing?, and ^ mile 
below F. W. Schwester's house, about 350 feet south of 
branch road running west up bluff, 1.3 fvet west of west 
fence: being top of spike in north root of 14-ineh elm. 

Is about 2 miles below Sibley Bridge, at Mnt thews Landing, 
890 feet south of river oank, in southwest comer of 

Sonng orchanl, 202 feet west from southwest comer of D. 
i*Donneirs house, at the east side of north and south 
road and on north side of lane leading past house; being 
copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B.M. 214 

Is at Matthews Landing, in center of north aud south road 
at point where road oomes to rivrr, between the houses of 
Isaiah Johnson and D. O'Donnell ; being top of spike in 
top of 30-inch oak stump about 18 inches high. 

Is at Matthews Landinz, 2 miles below Sibley Bridge, on the 
house of D. O'DonneU, east side of road, at tlio northwest 
comer of foundation : being the highest point in square 
cut on north wOHt quarter of cross . 

Is 1^ miles below Sibley Bridge and | mile above Matthews 
Landing, 50 feet from river and 75 feet from foot of bluff, 
200 feet above an old log house and 15 feet north from 
wagon road ; being top of spike in south root of 18-inch 
pin oak. 

Is 1 mile below Siblev Bridge, 590 feet below the one- 
story house occupied by Mr. Paris, 50 feet back from river 
bank, on east bank of small ravine, at mouth of which a 
large spring is flowing; being top of spike in south root 
of a 3-ioot bur oak. 

Is f mUe below the Santa Fe R. B. Bridge at Sibley, 55 
feet south from top of right bank in front of orchard, 
570 feet below farm house and 210 feet above tlio lower 
bnm, 35 feet north of wagtm road and 2U feet south of a 
small log house or corncrib ; being top of a spike in south 
root of 14 -inch black walnut. 

Is 1 mile below station at Sibley, Mo., at the south end of 
Santa Fe Bridge, across the river, 108 feet back from top 
of river bank, at foot of bluff, 75 feet east and 23 feet 
north of the northwest comer of land pier ; being copper 
bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 215 

Is at Sibley, Mo., on right bank in land pier of the Santa Fe 
Bridge, at the top and southwest comer of pier, 6 inches 
back from each beveled edge; being top of copper bolt 
leaded vertically. 

Is on top of bank, npstream side of south end of Sibley 
Bridge, 98 feet west of track center, 106 feet north of 
Andrew Brown's one-story fVame house at right-of-way 
fence; being topof spike in east root of a 14-inch oak. 

Is at New Sibley, 350 feet west of bridge No. 590, Atchi- 
son, Topeka and Santa Fe Rwy., 360 feet east of depot 
and 40 foot above road crossing, on top of bluff, 15 feet 
from brink, 110 feet norih of center of track ; being top of 
•pike in root of 18-inch white oak. 



Elevatioi 



Meters. 



89. 4036 



90. 6107 
88.9754 



2J 



29 
29 



I 



89. 9959 



2{ 



89.8014 , 2! 



91.4000 ' 3< 



90.6844 1* 



91.9246 3 
92. 54U:J 3 



92.6311 3 



93. 0567 3 



96.0737 i 3 



90.5109 1 2 



91.0997 a 



93. 2350 3 
101.4760 



109. 5116 



1U.7810 



APPEXDIX Z Z — BEPOBT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4123 
D(»criptioni and elevations of precise level bench markSf etc, — Coutinut'd. 



Xamber. 



T. EM. 431. 



Description. 



T.B. M.4J2. 



P.B.M.a7 



T.B.M.451 



rB.)I.2l8 



?T!^ii.- 



T.B.1C.457 



T-B.¥. 458. 



^•^•K219==HC... 



JTin^ 



T.B.M. 



4G0 



P.B. If OOQ 



^:v^'- 



PB.M.221 



': Is abont \ mile above Xow Siblev, 1,850 feet eant of wa;;on 
bridfse No. 600 overtrade, 210 feet ennt of Snnta Fe R. K. 
Bridge No. 599, on the east side of ooulre at upper end 
of cut, on river aide of track, 35 feet from center; being 
top of spike in west root of whito uak stump. 

la on lower point of bottom land above Sibley, about I 
mile north of railroad track, on the cast bank of stream 
that flows nnder bridge No. 599, 100 feet nurtb of wa;;on 
road at foot of bluff and small bridge; being top of spike 
in west root of 3-foot oak. 

la on bottom land just almve Siblov. 2,800 feet north of 
bridge over small creek nt foot of hlxilf, where T. B. M. 
452 is located, 400 feet south of Keller and Angel's huuse. 
360 feet north of small bor culvert aud road running ea^t 
through fleld at east eilge of brush on the wcwt Hide nf 

- north and sooth c-onnty road, 1( feet east of fence; being 
top of cap over old B. M . V* 

Is about H milea above New Sibley, 2,345 feet above High- 
way bridge No. 600, over railrond track throuuh cut, 410 
feet above farm crossing, and 1,170 feet below mile pent 43;{, 
30 feet north of center of Santa Fe track; being top of 
apike in charred stump. 

Is near the river on line of Santa Fe railroad, about 2} 
milea above New Sibley, on lino with center of road run- 
ning np bluff, 125 feet below Aula'd sawmill, opposite 
the upper end of bridge No. 603, juHt above wing fence, 
blnffaiae of track 30 feet from center; being coi>per bolt in 
B. K. atone. 

Over P. B. If. 218 

Is where railroad oomea to river, 3 miles above New Sibl«\v, 
at Auld's sawmill siding. a1)out 1,115 feet above P. H. M. 
218, below upper head block of siding, on river widi* of 
track 30 feet from center; being top of »piko in large oak 
stump. 

Is 3| miles above Now Sibley, at the first point of bluff 
above Auld'a sawmill, at upper end of our, :i0 feet below 
mile peat 435, on bluff side of track, 25 feet from center. 
and 8 feet above grade; l)eing hieho.tt point in Hquare cut 
on l*rge rock in aide of slofio, and marked U. ,~! S. 

la 706 foet bdow east end of niilnmd bridge No. 605 over 
Little Blue River, 230 feet below mile post 430, I'O fret 
north from center of track : beini; hi^lieMt ooint in square 
cut on a rock at foot of bank, and mnrktMl IT. , i S. 

Is on right bank, opposite Minsouri City, tiveoit;hth«t mile 
above the Santa ^6 bridge, over th«r Little Hliie Kiver. 
2,295 feet above road croMning. 820 ft*et north of railroad 
track, on the north side of wagon roa^l, about 12 feet inside 
of Mr. Sullivan's field, alKuit 1!0<) feet nl»ovi« a small one- 
story honae on south sideot road and 3U feet brlttw two 
small plum trees growing dose together on the north Aide 
of road: being copper Ixdt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 219 

la 1( milea below Athert«>n, 3,015 feet ul)ove highway 
crossing on section line, 75 feet belDW mile poil 4:s7. at 
north side of 4-foot fill on track, 15 feet from center; 
being top of Hpike in lew stump. 

Is three-fourths mile below Atlierton. 885 feet above farm 
cronsiB*;, 275 feet above the small railroad tre^tb's No. tiuO. 
30 feet below edge of field in the southweAt comer of tri- 
angnhtr p<dnt of wooils, on north itide of Santa Fe tr.i4-k, 
12 feet outside of right of way; being top (»f spike in 18- 
inch douhlepin oak. 

Is In Athorton, Mo., l,isr) feet lielow depot. 2I."» feet bebiw 
section houHO. 328 feet alKive road ont.s>«ing, 21:' feet bi'low 
lowest head block of sidini; and 49 feet below tool hotiM*, 
directly onposite and northwesl from Jo.sejih Saniplos 
house, 49 feet north from center of track at Houtli side of 
right-of-wav fence; being copin-r l>olt in B. M. Ktoue. 

Over P. B. M*. 220 

Is 1 mile l)elow head of Blue MilN Island, 1| miles above 
Atheiion. 328 foot above rosA croAsing, oppoHite bridge 
No. 607 Atchison, Top<!ka and Sjinte Fe Kailroad, 75 fret 
north of center, on wi-at bank of Huiall creek ; being tox> 
of spike in the west ba»«eof 18 inch sycamore. 

Is near old B. M. 227, alwut 1^ niileH below Blue Mills 
Landing, 2^ miles alntve Atlierton, 'szx feet Honth from 
Santa Fe track, 2tK) feet west of He<;tion line, on land 
owned by George Uendrick, 35 feet eant from levee, n«*ar 
creek fnim spring and ]iath leailing down from Mr. Ileu- 
drick*s house, on small point of Idull' 10 feet above level of 
bottom land; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



IC). G102 



92. 1450 



89. 9898 



90.9194 



91. 3948 



Feet. 



346.592 



302. 316 



295. 245 



317. 080 



299.854 



92. 6270 30:i'. 9O0 
92. bS*57 : :t04. 770 



97. 0239 



9J. 6870 



02. 4221 



318. :i23 



304. 030 



303. 225 



I 
93. rifi.-,0 307.^02 
02.9424 301. 9o2 



n4.i)424 311.494 



96. 2744 315. 864 



li7. 5114 ' 319.922 

n:..4i.;i 3i:!.2(W 



9><. 6274 



323.584 



4124 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 
Desrripthns and elevations of precise lercl bench markSj etc. — Continued. 



Number. 



Top of cap 

T. B. M. 4(M=()ld 
B. M. 227 



T. B. M. 4G5 



T. B. M. 466 = Old 
B. H. 33 of 1878. 



T.B. M.467 = 01d 

B. M. 228. 
Blue MiUs Landing. 



Dcscriptiou. 



£lovati« 



T.B. H. 468. 



P.B.M.222 



Top of cap . 
T. B. M. 460 

T. B. M. 470 



T. B. M. 471 



T. B. dl . 472 ........ i 



1». B. M. 223 = V 
Wavue. 



Top of cap.. 
P. B. M. 22i 



P. B. M.223. 



Top of cap . 
T. B. M. 474 

P. B. M. 226 

Book Creek. 



P.B.M.227 

Big Blue River. 



Over P. B. M. 221 

la oppoaite the head of Blue Milla laland, abont 250 ft'ct 
north of railroad track, 100 feet aouthweat fVom Fred. 
Si^hrank'H one-atury loj; houae ; being top of spike in north 
root of 2- foot black walnut. 

la at Blue Mills Landing. 1,3:U) feet below railroa«l brid^^e 
Ho. 600. in amall railroad cut. 72 feet below old mill at 
the Ferry Landing to which the road leada, and 115 fet't 
aliove mml cruaaing, 7 feet north from center of track : 
beintr higheat i>oint in square cat on natural led^e and 
marked u . n S. 

Ia*at Blue Mills Landing, on the rirer bank at the north- 
eoat comer of old mill (now gone), on the top of a led|^ of 
roi'k 14 inchoa from the north edge and 3 inches from 
eaat fdge, marked +. 

la at Blue .Mills Landing, at the northeast comer of site of 
old mill, in the river face of ledge of rock, 7.1 feet below 
the top and 6.5 feet flrora the east face of ledge : being 
center of cavitj' from which horizontal copper bolt had 
been extracted. 

la li'o uiilea bolow Courtney Station, 1,810 feet below 
miie-poat, 443,740 feet below lower end of earth cut, 518 
feet above west end of railroad treat le No. 610, at top of 
river bank. 22 fMt from track ceuter : being top of spike 
in root of an oak stump 20 inches in diameter. 

Is at Courtney, Jackson County, Mo., 12 feet east of south- 
east comer, 'on line with south aide of depot, in the south- 
west comer of plat of ground at angle in platform ; being 
copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P.B.M.222 

Ls at Courtney, 1,135 feet below ilepot, in flront of stock 
yard, 24 feet' below lower end of car scales, 30 feet north 
from center of main track; being top of spike in moat 
easterly of three piles. 

Is flTe-eightha mile aboveCourtney Station, 1,400 feet above 
highwav crossing, on Arst curve above town, 15 feet below 
aign, "lStation,'^at foot of bluff, 10 feet from center of 
track, on white, imbedded rock ; being higheat point in 
aquare, marked U. D S. 

Is li miles below pump house of Independence Water 
Worka, and | mile below roa<lcroaaing, at old Waype Land- 
ing on blutf side of track,20 feet from center ; being highest 
point in aquare cut on prq}ecting point of natural ledgi^ 
and marked U. a S. 

la 16 foot above P. B. M. 223, 150 feet below road crossing, 
on river aide of track, 55 feet from center, on the nearest 
of gr«>up of three cottonwoods ; being top of spike in root. 

Is at old Wayne Landing, f mile lielow pump house of in- 
dependence Wat«r Worka, 82 feet below group of cotton- 
woods, on river side of track, flO feet firom center, on south 
edge of wagon road, 39 feet below old stone wall founda- 
tion standing at right angles to track ; being copper bolt 
in B. M. stone. 

OverP.B. M.223 

la in Wayne between raUroad track and the river at the 
southwest comer of pump houae of Independence Water 
Works, on the south lace, 5|inches east ot the west comer, 
65 inches above ground ; being center of punch mark in 
copper bolt leaded hori£ontally> 

la about 2.460 feet below Santa Fe bridge Ko. 616 over Bock 
Creek, and 525 feet above bridge No. 615, between two 
small ravinea which are abont 850 feet apart, 48 feet south 
from center of track, and 2 feet north of right-of-way fence ; 
beinjK copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M.225 , 

Is 2,165 feet below Santa Fe bridge No. 616 over Rock Creek, 
40 f4>et l>elow farm crossing, 40 feet south ^m center of 
track ; being top of spike in root of 15-inch lime. 

Is alxmt 2| miles above Independence, Mo., at the crossing 
of A. T. and S. Fe and Mo. P. tracks, at foot of iron post 
of Santa Fc bridge atanding between Missouri Pacific, and 
K. C. and Ind. tracka; being top of anchor bolt through 
norihwcat corner of ahoc. The letters U. S. are cut into 
caat pedestal, one on each side of nut to anchor bolt. 

Is on the right l»ank of Big Blue Kiver, near its mouth, 96 
feet up that stream from the south end of Missouri Pacific 
Railroad bridge No. 09, uptm pier of which bridge is located 
XT. S. C. Si G. 8. B. M. LVIII. Itis 2 feetouUide of right- 
of- way fence and 18.6 foot back from the top of banJcof Big 
Blue Kiver. 



Metera. 

99.8fH)2 i 
95. :{916 



I 



1U1.8388 



97.3100 



I 



94.8112 



98.7322 



97.3551 



98.5867 
99.1850 ' 



100. 1819 



103. 7949 



101.7734 
97.3400 



98.5813 
101.4933 I 



102.1171 



103.3532 
102. 7868 



100.5822 



I 



97.9719 



k??»2:::ndix z z — report of Missouri river commission. 4125 

l>^-^€ripiionB and elevations of precise level bench marks, etc. — Continued. 



1iwia"ber. 



Tupofcap 

TI. S. C. S. B. M. 
LVlll. 



JB.M.475 



T.B.M.470.... 



I'-B.M.228=:?jt., 



B. 34.240. 



TB.M.478... 



'•B.M.229. 



\SLi;i«o=oid 



lyf'^f 



«{^ City da. 

^B.M.W3L 
JWMnCity. 
tRM.«l. 



P.JI.iC.233. 



DeHcriptiou. 



Elevation. 



Over P. B.M. 227 

Is 5^ milefib«low(fnmd Avonun 1>rp(itat KanHaflCity, Mo., 
on aouth abutinent of MiHSoiiri Pucitic hrUl;{e Nu. 60, over 
tbe Big Bine Rivor, on the Hoiithweat corner, above tlie 
bridge seat: being bottom ^iurfkceof en uare cavity cut 

US 
in inaM>nry and marked G 

BM. 

Is 4| milea below Grand Avenue Depot at KanHa.4 (Mty, Mo., 
1 mile above Big lUue Rivur. J mile a1>ove t«)lcgra]i1i 
fltation, l.KiSfeet M'low (Jhicago, Milwaukee un<l St. Panl 
Railway, and Miiisouri Pacific Railway crosHing, in paa- 
ture ou north aide of tra<;k, 00 feet from center. 20 I'tii't 
outside of right ot way; being top of apiko in root of 18- 
inoh elm. 

la abont H niilea below Hannibal Bridge at Kanaaa City, 
4,265 feet below Tile Worka, 1,4U0 feet above road croaaiug, 
60 feet north of center of north one of two Mirtttoiiri 
Pacific tracks ; being top of apike in south root of 4U-ini'li 
elm. 

Is abont 3} milea below Ilannibal Bridge, f mile soutlieaHt 
of Cresent Elevator, about 2,295 feet north of tile faotory. 
at nortliwest comer of intersection of two country roails, 
120 feet S. OSP W. of Lizzie Wright'a house; being cupiM>r 
bolt in B. H. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 228 

la in KaniNis Citv. Mo., 1| miles below the Hannibal Bridge, 
at the Kan^aa City Distillery, at northwest corner of one- 
story brick fermenting house, 2.5 feet east of comer cm 
top of the stone foundation ; being the higheat point in tlie 
northeast angle of cross. 

Is in Kansas City, Mo., 1 mile below the Hannibal Bridge, 
at the northeast comer of Zenith Milla, on t4M) of foun- 
dation; being the highest point in s<inare. Thia in in 
the same pla^ as old B. M.241, the masonry uiwn ^vhich 
that was located having been replace<l. 

la in Kansas City. Mo., X mile below the Hannibal Bridge. 
60 feet north from tne Chicago and Alton track, on 
the sooth side of the retort room of gas worka, in water 
table 50 inches we^t of the southeast comer; l>eing top of 
copper bolt leaded vertically. 

It in iCansaa City, Mo., on t-iie northwest comer of Firat 
and Main streets, at the aouthonst corner of the threo- 
atory brick occupied by the Pabat lirewing (/ompany; 
being a cross cut in top* of stone step. This bench was 
partly destroyed and a new point was taken in.stead on 
the BMne surnuns 2 inches nearer the river, between two 
parallel lines out in the stone. 

la in Kansas City, Mo., 50 feet east of the shore pier of the 
Hannibal Briclge and 10 feet from river bank: being cop- 
per bolt in B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M. 230 

Was top of cap over old pipe over old P. B. M. V- 'i^J»i»* 
pipe was replaced by a similar pi]>e with flange at but-. 
t<mi. 

Is on the Hannibal Bridge, over the Misaoiiri River at 
Kanaas City, Mo., on the enat face of first pier north 
f^^rai aoath abutment; being point of arrowhead engraved 

High Watvr 
in the atone and marked ^))) > . It was 



1844. 
connected with by U. S. C. S. precise levels. 

la 82.03 feet below the arrowlioad described above, and 
was, when assumed, sn])i)08ed to coincide with low water 
in the Missouri River. 

la in Kansas City, Mo., in north face of south abutment of 
Hannibal Bridge near eaat end of abutment: being liori- 
zontal furrow in copper bolt (connecte4l with by U.S.C.S.). 

Is directly under P. B. M. 232, at northeaat oorn«'r of abut- 
ment; oeing highest point in square cut ou pn>j<H-tiiig 
atone. 

At Kansaa Citv, ia a wire cable j^auge on the south a]»an of 
the Hannibal Bridge. Elevation of its zero. 

Is in Kanaas CHty, Mo., at the foot ol* Fourth Afreet, in 
atone pier of wi^on bridge over tracks, the nouth face of 
the north one of two small piera on river aide i»r Miascuri 
Pacific main track, 5 feet ab<»vo ground and 9^ iuclies 
back from the southwest comer of ]>ier; being center of 
ponch mark in copper bolt leaded horizontally. 



Meters. Feet. 



99. 2093 32.'». 40.1 
lO'i. 0088 334. 875 



99. 7267 ! 327. lUO 



100.2248 ' 328.824 



97.8868 



321.154 



99. 1274 325. 224 



100.2078 I 328.769 



102. 1436 



102. 3098 



107. 6223 



101.4593 



102. 7038 
102. 7058 



335.120 



335. GG.') 



353,005 



332.875 



336. 9.'>8 
3:Ui. 0G4 



104.0555 341.392 



104.2152 



103. 4352 



+0.0742 



309. 3G2 



341.916 



339. 358 



-1 0. 244 



I 



102.8089 ! 3;{7.30-J 



4126 REPORT OP THE CHIEr OF ENOraEEES, U. 8. ARMY. 
i}cscriplion» atid «Uvatio«» of predie Urel bmok marki, etc. — Continaed. 



leoftwo 



Jlpll^n 



iglB irith th* .onlh 
rliwik, onlopcifi-ap 
belDg highest puiat in 



[■"n ^niiu CltT.Sani., on the ■ontfaaait comer of Tmi 
strwiKiil Ltod nvciue, In the itons faiindulou of Folic 
StiUooMn.K, ait Junei Street faee. "Si inrhee Itain 11 

fatt kliai-e aldewnllc, belnB iientor of punch mule I 
copnar bolt iHded bOTitontiilly. 
[•lnKiui>Hl;itv. Kiinii..DDtheionlheutD(imerof JiiuM 
1 front of Polite 



on the i: 



il *lde of .Inn 



h rrom 



•n the It 



i>f_&ide«Klk^^heln^ highest polut 
"weifrMerTiJ ftprioQth~of"oortti ™« 



Xu>u>C'ity,Xau>. 






K B.U.:3e. 




T 








T.B,M.«». 












P.I1.M,Z36- 


V-- 




V. B. U. 130 
SMnun. 





Ihlni 

o/Uiuonri recinctnok^ being osi 
Fopppr twtt ImdHl bDrliontally. 
:b «u Ilio left hanic <>f the Kbv lUn 

Rt north c-nrner; heiug highlit poin 
cif pnjactlon of lecmA counie of at 
nmrliedD.nS, 

street and Wj^dotte iTenao. on I 



I the Ihlnl brlilp 
1 westfiue'ar pisr 
shoTO gnmnd end 



Eangee City, ^Vra 



mtheUinsoariPaalflci 



Mfeethplawtho 



wo-«tory brltli, og tde opior 
. lUrorimndounlll. 
DDrtbWBBi oonier of Third atreot and MlnnnntH 
i beinff lop north ant In rim of hydnnt. (The 
3D of OiB bODch above Che old tiitj datam la il.tS 
Mtn the noir datnin U MtM feet) 
— City, Kani. '■- -■-«.- 

, - ts" 

nor of old gai factory, on top 

ut point in eqoare. 
laattheupperendof TCanBdAd 

K, T, Brick Worka. oppoillL ._. .. __ 

■witch, GO foot naHt from eeiiter of Irock by ri Jht-ofvaj 

fences being copper bolt In B. M. iloue. 

OverP. B. if !3i. - 

iBlDaonieloeBlHy uF. B. M.=3«, HSS fest sboie mile post 

287 and croulne, 100 feet Iwlow E. T. BHrkWorlo, Ix- 

twera the ni^nliwik and awltch of the Mtuonrl Pac)fl<t 

Balliniy; beinetop of apikahi iareiihnb. 
Ii 147 (eel bdow the loirer hnd blank oT Rmaapo Sldln)-, 

ourlver slde'Of tmek TS foM tmm eonter. on large lonu 

Sroen elm asAg atandlngao feethlgb; being top or eplke 

I« hi the nest Me i.t Ifiinaiw City ud Wyandotte waler- 
n-ojkFi iininp homp, belwepu two windows, 1 foot notlh 
of Hou:iionfl, 14 rn>iHunlUorihBnortbwBst corner of wall 

th opposite Eauu> Cilv'ao.iWjnndolte water workii pump 
honee, IBS Imt below inilepoat 289, JIM feet above heail 
hIcHik of n-HtfTworke aiding, on bluff aide of tr^k, «0 feet 
from center, being lop of npika in root of IB inch sUppery 



ofspike inccdaratnmn. "* ' 

I> about tuiite below oldlowu ofQulndaro. a,2»5 feet above 
Kanuut'ltvand WTiuidnlIo«aUIworkapuniphansi',2«S 
feel below hridpe Hn, 73J, on river nido of track, 80 f™t 
(hHD crntw : beinK oopper bolt In B. M. alone- 
Over P. B. M. 238. 

In II miloB Bbove Kiu;aiii City walerworka, 7)8 foot elinve 
old town of Qnlnrtaro, 1,705 feet below bridge Ko, 74t, 900 
feet above bridge No. 7«, on bloJl'alda of Ulaaoitrl PncltiD 
track, 7 ffi'l fnim laiuler; being Ugheat point In nqnare 
ent on nataral led;^, 
la ) mile Iwlow Kearman Station, 11 milea above Qoindani, 
li»o*., directly oppohile PBrkvllfe. 27J foet b3o« roa,i 
cnaelnE, on line with west side of road ronDiDO norlli 
toward Parkville. M fHt noctb of traok center: beuE cop. 



l(M.47a7 ! 94 



APr>ENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4127 
Descriptions and ehvations of precise level bench marks, efo. — Continued. 



l^unibor. 



Top of cap 



T.B.M.m 



rB.M.240 



T.B.M.495..., 
PB.:\[.241... 

^.B.MtfC.... 
T-B.K.4t!7... 



'••"•M.243.... 









T.B.>r. 



489. 



^•»-M.600 



^•»-H.501. 



DeBcription. 



Over P. B. M. 239. 

Is about 98 feet above P. B. M. 239, on oppoitite sido of rail- 
road track, 35feut from centor of same, and 164 feet }>eIow 
road crouaing; boin^; top of spike in root of 12iucii black 
wain at. 

Is I milo aboTe Koarman Station, Kans., 1,200 fnet below 
road croflsing, 829 feet abov«) auothcr road crossing, by 
large ditch, 610 feet below niili']K>st 293, and 14U feet 
above fence separating iield from woods, on blufl' side of 
track 40 feet from center and 25 feet outside of right-of- 
way; being top of spike in south root of 28-inch elm. 

Is 2^ miles oelow Pomeroy, Kans., at the lirst small stream 
1,630 feet below water tank, 2, 145 foot above road cross- 
ing, on southwest corner of east abutment of railroad 
bridge. A small wagon bridge spans the hollow a little 
hiffher up the bluff. It is top of copper bolt loaded verti- 
cally. 

Is at the same bridge as P. B. M. 240, on the northwest cor- 
ner of top stone of cast abutment; being highest point in 
sq uare marked U Q S. 

Is ]| miles bdow Pomeroy, Sans., directly opposite the cen- 
ter of water tank and 25 feet north from center of track ; 
being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OvorP!B.M.241 

Is 1} miles below Pomeroy, Kans., in the northwest pile of 
water-tank foundation, 10 foot soutli from Missouri Paciflo 
track ; biting top of spike. 

Is 2,900 feet below Pomeroy, Kans., 82 feet above wliistlo 
p<MBt, on river bank GO feet east of Misqouri Pacific track ; 
Dcing top of spike in 10- inch sycamore. 

Is in Pomeroy, Elans., in foundation of F. n. Bsttou's 
house, the first residi^nce on the wc^t side of struct run- 
ning south from depot, in the ni>rtheast face of foundation 
under bow window on the east end of house, in center of 
stone in second course of masonry from top; bciug center 
of punch mark in coppttr bolt leiifled horizontally. 

Is in Pomeroy, Kans., auout 195 feot south of depot, in north- 
east corner of lot o^inied by I. C. llenderson, in which the 
old poet-otlice building stands, 18 feet south of the stmth- 
east corner of tlie post-ofiice and 2 feet from angle of stone 
wall ; being copiMjr bolt in B. M. stone. 

OverP. B.M.243 

Is in Pomeroy, Kans., 18 feet south of east end of wagcm 
bridge over small stream just below depot, 2 feet from 
right bank of stream and 8 feet below levtd of road ; being 
top of spike in 8-inch maple stump. 

Is five-eighths of a milo above Pomeroy, 960 feet above east 
end of trestle over Marshall Creek, 125 fo<it from river, 75 
feet sonth from railroad, and 21 feet above grade of same; 
bein^ center of cavity in disintegrated rock ledge from 
which the copper bolt had been extracted. 

Is five-eighths of a mile above Poiin.Toy, Kans., 1,810 feet 
above mile post 296, 655 feet above end of railroad bridge 
over Marshall Creek on blulf side of track, 8 feet from 
center; being highest point in square cut on rock. 

Is one-half of a mile below Connors, Kans., 60 feet above 
whistle post on bluil'sido of track, 40 feet from center; 
being top of spike in black walnut stump. 

Is at Connors, Kans., 350 feet oast of railroad depot, on 
river side of track, 240 feet from center, in tlie northwest 
oomer of lot owned by Mr. Maxwell, and 15 feet northeast 
from the north comer of Eli Davis's house; being copper 
bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 246 

Is in Connors, Kans., in foundation wall at the southeast 
oomer of public schoolliouse on its east face, 6 inches north 
from corner and 20 inches above ground ; being center of 
panoh mark in copi>er bolt loaded horizonally. 

Is at Connors, Kans., oa.it of donot and west of Ben Stagger's 
boose, on line of its sonth side; being a spike in west root 
of a large )>lack walnut stump. 

It one-half mile above ('onnors Station, in firont of Mr. 
Kirkpatrick's house, lUU feet west from center of track, 
on tbe north one of two largo sycamore trees blazed on 
the west side; being top of spike in ro<»t. 

It about 14 miles above ('onnors, Kans., 1,400 feet below mile 
pott 800, 918 feet above iron bridge over Island Creek, 
800 feet above line between Leavenworth and Wyandotte 
counties, 190 feet above farm crossing on land owned by 
Mt. Russell, a little above center of coulee, 45 feet west 
of track center; being top of spike in a 15-inoh blaok 
walnvt. 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



102.9994 
I03f8338 



102.5181 



105. 0486 



105.0486 



104.4700 



105.7066 
105. 3809 



102. 8497 



110. 2530 



103.6420 



104. 8750 
102. 3068 



109.9485 



103.8047 



104. 0440 



Feet. 



837.928 
340.665 



836.349 



344. 651 



344.661 



342. 752 



346.809 
345. 741 



337.436 



361. 726 



340.036 



344.081 
335.852 



360.727 



840. 570 



105.0173 I 344.548 



341.355 



105.2854 345.428 
109. 2888 ;' 358. 562 



105.3016 345.678 



104.0308 341.475 



105. 5162 346. 183 



ku 



4128 REPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 
Descriptions and elevations of precise level bench marks, etc. — Continued. 



Naniber. 



T.B.M.504 

P.B.M.247 



Top of cap. 
T. B. M. 5U5 



T. B. M. 506 
Popes. 



T.B.M.507 



P.B.M.248-=V. 



Top of cap 

T.B,M.509=oldB. 



M. 266. 
Delaware. 



T.B.M.610 



P. B. M. 249; 
Leaven wort h 
Jiiuctiou. 

Top of cap 

T.B.M.511 

T.B.M.512 

T.B.M.513 



T.B.M.5U 



P.B.M.250=7 .. 



Description. 



Top of cap 
T.B.M.515 



Is 380 feet below P.B.M.247.60 feet east of track center; 
l>eiiig top of spike in stump. 

Is abont 2^ wiles above Connors, Kans., 1,265 feet l>elow 
tint road crossing below Pope's Siding, 1.315 feet below 
Bridge No. 79, over small i-reek, and 220 feet above ceut<»r 
of small bridge where the Gillman or I>ottom road turns 
east awa;^ from the track (Mr. K. Piper and Mr. Tull 
live on tms road about one-half mile east of track). It is 
33 feet west of track center, on line of right of way ; be- 
ing copper bolt in B. M. nf one. 

Over P. B. M. 247 

Is abont one-half mile below Pope's Siding, on tbe north 
side of a large coulee, in the upper edge or Ike Williams* 
land, 1.640 feet below lower head block of the siding, 
1,670 feet above center of Bridge No. 79, 35 feet north of 
center of road running up the bluff, at foot of bluff, 50 
feet west of center of track ; being top of spike in south 
root of an 18 inch elm. 

Is at Popes Station, Kans., Missouri Paciflo Railway, 720 
feet above mile post 302, 443 feet above Mr. Pope's house, 
394 feet above upper head block of siding on east end of 
upper abutment of small culvert; being liighest point in 
square marked U. Q S. 

Is 2i miles below Leavenworth Junction, 1,600 feet below 
mile post :i03, 755 feet below Missouri Pacific Bridge 81, 
720 feet bel»w Martin Cano^nnon's house; being top of 
spike in charred re<l-oak stump, feet west of west right- 
of-way fence. 

Is 2 miles below Leavenworth Junction, Kans., opposite foot 
of Spar Island. 070 feet above mile post .303, 1,610 feet 
alH>ve railroad trestle No. 81, on second bench of bluff 
from foot, 120 feet from Missouri Pacific track ; being top 
of copper bolt in B.M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 248 

Is 14 miles below Leavenworth Junction. 1,685 feet l>elow 
pump-house for State prison, 260 feet l>elow Thomas Gib- 
son's stone liouse on uluff, on bluff end of stone-aroh 
culvert, directly over and 1.0 feet above tlie center of the 
keystone ; being highest point in northwest angle of crons 

cat onprqjecting stone and marked ^L.. ( Very soft stone ; 

X>oint not permanent.) 

Is seven -eiguths of a mile below Leavenworth Junction, 716 
feet below Bridge No.81i, 508 feet above pump honso for 
State prison, on bluff side of Missouri Pacific track, 55 
feet from center; being top of spike in 15-inch sycamore. 

Is at Leavenworth Junction, Kans., 93 feet above center of 
depot, 100 feet above hoad block at Junction, 18 feet east 
of center of track, 29.5 feet above lower head block of 
siding; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Is 200 feet above depot at I^eaven worth Junction, on river 
side of track, 40 teet from center; being top of spike in 
root of 4-foot cottonwootl stump. (Old B.M. 267 was on 
this tree, but had rolled out.) 

Is 1,820 feet above depot at Leavenworth Junction, 492 feet 
below upper head bl(K*k of siding at upper side of path 
leading up bluff, bluff side of trm-k 40 feet from center; 
being top of spilcc in west root of 16-inch sj'camorc. 

Is 2} miles below Leavenworth depot. 230 feet above small 
coulee, 246 feet above bridge on bluff side of track, 12.5 
feet from center; being highest point in square cut in flat 
piece of ledge about 2 leet below grade of track and 
marked U. G S. 

Is 1} miles below Leavenworth depot, 820 feet above coal 
mine, 39 feet below whistle post, on bluff side Mtssouri 
Pacific track, 8 feet from center, at foot of side-hill cut : 
being highest point in square cut on imbedded rook and 
marktMl IT. q S. 

Is on shelf of blnff. If miles below Leavenworth depot, oppo- 
site East Leavenworth, on lower side of small ravine, 200 
feet from river and 20 feet west from center of siding 
leading to coal mine; being copper ImiU in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 250 

Is seven-eighths of a mile below Li^aven worth depot, 344 feet 
above runway to coal mine over tracks, on blnff side of 
Union Pacific track, 7 feet from center, at foot ol side- 
hill cut: Ijeing highest point in square cat in well- 
Imbedded rock. 



Elevation. 



Meters. ' F 



104.6318 
104.3529 



105.5873 
105.0004 



120.2861 



34 
34 



34 
34 



106.2574 i 34 



106. 5733 i Zi 



in. 7221 i 38 



118.9657 ! 3C 
106.5038 j 34 

I 

I 



i 

104.4987 I 34 



104. 0024 34 



105.8413 * 34 
105.7563 ; 34 



105.6235 : 34 



106.6784 ; 34 



108.9025 • 3f 



3$ 



121.6252 31 
107. 9325 31 



xPP':E:yDix z z — report of missouui rivek commission. 4129 

-^^ffcriptioHM and ehvations of prrrinv level bcnrh marks, etc. — ('ontiiiuod. 



Xuxnljcr. 



IVsrrijition. 



Elevati«»n. 



M«'I*TH. I F«<;f 



P.B.M.2:il, 



P.B.M.252, 



B.M.2:o. 

CitJ<lahiiii 

fBM.lVj 

»^vtnirorlli. 



T-B.M.517 

TB.M.518 



T. B M. 519 . - old 
BM.27i.(/) 

P.B.if.254^T^,.. 



^%i 



^-^'^:h::::::: 



^•B.M.520 



YM;^-i=e»"fi« 



U,c, 



ang© 



I' 8- M 'W 
^*^avHiufti«ii 



'•VMiHoitli. 



P.B.SI. 



237 



^•B.il.534 
'•Ptf«p 

ENa93 



Ir in Loavciiwnrfli, on nortli Huh^ of tho (!n*ut WfHtrrii 
Stovc>Coiii)iaiiv'i*lirii-k iMiililiiiu, oiw Mock Koiith of I'liiim 
di.>put,3.4 ItH't went troiii imrtlirMMt riMiMT iiiiil .'» t'wt :ilN»vt) 

{>ronnd: li«-iii;: i-fiitcr nt' punrli marks in copiH-r huit 
euded horixoiitnlly. 

la in T<eav«'nwort}i, K.iu>*.. in hrirk Iniildiiii; (N't-Mpicd hy 
ItohltinK RruH , (;i-orci-ft. fii »iutlic;ist <-oriirr of 'i'liird and 
CliLToki-o Hir«-<*|fi. on wtnt i nd of Htoiut windtiw sill, ('lii>r- 
okce btriMit side; brin.i{ lti]> of cupper bolt lis-idi-d vi-rli- 
callv. 

Is in I^caA'on worth, KunH..ttt riv(>r\rard fiMii of arch f«iTiii- 
ing main entran<'i> to north »4id«M>fuld I'nion dc]>ot ; hcin^ 
cnws t'ut in top of water talih». 

At Loa%M«nw»»rt h l8 2:i.8.'J Am i below T. 15. M. r.lO 

I» in Louvcu worth, in n-tainini; wall at norlhca'it corn<T of 
Main and ChiTokvc HtrcctH, .VJ fvut north of siHitli «-nd of 
wall. 78 feet Houth of noiilh end of di'|)ot ; bi-iii>; center of 
punch mark in copiH^r bolt leaded hurizoulaliy intofuiiilh 
coarse of mannnry above u;roniid. 

Ih in Loaven worth, on e:ist sitlt* of Union depot, on Houth 
end of doorstep to lirrtt diMir Kouth of main entrance; 
))ein)C highest point in sqnan* marked I'. |'1 S. 

Is \i of a mile above l.e:ivenworth I)cp«it. r*'.') fi «'t In>1ow 
niiie-]iost ^ilO. .VH) feet al>o\e coal mine, s fi-«>t Im-Iow heail 
block of Hwitch, <in blutf Hiiln of ('hie.-i;;o. .St. Taiil and 
Kannas CMty track, 7 feet fnini«<'entcr :ind on level with 
grade of same; beinj; hij^hcst point in Hqiiare cut on 
imbeddeil roc:k. 

Is fl of A mile btdow Chica<;o. K<K'k iHland and racitic 
Bridge at Ff>rt Li>nvenworth, at f(»<it of blnlf; bein<; top 
of spiko in root of lurp' cott(»n\vo<Kl. 

Is 30 fCHSt below Houth face of \^eHt ainitinent of Chioapt. 
Rock Island and Pucitle lirid^^c at Fort r.euven worth. 'J7 
feet fnim center of MiHsonri Pacific track, und ri fi'4<t 
aliovo prade: iH-in^; copper holt in li. ^I. r«tone. 

Over IMI. M. 254 

Is in weHt abutment of Chicago. K'H-k Island and raeitie 
Bridge at Fort I.eavenwoith. in honlh •^UU-'i-'i fr«'t Iiack 
from east face ; bein^ center punch mark in copper bolt 
leaded horizontally into tourtii courrte of manonr}' above 
ground at HoutheaHt corner. 

Is at southeant eurner of went abutment of ('hicii<;o. Uock 
Island and Facilic Itrid^e at Fort Lcavi-nwoith. 12 feci 
fn>m c<'nter of ^Iit»Honri Pacific track on sjime level: 
lieing highest point in Hqiian* cut on inclined rock ami 
roarkiMl r.aS. 

Is on MOutheaHt corner of west aliutmeiit of C-hic:i>;o, U<H'k 
Island and I'acillc Inid^e at Fort I.oa\en^\orlh. on second 
course of maAonry fntm ground and 'JO inches north of 
south face; being' bottom surface of a notch cut in top of 
stone. 

At Fort Leavenworth ia a wire cable •j:au'.:e on ue^t s|i;i!i 
of (*liii-ago, Bo<;k Island and Pacific 1'.ridi:e. Kle\:ition 
€>f it? zen>. 

li* iu Fort i^'aveuworth at northeast comer of (io\ei umeiit 
stone ice house on river bank, 7 int'lies \\e«,t iVtun cast 
face, and •'>.2 feet above trroimd: liciiii: i-ent< r of punch 
mark in copjHT Indt leaded hori/.ontall\ into iiuililiiiir. 

Is I of a mile a<M»v« Fi»rt l.ea\en\vortli. 11 nii!e>. .iliove 
Chicago. Kock Island ami Pacific Knihvax I'>riil;:<- across 
Missouri Uivcr, r>U."> feet Ih 1«)W w:ii:ou road isus-iiiu. .'•<!.') 
feet below center of bri«l'.:e acntss >ui;dl cnil. al lower 
e<lgeof wagon road. !.'><) feci below point of blutV. <in lilntf 
side of track, 28 f«H.*t from center: being (*o]iper boh in 
B. M . stone. 

OverP. B. M.257 

Is 2 of ft mile above Fort Leavenworth. M»i feet below 
road crossing, 520 feet bi low bridtre acro.ss small creek. 
on bluff side of track :<o feet from center: beln.; top of 
spike in oast n>ot of :i(*i-imh elm. 

Is J| miles alNive Chica<;o. Kuck Isbmdanii Pai ilic K.iihvay 
]{ridge at Fort I.eaven worth, about 1.1"" liet lu'low .sIoim» 
quart ies. on IdntV sid« of trink •'•«) feet lri»m • enti-r: being 
top of spike In nMit of I'n.inih elm :it point of bliitl 

Is aoont 2\ miles above <']iicii;:ii. Ifock Nlaml ami Pacltic 
Bridge at F«»rt I-eavi-nwcirtli. .'i.'n fei-t alioxi- lo\\»-r lie.id 
block of Wade Sidin;;. on blutV.siile i»f Ir.icU. "J t'li t inside 
of rigbtrof-wav fence; bi'ing i-opper boll in 15. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. :2j8 






112. 3C4U 3C8. Goi 



113.8380 



dT.i. 490 



UI8. 4823 :i.V.. 916 

I 

• :i:{2.owi 

110. 2C4:) Jttl.7(U 



109.108.". ! :io8. 1U8 



111.3252 :i05.2« 



100.9602 350.922 

i 

1U.1720 1 :J74.08:J 



378. fUia 
37:>. 039 



lirK4173 i 
114.3108 : 



112. 3:.92 3Cf».C:J(J 



113.4361 



372. 1C9 



-0.1168 



110.4iJ02 



-0. 3S3 
362. 534 



100.6S94 : 359. h76 



110.9292 :'.03. IU4 
110. 6U7 ■ 302.1112 



110. (!033 '; 3rKi.lHlC 



lo,-<. 4223 I 355.719 



109.6655 : 359.798 



-269 



4130 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 
Descriptions and elevations of prtcise level bench marks, etc, — Continued. 



Xuiiil)er. 



Doscription. 



T. B. M. 525 



T. B. M.52C 



P. n. \f. 259 

Top of rap . . 
T.JB. M.528 



P. B. M. 260 



T.B.M.529^01AB. 
M. 278. 



T. B. M. 630 



P. B. M. 261 = V 
Kickapou. 



Top of cap.. 
T. B. M. 531 



T. B. M. 532 



Jl • I3« JU • amUm* ••••••• 



Top of cap 

T.B.M.533 

T.B.M.534 

P.B.M. 203 



P. B. M. 264 = V 
Oak MillH. 



Top of <-np 

T. B. M. 537....... . 



P.B.M.2G5. 



Is 61i} feet above lower bead-block of Waile SidiDg, 2^niUos 
above Chicago, Kock iHland and Pacific Bridge at Fort 
Leavenworth, 262 feet above P. B. M. 258, on river side of 
track, 30 ffet from center ; bclnf; h!<;hest point in square 
cut on roi'k at t^p of river l>ank. 

Is about 2| miles above Fort Leavenworth Station, 1.068 feet 
above np])er head-block at Wade Siding, 1,555 feet above 
mile post 314, which stands at a road crosding, river side of 
track 20 feet from center; bi*iug top of spike in a charred 
stump. 

Is 1^ milcH i>elow KickAiH)0, Kans., 9 feet above npper end of 
bndce No. 95 over Salt Creek, MLssuuri Pacific Railway, 
on bliifl'side of track 24 feet from center; being copper bolt 
in B. M. stone. 

OverP.B. M.259 

Is U niiles below Eickai)oo, Kans., 1,245 feet above mile jKMit 
315, 2,885 feet above center of iron bridge No. 05 over Salt 
Creek, 45 feet from south footof rocky point of bluff, bluff 
side of track 85 feet fVom center ; being top of spike in root 
of black walnut. 

Is i mile below Kickapoo, Kans., 885 feet below trestle, 1,035 
feet above mile post 316, 85 feet above upper end of small 
bridge over dram for cut, on bluff side of track 9.7 feet 
ft*om center and 2.5 feet above grade; l)eiug center of 
punch mark in copper bolt leaded horizontally into face 
of natural ledge. 

Is 912 feet bi'low west end of trestle at Kickapoo, Kans., on 
bluff side of track 7.5 feet from center and 3.5 feet above 
grade, 10 feet above P. B. M. 260; being horizontal farrow 
m copper 1)olt leaded liorizontally into northwest expos- 
ure of cut rock. 

Is i mile below Kickapoo, Kans., 880 feet below lower end of 
trestle, 1,035 feet above mile post 316, KK) feet above small 
bridge, bluff side of tnu'ik 10 feet from center, on level 
with grade; being highest point in square cut on natural 
ledge. 

Is at Kickapoo, Kans., on uiiper side of small ravine, 30 feet 
from vertical bank of sraaJi stream, bluff side of track, 80 
feet from center: George Sharp's houNO boars S. 88'' W. 
(Mag.) 130 feet distant; copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 281 

Is at Kickapoo, Kans., oppfMtite upper end of bridge No. 90, 
Missouri Pacific Knii way bluff side of track 15 feet from 
center nud i feet below grade; being highest point in 
square cut on natural ledge with letters U S cut on ver- 
tical face of ledge just below the bench. 

Is about $ mile above the depot at Kickapoo, 524 feet below 
mile jMmt 317, 193 feet below head-bl<K>k of switeh, on river 
side of track 40 feet from center; being top of spike in 18- 
inch elm. 

Is U miles below Oak Mills, Kann., 70 feet below center of 
railroad hridge over sui:ill creek coming out of valley, on 
bluff side of track, 3 feet east from wire fence directly 6p|)o- 
site south T>oint of blulf; being copper bolt in B. M! stone. 

Over P.B.M. 202 

Is 1^ miles below Oak Mills, Kans., 975 feet above Mile Post 
318, 1 52 feet below center of railroad bridge over creek com- 
ing out of valley, on bluff side of track" 50 feet troia cen- 
ter; being t^p of npike in north root of 15inch elm. 

Is ]| miles below de)>otatOak MillH, at loweredge of woods, 
river side of track 75 feet from center; bciug top of spike 
in 2-foot elm. 

Is in Oak Mills, in northwest side of stone building facing 
the northeast, 65 feet sontlioast of .lohn Davitz's store, 6 
feet above ground and 8 iuchcs from front face of Imilding ; 
being center of ])uncli mark in c(»ppcr lN>lt leaded horizoii- 
tallv. 

Is at Oak Mills in John Davitz's fti)nt yard. 19 feet below 
his 8tore and 2 feet inside of tight boanl fence; being cop- 
per l>elt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B.M.264 

Is 19 miles above Oak Mills, 735 feet above Minsouri Pacific 
Itjiilway Hriclge No. 9Hover Little Walnut Cn>ek, on bluff 
si«lf' of trark 6i' feet from center ; l»eiug top of spike driven 
iu Mhoiilder cut alxHit one foot above ground m a 13-inch 
black walnut. 

Is 2^ miles above Oak MiUs, { mile aliove Little Walnut 
Creek, 180 feet below railroad bridge No. 99, 16 fe*!t 
towards the river fiom wagon road running parallel to 
river, nenr forkh in the road, on blutfside of track 65 foot 
from center; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 



Elevation. 
Meters. Feel 



109.8087 



110. 3397 



109.8263 



in. 0627 
110. 4302 



116. 1374 



360. 



I 



364. 
3C2. 



381. 



I 



U6. 2618 



381. 



U5.e912! 379. ^' 



US. 2308 I 387. 



I 



119.4780 
116. 9156 



118.8849 



110. 0321 



391. «^g 
383. 



390. OiO 



361.001 



in. 2633 I 365. 04A) 
110.6306 I 362.964 

1 

■ 

I 
100.4900; 359.222 



114.8281 



111.9977 



376.736 



367.450 



113.2369 37L515 
113.6110 I 372.743 



113. 3000 371. 019 



APPENDIX ZZ — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4131 
DtHriptiotu and elevations of precise level beneh markSj etc. — Continued. 



Kamber. 



Top of rip., 



T.B.1I.N8=:qU 
KM. 



T.B.1L5IB 



l B. M. 2«l=« 



aim-: 

T'fiLX.513. 
P.B.M.JC7. 



?r?E 



5i3. 



T.B.M.5I5, 



P.B.lC.3fcY..., 



TT^ofcap 
■BU.sig 

it«W»aCilyB.M. 



Atrhhon datum ... 
P.B.1C.270 



T.B.3C.510 

T. B. K. 5M=3old 
gauge B. M. 



0.S. gauge 

P.BwM.271 

l'.B.M. 272 



DeBcription. 



Elevatiou. 



Metcrn. ■ Feet 



OTerP.D.M. 265 

Ia2^ntfle8 abcn'e Oak Milln, { mile abure Littio Walnut 
Creek. 1£0 feet below railn»a(I brid^ No. 09. on blutf 
side of track <I5 feet frtnu ceuter; being top of spike in 
root of 6-iiicli elm. 

la about » mile« above Oak Hills, f mile below Mr. Silk'n 
houae, lUf ft«t above mile post 'i2^. on river side of j 
traisk 40 eet trom center, at iipjier n\p' of small ntrip of | 
timber; being top of large spike in 22-mcIi elm. i 

laabitut 3 miles aoove Oak Mills, 413 feet Ixlow Joseph j ID. 4918 
Bilk's honac, 16 feet above wliintle |>oi»t^ on bluff side of 
track 12 feet frnm center; bein^ lii;;liest point in square 
cut on hniM*dded rock and mitrked V.n S. 

feetl>elow lowrr 



114. .'•>908 I 375, nf.8 
lil.'JftlO I 374.974 



112.45L>0 3G8.94I 



372. 352 



la about 5| miles below AtcLison, Kiins.. 30 : 
end of iron bridge across Walnut Treek. on blutf side of 
track 68 feet trom center and 45 feet north of T. B. M. 541 ; 
being copper bolt iu B. M. Ht«)no. 

Over F. b.M. 266 

Ib5| miles below Union Depot nt AtrhiHon, 75 feot bolow end 
of iron bridge aoroaa Walnut CrcHik. on blutf nido of track 
66 feet ftom eentcr ; being top of spike in north root of 30- 
ineh etan. 

la 44 miles below Union Depot at Atcliison. 242 fe<*t bolow 
mllepoat 32H. 742 feet below south end of railroad bridge 
Xo. 103 on bluff aide of track 14 fei^t from ct-nlcr and 15 
feet east of wagonroad ; being highest point in nquart' cut 
on imbedded rock. 

Is at prominent point 3 miles below Union depot at Ati-luMou, 
120 foet below mile post .127, on blutf side track, 59 foci 
fhnn center. 10 feet amive grade, 16 fo<.>t toward rivi>r fr(»m 
wagon road, And 8 feet southeast of lu-iiich criib apple; 
being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OverP. B.M.267 

Is about Smiles below Union dcpf>t at A ti'hiHon, 983 foot alN)\ <i 
railroad bridge No. 104 over small nrot'k. 108 feet brio w mile 

IKMt 3C27, on uuff side of track. 15 foet fn>m cciitrr; lK>iii'; 
lisheat point in s<inar(> cut on rock and utnrkud V fj S. 

Is about l| miles below Union deimt at AtdiiHon. 1.90o iVi^t 
below Bridge No. ]U6 ovi*r crei^K, just brlow ice lious^. on 
west sidcof track. 'V* feet from center; Ikmh!; horizontal fur- 
row iu rop]>er bolt loaded horizontally into natnnil l4>d:£i'. 

Is 1^ miles below Union dotMit at Atc'bisrm, 1G5 foct below 
Bridge No. IOC. on blutf tiao (»f track, 60 foot from coutiT; 
being top of spike in oak stump. 

la in lower end of Atchison, o53 foot abovo lowest head blcM-k 
of sidings, 328 fL*et below brirk woi k>*. rivor sido of track, 
80 feet rirom center and 30 foot west tVoui ed;;o of rlvi-r 
bank; being top of spike iu west r<M)t of lono olm 2 foi:t iu 
dlamet4ir. 

la in Atchison, on west side of Gillonpio stroot, 71U r4>ot Himth 
of its inleritectlon with Park street, nt tixir of blnlf and 35 
feet west of bank of Wliito (May (-n'ck : boin;; t.oj> of cop- 
per bolt leaded vertically int4) n.itunil loil<;e about 4 firot 
Delow surface of gniund and sunnountoil by un iron pi^K;. 

Over P. B. M. 289 

la on Mlller'a Hotel on southoartt corner of Third and Com- 
mercial streets, on ('omnnrcial Htroot r-ido, 15 inches liack 
frma Third street side: boini; hi;;hcsl point iu square cut 
in water table and imirkcd V- ['] S. 

41.59 feet below city B. M 

Is in Atchison, at 'northeast rornor of Fifth and .Santa F« 
atrects, in the sriuthwcMl corner of tower at south entranco 
of Virat Presbyterian Chun-h : lieinj: center of pnncli mark 
in copjier bolt loaded hori2ont';tlly'iuto second courfjo of 
atone from ground. 

Is in Atchison, on northeast comor of IMfth and Santa Fe 
streets; lielue higiiest |»f»int iu square cut in curlmtoue, 
1 foot ea«t of east luiildmi; lino, and marked U ID S. 

la in Atcblson. on northeast corner of wi-st nbutnii-nt of 
AtcUson Bridge ; boini; highest point iu square formed on 

aoiithweat angle of cross, thus fTT"- 

At Atchison, is wire-cable gauge ou west span of bridge. 
Klevatlon of its zero. 

Iain Atchison, in southeast corner of nuriin^ttm and Mis- 
a<inri Rivor Railroad fr*-i;;lit do]H)t. 41 iuclics west from 
comer and 2 incbes trom south face of water table; being 
top of copper bolt leaded vertically. 

la in north end of cant abutment of' Atchison Bridjro iiiTosn 
MlMourl River, in top course of nia.sunry. noitli west cor- 
ner, 6 inches from cither liov«>l edge of stuiie; being top 
of copper bolt Jcadod rerticaJiy. 



113.1337 1 371.177 



114.304)7 
114,5305 



114. 1885 



116.G550 



37:. 202 
375. 760 



374.638 



382. 730 



1 17. 8931 3Hfi. 702 



I 1 14. 8;.90 



117.5740 



114.4475 

113.7400 



117.3190 



37<>. 775 

38.5.745 

375. 487 
373. 106 



384.908 



118.5449 388.930 

118.31tU| 388.187 

I 



340. .'>97 
129. 8177 425. 915 



I 



129.0768 , 423.484 

I 

I 

115.1104 377. 6G2 



+0. 0797 
117.4180 



lie. 0799 



-f 0.262 
385. 233 



382. 813 



I 



4132 REPORT OF THK CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ABHY. 
DetoripOoni and tlecalioH* of precife hrtl btKch marki, tic. — Coiitiiiij«d. 



E'Kai: 



fK"; 



_-, — LlnolnHii nqimroinarkal'C.. ._. 
la tevaa-fisbOMolt inlle du tncIcfTainaist.aiidDr A.tch[Km 
Kri.lEB. Ilir>'e nnHitEn nf » mile Iwliw natsr tank, five- 
■JgbOisDfatiifle Inluw nilruul DT'iHsfBg. 3,I0S feetbalow 
EaniuACtty, Rl. JoivpliiuKl Coa^U ItlnTa JunDtlaii. I.SIO 
foelbelov Wlothrup; bi'iuslapoFxpiLslurootDriil-fDat 

l9 li'mllfi run of Esat AtofalHin, one-hdr mile south 
i>r KnDAniiCity It. S.tnuk.oiiae«tiuiilii»315fMtanuLh 
of ui'tl<mwinicria,30,a) !I0 T. 55N.,B.37 W.,aiid J39 
tea Hiuih of nassii nwdi beloK copper bolt lii B. M. 

nvo?p,n.u,zra 

la 11 mill'! CBKt nr Enat Alchimn, Ii[n., nett xratkill llue 
betwcvu HH-lluna 30 iDil 30. siid aLoiit 4M tert Miiith of 
uet)>m enniHr 1>, 30. ». and 30, T. So X., II. B7 W. ; beiaa 
IvparaulketnU-fnotolru. 

la nne-liuff mile ■bovn Tailrnad rroiuins oppodte A(<ihl- 
Hon, .lunt iigithof IlUmh]l.tnppl^[ stun of llnd Lake. 7S 
fn-t troiii tnirk. In yard lo liuaea OWnwl bj Jkoob Cook; 
leinKtnpofapikBlnaO.liuhelm. 

lUaliui'.t 'J [D<1«H Iwlov Rnihrilln. Mo., thrw^jDarten mile 
abavBiiautrUnk.one.|iDirioileaboveMiidL«he.lnuoitli- 
WMt-ronKSTDf OalilownedhvJaaperAIIlJum.diusnutliaf 
ImiiitB OMUiiled b^S.U.I^slior.owiitdbjUn. Oskwrna: 
belnk'COPMT bolt in B.U.Stone. 

oiphmi.m.«4 

li 1 mlla above nUronl «nH9laf[. oppoaltsAtohUon. oppo- 

alhsfanu-ruduDMiae. 110 f«t«aat)i from ChlBaKO.Kn'k 
IhImiI Hurl PanUc Iwy.. on farm owned liy Jaapcr AllL 
HUH; liplnitlapo-f B))fce lu lout uf large vim atondlngat 
iipiurr eilLinorrood. 

Ti>ia,aiiilmilobe]<nrKuBhTllIe.Ma..e3nf,«tabDTBltrldni 
No. ;iil nnOhloago. Sock IsluiU iind PooillcJlnyL, Ultlee* 
ttbuTB farm oroMine. mHwa.v bptwpcn KaiiniW City. St. 
JoKBphjinlCnnnrll miiAa. and St. JoiwphatidKaDia IV 
RnyB) liefapldporerlkflin eaat root ur^OnC large irei- 
■norpatDiaii hi'liiwAulirillr. 

I«7&4rwlh«low(-|il>'iu[o,I{(KkI>1niiauml7»Jg|] depot at 
TtuHhTBlu.up|>ail[e''[>al«r«rBrlrl^>-No.lUOonnbnTDroad, 



r. 1I.W.2JS 

liirm- li>ni> e 



>r RiiikrllU, ane-quartc 

,..RMkI»lBDdandf"B»lll 

_.-1nw»>ad I'hnuinAln aHmC luoil. -Safest u 
uBfrum larm liiui- i:lm, iin wbii'li T. B. U 
'"iing«op'peTbulC iu II. M. alniie. 



r, nvur P. B. M. 
•vi; Mr. -ff-lUUm 



rtMiil .-iiiil roufi t* If R.inlirii' }\ Ihil'a road, wlwn U 
rriMKi". il,i. irarka oppoait IWiUp lMion«an*«r*tt.i., 
KlHiiit wi r.'rl frrnn T.ll.U fim.^-lfpci di>H iifatfrtimB 
VI imli Hill. i; fn-. jorlhfrcim Miurli 'lni,iuidlflr«rt 
X. lii' K.Ufa iBrxAblaak-walnl ^ti ecopiHTboU[ " 



'JTH. nt a iHihil wiiars Mnffin (<onr o 



T. H, M, n«6, l.M 
..iii.MMliXbHdtf 



APPENDIX Z Z RKPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4133 

Descriptions and demtiouH ofprprhv h'vel bench marks, etc, — ContinTicd. 



Xuiiiber. 



TtKT» of cap 
T.IJ. M.o« 



DoMoription. 



Klevation. 



m . 



P.B. M.278= 
KvnmiMir. 



,...i 



117 



•-I 



Top of cap. . 
T. 15. M.570 



T. 15. M.aTl . 



P. 15. M.279. 



Top of r.ip.. 
T. 15. M.&73. 



P. B. M. 250-- 



OrerP. B.M.277 

Is at tlie itppt'T t*nd of llaU'H. oiU'qnurliT irillw a)iov« thi- 
di'liot. 125 l4^:t liliiivc upper Im:«1 Mock of MiKHoiiri rjrilin 
Biuiuc. 00 fi'4>t north from <-ciiti'r of .-.aino. on north sitlc of 
'vrnj'on ntnd: iH-in;; lopoiHpikc in nonth root ofa40 inrhclni. 

Is in till? northc-ast ronuT oj" s«'«'tion 2'<. T. .'lO N.. K. :{'i \V.. 
2.VM)fe«t nortliiast of KmimMir Station and alnHit 2.'>«i U-o.t 
mirtbeastof honsi* of WarriMi Sannu'Is. about *J40 feet above 
T. 15. M.SOO; bein^ copper bolt in J5. M. Htonc. 

Over P. 15. M.27H...: 

iMOUC-half luilc above Kcninoor. IHVj feet alMive farm eio.s.Hin;x> 
on river Hido of trnckn, 'S.i feet fioni eenter of Mirtsouri 
Pa<'i tic track at fence; Iwing top npiko in sonth root uf 
30incli clin. 

la alK)ut 13 miles above Kcnmoor. fiOO feet above r.rid^e No. 
43 J A, 5li.>*Aonri Paeilic Kwy.. 15 feet from the iiortheaNt 
conicr »»f Mr. John Mead's yard : bciii'? a Hjiikc in the east 
root ofa2S-inc]i blaek n-nlnnt. 

la 6J inileR below St. JoHe|>h. Mo.. IJ niib-a lielow Lakes Sid- 
iiijl, near T. 15. M. ftT.l. m tlie south\\<-Hi corner of door- 
yanl owned by A. II«M'he. at eawt Hide of >^a^on road and 
alMuit 100 fecteHht tVimi Chlrai'.o. Rock Island and Pacitic 
tmck; being eopper bolt in J'l. .M. Mono. 

OverP. B.M.i'79 

Is about one-half mile above llorse.slioe Lake. 114 feet east 
from center of Jiock Island trark, near^ollth\\■l".t e«)rn«r 
of dooryanl of houHO oeen]>icd by X. IJo/arlh and oumd 
by A. Kocbe; being top ot Hpike in west base of :{J-f»Mit 
elm. 



llM.r>712 
118.6850 



12:j. 34:^8 



124. 5725 
111). 5084 



3f«9. 010 
38U. :{i»2 



404. 675 



408. 700 
:{!n!. Mil 



120.6505 : 305.8:58 



119.5482 392.1122 



12i».7iH)8 I 
12W.7159 . 



390. 2P9 
390. U53 



*9 



Ti»p of cap... 
T. B. M. 575. 



T. B. M. 576. 



T. B. M. 577 



P. B. M. 281 . 
St.lieori^c. 



Top of cap ... 
T. B. M. 570. 



T. B. M. 580 



P. B. M. 282 



T. B. M. 582 
B. M. 313. 



V. S. gange. 



T. B. M. 5«3 
B. M.312. 



P. H.M.283^-. 



la on left bank of MiH«ouri River. 4^ nnh-n below Hannibal 
and St.JoHcidi Railway Jirid^'e, about one half mib* east of 
the railroad, near nnarlei- post on the north siiie <if sec. 
12, T. 50N., K. 30 W., 304 feet soutluast of NeUon llaw- 
ley'j* houiiP, in the highway, at east fence; bt:in«; copper 
bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M.280 

Is alM)Ht 'XA\ feet north of P. 15. M. L'.'^o, m-.irly midway 
betw<:en Xclson Ilawh\v*8 and Frank .lonexs h(»uses. at 
l)i;>h|>oint of ground at'we>t siile of road, at fence: bein;: 
top ot 8]dke in east rtH>t of honey h.-cust . 

Is about 2i miles Im'Iow St. (ieorm*. at Uriilue No. is) e»f the 
Kansaa (*itv, St. Ji.K<(e]di and (Niimk'H lilutl's Kailuay, on 
Kt uinp of pile at the M]»]ier nortliwrst side of l»rid;;e, oni' 
f<M>t above surface of ground : biinir toj> of sjiike. 

Is 1} miles Im-Iow St. (Jeorge. at lower end of Itridire oOiT.lJ.. 
under center of track; being to]) of spike in stump of a 
pile 14 incliesin diameter projecting 2 feot above surface 
of ground. 

Iain St. George, Mo., on <*ast side of railroad track, in 
southwest corner of jard to hotel owmil by Nick 
Byrnes, on Mis.souri -Avenue, 18 feet wist of soiilhwest 
comer of hoti'l porch: bein^ copper boll in J5. M. stone. 

OverP. B.M.281 

Is in St. Georjie. on east sidi* of St. dosejdi Stock\anls 
Kxcliango ]5uihling, on stom- door^t«p of .south cliMir; 
b<iing hmiest jioint in s«inare «'ut on .south end of stej) 
and marked V. G S. 

Is at the wmthi-rn ]iart of St..Tt>se]di. Mo,, on the southwest 
comer of Pitlh and (.Vdar stn-et.-i. on lin«'k buihlingof the. 
■\VaterGa8 (.'ompany, on the south window sill on Fifth 
street, 8 inches south of thi* south side of tlie window; 
being the highest jioint in stiuaie marked 1'. [ ; S. 

Iain St. JoM'iph, in the noiih end of the east )il< r of tlio 
Hannibal and St. Joseph II. JI. r.ri<li;e aero^•^. Missouri 
River, iMiint; the |)ier at«>a8t end of draw. 1.') inches north 
of be<l plates and in lim^ with the we^t row of \hA\a 
through plat-e, 2 feet south from the north edge of [»ier; 
being C4>pTK'r bolt leaded vertical! v. 

Is same as B. M. .'54 (1S79). at southwest corner of Fourth 
street and railroad, on Henry Ivrugg's jiackin;i house, at 
the northeast comer of foundation, on the we^t side of 
arched entrance; l>cing outi-r end of cms-*, tlius : G: 

At St.- Jf»seph, i« a wire-cable i:aug«' on t h«- 1 ast span of Han- 
nibal and St. Jo.seph II. II. llridge. Fli-vation of its zero. 
zlUUI ! Is on the east pier of Ilaniiibal and St. Joseph liridge at. 
8t. Joseph. 120 feet south of north edge «)f i-opinj? pier; 
lieing highest point in.iouthwesi anjileoferossiil marked '•] 

Islnsouthendof St. Joseph. Mo., at northeast c«»rnerof Dun- 
can and Bartletl streets, about l.luo iVet east of east end 
ofHannlbalundSt. JobCph Llridgu; being copper bolt in 15. 
ILttone. 



125. 5879 



412. 037 



120. 81 42 
125.Ui»72 , 



416.001 
410.428 



J 22. 0074 1 402.45ti 



125.00!?8 : 410. i:{8 



Old 



125. 3334 



120. :'679 
I24.40j'2 



125. 9720 



124. 1208 



411.202 



415 2.''.3 
408. 30^4 



413. 2y7 



407. 244 



a ■ 



I 
125.0983 I 410.431 

i 

I 

j 

_ 0.0747 I —0.215 
124.8775 409.707 

124.0320 . 406.933 



4134 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. ft. ARMY. 
Descriptions and elevations of precise level bench marks j etc. — Continued. 




Top of cap.. 
P.B. M.J«4 



T. B. M. 584 



P. R.M.285 
St. Josopli. 



r. B.M.286. 



T. B. M. 585 



Citv datnin , 

T. IJ. M.580 



P. B.M.287 — Snj 
U. 8. boat yard. 



Top of cap 

T. B. M.5«8 



P.B.M.288 



Top of cap.- 
T.B. M.589 



P. B. M. 289 



P. B. M. 290 = V 



Top of cap 



Over P. B. M. 21^3 

Is in St. JoMepb, on wcfit side of I'Dinu depot, in window 
Hill of Aertmd window south of dotitli entraucu to waiting 
room, 4| inches l>ar.k from vortical face of sill and 7 inches 
north of south end ; bein^ top of copper bolt leaded ver- 
tically. 

Is in St. Joseph, on west side of Union depot, on north end 
of stone doorstep of door to barber shop, being first door 
north of passage way through building; being highest 
point in sqnare 

Iain St. Joseph, at the southeast cornoof Edmondand Eighth 
streeta, on the northeast corner of post-office building, 12 
feet west fnim comer, on wlndowsul of window just east 
of entrance on Etlniond street, 8 inches west from east 
end of sill; being copner bolt leaded vertically. 

Is in St Joseph, at sontneast corner of Felix ana Sonth Sec- 
ond streets, in the northwest corner of city hall, 1 foot 
east of comer of building on Felix street and 5 feet above 
side walk ; being center of punch mark in copper bolt 
leaded horlr.ontafiy. 

Is near P. B. M. 286, on water table at northwest comer of 
city hall ; being highest point in notoh. 

Of St. Joseph, id 23.8J2 feet below T. B. M. 585 

Is in St. Joseph, at upper end of town, on southwest comer 
of Francis street, and Just east of north end of Kansas 
City, St. Joseph and Council BlufiJB depot ; being highest 
point in square cut on curb stone and marked iT. O S. 

Is at Unit«dr States boat yard above St. Joseph, one-eighth 
of a mile above Mr. Dupr^e's house. Just behind top of 
revetment, near the north line of sec. 1, T. 57 K., K. 36 
W., abont 800 feet east of the northwcut cosner of the sec- 
tion. It is 16 feet north ftom the north lino of ways and 
85 feet west of west end. 196 feet below track of ways; 
being copper liolt in B. M. stone. 

OverP.B.M.287 

Is on south side of Upper French Bottom Road, 3,280 feet 
wcMt from railroad track. 65 feet west from end of lane 
leading from Chas. Huncey's house; being top of spike 
in sonth root of a 30-inch elm. 

Is 2} miles above St Joseph, at foot of blulf, 48 feet iVom 
center of tra<^k, at east right-of-way fence, and on line 
with the fence on north side of Upp4!r French Bottom 
Koad, 15 feet sonth of small railroad bridge; being copper 
bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 288 

Is near P. B. M. 288,100 feet below small railroad bridge at 
foot of bluff, 70 feet east from track center, 27 feet from 
east right-of-way fence, on a small rock lying midway be- 
tween two large rocks; being highest point in square 
marked U. p S. 

Is about 34 miles above St. Joseph, at pnmp house of water 
works, on west side of pump room, 18 root north from south- 
west comer, 10 feet north trom door. 85 feet south flrom tall 
chimney, on sonth end of stone window sill, 1^ inches 
back frr>m west face; being copper bolt leaded vertically. 

Is 3} miles above St. Joseph, 7'iO feet, above pnmp house of 
St. JoMeph water works, at foot of blutf, 70 feet from cen- 
ter of Kansas City, St. Joseph and Council Bluffs tracks 
20 feet east of east right-of-way fenc-e ; being copper bolt 
in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. H. 200 



125. 2580 
127.8096 



126.9232 



140. 0132 



41 



4C 



130. 5072 : 42 

i 
I 

I 
129.2635 ! 42 

126.5634 



123.0735 



124.2941 
123. 1603 


4( 

41. 


121.7375 


3S 


122. 9708 
124.0244 


4( 
4( 


125.0111 


4] 


124.0040 


4( 



125. 2516 



4C 
41 



4C 



Appendix A 6. 

ANNUAL REPORT OF MR. JAMES A. PAIGE, ASSISTANT ENGINEER. 1893. 

Office Missouri River Commission, 
St, Louis, Mo,, December SI, IS 

Sir : I have the honor to report as follows on the field work of the precise i 
ing oporations in my charge between Sioux City, Iowa, and St. Joseph, Mo., di 
the Humiuer of 1892 : 

On April 9, I received Instructions from you to go to Council Bluffs, Iowa, oi 
ize two precise level field parties, which were to be quartered on a quarter boat 
pared for the parpose, then lying at the Council Bluffii U. S. boat yard^ to pre 



— ItEI"OKT OF SllStiOl 



' ■ tidfll nl :^t. Josepli 8(<[>laiiitier 23, 18112. 
". Vi, nrovldnd with a tout HO by II feet, ft iliwi^rip' 
I. \ iMixlllirjitlniis ii gWeu oil I'UKtt 3740 iiuiil inavl] 
:. 11. B. Aniiyfor IffiU. 
Ill till' (..tee, Wfw; Jam™ A. I'aig(s levt-Uer; 8. W. Shluklo, 
. a iiinhrrlln man; 0. H. R, Tnnmr, lnvi.llor; M. E. PprL-uson, 
men, 'J nmkiroUn inim, 1 ennk, nnd ] wnitor, niakiiis; a total uf it lueu. 
''. FDrgiwmi I<\fl tbe wiirk, nii<l liiotmfiii Gvorge K. Birdsuacendtnlfalm 



I ^l.iH .1 r '. tiiilca nboTB Kintll City, nt die 

engn, MJtwuiikeu .111,1 !-i. I m.i l^.ilway nvr.r the ilia Sioux Rivor. 
Blbvelt UiiMii at tliU puiotutl'. 11. .M. 1 nnd ondHtlntU.S. bontTinl 
|«t P. B. U. lia (II. M. ^i Wcllmnn). 

i Blnffa a lino of IdvcJs wm «arrl«d ocroNs the river to Oiiutlia, wlioro 
j^beudi murks werv cstHblUhod. 

n avMcm uf benc^b marka wna ealablisbod butween 
. ml I-envou worth. 
'o uf lliesD 1ioDcli-tuutk linui extDudrid to tbn milroaiU ou the oaet aide of tho 

l^thew oat*a" beunb marks n 
not, ootincotion was ma 
leh-mark oyatum. 
^wo ocinB«niitiv« bench murks thus connected with wore more tliui 
IfiiHithpr l>pni!b mnrk was petablisbnd between thnm. 

?. whldhUoabissndeBctibed inprnvioas rejiorta, was 

plhnt '. '-! -li" I' riifr-orlitttriiig.lOrurhesiuoiiteriliiiraeter.ivMurldeil; 

liiwarendofwlileh waHeipaiided tohold tbn9iiDgB 

. , .nt above the top surface of the stone, and tends to 

■ pil" "It of tlie aronnd or othorwiae moved. This form of 

.if.e the old pipe when any of the "Wollmnn" bondi 

u-bon new bonob miirka were sot. 

jiper bolts three-eighths of an Itiob In diameter und 

ished in bridge pinrs and brick or atone buildings 

(idnred relinlde. 

I^^HlriDg tLd ijiiurtcr bont the nsnol methodofliond power with sweeps wna nssd 
jMhng bor. 

FJ"» movinK from flisn(«ns, Iowa, on .liily 13, dnring extreme high water, the 
•» boat WHS drjiwn ou a sand bivr by aide current* nnd grimnded, Ei miles above 
WauUi, Nelir. nnfoTtnnal«1v, about thin time the water began falling, and 
'* the boat could lie pulled off with th<! foroe and moans at hand, the river had 
'Imwa 0" tliiit nhe was soon left high on the saud. By your instructions the 
<t boat was li^ temporSrily in charge of a watnhmon, and the field work oon- 
;,' pnrlic's being quartered nt boarding houses along 
■ i' ■. . ii.-iil!y floated by d force tiont from Omaha 
.ill down to a point opposite Barllett, lowu, 



kl'i'edMb liivtiling operationa tliis is Ihe best time of the day for instramentol 

sfil to qunrter Mr. Turner's field party at hotels at Whiting, 
'111 Kilie]ow, when the work was in those vicinities. 
'-<<n the necessary insiiTDments and tools and u portion 
. [,'ioived at Council Bluffs from Chorlrs P. Potter, 

rty was tamed over to 8. Waters Fox, division 

' I io^e of the seaeoD on September 26, 1SB2. 
n day, Willi As»i"tiiot O. H. B. Turner, t reported to yon at St. I.oiiis for 
' 'b rvdiicing tlie Held notes, and have been so rngaged till the prt'sont 

minitatioiia were reported to yon in tabulated, form for each week 

nigbt. ThL- plane of n-ftrpncc was the same fts that of B. M. *H 

evatiou of which i8 693.84Q feet. (See report of IJhief of Engineers, 
t, fet Wn, p. 3S17.) 






4136 REPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ABIMY. 

The work of the season is in(lcl)te<l to Assistant Tanior for his asnal valaable 
services. 

The kinds of instnuuents nsed and thoir various constants, the methods employed 
and results ohtained, and certain statistical data, together with the theort^tical 
features of the work, will form subjects for discussion with tlie final ofiSce reduction 
when it is completed. 

The following is a summary of work done : 

Line leveled and checked miles.. 247.3 

l*reciHe bench marks (stone and pipe), set ' 64 

Precise bench marks (copper bolts), set 18 

Old bench nnrks (stone and pipe), connected with, and pipe replaced by new, 25 

( )thor engineer bench marks connected with 4 

City bench marks connected with 1 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Jamks a. Paigk, 
Aaaistani Engineer, 
First Lieut. J. C. Santord, 

Corps of Engineers, U, S. A,, 

Secretary Missouri Biver Commission, 



REPORT OF MR. JAMES A. PAIGE, ASSISTANT ENGINEER, ON LEVEL TIALS USBD, 

SIOUX CITY TO ST. JOSEPH, 1892. 

BALTiMOitK, Md., JtiZy 4, 189S. 

Sir: Heferring to the level vials, Nos. 9 and 12, in use on this work, they have an 
angular value per division of 3.55 seconds and 4.58 seconds, respectively, and which, 
in common with other vials, change some from season to season. These two vials 
are very poor instrument-s for this kind of work. The fluid appears to stick at times, 
and its movement is not uniform with the movement of the micrometer screw. 

Since the lield season from Sioux City to St. Joseph ended. I have used, on a line 
102 miles long, a level vial (value 3 seconds) furnislied by a different manufacturer, 
and there is no comparison between the two dealers^ precise leveling vials. 

Many lines on the Sioux City-St. Joseph work had to be leveled more than twice; 
and, while a constant appears in the results, I am satisfied the trouble was in the 
tubes used. 

In the 102 miles above named where a difterent vial was used, but one lino had to 
be leveled more than twice. 

The limit of di8crei>ant'y was the same in both cases. 

These two Kern vials, Nos. 9 and 12, are not fit for precise levelinpf, and they 
should be discarded; or better, they should bo condemned and destroyed, bo that 
jireciae levelers in the future may not have the vexation and annoyance due to using 
them, or have their work vitiated by them. 

For a few dollars they can be rei)laced by instruments that are precise in fact as 
well as in name. 

I do not know wherein the defect lies. Possibly the fluid in the vials has nnder- 
fione some chanjj^e with a^e. Probably the <*anfte of thtj trouble is the manner in 
which the interior surfaces of the j^lassos wore ground. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

James A. Paigk, 
Assistant Engineer. 

First Lieut. J. C. Sanford, 

Corps of Engineers, J\ S. A.<, 

Secretary Missouri liiver Commission. 



TABULATIOK of rHECISE LEVEL RKSl'LTS, SIOUX CITY, IOWA, TOST. JOSEPH. MO., 

1802. 

In the table of results, column 1 gives the bench mark T. B. M., signifying tem- 
porary bench mark, an<l P. 15. M., sijiciiifyin^jf jnecise level bench mark. 

(*olnmn 2 gives the bt-noh mark from which that in column 1 was determined. 

C(duuin 3 gives length of stroti'h in meters. 

Column 4 contains the liistances in kilometers from initial bench mark. 

Column 5 gives the diiy^ction in which the line was leveled. S is forsoath or direct 
line. N is for north or reverse line. 



APPENDIX Z Z ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVF.R COMMISSION. 4137 

Colamn 6 gives snccosBivc diifoifncos of olevaiitni in inilliiuotorH bctwcoii bench 
marks and the mean of sncli doterminatioiiH. 

Colamn? gives the residuals found by Rubtractiiif^ each (U'tnrnniiation from the 
mean. 

Column 8 gives the discrepancy bctwccu direct lint) and tho iiK'aii, and is the alge- 
braic snm of the residnals. 

Column 9 gives the discrepancy between reverse line and the mean, and is the 
algebraic sum of the residnnls. 

Column 10 gives the probable error, r, of the mean in column 5. 

Column 11 fives the probable eicror, R, of tIl<^ ni(>an elevation of each bench mark 
as computed Trom the beginning of the s<;ction. 

Colamn 12 gives the total rod correction us com]iut(Ml from initial bench mark. 

Column 13 gives the elevation in uioterH of all bench marks ntferred to St. Lonis 
Directrix. 

Column 14 gives the elevation in feet of all boneh marks referred to St. Loui^ 
Directrix. 

Colnnm 15 gives the elevation in feet of all old bench marks connected with 
referred to St. Louis Directrix. 

Colamn 16 gives the discrepancy in feet of old bench marks. 

Colnnm 17 gives the initial of (^ach observer: V. in for Assistant James A. Paige; 
T. is for Assistant O. H. B. Turner; S. is for Recorder S. W. Shiukle; ii. is for 
Becorder George F, Bird. 

Bench marks marked with an asterisk (*) are not in the main line. The value of 
the meter used is 3.2808693 feet. 



I. ' 



4138 BEPOET OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEEES, U. 8. ABMT. 





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APPENDIX Z Z — BEPORT OF MIHAOUHI lUVER COUMISSIOy. 4139 



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4140 REPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARMY. 



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APPENDIX 2 Z — BEPOBT OF MISSOURI HIVKR COMMISSION. 4141 



ti ti 




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J 


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9 



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s 

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4146 BEPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ESG1NEKB8, U. 8. ABUT. 



I - 





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' APPENblX Z Z — KBPOBT OF HIS8UUBI RIVER COMMISSION. 4147 





V 
















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4148 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENSIlinSEnS, U. 8. AR&At. 



o 



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APFEKDIZ Z Z — BBPOBT OF MISSOUBI BETEK COHHISSION. 4149 



*1 



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4150 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARMY. 



a 

o 






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H 

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APPB5DIZ Z Z — ^BEPORT OF HISSOUBI BIVEB C0UUI8SI0N. 4161 



t 


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4152 BEPOBT OF THE CHICF OF ENGINEEBg, U. 8. AEUr. 



IP 



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APFEHOIX Z Z — BGPOBT OF MISSOURI BIVEB COUMISSION. 4153 





i 


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4154 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARHT. 



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APPENDIX Z Z — ^BEPOBT OF MISSOURI KIVEB COMMISSION. 4163 



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8 



8 



S 






s 

•If 



s 



s 


8 


ri 


H 


Pi 


ri 


fj 


e4 



S 


s 


i>i 


iii 


ri 


ri 


»' 


H' 



8 



■ 



I 

• 



i 



B 


8 


ii4 


^ 


ri 


Id 


(i 


fi 















4166 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, a 8. ARMY. 



I 



5|g 



I 



P 



O 

O 

i 

n 



5 



H 

o 



a 









I 
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r 
l« 

a 

o 

I 



9 



a > 



I 



S 



s 



§ § 



§ 



6 

to 






^ 



J^ 



ft; 



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t 



+ 



+ 



I 



Is 



c« 

r4 



M 



e« 



e« 






I 



3=" 



^3 






8 



I 

Sol 

s ® 
p • 



•;3 



ft •"'^ 



6-^ 



CO 



ta 



e 
1-4 



e 



M 



6 



I 






CO 



+ 



c4 

+ 



1 



1 



1 






:C9i 



It? 



t° 



e«eo 

• • 

oo 

1 + 



lOtO 



+ 1 



+ 1 



1 + 



CQe>9 

ocJ 

1 + 



OOr-l 
;fcg 



1^1 



cote 

• y 



+ -h 



+ 






COO 

I I 



eoeo 

■ • 



oo 

1 



Id 

It 



oo 



iao» 



S 



I 1 



I 



T4^ 



04 



• • 






c»>5 



2. : • 8 



1^ 



4 



on 









^ ^09 :^ ^cc ^ ^oQ ^ QQ^ ;4 






to 



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I 

fl 



s 



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r 



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o 

PS 



o 
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t 



s 



i^ 






13 



8 



+ 

00 



00 



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+ 

s 



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;^ 

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8 

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ep 






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APPENDIX Z Z — ^BEPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4167 



S 



r^ 



H Pk 



_ • • 

H P4 



I g 






3 



t 



% 



t 



& 



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CO 



I- 

in 



lA 



lO 



s 






91 

■ 



U 



+ 









o 
+ 



o 



+ 



«0 



•4 



CO 



M 



+ 



c6 

+ 



t 



1 






o 
o 

« 



CO 



•A 

+ 



i-iO 



7+ 



tW 



^11 + 



Met 

■ • 



MM 

1? 



1 



meo 



1 + 



7 



lAlA 



u2»n 



+1 



11 



1 



If 



f 



» ^« 



fl 



If! 



TT 



Si 

1 



9aBcb9 
++++ 



CO 

+ 



ret- 



lO 



t* CO 

ti 

++ 



•o 






I I 



3 

I 



COCO 

++ 



2 



• • 

roQQ 
co» 
coco 



•A 

CO 
CO 

+ 



I 



§ 



i i : i 



{^eot^flD ^ ^oQQO^ r4 00^ S cnk; ^ oq^ ^ co^ Ji^ oo^ S 





s 


8 


^ 


i 12 


s 


@ 




t 


^ 


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: S 




r4 



S 3 



I 



eo 



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+ 

i 

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8 


9 


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id 


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i4 


i4 


A 


fi 


ii 


f» 



a 

■ 



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S3 

p4 

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p<j 

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3 

■ 



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PP 



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00 



80 


00 

• 


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» 


M 


B 


& 


ti 



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4168 REPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ABHY. 



2 
o 



od 



CO 



-♦3 

o 






I 



I. 

i 

g 



B 



I 



e 






i 



g 



s 

s 



?1 



s 









8 



f2 



9 






i 






Is 



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M 



+ 






Id 






62 



CO 



:q 



r4 






a 

00 

IS 



a 

rC 
S 






4> 

OS 



♦» 

S 






I 3 II 






« 

a 



^ 



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Q 



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41 5 



I 









I 



I 






lO 

+ 



1 



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lit 



u'SIA 

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+ 1 



• • • • 

't CO -^Cl 

1+4-1 



%1 



■ • • 
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+ 1 I 



CO-* 



1 + 



(DO 






^ 



-h+ 






094 



IC4 



+ + 






00 to 



ooo 
++ 



oo 



Ml 
+ 



CO ocoo 



OOOOkM 



1111 






eco 



ii 

I I 



o 



t^^eo 



++*+ 



+ 



+ f 






I 






8 



5« 



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s 



00 
00 

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^^ 
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00 



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00 



134 



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O 

O 
P. 

o 

H 

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00 

• 


a 


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PQ 


pa 


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00 

PQ 

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PQ 



APFEHDIX Z Z — DEraRT OF MISSOURI RITER COUUUSION. 41B9 



f 


? 


s 


s 


s 


1 


1 


5 


g 


d 


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£ 


g 


g 


s 


t 


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% 


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S 


i 


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a 



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1^ 




1«i 




7«t 




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TT 




ii 

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f 


WW 


i. 

+ 


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1111 


1 


ii 

"+ 


i 
i 


1! 


! 


H 


^- 


TT 


& 


aX 


i 


«» 


1 ii 


1 


1 1 ! I 


1 




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tcK 


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oiiq 


3 


nZ 


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4170 REPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENQINEEES, U. B. ARMY. 





1 








p. 






c> 










& 




o< 










m 


1 


















c 


s,- 


















































































p 


li-^ 


















































































St 




B 




5 




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§ 


t 


g 




§ 




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s 


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1 


6 


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5 


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g 






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s 




H 
























































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+ 




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3 




n 




s 


rf 








s 






























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I' 


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1-1 




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+T 




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fll 


1 


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i 


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g 


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1 


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St 










r, 


















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+++ 


+ 


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1 




s 




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s 




s 




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APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4171 



fii oS 



s 



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in 



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+ 









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CI 



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of 

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1+1 + 



h « CO M 



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o oeo 

(d ll «s «) 
rt li i-i »-< 

7 I 



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CO ,< i-tO ©«>• 



9> 1 1*; e I.*; o 



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0B%^ S ^oo^flQ S4 OQ^ ^ 00^ #4 co^ ^ cCQOfZ; ^ cG^ !l^ coki ^ cfi^o:^ ^ 




s 

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a 



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f^ 


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g 




t* 


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• 


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pp 


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GO 

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4172 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINBBBS, U. S. ABUY. 





i 


E- 




H 












H 








m 


1 














t 
1 
il 


It 
















i 


a g E S 3 s 

^ i i i i i 


1 


1 i i i i i 
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s^ 


1? + + + + + 


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15 : : : : : 


- 


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t^ 


1= 


J 


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+ + + + + 


U 


1 


11111 


I 


it; 


li 




It ll « li li 


lllir+1 


i 


^1 


liliisiii 


i 

+ 


1 


7 


1 1 


i 

1 


^ 


1 




^ 
% 


il 


! 


++++++++ 


a 


mm 1 


liilil. 


11 


iJl 


r.J, 


1 


1 


m 


. : 3 g S S 3 

4 : S i § e a 


I 


'i 


f i 5 g g S 


i 
1 
1 

s 


i i i i i i 

si s ^ ;3 la M 

ri « Pi B m Pi 

H H H H H F^ 




1 
1 


> 











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9 














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i 





APPENDIX Z Z — ^BEPOBT OF MISSOUBI RIVEB COMMISSION. 4173 



i 

8 






1 



§ 



§ 



g 



S 



s 



§ 



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o 



s 



t>- 



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e«<-4 



to 


o 


lO 


o 


t» 


«D 


t- 


o 


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• 


• 


* 


• 


• 


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r- 


r- 


r- 


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t* 


+ 


+ 


+ 


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+ 


+ 


+ 


+ 


+ 


to 


00 


e» 


o 


r^ 


»H 


fH 


iH 


iH 


• 


• 


• 

:4 


si 






rH 


• 




en 


tH 


^ 


e 


O 


(0 


ca 


W 


iH 


d 


eS 


^ 


• 

ri 


• 

o 


d 


d 


• 


• 




^t^-^Cfe 



'*&'* 



eo 



1HP3 1-HlH 



dm 



com 



e<i< 



^1 




t1 




7^11 




^^d 




+ 1 




mi 




• • 
oo 

+ 1 




t1 




i1 




e- o 


-HI 


Ot» 


00 


t-aot»e« 


*>i 


en coo 


«D 


l-O 


•* 


»»rc t^t^ 


-! 


wt- 


o 


QOW 


tn 


ot- 


* 1 


do 


O 


a>S= 




INI 


7 


d-*'^ 


d 


r»ifl 


d 


3© WW 

W M ?? M 
+ + + + 


w 


Xh- 


7 


?l w 


CI 


1 1 


'•^ ! 


77 


1 


77 


? 


S^S|S 


CO 

1 


71 


7 


+ 


CO o 
1 1 


55 

1 1 


CO 

1 


?5 

1 



s 



9 



9 



K^ ^ aO>^ !4 OQ^OO^ ^ QCfZ^GO ^ ^CO ^ ^AX'A'Xi ^ 






Cfi^ S M^ J^ 



8 



s 



Si 






o 

CO 



3 



ft 

00 




S 



«2 









* 



99 

n 



o 

■ 



I' 

• 






+ 



+ 



3 

■ 



s 

• 



8 




»i 


• 


aS 


n 


H 


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• 
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• 


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+ 


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S 


8 


• 


• 


^ 


• 


n 


• 


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ft 

H 






-^•d 


i( 


sd 


s 


s^ 


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4174 R£PORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGIN££BS| U. S. AEMT. 



o 



o 

P 


a 
o 

I 















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*5 H 

ll 
•§5 

a 

o 

es 
> 



Is- 



1 


3 


9 


s 


i 


1 


§ 


688 


_• 


i 


i 


i 


_• 


■t 


1 



e 






II 



5 s 



.^ o 



es 



S .2 

Q '9 






^"5 






C O © 

<Q M 

M » 



I 

'2 






eS 

a 

.a 



o 






i 





.r- 


t- 


00 


00 


t» 


« 


» fc> 


'^ i 


J^ 




t^ 


t^ 


t^ 


fc* 


* 


& S 


J^ + 


+ 


+ 


+ 


+ 


+ + 




Mm. 
12.1 


iH 


iM 


fH 


»H 


fH 


1 . «-• 


ft^ 




e4 


5J 


d 




^ 






o 


CO 


a 


e« 


w4 


1 «-! 


1- 


d 


d 


d 


d 


d 


^» 




>3 


.•* 


"* 


lO 


eo 


« 










1^ 




• 

00 


a 


v4 








• 


&"- 


+ 


+ 


+ 


+ 


1 






Direct 
line. 




• 

7 


00* 

1 


1 


o 
d 

T 









^5 G) C> 

J^ 1 + 



oo 



• • 

+ 1 



ooioeo 

• ■ • • 

l++i 



eoeo 



rHOi 



%1 






.do 

JB r-l rl 
^ I I 



00 



t^b- 



o o 
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i" 



o 



coo 



CIO 



e<i 



CO 

I 



e<ioot«o» 



gc4coa 
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€4 



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00 00 

++ 



CQ 



00 



no 



00 00 



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CI 



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t«o 

+ + 



+ 



0) 



3 



ot}z5 ^ t^'a P; 5z5aj JSI k5'/}525w S ^oo ^ ooJei S oo^ ^ 



• eo 

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00 









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8 

00 



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Ob 



a 



S 



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m 

• 



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134 

n 
pi 

i 

e 



APFEKDOC ZZ — BEPOST OF UI8S0UBI BIVER COMMISSION. 4175 



i 


S 


1 


i 


i 


1 


i 


S 
3 


i 


i 


i 


i 


i 


i 


s 


i 


i 


s 


i 


s 






















+ 


mi 
• + 


•i 


t 


f 


t 


+ 


?- 


t 


t 






















d 


I! 


a 


i 


3 


si 


S3 


si 


s 


si 



1? 




11 


« 




tlit 


?t 


ti 


?" 


■t1 


1? 


+7 


ii 




ii 

•ft 


iii 

T ** 


i 

+ 


iiii 

++++ 




i^ 


^ ft t 


33 

++ 


f 


^ 




1 


K> 


1 


!«« 


IJJ 


1 


1 I : i 


IJJ 


1 jj 1 ij 1 


mSa 


IJJ 


1 


«» 


1 



:i 



4176 BEPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. AKHY. 



I 



i 



§1 



t 



•2 

a 

a 
o 

o 

% 

m 

8* 

Q 






ll 

a 

o 

I 



Ml 

sag 



4l 



I 



li 



3 i 



S. 



i 



o 



S 



& 



S 



CO 



!g 



3 

4 



8 



.(O 



CO 

+ 



aS 

+ 



o6 

+ 



00 



00 

t 



f^ 






si 



« 

9 



H 



I 









,5 = 11 



6'; 



o' 



I 



I 









Si 



I 



I 



^ 



^1 + 



• • 

oo 



ooooo 

■ • • • 

C»i-iO-H 

1+ + 



eici 
1 + 



fHlO(D0» 



O^ 



i1 















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i5 



a a 
5 "S 



ot- 



l1°? 



CO 



«eo 



+ + 



CO I 94(OaO» 



1-4 I QO MO'H 
0> 3 — ^ -^ 



1 



e»eo 



If 



o 



I 



o^eoo 



OOM?Of 




«or- 



8 » 
11 



eo : 



^^t 



00 ,1 

til 



I 



a 

9 

ft*- 



8 



i-a 



B C C8 ♦» 

P 






4 



8 

00 



s 
s 






l-t 



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a 
& 

e 
s 



B 

o 






^ 



s 



C9 

s 



8 

t* 



s 



r- 

m 









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CO 



C9 






;d 






f 

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O 

H 






E4 



e4 



E4 



s 






i 

i 


i 


i 

i 


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8 


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1 


1 


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i 


i 


t 


i 


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Z 


i 


i 


i 


^ 


^ 


I 


5 


5 


Jj 



1 f 1 



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11 


1 KS 


i 


i^ 

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7 


fi 


i 


ii 

ft 


i 


S3 




1 




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i, 


ii 


^ 


■as 


» CKiES 


1 


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1 


n» 


1 


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1 


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IJJ 


1 


kX 


S OT» 


1 


ro« 


1 



4178 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF EXGINEEBS, U. S. ARMT. 



o 

o 









4 



CO 



.5 





9. 








§ 


04 






Dis- 
crep- 
ancy. 


■ 






►» 


>» 












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CSV 










BO 


ill 










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trix. 


ii" 










^ 


§ 








• 






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• 


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cc 


s 




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^ 




f* 


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♦J 






■♦a 


1 ^ 


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AFPKNDIX Z Z ^REPORT OF MIS80UHI RIVER COMMISSION. 4185 














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APPENDIX Z Z — EEPOET OF MIS80DKI BIVEK COMMISBION. 4187 



p 


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4188 REPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARMY. 



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PQ 


H 


^ 



0« 

oo 






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09 

f 

o 



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S- 



P4 



ri 
a; 






APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIV^ER COMMISSION. 4189 



^ 



(xS 



06 



s 

S3 



\% 






I- 






3 



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■H 

CQ 

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t 



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r* 



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ei 



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+ 



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+ 



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+ 



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+ 



c! 

+ 



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ci 



u 



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o 



d 



+ 



1 






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T 



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do 

+ 1 



+ 1 






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7 !++ 



+ 



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11 



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n 

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s 
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ci «-! CI c5 

+ + + + 



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a 
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p; 






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4190 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARHT. 



o 

4 



55 

H 
o 
«0 






IS 

o 



a 





m 

1 


fii 






p; 






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p; 




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1 






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1 










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t 













ill 


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• 


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rectriz. 


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c 

o 

1 


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1 












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^ 




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n 




n 




ri pd 


1 




p4 




s 


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• 




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1 

1 




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si; 




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1 








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1 

1 
1 




n 




^ 






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■ 




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• 


1 

1 




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p: 

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c 

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e 
c 

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e 

c 

e 

h 

« 


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CO 




PC 


1 

1 

» 

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> 

1 

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1 




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1 




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p: 

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ft 

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APPENDIX Z Z — BEFORT OF MISSOURI BIVKU COMMIBSION. 4191 



s 


S 


5 


s 


^ 1 


p 


9 


i 


1 


i I 


3 


i 


t 


3 


i i 












-j 


s 


i 


a 


a !^ 




+ 









1 1 



*1 



1 1 ^ 



iTT|lil 


iilii 


?j|« 


i 


k!B M W=cK!^ 1 xSq 


14 


1 



_i1 t1 -? 



i : if . 

i i S^ 1 



4192 REPOHT OF TOE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. LBUY. 

g e: Ci' b a: c: (h tj 



! 1 



SS '.3 S2 



ilT 111 1 ^hpi 1 






ff 



; ii i 



8 


1 


s 


i 


§ 


I' 


h 
S^ 


n 


?5 


?; 


s 


n 




>1 


c 


«= 


!= 


e) 


n 


^ 


^ 


H 


6. 


i^ 


ti 














a 
















(d 






■< 
















+ 


1 


^ 


1 


S 


s- 


^ 


S 


si 


:^ 


IK 


s 




a 


a 


B 






d 


1^ 






h 


»^ 


ti 


h 


.•^ 




ti 



Z Z — ^BEPOBT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4193 



S 

i 



9 



3 

i 



4 



■ 



6 

00 



s 



s 

Si 



Ah 



s 



CO 

00 



P4 



S 



9 

U) 



3 



+ 



d 



i 



+ 






lA 






C4 



00 

+ 

■ 



+ 






00 
C9 



CI 



o 






o 



t 

+ 



^ 



1$ 



8 



I 



til 



+ + 



« 



nil 



+ 



1 



i1 



+ 



++ 



dd 






CI 

■ 

■n 



■ • • • 



00 

[3 



I- 



mN 



+ 1+1 1 + 



+ 



1 



++ 



• A I I'" i-^ CJ -• 
CI fS'SoS 



I i I 



QCr " n 90 

2 



•3 K 

I 



1 



PO 

I- 



I 



• ■ • 

+ + 



lA 



00 act' 
r-ci o 

»^ •■" ;3 

+ f + 



+ 



I 



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oo 

+ 1 



• ii • • 
cz : OS ci 

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3 



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a 



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m 

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g 












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p. 

a 

o 

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« 



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t- 



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a 



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m 



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4 1 94 BEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENQINEEBS, U. S. ABHT. 



•2 





I 

•« 

•I 



H 

o 
CO 



00 

v. 






O 



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\i 



4a 

a 

o 

1 






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4i 



8 



S 



s 



9 



• 

e 


CO 


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^ 


o 


o 


^ 





5 

5 



fH 






d 
s 



II 



II 



00 



+ 






+ 



+ 



0) 






la' 



CO 



CO 

to 



CO 



CO 






M 






o' 



CO 



00 

o 



.1 

4 



4 



n 



01 



P 



Si 






o 


OQ 


12 


e 


+ 


+ 


o 


CO 


^' 


CO 


tr 


tr 


1 


1 



CO 



si 

+ 



^ 






^ 1 + 



«■ 



n 






cieo 



+ 



O'd 

1 + 



04 iH 



1 + 



oo 

+ 1 



s % 



coco 

1++ 



to 

CI 



c4eo 

"17 



o 

CO 



ooo 

t^QO 



I I 






OlO 
00 00 

I I 



04 

1 



OOO 
CO CO 



no 
CO 

4- 



oeo 

• • 

^co 
coco 

•A to 



94 

C4 

I 



CJCO 

• • 



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o 



eg 






es 



feoQ 3 oaJz? % J^^CO >5 C0>!; ^ OQ^ >^ OQ^ ^ CC^^ ^ 






^ 



00 



u 






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•OCI 






s 



2$ 






o 



■ 
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t ■ 
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+ 


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lO 

CD 

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■ 



a 

o 

P 






« 

CO 

PQ 

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d 



CO 

pu 



3 

CO 

p 

f 

o 

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o 

H 



PQ 



^ 

ri 
^ 



APPENDIX ZZ — ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4195 



P4 ad 



od 



GO 



S 



s 



i 



a 

s 



+ 




+ 






3 

i 



i 



S 



!^ 



!3 



» — I 

S 



+ 



+ 



04 

+ 



CO 

4- 



CO 

1^ 



CO 



m 



e4 



04 



04 



+ 






00 

+ 



■ 

+ 



1 1 



ss 



S 
^ 



+ 






o 



COfidtJ 
I++ + 



t1 



^1 



t1 



eoeo 



00 eo 

1% 



oo 
do* 



w 



oooeoo 



is 
++ 



94 lO 



I I 



00 



$4 

I 



r** 



04 — 






i o» 



S3 

I + + 



00 !! i-eo 



+ ++ 



04 

oo 



b-r* 



+ T 



g 



9 



00 

-* 

+ 



ui 





+73.7 




• 

! 1 



C40t« 

eJcod 

+ 1 + 



CO 

+ 






I 









a 

t 



s 
t 



8 



i 



CO 



CO 



s 



§ 



i 




04 






g^^ao^ '^ tt^OD^ S 00^ !4 CQ^ S QQ^ ^ gqIz; ^ QQ^ ^ qq'^ ^ ^a];^4 S 



• 



8 

id 



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+ 

8 

• 



8 



+ 

s 

e4 



+ 






o 

r-t 
00 






« 



CO 

pi 

el 
u 

Hi 
o 

p< 

o 

H 

« 



8 


§ 


1 




S3 


i 


i 




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isi 


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^' 


::^ 


^ 


^* 


ri 


n 


n 


n 


« 


« 


n 


H* 


E^ 


H 


p^ 


H 


H 


H 



1^ 

e4 



■ ■■ 1 



4196 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 






i 



9 3 



I 



d 
o 

1 



o 



00 



o 



3 



o 



O 

WE 

>• s 

§ 

>■ 
1^ 



4) g O 

&4 






;^ 







a 



o 

0» 









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CO 



C9 






8 

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9 



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si 



s 



s 





."* 


•^ 


-* 


CQ 


fc- 


« 


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g^ 


^ 


^ 


• 


:^ 


■ 


«s 


^% 


^ 


»H 


«H 


»H 


«H 


+ + 


+ 


+ 


+ 


ft^ 










to 

m 

!3 








H 


1 O 


(O 


C9 


«-i 


w 


d 


r4 


d 


^ 


f4 




Reverse 
line. 


.00 




-* 


a> 


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.« 




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• 


CO 


M$ 


• 


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; ^ 


+ 


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+ 


43 


<D 




»H 


lA 


c« 


00 




line 








1 


1 


1 



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J^ 1 + 1 + 



• • • 



C4 



%1 



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1 + 



• • ■ • 

+ 1+1 



• • • • 

+ 1 I I 



+ 1 



m r^o CO 

lO X ITS 3J 



{5 «— t 1— ' t— • f— " -^ 



l-» 


oo 


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C^ 1-t 


<o 


t» 


cc •* 


eo 


to o» 


t^ 


1 


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+ 


I-H ^H 

77 


1 



"^tO-^f-t 


o» 


C^ tj C>J "* 


eo 


QO oo 00 30 


00 


rH rH t-l i-t 


i-t 


rH rH rH ^H 


^H 


++ + + 


+ 



® «oeo 


efl 


lOOO 


?» 


l-»-i010 




* • 

n n 

r-( t-l 




1 1 1 


1 


+ + 


+ 



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2 



p 



5^x>25a) S^ {«?Z5 ^ ^M J^ ^^'J^y^'ji ^ ^ccmJzJ 






n 

es 
<x> 






o 
eo 



CO 

o 
eo 



rH 

3 

CO 



w^ 


^ 


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o» 


a» 


tl«^ 


«3 




eo 


s 


. c o 


y 


v_r 






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00 


^^ 


1-t 


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s 




r^ 


^ 



31 

o 



1^ 



CO 

■ 



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+ 

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<1 

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% 


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^ 


1^ 


» 


PQ 


H 


H 



8 

to 



+ 
e4 



APPENDIX Z Z — EEPOET OF MISSOURI RITEE COMMISSION. 4197 



H' 



s 



% 



3' 



i 



eo 
So 



s 



^ I 






SS 






^ 



z 



I- 



ct 

CI 
CO 



^ 



o 

3 



CO 



+ 



in 






+ 



lO 






■ 

to 



<9 

to 



to 

r-t 
CO 

o 



t- 


CD 


^ 


• 


rH 


tH 


+ 


+ 


«D 


«o 


lO 


to 


•-( 


•1 



o 
o 



5_ 



f$ 



1 I 



1 



I I 



lO 

1 



i^ua 



aa^ 



++ 



l: 

+ 



09 

1 



+ 



C4 



o 

00 



1 



1 



iO 



1 



IO 

■ 

+ 






(oekoo 



Or-i 



?T 






if 



ooo 

++ 



+ 



lOOvH 



CO 

I 



■♦IO 



ei04 

i-iiH 
+ + 



OOO 

+1 



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iK in 
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lOiO 



oo 



too 

%1 




94 

74 



rill 



s 






j^oo ^ ^00 ^ ^co^ fEJ ^GQ ^ iz;co ^ cc;z; S 



a 



(»}Z5 S 




3 



3 



3 



S 



8 



a; 
t 






§ 

id 
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• 



+ 
pq 

■ 



-«1 

+ 



^ 


a 




^ 


:^ 


p 


n 


c; 


PQ 


n 


H 


H 


H 


H 


H 


■ 
• 




• 
• 
1 


■ 


• 
• 


• 




• 


CO 


• 


• 




fl 




f 


• 
• 




• 

t 


;s) 


• 
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• 




I 




■ 


• 
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I 
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• 
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• 


■ 


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I 


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t 




1 


S 


? 


o 


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o 


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p< 


• 




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k 



4198 SEPOBT OP THE CHIEF OF ENGINEEB8, U. S. ABUY. 



m 



i I 



, 



4bS 

XL 



! ii ! ii i ii S ii ! ;i I ii I 
s »!!') s »» a SEED M B» a bk a t!in M 



APPENDIX Z Z — ^BEPOBT OF MISSOUBI RITEB COMMISSION. 4197 






9 






s 



i i 



s 



s 



l: 



S 






n 



O 

3 



^ 



CO 



+ 



+ 



to 






+ 



« 









+ 



<9 



U3 



« 



+ 

O 

« 

O 



+ 



flk 


00 


e« 


C4 


^-» '• 


lO 


g£ * 


l: 


g 




g 


ai 


+ : : 


+ 


+ 


+ 


+ : : 


+ 


e9 


a 


<D 


fc- 


lA '» 


o 


^ 1 


\ 1 

1 • 


1 


1 


1 i 


• o 

: 1 



1$ 



o'c; 



?? 



«a»ao 

• • • 

+ 11 



o«-i 



^1 



I I 



7 



Si 

I I 






++ 



ooo 

its 

++ 



+ 



*00*H 



7^1 



O) 



C9 

I- 

CO 



■♦Ift 



rH r-( 
+ + 



^"1 



ft 



CO o 



lA in 

++ 






oo 
o'd 



kO«0 

i1 






+ 



m o 



I I 



w 



h-t* 






n 



c«o 



CI M 

I I 






i i i r i ; I 



s 






piua *^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^ ^^ '^ ^to^ ^ ^co ^ ^co ^ os;^ ^ (ni^ ^ cA^ ^ 





a 


s 


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s 




3 


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• 

o 
1-1 

CO 



83 



a 



s 



3 



CO 
I- 



00 



Pi 



3 



i 



14 

• 



8 



§ 

I 



■ 

* 
EH 



■ 



• 
• 
• 
• 

s 


+ 


^ 


^ 


i4 


pq 


H 


H 



+ 



1^ 












m 

H 



r« 






CD 
O 
SO 



• 

I 


» 


I 
• 


m 


• 


• 


I 


p^ 


^ 


fi< 






f^ o 


O 


• ^-t 






.S' 



« 



1^ 



■ 

■ 
3 



m 



i BEFOST OP THE CHIEF OF ENGINEEIIS, 





i 


H 


s. 


H 


H 


H 




f. 








m 


5 














1 
1. 

II 

1 




j 














i 


= a 3 S 2 E 

1 S ^ a 5 S 


i 


1 


1 1 i 1 1 i i 
i i i i i 8 5 


II 


13 1 3 3 3 3 3 


eq 


13 5 3 5" 5 3 3 


^ 


|: 5 : : : ; : 




N 


ii ■ 1 1 




+ + 


|i 


4! i f 




^ ^ 


l-i; 


lii ii i'i " n tt it 


H 




ii 


Hp 


H 


i 

7 


i|! 


i i 

+ + 


B 


^ 


V 


u 


1 : 3 


; 8 

B S » 


J IJJ 1 . 


» a a 


il 




|iii 


« 3 i i i s 


H 


II i 8 a 2 i 






i 

1 


8 




- 
= 

a 




1 


8 
: 




t 

% 







APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MlSaOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4199 



n 



a 



§ 



^ 



n 



s 



s 



8 

3 



e 



eo 



ii 



Vi 



•H 


00 


«H 


S 


^ 


n 

CO 


i 


i 


ci 



CO 



S8 



o 



k5 
+ 



+ 






+ 



00 






00 



Mi 

iH 

+ 



00 



r-t 
+ 



00 



00 



CI 



00 



c« 

r4 



eo 



CO 

o 




>eei>«oe 



+1+1++ 



• • • • 

mi 



rHd 



^1 



C4«H 

1% 



00 00 



1% 



iO-« 



CI CI 



f+ 









s 



I I I I I I 



i 



l>OOfc« 

+ + + + 



+ 



T-t-* 
+ + 



+ 



«DCO 

• • 



+ + 



«DCI 

it 
11 



11 



T 



leo'* 
|CJS_ 

I+ + 



00 

« 

lA 
CI 



eoi- 

1 1 






i 



9 



i 9 



at 



^OD 



^ ^sQ^i^flO^aQ S 93^\^ai i^ oq^i ^ oo^ ^ qq^ ^ oo^ ^ gq^ ?^ qq>^ ^ 



s 



8 



8 

o 



i 



s 



g 


2 


s 


S 


f-l 


s 




g 


1 rii^ 


00 


^ 


• 


gj 




CO 


09 


09 


CO 


CO 





3 



3 

« 



s 

m 

C4 



2 



(4 
a; 



3 

CO 

t 



P4 















3 



3 



3 



CO 

3 



c« 

3 

PQ 



n 






4200 BEPOST OF THE CHIEF OF ENQINBKBS, U. S. ABMY. 





1 


^ 


t. 


H 


H 






li 


«: 




ig-E- 


Ij 














oSi 
















& 


s„ 




































l§^ 
















'I 


f 


s 


S 


i g 


3 S 


II 




1 


^ 


5 


d ^ 


i 3 


^ 




i 


^ 


i i 


i 1 


i 


i 


^ 


i 


B 


a i 


^ a 














h 












'4 


H 




^ + 


+ + 
















iaS 


■E 


£ 


a 3 


^ 3 
















i= 


- 


d 




e 
















>' 


r 


j 


* 1 


i i 


Si 


|l 


J 


1 


i 


i 1 


i 
















<£ 


si, 


ii 


+ 


? - 


" 41 ill? 


?t ?1-;4 








= =[i- 










" 1 






K^- 


1' 


,i! 5|5 


9 B i: 


S sills 


S 


SH 


Hh 


s\ 


= = ! = 


S 


§1 




'-||- 


1 -In 


+ 




++ 


+ 1 


--IT 


f 


id 




: = 


: g 








i : : : = 






is a !a 


b; a la 


« 1 fc™ 3 H-.-,:>^ 






i:X;*« a 






s 


S 


s s 




s 


I^II 


4 


i 


1 


i n 


! S 


l-sl 


t- 


i 


g 


i g 


= i 




!5 






- 


" 


i 










1 i 


■g 


F 


)? 


5 


3 i 


B n 


s 




> 


s 


^ B 


a a 








ci 


C3 d 


d u 






E- 


— !" 


H H 


H t^ 




^ 


















■2 


B 










1 


fc 

5 


3 


s 


i ^ 


!s ^ 






S 


; 


- a 


=2 = 




S: 




n 




«S « 






f 


i- 


H 


f 






^^ 









APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4201 



s 



S3 



7l 



P4 









r 



P4 



C3 

d 

+ 



3 



3 



»n 



•A 



ii 







9 



^ 



3 



C4 

s 












+ 












o 



CI 

in 



C4 

+ 



to 

lO 

+ 



^^ 



«9 



CI 

d 



o 



^ 


•9 • 


O 






>* 


M 


CO 


CO 


si 


^ 










n 

00 


+ 


-r 




€9 


a 






CO 


i^ 


« 


i- 


f 


1 


1 






: 1 


3 

1 


=f 


1 




«as >4 oa^ae^ ^ ^°° '^ °°^ M ^oa S a>>^ r9 cc^ 1^ k^ ^ niii $3 ^x S 



« 
^ 

g 



1 



s 



CO 



t* 
ti 



s 



s 



■o 



a* 






s 



:^ 

• 
6-» 



pa 



i 






i 



§ 

■ 



■ 



3 



§ 



1^ 



CQ 
CO 






CM 





1^ 




p 


1 


1 


p 

• 


« 



p 

■ 



p 



p 



P 



8 

• 
P 



p 



4202 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARMT. 







1 


H' 


H 


n 


?■ 


H 




si- 


b 








ill 


!■ 


3 

d 
















h 


Sn 




















6 


?■• 




















s 


1^^ 












: 








Sj 




I 1 i ! § ! i § 




ll 


i 


iitnii^u 


i 


; 


1 1 i i i 1 1 i 


1 


5 


a 


g a 1 3 5 S 3 s 










la 


I^SSaasaiS 


& 




^+^' + + + + + + 








<■ 




IsSiSSS^S 








1 


*■ 






h 


^i 






U '^ i 






«i 


> 


s- 


















=^ 






^ i i 








y 


, . 


-OS oo con ~o U.S .SE n~ <= « 


s> 


1 


3ii 


|„„ „„ ^^ ^„ ^^ .^^ ^, ^^ 






















.]. 




= 1.1 


a" 


i 


1 


ll 


II? 


5 ; a 




i 8 ! 


7 1 


3§ 


! ; 
* 


! ^ ?! f 


? 


N 




: 8 


^ i 


: S 


i ! 


: a 


^: a 


^ ! 


: ? 


1 




■ofi! » «?! s »>^ a »iD a iB« a a» a «K s WW a 










1 


|ISi 








> 


- -s 


|3 s s § 1 g a B 




^ 


i 




















^1 














■^ 


§§§§§§§§ 






;aa;^aa3aa 




















: a 1 I i i a 




i 




if ^ i i i : ^ 




- 


5 S i g 5 g S 1 




la 


» » ^* a » s » ^ 








t= 


!• 


« 


- ^ 


" 




ri 


!• 


1 


S 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4203 



o 



CI 






i 



i 






o 

9 



s 



ss 



s 






s 

si 



» 
^ 



^ 


fc» 


fH 


c« 


o 


t« 


eo 


»-« 


o 


5- 


lO 
+ 


+ 


a 

+ 


+ 




+ 


+ 


+ 


c« 


m 


so 


so 


CO 


CO 


eo 


CO 


^ 


^ 




:$ 


S 






• 


CD 


^ 



CO 

c5 



$ 



i 



+ 



? 



lO 

+ 



M 



^11 






1 



M9 c« a« o 
1++ I 



I + 



1^ 



• • 
•HtH 

+ 1 



1 + 



Clrl 

a • 

09 
1 + 



■ ■ « • 

+ 1 1 + 



iifi 



■f 



I 1M 

1 



I ii 

1 Yt 



04 



'l 



t>« 



it 



04 



+ 



Ot« 



S3 



SI 

; c-iri 



QO 



8 



eorHce !>• 



oc X oc ao 
cicf efN 



+ 1 Mil 

li 



00 

+ 



CO 



do* 

+ 1 



C4 






^3 



I I 






M 



7 1 



r-id 



+ 1 



CI 



t-O 

cod 



CI 



§ !i I 



i 






X) 

-f- 






K^^OQ^ ^ "^ •'"' aofB! S cqJz? S cc;«r< J^ cc5^ S xVixJ^ r^ t»>; ?3 v^V^i S 



ss 



2 



S3 . 



s 



8 



s 



i 



s 



s 



s 



C4 

3 



i 

E-i 



S 

m 



8 

• 



8 

Pi 

■ 






II 

41 






p.eo 

o ^ 



8 


8 


8 


% 


§ 


§ 


)A 


• ^ 


^ 


• 


^ 


• 


ri 


e$ 


A 


fi^ 


p; 


n 


EJ 


^ 


^ 


EH 


H 


H 



PQ 

• 









(-1 



a 



4204 KEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENOINEEES, U. 8. AKMY. 





i 


f 




H 


H 








-< 




B 


H 


^r^ 


t 










i B 

i + 




1 

! 


ft 
















1 


§ 1 3 i SI 3 


1 


i i i § 11 I 

i i i S s s s 


1^ 


^+ + + i + + + 


« 


iS S S S si i 


• - 


15 5 3 3 - = : : 


(»' 


U 


i 






i 1 1 




U 


1 






iiii 




] 


ii 


ill It it ^in ii iiti nit 


1 


i 


iW 


If 


il 




i 

+ 


iiii 
1111 


i 


ii 

++ 


s 




5 


iss Is 




H 


ii 1 


i 1 ii 1 iiii i 


ii-s iiiiiinii 


1 

5 


ill 


. ; : i 3 3 S 1 


N 


|s a a a | | ^ 


J 
1 

s 


£ 

s 




is s 3) a 

i « s n Ii 




1 


s 




! 




i 

a 

s 
S 




i 

S 








II 
Ji 

m 


, 





r 



APPENDIX Z Z — EEPOttT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4205 



H A< 



+ 



i 

4 



s 



s 



n 



+ 



• 






^ 



+ 






3 









3 



m 



00 



in 



CI 



» 
^ 



?? 



+ 



+ 



CO 



CO 
CD 



C4 



«D 



CO 

■ 

«D 






«D 



CO 



« 



CO 




oaK S oo^ ^ "'^^ ^ QQ^ea^ >3 cc^^ ^ -xi?:; ^ irM-nvi ^ m'A % ai^i ^ 



3 



J3 



s 

• 



i 



s 

CO 



o 

3 



■ 



CO 
o 

CO 



s s 



s 






U) 



n 

8 

P4 









• 






C9 



eq 
e4 



* 



8 



•A 


•H 
r-t 


§ 


» 


i:^ 


• 


n 


n 


n 


A4 


• 


■ 



f-i 

<D 


o 


1 




1^ 


^ 


• 


ri 


p; 


• 


• 


• 



oo 



s 


>i 


n 


n 


* 


• 


• 
• 

• 
• 


• 
• 
• 
• 
• 


• 


• 


( 


t 


• 


• 


• 
• 


S« 


• 
• 


1 


oo 


i 


• 


^ 


n 


n 


H 


P4 



" !■ 



4206 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARBiY. 



>1 



o 



f^ 



P4 



P^ 






sii 



I 



■2 





§ 

00 

■S 



H 

3 






.2 
o 



3 



o 

»-? . 

CO 5 
o *" 

•3 

I 



ill 
(2" 



I 



S 



co 



C4 
CD 



00 



CO 



I 



58 



S 
S 



00 



s 



^ 



^' 



It 



4*^' 

H 









C4 

CD 



CD 



+ 



+ 



ft^ 



is 






-40 












Si 



o 



CD 
O 



ft 



1. 
1^ 



I 



I 



s 

■f- 



00 

+ 



3 

+ 



+ 



! 



CO 



! 



i 



f 






^+1 



e*<D 



e4MC4e4 

+ 1 + 1 



« .2 
Q ® 



• • 

SCO ^^ 
0000 — 

+ + 



o 


t-^ 


O 


• 


• • 


■ 


s 


?1»H 


C4 


I0 4f5 


« 


00 

r-i" 


11 


00 


+ 







• • • • 

e^ooeor* 

1— ( ^^ <-4 -^ 

++++ 



H 



la- 



Coo 



ft 




cols?; ^ ^tn )^ 5?5cc5z;!» ;3 $«;:« ^ 'A'n ^ aj;z5 ^ aj^ i^ 



^ 






XT' 

CO 
CO 



eo 

CO 



5S 



CO 



o 

CO 



8 



o 



O 




o 

.a 



0) 

p 



00 

3 



s 

■ 



PQ 
H 



1^ 
PQ 









1^ 



a 



1^ 

p4 

®ll 



8 

■ 

PP 

H 



pq 



to 

o 

CD 






P4 

« 



p^ 

f 

txco 

« 



APP£in>IX Z Z — EEPORT OF MI8S0UKI RIVER COMMISSION. 4207 



ai 



S3 



3 






+ 



t i 



^ 



+ 



s 






s 



Si 



^ 



+ 



CI 

■ 

+ 



O 
«$ 



o 

«{ 



00 



i 

8 



1 


00 

1 




i 


00 


«D 


o 


o 



+ 



f6 



+ 



r-l 
+ 






C4 

O 



o 



00 



*f 






^ 


lO 


lO • 


' lO 


a» 


■^ 


s£ 


• 

S2 


s' 


g 


s 


s 


+ 


+ 


+ I : 


: + 


+ 


+ 


o 


o' 


o ' I 


o 


09 


00 


^ 


'1 


• • 

1 


1 


1 


! 



i1 t11^ 



1t 



oo 



oo 



. I 1 ■ • • ■ 



OiO 



O I 0000 

+ + 



00 



00 00 



s 

+ 






oeo o 3 

• • • • 

... 

00 ! OC r- ^ 00 



oo 



t1 



dcf 



a I oS *: o 



! -1-4 -f \- 



00 



00 

o 



■f- 



l>t- 



07> 



I I 



o 



so 



I 1++ 



00 I oo 

. ll . . 

O I M^ 

O I lOiO 



I I 



3 



9 



0^^ j od^ooSQ !^ oo^ ^ QQ^ ^ cr. 



3' 



§ 



3 



o 

Si 



9 

01 






s 



9 

U3 



eo 

o 

s 

eo 



eo 

o 



o 
o 



CO 



jr 



lA 

•a ! 

1 



i 



S 



s 

• 



S 

ill 



§ 

'A. 



! 



• 






! 






s 

H 



II 

ss 



1^ 

■ 






O II 






^^ 



S 
o 









lA 






00 

o 






4208 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OP EHGINEEBa, U. 8. AKHY. 







1 


(■ 






ni a 


t 




a; p 


a 








m 


s 










s 
















































?n 










































i 


if: 












1 








K-= 






















i 


9 


1 1 


3 


? 


i t 


3 




il 




S 


S 1 


1 


1 


1 1 


g 


s 


S 


a 


1 i 


1 


1 


i 1 




u 


1 


a 


s 


d t 


9 


i 


a ! 


9 


I 




il 












51 


t s s • 

+ + + H 


a S S 
+ + qi 


















i 


« 


is 


^ ! 






S E 


^ 
















1 


*■ 


i" 


d e 






d « 


d 




? 














« 


t>: 


a 


H 




1 i i 


i 


















1" 




5= 


*! 




g 


1 




i 






















1 


ill 


^1? 


n • 


1 =.1 - 


T n ^ 


1 i1 














- "11 = 




. 1 = 1]-,- »'V 




"1 


t 




J 




Si 


3§ 3iC 


tsS 


' '^ 


^ ^ !! !i^ 


i 3-1"= 


- 






















s 


S i 








■^n 


' h| 


1 II 


II 




? 


u 




i 1 


; i g 


■ § 


; S 


: i ii 1 


j 1 


■: ! 


!- 


— 5" 


>- 


Km a 


toia 3 » 


?_?_._" 


" ^..^ 


3i ?3 k)^ :a V 
































V 


Ufl 


4i 


i 


1 


§ 


i 


s 


M 


Sa 


a f 


3 


^ 


S 8 


i 


5 


s 1 


^ 












•3 


i 














S 


i 


g 


1 1 


S 


J 


i i 


3 






;g 


ii ; 


s 


5 


a s 


a 














m c 






s 


H 


H £■ 


E- 




H t 


f- 








i 






: 5 


fc! 




5 




! 






> 

II " 


^ 




1 


§ 




S 


F 


s 


\ ?■ 
























=^ 
















t- 








E- 


t 











AFFEin>IX Z Z — BGFOBT OF MISSOURI BIVEU COUMraSION. 4209 



M 


i 


t 


i 


g 


« 


1 


1 


1 


i 


i 


1 


_ 


-« 


- 




« 


e 


? 


+ 


+ 


+ 


5f 


+ 








^ 


= 




a 


s 


: 


s 



1 1 f 



t;* 


?1 




ii 




1* 


t1 


*1 




ii 

1-; 


3?^ 


i 


ii 


i 

.4 


1 1 


ijS 


ilii. 


i 

+ 


Ii 


IJJ 


1 


oii^ 


1 


Jj^ 


IJJ 


IJJ 


1 



.ilia IS 



4210 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF F.NOINEEBH, U. S- ABMT. 



DCSCBIPTIOSS A 



All elevations are given in both inetera and feet, and refer to St. Lonis City Dir 
Irixuzeio. Tbe eltsTatioii of tbia above liiluTi sea level in 412. 731 feet. 

A P. B. M. is a preoiae bench mark tbat ia tvt to be practicnllj pertiiaticDt. 

A T. B. M. J8 tt precise bench mark, generally of not as pennanent a natnre aa a tf 
B. M. 

All P. B. Mi, eioepting 385, which is a croaa cut on atone doorsiU, are (1) top otttaptH 
bolts aet in the regntatiou ''B. M. atone,'' IS inches by I8 Inches by 4 inch«a, Si nL 
ondergTODnd, over and concentric with which laaet an iron pipe i (eetloni;, provitlfl 
with a flange at the bottnm lOlnoI.ea in onter iliometer, and cnp at top teniiiniitlDgl 
a rounded knob, which la alao taken as n P.B.M.: or (2) top of copper bolt sot v«rfl 
cally in tbe masonry of at mot urea or of natnrivl leitgea, nonil; tliiah with tli« anrfkc 
or (3) the center of copper bolt* thrce-eighiha inch in diumoter. leuled horieoiilJi' 
in the masonry of atrunturea or of tiutnial ledge about one-elglitk inch deeper tfafl 
tbe surface of rook. In cuae 1 th« top BtiTGloe of flnt atone is mnrkcd "B. Bl.'', aM 
tbe cap autmouo ting pipe fs molded with tbe inscription ''Uiaaouri lUver CoinmH 
Bion." In oaeea 2 and 3 there is no mark eicopting the bolt, But Bsveu T. B. \l» a 
deacribed, one a cross on a bridge arat, one a ringbolt, and five on trees — tin 
spikcB ftnd three iiaila— all more or less blaned. 

The value of the meter used is 3.2H086P3 feet. 



Knmber. 


DeacilptlBii. 


BleTAlloa. 1 


Motent. 


TM 




lal.MtfeeteaatofUiB Doited ^iBlaa boat vard above St. 

ssi-.Si.-'.cs' "- "■• ""' '"*■ "'• • 

Il about 11 mtl« lOath from tbe depot at Anaaonla, An- 
drtxr County. Mo. i l.OBO feet nortbirird fnm BrldKaT, 
aedtloa U; 3.-WS fret eontb of mllepwil M, and u'f«l 
eaat of tbe Kanaoa City. SI. Jaa«ph and Cgnucll BluOb 


I23.§eae 

128, WSl 

iw,iMa 


KM. 

to. 




la abont H mllea xruth of tbe depot at Amuonla. 43S feet 

briitge orer Ullion Creek, and 32« feet Mat oaMurea 
along public load frooi the Kasaaa City. St. Joaiiph and 
Connci^ BlnlTa Uwy. Uaok, being coppu- bolt in's. IL 
•tone. 


a 

an. 




I) l.nv (tetweatof ibe depot at AnaceBla. U ttelnnrth 

from the Kinaaa City. Si. Joseph and Connnil Blnlfs 
Kirv. track, and 10 fert wnat of lie weat fenca of pnbKo 


pI^,m.SL='v... 


■al City. at.Joaeph and Umueil Bluflb Itny. (r"«k. 15t 
feat aonlbeut of^Lowll Payne'i. dwelling, and U feet 
Boulh of an 18.lT,tl. .ug«-«,.pto ttel; being «n.e> batt 

0«rP.B.M^m 


P.B,M.IM = V- 
TopoTenp 




la about ona-thlrd mllo weat of depot at Nodaway, Andrew 
County. Mo.. In top of ooninK f.,m.ii.B the l.rtA-e eeae «t 
theaoutliwatieoiaerof tieKBii«(i-C'IH, Si. .i^^i^yh iLi,i 
CoancilKluB'altWT. bridge HTvi : i ^ 
ftele»Blofthob«f.1at.und,.i . 
bridge; being lop ofEujipHTi..... 

la about 21 Dill* wait of the n. : . 
Elver, in HeJl Coualy. U.i., ... 

ItiactionlT. 102f»tDiirthor thp Knusna • ilv. M. J,.>.'pli 
and CeoBiil BlnlTe Kwy. tra.:!,, ou ■ uuilU k^U aboui 10 


127. Mse 

133. »I0 

IV. nu 

ISO. MM 

i:u.«S4* 
man 


IM 

tab 


la abODt H mllea eaalaf the depot at Forbea, Holt Ooonty, 
Mo., SWIMt eaat of U.Sipea^ dwelling ilSfpel noTlb at 
Sanua (.itr. SL JoMiph and Coiuk^ Bluffs Kwy. track. 
H.d la Ibet^in tb of wagon Toad -. bdng copper ifolt h. R. 
U. Btone. 


ti I,42t feet weat from il^M al Forbwi, and «& teat ndrib of 
Ihe Eanaaa City. 61. Joinxh and Council Blalb Uwy. trMik; 


2L 



APPFSDIX Z Z — RKrOBT OF M1S801TRI RrVRB COMMISBION. 4211 
Detcriplioni and tleratUini e/ prioi)* Imtl bencti aarkt, dc. — 0uutinu«il. 



■ .'.I by B. 



Tnnarrn 

P.ll,M.»uft=¥.-- 

Tnpof e*n 

T.U-U *il 

r. ll.M.3tLl = V... 

Toiiftf n«n. 

P.6.M.3W 

r. B u.im 

iM«r Bit....,.., 
l-.B.H.tli>l 

Tmi rf era 

F.g.ll.SOT 



V%.ll 



.hflf tbaHiland oT (ha siding ■lOartum. 
lutnf Un. Cvml*' bunne, !!■'• fwt north of 
vT.Et.JMApbitiutCounBlllUulbRttjr.lrKk, 
■■.abovaihslnvalof tlitniiul^ iHloscDiipitr 



A ot PerMt CItr. Halt C 
i.l,anrMHI Cr»ki Ix-lt 
"irnoroftliaHKith bridsa 



■i.r.ot rt Sanlar, UiKi Coiiniy. Mo„ 

' :< i>".JbliMkertI>eI3.anilU..auilUi* 

,LN, .-.I. ,>i,...<]ih and Cniin.-U rtliiffii Kwy.'n 

rllBlufliiHwy.Iricki liBliigsvptHirlMltiall.H. 






if die ritllmv niUa lank > baiiiic 
i-uhnvi bull In B.M. atone. 

, Ovirl'. a M.3M 

nnrth of the depot al BiKalow, opponlW a fltirve 

oDin>d nnrUKracdiVoiild pua Uinin^U Ui»ll. 
- • •• ■" Jmapb H>il 



. laibont llnilleiiwitliorUiaclepot. 
••■Iih snd Cc 






ipTorof tt]B Kan- 

... Kvf y. brldtfe over 

Ultcb," t.Ureet ftum theiDDtb Uca of tlie 

il I (ii^rMteflslaf tbabedpialaBDiIertbuinullDca 
1 1 I'plnj; top. of floppar bolt leaded Tertlcanj Ju 

i-i I- Iiuf tliedipotatCrRlE, 153 feet lOiitU af a 

-.. . -. .-:.l iiireateaiitortbeKanBuUtj.St. 
■iir^t Itvy.tCBoki boing copper bolt 

iri nf rirpnt >t Crala.in the i»rd- 
'.'■ -^LJowpbiimiCmin- 

i'irM>k,>imi n.ia fnt 

"iMU baloK top of CDf- 

■ ■ ■ lirningiHoltConilty, 

■ r.. I , i,.s,ing.rt fcctxiuth- 

wl vast of the Kuiuh ','liy, Fit .lotaih and Counoll 
^.Iruki beluemplwi MiltlDl).V.aIaDe. 



4212 REPORT OP THE CHIEF OP ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 
Descriptions and elevations of precise level bench marks, etc. — Continned. 



Number. 



P.B.M.812. 

P.B.H.813. 

Top of cap.. 
P. B. M. 314 

Itopof cap.. 
P.B.M.315. 



P. B. If. 818. 



Top of cap.. 
P.B.H.317. 



Topofonp 

P.B.H.3ia=i§» 

Top of cap 

P.6.M.3f9 



Top of c« 



Top or cap 

P.B.M,320=>S« 



Top of cap. 
P.B.li.321 



Top of cap. 
P.B.M.322 



Top of cap.. 
P.B.M. 323. 



P.B.H. 824. 
Top of cai 



Top or cap. . . 
P.B.M.325=» 



=4*. 



Top of cap. 



DesoriptioB. 



Is Ib ConiiBg,450 feet north of the depot, in water table 
nader sontn window in west wall of Danker Broii.* one- 
storj brick building on east side of East street; being top 
of copper bolt leaded rerticallj in stone. 

Is about ^ miles north of depot at Coming, 525 feet north 
of milepost 121 and 46 feet east of the Kansas City, St. 
Joseph and Council Bluffs Bwy. track; being copper bolt 
in B. li. stone. 

OrerP. B.M.818 

Is at Niahnabotna, Atchison County. Ma, in the northwest 
comer of SL E. Christian's oroharo, 810 feet south of the 
depot and 62 feet east of tiie Kansas City, St. Joseph and 
Council BIufliiRwy. track; being bolt copper InB. 11. stone. 

Orer P. B. H. 314 

Is li miles north of depot at Nishnabotna, in top of pedes- 
tal block forming tne bridge seat, under the northeast 
inclined end postof the Kansas City. St. Joseph and Coun- 
cil Bluffs Rwy. bridge OTsr Nishnabotna River, 0.66 feet 
south of the north face of the pedestal, and 0.56footfrom the 
west face of the stone, being top of a copper bolt leaded 
Tertically in stone, ana projecting 0.02 feet aboYe the sur- 
face of the stone. 

Is about 2 miles south of depot at Langdon, Atchison 
County, lie, 525 feet north of mile post 127, adjacent to 
iMid of I^vderick Meyerkorth and 46 feet east of the Kan- 
sas City. St. Joseph and Council Blulb Rwy. track ; being 
copper bolt in B.^ stone. 

OTcr P. B. li. 316 

Is 2 miles south of depot at Phelps, Atchison County, Mo., 
8,120 feet south of a road crossing 2,R6l feet north of rail- 
way bridge No. 8, section 26, and 46 feet east of the Kan- 
sas City.^t. Joseph and Council Bluffs Rwy. track; be- 
ing copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M.317 

Is at Phelps, in the northeast comer of the Meth'tdist churoli- 
yard and 83 leet firom the northeast comer of the church ; 
Detng copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M.318 

Is 2i miles south of the depot at Watson. Atchison County, 
Mo., 102 feet south of the south end of a farm gate. 233 feet 
southwest of a dwelling, and 43 feet east of the Kansas 
City, St Joseph and Council Bluff Rwy. track; being 
copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

(>TerP.B.M.S19 

Is i-mile west ot Watson, in the southwest comer of barn- 
yard on the estate of Hay's heirs and 27 feet north of the 
northeast comer of the son t heast quarter of section 4, T. 65 
N., R. 42 W. ; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M.320 

Is 722 feet south of the depot at WatAon, 39 feet south of a 

Snblic road crossing, and 47 feet east of Kansas City, 
t Joseph and Council Bluff Rwy. track; being copper 
bolt in U. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M..?21 

Is about 21 miles north of the depot at Watson, abunt 656 
feet nortn of Joseph Kometsor's house, 92 feet south of a 
Jog in the oast rignt-of-way fence, and 34 feet east of the 
KHUsas City, St. Joseph and Council Bluff Rwy .track ; be- 
in^ copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M.322 

Is about ]| miles south of the depot at Hamburg, Iowa, in 
the pedestal block forming the bridge seat at the weat 
end of the south pier of the Kansas uity, St. Joseph and 
Council Bluffs Kwy. bridge over the Kishnabotaia RiTer 
in Atchison County, Mo., and 0.67 feet south of the south 
edge of the bedplate under the inclined end post, and 10 
feet west of the track center; being copper oolt leaded 
vertically in stone. 

Is 1,998 feet north of the depot at Hamburg, and 43 feet east 
of the Kansas City, St. Joseph and Council Blufb Rwy. 
track ; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P. B. M. 324 

Is about 3} miles north of Hambnrg, in the southeast comer 
of W. H. Frake's dooryard, 46 feet southeast of the south- 
east comer of Frake's dwelling, and 52 feet southwest of 
the southwest eomer of a schoolbouse, and about 328 feet 
weat of the Kansas City, St. Joseph and Couacil Bluffs 
Rwy. track -, being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OTarP.B.M.325 



Elevation 



Meters. 



140.8393 



140.5699 



141.7913 
140. 1671 



141.3924 
143.4030 



4( 



4( 



4> 

4 



4 
4 



143. 1705 



144.3966 
148.7482 



144.9750 
144.6591 



145.8820 
145.3118 



146.5395 
147.4372 



148.6691 
146.7837 



148.0068 
149.0329 



160.2595 
151.0826 



41 



47 

47 



47 

4' 



4: 

4: 



4 
4 



4 

4 



4 

4 



4 
4 



149.4671 



160.0951 
150.2357 



4 
4 



151.4518 



APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4213 
IkKripiUm% and elevaUons of precise level hench marks, etc, — Continuod. 



AVhilMr. 



Pnx. m. 



I»«fcM» 

*^'*M. 327 



p*ll^ 



«*388< 



ht'Si 



Ite 



M.33(b=^i*... 



IVs, 



M.331 



BiXfa- 



^AtSf 



&.1'»=ii 



n-ffi 



"ii-a- 



hVSi 



Description. 






'^iC^ 



li about 1} rniles sontb of depot at Nebraska City Junction, 
Fremont County, Iowa. 384 feet west of hoiiRO occupied 
by Jobnaon Glb«on,35 feet noxtb of tbe north end of a 
farm gate, and4CfiBeteaatof the Kaniias City, St. Jonophand 
Council Bluflk Kwy. track ; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OT«rP.B.]f. 826.... .•. 

Is 3,884 feet north of the depot at Nebraska City Junction 
and 45 feet east of the Kansas City, St. Joseph and Coun- 
cil Bluffs Rwy. track, on a sand knoll ; being copper bolt 
in B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M. 327 

la about 3 miles south of depot at Peroiral, Fremont County, 
Iowa. 18 feet north of a farm gate, 627 foot north of a road 
croesiug, and 45 feet east of the Kansas City, St. Jose]>h and 
Cooncil Blufla Swy. track; being copper bolt in B.M. 
stone. 

Over P. B. If. 828 

la 784 feet north of the center of the depot nt Percival and 
46 feet east of Kansas City, St. Joseph and Council Bluffs 
Bwy. track; being copper bolt iu B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.lf.329 

la about U miles southwest of depot at McPaul, lYcmont 
County, Iowa, 650 feet north and 26 feet went of the south- 
east comer of the southwest quarter of bpc. 5, T.69N., 
S.42 W.,on land of Williaro Woods, and is 3 feet west of 
a hedge on weat side of public road ; being copper bolt in 
B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M.330 

la 4,941 feet north of McPaul Depot, 46 feet south of center 
of a public road, 13 feet south or a fence corner, and 48 i'eot 
east of the JCansas City, St« Joseph and Council Blufi's 
Kwy. track; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M.331 

Is 6, 532 feet south oi the depot atBartlett, Fremont County, 
Iowa, 1,214 feet south of L. M. Gannon's house, 82 feet east 
of center of public road and 45 feet west of the Kansas 
Qity, St- Joseph and Council Blnflis Kwy. txack ; being cop- 
per bolt In B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M.332 

Is in Mills County, Iowa, 6,480 feet north of the depot at 
Bartlett,and 46leet east of the KnuHas City. St Joseph 
and Council Bluflis Kwy. track; being copper bolt in B. M. 
stone. 

OTerP.B.H.333 

Is about 2| miles south of Haynies Siding, Mills County, 
Iowa, on east side of a public road, on land of Bruce Cm- 
lier, about 084 feet south of Thomas Collier's house, and 
1,0M feet west of the Kansas City, St. Joseph and Council 
Bluffs Rwy. track; being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P.B.H. 334 

la at Haynies Siding, 174 feet northwest of the south head 
block, 43 feet soutn of a fence comer of west rich t of way 
fence, and 46 feet west of the Kausas Ciiy, St. Joseph and 
Council Bluffk Kwy. track ; being copper bolt in B. M. 
atone. 

arerP.B.M.335 

la about 1# miles southwest of Pacific Junction. ^lills 
County. Iowa, on land owned by Charles Kroon, 32 feet 
east and 51 feet south of the northwest comer of the north- 
east quarter of the northeast quarter of sec. 32, T. 72 K., 
EL 42 W. : beine copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M.336'. , 

la 4,455 feet north of the railway crossing at Pacific Junc- 
tion, 1,151 feet south of the railway bndire over tbe old 
channel of Keg Creek, and 43 feet east of tne Kansas City, 
St Josenh ana Council Blufb Kwy. track; being copper 
bolt in fi. M. stone. 

OyerP.B.M.837 

la about 2| miles south of Hentons Depot, Mills Countr, 
lowa^n section line between sec. 5 and 8, T. 72 N., 
K. 48 w ., 308 feet east of the quarter-section c-omer. and 46 
feet east of the Kansas City, St Joseph and Council Bluffs 
Kwy. track ; land on the east side belongs to J. Martin ; 
being copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M.338 

la at Hentons Station, in the northeast comer of James 
Meisner's dooryard, 8 feet fhvm each fence and 259 feet 
northeaat of the depot: baing copper bolt in B. M. stone. 

OTirP.S.M.839 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



153.3919 



154.6181 
154.5486 



15r». 7749 
154.7026 



155. 9285 
150. 5451 



157. 7729 
158. 1239 



150.3404 
159. 8079 



161.0310 
160.2409 



161. 4047 
161. 2388 



1G2. 4633 
162. 1521 



163. 3732 
163. 1160 



164. 3390 
163. 6743 



164.8091 
165. 3122 



166.5344 
166.2629 



167.4903 
167. 5524 



Feet 



503.259 



507.282 
507.054 



511.077 
507.559 



511.581 
513.604 



517. 632 
518. 784 



522.775 
524.309 



528.325 
525.729 



529. 745 
529.003 



633.021 
532.000 



536.006 
535.162 



539. 175 
536.994 



541.012 
542. 308 



546.378 
545.487 



640. 514 
549.718 



168.7746] 553.727 



^^P 4214 KEPOHT OF THK CHIEr OF ENOIXEEttS, U. 6. AHMT, ^M 

^^H DeatriplionK and elatatiOHt of iircHit laetl beiieh markt, c(f.— Cootiniwil. ^H 


^^M 




Elsntiqn. ^H 


Mot^. 


FMt. 


^^1 P.B.lt.3M 


I* kbdot 9( mllea norUi af dopat at Bffiilnn*, T41 r«c^t annlh 
or briilua Kd. 11. uiuIiDn Kn. »B, 4ZT Peet WHt of Hnns 
SrbroeJir't hoUM. nod 43 fwl «iial of tbo Knu™ City. 
Sl.J.xr^pb init Cniioell BIuITd Kwf.tntcki bolpg c«pj>er 

n»nrl'.''ll,M.,>1o"''. S 

li 1.148 TH't ^niith (If dupot *t I>ti>iid Park, PotUvUt*nilB 
Cuiiutr. loK>. 164 n>rC HoiiIJi uf »|mi>lla rou] onnalliK, knd 
40 font eMt"i- tb« li=n™ Ult.y, St. JmjBh nd OoubbU 
Hii-tlB R»^-. track; boing o.^pif bolt In rf-M-.tooB. 


IW.W78 

170. awa 
m.ma 

ISSSS 

171, W7a 

IT}, sen 

1«.5«M 
Wl-SSM 

171 WTO 

174. MM 

172.J11BS 

tia.DTon 

17li.U40ll 

IJUTliM 
177. WMS 


6Se.B»' 
6«a.BM 

tBs.an 

En. MS' 

o>7.m 

S«0.(ISt 

mm 

vn.m 

«1.tH 

ss 

as 


^H r.ku.iii 


^H pTij"^ :::::::: 


i«.dc;"iibt>irBl"Hsrt,-pot.t.Cm™cirWiilft,£sf»t.iWh 
or nillwuv bri<It'«»vi-r Musqaiui Creek, and t» bot MWtof 

b«inB conper l«lt in B.M.Jtoue. 


^H yXmsli 

^^H Cll; n. M., HmaTin . 

^^B KB.M.m. 

^^m F.S.H.US 


la Bt Council li!aab,lnIbaBl«iedcuniUDr the Chicaso, 

cut side of door fruiw and aiune troa tttrnt hMorilil, 
unaUtSfHtfrnintboimathweiK mrnw of tlm tmUdtcg , 

1. .1 tEa"oiIllS!iilToniir'of thoIjJ^tolHM'bn'ldi'Dl *l Hf 
(unnlfa uul Uudes ulnwla: beinctop of aniBll pnileollon 
11. Wp soril™ oFthe third oourw of stone »bov» tile .ide- 

Ib hi Umalra, on the oppn Barface of tho wattr table of llie 
poai^fflBB buUdbiB.a.mBr of Fifieenib and DodBealreBta, 
and S.7I fwl eastorths »oiiU.wB.t oom« of tbeTtoUainJi 
Ik'Ide top of a copper bolt leadrd vertically In atoDe. 

fint iron poat on north iride and waat of Iho w"t"mwl 
plera at Uie neat end of the Omalia and OciubgD BlolTa 
wBEon lirldpi balng lop of ooppar bolt leaded wtloally 

Is at riniiibs, 59 foet aoath of the aontU oyllndrloal plur ueit 
to the rlrar, 13T (ttt eoutheast of tbe Boulh oylljidriHl 
nier next lo thv upproiuib abnuneut at ire«l end of the 
tlBlon Paclflo K«y. BriduB over the MlBaoorl River and 
m feet SBBt of the mat awilub track of tbe VnrlinKton and 


^^H l'.Jl,U.8IM- 

^^M F.B.M,«T 

^^B P.B.U.1U=H'- 


la ni-iir Omaha. 8.116 feat eiat of tlie eaat lurtfll of' the tJniou 
IVitlo nwy. nudes over tha Itiauturi Blver. nldwar 
l«l*Mntl.etinilracli.oftbotJnlMnP»HTlaoKirj.i being 
aoroBaoutontopofaMoDoroBE. ' " 

U lb the Cunnell Bltjffii ITjiion Itennt, In windov alD of the 

O.atI feut from the uat jAinb aud 0.9.1 fM t Ihim the five of 
tha Bill ; being top of a enppor bolt loaded Tortteilly In 

la in Council moUk In tha Bontbwsat Domer of the Mnrt- 
hanae var.i.» feet from the weat Dniea aud 3 feet fWm tha 

ors.' ».»»».':•".'".'■ >■■.■.":»■ 


^^m F.B,U.Wtl=>|*- 


Ib at Council UluOh, IflT fwl nbOTo the upper end of Iha 
WBJB of Iha United SUiM boat yat4, 112 ft»i. ftom the 
rinr bank and S Ibat from Uia narthwHt eora.T of th< 




I. alAut t ndlaB aboTO Coimcil BloffB, 03 feet aonlli -t the 
Boulh end of bridge Ho. loes. 404 foet north uI ].Lni:uoBl 




^B Z.ku.M 


IIS7 foot norlb of the south eudbfliridgBya.lNa.aiHl li 
fa»t »at of the Chicago u,d Norlbw«^ Biry tr^, 
Wngoo™rboitlnK^M.aton«. ' 




K<r;. tnuV and ia in aamail park behm Ring to Uia rail- 


^H p.ii.u.u3 


'■£".'c'!.ssr;'„",'£'r.'„»,tta?.a 

rallTij brirtgeXa.lCKIT. I.IUreet Bouth of mllBpuil 13; 
aud 49 faet eaal of Ih* CUoyp. and NorthweBlan. Siry. 
tnokibalngooiipabDUIndllLafainB. ' 











APPESDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF SnaSOPBI lUVEB COMMISSIOW. 
^_ IHturiptitnit and eleratioM nf prtoUe l«iiel bench marht, itCe.— ConUnued. 


4216 


i .... 


DeaonpUoB. 


Elera 


LIou. 


Meto.. 


?est 






180, MM 

1TI)!'|»8S 

m.BTM 

I7g.81H7 
181.0726 

)ao,B31S 

m'.i'm 

183:329; 

ias.ea«7 
isriooii 


U«.3U 
MfLVX 

es2.eu 

6»B.«29 

5W.3WI 
fiK.117 

GtU.133 

6!12.M8 

HICSM 

OM.Wl 

6^7. 7M 

Kn.rn 
m.m 

m.m 

B12.TV3 

v».m 

SIS. MS 

003. lU 

SllLIH 


P KM S» 


la near Hc.noj- Crmk depot. In the »eat end of the •oiiih 
brJdCT F'-o) or Tl,- pl,.r -MMtr hrlilE" N0.IW8 ovw llunej 
(;f«.:k :.I.<I l/fil v.,-,l„r lll.p.m,lt, .■.„l,.fihBinHtglrdmi 

I-"" ■ ■ ■ 1" ■■ t5o feet •..ulb of 

jr^^ ■ ■ .^ ^^ ; ^j.'.i. of r«i.i«iid" 

rjn[,.,i.i_i .. 1, ,,,, .i;i.... M =..'^.i ■ ..il'.i.HarriaonCooBly, 
luif 11, .'ui> liwl tui.Ib nf ih.i ai.nlli eod of raUwaT brldm 
No tnd. IHi (set •onlh s( mltepoat 30, and M (eal eaat of 


p B.it.a». 


Is in tli...M»l Valto)', at the nortbweil oomer of Second 

and KilcitreeW! being i»nl«r of Dopiier bait leedeil burl- 

a.mU!Wmiatb*s0ulbeast<!UciHrofEHder'sbilUsnlhall. 

It 1. Ii >..<-hes *aat of the eaat (iu» ef the building and 

1 Kl fM.t abOTO th* aldBwalk. 
Is atiiul 3 lailcs wast of Mlasonri Vklley, 386 feet eaat of 

the ^«»t ,.od of raUwaj Ijridge No. 4. Mflfoet weslof mile. 

B«*t!i. «id«7 feet north of Sioui City and PaoifloEwy. 

Inu'k; briu^ooppecboltluB.U.atoDe. 


f:!*^.*^^;-,,:. 


IbTM fc-l M.tof the depot at Califbmla Jnnotlou. Harrt- 
■oui:uuDlv.l<>wa,btbeDurUiwestaarnerotA.W.Sniitb'B 
»rct<>u<l D feet frum eH;h fcoee, and MI Irai aoath of tbe 
Sioiii Cily and Poolflo Kwy. track ; belnj; oopper bolt in 


i-.fi.M. aSi 

»«-£;:::::. 

Top of sap . 

1- fi-M. 3<J 


Is uboat I) mllna nortb of California Janotian depot, TO feet 
(tjnlli CI i ])iiblia josd oraBiing. and 1( feet eaat of the 
SinniClryasdPacMoSwj.traok; being ooppei bolt in 


UI-rnDute soutb of ModaK Barrison Cannti, laura, 19& 
fi>e( ijiirMi of lallwBS brides "So. 10. and 40 Ret east of 
Sioui Cfly and Paclfle Ewy. track ; teing ogpperbQltiu 


I. Bboul 1 inilo north of Modalo, S,MO feet north of mile- 
pD-T ILvUlHCBoatbDrbigbnaycivsiine. aud to feet eaat 
ofSioii, Ciij and PaoiHoIlwy-traoki being oopper boll 


»n!.(prdie weatriBhtof-way fenua. and M feet wsalof 
ih- --^iMuiCiCianfPadHoRwy.tranik; being ooppoi bolt 


p.-'tK.'nSi: :::::: 

P.B.M-JM 

J^^-ISe:::::;: 


Is m M<'u.l.LiDlD,UBr»MeaBtafUieS[DniClty and Paclllo 
Ki-y. track ; brina eenleraf copper bolt leaded hortaon. 

nrlnkk t^ailOiDE ocennifld by D. Ganst ti. Co. and U.TI 
U-^i lr.,a, tiie weat vail uf building. 

eii,'"ll'r S™ "(fi'tj an'dP^flo Kwy. ttS^ki bdngoop^ 


It atioDl ^ miles noitfa of Mondamtn, 346 feet north of pnl^ 
lie ™..l .■.T,.m\uf, SW (oet north of dweUing of JoBeph 
]CrnmLNC.(,*Bd lOS feotffliBt of BiouxCltj and Pacific Rvrj 
tr(»n, aiiJ is in OBmor of Meldi being copper bolt in B.H 

Ii ^ib"ut ;'i miioa ■onthorRlTer ^oot depot, Harrison 
0...„iv, I.iwa. a,66afeotnortJiofn.lU]™t do.and61fhet 
e».i ..( .>i'mi C\ty and PaeiSc Swj.tracki being eopper 


?X'S''&=4;: 


U\:t.r*> l-..\ flouth of Hirer Siom depot Ml feet saulb of 
locki lH!inEooppeil>i>ltinB.U.*tana, 











4216 EEPOBT OF THE CIUEF OF ENOINKERB, U. H. ARMY. 



B.M. ma,'.'.".'. 
Xsnorwn 

Topof c»p 

Top of Dip 

T.B.U.sfe 



^"iL^i'.. 



Topot tMp... 
T.B.M.tm.. 

P.B.U.ST*.. 



I 



P.B.U.S&.. 

"VmaTfia... 
F.B.U.9a»=l 

Top of on.... 
P. B. M. sit . , 



0»orP.B.M„aM.... 

Ib abuut^mUea ugrth of lUvisrSloiii depnt, I.IIU fe«t Dortb 

<if ninepoHt 'a. unil 47 bwt HWt of Siuui City and PBoiflg 

Kwy. trsok ; being eoppti bolt In & U, ilons. 

Ot«P,B,M. 3T0........\7. 

Is ubiiut () miles south of BI«DDae,Manou Oiimly, Jawt. 

ItSfeetiouthMidM (Mt cut of P. B, H. 37V, J. :!«.'> frsi. 

■anlli Df mlliipnt SS, and iS ftcl BMt of tbu Sioui Cltf 

■nd PaoiHa Rtt. tnoki Iwln(«)Pl><irbDltln D.U.aUne, 

Over P. aM. 371 -. 

la abgot H milea Matb of BIhuhw, t.KS feet aDDIh ofmUs- 

piAt 21. Hsd «« [i»t west uf Sloni City ud PkIBu Kwy. 

truk: belne copper bolt in B-M-itono- 

OverP.B.«.372 

IiBboat IfmlleBioiittaorBlenciw, I.4B3f^t iiortll arinlle- 

S»t X, 1.W5 feet uraUi nt rulwny brideo No, IS, mad U 
H)t iiMt of the Sloui Uty and PHoi6c Biry. trick ; being 
COPpbT bolt In B.&Latooe. 

Ov«TB-M.373 _ 

lBe23foBt nortb of the depot at Blencoe, sa5 fpet wett of 
the Sioni City und Paclflo Rwy. track, 35 feat nnrtli and 
£3 fui ewt uf ibe DonbuEUt oomor of lAUO Fteeuer'i 
bODM; bolDC oopper boll in B. U. ItODB, 

DvarP.B.M.m 

Ii about 4 mllei •onlb of Otuira Dopot, Monona CoutiH , 
tawR. 44 foot eait of Sloui Ci» and Paoille Kwf.lnuli, 
nu line Kltb sootti side of E. S. Cody'a farmhniiH, anii 
ZM Dieteutof aame; belni copper bollin B.M. iiose- 

OmrP.B.lLaTS 

Ib 3,£I1 feci DOrtli of mllepost 3B, 49 feet wast of tiaek, and 
oppoelic&iriBboueer being nail In reoiof aS-ineli bai-eldti 

Is about a Dtilea Hmth of Onava. l,Sg5i^tHintl> of mll*- 
poft 31, 1.Dee feet eDuth at eut and weat road otouiae, 
■od iS feet eaal oftbe Sioni CI? and PacUte RW7. tnwCj 
beinir copper bolt in B. U. atone. 

OvBrPRM.3T« ,,. 

IaatOnBwii,attbeIonaKTBDaeeDtruioeo[tberaiirl-liuiMe. 
LIS feet tnim the face of gOI. and a.43 feet tma the wett 
Jambi being lop of copper bolt leaded vertleally in Woat 
eadDfatoan doonlJI. 

Ii in Onawa, in the northweat comCT of the German Lutt- 
eran Charchyard, earner of Granite and UiplBetreeta. 3 
feet from the alley fence, and 3 feet from Itie aoullnrreal 
enrneiof aatsbloi belnB copper bolt in B. U.ltone. 

Otor P. B. M. 378 

Is 1,047 feet nartbarODanRl>epnl. and 43 feet wntloftraekr 
botng spike In rootof alD.inch anttoiiwoad tree. 

la about Sj miles north of Onawa Depot. 810 (tet north Of 
niUapoet 41, 180 Ibet north ef the north end of ridliray 
bridge No. 40, and 44faHieastortbeBloaiCIt]'and I'MSlOo 
KwT. iTHok 1 being copper lielt in B. M. ctons. 

Ovi!rP.B.«.S7»..- 

iBabontllmilHarBontbafWhltine Depot, MonouaConnty, 
Iowa, ft58 feet eooth of milepnt 44. 40 feel cMt of Uie 
Sluox City and PacIBi: K«y, track. 3 feet from east 
rigbtof way f^nce, and6f)»t south nf tbc aollth feuooof 
ruad crossing; beiiig copper bolt in B. M. ituikc. 

OverP.aU.SN 

Ii l.OSO feet eouth of Whiting Depot. M fMt eauth of the 
uoth head block alWhlUng.aiid4SfWteaat of UiB tUoDi 
City and PsoiaD Rwy. track; being copper bolt In B. 

0™rP,B.M.BSl 

Is about St niilea north of Whiting Depo^ 2S9 feet South of 

milepoei 49. M feet east of the Sioni City and PaolSo 

Rift, track, and oppcelte Daley'e dwelling; behic copper 

bolt in B. M. stone. 

OTerP.B.M.Sffi 

Is about 3 mllee aonth of Sloan Depot, in Uoaona Oounty, 

tDwOk 1,345 feet sonth of mllepott SZ. and 47 feet west o? 

the Sioux City and PadSc Rwy. track; being copptt bolt 

OrerP.B.M.aB 

la l,3!B feet couth urSloaa Depot. 47 feet niet otlbeSloni 
City and Pacific Rwy. track.andSfeetaonlhof the south 
side of an east ond vest public road ; being copper belt in 

0>BrP.B.H.ie4 



2DLUTU I KtttOt 



APPENDIX %Z — BEPOBT OF HISSOUHI EIVEB COMMISSION. i^V 
Itauripttoiu and tltralluiu ofprtcitt Iwtl btncU narkn, tta. — Coutiiiiied. 



it on tha tfiats or Pnarlli and Btids itnota, Slou: bcfiiE 
ltb.V<t feel Bortli at StniU) Dnpot, BTD toel Koth of mll>- 

iHwi H, Mi'i tn r<we hmi. i>f th« hioui cut ud fhiao 

IMt. ■»r'l< ! Mnc ooppvr IwLt Is B. U. (tODa. 

U al»Dt !( mil(w -oiiiii' of'ttijli Dtiwt.' Woodb'orjtiuBty! 
](ivii,^ufi>i>tMnithof ■ fkm onmiae, •ad tafeclcMtof 
IL> StO'.i City wd FmIBo KVf. Wiuf ; InliiK (wppar bolt 

lirud liIiH'.k ut Sdii KldiBK. ■nd «B fttti sul oT the SInni 
Cliv iiid i'lti-iUc R«y. tnii>k: bMna iwpp«r bolt la D. U. 
■ton*. TI>i>bflial>inwkirM&in)»r]raU.i|'- Itl>>d 
liHO B4Ulilln1i*d In ■ luw iwuntiy plum and atwi hud 
boui dl>i[iirl>Bcl. It «u Ukea up and ntatabliahed M 
dMnritwd above. 

, OvmP, u.u. saii 

. laKboat It nilli»inarthnfBa]liI)nHit,IIBf«titMathoriiille> 
ji.nl O'J, In) fpnt «aat of tbe Sloui Cltj and Pacific Bwy. 
irwk: t>riTieBVlkaluruutor a3(i>lncliiii>tli>n¥mn>l. 
]■ i^i,»,i -H luildx ucirlfa of RiUi Uvunl. IKi Awl north of a 
r..»il rro-iiiis, :kI1 r»t D'>Tlh of C. W. WIiMlat'a boaan, 41 
frrt rft-t .,f ULnSioiu Cfly mid Paolile Rwy, trad, «ul la 
un liii- s.iiiih Hide of ILaold rifor bftd^ bglDji coppar bolt 

Ov.tT. II. M -m 

taabuul. t( milw aaath of Sargent's BlulTDepot, Woodbliry 
roiiBly, lows. I.eOO feet Mmtb Af mllepoit M, 6Sn li»t 
norlli nf • road eroaalDg. 1.36S Ikat nnrlb of touli UudfE^ 
■una ]r<m>e, uid M feet cut of tho Stoui City and Paslflo 
Uiry. traok j belnii oepper bolt In B. U. atone. 

OvorP. B, M,3no 

. Ii iu .SvkcuI'b BlaK ia lot 1, bliiok i, Id (Vnt from Ibc Hoth- 

veat i'nri}-<r nf B T. Beiry'a home, and tiil foetrnm tbe 

Jvpr'S^li.M. 391 .'...1 .". 

ta r.b..u( 3 iiillcu DDCtb orRargenl'B Jtlnlf, 47 feet Hat of tJui 
8inui (Hv iDd PaalHa Roy. track. 1,4TB feet aouth of a 
road cnwainc, and abontSfeot west of oaat rlebluf way 
fKUi'i-: bi'<n);i>oppetboltlD]l.M.ataaB. 

! la U "I'ilo^ i>c^toW'tU'iii*Vunri'^v«VTidgDVJt SloQX Clij'V 

luMH, lUiLji 1160 feet aooth of nilway bi^Kis No, H about 

tii*SI"iii il-iiyond Foolflo Kwy. track i bulnga apike In 

I In SliMji i.'i(y, &S8 feet aouth of tlie Uiaaonrl Ricer 
Iin<lK". MS IW>t north of 1^1 iraj bridge No. W, and la 91 
fe«t eiui ur the Kjoai City and PaoUo Bwy. traok; being 
copiior biiU lu U.]rI.atone. 

. fIrerP U.il. 393- 

la ID Hluai Ci tT, ia Uie IwrthireBt corner of the east pier of 
tbeMlsanurilUvBrBrldge.SfeetabOTethorrcnind: bi'ina 
ernwr of copper bolt leaded hariioDtallT inbJ tbe 

la Id KlDuiCity, 1(13 feet wMt of the ireeC atde of the eMt~ 
nrn or altore pier oflhe ltlisonrlRi>er Bridge, uidallaoal 
vertli'ully nnder the north truae of Iho eant apan, und ie 
t» feet wMl of the Bioni liilj and PaolAo Ewj. track. 
being coiincr bolt in B. M. etaoe. 

OsmP-B, if. j» 

Ia hi .SIniii i.'iiy, lathe aanibmatconiBrof thecoiirt-houee 
yanU 73 If^i from (he auDlhweat ooroer of the i-iiort- 
Wo^a'^il lil.^feetftnm theaontheaat eoruer of Ibe aams i 
br-lnu ~,].;n.r bolt in B. U. etone. 

Ovor P. a Si. 3M 

Ia In -llu^i City, Bboat 39 feet north of tbe DiirtlieaatoomeT 
of Flllb Jiid Pierce atreetai betna top of ring bolt aet 
rcrilcUv In aideiralk alone. 

I* me !-ei we.t of P. B. M. 3K. and aslMt >reat of ChlMiBn, 
M II vaiil.ee and St. Tanl Bwy. traok i Iwlug railroad apiko 

Iaal«mi 3^ ii,il,a above Sloui City and alwDt one-fbiirih 
nillp n.ioh of theKloctrto Ewy. powet-honae atHlTM. 
aidP I'lii'L anJiaifeet northof north bead blook, and 1> at 
louiorh!>iit.52 fOet eaatof ihe Chif ace. Milwaukee and 
St Paul livy. track) bainceopper bolt Id B.H.aMo*. 



111. zau 

710. 44H 



nci.4» 



4218 EEPOBT OP THE CmEP OP ENGINEERS, U. 8. ABliT. 



DeioripHans and eUvaUan^ of precise level bench marJce, ete, — Continued. 



Number. 



Top of cap. 



Top of cap . . 
T.B.M.571 

P.B.M.398. 

Top of cap . 
T.B.M.973. 

P,B.M.390. 



Deacriptioii. 



Oyer P. B. H. 397 

Is about 3i miles abore Sioux Ci^. 174 feet north of north 
head block at Riverside Park, 89 feet we8t of the Chicaffo, 
lillwankee and St. Paul Rwj. traok, and 10 feet east of the 
Electric Rwy. track ; being spike in root of a 16-iuch post 
oak tree. 

Is about 6 miles above Sioux City, 515 feet south of the 
south end of the railway bridse over Big Sioux River, 
and 3 feet east of the west right of way fence; being cop- 
per bolt in B. M. stone. 

Over P.B.M.3M 

Is about 246 feet south of the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. 
Paul Rwy. bridge over Big Sioux River, and 30 feet east 
of traok; bcdng raUroad spike in root of a 12-inch maple 
tree. 

Is about 6 miles above Sioux City on land of Mrs. Rose 
Pacquette, 50 feet west of Chicago, Milwaukee and St. 
Paul Rwy. track, 190 feet south of the south end of 
the railway bridge over the Big Siunx River, and about 5 
feet west of the right-of- way fence ; being copper bolt in B. 
M. stone. 

OverP.B.M.399 



Elevation. 



Meters. 



210.0065 



210.5527 



211.7748 
212.0934 



209.1785 



210.3992 



Feet. 



211.0010 ' 092. 



091.14 



090.790 



604.805 
005.851 



080w287 



090.293 



Appendix A 7. 



annual report of me. o. h. b. turner^ assistant engineer, 1898. 

Office Missouri Rivrr Commission, 

St, l^uie, Mo., July 6, 1893, 

8iR : I have the honor to report on field operations of special precise level snryey 
under my charge. 

In accordance with your instructions I left St. Louis May 19 for Blair, Nebr^ to 
organize a precise level party to connect gauge bench marks with precise level line, 
which was run from Sioux City to mouth of river last season. 

I arrived at Blair, Nebr., on the moruiug of the 2l8t, having stopped at Omaha to 
get men, and the entire party reported the same eveuin^. 

The organization of the party was as follows : O. H. B. Turner, leveler, E. J. 
Thomas, recorder, two-rodnion, two axmen. Work began on the moniing of the 
23d and continued without interruption until the 27th of June, when the work was 
completed at Dewitt, Mo. 

The party was to subsist at hotels and farmhouses, and to use railroads for trans- 
portation. 

The work consisted of running a duplicate line of precise levels from gauge bench 
marks to the nearest precise level bench mark. As the gauges were on opposite sides 
of river from precise bench marks, it was necessary to cross river with levels. At iivo 
places the levels were run over railroad bridges, and at two others river crossings 
were made. 

The gauge bench marks connected with were at following places and in order 
named: Blair, Nebr., Plattsmouth, Nebr., Nebraska City, Nebr., Brownville, Nebr., 
Rule, Nebr., Randolph Bridge and Dewitt, Mo. 

At Brownville, Nebr., on account of the river being very wide, nearly 1 mile, a 
crossing was maae to a wiUow bar, 750 meters, tlien ran over bar to channel on right 
of bar, and another crossing was made of about 200 meters. 

In making a river crossing with one instrument it is necessary to have a cloudy 
day, so that change in refraction may be a minimum. 

In this crossing the morning was very cloudy, threatening rain, and the change in 
refraction was small, so that there was a range of only 6 millimeters in the four com- 
plete results taken on each bank. 

The manner in which the river crossing was made is as follows: 

Having chosen a place suitable for making the crossing, temporary bench marks 
were set on either bank, recorder and one ro<lman crossed to opposite bank with one 
rod and target; target used was made of cardboard, 4 inches wide by 5 inches long, 
tacked upon a strip of wood ; it had a whit« bar 10 millimeters in width, tbrongh 
the center of which was a single black line; the target, after being set eaoh timo^ 
read ftnd recorded by the recorder. 



APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4219 

The reading! were token in the following order, namely : Telescope normal, leyel 
direct^ level reyereed, telescope inverted, level direct, lavel reverHcd. In each obser- 
Ttttion the position of level bubble was kept in center and four complete results taken 
on each bank. 

At Dewitt^ Mo.^ another crossing was made of 680 meters ; the day was cloudy and 
f a verv iUr orosaingwaa made. 
f At Blair, Nebr., rlattsmouth, Nebr., Nebraska City, Nebr., Rulo, Nebr., and at 

r Randolph, Mo., the lines of levels were croftsod over bridges, varying in length, 
: indadlng trestles, from 400 meters to 2,400 meters. 

At theae bridges the levels had to bo run up and down embankments about 50 feet 
"» in heielit, which required about two-thirds of a day for each bridge, and lengths of 
' atretenes were less than 200 meters each. 
I Below is a brief summary of work done : 

Une leveled and checked miles . . 32.0 

Riwer crossings made 2 

River crossings, onrailroad bridges 5 

Old B. Ms., connected with 23 

r P. B. M«., «»^^l^«d "7 

The cost per mile, ezclnsive of trausnorfntion of party and express of instruments, 
iraa abont 923^ total cost per mile, iueludlng all expenses of party I'roni time of leav- 
ing St. Liouis till it returned, was $28. 

A. mach better showing could be made where the work was continuous, as live days 
irere lost in moving party seven times. 

Oat of a total of thirty-five days in field, there were eleven days, including Sun- 
daysy on which no work was done, so that there were only twenty -four days on which 
the party did any work. 

I^e probable error per kilometer is 0.64 millimeter. 

No line was ru n more than twice, and wit h one exception all closed well within 

the limit, 3™»" V 2 x distance in kilometers. 

iDatmment used was Kern level No. 5, with vial No. 5, wliich is an excellent vial for 
thia work. 

Vial No. 12 was used last season on similar work, and many lines had to be rerun 
on acconnt of the level vial beinc^ wholly unfit for precise work. 

The valne of one division was 4.58 seconds, while vial No. 5 has a value of only 
2.S83 aeconds. 

Very respectltilly, your obedient servant^ 

O. H. B. Turner, 
Asahtant Engineer. 

Fizst Uent. J. C. Sanford, 

CarpB €f JCngineerSf U, S, A,, 

Secreiarjf Missouri River CommiaHon, 



4220 REPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, TJ. S. ARM 

Tuples giving the values of instrumental c&nstitnis. 
INEQUALITY OF TELESCOPE RDfGS. 



Ko.of 
tele- 
scope. 


Deteofobser- 
vation. 


Dates to be ased between. 


Valne of 

P'in 
seconds. 


Correc- 
tion in 
millime- 
ters per 
meter. 


Mei 

Talu< 
P'in 
ondH 
seasi 


2 


Apr. 17, 1992 
Oct 3, 1892 




—3.61 
—0.80 


—0.017 




s 




—0.003 ■ 


2 


Anrll 17 to September 26. 1892 




o 


5 


Apr. 17, 1882 
Oct. 3,1892 




.1^.52 
—3.52 


—0.017 
—0.017 




5 






5 


Apriin to September 28, 1892 


—3 








1" 





AKOLE IN ONE DIVISION OF LEVEL TUBE. 



No. of 
tube. 









12 



Dateofobser- 
vatioii. 



Apr. 18, 1892 
Oct 24,1892 



Apr. 19, 1892 



Dates to be used between. 



During wbulo season 
, do 



Seconds 

in one 

division. 



3.74 
3.37 



Sub- 
tends 1 
millime- 
ter at 
meters — 



55.20 
G1.25 



Mean 

onds 

one d 

sion 

8eas< 



3 
4 



LENGTHS OF "A," RODS XIV, XV, XVI, AND XVH. 



No. of 
rod. 



xrv 

XVII 

XV 

XVI 



Dateof meaa- 
urement. 



Ai»r. 23, 1892 

do 

Apr. 27, 1892 
....do 



Dates to be used l)etween. 



Daring wbole season 

do 

do 

do 



Dintance from 
tirnt jH'adient 
to foot of spur. 



MiUimeters. 
44.10 
44.10 
44.20 
44.20 



KOD CORRECTION. 



No. of 
rod. 



xrv 

XV 

XVI 

xvn 



Date of meas- 
urement. 



Deo. 7,1892 

. . . .do 

....do ....... 

....do ....... 



Dates to be used between. 



Darinc whole season. 

do 

do 

do 



Ifean length of the foor rods used = 2,999.31. 
Heaa lengtli of the meter need = 999.77. 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI BIYEB COUUISSION. 4221 
APPEHDIX A 8. 

AHNUAL SXPOBT or MH. A. H. BI.AI8DELL, ABSI8TAMT ENOIMEER, 1BS3. 

Oftick MissouRr Riteb Coumisbio?<, 

Si. Loai», Mo.,JumSO, 189S. 
8n: I b»T0 tbB honor to mbmit the foUowlii^ rRpott oa the water granges mttio- 
tdtatd1i7 tli» MiMonti EireT Commisaioa dnnng tue fiarkl year ending June 30, 



■tintftJDed during tii* ^eai : 



LentinafiHv.. 




MIlM 

•bove 
montb. 


Month. 
y<wr. 




R.U 


H1J.S 

ZW.l 

350.0 

;<w>.7 

121.8 

niw.i 
but:* 




































































I 






























ffiS^^'='-:=:;;;;;";v;- 


Sh..r;.i.l.l" 

















































•Weather Biire«ng»ngB[coiTBcted). 

Till gBn^B which were maintained only two monthH were those which had beou 
■(■Potaril; r«i>Btabliahed in May, lStt2, for compiiriaoD of the extreme high water 
Mttityenr with thoee of 1881 and IHSS. 

Al gauge atJitione aboTe White Cloud, Kana., tho flood of 1892 hod not reached its 
HibiBiii until near Qie middlo of JoIt; nod these [;nugP8 were continned until 
^It 31, at which data the river had f'allcn tn ilI<uu t ita n.urmal full stage. 

"» inipDction of the nngcs has Ijceu in churf!^ of Mr. L. P. Butler, asaigtant 
^^Uer, who has made three thiimiij;h toura of innpcr'tion between St, CliarleH and 
™*l City; in addition to Qiii, he waa chiir;;od with other work t'onnccted with tho 
***MiRineut of bridf;ea, the gathering of conimorclal BtuiiaticH, and the erection of 
*** fnngea and pilot- bnlletiu aif^na. 

. ''**a found neceiaary dnring the month of September to entirely renew the 
■Wniad shore Kaiigea at JelTeraon City, Waverly, and I^xington. 

^1 the prearnt time the gangea are all in good condition ; bnt tlie one at DeWitt — 
■UorD-cuble gaage — will doubtlesa have to be r«ueweil during the next voar, ou 
"wmintof caving banks. 

A^ioj; DDder yoar ordera, pilot- b nil e tin aigna liave been ectablisbed at all the 
'War gauge atatione between the month of tho river and Kaniuia Citv. 
^^olph Itridge havingjuHt liRen nuido a rp;;iilar gauge and bulletin station. 

It "" *"'"' onmber of balletiua moiiitaiimd eleven. 

Uatations where high bridges have beoii l)nilt — St, I'hnrlee. (ilaagow, Sibley, and 
~"Welph_two huUetina, which are attached to tLo bridge structure, are exhibited. 



'°!|'|li>i>ing npatream and the other ilownstreun . 

. neKanaasC'itvBrfdgehaHoneainglebnllotin showing downstream; alltheother 

"^Ustiiu ate DxUblted fhnu the shore. 



4222 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARM 



Drawings of the bnlletins are RhoTrn on the accompanying plate. 

The figures and letters of the buUetins are white on a black backgronnc 
painted on a cold rolled steel plate of No. 16, B. W. gauge. 
■ The plates ot the shore bnlletins, and also of that on the Kansas City Br 
30 inches high by 24 inches wide. 

The bridge bulletin signs are of two sizes. Those on the upstream sid 
inches high by 40 inches wide; those on the lower side are 42 inches hig 
inches wide. 

The bulletins are changed every morning in accordance with the forenoon 
readiAg, and exhibit the stage of water in feet and tenths of a foot, and by t 
minal Tetters R., F., S.; indicate whether the stage is a rising, falling, or stati 
one. 

The shore bnlletins have a framework made of T and angle iron. The 7 
posts are firmly incased at their lower ends for a depth of 3 feet in a cedar oas. 
feet long, which is burled in the ground, and the structure is further bracec 
stmts. 

The bridge bulletins have a framework of bar and angle iron, the constructioi 
which is readily understood from the drawing. The weight of the bulletin is s. 
ported on the eye bars or lower chord of the bridge, to which it is attached by ho 
i>olt6. Braces, either of iron or wood, are carried back to a stringer or guard ra 
and a platform is laid to the bulletin frame for the safety and convenience of tl 
observer. 

In authorizing the gauge-bulletin service, the commission had decided that tht 
stages exhibited by the bulletins should be as nearly as possible the same as those 
published daily by the Weather Bureau. To accomplish this result, it was found 
that the zero to which the bulletin would have to be referred was 5.1 feet below a 
mean of the navigable low waters, usually occurring in early November of each 
year. This stage was accordingly made the zero of the bulletins. 

At Kansas City, the record of the bulletin and the Weather Bureau agree. 

At BoonviUe, the Weather Bureau should record a stage one-tenth foot higher 
than the bulletin. 

At Cole Creek, 3.6 miles above Hermann, the bulletin shows a relatively higher 
stage than the Weather-Bureau gauge at Hennann, but it agrees more nearly with 
the old Signal Service-gauge at Hermann previous to 1886. 

The zero of the Hermann Signal Service-gauge has varied from an elevation of 67.21 
feet in 1886 to 71.1 feet in 1890; the latter elevation is now used. 

A mean of the navigable low waters at Hermann for fourteen years appears^ from 
the various records on file, to be 73.5 feet. 

The bridge bulletins also give by simple subtraction the clear headway available 
nnder theoridges for passing steamboats ; the elevations of the lowest point of 
superstructure of the bridges and the water surface being known. 

By your direction, printed cards explanatory of the bulletin service, and giviug 
data for ascertaining the clear headway under bridges up to and including Kansas 
City, have been issued to the owners, masters, and pilots of steamboats navigating 
the Missouri River. 

The work of the precise-level parties, which has just been completed^ shows that 
the records of all the gauges on the river must receive corrections, varying in amount. 

The corrections from old to new elevations at each gauge appear to be as follows: 



Feet. 

Sioux City (Perry Creek) -f 1. 259 

Sioux City Bridge -fl.27 

Blair -f-0.433 

Omaha -f 0.703 

Plattsmouth -fO. 552 

Plattsmonth Bridge -f 0. 548 

NebraskftCity -f-0.056 

Brownville —0.319 

Rule -0.187 

White Cloud —0.082 

St. Joseph Waterworks —0. 132 

St. Joseph —0.137 

Atchison —0.021 

Fort Leavenworth .:.... — 0. 070 

Fort Leavenworth Bridge — 0. 070 



Feet. 

Leavenworth -fO. 094 

Kansas City -i-0.209 

Randolph -f 0. 131 

Sibley -f 0. 143 

Lexington -j-0.015 

Waverly -fO.252 

DeWitt -I-L620 

Glasgow -1-0.^4 

BoonviUe 4-0.228 

Jefferson City -f0.206 

Ewings Landing -f 0. 103 

Cole Creek -|-0.109 

Hennann -j-0. 135 

St. Charles +0.082 



As soon as it can be conveniently and satisfactorily done, it is proposed to change 
all the gauges so as to read correct elevations above the St. Louis Directrix, as deter- 
mined by the precise-level line. 

No change has been made in the methods heretofore adopted for the permanent 
preservation of the gauge records; trial hydrographs are kept platted up to date, 
£rom which errors of reading are detected. 



* • ' • 



^ -^ ^ 

"1 ,^^,,^1^ 




a^=d 



^ra: 



cti/vt. 



3 ofJl.Ji.BL3JjdjU.L.jlAsiEn^r 



l^rsixTg— RCT'C^ 'op'^gs&trSt SiveU 6dimiim^'''^S^ 



plattnd frcBi the yniirl v .'artU, whlnh are prepar«il irilh 
il'tbn wtckl? ntcarrtu, tb« ohwrver's lEfacii lioolc und 

I'l tMliiiolllHipKngeii- 
hiive liMTi pTcparAtl ; And, aftet npply- 
I nl' praciso l«veli, ihe recbrdB for tlio 
jtt b«6u publUbeil, will ba ready (or thn priutei's 



Very rwpectfullT', your oliediout iMtrvimt, 

: I.jeat. J. C. Sakfors, 
l.'orpi of Eii3<neci-i, 17. S. A., 

Se»vt<trg Afinfouri Hivar CoamUrioit. 



A. H. Bi^iniiEi 



foil, DIVIBIOM KNGnCEKK, OJI. 

UissotiRt River CouMiAsinir, 
OVFicE or DivisioK KxiiKRKR, 

Hermann, Mo., Juiu 30, XS&S. 
'■■■-■ ■ i,,ivo the honor to Bubmit herewitli » report of the opNatiuni andtr 
>? Omaha tUviviua of the Missouri River daring the fisuul you' cn^- 

L I fM in tho vicinity of Council Blaffe, Iowa, compiled from sorveya 
I vici, and Mny, ins^, accompanies the report. 
Ttiu I luiulj.t divlBlon waa asaigned to my charge, by your direction , in a letter from 
tb» ohief clerk, (tattid £t. Loiiia, Mo., September 3D, 1692, two days after the death of 
Uc, CharlM F. l'ott«r, diTision enBineer, previously iu charge. Id compliance Uiere- 
"itbl proceeded tc Omaha, arriving October 3, 1^, and tookcharpeoftbeproperty 
Hd iroTk. The opemtioDa In pmgresB at that time were the repmr and launching 
"t ttn Heat, for which authority wag given Mr. Potter in yonr letter datnd July 23, 
WEQ; rev* tment construction in Council Blufls Bend, and riiitceliaueoua wotk inoi- 
dfiDtUierBto, aaaathorJEedbyMr. Potter's project, dated August 19, 1893, and approved 
Bf^temtier 8, 1A93, for the eipenditure of the $30,000 aUotted for repair and comple- 
tiantf revetment in vicinity of Cooncil BIuCTb, Iowa. 

Viint to October 3, and from July 1, 1892, the recorda abow the force to hare been 
vwnpied aa followa, viz ; 

Keuurementa were tahen to det«rmine the elevationa of the lowest points of the 

xipmtnictuiTa of tho chnnnnl spnns of the bridges aoross the Miiisiinri liiver at 

|i<mi City, illair, Omaha (Union Pacific and Omaha and Conncil Blults},Bnd at 

rlittaaiuiith. Thia work WMorderud verbally June 38, IS92.by theaecretaryof the 

Coiiiiiiiagioi] and the report thereon was aiibmitted to him under date of Jnly 38. 

MW, ' ^ * 

hi acrnnlnii^'.n with a telegram and letter from the secretary, dat^d at St. Louis, 

'[!-'. a party waa aent to float and deliver to Mr. Paige, aasiatant ungi' 

j .'ipreclaojevel party, a nuarter boat gronnded ou a bar near Platte- 

' li.'re b; hliu In charge of a watohuian. 'llie boat waa delivered to 

> ::l. at a laudins about 3 miles below " Calumet Point." 

i bifence l^ake, July II and 12, during a stage of water that was fonr- 

it holow the maiiraum of that season, was made the aubject of a epe- 

W report to you on July 23. 

Tlie work of ropairing the fleet referred to abovo was hegon July ST. The pro- 
f^lg of briiah by hired labor, for use in revetment oou struct ion, was begun 
eephtmbcr 9. 

the sinkiug of aochocage piles was begun September 10. The rock ballast for the 
nrslnient extnnslon ami repulni was porobaaad September 10, iu open market, at 
tHu dollars and tWHnty-fonrceotB(,$2.^) per cable yiird, toho delivered ou the bank 
•tpuigU of expenditure. 

The repair and lauucbing operations and revetment oonatruction were continned 
after t took charge, in accordance with the approved plan. 

Ettetment eomlrufHon and refMJm.^Tlie weaving ol mattress was begnn October 

II. with one party, at the down.strearo side of the launching waye. 1 afterwards 

?"r>i-il that tlio way front»g» waa nnptoteoled, and ordered a woven roattresa placed 

' . Uppitig the old work above and the new bolow. A second party began work 

r :^ at a point nboot 800 feet above the head of the revetment constructed in 

Wearing wm fini«Ued Noreniber 16; 3,040 linear feet were woven, of an kverag* 



Irnllaoi 



4224 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF EKGIKEERS, U. 8. ARHT. 



width of 70 feet, the lower end lapping the revetment of 1891 (see theaooompanying 
mapA-B). 

Brash cnttinff was finished November 5; the total quantity procured was 1,113 
cords. The simcin|f of piles for shore anchorage was finished October 11; 271 pilea 
were sunk, with a jet, to an average penetration of 18.21 feet. 

Hydraulic grading for the upper bank work began Ooctober 19 and was finished 
November 21 ; 2,601 linear feet of bank were graded, involving the removal of 8,776 
cubic yards of earth. 

The character of earth composing the bank was such, in places, that the grade 
made by the jet required some surfacing with scrapers and shovels. The ballaeting 
of mattress and upper bank was begun October 26 and finished November 30; 4^oS 
cubic yards of rock were thus expended. 

The cost of this work*is shown in item in the following table: 

Cost exhibit in detail of S,040 linear feet of revetment at Council Bluffs, Iowa, 1S9B. 



CUuification and extent. 


Coat per 
unit. 


Cofftof 
each item. 


Coat per 

linear 

foot: 


Toteleort. 


Procnring 1,118 cords of willow brash, viz : 

RfeniwTtmg'A 842 nords 


$0.1867 
.3376 

.2328 
.1766 
.8670 
.2998 
.6631 
.2660 
.1886 


$157.20 
375.75 

' 259.10 
47.62 
964.95 
333.68 
738. 06 
296.16 
154.37 


$1.041B 

.4270 
.8461 

.4055 

.4946 
1.2409 
2.3301 




Cattinir 


# 


Binding: 

Labor $203.50 

Material 55.00 


# 


Iioadiniir was^ns. 270 cords ........... 




• Hauling 




Barging 




Snbsitttence 




8ni>erint4ndf>nce, fonnnan. and timekeeper -^^.T.T--r 




Towine by hand 




(1,059 ooroa naed in reyetment.) 






2.9891 


3, 326. 89 


$8,168Ltf 


Hydraulic grading 8,776 onbio yards of earth, viz : 

Liabor 


.0793 
.0266 
.0420 


696.23 
233.43 
368.60 




Subsistence ...............'................. 




Fuel 










.1479 


1, 298. 26 


1.298.36 


Wearing 3,040 linear feet of mattress, via : 

Labor 


.5867 
.2594 


1, 783. 71 
788.57 




Subsistence 










.8461 


2, 572. 28 


2.572.28 


Anchoring 3,040 linear feet of mattress, riz : 

Labor 


.0759 
.0172 

.3124 


2:50. 05 
52.57 

949.79 




Subsistence 




HateHal: 

00,250 feet 3-8 inch strand $762. 40 




3,453 feet 3-4 inch cable 104. 80 




148 "Nier" anchors 22.50 










.4055 


1, 233. 01 


1.23101 


Labor 


1.1312 
.9514 
.6082 

3.4000 


306.57 
162.70 
114.00 
920.40 








Fuel 




Material, 271 piles 










6.0908 


1, 503. 67 


1,6(0.67 


Material, 1,370 cubic yards of rock 


2.24 
.3659 
.1476 


3, 068. 80 
501. 37 
202. 28 








Subsistence 










2.7535 


3,772.45 


3,77146 


Ballasting 3,040 linear feet upper bank, viz : 

Material, 2.70;i cubic yards of rock 


2.24 

.2.')98 
.1409 


6.054.72 
648.10 
380.82 




Labor, placing 




Subsistence, placine 










2.6207 


7,083.64 


7,083.M 


Total 


6.7856 


2U,flSlTI 









APPENDIX Z Z ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4225 

Bill of coal of S,040 linear feet of revetmentj Couvril Jtluffity lotra^ ISftS, 

Claanficatiou and extent : 

1,(»9 cords of willow brush at workH, at $2. 98iH .f3, uri. 45 

4,073 cubic yartls of r<*ck at works, at J|«2. 24 U, 12S. 52 

160 piles at works, at $3. 7753 r/)t.()5 

111 piles, paid for ou ullotiiu^nt for 1K«J) 31<i. US 

e0,250 linear feet, |-inrh rttraud, at !|«0. 012(55 7()2. 4J) 

3,453 linear feet, |-inch csililc, at fO. 0177 \M. 80 

148 *• Nier " anchors, at *0. 15i:; 22. 50 

Labor and subsistence : 

Weaving 2.572.2« 

Anchoring 2S;{. 22 

Ballasting 1. 7:J2. 57 

Labor, subsistence, and fuel, hydraulic grading 1, lt)8. 2t> 

Labor, subsistence, and fuel, driving anchor piling 5s3. 27 



Total 20,G28.7« 

MisceUaneoua data and elenients of mut txh'tbft nt ('ouhcH lihiffn, Iowa, 1892. 

Claasiti cation and extent : 

Linear feet of mattress mad** 3, 040 

Square feet of mattress made 212, 800 

Square feet of upper bank revetted 82. 08^ 

Total cost $20.G28.7(i 

Cost per linear foot of work (i. 7Ki6 

Cost per square (100 square feet) mat t rcHS work 5. 7551 

Cost per square (100 square feet) u]>per bank work 10. 2110 

The repairs to the 1891 revetment in the vicinity of the pumping station were 
finished December 6. 18i)2. The deposit left by the June rise ou the upper bank 
-was ji^ded oft' and the ballast reinforced with 30() cubie yards of rock. This rock 
-waa broken up with hanuners and packed into the interstices of the old ballast; 
the area thus treated was 1,347.8 square yards. 

Bill of coHt, repairing revetment near pump-houte, Council liluffs, lotca. 



ClatiDilication and extent. 



lAbor: 

Grading deposit off of old revetiniint. 
Placing 306 cubic yard>! of rock 



Cost of 
oach 
item. 



$07.00 
04.32 



jfAterial: 

SI06 cubic yards of rook. 
Fuel 



Total 



085. 44 
2L\ 8U 



Total 
cost. 



$161.32 



708.24 



869.56 



The construction of two pile dikes in the pocket (shown at C ou the map) above 
the boat yard, was begun December 28, 1892, and finished January 25, 1893. Forty- 
oue 'White oak piles were driven to an average ]»enctrationof 23.73 feet. The dikes 
extended from the shore out 60 feet all<l 80 feet, respectively, their outer, or stream 
endSt being about on a Hue chording the pocket. As they projected beyond the 
revetment mattress, it was necessary to protect their outer ends with foot mattresses. 
Xhese mats, containing 5,097 square feet, were woven ou the ice and sunk in place 
^ritb 150 cubic yards of rock. 

SlfG 93 265 



4226 . REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 
The cost of the dikes is shown in item in the following table: 

Bill of cost of pile-dike eonalrHctian at Council Bluffs, Imca, 1892 and 1893, 



ClMsification and extent. 



Labor: 

Driving 41 pilea 

Placing walen and braces 

Weaving foot mattreaa, 5,697 aquare feet. 

Sinking and ballaHting waiue 

Making shore connoi'tions 



Material: 

41 white oak pilea 

5,944f feet, B. if ., wales and braces, white oak and yellow pine 

1,568 pounds drift-bolt iron , 

54 conls of willow brush 

274 cubic yards of rock ballast (paid for on allotments for 1889 and 1891). 

2,060 fw'.t of j-iuch strand : 

176 bushels c'oal 



Plant, rental of steam hoist, and leads with 3, 000- pound ram. 



Total 



Cost 
I of each 
item. 



fl33.47 

97.47 

111.46 

178. 50 

63.36 



344.49 

162. 40 
35.62 

161.41 

142. 41 
25.43 
33.37 



127.50 



I 



Total 
coet. 



$884.26 



905.13 
127.50 



1. 916189 



These dikes were so badly damaged hy the ice when it moved ont in the spring, 
that they were unable to withstand the April flood ; all of the upper one and a por- 
tion of the lower one were t-aken ont. 

Under dat'e of April 10, 1893, Assistant Jones reported a break, 450 feet long, in 
the old revetment just below the dikes. 

The matter was reported to you, and authority obtained for repairing it by the 
construction of new revetment. Work was begun April 18 and finished May 25. 
Four hundred and eighty-one linear feet of bank were graded, involving the removal 
of 1,261 cubic yards of earth. Five hundred and twenty-seven linear feet of mat- 
tress, averaging 65 feet wide, were woven. Seven hundred and forty-six cubic yards 
of rock were expended in ballasting the mattress and upper bank ; this material was 
purchased in open market for $1.95 per xjubic yard, delivered on the bank at the point 
of expenditore. The brush used, 121.42 cords, was procured by hired labor at a cost 
of $2.67 per cord on the work. 

The location of this work is shown on the accompanying map, from point C, 481 
feet downstream. 

The cost is shown in item in the following table, viz : 

Bill of cost repairing 481 linear fe^t of revetment at Council Bluffs, Iowa, 



Classification and extent. 



Labor: 

Procuring 121.42 cords of willow brush at works 

Hydraulic grad ing (1 ,2rii cubic yanlH) 

Weaving 34,255 square feet of liiat truss 

Sinking and ballantiug same 

Ballasting upper bank 



Cost of 
each 
item. 



$312. 00 

106. 45 

355. 12 

70.17 

165.90 



Material: 

7,700 linear feet, §-inoh strand 
545 linear feet | inch cable 



97.44 

22.55 

746 cubic yards r«>ck ' 1,453.90 



Total. 



Total 
cost. 



$1,009.64 



1,573.89 



2,583.53 



In the latter part of April, 1893, the old revetment above the gumbo point (see 
accompanying map, H-C) began to show signs of failure; but, as there were no 
funds available, it could not be repaired. 

Under date or May 29, 1 submitted to you a report on the condition of the work on 
the reach, with a project and estimates for its repair and maintenance. 



I'l K- 



• -rri ' 




s:.^.„.f^y ^n:,-i„, ^,:t, a. rf..j. -. 



APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4227 

Oare of and repaira to plant, — Up to the time that I took charge of the work in 
Ociiober, 1892, 11 hnlU iiad been repaired and 14 launched. The charaottT of the 
repairs was snch as was thought necessary to make the picoeii Hurviceable for that 
Be>cMM)n only. In accordance with verbal instructions from the Secretary, turrange- 
iue>iita were then made for the extensive repair of all hulls that required it. 

October 15 a raft of four large barges was started down the river for St. Joseph ; 
tlie balance of the fleet afloat, consisting of lifteen hulls, was pulled out and placed 
oo the ways after the revetment construction had been iluishcd, November 16 to 28, 
1882. Preparatory to pulling these hulls out, the launrrhin^ ways had to be extruded 
iiuder water. The repairs to hulls were carried on all winter and until April 25, 
18$^, when they were finished, and the force of carpenters and calkers discharged. 
S«ven of the brush and stone barges (25 by 100 feet) and one of the small barges 
(16 by 65 feet) were practically rebuilt. All of the decayed timbers were taken out; 
oa one piece this left only the bottom. 

The other pieces required and were given but slight repairs. It was proposed to 
outfit hydraulic grader No. 1 with a set of pile leacfs and a B-Cram st«am hammer, 
'or use as a pile-driver on the Kansas City division, and, in order that the weight 
ui voiced in the pile-driving apparatus might be carried without distress to the hull, 
> set of hog chains and braces were put ou her. The pile leads for the outfit were 
n^ade at the yard. 

A. general movement and breaking up of the ice in the river on the Omaha Reach 
occprxried March 10, 1893. Launching operations began ten days thereafter; the 
entire fleet, consisting of 33 hulls, was launched by April 21. The removal of 
{*^*^*;liing and storage ways and their supports was be^un April 12 and by May 25 
DjkH l>een finitUied, and the material loaded on barges for transportation down the 
^.^^r. The entire field force, except the watchman in care of the fleet, was then 
^^<^ barged. The Omaha office was closed by May 31 and the records sent to the 
Hermann office. 

-^be cost of these operations is shown in the following table : 

Btll t>f co8t repairing ways pulling boats, repainng and launching hulhf and removing 

9torage ways at Council Bluffs , Iowa, 1892 and 1893, 



Clafisification and extent. 



^5^*^»g laanching ways : 
^»»>lKing25pileM 

^••W f. 



M«t 



^J^»*iber,'pne», nail*, etc 
^*»*>jliet. fad 



Cost of 
each item. 



$77.20 

406.08 

87.07 

65.50 



147.45 
38.00 



376. 75 
151.20 



^'^^i^? boats (14 hells) : 

Mjt^tA^r and subsistence 

^^^Bdng 

Benai*»c 

C^r**? bttU» (Isbor, repairs proper) : 

O, T3*ntering 9,799.44 

rp^^Utue carpenters 



ice. 



?1 



pj^Ht materiaL lumber, oakum, iron, etc. 

oJJ^^tparohased, tools, etc 

Applies, fiiel, oil, paints, tallow, etc 



?^HiBg 42 hulls: 
nr^W and subsistence , 
■*■ Naming 



Bcnov),} 



j^Jng storajre ways : 
Jb^W and subsistence. 



^taming. 
Total 



1, 370. 47 

163.10 

1, 613. 85 



3. 113. 00 

10.60 

316.80 



1, 076. 78 
444.90 



1, 374. 57 
209.65 



Total 
cost. 



$635.85 



185.46 



527.95 



16, 294. 10 



3.440.49 



1, 521. 68 



1,584.22 
24,189.74 



■^2 




4228 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 

• 

The movement of tho Omaha fleet down the river was effected by the 8tea.ir-i=ner8 
Alert and Gaaoonadey except one lot of 7 Rmall hulls^ which was rafted down. The 

Jlert took away 16 hulls m 3 tows; the first one April 13, tbc last June 3; tho ^^(u- 
conadc took 4 hulls in 2 tows; the tirst one June 9, the last one June 19. 

Miacellaneous. — In accordance with instructions from the Secretary, dated a 
Louis, January 26, 1893, some special measurements were made of the water' 
batter of ])ierH, and depths of trusses on the bridges across the Missouri Ri v< 
Nebraska City, Plattsmouth, Omaha (Union Paciiic and Omaha and Council fil 
lilair, and Sioux City. . _ _ 

A drawing of these bridges, showing the data asked for, was prepared and ^ -^fc^rac- 
ing of it sent to the Secretary with a letter dated March 1, 1893. 

A survey of the river to show the location of the new revetment constmctecl- *"" 
the interstate bridge now in iirocess of erection was made May 16, 1893. 

Sioux City Reach, — ^No work wiis done on this reach. Assistant Jones macl ^^ "*" 
inspection on the 26th instant of tho nine dikes constructed there under your cl "*£?" 
tion in the spiing of 1889, and reports all of them intact and in'good condition. .^ 

accr<^tiou formed by them extends from the main shore to their stream ends, is <X "°^J? 
uniform^ and of an average height of about 1^ feet below standard high wateX"^ 
is covered almost entirely with a dense growth of willows about a year old. ». 

A revetment is in iirocess of construction by the Chicago, St. Paul, Minnei^it^j, 
and Omaha Railroad Company on the right bank. On the 26th instant 2,300 1 ■ "^^the 
feet of it ha<l been finished. The upper end of it is at a x>oint 3,750 feet abov^ ^^ 
Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railroad Bridge. It was stated b>'' ^^^on-. 
foreman at the work that a dike, extending 50 feet into the stream, will bo 
strueted at the head of the revetment. 

I am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. Watkrs Fox, ^ 

Lieut. Col. Chas. R. Suteu, 

Corj^s of Engineers f U, S, A.j 

rresident MissouH River Commission* 



VI- 



Appendix 0. 

ANNUAL RKPOKT OF MK. S. WATEK8 lOX. DIVISION KNGINKER, 8T. JOSEPH X> 

SION, i893. 

Missouri Uiver Commission, 
Office of Division Engineer, 

Ifejinann, Mo,, June SO, ISP 

Colonel: 1 have tho honor to submit the following report of the ojicrat* 
under my charge on the St. Joseph division of the Missouri River, during the ti 
year ending June 30, 1893: 

yehraska City Reach. — No work was done on the Nebraska City Reach. The ro 
ment constructed in 1889 and 1890 is intact and in good condition. 

Rulo Reach. — A project with estimates, for the continuationof the work underti*' 
by the cominisHion on the Rub) Kejich was prepared in accordance with the inst? 
tions contained in your letter dated July 25, and submitted under date of JuIV 
No funds were allotted, however, aiulno work was done. A number of small br^ 
show in the upper bank workof the revetment constructed during the spring of :!- 

^7. Joseph Reach. — Operations on the St. Joseph Hrach consisted in revetiX^ 
repairs in Bon Ton and ndniont Bends; pile dike construction in Belmont Bend 5 
care and repair of i)lant, and other work incident to the removal of all plant <l* 
the river. 

The completion oJ' the six short spur dikes, authorized at the foot of Belli ^ 
Bend, and thai were be«j:un in June, 1892, was efiected July 8; twenty-five pilos %'^' 
driven and bra<ed,aud 2,r»5l 8<|imrefeil of foot mattresses were woven and i>alla» * 
This work practi('ally (exhausted the funds; the force was disbanded, and the licet - 
in charge of two wiit( hinen. These dikes are shown on the aeeompanying maX' 
the river at Belmont Bend — the llrst six below the point A. 

A project, with <'stiniatey, for the continuation of the work undertaken by 
Commission on the St. Joseph Reach wa8])repared,in accordance with your inst:^ 
tions of July 25, and subniiited under date of July 29. sas 

In brief, it provided for extension of the upper system of dikes in the Ka<^ _^ a* 
Chute, at a cost of $11,802; for revetment repairs in Bon Ton and Belmont bend^' 





r 



▲PP£NDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4229 

» oost of 16,660 an(1$32,43], reBpeotively ; and for revetment repairs iu Elwood Bend, 
at a cost of ^1,178. In tho item of $32,131 for repairs in Belmont Bend, proviKlou 
was made for the con8traction of a system of fourteen spur dikes, a<;grej?atiug 3,610 
linear feet, the object for which those dikes were projected heini.!; to fair out the 
tthore line, or to mask the pocket formed at the lower end of the bend to an align- 
ment tangential to the general trend of the El wood revetment. 

I was notified August 18, 1892, that an allotment of ;^30,000 had been made by the 
Commission, and was instructed to prepare a |)roject for its expenditure. The revised 
project was submitted August 23 au<l approved Se])t ember 8, 1892. It provided for 
the repairs to the rovetmeuts in Bon Ton and Behnont beiidci. as specified in my pro- 
ject dated Jnly 29, 1892, and for the expenditure of the balance of tho money in the 
protection of the bank expos6<l to the river in the gap between the Belmont and 
Klwood revetments by a continuatitm of the system of short spur dikes then in 

Slace^ the dikes to be of such lengths that a lino through tbeir outer ends should 
e fair with the trends of the revetted shore line above and below. 

Measures were taken immediately after receipt of notice of approval of project 
far its execntion. A quarry was opened September 10 in the Minsouri Bluffs, abont 
a mile above the head of Bon Ton Bend, and operated until Novem1)cr 16. The total 
product from the quarry was 11,346.36 cubic yards of rock ballast, at an average cost 
of 67| cents per cuuic yard, loaded on barges. Brush cutting was begun Sop^mber 
16 and carried on, at several diflereut localities, until November 12. The total prod- 
uct was 1,474 cords of willow brush, at an average cost of $1.41 per cord, bound and 
loaded on barges. 

Bon Ton liend. — Revetment repairs in Bon Ton Bend began September 16 and wore 
finished November 16; a delay of eighteen days was occasioned by the nonarrival of 
strand used iu mattress construction. 

One thousand two liundred and twenty linear feet of bank were graded with a jet, 
iuvolving the removal of 8.288 cubic yards of earth. One thousand one hundred and 
•even ty-nine and one-half linear feet, or 47,894 square feet, of mattress were woven in 
two pieces. Eight breaks, aggregating 655 linear feet of ])nnk, were repaired by 
regrading and fairing out the slope with brush and then ballasting well with rook. 
The cost of this work is shown in item in the following table: 

Bill of cost of repairs to ifvetmenf in Bon 2'on Bend, 1S92, 

Classification and extent : 

416 cords of brush on works at points of expenditure $627. 27 

5,920 i>ounds wire strand,f -inch, at $0.0 105 i»cr pound 239. 76 

4,296 cubic yards of rock on works at points of exi)euditure 3, 026. 24 

Labor, viz, anchorage 17. 50 

Labor and subsistence, viz : 

Weaving 451. 18 

Ballasting 1,201.28 

Labor, fuel, and subsistence, viz, hydraulic grading 227. 94 

Total cost, exclusive of administration, care and repair of plant 5, 791. 17 

Belwumt Bend. — Revetment repairs in Belmont Bend began October 1 and were 
finished November 21 ; 1,441 linear feet of bank, containing 3,629 cn1)ic yards of earth 
were graded with a jot; 88 linear feet, or 5,45(5 square feet of mattress were woven 
in one piece. Fifteen small breaks aggregating 739 linear feet of bank were repaired 
in the same manner as similar ones in l^on Ton Bend. In the latter i)art of March, 
1893, a break in the upper bank work, 150 feet long, at a point a short dlNtance above 
the system of dikes, was repaired in the same way. And again in A])rll, at a point 
jitst oelow this break, one of tho same character and about the same extent was 
repaired. The cost of these repairs in item is shown in the following table: 

Bill of cost of repairs to revetment in Belmont Bendy 1893, 

Classification and extent : 

169 cords of brush on works at points of expenditure $302. 38 

11,137 iHiunds of wire strand, |-ineh, at $0.0405 per pound 451. 05 

6,297.86 cubic yards of rock on works at points of expenditure 4, 791. 21 

Labor, viz, weaving 25. 00 

Labor and subsistence, viz, ballasting 1,815.47 

Labor, fuel, and subsistence, viz, hydraulic grading ,^1»6. 38 

Total cost, exclusive of administration, care and rei)air of plant 7, 781. 49 



4230 BEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 

The constmotioD of the sereii new dikes and reenforcement of the six dikes referreil 
to above (see accompanying map, between A and B) was begnn October 6; owing to 
a failure in delivery of wales and braces, work on them was suspended November 27. 

Operations were resumed December 29, and the dikes were completed, with the 
exception of placing the curtains, by January 31. April 3 to April 10, after the ice 
in the river had moved out, the curtains were put on; 

Three hundred and ninety-five piles in all were driven to an average penetration 
of 19.44 feet; the maximum and minimum penetrations were 29 feet and 10 feet, 
respectively^. 

Thirtv-nine of the piles were driven to reenforce the old dikes, making three-row 
dikes ot them. All of the new dikes were three-row work with oak and heart long- 
leaf pine wales and braces. Sixty-seven thousand nine hundred and ninety square 
feet of foot mattresses were woven, and 229i cubic yards of rock expended in sinkiug 
them. 

The following table shows in item the 6ost of the entire system of thirteen dikes : 

Bill of oasi of construction, re^forcementf and extemion of dikes in Belmont Bend, 189f 

and 189S. 

Classification and extent: 

889 cords of willow brush on the works at points of expenditure $1, 141. 54 

21 wa^on loads of poles on the works at points of exjieuditure .33. 25 

633 cubic yards of rock on the works at points of expenditure 589. 61 

119i cubic yards of rock on the works, at $1.2025 per cubic yard 143. 70 

16,^ pounds of wire strand, |-inch, at $0.0405 per pound 675. 82 

313 oak piles, loading and transporting from East Atchiuson, Mo 596. 44 

128 Cottonwood piles, at $3.0187 per pile 386.40 

32,711 feet, B.M., yellow pine lumber, at $18.1883 per M 594.96 

5,378 pounds of drift bolt iron, f-inch, at $0.02215 per pound 1 19. 13 

Labor, viz : 

Ballasting 211.86 

Making curtains 36. 00 

Labor and subsistence, viz : 

Weaving foot mat 867.98 

Waling and bracing 828.80 

Labor, fuel, and subsistence, viz: 

Sinking and driving piling 1,212.06 

Hy draul ic grading 47. 20 

Total cost, exclusive of administration, care and repair of plant 7, 484. 75 

Care of and repairs to plant, launching and pulling out hulls, — ^In accordance with 
the instructions contained in your letter dated July 23, 1892, measures were at once 
taken for putting in working order and launching the fieet under my charge at St. 
Joseph. 

An estimate of the cost of the repairs, amounting to $5,800, was submitted Jane 30. 

The repairs and launching of the fleet needed on the St. Joseph Reach were finished 
October 6, 1892. Twenty -five hulls were repaired and thirteen were launched. The 
repairs included, besides the usual work of recalking and the removal of badly 
decayed timbers, new canvas on the roofs of quarter boats Nos. 1 and 5, and pile 
sinkers Nos. 7 and 18; patching and painting roofs of graders Nos. 6 and 7; the 
painting of cabins, and putting new chimneys on pile sinkers as well as the 
painting of all the hulls. October 27, a raft of four 100-foot barges which left Omaha 
October 15 was received at St. Joseph. The expense of the trip was $373.06. The 
nulling out of the fieet and placing the hulls on storage ways for the winter began 
November 8 and were finished November 27. Thirty hulls were taken out. 

Active repairs of plant for the current season were begun March 9, 1893, and launch- 
ing of hulls March 13. By April 14 the entire fieet of thirty-seven pieces had been 
repaired and launched (these repairs consisted simply of calking ana deck repairs); 
the yard ways and supports wore removed and loaded on barges for transportation 
down the river. Nine hundred and seventy-two piles were pulled, at an average cost 
of 7 cents per pile. The steamer Thetis was dismantled, the machinery and all 
serviceable parts taken off"; the hull was launched and sunk in a deep eddy jnat 
below the boat yard. 



^ ST JOSEPH d 
^ MAP, 




APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVEr' COMMISSION. 4231 



Co9i exhibit of care of, reptiinto, and launching of hulls at St, Joseph, Mo., from July I, 

1899, to June S0,^189S, 



Clam. 



liabor, Til: 

Care of plant..... 

Carpentering .... 

C^adaag 

BlncknuiUking ... 

"Lahot 

MachinUi 

Teaming; 

Painting 

Pnllinff uot boats 

I«aancEing boata 

TTracUng^Thetia" 

BflfAiia to *' Sabrina 

ICanorfng boat waya 
Material: 

Plant material 

Plant imrchased 

Boppliea 

Saboiatence 



It 



Grand total. 



Designation. 



Watching boata and other property. 



Repairs proper 



Lumber, oakum, iron, etc . . 

Tools, rope, etc 

Oil. paint, tallow, nails 

Labor, stores, and supplies 



Amount. 



$1,713.40 

1.507.92 

1. 281. 00 

58.45 

673^37 

137. 17 

ft4.30 

396.12 



882.98 

1,388.9? 

788.06 



Total. 



$1,718.40 



4,038.83 

858.53 

911.48 

51.67 

25.83 

663.26 



3, 060. 01 
2,092.00 



13,414.51 



Tow hoai eervice, — ^The towiiig and handling of floating plant were done by the U.S. 
•teameni Alert and Sabrina, The former reported at St. Joseph for duty September 
7, VS92, and continued in service on the reach until November 1, when she left for 
Joffereon City with instmctions to report there for further orders to Division Engi- 
neer Sainnel H. Yonge. The steamer Sabrina arrived at St. Joseph from Jefferson 
City October 31, 1^2, and continued in service until she was put on the ways, 
KoTember 27^ 18d!2. She was put In commission again March 21, 1893, and after doing 
•ome handling incident to the Belmont revetment repairs was engaged in moving 
pl^nt from St. Joseph to Kansas City. She cleared witli her first tow for that point 
April 1, 1893. The Alert was also used in this latter service, arriWng at St. Joseph 
April 2, 1893, and clearing the following day with a tow for Kansas City. The last 
of the hulls on the St. Joseph Division were taken in tow for Kansas City by the 
^/tfr<May25, 1893. 

A transfer of headquarters to Hermann, Mo., for the works under ^my charge hav- 
ing been effected November 19, 1892, the force at St. Josepli was reduced to a minimum 
needed for the care of plant and regular clerical duties. The office was removed 
November 30 to fioom A, German American Bank building, and was finally closed 
May 31. 1893. 

In the latter part of April, 1893, the dikes in Belmont Bend were swept away and 
the bank between the Belmont and Elwood revetments exposed. The accompauyiog 
map shows (A to B) the extent of the bank erosion up to the date of the survey, May 
19, 1893. 

An inspection of the map and of the cross sections taken before and after the dikes 
went ont shows: Ist, that there was a heavy si-uur of the bed of the river all along 
from A to B, such as always occurs at the foot of a hook-8ha])ed bend during a rise ; 
the sconr ext-ended nearly, if not quite, to the limit of penetration given the dike 
piles; 2d, that the mattress, from the point A down to the dikes, settled to such an 
extent because of the scour as to expose the bank there to erosion, and thus was 
initiated a flanking action, which, once begun under (he existing conditions, must 
of necessitv have resulted in the destruction of the dikes. 

In accordance with your instructions I prepared and submitted, under dato of May 
27, a report on the condition of the works on the St. JoKeph Kench, and a project 
with estimates for their maint.enance and repair. 

It provided for the reinforcement with rock ballast of the upper bank work on 
the Belmont. Bend revetment from its proseut terminus, 4,500 feet upstream and for 
the constraction of 3,550 linear feet of new revetniont (see map A to B), connecting 
the Beltnont and Elwood works. The conditions of flow there now are such that it 
is thought there will be no difficulty in the shore Hue as proposed. The estimated 
coet of the work is $30,000. 

Surveye. — ^August 22 to 27, 1892, twenty-two partial sections were sounded at the 
lower end of Belmont Bend to secure data for pilo-diko estimates and to learn the 
poeition of the mattress constructed in 1891. May IG to 19, 1893, a hydrographio 
survey was made in the same vicinity to determine the ])robable causes of failure of 
the dikes and to furnish information for a project for the protection of the bank 
exposed. 

The 008t of the first survey was $20.90; the latter^ $41.55. 



4232 RKPORT OP THE CHIliF Or ENOl.VEKKS, V. 8. AKMY. 



B fftwKh.— No wotI, ■■■. i-.l.. I r:;.- \|.i.; 

An was anticipated, cou,ii! 
A. J. tipahr, tn eomioand ni 
6.»Lilniake« thelbllowiL- !■ ■ 
the new obftQiiel in the i-iil'i''! mi'iii;''! .ln-.iTl;, 
attlieliead of tie AH;lii«.iii I-Limi clinte .iiiil i,- tir 
Bidural'la water was tluwiiiK tUruiigli tlii? uliiite. a 
flow wgiUd increase anil (wisaibly soim bopome tlie , 



JMAiton BoO'h.—Sn woil, ■■■. i- ■!■■ i r^;.- \|. i.;-..;i Kcwii. 

■ Hi' liy till' l)iiiili>liun CitM 
■I clip ri-srh Wilk a low J" 
.,.• lunin flow crtml'iK tltren^ 
i-^t i.ho Hglit or Kanaw |- 
a B. ran ill erosion tS „. 
tbe indiGationa WM4'j 

..a cbaoQGl of thattn 

ji the licad of AtcbUun iKlan'l a croseing wan made to tl>e mainb ~ 
Mod Lake. The tevctmuiit, frnm that point 3,300 feet ilumistraain, com _. 
Titilnisui ooinpanien in the winter of 1887 and 1888, lias lieen prnctioftU; A 
A deep bight hns fornie'l in the shore line jnst above th« ajvtem of dUM« ur 
hy the CommtMiou in 1869. The main cbaonel paaaed berween tha nn - 
dike and the nboro. This gives a iliKction to the flow wliirh delivers ttt 
rent aeoinst tlic right baak at the tounitlionse, aanfflcient distiinoanbor«H 
Mm Ilridga to niulcn tlio paeaage ttarougb the draw B[iun ensy and salb. 

Farther Iubb of imprnvement works on the rencfa seems inovitabin, nnltsa Ui> i 
flow of the river should quickly find its way through the Atvbiaoii cliiil«, a W 
gency which I regard as very doubtful. 

I am, oolonel, very roepectfnUv, yoar obedient servant. 

s. H'atbrs Fox, 

Lient. Col. Chas. E. Suteb, 

Corpt of Engineitri, V. S, A., 

Prttidani Miuoari llicer Comiainion. 



AMXDU. UKPOUT 



Appkndis D. 



f . 1«)3. 



. EAXSA8 CtTT DVf 



HiasOUIU BlVXR ClIMMlsMOM. 

OirpicE OF Division Esuixebr,^^ , 
Bermann. Me.. Jaitrat). I.Vf-^ 

Couixni.: Iharetbe honor to submit herewith a report of the operatioua tuutarff 
chariie on the Kansas City divistion of the MiMouri River during the fiei'.al TearM 
log June 30, 1893. 

ux accordanco with yonr iostrnfltionB that I shonld relievo Mr. Satnnol H- Tniig^J 
the obarge of KansitB City divUion, I uiDt liim by appointmout at the olOoe in Ksd^^ 
City January 6, 1893, and the transfer of the offlee, records, and other property p^ 
tttming to that diviaiun was effected aeverttl days tlior«Dn«r. 

Asaresatt of a reoonnaissanee of the reach mode at tbnt time Mr. Tones pnfjj 
and Buhiuitled, under date of Janaacy 1^, • revised project for the oxpcndltutr 
funtts available (fAOOO). L'nderdateof Kebraary9,18i)3,Irt«.-eiveilfroiajrf 
of the revised prujuot with the information that it had been approved. 

In brief, it provided for the expenditnrQ of as mnoh of t^c alUituioiit tL, 
nbln on the works Httnat^d below the Uannibal and Bt. .loscpb Bailway B^ 
would be nef essary to plaoe them in B«rviueable eondition, ana to anpljr tfaa'flL 
of [he allotment to reinforcing the Little Platte dikvs and to repair the KaivP 
revetment. The work specified below the hridgci was tlie oxteneion of IHkc* 
about lOOfcet ; the reconstruction of Dikos VII and vIII out to the old line of re«llfi<" 
tion; the repair of the breaks, aggrecatiuK then some 700 or SOO feet, iu EaM B( 
toms revetment; the rein foruing of allthe Kansiis City and Harlem dikn* by plto' 
pile buttresses under their stream ends ; the repair of the brnni^h Jo the ein^H 
part of Dike 111, and the repair of the slight bre.ik at thehead of thoHarleiarr 

Measures were at onee taken with a liew of carrying oat this projnn 
tlon as early in the spring aa possible. 

With the exception of a lot of 83 wbit« oak piles atored at llartem. Uicre wii 
matarial or plant on the Kansas Cit.v division. 

TLo material, excepting hrnsb, needed for the pv^posed repair* lu the dikw > 
tJttl* Platte Bend, and for all of the projected repairs below Iho linuiiibnl and ft 
Joseph llridcG. was purchased in open market for delivery on or before Miweh 20. 

'I'lie Innncliing of the Hoatinr pliint at the Omaha and St, Joseph buatyai* 
which was to be uKod hi Ibe work, was begun as soon as the iue in thv river at tt 
poInU had moved oat. 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4233 

TheIT.8.S.J{eTl and iSa frrina wore put into service inovin;^ the j)ljmt down to 
Kansas City. The former left Jeft'erBoii City lor St. Joseph March 26. She deliv- 
ered the tint tow of hnlls at Kansas City A]>ril 1. Tlie Subrina was put in conimis- 
■ion March 21, and delivered her tirnt tow oC iliroo hulls at Kansas City April *J. 

The 5aArifia delivered her last tow at Kansas City Ma> 10. and was then ordered 
to GMConade, with a tow of three harf^es, for sorvice on tlnit division. 

The J/ert delivered her last tow at Kansas (Mty Juno 8,, and then 1)r<rnn tlit^ deliv- 
ery of the plant from Kansas City to Gasconade. Tho steamer (tanronade d<']ivur(Ml 
twotowiat Kansas City from C)maha; the lirst ono Juno 11, tho socond Juno 23; 
ibe was then pnt in service delivering phmt from tlitTo to Gasconade. 

Up to Jane 90,1893,57 hulls had hecn delivered at Kansas City. n« follows, 
viz: 

By steamer J 7ert 18 hnlls, aggregating 1,5.50 tons, from Omaha, and 9 hulls, ag^e- 
gatingTia^tons, from St. Joseph. The cost of this service was $l),1iM.nt, orJfO.OiOlS 
per ton-mile. 

By steamer ;5a!irtii a, 26 hulls, aggregating 1,855 t«)n», were delivered from St. J<oacph, 
at a cost of $1,297.17, or $0.00738 per ton<mile. 

By steamer Gtuoonade, 4 hulls, aggregating 5-10 tons, from Omaha, at a cost of 
«1,2R8.18, or 10.00625 per ton-mile. 

Before sufficient plant and materials for carrying on work had heen accumulated, 

the April rise came on, and damaged the works hrdow tlie bridge to such an extent 

that a revision of project hecame necessary. The shore line of the main loft hank 

of the river above the Harlem revetment was suhjectcd to erosion that resulted in 

the loss of about 130 feet of that work, and threatened further loss. The breaks in 

the Kast Bottoms revetment wereonlar;;<Ml until they aggregated 1,000 feet in length. 

A revised project was submitte<l, under date of April 28, which provided for the 

repair of the £u8t Bottoms revetment and the extension oi* the Harlem revetment 

upstream about 1,000 feet^ or as far as there was depth of water sutlieient for con- 

ftrnction pnrposes, and its extension downstream about .'UK) feet, to protect the 

■bore end of Dike X; th0 balance of funds, if any remained, to be expended in 

reinforeing the Kansas City and Harlem dikes. 

This project was approved. 

Bast Bottom$ repaivB. — ^Tlie weaving of mattress in East bottoms was begun April 
25 and finished May 11. The total length of mattress woven was 1,401 feet, ot an 
average width of 74.4 feet (see accomi)anying^nap, C-1) and E-K). 

Three breaks, aggregating 250 linear feet in length, were re])air(Ml by rogradingtho 

bank, fairing out the slope with brush, and ballasling well with roek. Hydraulic 

nadingof the upper bank was begun A])ril LM and iinishod May lU: the total length of 

bank sraded was 1,200 feet, the total quantity of earth thus reruoved it.'M^ cubic yards. 

The driving of anchorage piles was begun May "J and llnislie.d May 16; 150 piles 

were driven to an average penetration of 17 feet. The balhiHting oi' mattress and 

npiierbank was finished May 31; 'JjTM.Sii eubie yards of rock were thus expended. 

Harlem revetment extension. — The weaving of mat tress on the Harlem side was begun 

May 5 at a i>oint 875 feet above the head, at that time, of the old Harlem revetment. 

Nine hundred linear feet of mattress, of average width of (»><.y feet, were woven by 

May 17, the lower end lapping the ohl work 2r» feet (see accompanying map, A-K). 

Hydraulic grading for this work was b(>gun May 5 and tinisbed May \'X Kight 

hundred and seventy-four linear feet of bank, involving the removal of •l.!.)!'^ cubic 

yards of earth, were graded. The driving of auj-liorage piles was begun May 17 and 

finiahe^l May 27. Seventy-fonr piles were driven to an average i»enctration of 17 

feet. Owing to shoal water, 11 piles could not be driven. Tlie ballasting of mat- 

treas and up])er bank was finished May '*>! ; l,i>0:t.(i9 cubic yards of rock were thus 

expended. ' 

The following is a statement of the cost of these works, viz: 

Bill ofcoit, repairing 250 linear feet of revetment. East liottonm. 1S(*.'i. 

CIaMifl<'atlon and extent: 

To labor, 8ubsif»t«uf:e, and faol. liydrauUc ffradin^r, :J7 1 c uliio yardn $ n. :Ui 

To labor anil 8iib»mt<*nce, procnrin^ and pln<in;r ijriiMli — '•'> 23 

To labor and nubsiritimoe. pl.iciDg 'Ji>0 cubic yards uf r<M'k ^ rir>. 77 

To material, 250 cabic yards of rock :t 1 7. 1*2 

Total 442. us 



4234 BEPOBT OP THE CHIEF OP ENGINEERS, D. S. AEMY. 
Cott ezftlMi IB ietaU qft,S91 Unear/eet o/reMtiMnt at Harlem ditd Eait Bottom 



ClasBlflnatlon end extent. 


""■'••' 


(uobiWin, 


CiMlper 
linear 


,. 


PniBQris|[l,lBS(Hn4iof'wlUDirbra>h,Tti: 


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185.28 
10.30 

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Meala issiiud to work (iimiibcr).., 
SubBiatcncc, cost jut tapitu per dii 


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»v^3fe -i.^»»-i».j»-*r i»-*^ 



Z Z — REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4235 

»/ 2,S91 Unear feet of revetment at Harlem and East BottomSf 189S. 

nd extent : 

of willow brnali at works, at $1.7208 $1,999.40 

>io yards of rock at works 4.757.79 

rood piles, at 2.5G57 574.73 

ur feet of finch g:il vanized wire strand, at .0118 525. 54 

ids, li-incb, second-band, cable, at .01 192. 80 

Bubsistenoe : 

ig 1,404.64 

age 241.69 

ing 912.44 

listence, and fuel : 

die grading 403.03 

5 anchor piling 414. 85 

tj ezclnsiye of administration, care and repair of plant .. . 11,426.91 

ed on these works was obtained by hired labor. The rock was par 
market, 2,661.55 cubic yards at 83 cents per cubic yard on the bank, 
yards at 84 cents per cubic yard in wagons on barges. The towboat 
formed by the steamer Gattvonade of Hei*mann, Mo., which was ohar- 
nrpose at a rate of $35 per day for the steamer and crew. She was in 
each from April 15 to May 31. 

th estimates of cost, for repair and maintenance of the works on the 
}le Platte Bend to Eundolph Bridge was preparedin accordance with 
Ds, and submitted under date of May 29. 

lie survey of tlic reach from the mouth of the Kansas River to the 
ge was made in the latter part of May, to show changes of flow and 
the work done, as well as for the use of the Commission in the estab- 
arbor line on the reach (a tracing from the map made of this survey 
e report). Snbsequently, in June,' some work was done in the field 
with the municipal engineers of the two cities, to tic or reference 
established by the CommisBion to known fixed points in those cities, 
reach to a scale of 1 incli = 250 feet, showing the harbor line and 
Dints in the streets of Kaunas City, Mo., and Kansas City, Kaus., was 
abmitted with my letter dated June 19, 1893. 

Uty office was closed Juno 30, 1893. At that time there were 28 holla 
lottoms awaiting transportation to Gasconade, 
anel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

S. Waters Fox, 
Division Engineer. 

HAS. R. SUTER, 

rf Engineers f U. S. A.j 

rresidefit Missouri Biver Commission^ 



Appendix E. 

it of mr. samuel h. yont.k, division kxointcfr, kansas city 
[vision, to january, 1893, and osagk division, 1893. 

Missouri Rivkr Commission, 
Office of Division Enuinekr, 

Jefferson City, Mo., July /, 1893. 

lave the honor to submit my report of the operations conducted under 
he work of improving the Missouri River on Kansas City Division, 
sion of First Reach during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1893, as 



MAINTENANCE OF WORKS IN THE VICINITY OF KANSAS CITY, MO. 

nt belonging to the work of improving the Missouri River in the 
sas City, Mo., was transferred to the First Reach in the fall of 1891, 
provement were constructed during the part of the tiscal year that 
inder my charge. 

i were made of obstructions at several of the bridges in the vicinity 
, Mo., viz: at the Union l^ucitlo Railway Bridge and the Riverview 



423G REl'ORT or THK CHIEK OF KSOINEERS, U. 8. AltMV. 

llriilKfl anrosa tlio Kunsnn RWer, in Anga«l auilKi'i.'"''!'"''' '"'''^ ''"'" ■ |••■'■^■■ 
the Hnniiilial nnd St. Joseph Ruilmud Bridgu noru-- 
her, l«;i2. 

Tlio i-inininiitiona at tlie two former Twidsw wdfi i 
of tlie liririRiis had ciHdpliei! niUi the orilereOflln' ii- 

by tftiiiDving tUo obstruiitiouB tlipy hnil pUcpil in l.lir' imi imu. i m m^ 

at Ibo Ittltcr liriilRo oii uccoant of the uomtilftint <il' Uk1« c:l.ii|iii.i»ii, iiiuiswj 
sMnmliout AVufit. (>ni))luyeil io towing hoikI at Knnsn« (.'Ity, that tJin tatlieod-cn 
pBuy hiiilpliuifdfuUeworlisadroBSthncliannel of the rivor foi the purpiMOuftm 
ine n nuw dtnw epnn. 

The river wiia cloBed by ice and all Davigation siispeuded a ahm-l. tiiiia *fttf 
IiittereitaiuiDutioii nnemnde. 

A low-water BHrrcy wos mftile in Novemher, 1893, of the reach between Lower* 
Bend and Uaudolpb Bridge. 

TbeevprndituregonacuoontoftbeaboreesnminiitionsandBnrvev, InplndiMJi 
of oOiee auil Iravoliug fiKjieiisRs, amounta to $GS8.t5. 

The iuiiiruv^niunt works in the vicinity of Kansas City, Mo., \f 
DWiaion Ena'oeut S. Waters For, .lanuary B, 1893. 



Projecl». —DaTioe; the fispal vear ending .lune 30, 1891', ten of the dibos pi-r— ^ 
the original project of April 16, 1891, vir., Nos. 1, 2, 3, fl, 10, 11, 13, ISA. ISB. «■ 
were nearly coiiiplBted. Five other di ken. viz, 16 and 17, beloi 
project, aui O, P, q of the project of Febninry 9, 1892. werp li' . 
my last annual rejiorl. No great progreRB, tiowtsver, was niail< 
named, on account of tbe high ataEe of watur tliat prevailed » 1 1 

There Btill reoiDined to be constructed nt tlic clone of the In.-' 
plete approved prnjeeta, tbe whole of Dikes 18, 19, 20, 21, niiil . 
pBi-ta ot 16, 17, P, And Q on th« left bunk, nnd all of Dikes 17n, U 
the right bunk. 

Unifcr dale of Jnly 11, 18!>2, a plan waa anbinittcd for Pon«tructiiig tbrwdlW 
tbe foot of Cedar Iiland, vi/, Y.V', and Y", for the pnrnoseof prox'on tinea (W 
high Rliiges of water alone tile Callitwnv Connty abotfi tbroogb tbo brencliM 
in title iiiinmpletepiirta of Dikes 1,2, nndS diinng Ibo floiid of May, 1883; -'" 
teen forcing the latt«r dikes. I was notified by yon on July ID of tbe Cor 
npiiruval of thia plnn. 

Uiiiler data of August Id, 1892, a project wai anbinittcd for protncttng 
Doudliy 11 nivntment 15,000 fefit lonpr. Tbeohjocta of l.lie revetment wtrn li.,--|3 
the dikca nt Cedar City fVtim being flanked by theerocinn of tho bond, nodwtf 
Ijiin a Htnble regimen in tbe bend and iu the reaob below it. I vtim nolifiMl V 
AngnstSO of the approval of tbia project by tbn Coniiiii'<sii)u, and ulao nf Ul~ 
the pro.icot of Kebrnnry 9, ISHL', coveting the conBtrnrtion of Liikee A, f ' 
E, at Codnr City, and wna directed by jon to proceed with the ni 
vrorka oa opportunity olfcred. 

Tbe DonBtruotion of two earth danui, one aeroas tbo head of tbe old ^ 
Creek, tbe other aerow the hpad of Cedar Uland Slongb, wan uIbo ai 
the eumu time. The former dnm wae made nenesaary iiy tbo river 1. 
Cedar Creek, "wbitb formerly imptic<l into tbe MiBSonri River at Cedar CtW. 
rendering rtoiit-off possible thrnnffh tbe old creek bed hotwepn tbe nppBT^ 
Mnrraye Bond and the shore end of the Cedar City dikes: the la.tt«r to nrtm 
flow of river water aroniid Cedar Island and behind Dikes P and Q, — 

Under date of March 21, 18!<3,a revised project for oxtonding tbe wolkl 
ment to^lRbell, lielow Horda CroasinK- was Bnbmitted. Itwaspropoa'' 
Jeot to modify that of Febraary 17, 1892, below IHke 17, by training tk, 
long tangunts connected at their interseetion by a short swing. Ui« » 
to extcnii to COle Shdb Dessein BtulT. tbe lower one from CAte Saaft Z^ 
bluff contact iiumediately above Isbelli alao to »hnt out the flow ofjB 
Blver into Osage Cbote by » brn«h and stone daio extending 2 or 3 fMU 
W. The cbangea made ueccMury in the plans of the dikes by the abovaH 
of project consi.itod ot* extending Dikes I7a. 18a, and l!)a 1,000 feet in (1 
and of making Dihee 19, 20, 21, and 22, which had not been carried an 

Bed new lines of rectilicatton, :j,GOO feet shorter in tbe aggrugaie than u 

isigned. 

Tbe now works proponed in the project of March 21, 1SB3. consisted of 21 # 
with a total length of 3!),830 feet, a mattress dam about 3.900 feet loae 1nt*f 
the head of Dodds Jiibind and Osage Point, uud 4.800 linear fent nf tnTDtimiBL J| 
the latter work, 3,000 feet waa proposed for proteiiting Ibal Iruglb of b»Jl' 
north side of the river opposite and below llunuots Mill, and 1,800 ft!«t a 
th>ut of t^e material yard at Bonoots Mill. 



design 



[ 



APPENDIX ZZ — ^REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVKK COMMfSSlON. 4237 



Under date of Murch 22, 1803, » preliniinnry projort and oHtiinato of co-st of coin- 

gAtlngthd systematic impri)Voiiieiit of tbc river to thi' blutV contMct at rortluutl, 
0., "wod 8ul)mitte<l. 

Aa th« con^tTUctiou of the revetiiUMit at Iktnuots Mill wan an iiiiiiipdiate neci-Hsity, 

topreveut the materiul yard from boinj^ wjisiu-d away, your ai)])n)val for prooeediiig 

> viUi that work was given in your It.-t i or c»f April li. I \v oh also direct^-d by you, 

, about the same time, to extend DikoB 17A, ISA, and li^A in acconlance with the pro- 

i Jeet of March 21, 1893. 

Under date of June 3, 1 was nuth(U'i/i d bv you to coiiHtruct thi.' following; W(»rkH, 
Til, Dikea27,28,29,34,35,86,33a,34a.:C>a,:;r)a; also The outer paits of Dikes 24,25. 
ud2S. 

DJKK CONciTHUCriON. 

IHk€ 1. — The river had fallen sufliciently by .July 20 t^) allow field operatiouK to be 
Rtumed, and the workof reeonstnn-tin«rtbo part of Dike 1 which had bcenbreaehed 
inrlDg the high water of the preceilin*^; May wa^ begun. 'Hiis work consiHted of 
fiODStnicting about I,S40 feet of 3-row dike about ItO feet abf)ve the line of the old 
Aike and parallel to it. The ii«»w part of the dike is eonntMted with the servirrable 
part of the old work and laps it about 20 fe«*t. This diki' w.is entin-ly coniideted 
Angn8t22, at whieh time the river had fallen to such an extent that the jdant wan 
nmoved with great difliculty. 

^ During the pro^reds of the^vork ]ar<;e quantities of straw, which had been thrown 
into the river by farmoru threshing wheat, aceumulated under and in front of the foot 
■At. This caused a scour to set in under the mat, and int'ivased thesurface exposed 
. tothe current, so as to make it neceH.sary on severii] oeeasioiiH to suspend mat wcav- 
{uand sink the mat to prevent its being torn louse from the uioonn»r piles. 

Gravel beds were firequeutlv eucouutured in pile .sinking, whieh made that work 
difflcult. 

On the completion of Dike 1, one working ]iartv was movt:d toDike^ !* and Q. ami 
tka other to the sites of Y' and Y '. 

Before very much had been aecomplitshed on Tlur^e diivcs work had to bt^ Huspended 
lad the plant moved away, as the dikes had bfeonie inaeecsiiible to the Bteaniboats 
80 account of shoal water on the ero8King>. 

lHk§ P. — Pile>sinkin^ at Dike P was begun August G. and tin* construction of the 
£ke proceeded with till AugU8t 20, when the plant hnd t4> be removed. 

The length of the dike constructed is 338 feet; it is situated 30 feet above the old 
Tork, which it laps 100 feet. 

The pile-sinking was diilicult on account of quicksand and ])ocketA of gravel. 

Dike Q. — When work was resuun'd at Dike Q on August 4 the water in front of 
tkeold work for a distance of 200 feet was found to[,be io(» shallow to float tlie pile- 
■iiker. It was therefore necessary to leave a t^ap of that leiigtli across which the 
botmat was coustriictud. The dike wue extended r)(K) feet ami a wing constructed 
•tits extremity. On Angnst 21 work had to be suspended and the ])Iant removed 
ftwB the dike for reasons given above. 

Work waa resnmed in the 200-foot gap April 14. Heibre the gap could be closed, 
Mweyer, the pile-sinker had to bo removed on account of a rapid fall of the river. 
Pile-sinking for extending the dike was then begun, but before much progress was 
■»de a violent storm occurred, in which the pile-sinker, whose hull was old and 
inseaworthy, was swamped ami sunk. 

•As tlie other serviceable pile-sinkers were engaged on other dikes, work was sus- 
pended and the party sent to Hon not s Mill to con•^truct a n.'Vetnient in front of the 
»»t<rialyard. 

^Vork was resnmed at Q June .3. 15y June J), the gap wms closed and the dike 
•rteuded about 205 feet. At this time work was interrupted tor two dayh by high 
*itfr, after which the dike was extended about 370 feet. As the slnut: of water was 
■otlow enough to carry the dike any further without ]daciug it at too high an ele- 
ction, a wing was constructed and work suspended .lum- 17. IMle-driving on the 
wterzOO feet of this dike was very hard, and a number of the oak piles were split 
* driving. 

IHU r.— The length of Dike V completed is 262 feet. The i)iles at the 8hore«ml 
« the dike for a distance of S2 fret couhl not be sunk, as the water was too shallow 
|j|float a pile- sinker. Work was begun August 9 and <lis<<jntinued August 20, for 

rule same reasons as ut Dikes V and (,). 
hi the early part of December the s<'reening was attneluMl to the dike and the 
'<<Wniat extended to the top of the main bank and ballasted. 
iHkeY", — Work at this dike was begun August 4 and discontinued August 22, 
*fter4l4 feet of the dike was con^tructed. 

As the height of the pile^^ above the fi>ot mat near the shore end for a distance of 
*l)Oot 200 feet was over 20 feet, a set of longitudinal and transverse braces were 



4238 BEPOKT OF THE CHIEF OK ESQINKKHa, U. S. ARMT. 

uttarhAd to the piles ,{aBt above the n-nter liii«. Tliiit wnrk w.i« doiii' anil Ilia 
init attJiehi-il tti the piles iii Deceuiber. 

Wketi It IiBCiuiie linpoBailile to proceed fnrt.lier 'nitb Ibe hIiuve <likf<«, t|]« et 
tion of Dikes 17, IS, 19, 20, 31. 22, also ITa, iSa, nu<l liin, wrb tnhen nji «l 
eeedeil with iia oppuitoiiity offered or circnuiHtnnutn penuitted till llrld niwrttU 
were suapended on acconnt of winter. 

'lltB construction of those dikes ooiild not be proceeded with contJniioiMiT, « 

yraa ftfiquently liit«rrapt«d by hitviog to tnove the jilmit rTouionedilce tc 

aouount of deep wattir anil swift curreDtx, or to Buspi-nd \Tork on » lUhe temvti 
to avoid dosing the steaiaboat ehnnnel, or to delay pilo'siiihln^ uolU th«Cl 
liaoiiDer was available from some other dike for drivinK pilM iiitn KrtiTclbs 
ConBiderablo time was ioat and expense iucuired on account of the HteumucMls ^^ 
liarges loaded with ooDBti'uction material getting agruoDil and haviiij; to trnnshrM 
inatiTtal to other barges, or by havinfi to get the bargee to the ilibus lijt hand. 

Diken.—Thartoi^ of exteudiugDikelT, of which 130 feet liad been eonsttis 
■luring the Innt fiscal year, was begun August 18. The Tii'st two bonta uf pile**' 
driven with the Cram hummer, on acODUut of the foot mat, dOSStluct^M' <- -— ' 
extending beyond the pile striioture. 

ThejiJlKH for the rest of the dike, excepting the ant.ci 150 feet, which i 
with the Cram hammer, were sunk with the watet jot. 

The peuetratiiiiia obtained with the siiike; for l.ln- Brut . jf ' ' 



tieyuud. that pi 

ttat« pockets oi gmvei. as soi 
by the pile -sinker, the Cram hi 
There were three iutormissio 
24 to 30, ou account of huvinj; 
September 7, " ' ""' 

which could 



i difficult im accoiiut of havinG W^ 
I of the piles were ont pivfU Hiilficisnt per"" 
mcr was used fordriviua tlmmdrmn. 
in tho oonstnwtioii of thiailil-'- •'■■ '■'■'■ 
uae the pjle-sinkor nl Uikt i<* ' 

ucoouutof 111* dike hdving been carried lo tl.. 

bt! crossed without olflsing nnvif^ntiou, and 1 1 



September 23, ou account of haviug to wait till theC'ri 

otMr work. Pile-driving was coiin>loted SeptdHbi 

pUted October 6. The progress of the work was slow, ou aeeonut of theilWi 

of jntting barg«a with malerial to lliedike. Must of tlie barges hud t< 

by hwid t]iTuu):h crooked cbuuuele, aud often got oeruiiud, makiug it i 

tranifiir the materiiil lo otiier barges. 

IHkt 75.— Uike 18 was begun August 20. Work woe auspeii<l"<l \>:.:>i^ 
piU-sinkcr was required at Uike ISA. Work was reanmcil A u ;. 
till Ansusl 31, when it was ajjain suspended, aa uny Dirther ' > 

would have carried it across thesteamboul chrmnel. Work "n- .uni -i 

8,iuid the dike carried to within about 60 feet of the line of i,;i.,i-.lw . 
hod to be stopped, on acconnt of reachiug shallow wnt'-r. About 2utlfcut at Uul* 
end of tlie dike was conatruoted with four rowe of pili.-s ; this part of the fll' 
abo Rtreu^Uieued by a system of braces ucSt the wutrr luie. 

In carryiug on the pilB-siuking at Dike 18, poukels of gravol were o 
encountered; good penetrations, however, were generally obtninod. The, 
the work on this dike was slow, on account of the same diSli-ulUen being ei 
in getting plant and material to the dike us at IT. _ 

Dike 79.— Pile-sinking was begnn at l>ike lH September 2. and ('uiitiuae<l UttS^ 
lember 6, but as penetrations of only 15 feel could be given witli the plie-^iall' 
ai3Connt of graTel and clay, the pUee put in by the siuKcr were drivpu down JlJ 
Cram liammer, und further work was suspended till October 16, whtm p" 
was resumed with the Cram hninmer. 

Pile-driviug was tinished October 21, and the dike finally oomplelud rar*l> 
of ISSfeet November 29. The outer 146 feet of this part of the (like luufrffir 
of piles, and hae an extra set of bracda similar to Dike 18. The dike conU M 
extended in the fail any further on account of its running iutoHliallowvallCi 

Work was resumed May 39, 1893. By Julie S the piles werp driven ud Ikjfl 
mat woven and «nnk for 190 feel, Work hud then to be suspended ou ■coOMI j 
sudden rise in the river, which allowed only sufituieut time* to Hltt 
bracing to the piles. 

Pile-driving was resumed June IS and completed June 31. I'he dikeW 
pleted, excepting a part of the screening, June 2j. I1iis latter woric oaali 
completed on acconnt of a sadden lise in the river. 

Dike «!.- The construction of Dike 20 was begun August 111, ■ 
nendedAugust23.BasnfflcientpenetrationsGoul(ruolbeohtuiTi'' ' 
Work was resumed October 22 with the Craui hammer, und 'J:"i 

Eleted Kovember 1. It was not extended any further, as uavi/ 
Bve been obstructed. The autei''iSt> feet of this work is EouaUu. .., 

of piles. 

IHk« •/.-The piles on Dike 21 were driven with the Cram humnvr, U WinrM 
iiunoBBildc to get proper peuetrntions with the water jet on ot^ouot afgisT^a 
and wi-eck heaps. 



APPENDIX Z Z REPORT OF MISSOURI mVER COMMISSION. 4239 

The dike was be^n September 16; work snspenOed St^pteinbor 21, and rfsuniod 
September 27. About 500 feet of dike, except the screen iiijj^, \va8 completed by Octo- 
ber 21. The oater 330 feet of the dike consists of four mn's of piles. Tlie sliore end, 
for a distance of 72feet>, consists of crilt work, um ])iles ronld not be <Irivcn on iM'count 
0f a flat foreshore. The dike was not constrnct4*d full Jcngtli, as it would have 
rroesed the steamboat channel and closed navij^atiim. The screening was attaclied 
before operations were snspoudcd in the winter. When the river opened in Febru- 
arj, the outer end of the dike was exposed to the full force of the ice, and 135 feet 
of the pile structure, adjacent to tiie wing, was broken down. The breach was 
lepaireu between March 15 and April 1, the work being interrupted by heavy-running 
ice and stormy weather. 

Dike S^S. — ^This dike was begun August 22, and by Se])temb6r 10 was completed for 
a leniarth of 1,062 feet. The pile-sinking was hard und slow on a<*count of gravel. 

Dike 17a, — All of the jdles in Dike 17u were driven witii the Cram hammer, excfrpt- 
iofir foi* 1^ f*B®t- next to shore, where bed rock was cx])oscd or slightly covered with 
■and and gravel. This part of the dike consists of pile bents, which were brace<l 
ftnd tnen lowered from the leads of a pi1(>-sinkcr to the rock bottom. 

The bents were subsequently anchored by tilling in with loose stone to a stage of 
aboat 3 feet alM>ve S. L. \V. Pile-driving was begun .September 7 an<l wiis completed 
September 15. The other wojk on the dike was carried on intermitt'i.'utly, when the 
plant could be spared from other dikes. The dike was finally completed to the point 
proposed in the amended project ol' February 17, 1892, December 15. 

During the breaking up of the ice in February, 1803, 13 piles were broken off 
at tlie stream end of the dike. This <lamage was repaired early in March. The 
deep water and rapid current at the stream end of the dike i^revented its being 
extended in the spring, as proposed in the project of March 21, 1893. 

DU^ 18a. — The bottom at Dike I8a is similar to that at Dike 17a. Pile-driving was 
b^nn with the Cram hammer August 25, and was carried on till Angus: 31, when an 
attempt was made to put in piles with a sinker. As penetrations of only 17 to 18 
feet, however, could be obtained by this means, the (.ram hauim<>r was moved to the 
dike September 3 and the driving coiiijdeted ^September 6. Seventy-live feet of the 
shore end consist of framed bents, which were constructed and tilled around with 
stone in the same manner as at I )ike 17a. The dike was completed December 6 as far 
as proposed in the project of February 17, 18i)2. 

The work of extending this dike in accordance with the project of March 21, 1893, 
waa begun May 22. Deep water and the swift current at the end of the dike made 
it necessary to place the exttmsion (.K) feet above the old work, with a lap of 72 feet. 

By May 26 the pilcrf were driven for about 100 feet of the extension, and a 2-row 
dike, connecting it with the old work, constructed. Further work was then pre- 
Tented by the river rising over tlie ])ile8. 

Dike 19a, — Pile-driving with the Cram hammer was begun at 19a August 18, and 
continued till August 25, when the hammer was removed to one of the other dikes, 
where the driving was more ditlicult. Pile-sinking was then begun und carried on 
for two days, the dike being carried to the steamboat channel. 

By September 28 the channel had widened, so that the dike could be extended 
about 200 feet, farther. Pile-sinking was accordingly resumed, and continued till 
Ckstober 5. When the snag boat reached this dike on her way down the river, Octo- 
ber 16, the channel left outside of the dike was bardy wide enough to allow her to 
pass. The dike was linally com])leted. for a length of 5X1 feet Noveuiber 19. 

Work was resnmetl May 11 and continued till May 27, when it had to be Husp(>ndefl 
onaccoimtof the river rising over the dike. J)uring this period 609 feet of dike 
was constructed. The new work laps the old about 'A) feet, and was place<l Xi] feet 
above it, as the de]>th of water at the end of the work constiucted in the fall was 
too great to allow a direct connection being made. 

Thcold and new work were conmrcted by a 2-row dike. At the time oj)erati<ms were 
suspended there was no op])ort.unity, on account rd' the suddenness oi' the rise, for 
constructing a wing. By June 15 the river had fallen several feet, and this was 
done. 

In the meanwhile, however, the outer 75 feet of piling was bent over by an accu- 
mnlatiou of driftwood. 

Xo further work was done at the dike u]) to June 30 on account of a channel :^) feet 
deep having been scoured out at its extremity, and also as it was not considered 
advisable to extend the dike without at the same time extending 17a and ISa, which 
was not feasible, on acctnint of the depth of the water, being 43 feet at the former 
And 30 feet at the latter. 

Dike 7.?. — Tlie outer i:i5 feet of Dike 13 could not be constructed during the fiscal 

J ear of 1892 on account of shallow water. The bar was wa^hed away (luring the 
Igh water of 1892, and in the early part of .Scpteinbrr the water was low enough 
to allow the dike to be extended. Work was begun Se]itember 8, the dike carried 



4240 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEP:RS, U. S. ARMY. 

to the line of rectificatioD, sdcI a wiu^ constructed under the Htream end. The di 
was comvleted (October 11. 

Dike ISa. — Tlie repairs made t« Dike 13a connisted in reconstructing about 200 f4e«^ 
at the stream end. A wing 50 feet long was al»»o eoiiRtructOil. Work was begun Sep- 
tember 8, and the dike complet<Ml September 21, excepting the screening, which was 
attached in October. 

Dike iSb. — Ah it was impossible to get a pile-sinker to the shore behind Dike 13b, tv \ 
extend the pile structure back to where tue bank had been eroded diuing the dood 
of May, 1892, the gap was closed by stretching two three-fourths inch cables 10 fetJt 
apart in the same vertical plane between the dike and a dead man placed on the tup 
of the main bank opposite and above the forrner end of the dike (see Plate IX). 

The usual screening was attached to the cables. A mattress 45 feet wide wais 
laid in front of the screening and one 12 feet wide behind it, the edges of the mut- 
tress adjac-ent to the lower cablb being wired to it. One end of the mattress was 
extended up the shore, to prevent flanking from bank erosion, and the other over 
the foot mat of the dike. The above repairs were made between November 10 
and 16. 

About 100 feet at the strenni end of this dike was constructed to close a breach of 
66 feet made during the flood of May, 1802. The new work laps the old 17 feet •* 
each end. It was begun September $) and completed .September 16. 

On completing the above repairs one of the construction parties was moved "^ 
Cedar City, and the construction of the Cedar City group begun. 

The greater parts of Dikes B and C extend across a shore bar, which is not entir^w 
submerged excepting at a stage of nearly standanl high water. For tliis reaifi* ^^ 
only about one-sixth of B and two-thirds of C could be entirely completed duri-^"^ 
the fall. The entire foot mat of both dikes, however, extending to the main ba^::^*' 
was constructed and ballasted before work wiw suspended on account of winter. 

Dike B. — Pile-sinking on Dike B was begun at the out-er edge of the sand bar O^*^*^ 
tember 17, and completed to the stream end of the dike, a distiince of 331 feet, S^^^^ 
tember 30. This part of the dike was entirely completed October 7. It was sab 
qnently decided to construct the remainder of the foot mat across the bar tothemi^ 
bank, a distance of 1,470 feet. The mat was begun N(»vember 21 and completr 
December 10. As barges loaded with material <'.onUl not be brought closer to the' 
than 175 feet, the brush had to be carried by hand for that distance, loaded on wugoi. 
and hauled out on the line of the dike. The stone was lauded 1^ miles above 
dike, from which point it was hauled on wagons to the foot mat. 

The foot mat was thoroughly ballasted and its upper edge anchored by cast-ire^-'' 
disks buried 5 feet below the surface of the gi-ouud. 

Pile-sinking was resumed March 22, but was constantly intcrru))ted and delave^ 
by having to move the Cram hammer or the pile-sinkers from the dike to prevent 
their getting aground. After June 10, the river was not high enough to carry on pil^ 
sinking, ana there still remains 368 feet of the dike for which the pile-driving, brac- 
ing, and screening have to be constructed. 

Dike (\ — Pile-sinking was begun Ii5ei>temb»^r 16 and completed for 1,204 feet of dike 
October 18. About ten days were lost on account of the dealers furnishing piling 
not kee]>ing up the sui>ply*of that mat<.>rial. The dike was completed for the above 
distance, excepting the screening, October 22. 

The foot mat was subseciuently extended to the main bank. The brush and atone 
for the mat were gotten to the dike in the same manner as at B. Pile siukiiig and 
driving were resumed in the latter part of March. This work was frequently inter- 
rupted and delayed by having to move the xdant from the dike on account of flactna- 
tions in the stage of water. The di^e was completed, with the exception of 75 feet 
at the shore end, June 15, After this date no work could be done on account of the 
water at the tlike being too shallow to llojit a sinker. The pile-sinking on this dike 
was hard and slow, jis x>ockets of gravel were frequently encountered. 




w 



Dike D, — The ^'oustruction of I>ik<' I.) was commenced March30, and was proceeded 
ith almost continuously till the dike was completed May 21. 




with three rows of ]>ih'8, liegai; to careen. 

Most of the piles on this dike were sunk with pile-sinkers. 

The methods employed in constructing dike work during this year's operations 
were essentially the same as those followed laat year. The only departure of any 
imi>ortance in the details of construction described in my last annual report waa 
made for the higher parts of some of the dikes across channels which wore in proc- 
ess of bein^ closed. In these ca^es the foot mat was made slightly wider, fonr or 
live rows ol piles used instead of three, and extra bracing attached to the piles About 
midway between tlie ground and the top of dike. 



F 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4241 

Daring the opening of the river in Febrnary the ice piled up over the tops of 
•ome of the dikes, without doing them any in^jury. The damaj^e sustained at tho 
outer ends of Dikes 17a and 21 was cauHed by innnenso cakes of heavy floating ice, 
having in two instances areas of over 20 acres, shearing off or breaking down the 
pileii. With this exctption and that of 75 feet of dike bent over at the end of 
biko 19a, described above, no loss of dike work wassustaiue<l. 

A r^nm<^ of pile-driving and pile-sinking for the whole year is given in the fol- 
lowing table. This table does not include mooring pilcs^ of which 461 were sunk 
and driven: 





Noraber of piles, avera^ penetration, and 
method of sinking. 


Number or letter of dike. 


Wnterjet. 


Cram hammer. 




XiimlKT. 
469 


Average 
penetra- 
tion. 


Nombcr. 


Arerage 

JM'IH'trH- 

liun. 


1 ; 


20.8 






u 


60 
92 


22.0 

20.4 






13a , 






13b 


49 . 19.5 






17» 


*117 

tl97 

;250 

§71 

24 

205 

121 

250 


17.6 


Ite 


8 
142 
300 
330 

48 
18 


18.0 
19.8 
20.2 
20.3 
21.5 
19.7 


20.0 


29a 


22.2 


17 


22.3 


18 


23.1 


19 


23.0 


90 


22.1 


jl 


21.6 


22 


38fi 

ins 

261 
416 
r>03 
.-»9l 
103 
151 


18.4 
20. 
19.2 
21.3 
10.7 
21. 5 
21.9 
21.2 




p 






Q 


181 
76 
84 
75 


23.3 


8:::::.::::::....:::: :: :. 


24.7 


c 


22.8 


D 


23.1 


Y* 




Y" 








1 






Total 


4.077 


20.3 


1.660 


22.2 







• T wen ty-fonr piles driven to bed rook. 

t Tliirty' piles drivjm to bed ro<:lc. 

X Eight piles sunk to refusal by sinker, afterwards driven down by Cram hammer. 

§ Five piles sunk to refusal by sinker, afterwards driven down by'Cram hammer. 

It will l>e noticed that the Cram haminvr was used to greater or less extent for 
driving piles on most of the dikes. In some cases its use was indispensable. 

The hulls of all the old pile-sinkers used in carrying on operations in the spring 
were almost unfit for service, and the new hulls now nearing completion will have 
to be nsed on fiiture work. 

In conducting oneratiuus in the fall it was sometimes impossible to get enough 
laborers to make the working parties I'ully efficient. 

Notwithstanding the uncommon diflirarties that were encountered, the time lost 
in moving plant, and the going into effect of the eight-hour law, 17,122 feet of dike 
and 4,700 feet of revetment were completed and 630 feet of dike partly constructed. 

ENa 93 206 



4242 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 
The folio wiag table shows the extent of dike work completed: 



1 

1 ' 


^^nrabe^. 
ur letter' 
ufdike. 


Lengths in feet. j Toi 

1 


lis. 

J] 
gw 


Group. 


1 
2-row. ' 3-row. 


1 
4.row. 1 5-row. 


; 

In dike. 

i 


OpAot Pitv 


B 
C 
D 


*49 • 1,443 
*50 ! 1,667 
*58 1,727 


i 


1,492 
1,717 
1,990 






1 




1 
I 
1 


147 j 58 




1 
Tof al 


157 4,837 


147 : 58 












.__,._.-.! 




i !nf1nr TMlnnd . ... 


P 


*49 338 
t252 1, 231 


1 


387 
1,483 




1 


1 




1 


*'! 




1 
TotAl 


301 1, 569 


! 




1 




Y' 

Y" 










• 1 

fTftfl Ar SIoii ffh . . . 


*44 i 262 
*43 i 414 


* 




306 
457 


















Total 


87 676 










1 








frt^nnn T .......*»..... 




1,337 


1 


1,337 


I 
i 




' 


Total 




1,337 


1 






i:{ 

13A 

i:jB 




• 




Sarlans Xaliiiid 


*51 
*50 


135 
218 
126 


; 


186 




• 


268 1 




■•" : 


126 






' 




' 


Total 


101 


479 








17 

18 

19 

20 

21 
oo 

— 






Harkfirftv illfl .t.»- -,t--. -, 


*60 

'**ji33' 
♦116 

*5e 

*49 


1,034 

760 

559 

30 

154 

1,062 




1,094 




198 ; 

146 ' 

260 

346 

1 


9:>8 
838 
406 
556 
1,111 


i 










Total 


414 


3,599 


9r)0 


' 




~I7A 
18A 
lOA 




35G 




Osage 


§119 

lliu 

HUG 


: 


475 


515 


■ 


6'ii> i 




1.190 


i 


1.306 ■ 




1 




1 ; 


Total 


349 


2 0(1 1 






I 




1 ! 




1 1 


i 




i 


i 


i ' 



* "Wing. 

t Two wJiigB — 101 feet, and 151 feet main dike. 

♦ Two wings. 
^59 feet wing. 
J 61 foet wing. 

Tl 86 feet connection between old and new work, and 30 feet wing. 

The details of the cost and extent of each class of dike work constructed 
the year are coutained in the following statements: 



dm 



Detailed statement of drirbttj dike piles. 



Letter or number of dike. 



« .. 

1) . 

Q . 

17a 

18a 

19a 

17.. 

IS ., 

19. 

20. 

21. 



Totals. 



Quantities of material. 



Extent 
of 

,T,?«Ji.T^' Native- ' White- 
ofpil^^^l^l'^l^-^^^Pi^^'- 



76 

84 

75 

181 

119 

200 

251 

66 

24 

205 

121 

250 



Lin. feet. Lin. feet. 
3,126 I 



-a ' 



.1,218 

1,390 

7.076 

1.960 

5, 296 

9,508 

230 

976 

6,204 

5, 234 

10. 086 



1,780 



2,526 
2,410 



1,988 
'i,'642 



1, 652 54, 004 



Coal. 



Buthels. 
225 
280 
122 
170 
239 
187. 25 
417. 67 

99 

50 

380.5 
275. 25 
606 



Cost. 



Material 



I^abor I 
and Hub- ! Tota 
siiiteucc. i 



$rt69.60 
385. 87 
458. 08 
798. 75 
656.02 
998. 89 

1, 094. 39 
361.72 
113.14 
994.83 
607. .•>0 

1,245.23 I 



$192. 46 
154. ('5 
140. 22 
201.97 
29(). 06 



313. 


:)8 


463. 


81 


73. 


40 


52. 


23 


234. 


65 


183.90 


580.06 



10, 346 3. 051. 67 I 8, 084. 02 | 2, 886. 25 

I I I 1 



IS 
5 
h 

1.0 
9 

1.;- 
i 

1.; 



Average cost per pile = $6.64+. 



IPPEHDIX Z Z— 


BEPOST OF MI8S0UBI SIVEE COMMISSION. 


4243 


^-.J'?' 


QoaDtlllM a 


mileriiLl. 


Cont. 




a 


inmbrr 


a.]ll<il<». 


White- 


CatUiD- 

pll«. 


ChI. 


.P°U. 


.plt«.l 


Lul>or>nd 


TolMl. 




11« 
W 
3N 

n 

at 
m 

3M 


15. BU 

.si 

ti;»M> 

1.TM 

TM 

tl.lWl 


^Tg 





Sutli. 

"i 

121 
M 


Pounrfl. 


71 

3a 


tl.M0.7S 

J! Malta 

i.BMiia 
mos 

ffil.M 
1,181.03 

1,3+0,70 
WHS 


in. S3 

11S.M 

407! M 
TU.35 
IK. 33 


3,401.09 
















::::::: 


a,4Tl.0B 

8(14.66 
B4.H 

I,SM.4I 


•i'i 




a.1 io 1 10 
















1 Nt 


in.w 


IMS^i - 


s,«»| soal i,d:3 i<,MO,iM 


8, III). 40 


23,051.38 


f i.^: 


• co.tp 


erpUe^fi-OH. 











QiumtlUctnfmi. 


l^riil. 


c«t. 


I«tUrornDmb«<ifdlk(. 


NHtim. Whit*. 
wUtptk-4. oikpll«. 


Cm], 


UaMrial. 




,.... 




^ 


UntaTfl. Lintar/t. 




lis. 43 

4! 2ft 
3S.K 


"fi 

94! 08 

1T.7S 


IMS 








































z. 








_ 













d/ ninking mooring piltt. 



^ttersriiaBlwror 






Q 


nun til i« 




1 


C«t. 




Kulive- 
plTe.. 


Cntlnn- 

WDOll 

pil«, 
L(b./( 


Co.!. 


7hv i t.1,v ! 
ItDBl. |l,,.-h UatBritl. 
■i|>ilig«. ,,,ik..«. 


Lihoruid 


T«U1. 


, 


90 
II 

s 

3S 

u 

S2 


i,uo 

148 

BOB 
•88 


*,». 


16..J i.^.. ! 


HS.S7 

II 

to!r« 

138. Tl 
KM 
30.88 

siies 

114.87 

11 

loeiift 


ffl-S 




iV 

i,ue 

84S 

28X 

lie 


8! 

ia> 

48 


12 

15 


«',4e 

41 ' 242.80 

! a8.7i 

4li.*» 

M.TO 










l^^EEE: 


T8.SJ 










»^ 


M,4I 












1 i |s 

!::::::::] K 






































ISO 


10, «7 




,.-.» 


•••"" 










1 



AT8ti(» OMtpw an* — IT.4T+. 



4244 BETOBT OF THE CHIEF OP BKQIHBEBS, V. S. A,BMY. 
Detailed itatenttnt of mmving foot nutt. 





irork. 


QuintillM Pf 




Co.t. 


cf dike. 


Brtirt. 


<^i>il. 


'"'"■ 1 <»bl«. 


MateriuL 


Labor and 






uo!w3 

si 

ai;i74 

»>55 

3e>J8 

so! 023 


OinU. 

«;o.s 

MO. 33 
B8D.I 

m.s 

420:2s 
2oa 


FM. 

10. TOO 

e.2s« 
lisuo 

MM 
M,'7M 

1 

Is 


lai ::;::;:. 


11,4.18.84 4tji'!.04 
],.73.S9 i;iBO.« 
2,348.29 1,743.3S 

BAB. 18 297.4ft 
1,278.86 B4S-SS 

838 ea 291.33 

■»t.W 292. (W 
672! 14 m78 

1,318.29 etu.eo 

<5B:8S 42S:71 




















































MJ 350 






















































Total 


i.iii.ssi 


7.434.BS 


133,840 


BTS ] nSO 


io.B;e,U|i2,7ie.ii|' 



■t per 100 aqnan ftet=tS.S4. 

DelaOeA tiaUmeut of linking foot m 



Anns* OMt per 1 



r 



AWBHPIX 2 Z — ^BEPOBT OF UlgSOUBI EITEB OOUMISSION. 4245 
Dttailtd itatfmtnt of braeltig diket. 









Cort. 


^^•i'SC"'^ 


„"i. 




■piku. 




LDinber. 


HaUiiial 


:sS 


ToUl. 




■i 

!:§ 

1.1U 


S,33U 

:i 

I.OIU 

Is 

■i.tM 


""ua 

SM 

US 

117 

aw 


r«undiJLiB.fl. 


U.US 

II 

i»;752 

as 

wioM 


11, on. 88 

I,2C8.B0 

1,S1U.02 

MB, 71 

H2 23 

210. as 

B72.M 

SIU.13 
Ml. 78 

rw.7o 


t4M.07 
GSe.22 
834.83 
85.47 
R08.e« 

IJS 

438.02 

Si 

1*4: 98 

811 : 87 
315. 8S 

am.m 

186.45 
328.80 


*l,857.7t 








'■ S« 






















1 KIO 






1,RM.3T 




















li"] 


















{■SI! 




:::::;::j 72S 






S::::::::::::::': 


,fflS 












TM«1 


IT, CM 


87.100 


6,811 [ ;o| 1,040 


^■=«' 


12,875.63 


8,<IZ2.8» 


"■'•"= 



Arenc* co«t p«r 



Defdiled italemcnl 0/ lanhiug dikei. 



Letter or uiimtipr of dika. 


orVork. 


niflWrlai 


Coit. 


l.lnch 


Material, 


l..hor 


•r.ui. 




Liiuarfl 

21M 

128 
40fl 

1,111 


F,rl. 

12. ^1 
8, WO 

15,060 
],MJ 

s,«wi 

G,4W 

'■E 

S.075 

IS 

J 700 

•;2io 


tl3a.09 


161.17 

N153 
18.36 

eu!«a 

jam 

m. L>5 








s 


ft 

2J 
71 

41 


as 

28 


m:« 




31.23 














































n 


'w?s 








'"" 


I7.410 


86.100 


1,022.38 


882.20 


l,e8LH 



4246 EEPOBT OF TU£ CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ABHT 
DelaiUd itatitnail of laretning itktt. 



""£'" 




Qa 


anti.ie.ofmM 


ri-U. 


Cui 


of 

wort 


id.. 

M 


Zi». 

so 

H 


182 

KM 
100 

ISS 


20rf 1 j_,,^ 


Brash 


l-inrtil-lnci 








1,717 
B.OW 

■» 

■■s 

1 

US 

1 

7(B 


16». l«.B.Jf 


70.6 
Vi-6 


!■«(. 


16.. 


»1M.09 
l.'S.U 

in. ,11 
110, 3e 

20.30 
RI.48 

iaB.08 
ai:«o 
wisi 

ii 

4t.oa 


11.4. 




150 

"■iij' 


1.W3 














































1 

1 










10 
OS 

i 


"m 




210 

a;o7u 


















aoo 


130 


so. 










!?:';::::: 






m. 




007 
























aw 














ToUJ 


18.742 


7.1 j 120 S, 120 


895 25,455 


8U0.§j 200 1 IM 


.0*6-72 2,00«. 



Vtlaiitd ttalemtnt of framing t><nf«. 



T ir 




QiuiatiU« of niaterisl. 




Co. 


"be™' 
dike. 


work. 


KMlye 
<Mk 
pllw. 


Stone, 


l-ineh 


Lqdi. 
bar. 


0-..,™ 


-.p!k« 


splkca 


U^eridl 




17A.... 
leA.... 


'3 


FfH. 

no 

7» 


0B1.2T 


/■<rt. 


ftB.it- 

3; BIB 


3u. i 16.. 

85l 200 


J.6.. 
200 


it.. 


*^g:?S 


..«. 


ToUl.. 


2W 


1,110 


1,1«S.IH 


2.300, 0.iM 


244 1 600 


2W 


» 


1,578.S0; J8S. 



■t per linear foot ;= M.38 -f-. 



9, 019. 8 



D 13,524.L'3 

P.. 2.216.15 

Q 7,460.57 

r L', 085.89 

Y" 2.7U.85 

1 S, 364.39 

2 W.OO 

IS 1.068.53 

13A 1,778.91 



18A 4,878.95 



19 5,215.45 

20 3.315.76 

21 5.639.41 

22 5,972.61 

Totftt net cast $ 



APPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4247 

Administration $3,587.22 

Office and incidental expcnsos 5, 819. 56 

Current care and repair of ))laiit in service 10, 646. 29 

Steamboat service 5. 695. 94 

Towboat service lO.r.34.20 

Surveys 7,593.12 

$43,676.33 

Total cost of dike construction 152, 710. 24 

Tbe total extent of dike entirely cnmplolcd, reduced to .S-row dike, amounts to 
17,067 linear feet. 

By deducting the cost of incomplete dike, amounting to $1,277.38, from the total 
cost of dike construction given above, the net cost and total cost per linear foot of 
S-row dike are determined to be $6.32 and $8.95, respectively. 

Hf suits of dike work. — The stage of water during tbe spring and June rises has not 
been high enough to get the best results from the dikes. Accretions of greater or 
less extent have formed behind most of the new dikes, and those behind the old dikes 
have in some cases been built up to a higher elevation. These deposits consist prin- 
eipally of very line silt. 

The rectified channel that was formed last year between Dikes 1 nnd 14 has been 
maintained and extentled down to Dike 18, and the indications are that during the 
approaching season of low water the main steamboat channel will lie between Dodds 
Island and Barkersville, and that the flow into Osage Chute will be reduced and 
possibly entirely shut olf. The channel on June 1 in this locality is shown on Plate I. 

The Cedar City group of dikes has reduced the flow into Cedar City Chute to 
some extent. Above a half stage, however, a large volume of water still enters the 
chute between the tow-head opposite Jefferson City and the end of Dike D, the 
upper end of the tow-head having cut away as the dike was extended. 

In connection with these diVes the Cedar Creek Dam has shut off the flow of the 
river, when above a half stage, through the old creek bed, which was formerly 
instrumental in keeping open the chute. 

Extensive accretions have formed behind Dikes P,Q, Y', and Y". The parts of the 
two latter that were constructed have, to a great extent, served the purpose for 
which they were designed. 

The embankment across the hea<l of Cedar Island Slough has greatly assist-ed in 
tbe attainment of the same object by preventing the river from flowing through the 
slongh. 

The changes in cross section on the reach under improvement are illustrated by 
Plates II, 111, IV, V, VI, vii, and viii. 

For reasons stated in my last annual report the sections sounded about half way 
between dikes are use<l for this purpose instead of those on the lines of the <like8. 
An exception to this rule, however, is ma<le in the section shown with Dikes 20-19A. 
These sections were sounded on the line of the dikes, as the effect of the contraction 
9rorks above, in causing the river to scour a new channel through the sand bar in 
Iront of Barkersville is not so marked below the dikes. 

The section of Juno 16, 1893 (Plate viii), shows the scour at the end of Dike 19Ain 
the spring, resulting from extending it across the channel leading into Osuge Chute, 
jalso the scoiur that occurred during the rise in the latter part of May, immediately 
iifter tj^e djike was again extended. 

The aecretiof^s behind D^kes 1, 2, and 3 have been lereled off and become more 
finiform^ but hav« not jbuilt up to any extent, as the stage of water has not been at 
jany lame higher than .2^ feet below S. H. W. 

'fhe same may be said .of Harlaiis Chute^ the stage a.t which a flow through the 
iclinte begins being about tthe same a^ last year, yiz, X15 feet 9P the Ewing gauge. 

The accretions behind Dikes 9, 10, and 11 have biii-lt up slightly, and their con- 
tours have become more uniiorm. 

The width of the rectified channel in front of these dikes is unchanged, as no appre* 
ciable erosion of the tow-head has occurred. Very extensive depositii l*ave been made 
between Dikes 13 and 18, also between 17A and i9A. The dikes at and below Bark- 
ersxille have had a good eflect in changing the direction of flow, but their full 
effect will not be felt till they are completed and a high stage of water of some dura- 
tion occurs. 

The results of channel rectification accomplished by the dikes constructed this 
year are shown in detail in Table I. This table also contains the results during the 
year of dikes constructed last year. 

Table II is compiled fVom Table I, and shows the percentage of change of area in 
the recti Ked channel. 

Table III furnished interesting data on the fllling in of the rectiflod channel as 
the river declines from a high to a low stage, also the dimensions of the rectifled 
ebaanel for different stages. 



4248 BBPOBT OP THE CHIEF OF EKOISEEES, U. S. ABMY. 

Tho length of tho improved reiMb oq which the obMrv&tions for tItiH ilnla 
tn&de ia 2 mileii, anA eitends trom Dika 1 tn Dike 14. 

It irlll bo iKiticptt that all ai'ctiiins in this tnlile for the early part uf Novi 
show an iucrrase of rliann«l nrea fnim acour. TbU ofiect waa pro<loce<l by a i 
1.15 fe«t which ocriirred betnaen October 25 eml 28. 

Tablr I. — Jrmt o/ erott welioHt of the MUioiiri Biv«r in Mt ricini(,v o/ ttie 
oonilneted in Otage Diriiion, Fir»t BtacS, /rant toundiHgi madr dnrinff thr 
year e«diag Jane SO, 1893; alto area* of tconr aud Jill resiilling from the dlir 




Dl£ Z Z — IJLrOET or MISf^OURI KIVEH COMMISSION. 4249 









Art... bPlu* «lKi.dnfd 


FlUor.™ifl«l,liicl 


nTlifli^d Chan 




Uale 


...^. 


hlKli walw.- IW fi-el. 


"'Slko!. 




Ilnro.- 


















DPl,l»a llUu.1 
nvl. 


T„t^. 


Since lut 
ue. 


TaUl. 


cLito. 


loWL 






Frtl. 


aq./frt. fg./trt. 


S7./«t. 


»,./«■(. 


Bg./frf, 


«I./frf 


?^^ 








«.K23 1 isi.au) 


28,126 


+ 725 




- 20 








4,7!* 122: MS 


28:725 




- 27a 


+1.27B 


+6,573 
















-8,147 








a. 400 1 2t! Hm 


3d:78U 




Its 


+ 012 


+1,238 






3,280 126,410 


28.720 


+ 120 


+1,920 


+3,158 




















li.w]33,M\ 


3o:418 


'—"■JM 


-■"!5aM,wi' 


'-^'.iiii 






E,zsa 3:>,4Ga 






* 359 1+ 83 


-{.BOB 






4,4'iS'.1].DM 


:<6.3g3 




+ 1,181 i+1,5>ia 1—1,808 






6,075 


31.025 


30, IIKI 




+ RmT 913 (-3:375 






8,000 




38.105 


+ 76 








4.800 


20! 400 




+ 340 










27.820 




+ 80 


+ ,029 +1: ISO -'270 








28.ai3 


32,033 




+ ,019 1- 113 


— 383 






■i.m 








+ .384 '+ 913 


+ 630 


. . Mii.\ 'JO, L««i 






27i«OU 


31:880 




+ .529 Z BHO 


- 160 






t.VM 




28.100 


— SO 


T ,449+3,800 


+8,650 




le.u 













::;i.niiy i.tm 






Sllsfio! 4,1.050 1 4- 545 ' + 545—4,005 


"I^'OOB 




17! 76 


10; 026 


31.34a 4I.««8 1 + 1,075 + 1,820 + 7 


-4,088 


'.'.'.' Aaf. i.ii*a 


ia.55 




aO.872 811.540 . + 1,9.'.! +3.571 + 471 




... Ang,W,Wie 


11. 7S 










... AnS.SAIiIin 


10.70 




2'IDiiu Mi.Rl^ 




+1,715 


... <>rtf a. «ra 


0T.7«, 7.3S 


27.505 : 84.890 


+ 260 + 4.030 +1,436 




... Nor. S. KS 


u7.» 7.10>l 


25.5U3 82.863 


+ 225 +5.145 +2,002 


+ 1,002 


... XUT. SS. NW 


U7.<» i 7,!M 


26,588 32,838 


- 150. + 4,095 - 26 


+1.867 


....May ai. BTO 


12.80 1 8,(*S 


31, 880 38, 8C5 


+ 265 ■ + ^2tt^_0, 2112 


-4,025 




17.10 8.2I10 


28.800 8:i.000 


+ 785 + 8,015 +5,080 


+ *55 


...-July IB. m 


18.50 8eu« 
1T.7S ;re.iB8 








h'.k> 3b!441 


'— i.'affl' —TJfli" +"471" 


'+■■471 


...'.\nS- 6. onZ 


l3.Sfl 10.082 


28.017 88.129 


+ 100 -1,170 +],S0« 


+ 1,077 


... AtiK-n, )«a 






-1,0»:< -2.269 -1,415 


+ m 


... A..i|.aK K-s 


111! TO, w:o:iO 


soiiiab 4O:650 




— 296 




07.70 1 11. IM 


27.127 38,277 


1 62ii -2:214 +i.m 


+2,507 


'.'.'.'■ Hm. K fWJ 


07.90 1K.99S i».ast 39, M; 


+ ir^j -J.0(10 - 025 




... X.1T.M. ma 


07.70 ;J1.10U M.aw 38.SM 




+2:431 


...'Apr. at. KKl 


17.S0 9.270 


2a, 2W 


38.610 






+ 48* 


...;M*r so. an 








- «ro 


- 994 


— 280 


+ 204 


...l3iL% MO 


jiiiflS 1 ^gloM 


20.08'l 


3T:688 




+ 828 


— 160 




















"/jS"m: ^ 


17 J5 




VCm 




"+"%m 


'+*2:9ilB' 


-"isi" 


-"isi 


...' Aiis.13. W! 


11 7S 


ll>:i.1 


20.800 


3B:736 








+ 756 


...■ Aiig.m >»a 


10.70 


RMS 


20.000 


38,:«5 






+ '000 


+ 1.BS0 


... OliT 7. «« 


07. TO 






30.486 


+ 550 


+ B.JW3 


+1,300 


+2. MO 


... Xnv. S. KIM 


or. 90 




36.535 








+2,750 


...XuA-.sS: MS 


07.70 


ii:o»5 


21.475 


35.580 






+ 426 


+3,175 


...' Apr.W. a'Q 


17. SO 


B.OKO 




38.920 


+ 1.405 


+ 5.483 


-2,765 


+ 410 


... UhV lILIKBa 




10.080 


28:72(1 


38,i<oa 


— 400 


+ 6,088 




-1,070 


....jW S-iatKi 


18. K 


9.520 


27.060 




+ 600 


+ 5.048 


?.?. 




















!"| Jiiij- ai| iuBS 




10! 475 


28.70.1 




'—"'mo' 




-1.382 






ii;7s 


10,537 


27.053 


38:w 










::.illlK:s»;i^j 




10,4a> 


27,116 


37,640 


+ 112 


- 5.W 


+ 838 


+ 298 


... OiC 7.iwa 




10.C86 


20.12'l 


38,808 


— 2li0 




+ 092 






07)00 


10,880 


26.800 


87.520 


+ 25 






'.'.'.'; Ihf'. s.itai 


07. 2S 


10. MO 


24,678 


31.978 


+ 3I!0 


- 425 '--^•i. 18! 


^ 2,735 


...Ai't.x.iisia 




0.006 


20.072 


35,137 


+ 1.2:15 


+ 810 ;-1.391 




... M!.y 1S.1M3 


U.US 


9.700 


ZO.l.V 




- 696 




+ '«68 


... June 3. ISM 


i8.es 


8,080 


28.500 


37,840 


+ B«0 


+ 705 


-2,105 


-1,147 


::;Sl?!.1:ffi 




13 


28,016 

30,7.17 












lix 


43.892 


■+"i,'34:i' 




-2.'7ia' 


— i'TlB 


...i AnclMBM 


U.7B 


3.432 29.502 


42,904 




+ WO 


+1,195 


-1.S17 


...[Ans-aSieM 


10.70 


3,J48 28.585 




+ ^ 


+ 1.0:0 


f 877 


- 540 


... I)tt: 7,1892 


07.70 


2,720 120,180 


38:9uO 






+2,405 


+1.865 


...'Not. B,I»:i 


OT.W 


:j.6t5 25.7,10 


30,295 








+2,295 




l»w. aiMa 


07.25 


a. 5.K) 20,670 


38. 070 






- KO 






Al>r.».I«B 


K.70 


2,740 1 a7.1M) 










+ '125 




Jiine ^.tm 


18. K( 


0.060 120.515 


38.575 


+ 2,0W 






+1,530 






















m.w 


k.m ! M.m 


421487 








'+1,707 




Urn: aifttf 


OT.W 


0.282i2T,.'>iS 


43.827 


- "2^ 








])(«. SLIKirj 


07.25 


15.995 120.700 


42.785 


+ 287 


+ ,512 1+ 755 


+1,4U» 




Aiir.miKn 


Ift,70 


4,8M;27.1iiO 




+ 1.315 


+ ,827 - 370 


+ 1,038 




Hay 1B.IKU 


W.W 


3,800 128.415 


40:ot6 


+ 1.080 


+ .007 + 746 


+1,789 




JllIlB •.IW3 


18.10 


3,160 


27,880 


39,840 


+ 1.440 


+ ,»47 


-1,266 


+ 619 



4250 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF. ENGINEKRS, U. S. A 

Tablk I. — Areas of crosa secliorm of the Miasouri River ih the ricini. 
constructed in Osage DiHsiony First Jieadi, etc, — Continiiei 



Section. 



Date. 



I)ik« 17' Jnlv 



JK) 

Do 

Do 

!>(> 

I»i> 

Do 

DIko 18«-17A« 

iHI. ....... 

Do 

I>o 

Do 

Do 



Ort. 

Nov. 

Dm: 

Apr. 

May 

•f II ill' 

J lily 

Oit. 

Nov. 

Dec. 

Apr. 

Muy 

Do ■ Juue 




Aroan below Atnn«1nn] 
high water =122 feet. 



Fill or Rroiir hehiur 
I dikcM. 



Bekiml 
dikefl. 



Sq./eet. 

IH, i:ir» 

17.:)85 
2i), 1«2 
17.247 
12. 217 
9. 320 
8. \)m 
25. (Ml 
2.'>, 4(W 
20, 4X() 
24, 720 
21. :itK) 
19. 240 
17,920 



In rec, 
tifled 
chan- 
nel. 



8q. ffrt. 

28. :JK". 
28, JKio 

28. 80:t 

\v>, wn 

.'{;{, 2(N) 
21.280 

is.gtK) 

22. 040 
21. 100 
28,240 
27. 000 
27.280 



Total. 



Since lant 
dut*'. 



Total. 



Sq. ffft. 

4<}. .")20 

i 46, 550 

50, 8.»8 

40, O-'jO 

44. 5:{4 

42. 520 

42. 720 

i 46.960 

44.300 

49. 100 

I 45.880 

I 49.000 

; 40.240 

! 45.200 



Sq. fr^t. Hq. ffrt. 



+ ."kVO 

— 2. 577 

-f 2,015 

-+- 5,0 JO 

-r 2,8'.>7 

-H 300 



-J- h'yii 

— 2.(rJ7 

+ 5.918 

+ 8,81.-. 

+ 9,17.-. 



+ 
+ 



280 
1.080 
1.700 
3. 360 
2.120 
1,320 



+ 
+ 



2iS«l 

8U0 

900 

4. 320 

6.440 

7.700 



Table II. 



Section. 



Dike 
Dike 
Dtl;i> 
Dike 
Dike 
Dike 
Diki* 
1>ike 
Dike 
Dike 
Dike 
Dike 



rerio<l of observation. 



From— 



To- 



Dikc B' July 1.3, 1892 

Dike(^« !....do 

Dike 1)1 

DikeD 



1893 



...do 

June 1.5, 1802 



June 8. 

....do 

....do 

June 19. 1893 



Tnrreaao 
in chan- 
nel urea. 



Pfrcenf. 

1.2 

28.5 

11.7 

22.1 



2« Jiilv 0.1892 June 5,1893 

3» I line 15. 18; "2 do 

fti ' June 10. 1892 do 

10« ;....do do 

11> June 8.1892 do 

1 3» J line 9. 1892 June 2, 1893 i — 

IfA' do '....do ' 

13B' June 10. 1892" do 

14 Ium'U.18i»2 do — 

10< ; July 20. 1892 .lime 9.1893 

17' '....do do 



18»-17A« -....do 



.do 



I 



4.5 
0.5 
—11 

— 13.2 

— 1.6 
0.1 
1.1 
4.2 
5.4 
1.1 

18.8 
28.2 



Rem ark ^ 



By deepening chtiiinel. 
Do. 
Do. 
The ar^an of Bonie of tli 
vicinity of dikcH cons 
are not as larp* 1 hiH y 
Htage of watt.T huK not 
to cause as great a sco 



By deepening cbanuel. 
IK). 



Table III. — Areaa and dimensions of cross sections of rectified rhann 

stages. 



Secti(»n. 



Date. I (iaufre. 



Rcctiflod channel below standard : ^l*?2!\^'*,!I!!!r 
high water=122 feet. 



Area= 
A. 



> J-Wt. 

Dikel' ; May 26.1802 12l.9.-> 

Do iJulv 9.1892 118.80 

Do ;Aag. 4.18{)2 113.75 

Do Aug. 13. 1.K92 111.80 

Do I Aug. 20. 1892 , 110. 7i» 

Do I nol. J». 1892 107.70 

Do i Nov. 1,1892 I08.:m 

Do !Dec. 7,1892 107.70 



27.211 
2<5.52j 
25.913 
27. 82.-. 
•r 



27 



25. 2 rO 
2iJ. 337 
25. 007 



titie^l chill 

81 



Fill or 

acour 

eince 

hixt 

date. 



Per 

' 'cent of! 

Total fill "O't ion! 



I 



liaek : 
a. 



fine<l 
bark 

_a 

A 



Width. 



I 

!Me 

;dep 



Hq.fftt Sq./eet 



+ 686 

-f- 012 

—1,912 I 

-f ,5.'ni I 

-\ 2. 075 ; 

-1,137 I 

+l.->9 I 



+ 688 


2.5 


-f 1.298 


4.7 


- 014 


2 2 


— 05 


-0.2 


-+-2. Oil 


7.3 


+ 874 


3.2 


+2. 124 


7.7 



Fet't. 
1,275 
1.270 i 
1.225 I 
1,090 I 
1,040 I 
1,0»)5 ! 
1.005 I 
l,00l> I 



21 
17 
12 
14 

i:^ 

8 

10 
8 



UTSSDa ZZ — REPORT OF MISSOCRI RIVER COMMISSION. 4251 



- Jnlj B, 

9>> .JnljlB, 



>■ |An|t.l3. 

■ 'Auk.W. 

IDrl. 11, 

I IXdt.SO. 



I'ttpie'V; 



ito ;."■-■ 



Im 



. K(IT 



. Sot. 39. 
°*-.'" A« t 

U, --...lAiiB.an, 

^ ji3J». 

!•» Aug. 91. 

u» nirt. ?: 

£• Siw. ». 

1>» Dto. 2. 

IKt*U lUiiy 311. 

Dt iJniVl*. 

1» ;AtlB.l* 

!* IAubM. 

On ilh-t. 7. 

im Xev. a. 

Db Dm. i. 



Sq.frrt. Sq./rrl. 

ti.vn 

IS.TWIi -<-l.Bei 



Kq./rit 

'+i.'58i' ' 



K 1I1.7S I 
K ■ 107.70 I 



I8B2 I13.S5 W.K;! .f- I 



IRH .I07.K>: S.'i.M) — 

— m.».i'8i.7.w 

117.75 :Si.»3 +S. 



U,U«I 


— '44'ii 




'!-!| 














































































































+1.M7 












































































3;t.«w 


+ K 























































isi.as 'W.L7KI. 



.| R. 7tl 
' +3. UK 

■ +\.T» 



■ na h:i,017| 11 



IHBS luT.TO 

~>a 1U7.W 

>! HIT. S3 : 



. M,7II7 — !.»>« 
».»<! +1. IMl 



— 411 —1.4 



'i I i 



■n I toil 
io.fi I i,(U 

10' 7.19 

II ■H.<i* 











































4252 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. B. ARMY. 

The rectified chaniinl referred to in tin's table is the waterway between end of dik« 
and opposite bank. In the case of sections 9', 10', and 11', the opposite htaxk ii tbe 
south side of the towheud. 



.1 



REVETMENT WORK. 

Miirrays Bend rerehnent, — The coiistrnction of revetment in Mnrrays Bend wm 
begnn October 24 and was proceeded with continuously till November 29, wlwn 
operations were discontinued on account of having to lay up the plant for the win- 
ter. The head of the revetment is in Cedar Creek, 250 feet from its month. The 
le.n<rth of the revetment along the river ia 3,250 feet. 

The width of the mattress varies from 65 to 70 feet, with its shore edge extending 
about 2 feet above standard low water. The bank in Cedar Creek and about 175feetor 
tlie river bank were graded with shovels, and the remainder of the river bank with 
one of the hydraulic pile sinkers. 

When the plant was removed, in the latter part of November, for storing it fortb* 
winter, there still remained, to complete the revetment, about 95,000 square feet of 
upper bank to be ballasted. This work was carried on during the winter and w» 
completed February 20. 

The greater part of the stone used for the revetment was hnnled to the river tow 
from the Callaway County blulVs, a distance of Imile; the remainder was tni* 
ported on barges from Jefiersou City and from the mouth of Morean Creek. 

The following statement sIiown the extent and cost of each class of work W" 
quantities of material used: 



CUiHfl aud extent of work and quantities of niut^riul. 



Prirort of 
material. 



Sinkinir 292 anchor piles: 

Labor and Hiibsistencb ' 

7,0«8 linear fiot of pilinp $0. 1 H»2 

90 ponndn T Uv ^-inuli 8[iik<>H • .02707 

120 biiHlicla of coal 1110 

"Weaving 231.4'Jl square feet of niMttrisx: 

Labor anil rtuWHistmi'o 

1. I70.r) r'onls of linisli 



Cost of 

each class 

of work. 



$227. 31 
772. 28 ' 
2.44 
i;j.3U 



rKi,300 U-vt g-inrji wire rabU* 
4,000 pou 



■ft ft-inrji wire rjible . . . 
unu.s J-inrb wire cable. 



2.(I1G:U 

.oioo;<2 

.01 



l.iVi9.o:; 

•A, 027. :VJ 

508. r.s 
160.00 



Sinkinjr 2.11,421 suunn' Uv\ of niallros; 

La''or and Hu()Hi.»»tencf 

1,489.2 cubic yards of 8tone 



WH 



Gradhiir bank with sbovrl.s: 
Labor and .subsirttence . 



Gradin;;bank with hydranlie \t\h- sinker. 4,24t> <'ul)i'- yard.s: 

Labor and snbsistmr*' '. 

r»i5 busholH coal 



1110 



Jtalla.stin^ llO.OOi) nrpiare feet. ^.TiiK) linear feet, witli .stone 

Labor and sub.»»)«ten<o 

4.40(1.77 cubic vardH of titoue 



.SMJ'..71 



39i». 06 
1,444.14 



372. 02 



343. 17 ' 
CO. 82 



093.77 ' 
4, 354. 88 



MiHcellaneous: 

Administration ' 464.52 ' 

Ollice and incidental <'xi)en>es 661.00 j 

Steamboat Her\ ice " 737. 58 ' 

Towboat servict? 1. :J38. 20 

fare and repair of plant in nei vie*' 1.378. 58 ' 

Surveys 983.25 



Total. 



CoHt per linear foot, .*5.6235— . 



Total. 



$1,015-*' 



5.(45. J'^ 

1.834-''*' 
372- <^' 



5.04*.^ 




JionnotH Mill revet mr tit. — 'flu- head of the I'ounots Mill revetment is situated in tbfl 
mouth of the sinall ererk llriwir.*;: through the? villajie. Its IfUi^tli is 1,200 feet. 

Mattrc*.** work was l»r«^iiu A]nil 2S, and couiiiletcd May 8. The width of the mat- 
tr<»HK is about (52 fret,;")!) frrt of wliicli is below the Iow-wat«>r contour. The grading 
was done with one of the hydraulir pile-siuktTH, and was completed May 10. 

Ah tilt' sradiu^ was carried on while tlui river was ahove a niidstage, the hank 
eould not he ^iven a uniionn slope from top to l)ottoni, and in some places it is 
steeper than 1 on 2.1. 



iPPBNDIX Z Z — REPORT OP MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4253 






Bm ballasting of the upper bank was completed May 29. In conBtmctiDjx tliis 
'the anchor piles and tranHverne cables w«Te jdaced 20 feet apart and a tbrce- 
^th hich cable used in the selvage ed^e of the mattress. In other respects the 
^nretawDt in the same as the standard revetment. 
Dn following statement shows the cost and extent of the work: 



Ghu md OLtont of work and quantitlea of material 



Priceft of 
material. 



Cost of 

ea<-h class 

of work. 



Kkiu 60 anflhor pilea : 

IiMor and aubfciar ence 

l.»4 linear feet piling i |0.]102 

llkiahelacoal • .1116 

UpoondaofS by 1-inch hpikea t .0250 

Tttviag 75, 177 sq care feet of matt i^rtB : 

labor and subMiatence 

itt.W cerda of bnish ■ 2. 46:n 

M,«»feet|-lnch wire cable .'. .010032 

^■UDg 75,177 aqoare feet of mattress : 

Iftwor and aubaiatence ' 

W cubic yards of atone 

**Jn«g l,fl20 cubic yards : 

^ibor and aubabitence 

C bnahels of coal 



00074 



.1116 



aqaare feet of apper bank with stone: 

ibfUl! 



*^ting 85,468 -^-^ 

**oorsi»d sabfusteuce - - , 

1*276.7 cabio yards of stone . 90974 

^'^taneona: 

/JJministnition 

r™co and incidental expenses 

S7***nb«at sen-ice 

•jLowboat service 

o**^ of plant hi service 

*0«^«yB. 



I^otal. 



I 



$109.51 

2i>8. 72 

7.81 

. .>8 



63J. 47 
OlL'.a.J 
14H. 85 



217.37 
400. :r2 



.1 



61.24 
7.25 



258. 21 
1,237.10 



138.48 
107. 0.'> 
2J1». H4 
31*8. 93 
4H». 97 
293. 38 



,7 



Go»4 



Per linear foot, $4.8893. 



Total. 



$326. 42 



1,694.65 



623.60 



68.49 



1,405.31 



1,658.63 



5,867.21 



M18CKLLANK0US W0KK8. 

ji*S;J^ar Creek Dam. — This dam is situated across the old bed of Cedar Creek, about 
So? feet below the head of Mnrrays Bend revetment, which protects it from bting 

'?! ^ by the river. 
..^^Q dam is an e.artli embankment formed of material taken from the bed of the 
_^^k by means of slip scnipers. It is 218 fi-et lonj;, and contains about 2,000 cubic 
th ^*' It has atop width of 10 feet, side slopes of I on U, and is about ^feet above 
*?^ lovel of the banks of the creek. It was constructed between October 31 imd 
|i|^y«*mber 16. After the sprinp: rains it was found necessary to do some further 
tgii^^K to make the dam perfectly secure. The total cost of this dam amounts to 

* ^tdar Slouch Dam. — This dam is similar to the one across Ce<lar Creek. It is 585 
^**t long, and contains about 2,500 cubic yards of earth. It was constructed 
**^tween November 15 and 30. The exterior slope of the embankment is faced with 
"Indies of brush ballasted witli stone. In the early part of .June the embankment 
^^ raised slightly, and tlie slopes faired up by tilling in with earth. The cost of 
*ttU dam amounts *io $634.81. 

^emorifig Tatum Jiock. — This rock was sit"ated in Osage Chute, about 800 feet 
above honnots Island. It was sunk about 3 feet below .standard low water, and 
w»ntained about 5 cubic yards. Several holes were drilled in the rock during the 
winter of 1891 and 1892, but before the drilling could be completed an ice gorge 
caused the river to rise to such an extent that work had to be suspended. During 
the winter of 1892 nnd 1893 the drilling was completed and the rock entirely removed 
by blaeting. The cost of removing the rock amounts to $52.42. 



PROCURING CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS. 



The materials nsed for constructing works of improvement on Osage Division dur- 
ing the fiscal year were purchased in the o])en market, Pxroi>tlng the willow brush 
•nd* small quantity of btoue^ which were procured by hired labor. 



« 4 



4254 EEPORT OF THE C'HlKt' OF ENGINEEKS, U. ». ABMY. 

Tli^ i|iiantiti6« of cnnsl.riioiJnii mtiteriala wliick n 
yitHKs oiieCiiliuDS, and tlivir uveroge cohI iier uuit 
tuoiil: 



a.,.„.l. 


QmrnKlT 


'ZJf" 


CMflH 


Will 




wrd 


ii 
■as 

SM.IIM 

taw 
noon 

!,6O0 


u.vn 

'as 


J 






do— . 


wV;:.-.:',i\'.i!-' ■;■ 




.w-,..,,., . ...... 


^ lnuelBmberfiBbruiBg. 


..riM.t.n,M,, 




riudl^iljuih»yiW 




-i^ffi: 















t JoffeTMD { 

v.T liimk in Mnrr»j«W 

ut, the ninatfa otSn 

and 1,136 yttitin 



One huDilred nnd flfty-r)DB thniisnud aaA niiiflteim lii 
piling ware delivei'eil nu bi>r};cs at. tlin n-uikB, 10,53(1 1'lict 
at Cfaaritou Kiver, iinil i>,iiW feet rt Gaacoiiade River. 

The jiiue liiDitier ami wbitni ciolc piles were delivered i 
Bmmots Mill, Mo., iind tlic crprr'tB pilea nt BnviiotB Mill. 

Of tliH HtniiB, 3.813 GUttk yurdH vere delivered on the riv 
4,5£& yurdi on bargpB at JatTrrsoii City, Mo., 7,931 vati'a 
Clock, 1,377 yiirda Kt Buunuts Mill, 451 yards at Cedur Isli 
cnrod liy bin-d labor. 

Thutotutrsliieof ['aiiHtrDCtJoiim»tiirial iiti bund at this diit« amuuDta tot30,< 

Diiriiii; tbe wliiter of V^2 aud msSepei'iiii'iitioiia weru prepared nail bida 
for faniiBbius u sapply of oyprejw pilea uud pine lumber for fiititre dike 
tion. As tliere appeared, liuwever, to bo bhiuh doubt about unolbur aitproi 
lii'jrv^ ti'iiile by CuiivI'Mb, tbu liual orniugeuieuta for puruhiuiiiic tbe roaleriill 
ti.tr iiMilr till Miirch 10, 

\ ii I' t <if laud wanTeutedat BonnotH MiU, Mo., and arranged for Btorins 
I ■ ■ ■ r ' i cjiher by railroad or river. 

[iir . ..iivrriiuiit aod economical hnndliDe of material received by niilroi 
U-iir)> u'lis laid Irum Ibe main line of tbe MiBBOiiri Patido RhUu,]'. .Ilu; 
li.'ii;;ili I'l Uie yard and aepur track conBlnioted bttneeii tli>. 
rivi^r bunk lor drdiveririK coal from oara uu bargea. Tbese n'n ' 
111' bur! ill uimducling tuniieF operatlonB, on aocount of t.bere ii<<: 

eiti> I'ur a yard aviiiliiblB iu tbe immediate vicinity of whore «■■" I " • i 

OD, ai)d, in cunauqai^uce, a large nambcr of bargee intern ded for truiiD^<uiiiii£ 
bad to be need for etorage. 



The follovt-inK Bteamers were used foTtmnsportiugmnt/'rlal an^inoviiigplul^ 
1^ the liaial (ear, mk The towbojta H'm. Stone nml Jeunle GUckrinl, — ' 

leanien Nifi?'!! a Vetv»iiia atid liurn 
lb s wi- m[lo>-<- ■ -■ 



j(ipal1j for towing lonterinl ttoax morediatantiM 

1 I ( If in oui'partof Ibe work toanollier. DmingOii^ 

til II ^^ ueo operutiooa wi-ra resninod in tlie BpriStl 

1 I toHing bruali Iruiii poiulo between ProridaaMil 

I 1 I in ilie Cbariton and Luuiine riviirs. Bfttfear'" 

I I > h I fiiinareBHnd new Etut'ka erected. ^ "" 

dirL Ml I lI^^ iHiiiiHiTud tolJiviBiou Eni;ineer S. W. Fox, 

plftut from iiansna (. it\ \io to Cia8connde, ^lo. 

During tbu Inll of IS IJ, iillir September 15, the water gu moat oti 
between tlie briiBli piitilieH and the nork wob too shullow for tba 3 
lieoame uei esaary m order to keep tbe lonBtmction parlies Hnppllndwira 
otLoi mat rlila, to charter a towlinnt of lighter draft. Tbe neoeBBitrf a 

lein„ bliiiniid the touboat'/«Nnie GiIcArisl was uhartered October 1, at tb 

4<)'> prr diHUt vritboiit luel This boat waa used ia towing bruidi and other lUW 
till N(iM mber 30, when ahe was retnmed to ber ownero. ^ 

The bli'Hiiier Sabrina, belungiiig to tbe St. Jnaepb divi«ioa, waaeniploved (torfl 
ing and moving plant for one of the coDStructioa parties till October 28, win 
vrna returned to St. Joaeph. 

After tbe Meliiaina received her uew boiler, in the latter part of Jnly, \ 
employed coutiuuomly during the year's operalicms, tuw ing materia] for or'- 



APPENDIX Z Z — ^REPOBT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4255 

IfliA constTQction parties, moving plant, and towing barges loaded witli lumber for 

ka% repairs from Jetferson City to the boat yard. 

The repairs to the steamer DoriSy which were begun in June, 1892, wore completed 

nd the boat put in commission Octobt^r 5. After this dat« she was used for light 

wing. The boat was hauled out on the ways in June, 1893, for the purpose of 

taking some necessai^ alterations in her hnll. 

The cost of the service rendered by the different steamers is as follows : Wm, StanCf 

8^846.33; Je»nt« Gi/cArwf, $3,577.32; .¥<?/««««, $5,617.59; 5aferwa, $2,031.66; I>oW«, 

tfiV$/!9. total, $40,091.69. Besides these expenses, coal to the value of $55.80 was 

inished the snag boat, and to the value of $320.22 to the towboat Alert, 

CONSTRUCTION, REPAIR, AND CARE OF PLANT. 

Phnt construction,— The plant constructed during the year consists of a mill with 
rood-working machinery, two single-deck quarter boats and one ofliroouarter boat. 

The mill is one-story frame structure, 60 by 30 feet, with a half-pit^u gable roof. 
!lteroof and the npper half of the sides are covered with corrugated iron. The 
iftchihery is placed on pile foundations slightly above the level of the ground. The 
ipperpart of the building serves the purpose of a mold loft. 

The equipment of the mill consists of one No. 3 Mississippi planer, one rip saw, 
B0 cat-off saw, one band saw, and a turning lathe. The motive power is a 30-hor8e 
>owcr engine, with one 10 by 16 inch cylinder. The construction of the mill was 

rin the early part of October, and was completed December 5. It has jiroved 
I very valuable accession to the plant, in saving time and expense in dressing 
Bd sawing the lumber for construction and repair of plant. The mill has in con- 
BetioD with it a steam box, a dry kiln coustructi*d out of old luuiber, and a water 
Hik for supplying water to the force euiployed at the boat yard. 
The two quarter boats were designeil for the use of the bruMh party employed in 
t>cDring brush. The hulls are of the same dimensions, viz, 100 feet long, 20 feet 
iftm, by 4^ feet deep, with guards 3'feet wide. The sides and bottom are 2A inches 
ick. The hulls are constructe<l entirely of lon«{-leaf yellow pine. 
The cabins are 82 feet by 18 feet, one-story high, built of short-leaf yellow pine 
mber, with shingle roofs having a one-half pitch. As the hulls are of light con- 
^ctiou, they are held in shape by two 1^-inch bog (^liains. 

rhe caDin of one of the boats is arranged for sleL>])iiig (lunrters; that of the other 
c mess hall, storage, kitchen, and oflice. The boats accommodate 85 men. 
rhe office boat consists of a framed hull 114 feet long by 25 feet 1)eam by 5^ feet 
ep, strengthened by l^-inch hog chains. The hull of the boat is com)>lete(l, but, 
account of delays in receiving lumber, very little work has been done on the cabin. 
le boat will accommodate all of the oflice employes of the work, who have hitherto 
«n quartered on several small boats. 

A part of the lumber and other materials required for ten 100 foot barges was 
ceived, but not sufficient to begin their construction. 

The work of repairing and constructing plant could not be proceeded with as 
pidly as desired on account of lumber dealers failing to furnish lumber on time, 
msiderable delay was also caused by having to wait till a great deal of lumber, 
jected for not conforming to specitications, could be replaced. 
The quantities of materials used for construction and repair of plant are as fol- 
W8: 

Tiite oak lumber. . .feet, B. M . . 282, 035 I Candle wicking pounds . . 105 

)Dg-]eaf yellow pine lumber, | Metallii! ])aint do 900 

feet,B.M 273,732 Ked lead do.... 475 

lort-leaf yellow pine lumber, ' White lead do 3,250 



Assorted sizes of iron do 57, 993 

Nails do.... 14,310 

Spikes do.... 31,880 



feet,B.M 97,114 

hite pine lumber. . feet, B. M. . 28, 107 

^rees lumber do 1,419 

tum pounds.. 11,200 ! 

the greater part of the plant material was delivered free on board cars at Jeffer- 
son City, Mo., where it was loaded on barges, transported to the boat yard, and 
loaded. During the winter, while navigation was sus]>ended, the materials had 
be hauled by wagons to the boat yard from Ewings Switch and Jefferson City. 
e rehandling of materials has added grentlv to the cost of plant construction and 
>airB. The construction and repairs of plant were carried on at the boat yard at 
vings. The force employed on this work wiis quartered in the cabins of two old 
iish Quarter boats, and in temporary quarters, constructed out of old lumber in 
Jl, wnich were repaired and enlarged. 

liepaira to plant. -^'he repairs made to plant during the year were very extensive, 
volving in some oases entire reconstruction. The principal repairs made are as 
Hows, vias: To machine boat Ko. 1, bottom, rakes, and three lower gunwales 



4256 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OP ESGINEERS, U. 8. . 

■LrulcefriMian'cni HuowBhingle roof Inlil; the fantail pl.atfarin 1 1 inn] 
cued li.v 1 j-ini'li bog Ghaiaa, suiA outside of lioat painted. To I 
tor boaM, Nos.3 aud 6, the bottom, TAket, and two lower gmnt r. 
tte windows on tlie lower deck enlarRed; new Soor laid in i 
Btruiigtliened bj l^iiit:li Ing ohaias; anew gnardmldeil at IIk- i>..n,, 
era, and the oUlsUle of Unllu and cabin pninteJ. To six pile aiiikom 
both pniDp aoil croBH boats cooBtruoted and made 18 incuea JeepiT, ._ 
Iio^ita 10 feet lunetir than the old hullB; cubin* reinovwl fnim the old hulls, ■ 
tlieuew onoa, and rep^iired; fuiiracta of tower leads, 5^ feet bigh, frimied.* 
cri>i'li'd; nuw smokenUcks provided, and all the iniulhincrf overhauled «,, 
iu lii'^t-clasn cnndltion. Tohydraiilio erndor So. S, Ktmnalea repnlrod^ 
itig jiiiMies, and llie bull Htreugthenod, for iiBing % Cram bMnmer driror, \ 
liiigi'li.ihiit; giinwnjeeof ten linrgen sheathed for ahei^ht of 3^ fbet fViHii tl 
tbu 'li'i'Usnf live nf tJie barges corered with 2-incb piue decking; extra i^ 
pliii'eil lit the holdi of the barges; most uf the onvjla and limber bcnda^ 
■•xti'iisive repuira of a miacellunooiu character mads to (cunwali^a^ bead btif 
knii'diiii', mid the barees tboroitehl:? calked. To Bi-foiU' foot barges, tl 
of 12 UiirgiM Bbeathod with 2-i»coi pine for a height of 2i feet froin the 1 
other rnpiiirs i>f a misccUaneouB nharacter made to the gunwales and bot 
the BlL'itmer J/e'tirioo, a new double-drnm steam capstiin Bet np, and tho ol 
tlve biiilur replaced by a new boiler with ten 6-incn flues. To the Bteamttf 
a lien' Bk.vligbt fl^ameil and erected. To the Bt^amer liorii, a wooden hnl~ 
by i i'<?<>t deep, and a vabin eoimtructed ; a doiible-draui steam capxlan set a£j 
locoiiiutiva boiler replaced by a new steel boiler with ton 6-iiicb fltiea; Q 
thoroughly repaired and fitted with a longer shaft. This latter chango il 
necessary by the greater beaoi of the new hull, ' 

As the draft of the boat proved to be too great for fall etAclency, hotfl 
teuKthencd LI feet 8 inches and her depth at the midtihip section lixm^ 

The changeii in the hull made itnecesaary to-obange the positioD of the til 
to make other minor ehangca. 

Two sets of tower leaila 46 feet high, that were friimed during the last Oljj 
were ereoted in July and August on the hulls of two of the old ei 
27 ahiffa reconatrncted. 

Nomeroos repairs ineidenial to condncting work we.re also made ia if 
the plant, besides a great variety of other repair work which was neusBw 
the plant in good working condition. 

Cart ofiofoiil. — At the beginning of the fiscal year tlie floating plant htit, 
Ihia division aonaieteil of TO pieces, as follows: 1 uiachine bout, 3 d<n 
quarter boats, 2 aingle-declc quarter boats, 1 steamer, Melatiaa, 3 hydra&u 
(on one of which the Cram liammer was mounted), 1 six-lead pile-elukO' 
lead pite-sinkor, G old. style pile-sinkers with derrick and plntforin, 36 lOO-filt 
U lU-foot barges, 3 (U-foot bargi;s with quarters, 2 mattress liuatB, and I B 
able stnauicr, l)ori: 

During the high statco uf water iu the summer of 1803 moat of the I 
laid up 111 ordinary at Hoggs Creek, Ij miles below .leflerson City. As M' 
stu),'i;i>f wjiirv 'In-'Iiiied siiRlcIeiitly the plant was pinoeil Iu service as C 
riii,--ii 11 I "..II |..iri!rH i.onld be otganir.ed. 

1 ' . ...-HJIdo to coiupletn the storage ways at the boatyard & 

"I I <<!' the failure of the Inmlwr-dealera to fumtfih all tt' 

IT' . . .1 . Mipiwin, &» explained in my last annual rnpnrt, 'i'hn Intnl 

i-iii.-. ,ii. i''|.. 1... i-iM'il, this work waa taken np in tho fall of I; 
iiih 1l" ''■•«• IV-et lung eonstructoil. Tho inolineU part of tln' n ; 
i('|.<.inirn.'tedaiidext«nded330 fcot to tbc new low-wal«r sIh.j. 
bis;li iviili-r the old ways wore buried under the iH'crrtions Inn : 
\vlii..h lliey were slinatcd. This work was vory difllc^ult, oit i.- 
tioiiH U-iiiig very soft mad, whiah in some places wonld not bii|4 

At the close of the seasou's operutiona 19 pieces were taken ont of tlla 'jj 
laid up on the ways, The reninining 21 pieces had to be left i: 
uoeountof its being d(w>pd by icn before the work of stflHoi; tlm 
nompletod. During the winter the ion was kept cut from :.ii'ii- 
the river, and othur precaulious taken for its anfety. The 1 1 
wenlout February IB without injury to any of the plant. ' 
plant WI18 begun iu the lutter pari of Feliruary, and was pro. . 
as repairs were complelvd and the bulls caJjced. It wii» i 
Wa\- B. 

During tlielaunrhinKof the plant in April several Bbarpriaesoftherini 
After each of the rixea tho lower purt of the w;iy» was bnried under a dap* 
which had to be waaliud away by the lowlioal before lauuchinjj could ■ 



» '.'5% 




f**^ Icrotttfxa nijjinnu*'d . 



i • 



P7<xte J/: . 



» 122 00 



ON. 



S OF RIVER. 



A 



i2a 00 






I- i 



n 



y. 



4 . 



I2Z OO 



V •. 



Eiig93 



1 



PLATE Iff 



— -"-i 

^ • ■ 

JfX¥VQL fJi^C^xX /U/C^iAc/ 




M 



/ -V ^^ 



/ 









"1 •*. 



J 



i: 

/»: 



z 

< 



Eng 93 



/ 



PLATE Itt 



» — _ .^ •. .. ^. _ 

"« • •« 

LXA/^voL fjue^c^xt A^/ecik/ < 



«i 



/ 



J 

i: 

i: 

K 

/»: 









^ .' 



/ 









$ 



' Eng 93 



piiATE y: 



i. i:.^. . m 



DIKE 9. 



00 



•^-x.:j ... 



^^Q^^JLS 



HO^ 



V ^# 







TT'-'H' 






'i f ^y\r.nz. 







PIATE Y. 




DIKE 3. I 



•^ tne 93 



I 



PLATE Vn 



o 

# 

o 



V 

(0 

I 



)N 



r 



s a/7ii>T9T'. 



5o6!Bbei' 

4o:Hbei 



Cr-osa - <S«^ otrr(Z28-77A , s^oej>t' ^ t*« 



••9 
59 



»» 



9*> 



99 



»» 



^» 



OUtey* ck 6eii4)eerzDikesl7 ccrvdlS. 

- - I8<xncll9. 



♦1 



9» 



»« 



>* 



>f 







-><%Oo^.T o /, ± 

.5 ^ 






t.w?,^^ 



I 



PLATE VI 



J JMI 

" TlST 



MMISSION. 
ITBaACiH. 
:?,„ p-Seciians ufRivez'. 

50oB?(».t 



'iB-ri, D^J-ces St an^cl Z^. 

fj>z.hs ZR. 
■-''- oofeel heZowDi.'ke.SS. 
..6 e oxti-uZAcl oTv'diii^ Yoo 



'\-~ic 



t'Sar/i.f I^.yc'n.^^ ,I>£jr.£Ttff'r 



trv^S'i 



FlcdeJX. 






MISSION. 

REACH. 



MinvCb difSu 13B 







»ooF«^ 



./ y 



^X 



kv ^ X. 



1^ y Hi.- V 



A yo9 lye, 2)i ir. Euff *r . 



Eiig93 



>'., 



)IX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4257 

Irivinp^ for 8 lines of Dew tracks, 700 feet long, made neceftsary by the 
the number of pieces of plant, was begun in May, and 337 piles driven, 
ving statement shows the expenditures during tiio fiscal year on account 

tSltiteuieut of tritendUurvH oh account of plant. 



'ilant : 

?<lcck quarter boats. 



kinj: mill 

ut Itonnot'n niilI-iiiat4Tin] j'ard 
ig phiiik, etc 




$4, laTi. 94 

2. 008. 45 

1, 2oa. 72 

787. 43 

439. «2 



Mat«rial. 



$1, 870. 46 

1,141.34 

609.00 



• • • • < 



nt: 
unil n'lmirinjj quarters nml rrerliii;; ti-inporary 

R for ]>lHiit matcri.il, etc 

itin^r Htojimor I>«rirt 

c»M pil»-Hinkfr« 

w hnllM for pilo-.Hiiik<T« 

r-lea<l«fur frmr i»ilt>-8ink<.'rs 

machiiii' lx)Ht No. 1 

(pinrtur lM>HtM Nos. 3 and 6 

Usirf^cN 

10 1 00 foot bargCH 

12 64fiK»t hiiVMcn 

ntenmer McluMirm 

and ttll«>riiii; ffnidrr Xo. 8 for Cram hnii)in<>r-driver.l 

clinji Hkitirt i 

11)1 sti'Uiiier DorJH j 

iMiTip pilo-Hiiik»TH. harji;** liDr.s. laHliiii<;'*. i-tt- ; 

nuAiiiiilry n-imir.s 

I atoani Iio>e 

pairs 



6ri8. 60 

4, 101. 20 

239. 73 

21,002 ra 

1,773.97 

2,784.11 

4,7(r7.07 

5, 3:U. 06 

1,001.28 

5t<i). 57 

46S. KM 

8.'i2. 33 

If »•»■>• «*0 

l,r>7.J.H7 



4. 027. 06 



7 buildings for Btonn.:: plnnt and material 677.97 

nken uradvr and sinker niarhincry 18i>. 86 

Dgand extfndin<j: way.-* I 6,840.98 

<^t on wavA i ,...'. ' 2. OT.'t. 00 

rrteet ...' 2.118.30 

e around l»oatfl, pulling drift, watebin;;, and p*neral i 

lant I 13,723.21 

n kl(5 for Mtorinff htiat** • 

ind lire gn-nadc>i. \\ aste. coal oil, ami miHcrllaneous | 



T.ha«ed : 

king machinery for mill 

m hainmor amf hoiHtinj; en<;inG 

nig<N*, beatinji: Htove^t. ami nicsrt ntensiU 

itra. wheollmrrowH. Mcicliin;: ncalrH. tinihiT tnirkH. 

11 twda 

re-extin;;uisbir 



atlon 

int-id<'Utal exj»i iis s. 
81-rvif*' 



164.03 



Total. 



581.67 
2. 735. 20 

6, 883.' 76" 

777.92 

1,049.60 

1,979.00 

1.145.90 

335.41 

203.10 

1,381.84 

153.22 

180.26 

314.43 

3.041.20 

1, 747. 85 

808.33 

4. .'{86. 01 




1,073.05 
1,604.54 



$5,806.40 

8, 200. 79 

1,872.81 

787, 43 

604.75 



I 12,281.18 



1.240.27 
6,839.40 

239.73 
27.886.30 
2,551.80 
3,833.71 
6,746.07 
6,480.(9 
1.336.00 

792.76 
1,850.72 
1,005.57 
1,421.61 
1,888.30 
3,041.20 
1,747.85 

898.33 
0, OU. 07 

78, 814. 57 



1,131.66 

185.86 

11.503.72 

2.712.53 

2.210.31 

13,723.21 
1,073.05 

1. 604.54 



34,243.88 

= — ^=3 



2,960.64 
1,454.25 
1. 130. 70 

703.85 
88.50 



6,387.04 



4.778.02 
5.622.82 
7, 5!»2. 00 



irvicc ! 13,775.00 



163.306.31 



of plant uintcriul on hand aiuounts to 9^13,757.7:?. 



bURVEYii. 



^\t\^ of rro.<tM HcctioiiH on rnii>(e8 normal to the direction of the lines of 
I at and Iwtweuii dilcctn that wero constnict-ed or in course of coustmc- 
r thos<^ \s'\^.. :) construction hn.s been approved but not begun, has been 
ing the yei.r. 

>m 267 



4258 REPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. JLRMT. 

Bovoral nieaRiirementa of discharge hnve also been made and a few series of ibiMi. 
levels obatirvi'd. 

A low- water survey of the reach of riv. i between Stanley Island and the G» 
coniide River wait made during the fall of ltj92. 

The above work waft carried on by a party which was also employed in pritf 
lines and levels for dikes under constmi-tion and in making meabureinentfl of wni 
constructed. The cost of this service, including the plotting of iield. notes and mak* . 
ing mai>s and tracing, amounts to $8,869.75. 

1 have been assisted in conducting the operations referred to in this report \if 
assiHtants R. H. Bacot, A. II. Weber, and R. A. Crawford, in charge of constmctidi 
parties; by assiHtant S. W. Benediit, in charge of Bur\'oy8 and hydrographic wad^ 
and by Mr. Morris Hoseubach in nuikiug up pay rolls and accounts. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Saml. H. Yonge, 
IHvisiOH Enginur. 
Lieut. Col. Chas. R. Sutek, 

Corps of Kuglneers, V. »S. A., 

Fresident Miattouri River Cotiintitfi<ion. 



Appendix F. 

ANXrAL REPORT OF MR. 8. WATKRS FOX, DIVISION KNGI>rEER, QASCONADE D^^*' 

SION, 1893. 

Missouri River Commission, 
Office of Division Engineer, 

Hermann^ Mo., June 30, lS9o' 

Colonel: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations uu^ 
my charge on the Gasconade division of the MisAouri River during the fiscal y^ 
ending June 30, 1893, viz: . 

Operations on this division consisted in hydrogruphic survey work; the est* 
lisbuicnt of headriuarters (for this and other works under my charge) at Henn:>**! 
Mo.; the establishment of a boatyard at (iascouadc, Mo., with storage and lami5 
ing ways, storage yards and Rheds for coustruction materials, plant, and supplj** 
railroad terminal facilities, work8hoi)a and quarters, and steam woml-work*'' 
plant; the construction of telephone line from Hermann, Mo., to Gasconade, H^ 
the preparation of designs for and couHtriiction of now flt>ating]>lant; the c«»n8tr*^ 
tion of revetment; the preparation of a project for the improvement of the ri^" 
from Little Tavern Creek to Rhineland Landing, and miscellaneous work incid«^ 
thereto. 

The following ill untrations accompany the report, viz: 

A map (Plate i) of that portion of the ri\er embraced in the project for imprc^ 
ment, sliowing proposed rectification, the location of the boatyard, and therev^ 
mcnt (A-B) constructed during the current seaHon; a photograph taken June ^ 
1893, looking upstream from the lower end of the revetment, showing the ror^ 
ment, some of the new floating ])lant, and the yard ; a drawing (Plate ii) of boatya^ 
showing the arrangement of ways, hication of buildings, track, and levees. 

On the 18th of August, 1892, you informed me verbally that the Gasronadedi*^ 
si on of the Missouri River, extending from the mouth of the Gasconade River 
Washington, Mo., had been assigned to my charge; subsequently, by yonr instrO 
tions of March 8, 1893, the upi)er limit of the division was extended to Little Tavcr* 
Creek; that the floating plant then in my care at Omaha and St. Joseph woi* 
finally be concentrated on the Gasconade division; and that Kuch new plant 
would be required in the contemplated annual expenditure of funds for impro"^ 
ment work on thatdivisi<m sliould be designed at once, with a view of having it 
readiness for service by July 1, 1893. 

August 28 Ui ^*epti»inber 3 I matle a trip over the division on the V, 8. Steamer Alf^ 
and selected Hermann, Mo., as the most suitable place for the location of an oft^ 
and the strip of bottom lana to the north of Gasconade as the only suitable place ^ 
a boatyard. 

Surrey, — In accordance with yonr instructions, ahydrographic survey of the ri*? 
from (las- ona<le to New Haven was made October 1 to I)e<emb<T 31. Subsequent ^ 
March 13 to April H, the survey was extended to Little Tavern Creek. A map oft 
survey was made in pencil to a scale of 1 inch to l,00i) feet, and forwarded May 
to the St. Louis otlice for completion in ink and reduction to a scale of 1 inch 
2,000 feet. The soundings were platted, for easy comparison with subsequent sous^ 
lugs, on cross-section i>aper. . , 



SHDIX % Z — REPORT Oli" MISSOURI BIVBB COMMSSIOX. 4261 

milt And north of thftgnartoM has been teaetred fbrui 

liimofliiilU. 

r the KTOund in the yard wan qnitn nnevnn and gnl^eat tal 
^Lr>tiii(ri>ii[na31.5 fral nliove S.I,. W. and 1.3 feel helnw tha I 
:, ' iipcinDt tho Tow places in that portion nf tbefBrd iiUBd inoati 
!•, nniL tlic ttyatem of InvniiB sliown ou the plate wm hnilt. Tlie location's 
_ if UiD lovucH urn niioh that tliu aiiur trauk uubiido nf tlie yard will he pro^ 
Kagftinst overflow to u stugu of 97 fi-ut. und that purtion of thn yard inoloMdV 
^ to a stagt^ of 101 icet, wliifli is 0,U Sevi atiove oxtrctno hijgli wutor. UTio eoiilT 
tefttt to premioon in the .yard wiui*53.1.60; the cuat of tholeveee wai«l,117J0d 
— Tywde of euMh embaukmutit. in the levee ie 5,558. T 

lephouu line, oonoeetinj; thv lieUl olUue in the qnurtPiB at tbe boan 

'~' ,aii ofllue, 'WOO erected MaruL 7 to May 6, and equipped with teli] 

The lenutbof the line is 7.32 mileB. The cost is hLowu '-" 

bIMt C. 

„. -ttlion. — Tbe constrnction of tbe hoote and ebiITt authortred was begad 

mW a* aoon a* BLiffiuleut iniit«iial had lievii ju^ciiriiulated at tlie yard) and 
Jaad with ft furcu uommei>anrat« witli IJie rate of delivers thereafter to the anjl 
■ flwal year. The following woe the stntna of tlie work at that time, i 
^■llHitrod bkl&H were finished ; no work hnd been done on the one-piiir'-oaTed 
Hthe mat«rinlB for them had not yet arrived. 
lattreas boats had heeu finished with the exception of the ways and kevela 
T outfit* of capstans. Tliey were launched June 15, 16, nnd IT; the other 
mIh TBrions stages of completion. 
KtwoqiiartoT boats for brush parties were finished, outfitted, and lannched I 
Tfifi halls of three cross- boats for pile sinkers werefiniebod and launched, « 
n Juue24. and the other dune 36. Tbe hnlls nf three pile sinker manbinaa 
raen flniahed and launched June S7, 2B, and 30, rnapectively. ■ 

in«f tbe six lead towors were created in the yard, und practienlly flnisbedj 
HpUoing some of thn tip rods and bolts and puinting them. The two Crauv 
hr bail^ to he hiiitt ut tbe yurds, were finished except painting. Tbe offleti^ 
Bp^T boat, lunneluil June 24, vraa practiually finished, except some inaid^ 
P^ tfia painters. The lines of the new ateam tenders had been laid dowu, t" 

~ b, and the luluhnr and hanlware piifhiiHcd, but as delivery of tbemfttO'S 
d not been niwle, nothing furtlier oniild bo done. The lineu uf tlie new huUI 
**«<« bwl benn laid down, tbe molds mode, a bill of materiuls gotten outV 
D market. 

!i price, ecureity, and dilSeuIlT of sei^uriiig. within a reasonable or definiUj 
'^tinie, uplanil-grown white iiuk, for boat coustiuction, suggested the use o^ 
in or Duuglm tir. The office boat, tbe small quarter boats, and the mattra 
-j—il bldlt almost wxolnsively of fir. The use of this material 
Dnmrt eonatractiou on tbe Missouri River, and some difilculty i 
gtM fltst, chiefly in bendin){ it. With proper steaming and careful handlini 
^1 it bonds iTuU in one direction, and with great care can be formed In alnu 
ff that is possible with oak. In all other respects, except that of b&rdneeg, 
Ht1«r Otlapted to tbe service than the oak which isfnmiBlied. It is very' 



;lir conBtrautioD. 

'HCliuo. — The protection of the right bank of the river in the vicinu 
' tbe (uinBtrnotioa of 3,210 linear feet of revetment (see scconipa^ 
an hegnn in accordance with you instnintions, April 4. and. tin ' 
>linn of about 200 feet of upper bank work, Jnoe 30, Tbra 
1 ,ii)d sixty linear feet, or 3,811,636 sqnure feet of mattress wera 
. <>l' an average width of 86.38 feet. The hrnah used in tkuj 
' |>TirchHsedin open market as follows, vii: 64i().l cords at SI.ST 
I i-'irds at $1.25 per cord, delivered on the work at point* uj, 
oi'k hallast was procured by hired labor from a ijnarry In tlu 
B the right bnnk of tbeGaeconude River, about three- fourths of a mileabo-'^ 
'%. Tbe cost of the revetment is shotrn in Appendix, Exhibits D, E, and 
itttnHrt. — The handling of floating plant on the roach, incident to revel 
VMntntotion, was performed hy the steamerB Goteonade, Pin Oak. and Sabrti 
'" Mb was employed under a charter of $30 per day for the hiiat and cw 
_--. ™. From that lime until May 26, whem the Sabt ina arrived with a tow 
Ira^t bargee from KanaaH City, the work was done by the Pin Oak. [ti 
"*™ij In handling lock bargee, when required, between the (|niirry anil 

1 She was paid for the service at an average rate of $3.23 per borgt 

[rton-mile. 

e Btennicr Wm. Slntio delivcrnd at Coaconiule two 
8. division for nee in the oonstrncliou of the hoat-yard 



42(j2 RKPottT or the cuief of engineers, u, s. iBvnr. 

April 11 alio deUv«red from tbe Otuiut! tlivisioii tvo tinigli nnd stono IisrcM fiwa 
oti tlieaaaiB work. Mnrcli 31 sbe delivered ;i low nt GuBi^oiiHile fnitn Bii«Llivrei ""^ 
tiUtlnguf till- fulloirln^pioocs, viz: Oiiu bniuu. ^G bylUO feet, loaded wltD Miin: 
barge, 16 by 65 het, luadod witb oM iFKii'l]iiii'n' mid aorap-iron; three piln-ai 
Kmcbine liimts. fiud two Hm»1t Biii'i ' -■' '>i iih nutlits. 

ABstated in tbi- repocte for *:■■ I'- sli-amers Jfwt, v^iiWiM, B 

Oniiwnnrft wui* niuployed in tr>" ilia mid Si. JoMph to KuT 

City, tbo two I'oriiUT during till ■ it-t sinte June I. 

Tht) delivery (■!' the tlrvt I'rnin K . linlc waflr.MkL'D part iDliyft" 

threeBteamBrSitLeBtenruiT Hin. Ar.. . n.uiy. Tbot'*n6ri«aliiB<lrfiM<* 

ftHstated above, ciniatHMii^ <•( Tin ; ■ i _ KiiiiBdH City Mfty Slonilur' 

ing at Gasconade Mny^fi. Tli. ■..!■■ ■■ ' ■ iiv witli hor Hrst tow of«IiW^ 

for Gasconade Jnno 10. She nun l.i.i <i|i ,.i .<. n. j.-.m City from Jnne I<l tn Jil»i 
Tepairiog damage tn hur rliimncys i-ui'ihiilciI I,,\ i.,iii>ii)g agninat a ferry cahlo Hin 
tlie river at UdIo, Nebr. Ou June 2^ bLu univud at Uuscnnndc with a Boroiid to* 
ten liiills, and cleared the BHiite day fer Kniisoa City with two tnnt-boats In tc 
be left at F.wlnca Lnnding. 

The tiomNiniu^ left Kansue City with her flriit tuw of fa nr 100- foot Iiiurget Jn»l 
and arrived nt Gasconade June 26. She then node a round trip betnceu Gnafim* 
and Evriugs Landing, tn return to Uiviaion Eugloper yi>nge two 100-foot hW 
loaned for ubo on this division, and to liriug liaolc a small barge and boibr < 
cleared for Kansas City for another tow Jnne 28. 

Jnne 7 I was inibrmwl that tlio st^nnier Wnt. Stove hail been placed under i 
orders for duty in the same aerviue. ] wired iuslrnetionB that day to pruoecd, "H 
ont delay, to Kansas City for a tow. She st-arted June M, tlie interim harin|( W 
devoted to tbe renewal of her obimneya. She left Kanana City Juno Z8 witb t ""^ 
of six hiilis. After her arrival at Gaaeonade she will be seut to Bnshbcrg, tn BCD 
Knee witb tbe instnictions eontained in yonr lett«r dated June 2S, for a l«w of 
new barges. 

Repaira and allfraliont of plant. — Tbe two mattress boata received Harob fflb' 
the Osnuu division were overhauled, provided with aprona, reel rtteka and W 
fail^lendere, «tc. Tlie entire tow received Mureh 31 frunj Buabb^rg wae pntctlol 
nnaerviceable; tlie deck of tbe large bargn badbroken tlironghinaunmborof pBrf*^^ 
thu liiill at one of ttie pilo-sinkera and that of the Biirvey qnarter-bnat /'ommMI 
heen crnalied in, Hud one comer, abont G feet each way, of the oabla of the 111 
had beau carried away. A force whs at once employed putting the pinoea In MD 
tion for aervico. Two of the pile ainkers were overhauled, and arranged ia&<t 
fitted for UBO as hydraulle graders. The other sinker wiia dfamantled, and tltali 
naud tn curry a set of lea'Is and special apparatiia for driving tbo annbor pOM- 
tlie revetment. The quarter-boat Pappooie was repaired, and the oabjn rMNMHl 
for nsu as a dining room and kitchen for the quarry force of 4U men. The oUl 
the other small qiiarttr-boat (No. 25) was taken off the hnll, placed on liuia > 

EoinI couvcnienl of arreestothe quarry, and remodeled for use aa sleepiDg Qiiin 
y tbe quarry fiirce. The coat of these repairs is abown in Appendix, ExhibilA 
I'rojn-t for Impniremeiit. — In accordance with your iuBtructtoua, I prepa rrf j 
anbuiUted to you, under date of May 27, a project, witb e.itimateaof eoatalr'^'' 
to $358,850, for the improvement of tbe river &om Little Tavern Creek to^ 
Landing. 

Tbe accouipanying map, reduced by pantagraph, to u ecule of 1 inch i 
from the original, sfaowa the location of tbe progioaed improvement work 
fication. The project contemplates, by means of pile dikes and 

standard types approved by the Comniidsion, tbe concentration a 

the low-water flow of tbe river to a width of 1, 100 feet between the lines, a 
I am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

a, Watkbb Tax, 
IHvitiof»M 
[jlent. Col. CiiAe, K. BrTEB, 

Corp* of Engintiirt, U.S. A., 

PTtiident AfiHUori Itiver Cvmmiiiian 



IA*t of cihib'ilt forming appen^ir acevmpitiiDiHg i}\e. f ongoing rrpori. 

r Exhibit A. — Cost in item of shop and qnarteTS, 
Exhibit R, — Cost in item of steam planing and aawinili. 
Exhibit C— Cost in item of telephone. 
Exhibit U. — Coat in item of revetment. 

Exhibit E. — Kfiscellaneone data and el(<nient« of cost of revetment. 
Exhibit F.— Bill of coat of revetment. 



'ENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4261 

pace east of the mill and north of the qoarters has been reserved for use as a 
rd ill the construction of hulls. 

latural surface of the grouud in the yard -was quite uneven and subject to 
w, the highest ground being 21.5 feet above S.L. W. and 1.3 feet below the 
*1892. On this account the low places in that portion of the yard used most 
lied up, and the system of levees shown on the plate was built. The location 
ght of the levees are such that the spur track outside of the yard will be pro- 
Bgainst overflow to a stage of 97 feet, and that portion of the yard inclosed 
Q to a stage of 101 feet, which is 0.2 feet above extreme high water. The cost 

Sthe depressions in the yard was $532.60 ; the cost of the levees was $1,117.90 ; 
cubic yards of earth embankment in the levee is 5,558. 
o-wire telephone line, connecting the iield office in the quarters at the boat- 
ith the Hermann office, was erected March 7 to May 6, and equipped with tel- 
instruments. The length of the line is 7.32 miles. The cost is shown in 
lix, Exhibit C. 

conttruciion. — ^The construction of the boats and skiffs authorized was begun 
imber as soon as sufficient material had been accumulated at the yard, and 
led with a force commensurate with the rate of deliverv thereafter to the end 
fiscal year. The following was the status of the work at that time, viz: 39 
tair-oared skiffs were finisned; no work had been done on the one-pair-oared 
ks the materials for them had not yet arrived. 

'mattress boats had been finished with the exception of the ways and kevels 
leir outfits of capstans. They were launched June 15, 16, and 17; the other 
ire in various stages of completion. 

two quarter boats for brush parties were finished, outfitted, and launched 
4. Th<^ hulls of three cross-boats for pile sinkers were finished and launched, 
them June 24. and the other June 26. The hulls of three pile sinker machine 
irere finished and launched June 27, 28, and 30, respectively. 
« of the six lead towers were erected in the yard, and practically finished 
placing some of the tie rods and bolts and painting them. The two Cram 
)r lea«ls, to be built at the yards, were finished except painting. The office 
ipply boat, launched June 24, was practically finished, except some inside 
>y the painters. The lines of the new st«am tenders had been laid down, the 
made, and the lumber and hardware ]>ur('hasod, but as delivery of the mate- 
id not been made, nothing further could be done. The lines of the new hull 
- Thetis had been laid down, the molds made, a bill of materials gotten out 
Qt to market. 

high price, scarcity, and difficulty of securing, within a reasonable or definite 
of time, upland-grown white oak, for boat construction, suggested the use of 
Bgon or Douglas tir. The office boat, the small quarter boats, and the mattress 
rere built almost exclnsivoly of fir. The use of this material was an innova- 
boat oonstrnctiun on the Missouri River, and some difficulty was experienced 
;at first, chiefly in bending it. With proper steaming and careful handling, 
Br, it bends well in one direction, and witli great care can be formed in almost 
»y that is possible with oak. In all other respects, except that of hardness, it 
letter adapted to the service than the oak which is furnished. It is very much 
r. Two other important features are that it may be gotten promptly, and of 
sired length. Oak was used in the construction of the other hulls; redwood 
press in skift' construction. 

ment canstnicHon. — The protection of the right bank of the river in the "\icin- 
xasconade, by the construction of 3,210 linear feet of revetment (see accompa- 
nap A — B), was begun in accordance with your instructions, April 4, and fin- 
nrith the exception of about 200 feet of upper bank work, June 30. Three 
nd two hundred and sixty lin«uir feet, or 2,811,626 square feet of mattress were 
in three pieces, of an average width of 86.1^ feet. The brush used in this 
.,781 cords, waw purchased in open market as follows, viz: 660.1 cords at $1.50 
fil, and 1,120.9 cords at $1.25 per cord, delivered on the work at points of 
itnre. The rock ballast was procured by hired labor from a cpiarry in the 
m the right bank of the Gasconade River, about three-ftmrths of a mile above 
ith. The cost of the revetment is shown in Appendix, Exhibits D, E, and F. 
oat serrire. — The handling of floating plant on the reach, incident to revet- 
ouAtmction, was performed by the steamers Gasronadej Piu Oak. and Sahrina. 
iBConade was employed under a charter of $30 per day lor the boat and crew 
il 10. From that time until May 26, when the Sahiina arrived with a tow of 
00-foot barges from Kansas City, the work was done by the Pin Oak. Itcon- 
timply in handling rock barges, when required, between the (|uarry and the 
ent work. She was paid for the service at an average rate of $3.23 per barge, 
)1,922 per ton-mile. 

[arch ii the steamer Wm. Stone delivered at Gasconade two mattress boats 
16 Osage division for use in the construction of the buat-yard revetment. On 



4264 REPORT OF TIIK CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. ARMY. 
ExiiiniT D. — Cost in detail ofSySlO linear feet of revetment at Oaaeonade, Mo., 



CloMiflcation and extent. 



Cost per 1 CoBt of 
unit. I each item. 



Procuring 1,781 cords of willow bmflh, viz : 

660.1 cords purchased, delivered ou work > $1. 50 

1,120.0 cords purchased, deliverad on work 1. 25 

Binding material i .0174 



$000.15 

1, 401. 12 

31.06 



Coat per 
linear 
foot. 



.{ 2, 422. 33 



Procuring 8,187 cubic yards of rock, We: i 

floarrv privilege 1 1 .01 j 81.87 

tripping, 2, 49i cubic yards .^ i .3365 | 840.24 

anarr\ing i .2033 1.664.42 

arging 1363 i 1,115 97 

Handling and piling 0341 j 280.00 

Supplies, powder, fuse, dynamite, and cnp.'* 0233 ; 101. 05 

Subsistence 0974 i 797.66 

Towage, labor, fuel, and nuhsistcnue . 1427 ! 1, 168. 35 



6, 130. 56 



Weaving 8,260 linear feet of mattress, viz : 

Labor 

Subsistence 



I 



.4303 I 1,432.81 



.1406 



.5889 



Anchoring 3,260 linear feet of mnttroHR, viz : 

Labor 

8ubsistf>n<« 



487.95 



10.7546 



1,920.26 



Strand, |", 29, 066 pounds, at $0. 037121 per itound 
Cable, l}", 46,843 pounds, at $0. 005 per pound 



. 1436 468. 16 

.0491 '■ 160.32 

. 3309 ! 1, 078. 97 

.0718 ; 234.21 



.5954 , 1,041.66 



Hydraulic grading. 11,735 cubic yards, viz: 

Labor 

SnbtiiRtonci; 

Fuel 



.0338 I 
.0081 I 
.0082 ! 



396.99 i 
95. .31 i 
96.15 • 



Sinking; and driviug ani-lior piling, vi/. 

Labor 

SiibMiNtoucc 

}^Iaterial. 335 piles 



IMaHiiu 8,187 eiibif yanis of rock, viz: 

Lalior ', 

Subsistence 



.0501 I 

.7508 : 
.0UL>G . 

2. 00 ! 

I 

li. 77:{4 : 



14-JO 
0484 



251.54 

75.94 

670.00 



fll»7. 48 



1.162.45 
;{H0. 70 



VMH 1.559.15 i 



LQ126 



TM 



.5962 



.6049 



588.45 I .1833 



3107 



.4858 



Total : I 4.8501 



Exhibit E. — MisaUo neons data and tlvnunts of roHt erhihitj (insvonadej Mo., . 



ClasftilicatioD and extent: 

Linoar feet of revetnii'nt 

Linear foot of mattress 

Square f<iet of mattress i 

Average width 

Total cost $15, 

Cost per linear foot of rcvetnunt \ 

Cost per sqnare (1(H) square fert j 

Meals issued to workmen (nnmlM r,) 

Subsistence, cost per capita per diem \ 



PPENDIX Z Z — REPORT OF MISSOURI RIVER COMMISSION. 4265 

niBiTF,^Billofco8t of .%310 linear feet of revetment at Oaeconade, Mo.,lS9S. 

ification and extent : 

60. 1 cords of brnsh deli verod on work, at $1 .50 per conl $990. 15 

.120.9 cords of bruMli delivered on work, at $1.25 per cord 1, 401. 12 

70^ ]»ound8 of binding wire, No. 18, at $3.20 per ewt 31. 06 

9,061) pounds of wire strand, f-ineli, at $0.037121 per pound 1, 078. 97 

6,843 pounds of cable, secoud-hiuid, 1^-inch, at $0,005 per i)ound 234. 21 

35 Cottonwood piles, at $2 eacli (i70. 00 

,187 cubic yards of rock, viz: 

Quarry "privileji^e 81.87 

Quarry supplies, powder, fuse, etc 191. 05 

8,187 cubic yards procured by hired labor 4, 098. 29 

.abor and subsistence: 

Ballasting l,r.r)9. 15 

Weaving 1,J»20.26 

Anchoring ; 628.48 

<abor, fuel, and subsistence: 

Hydraulic gi-adiug 588. 45 

Sinking and driving anchor piling '. 327. 43 

Towage 1,168.35 

Total cost, exclnslYe of administration, cxire, and repair of plant . 15, 568. 89 



I* 



APPENDIX AAA. 



^ OCCUPANCY OF AND INJURY TO PUBLIC WORKS BY CORPORATIONS AND 
i INDIVIDUALS. 



IBsported under leotlon 2, ri^er and hurbor act of 1884, and section 4, river and harbor act of 1886.] 



1. Report of Cajpt. Thomas L. Casny, ; 5. Report of Maj. William Ludlow, Corps 
Corps of Engineers. j of Ku^^inoers. 

8. JEtaport of Maj. Charles E. L. B. Davis, | 6. Report of Col. O. M. Foe, Corps of En- 
Corps of Enffineers. -..«-.— 

8. Heport of MsJ. A. M. Miller, Corps of 
JSngineers. 



4. Beport of MaJ. D. W. Lockwood, Corps 
oj Engineers. 



giueura. 

7. Report of Maj. E. H. Ruffner, Corps of 
Engineers. 

8. Report of MaJ. T. H. Handbury, Corps 

of Engineers. 



(1) beport op oapt. thos. l. casey, corps of engineers. 

United States Engineer Office, 

New York, August 10, 1893. 

0£NBBAL: I have the honor to transmit herewith a report on ^^oceii* 
pation or ii^jory to piers," etc., to accompany my annual rei>ort for the 
fiscal year ending Jdne 30, 1893. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Thos. L. Casey, 
Captain, Corps of Engineers. 
Brig. Oen. Thomas L. Casey, 

Chief of Ungineers, U, 8. A. 



dikes, 
south river, new jersey. 



The Sayre and Fisher Company and Wni. F. Fisher liave occupied 
portions of dikes in the canal for several years. Tliey have brickyards 
in the rear of the dikes; have filled in out to them, usin^ the dikes as a 
bulkhead and landing for loading and unloading cargoes. ^No damage 

4267 



42t>S KEL'OKi oi' raK luief of knglneers, v. 

or injury ha-'* been iloiiP tlie dikes .is yet. Sayre and Fisher amid 
a pennit to make tlii« nse nl ,Mie dike in 1888, but owing to aispntel 
til tille to llie land, none was granted. 

CANAESIE BAT, NEW YORK. 

1(1 18S1 a permit was granted oue B, B. Remsen to constrart •frM 
building on the end of the north dike, he agreeing to protect the iS 
from trespassing fishermen. The buihling had been used for then 
of intoxit'iints. and consequently was the means of drawing iTespUH 
htste^d of being a prolectton. This permit was revoked Septemberfl 
ISyii, and tlie oci^upant notified September 15, 1892, to vacate tliedi^" 
removing the bnilding therefrom within seven days fi'om that d 
which was accordingly complied with. 

PASSAIC BIVKB, NEW JEBSET. 

The injury worked to (he dike in Newark Bay by the contractors rf 
the Jersey Oily, Newark and Western Eailroad Company iu violat' 
of section 9 of the river and harbor act of September 19, 1890, repoi' 
in Annual Report for 1W92, was reported to the United States attor 
for the district of New Jersey September 12. 1892, iu compliance v>i 
Department instructions of September 7, 1892, and no information hi 
as yet been received as to what action, if any, has been takes in H 
matter. 



{2) BRPORT OF MAJ, CHAS. E. I,. B. DAVIS, mitPS OF EXI^IITBEBS. 

United Stajes Kngineeb Office, 

Wask'mnlim 1). 0., Juiy 10, 1>&3. I 
General: In accordance with General OrderaNo. 6, Ueadquwlfff^ 
Corps of Engineers, Washington, June 1,1887, nud General (>rdw 
No. 9, &om the same headquarters, dated June 26, 1888, I bvn fl" 
honor t« submit the following report of all coses in which piers, bn* 
waters, locks and dams, or other structures or works built or made I> 
the United States in aid of commerceor navigation in this diBtrirti*' 
used, occupied or injured by a corporation or an individunl, ftDdt^ 
extent and mode of such use, occupation or injury. 

OCnUPANrV of the POTOMAC flats BBLOWaniGTO THE woEn<3 
[SirjiaVEMENT OF THF, POTOMAC BITER, AT WASHINGTOK, DWTH ' 



Henry Lyiea, Henry S. McGlne, Louis M. Goodrick, Valentine E 
sam, and John B. Lord, all residents of Washington, are in the It 
and have been for some years past, of using a portion of theli 
reclaimed by filling in by the Goverment in carrying on its impKi 
ment of the Potomac Kiver, for the purpose of carrying on a traffiol 
liujiding-sand. The sand is brought in scows through the sewer cao^ 
<'ro8eing the flats near the foot ot Seventeenth street NW., and pllf 
up on the land alongside the canal and tlience removed by carta to VI 
riiins points of delivi-ry in the city, In addition, the last-named pen 
John B. Lord, builds barges, scows, ete.,on the bauksof the small ti 



FPEKDIX A A A— OCCUPANCY AND INJURY TO PUBLIC WORKS. 4269 

3aervoir on the flats, hauling hiA building materials throup^h the large 
ud the small tidal renervoirs and tlicireoiinectiiip: channels. 

As all this is in direct violation of section 9 of the river and harbor 
ictof September 19, 1890, a report in accordance with section 11 of the 
lame act, giving the informattou to the United States district attorney, 
vas made July 18, 1892. 

H. Clay Jones, of Alexandria, Va., has built a small wharf or hmd- 
og partly on ground belonging to the Potomac Kiver improvement and 
ibattiug on the tidal reservoir, in order to facilitate the loading of ves- 
;ei8 with manure. This was also reported to the United States District 
Utomey April 4, 1893. 

On June 20, 1893, a letter was addressed to the United States l)is- 
rict Attorney requesting information as to the status of these cases, 
mt up to date no answer has been received. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

CuAs. E. 1j. S. Davis, 



Major y Corjfs of Engiiwcrs. 



Brig. Gen. Thomas L. Casey, 

Chief of Engineers^ U, S. A. 



(3) REPORT OF MAJ. A. M. MILLER, CORPS OF ENGINEERS. 

The only additional intbrmation received during the fiscal year end- 
ing June 30, 1893, concerning the occupation of, trespass upon, or 
injury to public works in cliarge of this ofiice, is as follows: 

1. A fence owned by Mr. L. F. Allien, of Bay View, Tex., projected 
ou the Government proi)erty at Morgan Point. Mr. Allien was notified 
to remove this fence by ^^fovember 30, 1892, which he did. 

2. A portion of the residence of Mr. J. J. Atkinson projected about 
15 feet upon the Government ground at Morgan Point. Notice was 
•^ed on him to remove house by December 31, 1802. This was done. 

3. A wharf belonging to Mr. L. F. Allien was built on the right 
Jftnk of Morgan Canal, thus obstructing a navigable water of the 
J^nited States. Mr. Allien was notified to remove wharf by Govern- 
"®f 30, 1802, and was given permission to build a new wharf off the 
'^Servation, which he did. 

*• On August 24, 189l', the steam tug Juno, Capt. L. F. Folk, having 
J dredge in low, collided with the revetment at Morgan Canal, and 
J^'^^aged it by splitting one of the square piling. The matter was 
■^Ported to the Chief of Engineers, U. S. A., Washington, D. C, and 
i? Wxe United States District Attorney at Paris, Tex., ou September 5, 

,,"ubmitted in compliance with Special Order Ko. 9, Headquarters, 
^^«»t>8 of Engineers, June 20, 1888. 

A. M. Miller, 
Major^ Cori)s of Enyinecra. 

^IWTED States Engineer Office, 

Oalveiiton, Tex.y July i, 1893. 



i 



4270 EEPORT or THE C-Hier op UNOtSEERS, U. 9. . 

(i) nEl'OIlT OF IIAJ. D, W. LOOKWOOD, CORPS OV BNGlS 

United States Ehgineee Offiob, 

Ciaointtati, Ohio, iSeptetttber 3, l&i't 

Geneual: III lei.ly to Department letter of Angiist30, 1893,11m 

the boiioi- t'l report tliat the cmly instauce in the Oistrict in my chw 

of occnpantw ol' and iiyury to public wurlcs by corporations andia 

viduulH ia a» iblluws: 

LOCK wo. 3, GBEEM EIVER. KEKTDCKT. 

A. J. Gniig is occupying about 1^ acres of the TTnilctl States b 
on abutment side of river. 

The matter has been reported to the United States Attorney forE< 
tuclty. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

D. W. IjorKwooD, 
Major of EnginOtt 
Brig. Gen. Thomas L. Casey, 

Chief of Engineers, U. S. A. 



[5] eeport of maj. william ludlow, coups of engineeb8. 

United States Enginbeb Oppide, 

Detroit, Mich., July IT, l89i 
General: Complying with General Orders So. 9, of June aa,li 
[ liH,v« the honor to re|)ort with refervnue to the works in my obi 
that there aro no cases of use or occupation of Goverameiit works^ 
aid of comm«rci-' or navigation dnring the past fiscal year, with tte' 
lowing exception: 

The n(!t of July 13, 1892, in appi opriating tor the harbor tt 
Joseph, contains the following; 

The Ciuoiuniiti, Wubash and MiobigKn Rttilroad Cnnipauy, onnnrs ot tbtU 
abutting nn the iioi'l.h side of Saint JoNeph Kivcr nnd unrboT. iUuU ba* a th« rij 
tolmiil and uaWd frtigbt orer the enst Inreu hundred fcet of tbe wing dam of « 
«on«lru('ted iit tbo cntriiuoe to Bcuton Harlrnr Cannl, in tho harbor of Saint Jr— '^ 
Ufehl^m, undet' mivh regulations and ord«is ns m.-iv bu aiiprriviTl !>y ibc- Sec- 
of War; said riftbt to l>e at uny time rovoeabl* by nim or ri>i. i! 'r 

dotiuo to enid ciinipauy; and in oonBiderntioo tberuof tbe ^ ''J 

aball, Ht tbelruviii proper cost und nxpunBe, rebuild, repair, t-y 
•aid tbree bnodrad {ett uf wing dniii; all such rebuilding, re]< ■ 
be douenodor tbe direction of the Chief of Enginwraof tlie In.' 






The Cincinnati, Wabaah and Michigan Hailroad is now a dtvtstoiii 
the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway ByBtein,Ot 
monly <lesignated "Tlie Big Four." ^^ 

The company has in part availed itself of the privilege accorded,! 
propoMeH presently tu complete the work. The plans for rebuildl 
etc., were submitted December 29. 1692, and after certain moditlflali 
had been made at my suggestion, were approved by the Chief of B 
neers under date of January 27, 1893. 

The known instances of injury done to works in my charge art 
ftillows : 

X. Portage Lake, August 18, 1892. — The scliooner Cuba ran mt« 
end of the north j>ier, breaking olf the horns and four ujiper o' 
wale timbers, and injuring the decking. 

2. Muskegon Harbor, October 28, 1S92. — Schooner Ralph Cams 



i AAA — OCCUPANCY AND INJUBY TO PUBLIC W0BK8. 427 1 

at 2 a. in. in rongh weather, struck the south pier about 100 
e the end, and tore away a considerable portion of the elevated 
;ing to tlie light-hou»e. 

e harbor and date. — Schooner Nellie Hammond entering at 
ith violent sea, struck first one pier, and rebounding struck 
*. The injury to piers was not material, but the schooner 
and subsequently raised. 

kegon, November 21, 1892. — Schooner Minerva entering in a 
t gale struck the end of the north pier, cutting through the 
ibers and the upx)er six courses of the end wall. 
J of the additional cribs to be built this season, immediate 
ere not deemed necessary. 

3 of these cases of collision did the facts indicate special £Etult 
rt of the vessels. 



ry respectfully, 



en. Thomas L. Casey, 
hUfof Ungineei'Sy U. 8. A, 



William Ludlow, 
Major J Corps of Engineers^ 

Bvt, Lieut, Col.j U, S. A. 



bepobt op ool. o. m. poe, cobps of engineebs. 

United States Engineeb Office, 

Detroit, Mich., September 2, 1893. 

AL: In accordance with section 4 of the river and harbor act 
it 6, 1886, the General Orders No, 9, Headquarters Corps of 
R, June 26, 1888, I have the honor to report the following 
ere " piers, breakwaters, etc.," under my charge '' have been 
iipied, or injured by a corporation or individual " during the 
r ending June 30, 1893. 

DS occupied by u. s. light-house establishment. 

cited States Light-House Establishment occupies as site for 
^er's dwelling a portion of the St. Marys Falls Canal grounds, 
3y 200 feet, extending from the south bank of the canal to 
eet in the city of Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., and just west of the 
meridian of Michigan, the authority for this occupation being 
f Secretary of War William C. Endicott dated March 25, ISSH, 
g terminable at pleasure of the War Department; also the 
end of the southwest canal pier, by a light house, and a por- 
:e northwest pier by a range light; authority by act of Con- 
ed March 3, 1879. 

ited States Light-House Establishment also occupies the lower 
jr ends of the west i)ier of the St. Clair Flats Ship Canal !)y 
jcs. Authority by acts of Congress dated July 28, 186G, and 
1871. 

OY OF public lands, ETC., BELONOINO TO THE RESERVA- 
TION OF ST. MARYS FALLS CANAL, MICHIGAN. 

the fiscal year ending June 30, 1803, the reservation hasl)eon 
as reported in my annual report for 1891, printed on p. 38G8 



4272 KEPOItT OF THE CHIEF OF ENOINEEKS, U. S. ARMlfj 

rt »eq., of tho Anunal Eepoit of tlio Cbief of Enpiie^rB for V 
ufiditioTi, tlie following new cases of oi^ciipancy have occuired : 

1. By tht^ Edison Sanlt Elet'tnc Comjiaiiy by an embauktiicnt dllt 
The authority I'or this iKiunpation is a "revocable license" to tlie Va 
son Bault Electric Company, a corporation esisting under tUv laws 
the State of Michigan, to constinct and miiiiitiiin u dam in the i 
Marys Biver Rapids, adjaoent to the jnoperty of the Edt.-<oii Sat 
Electric Company, at Sanlt 8te. Marie and estending into the rivm' 
a point half the distance from the shore to iBlunds Nos. 1 ant) 2, granfa 
by Acting Secretary of War L, A. Grant on tho 13th day ot Anew 
1892. 

2. By the city of Sanlt Ste. Marie, Mich., by an intake pipe for wirt 
inpply. The authority for this occupation is » "revocable Ilvouse" 
the city of Saolt Ste. Marie, a munifipal corporation esiMtiiig under tl 
laws of the State of Michigan, to lay a new intake [lipa from Vnm 
Bouse to 200 feet above upper end of South West pier (Lock of ISS 
and nearly parallel to said pier, granted by Secretary of War Daai 
S, Laniont ou the ^Ist day of March, 1893. 

INJURIES TO PIESS, ETC., OF ST. CLAIB FLATS OAHAI,, MIOHlGi. 

On April 20, 1803, the steam barge PkUlip Minch, boand dow 
sheered, and ran int« the east pier, doing $147.05 damage. 

On June 10, 1803. the steamer Saginaw YalLey sheered and ran hi 
west pier, doing ♦OT.SG damage. 

No further use, oceupution, or injury to works in my charge thi 
these above reported, are kuown to have occurred dnriag the An: 
year ending June 30, 189^. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

O. M. POE, 
Colonel, Oorps of JCngmeert, 

Bvt. Brig. General^ U. 8. A. 
Brig. Gen. TaoMAs L. Casev. 

Chief (if Engineers, U.S.A. 



(7) uei'ort of uaj, b, h. euffnbe, ooeps of engineers. 

United States Enginf.ee Office, 

Buffalo, N. y., Jubj 21, 1393. 
General: In accordance with oircular letter, Department Headqn.1 
ters, August 15, 1802, 1 have t^o report that the Delaware, LaokawatiD 
and Western Railroad nre in unlawful possession of the Nor^ Untte 
States Pier at Buflulo, N. Y. This matter has been repeatedly reporb 
npon by my picdcrcxsorR, and the status at present is that tho atuM 
ani UniUfi ytiili^i Diwtrirt Atloiney, in whose hands the matter is ft 
repoit.liMs irciiuyiiiiTided to the Attorney-General that the OuitedStad 
seize luiil liuld 1 liis pier by force untU the railroad company btiai; m 
to ((Uict the titlf. 

There la no other case of the occupation by iudividuals or corpctrattoi 
of property belougingto the Cuited States in the district under 
charge. 

Very rospeetifnUy, your obedient servant, 

E. H. RUPPMER, 
Miijor of Eng'tHtm 
Brig. Gen. Thomah L. Oaskv, 

Chii-f of EnqinirrK, C. S. A. 



APPENDIX AAA OCCrPANCY AND iNJrUY TO PriJIJC WORKS. 4273 

(8) uepobt of maj. t. u. iiaxdiutuy, corps of engineers. 

United States Encjineer Office, 

Portland^ Orvfjon^ SvpUmher 7, 1S'j:j, 

OeneraL: To comply with the roniiireineiits of (l«Mienil Order No. 0, 
Headquarters Corps of Kiiijin«»ors, U. S. A., June li(i, I8S8, I liave tlie 
Honor to report that there are no stnirtures or works builtby the (Tniti'd 
States in aid of commeree or iiaviii^ation on any of the rivers or liarbois 
iu my charge that were used, oceii|»i«»d, or injured l)y a corporation or 
an individual during tlie fiscal year en<lin^ Juno 30, 1SU3, exeepting 
that under autliority of act of Congress api)voved March 3, 1891, the 
State of Oregon wiis permitted to enter u]>on thc^ (lovernment grounds 
at Cascade Locks, and build and operate thereon a portage railroad. 
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

Tiios. ir. IlANrmuuT, 
Major J Corps of Eiujineers. 
Brig. Gen. Thomas L. (UsEY, 

Chief of JJnf/ineerSj U. S, A» 

ENG 93 ^268 



APPENDIX BBB. 



MAINTENANXE AND RKl'AIIiS or WASHINGTON AQIIEmiCT— INCREASING 
THP: water SL'I'I'LV of WASHINfiTON, DISTRICT OF COiX'MHIA—EREC- 
TION OF FISHWAYS AT ORKAT FALLS. 



1, WashingtoD AquediiLt. I 3. i:ri'i:tiuii of liBhwaja at GrcHt Fulls. 

2. Increasing thnwiiter anpply of Wash. 

iiigton,I).C. I 



Office of the Washington Aqueduct, 

Waahingtoii, I). C, June 30, 1893. 
General: I have tlie lioiior to transmit berewitli report of opera- 
tions for the following works in iny cliiirge for the ftseal year ending 
June ;«, 1893, viz : 

Washington Aqueduct. 

Increasing thfi water supply of Washingt^iu, D. C. 

Erection of fishwuys at Great Fulls. 

Very respectftilly, your obedient servant, 

Gkokge II. Elliot, 
Colonel of £ngiiieera. 
"Rtig. Gen. Thomas L. Casey, 

Chief of Engincet-H, U. ^'. A. 



WARHIXGTON AQUEDUCT. 

Appropriations for the Washinjifon Aqueduct are apjilted to the 
improvemeiit, the maintenance, and repair of those poitions of the 
Wtuliington water supply, other than the tunnel from the distnhnting 
reservoir to the new reservoir near Howard University, that have beon 
placed under the supervision of the t'liief of Engineers. The works 
molade the masonry dam, li,877 feet loiiji- extending from the Mary- 
land to the Virginia shore at Great Falls of tliel'otomac, IJr miles west 
of Washington; the works at Great Falls for roftulating the supply of 
■ tfce eondnit; the conduit from (ireat Fall.-ijO feetindiameU-r; the three 

i^5 



4276 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGITTEERS, U. S. ARMT. 

reservoirs, viz, the receiving (or Dalocarlia) reservoir, about 4Jmil^* 
west of the city, the distributing reservoir, about 2 miles westof tl^fc^ 
city, and the high-service r<'servoir in Georgetown for the supply ^d^ 
the higher portions of that city; the mains by which the water hem- "^' 

ried from the reservoirs and delivered into the city's distributing sj ^ 

tern, and the bridges for supporting the mains acioss Kock Creek. 

The following statement exhibits the condition of theacqueductai '^^ 
its accessory works and the operations of the last llscal year. 

THE DAM A^D OTHER WORKS AT GREAT FALLS. 

No damage has been done to the masonry dam at Great Falls durii ig 
the last fiscal year, and it is in excellent condition. Some of the riprp — ^P 
back of the dam that was carried away by ice in previoxis fiscal yea"^ 
was not rei)laced during the last year by reason of the inadeqnaey 
the api)ropriatiou for i)rescrvation and repair, and thepressiu'eof m«: 
immediately imi)ortant work. 

In July the bed of the river in front of the conduit mouth havii^^ S 
been shoaled so nuicli by deposits as to interfere with the proper su^ ^ 
ply to the coiuluit at low stages of the river, alnmt 70 cubic yards ^^^* 
material were excavated in increasing the depth of the river bottom s^*^ 
this place by 18 inches. 

Several times during the past winter the screen at the mouth of tl"** 
conduit was in danger of being obstructed by ice to such a degree *'?'^ 
to interfere with the supply to the city, but the watchman and 1*^* 
assistants succeeded in ])reventing any seiious results. 





'vKxphmations of Kstiinates.-- 

THK (lONDUIT AND THE CONDl'IT UOAl). 

The lontlnU. — The conduit bclwoon Gvrat Falls and Wastewi'ir **^*.' 
U, wliicli is iu Tnniicl No. I ncjir l):ihM'ailia icscrvoir. whs lliished ■'^* •* 
cral times dming the vcnr; tliat is to s:iy, the flow from the coiid''^. 
into tlic distrihuling k sci'voir was shut olV. and all tiie gates at ^'i'*'*^, 
Falls being oi)cned tin* cntirr ilow of iIk* condnil was turned tliroi*.^. 
the two waste i^atcs thai are in the dam of Wasteweii* Xo. 2. 1)V wli'*: 
nieans a rapid How through the eonduii of alxmt 5 feet jmt si-cond- *' 
produced. , . 

An estimate (»f J^l l.00(» was included iu mv last annual estimates ^^' 
removing the thirty years' aceumulaiioii <if de])osits in the cond'J''* 
which I found in my insjx'riion of >-epten»lHr, ls*)l, to he about I").'"^^' 
cubic yards; but this estinjatehas n(»t yel been acted on by ('(mgrC-**-'"' 
'J'he deposits in Tunnel No. Land tin* 1> Icm;! by-condint at the i)Ji'''' 
carlia reser\()ii\ ha\e been pretty w<'il eh*aned out in the last t^*'*' 
years })y means ol' the small gt'neial ai>j>i"o])vi;{rions tbr repairs: but ^^^ 
this a]»j)ro|>]-iati(»n is barely sulihient lor the most urgent work re<piirO<( 
for i'onlrolling the su])])ly of waier t(» the eit\ and the nuiintenanec "^ 
the aqueduel system, ineluding Ihe <'ondi;ii. tlu^ reservoirs, and tho-^ 
miles of IS-inch and other mains in the eiiy. thes-.- appropriations can 
not be relicil on t(» complete the e\pii»^i\<' wsuk of removing tin' 
deposits by haiul, and all 1 can expeet to k\o until the ajijiropriatiou 



APPENDIX B B B — WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 4277 

* 

aba]] be granted is, by means of flusliin^r, to prevent I'urtlier aocnniu- 
lation. Tliis requires, liowevor, the wastage of a lar^i^c quantity of 
water that during tlie low stages of tlie river ean not be spared. 

The culverts under the a(|ne(lnet, of whieh there are 20 l>etween 
Gi-eat Palls and the distributing reservoir, were kejit clear of the mate- 
rial that is washed into them in severe storms. A number of bowlders 
that had been carried in this way into Cul V(Tt 25 were used in eoiistruet- 
ing a wall on the side of the stream tliat lh)wa tlirongh the culvert. 

An experiment was made on June 20 to lind the value of G in the 

Chezy fonnula V= O y/U. I. for the 0-foot e(»ndnit between the Daleear- 
lia and the distributing reservoir. The liead of water on the crown of 
the arch in this portion of the coiuluit is about 4 ivot. 

The elevations of the water were taken for this piirjjose at the upper 
one of the 4 ventilators just below the Daleearlia reservoir, and in the 
influent gatehouse at the distributing reservoir, these elevations being 
referred to the elevations of the masonry at these i)oints, as shown in 
Gen. Meigs's plans of the aiiuedurt. The ditTeren('e of elevation found 
was .5001 of a foot. The luu ixontal distance is 0,400 feet. The hydrau- 
lic 8loi)C, or I, was therefore .1; V ;; /. =.ooo00218. 

The amount of water consumed and wasted in the city was measured 
at the distributing reservoir at the same hour the next day antl was 
found to be at the rate of 2,.'502,0is gaHons i)er hour or S7.73 enbie feet 
per second. The sectional area of thi^Olbot coiuluit is 0.'5.0J7 s(|uare 
feet, but as there is about inches of deposit in the bottom, the sec- 
tional area of the waterway may be assumed to be 02.247 scjuare feet. 
-Assuming that the same quantity of water passed tlirougli the coniluit 
at the same time on June 20, (wlii<Ii was no doubt essentially true) we 
ftttdthe mean velocity through I he conduit to have been 1.400 feet ])er 
*€Cond. Then, as the value of Jt ibr llie reduced section of the conduit 

J8 2.214 feet, we have C = ^*> .7].j x"ooO(r(;*>lis~^"^' '^^**'^ ^^ smaller than 

* anticipatedj but after a caret nl leveling and horizontal measurenuMit 
J*^t\reen the ends of the se(rtion of the conduit under trial, it ai)pears 
to be correct. 

.^n an application of Mr. J. V. rijiik, that (/Ongress be urged to pro- 
^'de for the removal of waste weii* Xo. o. and the waste gate nn<ler the 
^.^4^, a careful survey was made of the land and water courses in the 
yj^iuity of the weir. A report thereon was u\ade and the Secietary of 
^ftr decided on January 7 that Congress should not be asked to take 
^^y action in the nmtter; that the War Department shouhl eontinue to 
^/^ the weir where it is, in the same manner that it has been using it 
*^^ce the construction of the aqueduct, a i)eriod of about thirty-live 
^'^^V8. If, however, Mr. Claik, as owner of th<' adjoining land ovct 
J^Wch the wa«t* water from the weir is drained, should make a]>pliea- 
^^^ to have the (jovrrnment lay a ])ipe throngli the land by means of 
^Mchthe water from tiie wasteweir and gat(» conid be carried oil', his 
application would receive due consideration by the Department. 

It having been found that when the stop tiinbersat the intbient gate 
"Ovisc at the distributing reservoir were imt (h)wn for the imri)ose 
^^ Bhatting off fnmi tin* reservoir the water from Great Falls betbr«» 
^numcucmg the i)eriodir nieasnrcment of the daily consnm|)tion and 
^asteiu the city, the water in the conduit above wjis abnormally raised 
JJd to a height that might endangiT the condnit. directions were given 
the division watchman always to open the waste gate in the dam of 
^afiteweir No. 3 in time to prevent the water in the conduit from rising 



4iJ78 REPORT op THE CHIEF OK EN'OIXEEIia, U. B. ARifY. I 

ni that itoint aliove cl«vntiiiti iUri.4) wliluli is 1.4 I'wl abov*- llwHp 1 
tbe weir. j 

A wooden tiuiiit' 16 R'ct Iouk by 10 ft-ot wide was L-tiiiKti-ni-l«tl fbrM 
Iiurpoee of preveiitiiiy tin* ivemirig ul' tli« bniiksof tLc Ktri-iimlvl 
M'bicli ia discharged the out How from wai^U^wcii' Nn. 8, ami tbSfM 
under the weir. J 

The Conduit rwMl. — The (londiiit roa<i between the Dulec:irlia (iwfl 
iiig) reservoir and the distributing reservoir ha« been repairi'd dufM 
the year. About 850 cnbio yards of (lint mck. wliieh iw liy far thetn 
and most durable material that cuti be ulitiiiiied for jMacudiiiu pitJ 
inent in the vicinity of the road, was ernslied ami put on the road wJ 
nienciug at the south line of the Unleesirlia reservoir landM and riiniiflj 
4,007 feet tawaid the distributing reservoir, or to ii jioiiit tt shdrt |L9 
tance this side of culvert No. 2i. The stoiio was put on about'liDcAil 
deep and about Infect wide, and rolled as well as possible wMftM 
roller belonging to tiie aqueduct, but this roller is not hc&Vfl^^| 
and » heavier one was obtained from the IJistrict govcnin^^^^H 
road at the southeast end of the distributing reservoir ext«i^^^^| 
the auxiliary gate houae to a point opposite tbe air-valve 4flHH 
inch nmin was alwo thoroughly repaired with flint stone the fbltWl^ 
of the road. The repairs of the last year are the niri.tt estensivtifl: 
the Conduit road has had for many years. It ii* to be regrettfld if 
the annual appmpriatiou for the aqupduet does not penult (fral 
expenditures for this purpose. Most of the Hitifcroek was oVtftin 
IVom a quarry on the Maddox farm, near culvert No. 25, at a co«ttif 
cents per cubic yard in the quarry; but the quarry was exhaufited, n- 
this kind of rock is gettiTig to be scarce along tlie line of the oowlj 
between the two lescrvoirs. Below culvert No. '2i, a consider 
length of the load was repaired with broken bluestoue. 

The further side of Daleearlia Hill, which is quite steep, in thep 
lion of the Conduit road most diilicult to keep in good order, byw*S 
of the habit of the drivers of hea\-j- teams of chaining their whMl» 
descending the hill. I have recently canned it to be graded prepare^ 
to laying a Macadam pavement early in the next fiewil year. 

About 700 feet of substantial fencing on the sides of the Com' 
road near the Daleearlia reservoir was made during the year. 

In my last annual report I mentioned the damage to thoCw™!' 
roa<l by reason of the earth aTid clay washed upon it from the neW 
excavated streets above the road. The locality from which niostef t 
trouble arises is a subdivision of White Ilaveii, and as the strofl* 
this subdivision have been accepted by the city 1 requested the C 
Riissioners on March 14 to take the necessary mciisures to preWP*' 
which can be done at an expense of about $-J'>i>. The Coaiinissfral 
could not spare the funds for that purT^Jse at the time, but pfOflliMl' 
remedy the evil as soon as possililc. 

Kstimatesfor the removal of deposits in theeoriduil.; fnr ,...,. 

masonry casings of the manlmles :i!<)u<.' I he line of the ci'inliiif.iniiL^ 
comnieneing the work of widening tlie Miiciidani pavcmenl ol ihf *.'•" 
dnit road, by widening the pnverneiif of the ifiml between t -he t" 
reservoirs, will be found in the li.st of estimates appended henttAi.V 
explanations of the same will be found further on In this report BH 
the title " Exirlanations of P^stimates." 

TRE nESKRvnms. 

Tmproring tlic Dalcvnrlia {reafiiriiifi) tmen'oir. — By an act of Hnngr 
approved by the {'resident on the 3d of March, 18<JS, an appitiivtot 



APPENDIX B B B — WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 4279 

coiiimeiiciug tlie improveineiit of the Dalecarlia (receiviug) reservoir 
8 made in the following terms: 

owards improving tho receiving reservoir by the works required for cutting off 
drainage into it of polluted waters nud sowage from the surrounding country, 
thepurchaHo or coudeumntion of the Hutall amount of laud required forthepuV- 
e, and for the oxravatiou uocestsury at the heail^of the reBervoir, sixty thousand 
lars; Frovidfd, That the whole cobt of the work shall not exceed the sum of one 
died and ftfty thousand dollars; to be douc by contract or otherwise as the ISec- 
,ry of War may determine. 

'he following is a description of the watershed of the reservoir, and 
approved project for the expenditure of the foregoing approjma- 
i: 

^m East Creek around to the soutli connection (see accoinpjiny- 
plat marked M) the land around the reservoir is pxiblic land i)er- 
ling to the reservoir, and with a slight exception the outer margin 
the watershed in this direction is on this laud, so that no ]x>lluted 
inage water can enter the reservoir from this direction. 
•Vom the south connection to the spillway the margin of the reser- 
r is mainly occupied by the dam of the reservoir. 
Trom the spillway to the shaded area of land marked B the land 
)ublicland and no drainage water can enter the reservoir, 
t is proposed to i)urchase or condemn, as authorized by the act, the 
ided area of land marked B, so that no polluted drainage water will 
:er the reservoir from this direction. 

?rom the north connection to the site of the dam (see plat M) which 
8 proposed to construct across Little Falls Branch, the entrance of 
drainage water into the reservoir is guarded against by the condi- 
18 imposed ui)on the Metropolitan Southern Eailroad Company by 
Secretary of War under the requirements of the act of C(mgress of 
rch 3, 1891, granting a right of way through the reservoir lands 
bis railway, which conditions were accepted by the railroad com- 

y. 

'he object to be accomjdished by the works of improvement is there- 
5 to exclude from the reservoir all the drainage water that now runs 
> it irom the three streams known as East Creek, Mill Creek, and 
tie Falls Branch (See plats M and N herewith), and also the water 
t falls directly into the reservoir from the land lying contiguous to 
reservoir and between these streams. 

*be watershed of the three streams is shown on plat N, which is a 
uction from tlie map of the environs of Wasliington, which was i)re- 
edfrom original surveys in the Engineer Dei)artinent. The major 
tion of it is, as will be observed, in Maryland, and is altogether an 
ioultural, grazing, and wooded land. The i^ortion that is within the 
'trict of Columbia is mainly agricultural and grazing land, but on 
eastern border are the village of Tennallytown aiul the new village 
^hevy Chase. Further suburban improvements nuiy be expected 
ig the Loughboro and Kockvillc roads in the vicinity of this 
der, but the major ])ortion of the area of the watershed within the 
trict, with the exception of scattered farm houses and villas, will 
btless remain unl)uilt upon. 

h© watershed of East Creek as shown on the plat contains 224 acres; 
Watershed of Mill Creek contains 88(5 acres; and the watershed of 
Je Falls Branch contains 2,712 acres. The combined watershed, 
drainage from which is to be provided for in the works contem- 
ed by the act of Mai'ch 3, 181)3, may therefore be assumed to have 
irea of 3822 acres. 



4280 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. 8. ARMT. 



Havinpj foniul the areas of the three Kiibsidiary watersheds am 
combined area of the entire waterslied, it has been iiex»e8sary ton 
a careful estimate of the maximnm amount of water thJit ina; 
exiM*eted to tlow from tliese areas. 

1 have made this estimate from the well-known Burkli-Zicjjler 
mula, which is considered as better ada]>ted to this country than 
other, find have tested the results by the rule followed by our i 
eminent hydraulic enj[;:incers. 

1. The BurkU'Zie(jler formula, — The formula is — 

Q=/.r.(^'|jS in which 

Q is the quantity in cubic; feet dischared per acre per second. 

/is a variable cocflicicnt, increasin<^ from 0/25 for jmrely rural 
tricts to 0.75 for areas closely built over. 

r is the rate of rainfall in inches per hour during heaviest rain. 

S is the averagt* slojjc of the watershe<l in feet per 1000 feet, am 

A is the number of acres in the watershed. 

The value off. — ConsichM'in;;:: the present condition of the watcn 
and its future prosi>ects, 1 think that 0.40 would bo a large, but 
unreiisonable value to assume for/. 

The value of r. — I have assumed 1.5 for the value of r. There 1 
been recorded instances of higher rates of rainfall in inches per li 
but as it is the invariable rule that they are for very short period 
time too short for concentration oj'tlow from a surface of nearly ^ 
acres, I think these instancesnecd not be considered. Through tlielj 
ness of Prof. Llarrington, chief of the Weather J^ureau, I have 
furnished with a table of the amounts and the durations of the h 
falls, and the amounts and durations and rates per hour in incli 
the maximum falls, as recorded by the automatic rain gauges at 
Washington ollice of the Weather ibireau and its predecessor the 
nal Oftice, in all tlie heavy storms that, with the exce])tion of the 
1870, oc<-urre<l from June 10, 187«», to ^November, 180L*. A copy ol 
interesting record will be found in an appendix to this report. I 
comi)iled from it the following table: 



liable of heavy fall n of rain of one hour or more than onehour, at Washinfftoiii D 
June 10 J iSlG, to Soeewhi-r IS, l.S[l?,nhon'in(i (hnation and rale per hour in i 



nc) 



J>:ito. 



Oct. 23, l^TO 

.lim»»*Jl. 1H77 

()rf.4.1«77 

Nov.24. 1877 

Miir. 12, l^Tt< 

Oct. jn. 1878 

^\l)r.20. IHhO 

•hiin' in. WM 

Aim. :i. l^so 

l)iT.2.i, 1H81 

St'pt. 'J4. 18.S3 



Puration. 



i 



II r. niio. 



1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 

1 
1 
1 



Vj 

on 
w 
w 

00 
00 



IXaio. por 
lioiir. 



0. 07 

1.0'.» 

l.J«> 

. .1.1 
.70 
.2.1 
. *J."- 
.'yl 
.H» 
.4L' 



nato. 



Duration. 

I 

! 7Ir. min. 

Oft. 20. IS.s.'. ' 1 00 

Mar. :;l. I'.^^i; 1 00 

.lum-JL'. IK^G ] 00 

.liilvLV,. isxrt ! ] (lO 

.lulv 1 \.'>\i ' 1 22 

S. i.t.l7. l^'^l^ 1 00 

Aiil:. 1. Is'.Mi ] (M) 

Oit. :■;'.. i-.»" 4 00 

y\.i\ :;. I*-!*! 1 07 

Miiv Lt". i.-'.'j 1 ;{0 

Si'p't. •_•:;. 1.h:«j 1 0<» 



M 



It will be fcmnd frcmi this tnl>lc that there was, during the Iv 
and a half years covered by the icmrd, no rainfall lasting one ho 
more that had as high a rate of fall as I A inches jx^r hour, and tb 
only four storms was tlu»re a rainfall lasting one hour or more that 
as high a rate as 1 inch per hour. 



■» 



APPENDIX B B B — WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 4281 

ble from wliicli tlic above table lias been compiled also shows 
{ short (rarely more than a few minutes) are tlie periods of the 
bursts of rain or "downi)onrs-' which are from time to time 
d in newspapers. 
\ue of S. — The value of S may be safely taken at 100. 
Ing in the formula the foieji^oiuf? values of/, r, and S, and the 
the subsidiary watersheds in acres, 1 find that the maximnm 
?s of water in cubic iWt that maybe exi)ected to be discharfjed 
watersheds are as follow s : 

Cubic foet 
per 8t*t'ou(l. 

V no 

: 3<« 

[8 Brancli 714 

il 1,132 

1 rule adopted by Mr. Alphonse Ftelcy, euf^incer of the Croton 
it, and also by the engineers of the J^oston waterworks, for 
ng the capacity of spillways or waste channels rerpiired for 
off surplus waters, in the hi^jhest freshets, is to ]>rovide for a 
of water that would be equivalent to inches in depth in 
Dur hours from the entire watershed, 

B. Francis, in giving his views as to the sutticiency of a pro- 
pa flood discharge, and referring to the great storm in the 
cut Yalley in 1800, said: 

le maximnin rate of flow for tliis wntorshed would be in sncli a caso I Iiavo 
of estimating with i)reci!<ioii. Jt is cle:!!- tliat it. would Ik.' 1»*ss than the 
ich the rain fell, ])nt combinsition of eirrnnistancos jippear to j>e poRsible 
t may approach it dnring part of the storm; ami, to hr on the safe side, I 
iw equivalent to inches in dejith in twent.v-fonr Ikmivs from the whole 
shonlfl be ])rovi<h*d for. ThiH is bet ween three and four times the esti- 
r in the great freshest of March, isTli, abovo referred to. 
omputed ai)i»roxiuijitely the capacity of 1heproi>oscd arrMngcmentfiiuthese 
he discharge of surj>lns water and lind that in each case it equals or exceeds 
ty above suggested, and I therefore conclude that ample provision is made. 

lie would give the following discharges from the three water- 

Cubic ffot i>er Recoiul. 

c 57 

221 

[8 Branch «S2 



d 



iio:^ 



id)ic feet less than given by the Hnrkli-Zieglcr fornmla. 
!fore conclude that if our drainage works are ])lanned so a,s to 
for the amount of water that, according to the Hurkli-Zicgler 
will be discharged in the heaviest rainfalls — that is to sav^from 
?ek, Mill Creek, and Little Falls Branch, 110, .ms, and 714 
t per second respectively, or l^VV2 cubic feet per second from 
e watershed — these works will have aT)undant cai)a<*ity. 
Id remark that the principal ditl'enMicps between the volumes 
arge found by the r*urkli-Ziegler ibrmnla and the volymes 
• the rnle jnst mentione<l are in the cases of the small areas, 
ula giving, as it should, larger rates i)er a<Te for these areas 
large ones. If we use in the formula the acn^agt* of the entire 
id, we lind the vohune of discharg*' from it to be 022 cubic feet 
id, whichtli tiers from the vohune of discharge found by the 
Ir. Francis by only 11 cubic feet per second. 



4282 REPOBT OV THE CHIEF OP ENGINEERS, U. 9. ABMY. 

To Rbciw that tliL- iisn^imiod vuiiiiim uf diicliivrgc, 1,132 t 
second, is boyond all doubt ivii aniiiluoiie, IliMvecoiTipIledUtQ 

Smnfiilh ttnwrflns S inrlif in bt'cntg-fi'ilr Imiir-i at Ihe Dalivurlia {rpmirt 
unit a' lilt dittrihulinji rvfirroiy of Ui» IfaiiJiinfiioH At/utiiael ui/iirtm, i ' 
I'Uin gnaget kepi al thtat ratrrveirf. 



[ih- 


ro-ord Iticlu 


« 


he iwriod Ma; IT, leTT— Un; 1 


,.««.) 




Pate. 


Dlll-CBTliH 

(iw^EitinR) 


ill; 


olt. 


Dnw. 


IlHlBUllild 

(ri.tolvioel 


^ 


0Di.a3.irti 
H>yu isw 

JllD* » USD 


'":: 


lis 

rs 


S»pt.l IMS 
Apr K WSJ 

Jnl; al li«9 


1 


^ 



I7ie (fams (wrosd East Creel, Mill Cieek, and Little Falls Smnt 
the worli- ftftween thrsf »treaws — It 18 piopohPd to toiiatincl* 
across Kost Ci-eolt, Mill Cre«k, .iitd Little Tails- Bum h, iu uppfl 
luatfily tlie poaitious sLown on plat M ; an open and paved pliamiel ft 
East Creek aronnd tlie leaervoirtoaiiointon MUICn-ekalKiveiWdl 
fliid a similar channel from Mill Creek aronnd in tba inotilli of *'''*]( 
tunnel that will carry into Little Falls Branch abovw its dam llii! wnj 
billed watflrs of East Creek and Mill Creek, as well as tJie wat«c ffbijj 
now falls directly into the reservoir from tbc laiiil oontignons W I*fl 
reservoir, between Mill Creek and the lower mouth of this tutind. j 

A special provision is to be made for divarting from tlio rnaervoir*! 
means of sinall paved ditches the water discharged frniii all ttfll 
part of the little peninsula lying between the lower end ol thorewrt 
mid Little Palls Branch, that is, otit^ide the portion this petiliisnlftlil 
most be purchased or condemned. 

The foregoing works, of which I will submit detailed plaiif« and* 
mates as soon as the necessary survey can be completed, will canyjill 
the- drainage water that ia to be disposed of, except the wator oi tif 
FallH Branch into this branch. 

The reeeielnff shaft or icell and the vutlet Ivmiel. — ^The following si 
the plans and estimates of the cost of the nliaft< or wi'll in t 
Little Falls Branch that is to receive alt of IIk' ih^mi i j. < 
abed, and also plans and estiiiiati^s of cost t>l' ilir <jm;:. i in: 

The well ia to be on the right bank of Littl.- I .ill.-, l'.. il,. 
dam at the point marked i- (see plat M). wlicrc llni.; i^ 
nnderlaid by rock. It is to bo 10 feet in diiinieter when lintd. aiwlj 
coping is to be at or about the dovation u( 14.'J fcetabovf dfituiii. W 
top of the dam is to be 157 feet above datum, and tin- iKiniitil hel|{Ml 
water in the reservoir is 14fi.5 feet above datum.) 'i'li >' 
well is to be aboutSG feet. It is to be lined witli I ■ i 
concrete. From above the water-cushion that I v'"l ■ 
at the bottom of the well there will be run under IViIih 
below tunnel No. 4, of the Washington Aquwiiut ;i It 
jHtrtal on the southerly side of the hill will be near the outer cud otti 
tunnel leauing from wiisteweir So. 2, which is in aqueduct tanoel^ 
4, From the portal, which will be at a lower level than the tuoutlu 
the tunnel loading from wasteweir No. 2, an ojieu cUanncl will ooim" 
th« drainage water to the stream, tlio lower portion of Little T 
Braucli, that will carry it down to the Potomac. 



APPENDIX B B B — WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 4283 

li the (Iraiiiage outlet tmiiiel will be laid a brick circular con- 
•nitrified brick invert of which will be laid on concrete. The 
j^'een the arch and the top and sides of the tunuel will be 

solidly witli rubble stone laid in mortar, 
idnit wiirbe 7 feet in diameter and have a grade of 0.0031, 
it in 100 feet. 

ksons have governed me in fixing this grade: 
11 i)a88 the drainage tunnel as far under a<)ueduet tunnel No. 
ticable. From the north connection for a distance of 163 feet 
tunnel No. 4 is lined with brick and for a ftxrther distance 

it is lined with rubble stone of not very good quality, but 
, fipom within a few feet of the point of crossing below the aque- 
el of the line of the drainage tunnel, the acpieduct tunnel is 
It is a great misfortune that General Meigs did not com- 
ic a<jueduct tunnel No. 4, for, although the rock is fairly good, 
hen I emptied the conduit between Great l^'alls andthedis- 
reservoir and inspected it in September, 1891, that there have 
ral slides from the roof and sides of the tui\nel. A sericms 
jver occurs, will block xip the tunnel and cut off the supply of 
he city, but it is too late to line it now. This can only be 
' a duplicate conduit from Great Falls (which will doubtless 

perhaps twenty years hence, be deemed necessary for the 
lie supply as well as for its increase) has been constructed, 
avation of the drainage tunnel through Dalecarlia Hill and 

aqueduct tunnel will be a delicate operation. The blasting 

former in such a manner as not to ])roduce shocks and jars 
supported roof of the latter will have to be done with the 
;are and caution on the part of all concerned. Else we may 
ave falls of rock into the aqueduct tunnel, but the opening of 
iks through some of the numerous seams that exist every- 

the rock. Such leaks, if large, not only would interfere 

add to, the ex])ense of tlie excavation of the lower (the drain- 
el, but they might be an irreparable damage to the upper (the 

tunnel through the ditlkulty of finding (by lantern light and 
irt periods of time during which the supply to the distribut- 
oir can be interrupted without seriously impairing the head 
:y mains) the sources of the leaks in this unlined tunnel. I 
iution that all ])arts of the aqueduct tunnel are under pres- 
:» roof is several feet lower than the level of the water in the 
i\g reservoir. 
I a grade of 0.0031 the velocity of the water in the conduit 

full will be about 10 feet per second. This will be thecondi- 
e conduit when the discliarge from the entire wat^jrshed will 
jic feet per se<»ond, and this will obtain so rarely that abrasion 
ert by sand and i)cbbles carried along by the w^ater need not 

Id that in Washington there has not been found any abrasion 
i of sewers, when made of vitrilied brick, from velocities as 
as 10 foct per second. 

he well is su]>plied with less water thaii encmgh to make the 
ist full, the velocities will be less than 10 feet per second, but 
is the velocities through the conduit will be suflicient to pre- 
odgment of any detritus that is likely to be carried into the 

lie quantity of water that in storms now i)roduces a depth of 
n the weir of the spillway (whirh is, under existing conditions 



4284 REPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. B. ARMY. 

tlie only escape from the reservoir of tlie discharge from the water 
slied), the depth of water in the conduit will bo as represented in sec 
tioii 2, on plat M. Tiie velocity in this case will be 8.1 fe^t per second 
Storms that ])roduce this dejitli of water on tiie weir of the spillwaj 
are very infrequent, and do not, on au average, occur more thantiirtt 
or four times a year. There is no doubt then as to the capacity of fl« 
conduit to cany the amount of water discharged from the watorsliri 
in ordinary storms, or of the safety of the lining of the drainage tnnnel 
from abrasion, and the nuiin (luestion is, will it carry the amount that 
will be discharged in the greatest Hood and freshet that is lirtbleto 
occur and under the circumstances most favorable for i)roduciiig tljC 
highest percentage of discharge? This quantity, as wo have seen, is 
1.Kj2 cubic feet p(*r second. r*ef()re the water could be damned np in 
the valley of Little Falls liranch (and the two other valleys) and abow 
the well to a height sullicicMit to allow the water to pass over the dans 
into the reservoir, it would have to have a head over the lower month 
of the outlet conduit of T)!).:* feet. 
There are no foimulas that are specially adapted to conduits nndff 

pressure and running with high velocities. Kutt^r's general formnhi* 
with his value of ;f_-0.()i;5 for brickwork, gives 1,080 cubic feet of flo'' 
per second under this head, and the general formula of Chezyt vitlJ 
the value of 135.75 for the coellicient C, which, in the experiments on 
the Sudbury coiuluit at J]oston (which Mas not under pressure), ^8* 
found to correspond to the hydraulic mean radius of a 7-foot circulai 
conduit, gives 1,77(1 cubic feetp<'r second. 

I have recently obtained the actual value of C in the Chezy formnla 
for that portion of the Wasliington Aqueduct that lies between tlu 
Dalecarlia and distributing reservoirs. This ))ortion of the aqu('<Iii<'' 
is in a fairly good condition. l)ut tliere is a small amount of scdinioiil 
in tiie bottom, say an average of t> to S inches in (iei)th. It is ibidei'/ 
])ressure of about 1 \W{ at tin^ crown of the avrh an<l the vchuMtyi! 
small, about 1.1 feet pei- srcon<l. Making allowance for the ]K>rtion" 
the serti(»n oc(Mi])ied by scMlimcMit, tiie value of (■ was found to he 1-*'' 
With this vahie of (' in tlie formula it gives 1,570 cubic f<M»t ])er socoii' 
as thi' amount that the outlet tunnel would carry before the watt' 
behind the dam would overrun the dam. 

J have not tnisled. howe\er, to any of these Ibrmulas for lin<linjr tli< 
ca]»a<itv of the (nitlet conduit under the exticme ease of havinir to rAt\'] 
1,1.'>- eubie feel of water per second, in wliieji cas(» the veloeity worn* 
1m' about .'3t> feet per second, jjut ha\(' fomnl the recjuired area of <'^'" 
fl;:it si'ction by mean> of the formula usi'd to determine the liow of pil'^' 
uiab-i" ])i-essiire+ with a coellici<Mit (-'n.S; adai>ted to a I'ouglme."*?* *' 
interior conesponding to ordinary smooth brickwork. This fornnil 



, ,, ,. . i.sn o.(K)i'si 

V-Y - . ./ - W'UA. 



in \viii<h V is ihr n!.;iu vilticity piT "-(••■oiul in frft : K is tli«' liydrsmlic iiiomi rsuli'i 
n i^ till- iiMliiriiiii <H i .>ii';]mi<s. :iih1 I i> lln' 1:111 in frt-t ])cr fo»)t. 

f \' - ('\/ \i. J. in wi.i.li \ is i hr vrlinit.v | rr sim<)Im1 in IVcj ; (; is ;i cnctruii iit : K 
llif li\ «1i:iii1m- iiuaii iM<liiis; :iim1 I is tin* l":ill in loci jut loot. 

• <,» r ' , ) . in wliicli i) i> thi- nniiilxT ol cnbic ivvx ]U'V scininl; (' is t 

r(w|]irii nt ot" n)U;iliM<>^ : // i> tin- ]ir;i<l in Irci : (/ i< tlwj diaiiu-ter in Irot, aM«l / is I 
Ii-iiiith in J'rct. 



APPENDIX B B B — ^WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 4285 

,169 cubic feet per second as the flow throu^b the conduit that 
obtain before the water would overrun the dam, aiul 154.1 feet 
fttion of the water above datum, or about 3 feet below the top of 
n when the flow through the conduit would, in case of the extreme 
probable discharge from the watershed that 1 have supposed, be 
abic feet per second. 

not consider, therefore, that 7 feet for the diameter of the con- 
nild be excessive, and one much smaller rould not be constructed 
lically. 

nate of cost. — ^A careful estimate of cost of the receiving shaft or 
tie drainage conduit and the open cut at its mouth, allowing 10 
it for contingencies, gives S50,()8(>. The remainder of the $00,000 
»riated by the act of March 3, 1893, will be required for the pur- 
)r condemnation of the small parcels of land and the purchase of 
tchinery necessary for the work. 

two plats that accompanied the project are appended to, this 
and are as follows: 

an of the reservoir, marked M, showing the works herein de- 
l. 

at of the watershed of the reservoir marked N. 
iccount of the delicacy of the work of blasting out the drainage 
through Dalecarlia Hill under the a^pieducrt tunnel, it will be 
ary to do the work required by this project by <lays' work, and 
J authorized by the act, has been approved by the Secretary ot 
In order to complete by this method within the fiscal year the 
litui'e of the appropriation (which is a fiscal year appr()i)riation) 
also be necessary to commence work as soon as practicable after 
•ney will become available; that is to say, the 1st of «]uly. It 
so probably be necessary to carry on the work night and day, 
\g three shifts of eight hours each. 

he end of the fiscal year, in ad(liti<m to the surveys rerinired for 
ms of the main drainage tunn<'l and the re<*eiving shaft in the 
of Little Falls Branch which have been completed, the sur- 
3quired for the ])lans of the open <'hannels and the short drain- 
nnel which is to be excavated through the peninsula lying 
iu the reservoir and Little Falls Branch, have been nearly com- 
, and a contract has been made with the- Fngersoll Scr^^eant Drill 
my, of New York, for the compressor and other machinery required 
) excavation of the tunnels. 

hoped that the remaining 800,000 of the 8150,000 cont<^mi)lated 
igress as the entire cost of this work, which is vSo imx)ortant to 
strict of Columbia, will be voted at its next session. 

>EK AT THE RESERVOIRS DURING TUE LAST FISCAL YEAR. 

irvey and plan for carrying off the drainage from the underground 
chambers at the distributing reservoir was made during the year, 
esent outlet for this drainage is through a valley through jirivatc 
'hieh has recr'iitly been bought by a syndicate and laid oil* into 
;. It is liable to be stopi)e(l up at any time by the filling up of 
lley, and in (*ase of stoppage it wouhl cause the spring water in 
)und around and above the arches (that now Hows Jreely into the 
chambers through ()j)eiiings made for the purpose) to submerge 
lin valves and prev<»nt the regulation of tlu' sn])])ly of water to 
y. It is proymsed to lay during the next year, if money can be 
. for the purpose, an 8-inch iron pipe from the present outlet of 



4286 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENGINEERS, U. S. AR&IY. 

the drain, along and inside tbe soiitlieastern boundary line of the United 
States land, a distance of about 500 feet, thence across private land to 
the canal, a distance of about 300 feet. 

The raising of the ^valls around the south connection of the Djilwar- 
lia (receiving) reservoir to prevent an undue strain on the condnit in 
Hoods was completed by placing the coping thereon. 

A masonry chamber for the valve on the blow-oft' from the by-coiHlnit 
at the spillway from the same reservoir was constructed of stone. 

A traveling crane was made and put up at the influent gatehouse of 
the distributing reservoir, for use in handling the heavy stop tiinbert 
when tlie montlily measurenuMits (jf water consumed and wasted intlie 
city an* made, and on other occasions when the flow into the reservoir 
is interrupted. 

A plat showing the 7-foot conduit and the connections of the mains 
at the east eiulof the distributing reservoir is herewith. 

Kstjmates for comj)letion of tlie works of improvement of tlie Dale- 
carlia (receiving) reservoir and purchase of laud appropriated for by 
the act of March 3, 181K3; for lowering the height of the cross dam at 
the distributing reservoir; for clemming out the distributing resenoir, 
and for widening and deepening the spillway at the DalecarHa (receiv- 
ing) reservoir, will be found in the list of estimates api)en<led hereto, 
and ex])lanations of the same will be fcmnd further on iu this reiwrt • 
under the title '' I^]xi)lanations of estimates." 

THE 31 A INS. 

Tlu* trunk mains that lead from the distributing reservoir and supplV 
the distributing system of sticct mains were, as a general rule, laitUl^' 
the ITnitcd States, and are unih'r the care of tin's othce. Tlnsiggrepate 
length of these mains is about iJl niilrs. The distributing mainsworn 
hiid by the Histriet of < 'olumbiji, and are under the care of the Ooni- 
mission(»rs of the District. 

Theie have been three breaks in the trunk mains during the last fi^ca' 
year. One of th«Mn was in the old .'50-ineh nniin in New Jersey aveiiiu' 
at K street. When it was uneovcM'ed n ere.ek o.") inches louir wnsfouiH^ 
in the top of the nniin, eommencing nt the spigot en<l of the 30-inch ".v 
12-inch cross at this poifit. This leak hnd bciMi repaired manv vears 
ago, but the ])atch n^^nl liad givi'n way and the break had ext<'ii(l<*<»' 
A new i)atch was skillfuliv i)nt on»,in<l secured bv I heavv wrouiilit inin 
bands by Mi*, l-'ergnson. the afjsu'duct valv«* tender and maehiuist,witn- 
out tnrning off tlie water from the nmin. One oftiie otheis was on the 
3(^ inch nmin at Kast <'ajnlol and Third streets, and the lliir<l was on th** 
4.S-inch main at Thirty-second and M slr<'ets lh>th made it necessjiryto 
sliut otf tlie water and empty the mains, and were th(» result of th»' 
unprecedented cohl weather of tln^ last winter, in which the frost pcnj'- 
trated the ground more than 1 feet, and wei'c caused, not by breaks in 
the nmins tliems<'Ives. but in two of the va<Mium valves connected with 
them that 1 ])rovided at all the sutninils tor use when nec<»ssary to empty 
the nmins. The.-e salves ;ire in iron boxes or casings, the eovi'i:j"t 
which are in the surfaci' of tiie str<*et. The cases Innl all been carefully 
|>a<'ked witli si non<*ondncting nniti'vial for the ])rotection ot' the vaUt?S 
but the great severity of the cold was too jiuich lor it. Uefore anotluT 
winter 1 intend topioieet allot" These vacnum valv<'S by another metli<Hl, 
whicdi. whih» it will l»e ine\pen'«;ive and not interfere with ready aeiTJ*^ 
to the valves in <*ase of sadden necosify. will certaiidy be reliable aiiil 
ellicient. 



APPENDIX B B B ^WASniXGTON AQUEDUCT. 4287 

Pho casings of the 20-inch blow-off from the 48-fTich main just above 
jFoandry Branch culveil; under the Canal lioad, and t\u^ 30-iiieh blow- 
from the same main near Ool lege Pond, were protected by paving 
)and the casings. 

k serions acddent occurred on the 18th of March by the breaking 
the stem of the 30-incli blow-off valve at Foundry Branch. Fortu- 
tely,atthe instant of the breaking of the stem, the valve was shut, else 
e distributing reservoir, or a large part of it, would have been drained 
to the river before the flow could have been «top])ed. The renewal 
this stem, which is a heavy gun-metal casting in the foim of a screw 
id weighing about 150 pounds, recpiired the emptying of the 3()-iuch 
id 12-inch mains between the distributing reservoir and Georgetown 
rice, once in order to get out the broken stem for a pattern, and again 
put in the new one. 

The lines of the tnink mains have been carefully iiispe<'ted and 
ished monthly, and the valves have been regularly oiled and cleaned 
iriiig the year. 

An estimate for inserting efficient air valves and blow-off valves in 
le old 30-inch and 3()-inch mains will be found in the list of estimates, 
id explanations of the same will be found farther on in this report 
nderthe title, "Explanations of estimate's." 

THE AQUEDirCT LANDS. 

The survey of the boundary lines of the aqueduct lands, both in the 
intrict of Columbia and in Maryland, which was connnence<l in the 
5calyear 1800-'91, was continued, but not much was done during the 
iar. lioundar}'^ stoncjs suitably marked were planted at all the angles, 
ccepttwo, that were not already marked, from tlie Dalecarlia (re<;eiv- 
ir) reservoir to above Cabin John Bridge. 

By an act of Congress approved by tlie President on the 11th of July, 
^, the Attorney-General, the Secretary of War, and engineer com- 
i8$ioner of the J)isti*ict of Columbia were empowered to select from 
e lands in the District of Columbia behmgiug to the United States a 
i« for a girls' reform school. Under the detiision of the commission 
tract containing 19.30 acres, an<l conii>rising nearly the whole of the 
Servoir land lying between the Conduit road and the Little Falls 
ad, was surveyed and exscinded from the reservoir lands for this pur- 
se. 

iJuring the year the INFetropolitan Southern Eailroad Ccmipany 
lected and surveye<l its route through the lands of the Dalecarlia 
iceiving) reservoir, as authorized in the following act of Congress, 
proved by the President on the 3d of March, 1891 : 

^it enacted hy the Senate and Ifousfinf Rrprrmniatirta of the J-nited States of Amcrira 
Congrej*8 wisemblfdy That the Motropolitiiu Southoni ilailroa<l Company is horehy 
thorized to coiistriirt its road across th<i j^rouinlR of the Uniti'd States fornuiifi^ a 
ft of the grounds of th«; rereivinj^ rosorvjur in Montj^omory County, in the Stato 
Marylau«l, north of the northeast Itoundarv line of tlie District of Columbia, and 
* that purpose said rom]>any is here))y /xianttMl a width «>f sixty feet, at ^rade, and 
-h adflitional wi«ith as it niay reipiii'e tor shntes of cuttin<;H and emhanknicnts, 
i^^s said j; rounds for its ri;jht of way through the grounds aloresaid: Provided, 
at the location and plans of said road thri>u^h said grounds shall be approved l)y 
i Secretary of War before the comniencenient of any work on said grounds, and 
p Work of construction and the operatin;; of said roa<l shall be Hiibject to such re*;- 
itions as he nia^' prcscrihe: and the dania«res for the use and occui>ation of the 
iJitof way her«MU |Lcr;)ntedsli;ill be fixed by a boanl of three Army j)lh(^ersai»ptiint»'d 
the Secretary of \Var. ami tlu' payment of said damages so lixed shall be at^tndition 
HJedont to the exercise of the rijjhts by this act jrranted, which are to tonninate 
^be pleasure of the Secretary of War in ease of ]>ersistent iiey^lect b^ fta.UV <i»vcv,- 
'^y^ or hjitB successoi'H, to comply with the regu\at\ouA alivjxe&^AC^. 



4288 RKPORT OF Tin: chief of kn'gineers, u. s. army. 

Tlie l(i('ati(Hi jmd phnis of tlio nn\i\ weio submitted by the comiWDf 
and a|ipi()Vod by the iSecietary of War on the 25th of January, 18d3^ 
and th«* n»|»ulaiit»ns foii('<'rnin«^ Ihe woik of ronstnictiou aiidtbcoper- 
atin'i" of Ihe inad weiv ]nt'sriibcd ]>y hiiu on the same date. Thesewg- 
uhitioiiM, \vhicli had ]ii<*viously (I)iicember 0, 181)2) been accepted bj 
the ronipany, ai'e as fciHows: 



I!f:;/n1titian>* nuii'rtintf thf rtnisiriirinni awl tht opt rati ntf of the Metropolitan Sanihat 
liaUimd Ihiniiijh tit' h Hfl- "f tLv t iiiUfl Siutc'^ in Moiiliiviiinif Coitntif, Maryhmdjfr^ 
tainiiifj to ihv rrn iriin/ n.i-,ru'n\ hi ririHv i$j' an mt of t'ovijnBK ajiprorvd &y ihe ht^- 
drill Iff' tin' t-'iiifnl Stults I'H thi ■■/■(/ I'l' Mtii'clt, A'.'V. 




Sl;tl»'^ liy >.'nil iMHiiji.jrj;* !;ii«! il- -iiii!-^ ;.•« •>. ;mh1 I»* its .iiul tlirir !I.u:< lits. 

7. Ail •■!' iln' .'l«t|H s of r.iih- ':nl initiii^s miuI f..>.i« !ii!:ni<-»it'* witliin view from ^^ 
ri'^i-rv'iir --!':ill !»<• sinlili i| .111. 1 K. jii i:i i;ihmI i.r.Ii r .in.! 1 r)«aii" li\ sai'l rnili'Dailt.'oinps*'*? 
:iihI If -i >:i«'« "< -••r<, 

X. \«) i'I:iim >li;ill ovi r In- inaiu' 1»\ >;ilil r:'iliii.;il mmji.-niy iH" ils sncccsaorP for *''• 
«l.'nii!i;4;f thnio lo tIm" r:uin»:i<l iiml ils ;i|i|>ur;«n:;ni •> <i!ln rin the vicinity ot' or belo 



APPENDIX B B B WASUIXGTON AQUEDUCT. 4289 

voeiving reservoir by the water from the reservoir or the Washington aqneduct, 
Jb water of Little Falls Branch la time of froshoU at any time or auder any cir- 
ita^pes. 

Stone monnments x>roperly marked and of a design to be approved by the engi- 
officer in charc^e of the Washington aquedact shall be planted by said rail- 
eompany at* all the angles of the land conveyed by the United States to said 
>any before commencing work on said land, and the said monuments are to be 
itained in place and in good order by said company and its successors. 
. The railroad bridges crossing the streams on the land ceded bv the United 
» to said railroad company and the bridge near station No. 317 o^ the jdans of 
nilroad shall be strong and sabstantial, and shall be maintained in good order 
lid company and its successors. The waterways under the bridges shall be of 
le size to carry the water of these streams under all circumstances^ and said 
oad company and its successors shall keep said waterways free and unobstrncted. 
. The said railroad company shall provide convenient bridges or paved crossings 
ragons over the railroad whenever and wherever they maybe deemed necessary 
be epgiueer officer in charge of the Washington aqueduct, and it and its sncces- 
shall maintain the same in good order. 

. The said railroad company shall suitably pave and keep in repair the floor of 
iolvert near station No. 317 of the plans of said railroad, and shall construct and 
I in repair a paved gutter tlirough this culvert of ample size to carry the water 
16 stream that is to flow through the culvert. Both the floor of the culvert and 
^tter are to be kept free of obstruction by said railroad company and its suc- 
m, 

. The said railroad company shall construct, and it and its successors shall main- 
at ita and their own expense, a substantial post and rail fence on the boundary 
iof the property ceded by the United States, but this requirement shall only 
y to the boundaries between the lands ceded and the lands that remain theprop- 
of the United States. 

. Before commencing work on the lands ceded by the ITnited States, the Metro- 
ah Sonthem Railroad Company shall dcpoHit with the Treasurer of the United 
es, to the credit of the Washington aqueduct, the sum of one thousand Ave hun- 
(1,500) dollars, for the purpose of making good to the United States the cost of 
inspection of the operations of said (M>mpany as the Secretary of War may con- 
r necessary for the protection of the Washington ac^ueduct and ita appurtenances^ 
the said company shall deposit as aforesaid such lurther sums as the said Secre- 
may require. The said moneys shall be disbursed like other moneys appropri- 
forthe Washington a<|ueduct, and whatever may remain of said deposits after 
completion of said railroad through said lands, shall be returned to the said 
)any with an account of their disbursement in detail. 

' If the United States shall at any time desire to construct an additional waste 
from the Washington a<]uodu<'t, and a channel for the discharge from said 
e weir throngh that parcel of United States land which is southwest of Dalecar- 
till and projects from the aqueduct lands between boundary stones W. A. 19-B 
W.A.22-B, then the said Metro])olitan Southern Railroad Company or its sne- 
ers shall, on the demand of the Secretary of War, coiiHtruct and maintain at its 
eir own expense, a suitable and substantial iron or masonry railway bridge over 
channel on such plans as may be approved by the said Secretary. 
The Secretary of War may make such changes in these regulations and such 
bional regulations as he from time to time may consider necessary. 

y authority of tlie Secretary of War a board of officers, consisting 
ieut. Col. Elliot and ^lajs. Oswald n. p]rnst and Charles E. L. B. 
is, corps of en;jfineers, was directed by the Chief of Engineers on 
20th of December, 1892, to appraise the damages for the use and 
Lpation of the right of way granted to the road by the above a<5t. 
board recommended an assessment of $4,3()0, which was paid by 
company and deposited in the Treasury by me on the 14th of Janu- 
1893. 

n reference from tlie Department, a report was made on an appli- 
on to the Socrc^tary of War by the Commissioners of the District of 
imbia, to enter upon a strip of land 60 feet in width extending from 
distributing reservoir to the New Cut road, for the purpose of con- 
cting water mains in cinmection with the work of extending the 
\ service system of the Districtt of Columbia. This land had been 
lemned by the United States for the Washington aqueduct iu 1883. 

BWa 93 ^269 



4290 HEPOET OF TlIE CHIEF OF ENGINEEHS, TJ. 8. ABStT. 

In compliauee with a Dcpai'tinent ordor, a report was innt\*> on t 
ocniipatiDUs of laud pei-taiuiu;; to the WaBtiiiigtun Aiiueduct iiud 

revocable Uueiises or oUier autbority. 

TIIE BBroOES. 

With the exception of the wooden britige over the spillway from tl 
Ualecurlia (receiving) Iteservoir the liridges are geiirrallyiii giwdtf 
d i tic u, except in respect of their pavements. There are aoiu<l«t_ 
leakB in the conduit in ite passage through Cabin John Bridge, wWl! 
are shown by drippings into the chambers in the abntnieiitH uod tPX 
the arch, bat tliey can not be repaired before an appropriation in Ortd 
for removing the accumulation of deposits in the conduit. 

The roadway over bridge No. 4 (Oabin John Bridge) was tempnraifl 
repaired by filling the holes in the asphalt pavement witli broken (rtW 
and earth, but tliis only made the bridge passable, and thn pavuDtt 
of this bridge, as well as that of bridge So. 3 (Griffith's I'ark Briilj« 
is still in very bad condition. 

The wooden bridge over the spillway at tJie Dalecarlia (re<i(dvlW 
Beservoir was repaired. 

An entire renewal of the wooden superstnictnre of the t'cunsyli^aa 
Avenae Bridge over Hock Oreek was made dgring tlnj year, at ' 
expense of 81,300. Twenty-five thousand feet B.M. of lunilHTwuren*' 
in the work. Qeretofoie, in relaying the flooring, oak has bcou ns* 
but by reason of urgent demands on the small appropriation for m» 
t«nance and repair for other necessary work on the aqueduct, and M 
experiment, the best quality of yellow pine was used fur thenowfloori' 

A large (iiiaiitity of ice that, in the exceptional cold of tiie last « 
ter, bad formed in the chambers of the abutnientH of Cabin John Brie 
was removed. 

Estimates for repaying the worn-out asphalt lioois oil ilil ■ . \.. 
and 5 (Cabin Joliu and Griffith's Pai'k bridges) with ^i 

vitriflcd bricks, iind for replaciug the wooden bridge m 

at the Dalecarlia (receiving) Reservoir by a stonestnn ^ n rwuimr i. 
rate in durability and appearance with the oflier bridge^ »» tin? line 
the aqueduct, will bo found in the list of estiniate-s iippi-nded here 
and explanations of tlie same will be found t^irtlier on in this repe 
nnder the title '' Explanations of estimates." 

or noUKLY 8UPPLT. 

for tliu twenty-fonr i 



[Cltj- lempentoie, la ttia •huts. aC3p.m.i JiUnSl, W.} 



^niiD 1 1 p. to. Id 12 mMBlukl. 
-'loin I^itMiiIkM IdI kilD .. 



rtamt 




APPENDIX B B B — ^WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 



4291 



%amrmmU of the eonsampiion andtoaete of water in the city and condition of the water 

in the Uiet fiscal year. 



Pate. 


Gallons. 


Date. 


Gallons. 


'ediiMd»T. July 20. 1802 


40.042.822 
«2. oC2. !m>1 
44. 532. 627 
41, 433, 272 


Wetliieadav. Nov. 30, 1802 


40,637.087 
38. 440. 032 


•dBMiUT, Auff. 31, 1802 


Thur8ilav,"Mar. 30. 180.1 


Hidur. Bent. 27. 1892 , 


We«ln**«(tav'. Mav 3. 1^03 


38,000,453 
46.727,108 


iniMftT. Oct. 27. 1802 


Thursday,' J line' 22, 1803 







It wjll have been observed that the measurement for the day ending 
b 7 a. m. on September 27 showed the consumption and waste to have 
[QouDted to 44,532,627 gallons. This was the largest measurement of 
le daily supply to Washington and Georgetown ever made, and it was 
scoonted for by the extra flushing of the street mains by the District 
ithorities on account of the cholera exi;itement, and the presence in 
le city of the Grand Army of the Kepublic, but the mea^surement for 
le day ending at 8 a. m.^ June 22, of this year exceeded it, and was 
U27,108 gallons. 

It will also have been observed that the dates of measuring the con- 
unption and waste of water in the city during the last fiscal year were 
aite irregular. The reason for this was that I deemed it best during 
le unusually protracted low stage of the Potomac last summer and fall, 
id also when the water in the river was very muddy, not to lower 
Quecessarily the head of water in the distributing reservoir. 
No complaints as to the condition of the water, except in respect of 
8 turbidity, have been made during the year. 

Statements of the condition of the water in the distributing reservoir 
J it is supplied to the mains leading to the city after passing thix)ugh 
»e reservoir hav0 beeh furnished monthly to the Museum of Hygiene 
• the Navy Department since June, 1891, at the request of the medical 
irector in charge. 

^Mumpfion and waste of water in the city, as measured annually in the latter part of 

June of each year, from 1874 to 1S93, both inclusive. 



Year. 



Gallons. 



17, 554, 848 
21,000,0(K) 
24, 177. 7U7 
23. 'J52. 932 
21,80.5,045 
25, 947, 042 
25, 740, 13iS 



Year. 



1881.. 
I?ift2.. 
18H3.. 
lSg4 . . 
1MH5 . . 
1K80.. 
1^«7.. 



Gallons. 



26. 525, 001 
29, 727, SU 
24,314,715 
24,827,113 
25, 219, 104 
25, 542, 476 
26, 878, 424 



Year. 



1888 
1889 
1800' 
1891 
1892 
1603 



Gallons. 



29,115.774 
27, 70«, 770 
35,541.845 
38, 504. 743 
41,161.780 
46,727,108 



.Furtj-eij^ht inch main added to the 8npi)ly. 



MISCELLANEOUS. 



^ addition to the foregoing work of the last fiscal year stated under 
* appropriate headings, the telephone line between the head of the 
^^duct at Great Falls, the reservoirs, and this oflice has been fre- 
-J^tly repaired. Considerable damage has been done by lightning 
**Og the year. On the 4th of June several poles near Great Falls 
^^ destroyed, and the instruments in the dwelling of the watchman 
^liat division of the aqueduct were greatly damaged. On account 
^e frequency of damages by lightning to the aqueduct telephones 



4292 REPORT OF THE CDIEP OF ENGISEEES, t?. 8. ARSrT. 

oonnecting this office with the reservoirs and the workitat Great WtflJ^ 
ligbtniDg arrestera were xiiiri;has<>d for all of the sCatiuus. 

In October I insjiected the qnarry mid laiidiiearScneca, Md.,bcJgiif'' 
iug to the Washington Aqueduct. 

Bepairs were nia^Ie during the year to the dwellings of tbti watelltMD 
gate keejiers, tbe aqaeduct ottice, its stable, and fences. 

New rain gaages, furnished for the purpose by the Weather BnTeBOt 
were set at the reservoirs and at Great Falls, 

An iron railing was put up around the south eonnectioD of the DtlBj 
earlta Reservoir for the security of the watchman in the exeeotion » 
his duties in icy weather. 

The survey required for my project for the improvement of tliia n 
ervoir, nuder tlic act of March 3, 1803, waa commenced on June I.aJil 
a small frame building to serve for a shelter for the muveyiug party ^ 
storms and the storage of instrumeuta waa imt up on the top of r''" 
earlia Hill over aqueduct tunnel No. 4. ^^ 

Negotiations were commenced for the purchase of a portioD of «•' 
era! parcels of the land that is to be awjuired under the act jtwl n*] 
titined, and an advertisement with Hperiticatinns fur a contract ' 
dtilling plant was issued. 

Superintendent R, C. Smead, Chief Clerk Simon Newtoa, Val"* 
t«udM- and Machinist Tlionias Ferguson, and other emploj'es of C 
itqueduct have been faithful in the performance of their respooa* 
duties. Mr. Thomas Sullivan, Mv. John Halloran, and Mr. 1)m* 
Harrington, for many years watchmen gate-keepers at Oreat FiiUitii 
at the Dalecarlia (receiving) and distributing reservoirs, in adtlitJaM 
their other duties, have skillfully and energetically acted a« foremeiW 
laborers engaged on the works of repau- of their respective diiflslca 
of the aqueduct. 

On reference from the Chief of Engineers, a report waa luiule oia 
claim pending in the Court of Claims of Thomas B. Cuyle ngainirt C 
United States. 

On reference from the Chief of Bngineers, reports on the foll^wi 
bdls introduced in the Fifty-second Cougre«!8, ttecond seflsion, luff 
been made by me during the fiscal year: 

H. B. 0733, to incorporate the East ISud Elecb'ic B&ilway Conp»* 
of the District of Columbia. 

H. R. 10085, to authorize the Washington and Chesapeake Ham 
Kailway Company to extend its railroad into and within the Oistrtct^ 
Columbia. 

8. 3808, amending the charter of tlie Maryland and Wasltingt^ 
Railway Company. 

During the last fiscal year revocable licenses have been ^nutted 
the Secretary of War, under certain provisions and conditions, M ^ 
lows: 

To Tlie Potomac Electric Company to run its wires (overhead^ Mrtl 
tlie Conduit road for the purpose of supplying electricity for UgbIM 
Iiouses north of the distributing reservoir. -^^-^^ 

To the District of Columbia to consti-uct and maintain f 
line across the Conduit road and lands belonging lo the tTuil. 
and to lay a pipe from its pump house to the Rnuth counoatfi 
Dalecarlia reservoir, with a branch into the reservoir for Hsft^i 
the south connection may be empty, in order to furnish an ^ttj 
water supply to the Girls' Reform School. 

To Mr. Albert Dowling to construct and maintain a neat fi 
lands of the United States pertaining to the Oondnit road, i 




APPENDIX B B B — ^WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 4293 

extend from a point on the boundary of said lands, near his liotcl 
led ** The Elver View," thence along tlie top of the embankment 
ur said hotel to the Conduit roa<l; and to erect and maintain a 
tering trough for public use in the space on said lands between his 
%1 and tlie Conduit road. 

?o Mr. Edward Baltzley to lay, maintain, and use a drain pipe across 
Conduit road strip of land, forming a part of the Washington 
u^net Reservation, at or near stone 79 of the Washington Aque- 
itj in Glen Echo, Maryland. 

EXPLANATIONS OP ESTIMATES. 

t is my duty to call especial attention to several works that are 
gently needed. Most of them were mentioned in my last annual 
lort, and in several previous reports, but have not yet been acted on 

Congress. 

Improving the receiving, or Dalecarlia, reservoir. — One of the most 
aeftcial appropriations ever made for the W^iishington Aqueduct 
ice its completion in 18(V3 was the appropriation of #l>(),000 made at 
i^ last session of Congress for '' improving the receiving reservoir 

the works required for cutting off the drainage into it of polluted 
bters and sewage from the surrounding country, tor the purchase or 
udemnation of the small amount of laud required for the purpose, 
d for the excavation necessary at the head of the reservoir," with the 
ovisions that the whole cost of the work shall not exceed 8150,000, 
d that the work should be done by contract or otherwise, as the Sec- 
tary of War may determine. 

This reservoir has a capacity of about 170,000,000 of gallons. 
It was contemplated by Gen. Meigs in his design of the aqueduct, 
at the Potomac water Sowing from Great Falls through the conduit, 
puld always pass through this long and comparatively narrow reser- 
ir for the purpose of settling the water before entering the distrib- 
ng (the lower) reservoir, when the river is turbid, which it oiten is, 
ri the reservoir was so constructed by making an inlet chamber at 

upper end and an outlet chamber at its lower end. These cham- 
ps are known as the north and south connections, and communicate 
^h the main conduit. 

t was also designed that the receiving reservoir should collect and 
i to the supply the water flowing from the watershed of the reser- 
f, an area of about 4,000 acres; and the combined waters were sup- 
Ui from this reservoir to the distributing reservoir and thence to 

city from the time of the completion of the former reservoir (nearly 
ty years ago) until 1888. At this time so many complaints had been 
de of the bad quality of the water, which was attributed to fertiliz- 
: and other deleterious substances carried into the reservoir from 
' cultivated and grazing lands of its waterslie<l, and to the sewage 
Cennallytown (to which that of the villaj^e of Chevy Chase, which is 
o on the watershed, has since been added), that tlie reservoir was 
'own out of servicM*, and no use has been made of it, except on the 
'e occasions when the conduit has been (»mptied and the supply from 
©at Falls has been suspended tor the puri)Ose of inspection of the 
'erior of the conduit and for cleaning it. 

rhe utility, however, of the receiving reservoir for settling purposes 
d for storage (the distributing reservoir has at most only about tour 
ys' supply for tlie city) led to the project for its improvement by the 



«i .-^ 



4294 REPORT OF THE CHIEF OF ENQI^nf^ERS, U. R. ARMT. 

works required for oxrlndinjx 'M the water from its wat<3!rRl)ed that I 
have nl ready closcribcM I in this r(*]>ort under the. title "The lieservoirs.' 

Tliatpart of the projeet that rehites to the shatt in the valley of Little 
Falls Kranch, into which shaft all the water of the watershed is to be 
eolleeted, and also the main draina^re tunnel under Daleoarlia Hill ftom 
the bottom of the shaft, has been approved by the Chief of En^poeen. 
The a])pi'opriati<m of Mareh .*i, 1S9:J, will be suflie.ient to execut* this 
part of the work and to pay for several small pareels of laud reqnired 
to be purchased or eondeinned for it. Work will be commenced u 
soon after July 1, the date on whi<»h the ai>propriation will become 
available, as possible. The appropriation will be exhausted hvJoly 
1, 1S!U. The reniain(i<M- (slHJ.OOO) of the sum of $15(MM)(), to which the 
eost of the entire work was hmited in the aet of Mareh 3, 1893, will be 
required for the execution of tlie remainder of the entire pi-qject, vix, 
the dams across the three streams tliat enter the reservoir; theexcavar 
tion and i)avin;i: of tiieo]»cn channels (almut 1 mile in aggregate length) 
that are to pass around tlie reservoir and behind the <lams to Little 
Falls ISranch: to ]iay for the remainder <»f the land required to he pur- 
chased or condemned, and to do the excavation necessary at the head 
of the reservoir. 

1 should adtl that if it should be de<'ided at sometime in the future, 
f<)llowin<r the exani])les ])rescnted by th«» large cities of Kurope, to filter 
the Potomac wat<r. it will be indispensabhsin order to save a great 
l>art of the cost of the mainti-nance of the liIt<»rs,to "settle" the water 
as much as i)ossi]»h» befon» it enters the tilters, and the receiving res- 
ervoir will then Ix* available, and even necessary, for this imri>ose,fnr 
the reason tluit the liltrati«»n works nuist be at or near the lower (the 
distributing) resnvoir. and there is no phu'C other than the receiving 
reservoir that is suitable for the settling basin, which must, of course, 
be above the nitration works. 

Wiflcuiuff the M madam paremrnt offhr Conduit road. — The present 
Macadam ])avemeiit of the Conduit road was only made wide enough 
(alxnit IL* fcet)t<» ]>revcnt the earth coveringof the arch of the mjisonrj 
conduit uiuler the road from b<M*ng cut through by travel in spring anJ 
at other times when the ground is soltened by rain. The travel on 
the r(»ad in go(»d weather, and esjierially on Sundays and other holi- 
days, has increased so cnornumsly thar c(>lli>i(iiis are frequent. Wrecks 
of vehicles are often seen along tiu* sides of the road on Mondays, aud 
there is ('onstantly danger of serious accidents by collision on theua'' 
row ])avement of this r(»ad. 

The great<*r portion of the Conduit road is beyond the District line? 
but it and the >trip of laial thiough whir'h it passes belong entirely to 
the Inited States. \\ is almost tlie only, if not quite the only, road out 
of th(» city that has not been si»oih*d for driving ]nirposes bystreet 
railways. It is one of the most picturesiiu*^ roads in the country? 
extending far up into Maryland amid the line scenery along the Pot«>' 
mac, and it is the only route to the city that is available for a larg^ 
number of tin* fanners of Montgomery County. (Nuigress has refus^ 
to allow the roa<l or any part of the strip of land referred to lO ^^ 
occupie<l for railroad imrposes, and in its charter for a railway on pr'' 
vate land south of tin" Con<luit load ami j»arallel to it (that of the Wash* 
ingtnn and (Ireat Falls Kleetrie liailway) the marring of the beauti^*^ 
of the road was cart-fnlly guarded against, and the ccmstruction of 
moie than one line of railway near the C^mduit road was prohibited. 

The IMacadam pavement (see sket<h herewith) should be widene<lto 
a width of oO feet. The depth of the new iK>rtious should be 13 iucbes, 



APPENDIX B B B — WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 4295 

dading 8 inches of large stone, 4 inches of small broken stone, and 1 
ch of binder. There shonld be a wide paved patter and a line of 
lade trees (preferably alternate lindens and tulip poplars) on each 
deof the road, and the slopes of embankments should everywhere be 
dded. This plan will require the widening of the roadbed at several 
laces by adding to the width of the embankments over the culverts 
lat pass under the aqueduct, by cutting away embankments on the 
pper side of the road, and by filling on its lower side. • 

I estimate that the cost of the work required for that part of the road 
lat lies between the auxiliary gatehouse at the distributing reser- 
)ir and the foot of Dalecarlia hill, a distance of 13,200 feet, or about 
r miles, will be $34,500, and an estimate for it is submitted in the list 
estimates. The remaining distance to Cabin John Bridge, which is 
e limit of the major part of the travel at present, is about 3 miles. It 

II probably not be necessary to extend the improvement of the road 
yond this point for several years. 

In addition to widening the pavement of the Conduit road as herein 
oposed, a width of 100 feet, or such other width as may be necessary, 
each side of the road should be purchased or condemned for the pur- 
se of parking it, and with the additional object of controlling the 
id abutting on the road and ex(;luding the liquor saloons that now 
ist and are increasing, and to which many of the collisions on the 
ad are doubtless attributable. 

I may remark that when the late Gen. Meigs constructed the Wash- 
gton Aqueduct (it was commenced in 1853 and essentially finished in 
U3) there was no road along it or in its vicinity, and the only road 
>m Washington to Great Falls was via the Kockville road and the 
River" road which ran and now runs from Tennallytown to the Falls, 
it the route over the conduit being shorter and (until the hills around 
e Falls are reached) comparatively level,* it soon attracted travel and 
has been constantly increasing. 

Hamng ih^ masonry casings of the manholes along the line of the ague- 
•et, — ^When the water in the distributing reservoir is at its normal 
ight of 140 feet above datum, there is a pressure of something over 4 
5t of wat^r at the crown of the conduit arch where the conduit enters 
B reservoir, and the water in the conduit is backed up and the crown 
the arch is under pressure about as far up as Bridge No. 3, or Grif- 
li's Park Bridge, the bridge next aboveCabin John Bridge. I found 
len I uncovered the manholes along the line of the conduit for use in 
\ inspection of its interior from Great Falls to the distributing reser- 
^r in September, 1891, that the tops of several of the casings of the 
iiholes below this point are below the gradient or slope of the water, 
that when the manholes are uncovered it is found above the man- 
ie covers, and in some instances more than a foot in depth above 
iin. No harm has thus far resulted from this state of affairs, but the 
iings of the manholes wherever necessary (I have a record of them) 
>uld be raised above th(* gradient, so as to prevent the soakage of the 
>uud around the manholes. An estimate, of $000 for this work is sub- 
tted. 

Cowering the height of the cross dam in the distributing reservoir. — The 
p^er reservoir (tlie distributing resei'voir) is divided about halfway 
bween the influent and effluent gatehouses by a cross dam, in the 
ddle of the length of which is a narrow cut lined with masonry. 

The road ban eRAontiaHy the same ^ade as the conduit beneath it, y'iz, Scinches 
the mile; or, more accurately, 9 inches in 5,000 feet, or .00015. 



4296 HEPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENGINEKRS, V- fl- ABMV. 

thrmtgh vliicb all tlit; wutcroiiiU way tv tbeeniueiitgatcl>oii!te,v 
it enters the niaiuH, must puss. 

Tlie draft tbrougb this cut in bo 8troug tlmt the ni(\j'>r yurt of OH 
water in (Irawii strai(;ht from the iutluc^iit gntehuiiso, which is intt 
angle of the upper divisiou (the Bettliiti; (livi»ton], t« tht* ctit, wlfc* 
when the wat«r is turbid it does uot diMitse it^lf throiijfTi the wbnl 
body of water iu this diviHioti (110,0(KI,00(i gaUouH}u8it»houldinuTilfl 
4tbat the greatest amount of eettliiig be done. 

Neither is tlie water after it paHeen ttirough the 0«t properhiWi 
tributcd through the lower division, which c^ontaius ab^mt yO,(lw,Hin 
gallauB, for the reason th»t the draft from the nut to the head of tt 
Rtainti leading to the city from the lower end of the divisiou is so Btrffl 
that the water all passes in a comparatively narrow stream fttridgttl 
tbese mains, so that it also gets very little chance to settly iu UiiH ^ 
eioti. 

NoWj as the upper portion of any body of water not quite free 
bidity and in the process of settling is the eleare*t, if the topof tIteiUi 
be lowered I'ar enough to allow only a thin sheet (at the present mWfl 
consumption it would be about an inch deep) of water to pass overA 
dam, as was Gen. Meigs's design, we should have iu oii«h diriaian 
reiy eflective additional means of clarifying the a^iueduct wat*r, aim 
believe tbattbia improvement in thedistributing reservoir beiiipm»i 
and the receiving reservoir being improved as ban been providfld* 
in the act of March 3, 1893, there would be but rarely, if any, cowjil*''' 
of muddy water. 

I estimate the cost of this improvement at the distributing resi 
by lowering the cross dam at *1L',B0(). 

Frotectinn of the inlet to the cnndvit at Oreat Falls. — The bank Of W 
Obeaapeake and Ohio Canal, which runs parallel to the PntAinnu ' 
Great Falls, and about 160 feet &om it, is about 113^ feet, higher Oa 
the uncovered chamber, Just above the Miiryland end of the afiat^"' 
dam, that forms the inlet from the river Ur the conduit. 

Iu the flood of November, 1877, which rose at Great Fulls to » 
height of 160 feet above the datum of the ariueduut, or 12 feet hi^ 
than the crest of the dam, the canal bank at a point opposite the W 
was washed down to the river and a part of tt into the inlet. 1^8* 
trom the annual report of the aqueduct for 1878 : 

Tlie maaonry forming tlie arcli uf the feeder was iri'i • " '' '-' --■ ■'' 

middle of the canal to tho moulli of the feeder, s '1i-' 
lierat the head uf the aqnednct was filled with sti.i.. 
WH]i of tbe oansl, and the aqnainct feedi^T for sdiii. i 

djiiria to depths varying from 3 t<>6 feet, so o« tu 'ti' " ' 

during tbe ordinary low HtngKs of the river. 

In the still higher flood of June, 1889, which roM to the ] 
feetorer the a^educt dam, the canal bank was again waab^ 
the river, but fortunately the damage did not oc^mr immedii^ 
f^iU^ the inlet to the ctmduit, but from LW to 400 feet higher np,WB 
the miyor part of the (Wbris being M't on the margin of the rivBT I 
a part of it being carried over the dam, not so much filling of thenr 
to the conduit was done, but, as iu the flood of 1H77, it wa» | ''' 
obstructed. 
The annual report of the aqueduct for 1889 says: 
The bnnkx of the Cheaiipeake and Ohio Canal above iind h('lr>v 
conduit were carried away nnd thnt opposite the ooiidillt wh" Mi 
hor of men wore kept at work on thix hank during tliH IVexbet, n i 
had It not been for the onecKetic work iif this force nud tlia im . i 
ening of the bank nt tliia looality iu April, great Jiviunget H'jh i 
the mouth of the conduit. 



APPENDIX B B B — WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 4297 

!t wfll be observed that in tlie freshet of 1877 not only the inlet 
unber/but the conduit itself was filled with debris to a depth of from 

6 feet /or a distance of 300 feet in from iU mouthy but the water in 

1 river being at a high stage, there was still waterway enough in the 
iduit above the ddbris to enable the supply to the city to be kept up. 
d a complete closure of the mouth of the conduit occurred, with 12 
16 feet of water over it, there would have been no possible way, with 
I torrent raging over the mouth, to remove the obstruction bei'ore 
1 river subsided, and the water supply to the city would have been 

off. 

^here is no more imi>ortant part of our system of water supply to be 
efhlly guarded than the head of the conduit at Great Falls, and in 
Ler to avert dangers like those of 1877 and 1889, to which the water 
>ply is liable in every freshet, a masonry wall should be built 
;ween the river and the canal bank, rising a few feet higher than the 
ter, and extending upriver from the mouth of the conduit as far as 
» limit of the Government land, and thence at about a right angle 
1 still on the Government land to the shore of the river. I estimate 
\ cost of this wall at $5,000. 

Storage yard, — I have provided supplies for use in case of breaks in 
)48-inch and other mains, comprising sections of pipe, curves, crosses, 
Incers, sleeves, etc., a heav>- wagon for hauling them where needed, 
ling jacks, and efficient pumps ; also machinery for lowering the pii)es 
the trenches, and the implements and material required for handling 
1 calking. 

i portion of these supplies has been placed in a yard which I have 
'anged on the public land at the distributing reservoir^ for use in the 
uit^ portions of the routes of the mains, and the remainder for use 
the city portions of these routes has been placed in a i)ortion of 
enty-seventh street, near M Street Bridge, which has been loaned 
the purpose by the District government until the street is wanted 
improvement. 

U we shall not be able, probably, to retain this place, except for a 
Tt time, a permanent yard in the city should be purchased for use 
a storage yard. It should be near this office and at or near the 
de of the street, so that the heavy castings and machinery required 
repairs can be quickly gotten out. 

believe that a suitable lot can be obtained by purchase, or if need 
by condemnation, for $10,000, and I recimmiend an appropriation of 
) amount for the purpose. 

^leaning the bottom of the distributing reservoir. — The sedimentary 
K)8it8 of about twenty years, within which time the distributing 
arvoir has not been cleaned out, have raised the botton of its upper 
ision (the settling division) about 9 inches and of the lower division 
Ut 4 inches. 

^hese deposits have diminished the capacity of the reservoir about 
K),000 gallons, and, although it is probable that tliese dei)osits, which 
mostly clay, are not deleterious to the water, they should be removed 
loon as an api)ropriiition can be obtained for the purpose. It would 
uire the removal of about 30,500 cubic yards, the estimated cost of 
ich, at 35 cents per cubic yard, is $13,825. 

Videning and deepening the spilhcay at the JJaJecarlia {receiving) Reser- 
". — ^The overflow weir at the head of the spillway was constructed in 
►o. It is 75 feet long, 27^ feet wide, with side walls 3 feet above the 
^ line of the reservoir. It is immediately over the by-conduit, and is 
'ed with stone. The channel of the spillway below this weir has 



4298 REPORT OP THE CHIEF OF ENOITfEERS, U. 8. ARMT. 

never been cimiplftefl, sind the waterway is not Buflidoiitly larBB 
ciirry off tLe ovwHow from tbo reservoir fVist eiioiigli to kocp itlwlo 
the t^»p of the side walls in exceiitioiially lii^avy Hturms. In [*u«h<;»» 
the earth covaring of the eondnit at the i-nds of thp overflow weir 
Ualile U) he washed away and tli« by-conduit and the HUpply of Tsl 
to the city endftiijrered. I estimate that the work will (io«t #2,ttOIX 

Repaving Brvigc No. 3 {Qriffithh Park Bridge) and Tlritlw So. 
{Cafnn John Bridge). — The floois of these bridges weie iiavi^i seWfi 
years ago with asphalt, wliieh is almost completely worn oiil. Fori 
safety of the eonduit, which is carried across these bridgCK lieDU 
their floors, they should be repaved, and as the travel nver Ibeai 
very great and ia eonlined to a width of only 16 feet, it iw veryil 
tive to the floors. I therefore pro^tose to repave them willi t 
blocks or vitrified brick. This work will coat abont 9.i,(HH). 

Storehouse at Great FalU, — There is no place tor storiige of thupnbl 
property at.Great Falls or for'ccmcut and other inutt^riuls rffjnin 
when any work of construction or repairs is going on on that divill 
of the aqaetUicts A storehouse ia urgently needed, and 1 projxw* 
erert one about 40 by :iO feet in size, at a cost of about 81,5IK). T 
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal is now in pperatiou, and the stuiic fi^ Q 
walls can be cheaply obtained from the Government quarry nl Seiid 
a short distance above the falls. 

Protection of the Conduit at Wastewcir No. 1. — The masonry 
wasteweir No. 1, which is at the mouth of a tunnel outlet fitiiit tt 
side of tunnel No. 1, near Great Falls, has never been eompletwl,) 
by reason of this the head of water in the condnit can not alw»,T^ 
maintained as high as is necessary. The mouth of this tuiiniil otit 
iieBiis also a protection in the form of a heavy iron Kriitiu}* agulai**' 
indraft of logs and other driftwood into the condnit in freahets, wlii 
endangers the conduit and the snpply of water to tlie eity, Iii " 
inspection, in September. 1891, of the interior of the eominitbetirt 
Great Falls and the distributing reservoir there was found in the c* 
doit, below wasteweir No. 1, a telegraph pole which ntnsf have be 
drawn into tunnel ^o. 1 through the side tunnel referred lodiirinfC' 
great flood of 183D, when the river rose 75 feet at this \y)m«^ ivnd o' 
flowed the mouth of the outlet tunnel. The cost of this work wfll ' 
about $5,000. 

Inserting air valees and blow-off t^alves in the SO-inch and SS-i* 
mains. — In resx>ect of this estimato I bog leave to qaotti from luy uu^' 
report of 1890, as follows: 

It is important thnt more ofilcient fncllltiei bo proviilprl for uiniilviiiR ami 9' 
the old mains ia casFi of scoiileot, ancl (ifinfikiD);conii'< .. ' . 

Id either cone ft Hectiou of tlie niaiii maat be cut oir! 
before this ran be dune the main viUve, »t wbalevi'i <i 
shut, und the BROtion of the main lietwcen the«n twi> 
mile long, innst \tB emptied of ita water. The time i < < ' 

not 011I7 on tbo iiEe« of the blov,--afl'B in the Talli\M< 'uiki^'iI Ii> 'ili'i nuiiii'. 
also on the sinRR of the air valves pi'ovideil at the Biiiijmit«, for the watnr via nS 
cuurae, in any ease be gotten out ofamainany faster thiui the nit tniiainitO 
ita plane can be gotten in. 

In making the Donnections at New Jersey avenne ^n'l I •^ir....< 1 
uinjn and Uie 24-inch by-nnss, on tfaenifht of tbe I li 1 
hoars wore oon»nnied in n^eclng the nam of watti ■ 
and air valves in the SG-inrh main, vidtbe retillini: ' 

had been mode wuh bo nmdi prolougL'd by the wanl "' ... . 

of tJie air that It waa nearly noon of the next duy tiii<>ii> tiu' cniLt^ing d 
was completed. ' 

Similar dnlayu occurred nt each of the nnmerons cuunectiuua 1 .„.^ 

that mere made after theiS-inch main was completed, audi Wiuiinaaabd 



APPENDIX B B B — WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 4299 

retting tlie air into the niainB for empty iug and out of them for lilling thorn again 
\ water, to have reooiirsenot only to iiru hydrants, but to the Bervicc-pipo spigots 
private houses in the vicinities of these connections. 

Fhese delays are very expensive, night work costing aboat double tbe 
t€8 of day work, and tbe danger in case of fire in the district cut 
'from its 8U])ply of water is so great that large air valves and blow- 
' valves should be placed on both the 30 and 36 inch mains as soon as 
appropriation can be obtained for the purpose. A patented device, 
▼hich I have obtained tlie details since the date ofthe report referred 
, very much reduces the time recjuired for inserting these valves, as 
jU as their cost, and, what is very iniiwrtant, it enables the work to 
done while the mains are under their ordinary pressure. Tlie cost 
inserting the required blow-olf and air valves in the 36 and 30-inch 
lins will be about $6,250. 

Removal of the accumulation of deposits in the conduit. — As stated in 
rlast annual report, my inspection of the interior of tbe conduit from 
•eat Falls to the distributing reservoir, in Sei)teniber, 1891, showed an 
nunulation of about 15,500 cubic yards of clayey deposits in tbe con- 
it throughout \t% entire lengtli between these i)oints of about 12 
les. These deposits, which diminish the capacity of tbe conduit, 
)uld be removed as soon as money can be obtained for tbe purpose, 
rtbe reason that the su])}>ly of water to tbe city must be interrupted 
ilethe work of removal is going on, a Inrge part of it must be done at 
:ht It will, therefore, be a tedious and expensive operation, and it 
I not be accomplished by means of tbe small annual api)ro])riations 
inaintenancoand repair. I include in my estimates an item of $14,000 
the removal of the deposits in tbe conduit, and this, if granted, 
old enable tbe entire conduit to be thoroughly cleaned out in one 
fcr. 

Rebuilding the bridge over the spillway at the Dalecarlia [receivimj) 
erroir. — The (/Onduit lioad Bridge over the spillway at tbe I)ale<'ar- 
freceiving) Keservoir and just beyond the District line is a wooden 
nge on trestles that was built many years ago. Tbe travel over tbe 
dge is very heavy, it is decaying, and, in order to prevent accidents 
quent repairs are neccjssary. 

Cbis bridge, wbi(!b is of short span, should be replaced by a masonry 
dge of an arcbitec;ture commensurate with Cabin John Bridge and 
5 other masonry bridge next higher up the line of tbe aqueduct 
riffith's Park Bridge), and I include an estimate of $18,000 for it in 
' annual estimates. 

deepening the distributing reservoir, — Tbe present bottom of the 
tributing reservoir being at reference 135 above the aqueduct 
^m, and the How line of the reservoir being at reference 140 above 
8 datum, the available depth of water is 11 feet. 
t has often been recommended in former annual reports that the 
>th be increased 13 feet, or to refd^rence 122, the (le])t]j of th(^ axes of 
four 48-inch connections between tbe screen house and the gate 
mber. 

?hi8 would increase tbe storage capacity of the reservoir from about 
',000,000 gallons to about 20(),0(K),()00 gallons, and add to tbe cool- 
'8 of tbe water and also to its jmrity, for, unlike the receiving reser- 
r, which is nearly sunxninded by woo<ls, tbe distributing reservoir 
ully exposed to winds, and the waves are sometimes so great as to 
tnrb the bottom and make the water roily. 

ihonld this be done bermes of 10 feet in width should be left at the 
t of the present slope waUs protecting tbe sides of the reservoir^ the 



4300 RKPORT OF THE CHIKF OF ENGJSKKB8, V. S. ABi 

tops of tlieae bermes should lio imved, aiui tin* dp<^|ici]iHl |ii?l 
tLe sides should be protected by elope walls of dry ruhbli- nuuwiKTfl 
inches thick, laid on a broken-stoue lining (i incLes tliick. Tltc cMlf 
the work will be about *l;90,0(t0, 

I consider the work of deepeniog this reservoii- U) he of veij' p 
importance for the reasons {fiven, and it should be done iw siiod i 
appropriations can be obtaint'd for it, but iis the itiijn-ov»*uii>iil of iM 
quality of the aqueduct water, the ineiease of storay, capaciiy aki^ 
the heads of our mains, the protection of the aqueduct^ and Ot* 
works herein mentioned are of more importance at this time, 1 1 
not included it in tlic estimatee for the nest fiscal year." 

RaiHiij/ the h^^ht of the dam at Oreat FaHs, — During the laAt ffi 
mer and fiill the Potomac at Great Falls was at a lower stage tbaulii 
ever before been known within the memory of the oldest iiihataittUI 
On 73 days the gauge above the dam showed a depth of wat«r on ^ 
dam of only about 7 inches, and on five days it sliowed but fi infM 
The crown of the conduit arch at Great Falls is 151 fei-t above ilafl" 
and the crest of the dam is 148 feet above datum. Tiie louduit fl 
therefore (in respect of its diameter) only about tliree-fourllin fnllntiB 
head. A similar deficiency now obtains every year duiiug tlic tiin*j 
low water at Great Falls and at such times, the weatlii'r being iisil^ 
hot and dry and the consumption and w;wte in tiie <ity ETWlfl 
increaaed, I have tbund ever since I laid the 48-inch main flist » 
height of the dam ia not sufiBcient during a considerable portionj 
every year to enable the conduit to deliver into the distributing rW<[ 
voir as mncb water as is now consumed and wiisted in the city, nirf^ 
the same time keep up thu kend in the maivs to 146 fi tt above iiatum,vi 
if necessary for the snpply by gravity of the high northern pitrHtiiu <^^ 
city and of Capitol Hill. The only remedy for this deflcieueytTWL 
reduces prcsBures everywhere in the city and ia annually increasing 
one that mast be made before any further steps are taken for lDfir«J 
ing the supply from the distributing reservoir, either i)y tlie tuiiiirf | 
tlie new reservoir near Howard University, or by another main. Il ^ 
the raiding the height of the dam at t)reat Falls. In other «"* 
before providing additional moans of supplying to the city moro wfllj 
from the distributing reservoir, it will be neceaaary to be able to ** 
more water from Great Falls into this reservoir. 

The following is an estimate of the cost of raising the heigbt Vl Q 
dam: 

^134 ooliie ynrda of Bt«ne moMni?, at 935 

3,383 ciiliio ynril* of riprap. atW _._ 

Damages on account of flooding of land and other ilnuiagoe.. . 

Total 

Add 10 per cont fur contlngencioa 



This work might properly be done at once, and it will soon llAI^ 
be done, biit tiiere arc so many things that are immediately ti«" 
for the protection of the aqueduct and for other works herein a 

•The Ittt* Obd. Meiipj, in one of liis fteqaent nnteB rcanorting tlie aqoalo'^i 
wIiU'li up to bisdnatli un thi>Sd of January, 1893, ka ooutiiinptl tu rutnln tbtV 
«8t lutiiresl. oalleil my attenCion to llie oare that would bo runnired. wlu 
dlstril'iiliiig ivBiTvoir is deepened, not to eause tetiku by nuoovorinii »«._ 
iiilo 111" iLptilLod imd niyire or leas iHslouuted gnebs funuatiou iLut lie EuHOtJ 
uiiilcriii' Boiije portions of llie reaervoir. 

t Kirept tbe enaotment of a law retjuiiing th« nw of metun by all o 
FuUiuiau vrnler. 



APPENDIX B B B — WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 4301 

^ the completion of the improvement of the Daloearlia (receiv- 
*voir, I do not include an estimate for it in the estimates for 
fiscal year.* 

PBOYISIONS OF LAW IN RESPECT OP APPROPRIATIONS FOR 

THE AQUEDUCT. 

iv the statement of reasons for this provisions which was con- 
my last annual report. In my judgment the desired provision 
f! in tlie law is of the utmost importance. 
)riations for the aqueduct are now fiscal year appropriations, 
: availability terminates on the 30th of June of each year, 
r appropriations are delayed there is liable to be a time in the 
t of every other fiscal year during which, should a break occur 
either in the city or in the country this side of the disti'ibut- 
iroir or in the conduit, or should any disiuster occur at the res- 
eat Great Falls, there is no money available for repairs, 
appropriations for the aqueduct should be made available 
ien<led some of the less urgent repairs toward the end of the 
Id be poKt])oned until the next appropriation should become 
, so that there would always be money in hand for repairing 
the mains or other works of re]>air. 

in one of the city's old and decayed street mains or in one of 
reds of small service i)ipes that cross the route of the 48-inch 
' instance, by undermining it, may cause it to break and the 
of water that would be discharged on the street, especially in 
levels of the route, would be so enormous that the property 
I the lives of citizens in the vicinity of the break might be 
ed.t 

eu, in the canes of dehiy in the passage df the regular appropriation biUs, 
provisions are ma<ie for the expenditures of the Govomment, cousiderable 
time after the beginning; of tho iiKcal yeur elapse before ollieial iufornia- 
1 only would warrant expenditures under these provisions of Law) reaches 
officers. X 

8th of July, 1892, in blowing off the 30-inch main at Foundry 
:he heavy bronze sleeve through which the valve stem works 
■f fractured, so that the valve could not be movc^l before anew 
uld be cast and turned. The regular approi)riation bill had 
been jiassed by Congress. I had only information from news- 

!rease of height for which this estimate is made is 2.5 feet, which would 
lara to reference (150.5). Thin would be required in order ti> enable the 

at its Humuier ilow of, say, (> inches over the dam to completely lill the 
its head. I find anmn^ the interesting and iuKtructivo notes that I received 
be Gen. Meign and have carefully tiled for the information of the officers iu 
rge of the aciuetlnct, one dated March 1, 1891, of which the following is 
; *'The original design was to set the lip of the dam at the (Ueat Falls at 
of 150 feet above tide, for which height all the protiles and wasteweirs 
The back filling over the conduit would now allow a height of water 

higher than the dam to How safely through the conduit,, nml, if needed, 
>t or two and corresponding widening of the embankments would fit the 
D conA'ey, with increased height of dam lip, a very much increased flow of 
le city. 

isrnal pressure on our mains at some portions of their routes is about 43 
:he square inch. This great pressure will bi« better a]>i»reciatcd if it bo 
. it is nearly 40 tons to the running foot oi 4S-inch main, 
k on the aqu«Mlnct was suspended in July of last year until the 15th of 
, on which <late the tirst ofllcial information reached me that tempo- 
don had been made by Congress on the 30th of June for the expenditures 
erumout. 



4302 EEPOUT OP THE CniBP OF ENGINEES8, V. R. ARMI. 

papers that temporary provision bad boon madu for the ( , 

of the Govenmicut and I had uo mouey to my credit ftjr the nqiflir ( 

the valve. 

Fortunately tho valve hi^)peiied to be almt at the histant whon t 
accident occurred, elae it woiUd have wasted into the rutunittat 
water in the distiibuting reservoir at ihe rate of about U,l)00,(HM) gi 
lou8 per hour at a time when, on account of the low stage of waturi 
the river, we had noue whatever to spare, 

Aud in case of appropriations for specific works like those I kat 
recommended it is sometimes not advantageous, either in respect 
economy or the quality of the work, to oblige the work to be fully u 
jileted at the end of the fiscal year, 

Sometimes, by reason of the late date at which appropriiitdo 
becx>me available, or of the weather, or of the condition of Ui«rin 
tlie work can not be fully com|iieted within this time without hnci^i 
it so much as to be detrimental to the interests of the tiovernmiiBt. 

I do not know of any appropriations that more refjnire to he w 
available until expended, like appropriations for river and IiaT 
improvements, light-houses, etc., than appropriations for the "VVasliin 
ton Aqueduct. I urgently recxtmmond, therefore, that it be domii'B 
that the following clause bo attached to the next appropriations fortll 
aqueduct and be made to operale on all future appnipriations for It; 

Prtmided, That the upprngiriutinnii for tJio Wanhingtou A^neilaut for tlia tlwri)< 
ending ,1an« SO, 1895, and Ibiirual'ter natil othorwiae providt>d by Inw. ifanll oA 
aoiisitkirtnl ua flsuol-renr npprupriittlunH, but Uiey BlmU bo uvuilable until MpoAi 
uiit Uie SeoKtitry of Wot sliuU iipplr tba lucmeyH sa apprcipriatiMl in ciirrydiK W ' 
works by cuuttuot or duys' lubur ns lio maj find moat euuuouiool nnd odvaaUip 
(o tbe Goverument. 



PE8IRED INOKEASE IN THE ANNUAI, APPKOPKIATIOW FOB 
NANCE. PRESERVATION, AKD EBPAtB OF THE AQirEl>PCT, ASB 
BESEUVOIES, MAtMS, ROADS, ETC., CONNECTED TffEEEWtTH. 

While works that have coat $565,(1110 have recently becu added 
the aqueduct system by the laying of more than 8 miles of 4l(it]oIi'! 
other large water mains uuder the act of March 2, IfS^*.), with th' 
liamerons valve chambers, maiu valves, airviilves, blow-off valvw,* 
other adjuncts, all of which have to be cajdully watvhcd ujid kept 
repair, there has been no increase in the appropriation for maintCDiUi 
and repair of the aqueduct. 

It has been for many years and ia now J20,0C0, and it i 
entirely inadequate for keeping in repair the long line of woi"" 
ing the dam at Great Falls, the conduit, the Conduit Toa/i 
paved for the protection of tlie conduit), tlio reservoirs, the 8 

tbe fences of the aqueduct and Conduit road lands, the * 

the watchmen of the dill'erent divisions, and the more than 20 U 
trunk mains in the city supplying the distributing system of (he E 
trict of Columbia, besides pitying the salaries of the watchmeu » 
other employi's. 

Twenty-one thousand dollars was asked for in my last anonal t 
mates, and it is again asked for. It is not a large sum to provide fl 
the annual maintenance and repairs of works that have cfist wore thr 
#4,00(1,000, and I <:ouhl expend much more in works of preservaUonil 
repair that would be Ibr the be^t iutuiestfi of the Goveinmeat* 



APPENDIX B B B — ^WASHINGTON AQUEDUCT. 4303 

Motley statement 

1892^ balance unexpended $2,288.51 

) appropriated by act approved Jnly 14, 1892 20, 000. 00 

; appropriated by act approved March 3, 1893 80, 000. 00 

$102, 238. 51 

l)eT9, 1892, amount deposited with the Treasurer United 

), being balance of appropriation of March 3, 1891 2. 49 

, 1893, amount expended during Uscal year 21, 431. 01 

21,433.60 

1893, balance unexpended 80,805.01 

1893, outstanding liabilities 805.01 

1893, balance available '80,000.00 

ESTIMATES. 

estimates of appropriations that should be made for the year 
: Juue 30, 1895, are as follows, and I again urgently recommend 
le provision of law suggested in this report be attached to the 
ppropriations for the reasons st>ated : 

ipleting the improvement of the receiving (or Dalecarlia) reservoir 
B works required for cutting off the drainage into it of polluted water 
ewage from the surronnding country, for completiug the purchase 
Ldeniuation of the small amount of laud required for the purpose, and 

:cavatiun necessary at the head of the reservoir $90, 000 

Liuencing the widening of the Macadam pavement of the Conduit road 
Teet by widening that portion of the road that lies between the lower 
f the distributiug reservoir and the receiving (or Dalecarlia) reser- 
widening the road and the embankments over the culverts on the 
f the aqueduct where necessary for this purpose, making the neces- 

hanges in the drainage, and the planting of shade trees 34, 500 

ering the height of the cross dam at the distributing reservoir 12, 500 

tecting the inlet to the aqueduct at Great Falls 5, 000 

chase or condemnation of a site for a storage yard 10, 000 

ming out the distributing reservoir 13,825 

eniug aud dei*])ening the channel from the spiUway at the receiving 

ilecarlia) reservoir 2, 000 

ftving Gri filth's Park and Cabin John bridges 5, 000 

ehouse at Great Falls 1,500 

tecting the conduit at waste weir No. 1, near Great Falls 5, 000 

irting air valves aud blow-off valves in the 36-iuch aud 30-inch mains . . 6, 250 

luving the accnmulatiuu of deposits in the conduit 14, 000 

iiilding the bridge over the channel from the spillway at the receiv- 

•r Dalecarlia) reservoir 18,000 

lug the height of the masonry casings of the conduit manholes where 

<ary 600 

intenance and repairs of the aqueduct, and the reservoirs, mains, 

, etc., connected therewith 21, 000 

maintenan<'e and repair of the aquoduct, $20,000; for commencing the im- 
bnt of the receiving reservoir, $00,000. 



4304 REPOKT OF THE CHIEF OP BNGINEBH8, U. 8. ARMT. 

Condition of wairr at Oreat Fall*, DaUairtia (receMng), rntrvMr anS UtirllmBwgn 
voir, aiul ktighf of leater ocrr dam at Great Fall* for Mcb Sag i» the year. 

ITh* height ufwBtOT on the dam H-tCreat Falls TBrted-darinetlie TMrfrDinkluinlinani of ^lb« 
l!DTBBiWl.ia63.UK.in^lniiimo.(4.7fe«ouUoyS,lK»3.) 



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APPEMDIX B B B — ^WABHINQTON AQUEDUCT. 



4305 



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4306 BEPOBT OF THE CHIEF OP BNOISGEBB, U. 8. IRUT. 



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APPEIfDIX B B B — ^WABHIBOTON AQUBOOCI. 



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4308 BEFOBT OF THE CHIBP OF EH0IKBEB8, U. 



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Cblonel ^Erfgineers USA. 



■PKKDO. 8 B B— ^W^AtU^GTON At^UEDUCT. 4309 

rvpriationt maie for the Wathingtan Aquednet, teith iheiatct of aeU for IheMe 



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(.1 I1,II»,«T, f/1 
iiFB 187H ooe-hoir 
Dtbcr luJT by iba 



B vork was commenced nnder an appropriation made in the act of 
ligreBs approved July 15, 1883. 

file plan consisted of raising the dam in tlie Maryland cliannel at 
I Or^at FallB of the Potomac to an elevation of 14S feet above mean 
f at the Washinpton navy-yard and its extension at that height 
DUB Conn's Island and the Virginia Cbannel of the river; extending 
1 Washington Aquednet from the distriboting reservoir above 
Brgetown to tlie site hclerted for the new reservoir near Howard 
tversity by a tunnel :iO,09«.3 feet long; constructing at the tunnel 
Bet a new reservoir of about 3U0,OUO,(IOO gallons capacity, and con- 
King this reservoir by a new line of large mains with the exittting 
rem of water mains in the city of Washington. 
tl operations on this project are suspended, and no work has been 
itie under it during the year. 

The channel on the east side of the reservoir, which has been dam- 
aged by heavy rain, was repaired in August, and a strong bulkhead 
" «8 tiuiit with a tinme leading from behind it into the great sewer that 
I irisses around the reservoir. The paving of the ditth at this point waa 
i lid in eemeut, and it is hoped that future damage at this troublesome 
i'lace will be avoided. 

The necessary repairs were made to the watchman's house at the 
. 'servoir during September and October. 

A new protection over the top of the Fayette street air shaft ^ 
ii^ide in November. 
Stone was hauled, by permission, by the District of Columbia fi^nt ' 
liiimplain avenue shaft for repairs of roads, 

A deed of Frederick WetKel to the United States for land near the 
.:i>trihuting reservoir, dated April 26, 1890, with quitclaim deed of 
largiiret A. WelKel. dated May li. 1»00, was recorded on January 18, 
: h the land records of the District of Columbia. 



4310 BEFQST OP THB CillEF OP BXGWKEB8, D. B. A&MT. 

The following provUions n-ere inc<»'|Mrnt«d io tbe act makini; aptri 

priations for tlie District of ColumbiE^ approved by tbu Preooa 
March 3, 1893. 

Tliut BolwiUiatanding tUe liniiUtion prescribed by tbe acU of f^^r ■" — ■ ■ 
July SFteentb, eigbteen biinilred and eighty -two, and Felirunr.v 1 1> • 
hnodrtid and eiKUty-five, tb« SenKtsTy of War be, end ba ia tx'. 
fwy to ThoniM Keiuly tbe auiu of foni hundred and neventy da!I.< - 

out of tba aneiponded ljHlatii*« of tbu ajipropiiation of IHty-ocv tl: 

drad and aeventy dollars to puy forlonil to extend aqneiluct, made by tiie Krt ratttli 
"Ad Bot to increMB the water supply of the city ol WaBhinKtou, and for nOum | 
po«eB," approved July fitt<»nth, eight«en bno'lred anil eigbty-tno, whivli ainM M 
lis in fall for the appraised value of land owned bj tbe aiiid Thomiia Rtwty^ i 
taken by the Unitad States for tbe re(|iiiTeinent<( and purjioaeB of Ihat act: i 
Fi<t«d, Thfit DO payment hcrciHidn' shall be maile until Uie AttomevOnMral ■! 
have decided that an absolute title to the premises sliall Teat io the I^iiila4 BtalM 

A wat«ht!iaii lias bepn employed (luring the year at the new rcBenrt 
Bit) daties have included the gtianliuK tbe,8tonu at tbe mnutbs of 
the shafts except the one at Fuiindiy Bninch, which is antler Uieo 
of the watchman at the distributing reservoir. 

The following is a list of the approiiriadous for this work, vitb di 
of act for the Batne: 

Jnly 15,1883 •I.UG.ZIIL 

Jn1y7,1884 ST.ieCb 

Wareb3.1885 aT.Ma 

March 28. 1886 LOOn. 

An«uet«,1886 «« *" 

Maroh 30, 18158 »G 



Tot*!.. 



%VI^X& 



Money statement. 



^m Wal 

^L Cm 

K 

^H At the commencement of the fiscal year bo work was in pro^rcM. 

^H Sections 4, 6, and 6 of the fisbways at Great Falls were completed 

^H tbe date of my last Aunual Report, and there remained to (x>mp)«t«t 

^H plana of the Cnmmisitioner of Fish and Fisheries nections 1. 2 autl 3. 

^H Under a ruling concerning tbe act of Jnly IS, 1882, providing; for 

^H construction of tliese fishwsys, the Secretary of Wardrnded tliM tli»«i 



for l^irUitH* appropriatioQ ix submitted. 



BBBs. 

EBEC!TION OP FISHWAYfJ AT GEEaT TklAJB. 






APPENDIX B B B — WASHINOTOil AQUEDUCT. 43U 

oprofflwrincharffc should beheld refiponsibleontyftirtheprftpcrprotoc- 
;:>in ot tlie Aqiietliivt Uam ut Great Frills and the di»bur.Henient nt tli« 
iiiiidri apprupriiited, the CommisHimier of Fiah nud Pieheri^A he'ing 
J (Sponsible under the act for the plans and Bpeclflcationaof tliefl4hwnyit 
^md their I'XMUtioii. 

By the net of Conftr^ss approved by the President Augnnt 5, IflflS. an 
nppr<>pnntionoCil5,OOOwiV8 made for this work. ProjiosaUwereHdver- 
lieuul liir Utitober 17, mid the contract, which was nwardetl to Mr. Isaac 
II. Hiithan-ftv, of Philadelphia, Pa., the lowest bidder, was entered Into 
~"- .■;iI'..-t23. 

'..: August and September a surveyor and three men wens 

1 nn a survey for the purpoKe of enabling the CoinmisNioiier of 

nil Fisheries to make the construction plans for sectionit 1,2 and 

'. :Liid aW for an additional work desired by him, viz, a peruiaiicnt dam 

M-tweeii sei'tions 1 and 2. 

[J)»on application by the contractor, and with the authority of the 
'. hief of Engineers, the time for the completion of the contract was 
< t:reiideil one month. 

Sections 2 and 3 of the fish ways and part of the permaneut deflecting 
ilHin have been completed, bot there remains to be done the completion 
"ttliiit liam and the construction of section 1. 

VlidOnmniissionar of Fish and Fisheries is of the opinion that an 
Hitional sunt of $7,8!IU will be required to complote the work, and 
|iii>Mt« that ftu estimate for it be submitted. His letter to me in &» 



,_.. II n^qiicHt that fon inclnde in yont estiniat{>B fnr tl;<' pfiBTiing flBral year nil 
Ji of 97.890 fiir the completiun of the QreiiC Kails Fisbways. Thr ndditionnl iijw 
brlntinn lukvil for is made noceBHary. lirst, by reason of un Incri'nsed cimt tit 
litins 3 imA 3 ori-r uiid aliove the eHtimate ; tecnni), by reiwon of the ronatnii't lun 
■ iNirmnneiit <1el]<'('liuj! dnm which whs fuaail BMeiitial for the better prolvctinn 
"thw&ys, HDil to ubtiiin control of tbe nat«Tsnppl; to tlio wmiip; third, fur 

n timl a HufHcieotl; larse aiDount m iDi'lmled to cover the work of rieanlug 

Itha rivMrboilbotn-Een tbe li»bwa.ve, and tacouBtmct a tool sliod witb small ufllui?, 
■,lMtI;, to provide a 8 II III II fund with which to repair any damage to tbe fiBhways 
«l thti «ffi!cta of tbe ttpriiig fieahetH before the completion of the permanent de- 
Bluff dnm< 

a appropriations for this work to date are as follows : 

f.inlvl5. isaa 160,1)00 

■ arfo'-niarv I. IHJW 25.000 

rfABgustS, imi 15,000 

Money statement. 

ft, 1892. bnlnni^ nnenpotided , *47.89 

X ntiprupriuied by act approred Angoet 1>, 18!>3 15, OOU. 00 

' J i-r h 13.0(7.89 

ppao, 1893, amonnt expended daring the year 10,6JS.tiO 

f 1, 18911, balance nnexTi^r 
■ ^iial 



B^l. 1S83. outfllandiiig liabimie* 4,4fia.a7 

uly 1. I8il3, balance availiiUc 33.03 

.iiinnnl duomeil necesxarv bv the Commissi oner of tHsh and Fiakorlu 

for the oompJetion of the work 7.8W.0O 



t 




4312 REPORT OF THB CHIEF OF EXGlNEBRSy U. 6. ARMT. 



Ah9iraot of propo9aU for OMrtlriieffoii ofJUkwo/gi at €hroai FaUo of Iho PoUmao; rootJMi 
im respoHBo to adrertiBement daM OAobtr 17» 18$2, Mmdopeiiod Hfooomhor & IMff, If . 
Lieut Col. Qoorgo B, ElUoi^ Corpt of JSn§iMoer§. 



TBntlimtiH i^niiitifflM 



' "* ■ ■■ ■ - ■ ■ .1 

XwrtbeioftTtiion. 66 ooblo yards 

SoISd rook ezoaration, 80 oubic yards 

Bowldnr excavation, 15 onbio yards 

CoDcietemawinry, 835 onbio yards * 

Klprap 140 PoUlo yards 

Siipenitnio(nre«eotion 2 

SnperstmotuTOaeotlonS 

Babbleatone masonry, soetion 1, 51 oabic yards 

Timber and Inmber. section 1,5^000 feel B.M 

Caiit>iron seeti'in L 900 pounds 

Wronebt'irun and steet section 1, 440 pounds *. 

Sabblestone masonry, not including section 1^ 43 cable yards 

Coping Ktone maAonry. 24 cubic yuns 

Timber and lumber, not Including section 1, 14,500 feet B. M. 
Wrougb^inlll and steel, not Including seotloii 1, 8,200 pounds 

Total Uda 



Ho. l^Pro. 


Ka2.-Jnrs. 


poaaloflsaao 


poaalof JofeB 


H.Hatha- 

iray.Pbila- 

dalphia,Pa. 


WasSlagluB, 


to. 80 


IBlW . 


8.50 


188 


8.00 


4.08 


8.50 


&8I 


2.00 


2.00 


2.800.00 


8,800.01 


2,800.00 


8,8110100 


10.00 


12.80- ' 


85.00 


lOOLOO 


.08 


.U 


.10 


.U 


8.00 


1180 


45.00 


fO.00 j 


60.00 


moo ^' 


.08 


.It i 


11,888.80 


1^2W.B .i 



Contract awarded to Isaac H. Hatliaway. 



i 



APPENDIX C C C. 



IMPROVEMENT AND CARE OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS IN THE 
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA— WASHINGTON MONUMENT. 



BSPOBT OF COL. JOHN M. WTLSON, U, 8, A,, OFFICER IN CHARGF, 

FOE THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE SO, 1893. 



Office of Public Buildings and Grounds, 

WashingtoHj J). C, July 5, 1693. 

General: I have tlie honor to Rubmit the following report of opera- 
tions upon Public Buildings and Grounds under the Chief of Engineers 
during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1893. 

I relieved Col. O. H. Ernst, U. S. A., Mjyor, Corps of Engineers, of 
the charge of this office March 31, 1893. 

lu addition to these duties I am a member of the Light-House Board 
and in charge of the erecttion of a monument to mark the birthplace 
of Washington and of an iron pile wharf at the mouth of Bridge Creek, 
Virginia. 

THB IMPBOYEMSNT OF THE PUBLIC GROUNDS IN THE DISTRICT OF 

COLUMBIA. 

While all persons justly concede tlie utility and value to the Capital 
of the Nation of the system of parks and public si)ac'es at the intersec- 
tion of its streets and avenues and the important relation they bear to 
the health and welfare of the citizens, many of whom from the require- 
ments of official duties must reside here nearly continuously during the 
year, the many indirect yet not less vahiable agencies extending trom 
them in promoting the ment<al growth and cultivating a love for horti- 
culture, arboriculture, and floriculture among our people, who congre- 
gate here from all sections of our country-, do not seem to be fully 
understood or appreciated. 

Prior to the commencement of the improvement of the Smithsonian 
Grounds in 1851 by that celebrated landscape architect and gardener, 
Mr. A. J. Downing, it is believed that few extensive park improve- 
ments were contem])lated or had been made in any Ann^iican city. 

Now many of our largest cities have within their limits extensive 
and highly lipproved public ])arks, the expenditure