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ANTIQUARIAN GLEANINGS 



FROM 



ABERDEENSHIRE RECORDS. 



COMPILED BY 

GAVIN TURREFF. 



C( 



"DATS O' JlVLD LUTGSYNB." 

WHATEVBB MAKEH THE PAST, THB OXSTAITT, OB THE FUTUBB FEBDOMIVATB 
OYBB THE PEEHBITT, ADTANGBS US IV THB DIGITITY OB 
THIlf KIITG BXIITGS."— DB. JGHlTSGir. 



SECOND EDITION-REVISED AND ENLARGED. 



ABERDEEN: 

JAMES MURRAY, 28, ST. NICHOLAS STREET. 
EDINBURGH : JOHN MENZIES & CO. 

1871, 



:o 



>6 

'7 1 



<*L3i32.^ lt.S 



PEEFACE TO THE SECOHD EDITIOir. 



Thb following BelectionB axe taken from the Publications of 
the Spalding Olub, and from varions other sonrces. The 
First Edition was published in 1859, and, haying been ex- 
hausted a considerable time ago, the Compiler has been 
induced to offer the selections anew to the Public, reyised, re- 
arranged, and considerably enlarged. 

Although part of the Yolume may, perhaps, appear to be 
merely of local interest, yet the graphic details given with 
reference to the state of Scottish society and morals during the 
last three centuries, will no doubt prore interesting to those per- 
naing it as illastratiye of fleeting life and manners. 

An Engraving of Irvine's View of Castle Street is given for 
a Frontispiece, as having been the scene of so many of the 
events described in the volume. The older citizens will re- 
cognise the portraits of several well-known characters, whose 
appearance must have been familiar to them in their youth- 
ful days.* 

Old AsiBSiiir, JW^, 1871. 



* See an interesting volxime, by Mr. James Betide, **entifled *' Aber- 
deen Fifty Years ago/' containing mnch interesting matter, as well as 
many engrayings. 



Thx SoottiAh laxignage has a fine Dorlo aomid. When spolcen by a 
woman, it ia incomparably the most romantio and melocUons language 
to which I ever listened.— JBoitfi^ Sail. 

Thi Scotch is not to be considered as a Provincial Dialectr-4he vehicle 
only of msticvnlgarily and rude local hnmonr. It is the langnage of a 
whole oonntry, long an independent kingdom, and still separate in laws, 
character, and manners. It is by no means peculiar to the vulgar ; but 
is the common speech of the whole nation in early life, and, with many 
of its most exalted and accomplished individuals, throughout their whole 
existence ; and, though it be true, that in later times, it has been in some 
measure laid aside by the more ambitious and aspiring of the present 
generation, it is still recollected even by them as the ftMnlllar langnage 
of their childhood and of those' who were the eariiest obg'ects of their love 
and veneration. It is an ignorant, as well as an illiberal, pr^udice to 
confound it with the barbarous dialects of Torkshire and Devon.— ^Zord 



CONTENTS. 



ti 



A Descrlptlott of Aberdeen, by Jamei Gtordon, In 1861. 

A Description of Old Aberdeen, by James Gordon, in 1661, 

ADescriptionof Aberdeen in 1685, by Alex. Skene, .. 

A Description of Aberdeenshire, by Sir S. Forbes, 

Extract from Bobertson's Book of Bon- Accord, 

Extracts from the Bnrgh Acconnts, from IfiSl to 1650 .. 

Extracts from the Town's Becords, 

Trials for Witchcraft, ... 

Aberdeen Dean of Guild Acoonnte, 

Extracts from Fasti Aberdonenses, 

Extracts from a Household Book of the Enrol Family,. . 

Extracts from the Ooundl Rejrister of the Burgh of Aberdeen— 

The Inhabitants to assist the Alderman in maintaining law,. . 

The Town to be Fortified, 

Davy Patrikson to be punished, 

Andro Murray chosenTown's Bell*man, 

Letter to the Earl of Huntly, excusing the Town from Join 
lug him, ... ... ... ... .. 

Letter from the King, ordaining the Town to assist the Earl 
ofMar, 

Divine Service to be performed daily in the Ohoir, 

John Gray, mason, chosen " Maister of St. Nicholas Wark, 

The Craftsmen to appear in their best array on Candlemas 

HXL^f ••■ ••• •■• ••• ••• 

Daily Service in the Choir, ... 

Penance imposed on Christian Lilbume, 

Penance imposed on William Belty, 

Various Inhabitants fined for failing to watch the Town, 

Anent the landing of the Englishmen, and safety of the Ca- 
thedral, Church, &c.. 

The Watch to be warned nightly. 

Ordinance anent a Watch for the safety of the Town, 

Philip Belman fined for selling an apple too dear, ... 

Arrayment for Robin Huyd and Little John, 

Inhaoitants to ride on St. Nicholas day, 

Anent the Procession on Candlemas day, 

Every Craft to have a pair of Torches on Corpus Christi day, 

Anent cleaning the Town before the Queen's coming to the 
Burgh, 

The Queen to t>e received as honourably as by any Burgh in 
Scotland, except Edinburgh, 

Philip Clerk, belman, fined for a false Proclamation, 

All out Burgesses required to make personal residence within 
the Burgh, 



1 

10 
25 

ao 

48 
41 

61 
63 
56 

58 
61 

64 
64 
65 
65 

65 

66 
66 
67 

67 
67 
68 
68 
69 



69 
69 
70 
70 
70 
71 
72 

72 

72 
76 

^ 76 



Tiii 



Pi.61 



BxtractB from the Council Begister of the Burgh of Aberdeen— 
(continued.)''^ 

The Town to be watched, „. ... ... ... 7S 

The Tax for Building the Block-Honse to be paid, ... 76 

No MuBsels beeide the Coningar Hilla to be gathered, ... 76 

OartB ftimiBhed for the Artillery, ... ... ... 77 

Those abeent firom the Wappinschaw fined, ... ... 77- 

The Master of the Grammar School conflBBees that he held 

the School of the Town, ... ... ... ... 77 

Letters from the King against that '* heretick Lnthyr and his 

DnKySy ••( ... ... «•• •«. §9 

No Lodgings to be let till the King comes, ... ... 79 

The Bishop " thankit gretly " for building the Bridge of Dee, 79 

Answer ofthe Town to the Bishop anent the Bridge of Dee, ... 80 

Two tuns of Wine to the King, ... ... ... 81 

No one to enter the Town but at the Forts, ... ... 81 

Statutes for avoiding the Pestilenoe now raging, ... ... 81 

Anent election of Lords of Bon- Accord, ... ... 82 

All the Singers in the Ohoir discharged for their demerits, ex- 
cept one, ** ane aold semand to the Toun," ... ... 82 

Contract for buildiiur a Block-House, ... ... ... 88 

Two barrels of Powto to be bought " quhateuer it oost," ... 83 

TheKing*sLettersforholdinff a wappinschaw, ... ... 83 

No Peat or Divot to be taken from the Links, &c. ... ... 88 

The Tolbooth Clock to be sent to Flanders, &o. ... ... 83 

The Olodc brought from Flanders to be sold, ... ... 84 

Friar Alexander Lindsay to get five merks for oompletinff 

uIIq v/XOOiKy ••• tt* ••• ••• ••• CM 

Penance on Thom Davidson, ... ... ... ... 84 

No Ashes to be laid on the Streets within the Ports, and 

"Myddingls " on the Streets to be removed, ... ... 86 

Robert and John Arthur fined for strubling the Lords of Bon- 
Accord, &c. ... ... ... ... ... 86 

Ellen Banaldsone banished from the Tonne, ... ... 86 

A Causeway Maker to be hired to reform the Streets of the 

Burgh, ... ... ... ... ... 86 

John OoUison's Fee for continual service in the Parish Church, 86 

Strangers to be expelled from the Town, ... ... 86 

The Town agrees to support the authori^ of the Governor, ... 88 

All the Ports to be built, ... ... ... ... 88 

Ordinance for defence of the Town from the Englishmen, ... 88 

Act anent " Caik Baxters," ... ... ... ... 88 

Persons guilty of " hinging of the Image of St. Francis," ... 88 
All Ships coming to the Town with Goods to sell, to be bought 

by the Provost and Baillies for the time, &o. ... ... 89 

Anent the claim of the Black Friars for exemption from 

multures, ... ... ... ... ... 90 

The Beggars to be '^visied," and get the Town's Token— 

those who are not native to leave the Town, ... ... 90 

Statutes for evading the Pest, ... ... ... 91 

Ordinance against Breaking the Windows of the Kirk, ... 92 

Gilbert Menzies to be Keeper of the Block-House, ... 92 

Two Gxmners hired, ... ... ... ... 92 

Tax for licence to remain lh>m the Host at Gladsmuir, ... 93 

Propine to Bobert Oameffy, ... ... ... ... 93 

Baxters oonvioted for semng Bread below the Statute price,... 94 
Bestriotions as to the Banqnetings of the Lords of Bon- 

■^vOoni, ... ... ... ... ... ' 9% 

Charge to apprehend John Ohahaer, ... ... ... 96 



Xxtawtt ft«m tbi Coond] BtsMaroftheBin^ of 



feiuioce on Jonst PortBT, 



although now b] 
Brery draft to 



IT Wheat ' ' 

bnill on tho Denborn, . . 



BpnlEGjiie of tho p]B£SB oT Che Black and White FiUn, 
I! oihibiied^ 



fffewstlir^theHsmiBB, 

1 to the Tow 



„ „__. jnofthsBr 

ligiaofl HouBaa, and the emplDjmnnt of PrQacbara, 
Adherents to tbo Provoit'a Protoet, 
Keeper* of the Silver Work and Omsmeni 



! Chslioes, Testmenu, nnd Oniaiaaita of Bt. 



KioholBS Chnrch, 



OMIi M be taken 1^ the_ 



and Ornuuentt 



PenamoeonHcclor Dolloquhy, 
The I'reMnrar to uplift Oire Seiila of tha IMu*' Orofla, 
!nu Qaecn anectaa between thla and PMche — two Oouwiid 
maAi to M given her in prgpins, ... 



other decotationa— 3000 meikB gisnled to make prepa- 

Oratnanee anaut Bnidala within Itis Qiki 

TheBnreh to be watched id«htlT, 

APraplne to be gtvea to OiaSisg at hli comliic U lUi 

David^^glU ohoean Water Baillie, "'. 

Sejoldng to be held n>r the Birth ofaPAioe, 

A Lodfrtng to he prepBTSd for the ProvDBt, 

EallsofWoodtobeereinedfartheMealUK'liet, ... 

A Writing Booth to be proonred fbr the Town-Clerk, 

Mr. Qointin Prwlon, Profeaeor of FhjBJc, gets liberiy to have 

an Apotheeaiy and Shop, 
Mo one to cooenlt John Oordoo, now cotifliiBa as a Witch, ... 
Division of the Town into Tmo Qnart*ra, 
nie Town's Fofit man to have a Gormentf 
Thomas Bany and his Wife to be banished Ilia Town fbr 

John Jnieloa ohoeen EzeenUoDBT, 



Bxtracta from the Oouneil Hegistef of the Burgh of Aherdccn-^ 

(continued.) — 
A Wooden House to be built for an OflBce to the Town-Clerk, 117 & 11^ 
A Sun Dial to be erected on the Town-House Wall, ... 119 

1^0 Burgess to wear a Blue Bonnet under a penalty, ... 119 

Statute for keeping of the Sermons, ... ... ... 120 

Prayer to be said on the day of the Election of the Ma- 
gistrates, ... ... ... ... ... 121 

Mr. Grier to be pt^d for coining to preach, ... ... 121 

Thomas Lome accused of "hearing of spreittis," and waver- 
ing from his wife, bairns, and familie. He agrees to 
sufibr death if found guilty again ... ... ... 122 

Any Inhabitant of Futtie who cuts the Hopes of Vessels in the 
Harbour to be tied to a stake within the flood-mark for 
three hours, and then scourged, and banished from the 
Burgh, ... ... ... ... ... 122 

Mr. Thomas CargiU rewarded for his congratulatory Treatise 

in Latin as to his MEgesty's delivery, ... ... 122 

Maijorie Urquhart gets licence to be interred in the South 

aSLLbIw} «!• ttt ••■ ••* ••• X20 

The KixLg'B Servants who play Comedies and Stage Plays in 

the Burgh to be paid, ... ... ... ... 128 

The Qowrie Conspiracy, ... ... ... ... 123 

Intimation given of his Majesty's accession to the English 
Throne. The Town go to Church thereafter, and £:ink 
wine at the Cross, ... ... ... ... 124 

The Elirk Lodge to be re-built, ... ... ... 125 

A Barque to be built by A. Davidson, ... ... ... 125 

No Flesh to be eaten in time of Lent, nor on certain days there- 
after, in all time coming, ... ... ... ... 126 

No Wine, Ale, or Beer to be Sold alter Ten o'clock at night,... 126 
An Englishman craves to be allowed to teach Writing and 

Axithmetic, ... ... ... ... ... 127 

Complaint against the Scholars of the Grammar School, ... 127 
The Rioters' conduct, ... ... ... ... 128 

A General Assembly intimated to be held at Aberdeen, ... ISO 
Letter from the Privy Council as to the Preparations for his 

Majesty's expected Visit, ... ... ... ... 130 

Petitions from a Maker of Virginals to be allowed to carry on 

his Trade without payment of Dues, ... ... 132 

A Clockmaker to be brought from the South, ... ... 132 

The Grammar Schoolmaster petitions for increase of Salary, 133 

The Humanity Lesson in the College to be taught on Friday 

after Morning Prayer, ... ... ... ... 134 

A Statute anent w omen who wear Plaids about their heads, ... 134 
CounciUors absent from Meetings to be fined, ... ... 134 

Reijoicings to be held on account of the safe return of Prince 

Chanes from Spain, ... ... ... ... 136 

Regulations for preventing superfluous Banquetings at Bap- 
tisms, ... ... ... ... ... 136 

Extracts from Spalding's History of the Troubles in Scotland— 

The Burning of the House of Frendraught, ... 136 & 140 

Death of the Earl of Errol, ... ... ... ... 140 

A Seal seen in the River Don, ... ... ... 141 

Death of the Marchioness of Huntlv, ... ... ... 141 

The Visit of Andrew Cant, David Dickson, and others, as 

Commissioners for the Covenanters to Aberdeen, ... 142 

The Master of Forbes's Attack on the Bishop of Aberdeen's 

xxOUSOj «•• >>• «•• •«• ••• X43 



IbttncU from Suldtes't Hlstorr ortli« rnnUM Is SeotUad- 

The BBCtla oT Uie Bridge of Dee, 



Jomea SandilandB BppoinEsd Co Ui 

Collide at Old i.berd«en, ... 
The I«iirts of BalhittKui and Newt 



tMCh the Canon Laws in Uie 

— .,— and Newton plonaered, . 

Dr. Qntla Pen j .- ™- .^— j. — 

Jolm Leith ot 



impriaoned.-. ^ - — 

The Inhabitant! conunuided to lead Peale lo the Uaeter of 
~" ' ■ ■, under penalty of piandetinB, 

id Uia ehoenmkere from the Pnlpit to 
oes to the UaHtoT of Forhes'B Bnldiere, ... 
! Ziaird of Haddo and the Laird of 

BisecQted on acootmC 

Id AtuTdeeu ilaoe the 



KspQle between John Gregorj and Andrew Csnt, 

"eatboTGei — ■" 

amoral of I 
Aiele, 



inthemodeof Worship, ... 

if Heddo and Alexander 




Complaint I17 Blapet DalfianJo ag&inatl 

adhsrenoe aiid crmdla^ -. 
No one la ban aeoni 10 tte . 




Hontniae'a Attack on Abenli^eu 

Battle of Corridiia, .. . 
Ezbactfl from Orem^ QiatoTy of Olil Alierdeen, 
Extracts fhim the BeootdadTtbe Kirk-SeeaioouiaFTBatiJIiarBr 



Rli 



Penoxui goiltT- of Sweaoring or Filthj Speaking to be panlalied 
tUmee. 

ipnn . _ ^_ 

to make mm shed tears, and by making a mock of re- 



nn 



Sxtracta from the Reeorda of the Eirk-Session and Presbytery of 

Aberdeen«^^0on^««(i/j-^ 
Delation against certain Tonng Men and Women of the Burgh 

for Dancing through the Streets—the young men having 

on women's clothes,, and the young women in masks, ... 169 
Madorie Mea«ns convicted of Slander, in accusing her neigh* 

boor of Witchcraft, ... ... ... ... 169 

Thomaa Gkwdoa ordered to enter into Service, or to leave the 

O^own 160 

Mavgfveib bavidsoaiined for haying her Cn^ in St! 

fithack's Well for recovery of her health, ... ... 169 

Ordinance as to Baptisms, ... ... ... ... 170 

Janet Walker to be punished for abusing her Husband, ... 170 

Oomplaaat against the Ministw of iHlmaok, ... ... 171 

Jl Baillie, with two of the Session, to pass through the Town 
every Sunday, and note such as they find absent from 

Sermons^ .,. ,,. ... ... ... 171 

Yiolators of the Sabbath to be poinded, ... ... 172 

The Inhabitants of Futtie to be fined fbr not attending the 

Cateohiaiag, ... ... ... ... ... 172 

Four BaUlies appointed to note the names of those who pass 

out of the Town on the Sabbath, ... ... ... 172 

Patrick Bodle convicted of having consulted the Egyptians, ... 172 

No Inhabitant of the Burgh to go to Sermon at Futtie Kirk, 173 

Slanderers and Backbiters to be punished, ... ... 173 

Religious Discussion at Dinner or Supper Table forbidden, ... 173 

The Org^HU to be removed out of the Kirk, ... ... 173 

Several parties fined for absence from the Sermons, ... 173 
John Mltehflll and John Davidson to be punished for not ad- 
hering to their Wives, ... ... ... ... 178 



SgUUtVOTE 

with a palmer on the hand, ... ... ... 174 

James Biach punished for putting "snelshin" into his eyes 



pentance. ... ... ... ... ... 174 

Isobel Robertson cited fbr railing against Mr. Andrew Cant, 174 

No Dogs to be brought to Church, ... ... ... 174 

No Daily Allowance given to Andrew Meldrum, a prisoner ; 

he is exhorted to hang a purse out of the prison window, 174 

Alexander Kay, nicht walker, ... ... ... 176 

A Palmer to be kept in every house for the punishment of 

Swearers, ... ... ... ... ... 175 

A Conference to be held with Lord Charles Gordon anent his 

Religion, ... ... ... ... ... 176 

Certain persons accused of Playing, Dancing, and Singing on 

Tool Day, and the Sunday thereafter, ... ... 176 

Mage Morison fined for using Men's Clothes at a lyk« wake^ 176 

Certain Women tried as Dancers in Men's Clothes, ... 177 

All Women to have Stools in the Kirk, ... ... ... 177 

Jonett Adamsontobeputinthe Joggis, ... ... 177 

James Murdo guilty of calling Isobell Home a Witch Carline, 177 

Agnes Gray accused of shuttuog her Husband into his house, 178 

None to leave the Kirk until the Service be ended, ... 178 
James Dunn owns that he was sworn to the Religioa i»o- 

fessed by the Pope, when he was at Rome, and is engoined 

to begin his repentance, ... ... ... ... 178 

No young Bairns to be brought to the Kirk, ... ... 179 

Thomas Maine obUgea himself to hear Bennona, Moept Mr. 

Andrew 0ant*8, ... ... ... ... 179 



siii 



»idi 



Sztracts from the Records oftlieKirk-Seesion and Presbytery of 
Aberdeen — (continued) — 
Proceedings against various parties for not resorting to the 
Kirk and hearing Sermons, and apostatising from the 

tme Faith, ... ... ... ... ... 170 

No Beggars bat those belonging to the Town to get abus, ... 179 
Extracts from the Presbvtery Book of Strathbogie— - 

Comphunt against the Bev. William Beid, ... ... 180 

Jonet Abercrombi summoned for not attending the Kirk, . . . 180 
Peter Watt sominoned for going on Pilgrimage to the Chapel 

beyond the Spey, ... ... ... ... 180 

George Gordon smnmoned before the Session for gathering 

Grozers in time of Somon, ... ... ... 180 

Patrick Wilson smnmoned to appear before the Presbytery for 

his night drinking, ... ,.. ... ... 181 

Isobel Malcolm accused as a Witch, ... ... ... 181 

Ohiistian Bind and Thomas Duff summoned for oonsulting 

Isobel Malcolme, supposed to be a Witch, ... ... 18S 

GiftstotheElrkbytheLahrdofFrendraught, ... ... 188 

Gonmlaint against Henry Boss, ... ... ... 188 

Conference of the Presbytery with Lady Frendraught in re- 
gard to her not attending the Kirk,... ... ... 184 

. Lady Frendraught subscribes the Solemn League and Co- 
venant, ... ... ... ... ... 185 

Lady Frendraught repents having done so, ... ... 186 

The Presbytery orders to pronounce the Sentence of Excom- 
munication against Lady Frendraught, ... ... 187 

Geo. Thomson amused for drinking durmg divine service, ... 187 
Miscellaneous Extracts — 

Attack of the three Lairds of the Gkunioch on Aberdeen, . . . 188 

Provost JaflVay's Interview with King Charles the Second, ... 188 
Act pa^ed by the Magistrates of Old Aberdeen regulating the 

Price of Ale, ... ... ... ... ... 189 

Gift of Wm. De Leith, Provost of Aberdeen, of Bells, ... 190 

Biot in the Grammar School, ... ... ... ... 190 

The Town Council send the Town's Clock to Flanders to be 

repaired, ... ... ... ... ... 190 

Thomas Gray to do penance for disturbance in the Kirk, ... 191 

A learned Aberdonian, ... ... ... ... 191 

Aberdeen fiuned for its Psalmody in 1656, ... ... 191 

James the Sixth's Visit to Aberdeen, ... ... ... 192 

The Town's Minstrels to be supported by its Inhabitants, ... 193 
The Highland Costmne proscribed among the resi>ectable 

citisens, ... ... ... ... ... 194 

The formation of the City Armoury, ... ... ... 194 

Letter by Lord Crimond, ... ... ... ... 196 

Extracts from an Almanack in 1626, ... ... ... 196 

Fashionable Life in Aberdeen at the end of the last Century, ... 198 

The Well of Spa, ... ... ... ... ... 199 

A Description of Aberdeen in 1746, ... ... ... 202 

Extracts from the Diary of the Bev. John Bisset, ... ... 205 

The Duke of Cumberland in Aberdeen, ... ... ... 210 

The Bev. Dr. Calamy in Aberdeen, ... ... ... 211 

The Bev. George Whitefleld in Aberdeen, ... ... ... 214 

The Bev. John Wesley in Aberdeen, ... ... ... 216 

Dr. Johnson in Aberdeen, ... ... ... .. 218 

George Colman, the Younger, in Aberdeen, ... ... ... 227 

BobOTt Bums in Aberdeen, ... ... ... ... 232 

Jiord Byron in Aberdeen, ... ... ... ... 23:i 



2tiv 

System of Kidnapping,... ... ... ... ... 235 

Extractsfromliifeof Peter Williamson, ... ... ... 239 

Extracts from the Aberdeen Journal — 

Advertisement— Bank Notes amissing, ... ... ... 263 

Bumingof the Forest of Glentanner, ... ... ... 264 

Marriage of James Cmnmin^ of Breda, ... ... ... 264 

Proclamation by the SherSf-Depute against wearing the 

Hig;hland Dress, ... ... ... ... 264 

Processionof "Wool Combers, ... ... ... ... 264 

Punishment of James Aberdein for Cutting a Tree, . . . 265 

Marriage of George Turner of Wateridgemuir, ... ... 265 

Marriage of Mr. Robert Udny, ... ... ... 265 

Eleanora Grant appointed by the Magistrates Schoolmistress 

ofAberdeen, ... ... ... ... ... 265 

Rebuilding of the Council-House, ... ... ... 266 

Opening of Gordon's Hospital ... ... ... 268 

Marriage of Sitton Carr, ... ... ... ... 266 

Robert Pirie imprisoned for wearing the Elilt, ... ... . 266 

Marriage of Mr. Walter Cochrane, Depute Town-Clerk, ... 266 

Marriage of Alexander Aberdein, ... ... ... 256 

Marriage of an old couple in the Parish of Bellie, ... ... 267 

Procession of the Magistrates and Council at the opening of 

the Annual Fairs, ... ... ... ... 257 

The Magistrates and Professors of Old Aberdeen at an Enter- 
tainment, in order to encourage home manufactures, drink 

nothing but punch made of whisky shrub, ... ... 267 

Operation of Cutting for the Stone performed by Dr. Living- 
stone in the Infirmary, ... ... ... ... 267 

James Miller, condemned to be executed, begged of the 

Judges the benefit of light, in order to read his Bible, . . . 268 

Trial of James Smith, at the instance of Alex. Livingstone, . . . 258 
The Journal ordered by the Magistrates to be publicly burned 

by the hands of the common hangman, ... ... 268 

Marriage of Dr. Alexander Rose, ... ... ... 259 

Performance of Sacred Music ])V a number of the Parishioners 

of Kintore and Fintray in the New Church of Aberdeen, . . . 269 

Openingofthe West Church,... ... ... ... 269 

The Provost of Aberdeen receives letters to concert measures 

for forming a Press-Gang, ... ... ... 269 

Advertisement by Alexander Wyllie, ... ... ... 260 

Advertisement by William Tilleray, ... ... ... 260 

Expense of Education at King's College 1766, ... ... 260 

Death of Provost Aberdein, ... ... ... ... 261 

Marriage of Thomas Forbes of Tillienaught, ... ... 261 

Vmon oi the Aberdeen Journal axid Intelligencer, ... ... 261 

Method taken by a landed gentleman to lower the price of 

Meal, ... ... ... ... ... 262 

Advertisement by Mr. Rocke, ... ... ... 262 

Appointment by the Magistrates and Council of Aberdeen of 

Miss Betty Forbes to be Schoolmistress of Aberdeen, ... 262 

Punishment of Janet Shinney and others for Theft, ... 263 

The House of Tillynaught to be let for Groats' Whey Quarters, 263 
Mourning Concert held on the occasion of the death of Bang 

George the Second, ... ... ... ... 263 

Coronation of King Geor^o the Third, ... ... ... 264 

A Maiden Assize at Aberdeen, ... ... ... 266 

First Hot-House built in Aberdeen, ... ... ... 266 

Advertisement by James More of Stonywood, ,., ... 266 



XV 



piGii 



Extracts from the Aberdeen Jonrnul — (continued) — 

Thomas Benzie prohibited by the Magistrates from exercising 

or practising any part of Physic and Chirurgery within 

the City, ... ... ... ... ... 266 

Bank Oflftce — Advertisement by Alexander Wyllie, Vintner,... 267 

Sale of the Patronage of several Churches by King's College, 268 

Peterhead Races, ... ... ... ... ... 268 

Rescue of Three Criminals from the hands of the Executioner 

while undergoing the Punishment of Whipping, . . . 268 
Laying of the Foundation- Stone of the Bridge in Marischal 

Street, ... ... ... ... ... 260 

Peterhead Races, ... ... ... ... ... 271 

Advertisement by Colin Allan— Granite Polishing, ... 271 

A strange Marriage at Huntly, ... ... ... 271 

Celebration of a King's Birthday in Aberdeen, ... ... 271 

Laying the Foundation* Stone of a House in Old Aberdeen for 

the Laird of Coll, ..< ... ... ... 272 

A Correspondent tn 1773 suggests the propriety of having 

Watchmen to the Town, ... ... ... ... 272 

Death of Dr. John Gregory, ... ... ... 273 

Several of the Inhabitants fined for not attending the Town 

Guard, ... ... ... ... .. 273 

Laying of the Foundation- Stone of the New Pier, . . . ... 273 

SiJe of the Old Church Clock, ... ... ... 274 

Opening of Queen Street, ... ... ... ... 274 

A Runner to Keith three times a week, ... ... ... 274 

Raffle within the Common School of Marischal College, . . . 274 

The Aberdeen Smack to Sail for London, ... ... 275 

Diflference between the Aberdeen and Edinburgh Almanacks, 275 
Regoidngs at Ganling on the occasion of the acquittal of Lord 

Greorge Gordon, ... ... ... ... 276 

A Balloon sent oflf from the Observatory of Marischal College, 276 
The Magistrates appoint a Committee to devise a Plan for 

keeping the Streets Clean, ... ... ... 277 

Burgh Reform, ... ... ... ... 277 

Forestalling of Provisions punished, ... ... ... 277 

John Collie, gardener, fined for using a deficient Measure, ... 278 

Patrick Young condemned to be executed, ... ... 278 

Extension of the Town towards the North, ... ... 278 

Iiaying the Foundation- Stone of the Aberdeen Barracks, . . . 279 

Celebration of a King's Birthday in Aberdeen, ... .., 280 

Dr. Wm. L. Brown appointed Principal of Marischal College, 281 

Death of Principal Camt)l)cll,... ... ... ... 281 

The Royal Aberdeen Volunteers, ... ... ... 282 

Marriage of Nelly Auld, ... ... ... ... 283 

R^'oicings at Stonehaven on account of Mr. Barclay of TJry 

having gained his Walking Match, ... ... ... 283 

Petition of the Ma^strates to the Lords of the Treasury 

against Distillation of Spirits from Grain, ... ... 28*3 

Laying the Foundatlon-Stone of Union Bridge, ... ... 28i 

Riot between the Citizens and the Ross and Cromarty 

Rangerc?, ... ... ... ... ... 287 

A French Invasion dreaxled, ... ... ... ... 289 

Death of Dr. Beattio, ... ... ... ... 290 

JPublic Roup of the first Feus in Union Street, ... ... 290 

Honorary Burgesses of Aberdeen, ... ... ... 290 

" The Visitation," ... ... ... ... ... 291 

A SchoolmiBtress of the Olden Time, ... ... ... 295 

A Bookseller's Establishment of the Olden Time, ... ... 299 



ANTIQUAEIAN GLEANINGS. 



A DESOBIFTION OF BOTHE TOUNS OF ABEBDEENB, 
BY JAMES GOBDON, PABSON OF BOTHEMAY. 

[A Map, drawn by the attthor, and engraTed at Holland at the 
Magistrates' expense, aooompanied this desoriptian. It is stated 
in the Gonncil Becords that '' Master James €tordon, minister 
at Bothemay, had bein at great paines in dranghting it upon 
ane meikle cairt; which he delivered to the ooandll weUl 
done." On the 10th of October, 1661, and in recompense for 
which, he received " a silver piece or cap of twenty oimces, and 
a silk hat for himself, and ane silk gown for his bed-fellow."] 
The citie of Aberdeen is sitnated in the north of Scotland, 
npon the east cost theroff , which is washed with the German 
Sea ; and it exceeds not onlie the rest of the tonnes of the north 
of Scotland, bot lykewayes any citie qnhatsmnever of that some 
latitude, for greatnes, bewtie, and freqnencie of trading. At 
Aberdeen the pole is elevated 57.10 m., and albeit the commone 
geographers asoryve to it a more northerlie latitude, yet it hes 
been observed often, by the exact observationes of the leamit 
mathematician, Mr. William More, citizen of Aberdeen and 
professor. The f eUds nixt to the gaits of the citie are fruitfull 
of corns, such as oats, beir, quheat, etc., and abounds with 
pastures; bot any wher after yow pas a myll without the 
toune, the countrey is barran lyke, the hills craigy, the plains 
full of marreshes and mosses the f eilds are covered with heather 
or peeble stons, the come f eilds mixt with thes bot few. The 
air is temperat and healthful about it : and it may be that the 
citizens owe the acutenes of their witts therunto, and their 
civill inclinations, the lyke not easie to be fund under so north- 
eriie cUmats, damped for the most pairt with air of a grosso 

6 



oonfiistaiioe. However, it is snre tliat Aberdeen Is repnted 
(and not without just cause), the seminarie of so many qnho 
ather are or have been remarkable for wisdome, leamiog, 
gallantrie, breeding, and civiQ conversatione. 

Under the name of Aberdeen two touns are comprehendit, 
New Aberdeen and Old Aberdeen. The first is situated upon 
the north bank of the river Dee, and owght rather to be called 
Aberdee. Some (bot poets onHe) give it the name Devan, as 
the oldest name. The old toune, which justlie owght to be 
called Aberdon, is the other, and is situated hard by the river 
Done. New Aberdeen is a burgh royall (as they call them), 
and hes the freedome of a citie ; but Old Aberdeene, since it 
can not show the lyke, owght rather to be called a viUedge or 
a Dorpe then a toun or citie. 

Some affirme that the word Aberdeen being Irish, signifies 
in our languadge the Deans building or work; bot falslie, ffor 
it is a composit word, and in the old Brittish language signifies 
nothing bot the enterance wher the river Dee disambogues into 
the sea ; Aber, in their language, signifieing a rivers mouth ; Dee 
implies a blak river, or such blaknes as is proper to water. 
Hence we see the name of Dee to be commone to some other 
rivers in Brittane and Ireland, besyde this river. It may be 
that ther is too much spoken concerning the reassone of its 
name, yet I sie no reasone quhy any should irrationallie goe 
seek for its derivatione amongst the Hebrew radicall words, 
which a certaine pedant, quho hes added a descriptione to the 
mappe of Edinburgh, did not long agoe, and most ridiculouslie, 
deryving the name of Edinburgh from ane Hebrew radix, 
cheatts his reader, filling up paper with trifling grammatica- 
tions, in stead of a just descriptione : wheroff I desyre the 
reader to take notice ; for that description of his is in print, 
and subjoynit to a mappe of Edinburgh, which I published 
some yeirs agoe ; and all quho peruse it, take for granted that 
it is my work, quhUst thus I am not onlie abused, bot evne the 
oheef est and most floorishing citie of Scotland is exposit to be 
laughed at by such ane unworthie impertinent description. 

Non knowes who the first inhabitants of Aberdeen wer, nor 
quhat age it wes built in. The Roman eagles flew not that lenth : 
Meames and the Grangebeen Hills, which end at the mouth 
of Dee, over against Aberdeen, wes the march and bonndarie 
of the Bomane conquests. The first mention that we find of 
Aberdeen is in ye days of Qregory, "King of the Soots. This 
King, (iff Hector Boetius, the Scotish analist, say tmeth), 
began to reigne about ye yeer of Christ 876, who did erect 
Aberdeen into a bnxgfb vofillf whioh W^ wee aooompted UQ 



more tli&n a oonntrey villedge. The old oame wes not changed. 
He lykwayes gave unto the Ghnroh of Aberdeen many lands 
and priviledges; bot qnhat that chnroh wes, or what the 
priviledges and lands were, Boes hes forgotten to tell, or 
probablie oonld not tell. Thes wer afterward augmented by 
Williame, King of Scotland, qnho began to reigne 1165. Thia 
King is said to have keept his court some tyme at Aberdeen, 
and to haye built a paUace (such as it wes) ther, which, in his 
lif etyme, he gaye away to the Monks of the Order of the Holy 
Trinitie, that it might be ther conyent therafter in all tyme fol- 
lowing. Lykewayes, Alexander, the secund of that name. King 
of Scotland, who began to reigne Anno Chr. [1214], coming to 
Aberdeen with one of his sisters, called Issobell, who, bef or 
his coming thither, wes bot newlie come from England, did 
lykwayes enlarge Aberdeen with many immunityes. David 
and Malcome, Kings of Scotland, are said to have done the 
lyke before Alexanders tyme. Whether any other of the 
Scotish Kings did sojoume at Aberdeen any long time, it is 
uncertaine; yet this is sure, that all the Kings of Scfotland 
quho followed by successione, did ather ratifie the old privi- 
ledges of Aberdeen, or gave them some new ones, evne to this 
present tyme, so that it may be treulie said, that (Edinburgh onlie 
excepted) there is no citie in Scotland which enjoys larger 
immunityes. Nor is ther wealth [onlie] incressed by ther 
treading at sea, which they have laitUe leamit, or by ther land 
revenews, or by ther salmond fishing; but evne the quhoU 
market tonnes, villedges and hamlets of the shyres and 
countrey neerest neighbouring to Aberdeine (Kintore and 
Inuerurie excepted) are so far subject to thame that, without 
the licence of Aberdeen, they dare nather tradde in merchan* 
dice ather by sea or land. Besyde their salmond fishing, ther 
belongs many lands heretably to the citie, which are called 
ordinarlie the tonnes freedome or commontie, under which 
name the territory of Aberdeen stretcheth it selff four mylea 
westward into the province or countey of Marre, in which 
county the city it selff standeth. All that tract of ground wes 
gifted thame long since by the Kings of Scotland. 

The dtie of Aberdene hes felt severall changes since it wes 
builded; for, first, in the yeir 1333, David Bruisse being King 
of Scotland at that tyme, thretty English ships, who had been 
lent as ayds to Edward BalioU, came bef or Aberdeen in the 
night tyme, and heving sett a party of souldiers armed a shore, 
thes did enter the tonne so unexpectedlie, the citizens dreaming 
of no such surprise, that many of the touns men being killed, 
Xhef did buni9 th9 tome* The fpe raged for sex quholl dayes 



4 

tlieraftor (a ead sight to tlie beliolders) • Kotwithfitanding, tlie 
Englishes did preserve all the churches and religions houses, 
having sett gnards to keep them from taking fyre. Therafter, 
the tonne beginning to be repaired, wes called, for that cause, 
New Aberdeen. 

In the lait yeires, qnhilst the civill warrs did overmn all, 
ther wes no citie in Scotland which did snfTer more hnrfc than 
Aberdeen did, nor oftener, ather cessing, qnarfcering, plunder- 
ing burning, or slaughtering the inhabitants ; for the most pairfc 
it wes still garrisoned, and quhoever for the time commanded 
the neirest pairl of ye countrey, or was master of ye f eilds, it 
wes their f ashione to impose taxes upon Aberdeen, or for to 
cause them advance as much pay to the souldiers, or affoard free 
quarter to thame, as they thought fitt to requyre: and not 
seldome wer the inhabitants opprest and rifled by the insolent 
souldiers, quhilst such as commanded in cheef took transient 
quarters ther ; whence it came to passe that the citie, which 
floorished in wealth and trade, wes miserablie impoverished, 
and the generous citizens, afflicted by daylie calamities, and 
unworthie roberies, did lose their hearts in some meassur. The 
Marqueis of Montrose his pairty mostlie Irishes, did no small 
hurt to the tonne in anno 1644, September the 14, having 
killed many of the citizens, and by plundering of the toune. 
Thereafter the Marqueis of Huntlie, upon a tyme, having been 
provocked by a party of the Aberdeens garrison (quho wer 
covenanters), ther infall into his quarters in the night tyme, 
having followed thame clos at the heels, the very nizt morning 
did soddanlie beleguer the citie, and, after a few houres storm- 
ing the toune, he took it by force, and made all the garrisson 
prissoners, except such as wer killed in the storme. The citie 
thus attayned, after ane hours licence to his souldiers to 
plunder it, he causit sound a retreat to thame all, and quensh 
the fire which had been cast into the toune : in which actione 
not one toimes man wes killed, and the most pairt hade all 
ther goods and houses preserved saffe and intire. Tet nather 
did the blood shed therein by Montrose, nor a few houses burnt 
or rifled therin by Huntlyes souldiers, so much harme the citie, 
as twentie and three yeires continuall sufferings, whereby it hes 
been oppressed ; for quhat thes two did is a light matter 
compared with all that. 

In former tymes, K. Bobert Bruice made Aberdeen famous, 
by gayning his first victory over the Englishes, not far from 
thence, after his coming home from England, Anno Ch: [1306] 
In the last age, viz. in the year 1571, Adame (fordone of 
Auchindoune, brother to the Erie of HTmtl7; did heir ohtaine 



a viotorie over tlie Lord Forbes and hid followers $ not did 
Anohindonne compell any toimos-[maii] that day to be assisting 
to his party : Wherin George Bnchanan hes notoriously belyed 
this Anchradoune, out of that malice which (in favors of the 
Erie of Murray) he did bear to the Erie of Huntlie. In the 
way which goes from Aberdeen towards the Bridge of Dee, 
ther is ane inconsiderable stone standing up by the way syde, 
called the Grabe stone, from whence that fight took its name. 
Lykways, in the year 1644 above mentioned, that same stone 
,we8 watered againe with the blood of the covenanters and 
citizens lykways, they having then beine compellit by ther 
garrisons to take armes and joyne with them against Montrose, 
quho wes marching straight for the toune; that by this ther 
obedience, or by ther blood, tho Aberdeens men might a1;tone 
the wrath of the Covenanters, against quhome voluntarlie they 
had taken up armes, Anno 1639, under the command of James 
Erie of Aboyne, Huntlyes second sonne, and, in little more 
than four days space, had two several! tymes stood in armes 
against the Covenanters, first at Stoneheaven, thereafter at 
the Bridge of Dee ; in both which conflicts they were worsted, 
together with ther generall, Aboyne. For Montrose, then 
generall of the Covenanter pairty, first having compellit 
Aboyne to retire from Stonhyve, did imediatlie therafter gaine 
the passe of the Bridge of Dee by force, so that, for f eare, many 
of the. inhabitants at that tyme wer glade to leave the toune 
open to Montrose discretion, ther being none able to keepe him 
ont any longer. 

Lykewayes, long before that time, the Aberdeen's mens 
gallantrie wes remarkable at the bloody fight of Harlaw, 
which fell out Anno Ch : [1411]. Alexander Stewart, Erie of 
Marre, being generall, wher ther gallantrie was secunded with 
better successe than it wes in our tymes ; for in that fight 
their curragious Provost, Bobert Davisone,* wes killed, and the 

* His body was l)rotight to the town by his snrviving oompanions-in- 
anna, and entombed in the north wall of St. Nicholas ^nrdi, before the 
Altar of Stb Ann, which had been fonnded hy hia father many years 
before near the Great Arch of the Steeple. The place of his sepnltore 
was marked by the following inscription in the wall of the Old Churoh:— 

SIR ROBERT DAVIDSON, 

BIiAIN AT HABLAW. 

JES^wM AMtaitu. 

* When the nave of this fitbrio fell 'to rains about the year 1740, the 
repnains of the body were discovered, ^^th a smaJl crimson cap oovezing 
tiiehead. 
AinoDg many other baronst Sir Alflyanfler Irrfne of Itanoa waa ckLaixL 



6 

Aberdeins men, qnlio wer partakers of tlie viotorie, vetnmit 
home triitmpliantlie, with ther onUores displayed. That verie 
ensigne which they hade at Harlaw wes to be seen in our 
tyme, and not losed till their nnhappie encounter with Mont- 
rose, Anno 1644. 

Aberdein lykewayes hes proved a nnrcerie and seminary to 
many leamit or warlike, of qnhome not a few hade their birth 
or ther extraction ther. Of which number the most remarkable 
are Doctor Williame Forbes, sometyme Bishop of Edinburgh, 
borne at Aberdeen, and minister ther ; Doctor Bobert Barrone, 
Professor of Divinitie lately in Aberdein ; Dr. John Forbes of 
Corse, Professor of Theologie ; Doctor William Leslie, the most 
les^rnit primar of the Kings Colledge ; Doctor Alexander Scrogy, 
preacher, of Old Aberdeen ; Doctor James Sybbald, minister, 
first at Aberdeen, then at Dnbline; Doctor Bobert Howie, 
Professor of Divinity not long since in the Theologie Colledge 
of St. Andrews ; Doctor Alexander Bos, borne at Aberdeen a 
divyne, a poet, and historian, qnho lived and died laitlie in 
England. 

Learned jnris-consnlts : — Sir John Skeen, some tyme Olerk 
Begister of the Kingdome of Scotland ; Mr. Thomas Nicolson, 
a leamit jnrisconsidt ; Mr. Williame Andersone, jurisconsult 
and mathematician and philosopher; Mr. James Bobertsone, 
laitlie Doctor of the Lawes in Burdeaux and publict professor ; 
Alexander Irwing of Lenturk, a leamit jurisconsult ; Mr. James 
Forbes of Corsiiadae, Doctor of the Lawes, living at this tyme 
in France i Mr. Bobert Burnet of Crimond, Lord of the Ses- 
sione, a gentleman leamit in law, divinitie, and history. Next, 
for humanists, philosophes, mathematicians, or historians: — 
Johne Leslie, in the former tymes Bischope of Bos, quho wrott 
the hystorie of Scotland ; Mr. David Wedderbume, the leamit 
grammarian and humanist; Mr. Thomas Beid, secretary for the 
Latine tongae to E. James the 6. ; Mr. Gilbert Gray, principal! 
of the Marishall colledge, and professor of philosophie ther ; 
Mr. Patrik Gray, mathematician ; D. Williame Gray, Doctor of 
Medicine, and not long agoe professor of philosophie in the col- 
ledge of Orang, in France ; Mr. Johne Johnstone, professor of 
divinity in St. Andrews, and a poet ; and the most leamit ma- 
thematician, Mr. Alexander Andersone, borne at Aberdeen; 
Bobert Gordon of Straloch, mathematician, and poet, and geo- 
grapher. Next for medioiners : — ^Doctor Duncan Liddell, borne 



in this battle. His body was buried on tSie field, where, in andent times, 
a caiin marked the ^aoe of interment. It was long known by the name 
of Drdm'8 Cairn.-^AefMMd;if, voU J. p. 61. 



ht Abdrdeindi A moit lefimit matheiMtiolAii, tkeologfue and 
philofioph J Doctor James Cargill, borne at Aberdeen ; Doctor 
Gilbert Jack, not long agoe professor of philosopbie in tbe 
University of Leyden, in Holland, borne in Aberdeen ; Doctor 
Arthur Jobnstoune, medidner in ordiner to two Kings, James 
and Gbarles, and the most renonned Latine poet of his nation 
in onr dayes ; Doctor William Johnstonne, laitlie professor of 
the Mathemaiick in the Marichall colledge of New Aberdeen ; 
Doctor Williame Gkxrdone, laitlie professor of medicine in the 
Kings Colledge of Old Aberdeen ; Fatrik and Bobert Dnnnes, 
both Aberdeins men borne; Doctor Alexander Eeid, laitlie 
professor of chimrgerie in Londone ; Mr. Thomas Bnmet, qnho 
lived in England laitlie ; Doctor Williame Davisone, presentlie 
medidner to the King oi FoUand. 

For land sonldiers, Ker, Urrie, Ghahner, and Johnstonne, 
and ther tonnsman, Sir John Stxsqnhane, knighted by King 
Charles the First for his notable service done at sea in the lait 
warres, who yet liveth ; all thes borne at Aberdeen. I shall 
take licence to snbjoyne to thes, two nthers borne ther : The 
first was David Andersone, the most skilfnl mechanick iihat 
lived in Scotland in his tyme, and George Jamesone, one of 
King Charles the Firsts paynters, qnho wes the first man quho 
made the ezcellencie of the airt of painting knowne in the 
north of Scotland. 

Ther are in Aberdeen also some remarkable families and 
snmames proper to the citie, qnho for many descents doretayne 
ther predecessors snmames, titles and armes, and oftentymes 
doe againe attayne to the offices and honours which ther predi- 
cessors bare. The most eminent among thes are the Chambers, 
Menzies, Collens, Collinsons, Lawsons, Grayes, Bntherfoords, 
and LesHes. Bot since the dtie hes growne in greatness, by 
freqnent and prosperons trading at sea, many other snmames 
have been endenized citizens, qnho are cadets of gentlemens 
honses, who, since they became bnrgeses, have left ther pos- 
teritie in a wealthy conditione. 

Aberdeen, when first fonnded, seems to have been sitnated 
at the brink of the firth of Dee, in the low ground, and not to 
have taken np all that snbnrbe which is now called the Green ; 
which may be proved by the convent of the Trinitie fliers, and 
is said to have been the pallace of King Williame. Sitnated it 
is upon the verie edge of the water, and not f arre thence, the 
rains of the old tolbooth is to be seen at the posteme gate of 
the Laird of Pitf oddells honse opening towards the shore. In 
progress of tyme, it seems that the citizens, by little and little, 
did fill the small hills acljoyning with the buUdings. In our 



•8 • • 

age, tbe mosii considerable pairt of the citie Btandeth upon 
them. Thea are tbrie in nnmber. The most northeille and 
the highest of the thrie is the €lalloT<rgate-hill, most ordinerlie 
callit the Windmihie-hill, becanse of the wind milne situated 
upon the tope theroff. The next is called the Gastell-hill, from 
the castell whioli stood sometymes upon a pairt of it. The 
third is called St. Eatharins-hiU, from a phappell bearing that 
name of old standing upon the top of it. The citie itselff is 
situated betnizt thes thrie, or at least the best pairt of it y the 
swelling of thes hills hardlie to be decerned by snch as walk 
along the streets, yit theyr hight is verie apparent to sach aa 
dweU in the suburbs, or to such as are without the toune. It 
is easie to oonjectpre that the dosses, lanes, and streets, have 
not been at the first buHding ohaulked out or designed by any 
geometricall rule. The buildings of the toune are of stone and 
lyme, rigged above, covered with slaits, mostlie of three or 
four stories hight, some of them higher. The streets are all 
neatlie paved with flint stone, or a gray kinde of hard stone 
not unlike to flint. The dwelling houses are oleanlie and bew- 
tifull and neat, both within and without^ and the syde that 
looks to the street mostlie adorned with galleries of timber, 
which they call forstaires. Many houses have ther gardings 
and oroheyards adjoyning ; every garding hes its posteme, and 
thes are planted with all sorts of trees which the olimat will 
suffer to grow; so that the quhoU toune> to snch as draw neer 
it upon some syia of it, looks as if it stood in a garding. or 
little wood. The unevne ground that the toune is situated 
upon makes it quyt incapable of walls or ditches or bastions, 
according to the modeme invention of f ortificatione ; yet dur- 
ing the time of the oivill warre, t^ce, bot in vayne, it wes 
at^mpted to be fortified, jor rather intrenshed about. At both 
tymes, scarce wer the works perfytted, when they wer throwne 
doune againe by the oommand of such as for the tyme seized 
. the tonne. 

Upon the west syde of the tovme, at a small distance, there 

' is a little green swelluig hill to be seen, corruptlie called the 

Woman^hiU, bot more properlie the Woollman-hill, because it 

is affirmed that in old tymes tiie sellers of wooll quho came 

from the neirest parts about the toune took ther stand ther 

upon meroat dayes. Under the verie hill there runs a spring 

. of water, andanother veyne of the same water in the midst c^ 

the -channell of a little brook, running dose under the foot of 

; that hill; yit itis easiHe distinguished, both by its taste and 

• ckdoor, from the, waters of t^ This spring ia known by 

I the nam^of :tfao« waU otBff^ .booowed isom^. ar.m called, I 



9 

finppofiej becatus it refiemblea in its taate and Terinea tbd 
waters ii Spaa in the bislioprick of Leige or Linchland, which 
is distant some 8 mylles from the citie of Tnngres. Yet in 
Bome things they differ ; for Spaa in Aberdeen is actuallie cold, 
bat that of Tnngres is hott when it is touched. In other 
things (ijQf Flinins may be beleived, quho desoiyves the waters 
of Liedge, lib. 31, cap. 2) it seems they differ not much. His 
words fffe as followeth : — ^the citie of the Tnngrieans hes a wall 
wheiT many bnbles doe distill, tasted like the ore of iron, which 
is not peroeaved till the end of the draught one leave to drink. 
This water pnrgeth the body, cnreth tertiane fevers, and the 
stone in the bladder. — Doctor Williame Barclay, an Aberdeins 
mediciner in onr age, did wreat a tractat concerning the natnr 
of the wall of Spaa besyde Aberdeen ; such as wold know 
mcire thereoff may peruse that treatise extant iu pnnt. Next to 
the well of Spaa hard by it, ther is a four squair f eild, which 
of old served for a theatre, since made a gardyne for pleasur by 
the industrie and expense of Greorge Jameson, ane ingenious 
paynter, quho did sett up theiin ane timber hous payniied all 
over with his owne hand. 

The street which is called the Gallowgaite, is hemmed in 
upon the west by a large fenny marrish, commonlie called the 
Looh, a f enne or pudle rather. Ther comes a brook into the 
marish, which bruik is kept in by dammes and bulwarkes. 
This brook encompasseth tiie loch, and drensheth it: Nor 
knew the citizens of old any easier or better way for to bring 
in that water to the citie, which serveth three milns and the 
posterns neereet to it. The reassone is not knowne why the 
street nearest to it is called the Gallowgaite, except it wer per- 
chance for the neighbourhood of some goibet, being since 
removed thence, or probablie because theives might be led 
through that street to ther executione, albeit at this tyme such 
nse to goe out at the port, which for that cause is called the 
Justice or Thief s port. 

Neerest to the Gallowgate Street is the Broadgait, or rather 
Broad Street, which took its name of old from its great breidth 
whereas at that tyme it and the parallel lane made up bot one 
street, albeit now the interjected row of building makes them 
two distinct streets. Bot the reassone quhye the gestraw 
either (by ane ambiguous Scotish word) hes been called after 
strangers lodging ther, or after spirits, can not be easilie con- 
jectured. The Gray freer church is most remarkable in the 
Broad Street, which pairteth the GoUedge Marshall from the 
street. This church is builded of assler, or squair hewed stone. 
Ifr wesacxxmiplishfid abput the year. 1600, at the chargias of B. 



10 

Gfttlne DimbAT, l>!filiope of Abei^deen at th^i tyme, And by kim 
gifted to tlie convent of the Grey friers haxd by. Itwea hardly 
preserved from being rasit to the ground in the yeer 1560 } 
and had not been that the Grey friers, upon the twentie three 
of Jannarie that yeir, did resigne ther chnrch, ther convent, 
and all the pvednct, by a pnbllct instrument, into the hands of 
the tonnsmen, gifting all to them, imdonbtedlie it hade nnder* 
gone the destroctione which so many brave chnrches and 
religions hooses fell nnder at that tyme ; bot the dtizena 
hindered its mine, and afterwarde, by ane act of connsell, 
ordaynt that the chnrch and all, shoidd be keept np and enteir 
upon the pnblict charges. It stood waist for many yeirs after 
that, and unrepaired. The citizens began to reedifie it. Anno 
1684, and hade f arre advancit the worke, Doctor Williame 
Gnilde, late minister of Aberdein, contributing thereto, by 
cansing glase all its great windows, which are many in num- 
ber ; bot, in the yeirs following, when all things were shaken 
loose, the soulders made use of it almost continuallie for a 
court de gnarde. In the yeer 1593, Sept^ the fourt, the 
tounsmen, by a pnblict deed, gave away the building of the 
convent itselff to the richt honorable George, erle Marishall of 
Scotland ; bot upon conditione that he would erect a philoso- 
phie coUedge ther. Nor did Marishall declyne to doe so, for 
that same very yeir he f onndit ane academic ther, whoes 
priviledges he procored to be ratified by the most illustrioua 
Prince Jameff the 6th his letters patent for that effect. Lyk- 
wayes, for yeirlie payment of the professors theroff, he gifted 
imto it the revenues of the convents of the Blacke freirs and 
Carmelite freirs of Aberdeen, which at that tyme wer his, and 
also supplied that with some of his own meins, for making up 
a competent livelihood to thame. Since it wes founded, the 
yeirly revenue of that ooUedge is not a little increscit by the 
liberall mortifications of severall gentlemen, schollars, or 
citizens of Aberdeen, off quhome the cheefest are Si^ Alexander 
Irwing of Drum, Anno 1680 ; Sir Thomas Crombey of Kemney, 
borne in Aberdeen ; Docter James Cargill ; 'Mr. Johne Johns- 
toune, divinitie professor in St. Andrews; Docter Duncan 
Liddell ; Docter Alexander Beid ; Docter Williame Guild ; Dr. 
Alexander Bosse ; Mr. Patrick Coupland ; David Chamberline. 
Mr. Thomas Beid gave them ane compleit bibliotheck, and 
mortified ane yeirlie stipend to ane quho should be the biblio- 
thecar or keeper theroff. Since which tyme ther library is 
much improved by the additione of many volumes gifted by 
others, and adorned with many mathemal^cal instruments. 
Doctor Bob^ Howey was first pxiscipall heer; then Doctor 



11 

WilliAine Forbes; after him Hr. Gilberfc Gray, to qtihomd 
snoceeded Doctor Patrick Dun j and finalie, Mr. Wflliamo Moir, 
professor of the mathematicks ther. Also heir did the most 
leamit Doctor Robert Barrone professe divinitie. Heer lyke- 
wayes did Doctor Williame Jolmstonne professe mathematick. 
First when it wes f oundit, it hade no dependence npon the 
TJniy ersity of Aberdeene, and wes little morethanaphilosophie 
school, till the illnstrions Prince Charles the First, in the yeer 
1641, licenced it to be made a member of the Universitie, and 
cansit bothe to be called after his owne natne, King Charles's 
UniTersity. This coUedge, which at first the Earle Marshall, 
after his awne name, called the Marshall Colledge, besyde the 
library keeper, hes bot sevne masters and professors, the pro- 
fessor of divinity, the professor of mathematick, thi«e readers 
of philoBophie, of qnhom one is to be the principall, a readder 
of the Greek langoadge, and a professor of hnmanify. 

After the Broadgait Street followes the street called the 
Castelgaite, the passage betnixt thame being a short narrow 
lane called the Hnckster' Wynde. The Castellgaite Street is a 
sqnair abont 100 walking passes in breadth and twyoe as mneh 
in lenthe ; nor can Scotlfmd show such ane other. It is the 
mercat place, and gives room abundantlie to the weeklie mer- 
cat, which is made up by the confluence of the country people 
dwelling neer about the toune. The tonus hous or tolbuith 
taketh up ane comer of the street ; builded it wes aimo 1191, 
and not long since enlarged and adorned with a towre and high 
spire covered with lead, wher they have ther commone bell and 
prisone. The tolbuith serveth for a publict meeting place of 
the citizens and of the gentlemen of the shyre. The citizens 
keep ther publict records therin. It is lykwayes ther counsell 
hous ; and in severall rooms theroff, the high shirreff or his 
deputs and the citie magistrats doe administer justice daylie. 
In it lykewayes are prissons for severall sorts of delinquents. 
This tolbuithe is famous for Marie Queen of Scotland her 
presence, quho after Huntlie was brock at Currichie, did from 
a window theroff behold the beheading of Johne Gordone of 
Findlater (son to the Erie of Huntlie killit upon thefeild bot 2 
days befor or therby), not without tears ; the Erie of Murray, 
her naturall brother, having ordered his executione of Hs 
prissoner against her will, quho durst not controU it at that 
tyme. The most remarkable amongst the rest of the buildings 
c^ this street are the houses of the Earle Marishall and Laird 
of Pitf oddells over against the tolbuithe. In this street stand 
lykewayes the two mercat croces. The high croce befor the tol- 
bootb, called alao the flesh crooe, by reaaaone of the shambles 



18 

and flesh mereat beeyde it) lykewayes it Bcrrea to pnblict 
proclamations heir intimated; lykewayes it is at this crosse 
that the citizens doe perf orme all their solemnities upon their 
f estivall dayes. The other lesser crosse is callit the fish crosse, 
at which ther is a daylie fish mercat keept. Upon the north 
syde of the Castellgate ther is to be seen amongst the gardings 
a certaine obscure and scarcelie now decemible mine or f nnda- 
tione of a small building, overgrown with briars and thorns, 
which snmtyme belongit to the Friers or Beed Preers Tem- 
plars. No farther accompt can be givene theroff; for at this 
tyme the very mines are almost ruinated. The way lyeth to 
the Oastelhill through ather of two porta or gates. It is sandie 
soyle, the toppe of it flatt, not much higher than the street. 
The syde of it neerest the shore verie steepe, as all the 
gairdings of the street are which overlook the haven. There 
is another litle hiU almost one with the Castelhill, called the 
Heading Hill, because that in the narrow lane that pairth thes 
two hiUs, murtherers are sumtymes beheaded, or at least have 
been. Both thes hills at a distanoe seeme to be bat one hill. 
The Kings of Scotland built a castell upon the Castellhill ; to 
quhat purpose it is not easie to conjectur, being that there is 
no water to "bp found about, tho never so deepe digged ; which 
the Englishes laitlie fand to be true. That castell, after it 
hade stood ther for sumtyme, wes taken by the tounsmen ; the 
Englishes, who hold a garrisone ther, ather killit or ohasit 
away ; and least at any tyme therafter it should prove a yock 
upon the tounsmens necks, they rased it to the ground, and in 
place theroff builded a chappell, which they dedicated (accord- 
ing to the f ashione of the tymes) to St. Niniane ; hoping by 
that meins that the hill being converted to a holy use, it wold 
be unlaufull for any to attempt to imploy it againe to a 
profayne use any more. The chappell remayneth as yit vode : 
upon the end of which that looketh to the sea, and neerest the 
shore, ther wes of old a beacone, which by night might direct 
saillers into the harbory. That night beacon is extinguished 
and neglected long agoe. In the yeer 1654, St. Niniane could 
not keep his chappeU and his hiU from being enclosed with a 
sconce built with lyme and stone to a great hight by the 
Englishes, once more masters theroff. Tet that worke stood 
not fullie 6 y eers after it wes perf ytted, untill by the command- 
ment of the most illustrious G^eorge Duke of Albemarle, in the 
end of the yeir 1659, it waa slighted, and the tonnes garrisone 
removed, to the great joy and ease off all the citizens. 

Ther is a Lane that leadeth from the Castellgate Street to 
(he key ac wharfeif.oaUe^ th^ fizdieqner:]^^^ beot^is th^at^Ipng 



agoe tlie Kings ezoheqner did sit theit, iho xnAny yeirs Agoe 
Bince removed to Edinburgh. It may be that some old silver 
peices of monie (laitlie extant) ooyned at Aberdeen, with this 
inscriptione npon one of the syds, YEEBS ABEBDEE, may be 
some proof of this ; however, at this time, that verie name of 
the lane is almost wome out of f ashione, and pairtlie forgotten. 
Ther are two other streets, which through two gates goe 
downward from the Broad Sb^eet to the great church. The 
one of them is called the Upper Eirk gate or street, the other 
the Nether kirk gate or street. The church, eaUed of old St. 
Nicholas Church, is mostlie builded of ashler, covered with 
lead ; the steeple lykewayes obeliskwayes, rysing up verie 
high, covered over also with lead, doeth abimdantlie supplie 
the low situation of the church itselff. Ther is no church so 
neat and bewtif uH to be seen in Scotland ; and albeit it be past 
600 yeirs since it begane to be builded, yit all thinges about it 
look so fyne and sound, that it seems to be bot newle builded. 
Off old it was divydit into thrie distinct churches, the greatest 
called the Old Kirk, the secund the New Eirk, the third, a 
vaulted church, called for that cause, both then and now, the 
Lady of Pittye her Vault. It supporteth the east end of the 
New Church, the floor theroff, levelled out of the slopping 
churchyard, makes the doore threshold no lower than the 
churchyard itself e, neither doth the arched roof e thereoff raise 
that pairt of the New Church floor bot 8 steps or greeses 
higher then the rest of the floor, and thes so artificiallie 
contryved, that they tend to the greater bewtifieing of the 
church above. Bothe churches above are supported with two 
rowes of stone pillars, having large rooms behind the pillars. 
Ther roofs are solid with wainscot. The Old Church b%an to 
be builded by the citizens about the yeir 1060, the fabrick 
augmented by litle, and litle, and enriched with gifts dedicated 
therunto. There hangs in its steeple thrie great bells ; thes at 
everie half hour by helpe of the clocke repeat thrie perfect 
distinct musicall notes, fa, sol, la. Two of thes bells, as also 
the great clock, wer gifted to that church by Williame Leith of 
Bams, provost of Aberdeen about the year 1313. The cheefest 
citizens have their proper buriall plaices in thes churches, as 
some noble and gentle men have theirs also, as the Lords of 
Forbes, first of that name, the Knights of Drum, Irwings, and 
the familie off Pitfoddells, Menzies's. Lykewayes, that leamit 
man. Doctor Duncan Liddell lyes buired in the Old Church; 
his tombe stone, covered with brasse, with ane inscription 
suteable to his worth engraved therupon. The New Church 
was not began to be builded till the the yeer 1478| and not 



14 

finished bef or tlie year 1493, upoxi tlie dides charges, as the 
Old Kirk at first was. In the year 1560, it went neer to have 
been overthrowne, hade not the citizens taken arms and 
gwarded it, and withstood the attempt of the congregatione 
lords. In our tyme, the vanlted or Low church serves for no 
other use hot for laying np lead and nther materialls necessarie 
for keeping up the f abricjc of the chnrdh. At that tyme that 
the Pope his power was banished out of Aberdein, the utensils 
of both churches wer valued ajid told by pubHct proclamatione, 
and rated at 142 pundis Scotis money ; and Patrick Menzies, 
then the citie thesaurer, made countable for them, or that rate 
and pryce for them, albeit some of the tounsmen did protest 
pubhctHe that such money should not be brought into the 
conmione good, and took instrument therupon. Yit af terward, 
the next yeer, Maij 8, they fell upon a new resolution, for to 
imploy that money upon publict works, and for armes and am- 
munition. In the tyme of poperie ther wer no lesse than thretty 
alters and alterages, to everie of which belonged sett revenues, 
all to be seen in thes thrie churches, each of them dedicated to 
a several! Sanct (as thes of the Eoman Church use). Bot I 
suppose it wold be tedious to aU, and offensive to many, to sett 
doune ther severall names, since the least mark or footstep of 
any of thes alters is not extant at this tyme. Both churches, 
which now are parted by a wall, are adorned with galleries, 
pewes, and dasks of wainscot, both bewtifull and commodious, 
and severaUs of them guilded. The quholl f abrick is encom- 
passed with a large church court, planted about with great ash 
trees. 

Upon the wall of the churchyard standeth the musick 
Bchooll ; and hard by is the grammar schooU. The masters 
stipends are yeerlie paid out of the commone good. D. Patrick 
Dun, lait principall of the Marishall Colledge, did mortifie the 
villedge and lands of FerrihiU to the grammar schooU, that by 
the yeerlie revenue therofij four under masters (Doctors they 
call them) might be yeerlie enterteened. 

Next to the Grammar School stood the Convent of the 
Blackfreirs. Its circuit in all took up that parcell of groimd 
that lyeth betuixt the Grammar SchooU and the WoolmanhiU, 
evne to the edge of the loch ; and it is to be seen enclosed as 
yit with ane high waU of stone and lyme, bot now much de- 
faced and broken downe in severaU places. That Convent of 
the Dominicans, together with their church, was so industri- 
ouslie razed, Januar\j 4>, 1560, that now ther is nothing of that 
building to be seen, l^me it is that some privat citizens have 
liaised up ^oodlie houses out of its robbones. 



ii 

Hard by tbe east end of the New Chnroli is situated the 
Beidhouse or toons hospitall, pairted from the church by a 
small lane interjected betnizt thame. The use of that hospitall 
is for maintainimce of a certaine number of burgess, or guild 
bretheren as they call them, quho become depauperat. C^ old 
ther stood a chappel ther, defeated to Sainct Themes. Next to 
it eastward, stands another hospitall, which the dyers societie 
of Aberdein haye very laitlie erected for the use of ther sodetie. 
St. Katrins hill is compassed about with buildings, gardings, 
and a street, not to be seen within the toune, for the houses 
within the gates oyertop it or equal its height. Yitit overlooks 
aJl the suburbe called the Green, and to such as stand upon the 
top of it, gives a full prospect of St. Nicholas Church, the firth 
and river of Dee, the villedge of Torrie, pairt of the sea cost, 
and of the nearest hills and come f eilds which ly westward of 
the dtie. It took its name long since from a chappell which 
stood upon the top of it, which was dedicated to St. Eatherine, 
buildedbythe then constable of Aberdeen, anno 1242 The 
founders name is forgotten, and the chappell itself long agoe 
rased to the gmnd. 

The bnuke called the Den Bume runs beneath the west 
syde of the dtie ; upon the brisk quhairoff [near] a litle stone 
Iffidge, at that pairt wher the brooke entereth the river Dee, 
the Carmelites of old had a convent, whoes church aud quholl 
precinct of building wer levelled with the ground, that very day 
that the rest of the churches and convents of New Aberdeen 
wer destroyed. Ther remayneth theroff now onlie ane kilne, 
which standeth in the outmost south comer of the citie, known 
this day by the name of the Freer Eilne. 

The Trinitie Church standeth upon the water syde. Besyde 
it, is the Tradsmens of Aberdeens Hospitall. First, it was Ejng 
Williames dwelling place, and it was a convent to the Trinitie 
Freers, quho were drivene from thence long agoe. The societies 
of the tradsmen of Aberdeen began to repair the ruinous church 
and buildings thereoff, anno 1630, at ther expenses ; towards 
which Doctor William Guild did contribute a considerable 
sowme, and severallie mortified ane livelihood to ane quho 
should be a constant oatechist at that churche. 

After you have gone eastward a Htle thorrough a street, the 
quay or wharfe is next to be seen. Builded it wes anno 1526, 
Gilbert Menzies, of Findoue being provost. It was enlarged 
and repaired afterwards. In the yeir 1562, Fatrik Menzies, 
then thesaurer, with the dtizens consent, did bestow upon that 
work the price of the utensils of St. Nicholas Church. Anno 
X6d4^ the dtizens causit build a weghhous qv paokhous upou 



16 

the keyheadi wbloli eetres lykewayoB for a eofitome hoal» 
From thence the key runs downwards towards the villedge of 
Futtie no fewer than 500 walking passes, and it joins with 
Fattie ; a work of many yeires, oft times broken off. It is f acit 
upon every syd with dry stone, and filled np in the middle with 
sande. It was finished at last in the year 1659 with much 
labour, by meins qnhairoff it hes come to passe that a large 
quantitie of gronnd, which before was daylie at every tyde 
[overflowed], and wes a pairt of the firth, the sea being now 
keept quyt off, is become a fertile come f eild. 

At the end of the new key or peer standeth the villedge of 
Fnttie, and rnns domie abont 400 walking passes npon the syde 
of the firth till it meet with the river Dee itself. It is inhieib- 
ited by fishermen and mariners for the most pairfc. Bef or it 
ships doe ly, and lykewayes heir is a docke for building or re- 
pairing of ships. It is a paroshen by it selff, and hes its owne 
parosh church, builded upon the expenses of the citizens of 
Aberdeen, anno 1598, then called St. Clements Ohappell. The 
churchyard not long since wes builded and enclosit with a ^^ 
goodlie wall of lyme and stone by a citizen of Aberdeen. 

Beyond Futty lyes the fisher boate heavne ; and after that, 
towards the promontorie called the Sandenesse, there is to be 
seen a grosse bulk of a building vaulted and fiBatted above 
(the Block-hous they call it), begun to be builded anno 
1513, for guarding the entrie of the harborie from pirats and 
algarads ; and cannon wer planted ther for that purpose ; or 
at least that from thence the motions of pirats might be 
tymouslie foreseen. This rough piece of work wes finished 
anno 1542 ; in which yer lykewayes the mouthe of the river 
Dee wes locked with cheans of irone and masts of ships cross- 
ing the river, not to be opened bot at the citizens pleasur. Over 
against the Block-house, upon the other side of the river Dee, 
ther wes lykewayes a little watch-tower builded upon the high 
ground, and a bell hanged up therin (the ruins of this bellhous 
yit to be seen). It wes appoynted that a centinell should be 
sett ther at all tymes, who should ring the bell upon the dis- 
coverie of any ship approaching ; bot this divyce is layde by, 
long since as useles, and the Block-hous itself not made use off 
bot in the tyme of great alarms, and when f orrayne incursions 
are feared, at quhich times commanded pairties of the citizens 
keepe guarde ther by tumes. Upon the south syde of the water 
mouth of Dee there is a promontory called the girdlenesse, 
which extendeth itselff eastward by the lenthe of a Scottish 
myll into the sea called the German Sea. This is the eastmost 
poynt of the Grangebeen HiUS| which from thence run towards 



17 

Glasgow, and divyde Scotland in two pairts with ther great 
and vast wyndings and turnings of many hills, woods, rocks, 
and deserts. 

The entrie into the harbory is somequhat dangerous by 
reasone of a sand bed, comonelie called the Barre, that croces, 
the mouth of the harbory into the sea ; nor dare any yentur 
but expert pillots quho can guyde the way, and have the help 
of the wind and tyde. Once entered, the harborie will conteene 
many and great ships. Men of warre and merchand ships of 
greatest syze and burthen ly at Torrie in the verie channell of 
the river Bee. Lesser vessells goe up to Futtie, or by help of 
the tyde at high water goe up to the citie, and ly closse all 
along the peer, wher they ather unloade ther goods or take 
in ther fraught. The river mouth, utherwayes narrow enewgh, 
is yit more contracted by a bulwark or peer made up ther of 
dry stone and great timber. Within the harborie at high water 
it looks lyke a great firth, bot at low water it is dry all over. 
Ther are some inshes within the harborie, of small worth, not 
.^^pverflowed by the tyde, upon which stand some corfe houses or 
^^Todgings belonging to the salmoud fishers, for laying up their 
salmond. The salmond are taken all along the river over 
against the citie, ordinerlie in great abundance at a low water. 
Thes are accounted in France (wher they are mostlie sold) the 
best in Scotland ; and for the salmond the citizens yeirlie draw 
a considerable soume of money. As for the most pairt of the 
fyrth, it is not to be crossit to and againe bot by quherries, 
cook boats, or fisher boats. 

Ypon the east syd of the citie and of Futtie ther lyes many 
tsAr f eilds, fruitful! of corns, quheat, bear, oats, pease, and pot 
hearbs and roots. Thes are marched by the f eilds near the sea 
syde called the Lynks. The most remarkable amongst thes is 
tiie fair plaine called the Queens Links, the reassone of the 
name unknown. The Lynks extend themselves almost betuixt 
the two rivers of Done and Dee. Heer the inhabitants recreat 
themselves with severall kynds of exercises, such as foot ball, 
goffe, bowlling, and archerie. Heer lykewayes they walk for 
ther health. Nixt to thes is the sea shore^ plaine and sandie, 
wheo^ at low water ther is bounds for horse races no less than 
two mylls of lenthe. 

Such as goe out at the Gallowgaite Port toward Old Aber. 
deen, halff way almost, may see the place wher of old stood the 
lepers hospitall, called the Seick Hous, hard by the way syd, 
to whioh ther was a chappell adjoyned, dedicated to St. Anna, 
qtthome the papists account patronesse of the leapers. The 
oaimm Uooiicit one Mr. Alexander Gallaway, then person ol 

g 



18 

Kinkell, for to build that chappell anno 1519. Now both thed 
buildings are gone, and scarcelie is tke name knowne to many. 

Two my lis from Aberdene, towards the south-west, standeth 
the Bridge of Dee. It hes 8 pjks and 7 arches, all buildit of 
ashler stone, the greatest and brawest bridge now to be seen in 
Scotland, built at first at the cost of Williame Elphingstoune, 
bishope of Aberdeene, about the yeer 1518. After his death, 
his exequitor, Bishope Gravine Dunbar, oversaw the worke, the 
bridge being finished anno 1527. Gravine Dunbar did mortifie 
the lands of the villedge of Ardlar to the citie of Aberdeen for 
upholding the bridge. Neere to the bridge stood of old 
lykewayes a chappell dedicated to Mary as tutelar to this 
bridge; bot her chappell is long since taken away, yit the 
bridge is yit standing extant. 

The government of this citie, by the lettres patent of the 
Kings of Scotland, is to be by a provost chosine out amongst 
the citizens, to quhome are conjoyned four baillies, a thesaurer, 
and deane of gyld, and a certaine number of the citizens, quho 
make up the touns counsell. Such as beare thes offices for the 
tyme have onlie the power to choose the new ones quho are to 
succeed thame. Thus all the worthiest citizens have hope and 
encurragement in ther course for to attayne unto the most 
honorable pref errements. And befor now, sundrie well boruQ 
gentlemen have been provosts of Aberdeen, amongst quhome 
the Lairds of Fitf oddells often and with great applause ; and 
ther [are] not a few of the best of the citizens quho are joynt 
with that familie by consanguinity and affinitie, and esteemed 
it ane honour to be so. Nay, and in the yeer 1545, George 
Gordone, Erie of Kuntlie, the most powerfull of any in the 
north of Scotland, sought to be provost, and wes chosen, not 
without protestatione against his electione by many, as ane 
incroachment upon ther liberties ; which moved him presentlie 
to resigne it againe in favor of Thomas Menzies of Fitfoddells. 
The familie of Kuntlie lykewayes, in the yeer 1462, did enter 
into a league, offensive and defensivci with the tonne of 
Aberdeen, to last for ten yeirs. 

Many of the citizens trade in merchandize. The commodityea 
and staple wair which they carie out for the most palrt, 
salmond, course woolling cloath caUit playding, linning cloath, 
stockines, skins, and hyds, and all that the countrey yeilds. 
Thes they vent in Norroway, Swethland, Denmark, Pole, Grer- 
many, Holland, Flanders, France, Spayne, and England: for 
they trade in all thes countrey s, and bring home forreyne 
commodityes thence. Lykewayes, the cities of Aberdeen (and 
Air) have this speoiall privilediBfe alozxe amon^t all the touns 



19 

Q^ Scotland, that no tradsman or artisan can be barges, or 
exercise f orrayne trad ; which hes often been the occasione of 
great stryff betnixt the bnrgeses and tradsmen, and sometTmes 
hes come to bloodshed ; the tradsmen seeking in vaine for to be 
made partakers of that priviledge, and to be endenized, and 
the bnrgeses obstinatHe manteening ther old priviledge and 
rioht. 

The armes of the citie are ane escutcheone or a f eild gnles 
charged with thrie castells argent, enclosit with a double 
tressor counter flowred with flower de luces argent, supported 
with twa leopards tauny, the motto Bonaccord, a iE^nch word 
signifieing concord amongst the citizens. Thes armes wer 
granted to Aberdeen by David Bruce, King of Scotland, after 
that they hade regained the Castell from the Englishes, which 
they hs^e constantlie keept garrisoned from the tyme of 
Edward Longshanks, quho is said to have buildedit, or repaired 
it rather. Ther leader in this atchievement wes one Kennedy 
of Kearmuick; for which service his posteritie wer honored 
with the title and dignity of Constables of Aberdeen ; though 
that title and dignity be now prescryved. 

I have now subjoyned the prospect of Aberdeen to the mappe 
theroif ; the lyke quhairoff I did at such tyme as I had 
occasione to descryve Edinburgh, adding two litle prospects to 
its mappe : quhairoff I thought it necessar also to admonish the 
reader; for the cutter of that draught hes both abusit the 
buyer and me ; for having enlargit the two prospects of Edin- 
burgh, thereby to make the draughts sell the deirer, he hes 
f alsided both the prospects by that meins, so that nather of 
thame looks lyke the copyes, and, which is worse, not lyke to 
tihe two syds of the citie of Edinburgh, being misshtBipped 
according to his owne fancies. 

OLD ABESDEENE, OB ABEBDONE, 

Is ane English or Italiane myll distant from New Aberdeen, 
towards the northe. The distance betuixt the twa corses of the 
two touns is reckoned justlie a large Scotish myll. Old Aber- 
deen is enclosed with htle hills, pleasant come feilds, very 
fruitfull, and with pastures mixed amongst the plowghed 
feilds. It hes no freedome of a burgh royall, being at best bot 
» burgh of barronie ; scarce can a pedlar sett up a schope ther 
without the licence of New Aberdeene. It may rather be called 
a countrey villedge or market toune than a citie. It is said to 
have been first builded by King Ewen 2°*^ of that name. King 
of the 3oots, anno [mondi, 3894] bot without any good prooff. 



20 

That which gave it any ryse at first, seems to have been the 
removall of the bischops sea from Mortlich (wher ther is yet a 
parosh church, within a myll of Balyeny Castell) to this plaoe. 
The letters patents of King David, or the copyes theroff, are yit 
to be seen, by which he giveth the villedge of Old Aberdeen to 
the bischope of Aberdeene. Alexander the first of that name. 
King of Scotland, anno 1122, did actually remove the bischops 
sea hither. The bnilding of the colledge gave a second 
occasione to its growthe. The river Done toucheth npon the 
northmost pairt of Old Aberdene. It is lykewayes weell knowne 
for its salmond ther taken in abnndance. In Done lykewayes 
are found pearle, which are esteemed both for colour, shape 
and quantitie. They are found in a kinde of shell fish called 
the horse muskle. Old Aberdeen takes its name from the 
river Done. 

Above the wynding tume of the river Done standeth the 
great church called Macher Church. It wes once Cathedrall, 
now onlie ther parish church. It is builded of ashler stone, 
very great and high and statelie. It began to be builded at 
first by Henrie Cheyne, bischope of Aberdeen, anno 1320. The 
work was delayed by his banishment, the cause quhairoff wes 
that he had joyned in the rebellione with his imcle, John 
Cuming, Erie of Buchan. Alexander Kininmont, S^ bischope of 
Aberdeene, promovit the building anno 1333 ; which yeer the 
Englishes having turned in to Aberdeen, did lykewayes miser- 
ablie plunder this bischope and his channons. Afterwards, 
Henrie Lichtoune, bischope of Aberdeen, raisit the walls to 
ther just hicht, and builded the two stone steeples or spires 
that are yit to be seen upon the west pairt of the church. Anno 
1440, Bischope Ingrahame Lyndsay, his successor, did set one 
the rooff upon the church, and causit pave the floore of the 
church. Laitlie, Bischope WiUiame Elphingstoune builded the 
great steeple or tour thereoff, and did put into that steeple as 
many bells as weghed 12,000 pund weght, and covered both 
church and steeple with leade. Bischope Gravine Dumbarre, 
quho wes bischope immediatlie after B. Elphingstoune, builded 
the south ile of the church of ashler also. This church hes 
two row off stone pillars, a crosse church, and thrie steeples ; 
the greatest is supported in the midle of the church by four 
great pillars, which are arched above. Nor wes the f umitur of 
the church les costlie then the church itselfij having crucifixes,, 
chaleses, and uther utensils, all made of silver, some of thame 
of pure gold, set with many great and costlie precious stones. 
The weght of all this wes verie great; and then for the 
apperreU usit b^ the popi^ bisohc^s and chorehmeo^ tbe^ wer 



£1 

ftU athflp ci silk or relrett, or broydered with gold or silver, and 
thefl lykewayes in great varietie. It will hiu^lie be believed 
whftt the weght of the plaite amounted to, were it not that an 
old M. 8. yit extant, which conteens the particnlar accompt of 
all that belongit to that chnrch, pnts it ont of all donbt. To 
this church lykewayes belonged a bibliotheck ; bot about the 
yeer 1560 all wee ta^en away, or distroyed, or embaseled ; the 
bibliotheo then bnmed, and no book spared, wher any reid 
letter wes to be seene. The spire of the great steeple wes then 
vncoYered, as the chnrch was, and not many yeers afterwards, 
was overthrowne by the violence of a great storme of wind. 
The queere of the chnrch was rased to the very fnndatione. At 
this day it is bot the carkase of the former chnrch, covered with 
slates 9 yit the inhabitants doe hardlie keep it np nnminated 
altogether. Besyd the toombes of B. Lightonne and B. Dnm- 
barre, to be seene as yit in this chnrch, the familie of Hnntlie 
have ane hereditary bnriall place in this chnrch, the qnhich 
hes been laitlie againe made remarkable by the toombe of the 
noble and valorous George Lord Gordone, eldest sone to the 
lait Marqneis of Hnntlie, quho fell in the f eild of victorie at 
Alfoard, Jnlij 2. 1645. 

Upon the west end of Machar Chnrch, in the street inter- 
jected, stands the hospitall, founded by B. Gavine Dumbar for 
the manetinance of 12 poore men ; the revenues theroff much 
diminished in our dayes ; and the old men quho live ther are 
litle better than beggars. The Bischope of Aberdeins pallace of 
old closit up a syde of the chnrchyearide. It was large and fair; 
its buildings and gardin^, and its quholl circuit, all enclosit 
with a strong wall divyding it from the neighbour buildings. 
B. Alexander Kininmonth builded it ; but presentlie, except the 
garding, there scarce remayns one stone of it untaken away. 
Anno 1639, B. Adame Ballandine, then bischope of AberdeenOi 
wes glade to abandon it, and leave it as a prey to the Cove- 
nanters souldiers, quho at that tyme rifled and spoyled it, leav- 
ing nothing bot bare walls. Anno 1655, the !Ehiglishes took 
away the stones of the walls, having compelled all the nigh- 
bouring shyres for to transport them to the CastellhiU of New 
Aberdeine. The rubbish or stones which they left behinde 
them wer caryed doune to the King's College, anno 1657, to 
ther new worke. Nixt to the bischopes hous stood the chap- 
plan's chambers, so called of old. Thes doe enclose a large 
square court, now in part ruined. A pairt of that which re- 
mayne ther wes bought in our tyme by D. Johne ForbesJ of 
Corse ; and albeit he was thrust out of his place by the Cove- 
naaters in anno I610| yit did he mortifie his boos ther to such 



as Bhonld be professors of diyinity afier luni) wlio keep it as yit. 

Also the chaimons who made np the chapter of Aberdeen, 
hade ther seyerall lodgings abont the great church, most of them 
now ruinons. One of thes for many yeirs past was infested by 
evill spirits, and being abandoned was lykeways rased by the 
Englishes, and the stones theroff taken away. Another of thes 
lodgings, which standeth neerest to the port called the Ohanrie 
Port or the Olimyes Port, wes laitlie enlarged by the additione 
of a brave gallerie, adorned with varietie of paynting, as also 
with a gairding, the goodliest and the greatest in Aberdeen, by 
the indnstrie of Sir Alexander Gordone of Clunie, anno 1622. 
All of them are possest by priyat men, since the channons (as 
smelling too mnch of poperie) wer casheired. 

The Kings Colledge of Ab^?deene, situated at the south ende 
of Old Aberdene, is conspicuouse beyonde the rest of the 
buildings. Scotland does not boast of the edefice of any colledge 
more statelie or bewtif ull. It is all covered with lead about, 
except one quarter, which is purposelie slaited ; the church and 
great tower or steeple both builded of ashler : all the chtiroh 
windows of old wer of paynted glas ; and ther remayns as yit 
a pairt of that ancient braverye. In this church W|]^ Elphing- 
stoime lyes buryed, his tombe stone of black towtoh stone; 
the upper pairt upheld of old by thretteine statues of brasse ; 
his statua of brasse lying betuixt the two stons : all thes robbed 
and sold long agoe. Ther are two bells (of ten in that steeple) 
which are of a greater weght, each of them then any in 
Scotland besyde. Above a double arche crossed of ston ther 
standeth a crowne royall octangular supported with aight 
pillers ; upon the toppe of the crowne a stone globe ; above it 
a double crosse guilded ; intimating as it wer by such a bear- 
ing, that it is the Kings Colledge. It was everthrowne anno 
1631 by a furious tempest, bot quicklie afterwards restored 
in a better forme and conditione by the directione of Patrick 
Forbes of Corse, then bischope of Aberdeen; Dr. Williame 
Grordone overseing the work, and soUiciting everie quher for 
assistance therunto, which wes contributed considerablie by 
the noblemen and gentlemen dwelling in the countrey and 
neerest shyres. The librarie or bibliotheck is joyned unto 
the church, at first replinished with many goodlie volumes, bot 
since ather robbed, or embasled, or purloyned by unfaythfull 
keepers. At this tyme, by the liberalitie of severall donors, it 
begins to be replenished of new, and accresceth daylie. Under 
it hard by, is ther cabinet or jewell hous as they call it, wherin 
are layd ther patents and registers and publict records. Ther 
was much pretious stofflayde up ther of old, besyde all this, 



as 

Init loB^ a^ ]*ol)bed hy tlideres wlio brack in violdnilld iher. 
Next Btoode the Ghapterhons, now turned to a priyat scliooll. 
The commone Schooll and CoUedge Hall aboye it take np a 
qnholl syde of the base conrt. Ther parlonr is fair and bewti- 
fnll within. The sonthe syde hes npon everie comer two halff 
ronnd towers with leaden spires. In the year 1657, the sqnare 
of the qnholl edifice begran to be closed and compleitted by the 
additione of a new bxiilding, which ryses up above the rest, 
platf ormed and railed above ; the quhoU worke builded accord- 
ing to the forme and rule of architectur workmanlyke. The 
masters and members of the colledge attempted this new worke 
in a troublesome tyme, by the encurrafifement of the active 
snbprincipall, Mr. Patrik Sandilands. For compleitting this 
worke, everie of the masters consented willinglie to contribute 
a pairt of ther yeirlie lyveliehoods ; and lykewayes, as far as 
the povertie of the tymes would suffer, amongst so many cessis 
and impositions, many of the nobility and gentrie of the 
countrie about, gave in contributions. The lyke did almost the 
quhoU ministers of the provinces of Aberdeen, Murray, Bosse. 
Since the happie return of Charles the 2°f, anno 1660, Dr. 
Androw Moore, ther leamit professor of medicine, solicited so 
diligentlie at court, that he obteend a warrand from the 
Exchequer to pay as much as was necessar to finish this new 
worke. The quholl fundatione of this colledge, being builded 
in a marrish ground, is underlayde with great rafters of oak, 
which behoved to be great coast and travell. And that the 
reader once for all may observe it, ther is no church or bridge 
builded in or about Aberdeen of squair f rie stone, of which the 
stones are not brought thither by sea, from the quarries neer 
the firth of Forthe, or from the coast of Murray. Lykewayes, 
the inhabitants of Aberdeene are necessitat to bring from af arre 
by sea, the slaites, timber, and lyme. Bot to retume to our 
purpose. At the entrie of the Colledge standeth the Granunar 
Schooll. About the Colledge, at some distance, are the several! 
professors houses, some of them ruinous, uthers quyt demolisht, 
a few of them keept in their first integritie. The Colledge 
began to be builded anno 1500 [4*° nonas], of Appryle, which 
is testified by ane old inscriptione upon the frontispece of the 
church. It was built upon the expenses of the most worthie 
Bischope William Elphingstoune ; and twelve yeirs therafter, 
all the worke was finished by Gavine Dunbar, quhome he left 
exequitor. James, the fourth of that name, Eiing of Scotland, 
nndertooke the protectione of it, and caused it to be called the 
Kings Colledge. Pope Alexander the 6*^ and Julius the 2<*, 
prodigall of thai which they could not witholde, gave unto it 



24 

priTileclpreB equall witli the TJniversitie Of Paris and Bononia. 
Thes priviledges it enjoys to this day, not npon that accompt, 
hot by the grant of the Kings o£ Scotland and Acts of 
Parliament. The founder at first appoynted that ther shonM 
be 42 members in this nniversitie, all which were to have ther 
Beverall maintinances. Fonr of thes wer to be professors q| 
divinitie, a reader of Hebrew, a professor of the civill law, and 
another professor of the canon law, a reader of medicine, and 
ane humanist, a mnsiciane, quho wes to be Cantor or publict 
singer, besyde cuirists and bnrsers, 12 in number, thrie readers 
of philosophie, and one for the Greek tongue. The dignity of 
Chancelar he appoynted for to belong ever after to his success- 
ors, Bischops of Aberdeen ; and a Rector to be yeerlie chosen. 
Bot some of thes have failled since, and uthers are changed 
from the first institutione of the fundator. Laitlie ther hes 
been a new profession of theologie erected by B. Patrik Forbes 
of Corse, and a mantinance appoynted for him. The revenue 
of the Universitie at first wes verie great, but quicklie after, 
it was diminisht. In our tyme it wes much improved. Since 
it wes builded, it hes sent out and bene the nurserie of many 
brave spirits and men eminent for ther learning. It is famous 
for Mr. Hector Boetius, its first principall, quho wes borne at 
Dundee, ane of the wreitters of the Scotish Historic. Doctor 
William Leslie, a man of great and profounde learning, wes 
primar theroff not long agoe. Here lykewayes the leamit 
Doctor John Forbes of Corse wes professor of divinitie. 

At some Htle distance from the Colledge, towards the sowthe, 
stood the parish church of Old Aberdeen, called Sanct Mary of 
the Snow, its fundatione now scarce knowne. Quo first builded 
it, few can tell. A litle beyond it, beneth the high way to New 
Aberdeene, ther stood a church called the SpittaU Church, which 
hade St. Peter for its tutelar Sainct. It is lykeways rasit, and 
its fundator and the reassone of its being placed ther not 
knowne now. 

It remayns onile now for to speake concerning the Bridge of 
Done, distant about four or 500 passes from Old Aberdeene 
northerlie. It consists bot of one arche, bot that verie large 
aild high, scarclie to be equalled, most pairt of it builded of 
ashler, the two pyks theroff f oundit so upon two rocks as that 
they easilie breake the streame of the river, one of them receiv- 
ing it in a bosome, befor it meet with the bridge. Such as see 
it wold think that nature hade shaped that place for a bridge. 
From the bridge, Done runs now straight eastward towards the 
sea. Yit it is recorded that of old the river of Done did enter 
into the sea under the broad hill of the Lynks, takeing a great 



25 

tornd that way ; audit is affirmed that the long nartow loch 
called Cannowsweets Pott, which lyeth along a pairt of the 
Iiynks, was a pairt of the channell of Done, which did mn 
iHong that way. Lykewayes the oldest mappes of Scotland de- 
soryve the river of Done fetching snch a compas as is spoken of. 
J^o man can certainly tell who bnilded the bridge of Done. The 
oommone and most probable reporte is that the renomied Prince 
Robert Bmisse, King of Scotland, at snch time as he banished 
B. Henrie Cheyne from his sea, and drave him out of Scotland 
besyde, did command for to sequester the bishopes yeerlie rev- 
enne to be imployed towards pious uses, and that this bridge 
(which is lyke to be true) was builded with a pairt of that re- 
venue. And let it suffice to have given this short accompt of all 
that is most remarkable in and about bothe cities of Aberdein. 



DBSOEIPTION OP ABERDEEN IN 1685, BY ALEXANDER 
SKENE OP NEWTYLE, ONE OP THE MAGISTRATES OP 

THE CITY. 

Abeedeen is pleasantly situated upon three hills, which are all 
joined together by easy descents ; so as in the middle of the 
streets they are scarcely discernible. It is of circuit about 2141 
double spaces, through which six gates enter. Being built as it 
presently stands, it is difficult to be fortified in the ordinary and 
regular way of fortification, though it hath been divers times 
attempted in this our age, since the late troubles began. 

In the beginning of the late troubles, it was able to set forth 
eight hundred men in good array, and military furniture, to the 
fields, well trained for service, when called thereto. 

It being situated between the rivers Dee and Don, is said 
by Gteorge Buchanan to be piscater aalmowum nohilis — ^that is, 
excellent or famous for salmon fishing. As for the accomoda- 
tions and ornaments of our city, we have an indifferent good 
entry to our harbour for ships, especially since that great stone, 
Craig Metellan, was raised up out of the mouth of the river 
Dee and transported out of the current thereof, so that now 
ships can incur no damage ; which was done by the renowned 
art and industry of that ingenious and virtuous citizen, David 
Anderson ; — as also by that considerable bulwark the Magis- 
trates of late years caused erect at the mouth of the south side 
of the river, extending up the shore such a great length ; so 



M 

ihhi r&ey great fililps why enter and be safely presenred wben 

they are in without hazard. 

It will not be improper here to insert the following inf orxna* 
tion for the benefit of seamen or strangers who may have occa- 
sion to come by sea to Aberdeen, which skilful 'mariners have 
observed, and been at pains to set about at the Kagistrates' de* 
sire, which is as follows :— 

A ship coming from the south, bound for the road and har. 
bour of Aberdeen, a mile to the southward of the road, you will 
see a bay with a country church standing in the middle thereof, 
called the Kirk of Nigg ; to thenorthwe^ lieth the Girdlenesa 
or Aberdeen-ness, which, when ye come by, come no nearer the 
same than a long cable length, and, so soon as you come by it, 
you will see two sharp spire steeples ; which steeples you must 
run to the northward until you open the westmost steeple a sail- 
breadth northward to the eastmost ; there you may anchor on 
nine or ten fathoms water, where you may ride with southerly, 
northerly, or westerly winds. As for the harbour in the entry 
thereof, there is a bar wherin at low water there is scarce on it 
two feet water. On the south side of the bar stands a beacon, 
which in the incoming you must leave in your larbord side a 
ship's breadth free thereof, where commonly the best of the 
channel doth run. From the beacon to the eastward, even to 
the Girdleness, is all rocks. At spring tides there will be 
thereon fifteen feet water. At neep tides there will be no more 
than nine or ten feet. But I shall not advise a stranger to seek 
that harbour without a pilot, because it is a pilot's fair way ; 
and, as soon as you come to the road, you can always have a 
boat for piloting you into the harbour. The nearest rake of the 
said harbour is north-east and south-west, and, when you are 
within the said harbour, you lie land-locked for all winds ; but 
at low water our ships lie dry on very gfood ground. 

Aberdeen hath ever had, since the time of Popery, a gteat 
and fair fabric containing two great and spacious churches for 
public worship ; the greatest towards the west is called the Old 
Church, the lesser towards the east is called the New Church, 
with a stately spire or Rteeple. The churches and steeple are 
covered beautifully with lead, and within finished neatly with 
good desks and galleries of excellent workmanship of wainscot, 
and great and large lights and windows. 

In the steeple are three great and harmonious bells, in 
sound each descending below another, and these three bells 
strike twenty -four strokes at every half -hour in a sweet and 
pleasant concord ; the great clock having four fair horologies 
with ooDspiottoos figures olearly gilded, one to every airth'—yiaE., 



w 

Mmtlii north, eaRt, and west, for nee to erery part of the city 
and Bnbnrbs. These bells being rang for convening to pnblio 
worship on Sabbath days. There is bnt one bell mng first, 
at the second two bells, and at the third three bells, which 
make a grave and melodions melody. 

Also, there is another fabric in the midst of the city of a 
large length, called the Greyfriars Church, with a little spire 
or steeple called a bell, which is always rung for convening to 
all public lessons in the College. 

Also, another fabric, called the Trinity Church, with a little 
steeple lately repaired by the Trades. There is a chapel at the 
Oastlehill, called St. Ninian's. It had wont to be employed for 
the Commissary Court, and the rest of it for the common use 
of the city afikirs. But now the Bishop hath taken back that 
Court to the Old Town, as being his privilege. 

There is a smaller fabric built by the citizens for the inhab- 
itants of the village of Futtie, appointed for catechising that 
people, which since hath had a minister to preach, though not 
as a distinct parish; all the citizens and that people being 
under one session or consistorial for discipline. 

There is a great Town-house in the market-place, called the 
Tolbooth, wWch hath a fair and spacious room for the courts of 
judicature to sit in ; such as the head-courts of the shire and 
city , with the Sheriff and Baillie Courts ; above which there is 
a magazine or storehouse for warlike ammunition, &c. It hath 
also another large stately room where the Magistrates and 
Town Council convene, under which is the low Council-house 
where the Dean of Guild and his Assessors meet for affairs 
peculiar to the Brethren of the Guild; as also the Commission, 
ers of the Shire for cess or such like common concernments ; 
together with another room called the Clerk's Chamber, which 
hath accommodation for clerks and writers. Upon the east 
end thereof there is an high tower with two battlements, upon 
which is erected a high and stately spire or steeple covered 
with lead, under which there is a great clock and bell, and 
under the same are several rooms for prisoners, both high and 
low. 

There is also a large and high house called the Pack-house 
and Weigh-house, wherein are a great many rooms for merchant 
wares of all sorts, near to the shore — the shore being, as is 
said, of late years greatly enlarged ; so that it is a pleasant and 
considerable walk from the city to go to the farthest end 
thereof, which leads, to the fields and towards the harbour 
mouth. 

The Market place is larger than in any town of the kingdom. 



18 

being 124 double spaces in length, and about atbird part tbereof 
in breadth, where it is narrowest j so that two regiments of 
foot soldiers may be drawn up in rank and file. 

There is one of the stateliest bridges in the kingdom over 
the Dee, of seven arches of a like and equal largeness, within 
two short miles of the dty ; and there is another, north the city, 
of as high and great arch, over the river Don, both which are 
maintained by the dty upon proper rents mortified for the 
same use. 

In the middle of the dty there is a Philosophy College, the 
houses whereof were purchased by the city in consideration 
that Greorge Earl Marischal, grandfather to the present Earl, 
out of his zeal to the public good and his respect to the city of 
Aberdeen, did mortify public rents for the the Principal and 
four Eegents of the said College, and now hath a public Pro- 
fessor of School Divinity, who teacheth a public lesson two 
days every week during the sitting of the College; also, a 
Professor of Mathematics, who, upon other two days every 
week, teacheth lessons. There are also lessons of arithmetio 
and geometry, taught by the masters thereunlo appointed by 
that renowned, famous, and learned physidan Dr. Duncan 
Liddel, who mortified a considerable rent to the Professor of 
Mathematics and six Mathematical and Philosophical Bursars 
for six years. There are many sums of money mortified to said 
College since the erection thereof, whereto the Town Council 
of Aberdeen are worthy Patrons ; so that it appears there hath 
been more charity extended within these 120 years, since the 
reformation of religion from Popish idolatry and superstition, 
than hath been in all the ages before which our town accounts 
of mortified monies for schools, colleges, hospitals, guild box, 
common poor, Ac. can evidence. This College hath a copious 
library, which was at first plenished by the city of Aberdeen, 
who took all their books they had laid up in the upper room 
above their session-house and transmitted them to their own 
library in the College for the uses of all concerned ; and Dr. 
Beid, Secretary in tne Latin tongue to King Charles the First, 
left a salary to the keeper of the said library, which library hath 
been augmefnted in its books by several mortifiers, as by the said 
Dr. Beid, the forementioned Dr. Liddell, who mortified about 2000 
merks worth of books, and twenty merks yearly to buy Mathe- 
matical books and instruments, and Dr. Wm. tfohnston. 
Physician and Professor of Mathematics here, and by Dr. 
Patrick Dunn, a learned physician. Principal of this College. 

Also, there is a Grammar School, which hath a chief master 
and three teaching xnasterter under himj to whom the eaid Dr. 



29 

Dunn mortified 1200 merks of yearly rent, by which the city 
ifl disburdened of what they paid yearly to the former masters 
thereof. 

We have a School for Music, which was taught of old by 
very eminent musicians in this city. There wants no oppor- 
tijnity in this city for youth, both male and female, to learn 
any manner of good and commendable skill in such things as 
may best qualify them. 

There are four hospitals in this city, one for decayed 
brethren of gpcdld ; a second for indigent widows and virgins of 
brethren of guild, lately purchased by a sum of money mortified 
by Dame Marian Douglas, daughter to the some time Earl of 
Bnchan, and late Lady Drum, for the honour the Magistrates 
and city conferred on her deceased husband at his burial in 
Aberdeen in 1632 — ^the rents whereof were augmented by a 
considerable sum mortified to this hospital by James Milne 
Elder, merchant, who also mortified 100 pounds yearly to two 
Philosophical Bursars in this College, with 500 merks to this 
Kirk-Session. 

A third hospital for tradesmen, founded and built by the 
deceased Dr. Wm. Guild, some time preacher in Aberdeen, and 
lately Principal of the King's College in the Oldtown This 
hospital hath a spacious comely room, where the deacon or 
oanvener courts meet. 

A fourth hospital for Litsters, the rent whereof was mortified 
by Archibald Bean, Litster, by which they have built a goodly 
house with a stately entry. The use of this rent is for the 
benefit of decayed Litsters, their wives, children and servants ;. 
several of whose daughters have been provided with suitable 
portions out of the same rent, and thereby honestly married. 

There are eight mills belonging to the city, and lands there- 
unto pertaining ; whereof a new mill is built of stone and lime, 
at the south entry of the city, which may be of excellent use if 
carefully kept. There are two water mills within the suburbs 
of the city, and five near by in the adjacent territories belong* 
ing to the city- 

We have a choice medicinal spring, called the Well of Spa, 
at the Woolmanhill, built with hewn stone, ver^ specific for 
gout, gravel, colic, and dropsy, as the late Dr Wm. Barclay, 
physician, did learnedly describe, 1615, which is now reprinted 
when the well was rebuilt, 1670, the copies whereof the Dean 
of Guild hath in his custody, to which every person concerned 
to know its virtues and how to use the samei is referred. 



ao 



BIISCRIFTION Of ABEEDEENSHIRE, BY SIE SAMUEL 

FOEBES OF FOVERAN.* 

There being hitherto no Description of this Shire^ the purpose 
is, either to afford materialls which may be pnt in better forme 
by a more sMUfull hand ; or to describe it so as the ingenious, 
still desirous of knowledge, but not having occasion to travell, 
may see its lineaments as in a mapp, or its image as in a 
mirrour : And, it being morally impossible for any not to wish 
the place, where he drew his early and innocent breath, to be 
beautified as a garden, it appears not unfitt, for the reader's 
greater contentment, that this Description be variegated with 
remarkeable events, at the places where they happened, and 
congruous remarks thereupon, and with the origin and vicissi- 
tude of families, as far as is known. 

This shire is situated in the fifty-first degree and some min- 
utes of northern latitude ; and so is about eleven hundred Dutch 
leagues, or seventeen himdred French leagues, or three thousand 
four hundred miles, from the middle of the land ; and in ... • 
degree of longitude. 

. The countreys conterminous to Aberdeenshire are Mems, to 
the south ; Angus to the southwest ; and, to the east, for a tract 
of thirty miles, it hath the Grerman ocean ; keeping the opposite 
or western shore of Norway at sixty leagues distant from it. 

As Scotland is divided into shires, so Aberdeenshire is sub- 
divided into several tracts of land, known by different names — 
viz., Marr, Formartine, Buchan, and Garioch. 

Marr, lying between the rivers Dee and Don, hath about two 
miles of sea coast ; and those rivers are no where above eight 
miles distant from one another. 

* This gentleman, descended of the ancient family of Forbes of 
Tolquhon, was bom in Edinburgh in the smnmer of the year 1663. He 
Inherited the barony of Foveran irom his father. In the year 1700, he 
was created a knight baronet ; and he died on the 16th of July, 1717, 
leaving a son, Alexander, who succeeded him in the title, and died about 
the year 1758. 

The "Description of Aberdeenshire" affords sufficient evidence in 
itself that it was not written before the close of the eventful year 1715; 
and, as the author died within eighteen months of that period, we may, 
perhaps, safely enough conjecture that he left his work in the same im- 
perfect state in which it has reached us. It would appear, indeed, from 
the Majiuscript in the British Museum, that he had abruptly broken 
away from the labour of describing the county generally, to enter on the 
more congenial task of expatiating on the history of his own parish of 
Foveran, and of recording the multitudinous devices with which hia ped- 
antiy had adorned hia Maosion-House of XilUeiy. 



L 



81 

FormArtlne, situate between Don a&d Ithan, hath eight miles 
of sea coast ; and for its western boundary it hath Garioch. 

Buchan, lying benorth Ithan, hath twenty miles of sea 
coast ; Eormartine to the west ; and, near Turref , is watered by 
the river Dovem. 

Gkuioch hath its limits mark'd ont by hills, and comes no 
where near the sea, but is well watered by two rivnlets ; Gadie 
loosing itself in Urie ; and Urie augmenting Don, near the royal 
burrough of Inverurie. 

These four districts gave antient titles of dignity to some 
powerf nil families, which in progress of time have undergone 
Boverall vicissitudes and change of names. 

The country of Mar gave the title of ane Earle to some of 
the name of Mar ; and then to the Douglases ; and next to the 
Stewarts of the Koyal Family ; and, fur some short time, to 
Cochran, who paid dear for the dignity and his court favour, 
being hang'd over the bridge [of Lauder] ; and, since Queen 
Mary's reign, gives title to Areskines. 

Formartine gave designation to the Prestones of Formartine, 
who having enjoyed it before surnames were in use, and since 
the partition of lands upon the overthrow of the Fictish king- 
dom, the lands of Sir Henry Prestone came to the Forbeses, and 
to the Meldrums, by his two daughters and heirs portioners, 
about three hundred years ago. The continuance of the con- 
sanguinity and of the descent from, and lineall succession to, 
the Prestones of Formartine though changed in name, is certain 
and well instructed by charters in the hands of Tolquhon, and 
of another of the same family ; but the so early origin of the 
Prestones of Formartine being traditionary, and thereby 
credible, and its credibility supported by the circumstances of 
times and things, yet, what the Boman historian said of seven 
hundred years' tradition. Quia enim rem tarn veteretnpro certo 
affirmet? may be also said here, and the credibility of the 
tradition as well beUiBv'd as his history. 

Buchan gave antient title of dignity to the Cummens, Earles 
of Buchan ; thereafter to the Stewarts of the Eoyal Family ; 
and then to the Douglasses ; and since the time of King James 
the Sixth, to the Areskines; whose collatei'al heir male, the 
Lord Cardross, succeeding to the bare and naked title, is attone- 
ing for the errours of his kindred by a more decent, a wiser, 
and more thirfty conduct of life. 

Grarioch hath borne the name of a Lordship to the Marrs, to 
the Bruces, to the Stewarts, and also to the Areskines. 

Bat the most natural and most intelligible division of Aber- 
deenshire being by riverS| this Description shall be prosecute 



82 

according to the course of these rirers, and according to the 
coast of the sea; which kindly receives their snperflaoiuwaterBr 
and thankfully repays that tribute, by returning great plenty of 
delicate fishes into those rivers again. The rivers are Dee, Don, 
Ithan, and Ugie : also Doveran touches a part of Aberdeenshire^ 
and falls into the Murray Furth near the town of Banf . 

The southmost of these rivers is Dee ; and, there being two 
other rivers of the same name in Britain, one in Galloway, and 
another making the north boundary of Wales, both falling into 
the Irish Sea, though all these three rivers be certainly of un- 
equal age, yet they have not received their names at one time; 
but, as men increas'd, and removed from one to another to find 
new seats, the name of the river of their earliest acquaintance 
hath been given to that upon whose banks the removers planted 
themselves, and there they got their new residence and rest. 
However it be, the river Dee, divideing Aberdeenshire from 
The Mems, hath its source in Bremarr, fourty miles westward 
from the city of Aberdeen j runs rapidly over peeble stones, and 
thereby its f oords more daiigerous after rains ; admits of little 
valley ground on either side ; allows no creives for salmond, nor 
damms for bringing its water to milns ; but, again, it compenses,. 
or makes amends, for those smaller losses, by the beauty of its 
numerous woods, and by the profitt it affords in plenty of the 
best of salmond. 

From its source in Bremarr it runs by a parish of that name, 
a montanous place, affording more woods and pasture than com 
field; but what corns it yields is of a good kind and soon 
ripened, by reason of the summer warmness ; which advantage 
would be abated to its inhabitants by the longer and snowy- 
winters, were it not that they have plenty of f eweU, both black 
turff and bumwood. 

The natives of this parish speak two languages — ^the antient 
Scottish, and the more modem English. It formerly belonged 
to the Earles of Marr, whose title of property is tum'd to that 
of superiority, gentlemen of the name of Farquharson becoming 
proprietors. 

The Farquharsons, descended of Invercauld, are a branch of. 
the M'Intoshes : M'Intoshe, a younger son of the Thain of Fife, 
who married the heiress of the Clan Chattan : the Clan Chattan, 
a branch of the name of Keith, which, transplanted to Scotland 
from the ancient Chatti in Grermany on the territory of the 
Landgrave of Hess, is now the surname of the Earl of Maris- 
chall. 

Invercauld by the female descent, is also of M'Intosh, of 
Barclay of Gartiey ........ I know no more : enquire. 

{"oUowing the ciurent of Deei you come to the parishes of 



Crathie and Olemnniok, called also by the name of Btraiihdee ; a 
montajioiis place as Bremarr, and speakiiig two langaages. TLe 
proprietors are Gordon of Abergeldie andFarqnharsondPInver- 
ray. Abergeldie was a son of the Earl of Huntley : it lately 
fell to ane heiress, and keeps the name. The honse is a con- 
venient castle bnilding, pleasantly situate, as amongst Scottish 
mountains ; hath much wood and some valley : this last a rarity 
on that river. The corns here are also good. The origin of 
Inverray is already accounted for. 

Dee runs now to the parishes of Glentaner (well known for 
its firr-wood) and Birss (remarkable for the slavish condition of 
its indwellers), and, below Aboyn, to the parish of Kincardine 
Qneill, where the country becomes less mountanous, and growing 
scarcer of wood, hath more cornfield ; a very warm soil ripening 
grain as soon, if not sooner, than any part of Scotland. 

This parish is a parsonage ; the parson hath several superi- 
orities (k lands and teynds. The church hath been pretty large; 
the village convenient for travellers, who are numerous, by rea- 
son of the great highrode south and north. It hath a weekly 
mercat, and a much frequented yearly fair called Bartholomew's, 
belonging to the Lord Forbes. The river had need of a bridge. 

The proprietors of Kincardine were Strachens, at present 
Forbeses. 

From the parish of Kincardine Oneill, Dee runs to that of 
Banchrie, where stands the house of Crathess, the seat and 
residence of Sir Alexander Burnet of Leyes; a family of good 
antiquity, and well descended by the female blood, as of the 
Viscount of Arbuthnot. the antientest of the neighbouring shire 
of The Mems, and of the Earl Mareschals family. 

The house of Crathess is well built, well planted with natural 
and artificial wood ; the gardens produce delicate fruit ; the soil 
is warm, the victual substantious and weighty. Sir Thomas 
entred with a f aire and free estate, by the assistance of a kindlie 
tutor ; had ample casualties from the government ; yet left his 
afOedrs difficulted to his son Sir Alexander, whose commendation 
't will be to retrieve the incumbrances. 

The family of Leyes hath produced younger sons or branches 
very eminent and conspicuous : Mr. Bobert Burnet of Cremond, 
a good and leam'd man, and a most just judge, the noblest of 
commendacions : Whose sons Sir Thomas Burnet, a learned doc- 
tor of medicine, and sincerely and seriously pious ; also Dr. Gil- 
bert Burnet, Bishop of Salisbury, a most elegant and powerfull 
preacher ; very frank and very plain in manners ; uncurious of 
politeness save in the pulpit, harangues of Parliament, aad in 

the stile o€ his writis^i which are not a few, and like to live 

9 



as long as the reformed religion lires in Britaixi-«4hAt is, to 
doomsday. After all these just gronnds of praisei and that Ids 
contempt of riches is now eyident, having had fair opportmiities 
to amass vast wealth to himself and children (bnt he made a 
more disinterested nse of those occasions, the patrimonies of his 
sons and daughters being very moderate ; his bounties to others 
whilst he liVd and when he dy'd being ample) ; jet so teakish 
are too many men that nothing of him, bnib some less popular 
opinions and his plain nndissembled f ashionS) hath raised against 
him a nnmerons train of maligners. However it be, this testi- 
mony will be receiyed as due to a countryman undenyab^ great 
and leam'd, and for ought known to the writer as undenyably 
good. The English author of the Theory of the Barth may like- 
wise be of the family of Leyes. These lands of Orathes, m this 
parish of upper Banchry, lying benorthDee, are [properly dta- 
ate] in Aberdeenshire ; but, as to jurisdiction, are in the shire 
of Mems or Kincardine, annexed thereto by AJct of Parliament, 
on account that the lairds of Leyes had other lands and another 
residence in The Mems. 

The next parish, watered by the river Dee, is Dalmaooki 
belonging to the laird of Drum, enjoying ane antient estate, hay- 
ing had ample wealth, and possessions in Ang^is, Banf shire, and 
Buchan ; all his lands are g^od, yielding grain of great weight. 
One of the progenitors of this family was armour bearer to King 
Bobert Bruce, who gave him for arms a devise which represented 
that gallant King to the life, and must be acknowledged, in this 
more subtile age, to have been ingeniously thought uid figured. 
The body of the devise was a hollin or lawrell braaoh; the 
word, or life of that body, was, Sub ioU^ tub umbra^ etrmt / 
and nothing could be more apposite to that noble King's ease* 
The Irvenes of Drum, it seems, for filling up the shield, paint 
three separate branches, to which the word does not so well cor- 
respond and agree; nor is the metaphor so just. Another of 
this family was one of the hostages for King James the first ; 
and one of them will be mentioned in the accompt of the Battle 
of Harlaw in Garioch. And that laird of Drum, who lived in 
our grandfather's time, can in no wise be omitted ; for his be- 
nignity and ample bounty to the poor deserves to be remembred 
and prais'd. He liv'd decently; was a plain man, nionamed 
Idttle Breeches ; increased in wealth ; bequeath'd lands for main- 
tenance of poor widows, poor maids, and for the education of 
several children at schools, and of young men to be taught phi* 
losophy and theology. 

The house of Drum is ane old Gothic building, has good gar* 

dens, and is 9wroi«d9d With wood aad artificial ptomSoif. Tht 



85 

late Dmm, failing hia bqxuBi of two difibrentmarriageei made ane 
entaill of his estate to a gentleman of his name who married his 
daughter ; who is a grandchild of the family of Hnntley. They 
are also descended ii the Scrimzeors of Didup, and of the Lord 
Forbes's family. 

Next to Dalmaock, on Dee side, lyes the Parish of Feter- 
onlter, where, on ane eminence southward, is the honse and resi- 
dence of Sir Alexander Cnmmiiig of Conlter ; a new building, 
bare of planting. The Cummins of Coulter are, unquestionably, 
a small remain of the Cummins, Earles of Buchan, who were 
once the powerf ullest ever Scotland saw. Buchanan, in vita 
Alexandri HE.; "Omm'nm prope rerum potestas, penes Cum- 
iniorum factionem erat. Hi, cum publicum patrimonium in 
Buam rem verterent, imbecilliores opprimerent, nobilium quos- 
dam suae libidini adversos, ac liberius de statu regni loqui ausos, 
oonfictis criminibus circumvenirent, ac bona danmatorum in fis- 
oum redacta, ipsi, a Eege (cui tum imperabant potius quam pare- 
bant), accepta invaderent, convent u ordinum habito, tractatum 
praedpue de Anglo placando, ne tarn periculoso tempore aliquid 
attentaret. Id quo facilius fieret, affinitate conjungendum esse. 
Haeo ratio commodior Cuminiorum inimicis visa est, ad eorum 
potentiam infringendam, quam si eos aperte appugnarent." And 
again, in vita Boberti Brussii : "Sed, cum totam gentem Cu- 
miniam, cujus familiae potentiam nulla unquam ante, neque 
postea in Scotia aequavit, haberet inimicam." 

You are now brought near Aberdeen, which shall be suo- 
dnctly described. 

The City of Aberdeen, named Devana by Ftolmey ; a very 
antient viLLoge ; endued with Boyall priviledges by King Gregory 
about the year 877 ; encreast by the frequent progresses of our 
Kings, and by a more frequent residence of King William, and 
adom'd with his palace ; taken in by Edward Langshanks ; plun- 
dered and set on fire by the English on the approach of WilHam 
Wallace returning hastily southward to fight their army ; the 
oastle left unretaken, the garrison cut off by a combination of 
the citizens, the watchword Bon-Accobd; burnt to ashes in 
John Balliol's time ; was rebuilt in the reign of Bobert Bruce, 
and now stands on three hills or riseing grounds ; the Castle 
hill, at the south east ; and Gallowhill, at north west ; and St. 
Katren's hUl, near the centre^of the town : Which is entred into 
by five^ ports, pretty well kept ; two from the south east of the 
Castle hill ; two from the south descent of St. Katherine's hill ; 

^ The writttr has oterlooked one of the ports, apparently that of thQ 
Upperkirgate, r -^ rr 



86 

and one from the north west of the Gallowhill. Although tha 
sitoation of the city taketh several riseing gronnds, yet it is easy 
to walk the streets ; whereof there are eight, and several lanes. 
One of which streets,^ from the mentioned north west port, is of 
a pretty good length ; and is continued by another.' not fnlly so 
long, but of a greater breadth, and almost in a straight Hne ; 
and which, by two small lanes,^ terminates in an oblong square,^ 
beautified with two antient Gothick buildings,' a oorions stmo- 
tnre of a Cross, the Town House, and a fountain playing in va- 
rious figures of water works. These three streets ly in a paraleU 
line to the adjacent sea, on the east $ and make the full length 

of the town about paces. As to the breadth, it hath 

one street,* and a lane' drawn in length with the former, and 
lying at the south side of it ; from the head of whioh street 
there is another,^ turning obliquely to the south, and leading to 
the churches of the town, and terminates near the Woollen- 
hill; where there is a medicinal fountain, dignified with the 
name of the famous Spaw of G^ermany. From the end of the 
last mention*d straight street there runs another* southward, and 
obliquely, leading also to the town churches, and terminates in a 
pretty broad street, lying flatt, and called the Green, the seat of 
the antient city j where the river Dee receives a small rivnlett, 
called the Denbum, covered with a bridge of three arohea. 

From the end of the last mentioned lane^^ there lyes a streeti^^ 
turning also obliquely southward, and leading first through a 
short lane^to the Gross, and next, as St. Katren's hill declines 
leading through a pretty broad lane^tothe harbour, and term- 
inates at a little Idrk,^^ and the ac[joyning palace of King Wil* 
liam. By this situation of the town, most of its houses have 
the conveniency, or beauty, of a garden belonging to them j and 
all the gardens of one street^ have a small ri^et^* running in a 
straight line with their walls upon one hand, and beautified, on 
the opposite side, by a thick plantation of the profitable willow i 
and then, entring the town, vaulted and built above, waters 
some gardens, and, besides other advantages, aflbrds the oon- 
veniency of two com milns, one upon one side of the Town's Hos* 
pital i and then falls into the river Dee, near King William's 

1 The Gallowgate. t The Broadgate. 

8 The Hnzter Baw, and the Narrow Wynd. 4 The Oastleffato. 

i Probablv PitfodderB Lodging, and Maxisohal'B Hall, are referred tOt 

The Broadgate. 7 The GhaiBt Baw. 

8 The Upperkirkeate and Sohoolhill. 9 The Netherldrkgate* 

10 The Ghaist Raw. li The Ship Baw. 

18 The Bxoheqner Wynd or Baw. 18 The Shore Brae* 

» Tbe TiJBltil^ Kirk. i« XUe (HUowgafet , itTbsIiQcliu 



hi 

pikoe. The rimldttfl mentioned lia^lng fomerly luppl/d tlie 

town, there hath been, of late/ a very delicate pure and light 
water bronght into it, from a well called by the name of Cardan, 
aad affords snch plenty that every street hath convenient cisterns 
or fonntains, and every honse is well furnished for all nses, 
with a delightf nil drink to the sober, and with a healthfnll, to 
those of a warmer blood. 

We have walked the streets, seen the cisterns, spoken of the 
gBidens. Let ns now look on the houses j and they are rather 
oonvenient for lodging, than stately to the sight, and the best of 
them are within closses or squares ; and, therefore, let us go to 
its hills, take the air, and view the adjoining countiT' and neigh- 
botnring sea ; and frcmi that to its harbour and remoter walks. 

It hath been told that the hills are three, whereof two^ have 
given their sides of easiest ascent to be built on. The third' is 
entirely within the town, and is the highest, and hath severall 
well kept gardens stretching to the top of it ; which top could 
be more embellished by the owners of those gardens. However, 
St. Eatren here offers to the beholders the amusing sight of the 
river Dee, and its beautifull bridge, the monument of a Bishop's 
piety. 

^e Gallowhill could afford a walk convenient for the inha- 
bitants of its street ; but, at present, it gives a full and fair pros- 
pect over somefruitfull fields' called the King's Meadows east- 
ward to the sea ; and, northward, pleases the eye with the sight 
of Old Aberdeen, its church and college, and of the neighbouring 
river Don. 

The third hill is called the Castle hill, where stood the an- 
tient Oastle whereof now nothing is to be seen, but some subter- 
raneous vaults ; but,instead of the old, there are the walls of 
a modem square fort, both high and entire, save in two places. 
And this hiU affords two agreeable walks, one lower, and well 
gravelled, at the foot of the walls ; the other higher, and green, 
on the top of the terras : from both these walks there is a fair 
view of a large open field, cultivate like a garden, and producing 
the best of herbs and roots ; as also a view of the shipping and 
harbour, of the anchoring road, and of the eastern point of the 
Grampian mountain. 

But, being now upon this Castle hill, let us recreate a little, 
and hear the relation of a very early and yet continuing custom 
of the citizens, who usuaUy go, every Sunday after sermon, 

1 About the year 1707. 
s The Oastle Hill ; and the Gallow or Port HilL of old called the IK^nd- 
mill Hill, and Hedownis Hill. 

s Bt. EaOieriae'a Hill, 



88 

Btreight from the clmroh to tins walk ; few cm? none knowing 
any other gronnd for their so doing, bnt that of ane immemorial 
practice , whereas it was at first enjoyn*d by the chnrohmen of 
the time. The occasion was this. The English garrison being 
snrpriz'dand mostly cat off by a combination of their landlordSy 
the churchmen of those days enjoyned, that all the citizens 
should every Sunday go to the chappell of the Oastle, and "pnj 
for the sonls of those soldiers they'd slain, withont giving them 
dne or even military warning to fight or ^e.- And thus the ons- 
tom of going every Sunday to the Castle hill has continued for 
a tract of upwards of four hundred years, though the observance 
of praying be obliterate and abolished. Lest these few words 
should raise spleen in thebiggot, or a jealousie even of the un- 
known writer, he doth affirm, upon the sacredness of truth, that 
he heartily disdains all the artificiall andavaritious projects of 
popery, but, again, finds neither harm nor hazard in thinking 
that the article, "Communion of Saints," may import a mutual 
concern betwixt the departed and those who stay a while be- 
hind ; and, further, that serious remembrance of the dead, ac- 
cording to the primitive mode, may contribute to the nourii^iiing 
our belief of immortality, and to the preventing the unmanly 
and ridiculous distrust of it. 

If what is last said displease, as out of the rode of a De- 
scription, yet may it be admitted as suteable to the purpose and 
promise of giving contentment to the reader, by variegating the 
dryeness of a bare and barren Description. 

But to proceed. The hill having given us a sight of the 
harbour, let us walk to it, which we will find of groat breadth 
and length, at full sea ; and which affords a most safe station 
to ships from all winds and tempests ; and is so capricious that, 
about sixty years ago, a fair meadow d ground,^ formerly within 
tho fiood mark, was gained by maldng a long and broad terras, 
flanked in both sides with large and square stones ; and the har- 
bour thereby nothing intrenched upon, but bettered. And this 
terras gives the citizens the warmest and driest walk in winter, 
and the coolest and most beautiful! in summer ; having the water 
and ships, on one hand, and a very flowery meadow, pb.nted with 
willows, on tho other; and, likewise, leads to another agreeable 
more solitary walk, called the Carpet Walk, from the softness 
and thickness of the wreathed green moss with which it is over- 
spread. 

It might be reckoned a piece of ingratitude in one to have 
had his harmless yonthfull pastimes here, yet to f orgett or not 

1 Between YiifbiiaBlseeb ana thsBegenft Quay. 



89 

to m&otim, whhi is ftdjoynlng to this OArpett Walk. It is A 
smooth dry fleld,^ stretching in length almost betwixt the mouths 
of the two rivers Dee and Don ; and sheltered, on the sea side, 
hy a mighty number of downs, covered with a strong greenish 
plant oiidled hentf and beaatifled, on the city side, with a well 
onlthrated groond snrroonded with a plantation of willows, 'the 
one end of which field affords a healthfoll summer recreation of 
■hart bowls j and the other end the like healthf ull winter recre- 
ation of the gowlf ball ; and, all the year round, a pasture for 
f atening of mutton, and bringing forth early lambs : so carefull 
hath nature been that the inh&bitants of this city should have a 
OQAVBnieoLt intermixture of profit and pleasure. 

Lefc ui hesTi next, what the art and industry of the citicens 
has dona. 

The trade of this city consists mostly in export, and that of 
xnoat valuable goods j the import being small, aa to a country 
almost seH sufficient, and needing but little : iron from the Bal- 
tick : timber and tarr from Norway : Whereas its export is wool- 
en and linnen cloth, stockings of great fineness,^ grain, oatmeal 
plenty of sea and river fishes, all well and skillfully cured; be- 
sidea salt beef, pork, tallow, and furs. 

No city in Scotland sent to the sea ships and cargoes of 
greatarinJue, and brought home more money in returns : so that 
the loss of one ship bringps more dammage to Aberdeen than the 
loss of ten ships would do to other towns. 

The beauty, the pleasures, the profits, of this city, are men- 
tioned : its piety comes next to be considered. The churches 
here are fairly built of cut stone brought from a distance ; curi- 
onaly leaded on the roof, and cleanly and carefully kept within ; 
not dark as in Italy, but lightsome as if their walls were glass. 

Though many worthy men ly buried in the church and 
ohuzohyard, yet there are but few monuments at their graves. 

1 The Links, 
s ▲ writer on the trade of Scotland in the last century commemorates 
" the fine pair of Stoddngs [of Shetland wool] made a present of to Mar- 
shal Keith by the Magistrates of Aberdeen, and firom him to the Empress 
of BnBsia, valued at Jive guineas." — Loeh*» Essays on the Trade and Fisheriee 
qfSeoUandf vol. »., pp. 170, 171. JSdinb. 1778. 12fflo. An author, quoted by 
Kennedy, adds that they were knitted by a lady in town, of such fineness 
that, although of the larff^t size, they could easily be drawn through an 
ordinary thumb ring." The same writer informs us that "The Earl of 
Aberdeen, in 1707, purchased a pair of the same kind of Stockings in the 
town, for which he paid one guinea. About the year 1733, Lady Maiy 
Dramm(md, daughter of the Duke of Perth, had spun, from Scottish wool, 
three pairs of kmtted gloves or mits, which were estimated at tkn^muneoM 
0aekfafiir.**'-^K9nm»di^t Annali qf Aberdeen, vol, d., p, 199, note. Lorn, 1818. 



40 

Perhaps they have nofe tiffdoted to beoome great by being biiried$ 
bnt have rather despised such remembrances, as knowing that, 
Quandoquidem data sunt ipsis quoquefata aepulohrU, 

Kor hath the city affected great state, bnt rather a oonyenient 
accommodation for the poor : whereof a good nnmber, of both 
sexes and ages, are well entertained. The publick hospitals are 
two : one for decayed merchants, another for the trades. 

All the ministers of this city have still had the reputation of 
being eminent preachers, and very exemplary for their piety and 
a strict regularity of manners ; and continuing so without in- 
terruption to this day, from the first reforming minister, Adam 
Hariot : Who had been a friar of the order of St. Augustine, 
and was one of the ten or twelve preachers who, in ti^e year 
1660, were sent and settled to propogate the reformed religion 
over all Scotland. And, as this first was a good and learned 
man, so all who succeeded him have been since ; and some of 
them have left monuments of their learning, f^ed over all 
Christendome : Dr. William Forbes, minister of this dty, and 
the first Bishop of Edinburgh: and Dr. Baron, minister and 
professor of theologie here : of both whom ane ingenious poet 
hath left this epigram : 

De QuUelmo JEbrherio et Boberto Baronio, Theologit Mredoiten^but, 

Nil quod Forbesio, Ghristi dmn pascit ovfie. 

Nil c[aod Baronio oomparet, orbis habet. 
Eloqtuo Bnnt ambo pares : discnmen in mio est ; 

Qno labet, hie mentes pellidt, file rapit. 

Dr. William Forbes, in his book entituled, "Considerationea 
Modestae et Facificae,*' by yielding a little to his adversaries, 
hath uncontesiably overcome them : It is true they again over- 
came his son, called Seigneur Thomasio, who, for being an excel- 
lent secretary to Cardinal Barbarini, advanced no farther. 

Dr. Baron managed a religious war with Tumbull, of irhioh 
Dr. Arthur Johnston has the following epigram : — 

De dioMba JBoberH Baronii D. Theologi adoersu$ TnmbulUim, 

Bn sacra Baronina movst ei Tnmxbnlliiis arma, 

Pene sub Icariis natns uterque rotis. 
Ambo sacerdotes, divinae PaluadiB ambo 

Artdbns, et caleuni dezteritate pares. 
Hoo disorimen habes ; magno molimine causam 

Hio agit Ansonfi Praesims, file Dei. 

Baron liath written metaphysicka, highly and justly esteemed 
in forreign nniversitiea. They are not so laboriously large as 
those cf Swarez, but as exact and sabtUe. 



41 

Afl Baron iuaiia^ tlie above war witli'TonibQll, bo did Ida 
BnoeesBoir, Mr. Jolin Menzies, manage the like with Father 
Gosne, and hath left two writings on the snbjectj ''FapismiiB 
LncifiigaB/* and '' Boma Mendax." He could have oblig'd the 
leam'd abroad by publishing his writings in a more universall 
language, which he spoke elegantly and aa fluently aa his mother 
tongue ; but the man's modesty thought it without his sphere to 
guiard others than those of Great Britain from errors. 

Also, Mr. John Barclay, a very g^ood man and good preacher 
here, hath published a poem called ''The Dream/' wherein he 
paints Popery in such true colours, and so natively, as discovers 
its darkness, and imprints the idea of itb f owlness and avarice. 

The authors of '' The Beplies and Duplies" were the Doctors 
of Aberdeen. Though these, there writings, were much and de- 
servedly esteemed, yet they made no proselytes of kirkmen. 

They who tum'd them out, and succeeded them^ wanted not 
learning and judgment to influence ; and the name of Mr. An- 
drew Cant is like to live long here. He was, certainly, a man 
blameless in his morals, and judicious ; and his pictures, care- 
fully kept by some, show him to have been capable of forming 
prcjeots, and of promoting what he projected: there being a 
sedateness and vigour in his looks. Complexion contributes to 
form parties : and, when once formed and earnestly mantained, 
what was originally complexion does really, though unawares, 
become a principle, and takes the name of conscience or religion. 

This place hath given famous physicians, mathematicians, 
poets, paintOTS : 

The Doctors Johnstouns, Arthur and Willam, both of them 
sufficiently skilled and successful in medicine : Also, Dr. Liddell, 
who published ane accuxvte writing in his professed science, but 
not like to live long, through the fault of the printer. 

The Gregories, known to all the leam'd world for profound 
skill in mathematicks, were natives of this shire ; and their ma- 
thematical genius is reckoned to have sprung from a citizen here 
David Anderson, of whom they are descended by the mother ; 
and whose mechanical genius perform'd such things as got for 
him the name of "Davie do all things,*' 

Dr. Arthur Johnstoun, already nam'd, was ane excellent poet. 
He paraphrased the Psalms of David and the Song of Solomon, 
and wrote many recreating poems : of whom Gruterus says, 

Emicait solio maiestas di^oa Frophetae, 
Sparsit Apollineaa cam BuchaniBmns (^es : 

Knnc agili lonston vrget vestigia plectro, 
Et vegeta scriptor com brevitate placet. 



42 

Also, David Wedderbtini, teacher o! tlie Grammer School 
here, and author of a Grammer, entertains [with him] ane aJter- 
nate song, who, speaking of Baohanan, had said, 

Credere fas son ett, sninina posse morii 

to which Wedderbnm replies^ 

81, Xonstone, ttbi est Bnohanaans xMunen, ah Areto, 
Sootia, te nato, nxmiina plnraidecUt. 

Also, Mr. John Forbes, Professor of Humanity, and Master 
of the [Grammar] School, was capable of great performances 
in poetrie, if he had applied. There are of his poems extent, 
worthy of preserving : what he did of that kind was as easy ^ 
him as Ovid, who said of himself, 

Sponte sna nuneroB carmen vexdebat ad aptos, 
Bt quod tentabam dioere, versus erat. 

There are pieces of [George] Jameson's painting of great 
value, some carried over to Fiance and Italy, and esteem'd there. 

Music here is much in vogue, and many citizens sing charm* 
ingly. The well known Abel was a native of this place, and 
his kindred are known by the name EbaJl : and, it is said, there 
are others as good as he. 

The citizens here have been reckoned courteous and liberal, it 
having been said of them, 

Hoepita gens haeo est et oomis et aemnlaDivum, 
Qaaeque legnnt alioB, huic famnlaTitor opes. 

Having spoken of the men, it would be a crime not to name 
the gender sex. They brought us into the world, and kindly 
and carefully nourished us. The women of this town are vir- 
tuous, sober, frugall, and industrious ; never going abroad but 
to perform the offices of benignity and friendship ; never seen 
from the windows ; still employing themselves diligently about 
the needs of the family. And it is but just to say of them that 
they deserve to be praised for much more than the only virtue 
which Anacreon ascribes to the women of his town — ^to wit, 
beauty: 

Twa^Xy — oifK h^ €Tx<f 



43 

They have also modesty, chastity, piety, withoat which beauty 
becomes the object of contempt, and not a title of praise ; and, 
thus, since all kind of virtne ia a la mode here amongst the 
women, they who, in this city, are not virtuons, are really ont 
of foshiozL 

CatUra de$i4traiiflur. 



The following is ftom Bobertsoii's ''Book of Bon-Aooord" ! 

At the begixming of the sixteenth oentnxy, Aberdeen, pro- 
bably did not oontain one private mansion which was not built 
of tunber. In 1545, a stone edifice was considered a mark of 
the greatest opnlence ; and, in defying Thomas Menzies of Fit- 
foddels, one of the inhabitants said ''he did not care for all his 
power or his stane honse." In 1661, we are told by Mr. 
Gordon 'that the buildings of the tonne are of stone and lime, 
rigged above, and covered with slates, mostlie of three or f onre 
stories hight, some of them higher. The streets are all neatlie 
paved with flint-stone, or a gray kinde of stone not unlike to 
flint. The dwelling-houses are cleanlie and beautiful, and neat 
both within and without, and the syde that looks to the street 
moetlie adorned with galleries of timber which they call f ore- 
Btaires.*' In 1658, Bichard Franck describes the buildings of 
the city as framed of stone and timber, facing the sea, and 
fronting the pleasant harbour ; the streets also are large and 
spacious. But these flattering representations can hardly be 
reconciled with several well-authenticated facts. In 1716, on 
the occasion of a destructive (fire at the Gallowgatehead, the 
Magistrates found it necessary to forbid any person within the 
town or suburbs to thatch his house with heath or strawy under 
the penalty of fifty merks Scots. And so late as ifiii, the 
booses on the west side of the second street in the burgh, the 
Broadgate, were constructed of wood, with stake and rice chim- 
nies. In that year the Council enacted that the outside walls 
of houses should be constructed wholly of stone or brick, and 
the roofs covered with slate or tile, and prohibited every person 
from building outside walls with wood, chimnies with lath and 
plaister, or covering houses with turf, heath, or straw. But 
few of the wooden erections once so common now remain Two 
may be seen in the Gallowgate, Kos. 43 and 68. It may be 
remarked that the paucity of ancient mansions shows the frail 
materials of which the dwellings in general were constmoted. 
We have equal reason to conclude tha^ Ck»doi^ and Famok 



44 

We not a little exaggerftted tlie neatness and oleanlineBs of 
the houses and the streets. The former speaks of f orestairs as 
ornaments ; bat we know that, when it was wished to invest 
the burgh with an appearance of gaity, these ornaments were 
studiously concealed by tapestry, and the few specimens which 
still exist in {he town are remarkable for their deformity and 
inconvenience. That they were dangerous the following ex- 
tracts, which occur in Spalding, may suffice to show : — " Sat- 
UBDAT, 10th September, 1642. — George Thomsoune, maister 
masone, suddantUe fell over Thomas Thomsone his stair ; and 
with the fall became senseless and speechless, and depairted 
this life upon the Thursday. About the same time, Thomas 
Urquhart, chirurgeon in Aberdeen (being drunk) fell over Wil- 
liam Watson's stair in the Netherkirkgate, about seven hours 
and immediately departed this life." That the streets were, 
with few exceptions, narrow and filthy the reader need hardly 
be informed ; he will have seen in the preceding pages that only 
on occasions of great solemnity were the middings or dunghills 
removed, and swine prevented from roaming at lai^ge. 



BXTBAOTS FEOM THE ACCOUNTS OF THE BUEQH 
OF ABERDEEN FBOM 1581 TO 1660. 

The secund day of January, boycht at the command 
of provest, baillies and counsal, ane barrel sal- 
mond, quhilk was sent to the clerk of register 
for his travell in the tonnes ef f eris, payt for 
the sam, ... ... ... ... £18 

Item, "pa^ to the skypper of the boitt to delyver 

the said barren free at Leyth, ... ... 6 8 

Item, payt to the boy of the boitt to bring the bar- 

roll to the boitt frae Torrie schoir, ... 10 

For the hyre of five horss to the baillie, clerk, and 
off iceris to ryd up Dee and Don upon the 1st 
of October, 1596, for trying of the slayers of 
black fische, ... ... ... ... 1 13 4 

Item, the 89th April, for tua horss to the bishop 
and his man, to ryd to Gycht and Inverugie, 
for procuring piece betwixt the lairds of Gycht 
and Benholm, at command of the provest and 
baillies, ... ... ... ... 4 

Itemi for the stage playaris support that nioht thaye 



46 

plaid to the iorm, ... ... ... £8 

IteiDj for Tom Masone and Gilbert Willox eftir- 
nonis drink, quhen thay tnik measonr of the 
windoie of the tonboathe, ... ... 4 

Item, to ane poist to carrye letteris to Newbnrgh, 
Peterhead, and Fraserburgh, that thai snld 
nocht snffer the boitt snspect of the pest to 
enter in thair harbeoris, ... ... 16 

Item, to ane boye to gang to Boighill to Bobt. 
Henzies, baiUie, to cans him cnm and accept 
his office, ... ... ... ... 084 

Item, to another boye to gang to Schedoddsleye to 
Thomas Forbes, baillie, to cans him com and 
accept his office, ... ... ... 10 

Item, given to Cristan Lawsonn for the bankett 
maid be the provest, baillies, and sindry 
honest men to Mr. Bobt. Brace, ... 16 8 4 

Item, ane ither day send sewin pynts of wyne to 
Mr. Bobert Brace his hoose to denner and 
supper with the baillies, ... ... 2 16 

Item, the 1st of Jolii, for a collation with Mr. 
Bobt. Bruce wyiff in her ain hous with the 
baillies, in wyne and succour, ... ... 4 

Item, for theoking the grammer school with hedder, 88 6 6 

Item, Johne Craickshank f umeist tua unces tubacco 

and tua dozen pypis, ... ... 2 8 

Item, to Gilbert Anderson for pulder geyin tu the 

youthis, ... ... ... ... 20 

Item, for tubacco given to Gilbert Hervie, ... 8 

Item, for ane dussene of silver spoones to Mr. Bobt. 
Barroun, minister, to his first houss, in token 
of the townes love to him, ... ... 61 10 

Item, spent in Skipper Anderson's houss, when Mr. 
Thos. Graye and Andrew Meldrum gewe to the 
toun seassing of the four riggs to the kirk of 
Futtie, ... ... ... ... 500 

Item, for tarre to tarre the women's plaids, ... 8 

Item, for ayle, tubacco, and pypis to the hiche 

counsal hous, ... ... ... 10 

Item, to Patrick Leslie, skinner, for wool and ane 
skin to give to Edward Baban, to print the 
papers that is printed on the bristis of thes 
that stand on the scaffold, ... ... 16 

Peburst fyiftie-fyivepund ten s. to Bobt. WaJker for 

oastea threttie-seTen thousand feaU to oover 



4A 

the graves ci tham that died in the inf eotiotmei 
and war buried among the sandis. 

Item, npon the pennlt day of Marche, 1603, con- 
forme to an ordenance of connsall of that dait, 
spent at the mercat croce on wyne, spycerie, 
and glasses for decking and hinging of the 
croce the tyme of the solenmitie maid upon the 
day f orsaid be the inhabitants of this burgh for 
the glaid tydings that his Majesty was pro- 
claimit and declairit King of England, and for 
the eftemoon and supper in Marion Cullenis, 
and for the wyne that come to the croce after 
supper, conform to the particular account pro- 
ducit hereto, ... ... ... ... £68 16 8 

Item, for the wyne and spyoerie given to the ladye 
Countess of Marr and her doohteris, and sin- 
drie noble men that accompanyt thaine to the 
tounes counsal hous, ... ... ... 86 6 8 

Item, for nine elnes and a quarter of black carseyis, 
at 40s., to cover the drum heidis at the burlall 
of the Laird of Drum, and for gryt preinis 
thairto, ... ... ... ... 18 16 

Item, to Mr. Andro Cant, when he went to the 

generall assemblie, ... ... ... 66 18 4 

Item, to a man who wyted on Mr. Andro Cant's 

guds at the sheer, ... ... ... 13 4 

Folowis the chargis and ezpensis maid upon the f our pirattis, 
viz. — ^Andro Brown, Robert Laird, Johne Jackston, and Bobt. 
Breull, quha wer ezecut within this burgh for the stealin of a 
ship of Danskin f urth of the herbrie of Bruntiland in De- 
cember, 1696 : — 

Item, for threteinne horss to carie and convey the 

said four pirattis to Dunnotter, ... ... 8 13 4 

Item, for our supper at our hame-cummiug in Alex. 

Forbes* house, ... ... ... 4 

Item, for makin a gallows to hing the said pirattis, 

and for garroun naillis and workmanship, 1 18 4 

Item, for careing of the gallows to the block house, 
laying of gryt stones upon the brandering 
therof, and setting of it, ... ... 10 

Item, to Johne JusticCi for the execution of the 

said pirattiS; .,» .«* tM «f« 16 8 



41 

Item, the Sdd dajr o! Maj» 1597» gevia to GMlbert 
Baindfli be vertew of aae ordinance of oounsall 
for snstentatioan of the witches in prisin fra 
the 16th of Marohe, 1596, to the 28d of May 
nixt, thairef ter debnrsit be him npon their or- 
dinar ohargiB, ... ... ... £60 18 4 

Item, to Alex. Beid, smjthe, for twa pair of sheo- 

kills to the witches in the stepill, ... 1 12 

Item, to Thomas Dioksoun, in reoompenoe of his 

halbert broken at the execosion of the witches, 1 10 

Item, to Johne Justice, for burning npon the cheik 
of four several persons snspect of withoraft, 
and banischet, ... ... ... 16 8 

Item, geyin to Alex. Home, for maokin off joggis, 
stepills, and lookis to the witches during the 
haill tyme f oirsaid, ... ... ... 2 6 8 

Christian Mitchell, Bessie l^om, Isobell Barxoun. 

Item, the 9th of March, 1696, for ane boll and a 
half of oollis to bum the said witches, 

Item, for threttie-five loads of peattis. 

Item, for six tar barrellis, ... 

Item, for tua win* barrellis. 

Item, for a staik, dressing and setting of it, 

Item, for ancht f adime of towis. 

Item, for careing of the coiUis, peats, and barrellis, 

Item, to Johne Justice, for his fie, ... 

Item, the tent of Marche, bocht be the oomptar, 
and laid in be him in the sellir in the ohappel 
in the Oastell Hill, ane chalder of oollis, price 
thairof , with the boring and metting of the 
same, ... ... ... ... 16 4 





1 10 




8 10 




2 




8 




16 8 




8 


^IliH 


,080 


• 


10 



The fiowme of the haill chargis and expensis maid 

on the witches extendis to ... ... £177 17 4 

Item, to Mareone Gullen for wyne and meitt brocht 
to the Towbuthe to the provost, Oommissaris, 
and Judges, sitting thair for pacefying oi the 
trubill that fell out betuix the Kethis and 
Forbesis, ... ... ... ... 16 8 

Itom, to the post that brocht hame thrie lodes of 
quhyt breid fra Edinburght, Donde, and 
Brechin, to try the Baxteris with, ... 6 8 

Item, to the waxkmen for oareing the meldU kist 



48 

fnrth of the Sescdone-Hoase to the GomiBall- 

HoasBe, ... ... .., ... 084 

Item, for meitt and drink in Torrye to Nicol Mauls' 
sone, being chargit nooht to cnm to Aberdene 
for f eir he had the plag, and to the ferry man, 2 

Item, to ane boye that past throw this towne to 

proclaim abstinence fra flesche, ... ... 14 

Item, for thrie bnrding of hedder to bnme Mar- 
grette Burnett's honss with in the Greene, 
being suspect to be infeckit, ... ... 4 

Item, for ane lawing to the atdd Bailleis, at com- 
mand of Williane Gray and Alex. Jafi&ay, 
Bailleis, ... ... ... ... 6 13 4 

Item, for my horss hyir to Montrois, to spaik the 
myller and to desyrhim to com heir and repair 
our wynd myll, ... ... ... 1 16 

Item, the 22d December, for repairing the Cram- 
mer Scheie, the thak thairof being blauin aff. 
Item, for a tree to be lathe, and ane deale to 
be ane vindew, ... ... ,.. 18 4 

Item, to Alex. Eollandis wyiff, for ane quart of 
wyne and ane breid, quhilk was careit to the 
Bow Brig at command of the Magistrats, at the 
gude nioht taking with sum strangeris of Edin- 
burgh, ... ... ... ... 18 

Item, to Mr. Alex. Forbes, for ane poesie presented 

to the Frowest on the praise of the toune, 13 6 8 

Item, to Mr. Wm. Gargill, for sum poesie dedicat be 

him to the Counsall, ... ... ... 10 

Item, g^yen to the pyper when we raid the lande- 

meris, ... ... ... ... 0120 

Item, to Mr. Wm. Gargill, to cause print certain 
verse in Latin in commendationne of my Lord 
Mercheall for erecking the new College in 
Aberdene, at the Counsallis' command, ... 300 

Item, to his Majestes' footman, quha brocht ane 

letter to the Provost, Baillies, and Counsall, 1 10 

Item, given to Fatrik Walker, for the uptakin of 
the psalme in the new kirk, according to ane 
act of Counsall, ... ... ... 3 6 8 

Item, be vertew of ane ordinance of Counsall, given 
to John Nicolsoune, for the maill of his new 
biggit houss at the bum heid takin in sett to 
be ane sang schole quhill Witsonday next, 
thaireftor M the said aot beirsi „« 12 



4B 

Item, to twa Btvangera— the ane ane Greoian, tlie 
nther ane Galdean — ^remanent in this burgh, 
be tiie Connsall, ... ... ... 10 

Item, for wyne spent at the ressaiving of nmqnhill 
Dr. Liddell's Books, qnhilk were left be him to 
the New College of this burgh, ... ... 8 0^ 

Item, for the wyne and pearis spent at the heiring 

and subscryving of this compt, ... ..,. 8 4 

Item, for a pqynt of wyne, and the pertinents spent 
at the taohing saising be the tonne of Johnne 
Ibraseris hoos, in the Greyne, qnhair the myd 
mylne is biggit, ... ... ... 14 

Item, at command of the Magistrattis and Connsel, 
given to Mr. Robert Barron, for de&aying of 
thechargis maid be him in printing of the 
sermon dedicat to the tonn, when he wes Lau- 
reate Doctir in Dwinity, and to gratifiie him in 
some measure for his dedioatioun, ... 66 13 4 

Item, for wyne and spycerie spent in the Gonnsall- 
Hoose, at the return of my Lord Marqneis of 
Hmitlie from Londone, his ladye and children 
being present, ... ... ... 77 7 4 

Item, spent in Elspet Cullen's the day of the 

iy(^g of the toun*s land-mecches, ... 11 16 

Itemi, given to the Erles Maxsheall and Montrose 
their sojonrs, at command of the Magistrattis 
and adwyse of the whole tonne, to saifT the 
tonne from plonndering at that time, ... 6666 13 4 

21st June, — ^Debm:st to the Erie of Mersheall and 
Montrose sojonrs, at conmiand of the Baillies, 
and with adwyse of the whole tonne, for sav- 
ing the tonne from plonndering at the intaok- 
ing of the Brig of Dee, ... ... 4000 

For wyne, peares, beire, aHl, and tubacco, spendit 
at the electione of the Magistrattis and Conn- 
sail in Sept. 1650, fonrtie-five pounds anghteen 
ahillin. 

For wyne, tubacco, breid, peiris, and confections, at 

the makin of Sir Wm. Lokard, burgis, ... 17 14 

The compter disohargis himself off twenty-ane 
pounds twelf shiUmgs and 4d. for wyne, beir, 
aiU, pyps, and tubacco, peyit be order of the 
Magistrattis at the election, 1651. 

Item, for saHlis to the wynd myln, and ane steel 

bmish thereto^ ,., ... ... 84 10 

s 



60 

Itenii for dyohtyng of the Nederkiikgate, ... £0 10 
Item, for taking away of ane grjt mydding of red^ 

forgane' the Grayfreirson thelnegate,... 19 6 

Item, gevin for a barrel of sabnon, qnhUk was sent 

to Master John Skene, clerk of register, be di- 

rectiomi of the Provost, Baillies, and Goonsall, SO 
Item, for ane peck of salt to pickell the same, 6 6 8 

Item, to my Lord Merschillis nnreis qnhen as the 

tonne was invited to be his gossips, ane dnbill 

angell, ... ..• ... ... 12 1$ 4 

Item, to James Anderson for making the oalsay 

clean anent the Clerk's chamber, ... 14 

Alexander Harthillf be order, f or preminms to the 

baimis, ... ... ... ... 2 8 

For printeing off Dr. Donnis book be order of 

Goonsal, and f or the papper thereoff, ... 279 18 4 

His Migesties chargis at his last being in Aberdene, payit be 
order as follows' : — 

Imprimis, to Fatrik Murray, barter, ... ... 80 

To Fatrik More, barbrie, ... ... ... 113 16 6 

Alex. Johnstone, Glasser, ... ... ... 20 

John Edmistoune, ... ... ... ... 8 

Andro Wastone, flesoher, ... ... ... 148 10 

Alex. Bamsay for wyne, ... ... ... 21 9 

Andrew Gray, 
Thos. Oowie, 



Jag. Bobertson, 
Guwin Mill, 
John Bay, 
David Yonng for aill; 
Bobt. Merser, 
Goals and wood, 



27 
185 8 4 

^68 

12 10 

28 4 
86 10 
65 
88 



1 The ooze in the bottom of a pool. > Opposite. 

3 Charles landed at speymouth on Monday the 4th July, 1660, and took 
up his abode in Bog of Gight, now Gordon Oastle. He thence passed to 
Btrathbogie, and, on Thnrsday the 7th, acoompanied by his mistress, 
arrived in Aberdeen, where he was received with the greatest loyalty, 
though, says one of his attendants, '* very few persons of quality were 
admitted to him, being most either mahgnants or engagers. He was 
lodged in a merchant's house, opposite to the Tolbooth, on which was 
affixed one of the hands of the most incomparable Montross." Oharlee. 
though he remained in the town little more than a day, was entertained 
at an expense of more than a thousand xxnmds Scots. Wa gallantries 
gave great offence to the stem Ck>venanters, and a Oonmiitfcee was ap- 
pointed to rebuke the "Merry Monarch." Oharles lerisited the oilar Oil 
26th 7«bnuu7i 16^1,— £oi«rM9fi'f Sook tfSwdooori, 



61 

l>eane of Gnild^s oompt, ... ... ... £16 2 4 

For carrying coalls and other necessaries to the 

Kingishonss, ... ... ... 6 12 

Item, to Wm. Sheddeway for aplis and leekis, 13 6 8 

To David Young for spiceries, ... ... 6 6 8 

To ane of the ^ngis servants, ... ... 4 

— Spaldififf Club MisceUoMf. 



EXTRACTS FROM THE TOWN'S RECORDS. 

BiSHOip Gawin Dunbab, Bischoip of Aberdene, departitt the 
16th day of Marche, 1531 yeirs. 

John Ewyne, bnrgis of Aberdene, was convickyt of faJs 
cqynze, and hangyit, his heid cuttit frae his body, the 26th day 
of Angost, 1574 yeirs. 

Maister Adam Heriott, fyrst minister of the trew word of 
Qod, departitt the 28th day of Augost, 1574 years. 

On Wednesday the 13th day of November, 1577 years, was 
Bene at ewin ane blaisin stam, qnhilk staid in the wast, and 
continywat that nycht, to the gryt ademeratione of the pepiQ. 

The kyngis graice comye to Dunnottar the 18th day of Jnne, 
the yeir of God 1580 yeirs, and the fyrst time that I Walter 
CnUen, reder of Aberdene,* sehit his graice was the 20th of the 
said monett of Jmie, 1580 yeirs, and that at the woid of Fet- 
teresso, he beand at the huntis with sertaine of his lordis, and 
thairefter past to Dunnottar, fair I beheld his graice at snpar, 
qtihilk he paist to his chalmer. 

Gilbert Menzes, prowest of Aberdene, departitt the 27ih day 
of September, 1543 yeirs. 

Johne Watson, belman of Aberdene, departitt the 13th day 
of Anguist, 1575 years. 

Edward Reid, warkman in Aberdene, departitt the sezt day 
of Aprill, 1576 years. 

Johne Gbiddy, sometyme ane gray freir in Aberdene, de- 
partitt the 20th day of November, 1575 yeirs. 

Jannett Gardin, mydwife in Aberdene, departitt the 13th 
day of March 1575 yeirs. 

Maister Theophelus Stnartt, maister of the gramer skwill of 
Aid Aberdene, departitt the 20th day of March, 1576 years. 

Maister John Fulsnrd, snmtyme ane quhitt freir in Aber- 
dene, and servant to Thomas Menzis, prowest, departitt the 

* This register was kept by Walter CuUen, who was appointed reader 
of Aberdeen in l$7Q« 



82 

20fcli day of May, 1676 yeirs. 

James Sawng, traiTBier in Abexdenei ^6partitt the sazl day 
of Jolii, 1576 years. 

Wilyem Gordon, bischqp of Aberdene, departitt the saxt day 
of Aguist, 1677 yeirs, 

John Cassie, pyper departitt in Aberdene the 27th day of 
Fabmar, 1582 years. 

Bechart Myll, hayngman in Aberdene, departitt the 18th 
of Fabroar, 1584. 

Ane lipar boy in the Lipar Howiss of Abeirdeiie, departitt 
the 18th day of Jnlii, 1589 yeirs. 

Heggye Emsly, pnir woman iH Aberdene, det^ariitt the 122d 
Fabruar, 1574 yeirs. 

John Keyth of Glaishriack was crwilly slain in Aberden, at 
the Justice Portt, by Wilyem (Sordone of Genyoht, the 2d day 
of December, 1587 yeirs. 

Alexander Menzes, yowngar son to Gilbert Menzes, prowest 
of Aberdene, was slaine by Wilyem Forbes of Fortlethen, at 
the Loich of Loirston, and departitt the 16th day of May, 1580 
yeirs. 

Lowrane Innes, pwir skollir in Aberdene, departit the 23d 
day of October, 1581 years. 

Maister Alexander Arbuthnoitt, prinsepel of the College of 
Aberdene, and person of Loge, departitt the 16th day of Oc- 
tober, 1583 yeirs, and was bnrritinthe pariss kirk of Aberdene 
af or the pulpit. 

John Wschartt, cordinar, departit the 18th day of Merche, 
1588 yeirs, quha was slayne be James Faterson, hangman of 
Aberdene, and the said James hangyit and his heid set on the 
Portt thairf or. 

The 16th day of April, 1590 yeirs, the schip of Aberdene 
callit the colas, departitt of the roid of Aberden f umoist be the 
town to pas to Denmark for convoy of the kyngis grace hame 
to Scotland, Alexander Forbes, bailyie and commissianar for 
the tyme, and David Endiache in his compane, with 20 mer- 
renaris, fumist with artalare and oder nesesaris. 

The lard of Meldrom qnha was slayne be the Maister of 
Forbes in the prowestis howiss in Aberdene, departit the penult 
day of Januar, 1526 yeris. 

Gilbert Menzis prowest of Aberdene*s howiss towik fyir and 
breint the 24th day of Agnist, 1529 yeris. 

Wilyem Straigohen, stabeler in AberdenOi sittan in his 
howiss the lowif t fell on him and felt him, and he departit the 
12th day of Auguist, 1578 yeris. 

Walter IimeB; serwaad to the lard of Glenkindyi ^vm sbyne 




u 

iQ Abttddne be aae Jolm Jaik and liia brnder callit Jamefi Jaik, 
dwellan in Buobaiii and deitt in Aberdene the 8tli day of July, 
1582. 

Alexander Setton, young lard of Meldmm, was slayne be 
William Eyng of Barrack, and his brader David Kyng and his 
oompIesiB, at Barrack the 20th day of Agnist, 1690 yeris. 

Alexander Keyth of Oohorsk was slayne in Aberdene be the 
gndeman of Babithan, John Chalmers, and departit the 7th day 
at Jxme, 1584 yeris. 

James Philip, snmytime marenar in Aberdene, was slayne 
be David Bobc^son, taileowyr in Aberden, and departit the 8d 
day of Agnist, 1584 yens. 

Alexander Innes, lard of Crome, was slayne in Martin 
Howesone's howiss be the lard of Invermar^, the 13th of 
April, 1580 yeris. 

The twente-sazt day of April, 1572 yeris, Maister Bobert 
Ckirdone, brader to my Lord Hnntly, was sohoytt with ane dayg 
in the heid be Willeim GKsrdone of! Letterfore, and that in 
(Tames GUsrdon's pleise of Creyen. 

Adam Donaldson, a sawister, was conwikit be ane assyse for 
the slanohter of John Tawis, and was heidit the 25th day of 
May, 1577 yeris. 

William Gill, son to Matthew Gwill, armorar in Aberdene, 
was slayne be John Leslie, son to James Leslie, bnrgis of Aber- 
dene, and departitt the 12th day of November, 1584 yeris. 



TBIALS FOR WITOHOBAPT. 

It |i,ppeani, from the records of the Dean of Guild, that in 
one year no less than twenty-three women and one man were 
bnmed in Aberdeen for their supposed share in witchcraft. The 
public curiosity seems to have grown with the increased fre- 
quency of these exhibitions, as one of the items of the expense 
in the execution of Margaret Clerk or Bean is " for caring oi 
four sparris to withstand the press of the people, quhairof there 
was tua broken." 

On the 2lBt September, 1597, the Frovost, Baillies, and 
Council, considering the faithfulness shown by William Dunn, 
the Dean of Guild, in the discharge of his duty, '' and besides 
this, his extraordinarie takin panis in the burning of the gryt 
nnmer of the witches brunt this yeir, and on the f o^r pizattis, 



i 



54 

and bigging of the port on the brig of Dee, repairing of tlie grey 
f reris kirk and stepill thairof , and theirby hes bene abstractit fra 
lies tred of merchandise continewalKe sin he wes electit in the 
said office. Theirfor, in recompens of his extraordinarie panis, 
and in satisfaction theirof (not to induce any preparative to 
Deanes of Guild to crave a recompenoe heirafter), but to in- 
curage ithers to travel also diligentHe in the discharge of thair 
office, grantit and assignit to him the sum of £47 38. 4d. owin 
be him of the rest of his account of the unlawis of the personea 
convict for slaying of black fische, and dischargit him theirof be 
their presentis for ever." 

DITTAT AGAINST THOMAS LEYIS TOR WITCHCSAFT. 

Follows the particular dittay and accusation gevin inaganis 
Thomas Leyis sone to John Leyis, stabler, for his being ane 
commoun witch and sorcerar, using the tred and craft thairof 
be persuasin of the Dewill, as f ollowis : — 

Imprimis, upon Hallowein last bypast, at twelff houria at 
even or thairby, thow the said Thomas Leyis, accompaneit with 
umquhil Janett Wischert, Isobel Coker, Isobell Monteithe, 
Kathren Mitchell, relict of umquhill Charles Dun, litster, sor- 
ceraris and witches, with ane gryt number of ither witches, cam 
to the mercat and fish cross of Aberdene, under the conduct and 
gyding of the dewill, present with you all in company, playing 
before you on his kyud of instruments. Ye all dansit about 
baythe the said crosse and the meill mercate ane lang space of 
tym ; in the quhilk dewiirs dans thow, the said Thomas, was 
foremost and led the ring, and dang the said Kathren Mitchell, 
because she spoilt your dans, and rannocht safast about as the 
rest. Testif eit be the said Ekthren Mitchell, quha was present 
with thee at the tym foresaid, dansin with the dewill. 

The court of Justiciarie haulden in the tolbeith of Aber- 
dene, the 23d of Feb., 1596, be Alexander Rutherfuird, pro- 
vost ; Alexander CuUen and Alexander JaflBray, bailliea ; jus- 
tices in that part laufullieconstitutit to the effect underwritten. 
The court laufullie f ensit and afBrmit ; nomina assis — Thomas 
Finnic ; William Thomson ; Robert Stewart j James Stewart, 
elder ; William Marr, elder ; William Skene j Robert Donald- 
son ; Alexander Thomson, mariner : John Ferguson, elder ; 
Patrick Moresoun; Edward Donaldson; Patrick Hunter; 
David Castell; John Robertson, flescherj Gilbert Mackie, 
staibler Duncan Donaldson ; Patrick Donaldson ; John 
Robertson, elder ; Thomas Douglas s John Firtrie ; and Alex- 
ander Ewyn. 



66 

The said ThomAfl Lejifl, eon to Jolin Leyis, stabler in Aber- 
deen, was accnsit as a common notorions witcbe, in nsing of 
witcbcraft and soroerie these dyvers years byg^e, as at gryt 
lenth is contenit in his dittay ; quliilk, being deneyit be the 
said Thomas, was referrit to the knauledge ot the assis above 
written, chosn, sworn, and admittit. 

James Stewart chosen chancellor. 

The haill aesis, in ane voce for the maist pairt (except thrie 
—to wit, Thomas Douglas, Patrick Hnnter, and Wm. Marr), be 
the mouth of James Stewart, chancellar, convicts and fyllis 
Thomas Leyis in the first poynt, that he was the ringleader of 
the danoe on Hallowein last about the croce, and in either spe- 
oiall poynts, and as a notorious witche be oppen voce and com- 
mon fame. 

The following statement, extracted from the Town's ac- 
ooonts, shows the expenses^ incurred in burning the above- 
named individuals — 

TH01CA8 LBT8. 

Item, the 28d Feb., 1697, for peattis, tar 
baxrelis, fir, and ooi^, to bum the 
said Thomas, and to Jon Justice for his 
fie in executing him, ... ... £2 18 4 

JASm WIBOBBBT AKD I80BBL OOOBBB. 

Item, for twenty loads of peattis to bum 

vOoin, ... •«. ... ... 

Item, for ane boll of coillis. 

Item, for four tar barrellis. 

Item, for fir and win* barrellis, ... 

Item, for a staik, and dressing of it. 

Item, for four fadomes of towis, ... 

Item, for careing the peattis, coallis, and 
barrelis to the hill ... 

Item, to Jon Justice for their execution, . . . 

Item, for trailling Monteithe through the 
streita of the toun in ane cart, quha 
hangit herself in prison, and eirding 
(burying) of her, ... ... ... 10 

6^ January, 1603. 
The quhilk day, anent the doEfyre of the Marques of Huntlie 

•WeU dried. 



£2 





1 4 





1 6 


8 


16 


8 


16 





4 





13 


4 


13 


4 




deST'^ tlie FieBbyterte to tak tiTell or thaM 

BultarsB with thorn, and to send to his L^nleSl 

with the naices of sio ui were maiat meitt 

ftggjBo and tryell of thorn. The I^ealiytc'rie, 

to, ardanit every ntiaifiter witbin theiF prcoim 

till and privie inqmaition therein — vii., il> mi' 

hie eldoria that feaiis Qod and ore maut zoolona of hi 

Ok partioidar kirk respective, tak the aithcs of the inb 

within t^aroharge, qnhat they know of witohea aiidoc 

wiUi tliem, and wreitt their d^KisitJoni 

the Freebyterie, with the names of do i 

BonTB to them, that the same may be at 

all hastia eipcdition, conform to the dosyre of hia L 

lettre, and hia Lordship may charge thc^m. 

Of these trialB a very ingenious nse hns boon inaile by 
Charloa Knight in btfl life of Shakspere, nod in the chanter 
which he has devoted to the inquiry, 
Scotland P The concliudon there arrived at is that S. 
probably farmed one of "the King's sarvantiaqnhBplayiHon 
dels and staige playis," and who visited Aberdeen in Ootdbor, 
1601 ; tliat the ttoTY of Uaobeth might have been anggeeted to 
hiTn upon Scottish groond ; that the aoonraoy displayed in t^ 
local deacriptiona and allnmonB might have been derived from a 
rapid pencmal obaervation, and that some of the peouliaritieB of 
his witchcraft imagery might have been formed in Soottiah 
snperatitiona, and more eapeoially thoae which must have been 
rife at Aberdeen at the period when tlie triala in qneation took 
plane, a few years previona to the period of Shalcspere'a srqj. 
posed visit. — ^xildiiiff Club JUuceltam/ omj Seeordt iff Al« 
Prtttjfterg tf Abtrdtmi. 



ABBBDBEN DSAN OF QUHD AOOOUlilTB. 



Thb original record, from whioh we give these ^iraota, is 
nniqne. It is composed of a nnmber of sheets of fOolsotqi siae, 
on whioh letters had bomi written to sereralof the Aberdeen 



Paper havingbeenacarce and dear, tbe worthy Deans of Qnild, 
as a point of eoonomy, foldod these lettera so that the falaiik 
parts of the paper could be mode available for an aoooont-book 
of the Gnildry Fnnds — charge and disahaiga— oa w^wnte 
pages, mled for money oitries. 




£4 14 





6 





6 18 


4 


6 





62 14 


6 


18 6 


8 


18 6 


8 


7 16 





9 6 


8 



The oompt off ye deanne of gild off aberdein, from miobael. 
mes 1626, tomicbaelme^ 1627^Qeorge Biokert^ dean of gUd 
for 76 tyme ; — 

Disoharge and Exoneratio. 

Item — at ye Baluting of doctor f orbes at his home- 

oumingv 
Item — gevin for snatening a poor bodie in ye hall, 
Item^ — ^peyit for ane commission anent ye witoheSi 
For a baiTOw to carie ye cripple witches, 
To Bobt. bnchan for ye twa drams broght out of 

Bngland be him, ... 
^o Hr. Alex, f orbes for ane poesie presentit to ye 

provest on ye praise of aberdein, 
To ane pnir frenchman, 
Wyne and sptoerie to ye erle Enzie, 
Spent wt Mr, brys, Inglishman, 
to Alex, ramsy debursit be him for interteining ye 

witches, ... ... ... ... 142 8 4 

Tq Kr. andro clerk for his pains in wrytting ye dit- 

tays on ye witches, and sitting as clerk in ye 

commission, ... ... ... ... 6 18 4 

To Hr. Wm. Gargill for some poesie, dedicat be him 

to ye connsell, ... 
a ourtesie to my lord marischall, 
a cnrtesie to my lord Erskyne, ... 
wyne to ye bisohop Mmrray, . . . 
To ye piper,... 
To ane man distressit, 
10 quarters reid karsey to drommer 
ribbons and macking,... 

Charge of ye gild box silver of aberdein frae michael- 
mas 1626 to michaelmas 1627 : George Bickart, 
dean of gild ; — 

Fromgeorge morisone, frilie gevin be himself efter a 

voyage,... ... ... ... 20 

mair — ^fra alex. Dodsone efter his return fra his 

flooders voyage, ... ... ... ... 10 

mair — firom Mr. mathp Lmnsden efter his retnme 

from his English voyage, ... ... ... 13 6 8 

mair — ^from Mr. rob f arquhar geven be him at his re- 
tnme from germanie, ... ... ... 20 






10 





18 5 


8 


18 5 


4 


5 2 





013 





8 6 


8 


6 16 


8 


1 6 






68 

The Oompt of the deaarie of gild of ahdn., fra 
michaelmas 1629 to miohaelmes 1630 — ^Mr. rob- 
ert farqiihar being dean of gild, conteining 
charge and discharge as follows : — 

Onrtesie to ye Erie Murray and his ladyoi ... £18 4 

At ye macking Montrois bnrges, ... ... 24 12 

ane lock to ye Joggis, ... ... ... 4 

f or paidling and d^chting clarkis ohalmer, ... 2 8 

workmen helping Jon Datiidson at bnriall of Dram, 2 15 8 

To Scnrgie for burying Hardie ye witche, ... 1 4 

f or towis to harle her throw ye towne, ... ... 6 

To the post for the newis of prince, his birth, ... 4 

2 quarters wyne at ye croce to ye youthes, ... 1 12 

To george paton for heilling Wiseman's head, ... 6 18 4 
— Aberdeen Jowmah 



EXTRACTS FROM FASTI ABEBD0NBNSE8. 

AOCOUNTS KEPT BT PRINCIPAL ROW OP KINO's COLLBGB, OLD 
ABERDBBN, PROM 1652 TO 1661. 

Item, for divets, strae, and thecking to the kitohen, £11 
For fourteen books to the Bibliotheok, boaght at 

London by Dr. More, 
For six loads of peatts to W. S., 
Twelve loads to W. S., 
For watching the coalls, waiting on them 'twixt the 

tomis, and careing them up. 
To manie several distressed persons asking collec- 

bXUXlB, ... ... ... ... ... 

To a silver spoon, 

Twelve thrave of strae for thecking of laigh houses, 
belonging to the medicinar and chaplaine's 
chambers, ... ... ... ... 8 12 

To Gilbert Dennis to meet with other three masons 
to appryse the stons of the fort in the New 
X own, ... ... ... ... ... xxu 

To a boy for twyse under night going betwixt the 

touns about the 400 merks converted, ... 6 

To Smith Forsy for mending the saills of the knock, 1 10 

For cleamng the kitchen lum and the master's 

XIJ 11 ly ••• act ••• ••• At* JL# ^ 

To mendiDg the toDgae of the great bellj ... 6 



66 14 

1 

2 







12 





8 19 
5 9 


8 
6 



Eight fathoms of towes to the great bell, ... £1 

Item, when the rector came here first and was re- 
ceived, for wyn, snggar, bear, tobacco, ... 1 18 
Item, for a pint of March aill and tobacco, the B. of 

BoBse being in the Golledge, ... ... 6 8 

Item, for a key to the stndie at my door, the first 

being carried away by Simon M'Kenzie, ... 8 4 
Itemi to Elspet Lnmsden for a compt when the Earl 
of Eaithness was in the coUedge, for wyn, sng- 
gar, bear, &c., ... ... ... 054 

To Forsyth for righting the knock, ... ... 5 

Spent with some colle^^ friends of the Synod, ... 6 
A conztesie to the New Town Ministers and Masters, 6 
To Smith Forsyth for ordering and rectifying the 

little bells, ... ... ... ... 18 

For twelve fathoms of towes to the little mnsical 

bells, ... ... ... ... ... 18 

To Sir Anthony Cleveland, starving through want, 12 
Item, when the Earl of Mar was in the colledge for 

seek, French wyn, bear, tobacco, pyps, bred, &c. 11 8 
Item, when the bishop came first to the colledge, 17 

Item, at the first sedenmt of the visitation, for seek, 

French wyn, bred, tobacco, pyps, candle, ... 6 6 
Item, when the B. lady, sons, and daughters, came 

first to the colledge, for seek, snggar, and aill, 2 8 
Item, one afternoon, at a sederont amongst our- 
selves, for bear, &c., ... ... ... 8 

Item, for aiU at a meeting amongst ourselves, ... 4 
Item, at agreement betwixt the New Town scollars 
and ours, for wyn, snggar, aill, tobacco, and 
pyps, ... ... ... ... ... 890 

Item, for seek, French wyn, snggar, tobacco, and 
pyps, when my Lord Torpichen was in the ool- 
leuge, ... ... ... ... ... 4 XX o 

Item, for drink to ourselves at a meeting, ... 4 

Item, when Mr. Alex. Cant's wife came with her 

son to the colledge, ... ... ... 9 

For washing with glewed lym, shell lym, som rooms 
in the humanists mans, and for setting the 
chimney with lym, and for colouring grey the 
chimney, ... ... ... ... 2 8 

A courtesie to Col. Charles Fairfax and his officers, 8 2 



Ai ih9 Kin^i Oolled^t IM Fehruarjft 1686. 

The sad newes baying oome of the death of his Sacred Ma- 
jesty Charles the Second of blessed memorie, and of the Procla- 
mation of onr present Gracions Sovereign James the Seventh, it 
was appointe4 by tiie Principal and Masters that, morrow being 
Simday, the public gates of the Ck)lledge should be all coloured 
black, and the CoUedge loft in the Church should be all covered 
with black cloth, in testimony of our sorrow and mourning for 
the death of our dear and Gracious Sovereign ; as also th|kt, on 
Monday, there should be no lessons, but pubHc expressions of 
onr joy and thanks for 1^ Proclamation of our present Gracious 
King by ringing of bells, bonfires, and other usuad solenmities 
in such oases ; bHI which was done accordingly % . 

At the JEfN^t OolMffBy 2d Septmnhefy 1700, oowoened th$ 
Principal and remanent Maetera, 

Honsr. Gelly, a French founder, made the following propo- 
sitions for recajErting the bells of the steeple : — Isty That the Col» 
ledge, upon their proper charges, shall break down the said bells 
and delyver to him the metaU. 2d, The said Mr. Gelly engages 
out of two parts of the said metall to cast for the CoUedge use 
five or six good and sufficient musical bells according to the pro- 
portions and dimexisions that he shall give in to the Masters be* 
fore breaking down of the said bells. 8^, For his own proper 
charges and expenses, he demands the remaining third part of 
the metall, for which he engageth to be at the whole charge and 
expense of founding, and to deliver back to the Masters of the 
said CoUedge a good and sufficient chime or peal of five or six 
musical bells ; and if, when they are finished, they be not suf * 
ficientor do not answer, then is he to ask nothing for his pains. 
4£h, He requires that the Masters should furnish him, upon 
their own expenses, a convenient house wherein he may found 
these said bells ; which proposals being ripely advised and con- 
sidered by the Masters, and they having sufficient information 
of the said Mr. GeUy, his capacity and skill in this art, and that 
it were not possible to get the said bells recasten so easily else- 
where, it was unanimously resolved that, for a tryall, the two 
bells hinging next to the eight hour beU be broken, and that out 
of them he be aUowed to cast one, and th^t fbs quickly as may 
be ; and, if this answer our expectation, then may we proceed to 
the tenns foregoing by piecemeal to break down the rest, and 
give the said 1&. GeUy suitable enoooragement. 



8^;^ 8^9tmkb0r, 1701. 

Wt. Qeorge Gheyne allowed to be graduate doctor in medi- 
ome, becanse he is not only onr own countryman, and at present 
not rioh| but is recommended by the ablest and most learned 
phyncians in Edinburgh as one of the best mathematicians in 
Europe ; and for his skill in medicine he hath given a su£9cient 
indication of that by his learned traotat defebrtbus, which hath 
mode him famous abroad as well as at home ; and he being just 
now going to England upon invitation of some of the members 
of the Bc^iJ Society. 

^dAugutty 1702. 

Bepresentation being made of the damage which BaHlie 
Knight's house had sustained by founding the bells in it, it was 
unanimously agreed that the Golledge give twenty merks to Mr. 
Qellj, the founder for repairing the said damages. 

22d October^ 173a 

It being represented to the University that the want of an 
accomplished gentlewoman for teaching white and coloured seam 
was an occasion of several gentleman's sons being kept from the 
Colledge, the parents having to send them where they might 
have suitable education for their daughters also ; and that one 
Mrs. Guthbert, now residing in this town, had given sufficient 
proof of her capacity and <Uligenoe, the University judged it 
reasonable to advance her twelve pounds Scots out of the re- 
venue belonging to the Golledge for the ensuing year, 



EXTEACTS FEOM A HOUSEHOLD BOOK OF THE 
FAMILY OF EBBOL, KEPT FEOM THE YEAB 1650 TO 

1600. 

The following extract contains an account of the Earl of Errol's 
expenditure upon his way to Scoone, where he was to officiate 
as Lord High Gonstable at the Goronation of King Gharles the 
Second : — 

Dischairg beginning the 24th Dec. 1650. 

Dec. 24. — Item, for a grit bitt to ytur Lo } powniei at £0 18 4 



Item to Jas. Morrison, Gardiner, at Pe- 
terhead, for a pair ctfblak waUdng 
boots to ynr Lordship ... £12 

Item, to him for a pair d? shoes to your 

Lo:at ... ... ... 3 

Item to his son in drink-money, ... 18 

Dec. 26. — ^To William Fraser in Kintore for sapper 
and breald ast, and for oome and stra 
one night, according to his bill, 10 6 4 

Item, to his servants, ... ... 18 

Dec. 27. — ^Item, given to my Lord Eraser's servants, 
at Muchalls, your Lo : being there 
one night, ... ... ... 8 6. 

Item, to the stable groom there, ... 1 10 

Item to Einmnndie's man when he 
brought his masters horse to your 
Lo: ... ... ... 12 

Item for snpper and breakfast at Fetter- 
came, in Harie Balfonris, ... 7 

Item for come and stra for 7 horse one 
night there, ... 

Item, to the servants in drink-money, 
Dec. 29. — ^Item to the kirk box at Forfar, 

Item, to the beddal there. 

Item, to the poor there, ... 
Dec. 90. — ^Item, to the servants at Brigton, your Lo : 
being there two nights, 

Item, for aiU at Forfar between sermons. 

Item, for fraught of horse and men at 

Perth, ... ... ... 14 

Item, to a pint of aill to James M'Einge, 

that was sent before, ... ... 2 

Item, for 8 whyte battens to your Lo : 

and friends at the coronadonn, 6 8 

Item, that day for fraught of horse and 

men to Scoone and &om it, ... 18 

Item, for seek, sugar and aill, in your 

Lo : chamber the first night, ... 16 

1651. 
Jan. 2. — Item, given to his Majestie's footmen. 

Item, to 5 of his Majestie's trumpeters. 

Item, to his Majestie*s Coachman, ... 

Item, to blind Edward the songster, 
Jan. 6. — Item, to the poor, 
Jan, 7.— Item to a poor bc^. 



6 4 





18 





12 





12 





6 





5 8 





10 






• •• 



8 14 





12 





2 18 





12 





6 





2 






Item, for ^faread and aill the night that 
Bozb: and Brskin snppit with yonr 
Lo: ... ... ... £16 

Item, for fleshes frae Effie MTirra7*B that 

night, conform to her bill, ... 9 12 

Item to John Maokrath, barber, for trim- 
ming yonr Lo : 3 times at Perth, 6 8 
Jaii« 18* — Item to the man that helpit on with 

yonr Lo : robes at Perth and Sooone, 12 

Item, to Androw Kid, Merchant at Perth, 

according to his snbjamct acoompts, 662 

Item to the kirk box at Perth, ... 12 

Item, to Peter littlejohn, tailyonr, oon- 

f erz to his aooompt at Perth, 66 1 

Item, to him to pay Walter Yonnge, for 
ane gold hat-band, wying twa nns 
and 10 drops, at 10 ponnd the tms 
gpide, ... ... ... 27 10 

Item, to yonr Lo : dyet for several times 
at Effie Murray's and David Jack's, 
paid by Alex. Hay, ... ... 10 18 

Item to a MioBtrel at Effie Murray's, at 

yonr Lo : direction, ... ... 14 

Item, to the poor that day, ... 070 

Item for bread and drink at yonr Lo : 
collacioon, ane morning the time 
yonr Lo ! was at Perth, ... 2 7 4 

Item, given at yonr Lo : direction to Ed- 
ward the fooU, ... ... 2 18 

Item, to a blind man at Brigton, ... 6 

Item, to the poor at Forfar, ... 6 

Jan. 16. — ^Item, for supper and breakfast at Brechin, 7 6 

Item, in drink-money to the servants, 14 

Item, to a boy for his help at brig of Leipie 8 4 
Jan. 17. — Item, for supper, breakfast, and seek, at 
Drum Leithie ane night, 

Item, for come and stra to 7 horse there, 

Item, for a shoe to the black pownie, 

Item, to the servants there. 

Item, to the poor there, ... 

Item, for supper and breakfast at Susanna 
oiayes, ..* ... ••. 

Item, to the servants there 

Item, to the poor at Foveran, 

Item, tQ Eobert Hay, boatmani 



«•• 



12 16 





4 8 





6 





18 





6 





11 2 





1 4 





6 





012 






Jan. 19. — ^Item, to the kirk box at Cniden, ... £0 12 

Jan. 20. — ^Item, to a poet with a Letter to Grimon- 

mogate, ... ... ... 6 

Jan. 22. — Item, to Einmimdie's man when lie took 
back his master's horse your Lo : had 
south, ... ... ... 1 10 

— Aberdeen Chronicie, 1806. 



EXTEAOTS FROM TES COUNCIL EEGISTEB OF THE 

BUBGH OF ABEBDBEN. 

l^h JDecemher^ 1444. 

It is ordanit and statute for the commoone gade and quiet of 
this toune, and for stancheing of trespassours and rebellonrs 
aga jne the law, that all the indweUaris and inhabitantes of this 
burgh sail assist to the alderman and officiaris of this burgh to 
manteigne the law and punyce trespassourls but f auour ; and 
quhasa dois the contrair sail be haldin rebell agayne the toune, 
and that the gudemen of the toun sal write to the King vnder 
the commoune seell to be punyst be him, and all sio rebellonrs 
sal be excludit fra al takes, profites, office, and worschip of this 
toun. 

21st ApnU, 1452. 

The xxi dai of Aprile, the yher of Grace j™ iiij*^ fiftee and 
twa, the maste parte of the hale communitee of this burgh deli- 
uerit and consentit all with ane assent, that, because of perile 
apperand, the toune salbe stryngthnit and f ortifiit with walles 
and strynthes in all gudeli haste ; and, because this may noght 
be devisit and done with mony persounes, the aldermane sail 
chese certane weel set persounes to passe with him aboute the 
toune, and devise quhat manor of stryngthning sal be made, and 
in quhat places, and how the coste salbe tane and made. And 
quhatsumeuer thing the f orsaides persounes devises, ordanis, and 
does, ther sal naman oontrar agayne call na agaynstand, vndir 
pane that thai sail demaryt as brekaris of commoune ordinance 
without remyssioune, and the alderman, in presence of the sam- 
myn communitee, hes chosin to pass with him thir persounes 
▼ndirwrittin, that is to say, the dene of the gilde Duncane of 
Clat, John Scrogs the son, Bichard Kyntor, John Howison, and 
Wat Gififard, with otheris werkmaui quhUkis plesis them to haue 
with thaim, 



14^ J«i^, 1483. . 

The wj day of Jolij, the yer bdii| it is ordanyit be the al- 
therman and the oonsaile theit Dany ^atrikson, burges of the 
Baide burgh, for the rebellione done be him to the altherman, 
fyrst, that he sail ramayne in the tolbnth on to the mome, at 
the wil of the altherman and the oonsaile ; and thar efter, on 
the Sonday next to cum, the saide Dauy sail cum bar fate, with 
his gowne lonse, and a candill of a pnnde of wax in his hande, 
to Saint Nicholace kirk in the tyme of the hee messe, and offir 
that candill thar to the altar, and aake the altherman and his 
oonsaile f orgifnes, for the Inf of God, and nenr to do sio thyng 
again ; and syne thar ef^er the said Dauy, fra that day furth, sal 
gyf oukly for the hale yeir, a pynt of wyne to the kirke for his 
said rebellione, and to the f ultilling of this, the saide Dauy is 
oblist and swome, be the f ath of his body, in presens of the al- 
therman and his consale. 

18^^ Jtf^, 1463. 

[Letter to the Earl of Huntly and others, excusing the Town 
from joining them.] 
Hee and myghty lor^s, I recomwande me humbly on to your 
lordschippis with all humilytie and seruioe. Pleyse your 
lordschippis to wit, that I haf e ressauyt certan credens of youris, 
be your skwyar Alex, of Lesly, chargeand me and the tone to 
be at you this Monunday at evine at the Cabbrach. My lordis, 
I haf e callit the nichburis of our tone and schawin thaim your 
credens, the quhilk nichburis ar wele set at all thair gudely 
poweris to pleyse your lordschippis with thair seruice, in alsf er 
as thai may, beseking your lordschippis ye Will nocht be dis- 
pleysit that thai may nocht come to this hasty tryst, efter his 
credens, for in gud f athe, we haf e na hors, na may get none to 
cum, because of the wamyng of the cuntre of gentilmen, to cum 
to your lordschippis at this tryst. And f orthir, my lordis, we 
ar chargit be cure souerane lord to kepe cure toune, for he is 
sickerly informyt of aflot of Inglismen to cum for the destruc- 
tion of our tone, and of vtheris within this realme, for the 
quhilkis we beseke yow to haf e us excusit, as our great traist is 
in your singular lordschippis, the quhilkis AUmichty God con- 
serue at your hee and mythty nobiU hartis desiris. Writtyn, 
vnder my signet, at Aberdon, this last Monunday the xviii day 
of July. 

27th February y 1471. 
The penult day of Februar, the yer of God Ixxi, because that 
the office of belxnanschip of this burgh was yacand^ the alderman 




gerd Johne Solater pas with the bel thrcm thetowne; 
the oomnnitie to cum to the tolbnthe, for the ohesing of a bel- 
man that war maist habit and profitable for the tonne. And 
with the oonsent of the aMerman, balzeis, consaili and comnnite 
of the tonne that war present in the tyme ef ter the passing of 
the bel, Androw Murray, masowne, com in presence of thaim al 
and proflferit to gif for that ofl&ce of belmanschip, for his tyme, 
yerly, to the common proffite of the tonne, fyve markis, and to 
do all vthir deuiteis and service to the tonne that ony vthir bel- 
man did of before ; the alderman in the tyme inqnirand gif ony 
vtbir man wald gif mare, and fand na man that wald gif sa- 
mekil. And forthwith, that beand done, the alderman, in the 
name of the tonne and of the commnnitle, delinerit til the said 
Audro the bel, and chesit him for all the daies of his life com- 
mon belman, "vvith consent of the bailyeis, consale, and com- 
jiiuiiite, bcand present foF the tyme, as said is. Heratour, the 
paid Audro U obH-.c to byde and to remayn at Sanot Kicholace 
"vvarl:, niid al vtliir coTnmon warkis, for his tyme, for Bioklike fee 
as iic iiiay iiaif in vtldr places. 

dOlh Mayy 1476. 

James, be the grace of God king of Scottis, til the alderman, 
ballcis, consale, and commnnitie of onr burgh of Aberdene, gret- 
ing : Forsamekil as our derest bruthir, Johne Earle of Marr, re- 
paris and residis diuerse tymes quietly in cure said burgh of 
Aberdene, cure wil is, and we exhort and praise you, and also 
straitlie commandis and chargis that, in al tymes tecum, ye as- 
sist to our said bruthir, and, for the souerite and keeping of his 
person, ye redely ijse with him quhat tyme he chargis you, in 
the actionis and querreUis that he happenis to haue ado within 
our said burghe, for we haue gevin him speciale charge and com- 
mand to supple and defend you in cure absence agane ony per- 
sons that wald oppress or iniure you in ony wise. And this on 
na wise ye leue vndone, as ye wil haue singulare thank of ws, 
and vndrr al paine and charge that efter may follow. Geuin vn- 
der our priuie seil, at Edinburgh the zix day of Aprile, and of 
our regne the zvi yer. James B. 

15^^ Septembery 1477. 

Item, the same day, it is ordanit and decretitit be the alder- 
man and consale, for the vrphalding of diuine seruise, daily to be 
made in the qweyr and kirk of Aberden, that Wilyam Tong, ane 
of the clerkis, sal haue the quarter of the Gkilowgate til Ids fee 
for this instant, and Bichaid Bpyl the quarter of the CaBfcelgate, 

fknd q^oldlk <A the aaid qxiadieris is better than vtluMr to be xaad§ 




.^^rcitl4^.tlie a^iderman and ootusale, and 
jtdam St|£3^^3lifei^EluBS^pra with the Grene, and Andro 
BttalOi iJ^erfod oleic, OEd hafe the Gaistraw, with the Scnlehil. 

4dh Moif, 1484. 

The 4th day of May, anno 1484, Maistre Johne Gray, mason, 
was resanit be the alderman, baillies, consale, and commtmite of 
the bnrgh of Aberdene, in maistre of wark, to the bigging of 
Sanct Necolaoe wark, quhilk has takin upon him to be continnale 
labourand and diligent for the vpbringing of the said wark, and 
to do al car concerning the said wark that accordis til a maister 
of wark, baith in labouring of his awyn personn, devysing, be 
seyng and onrseyngof vtheris masons and warkmen that sal be 
vnder him, for aJ the dais of his lif , to the finale completing and 
ending of the said wark, at al his possibilitie and power, the 
best wyse that he can. For ye qnhilkis thingis to be done he 
has,, in presence of the baillies, connsale, and communite for- 
saidis, geyin the great bodely aith, to be lele and trew to the 
said wark for all the dais of his life, vnto the completing and 
ending of the same. And the said master of wark sal labour 
him self, and ger vtheris masons and warkmen vndar him labour 
daily and continualy, ef ter the act of parliament thairupon. For 
the quhilkis labouris and seruice, to be done be the said Maister 
of wark, the saidis alderman, baillies, connsale, and communite, 
has promittit to gif yerly to the said maister of wark, for his fie, 
twenty pundis and five merkis, til a propyne in al oostage en- 
durand all the dais that he has to lif, quhil the said wark be 
complete. And the day of his entra to the said wark the day of 
this present write. And this said some of £23 16s. 8d. yerly, 
to be pait til him at four termes in the yere, proporcionaly, as 
thai and he sal accord best thairupon. 

Ist Fehruaryt 1484 

The first dai of Februar, the yer of God 1484, it is ordanit 
and decretit be the alderman and connsale, that the talyeours 
and al utheris craftismen within the tonne, sal, in tyme to cum, 
beyr thare takyinis of thare craft apon thaxe beristis, and thare 
best aray on Canddilmes day at the Ofiferand ; and quha that 
contervinis, and dois nocht, sal tyne thare f redum for a yer. 

Zlst May^ 1488 

The samyne day, the aldirman and consale forsaid, with 
aviso of the curat and collectour, ande part of the communite, 
ande vtheris chaplannis, for the vphauldin ande augmentatione 
of devyuo seroioe in the ^UQir of AbirdeaOi hos gevia ood 



"* ' ■tiJtt" 



.k 




granntit to Sandy Vooafc the pr ay a n r bdl^ wikc ale »«..«/u«^, 
comoditeis, asiamentis, profitis, ande deviteisy awsht and wont. 
The said Alexander ryngand the said bel daily, at the honm of 
twelf at noone and sex at evjne, as vse is, for al Oristyne 
saulis, ande doing seroioe in the queir at his gadly possibilitie. 

The said day, it was delinerit be a swome assise, David Mar 
f orspekar, that Chiistane Lilbome sail cmn in presence of th& 
alderman, balyeis, and the hale court, and on her kneis ask 
Schir Johne Streweling f orgifnes for the stmblance of him ynder 
silence of nycht, openly glammerand him, saaand scho said ger 
banys the said Schir John ont of this tonne, qnhilk the nid 
Schir Johne wald nocht half sastenit for j'^cronniSj and atourfor 
part of assithment of the said blasf emmy, the said Gristiaa tsedl 
com on Sonday nixt to the hie altar in Sanct Nicholes kirk, aaid 
proffer j lib. of wax in hir hand to the said Schir Johne, at hie 
mestim, in presons of the haill pepiU, at the will of the said 
Schir John ; and atoar gif the said CristiaB beis convictit in tim 
to cum for stmblance of the said Schir Johne, or of ony vtheris 
famous personis, the said Gristian sail pay to Sanct Nioholet 
warkis x merkis, at the will of the alderman, and the connsale of 
the tonne, and of the party, the said x merds vnforgiffin, to- 
gidder with ane sufficient amendis till the party. 

3d Fehruart/, 1496. 

The saide day, it was delinerit be the alderman and eooBale 
present for the tyme, for the gret offense committit be Williame 
Belty agains Thomas Wans, that the said William sail offir and 
present his crag to the goyf , and his knyf in his hand, thAr to 
stand at the wil of the said Thomas ; and atoor the said Wil« 
Ham salcum one Sonday that next comis, in the tyme of hie 
messe, in lynning claitMs, bare lege, fute, and hede, with ane 
lonse goyne, and j candiU of ane pond of wax in hk hande, and 
his dravn knyf in his tother hand, offering the oandiU to haly 
kirk, and the knyf to the said Thomas, in takin of repentance 
of the said offence, asking the said Thomas and his frondis on 
his kneyes f orgyvnes ; and attonr the said William sail pay half 
ane stane of wax to the haly bind licht; andatonr, gyf ener the 
said Williame committis any offense or stmbnlanoe to the said 
Thomas, or ony vtheris f amonse personis in tym to cimi, and 
beis conuikit thairintill, he sail pay tene pnndis to Sanot Ni- 
choles wark vnf orgevin ; and to the fulfilling and keping of the 
deliuerance, the saide Williame and Thomas was oblist be the 
fajtMs of ilm bodies thor hands yphftldin* 



7^ June, 1497. 

The saide day, William Stray, litster, Thomas Robertsone, 
Johne Mnnk, Johne Litstar, Andro Murray elder, and for him 
Bauid Murray, Bobert Themdaile, and Edward Top, ilk ane of 
thame in ane amerciament of the court, because thai failzeit in 
the waohing of the tone be thaime and thar seruandis, efter the 
tenour of the ak maid thairapone abef or, for the quhilkis ilkane 
of the saide persones sale pay to the halie blud licht j lib. of 
wax ; Andrew Murray, d. stane, and Johne Litstar, his mache 
ij. lib. ; and that thai pay the wax or thai pass out of the tol- 
buith, and ij s ilkan persone to the balzeis for their wnlaw, and 
thar seruandis to be put in the goif , thar to reman quhile vij 
honris efter noone, and nocht to be lousit out of the goif quhile 
the said hour, for nay request. 

44h July, 1497. 

The saide day, it was statut and ordanit, gif the Inglismen 
propose to lande one thenortht partis of the havyne, that al ma- 
nare of men, with thar cartis of weir, with horsis, gunrye, artail- 
serie, and ail vther def ensabile wapinnis, be redy, and pass to 
resist thame for tiie saiftie of our cathedral kirk, my lord of 
Aberdenifl palace, aur maisteris the chanonis, and ther f amiliaris 
and habitaciones. 

\Uh Jul^ 1407. 

The Baide day, it was statut and ordanit be the alderman and 
oonsale that the balzeis sal waime the wache nychtlie, as thai 
wile ansuer to the kinge and the toune; and the seriandis to be 
redy. at thair oommavnde. And Thomas Leslie sal wame the 
wache the first v nyoht, Bobert Culane the secunde v nychtis, 
Andro Culan the third v nychtis, and Thomas Fyf the last v 
nychtis. And that ale the saide personis sail walk personalie, 
and put nay man to waik for thame, vndir the panys contentit in 
Qur soueran lordis lettexis directit thairapone, that is to say. of 
tynsel land, lyoe, and gudis. 

The xiiij day of July, the yer f orsaide, it was statut and or- 
danit be the alderman and eonsaJe, for the sayf ty of the toune, 
that thir peronis vndir writtin sal be hedea of the waohe, in the 
first the zi\j nycht of July: 

The alderman, the xiij nioht of July. 
Alexr. MenzeSj the xiiij nyoht. 
Bobert Blinsel, the xy nycht. 
Alexr. vOhanunTt the x^ nyoht. 



70 

Datdd Menzeifl, the srij nyoht. 

Alexr. Rede, the xviij nycht. 

Thomas Prat, the xix nycht. 

lonhne of Culan, the zz nycht. 

lohne Golisone, the zzi nycht. 

lohne Wormet, the zxij nyoht. 

lohne Knollis, the zxi^ nyoht. 

Andro Murray elder, the zziiig nyoht. 

Alezr. Gray, the xxr nycht. 

William Futhes, the xxvj nycht. 

lohne Blak, the xxvij nycht. 

Alezr. Mar, the xxviij nycht. 

Danid Mathesone, the xxix nyoht. 

James Golisone, the zzz nycht. 

Andro Cullane zonger, the last nycht. 

William Porter, the first nyoht of Angnst. 

Hobert Crag, the secnnd nycht of Ang^t. 

24sth November^ 1505. 

The said day, Philip Belman, be his avin toting grannt, was 
in ane amerciament of theconrt for the sellinge of ane apill for 
ane penny, qnhar he micht hane sanle thre for ane penny. 

%th May^ 1508. 

The said day, it was statnit and ordanit be the alderman, 
baillies, and consale, that all personis that are abill within this 
btirghe sail be reddy with thair arrayment maid in grene and 
yallow, bowis, arrowis, brass, and all nther convenient thingis 
according thairto, to pass with Robyne Huyd and Litile Johnne, 
all tymes convenent tharto, quhen thai be reqnirit be the saidis 
Bobyne and Litile Johnne, ef ter the tenor of the statuta and 
proclamationn maid be theproveistis, baOlis, and comisaill ; and 
gif ony of the said personis happenis to f ailye in ony poynt be- 
f or writyne sail pay f onrty shillings unf orgiven, and sail no(^t 
bruik noir joiss, tak, fisching, nor land of the said burgh. 

VJth November, 1508. 

The said day, the pronest, bailyeis, connsail, and oonmmnite 
of the said burgh, representand the haill body of the samyne, 
wamit be the hand bell, ale in ane voice considerand, riplie 
avisit, for the auld rit and lovabile consuetud of the said burgh, 
vsit and persemit all tymes bigane, past memor of man, in 
honor of thar glorius patron Sanct Nicholaioe, statnt and or- 
danit, that all personis, bulges, niohtbonris, and inhabitaris, 



71 

bnrgea 8omi;f8, habill to lyd, to iBOot and honor the towno ia 
that array conveiBaxit therto, sail rid with Bobert Huyid and 
Litile Joime, quhilk was callit, in yers bipast, Abbat and Prior 
of Bonaocord, one every Sanct Nicboles d&j, throw tbe towne, 
ai use and wont has bene, qnhen thai war wamit be the said 
Bobert Hnyde or Litile Jolmei or ony ane of theme ; and gif 
ony man haffiuid taks of watris, fischeingis, landis, or ony pen- 
Bionn or profflt of the tonne, habill to rid, beand wamit be the 
eaidis Bobert Hnyd or Litile Johne f orsaid, and will nocht ryd, 
and beis oonvict tharintill be ane suome assiss of the said burgh, 
Ball tyne thar takis, pensionnis, and proffitis that thai hane of 
the said bnrghe, and salbe seclndit, removit, and utterlie expellit 
fra ale taMs, pensionis, profitis, qnhatsnmever thai have of the 
Baid bnrgh, in tyme to cnm ; withont reasonable canss schawin 
and propinit to the prouest, bnllyeis, connsaill, Bobene and 
Litile Johne, obef oir, and be considert be thame to be la'nchfnU 
impediment and excuss qnharthrow thai mycht not ryd : and 
the personis havand na talds of the said bnrghe, beand wamit 
be the said Bobert Hnyd or Litile Johnne, and will not rid, sail 
pay zx shilling to Sanot Nicholas werk, and vlg sh. to the baiU 
yeis unlaw vnf orgevin. 

80^ January f 1510. 

The said day, it was fnndin be the atild loyabile conEmetnd 
and Tjt of the bnrgh, that, in the honor of '€k>d and the Blissit 
Virgin Mary, the craftsmen of the samyn, in thar best aray, 
kepit and decorit the processionn, on Candilmes day yerlie; 
qnhilk anld and lonabile consuetud the prouest, baiUies, and 
consale riplie avisit, ratef eit, and approvit the said ryt ; and 
atonr, statut and ordanit that the saidis craftsmen and thar suc- 
cessoris sale perpetnalie in tyme to cnm, observe and keipe the 
said procession als hononrabily as thai can ; and thai sale in 
order to the Oflfering in the Play, pas tna and ij togidr socialie ; 
in the first the flesshoris, barbonris, baxtnris, cordinaris, skin- 
eris, coupairis, wrichtis, hat makars bonat makars togidr, wal- 
caris, litstaris, wobstaris, tajlyeooris, goldsmiths, blaksmithsand 
hemermen : and the craftsmen sale fumyss the Pageants ; the 
cordinaris the Messing ; wobstaris and walcaris Symeon ; the 
smythis goldsmithis, i\j Eingis of Collane; the litstaris, the 
Emperour ; the masons, the Thrie Knichtis ; the tailyors, Onr 
Lady Sanct Brid, and Sanct Elene ; and the skynners, the Tna 
Bischopis ; and tna of ilke craft to pass with the pageant that 
thai fumyss to keip their gear ; and gif ony persone or personns 
happinis to fayle and brek ony poynt boilcEt ^^TDios^^a^Xc^ 



72 

convict tHarof , Bale pay xl ah, to Sanot Nicholas werk, and thb 
bailjeis unlaw nnfor^vin : ande to the observing andkeping of 
the samyn ale the said craftsmen waa oblist, be thar hands up« 
haldin. 

25th Jcmuary, 1512. 

The said day, the pronest, bailyeis, aaA connsale present for 
the tyme, ratef eit and approvit the actis maid obef oir, that every 
craft within this towne, sail hane a pair of torcheiss, honestlie 
maid of f onr pnnd of wax, to decoir and worship the sacrament 
one Corpus Xti day, and at the Fest of Pesche, at the Besnr- 
rexioun, at Youle, and at all Vther tymes, qnhen neid is to the 
honor of the town ; and ordainns all frie and nnfre to loit and 
scat, and pay .thair part tharto, as thai are extentit to, be the 
defenys of tlmir craftis. 

ZOth April, 1511. 

The said day, it was statut and ordanit be the prowest, bail- 
zeis, and counsail for the tyme, for the clenging of the tonne 
agane the quenys cmnming, that the belman pas throw all the 
hail tonne, and command and chairg all manor of personis, that 
has ony myddingis apon the f orgait bef or thair yetts and daioris, 
to devoid, red, and cleng the samyn, betnix this and Sonday, 
vnder the pane of xl s. vnf orgiven of the faltars, and them thai 
reds nocht the san^yn. And atonr comandit the f onr officiaris 
to tak with ilkane of thame twa witnes, and pas throng their 
qnarteris of the tonne, and ger devoid and red the heygait of al 
Bwyne crvffis being apon the forget, bettiix this and Sonday, vn- 
der the pane of escheting of the swyne of thame tijoithalds the 
said cmffis, atonr the said tyme, and ane amerciament of viii. s. 
vnforgiven. 

4ieh May, 1511. 

The said day, the pronest, bailzeis, oonnsaill, and commnnite 
of the said burgh wamit be the handbell and the officiaris op- 
pinly throw the haill towne, gatherit, and circnaJy inquerit, be 
Normond of Lesly and QilbOTt Prestoun, officiaris, all in one 
voice, conoordand, grantit, and frely consentit to rassave onre 
soverane lady thequeyne,*als honorablie as ony burgh of Soot- 
land, except Edinburgh allanarlie, and to mak als large expensis 
thereapone as the prouest and coonsaill diuiss, for the honour of 
the towne ond plesoor of his gnd grace. And for the maney to 

* Margaret, the Quaen of JamsB IV. 



himiss and mak the ezpensiss heroapone, the baill towne, repre- 
sentande the body of the samyne/grantit, consentit, and ordanit 
certaine commissaris, that is to say, the prouest, Sir Johnne 
Entherfnrd) Johnne Colison, Johnne of Mar, James Collisonn, 
Johnne of Cnllan, and Andron Cnllane, to set certaine takiz 
fischeings, and landis of thar conunonte for the termes to be 
thonoht expedient be Hbe said oommissariB, for the sowme of ii*^ 
lib., under or abnf , as thai think expedient, to pronid the said 
propin allanerly ; and ordanit ane commissiomi to be maid to 
the said commissaris, and selit with thar commone seill. Alsna 
thai ordand assedationis to be maid and dinisit be the said com- 
missaris, to thepersonis takaris of the said landis and watteris, 
to be seHt with thar commone selis, for the termes that the said 
commissaris happinnis to set the samyn. Apoun the qnhilkis 
the pronest askit instrument of me. Sir Johnne Stemeling, notar 
pnblict, befor Sir Thomas Bynne, Sir Dauy Leis, Sir Thomas 
Wricht, and Sir Dany Lyel, and the said commissioun and asse- 
dationis to be mftid one the senerast wiss to bnrges, induellaris 
of the said bnrgh. 

The said day, the provest, bailzeis, counsaill, and communi- 
tie, commandit, and ordanit all pynonris, haffand hors, within 
this bmght, to enter tomome at the nixt, and olenge the tonne 
of all myddingis, and no labour to be done be thame qnhiU the 
tonne be clengit, and ordanit the officiaris to wame the said 
pynonris to enter tharto. ^ . 

These notices of her Majesty's visit derive additional interest 
when taken inconnectiaft with the following admirable descrip- 
tion of the Queen's entry to the town on this occasion, given by 
onr great nattonal poet Dunbar, who seems to have been a spec- 
tator of this event ; — 

Bltth Abbbdbsis, thow beriall of all tonnis. 

The lamp of bewtie, botmtie, and blythnes ; 
Unto the heaven [ascendit] tt^ renown is. 

Off vertew, wisdome, and of worfchines ; 

He nottit is th^ name of nobilnes. 
In to the Gumming of Onr Lnstie Qaein, 

The wall of wel&, gnid cheir and mirrines. 
Be blyth, and blisitill, bnrgh of Aberdein. 

And first Hirr met the burgess of the tonn, 

Richelie arrayit as become thame to be. 
Of qnhom th^v chesit fonr men of renonn. 

In gonnes d: velvot, yonng, abin, and lnstie^ 

To heir the paiU of velvet orainase 



-- „ -^^ „ „_ -u twbii 

Tt WW the •owid of the anelerie I 
ijrtti, and bUifoll, boargb of Abardcdn. 



hlrMtJwPoii. 

1 tfsold lOd (Uk, Ml (llBMUltllB, 

n miMc^ wltb nau All dliport. 



Qqliklilb , 

Of the nrdtt Virgin, gnldlle m]>olit be ulna i 

nie eoimd of laontntUle blMnut to tbt ■kri 
Be Uftb and bUefoll, tmigli tf AfiM^am. 

Anfl arna thou gen the Oiiont IdnfflB thris 

Otftr W OhrjBt, Tdth benyna reTOTonoe, 
Gold, sauce, and mtr, with all hnndUtiB. 

BchawBsd him jTlng with most iiuigTilSc«iro ; 

Byne oiihow the Ajieill, wlUi aword of violonco, 
Pnnh of tlio joj of Partwlica pnit clein 

Atlaine Bad Eve for inobodkriDe i 
Be blfth Euul bUBfoU, Luigh of Aberdslii. 



Bli£ht BmalL BCrasg, tni „ , 

Slie[uoblllBtewHts]trna,(ifgi«atraiu 
Tbow gurt npnaing, mth bmusiai new m 

8m Elorlonella, qahlllc slelded all Iha toi 
Be bljQi and bllaKll, burgb of Abndein, 

Syne eoma thair fanr sad tn 

All cUld In greiue of mai^ 

With hair detremit, oa tbioiflis of _, 

With qohyl hattls all browderit i^cht bmveue, 

Playand on timbarallifl, and nyngand rjCht Bwaitlle i 
That saimile sort, In ordour welU beaein, 

Did meet tto Qnxm. her saluand reverentlia ■ 
Be blyih and hllBfoll, bnrgli of Aberdein. 



And pleaeaut inidvlieaneB pludt prettelie ; 
The legeiea all did ID thalr Ladf loott, 
Qoha was (x>nToyed with ane royall rontt 

Offffryt harronnes and InsUo ladyiB [sohene] j 
WalcoiM, OUT Qnaig- 1 the oonunona gaif ane i 

Be blft^ and biii^all, burgh of Aberdem. 

min^ great was the mirth and joj^ 

u Croce abonndantlie rane w;ue ; 

indldhorconvoyj 

Q- did titl liir propina ; 
Ane aoetla oonp that iaf ge tiling wald ocmtane, 
Conrlt and rail of cta»eitt gold ncht frna i 
Be bljtt and Ulaftill, burgh Of Aberddn. 



w 

potent PsnrosM, plMBant, and prdolair, 

Oreat cause Thow hes to thank this nobill teozii 
That for to do The hononr, did nocht spalr 

Thair geir, riches, substance, and perflOim» 

The to ressave on malst flair fttsoun ; 
The for to pleis they socht all way and mein { 

Thairfoir, sa lang as QuBnr thon beiriB Oron&t 
Be thankful to this burgh of Aberdein. 

26ih February, 1612. 

The said day, Philp Clerk, belman, be his avine tong grannt, 
was in amerciament of the ccmrt, for pasedng with the commone 
hand bell throw the tomie, bnt charge of the pronest and bail- 
zeis, and of the botismene that brocht certane oysteris her to 
Bell, and wamit ale men that wald by of tham [to] cam, and 
thai snld [have] j*^ for iiij d., qnhair thai sellit tham for vi d. j* ; 
for the qnhilkis he was ordanit, be the assyse be the oonsale of 
the towne present for the tyme, that the said behnan snld syt done 
one his kneis and ask the awnaris of the said oysteris f orgiwnes, 
and his crag to be pnt in the goyf at thar wyle. And g^ enere 
he passe throw the tonne in tyme to cnm in siclik caise, bnt 
charge of the pronost and bailzeis, his crag salbe pnt in the gof , 
and stand zzii\j honris, and salbe seolndit of that office for ale 
the dais of his lyve. 

60th Deomber, 1618. 

The said day, it was statnt and ordanit be the protest, bail- 
zeis, connsaill, and communitie, that all ontbnrges sail come 
and mak personall residence within this burghe, within twenty 
dais heiref ter, vnder the paine of tinsaile of thair f redome ; and 
that na man duelland within this bnrgh mak him to remnif 
furtht of the samyn, vnder the pain of tmsail of his fredomefor 
ener, and for all that he has of the towne. 

IZih May, 1514. 

The said day, it was statnt and ordanit be the pronest, con- 
saill, and commnnite of this bnrgh, for resisting of onr anld ine- 
meis of Ingland, that thar be wamyt nychtly ancht able men, 
fumyst with wapins, to waicht and keip the toon and the cost 
syid, iiij at Sanct Fethakis, bezond the wattir, and vther f onr at 
the Cnnnynger hillis ; and at thai hane rady with them f yr and 
stnf to mak blaise, to wame thar marowis gif thai sal hapin se 
ony salis one the cost, ilkane to wther. To the giding of the 
qnhilkis thair salbe wamyt, be the offidar of the quarter, a prin- 
dpall man, quhilk salbe ane of thir personia vndfic ynn^^ VS&s^ 



M 

is to lay, in the cmldt qndrter Btmoane Oolisone, quliilk sail be* 
gin and walk this nycht, WilHam Porter, Alexander Gray, Wil. 
liam Schesem, Thome Cranfurd, James Colisone, Schir John 
Rnthirfnird, Alexr. Rudkfiird, William Wormet, and Johne 
Arthonr ; in the evin quarter. lohne Colisone, lohnne Cnllen, 
Androw Cnllen, Qawane Mnrray, Danid Andersone, Mathow 
Brancht, Johnne Andersone, Johnne Murray senior, Walter 
Cnllen, Androw Fif , Johnne at Murray songer, Androw Litstar, 
BcharUs Stevensone, and Dauid Kmtor; in Futhy quarter, 
Johne .Blak, Johne Kintor, Dauid Fynnie, Fatrik Schimsid, 
Thome Waus, William Bolland, Gilbert Menzeis, prouest, Johne 
Mar, and Dauid Steuart ; and in the Grein qumrter, Alexander 
Malisone, Thomaa Chamer, Fatrik Lesly, Greorge Bisset, Gilbert 
Litstar, and Androw Stratoun. And ane of the aaidis persoKdg 
that is wamit be the officiar sail nyohtlie compeir at auoht 
houris on the castell hill, with the bailzie and officiar of the 
quarter, and ryng the bell of the schappell, quhilk sail be oalHt 
the waioht bell, and thar sail exeme the said auoht persondi 
wamit to waicht for that nycht gif thai be abiU and conuenient 
thairf olr, and gif thai find ony unable of the said personis thar^ 
thai sail fee ane able man, and gif him for his laubour ane 
Inglis grot, one thar expenssis that sendis sic unable men far 
tham. And the said auoht personis to be ordourit and sytiiafc 
be the said prinoipall man, quhilk sal walk with tham in propyr 
persone. ijid quha of the said personis that remoffis and paseds 
awaj fra the said waioht, or the sown ryaing, saJbe banist the 
toun for yeir and day. 

16th June, 1514. 

It is statut and ordanit be the jyrouest, baillies, consail, and 
hain bodie of the tounn, that the tazt set for the byggyn of 
thair blokhouse, cartis, and the gunneris heir, be incontinent 
pait, and that euery baillie sail pass throucht his quarter to 
euery persone awand thair taxt that thai stentit to, andrequyr 
paiment thairof. And quha that failliesonpait wit^iin xxiiy 
houris, sail pay, for the f erst tyme^ viij s. to the baillies f orane 
vnlaw ynf orgevin ; and for the secund tyme, thai being requyrit, 
the wnlaw to be doublit ; and for the third tyme, thar gud^ to 
be esohit, and our sourane lordis letteris put to ezeoutioon thair- 
wpoun* 



7fh September^ IS21. 
lalaeis chai^ all tmcl 



The-said &a^ the balaeis chai^ aUtmd itindi^ inhabetaris cif 

that 



of tham tak one hssnd to poll, gader, nor away tak nane of the 
xnnssilliB, nor kokillis now begingin to gader one ane now skap 
at the northt watter, besyd the Gmmingar hillis, for yeir and 
day, that the f orsaid skap be perfectly growing, vndir the pane 
of banising the tovne for yeir and day onef orgevin. 

2Sth Apnl, 1522. 

The said day, thir personis vnder writtin has tayne on^thame 
to fnmess certane cartis, to the carting of the townis artalzery, 
that thai may be reddy in tyme of neid, eftir the anld rit and 
oonstitntionn of the gayd town, that is to say, the provest, a 
cart I the four baillies, a cart ; Gilbert Menzeis, a cart ; James 
ColHsone and Danid Andersone, a cart ; Johnne Mar, a cart ; 
Johnne Blak, Gfeorge and Gkunen Mnrra, and Johnne Andersone, 
a cart ; Johnne Murray, Alezr. Gray, William Chesolme, and 
Andro Stratonn, a cart. 

And inlikwise the provest and baiUies hes chargit thir craf tis 
vnder written, of thair awin consent, to perf orme and fnmeiss, as 
efter f ollowis : The litstar craft, a cart ; the bazter craft, a cart; 
the flesseris, a cart ; the cordinaris, a cart ; the taHzeouris, a cart ; 
the hammermen, a cart ; walkaris and wobstaris, a cart ; and to 
mak and perf orme the samyn within vrj dayis, nnder the peyne 
of zl s. vnforgeyin. 

The said day, it was statut, and ordanit, with consent and 
assent of the haill bodie of the toim, that quhome it salhappin 
to be absent fra thair nezb wapinschawe, to be haldin on Furis- 
day the first day of May next to cum, to be haldin the Woman- 
hrU, at iz honris in the morning, at thai sal pay zl s. vnfor- 
geyin ; and qnhatsnmenr personis that beis fund in ony borrowit 
geir the said day, othir jak, splent, knapskaw, or ony other geir, 
the samyn to be eschit be the provest, and to pay the baUlies 
vnlaw vnf orgevin. 

. ^th November, 1623. 

The said day. Master Johne Mersohel, master of the gramar 
skull of Abirden, grantit in jngment that he had offendit to his 
masteris of the towne, and besouoht tham to pardone him, and 
confessit thaim that he haid the schonllof thame, and snld hald 
the samyn ilk as his predicessonris haid downe in tyme bigane ; 
and the prouest, in nayme of the haile tonne, ressanit him 
thankfully, pennittaod to be him a gad maatoc in tpaoA QsvasQo^> 



78 

he being than a gad seruand, as aooordis him to do.* 

James, be the grace of God king of Scottis, to onr shireff of 
Aberdene and his depntis, and to onr lonittis Sohyr Jhone En- 
derf nrd, knycht, and Thomas Menzeis of Fetf othellis, oure shi- 
refi&s in that pairt, conionctlie and seueralie, specialie constitute 
greting : Forsamekill as it is hnmelie meynit and schewin to 
ws be ane reuerend fader in God, and onr traist consalour, Gki- 
wyne bischop of Aberdene, that quhare syndrie strangearis and 
otheris within his diocesy of Aberdene, has bnkis of that heretik 
Luthyr, and favoris his arrorys and fals opinionys incontar onre 
act of Parliament laitlie maid in our last Parliament : oure will 
is heirf or, and we charge yon straitlie, and commandis that in- 
continent thir our lettres seyne, ye publise the said act at all 
places neydf ull, and tak inquisitione gif ony persons be fundin 
within the sayde diocesy of Aberdene that hes sic bukys, or 
f auoris sic arorys of the said Luthyr ; and that ye confisk thair 
gudis and inbryng the samyn to our wse and profitt, efter the 
forme of the said act, as ye will ansuer tharapoun : the quhilk 
to do, we commyt to yow, coniunctlie and seuerallie, onre full 
power be thir our letters, delieuring thame be yow deulie ezecut 
and indorsit agane to the berar. Gwin vnder our signet, at 
Edinburgh the sevint day of August, and of our regnne the 
xii yeyr. 

Ez deliberatione dominoram consilii. J. Chepman. 

In the parlyament haldyne at Edinburgh the xvii day of 
Jul^', the yer of Grod ane thousand, v^ and xzv yeris, the quhilk 
day it was statut and ordanit that f orsamekle as the dampnable 
opinzeons of herecy are spred in diuerse contreis be the heretik 
Luther, and his disciples; and thisrealme and legis hes f ermly per- 
sistit in the halie faith sen the samyn was first ressauit be thame, 

* The first indication at Aberdeen of the new opinions manifested itself 
in Mr. John Marshall, Master of the Grammar School, abont the year 1621. 
He was summoned to appear before the Provost to answer for his con- 
tempt of the Church, for being deficient in due subordination to it, and 
for the doctrines which he promulgated. Marshall, with the boldness of 
Knox and his colleagues, scrupled not to teU the Provost, that he held the 
school of the Magistrates, was ready to contribute his services to the 
citizens, and zealous to promote the education of their children ; but that 
he did not consider himself amenable to the Court of Rome, whose author- 
ity he contemned. For these spiritual errors and other transgressions 
against the Church, he found it necessary, however, two years afberwuxls, 
to express to the Magistrates his contrition, which probably saved him 
firom the dreadftU punishment which generally awaited ite enemies.-* 



79 

ftnd nerir, as yit, admittit onj opinzonnes oontrar t^e Okristan 
faith, bot evyr has beyne cleyne of all sic filth and vice, therf or, 
that na maimer of persone strengear, nor other that hapnys to 
arrif e with thair schippys within ony port of this realme, bring 
with thame ony bnkys or verkys of the saide Lntheris, his dis- 
ciplis or semandis, despnt or rehers his hereseys or opmizeonnes, 
bot gyfe it be to the confnsione thairof, vndyr the paine of es- 
chetmg of thair sohippis and gudis, and putting of thair per- 
Bonnys in presone. And that this act be pnbUst and proclamit 
oat throw this realme, at all portis and bnrrowis of the samyn, 
sa that thai may allege na ignorance thairof . Extractmn de 
libro actormn parliamenti per me Gawinnm Episoopnm Abir- 
donensem clericnm rotnlomm registri acoonsilii supremi domini 
noBtri sub meis signo et subscrlptione manualibus. 

13^^ January, 1527. 

The said day, the haill townn beand gaderit and conuenit 
within the tolbuith for the maist pairt, the prouest exponit and 
schew to thame quhow that the kingis grace with his lordis of 
counsaill ar to cum incontinent to this goid townn, to the haldin 
of ane justice ayre. Quhairf or he ohargit all and sundry the 
nychtbours of the said guid townn, thatt nayne of tham satt 
thair luggenis and husis to na maner of man quhill the kingis 
suriouris oum, that the townn may knaw quhat lordis ant men 
of guid oumis with him, and thairef tor the luggenis and innis 
ma be sett to tham, be the awiss of the prowest and consall, to 
ilk man efter his awin estat. And alsuay ohargit the stabillaris 
that thai g^tht thair stabillis in the honestest f asaun thai can ; 
and that thai haue come and fodder to sell to fumiss the said 
stabillis sa mony horss as thai will ressaue. And in lik- 
wiss he chargit the baxteris, flescharis, and brostaris to fnmeiss 
and decoir the said tovnn, ilk ane for thair awin craft, as wald 
ansuer to the guid tounn thairin ; and gif thai war negligent in 
ony thing, thai suld nooht say it was his fait, because he wamit 
thame in dew tyme, one the whilk he desirit instrumentis wit- 
ness, Andro Oullane, Thomas Menzeis, lohne Gollisone elder, 
Maister Andro Tulidef, and Alexander Butiierfmrdi with 
wtheris, dnerss and sundry, acta in pretorio. 

Ut April, 1527. 

The said day. the haill tovne, all in ane yooe, thankit gretly 
thar lord and oischop of Aberdenfor the great plesour and pro* 
ffeit done to thame in biging of the brig of Dee, and of the 

gret oSlMris proxnittit to thiuu be bis lordaohip, for the vt^ihaldLql 



the nmyn, fund resnniit glAidly the saidis offerat, and promesk to* 
ane ryoht worscliipfiil clerk, Maister Alexander Hay, parsone of 
Tnrref, and commissar generall to the said lord, to awise with 
the said offeris to their lawday efter Pesche, and then to give a 
finell ansnir to the said lord. 

Zd June, 1527. 

This is the ansner of the tovnn of Abirden gevin to my lord of 
Abirdene anent the brig of Dee. 
My lord, we your semandis, proaest, bailzeis, consull, and 
commute of Abirdene, hes ressanit yonr l[ordsohippi83 gnid 
mynd, exponit to vs be yom: commissar, Maister Alexander 
Hay, persoun of Tnrref, touching of your l[ordschippis] brig of 
Dee, f undit, biget, and endit one your grit, hie, and exhorbitand 
expensis, for the perpetuall commond weiU of the cuntraand of 
ws ; of the quhilkis gnid deid and mynd Gk>d etemall revard 
yow, for we ma nocht ; and quhar your lordschip desiris ws and 
our successouris to be bundin to the ouphaldin of the said brig, 
it beand completit one your expensis, in the maist souer wise 
cane be devisit be wisemen and men of craft in all thingis neces- 
saris ; and at your lordschip will inf ef t ws and our sucessouris 
in your landis of Ardlar, to be haldin of yow and your, succes- 
souris in few, we ar hartlie contentit of the same, makand ws 
souer thairof be the pape, the prince, your chartour, and all 
wther handis necessar, for we desyir na inconuenient, bottobe 
maid souer ; quhilk we vnderstand is your l[ordBchipis] guid 
mynd. Nochtwithstandmg, gif your l[ordsclup] may eialie in- 
f eft ws in ony of your landis liand mair evnse to ws, or inter- 
change the saidis landis wtheris haiffand landis liand mair ewnse 
to ws, lik as Eudrestoun, or ony vther sik lik, it var prof etable 
for the conseruacioun of your said l[ordschipis] yark, and pie- 
sand, and ewnse ; quhilk we refer haill to your l[ordschipis] pie- 
sour, besaikand yow to labour the same gif ye ma guidlie. And 
atour, we considerand the mony guid tumis done be your l[ord- 
schip] within your diocy to your cathedral and vther places, and 
wnderstanden at your l[ordschip] hes na kyrk within your diocy 
appropriat to your mitar except our mother kyrk, we vald exort 
your l[ordschip] to help to sum notable tume to be done thairto; 
to the quhilk we sail put our handis in the largeist forme be the 
sycht of your l[ordschip], that sum remembrance ma remain 
thairin of yow, fik as is mony of your reuerend predecessouris, 
Bischop Thomas Spens, and Bischop Wm. Elphinstoun. In 
this cause, and all wtheris, ref errand us to your l[ordschipis] 
plesour, to the quhilkis we ar gritlie indettit, as knowis the grit 
CK4 •etenialli quhome mot conserue your l[ord8chip3 in aawiU 



81 

luidlxidy ftt foat noble dei^. 
your [lordBohipiB] seroaiidis, 

FnmeBt, bailzeis, conaail, and oomimite of your 
bnxght of Abirdene. 

2hi Deombefy 1627. 

The said day, it was devisit and thocht expedient be the pro- 
vost, baillies, and counsall of this goid town, that thar be takin * 
ii toynis of the best of the new wynnis, and pat in ane seller be 
thame self, to propin the kingis grace at his fyrst cnnuning to 
this bnrcht, and the laif of the lordis of his consaiU, as for wax 
and wyn geir according thairto, tha continow qnhill thai be 
f orthyr avisit qnhat sail be done in all uc thingis tniching the 
saidis prqpinis. 

27tk Julif, 1529. 

It is statnt alikwyse, that na maner of nychtboor, within 
this towne duelland, berbery nor luge ony maner of strangear, 
of qnhat degre or f acnlte thai be, except thai com to the prouest 
or bailze and ask and vptene leif to luge the samyn. 

And in likwise if thai sail happin, ony maner of person, to be 
seik in this gade towne, that thai send incontinent and anertise 
the provest and balzeis thairof , and that na maner of persone 
enter in this tonne bot at the saidportis, qnhilMs salbe stekit at 
nyne honris at ewin, and opynnit at four honris in the momyng 
during the symmer sesson ; and quha sa hapynnis to be fundin 
in the calsay after ix houris, that ar nocht at the yatchis of 
honest conuersatioun, that they be takin and put in prisone 
quhill on the mome thay be deHurit to the prouest and counsall. 

And that all thir statutis aboue writtin be inviolably kepit, 
vnder the paajie of banesing of the tovne, and ane byme jme to 
be put ypone thair chekis that brekis ony of the saidis sta- 
tutis, na request to be heard in the contrar. 

27th July, 1530. 

The said day, the towne haile beand wamit be the officiaris 
of the samyn to compeir within thair tolbuyth, for gude reule 
to be made to euade this contagious pestilence rengand in the 
centre, and they, conuenit for the maist part, statut and ordanit 
all in ane voce, as eftir followis : in the first, that ther be alan- 
erlie thre portis kepit opyn in this gude towne, that is to say, 
the northest port of the Castlehill, the port otthAO^^'siVs^&JtSai^^ 



Bi 

and the port of the KetherHrkgait, and that thair he pat to 
enery port twa honest, treu, hable men to watohe the samyn on 
daj licht, ilkane abilzeit with jak and knapscall dense, aix or 
halbart, the quhilk sail stope enerj stranger quhill they hane 
leif of the provest and baillies : and inlikwyse that thair salbe 
sex vther hable honest men to walk this gade towne ouerye 
nicht in all the partis of the samyn, that na strangearis nor gan- 
gerallis cum within the samyn and to qnietlye auert qnhair they 
heir noyis of strangearis or seiknes, and to auert the prouest and 
bailzes thairof ; and that euryie nychtbour within this tovne 
duelland byg his awin bak dyk and cloise himself, and gif he 
f aylzeis thairin, the baillies to cause it to be done on his large 
ezpensis, and all other waistis and opynnis to be olosit on the 
townis expensis, and orflanis the master of wark to do the samyn 
in continent, and the expensis to be allowit in his comptis. 

leth AprU, 1531. 

The said day, Sandris Knollis exponit to the baillies and 
comonite, present for the tyme, how that he was chosin by the 
prouest, counsall, and pairt of the commonitie, as thai allegit, to 
be ane of the lords of Bonacord for this instant zear, to the 
quhilk office he was not able, as he allegit, for diuerse caussis ; 
and, because he was not present at the said election ; ane other, 
because there were mony others mair abil for sic office in the 
toune, and had greater proffite therof ; thridly, because he had 
the Hngs lettres dischargand him of all sic thingis ; nocht the 
less, he was yet redy to except the said office, gif the toun wald 
gif him the auld fee quhilk thai had wont to pay for the samyn, 
and other wiss nocht, protestand quhat beis done be the tonne 
heirintill turn him to na progiteis. 

18^^ Januari/f 1532. 

Item, the hale tovnn being conuenit as said is, all in ane 
voce, dischargit all thair singaris in thair queir, that hes f eis of 
thame and thair commond guid, fray the purificacioun of our 
lady, callit Gandilmess, nixt cumis, and of all proffetis tha hane 
of thame, for thair dementis big^e done to G<)d and tham, dur- 
ing the toynis will, except Sir Andro Coupar, that is an agit 
man, and hes bene aid seruand to the toTnn, on the quhiUds the 
provest tuik instrument. 

20th February, 1532. 

The said day, the haill counsale) with ane pairt of the com* 
munite^ present for the tyme, thocht expedient aiid ordinit^ ooq« 



8d 

dlderiiit the grit apperand wer and trable apperand to be be onr 
anld ennemeis of Ingland, and for sanetie and defense of tbe gold 
tovne^ that thair be ane blokhouise bigit on the sand ness of 
stane and lyme, contening xxxyi fait of lynth, zviij fuit of 
breidi and "vj fuit thick in the wall ; of heicht, as beis thocht 
e^)edient be the masteris of vark, with gnnhollis and duiris of 
aistlar ; and ordinit Thomas Menzeis and Alexr. Gray to agre 
with masonis, with the anise of the consale, for the biging of the 
same in all goidlie haist ; and ordinit Danid Andersoun, Master 
Andro Tulidef , Alexr. Bntherfnrd, and Dnncane Mar^ coadin- 
tonris and masteris of wark to the biging of the same. 

7th April, 1532. 

The said day, the haill coonsale, present for the tyme, oom- 
mandit and ordinit Gilbert Menzeis, thair pronest, considering 
the grit veir and truble now apperand, for defence of this guid 
toynn, to writ away incontinent to Leith or Edinburgh, and by 
the toynn tna barrell of guid powldar, quhat euer it cost, la- 
boring all wais the best chaip se mycht get it, and gif his obli- 
gatioun theairone for payment of the same, and quhat euer he 
promittit tharf or, tha suld releif him at his dai of paiment i and 
ordinit him send ane boy away therf or' with his writingis on 
thair ezpensis i and ordinit ane act to be maid heirupon in our 
court bulk. 

30^^ September, 1532. 

The said day, our souerane lordis letteris direct to the pro- 
vost and bailzeis for vappinschawingis, war red opinlie in iug- 
ment, in presens of the haill tovnn, and the provest chargit sJl 
personis within this f redom and tovn to conuein on the Yoman- 
hill the xy day of October instant nixt cumis, f umist with vap- 
piniss and hamese, conf orme to the said letteris, ynder the 
panis contenit in the samyn. 

21st October, 1532. 

The said day, the consaile statutis andordanis that, fra thin- 
furtht, na maner of persoim cast f aill or deyat in the toyins 
Linkis and Insche, nor beir ony sand fra their Castelhill nor 
Yomanhill, under the pane of banesing of tham of the toynn 
that beis conuik heirof ; and causit opin proclamatioun to be 
maid heirupoun at the merkat corce, that na man suld allege ig- 
norance on the samyn. 

10^^ t/ontfory, 1535. 
The said day, the counsale, present forth.^t'^'&^^^^'tDkX&sbs^s^^ 



a4 

and ordixdtthair piNoeet, Andio ChillaDe^ 

knok in Flanderis, and oaioie mend the same^ and gif ii oaa 

nooht be xnendit, to hj tbame ane new knok on the tovsia ez* 

pensis. 

20th AjprO, 1686. 

The said day, it is thocht expedient and ordanit be the can* 
sale, that aH the yoving able men within this goid [tovin], haoe 
thair grene cottis; and agit men, honest cottis, efferand to 
thame ; and obey and decor the Lordis of Bonaooord, conf onn 
to the anld lovable yse of this guid tovli, under the painis of 
braking of commands and statutis of the guid tovini that beis 
oonviokit tharof ^ and to be pimest conform tharto. 

12^A January f 1636. 

The said day, the pronest and eonsflale present for the tyme 
ordinit Andro Cnllane to writ for the man that makis the toTms 
knok, and cause him cum hame with the samyn, and set hir oiq) 
on the tovnis ezpensis ; and quhat ezpenais he makis thoixon he 
salbe thankf uUie pait of same agane. 

2Bd July, 1637. 

Item, the prowest and conseill findis and delieuris, that An« 
draw Cullane aucht to be thankfnlly^payit of the ezpensis mayd 
be hyme on the hame bringing and bying of the knok out of 
Flanderis, at thahr commandis. And gyf the said Androw can 
find or get ane competent pryce for the said knok, thai ordane 
hym to sell the same, be the awyse of the jirowest and oonseilli 
to the Ttilitie and profeyit of this gud toun. 

IZih Octoher, 1637. 

The sayd day, the consell dewysit and ordanit that thair 
suld be fyw merkis gewin to frier Alexander Lyndsay for the 
completing of thair Imok, quhilk thai ordane to be tak^ oup of 
the rediest of thair mailis of Done. 

lUh February i 1638. 

The said day, Thom Baoidsone wes oonwiokit and pot in 
amerciament of court, for the hawely and malioious strablTUg 
and myspersonyng of Jonat Barbour, his moder of law, to f or- 
beir in tym cumyng, and amend as law will. And the prowest 
and baizes ordemis hym to cum on Sunday nixt crunis, in tym 
cS hj&m&s^ with ane Yax oandiU ol ane lib., andtbaJTi bair heid| 



45^ dome (m Ui kneis and beseft tltd pNm&Bt and g^d men 
of the tonne to reqneist Ha gnd moder forsaid to forgyf Hyxn, 
■fid to reuok the saidis vordis he said on her, and that thai var 
Tenay false, and said hot in his ire and crabitness ; and, gif ener 
he did the lyk in tpne cnminpr) to pay fywe merkis to Sanct 
Nicelaiur Turk «q f orgyffin, togidder with the ezpenssis of oonrt : 
and that wes gewin for dome be the month of Johne Scheras^ 
dempster of oo^ for the tym. And the said Jonat Barbour 
Tea nudd qnyt of all stmbleDBS of the said Daaidsone ; and that 
MB iiewin lor domie siolyki be Mdd Dempster. 

25AJV5iW0fy, 1588. 

The said day, the baizes and consall present for the tyme 
oommandit and chargit all thair nichtbonris within this towne, 
tlkat thad aor Bfoie ai their senwndis oast thair assis nor fnlze on 
the gait witibia Hbe poitis of this town^ in tyme cnming, wnder 
the pane of viij s. for thair imkm ; and als chargit' tham to tak 
saway thair myddingis qnhilkis hes mnk on tiie gait betniz this 
>and I^day nizt omnis, and failzeing thairof , that ony persone 
that pl^ssiB to tak away the same hot ony perrell. And gif 
ooy be fnadin oaetand or layng thair asse on the gait in tpn 
cnming, that it selbe lesnm to ony man fyndand thar doyng 
the same to tak away thair pannis or Imniss and present the 
same to the baizes for thair wnlaw. 

26th May, 1588. 

The said day, the pronest, bailzies, and oonnsell, present for 
the tyme, ordanit and chargit -Bobext Arthur, and John Arthur 
yonngar, sonis to John Arthur, to cnm the mome within the 
qneyre of Sanct Nicholace keyi^e, in tyme of the hemes, bar-i 
heyd, ilk ane of thame with ane candill of Fax of ane pound in 
thair hand, and syt downe on their kneis and beseyk the 
prouest, in the toonis name, to forgyf thame f<»: the strublens 
dim thairto be thame, in tyme of thair solace and play ; and 
in lykwyss to beseyk the said pronest and gnid men oil the 
^oune to mak request to the lordis of Bonacoird to forgyf thame 
the fait and strublens done to them ; and'gif thai, or <my of 
thame, commits ony sio like fait, to pay y merkis to Sanot 
Nicholace wark, the committar tharof on f orgewin. 

19^A May, 1589. 

The said day, SSIlene Bannaldsone wes oonviot of hir awin 
•tonng grant miaA in jngment, for the-oppynyngof nychtbouria 
4iinte with ^wxBiig'kegfi0» and stelsng qa ^ ^m t^:QSS.^*?rc&sst^<- 



86 

lence of nyclit ; and als Elspet Meldmm, liir modir, wes convict 
for the brakinj^ of otit souerane lordis vard, vnder silens of 
nycht, siclyk ; quhairfor ilkane of thaim vas pnt in amercia- 
inent of court, to forbeir in tyme enming, and amend as law 
will ; and the consall and baizes present for the tyme ordanit 
thame to be banist of this gad towne thairfor for ener ; and gif 
euer ony of thame var f nndin within this tonne, ane halt ime to 
be laid on thair cheyk. And that wes gyffin for dome, be the 
moucht of John Scherar, dempstar of the conrt for tyme. And 
als the baizes passit to the mercat croce, with thair clark and 
officiar, and thair, be oppin proclamatioxm, banyst the saidis 
personis, as said is, for thair demeritis. 

2nd June, 1589. 

The sayd day, the prowest and baizes consentis and ordanis, 
wytht the awse of the jhayll towne, that thair be ane cassay 
makar feyit and condncit for daly wagis, to mak, ref orme, and 
mend all the streyttis and calsayis of the said bnrght, and to 
gett ane dayse mett of enerik nychtbonr thair tyme abont, sa 
lang as he beis making the said calsayis, with ane penne of 
enerilk housse haldar within this bnrght, to be gewin corres- 
ponding ilk day to his wagis. 

ISth June, 1539. 

The said day, the provest, baizes, and haill consall present 
for the tyme, weill gadderit within thair consal hons of thair 
tolbuith of Abirdene, all in ane voce feitt and condncit John 
Collisone zonger, son to vmqnhill James Collisone, thair weill 
belnffit nychtbonr, qnhom God assolze, and ordanis thair dene 
of gild to ansnr him of ten merkis yeirly vsnall money of Scot- 
land, at twa vsnall termes in the yeir, Mertimes and Vytson- 
day, be ewynly portionis, and that for his gnid, leil, and trew 
semice, and continnall residence to be maid within thair pa- 
roche kirk in mess, mattynnis, and ewingsang, and all vther 
devyne semice, f estnall day and f eriall day, qnhill God and 
thay provyd him to a largear fee, efter his gnd bering and 
conditionifl. qnhilk they belef selbe better wortht in tyme 
onmying. 

\M Septemher, 1539. 

The said day, the prowest, baizes, and maist parte of the 
consall, beyng presently convenit, to the effect wnder wrytin, 
within the consal hons of the tolbnith of Abirdene, hawand re- 
spect to the trubloos passagis now beyng presently wiUun this 



Mftlm6| tltfow oooaiioun of the oontagfitii Inf eokand peiti onllit 
the boiolie, qtiliilk ryngis in dinerse partis of the same now in- 
staatly : Thai, efter detfull consnltatioim and consideratioun, 
beyng riply and at gryt lynth awysit, all in ane voice statnt and 
9rdanit, tlmt the bakes pas enery ane of thame throw thair awin 
quarter, within the bonndis of the haill tonne, and cerse, vesy, 
and se all manor of codderaris, yagabonndis,and pnyr boddeis, 
qnhilkis ar nocht natiue of this toime borne, that hes nocht to 
leif gndly on their awin, and command and charge thame and 
ilkane of thaim that thai incontinent remoif tham selfis, thair 
godis, gif thai onj heff, furth of this toon, within zlyiij honris 
efter thai be chargit be thame tharito, vnder the payne of layng 
of ane halt ime on thair cheik ; and gif thai f ailze and disobeyis 
the same, thai ordane that the bailzes lay the said jme on thair 
cheik. And inlykwyse thai ordane that the belmanpas throcht 
all the stretis and yyndis of this tonn, commanding and charg- 
ing, in the kingis name, and townis, provest, and l^lzes of the 
same, that no induellar within the tonn, of qnhat degre that 
ener thai be of, tak on hand to hous nor harbre na maner of 
strangear, vagabonnd, nor codderar, without licence and leif 
askit and obteinit be thame of the provest and bailzes. And 
gif ony ane of thame failzeis heirintill, that it ma be verefit 
on thaim, the doaris thairof to be banyst of the tonnn for yeir 
and day ; and this statnt abone vrytin to be inniolably obsemit 
and kepit within this bnrgh, and oppynly proplamit at the 
mercat croce. 

I3th Octoher, 1589. 

The said day, it was statnt and ordainit be the provest, baizes, 
and haill consall, all in ane voce, that because of the giyt mul- 
titude of strangearis that ar of new cumin to this burgh till re- 
mane in the same, qnhilkis hes nocht of thair awin to leif apoxm, 
quharf ore thai ordane that the balzeis pas throct thair quarteris, 
and tak inquisitioun and knawlege of euery persone duelland 
within this tonn, quha is lauchtf nil nychtbour, and qnhat thai 
hef to leif upoun, and quhow and quharbe thai leif, and gif thai 
be sufficient to remane within burght ; and thai that ar on suf- 
ficient nychtbouris, and fundin nocht lauchtf ull be ane vnsns- 
pect and condigne assise, that thai be remowit and expellit of 
the towne within xlviij houris nixt efter thai be chaigit thairto ; 
and quha that beis fundin within this tonn thairefter, thai or- 
dane ane hait jme to be laid on their cheik for thair inobediens, 
and than to be put out of the toun. And thai ordane that na 
cautioun selbe tane of sic on abill personis in tyme cumyng, 
noder be provest nor baize, for na request or snpplioationn 
that may be maid thalrfoti &o. 



8a 

80^ Jn^^uri, 1548. 

The sftjd day, tlie hail towne being warnit be tbair officiaria 
and the band bell, and convenit, for the maist parfct, within the 
tolbnitht, representand the haill body of the tonne, it wes ex- 
ponit to thaim be Thomas Menzes of Pitf odellis, comptroller l» 
the qnenis grace, thair prowest, how he is send heir be oar 
maister the govemonr, to inqnyr the nychtbonris of this 
bnrght, gif thai vald fortify and menteyne his anthorite againa 
certane conspiratonris, and to wyt thair myndis in that behalf, 
sna that he may defend thame and thair llberteis and fredomis 
in tyme cnming ; and thai being openlie reqnirifheirto, g^rantii, 
all in ane voce, ftane allegiand nor sayand in the contrar, to 
serf him at thair wtter power at all iym, and to defend and 
mentaine his anthorite sa far as is in thame ; on the qnlulk the 
said comptroller tnk act and instroment. 

• 
19th October^ 1548. 

The sayd day, the connsell ordanis to byg and mend all t^o 
porttis of this towne, and ane new port of stane to be maid i^ 
the Nedderkirkgett, qnhar the aid port wes, and to be lookit 
nichtlie fra x honris ^irtht, and to be wachit and keypit be the 
fonr qnarteris of this bnrght, and baize therof, ilkane thair 
tyme about ; and that enerie nyohtbonr keyp his awin bak 
yett, and ansHer thairfor, that nane gett entres thairat, wnder 
thepayne of tynsell of their fredome. And ordanit Alezr. Bnthir- 
fnrd, den of gild, to be maister of vark thairto, and to begin 
and end the samin with diligens and all competent haist, for 
certane canssis mowing thame, of the qnhiUc thai ar laitlie 
aduertisit. 

Zlst Apnl, 1544. 

The sayd day, the haill tonne being wamyt be the hand bell 
passand throw all the rewis oi the tonne, and convenit, for the 
maist pairt, within the tolbnyth, consentit, all in ane voce, to 
the ordinans of connsell anens the mnnitionis to be maid for 
def ens of this gnid tonne fra the Inglismen, and to the getting 
of the money for fnmessing and compleyting thairof in all 
thingis, as is content in the act abowne wiytin, qnhilk act and 
ordinaas thai ratifiit, apprewytt, and affermytt in jngment. 

21^ October, 1544. 

The said day, the balzeis commandit and ordinit all four the 
offieiaris, in iugment to pas throcht aU therewis and streitia of 



» 

ihd tonm, alf offe «r neid Ms, ftnd rosy and Mik all oaik bn- 
tetris that bakis ony cakis to sell, and tak all thair fifirdilis thai 
apprehend haikand siclik oakis, and present the said ^dilis to 
thame, and yerefy that thai tnik the same frai caik baxteris, 
hl^kand caikis to sell, and thai sail hane the said escheit to 
il^pdm for thair travell ; and cansit the offioiaris sner the gryt 
aith to ezeroe the same lelilie and trewlie, without feid or 
laaonr, and to present the saidis girdilis as oft as idiai onld 
■pprabsnd thame. 

1%e said day, Maister Johnne Gordonn aHegit in jngement 
that he hed ane commissiotm of his maister, the lietennentis, 
to tak cognitionn vponn the hinging of the image of Sant 
Franceis, and qnhome he f and calpabile thairof , to pnt thame 
in the baizes handis in keiping, on to the tyme that justice wer 
don vponn thame therfbr as the law reqnirit ; and Ihat he, be 
▼erta thairof, hed takin cognitionn in the said mater ; and that 
it wes yerefyt and knawin to him that Thomas Branche and 
Thomas Gnssing wes tna of thame that wes hingaris of the said 
image, and therfor delinerit thame in jngement to the bailies 
f orsaid, and reqnirit thame, in the Inetennentis name, to keip 
theme in ferme secnrite and ward, qnhill justice mycht be done 
on thame therfor, be the said lentenent or his depntis, as thai 
wald ansner the lentennent thaimpon ; and thainafter the said 
baizes reqnirit all the f onr offioiaris in jngement to intromett 
with the said tna personis, and delinerit thame to the said offi- 
oiaris in jngement, and reqnirit thame to keip the said personis 
in ward in the tolbuyth, as thai wald ansner to thame and the 
tonne thaimpoxm ; and gif thai misterit ony mair help, thai 
said be snpportit as thai misterit and reqnirit ; on the qnhilkis 
thai tnik instrumentiB and aotis of oonrt. 

Itih June^ 1545. 

The said day, the haill tonnn beyng vamit be thair hand bell 
passand throw all the stretis of the gnid townn, on the qnlulk 
the berar thairof maid faith in iugement, and convenit within 
their tolbnith for the maist pairt, representand the haill body 
of the townn, tha being circnalie inqnirit be Alezr. Bndirfnrd, 
ane of the bailzies of the said bnrgh, oonsentit, all in ane voce, 
na manor of persone opponiand'nor sayand in the contrar, and 
for thame and thair snooessonris, statnt and ordinit that all 
manor of sohip and sqhipis that hapnis to onm to this gnid 
toynn to sell be strangeris^ beboohtbe the i^xrraot asidla«&Us!Mk^ 



or tKd maifet pairt of tliame for the tyxne, with lad pairt of the 
cotuiBale of the said burgh for the tyme ; and gif the pronest 
beis absent, be the bailzes and coxmsale present for the tyinei 
or maist pairt thairof , and be nane vthers ; and howeuer the 
said schip or schipis hapnnea to be bocht be thame for the 
time, euery bnrgez of gild of the said burgh to hane his pifrt 
thairof , efferand to his estait of the same price ; and qnhat 
brother of gild ref nsis to talc his part of the said scUp or 
schipis, sna bocht as said is, for the common veill, baith of 
guid and evill proffeit and disproffeit, effeirand to his estait, he 
being lawfnllie reqnirit thairto, sail tyne his fredome and all 
proffat he hes of the said burgh fiathinf urth, his refusale 
bejng provin and verefiit, and he conukit thairof . 

l^h Fehruary, 1546. 

The said day, the bailzeis assignit Mononday nixt ef tor the 
law day efter Fasche nizt cnmis, gif it be lanohtf nil, and f ailze- 
ing thairof the nixt lanchfuU day thaireftir, to the prioir and 
connent of the freris predicatonris of the said bnrgh, to ezhi- 
beit and produce af or thame peremptourlie in iugment thair 
rychtis, gif ony they haue, quhy tha aucht not to cum to t^e 
townis millis within the burgh with thair comis that grovis 
vpon thair croftis, lyand on the north est syid of the said 
burgh, and pay thair multuris thairf or, as wther nychtbouris 
dois, at the instance of John Brabaner, takisman o£ the said 
millis persevand the same, with intimationn and tha produce 
na thing therf or to evaid the same, the said day, thai will de- 
ceme thame simpliciter to f eche their said comis to the said 
millis, and grynd thame thairat, and pay multuris thairf or, as 
wther nychtbouris dois, conf orme to the statut of the guid tovn 
maid thairvpoun, in presens of the said priour and treir John 
Myln, desirand the same in the name of the said freris. 

ISth Ifay, 1546. 

The said day, the counsale present for the tyme, deuisit and 
ordanit the bailzeis, and certane of the counsale with thame, to 
INis this day at tua eftemoone to the kirk yard, and thair ex- 
cerse and vesy all the begaris within this burgh, and considder 
quhay is iiatiue within the toune, and quhay nooht, ami samony 
as tha find natiue, and admittis, to gif thame the tounis takyn, 
as tha sail think expedient ; and ordinit all vther begaris to be 
chargit to dewoid the towne within twenty four hours nixt 
efter thair charge, vnder the pane of laying ane hait ime on 
their oheiki and quhay that dissobeisi thq said zziiy honria 



91 

being pasfiit, tlie said pane to be execnt cm tbame; and als 
ordinit dekyimis to be chosin for giding and rewling of the 
said begaris eftemart, as salbe denisit be the comisale, and als 
ordinit that all personis within this townn, havand ony landis 
and honssis to sett, that tha sett nane in tymmes onming to na 
manor of personis, but to them that tha answer for as suffi- 
cient nychtbonris ; and gif ony of the said tenentis committis 
ony crymes of resetting of geir, or vnlanchfnll personis, the 
ownaris of the said landis to ansner tharfor, sa far as tha ar 
insufficient tenantis ; and ordinis oppin proclamatioun to be 
maid heirwpoun at the mercat corce in generale, and als the 
hand bell to pai throw the townn thairwpoon. 

&h Augiuif 1546. 

The said day, it is statut and ordinit be the bailzeis, ooun* 
sale, and comunite of this gnid townn, tha being yamit, &c., 
for the commend veill of the same, and evading sa far as tha 
ma fray the contagius pest now latly rising of new in certane 
partis of this realme, that all maner of mendicantis and beggaris 
within this towne dewoyd the same, except sa mony as is 
lioent to remane be the bailzeis and counsale, and hes the 
townis taking, within xziiij houris nizt ef ter the tuelt hour of 
this day, vnder the pane of burning of thame with ane hett 
jme one th'e cheik that beis fundin within this townn efter the 
said xziiij houris ; and thairef tir tha beand brint that remanis 
and contempnis the said charge to dewyid the said tounn with- 
in Yther xxiiij houris, vnder the pane of deid, viz. hanging or 
drowning. And als that na maner of nychtbouris within this 
burgh ressaue nor harbour na maner of mendicantis nor 
begaris, strangeris, without speciale licence of the bailzeis or 
ane of thame thairto, vnder the said paine ; and gif ony siclik 
cumis to this townn, that tha remane nocht aboun xxiiij houris 
within the same, vnder the said pane. And als that the bail- 
zies, pas with certane honest nychtbouris with thame, this 
instant day efter nowne, throcht all the partis and rewis of 
this guid toun, and vesy the same, and remove and expell all 
mendicantis and begaris of the same that ar nocht licent to re- 
mane, and charge thame to remove vnder the panes forsaid. 
And als that na maner of personis of botis nor crayaris that 
hapnis to cum out of the south partis be ressauit, nor licent, 
nor tholit to cum out of thair crayaris nor botis, nor ressauit in 
ony lugings nor honssis within this guid town, noryit na metis 
nor drinkis nor wther necessaris ministrat to tluune, nor yit 
that na personis mell with tham in na sort) without VQfQcaab&s^ 



Heenoe o! tlie baikelfi or Mie of tbaast at the laet, had tbairtoi 
vnder tlie said panis. And als that thair be aae honest ser- 
nand man at enery port of this gvad towne ilk day, to keip the 
same frathinf urth qnhill the town be f order anisit, as tha sail 
ressane directionn of the bailzeis thairto, and enery nychtbonr 
of the g^d tonn to f nmeis the same thair tyme abont, as it f allis, 
and tlut yamit thairto, and also ordinit oppin proclamatioiiii to 
be maid heirof at the mercat ooroe. 

im ApHlt 1547. 

The said day, it is deoisit and ordinit be the baibwia and 
counsalei for keiping of the glassin yindokis of thair kirk, and 
the sklatis of thair luge; thjit qnhaftsnmener personis, yovng 
men, semandis, bamis, or craftismen, brakis ony of the said 
vyndokis of the kixk or qneir, or solatis, that thair f aderis or 
maisteris sail ansuer therfor, and ref orme and mend the same 
agane on thair avin ezpensis ; on the quhilk Danid Andersonni 
maister of the kirk wark, tnik act of court. 

m April, 1648. 

The said day, the haiU tovnn beyng oonvenit in their heid 
conrt, all in ane voce grantit and ^df the keiping xA thair 
blokhonise to Gilbert Menzeis, sone and apperand air to Thomas 
Henzeis of Petf oddellis, qnhi^ aocepit the same on himi and 
oblegit him to keip the same lelilie and trenlie, the toynn 
gevand him seniandis and expensis to tfaame to vait thaimponn, 
and for himself he desirit nor vald hane na thing, bot as the 
tomn eftemart plesit revard him, and nemmit Andro Bnk, 
Thomas Cristale, Alezr. Batray, GKbbe Menzeis, and Asdro 
Dnrty, qnhilk the tovnn admittit ; cmd the coonsale ordinit enery 
ane of the said five personis to hane iuj lib. in the moneth, 
dnring the tovnis vill, and thai to wait and keip the said blok- 
honise bayth day and nycht, as the said Gilbert commandis 
thame ; and ordinit Walter Gnllane and Andro Losonn, res- 
saneris of the tovnis doubill gressnmmis, to deliner the said 
Gilbert tnenty lib. monethly, to be distribnit to the said per- 
sonis, during the tovnis vill, for thair vagis, and to be^^e 
paiment thairof incontinent. 

im April, 1648. 

Item, the oonnsale ordinis Thomas Crhrtale'to hane Sij fib. in 
the znonetdi, with Ida bonis maill ifse^ «nd Jtls Audio Buk !to 



9# 

Inneim iat the iiums^ with Us honifle xnaill fre, during the 
space of thre moncih to cmny for thair gnid aaid trew seroice to 
be done be thame as gnimaris, for defence of the gnid tovnn, 
and wther besines concerning the Bamci during the said thre 
monethi and condndi thamCi to the efEieot lorsaid, far the said 
▼agia, during the said thre moneth. 

22d AuffUit, 1648. 

The said day, the haill tovnn beyng yamit, &c., it was de- 
niait and ordinit be thame^ all in ane voce, that beoaus the haill 
townn ccnsentit to ane taxationn, for licence to the townn to 
remane at hayme from the army and oist, ordinit to hane con- 
nenit on Glandsmwir, besid Haddintonn, the zx day of Ang^t 
inatanti qnhilk compositioim was maid for xrii" lib. Scottis 
mime, and the same taxit and stentit on the inhabitantis of the 
said tovnn and fredome thairof , of thaii avin consent, that tha 
will nocht pay thair pairt of the said taxatioun, as tha ar stentit 
with diligence, that the bailzeis pnnd and distrenze the redi- 
est of their gnidis and geir, qohair euer tha may apprehend 
the same, and apprise and sell the same, four pennyis worth 
for ane d., and mak paiment of the said tazt j and at the said 
bailzeis sail nocht be indettit to ansuer none of the said per- 
Bonis for the gadis and geir ptmdit, and apprisit, and sellit be 
thame for the cansis f orsaid, in maner abotm writin, in na 
tymes onming. 

I6th Ootoher, 1648. 

The said day, the coonsale, present for the tyme, ordinit ane 
ptmcionn of gold wyne to be frely proponit and gevin to Bobert 
Camegy and Maister Thomas MariorebankiB, one the toynis 
ezpensis, and that for their gold dedis and plesonris done to 
the g^d towne in their besines diuerse tymes bigane ; and als 
ordinit that the pronest and bailzeis, with certane wi^er men 
of gnid of the said tovnn, pas to tham and thank thame of 
their gnid dedis and plesonris forsaid, and offer thame sic hn- 
maniteis therf or as tha think expedient, and ordinit the said 
puntioon of wyne to be paid with the rediest of the tovnis 
mone that ma be gottin in. 

I7th Ootoher, 1649. 

Item, that na maner of personn within this tovnn, of qnhat 
degre that ener tha be^ pas to vessy, speik, or oommond with 
Qjkj inolnsit ptrsonisi or oi^ f ^kis in tho linkUi) oc Tsda&s^AS& 



thame ony wyn&ria or necessaxis, witHont tha hane licence of 
the prouesti or ane balzie tharto, and ane ofBlciar of the tovnn 
with thame, vnder the paine ol inclosing of thame with the 
same personis to qnhom tha pas. 

Item, that the personis that hapnis to be put to the linkis 
that ar semandis, that thair maisters sail snsteine them in the 
linkis, gif tha haue geir to sustein thame vpoim. 

16ih December, 1549. 

The said day, Alexr. Jafi&aj, John Fonllis, Gharle Danesonn, 
Dnncane Golle, George Andersonn, and Jonat Ancroft, baz- 
staris, tha and ilk ane of thame is connikit be the some assise 
abonn writin, for the brakin of commend ordinance and sta- 
tutis of this gnid tovne, in selling of breid of quhit of less prise 
thane the statntis maid thairwpoim, and of insnfELcient stnf , 
quherfor ilk ane of thame is in amerciament of the court, and 
that is given for dovme. And the bailzeis ordinit the officiaris 
to pas incontinent and pund every ane of thame therf or, and 
als thame all in iugment to keip the said statutis, and to baik 
and sell xiiij vnce of guid, clein, dry, and veill bakin fresche 
stuf for ij d., and to haue breid rady at all tyme to seme the 
tovne sa lang as tha haue stuf, vnder the pane of eschaeting of 
the haill braid fundin with thame for the tyme. 

lHh April, 1652. 

The said day, the counsell, all in ane voce, havand respect 
and consideratioune that the lordis of Bonnacord in tymes by- 
gane hase maid our mony gryt, sumpteous, and superfleous 
banketing induring the tyme of thair regnn, and specialie in 
May, quhilks wes thocht nother profitabill nor godlie, and did 
hurt to sundry young men that were elekit in the said office, 
becaus the last elec^t did aye pretent to surmont in their pre- 
decessouris in their ryteouss and sumpteous banketing and 
the causs principal and gud institutioun thairof, quhilk wes in 
balding of the gud toun in glaidnes and blythtnes, witht 
danssis, farsiis, playis, and gamis, in tymes convenient, ne* 
cleckit and abusit ; and thairf or ordinis that in tyme cummin 
all sic sumpteous banketing be laid doun aluterlie except thre 
sobir and honest, vizt., upoun the senze day, the first Sonday 
of May, and ane [ ] upoun Tuisday ef ter Pesche day, 

and na honest man to pass to ony of thair banketis except on 
the said thre dais allaxierlie ; and in ane place of the f orsaid 
auperfleouss banketing to be had djpA xxmX yeirly to genendl 



M 

plaifl, or and at the lest, with danssis and gammes osit and 
wont ; and qnha soner refnisis to accept the said office in tyme 
cuming, beand eleckit thairto be the toun, to tyne his fre- 
dome, priuelege, takis, and profit he hes or ma haf of the toon, 
and nener to be admittit frathinfnrtht to officOi honour, nor 
dingnete. 

2iih March, 1544. 

The said day, the f oar baillies and the maast pairt of the 
connsell being conwenit in the cheptonr of Sanot Nioolace kirk 
of Aberdene, the saidis baillies ezponit, in presens of the said 
connsell, qnhow thai were chargit laitly, vpone the zziij day of 
Merche instant, be Thomas Nicolsoune, schiref in that pairt, be 
vertew of onr sonerane ladyis letteris, gewin be delinerance of 
the lordis of connsell, directit thairwpone, to tak and appre- 
hend Johnne Ghalmer, bnrges of the said bnrgh, qnha presently, 
as is allegit, is in ane fury and raige of wodnes, and dailie mo- 
lestand and perturband this tonne and the inhabitantis thairof , 
and to fesin and kelp him in jmis, gyf neid war, the said 
Johne, qnhill he com to his awin wit, lyk as in the saidis let- 
teris at mair lynth is contenit, and desyrit the consnltationne 
and adwysment of the said connsell thairanent, with thair 
concurrence and assistance, gif thai think the same ressonable 
to be done ; quhilk consell, all in ane voce, except Gfilbert 
Gollisonne, eftir ripe advysement, declarit and thooht expedient 
that the saidis baillies snld tak and apprehend the said John 
Ghalmer, and pnt him in custodie in stark lokfast hows, with 
vyttaris and vaychearis to awyt and keip him fra doing of 
skayth and forther perturbationne, and thaireftir, gyf neid 
were, to fesin and keip him in irinis qnhile he retnme to his 
wit, and offerit to assist and concur with the saidis bailies to 
execute the same in caice ony wald resist the doing thairof, 
and that for eschewing appeirand skaith, danger, harme, 
and inconvenientis to be done to the said Johnne in tyme 
oumyng. 

lUh June, 1555. 

The said day, Jonatt Portar and Jonett Bailzert, hir semand) 
War convickit in judgement, be the dispositiones of diuerse 
f amose witnes, for the defaming and myspersoning of James 
Andersone and Slspett Baldy, Ms 8powse> with veray ewill and 
injurious langaige, vnyordy of heiring. Quhairfor thay> and 
ilkane of thame, war in amerciament o£ court, and the bieiilzies 
f orsaid ordanit the saidis Portar and Bailzeirti hir aeroanjiv t^ 



M 

kirk, ux tjme of the hie mew, with sue candill of Talx uk thalr 
hand, and sit doone on thair kneis in the queir, af air the gnid 
men of the tonne, and aake the aaid James and his spows f ar- 
gyfnes, and thair to revod^ the Yordis said be thame Tpoone 
him and his said spowse f als and vntrewe, and reqneist the 
goid men of the tonne to canse thame be f orgewin ; and gyf 
euer the said Jonett Bailzert beis f onndin in the making of sio 
offenois in tyme ouming, and beis oonvict thairf or, to be baoist 
of this gidd tonne. 

Uik A^guH, 1566. 

The said day, the haill connsell statnt and ordanit that the 
bazteris of this gnid tonne sail baik and sell twenty toa yhoo 
of quhyt breid, sufficient stuf, and weill bakin, for four peniieis, 
and tnenty auoht vnoe of 17 breid, sufficient stuf, and weill 
bakin, for f onr d. ; and that na breid be sanld be thame qnhill 
thai be considderit and yesitbe ane of the baillies; andqnliow- 
sone the breid beis takin ont of the owne, that ane of the bail- 
lies salbe aduertist and reqnirit to do the same j and that na 
bazter sail baik ony breid vpomie Settirday bcKfoir tua eftir 
none ; and quha beis f undin oumand in the contrar heirof , the 
haill bakin stuf beand f undin and gottin in his possessioune to 
be escheit and delt : and gyf ony baxter hawand stuf beis 
f undin wautandbaikin breid, and nocht vsand his craft to serf 
the toune and nightbouris therof in contemptioune of this ordi- 
nance, the sam beand knawin and vnderstand, the haill Yictuall 
and stuf beand fundin in his possessioune to be escheit and delt 
to the puir folkis. And this statut to induir and haf stryntht 
quhill the f est of Michaelmas nizt oumis, and further induiring 
the counsellis will. 

Uh October, 1555. 

The said day, the connsell hawand considerationne that Sii^ 
Bobert Bynne, cheplane and singar to thair queir, is vesiit be 
the hand of Grod with infirmitie in his ene, quhairthrow he is 
beoum blynd, and that he maid gude and continuell seruice 
in the times bigan, sa lang as he was habilL Thairf or, thai 
all in ane voce consentis and assentis that he haf his auld 
fee, that is to say, aucht markis wsuaill money of Scotland, 
togidder with his clerkship, quhilkis he had for his fee and 
seruice abef or, for all the dais of his lif , but ony impediment 
or gane calling. And f orther, that the nobill and honest men 
of the tonne support him of thair awia goidnesi at thair 



plesonr and discretionne, qnliill Qod xestoir him to hifl syoht 
and faabilite. 

Item, it is statnt and ordanit, with consent of the haill craft 
of cordonaris, that na schone be sanld darrer bot the best 
dowbUl scholit schone for men zxxii penneis, mennis singill 
solit schone tua s. ; wemmenis dowbill solit schone ii s., 
thair singill solit schone xviij d. and xvj d. ; bamis schone for 
zii d., X d., and viij d., efferand to thair qnantitie and aige, 
wnder paine of escheiting of all schone beand in the posses- 
sionne of the braker of this present statut. 

Item, that enerie craft within this g^d tonne haf ane visitonr 
amang thame selfis, chosin euerie yeir anis, quha sail accept 
the same, and be snome therto befor the pronest and baillies 
in judgement, to se that all statntis and ordinans maid one the 
craftismen of this gnid tonne be obseruit and keipit ; and that, 
in tyme cnming, thair be na craf tismen maid f re man to vse 
his craft, except he haf seniit as prentise imder ane maister 
thre yeiris, and be found sufficient and qualif eit in his craft to 
be ane maister. 

Item, it is statut and ordanit, with consent of the haHl baz- 
teris, beand convenit, that nane of thame pass in the contraj 
to by quhit, of darrer prices bot as tha ma keip and obserf the 
statut and ordinance gewin thame be the counsaJe for this 
present yeir ; and alse that nane of the saidis baxteris by quhit 
attour his nychtbouris heyd : that is to say, quhair his nycht- 
bour hes bene to mak ony bying or bergane of quhyt, and bidden 
ony money thairf or, that his nychtbour bid na mair nor is 
offerit, nor mak him to by thair, wnder the pane of fourty s. for 
the first fait, and tynseU of fredome for yeir and day for the 
eecund fait, gif he beis convickit for the same. 

Item, that na tailzeour sell ony clayth bot allanerly maid 
breikis and boxis of tartane or grose claith and lynningis for 
cleything ; and gif ony tailzeour dois in the contrar, to be 
punist therfoT; as forstalleris and regrataris of this guid 
towne. 

2nd Jawuart/, 1556. 

The said day, the haill toun, being oonyenit within the toU 
buitht, thocht neidf nil and expedient to big ane biig vpoun 
the Den bume, at the south-wast entre of the toune, as thai 
oom thairto fra the brig of Dee \ and oidtti^ ^^>&\fiscL^^^«^v)r«st^ 



hmmaden, mahier oi r$A ci the brig of Dee, to big the nid 
brig of tua bowiSy safficiently with stane and ^me, witii the 
reddiest of the moncythathehesof themaflisof ArdJar, and to 
by staniSyljme, and an materially neidfolltherto; andqnhathe 
debarsifl on the biging of the said brig to be thankfully aDowit 
to him in his nixt oompt ; ▼poon the qnhiDds the said Mr. 
Bobert desyrit act of oonrt^ in presens of the haHl toon 
forsaid. 

28a yavember, 1557. 

The said day, the coonsall ordanis ane wiyting to be maid 
and send to the tonne of Dnndy, that thai cnm nocht heir with 
thair cremary and merchandoyce at Sanct Kicolaoe day, becans 
it is nocht fair, bot aganis the prevelege and inf eftment of the 
tonne, sua that thai mak nocht traweiU heir ; and to be stop- 
pit, with oertificatioon that thai sail nocht be snfferit ; and 
thai to be permittit at the fairis, {nroclamit, and na wther 
wais. 

4ih Januartff 1559. 

The said day, the haill tonne being wamit, &c., it wes ez- 
ponit to thame be the baillies, be the speche dt Danid Mar, and 
of the baillies f orsaid, and thesanrar of this gmd tonne, eleckit 
for this present yeir, qnhow that certane strangearis, and 
sum nichtboors and indoellaris of this bnrght, hes enterit to 
the blak freiris and qnhyt freiris of this town, and spnlzeit 
thair places, and takin away the gere and gndis of the samen, 
witht the tymmar wark and insicht, togidder with the leid of 
the kirkis, and now ar enterit nponn the mifi&s of the kirkis 
and biggingg, and takand away the sklayttis, tymmir, and 
stanis tbairof, applyand the same to their awin particular 
uses ; and inquirit the tonne gif thai thocht it expedient to 
proHome the saidis tymmir, sldattis, and stanis, and the samen 
to bo intromittit and applyit to the commond warkis of the 
tonne, for the oomond weill and ntilit\e thairof, togidder with 
the crof tis, landis, and emolimentis that belcoigfit the saidis 
freiris, and the prof yttis thairof to be applyit to the commond 
Weill of the tonne, and specialy for the fiurthsettin of Goddis 
glory, and his trew word and prechonrs thairof, and that the 
touno ma bo tho more habill to concur and assist for the de- 
fence of tho libertie of the realme, expelling of strangeris, and 
suppressing of ydolatrye, and requyrit thaim opinly to deolair 
thair myndis, and conolud quhat thai thocht expedient to be 
duiio hoirintill. Quhilkis all in ane voce, that war present, 
except Gilbert OoUisonei oooaentit and asaentit that the said 



99 

Dauid Mar, baize and tliesaiirar of the toon, snld intrometwith 
the saidis sklayttis, tyminer, and stanis, in name and behalf 
of the tonn, and siclyk to intromet, eir, labour, and occupy the 
croftis that belangit the saidis freirs, or sett the sam to 
lauboraris in tack and assedatioune in the townis name, and 
the haill profittis of the sam to be applyit in the townis uses, 
for the commend weill thairof , f urth setting of Goddis glorie, 
and mentening of his word, and def ens of the liberte of the 
realme ; and that no particular persone nor personis be sufferit 
to intromett with the same, nor na part thairof, frathef urtht ; 
and ordanis publict proclajnationis to be maid opinly at the 
mercat cors, heirupone as effeirs, and oblist thaim releif the 
said Dauid Mar of all dangeir and damnage that ma follow 
heirupone. 

8^^ Jcmua/ryy 1559. 

The sayd day, Dauid Mar, baize and thesaurar of this gud 
toun, eleckyt for this instant yeir, exponit to the haill toune 
opynlie in jugement, quhow thai obef or thocht expedient, and 
devysit that the sklayttis, tymmir, and stanis of the blak f reirs 
and the quhit f reirs that ar in place onspoulzet, suld be intro- 
mettit witht be him, and applyit to the commound warkis of 
the toune, upoun the quhilks he culdnocht continewally await, 
quharthrow thair wald inlayk mekiU thairof, without diligent 
attendance war takin thairto, and requyrit the toune to cheis 
four personis to awayt on the doun taking and keyping of the 
samen on the towniss expensiss, quhilt thai all thocht expe- 
dient to be done ; and alsua ordanit the said thesaurer to in- 
tromett with the croftiss and howssis belangand to the saids 
f reirs, and apply the mailis and profyttis thairof in the use of 
the toun, for the commound weyU thairof. 

The said day, Gilbert Menzes, youngar, procurator, for 
Thomas Menzes of Fetf odellis, prouest of this gud toune, his 
father, and for him selff, Gilbert Menzes, eldar, Maister 
Thomas Menzes, Gilbert Collisone, Alexr. Chawmer, and 
Symon Bumat, dissentit to the doun taking of the said reli- 
giovs places, and applying of ony part* in the townis effeyrs, 
becaus the same is contrar the mynd of the authorite and 
manifest tressoune ; and protestit for tham selffis and thair 
adherentis, that quhat dangeir and damnage cumis thair throw 
on this burght and inhabitants thairof, that thai be skaythles 
and mair no prejudice, bot that the committaris of the cryme 
ansuer for the deid« 



100 

The said day, the bailies protestit in Jngement that the pto* 
testatioune aboune wrytin be of na effect nor valor, becaus the 
saids personis maid no resistance at the begynning, nor re- 
qnyrit the bailies to concur with thaim for resisting, and pro- 
testit gif ony aocnsationne cnmis for the distroing cd ony kirk 
or place in tym cnming, that all thai quhom thai ma proff to 
haf intromettit witht ony part tharof be acousabill for the 
same, and ansner thairf or as participant thairof , nochtwith- 
standing ony protestatioun madd be thaim in the contrar, be 
ressonn the provest is principall of the toun, and maid no re- 
sistens, nor yit did requyr thaim to oonoar witht hym thairto 
as thai allegit. 

The said day, the haill tonne ordanis the fonr personis, 
qnhilkis war nominat be the counseU obef or, that is to say, 
Gilbert ColHson. Maister George Myddiltoune, Gilbert Menzes, 
eldar, and Gilbert Malysoune, to intromett and resayf in 
thair keipiag the chalices, silner wark, and ornaments of their 
proche Idrk, ^quhill the tonne consnltit quhat war expedient 
to be done thairwitht, to be warnit to compeir bef or the tonne 
on Fredday nixt, cnmis in thair gild court, to exhibit the said 
silner wark, and restoir the same to the tonne, to be applyit in 
the uses of the tonn, for the commonnd weill thairof , witht 
dew intimationne, gif thai compeirit nocht, the baillies, with 
the adwiss of the tonne, wald deceme heirintill, for the weill 
of the tonne, as thai thocht expedient, and presentlie warnit in 
jngement apud acta Gilbert Menzes, Gilbert Collisone, and 
Gilbert Malison, personlie to compeir the said day, with oerti- 
ficationne as effeiris. 

12th January^ 1569. 

The said day, Danid Mar, baize and thesanrar of this gnid 
tonne, in name and behalf of the haill tonne, being connenit in 
thair gild court, desyrit Gilbert Menzes, eldar, Gilbert Collisonn, 
Maister George Myddiltoune, and Gilbert Malyson, qnhilkis 
war eleckit and nominat be the counsell obef or to intromett 
and keyp the silner wark and oruamentis of thair proche kirk 
obef or, to restoir and deliuer the same to the tonne, that thai 
mycht do thairwitht as thai thocht expedient for the commond 
weill of the tonne ; qnhilkis personis conf essit and grantit that 
thai resanit be delinerans of the counsell the silner wark, 
kapis, and omamentis of the said proche kirk in keyping, con- 
tenit in ane inuitor subscryvit be Maister Bobert Lnmysden 
ODd }>e Jdmter Johxm Senxxedyi aorib of the toaS| and gyff the 



IM 

ooimiell, in fiemkbill way oonnenit, wald deoerne thaim to re- 
Btoir the same to thame quhom fra thai resauit the cuir and 
keiping thaii'of, thai offeirit thaim glaidlie to obey the ordinans 
of the cotmsell ; and the prowest and bailies ordanit the haill 
ootmsall to be wamyt to be oonuenit in the connsell hoos the 
xnome at nyne hours, to consnlt and conclnd in the premisses, 
and wamjt so mony of the oounsell as war present in jnge- 
xnent, with intimatioim aa offers. 

The said day, Thomas MenEos, prowes t , exponent opinlie in 
jngement, in presens of the ha^ tonne, qnhow in thair last 
ndd oonrt, haldin the viij day of Jannar instant, he being ab- 
sent of the tonne ezoersing Ids lesnm bessenes, qnhilk necessite 
of tym reqnyrit him to do, the bailies and maist part of the 
tonne hes maid certane pnblict ordinances contrar the eom- 
xnonnd weill of this bnrght, and repngnand to the will of the 
anthorite, specialy anent the dynne taking of the religiows 
places, and applying of the sklayttis, tymmir, and stanis thairof 
in the commonnd nsis of the tonne, and siclik to bestow and 
employ the townis commonnd gnid on the sustentationne of 
certane prechers ; quhillds ordinances, as he allegit, ar direct 
oontrar the commonnd weill of this gnid tonne, and con- 
trarins to the will of the anthorite : first, in respect that the 
begynning of the said distmctionne and dissipationn of the 
sai£s places wes done be certan particular personis, snm ex- 
tranears and snm dwelling within the tonne, qnharof the haill 
oommnite wes nocht participant, bot for the maist part war 
innocent and fre of the said cryme : and gyff the bailies and 
tonne wald continew and compleit the distrnctionne begun by 
wthers, and employ the residew of the saidis places in the 
towniss nsis, the haill tonn vald be repnt art and part, and 
participant of the said crym, and stand wnder the accnsationne 
of the anthorite thairf or, to the gryt hnrt, damnage, and detri- 
ment of this bnrght, and the pnir innocent bnrgessis thairof ; 
secnndlie, the sayds prechers war tollerat be permissionne of 
the anthorite, qiQiar and qnhow thai plesit, qnhill the tent day 
of Jannar instant, be ane contract and appnnctment maid be- 
tniz the qnenis grace and the principalis of the congregationne, 
eftir the said tent day is dissolnit and ezpyrit, and that the 
tonne ancht nocht to mak expenssis on the snstentationn of 
precheors, bot the bischop ancht to mak the same, and find ns 
snfficient precheors qnha resanis his dnety thairf or, and sna to 
employ the townis commonnd gnde in sic waiss is contrar the 
oommond weill of the tonne, and ancht nocht to be allowit to 
the auditors of the townis ocnnpts ; thaMoc t^ ^»a& '^^ossisBbSi 



102 

Menze?t, prowest, for liiinself and his adherentis, dissentit to 
all distmctioxme and dissipationn of the saids kirks and places, 
and applying of the same or ony pairt thairof in the uses of 
the tonne, and siclik of employing or bestowing of the townis 
commonnd gad or ony part thairof on the saids precheors ; 
and he, as prowest, inhibit Dauid Mar, thesanrar, to delienr 
ony money or mak expenssis on the said precheors of the 
emoluments of the tonne ; and protestit solemptly that he 
and his adherentis be nocht reput art, part, nor participant of 
the saidis crymes, nor incur danger, danmage, nor skayth 
thairf or in tym cnming ; upon the quhilks he tuk act and in* 
strument, in presens <d the haiU tonne. 

19th January^ 1559. 

The said day, the haill tonne, being oonnenit togider in the 
counsell houss (except Fatre Menzes being absent), all in ane 
voce, deuysit and ordanit that Gilbert Menzes eldar, G^bert 
Oollison, Maister Greorge Myddiltoune, and GKlbert Malyson, 
keipars of the siluar wark, kaipis and omamentis of the proohe 
kirk, quhilk thai resauit in keyping obef or be delinerans of the 
provest and counsell, to restoir the samen agane to saids pro- 
west and counsell, quha of new nominat Maister Fatre Ender- 
furd, Alexr. Knowis, Johne Lowsoun, and Gilbert Malyson to 
haf the keiping of the said siluer wark and omamentis, conform 
to the inuitour subscrywit obef or ; qnhilkis personis accepit the 
cuir and keyping thairof on tham, ay and quhill thai be decemit 
be the provest and counsell to restoir the same, and band and 
obleist thaim, and ilka of thaim, thair airs, executors, andassig- 
naiss, conjunctlie and severalie, to restoir the same, conf orme 
to the inuitor, at the ordinans of the prowest and counsell, 
quhen thai think tyme, and obleissis thaim to gif ane just in- 
uitor of thair ressait, subscrywit witht their handis, quhilks 
being deliuerit to thaim, the said four first keiparis ar dis* 
chargit thairof be the counsell frathynfnrtht. 

We, Maister Fatre Ruderfurd, Alexr. Knowis, Johnne Low- 
son, and Gilbert Malyson, burgessis of Abirdene, grantis to haf 
resawit, be the handis of Gilbert Menzeis eldar, Gilbert 
Collison, Maister Greorge Myddiltoune, and the said Gilbert 
Malyson, burgessis of the said burght, at command and ordi- 
nans of the prowest and haill counsell, the gryt eucharist 
chalices and siluar wark, togidder witht the kappis and oma- 
mentis wnder specifit of Sanct Nicolas kirk of Abirdene, in 
keyping ; quhUk we obleissis ws to restoir to the aaidis prowest 



lod 

and eonnsell, conrenit in sameabill maneir as tliai war be ihtJf 
ordinans quhen thai requre us thairfor, to the quhilk we bind 
and obleissis our airs, executoris, and assignais, coniunctlie 
and seueralie, leyle and treuly, but fraud or gyill. Heir 
f oUowis the inuitor of the said siluer wark and omamentis : — 
Item, imprimis, the encharyst, of four pound and two nnce of 
Biluer J item, ane chalice of our lady of pity in the wowlt, 
nyntene unoe ; item, our lady chalice of the sowth yill, nyn- 
tene Tnce and ane quart ynoe; item, Sanct Feteris chalice, 
fyftene vnce and ane half wnce ; item, tuo pair of censuris, of 
tretty aucht wnce, togidder witht four crowattis and ane litell 
sohip of saxtene vnce and ane half ; item, ane chalice of Sanct 
Johne the Ewangelist, thretty unce and ane half vnce ; item, 
the hospitall chalice, sewintene vnce and ane half ; item, our 
lady chalice of brig cheppell, tuenty unce ; item, Sanct Duth- 
akis chalice, twelf wnce and ane quarter wnce ; item, Sanct 
Nicolas chalice, thretty nyne vnce and ane half vnce ; item, 
Sanct dementis chalice, tene vnce and ane quart vnce ; item, 
the Buid chalice, saxten vnce, all of siluer ; item, ane keipe, 
ane chesabiU, witht two tynnakillis, haill f oumist with reid 
weluet, flourit and indentit with gold ; item, ane kaip of fyne 
claytht of gold ; item, ane kaip of claytht of gold, fresit with 
reid veluott ; item, ane kaip and chesapiU, witht tynnakillis, 
haill fumist of gold, fresit on grene veluott ; item, two keipis 
of reid veluott, orpheist with gold. At Abd., the xv day of 
Januar, the yeir of God ane thowsand fywe hundredtht fyfty 
and nyne yeirs, bef or thir witnes : Maister Thomas Menzeis, 
Alezr. Chawmer, William Eobertson, goldsmycht, Wm. Bar- 
clay, Sir Johnne Collison, Dauid Oollison, Sir William Walcar, 
and Maister Johnne Kennedy, notar publict, witht vder 
diuerss. 

2drd JanucMy, 1559. 

The said day, the counsell concludit, all in ane voce, to wp- 
hald and menteyine the gray freirs place within this burght, 
and to suffer no hurt, violence, nor distructioun be don thairto, 
to defend the samon at thair wtter pover fra aU distructioun 
and iniur, of quhatsumeuer persone or personis, and ordanit 
the thesaurar to produce four honest personis to remane thairin 
and awayt diligently thairupon on the townis expenssis, becaus 
the saids freirs hes resignit all thair tytill and interes of the 
said place in f auors of the toune, to be wnder thair menteinans 
and protectioune, on distroyit or castin doim; and conforme 
to the counsellis ordinance, thai ordane to gyf ansuer to my 
Lord Huntlyis missiue bill send to the prowest and bailies. 



104 

29M December, 1559. 

The said day, the haill tonne being wamit, &o., it wes opinlie 
exponit and declarit to thame be Thomas Menzes, thair pro- 
west, quhow he is snirly adnertisit that certane nychtbonrs of 
the Memis men and Angouss men, connenit in congregationne, 
ar to be in this toune this present day to destroy and cast 
donne the kirkis and religiowB places thtdrof , nnder colonr and 
pretence of godlie ref ormationne ; and becaus this tonne hes 
no directionne of the authorite of Scotland to assist and concur 
with thaim in that pnrpos, bot the same is express contrar the 
will and mynd of the authorite, and thairthiow is manifest 
tressonn, the said prowest, inqnrit the bailies and hayll [ ] 
qnhat wald be thair part thairin, and gif thai wald concur with 
him and his assistars for resisting thairof , sua that eftirward 
this toune aucht incur na indignatioune of the authorite, nor 
be reput culpabill and participant of the said cryme, and pro- 
testit solemptlie gif thai wald nocht concur with him and his 
adherentis to the effect f orsaid, that the accusatioun and par- 
ticipatioun of the said cryme cum on thaim quha will nocht 
assist to him. Upoun the quhilk aduertisment, requisitioune, 
and protestatioune the said Thomas Menzes, provest, tuk act 
of court and instrument, in presens of the haill toun ; and in 
the meyntym, thir personis following, Gilbert Menzes, eldar, 
Gilbert Menzes, youngar, Mayster Thomas Menzes, Gilbert 
Collison, Maister George Myddiltoune, Walter CuUane, eldar, 
Alexr. Chawmer, Andrew Lesly, and Andrew Buk, adherit to 
the said p^otestatioun, and protestit ilka for thaim selffs, in 
semlable maner, and tuk acts and instruments respectiue 
thairupone.* 

* The Papal jurisdiction being at length, bylaw, abolished in Sootland, 
the Protestant Ohtirch b^raui to asstiine a regular form of government. 
Its principles, as contained in the (Confession of Faith, had obtained the 
sanction of public authority ; and the care of parochial duty was com- 
mitted to ministers of the newly-establiEJied religion. About this time, 
Mr. Adam Heriot was appointed minister at Abwdeen by the General 
Assembly, which met at Edinburgh. His stipend was fixed at £200, 
which he received from the revenues of the town } but the Magistrates 
presented to him annually a suit of black clothes, and other necessaries, 
to the value of £30, besides a donation of £10 in money, in name of house 
rent. This learned divine being the first Protestant clergyman established 
in Aberdeen, some account of his life may not be deemed foreign to the 
present work. He was originally a friar of the order of St. Austin, and 
lived in the Abbe^ of St. Andrews. His reputation for the learning culti- 
vated among divmes in that age was early known ; and he was regarded 
as an eloquent preacher. Having renounced the errors of Popery, and 
embraced the reformed religion, he joined the congregation at Edinburgh ; 
andin the distribution of ministers of the gospel among the royal boron^is, 
was appointed to Aberdeen, where he oontinned until the tiine (tfhia d»At^ 



lOS 

OATH TO BE TAKEN B7 THE PBOTOST. 
80^^ September, 1560, 

By tlie lewing Lord, the eternal God, qnlia [made] herin 
and erth and all thing of nocht, and maid men to his awin 
jmage and similitnd, to be just and trew in all promises ao- 
oording to his godlie will, qnha also serchis and knawis the 
hartis and thochtis of men, and hes promesit to revenge falsat 
and to reward the trentht, I do heir promise and sneir in his 
presens and his holy angellis, that I sail leUe and trenlie, after 
my wit and power, dewly exerce the office of provestry of this 
bnrght for the space of this yeir nixt following, and sail do 
eqnall instice both to pnir and rechee, without f eid or favour, 
nor sail nocht spair to exeroe the same instice for luff, hatrent, 

which happened npon the 28th Augast, UM. The citizens of all ranks 
highhr esteemed him for his distinffoished hnmanity, probity, and worth. 
He died of an apoplexy, in the sixtieth year of his a^e, and was bnried tn 
the quire of Samt Nicholas Church. In his ministerial charge he was 
sncceeded by a no less worthy character, Kr. John Craig, who had been 
the colleaeae of Mr. John Knox for the space of nine y^ars. In the j^ear 
1679 Mr. Qraig resigned his charge at Aberdeen, on receiving the appoint- 
ment of Chaplain to the King. During his ministry Episoopacy waa 
established in the Chnrdi of Scotland, in consequence of the agreement 
which had taken place in a convention, composed of the leadmg men 
among the clergy and the Committee of the Privy. Council ; and whidi 
had obtained, under certain qualifications, the sanction of the General 
Assembly. We are informed that David Cunningham was installed, in 
Saint Nicholas Church, as the first Protestant Bishop of Aberdeen, in the 
month of November, 1677, b^ Adamson, Ardibishop of St. Andrews, and 
that Mr. Craig assisted at his inauguration, aa one of the eoUatarals.—- 
Kennedy, 

A small taUet, with an inscription in Latin, to the memory of his wifb, 
was removed firom the north wfdl of the Old East Church, and placed on 
the east wall ot Drum's Aisle. The following is a translation of the in- 
scription : — 

" In this grave is deposited the body of Effemie Scheves, a pious and 
discreet woman, a native of the province of Fife, who was forme^ the 
dutiful wife of Mr. Adam Heriot, preacher of the merits of Jesus Christ, 
at Aberdeen ; the soul of which Effemie was raised to Heaven in virtue of 
the blood of Jesus Christ, in the 3d day of February, 1668, about eight 
o'clock in the evening. * Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord.* **— 
Couroffe^e Survey qf Aberdeen. 

In the Town's Accounts for 1669 we find the two following items :— 

Item for ane garment and haille stand of claythes to Mr. 
Adam Herreot, at the Town's command, . . . £28 

Item, Adam Herreot himself; his servand, and his horse, 
for the space of nine owMs (weeks) elHs (already) 
bigane (past), .,^.... « .t&<^<^ 



106 

wynning, tynselli nor na wther thing ma liappin, bot sail 
trenlie sett fnrtlit and meTntene the same) and libertie and 
priuilege of this burgh, for the commound weill and profytt 
therof , and also sail mentene and f nrthsett the f ayth and reli- 
gionne of Jesus Cryst at my wtter power, and sail be innemy 
to all thaim that resistis and ganestandis the samen. Also I 
sell assyst, concur, fortify, and furthtsett all thingis ordanit 
and concludit to be done be the nobile oonsell of this guid 
toune in all thingis concerning the avansment of Goddis glory 
and the libertie and fredome of this burght and communitie 
thairof, in equite and justice, as my wit, wnderstanding, puis- 
sans, and power will serwe me to do, at the will and plesure of 
God ; quhilk I awow and promise to obserwe in presens of God 
and this congregatioone. 

&h Januar^f 1661. 

The said day, the haill toun beand lauchtf ully wamit to this 
day, to heir and se the siluer wark, brasin wark, keippis and 
ornaments, of thair parroche kirk ropit, and the same to be 
sauld and disponit to thame that Till offer maist for the same ; 
and the money gottin for the samyn to be applawdit to the 
oommond weill and necessar adois of this guid toun. Quhilkis 
being ropit conf orme to the invitour registrat in the buikis 
obef oir diuerse tymes be oppin proclamatioun, and dieurse and 
sindry ofiferaris for the same lauchfull tym of day being 
bidden, and detful ordour vsit in sic caissis, being obseruit, the 
grytest sovme offerit for the same wes ane hundreth f ourtie 
tua pound be Patrik Menzeis for the keippis, zxi s. for ilk vnce 
of siluer, xvj s. for ilk stane of brass, extending in the haill to 
the sovme of fyw hundreth xl lib. money of Scotland. Quhair- 
f or the haill town consentit and assentit to deliuer the said 
siluer wark, keippis, bres, and omamentis, continit in the invitour 
f orsaid, to the said Fatrik of the proces f orsaid ; and ordanis 
the money thairof to be deliuerit to the thesaurar to be applyit 
for the commond weill and necessar adois of this guid toxm, as 
thehaiU communite sail think expedient. 

The said day, Gilbert Menzes and Gilbert Gollysone dissentit 
to the said roiping, selling, and disposicioun, for thame selffis 
and their adherans, lyk as thai haue discentit and protestit in 
sic caicis ewer obef oir, as thai alleigit, and tuk act of court 
tharwpoun. 

16^^ March, 1661- 
The bailliea ordanis Hector Dolloquhy^ quha wes oonyiokit 



ic/t 

obef oir for ihib strikingf and blnid drawing of ElpseU Irving, 
to cum ypoim Sonday nizt cnmis to the Sanct Nicolace kirk, 
and ther, in the presens of Gk)d and his holy congregatioun, 
ask the said Elspetforgifnes, and to revoik the injurious wordis 
said be him as f als and vntrew, and to sett cautioun, that gif 
ewer he beis f undyn in sic offens in tym cuming, to be baneist 
fnrth of this guid tonne. 

l&th April, 1661. 

The said day, the haill towne, being conyenit for the maist 
pairt be sound of the hand bell, ordanit Dauid Mar, thesaurar 
of this guid towne, to reseawe and vptak the maiUis, f ermis, 
profflttis, and dewiteis of the freiris croftis, to be applyit to 
the townis vtilite and proffitt, aye and quhill he be dischargit ; 
and Gilbert Menzeis and Gilbert Gollisoune disassentit thaSrto, 
lykas thai haue done in all sic actionis concerning the intro- 
missioun of geir belanging to the kirk, and protestit that thai 
be dischargit therof . 

12th Januarif, 1562. 

The said day, Thomas Menzeis ezponit to the consell that 
he is suirlie inf ormit that the quenis grace is to cum to the 
north partis to vesy the same, betuix this and Peace nizt to 
cum, or thairby, and that it is nocht onknawin to thame of her 
grace honorabill resauing at her first entry, and prenoely pro- 
pynis giffin to hir grace, in Edinburght and Dunde, and vther 
townis that hir grace hes veseit, and inquirit thame quhat thai 
thocht expedient to be done thairanent. Quha all in ane voce 
dewisit and ordanit the sowme of twa thousand merkis to be 
Tplif tit for the preparatioun and decoration of the toun, and 
to be propynit to hir grace, as vise hes bene in tymes bypast 
to be done to kingis and princes of this realme at their first 
entre, with consultation to be had quhair the said sovme may 
be best easalie coUekit and gottyn. 

2&th November, 1562. 

The said day, Thomas Menzeis, prowest, and Maister George 
Myddiltoun, bailze, decemit and ordanit Margrat Forbes, ser- 
vand to Maister Bobert Andersone, quha is conyickit for the 
strubling, stryking, and bluid drawing of Elizabeth Wood, to 
pay and recompens the harbour for the curing and leyching of 
the said Elizabetht, and to gif her also for ane pecuniall pane 
£1 6s. 8d. Scottis money. And attour to oomi^is ^sn ^<csi^^sk<i 



IM 

nizt emnifl, ImmeditttHie efter the preohing, witliin the panoobe 
kirk, and thair, in preseas of the congregationn, ask God and 
the party ojQfendit forgifnee, with a contreit and penitent 
mynd ; and gif ewer ache conunittis sic offence in tym earning, 
to be baneist of this tonne for ewer ; and the said Maister 
Robert Andersone, hir maiater, is beoumin soaertie and caa- 
tionn for f nlfiUing of the premisses, in presence of the prowest 
and bailzies. 

nth March, 1663. 

The baallies chargit Elizabeth Annand, sponse to Johxme 
Kaitland, to pay Francis Degley, harbour, twentie s. Scottia 
money, for the lanbonris bestowit be him vpon the said Eliza- 
beths doohter, in heling and mending of hir ei&i within terme 
of law. 

16^ Navemh§r, 1674 

The said day, thehailloommxmitie being wamit to this day, 
condncit Johnne Gowpar to pas enerie day in the morning at 
four honris, and enerie nicht at viii. hooris at ewyne, throw 
all the rewis of the tonne playand upon the almany quhissil, 
with ane servand with him playand on the tabroune, quhairby 
the craftismen thair servandis and all ntheris laborionss f olkis 
being wamit and exdtat, may pas to thair labouris and fra 
thair labouris, in dew and connenient tyme ; and ordanis the 
said Johnne to haff for his stipend and fee yeirlie tua s. of 
enerie burgess man, and xviii. d. of enerie free craftisman, at 
four termes in the yeir, Candelmes, the mid day, Lammes 
day, and Hallow day, and the first terme to begyn at Candil- 
mes nizt to com, anid that upon his guid seruice induring the 
consellis will. 

nth Ifay, 1680. 

The said day, the haill tonne being lauchtfullie wamit, Ac-, 
it wes exponit to thame be Gilbert Mengzes of Fetf oddeOis, 
thair prowest, qubow that he hes gottin aduertisment fra 
Edinburght in ureit, that our maister the Kingis Maiestie 
(quhome Grod preserve) is to cum sbortlie to visie the northt 
parfcis of this realme, and specialie this burght ; and that it is 
nocht unknawin to thame of the rait and lowabill conseutud of 
this realme in all tyme bigane ; and that at quhatsumeuir 
tyme his grace progenitouris Kyngis of Scotland of gud 
memorie happynnit to visie and repair to the maist honorabill 
borrowis of this realme, that at the time of thair first entrie 
and presentaiioQii of thame seliBa thalpiBto, thai used to re* 



oeiye thalr said Soaerane Lord and Kyng witht trilling And 
glaid harfcis, schawing significationn thairof at thair nitermaist 
power to receive and glaid the Kingis Maiestie with f arsceis, 
playeis, historeis, antikis, and sio nther decorationn as was 
thocht expedient for the tyme ; and also, to propyne thair 
graces witht ane honorabille propyne of gold, waks and spyGe, 
and nther pronision, to the fumeising of his graces houss ; and 
specialUe this burght was enir radio to do sic decorationn and 
plese at the first entre of thair Prince and Kyng at thair nter- 
maist power according to thair substance and facnltie, and 
inqnyrit at the commonitie, being convenit be lanohtfnll 
wamyng as said is, for the maist pairt to the efifect under 
wretin, gif thai wald do the lyk now as thair predecessooris 
bnrgessis and inhabitantis of this bnrght did obefoir, gif it 
happinit onr said Maister the Eingis Grace to hald f nrth his 
purposs in visiting this his Graces pnir towne, of the quhilkis 
thai all in ane voice bot contradictioun war glad, content, and 
consentit thairto, and for preparationn of the premisses con- 
sentit to collect, lift, and gadder, ane taxationn of the sowme 
of thrie thowsand markis nsuall monee of this realme, and for 
setting of the said stent and taxationn, nominat and chesit the 
personis under wretin ; that is to say, Bobert Mengzes, Alex- 
ander Butherf urd, bailies ; John Lawsonne, Androw Huntar, 
Alexander Forbes, &c., stentaxis and texaris, quha war swome 
the gryt aitkt to stent the samen upon the nychtbouris and 
inhabitantis of this burght, ilk ane conf orme to his substance 
and facultie, according to thair conscience, knawlege, and 
understanding. 

29th JIfarch, 1686. 

The said day, the provest, bailyeis, and oonnsaill of this 
burght) haueing consideratioun that thepavmentof the fluirof 
thair paroche lark is offt tymes opinit and brokin throw the 
buriall to the gryt expenssis of the ref ormatioun thairof, and 
als of the desyir and supplicatioun of dyueris personis quha 
desyris the bodeis of thair departit freindis to be bureit in the 
said kirk, swa that throw the multitude of deid bodeis bureit 
thairin few places is to be fund thairintill but grein grauis, 
albeit the kirkyard be ane honorabill place of buriall gif thai 
wald content thairwitht, thairfoir the saidis provest, balyeis, 
and counBaill all in ane voce, thocht expedient and concludit 
that the bodeis of na persoun past tuentie yeiris of aige be 
bureit in the said kirk, without payment of thre pundis of 
money or thai be bureit, and of baimis xz. s. to be payit to the 
isaister of the Idrk warki fcv the q](Lbiik.\x<^ «»3QX)i^^sSys^s^ %»^ 



iiA 

fekstrictifc to ansTiir yeirlie in his compt, and that but preindioe 
of sik f undationis as ar prenilegit personis to the said maister 
of kirk wark, to canss ane officiar als oft as neid beiss poind 
and distrenze for the said dewtie, ordainand the officiaris to be 
radye, and ansnir and obey the said maister of kirk wark, 
anent poinding, for oontentmg of this present act. 

8^^ Jama/ryt 1692. 

The said day, the pronest, bailleis, and oonsall, wnderstand- 
ing that thebnrghis of Edinburgh, Dundye, Perth, and wtheris 
townis be south this burgh, perceaving the gryt disordour and 
confusioun that presentlie now regnis within the haill realme, 
trubill and calamiteis quhairwith the same is presentlie grevit, 
and cheiflie the persecutioun, intentit and deuysit to hawe 
bene put in practeis be the enemies of Chrystis treu evangel, 
aganis the ministrie and prof essouris theirof within the bur- 
rowis, hes for thair awin saf etyes cans, and for publict qnyet* 
nes within the saidis burrowis, causit thair townis tobenichtlie 
walkit and watohit be the citizenis and inhabitantis of the 
samen, that na disordour sail enter theirin, na strangeans and 
eztranearis resort and repair theirto, quheirof the magistrattis 
of the samen suld nooht be aduerteist and f orsene, and that 
this burgh is situat in sio ane pairt of the cuntre, be itselff 
alane far distant fra ony wther townis, hes not onfy wpone the 
occasionis aboue rehersit, bot lykvayis be resson of the gryt 
disordour now within thir north pairtis quhair the barbarous 
and crewell helandmen ar brokin lowss, hes wsit gryt crewel- 
teis and rasit hudge hardschippis, quhilk is ane mater that 
tuichis this burgh and inhabitantis thairof, lyand sa neir baud 
to the hielandis, it being ane oppin toun; for thir caussis, 
thochct meit and expedient, deuysit and ordanit, with consent 
of the haill toun conyenit this day in thair heid court, that this 
burgh, as the remanent burrowis be south the samen sail be 
niohtliewatchit and walkit during the space that sail be thocht 
expedient be the prouest, bailleis, and counsall, the portis 
thairof made fast andnichtlie lockit, the catbandis nichtliefes- 
tinit, and that ilk nichtbour and inhabitant of this burgh sail 
hawe, keip and wphald thair bak dykis and bak yettis fast 
and sufficient, and that the said nichtlie watche sal be of sio a 
numer of the inhabitantis thairof as sail be thocht meit and 
expedient be the baillie of the quarter, ilk persone, inhabitant 
of this burgh, being wamit to the wache to cum theirto to the 
gaird hous at the tyme appoyntit, in armour, jack, steil bonat, 
spair^ halbert} or lang gun, and remano for that sioht in the 



ill 

waohe, at sio plaoes of the tonne as he Ball be appo3mtit be tbe 
bailie of the quarter, to [ ] honris in the morning, and 

qnhasoener sal be absent fra the wache, being wamit theirto, 
or not remain thereat during the tjme appoyntit, to incur the 
wnlaw of tuentie s. on f orgiffin. 

Blst Ja/MM/ryy 1692. 

The said day, the prouest, baillies, andconsall, ele^t, nomi- 
nate and ohesit Dauid Cargill, to be watter baillie quhill 
Michaelmes nixt cummis, quhom thay ordanit to attend wpon 
the herbrie and schoir of this burgh, that na channell, stanes, 
sand, nor any uther thing be cassin in the trink of the watter, 
or within the fluid merk, out of schippis, craris, or bottis, and 
that the skipperis or awneris of the schippis or craris cumming 
to the samen fra the south or north partis of this realme, or 
fra ony f oran cuntreis, present to the said watter baillie or to 
the magistrattis of this burght, the just entrie of the gudis, 
geir, and merchandrie in the saidis schippis, craris, or boittis, 
with the names of the merchandis and awneris of the samen : as 
alsua, the skipperis of all craris or boittis passing out of this her- 
brie to wther partis to do thelyk, to the effect, that forbiddin 
gudis and wnf remenis gudis may be knawin, and that all shippis, 
craris, or boittis, cumming to the herbrie of this burgh with 
coillis, lyme, sklattis, or wther common necessaris, to be sauld, 
that the samen sal be distributit to the nichtbouris of this 
burgh be the discretioun of the baillie and magistrattis, for sio 
paynis as is agreit on with the skipperis or awneris of the 
samen, and that na persone quhatsumeuer frie nor onfrie, pre- 
sume to tak ony proffeit or commoditie on ooiUis, lyme, sklaitt, 
or other common necessaris in tyme cuming, according to the 
ordinance maid thairanent obef oir, wnder the payne of [ ] a. 
to be incnrrit be the contravenar of this statut. 

21^ Fehrucmf^ 1592. 

The said day, the prouest, bailleis, and consall, &o., deuysit 
and ordanit that thair salbe propynit to his majesties hous at 
his graces cumming to this burght, ane punsheoun of auld 
Burdeaux vyne, gif it may be had for money, and gif not, ane 
last of the best and fynest aiU.that may be gottin within this 
bmght, together with the spicerie eftir following ; that is to 
say, four pound weyoht of pepper, halff pund of measis, four 
uncea of safrone, half pund of cannele, fourtene pund of 
Buckour, tua dossonebuistis of confeittis,ane dosaoue buifi.tA&^ 



iooroliettii) and dttsson bmstis of socoour ahnondis. ane doflscme 
bnistis of conf ectioms, and ane chalder of coillis, and the deane 
of gild and thessanrer sail debnrse and pay for the samen, of 
the reddiest of the accidentis that is in thaax handis, or ather of 
thame, qnhilk salbe allowit to thame in their comptis, nocht- 
withstanding of the ordinance of connsall maid obefoir, or- 
daining that all frie sylner that sail happin the said thesanrer 
and deane of gild to receawe be ressone of thair offices (the 
kingis ana townis pensioneris being alwayis first payit), to be 
employit for payment of the annnell rent of Ids majesties 
tocher of the Martomes terme last bypast and Witsonday 
terme to cnm, quhairanent the pronest, bailleis, and consaU 
dispensis be ressone of the present necessitie, and that the cns- 
tnme is, that ever the kingis and princes of this realme at 
thair cnmming to this bnrgh, hes bene in all tyme bygane pro- 
pynit with vyne and spycerie. 

22nd February, 1593. 

The said day, the consall folowing theezampillof the townis 
of Edinbnrght, Perth, Dnndy, and Montroiss, qnhilkis laitlie 
within thir thrie or f onr dayis, for that it hes plesit Gk>d to 
grant to his Mcgestie ane sone, a prince to this realme and 
contrie, had maid sum solemnitie according to the ancient 
custnme maid at birth of princes of this reabne, in signe and 
toMn of thair joyful hartis, be bigging of fyris, praysing and 
thanking God for the benefitt, be singing of psalmes throa the 
haill rewis and streittis of the tounis, drinking wyne at the 
croces thairoff, and nthervayes liberally bestowing of the 
spyceries, ordanit the lyk forme and ordonr to be within this 
bnrght on Sunday nizt, the xziiii. of this instant, immediatelie 
folowing the eftir nune sermone, and ane tabill to be ooverit 
at the meroat croce of the samen, for the magistrattis and 
bayth the consallis, with tna bunnis of Inglis beir, to be placed 
and ran at the said mercat croce, the vyne to be liberalh'e 
dninkin in sic a ressonabill qnantitie as the deane of gild sail 
deuyse, f omr dnssoun bnistis of skorchettis, oonf ecttis, and oon- 
f ectionis to be placed on the said tabill, and cassin amongis the 
pepill, with glassis to be brokin ; and ordanis Johnne Tillie* 
daffe, deane of gild to pronyd the samen and mak ezpensfids 
thaimpoun, qobilk salbe allowit to him in his oomptis. 

80^ September, 1594. 

The said day, the connsell having consideration that Johnne 
CoD/B<me, guha is eleotit prouest ci Uus burght for the yeir to 



lis 

oum, hes his present duelling in Torrie, and that for his dili- 
gent avating on the said office, he may transport himselff, wyff, 
baimis, and f amelie, to this bnrgh, and dneU theirin dniinjf the 
tyme of his office, and be ressoim he hes nocht a ladgingof his 
awin within this bnrght, ordanit Alex' Ewyn, deane of gild, to 
prouyd for ane ludging to him, qohair the same may be maist 
commodionslie had for xnaill, with all convenient diligence, to 
the effect the said prouest may hane his residence and duelling 
within this toim, and that the maill of the said lugging salbe 
payit be the deane of gild of the leddiest of the aocidentis and 
casualiteis belanging to the tonn, qnhilk sal happin him to 
receave be vertew of his office, qnhilk salbe allowit to him in 
his oomptis. 

llih September, 1595. 

The said day, it was thocht meitt and expedient be the pro- 
nest, baillies, and consall, that preserving and keping of the 
meall that cummis to the meroatt of this burght to be eanld, 
fra rayn and wynd. and to the effect the same may be the 
mair commodionslie mett without- skayth, als weill to the sel- 
laris as to the byeris, that thair be commoun hallis maid of 
tymber coverit aboue with deaUis, and opening onbayth sydis, 
vpon the eist end of the tolbnyth, fra the north cheik of the 
tolbuyth dur direct eist or theirby, toward the place quhair the 
malt mercatt standis, and that be the adnyse of Danid Ander- 
sone, Dauid Cargill, and sic vtheris of the consall as sail be 
adionit to thame, upon the townis ezpenssis be the dean of 
gild or thessaurer, and the expenssis to be debursit be thame 
theiron to be aUowit to thame in thair comptis, and of ilk lead 
or seek of meill sic ane deutie to be exactit of the awner their- 
of , as sail be dueysit heiref tir be the causally and the saidis 
hallis to be rowpit yeirlie. 

24ith December, 1595. 

The said day, the prouest, baillies, and consalli oonsiddering 
that the chief burrowis of this realme hes houssis belanging to 
the burght callit the townis houssis, quhilkis servis for a 
wreting buith to thair commoun clerk, and a hous for keping 
of thair buikis and registeris, and aduysing of the processes 
dependand betuixt nichtbour and nichtbour bef oir the prouest 
and baillies, and that maist ewous to the tolbuith of the 
burght ; and that Maister Thomas Molly sone, commoun clerk 
of tuis burg at, is to remove at Witsouday nixt fra the chalmer 
and wreting house presentlie ooQupeit bekbim^^^()!^c2^^^^'^)Ri:2^^ 

\ 



114 

peit obef or be ymqnliill Maister Johnne Kennedj, oommotmd 
olerk, dyyers and sindrie yeris, Ijand on the north sjd of the 
Oastelgett of this bnrght, quhiUc was ever oallit the clerkis 
chalmer, a place knawin to the haill inhabitantis and Ttheris 
as maist convenient for that pnrpose, being sa neir the tol- 
buyth of this bnrght, to sie and prouyd for ane hons quhair 
the same may be maist commodionsly and convenientlie had 
narrest to the tolbnith of this bnrght, qnhilk langer the said 
Maister Thomas can nocht posseid nor occnpie, be reasone the 
same is disponit heretablie be the proprietor, and the byer 
therof man enter theirto at the said terme ; theirf or orduiit 
the thesanrer of this bnrght to sie and pronyd for ane honSi 
quhair the same may be maist commodionslie and convenient- 
lie had narrest to the tolbnyth, to be ane vreting bnyth to the 
said M' Thomas, thair servitonr and clerk, and to be ane hons 
for keping of the townis bnikis and registeris, and adnysing of 
processes, that the prouest and baSlies may have reconrs 
thervnto to that effect, as ane meit hous for the same, and that 
the thesanrer sail pay the maill thereof yeirlie, vnto the tyme 
the town and connsall pronyd for ane hous of thair awin to the 
effect f orsaid, the maill of the quhilk yeirlie sail be allowit to 
the said thessanrer in his comptis. 

2nd September^ 1596. 

The said day, anent the snpplicationn presentit to the pro- 
nest, baillies, and connsall, be Maister Qnintine Prestonn, 
professor of phisick, craving at thame the libertie and benefitt 
inrespect of his debilitie, being snmquhat stricken in aige, and 
sna not abill to accomplische the deutie without ane coadiutor, 
to interteine ane apothecar and his apothecarie chop, for the 
better f nmesing of this bnrght and of the cnntrie, of all sort 
of physical and chimrgicall mendicamentis, as the said snppli- 
cationn at lenth proportis, qnhairwyth the connsall being ad- 
nysit, and reasoning theiranent at lenth, findis the desyre 
theirof reasonable ; and theirf or gawe and grantit, and be thir 
presentis gevis and grantis libertie and licence to the said 
Mr. Qnintine, to interteine ane apothecar with his apothecarie 
chop, to the effect abone specif eit, during the will of the coon- 
sail and the said Mr. Quintines gnid behaviour, allanerlie. 

The quhilk day, the connsall considering that thair is a gryt 
resort of the inhabitantis of this bnrght, bayth men and wo- 
men, daylie to ane Johne Grordonej alias Williamsone, presentlie 

detomt is paptiritie ia the kirk wolt| m a nwaifoit aad oppia 



115 

witohe, qnha oontinewallie, qnhill he was laitlie apprehendit 
and tane, gawe himself out as a dum man, and speris at the 
said Johne dyvers and sindrie thingis werray preiudiciall to 
the oommonn pepill, qnha hes bene, and is yit, daylie seduoit 
and delndit be hLn, to the gryt dishonour of God, theirf or or- 
danit proclamatioun to be maid the mome, be the drum passand 
throw the haill rewis of the toune, that na inhabitant within 
this burght presyme nor tak ypon hand to confer to, nor speak 
with, the said Johne in tyme cumming in any sort, certif eing 
sic as sal be fund and notit conferring with him, sail be causit 
mak publiot repentance in sack cloth, besyd the danger of the 
kingis lawis to be execut on thame with all rigour, conf orme to 
the actis of parliament ; and siclyk ordanis ane commissioun 
to be send for to his Maiestie, to be direct to the schireff, for 
sitting and haulding justice on him, conf orme to the lawis of 
this realmej for his witchecraft. 

liith September, 1596. 

The quhilk day, the haill toune, baith frie and vnfrie, being 
lawf ullie wamit to this day be the hand bell passand throw the 
haill rewis of the toun, wherwpoun the berar maid fayth, 
and convening for the maist part within the tolbuith, repre- 
sentand the haill bodie, it was exponit and declarit to thame 
be Thomas Mengzeis, prouest, that it wes the Yoit, consent, 
and ordinance of bayth the consallis of this burght, auld and 
new sessionis therof,,that the toun salbe deuydit in tua seuerall 
halffis, to yit, the Evin Quarter and Futtie Quarter, with the 
four round tabillis, for the ane halff, and the Grene and Crukit 
Quarteris, for the vther halff, quhill the Grey Frier Kirk, callit 
the Midtoun Kirk, suld be repairit, quhilk is ordanit to be done 
with all convenient diligence, and than the toun to be deuydit 
agane in thrie partages and parochinis, and as it suld fall be 
lott, the ane halff to repair to the auld kirk, and the vther to 
the new kirk, and preiching to be on the Sabboth day, alsweill 
ef tir none as af oir none, in bayth the saidis kirkis, and on the 
tua ordinar vlk preiching dayes, preiching to be the ane day in 
the new kirk, and the vther day in the auld kirk, quhill the 
said third kirk be repairit, and than the toun to be deuydit in 
thrie parochinis as said is ; and theirf or inquyrit of the toun, 
convenit as said is, gif they wald consent and assent theirvnto, 
8S to ane mater and actioun bayth godlie and proffitabill, 
quhilk desire the toun, assemblit as said is, thocht bayth godlie 
and reas(jnable, and willinglie assentit to the ordinance of the 
saidis oounsaUis and BeseiooiSi m iqsa aa^^ m \^x^ ^^rsoX^c^^ 



116 

and for effeotnating therof , th& persones and inhabitaiitis of 
the saidis Evin and Fattie Qiiarteris, and four round tabillis, 
oonvenit, nominat the said Thomas Mengzeis, proaeet, to draw 
the lott for thame, qohilk of the saidiB kirkis^ and qnhidder the 
bischop or Mr. Peter Blakbnme, minister, snld fi^ to thame i 
and the persones of the Gmkit and Grcoie Qoartexis oheedt 
Alexander Butherford to draw the lott for thame, qiihfflc of 
the saidis Idrkis and ministeries snld fall to thame ; aoooxdiiig 
to the qnhilk nominatioon, the saidis Thomas Hengseis and 
Alexander Eatherfiird, drawing the lottis, the said new kirk 
with the said Mr. Peter Blakbune, fell to the said Erin and 
Euttie Quarfceris and four round tabillis, and the auld kirk with 
the bisohop fell be lott to the said Grene and Omkit Qnarteoris ; 
and heirefter the toun was exhortit be the prouest and mi- 
nister to keip thair awin paroche kirkis on the Sabboth day, 
bayth af oir and ef temone, and to be subjeot to the diBoipHne 
of thair awin kirkis and ministrie, as is f allin to thame be lott, 
quhilk in the name and fear of God thay promeist so to do, 
quhairrpon the said Thomas Mengzeis, prouest, and the said 
Mr. Peter Blakbume tuik act of oourt and^instroment. 

20th September^ 1596. 

The samen day, the prouest, baillies, and oounsall ordaiUB 
Dauid Cargill, dean of gild, to gif to Alex' Tailzeour, aHas 
Gheckum, the townis commoun poist, ane garment and luiffray, 
of Scottis blew, having the townis armes on the sohulder, and 
the expenssis to be maid be the said dean of gild theiroiii, or- 
danis the same to be allowit to him in his oomptis. 

28^ Jamary^ 1696. 

The said day, the oonsall ordanit Thomas Bany and his wyff 
to be tackin and careit throoht the strettis of the toun, bund to 
ane cart, with ane croun of paper on ilk ane of thair heidis, 
oontening this circumscriptioun in gryt letteris, far ihifi amd 
reaaett qfthift, and thaireftor to be perpetoallie baneut this 
burght, and this to be done the mome. 

ISth I^hruaty, 1696. 

The said day, the oonsall considering that malef actonria and 
enorme persones, theiffes, and resetteraris, in tymes bygane 
hes past ynpunischit, after they hare bene convict of odious 
dTmes and ofienoes, sum meatiDg death, vtberis banisoheipent, 



117 

sonrging, bnniixig, and tonnenting, be the soliiref , proneftt, and 
bailUes of this bnrgflit, ather of thame according to tbeir awin 
power and juriBdiotionn, for laik and want of ane persone to 
ezeont the sentence pronnncit aganis the offendar and malef ac« 
tonr, quhom to find it wei difficill, be reasonne of the hard in- 
treating and Yssing of sio as hes bene sic offlcemen and execn- 
tonris in tymes bygane, be snm of the niohtbonris and 
inhabitantis of this bnrght, of the meanest and simplest sort> 
without knawledge, in offending of the said ezeontonr and 
offioeman, ather be word or deid, stun calling him hangmaiiy 
with many gryter opprobrions appellationis, honnding hhn aff 
the tonn, casting stanes at him, and rtherwayes injuring of 
him be way of deid, qnhairby the execntonr hes bene f orcit to 
leave the tomi and desert his office, hes theirf or chosin Johne 
Jnstice to be ezeontonr of the sentences of baneisment, scnrg« 
ing, tormenting, orytherwayes pnnisching of malefactonris be 
thepronest and baillies, qnha lykewayes salbe ezeontonr of 
the sentences and domes pronimoit be the schireff aganis per- 
sones oondampnit to die or be sonrgit ; and to the effect he 
may ezecnt his office the better without offence, ordanit pro- 
cla^tion to be maid at the mercatt croce of the bnrght, that 
na niohtbour theirof, man nor woman, young nor auld, tak 
rpon hand or presome to offend the said Johne Justice, ather 
be word or deid, in forme aboue rehersit, or any maner of way 
that may cause him desert his office, certif eing sic as salbe 
fund to contravene the same, salbe punesohit with all regour 
as the oonsall sail deuyse, and that his hous salbe in the little 
hous ynder the tolbuyth stair, the dur theirof to be reparit, 
and ane lok to be put theron. 

ah May, 1697. 

The said day, it being vnderstaxid to the proaeet, baillies, 
and oounsall, that the burrowis of Edinburght, Perth, Dundee, 
and ytheris weill ref ormit and govemit townis of this realme, 
hes commodious and conyenient houssis, caUit the townis houB 
or commonn olerlds chalmer of the burght, maist ewous and 
neir to the tolbuyth and hous of justice, quliairvnto the magis- 
trattis of the burght, and oftymes the counsall of the samyn, 
frequentlie reparis, for aduysing of the proces and actionis 
depending befoir the ma^strattis, consulting and deliberating 
oftymes vpon the efiaris of the burght, and for sichting of the 
townis registeris and court builds their put, kepit, and placit, 
and that the olerkis chalmer of this burght, presentlie occupeit 
be hiaof and qnhilfc wasoocvpeit «bef<iir be hia predioeasousisL^ 



118 

thlr dyrers yeris bygane, for the qnhilk tbair is yeirlie payit 
out of the commoun gude be the theeatirer twentie four pnnaiSi 
is now becum mynous, navayes decent nor cmnlie to the pro- 
uest, baillies, and counsall to repair theirvnto, to the effect 
aboue specif eit, nather yit sure nor sufficient to keip the re- 
gisteris and court buikis of this burght, in that Mr. Thomas 
Mollisoun, commoun clerk theirof , be reasoun of the insuffioi- 
ende of the said hous, is compelUt to keip the said registeris 
and buikis in his awin duelling hous, theirfor the saidis 
prouest, baillies, and counsall, f olowing the ezampill of the 
saidis burrowis, findis it meit and expedient that thair salbe 
ane hous biggit of tymmer, on the wast gavill of the tolbuyth, 
tua stair hicht, and [ ] futtis in breid, the laiohest of 

the saidis tua stairis to be the wreitting hous for the clerk of 
this burght, his deputtis and servandis, and to keip the regis- 
teris, buikis, and proces, with ane studie in the end theirof 
for the clerk himself, out of the quhilk laichest stair, thair 
salbe ane dur to enter to the counsalhous, and the hichest stair 
to be ane hous quhairin the prouest and baillies sail adyse the 
proces, and the counsall, as occasioun salbe offered, consult 
and deliberat ypon the efiEkris of the toun, and vnder the 
lachest of the saidis stairis, ane conyenient place for the 
flescheris to hing and put out thair fleschis to be sauld, and 
keping and preserving the same from rayn and wadder ; and 
their the commoun clerkis chalmer of thiJs burght to be biggit, 
with commodious and convenient lichtis and passage theirvnto, 
as a place maist commodious theirfor, and ordanis the same to 
be done with sic convenient tyme, as the necessitie of the 
gryter effaris of this burght will permit, and with the reddiest 
of the commoun rent and patrimonie of the samen, that salbe 
in the thesaureris handis, and with the accidentis that sail fall 
to the dean of gild for the tyme, and the ezpenssis to be maid 
theirvpon be the saidis thesaurer aud dean of gild to be al- 
lowit thame in thair comptis. Persones of counsall present — 
Alexander Butherfurd, prouest ; Maister Patrik Gheyne, 
Maister Alex' Cullen, George Knowis, Alex' Jaffiray, baillies ; 
Alex' Cullen, Dauid Fergussoun, Maister Gilbert Gray, Patrik 
Forbes, Walter Collysoun, Andro Scherar, William Dwn, Ale^ 
Burnett, Alex' Kempt, John Layng, George Elphingstoun, 
saidler, and Andro Watsoun, wricht. 

11th January, 1597. 

The said day, the prouest, baillies, auld and new counsallis, 
remembering that thair was ane act and ordinance maid obef oir 
vpon the f ourt day of May last bypast, in this instant yeir of 



116 

God, f onrsooir Boventeine yeiris, ordanhig asie hotu to be blggii 
of tynuner on the west gavill of the tolbnyth of this bnrght, tua 
stair hicht, and ten fnttis in breid, to be the commoun clerkis 
ohakner of this bnrght, and ane house for avysing of the pro- 
ces compending bef or the prouest and bailleis of this bnrght, 
and that inrespect that the ohahner than ooonpiet, and as yit 
oconpeit be Mr. Thomas MoUisonn, commoun clerk, is aiQd and 
ruynous, and alvayes vncumlie to the prouest and baUlies to 
repair into, as at mair lenth was contentit in the said act, 
theirf or ratif eit, affermit, and approyit the said act and ordi- 
nance in all poyntis ; and ordanit Dauid Cargill, present dean 
of gild, with all conyenient diligence, to by tymmer and mate- 
riaUis for bigging of the said hous, vpon the said wast gavill of 
the said tolbuyth, and to enter to the bigging of l^e same, 
quhowsone the wadder will permit, to be biggit in forme and 
maner specef eit in the said former act, and the ezpenssis to be 
maid be the said dean of gild theirypon, the oonsaU ordanis the 
same to be allowit to him in his comptis. 

25th Javmoiyt 1597. 

The quhilk day, the prouest, bailleis, and connsell, vpon the 
Bupplicatioun presentit to thame be Dauid Andersone, yonger, 
bering that he hade devysit ane instrument, of his awin in- 
gyne, to draw and mak dyellis or sone horolages, and that he 
wes willing to mak ane on the foirwall of the said burgh, 
quhilk suld schaw houris verie justlie be the sone, with euery 
moneth of the yer, the langest, schortest, and equinoctiall 
dayis ; and quhen the same suld be perfytit and endit, he wald 
refer his recompance for his panis and labouris to the guid dis- 
cretioun of the prouest, bailleis, and counseU, and at their 
plesour; quhilk being red in counsell, and considderet ad- 
vysedlie, thocht the desyir of the said supplicatioun resonable, 
and allowit of the said Dauidis intentioun, ordering him to 
proceid in the perfyting, ending, and vpputting of ane dyell 
or sone horolage one the tolbuyith, on sic pairt thairoff as salbe 
thocht meit and expedient ; and thaireftir the said Dauid to be 
recompensit for his pane and verk, according to the dignitie 
and sufficience thairof, be the guid discretioun and considera- 
tioun of the prouest, bailleis, and counsall. 

24ith Apnl, 1698. 

The said day, the prouest and bailleis ratef eis and approvis 
the act and statut maid obef oir that na burgess of gild of this 
burght sail wear bleu bonattis, wnder the pane of ane unlaw of 



X£0 

fyre ptindis, and inthnat the said ordinasioe to the toim con* 
yenit this day. 

4^A October, 1698. 

Folowis the statutes maid and sett donn this day be the pro* 
nest, baillies, and connsall of the bnrgh of Abirden, to be 
kepit and observit be the inhabitantis theirofi snbieot 
thexmto, efter the forme and tenoor of the same, in all 
poyntis, qnhill the feist of Michaehnes nizt to omn, vnder 
the panis thairin contenit. 

In the first, the prooest, baillies, and oonnsall ratefeis, af- 
f ermes, and approves the gnde and godlie statute maid obefoir 
be their predicessoris, anentthe keping of the sermones on the 
Sabboth and rlk dayee, boring that all maisteris of honshanldis 
within this bnrght sail repair to thair paroohe kirkis, keip and 
obseme the sermones on the Sabboth day, als weill eftemone 
as af oimone, and also the sermones on the vlk dayes, and not 
depairt theirf ra vnto the end theirof , vnder the panis f ©lowing, 
to be vpliftit of the oontravenaris, sa oft as they be noted and 
convict for thair absence fra the said sermones ; that is to say, 
of enerie honshalder, bnrges of gild, or his wyff, remaning fra 
the sermones on the Sabboth day, threttene s. four d. ; and 
of everie frie craftisman or his w^ remaning fra the sermones 
on the Sabboth day, sex s. viii. d. ; and everie bnrges of gild 
for his remaning fra the sermones on the vlk dayes, sex s. 
viii. d. ; and everie craftisman for his remaning fra the ser- 
mones on the vlk dayes, thrie s. fonr d. ; and that everie 
husband and maister of houshald salbe answerabill for his 
wyff, incace of her absence frae the sermones, and pay the vn- 
law incurrit be hir theirf or; and everie craftisman to be 
answerabill for his servandis and prenteissis, that they sail 
keep the sermones on the Sabboth day, vnder the pane ci ane 
vnlaw of thrie s. four d., to be incurrit be the maister for his 
servand or prenteis, that beis absent on the Sabboth day ; and 
lykvayes, f olowing the exampill of vther weill ref ormit oongre- 
gationis of this realme, statutis and ordanis that the wyffs of 
all burgessis of gild, and of the maist honest and substantions 
craf tismen of this burght, sail sitt in the middest and bodie of 
the kirk in tyme of sermone, in all tyme cumming, and not in 
the syd ilis, nor behind pilleris, to the effect thay may the 
mair easilie sie and hear the delyverer and preicher of the 
word ; and siclyk ordanis, that the women of the rankis for- 
said, sail repair to the kirk, everie ane of thame having ane 
olock^ as the nudst decent and enmlie ytter ganneiit, and not 



m 

with playdis as hes bene freqnentlie vslt ; and that everie and 
of thame lykvayes sail hawe stnillis, sa monie as maj commo- 
diouRlie hawe the same, according to the decent forme observit 
in all ref ormit bnrrowiSi and congregations of this realms j 
and that the brether of gild salbe answerabill for thair ser- 
▼andis anent the keping of the kirk on the Sabboth day. 

Uth March, 1598. 

The prayer to be said Tpon the day of the electioon of the ma* 
gistrattis of Abirdene bef oir the electionn theirof . 

Etemall and everhering God, qnha hes created mankynd to 
Bodetie, in the qnhilk thon that is the Qod of order and haittis 
conf nsionn, hes appoynted sum to rewll and goyeme, and 
ythers to be governed, and for this cans he hes sett donn in 
thy word the nottis and markis of sic as thon hes appoynted 
to beir govemament, lykas of thy gryt mercie thou hes gathered 
ns to be ane of the famous and honorabill burghtis in this 
kingdome, and hes reservit to ws this libertie, yeirlie to cheia 
our counsaU and magistrattis, we beseoh the for thy Ghrystia 
sake, seing we are presentlie assembled for that purpois, be 
present in the middist of ws, fumeis ws with spirituall wis- 
dome, and direct onr hartis in sic sort, that all coreupt affec- 
tionis being removed, we may cheice bayth to be counsell and 
magistrattis for the yeir to cum, of onr brethrene f ering Gk>d, 
men of knawledge, haitteris of avarice, and men of courage 
and actioun, that all our procedingis heirin may tend to thy 
glorie, to the weill of the haill inhabitantis of this bnrght, and 
we may have a gude testimonie of conscience befoir the. 
Grant ws, deir Father, theas our requestis, for Ghryst thy 
Sonnes saik, in quhais name we pray to the as he hes teichit ws. 
Our Father quhilk art in heaven, &o. &c. 

Ua July, 1599. 

The said day, the prouest, baillies, and counsall ordanis 
Dauid Fergussoun, thesaurer, to deburse and pay to Mr. George 
Greir, minister, the soume of f ourtie pundis money, for macking 
of his ezpenssis in cumming to this towne from Edinburgh, at 
the desire of the counsall, to the effect the inhabitantis of this 
burght micht hear his doctrine, and for macking of his ezpenssis 
bak agane to Edinburgh, quhilk salbe allowit to the said thes- 
saurer in his comptis ; and lykvayes ordanis Mr. Peter Blak- 
bume, minister, to be irememberit for the interteneing of the 
said Mr. George this ten or zii. dayes past in the said Mr. 
Peteris hous. 



lMJmmmm,Vm. 



ThfB wM 6Kf, bk pre— ice of Alezf Safliefted, 
eomperit ThomM Lone in the Orcstoiiii of l^T^ fdnunddll 
M the Mid ThomM hes bene Mcosit of becmg of wpraxdM, and 
wmrerSflff o fi e nijm ee fm Ins wyif^ Ian™, and fainelie, be the 
fpeoe cfwewin Tlkii,nodit knawin to thame nor to anj Tther 
pcnoim qidiab he hM bene dnzing the said space, thaizfor the 
•aid Tbomaa ftijthfiillie buid and oblegit hrfnuelfr, that incaoe 
fn OD^ tyme heireftir he be fund paHBrng avay frcBk his wjfl^ 
balmiji, and fameHe, in tic sort, bj hir koawledge, and except 
he mak hir or rtheris his frejndia f craene of Mb aya j paaaing^ 
and of the erand, to qnhat place and to qahome, that in that 
cace he lall be content, hut onj f order tzyall, to snflBr the 
death M ane giltie peraonn, dealer with qxseittia. 

22d Mag, 1600. 

The qnhilk da j, the p roir e g t and bailUea, Tpoon dyrene and 
tindrie complaTntifl maad and gewin in bef oir thimie, agania 
the inhabitantU of the fiacharis of Fnttie, for the Trangfons and 
Tnfnat away tacking and cutting of the towis and coardellia of 
ichippia, boittia, and craria, cnming to the heayin of thia bnrgh, 
to the gryt hurt and henderanoe c^ sic strang^eria aa repairia to 
the aamen, and aicljk of the towia and cordellia pertening to 
the maiateria of the aaidia boittia of Fnttie : for remeid thairof , 
hea atatute and ordanit that gif ony inhabitant of the aaid tonne 
c^ Fattie, man or woman, aall be foond or apprehendit in the 
rrangona cutting, mailing, and intrometting with ony towia, 
cordellia, or Ttheria gnidia or geir forth of schippis, craria, or 
boittia, repairing to the herbrie of thia burght, or fra the 
nichtbonria boittia within the aaid towne of Futtie, that the 
peraonn oonyict thairof , and found giltie of the same, after his 
lanohf nil conyictioon, sail be bund to ana staik within the floode 
merk during the apace of thre houris, quhill the water flow 
round about him, and thairaftar the persoun sa conyict aall be 
tane and acourgit throohe the haill towna, and thairefter 
baneiat of the burght of Aberdeine, fredome of the aamen, and 
of the aaid tonne of Futtie, for euer. 

22d September, 1601. 

The aaid day, the prouest, baiUias, connsall, and auditouris 
of the townia oomptia, remembering the labouria and travellia 
takin be Maiater Thomaa Oargill, maiater of the Grammar 



1S8 

School of this bnrght, in macking of aae treatise in latin con* 
gratulating his Mi^estie's delyuerie, for his Grace's presema- 
tionn fra the lait conspiracie attemptit aganis his hienes 
persoun, be nmqnhill the Erll of Gowrie, oonteining sum com- 
memoratioun of this bnrghis antiqnitie and previlegis, grantit 
thainmto be his Majestie's predicessonris, qiihilk he dedicat to 
this burght, thairf or ordanit the sowme of tuentie pnndis to be 
gevin to the said Mr. Thomas, for gratef eing of his panis taJdn 
in the said mater, to be pajit to him be Alex' Bnmett, maister 
of the impost, &o, 

dth OotoleTy 1601. 

The samen daj, the prouest, bailleis, and cormsall ordania 
the sowme of threttie-tna merlds to be gevin to the kingis ser- 
yandis presentlie in this bnrght, qnha playes comedies and 
staige playes, be reasonn thay ar recommendit be his majestie*a 
speciall letter, and hes played snm of thair comedies in this 
bnrght, and ordanis the said sowme to be payit. 

7th Apnl, 1602. 

The qnhilk day, anent the snpplicationn gevin in this day to 
the prouest, baillies, and comisell be Marjorie Yrqnhart, berand 
that scho hes bene ane anld inhabitant within this borght, and 
now by the providens of Grod becom agit and weak, and throw 
coTirs of natur nocht liklie to leve lange, albeit thir mony yeris 
scho haid nocht mekill geir to snstene hirselff one, yit navayes 
burdenable to the toun nor counsell, desyring therfor qnhen it 
suld pleise Grod to call hir fra this lyff, scho may hawe hir 
bodye and banes bureit within the sowth yle of the new kirk 
thairoff, and that f relie of thair guidnes, becans his ezecutonris 
wald nocht haue mekill geir to pay for hir bnriall : qnhilk snp- 
plicationn they fonnd ressonabill, and ordanit hir to hane hir 
bnriall place within the said iyle, bnt payment of ony dewtie 
therfor to the maister of kirk, qnhairanent thir presentis sail 
be his varrand. 

4ih August, 1602. 

The said day, the pronest, baillies, and connsall, considering 
that the act of his Difojestie's parliament, maid in the moneth of 
November, the yeir of God j" and sex hnndreth yeris, the fyft 
day of Angnst is appoyntit to be kepit yeirlie in all tyme cnm- 
ming for pnblict preitching and solemne thankisgeving to Gk)d 
for the mervellows delywerie qnhilk his Maiestie ressanit fra 



IM 

the IkOffibte mtirtliotir attemptit agaaifl his Uenes, 1>6 vrnqoliill 
the Erll of Gowrie, and Mr. Alex' Bnthyen, his brnther, vpon 
the fyft day of AngoBt, the yeir of Qod j*^ and sex hundroth 
yeris; thairf or ar^nia the haill inhabitantis of this bnrght, 
baith men and wemen, to be wamit be the drum passand throw 
the haill rewis of the towne, to keip the sermonis the mome in 
the paroohe kirk of this bnrgh, bayth af oir and efter none, 
and ordanis the meroat crooe to be hnng» and the wyne and 
spyoerie to be dmnkin. and spent thairat, tmd a nnmer of 
glasses to be brockin and cassin, in signe and tokin of thair 
reiosing hartis, for his Maiestie's preservation, and ordanis the 
thesanrer to fnmeis the wyne, spycerie, and glassis, in sio 
qnantitie, and in sio decent and cumlie maner, as may stand 
with the townis honour, and the expenssis to be debursit be 
the said theianrer thairon, to be aUowit to him in his 
comptis, 

80^;^ March, 1608^ 

The qnhilk day, the prouest, baillies, and oonnsall, having 
this day ressawit snirintelligenoe, be the declarationn of James 
Ghalmer, ane of his Maiestie's domestickis, . that the Qnene of 
Ingland depairtit this present lyff vpon the tuentie f onrt day 
of Marche instant, and that immecUatlie thairefter, vpon the 
samen day, his Maiestie, onr Eyng and Souerane, wes pro- 
clamit and declarit Kyng of Ingland, as riohteons air and 
snccessonr thairof to hir Maiestie, boith be hir Maiestie's awin 
letter will and testament, as also be the nobilitie and coimsall 
of Ingland ; thairfor inrespectof thirglaidtydingis, hes thocht 
meit and expedient to signifie and devnlgat the same to the 
haill people, that all the inhabitantis of this bnrght may prais 
Qod for his grations and merveUous proyidence in the wark 
forsaid, and for this effect ordanis the haill towneto be wamit, 
be sound of trumpet and drum, to assemble instantlie in thair 
paroche kirke, and thair gif thankis and prasis to Gk)d for the 
forsaid glad tydingis of his Maiestie's preferment, sucoessioun, 
and electioun to the kingdome of Ingland ; and efter the ending 
of thankisgeying, and of the exhortatioun, ordanis bone-fyris to 
be sett on throcht all the streittis of the towne, the haill bellis 
to ring, the croce to be deckit and hung, the wyne and spycerie 
to be spent abundantlie thairat, a numer of glasSis to becassin, 
and the haill youthis of the towne to tak thair hagbuttis and 
accumpanie thair magistrattis throcht the haill rewis of the 
towne, pas the tyme in schuting thair muskattis and hagbutis 
till lait at nioht, the townis haill mynitioun and artailzerie to 
be ohargit and-i^hott, and all godUe imzniies aaMl^paB<7i&» 



Tsit, that may ezpres the joy and glaidnes of tli» hMtui 6t the 
people, and ordanis the deane of gild and thesaurer to f umeis 
the wyne, spycerie, and glassis, to the erand forsaid, in all 
decent and ctunlie former and the expenssit to be debtmit be 
thame thaironi the oouneall ordanis the lame to' be aUo^t in 
their oomptis. 

Ut May^ 1605. 

The said day, the anld and new coonsallis findis it expedient, 
devysit, and ordanit, that the hons callit the kirk ludge at the 
north vest end of the kirkyardbe betit and repaint snffloientlie 
be Danid Andersoun, maister of kirkwark, in all conyenient 
dUigenoe, and that the same he devydit in thrie honssis, to the 
effidct the same may serae for haulding of the sangschooll, and 
the twa Inglis schooUis, teichit be the twa reidaris, or for any 
Tther Yse the connsall sail think expedient, it being alvayes ex- 
preslie provydit, that albeit the oonnsall at the present 
appointis the f orsaid ludge for haulding of the saidis sohooUis, 
yet the towne sail navayes be bund to find any sohooll to any 
maister quhatsumever that teichis Inglische, induring the will 
and plesure of the oounsaU, seeing the toune ar onlie obleist to 
find a grammer sohooll and ane sang sohooll and na^ayea to 
find ony Inglische schoollis, sa that it sail be lesum to the 
oonsall to remote the saidis Inglis sohooll forth of the pairt 
f orsaid quhen thay sail think expedient, and the expenssis to 
be disbursit be the said maister of wark in repairing <^ the 
said kirk ludge, the oonnsall ordanis the same to be allowit to 
him in his oomptis. 

26^ Fehrwtry^ 1G06. 

The samyn day, anent the bill gewin in be Alexr. Dauidson, 
tymber man in Sanct Androis, mackand mentioun that he hes 
agreit with the honest men that hes bocht the Wod of Drum 
for als me^U tymber as will big ane bark, quhilk bark he 
intendis, God willing, to big within this towne, and becaus the 
kirkyard of the Trinitie Freris, quhilk is filthilie abusit be mid- 
dingis, is the maist meit and convenient place for bigging of 
the said bark, he humblie desyred for sic service as he mioht 
do to the towne, that he may hawe licence and guidwill of that 
rowme for bigging of the said bark, seing the tymber is redie 
in ane flott to cum to this burght, how sone the watter growis, 
as at mair lenth was contenit in his said bill ; quhairanent the 
prouest, baillies, and counsall advysing, they fund the desire 
thairof verie reasonable, and ({vaatit and ^s^!^^ Vi!i«»Kft\f^'^^ 



126 

Raid Alezr. Danidsoon to big hiz sohip in the pairt f orsaid, viz., 
in the said Trinitie Freris kirkjard, conf orme to the desyre of 
the said supplicationn, and for that effect oidanis all these qnho 
hes laid middingis in the said kirkjaird or thairabont, to re« 
mowe and tak avay the same within anght dayes nizt efterthe 
dait hereof, ynder the pane of ane vnlaw of fyne merkis, to be 
yplifted of the persone f ailzeand, and ordanis intimationn to be 
maid heirof to these qnho hes the saidis middingis at the pairt 
forsaid. 

lOth March, 1606. 

The said day, pnblicationne and intimationne wes maid be 
Abraham Cnik, belman, passand throw the haill streitis and 
rewis of the tonne, at command of the prouest and baillies 
therof , that na inhabitant of this bnrght, man nor woman, pre- 
sume nor tak ypon hand to eat onie fiesc^e dnring the tyme of 
Lent, nather yit on Wednisday, Fryday, nor Seterday thair- 
ef ter, in na tyme onming, ynder the panes contenit in his Ma- 
iestie's actis andproclamationnes maid thiaranent ; and that na 
fleschar nor bncheour within this bnrght presimie to sell onie 
flesche duering the tyme of Lentrone ; and that na tavemar 
nor hostilar within the samen mak onie flesche reddie during 
the said tyme of Lentrone, nather yit on Wednisday, Friday, 
nor Seterday, in na tyme thairefter, ynder the panes contenit 
in the saidis actis and proolamatiounes ; and lykwayes, that all 
persones haweand onie middingis, stanes, or red of houssis, 
on the streitis or getis of this tounci to remoye and put the 
same away, within f ourtieaucht houris, ynder the pane of f onitie 
schillings to be yplif tit of the contrayenar, awner of the said 
midding and red, to be payit to the deane of gild efter lawful 
oouyictioune. 

26th December^ 1606. 

The said day, the prouest, baillies, and counsell, considering 
that the festering of monie and gryt yices, and sundrie abuses 
and enormities quhilk hes bene commitit within this burght, be 
persones of all sortis in tyme bygane, has bene the selling and 
yenting of wyne, aill, and beir, be the hostilaris and tayemaris 
at all houris of the nycht, to thegryit dishonour of this burghe, 
againes all ciyill ordour within sJl yther well-goyemit com- 
moun weillis, for remeid thairof , hes statute and ordaneit, with 
consent of the haill toune this day conyenit, that it sail not be 
lesum to onie hostilar, tayemax, oryinter of wyne, aill, or beir, 
to sell or rent onie wynoi tdlli or beir, fr^ ten houris at nicht 



127 

f urfch, at the quhilk hour niclitlie the colledge bell within this 
biirghe sail ring, efter the ringing qnhairof , gif oniepersone, man 
or woman, salbe f and or apprehendit gangandvponthestreitisor 
calsajes of this burghes, except sio persones as salbe knawin 
and tryit be the magistratis to haif necessarie eirandis, that 
the tavemar and hostilar selling wyne, aill, or beir, efter the 
said hour of ten of the nicht, and ringing of the said ten hour 
bell, being tryit and convict thairfor, sail incur and be adjndgit 
in ane ynlaw of fyye pnndis, efter convictionn, totiea quoHeas 
and, lykwajes, that it snld nawajes be lesnm to onie tayemari 
or hostilar, to sell onie wyne, aill, or beir, in tyme of preiching, 
or prayeris on the Sabboth day, under the pane of fyre pandas, 
to be payit to the deane of gild efter lawf all oonyiotioun, totieB 
quoties, 

7ih October^ 1607. 

The quhilk day, anent the humble supplicatioun gevin in to 
the prowest, baillies, and counsall be Edwi^ Diggens, Englisch- 
man, crareing libertie to teache the youthe witldn this burghe 
in wreitting and arithmetik, for the space of thrie moneths 
allanerlie nizt efter the dait heirof , promeising in that space 
at farest to leime the youthe a sufficient habite of a legible 
hand, they resorting to him four houris at least in the day, and 
to teache the poore for Godis sakci and the ritohe for reasone, 
and nothing to be payit except they be profited, as at gryit 
lenth wes contenit in his said supplicatioun, quhairwith the 
counsell being advysit, and having sene sufficient and famous 
testimoniallis f ra Glasgow, Dumf reis, and dyvers utheris pairtis, 
not onlie of the saidis Edwardis guid lyif and conversatioun, 
bot also of his f ruitf ull and profitable travellis amongis thame, 
in instructing of thair youthe to wreit fair and perfyitlie, and 
haveing sene also dyvers ezamplaris and paperis of his hand 
wreit, findis him verie qualifiet to teache the youth in ymting, 
and thairf oir be thir presentis grantis libertie and licence to 
the said Edward to tak vp a writting schoole in this burghe, for 
instructing of the youth in writing and arithmetik allanerlie, 
nixt efter the date heirof, provydingthathe teiche his scolleris 
onlie to wreit and in arithmetik, and no vtherwayes, and that 
the scolleris exceid the aige of ten yeiris. 

9th Auguity 1609. 

The said day^ the prowest, baillies, andoounsall, vnderstand- 
ing that be reasoun of diverse complainttis, gewin in aganis 
the baimis and sooleris of the gramer and ma^ «QbnRk\&^ ^ 



l28 

this btiTglie» for tmbling and striking of the Bcrwiaidis of di- 
nerse niohtbonris within the samyn, vsing of gryt diaordoiir 
and enormitieB thairin and abont the bnrghe, for ayoiding 
thaarof , oidanit Maister Dauid Wedderbnme, maister of the 
gramer BohooU, and F&trik Danidsonn, maister of the sang 
schoU, and al Ttheris snooeeding to be madsteris of the said 
schoolliSi that they ressaue nor admit na man sone^ dwelling to 
landward, to thair saidis schoollis in tyme cnming, qnhill the 
parent of the beme, or sum vther f reind or burgess of this 
bnrgh, cum, in presens of ane of the baillies therof , and find 
cantioune and sonrtie actit in the tounis builds, that the said 
bame and scoller sail nawais repyne to the ordoor and diaoi- 
pline of the maister, nor yet tmbUe be way of ddd, man nor 
Toman, maister or serwand within this bnrgh, or ontwith the 
same, sa lang as thay remaine scoleris in ony of the saidis tna 
Bchollis, ynder the palmer of the saidis maisteris, vnder the 
pane of f oortie pnndis, less or mair, according to the g^retie 
of the fait, and habiliiie of the parent of the scholer oftending. 

4>th December^ 1612. 

The said day, the prorest, baillies, new and atild cocmsallis, 
with the bishop and ministrie, being convenit in the coonsal- 
hons, and adnysing qnhat punishement salbe infiictit Tpone the 
Bchollaris of the gramer schooll, sang schooll, and writting 
sohooll of this bnrght, quha notwithstanding that thay had 
fonnd cautionne befoir, that nane of thame sonld tadc the 
schooll nor repyne to the discipline of thair maisteris in tyme 
comeing, ilkajie ynder the paine of twentie pnndis, yit not 
obstant thairof, thay ypone the first day of December instant, 
had tackin the sang scnill, keippit and hanldin the same, with 
hagbnttis, pistollis, swordis, and lang wapynnis, till yesterday 
at ef ter nowne, that the magistratis wer compelit, be reason A 
the great insolencies, ryottis, and oppressionis, committit be 
the saidis schollaris, to tack and apprehend thame perforce ont 
of the said school, and committ ane number of thame to waird 
within the tolbuith of this burghe, quhill ordour sould be put 
to thame for thair saidis insolencies : efter reassoning and ma- 
ture deliberatioune, takin in the said mater, thay all in ane 
Yoyce f and, vottit, concludit, and ordanit, that the cautionaris 
of euerie ane of the saids schollaris that hes takin 
the scuill salbe callit and convenit befoir the prouest and 
baillies of this burghe, to heir and sie thameselffis docemit to 
haue inourrit the said pane and vnlaw of twentie pundis for 
ilk sohollaTi that has ooatraremt the said act of caationanei 



189 

and deoEfiiii xec av e aa i agms thame thaarfoir, asid the mid paise 
to be preaiBUe Tpliftit of ilkane of the oauticmariBj and applyxti 
to tlxe oammoim weill of this bvrghe, and vepairing of ekaithe 
and loBseanstemt Jm this bnxght and nioiitboims thaieaf , he the 
tacMog of the said souill ; and lykwayis^ conohidit and ordonitj 
that sa mony of the sohdlaris that has taddn the soniU^ viz.: 
Alexander Gardonne, sone to Mr. Willeame Oordeiine of Tolfi- 
grieg ; Alexander Gardomne, sone of James Gordoone of Lis- 
moir ; Johnne Innes, sone to Alexander Innes of Ooltis ; He?r 
Cnjnmyng^ brother to the Laird of Colter; John Johnstonn, 
sone to Bobert Johnstonn at Kajesmyline ; Willeame Frasyr, 
sone to [ 3 I^rasyr off [ 3 * Thomas and Oeo^ 

GordonneSi btether to the Laird of Ohmj^ WiBeame Ohahner, 
scoie to [ 3 Ohabuer of Balnaoraig; Wffleame Settonn, 

sone to TmqnhiU Mr. Alexander Settonn ; Johnne Forbes^ sone 
to the pryoir of Monymusk ; Willeame Leslie, sone to ymqnhill 
George Leslie, bnrges ^of Abirdene ; Johnne Lrving, sone to 
vmquhill Gilbert Irving of CoUairlie ; James Ogilvy, sone to 
Willeame Ogilvy of Baldewy ; Alexazider OnucksGhank, sone to 
Fatrik Cmiksohank in Ardiffrie ; Alexr. Norie, sone to vm- 
qnhill Willeame Nocie of that Uk ; Alexander Forbes, sone to 
Alexr. Forbes of Feingzes ; Johnne Meldmm, sone to [ 3 

Meldmm of [ 3 S Jaines Oambell, sone to the Oommissar 

of Livemess ; Alexander Irving, sone to Willeame Irving in 
the Hime ; Bobert Faiqnharsone, sone to Johnne Faronhar- 
sone of Inverchald; salbB presently exdlndit and put forth oC 
all the scniUis of this bnrghe, and nevir ane of them to be ad- 
mittit nor ressanit in ony sohniU or oolledge of this bnxghe in 
any tyme heirefter; and that oantiann be foond be ilkane of 
the saidis rebellions soholleris, that this bnrghe, and the haill 
inhabifcautis thairof , salbe hannles and skaathles of thame, and 
ilkane of thame, and on nov^ayis to be tmblit nor molestit in 
thair bodies or goodis, be any of the saidis sohoUens, in any 
tyme comeing, ytherwayis nor be ordoor of lavr, vnder the 
paine of fonxtie pnndis to be payit for ilkaae of the saidis 
BohoUeris contraveinand the premissee. 

"OonfonBe" to this ** ordinance ** sundiy seonities weza 
entered into ; and, further — 

The said day, the provest, baillies, and eonnsall reassoning 
anent the ordonr to be taken be the maistris of schnllis of this 
bnrghe, for repressing and stenoheing in tyme comeing of the 
insolenoies and disordonris that falls out almaist yeirlie within 
this bnrghe, be tacking of the schuill about the 8uperatitio\\& 
tyme of Tnill, qohilk hes cheiflie pcoQd<3i\>\)^X^ ^^^aiSea^s^ ^ 

1^ 



180 

the xnaisteris in ezeroeisixig disoipline on thair BohoUariSi oon- 
tenewis the donnesettrng of the sad ordonr till the ooansaU be 
f order adnysit, and in the meantime Gilbert Lesliei maister of 
the writting sonilli being present, promesedt for his pairt to be 
oomptabill and answerabiU to the magistrattis and oonnsall for 
all his schollaris that ar presentlie within his scaill, that they 
saJl keip and observe gold ordonr, and be obedient to the dis- 
cipline in tjme oomeing, and to refonnd sick indemnitie and 
skajth as the tonne sail ressaue be anj of his present sohol- 
laris, and as for sick schollaris as sal happin him heirefter to 
ressane in his scnill, he promessit nocht to ressane any within 
the samen frae this day f nrthe, till first they find cautionn, in 
sick forme as salbe ii^joynit to thame be the oonnsall, mder 
the paine of deprivatioon of him of his oJQIoei inoaoe he f ailze 
heiron. 

31^ Jv^, 1616. 

The qnhilk day, the haill tonn being oonvenit this day 
within the tolbnith, conf orme to the warning maid to thame 
for that effect be the hand bell, Thomas Mengzeis, prowest, 
ezponit and declarit to thame that his Maiestie haid indicted a 
nationall assemblie to be haldin at this bnrgh, the thretteine 
day of Angust nizt to cnm, qnhairat thair wald be a giyte re- 
sort of peopill of all estates within this kingdome, alsweill of 
the biscoppis and clergie, as of erles, lordis, barronis, and oom- 
missioneris of bnrrowis, thairfoir desyrit the nyohtbonris, 
convenit as said is, to prepair thair houssis with all sort of 
yictnaUis and furniture necessar for interteaniement of his 
Maiestie's liegis repairing to the said oonventionn, and that 
ewerie inhabitant of this bnrght keip the calsie and streitt 
cleine of any kynd of middingis, read, or stanes bef oir thair 
yettis, stairis, and dwelling housses, and hald the same oleine 
and read during the haill tyme of the said conyentionn, ilk 
persone f ailzeing theirin to incur the vnlaw of fywe ponndis % 
as also, that ewerie nichtbour, according to his awin degrie, be 
honestlie appariellit during the tyme of the said assemblie, 
and that thialr wyffis repair to the kirk and streitis with dokis^ 
and not with playddis, as they ar frequentlie in vae to do. 

l%th Febnuury^ 1617. 

The qnhilk day, Thomas Meingzeis, prowest, intimat to thtt 
toun, convenit this day be the handbell, ane missine letter di- 
rect to the magistrattis of this burght, from the lordis of his 
Mmeati^ privie counsall| ^qnhilk letter wee 0{>pinlie red in 



181 

presence of the haill taane> oonvenit as said is, qnhaxrof the 
tenonr f ollowis : To our richt traist freyndis, .the prowest and 
baillieB of Aberdeine: after our werie hartie oozmnendationiSi 
whereas, the Eingis MaiestiOi at his oomeing to this kingdome 
(God willing), this approoheing spring, will haue oooasionn to 
remayne some certone space about Mnnrewmonth for his sport 
and game, it is lyke anengh that if the necessitie of his prinoelie 
effeiris and adois will not suffer him to oome f order uorthe, 
that yitt divers of his tryne and f ollowaris, espeoiallie noble- 
men and vtheris of rank and qualitie, out of thair curiosity to 
visite the principall pairtis and cheiff burrowis of this Idng- 
dome, will tak purpos to come to that toune, whilk being one 
amongis the best of accompt in this cuntrie, his Maiestie is so 
muche the more caref ull that all thingis be so ordourHe pre- 
pairit thair, that nather may thair appeir ony markis of ind- 
vilitie nor tackynnis of penurie and scant amongis you ; and 
thairf oir, by his Maiesties expres command and directioun, we 
ar to recommend you that the ludgings in your toune be pre- 
pairit in the most handsome, civile, and comelie order that can 
be, with good bedding, weele washine andweele smellitnaprie, 
and with good cleiae and cleir weshell, and of sufficient lakge- 
nes, that thair be sufficient provisioun of viueris for men and 
horse, that your streets and vennels be kept clene, and that no 
filthe nor middingis be seine ypon the same $ and in spedall, 
that the commoun way betuizt your toune and the Auldtoun 
be keept clene, and that you giwe present ordour for remowe- 
ing and balding of all middingis at the same, becaus the same 
is not onlie his Maiesties hie way to the Auldtoun, whair the 
consistorie sittis, and whairvnto all the memberis of that judi- 
catorie, and pairtyis haueing to do thair, doeth daylie repair, 
bot the strangeris whilks wiU repair to your towne at that 
tyme, will be curious to see the colledge, churche, and otheris 
monumentis in the Auldtoun ; and last, during that aboade of 
the strangeris amongis yow, thair be no beggaris seene vpoun 
your streitis, nor about your portis, and recommending all thir 
premissas to your consideratioun and performance, as speciall 
pointis concerning the credite and reputatioun of your towne, 
besydis his Maiesties singular contentment and plesure, we 
bid you hartelie f areweele. From Edinburgh, the zvL day of 
Januar, 1617, your werie assuiried goqde freyndis, Al. Canoel- 
larius, Binning, Scone, Gteorge Hay, G. Murray. Quhilk 
letter being opinlie red, the said Thomas Mengzeis, prowest, 
desyrit the towne, convenit as said is, to conf orme thame selffis 
to the desyre thairof in all thingis, as suld be paxtvcvsLiAai^^^ \s\^ 
joyned to thame be thair magistrattiB, q]ai!lc^^TOTc\fiA&\» cjvy^^c^^:;^ 



nth Mfirp^^ \^}B. 

TiieqnMlkday, anent the empplioationn giwen in be John 
Dftnidsonej eldest lanohfall sone to Johne Dauidsone, maltmani 
burgis .q& this bnrghty makand mentionn that sen the tyme he 
come frome the mnsick sohoole, he hes bestowit his tyme in 
senrioe with his maister^ Thomas Myhie, virginall maokcfr, 
quhome he hes seruit sein jeiris as psenteis, and thrie yeiris 
Bepsyne as a feit servanda as his indenture and discharge thair- 
wponn prc^ortis, and now haning learned the said calling, and 
being pniposed (Qod willing) to dueU and mak his residence in 
this his natine toon, he ihMrf oir desyrit the connsall to admitt 
him f rieman for vsing and exercising his said oaJiing) and to 
respect his meane estate, in that he hes not present moyen to 
pay for his friedome, as at mair length wes conteniit in Ms sa^ 
Bi^plicationn, qahairwith the connsell being adwysit, and 
haning seine and considderit his maisterstic^, ei^bite b^kdr 
thame, to witt, a |>air of virginallis, and thairwith oonsiddering 
that the said calling is not vnder a deacone, being bot la^e 
put in practice within this bnjrght be Uie said Thomas Mylne 
his maister, qnha compeirand personallie bef oir the connsall, 
gawe his approbationn to the said maisterstick as enffident 
warkmansldp, thairf oir the counsaU hes admittit and resaued 
the said Johne Dauidsone, frieman of this bnrght, tp Yse and 
ez^erce the said calling, in macking of virginaUis i^anarlie, and 
naforder, and that ^o^ witl^oot payn^ent of anyoomposi- 
tionn, in respect he is a buzgps soge, npt hauen moyen to pay 
for his fnedome, ax\d the said Johne gawe his ayihe aooording 
to the forme. 

The said day, inrespect the townis cQmmotm knockis, to 
witt, the kirk knok, tolbnyth knok, and college knok, ar ont of 
all hrame and ordoor, and ar nochib sni^cient and abill to serve 
the towne, pairtlie becans they ar anld and wome, and pi^irtlie 
for want of skilfuU men to attend thame, heirf oir it is thoclit 
meit that the magistrattis wreitt soi^thewith ail diligence, and 
try qnhair the best knockmaoker may be had, and cans bring 
liiTTi yponn the tonnis chargis to this bnrght, and Tisite the 
knokis thairof , that sic of thame as may be mendit be aooord- 
ingly done, and sic as will not mend, be maid new sa soone as 
the same can be conyenientlie gottin done, and Bobert Alexander, 
thesanrar, to debnrse heiron as he salbe directit be the magis- 
trattis, qnhiUds debursementis salbe alloifit to him in his 
oomptis. 



M 



The qnhilk d&y, aaent the peHtion ginen in to the prowest, 
baillies, and ooimsallj be Mr. Danid Wedderbnme, maister of 
the grammer schoole of this burgh, makand mentiotm that 
qnhidris thair wisdomes ezaotis a dewtie of him on the ane 
pairt, so it wiU not offend thame on the vther pairt that he be 
particular in reg^ting his estate, the trenth qnhairof is, hehes 
not ane stipend qnhilkmay enoonrage ane honest man to wa& 
in sio a toUlsnm calling with cheaiSnlness ; the mnltitnde of 
schooles everieqnhair, the bnrdine of a familie, nnknawin to 
him of befoir, the darth of the tyme, so cntteth away any litile 
tiiin^'lrhat U gottfai; that or the two pailrt of the qnktter be ez- 
pited, he seis evid^tlv no corMispOndensid betnizt his ezt^ 
ordinar payMs'ahd i^e otdtniu^ reiimrd ; thaltfob that it Wefld 
pisjff thair wisdomes, with qtlhal affectionh they T^d T^ighe 
i^e wark tb stand and f^ tatdWBxd, to sie also with the satde 
affbotionn how be honest nieflOieGr the Work inay be so yndir 
propp^tj that Without diffiGnltiet^ and lettis ane honest mian 
may bear out that Heavie panes dhhilk nrnst be vndertaMn f or 
the faithful! discharge of that calling ; and fOr this elBfect, aiid 
in regiard of his bypafit service, anii for the goOd pruiff of his 
tiBwelliB quhilk hes bei]^ pre^tiie geWin befor the Tisitbtiris 
of the sbhobles; they tHU'^e thet in snth ihei^ure he xhay liwe 
as Tther sohblaris in rther pfofeSjiidhis, a§ at niair leilgth t^s 
cbnl^hit in the said petition : qtillilk being red in counSoi, aiid 
thfdrwith the prowefirt;, b^li^, new and anld cOunsallis, being 
matur^Ue advbyfieit, efter gnde deliberatioun, they fiiid, for the 
reasonis abone mentionat, the said Mr. Dauid his present 
prouisioun for his sei^(^ and cHdrg^ f oirsaid, not to be cor- 
respondent to the.weyght and burdine of his labouris, and 
thairfoir, for snppliment and helpe of his means, whereas at 
the present he hes onHe ten schilUngisin the quarter of eyerie 
toi/mis baime for hia.salarie and s^olage, they ordain him to 
hawe thrietteme schillingis f our pennies quarterlie in all tyme 
ciim^h^ for eyerie tounis baime, quhilk salarie of thirettein 
sdulhngis four pennies for ilki;ounis bairne, togidder with the 
raid MTi Dauid, his present stipend of f ourscoir pundis peyit 
tb him yeirlie be the toun out of thair commoun gude, the 
p^owesL bailiieSj and coxmsall, declairis to be in* full satisfac- 
tioun.oi all stipend,, sdiolage, or any other benefit quhatsum- 
euir the said Mr. !Dauid may cra'v^e of the tonne, or of the 
tbunii9,^b^drnis, jPor Ins serwice as maister of thair granoner 
sohoote in ony tyme oomeing. 



i 



194 

ISih February t 1620. 

The samen day, the prowest, baillies, and ooiinsall, appoyntis 
Frayday, weiklie, in the morning, immediatly eftir the ending 
of the morning prayeris, for teaching the lessonn of hnmanitie 
in the college of this burght, and till farder adwyisement, 
ordanis the ane weik rethorick to be teachit, and the vther 
weik hmnanitie, ont of sic select anthoris as salbe inioyned, to 
begin on Frayday the tnentie-fyift of Februar instant, an dane 
edict to be servit for that effect on Sonday nixt, both at the 
kirk of this bnight, and the Anldtoim kirk and college. 

Gth June, 1621. 

The said day, the prowest, baillies, and oonnsall considdering 
the incinill forme of behaweonr of a great manye wemen in this 
bnrght, of gnde qnalitie, qnha resortis both to kirk and meroat 
with thair playddis abont thair headis, and be thair ezampill 
the meaner sort of wemen vses the samen forme of incivilitie, 
qnhilk gewis offence to strangeris and occasionn to thame to 
speik reprochefnllie of all wemen generallie within this bnrght ; 
for remeid qnhairof, it is statnte and ordanit that na wemen 
within this bnrght of qnhatsnmenir rank, qnaUtie, or degrie 
they be of, presvme or tak vponn hand to resort to kirk or 
mercat with thair playddis about thair heidis, vndir the paines 
following, to be exactit of the contravenar withont fauonr, 
toUes quoties : viz. xiii. sh. iiij. d. of the wyiff of ilk bnrges of 
gild, and sex sh. ancht d. of ilk craftisman, and this act to be 
intimat ont of the pulpit of baith the kirkis on Sonday nixt, 
and thaireftir to hawe effect and exeontionn in tyme comeing. 

2d October, 1622. 

The qnhilk day, it is statute be the prowest, baillies, and 
oonnsall, conyenit in the connsall hons, gif it sail happin any of 
thame to be absent frome connsall vponn the ordinar oonnsall 
day at the ordinar hour of meeting, qnhilk is Wedinsday everie 
weik at ancht honris in the morning, immediatlie eftir the 
ending of the morning prayeris, or at any vther extraordinar 
tyme when they salbe personallie wamit be ane officer to come 
te connsall, that the connsallonr absent withont ane lanohfnll 
excuse of seiknes or absence aff the toun, sail pay for ilk dayis 
absence, quhither it be on the ordinar connsall day, or at any 
vther extraordinar tyme quhen he salbe lauchfullie wamit, 
twelff schillingis, money vnf orgewin ; and farder, it is statute 
and ordazut that seoreioe be keipt of all matteris treated and 



115 

voted In oouBJUill, so ihhi nuie sail oppin nor reveill to any 
wliasoevir, except to a connsallour, what has been ather reasoned 
or voted be any member of the oonnsall, bot all snche matteris 
salbe keipt cloise and secreit, and heirwith the prowest, baillies, 
haill oomiaalli and cleiidB, hes btmd thame selffis be thair sworn 
ajtheis. 

2(Hh October^ 1623. 

The qnhilk day, the prowest, baillies, and oonnsall, haveing 
this day receaved snire adyerteisment that onr hopefnll Prince, 
Oharles, his Maiesties deare and onlie sone is hapilie retnmit 
(all praise be given to God) frome Spayne, qnhair he hes re- 
nainit these sevin or ancht monethis bygaine ; thairf oir, inre- 
B]>eot o£ these gade tydingis, ordanis to signifie and divulgat 
tie same to the haill people, that all the inhabitantis of this 
Vnrghe may praise God for his saiff and happie retnme ; and 
f)r this effect, ordainis the tonne to be wamit be sound of 
tnmipet at the croce, and be the dromme passand throw the 
htill streitis of the towne, to assemble thamselffis instantlie in 
thiir paroche kirk, and thair to give thankis and prais to Gk)d 
fox the said glad tydingis, and ef tir ending of the exhortationn, 
oroEdnis bone fyris to be put on throw idl the streitis of the 
torn, the haill bellis to ring, the croce to be deckit and hnng, 
twa peice of wyne, ane of quhyt and ane wther of claret, to be 
rwn thairat, with the sncconr and spyce in abnndance, a nnmber 
of gAssis tobecassin, and the haill yonthis of the tonne to tak 
thaii muskattis and accompanye thair magistrattis throw the 
haill rewis of the tonn, pass the tyme schniting thair muskatis 
till i\ be nicht, and all godlie mirrienes and pastyme vseit that 
may expres the joy and gladnes of the hartis of the people, and 
ordainis the deane of gild and thesanrer to funieis wyne, 
succour, and glassis, to the erand f oirsaid, as is aboue devyised, 
and the expenss to be debursit thairon, the oounsaU ordainis to 
be allcwit to thame in thair oomptis. 

18^^ February^ 1624 

The qnhilk day, the prowest, baillies, and connsall, consid- 
dering the great abuse laitlie croppin in within this burghe, be 
macking and haweing of superflous and costlie banqueting at 
the baptizeing of baimes, and be convocating of great numberis 
of people, both men and wemen, thairwnto, and haveing and 
vseing all sort of suocouris, conf ectiounes, spyceries, and desert, 
brocht frome f orane pairtis, besyid great superfluitie of venni* 
sone, and wyld meat of aU sorUs, exgco^Q -^-c^Sc^^^u^^^^^s^ 



!M!oleftM8f kwes ftadaotis of Fariiaonent) aact wi^ll,^%^lii^t)f 
exodssive andextraordmarie drinking and BoolHng, to €he oflRniee 
of God, the hurt of mennis bodies and goodes, and bringing in 
of evill example to the sclander of the tonne, namelie, in sioa 
caJamitons tyme when as God is yisiteS:% the whole land with 
darth and f amyne, and mony poore anes dieing and starveing at 
dyikkes and wndir staires for canld and hnnger ; for repressing 
and stancheing of the qnhilk afonse and disordonr, it is statute 
and ordanit, that no inhabitant within this bnrghe of qnhatso. 
enir rank, qnalitie, or degrie they be of, sail at any time heireftii 
invite any mae persones to be gossippis or ciunmeris to ^y o^ 
thair baimes, bot fonr gossippis, an^ fonr cmnmeris at ths 
maist, and that thair saJbe bot sex women at the maist invited, 
or employed to convoy the baime to and fra the kirk, natlur 
yit saU thairbe any mae persones invited to any denn^r, snpp<c, 
or eftimoones drink at a baptisme, bot sex men and sex women 
at the most ; and withall, ordanis, that nane presume to haiiB 
at thair banqnettis any kind of sncconr, spyoeries, droggis, xe 
conf ectionnes brocht frame pairtis beyond sea, nather yit a^y 
kynd of wyld meat, or bakin meat at thair baptismes, nor ^t 
to wse at any tyme any excessive drinking, or scoUing, or to 
vrge thair nichtbonris to wanght or scole farder nor tlair 
plesonr, wnder the pane of f onrtie pnndis money, to be inctrrit 
be ilk persone contravenand in any of the poyntis abone pro- 
hibited, toties quoUes, and to be payit to the deane of gild, and 
applyed wponn the tonnes commonn effairis, and ordalnis this 
act to be intimat pnblictlie &ome pnlpitt in both the kirlds of 
this bnrghe, that nane pretend ignorance thairof . 



EXTRACTS FROM SPALDING'S HISTORY OF THE 

TROUBLES IN SCOTLAND. 

THE BUBNING OF THB HOUSE OF FBElTOBAUaHT. 

1630. 

Upon the first of Jannary 1630, the laird of Frendranght and 
his complices fell in a trouble with William Gordon of Rothe- 
may and his complices, where the said William was unhappily 
slam^ being a gallani gentleman, and on Frendraught's side 
was slain George Gordcm, brother to James Gknrdon of Les- 
moir, and diveca others were hurt on both sides. The marqiii 
ot Kwati^Kod^aom^iKiL^BA tidf Uad, and 



117 

KrandnBoglit Ofdalned to pay to tlie lady vaUot of BoUiAMAy 
a&d the bairns, fiffy thonsand merks in compositioii of the 
slaughter, whilk as was said was tnily paid. 

Upon the 27th of September 1630, the laird of Frendranght 
havbig in his oompan^ Bobert Grightoim of Gandlan, and 
James Lesly, son to John Leely of Fltoaple, with some other 
servants, the said Bobert, after some speeches, shoots the said 
Jaanes Lesly through the arm. They were parted, and he 
oonYoyed to Pitoaple, and the other Frendranght shot oat of 
his company. 

Likeas Srendranght, upon the Sth of October, held oonf er- 
enoe with the earl of Murray in Elgin, and upon the mom he 
came to the Bog of Gight, where the marqnis made him wel- 
come. Pitcaple lonpe on about thirty horse in jack and spear 
(hearing of Frendranght's being in the bog); npon Thursday 
the 7th of October, and came to the marqnis, who before his 
coming had discreetly directed Frendranght to confer with his 
lady. Pitcaple heavily complains of the hurt his son had got 
in Frendranght's company, and rashly avowed to be revenged 
before he went home. The marqnis alleged Frendranght had 
done no wrong, and dissuaded him from any trouble. Pitcaple 
displeased with the marquis, suddenly went to horse, and that 
same day rides his own ways, leaving Frendranght behind him 
in the Bog, to whom the marquis revealed what conference was 
betwixt him and Pitcaple, aiid held him all that night, and 
would not let him g^. Upon the mom, being Friday, and a 
night of October, the marquis caused Frendranght to breakfast 
lovingly and kindly ; after breakfast, the marquis directs his 
dear son, viscount of Aboyn^ with some servants, to convoy 
Frendranght home to his own house, if Pitcaple was laid for 
him by the way ; John Gknrdon, eldest son of the late slam 
Bothemay, happened to be in the Bog, who would also go with 
Aboyn; they ride on wii^octt interrdptfon to the place of 
Frendranght, or sight of Pitcaple by the way. AboTii Ux^ 
his leave from the laird, but upon no condition he and his lady 
would not suffer him to go, nor none that was with him that 
night; but eamestly urged him (though againift his wHl), to 
bide. They were well entertained, supped merrily, and went 
to bed joyfully. The viscount was laid in an bed in the Old 
Tower gcdng off the haQ, and standing upon a vault, wherein 
there was an round hole, devised of old, just under Aboyn's bed. 
Bobert Gordon, bom in Sutherland, his servitor, and English 
Will his page, were both laid beside him in the same chamber; 
the laird d! Bothemay, with some servants beside him, was 
laid in an tipper dhamber Juift atooffe Aboj^ 



a&oilier room above tliftt oliamber^ was laid Geotgfe ClutlmeM 
of Notli and George Gordon anofcber of the Tisconnt's servants ; 
with them also was laid captain Bollock, then in Frendranght's 
own companj. Thns all being at rest, about midnight, that 
dolorous tower took fire in so sndden and fnrions maimer, yea 
and in an clap, that the noble yisoonnt, the laird of Bothemaj, 
English Will, Colonel Ivat, another of Aboyn's servants, and 
other two, being six in number, were cruelly burnt and tor- 
mented to the death without help or relief. The laird of 
Frendraught, his lady, and haill household, looking on, without 
moving or striving to deliver them from the fury of this fearful 
fire, as was reported. Bobert Gordon, called Sutherland Bobert, 
being in the viscount's chamber, escaped this fire with the life. 
George Chalmers and captain Bollock, being in the third room, 
escaped also this fire, and as was said, Aboyn might have saved 
himself also, if he would have gone out of doors, which he 
would not do, but suddenly ran up stairs to Bothemay's chamber, 
and wakened him to rise; and as he is wakening him, the 
timber passage and lofting of the chamber hastily takes fire, 
so that none of them could win down stairs again, so they 
turned to a window looking to the close, where they piteonsly 
cried, many time, help, help ! for God's cause ! The laird and 
the lady, with their servants, all seeing and hearing the woe- 
ful crying, made no help nor manner of helping, which they 
perceiving, cried oftentimes mercy at God's hands for their sins, 
syne clasped in other's arms, and chearfully suffered their 
martyrdom. Thus died this noble viscount, of singular ex- 
pectation, Bothemay a brave youth, and the rest, by this 
doleful fire never enough to be deplored, to the great grief and 
sorrow of their kin, parents, and haill common people, especially 
to the noble marquis, who for his good will got this reward. 
No man can express the dolour of him and his lady, nor yet 
the grief of the viscount's own dear lady, when it came to her 
ears, which she kept to her dying day, disdaining after the 
company of man in her lifetime, following the love of the 
turtle-dove. 

How soon the marquis gets word, he directs some friends to 
take up their ashes and burnt bones, which they could get, 
and as they could be kent, to put ilk one's ashes and bones in 
an chest, being six chests in the haill, which, with great sorrow 
and care was had to the kirk of Gramtullie, and there buried. 
In the mean time the marquis writes to the lord Gordon, then 
dwelling in Inverness, of the accident. It is reported that, 
upon the mom after this woeful fire, the lady Frendraught, 
daughter to the earl of Sutherlandj and near ooocdn tothetnar* 



ia9 

qnis, busked in a wliite plaid, and riding on a email nag, liar- 
ing a boy leading her horse) withont any more in her company, 
in this pitiful manner she came weeping and monming to the 
Bog, desiring entry to speak with my lord, bnt this was re- 
fused, so she retnrned back to her own honse the same gate 
she came, comfortless. 

The lord Gfordon, npon the receipt of the marqnis's letter, 
came hastily to the Bog, oonveened William, with whose sister 
the visconnt was married, and many other friends, who after 
serions consideration, concluded this fearful fire could not come 
by chance, sloth, or accident, but that it was plotted and de- 
Tised of set purpose, as ye may hereafter see, whereof Fren- 
draught, his lady, and servants and friends, one or other was 
npon the knowledge ; so thir friends dissolves, and the marquis 
would not revenge himself by way of deed, but seek the laws 
with all diligence, whereunto he luid more than reason. 

Now there was a gentleman called John Heldmm, who some 
time served the laird of Frendraught, and got not good payment 
of his fee, as he alleged, whereat he was miscontent. This 
Meldrum thereafter married with Fitcaple's sister, and the 
hurting of James Lesly made this grief the greater, and bred 
some suspicion of the raising of tMs fire ; whereupon he, with 
one John Toasch, servitor to Frendraught, and an young 

woman called Wood, daughter to tiie laird of Golpany, 

all suspected persons to be either airt and part, or on the 
counsel of this fire, one or other of them, were apprehended 
and warded in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh. This young gentle- 
woman was first accused before the lords of session, and sharply 
examined. She stands to her innocence, and denies all ; she is 
therefore put into the boots, and cruelly tortured, yet confesses 
nothing, whereupon she is set to liberty, as an innocent, but 
the other two men are kept in strait wiurd, where I will leave 
them till afterwards. 

1631 

Ye heard before how the marquis of Huntly was curious in 
trying of the woeful fire of Frendraught. He resolves, by 
advice of his friends, to complain to the secret council, who 
went with his lady and virgin daughters, upon the eleventh of 
March, frae the Bog, by chariot, well accompanied by his 
friends. How soon he came to Edinburgh, he declared before 
the council, this fearful fire, and his irrecoverable loss, desiring 
their aid and assistance to try the authors of this work, for still 
the marquis himself had Frendraught in suspicion of this fire, 
that he was the forger and deviser thereof. The lords of 



uo 

wtaaA alttired at tto ttttquls* ietVM&cin, fuA aSi hme&tiid 
his pitiful oaie, wbilk oonld not be well tryed $ howerer, after 
conenlation, the lords send a commifision to the bishops of 
Aberdeen and Knz^, the lord Carnegie and Growner Bmbe, 
to gb to the place of Frend^ngfat, and there ingenioilBly to tty 
how the tower took fire, whether aocidently Or Cf ptijrpose, or it 
it proceeded from fire within the house, or if fire wtis put in at 
the slits or witidowS hy men's hands, or done by any other 
engine. Tliir four cbnmiiBsioners, upon the 13th of April, 
oonveened at I^rendrau^ht, where the lord Gordon, the l&td 
Ogilvie, the lord Beskford, with sundry barohs^ and geULtl^meh, 
met th^n^ they went in and circumspectly looked round aboiit 
them, np ahd down, within and Without, and at last all in Oiie 
yt^ce conclndedj and wrote to the council, that this fire oonld 
not be miiBed Without the house, ezOept by forde of en^e of 
war, neither came the sam^ by accident, negligence, or sloth, 
bnt of set purpose this fire was raised by men's hands Within 
the vaults or chambers of said tower. After this oonolusioh, 
the coxhmissioners and all the r^st takes their leave, a^d all 
this time the marquis bade in Edinburgh till the conmiisdibnelra 
returned with theii* answer, which howsoon the marquis heiii]^, 
he returned home again with his suspicion more and more 
enoreased against the laird of Frendrau^ht. 

Upon Saturday the 16th of July, the high and mighty Idrd 
"FrnndlB earl of Errol is in his Own pl^ of the boundd de- 
potted this life, and was biiried within the church of Slaans, 
upon the night, convoyed quietly with hi6 own doniestics and 
country friends with torch light It was his will to have no 
gorgeous btirial, not tO cohvocate his noble friendi with Ttiakinjg 
great charges ahd ezpenbes, but to be buried quietljr, and such 
expenses as should be wared prodigady upon his bnrial, tbgiVe 
the same to the poor. This was a truly noble man, of a gredit 
and courageous spirit, who' had great troubles in his time, 
which he stoutly and honourably still carried, and now in 
favour died in peace with God and man, and a loyal snbjedt to 
the Idiig, to the great grief of his Mn and friends. 

1633. 

His majesty gone to London, the lady marchioness and lady 
Aboyne stay behind him in Edinburgh, using all the means they 
could, for trial of the fire of Frendraught. At last she causes 
ptit Johii Heldrum and John l^sh, who, ye heard before, wiare 
itBxHs^ Hi' the t61lk)6tli df mma^ to tM. AUd iC^ 



141 

liQ aald John Mflldrnm what he knew aoeiKb the nid £xe ; and 
th^ocewitl^ examined him upon certain 8peeoheB» wihilk he^.aa 
wi^ aUimdy had a|K9k«n QODoenung that pmpoe^ He utterly 
deoiediUls andvjiathea^waB'wnjiiten. Thereaftor the Jorda 
b^g^ a^u^iher day to re^e^^f^mi^o him, oonld findno ilight i yet 
found hin^ vazyuig fxm. hia first deolMn^aon in eome oiroimu 
st^^ipeBi and thmf ore the lords shGrtly refers him to the tdal 
of ^ assiz^, where he was. conyioted and oondeDuaed to ha 
h^need to the dieath at t^ cross of fioLinbiugh} hia head to be 
stric^W ^ny^ ^ shoiilders, and his bo^ dnpMiiined and 
qTiarteredy and set iq> on exempWy phioes A the town ; in esL' 
ao^ileoif otlfierstodotheUJI; 9e was ezeottbed upon the— -*^ 
day pf Jjigwii, and di94 with/pat any oeKtain «ad neal oonf oi* 
sion^ BAirm «9fd, m^ ibl^ d^ifitH iae. 

1685. 

T^ the mouth of JnpBi tkexe was seen in tberiviv of Don a 
monster haying a head liQce to a great mastiff dog, and hands, 
arms, and paps like a man, and the paps seemed to be white ; 
it had hair on the head, and its hinder parts was seen some- 
tiipes aboYe the water, whUk seemed clubbish, sh<»:t legged 
and short footed, with a tail. This monster was s^en bo<^- 
like swimming above the water abo^t ten hours in the morn, 
ing, and continued aU day visible, swimming above and 
beneath the bridge, without ai^y fear. The town's people of 
both Aberdeens came out in great multitudes to see this mon* 
ster : some th^w stores, some shgt guns and pistols, and the 
sali^cm fisiiers rowed cobl^s wit}i n^ts to catch it, but all in 
vl^n. Ifi never sinke^ i><^ feared, but would duck under 
water, snorti^ a^ bullpijpg, t^irible to the hearers. It 
rejn^ined two days, and was seex) no mar» j but it appears this 
monster came for no good token to noble Aberdeen, for sore 
was the s€^nen oppressed w^ fprnAi troubles that fell on 
the land. 

1688. 

Word comes to the marquis oi ^untly that his lady was 
very sick wiijiiu the laird of Oluny's lodgiugs in Old Aberdeen, 
where she was dwelling for the tixpe $ he hsAted him home, 
but before he came she was dead, Opeat lamentation was 
iua4e for this matchless lady; she departed upon Thursday 
the 14th of June, about midnight ; tl^e nia^uis comes not till 
Sunday thereafter ; caused shortly oopvoy 4owfk her corps out 

of sa)4 IpdgiuEHS ^. ^ f^^'^Wii ynSk mn^jomv^^ «ad. 



142 

torch Hgbti where her corps lay till the 26th of Jime there- 
after. Her corps was transported npon the night frae the 
college to the chapel npon the Castle-hill of New Aberdeen, 
and upon the 28th of June, about twelve hours of the day, die 
was lifted, and at her lifting the town of Aberdeen oansed 
shoot the haill ordnances. She is conyoyed with xnnltitndes of 
people in honourable manner, having her corps carried npon 
the bearers of a coach, and led by horses under a mourning 
pall, aud buried in St. John the Evangelist's Isle (or Bishop 
Leighton's Isle) on the north side of St. Machar's kirk, with 
great mourning and lamentation. He made choice of this burial 
place, and left the ancient burial place of his forbears and 
famous father within the south isle of the cathedral of Elgin, 
and bought this isle frae the bishop, ministers, and elders of 
Old Aberdeen, to remain a burial place for him and his pos- 
tority, and quhilk he resolved to re-edify for that effect. Upon 
the morrow, after her burial, the marquis, in high melancholy, 
lifted his household, and flitted hastily to Strathboggie, having 
ten children of singular erudition with him. 

Upon the 20th day of July, the marquis of Montrose, the 
lord Couper, the master of Forbes, the laiird of Leys, the laird 
of Morphie, Mr. Alexander Henderson, minister at Leuchars in 
Fife, Mr. David Dickson, minister at Irvine, and Mr. Andrew 
Cant, minister at Pitsligo, as commissioners for the Cove- 
nanters, came altogether to New Aberdeen. The provost and 
baiUies courteously salute them at their lodging, offer them a 
treat of wine, according to their laudable custom, for their 
welcome; but this their courteous answer was disdainfully 
refused, saying they would drink none with them, till first the 
covenant was subscribed; whereat the provost and bailliea 
were somewhat offended, and suddenly took their leave i 
caused deal the wine in the bead-house among the poor men, 
whilk they had so disdainfully refused, whereof the Uke was 
never done to Aberdeen in no man's memory. 

Upon the mom, being Sunday, these three covenanting 
ministers intended to preach, but the town's ministers kept 
them theref rae, and preached themselves in their own pulpits* 
They, seeing themselves disappointed, go to the earl Maris* 
chal's Close, where the lady Pitsligo was then dwelling, a rank 
puritan ; and the said Mr. Alexander Henderson preached firsti 
next Mr. David Dickson, and lastly Mr* Andrew Oant, all on 
the said Sunday; and diverse people flocked into the said 
close to hear thir preachers, and see this novelty. It is said 
this Mr. Henderson read, after his sermon, certain arfeiolei 



148 

proponed bj the divines of Abexdeen, amongst which was 
alleged, they oould not snbBcribe this^ oovenant without the 
Idog's commandj whereunto he made siush aziBwen as pleased 
him best* 

1689. 

Upon Friday the 24th day of May, the earl Marisohall's men 
of Idax, Skene, and Kintore, the lord Fraser, the master of 
ForbeSi their kiii, friends, and followers, with diverse other 
barons, came into Aberdeen, about two thousand men ; there 
were about two hundred of the master oi Forbes and laird oi 
Cra^evar's men quartered in Old Aberdeen ; their entertain- 
ment was small, and they paid as little for it. Many of this 
company went and brake up the bishop's gates ; set on good 
fires of his peats standing within the dose ; they masterfully 
brake up the haill doors and windows of this stately house j 
they brake down beds, boards, cap ambries, glass windows, 
took out the iron stenchens, brake off the locks, and what they 
could get carried with them, and sold for little or nothing ; but 
they got none of the bishop's plenishing worth noticing, be- 
cause it was all convoyed away out of the way before their 
coming. Thus is this stately paJace pitifully abused by thir 
rascals, followers and soldiers of the master of Forbes and 
Craigievar, albeit the bishop of Aberdeen was uncle to the said 
master of Forbes, being his father's brother upon the 
mother's side, but no recfpect was had to blood in thir 
miserable days. 



THS BATTLE 07 THB BBIDOS 07 DBS. 

Upon Monday the 17th June, the earl Marischall, seeing the 
lord Aboyn returning back again to Aberdeen, gathers his 
forces, writes to the earl of Montrose, and the said Monday 
comes forward to Tollohill, where he encamps. More friends 
came to him, such as the said earl of Montrose, and earl oi 
Kinghom, who came indeed. 

The lord of Aboyn, advertised of this gathering, upon Tues« 
day the 18th of June, about ten hours, goes to array his 
soldiers, and such as he got also out of both Aberdeens ; and 
resolves to stop their coming to the town, by keeping of the 
bridge of Dee. They carried out their four brazen pieces, 
which did little skaith. Lieutenant Crowner Johnston mans 
the bridge, fortified the port upon the south end of the same, 
and caused close it up strongly with faill and thatch t» hsil^ 



14A 

oat the Bhob [ci tibe oartow. He had aboat a hundred heave 
musketeers, whereof fifty was still in service hj turns. 

Upon the same Tuea&j, th« earls of Montrose aod Eing-- 
horn comes frae the south, the lord Fraser, the master, of 
Forbes, with diverse barons and gentlemen, comes frae the 
north to the earl Marischall ; they were estimate altogether 
about two thousand men on foot, and three hundred horse. 
The lord Aboyn's was of no less number, and more bxa¥e 
horsemen, lying about the bridge of Bee, but few footmen* 
This Thursday, the earl MariBnhall and the rest goes to array 
and maixshes forwaidirae ToUohill to the bridge. They begin 
to shoot their oartow at the same, whilk was very fearSil, 
being a quarter cannon, having her ball of twenty pound 
weight; but courageous Johnston manfully defended the 
same with brave musketeers that came out of both AberdeenSy 
who gave fire so abundantly upon the eneoneB* musketeeni 
that they were of them praised and admired for their brave 
servioe. Thus the haill day, they on the one side pursuing 
the bridge with cannon and musket, and on the other side they 
are defending with muskets and their four brassen pieces 
(which did little service), yet no skaith on our side, except a 
townsman, called John Forbes, was pitifully slain, and William 
Gordon of Gordon's Mill was rashly shot in the foot, both Anti<* 
covenanters. Thus, night being come, both parties left off and 
set their watches, attending the coming of the morning. 

Upon Wednesday the 19th of June, the town's folk, about 
fifty musketeers, foolishly left the bridge, with about the like 
number to keep the samen, and went convoying the ooipa of 
the foresaid John Forbes to be buried in the town, whilk was 
very unwisely done, and to the tinsell of the bridge. In the 
meantime, a new assault was given: courageous Johnston 
placed his few soldiers (as he did first) in the bounds of the 
bridge so commodiously, as they defended themselves very 
stoutly and manfully with little loss. 

The confederate lords, seeing they had come no speedy 
devises a pretty slight to draw the horsemen frae the bridge 
(being about the number of nine score brave gentlemen^ albeit 
they had no footmen, except James Grant's company, aixd the 
town's men of both Aberdeens, because they had scattered at 
Cowie as ye have heard, and was quickly gathering again, but 
came not in time to the defence of the bridge), better horsed 
and more in number than they were of good horses, therefore 
they stringed up their horse company on the other side of the 
water of Dee, making shew to enter the water and come 
^6'Y'oi^ii^iHune, aodpiirsaetheloixlAbQya thi« side of the 



146 

water, wldoh wm far from their mind, and over hastHj be- 
lieved by Aboyn ; whereupon he rides up the water eide to 
meet their horsemen at their coming through the water, 
and leaves the bridge foolishly with brave Johnston and abont 
fifty musketeers only, who wonderfully stood out and defended 
the samen, albeit cruelly charged with cartow and musket- 
shot in great abundance which was more fearfully renewed ; 
whereas the lord Aboyn was marching up the wateur side. At 
last brave Jd^mston is unhappily hurt in the thigh or leg by 
the buffet of a stone thrown out of the bridge by the violence 
of a shofc, so that he could do no mai% service. He hastily 
calls for a horse, and says to his soldiers, " Do for yourselves, 
and haste you to the town ; " whereupon they all, with him- 
self, took to flight. Then followed in certain captains, and 
quickly took in the bridge peaceably and cast out their 
colours. The lord Aboyn, seeing the horsemen stay upon the 
other side of the water, and not coming through the water as 
they seemed ip intend, and withal seeing thSr colours upon 
the bridge, takes the flight shamefully without stroke of sword, 
or any other kind of vassalage, for he and his horsemen lay 
under banks and braes saving themselves from the cartow, 
and beheld Aberdeen's men defend the bridge, which was lost 
by the incoming of the soldiers to John Forbes' burial, and by 
the lord Aboyn's leaving of the samen, and chiefly by the un- 
happy hurt which brave Johnston received. Our Aberdeen's 
men were praised even of their very enemies for their sure and 
ready fire. There was slain of townsmen the foresaid John 
Forbes, Patrick Gray, David Johnston, Thomas Davidson, and 
some others hurt and wounded ; among the rest Seaton of Fit- 
medden, a gentlemau, was suddenly shot riding up the water- 
side with the lord Aboyn ; and on the other side, a brave gen- 
tleman, called Bamsay, brother to the laird of Balmain, 

and some others hurt and wounded. The bridge was imf or- 
tunately taken in upon the 19th of June, about four afternoon, 
whereas support was coming that same night of Aboyi^'s 
friends ; but hearing of the winning of the bridge, came no 
further than Legatsden, syne dispersed and scattered. 

Aboyn takes the fiight ; takes the laird of Fury Ogilvie and 
Fury Fotheringham out of Aberdeen, his own prisoners, whom 
he had taken before, and sends them back to the lords safe and 
sound, freely without ransom. Few followed the chase, so that 
Aboyn, his friends and followers, got no skaith. 

The confederate lords meddle with the marquis* four brazen 
pieces, and with their own two cartows came to Aberdeen with 
sound of troiapeti displai'ed ooloursi au4 t«^ifi^suv^ ^1 ^sswsa^^ 

1* 



14* 

Ab the army maiclied the haOl Gorenanters was blyth, and the 
royalists as sorrowf nl at this sight, who for plain fear fled the 
town, with their wives and children in their arms, and carried 
on their backs, weeping and monming most pitifnllj, straying 
here and there, not knowing where to go. Thns were they so 
distressed for the love they had to the king, and now for fol- 
lowing Aboyn. 

Thir nobles take in the town, meddle with the keys of the 
ports, kirks, and tolbooth, quarter their soldiers and set 
watches, and send for the town's people that had fled, charging 
them by tuck of dram to return to their honses, promising 
they should get no wrong ; whereupon some returned, others 
would not, but hid themselves here and there in the 
country. 

There were some footmen of this army who had free quar- 
ters in the Oldtown at this time, and all the Covenanters now 
proudly crop the cawsy, glad at the incoming of this army. 
After quartering in both.Aberdeens, the soldiers made search 
for such musketeers as served against them at the bridge of 
Dee, and found about forty-eight cavaliers, brave men, whom 
they caused bind by the gardies with tows, in disgraceful 
manner, and brought to the tolbooth, where that night they 
got neither meat, drink, fire, nor candle, nor bed, and watched 
the tolbooth for that effect. 

Upon Thursday the 20th of June, the nobles went and took 
up the corps of Fitmedden and Bamsay ; and both were buried 
in the kirk of Aberdeen by their own Mends with lamentation. 
There was a dead volley shot by the soldiers for their own 
man Bamsay at the Old Kirk door ; where William Erskine, 
brother to the laird of Fittodrie, was suddenly shot dead 
through the head, standing among the rest, whereof never 
word nor trial was gotten, whilk was thought marvellous, but 
indeed he was a wilful malicious Covenanter. 

Thereafter the nobles, in a council of war (hearing for cer- 
tainty of a treaty past betwixt the king and his subjects at 
Berwick, whereof they had knowledge before the intsSdng of 
the bridge), fines Aberdeen in six thousand merks, which was 
presently paid, looses the lown's men's g^dies, who were knit 
two and two together, sets them to liberty upon the same 
Thursday ; the town was saved from plundering upon payment 
of this sum. 

Upon the mom, the 21st of June, orders* was given for 
transporting south the two cartows and marquis of Huntly's 
four brazen field-pieces, delivered the town's keys to the magis- 

^tes, luid maiolies the Bwoid day aoath a^;&i& i wherompoQ 



w 

the rest of the honest men aaod women who had fled^ lefenme^ 
gladly to their own houses in Aberdeen. 

Ye heard before of lientenant Growner Johnston, how he 
was hnrfc at the bridge of Dee ; he now recovers his health, 
ships himself^ wife and goods privately, and to the king goes . 
he, who was graciously received, as he well deserved, for hia 
stout service at the said bridge of Dee. 

About this time, Mr. James SandHands began to teach the 
canon laws in the College of Old Aberdeen, as he was restricted 
and limited by the General Assembly, viz., to teach only upon 
teinds, testaments, and matrimony, and to handle no further 
of the canon laws but these three heads. Moyan (though he 
had enemies in the college) bare him through to be canonist in 
form foresaid, for the whilk he got yearly payment of about . 
six hundred merks for teaching an unprofitable lesson when 
he pleased, anes in the week, or anes in the month as he liked 
best ; for the whilk he was never found fault with, and he had 
few auditors except the regents and some students, who 
thought they tint their lessons idly to hear him, and that the 
gear wared upon him was ill bestowed and lost. However, he 
was carried through by moyan to be canonist. Strange ! to 
see a man admitted to teach the laws, who was never out of 
the country, studying and learning them ! but he got quit of 
the canonistry, and was ohosen to he dvilist afterwards. 

1640. 

Upon Saturday the 27th of June, two hundred men with 
their commanders past out of Aberdeen. They plundered the 
lairds of Balbithan, Hedderwick, and Lethentie ; they brake up 
the laird of Newton Gordon's yetts and doors of Newton ; they 
spoilzied what they could get unput aside , but finding Httle 
they barbarously brake down beds, boards, ambries, and plen<* 
ishmg within the house, syne plundered out of and about these 
bounds, twelve horses frae the poor tenants. They plundered 
also the laird of Drum's grounds, himself lying warded in 
Edinburgh, and took frae his tenants about eighteen horse. 
They also took an honest man within the same ground, called 
James Irvine, alias Scalpie ; and siclike Mr. Andrew Logie, 
minister at Eain ; Mr. John Gheyne, minister at Kintore ; Mr. 
William Leith, minister at Einkell ; Mr. William Strachan, 
minister at Daviot ; and Mr. Samuel Walker, minister at Mont- 
keggy. Thir five ministers were taken as outstanders ; they 
got no liberty to ride upon horseSi but wecQ <y>Txs^c?^ikSi^\ff^ ^^»v 



VMC- fnza tMf 0c9ian9hlf WbO tCJglfi'^Of tfitlt tlk^ll'^M^e]^ Of n0lM6 

and goods, returned bftdk to Aberdeen ttpon Wednesday thd 
first of Jnly: thus was tins poor conntxy btottglit in great 
misery by thir and the like oprpressionSi withoat wai¥&nt of 
hnr or jastioe, and express^jr oontraty to his Majesty's f onaer 
prodlamaitiOEis. 

The Fresbyteiy of Aberdeen gave order on this Thursday 
£15th Oct.] to remove doetor Gk^ frue his ministry in Hew 
Aberdeen, and to eatev himself to the principality of the college 
of Old Aberdeen, according to his election. He obeyed^ and 
entered home that samen day. The first work that he began to 
do was, he employed masons to cast down the walls of the 
Show Kirk, and transport the stones to big np the coUege^yavd 
dykes, and to employ the hewn work to the decayed windows 
within the college, whereat many Oldtown people mnrmmred, 
the samen being sometime the parish kirk of Old Aberdeen, 
within the whiUc their friends and forefathers were bmied^ 

Upon the 24th of December, John Leith of Harthill sat 
down in Provost Lesly's desk in the kirk of Aberdeen. The 
provost coming to his seat, and seeing him there, was offended^, 
and caused the officers put him out very pridefnlly. He being 
a baron, and chief of a ckun, gave him some evil talk^ for which 
he was presently waixtod in the tolbootb of Aberdeen, wfaera 
he lay long nnrelieved. 

Ye heard before, how the goodman of Harthill was warded 
in New Aberdeen. Now, looking oat at the tolbooth windows, 
he railed oat against some honest men walking anent the tol- 
booth, whereapcai they fettered him fast, that he shoald not 
come near the window ; and fastened his foot in a chain, giving 
him liberty to walk ap and down, bat not near the tolbooth 
windows ; besides, he was tormented with hangar, for he got 
not his fiU of food, whilk bred in him a sort of madness, with- 
on^ regard to his place or person. Now somewhat sickly, he 
IB stoaitdy kept for a little ofienoe. 

About this time, both Aberdeens were commanded, under 
pain of plundering, to lead peats to the master of Forbes' lodg- 
ing in New Ab^deen, withoat payment; grievous to the 
people, being in the top of harresir. 

Sanday the 8th of Novemb^, Mr. James Willox preached 
in Old Aberdeen ; aft^ sermon, he read out some acts of the 

tfomaniftw, lorbidd^ appfei^8«i totearre their senioe ^rHbcmit 



(Htdes, and leitisg doim prioei ii])on leather i wbeveupon f ol« 
lowed shortly a Strict command, cliarging the hail cordinerfl in 
both AherdeepB to make single aoled shoes to the master of 
Forbes' soldiers. Noremeadj it was obeyed, bnt little pav* 
ment gotten for the leather^ aod none at aU for the work* 
aoansUp. 

The same very Sunday, alter sermons, the laird of Hadde 
pnrsaed the laii^dof Cndgievar (both being oome frae sermon), 
aaent ihe hiahop'B stile, with a rod in his hand, whilk he 
qniddy defended with another } bat they are parted witiiont 
blood. Bnt Graigieyar, appreh^ding hknself to be behind, 
challenged Haddo daily, who answered him again, but it 
turned to nothing ; yet iireooiaolleabto malioa resMwd v^ tht 
breast <4 Craigievar. 

1641. 

Now the papists are straitly pnt ont in all places, without 
respect, within the kingdom ; among the rest the lady Dowager 
of Huntly, a noble, worthy, aajui honourable lady, is pnt at by 
the kirk to renounce her religion, and conform in severe 
xnannev. Hhia lady, born in Frfmoe, brooght np in i(he Eoman 
religion all her days, and of great age, would not now (her 
one foot being in the grare, as the saying is,) alter her reli« 
gion, but rather made ohoioe to leave the kingdom ; wiiilk she 
was forced to do for all her kindred's moyan and friendship 
that she could make. "Thus resolutely she settles her estate, 
rents, and living ; leaves, with woe heart, her stately building 
of the Bog, beautified with many yards, parks, and pleasures, 
closes np the gates, and takes jommey, witii about mx^Ben 
horse ; Mid, upon Batuiday the 26th <^ Ju^e, isha oame to 
Aberdeen, lodged in Mr^ Alexandw Beid'g house, aind, on 
Monday thereafter, she rides frae Aberdeen towards Sdin* 
burgh. A strange thing to see a worthy lady of seveniy years 
of age to be put to mvAl travel and tsouble, being a widow, h^ 
eldest son, the lord Kazqnis, being out ef the kingd(mi, her 
jother children dispersed aoid spread, and albeit w>bly bom, yet 
left helpless and comfortless, and so put at byibe kirk, that 
she behoved to go, or else abide exoommnnicatSoo, and thereW 
lose her estate and living, whilk was she loath to do, Bh» left 
her grandson Charles, son to the Kacquis, being bnt a bairn, 
with Bobert Gordon, baillie of Ensie, to be entertained by him, 
when she came fra£ theBpg; and she alao«ent another of his 
baims; xsaXled ladyJCaiy^ to* Annc^ xs^m^^tess <>f ?ertl^ }m mm 
eldest sister, to remain with her. These *^^^fBi^w^h^f>WS!saR 



160 

to Aberdeen ; frae tliat she rides to Edinlmrgli, wliere slie re* 
mains till abont the end of September, withont help or remead ; 
syne rides directly to Berwick, there to remain dnring her 
pleasnre. It is said she had store of gold and jewels with her. 
Afterwards she goes to France. She had abont three hundred 
thonsand merks in gold and money with her by and attoor silyer 
plate, which did little good to the distressed estate of that noble 
house. 

It is here to be noted, that no maws were seen in the loohs 
of New or Old Aberdeen, since the beginning of thir tronblee, 
and coming of soldiers to Aberdeen, who before flocked and 
clocked in so great abundance, that it was pleasure to behold 
them flying above our heads, yea, and some made use of their 
eggs and birds ; in like manner, few or no corbies were seen 
in either Aberdeens, at the water-side of Dee or Bon, or 
the shore, where they wont to flock abundantly for salman 
gouries. 

16^. 

Fpon Friday, Wednesday, and Saturday, thir three days 
weekly, Mr. Andrew Cant, Mr. John Oswald, and Mr. John 
Eow, minister at Aberdeen, began their night-about, instead of 
evening prayers, to lecture lessons, chiefly brought in by this 
Cant ; no honest person durst be absent from thir new-begnn 
lectures, but were rebuked and cried out against, whereby they 
thought this service was thraldome on work days. 

About the beginning of this month of June, Dr. Guild, prin- 
cipal, violently breaks down the inside plenishing witldn the 
bishop's house, which was left undestroyed before, such as 
beds and boards, &c., and caused transport them down to 
plenish the college chambers and other work ; joists and greater 
timber he cut dovm ; he tirred the haill toofalls of the office- 
houses, such as bake-house, brew-house, byres, stables, yea, 
and of some toof all chambers also, and carried roof and slates 
away wherewith he roofed a song-school and slated the samen, 
within Bernard Innes' close, where never song-school was 
before. In the samen manner he dang dovni the walls of the 
Snow kirk to big the college dykes, as ye have heard before. 
Now he is demolishing the bishop's house ; pitiful and lament- 
able to behold ! kirks and stately buildings first to be casten 
down by ruffians and rasoaJs, and next by churohmen» under 
oolonr of xeBgiooD. 



m 

Vneiday, 2dth of June, was a Tisitatlon oi our Oldtown kirk 
hy the bretbren. The session was clianged frae after the fore- 
noon's sermon till after the afternoon's sermon, on ilk Snnday. 
The landward elders thonght this burden heavy, to bide ilk fore- 
noon and hvLj their dinner in the Oldtown, whilk was abiding 
them at home in their own house. It was ordained by this 
presbyterial visitation, that ilk master and mistress of f amiliea 
in town and oonntry, within this parish, shonld come, with 
their bairns and servants, to the minister's catechising j 
noisome to conntry people to come all, close ap their doors, 
and leave none at home to keep their honses, corns, cattle, and 
other goods ! They ordained the back of the high altar in 
bishop Dnnbar's isle, cnrionsly wronght in wainscot, matchless 
in all the kirks of Scotland, to be dnng down, as smelling of 
popery and idolatry ; pitifnl to behold ! In the meantime, onr 
minister, Mr. William Strachan, teaches powerfnlly and plainly 
the word of God, to the great good and comfort of all his 
auditors ; he takes strict account of those that came not to the 
communion, and keep not the kirk ; calls out the absents out 
of the pulpits, which drew in such a fair auditory, that the 
seats of the Idrk were not able to hold them ; for remead 
whereof, he caused big up a loft athwart the body of the kirk, 
and entered the wrights thereto in November ; likeas, with 
great pains and diligence he caused slate the halll body of the 
kirk in summer time with new lath, new slate, and other new 
materials, whilk was not so well done since the time it was 
first slated, after the lead was tirred therefrae ; the toof alls 
were not thecked, because they might not be overtaken this 
season. This Mr. William Strachan was one of the best 
ministers that has been seen at this kirk for a long time by- 
gone ; but the truth is, the back of the altar was violently 
pulled down by direction of Mr. William Strachan, only ad- 
vised thereto by Dr. Gfuild, principal and moderator for the 
time, and had not the consent of the brethren thereto, as is 
said before ; and by this glorious timber work of the said altar 
this new loft was adorned and beautified with gilt pieces and 
ornaments. 

Ye heard before how the queen went over to Holland, in 
company with her daughter, with whom went John Strachan, 
skipper Stiachan's son of our burrow of Aberdeen, who was 
bom, bred, and brought up within the said town. This John 
Strachan is a brave mariner and stout cavalier : he got charge 
from his Majesty of one of the king's yachts, having twenty- 
four brazen pieces upon her, to follow the queen to Holland^ 



and to attend her Berrioe. Kow the parliament seeing the 
king daily to stand ont, and not to yield to their wills, and 
fearing this Straohan's employment was not for nought, they 
therefore sent to him where he was lying, and snmmoned him to 
return, with his ship and goods, back to the parliament, nnder 
pain of death. He answered his charge was frae his majesty, 
and when he commanded him, he shoidd obey. The king gets 
word of this charge: whereupon he sends command, nnder 
the pain of hanging, that he the said John Btrachan should 
give no obedience to any charge coming frae the parliament 
for that purpose, whilk he gladly obeyed. Then they sum- 
moned him a second time, and the king gave a second counter- 
mand ; whereupon the parliament sends out four of the kjng^s 
royal ships, two to ly at the mouth of the river Humber, and 

two to ly at the mouth of the river ; by one of which 

ways, they, by the Hollanders, were surely advised this 
Strachan behoved to go, and was hastily to come to England, 
But the parliamentarians resolved, before he came that 
length, to have him quick or dead ; of all which Strachan has 
good intelligence, and resolves to take the sea. He had with 
Jiim on shipboard the lord Digby and William Murray, who 
had gone over with the queen, and resolved now to return back 
with Strachan to England. Well, to the sea goes Strachan ; two 
of the king's ships follow, betwixt whom there was some fight ; 
the other two likewise follows, whilk Strachan espying, and 
finiliTig himself unable to defend against them all four, made 
choice to take flight ; and, being speedier under sail, for that 
she was of less burden than any of the other four, goes 
soundly and safely frae them by plain speed, for he was well 
acquainted with all the sands, creeks, and holes, upon the 
English coast, whereby he wisely took his advantage, and 
hastily run her ashore, where the great ships durst not follow. 
Well, he takes out his cannon and mounts them upon land ; he 
plants his muskets so that no one pinnace nor boat durst come 
near his ship, albeit they were sent after him, but they were 
dnng back again, both by cannon and mnsket ; in the mean- 
time, Strachan sent word to the king of his landing (who was 
within eighteen miles distance), who hastily sends a guard, 
conveys l£e lord Digby, William Murray, himself, and about 
other one hundred persons to his majesty. They took order with 
the caimon, nmskets, and ammunition, and let the ship ly still 
tiiere. There cajne in this ship great sums of money, by the 
queen's moyan as was said, together with arms for ten 
thousand men, anmiimition, and cannon, whereof his majesty 
fmyjc^rtai ^ peoeiTed fitnohan {whamtlM parliaoient had 



IBI 

dfiolaxed tnltov for bit diiob6dieiu)e)i ftad for Us bnre terrlM 

knighted him with his own hand, to the great honour of the 
burrow of Aberdeen, being one of our townsmen bom. 

Upon the 29th of Angast, Dr. Gnild, at his own hand, 
caused brake down the great oaken joists within the bishop's 
house, and transported them therefrae for reparation of the 
college. Pitiful to see so glorious a building thus thrown 
down bj despiteful soldiers, and then demolished by doctors 
of divinity ! This Dr. Guild being principal, began to preach 
there, as ye have heard before, but about Lammass he began 
to weary, and left off any more preaching ; whereat his audi- 
tors were nowise displeased, for they had no pleasure of his 
unsavoury sermons ; the students wishing rather to be at 
their lessons, and the town's people at their work, than 
hearing him. 

Upon Tuesday the 6th of September, Mr. John Gregory, 
minister at Drumoak, at the visitation of the kirk of New 
AlMBrdeen, teached most learnedly upon the fourth verse of the 
second chapter of the Golossians, and reprehended the order of 
our kirk, and new-brought in points. Mr. Andrew Cant, sit- 
ting beside the reader, as his use was, offended at this doctrine, 
quickly closed the reader's book, and laid down the glass be- 
fore it wae run, thinking the minister should the socmer made 
an end ; but he beheld and preached half an hour longer than 
the time. Sermon being ended, the brethren conveen to their 
visitation, where Mr. Andrew Cant impugned this doctrine, 
desiring the said Mr. John to put the same in write. He an- 
swered, he would not only write, but print his preaching, if need 
so required, and abide by all that he had teached as orthodox 
doctrine. The brethren heard all, and had their own opinions, 
but without any more censure they dissolved, somewhat per- 
turbed with Cant's curiosity. Upon Thursday, he railed out in 
his sermon against the said Mr. John Gregory's doctrine, and 
on Sunday likewise. At last, by mediation of the town's 
baillies, at a cup of wine, they two were agreed, and settled 
with small credit to Cant's business. 

Saturday the 10th of September, George Thomson, master 
mason, new come frae Strathboggie to Aberdeen, suddenly fell 
over lliomas Thomson's stair, and with the fall became speech- 
less and senseless, and departed this life upcm the Thursday 
thereafter. An ezoaUflot m&soD, ci ningnlac dftvm \ l&ft\Rs2K&tt^ 



of tbe OoOegB kiik of (Hd 

TTpoB the Ifth dByo f Deeaabet, Dr. Gnild and Mr. Winkm 
Bkndm joked WiiiiBB ClMriei^ wijglii in Abovdooo, to tho 
do«ni4aldiv of the lade of tbe Id^ altv, iteiidii^r iipon the 
CMt wiA of luhop Gsvm DoBhu's ide^ M hi^ iMulf M the 
<**Wiig tbaeof^ ciiiiwiiily muugbt of fine wiiiieiot, to theit 
withiB Seotfamd then ivae not ft hetlerifxoiiglit piece. The 
enftamsB weald not put hoe heod to the doin&4ekiiig theteaf « 
tfll 'Mr. WOHsin Stadim, our mnnster, laid first hand therato^ 
which he £d, and sjnethe woEkwaehegini; and, in taking 
down one of the three timber crowns, whilk thej thoa|^ to 
hare gotten down haHl and nnbrofcoi, beyoid their ezpectatioa 
it fen snddenilj npon the kiik*8 great ladder, hnke it in three 
pieces, and itself all in blades, mod brake some paTement with 
the weight thereof; but the people were all safe. 



Br. Guild, princqiel and modentor, at this time refused to 
gire plaj to the students at Yool-daj, but thej took it at their 
own hand, and the g nMnm a ria as boUi, who at last b^ oonipo* 
litioii got eight dajs^ P^7> 

Una year, YooQ-day fell ispoa Sunday. Our imrristers, and 
ministen of Aberdeen, proached against all merriness, play, 
and pastime ; and the night before, by tack of drum throngh 
Aberdeen, the townsmen were commanded to keep themselves 
sober, and flee aH snperstitiouskeeping of days. Upon Monday, 
the ben went throngh the Oldtown, commanding aJl manner of 
men to open their booth-doors andgo to work ; but the stndents 
fen npon the bellman, and Uxk. ^be ben frae him, for giving 
snch an mmsnal charge : so the people made good chear and 
banqueting, according to their estates, and past their times, 
Monday and Tuesday both, for aU thir threatenings. 

It is said, Mr. Andrew Cant, sitting this same Yoon-day at 
afternoon's sermon, Mr. John Bne preaching in the Old kiik» 
hearing some noise in thekirkyard of bairns and people, he got 
np suddenly from his seat, sitting as he ordinarly used beside 
the reader ; throngh the kirk and people goes he, and oat at 
the door, to the great astonishment of the x)eople in the Old 
Chorch ; and when he came to the kirkyard the bairns fled, bat 
he chased them into the New kirk, whereat the people tiiere 
wan9 offianded; at last, he retomed back to his own place, aod 



168 

ihd people became seitled find padfled, but wondered afc Ug 
light behavioTiT. 

1643 

Mr. Andrew Cant need not oft the saying of the Lord's 
Prayer, either before or after sermons, as wont in that kirk, 
bnt had prayers extempore long enough; so the rest of the 
ministers of Aberdeen kept his custom, They bronght in, apon 
iDc Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, afternoon lectures, tanght 
by ilk minister, time abont (in place of Saying prayers ilk 
night before) ; the people is compelled to attend thir lectures, 
or then cried out against. None on the Sabbath-day durst 
come ont of the Newtown to the Oldtown, especially in time of 
sermon, and to that effect the highways were watched ilk Sun- 
day, and who were found were conyeened before their session, 
and severely punished with shame and derision. In time of 
preaching on week-days no merchant nor craftsmen's booth 
doors durst be opened, that the kirk might be the better kept 
by the masters and servants. The bairns of the grammar- 
school were forbidden to keep afternoon's sermons, but to keep 
the schools, where the masters should catechise them upon 
points of religion. Beading of Holy Scriptures and singing of 
psalms were discharged at lykewakes, by act of the town 
council of Aberdeen, by persuasion of this Cant and his fellows. 
The hand-bell should go and proclaim through the town who 
was dead ; but tolling of kirk-beUs at their burial was dis- 
charged J all brought in by this Cant, and followed by the 
magistrates of Aberdeen, as he commanded, or as he daily 
devised, to the grievous burden of the people, who had never 
seen the like orders ; yet they could not get singing of psalms 
and reading at lykewakes altogether supprest. 

Tuesday the 17th of January, Mr. Alexander Middleton, sub- 
principal in the college of Old Aberdeen, was married with 
Gordon, daughter to Mr. Gordon at Eettock's Mill, con- 
trary to the foundation of that college, forbidding marriage to 
any of the inward members serving therein. There was sundry 
gifts, cases, and coined gold, given by sundry sitters at this bri- 
dal, and some gave rings ; but coined gold was not in use to be 
given here in Aberdeen at free bridals. 

Upon the 2d day of February, being Candlemas-day, the 
bairns of the Oldtovm grammar-school came up the gate with 
candles lighted in their hands, ciying and rejoicing, blyth 
enoughi and thus oame np to the oxoas, and roond abouit ^^ma 



direMa (toiM, dlmbi to the head thawof, and ■eten a tmmlng 
torch therenpon. I marrelled at this, being at suck time, tad 
whereof I had never seen the like : attonr, they went down frae 
the cross, convoying John Keith, brother to the earl Mansohall, 
who was their king, to bis lodging in the Qhaxnoarj, with 
lighted oaxidlef. 

Upon Batozdaj the Ist of July, sir George Qotdoa c( Eaddo 
tmhapF^y hurt Alezaoder Jaffiray, late bailHe, and John Jaffinsy 
their fatiier at Broom-end, in coming frae the good-man oc 
Brakay's bnrial, because the said Alexander Ja&ay, being a 
baillie, had caused ward the said sir George's servant for hi^ 
ing another fellow. This was no just quarrel, to pursue a judge 
for doing justice ; however they gat some blood, but did no 
skaith. They parted, and Haddo immediately IdiGareafter came 
to the town, and rode about the croes in contempt, but iAie Jaf* 
frays were not yet come to town. The town thought evil of 
Haddo's behaviour, to ride so pridefuUy about the cross, after 
hurting of their baillie, and his brother, but this nuitter waa 
otherwise handled« and toid n:gm a higher shelf « m may be seen 
afterwards. 

Upon the — day of July, Adam Aberoromby kiUed his wife's 
son, called George Leith, brother-german to the good-man of 
Harthill, and who tdso was married to the said Adam's own 
daughter. Thus, in a combat, the f ather-io-law slays the son* 
in-law, and wins away unpunished. Marvellous in those days, 
without respect of birth or blood, to see slaughter and bloodshed 
daily committed ! 

About the 4th of September, trial was gotten oi some five or 
six hundred merks stolen out of Mr. John Bay, one of the re- 
gents of the Newtown's chest. It was found that Kr. Andrew 
Cant, the holy minister's son, drew the nails of the chest, and 
fastened the same with new nails, having another holy brother's 
son in his company, called Straohan, and student with himself 
son to Mr. William Strachan, parson of Daviot. Their prodigal 
spending, drinking, and debauching, made it to be tried, after 
this regent had tane a boy of his, called Mathisoxi« who k^ 
his chamber, and tormented him most pitifully for the eameo, 
being innocent, but the two rich fathers paid for their sons' 
theft. A great scandal to scholars, they being both students, 
and so the the matter was silenced ; but if any other student 
had done the saanen. Cant would have cried out against the 

anjoatm inftJinB«BiJy in ilM Suloit. And . eSfin *'^**— * Tmf. tO i:ho 



eoSeg^ jttlts, whetefa tlicrf withonk pn^tioii w«» oreditabfy 
kept. 

Ye heard of one Maxwell who was also accnsed of Brownisme ; 
a sillj wheelwright to his calling. This man was songht for, 
and all men forbidden out of the pulpit to receipt him ; whilk 
was dono bj our minister, Mr. William Straohan, oat of the 
pulpit, upon Sunday the bth of February. 

Upon the 14th of September, James Anderson, an honest 
bnigess of Aberdeen, cansed bring to the kirk a bairn whilk 
his wife had new born, to be baptized, because it was weak, 
about two afternoon, and conveened his gossips and comers, as 
the custom is. Then the father goes to the ministers to come 
and baptize his bairn, being weak, bnt ilk ane after other 
answered, they would not baptize till after the lecture was done. 
The bairn grows weaker; the father goes again, but still 
refused ; at last the father causes ring the bell the sooner, to 
make them come to their lecture, but they sat still till the hour 
oame ; but before the lecture was done, the silly infant deceases 
in the comers' arms at the pulpit foot, without benefit of 
baptism. The people fell all in murmuring and amazement at 
the doings of thdor ministers; and the father and friends 
conveened waxed wonderful sorrowful ; but Mr. John Oswald, 
who said the lecture, perceiving the bairn to be dead, said, 
sinee the bairn is dead in the kirk, cause bury it in the Mrk ; 
whilk was instantly done, whereat sundry godly persons were 
not well content at this church government. In like manner, 
Thomas Blackball, a burgess <S the town, caused bring his 
lawful bairn to the kirk to be baptized upon the 10th of April 
before, and held up the bairn in his own hand, as the custom 
is ; but Mr. Andrew Cant would not give the bairn baptism in 
the father's hand, till a gossip got the bairn in his hand, alledg- 
ing he was a papist. 

Upon Wednesday ^le 6th of December, Gilbert Brack, one of 
the town's officers, caused bdng a baixn, bom to him of his 
wife, called " — ^ Silver, to the Itooture lesson, where Mr. John 
Bue, the minister, had taught, to be baptized ; but because 
this bairn was not brought to him when he was baptizing some 
other bairns, he would not gfive baptism to this young infant, 
whereupon the simple man was forced to bring back his child 
xmbaptized frae the kirk to his own house. The wife lying in 
childbed, hearing her child was not baptized, was so angry, 

tbAtibetovaedher Ua^ to the "wallf mt to»Me4 imnedi. 



158 

ately, thronghplain displeasure ; and the bairn also ere tlie 
mom ; and the mother and her bairn in her oxter were both 
buried together. Lamentable to see how the people are thus 
abused! 

Mondaj the 25th of December^ and good Yool-daji no work 
wrought in Old Aberdeen, nor jet upon St. James's day, nor 
Stephen's daj, for all the Plundering of the ministers could do 
against it ; and upon the 27th of December, the Oldtown oolle- 
gioners got eight days' play, whether the masters would or not. 

1644. 

Ye heard of the marquis of Argyll's coming to Drum, and of 
the earl Marischall's coming to him, and of the Irish regiment, 
whilk regiment lived upon the laird of Drum's victual and 
goods. The marquis shortly removed the two ladies, and shut 
them out at the yetts per force (albeit the young lady was his 
own sister's daughter) with two gray plaids about their heads. 
Their haill servants were also put to the yett, but the ladies 
came in upon twa wark naigs, in a pitiful manner, to New 
Aberdeen, and took their lod^g in the goodwif e of Auchlun- 
cart's lodging, then dwelling in the town. Then the Irish soldiers 
fell to and plundered the place of Drum, wherein was store of 
insight plenishing and timber work ; they killed and destroyed 
the bestial, nolt, sheep, and kine, for their meat ; they brake 
up gimels, where they had meal and malt. They found yerded 
in the yard of Drum a trunk filled with silver wark, plate^ 
goldsmith's wark, jewels, chains, rings, and other ornaments 
of great worth, and estimate about twenty thousand pounds, 
whereof some was seen in Aberdeen. Thus thir ladies being 
removed with their servants, and all things plundered by the 
Irish rogues, then the marquis appointed a captain with fifty 
musketeers of thir people to keep this house, and left two 
pieces of ordnance also with them, where they lived upon the 
laird's gimels and goods while they were removed, and others 
put in their place. There was f oUowing this Irish regiment 
about fifty-one women, with some young children; thir women 
were quartered in Old Aberdeen ; they got nothing but house- 
room, for they received weekly out of the gimels of Drum, ilk 
woman two pecks of meal, whereon they lived, and was punctu- 
ally brought to the Oldtown and paid. They had a captain 
over them, to see them weekly paid, and that they did no 
wrong ; so thir women remained in Old Aberdeen as long as 
i<he men staid in Dnu%and when they mnoyed then^ca^ they 



169 

removed ont of the Oldtown witibont doing any wrong. Thus 
is this ancient house of Dmm opprest, spoilzied, and pitifully 
plundered^ without any fault committed by the old laird thereof, 
hut only for his two sons following the house of Huntly, and 
as was thought sore against his will also. Always this to be 
noted for the marquis of Argyll's first piece of service in this 
play, without love or respect of his sister's daughter,' or the 
innocence of the old laird of Drum; where for a while I will 
leave him, doubtless in grief and distress. 

About this time, captain Alexander Keith, brother to the 
earl Marischall, raised an horse troop, and sir William Forbes 
of Craigievar another horse troop, to attend this country ; but 
sore was Old Aberdeen oppressed with the first troop, which 
came upon the last of July, had free quarters two days, and 
cut down the green growing bear to their horses ; pitiful to 
behold ! 

Our ministers are become pridef ul, and great railers out of 
pulpit, without respect of persons ; and so rigorous in their dis- 
cipline, that the people could not bide their pridef ul behavioor, 
and none durst find fault with thir disorders. 

Mr. William Baitt, one of our Oldtown baillies, brought in a 
drill-master to learn our poor bodies to handle their arms, who 
had more need to hold the plough, and win their living. The 
town was evil vexed ; it was divided in three quarters, and ilk 
quarter went out with their baillies time about, and began the 
8rd of September. This gouked gyse was begun by our 
baillie, to shew his love to the good cause, being a main Gove- 
nanter. The town was forced to pay their drill-master daily 
twenty-four shillings of fee, wherewith they greatly grudged ; 
but it lasted not long. The baillies brought out of Aberdeen 
thirty-eight muskets, upon band to restore or pay the value of 
them, done chiefly by this Mr. William Baitt. 

UONTROSE'S attack on ABERDEEN. 

Upon Friday the 13th of September, about eleven hours, our 
army begins to march out of the town. Lieutenant Montrose 
writes a letter to the provost and baillies of Aberdeen, sends a 
drommer to tuck a parley, and a commissioner to deliver the 
letter, whilk bare a command and charge to render the toym 
to him as lieutenant to his majesty, and in the king's name, 
whereby he nu^fht have peaoeabto entertawmont to na^ bSs^ 



im 

BuJMty's proolamatioiki^ and i^ ordenf M hs thonght fit ; pro- 
mising aBsiuraiice that no more harm or prejudice shoold be 
done to the town, bnt to take their entertainment that night ; 
otherwise if they wonld disobey, he desired them to remove 
old aged men, women,, and children, ont of the gate, and to 
stand to their periL This letter was deliyered to the provost ; 
he convenes his council at the Bow Bridge, in Alexander 
I^dlater's house, where the lord Burleigh, the lieutenant 
Amot, Mr. James Baird, and some others was. They caused 
the commissioner and drmnmer drink heartily, and sends an 
answer (by the way, the drummer was unhappily slain). 
Montrose f and their answer was to stand out and defend them- 
selves to the uttermost ; and finding his drummer, against the 
law of nations, most inhumanly slain, he grew mad and furious 
and impatient, our army being upon their march when he was 
slain, about eleven hours, towards the Justice Mills. At the 
receipt of whilk answer, the lieutenant comes quickly, march- 
ing f rae the Twa Mile Cross to meet us, charging his men to 
kill all, and pardon none. 

Our cannon begems the play ; our troopers pursue hastily ; 
tiM enemy shot their cannon, and defend stoutly also with 
musketeers ; the fight continues during the space of two hours ; 
at last we take the fiight ; our troops upon horseback wan 
safely away, except sir William Forbes of Craigievar, and John 
Forbes of Largie, who were taken prisoners. There was little 
slaughter in the fight ; but horrible was the slaughter in the 
flight fleeing back to the town, which was our townsmen's de- 
struction; whereas if they had fled, and not come near the 
town, they might have been in better security, but being com- 
manded by Patrick Leslie, provost, to take the town, they 
were undone. Yet himself and the prime covenanters being 
on horseback, wan away safely. The lieutenant follows the 
chase into Aberdeen, his men hewing and cutting all manner 
of men they could overtake within the town, upon the streets, 
or in their houses, or round about the town as our men were 
flying, with broad swords, without mercy or remead. Thir cmel 
Irishes, seeing a man well clad, would flrst tirr him, to save 
his cloaths unspoiled, syne kill the man. We lost three pieces 
of cannon, with much good armour, besides the plundering of 
our town, houses, merchants' booths, and all, which was pitiful 
to see ! The lord Burleigh, Mr. ^exander Jafi&ay, and his 
sons, Mr. Bobert Farquhar, Walter Cochran, Mr. James Baird, 
advocate in Edinburgh, and diverse other Covenanters, wan 
away. Montrose follows the chase into the town, leaving the 

Ifo^ pf Im dxmj rtftuding olos9 unbroken whUQ his retwsi 



161 

excepting such as fonght the field. He had promised them 
the plundering of the town for their good service, but he 
stayed not, but returned back from Aberdeen to the camp this 
samen Friday at night, leaving the Irishes killing, robbing, 
and plundering of this town at their pleasure, and nothing was 
heard but pitiful howling, crying, and weeping, and mourning 
through all the streets.* 

Upon this samen Tuesday, and 19th of November, the earl 
of Lothian's regiment, consisting of about five hundred mus- 
keteers and pioneers were quartered upon poor Old Aberdeen, 
and upon the mom were had to New Aberdeen, where they 

lay to the day of , as ye may see hereafter, without 

doing any good. . Argyll ordained ilk soldier to get two pecks 
of meal, and twelve slullings of money weekly, and this to be 
brought in by the heritors of the country, and Aberdeen to 
furnish them coal, house-room, and candle only ; the meal came 
in, but no monies, whilk the town of Aberdeen was compelled 
to pay, and a boll of meal came in out of every hundred merks 
rent ; the country paid the rest. Then order was taken for 
sustaining the troopers' horse meat, and men's meat, in the 
shires of Aberdeen and Banff, estimate to be about one thousand 
horse, wbilk was so grievous that the countrymen could not 
sustain them. Thir troopers were quartered freely through 
diverse parishes, some upon ilk landlord, and some on ilk 
plough of ground. There were three regiments of horse, one 
under sir Thomas Hacket, one under sir Patrick M'Gie, and 
one under lieutenant crowner Innes. There was quartered in 
Banff and Murray, the lord Gordon's regiment; and major 
Ramsay was general over the troopers in this sheriffdom, 
whilk was ordained to be quartered only within three presby- 
teries, viz., the presbytery of Aberdeen, BUon, and Deer. 
Order was given, that ilk trooper should eat and drink at six- 
teen shillings ilk day, and his horse a peck of oats, with 
fodder ; and if the trooper was not content with his cheer, to 
coimt for cake and pudding with the goodwif e, and compel her 
to pay money for what he wanted. Thus is thir north parts 
grievously bom down and vnrecked by the estates and good 
Argyll. 

Marvellous to see the king's lieges thus to be oppressed ! 
And Thomas Menzies fled the kingdom, with his wife and 



* Spalding gives the names of 118 citizens who wqcq «&&iask\siV!ccak^SQ2Su^^ 
ment. 



162 

cliildren, for his religion ; yet his rents are disponed. Mr. 
Alexander Irvine flees the country, and sailing to France he is 
taken by the way and brought to Edinburgh, where he is 
warded in the tolbooth ; yet his rents are disponed. His 
brother, Eobert Irvine, durst not be seen ; his rents are also 
disponed. The other gentlemen, for favouring the king and 
following the marquis of Huntly, as ye have heard, fled the 
kingdom, and durst not be seen, ]^et their rents are disponed 
to set up the losses of the king's enemies and unfriends, with- 
out the advice or authority of his majesty, but only set out by 
the estates of the land ! 



THE BATTLE OP OOEEICHIE. 

The following ballad, which bears unquestionable marks of 
antiquity, appeared in ** Euddiman's Weekly Magazine " about 
the middle of last century. The circumstantial detail given, 
and the names of those that fell, differ considerably from the 
account given by Enox and our other historians. Enox ex- 
pressly says that the Earl of Huntly, upon being taken, died 
without any wound, and gravely adds that he was, that same 
night, carried to Aberdeen that the prediction of his wife's 
witches might be fulfilled, who had said that he, the Earl, 
should be in Aberdeen the night after the battle without any 
wound in his body. " When my lady heard the news," says 
he, " she blamed her principal witch, called Janet, who stoutly 
defended herself (as the devil can do), and affirmed that she 
gave a true answer, albeit she spoke not all the truth, for she 
knew that he would be there dead, but that could not profit 
my. lady. She was angry and sorry for a season ; but the 
devil, the mass, and witches had great credit with her." 

The tradition certainly prevails that Huntly was killed by 
Stuart of Inchbreck. It is said that the Earl's body was 
brought to Aberdeen the night after the battle, and that it 
was thrown on the pavement of the Tolbooth in the most un- 
becoming manner. Ejiox says that on the day after the 
discomfiture, the *^ Lady Forbes, among many others, came to 
see the body ; and, seeing him lying upon the cold stones, 
having only upon him a doublet of canvas, a pair of Scots grey 
hose, and covered with an arras work, she said, ' There Ueth 
he that yesterday in the morning was esteemed the wisest, the 
i:zchest^ and a man of the greatest power that was within 
/Sootland/ And in truth she lied not i for in man's opinioni 



168 

under a prince, tliere was not sacli a one there, tliree iinndred 
years in the realm, produced.** 

The Bum of Corrichie is about two miles and a half to the 
north of Banchory- village. 

THE BATTLE OF OOBIOHIE ON THE HILL OF FAIR. 
Bmght Oetober 28, 1682. 

Mtim ye heighlands, and mtim ye leighlaads, 

I trow ye hae xneikle need ; 
For thi bonny bum o' Oorichie, 

His run this day wi' bleid. 

Thi hopefti* laird of Finliter, 

Erie Hnntly's gaUant son. 
For thi love hi bare our beanteons Qoine 

His gar't fair Scotland mone. 

Hi his braken his ward in Aberdene, 

Throa dreid o' thi fanse Mnrry ; 
And his gather't the gentle Gordone dan 

An' his father aula Hnntly. 

Fain wid he tak our bonny gnide Qnine, 

An' beare hir awa wi' >iiTn • 
But Mnrry's slee wyles spoil't a' the sport, 

An' reft him o' lyfe and lim. 

Mnrry gar't rayse thi tardy Mems men. 

An' Angis, an' momr ane mair ; 
Erie Morton, and the Byres Lord Linsay, 

An' campit at thi Hill o' Fare. 

Erie Hnntlie came wi' Haddo Gordone, 

An' conntit ane thonsan men ; 
Bnt Murry had abien twal hnnder. 

Wi' sax score horsemen and ten. 

They somidit thi bongills an' the tmmpits, 

An' marchit on in Drave array ; 
Till the spiers an' the axes forgatherit, 

An' than did begin thi fray. 

Thi Gordones sae fercelie did fedit it, 

Withonten terror or dreid. 
That mon^ o' Mnrry's men lay gasoin. 

An' dyit thi grand wi' theire bleid. 

Then faose Murry fein^t to flee them. 

An' they pursuit at his backs. 
Whan' thi naf o' thi Gordones desertit, 

An' tnmit wi' Murry in a crack. 

Wi' hether i' thir bonnits they tnmit, 

The traiter Haddo o' thir heid. 
An' slaid theire brithers an' their fatheris, 

An' spoilit an* left thsm for diai(l« 



164 

Tliatt llmry cned lo tak Uii aald Goruone, 
An' monj- ane nnwT speid ; 

Bat Stuart O* Tw fiitigMk ImH fcim f^i<4ri^^ 

An' out gndnt tlii Iki fandsne's Ueid. 



Than thej tadce bis twa flones fme( and hal^ 
An' hm tbem svra' to Aberdene ; 

Bat aair did our gnide Qnine faunemt 
ThI 



Erielfmry lo^mony aeaOant stoat man, 

'liioniitn 



Thi hopeiy Land o^ Hi ornit i it ift, 
Pittera'8 sons, an' Egli's fiur searit Laiid, 
An' mair to mi rnikwid, liell doone. 

Erie Hontlie mist ten seore o^ Ids Iva' men, 
Smn o' Jiei^ an' sum o* leigh degree 

Skeenis yoongest son, tin piyde 6* a^ttie dan. 
Was ther ran' dead, he widoa flee. 

This bloodv fecht wis terctlty fin&cfat, 

Octohri's anght an' twin^ day, 
Ciystis' fyfteen honder tfariaoore Veir 

An' twa will mark thi deidlie fray. 

Bat now tM day maist waefo' came. 
That day the Qoine did grite her fin. 

For Hontlie's galknt stalwart eon. 
Wis heidit on thi heidin hilL 

Tyve noble Gordonee wi' him hangit were 

Upon the samer fttal playne ; 
CnUe Many gar't the waeAr Qidne Inke oat. 

And see hir lover an' ligee slayne. 

I wis onr Qtdne had better frinds, 

I wis oor ooontrie better peice, 
I wis oar Lofds widna disoord, 

I wi« our wein at hame may oeise. 



EXTEAOTS FEOM OEEITS mSTOEY OF OLD* 

ABEEDSEN. 

COURTS OF OLD ▲BERDBBN. 

The old court-books of the said city being lost, the first now 
oxtant begins as follows : — 

Tho conrt of Old Aberdeen, holden December 29, 1602 years; 

the said day the haill council and community of the town did 

oloot and choose Sir Thomas Gordon of Cluny, knight, Provost 

of Old Aberdeen, and their Baillies, &o. for the ensuing year, 

mtio accepted and gaye their osA^adv fldeU-^tdminiitratione, 



\ 



les 

The KAid eoort, Mai^h 8, 1608, statntd and ordain hy laid 
HagifltrateSi 1%At tlia eommon xnercato be Holden weekly on 
K onday, according to the fundamental charter ; and that the 
merchants and craftsmen come to the cross with their mer- 
chandize, on the meroate day, at six hoars in the morning, and 
oontinne twelve hours ; ilk person disobeying nnder the pain 
of twenty shillings. But now the weekly mercate of this city 
is changed from Monday to Thursday, conform to Act of Par- 
liament, discharging bnrghs of regality and barony from 
keeping meroates on Monday or Saturday ; and has allowed to 
change them to any other day of the week, provided they 
pitch not the mercate-day of the royal burgh within four miles. 
But. fleshers axe excepted, who may keep flesh-mercates on 
those days prohibited. 

The Magistrates of Old Aberdeen were chosen for anno 

1604, and did February 2, statute and ordain. That none within 
said town brew or sell dearer ale than 12d. the pint ; nor 
dearer beer than 14d. ; under the penalty of 40s. for the first 
f&olt; £4 for the second ; and £8 for the third; and this to 
endure the said Magistrates office, and will of the council. 
Item, the said day it is statuted and ordained, That every 
pound of candles should be sold for 3b. 4 pennies, nnder the 
pain of £4. Item, that none within this town shall sell drink 
after nine hours in the evening, under the pain of ten merks. 
Item, That none within this town shall seU milk dearer than 
eight pezmies the pint. 

The Magistrates of this town, the penult day of December, 

1605, statuted and ordained. That no young man within this 
town play at cards or tables, who has no house or rent of his 
own ; that no man receipt him, otherwise they shall pay 40s. 
totiet qiioUet i and the young man who plays, shall pay 40b. 
toties quoiies. For King James YI. made an Act against 
cards and dice. 

The Magistrates, March 8, 1606, ordain, That no stranger- 
beggar be received within the town, under a penalty, and that 
for eschewing the present plague or pestilence; and it is 
statuted and ordained. That the beggars withra the town shall 
compear within the Idrk, at two hours in the afternoon, to 
receive their tc^cens ; and such as compear not, to be banished 
the town. It is statuted and ordained the said day, by the 
Magistrates, with consent of the haUl inhabitants of the tcs^^roL^ 
That said town shall be divided ixto io\a -^^dx^A^lcst ^ccosscsis^^ 



IN 

Bald plagne, and qnarter-masten appointed thereto ; a&d two 
brewers to be admitted allenarly, in every quarter. 

The Magistrates, November 28, 1606, ordain. That the haill 
inhabitants of the said town shall repair to the preaching in 
St. Machar's Eirk, on Sunday and Wednesday, under the pains 
following — viz., the goodman and goodwife of the house oon- 
travening, 6s. 8d. ; and ilk servant, 2s. Soots. 

*> 

The Magistrates, February 22, 1618, ordained, That whoso- 
ever he be that deforces the officers within said town, in 
execution of their office, and putting their decreet in execution; 
ilk person, man or wife, deforcing, shall be put to the stocks 
the space of forty, eight hours, and pay £10 before they oome 
out thereof. 

Anno 1614, April 6, it was statuted and ordained, by the 
Magistrates of the town (the kirk being lately repaired), that 
whatsoever bairn or scholar be found within the kirk or kirk- 
yard, playing or casting stones on the kirk, or breaking 
windows, that the owner of the bairn, or master of the servant, 
shall pay 6s. 8d. Scots, toiies quoties, and the vagabonds to be 
bound to the cross, and bridled thereat, and stand twenty-four 
hours bound. 

Anno 1617, November 4, the Magistrates of this town ap- 
pointed four several persons to go weekly through the town, 
and taste the drink ; and when the same is found insufficient, 
to declare the same to the Baillies, that it may be confiscate to 
the poor folks. 

Anno 1661, October 14, James Gk)rdon of Seaton, William 
Johnston of Middleton, and Captain Arthur Forbes were chosen 
Baillies for the ensuing year ; and at that time were chosen 
to be Councillors, Mr. Greorge Gordon, Professor of Philosophy 
in King's College, son to the deceased Sir Greorge Gordon of 
Haddo. Thereafter the said George Gk>rdon appHed himself to 
the study of the law, and was made president of the council of 
Scotland, and afterwards advanced by King Charles II. (in re- 
gard of his great parts and qualifications) to be High 
Chancellor of Scotland, and after that was made Earl of 
Aberdeen. To the said Mr. George Grordon were chosen Coun- 
cillors in Old Aberdeen, Mr. Patrick Sandilands, Sub-Principal 
in Baid College; Mr. William Johnston, Professor of Philo- 
sopbjr; Tbouma Gordon of KathooVa Mill -« Patrick Gordon of 



167 

fioghole, fto., all Oouncillors in said citj of Old Aberdeen for 
the year to oomei 

The said oonrt, holden April ll, 1668, by Br. Andrew Mnir, 
Mr. Patrick Sandilands and William ForbeSi Baillies ; the said 
day it was Btatnted and ordained, that no person, nor any 
inhabitant within this town, go to Seaton, or any part abont 
the town, to play at the bowls, at any time hereafter ; whoso- 
ever shall do in the contrary hereof shall pay £5 Scots, toties 
quoties, for every contravention that shall be made against 
them. And a person was set to the Principal of the College to 
restrain the students from nsing said game, in respect of 
diverse inooveniences that shall happen out thereby. 

Anno 1689, March 22, an Act was made by the Provost and 
Baillies of this town against washing at the channel within the 
chanry, or at Powie's Bridge, above the bridge, or on the com- 
mon street, under the pain of 4s. to be paid to the treasurer, and 
12s. to the officer, who is appointed to take the washing-tubs 
and deaths while they be paid ; and that for each transgres- 
sion, ioiiea quoHet, 

Anno 1689, the said Baillies made an Act anent exercising 
the inhabitants of Old Aberdeen in the discipline of war, that 
they should meet every day, except on the Sabbath-day, the 
number of twenty-four men, on the bowling-green in the 
College, at three o'clock in the afternoon ; and John Keith, 
writer in Edinburgh, is desired by the said Baillies to 
exercise them. 

Anno 1689, Mr. Patrick Gordon, humanist in the King's 
College, and Mr. James Keith, being Baillies in Old Aberdeen, 
for fear of an invasion from the Highlandmen, appointed 
nightly a guard of twenty-four men each night, by and attour 
the captains ; and to begin at nine o'clock at night, and to 
continue till five in the morning. 

Anno 1689, November 6, the said court holden by Mr. James 
Keith, Baillie ; Forasmeikle as there have been several com- 
plaints anent the deep draw-well in the deceased John Eraser's 
Close, it being level at the ground ; and that children in the 
day-time and old persons in the night have fallen into it, by 
reason there was no mantling about the top of it ; and though 
the Magistrates formerly had desired or ordered Marjory 
Irvine, relict of the deceased John Fcoaet, ^ Xsroi^^ ^Cg^s^ ^ss^ 



well with wMiTi».MTtg of timber above the Bfoimd, tad thii ihe 
had done nothing thereanent ; therefore, for preyentmg kdj 
danger for the fntnre, the said Baillie and Council order James 
Dngoid, Wright, to make the mantling of said well of his own 
timber, and order the said Marjory Irvine for one year's resat 
within the close, to pay for building of the same to the wright, 
certifying them that they shall haye retention in their own 
hands, in the first end of their respective maills ; and that the 
said msbnrsements shall be allowed them. 



EXTBAOTS FBOM THE BEGOBDS OF THE EIBE- 

SESSION AND PBESBTTEBT OF ABEBDEEN 

FBOM 1662 TO 1657. 

The said day anent the complaint given in be Elspet Dalgamo, 
spoQS to WUliam Low, against the said William, her husband, 
not onlie for debarring her from his societie be the space of thir 
six vikes bygane, but also for dinging and hurting her on the 
face with a gryt key maist carewellie and unmercifullie on Friday 
last, quhairthrow he has almaist dung out ane of her eyne to 
the gryt efifusion of her blood, as at gryter length was contenit 
in her complaint. The said William being personallie present, 
conf essit the dinging of his wyff with a key the time f orsaid, 
and he being chargit be the Magistrattis to find caution that he 
suld not put violent hands nor ding his wyff in tim coming, de- 
partit out of the Sessioun-house maist proudlie and contemptu- 
oslie, unfund caution, who being instantlie brocht back agen be 
the authoritie of the Magistrat, and brocht to the acknowledging 
of his offence, cravit pajrdon most humblie thairf or, and fand 
instantlie James Mowat cautioner for him, that he suld not ding 
nor strik his wyff in tym cumming, and the said James being 
present, becam actit cautionar for the said William to the effect 
foresaid, and the said William becam actit to releve his said 
cautionar, and in the meintyme, till f arder ordour be tane, he 
wes commandit to be put in prison in the stopell. 

The samyn day the Session ordanit David Bobertson, keeper 
of the kirk, to keep the key of the Sessioun-house dor himself, 
and to suffer nane to have acces to the prisonens in the kirk 
wolt bot sic as ministeris meatt and drink into them twyis in 
the day allanerlie, and commandit the said David thttt nae pri- 



loner be infltoit tooome np to the SeMlon*lioiu to abyd thaMa, 
aa he will be anserabil to the MagiBtrates and Seseionn. 

The said day, anent the delatioim ghren in to the Session 
against som young men and women of this citie for dansin thro 
the toun togidder this last vik the tym of the brydellis, the 
young men being cled in women's apparel, and the young 
women for dansin openlie with them thro the strettis with 
maskis on their faces, thairby passing the bounds of modestie 
and Bchamef astnes, quhilk ouoht to be in young women, namlie, 
in a ref ormit citie. Quhilk matter being ref errit to the proren- 
oial Assemblie, haldin in that burgh in this vik immediatlie by- 
gane, to be judgit be them what punishment suld be inflicted on 
Buche offendaris in tym cumming, they f and, after reasoning and 
due consideration thairof, that if any man or woman be conyict 
in the lyk monstrous behayiour in tym cumming, to wit, either 
men dansin in women's apparel, or women in men's apparel, or 
yett if women be f and dansin publiclie thro the strettis maskit 
and disg^it in sic a wanton and unchaste form in companie with 
men, that the doers sail pay a pecunial penaltie to the puir ac- 
cording to the modification of the Session, as also mak their, 
public repentance on the stuill for the first fault j and for the 
second fault sal mak their public repentance in sackcloth, con- 
form to the said act of the provincial Assemblie sait doun thair- 
upon, quhilk act, if ordanit, to be intimat from the pulpit on 
Sunday next that nane pretend ignorance in tym cumming. 

The samen day the Session finds that Marjorie Meams, 
spouse to Alexander Moir Wobster, hes yerie maliciouslie slan- 
derit and injurit Margrat Measoun, relict of umquhile William 
Mitchell, officer, in saying she suld prove the said Margrat to be 
ane witche, and for spittin thryce in her face and casting f yre, 
and thairf or convicts the said Marjorie for the slander and in- 
jurie forsaid, and for takin away and satisf ein of the slander, 
ordanis the said Marjorie to mak a public satisfaction and 
amends on her knees before the pulpit in presens of the haill 
congregation in cravin God and the said Margrat quhome she 
has offendit pardon and forgiveness, and saying openlie in pre- 
sens of the people, " Fals toung, ye leid." 

The said day Thomas Grordon, tailyour, was admoneist and 
chargit be the Magistratt to enter in servis betwixt and this 
day aucht days, or then to remove himself afif the toun. 

The said day Margrat Davidson, spouse to Andro Ad&nx^^ft^s^ 



IW 

adjndget in aae unlaw of frve pounds, to be paid to the oolleotor 
for direoti2ig her xrnra with hir beirne to St. Fithatk^i well, and 
washteg the baime thairin, for recoverie of her health, and the 
laid Margrat and her nnrs were ordanit to acknowledge thair 
offenoe bef oir the seasionn for thair f anlt, and for leaying ant 
offering in the well. 

The qnhilk day the seision, considering the abnse laitlie 
croppin in within this burgh, in that it is oom in custom that 
eyerie base servile man in the towne, when he has a baime to 
be baptesed, invites twelf or sextene persones to be his gossopes 
and godfatheris to his baime, whereas in former times the 
custom wee to invite only tua godfatheris at the most, and be 
occasion hereof if it fall out that be mair baimes to be baptesed 
at one tyme nor ane, thair cannot be places gotten to the god- 
fatheris to sit upon, besides that sundrie ither incommodities 
and skaffiries f allis out be this abuse to the prejudice of dyvers 
honest men ; for remeid whereof it is statut and ordanit be the 
magistrates, ministeris, and elderis, that it shall not be lesume 
to any inhabitant within this burgh quhasoever to invite any 
mair persones to be godfatheris to thair baime, in ony time 
oomin, but tua or four at the most, lyk as the kirk ofi&cer is 
ezpresslie commandit and prohibitit that from henceforth he 
tak up nae mair names to be godfathers, nor give ony mair np 
to the redar but four at the most, under all hiest censure he 
may incur be the contrarie ; and this ordinance to be intimat 
out of the pulpit, that the people pretend no ignorance thereof. 

The same day Janet Strathauchyer, spous of Patrick Walter, 
wes convict for misusing shamef ulUe of the said Patrick Walter, 
her husband, on Friday, at evin last, in the kirk, be banning 
him and using bitter execrations against him in presence of Mr. 
James Boss, minister ; as also, in her ain house, for pressing to 
have struck her husband, and for taking his sword in her hand 
and hosting him thairwith, as was clearlie veref eit be the said 
Mr. James Boss, and Mr. Bichard Boss, redar; in respect 
whairof the Magistrates and session ordanis the said Janett to 
be put in the joggis on ane mercat day, thairin to stand for the 
space of tua hours, and then to be carted thro the toun, and a 
croun of paper put on her head, with an inscription written on 
the same, bering the cause why she is carted ; and in the mean- 
time ordanis her to be put in prison in the kirk volt, thairin to 
remain quhilk the foresaid ordinance be put to execution against 
the said Janett. 



m 

The aald da^ the moderator exponit and deolarit that it wai 
hevylie oomplaalt npon Hr. Blohaffd Boasi minister at Dilmaoki 
that he was not STiffloient nather in dootrine nor in his life and 
conversation, in so far as it was reportit of him that he passed 
to the pulpit to preich rashlie, without meditation, and that his 
doctrine was not for the comfort nor for the edifiedng of sic ane 
notable congregationi and, thaiiH^or, the said moderator exponit 
this as one of the kirkis grivis to the laird of Dram, exhorting 
him to assist the brethren presentlie to tak sic order with his 
minister as mioht best satisfie the next Assembly, as also effec- 
tnat to himself and the parishioners a full contentment in tyme 
coming, being so notable a congregation, and for himself, laird 
almaist of the haill paroohin, lukving his place of residence sae 
near his paroch kirk, qnhair often times snndrie nobill men 
frae the south did repair, and thairfor, nae doubt, would desire 
on the Saboth till heir the Word ; and the said laird of Drum 
offerit himself reddie to concur as he wes requerd. Quhairfor 
the moderator desired the laird with the elderis, to declare the 
truth concerning their minister, who being swome, deponit as 
ef ter f ollowis : — 

John Irowing, beand swome, deponit, that Mr. Bobert Boss, 
thair minister, was somewhat edificative in his doctrine, and 
grantit that he passed sometimes, as he thocht, to the pulpit to 
teach without meditation, and deponit that he thocht that if 
he would occupy his book well that he might do better. Then 
he deponit that it was true that his minister drank sometimes 
in aill houses, as he heard be report. 

Nicol Irowyiny, being sworn, deponit, that as towards his 
ministeris doctrine and qualification thereanent knows nathing, 
and deponit sence the last admonition he hes abstainit from 
drinking in aill houses. 

Greorge Symson, swome, deponit, that his minister is not sic 
ane person as he is bruited, and as towards his doctrine, giff 
he would apply his mind constantlie to his studie, that he 
would teach meikle better nor he does. 

Alexander Baxter, sworn, deponit, that as towards the mi- 
nister's life he knows nathing thairof , because he lives far frae 
the kirk ; as to his doctrine, deponit, that it is reasonable, 
and that he is very long or he begin the preaching. 

The said day it is thocht expedient that ane baillie with 
twa of the sessioun pass thro the the toun every Sabbath-day, 
and nott sic as they find absent frae the sermones ather afore 
or efter none ; and for that effect that they ^^ fULd.«fiissX:^^^A 



in 

liOQBM as ihAf think mftiat meit, and pas afchort tho itreits i 
and ohieft^ t w now, during tlie STmmer eeasonn, thef attend, 
or cans ane attend, at tbe ferrie boat, and nott the names or 
sio as gang to Downie, that they may be pnnishit conform to the 
Act set donn aganis the brackaris of the Sabbath ; syolyke 
the Bessionn appoyntes ordonr to be tane with the absentis 
frae the sermones on the vik day, and their names notit and 
given up to the sessioniL 

The said day in respeck it was delated to the sessionn that 
the ordinar oBLdevoB and servanda of this burgh kepis not the 
sermones, but drinks both Sabbath-day and vik-day in time of 
sermon, to the great slander of the Gospel ; thairfor, it was 
devysit and ordainit be the magistrates and sessionn that the 
town's ofKcieris in tyme of sermon, both on the Sabbath and 
▼ik dayes, sail stand ilk offioier beside his own baiUie, and not 
depart fnrth of the kirk till the end of the sermon, till they be 
directet be the prorost or one of the baillies ; and in case of 
thair absens from the sermon without a lawful and reasonable 
excuse, to pay 6s. and 8d. of penalty to the poore, iotie* 
quoties. 

The said day ordanis the inhabitants of Futtie to be poyndit 
for thair absence this day fra the catechising. 

The said day the sessionn ordanis captours and visitors to be 
placed be the four baillies everie Sabbath at the several parts 
after specefeit, for noting the names of those that pas out of 
the toun fra the sermons on the Sabbath — viz., ordanis the 
baillie of Futtie quarter to cans set a watch at the Blokhouse 
for noting sio as gois ower at the ferrie boat ; the baillie of 
the Green quarter to set a watch at the Bow Brig for noting 
sic as gois to Ferryhill or to the Brig of Dee ; the baillie of 
tbe Grukit quarter to set a watch at the Womanhill ; and the 
baillie of the Ewin quarter to sett a watch at the Gallowgett 
for noting sic as pas to Auld Aberdene. 

Patrick Bodie, tailyeur, conf essit that he maid inquire at the 
Egiptianes for a gentill woman's gowne quhilk was stowne out 
of his buyth; and therefore, in respect of his consultation 
with witches, the bishop and sessionn ordanis him to compeer 
before the pulpit on Sonday nizt, and thair, immediately ef ter 
sermon, before noon, sit doun on his knees before the pulpit, 
and confes his offens in presens of the congregatioun, and crave 
God And his congregation pardon. 



178 

It is ordanit that no inhabitant within this burgh sail in ony 
time hereafter go to sermons in Fnttie kirk on the Sabbath- 
day, bot that they resort to their ain paroche kirks within this 
burgh, and heir sermons within the same both bef oir and efter 
noone, under the pain of Gs. and 8d. to be uplifted of the con- 
trayenar, toiies quotieSf for the use of the poor. 

Seing that bering of f als witnes is f orbiddin be Gk)d, and the 
transgressors of this commandement to be puneisht with the 
deth; and also seeing that shlanders, railyeing, and backbyting 
of our nychtbouris name and fame, is f als witnes bering, gif the 
sam can nocht be justly porwin in dew tyme and place : Heirf or 
it is statut and ordained that all shlanderais, bacbytaris, and 
railyears, being convict of that crim, sail, for the first fait, ask 
Gk>d mercy and the party shlanderit, in presence of the congre- 
gation ; and for the second fait, be put in the cukstuli, and say, 
Touriff^ ye leid ; and, for the third fait, be baneist the town. 
All common sholds, flyttars, and bardis to be baneist the town, 
and nocht sufferit to remaine therein for na request. 

It is ordaint that na disputation nir reasonying of the Scrip- 
tures be at dennar or supper or oppin table, quhair throw 
arises gryte contentionn and debate, and that na fiyting nor 
chiding be at time of meit, under the payne of tua s. to 
the puyr. 

That the organis, with all ezpeditioun, be removit out of the 
end of the kirk, maid profect of to the use and support of the 
puyr ; and that the prestis stallis and bakkis of altaris be re- 
movit f urth of the places quhar they now remaine, and situat 
in the parts of the kirk quhair men may be best easit be thame 
to heir the sermonis ; and sic things that servis nocht for that 
use to be otherwis disposit cr maid money of. 

The same day, Janet Gill, John Andersoun, oordonar, and 
Janet Grystie, wife to John Bobertsoun, flesher, ar unlawit ilk 
ane of them in the unlaw of thrie s. four d. for their absens f rae 
the sermons on Sunday last. 

The said day John Michel is ordaint to be put in kirk wolt, 
thairin to remain quhile he sett caution to adhear to Margratt 
Quhytt, his spous, and to intertene her as becums him. 

The said day John Bavidson, wricht, being wamit to this 
day for the second term to answer to the complaint of hi& 



. m 

wyffe ; being callit, and not comperand, the Session, in respect 
of his contmnacie, ordains him to be apprehendit, and pnt him 
in the stepill, qnhill he obey their ordinance concerning his 
adhering to his wyffe, and his behaviour to her heirafter. 

There sal be no swearing, banning, filthie speaking, or nn- 
cumlie behavionr in any families, meiMe les on the streittis ; 
the contravenaris to be scharplie pnnisched with a palmer on 
the hand, or be a penaltie of money as they may be of 
habilitie. 

James Biach haveing appearit in public, and it being ob- 
servit by certain honest persones that he did mak ane moke of 
repentance by putting in of sneishin in his eyes to make them 
tear, and by laughing upon several persones in public. The 
saids persones having given notice thairof , did appear before 
the Session this day, and gave evidence against him thairanent, 
and provlt the same sufELcientlie ; as also, it was observit his 
own miscarriage in the Session. The matter was continued 
till the next day, that the same might be presentit to the 
Fresbyterie. James was sentenced with the greater sentence 
of excommunication. On the 10th of December, he petitioned 
to be released from the sentence ; and he was made to tmdergo 
public penance every Sunday, until the 16th of March, 1666, 
when he was absolved. 

, Isobel Robertson, servant to Peter Hill, baxter, to be cited 
the next day for her rayleing against Mr. Andrew Cant, 
minister, saying that, becaus the said Mr. Andrew Cant spaik 
against Yuill, he spak like an old fool. 

The Session this day considering the distress and povertie of 
Andro Meldrem, of the Moore of lyne, who has bein this long- 
tym in ward within the wardhouse of this burgh, grantis 
threttie-tua penneis dailie to the said Andro, to continew with 
him for the space of a month from the date heirof , certef eing 
the said Andro that the Sessiotm will not bestow f order on him 
for his interteanment, quho thairefter is ordanit to hing out a 
purs at the wardhouse window, for his better help and support. 

The same day, whereas, againest the decencie observet within 
all well ref ormit churches, many of the inhabitants of this 
burgh, both men and women, brings with them their dogges to 
the parooh kirk on the Lord's day, and uther dayes in the weik, 
in tyme of sennones and Divine servioei whair throw and be 



175 

the barking and perturbation of these dogges, the people are 
aftin withiawn from hearing of God's word, and often Divine 
service is interrupted, ane tlung that is not comelie to be seen 
in the honse of God, so it is not to be comported with in a civil 
burgh ; for removing the quhilk abuse the magistrates, minis- 
ters, eldaris, and deacons of the Kirk Session of this burgh hes 
statut and ordanit, and be thir presentes, statutes and ordaines 
that no inhabitant whosoever within the same suffer thair 
dogges, whether they be mastives, curres, or messens, to 
follow them heiref tir to the paroche kirk of this burgh on the 
Saboth day, nor no uther day in the weik, in tyme of sermonea 
and public prayeris; certefyeing all these persones whose 
dogges sail be sein and knowin in the said Idrkes the tymes 
foresaid, that they, and ilk ane of them, efter tryall and 
conviction, sail pay to the collector of the Kirk Session of that 
burgh the sowme of f ourtie shillings Scots money for the use 
of the poor, totie8 quoties, by and attour that it shall be lesome 
to the scourgeris to fell their dogges. Quhilk ordinance is 
appoynted to be intimat to the inhabitants of this burgh be the 
reidaris the next Lord's day in both the churches, that none 
pretend ignorance heirof . 

The said day Alexander Kay, being delatit to the Sessionn 
as ane common niohtwalker, carter, and dycer, and intertainer 
of playaris at carts and dyce in his hous, and being accusit 
thairof in presens of the Sessioun, the said Alexander was ad- 
moneist be thame to abstene and forbore in tym cumming fra 
nicht walking, carting, and dyeing, under the pains to be 
puneist conform to the discipline of the kirk. The same day 
Robert Gutheres, cordoniir, and Thomas Hay, tincler, were 
admoneist be the Sessioune to abstene from their nicht walk- 
ing and extraordinar drinking on the nicht, and that they 
navyse intyse nor persuade Alexander Smith, cordonar, in 
drinking, nor draw him out for that effect on the nicht in tyme 
oumming, tmder the paines to be puneist as nioht walkeris and 
drunkarts. 

Forkeiping of guid order within families of Aberdene of 
bannings, swering, and blaspheming, it is concludit that thair 
salbe in every house a palmar, and the maister of the hous sail 
punish the swerar or bannar with the palmar gif he hes nocht 
geir, or in geir ewerie servant ane plack of his fie or than the 
dred of the palmar, and all utheris within his power with the 
ane or the uther, onder the pane of tinsall of his honestie, and 
this the offioeaf sail txye and see be donei and the co&temp&ar 



176 

of this ordiuauce to bo piulisliit be the magistratis and 
session. 

The quhilk day anent the directioun gevin be the last Pro- 
vincial! Assemblie to the said presbjterie to trje and exame 
Mr. Thomas Gordoon and Mr. Jhone Syncfeiir petagogis to my 
Lord Grordoone and Master of Caitness in thair reUgionn and 
upbringing of their lord and maister f oir said, compeirit the 
said petagogis, and geff a conf essionn of thair f aithe and reli- 
gionn professit presentlie within Scotland ; and on thair con- 
science testif eit they saw never ane nther religionn within this 
realme nor out of the same, except that the said Mr. Jhonne 
declarit that he being in France be the space of tua yeiris or 
thairby culd nocht half the sight of the king thereof, and upon 
the information and convoy of ane familiar of his he saw the 
king at the messe quhaimnto the said Mr. Johonn gaff na 
reverence, for his going thairto and was bott to get the sight 
of the king and nocht of the messe, quhilk he abh orris and 
detestis fra his hairt as he alledgeit and onHe professis and 
acknawledgeis this religioun in Scotland to be the true reli- 
gioun unto the quhilk they sweir and subscryvit the confes- 
sioun thairof in presens of the ministrie and presbitrie ; and 
as to the instructione off the saide lord and maister they 
declared that they teitchit thame Grammer and oratrie and on 
the Sonday a lytill catechisme and redd to thame the New 
Testament, and exponit the samen to thame. In end they war 
allowit ef tir triell, and ordenit to be verey carf ull and diligent 
to treame thame up in that religioun quhilk they professit and 
hes suome unto and that they micht the better bring thame up 
injoynit it to thame to reid and teitche thame the conf essionn 
of Beza and the catechisme of Calvin and thairwith to reid 
ilk day tua chapteris of the Bible quhilk they promesit 
to do. 

The said day certan personis chargit bef oir the Assemble for 
plaing, dansin, and singin off f ylthe carrolles on Yeull Day, at 
evin, and on Sonday, at evin, thairefter ; the quhilk personis 
com and grantit thair f aut, and vas punist for the same (the 
names folowing, Jonet Troup, Elspet Mongumre, Mage Mair, 
Jonet Bed, Nans Murray, Jonet Lyndsay, Marione Bait, Nana 
May, Isabell Cullen, Jonet Murray, Nans Dower, and Alex- 
ander Fydleris vyff, Andrew Buk's senrand, Thomas Carton's, 
and an old voman callit Mage). 

The Baid daj lia^ Mareson is deordt to pay 60. 8d. to the 



magiitmt, tod Andro OathnoM is beoomis ottBlioii tixt h» re- 
pentanoe malring qohen she is reqnirit, and that for the abnamg 
of hir selff in claything d hir with mennes clayee at the like 
[wake] of G^rge Ehnisljes wife. 

The said day the sessiotm decreit that gif Christian Fodrin- 
game, Isobel Freser, Burnett Bait, with their complices, tryit 
presentlie as dansares in mennes claythes, tmder silence of 
nycht, im houss and throcht the tonn, beis f undin heirefter in 
the like fait, thai sail be debarrit fray al benefite of the kirk, 
and oppinlie proclamit in pulpit. 

The samyn day the sessiotm ordanis that all women of this 
biirght, of honest repntationn, qnha ar of habilitie to hawe 
stnlUis sail eyerie ane of them hawe stnillis in the kirk to sitt 
ypon in tyme of preaching and prayeris, conf orme to the act 
of connsaU maid thairanent, quhilk thay ordane to be done 
within f oortie dayes efter the dEut heirof ; and ordanis intima- 
tiomi to be maid herof , and of the remanent statutes aboue 
wretin from the pulpit, and that the said f ourtie dayes being 
bypast, the haill seattis for women af oir the daskis salbe takin 
avay be the maister of kirkwark. 

The samen day anent the bill of solander gevin in be Jonett 
Adamsoun, relict of umquhill Fatrik Straquhyn, aganis Kathe- 
rine Elanzeaucht, spouse to James Galloway, ddetter, becaus 
the said Katherine is a common flyter and injurer of her nioht- 
bouris, and hes bene verie oft hard befoir the sessiounj re- 
ferris hir to the magistrattis to be put in the joggis for her 
flyting and evil toung, with certifioatioun, gif scho be fund 
culpable heirefter, to be baneist. 

The samen day the sessioun findis that James Murdo, baxter, 
hes sclanderit Isobell Home, spouse to James Mylne, warkman, 
in saying to hir she wes a witche karline, he shuld gar her 
feitt be hett,and convictis tlie said James of the said sklander; 
and in respect thairof ordanis the said James to mak her ane 
publict amendis and satisfactioon on his kneis, publictlie 
befoir the pulpitt in presence of the congregatioun on ane 
Saboth day, or then publictlie in the sessioun hous befoir the 
ministris and sessioun, in the optioun of the said Isobell 
Home, partie sclanderit, be confessing his offence and craving 
hir pardoun thairf or and professing he knawis nothing of hir 
bot honeitie. 



17S 

Tlie qnhilk day, ef ter incalHng of God, A^es Gray, spoils 
to Archibald Boyc^ compering in presence of the magistrattis 
and sesEdoim, wes accusit be the moderatour for debarring and 
Btopping the said Archibald, hir husband, at his lait retoming 
from Danskyn to this bnrt, vpon the penult day of July last 
by past, to enter within his awin hous, and haulding him vio- 
lentlie at his awin dur, and navayes sufi'ering him to enter 
within the same. The said Agnes confessit he wes hanldin at 
the dur be James Gordoun, sone to the gudeman of Laslie, 
echo not being within the hous for the tyme, bot affirmit and 
awowit maist peirtlie and impudentlie the same wes done be 
hir allowance and f oirknaulege lyk as she opinlie awerit he 
shuld never be a husband to hir, and a blankatt shuld never 
cover thame ; in respect of quhais impudent and schameless be- 
haviour being also very Glanderous, the magistrattis and 
sessioun ordanis the said Agnes to be presentlie committit in 
ward within the tolbooth of this hurt, thairin to remane on 
bread and watter, ay and quhill sche be put to the triell of ane 
inquest of hir nichtbouris gif sche be a lawfull nichtbour or 
not, and ordanis the said James Gordoun to be cited to com- 
peir befoir thame the mome, immediatlie efter the ending of 
the morning prayeris. 

Thair is sindrie that, coming to the sermone, abydes nooht 
till the same be endit, but some startis up in the middis 
thairof , and, being endit, the maist pairt removes and tarries 
nocht the last prayer and blessing, quhilk is ane gryte offence 
and abuse of Grodis service and ewil exemple, quhairat the 
ministeris at thair teaching ar nocht litUl greivit. For 
remedie it is concludit be the presbyterie, magistrattis, and 
sessioune that the officearis of the toime, with kirk ofGlcear, sail 
stand at the kirk dor during the tyme of divine service quha 
sail hald in and bring back sic as removis befoir the tyme of 
divine service, except they be seik and may nocht endure sa 
lang ; and giff ony being stayat will nocht retire, bot def orois 
the officearis, the kirk officear to note thair names and gif 
thame in wreit to the magistrattis to punisch as absentie, and 
def orcearis sic as contemnis this ordinance and sa to be double 
punischit. 

The samyn day James Dun grantit that, at his being furth 

of the cuntrie, he hard mess, and tuke the sacrament thereat, 

and wes swome to the religioun prof essit be the Palp at the 

Baid Jamea being in Bome, and thairf or is ii^oyned to onm thii 



170 

day auoht dayes and begin his repentance in saokclofch for his 
apostaoie. 

The samen day the magistrattis and sessioun ordanit inti- 
mationn to be maid out of pulpitt, that na beggaris get any 
almes within this burgh, except sic as bearis the townis 
taikine; and intimatioun to be nudd also heirof be the 
drum, that the towne may be purgeit of eztranear beggeris, 
and that the townis awin puir may be the better helpit and 
susteanit. 

Item, that young baimis, quha ar not at the schoole, and 
ar not of sic aige and di^ositioun as they can take thame 
seMs to ane seatt quhen they cum to the kirk, bob vaig throw 
the same heir and thear in tyme of sermone, and mak per- 
turbatioun and disordour, be not sufferit to cum to the kirk in 
tyme of sermone, bot kepit at hame, for eschewing of clamour 
ajid disorder in the kirk. 

Thomas Maine compearit this day and enacted himself that 
he should frequent sermones $ and in respect that the said 
Thomas declared befor the sessioune that he would never 
heare Mr Andro Cant preaohe, becaus he haid excommunicat 
his Sonne, the sessiotm thairfore appointed him to keepe 
the new kirk in the f orenoone, and the old kirke in the eft^- 
noone, that he might haue no pretence of excuse why he did 
not frequent the ordinances ; and the said Thomas vndertook 
so to doe. 

Forsameikle as certedne personnes within the cite being sus- 
pect of poperie and dishaunters of ordinances aflirme, quhen 
they or onie of them are inquyred after that they keepe the 
new kirke ; the sessioune thairf or ordaines that one of their 
number saJl keepe the new kirk Sabbathlie thair day about to 
see if such persons keep the said church as they alledge. 

The said day G^org Meldrum reported that he haid attendit 
the new church yesterday, being the Lord's day, and did see 
none of the parsonnes suspect of poperie or dishaunters of 
ordinances in the said church, except William Andersonne and 
Thomas Moncur in the forenoono, and none at all afternoon. 
Walter Melwill appointed to attend tlie next day. 



lao 

BXTBAOTS VSQM THE PRBSBIXBaiT BOOK Of 

STBATHBOGIE. 

M QarOay^ Ua JuUi, 168L 

CoKTEiNED moderator and brethrein. Mr. Alflgmder InneB 
taught Luce 22, v. 4Q, 

Mr. William Bead, minister, being removed, reportit weiU 
of him, but regratit that he taxed the faults of the parochinais 
bitterli, and not in the language of the scripture, quherlyy the 
peple, insteade of being edified, wer moved to laughter and de- 
risione $ and that he spendit over schort tjme in catechising 
bis peple bef or the oommnnione, viz., four days in the Fasche 
week. The brethrein exhorted him to amend hu defects, and to 
begine his examinatioones at least seven weeks befor the tjme 
of the oommnnione. 

M JBotan, Martu 28, 1633, 

Jonet Abercrombi, spous to James Grordoun at the myln of 
Botari, and Agnes Jerret, spous to Adam Fanton in Aooham, 
being snmmond for not hearing of the word, not communi- 
cating thir diverse yeers bygain, for resorting to maBses, and 
going in pilgrimage, setting on of bonfyxes, and for other 
■iq)erstitions rites and oeremoneis, contzari to the law of Gtod 
and statutes of this kingdome, as is mor at lenth contained in 
the principal summonds, execote be James Sloraoh, kizk 
affidar, Kartii 22, they compeirit not. Ordainit to be fnia- 
iaanidltpro2^ 

At InntrheUkH^f September 14, 1686. 

Peter Wat summond to this daye for going in pilgrimage 
to the chappell beyond the water of Spey, compeared and con- 
fessed his fault. Ordained to make his repentance, and to 
paye four markes penaltye. 

Agnes Jack sumonded to this daye for goeing in pilgrimage 
to the same chappeU, compeared, and coid^essed that i^e went 
to the said chappell with ane diseased woman, but gave her 
great oath that she vsed no kynd of superstitious worship. 
tihe is ordained to make her publike repentance, and to ab- 
Btaine from the lyke in tyme comeing. 

At GaHlyy September 28, 1636. 
George Gknrdoimei in Eynie, being cited bef or the sesnon of 



181 

Bgmid to pfopliMieingr ^e Sabbath, b^ gathering grosevs in 
tyme of sermon, to rtoike sale of tbem, appealed to the presby- 
terie, and compeared, and oonfeeeed that he was not at the 
sermon by reason of sioknes. He confessed also that he went 
with his children, after noone, into his yard and gathered 
grocers, but not in great for sale. Mr. Henry Bosse took him 
to prove, against the next' meeting of the presbyterie after the 
synode, that he gathered these grozers, with his servants and 
diildren, in tyme of divyne service, and that in great, to make 
sale of them. 

M JSotary, January 11, 1637. 

James Fraser, James Bnmet, being samonded to this daye 
to beare witnesse that George Gordonne, Bynie, did cause 
gather grozers for sale in tyme of sermon, vt supra, at Gartly, 
September 28, 1636, compeared, and being a^nitted by the 
said Gtoorge, war swome, and deponed thus : James Bnmet 
deponed that he nevir saw George Gordonne gather any on the 
Sabbath for sale, and that he (being the said Greorge servant) 
did never gather any, vnles it wer some few to fill his month. 
James Fraser deponed as James Bnmet., 

M Soiary^ JIfareh 29» 1687. 

Fatrik Wilsone snmonded, apud acta, to answere, this daye 
anent his night drinking,^ compeared. Mr. Joseph Brodye, to 
prove his allegances against him, produced witnesses, namely, 
James Morisone, Greorge Wilsone, Johne Wilsone, who, being 
all admitted and swome, deponed as after f oUowes : James 
Morisone deponed^ that he contiaued drinking till cockcrowe> 
and that he and bis companye dranke eleven pyntes aill ; mor- 
ouer, the said James deponed that in his drunkennea he stroke 
James Troup, messroger, with his band, and that he rayled 
against some gentlemen in the parish. George Wilsone de- 
poned that he left Fatrik Wilsone and his companye drinking 
after cockcrowe, and that he strake and rayled, vt supra. 
Johne Wilsone deponed that the said Fatrik was ouercome 
witb drinke, and that he drank after cockcrowe. The brethren 
ordained the said Fatrik tastand insackcloth tno Sabbaths, and 
to paye four markes penaltye. 

AtSdtary„Apryl 12, 1637. 

Issobell Malcolme, parisMonw of Botarye, smnonded to this 
dagre> te' ehanating,. compMree^ and oenfeiflcd that sbe had 



181 

been in me of olilinneing tUs twenty yeeret , and, being »• 
qnyred to name some of these whome she had charmed, she 
named Jeane Budderf nird, sponse to James Gk>rdonne, in Tor- 
risoyle, and [ ] Innes, sponse to Johne Oghvye of 

Hiltonne ; she confessed that she had charmed both these 
gentlewomen for the baime bed ; and siolyke, she confessed 
that she had charmed ane chyldes sore eye in Bade, within the 
parish of Buven. The oensnre of the said Issobell was con- 
tinued in hope that she should be found yet more j^ltye. 
The moderator, Mr. Bobert Jameson, reported that, he hearing 
that she vsed charmeing, he raised her from the table, she 
having a purpose to communicat. 

At Sotary, January 8, 1640. 

Ohristane Bind and Thomas Duff, summonded for sending 
for Issobell Maloolme in Glasse, supposed to be a witche, for 
consulting with her, and receiving charmes and directiones 
from her. The said Ohristane compeared not. Ordained to be 
sumonded i^ro secnndo. 

At Botarie, Jumi 15, 1642. 

The said day, Mr. Bobert Jamesone reported that he hade 
given John Matman, murtherer of Walter Boyne, his second 
admonition to the censures of excommunicatioun, and that he 
remayned as yet werie obstinate, and was vseing all meanes to 
elude the censures of the presbyterie, and hade imbarked some 
of good note in that busines, tobearehim out in his wickednes, 
and disturbe the said Mr. Bobert his peace, alledging that he 
was soght out of splene. Nether wold he pey ony pecxmiall 
mulct, to be imployed ad pios vsus ecclesiae, Incace that the 
kirk wold refuse his repentance, he wold take instrument of 
his offer, and then no minister within the presbyterie durst 
excommunicate him. The ministrie and ruleing elderis this 
day present, considering the said John to be a wicked and 
ewill disposed persone, quho hade no true signes of repent- 
ance ; and also that, besyde the slaughter of Walter Boyne, he 
was guiltie of the murther of umqi2iill George Wyseman, in 
Drumdelgie, for the quhich he hade nether made nor offered any 
satisf actioun to the partie nor to the church, but was lying 
under proces (befor the civill judge), yet wndiscussed, wpon 
suspensiones raised at the said John his instance ; and siclyke, 
that he had bound Jeane Davidsone, daughter to Alexander 
Davidsone, webster, to a post, and hade brydled her without 
ony just cans, and to the gryt efihsion of her blood, quho lay 
hel^fast » yeiT therefter ; and also, out of his drunken humour, 



188 

lie freqnentlid vsed to brydle liifl owne wyflb ; and that lie 
regarded nether admonitioun nor church censnre, hot plainlie 
affirmed that he wold doe nothing hot that quhilk his maister 
commanded him to doe. In consideration of the premisses, 
the brethren finding them selff bund in conscience, as likwayea 
be the lawis and statutes of this kirk and kingdome, to adver- 
tise the magistrate in the cans of bluid, quhilk cryes for wen- 
geanoe wpon the haill land quher the same is shed, without 
punishment ; and also finding themselfis bund by the statutes 
of this kirk to excommunicate such offenderis, quho intendes 
to elude the severitie of justice be ony meanes quhatsoever 
besyde the tryall of their innocencie, and that such persones 
are not to be admittit to the societie of the church until such 
tyme as ether the mag^trate punish according to the law, or 
els pardon the oryme ; and also quhill tbe offender give suffi- 
cient signes of repentance, least, admitting impenitent persones 
to the samen, God should be therby mocked, and highlie 
ojQTended with such aa admittis them thervnto. Therfor the 
whole presbyterie, with one consent, discharged the said Mr. 
Kobert ether to receive penaltie or repentance from the said 
John Matman wntil the tyme that he wer ether declared inno- . 
cent of the said crymes be a lawfull assysse befor the civil 
judge, and had also satisfied the partie, and obtained a lettre of 
Slaynes from all haveing interest, as also the supreme magis- 
trates pardon and remissione for the said slaughteris and 
crymes ; and withall ordained the said Mr. Robert to pronoxmce 
the sentence of excommunicatioune against him, and to dilate 
him to the civill judge, that order may be taken heirwith. 

At Inverkeithnie, Vlth August, 1642. 

The said day, the brethren f and also the fabrik of the kirk 
well repaired, windowes well glased, dores and pulpit covered 
with greene, be contributioun for the maist of the Laird of 
Frendraught, quha hade given also a pulpit cloth, tuo cupis, 
vorth aught score lbs. for the communion, and hade ereotit 
communion tables on his owin expenses. 

At Eynie, V Septenibris, 1642. 

Mr. Henry Bos, minister, being removed, and the elderis 
being suome what they knew concerning the said Mr. Henry, 
or quhat might inable him in his ministrie, being posit, they 
deponed, on their oath, all in one woyce, that concerning his 
literature he was werie weake, and gave them litle'or no con- 
fort in his ministries bot, as concemini^ ba&'^<b^\k& ^^<:^!^ 



mendit, and wm blamelM now in his oomrenatloim. Th» Mid 
Mr. Henry regpratit that the parooldneriB frequentit not the 
churchy nor asslBtit him in d&cipline, bot despysit him, and 
that they hade no discipline, no seasione since Febmare last, 

M Ahereherdowr, IM July, 1648. 

Mr. Biohard Maitland, and thes that yer sent yith him to 
the lady of Frendranght, reported that shoe promised to heir 
the Yord, and desyred a tyme for fnrther resolutionne. The 
bretherin thought meet that hir minister vith Joseph Brodie 
sonld yet speak hir, and sie if shoe void be a daylie hearer, and 
keip »milie vorship yith ye rest of the familie, then to gine 
hir some short space, qnhilk if shoe refused, the process to goe 
on against hir. 

Jit Botarie^ %U% Jamtarii, 1649. 

The said day, Kr. John Beidftird reported that, after sermon, 
oat of the pulpit, he did gie the Lady Frendranght the first 
pnblict admonition the last day of December, 1648 ; and, ypon 
the seyenth day of Jannar, after sermon, he had ginen the 
Lady Frendranght the second pnblict admonition. Ordained to 
proceid. 

AU Botane, 7th Fehruary, 1649. 

l^e said day, Mr. John Beidfnrd reported by his letter, 
that, yp<m the twenty-eighth of Jannar, he had g^nen the Lady 
Frendranght the third and last pnblict admonition, and ypon 
the f omrth February, 1649, he had ginen the f orsaid lady the 
first prayer. Ordained to proceid. 

Att Botarie, 2Sth Martii, 1649. 

The sfud day, Mr. Johne Beidfnrd reported that he had 
g^en the Lady Frendranght the third and last prayer, after 
sermon, out of the pnlpit, the twenty-fifth Martii ; and lykyys, 
he had snmmondit the said Lady Frendranght to compeir 
bef oir the presbyterie, at Botarie, the 28th Martii, ther to heir 
and sie the process reyised and allowed that the sentence of 
ezcommnnicationn may be pronounced, or then to alledge ane 
reasonable cause yhy the samen sould not be done ; yith cerfcifica- 
tioun, if shoe compeirnot, the f orsaid sentence yold be decerned 
to be pronounced against hir. Immediatlie therafter being 
c»220^ oampeaed ncS. The proceaae ordained to be extract 



ISI 

agfaintt tlie nixt day and inbforTTed, [tliat] the lentenoe xoiglit 
be prononnoed. 

Mi Sahmay, f»th Sepimbtr, 1640. 

Hr. Johne Bddfnrd beingf posed qnbat diligenoe lie bad 
▼Bed to tbe Lady Frendrangbt, reported, sboe be^ bard tbree 
sermons, and so, as be tbongbt, sboe intended to oontinow ane 
bearer. Tbe bretbren, considering her long continowed oon- 
tomacie and delay of ber process, by beiring a sermon now and 
tben, tboogbt not tbat kynd of beiring satisf aotorie, qnberfor 
Mr. Bobert Watson, and Mr. Bobeort IzYing, ver ordained to goe 
Titb Mr. Jobne Beidford, and reqnyre tbe said Lady to snb- 
soryv tbe Covenant, qnberby she might testifie her oonf ormitie 
▼itb tbe kirk of Scotland, qnbilk, if shoe refused, the said Mr. 
Jobne vas ordained to pronounce the sentence of exoommnnioa- 
tionn against bir before tbe Frovinoiall Assemblie, as be void 
be answerable therto. 

Mi BoinfflM, m Jutd/, 1650. 

Mr. Jobne Beidford reported, tbe Lady Frendrangbt bad 
snbscryyed tbe Solemn Lesgne and Govenant, and abjured 
Poprie in the senerall headis and articles in tbe National 
Ckmenant. 

Ai Soiarie^ October 27ih, 1652. 

Tbe brethren sent from the presbytrie to speak tbe Ladie 
Botbemay, younger, and the Ladie Einardie, anent their falling 
away to poprie, reported, that the Lady Botbemay promised to 
oommnnicate bir somples to hir owne minister, and to oonf erre 
with him ; and that the Lady Kinardie was obstinato, declaring 
birself e to be none of onr church, and shoe would neither bear 
hirself e nor suffer hir daughters to beaie ; professing, moreoyer, 
that shoe repented of her former repentance more than of anie 
sinne that ever shoe committed, and thought tbat shoe bad rea- 
son to repent all ber lyf e time for subscryving the Nationall 
Covenant and Solemne League and Covenant. They reported 
also, that Janet Williamson and Janet Knows, two professed 
papists, were kept by the said Ladie, within the f amilie, con- 
trare to her husbands mynd. It was ordained that shee should 
be summonded against the nizt day, to answer for hir perjurie 
and apostacie ; and recommended to Mr. Jhon Beidfurd to pro- 
ceed against the two women, and xnak report to the pceab^tic^« 



166 



,Ji Botarie, Apryl 67, 1663. 

Mr. Jolm Beidfnrd advertised tlie ptesbytrie of the Ladie 
Kinardie hlr retume from Edinburgh. "Ba was ordaind to 
cause summond her to the next day, for her apostade to poperie. 

M Botarie, 2^ May, 1658. 

Mr. John Beidfnrd reported that Dame Elizabeth Gordon, 
Ladie Kinardie, was not snmonded to this day, according to the 
ordinance of the presbytrie, and that in respect the officer who 
sonld have sununonded her was sick. The ordinance was re* 
newed. 

At BotarU June 8, 1663. 

Dame Elizabeth Qordon, Ladie Kinardie, being smnmonded 
to this day, called, oompeird not, ordained to be snxnonded 
pro 3«. 

At Innerknthniey 31H AuguHy 1653. 

The said day, ther was presented a letter from Patrik Lord 
Oliphant and Dam Elizabeth Gknrdon, Ladie Kinardie, the 
tenor qnheroff follows : — " Bight Beverend, please seing by 
order from yow, the ministers of Aberoherder and Inver- 
keithnie ar going on in processe against ws, qnherf or it is onr 
humble desire to yow that ye wold be pleased to giue direction 
that the processe may be continned till we hane some compe- 
tent tyme for onr resolution in a busines which so neirlie con- 
corns ws ; and if we sail not then resolue to giue obedience to 
qnhat ye sail command ws, we sail desire no further delay 
therefter. So, referring the tyme and this our request to your 
charitable consideration, we commend ws heartilie to yow, and 
rest your verie assured to serre yow. Sic tubacnbitwr, 
Oliphant. E. Gordone." 

At Botarie, 2Bth September, 1653. 

Mr. William Kinenmont, Mr. John Beidfnrd, and Mr. Bobert 
Irving, who were sent to speak with Patrick Lord Oliphant 
and B&m Elizabeth Gk)rdon, Ladie Kinardie, reported they had 
done so, with small hope of gaining them. The tyme granted 
to them the last day now being neir spent, and they not com- 
peiring to giue obedience, Mr. John Beidfurd and Mr. Bobert 
Irving was ordained to get their aiOSueirB in wreit reepeetwe. 



187 

and to brin^ them to the brethren of tbe presbytrie at tbe 
synod; which, if not enfflcient then, to go on in prooesse 
against them bef or the next day of meeting. 

Ai JSotariSt 26th Oetohria, 1668. 

The said day, Mr. John Beidfnrd reported that, in respeot 
Dam Elizabeth Gordon, Ladie Einardie, was oontinned by 
the Synode, vpon her letter of request for that effect, to this 
day (^ meeting for declaration of her mynd in relation to 
poperie, he had delayed the processe, and hade intimat that 
vnto her. The presbytrie, finding that neither she, nor any in 
her name, came to offer obedience, ordaind the said Mr. John 
to go on with the processe against her ; as also, against Agnes 
Hebron and Janet Williamson. 

At Botarie, IH Marcht 1664. 

The said day, Dame Elizabeth Gordon, Ladie Kinardie, 
Agnes Hebron, and Janet Williamson, being sumonded to oom- 
peir to hear and see the prooesse against them revised, etc,, 
was called, bnt non of them compeiring, the presbytrie 
ordained the sentence of excommmiication to be pronomiced 
against them the next Lords day, the fifth of March, for ther 
apostacie to poperie, perjnrie, etc^ and this ordinance to be 
sent under the clerks hand to Mr. John Beidfnrd, which 
was done. 

Inverlseithney^ 6^7* October, 1667. 

Compeired, George Thomson and Elspet Gray, and being 
accused for drinking in Isobel Leitch's house in tym of divine 
service ; lykas, the said George went out at the back syde of 
the house at his own wyffe's coming to the door ; they both 
confessed their drinking in tym of divine service, and the said 
George his going out at the back of the house. The brethren 
ordained them both for thair drinking in tym of divine service 
to pay ilk ane of them four merkis of penaltie, and to sitte 
on the stool of repentance two Sundays, or then to redeem 
themselves be standing in joggis and brankis. 

The. said Isobel Leitch, lykeways, in whose house the per- 
sons above nominat was resett, was declared to be a perjured 
woman and a wyld scald, quho resett all sorts of infamous 
persons in her house, and sold ayle to them both day and nicht. 
The brethren ordains her to find caution to keep guid ordour 
in tymes coming, or then not to be resident in the paroche 
from Whitsunday fnrth. 



iM lS26,tkiw Wida of the CJMiwii t\mtm ol 
LetHe ogW«fdlioQae^MidL8dieolTklqpliaiii--<iMrigrtwi by 



Pkorort, aMide a (Tiwiiaild b^gUr rhawftfriiB ie of the age. 
TTader dond of o^ht tliej entaed die dtjetthe heed of 



who flew to anna, and gave their invaden hetde. The flghft 
waa olMtioate and bkndr.bot rictoay at length dedaied for 
the town; of^bty of the mhabftants were killed or wmmaBd, 
and the preeantkoa taken to avoid the l e uiui c uce of anoh an 
aaaanH riiow bow niiicli it waa dreaded. R waa oidered thai 
the Porta of the boxgb riKmld be repairBd, and the vennal% 
''bade djkea," and ''waate placea^boflt iq>;that by lOgtA 
there ahonld be a watcb kept by sixteen penona ; thatbj daj 
aentinela ahoold be {daced on the ateefdee of the Chmbh and 
Tolbooth to ghre the akxm, by ringing the beD on the appeaianoe 
of boraemen approaching the city; that two additional gmmen 
■boald be engaged for the artSOeiy ; that the young and aUe 
men of the town ihoiild be BnppHed with colTerina, oroa8-bowB» 
hand-bowB, and sbootiiig pieoea; that wappenahawa diodid 
beheldweddy; and fin^y, thataoompla&itoathelairdabe 
madetotbeE^andConnciL No repetition of the onrianght^ 
howerer, waa made, and two years thereafter it ia reoorded 
that one of the aasailanta, "&e laird ci Mddrmn, quha waa 
alayne be the maister of Foxbee in the provesf s bowiss in 
Aberdene, departitt the pemilt day of Jannar, the year of God 
1527 jeex%**^R6bert9<m*9 Book of Bim-Aeeord, 

PBOYOST /APTKAT'S nVTKIlTIXW WITH KINO CHABLIS THX 

SECOND. 

In the year 1649, 1, being then a member of FariiameBt 
for the town of Aberdeen, was sent into HoUacnd with the Earl 
of Cassilis, Lord Brodie, and Lord Libb^rtone, to treat with 
and bring home oar yoong king. I shall spare to mentioii 
many things for shortness ; only by the way I nrast obaenra 
this, that having gone there in the simplicity of our hearte, 
and minding what we conceived to be our duty, it pleased the 
liord to bring us safely off without any snare or entanglement. 
But being again sent there by the Parliament in the year 1660 
for that same business, we did sinfully both entangle and 
engage the nation and ourselves and that poor young prinee te 
whom we were sent — ^making him sign amd swear a aoTinaB* 



mhkk we knew, ham clear .demoMteaUe feMona, tib«t ho 
hated in his heart. Yet, finding that upon these terms onlj he 
conld be admitted to mle over us (all other means having then 
failed him,) he sinfully complied with what we most sinfully 
pressed upon him — ^where, I must confess, to my apprehension, 
our sin was more than his. I spoke of it to the king himself, de- 
siring him not to subscribe the covenant if in his conscience he 
was not satisfied, and yet went on to close the treaty with him, 
who I knew so w^l had for his own ends done it against his heart. 
But I may say, so did I desire him to do it against mine, so 
weak and inconstant was I ; being overcome with the example 
and advice of others — gracious and holy men — ^that were there, 
whom in this I too simply and impliotly followed — choosing 
rather to suspect myself in my judgment to be wrong than 
theirs. — JaffVa^s Diufy. 

In 1604, an Act was passed by the Magisbrates of <' Auld 
Aberdene," regulating the price of ale under certain penalties, 
as is now customary in fixing the assise of bread ; and in the 
year 1617, they created certain municipal offices, for the filling 
of which, we suspect, there must have been a very keen compe- 
tition. The worthy Magistrates "appointed four several persons 
to go weekly through the town and ttuite the dHnk, and when 
the same is found insufficient, to declare the same to the bailies, 
that it may be confiscate to the poor folks" They also enacted 
that " none within the town should sell drink after nine hours 
in the evening ;" and, some years afterwards, it was judiciously 
ordained that no person " should sell ale or any oth^ liquor to 
students after eight o'clock at night, under the f ailzie of £4 
Scots, toties quoties** In 1606, it was ordained that the whole 
inhabitants ai the town "should repair to the preaching in St. 
Machar's kirk on Sunday and Wednesday, under the following 
pains, viz. — ^The goodman and the goodwiPe of the house con- 
travening, 6s. 8d. Scots." And in 1614, it was enacted that 
" whatsoever bairn or scholar be found casting stones in the 
kirk, or breaking windows, the owner of the bairn, or the mas- 
ter of the servant, shall pay 68. 8d. Scots, toties quoties^ und the 
vagabonds to be bound to the cross^ and bridled thereat^ and 
sta/nd 2^ hours bound" A signal instance of loyalty to King 
Charles the Second was exhibited in 1668, by the good, people 
of the Auld Town. The Militia having been ordered out for his 
Majesty's service, " there were four militiamen and the fourth 
part of a horse put forth for the town of Old Aberdeen. The 
men were well mounted with deaths and armour, and the leader 
qf ih9 hors9 WM Lady Ej^m who had « lodging ki ih« dhaiu 



oniy, and a \aamei (half^iiefc) upon DonJ^-^Jherdeen Ohservei^, 
1830. 

In the year 1351, William de Leith, Provost of Aberdeen, 
presented to the ohnrch a magnificent donation of two large 
bells — the one called the Laurence and the other Maria — which 
he purchased at his own expense. Tradition reports that he had 
killed Gatanach, one of the baillies, in a quarrel, at BarkmiU, 
on the west side of the town, where a cairn remained for ages 
pointing out the place where the body was buried ; and, as an 
expiation for the crime, he presented to the church the bell 
called the Laurence, which is four feet in diameter at the mouth, 
and three feet and a half high. 

In ancient times it was never allowed to be rung or tolled 
but on the occasion of the anniversaries of the deaths of Fyfe, 
Eoull, and Davidson, who were eminently distinguished as the 
successive chief magistrates of the town. — KennecUf. 

In the year 1580, it was found requisite to pass an Act of 

Council ordering the scholars at the Aberdeen Grammar School, 

on their entry, to find caution, under the penalty of £10, for 

their good behaviour, and for paying due obedienoe to the 

^Magistrates and to their masters. 

In the year 1612, the pupils (many of whom were the sons 
or relatives of the gentry in the country), repining at the seve- 
rity of the Hector's discipline, became mutinious, and determined 
to resent it at their own hands. Having armed themselves with 
hagbuts, pistols, and other ofiensive weapons, they took posses- 
sion of the Song School, and were threatening to commit acts of 
outrage, when the Magistrates were obliged to interpose their 
authority to prevent it. The ringleaders of this juvenile insur- 
rection were apprehended and sent to prison ; and twenty-one 
of the most prominent insurgents were expelled, under the 
direction of the Magistrates, not only from the Grammar School, 
but from all the other schools of the town. This exertion of 
authority speedly quelled the insurrection, and restored tran- 
quility to the School. — Ibid, 

In the middle of the fifteenth century Aberdeen had its com- 
mon clock or horologe upon the Tolbooth ; and in the beginning 
of the subsequent century, a similar clock was placed on the 
church. In 1467, a person was appointed by the Town Council 
manager of the horologe with an annual salary of £2 for his ser- 
vices ; but in the beginning of the sixteenth century there was 
jw^ » neobuuG ia the towa oapable to eseoute the ocdioaxy 



i9i 

repairfl whidk these clobks required. The'Korologe on the 
Tolbooth having become def eotive, was sent to Flanders, in order 
to be repaired ; and at the dista^oe of twelve months it was 
returned, probably not much improved hj what had been done 
to it ; for IHctr Alexander Lindsay was afterwards employed 
to make certain improvements upon it, for which he was to be 
allowed five merks, provided the clock was made to strike 
correctly. — Ibid. 

Item it was ordainit be the aldirmen and oounsale, that 
Thome Gray, tailour, for the strublance done in the kirk, and 
for nicht walking and other demerits done be him and his com- 
plices, that he sal cum in lynnyne clathis this next Sonday, in 
time of the hie mass, with ane candill of 2 lbs. of wax in his 
hand, bair f ute and bair heid, with a louss goune, and offer the 
samin candill to Sanct Nicholess at the hie alter of the samyn ; 
and attour the said Thomas sal pay 10s. to Sanct Nicholess 
werk or he pass out of the tolbuth ; and gif ever he be connuickit 
of nicht waking, or sic demerits bigan, he sal be banyst out of the 
toune, incontinent but ony process ; and in likuiss, giff ony 
seruitor of his be fundin connuikit in sic f altis or nicht waking 
in tyme cumyne, he and they sal be banyst out of the toune 
but ony delay. — Bur^h £ecord9, 1486. 

A LEABXED ABEBDONIAN. 

Alexander Anderson, a native of Aberdeen, taught Mathe- 
matics in Paris in the beginning of the seventeenth century, and 
was, " for his abilities in the mathematical sciences, accounted 
the prof oundliest principled of any man of his time. In his 
studies, he plied hardest the equations of Algebra, the specula- 
tions of the irrational lines, the proportions of irregular bodies, 
and sections of the cone. He was excellently well skilled in the 
theory of the planets, and astronomy ; the optics, catoptricks, 
dioptricks; the orthographical, steriographical, schenog^phical 
projections; in cosmography, geography, trigonometry, and 
geodesie ; in the staticks, music and all other parts and pen- 
dicles, sciences, faculties, or arts of, or belonging to, the d^ci- 
plines mathematical in generals, or any p(»rtion thereof, in its 
essence or dependencies. Having a body too weak to sustain 
the vehement intensiveness of so high a spirit, he died young 
[probably in 162/0}."— Sir T. Urquharfs Tracts, pp. Ill, 112. 

FSALHODT. 

The fame of this ancient dty of Bon-Aooord for its admir*^ 



able knowledge ii il^ di?ine soienee (maaic), and many otiber 
fine endowments, hath ahnoet ov^spread the Yrhdie of Eniope $ 
witness the great oonflnenoe of all sorts of persons from each 
part of the same, who of design have come (mach like that of 
the Queen of Sheba) to hear the sweet cheerfol Psalms and 
heavenly melody of famous Bon- Accord. — M-om a JPrefaee by 
Thomat Davidson to a Collection of Ihmes, Fublished at Aber- 
deen, by John Forbes, and Sold at his JPrinting-house, above the 
Mealmarket, at the Sign of the TovnCs Arms, 1662. 

He describes the Town Council as follows : — " Their hon- 
ourable wisdoms, the Lord Froyost, Baillies, and Town Council 
are a harmonious heavenly concert of as many musicians as 
Magistrates." 

Ajo. English traveller, in 1666, thus wrote of the Aberdeen 
Psalmody : — " Here you shall have such order and decorum of 
song-devotion in the church as you wiU admire to hear — ^though 
not regulated by a canter or quirester, but only by an insi^ 
paroclual clerk, that never attempts farther in the mathe- 
matics of music than to complete the parishioners to sing a 
Psalm tune/' 

James the Sixth conceived it necessary, before Tnakifig a 
progress to the northern part of his dominions, to dispatch a 
letter to the Magistrates, intimating his intention "to pay 
a visit to the chief burghs of the kingdom, particularly Aber- 
deen ; which, being among the best, his Majesty was so much 
the more anxious that all things be so orderly provided there, 
that there appear no marks of incivility, or token of penury 
and scant ; and therefore recommending that lodgings be pre- 
pared in the most handsome, civil, and courtly manner, with 
good bedding, well washed and well smelled najpperie, clear 
and clean vessels, of sufficient largeness, plenty of provisions 
and vivers ; the streets to be kept clear of beggars and mid' 
dings" Even after these precautionary injunctions, the 
learned monarch, though he advanced as far as to Dunnotter, 
within sixteen miles of the city, did not venture to put the 
purity of the citizens' napperie to the proof, contenting himself 
with ordering an advanced guard of his attendants to make 
trial of the hospitality of the Brave Town. These gskUanta 
were welcomed with due respect, and being greeted with the 
ancient courtesy of a Cup of Bon-Accord, were admitted Bur* 
gesses of Guild. Of the nineteen retainers of the Court who 
were thus honoured, it may be remarked that the only one 
whose fame has reached modem times, is Abchie AsMST&ONe 
--t<be ExD^B Jeater,— £9i#rfooii'# Sook <if ^othJ/ooard. 



198 

In the year 1:600, tha CooncU enacted ^tiiat Jdbne and 
Robert thoir oommone Menstralis sal have reasonabile dieta 
throw the niohtbouris of the tonne ; and gif onj persone ref uss 
to reaave thame to thair dietis it sal be lesum [lawful] to 
thame to gif [give] to the said menstralis z\j d. in the day 
baith for meit drynk and wagis, for simpile folks." We learn 
that they were despatched to Holyrood to attend the marriage 
of James lY. with the Princess Margaret of England in 1603 ;. 
and that for this gay occasion they were provided with silver 
badges on which the arms of the city were engraved. In 
1512, the fine imposed upon those who did not admit them to 
their tables wafi increased to two shilliTigB to be paid to the 
Mintrels, and eight shillings to be applied to the public use.. 
In 1534, it wafi ordained that they should receive, in addition 
to their day's subsistence, xvj d. trojn their entertainer, if he 
were a burgess, or x\j d. if he were a craf sman. At this time 
they were in the habit of passing "thro all the rewis and 
streittis of the guid town at five hours in the morning, and 
betwixt aught and nyn at even." In 1545, their number was 
increased to three, and they were appointed to "play thre 
partis." After this date few notices occur of the Minstrels 
under that name, which possess much interest. In 1566, John 
Gowper received a pension of six merks a-year " for his service 
to be done to the towne in tyme cumming in playing upon the 
swesche [drum] als weill in tyme of war as in tyme of peace, 
and sport, and play." In 1574, the same individual was 
ordered to " pas everie day in the momyng at four houris, 
and everie nyght at eight hours at even, throw all the rewis of 
the tonne, playand upon the Almany Quhissil [German 
whistle], with ane servand with him playand on the Tabourine, 
quharby the craf tismen, their servandis, and all uther labouri- 
ous f olkis, being wamit and excitat, may pas to thair labouris, 
and fra thair labourbs, in due and convenient tyme." The 
Sweschman or drummer was provided with " ane garment of 
reid Inglish stcnnmifi>g" In addition to these performers, the 
city, from a remote age, possessed a Bellman, and a common 
Piper ; but the latter officer was removed about the middle of 
the seventeenth century. In 1630, the Council " for dyvers 
respectis and considerationis moving thame, dischargeit 
Thomas Wobstar, thair common Pyper, of all goeiog throw the 
towne at nicht, or in the morning, in tym coming with his 
pyp ; cu heing ane inciviUforme to he fuH wUkin do afamoua 
bwrghe^ and being qften fund fault vfUh ate weiU 6§ iundm 
uichtboum of the toun ae bp vtfwigmt*" 



194 

Many years previous to this date mTmioi^sd ordlnanoeB liad 
proscribed the Highland costnme among the wealthy and re- 
spectable citizens. The first of these enactments which I have 
traced is dated in 1576 ; and after that period almost every 
year witnessed a repetition of the decree. In 1580, it was 
ordained "that na mennis wyffis weir ane plaid in kirk, 
merkat, or gett, except thai be harlottes and snspect personis." 
In 1611, the ancient statutes were renewed by an Act, the 
preamble of which states " that thair hes bene divers g^d 
lawis maid that na burgess of g^d sonld wear ony plaids or, 
blew bonnets within this bnrgh, nnder the pane of f yve pnndis, 
qnhilk statutes hes not tane thair dew ezecntion be reason of 
the impunitie of the transgressoures ; that divers and snndrie 
merohandis burgesses of gild hes worn and weris plaidis and 
blew bonattis to the gryt diahonowr of this hurghj and that gryt 
many of thame passing south to Edinburgh, Dundie, and uther 
civill townis, uses and weiris plaidis and blew bonattis within 
the said townis, as giffthey war landwart men or comoun postis^ 
and not merchomdia nor burgesses of gUd" Such was the re- 
spect in which the Celtic garb was held by civilized Scotsmen 
in the seventeenth century! — at the same time superfluous 
expense in dress was rigorously restrained. In 159li| female 
servants were prohibited from wearing ruffs, or ourtohess of 
lawn and cambric, or red hoods, under the penalty of having 
the same taken from them and trampled in the gutter or 
kennel. — Ibid* 

The formation of the city armoury began in the seventeenth 
century. It was the duty of the burgesses to " soot, lot, wake, 
and ward " for defence of the burgh, and they were required 
by municipal ordinances to provide themselves with good and 
sufficient arms. At a weapon-schawing, or military muster, 
held in 1522, on the Woolmanhill (where a paleion or pavilion 
was pitched), we find that they had spears five ells and a half 
in length, bows and quivers of arrows, and long two-handed 
swords $ for defence they wore targets, knapkscaws or bon- 
nets, jacks or corslets, and splents to cover the thighs, all of 
steel, highly polished. In 1612, it was enacted, " that all 
personis that sail happin heiref ter to be admittit burg^ses of 
gild or free craftsmen of this burgh, sail compeir in presence 
of the counsall, haveing ane compleit stand of armour, quha 
sail give thair aithes that the said armour belangis to thame 
thameselfis as thair awin proper geir." It was shortly after- 
wards ordered that instead of this obligatioui every brother of 
/piiJd sbonldf on his admisBlon, present to the town a musket 



195 

and bandelier, and that every trades' burgess should famish a 
pike. Ifi 1676, these duties being converted into payments in 
coin, there arose a fund entitled "Arms-Money," from the 
proceeds of which the present collection of firelocks is kept in 
repair. — Ibid. 

LITTES WSITTEN BT LOBD CBIMOND. 

The following is a translation of part of a letter written in 
Latin by Lord Grimond, father of Bishop Burnett, one of the 
Lords of Session, who, after his retirement from the Bench, 
took up his residence in Aberdeen. The letter is addressed to 
Eobert (cordon of Straloch, and is dated at Aberdeen the 16th 
December, 1662. It is to be found in the Miscellany published 
by the Spalding Club : — 

" There are two reasons in particular that made me answer 
your letter so tardily; one, and that, too, the principal, is the 
amount of business with which I am almost overwhelmed, and 
which cuts up all my leisure time into small fragments. For 
if there be any one in the whole city at law with another, he 
has recourse to me, either to act as an arbiter, and so put an 
end to the dispute (not a very easy matter in this unjust and 
perverse generation), or one of the litigants asks me to give a 
judicial decision ; and generally both parties come to find out 
my opinion on such a point in law after I have given a deci- 
sion, and when I am disposed frankly to express my opinion 
and to deceive nobody. And, to tell the truth, this city is in 
great distress from the scarcity of lawyers, there being only 
three or four, and a dubious and slippery confidence is placed 
in the two who have the principal business ; for they have not 
tasted even with the edges of their lips the knotty points in 
law, and some of them they do not even understand, and in 
these, being only accustomed to the ordinary /ormftZ^s, they 
sometimes commit gross and shameful blunders. I feel 
ashamed (seeing that we belong to the same profession) that 
such statements should be made without the possibility of re- 
futation. I answer frankly, and without taking any fee, all 
the citizens who call on me, whatever be the nature of their 
business ; and in this way I have become quite unpopular with 
my brethren, and I give myself such an amount of trouble 
that I have scarcely time to take my food. Your own son was 
an eye-witness of this state of matters ; for I was hardly per- 
mitted to ei^oy his conversation for half an hour for tM 
crowd of oallen." 



196 



EXTBAOTS FEOM AN ABEEDEEN ALMANAC, PUB- 
LISHED IN 1626, BY EDWARD BABAN. 

A Fbognostication for this year of our redemption 1625, 
being the next year after Leap Year, serving for the whole 
Kingdom of Scotland ; but especially, and acceding to Baban's 
bounden dutie, for the latitude and meridian of the honorable 
Gitie of Aberdene. Printed at Aberdene by Edward Babaa 
for David Melville. 1626. Bon-Aocord, insignia urbis> Aber- 
donie. 

Some ither accidents, with the date of that yeare wherein 
everie of them fell out — 

The Battell of Brechin was f oughten anno X4i4tdr. 

James IL slayne at Bozbuigh, 1460. 

James III, slayne, 1488. 

Battell of Flowdrai ; James IV. slayne, 1672. 

Battell of Pinkie, 1647. 

Battell of Cralbstone, 1671. 

The Bede of the Bridge of Dee, 1689. 

Now, it must be understood that the year containeth twelve 
months fiftie and two weeks and one day which maketh alto- 
gether three hundred three score and five, and six hours ; and, 
to know justlie how many days everie moneth hath, even 
for your memorie's cause, I have here set it down unto you 
in metre-— 

Thirtle di^ hath September, 
April, Jiine, and November; 
February hath twenty and eight alone; 
All the rest have thirty days and one. 

A declaration of such casualties as are likelie to fall out in 
this present year 1626, even by the testimonies of the most 
learned Copernicus and Erra Pater, and other expert phoiloso- 
phical astronomers, whose praise my natural style cannot so 
much as once begin to show forth. Then sithence my dili- 
gence is bestowed in perusing their tedious volumes and 
remarking their approved observations, why may not I also 
give a proof what happilie I have reaped, craving only the 
reader's patience and clmritable censure. 

Listen, then, your itching ears, and put on your spectades^ 

jre sand blind. To begin — ^This winter shall be very tern* 

pemte, more rain than snow, and gcoe^ winds than wisJiedi 



U7 

and too little froit } yea, lome imkixidllOi lowltrioi warm-Ukd 
dftTB, threateninff to thtmder, as Oopernionfl obserretli. About 
the hinder.end of hanreat, witchcraft shall flonrish, but make 
an ill trade. The herring f aDg shall be prosperons, and other 
fishes in great abnndanoe. I speake not of the salmond. 
Many old people shall die this year 1625. Uncouth sickness 
Shan grieve both young and old, and especially the megrim and 
the flnzes among the servile sort ; so that the laird shall bee 
f ayne to pnt hand to the plonghe and ladie mistress to the 
sickle, ifonsienr M edicns his skill shall f ayle, and a merrie 
greedie man shall say in his sicknesse that he was not so cnri- 
ons to make him qnit of his malady as his money. Now, Erra 
Pater afflrmeth that great mnrmnrations and romonrs of warres 
shall indeed be hei^ of, but few battells f oughten. Four 
eolipses will happen this year, two of the sun and two of the 
moon ; the second of the moon the 6th Sept. about noon, but 
will appeare very little or not at all appeare unto us ; there- 
fore, I refer it to our antipodeans, unto whom is greater evil 
portended than to us. Blessed be the God of the spheres. 

The Almanaoi after a list of the f^irs in Scotland, oonoludei 
ag f ollowB t — 

Thus fare yee well yee Chapmen, full merrie may ye make s 
for without Ohapmen there could be no merchants. But who- 
soever will procure deacon amongst you, I request to let mee 
have a copie of those f ayres in more perfect order against the 
next year, that all confusion may be eschewed for your advan- 
tage, while as yee have the printer at command. 

Ever your owne Eaban.* 



* In the beginning of 1822, enoonxafred by the influence of Bishop 
Patrick Forbes, and of the Magistrates, BDWiiCD Babav left 8t. Andrews, 
and established his Press on the north side of the Castlegate, in a new 
house belonjarinfr to the Council, of which the lower part was used as a 
meal market. In that year he printed, amone other books, a treatise, 
" De Disciplina Ecclesiastica," and the tale of '^The Twae Freirs of Ber- 
wick." KJEiban was not oxJy a printer, but an anthor, and has left com- 
positions behind him, both in prose and in verse. " The Glorie of Man 
conflisting in the Excellence and Perfection of Woman," published in 
1638, was written, he tells us, '* to vindicate and deliver myself from the 
imputation of Sarcastiok, biUer, too loose and liberall speeches agaynst 
the most noble, worthie, and transcendent sexe of Women.** Gontem- 

S>rarv with this " Master Printer, the first in Aberdeen,** was David 
elville, i)erhaps the first bookseller of whom the town can boast. It 
was probably a^r his death that Raban opened a shop at the end of the 
Broadgate, under the ^piaint at:ple of ** The Laird of Letters." Tba& 



198 



FASmOKABLS LITE IK ABEEDEEK AT THE END OF 

LAST CENTURY. 

We have had great doings here all this week. The town has 
been full of nobility and gentry. Monday, a great dinner at 
Alexander Masson's, Queen Street ; a ball and supper at 
Wilkie's at night ; and so on alternately. There is sundry of 
the company gone. The Duchess of Gk)rdon still remains, who 
is at the head of the whole company, who pay their devoirs to 
her. Colonel Lennox and Lady Charlotte are here ; Lord 
Saltoun ; the Earl of Peterborough ; a Mr. Bisset, his brother- 
in-law ; the Master of Forbes ; Sir Wm. Forbes ; the Countess 
of Kintore. They had been all gone before now, but they 
waited for the motions of the Duchess going away. Every day 
the company have been engaged in the Links at wicket. The 
Duchess of (cordon and Lady Charlotte Lennox all the time 

Gaxton of Aberdeen seems to have died in 1649, and I regret that I can- 
not point out to the lover of literature the spot where his bones are 
interred. — Bobert»on*$ Book of Bon-Aeeord. 

Babon wrote the following verses on the death of Bishop Forbes : — 

BABAN'S BEGBATE 
For the present losse of his very good Lord, Patron, and Master, 

FATSIGE TOBBBS, 

Bishop of Aberdeen, Baron of Corse and Oneill ; who most peaceable and 
godlie departed hence to a better lyfe, vpon Easter-Even about 3 aclocke 
in the morning, at his Palace in Olde Aberdene, adjacent to the Cathe- 
drall Church, m the 71 yeare of his honorable age, and the 17 yeare of 
his godlie government. 

March 28, Anno 1636. 

Behold, alas ! here lyeth one 

Who on this earth compare had none ; 

A learned patron, wjae and grave, 

A consnll good. What would yon hane ? 

Chiefe orator of Scotland's noith. 

The world can not afford his worth. 

A prelate and a pastor good, 

Who in due tyme gaue neavenlie food. 

At mome, at noone, and ev'ning tyde, 

Vnto his flocke — sweet Ibsxtb bryde ; 

The poor with meate hee fed also, 

None hungrie from his house did goe. 

A crosse into his badge hee bore. 
And followed Chbist, who went before ; 
But halfe a day, for to prepare 
^or Corse with Him an h^v^p^ sltarOt 



190 

f!pom twelve o'clock till five o'clock afternoon. Many ladiei 
in their coaches, besideB the gentlemen on horseback leaping 
over a five-barred gate. I suppose a great smn will be spent : 
and that at the pnblic fare, and for private lodgings, I never 
remember snoh a fnll town before. Colonel Lennox is a gen- 
teel man, and Lady Charlotte Lennox looks very well. The 
Duohess has a oheerfnl countenance, and fnll of vivacity. No 
quarrels have happened amongst them, altho* they have been 
much intoxicated before the company broke up at four, five, 
and six o'clock in the morning. — t/xtraetfiom a Frivate Letter^ 
9th October^ 1789. 



THE WELL OF SPA. 

" O gallant spring, of fountains king, 
Blest from the heavens above ! 

• ••••• 

The Sim at ni^ht sets in thy sight. 

And last with thee is seen ; 
Long more then reign of fonntainB king. 

Brave nymph of Aberdene."— Jfoir. 

In those happy times, when provosts wore pesmaniit hreeles — 
when baillies were buried with a brave volley of musketeers — 
the Well of Spa was in much higher repute than it is now, or 
has been for many years past. So little is it now regarded, 
that some apology may perhaps be expected for obtruding such 
a subject on the attention of your fashionable readers. But 
those who have any reverence for the wisdom of our fore- 
fathers will not be inclined to view with contempt my humble 
endeavour to draw their notice to a fountain whose virtues 



Then, death, wh^e is thy sting ? Let see. 
And, .grane, where is thy victorie ? 
Yonr hononr in the dnst is spred ; 
Patrioke now reynes with Christ his Head, 
Death's but a passage to convoy 
Snoh sayncts mto their Masters ioy. 
The Lord prepare ns, lesse and more. 
To follow nim ; hee*s gone before. 

Good Sirs, I am bihind the rest, 
I do oonfesse, for want of skill ; 

But not a whit behind the best 
To shew th' affection of good will. 

IiPWABD Babav, Kaater Printeri the first In Ah97deiio. 



hxfB ham treated lyf men of loienoe, and oeletMnted by fipiftod 
bards of the olden time. The poet whose words I have qnotod 
above wonld be sadly disappointed if he conld now look np and 
witness the ohiUing neglect to which the f ovonrite nymph is 
consigned; and if his heart did not break with sorrow, he 
would certaiiily seat himself on the Infirmary dyke, and sing a 
wofnl monody on the folly and fidcleness of man. I would 
cheerfully send you the whole of this delectable composition, 
if I were not afraid of encroaching too far on the space which 
yon may think proper to set aparfc for this subject ; but if this 
article should be the means of bringing the Well of Spa once 
more into repute, I shall endeavour to get the poem printed, as 
Falstaff says, '' in a ballad by itself." It may be sufficient to 
mention at present that its author has converted what is now 
Jack's Brae and Short Loanings into ''Parnassus' forked 
mount," and that he has conjured up the three Graces, Apollo, 
and the nine Muses, with a due accompaniment of Phoenixes, 
silver wands. Titan's beams, and "the music sweet of Greece," 
to do honour to this celebrated Well. 

How long it may be since the medicinal virtues of the Well 
of Spa were first discovered I am altogether xmable to say. It 
is, however, certain that two or three centuries ago they were 
in a very high degree of estimation. The earliest information 
I have seen respecting it mentions that, " by reason of its 
many excellent qualities, sealed by many notable experiences 
in sickly persons, itwassidomed witha long white stone, which 
conveyed the waters from the spring, with the portraiture of 
six apostles hewn upon either side thereof." 

The well ccmtinued in this state till about two hundred 
years ago, when, being '' verie old and wome, a virtuous citi- 
zen, George Jamieson (the celebrated painter), did build it of 
new, and put a tomb of hewn stone over it, because of the 
many proofs he had of it in his own person in curing him of 
the stone." Soon afterwards, however, " a violent torrent of 
waters f aUing into that stream did suddenly overturn it and 
buried the spring in the ruins, so much of the hiU having fallen 
therewith. It is worthy of observing that this was the year 
our late troubles did begin, and seemed to be an ill omen both 
to our city and country." Kennedy says that the well re- 
mained in this situation until the year 1670, when the spring 
again made its appearance. But it does not seem that it did 
so until it had been " digged for at the solicitous desire of some 
diseased citizens, who cUd find renewed experiences of its 
powerful virtues in the cure of tormenting gavels, deadly 
colics, llbd'Oelifpctrate hyclvepii^ 



Ml 

In tlie year 1616, Dr. Wm. 'BardiBiy, an eminent pbysioian, 
pnbliflied a rery learned tract on the vlrtnea of the Well of 
Spa, which is well worthy of attention. In the appendix he 
gives an acconnt of several extraordinary cures which had been 
effected by the Well of Spa water. In this pamplet he ex- 
presses his abhorrence for " barbarous apothecaries, Highland 
leeches, impostors and montebanks, mercnrial mediciners, 
mbbers with quick-silver, and all those who can give no 
reason for their calling.*' 

The persons whose cores are here mentioned were all living 
witnesses of their tmth when Dr. Barclay's treatise was pub- 
lished, and of the authenticity of the statement there is no 
reason to doubt. 

" Mr. Forbes, Sheriff-Depute of Aberdene, some few years 
ago, being vehemently tormented with a oolicke, whereof he 
could have no cure by any prescribed means to abate the 
violence thereof, so that there was nothing looked for but 
death shortly to ensue ; after all other means, this, as the last, 
was suggested to him, and he by drinking liberally of this 
water, was not only eased of his pain, but in a few hours per- 
fectly cured. This gentleman being subject to relapse into 
his ^sease, finds sudden relief by the use of this water. 

"Oharles Bobertson, late bailie in Aberdeen, being often 
subject to the pains of the gravel, was not long since sore 
afflicted, and being advised to drink of our Well of Spa waters 
by a person who had found the virtues of them, did drink a 
large draught or two thereof, and verie quickly got ease of aU 
his pain. And upon assault from this disease, upon his 
address to this remedie, through God's blessing, finds de- 
liverance. 

" Margaret Beid, relict of Patrick Gellie, merchant in Aber- 
dene, having fallen into a deadly hydropsie, and having used 
several remedies by her physician's advice, at last the Doctor, 
having seen but a little before this book written by Dr. 
Barclay, advised her to drink of the Well of Spa for quenching 
her violent drowth, &c. It was so blessed of God for her good 
that in a few days she was perfectly cured. 

"Mr. Kennedy, younger, Sheriff-Clerk, was exceedingly 
tormented with a desperate colicke, which was of that sort 
they call Iliaca Passio, After the use of several remedies 
prescribed by the physician, and no cure obtained, all his rela- 
tions coming to see him die, himself did call earnestly for this 
water of xmc Well of -Spa, and drank a goodly quantitie -there- 



MB 

of, a&d fihorily, tlirotigli ih$ favor of God| it wroagHt bo well 
that in short space he wai onred."— ^ftertieefi Chrgnioltt 22nil 
March, 1828, 



A DESOBIPTION OF ABEBDEEK IN 1746. 

About a mile before yon oome to the city there is a stately stone 
bridge, consisting of seven arches, with watch-tower, bnilt by 
Gavin Dnnbar, Bishop of Aberdeen. Yon then travel along 
the bank of this river, and have a most pleasant prospect of New 
Aberdeen. I had met with one of the townsmen at Dnndee, 
who g^ve me directions to his honse, where I pnt up my horse 
for the present ; otherwise, I should have been at a loss to have 
found an inn (which they call change houses), there being but 
one sign in the town to notify such a house, although there are 
a great many public-houses in the place. But I was in great 
want of forage, as I always before maintained my horse at my 
own expense ; but here there was nothing of that kind to be 
had at an inn, all the forage being ordered into magazines, and 
none to be delivered out without a proper order. I (not being 
incorporated to any particular regiment) was obliged to apply 
to his Boyal Highness (although very unwilling to give the 
Duke that trouble), wHo ordered me to make application to 
Colonel Napier, who was Adjutant-General, from whom I re- 
ceived an order to the Commissary of Forage, which was trans- 
mitted into a general order to receive forage at any place in 
Scotland where the army had a magazine. 

New Aberdeen is situated near the sea, and is the capital of 
the Sheriffdom of Aberdeen, the seat of the Sheriff for trying 
causes and much exceeds the cities of the rest of the north in 
bigness, trade, and beauty. The air is very wholesome, and the 
inhabitants well bred. There are great quantities of salmon 
caught here, which the proprietors pickle and export to London. 
There is likewise plenty of all sorts of white fish. The streets 
are well paved, and the houses built with stone and slate, and 
are generally four storeys high. The town consists of three or 
four good streets — ^that called Broad Street is the principal, and 
is really a fine street of stately houses. There is likewise a fine 
market place, called Castle Street, which is very spacious, in the 
middle of which stands an ancient and, curious Cross, with many 
antique fig^ures round the upper part of it ; and a little higher is 
a very usefol conduiti as th^ is in every street, where Uiere is 



i constant resort of people for water to them. Opposite to the 
Market Gross is the Tolbooth, which serves for a prison and 
staadt-honse. I had occasion to be at all the three different 
places in one day with a rebel prisoner that I had taken. There 
are three churches — ^viz., thj9 College Ghnrch, an ancient build- 
ing ; likewise the old and new chnrches a^oining each other, 
both large buildings. The new church is in very good order, 
but that part called the old church the roof is fallen some part 
of it, and out of repair. However, it serves for a magazine to 
keep our straw and unthresbed com in. In the churchyard 
along the walls stood about three hundred horses that belonged 
to our train of artillery picquetted. Here they remained night 
and day, notwithstanding the severity of the weather. For 
some days before we marched, there were scandalous written 
libels dropped about the town by the rebel party. I happened 
to find one of them in the lane going out of Broad Street to the 
Duke's quarters,* where I carried it, the substance of which was 
to admonish our soldiers of the danger that attended us in the 
pursuit of the rebels. 

There are two Episcopal meeting-houses, one of which is 
very handsome, having a neat organ and many other ornaments. 
The other was likely to be attainted of treason, but I do not 
know how it fared. But there were two other Episcopal meet- 
ing-houses that our soldiers burnt ; but with good husbandry 
and frugality not consuming the pile at once, as was often the 
case — ^the wood being industriously reserved to heat our baker's 
ovens. What gave me the most concern was that so many of 
the handsomest Scots ladies were attendants at these meeting* 
houses, but their agreeable accomplishments were a sufficient 
protection from the resentment of well-bred men ; as for their 
pretty gentlemen, we could manage well enough when we met 
with them. 

The greatest ornament of the city is its College, called the 
Marischalian Academy, being founded by George Keith, Earl of 
Marischal, in the year 1593. The city of Ab^deen hath been 
very much adorned with several additional buildings. Besides 
a primary Professor, who is called the Principal, it has four Pro- 
fessors of Philosophy, one of Divinity, and one of the Mathe- 
matics, and there is lately added a Professor of Physic. It has 
also a very good library founded by the city, enlarged by gifts 
of several learned men, and well furnished with Mathematical 
Instruments. This GoUege, with that of the Old Town, make 
up one University, called the University of King Charles the 

* Now the Yic^oria Lodging-Hoqse, 



Baoond, I luppeaed to ffet aoqnainted with the keeper of the 
library, irho gtre me thu aooomit of It. 

The city is built upon three hills, bnt the greatent pert ia 
ttpon the highett, st the head of which stands an oM caatle 
mostlj in mhis ; but it likewise served for a magazine to keep 
onr hay and oom in. The other parts of the town is flpvead oat 
upon tibe plain, from whence there is an easy access by an ascent 
every way, except that side next the river. There had formerly 
been a mint here, as appears by silver coins, stamped with this 
inscription, ''TJrbis Aberdonise/' which are still preserved in 
the closets of the cnrioos. 

At the west end of this city there is a little rotmd hill, at the 
foot of which rises a fountain of clear water, and in the middle 
another spring bubbles up, called the Aberdeen Spa. It is said 
to come near the Spa water in the Bishopric of Liege both in 
taste and quality, particularly oonoeming which Dr. Wm. Bar* 
olay writes a treatise. 

The manufacture here is chiefly stockings all round the ad- 
jacent country ; and every morning the women bring in loads 
to sell about the town to merchants, who have them scoured 
for exportation to London, Hamburg, and HoUand. They 4ure 
generally all white from the maker, and knit most plainly ; 
some are ribbed, and a great many with squares, which greatfy 
please the Dutch. They make stockings here in common from 
one shilling a pair to one guinea and a half, and some are so 
fine as to sell for five guineas the pair. 

They have an exportation of pork, which they pickle and 
pack up in barrels, and send to the Dutch for victualling their 
East India ships. The Aberdeen pork has the reputation of 
being the best cured in Europe for keeping on long voyages. 

Old Aberdeen is a mile fixnn the new city, and consists of 
one long street, and a College more noted than that of the New 
Town. This Old Town was formerly the bishop's seat, and has 
a cathedral, commonly called St. Maohar's — a large and stately 
structure, which was anciently much more magnificent. It suf- 
fered greatly at the time of the Reformation, but more since the 
Bevolution. The windows of this church were formerly very 
remarkable for the stained glass, and something of its ancient 
splendour still remains. The steeple, besides other bells, has 
two of a very extraordinary bigness. The chief ornament of 
this town is the College, consisting of a fine square, with a good 
pump in the middle of it, and makes a grand appearance at a 
distance. It was founded by Bishop Elphinstone in the year 
1500, and the greatest part was built by him ; but King James 
the lY. taking the patvenage upon faimaelf/lt waa oalled King's 



20S 

College; A bull was proonred from Pope Alexander the VL in 
1510, endowing it with ample privileges as those of Paris and 
Bononia. There is in the College a Principal, a Snb-Prinoipa]^ 
three Eegents, or Professors of Philosophy, a Professor of Hu- 
manity, a Professor of Divinity, a Doctor of Physic, a Professor 
of Oriental Tongues, a Prof eesor of the Civil Law, and a Profes- 
sor of Mathematics. 

The river Don is remarkable for the abundance of sfilmoi^ 
and trout taken in it. The bridge is famous for its extent, being 
only one arch over that large river, and is reckoned a curious 
piece of workmanship. This immense arch of stone is sprung 
from two rooks, one on each side, which serves as an abutment 
to the arch; so that it may be said to have a foundation co- 
equal with nature, and will last as long. This bridge has heeo, 
remarkable to travellers, but more so at this time, for we had 
taken a rebel spy, who was hanged on a tree close to this bridge, 
with this writing fixed on his breast, ''A rebel spy," which, of 
consequence, would hinder crows from building nests on that 
tree for a season.* 

This town being pleasantly situated, I used to ride out here, 
after taking a turn to the sea-side over the Links — ^being green 
fields (so called) running along the shore to the Block-house 
Fort, planted with cannon, at the mouth of the river Dee, which 
oonmiands the entrance of that river, along the banks of which 
it is very pleasant, and is much frequented by people walking 
or riding — ^to observe the ships in the river, it being about a 
mile from New Aberdeen to the Block-house. Theore are several 
houses all the way inhabited by fishermen, ale-sellers, &o. — 
JVoMt a History of the Bebellion in Soothmd i» 174&, hy Jamu 
^tfi of Whitehaven^ Vohmteer under hie Soyal Highneet the 
J)uke of OwnberUmd* 

BXTEACTS FEOM THB DIARY OF THE RET. JOHN 

BISSET, ONE OF THE MINISTERS OF ABERDEEN, 

KEPT BY HIM DURING THE REBELLION 

OF 1746. 

let November^ 
I NBVBft saw so many bonfires, nor so mudi enoouxaged, as on 

* On Saturday evemng, two rtb^wera Ikrought in from Strathbogie. 
The one, a spy, was hanged at the Brid^ of Don, on a branch of a tree, 
with a pwer on his breast hearing his crmie for the terror of others. His 
name is Daniel Campbell, from jS^gyle, a eti^iid fellow.— 2^ JDtary <Kf1M 
Sn, John JBitMt, 



206 

Wednesday, by the yonng people, and I behoved to have one 
at my gate, with such a covered table as became the youth. 
The cries through all the streets that afternoon and evening 
were " King George for ever I" Down with the Popish Pre- 
tender! Back to Rome with him!" This with many men 
throughout the town firing gons and pistols, and a convention 
of them on Castle Street, before the place where Stonywood 
was drinking, did, in the open street, drink all the loyal healths 
with a disohajge of such arms as they had. 

22d November, 

Poor Chalmers the printer is from home, not yet able to 
walk on his strained leg he got jumping a window to escape the 
ruffians Saturday was eight days. This last night they have 
committed great outrages in his house, breaking open an outer 
door when not let in, setting fire to an inner door, and when let 
in scattering his types, searching his house, burning papers, 
and breaking presses and drawers. 

28ih November, 

The Musters of the Grammar School now continue praying 
nominatim for King George, excepting the old doctor, who was 
lately, in his own conceited opinion, on the road to heaven with 
such full assurance. I hear he has been bullying some of the 
rest, as a man not to be put out of his measures. Whatever 
be the issue of matters presently in dependance, I shall not 
expect to see good days unless the churches and schools be 
purged of such miscreants. 

20th December, 

I saw about 300 this forenoon under arms at the Heading 
HilL About forty came in afterwards, and 1<40 went to the Old 
Town. They had on their wallets and pocks in a posture of 
marching ; and between eleven and twelve no orders were given 
for the rejoicing, this being the young Pretender's birth-day ; 
but either upon intelligence that Lowdon was not to be here 
this night, or, as others say, that a great rout from the south, 
of French and others, are to be up with them to resist Lowdon, 
they went to quarters and ordered the bells to be rang. 

28({ Deeeniber, 

This night our guard was very vigilant in the streets and at 
the ports, bo thai I hear some were taken up by the guard be< 



207 

fore nine, bnt civilly enongh need. I was told tliat they bad 
five ship's cannon planted at the Gross before the Gnard-honse 
— ^that one of the guard either drew or threatened to draw his 
sword to Baillie Nicol for looking in about them between sun 
and sky. I myself, much abont that time, passed through their 
cannon, and looked as narrowly as I could both to their men 
and the position of their cannon, but met with no incivility. 
They knew I fight with other weapons, and, indeed, I had no 
curiosity in the matter, but I behoved to pass that way. 

20th January, 

All the news I am able to have for this day is, that it being 
Prince Frederick's birthday, the young people, students, &o., 
rang the college and church bells at the usual times on rejoicing 
days, had bonnes, and in crowds huzzaed through the streets 
tUl about nine at night ; after which, I am told, crowds of Ja- 
cobites made disturbances through the streets, but came not 
my length. 

22dJanu(xryf 

1 hear for certain that, on Tuesday night, a good number of 
men broke Principal Chalmers' gate, broke in upon his house, 
threatening to kill him if they had found him — ^broke not only 
the glass, but the timber frames of his windows, and were ter- 
ribly rude in his house. What do I owe to the Divine preser- 
vation, that notwithstanding of my continued freedom, imless it 
was the breaking of my street window on their rejoicings for 
the battle of Prestonpans, I never met with a wry look nor a 
rude word from any one. 

Sth J^hruaty. 

I am informed by an eye witness that, after five o'clock, 
there came up the Netherkirkgate above a dozen of horse finely 
accoutred. There was riding in the middle a young gentleman 
upon a fine gelding, and wrapped in a scarlet cloak. All his 
attendants had their swords cbrawn, but no sword in his hand. 
Before rode one well mounted, with a French horn. Imme- 
diately before him, with drawn swords, rode some bareheaded; 
at some distance behind, a boy, richly mounted, beating a bass 
drum ; and one lodges at Kirkhill, with trusty guards, and none 
get in without a pass. It is easy to g^ss who this is.* 

* This oonld not have been Prince Charles, as he marched nortL^^ae^ 
by the Highland road. 



209 

If 1 beliQive some aoconntBy we have this sight 2000 fooir and 
500 horse ; bat I believe we are not altogether so many. 
This night Mr. Ogilvie has got two ofGioers to quarter with 
him, and I hear some got billets on the Principal. Some of 
them merely sought a billet on me, but I have not as yet got 
any of them, thongh I know not how soon, especially rf more 
o^me. Principal Osbom has also got lodgers* 

My wife was made nneasy yesternight by a story that one of 
the Life Guards was swearing that he would shoot me in the 
pulpit. You may think that I would not be very easy when 
one of the Life Guards came in the time of my lecture, and, 
not pleased with sundry seats, moved about till planted oppo- 
site to and very near the pulpit. But the gentleman behaved 
decently, as did some other of their officers. 

This day two Life Guardsmen were billeted upon me. They 
got a share of our dinner. It seems that one of them was not 
pleased with the expressions of loyalty he observed with old and 
young in my house, so that after dinner I saw him no more ; 
but the other came in at tea time and stayed in all that night, 
and would have been a guard to my house if any attack had 
been made upon it. I was never more moved with compassion 
to one than to this sweet youth, a gentleman's son near Dum- 
fries, I believe drawn into this measure by bad influence, and 
since their retreat tram England. After all the arguments I 
could use, I hung upon him as if he had been my own. He be- 
came very grave and thoughtful at night at parting. I know 
not if I shall see him this day. I protest we were both nigh 
shedding tears ; so passionately I love him, and he took it in 
such good part whatever I spoke, and said he would never for- 
get it. He was my hearer on the Sabbath, and was settled in 
another quarter, but was resolved to have a billet on me what- 
ever his accommodation should be. O that the Lord may touch 
the heart of the sweet youth, that he nmy change his course. 

I had a visit from another Life Guardsman, who all deny 
that the Pretender is here, and say that the person taken for 
him is Lord John Dmmmond ; but I alledged that the respects 
then paid him where more than his due, and I could not under- 
stand how the Life Guardsmen should be here, if their master 
WM not. Bat I ooald get no more from them. 

2Sih Fehruarjft 
I was ittvited j^esterday to wait on th« Dulra^ with tlM toiA^ 



209 

isters of the two towns and the two Colleges ; but when I found 
that the message was only sent for access to the Colleges, I did 
not choose to go with them this day at eleven o'clock; nor did 
I go with the Synod, but told Mr. Windham, the Master of the 
Ceremonies, that I had reasons for being alone. He promised 
to introduce me to the Doke, bnt wished I would come with 
the Synod. I told him I woidd not. I went in alone into the 
drawing-room, where the Duke was in the middle. Provost 
Aberdein did me the favour to reach his hand to Mr. Windham, 
who, telling the Duke who asked who I was, I made up to his 
hand. He came forward a step, stretched it out, I kissed it, 
made my speech, and retired back till I heard the Moderator 
express himself in a few words, after which they came in one 
by one to kiss his hand, and then retired. 

This day we have got three more regiments — ^Howard's, 
Price's, and Munro's. 

Sth AprU. 

This day the Duke marched hence — ^men, artillery, and bag- 
gage ; two regiments the Inverury road, and all the rest with 
the Duke the Oldmeldrum road. May the Lord prosx)er and 
preserve his valuable life. Some men are left here, and more 
are expected, lodging in Gordon's Hospital, fortified with ram- 
parts and palisades. 

Fxt)VOsts Cruickshank, Chalmers, Aberdein, John and Alex- 
ander Robertson, Morison, Baillies Mowat, Grordon, and Bamet, 
Andrew Logie, the Consulter, and Convener Aldjoe, are left our 
€K)vemoTS, and one Captain Cresby is left Commandant. 



9th April* 

You have heard that Gordon's Hospital is garrisoned. A 
well is made in the close, ramparts and palisades are made about 
it; so that they may defend themselves against a good body of 
rebels, should they be attacked. H any parties of them come 
here, which God forbid, though I am not without fears of it, it 
is like I must seek for another lodging, lest if the rebels attack 
the fort they possess my house as one rampart to them, or lest 
for preventing that the governor of the fortification be obliged 
to demolish mine and some other houses. — Spalding Club Mit' 
oellany. 



'210 



THE DUKE OF CUMBERLAND IN ABERDEEN. 

The Duke of Cnmberland arrived in Aberdeen on the 27th 
February, 1746, and was welcomed in the Schoolhill by a 
deputation of the Magistrates, who conducted him to his 
lodgings in the Guestrow through streets lined with the bur- 
gesses and citizens. It was at first proposed that his Royal 
Highness should reside in the Marischal College, but the apart- 
ments having been pronounced unfit for his accommodation, he 
took up his abode in the house of Mr. Alexander Thomson, 
Advocate. He occupied this mansion for six weeks, during 
which time he made use of every kind of provisions found in 
the house — coals, candles, ales, or other liquors in the cellars, 
and the milk of his (Mr. Thomson's) cow ; bed and table 
linen, which were very much spoiled and abused ; he broke up 
a press, in which Mrs. Thomson had lodged a considerable 
quantity of sugars, and whereof he took every grain weight. 
When about to march from Aberdeen, he left six guineas to the 
three servants of the house, but did not make the least com- 
pliment or requital to Mr. Thomson for the so long and free 
use of his house, furniture, and provisions, nor so much as call 
for his landlord or landlady to return them thanks. Perhaps 
an excuse for this rude and boorish demeanour might be found 
in the cares and anxieties which troubled the ducal mind ; but 
apology was superfluous for the amiable thefts of one of the 
gallant officers of his suite. The well-knovni General Hawley 
having obtained possession of the dwelling of Mrs. Gordon of 
Hallhead, on the understanding that everything was to be 
locked up, sent a messenger on the morning after his entry 
demanding all the keys. " My answer," says Mrs. Gordon, 
" was that my maid was gone to market, and that as soon as 
she returned she should carry them to him ; but before she 
did return I received a second message that he would have 
them that minute, or he would break open all the locks. I 
then sent him the keys by his messenger." In the evening 
the lady was waited on by Major Wolfe, who informed her 
that, " though her loyalty was unsuspected, by the Duke of 
Cumberland and Greneral Hawley* s order, she was deprived of 
everything except the clothes upon her back." The officer 
having politely added " that he would use his interest with 
his Roysd Highness to obtain for her any particular thing she 
could have a mind to," " I then desired," she continues, " to 
have my tea ; but the Major told me it was very good, and 
vihat tea was scarce in the army, so he did not believe I could 



211 

have it. The same answer was made me when I asked for mj 
chocolate. I mentioned several other things, particularly my 
china. That, he told me, there was a great deal of it very 
pretty, and that they were fond of China themselves : but, aa 
they had no ladies travelling with them, I might, perhaps, 
have some of it." Mrs. Grordon represented her grievances to 
the Duke by a petition. But, though assured that everything 
should be restored to her — " when I sent," she says, " for a 
pair of breeches for my son, for a little tea for myself, for a 
bottle of ale, for some flour to make bread because there was 
none to be bought in the town, all was refused me." But the 
magnanimous Hawley was not content with the unrestrained 
use of the chattels. " On the eve of his departure, he packed 
up," says the lady, " every bit of china I had, all my bedding 
and table linen, every book, my repeating clock, my worked 
screen, every rag of my husband's clothes, the very hat, 
breeches, night-gown, shoes, and what shirts there was of the 
child's, twelve tea-spoons, strainer and tongs, the japanned 
board on which the chocolate and coffee cups stood, and put 
them on board of a ship in the night time." The best tea 
equipage was directed to the Duke of Cumberland, at St. 
James', and the set of coloured table china was directed in 
the same manner. The rest of the things were directed to 
General Hawley. " In short," says the lady, " a house so 
plundered, I believe, was never heard of. It is not £600 
would make up my loss ; nor have [ at this time a single 
table-cloth, napkin, or towel, tea-cup, glass, or sUnj one con- 
veniency." 

After these heroic actions, the Duke departed from Aberdeen 
on the 8th of April, leaving behind him a garrison of 200 
men, who were stationed in Grordon's Hospital, which was 
f ortifled by a ditch and rampart, and dignified with the title of 
Fort Cumberland. On the extinction of the rebellion, the 
Magistrates presented the freedom of the town to the victor of 
Culloden, " to whom they paid," says Kennedy, " many high 
compliments on his bravery and ^ood conduct.** — Bobertson*s 
.JBook of Bon- Accord. 



THE REV. DR. CALAMY IN ABERDEEN. 

1709. 

The next day, we carried provisions with us, being to pass 
through a poor coimtry, and came at night to Aberdeen. 



212 

There are two towns of that name, Old Aberdeen and New, a 
mile distant from eaoh other. One stands npon the Don, and 
the other npon the Dee. We went first to the New Town. 
Upon entering, and all the way as we passed to onr inn, I 
conld not but observe a very different look and oarriage of the 
people from what I had ta^en notice of in any town before. 
They seemed to lower npon ns, and gnashed their teeth, and 
gave many signs of wrath and indignation, at which I was 
surprised, nbt having room for the least gness or conjecture at 
the cause. I begged Professor Cumin, when we came to our 
inn, to go out as our spy, make inquiry, and try if he oonld 
discover the occasion of the uneasiness and disturbance of the 
people, which was so visible. He had observed the same, and 
readily went forth. At his return, he informed us that the 
people had been informed that the French prophets, and their 
associates and abettors, were going about that part of the 
country, and had threatened them with a visit; and they 
looked on us as a part of their company, and were thereupon 
very much disposed to insult us. He, at the same time, told 
us he had taken effectual care to satisfy the populace as to their 
great mistake, and to convince them we were a very different 
sort of persons ; so that he had no doubt but we were safe, 
and might be very easy. We afterwards met with the utmost 
civility during the whole of our stay, and found this one of the 
politest towns in North Britain. 

Salmon, with us so dear, is here extremely cheap. Being so 
informed, I was for making atrial; and, accordingly, bought in 
the common market as good a salmon, for twelve pence, as one 
need desire to see. I told our landlady the price of it, as 
thinking I had enough in conscience for my money. She told 
me I was imposed on, and that, if she had gone to market, 
they would not have had the face to have asked her above two 
groats for the very same fish, and very probably might have 
taken sixpence. 

The next day, we saw the Marischal College, where Princi- 
pal Anderson and Professor Smith (both afterwards ejected at 
the visitation of the College, for being in the interest of the 
Pretender) were exceedingly civil. The latter presented me 
with several things he had printed. We were much pleased 
with the pictures of men of letters in their long gallery ; and 
afterwards took a view of the town, and were everywhere 
treated with abundance of respect. 

The day following, we were invited to Old Aberdeen, where 
stands Kmg's College, which has produced a number of learned 
xuenj but we found the building greftUy decayed. The mae* 



213 

iers gave ns an invitation to eat some salmon in perfection, 
ont of the Don, where they had a property. We bore them 
company to the river's side, where was a little hut or booth ; 
in one part a room with a fire, and in another a room for com- 
pany. Some persons employed canght several fine salmon, 
and threw them directly into a pond, intending, when they 
had a number, to pick out some of the best to dress. As the 
fish were swimming about in this pond, dogs were sent in 
amongst them, who sometimes endeavoured to catch them in 
their teeth. The fish would, ever and anon, turn, and either 
give them a flap with their tails, or bite them with their 
months, which set them a howling, and gave an odd sort of 
diversion to the standers-by. My relating which passage has 
sometimes occasioned diversion. I have happened to fall in 
the company of gentlemen that were lovers of sport, whom I 
have asked whether they ever saw salmon hunted by dogs, as 
I had done ? Of which they could form no notion, till I ex- 
plained the matter. At length some fish were chosen out for 
dressing. These were immediately put into the kettle, and 
set upon the table with no other sauce than a little salt and 
vinegar, or some of the liquor in which they were boiled. The 
taste was indeed so rich and luscious that, had we had such 
sauce as is usual with us, we should have been in no small- 
danger of a surfeit. I thought it not unneedful, therefore, to 
caution the young ones with me to eat but sparingly, for fear 
of the consequences. We had some excellent French claret, 
which the gentlemen had taken care to send thither for that 
purpose, to wash our fish down. 

Before I left my inn in the morning, I was given to under- 
stand that the Masters of the College intended that afternoon 
to confer a degree upon me, in form and with solemnity, in 
their chapel. That I might not be deficient in due respect, I 
bespoke a supper, to be ready that evening, for the entertain- 
ment of the Masters and all the servants of the College, 
leaving it entirely to the landlady to provide what she thought 
proper and handsome, and that would be agreeable upon such 
an occasion, reckoning there would be near half a hundred 
persons present. 

When we returned, after dinner, from the river to the Col- 
lege, we were carried into the Chapel, where Dr. Middleton, 
who was then Principal, and had been Dean of that Diocese in 
Episcopal times, in a most respectful manner officiated in con- 
ferring on me the degree of D.D. Professor Cumin (who bore 
me company from E^burgh) at the same time took the degree 
Qf Doctor of I^aws. After viewing the Library, which la T&fi^ 



214 

very large, but lately improved by Dr. Fraser, who has lived 
so long, and is so well known, in England, having a place 
many years in Chelsea College, we adjonmed to our inn, where 
there was an handsome snpper provided, with which the gen- 
tlemen seemed well pleased. 

The next morning, after thanks returned for all civilities 
received, we returned to New Aberdeen, which is a well-built 
town, and has a pretty trade, both for salmon and the finest 
knit worsted stockings any where to be met with. I heard of 
some of five guineas a^pair, the beauty of which is best seen 
through glasses. Those of two guineas a pair were very 
common. We there waited upon the Provost, at his desire, 
and received burgess tickets, which were got ready for us ; 
were treated very civilly, and at length left the town, the in- 
habitants of which beheld us in quite another manner than at 
our first entrance. Though we could get as many oats as we 
desired, there was no hay to be had upon any terms ; and our 
beasts could not, like those of that country, take up with 
straw. — Calamy*8 Life and Times.* 



THE REV. GEORGE WHITEFIELD IN ABERDEEN. 

1741. 

Whitefield was invited by the minister of one of the kirks in 
the city, but the minister's co-pastor had prepossessed the 
Magistrates against him ; so that, when he arrived, they re- 
fused to let him preach in the kirkyard. They had, however, 
sufficient curiosity to attend when he officiated in his friend's 
pulpit ; the congregation was very large, and, in Whitefield's 
words, " light and life fiew all around." In the afternoon, it 
was the other pastor's turn. He. began his prayers as usual, 
but,, in the midst of them, he named Whitefield by name, whom 
he knew to be then present, and entreated the Lord to forgive 
the dishonour that had been put upon him when that man was 
permitted to preach in the pulpit. Not satisfied with this he 
renewed the attack in his sermon, reminded the congregation 
that this person was a curate of the Church of England, and 
quoted some passages from his printed sermons, which, he 
said, were grossly Arminian. " The most of the congregation,'* 

* Dr. Calamy was an eminent Dissenting minister in Westminster, 
And died in 1732. 



216 

says Wbitefield, *' soemed surprised and chagriued, and especi- 
ally his good-natured colleague, who, immediately after the 
sermon, without consulting me in the least, stood up and gave 
notice that Mr. Wh^tefield would preach in about half an hour. 
The interval being so short, the Magistrates remained in the 
session-house, and the congregation present waited, big with 
expectation of hearing my resentment. At the time appointed 
I went up, and took no other notice of the good man's ill- 
timed zeal than to prove, in some part of my discourses, that, 
if the good old gentleman had seen some of my later writings, 
wherein I had corrected several of my former mistakes, he 
would not have expressed himself in such strong terms. The 
people, being thus diverted from controversy with man, were 
deeply impressed with what they heard from the Word of God. 
All was hushed and more than solemn ; and, on the morrow, 
the Magistrates sent for me, expressed themselves quite con- 
cerned at the treatment I had met with, and begged that I 
would accept of the Freedom of the City.*'* — From Southey*s 
Life of Wesley. 



THE REV. JOHN WESLEY IN ABERDEEN. 

1761. 

We rode on through Montrose to Stonehaven. Here Mr. 
Memes met us, and, on Saturday morning, brought us to his 
own house at Aberdeen. 

In the afternoon, I sent to the Principal and Regent to de- 
sire leave to preach in the College Close. This was readily 
granted, but, as' it began to rain, I was desired to go into the 

♦ Whitefield'a burgess ticket was as follows :— 

'• AberdonisB decimo quarto die meusis Octobris 1741. Quo die Rever- 
endus vir magister Gteorgius Whitefield verbe divini preco receptus et 
admissua fuit in mrmicipem et fratrem Guildse. Juris Scoti Burgi 
propter singularem favorem et benovolentiam quibns dicti magistratuB 
ilium amplectuntur." 

The individual who attacked Whitefield was the Rev. John Bisset, a 
man of rather a fiery temperament. His colleague was the Rev. James 
O^vy, of whom Wesley in his journal says — "A more open-hearted 
friendly man I never saw." 

Garrick, Hume, Chesterfield, Bolingbroke, and Franklin, all felt the 
power of Whitefield's eloquence. Bolingbroke said that " he had the 
most commanding eloquence be ever heard in any person," and Hume 
declared that " it was worth going twenty miles to hear him." 



216 

hall. I snppose this is fall a hundred feet long, and seated all 
ronnd. The congregation was large, notwithstanding the 
rain, and full as large at five in the morning. 

Sunday, May 3. — I heard two nsefnl sermons at the kirk, 
one preached by the Principal of the CoUege,* the other by 
the Divinity Professor.f A hnge multitude afterwards 
gathered together in the College Close, and all that could hear 
seemed to receive the truth in love. I then added about 
twenty to the little society, " Fair Blossoms." But how many 
of them will bring forth fruit I 

Monday, May 4. — ^We had another large congregation at 
five. Before noon, twenty more came to me desiring to cast in 
their lot with us, appearing to be cut to the heart. About 
noon, I took a walk to the King's CoUege in Old Aberdeen. It 
has three sides of a square, handsomely built, not unlike 
Queen's College in Oxford. Going up to see the hall, we 
found a large company of ladies, with several gentlemen. 
They looked and spoke to one another. After which one of 
the gentlemen took courage and came to me. He said, " We 
came last night to the CoUege Close, but could not hear, and 
should be extremely obliged if you would give us a short dis- 
course here." I knew not what Grod might have to do, and so 
began without delay on ** Grod was in Christ reconciling the 
world unto himself." I beUeve the word was not lost. It fell 
as dew on the tender grass. In the afternoon, I was walking 
in the Library of Marischal College, when the Principal, the 
Divinity Professor came to me, and the latter invited me to 
his lodgings, where I spent an hour very agreeably.. In the 
evening, the eagerness of the people made them ready to 
trample each other under foot. It was some time before 
they were stiU enough to hear, but then they devoured every 
word. After preaching, Sir Archibald Grant, whom business 
had caUed to town, sent and desired to speak to me. I could 
not, but promised, with Gk)d's leave, to wait upon him on my 
return from Edinburgh. 

May 5. — I accepted the Principal's invitation, and spent an 
hour with him in his house. I observed no stiffiiess at all, 
but the easy good breeding of a man of sense and learning. I 
suppose both he and all the Professors, with some of the Ma- 
gfistrates, attended in the evening. 

May 6. — ^We dined at Mr. Ogilvy*B, one of the ministers 
between whom the city is divided. A more open-hearted 
friendly man I know not that I ever saw ; and, indeed, I have 

* iVizudpal George Campbell, It Bev. Alexazider Gerard, 



S17 

scarce seen sucli a set of ministers in any town of Great Bri- 
tain. I returned at half an honr after six. I stood in the 
College Close, and proclaimed Christ cmcified. My voice was 
BO strengthened that all conld hear. All were earnestly atten- 
tive. I have now cast my bread upon the waters ; may I find 
it again after many days ! 

May 7. — Leaving nearly ninety members in the Society, I 
rode over to Sir Archibald Grant's, near Monymusk, about 
twenty miles north-west from Aberdeen. It lies in a fruitful 
and pleasant valley, much of which is owing to Sir Archibald's 
improvements, who has ploughed up abundance of waste, 
ground and planted some millions of trees. His stately old 
house is surrounded by gardens and rows of trees, with a clear 
river on one side ; and, about a mile from his house, he has 
laid out a small valley into walks and gardens, on one side of 
which the river runs. On each side rises a steep mountain — 
one rocky and bare, the other covered with trees, row above 
row, to the very top. About six, we went to the church. It 
was pretty well filled with such persons as we did not look for 
so near the Highlands. But, if we were surprised at their 
appearance, we were much more so at their singing. Thirty 
or forty sang an anthem after sermon with such voices as well 
as judgment that I doubt whether they could have been ex- 
celled at any Cathedral in England. 



1764. 

I rode over to Sir Archibald Grant's. It is surprising to see 
how the country between is improved even within these three 
years. On every side the wild dreary moors are ploughed up 
and covered with rising com ; even the ground near Sir Archi- 
bald's, in particular, is as well cultivated as most in England. 
About seven, I preached. The kirk was well fiUed, though 
upon short notice. Certainly this is a nation " swift to hear 
and slow to speak," though not *' slow to wrath." 



1772. 

I rested at Aberdeen. I went in the morning to the English 
Church (St. Paul's Chax)el). Here, likewise, I could not but 
admire the exemplary decency of the congregation. This was 
the more remarkable, because so miserable a reader I never 
heard before. Listening with all attention, I understood but 
pne single word^ *' Balak/' in t^l^e First Lesson^ and oqa \&ssc(6 



218 

'^ begat/' was all I could possibly distinguish in tlie Second. 
Is there no man of spirit belonging to this congregation ? Why 
is such a burlesque on public worship suffered ? Would it not 
be far better to pay the gentleman for doing nothing than for 
doing mischief by bringing a scandal on religion ? 

1784. 

I went to Newburgh, a small fishing town fifteen miles 
north of Aberdeen. Here is at present, according to its big- 
ness, the liveliest society in the kingdom. I preached in a 
kind of square to a multitude of people, and the whole congre- 
gation appeared to be moved, and ready prepared for the 
Lord. — Wefle^s Journal. 



DR. JOHNSON IN ABERDEEN. 

A FEW days ago, arrived in this place, Dr. Samuel Johnson, 
author of the English Dictionary, Rambler, Idler, &c., to- 
gether with James Boswell, Esq. — Aberdeen Journal, 6th 
September, 1773. 

BOSWELL'S account op THEIE visit to ABERDEEN. 

We came to Aberdeen at half an hour past eleven. The New 
Inn, we were told, was full. This was comfortless. The 
waiter, however, asked if one of our names was Boswell, and 
brought me a letter left at the inn ; it was one from Mr. Thrale, 
enclosing one to Dr. Johnson. Finding who I was, we were told 
that they would contrive to lodge us by putting us for a night 
into a room with two beds. The waiter said to me, in the 
broad, strong Aberdeenshire dialect, " I thought I knew you 
by your likeness to your father." My father puts up at the 
New Inn when on his circuit. Little was said to-night. I was 
to sleep in a little press-bed in Dr. Johnson's room. I had it 
wheeled cut into the dining-room, and there I lay very well. 

Sunday, August 22. — I sent a message to Professor Thomas 
Gordon, who came and breakfasted with us. He had secured 
seats for us at the English Chapel. We found a respectable 
congregation, and an admirable organ well played by liir. Tait. 
We walked down to the shore. He received a card from Sir 
Alex. Gordon, who had been his acquaintance twenty years 
ago in London. Dr. Johnson rejoiced to hear of him, and 



219 

begged he would come and dine with ns. I was much pleased 
to see the kindness with which Dr. Johnson received his old 
friend, Sir Alexander, a gentleman of good family, Lismore, 
bat who had not the estate. The King's College here made 
him Professor of Medicine, which affords him a decent sub- 
sistence. He told us that the value of the stockings exported 
from Aberdeen was, in peace, £100,000, and amounted, in time 
of war, to £170,000. Dr. Johnson asked what made the 
difference ? Here we had a proof of the comparative sagacity 
of the two Professors. Sir Alexander answered, '^Because 
there is more occasion for them in war." Professor Thomas 
Gk)rdon answered, " Because the Germans, who are our great 
rivals in the manufacture of stockings, are otherwise employed 
in time of war." Johnson — " Sir, you have a very good so- 
lution." 

At dinner. Dr. Johnson ate several platef uls of Scotch broth 
with barley and pease in it, and seemed very fond of the dish. 
I said, "You never ate it before." Johnson — "No, sir; but 
I don't care how soon I eat it again." My cousin, Miss Dallas, 
formerly of Inverness, was married to Mr. Riddoch, one of the 
ministers of the English Chapel here. He was ill and confined 
to his room, but she sent us a kind invitation to tea, which we 
all accepted. She was the same lively, sensible, cheerful woman 
as ever. Dr. Johnson here threw out some jokes against Scot- 
land. He said, " You go first to Aberdeen, then to Enbru (the 
Scottish pronunciation of Edinbrugh), then to Newcastle, to be 
polished by the colliers, then to York, and then to London ;" 
and he laid hold of a little girl, Stuart Dallas, niece to Mrs. 
Biddoch, and, representing himself as a giant, said he would 
take her with him, telling her in a hollow voice that he lived in 
a cave, and had a bed in the rock, and she should have a little 
bed cut opposite to it. 

Principal Campbell, Sir Alexander Gordon, Professor Gor- 
don, and Professor Ross, visited us in the morning, as did Df. 
Gerrard, who had come six miles from the country on purpose. 
We went and saw the Marischal College ; and, at one o'clock, 
we waited on the Magistrates in the Town-hall, as they had in- 
vited us in order to present Dr. Johnson with the Freedom of 
the Town, which Provost Jopp did with a very good grace. Dr. 
Johnson was much pleased with this mark of attention, and re- 
ceived it very politely. There was a pretty numerous company 
assembled. It was striking to hear all of them drinking, " Dr. 
Johnson! Dr. Johnson!" in the Town-hall of Aberdeen, and 
then to see him with his burgess ticket or diploma in his hat, 
which he wore as he walked along the street, according to the 



220 

usual cnstom.* It gave me great satisfaction to observe the re- 
gard and indeed, fondness too, whicli everybody had for my 
father. 

Professor Grordon, and I walked over to the old College, 
which Dr. Johnson had seen by this time. I stepped into the 
Chapel and looked at the tomb of the fomider, Bishop Elphin- 
stone, of whom I shall have occasion to write in my history of 
James IV. of Scotland, the patron of my family. 

We dined at Sir Alexander Gordon's* The Provost, Profes- 
sor Boss, Professor Dmibar, Professor Thomas Gordon, were 
there. After dinner, came in Br. Gerrard, Professor Leslie, 
Professor M'Leod. We had little or no conversation in the 
morning, now we were but barren. The Professors seemed 
afraid to speak. 

We sauntered after dinner, in Sir Alexander's garden, and 
saw his little grotto, which is hung with pieces of poetry written 
in a fair hand. 

We visited two booksellers' shops, and could not find Arthur 
Johnston's poems. We went and sat near an hour at Mr. Rid- 
doch's. He could not tell distinctly how much education at the 
College here costs, which disgusted Dr. Johnson. I had pledged 
myself that we should go to the inn, and not stay supper. They 
pressed us, but he was resolute. I saw Mr. Biddoch did not 
please him. He said to me afterwards, " Sir, he has no vigour 
in his talk." But my friend should have considered that he 
himself was not in good humour ; so that it was not easy to talk 
to his satisfaction. We sat contentedly at our inn. He then 
became merry, and observed how little we had either heard or 
said at Aberdeen ; that the Aberdonians had not started a single 
mawkin (the Scotch word for hare) for us to pursue. 

Tuesday^ Augiut 24. — ^We set out about eight in the morn- 
ing, and breakfasted at Ellon. The landlady said to me, " Is 
not this the great Doctor that is going about through the coun- 
try ?" I said " Yes." " Ay," said she, " we heard of him. I 
made an errand into the room on purpose to see him. There's 



*Dr. Johnson's burgess-tloket was in these words-*" Aberdonin, 
vigesimo tertio die menBis Aagosti, anno Domim xnilleBimo septingen- 
tesimo septoagesimo tertio, in presentia honorabilinm virorom, Jacohi 
Jopp, arznigeri, prsepositi, Adami Dnff, Gulielmi Yonng, Oeorgii Marr, 
et Gkilielim Forbes, BaHvorom, Goliehni Bainie Decandi guildsB, et Joannis 
Nicoll Thesanrarii dicti borgi. Quo die vir generostis et doctrina daroB, 
Samuel Johnson, LL.D., reoeptos et admissns ftiit in municipet et frafcreB 
gnildsB pnefabi borgi de Aberdeen. In deditissimi amoris et affiBOtos ao 
ezimiflB observantiaB tessenua^ <][Ttibaa dioti Uagietratos enm ampleotontur. 
Bztraotwp perme, 

Aux, CABinieni. 



221 

sometliixig great in liis appearance : it is a pleasure to have such 
a man in one's house ; a man who does so much good. If I hiul 
thought of it, I would have shown him a child of mine who has 
had a lump on his throat for some time." " But/' said I, " he 
is not a doctor of physic." " Is he an oculist ?" said the land* 
IokU " No," said I, " he is only a very learned man." — Land- 
lord : " They say he is the greatest man in England, except 
Lord Mansfield." Dr. Johnson was highly entertained with 
this, and I do think he was pleased, too. He said, " I like the 
exception; to have called me the greatest man in England 
would have been an unmeaning compliment ; but the exception 
mariced that the praise was in earnest ; and, in Scotland, the 
exception must be Lord Mansfield — or Sir John Pringle." 

We had received a polite invitation to Slains Castle. We ar- 
rived there just at throe o'clock, as the bell for dinner was ring- 
ing. Though, from its being just on the North-east Ocean, no 
trees will grow here, Lord Errol has done all that can be done. 
He has c^tivated his fields so as to bear rich crops of every 
kind, and he has made an excellent kitchen-garden, with a hot- 
house. I had never seen any of the family ; but there had been 
a card of invitation written by the Honourable Charles Boyd, 
the Earl's brother. We were conducted into the house, and at 
the dining-room door were met by that gentlemen, whom both 
of us first took to be Lord Errol ; but he soon corrected our mis- 
take. My Lord was gone to dine in the neighbourhood, at an 
entertainment given by Mr. Irvine of Drum. Lady Errol re* 
oeived us politely, and was very attentive to us during the time 
of dinner. There was nobody at table but her Ladyship, Mr. 
Boyd, and some of the children, their governor and governess. 
lir. Boyd put Dr. Johnson in mind of having dined with him 
at Cumming, the Quaker's, along with a Mr. Hall and Miss 
Williams ; this was a bond of connection between them. For 
me, Mr. Boyd's acquaintance with my father was enough. After 
dinner Lady Errol favoured us with a sight of her young family, 
whom she made stand-up in a row. There were six daughtora 
and two sons. It was a very pleasing sight. 

Dr. Johnson proposed our setting out. Mr. Boyd said he 
hoped we would stay all night ; his brother would be at home 
in the evening, and would be very sorry if he missed us. Mr. 
Boyd was called out of the room. I was very desirous to stay 
in so comfortable a house, and I wished to see Lord Errol. Dr. 
Johnson, however, was right in resolving to go, if we were not 
asked again, as it is best to err on the safe side in such cases, 
and to be sure that one is quite welcome. To my great joy, 
when Mr. Boyd returned, he told Dr. Johnson that it was Lady 



222 

BiTol who had called him out, and said that she would never 
let Dr. Johnson into the house ag^ain if he went away that night ; 
and that she had ordered the codoh to carry us to see a great 
curiosity on the coast, after which we should see the house. We 
cheerfully agreed. 

Mr. Boyd was eng^g^d in 1745-6, on the same side with 
many unfortunate mistaken noblemen and gentlemen. He es- 
caped, and lay concealed for a year in the island of Arran, the 
ancient territory of the Boyds. He then went to France, and 
was about twenty years on the Continent. He married a French 
lady, and now lived very comfortably at Aberdeen, and was much 
at Slains Castle. He entertained us with great civility. He had 
a pompousness of formal plenitude in his conversation which I 
did not dislike. Dr. Johnson said " there was too much elabo- 
ration in his talk." It gave me pleasure to see him, a steady 
branch of the family, setting forth all its advantages with much 
zeal. He told us that Lady Errol was one of the most pious and 
sensible women in the island ; had a good head, and as good a 
heart. He said she did not use force or fear in educating her 
children. — Johnson : " Sir, she is wrong j I would rather have 
the rod to be the general terror to all, to make them learn, than 
tell a chUd if you do thus or thus you will be more esteemed 
than your brothers or sisters. The rod produces an effect which 
terminates in itself. A child is afraid of being whipped, and 
g^ts his task, and there's an end on't ; whereas, by exciting 
emulation, and comparisons of superiority, you lay the founda- 
tion of lasting mischief ; you make brothers and sisters hate 
each other." 

During Mr. Boyd's stay in Arran, he had found a chest of 
medical books, left by a surgeon there, and he read them till he 
acquired some skill in physic, in consequence of which he is 
often consulted by the poor. There were several here waiting 
for him as patients. We walked round the house till stopped 
by a cut made by the influx of the sea. The house is built quite 
upon the shore ; the windows look upon the main ocean, and the 
King of Denmark is Lord Errol's nearest neighbour on the north- 
east. 

We got immediately into the coach and drove to Dunbni, a 
rock near the shore, quite covered with sea-fowls ; then to a 
circular basin of large extent, surrounded with tremendous 
rocks. On the quarter next the sea there is a high arch in the 
rock, which the force of the tempest has driven out. This 
place is called Buchan's Buller, or the BuUer of Buchan, and 
the country people call it the Pot. Mr. Boyd said it was 
called so from the French houloir. It may be more simply 



228 

traced from " boiler " in our own language. We walked round 
this monstrous cauldron. In some places the rock is verj 
narrow, and on each side there is a sea deep enough for a 
man-of-war to ride in, so that it is somewhat horrid to move 
along. However, there is earth and grass upon the rock, and 
a kind of road marked out by the print of feet, so that one 
makes it out pretty safely; yet it alarmed me to see Dr. 
Johnson striding irregularly along. He insisted on taking a 
boat, and sailing into the Pot. We did so. He was stout, 
and wonderfully alert. The Buchan men all showing their 
teeth, and speaking with that sharp accent which distinguishes 
them, was to me a matter of curiosity. He was not sensible 
of the difference of pronunciation in the South and North of 
Scotland, which I wondered at. 

As the entry into the Buller is so narrow that oars cannot 
be used as you go in, the method taken is to row very hard 
when you come near it, and give the boat such a rapidity of 
motion that it glides in. Dr. Johnson observed what an effect 
this scene would have had, were we entering into an unknown 
place. There are caves of considerable depth, I think, one on 
each side. The boatmen had never entered either of them far 
enough to know the size. Mr. Boyd told us that it is cus- 
tomary for the company at Peterhead Well to make parties, 
and come and dine in one of the caves here. 

He told us that, as Slains is at a considerable distance from 
Aberdeen, Lord Errol, who has a very large family, resolved 
to have a surgeon of his own. With this view he educated one 
of his tenant's sons, who is now settled in a very neat house 
and farm just by, which we saw from the road. By the salary 
which the Earl allows him, and the practice which he has had, 
he is in very easy circumstances. He had kept an exact 
account of all that had been laid out on his education, and he 
came to his Lordship one day, and told him that he had 
arrived at a much higher situation than ever he expected ; that 
he was now able to pay what his Lordship had advanced, and 
begged he would accept of it. The Earl was pleased with 
the generous gratitude and genteel offer of the man, but 
refused it. 

When we returned to the house, we found coffee and tea in 
the drawing-room. Lady Errol was not there, being, as I sup- 
posed, engaged with her young family. There is a bow- 
window fronting the sea. Dr. Johnson repeated the ode, 
" Jam satis terris," while Mr. Boyd was with his patients. 
He spoke well in favour of entails, to preserve lines of men 
whom mankind are accustomed to reverence. His opinion 



224 

was, that bo mnoh laad shonld be entailed as that families 
should never fall into contempt, and as much left free as to 
give them all the advantages of property in case of any emer- 
gency. '' If/' said he, " the nobility are suffered to sink into 
indigence, they of course become corrupt, they are ready to do 
whatever the king chooses, therefore it is fit that they shonld 
be kept from becoming poor, unless it is fixed that, when they 
fall below a certain standard of wealth, they should lose their 
peerages. We know the House of Peers have made noble 
standi when the House of Commons durst not. The two last 
years of Parliament they dared not contradict the populace. 

This room is ornamented with a number of fine prints, and 
with a whole-length picture of Lord Errol, by Sir Joshua 
Beynolds. This led Dr. Johnson and me to talk of our amiable 
and elegant friend, whose panegyric he concluded by saying, 
** Sir Joshua Beynolds, sir, is the most invulnerable man I 
know ; the man with whom, if you should quarrel, you would 
find the most difficulty how to abuse." 

Dr. Johnson observed the situation here was the noblest he 
had ever seen, better than Mount Edgecumbe, reckoned the 
first in England; because, at Mount Edgecumbe, the sea is 
bounded by land on the other side, and, though there is the 
grandeur of a fieet, there is also the impression of there being 
a dockyard, the circumstances of which are not agreeable. At 
Slains is an excellent old house. The noble owner has built 
of brick, along the square in the inside, a gallery, both on the 
first and second storey, the house being no higher ; so that he 
has always a dry walk, and the rooms, to which formerly there 
was no approach but through each other, have now all separate 
entries from the gallery, which is hung with Hogarth's works 
and other prints. We went and sat awhile in the Hbrary. 
There is a valuable numerous collection. It was chiefly made 
by Mr. Falconer, husband to the late Countess of Errol, in her 
own right. This Earl has added a good many modem books. 

About nine the Earl came home. Captain Gk)rdon, of Park, 
was with him. His Lordship put Dr. Johnson in mind of their 
having dined together in London, along with Mr. Beauolerk. 
I was exceedingly pleased with Lord Errol. His dignified 
person and agreeable countenance, with the most unaffected 
affability, give me high satisfaction. From perhaps a weak* 
ness, or, as I rather hope, more fancy and warmth of feeling 
than is quite reasonable, my mind is ever impressed with 
admiration for persons of high birfch, and I could with the most 
perfect honesty expatiate on Lord Errol's good qualities, but he 
stands in no ne^d of my praise. His agreeable manners and 



22S 

softness of address prevented that constraint which the idea of 
his being Lord High Constable of Scotland might otherwise 
have occasioned. He talked very easily and sensibly with his 
learned guest. I observed that Dr. Johnson, thongh he showed 
that respect to his Lordship which, from principle, he always 
does to high rank, yet, when they came to argument, main- 
tained that manliness which becomes the force and vigour of 
his understanding. To show e2d}emal deference to our superiors 
is proper ; to seem to yield to them in opinion is meanness. 
The Earl said grace, both before and after supper, with much 
decency. He told us a story of a man who was executed at 
Perth some years ago for murdering a woman who was with 
child by him, and a former child he had by her. His hand 
was cut off; he wa.s then pulled up, but the rope broke, and he 
was forced to lie an hour on the ground, till another rope was 
brought from Perth, the execution being in a wood at some 
distance, at the place where the murders were conmiitted. 
" There," said my Lord, " I see the hand of Providence." I 
was really happy here. I saw in this nobleman the best dis- 
positions and best principles ; and I saw him, in my mind's 
eye, to be the representative of the ancient Boyds of Kilmar- 
nock. I was afraid he might have urged drinking, as, I 
believe, he used formerly to do ; but he drank port and water 
out of a large glass himself, and let us do as we pleased. He 
went with us to our rooms at night, said he took the visit very 
kindly, and told me my father and he were very old acquaint- 
ance, that I now knew the way to Slains, and he hoped to see 
me there again. 

I had a most elegant room, but there was a fire in it which 
blazed, and the sea, to which my windows looked, roared, and 
the pillows were made of the feathers of some sea-fowl, which 
had to me a disagreeable smell ; so that by all these causes I 
was kept awake a good while. I saw in imagination Lord 
Error s father, Lord Kilmarnock, who was beheaded on Tower- 
hill in 1746, and I was somewhat dreary. But the thought 
did not last long, and I fell asleep. 

WedMesday^ August 25. — ^We got up between seven and 
eight, lind found Mr. Boyd in the dining-room, with tea and 
coffee before him, to give us breakfast. We were in admirable 
humour. Lady Errol had given each of us a copy of an ode 
by Beattie on the birth of her son, Lord Hay. Mr. Boyd 
asked Dr. Johnson how he liked it P Dr. Johnson, who did not 
admire it, got off very well by taking it out and reading the 
second and third stanzas of it with much melody. This, with- 
out his saying a word, pleased Mr. Boyd. Ha QbeRic^^&% 



226 

hovreret, to Dr. Johnson that the expression as to the family 
of Errol, 

A thoasand years have seen it shine, 

compared with what went before, was an anti-climaZi and that 
it would have been better. 

Ages have b&wo., &c. 

Br. Johnson said, " So great a number as a thousand is better. 
Dolus latet in universalibus. Ages might be only two ages.* 
He talked of the advantage of keeping up the connexions of 
relationship, which produce much kindness. " Every man/* 
said he, " who comes into the world has need of friends. If 
he has to get them for himself, half his life is spent before his 
merit is known. Relations are a man's ready friends, who 
support him. When a man is in real distress, he flies into the 
arms of his relations. An old lawyer, who had much experi- 
ence in making wills, told me that, after people had deliberated 
long, and thought of many for their executors, they settled at 
last by fixing on their relations. This shows the universality 
of the principle.'* 

I regretted the decay of respect for men of family, and that 
a nabob now would carry an election from them. — Johnson : 
" Why, sir, the nabob will carry it by means of his wealth, in 
a country where money is highly valued, as it must be where 
nothing can be had without money ; but, if it comes to per- 
sonal preference, the man of family will always carry it. 
There is generally a scoundrelism about a low man." Mr. 
Boyd said that was a good ism. 

I said I believed mankind were happier in the ancient feudal 
state of subordination than they are in the modem state of 
independency. — Johnson : " To be sure, the chief was, but we 
must think of the number of individuals. That they were less 
happy seems plain ; for the state from which all escape as soon 
as they can, and to which none return after they have left it, 
must be less happy; and this is the case with the state of 
dependence on a chief or great man." 

I mentioned the happiness of the French in their subordi- 

* Lord Errol, the courteous entertainer of the travellers, died June 3, 
1778, aged filty-two. Dr. Beattie, in commauicating an account of hia 
death to Mrs. Montagu, eulogises his character, and adds — " His stature 
was six feet four inches, and his proportions most exact. His coun- 
tenance and deportment exhibited such a mixture of the sublime and the 
graceful as I have never seen united in any other man. He oiten put me 
in mind of an ancient hero ; and I remember Dr. Samuel Johnson was 
poBitive that he resembled Homer's character of Sarpedon.' 



)t 



nation, by the reciprocal benevolence and attachment between 
the great and those in lower rank. Mr. Boyd gave us an 
instance of their gentlemanly spirit, An old Chevalier de 
Malthe, of ancient noblesse, but la low circumstances, was in 
a coffee-house at Pans, where was Julien, the great manufac- 
turer, at the Gobelins, of the fLne tapestry, so much distin- 
guished both for the figures and the colours. The chevalier^s 
carriage was very old. Says Julien, with a plebian insolence, 
" I think, sir, you had better have your carriage new painted." 
The chevalier looked at him with indignant contempt, and 
answered, " Well, sir, you may take it home and dye it ! " All 
the coffee-house rejoiced at Julien's confusion. 

We set out about nine. Dr. Johnson was curious to see one 
of those structures which northern antiquarians call a Druid's 
temple. I had a recollection of one at Strichen, which I had 
seen fifteen years ago ; so we went four miles out of our road, 
after passing Old Deer, and went thither. Mr. Fraser, the 
proprietor, was at home, and showed it to us. But I had 
augmented it in my mind, for all that remains is two stones 
set up on end, with a long one laid upon them, as was usual, 
and one stone at a little distance from them. That stone was 
the capital one of the circle which surrounded what now 
remains. Mr. Fraser was very hospitable. There was a fair 
at Strichen, and he had several of his neighbours from it at 
dinner. One of them, Dr. Fraser, who had been in the army, 
remembered to have seen Dr. Johnson at a lecture on experi- 
mental philosophy at Litchfield. The Doctor recollected being 
at the Lecture, and he was surprised to find here somebody 
who knew him. 

Mr. Fraser sent a servant to conduct us by a short passage 
into the high road. I observed to Dr. Johnson that I had a 
most disagreeable notion of the life of a country gentleman ; 
that I left Mr. Fraser just now as one leaves a prisoner in a 
jail. Dr. Johnson said that I was right in thinking them 
unhappy, for they had not enough to keep their minds in 
motion. 



GEOEGE COLMAN, THE YOUNGER, THE DRAMATIST, 

IN ABERDEEN. 

1780-81. 

In the autumn of the year 1780, an event occurred which 
produced a material revolution in my " May ot Ul^e^" "^t^ 



Oxford Term was approacliing, when, lo ! it pleased my father 
that I should keep Oxford Term no more, nor enter London 
theatres for at least some seasons to come, — ^in short, he 
banished me to Scotland, and sent me to King's College, Old 
Aberdeen. On my arrival there, I was to be turned over to 
the surveillance of Professor Boderiok Macleod (but not to 
dwell in his house), with whom arrangements had been made 
by epistolary correspondence. This was a just sentence, or 
rather a well-intended parental measure, to remove me from 
scenes of idleness and dissipation, which not only London, bat 
even Christ Church presented to those who sought after them, 
and into which I had been rushing con gwto, 

Mj father's financier and I started for Aberdeen in a hack 
post-chaise and pair. We left London at the fall of the leaf. 
For many a weary mile from Edinburgh to my seat of banish- 
ment the country grew more and more sterile in appearance, 
till from Stonehaven to Aberdeen it became naked desolation — 
a waste of peat, varied only by large masses of stone sticking 
up here and there in the bogs, and even in the middle of the 
road. I expected that my eyes would be relieved when we 
came to the parks, which they told me were within a few miles 
of Aberdeen ; but, on reaching them, these parks proved to be 
a few fields of bad grass enclosed by stone hedges. 

We had daylight enough, after reaching the New Inn at 
Aberdeen, to have gone about the town while dinner was 
dressing, but there came on a Scotch mist, which we had 
heard wets Englishmen to the skin ; so we looked through the 
windows. Jn an open space before us stood a wet-through 
company, belonging to a Highland Begiment of Fencibles, 
dolefully drawn up in the drizzling rain, ankle-deep in mud, 
while the drone of a bag-pipe kept Maggy Lwudervng and 
Lochdber no moring, enough to drive its hearers mehui- 
choly mad. 

On the morning immediately following, we walked from 
New to Old Aberdeen, that I might be consigned to Professor 
Boderick Macleod. 

Sent down to Scotland as a delinquent to be reformed, I 
expected of course to be placed under a very rigid disciplin- 
arian, and had pictured the Professor in my fancy as a 
starched, pedantic North Briton, the emblem of collegiate aus- 
terity. Honest Bory was just the reverse ; he was a square-built 
person, of perhaps five feet eight, seemingly between fifty and 
sixty years of age, with a ruddy good-humoured countenance, 
and the manner and dress of a gentleman farmer. He shook 
me hj the hand| and gave me a hearty weloome ; and immedi* 



fttely turned to Jewett, and owned that he was rather sornr 
for my arrival, " Per," said he, " a young Englighman breeds 
mnckle harm to our lads frae the Highlands; he's allowed 
what I may ca' a little f ortnne, and sets nnco bad examples of 
eoonomy." He did not utter one word about College regula- 
tions and studies, but was anxious to settle me in ccmif ortable 
apartments in the College, for which he told me I must wait ; 
they were all with bare walls, and I must paper and furnish 
before I oould inhabit them. In the meantime, he recom- 
mended my getting a lodging with a Mrs. Lowe, who lived in the 
cabin, one storey high, opposite to the College-gate. With full 
instructions from old Bory whither to proc^, we wished him 
a good morning, chose my apartments in the College, then to 
Mrs. Lowe, and hired her best room. Night arrived, and the 
landlady brought me up a tallow candle, which she said would 
make me cheerful. I looked round the whitewashed room — a 
truckle-bed stood in the comer of it — some square bits of peat 
smouldered in the fire-place, which had no grate ; — ^the wind 
began to rise, the hail to pelt, and the curtainless window to 
rattle. I was wretched; I undressed myself, turned down 
my tallow candle for want of an extinguisher, and crept 
into bed. 

The remission of discipline in King's College, where I 
dreaded the utmost severity, was extreme — ^indeed, towards a 
young Englishman, there was no discipline at all. At the 
commencement of term, an acute, frosty -faced, little Doctor 
Dunbar, a man of much erudition and great good nature, told 
me — instead of saying I was placed in the class over which he 
presided — that he hoped for the pleasure of seeing me at 
lactures. " On what may you lecture P " said I to the Doctor. 
" Greek," he answered, " and Mathematics." I declared Ma- 
thematics to be my utter aversion, and that I could never 
endure them at Oxford. " Hoot! hoot!" said the little Doctor, 
** gin you come aince to my laoture, ye*ll find me mak* Mathe- 
matics sae entertaining that ye'U nae be able to keep awa'." 
I did attend . this worthy man a few mornings (when he ad- 
dressed himself pointedly to me in preference to all the other 
students), and then I totally deserted him. Mere boys pour in 
from the Highlands and other parts of the country, and sojourn 
here for five months annually, the remaining seven months being 
a period of uninterrupted vacation. They occupy almost unfur- 
nished rooms, with bare walls, huddlmg two or three, and 
sometimes perhaps four, in a bed. The accommodation of my 
Scotch servant, who had a room and a bed to himself, exhi- 
bited a luznxy whioli ttxoited their envy. 



830 

In respect to Prof eBsor Hoderiok Maoleod, m my quarterly 
allowance came throngh liis hands, I visited liini frequently ; 
not merely to receive my payments, but sometimes to procure 
an advance, and sometimes to consult him on matters of ex- 
penditure — chiefly the purchase of apparel, in which he was 
always ready to be my agent, and chuckled when he heard 
that I had nick-named him " Professor of Economy." 

There is no accounting for the inconsistencies of mankind. 
Who could imagine that Bory Macleod, in the teeth of all his 
habits and professions, and on the verge of threescore, would 
have fallen into the extravagance of taking to his parsimonious 
bosom a young wife ? Yet so it happened — ^yea, while he had 
three lads under his care to keep his doctrine alive in his 
mind, by giving him most abundant occasion for the exercise 
of his economical precepts ; and then there were ** rings, 
and things, and rich array " to be purchased for the bonny 
bride. The Sacrist of the College Chapel, who liquored his 
boots, rubbed down his Highland pony, and thrashed his 
walnut-tree, was to be superseded by a gawky in a green 
jacket and a red cape, who smeared whatever he touched, and 
broke a world of glass and crockery ; in addition to Mause, who 
had for five-and-twenty years made her master's bed and his 
barley-broth, and had been his maid of all work, a femme de 
ehanire was to be hired to wait on young Mrs. Professor 
Macleod ; then the house must be new painted, and (worst rub 
of all) partly new furnished ; the bridegroom's wardrobe, too 
(besides a new suit for the wedding), was to undergo a 
thorough scouring, that he might look gallant and gay, at 
least, during the honeymoon. I say nothing of the laugh 
among his neighbours, which was all at his expense. 

On the day preceding the nuptials, some wag sent him the 
following three lines £om Chaucer's January and May : — 

" Aviseth yon, ye ben a man of age. 
How that ye entred into manage, 
And namely with a yonng wif and a fiEdre." 

But he despised squibs ; he had anticipated the gossips' talk, 
and said it would only be " a nine days' wonder." 

Finding myself emancipated from all College studies, and 
having no further occasion for the scholastic gown, I had pro- 
fited so far by old Bory's lessons as to that, that this splendid 
Toffa should not be entirely thrown away ; I therefore ordered 
it to be metamorphosed into a coat of the newest London 
fashion known to a North British tailor, and persuaded my 
iwo English companion?, who ha4 ^imilaap dooks, to foUovf my 



181 

ex&mple. In these fiery liabiliments, we took our moming; 
walks to New Aberdeen, to parade backwards and forwards in 
a wide square surface, in the centre of the town, called the 
Plain Stones — a kind of uncovered Exchange, where 

" Merchanta most do congregate," 

appearing like three mad members of a hunt to the astonish- 
ment of all the sober citizens. 

There was no mightj moral turpitude in this, but it exposed 
the laxity of government in King's College, when English boys 
were suffered to abandon their studies, and misuse their acade- 
mical garb. It was also a piece of coxcombry (originating no 
doubt in myeielf), glaringly out of place in the midst of a com- 
mercial and CQi^orate town ; and particularly ill-timed, after 
I had. recently received a very flattering mark of attention from 
the Chief Magistrate ; for be it recorded that I had scarcely 
been a week fii Old Aberdeen, when the Lord Provost of the 
New Town invited me to drink wine with him one evening in 
the Town-hall. There I found a numerous company assembled, 
and, taking my seat at a long table, was wedged in between two 
officers of a Fencible Kegiment. The object of this meeting 
was soon declared to me by the Lord Provost, who drank my 
health, and presented me with the freedom of the city. My 
countrymen, Messrs. Earle and Persons, who had arrived in 
Scotland several months before me, had already experienced 
this civic courtesy. Bestowing upon three such raw subjects 
the same honour which had been conferred upon the celebrated 
Johnson, as a tribute to his learning, genius, and morality, can 
only be considered as an intended compliment to the English 
in general ; it could not possibly have arisen from any respect 
for any meritorious qualities in the youthful individuals. 

Since Aberdeen had always appeared to me a^seat of exile 
and region of dullness, I did not anticipate the regret I ex- 
perienced in the morning of my departure from it, — I could 
not help feeling a momentary pensiveness in quitting the old 
spot, and quitting it in all probability for ever. Shaking 
hands with honest Bory Macleod — ^who though too little of a 
disciplinarian, and too much of an economist, meant well, and 
had a truly kind heart — ^was a painful leave-taking. 

"While a member of King's College, I had voluntarily ac- 
quired a much larger portion of classical knowledge in two 
years (and a wee bit), than I had been compulsory taught in 
more than five times two at Marybone, Westminster, and 
Oxford. — CoVmarCs Handom Records, 

Sir James Mackintosh and the Bev. Bobert Hall ^^t^ ^ 



tliis period both Btndents at "Kinffa CoTlege ; and in the Bio» 
graphy of Boberfc Hall it is stated that, ** in their joint stndiee, 
they read mnch of Xenophon and Herodotus, and mcxe of 
Plato ; and so well was all this known, that it was not un- 
common as they went along for their class-fellows to point at 
them, and say — * There go Plato and Herodotus ! * But the 
arena in which they met most frequently was that of moraUi 
and metaphysics, furnishing topics of most incessant disputa- 
tion. After haying sharpened their weapons by reading, they 
often repaired to the spacious sands upon the sea-shore, and 
still more frequently to the picturesque scenery on the banks 
of the Don above the Old Town, to discuss with eagerness the 
Tariooa snljects to which their attention had been directed. 



ROBERT BURNS IN ABERDEEN 

Oamx to Aberdeen — ^met with Mr. Ohalmers, printer a f aoetions 
fellow — Mr. Ross, a fine fellow, like Professor Tytler — ^Mr. Mar- 
shall, one of the poetical minores — Mr. Sheriffs, author of Jamie 
and Bess, a little decrepit body, with some abilities — Bishop 
Skinner, a nonjuror, son of the author of Tullochgorum, a man 
whose mild and venerable manner is the most marked of any in 
80 young a man* — ^Professor Grordon, a good natured, jolly-look- 
ing Professor. Aberdeen a lazy town. — Journal of Highland 
Tour in 1787. 



LORD BYRON IN ABERDEEN. 

When not quite five years old, young Byron was sent to a day 

school at Aberdeen, taught by Mr. Bowers, and remained there, 

with some interruption, during a twelvemonth, as appears by the 

following extract from the day book of the school : — 

George Gordon Byron. 

19th November, 1792. 

19£h November, 1793— paid one guinea 

* The Bishop met BnroB in the office of Mr. Chalmers, the printer, and 
had an honrs* mteresting conversation with him on varions topics. The 
Bishop's father, on hearing of this interview, wrote a poetical epistle to 
Boms, commencing as follows : — 

O happy hour for evermair. 

That led my chil* up Chalmers* stair. 

And gae him what he valnes sair— 

Sa braw a skance 
Of Ayrshire's dainty poet there. 

By lucky chance. 



288 

The terms of tliis Bohool for reading^ were only five shillingfB 
a qnarfcer, and it was eyidently less with a yiew to the boy's ad- 
Tanoe in learning than as a cheap mode of keeping him quiet, 
that his mother Imd sent him to it. Of the progress of his in- 
fantine stadies at Aberdeen, as well nnder Mr. Bowers as nnder 
thoTarions other persons that instructed him, we have the fol- 
lowing interesting particulars communicated hy himself, in a sort 
of Journal which he once began, under the title of *' Mj Diction- 
ary," and which is preserved in one of his manuscript books. 

" Tor several years of my earliest childhood, I was in that 
city, but have never revisited it since I was ten years old. I 
was sent, at five years old, or earlier, to a school kept by a Mr. 
Bowers. It was a school for both sexes. I learned little there 
except to repeat by rote the first lesson of monosyllables ("God 
made man," " Let us love him,") by hearing it odN^n repeated, 
without acquiring a letter. Whenever proof was made of my 
progress at home, I repeated these words with the most rapid 
fluency ; but, on turning over a new leaf, I continued to repeat 
them, so that the narrow boundries of my first year's accom- 
plishments were detected, my ears boxed (which they did not 
deserve, seeing it was by ear only that I had acquired my let- 
ters), and my intellects consigned to a new preceptor. He was 
a very devout, clever little clergyman, named Boss, afterwards 
minister of one of the kirks {Ecuiy I think) . Under him I made 
astonishing progress, and I recollect to this day his mild man- 
ners and good-natured pains-taking. The moment I could read, 
my grand passion was History^ and why I know not. I was 
particularly taken with the battle near the Lake Begillus in the 
Boman History put into my hands the first. Four years ago, 
when standing on the heights of Tusculum, and looking down 
upon the little round lake that was once Begillus, and which 
dots the immense expanse below, I remembered my young en- 
thusiasm and my old instructor. Afterwards I had a very se- 
rious, saturnine, but kind young man, named Patterson, for a 
tutor.*" He was the son of my shoemaker, but a good scholar, 
as is common with the Scotch. He was a rigid Presbyterian also. 
With him I begun Latin in Buddiman's Grammar, and con- 
tinued till I went to the * Grammar School ' (Scoiice, * Schule ;' 
Aherdonice, 'SqueeV), where I threaded all the classes to the 
fowrthy when I was recalled to England (where I had been 
hatched) by the demise of my uncle. I acquired this hand- 

* The late Bev. Dr. Paterson, Minister of the Parish Chnrch of Montrose, 
who died lately (1871), upwards of ninety years of age, highly respected 
l^ aU.dasses. . 



884 

writing, wUoli I can hardly read myself, under the fdr ooplei 
of Mr. Duncan of the same city ; I don't think he would plume 
himself much upon my progress. However, I wrote much bet- 
ter then than I have ever done since. Haste and agitation of 
one kind or another have quite spoilt as pretty a scrawl as ever 
scratched over a frank. The Grammar School might consist of 
a himdred and fifty of all ages under age. It was divided into 
five classes, taught by four masters, the chief teaching the fourth 
and fifth himself. As in England, the fifth and sixth forms, 
and monitors, are heard by the head masters." 

His love of solitary rambles, and his taste for exploring in all 
directions, led him not unfrequently so far as to excite serious 
apprehensions for his safety. While at Aberdeen, he used often 
to steal from home unperceived ; sometimes he would find his 
way to the seaside ; and once, after a long and anxious searohf 
they found the adventurous little rover struggling in a sort of 
morass or marsh, from which he was unable to extricate himself* 

By an accident which, it is said, oocured at the time of his 
birth, one of his feet was twisted out of its natural position, and 
this defect chiefly from the contrivances employed to remedy it) 
was a source of much pain and inconvenience to him during his 
early years. The expedients used at this period to restore the 
limb to shape were adopted by the advice, and under the direc- 
tion, of the celebrated John Hunter, with whom Dr. Livingston 
of Aberdeen corresponded on the subject ; and his nurse, to 
whom fell the task of putting on these machines or bandages at 
bed-time, would often, as she herself told my informant, sing 
him to sleep, or tell him stories or legends, in which, like most 
other child^n, he took great delight. She also taught him, 
while yet an infant, to repeat a number of the Psalms, and the 
first and twenty-third Psalms were among the earliest that he 
committed to memory. It is a remarkable fact, indeed, that, 
through the care of this respectable woman, who was herself of 
a very religious disposition, he attained a far earlier and more 
intimate acquaintance with the Sacred Writings than falls to the 
lot of most young people. In a letter which he wrote to Mr. 
Murray from Italy, in 1821, after requesting of that gentleman 
to send him, by the first opportunity, a Bible, he adds, " Don't 
forget this, for I am a great reader and admirer of those books, 
and had read them through and through before I was eight years 
old — ^that is to say, the Old Testament, for the New struck me 
as a task, but the other as a pleasure. I speak, as a boy, from 
the recollected impression of that period in Aberdeen in 1796." 

The malformation of his foot was, even at his childish age, a 
subject on whioh he showed peculiar sensitiveness. • I have heea 



28ft 

told by a i^entleman of Glasgow that the perton who nnrfled his 
wife, and who BtUl lives in the family, used often to join the 
nurse of Byron when they were out with their respective charges, 
and one day said to her, as they walked together, '^What a pretty 
boy Byron is ! what a pity he has such a leg !** On hearing this 
allusion to his infirmity, the child's eyes flashed with anger, and 
striking at her with a little whip which he held in his hand, he 
exclaimed impatiently, " Dinna speak of it." Sometimes, how- 
ever, as in after life, he could talk indifferently and even jest- 
ingly of his lameness ; and there being another little boy in the 
neighbourhood who had a similiar defect in one of his feet, 
Byron would say, laughingly, " Come and see the twa laddies 
with the twa club feet going up the Broad Street."* — Moore* 9 
Jj^e of Byron, 



SYSTEM OP KIDNAPPING. 

Between the years 1740 and 1746, Aberdeen, in common with 
some other towns in Scotland, was disgraced by a barbarous 
traffic which consisted in kidnapping persons of both sexes, and 
transporting them to the American plantations, where they were 
sold as slaves for a limited period. The extent, the misery, and 
the horrors of this ignominious trade, and the reckless manner 
in which it was pursued, might surpass belief, were they not too 
clearly established by testimony which it is impossible to doubt. 
Copartneries were openly formed for carrying it on, and ships 
yearly left the port loaded with crowds of unhappy beings, of 
whom hardly one ever returned to his native land. The indi- 
viduals engaged in this guilty commerce were men of note, of 
fortune, and in public office ; among them were Baillie William 
Fordyce of Aquhorties ; Walter Cochran, Town-Clerk-Depute ; 
Alexander Mitchell of Colpna, and several others. The methods 
which they used to entrap their victims were as varied as they 
were infamous. Every art of deceit and seduction was em- 
ployed ; agents, drummers, pipers, and recruiting sergeants were 
dispersed throughout the town and shire to assail the unwary 
with bribes, alluring promises, intoxication, and still more dis- 
graceful temptations. Parties of men patrolled the streets of 
the burgh like press-gangs, and, by open violence, seized on such 
boys as seemed fit for their purpose. The inhabitants of the 
neighbourhood dared not send their children into the town, and 

* The house in which Byron lived is li(o. <^, "B^Kfu^^Nsw^^ 



186 

eren trembled leit they alionld be tsatobed awaj from tbeir 
homes. For in all parts of the oounty emissaries were abroad i 
in the dead of night children were taken by force from the beds 
where they slept ; and the remote valleys of the HighlandSi fifty 
miles distant from the city, were infested by ruffians who bnnted 
their prey as beasts of the chase. A still darker feature remains 
to be noticed ; such was the scarcity of provisions at that time 
that the poor were tempted to sell their own ofifspring ; and in 
the accompt-books of one of the kidnapping companies which 
hare been preserved, such entries occur as, " To Bohert Host for 
listing his son, one shilling s" and '* To Maclean, for listing kis 
brother, Donald, one shilling and sixpence" For the honour of 
humanity, it is to be hoped that such oases of depravity were 
very rare ; and, indeed, there are recorded too many instanoes 
of the heart-rending sufferings of parents in the loss of their 
children. 

The persons thus kidnapped were of every character, sez, 
and age — ^men and women, half -grown lads, and boys not more 
than six years old. Once in the possession of their oppressors 
they were driven in flocks through the town like herds of 
sheep, xmder the care of a keeper armed with a whip ; or they 
were shut up in a bam in the Green, where a piper was hired 
to play to them, while they were freely supplied with cards in 
order to divert their thoughts from any attempt to eioapQ. 
Kay, so unblushingly was this infamous commerce practised, 
that, when other receptacles overflowed, the public work^hovee 
was used as a place of incarceration; and when this, too^ 
failed, the tolbooth or common prison was appropriated, and 
numbers of individuals were detained in it for weeks together. 
" During their confinement " (to borrow the language of Mr. 
Maclaurin, afterwards Lord Dreghorn, who was counsel in the 
cause by which this traffic was exposed) "the parents and 
other relatives of those who had been enticed or forced away, 
flocked to Aberdeen in hopes of effecting their release-^hopes 
which they would never have entertained, had they reflected 
that the Town-Clerk and one of the Baillies were deeply in* 
terested to thwart them. Accordingly, no solicitations or 
entreaties availed, and those who seemed too importxmate were 
threatened themselves with banishment, imprisonment, and 
other distress. It will readily occur that it is much easier to ima- 
gine than describe the scenes which it is in proof ensued ; for 
nothing more piteous and moving can well be figured than to 
see fathers and mothers running frantic through the streets, 
crowding to the doors and windows of the houses where their 
children were incarcerated, and there giving them their bless- 



287 

ing, taking farewell of tliem for ever, and departing in angniflh 
and despair, imprecating curses npon those who were the 
authors of their misery." 

There are no means of ascertaining the exact number of the 
individuals thus kidnapped. One or two vessels, which sailed 
from the harbour in 1743, contained no fewer that sixty-nine 
persons ; and when it is considered that the trade was carried 
on to an equal extent for nearly six years, it is impossible to 
estimate the number of unhappy beings carried off at less than 
SIX HUNDRED. Their condition in the land to which they were 
conveyed was truly miserable. They were sold to planters for 
a term of years, varying from five to seven. During this 
period of slavery they were treated with harshness and 
omelty ; they were whipped at the pleasure of their masters ; 
if they deserted for thirty days, twelve months were added to 
their slavery. In a word, such was their wretchedness, says 
one who was an eye-witness to their sufferings, " that they 
were often forced to desperate measures, and to make away 
wUh th&nuelves" 

At the present day, when the authority of the law is se- 
verely vindicated, and its protection interposed in behalf of 
the poorest subject, it may be matter of surprise to some that, 
for such grievous wrongs as have been narrated, no redress 
was sought or obtained. But in those times, it should be 
reoolleoted that Scotland was but half civilized ; and that the 
lower orders, upon whom these injuries were inflicted, were as 
ignorant of i^eir rights as they were powerless to assert them. 
It is in evidence that many of those who endeavoured to pro- 
care the restoration of their children were menaced with im- 
prisonment and banishment, aud were so terrified at these 
impotent threats that they abandoned their attempts. And, as 
an instance of the manner in which the persons who conducted 
this disgraceful traffic had fenced themselves against punish- 
ment, it may be mentioned that, when a father, who had been 
robbed of his son, instituted an action for redress before the 
Lords of Session, no officer in Aberdeen could be prevailed on to 
cite the parties to appear in court,^ 

It is consolatory to know that, although these traffickers in 
human blood succeeded in evading the vengeance of the law 
for a period of nearly twenty years, the arm of justice was at 
length raised to smite them. Among the youths whom they 

* " None of the messengers in Aberdeen wonld execute the Bommons 
against Mr. Burnett, because the;$r wotild not disoblige him for anything 
the deponent Cwitness] could give them." This estimable personage, 
Bomett, was commonly known oy the name of *' Bonny John«" 



288 

carried off was one named Peter Williamson, "a, rougb, tagged, 
hnmle-headed, long, stowie, clever boy (bj which is meant a 
growthie boy)." After many strange reverses of fortune, and 
many romantic adventures, by sea and land, in peace and war, 
in April, 1757, this individual was, at Plymouth, discharged 
(on account of a wound) from a regiment into which he had 
been drafted. With the sum of six shillings, with which he 
had been furnished to carry him home, he set out on his 
journey, and reached York, when he published a tract, en- 
titled '* MreTich and Indian Cruelty, exemplified in the Life and 
various Vicissitudes of Fortune of Feter Williamson, who was 
carried off from Aberdeen in his Infancy, and sold as a Slave 
in Fennsylvania** Such, it appears, was the sale of this work, 
that the author '* began to think himself happy in having 
endured these misfortunes, a recital of which promised to put 
him in a more pi*osperous situation than he had ever hoped 
for ; and, having thus procured a considerable subsistence, the 
desire of hearing some account of his parents induced him to 
travel to Aberdeen." Here he arrived in June, 1768, and 
exhibiting himself in the dress and arms of the American 
savages, his representations of their gestures and war-whoop 
were applauded by crowded houses, while his pamphlet met 
with a rapid and extensive circulation. His exposure of the 
system of Kidnapping, however, having incurred the wrath of 
the Magistrates, he was dragged before their august tribunal 
on the accusation of having issued *' a scurrillous and in- 
famous libel on the Corporation of the City of Aberdeen, and 
whole members thereof." Of this charge he was at once con- 
victed ; the obnoxious pages of his tract were ordered to be 
torn out, and '* publicly burnt at the Market Cross, by the 
hands of the common hangman, the town-officers attending, 
and publishing the cause of the burning ; " he was ordained to 
be incarcerated till he should sign a denial of the truth of his 
statements ; he was subjected to a fine of ten shillings, and 
banished from the city. Williamson brought an action against 
the Corporation for these proceedings ; and, on the 5th of 
February, 1762, the court unanimously awarded to him dam- 
ages to the amount of £100, besides the expense of the litiga- 
tion, about £80, " for which the Lords declare the defenders 
to be personally liable, and that the same shall be no burden 
upon the town of Aberdeen." * It was the intention of the 
officers of the Crown to institute a criminal prosecution against 

* The worthy Magistrates, it appears, evaded the degree of the CSourt. 
and jpaid no part of Uie sums from their own pockets.— iTenned^'f AnnaJU^ 
vol. t. p, 280 



289 

the paxtieB engaged in the trade of kidnapping, but it nnf or- 
timately happened that the wretches were secured from 
punishment by a certain Act of Indemnity. They were, how- 
ever, still responsible to Williamson ; and, in an action which 
he raised against Baillie Fordyce and others, on the 3rd of 
December, 1768, he obtained a sum of £200 in name of 
damages, in addition to the costs of his litigation, which were 
modified to one hundred guineas.* — £obertson*a Book of Bon* 
Aoeord. 



EXTRACT FSOM THE LIFE OF FETEB WILLIAMSON. 

THE author's BIBTH. 

Know, therefore, that I was bom in Himley, in the parish of 
Aboyne, and County of Aberdeen, North Britain, of not rich, 
yet of respectable parents, who supported me in the best 
manner they could, as long as they had the happiness of hav- 
ing me under their inspection ; but fatally for me, and to their 
great grief, as it afterwards proved, I was sent to live with an 
aunt at Aberdeen. When under the years of pupilarity, 

* This second action, which seems to have escaped Mr. Kennedy's re- 
searchee, ftimishes a strikingproof of the scoondrelism of JBcUlUe Fordyce 
and his associateB in crime. Uavtng obtained the temporary withdrawal 
of the process firom the Court, in order that it might be sabmitted to 
firiendly arbitration, the worthy defenders entered into a conspiracy to 
intoxicate the arbiter, and procure his signature to a decision in meir 
ftivour. In this laudable design they were successful, but the judgment 
was set aside by the Supreme Court, 27th February, 1766. The arbiter 
was the Sheriff- Substitute of the County. On the day preceding that on 
which he gave his interlocutor he " was busy at hot punch about eleven 
o'clock forenoon;" having become "very drunk," at two o'clock he sat 
down to dinner, after which he " sate close drinking, as is the phrase in 
tiiat part of the country, kelter-tskelter — ^that is, copiously and alternately 
— of aifferent liquors, uil eleven o'clock at night, when being dead drunk, 
he was conv^ed home by his two maid-servants." On the morrow, 
shortly after nme o'clock, " a large doze of spirits, white wine, and punch 
was administered to him, with cooling draughts of porter from time to 
time," Alter dinner, he and two others " sat down to Ombre, drinking, 
at the same time, helter-skelter, a bottle andahalf of Malaga, a mu^ of 
porter, two bottles of claret, a mutchkin and a half of rum made mto 
punch." Afber tJiese potations, the learned Sheriff gravely pronounced 
judgment, and retired to bed, where he lay all the next day (being Sunday) 
*' dead drunk and speechless 1" One of the witnesses speaks of having 
seen this sober judge " upon the bench, when he appeared to be ree, and 
as if he had been dnmk the night before," It is remarked, in one of the 
pleadings, that the Sheriff's "mother died about the 4ith of November, 
and tiiere can be no doubt that he would get a hearty doze at her burial /"•— 
State qfFroeen, Feter WilUamaon v. Forajfoe, ^o. THith June, 1765. 



240 

playing on the quay with others of my companions, being of a 
stout, robust constitution, I was taken notice of by two fellows 
belonging to a vessel in the harbour, employed (as the trade 
then was) by some worthy merchants of the town, in that 
villainous and execrable practice called kidnapping — that is, 
stealing young children from their parents, and selling them 
as slaves in the plantations abroad. Being marked out by 
these monsters of impiety as their prey, I was cajoled on 
board the ship by them, where I was no sooner got, than they 
conducted me between the decks to some others they had kid- 
napped in the same manner. At that time I had no sense of 
the fate that was destined for me, and spent the time in 
childish amusements with my fellow-sufferers in the steerage, 
being never suffered to go upon deck while the vessel lay in the 
harbour, which was imtil such a time as they had got in their 
lading, with a complement of unhappy youths for carrying on 
their wicked commerce. 

When I arrived in Aberdeen in June, 1758, after having 
completed the period of my slavery, as related in the beg^inning 
of this narrative, no sooner had I offered this little work to sale 
in that town, which was then my only means of subsistanoe, than 
I was arraigned in a smnmary complaint at the instance of the 
Magistrates, before their own tribunal, and carried by three or 
four town officers to the bar of that tremendous court of judica- 
ture. The complaint exhibited against me contained in substance, 
'' That I had been guilty of causing print, and of publishing and 
dispersing this sciurrilous and infamous libel, reflecting greatly 
upon the character and reputation of the merchants in Aber- 
deen, and on the town in general, without any ground or rea- 
son; whereby the Corporation of the City, and whole members 
thereof, were greatly hurt and prejudiced : And that, therefore^ 
I ought to be exemplarily punished in my person and goods ; 
and that the said book, and whole copies thereof, ought to be 
seized and publicly burnt." Such was the tenor of the com- 
plaint ; and, instead of allowing me an opportunity of taking 
advice in time to prepare for my defence, I was hurried befcn^e 
them, and concussed by threats of imprisonment to make a de- 
claration of a very extraordinary cast, and dictated by them- 
selves, bearing, ''That I had no ground for advancing and 
utteriug the calumnies mentioned in my book against the mer- 
chants in Aberdeen, but the fancy I took in my younger years, 
which stuck in my memory, though I did not find I had reason 
so to do, nor did I believe these things to be true ; and that I 
was willing to contradict; in a public manner, what I had so ad- 
yanoed." &c. 



After elioiting this declaration, the Magistrates, without ftd- 
jourmnent, '* appointed me to find oaution to stand trial on the 
said complaint at any time when called for, and imprisoned tiU 
performance ; and ordered all the copies of mj book to be lodged 
in the Clerk's chamber." My books were accordingly seized, 
and myself committed to the custody of the town officers, who 
conducted me to jail, where I must hare lain till next day had 
not my landlord bailed me out. Next forenoon, the Magistrates 
proceeded to sentence on their own complaint ; and, accordingly, 
they "ordained the offensive leayes of all the copies of the said 
book to be cut out, and publicly burnt at the Market Cross by 
the hands of the common hangman, the town officers attending, 
and publishing the cause of the burning ; and that I should give 
in a signed declaration of much the same tenor with the former, 
begging pardon of the Magistrates and merchants, in the most 
submissive manner, and desiring this my recantation to be in- 
serted in the York newspapers, or any other newspapers they 
should think proper : And also ordained me to be incarcerated 
in the tolbooth till I granted the said declaration ; and amer- 
ciated me in ten shillings sterling, under the pain of imprison- 
ment, and immediately after to remove out of town." 

Such was the sentence of the Magistrates of Aberdeen 
against me, every particular ,of which was forthwith put in 
execution in the most rigorous manner. 

Had these judges had the least reflection, they must have 
been conscious that, in every step of their procedure, they 
were committing the grossest abuse. The complaint was made 
by their order and direction, and served at their own instiga- 
tion ; by which means they were first the accusers and after- * 
wards the condemnors. The subject of it was so irrelevant 
that they must have been sensible they were prosecuting an 
innocent man, for relating the melancholy particulars of his 
life, which ought to have rendered him rather an object of 
their protection than of their malice. The facts he had set 
forth in his book, relating to the original of his misfortunes, 
were so flagrant that, had he sued for it, he was entitled for 
redress against the authors of his miseries from those very 
Magistrates who now have the cruelty to aggravate them, by 
infficting additional hardships. To pretend ignorance is a 
very lame excuse. He must have been a very youthful Magis- 
trate in 1758 who could not remember some circumstances of a 
public branch of trade carried in 1744 ; it is inconceivable that, 
of a whole bench of Magistrates, no less than six in number, 
not one was of an age capable of recollecting what had hap- 
pened only fourteen years before j nor is it tQ b^ ^-'CK^iss&s^ 



24d 

that, of almost all the inhabitants of Aberdeen, they alone, who 
had the best access to know the traffic of the town, should remain 
ignorant of a commerce which was carried on in the market 
places, on the high streets, and in the avenues of the town, in 
the most public manner. Neither of these suppositions will 
easily gain credit. The Magistrates are commonly of such an 
age, and ought to be men of such reflection, as to render the 
first impossible ; and the second, for the reasons given above, 
is equally incredible. Every impartial person must, therefore, 
be persuaded that the Magistrates were not unacquainted with 
that illicit species of trade openly carried on in that city about 
the year 1744, and prior to that period. To prove that there 
was such an infamous traffic, I appeal to the depositions of 
several witnesses, some of whom shared in the calamity, by 
the loss of their children and other relations. These I have 
subjoined as they occur in the proof taken on my part. 



DEPOSITIONS OP WITNESSES ON THE FABT OP PBTEK 

WILLIAMSON. 

Alexander King depones — That he knew the deceased James 
Williamson, in Hirnley, in the parish of Aboyne ; that the said 
James Williamson had a son named Peter Williamson, whom 
the deponent knew when he was a boy ; and he, seeing the 
said Peter Williamson immediately at his emitting this deposi- 
tion, he is very sure that he is the identical Peter Williamson 
whom he knew when he was a boy. Depones — That, some 
years before the Battle of Culloden, it was the general report 
of the country that, when the said Peter Williamson, the pur- 
suer, was a little boy, going with a clipped head, he was taken 
at Aberdeen, and carried to Philadelphia, along with several 
other boys. Depones — ^That, about that time, the deponent 
had a conversation with the said James Williamson concerning 
his son Peter, who told the deponent several times that he 
came into Aberdeen seeking his son Peter, but they would not 
let him near hand him. Depones — That the said James 
Williamson told the deponent tbathis son Peter was in custody 
in a bam at Aberdeen, and they would not let him speak to 
him; and afterwards the said James Williamson told the 
deponent that the merchants of Aberdeen had carried away 
his son to Philadelphia, and sold him for a slave. Depones — 
That he heard in the country by report that John Elphinstonei 
merchant in Aberdeen, and one Black, a merchant theroi 
whether James or George he does not rememberi did deal in 



24A 

that way of carrying away boys. And further depones — ^That 
the said James WiUiamson told him, the deponent, that his 
sou Peter was carried away without his consent ; and he saw 
the father shed many salt tears on that account. 

John WUson depones — That he knew and was weU ac- 
quainted with James Williamson in Himley, and with all his 
children, particularly his son Peter Williamson. Depones — 
That the said Peter Williamson having gone to Aberdeen, as 
the deponent was informed, he was carried away therefrom to 
the plantations ; and, when his father and friends missed him, 
they made search for him many ways in the country, but 
could not find him. And the said James Williamson went to 
Aberdeen in search of him ; and, upon his return, he told the 
deponent that he had been at Aberdeen seeking his son Peter, 
but could not find him, and was informed that he was taken 
up at Aberdeen, and carried to the plantations. Depones — 
That he believes, when the said Peter Williamson was amiss- 
ing, he was about eight or ten years of age, and was a stout 
boy ; and the deponent seeing the said Peter Williamson im- 
mediately at emitting this deposition, he is sure that he is the 
identical person whom he knew before he went away, to be 
James Williamson's son, and was at the said Peter Williamson's 
baptism. 

Francis Fraser of Findraok, Esq., depones — ^That, about 
twenty years ago, he knew the deceased James Williamson, 
living in Upper Balnacraig, in the parish of Lumphanay ; and 
that he heard the said James Williamson lived formerly in 
Himley, in the parish of Aboyne. Depones — He knew several 
of the said James Williamson's children, and he heard it was 
the practice of some of the merchants of Aberdeen to kidnap 
young children, and send them to the plantations to be sold for 
slaves. Depones — He heard in the country that the said 
James Williamson, or his wife, had gone into Aberdeen, and 
one of their sons, called Peter Williamson, had followed ; and 
that James Smith, saddler in Aberdeen, had picked up the 
said Peter; and the deponent heard he was either put in 
prison, or put on board a ship, till the ship sailed. Depones — 
It was the voice of the country that James Williamson and his 
wife regretted, or made a clamour for the loss of their son, not 
knowing what was become of him. 

Robert Beid depones — ^That, to the best of his remembrance, 
he came to Aberdeen in the year 1740 to see his sister ; that 
his sister proposed to the deponent to go to a bam to see the 
country boys who were going over to Philadelphia, and to 
carry home to their parents some accounts of them ; that the 



JM4 

depcmeiti AecaHangiy vrent ovet, and heard mnsio and a gntefc 
noise in said bam, but the deponent refused to go in, because 
it occurred to him that he had heard in his own coontrj that 
many boys had been decoyed by particular artifices of mer- 
chants (and he has heard John Burnett named) to go over to 
America. D^)ones — ^That he was told that the number of 
boys in said bam was between thirty and forty. Depones — 
That, some time after this, the deponent's mother refused to 
allow the d^onent to go into Aberdeen, and mentioned, as the 
reason of this refusal, that the son of one Williamson, a tenant 
of Lord Aboyne's, in Bimley, and who lived within two miles 
of her, was amissing. 

William Jamieson d^Kmes — That, in spring 1741, and for 
BcmQ years before and after, the deponent resided with bis 
family in the to?m of Oldmeldrum, which he reckons to be 
twelve computed miles from Aberdeen ; that the deponent bad 
a son named John, who was, in the spring 1741, between ten 
and eleven years of age ; that, about that time, the said John, 
his son, having been amissing from his house, the deponent 
was informed by the neighbours in Oldmeldrum, the day after 
be was amissing, that they saw a man, whom they said was a 
servant to John Burnett, late merchant in Aberdeen, who was 
commonly called Bonny John, with the deponent's said aoo, 
and two other boys much about the same age, travelling to- 
wards Aberdeen; and that his son would be sent to the 
plantations ; that, in two or three days after receiving this 
information, the deponent went to Ab^een, where he found 
the said John Burnett, who tcdd him he had several boys, but 
did not know whether the deponent's son was amongst itkem, 
but said that, though he was, the deponent would not get him 
back, because he was engaged with him ; that the deponent 
upon this left Mr. Burnett, and went down about the shore, 
where he had been inf canned the boys were out getting the 
air ; and, when he came there, he observed a great number 
of boys — ^he thinks about sizty-^diverting themselves ; and 
they were attended by a man who, the deponent was informed 
by the people of the town, was employed for that purpose by 
the said John Burnett ; that this man had a horse-whip, and 
the deponent observed him striking the boys therewith when 
they went out of the crowd, Depones — That he observed hia 
own son John amongst these boys, and called upon him ; that 
the boy came up to him, and told him that he would willingly 
go home with lum if he were allowed ; that immediately upon 
this, the person who was Mr. Burnett's overseer came "op and 
gave the bo^r a lash with the whip, aod took him by tho 



M8 

tlumlder uid carried him unongBt the reet, and ittunediately 
drove them off, and carried them to a bam, where the deponent 
■aw them locked in by the f orementioned orerseer, who put • 
the key in his pocket ; that the place where the boys were 
■tanding when the deponent spoke with his son, as above de- 
poned upon, was on the shore, and, the deponent thinks, as far 
distant from the forementioned bam as from the Writer's 
Oonrt to the Nether Bow Port; that, when the boys were 
marching up to the bam, the deponent kept pace with the 
overseer, who followed immediately after the boys, entreating 
him to get liberty to speak to his son ; who answered him, he 
■honld get liberty to speak to him by and by, when they were 
oome to the bam ; but, when they came there, the overseer 
looked the door as above mentioned, and refused the deponent 
BooeM ; that the deponent never saw his son after this ; that 
the deponent, in passing through the town of Aberdeen, after 
his son was looked up from him, was told by several trades 
people, and others to whom he had told the story of his son, that 
it would be in vain for him to apply to the Magistrates to get 
his son liberated, because some of the Magistrates had a hand 
in these doingpi as well as the said John Burnett ; upon which 
the deponent went home ; that, in summer thereafter, the de- 
ponent oame up to Edinburgh to take advice what he should do 
in this matter— being oertainly informed by the voice of the 
oovmtry that the ship, on board which his son was put, had 
sailed for Maryland about a fortnight or so after that day 
when the deponent was at Aberdeen, and saw his son as before 
mentioned ; that, after the deponent came up to Edinburgh, 
he was recommended to the deceased Mr. William Setton, 
Writer to the Signet, who gave him a libelled summons against 
the said John Burnett, before the Lords of Council and Session, 
for restitution of the deponent's son ; that none of the mes- 
sengers in Aberdeen would execute the summons against John 
Burnett, because they would not disoblige him for anything the 
deponent could give them, which obliged the deponent to send 
a messenger from Oldmeldrum to Abe^een ; that the deponent 
having listed in this summons, the said John Burnett 
applied to the Earl of Aberdeen, who sent for the deponent's 
father, his tenant ; and the deponent's father came and carried 
him to the House of Haddo, where the Earl and John Burnett 
were at that time ; that at this meeting it was agreed that the 
said John Burnett should give the deponent his bond to restore 
his son to him, within the space of a twelvemonth, under the 
penalty of £50 sterling: that the deponent did not get the 
bond, but that the Barl of Abex^Lten "^^009^ 'Osa^^^tA 



M 

would oanid Jolm Burnett to grant tlie bond $ that tke de- 
ponent tliinka, to tbe best of his remembrance, thia meeting 
was in the end of snmmer 1742 ; that shortly thereafter Loid 
Aberdeen died ; and that the deponent having enlisted as a 
soldier (no donbt trapanned by these worthy characters) was 
sent over to Flanders, where he served some years ; and, upon 
his retnm, John Bnmett was become bankrupt, and had left 
the country; and the deponent knows not whether his son 
be dead or alive, having never heard of him since he was 
carried from Aberdeen, and never got the bond before men- 
tioned from John Burnett. 

From these vouchers it appears that the trade of carrying 
off boys to the plantations in America, and selling them there 
as slaves, was carried on at Aberdeen so far down as the year 
1744 with an amazing ef&ontery. It was not carried on in 
secret, or by stealth, but publicly and by open violence. The 
whole neighbouring country were alarmed at it. They would 
not allow their children to go to Aberdeen for fear of being , 
kidnapped. When they kept them at home, emissaries were 
sent out by merchants, who took them by violence from their 
parents, and carried them off. If a child was amissing, it was 
immediately suspected he was kidnapped by the Aberdeen 
merchants ; and, upon inquiry, that was often found to be the 
case. And so little pains was taken to conceal them when in 
possession of the merchants, that they were driven in flocks 
through the town, under the inspection of a keeper, who over- 
awed them with a whip, like so many sheep carrying to the 
slaughter. Not only were these flocks of unhappy children 
locked up in bams and places of private confinement, but even 
the tolbooth and public work-houses were made receptacles for 
them. Parties of worthless fellows, like press-gangs, were 
hired to patrole the streets, and seize by force such boys as 
seemed proper subjects for the slave-trade. The practice was 
but too general. The names of no less than fifteen merchants 
concerned in this trade are mentioned in the. proof : and, when 
so many are singled out by the witnesses, it is hardly to be 
imagined it would be confined to these only, but that they must 
have omitted many who were either principals or abettors in 
carrying on this infamous traffic. Some of the witnesses de- 
pone that it was the general opinion that the Magistrates 
themselves had a hand in it. But what exceeds every proof, 
and is equal to an acknowledgement, is that, from a book of 
accounts, recovered on leading the proof, recording the ex- 
pense laid out on one cargo of these unfortunate objects, it 
appem that no less than sixty-nine boys and girls were car- 



Ulf 

ried over to Amerioa h\on^ with me, all of whom Bnffered the 
same fate of being sliipwrecked, and many of them that of 
being sold as slaves. 

After snch a demonstration of my yeracity, and the mal- 
treatment I had formerly suffered, the reader, it is believedi 
cannot bnt reflect with some degree of indignation on the 
iniquitous sentence of the Magistrates of Aberdeen, and com- 
miserate the dismal sitnation I was reduced to in consequence 
of that tyrannical decision. Stript at once of my all, and of 
my only means of subsistence, branded with the character of a 
yagrant and impostor, and stigmatized as such in the Aberdeen 
Joumed ; banished from the capital in the county wherein I 
was bom, and left to the mercy of the wide world, loaded with 
all the infamy that malice could invent ; — ^what a deplorable 
situation this ! I could not help considering myself in a more 
wretched state, to be reduced to submit to such barbarities in a 
civilized country, and the place of my nativity, than when 
a captive among the savage Indians, who boast not of 
humanity. 

Conscious of my own integrity, and fired with resentment at 
the indignities poured upon me by this arbitrary decree, I 
was, by the advice and assistance of some worthy friends, in- 
duced to raise a process of oppression and damages against 
these my judges, before the Court of Session, the supreme 
tribunal of justice. And as the Lord Ordinary was pleased to 
allow both parties a^proof at large, under the sanction of his 
authority, I ventured to revisit the city from which I had 
been formerly banished, where, in spite of all the disadvan- 
tages with which power, wealth, and influence could overwhelm 
me, I was enabled to lead such a proof as convinced that most 
honourable and impartial bench, to which I now appealed, that 
I had met with the highest injury and injustice, and induced 
them to decern a suitable redress. For the satisfaction of the 
reader, the substance of this process is subjoined as before 
mentioned. 

On my arrival in America, luckily for me, I fell into the 
hands of one of my own coimtrymen, who had undergone the 
same fate himself, and who used me in a more tender manner 
than many of my companions in slavery had to boast of. No 
thanks, however, to my kidnappers ; for, if the devil had come 
in the shape of a man to purchase us, with money enough in 
his pocket, it would have been as readily accepted as of the 
honestest and most humane man in the world. 



146 



A 8H0ST HISTORY OP THE PROCESS BETWEEN PETER WILLIAMSON 
AND THE MAGISTRATES OP ABERDEEN. 

The case between the Ma^^rates of Aberdeen and ma 
ttands thns, withont disgaising the tmth in any the most 
ndnute partionlar. I therefore appeal to the unbiassed jndg- 
ment of the candid reader whether, after the nnmerited mal- 
treatment I suffered from the arbitrary proceedings of these 
Hagistrates, merely for relating a simple but disagreeable 
fact ; I say I submit it, whether I was not entitled to sue fotr 
redress from a higher tribunal. The motives or prinoiplea 
upon which they acted, in their irregular prosecution against 
me, in which they were both my accusers and judges, I shall 
not pretend to determine ; but, from the proof before inserted, 
the reader will hardly be at a loss to form a conjecture. In 
order to ascertain the power of a magistracy, it is necessary to 
have recourse to the original institution of it. That liberty 
which the constitution of this country considers as its favourite 
object, is the result of the equipoise which our laws have 
established between the authority of the Hagistrates and the 
rights of the people. As the relative duties of the society 
must be enforced by the Magistrate, and the compliance of the 
law exacted from the citizens by means of his authority, all 
the power that is necessary for these salutary purposes is 
vested in him ; and, in the due execution of it, he is not only 
entitled to the protection of the law, but is an object of its 
veneration. Yet the same principles that have thus armed 
him with authority for the benefit of society, have wisely im- 
posed upon him a restraint from abusing it. Sensible that 
authority im|nx^erly used may become the most dreadful 
instrument of oppression, the law has not only declared wilful 
malversation in office to be a crime, but to those who have 
BofiSoared by the proceedings of Magistrates, whether through 
inattention or ignorance (for ignorance is never blameless in a 
Magistrate), it has given an action of oppression and damages, 
for the reparation of the injury the private party has suffered. 

In this light did I consider the harsh sentence of the Magis- 
trates of Aberdeen against me. Had they acted according to 
the established forms of all Courts of Justice, their proceed- 
ings would at least have had some colour of regularity, though 
their sentence would not have been less iniquitous. Why was 
I not complained of by a party having interest in the cause ? 
Why was not the complaint served upon me, and I appointed 
to give in answers P Why were not the legal inducisa, or days, 



m 

allowed me to prepare far mj defence f All iheee lorttui weM 
negflected or despised. The Magistrates themselves instigated 
the complaiiits — ^they proceeded to jndge upon it without ser* 
Tice — ^without allowing indncisB — and without answers. It is 
evident, therefore, they acted not as Magistrates, but as 
private oppressors. 

Bazdshed from the capital of the county wherein I was bom, 
and stript of my all, I now bethought myself where or how to 
apply for redress. In this view I pursued my journey to Edin. 
burgh ; but ignorant of the law, and unacquainted with any of 
its members, equally destitute of money and friends, and lab* 
curing under the reflections which the calumnious advertise* 
ment published by the Magistrates threw on my character, I 
was utterly at a loss to whom or in what manner I should 
apply for direction. From this dilemma, however, I was soon 
reUeved by the assistance of kind Providence, who threw me 
in the way of a gentleman versant in law — a gentleman of 
knowledge, character, and integrity, by whose advice I was 
conducted, and by whose interest I was supported, from the 
infancy to the conclusion of my process. On a fair relation of 
my grievances, the injuries I suffered appeared to hSm so 
flf^grant that he did not hesitate a moment to declare his 
opinion, that I was not only entitled to ample damages from 
my persecutors, but that the Court of Session would find no 
difficulty to award these, with full costs of suit. It is unne- 
cessary here to take up the readers* time in running over 
minutely the different steps of the process from the beginning. 
Suffice it to say, that a process of oppression and damages was 
commenced, at my instance, against the Magistrates of Aber- 
deen, wherein the Lord Ordinary allowed both parties a proof 
of the facts alleged on either side. And, accordingly, proof 
was taken in part at Edinburgh and partly at Aberdeen, of 
which the reader has seen a specimen in the preceding pages. 
I shall only observe here that my personal presence being 
necessary on this occasion at the last-mentioned place, I set out 
from E^burgh to Aberdeen in September, 1760 ; and, though 
I had not the least knowledge of, or connection with, any single 
evidence I might bring, yet the trade of kidnapping was so 
flagrant in that country, and had left such an impression on 
the minds of the people, that I was under no difficulty to 
bring a complete proof of the practice by a number of persons 
who had suffered by it, being deprived of their children. 

And here I cannot forbear dcmig justice to the conduct of 
the gentleman who was named as commissioner to take the de- 
poBitioBS of the witnes8e»aQ the paort of my oppanents. B\unssj^ 



tbe varions itepi of prooedtire in leadingf thd proof, whereb I 
met with all the obstractions the malice of my enemies oonld 
throw in my way, he acted a most candid and ingennons part. 
After a short dependence, the canse at last came to be ad- 
vised in conrse before the Gonrt of Session by memorials on the 
proof, when, after hearing the parties at the bar at full length, 
their Lwdships were pleased, on the 22d Febroary, 1762, to 
pronounce the following interlocntor : — 

''The Lords having advised the state of the process, testi- 
monies of the witnesses adduced, writs produced, with the me- 
morials given in hine inde^ and having heard parties' proonratora 
thereon; Find the libel relevant, and proven; and find the 
defenders, conjunctly and severally, liable to the pursuer in 
damages, and modify the same to the sum of £100 sterling, and 
decern ; and find the defenders also, conjunctly and severally, 
liable to the pursuer in the expenses of this process, and of the 
extract of the decreet, as the same shall be certified by the 
collector of the clerk's fees ; for which the Lords declare the de- 
fenders to be personally liable, and that the same shall be no 
burden upon the town of Aberdeen. And ordain an account of 
said expenses to be given in; and ordain the account book 
mentioned in the state, and produced upon oath by Walter 
Cochrane, and signed by the Lord President of this date, to 
remain in the hands of the Clerk of this process, till further 
order of the Court." 

Against this interlocutor the Magistrates presenteda reclaim- 
ing petition, craving either to be assoilzied fi-om the process ; or 
at least, that the damages awarded should be modified. To this 
petition is subjoined the following curious letter ; — 

COPY OF A LETTER PEOM WIIIIAM DAVIDSON AND JAMES JOFP, 
LATE BAILLIES OF ABERDEEN, TO WALTER SCOTT, W.S. 

Abbbdbbv, February 4, 1764. 

Sir, — ^We are sorry to find by yours of 80th past, that there 
is a sentence pronounced against us in Williamson's process, 
whereby we are decerned to pay him a very large sum out of 
our private pockets. 

We think it necessary to inform you that our conduct and 
intentions, with regard to our sentence against him, have been 
entirely mistmderstood. We can, with the greatest integrity, 
declare that, at the time of pronouncing that sentence, neither 



181 

of na kfiew, difeotly or indirectly, ihtt Walter Ooolmme, the 
depute olerk, was any way concerned in transporting boys to 
America, or that there ever was in being the book he produced 
in proof j that neither of ns had ever any interest or concern 
in such trade ; that we never knew, and did not believe, that 
any men and boys were ever transported *from Aberdeen to 
America contrary to law ; that we considered the paragraph in 
Williamson's book, respecting the merchants in Aberdeen, to be 
a very calumnions and reproachful aspersion on them which 
they did not deserve; that Williamson himself had the ap- 
pearance of an idle stroller, and could give no account of himself, 
and had procured this pamphlet to be composed for him, of such 
shocking circumstances, in order the more easily to impose 
upon, and draw money from the credulous vulgar; and, upon 
the whole, that we had no motive or interest, -either on our own 
account or any person whatever, or any prejudice against 
Williamson (having never seen nor heard of him) to induce us 
to pronounce the sentence against him ; that we did it purely, 
as that we judged material justice to vindicate the character 
of those we believed to be innocent and were unjustly refiected 
upon ; and that, whatever in the sentence appears to their 
Lordships to be either oppressive or illegal, proceeded entirely 
from error in judgement, and not from any sinister design ; so 
that, however far the sentence has been wrong, we are ready 
most freely to make any declaration that may be necessary, 
that it proceeded from the most innocent intention. 

Under these circumstances you will easily perceive how much 
we were surprised in reading yours, giving an account of the 
sentence against us ; and how hard a thing it is to be decerned 
to pay a sum of money, as a fine, for doing what we considered 
to be our duty, — ^We are, Ac. W. Davidson. 

James Jopp. 

This letter, however, did not avail their cause. It was in 
vain to deny their being in the knowledge that such an illicit 
species of traffic was carried on by some of the merchants in 
Aberdeen, when it was done in so public a manner that the 
meanest residenter in the city observed it ; when the fama 
clamosa of kidnapping overspread the whole country, so that 
the poor people, whose business led them frequently to town, 
were afraid to carry their children along with them, least they 
should be picked up and transported to the plantations. In 
the end they insinuate that their sentence against me pro- 
ceeded from an error in judgment, and not from any sinister 
design ; and that they were willing to mak<& ^is^ ^<sf:^3ss»^Asstv 



Hooesmy to erkuse the hmooenoy of theb IntentioM,. But if 
a sentence oalonlated Iot tha sappreesioii of tratb, and ta 
preyent the detection of a commerce the most illegal and moat 
destractive to society, can be said to proceed from no sinistep 
design, then every sentence thafc has a tendency to screen the 
gnilty, and encourage those monsters who malce a traffic ci the 
persons and liberties of thdr fellow-creatnres, must be aok 
counted innocent. The whole of the procedure of the Hagif- 
trotee against me appears to have been directed to this stngle 
end. "From this view they first caused the whole impsessioii 
of my book to be seized^ and those offensive tell-trui^ leavee 
to be burned, that they might not revive the memiyBj of thie 
villunous trade, and rise in judgment against their brother 
merchants. 2Md, In order to make the surer work of it, theif 
extorted from me the declaration inserted p. 227, imder the 
terror of imprisonment ; and caused publish the same in the 
newspapers, in order to stig^matize my character, and brand 
me with the infamy of being an impostor and a liar. And,, 
kuiljf^ they banished me the city, lest I should retract my 
declaration, and have an opportunity to spread the truth ol 
my former assertions. Their schemes, however, had an eflfoot 
the very reverse of what they intended. Instead of sup- 
pressing the truth, their proceedings have proved the meezit 
of bringing it to light and confirming it by indubitable evi« 
dence, and so opening a scene of the grossest impiety, barbarity, 
and wickedness. 

To the above reclaiming petition answers were given in on 
my part ; and the "Lards, after reconsidering the merits of the 
cause, were pleased to adhere to their former interlocutor. 

Thus ended this process of oppression, carried on by a poor 
man against the Magistracy of one of the most opulent and 
most respectable burghs in Scotland. 

It is the peculiar happiness of this land of liberty to be 
blessed with a supreme court, wherein justice is dispensed 
with an equal hand to the x>oor and rich — wherein the cause of 
the king and the beggar is weighed in the balance of equity 
and law, and divided in favour of him whose scide prepon- 
derates. Happy is that nation whose judges are men ol m^ 
tegrity, uninfiuenoed by power, unbiassed by party, and 
untainted by corruption ! Such become the g^iardiaiis of 
the liberties and properties of the people, the protootors of 
the innocent, the scourges of the guilty, the supporters of 
the weak, and the terrors of the tyrant and oppressor. Such 
are the members of that honourable tribunal to which I ap^ 
peatod my oaase, whe redressed w^ griey«BiMe„ and alloitvi 



me snok compensation for those acts of violence and oppression 
which I had suffered from my tyrannical persecutors, sub they 
in their wisdom thought just and equitable. Nor must I omit 
to pay a tribute of gratitude to those worthy and learned 
gentlemen who appeared in my cause at the bar, and who 
nobly exerted themselyes in opening up and displaying that 
Boene of oppression and lawless persecution wherewith I had 
been harassed, and that without any prospect of fee or reward. 
In particular, I must acknowledge my obligations to that 
leanxed lawyer who was assigned me as counsel by their Lord- 
lAdps ndien my circumstances could not afford the price of a 
ooziisnltation. He generously embarked in my cause, and, by 
foroe of argument, law, and eloquence, exposed the injustice 
done me, and the weakness of my opponent's reasonings, in 
Buoh a light that miy plea became dear as noonday, and obvi- 
oius to the meanest capacity. 

I shall trouble the reader no farther on this subject ; my 
chief intent of publishing the narrative of my process, being to 
warn gentlemen in power and station not to abuse them by a 
lawleBS exercise of their authority against the poor and iono- 
oent ; for they may be assured that power will not sanctify 
oppresflion, nor will jnstice be hoodwinked by riches. 

Onihe other hand^ the weak and friendless need not despair 
of obtaining redress, thongh groaning under the yoke of 
granny i let them but have tiie resolution to apply to the 
OoDege of Justice; Providence will throw friends in their 
mj I their oppressors shall hide their heads ; and the croelties 
UbiSj have committed be retaliated upon them. 



EXTEACTS FROM THE "ABERDEEN JOURNAL." 

The first number was published on 5th January, 1748, and the 
f<^owing is the only advertisement which a|^eared in it : — 

ADVEBTISEMENT. 

That, on the 29th of last month, were amissing, Three Pro- 
missory Notes of the Aberdeen Company's — one for £10, and 
Two for Twenty Shillings each ; and of the Bank of Scotland, 
Two for Twenty Shillings each. — ^Whoever brings them to the 
Pnblisher of this Paper shall have Two Guineas Reward, and 
no questioDS asked. 



S54 

1748. 

We hear tliat the wood of Glentanner is not yet eztin- 
g^oished, notwithstanding some hundreds of people are catting 
and clearing away in order to stop it. It is reckoned that 
there are three miles of it consumed, and considerable damage 
done to the young trees. The two fellows that set it on fire 
are fled. 

On Wednesday last, James Gumming, of Breda, Esq., was 
married to Miss Vera Chalmers, a most agreeable yonng lady, 
daughter to Provost Wm. Chalmers. 

Bff order of Mr, David Dokt/rynvpUy Advocatef his Majegt^M 
Sheriff-Depute for the Shire of Aberdeen. 

That whereas, by the law now in force, it is provided that 
no man or boy in that part of Great Britain called Scotland, 
others than such as shall be employed as officers and soldiers 
in his Majesty's service, shall, from and after the 25th Deo., 
1748, on any pretence whatsoever, wear or put on those parts 
of the Highland dress commonly called the JPUdd, PMUbeg^ or 
Kilt^ or any of them, under the penalty of imprisonment, 
without bail, during the space of six months ; or (if judged fit 
to serve his Majesty as a soldier) of being deliveitsd to any 
officer belonging to his Majesty's forces, to serve there- 
in. And whereas such as shall, from and after the said 
25th December, offend against the law in this respect will be 
prosecuted with all rigour. This public intimation is 
therefore made to render such transgressors of the law in- 
excusable. 

1749. 

On Friday, being the anniversary of Bishop Blaze, who in- 
vented the mystery and trade of wool-combing, 1463 years ago, 
it was observed here in the following manner, with the ap- 
plause of the whole town : — The wool-combers, above thirty in 
number, being handsomely dressed, met at a tavern in the 
morning, chose Abraham Major to represent the Bishop. 
Francis Newman, captain ; John Strong, lieutenant ; and 
William Millar, ensign, adorned themselves with woollen 
sashes and cockades of orange and blue, and made a gprand 
procession through the city in the following order : — The 
captain first, with an officer's pike in his hsuid ; the bishop 
next, seated on a white horse, with a book in his right «Dd 



266 

a loaded oomb in his left band, baying two boys of tbe trade 
dressed in wbite leading his horse; tbe lieutenant in bis proper 
place, and the ensign carrying the colours of party-coloured 
wool ; the town's mnsio and drams beating and playing by 
turns ; and aU the gentlemen combers marched two and two. 
They ended the forenoon's procession with an elegant dinner 
at the tavern where they set out, in company with the mer- 
chants who first encouraged and still employ them. After 
dinner, they walked in the same manner, with the gentlemen, 
their employers, in the front ; the bishop on foot, his train 
supported by the two boys. Met again in the evemng in the 
great room of the tavern, and spent the night in drinking 
many loyal healths, success to their employers, the ancient 
trade of wool-combing, and all the branches of the woollen 
manufacture. 

On Saturday last, James Aberdein, having been convicted of 
bis being guilty of cutting a young birch tree, which was 
growing in the enclosures of Hilton, by the Justices, they or- 
dained the said James Aberdein to be returned back to prison 
in the Tolbooth of Aberdeen, and to remain for the space of 
four months, and to be publicly whipt through the town of 
Aberdeen by the hand of the common hangman, upon the last 
Friday of each of the said four months, between the hours of 
twelve and two, and thereafter to remain in prison tiU he 
find sufficient caution for his good behaviour for the space 
of two years. 

We hear from London that George Turner of Wateridge- 
muir, Sheriff-Clerk for the County of Aberdeen, was last week 
married at St. Michaers, Cornhill, to Miss Peggy Cattanach of 
Aberdeen, a lady endowed with every amiable qualification. 

By a private letter from London, we learn that Eobert 
^ Udny, merchant there, son to Mr. James Udny, advocate in this 
* place, was married at Oxford, on the 13th current, to Miss 
Hougham, an agreeable young lady with a fortune of £6000. 

1750. 

Bff order of the HonoiMrdble the Magktraies of Aberdeen* 

Whereas, Miss Eleanora Grant was elected sewing mistress 
by the Magistrates and Town Council of Aberdeen, is now 
come to this city, and proposes to open her school in tea on: 



twelre ^ys, in Convener Anldjo's bridk honse in the head of 
the Upperkirkgate — ^these are, therefore, adyertising all who 
incline to be tanght any manner of needle-work, washing, 
clear-starching, and many other parts of edncation, fit for ac- 
complishing a gentlewoman, that they can have access to 
enter to the said Miss Eleanora Grant's school in a fortnight 
hence, where they will be educate as above, and genteelly 
used by her and her doctrix. She also proposes to board snch 
of the scholars as incline to lodge with her, and will be ready 
to commnne with any person in relation to the board wagef 
and school fees. 

It may not be amiss to inform snch of onr readers as are, or 
may be, engaged in law-snits, that, as the Coxmcil Honse is 
now pulled down, in order to be rebuilt, the Sheriff and Com- 
missary Courts are holden in the Synod House ; so that they 
who have business with either, instead of waiting in the Castle- 
gate, may take a turn in the Churchyard. 

On Tuesday last, Bobert Gordon's Hospital was opened in 
presence of a Committee of the Managers, when fourteen hoys 
were received, genteelly clothed, and are to be ednoated in 
terms of the Mortification. In a short time the nmnber of 
boys is to be completed. 

Last Thursday, Sitton Can* was married in this town to Miss 
Bell Forbes, daughter to the Hon. Sir Alexander Forbes of 
Foveran, a young lady of great beauty, and possessed of all 
the amiable virtues that can render happy the nuptial state. 

On Wednesday, Robert Pine, servant to the minister of the 
Cabraoh, was brought to town, and imprisoned for wearing the 
philibeg. 

Yesternight, was married here Mr. Walter Cochran, Depute 
Town-Clerk, to Miss Nelly Udny, daughter to James TJdny, 
advocate, a young lady of distinguished merit and virtue. 

Last Tuesday, Alex. Aberdein of Caimbulg, late Provost of 
this city, was married at Montrose to Miss Nelly Carnegie, 
sister to Sir James Carnegie of Pitarrow, a young lady of cele- 
brated bMMity and diBtingniahed merit. 



267 

1761. 

Last week, a venerable well-meaning conple in the parish of 
Bellie, Banffshire, warmed with a feeble ray of their declining 
sun, in spite of old age and its attendants, boldly ventured on 
lawful wedlock. The man is ninety-six and the woman seventy 
years of age. The same week the contagion spread to the 
neighbourhood, where a man and a woman, both aged eighty- 
nine, followed the laudable and pious example. 

1752. 

On Tuesday last, being the first day of the annual fairs, re- 
vived by the City of Aberdeen, in order to encourage the same, 
the Magistrates and Council invited fifty or sixty burghers to 
ride the market along with them. Accordingly, they con- 
vened in Castle Street, at eleven o'clock of said day, when a 
detachment of about thirty young men were sent off to the 
Town-House for the City Standard, and, having joined the 
corps, the procession began through the town, preceded by the 
Town's officers and a band of music, and went on in good 
order to the market-place, being a mile and a half west of the 
town, where the market was proclaimed by sound of trumpet, 
amidst the acclamations of thousands. Afterwards the Ma- 
gistrates invited the above gentlemen, and many other 
gentlemen and ladies who were in the fair, to an entertain- 
ment in a large tent prepared on purpose, and, after drinking 
his Majesty's health, the Boyal Family, and a great many 
other healths, prosperity to the city, and success to the 
markets, they again mounted their horses and returned in the 
same good order to the city. 

His Majesty's birth-day was observed in the most loyal 
manner by the Magistrates, Town Council, Masters of the 
College, and Professors of Old Aberdeen, and gentlemen of 
the College. From their wonted spirit of encouraging home 
manufacture, they drank nothing at their entertaizmient but 
punch made of whisky shrub. 

As we have frequent solicitations from the country for in- 
formation of the success of the operation of cutting for the 
stone, and, as the gentlemen at a distance are desirous to know 
the fate of those poor people whom they are pleased to recom- 
mend to the Infirmary, we take this opportunity of acquainting 
them that a young man of twenty-two, and a boy of t^4l5(^ 



years of age, were both cnt for the stone in this Infirmary by 
Dr. Livingston, and, at present, are in a very promising way 
of speedy recovery j and, on Thursday last, a gentleman, aged 
fifty-two, underwent the same operation in a private room, 
and is in a fair way of being well. 

1753. 

On Tuesday morning, James Miller was brought to the bar, 
and was sentenced to be hung on Friday the 16th November. 
The poor creature received his doom with sensible concern, 
and only begged of the Judges the benefit of light that he 
might read the Bible and other good books for the short time 
he had to live. 

On Monday the 1st of October, came on the trial of James 
Smith, saddler, and late Deacon Convener of the Trades here, 
criminally pursued at the instance of Alexander Livingstone of 
Countess wells, late Provost of Aberdeen, charged with having 
injured Mr. Livingstone's character by saying publicly in the 
street that he was the principal cause of the high price of 
meal in 1752. After examining a great many witnesses, the juiy 
was enclosed about ten o'clock at night, and, at the same hour 
next morning, gave in the following verdict : — " We all with 
one voice find it proven that Provost Livingstone concurred 
with the Town Council of Aberdeen in every measure taken by 
them for providing the city with meal, and that he retailed 
meal of his own cheaper than what it was given in town during 
the last year's dearth, and find the injurious expression uttered 
by the said James Smith in presence of John Copland, proven 
as libelled." His Lordship delayed passing sentence tiU next 
day J but it was agreed before the Coui*t sat down that the panel, 
James Smith, should beg Provost Livingstone's pardon at the 
bar, which he did accordingly, and was then dismissed nm- 
pliciter. 

What was inserted in this paper of the 23d instant, as pnb* 
lisher of the Aberdeen Journal, I hereby acknowledge was rash 
and indiscreet for mo in publishing and printing the same ; and 
I hereby declare that I am now satisfied that what was as- 
serted with respect to the usage of the meal retailers by the 
rioters was a false representation of the true facts ; and that 
the paper given and printed by me in the paper of the 9th 
instant was an untrue account of the affair between Provost 
liiyingstone and J. Smith; and printed by me in the Journal^ 



26d 

of the 23d corirent, which was, by sentence of the Magistrates^ 
yesterday publicly burned by the hands of the common 
hangman. 

1756. 

Last Sunday night, was married Dr. Alex. Eose, physician 
in this city, to Miss Nelly Middleton, daughter to the late 
Captain Alex. Middleton, Comptroller of the Customs at this 
port, and niece to Brigadier-General John Middleton of Seaton, 
a young lady of distinguished beauty and superlative merit. 

On Thursday the 2d current, in the New Church of Aber- 
deen, there was given, before a very numerous congregation, a 
specimen of church music, as now performed in several parishes 
of this county, by a number of the parishioners of Kintore and 
Fintray, at the desire and in the presence of the Magistrates 
and many of the principal inhabitants of this city, when a 
variety of tunes were sii£g> some in three, others in four parts. 
The whole was carried on with great decency, and heard with 
the deepest attention by everybody present, who were greatly 
surprised to hear such numbers singing the different parts all 
in perfect harmony, and in perfect good time. 

On Sunday, St. Nicholas Church, in this city, being now re- 
built, and neatly and elegantly furnished, the same was opened 
with divine worship. There was a numerous congregation, 
who seemed highly pleased with the accommodation and con- 
trivance of the seats, and with the harmony of the ohuroh 
music as newly reformed. 

1756. 

The Provost having received letters on Tuesday last, there 
was a very hot press here for mariners and seafaring men, 
which was conducted with great secrecy, vigilance, and acti- 
vity. The Provost having concerted the plan of operation 
with Colonel Lambert, commanding General Holmes' regi- 
ment, in the forenoon of that day parties were privately sent 
out to guard all the avenues leading to and from the town, as 
also the harbour mouth ; and, immediately before the press 
began, guards were placed on all the ports of the town. A 
little after two o'clock, the Provost, Magistrates, Constables, 
and Town Sergeants, with the assistance of the military, and 
directed by Colonel Lambert, laid hold on every sailor and sea- 
faring man that could be found within the harbouc ejid tf:s«(rQi.<^ 



2d0 

and, in less than >an hoar, there were about 100 tak^n into 
custody, and, after examination, thirty-five were committed to 
jail as fit for service. Since that time several more sailors 
have been apprehended, as also landsmen of base and dissolute 
lives ; and, on Sunday last, were brought in from Peterhead, 
and committed to jail, six sailors, who were sent to town under 
a guard of General Holmes* regiment. There are now from 
forty to fifty in prison on the above account, and the press still 
continues. 

That subscriptions for the newspapers at the Exchange 
Coflfee-house, Aberdeen, is now opened for the year 1757 ; and, 
as it is the sincere intention of Mr. Wyllie to accommodate the 
gentlemen who have been so good hitherto as countenance hia 
Coffee-house he proposes, for the amusement of their leisure 
hours, to add to his papers a Magazine, to lie on the table, and 
to be continued monthly for the year ensuing. The subscrip- 
tions and articles to be seen on the Coffee-room table ; and the 
countenance and company of the former subscribers is expected 
by their most humble servant, Alexander Wyllie. 

Whereas, it has been very long and too justly complained of 
in the City of Aberdeen, that gentlemen and others, who 
either travelled for pleasure, or were under the necessity of 
taking a journey upon business of the utmost importance, 
could not be served in the most expeditious method to accom- 
plish their designs — ^these are to give notice that William 
Tillieray, at the Grallowgate-head, has furnished himself with a 
new close post-chaise, which he proposes to let with a sufficient 
driver and good horses, at the ordinary prices. He likewise 
keeps at all times, and to begot ready on an hour's warning, a 
set of good saddle and chaise horses. Any gentlemen or 
ladies who inchne an airing in said chaise, a mile or two from 
town, are to pay 2s. It is therefore hoped that, as the said 
William Tillieray has been at such pains and expenses for 
the service of the public, he will meet with suitable en* 
couragement. 

king's college, old abebdesn. 

The Masters of the said College do earnestly recommend to 
parents, that their money expended upon their sons at the 
College may pass through the hands either of one of the 
Masters or of some other discreet person in town, so as the 
Mebsters may have access to see the account of their expense. 
And; to prevent any imposition on parents or others as to the 



161 

ezpenee o! edncation at the said College, it la hereby notifiedi 
that the whole necessary expense of a stndent dnring the 
session of seven months, exolnsive of clothesi books, and 
pocket-money, amounts to between £9 and £10 at the second 
table, and £11 and £12 at the first. 

On Thursday, died here. In the forty •sixth year of his age, 
as justly as nniversally lamented, the affectionate hnsband, 
tender parent, enconraging master, and warm and sincere 
friend, Alexander Aberdein of Gaimbulg, Esqnire, late Provost 
in this city. When the monmfnl annonncement was known, 
the flag at the Castle-hill and ships' colours in the harbour 
were hoisted in a drooping way, as is usual on account of any 
public loss, and remained so tiU yesterday, the day of inter- 
ment. At one o'clock, the bells began to toll, and the minute- 
gun fired from St. Catherine's Hill, which continued till five, 
when the corpse was lifted. The pall was supported by six 
Provosts (the present Provost being one of the number), and 
placed on the right hand of the chief mourner. Thus attended 
and accompanied by a great many gentlemen of distinction in 
town and country, they proceeded to the Churchyard, when 
the interment was notified by a round of nine guns, which 
concluded the doleful ceremony. 

1767. 

Same day was married Thomas Forbes of Tillienaught, Ssq., 
to Miss Christian Gumming, eldest daughter of Geo. Cumming, 
Esq. of PituUie, a most beautiful and agreeable young lady. 

Whereas, at the General Meeting of the Commissioners of 
Supply for the County of Aberdeen in May last, a proposal 
was made by a person ci distinction for recommending it to 
the publishers of both the Aberdeen newspapers to unite their 
said papers, and publish but one weekly, by which those in said 
county, who had occasion to advertise any subject for sale or 
otherwise,would save half the expense of the said advertisement ; 
which proposal having been communicated to the publishers of 
both papers, and they, having a due regard to the interests of 
the county, have agreed to publish but one paper weekly from 
and after the 1st Tuesday of March next. And, as the pub- 
lishers of the Intelligencer SkTe from that time to have a concern 
in the Aberdeen Joumalt the InteUigencer will not be published 
after the last Tuesday of February. 



se2 

Last week, one of tlie landed gentlemen of tliis oonnty took 
a method as micommon as commendable to lower the price of 
meal. He sent in a quantity from his own gimal to the common 
market ; the mling price at that time was Is. per peck. The 
gentleman attended in person, and ordered it to be sold at 
Hid. The market then fell to his price, on which he lowered 
it id. When the market came to lid., he lowered another id., 
and so on, while his meal lasted, which for that time made the 
market very reasonable, and was of great service to the poor, 
who donbtless would be rendered extremely happy by a 
generous imitation of such a laudable and truly Christian 
example. 

1758. 

As Mr. Bocke observed an advertisement, last week, of a 
Concert for the benefit of the Poor House, that, without being 
advised of it, he was mentioned to perform on the Psaltery ; 
he begs leave to give notice that he never performs on tlmt 
instrument for any benefit but his own. But, as this is for 
the benefit of the Poor, and may be agreeable to the Magis- 
trates, and other gentlemen whom Mr. Rocke is willing to 
obhge to the utmost of his power, he designs to perform on the 
Psaltery at the said Concert j but begs leave for the future to 
be excused from playing on that instrument on any occasion 
whatever. 

By order of the Magistrates and Council of Aberdeen, 

Whereas, the Magistrates of Aberdeen and Council had for- 
merly advertised that they wanted a well -qualified and attested 
schoolmistress for teachhig all manner of sewing and other 
things that young ladies are usually taught, in consequence of 
which they have received several recommendations on behalf 
of teachers at Edinburgh and elsewhere ; and, having taken 
the whole under thei^ serious consideration, they unanimously 
found that Miss Betty Forbes, of Edinburgh, had produced the 
most ample certificates and testimonials of her being the best 
qualified of all the candidates, and that she was unanimously 
elected schoolmistress of Aberdeen ; and the Magistrates and 
Council foresaid do hereby certify that the said Miss Betty 
Forbes is well attested as a young woman of the strictest 
principles of virtue, honor, and honesty ; that she has integrity 
and gentleness of manners, joined to the most rigid modesty 
and morals ; that she teaches white seam and samplers ; 
washing and dressing ; coloured work of various sorts ; 
Bresden work and Dresden marseilling ; gam flowers ; poogs,. 



268 

in sllrer, silk, and enamel embroidery ; Bhell-work ; drawing 
patterns for sewing ; painting flowers and water-colours, in 
silk and paper ; illnminating prints ; working fringes, tasselsi 
jnmp-straps, watcli and cane strings, cords and loopings of all 
sorts, with several other things of the like natnre ; and the 
said Miss Betty Forbes will set np a public school in Aberdeen 
precisely at Whitsunday next, if not sooner, as the Magistrates 
have wrote for the said Misa Betty Forbes to repair to Aber- 
deen directly. Therefore all ladies and gentlemen may depend 
upon having their children sufl^ciently taught at Aberdeen in 
all genteel parts of education. 

1769. 

Upon the 9th instant, were imprisoned here, by order of the 
Magistrates, Janet Shinney, Margaret Barrack, and Mary 
Duncan. Upon trial, they were convicted, by their own con- 
fessions, of being in the practice, for some time past, of steal- 
ing and resetting tea and sugar, and several other kinds of 
merchants* goods, from a merchant in town. And the Magis- 
trates have sentenced them to be carried to the Market Cross 
of Aberdeen, on Thursday the 31st, at twelve o'clock at noon, 
and to be tied to a stake bareheaded for one hour by the exe- 
cutioner, with a rope about each of their necks, and a paper 
on their breasts denoting their crime ; and to be removed to 
prison, and taken down again on Friday the 1st of June, at 
twelve o'clock, and to stand an hour at the Market Cross in the 
manner above mentioned ; and thereafter to be transported 
through the whole streets of the town in a cart bareheaded 
(for the greater ignominy) with the executioner and tuck of 
drum, and to be banished the burgh and liberties in all 
time coming. 

1760. 

ADVEBTISEUBNT. 

That the House of Tillynaught is to be set this year for 
Goats' Whey Quarters. Any person inclining to drink Goat's 
Whey may apply to George Chapman, tenant in Tillynaught, 
who keeps plenty of goats, and has plenty of pasture for 
them. 

On Friday night last, there was a mouminff concert, at the 
Concert Hall, on account of his late Majesty's death. There 
were upwards of 100 ladies, all in deep moumia^^ b«».^&s&. ^ 



264 

great xramber of gentlemen. There were anthems simg, Bud 
the music solemn and suitable to the occasion ; and the whole 
performance was reckoned by connoisseurs exquisitely good, 
and gaye great satisfaction to the audience. 

1761. 

THB COBONATION 07 KINO OECBOE THE THIBD. 

Tuesday last, being the day appointed for the coronation of 
his Most Sacred "Mkjeatj George the Third and our Most 
Gracious Queen Charlotte, was celebrated here with the 
greatest demonstrations of joy ever witnessed. 

At sun-rising, a great gun was fired, on which the flags on 
the Castle-hill and Block-house were hoisted, and imme^tely 
thereafter the whole ships in the harbour displayed their 
colours. 

Betwixt eleven and twelve forenoon, an anthem was x)er- 
f ormed in the Marischul College Hall by the gentlemen of the 
Music Society, assisted with other voices (the music composed 
by Mr. Peacock*), where were present a most brilliant com- 
pany of ladies, the Magistrates and Council, the Earl of 
Buchan, Lord Forbes, Lord Frestongrange, and many gentle- 
men of distinction ; the Members of the University ; the 
Ministers of the City and Presbytery; the Officers d the 
Military and of the Customs and Excise ; most of the principal 
citizens and several strangers — amounting in all to the nundber 
of about 500 person. 

The audience was greatly delighted with the performance, 
being the best of the kind ever performed here. 

From the Marischal College Hall, the Magistrates and 
Council, accompanied with the noblemen and gentlemen pre- 
sent at the entertainment, and, escorted by a party of Greneral 
Pettitot*s Eegiment lying here, marched in procession down the 
Broadgate, and round the Castlegate — ^preceded by a band of 

* Francis Peacock was one of the principal members of the Musical 
Society, and tanght dancing in Aberdeen during the latter half of the last 
centiuT' and part of the present. He published a pretty large treatise on 
the art, which is still to be met with in old book-shops. Peacock's Close 
in Castie Street derives its name from his having bmlt several houses in 
it, one of which he occupied. He was very hospitable, and the principal 
inhabitants of the town were often his guests. A few individuals who 
were his pupils are still living, and recollect upon him opening his balls 
when nearly eighty years of age. The ball used to commence at four 
o'clock in the albemoon, and sometimes continue till four o'clock next 



866 

mniAa, eompOBdd of dnxms, fifes, and Frenoh hcimn, performed 
by the gfentlemen of the Music Society — ^to a threatre erected 
at the Cross, the tables of which were covered with carpets, 
and the rails with mazarine blue cloth, where the company 
drank to the health of his Majesty, Queen Charlotte, the 
Princess of Wales, and the Royal Family ; at each of which 
healths there was a volley of small arms discharged by the 
military, and a round of great guns fired from the Castle-hill. 
Betwixt the healths several songs, adapted to the day, were 
Bung upon the Cross, accompanied with martial mnsio, and 
fruit and a great many medals were thrown over the threatre 
among the populace. 

The ladies being invited to the Town-Hall were, immedi- 
ately after the procession, along with the noblemen and gentle- 
men, entertained by the Magistrates and Council with music 
and sweetmeats ; and, in the meantime, the different Corpor- 
ations made processions in order round the Castlegate and all 
the streets in the town, and having the ensigns of their 
different employ displayed, which they continued to do most of 
the afternoon. 

The wool-combers had cockades, sashes, and colours of wool 
dyed blue and orange ; and the linen weavers, free by a late Act 
of Parliament, had a piece of fine Holland of their own manu- 
facture, consisting of sixty yards, which they formed into a ca- 
nopy, on the top of which was displayed a crown, which was 
properly supported during the whole (k their procession, which, 
wjlth the others, made a very handsome figure. 

During the procession, and while the loyal healths were 
drunk in the theatre, a fountain at the Cross exhibited fine 
water-works, and set on the top thereof had an imperial crown, 
which moved briskly round, a laurel in its right hand and &jet 
d*eau in the left, and the angles in the fountain represented the 
sun, moon, and stars. 

At five in the afternoon, the Magistrates and Council, along 
with the foresaid noblemen and gentlemen, repaired to the Town- 
Hall, where the healths of his Majesty, &c. were repeated, and 
a number of other loyal healths were also drunk, under the dis- 
charge of a volley of small arms from the military, and rounds 
of great guns from the Castle-hill. 

The Convener and Corporation having invited the Magis- 
trates and many of the noblemen and gentlemen to the Trades' - 
Hall, they repaired thither between seven and eight o'clock, 
where the foresaid loyal healths were repeated under the dis- 
charge of volleys at each from the military, and were saluted in 
going there and returning hence with sky rockets and <]!t\:L<ei& ^^- 



tea 

WOslcB played off from the top of the gate, whloh was flaely illn* 
minated aiid ornamented with several emblematical deyioea. 

Between eight and nine at night, very curious fireworks were 
played off from the Cross, to the great entertainment of all the 
beholders. In the evening, there was an assembly in the Maaon* 
Hall. 

As we mentioned formerly in our paper that there had been 
no prisoners, either civil or criminal, within the jail of this city 
for several weeks past, we have now the pleasure to inform the 
public that there were no trials, either civil or criminal, before 
the Judges at their circuit here ; and that, being invited by the 
Magistrates to take a glass in the Town-Hall, after the entertain- 
ment the Magistrates presented each of the Judges — ^the King's 
Advocate-Depute and the Justiciary Clerk — ^with a pair of white 
gloves, on account of their having had a maiden assize, which 
they accepted with great pleasure, and wished that both their 
successors and they might have frequent opportunities of meeting 
with the same present. 

On Thursday, the first stone of a building designed for a hot- 
house was laid in the garden of Belville, near this place, belong, 
ing by lease to William Eeid, gardener there. The master and 
fraternity of gardeners, with several others, gave them counte- 
nance and assistance at the ceremony, and afterwards drank his 
Majesty's health and several other toasts suitable to the oocasioni 
such as the Magistrates of Aberdeen and several of the nobility 
and gentry of this and the neighbouring counties, who are pa- 
trons and promoters of this curious and laudable undertakiiig, 
which certainly merits the encouragement of the public, as it is 
intended to propagate and bring to perfection pine apples and 
several other delicious tropical fruits and valuable exotics, which 
the chilling asperity of our climate will not produce in the ordi- 
nary and natural way, even though assisted by the most favour- 
able circumstances 6£ soil and situation. 

1763. 

That the 5s Notes drawn by James More of Stoneywood on 
Bobert Byres, at Edinburgh, continue to be paid by him as for- 
merly. Any who want 20s. Notes may apply to Alezaader 
Macraw, at Bobert Mitchell's, vinter in Aberdeen. 

1764. 
Last week, a complaint was brought before the Magistrates, 



267 

at tlie InstaaiOd of the Frocnrator-Fisoal, against Thomas Benzie, 
indweller of Aberdeen, commonly known by the name of 

DOCTOR BENZIE, 

for pretending to practice in physic and ohimrgery within the 
city and liberties to the prejudice of the health and danger of 
the lives of the lieges, and particularly for imposing upon one 
John Low, from the parish of Fetteresso, who had come to town 
in order to be cut of a cancer on his lip in the Infirmary, whom 
Benzie persuaded that he would cut so well as to be in case to 
go home in a few days, that he cut the poor man's lip in such a 
manner that is impossible to prevent the deformity occasioned 
by the operation being improperly performed. The Magistrates 
having advised the complaint, with the proof adduced, the said 
Thomas Benzie's confession and declaration of the physicians, 
found that Benzie had greatly spoiled the said John Low's lip 
by ignorantly cutting the same, and likewise that he had been 
in the practice of performing other operations in surgery to the 
great danger and risk of the lieges ; and, therefore, prohibited 
and discharged the said Thomas Benzie from exercising or prac- 
tising in any part; of physic and chirurgery within the city and 
liberties in time coming, under pain of being banished therefrom, 
and publicly disgraced upon conviction, and fined and amerciated 
him in the sum of £5, to be paid to the Procurator-Fiscal for 
paying the expense of the prosecution in the first place — and the 
balance to be paid in to the cashier of the Infirmary for behoof 
thereof — and appointed the said Thomas Benzie to be imprisoned 
until payment of the said fine, and ordained the sentence to be 
published in the Aberdeen Jowmal; which fine was paid next 
day, and he was liberated accordingly. 

1765. 
BANK OFFICE, 

EXCHANGE C OPPE E-H OU S E, ABERDEEN. 



ADVERTISEMENT 

BY 

ALEXANDER WYLLIE, VINTNER. 



Whereas, a considerable number of 5s. Notes, accepted by 
me, dated the 10th day of June, 1763, were issued at this Office,- 
which are probably dispersed in different parts of the conj^tc:^ ^^ 



Ifrefti; part; o! wldoh hftTe not as yet been preflented for paymeni 
This is, theref orei intimating to all persona who may be possessed 
of such Notes that they will be punctually paid at the Exchange 
GofiTee-House here, on or before the 6th day of August next. 
The holders of such notes as are not presented before thftt time 
xnnst blame themselTes if they do not receive payment. 

(Signed) AiBX. Wtllix. 
Abibsiiv, 12th June, 1766. 

N.B. — ^All the Notes that are presented will be paid in Sil- 
Ter, as the persons concerned in this Bank do not pretend to 
impose upon the publio by offering other Notes in exchange. 

To be Sold, either jointly or separately, the Patronages of 
the Eirks of Slains, Aberluthnot, Marykirk, Auchindoir, New 
Hachar, Newhills, Tullynessle, Glenmuick, Glengarden, and 
Abergarden, and the Patronage or Bight of Presentation of the 
Two Ministers of the Kirk of Old Machar or Old Aberdeen, all 
belonging to the King's College of Aberdeen. Any person in- 
clining to purchase may apply to Mr. Thomas Gtordon, Professor 
of Humanity in the said College ; Mr. Wm. Tytler, Clerk to the 
Signet ; or Wm. Thorn, Advocate in Aberdeen — any of whcm 
wUl inform of particulars. 

1766. 

PiTiBsxAS, S7th Angoit, 1766. 

On Thursday next, at eleven o'clock forenoon, there is to be 
two horse races on the Links of the Old Kirkton of St. Fer^^ns ; 
the first for three guineas and a half, the second for a new saddle 
and a bridle. No horses but such as have long tails and have 
actually wrought this season will be admitted. Immediately 
after these there is to be two races of men ; the first for a piece 
of English cloth for a coat, a bonnet, and a pair of shoes ; the 
second for 10s. And two races of women, the first for a piece 
of check for a gown, some yards of linen, and a silk napkin ; 
the second for 10s. There will be inputs on the spot for after 
races. The above prizes are given by the Honourable Company 
of Water Drinkers at Peterhead, one of whom is to be judge dt 
the races, and he will take particular care that justice will be 
done to all who start. 

Upon Friday the 13th instant, three of the criminals con- 
fined in prison here, having been taken out in order to be 
whipped through the streets of this city, in terms of the sen- 
tence of the Circuit Court of Justiciary, held at Aberdeen in 
May last; when the exeoationer began to whip them, an 



3900 

andacious mob oonyocated on the streets in vast numbers; 
some of them were armed with stones, clubs, &c. ; attacked, 
beat, and bruised several of the military who guarded the 
prisoners, and threw many stones, till at last they forcibly 
rescued the prisoners, and thereafter, the mob continuing still 
together, threw stones ; and, notwithstanding the threats and 
persuasions of the Magistrates and their officers for a consider- 
able space after, the Biot Act was ordered to be read by order 
of the Magistrates. These are, therefore, offering a Beward 
of Twenty Guineas to any person or persons who shall discover 
or apprehend one or more of the aforesaid criminals, so as they 
may be brought back and committed to the Tolbooth of Aber- 
deen, to undergo their sentence. 

1768. 

THE LATING OF THE FOUNDATION-STONE OF THE BRIDGE IN. 
UABISCHAL STREET, 21ST MARCH, 1768. 

On Tuesday last, the Foundation- Stone of the Bridge over 
Virginia Street was laid, the ceremonies whereof were as 
follows : — 

The Brethren of the Lodge of St. Machar assembled at the 
Trinity Hall at eleven o'clock, and about one-half after twelve 
they went in solemn procession in the following order : — The 
military with drawn swords, entered apprentices, masons of 
the different Lodges, drums and fifes, gentlemen masons, arch 
masons, band of music, Stewards of the Lodge, &c., sword of 
Gustavus Adolphus carried by a gentleman mason, the book 
carried by a gentleman mason, the Master supported by two 
former Masters, gentlemen masons, and a detachment of the 
military. 

How soon the Brethren came to the ground it was sur- 
rounded by them, none being allowed to enter the circle but 
the Provost and Magistrates. The Master, with the assistance 
of two operative Brethren, buried the stone and laid it in its 
bed (the inscription undermost). The stone is in the south- 
east comer of the south pillar of the bridge. The two vessels 
were successively presented to the Master, and he, according 
to an ancient ceremony, poured out the corn, wine, and oil on 
the stone, saying, " May the bountiful hand of Heaven ever 
supply this city with abundance of com, wine, and oil, and the 
other conveniences of life.'' This being succeeded by three 
huzzas, the Master said, " May the Qnuad Arohiteot of the 



270 

tJxiiverse, as we liave now laid this foundation-stonei of his 
kind Providence enable us to cany on and finish what we have 
begun, and may He be a guard to this place and the city in 
general, and preserve it from decay and ruin to the latest 
posterity." 

"My Lord Provost and Magistrates, — In the public character 
I now hold at the head of my brethren of this ancient and 
honourable Society I presume to address you, and, in their 
name and for myself, I return you my most humble and hearty 
thanks for the honour you have done us in witnessing our lay- 
ing this foundation-stone. May you and your successors be 
the happy instruments in forwarding this great and good 
work, as it will add greatly to the ornament of the city ; and 
I hope it will be a lasting honour to you, and a means of 
transmitting your memories to the latest posterity. 

" My Brethren and FeUow-Citizens, — We have now begun 
a work of no small importance, and I hope our brother, who is 
now at present magisterially engaged, as well as all those who 
shall hereafter engage in completing this plan, will so avail 
themselves as shall add to the honour of masonry in general ; 
and I look upon it, my brethren, as a particularly good for- 
tune to the Lodge of St. Machar of having the honour of laying 
this foundation-stone ; and I wish the success of this good 
city may afford many the like opportunities, which must give 
satisfaction to every good man, and be a pleasure to every 
well-wisher of Bon- Accord." 

The ceremony being over, the Provost and Magistrates todk 
leave, and the Brethren returned to the Trinity Hall in the 
same order, escorted by the military. At the Hall gate the 
Brethren opened and received the Master with three hozzaa, 
and paid him the compliments due to his rank. They then 
proceeded with the usual state into the Hall, where they were 
entertained in that elegant and harmonious manner usual 
among masons. During the whole ceremony the greatest 
regularity was observed, and, although many thousand specta- 
tors were present, no person received a hurt. On the stone 
was the following inscription : — " J. D., N. J., Mr. St. Mc. L., 
A.D. 1768, eera mas., 5768;" i. e., Provost John Dnncan, 
Ninian Johnston,''^ Master of St. Machax's Lodge, anno domini 
1768, aera of masonry, 6768. 

♦ Ninian Johnston was Master of Kirk "Works in the year 1789, and, on 
the occasion of some repairs done to the East Church in that year, caused 
the following inscription to be painted on a hoard, and placed in the in- 
side of the Church ; — " N iyiAirus JoHirsxoir curamt refieiendum hauc 
tacramadem, 1789. MKW." 



l^STEKHEAO BACBS. 

Saturday next is appointed for the Peterhead Baces, where 
all noblemen, ladies, and gentlemen will be welcome. The 
water-drinkers have subscribed very amply for two races for 
women, two races for men, and two for horses. The Links of 
St. Fergus is the turf to be run upon, and all men, women, 
and horses that intend to run must appear at the Old Kirk of 
St. Fergus, at ten o'clock on Saturday. It is expected that 
there will be very fine sport, and the company will be very 
splendid. 

Dinner on the table, at Mrs. Forbes's, at three o'clock, and 
assembly in the evening. 



The Earl of Ebroll, and 1 g., « 
Al. Garden op Teoup, Esq. j ^^^'^^• 



A couple at Hnntly, one a maiden lady, aged near sixty, and 
the man near the same age, went to the church to be married. 
When they came to the joining of hands, the lady drew back 
and refused (virgin coyness, to be sure) to comply with that 
part of the ceremony. The minister and friends urged with 
her three full hours, but in vain. At last the bridegroom took 
her aside into a private room, and his arguments were so 
cogent that she suffered herself to be married in the usual 
manner. 

1769. 

His Majesty's birth-day was observed here, on Monday, with 
all possible demonstration of joy ; and, there being no military 
in the town, at noon about fifty of the burgesses, all properly 
armed and accoutred, with drums beating and colours flying, 
paraded at the Cross, and fired three volleys. At six o'clock, 
the same burgesses, having again paraded opposite the Town- 
Hall, fired a volley at each of the loyal healths with surprising 
closeness and dexterity. 

1770. 

It appears by the following advertisement that Granite 
Polishing, now so extensively carried on in Aberdeen, was 
commenced as far back as 1770 : — 

COLIN ALLAN, 

GOLDSMITH AND JEWELLER IN ABERDEEN, 

Takes this opportunity to return his general thanks to his 
friends for aU former favors, and to aolioit the Qontixm»D&<^ ^ 



d72^ 

item, which he will endeavonr to deserve by serving them gen- 
teely and regularly. He begs to acquaint them and the public 
in general, that he has established a Manufactory for Sawing 
and Polishing Granite Slabs, Tables, Chimney-pieces, Ac. &c. ; 
likewise, that he polishes to the highest perfection Marble 
Tables and Black Marble Grave-stones ; likewise, grinds and 
silverizes Looking-glasses of any dimensions, and mends and 
new silvers old ones. 

N.B. — ^As it has been found by repeated experience that our 
common hill stones are capable of receiving the highest polish, 
and are as beautifully variegated as any foreign marbles which 
are brought home at a great expense, it is hoped the scheme 
will meet with encouragement. It may be proper farther to 
observe that Tables of our own Stone are not liable to be 
spotted with wine, vinegar, &c., as marbles, our granite being 
proof against all acids, and is nothing inferior to Egyptian 
granite. Specimens of the above, of different colours, may be 
seen by applying to the said Colin Allan, who will punctually 
answer any letters from gentlemen in the country who are 
desirous of further particulars.* — December 3. 

1771. 

On Thursday last, was laid in Old Aberdeen the foundation- 
stone of an elegant house for Hugh M'Lean, Esq. of CoU, at 
which were present the Hon. Captain Charles Boyd, Provost, 
and the rest of the Magistrates, the Masters of the Univer- 
sity, and Ministers, with several persons of distinction. The 
undertaker, A. Bannerman, delivered a suitable speech to the 
occasion. 

1773. 

TO THE PRINTEE OF THE "ABERDEEN JOURNAL." 

I observed in your last that the town of Dundee is provided 
with watchmen — an example worthy of imitation in every part 
of the kingdom. In the Eastern countries watchmen are called 
clapper-men, and at present in Glasgow men patrole the 
streets with a clapper or sort of rattle in their hands, which, 
although they make a noise loud enough to be heard, are not 

♦ Mr. Allan died shortly after the date of this advertisement, and the 
trade lay dormant untU aoout the year 1820, at which time the late Mr. 
Alexander Macdonald commenced it on a small scale, and by his skill 
and energy established a laree and extensive business. Mr. Maodonald 
WM BUGoeeded in the trade by his son. 



S78 

to be compared to the pleasure of hearings when one happens 
to awaken in the night time, not only the honr, but the state 
of the weather. I beg leave to submit, with aU proper defer- 
ence to our worthy Magistrates, whether such an example 
might not be adopted here. Nine men might be sufficient, 
three to each of the quarters of the town ; 4b. a-week would 
be sufficient gratification to them for patrolling the streets 
from ten at night to four in the morning in summer, and six 
in winter. These hints, I hope, you will give to the public 
through the channel of your paper, and oblige 

A GoNSTAirr Beadbb. 

The death of Dr. John Gregory is matter of unfeigned and 
universal concern in this country. The Musical Society of 
Aberdeen, of which this excellent person was a zealous pabron, 
and one of the first projectors, appointed a mourning concert 
to his memory, which was held in the Concert Hall on Friday 
last. The music, both vocal and instrumental, was judiciously 
chosen and well executed, and the whole was conducted with 
such propriety as did honour to the sensibility and taste not 
only of the performers, but of all the company, which was very 
numerous. This mournful solemnity was indeed in all respects 
worthy of the place which had the honour of the birth and 
education, and was long blessed with the residence, of this 
gentleman, of whom it is but justice to say that he was one of 
the most amiable and accomplished of his time. 

1776. 

The Magistrates of this city have of late fined several of the 
inhabitants for not attending the town-guard appdnted for 
preserving the peace of the town in the night time, and as none 
of the military are expected in this place for some time, we 
hear that the Magistrates are resolved to insist on the whole of 
the inhabitants attending the town-guard when appointed in 
their turn, and to fine every person who shall be absent and 
not send a sufficient man in his place. 

THE LAYING OF THE POUNDATION-STONE OF THE NEW PIEBy 

12th JUNE, 1776. 

On Monday last, the foundation-stone of the New Pier was 
laid with great solemnity. About twelve, the Brethren of the 
Lodge of St. John, accompanied by the Ma^tratea eai^ Q^^ss^ss^ 



iU 

fknd a band of mnsic of tlie gentlemen of tke Musical Society, 
playing some marches, composed for the occasion by 'Mr, 
Barber, walked in procession from the Hall in the Castlegate 
to the Sandness, where they were received by an immense 
crowd of spectators. The stone was then laid with the nsnal 
ceremonieSj amidst the loudest acclamations of joy from the 
spectators, and the repeated discharges of cannon from, the 
Block -house and the vessels in the harbour ; after which the 
procession returned, and the Magistrates and Council, and a 
number of the principal inhabitants, dined in the Town-Hall, 
and the masons in their Hall, and drank a cheerful glass to the 
completion of this noble imdertaking. 

To he Sold hy Public Soupf on Saturday next, at One o*elookf 

in the Synod House j 

The Old Clock presently in the Church Steeple of Aberdeen. 

N.B. — If not sold together, the largest Wheels, which 
are extremely fit for rope or twine spinners, will be sold 
separately. 

1776. 

We hear that the elegant new street leading from the Broad- 
gate to the Mealmarket is named Queen Street, in honour of 
our gracious sovereign. 

There is lately established at this place (Huntly), by the 
interest of Colonel Morris, a runner to Keith three times 
weekly, which opens a communication to the Keith country, 
insteaid of the Huntly letters being carried to Oldmeldrum, 
and round by the sea-coast, which was the means of retarding 
the correspondence very much. 

1777. 

A E A F F L £. 

To he Maffled for, mthin the Common School of the MarUchat 
College^ upon Thursday the \Qth January, 

A fine Mahogany Desk and Bookcase of very curious work- 
manship. Each entrant to pay 2s. 6d., and the Gainer a 
Oainea to the Exposer, in name of expenses. 



275 

1778. 

POR LONDON, 

2b Sail ^positvoely on Saturday next, the 7th November, wind 

and weaiher serving. 

The Aberdeen Smack. Will lie a short time at London, and, 
if no convoy is appointed, will sail under cover of a fleet of 
colliers — the best convoy of any. 

For particulars, apply to Captain Milne, at the foot of the 
Netherkirkgate ; or to William Bait, Merchant, in Broadgate, 
Aberdeen. 

1780. 

ABERDEEN ALMANACK, 1780. 

One particular in which we differ from some of our southern 
brethren we must, in justice to ourselves, observe, and to which 
we solicit the attention of the public. It is in the calculation 
of the new and full moons for this year. There will be found 
often a difference of half a day, sometimes a whole day or 
more, and which seldom comes nearer than six hours in our 
calculation of this necessary article. Which of us is in the 
right let a discerning public judge — ^that public which never 
fails to distinguish and encourage merit, and by whose word 
we stand or fall. 

TO THE PRINTER OP THE "ABERDEEN JOURNAL.*' 

I beg leave, • through the channel of your paper, to ask a 
question of the publishers of the Scots Almanack. What is the 
reason of the remarkable difference between the Edinburgh 
and Aberdeen Almanacks, with regard to an eclipse which is 
to be at next full moon P The Edinburgh Almanacks declare 
it to be invisible, and the Aberdeen Almanack makes it a 
visible eclipse. Is the moon at that time set at Edinburgh 
though not at Aberdeen ? Or does the small difference in 
latitude between Edinburgh and Aberdeen make so great a 
difference in an eclipse of the moon P Or do the publishers of 
the Edinburgh Almanacks expect that all who look into their 
Almanacks wiU be asleep at that hour, and that so the eclipse 
will bo invisible to them P Or, on the other hand, are the 
publishers of the Aberdeen Almanack wrong P They take no 
notice of this difference, when, in the beginning of the ^^^^^ 



fM 

ihey published an advertisemexit pointing out tke great di8« 
agreement between theirs and the other Almanacks, as to the 
changes, &c. of the moon. An answer is expected to some of 
the questions by your paper. The moon herself will answer 
the last. — I am, yours, NocruBNiys. 

1781. 

On the arrival at Grauling of the account of the acquittal of 
Lord George Grordon, a great number of the most respectable 
gentlemen and their tenants assembled on the 27th, erected a 
bonfire, drank the healths of the King, the Duke and I>uc}i6a8 
of Gordon, Lord George, and all the friends of that noble 
family. At every health a half mutchkin of unmixed wWsky 
was drunk by every person, accompanied by a volley erf 
small arms. 

At Glenbucket, Mr. Gordon and some other gentlemen in 
that neighbourhood, with above two hundred of their tenants, 
met at Tomintoul, where a large bonfire was erected, the town 
illumined, and several volleys fired, accompanied with the 
old Scottish martial music by Glenbucket's piper. Thereafter, 
there was a ball and entertaimuent at the public-house, where 
Glenbucket and many others of the name danced the reel 
called " The Gordons hae the guidin* o't," and the new reel 
composed for the occasion by Glenbucket's fiddler, and spent 
the evening in the most jovial manner. 

1784. 

The balloon mentioned in our last, which was sent off from 
the observatory of Marischal College under the direction of 
Professor Copland (being the first experiment made of this 
kind in Scotland), descended again at the House of Stricken 
a few minutes after one o'clock of the same day. The country 
people who observed it fiirst descending from the olouds were 
greatly alarmed. 

1785. 

We are happy to inform the public that the Magistrates and 
Council have invested a committee of the citizens with full 
power to devise and carry into execution a plan for more effec- 
tually keeping the streets clean. The Committee have already 
repeatedly met on this business, so much connected with the 
oonvenienoe of the inhabitants; and have resolved that it Bhall 



be oondxioted under their own snperintendenoei aflsisted b^ 
certain gentlemen in every district. 

Seyeral scavengers are already engaged, who are to be em- 
ployed during the whole of every day, not only in collecting 
the dnng, bnt in raking and sweeping the streets. The former 
regulations have been revised and considerably altered by the 
oommittee so as to render them more reasonably practicable, 
and, having been approved of and ratified in Council, the 
penalties annexed to transgressors will be rigorously exacted. 
If the oommittee are properly suppcnrted by the inhabitants 
(and it is surely every one's duty to lend his assistance), tiiere 
can be little doubt that this necessary part of the police will be 
greatly improved. The gentlemoi of the committee are Greorge 
Moir of Scotstown, preses; Baillie Alexander Black; Baillie 
Burnett ; Baillie Dingwall ; Patrick Bannerman of Woodside ; 
Mr. David Morioe, sen. ; Mr. Wm. Shepherd ; and Mr. Ewen. 

BUBGH BE70BM. 

The Court was fuller than has been known on any occasion. 
Many burgesses were even crowded into the lobby, yet there 
was the greatest quietness and order observed. This, joined 
to the quiet and decOTum of the general meetings held here 
of late, affords very abundant proof that popular assemblies 
are not by any means such dangerous things as has been by 
some so strongly aiyserted. 

1787. 

Notwithstanding all the laudable vigilance and attention of 
the Magistrates to prevent the forestalling of provisions for 
some fVidays past, scarcely an egg was to be seen. The 
49carcity, however, was ascribed to various oaoses without 
falling on the right one ; for, on Tuesday last, the Magistrates, 
upon a special information that almost the whole haA been 
bought up by one dealer from London, in the houses of stablers 
and otherwise on their way to the market, caused search this 
gentleman's hoard, when, to the astonishment of the public, the 
quantity found and bought up in the course of last week alone 
amounted, we are informed, .to ruo less than 3,560 dozen or 
42,720 eggs, the whole of which, with the proprietor, were 
immediately seized. After full hearing, the Magistrates fined 
the proprietor in forty pounds Scots as a forestaller ; but, as he 
was a stranger, declined confiscating the eggs seized, which, 
<m paymei^ of the fine, he was allowed to get liaok. 



278 

On Friday last, tlie Magistrates, after a f nU trial, condemned 
a measure nsed by Jolm Collie, gardener, as a peck for 
measuring the potatoes sold by him in our market to be broken 
down at the Cross by the hands of the common hangman, 
the town's drummer attending and proclaiming the name of 
the owner and cause of condemnation; which was that the 
measure was nearly deficient one-third of the standard, and 
the sentence was immediately executed amidst a great con- 
course of spectators. The Magistrates further fined Mr. 
Collie in £5 to the poor, and 50s. in name of expenses, and 
ordained him to be imprisoned till payment. He immediately 
paid the fine. 

178a 

Yesterday, Patrick Young, condemned at the last Cironit of 
Aberdeen for breaking into a shop at Portsoy, and stealing a 
considerable quantity of goods, but who made his escape 
before the day of execution, was brought to the bar. On a 
former day, he had denied his being the person, and his connsel 
contended that it was his privilege as a British subject to have 
his identity tried by a jury. The Counsel for the Crown, on 
the other hand, maintsmied that in such cases it was the prac- 
tice for the Court to order the former sentence to be put into 
execution on a proof of the prisoner's identity. Two of the 
Judges — ^Lord Eskgrove and Lord Swinton — ^were of opinion 
that a jury was necessary; four of their Lordships — ^Lord 
Justice-Clerk, Lord Hailes, Lord Henderland, and Lord Stone- 
field — ^were of opinion that, as the prisoner had already been 
tried by a jury, the Court were competent to proceed without 
a jury to take proof of his identity. The Court, therefore, pro- 
nounced an interlocutor repelling the objections offered for the 
prisoner in bar of procedure. 

This day, the Court met again, and, having examined Wm. 
Stewart, jun., writer in Edinburgh, who acted as a maoer at 
the last Court at Aberdeen, and Alexander Guthrie, Cironit 
Clerk, who having both positively deponed to the identity of 
the said Peter or Patrick Young, their Lordships ordained him 
to be executed at Edinburgh, on Wednesday the 2d April next. 

1790. 

The population and extent of this place seems to be going 
on with increasing speed. The well-known field called Looh- 
lands, on the west side of the 6allowgate,is now partly fened 
out tor building. It is to contain four prinoipiEJ streetB-— 



m 

Gfeovgfd Stveet, Oh&rlotte Street, St. Andrew Street, and Jolin 
Street. George Street is already begun, and, from the spirit 
of improvement which so mnch preyails, there is little doubt 
but in a few years this will f OTm a populous and elegant addi- 
tion to Aberdeen. Indeed, it is almost the only quarter where 
the town can be extended to any great extent, 

1794/ 

J^ATIKO 07 THB VOUNDATION-BTONB 07 THE ABBBDBBN BAl^BACKS, 

24rH JUNB, 1794. 

On Tuesday last, the foundation-stone of the Barracks, to 
be built at the Oastle-hill, was laid by the Most Noble the 
Marquis of Huntly, Grand Master of Scotland. At one o'clock, 
the Brethren of seven Lodges assembled in the Lodge Walk ; 
the Lodge of Aberdeen and the Operative Lodge in the hall of 
the New Inn. About half-past one, the procession set out, 
the Junior Lodge first, the others in order of seniority. Op* 
posite to the Town-House, the Magistrates and Council, and 
Mr. Allardyoe, M.P. for the district, preceded by the Town- 
Sergeants with their halberts, fell into the procession immedi- 
ately before the Grand Master and his officers, and the whole 
walked down Marischal Street, along the Quay, and up to the 
hill by the new road. So numerous was the attendance of the 
Brethren that, when the first of them reached the north-east 
of the Castle- wall, the last were on the Quay between Marischal 
Street and the new road. When the first Lodge reached the 
^entry to the site of the Barracks, the whole stopped, formed 
into two lines, and the Grand Officers walked through them in 
the following order : — ^Mr. Samuel (Jordon, carrying the con- 
stitution ; Quarter-master Wilkie, carrying the Bible j the 
Rev. Mr. Ogilvie, Old Machar, Grand Chaplain; Major 
Leith, Grand Senior Warden; Colonel Hay, Grand Junior 
Warden; Major Erskine, Grand Secretary; Captain Grordon, 
Grand Treasurer-; the Most Noble the Marquis of Huntly, 
Grand Master ; Captain Mathieson and Captain Symmers, 
Gitind Stewards. 

On arriving at the Stone, the Grand Master, placing himself 
in the east and the Wardens in the west, and, having called 
up two of the architects — one belonging to the Aberdeen and 
the other to the Operative Lodge — he severally used the 
square, the plumb, the level, and the mallet. 

Then the Grand Master, the Magistrates, and Mr. Allardyce, 
gave five guineas each, which were laid on the stone, as a 
present to the workmen. 



S80 

The procession returned in the same order in which it Mt 
out, and, after walking through the North Street, Queen 
Street, and Broad Street, dissolved at the New Inn. 

On this occasion there was the greatest concourse of people 
that has ever heen known in this city. Wherever the pro- 
cession passed, all the windows, balconies, and streets were 
crowded; but, notwithstanding the vast multitude, and the 
hazardous situation on the Castle-hill and the tops of the ad- 
joining houses, to which many were led by their curiosity, the 
whole concluded without the smallest accident happening to 
to any person. 

The Qrand Master and Officers, with a numerous company, 
dined in the Masouio Hall, and the Operative Lodge in the 
New Hall. After dinner, a deputation from the Operative 
Lodge waited on the Grand Master, who condescendingly 
returned the compliment by visiting them, accompanied l^ 
his Grand Officers, and the evening was spent in that decent 
and harmonious manner which is the characteristio of 
masons. 

During the procession after the ceremony, the field-pieces on 
the Castle-hill were fired, and every vessel in the harbour 
displayed her colours. 



1795. 

CELEBRATION OP A KINO's BIRTH-DAT IN ABERDEEN IN 1795. 

On Tuesday, the anniversary of his Mi^'esty's birth-day waa 
celebrated here, with every demonstration of joy. In the morn- 
ing all the bells in the town were set a-ringing, and the flags 
displayed on the Castle-hill, the new battery, and from every 
vessel in the harbour. At one o'clock, a royal salute was fired 
by the field pieces in the parade, by the Volunteer Battery Com- 
pany ; after which the second battalion of thaBreadalbane Fen- 
cibles fired three volleys. The Aberdeen Volunteers, who were 
drawn up in Grordon's Hospital gardens, marched from thenee, 
attended by the band of the Aberdeenshire Fencible Begiment, 
to the parade, where they fired three volleys with the closeness 
and dexterity of veterans. The handsome and soldier-like ap- 
pearance of this corps of patriotic armed citizens afforded the 
highest satisfaction to an immense crowd of spectators, and did 
equal honour to themselves and the military gentlemen under 
whose tuition they have been thus formed. After the firing was 
over, the servants of the several Incorporated Trades paraded the 



281 

streets. At four o'clock, the Yolonteers partook of an elegant 
entertainment, given by the Magistrates and Conncil, in the New 
Inn. At six, the nsnal meeting in the Town-Hall was nnmerons 
and respectable. Each toast was accompanied by a volley from 
a detachment of the Breadalbane Fencibles, drawn np on the 
plainstones. The evening conolnded with the finest ^splay of 
fire-works on the Cross, which were given by the gentlemen 
volnnteers, ever exhibited here. On the top of the nnicom on 
the Cross a Royal Crown was placed, and on each side " G. R." 
The streets and windows were more than usually crowded with 
all ranks of the citizens, yet the utmost order and decorum 
prevailed. Before twelve o'clock, every one had retired, and 
the streets were left in perfect tranquility. 

1796. 

On Tuesday, the 26th January, the Rev. Dr. Wm. Lawrence 
Brown, Professor of Divinity, Marischal College, was, by his 
Majesty's presentation, admitted in the usual manner to the 
office of the Principal of the said College, vacant by the resig- 
nation of the Rev. Dr. George OampbeU. The gentleman last 
mentioned was present at the admission, and, by the cordial and 
hearty manner in which he concurred in the appointment and 
instaUation of his successor, afforded a new display of that ele- 
vated character, with which, to the distinguished benefit of the 
University and of the general interest of learning, he has held 
the office of Principal during a long period of thirty-six years. 
We understand that he retires with a very favourable mark of 
his Sovereign's approbation of his eminent merit and singpilar 
services in promoting the great causes of literature and religion. 

DEATH OF PRINCIPAL CAMPBELL. 

Died here, on the 6th April, in the seventy-seventh year of 
his age, George Campbell, D.D., F.R.S., Edinburgh, late Princi- 
pal and professor of Divinty in the Marischal College and Uni- 
versity of Aberdeen, and one of the Ministers of Aberdeen.* 

♦ The house in which Dr. Campbell lived is 40 Schoolhill. Dr. Beattie 
for some time lived in the a4Joining house, but afterwards removed to a 
house in the Upperkirkgate, which is now the Vaccine Institution, where 
he died in 1803. Archbishop Whately referring to Principal Campbell's 
Treatise on " The Philosophy of Rhetoric," writes as follows :— "It were 
most unjust to leave unnoticed Dr. Campbell's *• Philosophy of Rhetoric j" 
a work which does not enjoy indeed so high a degree of popular favour 
as Dr. Blair's but is incomparably superior to it, not only in depth of 
thought and ingenious origmal researdi, but also in practioal ntiuty to 



182 

1797, 

THE BOTAL ABBBDBXN TOLUNTBBBB. 

Last Saturday morning, there was held, in the Becord OflSoe, 
a meeting of the Boyal Aberdeen Volunteers, to hear some des* 
patches from the Duke of Portland, communicated by Mb Grace 
to the Duke of Gordon, Lord Lieutenant of the County, as well 
as communicated from General Hamilton to the Major Oom* 
mandant ; and to consider the most effectual means of disoharg- 
sng the duty they owe to the public, in case of any emergency 
which may render their services necessary. 

To the credit of this respectable corps, hardly any one who 
has been in use to attend exercise and bear arms was absent. 
They unanimously resolved to hold themselves in readiness to 
attend any call of duty which they have, by the original terms 
of their association, undertaken to perform. 

It was well observed that it was somewhat extraordinary that 
in Aberdeen, a city supposed to contain 20,000 inhabitants, so 
small a number should turn out in its defence ; but it is still 
more strange that upwards of fifty names who had originally 
subscribed the terms of the association had never taken arms, 
and had never attended a single drill — ^that several of these had 
much more slender pleas of business and want of time than 
many gentlemen who gave (much to their credit) a uniform and 
regular attendance. Among these, too, might be found many 
who, although they eat the bread of the public, showed no in- 
clination to assist in its defence ; -and, while they enjoyed the 
sweets of office, ungenerously left the task of preparation and 
duty to those who, by giving their disinterested services to the 
community, had no other object in view. Grovernment, confi- 
dent of the loyalty of the citizens of Aberdeen, had, as early as 
in the year 1769, sent 400 stand of arms, not surely to lie rust- 
ing in the store, but to be put into the hands of respectable citi- 
zens for common defence. Every burgess was boxmd by his oath 
to watch and ward ; why, then, should not this solemn tie of 
obligation be enforced P and why, while the members of the pre- 
sent meeting had given a disinterested and uniform attendance 

the Student. The title of Dr. Campbell's work has perhaps deterred 
many readers, who had concladed it to be more abstmse and tesa popular 
in its character than it really is. Amidst much, however, that is readily 
understood by any moderately intelligent reader, there is much also that 
calls for some exertion of thought, which the indolence of most readers 
reftiseB to bestow." 



288 

in dtlty for two years, should so many equally able and as, when 
there were obligations, equally binding, be ezensed ? It was, 
therefore, moved that applications be made to the Magistrates 
that gnch burgesses as had not joined the Eoyal Aberdeen Vo- 
lunteers be immediately called upon to receive arms, and qualify 
themselves to assist in discharging any public duty which the 
exigencies of the times and state of public affairs may require ; 
and that such steps be immediately taken by the officers and 
standing committee of the corps as may facilitate the junction of 
Buoh citizens as manifest a disposition to that honourable 
purpose. 

Married at Torry, on Tuesday last, James Shepherd, barber 
and field preacher, aged twenty, to Miss Nelly Auld, Nigg, aged 
seventy-seven, three feet high, and deformed to the last degree 
of distortion. Though the day was very stormy and rough, yet 
so great was the public curiosity, that not only the ferry-boat 
but the whale-boats were employed the greater part of the day 
in conveying people across the river to witness so very extraor, 
dinary nuptials. 

1801. 

Intelligence having been received here yesterday that Mr. 
Barclay of IJry had gained his famous walking match, the 
inhabitants of the New Town of Stonehaven were so overjoyed 
that a large bonfire was kindled in the middle of the Square, 
and the health of their beloved and much -respected superior 
drunk with enthusiasm. The New Town was brilliantly illumi- 
nated on the occasion, which was instantly followed by the 
whole of the Old Town, as well as most of the houses in the 
country for some miles round. 

The proposal of allowing the distillers to work after the 
beginning of January next has already Had effect in this county. 
Vast quantities of grain have been bought for exportation to 
England and the south of Scotland, and the price has risen 
from 6s. to 7s. per boll. We trust, however, that a measure, 
pregnant with so fatal consequences to the health and morals 
of the people, will be abandoned, for the present at least. 

On Saturday last, the Magistrates and Council of this city 
resolved to apply for a continuance of the prohibition against 
distilling of spirits from grain ; and a memorial and petition, 



•84 

iigned by the Provost in name of tbe Oonnoil, wm aooordingly 
0ent off to the Lords of tbe Treasury by the same post.* 

THE LATINO THB FOUNDATION-STONE OF UNION BBIDGE. 

Yesterday, the foundation-stone of Union Bridge over the 
Denbnm, in the line of the new sonth entry, was laid by John 
Dingwall, Esq. of Aido, Provost of the City, and Master of the 
Lodge of Aberdeen. 

An inunense concourse of Brethren and of the inhabitants of 
all sorts attended to witness the ceremony, which was condnoted 
in snch a manner as the importance of the event demanded. 

At one o'clock, the procession set out from Castle Street by 
Broad Street, SchooUull, and down the Denbiom Walk, in the 
following order : — ^viz., the different Lodges, according to their 
seniority ; the band of the Fif eshire Militia ; the Principals and 
I^fessors of King's and Marischal Colleges, preceded by the 
Sacrists carrying the silver maces; a great muster of the 
principal inhabitants ; the Magistrates and Council, and Trust- 
ees of the New Street ; and the Lodge of Aberdeen. 

When the procession arrived at the spot, the several Lodg^es 
opened up to the right and left, allowing the Magistrates and 



* The following is a copy of the Petition t— 

Unto ike BifflU HonowrahU the Lordi Oommiuionert qfJUi Mqfalf* 
Treasury, the Memorial and Petition of the JProvott, JUagimrmet, 
and Council qfthe City qf Aberdeen; 

HuiCBLY Shbwbth, — That the Memorialists have lately been informed 
that it is the intention of Groyemment again to permit the distillation of 
spirits from grain ; they cannot help representing that sudi a measure, 
if adopted, will, they apprehend, not only be subtended with the most 
injurious consequences to the mercantile and manufacturing interests of 
this part of the United Kingdom, but will also have an immediate tend- 
ency to raise the price of grain above a fixed and moderate level, and 
likewise have the worst influence on the health and morals of the lower 
classes of the people, a great part of whom have, by the high prioe of 
spirits, been entirely weazied from the pernicious habitof drinkincr them. 

That the Memorialists, deeply Impressed with that considocation, as 
well as with a sense of liiat duty they owe to their constituents, have 
been induced to prefer this Petition to your Lordships, praying that the 
prohibition against distlUlng spirits firom any kind of com or grain may 
still be continued, which they are satisfied will be att^ided with the 
most beneficial consequences, in promoting the interest and advantage of 
all ranks of the community, and of this pfurt of the country in partiouar. 

Signed in name, in presence, and by appointment of the said 
Magistrates and City Council, assembled at Aberdeen, the 
14th day of November, in the year 1801. 

(Signed) Jx, Hadmit, Provoety 



ijio icberdeen Lodge to pass tbroagh to the site of the stendi 
and then formed a laxge circle — ^the whole being gnarded by 
the corps of the Boyal Aberdeen Light Infantry Volunteers, 
under the oommand of Lieut.-Golonel Dauney. 

The vials, brass-plate, with the inscription and names of the 
present Trustees, were handed to the Depnte-Master (Mr. 
G«7in Hadden) who placed them in the cavity of the stone 
prepared for the pnrpose. 

Then Mr. Alex. Carnegie, Secretary and Clerk to the Trustees, 
spoke as follows : — My Lord Provost and gentlemen, having 
bad the honour of being employed in conducting this great and 
important undertaking from its earliest beginning to the present 
hour, I cannot help now expressing the additional honour I feel 
oonf eixed up<m me in obeying the commands of my constituents 
by reading in the presence of this numerous and respectable 
meeting a copy of the inscription now deposited in the founda- 
tion-stone, for the purpose or transmitting to the latest post- 
erity the remarkable and important transaction of this day — 

" In the 41st year of the reign of our Most Gracious Sove- 
reign George the Third, on the 7th day of July, in the year of 
our Lord 1801, and by the era of masonry, 5801, the Foxmda- 
tion-Stone of this Bridge (forming the first part of two streets 
now opening to the centre of the City of Aberdeen — that from 
the south to have the name Union, the other from the north. 
King Street) was laid by John Dingwall, Esq. of Ardo, Lord 
Provost of Aberdeen, and Master of St. John's Lodge of Free- 
masons in that city. Mr. Charles Abercrombie, Engineer ; Mr. 
Barid Hamilton, Architect. 

"May ike undertaking prosper by the blessing of Al« 
mighty God. 

" This great and useful work was begun under the auspices, 
forwarded by the zeal, and brought to maturity by the unre- 
mitting perseverance of Thomas Leys, Esq. of Glasgoforesti 
late Provost of the same city." 

The Bev. Dr. GK)rdon, Chaplain to the Lodge,^ delivered a 
most appropriate prayer upon the stone being laid in its bed. 
The Master applied the square, level, and plumb, and, having 
given three knocks with the maUet, the Brethren, as well as 
the surrounding multitude, gave three hearty cheers, the band 
at the same time playing " Grod Save the King,'* followed by 
a royal salute from the field-pieces attached to the Boyal 
Aberdeen Light Infantry Volunteers. 

Mr. Allardyce afterwards said — " My Lord Provost, having 
the honour to be a citizen and a Bepresentative in Parliament 
of the City of Aberdeen, I take the liberty of congratulating 



i8i 

yotir Lordship on tlie oommencement of this great yfroA^ 
Aberdeen has been long one of the most considerable of the 
towns of Scotland for arts, sciences, trade, manufactures, and 
conmierce. It will now soon become one of the most beautiful 
and elegant towns in the kingdom. It is to the pnblio spirit 
and zeal of your worthy predecessor in office. Provost Leys, 
and of yourself and coUeagues, that the community are in- 
debted for haying given form and substance to this grand 
improvement, the promoters of which, with that consideration 
which has marked every part of their conduct, have bestowed 
their attention in giving appropriate names to the new streets. 
To commemorate an era of a long wished for event, which 
fortunately took place the first day of this year and century — 
the union of Great Britain and Ireland — ^the magnificent 
approach to the city by the south is to be distinguished by the 
name of Union Street. With that loyalty and love for the 
Constitution which have ever characterised Aberdeen men, 
and as a testimony of their happiness under a Government 
regulated by a King, Lords, and Commons, the great entry 
from the north is dedicated to the highest branch of that 
Constitution, and decorated with the name of King Street. 
May the inhabitants of Aberdeen long enjoy, with Grod's 
blessing, the comfort and convenience which this great addi- 
tion to their present accommodation will so amply afford. 

To which Provost Dingwall answered — " Mr. Allardyce, I beg 
leave, for myself, and in name of my colleagues, to return yoa 
our best thanks for the polite and obliging notice yon have 
been pleased to take on the present occasion of any service we 
may have had it in our power to render to this city and com- 
munity, by bringing to maturity the great and useful improve- 
ment of which we have this day had the happiness to lay the 
foundation ; and we trust that it will greatly tend to promote 
the convenience and ornament of the city itself, as well as the 
accommodation of all its inhabitants and the public at large. 
I have only to add that it affords me the greatest pleasure to 
have the opportunity of offering to you the thanks of myself 
and colleagues, as well as of the whole community, for your 
able and zealous attention to every matter in Parliament 
wherein this city has been anywise concerned, particularly in 
forwarding and obtaining the Act by which this great and 
useful undertaking has been sanctioned by the Legislature. 
Before concluding, I cannot omit this opportunity of joining 
you (as I am sure all present will) in the just eulogium you 
have bestowed upon the exertions of my worthy predecessoTi 
Mr. Leys, who bias by his perseverance and zeal contributed 



28t 

do essentially to bring this work to its present advanced 
state." 

When the ceremony was concluded, the procession returned 
back in the same order, and dropped in Castle Street. 

It is remarkable that it rained heavily all the morning, and 
cleared np entirely during the time of the procession and cere- 
mony. But immediately after they had returned, the rain 
began with greater violence, and lasted all the evening Is not 
this an auspicious omen P — Abridged, 

1802. 

BIOT BBTWSBN THE BOSS AND CBOMABTT BAN0EB8 AND THE 

CITIZENS OP ABEBDEEN. 

Friday last, the anniversary of his Majesty's birthday, was 
observed with the usual marks of joy. At twelve, three vol- 
leys were fired by the Ross and Cromarty Bangers in the 
barrack-yard, and the young men of the diflferent incorpora- 
tions made a procession through the town with their colours 
and the insignia of their different trades, and made a very 
showy appearance. At six o'clock, the Magistrates and prin- 
cipal inhabitants assembled in the Town-Hall, where the usual 
healths and other appropriate toasts were dnmk, followed by 
repeated volleys of musketry by a detachment of the military 
drawn up on the Flaiustones. , Thus far the day was spent 
with that festivity which has long distinguished the inhabit- 
ants of this loyal city. But it now becomes our painful duty 
to relate the melancholy events of the evening, which led to 
consequences that we can never sufficiently deplore. An un- 
fortunate aff^y took place between the boys in the street 
and some of the officers and privates of the Boss and Cromarty 
Bangers then on guard in Castle Street, who, being joined by 
the rest of the corps from the barracks, ran upon the people in 
the street with their arms in their hands, and began firing upon 
them with ball indiscriminately and in every direction, and 
some were even seen taking a deliberate aim at individuals. 
Many of the bullets went through windows and doors in the 
West end of Castle Street, and in the head of the Shiprow and 
Karrow Wynd, and others were found at a greater distance 
through the town. As far as we can learn, the following are 
the fatal consequences that ensued : — One man, a native of this 
place, and a private in the Bifie corps recruiting here, who was 
standing at a corner of the FlaiuBtones, was shot through the 



head, and instantly died on the spot. Thomas Milnd, a wmon * 
John. Moir, a yoimg boy, and only son of a widow ; and William 
Gibb, apprentice to a barber — ^were all mortally wounded, and 
died next day ; and ten more persons, as near as we oan. 
learn, were variously wounded. 

Upon being informed of the unhappy afiEair, the Frovost and 
Magistrates, with becoming spirit, instantly interfered* and 
the whole corps were ordered into barracks. A sufficient 
guard of armed citizens was immediately mounted to prevent 
all communication with the regiment, which, in the irritated 
state of the public mind, might have led to farther fatal con- 
sequences. An investigation into this lamentable af&ir was 
instantly set on foot by the Magistrates, and is now going on. 
But of the mass of evidence brought forward it would be 
highly improper of us to take particular notice. Several of 
the officers, also four sergeants and one private, are in custody 
to abide the result of the examination. 

On Saturday, at twelve o'clock, an express was sent off to 
Edinburgh to the Commander-in-Chief. The person who car- 
ried it, with an alacrity which did him much credit, returned 
again by three o'clock on Monday morning with the necessary 
orders ; and, yesterday morning, about one o'clock, the regi- 
ment marched out of town in dead silence, and without beat of 
drum, by the way of the Broad-hill and Old Town Links, on 
their route northward. At the Bridge of Don they formed 
into two divisions — one of which took the road to Ol^neldnun, 
and the other the road to Ellon.* 



* in the dty where this outrage took place, the public indignation ' 
tmboimded. The relations of three of the deceased — John ^bb, Daniel 
Boss, and Widow Moir— made an appeal to the public for aid in bringing 
to trial the men believed to have been guilty of the bloodshed — a nghft 
which the law of Scotland allows to private parties when the Pablic Pro- 
secutor fails to bring forward a cnminal charge. An address was put 
forward by others who sympathized with the relatives, and a puDlic 
subscription was opened. It was agreed that the prosecution should be 
raised at the instance of Daniel Boss, wood-sawyer, for the murder of 
his son, John Boss, the rifleman. The Counsel engaged were Messrs. 
John Clerk (Ekfberwards Lord Eldin), John Burnett, Adam Gillies (after- 
wards liord Gillies), and William Bae. A warrant for re-oonunitting the 
prisoners was procured, in consequence of which three of the sergMnta 
and the private were apprehended, and imprisoned in Edinburgh ; but 
Ensign Lonigan, who had gone to Ireland, could not be found; and 
Captain Macdonogh, who lived in Edinburgh, secreted himself, and in 
that situation was able to procure bail. In the meantime, TjynigFi yi xe^ 
tamed to Edinburgh, and was served with his indictment, but continued 
at large till the day of trial, when, on the advice, as was believed, of his 
Counsel (the Hon. Henry Erskine), he left the country, and was out- 
lawed. This circumstance, taken in connection with others, led many to 
believe that a trial would have brought home a large share of the em% to 



1808. 

We are happy to find the spirit of the country is np, and all 
ranks ready to come forward with energy and force in de- 
fence of the nation. Amongst other instances of the general 
display of loyalty on this occasion, we have to mention that 
the seafaring men of the fishing towns of Bnckie and Collie- 
ston have come forward to the number of 136 in offering their 
services, with a degree of promptitude and zeal which does 
them great credit. 

We hear that the heritors, tenants, and crofters of Men- 
quhitter Parish (about twelve of the lower orders excepted) 
assembled, on the 19th, in Monqnhitter Church. They unani- 
mously expressed the utmost ardour to arm in defence of their 
country, and no less than 108 stout young men enrolled them- 
selves to serve as volunteers. What a pity if the present 
military spirit shall be permitted to evaporate for want of 
arms ! The use of all the horses and carts in the parish was 
cheerfully offered to forward the plans of government. 

We learn from Huntly that, in less than forty-eight hours 
after notice was given to the inhabitants of the town and lord- 
ship of Huntly, 500 of the finest young fellows in the country 

Lanigan ; but no questions, in reference to his conduct, were allowed to 
be put in Gomt. 

The tinal came on before the High Court of Justiciary, on Thursday the 
6th of January, 1803, when Colonel George Mackenzie, Captain Felix 
Bryan Macdonogh, and Sergeants Andrew Mackay and Alex. Suther- 
land, were placed at the bar, charged with the murder of John Boss. 
They all pleaded Not Guilty. Their Counsel were the Hon. Henry 
ErsMne, Messrs. James Montgomery, Bobert Hamilton, James Gkxrdon, 
David Mounypeuny, Henry D. Inglis, and Francis Homer. Specdal 
written defences for each of the panels were read to the Court. Mr. 
Homer, in a preliminary speech, explained the nature of the line of de- 
fence which was to be taken up, and remarks on his address were made 
by Mr. Bae and Mr. Burnett on the other side. The Court adjourned, 
and met again on Friday, when their Lordshq)s, after some observations 
on the nature of the case, sustained the relevancy of the indictment, and 
evidence was then called for the prosecution. A great number of wit- 
nesses, many of them persons in me most respectable rank in the city, 
were examined ; the hearing of the evidence having been adjourned till 
Saturday. Exculpatory evidence was also heard at great length. The 
Jury were addressed by Mr. Clerk for the prosecution in a speech of two 
hours and a half long, and the Hon, Henry Erskine repUed for the 
prisoners. Lord Craig, as presiding Judge, summed up the evidence. 

On Monday, the Court met again, when the Jury returned a unanimous 
verdict, finding Colonel Mackenzie and Captain Macdonogh Not Guilty, 
and the libel Not Proven against Sergeants Mackay and Sutherland, 
The Court accordingly pronounced an interlocutor, assoilzing the pri- 
soners, and dismissing them from the bar.— .S^ik Kalendar qfAberdeeiu 

U 



290 

came forward and enrolled themselves io serve in defence of 
their comitry. 

Mr. William Grordon, of the New Inn, has made a voluntary 
offer to GK)yemment of his personal services with thirty-seven 
horses, all his carriages of every description, and postboys, in 
case of an invasion. 

Mr. William Campbell has made offer of twenty saddle and 
carriage horses, with his carriages, for the service of Govern- 
ment in case of an invasion. 

On Tuesday se'ennight, Mr. Adams, of the Hotel, made the 
patriotic offer of all his horses, carriages, and servants, and 
his own personal service in case of an invasion. 

DEATH OF DB. BBATTIE. 

Died here, on the 18th August, in the sixty-eighth year of 
his age, James Beattie, LL.D., Professor of Moral Philosophy 
and Logic in Marischal College, well known in the literary 
world for his pious and elegant writings. 

1806. 

We are happy to learn that, on Saturday last, 5th Febmary, 
a stance of 40 feet in front, on the south side of Union Street 
of this city, was purchased, by public roup, at an yearly feu- 
duty of £1 lis. 8d. per foot of front. This is the first stance 
in the street which has been offered to feu ; and, immediately 
after the roup, 74 feet more next adjoining were purchased i^ 
the same rate of feu-duty. 



i 



HONOBAEY BURGESSES OP ABERDEEN. 

The following are a few of the more distinguished names that 
appear on the roll : — 

1709.— The Rev. Dr. Calamy. 
1741. — ^The Rev. George Whitefield. 
1746. — The Duke op Cumbeeland. 
1761. — Principal Campbell. 
1766.— Dr. Beattie. 
1773.— Dr. JoHifsoir. 



291 

l78l. — GsosoE OoLMAN, the Tounget. 

1790. — ^Rev. John Skinnee, the Poet. 

1794. — ^Professor John Huntee, of St. Andrews. 

1794. — ^Professor John Young, of Glasgow. 

1795. — Sir John Sinclaie. 

1796. — Mr. (afterwards Sir) Waltee Scott. 

1796. — ^Mr. John Bennie, the celebrated Engineer. 

1799. — Sir Balph Abeeceombie. 

1800. — The Duke op Monteose. 

1800. — ^The Eael op Abeedeen. 

1806.— Sir David Baied. 

1817. — Dr. Olinthus Geegoey. 

1817. — ^M. Jean Baptiste Biot. 

1817. — Sir James M'Geegoe. 

1832. — ^Dr. John Abeeceombie, Edinburgh. 

1834. — Lord Beougham. 

1840. — ^The Duke op Suthbeland. 

1841. — Geoege Wallace, Esq. of Kellj. 

1844. — Rowland Hill, Esq. 

1848. — H. B. H. the Peince Consoet. 

1849. — Sir Robeet Peel. 

1851. — Sir James Geaham. 

1853. — ^The Eael op Oaelisle. 

1854. — Joseph Hume, Esq., M.P. 

1858. — The Eael op Stanhope. 

1859. — ^The Eael op Aielie. 

1869.— The Bight Hon. Eael Bussell. 



"THE VISITATION." 

Time has been when this heading mnst have suggested to 
many a reader feelings which he may now perhaps have some 
difficulty in re-awakening. Men long accustomed to the 
world, in its most worldly sense, may be somewhat apt to for- 
get that the rising race have a world of their own, too, and 
just as rife with enterprise, anxiety, and care, in its own way, 
as that in which your reverend signiors fret their hour. 

With all the youthful disciples of our Public Schools, 
Wednesday fortnight was a very great day indeed. More 
especially used this to be the case with the Grammar School 
at the period to which our reminiscences extend, but of which 
the distance we care not much to confess — a silence in which a 
remnant of con-disciples, will mayhap approvingly acquiesce. 
Be this as it may, in our day the Visitation of the Grammar 



292 

ScKool was an ocoaaion marked by a solemnity bordering oti 
the awful. Its advent was looked forward to with mach 
anxious forecast of its eventualities for at least three months 
previous to its actual arrival. As it approached, the anxiety 
felt by youthful aspirants to scholastic distinction increased to 
rather painful intensity. In the two junior classes, what keen 
competition to secure a seat within the honoured bounds of 
the first four " factions," before the plaoes were stopped — 
when fixed was the fate of all ! In the higher classes, what 
hoarding of "phrases!" what ooUatioa of ** idioms!'* what 
rivalship in (&ily " trial versions ! " The day before the 
Visitation was a half -holiday — but most falsely so caUed, for 
its afternoon was one of painful preparadon, and no trifling 
perturbation of spirit. No use now to count the hours to the 
groat day — it came with to-morrow's sun ! In vain the en- 
deavour to beguile the moments of aching suspense by the 
ruling of version paper, the mending of pens, and the revisal 
of neglected lessons. All this brushing up of arms only 
served to keep up the anxiety connected with the approaching 
contest. Then there was such rigorous ablution of the person 
— that of Saturday was nothing to it ! No wonder ; had we 
not to pass muster before " authcHrities " — civic, clerical, and 
academic ? At length the appointed hour o€ meeting oh Wed- 
nesday approached. How many smartly arrayed, rosy little 
fellows did that morning beh(^, trudging rather p^isively 
from all quarters towards the Schoolhill, bending under load 
unwonted of dictionaries, and grammars, and phrase books, 
that nothing might be wanting in such munitions of scholastio 
war. Manifold their conjecturing as to " the version;" serious 
the speculation as to the chances of individual failure or 
success. Some, with a modesty which became their idleness 
as much as their youth, would declare that they did not expect 
** a book." Others, whose experience had sought consola^on 
under disappointment by reference to cases of neglected desert, 
ventured an opinion that they ought to get prizes ; but they 
had their doubts about getting fair play. They had no friends 
— ^not they — in the Council. But the actual hour of meeting 
disperses the little groups of such speculators ; each takes his 
seat in the " Public School ; " the catalogue is called amid 
silence as universal as unwonted, and all is tip -toe expeotatioti 
for the arrival of the Visitors. The whole school has under- 
gone a lustration which carries something solemn with it, from 
its very rarity. The floors have actually been dusted over with 
clean sand, which gives additional impressiveness to the 
authoritative tread of the " Masters/' as they pace to and fvo. 



m 

And is not thd Sector arrayed in bis gown so grand P— just 
like a Professor — an indication of pomp and circmnstance to be 
Been on such occasions only — a demonstration which impresses 
the " eeliegytes " with ideas of the dignity of ** the seminary*' 
which have ne'er before entered their little cranioms, although, 
with the upper classes, it is rather the butt of daring witti- 
cism ! But bold, indeed, are they who would hazard eyen a 
suppressed titter, whatever the provocation, at such a crisis ; 
for the hour is come, and the men ! It is heralded by the 
measured tread of the Town Sergeants, glimpses of whose red 
coats are caught through the wfiidows, like flashes of light- 
ning ! What solenm courtesy in the greetings between Masters 
and Visitors — the former positively appearing bareheaded, 
which shows us, boys, that there (tre greater men in the world 
even than they, albeit that may avail us nought in sub-f erulary 
hour ! The " dask " is completely filled with Visitors, the 
Provost presiding, but precentor-wise to the " knock ! " The 
*' dask " assumes in our eves new importance — miratur novos 
fronde* — ^and looks as though it were intended for better 
things than " burrie," and all sorts of mad-cap pranks. Then 
the Rector delivers a speech — a Latin one ! It sounds like a 
trial version. The great ''version" is then given out. It is 
something about the Bomans, or the Greeks, or the Cartha- 
ginians ; Epaminondas, Tumus, king of the Butuli, or at least 
Hamilcar — all familiar acquaintances of ours. Perhaps it is a 
plaguy passage from modem history — a thing by no means 
agreeable to our classical tastes ; or it may smack somewhat 
of the marvellously philosophical, beginning with, "A cer- 
tain author relates," followed by the quaUfication, "but I 
know not whether it be true," which is merely a trap for 
young grammarians ; for it is of no earthly consequence 
whether the relation be true or not. Ah ! the careful pen- 
scraping, distinctly audible in the hush of that awful hour ! 
Is it not the commencement of a struggle on which is hung 
the chance, not of a "book" merely, but, tentatively, of a 
" buss P" The dictation ended, the competitors are left to their 
fate. Unassisted, they must fight it out. Some get through 
the business rather rapidly. On the painful labours of others, 
the shadows of that shortish day rather ominously fall — and 
the latest at length leave the school, and — cetera divia. Each 
has done his best, and a Person could do no more. 

In our day, the prize-books were given on the night of the 
day on which they were won. During the whole evening, the 
SchoolhiU was in an uproar. It swarmed with groups of 
scholars comparing notea about their versionB. Here and 



294 

iherd miglit be seen a "ooUeginer" laying down tlie law 
grammatical to a buroch of eager, inquiring juniors ; squibs 
and crackers flew about in all directions ; bells and loiockers 
were compelled to vigorous exercise of their calling ; shutters 
were exposed to wanton assault and battery. Old folks won- 
dered what things would come to ; that finishers of the law 
would have more work, was quite clear ! The row at length 
was extinguished on the appearance, about ten o'clock, of the 
municipal authorities in darkling procession, guided by the 
leading lights of the sergeants, *' two and two abreast " (al- 
though not " trumpeters ! "), each bearing a lantern radiant 
with a couple of candles. Again, is the "dask" crowded 
with the honourable, the reverend, the learned. The well- 
p6wdered head of the Town-Clerk towers amid the full blaze 
of " fours in the pound ! " He unrolls the scroll of fate. The 
names of the successful competitors are announoed by him 
rather with the voice of one in authority than of a mere clerk. 
Each fortunate rogue bustles up in front, and receives (with a 
rax J from the Provost's own hand the much prized book — ^the 
honour acknowledged by a bow, bespeaking more gratefulness 
than gracefulness. Many, of course, are disappointed, but 
they soon forget their sorrow in the pastimes of the holiday 
week. So much of sketchy reminiscence of " auld langsyne." 
Who is insensible to the feelings which such retrospection 
suggests ? — 

Be it a weakness, it deserves some praise, 

We love the play place of our early days ; 

The scene is touching, and the heart is stone 

That feels not at that sight, and feels at none. 

The wall on which we tried our graving skill — 

The very name we carved subsisting still ; 

The bench on which we sat, while deep employed. 

Though mangled, hacked, and hewed, yet not destroyed — 

The little ones, unbuttoned, glowing Ixot, 

Playing our games, and on l^e very spot. 

As happy as we once. 

The pleasing spectacle at once excites 

Such recollection of our own delights, 

That, viewing it, we seem almost to obtain 

Our innocent, sweet, simple years again. 

This fond attachment to the well-known place. 

Whence first we started into life's long race, 

Mamtains its hold with such unfailing sway. 

We feel it e'en in age and at our latest day.^ 

— Written hy Mr, Bamtoj/,* 

* Mr. Ramsay was Editor of the Aberdeen Jounud for about 14 years,aad 
died in 1870. A very interesting selection from his manuscnpta, con- 
taining articles of local as well as general interest, has just been 
publiahed by his literary executor, Mr. Alexander Walker. 



M 



Th$ foUounng gfwpUo Sketches of a Sobooiuistrsss and of a 
BooK8ELXiER*s ESTABLISHMENT, loth offhe Olden Time J are 
tajeen from an interesting Volume^ published upwards of 
Thirti/ years ago^ entitled "Aberdeen Worthies^ htf William 
JBawnerman** 

In a very old honse, next to that so long known as a pnblic« 
house, situated in the close in Oastle Street, known by the 
name of Stronach's Close, some fifty years ago, in an apart- 
ment up a stone-stair, entering immediately from the close, 
sat enthroned old Miss Bessy Gray, schoolmistress. 

When I first made my appearance in Miss Bessy's school- 
room, I was so young as to be carried there — not that I could 
possibly learn anything, but that I might be in safe keeping. 
I can just recollect seeing the good old lady sitting in her 
elbow-chair, "with spectacles on nose," hearing her little 
scholars read their lessons. At this time she had an assistant 
— her niece and successor — ^the well-known Miss Bell Gray, 
who afterwards kept her school in a parlour in a house in 
Marischal Street, on the right-hand side near the top, and 
who, were she now living, would have the pleasure of seeing 
some of her scholars of that period ranl^g among the most 
respectable inhabitants of Aberdeen. 

Miss Bell, in her most blooming days, had not been of a very 
captivating exterior. She was a woman about the middle size, 
rather thick built, a very full circumference of face, consider- 
ably pitted with the small-pox ; her nostrils distended natur- 
ally, or from the practice of taking snuff; her black, round 
paper snuff-box, along with her tawSy always upon her lap ; and 
her grey piercing eyes gave a stem severity to the general 
expression of her otherwise very ordinary features. Her whole 
appearance was indeed well calculated to preserve decorum, 
and inspire a degree of awe in her little subjects. Miss Bell 
always bore a respectable character, and had as scholars all 
the younger branches of the families of the upper and mid- 
dling ranks in that quarter of the town.* Her school-room 
was her only apartment ; her bed (an old-fashioned bedstead) 
stood along by the back of the door ; her chest of drawers, in 
the centre of the back of the room opposite the windows in front, 
flanked by a chair or two at each end ; and she herself sat en- 

* The late Sir Alexander Bamierman, Governor of Newfoundland, was 
one of her scholars. 



296 

tbroned beside the fire-place, at the npper end of the room, in 
an arm-chair, with a table before, in all the ideal conse- 
quence of an Eastern monarch ; — her little subjects sitting 
indiscriminately on little stools in the area left in the middle 
of the room. Whether it proceeded from a want of taste or 
otherwise in Miss Bell, I cannot say, but there was neither 
sampler^ print, nor ornament of any kind, hnng against the 
wall to relieve the primitive plainness of the plasterer* s finish ; 
one article alone — bnt that an indispensable one — ^the nsuaJ 
nine by twelve inches Butch looking-glass, so common at this 
period, graced the wall immediately above her drawers, to 
assist Miss Bell in the general arrangement of her toilet. A 
linnet in a cage was her only companion, and held a most im- 
portant station in Miss Bell's establishment. Like other birds 
we have known, little Dickie had a knowledge of events past, 
present, and to come, and often saved Miss Bell a world of 
trouble in bringing to light high crimes and misdemeanours 
committed within her jurisdiction. Miss Bell was somewhat 
particular as to the manners of her scholars ; for, on. entering 
or leaving the school-room, we made our bow or courtesy, with 
" Your servant, ma*am." She must not, however, have been 
very particular as to our action suiting the word in this case ; 
for the bows were only a sudden jerk or bob of the head for- 
ward, reaching to about an angle of twelve degrees from the per- 
pendicular, and the gracefulness of the young ladies' courtesies 
was in perfect keeping with the bows of the young gen- 
tlemen. 

Miss Bell, as was usual with all the profession at this i>eriod, 
kept her Candlemas in the following manner. On this grand 
occasion. Miss Bell appeared dressed in all her best : her dress 
possessing all that stifihess which stays and starch could g^ve 
it, which had long been the fashion prior to this period, and 
was stiU partially retained by elderly ladies on high occasions. 
About ten o'clock, her little friends began to make their 
appearance, rigged out in their Sunday clothes, and, on en- 
tering the school-room, made their usual obeisance, walked up 
to Miss and presented their gift to her, and took their seats. 
When she thought that they had all made their appearance. 
Miss Bell proceeded to distribute her gifts in return. She 
first, with all becoming dignity, presented every scholar with 
an orange, and then gave a small paper parcel containing con- 
fections of several kinds. After allowing us some little time 
to nibble a little at the good things she had given us, she began 
to prepare for the grand solemnity. 

And now had arrived the great and important mcmmiti big 



897 

with the fate of coronets and orownB. With what anxiety did 
the little embryo kings, queens, princes, and princesses eye 
Miss Bell, as she took from her drawers the portentous em- 
blems of their future greatness! The crown of Miss Bell, 
which had lain flat in her drawers from that day twelvemonth, 
was made of pasteboard of the usual shape, and had a sufficiency 
of jewels and gold-leaf on it to give it the necessary imposing 
effect in the eyes of those whom she delighted to honour. 
Having turned it over and over, both to add to her own conse- 
quence, as well as to get the comers into proper shape, she 
then, with all the gravity of an Archbishop of Canterbury, 
proceeded to confer her high honours on her little subjects. 
She first proceeded to invest with royalty those whose precious 
gifts had entitled them to this honour, by encircling their 
brows with her pasteboard crown individually, and pronouncing, 
with an audible voioe, these mighty and ambition-stirring 
words — " I crown you King William ! " "I crown you Queen 
Elizabeth ! " &o., and so on till she made the requisite number 
of kings and queens. She then descended to create her 
princes and princesses of the blood royal ; in the same man- 
ner made a few dukes and duchesses, to keep their majes- 
ties and the royal family in decent company ; and wound up 
the ceremony by not leaving a single c(»nmoner in her whole 
dominion. 

The little urchin who is sitting for her picture, with her 
grandmother's cap on, in Sir Joshua Beynolds' picture of 
*' The Infant School of Painters," has just the look that each 
put on as Miss Bell, with the magical assistance of her paste- 
board crown, conferred upon us the greatest of all honours. 
The august ceremony being concluded, the emblem of royalty 
was again, with all becoming solenmity, carefully deposited 
in Miss Bell's drawers. We were then dismissed from the 
Presence, and conmianded to make our appearance again in 
the evening, at six o'clock, to finish this important day, by 
footing it away on " the light fantastic toe." 

A chair placed on Miss Bell's bed formed the orchestra, 
which was usually filled by the well-known Benjie Anderson, 
fiddler. This position enabled Benjie to have plenty of elbow- 
room, and also placed him out of the way of the merry little 
dancers, who kept bobbing about altogether till about eight 
o'clock, when they were sent home to make way for the elder 
branches of the families and particular neighbours to enjoy 
themselves, and the merry dance was kept up until the 
maiden etiquette of Miss Bell's school rendered it necessary 
to close the hilarity of the Candlemas evening holiday, by 



Benjie playingi In liis best stylei the well^knomi mnsioa! 
adieu — 

" Quid nicht and joy be wi* you a*." 

Miss Bell had a particular manner of management in days 
of public executions, which, at the period I refer to, were 
rather frequent. Her motives were either that our young 
feelings might not haye a chance of being hurt by seeing anj- 
thing of the kind, or to prevent any accident in returning in 
the afternoon from getting in the crowd. However, we were 
kept in school all day, from ten o'clock in the morning till five 
in the afternoon. I cannot recollect how the victualling 
department was conducted, but no doubt we were all comfort* 
ably provided for. 

If the worthy schoolmistress had lived at the present day, 
when the " schoolmaster is abroad," she would probably have 
belonged to what is called the Conservative party. At the 
time of the French Bevolution, she often expressed her fears 
of the dreadful consequences that might arise from the spread 
of French principles, and she never attempted to conceal her 
apprehension of French invasion. On some occasions, when 
her scholars had collected, she felt herself so much overcome 
with her fears that she was unable to proceed with her duties. 
Miss Bell, therefore, dismissed the school, after addressing 
her scholars in nearly the following terms : — ''Go home every 
one of you, and tell your parents to look after you, for that is 
more than I can longer promise to do. These are awful times : 
the country is cursed with Deists and evil men, who wish to 
set themselves up against lawful authority. — (Davie ! what 
do you mean by picking a hole in the chair cover.) — Tell your 
fathers and mothers to see if they can get some places in the 
country to send you to, that you may be out of harm's viray. 
The iVench will be over, and there will be such soenes of 
burning and plundering, as the like was never before seen or 
heard tell of. T wouldna wonder if the ' Tree of Liberty' were 
planted at the Cross before twelve o'clock the mom. Go all 
your ways home, and Qod bless you, for I can teach you nae 
lessons the nicht." 

Miss Bell continued keeping her school for many years with 
respectability ; but, I think, she had given it up some time 
before her death. She was enabled to close her useful career 
comfortably, in the most honourable of all ways, from the 
savings of the fruits of her industry. 



280 



HBS. THOMSON AND VAMILT. 

Who among ua that can nnmber fifty or sixty Bummera 
having gone over their heads, and who have been bom and 
brought up in Aberdeen, but recollects a small bookseller and 
stationer's shop, situated at the top of the then Narrow Wynd 
(now forming the line of Union Street), opposite the Plain- 
stones P This little shop had nothing of the decorative style 
in its exterior either to recommend or attract notice. Non® o* 
your large windows, either straight or circular, were though* 
necessary in those days to carry on the business of this lit^^e 
shop ; yet, notwithstanding the unassuming appearance of i^^ 
exterior, I will venture to affirm that, among all the bookseller^ 
shops in Aberdeen, there was not one among the number so uni- 
versally known to the youngsters there, either high or low, ric^ 
or poor, as was the UUle shopie aside the Plainstanes. Who, also 
among the said class, but recollects the smart, active, cheerful 
little lady, who generally was to be found behind the counter in 
the said shop, as the acting manager of that department — Miss 
Christian Thomson. When I first knew this worthy family — 
and that was as soon as I could (by myseH) toddle across from 
the one side of Huxter Bow to the other, "Mib, Thomson's 
f amily-door being in that street — ^it consisted of Mrs. Thomson, 
her son James, and MLsses Christian and Agnes, her daughters. 
This little shop should have been designated by some of these 
or such like sounding names, which establishments of this sort 
adopt at the present day, as " The JRayal Juvenile Depdt and 
Lihrartf" " The Victoria Emporium for Children's Cheap 
Books" Ac. ; for it was here where every youngster hurried 
to procure the favourite work which he long wished to have in 
his own possession. The shop had but one window — and that 
certainly for a shop was very small — and it was almost always 
literally covered from head to foot with the favourite school- 
boy authors of the day. Occasionally the lower panes with 
these well-known coarse, yet attractive, prints of their day — 
such as " The Farm Yard on Fire," " The Mad Bull," " Hay- 
making," " Harvest Home," Ac. " price Twopence coloured : 
One Penny plain. Printed and Sold by Carrington & Bowles, 45, 
St. Paul's Churchyard." The prints of theie homely subjects 
were, I have understood, to be found all over Europe, and, 
from the profits arising from their extensive sale, the children 
of the firm now live independent. 

When these prints were not in the window, their place was 



800 

occnpied by those eiteexned works, "The History of King 
Pippin," " The Death of Cock Bobin,'* Ac. ; " vnlh cut* and 
hound in ffilt, price one penny" And above these were the 
larger volumes of " The History of Lothian Tom," " Wise 
Willie and Witty Eppie/' " The Sayings, and Doings, and 
Witty Jests of George Buchanan," " Sir William Wallaoe." 
And in the poetical department were to be found " Chevy 
Chase," " The Cherry and the Slae," " Sir James the Boee," 
<< The Dominie Deposed," '' Ajaz's Speech to the Grecifta 
Knabs," &c. 

When we went to the shop to make a purchase (the money 
being in our hand), we stepped boldly in. " Weel, my laddie," 
said Miss Kirsty, " fat is't you want ? " " 0, 1 want ' Lothian 
Tom, ' " or any other, as the case might be. " Is it in the win- 
dow P "was the quiet reply. "O, ay; it's up there." "Just gang 
out then ; chap wi' your finger on the window anent it, and 
I'll tak' it down to ye." The ceremony was readily and soon 
performed, and the long-wished-for work delivered into our 
hand by Miss Kirsty. 

It may be easily supposed that it was not every trifling 
occurrence on the street that prevented us from hurrying home 
to run over the contents of our.newly .acquired addition to our 
library. Hiss Christian Thomson seemed as if nature intended 
her to have filled this or a similar situation in life. She was 
possessed of a strong masculine mind, which she had improved 
by much reading. She was allowed, by those gentlemen who 
professionally frequented the shop, to be no tr^ling adversary 
in a debate on most general subjects of the day. Miss Kirsty 
had, unfortunately, in her younger days received an injury in 
the spine, and the usual consequences followed as to her per- 
sonal appearance ; but her r^idy wit, her smart repartee. 
joined to her general information, were far more than enough 
to counterbalance her want of personal attractions, and she 
passed through life sincerely esteemed and respected by all 
who enjoyed the pleasure of her acquaintance. 

While the stationery department was thus managed by Misa 
Kirsty, that of the binding was superintended by her brother. 
The binding shop was but a small apartment, with one window 
overlooking the Council Chamber door; yet, smaU as this 
apartment was, I have seen in it, besides Mr. Thomson and his 
two apprentices, half a dozen of the neighbours' children 
all stowed away in it, some in one comer, some in another. 
It was a matter of surprise to the neighbours how Mrs. 
Thomson's family oould put up with the nuisance of so many 



sol 

oluldren running oat and in to their House at their pleasure. 
There were only two standing orders of the hoose : the one — 
to he sure to shut the door behind you in going out or coming in ; 
the other — to he sure to dicht your feet weel on the hass. If 
any of the children were amissing, the first inquiry after them 
was made at Mrs. Thomson's ; and, if any apology was offered 
for the trouble given by the children, the reply was always to 

the same effect — viz. : " Tell Mrs. that we are aye glad to 

see the poor things ; we would think ourselves out o* the 
warld a'thegither if they wema rinnin* out and in as usual." 

It was the binding-shop, however, that was the great centre 
of attraction to us children, for Mr. James was a most success- 
ful auxiliary to us in all our little amusements. He could 
fiimish us with paint — red, black, or yellow — to adorn and 
beautify the upper surface of our new tap. He could accom- 
modate us with a piece of twine to tie on our new points on' 
our fummel-sficks. He would also, on the promise of good 
behaviour, oblige us with a superior sort to be a string to our 
peer (spinning top) ; and, if the important affair of a dragon 
(paper kite) was on the tapis, his judgment was appealed to, 
to determine its size and shape, and, as was anticipated, the 
necessary material of paper and twine was also furnished by 
him. In fact, he seemed to eaier into all our little enjoyments 
as one of ourselves ; and I really think this worthy man felt 
little less pleasure in accommodating us than his little friends 
did in receiving his favours. 

While this worthy family did everything in their power to 
contribute to the happiness of their Uttle friends, and to their 
neighbours generally, they were also bright examples to those 
around them, in the performance of those relative duties 
which adorn the life of true Christians. They were ever 
ready to stretch out their hands to those who had none to 
help them ; and the poor unfortunate individuals who were 
criminally confined in those noxious holes in the Tolbooth, 
were occasionally supplied by them with plain but wholesome 
food J and in every case of distress which came within their 
knowledge, their assistance was always ready. 

The Thomson family was famous for possessing a beautiful 
and particularly small species of those spaniels generally 
known as " King Charles' " breed. They wore remarkable 
for the inside of the mouth being black. In my childish days 
they had two females named Fanny and Sally, and yelping 
little curs they were. At an after period, when I went 
down to Aberdeen on a visit) I had, along with my mother^ 



802 

the ezti*eme pleasure of drinking tea with the kind friends of 
my childish days, the twa Miss Thomsons, then retired from 
business. I had, at the sametime, the honour of receiving a 
puppy from them of the species alluded to, Miss Kirsty 
feelingly observing, that " the bit doggie would be a kind of 
keepsake and remembrance of Auld Langsyne, when perhaps 
she and her sister had haUh worn awa\ ** 



THE END. 



SUBSCRIBERS' NAMES. 



Aberdeen, The Bight Hon. the Conntess of, Haddo House 

Angus, John, Town-Clerk 

Arthur, Bey. David, 7, Springbank Terrace 

Adam, Thomas, Banker 

Abemethy, Bobert, C.E., Arthurseat 

Allan, George, Advocate 

Abel, William, Inverurie 

Adam, Mrs., High Street, Turriff 

Allan, William, & Son, Aberchirder 

Affleck, John, Assistant-Manager, Union Bank, Glasgow 

Angfus, John, Turriff 

Anderson, James G., Hampstead (Two Copies) 

Aitken, David, 11, Albert Street 

Aiken, James, 27, Broad Street 

Anderson, Bev. Alexander, Gymnasium 

Baibd, Thomas, Woodland House, Fitfodels 

Buyers, James, Marine Terrace 

Buchan, Miss (of Auchmacoy), Chanonry 

Barclay, Councillor James W. 

Black, William, 7, Affleck Street 

Booth, James, M.D., 231, Union Street 

Barker, Henry Martyn, LL.D., Bector of Qymnasium 

Best, Alexander Vans, M.D., 214, Union Street (Two Copies) 

Bell, Bev. John Peden, Midmar 

Beatt, Bev. David^ Ann Place 



804 

Barclay, Alexander, 26, St. Nicholas Street 

Beveridge, Robert, Beithvilla, Ferryhill 

Bums, Alexander, 46, Market Street 

Bain, Professor Alexander, LL.D., Ferryliill Lodge 

Burnett, Miss (of Kenmay), Old Aberdeen 

Burgess, Rev. William, M.A., Ardallie 

Bannatyne, Rev. Alexander M., Victoria Street 

Catto, George, 55, Union Street 

Cran, Robert, 46, King Street 

Ghasser, James, Town- Sergeant 

Clark, Rev. Samuel, M.A., St. Paul's, Aberdeen 

Craigmyle, Francis, Strawberrybank 

Chalmers, John G., Adelphi 

Cooper, Patrick, Advocate 

Carmichael, George, North of Scotland Bank 

Campbell, The Very Rev. P. C, D.D., Principal of Aberdeen 

University 
Craig, Skene, Craigpark, Enfield 
Craig, Mr., Commercial Bank, Turriff 
Cheyne, Patrick, Clothier, Turriff 
Cook, John, of Ashley, Shipowner 
Gumming, J., Fintray (Three Copies) 

DoNAiDsoN, Thomas, 25, Queen Street (Two Copies) 

Dyer, Alexander R., Shipowner 

Donald, Baillie George, Union Street West 

Dickie, George, M.D., Professor of Botany 

Duffus, Alexander, 11, Castle Street 

Duncan, John, Advocate 

Duncan, John, Jun., Advocate 

Downie, Charles Gordon, Advocate 

Davidson, John, Advocate 

Davidson, Alexander, of Desswood 

Douglass, James L., Culsh 

Dilling, William, Writer 



SOS 

t)rysdaie, Robert, decretary, Union Bank 

Donald, James B., School-house, Cults 

Dugnid, Peter, Bourtie House 

Duncan, J. Matthews, M.D., Edinburgh 

Duthie, Charles, Plumber, Turri£f 

Dalgamo, James, Slains (Four Copies) 

Dalgamo, Robert, Slains 

Dalgamo, Patrick, Bevios Hill, Southampton 

Easton, David, Accountant, Union Bank 
Esslemont, Alexander, 30, King Street 
Esslemont, Councillor Peter, Broad Street 
Ewing, Alexander, Fordyce 

Feaseb, William, Surgeon 

Finlason, John, 2, Longacre 

Flockhart, Alexander, Advocate 

Fraser, Baillie John, Bon-Accord Street 

Ferguson, Thomas, 28, Dee Street 

FuUarton, James, 185, Gallowgate 

Forrest, Rev. James, M.A., School-house, Auchterless (Three 

Copjes) 
Forsyth, John, 86, Broad Street 
Ferguson, William, of Kinmundy (Two Copies) 
Ferrier, J. S., Elgin (Ten Copies) 

Grant, Rev. Charles, M.A., Glasgow 

Gordon, John, Farmer, Highlands 

Crordon, Baillie William, Bon-Accord Square 

Grassick, John S., 21, Ferryhill Place 

Gordon, James, 44, Union Street 

Garden, James Murray, Advocate 

Gerard, Robert, Union Street 

Gill, Alexander O., Caroline Place 

Green, William, 29, Queen Street 

Geddes, Professor William D., M.A., University 

"2k 



m 

(j^ray, tlie late Daniel, Union Street 
Gordon, William, City Chamberlain 
Gordon, Miss 

Grieve, James, North of Scotland Banjk, Turriff 
Glennie, W. S., Slains 

Henderson, Baillie William, Architect 

Henderson, William Low, Architect 

Harvey, Rev. Robert, 256, George Street 

Henderson, William, M.D., of Caskieben 

Home, R. B., Garden Place West 

Horn, James, of Pitmedden, Oyne 

Hardy, James, 41, Union Street 

Hntcheon, James, 17, Seamonnt Place 

Hill, George, 59, Green 

Hunter, Professor W. A., M.A., University College, London 

Hutcheon, Baillie John, Turriff 

Henderson, A. B., Union Bank, Glasgow 

Hill, George W., Union Bank, Glasgow 

Johnston, Lady, Hilton House 

Johnston, Alexander, W.S., Pitlurg House, Ellon (Seven Copies) 

Johnstone, Rev. James, M.A., Belhelvie (Two Copies) 

Johnston, Robert, 218, Union Street 

Jamieson, George, of Drumgarth, Cults 

Jamieson, Robert, M.D., Elmhill 

Johnston, John H., 17, Crown Street 

Keith, John, Bon-Accord Terrace 

King, Lieut.-Colonel W. Ross, of Tertowie, by Blackburn 

Keith, the late WilHam, M.D., 263, Union Street 

Kirkman, Rev. J., M.A., Vicar of St. Stephen's, Hampetead 

King, George, F.S.A., Garden Place 

Kemp, William, Inverurie (Two Copies) 

LiOESTWOOD; John, Sheriff Clerk of Aberdeensliira 



807 

^^^S^f ^ohn, Asfiistant Town Surreyof 

Legge, Rev. James W., M.A., Grammar School 

Legge, John Wilson, Scnlptor, Union Bridge 

Lnmsden, Robert, Banker 

Littlegohn, William, Banker (Two Copies) 

Lumsden, William, Eastbank, Fonthill 

Laing, Alexander, Jan.| Bon«Aocord Street 

Longmnir, Rev. John, LL.D. 

Leslie, Hngh Fraser, of Fowls 

Lyon, Mrs. David, Mary Cottage, King Street Road 

Lovie, James B., Commercial Traveller 

Laing, Alexander, Wheeling, Virginia, U. S. 

MoiB, Rev. Robert, M.A., Rothiemay 

Mitchell, Alexander, 49, St. Kicholafl Street 

Maokie, William, Huntly Street 

Milne, Alexander, 13, Springbank Terrace 

Murray, Alexander S., 10, Springbank Terrace 

Morgan, Patrick, Eingsland Place (Two Copies) 

Mnrray, Rev. James Leslie 

Milne, Alexander D., 87, Thistle Street 

Mathieson, James, of Disblair 

MoUyson, Charles Alexander, Carden Place 

Milne, A. & R., Booksellers (Six Copies) 

Mitchell, Adam, of Heathcote 

Milligan, Professor William, D.D., University 

Middleton, Rev. John, M.A., Glenmnick 

Milne, Rev. Joseph, M.A., Bathgate 

Milne, John, 24, St. Nicholas Street 

Manson, John, Banker 

Miller, John, Melville House, Homsey 

Milne, George, Banker 

Morison, David, 2, Mackie Place 

Mitchell, James, United Cottage, Holbnm Place 

Meston, James, C.A., Union Street 

Masson, Professor David, M.A., LL.D., Edinburgh University 



808 

Millar, David, 147, Union Street 

Murray, Bev. G. Hardie, South Gaye, Yorkshire 

Murray, Joseph, Aberchirder 

Meams, Rev. William, D.D., Kinneff 

Murray, Mrs., Balmoral Place 

Miller, L. M., Turriff 

Muir, John, Milton of Leask, Slains 

Mitchell, John, Academy, Elgin 

Meston, Archibald, Elgin 

Moir, Golonel James, Portsoy 

M'Bonald, Alexander, of Kepplestone 

McDonald, William, Union Bank 

Mintosh, J. G., Ashley Place 

M'Gombie, William, of Easter Skene (Two Gopiee) 

M'Leod, Malcolm, Governor, Old Machar Poor-House 

M'Einnon, Lauohlan, Jun., Advocate 

M'Donald, Alexander, Advocate 

NiooL, Alexander, Shipowner, Albyn Place 

OasToir, Francis, M.B., 156, Union Street 
Ogston, Bobert, 218, George Street 
Ord, John, Gommerciskl Traveller 

Pabk, James, Shipowner, Fraserburgh 
Pyper, William, 89, Broad Street 

Boss, Bev. Bobert, M.A., Gruden 

Bennie, William, 23, Gallowgate 

Boss, Donald, Alma Gottage 

Boss, Hugh, Dean of Guild 

Beid, John, Mount Street 

Boss, George, 34, North Broadf ord 

Bose, William, of Hazlehead (Two Gopies) 

Buncy, Gharles F., Advocate 

Boss, Major John, Albyn Place 



809 

Iteid, James, Argyle Street, Glasgow 

Battraj, Bobert, M.D., Royal Infirmary 

Eobinson, Hardy, of Denmore 

Eoger, John, Albyn Cottage 

Ramsay, The Very Rev. E. B., LL.D., Dean of Edinburgh 

Rnncieman, John, Anohmill, Turriff 

Reid, Andrew, Mill of Gollieston 

Robertson, Andrew, M.D., of Hopewell 

SilYOLAis, James Angostns, Banker 

Snther, Bight Bey. Thomas G., D.G.L., Bishop of Aberdeen 

Smith, Bey. B. Harvey, M.A., Carlisle 

Strahan, Bev. W. D., GoYemor, Gordon's Hospital 

Stephen, Lessel, Adyocate 

Shirer, Oliver, 27, York Place 

Shepherd, James, 28, Bon-Aooord Terrace 

Stephen, Alexander, Martin's Lane 

Soott, W. D., St. Mary's Place 

Sim, John, Surgeon, H.E.I.O.S. 

Shinie, Fergoson, Writer 

Smith, John, Lieutenant of Police 

Smart, William, 181, Union Street 

Spottiswood, B. S. F., Advocate 

Saint, James, Jun., 171, Union Street 

Smith, John Gordon, M.D., 10, Union Terrace 

Sykes, Colonel W. H., M.P., London 

Souttar, William, Calsayseat 

Smith, Bobert, of Glenmillan 

Smith, William, 7, Union Buildings 

Smith, Neil, Jun., Carden Place 

Stevenson, James C, M.P., South Shields 

Smith, John, Advocate 

Spalding, Bobert, School-house, Bridge of Dun 

Souttar, James, Architect, Schoolhill 

Sanger, Baillie John, Commerce Street 

Strachan, James, North of Scotland Bank 



SIO 

Smith, Bev. Jamei» M.A.» &.D., Kewbilla 
Smith, Alexander, 25, St. Nioholas Street 
Spence, Bev. Alexander, D.D., Gastlehill 
Smith, Alexander, Inspector of Foot, EineHar 
Sherar, John, 50, George Street 
Stevenson, William, 18, St. Nicholas Street 
Simpson, William, Hnntly (Three Copies) 
Sutherland, Bev. James, M. A., Turriff 
Stables, George, Jan., Old Aberdeen 
Skene, Thomas, Ashley Place 
Sinclair, William, 84, Upperldrkgate 

Smith, John, Manager Steam Nayigsfctoa Oompany ^Tw 
Oopies) 

Tubbe;;, Alexander, 89, Union Street 

Thom, William, of Ontseats, Fitmnxton 

Thnrbum, Mrs., Mnrtle House 

Thompson, Cornelius, Albyn Place 

Tester, James, Commercial Traveller 

Tait, William, Inyemrie Mills 

Taylor, Captain G^eorge Skene, B.K., Inohgarth 

YALEiniiNE, James, Clerk of Police 

Wtllie, David, Banker 
Whitton, William, 186, Crown Street 
Walker, Alexander, Wine Merchant 
Walker, James, Wine Merchant 
Wilson, Bev. James H., London 
Whyte, George, Writer 
Warrack, Charles, Becord Office 
Webster, John, Advocate (Five Copies) 
Wyllie, David, Jun., Union Bank 
Williamson, William, Golden Square 
Webster, George, Bloomfield 
Whyte, Alexander B., 21, Union Bnildingt