Skip to main content

Full text of "Annual review of the Trade and Commerce of the city of Chicago"

See other formats







UNIVERSITY OF IfcWNOIS 
yRBANA 




^i*akArfi*a 



€ 



c*' 



CHICAGO IlSr 1864. 



ANNUAL REVIEW 



OK THE 



Trade, Business and Growth 



OF 



CHICAGO 



^A-3SriD ITI^TE ISr O I?. T H "^AT E S T, 



ANNUAL STATISTICS OF RAILROADS, BANKING 

AND INSURANCE ; 

INTERNAL REVENUE AND LAKE COMMERCE; 

I WAREHOUSES, PACKING-HOUSES, WHOLESALE TRADE, PUBLIC 



/ 



SCHOOLS, ETC., ETC. 



' (Compiled fkom The Chicago Daily Tribune.) 



-«-40V'«- 



CHICAGO, ILL.: 

1865. 



Tribune CompaDy's print, 51 Clark St. 

















V4V^V 




'^ 




mm A %tmum$ 



No, 49 LA SALLE ST,, CHICAGO, 







We represent the foUoHing well-known Cuiiip;inies: 
Hartford Fire lusuranee Company, Hartford, Conn 



Springfield Fire and Marine Insurance Company, S,.iingfield, Mass 

Merchants' Insurance Company, Hartford, Conn ' 

Home Insurance Company, Xew Haven, Conn 

City Fire Insurance Company, New Haven, Conn 

Relief Fii e Insurance Company, New York 

W..sto n Massachusetts Insurance Company, Plttsfield, Ma^s.. 

Irving Fue Insurance Company, New York 

Connecticut Fire Insurance Company, Hartford, Conn 

Croton Fire Insurance Company, New York 

Tii.imes Fire Insurance Company, Norwich, Conn 

Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company, Hartford, Conn 
Travelers' Insurance Company, Hartford, Co:,n 



Capital and Assets. 
$1,500,000 



650,000 
820,000 
620,000 
350,000 
835,000 
250,000 
260,000 
275,000 
270,000 
240,000 
7,500,000 
500,000 



MOORE & STEARNS, Agents. 



'• >. 






-.V 



y^m^m Of laiNOis 



^^ 



x^"- 



CHICAGO IN 1864. 



^A 



'>,A 



V- 






6. 



1 



(From the Tribune of Saturday, Dec. 31.) 
-Ou this the last day of the year, we present 
the readers of the Tributsos with a Review of 
the Trade and Commerce of Chieao;o for the 
year 1864. In the columns which follow will 
be fiumd full and accurate statistics of tha 
various tranches of commercial and mercan- 
lile industry, with comparisons to mark the 
pr02;res8 or change which has lalien place 
from year to year, as far hack as the com- 
merce of our city can he traced. 

An examination of the figures will reveal 
to our readers that, notwithstanding we are 
in the foixrth year of the Slaveholders' rebel- 
lion, and in the midst of the greatest civil war 
ever known, the vast resources of the great 
North continue to be developed even more 
rapidly than ever before. Not only have our 
agriculturists, but also our manuiiacturer.s, 
merchacts and mechanics, enjoyed during the 
year nnw about closed, an almost unexampled 
prosperity. In spite of the prophecies made 
f;ur years airo, that "grass would grow in our 
streets," and that we would have "bread 
riots," &c., we are obliged to record the fact 
that never before in the history of our co\m- 
try, has there been such activity and success 
in ail branches of trade, manufactures and 
commerce. 



^ 



MONEY AND BANKING. 

A most important feature of business in 
this city for the year just closed, has to do 
with the changes and developments in our 
banking system that have marked its history, 
and left their permanent and gratifying eflect 
on its result s. If we have learned something 
for our own advantage, ol ourselves this year, 
we have even more emphatically taught that 
lesson to others, and stand to-day stronger, 
wider, and more solidly based than ever be- 
fore as a commercial center. The outset of 
the year found us wiih one National bank 
organized, and that coldly received by its 
fellow institutions. It found us with a mis- 
cellaneous currency which made the sorting 
process laborious to our bankers, and noxious 
to the community, a mixed andmotley mass of 
Eastern rag issues. It will be pardonable in 
ns to recall ihe course of the Tribune at the 
outset of the struggle which ended in the 
utter banishment ot'this trash fiom our chan- 
nels of trade. We were the only one of the 
city press to urge that no delay should 
be allowed in its expulsion ; that the 
.'West was selling its genuine sources of 
wealth tor trash ; that we could and should 
command good money. We stood alone 
among our city cotemporariee m this matter, 



and it will be remembered that there stood 
with them some of the best and strongest of 
those who to-day are loudest in the praise of 
the new system. At a meeting of hankers 
and others, on May 7th, a proposition to fix 
upon a greenback Ijasis was voted down. A 
week later it was adopted, Ro rapid was the 
change in public sentiment when fairly di- 
rected to the subject. Eag money went down 
"and made no sign." None of the evil 
bodings of the timid or the interested came 
true. There was forthwith enough of the 
new and universal currency to take its place, 
and the result showed what we urged from 
the first, tliat we have the staples the 
country must have, and what will always 
bring money and the best money if we de- 
mand it. It is bejond our present purpose to 
dwell hpre upon the full benefits of the 
change in system, and it is unnecessary, 
since they have been brought home to every 
reader. In ibrmer years, in the best times, 
Exchange on New York has ruled from 1 to 5 
percent, Table to be carried by the lightest 
panic to 18 or 30 per cent. This burden and 
this peril have been lilted from our trade. 
Exchange on New York througliout "the year 
has averaged at par. 

So rapidly has the National Bank system 
grown, that we have now seven National 
Banks in prosperous operation, as follows : — 

BAITKS. PRESIDENTS. 

First jSTntion?! K. A'ken. 

Second Kat'onar. J A. El'ls. 

Third N:itional J H. Bowen. 

Fourth National B. Lombard, 

Fifth National Jos !ih Lombard. 

Mechanics' Nr-tional J. Y. Scaimnon. 

Northwestern National B. Sturgis. 

The Manufacturers' National Bank has just 
been organized, with a capital of $3:25,000. 
The Directors are Hon. Wra. H. Bi own, L. 
B. Taft, D.J. Lake, Wm.-Bross. Jas. Kelly, 
Chas. F. Gray, and J. H. Wicker. The Di- 
rectors suhs;quently eleeted Hon. Wm. H. 
Brown President, and David J. Lake Cashier. 
The bank has taken the office recently occu- 
pied by the Marine Bank, and will comm(>nce 
business early in January. This is the eighth 
National Bank established in this city, and 
there are three or four others nearly ready to 
go into operation utider equally favorable au- 
spices and associations. By the opening of 
the next business season the amount of capi- 
tal of National Banks in this city will exceed 
four millions of dollars, and will result in the 
transformation of most of our best and most 
solid institutions to the new system. The 
simple statement of such proot of en- 
dorsement of the National Bank system in 
an unif.irm National currency by our ablest 
and best established men is a siguiticant fact 
that requires no stay by added comments cif 
ours. 

The year has bee-> a most prosperous one to 
all our banking institutions. A brief but 
boisterous flurry in October, in the sudden 
fall of gold, brought down three hollow i»- 



//- 



.^-^' 



2 



stitutions, and tbat was all. The only won- 
der grtw, when the stoim was o\er, that 
these had lived so Ion":. -The other banks 
stood erect, some of thi-m a httle paler, and 
wained by the lesson s^ven, hut tbe majority 
went safely through secure in the channels of 
legritima I e' business. Had that storm of Oc- 
tober last foimd our banks and community 
full of the miscellaneous currency, who will 
dare to say the results would have been the 
same. 

To give an adequate idea of the extent of 
the banking interests of this city, we shall 
venture on only a few comparative general 
statements of facts well sustaintd and suscep- 
tible of careful proof. The banking transac- 
tions, of Chicago are all lor cash. It stands 
as th'i paymas'er of the gieat Northwest, 
and disburses the millions in currency requir- 
ed 10 move its great lood staples. Each year, 
by the opening of new channels and develop- 
ment of new currents of trade, has evidenced 
our legitimate and inevitable held. The great 
Upper Mississippi regior no longer follows 
the llow of the Father of Waters. The new 
Territoiies, the far Wesi. with its new Eldo- 
rados have been added to the pay roll of Chi- 
cago. Tbe hanking capital 01 Chicago at the 
close of this year has more tnan doubled in 
the past twelve months, and is three times as 
large as that of 1802. We are now in the 
packing season, a period of heavy disburse- 
ment, but then it must be remembeied that 
there is a complete lull in the trans- 
actions in grain. For the last sixty 
days the amount handled by our bank- 
ers daily is ten millions of dollars. 

Within the past fortnight one of our leading 
banking houses In a single day shows transac- 
tions reachine two million and a half of 
DOLLARS, and there are other instances almost, 
equally striking. It must be remembered, 
thai this is currency actually handled, count- 
ed, piled, and carried aAvay. One million dol- 
lars a day goes into the country to ihe pro- 
ducer. Well may the bankers rejoice that the 
days ofrag money are over. Imagine a bank- 
ing house "sorting" two millions and a half 
of " red dog" a day. It would be simply im- 
possible.' In other words the present force of 
our bankers' assistants could do nothing with 
the mechanical question alone, of transacting 
their present amount of business in the old 
currency. 

But if the figures of our present business 
are immense, and startling by their magni- 
tude, take the accompanying actual fact that 
the necessity for duplication .of our pres- 
ent capital is even larger than the necessity a 
year ago, which has brDught us to our present 
stand point. It would be invidious and un- 
just to allow, even by remote inference, that 
the Naiional Banks are alone the pro^perfius 
institutions, but we have dwelt upon these as 
the new feature of the year, and destined to 
extend thsir system to include still others of 
our older houses. 

Tbe question of establishing a Clearing- 
House in the city has been long discussed by 
our leading bankers and business men, and it 
meets with general favor. Of its necessity 
there is no doubt, and it only requires unan- 
imity with regard to the plan on which it will 
be conducted to secure its prompt establish- 
ment. As a safeguard to bankers and busi- 
ness men generally, no time should be lost in 
organizing it in some shape. 



GOLD. 

During the past year, gold has been the 
commercial thermometer of the country. As 
the premium on gold rose or fell, so did the 
price of every article of merchandise. There 
was no exception to this— the speculator as 
well as the shipper, was guided by it — the im- 
porter and the exporter— the manulacturer 
and the dealer. The law of supply and de- 
mand, which usually regulates markets and 
values, was of veiy little importance when 
compared with the advance or decline in 
gold. In this way, commercial operators of 
all kinds hav^^ had to look, first at gold, and 
then at tbe supply or the dtmand. In order 
to keep fully posted, it has been necessary 
for a merchant almost to keep a telegraph 
wire in his pocket in connection with Wall 
street, for accoiding to the motion of the 
"bulls" or "bears" he has had to shape Ms 
com-se. 

It is not necessary in this Review to discuss 
thepiopriety or folly which may be thought 
to be connected witti this state of atfairs. 
Our province is now to state facts; and 
whether there has been any genuine cause or 
not lor the violent fluctuations of gold, it is 
nevertheless true that as gold has advanced, 
the price of every single article has been ad- 
vanced, and vice versa. 

Below will be found a table, showing the 
range of quotations at which gold was sold 
in ISew York at the regular citock Boaid, each 
day during the year up to date. Higher and 
even lower quotations ruled at the irregular 
meetings of gold speculators, but of these no 
accural e record exists, and we submit the 
figmes of the regular Stock Board : 



DAtLT PRICE OP GOLD 1> NEW 
■XEaB 1864. 

Jan. 2 153 @152K M'ch 

4 151>.® 5'% 

5 15.^(,xl52 

6 15lH®15I5i' 

7 ..... .I5.?i*.52 

8 '5 ^«152% 

9 15l;^(9 52 

11 152 Ca:!52X 

13 15S»i'@1.5J34 

liJ 153^2(31154 

14 ISoX'o l"i5 

15 155®155M 

16 15.M@157?f 

18 .158M@159^ 

19 >&9; @ 59Js; 

20 158>iwl58^ 

n 155>4®157^ 

22 15...|ii^ laSJi 

23 156>,®156>i 

25 157M<3ti58 

2« ..,.1575i(<«i;8 

27 15li^@15;% J 

28 157 L4l5T>^i 

29 1.=.e%(ai5'i^ j 

30 156<!i®157 ' 

Fet). 157>^i.lf8 I 

•i 15Ti^i5y)5'i5^ I 

3 157^®158ji' 

4 .15;^4®i5S>4 

5 157^jis.l58 

6 15S ©138^ 

8 ;5SJi ,15!t>^ 

9 ...159^(c 60 

10 15i( @159>i 

11 159 tel59>^ 

12 159 @15!)^ 

li 159H(a>59>i 

15 159^® eiH 

16 ItiU (s!l61M 

17 leC M160M 



TOBK DUailTG THB 



17 Ibl tnlW^i 

18 159Kwl(;0Ji 

19 158 @159>i' 

20 158?i 159K 

22 168y@159 

23 '.t7>iifel">73^ 

24 ®157M 

25. 158® lotj^ 

26 15;j^@li8^ 

27 158 @158>i 

29 ir:S'/:l@59}4 

M'ch 1 159MW1C0 

2 159},(s.l60 

3 16yigei61 



4 161 (Sl&l% 

5 lGi^@162 

7 iQD^mim 

8 162'<.®1643f 

9 lG6J^<tl683g 

10 164h@1643^ 

11 Wiyi&lU'/i 

12 I6l («162)< 

14 1G0>-®161 

15 161 fe/163 

16 161 (ai6S 

17 imy,®wiH 

18 162 ®Hi-Sl4 

19 16; <9lC2<^ 

21 161MCS.162H 

22 163^'^' 164 

23 l&i @105K 

24 166 ®167 

25 ;6SM®1C9K 

26 168K,^169>^ 

28 165 ®;68>i 

29 165 @im'A 

KO 10;K®164M 

31 36t (9 64H 

April 1 im <sl68X 

2 im^4@ 66% 

4 lB6M®lCi>i 

5 167;., 15-168 

6 lG^'4m''"% 

7 lU9>®171>i 

8 '<e^WJH 

9 160%®in% 

11 171 ®17lX 

1^ 17:>i@174>i 

13 174>s@79)i 

14 172 ©IS". 

15 171M@175 

16 ...171 (ail7aK 

18 168 @i71H 

19 165 @169K 

2( 16J @.t-9j< 

21 167 ®169>i 

22 172><c@175 

23 174>i@179 

24 J79}i@182Ji 

26 180 «184 

27 177 @181»f 

28 177 el8(J5C 

29 178>ii®180 

30 179 &179X 

May 2 1775^® 177 

3 177J4®181 

4 178>i@180!< 



May 5 mumiS^ 

6 173 «r4'6 

7 rn («!m 

9 itj8Hwi'ia>^ 

10 imi4:,tlC)Si4 

11 ra (L«rt6 

12 i73;-<(«il74}i 

13 ViOH''iiTS 

14 171M''i!l72Vi 

16 172^(3175}^ 

17 Vit-i^'iciri^ 

18 182 ("184 

19 181K(ffl8o 

iO 180!i6M82 

SI lS-i^'.,i-S-i\i 

23 1813ic5ilS23^ 

24 ISii^CaSSK 

25 184HW1S5 

26 '83 (al845f 

27 18G («'18SaiC 

28 1855^ll89V 

80 188 ("il9iV 

81 1R8 P190 

June 1 187>$l.'190 

2 190 (»a91 

3 9ii el91% 

4 ]90Wnl91 

6 192K(f"l94K 

7 192 fr<.]94 

S.f 19^urrtl05 

9 194 (.'ilSS 

10 19"i%:.''V.mx 

11 193 (.'198 

13 19{ (;<19S 

14 195 f. 198 

15 19«i^'i.:197?^ 

16 197 (i^m}4 

17. 195H(iia96;Y 

18 i95 @ 95Ji 

20 I97^(»198i* 

21 199 ("208 

22 210 (<>-2S0 

23 205 (ci225 

24 212 c-217 

25 215 («220 

27 221 («240 

as 2:?4 (;. 210 

29 285 («250 

30 215 (t'251 

July 1 2.!2 (<i280 

2 230 @25U 

5 2M5 (<.,249 

6. .248 ®2m}i 

7.. ...... .262 (1(273 

8 261) ^i-fn 276,1^ 

9 .2C0 (^275 

11 276 @285 

12 271 («282 

13 268Ji^@273 

14..,. 258 @268 

IS 244 ®256 

16 248><!@25l;i 

IS 2.>4H®2ai>i- 

19 258)Kn268Ji' 

30 201 ®a!i3X 

21 ....256K@260 

22 250>^(<(2573i' 

23 253?^@256 

25 255^^(.f258'^ 

26; v,575r@259>^ 

27 .2.54 c.i>257>'4 

28 244 @252 

29 250 @253J^ 

80 253 ®258 

Aug. 1 251 @259 

2 25(5 «52583^ 

3 256>^®258>i 

6 ZS8^@261'A 

6 259M@261^ 

8 25i>i^(«.259>^ 

9 252M®255X 

10 254X(5>2.i5K 

11 253>^@2.56Ji: 

12 355M@257"^ 

13 254><@2!56K 

15 2553^(^256% 

16 255?^@25<ijii- 

17 255jSj'@257 

18 257 ©358 



Aug. 19 257 @257% 

20 25GK(<'.2;vi>^ 

22 256;^(u 257}.f 

23 257>^@2-,8« 

24 254)^('-237 

25 254y/w2ffiV 

26 253:,'^®2r.6 

27 245 ..;253 

29 23.5K@215 

30 23l;«@236 

31... 234 ®213 

Sept. 1 243 ®248>^ 

2 '^48K(")254?i 

3 236 ® i'i 

5 235 (.24314 

6 240'<^@2i-/H 

7 ...24 I '■''<-> ■•■■■■"< 

8 2:r;. , .,;,,■■ 

9 ...234 ,.::., 

10 21s ©;.8>i 

12 213><<i'225 

13 217 Mk'. 22s 

14....,....223}^(S;228 

15 227M@2;'9 

16 223K(ai228 

17 v20?ij'(il222K 

19 224Ji®236i< 

20 224 ®2i6'4 

21 220M('<'2a 

22 3 7^@3>lJi 

23 210 (a217 

24 199 @VI12 

26 185 @192 

27 191k@174 

28 194 @'!04 

29 196K(«'201 

30 190 ®191>^ 

Oct. 1 1893^©193;s 

S ie0s^@193 

4 191 m'Mi 

5 189 ®19u 

6 192Jc(@196>Y 

7 192is@205 

8 197y@2()3 

10 195K(S19S 

11 193 @303 

12 201 @204J^ 

18 203^@210 

14 V08 @217Ji 

15 213 w;-.'20 

17 217K®222'f 

18 206 @215 

19 208':V(''21'iK 

20 207 (t'illj-i 

21 2('7 (('20SX 

23 210 ("■U2i' 

24 2i2?>'2105i: 

25 217><W'2 8J^ 

26 'iti^mi'tii 

27 215 frt2 OH 

38 215J-4'(<''217>< 

29 218 (^2!i,ii 

?1 231J<;.v227 

Nov. 1. 339;ii,<24lM 

2 2235^(r-2!6 

3 326 (SJ23C 

4 232K("237K 

5 234 (.'2-l!l>^ 

7 238 C^i%ll% 

8 @ 

9 @ 

JO (tit 

U---- 2S8 (ffi243X 

12 242 («245 

14 243X(i246;< 

15 237a^(»2l'^^ 

16 229 (;-240 

17 3 8 (Pj229 

18 309><J(:;2 9 

19 2i5>i;a224>Y 

21 217 (JiUfi 

23 2313i(«329h' 

23 230 (5224K 

25 227Ji..2215i' 

26 219 (i.;225 

28 226 (5 233 

29 233 @236 

80 229>g®232^ 



Dec 



1 225Ji(7i!2271<; I 

2 330.V..<332si I 

3 2;'S!.4'(«2r>0v.; I 

5 -mii^-zmil 

6 230 (i^:'-J32?^ I 

7 23r3^(rt24)K I 

8 239 ®2I3 I 

9 2103-$(u;243 I 

10 ^■;KM>239!i I 

13 2o3i:f«7 237 

13 23- #235% I 

14 2333^(g235^ 



15 2^4K®237 

16 •^■^%<^23iiC 

17 235 (S)231 

19 ni'^fSin 

20 22i%&225>i 

21 222-.4<<<2-'5H 

32 ^21H&2:4X 

23 220>iw22i.;i: 

24 2^0;'^(<i.324)i 

27 314Ji(a3i7;ii' 

28 •..2 6 (s33» 

29 223 @224>i 



THE INSURANCE BUSINESS. 

The Insurance interests of Clii;ago, always 
large, have assumed proportions duilng the 
past year never reached before, and the mag- 
nitude of which can only be realized by ag- 
gregating ihe business of the various institu- 
tions doing business here. The vast accumu- 
lations of property from the surrounding 
country, attracted here by the superior ware- 
house facilities afforded by Chicago, the con- 
centration of the provision trade at this point, 
t'le heavy stocks of merchaadise required by 
our merchants to supply the vast trade of 
the Northwest, in connection with the aug- 
mented values attaching at the present time 
to every species of property, render the re- 
quirements in the way of iusuiance exceed- 
ingly heavy. It is doubted if any American 
ciiy, outside of New York, exceeds Chicago 
in tlie amount of its local insurance business. 
To carry the rislis often requir(.d in single lo- 
calities taxes to the utm'ost the combined re- 
sources of our seventy foreign and local com- 
panies doing business here. Fourteen agen- 
cies and firms are eugagi^d in the fire business, 
whose combined p.-emiums for the last year 
slightly exceed $900,000. One of the leading. 
Eastern fire companies * in view of the im- 
portance of its business at this point, and. 
the country contiguou.s, has just erected a 
1 branch office to accommodate business, at a 
cost of $3.5,000. Others, it is believed, will 
follow its example. 

' The Marine premiums approximate to 
I $430,000, receivid at the various agencies 
during the past season, while the premiums 
taken by the dilferent Life Insurance Aaen-- 
cies, including both general and local, reach 
$500,000 more. 

An idea of the popularity of this branch of 
the business in Chicago may be formed from 
the fact, that a single agencyt represents over 
1,200 policies in force in this city, and Three 
Thousand in the State. Added to the above 
the business of several General Agency offl- 
ces, in the fire business, located in ■ this city, 
for premiums reported from agencies located 
in dilierent States, to the offices here, excee.i 
half a million ot dollars, that of a single 
office reaching $400,000. The combined In- 
surance business therefore of this city for the 
past year falls but little short of $2,500,000. 
Its Insurance business alone, may be safely 
pointed to, as evidence of the metropolitan ■ 
character of Chicago. 



The "Hartford Bnilding." 



THE HARTFORD FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY. 
[From the Chicago Tribune, Jan. 8.] 
The relations this Company sustains to this city and the North-west, through its business 
enterprises, seems to require that more than a passing allusion should be made to them, 
in writiug up the financial and commercial character of Chicago. 

This Company has long been known as among the most vigorous and stable institutions- 
* Hartford Fire Insurance Oo. t Connecticut Mutual Life. 



of the country ; its reputation has a national character, and its name passes as a synonym of 
honor wherever its transactions have reached. 

This city in view of its character as a radiating point, and of its promise as the com- 
mercial and financial centre of the North-west, was selected several years since by this 
Company as the base of its future operations for the States comprising its Western Depart- 
ment, being tho?e of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, 
Kansas, Missouri, Kentucky, and prior to commencement of the war of remaining South- 
western States. Since that time it has been quietly and unobtrusively pursuing at its Clark 
street office, a business which, in point of magnitude, is reached by but few American fire 
offices. The location of the new Merchants' Exchange, on LaSalle street, determined the 
Company to prepare more permanent and eligible quarters for its business, and the realization 
of that determination may be seen in the elegant marble front structure, 49 LaSalle street, 
known as the Hartford Building, and which will hereafter rank as among the most chaste 
and beautiful of the many handsome edifices devoted to finance and commerce in this city. 
The dimensions of the office are 26 by 60 feet, and it consists of three high stories, over & 
basement also high and airy, and which is mostly above ground. The front is of finely 
wrought Athens marble. Its architectural features are of the Italian order, being massive 
and grand, and, in this respect, they are eminently in keeping with the character of the 
institution for whose use the office has been reared. 

The front is surmounted by a heavy and elaborate stone balustrade, on which stands 
out in stone letters the words " Hartford Fire Ins. Co.," "Western Department." The 
windows are of a very pleasing pattern, v/ith heavy ornamented stone caps, and are of the 
finest quality of polished plate glass, imparting great richness to the general appearance of 
the structure. ^ 

Entering the building, we discover that, in its construction, the use of soft wood and 
paint have been entirely discarded, and, from foundation to top, its interior fittings are all of 
clear white ash, which by a peculiar oil finish is made to present a most beautiful and unique 
appearance. In looking through the apartments, one is led to discover the superiority of 
the natural over the artificial, and to wonder why we spend so much in trying to imitate 
nature, when she furnishes us so prodigally with that which so much surpasses our best 
attempts at copying her designs. To those who contemplate the erection of fine buildings 
we submit that this institution, in the particular referred to, has taken a step towards forming 
a correcter taste, worthy of imitation. • 

The suits of offices on the main floor are occupied by Messrs. Moore & Stearns, for seve- 
ral years prominently associated with Insurance interests in this city, and who join with their 
representation of the Local Department of the " Old Hartford" the following well 'known 
Companies, giving them a list the public have proven their appreciation of by the prosperity 
and prominence secured to this firm. Their full list of Companies is as follows: Hartford 
Fire Insurance Company, Hartford, Conn.; Springfield Fire and Marine Insurance Company, 
Springfield, Mass.; Merchants' Insurance Company, Hartford, Conn.; Home Insurance Com- 
pany, New Haven, Conn.; City Fire Insurance Company, New Haven, Conn.; Relief Fire 
Insurance Company, New York; Western Massachusetts Insurance Company, Pittsfield, 
Mass.; Irving Fire Insurance Company, New York ; Connecticut Fire Insurance Company, 
Hartford, Conn.; Croton Fire Insurance Company, New York ; Thames Fire Insurance Com- 
pany, Norwich, Conn.; Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company, of Hartford. In 
their new location, Messrs. Moore & Stearns are admirably well placed in one of the 
most elegant and commodious offices in the city. On the second floor are the rooms 
of the General Agent, and his assistants in the Corresponding department, and on the 
third, those of the Copying and Supply departments. We should mention that the 
basement office is also used for insurance purposes by Messrs Olcott & Marsh. The building 
contains five massive stone vaults, each furnished with Hendrickson's (Brooklyn, N. Y.) 
patent fire and burglar proof doors. All of the interior furniture is of heavy oiled walnut, 
and in its pattern in keeping with the character of the building. The entire building is 
warmed by one of Murray & Gold's steam heating apparatus, and every appurtenance con- 
nected with the building seems to be of the best and most complete description. The whole 
effect conveyed by an inspection, both of the interior and exterior of the structiire, is that 



of the solid Bind the enduring; everything gaudy or ephemeral in its character has been studiously 
avoided. 

This enterprise has been inaugurated and prosecuted to completion for the Company, 
under the supervision of G. F. Bissell, Esq., who, as General Agent of the Company, has 
the entire management of the afiTairs of the institution in its Western Department. 

The business features of the office deserve a moment's notice. This institution is de- 
voted to the business of fire insurance exclusively, which is prosecuted through an extensive 
system of agencies, located throughout the different States before alluded to — these agencies, 
between four and five hundred in number, each submit their monthly returns of all trans- 
actions and receipts to this office the same as if it were an independent office — all losses 
occurring on its territory are adjusted and paid through this Department, so that the office 
combines all of the features of a local company, doing a vast business throughout a dozen 
different States. This division of Eastern and Western business is found both advantageous 
and necessary for various reasons, we will not take time to state here — it U a feature, however, 
that certainly should be popular with Western customers of the Company, and the substantial 
prosperity of the institution renders abundant proof that it is so. 

The business of the office, including the necessary supervision of its large field, the 
adjustment of losses, location of agencies, and a multitude of other matters connected with 
an extensive agency business, requires a large clerical force, and gives employment to a 
variety of the best business talent. The office labors of the Department are performed by 
the General Agent and a force of eight assistants, while four adjusting and supervising 
assistants are employed outside the office. 

The department of supplies is one of no small importance in an office like this. More 
than 500,000 miscellaneous advertisements are distributed from this office annually, through 
its agencies ; besides the blanks consumed by so large a number of agents, each one of 
which requires a complete outfit of books, blanks, &c., amounts to an enormous aggregate, 
and furnishes no inconsiderable sum of business for Chicago printers. Happening into the 
printing department of the Tribune, a day or two since, we observed a single edition of 
calendars being struck off, amounting to nearly 60,000 for the agencies of this Company. 

It is gratifying thus to notice the enterprises of an institution that has stood through 
fair weather and storm, for more than half a century, and still exhibits signs, neither of 
decrepitude or age — on the contrary, in its plans and arrangements for future business, and 
in its intelligent realization of the business character and wants of our city and the North- 
west, it shows the vigor of a giant, just stripping for the race towards eminence. Such 
institutions are an honor to Ameiican character, and reflect the highest credit upon the 
sagacity of those whose patient toil and inflexible integrity have built them up. 

Such alliances of Eastern capital, as that herein indicated, we would strive to encourage. 
They are not only gratifying to every citizen of Chicago in the highest degree, but are full 
of promise respecting the perpetuity of our country under one Government, and constitute 
a practical bar to the prevalence of any such insane idea as that which has sometimes found 
encouragement, that certain sections of that country may be "left out in the cold ;" and 
while we hope to witness other accessions to the financial character of Chicago similar to 
that chronicled above, we would express the hope that the " Old Hartford" may reap the full 
reward to which she is entitled by virtue of her honorable enterprise. 

THE CONNECTICUT MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. 
Among equally well managed Life Insurance Companies, that is the safest, the cheapest, 
and the most deserving of confidence which has done and is doing the largest amount of 
business; for, while it is demonstrably safe to contract ten thousand such obligations, it 
would be extremely hazardous to continue operations if a company could form only a few 
hundred of them. The expenses of management for a small and new company are relatively 
much greater than for a large and old one. The occurrence of a severe epidemic, accepted 
as the severest test of solvency, could have very little effect on a large company that insured 
at least ten thousand lives, for it would not diminish its large available means more than a 
small percentage. Making a careful comparison from official tables between five of the 
large companies, that have existed at least sixteen years, and insured on an average fifty-five 
millions of dollars each, the mean annual rates of receipts to expenses is between nine and 



^■w-W-WS 



- ..vr*»-,»^/> A > k-VirjV^"* • 



ten per cent., while in five of the smallest companies, insuring only about three millions 
each, this mean rate is nearly forty per cent. The cost of insuring one's life in one of these 
latter companies is from twenty to thirty per cent, more than it need be and would in an old 
comp-iny like the Connecticut Mutual. It is obviously for the direct profit of the insured 
to share the prosperity and dividends of a prosperous coupany. The Connecticut Mutual 
has now twenty thousand policies. What will be the cost to a Emaller company to reach 
the same list, and in the face of competition which this company did not have to meet in 
its earlier period of growth ? It is obvious that the insured in a new company have to share 
the expenses of a struggle in which they have no other possible advantage than that afiForded 
at a less expense by an institution already well established. 

During the past year the Connecticut Mutual have issued eight thousand policies — a 
larger number than was ever issued in one year by any company in the United States or 
Europe. Under the management of its General Agency for this State, by Messrs. Moore & 
Stearns, the Company's business in Illinois is very much larger than that of any Life In- 
surance Company doing business in the State. 

[From the New York Insurance Monitor, December.] 

"At the risk of repeating what everybody knows, we may affirm that Hartford, in Con- 
necticut, is, and for many years has been, a great centre of Insurance interests. Whether 
the people of Hartford are more prudent than other people, we do not undertake to s^y ; but 
they have certainly taken with extreme relish to the business of Insurance. Some twenty 
companies have been established there, among which the JStna, and the Hartford Fire, have 
long ago made themselves a national reputation. The Connecticut Mutual Life is, of course, 
a younger Company than these old standards; still it is, as most people know, an old corpo- 
ration, and one that has ever been honorably esteemed. But it is not so well known that the 
Connecticut Mutual has outstripped these, and all life insurance competitors, in point of 
assets, and amount of annual premiums received. The unprecedented increase in this Com- 
pany's business, during the past year — as shown in its report to the Commissioners of Massa- 
chusetts — is so surprising that we are impelled to put it on record. The Connecticut within 
the past year, has been involved in wordy warfare with the Insurance Superintendent of New 
York, and has been the subject of some newspaper comment, and strictures from competing 
Life Insurance Companies as to its method of making dividends. But this persecution has 
done the Company good, rather than evil — if we may judge by its increased activity, and the 
unexampled prosperity which its enterprise has secured. Opposition has given it increased 
action and success. It has issued, in the year ending Xov. 1st, 7,580 policies — the largest 
number, it is believed, ever issued by a Life Company, within one year. The receipts of the 
Company, in premiums, were over Two Millions of Dollars, and its receipts, in interest, were 
1626,339.95. Its whole number of policies now in force is 21,896, the largest of any Com- 
pany in existence." 

" The Connecticut commenced business in 1847, without any capital. At present its 
assets amount to over $7,000,000, being an increase of a million and a quarter in one year, 
and it has, since its organization, paid losses to the amount of 84,000,000, and dividends to 
the extent of §3,000,000. This is a fine record of success, and we do not wonder that the 
question is often asked — How is it that the Connecticut is so marvellously successful ? It has 
no general traveling agent, and — except occasionally in the columns of the MonHo) — it does 
not advertise. We answer, that its Chief Managers are thorough workers, who know men aa 
well as business, and who seldom or never fail, in their selection of agents, to secure live, 
practical persons. These, by correspondence and by occasional visits, they bring up to a 
working pitch, and a faithful thoroughness, commensurate with their own. Thus the Com- 
pany is fortunate in having trustworthy, strong men in control of its affairs. This is much — 
and, we think, is a sufficient explanauon of the Company's prosperity — a prosperity, which 
we have all the more pleasure in recording because it has been won by quiet, persistent 
labor, and is enjoyed with modest dignity." 

[From the Chicago Tribune, Jan. 6.] 
"ACCIDENTS WILL HAPPEN." 

This old familiar adage underlies the principle and the value of the Travelers' Insttk- 
ANCK Company, of Hartford, established within the past year, and represented in this city 



by Messrs. Moore & Stearxs. It is based on the accepted fact that all mankind are con- 
stantly liable to casualties that peril life and limb, that may disable the head of the family 
and leave his tender ones without support, — that may turn the tools of the mechanic, or the 
swifc wheels of commerce, into destroying and destructive agencies, and leave the sufferer 
dependent on charity for support. For just this exigency is the "Travelers' Insurance 
Company" intended, and the name is a misnomer for a large chiss of its patrons, unless, 
indeed, it is meant that we are all travelers through this dangerous world of ours. Not only 
is it for protection against accident by travel, but also the security of the mechanic at his 
work among tools and wheels, — of citizens of all classes in their homes, — of all persons, 
indeed, against casualties of every sort; not, indeed, to avert the dispensation, but to pro- 
vide against its possible effects. The family of the d^y laborer can easily spare enough 
from their income to furnish this shield to their household, and it is neither necessary nor 
wise for families better off in this world's goods to neglect to even more liberally seek the 
same safeguard. Already Messrs. Moore & Stearns, since their assuming the agency in this 
city, have issued at the rate of over two thousand Policies per annum. Shall we give two 
instances of losses already paid under circumstances the public will appreciate ? One of 
these is a total loss in the death of the insured, in which case the Company is Life Insurance. 
The other is that of a mechanic, who secures an ample income from a small payment of pre- 
mium, sufficient to cover the expenses of his period of disability. Let all read and ponder 
these cases, and learn thereby, better than a volume could give, the beneficence of the prin- 
ciple of the "Travelers' Insurance Company." 

Hass Iverson. — On Monday morning, Dec. 19th, 1S64, Hans Iverson, a workman in the 
Illinois Central Car Works, at Chicago, 111., while engaged at work upon a tenoning machine, 
and using his left hand to guide the same, his hand came in contact with the revolving plane, 
amputating the first joint of the forefinger, and severely injuring the remaining fingers. Dr. 
Ammerman, Physician and Surgeon for the 111. C. Works, dressed the wound, having con- 
siderable trouble to stop the bleeding, and pronounced it a case of total disability for at 
least two or three montlis. The unfortunate man, however, is well provided for, he having 
been insured in the " Travelers' Insurance Company " two weeks previous to the accident for 
$2,000, from which Company he receives ten dollars per week compensation. 

Stephen Super. — The advantages of a "timely investment" are thus well told in the 
Hartford Evening Press, reviving an item of news already familiar to many of our city read- 
ers. We quote as follows: 

"The Travelers' Insurance Company received advices yesterday of their first total loss 
under a General Accident Policy. Stephen Super, a railroad conductor on the line from 
Peoria to Galetburg, 111., was instantly killed, last week, by falling between the cars of his 
train. His Policy was the second one issued by the agent at Galesburg, who had held his 
appointment but a very few days. By this timely provision, and an investment of only $20, 
this poor man's family have secured the handsome sum of $5,000, which will be promptly 
paid." 

Ought there to be any other hint needed to show the inestimable value of this branch 
of insurance. It is the sole Company of this kind on the continent, and is well and excel- 
lently based. It commends itself to every family man, every son and brother upon whom 
others are dependent for support, and, quite as much, to those alone in the world, who are 
thus secured against the evil consequences of casualties of all kinds, the loss of income 
during the period of disability from accidents being effectually guarded againtt. 



THE NATIONAIi DEBT. Jan. 1, 1T93 79,22''.52<).12 

Thefollowing is a statement of the pub-; i' isoo;'.!'.;;!;!;;;'.;;!;.';!"!! stoTlA'fl^'Il 

lie debt on the 1st day of January in each of i l^ I80l!!!!!.. .!...!!! 8-3'033'05O.80 

the years from 1791 to 1843 mclusive, and at h '-,^1 |-'f'i^'«l'filn 



various dates in subsequent years to July 1, 

1864: 

Jan. 1,1791 15,46-3,476.53 

1, ITga TT,2-27,9-i4.6S 

1, 1793 8ii,:C52,ti.34.'4 

1, 1794 73,4:27,404.77 

1, 1795 S!),747,5S7.3'< 

1, 1893 &:3,7«a,n-2.07 

t, 1797 83,064,4,9.33 



1, 1803 77,054,686.30 

1, 1804 86,4-27,120.88 

1, a-^S 8«,-2i-,!,i5..50 

1, 1808 75,7i3.270.66 

1. 18t.7 69,2 -,398.64 

1, 1K)8 6.%196,317.97 

1, 1809 57,023,19;J.96 

1, 1810 53,17 ,217.52 

1,1811 4?,005,.587.70 

1, 1812...> 45,209,737.90 



8 



Jan. 1,19.\Z 66,962,827.57 

1, 1814 81,487.816.24 

1, 1815 fl9.8s3.600.i5 

1, 1816 127,;jai.ii33.74 

1, 1817 12:3,4'.a.9t5. 6 

1, 181S l&i.4Wi.633.S3 

1,1819 95,52!i,C.S2S 

1, 1820 91,015,566.15 

1, 1621 89,987,427.66 

1, 1823 93.546,67(i.y8 

1, 1S23 90.8 5,8. 7.28 

1, 1824 9i).269,777.77 

1, 1S25 I-3,7.S8,')32.71 

1, 182-1 81,l)54,('5'.).<,9 

), 1S27 73,9 .';,:i57.20 

1, 1828 67,475,013.87 

1, ]81i9 58,»2i, 113.67 

1, 1830 48,565, 'lO^.SO 

1, 1S31 39, :23. 191.68 

1, 18S2 V:4,.ix2,2;i5.1- 

1, 1833 7,001,0:52.88 

1, 1834 4,7611,081.(18 

1, 1S::5 S51,2.s2.05 

1, 1826 291,08 '.Oo 

1, I8:n 1,878.223.^5 

1, 1838 4,8.57,6i 0.46 

1, 1839 11,983,737.53 

1, 180 5,i-:;5,0'".7.63 

1, lf-41 6,7.S7,: 98.00 

1, 184-^ 15,('28,4S6.37 

July 1, 1843 . . 27.20H,450.H'J 

1, 1844 24,74^18«.23 

1, 1^45 17,093,794.8U 

1,1846 16,750,9.;6.3< 

1, 1847 3i,e56.t>23.38 

1, 18-.8 48,53H;379.37 

Dec. 1, 1849 ., 64,704,693.71 

1, 1850 64,228,?3S.S7 

Nov.20, 1851 62,5^0,395 96 

Dec. 30, 1852 65.131,692.1:H 

July 1, 1853 67,3i!i,62-.78 

1, 1854 47,2 2, 06.('5 

Nov.17, 1855 39,969,7 l.OS 

15, 1856 30,ii63.9r9.«4 

July 1, 1857 2ii,0fi0,3S6.90 

1, 1858 4-1,9 0,777.66 

1, 1850 58,754,ti9y.38 

1, 1860 64,769,70:108 

1, 18H1 90,867,8-.;8.68 

1,1802 .... 514,21,371.^2 

1, 1863 1,(98,793,181.37 

1, 1864 1,740,690,489.: 9 



Volunteer scrip 576,000 

" " rew issoe, being part of 

*200,000 authorized 6,000 

Total $774,000 



Debt of tUe City of Cblcago, Decem- 
ber 31, 1864. 

Floating liabilities .nnd bills payable.. S79,295.39 

Funded debt, old issues 371,000.00 

" " ncwissues 950,500.00 

School fund bonds 28,000.00 

Sewerage debt 1,100 000.00 

Water debt 1,308,000.00 

Total 83,8:30,795.39 



Debt of tlie State of Illinois, Decem- 
ber 31, 1864. 
The following is a complete table of the in- 
debtedness of the State of Illinois, all of 
"which bears interest at the rate of 6 per cent 
per annum : 

Illinois bank and internal improve- 
ment stock $31,000 00 

Illinois internal improvement stock. 42,000.00 

Inlernal improvement scrip ^..^"O.SS 

Liquidation bonds. 234, 050.21 

New internal impiovement stock 1,848,407.85 

Interest bonds l,206,836.9ri 

Interest stock 701,404.75 

Two certificates of arrears of interest 1,002.58 

Refunded stock I,&37,0n0.00 

Normal university bonds Oi.dOO.OO 

War bonds 1,679,100.00 

Thornton loan bonds (act approved 

Feb. 21, 18hl) 182,000.00 

Balance canal claims (under same act) 3,624.58 
Illinois and Micnican canal bonds 

(pavable in New York) 1,618,000.00 

" London 1,631,688.89 

Interesr certificates c.;nal stock, not 

reeristered 17,661.33 

Canal scrip, signed by Governor 2,616.97 

Total 511.121,564.45 

Same time 1862 $12,222,388.20 



Debt of Cook County, Illinois, Decem- 
ber 31, 1864. 

County bonds ?203,00O 

Less taxes set apart for redemption 10,000 

$193,000 



EXPOKTS AND IMPORTS OF THE 
iJNITIiD STATES. 

The following table shows the gross value 
of the exports and imports of the United 
States from the beginning of the Government 
to June 30, 18G4 : 

. EXPORTS. , 

Tearend'g. Donie>.iicPro. Total Expt's Total Impfs. 

1790 $ 19,566,000 $ 30,20.5.156 $ 23,000,0i 

1191 IS.JOO.lOO 19,1112,031 S9 200,600 

179-' l>i,COO,fOO 20.758,098 31,500,000 

179:^ 24.00i',('0n 26.109,572 31,100,000 

1791 20,.'-i00.00n 33,026,283 »4,60O,OOO 

1795 f9,,'-)00,000 47,989,472 69,750,268 

1796 4ii.7rvl,067 67,06.097 81,430,144 

1797 29,S50.2(G 5!),850, .'Oii 75,379,406 

1798 28,527,097 61,527,097 68,.5.51,700 

1799 3:3,142,522 7S,6fi5,5-,'2 79,009,148 

1800 31,840,9C.<? 70,971,780 91.252,768 

180 47,473,204 94,115,925 111,:.63,511 

1802 36,7.8,189 72,483,100 76,3:».33S 

1803 42,20.i,fi(il .55,8'0,«:J3 64.lW',666 

1804 41,4C;,477 77,699.074 85.000,000 

1805 42.387,003 9.5,566,021 I20,e0:',000 

1806 41,2r»,7-^7 101,536,9«3 129,410,000 

1807 48.6'J<I.592 118,343,150 138,50 ',000 

1808 9,43:3,546 22.430.970 5v, 900,000 

1809 31,405,702 52.203,23;} 59,:0n,f00 

1810 42,;«,fi75 66,657,970 85,100,000 

1811 45,294,043 6i,8'6,833 .5:3,40 ,i 00 

1812 30,132,109 38,.527,236 77,030,000 

1813 25,0.8,132 27,855,927 22,00.%C.OO 

1814 6,782,272 6,927,441 12,905,000 

1815 4.-.,9;4,3.3 52,5.57,753 11.3,041,274 

1816 64,78l.S9t) 81,920,352 147,lfM,000 

1817 68.31:5,500 87,671,560 99,2.50,000 

1818 73,8.54,4:37 y3,2-il,13:3 121,750,000 

1819 50,976,838 70,142,.521 87,12.5,0(.0 

1820 51,683,640 09,091,669 74,4,50,('00 

1821 43,'i71,8»l 61,974,382 62,.585,724 

1822 49,874,079 72,160,281 83.241,541 

1823 47,15.5,408 74,699,(30 77,579,267 

1824 5f',649„500 75,986,657 89.549,007 

18>5 66,914,745 99,52.5.3&S 96,34i',075 

1826 53,0.55,710 77,59.5,:322 84,974,477 

1827 58,921,681 82,:3a4,727 79,484,C68 

1823 5ii,6ii9,669 72,264,086 88,.5C9,824 

1829 55,700,193 72,358,671 71,492,527 

1830 59,46; Oaa 73,849.508 78,^76,920 

1831 61.277.057 81.310,583 1C3191.>24 

1^32 t3.1S7 470 87,170.913 101.C29.26fi 

185!3 7',:n7,fi'^8 99 14G.443 108,118,311 

1834 ,, 81,' 34.162 104 330,973 120.521382 

183=: ]01189,0«2 12l.fi93.577 149 895,742 

18-6 106 916 680 128,fi63.<'40 189,9-0,035 

1887 95 5r4.4-;4 117,419.376 140 989.217 

1338 ........ 96,0.^3 821 10S^,4?6 016 11:5.717,404 

1839 lf:^.5:;«.98; 121,028416 162.(92 412 

184!) 113,^95.034 1.3,',08.5,flS6 106141,519 

1841 100,Sb2.72 121851,81.3 1279itr,177 

1842 .... 92,9i:9,906 104.fi91.534 10'i,16',(«7 

1843 47,793,71^ 84.S46,.180 64,753,799 

1844 99.715 779 111,20 j 046 10M35 0S5 

1845 9:V99,77B 114,64'i,e06 117.2=4.564 

1816 102,S41.893 113.4S8,.''16 121,691,797 

1847 150,0:37,464 15.^,64'* .(Wi 14fi,.545.638 

1818 ):32 904,121 1,54,032,181 154,998 928 

1849 132,66r..955 145.75 >.!;20 147.857.439 

1«50 136,94(5,912 151 89s72'J 178,i;38,318 

1851 I96.fi89,718 218.381.011 2'6.?24.932 

:8.52 ]9',36S.9s4 2()9«.'8 866 212.915,442 

1853 213,417.697 230,976.1.57 267,978,647 

1854 2.^:390,870 278211064 804 5fi2.?81 

1855 246.7'S.,553 275.156846 261 ,46'- 520 

1856 310,586,8:30 826,9f4,908 814 <«9.942 

1857 .S:^8,985.(65 S62.9fi0.682 860 800,141 

1858 2937,58.279 321 M4,421 282613150 

18.59 .. 3a5.S94,3S5 856 7S9,4h2 3:3,8,708,130 

18fiO 373 1S9;274 400,1 -'2,296 862,lfi2,.541 

1801 3.'^,711.S91 410 8.56 818 852 075.5:35 

1862 213,01:9.519 229,038,975 2f5819.823 

18»i3 3 >4 092,877 850.032,125 2.52,187,587 

1864 320,-.92,171 840,6!:5,580 328,514,539 



9 



THE GRAIIV jIlRABE. 

The Gram Trad? oi Chicago still contiuiies 
to he one cf the leaping features of the 
Commerce of the Noi-thwest. In thecol- 
nms which follow will be found tables show- 
ing the receipts and shipments of Flour and 
all kinds of Grain during the year 1864, with 
comparative statistics. By reference to these 
it will be found that the recL'ipts of Flour and 
Grain are equal to 45.0 5S ^41 bushels, 
against 56,079j903 bushels received in 18G3. 
This falling oft in the receipts of ten millions 
of bushels is due solely to the failure of the 
Corn crop of 1863, which reduced the supply 
from 25,459,508 bushels in 1863, to 13,623,087 
during 1864. The receipts of Wheat show a 
slight increase on those of lastyear, and the; e 
has been a very remarkable increase in the 
supply of Oats. 

This exhibit of Agricultural enterprise on, 
the part of the Norlhwcsi, which has sent to 
the armies in the field more soldiers than any 
other section of the country, is truly wonder- 
ful ; but it is only another illustiation of the 
immense resoxuces of the country. Notwith- 
standing the drain which has been made on 
us for men and means, agriculttu-al pursuits 
have i been pushed forward with re- 
doubled energy and vigor, and now a much 
greater breadth of land is under cultivation, 
in the fourth year of the war, than was before 
known in the history of the country. 



Years. VThe.'n. 



1851. 
iai2 

1S5I 
IS55 

18 fi, 



Total Imports and Exports of Flour 
and Grain. 

The following tables show the receipts and 
shipments of Flour and Grain in Chicago du- 
ring the past four years : 

TOTAI, BECEIPTS OF FLOUE AND GEAIH FOR FOTJK 



J 863. 

11,180,314 

^5,459.303 

9.139,5.'5 

869,760 

1,098,346 



1864 
11,357,106 

13,623,037 

13.653,941 

909,11') 

740,446 



YEABS. 

1861 1862. 

Wheat, bn.... 17 ,539,9(9 1.3,728 11 <> 

forn, i>u...... 26,543,233 29,449,328 

OatB, t)U 1.8-3,258 4,138,7:2 

Eye, bu 479,flC5 1,038,825 

Barley, bu.... 417,129 872,053 

Total.... 46,862,534 49,227,044 48,708,483 40,243,786 
AddFlourinto 
Wlieat 7,230,865 8,331,953 7,371,420 5,708,955 

Total.... 54,093,219 57,558,999 56,079,933 45,952,741 
The following table shows the shipments 
of Flour and Grain for four years past from 
this city : 

TOTAL SHIPKKNTS OF FLOtTR AITD GEAIX FROM Cm:- 
CAGO FOR FOrR YEAf.S. 

1861. 1802. 1863. 1864. 

15,788,385 13,808,898 9,341,881 10,545.389 

~ ^ 29,452,61(1 24.444,147 12,557,923 

3,112,306 7,514,994 14,58-,697 

S71,79ii 835,13:^ 793,703 

58/,lfl5 668.735 262,145 



Wheat, bu 

Corn, bu 24,186;S82 

Oats, bu , l,655.c84 

Bye bu 422,492 

Barley, bu.... )85,i93 



Total.... 42,237,936 47,777,805 4,864,890 38,747,850 
Addflrur into 
Wheat 7,125,445 8,699,245 7,683,455 5,707,4.30 



Total. ...49,363,381 56,177,110 50,548,345 44,.=il5,239 

The following table shows the shipments 
of all kinds of Grain from Chicago for the 
past twenty-seven years : 

(REDUCED TO WHEAT) A^^:> 
FOR TWENTT-SEVEN TJtAF.S. 

Oats, Rye, Brl'y, Total. 



SHIPMENTS OF 


FLOrR 


GRAIN, FBOM CHlCAeO 


Years. Wheat, 


Corn, 


bu. 


bu. 


J838. 78 




1839. 3,678 




1840. 10,00,0 


.... 


5841. 40.000 


• ... 


1842. 586,907 


.... 


18-13. 088.907 


«... 


1844. 923.494 




184.^. 1,024.620 


.... 


Vm. 1,399,619 




J847. 2.1.36.994 


67.135 


1848. 2,286.000 


566,400 


1849. 2,192.809 


614,M8 


1850. 1.3S7.989 


262,013 



bu. bu. 



bu. 



88,892 
63.230 
26.849 
186.034 



81,453 
22,872 



bu 

7S 

8.678 

19,000 

40.000 

586.907 

688,907 

923,491 

1.024.6;0 

1,599,619 

2,2-lS,201 

3,001,740 

2,769,111 

1.830.938 



■99,330 
94 1,470 
1,180,9 8 
2 744 Sfi I 
7.U0,270 
9,4 9,363 
1857. 10.7f^3,292 
1^.58. 111.909.2 !•■! 
18311, 10,''5:^,: .39 
lifn. l'i,034.o;9 
ISfi' 22.913 8i'0 
1863. 2 .91^2,7^5 
1S«3. 17 925,836 
1864. 16 312,819 



Corn. Oals. 
3,221,317 603.R-37 

2,737,011 2,nnn,3i7 

2.-t>0.233 1 7J8.4'i3 

6.837 890 3, 89 9.S7 

7,.347,678 1,888,533 

il.''.'9(58 ],>' 4,347 

6 H 1,615 3'B,'i7f 

7,49,;,3i2 l.J9e,l3I 

'i,?J7.().54 1. '74.177 

13,743.172 l.fo9,i:H 

24,lfc6.S82 .',(<35,i81 

2:i,4.".2,6!0 3,11^.666 

24,444.il7 7,374 994 

12,5,l,7,V25 14,5^8,697 



Rye. 

19.997 
27 0:8 
■ 2' .275 
148,4^1 
92,03? 
19 031 
17.993 

l'>7,00:) 

478.162 
15K,6}2 
422,-192 
87_.796 
835.133 
793,703 



Barl'y 

17;8t5 
S?,]f.2 
41,1-3 
20,132 
590 

7,569 
131,449 

2: m 
1^5,293 
5'- 2.1 93 
668.735 
262,145 



Total. 

4.616.291 

5 373.141 

6,4r>.!81 

12 9.32,3 

1'. 633.700 

21,5^3,221 

18,('s2.678 

29.n3'5,166 

6.75!,795 

3I,2.-.6,r>97 

49.3!K,381 

.30.477110 

■■0,548 345 

44,515,289 



FLOUR. 



The receipts of Flour during the year 1864 
amount to 1,141,791 barrels, ngainst 1,474.284 
received in 1863, showing a decrease of 332,- 
493 barrels — a deiiciency "of abmit 22 per cnt. 
There are two reasons tor this ; first, the low 
stage of water durine the summer months, 
compelling the mills to stop runnitg ; and, 
secondly, the great fluctuations in the Wheat 
market. The millers found out that it would 
not pay to manufacture Flour in the face of so 
many fluctuations, and many of the mills 
were shu' up in consequence. 

There has been an equal falling off in the 
shipments. This is owing to the decreased 
foreign demand and the cutting off the Cana- 
da trade. Heretofitre in years past, a large 
business was done with the Canadas, princi- 
pally in the way of the lower grades, for con- 
sumption among the lumbermen, but the de- 
preciated state of the currency, and the great 
fluctuations in the Gold market, compelled 
the Canadians to look at home for their sup- 
plies. One fact worthy of notice is the in- 
creasing amount of St. Louis and Southern 
Illinois Flour (manufactured trom White 
Wheat) which is now sold here. Formerly 
St. Louis and "Egvpl" shippi^d its Flour to 
New York by way of Cincinnati, but now 
large quantities of it are daily sold on 'Change 
here, tor the Eastern markets. The New 
England trade stiil maintains its own with us. 

The following table shows the receipts of 
Flour in this market for thirteen yeais : 

RECEIPTS OF FLOUR FOR TQIETElSN TEAT.9. 

BrlP. 

18.32 .33,337 

1853 48,247 

1844 ..158,575 

1833 250,602 

1856 £24,921 

1857 303.934 

185S 524,945 



Brls. 

1859 742.012 

I860,.,,....,,, 700,006 

1881 1,446,1.57 

1862 . 1,663,391 

1S03 _ l,474,-:!84 

1864 1,141,791 



The following table shows the shipments of 
Flour for twenty-one years : 

SHIPJIENTS OF FLOUR FOE TWBNTT-ONB TEARS. 



Brls. 

1S44 6,320 3855.. 

1S45 1.3,752 18.5r;.. 

1846 2S'045 1857.. 

1847 ,, 22,5.38 1S58.. 

1S48 45,200 1859.. 

1819 51,309 1880.. 

)8.50 100,871 1861.. 

1851 72.4lfi 1862.. 

1832 61,100 1883.. 

ia53 74,190 1864.. 

1854 103,627 



Brls. 

163,419 

216.389 

23fi,648 

436,281 

696,960 

713,339 

415,805 

,739 '49 

.536,691 

,153,486 



Flonrlng in Clilcago. 



In addition to the large quantity of Flour 
received in this city, there is a large amount 
manulactured here, which is not shown in the 
tables elsewhere published. There are nine 
milling establishments in this city, where are 
annu lily made some 350,000 barrels of Flour, 
consuming: some 1,250,000 bushels of wheat. 
The manufacture is mostly confined to red 
winter and choice spring extras, all of which 
hold a high repute in this as well as Eastern 
cities. The old Chicaso Mills, on South 
Water street, long in the occupancy of Gage 



kUt^t 



10 



& Heartt, were sold early last spring to Mr. 
Shufeldt, -who transformed them into a large 
reetiryinu: establishment. 

The follo'sving table shows the mannfactnre 
of Flour, and by whom made, during the 
years 1864 and 18'o3: 

ILiHUFACTUBEOF FLOTTBEf CTflCAGO FOR THE TEAE3 
186i AlTD lb63. 

Mills. 1S6S. 186«. 

B.AdKmv&Co 40,000 4«,258 

Chicaso Mills l'?,300 

J.D. Cole.Jr 21.015 2C,2C0 

Empiri-Mils 14.000 8,0i'0 

South Branch 1U113 21,000 

Lr.b^ Street Mil. 8 .., 23,C00 2i,600 

Micl.ign .Mills "4,911! 25,000 

Orieniaf Mills 40,000 5 '.OOO 

St^ite Mills , 25,000 40,000 

City Mills 20,000 

Marple's Mills . IS,' 00 

Total , 23i;,i61 255,058 

The following table shows the amount of 
Flour, made in this city, duiing the past 
five years : 

JIAN TJFACTUKB OF FIAJXTK IN CHICAGO FOE FIVE TEAKS. 

1SC4 2^5,058 

188S 233,261 

1S62 ..26(',9S0 

18()1... , 201.852 

18S0 23;.V.C0 



her, when the inspection rules were changed, 
and the new grade of No. 1 sold for $1.68 1-2. 

Under the present system of inspection, it 
is an impossibility for anything to be done in 
the way of '"doctoring," and. as a conse- 
quence, the " s'jalpers," like Othello, find 
their " occupation gone " 

The following table shows the receipts and 
shipments of wheat m Chicago for a series of 
years : 

BECELPT8 OF WHEAT FOK IHIKTEEN' TEAKS. 



BUf 

1852 9ST,19C 

l,i;87.4C5 
3,' 38,055 
7,535,0117 
1856 8.767 760 



1833. 
l-<54. 
1855. 



1857. 
1858. 



.10,.'i'14,761 
. 9,76!,c35 



Bus. 

lFo9 8,181,7J6 

1860 14.508,427 

1861 17,r.89.'J09 

1S62 13,978,116 

1SC3 li,180,;544 

18C4 11,257,156 



SHIPME^'TS OF WHEAT FOR TWENTT-ONE TEAES. 



Meal. 

In addition to the above a large quantit y of 
Mtal has been manufactured in the city — 
there being a number of small mills devoted 
exclusively to its manufacture. We give ihe 
foUov.ing statement of the amount made as 
far as c luld be collated : 

O.N. Br.onara tens 6,000 

E. K. Hubrard , ■ 2,500 

B. Adxirs & Co.... SCO 

N. E. Mi s 2,10 

Clinton Street Mill..,. . 1,5C0 

Pacific (iust started) : 200 

Empire 4(10 

LaUe Street MiUs 1,K0 

Tlu-ee others estimated 4,000 

Total 18,200 

In addition to the above, Messrs. Recard & 
Brierieir, Empire Mills, hav° manufiactured 
4,000 brls Eye Flour during the year. 



WHEAT. 



The receipts of Wheat during the year 1864 
foot up 11,2.57.196 bushels, against 11 180,344 
bushels reci-ived in 1863. This shows an in- 
crease of 76,853 bushels in favor of the year 
1864. The crop of 1864 was excellent in qual- 
ity — both winter and spring— with about an 
aveiage yield. White Winter Wheat was in 
light recidpt, but the supply or' Red Winter 
was good both in extent and quality. White 
Winter Wheat is principally confined to 
Egypt, and is either marketed in St. Louis, or 
man-.ilactured in the immediate neighborhood 
of its growth. 

As will be se^n from the above table, the 
Whf-at market has undergone great fluctua- 
tions, being entirely governed by the erratic 
course of 6old. In the beginning of January 
the market opened at §1.17 1-2'@1.18 1-2 for 
No. 1 Spring, declined to §1.13 1-2@1.15 m 
February, advanced to $1.30@1.31 lowaids 
the end" of April, dropped to $1.19@1.20m 
the first week in May, and on the 18th June 
jumped to $1.50@1.5'i. A weeV later notici-d 
an ad\ aTice of 26c ; still another we^-k, an- 
other 20c and duiing the nest week, siil 
another jump of'20i'was effected — the market 
touching $2.16@2.18. Here it d'd not long 
remain; Gold commenced to '"backwater," 
and wh.at fol'owed suit, making it " the 
winter of our discontent" for some. About 
the end of August prices commenced to low- 
er, gradually, indeed, until the 1st of Decem- 



1844.. 

1845 

1840.. 

1847.. 

1848. 

1S49. 



891.894 

9i6,&t)0 

^450,594 

1.974,304 

2,103,800 

i.n.;o,03! 



850 1,883.6 4 

1S51 4.37,1)30 

185! 636,003 1 

1853 1,31 ,048 1 

1864 2,100,7251 



1855 C,29\455 

1&5<! 8,337,4;0 

1857 9.J85,052 

1S5S 8,727,838 

1859 7,207,553 

>86' 12,487,684 

1861 .5,7SS,-;85 

1862 I5,S;-8,898 

18G3 9.311,881 

18C4 11,545,389 



CORN. 

The receipts of Corn during the year 1864, 
amount to 13,623,087 bushels, showing as com- 
pared with the receipts of 1863—25.4.59,508 
bushels, a decrease of 11,836,421 bushels, or 
about forty per cent. This may be attiibuted 
entirely to the destruction of the crop of 1863 
by the memorable frosts in the latter part o 
August and begining of September of that 
year. This frost was not confined to any one 
section of the West, but prevailed through 
out the entire corn producing States in the 
Mississippi Valk-y. This year however, the 
crop is excellent both in quality and yield, 
and from alt we can learn, the receipts here 
will be larger next, year than ever beibre. The 
damage iniiicted on last year's crop and the 
conseciuently high prices, induced the farmers 
to sow a greater breadth than usual. This 
together with the good yield and excellent 
quality will give us next year much larger re- 
ceipt s. 

market ruled comparatively steady from the 
opening: of the year, until the opening ot nav- 
igation, when prices began to advance, slowly 
at first, but more rapidly afterwards until 
the 9th of July, when they touched 137@138c. 
The market did not Umg remain at this figure. 
Gold commenced t o fall back, and corn ae 
well as other articles, accompanied it, but 
only in a measure. The deliveries here be- 
gan to gradually diminish, and under the in- 
fluence of a good demand j^rices held their 
own pretty v.'ell, the lowest figure aliowable 
being 120c. On the 19th of November the 
market touched 140c, the h:ghest prices prob- 
ably ever realized in the west. Since the 
close of navigation the receipts have greatly 
decreased the speculative demand fell off, and 
the market relapsed into a stale of '" chronic 
indisposition" from which it has hot yet re- 
covered. Duiing the past five or six weeks 
the demand has been confined almost entirely 
to "New Coin," this year's crop, wdich is 
graded rejected, and the inquiry for old com 
has been restricted to small parcels for grind- 
ing. 

The following table shows the receipts and 
shipments of Corn in this city for a series of 
years : i 



11 



EBOEIPTS OF COKN FOB THIRTEEN TEAES. 



•sea 

1853 
1854 
1855 
1856 
1S57 
1858 



1818 
18Jy 
1S50 
1851 
r-52 
1853 
1854 
1855 
1856 



Bushels. 

1859 5,4i0,003 

1880 iri48r,<)(]6 

1861 26,548.283 

1862 29 44f),3 8 

1863 2fi,J,50,5nS 

1864 13,623,037 



Bushels. 

... 2,091,011 

2,8(19,3^9 

7,1911,7,53 

8532,217 

11,8S3,S98 

7,409,300 
8,380,033 

SHTPilENTS OF COEN FOR SEVESTTEEK TEABS. 

Bushels. I Bushels. 

560,460 1857 0^11,015 

6l4,848ilS5S 7,093,312 

263,01311859 , 4,217,654 

8,231,317 I 1860 13,743,172 

2,7.57,011 I 1861 21, 86,382 

2,780,253 I 1862 29 452,'ilO 

.... . ... ...,6,837 899 I 18P3 24,444,147 

7,5-7,678 11864 12,557,925 

11, 29,058 1 



The receipts of Rye during the. year 1864, 
foot up 969,116 busTiels, against 869,760 bush 
els for the year 1863, showing an increase o 
99,356 bushels As compared with the year 

1862. we not e a falling off of 69.709 bushels 
This decieaee is owing to theflict that during 
ihe first half of the year, the receipts were 
greatly euiiailed, inconsequence of the great- 
ly increased demand by country distillers, en 
account of the failure of the corn crop of 

1863. After the distilledes had ceased run 
nmg in the month of August, the receipts 
greatly increased. Had the receipts during 
the first eight months of the year, been com- 
mensurate with those of ihe last four, we 
should have received nearly as much more, as 
we now clironicle. Within the past two or 
three weeks, a better local demand has sprung 
ap ; during the season of navigation the in- 
quiry has been moderate. 

Tiie following talDle shows the price of Rye 
in Chicago on the 1st day of each month for 
four years : 



and Southwest, mostly by rail, while larger 
quantities, after being transported by water 
to New York, weie purchased there by Gov- 
cnment agents and shipped to the armies in 
Virginia aud along the Atlantic coast. Large 
quantities were shipped to New Orleans both 
on Government and private account, wa the 
Illinois Canal and the Mississippi River, 
be seen that the prices of Oats dating the 
year 1864 are nearly 50 per cent in advance of 
the year 1863, and from two to (our times 
those of 1852. This is not so much owing to 
the advance in gold as to the enormous de- 
mands for the use of the armies in the field. 
The lowest point reached during the year 
was 57@57Kc, on the 8lh October, and the 
highest 79@81c, on the 9th July. The mar- 
ket has fluctuated almost daily during the 
year — keeping p.ice in a mi asui-e with the 
gold quotations. 

The following table shows the receipts and 
shipments of Oats in this city for a series of 
years : 

BECEIPTS op OATI FOB TWELVE lEAES. 

1853 1,875,770,1^59 3,813,013 

1854 4,i04,.S85ll860.,.., 1629.906 

1855 2,9.7,188 11861 1,883,253 



1S56 2.219, 87 

1837 1 ,707,'}45 

1858 1,29,5,332 



1863 4,138,722 

1S6! 9, 1:19,520 

1804 113,653,941 



SHIPMEKTS OP OATS FOS EIGHTEEN TEABS. 



PUICE OP EYE FOE FOUE TEAF.9. 



1861. 

Jan 47rs;48 

Feb 43 

Mar 4.'j 

A pril 40 

Muy 43® 44 



.Tune . . 
.luly... 
Aug... 
Sept... 
Oct ... 
Nov . . . 
Dec... 



38 
30 
30 
25 
80 
SI 
34 



1803. 

33 

SiU 
42@42i^ 

38 

45 
39'240 
410413^ 

50 

44 

42 

48 



80 ® 



73 @ 
60%® 
56 ® 
91 ® 



1803. 
59 



86 

80 

75" 

73^^ 

(3 

67 

61 

56K 

83 

92 



18G4. 
$1.62>^ 
1.04 



1.00 
102 
1.23 
1.37 
1.40 
1.28 
1.S5 
95 
1.16 



®1.03K 
©1.24 
©1.38 
(iil.45 

@1.S6 

isl.OO 
@1.1S 
1.18 



49}<S1.03 @1.03K 
The foUowina: table shows the receipts and 
shipmenis of Rye in this city during a series 
of years : — 

KBOEIPTS OF r.TE POK SEVEN TEAES. 

ia58 70,031 I 1859 23^,175 

1=60 925,436 I 1861 475,r05 



1862 1038 8'S5] 

1804 909,116 1 



1S63 839,76U 



SHIPMENTS OP RTE FOR SEVEN TEAKS. 

1853 127,008 I 1802 871,790 



1R59 478,102 i 

ISOf 1291.56 

ISGl 42i.492 



1863 8'5,133 

1S64.... 793,703 



OATS. 

The re^eip^s of Oats dining the year just 
closing, amount to 13,653,941 bushels. As 
compared with the receipts during the year 
1863—9,139,525 bu— we note an increase of 
4,514,416 bu — nearly an increase of 50 percent. 
Owing to the relatively high prices of Oats 
compared wiih other grains, caused by the 
enormous demands by Government, the far- 
mers throughout the West sowed a much 
larger area this spring than in former years. 
The crop turned out excellent in quality, and 
unsurpassed m yield. Immense quantities of 
Oats were shipped to the armies in the South 



1847 38,892 

1848 65,280 

1S49 26,819 

1S50 15S,0-'4 

1851 605,827 

18 2 2,030,3 7 

18,53 ".6 8,842 

1854 3.229.9S7 

1S55 l,8c9,5S8 



l'^56 1,014,547 

1S57 J16,788 

1S58 1,498,134 

1859 1, 7<,771 

1860 , . 1,039,779 

1861 l.i65,8S4 

1803 3.112,366 

1^63 7.574,994 

1864 14,588,6y7 



The receipts of Barley during the year just 
closing, amount to 760,446 bushels, asainst 
1,098 346 bushels in 1863, showing a decrease 
of 357,900 bushels, or nearly 33 per cent. We 
know of no other reason f -r this great falling 
off, than the probable one rnat a less breadth 
was sown this year than last, the farmer s pre- 
ferring to sow oats instead. Barley is a very 
tender cereal, and after being harvested re- 
quires a great deal of attention. It is abso- 
lutely necessary to preserve it fom rain and 
dew, to prevent its being stained, which de- 
preciates its value. For this reason, the (arm- 
ing community, especially in newly settled 
sections, where it is customary to stackgrain, 
prefer sowing other grains which will lealizs 
as much, or nearly as much as Bai ley, at less 
trouble. 

The crop this year, though small was good, 
much better than usual, and the demand was 
fairly active. 

the following tables show the receipts and 
shipmen's of Barley in this city for a series 
of years : — 

EKOEIPTB OF BAT?L*T FOR EIGHT TEAKS. 

1857 127,089 I lt61 417,129 

1858 411,421 11862 873,053 

1859 662.187 I 1863 1,' 98.346 

1800 6i>3,005l 864 740,446 

BHIPVIEJiTS CP EAVLET JOE SEVEjH YB».rS. 

1858 75.069 1863 .532,195 

1859 131,449 1863 668,735 

1860 290,211 ,1864 262,145 

1861 185,293 1 

THE PE ©VISION TKARE. 

It is only a very few years since the provi- 
sion trade of Chicago was considered of but 
Utile importance. Cincinnati, Louisville, St. 
Louis, and other Western cities were the chie 
packing points, aud the business done at 
Chicago was then of but secondary im;^ 
tanee. The same causes, however, wl 

UNIVERSITY OF 



nnor 
vhUBRARY 



AT URBANA-CHAMPAIG 



12 



made Chicago the grrealost interior {rrain I 
mart in the world, have made it iLe ereuti st 
beef and pork market. The rapid divelop- 
ment of the creat Northwest, and the con- 
struction of an almost perfect net-work of 
railroads, centeriup: In this city, have con- | 
tributed to this result ; and now the trade is ! 
only kept within its present limits by the in- | 
suflieiency of the means of transportati'-n. j 
The increase in population and wealth in the 
States of Illinois. Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, 
Wisconsin, Kansas and Nebraska— and the 
extraordinary development of the resources 
of these States and territories, even in the 
midst of the greatest civil war tlie world has 
ever seen, have reudt-red Chicasro Ihe most ! 
important central market on the coutinent. 
It is the chief collecting-point fur the im- 
mense herds of beeves, which annually graze 
on the great prairies of the West, and lor the 
enormous crop df hogs which is annually 
raised by the farmers and stock-breeders. By 
reference to tables given elsewhere, it will be 
seen that in 1855, there were received in Chi- 
cago only 10,715 beeves, while in 18f)4;, the 
enormus quantity of 336,627 beeves were 
brought here by railroad alone. In 1855, the 
receipts of hogs amounted to only 302,008, 
which in 1803 grew 1o 1,900,519, and in 1804, 
notwithstanding the failure oi last year's com 
crop, the receipts amount to 1,582,047. Such 
an extraord'mary development of resources, 
and such an increase in tiade and commerce 
are without parallels in history, ancient or 
modern. To any one not acquainted with 
the rise and progress of the West such an in- 
crease is scarcely conceivable, and even to 
our own citizens who have marked the statis- 
tics annually, it is tiuly marvellous. 

But when we consider that but a small frac- 
tion of the territory of which Chicago is the 
natural outlet has yet been populated and 
developed, and that the immense lines of rail- 
roads which branch out from our city are 
even now severely taxed to carry the pro- 
ducts to market, the future of the Provision 
trade can hardly be csiimated. When every 
county from Lake Michigan to the Missouri 
Kiver, and from the Ohio to the Red River of 
the North, is jjopuTated as are the cnunttes of 
the Eastein States, what a magnitude will 
this trade have assumed! Ten years ago the 
man who would have dared to predict that 
Chicago would before 1864 pack more Hogs 
than Cincinnati, would have been pronounced 
a lunatic ; and it would be equally hazardous 
to predict Ite position which this trade will 
have assumed ten years hence. 



BEE\ES FAOEES IN CHtOAGO FOB F0T;B''EK1J TBARS. 

Season. Ko. Packed. 

1851-.52 21.S66 

832-53 24,663 

l$53-54 ■i^..\M 

1854-55 i-i.im 

18,555fi 2S,&7.> 

18.56:7 14,!8T 

1&57-58 ai(i75 

185^59 45:505 

185'J-«0 51.809 

1S60-G1 25,2k9 

1S61-62 5S,212 

lsfi2 63 4.',163 

1S»')3 64 70,('86 

18(54-'J5, up lo Dec. 27, 1804 05,000 

As we have three months yet before the 
packing season is over, it is probable that 
there will be a greater number of Beeves 
packed this season than during any former 
year in the history of the trade. 

The foUowng is a list of the Beef-Packing 
Houses in operati-n this season : 

BEEF-rACKIKO DOUSES. 

Cragir. & Co. Culbertson. Blair & Co. 

Wooster, Houirh & Co. Favorite & Son. 

G. S. Hnhbard'cfc Co. Laland & Mixer. 

D. Kreigh & Co. Turner & iNicolcs. 

A. E. Kent & Co. John Ilaywarr). 

Stewart, Sanger & Hoi- Griffen Bros. 

ilian. Jones, Giflord & Co. 
J. E. Norwood. 



Tlie Beef Fackine. 

For many yeais Chicago has stood pre- 
eminent lor her Beef packing; and although 
this business has increased in other points 
throughout the West, packing outside of Chi- 
cago is comparatively a small affair. It is 
proper also to note that, situated as Ave are 
in the largest Cattle market in the United 
States, our packers have the pick of the 
Beeves otfered for sale, which opportunity 
they improve, as the quality of Chicago Beef 
has always taken the lead in the markets of 
the world. 

As we are now in the midst of the packing 
season, we cannot give the full statistics lor 
the season, but up to date there have been 
packed at the Beef houses in the city about 
415,000 head. The following table shows 
the Beef packing for a series of years : 



Tlie Porlt Packing. 

The progress of the Pork Packing in Chica- 
go is one of the best Dlustrations which can 
be given to show the rapid development of 
the Northwest. In the season of 1852 53. 
there were packed in this city only 48,156 
Hogs. In 1857-58, it had increased to 99,202 ; 
in 1861-62 to 514,118 ; and in 1862-03 the pack 
ing reached the enormous number of 970,264. 
Last season the number packed was only 
904,658, which showed a slight falling off from 
the packing of the previous season, but the 
decrease was light as compared with Cincin- 
nati, which showed a falling off of upwards 
of 250,000 during the same season. 

As we are now only in the middle of the 
season of 1864-65, we cannot present our 
readers with accurate figures of the packing ; 
but deducting the shipments of Hogs from 
the receipts, a fair estimate can be arrived at , 
according to which process of calculation, it 
would appear that up to date we have packed 
about 638,000 Hogs. At present, owing to a 
diversity of opinions with regard to the hog 
crop, it is difficult to estimate the season's 
packing at this point ; but it is fair to pre- 
sume that we will come nearly if not quite 
up to the business of last season, and many 
good judges predict that it will even exceed 
the packing of the great season of 1862-63. 

Below will be found a comparative state- 
ment of the pork-packing in Chicago and 
Cincinnati for thirteen seasons: 

HOGS PACKED IN CHICAGO A5D CINCtyjfATI FOB 
THIBTB«N SEASONS. 

Season. Cliu-aao. Cincinnati. 

lS.52-.53 43.156 861.100 

1853-.54 52,M9 421,000 

1S54 55 73,(584 855,786 

18.55-50 80,8^0 405,396 

185'-57 74.1)00 844,512 

l-i37-58 99,202 446,677 

1858-59 185.000 8S2,f^26 

ia9-C0 Ih7,91« 431.499 

18«0 61 231,335 4S3,ra 

1861-62 511.118 474.16 

1862-68 970.261 608,457 

1863 64 904,653 837,640 



■aaf*— -=il 



I 



13 



PORK-PACKING OF 1864-65. 

As -we are now in the middle of the Pork- 
packing season, we cannot give accurate re- 
turns of the number packed up to date ; but 

Deducting the shipments from the receipts 
the result obtained would give an approxi- 
mate idea of the packing up to date : 

1S64. 1863. 

Total receipts 89S,.)02 983,263 

Total i-bipments -'o'J.raS 259,872 

Left f.-r Packers 638,8&J 723,391 

It is thought that the deliveries from farm- 
ers in the immediate vicinity will equal the 
number used in city consumption, and by 
familifS for their own caring. 

As a proof that tlie above estimate of tht 
packing for ihc season is probably near the 
mark, we would state that Mr. Henry Mil- 
ward, Provision Broker, ypsterdaj' made up 
a rough statement, consisting of actual re- 
turns for the most part, and partly from esti- 
mates, by which the packing up to date was 
placed at. about 670,000. Probably the num- 
ber of Hogs received by trains will make up 
the diiference between our figures and Mr. 
Milward's. 

LIST OF PORK PACKEE3 IN CHICAGO. 

The foUowinc is a list of the Beef and Pork 
Packers doing business in this city during the 
present season : 

Cragin & Co. Shaw & Moody. 

Wooster, Hou?h & Co. Culbertsou, Blair & Co. 

G. S. Hubbard & Co. Favorite & Son. 

Kreiith & Co. Leland & Mixer. 

A. E. Kent & Co. Tumer & Iv'icolea. 
Stewart, Sanger & Holi- John Hayward. 

hau. Tliome & Co. 

Bowers & Co. V. A. Turpin & Co. 

Reid & Sherwin. Tobey & Booth. 

Griffin Brothers. Pulsifer & Co. 

R. McCabe & Co. Flmt & Thompson. 

Sinirer & Co. Gardner <fc Co. 

Murphy & Co. Jones, Gilford & Co. 

G. W. HigKins & Co. Thomas Nash. 

J. E. Norwood. C. L. Palmer. 

J. M. Spa.%rd & Co. Mcliichan, Quirk & Co. 

Freeman, Burt & Co. Rhodes & Whyte. 

Charles Cleaver. Gregston & Co. 

McConkey & Hall. Keyt, Blackmore & Co. 

Taylor, Barron & Co. G. A. Rliodes, Jr. & Co. 

Daegeit & Whiteside. O. Lippincott. 

Ricker & Co. Davis, Pope & Co. 

Bell & Deverill. T. D. Booth & Co. 

Louis Richberg. Joseph Nash 

JohnA'ash. G. W. Reynolds & Co. 

R. & W. H. Smith. W. Coker & Co. 

P. Curtis, Coffin & Perkins 

The above list of packers are substantialiy 
about the same number as were in operation 
last season. There are some new houses built 
and several changes and improvements made 
in old houses, which we note below : 

Mt-ssrs. Leland & Mixee, who occupied 
the old " Brown" Pork and Beef House last 
season, have built a new packing house, on 
the cornei of Seventeenth and Grove streets. 
The main building is 100 by 112 feet, with a 
wing for tanks, kettles, boilers, etc., 30 by 55 
feet. It is two stories high*, with a light and 
airy basement, which is eight feet clear, and 
well adapted lor bulking meats. The hang- 
ing room has accommodations for 2S0 cattle 
and 2,.5O0 hogs. The capacity of this house 
may be greatly increased, but they are capa- 
ble this season of slaughtering and packing 
1,000 hogs or 200 head of beef cattle daily, ft 
is the design next season to increase the 
tanks and kettles so as to run the house to its 
full capacity. The chief aim of the proprie- 
tors was to erect a convenient house in a con- 
venient locality, and this they have accom- 
plished, besides having introduced all the 
modern improvements. 



The land belonging to the house, extends 
to the Grove street railroad track, so that 
product cau be shipped on cars at the house 
lor all the roads. 

It is proper to state in this connection that 
Leland & Mixer have a high reputation as 
packers of both beef and pork. Theiif btands 
generally command the highestmarket prices 
both here and in New York. 

J. E. NoKwooD, who packed last season on 
the South branch of the river, has construct- 
ed a new and commodious house on the lake 
shore, south of Cottage Grove, which is well 
adapted for packing: both beef cattle and 
hogs. Mr. Norwood, for many years was a 
prominent packer on the Mississippi Kiver, 
and hi." brand has an excellent reijutation. 

Keyt, Blackmore & Co. have, during the 
present season, leased or purchased one of the 
packing-houses built by R. M'Cabe, Esq., on 
the South branch of the river, a few years 
since. It Is constructed of st'^ne, and is a 
large and commodious house. Messrs. Keyt, 
Blackmore &; Co. came here from Madison, 
Ind., where they have enjoyed an excellent 
reputation. Thus far their brand has been 
received favorably by our provisinn operators. 
They are practical packers, and thorough busi- 
ness men. 

Jones, Gifford & Co. are packinghcrethis 
season, for the first time, in the house former- 
ly occupied by J. E. Norwood, on the South 
branch of the river. They were formerly in 
the pork business in Iowa, and are first-rate 
packers. The house is la' ge and commodi- 
ous, and is fitted up for both beef and pork 
packing. 

Taylor, Barron & Co. have purchased 
the house formerly occupied by Alexander 
Bell, on the Archer Road, and are engaged in 
the packing of Hogs this season. The house 
has been to a great extent remodelled, and 
with a corps I'f excellent hands, under the 
superintendence of one of the best provision 
men in the West, they have already earned 
a high rexjutation as careful and reliable 
packers. 

CuLBEKTSON, Elair & Co. is the firm which 
has taken the place of Jones, Culbertson & 
Co. This packing house is one of the largest 
and most perfect in the United States, and 
during the past season, quite a number of 
improvements have been made in its interior 
arrangement, amonc which is the fitting it up 
for packing beef, which has been largely car- 
ried on in it during the present season. The 
leading partners, Messrs. Culbertson & Blair, 
are practical men, and every pound of pro- 
duct turned out by them has a high reputa- 
tion. 

Daggett & Whiteside have during the past 
summer erected a new packing house on Mil- 
waukee avenue, with a capacity to pack 400 
dressed hogs daily. They are practical men, 
and their brand has a first rate reputation. 
Their house is fitted up specially for the cut- 
meat trade. 

Shaw & Moodt have constructed a new 
house on the South Branch of the river during 
the past summer, and they are engaged in 
packing hogs this season. They have a capa- 
city to handle about 500 hogs per day, and 
come here with a good knowledge of the busi- 
ness in which they are engaged. 

Ricker & Co. are packing in the house 
formerly occupied by C. L. "Palmer, on the 
south branch of the river. This house, though 
small, is well fitted up, and the meats and 
pork turned out have a good character on the 
market. 



.•^..^jr* A .. 



14 



Davis, Pope & Co., well known as commis- 
Bion mi rchan's, are ))?ckinij dressed bogs tiiis 
season in a house on the north side oi' the 
river. Like everything else thi-se gentlemen 
do, the business is thc-roughly and well done, 
as the character of their product will attest. 

M'KicHAN, Quirk & Co. are packing this 
season in G' orge Steel & Co.'s house on West 
Randolph street,. Mr. Sulomon M'Kichan has 
the sole management of the house, and his 
long experience as a packer fin the lirra of 
Geo. Steal & Co.) is a sufticient gua-^antce ol 
the character ot the brand. The business 
parlueis ot the fiim, Dow, Quirk & Co., are 
long and favorably known os men of high in- 
tegrity and honoiable dealing. 

A. E. Kent & Co., during the present sea 
son, has fitted up in Ihtir Lirge and commo- 
dious house, a seiies of circular saws for cut- 
ting beef. The rnodus opct andi has been al- 
ready explained to our readeis and we need 
not here recapitulate, only to state that it is 
a complete success, not only as a labor saving 
impiovement, but also in the character of the 
work performed. The saws cut the beef much 
better th^n by hand and at the same time 
saves the labur of about twenty hands. 

Bell & Deverili, arc packing dressed 
Hogs on Lake street, in the store wbere A. 
E. Kent & Co., first commenced business as 
packeis. Mr. Bell is well and favorably 
known to the trade as an excellent packer. 

The following table shows the weekly 
prices of Mess Pork, Prime Mess Pork, Prime 
Lard, and Mess Beef during the year : 



In reviewing the 



WEEKLY PEICSS OF 



Jan. 



Feb. 



Mar. 



May 



2.. 

9. 

Iri. 

23. 

30. 
6 

13 

21 

27 
5. 

12 

19. 

26. 

April ■^. 

9. 

16. 

23. 

8i'. 
7. 

14. 

21. 

28. 
June 4. 

11. 

18. 

25. 

Juty 2. 

9. 

16. 

23. 

81. 
6 

13. 

20. 

27. 
Sept. 3. 

10. 

17. 

24. 
Oct. 1 . 



Aug. 



McsPTk. 

$1S.0C@18.23 
.ia.35@lS SO 
.10.5 @20-00 
.lS.0U(a>19 00 

19 00 
19.00 

.19.0l@20.00 
20.00 
2.) 00 

.20 00®2 1 25 

20 00 
20.00 
22 to 

.2I.50®->2 0' 
.23.iMl@2<.50 
.24 Ol @25 00 
.;iJ.OU@ail.OO 

.2tj00(cS;7.l'O 

.26 75@27.00 
27.IH 
27.00 

.28.50® 29.(10 
30 00 

,30.r,0@31.0t 

.35.00 

.37.C0@37.50 

.40.00 

.42 25@13.00 

.^2 00 

.38 0i'@40.00 

.37 00 .t'39.00 

.37.00w39.00 
40.10 
41.01. 
40.00 
42.00 
42 lO 

.42.50®42.75 
43.00 

.42.00@43.00 



PROVISION 


S DrEING 


186-1. 






Prime. 


P.M. Pork 


. Lard 


$14.25@14.75 


lli!i®12 


15 00 


12 


16 5n@17.C0 


12K®12M 


16.00 


UK 


1G.50 


nx 


16.50 


-l^@13 


1G.'.5@I7 00 


12 ®i2y 


17.62 


12Ji@iv'X 


17.50 


12J4 ^ 


18 00 


12 


18 50 


12 


19 00 


ll^i' 


20 00@-i0.5.! 


11?^® 12 


2100 


12 ®12?g 


2300 


12K(a!l3 


24.5i'®25.00 


18>^@13^ 


25 12i>'-J5.75 


13J4@13« 


26.50 


13>5Htl3Ti- 


26 0n®26.i;0 


13>6 


26.ii0(fli 


13 


26.00@26 50 


13 H 


27.00 


IS^iC 


30.00 


U 


30 00 


14K 


31.0t®32 00 


15;ti 


85.00 


16 @17 


3S.0i@39.00 


17>i 


40.00 


18K®l9 




18 


36.0' ®38.l.'0 


18 


S6.ii0@37 00 


18«®18>i 


3S.00®37.0O 


19><@20 


89.00 


29 


39.00®40.00 


22 





22K@23 


4100 


223^®23 


41.00 


23 




23K 



TEK YEAB 



Mess Beef. 
$ 10.00 

10 ro 
11.50@12 00 
11.5u@i .(0 
11- 0®12.00 
11 5.® 12.00 
ll.!")0@12.00 
11.50@12 Ou 
11 5')®12-00 
11.50® 12 00 

12.00 
12.50@13.0() 

14 00®14.50 

14.50 

15.00@15.50 

15.00 

15 5n@16.00 
15.50®16.00 
15.30® IG.lO 
15..j0@16.i0 
16.00® 17 00 
16.00® 11 .00 
I6,0f'@17 00 

16 0iJ®17 CO 



22 ®23 



Nov, 



Dec. 



15 .. 

2i.. 43,00 

20..36,00®37,00 

5. .38,00@39,00 
12. .3ti,0J®86,50 
19.. 36,50 

26. . 35 50 

3. . 34,00 

10.. 37,00 

17..38,0C@39,5C 
24.. 38,00 



83,o0®34,00 

as.oe 

33,00@34,00 
32,50@3f,50 
3%00 
31,^0 
34,50®S5,00 
37,00(s 37,50 
34,5C®35,50 



19K@20 
2CH 
22 
21X 
21 
20K 
22 
22 ©22 >4 
21M@23 



17.00®ls 00 
18.CO®19iiO 
18 ©19.00 
18.00® 9 00 
18 0'«'- 19.00 
18.00®19.00 
21 .00^22.00 
21.C0®22.00 



15.00 

15,50 

16,00 

16,0C 

16,00 

1600 

17,C0 

10,0r@16,50 

17,0C(<jI8,l 

17,0(:@18,00 

17,l,0®18,00 



liivE STOCK trade:. 

movements of our Live 
Stock trade for the year which has now closed, 
it is more than gratitying to us to note the 
firm and rapid progress we are making, as the 
recognized center for supplying the wants of 
the teeming and widely spread markets of 
this and the European continents. Whilst 
some of our older markets have began to 
show symptoms of decrepitude, and this too 
to a veiy marked dpg.ee under the de- 
ficiency of the supyly of the past year, this 
has steadily progressed, both in th'> number 
of our operators, and the araouin, o" capital 
invested in the trade. But l:irg< as our pres- 
ent trade is, when we reflect that it is only 
now in its infancy, the mind can scarcely pre- 



dict its future. 



BOgSr 



The receipts of Hogs, Live and Dressed, 
during the year 1864, amount to 1.582,047 
head, as will be seen from the annexed 
weekly table. As compared with la,st year, 
during which the supply was the largest ever 
known in this city, there is a decrease of 
378,472 head. That the deficiency should be 
so small is a matter for congratulation rather 
than oiheiwise, considedng the unprecedent- 
ed dilEculties which have combined to lessen 
the supply. Before the maturity of the corn 
crop of 1863, a very severe frost oci'urred, by 
whR-h the anticipated crop was veiy mate- 
rially lessened ; and a large portion so 
damagi'd as only to be lit for imme- 
diate u.se. This portion was at onceused, 
but with little real good, to feed "If the crop 
ofi" Hogs then in the country, so as to send 
them into the market duiingthe current year. 
The result of which was that a large number 
of Hogs intented for the market iu the early 
months of this year, were sent la during the 
months of October, November, and Decem- 
ber, 01 1863. In the mouths of January and 
February of this year the weather was for its 
severity without a parallel in this section of 
the countiy, and from the suddenness of its 
approach a very large number of Hogs in 
Iowa, Wisconsin, and Hlinois were destroyed; 
thus, not merely reducing ve»y maierially 
our i-esources for packing operations early in 
the season— but also cutting off a large por- 
tion ot young Hogs which otherwise would 
have gone to swell our receipts since October 
last,. The naiural result is that the present 
season opened four or five weeks later than 
during j): evious years, and although the corn 
crop has b en most abundant, and the weath- 
er all that could be desired for feeding stock, 
still the receipis were backward, and in point 
of numoers fall short of the supply for the 
corresponding months of last year, though in 
quality they have been very far superior, not 
only to those of 1863 but of any previous 
year in the annals of our trade. 
It would therefore but be anticipated, that 
the crop for this season will fall short of last 
year, and if it were to show a very la^-ge defi- 
ciency there would be no room for surprise, 
considering the seiious drawbacks which have 
had to be encountered. On this point infor- 
mation is very freely brought in from all 
parts of our Hog growing districts, but as 
the statements made are of a conflicting char- 
acter, they certainly cannot be regarded as 
sufficiently conclusive to base any approxi- 
mating idea of the actual deficiency which 
will ultimately be shown. This is clear that 
every effort is being used by stock growers to 
increase the supply ; and that so far they have 



15 



been aided in a very marked manner, both by 
the abundant supply ol' food, and by a most 
propiti.jus season lor the matuimg of tlieir 
stock. 

In common ■with the general advance in the 
cost of all descripiions of produce the prices 
ot Hogs bave been throughout the year not 
only unpreced-'nipdly hi^h, but have been 
marked by extreme lirmncse. Whilst this has 
been veiy satisfactory to theprcdueeis, it has 
necessitated the employment of a very much 
larger capital than formerly could have been 
used, as a lair estimate, three times the 
amount of m>ney is now required to purchase 
the same number of Hogs as last yjar. 

Beef Cattle. 

The trade for Beef Cattle during the year 
has been unusually active and prosperous. 
The receipts for the year 1864 amount to 336,- 
627 head, and show an increase on the re- 
ceipts of the year 1863 of 43,246 head. Whilst 
the receipts show a fair increase, the ship- 
ments have fallen shoit of those of the year 
1863 by 23.697 head,thus very clearly indicat- 
ing an increase in our home consumption cor- 
responding with the extraordinary growth of 
our population. 

Our sinpping demand instead of as former- 
ly, being almost exclusively confined to the 
Eastern marl<ets, has been very ma' erially di- 
verted by the demand for our Eastern and 
Western :irmies. During the spring and sum- 
mer months most of the army contracts were 
filled in this market ; thus creating and sus- 
taining a degree of activity in our stockyards, 
together with extreme firmness in prices, 
which have not durmg any previous year been 
attamed. 

Although the supply, in point of numbers, 
has been satisfactory, the sencal quality of 
the stock has not been equal to that of the 
year 1863. This, however, is readily account- 
ed for by the deficiency of the corn crop, and 
the feverish anxiety which has existed on the 
part of farmers to satisfy the urgent army de- 
mand for mcdmm grades of stock. The legit- 
imate and inevitable consequences of this are 
very apparent in the almost entire absence of 
well fed Cattle in the receipts of the past two 
or three months. There has never been a 
more eager desire on the pait of the Eastern 
operators than is now manifested to purchase 
for spring delivery prime to extra qualities of 
Beef Cattle, price being quite a secondary 
consideration.. 

Of distillery fed stock, the market during 
last spring was wdl supplied, and unprece- 
dentedly high prices were obtained ; but ow- 
ing to the action of Congress in reference to 
Highwines, distillers have been idle ; thus ef- 
ectually cutting olf the ordinary supply for 
the ensuing season. 

_ The fact has never been so apparent as du- 
ring the year now closed, that this is rapidly 
becoming the great center of ihe Northwest. 
for supplying the increasme wants of the en- 
tire country. The markets formerly chiefly 
supplied from Ohio and Indiana— as Philadel- 
phia, Baltimore, New York, Biighton, Cam- 
bridge and Albany — are now depending piin- 
cipatly upon Chicago for the best Beef; and 
the Canadians regard the lUmois Beef as the 
best ihey can procure. 

Slieep. 

Our Sheep market has been very fairly sup- 
plied throughout the year ; and the city de- 
mand for well fed stock has exceeded that of 
any previous year. One very important fea- 
ture m its relation to the future of our North- 
western States for the supply of Wool, is the 



immense numbers of sheep which have gone 
from this market to stock the rich g' azing 
lands of the Northwest. We only regret that 
there are no statistics from which wc could 
give the numbers that have been thus fur- 
nished. Durinof the monih of August up- 
wards of 40,C00 head were sent westward 
fiom this market, consisting chiefly of the 
best breeds for supplying the choicest de- 
scriptions of Wool. It will be under-estimat- 
ing the numbers of stock Sheep thus forward- 
ed westward as being upwards of 100,000 
head during the past year. 

The following ta'ile exhibits the compara- 
tive receipts and shipments of Hogs and Cat- 
tle at Chicago for the past ten years : 

KECBIPT9 ASTD SHIPMESTS OF HOGS AND "DS.T-;F CATTLE 
LN CHICAGO FOR TEN TEAKS. 

Hogs. Beeve'. 

Eec'il. Shipped. Eec'd. Shipped. 

Tear. , • , , — • , 

1855 S02ni;8 l')n,580 10,715 8,?53 

IS.-)!, 293,6-23 281,i4d 21.9.i0 2i,50i 

1857 251,115 131,216 48,524 25 502 

i853 530,0.9 170,368 118.151 4S,V!9 

1859 281,496 il2,810 90,5-4 35,973 

1860 355,854 15G,i84 1.55 753 104,122 

1861 ....... 675,002 380,(194 204,579 124,146 

1832 1,384,890 411,133 2o9,655 12.745 

1863 1,90s519 810,453 29S,:«1 293.217 

186i 1,582,047 701,851 336,627 179,520 



The receipts of Highwines. during the year 
just closing, amount to 142,846 brls against 
137,947 brls for the year 1863, showing an in- 
crease of 4,899 brls. The shipments for the 
year 1864 foot up 133.145 bils against 159,312 
brls in 1863— a decrease of 26,167 brls. 

The agitation in regard to the taxation of 
Highwines, at the session of Congress last 
winter, started considerable inquiry into the 
extent of the traffic in spirits in the United 
States, and the quantity of whisky manufac- 
tured. 

From the census reports we learn that in 
1850, thcie were manufactured in this coun- 
try 41,364,224 gallons of Highwines, and that 
in 1860 it had increased to 80,453,089 gallons 
— aninciease in one decade of nearly 100 per 
cent. In 1860 there were in operation in the 
United States 1,138 distilleries ; the census of 
1850 does not give the number in operation at 
that date — connecting them with breweries. 

The Ibllowing table gives the number of 
distilleries in each State of the Union in 1860, 
and the amount manufactured in 1850 and 
1860: 

HIGHWINES MANTrrAOTTJEED IN THE UNITED STATES. 

1860. 1860. 
State. No.ofDistilleis. Gal.maniil. Gal. in 1850. 

New York 77 21.923,782 9,231,700 

Illinois 42 15,165,760 2,315,000 

Ohio 137 15.14 ,475 11.865,150 

Indian.! 32 8,358,560 4,472,074 

Penn8\'lvani-. '91 8,33.5.302 6.548,810 

Kentucky 166 4,217,303 1,366,895 

Missouri 19 1,572,200 9 9,0:O 

New Jersey 52 1,017,9^5 1,250,630 

Maryland 20 1,182,700 787,400 

Mass.ichusetis 11 972,000 120,000 

Viruinia 62 757,980 879,440 

Wisconsin 15 531,250 127,000 

California 24 526 965 n' ne. 

Iowa 13 383,820 37.600 

Tennpssep 85 272,930 174,925 

Michisan 7 251,350 873,9-'0 

N.rth Carolina ICO 100,155 153,030 

Minnesata 8 58,000 none 

Oregon 1 40,000 none 

South Carolina 29 33,5.32 43,900 

Alabama 5 28,800 none 

Gf:or£!ta 8 16,260 60,450 

Texas 8 12,6.50 42.0.:0 

New Mexico 10 10,750 42,000 

Arkansas 2 8,500 none 

Utah 8 2,600 none 

Kansas 1 130O none 

Total 1^33 80,4'5.S,0S9 41,864 224 



16 



From the above table it will be seen that 
Illinois, in proportion to the number of her 
distilleries, produces more than any other 
State in the Unic'n. In this State", Proria 
takes tbe lead in the manufaeture of Hijrh- 
wiues, Chicaj^o next, and afierwards Belle- 
ville and Quincy. rhe tirst city bas eleven 
distilleries, with a total daily capacity of 
11,050 bush'ls ; the second, lour, with a ca 
pacity of 7,200 bushels ; the third, thr. c, with 
a capacity of 3,000 bushels; and the fourth, 
three, with a capacity of 2 400 busticis. 

The agitation at the last session of Con- 
gress relative to the " whisky tax" greatly 
stimulated the manulacture all over the West- 
ern country, and up to the day oq which the 
question was finally settled, the distillers 
work( d their stills to the greatest capacity. 
Since then, however, until some two weeks 
ago, they have been comparatively idle, and 
in fact many of them slopped runnins- Then 
the passage of the bill imposing a tax of two 
dollais per gallon on ail high wines manufac- 
tured on and after the 1st of January, 18G5, 
once more awoke them from their lethargy. 
Vigorous preparatious were made, workmg 
stock laid in, and some of the distillers once 
more set to work. 

The following tables show the receipts and 
shipments of Highwines at Chicago for a 
series of years : 

BECEIPTS or DIQHwrNES FOB TWELVe TEAKS. 

1853, brls 8,4S? i 1859, brls 29,-131 

18.T4 1^S:31 



1&55 1S,1.S3 

1S5B BU.OOO 

1S57 'S.I85 

1858 38,6-14 



18B0 62.126 

1361 80,913 

82 61,^03 

1863 137,947 

.864** 142,816 



SHir-MENTS OF HIGITWLNES F'^K TWELVE TEAKS. 



1853, brla 7.03T 

1854 8,01i 

1855 6,:«5 

1856 6MQ 

1857 10,651 



1858. 



■859, brls 29.529 

iSuO 6.5.223 

1861 U1.2I0 

1862 100,170 

863 159,312 



'Until Dec. 27. 



.25,007 11864, 133,145 



it is estimated bj' those well posted, that 
there are between thirty-five and forty thou- 
sand barrels now in store in this city. 

The following table shows the amount of 
Highwines man'ufiictured in this city annual- 
ly since 1S56 ; 

AM ;UNr CF HIGHWINES JIANTFAOTURED IS CQICAGO 
FU.il EIGHT TEAB.S. 

Barrels. Gallots. 

1856 ...27,550 l,(;.53,0t)0 

1857 SiJ.OCK) 8,1)1.0 000 

185S eO,U0O 3,600,000 

1859 . 53,000 3,1811,000 

1860 63,400 3,711,1100 

1861 89.915 5,3y4,9;i0 

1862,. >, 61,7(8 S,7'«2,180 

1863 77,5:i4 4,S.5'i,u22 

1864— tin Dec. 1 58,855 3,1^8,345 

HIQEWIMES MAKTIFACT0EED IN OHICAQO AND IT. 



1856 

18.57 

1858 

1859 

1800 

1861 

1862 

1863 

1864 -till Dec. 1. 



LOUIS. 

CMcas:o. 

.Brls 27,550 

. " 50,000 

. " 6,),000 

. " 53.000 

. " 62,4')0 

. " 89913 

. " 61,703 

. " ........77,524 

. " 5n853 



St 



Louis. 

18,300 
10,000 

9,700 
14.000 
Vi,m 
13,200 
15,900 

2,100 



No returns have been received from St. 
Louis this year. 

To show the comparative growth of this 
trade in the West, we give below a table 
showing the receipts at Chicago St. Louis 
and Cincinnati for a series of years. No re- 
turns have been received from the two last 
for the year just closing. 



KEOBIPTSOP mOHWlXES AT CIIOAGO, ST. 
^ CI.NOINNATI. 

OhK-as;o. st. Louis. 

IPM-brls 142,846 

1863 9.5,638 M,-(a 

11462 61.703 70374 

1861.... S9913 72,790 

1*60 .'■8,.t43 1)7,723 

1859 2.5,803 100083 

1858 34 590 122814 

1S57 28,185 151,804 

1856 SO.OI16 lS2f40 

18.^5 18,433 82,332 

1851 17.331 

18.53 8487 .... : 

1S52 7,^4l 

1851 

1830 .. ....... 

1849 

1.S48 

l-'47 : 

1846 



LOUIS AXD 

ClnclDEatl. 

l&li&is 
429 036 
881,763 
43316,S 
3Si,41?, 
411,299 
531.878 
4-^8.001 
305,965 
319 245 
827,111 
bl9 488 
814,047 

....... 186,673 

16.5,419 

170.436 

: 184,639 

178,33 

The following table shows the weekly 
prices of highwines for three years : 

WEEKLT PBICE8 OP HIGHWIIJES IS CHICAGO FOE THBEE 
TEABS. 

1864. 1863. 18€j. 



Jan. 



Feb. 



Mar. 



April 



May- 



June 



July 



Aug. 



Sept. 



Oct. 



Nov. 



Dec. 



2.... 

9.... 
16.... 
2.<i.... 
30.... 

6.... 
l:^.... 
20.... 
27.... 

5... 
12.... 
19.... 
26.... 

2.... 

9.... 
16,... 
23.... 
30.... 

7.... 
14. 
21. 



84 @ 



60 ® 
70 (<« 

79 ® 

80 W 
82 ® 
70 W 
79 @ 
SO @ 
Si @ 
92 ® 
94K(«i 

1.06X® 1-07 
1.07 ® 1.12 
\.H],i® 1.18 
1.15 ® 1.16 
1.15 ® \Mii 
1.12 ® 1.14 
1,20 @ 1.21 
28.... 1.21K@ 1.22 



U^ 

71 
80 
81 
88 
74 
83 
81 
84 
93 
95 



1863. 
83 @ 
88K® 
36 @ 
39 @ 
89 @ 



isy® 
47 ® 



43 
43 



® 



39 ® 



4. 
11.... 
18.... 
25.... 

2.... 

9.... 
16.... 
23. 



1.23 
1.24 
1.46 
1.69 
1.67 

l.ftl 

1.65 



@ IMii 
® 1.25 
® 1.46>i 
@ 1.72 
@ 1-69 
1.70 
@ 1.65 
@ 1.66 



30.... 1.67>i@ 1.71 



6 

13.... 
20.... 
27.... 

3.... 
10.... 
17.... 
24 ... 

1.... 

8.... 
15. . . . 



29.. 

5.. 
12.. 
19.. 
26.. 

3.. 
10.. 
17.. 
24., 



1.6C (in 1.67 
l.GOy,® 1.70K 
' 1.78 

1.76 

1.76 
(A 1.75 
@ 1.74Ji 
@ 1.70 
® 1.64 
® 1.61 

1.65 
® 1.63 
® 1.63 

1.04 
@ 1.65 

1.63 

1.70 
® 1.81 

1.79 
@ 1.00 

2.03 



41 ® 



1.74 
1.74 
l.(;9 
l.fiO 
1.60 

1.62 

1.C2 

1.C4 



1.79 



42 
42 
43 



47 @ 



51 
61 
54 
&4 



59 
68 
69 
78 



1 



81 ® 



33 J^ 

84 

37 

40 

40 

52 

49 

49 

47 

44 

43 
41 
41 
40 
89 
39 
S9K 

S9 

89 

39 

39}i 

40 

41 

42 

41M 

41>5 

41 

41 

41K 

42 

42 

42M 

43 

il 

48 

49 

51K 

62 

55 

55 

54 

54 

60 

67 

70 

79 

79 

82 

89 



13 @ 



16 ® 



14 
16 

16 
16K® 17 

18 
19 ® ]9J< 
19 ® 20 

19 ® 19M 

18 K@ 19 
18K® 19K 

17 

isy.® 19 

20 ® 20K 

18K 

19 @ 20 

21 
20K 
20 
19 H 

21 ® 21>i 

20 to 20>i 

22 
26 
28 
28 
29 
29)4 
27 @ 27;^ 
27 @ 27>^ 
27M® 23 

28K 
29K® 30 
29K® 80 
28>4® 29>i 

29 
29 @ 39H 
80 
30 
82>i@ 83 
S2M 
82>4 
32K® 33 
81 K@ 82X 
81 ® 82 
32>i@ 32J^ 

32 ® 82K 

33 
3S ® 83H 

33 ® 83X 



At the commencement of the year the mar- 
ket opened at 80c, and gradually advanced to 
85c on the 7th January, when a lull took 
place, and, tor want of motive power, stood 
still. The next day witnessed a difi'erence of 
2(«3c between buyers and sellers, and as nei- 
ther would compromise, trade became stag- 
nant. This state of affairs continued until 
the 11th, when a better inquiry sprang up, 
and quick sales were made at 84 l-2@85c. On 
the 12th prices advanced to 87c, but closed 
weak, and on the 13th ruled quite irregular, 
with trifling sales at 87@88c. The 14th wit- 
nessed a decline of 2c. On the loth the mar- 
ket became heavy and drooping, owing to an 
attempt having been made to tax stocks on 
hand. Here Mr. Washburne's ghost looms 
up for the first time during the year. The at- 
tempt was too much for the speculators ; they 
felt shaky, and prices di-opped on the next 



17 



day some 3 l-2c per gal. On the 18th they 
felt relieved — their fears proved groundless — 
and tbe market showed signs of recuperation, 
prices having advanced some31-3c per gallon. 
On the 21st ihe market brought up at a stand- 
still. Fernando Wood wanted to tax stocks 
on hand, so no one would give over 75c. This 
was followed with a panic and prices declined 
to 72>^c. On the Sod a regular panic set in. 
The House passed a bill taxing stocks on hand 
and the market dropped 12i^@15c, closing at 
60c. The next day there was rather mure ac- 
tivity, but at a decline of l@2c. A delegation 
of distillers arrived in town, en route lor Wash- 
ington wi'h a proposition to accept Ihe 
House's Bill, provided that on and alter tbe 
first of May, the tax be in^^eas^■d to $1.20 per 
gallon. The 2Gth witnessed a more active 
market at an advance of 2c, with sales at 62c. 
Anxious looks were directed at the Senate, 
and prices again advanced 2@3c. The opin- 
ion prevailed on the 2Sth that the Senate 
would not accept the House's bill and prices, 
in consequence advanced oc — touching 79 
cents. 

No material change took place until Feb. 
2, when pries advanced 4@5c, inconsequence 
of the Finance Committee of the Senate, 
having thrown out the proposition to tax 
stocks on hand. The next day, the specula- 
tors felt confident in " no tax on stocks on 
hand," and the result prices advanced 5c, 
which was fallowed by a similar advance on 
the4'h. On the 5th a change came o'er the 
spirit of their dreams and the market de- 
clined 2c. On the 6th the market broke down 
in consequence of dispatches having been re- 
ceived that the House would insist on taxing 
stocks on hand, and as a consequence, prices 
fell back to 79c- a decline of 4@5c. The 8ih 
witnessed another nanic with a decline of 8@ 
9c. We now come tn some of the " ups and 
dows." On the 9;h the market advanced 5c, 
Ibllowed on the 11th by another improvement 
of 3c. Again an advance of 4@5c was effect- 
ed — the House having concurred in the action 
of the Senate. On the loth a petition was 
" hawktd " about asking Congress not to im- 
pose a tax on stocks on hand ; this weakened 
the market and prices dropped one cent. The 
House once more " did the lair thing " by the 
speculators and price8advanced5@6c— touch- 
ing 84c. 

During the next two days the market took 
a " back turn" and declined 2c. We note no 
particular change until the 24th, when the 
"ghost" once more appeared on the scene. 
Another effort was made to tax stocks on 
hand and prices declined 5@6c, closing at 76c. 
This was followed by a fall to 70c, but subse- 
quently advanced to 73c. On the 29th prices 
touched 79c. 

The first of March witnessed a fall of Ic, as 
also did the 2d. Once more Washington look- 
ed favorable, and the market recovered from 
the depression of the two previous days — 
touching 763^. Another " down ;" on the 4th 
prices aeclined2c. Another "up " on the 5th. 
The House passed over the "tax on hand" 
and the market advanced 6@7c, but owing to 
nnfavorable advices from New York suDse- 
quently fell back. There is no particular 
change to note until the 8th, when prices de- 
clined 2@4c, but on the 9th a reaction set in 
and the market advanced l@2c The market 
during the n^xt two or three days ruled quite 
dull at a lower range of prices, un- 
tU the 14th, when a reaction set in 
and the market advanced to 82Xc. 
We note a gradually advancing market 
until the 24th, when prices touched 89X@ 
2 



90^. On the 25th the market advanced to 
94. On the 26th a depression took place and 
the market fell oflf. Until the 4th of April 
no material change look place, when the 
market adfanccd to 100- On the 7th prices 
touched 106>.^. On the lllh the market ruled 
buoyant, touching 112. On the 13th it was 
rumored that the Committee on Ways and 
Means would recommend a tax of $1.25 per 
gal. This once more started the speculative 
lever, and the market advanced 115X. On 
the 15th prices had advanced to 116, but a de- 
cline in gold later in the day, and the market 
fell back some 2c. The 16th witnessed 
another of those panics, by which mar- 
gins were remorsely swept away. Money 
tightened, and many were compelled to real- 
ize as best they could. Hence the market de- 
clinek 8@9c. The 19th witnessed another 
panic, owing to the continued stringency of 
money, and prices fell 5c — closing at 103. On 
the 21st heavy orders were received from the 
East, and the market consequently advanced 
to 110, but closed a shade under tiiat figure. 
On the 22d Kasson's bill taxing all whisky 
manufactured after the 1st May $1.00 per gal- 
lon, and after Jan. 1st $1.25 per gallon, passed 
the House, and immediaiely afterward the 
market was characterized with great buoy- 
ancy— advaucintj to $1.21. On the 23d the 
feeling was not quite so good, and the market 
declined some 4c. On the 27th it was rumor- 
ed that the Senate would insist on the " $1.25 
tax" going into effeci on the 1st July ; this 
caused quite an excitement, and piices ad- 
vanced to $1.23. On the 29th April a panic 
set in, and the market declined ll@12c, ow- 
ing to the passage of Washburne's resolution 
imposing a tax of 30c on all siocks (jn hand 
exceeding two barrels. The speculators, 
however, were not much friahtened at the 
" ghost," for on the 30th prices advanced 5@ 
7c, on the supposition that the Senate would 
throw out the bill and impose a tax of $1.50 
alter July 1st. 

On May 2d, a singular occurrence in the 
whisky tiade took place. In New York, the 
market ruled buoyant at $1.16, while in this 
market 1.16@1.16i-^ were the ruling figures. 
It is quite an anomaly in the trade. For a 
period of two weeks we note nothing of 
special moment in the market — prices fluctu- 
ating l@2c. Now up and now down. On 
the 16th, an active speculative demandsprang 
up, in consequence of the Senate Committee 
having reported adversely to taxing stocks 
on hand, and pi ices advanced 6@7c— touching 
120. On the 20th, prices advanced to $1.22, 
consequent upon the Senate Committee re- 
porting in favor of imposing a tax cf $1..50 
after January 1st. There are no features of 
interest to note until the 31st, when p. ices, 
which had ruled somewhat unsteady, ad- 
vanced to $1.25. Until June 14th, no impor- 
tant change took place, when, under the aus- 
pices of favorable news from Washing- 
ton, the market ruled buoyant, and 
prices advanced to $1.26X. This was 
immediately followed by another advance of 
o@6c, touching 132. On the 17th, the House 
refused to tax stocks on hand, and the mar- 
ket advanced some 13c— advancing to 145. 
On the 20th it was rumored that Mr. Chase 
was endeavoring to persuade Congress to im- 
pose a tax of 2(X), and on the strength of this 
rumor prices advanced to 148. The sameeva- 
ning, a perfect "rampage" took possession of 
the speculators, and the market advanced to 
155. This was not sustained on the morrow, 
and the market eased ofi" 2c, owing to less fa- 
vorable news from Washington. The great 



^•~.0»M r r. 



18 



advance in gold on the 2!M strengthened the 
•whisky interest, and prices advanced to 158. 
The 23d witnessed considerable excitement in 
the market, owing to the report that the 
Conference Committee would probably rec- 
ommend a tax of 150 and 200. This sent 
prices up to 166 in the twinkling of a clam- 
Bhcll, but later advices sent it down again in 
as short a time. Subsequent news gave a 
litte more tone, and the market closed at 
162@163. On the evening of the 2tth, (he 
same rumor (tax 150 and 2(J0) was once more 
on dil and prices ran wild advancing to SI. 70. 
Washington rumors aeain set the current in 
motion and on the 29th prices reached $1.75. 
The same evening " Washburne's spectre" 
appeared on the scene and prices receded 10c. 
The next day there was rather more hope 
that stocks on hand would not be taxed and 
the market slowly improved some 2c. 

On the 5lh of July the market advanced to 
$1.70, but still there was an unsettled feeling, 
some asserting that Congress had adjourned 
without passing the "tax on hand" bill, 
while others asserted that the bill had passed. 
Speculators acted very cautiously. On the 
11th the market, which had ruled rather de- 
pres-id, dropped to SI. 66. We note no partic- 
ular change in the tone of the market until 
the 20th, when prices advanced to 81.70. On 
the 25th the advance was not maintained and 
the market fell back to S1.65@1.66. There is 
nothing to note until the 30th when prices 
again advanced to §1.70. 

On the first of August the market once 
more dropped to $1.66. On the 9th, after 
several vibrations, the market once more 
touched $1.70, and on the 17lh .$1.74>^ was 
reached. On the 19th the raj,rket ruled" more 
buoyant, and an advance of 3c was maintain- 
ed — touching $1.78. There are no particular 
features to note in the market for the space of 
three or four weeks. In sympathy with Gold 
and the whims of speculators, the market 
fluctuated now up and then down, from $1.73 
@1.78— touching $1.73 on the 13th September. 
A week later the market touched $1.70. On 
the 26th $1.66 was reached. 

The first of October witnessed a depreci- 
ation, and the ruling price was $1.60. A few 
days later $1.55 was reached. This was the 
turning point, for the market gradually kept 
improving, and on the 11th wctind prices firm 
at $1.64. The market during the next two 
weeks ruled comparatively dull, and on .he 
26th, prices declined to $l.COi^. Until the 
26th November, the market fluctuated be- 
tween $1.63@1.66, when prices advanced 
4c. On the 28th the market ruled 
buoyant, and prices advanced 10c — closing 
at $1.80. This advance is attributed to the 
reduction of stock in New York, Cincinnati, 
and Chicago. On the 29th a further advance 
of 5c was attained, but the day following wit- 
nessed a reaction, and the market fell back to 
$1.77@1.78. On the 5th December the mar- 
ket had advanced to $1.82, but the day fol- 
lowing Mr. Washbume reiterated his "tax 
on hand " and the market fell back to $1.79. 
Mr. Washbuine's bill was thrown out, and 
the market subsequently advanced to $1.80. 
On the 13th the price advanced to $1.81 1-2, 
and on the 14th to $1.84. Owing to improved 
advices from New York on the 16th, the mar- 
ket advanced to $1.87. On the 19th 
the price reached $1.90, and on the 
ruled very buoyant 
having advanced 10@ 
On the 21st the amend- 
ment was passed by Congress imposing a tax 
of $3.00 on all highwines manufactured alter 



January Ist. In consequence of this the 
market ruled active and buovant, at an ad- 
vance of 3@4c— closing at $2.08. Owing to 
the great stringency of money on the 23d, 
the market declined 2c, and for the same 
reason there was a further decline of 3@4c the 
day following. On the 27th an advance of 5 
@6c was sustained, and sales were made at 
$2.10@2.12. The 28th witnessed a decline of 
2@3c, with sales at $2.09 On the 29th another 
depreciation of Ic was effected — sales being 
made at $2.08@2.03>^. To-day (Dec. 30) the 
market advanced 2c, with sales at §2.08@2.10. 



20th 
and 
12c- 



the market 
excited, prices 
closing at .$2.00. 



liUMBER TRADE. 

The following table shows the receipts ox 
Lumber, Shingles, Lath, &c., for the year 
1864, and also compare with the previous 
year, 1863 : 

BECEIPTS OF LtUTBER. SHINGLITB. L.tTH, AC, FOB THK 
TEARS 18&1 AlfD 18G3. 

1864 1S63. 

Lamber, ft 480.i'.,5,n00 392,800 COO 

Shingles, No i.33,S- (',000 lo-2,.iai.000 

Lat-h, pes 6.3,S05.W)0 41005,0110 

Sqti;ire Timber, It 4,940 00t» 5,06( ,000 

• tuar Pests, tcs 57i>,971 55-.520 

BaiiroaMTies 447.825 869,28e 

Teifsrapli Poles 87.465 1&,102 

Shingle and st*ve bolts, cds. 11,819 9 442 

In reviewing the Lumber Trade of this city 
during the past year, we cannot but note in 
the outset, that notwithstanding the reputed 
scarcity of labor, the receipts tor the year 
show a very marked increase upon those of 
1863, amounting to no less than 87,365,0()0 
feet. It was generally anticipated that there 
would be an improvement in the supply of 
the year, to meet the growing demand of the 
market ; but few supposed that the receipts 
would be equal to what they are. It may, 
however, be observed that the season of 1863- 
4 was especially favorable for logging, there 
being plenty of snow, and open, clear weath- 
er during the whole season. 

At the commencement of the year stocks 
in the hands of dealers were extremely light, 
and in some instances had been exhausted. 
This was especially so in Fencing, Flooring, 
and Clear, or Finishing Lumber. There was 
consequently a very active demand for all de- 
scriptions of" Lumber, buyers waiting anx- 
iously for the season for the receipts of car- 
goes to open. 

All our important lumber ports have libe- 
rally contributed their share to make the 
grand yearly total of 480,165,000 feet, the re- 
ceipts of the year. There is, however, a very 
large quantity of Lumber kept back, owing 
to the short supply of water in all the upper 
tributaries to our rivers, occasioned by the 
protracted drought of the last summer. 

We refer to a few of the principal points 
from whence our supply has been derived. 
From Green Bay, including the Menomonce, 
Oconto, PesQtigo, Pentsaukee, and other 
streams emptying at Bay du Noc, as also Stur- 
geon Bay on the South side, a regular supply 
bas been maintained of our best strip Lum- 
ber for which the demand for fencing our 
prairies forms the most important item in our 
lumber trade. 

The Muskegon trade has been materially 
improved, by the erection of several new 
mills, so that a more regular supply from that 
district than during previous years has been 
maintained, principally consisting of well- 
cut, assorted soft pineltunber so much sought 
for by country dealers. There has been one 
rather serious diawback to the trade from 
this point, occasioned by the constant accu- 
mulation of sand at the mouth of the river, 



19 



owing to wbich vessels are frequently detained 
for several days, or perhaps weeks. Piers are 
in course of erection, which it is beUevcd will 
entirely obviate this difficulty for the ensuing 
year. 

From Grand River there has been a c;ood 
supply of ordinary common luiuber, although 
a large quantity of the logs cut last season 
are held back by the very low slate of the 
rivers, most of which will bave to remain 
until next season. A fair qunntity were, how- 
ever, brought down in the months of October 
and November, though at considerable cost 
and trouble, by whicli the excessive demand 
in this market was partially met. 

From Grand Traverse Bay and Pcre Mar- 
quette, there has been a fair supply of good, 
sound common lumber for fencing and floor- 
ing, and from Manistee we bave obtained our 
chief receipts of square timber, of whicli the 
demand has been much above the supply. 
This is due to the rapid increase which has 
taken place in our bridge building trade, for 
which square timber is wholly used. We find 
that, in addition to the large demand for 
railroad bridires consequent upon the West ern 
extension of important lines of railways, that 
our bridge buitders are largely occupied in, 
filling Government contiacts for the restora- 
tion of bridges destroyed in the prosecution 
of the war in the States of Kentucky, Ten- 
nessee, Georgia and Louisiana. 

The supply of lumber from Western Can- 
ada has been larger than during any previous 
year. As, notwithstanding the high rates of 
exchange, the extreme prices paid for lumber 
in this market has been a sufficient in- 
ducement to Canadian lumbermen to 
export largely to this point. It may be ob- 
served that the best quality of stock boards 
handled in this market have been obtained 
from this source. For the guidance of Can- 
adians in the ensuing season, we would state 
that the demand for prime stock boards 
in this market is always equal to and gen- 
erally aoove the supply. 

The activity of this market dm-ing the year 
has received a considerable stimulus by' the 
continued demand for the Mississippi valley, 
and the country lying westward, as owing to 
the low state of the Mississippi river, now for 
the second year, scarcely any of the lumber 
cut on the upper streams has been removed. 
The general prosperity of our agricultural 
districts, owing to the extreme prices paid 
for all farm produce, is nowhere more appar- 
ent than in costly improvements which are 
being made on their farms, and in the erec- 
tion of more commodious buildings, for whieh 
a very large quantity of lumber has been used 
during the past year, and is still required. 
There has also been a large demand for lum- 
ber on Government accoimt: but as the trade 
has passed into regular channels, there is not 
that frequent drain upon the market, whieh 
was formerly experienced when agents came 
into the market and bought all the cargoes 
that could be got. 

The most serious drawback to the pros- 
perity of our Lumber interest during the past 
year, has been the want of water in the Illi- 
nois river, so that for all practical pur- 
as good as closed 
Provided this river 
as in former years, 
of the stocks now 
have been taken 
by dealers and consumers occupying that 
part of the country ; and further, the trade 
ot the city has been considerably checked by 
the inability of some of our railroads to afford 



poses it has been 
since June last, 
had been available 
fully one fourth 
on hand would 



the required transportation. This has been 
especially so on the Illinois Central, the Chi- 
cago and Alton, St. Louis, and the Galena 
branch of the Northwestern Railroad. Some 
allowances must be made for the occupation 
of the roads by the pressing demands of the 
Gove inment for the transportation of army 
supplies ; but it is generally felt in the trade 
that a more due appreciation of the chums of 
our Lumber trade would have materially les- 
sened the inconveniences referred to. On the 
Burlington and Rock Island roads there has 
been little room for complaint, the result of 
which is that the trade of the districts occu- 
pied by those roads has been largely devel- 
oped. 

The demand for Lumber from all parts of 
the Northwestern country has increased dur- 
ing the past year, and is at present larger 
than was ever known. That this should con- 
tinue to be the characteristic feature of our 
trade is to be expected. All the principal 
lumber manufacturers have their headquar- 
ters in Chicago, and tbrough them, or their 
agents, country dealers are supplied at ■whole- 
sale prices, thus affording to them not only 
the largest market in the world to buy in, 
but furnishing the best opportimity to pru"- 
chase from first hands and at the lowest 
rates. 

Shingles. 

The receipts of Shingles during the 
past year amount to 133.360,000, being a 
decline of 19,075,000 on the receipts of the 
year 1863. 

The market during the year has been gene- 
rally active, but in comparison with the prices 
paid for lumber, rates have been lower. The 
demand has somewhat chanjred its character 
from former years, sawed Shingles having su- 
perseded the use of shaved, and at higher 
prices. 

The supply has been chiefly derived from 
Green Bay, Manitowoc, Kalamazoo and Rogue 
river, and a very important part of the re- 
ceipts were derived by rail from Oshkosh and 
Fond du Lac, on Lake Winnebago. The ac- 
tivity of the market has been well sustained 
by the demand for St. Louis, the Mississippi 
trade, and our agricultural districts. 

As affecting the Lumber market generally, 
we find that with the uncertainty of Gold 
maintaining its present high rate next season, 
the high cost of labor and supplies, that there 
has not been preparations made by lumber- 
men to get out the usual amount of lumber 
during the winter. There is a very firm tone 
in the market, and contracts for spring deliv- 
ery are being freely and eagerly made at very 
high figures. 

The following table shows the receipts of 
Lumber, Shingles and Lath in Chicago for 
seventeen years : 

EHCETPTS OF LUSrSEE, 8HIN6LE", LATH, BTO., IN OHI- 
OAOO FOR 8EVKNTEEN TEAKS. 

iiumtier, ft. Shingles, no. Lath, pes. 

1864 480,165,000 133.360,0<i0 63,805.000 

186:3 393,074,882 153,485,633 41,665,000 

1862 299,365,000 131,325,000 2;?,880,r00 

1861 249,809,000 79,356,000 &2,f67,000 

I860 255,147,000 133,578,000 30,.509,000 

1859 295 710,832 165,087,000 49,548,210 

1858 268.616,000 l.>5,788,000 44,517,000 

1857 444,396,300 130,462,000 79,650,000 

1S56 441,961.900 135,876,000 79,235,120 

1855 297.567,669 158,770,000 46 487,550 

18f4 228,336,783 82,061,250 82,48i,550' 

1853 202,101,098 93,483,784 89 033,116 

1852 147,816,232 77.C80.500 19,759,670 

1851 125,056,437 60,338,250 27,58.3,476 

1850 1(0,364,779 55,423,750 19,809,700 

1849 73,259,553 89.057,750 19,28 ,733 

l!il8 60,009,'^50 20 000,000 in,i2.").]08 

1847 32,118,225 12,148,500 5,655,70 



&•.• 0t 



20 



The followine table shows the shipments of 
Lumber und Shingles by Canal for seven 
years : 

fcHtPilUNTS OF LUMBER AND SHnTSLBS BY CANAL FOB 
8BVEN YEARS. 



Lumoer. 

1864 59,089,7 

18631 50,119.229 

1862 56,768,836 

1861 42,7^1,520 

1860 47.255.4J8 

1859 62,889,538 

J8.58 70,573,867 

1857 82.421.843 



Slilngtee 
23,59. .2211 
25 427.950 
3i.33-i,ii'0 
17,69.%50O 
80,546,475 



HIDES. 

In common with all other departments o 
our commercial industry, our Hide trade 
shows a marked improvement on that of the 
year 1863. The receipts for the year 1864 
amount to 19,524,409 lbs, being an excess on 
the year 1863 of 1,967, 381 fts. The shipmen t s 
for the year amount to 18,561,983 S)s, being a 
decline of 5,219,994 lbs on the shipments for 
the year 1863. This result is very satisfactory, 
as indicating the growing preference given 
by all the leading boot and shoe manufac- 
turers of our principal Eastern cities for 
leather manufactured in this district. Thus, 
whilst our receipts of Hides are fairly increas- 
ing, we are converting a laiger proportion ol 
them than formerly into leather. The an- 
nexed table of receipts for the past year has 
only reference to the Hides brought to this 
mark»^t from points more or less remote, and 
theretore does not refer to the large number 
obtained Irom our packing and slaughter 
houses and from the surrounding neighbor- 
hood. In this direction the supply is contin- 
ually becoming more liberal. The range ox 
prices has been higher than during any previ- 
ous period. From January to August there 
was a steady and very perceptible increase, 
and during September but little difference ap- 
pears. There bus subsequently been a gi adual 
decline, but not more than was to be expect- 
ed, with the usual falling off in the demand 
during the winter months. 

The following table shows the receipts and 
shipments of Hides for seven years : 

BEOKIPTS AND SHIPMENTS OF HIDES FOR SEVEN TEAKS. 

Kecelved. Forwarded, 

fts. lbs. 

1858 ll,r,06,997 8,693,832 

1859 i2.6ai,446 16,413,3,'0 

1860 11,233,918 14,863,514 

1S61 9,962,723 12,277,518 

1862 12,747,123 15,315,359 

1863-4* l7,557,-;28 23,781,979 

1864 19,5 j4,409 18,561,985 

•From April Ist, 1863, to March 3i8t, 1864. 



SEEDS. 

Chicago has long been recognized as one of 
the most important seed markets in the 
country, and each succeeding year witnesses 
its development in a large degree. As wUl 
be seen from the table given below, the re- 
ceipts of Seeds — Grass and Flax — during the 
year just closing, amount to 10,224,598 H)S 
against 9,885,208 Rs for the year 1863. The 
traflBic in Flax Seed has already assumed gi- 
gantic proportions. There are several large 
Linseed Oil factories in successful operaticm 
here — among them may be mentioned E. W. 
Blatchford's and Bowman, Wood & Go's — 
and large quantities of oil are manufactured 
here, both for Western and Eastern markets. 
The trafhc in oil cake swells the figures con- 
eiderably. Grass Seeds are mostly shipped to 
•Eastem markets. 



SAIiT. 

The following table shows the amount of 
Salt received each year during the past six 
years in Chicago. The Saginaw Salt trade, 
during the present year has grown to mam 
moth proportions, embracing more than one- 
half the barrel Salt received here. It is only 
some three years since the saline wealth of 
Michigan was developed to any extent. The 
receipts of barrel Salt this season shows, as 
compared with last year, a decrease of nearly 
one hundred thousand barrels. The receipts 
of barrel Salt this season embrace 331,772 
barrels Onondaga, and 343,877 barrels Sag- 
inaw. 

EBCEIPTS OF SALT AT CHICAGO FOB SIX TEATS. 

•a- ^ Tons 

Year. B.irrels. B.isfs. In bulk. 

1864 675,649 29,414 782 

1863 77.=.,057 179,182 7,007 

1S62 001,916 278789 13,047 

1861 800,475 (in sacks) 2,218 

1860 255,43 

1859 316,291 

The great falling off in the receipts of For- 
eign Salt this season, as compared with the 
ten past years, is owing entirely to the high 
duties (payable in gold) and the high price of 
sterUng exchange. For these reasons im- 
porters had no margin of profit, and conse- 
quently preferred rather not to import than 
suffer pecuniary loss. 



COAIi AND WOOD TRADE. 

Our coal trade, during the past year, has 
not been of that progressive chaiacter which 
nas characterised the general trade of this 
city. At the commencement of the year, the 
stocks of hard coal in the hands of dealers 
were nearly exhausted, and of range and 
small egg, and chestnut sizes there was none 
in the market. It was anticipated that, with 
a large demaod, there would, during the sum- 
mer months, be a commensurate supply, hut 
owing to the scarcity and high charges of 
labor, freights, &c.. the receipts fall short of 
those of last year. Soft coal has been in 
moderate supply, although the amoimt of 
stock at present in the hands of dealers is 
considerably less than the actual require- 
ment of the market. Prices during the year 
have been very firm and continually advanc- 
ing ; as compared with the quotations of the 
market at the beginning of the year, we note 
an increase of 22 per cent on hard coal and of 
30@33 per cent on soft coal. 

The following table shows the receipts and 
shipments of coal for four years : 

EKOEIPTS OF COAL FOB FOTTE TEAEB. 

1864 279,425 1 1862 218,423 

1863 254,l9'j 1 1801 184,089 

SHIPMENTS OF COAL FOE FOTTE YEABB. 

1854 (estimated 15,000 1 1862 12.917 

18S3 1E,213| 1861 30,093 

The demand for Firewood has received a 
considerable stimulus by the high prices pay- 
able for Coal, and owing to the supply 
(though much more liberal than during the 
year 1863) being scarcely equal to the require- 
ments of the market. The advance in prices 
from the commencement of the current year 
has been equal to 18(g20 per cent. 

RECEIPTS OF WOOD BY LAKE FOB THBEE YEAE8. 

1864 140,577 I 1862 101.781 

1863 98,5171 



21 



TBEE GROCERT TRADX:. 

The growing prosperity of this city Las in 
few, if any, of its commercial departments 
been more conspicuously seen than in this. 
Whilst large additions have been made to the 
number of our Wholesale Grocery establish- 
ments, our old established firms have been 
rapidly extending their influence throughout 
the towns of the Northwest, so that their old 
warehouses have had to be enlarged, or ex- 
changed for new and more commodious prem- 
ises, some of which are conspicuous for their 
adaptation to business purposes, as well as an 
ornament to the streets they occupy. 

By a careful estimate, the returns of our 
Wholesale Grocery trade for the past year do 
not fall short of $40,000,000; and with the 
large increase in the amount of business going 
on, this amount will shortly be thoroughly 
eclipsed. This is but a natural result ol the 
numerous advantoges offered by the mer- 
chants of this city to the rising towns of the 
Northwest. The leading staples can at all 
times be pvu-chased here, at as low a rate as 
inNewYoik or any of the large Eastern 
cities which have in past years been recog- 
nized as the best and cheapest markets, thus 
saving the Important item of freight to this 
center. 

The fluctuations which have marked our 
Gold market during the year, with rates con- 
stantly advancing; besides the additional 
duties which have been charged on all the 
leading staples, have in no sihall degree in- 
terfered wiih the regular pursuit of business. 
We note on the leading departments of the 
Trade the following increase in prices as com- 
pared with the current rates of the market 
at the beginning of the year : coffee has ad- 
vanced 20@2'3 per cent ; raw sugar 35@40 per 
cent ; refined sugar 40 per cent ; and teas 30 
@3o per cent, and other descriptions in simi- 
lar proportion. Our Tea Trade has from be- 
ing a mere adjunct or branch 
of the Jobbing Grocery Trade developed into 
a speciality /jf?" se. Employing a large capi- 
tal, and sustained by a growing constituency, 
occupying the vast area which lies between 
the Lakes and the Rocky Mountains. Aside 
from the large number of houses in the gene- 
ral grocery trade, ail of whom supply their 
customers with the best Teas that can be ob- 
tained, v/e have two or three extensive firms 
engaged exclusively in their sale. 

From the most reliable sources of informa- 
tion, we learn that during the current year 
the value of teas supplied from this 
market reaches the substantial amount 
of five milli'ms of d.>llars, of 
which at an average of §1 75 per pound would 
indicate a distribution of 2,857,142 p rands 
from this market alonf . Thus it would seem 
that the impositi n of a heavy import duty, 
varyiuir in curtency value from 60 to 75c per 
pound, on all descriptions, good, bad and in- 
differ. ut— the rise of gold— and the conse- 
quent high prices have not seriously interfer- 
ed with the consumption of this important 
staple. 

With a large experience in the Western 
Trade our Tea and Grocery houses are not to 
he supposed as confining their purchases to 
New York ••r other East, rn markets ; on 1he 
contrary they seek to eive their customeis 
the benefit of the best markets wherever they 
canbe found, and by importing on their own 
accoimt benefit the Trade as well as them- 
selves. 



The following is a list of most of onr Whole- 
sale Grocers and Tea firms : 



TEA MERCHANTS. 



Parsons, Pitkin & Han- 1 
key. I 

WHOLESAIE 

Adams & Hitchcock, 
Barber & Son, 
Barrett S. L. & Co., 
Beckwith C. H. 
Boynton B. B. 
Boynton & Smith, 
Church G. & C. \V. 
Clarke W. & Co., 
Cook G. C. & Co., 
Day, Allen & Co., 
iJoane, J. W. & Co., 
Durand, Bro. & Co., 
Purand & Hyde, 
Ely, D. C. & Co., 
Ewing, Briggs & Co., 
Finney, Lyons & Co., 
Flanders G. W. & Co., 
Frank Ed w'dG. S. 
George, Dudley & Co., 
Giles O. H. 

Gilman, Grannis & Co., 
Gould & Bros., 
Gray, Phelps & Co., 
Hisdale H. W. & Co., 
Kellogg & Covell, 
R. L.Fabian & Co., 



Hawes P. B. 



GROCERS. 



& 



King G. W. & Co., 
Knowles Bros., 
Ladd, Williams & Co., 
Loomis & W hi taker, 
McKlndley, Ingraham 

&Co., 
Mead & Johnson, 
Perley & Parker, 
Phillips J. A. & Co., 
Pollard & Doano, 
Satterlee, Wells 

Faulkner, 
Sayrs, Gilmore & Co., 
Shores, Dunham & Co., 
Smith Bros., 
Smith & Franks, 
Sprague, Warner & Co., 
Staley, Bennett & Co., 
Stearns & For.'?yth, 
TatorF. D. & Co., 
Taylor & Wright, 
Thompson, Johnson & 

Co., 
Uphof A. H. 
Willard & Child, 
Williams, Smith & Co. 



teije: irQoiii<:sALx: dry goods 
trade:. 

Scarcely any department of the trade of the 
Northwest has displayed more progress than 
the Dry Goods Trade of Chicago. Looking 
back only a few years, we recollect that this 
business was scarcely sufiicient to keep more 
than one or two establishments moderately 
busy. Then the merchants from the interior 
of Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, Indiana, &c., 
purchased their goods either in New York, 
St. Louis, or Cincinnati. Chicago as a Dry 
Goods market was not on the map, and the 
amount of goods j )bbed here did not exceed 
half a million dollars annually. Now all this 
is changed. Outside of New York, Chicago is 
the market of the West. We have upwards 
of twenty-five wholesale dry goods houses, 
nearly all of which are patronized to the full 
extent of their capital and stock. The mer- 
chants from the interior of the entire North- 
western States, and even from Ohio and Mis- 
souri, find it for their interest to purchase the 
great bulk of their stacks here— as our whole- 
sale dry goods men have generally during the 
past two years und(;rso1d almost every other 
market in the United States. 

As a proof of the importance of Chicago as a 
Dry Got)ds market to the Northwest, we would 
state that The Tribune has found it neces- 
sary dudng the greater part of the year to 
publish a daily dry goods market— which is 
not done in any other city in the United 
States. 

It would be interesting to note the amount 
of sales of the wholesale dry goods houses in 
this city, in detail ; but we have found it im- 
possible to get complete figures. We there- 
lore give as near an estimate as can he anived 
at. The sales of four of the Heaviest bouses 
in the ciry during the present year, amount 
to $24,5.50,000, and the sales of the entire 
trade cannot fall shot of $35.0J>3,000. 
This includes wholesale dry goods dealers, 
fancy dry goods jobbers, and wholesale deal- 
ers in Yankee notions, &c. The following is 
the list of the principal houses : 



22 



Farwell, Field & Co. 
Potter Palmer. 
Bowen Brothers. 
Davis, Sawyer & Co. 
Harmon, Gale & Co 



American & Smith. 
Ross & Foster. 
Koss & Gossage. 
A. G. Downs & Co. 
J. B. Sliay. 



Klchards, Crumbaugli AGraves & Irwin 



Shaw. 
Carson, Pirie & Co. 
Hnnt, Barbour & Hale. 
D. H. Kiug & Co. 
Keith, Faxon & Co. 
J. M. Stine. . 

C.&S. Stein. ^^., .. ••- 

Torrance, Manning* Co.S. Stettheimer & Co. 
Eoscnfeld & Rosenberg.Field, Benedict & Co. 
Savage, Keith & Wood, 



Lundheim, Frank & Mey- 
er. 
E. M. ^Whipple & Co. 
Jacob Wilharfs. 
C. D. Austin & Co. 
W. U. Bovle. 
Howell. Foster & Wilson. 



SATS, CAPS AND FCJRS. 

The trade in Hats, Caps and Furs, is now 
a very important branch of the mercantile 
trade of Chicago. There are nine large 
wholesale houses, which makes this a leading 
business, and from cartful estimates made, 
we shiiuld judge the amount of sales for the 
year 1864, by wholesale, to be at least §5,000,- 
000, There are, besides, a large number of re- 
tailers who do a heavy business, but Ave do 
not include the operations of these. The fol- 
lowing is a list of the prominent wholesale 
honses in the trade ; 
Webber. Wil'iams& Fitch, E. P. L. Broom, 
H. & E. Whittemore & Co., J. A. Smith & Co., 
Keith, Faxon & Co., Bassett & Hammond, 

A. Herzog & Co., Lasali & Morris. 

Sawyer & Co., 

THE \rHOIjESAI.E BOOT AND SHOE 
TRADE. 

It is only a few years since every single case 
of boots and shoes jobbed in this city was 
manufactured in Massachusetts, and the busi- 
ness was then confined to two or three houses, 
whose business did not exceed that of a good 
retail establishment now-a-days. But within 
the past tew years the most amazing progress 
has been made. There are now sixteen large 
wholesale establishments in the city, which 
have done a business during the year 1864 of 
about 1^14,000.000. Chicago is now the 
great boot and shoe mart of the West, and 
our jobbers supply almost every town of im- 
portance in Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, Indiaua, 
Minnesota, Missouri, Michigan, Kansas and 
Nebraska. 

But this is not the only feature of the trade 
worthy of note. Almost every one of the 
wholesale houses manufactm-e their own 
goods, and employ probably about 2,500 hands 
m this branch of the trade. Nearlv all the 
best qualities of goods are manufactured here 
and the cheaper articles at the East. 

The following is a list of the leading houses 
engaged in this business : 

Doggett, Bassett & Hill. Far^o & Bill. 

F. C. & M. D, Wells. J. Weber & Co. 

C. M. Henderson & Co. I. P. Fariium. 

Davis, Sawyer & Co. McDoucall & Nicholas. 

Gillett, Whitnoy & Co. C. T^IcFarlane & Co. 

iGore, Wilson & Co. Phelpe & Dodge. 

Saunders Bros. Fiske. Kirtland & Co. 

Eawson & Bartlett, Pearson & Dana. 



WHOJLESALE CliOTHING TRADE. 

The Wholesale Clothing Trade has sprung 
up almost within a few years, and now occu- 
pies a prominent place in the trade of the 
city. There arc twelve leading houses engaced 
in this business, and their sales arc estimated 
at about ^la.OOO.OOO within the present 
year. To those not lamiliar with the extent 
of the trade, this may appear an exaggera- 
tion, but when we assure our readers' that 
three wholesale houses alone have sold up- 
wards of 14,000,000 worth of clothing during 



the year, the fiOTires given will not appear 
large. The leading wholesale houses are : 

King, Kello£rg & Co. P. Wadsworth & Co. 

Tuttle, Thompson & Co. W. R. Lovejoy & Co. 

A. Pierce. S. F. White. 
Foreman Brothers. Webster, Marsh & Co. 

B, L, Ferguson & Co. Young Bros. & Co. 
Eohn & Bros. Koh & Leopold. 



DOmESTIC DRIED FRCIT TRADE. 

From a very minor branch of our general 
trade, this has assumed a degree of import- 
abce that renders it imperative to bestow a 
passing notice. But a short time since, pre- 
served fruits were chiefly used in oui- house- 
hold economy, but the high cost of sugar has 
draAvn atten*ion to the cheaper mode of pur- 
chasing fruits dried, as a substitute. 

The fruits most in demand are dried apples. 
There was a very fair stock on hand at the 
commencement of the year, but with 
heavy orders on Government account, 
for army use, it was very soon 
exhausted. The crop of this year has, to a 
considerable extent, proved a failure. We 
find that Illinois, Missouri, and Kentucky, 
from which Stages we have been accustomed 
to receive a large part of our annual sup- 
plies, have jielded none. In Michigan the 
crop was very light, and in New York State it 
was far below the average, so that to the 
present time our receipts have been confined 
to a few scattering lots. In the northern 
counties of Ohio, tJiose generally known as 
fruit growing counties, there was a good crop, 
and from thence we have derived nearly all 
the fruit received this season. 

Although in prices we have nearly doubled 
the cm-rent rates of the market at the com- 
mencement of the year, we are still far below 
the Eastern markets. In New York State 
round lots of prime fruit are held at 
15@16c f) !b, and at Boston the same prices 
obtain, whilst with us round lots of choice 
Ohio -fruit are selling at 14>4@14;^c %1 lb. 

This increased and still increasing demand 
for Dried Apples is also due to the scarcity, 
and, in some instances, nominal supply of 
other known fruits . Of Dried Peaches we re- 
ceived last season not less than 75,000 bush- 
els — nearly all of which were consumed in 
the Northwestern States, whilst, this sea- 
son we have received none. Berries 
have also been in very small and 
irregular supply, antt prices so much 
higher than Dried Apples that the latter fruit 
has become the principle staple oC the mar- 
ket. The receipts thus tar for this season are 
estimated as equal to 7,000 brls, against 8,500 
brls received during the same period last year, 
together with about 9,000 brls of unpared 
Peaches, of which we now have none, and 
other small fruits in fair supply. The esti- 
mated stocks on hand at present are less than 
3,000 brls Dried Apples, against 4,500 brla 
Dried apples, and 5,000 brls driedPcaches this 
time last year. 

The demand for all descriptions of Domes- 
tic Dried Fruits is an increasing one, and 
should receive the attention of Fruit growers 
to the utmost extent. 



liAKE FISH TRADE. 

The supply of White Fish and Trout during 
the year has scarcely kept pace with our in- 
creased city and country demands, together 
with a large enquiry on Government account. 
The market was well stocked at the com- 
mencement of the year, and the fishing sea- 
son of 1864 has been in some respects very 



•1*1 



23 



favorable. Between Two Rivers and Two 
Creek on the Wisconsin shore the catch was 
the largest ever known, having I'urnlshcd 
about 5,000 packages. Preparations are be- 
in^ made for more extended operations at this 
point next season. 

Prices have ruled very firm with an advance 
of better than 40 per cent on the current 
rates of the market in January last. 

The following table shows the receipts of 
Lake Fish for six years : 

BEOKIPTS OF LAKB FISH FOB SIX TEARS. 

Tear, Packascp.s. 

1859 24,f89 

1860 89,669 

1861 25,J20 

1862 31,342 

1863 .56 729 

1864-"- 85,770 



^rAREHOUSES. 



The warehouses of Chicago, and their per- 
fect system of operations are as familiar as 
"household words," in fact wherever the 
fame of Chicago's greatness has gone, the 
wonderful stories of her Elevators have trav- 
eled with it. No European traveler, who 
visits the West, thinks his tour ended unless 
he has witnessed the moclua operandi of their 
performances. Anthony TroUope in his 
''travels in America" pays a handsome 
tribute to this triumph of American skUl. and 
contrasts much to the disadvantage of " ye 
Britons," the slow and tedious system of dis- 
charging grain cargoes, by manual labor, at 
the ducks of Liverpool and London. 

The following statement shows the number 
of warehouses and the capacity of each : 

■Warehouses. Capaci t v t)u. 

Stnrgis, Bucklnaiham &Co., A.. 70';.000 

StuPi-'ls, Biicklnaham & Co., B , 700,000 

AriEonr,Dole& Co S5i,000 

Armoar, Dole & Co Sun.Oi 

Munaer & Ariuour,^ 6tO,(CO 

Hiraiii Wheeler, I 51 1. .000 

Ctsas TTheeler, } (Hunger, Wheeler & Co.) 500.000 

W. L. Xewberry, SflO.ono 

George Sturgps, J 75.000 

O. Lunt & Bro 80,0i 

Howe & Kobbins 8(i.0(0 

Munn&Scott, IQ.W COC.nO) 

Munn & Scott, Old House 200,000 

Munn &Scoit, Union 900,000 

Mnnn&Scott, (Steele) 1,20^ .000 

Film & Thompson l,,'5ri.noo 

Flint & Thompson 750,0t0 

Total Cipacity 10,085,000 



liAKE TONNAGE. 

_ We give the following comparative statis- 
tics of the Lake Tonnage on the great Amtr- 
ican Lakes, as made up by the Board of Un- 
derwriters. The statement of 1803 is exhib- 
ited in detail, while the othersare aggregated. 
No statement of the tonnage of 1864 has yet 
been made up : 



LAKE TONNAGE. 



1863. 



^To. Tonnage. 

Steamers 124 51,5'.'2 

Propellers and Tuig .. 286 78,035 

Barques 143 63.r.51 

Brigs 85 24.142 

Schoonn> 1,C95 225,8IH 

Sloops K) -las 

Barges 121 26,091 

Total 1,870 470,034 

18G2 1,643 413,026 

I860 1,457 377,825 

ia47 452 91,243 

1S15. 880 16,000 



Vai 

fl,885. 

4. 389 

2,219 

,')88, 

7,262 

14 

362, 



ue 

.000 
,60') 
,500 
500 
000 
300 
,000 



$16,720,800 

13,257,020 
10,655,200 



I^AKE comulerce. 

OOMPABATIVK STATEMENT OF ABBrVALS AHD nTFOBTS 
BT LAKE. 



Vess-ls. 

1864 Mt.38 

1863 8 678 


Seamen. 

76.998 
76,619 

849 


Tonnage. 
2,172.866 
2,172,611 

255 


Inc. this year.... 260 



IKPOBTS. 

1863. 

Lumber, feet 892,800,000 

•Shingles, feet 152 435 000 

Lvth, feet 41,665000 

•S(|aare riml-er 5,0ii0,000 

i>d!ir Posts, \c< 5ri8,5v;0 

Ruilroaa Ties, pes 369,282 

Telegraph Poles 19,102 

Shingles Bolts & t-taves, cds 9,442 

Biirk, cds 9.338 

Fire Wood, cds 98,517 

Dry Goods, pkgj 6 474 

H irdwure, pkgs 55,357 

Stoves, pes 38,017 

Coal, tons 244,624 

*Liqnor8, c^sks 17,743 

Glti'-8,andOia8sn-are,bxs.. 26,880 

I rockery, crates 4,840 

Applesana Fruit, pkgs 179,738 

Fish, br's 5R,729 

•Sugar, hhds 12,458 

?ugar, bils 49,983 

*Syrnp and Molasses, casks. 23,679 

•!-a.t, bri? 775.057 

«S lit, sacks 179,182 

•sa't, t ns 7,017 

Groceries, piigs 103376 

Of articles marked with a * the import 
larger. 



1864. 

480,165,000 

133 3fi0,000 

63.806,009 

4,940,000 

576.971 

447,825 

37,465 

• 11,849 

12 350 

140.577 

19.328 

102.162 

125,017 

251, "38 

9,985 

36 619 

6,329 

113,659 

85,770 

7,131 

51,418 

14,950 

975,649 

30,404 

782 

175,993 

In 1863 was 



COMPABATIVE STATEMENT OF OLBAP.AKOES AND BX- 
POBTS BT LAKE. 



1864. 
1803. 



Vessels Cleared. 

8,824 

..8,457 



Inc. this year. . 



367 



Seamen. 
77,055 
76,332 

723 



Tonnaee. 
2.166 904 
2,161,221 

5.883 



BXPOBTS. 

1863. 1864. 

Wheat, bus 10,184,200 10,713,950 

Corn, bus 24,749,400 12 294,?25 

Barley, bus 617,600 173,425 

Outs, bus 5,696.873 12,098 009 

Rye.bus 572,850 774,950 

41 820,925 36,055,050 
AddFlot:r and meal, equal 

to, bushels 7,045,650 5,369,500 

Total 48,866,575 41,424,550 

Decrease in 1864, bus ,442,025 

Beef, brls 80.613 91,151 

Pork, bris 202,60 106854 

Lard, brls 69,768 45,260 

lal1ow,bris 6873 4,059 

Grea8e,lirls 3,404 1,636 

Ham, cask? 14,177 5,567 

Bacon, cusks 6,!508 1,736 

Total 383533 256,243 

Decrease in ls64, brls... 127,290 

Hay, bales 5,123 22,888 

Wool, bales.... a82 5.955 

Hemp, bales 546 1,504 

Hair, bales ra 1,073 

Seen, pkgs 7.1(<4 32,.564 

(■,11 Cakes pkgs 10,012 29,843 

I'utt.r, kefs 5,572 18,i97 

HlQhwines, oris 85 222 42.860 

Hiaes 75,902 136,364 



Foreign Imports and Exports by liake 
at Cbicago. 

Exports to Canada (for consumption 

there) ?4,653,779 

Imports from Canada, free of duty 130,178 

Dutiable imports from Canada paying 
duty at this port— value, $87,883; 
duty $39,926.28 



m£'»-^-* 



24 



Dutiable im])ort8 from Canada entered at 
this port in bond for other ports- 
value, .*5,105 ; duty •. 4,326. 

Dutiable aroods received in bond at this 
port— value, $113,(138; duty 45,101. 

Amount of 10c tonnage duty on vessels 
collected 10,913. 

Amou)t of Hospital money collected, 
bcint; 20c per month on seamen em- 
ployed on vessels registered here 3,585. 

Customs from other sources I,2i5. 



54 
04 I 
71 ' 



Total customs 55100,752.15 

The above shows the value of foreign goods im- 
ported at this port for the year 1864, aud the du- 
ticB received Inert- on. L. Haven. 



GKOWTH OF TSIi: CITY. 

_ It is absolutely impossible to describe or men- 
tion anything like the whole of the building ope- 
rations of 18B4 ; to give some idea of the magni- 
tude of the work, we append a tabular statement 
which, if anything, will be found to be below the 
mark: 

Buildings worth SIOO.OOO and upwards 4 

" " 30,000 " " .... ?5 

" " 10,000 " " 53 

" " 5,000 " " 200 

1,000 " " toO 

Dwellings and Bnildintrs of all kinds 8,000 

Total value of erections 4,700,000 

Churches 9 

Schools 2 

Halls and Public Buildings 4 

The table might be extended to an indetinite 
length, as ingenuity might suggest, but it is al- 
ready complete enough to give some idea of the 
magnitude of our exien.~ion8, and to impress upou 
the world that we CUicagoaus '-still live." 

EBAL KSTATE. 

The value of Ian.', inside the city has been fluc- 
tuating, on the increase during the year, but has 
not risen at any time m the same proportion as 
the staples. The demand has senerally been good, 
and at some periods it was impossible to satisfy it. 
The Spring saw the greatest excitement witnccsed 
since 1S56, witli prices largely above those of the 
precedin y four years. The demand was chiefly for 
inside improved rental property, and was ereatly 
in excess of the ajiount in the market. Jlillions 
of dollars could have been invested here if the 
property had been obtainable. That excitement 
subsided towards midsummer, and thenceforward 
operations were more quiet, though never dull. 
During the latte'half of the year the price of real 
estate has been steadily advancing, but has scarce- 
ly kept pace with yold The dem^and for residence 
property has continued unabated, and is now as 
good as ever. Outside property has rather slack- 
ened latterly. One .noticeable feature in these 
transactions, is that nineticn-twentieths of the 
purchases have been paid for in cash. 

PC«L,1C U'ORKS. 

The above are the results of individual or asso- 
ciative enterprise, the city his also largely im- 
proved in its corporative capacity. Our Board of 
Public Works and Common Council have during 
the past year authorized, commenced and finished 
very mnch that is of benefit to the city The la- 
bor of reforming ourselves in this respect is pe- 
culiarly a diflicnlt one, owin» to the situation. 
Our low, liat position is exceedingly unfavorable to 
civic comfort or convenience. Our old residents all 
rememb,.M- the lime when the whole country around 
us was a swamp, scarcely better than the Calumet 
of to-day; the work of redeeming it to a passaldy 
dry location has only been accomplished by the 
tediou« operations of street fillini;, conterapora- 
neons elevations of grade and sinking of diiClies. 
Then the large extent of territory in proportion to 
the population, which our cosmopolitan avarice 
has secured, gives us a world of work t'l do. We 
have over twenty-four square miles of territory 
embraced within our city limits, scarcelv 
less than a whole section to each thousand 
men of proper age to earn money and 
pay taxes for improvement. This 

scattering of the people, while it is undoubtedly 
favorable to a healthy ventilation, is terribly in 
the way of sy.stematic speedy improvement. 'But 
we have accomplished wonders. Our principal 



thorouehfares have all been lifted from the mnd, 
properly drained, supplied with gas and water, the 
old rotten planki= removed, and in their stead the 
substantial "iNicholson" laid. Our rivers have 
been bridged, and a tunnel talked of. We can now 
almost walk on dry land in the most central pi.rtion 
of the city, while but a few year? since the shoot- 
ing of water fowl from the steps of the Tremont 
was a common pastione. During the past twelve 
months, though burdened w ith ihe supi ort of the 
war, we have sroadily labored in the improvement 
of the city, having done even more than in former 
years. 

DRAlNAQr. 

The following table sh >ws the number of lineal 
feet of sewerage of the different sizes, and the 
number of catch-basins laid in each Division of 
the city in 18C4: 

Description. So. Div. No. Div. W.Div. Total. 

Five feet -iOS 793 

Three feet 1430 453 1873 

Two and a hdf.. '>7fi7 4767 

Two feet- •--.... 4639 3372 57S1 13791 

One foot !)84 1517 516 3047 

Basins 62 48 78 183 

Grand total : 24,V72 lineal feet of sewerage, or 
more than four and a half miles. 

STREET IMPROVEMENT. 

The greatest dChievement in this direction has 
been the pavius of Lake street from the river to 
Halsled with Nicholson pavement. The street 
now pre'ents one unbroken line of first-class road 
from the lake shore to Union Park, a distance of 
two miles, and of very good traveling road thence 
to the city limits. Other streets would have been 
subjected to the same process, but for the illegality 
of the afsessment roll- prepared for that pui-pose. 
But many other streets have been partially im- 
proved, and fully twenty-two miles of "idtwalks 
have been constructed. The sidewalks ordered 
during the year were: In the South Division, 
about sis miles; North, six; and in the West Di- 
vision, nearly twelve miles; ^otal, nearly twenty- 
four miles. Seventy-six lamp posts have been 
ereclod; the number woud have been much 
greater, but tor the enormous quantity set up dur- 
ing the year preceding. 

Under this head we may mention the removal of 
the old West Market, on Randolph street, between 
Desplaines and Union. The site is filled up, and 
next year the street will be raised to grade from 
the river to Halsted, aud the rails of the car tracks 
laid parallel. 

WATER SIJTPLY. 

Very nearly thirteen miles of water pipe have 
been laid in the city durins- the year, of all sizes. 
The principal work in this' direction has been the 
laying of a two foot main along Wabash avenue, 
from Adams to Twenty-Second street, a distance of 
two miles less two blocks; this was accomplished 
at an expenditure of nearly $150,000, and is a great 
public convenience. 

That magnillcent undertaking, the lake tunnel, 
intended to sujjply the city with pure water from 
the interior of Lake Mictiigan, has satisfactorily 
progressed durintr the year under dilljculties 
financial and otherw")se. The excavation has 
reached a distance of about one quarter of a mile 
from the shore shaft, and the crib is all ready for 
sinking two miles out in the like, when the 
weather of spring shall permit. The worh will 
then be prosecued from both ends of the tunnel. 
The excavation was commenced at 3 p. m. May 
2fith, and has sufl'ercd an intermission of about one 
month, while the pumps and larger machinery 
were being fixed. This gives a dear working 
time of six months for one quarter of a mile. Al- 
lowing another six months before the crib is 'iink, 
and double progress thereafter, the work will be 
completed— at past speed— in two years from tho 
present time, or the end of 1866. 

It never rams but it pours. For years the peo- 
ple of Chicago have been growling about their 
water supply, and growing more and more de- 
spondi'Ut^ver its increasing blackness. At last, 
when the evil hid become unenduable, it wt" de- 
termined to tunnel out under the bike. Now that 
that magnificent undertaking is fairly umlcr way, 
we have found an abundance of pure water else- 
where ; not perhaps cnoutrh to supply the city 
under the most lavorable circumstances, nor suffi- 
ciently reliable to build on exclusively, but still 



25 



in Buch quantity and of such purity, that hart the 
"artesian" been sunk two years ago, the tunnel 
■would not in all probability have been bctrnn. 
The source of this, to us, unique flow is probably 
in the region of Kock Hiver— it may be fed from 
the bed of that stream, lying as it does, one hun- 
dred and sixteen feet above the level of our Inke, 
from which a stratum of sandstone dips towards 
us. just the thing for carrying a stream down ita 
Blope ; the borers would seem to have reached 
that sandstone. The water which run* out at the 
rate of half a million gallons per day is pure and 
soft. 

THE HARBOR. 

The work done on the harbor this year has been 
only a partial carrying out of a grand improve- 
ment—the extension of the North Pier four hun- 
dred feet. The term? of the contract were— we 
believe — that the extension should be completed 
this year, but it has been found impossible to con- 
struct more than about eighty feet. The timbers 
are ail ready for fixing in the other portion. 

During the year 53,4ia cubic yards of sand (and 
mud) have been dredged irom the moutii of the 
river, independent of the dredging for the pier. 
A good channel has been found near the light- 
house, enabling most vessels to avoid the dongers 
of the old channel, and saving a great deal of 
money in the item of expense for tugs. Dredges 
here, too, have been at work extensively in the 
river, especially at Bridgeport, but the work has 
been done at the cost of individuals or firms own- 
ing dockage, and we have no means of ascertaining 
the amount. We must not here omit reference to 
the improvement made by the South Branch Dock 
Company, whose extensive docks of more than 
four niil'js frontaae have been partially set in op- 
eration daring the year, and cailroad tracks laid 
connecting them through the track of the 0. 6. & 
Q. road with all the railroads running into the city. 

BRIDGES. 

The old rotten bridge at Randolph street, tiav 
ing done its duty, has been removed, and given 
way to a new, more substantial structure. We 
want the same thing done in a few other places. 

The proposition to tunnel the South Branch at 
Washin^cton street is meeting with increased fa- 
vor. Estimates of its cost have been made, and 
the indications are that ere long the contract 
•will be made for its construction. It will much 
relieve ihe tide of travel over the bridges, and 
save the immense amount of time now consumed 
in stoppages in that vicinity. 

FIRE ALARM TELEGRAPH. 

One of the most important enterprises of the 
year, has been the adoption and commencement 
of the Fire Alarm Telegraph in our city. Early 
in tbe year, the contract for its construction wa"s 
awarded to John F. Kennard & Co., of Boston and 
Philadelphia. The work w-as commenced in the 
summer, on the plan already detailed by us, and, 
according to ""ontracl, must be completed by the 
15th of May, 1S65. From the present progress of 
the work, there is every probability that it will be 
finished before that time. There are already 
about 125 miles of wire laid down— indeed, the 
whole IS hung, with the exception of the connec- 
tions with the cupola of the Court House, and a 
short length running thence to the river, which 
has be<n detained by the erection of the Chamber 
of Commerce, and other buildings in the vicinity. 
Of the 105 miles, forty-five are in the South Di- 
vision, fifty in the West, and thirty in the North. 

It yet remains to lay the river cables connecting 
the wires of the three divisions of the city, and to 
construct ana fix the 116 lire boxes and stations. 

This worii, v.hen completed, will materially re- 
duce the amounts now lost yearly by fire, furniih- 
ing the means of giving instantaneous and precise 
notice of a fire and its location. There will be 
another, not small, advantage: the crowds now 
drawn to the scene of a fire by the sound of the 
Court House bell, will oe wanting ; the alarm will 
be silent to all save those who are wanted to as- 
sist. It will also be invaluaT)le as a police tele- 
fraph, by which information of losses, robberies, 
isturbances, &c., can be instantly transmitted to 
and from the central station. 

KAIL, ROADS. 

Chicago has just claims to be considered the 
center of the railway ss'stem of tbe continent. 
There is scarcely a respectable railroad in the 



country that does not seek to effect a connection 
more or less direct with some one of the great 
lines which make Chica-.'O an Eastern or Western 
terminus. There are those in the city whose resi- 
dence does not date further hack than 1S40, who 
remember that our railroad system, concerning 
whose extent and magnitude we now felicitate 
ourselves so grandly, consisted of a single line 
extending from Chicigo to Elgin, whose track 
was laid with strap iron and whose roUini' stock 
and appointments were of the most inferior, and 
what would now be c msidered the most worthless 
character. Mark the change— a score of miles 
then and thousands now. 

A glance ai the map of f llinois, then and now, 
will reveal th 3 wondrous change that fifteen years 
have wrought. Then the map presented uneven 
surface, marked only by county and town divi- 
sions and wa-er courses. Now it is cross 'd and 
dotted with lines throughout its entire length and 
breadth, representing as many railroads, all by 
connection or otherwise centering in Chicago. 
The map of Illinois now looks like a checker- 
board. 

From such a comparison we may readily arrive 
at some iust idea of the astonishing increase of 
commerce and travel which makes such increase 
of railroad facilities necessary and profltible. In- 
crease of commerce as naturally follows an in- 
crease of railroads, as an increase of railroads is 
demanded by an increasing commercial prosperity. 
If there were no great lines to carry off our sur- 
plus products and the throng of passengers that 
visit our city, we should still be in our non-asre. 

The propositions naturally deducible from the 
foregoing are, that the true interest of our city 
lies infosterinc: and extending our railroad sys- 
tem, and that the true interest of our railroads is 
to foster ard aggresate our commercial import- 
ance. With two such powerful interests working 
each to extend the other and benefit themselves, 
It is impossible to place a limit to the futura .great- 
ness of Chicago. So long as there is no dishing, 
and from the very nature of the case there can be 
none, this city will increase with every rolling 
year, until she -hall fill her destiny, and iiecome 
the first inland city on the continent, both in point 
of population and in the extent of her commercial 
transactions. 

Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin and Minnesota, the 
northern half of Missouri, and the yet undeveloped 
region lying west of the Missouri, are the sources 
upon which Chicago must depend for her future 
growth and prosperity, and all those ent.M-prise3 
which either lay that region under contribution 
or propose to do so, should he industriously fos- 
tered and encouraged. Already Chicago is the 
greatest primary gram market in the world, and 
second to none in respect to her pacldno' inter- 
ests. And vet, but 1.5.000,000 of the .^5.0011,000 of 
acres iu Illinois, 8,000.000 of the 50,000,0(0 of acres 
in Iowa, 8,000,000 of the 50,000,000 of acres in Wis- 
consin, .3,000,000 of the 40.000.000 of acres in Min- 
nesota, 3,000,000 of the 37.000,000 of acres in Mis- 
souri, and not more than 2,000,000 of the hundreds 
of millions of acres in the vast territory west of 
the Missouri river are under cultivation. 

It requires no prophetic ken to fortell the_ com- 
mercial greatness of Chicago, when all this im- 
mense region shall have been subdued and culti- 
vated and settled by an industrious population, 
and penetrated by the lines of railroad now pro- 
gressing and projected. Then Chicago will he- 
come the market whence the world vaU dr>iw its 
supplies. Sparsely settled as all this region is, 
and producinir scarce a tiihe of what it is capable 
of producing, we are already able to export large 
quantili'-s of breadstufi's to Europe, and to furnish 
the armies of every christian nation on the face of 
the earth with our provisions. What cnnnot we 
do in this direction when the 2,0 0,000 now en- 
gaged in destructive wars shall become producers, 
when swords "shall be beaten into plow shears 
and spears iuto pruning hooks," and war shall be 
known no more in all the land ? 

It will be seen by reference to the following sta- 
tistics that there is a very general increase in the 
earnings of the difierent railroads. It does not 
follow from such increase that the n't p>'o>fts of 
the roads are proportio .ately increased. Tt should 
not be forcrotton that every if,em entering into the 
expenses of op-rating have appreciated in far 
more than equal ratio. For inatance railroad iron 
Which in 1861 could be purchased for f 40 to 3^48 per 



26 



ton is now worth f 120, and wages and other items 
of expense have increased in almost the same pro- 
portion. „, g, 4 jj. I. R. R. 

During the tsvelvu-nionth now passed,. the earn- 
ings of the Michigan Soulhurn and Northern Indi- 
ana Railroad have rertcbud the estimated enormous 
aggregate ol' $4,05U,00O, of which nearly 
$200,000 have been paid b.v the United States 
Orovenimenc lor the transportation of soldiers and 
the carriage of munUions ol war. How numerous 
the poldn'rs tran=p<)rti'd, may be inferred from the 
fact that the rate Daid tiy the Government is about 
one-third of that paid "by the ordinary business 
traveler. This .?4,050,0(l{f is equal to 50 per cent 
increase upoii tbe business and earnings of the 
year 1863, a degree of increase indicative of a 
sound financial condition. The additions to the 
rolling -toek for the year have been 10 engines 
and iOU fnit;ht cass. Of accidents there, has been 
but one of importance, and no consolidations or 
extensions, or official chanires. The following is 
the pret'ont management of the road : 

Prki<i(U})(—7ll. L. Sikes, Jr., Chicago, 111. 

r>Ya«M7'(r— Henry Keep, Toledo, Ohio. 

Gen-ral Svpt.—U. H. Porter, Chicago. 

Vhuf Engineer— Char\es Paine, Laporte, Ind. 

Supt. E. IHv.—Chns. ¥. Hatch, Adrian, Mich. 

Supt. W. Div.—\Xm-F. Staunton, Laporte, Ind. 

Gen^l Pass. Agent— C. P. Le and, Toledo, Ohio. 

ConiH Frnght Agffit— CM. Oray, Chicago. 

Western Pass. Agent— S. C. Hough, Chicago. 

MICHIGAN CENTRAL RAILROAD. 

The Michigan Central Railroad was projected 
and built by the State of Michisan, from Detroit 
to Ypsilanti, in 1842. Between that time and 18-17 
it was completed to Kalamazoo, and laid with 
strap iron. In 1847 the present corporation pur- 
chased of the State the rights and franchise, laid 
the road with T rail and completed it to New Buf- 
falo, from which point passengers and freight 
were brought to Chicago by steamer. In 1852 the 
line was completed to Chicatro and the steamers 
yrithdrawn. In this connection it will be interest- 
ing to reproduce an advertisement concerning th's 
road, published in 1843. It is in words and figures 
as follows : 

Chicago and Detroit. 

"Through In 89 Hours, (ruonins time,) hv the Cen- 
tral Khl.road Mnil Liue. 'Jhe clieap- st, sHfpt-t, and 
most exL'ef'.iiious route to ilw Eis', being 36 hours 
quicker than by the Liikc route. The stt^amboat will 
leave Chic -go daily, (Sundays exc.epte'1.) at 8 o clock, 
a. ni., arriving at St. Josepli, 6Q miles, at 4 p. m., same 
oay ; lev st Joseph ar 5 p. m., in eoachcs ; arrive at 
Jackson at 7 p. m., ntxt diy ; leave Jackson, in HaU- 
road carfi, at 8 a. m., and arrive in !)• troit, 80 miles, at 
2 p.m. On arriving at St. .Josiph from Detroit, pas- 
8rn2ors goon board a steamboat which brings iheni to 
Chicaifo, thus nvoMing any delay ct St. Jos-ph. This 
rouie was established at a great e.i-/iense in 184'.', and its 
success Warrants the proprietors la extending the fa- 
cilities lor 1S48." 

This sounds strangely to those of our readers 
who are accustomed to step into" luxurious coach- 
es in Chicago at night, and awake in Detroit in the 
morning. 

The estimated gross earnings of the Michigan 
Cenlral Railroad for the year 1864, are ^3,880,000. 
Of this amount probably not over 8^100,00(1 were 
received from Government for the transportation 
of soldiers. The per centage of increase over the 
earnings of the year 1863 is about 25 per cent. The 
additions to the rolling stock have been equal to 
10 per cent of the whole amount in use. Of ex- 
tensions and consolidations there have been none, 
and ol accidents none. The following is the 
present management : 

Presidents. W. Brooks, Boston, Mass. 

General Superintemlent—B,. N. Bice, Detroit, 
Mich. 

Assistant Superintendent— C. H. Hurd, Detroit, 
Mich. 

General A/jenf—U. E. Sargeant, Chicago. 

General Ticket Agent— 'Y]iom&& Frazer, Detroit. 

General Western Passenger Agent— R. C. Went- 
worth, Chicago. 

CHICAGO AND MILWAUKEE R. R. 

This railroad is the consolidated road running, 
under a charter obtained from the State of Illinois, 
from Chicago to the Wisconsin State line, and 
from thence to Milwaukee, under a charter ob- 
tained from the Stitte of Wisconsin. Its entire 
lengta is 85 miles. The road was commenced in 
1864, and finished during the succeeding year. I 



There have been no extensions or consolidations 
during the year that has pa.ssed. It is said, how- 
ever, that the Chicago & Northwestern road has 
obtained the con trollin;; interest in this, as in very 
many other roads running out of Chicago, and that 
the time is not far distant when it will form part 
ana parcel of that ImiL'hty corporation. The se- 
lection of Geo. L. Dunlap. Esq., as General Super- 
intendent in place ol Mr. Baldwin, the former in- 
cumbent, is sullicienlly indicative of the intention 
oftbe stockholders. The estimated earnings of the 
Chicago & Milwaukee Railroad for the year, are 
$665,0U0, an increase over the earnings of • 863 of 
25 per cent. Of this amount probably not more 
than $30,00(1 was received from the "Government 
for transportation of troops and material. The 
additions to the rolling stock have been 
slight— not more than enough to keep the 
same good. During the "year there has 
have been but two accidents of moment— one at 
VVaukegan and one at Kenosha. In neither were 
passengers injured. The following is the present 
Board of Officers : 

i¥««lrfera<— Alexander Mitchell, Milwaukee 

Vice President— n. W. Blodgett, Wankegan. 

General Superintendent— George L. Dunlap, 
Chicago. 

Superintendent and General Freight Agent— C. 
C. Wheeler, Milwaukee. 

Secretary and Treasurer— A. S. Downs, Chicago. 

CHICAGO AND ALTON RAILROAD. 

The portion of whaf is known as the Chicago 
and Alton Railroad really belonging to the Com- 
pany is that embraced between Joliet and Alton. 
The Joliet and Chicago Railroad, and the Alron 
and East St. Louis Railroads, of which the Chicago 
and Alton Road hold perpetual leases, gives the 
company their termini. This last will open for 
travel on the 1st of January, ;86=i. Until then the 
trains pass over the Alton and Terre Haute Rail- 
road to St. Louis. 

The Chicago and Alton Railroad was built under 
two charters— the first to the Alton and Sangamon 
Railroad, granted Feb. 27th, 1847, and the second 
to the Chicago and Mississippi Railroad, granted 
June 19, 1852. In 18: 5 the name of the Cotnpany 
was changed to that of the Chicago, Alton and St. 
Lduis Railroad, and in 18 7, to that of the St. Louis, 
Alton and Chicago Railroad, and again in 1862 to that 
of the Alton and Chicago Railroad. The Alton and 
Sangamon Railroad from Alton to Springfleld, 
seventy-one and one-half miles, was completed 
in 1853. The Chicago and Mississippi Railroad, 
from Springfield to Joliet, 148 miles, was complet- 
ed in July, 1854. For the sake of having a nor- 
thern terminus at Chicaj'o, the company leased of 
the Chicago and Rock Island Railroad their track, 
or rather the right to run over their road to this 
city. In 1857, the Joliet and Chicaeo road was 
built under a charter of its own, and an arraug- 
ment was made with that company for the passage 
of trains, which remained in force until Jan. 1, 
1864. At this time a perpetual lease of this road 
was agreed upon, upon the following terms : The 
Joliet and Chicago Railroad gave the Chicago and 
Alton Railroad 5,000 shares of stock and the per- 
petual and sole use and control of the line from 
Joliet to Chicago, and the Chicago and Alton 
guar.anteed forever a 7 per cent dividend upon 
$1,500,000 of Chicago and Joliet stock, and agreed 
to pay 8 per cent interest on the §500,000 mortgage 
bonds of the Chicago railroad. The line between 
Alton and St. Louis is fast approaching comple- 
tion, and the first train will pass over the road on 
the Ist of January, 1865. The present road is 280 
miles long. Its estimated earnings for the year 
1864 are ^2,018,620, an increase over the business 
of 1863, of 60 per cent. Of this amount over f 300,- 
000 was received from the United States Govern- 
ment for the transportation of soldiers and mate- 
rial. The additions to the rolling stock are eijual 
to 6 per cent. There have been no accidents 
whereby a passenger has been injured. 

The following are the officers ot the company. 

President.— T. B. Blackstone, Chicago. 

Secretary and Treasurer.— Wm. M. Larrabee, 
Chicago. 

G(neral Superintendent.— TS.oheTt'Ea.\e, Chicago, 

A.t.nstant Siiperintendents.—S. H. Knight, J. C. 
McMullin, Alton. 

General Freight Agent.— H. C. Wicker, Chicago. 

General Passenger Agent.— C. N. Pratt, Chicago. 

Chief Engineer.— 0. Chanute, Chicago. 



27 



CHICAGO, BTTRLINGTON & QUDTOT E. B. 

The Chicigo, Bnrlington & Quincy Railroarl is 
one of thf moet prosperons, anrl has the ropnta- 
tion of lieing one of the best Tnanacred railroads iu 
the conntryrit extenrls from Chicaaro lo Oalesbnrir. 
from which place branches tap the Missisgip^n 
both at Hiirhuston and Quincy. At La Prnine 
another branch extends to Keoknk, connecting 
with the Keokuk and Des Moines Railroad. The 
same corporation operates the road from Gales- 
bnr? to Peoria, and^from Yates City to IiCwiston, 
Fulton County. The railroad and branches oper- 
ated by it are fully 400 miles long. It was bcirun 
in 185-2 and completed in 1861. The estimated 
earnings for 1864 are !S5,109,575, of which probably 
?60,000 was received for the transportation of sol- 
diers and material. This amount is an increase of 
88 per cent over the business of 1863. The addi- 
tion to the rolling-stock during the year have been 
egnal to 8 per cent. With the exception of the 
disaster at Slendofci in September, there have been 
no accidents during the year. How larsroly 
the Chicago, Burlinjrton and Quincy co.iporation 
contributes to the support of the Government, 
may be inferred from the fact that, upon the items 
of dividends alone, they have paid an income tax 
of 167.000. 

The following is the present Board of oiBcers: 

President— John Van Nortwiek. 

Secretary and Treasurer— Amos T. Hall. 

General Superintendent— C G. Hammond. 

Assistant Superintendents— Rdhert Harris, H. 
Hitchcock, C. W. Mead, A. N. Towne. 

General Frexght Agent— Renry Martin. 

General Ticket Agent— ^a.m\\e\ Powell. 

Traveling Agent— Georse R. Reed. 

Purchasing Agent— 3. R. Nichols. 

ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD. 

This is one of the longest continuous lines of 
road under the control of a single corporation in 
the United States, its entire length being 706 miles. 
We believe the Chicago and Northwestern Rail- 
way line only is longer. This road traverses the 
whole State from north to south, intersecting in 
its course every railway in the State. From Cairo 
the road pursues a course nearly north 111 miles to 
Centralia, and there branches, one section pursu- 
ing a northeasterly course to Chicago, and the 
other northerly to Mendota, and thence north- 
westerly to Dunleith, opposite Dubuque. The 
main line has been in operation eightyears, and 
the branches less than seven. To aid "in its con- 
struction, the General Government granted 2,595,- 
000 acres of land, consisting of every alternate sec- 
tion for six sections in width on each 
Eide of the road and branches, of 
which 2,000,fi00 acres are appropriated 
to secure the payment of .?17,00n,000 of construc- 
tion bonds, 260,000 acres to secure the payment of 
the interest on these bonds, and .345,000 acres to 
to secure the payment of $3,100,000 of Free Land 
Bonds. 

The estimated earnings of the road for 1864 are 
S6,3i'7,350, which is an increase over the business 
of 1863 of 72 per cent. The additions to the roll- 
ing stock in 1864 have been : 8 locomotives, 6 pas- 
senger and -99 freight and other cars. 

The Land Department of this road exhibits a 
decree of prosperity fully equal to that which pre- 
vades the traffic department, as shown by the fol- 
lowing figures : 
Acres sold from Jan. 1, 1864, to Jan. 1, 

. 1865 265,562.46 

Amount realized from same §2.914,627.84 

Cash collected since Jan. 1, 1864 v,.500,000.00 

Construcrion bonds cancelled in all. . 3,660,000.00 
Construction bonds cancelled since 

Jan.l, 1864 1,189,000.00 

For these tht; company paid in cash. . 1,426,800.00 
Amount on hand applicable to expen- 
ses and dividends, &c 1,073,20^.00 

This is a gratifying exhibit, and entirely credita- 
ble to the officers of the road. These are as fol- 
lows : 

President— W. H. Osborn. 

Besident Director— S. M. Douglas, 

General Superintendent—'^ . R. Arthur. 

Assistant General Snperimtndent—IA. Hughitt. 

Superintendent Northern Mcision—J . C. Jacobs. 

General Freight Agent— Uohert Forsyth. 

General Passenger Agent— Vf. P. Johnson. 

Chief Engineer— h. H. Clarke. 

Land Cot/.missioner—'W . M. Phillips. 

Superintendent Vhicago Diciaion—^. M, Ave ry 



OmOAGO AND NORTHWESTERN B. R. 

This corporation has, since the 1st of June, 
1864, gained control of the following roads, which 
are divided in divisions, and are of the lengths in- 
dicated below: 

Wisconsin Division. 
Chicago and Northwestern Railway— 
From Chicago to I't. Howard, 

Wis., \Opposite Green Bay. . .242 miles 
From Kenosha, W is., to Rock- 
ford, HI 73 " 

316 miles 

Galena Division. 
Galena and Chicago Union R. R.— 
From Chicago to Fulton, 111... 133 miles 
From Junction, 111., to Free- 
port, HI 91 " 

Beloit and Madison Branch — 
From Belvidere, 111., to Madi- 
son, Wis 70 " 

Fox River Valley Line — 
From Elgin, 111., to Richmond, 
HI. ••■ H " 

333 miles 

Iowa Division. 
Chicago, Iowa & Nebraska R. R.— 
From Clinton, Iowa, to Cedar 

Rapids, Iowa 83 miles 

Cedar Rapids & Missouri River 
R. K. — 
From Cedar Rapids, Iowa, to 

Nevada, Iowa 93 " 

181 miles 

Peninsula Division. 
Peninsula R. R. — 
From Bay de jNoque, Michi- 
gan, to iXegaunee, Michigan 60 miles 

Total length 889 miles 

Of the earnings of the consolidated line we can 
only report since June. The actual earnincs from 
June let to December 1st, 1864, together with ttie 
estimated earnings for the month of December, 
amount to ?4,237,18).83, of which it is estimated 
that .?50,000 were received from the Government 
for the transportation of troops and supplies. Du- 
ring this period adcTirions have been made to the 
rolling stock of the corporation as follows: 13 lo- 
comotives, 5 passenger cars, 4 baggage cars, and 
150 box freight car.s. No passengers have been 
killed, hut several have been injured through care- 
lessness in getting on and off the trains while in 
motion. 

The following is the Board of Officers : 

President— Wm- B. Ogden. 

Vice Presiclent—F. H. Smith. 

GenH 8uperlntende,nt—Ge.o. L. Dnnlap. 

Director of Galena TJiiision—V^m. H. Ferry. 

Chief Engineer— 'E.. B. Talcott. 

Secretary— Same?' R. Young. 

Treasurer — George P. Lee. 

CHICAGO & ROCK ISLAND R. B. 

The Chicago & Rock Island Railroad was com- 
menced in 1852, and finished in 18^4. It extends 
from Chicago to the Mississippi, at Rock Island, 
where it connects with the Mississippi & Missouri 
Railroad, by a bridge across the river. During the 
year which has passed there have been no consoli- 
dations or extensions. The length of the main 
line is 182 miles, and the Peoria branch 46 miles— 
228 miles altogether. The estimated earnings of 
the road for 1S64 are $3,04.5,130.41. The estimated 
increase of earnings over the year 1863 are 57 per 
cent. The additions to the rolling stock during 
the year were 113 box, 36 Hat, and 14 stock cars. 
These were built in the Company's shops. During 
the year, nine persons were killed and three 
wounded. The following are the officers of the 
road and branch : 

President— G. W. Durant. 

President— P. & B. V. R. R.— T. C. Durant. 

Vice President— Sua, F. Tracy. 

Gen'l Superinteiident W. L. St. John. 

AssH Superintendent—'^ . H. Whitman. 

Treasurer—^. W. Dunham. 

Secretary— F. H. Tows. 

Cashier— F. D. Sherman. 

GenH Freight Agent— Levns Viele. 

GenH Ticket Agent— F. St. John. 

CHICAGO AND CINCINNATI AIR LINE RAILROAD. 

The Chicago and Cincinnati Air Line prorer, is 
the hue from Richmond, Indiana to Logansport, 
Indiana. At the latter pluceitis connected with the 



28 



PittsTinrsr and Fort Wayne Railroad at Valparaiso 
by the Chicairo and Cincinnati line- lT])onthe 
completion of the track at prci5ent buildin; be- 
tween L'lCrosse and Chicago, that portion between 
Valparaiso and LaCrossc will be abandoned, and 
cars will run direct to Chicago. This last, strip of 
road be'ongs to what is known as the Chica','0 and 
Great East'-rn Railroad Company, and will be ope- 
rated by the Cincinnati and Chicago Air Line 
Company. It will be completed to Chieaeo Janu- 
ary l.'jth, and thrown open to general traffic on the 
1st of February, 18G3. This corporation has? se- 
cured from the Northwestern R;nlroad Company, 
the entire use of the Passenger Depot on Wells 
street, now occupied by the Galena Division of 
that road— !he trains nsin? it being about to be 
transferred to the Korihwestern Depot on Canal 
and Kinzie streets. The Cincinnati and Chicairo 
Air Line Company, will after the 1st of February 
be able to ticket passengers through direct to Bal- 
timore and Washington. 

Geogriphically, this is the shor* line to Balti- 
more, the second short line to the Eastern States, 
and the short line to Cincinnati, During the last 
year it has done no Eastern business, lor the want 
of a terminus in Chicago which it could control. 
Notwi'hsiauding the'se disadvantages, it has 
doubled the earnings of the preceding year. When 
its connection with" Chicago shall have" been made, 
it will doubtless tnke front rank with the great 
competing Eastern lines. 

The number of miles at present operated by this 
coruoration is 215. The estimated value of the 
earnings we have not been able to obtain, except 

generally, as above stated. During the year there 
ave been purchased of rolling stock for the road 
six locomotives and 200 freight cars. Twi-he pas- 
senger and fifty freight car.s are now building at 
Clinton. Iowa. Of accidents during the year tHere 
have been none. No person has ever been killed 
since the road was operated, and but one slightly 
in.iured. 

The followin? is the present management : 

Presid-nt-Wm. B. Judson, New York. 

Vice P/'fi.iident— Henry Iilorgan. New York. 

Snperintfndent— 3 ohn Brandt. Jr., Chicni/O. 

Assistant Supfrinttndent—T. J. Nixon, Eich- 
mond, Ind. 

General Ticket Agent— :H. H. Walker, Kich- 
mond, Ind, 

Geiifral Freight Agent— H. J. Page, Chicago. 

PITTSBUKO, FT. WAYNE AND CHICAGO BAILROAD. 

This line was commenced at the boundary line 
between the States of Pennsylvania and Ohio. Ju- 
ly 4, 1849, by the Ohio and Pennsylvania Railroad 
Companv, incorporated by an act of the Legisla- 
ture of Ohio and by a concurrent act of the Legis- 
lature of Pennsylvania. The entire track was 
laid and the road opened for use between Pitts- 
huri: and Crestline, a distance of 187 miles, April 
11, 1853. Crestline was thus then made the west- 
ern terminus of the road in view of the certainty 
that the line would be practically carried to the 
western boundary of Ohio by the building of the 
Ohio and Indiana Railroad in the direction of Fort 
Wayne, and the buildinir of the Bellefonfciine and 
Indiana Railroad in the direct' on of Indianapolis. 
On the 2^th of Januarv, 16'v2, the Directors award- 
ed to Mitchell & Co., the rontract for buildiug the 
road from Crestline to Fort Wayne, a distance of 
131 miles. So vigorously was the work prosecu- 
ted, that on the 1st of Novemoer, 1851, the road 
from Pit sburg to Fort Wayne was ready for use. 

The .mxiety then became general to have a west- 
em connection with Chicago, and the passage of 
an act was secured in the Illinois Legislature in- 
corporating the Fort Wayne and Chicago Railroad 
Company, thus givincr the Indiana corporation le- 
gal existence in this State. The location of this 
line was bCL'tm in 1852, and completfd to Colum- 
bia City, twenty miles from Fort Wayne, in Feb- 
ruary. 1856. 

At this time it became evident that to secure the 
early completion of the line to Chicat.'o some plan 
for harmonizing all interests and creatine: a unit in 
the management would have to be devise'd. A plan 
for the consolidation of these three torporailons 
into one was proposed r.nd adopted, and the Pitts- 
burg, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railroad Company, , 
whose existence dates from "AuiTHst 1st, 18.'(5, was i 
formed. Fortyfivemilesbetwecn Columbia City and 
Plymodth was completed on the 10th of November 
following, aua on the same day the ponion of the 



Cincinnati, Pern and Chicago Railroad between 
Plymouth and Laporte was also completed. So 
that, on that day, a line was opened between Pitts- 
burg and Chicago for the fratlic of the Northwest 
334 miles in extent. 

On the Istof January. 1857, the new company 
executed a mortgage on their entire property for 
SlO,000,i'('Oto .secure an issue of the same amount of 
thirty-year bonds— divided into two classes as fol- 
lows : *:3,.50O.00O Construction Bonds to be used in 
the construction and equipment of the road, and 
■*0,530,O0U Redemption Bonds to be usedm redeem- 
ing all the issues of the old corporation. 

In 185-1, the company was enabled to complete 
Its track to Chicago. In December 1bE9 the 
Bondhol 'ers commenced proceedings for fore- 
closure, and the property was placed in the hands 
of a Receiver. Soon after the whole property was 
sold, an I purchased in for the benefit of the credi- 
tors of all classes. A new corporation was created 
to hold the property. 

From the commencement of this great enter- 
prise in 1849, to the consummation of the plan of 
re-organization in 18H2, no creditor of the Com- 
pany Vas ever requirc-d to abate one dollar from 
any ju't claim; all such debt^, with intereat, have 
been paid in cash, or in the bonds of the Com- 
pany. 

The entire cost of the railway with its equip- 
ment, up to the 1st of January, 1 65, will not 
largely vary from ?2(i,000,0(i0. During the year 
1864 its estimated earulnss will reach a'tritle over 
$7,0 0,100, of which sum probably };l,(»00,iiOO has 
been received from Government for the transpor- 
tation of troops and supplies. The above earn- 
ings are 33 per cent in excess ofthe earnings lor the 
year 863. There have been no consolidations or 
extensions during the year, and few accidents. 
The additions to the rollin'j stock have been very 
large— how larjre we have no means of determin- 
ing, and consist of locomotive, passenger and 
stock cars. The following is the present Board of 
officers : 

Fiisident— Geo. W. Ca^s, Pittsburc, Pa. 

Yice-Prtsidint — Saml. Hanna, Fort Wayne, Ind. 

Superintendents, il, McCvllosj-h, Pittsburg, 
Pa. 

Chief Engineer —3 . B. Jervis, Pittsburg, Pa. 
■ Secretary— Vf . H Barnes, Pittsburg-, Pa. 

Asst. Secretary— ¥. M. Hutchinson, Pittsburg, 
Pa. 

Treasurer— 3 . P. Henderson, Pittsbure, Pa. 

C'omH and General Agent — J. H. Moore, Chicago. 

General Freight Agent— 3. J. Houston, Pitts- 
burg, Pa. 

G>ner(d Passenger Agent— Y. R. Myers, Pitts- 
burg, Pa. 

S-,pt. K. D.—Vfm. P. Shirn, Pittsburg. Pa. 

8upt. W. Z».— C, E. Gorham, Fort Wayne, Ind. 

HORSE RAILWAYS. 
The history ofthe railroad progre-s of Chicago 
during the year 18C4 would be incomplete were not 
mention made of our numerous street railways. 
These are operated and controlled by three dis- 
tinct corporations, one for each ofthe three grand 
divisions of the city. 

CUICAGO CITY K. W. 

The Chicago City Railway Company was incor- 
porated February 14, 1850. On the 25th of April 
immediately following, the cars were running to 
Twelfth street, and in June after to the city limits. 
During the month of October, 1S64, a branch track 
was laid up- n the Anher road from State streetto 
Stcwirt avenue. This branch will be completed 
to Bridgeport during the ensuing year. The 'Jotn- 
pany own 35 cars, 2f>5 horses and mules, and give 
employment to 200 men. It is estimated that the 
Stale Street and Archer Road Line have carried 
between the 1st of Jacuary, 18(54, anl 1805, a total 
of 3,451,340 passengers. The present dailyaverage 
is not far short of 12.000 passengers. At that rate 
the Company will transport about 4,5D0,(i0G pass- 
engers during the ensuing year. The olhcers of 
the Chicago City Railway are: 

Presid''nt — Samuel M. Nickrrson. 

Vice President — Ucury Fuller. 

Superintendtnt-QhMlcB II. Walker. 

Secretary and I'reasurer—Geo. W. Fuller. 

WEST DIVISION RAILWAY. 

The West Division Railway Company owns and 
operates the linos running west of Chicago River. 
The Madison Street line was constructed by the 



29 



old City Railway Companv as was also Randolph 
Street fine. The former" commenced running in 
June 1S5'J, and the latter in Au-^,ust, 1859. 

On the 1st of Auijust, 1S63 the City Railway Com- 
pany disposed of its interest in these two lines to 
the West Division Company, for .f30U,000. The 
new Company Immediately thereafter began the 
work of extension. A track was laid on Blue Is- 
land Avenue and cars were running to 12th street 
by Dec. 25, 1S63. 

Milwaukee Avenue was next laid under contri- 
bution, and on the 2d of June 1SG4 cars were running 
in the direction of Holstein. The Clinton and 
Jefferson street line was opened in October last. 
The Company owns 47 cars, 373 horses, and em- 
ploy 225 men. The estimated number of miles 
run during the year is 592,288. 

The tollowintrare theolUcers: 

PrfsidfM and Superintendent.— 3. R. Jones. 

Secretary and Treasurer— Wm. 11. Ovington. 

Assistant Superintendent.— J. K. Lake. 

NORTH CHICAGO CITY RAILROAD. 

This railroa t ismadeup of the following lines- 
The City Limits line constructed in 1859 ; the 
Sedgwick and iNorth avenue line constructed in 
1861"; the Clybourne avenue and Larrabee-st. line 
constructed in 1859 ; the Chicago avenue hue con- 
structed in 1859, and the Graceland line construct- 
ed in 1801. Upon the last named line extending 
from the city limits to Graceland, steam is used. 
A proposition is before the Common Council to 
allow the use of steam on the remainder cf the 
road. The company ha? lately completed shops 
for rebuilding and repairing their rolling stock, 
which will supply a want they have lung felt. 
The number of passengers carried by the North 
Division Railway average about 3,000 daily. They 
have about thirty cars, lliQ horses, and give em- 
ployment to 100 men. The following are the offi- 
cers of the company : 

President— 3. B. Turner. 

Secretary and Treasurer— Y. C. Turner. 

Superintendent— yi. L. Bristol. 



PROPERTY STATISTICS. 

The value of property in the city has rapidly in- 
creased within the jear. Tne tremendous sp«r 
fiven to all phases of business activity has en 
anced values in a remarkable degree. We repro- 
duce the following table of assessed values of real 
and personal estate and the amount of taxes paid 
Into the city treasury for a series of years, from 
the last report of the City Comptroller to the Com- 
mon Council. It mast not, however, be supposed 
that either coluam, but especially the second, ex- 
presses anything like the value of property, real or 
personal. Real values are almost invariably four 
times as large as the sums assessed, and this is es- 
pecially true now. The comparative values of real 
estate for lfe63 and '64 are perhaps nearly correct, 
as the value of land has not increased in the same 
ratio as all the items of personal property. But 
what shall be said of ibe Ijtter, when stocks of 
goods have been swelling and accumulating 
at an unprecedented rate, till now the 
stocks on hand of our wljplesale dry goods 
houses alone could not probably be pur- 
chased for that eleven and a half mil- 
lions? And the same remUrk would apply 
equally to some otter branches of trade. But look 
at even this exhibit: In 1840 the total valuation 
was less than a hundred thousand dollars; now, 
only twenty-four years afterwards, the civic taxes 
alone are more than ten times that amount, while 
the revenue taxes paid to the General Government 
largely exceed even those figures. The total value 
of the property in thi? city may safely be assessed 
at over one hundred and fifty millions, or about 
one thousand dollars to each man, woman and 
child within its limits— we admit that the distribu- 
tion is scarcely equal. 

MUNICIPAL VALUATION. 

The following is the table; it should be ob- 
served that it refers to the city alone : 

Tear. Real Estate. Personal. Total. Taxes. 

1837 % 236842 | $ 236 842 $ 5,905.15 

1840 94,437 94,437 4.721.S5 

1843 962..'21 479,093 1441,314 8,647 89 

1845 2.273,171 791,851 8,065,022 11,07758 

1846 3,664 425 857,231 4,521,656 15.825 80 

1847 4,995,446 853 704 5,849,170 18,159.01 

1848 4,998,266 1,302,174 6,300,440 22,051.54 

1849 5,181,637 1,495,047 6,076,684 30,043.00 



Year. Real Estate. Personal. Total. Taxes. 

1830 5,683 965 1,534,. 84 7,2>is '49 25,2;0.87 

18.53 13,130,177 3,711,154 16.S41 831 135,662.68 

1855 21,637.00 5,33\a>3 26,992 893 206,209.03 

1856 •«,S92.308 5 S43.776 81,736,084 396.6.52.39 

ISfiO 31,19S,lo5 5.8.")5,377 3;,l .53.512 3^3,315.29 

1S62 :-.l,.58.",.>t5 5 5->2,300 37,239,845 .5(>4,038.06 

1804 .37,148,0.3 11,584,759 4S,73,>,782 974,655.64 

The total city indebtedness of the present time 
is $3,836,795.39, of which amount $277,474.46 has 
been contracted during the year, now cloeing. 

COUNTY ASSESSMENTS. 

It has frequently been said that " Chicago is 
Cook county." This is scarcely true, though the 
cily does form by far the most important part. 
The following are the returns of property values 
in the county, iust compiled by the County Clerk, 
the last two columns being the amount of State 
and county taxes : 

lieal. Personal. St.ite. County. 
Total $.9,869,306 $ll,164,(j8.; $312,. 73 87 $2u8,465.54 

The following are the returns of the number 
and value of horses, cattle, and hogs, in the 
county, probably nearly correct for tlie district 
ouside of Chicago, but manifestly very far below 
the truth for the city : 

^Horses.— > ^Cattle. -^ ^Hogs.— > 

No. Vul. No. Viil. No. Val. 

Total 1C527 $002027 409u9 ?-383831 12731 123576 

The following are the returned number of 
sheep, and bushels of wheat, corn, and other 
grains in the county outside of the city: 

Sheep Wheal; Corn Miso 

No. Value, ba. bu. bu. 

Total 25,115 |46,9U3 22,169 30,2:24 52,845 

The aggregate valuation of vessels owned in the 
in the county is stated at$262.i 25. 

The following is the valuation and amount of 
taxes paid to State and County by the eleven 
Railroads running into the city. In the column of 
totals are included the town, war and school 
taxes : 

N.ime ofB. Valua. Slate. Count;-. Total 
C. <tMil.... $1.31.631 $987.24 *6:i8.15 $3,317.60 

C.&N 24'i,49o 1,348.6S 1.232.45 6,63'..20 

G.&C 015,'i9S 4,018.49 3,079.00 18,443.62 

C. &K. I... 315,720 2,367.90 l,.i7s.',0 7,484.01 

M ,■< 41,184 3US.89 20.-i.9.< 1,29S.05 

M.'C .• 158,013 1,183.10 790.07 3,530.26 

P.K.W.&.;.. 202,844 1,.521.31 l,014.-.i2 4,923.64 
C.A.&bt.L. 2.),000 187.50 125.' 541.25 

C.B.&Q.... 193,627 1,467.20 97d.l4 6,065.23 

Jol.XN. I.. 62,144 466.<i9 31ii.72 1,716.11 

Joliet&C.. 1.0,896 831.72 553.48 3,396.38 

Totil ^2,105,347 $15,790.12 $10,520.76 $57,349.85 

The total present indebtedness of the county Is 
about n. 4,000. 



INTERNAL. REVENUE. 

The following record, laboriously compiled 
from the records of the United States Assessor's 
office in this city, will show the amount of reve- 
nue realized by the Government from all sources 
during the year ending August 31, 1864, in the dis- 
trict embraced within the limits of Cook county. 
Ihe total IS an enormous one, and speaks more 
eloquently of the commercial importance of the 
District than words. We shall but echo the opin- 

September, 1863 $157,671.34 

October, " 186,708.96 

November " 144.228.63 

December, " 201,633.99 

January, 1864 173,152.74 

February, " 202,873.25 

March. " 237,745.32 

April, " 139,286.00 

May, " 456,2-.i9.09 

June, " 45:3,049.74 

July, " 140,148.58 

AugtJSt, " 84.7e2.03 

Annual income tax for 1864 639,848.90 

Total August, 31, 1864 13,617,338.57 

Total collected for year ending Aug. 
31,1864 1,510,410.38 

Increase for year ending Aug. 31, '64. $2,096,938.19 
Total collected for two years ending 
Aug.31,18M 5,127,748.96 



30 



The total amount of revenue derived from this 
collection district, during the fl?cal year, v^aa 
83,617.33^.57— liein^r an iucrcuse of ?2,n00,9i!8.19 
over that of the previous year. Taken in connec- 
tion with the city directory, our statistical tables 
exhibit some isintcnlar and instructive facts. The 
gross receipts of our horse and steam railroads 
were f6,707,i91.40. We have eighty-one merchant 
tailors, who annually manufuctnre clothing to the 
extent of f500,684. The advirtising columns of 
our forty-two newspapers report for taxution re- 
ceipts to the extent of :?196,8!)7. The m;mnfacture 
of furs amounts to *31,884 The sum of Sil7,71!).30 
was realized as the ta.xes on horned catilo, and 
$3-3,714.88 on hogs. The weakness of humanity is 
manifest when we state that $Ij'aO,{'48.65 were col- 
lected trom distillers of spirits. In the confec- 
tionery line, .iuvenile jChicago aided Uncle Sam to 
the extent of $43,9i0.53. Malt liquors were as- 
sessed i?f)5,2l0.81. Our auctioneers reported for 
one-fourth per cent taxation sales to the amount 
of ?o20,U40. Under the head of penalties for in- 
fraction of the revenue laws, we find the sum of 
$323. 45. Carriages are taxed 824,800. Gas yields 
S21,670'77. From iron manufacturers were drawn 
$21,173.37. The single article of oil yielded 114,- 
799.13. 

We have an average mortality list of 2S0 persons 
per month— greatly aided, no doubt by 234 practis- 
ing physicians. Their shadows are preserved to 
their friends through the eiforts ot 40 photograph- 
ic artists. Eight thousand new buildings received 
the attention of 95 proprietary carpenters. One 
hundred and two tobacco houses pay a revenue tax 
of $157,138.70. There are 1,79a licensed drays, car- 
riages, &e., and 1,125 licensed saloons. One hun- 
dred and thirty-six retiil boot and shoe houses 
furnish uuderslandings for our citizens. We have 
97 churches, 7 asylums, and 3 hospitals. '"Cleanli- 
ness being next to Godliness," we may announce 
the existence of 54 barber-shops and bath-rooms. 
Forty-five insurance agents compete with eleven 
banks and savings institutions. Seventy-two dress- 
makers give the lair sex fits. One hundred clergy- 
men perform the marriage ceremony, 3S printers 
issue nuptial cards, and 73 furniture dealers are in 
readiness to supply the fortimate man with house- 
hold fixtures. Five hundred and twenty-seven re- 
tail provision dealers compete for his custom. 
Twenty tugs patrol our harlior, and six Express 
Companies bring us the holiday fashions. 



NUIttERICAIi PROGRESS. 

We can scarcely note progress m this direction, 
owing to the absence of a regular census in 1863; 
Imt we can state a gigantic fact— rather loosely. 
The population of the city has been variously esti- 
mated at from 150,000 to 200,000, the latter being 
the calculation in Bailey's City Directory. The 
following is the census taken on tue 1st of October, 
by S. S. Hayes, the City Comptroller: 

CQ* 

OS " O to frt 

■S? St- £►. « 

^2 S'a fl'O o 

•a Pa go "3 

First Ward 11,278 2,755 790 292 

Second Ward 12,571 4,085 1,589 609 

Third Ward 14,-.i95 5,0:i2 1,838 983 

Fourth Ward 10.108 3,429 1,284 39 

FUthWard 8,803 4,023 1,719 2 

Total South Dlv'n. 56,955 19,385 7,229 1,941 

Sixth Ward 9,466 4,145 1,889 15 

Seventh Ward 13,834 5,194 2,969 15 

Elghtt Ward 7,523 3,597 1,577 9 

Ninth Ward 10,099 4,223 1,364 54 

Tenth Ward 11,138 4,098 1,432 73 

Eleventh Ward 12,604 5,008 1,968 20 

Twelfth Ward 8,811 3,965 1,723 4 

Total West Dlv'n.. 79,475 80,232 12,872 190 

Thirteenth Ward.... 6,341 2,913 1,288 2 

Fourteenth Ward... 5,245 2,463 1,073 

Fifteenth Ward 13,989 6.147 2,810 2 

Sixteenth Ward 13,348 4,S08 1,865 60 

Total North Dlv'n. 3S,923 10,3:^1 7,036 65 

South Division 56,955 19,;i'<5 7,2^9 1,941 

"West Division ■53,475 30,232 12,872 190 

Total of Chicago. .169,353 55,948 27.137 2,114 

It is generally thought that these figures are i oo 

high. The allowance of 15 per cent lor absentees 



is scarcely wan anted even by the fact that great 
numbers have entered the army from Chicago, 
who are f.till credited as residents here. Deduct 
the 7,363 thus lidded, and it leaves an enumerated 
population of one hundred and sixty-two thou- 
sand, minus ten. 

Accepting the offlcial census, the following will 
exhibit the rate of increase in the several divisions 
since Dec. Ist, 1853 : 

Date. S. Dlv. W. Div. N. Dlv. Total. 

Dec. 1, 1«.t! 26,592 14,5?9 18,8.59 60,030 

Aug.,l8r>6 SO.aS) 28,>50 28,521 84,113 

Oct. 1,1802 4.5,470 .57,193 ;S.?2."? 838,180 

Oct. 1,186-1 56,955 73,475 ;«,9o3 109,353 

The increase in ten years and ten months has 
been in the South Division 114 per cent, in the 
West Division 400 per cent. In the North Division 
118 per cent, and in the whole city 170 per cent. 

Very respectable exhibit for a place which thir- 
ty-five years ago contained only nine families. 
We ^ive the following table of populations from 
that important epoch. Those marked wit j a star 
are approximations; the others were obtained by 
actual count : 



1829. 
1831. 
1832. 
1833. 



*30 

, *60 

BCO 

*350 

1834 *1,800 

1835 3,265 

1836 *4,000 

1837 4,170 

1838 *4,000 

1839 *4,200 

1840 4,479 

1841 *6,500 

1842 *6.590 

1843 7,580 

1844 *S,0U0 

1845 12,088 

1816 14,169 



1847 16,859 

1848 20,023 

1849 23,047 

1850 28,269 

1851 *34,000 

1852 38,7;14 

1853 60,662 

1854 65,872 

1855 80,023 

1856 *86,000 

1857 *93,000 

1858 *S0,000 

1859 *90,000 

1860 109.203 

1861 *120,000 

1862 137,030 

1863 *150,000 



1864 169,353. 

In the spring of 1831 there were twelve families 
here, in May 1832 the fort contained 500 souls, and 
in the following February a garrison of 200, while 
outside were about 150. In November '35 the first 
census was taken ; the coxmty then contained 9,773 
souls. 

The census of the State will he Taken during the 
present year. 

MOKTALITT. 

We are not able to present the exact figures of 
deaths in the city during the year, as the Decem- 
ber returns are not yet made. The foUowiug table 
shows the mortality in each of ttie divisions of 
the city from Dec. 1, 1863, to the same date in '64, 
and the present month is given approximately, 
carrying out the ratios of the year unto December. 
The estimates are probably very near the truth : 
Month. JJJ. Div. S. Div. W. Div. Total. 



December 


. 66 


153 


104 


334 


January 


. 99 


144 


12-j 


868 


February 


. 99 


123 


127 


356 


March 


. 67 


121 


141 


845 


April 


. 70 


117 


108 


298 


May 


86 


108 


100 


309 


June 


64 


104 


89 


262 


July 


. 119 


140 


165 


426 


August 


. 173 


129 


194 


499 


September... 


.. 131 


121 


143 


394 


October 


. 68 


94 


108 


270 


November.... 


. 79 


89 


73 


243 


December 


. 78 


180 


123 


383 



1,132 1,470 1,495 4,151 

During the year there were 54 not assigned to 
the separate Divisions. 

FERES. 
Below will be found a tabulated state- 
ment of the number and locality of fires 
which have occurred during the old year. 
Eighteen Hundred and Sixty-four has proved not 
only the most prosperous year in our city's his- 
torj', but one more marked than any of its prede- 
cessors by the ravages of fire. Not only do the 
losses amount to nearly double those of any year 
since the inauguration of the Steam Fire Depart- 
ment, but almost equals in amount the damages in- 
flicted in 1859 so celebrated for extensive fires ; 
conflagrations which mocked the extinguishing 
powers of the old hand engines. Considering that 
no Increase over over last year exists in the num- 



31 



ber of flres, the heavy loss of 1864 may give rise to 
some astonishment, especially when the efiechve 
condition of our Fire Department is remembered. 
The reason will be found in the occurrence of 
three or four heavy fires which in themselves caused 
damage to the amount of hundreds of thousands ol 
dollars. The great conflagration, for example, of 
Lill's Brewery, was only surpassed in point of 
loss by the sum of $22,410 by the whole 17U hres of 
1861. 

BEOAPITTTLATION. 

Incen- False Insur- 

Fires. diary. Alarms. Loss. ance. 

Januarv 18 .. •• S2,i'10 «1.900 

rXuarV 13 1 •• 38,010 33,300 

March :: 18 2 3 86,525 79,500 

April 11 2 1 2;3,2U0 22,300 

Mav 20 1 1 49,560 39,100 

June'" ■.■.' 11 1 2 137,200 40,000 

July." .30 3 2 86,450 70,750 

August.... 16 1 4 11,150 10,000 

September. 18 1 4 28,600 23,550 

October.... 19 .. 3 44,405 2-3,850 

November. 11 1 1 84,520 81,0U0 

December. 10 1 1 6,870 6,b00 

Total.... 1^ 14 22 $599,400 $437,850 



the: firx:s of is64. 

The losses by conflagrations in the Northern 
States during the year, where the property 
destroyed at each tire "was worth $20,000 and 
upwards, are reported below : 

January .«S21,500 

February 3,6:Jo,000 

March I,7(i5,n00 

April 1.170,900 

May 0:in,onO 

June 1,757.000 

July 6,700,000 

August 800.000 

September 700,000 

October 450,000 

November • • • * 345,000 

December 300,000 



, Fires . 

S. W. N. 

Div.Div.Div. 
January. ..10 6 3 
February.. 7 2 4 

March 13 4 1 

April 8 12 

May 12 5 3 

June 5 2 4 

July 6 10 4 

August 11 4 1 

September. 9 4 5 
October.. .847 
November. 6 4 1 
December.. 4 5 1 

Total.... 109 50 36 



South 
Div. 

1385 

7,610 
81,075 
22,375 
34,5' 

3,500 
69,950 

4,500 

17,300 

38,585 

75,520 

550 



-Losses- 
West 
Div. 
$2,175 
4,100 
4,950 
300 
15,000 
1,500 
18,150 
6.350 
9,050 
2,050 
8,500 
6,320 



Korth 
Div. 

$350 

20,300 

500 

525 

132',200 
8,350 

300 
2,250 
3,770 

.00 



$345,950 $78,445 $175,045 



PUBIilC SCHOOIiS. 

The many educational facilities of the city have 
throughout the year, and especially during the 
latter months, been strained to their utmost ca- 
pacity. All the public schools have been filled 
almost to overflowing, and in many cases it has 
been found absolutely necessary to procure other 
buildings to accommodate the large number of 
children whom the district school houses could 
not contain. Two buildings of this kind have been 

As we have before stated, the schools have all 
been well attended during the year, proof of which 
is evident from the annexed table, which repre- 
sents the approximate attendance at the close of 
the year: 



School. Enroll- 
ment. 

High 342 

Dearborn 845 

Jones 7.34 

Scammon 973 

Kinzie 974 

Franklin 1207 

Washington... 1391 

Mosely 841 

Brown 747 

Foster 1804 

Ogden 905 

Newberry 896 

No. Twelve... 505 

Skinner 1632 

Haven 937 

South Chicago 102 

Bridgeport 285 

Holstein 65 

Colored 167 

Total 15451 



Total ?19,072,400 

In the above we have made no estimate of 
the destruction by fire caused by the war, nor 
of the fearful destruction of timber, fences 
and dwellings at Long Island, in New Hamp- 
shire, New York, Maine, Michigan, and in the 
Lake Superior country by tires in the woods 
in July and August. It simply represents 
the amoimt of property consitmed by the or- 
dinary agencies of conflagration. Neither is 
insurance computed, as it is seldom repoited. 
The value of property destroyed by fire in the 
Northern States was a little over §12,000,000 
in 1863. The total losses by fire in the United 
States for the past ten years (property worth 
twenty thousand dollars and upwards de- 
stroyed at each fire) have amounted to $163,- 
305,000, or a little over $16,000,000 per year. 
Now the losses in these years were about 
equally divided between the Northern and 
Southern States, the South, if not so densely 
populated, suffering from the want of proper 
organizations to extinguish fires. This would 
give about eight millions a year as the average 
loss in the Northern States. Since the war 
broke out, however, the increase has been 
alarming. Considerable allowance must be 
made for the increased cost of articles burned, 
owing to the depreciation of currency ; but 
when the fires below the twenty thousand 
doUar ratio, the losses by military move- 
ments, raids and the destruction of Govern- 
ment property at depots in the field, are con- 
sidered, the results are most alarming, and 
call for increased watchfulness and care. 



Averae 


e Average 


Per Ct. 


Attenc 


- member- 


of at- 


ance. 


ship. 


tend' (.e. 


312 


336.6 


93.6 


693 


767.5 


90.2 


699 


648.8 


92.3 


796 


875.3 


91. 


791 


873.1 


90.7 


1076 


1109.7 


92.5 


1066 


1201.7 


88.8 


649 


699.8 


92.8 


616 


669.9 


91.9 


1454 


16:i5.3 


88.9 


745 


833. 


89.5 


701 


803. 


87. 


398 


447. 


9i. 


1283 


1458.9 


88.6 


735 


849.9 


91.1 


74 


90. 


83.5 


201 


240.1 


83.7 


48 


56.6 


83.1 


107 


125. 


83.6 



12344 



13720.5 



The total expense of maintaining the 
Schools for the paat fiscal year was $95,550.91. 



90. 



City 



13 



CASUAIiTIES OF 1864. 

Below we present in tabular form the casu- 
alties during the year by railroads, steam 
boats and explosions in the Northern States 

Eailr'ds. Steamb'ta. Expl'g, 

January 13 

February 2 

March 15 

April 1 

May 13 

June 4 

July 103 

August 8 

September 65 

October 31 

November 50 

December 13 





79 


40 


n 


18 


as 


, , 


71 


7 


63 


8 




100 


8 


23 


10 



311 



211 



Total 

This makes a total of 810 lives lost by 
railroads, steamers and boiler explosions dur- 
ing the year. In addition to these, 344 per- 
sons have been injured by the same agencies. 



TXiE consrisrECTicxjT 



©IF IIIiiIBSIi^®IBE)o 



ACCr.TllJLATED CAPITAL OVER $7,000,000. 



» ♦ » 



Dividends have averaged over 50 per cent.— are declared ANNUALLY, and paid 

to the Assured during his Life. 



Number of Policies issued tlie past year, over 8,000. 



THIS COMPANY ACCOMMODATES the ASSURED in the settlement of their pre- 
miums on LIFE Policies, by receiving a note for ONE-HALF, when the premium amounts 
to $50 or more, — thus furnishing Insurance for double the amount, for nearly the same 
Cnsh Payments, as is required in an " ALL CASH COMPANY." But it is optional with 
a party, when taking out a policy or paying his annual premium, to give the note or pay 
ALL CASH. If he prefeis the latter mode, his dividends will be paid him in Cash, or, 
what is the same in effect, applied to reduce his premiums ; so that after four years, ac- 
cording to past experience, his cash payment will be reduced ONE-HALF, and he will al- 
ways have four dividends to his credit, payable when the policy matures. 



This Company have a larger number of Policies in force than any other Company in America. 
TWELVE HUNDRED insured in Chicago, a few of whom we take liberty of refening to : 



Mahlon D. Ogden, 
Daniel Brainard 
E. H. Sheldon, 
E. C. Lamed, 
A. G. Throop, 
Prof. S. C. Bartlett, 
W. Munger, 
Bamuel PowtU, 
Rev. W. W. Patton, 
Wm. B. Keen, 
Jas. C. Savage, 
Dr. E. A. Small, 
S. B. Perry, 
Geo. W. Gage, 
Jas. H. Hoes, 

D. J. Ely, 
Cyrus Bentley, 
Cyrenus Beers, 
Thomas Allen, 
James Boyd, 

Wm. K. McAllister, 
J. K. Pollard, 
J. S. Rumsey, 
Philip Wadsworth, 

E. W. Wells, 



B. F. Carver, 
Thomas M. Avery, 
J. H. Woodworth, 
N. S. Bouton, 

S. C. Griggs, 
Col. Henry Smith, 
J. B. Rice, 
James Peck, 
D. B. Cooke, 

D. J. Lake, 
0. S. Goss, 
Thomas C. Hoag, 

E. S. Williams, 

F. Porter Thayer, 
Wm. E. Doggett, 
Wm. F. Endicott, 
A. H Burley, 
E. R. Burnham, 
S. B. Cobb, 

C. W. Dupee, 
Wirt Dexter. 
C. B. Nelson, 
James A. Parsons, 
H. O. Stone, 



E. B. McCagg. 
Frank Parraalee, 
Amos T. Hall, 
S. B. Walker, 
J. B. Doggett, 
Col. F. A. Eastman, 
0. W. Belden, 
0. S. Hough, 
Wm. S. Johnston, jr., 
D. B. Holt, 
Walter S. Johnson, 

C. T. Wheeler, 
Francis Bradley, 
Wm. L. Greenleaf, 
S. M. Fassett, 

S. H. Kerfoot, 
H. F. Waite, 

D. B. Fisk, 
J. C. Fargo, 
Geo. M. Gray, 
C. C. Parks, 
Henry Manin, 
Murray Nelson, 
Geo. A. Pitkin, 



J. Y. Scammon, 
J. S. Newhnuse. 
Norman B. Judd, 
Martin Green, 
H. D. Colvin, 
Thomas B. Bryan, 

D. B. Fisk, 
Wm. H. Bradley, 
Henry W. King, 
Walter Kimball, 
John C. Williams, 
Prof. Joseph Haven, 
Horace G. Chase, 
James E. Aiken, 

Dr. John Evans, 

E. T. Root, 
Frank A. Sherman, 
T. W. Wadsworth, 
J. Q. Holt, 

C. J. Hull, 
S. S. Hayes, 
H. W. Hinsdale, 
John v. LeMoyne, 
Wm. Oviatt, 



Over 



MOORE & STEARNS, 



♦ •.»>'♦' 



TRAVELERS' INSURANCE COMPANY, 

HARTFORD, CONN.. 

INSURES AGAINST ACCIDENTS 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. 



CJ .A.3PIT.^LXj, - $500,000. 

Under the General Accident Risk, the payment of an Annual Premium of 
Ten Dollars will secure a Policy granting Insurance for Two Thousand Dollars 
in the event of Death by any dt scription of Accident, wiih Ten Dollars per 
week Conipensanoii for any personal Injury causing Total Disability from busi- 
ness, so that, should the Policy be continued in force for tive years, any one 
Accident causiTig disability for fite weeks will leiinburse the assured for "the 
whole cost of his Insuranc-'. It^" Twenty-five Dollars Premium will, iu like 
manner, sccuie a Policy for Five Thousand Doll.irs, and Tweuty-five Dollars per 
week Compensation. 

ANNUAL PREMIUMS FOR GENERAL ACCIDENTS. 





4 i 


5 


6 




Death Only. 


Compensation Only. 
(T. tal Uisahilit.v. 


Together. 




Sum 
Insured 


Urdin-ir/ 
Pt m. 


Special j 
1 rem. j 


Weekly 
Com p. 


Onlinary 
riftn. 


Frcoial 
Prem. 


I Ordinary 
Prem. 


Special 
Prem. 




$500 


13 00 


$2.50 


J3.00 


$2.00" 


$2.50 


' $8.00 


" $3.50 




1,000 


3.00 


3.75 I 


5 00 


3.00 


3.75 


, 5.00 


6 00 




1,500 


4.50 


5 62 


; 7.50 


4 50 


5.62 1 


7.50 


9.00 




2.000 


6.00 


7.50 


10 00 


6.00 


7.50 1 


10 00 


12 00 




2,500 


7.50 


9.37 


12.50 


7.50 9.37 


"12.50 


15.00 




3,000 


9.00 


11 25 i 


15.00 


9.0(t 11.25 


15.00 


IS. 00 




3,500 


10.50 


12.75 


17.50 


10.50 12 75 


17.50 


21.00 




4,000 


12.00 


15.00 


! 20.00 


12 00 , 15.00 


20. UO 


24.00 




4,500 


18.50 


le/ST 


22.50 


13^50 ; 16 87 


22.50 


27.00 




5.000 


15 00 


18.75 


2.^.00 


ISiOO . IS. 75 


'25.00 


80.00 



General Accidents include the Traveling Risk and also all forms of Dislocations, Broken 
Bones, Ruptured Tendons, Sprains, Concussions, Crushings, Bruises, Cuis, Siabs, Gunshot 
Wounds, Poisoned Wounds, Burns and Scalds, Bites of Uogs, Unprovolcfd Assaults by Bur- 
glars, Robbers or Murderers; the actinn of LiiihtniDg or San Stroke, tlie tffec s of E.\(«losions, 
Chemicals, Floods and Earthquakes, Suffocation by Drowning or Choking; where such Acci- 
dental Injury is the cause of Death within three months of the happening of the injury, or of 
total disability to foUew his usual avocations. 



CHICAGO BOARD OF REFERENCE, 

J. Y. SCAMMON President Mechanics' National Banli 

JOHN F. BE.\TTy Secretary of Board <f Trade 

C. C. WAITR Sherman House 

G. F. BISSKi.L, Genernl Agent Hartfoid Fire Ins^urani-e CcmpHny 

J. V. F.\RWELL, Firm of Farwell, Field & Co. 

J. K. POLLARD, Firm of Pollard & Poane 

COL. C. G. HAMMOND, Superintendent C. B A Q. Railroad 

WM. E. DOGGETT, Firm of Doggetl, Bassett & Hills 

T.M.AVERY, Lumber Merchant 

P. W. GATES Pretident Eagle Works Co. 

J AS. C. FARGO, Maniger American Exj)rtss Co. 

W. R. ARTHUR General Superintendent Illinois C^nfal Railroad 

W. L. ST. JOHN General Superintendent Reck Mand Railroad 

E. H. WILLIAMS Superintendent Galena Div. C. N W. Railroad 

A. C. HESING Of Illinois Slants Zeitung 

ROBERT H.4.LE, General Superintendent Alton & Sf. Louis Railroad 

U. B. WILMARTH, (Of Miller A VVilmarth) Agent of Home Insurai ce Company 



RECORD OF THE REBELLION, 




For 1864. 



Union capture of Madisonville, La Jan 11 j 

Athens, Ala., captured by Forrest " 2(5 

"Rebel cavalry defeated at Sev)erville,Tenn.. " 27 

Draft of SOO.Win men ordered Feb. 1 

Newbern, N. C, attacked— Rebels repulsed " 2 

Gen. Sherman starts on his raid " 8 

Capture of Jacksonville, Fhi " 7 

Sherman occupies Meridian, Miss " 11 

Return of Sbermnn's Expedition " 23 

Custar's raid to Gordonsville " 28 

Kilpa trick's raid to Culpepper " 29 

Custar's raid to Ely's Ford on theKapidan.M.r 4 
Gen. Granc Assigned to command in Va — " 19 

Presidenr calls for -200.000 men " 14 , 

Fort De Russy, Ark captured " 15 

Alexandria, La., occupied by Gen. Banks... " 16 , 

Union Victory at Nachitoches " 21 

Paducah captured by Forrest " 25, 

Battle of Cane Kiver, La., rebel loss 700. ... " 28 
Rebel defeat ac Lonjrview,Ai-k., lose of 300. " 31 
Banks defeated at Sabine Cios» Roads — Ap'l 8 ; 
Kirby Smiih deieated by Banks at Pleasant j 

Hill— The Banks Expedition abandoned,. " 9 

Fort Pillow captured " 14 

Capture of Plviiiouth, N.C., by rebels " 18- 

• Bfnks' rear attacked— Rebels repulsed, — " 24 

Gen. Sherman occupies Tunnel Hill " 30 

Grand movement of Army of the Potomac May o ; 

Pass ige of the Rapidan " 4 , 

Butler at Citv Point " SI 

Battles of the Wilderness— Union loss 6,000 "5,6,'i 

Battle of Tunnel Hill, Ga '• IS 

Battle of Spottsylvania C. H •' 1;- 

Union Victory at Resaca, Ga " 14 

Butler attacked ni'ar Fort Darling " id 

Defeat of Sigel at New Market Va " 1; 

Sherman occupies Kingston, (jia " IS 

Grant's movement to (iuinness and Milford " 20 
Severe engagement and occupation of Dal- 
las, Ga " 25 

Grant crosses the Pamunky " 'is 

Severe tightinir near Dallas, Ga., 27,28,2't 

Battle at Powder Spring, Va., " 2!' 

Battle of Alatoona, Ua..i '■ 30 

Rebels defeated by Hunter near Staunton " 5 

Marmadukc defeated by A. J. Smith " 7 

Union defeat at Guntown,Mi!--6 " 10 

Passag'- of the James by Grants lorces " 12 

Unsuccessful att;ick on Petersburg " 15 

Union victory at Lost Mountain, Ga., " 16 

The Alabama sunk by the Kcarsage " 19 

Battle of Kenesaw Mountains, Ga., " 27 

Sherman occuj)ies Marietta, Ga " 30 

Rebel raid in the Shenandoah July 3 

Invasion of Maryland— Union repulse " 7 

Gen. Wallace repulsed on the Monocacy — ♦' 9 
Gen. Rosseau's raid to the south of Atlanta. " 10 

Raiders retire across the Potomac " 13 

Forrest defeated by A. J. Smith, at Tupelo 13-14 

Battle of Peach Tree Creek, Ga., "20 

Return of Rossoau with 2,000 prisoners "22 

Battle before Atlanta— rebel loss 2,342 kill- 
ed, 9.000 wounded, and 3,200 prisoners. ... " 22 
McCook's cavalry expedition in Georgia 

broken up " 26 

Rebel defeat before Atlanta— loss 6,000 "28 

Springing of a mins before Petersburg — 
Union loss 2,500 killed and wounded, 3,000 

prisoners " 30 

Chambersburg burned by McCausland "' 80 



McCausla'Kl defeated by Averill; and Stone- 

mnn, with 2,500 men captured, in Georsria. " 31 
Farrairut passes Fort Morgan, destroys two 

gunboat!', and captures the ram lenn...Aug. 5 
Fort Powell, at Mobile, blown up, and Fort 

(iaines surrendered " 6 

Union victory in the VaUey " 7 

Rebel works on the New Market road cap- 
tured by Hancock— Union loss 800 " 14 

Early repulsed ai Front Royal "15 

Union victory on the WeldonR. R. — Rebels 

lo<e 2,300 prisoners. " 18 

Rebel assault on the Weldon R. R. repulsed " 19 
Attack on the 9th corps repulsed— battle be- 
tween Sheridan and Early at Summit 
Point, Va.— Forrest's raid on Memphis. . . " 21 
Surrender of Fort Morgan, 581 prisoners " 23 

Battle at Reams' Station " 25 

Battle of Jonesboro, Ga. Rebel loss 6,000.. "13 

Atlanta occupied by Gen. Sherman Sept 1 

John Morgan surprised and killed " 5 

Larjre herd of cattle captured by th^e rebelb 

near Petersburg "15 

Early defeated by Sheridan at Damesville. 
Rebel loss 7,500 men, 15 battle flags and 5 

cannon " 19 

Early defeated by Sheridan at Fisher's Hill. 
Rebel loss l,ll;0 prisoners and 29 guns — "29 

Athens, Ala., captured by Forrest " 24 

Pnce attacks Pilot Knob, Mo. Repulsed.. " 27 
Rebel attack on Fort Sedgwick, on the 

James. Repulsed .. " 28 

Works at Chapin's Farm, north of the 

James, carried by Gen. Urd " 29 

Rebel attack on our lines at Chapin's Farm 

repulsed " SO 

Burhndge defeated at Saltville, Va. Loss 

850... Oct. 2 

Dalton, Ga., surrendered to Forrest " 3 

Battle of Alatoona, Ga. Rebel loss 1,200... " 5 

The Florida captured in Bahia Harbor, " 7 

Torbet's victory at Strasburg. 350 prison- 
ers and 11 guns captured '. " 8 

Price repul'ed at California, Mo " 9 

Col. Hoge defeated at Eastport. Loss 46 

men and 2 batteries ,i-.10 

Retreat of Hood towards the Coosa River.. " 17 
; Battle of Cedar Creek, Va. Sheridan cap- 
1 tures 30 pieces of artillery. Rebel loss 

i over5,000men "19 

Price defeatad atruriependence. Mo " 23 

I Price routed at Mine Creek. Rebel loss 

i 3,.«0 men " 25 

i Reconnoissance of the Army of the James.. " .27 

I Rebel di'feat at Korristown, E. Tenn "28 

'Rebel ram Albemarle blown up " 28 

Hood repulsed at Decatur, Ga 29 & 30 

Plymouth, N. C, recaptured by our forces.. Nov 1 

Sherman's Grand March commenced 11 A 12 

. Rebels repulsed at Strawberry Plain? 15 

: Hood repulsed at Franklin by Schofield — 80 
' Gen. Sherman captures Fort McAllister... Dec 13 

I Sailing of Com. Porter's fleet " 13 

Forrest deieated at Murfrecsboro " 15 

I Hood's army rjuted by Thomas 18&19 

I Savannah captured by Sherman, with 150 

i guns ^21 

I Fort Fisher bombarded by Porter's fleet. . .26 & 27 

i Gen. Granger's Expedition marching on 

i Mobile 28