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Full text of "An Arabic-English vocabulary of the colloquial Arabic of Egypt, containing the vernacular idioms and expressions, slang phrases, etc., etc., used by the native Egyptians"

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All, rnjiils rcvrveit. 




IVM-liaiis no ai)()k\u\- is inTtlcd for iiiti'odueing tho present work to 
the notice of oriental ricliolar.s in general and Arabic scholars in 
i)articnlar. Having been interested for many years in the colloqnial 
Arabic of Egypt, the compiler was strnck - as, no donbt, all 
those who have studied colloquial Arabic must also have been-by the 
wealth of the dialect, not only in words but informs of expression and 
subtle meanings, and the more he studied the subject, the more he 
liccanie convinced of the necessit\- and utility of a vocabulary to 
introduce the foreigner to the still uncomprehended treasures of 
colloquial Arabic. 

But it was not until ISDl that he began to collect his materials. 
His plan at first was to conq)ile a simple book of some two hundred 
ijiiges, but as the work progressed he foimd that it was gradually 
o-rowing larger until at last its size as originally contemplated was 
ijreatly increased. Finding this to be the case, the compiler decided 
to "ivc the book a wider scope, and for this purpose he introduced a 
large number of administrative, financial, engineering, mechanical and 
military words which he met with in his perusal of a mass of official 
publications. The idioms and the slang phrases Avere obtained not only 
l)y reading almost all the literature of which colloquial Arabic can 
boast, but by listening and carefully noting casual words and trivial 
phrases as they were used in connnon conversation. 

In the early part of the year the book was ready for the i)n'ss, but 
it must not for a moment be imagined that all the phrases and charac- 
teristic expressions in use amongst the natives of this country have 
been given. No single comjjiler can hope to make an exhaustive 
collection, lint it can be confidently stated that the material here 
collected represents almost all that a foreigner wouhl nu'ct with in 
conversation with tiie natives of Egypt. 

(Jreat difficult}- was oltcn met witli in ascertaining the precise 
meaning of some words. The comi)iler then had recourse to his 
friends and in certain instances conflicting definitions were given. Tlie 
reason is not f;ir to seek. Collo([uial Arabic not having been writti'u 
until ijuite recently, woi'ds are sometimes used as the fancy ot the 
speaki'i- dictatos. fn these cases, the meanings given are those most imi- 
versally accepted. As regards the idi(jms and the slang, the conqiiler did 

his best to obtain the equivalent English idioms, and where this was 
not possible, an expression as near as possible resembling tlie original 
was given. For this reason many of the English idiomatic and other 
expressions can be improved upon, but the student can be assured that 
no pains have been spared to render the book accurate and trust- 

While the book was in the press objections were made to the de- 
rivatives separately given and to the translitei*ation. Those experienced 
in teaching Arabic to foreigners in Egypt know that only a small per- 
centage of these study the syntax and the grammar and that the 
Egyptians themselves are often at a loss to find a word in a purely 
Arabic lexicon where the derivatives are given only under the root 
verb. As tar as the transliteration is concerned, the system adopted is 
that of the late Spitta Bey - pronounced by scholars to be the most 
scientific - simplified by a distinguished American scholar. It may per- 
ha])s ])e added that no system of translitei-ation is perfect and the 
adoption of system is a matter of taste. 

In conclusion, the compiler wishes to express his grateful thanks 
to his numerous friends, both in this country and al)road, for tlieir 
kind assistance and encouragement whicli gave him fresh vigour at 
moments Avhen he felt w'eary, and enabled him to summon up courage 
to bring his work to a conclusion. He wishes that it were possible 
lor him to name them all, but certain considerations prevent his doing 
S(j. Mention must, however, ])e made of I. G. Mussawir Bey, of the 
Piildic Works Department, who read a part of the manuscript making 
valual)le suggestions. 

Thanks are also due to the printers for the diligence and skill 
with which they have executed their difficult and complicated task, 
submitting to numerous alterations and corrections whilst it was in 
the press. 

Cairo, S. S. 

y^uvcmber 1895. 


The mnnner which the compiler has adopted in giving the verbs 
appears to hira to be easier than that hitherto followed by Arabic 
lexicographers. Only such forms and derivatives are given as are more 
generally used by the natives. The present tense, given in parenthesis 
after the past, is omitted in the transliteration when it is formed from 
the past by the prefix "//". The plurals, the formation of which is 
one of the main difficulties of the language, are invariabl\- yiven. 
The asterisk denotes that the word is fureiini. 


stands for 



< ( 












I { 




















The Alphabet. 

The Arabic Alphabet consists of 28 letters : — 








\ _ 









s ^ 

% j 


"3 'S 








5 > 



.r- O 



P "^ 







iz; I 


1-^ r«=i 

























t i 

























' \ t 












1 ^- 


80 ' 










^ J 





























^ i J 






1 J 




-( '^ 



























































. j' 





J y 


• All the vowels. 



el a'ddd. 


The numbers. 
































\ • 



^ Y 




myja we wdhid 101 





myja we 'asara 110 


t is'a 

























































alf we hamastdsar iol5 




\r'\ alf 

' we myt^ti we 

tis'a 1209 








wdhid we Hsryn 


\ .... 



f r 

itnin we Hsryn 


r — 

talatyn alf 




4 a 

\ • • 

V « • 

myt alf 




1 • 

Am^\ *\.l ayjdm el gurrCa^ 
The days of the week. 



■TV I 

jdm el hadd, Sunday 

" eZ itn^n, Monday 

" el taldt, Tuesday 

'* eZarfta', Wednesday 

" el fsamys, Thursday 

" elgum'a, Friday 

" elsabt, Saturday 

4.:J\ jj^^ kuhur es sana, 
The months of the year. 

*i^j'' ->^f- suh{lr ufrangyja, 

The European months. 

j,_b Jandjir, January 

j,ljw flbrdjir, February 

OjU mars, March 

J.j,l a6r«//, April 

yi, mdjo. May 

o^i jCinJa, June 

Jy. j6i!/a, July 

,j-k-.p| agostos, August 

j^i- sibtimhar, September 

j^yJ^ oktdbar, October 

jiiy nufembar, November 

j^.i dysembar, December 



. suhur 'arabyja, 

The lunar months. 





Jj' l2:'.-> 

raby" auioil 

<sJ^* ^:iJ 

raby^ tdny 


gamdd auwil 

jlf il^ 

gamdd tdny 









U.2i\ ji 

zul qi^da 

A*J-I ji 

zul higga 



i kihdr gibtyja, 


Coptic months. 
























^\ *iii 

fSf-^' misra 

ayj'dm el nasy 

A^^i el 'unila, 
The money. 

I 400 drahms "1 

' or 2 3/4 ratls )> = 1 oke 

= 1 piastre. 
= 1 i:. E. 

= 1 £s 


or 40 Paras 
1000 milliftmes 
or 100 Piastres 
975 millifemes ) 
or 97 1/2 Piastres ^ 
877. 5 millifemes 
or 87 3/4 Piastres 
771. 5 milli6mes / 
or 77 6/40 Piastres \ 
48. 75 milli6mes 
or 4 35/40 Piastres 
38. 75 milli^mes 
or 3. 34 Piastres 

Oi j'jll el mawazyn, 
The weights. 
12 drahrrs = 1 ounce 
12 ounces = i rati 
100 ratls = 1 qintdr 
2247 1/2 ratls ) 

or 1000 kilograms 
r 809. 114/000 okes 
r 22 475/000 (jinfdrs 

jorl. 236 kilos, j 

36 okes 
or 44. 493 kilograms. 

= 1 qintdr- 

oUil^ jy^kusdr el fadddn, 
The fractions of the fadddn. 
1 fadddn = 24 qyrdts 
1 qyrdt = 3 habbas 
1 habba = 2 ddniqs 

( 333. 3 square qasabas 
)or 4200 square metres. 
1 qaMba = 3. 55 metres 

1 fadddn = 

^.jjVl jf^ kusAr el ardabb^ 
The fractions of the ardabb. 
1 ardabb = 6 w4bas 

1 loiba = 
1 kila = 
1 ruU = 
1 ardabb = 

2 kilas 
4 ruUs 
4 qadahs 
197. 75 litres. 

;> = 1 ton 

c-jiV! eZ adru\ 

The pics. 

U>>ljjt/tr^' nj/iy :=:0.54 

,jUyk " fZird'/u/idd^tt =0.656 

Jj.;l:-1 " d ird' istanbiily = O.GGi> 

ifj\, " drd' balady --=0.58 

^A» oCj«-U mudyrtjjdt masr, 
The provinces of Egypt. 

(£j^ bahary^ Lower Egypt. 

*ji^is,i\ el qaljubyja 
^J^ii\ elsargyja 
aJ^sJI eldaqahlyja 
duji\ el garbyja 
AJ^:U el menufyja 
,j^\ elbihira 

JA qibly, Upper Egypt. 
»jji-l el gyza 
p,i\\ el fayjum 
'-^.^'' (i; bang su4f 
L:U el minja 

^jr Oirga 

jjaII el hudud ( the Frontier ; 

j.^. wlkiU: muhafsdt masr, 
The Governorates of Egypt. 
^<4-. mai^r^ Cairo 
4ija:d iskindiryja^ Alexandria 
Jl.ill e/ /cdn^^z^ Suez Canal 
O'iy'^^ es su^s, Suez 

U;6|^VI elisma"ylyja,lm\hi\\Qh 
J.)jJ\ e^ '«ri/s, Ariche 
^-ail\ e^ qus^r, Kosseir 
J'U.^ dumjdc, Damietta 
J-i-j m8?/d, Rosetta 
a^y sawdkin, Suakin. 

j.a» jIjIcI atmdn masr 
The districts of Cairo. 
AXijVl eZ azbakyja 
i{jit}\ v_,l bdb el sa'ryja 

j^ji btildq 
w^. j.Ji.J\ ei sayjida z^nab 
iJiSk\ el halyfa 
Cxx\c "abdyn 
yVl^jjJi el darb el ahmar 
tjji subra 
*A>-I e^ gamdlyja 
^}[\)\ el wdjly 
j>-^ll eZ m&sky 
*^ii£- ^> maiir'atyqa (old Cairo). 

J.AM jLiUl^ wahdl masr 
The oasis of Egypt. 
^y.i^\ oUl J ?oaM?; eZ fayjiim . 




l,f.l\ ^\j\i^ nisardt elhuMma, 
The Government Ministries. 

4.UU el malyja, Finance 
Ajii-ljl eldahlyja, Interior 
i.'Mi-\ el haqqonyja , Justice 
4.s-jli:| elhargyja,YoTe\gno^ce 
K,»y'f^\ JU-VI el asgdl elhimumyja, 

Public Works. 
A^j^''\^j\-!^^elma"drif el'umumyja^ 
Public Instruction. 
*..ji.| elharbyja,VJ'ar Office. 

]-UU eZ ma.sdlih, 

The Administrations. 

4-.y"M *»:?'l ii*^' madahei es ^ihha 

el "umumyja, Public Health 

<fi\^\ J-^l ^Z mamalelkymdwy^ 

The Chemical laboratory. 
jjj!l .jlf .:« isi-^* maslahet man' 

tigdret er raqyq, Department 

of the suppression of slavery. 
^J.^y^\ isi'" madahet el bolys. 

Police Department. 
C;^f^\ IM' maslahet es sugAn^' 

Prison Department. 
Ai^Vl *;U.j^j!I ed daftarljdna el 

ma.^ryja. Central Archives of 

4.,c-jl .Ji-ji-l :j\i\ iddret el garyda 
er rasmyja, office of the Direc- 
tor of the Official Journal. 

(S)\ .,/ jLci; taftys'umCim er raj, 
office of the Inspector General 
of Irrigation. 

^llljkl ii-*' maslahet el ha;:sandt. 
Reservoirs Department. 

JbJikl '4^J\ X^'^' maslahet es sikkael 
hadyd^ Railway Administration. 

s.Ll.'loU'^^lj^''^ fj'f'lj^:'^ iddret 'iimum 
el fanardt wil lymandt, Ports 
and Lighthouses Administration. 



maslahet el asardt, 

Archceological or Museum De- 

JJ^ ■^^jji'^) ii*^ maslahet waburdt 
en nyl, Nile steamers Service. 

^U.».i-I fy/f" '»j\i^ iddret 'umiim el 
hisabdt, Control of Government 

.jyll J'yVI ;jlj)l iddret cl amtrdl 
el muqarrara, Department of 
the Contributions Directes. 

ojj4*^J\JlyVlJjbl iddret el amwdl 

el gSr mugarrara, Department 

of the Contributions Jndirectes. 
»jl.l (^ jjl\ il^ji*! :j\i\ iddret amldk el 

myry el hurra, Department of 

Government free lands. 
iji'^^ jtjjl J^a;-* sandiiq cd din el 

''umumy, Public Debt office. 
*i*Vl AiuUl el matba^a elahlyja, 

National Printing office. 
^1 1^ maslahet el malh, Salt 

iJjUrl c^ ;jijl iddret ''um{im eg 

gamdrik, Customs Department. 
J<»-I^J\ Jt. iiL-*' maslahet gafar cs 

sawdhil, Coast Guard Service. 
*S>-y^\ fy* IjIjI iddret \imum el 

bdsta, Post Administration. 
4k-.^l olj^lj ;i-»- maslahet wabu. 

rdt el bdsta, Khedivi6 Steamers 

*«l;jijl cr ru^ndma, Pension 

ill^-VI l^' madahet el asmdk, 

Fisheries Department. 
0^,J.^I L-jjt* madraset el mubta- 

dajdn, Primary scliool. 
*JJ}tf I *^jA\ el madrasa el taghy- 

zyja, Preparatory School. 
*;ls.-'Ji:^l i-jA* madraset elmihan- 

d isfjdna, Polytechnic School. 
J^\ i-jJi. madraset el huquq, 

School of law. 
Z^[\/^\ i-jji» madraset el ^amaly- 

jdt, School of arts and trades. 
,»J«3l i-jjL. madraset et tjbb, School 

of medecine. 
oV^I i-jji* madraset el wildda, 

School of midwifery. 
ic\jj\ i-jA* madraset C2 zird^a, 

Agricultural College. 
44^J.I AjU-Ji.*jll cr ramdlidna el 

fy>'0'i^yjo-, The observatory. 
A..UVI rUi elmahdkim el ahlyja, 

Native courts. 
*UiiijjJl^l el magdlis el muJitalita, 

Mixed Courts. 
*^j^^\ Tli^i elmahdkim cssar^yja, 

Courts of Mohamedan law. 
(*»-J^ J^' *-^) <4''J.:;Vl aO' el mah. 

kamael ibtiddyja{ mahkamet 

auwil daraga ), Court of first 

ijl:tI-Vl i^ mahkamet el istyndf, 

Court of Appeal. 


Jy,^\ j^iiW^^mahkamet en naqd 
toil ibrdm, Court of Cassation. 

A.jCi-1 Ua» ^-» qism qaddja el 
hukuma. Department of Go- 
vernment legal advisers ( Con- 
tent ieux ). 

*j.^V^U.\J'en nijdbael 'uniumyja. 
Office of the Procureur General. 

»lUjl_yl!ijsi-U^Jl p/ ;jljl iddret 
\im{im es sarfyjdt toil lawa- 
zimdt, Surveyor General's 

4jj»- ol:A;«r f^Ijbl iddret 'um^im 
ta'yjindi harhyja^ Deparln:ent 
of supplies. 

Alli- *Xl A^-^'maslahet eg gabaljdna, 
Powder Magazines. 

ji^VI j4^ J=*'l>'- '*ij\-i'^ hukumda- 
ryjet sawdhilel hahr el ohmar, 
Governorate of Red Sea Littoral. 

o^^Vl M-^ Ijl^l iddret 'umilm el 
awqdf^ Wakf ( Religious pro- 
perty ) Administration. 

*JiJ\ .j.JjJl ed ddjra es sanyja, 
Daira Sanieh. 

fuJ*J-JO *ij^\ i«^lj"^l *»^'^' maslahet 
cl ard'ly elmyryja(el dom^n), 

Tiie State Domains Administra- 

C>\'j^>fi\i Aij^l iss*^l ;^* maslahet 
es sihha el bahryja wil haran. 
tyndt. Quarantine Board. 

(^j^Jl o^r-'jS'l el komisjdn el bala- 
dy, Municipal Council. 

*j jC-p w.>j rutab 'askaryj'a^ 
Military grades. 

Jl* |ij^ muld^im tdny, Sub-Lieu- 

Jjl ^yj^»muWizim a«Mjj7,Lleutenant. 

JXjy__jusbdsa, Captain. 

j^v.*ftVy f-U sd^ qulagdsy^ Adjutant- 

ij\^hinbdsa^ Major. 

^\ii\\ qdjim maqdm, Lieutenant- 

<^Vljy myraldj. Colonel. 

Ij! liwa^ Brigadier-General. 

oij f^^y<i> Lieutenant-General. 

^i* musyr, Field-Marshal. 

jil nafar, Private, 

oT^ij' jf) ioakyl onbdki, Lance- 

^^-iUjI onbdsa, Corporal. 

^^[)\>■ sawys, Sergeant, 
jLijls^l; bds iatof/s,Sergeant-Major. 
ctj-l iJ^i biiluk amyn, Quarter- 
master sergeant. 
J^^ ■■<6l, Warrant officer. 

aM. ^ij rutab mulkyja, 
Civil grades. 

1 er rutbael Jj^msa, 
5tli grade. 

2 k^\}\ Ajjl er rutba er rdb'a, 

4th grade. 

3 AiUill iijjl er r&tba et tdlta, 

3rd grade. 

4 A.iUl ajJI er ruiba et tdnja, 

2nd grade. 

5 j^ljll iJj rutbet el mutamdjiz, 
G o'j;^*^.'^* Vj futbet myr myrdn. 

^ij'^ Jj' f JJ V-> rutbet ru- 
mdly beklerbiy. 
VI; "^Jj rutbet bdla. 
j\-i« A.Jj rutbet musyr. 

wUll alqdb, addresses. 

cSJiil jl:.i- fiimjatlu afandy. 
(ij^il ^> p fat watlu afandy. 
(ijujl j\:,»j rifatlu afandy. 
kill ^Jjc ''iszailu bL 
*J:»I jlrje '' afandim. 
(►Juil jlol..- sa'ddatlu afandim. 
(^jlr^i^ j.ji:j| jlijU- sa'ddatlu 
afandim hadratlary. 
ifj.'ijjip- .a:»| jly^kp "ut.ufatlu 
afandim liadratlary. 
iSj^'j'^>- fAal jl:Ijj dawlatlu 
afandim liadratlary. 


\ = a, d, e, ^, i, ij, 0, 6, a, ti. 

J ab,or y\ abu, father, posses- 
sor of, /)/. ^Ij,' ahbahdi -j^^i 
\cy'\ 'dmil aba 'aly,hQ plays 
the grandee, he gives him- 
self airs; t-i-^^ ; a<f- ,<} abu 
'^n icdhcla, one.eyed;^^5j f\ 
abu daqn, bearded man ; ^1 
^•Jlabu ed (7a/ia6,generous, 
liberal, wealthy; j-J> y} (fbu 
qiri:,\vovlh a piastre; jIj^^^J 
abu qirddn, ih\s; c^J^^:* abu 
en n6m, poppy ; »i} y} abu 
farica, chestnut; vi-i- ^Mba 
iabat, venomous spider ; yl 
J^il abu el hdl, sphinx ; y\ 
JjU. abu maijdsil, stork ; 
r\j .il aba rijdh, weather- 
cock; ^.iiy\abu (liqyq,hn[- 
terfly; yA>- yl aba galambo, 
crab; j^fy,^ abu kibijr, as- 
saroctida;,il^»yiab» fai^dda, 
wag-tail. (^a'I l:U abdna el 

la:;y, the Lord's Prayer, 
Paternoster. \iy\ abuna, our 
father, Reverend. (^ylafcafu^, 
i>-\>\ ibdha, see ^l 
<Sjll abdrka, wine used for the 

Ijkil ibtida, see Ix 
ill abadan, never, at all; J.WU 
ill U«wa gds hena abidan, 
he never came here. Jb^ 
muabbad, perpetual; JUiVt 
\x,). <;liU cl ai(jdl essdqqa 
muabbadan, liard labour 
or penal servitude for life. 
*lj.l ibrdm, sec *ji 
*-i_^l abrasf/ya, diocese of a bi- 
shoj), pi. -^L-ij.! abrakjjAt. 
>j\ ibra, needle, pi j\ ibar;,j\ 
s>Jo-ibrahadyd, iron point; 
oyy^z^-ibitel ?6ra, compass. 
J. jjl atry^/. jug, pitcher, joZ. J. jU 


Jjj, I aferyi/ April. 
^y\ab;:ym, buckle, pi. pU 

JILI ib(dl, see JL 
AjiLl ab'adyja, see Ji«s 


I aft/cam, see <r 

jLlafttog, see jl; 

^U abdlo* appeal;^U J/ 'ama? 
abellofiv }.<} ^tjrafa' abello, 
or jll ^Ul agttm abello , he 
appealed( against the judg- 
ment of ij court of justice). 

^•}ably^, alluvial deposit of 
the Nile. 
fj-4i^o,blySj the devil, satan, pl_ 
iJU abdlsa. 

^\ ibn,son, pi. ^^ bany; ^S\j.\ 
ibn el ibn, grandson ; J\ jl 
ibn el 'am/n, cousin (masc. ); 
^Vl ^,\ ibn el a(}h, nephew; 
Vj'j:' '^^ 'arab, Arab; vl 
j.^' ibn mciAr^ Egyptian; ^>\ 
6 J. ibn turk, Turk ; ,^\i jA 
ibn nds, man of good family; 
^j,:l\ jil ibn el gins, fellow 
countryman ; jijjl j.| ibn ed 

dynfine. of the same religion; 
jlT^.il i6n Ardr, artisan;^,! 
*-jA* j6n mad rasa, educa- 
ted, man of education; Ji^_ ^,\ 
ibn 6afad, townsman, refined 
man; k- cx._^f-j>} ibn ^isryn 
sana, twenty years old. 
j_^yj| abnvs or abanus, ebony. 

y\ aba, see ._^' 
ylf^il abukdto,OTy^y'>\ afukdto* 
lawyer, advocate, pi. a.;''^.' 
^.,\abyb, lllh month of the 

Coptic calendar. 
J^:>}abja(l , see ^j3.■J_"! atdby ,0V ^ j\i\ atdry,seejj>-\ 
^\.'i\atdt, see^"! 
f\j\ ittibd\ see .J 

wll { ^;L ) attit, lo furnish a 
housc.^ll;iiiai/;j<,tobe fur- 

f t 

nished.^rU muattitfiT z^\u 

mitattit^ furnished. ^.t\; 

tatytj act of furnishing a 

house. oUiaCcti, furniture 

•If I ittigdh, see ^^ 

ilil ittihdd, see j> J 
j\atar, sec J\ 




ftUJI ittisd'^, sec »-j 
J La) I ?7^i»'(tZ, see J^j 
jli'l ittifdq^andiJ\iJ\ittifaqyJa, 

see jij 
(^\all itqdn, see ^y! 
^n ittika, sec iS'j 
Jl^'l iltikdl^ see JS^ 
C^cl itmdm, see >r 
u*:!* itniUj see ^^^ 
fV^I ithdm, see ,y: 
Jl (JL )aJa O''^'!^^, to come., 
JL'I i^a^^a, or JUaai;i;a_, to 
result, be derived from; JUJ 
I j5^« J ^ ^ i^^y y { tat tarn in 
kida, what will be the re- 
sult of this? Jl<l<t/, coming; 
wl ^» ^kama huwa dty, as 
follows, viz. ; 4JVI «^-J\ es 
sanaeldtja, next year. (jLi 
atajdn, act of coming. 
oUi isbdt,seG^ 
jjl ( jli ) assar^ to affect, make 
an impression ; _,ij:l I. ^•>'& 
ft, aJ kaldmy ma assars fyh, 

my words have made no im- 

to be affected, impressed. 

J[:» mitassar, affected, im- 
pressed, ^rl" tasyr, effect^ 

influence, impression, pi, 

* * 1 

C^\j<j\Jtasyrdt.J\asar^or j\ 

atar^trace; J\ 4I ^_,p ^j». U 
ma haddis 'irif loh asar 
no one could trace him, no one 
could find where he was.jtl 
asdr^ monument, relic, pi. 
OljlM asardt. 
\i'\ asna, see J: 

4,UI igdba, see v_-jU 

r-U' agdg^ native salted fish, sg. 
isX~\ agdga^ pi. c-UU-l 

, jU! agd^a, see jU 

c-lj>.| igiimd'', see *?• 

.il^>.| igtihdd, sec a^ 
jr' ( jr^. ) '^99'^^) to let, hire. 
j>.\<\itag gar, io be l(>t, hired. 
j?.li-l istdgar, to take on 
hire.j>-l:«miiag'(j'ar, let, hi- 
red. jj>-l' tagyr, act of letting 
or hiring. j\»tll-i istygdr,aci 
of taking on hire.j»-\u-^rMMs. 
tdgir^ tenant, pi. jiy-\:.^* 



mustagiryn. j^y muaggir, 
landlord, pi. CX-j^y rnuag- 
gfirr/n. .j^lf/gTfl/ental^lease, 
j\c\ ygdr, rental, lease, pi. 
OljUl ygardt; tf;"^ Z^. bdt 
Ulugra, or jl^^W ■i^-'. bit HI 
ygdr^a house to let; ,j^\ o^o 
'arabyjet ugra, hackney 
\j^\ igra^ sec iSj>- 

wjj>.i agrab, see ,^j>. 

c)j=r' ig^'O'^n, or Ji\ ikminn, or 
J,\i"l aidbt/, or (ijl'l atdry, 
this is why, therefore; Oj=r' 
J^ia^j^jS" wU\ igrann elbdb 
kdn maqful, this is why the 
door was closed; J:, ^>-U ^;j>-l 
igrannuhum. ma gus, this 
is why they did not come. 

ijj»-l agrCid, see ^j?- 

Ij>-I a^^xTd, and^c-jp-l ag^agy,and 

*'\i-j>-\ ag^abdna, see ►Ij^ 

J^l ( JrSiV'^fl' j^.to delay, put off. 

Jo-L"! iCa^^i/, to be delayed, 

put off. J.:vl; tagyl^aci of de- 

layingjputting off. J».l a^-aZ, 

fixed pericd,term,end of life; 

4o.l ji-\ bj rabbina abad 
agaloh, he died, he kicked 
the bucket, 
j^l ap-Z, for, so that ; dlWV lag- 
lak, for you; ^^^r I. ^,,Hlagl 
ma turuh, so that you may 
go;J:.^ U All ^i>>i lagl innoh 
ma jig ys^ so ih3[ he may 
not come. 
^:>.\ agnaby, see ^:>- 
Ai^-lag'ttna, chisel, pi. z^\:>-\ 

AtUi iM(ot, seei»U 
^\J^>.\ ihtirds,see ^j- 

^\^\ ihtirdq, see Jj^ 

f\J^\ ihtirdm, see ^j>- 

JU1p-1 ihtifdl, see Ji»- 

jUl>-l ihtiqdr^ see j4> 

i^jlttis-l ihtiqdn^ see ^2,2»- 

j^i>l ihtikdr, see _^ 

J:>^1?-1 ihtildl, see Jo- 

^U>.| ihtijdg^ see ^^U 

^LLip-l ihtijdty^ see isU 
jff-la/iad, see jp-j 

^l-»»-l ihsdn, and ^^-.».l ahsan^ and 

aJL-.»-I ahsanyja, see ^y-*- 



La^l ihsa, statistics, pi. olU^I 

aJp-I ahaqqyja^ see ^y■ 
ji-\ ahmar, see ji- 
U>-i ihna, see lil 
J^l ahwal, see J^=- 
\;\:'-i ahjdnarij see ^j*?- 
^1 a/j/;, or _,i-l a/]u, brotlier^ pi. 
Olji-I abwdt- tA j,j[a jl^i>- 
hoiidn ma Ids ahh,, in- 
comparable iiorse. o>l "6^ 
sister.pi.O'^^l ahawdt; \^i.\ 
ulitaha, her sister^the other 
one ( of a pair ). jly-l aJi- 
wdn, brethren. 4i,>!a6a 10 «/- 
ja, brotherhood. ^ jiby, or 
i~i Ja /jaj, contraction of \j 
J-\ja ahy, my Ijrother! 
'^1 afili, fie! interjection of pain 
or regret; ^u ■iA ahh min- 
na/c, what a devil you arel 
^U U J!l ^1 all!} illy ma gds 

I am sorry he did not cornel 
r-l ihh,OTj.\ ihby, interjection 

of disgust; 'f) ^\ U K ^1 i/tlj. 

ja mania (oisih, ohl how 

dirty you are. 

'r\ ubb, interjection of pleasure; 

aJp ^\ ulifi 'aUh^ how nice 


^^1 u^i, see ^1 

i.\yo'\ ibtird" , see ^ji- 

jl^iii-l ifjtisdr^ see ^^i- 
(_^l-iii-l ihti>jdi^, see ^Ja>■ 
^^ii-1 i/}tilds^ see ,_^ 

i»:>lii.| ibtildt,see k\i. 

,^%i-\ ihtildf, see ^U 

J^ii-I ibiildl, see Ji- 

jU;-l ibtindq.see j:>. 
jU^I ifjtijdr, see jW 
jii-l (ji-\i 1 abaci, ov ji- /jad, or Ji-I 
a^tt- (jdbud or jdbu2 ), to 
take; .j^j Ji-1 a/iacZ fearcZ, he 
caught cold;,ji-l .ji\en nom 
abadoh, sleep overcame 
him;il j:* Ji-J^*^. e^kUei ma- 
tara bitq&l bt-id 'andak^ it 
is raining hard; Oj ,^ Ji-I 
(^ j-j aMd /■(/ wissoh loe 
giry, he tool< to his heels; 
AcU.^ OJ»-l *.^X— W es sikkyna 
abadet subd'oh, tlie knife 
cut his finger ofi;^jM*^cJJ>'\ 
abad 'alayja ed dars, he 



heard me recite my lesson; 

AJc^Jii-U;l anaahatt^aUh, 
I became familiar with him; 
C-iJ* J^j Ji-I ahad tciss el 
hint, he consummated mar- 
riage ; \'^\} i\) ji-l ahad 

. wayjdh we idda, he had to 
do with him, he bandied 
words with him;4.-i.UAlS^jii-L 
bijdhiul kdm mahyja^what 
pay does he get? ^loi-l ^Pl 
essams aJiadetoh, he had a 
sunstroke, ii-'d^i^, to blame. 
4.-^ J i^\:l ittdhid fynaf- 
soh^he felt hurt. Ji-l"l itdfiis, 
to be blamed, ji-' ahd, act of 
taking;lkej ji-l a/(fZ ice 'a(a, 
businesSjtrade, affairs. .ii-L. 
midh-a, or ,Ji-l^, mudhza, 
blame; ,ii-ly j_^ j. min gir. 
mudfi;^aj or JL-iii-l; U ma 
tidfiisny.s, don't blame me! 
I beg your pardon 1 excuse 
me ! Ji-U mrf/jaxr, place of 
taking, take-off, pi. Ji-U 

j>l (ji-lj) a/jf}ar, io cause delay. 

postpone, keep back; jc-L 
_;^'i:. sa'iy bitaliliar, my 
watch loses time, ji-l; tdbir, 
to move backwards, ji-lilii- 
aJjIjar^io delay,tarry,be late, 
be kept back, go backwards. 
j>-'^\ ittdhir, to be moved 
backwards. ji-l:-. mitafil],ar, 
delayed, postponed, late, 
backward, oiji-l:. mitah,- 
hardt, arrears. ^,^1" iahyr, 
delay, postponement, back- 
wardness, lateness, .^^l:* 
mitdhra^act of moving back, 
ward. j^^\ ahyr, last, ji-l 
dhir, end, lasl, pi. j^\i^a icd- 
l]ir; ji-Vi jfildhir, or Tj^i-I 
aljyran, at last, finally; jp 
j^\''andf}ir, entirely, alto- 
gether; ,j^\ Jl JZa dhroh, 
and so on^ etc.; j^\}^\ J /iZ 
aicdhir, about the end, at 
last; j^>i\el dhar, or ji.\j 
rdhar, the other one, also. 
,j^ld^ira,end;.j^V'; eldl^ra, 
the end, the day of Judg- 
ment. Jl^l ahrdny, the last 



one. ^i-j* tniihir, rear; J-y 
^\.\mi'ihir el markib,siern 
of the sh'ip.i^ ji^iicahry,\ale. 
^^i- 1 a^ras, see ^^i- 
^^ ' //js, r vai- 1 i/jsy, fie ! <ii-'>c^> 1 
i/js 'alik^ fie upon you I I am 
ashamed of you I 
ii-1 ahdar, see ^i^ 
jUii-1 ihtdr, see jU^ 
i_i:i-l ahnaf, see ^:i- 
_^i-l a/iu,an(!iiuyi''ahawyja^scc ^\ 
j^i-^aliyr^ see^i-' 
» icZdra, see jlj 
Oli'«<i(^n, see oj' 
v^' ( v-^^ ) ci(idib, to educate, 
teach manners, v_.jl:!jiaf/di6, 
to be educated, taught man- 
nevs.^^'i^ muacldabfiv^':i\u 
bredj polite, gentlemanly. ^i\ 
adab, education, good man- 
ners, politeness ; dLjl J JL.I 
imsy fy adabak, behave 
yoursell! >^;ilr tadyb,e6u- 
cation,punishment;>_^ii\r ^^.U 
maglis tadyb,coun(:\\ of dis- 
cipline. Aili^jl adabljdna, 

water-closet, pi. cA>^i^ 
adabbandt.j\i^udabdty, in). 
provisatore of street rhymes. 
iJljil idrdk, see i\j:> 

\ci\ iddi'a, see^/j 

'p:^adyam, piebald. 

(often pronounced J. ilum//i(i. 
cZim), mankind, /)i.^ilj^.6ant/ 
ddam,ov^>i\x* minadmyn. 
^.i\ ddamy,hnman, gentle- 
manly,/)i.*jijl aicddim; ^li 
^jljl nds ato(2dJm,respecta. 
ble people. 

O'i^ {oi^.)iddan or adrfin, to call 
to prayer; siJjl lil V.) icala 
iza iddant^ not even if you 
ring the alarm-bell. ^1^1 
addn^ act of calling topra_ 
yer, dawn. 4.oU^ mddna^ 
minaret,pZ. 0-»^j* mawddin, 
ov ^' A»madndt ,j'i ymuad- 
din,o\\c vvhocalls to prayer, 
pi. j>i.>^. miiaddinyn. 
^\}i\adairdt^ articles, materials, 

^)i\adub, see ^i\ 



(Si\ (<^J>) idda ( jiddy ^sec Jac- 

csSi (c^-sSl ) C'dda (jiaddy ), to 
fulfil. 4Jil> tadyja, Mfilmenl. 

tfy\ddy, here! behold I ^^ijlafZy- 
nj/,here I am! ^\,l\ (Si^ddy 
el gawdb, here is the letter ! 
I_^;:.C t>>«ilj (vv:i* adyhum 
rajhyn jikiibu, they are 
going to write now! 
lili^a, if; laf jl^li^l J-a /cdn 
/ctda, if it isso; j,U I. lili*'a 
ma gds, if lie does not come. 
I'il i^'an, therefore, then. 

0^' ((^il;)rt.?an(/'i/.3^mJ,to allow, 
permit. j->l:-l istdsin^io ask 
permission. j.iU masdn, 
allowed, permitted ; j^jiU 
^l5)\ mcuun. cl qddy, re- 
presentative of the qddy^ 
licentiate authorized to 
celebrate marriages, jjij^sri, 
leave, permission, authority, 
pl,^,'-\i2un fi?^'^ ii\isundt\ 
*oV /.»i' id fa' li iznoh, pay 
to his order I 

«iil (tji!.)a^^arytxr(/j,to do harm, 
lorture,injure.<ii\j"liia^a, to 

be done harm to, injured, 
tortured, is illl itazza, to be 
offended, c^jl:* mitazzy, 
offended. Apl a-yja^ harm, 
torture, injury. <^iy mtizy, 
mischievous, pernicious, pi. 
,^(_,i irdda, see jlj 
-jji arha\ and *.;_;( arba'a, and 
(;,>) jl arbi^yn, see »ij 
iJLijI irtibdk, see diij 
rA^jl irtigdg, see ^j 
c-Urjl irtifd\ see «»j 
^SCtjI irtikdb, see ^'G 
artodoksy, appertaining to 
the Greek church, 
^jl (^jL) arra/i, or ^j. tar rah, 
to give ( letter, etc. ) a date. 
^jlJl itarralj, or ^yl 
itlarrah, to be dated, ^jy 
muarrahfiY f-'jc» mitarrab, 
dated. iJ jl; taryf}, date, pZ. 
^jly tawaryb; *<:j^' ^nj'^^ 
tarylioh, today, on the same 
date; Aifijl; (^jy^i jomin 
taryhoh^ these two days. 




ardabb, measure for cereals 
( =197. 7 a cubic litres ), pi. 
y_ji\j\ arddib ov aradibb. 
ment, pl.c\i\cij\ardagandt. 
ardiwd^,* slate. 
irsdl, and JL^I irsalyja, 
see J-.J 

I irsdd, see Jiij 
' arsimandryty* dean. 
I arc/,land,earth , soil, ground, 
|.^J\/"^n aradyh eljdm^where 
is he now?do you know his 
\vhereabouts?,_y.jV! j:^^j>' *'^» 
/idio/i mm taht el ard, yon 
are responsible for him, you 
musl bring him;^;,* Ji-i^. _^» 
^jVI ^<huwajitalla' sugl 
rain taht el ard, he creates 
to the ground ; ^j\ j,i ddr 
ardy , ground floor.A^^jlar- 
dy/a, floor, fee for warehous. 
ing, rental of ground. 
I ur^d^a/capslan^wind-lass, 
pi. olWcjl urgatdt. 

^j\argul, reed pipes, pi. Jcljl 
ij\ arqam, rogue, rascal. 
Jtfjilljl arnau(, Albanians,s9'.J.j*ljl 
arnauty, pi. ^^i^* ardnta. 

^Ijl ar?ia6,hare, rabbit,/)^. ^\j\ 
ardnib, or ^jlil andrib. 

\ijarubba or oro&fea, Europe. 
(^^Ijjl arubbdwy or J.^jl 
oro&6y,European,pi. uji^^i^j' 
arubbawyjyn, or ttfci^j' 
jljl i^dr, see j.__ j 

Jljl i^'iita, see Jlj 

(^Ij' i^^'cty, howl (^\j\ J/l a'mi7 
i^'^d.y, what shall I dol <^lj| 
\s>jz2:dj baq-a, how then! tiji 
j>.3'ay,how?dJbJI izzayjak, 
how are you? b o^J^ J *ii»jl 
izsayjak fil bit da, how do 
you like this house'^what do 
you think of this house? 

i\jjjl izdijdd, see ^IJ 

jjjl azraq, see j^j 
jtjl as^ar, see jcj 

J., jl a^mt/Z, chisel, pi. J:*ljl a^a. 



j»jl(jl J^)axhar (gdrnVel), 

see j» j 
dCJ^cL^yn, mean, miser, pl.\ij\ 

J^ds, ace ( in playing cards ), 

pi. C<L.I asAt, 
^J-Hss, and ,_^UI asds, see ^-1 

••L.I is(ia, see A- I 


JU-' isbdty, or JL- sibdty, club 
(in playing cards). 

spinach. [ 

aJI^-I isbitdlja' hospital, /)Z. 1 

vlUli^l isbitaljdt ; iJl:.-! 

^'i,\^\isbitdljet elmagazyb, 

lunatic asylum; Jlii^Jl:.-! Js6i. 

tdlja naqqdly^held hospital. 
yj^Msbirto," alcohol. 
AkA^I isbalyta' epaulette, shoul- 

der.sir&i),pl.]ii'j^\isbaldj it. 
«-^^l asbu\ see »«- 
t-Ujl-I isbyddg, orr-^-^^t- sibyddg, 

J^l:-! istanbid, or *jl:-l ustdna^ 

Constantinople. J^li-I is_ 

tanbdly, Constantinopoli- 

tan^ Turkish ; i^j:!lt-l »>- 

satra istanbtily, Turkish 


islibddd, see Jj 


istibddl, see Jjb 






istigldb, see_U 


istigwdb, see ^^U 




isij/isdn,see j^^». 


istih(idr,see ^<a»- 


istihqdq,see j^ 


istihddm^ see(.J<J- 


istihfdf, see ._ii- 


isiidrdA:, seeilji 


isii(iMi,see Ji 


istirdha, see^lj 




istirgd\ see ^j 


istirydja * oystevs. 


istisqa,see j^ 


istisdra,see jU 


istishdd,see Ji^ 


istiswdb, see wU 


isti'dna, see ^\c 


isti'^bddjSee xs- 


istVgdl,see J^ 




sti'^dddj see Jc 
stCrdd, see ij,ji 
siVfa, see jp 
sti'mdl, soo J-f* 
sticjrdb, see^ji- 
'stugummdja, see j_^** 
stigna, see ^^^ 
stifrdg, see iji 
Istifhdm^ see -^» 
stiqdma, sec *\» 
'stiq^a, see^^ 

stimdra* printed form, 

pi. Olj\j-l istimardt. 

istindd^ see Ju- 

js^Jn?(J^, see jiti 

istinfd\ see .j; 

istihwa, see tj^» 

istudd\ and ^'V^* istydd'', 

see ^J5 
^'r"' istdfa, or «^k-l istdfa* 

stuff, material for uphols- 
tering furniture. 
jUtlL. I fs i f/9'(i r , see _,»- 1 
dU-l ust.6k, see di-ljT 
oViS-l jsif/nd/', see c_i;i 

j^\ (^l.) asar {Jysir)^ or ^l:-.l 

istdsaTj or ^-^1 isiajsar^ 

to take captive or slave, j-l 
wsr, or ^-)y?isr, captivity, 
bondage, jf- 1 as{/r, or j*-j 
jasyr, or j_j^U masur, 
captive, slave, pl.\j^\ usara, 
or l^-j j usara ^ or jij^-U 
masuryn. ^^j^^. J(^syrgy,,/)^. *^_>-j::^. J^- 
^-1 ((_^-l)ass;s, to found, es- 
tablish. ^-«\;l /Cassis, to be 
founded, established. ,j— ^ 
muassas,or ij^A:,mitassis, 
founded, established, ^-ll 
tasys, foundation, establish- 
ment. i^Ulasds, foundation 
of a building, base, depdt, 
origin, data, pi, oLLi asa- 
sdt. ^_y,\ jss, basis, cause; J/' 
^-li \jr^amalkidabi issu- 
hum, he did this on their 

J-k-1 isfabl* stable, pi. O^i.k-1 

**k-«l ishibba* tow, waste,oakum. 

ol«-.l i.s-'d/", see t_i«-. 
._ju.l . v..ji-lil ( w»-l:> ) llassif^ to 



grieve, be sorry. UiAumit- 
assif, regretting, sorry, 
grieved.^- 1 asaf, regret, 
sorrow, grief. 

»iJi-l asfalt* asphaltum. 

^iJ isfing, or ^siflng* spon- 
ges, sg. *#?-! isfingafir aM" 
sifinga^pl. oli^l isfingdt, 
ov cJ^" sifingAt. 

^){L.\asf!/n, wedge. 

J»l2-I isqdt, see Ll- 

>\asquf* bishop, pi. *.i»Ul 
asdqfa; AiiLl ^Jj ray j is 
asdqfa, archbishop, ji-l 
asqufy, episcopal. 4_.ij-| 
(i^q<-i'fyj<^, bishopric. 
iskdrafir»J^^sikdra 'grid- 
iron, pi. c.\j^^\ iskardt. 
iskdfii, cobbler, pi. ^jg^^l 

iskumry, or i^jC sukum- 
ry* kind of salted fish. 

-(J-X-l Iskamla' footstool, pi. 

^'^J iskamldt. 

ttj^^l iskindiryja, Alexandria, 

^IjxCl iskandardny, 

Alexandrian; j];jiiri. I .u-saw' 

iskandardny, hees' wax. \ 

^■^1 iskonto* discount. ! 

A^-l isldm, see U 

x«l ism, see jj* ; 

jC"l asmar, see ji?* | 

^-cl ismant* cement. ; ; 

J^(,-l /s/j4Z, see Jj^ 

3.>-"l iswid, see i_j-. ■ 

ej^-' iswira, bracelet, cuff of a 

shivt, pi. J i\^\ asdwir. 

ji"^ isiiny, water of cistern, 

reservoir or well. 

»^-l iswa, equal to; ^-i.) ;^-l is- 

twei ba\fuhum^ equal to one 

another, like each other. 

^-'as^r, see j^l 

^1 isSj indeed! dear me! 

»ji-l isdra, see yil 

*cl-il /s(:i'a, see s-Li 

^j:-il istiha,see^^^± 

jL1j.| istijdq, see jLi 
■f , 
j-i' (^li ) assar^to mark, sign, 

put a visa upon, annotate. 
ytl'l itassar^ to be marked, 
signed, annotated, j^y mu- 
assar^ marked, signed, an- 
notated. jUl; tasyr, mark. 





sign, signature, annotation, 
annotation, pl,z,\j\z.\ isardt-^ 
4 J I J'\s,j[i I isd ra t i lig rafyja, 
telegram. ^j-j^\ isargy, or 
^^jli.1 isaratsy, signalman, 
pi. '..y-j^\isargyja,oTi,.i.j\i.\ 
isaratsyja.jA^\ asdjir^h&n^ 
ners of Mohamedan religious 
j\^\ asrdq, seo jjj, 
^jJi\ asram, see *jj 
j.ijil asrang4q, kind of millet, 
jl^l Js'cJr, see j.i 
jSi: asqar, and ^\j..^\asqardny, 
see jii 
*.Cil ishamba,ov kS^sakamba* 
tripe, soup made of small 
pieces of meat, 
jljik^l ismisdz, see jc- 
jljJll liihdr^ see _,f.i 
Jpi aswal, see Jp 
*.L»I /.sdfea, sec ._.l-» 
CiUL»I istlndtj see ^^ 
^lilk.*! istildh^see ^-^ 

ji^I axfar, and JljUl ai^fardny, 

see jJ^ 
J-»\ a.sZ, origin, root, pL J^^l 
ws(H; Jj-sl ws!/i, the right 
thing,laws, regulations; J^-»l 
j.^^;-j tisj'ii toe liusiim, debit 
and credit;J^VIw— *• Jc'ato 
hasab el uml, according to 
rules, in the right manner; 
origin of it, at first, in the be. 
ginning;J^l ^'\^>-jrdgil Ibn 
asl, man of good family; ,'j^ 
^}^\ j-^U kaldm ma lus asl, 
nonsense, lies; J-»Vlo!^ enta 
el asi,-you are the cause of it; 
j,i) ^^\j ^j^kadddb fyasl 
wlssohj he is a confounded 
liar! ^^\ as Ian, never; U 
^L*l iji^ii-i ma kifttts aslan, 
I never saw him.J.*lasZ«/,or 
Jlil-a I asZttnt/, original, pi. 
a<Xa\ aslyjyn, or (ji.i^Ula.*- 
^^"-yjyn. ^j.^\ asyl, or J^U 
mMOk-.saZ,noble,of good birth. 

^%f\ isldh, see i-" 
^\ a!<amm, see ^ 

Ci\)^\ aswdn, Assouan. Jj"'^-'! 



aswanly^ appertaining to 

J-elast/i_,see j^| 
ajUI iddfa, see ^\^ 
Jl^l arldlja^ see o^^ 
Oi^l at run ^ see (ij^jij 
^:5U,l?<ti/<l', see^ 
j^U,lf/M<7, see jU. 
,_^la^Zas,* satin, atlas, pi. ^U.1 

^il a?yar, see j\t 

i^\c\ i^dna, see ^^Ic 

jLIpI f'tibdr, see jkc- 

jliltl iHizdr^ see_)ic 

j_p,lj;p| Vtirdd^ see j_p>jC 

eiljvtl Ti/rd/, see^^p 

iliifrl i'tigdd, see Aic- 

ji^pI iHimdd, see jl/' 

^iLtl i'tijddy, see j^t 

^Ijicl i^ddm, see ^ Je 

^jtlaVa^-, see^/ 

^1 iy^t, see je 
u>*«l i'Mn^see^^lc 
tr^l a'Tnak, see JL-^ 
,/! a'ma, see ^ 

jjt-\ a'^war, see jjf- 
\(-\ aga* eunuch, esquire, pi, 
C>i\l\ agaicdt, 
itkitl igdsa, seeJilc 
ji-\agbar, seejji 
JLe-l aghds, see jl.p 
ly-l j^ra, see ^^ 
^_^ agostos* August. 
^Itl aglab, sec ^li. 
li^l /p-ma, sea mF- 
^\uff,oh 1 ne! 
.^Ul {/"(ida, see jU 
jl^l 'flibdr,seejl 
\ji\ iftira^seQf^j 
^j.\J»\ iftirds,see^J 
^jiljol iftirdd, see ^_,> 
jljUl iftirdq,see Jj 
JU»li/'^iVJ7, see Jij 
2^1 ji I if rag, see ^^ 
^jjl afrang, see ^ J 
*ii;yl a frank /see Si J 
jil ufuqy, horizontal. 
(ij^il a/andi/jEffendi, gentleman, 
pi. AjAyi afandyja; liJc»l 
afandyna^U\s Highness the 
^ I dfa, damage,defect,plague^ 




pi. vlilil afdt. 
Ciyi\0'fjiinj opium. jyj\afjij,ny, 
or ^^yJ\ afjungy, opium- 
eater, pl_ o^Jl afj'unyja. 
jLaijI iqiisdr^ see ^^ 
Uil iqtida, see ^^ 
c^liJl iqtind\ see >i:» 
jlyl iqrdr, see J 
Ai\aqlym, province, pi. Jl»l 

aqalym . 
^;| agga, see ^5^ 
■iS'l akdbir, see jii' 
sj:s^iktitdb, see ^:i 
^L.i.'>ri^^i«^6> see ^^^ 
jAi-jTl iktisdf, see *_il.S 

«;^l akta\ see ^ii-'T 
j_/S\okt6har* October. 

jT^jSTL) akkid, to assure, 
confirm ; JJ.^^. I* -J^t Jc J!>1 
akkid ^alal loalad ma 
jlgybs, warn tlie boy not to 
belatel j5u1 itakkid, to be 
assured, confirmed ; ^> j.'Tli 
Ij jjkl itakkid min el fia- 
6ar da, ascertain this newsl 
j^\ akydfiT^yt muakkad, 
certain, sure. juH" takyd, 

assurance; sf\: ^ hi kull 
takyd, certainly, for sure. 

♦I_^ ikrdm, see »f^ 

j^S\aksyr^ touchstone;ji-^w>i 
dahab aksyr^ pure gold, 
24-carat gold; j<S'i\elak- 
syr, elixir, 
jri (jCl.) a/«aZ, or ^ kal (Jd- 
kul), to eat; t:^ J>\ akal 
muhhoh,^'he got round him"; 
^jlil\ J^ akal el filus, he 
squandered the money, he 
embezzled the money; J^ 
asIc akal 'alqa, he got a 
licliing ; ^.-i-l slJS^Ul el 
mayja kalet elgisr, the 
water scoured the banli; jTX 
cS^^{i Jdkul we juskat, 
sand-flies. jVr akkil, or Jf] 
wakkil^ to feed, give to eat, 
Z^\elgaj;ma ittdklet,lhe 
shoe is worn out. j/\. ma- 
kiM, eaten; J/£'ti,eata- 
ble, pi. ^>}f\* makuldt. Jfl 
akl, act of eating, food; jTs 
JL-t akl '^6', act of gaining 




one's livelihood. A^akla, 
a meal, pi. ^:^\ akl/it. jf\ 
akkyljg\nHon,pl.j^\ akky- 
lo.. C)'^\akaldn, itching, 
bugs. jTl'ma/c/cuZ, scouring. 
^^\aklyl^ see JlT' 
Tl akam, sec C 

^ ikminn,see ojr'' 
iSj'^/\'ikivdry,see jjo- 

xf\akyd, see jTi 

^:^akkyl, sec JS"! 
JleZ, the; J^l el walad, the 
boy; jtj.5^*U.^I el walad el ki. 
by r, the big boy;j!^^..W< eT 
ioatorf,the house of the boy. 

J ' dl, possessor of ; .jo-Ji dl 
l}ibra, expert, experts. 

^' illa^ but, except, unless; VI 
cJl ilia en ia^but you, except 
you ; Xi ^)j \ VI JU qdl 
ilia aruh loayjdh, he in- 
sisted that I should go with 
him; i.,jJ>^\ a.:* JJlTl. ma 
kdnhminnoh ilia daraboh^ 
the first thing he did was 
to strike him, he could not 
help striking him. 

JV aldty, see A I 

<9-Vl aldga* striped material of 

cotton and silk. 
OVI ekln, see cj\ 

t^'^l aldj, regiment, pi. viWi 
alajdt ; (S)i\jy myraldj* 
colonel, pi. c^Wljumyra- 
lajdi ; iS'i^Q\^.^myddn aldj, 
military review. 
*lj;!\ iltisdm, see*jl 
C.laJ\ iltifdt, see j<i5 
j_^ljU iltimds, see ^ 
wl^\ iltihdb, see ^i 
J-l e%,' ambassador, pZ. j-Vl 

jlA-l ilhdq^ see jl- 
i^Maldag, see ^j5 
C)\}M ildiwdn* glove, p^ wUjJI 
<^ jll eito^?/, who;Ai«(i j]li ijjijJS'l 
a/caZ toe strife wilUxsy min. 
noh, he ate and drank and 
was pleased. 
fj^aUam,see *j 
*!LJi\ alista* ready, in perfect 
»-*i\(t^li) allif, to compose^ 




be com posed, compiled^writ- 
ten.u!i\:j>mitallif, composed, 
compiled, wrilten.,jJ\;fc(Z^/', 
composition, compilation , 
book,/)i.wiJ ^taalyf, or >lJ^\j 
talyfdt. wi)j« muallif^ au- 
thor, compiler, pi. 0!}^>* 
^^^alf, thousand, pi. ^)\ ul&f, 
or ^liVl alafdt; i}jy^^\ jii 
kattaralfb^rak^a thou- 
sand thanks ! 

4iJ\ iZ/ia, see ^V 

4III aiW/i, see *ll 

1J\ illy,vfho masc. and fem.,sg. 
and i3i. ; j,U I. Jll J*^-.- \;l 
ana mabsAt illy ma gds, I 
am glad he did not come. 
i| (i\,) dlim , to pain,be painful. 
ilrl itallim, to feel pain. ^\ 
alam, pain. 

ji\almci£, or ^\i.l almds, dia- 
mond, sg. ,jlU almdsa,pl. 
almdZj asparagus. *;jlU ai- 
mazyja, kind of sweet jelly. 

4II. (*ll; 45b) taallah, or «J\;i 


itallah, to be deified. <Jl:. 
mitallah, deified, haughty, 
lofty. 4)1 i74/i, a deity,a god. 
<ij| alldh, God ; <ij| 4Ji\ alldh 
alldh ^how grand 1 how nice! 
*ie ^\ c^_ 6^i aZW/i 'aZ^/i, a 
fine house; -uil I yaZto,let us I 
w^i 4x1 \) Jalla nltab, let us 
play ! 7-^j 4ui \j yaZto rui^, you 
must go now! j^MIaJjI \, jalla 
janta^ I wish you would I 
<Ji lilldh^ freely, gratis, 'A\ 
allahumma, on the condi- 
tion that, provided that.(^3^\ 
alldwy, simple-minded, pi. 
Ai)'ji\ allaicyja. 
^dla, tool, instrument, ma- 
chine, pi. vi-V \ aldt ; 
^jL a) I diet tarab, musical 
instrument ; AtLi- jj 1 diet 
fjijdta, sewing machine ; 
4j jlii 4! I dla buliaryja, steam 
engine ; *j>3\j 4 \ dla rdfa, 
lifting machine. ^Vl aldty^ 
native musician or singer, 
pi. aJVI alatyja. 




Jl ila,to;C)\^^\ila inn,until that. 

%\ umm, mother^ pi. yL>\^\um- 
mahdt ; JmJ f I umm qirs, 
worth a piastre; a.I di* b^ 
ummoh, Bey by courtesy; 
J»:W\ (.1 umm el faldfil, 
cakes of mashed beans fried 
in oil; Jjltl *l umm elhuliil, 
mussels; ji/s^lMmm quw^q, 
owl ; u<«ijlj 4.«|_,l »i amm 
arba'a we arbVyn, centi- 
pede, small insect said to 
have 44 feet; jj^l J umm el 
unld, matrix; A,\Jc^[c<jbur.. I 
tuqdn 'ala ammo/i, oranges 
on the tree ; ^Ij /.I umm we 
abb, at all, completely, en- 
tirely ; jX\ ^\umm. el hibr, 
cuttle-fish ; jyz}\ (.1 umm es 
su'iir, weeping-willow. **l 
umma, nation, pi. .\umam;\ 
^\ j_^l; nds amam, crowds of 
people. Lj>.l ummy, illiterate, 

^1 am either^ or. 

\*\ amma, but, as regards;^ Ul 
rij'.u'i'^y' amma huwa ma 
biddus JurAh,ix% for him he 

does not wish to go;^. \:> l.l 
^^Vamma da bH ^dly, what 
a high house this is ! how 
high this house is 1 aiI [,\ 
amma ^, what then ? 1. 1 
imma,either, or; iJU*^l 1>U 
imma hena aio hendk^ 
either here or there. 

,jU| imdra and amdra, see y'\ 

JUI ummdl, or Jl.l ummdly, of 
course, certainly; JJicU* JUl 
\i» ij^ ummdl myn illy kdn 
hena, who was here then? 

»l.l amdm,in front of; .jkiil\ j.UI 
amdm, el gan(ara,upstream 
the bridge. 

»Ul imdm, leader in prayer, 
Mohamedan priest. 

oUl amdn ,ain6i:A»\amdna,see^»\ 

U.I am feet, seelJl 

jr-jU*l imbdrih, yesterday. 

j^Lljv.1 imbiratdr* emperor, /)i. 

>0:j,)^'jm' imbiratoryn. 

*dJjk'j>«l imbiratoryja^QXn- 

pire, pi. ol.^^J»ljul jm&i- 

(ijlaS"! imtihdn, see j^rf 





ilx*l imtiddd, see Ju 

^..1 imtila, see % 
*:iAcmta, or ^»\ em tan, when "^ 
js£ Ai.lem^a J^5'y, when will 
he come ? *:.l j. mm emta, 
since when? (^U 4i.l ^. min 
emta gdj\ he will not be 
long coming. 

j^«l imtijds , see jv. 

i'J-'^ imddd, see J,, 
i/** ( ^^l ) amar (jt'imur ), to 
order, command. ^\l\ itam- 
mar, to be imperious. j|v.\: 
tamyr, or .jUI imdra, au- 
thority, imperiousness. ^^1 
amr, order, command, pi. 
^^\}\awdmir; ^^lamr, busi- 
ness, affair, pi. j^.l umur-^ 
Jift y»\ A-.i; j jTli fdkir fy 
nafsoh amr 'asym, he 
thinks a great deal of him- 
self. jy\* mamiir, delegate, 
representative, official, pi 
jijyi' mamiiryn ; ■f^. j^U 
mamtir markas, officer in 
charge of a district ; jy\» 
jjjy mamCir bolys, Police 

officer in charge of a pro- 
vince. Atj^«l« mamuryja, 
mami'tr's office, mission, pi. 
o\jj^.U mamuryjdt. »jUl 
am(^ra,sign, token, pl.Z^\j\*\ 
amardt. j^»\ amyr, prince, 
pi. \^\ umara ; j^V-'y^ 
amyrjali&r, or jy-^iy or 
^-.'J»-ljr(i^ii amyr, noble- 
man, gentleman, man of res- 
pectability, man of honour. 
_,£j,. mtitamar, congress, 
^j^\ams, yesterday. 

ilU.I imsdk, and Af[^\imsakyja, 
see iii— 

j<.L»\amsyrj 6th month of the 

Coptic calendar. 
U.l imda, see ^^il. 

cj€i>\ imkdn, see ^;^ 
J«i amal, orj^.l. mamriZ,hope, 
desire ; J.l ,J,^ U ma lus 
amal, he has no hope ; ^\j 
^l::53\ J.l talaf amal el 
kitdb, he ruined the book, 
he completely spoiled the 

book; pj-^ J' J«V I el amal 
min haijritkum, or J^\ll 
,. el mamul min 


hadritkum, I beg of you, 
you are requested. 

!>l.l imla, see J« 

J. \ {^>\i) dmin, to believe in, be 
faitliful, be safe a»1 ammin, 
to confide, intrust. ^^.V:-! 
istdmin^io consider faithful, 
intrust; 4IU L auIi-I istdmi- 
noh 'ala mdloh, he intrusted 
him with his fortune. ij,y> 
mutaman , trustworthy, 
safe. ;jj,.l; ^amyn, confidence, 
caution-money ,deposit,sec_ 
\iv\i^ , pl.zA:.-'^tamyndt. ^»\ 
amn, or c^m\ amdn, safety, 
security. AiUlamdna, fidelity, 
faithfulness ; aiUI amdna, 
deposit, security, pi, zX\»\ 
amandt. cf\ am i/n,faithful, 
lionest, store-keeper, amen, 
el gumrukj director of the 
custom-house ; Jjj:-J\ ^^^.I 
amyn essdnddq^ treasurer. 


oUl«/m<in,faith, belief ,creed; 

O^S"^' u* *'^'^*'^ ^^ naddfa 
min el ymdn, cleanliness 
is next to godliness. ^y» 
miimin, faithful, believer, 
pi, ij^-^y> muminyn. 
l^\ umma, see %! 
^\^.\amhdi, see^ 
j^,\amyr, and j^i-li jj»l amj/r- 

jahdr, see _,.! 
^»\amyn, see^^.l 
JT ((^jjl.) dn (juxin), to be time; 
Ol^VI Cii^. ^ lamma juun el 
awdn,vihen the proper time 
comes. c^i\ awdn, time, sea- 
son. Ci^\ el dn, now, at 
present ; ^Vl ^. min eldn, 
from now ; ^^1 HI dn, 
until now. 
^1 inn, that, if; ^\s- *il JU giZ 
innoh ^ayjdn, he said he 
was sick; U* ^2)1^ 4^1 mn kdn 
hena, if he ishere;^V liann 
or tamn, because; ^1 Jc 'ala 
inn, that,while; JL.AilJc^.^iT' 
(f\c>-katab 'ala innoh mus 
gdj\he wrote that hewas not 





\i\ ana, I. ^\\enta,ihoa masc,- 
cJl enty^ thou fern. \:>.\ 
ihna^ we. ^zil entu, or ^1 
entum, you. 
ii\ anba ,orWamba,*Reverend. 
JoL-Jl inhisdt^ see L-j 
I»^-Manfc?/(, or -l»^«l amb{it* 
little by little ( Alexandria 
dialect ). 
^;1 enta and en<t/_, see l;l 
,L:tl intibdh ,^QQ a,; 
j\k;;l m^t^tir^see^ 
*lk:il intizdm, see JiJ 

^1 entum, and ^il eniu, see li'l 
*s.ilor J^^\ antyka* antique, 
ancient, pi. wlijiM or »i.l^il 
antykdt ; ^6^M J».|j rdgfji 
antyka, an old fashioned 
man, an old man. ajU- *j^;I 
antyhdna, museum, pi. *X^\ 
^l,liU. antyhandt. 
ji.\angar, copper plate, pi, 
«jjljrf.| ingiraryja,see ^ 
jjlffl or jjS^I m5'i7</^,the English 
(people); jjUV I i%\ bilddel 


ingilys, England, ^jjlf I or 
(^jvSCl ingilyzy, English. 
an^'i/Z^gospel, /)LJ-»-li| ana. 
gyl. J-il angyly, appertain, 
ing to the Gospels, Evange- 
lical, /)i. o^Jufl angylyjyn- 
inhiddr, see jj»- 
inhirdf, see oj>- 
in^i'dg', see^j 

( tr*^- ) ^'^'^^ ''° '^^ sociable, 
entertain pleasantly ;li-JI^M 
enta dnistina, you have 
given us the pleasure of 
your society 1 we are glad 
to see you! ^jj) wannis, to 
keep company, be the com- 
panion of a lonely person, 
^^y\ it wannis, to have a 
companion. *^]\y> mudnsa, 
sociableness, intimacy. ^^ 
Loanas, society, company 
( to a lonely person), ^il 
uns, social life, politeness, 
affability. ^A uns or ins, 
mankind. ^<,Ji\ insy, apper- 
taining to mankind ( as 
distinguished from ghosts), 




human. ^^^I anys, sociable, 
affable, o^-'l insdn, man, 
gentleman. AiUil insdna, 
gentlewoman, lady. ^j.\', 
nds, people, pi. o\-l! 
nasdt;^\^\ 'tSj^O'j €n nds, 
in a decent manner, in a 
respectable manner; ^•.^\ 
j_^U\ (^J iktib ::aj en nds, 
write properly I ^\i\ (^J t-'j 
rdh saj en nds, he vvent 
to ease nature; ^lJ\ 
^ammet en nds, the public; 
^UU fAcj rVd' en nds, the 
lower classes. *jl-JI insa- 
nyja, humanity, politeness, 
affability, courtesy. 

tiji insa, sec .li 
»-l^l insirdh^ see ^ ,i 
^1^1 insirdf^ see^j^ 

^Ul in^dm, and a^UI in^amyja, 

see .1 
ili«il inHqdd, see j.IC' 

>_iJl . L_iil:-I ( ^;l:-j ) istdnif, 
to appeal against the judg- 
ment of a lower tribunal. 
oliiI-1 islyndf, appeal; 

ol;ii-Vl *^ mahkamet el 
istyndf, court of appeal. 
._i;l:-. masittni/', appellant, 
pi. ^»i;l:-.. mustanifyn. 
AJftt-iiU-* mtistdnaf ^aUh^ 

jljiil infirdd^see ij 

JUiil infisdl, see J«a> 

JUiil infi'^dl, see J»> 

jjilzn anqdd, see ^s; 

plks.M inqitd\ see »k» 

j^SCil inkdr, see Jyo 
Ul innama, see jl 
^j;l m/ia, petition, pi. oll^;! 

ilLjil uihimdk^ see dl** 

j\any, which? di:., ^., J I 

any b^t bitak, which house 

is yours? aJT^ ^Ij 0^""=^ J* 

any hosdn rdjihtirkaboh, 

which horse will you ride? 
.* .' .* .* 

jl . jl;i(jl:. ) itanna, or Jli-I 

istaanna,ov ij:.^\ istanna, 
to wait, expect ; U» .Ul-1 
istanndh hena, wait for 
him here! J I" taanny, 
patience, slowness. 




anys, see ^j-il 
ct/i, ah! 
ahdly, see J»l 
ihdna, see jU 
ahbal, see J.» 
ah tarn, sec J^* 

Jftlrl ( JaI:, ) itahhil, to 

become married. J»^' 
istdhil, to deserve, merit, 
be worth; vilJ.»U-J !:> ^l:^\ 
eZ kitdb da jistdhlak, 
this book is worthy of 
you ; 4.slc J*l:^) yt huwa 
j istdhil 'alqa, lie wants 
a licking. J*\t. mitahhil, 
married. J»li— mistdhil^ 
deserving, worth. J»It 

taahhul, marriage. J*l 
a/ii, family, parents, /)i. 
JUI a/i<iZi/ ; oiJ\ J»\ ahl 
el bit, the inmates of the 
house ; »j<.^ J*' a/i/ bibra, 
expert, experts; JU' *-jJl. 
madrasa ahdly, jjrivate 

school ( as distinguished 
from Government schools); 
^A* (lUI a/idij/ masr^ the 

natives of Cairo, the inha- 
bitants of Cairo. ^k\ahly, 
appertaining to the family, 
native, indigene ; aJ*! *x*s 
mahkama ahlyja, native 
tribunal. aA*I ahlyja^ ap- 
titude, worthiness. S^»l 
ah Ian, or S^^.^^ S^»l a/iton 
r«e sahlan, welcome I 
dl S^»l ahlan bak, you are 
i.^\ahammyja, see jf 
r-^»l a A wag, see ^-^ 
jlaio, or, unless. 
Cj\i\ awdti, see ^^jl 
Ijijl 6hera* opera. 
»i.>l (5(ia, or A.ijl drfa, room, p^ 
ijl uwad, or (_^^l uwCcd; li)\ 
.y dde^ n(5m, bed room; 
•ji- ;jjl (5(iei sufra, dining 
*i.jjlor(a,' battalion, pZ. J^j^l 

dLjjl ornik," form, printed form, 

pattern, /)/. ^iJlJ jl aranyk. 
f-^i^osting* levelling instru- 
ment, pi. o\f^jl ostingdt. 




A-jl os(a/ master artisan, cook, 
coachman, /)i. .il^k-^ osta- 
w&t, j^j_^l (j'-j' os(a el wa- 
6ar,engineer of the steamer. 

^)\ oda, see ojl 

**jl wiqqd, see -uj 

*;»jl awqyj'a, see aJj 

•^1 <5fera, handle, bell-pull. 

Jjl auwil, first,beginning;JiVI 
elauwil, or JV^VI elauwi- 
Idny, the first, the former, 
pl.a<j)l 3)i\el auwalanyj yn ; 
Jjl Jji auwilbi aufcii, as 
soon as, proportionately, « 
/'or ef d mesure-^ ^)j,^ U Jjl 
auwil majurtih, as soon as 
he goes; rj\^\ ^i^ auwil im. 
Mrii^,the day before yester. 
day;^jL.I Jjl ^})\auwil au- 
wil im MnTi^three days ago; 
«UJjl auwil hdm, in the 
first place, firstly; Jjl »W 
'(im enauwil^ last year; J3I 
Jjl flp auwil "dm en auwil, 
year before last ; J>'\ je- ,]i\ 
auwil "an d^ir, entirely, 
in all, altogether ; JjVI^ 




m in el auwil,from the first, 
from the beginning. 9j' au- 
walan, at first, firstly, in 
the first place. mJjI auwaly- 
j'a, priority. 

I onbdsa* corporal,/)^. A-iUjI 
onbaSyJa; Jt^j' ^^^wakyl 
onbdsa, lance-corporal. 

1 d/i, interjection of pain or 
ojon* a game, a playing^ pZ. 

ol;^.i' oj'ondt. 
iy, particle joined to the 
personal pronoun; ^:5j i)U 
iyjdk tiktib, I warn you 
not to write lj*U ^ld\ en nets 
iydhum, the same people, 
the people you know. 

I iy, indeed 1 really ! 
aj, that is to say; jj t^l o/" 
na'am, yes, certainly; 0' <^' 
aj inn, that is to say. 
i/y<i6,return; ^U^ v».Ui i/ju" 
tazkara zihdb we yj'db^ 

return ticket. 

f^iW/-, seeoV 

ygdb, see wjl<»- 




j\^\ijgdr, see j>-\ 

oji ^-^yjayjid, to confirm, ju I; i 
itayj id, io be confirmed. Jij^« 
muayjad, ov ^{\umitayjid, 
confirmed. Jul; tayjyd, con. 

JO I y d, or Jijcidd, hand, handle, 
pl.:i.-^}yd^^, 01' i$i\i}0'jAdy; 
aI^.- jJl) I. TYiA hiljadd hyla, 
it cannot be helped ; Ujiil ^» 
VVja* "^"^ f/d/i« mm rig^- 
laha, in a haphazard way, 
carelessly ; .Jul Jc^ilS^-jl-ll 
ei mCisdla kdnet "ala ydoh, 
he had a knowledge of the 
whole affair; J\t^l i ^>\^ ^j 
ru/i ''Ctla ydak essimdl, go 
to the left ! J^ j j (^ Ji. 1 1^ ^U5J\ 
elkitdbda ydy we rigly, 
I cannot do without this 
book; (^Oji o^ ^» /ituoa taht 
ydy, he is under my orders, 
he is my subordinate; j ji-( 
iJjul ei haqq fy ydak,or jll 
iJ julei haqqbi ydak, yon are 
right, you are in the right; 
iJjkj ju-\i Uij rabbina jdliiid 



bijaddak^mtiy God help you ! 
.ji»-lj a.l |f hum yd wdhda^ 
they are of one accord ; iJjuJ 
^_^J)i\) iCt ydak minnoh wil 
ard^ do not count on him! he 
is not to be relied upon; j« 
iJojl min ydak J you are the 
cause; o ail j/rf benna, pen- 

^r, sexual organ in the male, 
yrdd, see jjj 

i/r(t;i,king, pi.oliljMyrarKif; 
s^lj-.l -^\c Alji dawla 'alyja 
yrdn, Imperial Persian 
Government. j\jA yrdny, 
Persian, pi. ^j\j,Jy ran yjyn. 
\i ^[\)djis, to despair of, 
risk; •j^^kj^-i'^* huwa djis 
''ala \imroh, he despairs of 
his life, he risks his life.^^j U 
midjis, one who is in des- 
pair, one who risks, a— »U 
midjsa, despair, risk;l<-» (^i 
i.^i\. dy fyha midjsa, this 
is risky. 
I ^s, see *jl 




jtiC\ ykingy* second ; t$Vlj/=^\' 
ykingy aldj, the second 
regiment; ls)\ ^j^^,^ ykingy 
el qalam,the subxhief of the 
^\c\ymdn, see ^,\ 
^\H,see u}» 

'dio 12 i, what do you want? 
-ul lilil. mdlak i, what is the 
matter with you % *>! ^^ala 
e, what for? ^_r'^u* *;* ^ "^'^ 
nds, what a crowd ! ajJJo!! 

All JVlj enia fyewallafyi, 
attend to this important thing 
first liDU^^ii es Mlak, how 
do you do? iJjiie ^A 4s ^an- 
da/f ,what have you got?J[jj 
dl! JU ^s ^di to/f^ what dij 
he tell you? 
lyjayim, yes!V f^.i ly.l f^.ydi 
a^ioa ice j6m la, ever; 
other day. 
C}\y\ ywdn, hall^saloon^ joi.wlH 

w* = 6 

' b or fa j^ for, by, at, with, also 
signof tiie present tense; J^jii 
bi qirs, for one piastre ; 4i\j 
billdhi, by God! JJl; v-il 
laqetoh bil lei, I met him 
at night; ^\i,^\.JakUih bil 
malh, tliey eat it with salt; 
^L bijdkul, he eats; I.^L*-) 

bijVmilu, they do. 
wl bdb, door, chapter, subject^ 
JU\ u^U\ elbdbeVdly, th 
Sublime Porte; w-U\ ljj\ 
iktibha wara el M6,bear i1 
in mind ! remember this I 
45)1 ^\i j^ J,j.ij Myii 'ato Mb 




alla^ a poor man, a man in 
the hands of God; v_.l; J^^V 
<Iil Idbis 'a la bdb alia, care- 
lessly dressed ; jlLil ^J[^\ ^. 
min el bdb lit. tag, for no 
reason, without provocation; 
I^Lij-VI wl ^^> m in bdb el ih- 
tijdt, by way of precaution; 



b^t min bdboh, a' 

separate"house,ahouse with 
a separate entrance; ^^ z^_ 
*u»-^!\ \X bet m in bdbet alf 
gin^, a house worth about 
one thousand pounds, wl'^; 
bauicdb, door-keeper, pi. 
ut>yy, bauwabyn.^i^'jibauLod. 
6a,gate,pZ. ^\>\ybauwabdt\ 
U bdba' papa; 1,1, bdba, Pope, I 

pi. vLljU babawdt 
iAibdba, second month of the 
Coptic calendar. 
^^\; bab{ig * slippers, pi. ^\y_ 

jy\t babixr* see j^lj 
^!y_l, bab^mjp',* camomile. 
^^. (^l) ^'^^f or z^^ batjjit , to 
pass the night in a place. ^A. 

bdjit, one who passes the 
night, one who stays for the 
niglit; j^Ij jLp'e.4 Wyj7, stale 
bread. oL bajdt, or q^i ba. 
jatdn, act of passing the 
night. j^_ bet, house, home, 
family, pi. O^-, bujut ; J»l 
^y^ ah I el bet, the inmates 
of the house ; JlU z^ bet el 
mdl, sacred Moslem treasu- 
ry; wiVl vi^. bit eladab, or 
'io-\j\ c^bet er rdha, water, 
closet. OlJj.; bujutdt, com- 
mercial houses, firms. ^ 
bHy, home-made, domestic. 
iij\ batardo ,' cofive-dtim\ 
Cj\^>\ bitingdn, or iy.\^\*:\,bitin. 
gdn iswid, or jl«ijl> bidin. 
gdn, egg-plant, aubergine, 
sg .Ai\it^\{bit ingdna ,pl.sL,\)\'f\, 
bitingandt; J[^\,_ ^y^■\Jrdgil 
bitingdn, an idiot, a fool ; 
ii,yi^\J\, bitingdn qiita, or 
y^tamdtim, tomatoes, 
^l, (^.) bdhfjibyh), to divulge 
a secret, permit. »-U miibdh, 
permitted, permissible. *»-\>\ 



ibdha, act of divulging a 
secret, granting permission. 
A ( 7- ^)bdh(jubAfi ), to be stale, 
rotten, ^l bdjib, stale, 
rotten; 'a\ ^'^kaJAmhA- 
jiU, meaningless words, 
nonsense.r-l^ftatcd^, vapour, 
Cj\i-:\ bidingdn, see i^WJl* 

(iil bddy, see Ijj 
jVi (j^J bdr(jubur),io be spoil, 
ed, useless, left on one's 
hands. jy_ baa war, to spoil, 
cause to be useless, leave on 
anotherls hands. jAi^ bdjir, 
spoiled, left on one's hands; 
tjXz^lbint bdjra, an old 
maid. jy_6(5r, waste land.^^i^* 
tabwyr^ act of spoiling, 
causing to be useless,causing 
to be left on one's hands. 

jjl) bdrid, see iy 

pyl bdri\ see s-ji 

Ajl» bdrim, see /»_,. 

»j\ bdra* para (^Qth. part of a 
piastre), pi. Cj'^j\ bardt. 
iij>\ bartd* gun_powder. 

^jl bardka, see ^j 
J^ij)\bdromitr* barometer, pi. 

Kij\)_bdrja, mallet, pi. olijl. 
jl bds* drum, tom_tom. 

j^j\bazdr* market, bargain; 
jljl; .I15 J».p| i'mil wayjdh 
bazdr, bargain with him! 
settle the price with him! 

w^. (^j-jtl) bds (Jubus), to kiss; 
»M- j A-.\j bdsoh fybaddohj 
he kissed him on the cheek. 
^'ybati wis, to allow to kiss, 
kiss repeatedly. ^\^\ inbds, 
or ^LjI itbds, to be kissed. 
^L:^m inbds, or ^j.\,i.m itbds, 
kissed.^_^^5(5s,act of kissing; 
-»iVl^^^.J>-il istardh bi bds 
el yd, he bought it with 
great difficulty. 4.-^ bdsa, 
a kiss, pi. oLy bosdt. 

ctH bds, harm; ,_^l| J..i U ma fys 
bds, there is no harm, there 
is no objection, I do not 
mind; au ^\i V J<>-lj rdgil la 
bds minnohj a good fellow. 




v^jyUl; basabort* passport, pi. 

wlljy.Ul basabortdt, 

jU-Ul 6asfl^dr,*ship_lamp (board 

and starboard lamps). 

jy.\ basCir^ piles, hoemorrhoids, 

pi. jt-l^i bawasyr. 

u"^' (ij-i'l) ^^ (Jubiis), to soak. 
j.*jibauwis,to cause to soak. 
Jill bdjis, soaked, j-i^^' tab. 
ioys, act of soaking. 

j-l Ms, chief, head; ^'SCil 6a^ 
hdtib, chief clerk ; ^aji-^lj 
bdsmihandis, chief engi- 
neer ; ^iicl) bdsmufattis, 
chief inspector ; \c\ j,l M^- 
aga^ chief eunuch ; j~i»cj.^lj 
bdsmufylii', chief process- 
server fc/ie/' huissier) ; J:.lj 
J-ijU- bassawys, sergeant- 

Ul Msa,* Pasha, pi. ^l^lil ba. 

^li hdsa or Ms{/, chief; ^.il X^ 
hakym bdsa, chief medical 
officer; ^^lijy_yu;rMsa, cap- 
tain in the army; ^LC 6m- 
Msa;major in the army; iU^I 

onMsa ^corporal in the army. 
jUlj bdsliq, head.stall, pi. jJLii 

J'\ ( (>r:i ) ^'^-l (J^Wl), to lay 
eggs. 4^L *o-jfarl},a bayjA. 
da, hen which lays eggs. jji-i 
6^rf, eggs, 55-. aJu; feeria, jsi. 
OUu) 6er;M^; ^Ju^lU U U^'l 
A.^J\ en^a iissa ma tilitis 
min elbSda, you are still a 
novice, you are inexperien- 
ced; *i-ji\ j^_*-iJ\ j^, Jll 
illy jisraq el bida jisraq el 
farlia, he that will steal a 
pin will steal a greater thing 
^yL■Jbid, testicle, jp^ d^t ^i/- 
ddn, or ^^j biijiid 
J»l bdt, armpit, pi. ^\l\ batdt; 
J.I; ^ li (.>iS^> e; /caWm 
rfa taht bdty, you cannot 
palm off such a statement on 
me;*.,tJ^*J»l; bdtoh win nig. 
ma, he has not a penny, he 
has notliing he can call his 
own ;i»l;.l> }^}yni^il wayjdh 
bdl, he wrestled with him ; 
J<.U\ i^iji-'aruset el M(,boil 



which grows in the armpit. 

i»l bdt, fruit of a kind of the 

sycamore tree. 
^}l\bdtil, see J1.J 

ii\ ( ]^yi ) bds (jubdz), to be 
spoiled, dilapidated, oblite- 
rated, useless. Ji^ bauwaz, 
to spoil, dilapidate, oblite- 
rate, cause to be useless ; ^» 
Z^^ ii'y huwa bauwaz el 
bint, he seduced the girl. Jij\j 
bdjiz, or ii^ mubauwas, 
spoiled, dilapidated, oblite- 
rated, become useless. Jij^J 
tabwyz, spoliation, dilapi- 
dation, obliteration. 

Jil, bdz*, fire-bar. 

^l( ^^ ) bd' (jiby), to sell ; ^l 
,JL\i' bd^ ddtroh, he would 
not oblige him, he had no 
consideration for him. 6.".; 
bayja\ to cause to sell. ^VJI 
inbd\ or s-Lrl itbd\ to be 
sold, ^l^ minbd\ or «-Li. 
mitbd\ sold. «j b^', sale. *.».i 
b4'a, a sale, pl.^L.\f^be'dt. mi\ 
bdji\ a seller. «-Li bayjd\ 

tradesman, pi. oj^^L bayja- 
^yn, *«jL. mubdj'a, sale, 
contract of sale, /?/ oLL. 
d^li bd^is, see vi,«i 

^ftl bdga,* tortoise shell. 

Jl. ftcigy, see ji 

j\bdkir, see .jCT 
*M; bdkja, arcade, pi. S^y_ ba- 

J^. ( J_,.; ) bdl (jubdl), or J^JI 
itbauwil; to urine. Jji MZ, 
urine. -0^.. mabwala, urinal, 
/)i. JjU. mabdwil. 

J^. Mi, memory, mind; j Ij ^i- 
illil; /jaWr/ da fy bdlak, 
bear this in mmd ! Jlj j. ^\j 
rdh m in bdly, or Jl ^p ^Ij 
rd/i 'an bdly, or Jl; Jc^^ V^ 
ma gds'ala bdly, it escaped 
my mind; ljj»-ljl (^ Ji^V ^'^^ 
laks fir rdgil da, don't you 
remember this man? k_,l:5J\ 
VdJIl.JI elkitdb illybdlak 
/■(//i,the book you know;Jji- 
\i J^l\ J. dDl, bud ly bdlak 
min el hosdn da, look well 




at this liorse! *<r^sJr'jJ^. 
ol; 6d/j/ rdhfy hdga tdnja^ 
I was thinking of something 
else ; i^^. Je JL« l;l ana mus 
'ala bdly^ I do not care; U- 
^1 U Jl; ^ istanna 'ala bdl 
ma agy, wait until I come! 
/jVI) balanko* tackle. 
^Ul; bdlto,* overcoat, pi. ol^Ul 

«!Ij bdlig, see iL 

^l. ftaito,* dance, ball, pi. o!^!. 
balldt, or ol^lj ballowdt. 
o^l balldn," balloon, joi. oli_^l; 

Jl; fedto,* bale, pi. oV^i 6aWf . 
^^\; 6ai<2s, see ^, 
*if j)\i baldza* kind of sweet jelly. 
*-»^. Mmj'a, hibiscus (leguminous 
d\ {J^)bdn, to appear, be seen. 
,j^bayjin,io cause to appear, 
show. j^\ itbayjin, to be 
shown, jtlj bdjin, apparent, 
distinct, clear; ,^Lp a; I 4i*Ctli 
bdJin ^al^h innoh 'ayjdn, 


he looks ill. ^ji« m itbayjin^ 

showing one's self; lj^^^}c^■\J 

rdgil mitbayjin, a person 

of note. jL. bajdn, clearness, 

detail, pi. wlL bajandt. aiIj 

bayjina^ evidence, proof,/)/. 

wUj bayjindt. 


bdhis, excessive. 

. JVj\ { c^U ) itbdha, to be 

proud of. (/Lit mutbdhy^ 

proud of.»UL«mw6a/i(t, pride. 

bdjit, see slAi 

Myi6, see A 

bdjir^ see jl» 

bdjissee ^\i 

bdjis^ see Jil» 

bdjin, see jl 

babagdn, orj,U.;.» bagbagdn, 

parrot, /)/. C^IjUj feaftag^andf. 

6if^, see^ 

bitd\ of, the property of, 

fem.A»\i>bitd'a, pl.t-fjbutA\ 

or u}^^. butuyn, or oWb 

bita'dt;^bitd\ orAeb ftiM. 

'a, a tliing;l4pm3 rfa bitd^ha, 

this is hers; ^^i w;iW\ eZ /ca. 




tub huWhum, their books; 
J^^ ^. JrU* «'' rdgil bitd' 
eVis, the man who sells 
bread ; 4ftja\ ^b d\ el fumm 
bitd'et tir'a, the head of the 
canal; J^^IJI ^^ bitd' er 
rdg i7,the sexual organ in the 
male; .J.I p-b &t7a' eZ mara, 
the sexual organ in the fe_ 
male; j,y^,^j| a^IcU ftiifd'^ 
addy ta7fg{>4 why on earth 
should I give you a piastre? 
M battdw, bread made of In- 
dian corn flour (eaten by pea. 
sants), sg. ojb baitdwa pi. 
<^^}> batbyt; whirlpool, pi. j,j,li 
(^. bat' , power, help. 
f>. butum* complete ; ^. ^i^itL 
sa't^n bu tum,U\o full hours. 
^^.bittyja, cask, hogshead, 

vat,pZ. Jb batdty. 
Cf baga\ swans,sg. \^<.baga'a, 

pi. ^l^J^. baga'dt. 
^bagam, mute, stupid. 
0^ bagamdn, "trough, pl.^^y^ 

'^(^) l>o.hh (jibihh), to cause 
to be hoarse. «j: bahbah, 
to loosen, cause to enjoy 
one's self. ^1 inbahh^ to be 
hoarse, ^^"l itbahbah, to be 
loosened, enjoy one's self. 
^y>cj,» mabMh^ hoarse. 
^mibahbah, loose, enjoy, 
ing one's self;^^.*;^ 0J3 waxn 
mibahbah, an exceeding 
weight. 4^.<i bahbaha, act 
of loosening, enjoyment, 
pleasure. *4 bahha, hoarse- 
ness. ^^ bahbdh^ one who 
is fond of pleasure. 

M{M.) bahtar, or >.{ baHar, 
to scatter, disperse. S^4\ it- 
bahtar, to be scattered, 
dispersed, j'^s.* mibahtar^ 
scattered, dispersed. »J^ 
bdhtara, act of scattering, 

>i.4 ( vi^l) to/ias (jibhas), to 
search, look for, examine. 
^\bdhis ,OYii^\s\itbdhis 
wayja, to discuss, ^c bahs, 



s^eai'ch, examination;, in- 
quiry. Ai»-Lm;/M/isa, discus, 
sion, debate, pi. oli».L. 
j< ( j^_ ) hahhar, to go nortli- 
ward, shalie the buttocks 
in Arab dancing, j:^ mu- 
bahhai\ going nortla- 
ward. jjjt' tabhyi\ act of 
going northward, sliaking 
the buttocks in Arab dan- 
cing, j^, bahv, sea, the Nile, 
river, large canal, pi. ^^4 
buhur ; MU j4\ el bahrel 
mdlih, the sea; Ja.j^\ j4^ 
el bahr elabjad, the Medi- 
terranean, the white Nile ; 
1^. _,4 bahr barra, abroad, 
lo reign countries ; j^. j 
j\^!i\ fy bahr eft nahdr, 
in the course of theday;v_.^il 
j4\ 1^' israb min el bahr^ 
drink up the seal go and be 
d— d ! iSj^.bahryov bahary, 
north, northward, appertain, 
ing to the Nile;(^j«.6ft/ia/'f/,or 
ifj4\'^>)\elwagh elbahary, 

Lower Egypt ; iSj4\ Jc l^^lj 
fdtihha 'alal bahary, he is 
playing the grandee. iSjfr ba. 
hry,ovj^ ia/i/Ktr, sailor, ma. 
riner, boatman,/)^, ^ijc bah- 
ryja,ov tj\^ bahhdra. t^J^ 
bahryja, navy; a.ij4\ Ci\y,i 
dywdn el bahryja, the Ad- 
miralty. eji<i buh^ra, lake, 
pi. Z>\ji<. buherdt. »_^\ ajj, ju 
rnudyryjet el bihera^ the 
bihera Province; (ij4<i 
bihery, appertaining to the 
the bihera Province. 4jI_^ 
bahrdja, pond, small lake, 
pl. olilj-<7 bahrajdt. 
jL«i {J^oc^)bahlaqfivj>_jba rbaq, 
to open the eyes wide, stare. 
j}.^\ itbahlaq^ to be opened 
wide, jl^* mubahlaq^ wide 
open. ijS^-bahlaqa, or *ij; 
bcirbaqa, act of opening the 
eyes wide, staring, 
ic (^.) baJib (jubulib), to spout 
forth, squirt. VJ badfj, act of 
spouting forth, squirting.Aii 
bahhci, ejection, effusion, pi. 



squirt, syringe, pi. C*^^, 

Ji^bubdr, seeJTi 

^4 babt,* luck, fortune, pi. Oy^ 
bubCit, or zM\ abbdt ; Ij jwl 
iiUjj liUvi istiryda bdbtcth 
rizqak, buy this for good or 
bad! S.-:Jc\ ja babtak, how 
lucky you are! ^it* miibbO't, 
lucky, fortunate, pi. Ji-*t 

J4 {j^.)bo,bbO'r,to perfume with 
incense. ^^1 itbabbar, to be 
perfumed. jfi.'m u babba i\ per. 
fumed, j^ tabbyr, act of 
perfuming, jycj bubAr, in- 
cense. jUl; bubdr, vapour, 
steam..Ji?'ma66ara, censer, 
jjZ. jX., mabdbir . 
jil^iki babsawangy* gardener, /)Z. 
A.^l^ii£ babsawangyja. 

J14( Jicj ) 6i6£7 (jibbal), to be 
avaricious, stingy ; 'J* Ji? 
wliS3l bibil'^O'layja bilki- 
tdb, he refused me tlie book. 
Jicj6u6i^ avarice, stinginess. 

Jjftb£6«/Z, avaricious, stingy, 
pl. ^ bubala. 

tr^. ( J^. ) babnaq, to muffle the 
head, ja^'l itbabnaq, to be 
muffled. j:?c^ mubabnaq, 
muffled. *siA babnaqa^ act of 
muffling the head. 

jJ^bubAr,see y^^ 
*i^;4 bubb^ba, see ^ 

J-Vi &i/?t/Z, see Jici 

J; .a.L.1 [x.l^i)istabadd (jis- 

tibidd ), to be tyrannical. 

iljul-1 istibddd, tyranny. 

J..I-.. mtistabidd, tyrant, pZ. 

ijtJiJL,^ mustabiddyn. 

^. 6frfrf,wish,desire;;^li;6idd«/, 

my wish, I wish; l^^iC i^tnj 

bidduhum jiktibu, they 

wish to write;Ui]a;JMv_.l-jJ\ 

eZ /fiidft illy biddak fyh, 

the book you wish ; Ju J^j« f 

min kull bidd, of course, \ 

certainly, by all means. 
(V ) !»i budd ( la ), no escape, of 

course, necessarily ; L. Jj V 

t^^^la budd ma Jiktib, I 

am sure he will write;^ Oj V 




ATy la budd 'an mdioh, he 
must die; IjS^JuV la budd 
kida, it must be so; A; Vj J:.« 
mus wala budd, it is not so 
well or good. 
U. ( U., ) bada (jibda), or \Xj\ 
ibtada, or I JuL.1 istabda, to 
begin, commence. I AiWfeh'rfa, 
orl a:-, m ubtada, beginning, 
commencement. iJIa:.! J6tj- 
ddy, primitive, preliminary, 
appertaining to an early 
stage; A.JUil i^*: mahkama 
ibtiddyja, tribunal of first 
instance, (^^l; bddy, begin- 
ning, beginner ;^^V l(/.jl j 
fy bddy el amr, at first. 
^Xi^ mubtady, beginner, 
pl_ ^J^oJ^** mubtadyjyn. 
j\jjdL\ 3u.jA. madraset el 
mubtadajdn , preparatory 
JU. biddl, and ^Jlib badddla,see 

J J, ( jji.. ) badar (jubdur), to 
scatter. jiUddir, to hasten, 
attend to. j\ baddar, to be 

early; oU^^^tlljJL. baddarna 
'an el 'dda, we came earlier 
than usual ; pL«S\ J jJiJ liJo 
biddina nibaddar fil qi- 
jdm, we wish to rise early. 
jXi\ inbadar, or jXJ\ itba- 
dar, to be scattered. jiX^ 
mabdAr, scattered. jJiifeadr, 
act of scattering., J J| badra, 
shower (of money, etc.), pi. 
s:j\jSj,badrdt. jSJ tabdyr^ 
being early. tSjJu badry, 
early; (^jJu ^*)\ el waqt 
badry, it is early. AijJii 
badryja, early morning; 
Ajjji badryja, chicken, p/. 
^SJ\^>_ baddra. tjiL* mubdd. 
ra, act of attending to. 
jjt, badr,or^\iJqamar tamdm, 

full moon. 
.jji, budra, or ^jiybddra* pow, 
der for the face. 
^^jA, badrdn' basement, story of 
a house under ground level, 
pi.O^ljj-^ badrondt. 
^js> badry,andljS> badryja,sce 




«. JL. iij^i) badda\ to produce a 
new thing, create, p^. bicl\ 
nbvelty, singularity, man- 
nerism; «.Jb J At(;7r fy bid\ 
he makes himself singular. 
^_jj bady\ splendid, magni. 
flcent, excellent. 

Ja; (Jaj ) badal (jibdiJ), or J!i; 
baddilj or JjJ^l istabdil^ 
to exchange, substitute. 
J.>\i"6dcZii, toexchange, bar. 
ter. JjuM inbadal^ or Jxrl 
itbadal, to be exchanged, 
substituted. JjJu* mabddl, 
exchanged, substituted. Jjii 
badl, or JiL. mubddla, 
exchange, barter, pi, oViL. 
mubadldt. Jjaj tabdyl, 
exchange ; ly^ JjJlJ tabdyl 
hawa, change of air. Jji. 
badal, or 4.Jjl. badalyja, 
substitute, in the place of; 
»-jjyU Jjl; badal ma tiruh, 
instead of going; Ajji-Jo; 
badal safaryja^ travelling 
allowance; ^/j Jjb badal 
rukuba, horse allowance; 

jtLt Jji. badal ma^ds, ex- 
change in lieu of pension ; 
(ijCjl J jj\ eZ badal el "as. 
kary, or aiJCm.J\ *J-lJ\ ei 
badalyja e I "a ska ryja, pur. 
chase money (from military 
service); 4.;^J\ 1} a. badalyjet 
el "una^ corvee redemption 
money. J I -t & fdd I, instead of, 
in the place of ; Cl\ ju biddl- 
/c«m, instead of you, in your 
place. aJj. badia, suit of 
clothes, /)/. Jjb brrfrtZ. 4.1\!t, 
badddla^ aqucduct^pi.wVU. 
baddaldt, JIa-I-I istibddl^ 

jj J, ba dan, body, tr unk(of human 
body ), pi. o\-y'}abddn ; ^\ 
jJiJ\ bdft elbadan, anus. 

jAi 6ff/?/., bedwins, 6^gr. (^^ji. 

^jj. badiih, name of the genius 
who was supjwsed to carry 
letters (usually represented 
on envelopes by the figures 

jjai bady\ see f-x 




jli (jXj) ba^^ar^or jl.;l itbas. 
;^ar^ to dissipate, be a 
spendthrift. yJu" tab:syr^ 
dissipation, jj.. muba^zir^ 
spendthrift, /jZ. jiji-. mu- 

'j.barr\ shore, main land,p;. 
jSj^ burur ; jjl bil barr^ or 
jji Jc 'o7«^ bari\ by land; 
-'>'^ ^f?iV ^« J* huioa mus 
gdjibha el barr^ he shall 
not bring the case to a suc- 
cessful issue ; At!\\ ,. barr 
essdm^ Syria; ilJiW jbarr 
et tiirk^ Turkey ; ^a. j 
barr masr^ Egypt ; ^ 
J^J.liVl barr el anacJdl^Asia 
Minor, ^fj birry, wild.<^jlj. 
bardry^ wastelands. 

'j birr^ righteousness. 

\y ( c5> ) barra (Jibarry ), to 
acquit ; ,3\ji_ barradh^ or 
♦.:»-L l_jl_,. barrau sdhtoh, 
they acquitted liini. IjJl it- 
barra^ to be acquitted ; 1:1 
li: * a* '^l'-'}' ' '^'^^*' iifjarrit 
mill ibny, I havorcpudia-j 

ted my son.tijc* mufbarry^ 
acquitted. ajjC! tabryja, 
acquittal. iSji bary^ inno- 
cent, /J?. li_,;l abryja. »%\y 
bar ad ^ or io-U\ \t\j bardet 
es ,«? to, innocence, acquittal; 
,tl_,| barad, vizirial letter. 
ij'j biirrc, what a horror ! 
dear me! (women's talk); 
di:* A)^,; burre minnak^ I 
repudiate you. 
\'j barra, out, outside ; ^^li J 
1^ ly fa Ills barra, people 
owe me money ; I j. \j ^. ^Ij 
rdh min barra barra, he 
went oif straight to his des- 
tination. Jl_^ barrdny, out. 
sider/ stranger, pi. (j<-j\j_ 
barranyjyn ; Jl_,; aJ.*^ himla 
barrdny, counterfeit mo- 

^I_j, bardh, see ^j 

i\*j_ barrdd, sec j^T 
e.i\ ,, bardd'y, see a.o .; 
.jlj, bard da, sec i^' 
Alii ji barradyja, see i_,| 

Jlji bardz, see J^i 




^/'\J, bardsmy, see ^-^i 

*c\j^ bard'a, see 9-j 

j*\y_ birttfo* , bravo! well done! 
well done I capital ! 
^J_birdm, earthen pot, pi. 
oUlj. hiramdt. 
Jff\j. baramylgy, see ^j 

i^\j. barrdny, see 1^. 
^i^■^^J baranyty, see aWj^p 

»*ij; barad^ see !_;; 

*j\j. burbdra, boiled wheat with 

'•^fbarbali, culvert, earthen 

pipe, pi. *ilj; baTdbiJi. 
J.J. (jjjm) barbar, to mutter to 
one's self, grumble.,^^ _,. bar. 
bara, act of muttering to 
one's self, grumbhng. 

J.J. ( Jl ii^ ) barbar (bildd el), 
Nubia, ifyj barbar y^ Nu- 
bian, pi. tj\j_ bardbra ; 
*j}j. ^^ mattaret bard- 
bra, \i rained cats and dogs; 
*j}j. i^f- biry bardbra, he 
was frightened to death. 

jjji birbir, young chicken, pi. 

y\j bardbir. 

jjji ( J; jm) barbaq, see jU 

A)j; birba, * ancient temple, pi. 
jj^; bardby. 
jy.j.barbAr, soft mucus of the 

nose, pi. j^Aji barabyr. 
d^j. burtuqdn jOraLnges,sg . *^\Xy. 
burtuqdna, pi. wlili'^; 

£_J. burg, tov/er, pi. t^j^ abrdg; 
*l?- rj. burg hamdm, pi_; ^J- t^^jburg 
'aqloh harag , or *.l2e. ^j_ 
jU. burg ^aqloh tdr, he was 
d'^J.bargal,* or J^^ bykdr, 
compasses,pZ. Jr'jt bardgil. 

>■ J ( jTjy.) bargim, or i«_,; bar- 
tam, to mutter to one's self, 
talk unintelligently, talk 
incoherently, a^j. bargima, 
act of muttering to one's self, 
unintelligent or incoherent 

rjXrJ^i) barah (Jibrah), to 
depart, pass away; ^^'7-j.\ 
ibnah min hena, mo\e from 




this place ! ^\j\ bardh, open 
space; ^Ij. ^j\ ard bardh, 
free land. 
ij{ij^.) birid (jibrad), to 
feel cold, be cold ; A-i; ^i ij 
birid fy nafsoh^ he felt 
ashamed, he was abashed. 
i,*j barrad, to cool, rebuke, 
give a rebuff, put to shame. 
i jjl itbarrad, to be cooled, 
be rebuked, receive a re- 
buff, be put to shame. JjjC 
a rebuff, putting one to 
shame, .j^. bard, cold; LiJiil 
ij ed dinja bard, the wea- 
ther is cold, ijl bdrid, cold 
tu the touch; jjl jU-j dub- 
bdn bdrid, mild tobacco; 
"J^. Jrb ^^S'l^ bdrid, un- 
energetic man, dullard. 
j)lj_;; barddn, one who is 
feeling cold, pi. c>"lj_,; 6ar- 
danyn. aj^ burAd, rebuff, 
shame. «ii^. bardyja, cold, 
fever and ague. *iijj; buru- 
dyja^ coldness. ajjIj; bar- 

radyja, water-cooler, pi. 
Olilj. barradyjdt,. Obju 

mubarraddt^ cooling 
drinks, refreshments. 

^ji (•>-%) barad (j'ubrud ), to 
fit with a file. jjjJl inbarad, 
or jjyl itbarad^ to be fitted. 
jjjy» mabrCid, fitted, .j^j 
fearcZ, act of fitting, .jlj. 6ar- 
r(:^c/, fitter, pi. ^^i\j^ barra- 
dyn. jjv. mabrad, file, /)^. 
ijL. mabdrid ; jjy j-li 
qumds mabrad, diagonal 
cloth ; o'ji burdda, file 

i J bard, or ^_^ji fed/'rf, still, 
also ; Ijk ilij_ bardak hena, 
are you still here? IjiMJ J^iJ, 
barduhum bijdklu, they 
are also eating. 
^\ij barddn, see ij. 
rV. ( r^-'Ji ) bardah, to polish, 
burnish. j^jJl itbardaf}, to 
be polished, burnished. 
j^-ijy. mubardaf}, polished, 
burnished. *i-iy_ bardaba, 
act of polishhig, burnishing. 



ioij^hardcCa, donkey saddle, 
pi. f^\jbarddi\ j^^^j, ba- 
r del' y, maker of donkey sad. 
dies, pi. v^ j'. barad'yja. 
(J-y^j. bardaqus, marjoram. 

eij^barda* curtain,, pi. obji 

»ij. bur da, mantle worn by 
native women of the peasant 
class, pi. obji barddt. 

Ajiji bardyja, see ij_ 
JJ.iJjy.) baraz, (jubrus), io 
project, issue, jut. jiy. bu- 
ms, projection. ,jy_ barsa, 
a projecting thing, pi. 
1^1 jj) barzdt. jlj bardz, 
or 4j j!jjJ\ il^U el mawdd el 
barasyja, fecal matter, 
sewage, human excrement. 

^^^_ barsym, clover. ijf\j ba- 
rdsmy, clover seller, pi. 
*.irlj. barasmyja. 

J' J'. -J-Jy^ (J^J^^) inbaras(jin- 
biris). to be squatted down, 
laid fiat, jijju mabrus, or 
j^j<^ minbiris squatted 
down, laid flat. J^j_ bars, 

act of squatting one's self 
down, lying fiat, j-^i burs, 
rough matting of native 
make, pi. j^\j.\ abrds. 

»Uj) 6(/r«(m, and ^\'^ j. barsdm- 
gy,see ^j. 

^ij {^ja.j)birist*(bid),soft boiled 
eggs,eggs in the shell, eggs 
« la coque. 
f'^j'.i 4-^j^l) bariim , to rivet, 
close with wafers (enve- 
lope, etc. ). xijyl itbarsim, 
to be rivetted, closed with 
wafers. Aj^' mubarsim, 
rivetted, closed with wafers. 
j^i'j barslma, act of rivet- 
ting, closing with wafers. 
aUj> bursdm, rivets, wafers, 
sg. 'ii.Uj; bursdma, pi. 
>lA<\i. jbursamdt ,j^\i- j^ bar. 
sdmgy or barsamgy, ri- 
vettcr, pi. 4.;*;Uj; barsam- 

^jyi-j. barsdmy, kind of figs. 
Jt.^^ barsyd, clods of earth. 
^j.bars, house lizard. 
^\X>y^bartdl,* porter. 




J^y. ( tP'-'y. ) bar fas, to clatter in 
walking with an old shoe, 
be abundant ; i.\cj;^iL^. I; I 
ana bartast 'al^h, I took no 
notice of him. <t^j_ hartaki 
act of clattering in walking 
abundance. 4.-^i»j> bartusa 
old shoe or slipper, pi 
JLJ.I_^_ baratys. 
X^ (a^jm) 6«Wa', to gallop, run 
go about enjoying one's self 
i^j barta^a, gallop, run 

S^J. i S^jy. ) bartal, to bribe 
JLjJl ii6a7'(rti, to be bribed 
^}^J^» mubartal^hvihed. 4^j 
bartala^act of bribing. J-i._^_ 
bartyl^ bribe, pi. J-^'ij. 
bar at y I. 
J»_y. (^jJi ) bar tarn, see >-y 

cA^'y. bartamdn, see J^^ 
*.-^l.j. bartusa^ sec ,jJ»j; 

C^y bartiim^ beam of timber, pi. 
^Uj baratym. 

JJ»_^_ bartyl, see Ji._y_ 
f>. (f-'M) ^ct''^' (ji-br'a"), to ex- 
cel. f-jJl itbarra\ to give 
freely. ?■ jy tabarru, act of 


giving freely, f-jl Mri', 
excelling, ^dji bard'a, ex- 

J^j; ( J^J^. ) bargal, to edge off. 
*lc.j. bargala, act of edging 

Jc^i burgul, seethed corn coarse. 

ly brayed. 
jjPj) bar gut, flea, /j/. vJL^Iji 6a_ 
^''^'^gyi',j4^ ^'■'j'. baragyt el 
bahr, shrimps ; v:..Jl vl^t^lj) 
baragyt es sitt, small 

</jl burgy, screw-nail, pi. j.\j_ 

•iji ( J^L ) baraq, (Jubruq), to 
glitter; jjo \^S\\ed dinja 
bi tubruq, it lightens. J^. 
fca/'g, lightening, gold 
fringe to necklaces of native 

^ ji . j-.»» j>' > ( *»jOJ ) itbarqaet 
(titbarqa), to veil one's 
self. 4A»ji.m«6ar^aVt, veiled, 
one who is wearing a veil 
»ij\burqiC , veil, pi. J>\j 

J)*j,barquq, plums, sg. tifj 
harquqa^ pi. ^^^j, bar- 
^j ( iJjy. ) barak (jibrik), to 
kneel down, il j; barrik, to 
cause to kneel down, iijl; 
bdrik, to bless, congrat- 
ulate ; dlJ iljUi bj rab- 
binajibdr'ikfykj may God 
bless you! di! iljL; Vi^^j ru/i. 
na nibdrik lak^ we went 
to congratulate you. iljLrl 
itbdrik, or il^Tl itbarrak^ 
to be blessed, receive a 
blessing. iJjli bdrik ^ one 
who is kneeling down. 4;^* 
mubdrak^ov iljj.*.* mabriik, 
blessed, I congratulate you ; 
iljUltjLp 'ayjdn bil mubd^ 
r«/c,he is suffering from sy- 
philis, iljj. bur{ik, act of 
kneeling down. di»j\T^a5r(//f, 
actof causingtokneeldown, 
congratulation. -iCy_ baraka^ 
blessing,/)^. C^€ ^ barakdt; 
i^ jit\ ciAJ r-jk) bj rabbina 
jitrah fyk el baraka^ may 


God bless you! aTj. baraka^ 
or 4$^. "tulj toaWa baraka^ 
thank God ! I am glad of it ! 
so much the better ! U Jll aTjj 
baraka illy ga, I am glad 

he came! 


JS^j bara- 

kdt warsin* many thanks J 
I am much obliged to you,] 
quite enough! ^ij\> bar{i-\ 
ka, a lucky coin, a thing 't^ 
kept to bring good luck. 

* __,; 6 J7-/£a, lake, marshy ground, ' 
pi. 6j^ birak. iSi^j. birkd- 
wy, appertaining to the 

j^ybirlanty* brilliant. 
rj'.{fjy.)bC('i'am (jubrum), to 
twisty go round, twine ; 
f jy. A^^ J A i^^ ^" nahdr 
jubrum,hB moves about the 
whole day. »j bar ram, to 
twist or twine repeatedly, 
cause to go round; (.jOI inba. 
ram, or Ajy\ itbaram, to be 
twisted, twined, pjj* mab- 
rum, twisted, round shaped, 
twined; rjL mabarym, na- 





tive bracelets. ^jl bdrim ,one j 
wliois going round; ^j\i^y>-\j' 
rdgil bdrim, a man of the 
world, a man of common 
sense, ^y barm, act of twist, 
ing, going round. ^I_^.ljj_jk4; 
naqd we ibrdm, cassation. 
*^j\ jl-^ musmdr bitrma, 
screw-nail. AZy barryma, 
cork-screw, boring tool, ! 
auger, pZ. wlcy barrymdt. 

j^j.barmagy,* procurer, pi. 
4.^1^ baramga, or a^j bar- 
mag yja. 

ii'j.barmaq* halw&ier, spoke 

of a wheel, pZ. J.I .,bardmiq, 

^\' :>.baramhdt and t^^jbara- 

mdda, 7"* and 8*^ months 

of the Coptic calendar. 

d:^j.barmyl, cask, barrel, pi. 
Jj.|_^ bar amy I ; J..j t^f- 
''arabyja barmyl, tumbrel. 
j>tL.I_y baramylgy, cask- 
maker, pi. bara- 

4\lj birndmig,' table, return, 
statement, ^. 

^j^burungug* gauze. 

J^j.biringy; first; (iVi J^y 
bi r ing y aldj\ the first regi. 
ment ; *JLa'\ jfrJj biringyes 
saff, the first in the class. 

trV. ( ^J^l ) bd^nas, to put be- 
tween parenthesis. -uJ_,. 
barnasa , act of putting be- 
tween parenthesis. 

jjjj; burnus, mantle^ cloak, pi. 
^\j>. bardnis. 

^jjjberins*, prince, pi. wUji 

K\a..^j\burnita, hat, cap, /)^ -Wji 
baranyt; 4^.^ *^'j! burnita 
taicyla, top hat. JaJ'^; 6a- 
ranyty, hatter. 

♦>*j: ( t>*-Ai ) barhan, to prove ; 
dL^i^Je i^kj barhan 'ala 
kaldmak, prove what you 
say! j*jaJI iitor/ian, to be 
proved. (jU^. bar/idn, proof, 
/)/. uj»l_y_ barahyn. 
oj 6;/ /Via, moment, short space 
of time. 

j\}j birwdz , see jj_^^ 
i-J^_;; berdtistant' Protestant. 



■p^i) berdtistanty, ap- 
pertaining to the Protestant 
r-^'-Jji berutisto* legal protest,/)^. 
o\:-)*^j> berotistdt ; J/ 
»:J«j 'amal bcrdtisto, he 
e'^f^ij, bcrogrdm ," programme, p^. 

ol.lj>-^y bcrogramdt, 
jrij.barugij* see <ij^, 

ijji 6if/'a(/,and ^o^jj^ btifudyja^ 
sec .jji 

j^j;(. JiJM ) barwlz*, to frame a 
])lciufe. jijCA ilbarwiz^ to 
be (Vamed. j^j*,. mubanvis, 
framed, .j^j, barwi^a, act 
of framing. j|^_,, birwd:;^ 
picture frame,/)/. y,,\j_ ba- 

j)j burns, see j^. 
j.}j, berds* brooch, pl_ ol-jji 


wUjj. bcrofdt. 
'ij. berawa* prow of a ship. 
^J.[^^.) bara (Jibry), to cut 
or mend a pen. tJjv;l inbara, 

or jjJl it bara, to be cut 
mended, (j:.^. mabry, cut, 
mended, t^^,. 5a r?/, act of 
cutting or mending a pen, 
*ij'. barja, a cut, /j/. oIjji 


tSjbary,see\ J, I 

jljjI bar yd, Postal Service. ] 

ij^jbarryma, see *_^_ 
yX'j^.) bass (jibiss),{o prOr, 
ject, spout out, spring ; UySj 
j'Ji ^J'j^l hiiica ma Jibiz- 
sis bi qirs, he would not 
give or spend a piastre. > 
biss , woman's breast knot, 
pi. Jlji bisds, orjljij ab~ 
i~/jabar rnin 


'j\ a'-'^'" 

biss It mm oh, news from 

an authentic source ; Jc jj^ 

j_J\ loatod'aZai fe?^^, sucli- 


J\y_ bisdq, see jj, ^" 

jy.y. basbiis, spout, tap,/)/, julji 

basabys. ; 

jji ( J>, ) bassar, to product 

seeds, jy' bisr^ seeds, i'^'l 




1^ -» 

.jj^ bisra, pi. <l^\jy, hi:srdt ; 
cJ^jy. bi3rkittdn,\ix\seedi. 
^-•^ramyt^ one wliosc pa- 
rents are not of the same 
nationality, cross-breed. 

Jyi J>. ) basaq (jubzuq), to 
spit, jjj bas:raq^ to spit 
repeatedly, to cover with 
spittle. jj,\4 muba:^^aQ, 
covered with spittle, sali- 
vated, jy ba:;q, act of spit, 
ting. ji_y bUdq, saliva, 
spittle. a5jj ba^qa^ spit, 
spawl, /)/. ^Uj, basqdt. Ajjy 
mab^aqa^ spittoon, p/. jjL. 
^iybazaLcang." procurer, pi. 
■sJ^iy ba^aioangdt. 

^J~l bass, only, enough, that is 
all; li |_j.) 6as6" baqa, this 
will do, stop! jj.) o^j qir- 
s6n bass, only two piastres; 
^_^)^ U'T'aI J> lya^ to/i keda 
we bass, tell him only tliis! 
do not toll him any tiling 
ioj\~\bisdrja* small lish. 

iA^busdtj and 4J9I-; basdta^ 
see ia-.i 

Ol:-! bustdn, garden, orchard, 
pi. (jj)'l-i basatyn. 

^:-.i ( ^:-.j ) bastif, to twit. 
^i»^'l itbastif,to be twit- 
ted. 4.1x^1 bastifa,aci of twit 

jj^:_s bastdn', piston. 

Jy.-~\ bastuny, spade (in playing 
Ja-i ( ia^., ) basat (jibsit), to 
please, spread out, explain. 
ii-^Jl inbasat, or ii-.Jl 
itbasat, to be pleased, be 
cheerful, enjoy. J»^«^ma6su( 
pleased, cheerful, in good 
health, well oft". i^UJl inbi- 
sdt, pleasure, amusement, 
cheerfulness, enjoyment. 
4J9U1 basdta, simplicity. I»l-j 
busdt, carpet, pi. wU.L.| 
busatdt, or aL-iI absita ; 
Ai-Jl ^\^\ biisdf errahma, 
pall, drap mortuaire, i« 

6rts;//, simple ; Jij-j f!>*^ 
kaldm basyt, small talk. 



4J»-j6as(a,stepof a staircase^ 
pi. ^Ik—i basidt. Aj^k-.; bas- 
taicyja, roll of doth, pi. 
si^\j^k-i bastawyjdt. 
( U) ii-i bast (qalam), reed pen. 
A*jlt-j basfarma* dried meat 

(prepared in Turkey). 
<)^k-j bastawyja, see Ja-j 
^_^«s baskawyi* biscuits, sp'. 
a:i^> baskawyta, pi. 
yZ^il^^\ baskaioytdt. 
aLj bisilla' French peas. 
, x-) ..--j"! J (bass ("m, to smile. x--> 
tabassum, act of smiling. 
AC-:' tabsyma^ a smile, /)i. 
do-:» tabsymdt. ^-^ mab- 
sam, mouth. 
*— H^fsysa, native sweets; «ij 
4--A-J ji wiqV baqa bisy- 
sa, it fell and broke to 
Ja^ basyt, see i«.-» 
»j\i) bisdra^ see JLi 

uili) basdki, affability 



s&s, affable, pi. ^jj-i^ii ba- 

*e.iLi basd^a, sec 

jj:.ii) ( i_pi-i ) basbis, to soak. 
^i-ijl itbasbis,to be soaked. 
jLi.i>. mr I basbis, soaked. 
4.1xij basbisa, act of soaking. 

z^\ bust* catamite. 

Aii-^ Ms!!a^ to /chest of drawers, 
small box, pi. oUii~! bas- 
yLj(^L. ) basar (jubsur)^ to 
pare, peel, scrape. ^ tos- 
sa/', to give good news, 
preach. ji.\ bdsir, to under, 
take, begin. ^^iJl inbaktr^ 
or jJL^\ itba sa r ,io be pared, 
peeled, scraped, ^ic-l is- 
tabkn\io be hopeful, expect 
good news, jy^ mabsui\ 
pared, peeled, scraped, ^li 
basr^ act of paring, peeling, 
scraping, jjij tabsyr, act 
of giving good news, preach, 
ing. .j^iU* mubdsra, act 
of undertaking, beginning; 
;^L. mubasaratarij direct, 
ly ; i^L* <^j rayjisoh 
mubasaratan , his imme- 
diate superior, ^lic-l istib. 



sdi\ hope, expectation of 
good news. »^« mabsara, 
paring tool, pi, ^U mabd- 
^if. <Sj^, btisra, or ,jLii 
bikira, good news, pi, ^ 
busar^ or j«,lij basdjir ; 
,jU.J\ A.P ^yd el biidra, 
Lord's day. ^ basar, man- 
kind, sexual organ in the 
male; ^\ ^^. ban y el basar ^ 
mankind, ^i.. mubassir, 
missionary, preacher, pi. 
jjt^L. mubassiryn. 
^ J J:j basards, flamingo. 
iSJL] busra^ see ^ 
a. -i» basryd, block of mud. 
.j.s(fci^_) bassa'', to horrify, 
cause to be hideous. Aclii 
basci'a, hideousness, ugli- 
ness.*!; &isi',hideous, ugly. 
iOis baiqa,* different, other, 
excellent ■ ^ij z^)^ *.^l& 
kaklmoh dilwaQt basqa, 
lie says a different thing 
now; 4.4i| jU>-/io,s6?n basqa, 
a fineliorse. 
j^l 6a.sA:<ir,iron rod for moving 

bread in the oven, pi. jrMij 

jfji'i baskyj',* towel, napkin, pi. 
j^L) basakyr. 

JaJlii baslamyt, thick stick or 

^ij basans^ 9**^ month of the 

Coptic calendar. 
jii) (j^-^) basnaq^ to muffle the 
head, tie a shawl etc. from 
under the chin to the top 
of the head. kI:^ basnaqa^ 
act of muffling the head, 
tying a shawl etc. from 
under the chin to the top of 
the head. 
i^ii basus, see ^lii 
^i^i) biswes, see d 

"joi ( ^o ) bass (jubussj^to look. 
^jA.^_ basbas, to court, make 
love. ^Ja.^\ itbassaSj to spy 
out. jja-jIj MsJs, one who is 
looking. jjflibass, act of look, 
ing. A-»;^) basbasa, act of 
courting, love making, a-^ 
6a,, look, live coal, pi. 
sZXai ba.'^sdt^ «j*^^ bas.'idii 



detective, spy, pi. -t^l^ bas. 
sdsa, or ui-^^\ bassasyn. 

j^_ basar^ sight. jrt.-»i basyr^ one 
who sees. *il ^-^1 absar i, 
I do not know what, God 
knows! iljJu^^l absar mid. 
rik^ such and such a thing, 
so and so, and so forth. 

J-^! ba^aljOnions^sg. 4^-11 basala, 
pi. oliLa) basaliit; U J(^lj 
4^^ tT-U-"* ^'^gil 'J^* jiswds 
basala, a man who is not 
worth his salt. 

1^ ( z-ij ) basam* (jubsum), to 
take an impression, imprint, 
stamp, ^linba-sam, or|.>AJl 
itbasam, to be imprinted, 
stamped ^^a;. ma&scm, im- 
printed, stamped. ^> basm, 
act of taking an impression, 
imprinting, ac^ basma, 
impression,print, chintz, pi. 
^\t^_ basmdt,je£^.basmagy, 
one who seals. 

j_v^ basyr, see ^i 

«id ( «-i-; ) badda\ to buy goods, 
make purchases.AeLii&ucWa, 

goods, merchandise ; J^-lj 
4cIJi_.I1 Ji5 rdgil qalyl el 
budd'a^ ignoramus, half- 
4j.^s 6j/rf«to,*stupid,unenergetic. 
Jas batt, ducks, sg. *.kj batta, pi. 
olki battdt; 4J\ *^j» mar- 
</^/ie; eZ &afto,kind of native 
low swing, 
^jlks batdrih, fish roe, ^jl»^« ^ 
samaka mubatraha, fish 
that has roe. 
aj jlki 6afa7'(/ya,*battery, p/.sl^ljjlki 
L[]^) 6a(«(fs, 'potatoes, sg. A-J,lk) 
batdtsa,pl.z>\.^]=\\a.i batatsdt. 
Jlki bai((iZ,and 4!U».siif7dto, seejks 
Uailk) batenta* bill of health, pro. 

fessional tax. 
4IU1.1 butdna, andAjlki battanyja, 

see ^ki 
JaJa)( Ja.k^_ )batbat^ to play with 
water, splash water. 4k,Li 
batbata, act of playing with 
^.{^i!Lj) batalj. (jibtah), to 
W'Ound the head. ^ckJl inba- 




tall, or -k-T| itbatah^ to be 
wounded. 7-^« mabiAh, 
wounded. -.L ^ft{^, act 
of wounding. <i^. batha^ 
a wound in the head^ 
pi. d^. bathdt ; Jc J\ 

'a to rdsoh bat ha jihas- 
sis 'aleha^ the guilty 
one should take the hint, 
jt^ batahgy^ ring-leader, 
bully, pi. 4.=ei^ batahgyja. 
^ .jkJl ( jk^_ ) itbatiar^ to be 
discontented. jUu« mutbat- 
tar, or (^jl^ki batrdn^ dis- 
contented, jki batar^ discon. 
j^^jki batrasyn* robe worn by 
priests while officiating, 
i] L) batrak or iljij!a> batri- 
jark* Patriarch, pi. ^J^\ 
batdrka. ij\:Cjai batrikfid- 
na,Patriarchate,/)i. oli\:C,ki 
JLL| ( J.U-J ) ba(a^ (, to 
throw one on his face ; JLLi 
o bata&fyh, he flew at him. 


J:Lj! inbatas, or jLkJl ii- 
tofas, to be thrown on one's 
face. ^^^1»;« mabtus, lying 
on one's face. ^.iL 6a(sa, a 
fall on the ground with the 
face downwards, pi. oliL 
bat kit. 

LL ( Ja^ ) battat, to flatten, 
crush. LXlJ\ itbattcU, to be 
flattened, crushed. iaJa.. ma_ 
6af(a(, flattened, crushed, 
It-kJ tabtyt, act of flattening, 

Ji»! ( Jk-; ) fczYiZ (jibial), to be 
discontinued ; Jki Ij Oy\^^ 
ei qanun da bitil^ this law 
has been repealed ; ^iJJii »Jij| 
ydoh bitletj he has lost the 
use of his hand. Ji») battal,io 
discontinue, cancel, cause 
to be idle; ..j:^ Llia) batjalna 
niktibj we gave up writ- 
ing; jAk) A-jJill el mad- 
rasa baiialet, the school 
is closed ( for a vacation ) ; 
Jc Jki battal 'alayja, he 
got the better of me, ho com- 

peted successfully against 
me. JiJ tabtyl, discontin- 
uation, act of cancelling, 
causing to be idle. JlLl ib- 
tdl, repeal, abrogation, 
abolition. i\i»i bitdla, holi- 
day, vacation, idleness, pi. 
oVUai bitaktt. jLy batal, 
courageous, brave, pZ. JILI 
abtdl. J^! battdl, bad, idle, 
pi. (j\5Ui) bcUtalyn. Jtl bdtil^ 
false, falsehood. 


^\ ( ^^k^ ) batjan, to line a 
dress. /,kJl itbattan to be 
lined, jk.. mubaitan, lined. 
tj\kJ tabtyn, act of lining. 
aIUis butdna, lining, /jZ, 
olilL butandt^ or ot^^! 
bcttdjin. Jia.\batn, stomach, 
belly, pi. Ci^\ butAn ; dii>- 
^^kJ\ gatak el batn, fie upon 
you! ^^kJl faJZftafn, worth- 
less, valueless ; ,jiJ\ ^'L^ 
bcUn el baqara, the Delta ; 
j.l«J\ jL bain el 'aqd, intra- 
dos, under side of an arch ; 
vJi^l JLi batn el markib, 

hull, hold of a ship ; z.^\ y^\ 
ijm.] i^M aggar el bit min 
batnoh^ he sublet the house, 
*jU«.i batjanyja, blanket, joZ, 
j^lL batatyn, or »;<L;lki 
battanyjdt. ^^\ butiny^ 
glutton, gourmand, pi. Kj^^ 

_jk.) biUu, slowness. J*; baty, 

•M batiyh, water-melon, sg. 
A^l battyha^pl. ol;^ hat- 
tyfidt ; icij\\\ iic-k) battyliet 
el barda'a, pommel of a 
donkey's saddle; diuks J ^ 
j--» hutt fy batnak 
batty/ja sify, do not be un- 
easy ! k 

Ji) ( iaj ) bazs (jubuss), to 
spout out, ooze, squirt, iiki ; 
bassas, to cause to spout * 
out, cause to ooze, cause to 
squirt; oi-p Jik; bassas 
^enih, he paid him dearly 
for it, JaJi,; tabsys, act of 
causing to spout out, to 
ooze, to squirt. 


• » 



^ja^\ ( (jo.^^ ) ba^bas, to tackle the 
hind parts, spoil; *«<iiiU ^_^^ 
babtt!^ loh el qadyja, he 
put a spoke in his wheel. 
^)^\ babu^, finger, un- 
lucky affair, pi. (jAj-L ba'a- 

^'\bubH\ bugbear, pi. ^\^\ 
Kyy^. ba'b&Sj see ^jo^ 

>^»!(jx^) ba^at (jib'at) to 
send ; a1 z^ti ba'at loh^ he 
sent for him. ^.Jl inba'at^ 
or z^>J}\ itba'at , io be sent. 
■Zjj*^ mabWt^ sent, z^'i ba^t, 
act of sending, d-^l bd'^is, 
reason, motive, pi. vi.frly. 

JU) ( A... ) bT/fZ ( jib!' id or y/6- 
'acZ^orJuil ibta'ad, to be 
God forbid ! (women's talk). 
jui ba"'ad, to cause to be 
fjir. A.JI /ito ad, to be 
sent or taken far. JuJL.1 /.s- 
tab^ad, to consider far, 
deduct, jjj-.. mustab^ad, 

far, distant, improbable ; 
O' JL»»i-^ mustab'addtj lands 
not registered in cadastral 
survey books and paying no 
taxes. Ji«) ftet'd, distance. 
JU»! feT't/d, far, distant ;JL. 
JL«i m?<s bi''yd, not impro- 
bable, not impossible ; jl.JI 
elbiyd, or -UiVl elab'ad, 
the distant 2jers()n(not the 
person addressed); j^;* ^ilj* 
j^J Ju»! qardba min bi yd 
li bi'yd, distant relation- 
ship. J») ba'd^ after ; i3ji.i 
ba^dak, or dHu J*) ba'd mtra- 
nak, after you ; Aiii U ju> 
6a'd ma suftoh^ after I saw 
him ; Ujho ba'daha, or jiJi*; 
ba^din, afterwards, then, 
later on; IjS^ji.) ^li U ma 
baqds ba^d keda, or JLJ U 
IjT' Jt«> ma fys ba'^d keda, 
nothing can be better ; jLa*- 
.j..! V.J4J.J V /.U).s4n /a qabloh 
walaba^doh, an incompa- 
rable horse; d^jw 6aV/ 6«/f. 
ra, after to-morrow; ju; JU) 


t^ba'd ba'd bukra, after 
three clays. A,i\^\\ ab'adyja, 
large farm, estate, pi. ^c\^ 
abd'id, orJ^l^Ul ab'adyjdt. 
j»i ba^r^ globular dung of cattle 
sg. tj^\ ba'ra, pi. Cj\j>.\ 
»jij'-\ bcrrara, young camel. 

Jj-i ( Jj*:; ) ba-aq, to scatter, 
squander. Jj«Jl itbci'saq, 
to be scattered, squandered, 
jj... muba^sag, scattered^ 
squandered, ijy^ ba^zaqa^ 
act of scattering, squander- 

^•1 ( ^.j ) ba'as (jib' as), to 
annoy, irritate. ^Ja.*^\ inba- 
'a.s, to be annoyed, irritated. 
^J^y•i^^' mcib^us, annoyed, ir- 
ritated. A.^«| ha\^a, annoy- 
ance, irritation. 

^•1 bad^ some;jjk»> ». ma bcid, 
with each another ; ^\J^;_,a«) 
&aV/ en nds^ some people; 
JLa) AM] Ji-\ ahad ba'doh 
we, he took his de- 
parture ; 4.^.1 (^j :;aj ba'doh. 

all the same ; *-«»> •,« 
min ba'doh, all alike, all 
one ; ^.J \)\i qdlu li ba'd, 
they said to each other; 
\^>-\j^^nS\ el ba'd rdhu,ov 
ly>-lj ^-i«| ba'duhum r^dhu, 
some went ; ^jk^ ^-^ 
ganbba'd^ one by the side 
of the other ; j ^i jUt ^j\ yk 
^k\ huwa arba~ 'afaryt fy 
ba'd^he is four devils in one; 
\^^«) ifj ij^SC*- hikdja :;aj 
ba\laha, snugly story, very 
bad news! 

J^ ba'aly, vegetables which 
do not require any watering 
while growing. 
jji^»i ba'Acl, gnats, sg. aJ.^«) ba- 
"uda^pl. ^[^j^i ba'uddt. 

a.j»5 bi'yd, see ji..i 
^lijti bagbagdn^ see ^l^. 
jljiij bitgddd, Bagdad. JiU^o 
bugdadly, appertaining to 
Bagdad; Jjl-U) ^U bindja 
btigdadly, lath and plaster 

ijjo oJJt.;! ( iJL^i) ) Ubagdid, to 




be saucy, pert. nS^i: bagdi- 
da, sauciness, pertness. 
Ji; bayl, or 4-^ bagla, mule, pi. 
^\,\bigdl, or <L>%\ bagUXt ; 
.jkiiU i^'^ baglet el qanlara, 
pier of bridge. 
JaJ« baglyt, corpulent, stout. 

« -t/t^- J'^'^^^9y> ^* ought to 
be ; JjJc j,.ujanbagy 'alik, 
you ought to,it is your duty. 
iz.h bafta* caiico ; d^y.^ *^: 
to/'^a dabuldn, Madapolan 
calico ; ,jC4.:i; bafta samra^ 
or (^t*^* «.;ij bafta mala- 
kdn (corruption ofamery- 
kdn), unbleached calico ; 4iJ; 
\Ju; bafta berla, bleached 
dJi.:i 6 //"^^/c,* beefsteak. 
aX baffS* side-board, refresh- 
ment room, pi. 'lj\li'. bvffe- 
J;(j::) '^^^'?^/ (jubuqq), to 
spout out from the mouth. 
:J| baqbag, to bubble, 
swell, j.4^ mubaqbaq, svvol. 
len. J; fta^^, mouth, mouth- 

ful ; J; w.yui) jidrab buqq, 
he chatters, he talks non- 
sense; ji ^\ j.irlarr&bbuqq, 
chatterer, chatter-box. 
*.SJi baqbaqa, act of bub- 
bling, swelUng. 4J-*s, 6ug'_ 
fteq-a, bubble, pi. 
^}>, baqq, bugs, s^r. a1 baqqa, 
pl.zJ^\ baqqdt; jJ\ l^i da- 
tfrt e/ baqq, insect powder, 
li baqa,see j> 
jli baqqdr, see jS; 

J\i baqqdl, grocer, pi. a!12; ftag-- 
gtito, or ;jOlS; baqqalyn. 4\i 
biqdla, grocery. 

A«-Si buqbSqa, see j. 
4;^. buqga* parcel, bundle of 
clothes, pZ. f. buqag,ov oli^- 

'tjSu baqdunis, parsley. 
jS. baqar, cows, sg*. .jS, baqa- 
ra, pi. vIjIjSi baqardt. jVJi 
baqqdr, cow-driver, pZ. 
tj\iibaqqdra. i^Ji, baqary, 
bovine ; iSji>. '^ lahma ba- 
qary, beef, 




ijJL bags, box-wood. 
J»\t«-ii buqsumdt,hiscmis,sg.Ai'\c^'i\ 
buqsiimdta , pi. s:.U,\<.-l buq. 
iJ.S) ( iiio ) bag sis,* to make 
a present, tip ; v^ii tr--*! 
baqsis ly kitdb, he made 
me a present of a book. 
ji^iJl itbagsis, to be given 
as a present. a^^I; bagsisa, 
act of making a present, 
tipping. JLii-l baqsys, \)Ye- 
sent, tip,/)i. J-uU) bagasys. 
•I ( «2« ) baqqa\ to stain. «2j| 
itbaqga\ to be stained. «»j* 
mubagga\ stained. »JL." ia6. 
gy', act of staining. 4.»ai bug'^a, 
stain, spot, p/. »«. biiga'^. 
vii feagA dunce, stupid fellow, 
pi. *ijh bugufa. 
ti^h bagldwa* Turkish pastry, 
i b/g^/Jm, log-wood, red dye. 
^jLyL btiqiity, small basket made 
of palm leaves. 
J, ( j^_ ) baqa (jibga), to re- 
main, continue; _:5o jitaga 
Jiktib, he went on writing; 

cd! Jyl J.I abga agul lak^ I 
shall tell you later on; ill j^^ 
*jl j'^^ft^ to/« i, what is he to 
you? what kinship is there 
between you'i^Cf'-^j^.Jibga 
ibn '^ammy, he is my cousin; 
U Jll ^» J-. yibga huwa illy 
ga, it must be he who came. 
^Jibagqa, to cause to remain; 
J: "^J J»- "^ ^* 6aito wjato 
bagga^ he left nothing un- 
said or undone, li baqa, 
therefore, then, now; *il J;^ 
ll n i!'m He baga, what shall 
we do then? (^U j-ls. Uma 
6ag'(is g'dj, he shall not 
come any more; a.^! li fcaga 
e,what then"? Jl; bdqy^ or 


*;i baqyjUj balance, remain, 
der, pi. Jl^_ bawdqy,ov oUl 

dX, be,* Bey, pi. C^!^. behawdt; 
aj/o behawyja, Beyship. 

I$C hiika, see C 
^dliC^ binbdkx," major in the ar- 
my, p/. A-i\^. binbasyjci. 

^bikr, virgin, eldest born; 



^ vl^ hint bikr, virgin, 
spinster, pi. Jo vl^Ui bandt 
bukkar ; J^ Ji- bCf'll bikr, 
pure, strong vinegar. »i^ 
bikry, eldest born,/)?, (iji^. 
bakdry^ ^.^ •^■> <^^f/ ^i^- 
ryjetha, this is lier eldest 

jC hakar, bobbins, reels, pul- 
leys, sg. t^ bakara, pi, 
C bakrag^ or hakarag , coffee 
pot, jo/. r-jSC bXkdrig. 
J 5o ( j^ ) bdkrar, to beswoL 
len (eyes) j_^ mubakrar , 
swollen. »j^, bakrani, 
swelling of the eyes. 

t'\, bukra, or f\> bdkir, to- 
morrow; .jC JJ ljjl^;\\ en 
nahdr da qabl bukra, 
the sooner the better. 
,:igC 6a /ctiW, codfish. 

^ hukki, buckle, pi. J$o bukal, 
oro^ISC bukldt, 
m vba/cam, dumbness; Cl ab- 

Aram, dumb, /'em. 1$C ba/c- 
ma, pi. Kjbukm. 

^,{^^^biky (jibky), to weep, 
mourn; <*\ ^ ^^ bijibky 
'aki timmoh, he mourns 
his mother. Jo bakka, to 
cause to weep, cause to 
mourn. l^C buka, act of 
weeping, lamentation. 
Ji(J-) ball (jibill), or Jji 
balbil, to moisten, wet. JJl 
inball, or JJl itball, 
to be moistened, wet. Jjl^ 
mablM, moistened, wet. 
J. ball, or 4i. balbila,acl of 
moistening, wetting. ^. 
bilyla, seethed Indian corn 
or wheat eaten with milk 
and sugar ,pi. Ji^A; baldjil. 
;>^, bala, see J. 
i!>^. biWcZ, see -liT 

o!5^. baUXda, see jL 

j.!)^i to Ms, see V 

t/.S^; baM>;, or ^^^S^. balldsy, jar 
(made in a village called 
ballds), pi. c^>^. balalys; 
u^^. Jr'-> r(i<jfi7 balldsy, 
man of straw. 

AL*!il baldsqa, cavalry 




pl. c>\i^% balasqdt. 

-1'^^. baldt, see U 

**>l balWa, see id, 

**>l haWiga, see iL 
t)l»>lj {,J^)halamdn (kalb)^ mon- 
ster dog. 

*''>l! balldna, bath-woman,mfts. 

sense, pl. ^l":^. ballandt. 
o^^. iijo^'f, ) balbas, to wipe with 
a mop.jjtfU; bulbds, mop, pl, 
^jAo^i; balabys. 

J^. bulbul* nightingale, pi. J, ::>|, 
^balah, dates, sg*. t^.balaha, 
pl.J^l balahdt;^^/^^ balah 
^amry, v'lch black dates ;^. 
ol,-l6ato/i am hat, soft black 
dates ; (i_^- ^, balah sijwy, 
or j|«- ^ balah samdny, or 
ji-»l^ balah as far, yellow 
datesj^jil ^^ baiahabrymy, 
Nubian dates; .-^l ^:^:^[ ba- 
lahl^n el mi'za, goat's 

jk {J^)bilid(jiblad),ov balUd, 
to be slow, dull. o!^. toict- 
da_, slowness^ dulness. jlL 

balyd, slow, dull, jsZ. Ijj, 
J^_ balad, village, town, pl ^^ 
bildd. i^^; bildd, country. 
ifj^_ balady, native,country. 
made; tSJ^.sJS^kalb balady, 
street dog ; isj^\\ ^\ el 
maglis el balady, the Mu- 
nicipal Council ; (SJi>, lf.'.^"» 
qaddyha balady, do it any 
bow ! j,^j\,_ yi^huwa baladyjy^ 
he is my countryman ; \j, 
jCjjj humma baladyjdty 
they are my countrymen. 
d^^'.balasdn, elder tree. 
a:^', balsam, balm. 
aA'. ( u^h ^ balas (Jublus ), to 
impose upon, extort; jLj,4.Jj 
balasoh bl riydi, he extorted 
a dollar from him. ^\:\ 
inbalas, or ^joXjI itbalas, [n 
be imposed upon, cheated, 
^Je.\bals^ imposition, cheat. 
^J^)^• balds, sexual organ 
in the male. 

e I. 

ial; (U.,) ballat, to pave; Jial; ^« 
^Tji huwa ballat fis sikka, 



lie could walk no further ; 
^^1\ JciaL yh huwa balkit 
V(toi filus, he does not wish 
to pay the money; tlx'j' *-^ 
ial.3 katab marritin we 
ballat, he wrote twice and 
discontinued. LLll itballaf, 
to be paved. iaL. muballat, 
paved. iaJj tablyt^ act of 
paving. I»^j baZd(, slabs of 
stone, stone for pavement, 
sg. *J»>li baldta, pi. vl-U»!^i 
pi. J^<l«.\;• muballat yn. 

aLI &cd(a, hatchet, axe, _pi. wlkL 
baltdt, or Jal &ato(. j^^'- 
6a i(a9' J/, pioneer, sapper, pi. 
ajM'. baltagyja. 

Ja». 6«<Zf«/, trout, sg'.i.U, biiltyja, 
pi. wUkl bultyjAt. 
Jj ( »L) ) bato'" (jibki'), to swal. 
low. A balla', to cause to 
swallow. AjI inbala\ or«L"l 
itbala\ to be swallowed. J. 
bar, act of swallowing. ac^I 
balWa, sewer, drain, pZ. 
oi*!>lb balla'dt. J% balaly\ 

i\; ( «L ) balag ( jublug ), to 
reach, attain, be of full age; 
j^_ balagny, I heard. iL 
ballag , or >^)\ablag ^io notify, 
communicate, inform, ill 
iblag, to be of full age. »\l 
bdlig^ to exaggerate. ^"1 
itballag^ to be notified, com. 
municated. iSi bdlig, of full 
age.iiJ tablyg, notification, 
information, pf. oli^L' tably. 
gdt.'^^> baldg, notice, news, 


«L. mablag, sum, total, a 

great deal, pi. i'L. mabdlig. 

i\> muballig, informant, pi. 


ga^ exaggeration, pi. olilL. 

jA) balgam, phlegm. 
^J.) balga, yellow leather native 

shoe, pi. il balag. 

«-*i^. fe«^A* valve. 
jii balag, dappling. jU ablaq, 

dappled, piebald, fern. Ul 

balqa, pi. jl 6«Z^. 





4S> bulka* ladies' jacket, pi. 
oSCL bulkdt. 
Cjf^\ balkon* balcony,smallsail, 
pi. ol;/! balkondt. 

JA; balky * perhaps; Ji^balky 
JWy, lie may come; I jT JX 
balky keda, perhaps so; ^\j 
^J^\J U balky ma rdhs, he 
may not have gone. 
k ( f^ri ) ballim, to be mute, 
silent, dumb. L.maballim, 
mute,silent,dumb, astounded. 

4^: balanga* iron flsh-plate, 
pl. o'f^; balangdt. 
4ki:L balansyta* plane table, 
planchette^ pl. d\L.L-\ ba- 
j.^1. ballus, seeV 
il j^j baiaA;/company of soldiers, 
wing of a building, pl.d€^^^ 
bulukdt ; Jul iJj^; ^u/u/f 
amyn, quarter-master ser- 

J; ( Jo ) toto ryi&^«/j, to afflict. 
JIM to, to care, give impor. 
tance. JJl inbala, or Jjl 
iifcato, to be afflicted, jjl 



iiballa, to make a false 
statement, accuse falsely. J*. 
mably, or Ji^^mubtaly, afRic 
kind of skin disease,leprosy; 
^^Jli c^^'- hosdn bilbala^ or 
JjjVl^^J'; jl-i»-/ios(tn bil bala 
ela^^raq^ miserable horse, 
worthless horse. .VU muba. 
Id, care, anxiety. Jjto6a%, 
pretence, false accusation. 
tS^i balwa, or Uj balyja, 
affliction, misfortune, pl. 
<^i'% baldicy; iSj^.J'r\jrdgil 
balwa, tenacious man; Jo-lj 
U; rdgil balyja^ good-for- 
nothing man;OUc5.):>l4.ilS^4:j 
bitoh kallifoh baldwy 
hdrra^ his house cost him 
heaps of money. 
biljdrdo,* billiards, billiard, 

balyd^ seej^, 
bilyla^ see J. 
balyja, see li 

ftf/nm, 6Jm.^ jr J^I c.j| ;<=« 
i»g»Z bimm, hold your 





tongue! not a word more! 

iXjibumhdg* cravat, pl.Z^o^j: 

^bumb* shells, bombs, sg. 
4.C bumba, pi. oU bumbdt. 

A^zbamba* rose coulour, rose 

y, bunn, coffee-berries. j,b 
banndn, coffee seller, pi. 
ijVi banndna. 

L bina^ and b banna, and *.A-i 
bindja, see^ 
^ bint, girl, daughter, pi. ob 
bandt; ^\ ^-^ bint el 'amm, 
and Jli:-! >i^. bint el Ijdl, 
cousin fem. ; ^Vl sl^j 6/ni 
elaljh, niece; O^. j,: &in^ 
binut, damsel, virgin; ,_^j 
Jl; ^ibyb bandty, pipless 
raisins; o'^^j'^l ^W bandt 
el tiddn, glands on both 
sides of the throat; '^bitt, 
contraction of <i,i bint. *~u 
binayjO,j dauglitcr ]>l. oui 
Ji::, bantu fly,* pair of slippers, 
pi, o!!iU::i| bantu fldt. 

y::; bento, or ^^u benty, or j_p 
centy* Napoleon, 20 Fr. 
piece, pi. Jb bandt y, or 
oV^ bentyjdt. 
^'. ( ^^. ) 6ft"« ig , to put under 
chloroform. «.:Jl itbannig, 
to be put under chloroform. 
)^.. /?? ?/ ba nnig^ov ^-..u m i t^ 
bannig, put under chloro- 
form. ^{lS tabnyg, act of 
putting under chloroform. ^_ 
bing, chloroform. 
J^. bnngar, beet-root. 
J--'; band, article, clause, pi. :>^j 

jX.) bandar, chief town of a 
province, /:>/. jjb banddir. 

Jjc. ( 3^^_ ) bandaq, to shoot, 
execute; .yXj bandaquh, or 
x^c^ ^A:<bandaqu alc'li, they 
shot him. jXJbunduq , guns, 
rifles, sg. -uijn, bunduqyja, 
pl. J^b banddiq, oroUj^J 
(hiqyja sii/jdna, rillod gun. 

jjLi biinduq, nuts, .'?5'. *»jl:) ferm. 
(/a^-a, /)i. oUjl^ bunduqdt. 

jsh ^i^ basab bunduq, 
"\'enetian timber. Jjtjbf/ndw- 
qy, 'N'enetian sequin, /»^.«i^ip 
banddqa; Jj^:. ^»j dahab 
bunduqy, 24 carat gold. 

,jjjii bundera* flag, banner, 
standard, /)/. _,,ili banadyr, 
or cj^x-^^. btinderdt, 

J^»jy bansahir, lemon, antidote; 
_^»_)l j^ hagar bansahir, 
benzoar stone; j,^» jo viU:^ ^k 
huwa ganbak bansahir 
compared to you he is a great 
deal better. 
^^'i bin is, robe, loose gown, 

pi. vi.\iti binisdt, 
Ja^ 6«n(, or iaj butt*, ])\ini, 
Ci)\cbantal6n* trousers ; ^jlkij 
<Sj\y bantaldn sawdry, 
riding breeches. 

f^. banafsig, violets, sg. ^^'^\ 
banafsiga, pl_ cAf^. ba- 
nafsigdt. ^^-'. banafsig y, 
violet colour, 
dl-; bank*, bank, office, bench, 
seat, pi, iJyj bunAk, or ^^ 
banuka ; (^jli«\\ diJ\ e/ 

6anfe el ^iqdry, land and 
mortgage bank ; ojl;ykJ\ dJli 
ftanfe er mhundt, pawn- 
shop. j^_ banker, banker, 
pi ajjvvL bankeryja, 
^^. bankH*, banquette, berme' 
of a canal. 
A-^bcnna* steel \en,pl. Jv 
benan, or c-t; benndt. 
jy; banniir, crystal. ,j^i bannu. 
ra, small bottle for liquor, ^ 
phial, pi. Otj^j bannurdt, 
or j^'U; bananyr. 
^^.((irl) ^««« (jibny), to 
build, construct. ^1 m- 
&ana, or ^"1 itbana, to 
be builtj constructed. J.JI 
itbanna, to adopt (a son). 
^^-. mabny, built, construc- 
ted, b fejna or buna, or Ajb 
bindja, or ijU. bunjdn, 
building, edifice, construe, 
lion, pi. 4.^.1 abnyja, or 
.Ll^ binajdt or JL« ma- 
bdny; ^J>J^\ Jy ^.U bindja 
f6q elard, superstructure. 
l:» banna, mason, pi, job 




bannayjyn; Jc tb bundan 
'ala, therefore, for tliis 
reason, according to. aui 
bunja^ constitution, phy- 

jL; binny, best Nile flsh. 

(J; bany, see ^,\ 
0^^. bunjdn, see ^^; 
jSTj; 6«nnf/A'rt, trestle on which 
hawkers place their boards, 
pi. w^SC^. bannykdl. 

^ri biinja, seej_ji 

-4:; binayja, see ^ 

j\^,biihdr, spices, p^. wljl^^ 

sl'j^ ( ^l^irl ) &«Viai (jibhat ) io 
fade (colour), be pale, ^i^^l 
inbahat, or j,/^"l itbahat, 
to be surprised, astounded. 
,;>\i fect/iii, or^l:^ bahldn, 
fading, pale, ^l*^^* mabMit^ 
surprised, astounded. 

Jj^( Jj^_ ) bahdil, to maltreat, 
disgrace. J-^'l itbahdil, 
tobe maltrealed, disgraced. 
disgraced. As^. bahdila^ 

maltreatment, disgrace. 

r jtr ( ttjH ) bah rag, to adorn, 
decorate, r-j^'^ itbahrag^ 
to be adorned, decorated. 
^_^* mubahrag. adorned, 
decorated. 4o._,f. bahraga, 
adornment, decoration, fin- 
ery, o^jt: buhrugdn, feast. 

Ja^ ,Ja/^;l (Ja^v.) ) inbtthat (jin- 
bihit), to be greatly asto- 
nished, fascinated. i»_j^» 
mabhiitj greatly astonished, 
fascinated. aL^. bahta^ as- 
tonishment, fascination. 

A-JV (J^tr=i) itbahlil, to 
be delighted, amazed. Jl^ 
mabahlil, delighted, ama- 
zed, ^y^. bahlila, delight, 
amazement. J.^^: bahlCil, 
silly, idiotic, maniac. 
i)ljlp bahlcoicdn", rope-dancer, 
acrobat, circus, pi. wl'ljl,- 
^)^bahUil,s,eG Jli^, 

J^ bahly^ openly ; w»-j»- »;^^ 
J^\ Jc es sitt fjaragct \ilal 
bahly, the lady went out 




without covering her face. 

j^ijif^l) hahicar, or J^^ 
bah wag, to bore wide, be 
too wide, j^'l itbahwar, 
or J^(-.*I itbahwag, to be 
bored wide, too wide. j^^. 
mubahwar, orj^^. mubah. 
wag, bored too wide, too 
wide. »j^(- bahwara, or 
4.5^^ bahwaga, act of bor- 
ing too wide. 
^^ bihym, brute, beast, pi, A^ 

y baw, scare-crow. 

wi^ batiwdb^ and 4jI'^_ bauwdba 
see ^l 

^ly buwdJi, see ^l. 
jt-1^; bawasyr, see j^-^. 

Al'^, bdtaga, crucible, jp/. sLUJ^ 

»jiji bddra, see.jjy 

ri^y. bodyno*, pudding. 
jy_ bdr, see j\. 

j\jybordny, special manner in 
which vegetables are some- 
times cooked. 

*-*jy bdrsa,* stock exchange, pi. 

oUj^i bor^dt, 

»ijy. bord* , chest of drawers, 
pi. ^V*3jy_ borohdt, 

iSjy. bury,h[ig]e,pl. i^j'^y. bawd. . 
ry\^iJ- or ^^,j^: biirugy, 
bugler, pi. K^^iy. or ^^jjy. 

(Sjy.bury, whiting (fish), sg. 
4jjy baryja,pl ^\,jj>bary- 
i^hjy.burik*, meat patties, sg. 
aSCj^i bureka, pi. o^j^i 
j'y. (jy:[)bauwi^,io pout, be sul- 
ky. jy^'Tnubauwiz, pouting, 
sulky, y,.' tabwyz, act of 
pouting, sulkiness. jy. buz ^ 
mouth, muzzle, snout, pi. 
j\y\ abwds ; tjy (s) lawa 
buzoh, he is cross, he is in 
ill-humour ; *.«jM jy bus el 
gasma, toe of shoe ;4ji.l\j^_ 
bus el bagla, cut waters 
(of a bridge). 

^ ., bus, and K^y_ bdsa, see ^l> 

y.^y bt'isto,* corset, pi. sL 







Ki^y_ bdsta^ or *k-^| bdota, * Post 

office, moil, p/. olt-^ 6os- 

tdt ; itr-^ ^L sd'f/ busta, 

or jc^^. bostagy. Postman; 

A:-y_ j^.U mamiir bdsta, 

Post Master. 
J.y. &(5s,* bosh, trash, nil_, 

useless; J.^ ^.^kaldmak 

bds, you are talking stuff 

and nonsense. 
*r-y. busyja, see 'iJy 
(_;*j> fejis, reeds, s^'. -u>_^_ busa^ pi. 

^\^ybusdt-^i^y_ b«sa,*inch; 

i£Xi^^yb{is hindy ^hamhoo. 
A-^y busla* note, memorandum, 

compass, mariner's needle,, 

pi. Cj'^^ji busldt. 
<^y. buza^ Nubian beer, Nubian 

beer shop, pl.]iy buwas, or 

vlflU^r buzdt. 
^y. bA\ metatarsal bone of the 

great toe; *cy j^. Acf^^jjtj^_ I. 

maJi^rafskCi'oh m in bd'oh^ 

he does not know his right 

hand from his left. 
AiJ\cy_ bogdtkCj' Turkish patties. 
,i\iy bo^dda *y^SiShing with ashes. 

j'c.^1 bogdz, strait, harbour, pass, 
pi. Oljlcji bogazdt ; jU^ 
*j jJuSC-lfeop'd^ iskindiryja^ 
entrance to the harbour of 
j'y{ Jjj ) bauwaq, to play the 
trumpet, reply insolently. 
j)^J tabwyq, act of playing 
the trumpet, replying inso- 
lently. Jji bug, trumpet, pi. 
jIjjI abwdq. 
^}y bo I, see J I 

i,^ybuldd, steel, 

jHybulAq^ quarter of Cairo; -Ij 
jVy ^ rdh 'a to buldq, he 
vomited. JV^; buldqy, ap- 
pertaining to buldq^pl^Aj^ij, 

t)^y bdUa* walk, stroll;v_.^.»-lj 
tieSy rdh jidrab bolta, he 
went for a stroll. 
4$^IJ^ bolytyka* diplomacy, com. 
pliments; <iSCaJ ,. a! J-^ 'amal 
loh bolytyka, he flattered 
^y, bolys/ Police ; ^J^y. ^^*' 
'askary bolys, or ^y. J^l.> 





wdhid bolys, a policeman- 
iSf,.^ tr:^y. bolys ''askary, 
military Police. 
A^^i bolysa* invoice, bill of lad- 
ing, pl_ ^\j> bawdlis, 
iulji bolyt, doormat. 
^y, bum, owls, sg. *..^_ bCima, 

pi. oU^i bumdt, 
dy. 6(5n,*bond,security, pl.^^y, 

*j"y. btinyja or bfinja* fist, box, 
pl.cX^iybunyjdt or bunjdt, 
*>A'.bauna, 10th. month of the 

Coptic calendar. 
*iy. b<^>J0', paint, pi. ol^y. bojdt; 
f jr *i>i ftf^J^^ gizam, shoe 
blacking, j^y bujagy, pain, 
ter, shoe-black, pZ. 4._>;^y bo- 


sZXj^bajdt^ see c-l 
olji bijdda* infantry; ..>L *.;* 
gazma bijdda^ ankle boot. 
,jLi to t/yctra, spring in a river or 
acanal, j3i. >L»\j\j bayjardt. 
^L bajdd^ see j_pi_j 
^U bayjd\ see ^\. 
Ci^bajdn, seci^jl) 




»j^-«i feysf^t 


b^ t , and ^\ij^ baja td n , and 
jj &^^^, see ol 
byr^ well, /)/,. jLl abjdr, 
or jL; bijdr. jLi bayj'dr^ 
professional clearer of wells. 
bSraq* standard, banner, 
flag, colours of a regiment, 
ensign, pi. jju, bajdriq. 
jU»^. biraqddr , standard 
bearer, /)Z. Aijljij^i bdraq- 

byra* , beer, beer shop, pi. 
^*-*; byrdt. ^ij^j*; byra- 
ryja, beer shop, beer shop 
maid,p/. >l'\jj'jrj; byraryjdt. 
bysdra, native dish of 
mashed beans, 
(^.o) bayjad, to whiten, 
whitewash, enamel cooking 
utensils, copy fair. (Ja-^\ 
itbayjad, to be whiten- 
ed, whitewashed, enamelled 
(cooking utensils), copied 
fair, fji.^ mubayjAd, or 
^^jumitbayjad, whitened, 
whitewashed, enamelled, 
copied fair, ^ji^u tabyjyd, 




act of whitening, white- 
washing, enamelling cook- 
ing utensils, copying fair. 
^j,\^ bajdd, whiteness, 
white of eggs, badigeon, 
plaster ; ^L. Jc 'a to 
hajdd, blank. oUIj ba- 
jaddi, bed sheets, under- 
dress, (ji-il ahjad, white, 
fern. Li-> b^rla, pi. ^.i byd ; 
(-ya.^\ 4.i5 qalboh abjad, he 
bears no malice; (ja.^_\ ,_^i 
dahababjad,]^\atinum; ajjU 
Uui gdrja bida, Circassian 
female sla\e.fjk^>mubayj(Xd, 
copying clerk, one who 
enamels cooking utensils,one 




who whitewashes, pi. Oi^ 

bi^d, and jlJu. ftj/rMn, see^^li 
bytdr, farrier, /)^ . e^tL. 
bajdtra. iS^ X>- hakym 
bitary, veterinary surgeon. 
6e'', see M; 
bykdr , see J^-j-. 
bylja* marble taw, pi. 
oUj byljdt. 

ben, between; cc^^J^ cf; i'^'i 
el benSn, middling, medL, 
um ; ^j£ U jjjj UL-I istanna 
liben ma jigy, wait until 
he comes! 
bciyjina, see ^jlj 
bij a raid y, * hrewetoi rank. 

O = t 

j\: (w.^. ") ictb {jHt{cb) to re- 
pent ; _^\ j^ »_*l) t(i& 'an 
es sukr, he gave up drink; 
* W ^^i Ui J rabbinCi jutAb 
"alayja, may God forgive 


me! >_*'y iauwib, to lead 
one to repentence. Ai.y <c)6a, 
repentence.>«^_y:l tatwyb^i^ci 
of leading one to repentence, 
wi\J tdjih, repentant, pi. 



(ju-ili tajbyn. 
^l; tdbi\ see «.; 
kl^;lr ^xbii«J, coffin, sarcophagus, 
jH. ^,\y tawabyt; ■i,y}j aJU 
sdqja tablet, water-wheel 
in ^^■hich no jars are used. 
^^ tdta, step by step (babies' 
»jy^ tattira^see .^ylj 
j^^ tasyr, seej\ 
^ tdg, see ^y 
-'^^CjrW) ^^«5'«>, to trade, 
traffic, carry on commerce. 
»j^ tigdra, or ^f* matgar, 
trade, commerce, /5^. "JL-ljl^ 
tigardt, ov j^[:» matdgir. 
j>-\,i ^ct^{7', merchant, trader, 
/J^. jl^ tugdr or ir/^*- 

ya id^fiV^ publicly. »^jlf 

tigdry^ commercial. 

jj:^\r top-t/r, see j-\ 

< « 

jj^U tagyl, see J».| 

j^\i tafiyr, see j^-l 

Ajilr tadyja, see ifil 

>• (j,i) tdr (Jityr\ to fly 

at, attack; AAfrjU ,J^\ ei 

kalbtdr "aleh, the dog flew 
at him. 
j^" td7\ revenge, vengeance; Ji-I 
»j\jal}ad tdroh^ or »j\:>_ Ji-\ 
aliad bitdroh^ or .jl; ^je^i- 
hallas tdr oh, he had his 
j\; idr, native tambourine, 
small drum, pi. o^j^'' tyrdn. 
Jj>yj\: termomitr* thermometer, 
pi. oljl>_j.jlr termomitrdt. 
';j\j tdratan^ a time, at times; 
•--O. •J^'-J ij-i'^j^ tdratan 
j'imsy we tdratan jirkab, 
he sometimes walks and 
sometimes rides. 
iij\] tar yd, see r-jl 
.) jU iari/^y, cadastre,land survey. 
,jl; tdsa,* fresh, freshly made. 
<.y^\] tasAma, slipper, pi. ^\y 

^J^^ tasys, see ^^.-i 
jrci \> tasyr, see yi I 
Jfl" taakkul, see J^l 
jiMJ takyd, see jS^I 
cJl»" i(J^ii, see ^l; 
^l; tdlif, see k_ilJ 




i\S tdlim, see 1; 

>_iJl; iai///", sec ^_ill 
,.lT <<tm, see ^ 

j^.L" tamyr^ see ^^1 

i>\«lT irtmj/n, see ^^«1 
jl" taanny, see Jl 

Jlj' ^ttny, see ^^T 
.li(.yo) fd/i (jutuh), to lose 
one's way, go astray ; j^ »lr 
tji-\tdh "an ahtih, he missed 
his brotlier. .y tauwih, to 
cause one to lose his way, 
lead astray, -u taijjih, to be 
proud or haughty, feign not 
to hear or sQe,ici}^tdjih, lost, 
gone astray ; a.\J 4I.4P "aqloh 
(ciyj/i, his wits have gone a 
wool gathering, o. mutay- 
Jj/i, proud, hauglity,one who 
feigns not to hear or see.Ajy:! 
tatwyh^act of causing one 
to lose his way, leading one 
astray. A-Jir tat yjy a, \)rk\e, 
haught incss, act of feigning 
not to hear or see.i^jUy tawa. 
Ad«,,actof losingone's way. 

J»lj taahhul, see J*\ 

*_<5\J .w.jC'1 ( yj^bi ) ittdwib, to 
yawn. a,)[ia mutdwbcc^ act 
of yawning. 
^,\stdjib, see ^_,l; 
4,\; tdjih, see ,\; 
xA>to,yjyd, see Jul 
^\j tabdt, see j^* 
^-L; tabatyk, false pretences, 
make up. 
^ts tabbdn, see /,_j 
^j (c^i ) tabbit^ see ^' 
jocJ tabby r, see _^ 
jjj^j tabdyl, see Jjl, 
j,_ JLj tabsyi\ see ji, 
e."jj; tabarru\ see s-jj 
jti j_j tabryd, see iji 
lilju tabrykj see ilj; 
aj jj tabryj'a, see *1^_ 
j_^ij tabsyr^ see _^i) 
Ja.kJ tabtyt^ see Jaki 
JJnJ tabtyl, see Jks 

»J ( »^_ ) tafia' (jitba" ), or 
.J"! ittaba\ to follow. i^"l 
ittabba\ to follow, act 
upon, obey, itil" tafii", fol- 
lower, servant, 73/. f-L'l 
aifici'; ^j.ijJ\ »l;l aiM' eZ 




be r ins, the Prince's suite. 
«J taba\ belonging to; 
»J I J rfa taba\ this depends; 
4«j li ^1:5J\ el kitdb da 
taba^oh, this book is his. 
*jlJ taba^a^ or 4-«J taba^y- 
ja, allegiance^ nationality; 
A^l &f7 tabcCyja, in turn, 
successively, one after the 
other. cAjI ittibd\ act of 
following, compliance; CLiI 
i)j.V ittibd^an U amrak, in 
compliance with your order. 
»jl:L. maiai(t6r_,consecutive, 
Jf' (Jri) ict'bbil,[o season, spice, 
baste. Jj;,- tatbyl, act of 
seasoning, spicing, basting. 

JalJ tablyt, see ial, 
iX» tablyg^ see il 
ujj" ^J&«, chopped straw; j^^'y 
(jjT huwa mayja taht tibn, 
he is sly. jlj tabbdn, straw 
seller, pZ. aj'C* tabbdna, ajC* 
tabbdna, straw magazine. 

^L-:J tabnyg , see ^_ 

jj_^r tabwyj-, see jli 

j:^:? tabwys, sec j^^ 

JLj^J tab toys, see 
ii[^* tabwys, see iil 
ji^J tabwyq, see j-_,, 
j^" i r6^^,*kind of cloth material 
kl.-u tabyt, see ^;^' 
Ja^.:^ tabyjyd, see ^_^, 
J*.i^ tatbyl, see Jj 
jt^£' tatmym, see ^r 
c^c' tatmyn, see -c 
O"^' ^?<^jm,* tobacco, ^c^' tutun- 
gy, pipe-bearer, valet, joi. 
aJ=^ tutungyja, 
^_^i tatwyb, see ^l" 
^y; tatwyg, see ^y 
AjyJ tatwyh, and aJu tatyjyh, 

see .1" 
^.li" tasbyt, see o^f 
,jl^ tigdra, see j^-l; 
^\i.tagdsur, see ^..j^ 
,\itagdh, see *».^ 
j^tagabbur, see j\>. 
\^taghym, see < 
JO ji tagdyd, see a». 
>^_jii tagdyf, see ^J<»- 
ioji-tagriba, see k^j»- 
ju_,i tag r yd, see jj*- 
y^Lj^tagrys, see ^j»- 




(.Jr tagrym, see ^^ 

'(Sj^tag^y, see ^\y~ 

,j — f tagassus^ see ^j^ 

jy>^ tag^yr, see _,»»■ 

T^'^ taglyU, see ii^ 

J^f^ taglyd, see jjja. 

•^t^ tagmyd, see Ji?- 

j>^f taghys, see 34*- 

J^r^ tahbyr, see jt>- 

■1*:}^ tahhyz , see iiu>- 
^^ fa/i^, under_, below, be- 
neath;^jVI ^taht el arcl, 
subterranean; *iji tahtoh, 
or jU4 j^ fa/i^ minnoh, 
under him, below liim_, be- 
neath him, his junior _,his 
subordinate; c^& cJ^ ^ m in 
taht li taht, secretly, on the 
sly. Jlii tahldny, the lower 
one, sly, cunning. 

Jb Jl^ tahdyd, see j*- 

^jZ tahdyq, sec JJ»- 

jji-iahzyr^ see j-i»- , 

j^ i tahryg, see r-j>- 

j, ji lahryr, and j-j.j- tah- 
ryrgy, sec _,^ 
^_ji6 lahrys, see ^j^j»- 

dii^ tahrykj see iJy 
/Tji tahrym, see |»j>- 

iS^taharry, see c5j»- 
jrji tahsym, see (»j»- 

0^^ tahsyn, see ^^,-.7- 
(_^i^ tahsys, see ^_^»- 

*r-^ ttthsyja^ see ^^ 

J-<ii iftA.sf/;, and j^L^tahsylgy, 
and j\j^^tahsylddr,see^ya3' 

(j^tahsyn, see ^^-a?- 

^-a^ tahrlyr, see y.^*- 

iaJi^ ^a/i(?/t, see i^.- 
>-^(._i*-l) tahaf (jithif), to 
present or invest with, ^-i*.'! 
intahaf, to be presented or 
invested with, adorned. ^Jy*'' 
mathiif, invested, adorned, 
gay. 4.i^ tuhfa, rarity, 
master.piece, /)/. >_i^ tuhaf. 
^if mathaf, museum, pi. 
iwip-b. matdhif. 

Jaii tahaffa::, and i^i^ tahfy^, 

SCO iii»- 

^^ tahfyd^ sec j_^ 
^j^i tahfyf^ sec ^»- 

jjii tahqyq, sec j»- 

^itahkym, sec ^ 



Ji^ tahlyl, see Jo- 
*ii tahlyja, see Ja- 
j^^tahmyr^ seejf- 
,ja^ tahmys, see^-yx?- 
^d tahnys, see ,_;-> 
Jaurfi tahnytjSeeL:^ 
jtfi- tahwyr, see j^>- 
ijjji- tahioySj sec jiU 
Jij^i tahicyt, sec JaU 
Ji_yi tahwyl, see JU 
*:^ iO'f}yj<^, see ,^ 
^( g. ) <«M (jutubb), to rot. 
^l; rt?^j-5, rotten. 
*!* tahAna^ see ^;,i 
u^r"*^ tahbys, see ,_^ 
JcJ<^ tabby I, see JJ- 
*r^ tahbyjCc, see ^ 
C>^ fa^^, bench, /)Z. C.y^ tufiut; 
<.;kU\ ^ ia/|.i es saltana, 
capital of a country;4.J"i/ 1 j>i 
iaht akUyja, band of native 
musicians or singers, ^i- 
tahtcij blackboard, platform, 
plank, pi, z^tuhat, or oUi 
Z^ tihlt, stout, thickset. 
j.^-ii lahtahds* blackboard. 

^\ijj^tahtarawdn*\\iiQT, palan, 

J-oJC tahgyl, see ji" 
j^ ji tahdyr, see jjii- 
s-'!ji* tahryb, sec^j- 
JaJ J^ tahryt, see I»ji- 
«-*ij=* tahryf, see ^Jji- 
^j=^ tahrym, see f ji- 
*ti^ tabsyba, see ^^ii- 
ui^^talisyn, see jd,^ 
o«-:'^^ tabsys, see ^jai- 
j^'^ tahdyr, see ^^ 
■5^:^ ta/jtyt^ see Jai- 
J^'^ tabfyd, see ^ii- 
•^^talifyf, see c-ii- 
o^^'^ tahlys^ see ^jj*- 
^^ tahly\ see -ii- 
d-^'^ taljlyl, see Ji- 
^{K) icci'(^"'^ (Jutbum), to 
cause indigestion. ^1 mto- 
6am, to suffer from indiges- 
tion. ^yc'mai^dww, one who is 
suffering from indigestion. 
A.ji tuhma indigestion. 
^^*i^ tabmyr, see y- 
jjiJ* tabmyn, see j*- 
a'^Ct^-) ^^^''^ (jitban), to 





be thick^ slout. ji- tahban, 
to cause to be thick or 
stout. ^ tulin, or *^\i- 
tabdna, thickness, stout- 
ness, rudeness, ijjji tibyn, 
thick, stout, coarse ; Cx^i- aU^ 
"aqloh tiljyn, he is stupid, 
he is slow of understanding. 
^Ji,_^tafiwyf, see oU- 
CX^tahwyn, see C)^ 
Oi^iibyn, see ^ 
Ji-ljb" taddbul, see Ji-j 
j»jX tadbyr, see j. j 
Ji-^' tadbyq, see j;j 
JrT^ tadgyl, see Ja-j 
J;*--^" tadhyl, see Ji-i 
^j-^" tadryg, see ^jj 
JJ-Aj" tadqyq, see Ji 
*^-^* tadkyk, see i)i 
o-J-AJ tadlys, see ^j 
*^-^ tadlyja,secji 
^•^ tadmy\ see ».j 
•r^.J"^* tadioyb, see ^'^ 
j'.J'*'* tadwyr, seejb 
^J-^" tad toy g, see i^ji 
•X-^' taxkara,an(\j~fJSta^kar. 
g y ,Qxn)i j§J:taxkyr , sec /j 


tasnyb, see w^i 
t a rdb, sec ^'j 
tarabis:a^0Y.j..^ \jUarabeza* 
table, pZ. oljjilj^ tarabezdt, 
tarrds, driver of pack ani- 
mals, joi. a- IV tarrdsa. 
tarddy, see ^^j 
teramwdj* tramway. 
(>_,jl) tarrab, to raise 
dust, cause to be dusty. 
y^'j\ ittarrab, to be dusty, 
covered with dust. ^jl. 
muttarrab, dusty, covered 
with dust. s^\j turdb, dust, 
earth, pi. 4;yl atriba; 
j_^jlil\ ^\Jj A^\ inbdJ' bi 
turdb el fil{is, it was 
sold dirt cheap. A)_J ttirba, 
grave, pi. s^j turab. ^^j 
turaby, grave - digger,/)^. 
i^jturabyja. j,\j turdby, 
appertaining to the dust, 
dust colour ; ij\j <^ 
nafsoh turdby, he is very 
modest. Aijjt ma traba, bor- 
row-pit,/)i. v-.j\i« matdrib. 
(triJn) tarbis, to close 

it J 



with a bolt, barricade; 
^c^\jy>huwa tarbis ^alay- 
ja, he locked me up. ^y:_j\ 
ittarbis, to be closed, bar- 
ricaded. ^_>. miitarbis, 
closed, barricaded. \^\jtar- 
bisa, act of closing with 
a bolt, barricading. ^\j 
tirbds, door bolt_,pZ. ^^\j 
^.J turba, and jy turaby, 
see i_<j* 
^i.S tarbyt. see Jajj 
**:!j^ tarby'a, see «|j 
^tlj' tarbyja, see (^^ 
JJtirtir, small round pieces 
of gold or silver used for em. 
broidering ladies' dresses, 
sg. »jj tirtira, pi. C>\J J 
J\yj terotwdr* side- walk, foot- 
path, pi. ^\j\yj terotwa- 
s^ j tartyb, see ^j 
p^j ( j^jy ) tar gim, to translate, 
interpret. ^J\ ittargim, to 
be translated, interpreted. 

>- ju mutargim ov m ittar- 
gim, translated, interpret- 
ed. 4.^ J* targima, trans- 
lation, interpretation ^pl. 
»-\J tardgim, or olfj" 
targimdt. >.jl. mutargim, 
translator, interpreter, pi. 
(j<.^>. mutargimyn, cM'J 
turgumdn, dragoman, pi. 
A.?-lj" tardgma, or uK"'j^ 

^J targy\see^j 

AfJ tarhyla, see Jo-j 
j^:>J tarhys, see ^yi^j 

^-f- J tarbyja, see J^ J 
iij' taraddud, see ^j 

Jlij^ tarzyl, see Jij 

<^Jy tarzy* tailor, /jZ. 4.jy 

,j'j tirs, shield, cogged-wheel, 
/Ji. ^jj>" turds. i^J tirsa, 
turtle, pi. vi-UjI tirsdt. 

fj-j taras* cuckold, p^. zX^y 

o'J tars,* in a contrary man- 
ner; ^y^^^ dlJ.i-i JS" /««ii 
iuglak bit tars, all you do 

AiL J 



is wrong. 
<iLy tarsdna^or ii\i^J (arsafjd- 

na, arsenal, dockyard, pi. 

oliUj' tarsandt, or C^i'^J 

*:x-jr tarasyna* balcony, pi. 

Cilu-j^ tarasyndt. 
^j tarsyh, see «^j 


tarassud, see a,^j 

t^:^jT torst/s, see ^J>J 
kJ>} tardyja, see ^j 
w>jl»j'" tartyb, see s_^i»j 
<Cj" tjr'a, canal, pi. ^i tira"; 
yjj-^lcj tir'et saj-f, canal 
of discharge; iljii AC j" tir'et 
yrdd, canal of supply; Icj 
k_ijii iir'ei taljfyf, canal of 
relief ; f-yvJ\ AiiV W^/iet ei i j_ 
m', canal act. 
a-^J {^Jj)tarfis,ov^jidarfis, 
to be stout, corpulent. ^JJS^ 
mutarfis, stout, corpulent. 
A-iy tarfisa, stoutness, 
tijtirfa, early fruit or vege- 
Sj taraqqy,SQejj 

»Jj tarqy\ see Jj 
^j'(^>!) tom/f (jutruk), to 
leave,give up, abandon.iJj^M 
m^ara/f, to be left,given up, 
abandoned. ii^Ji, matrAk, 
left, given up, abandoned ; 
Zj'^jju matrukdt, objects 
belonging to a deceased per. 
son.iij^ tark, act of leaving, 
giving up, abandoning. ^J 
tirka, estate of a deceased 
person, /)Z. J€"j tirkdt. 
'S} tark, Turks ; i\Ji\ ^% hildd 
et turk, Turkey. S^j turky, 
Turkish ; ^j^\ ^^cz^!>■:> .j^^ 
eVibdradalialet ^aleh bit 
iar/fy, he could not make 
head or tail of the case, it 
was Chinese to him. iSi^j 
turkdwy^ a Turk, joZ. »^<T/ 
tardkwa, or 6\j'\ atrdk. 
*-»fj tarkyb, sec ^j 
^j faratoZZ[/,*Iight.minded; j^ 
JiJ'aqloh tarakilly^ he has 
a screw loose. 
Ak-^.y turumb^ta * t\Y\xvs\,\.ixm\iow- 
v\i\e , pl.^^^^im^ J turambctdt . 




ji^a^j turumMtsy, trum- 
peter^ pi, 4..stk-^_,T turum- 
^j..j tirmis, luiiine^ sg.*.^»J tir. 

misa^pl. ^Lw.j' tirmisdt. 
\.»j tarmyl,see ^jtj 
^,j tarmym, see '*_, 
# jT turung^ kind of lemon, cit- 
ron, sg. ii-j turunga, pi. 
C>\4-J turungdt. 
cJ>^j tirinkyt, small sail at the 

stern of a ship. 
A^^ij tarwysa^ see ^jjj 
j))j tarwyq, see jlj 
\lj iarat/ya, chandelier, /^Z.oliji 

jlJ-^jH^Jl) iitcirjaq, to 
bother, find fault. *ly tar- 
jaqa^ act of bothering, find, 
ing fault. 
^>J taryjyl, see ^,j 
i»-j tasga^oT^ytaxka* bench, 
bank, artisan's work-table, 
j^yj taxryr, see jj 
(JLpjt taz'yf, see wjLpJ 

J:' J' 




a^fyt, see j.<»j 

'asqyq ^and^iytazqym ^eelj 

azkym, seelj 

lasmyt, see ia.«J 

ashyr, see (^j 

\azwyr , see j^j 

a-ftoi/g, see j^j 

.azyra, see j/ j 

asyjyt, see ^j 

a^yJyQ, see jjj 


asabbub, see ^,- 

asbyh^ see ^-' 

asbyh, see g" 

asbyl^ see J^- 

astyf, see^i- 

asgyl, see J*^ 

asbyr see Je?' 

ashyn, see jjs* 

asdyd, see Ju. 

asryh see »-y- 

astyh^ see ^ 

jsa', or *«-.r iis'a, nine, pi. 

malet tis^a we dimmetha^ 
he did all the bad he could. 
*-j^ws',one ninth part, pZ. 




c.\-j| atsd\ «-.\r tdsi 





ninth ono.yJlU«-.r^isa'i(Jsar, 

ninetecn;(jru-.i t is^yn^n'inelY; 

^*^'i\ Jc^alat tis^yn, or Jc 

tj<.-J\^;l 'ala abut tis'yn, 

for sure_, for certain, iu^*-*' 

tus'umyja, nine hundred .jj 

^c^-Ij y^m tas{ia, 9th day 

of il/oAar ram. 

tas'yr, see jit- 

tis^yn, see i.-r 

tasfyPj see ^i- 

tasqyf^ see v_i2- 

tasqyja, see j- 


taskyr^ see _^ 

taslyt, see j^U 

taslyh, see ^ 

taslyt^ see iaL. 

taslyf^ see w-iL- 

taslykj seedU- 

taslym, see U 

taslyja, sec J- 

tasmyr, see _,i.- 

tasmy'j see «c- 

tasmym, soe^ 

tasmyja, sec jf 

asnyh, see it-' 
asnyn, see ^ 
ashyl^ sec J^^ 
'asioyd, see j^-, 
aswys, see ^^ 
aswyja, see (^^ 
asyj'yb, sec ^L. 

asdbuh, sec 4.ji 
asbyr^ see j\^ 
asbyh, see ^ui- 
asgy\ sec ^ 
asbys, sec ^j^ic^ 
asdyd, sec Ji-i 
asryh, see »-yt 
asrytj see -1»^ 
asryf, and J^«iy«ij tasry. 
fdty, andj^lH/>^* tasryfdt- 
sy, see ^J^S 

^^J»i) tastybj see , L- 

_i.kir tasty f, see ^k-i 
J^r lasgyl, see Jii 
jrvSij tasqyr^ sec ^i 
*.2ij tasqy\ see »ii 
j.Sij tasqyq, see j^ 
liiiCij taskyk, see dJ- 
JiCi)' tashyl^ see jCi 






^-iJ taslyh, see ^'' 
jr^c-* iasmy}\ see ^c^ 
A-ir jissa, stout_,corpulent('m asc. 
and fern J. 
j^_^ task yd, see a^^ 

JLi^ir ^asM)2/s, see ji_ji 
ji^i.r taswyn, see o>i 
4j_^r taswyh, see .y 
.uiT tasyjy\ see ^li 
^jUj tasdduf^ sec ^JJua 
.iUr tasddum., see j.jl-9 
jj^^; tashyi\ see ji-a 
j:(<,^r tasbyn, see j^^ 
_.«£»»' tashyh, see ^ 
jS^) tasdyr, see jJl-^ 
j>ji^)" tasdyq, see, J J-? 
^*'j^itasarruf,see ^j^ 
^^^a> iasryh, see ^j^ 
,_,«^r tasa^ubj see ^«^ 
jjvi^r tasgyr, see j.w» 
-ff-**" tasfyh, see 4-^ 
4.i^)* ta.^fyja, see ^^ 
^.iJ^J" tasqyf, see i_ii^ 
^Ji-s)" taslyh, see ^U 
^taslyh, see^ 
xs^ tasmyd, see Mf 

ks^ tasmyg, see ic^ 
^c^ tasmym, see .^^ 
«:-9J' tasannu\ see j«:-9 

.ur tasnyf, see, 
j^y^\ taswyr, seej^^ 
^v.-s)" tasyjyr, see ^-» 
,_^ju<a)" tadhyh, see ._,^ 
dUs*' tadhyk, see d!U^ tadarrar, see ^ 

,_^i^,a)' tadryb, see^^j^ 

^ij.^' tadrys, see ^^ 

jr}.l^r tadfyr, see j«^ 

t»^- tadmyn, see ^^c* 

»-.i^-a)' tadyjy", see P'^^ 

JjUa)* ^a((ia^, see Jit 

«JJ tatahhu' , see «.!» 
^iJaf tatbyb, see ^1. 

,_^uLr tatbys, seeJJ> 
j^kr tafbyq, see jJ. 
OJ*-" tatgyn, see ^^^ 

o jki tntarruf, see ojk 
j'.jk)* Wryz, see jjk 
-.k)* taf/ym , see «k 
^Iki iatallub, see w^i» 
*ik^ tathf, see >A1» 
j_\«^ tat my r, see J' 
tjy^' tat/nyn, sec ^^^^ 




j^i tathyr^ see j^t 
jjj^k)* tatwys, see ^^^ 
jj^U tatwyq, see J_^ 
ji^Lj* tatwylj see JU. 

jrtJi)' tatyjyr, see jU^ 

A^Uj ta'dsa^ see (j-J 

JU* toMla, see U 

w^>" ( ^'i ) ^i'ift (jii^ttb), to 
be tired, fatigued. >_^io ta'ab 
or ta''ab, or v_^'l afab, to 
cause to be tired^ cause to i)e 
fatigued, give trouble. ^j*-'» 
mcU'tib, orcj^ta^bdn, tired^ 
fatigued, troubled, ^ta'ab, 
trouble, fatigue, fee, wages, 
pi, wWI at'db, ,_<«i» mufib, 
fatiguing, tiresome. 

ijVni ti'bdn, serpent, snake, pi. 
(jjiLT ta''abyn;/:\cj\^ ti'bdn 
el bahr,ce\;^\^ Jui\ aJis- J!l 
Jj-I ^'. illy ^addoh et ti'bdn 
jihdf min el habl^ a burnt 
child dreads the fire. 

a.«i' ta'abbud, see Juc 

ju.r ta'byr , see jjp 

^^•)" ta'^byq, see j-t 

*.^r ia'byja, sen ^^^e. 

«:.)' («:»i)to^fa',to move a heavy 
thing, move with difficulty, 
*:jS\ ittaUa\ to be moved, 
move with difficulty. aoJ 
ta'ta^a^ act of moving a 
heavy thing, moving with 
taaggub, see ^^ 
ti^dddj seeJft 
taaddy, see 45 Jc 
taarrtid^ see^jp 
fa arm f, see ijjc 
ta'rys, seejujC- 
ta^rys, see ^j^ jt 
ta^ryd^ see ,_/»jP 
ta'ryf^ see Ojt 
ta^ryja, see t5j«^ 
la^;^yl,see JjC' 
ta'^zyja, see t^j*^' 
(^_^«i) to'as (jit'is), to cause 
to be unhappy, cause to be 
miserable. ^»^l inta^as, to 
be unhappy,miserable.^y^ 
matYis, or ^_;-«> to'r/s, un- 
happy, miscrable,wretched, 
pZ. (>«.-^ mafusyn, or L.«r 
tu^asa. A-W <a'(tsrt^ or *-.•)' 



ta sa^ unhappiness, misery 
Ar^t> ta^syla, see J-^ • 
jjtu«; ta'sys, see Jli^ 
i}:r^ ta'^syq, see jift 
k--^«^ ta'assub, see ^.^ip 
JJ».r ta^tyl, see Jkt 
f}^ ta'';:ym, see tp 
C>u*' ^«Y^n. see ^^ift 
juU io.'^Qyd, see jl2p 
Jujta'aqqul^ see JJt 
j^C; ta'kyr, see _^ 
j^jCr ta'ky:;, see ^c 
Ji«; to'toft, fox, pi. JL* ia'd^jfo. 
ji„- ta'alluq, see jic 
JJu; to'Zj/?^ see Jc 
J« ta'lym, and jtt^' tcClymgy, 

and ^'Uc^*' ta'kjmbdna, 

see U 
^U ta'lyja, see Jc 
jKi^ tamyr,^ee yf- 
^V^ ta^mym, see & 
j!J,,r ta'ahhud^ see j^t 
ij«)' ta'awud, see^'c 
^y.; ta'wyg, see ^y^ 
j/^" tawyr^ see j^c 
t;ii^; ta'wyd^ see ^/-jc j 

^_^;^; to'i/s^ see ^_^J 

JL _* ta'ayjus, see j.U. 

j^_-«; ta'yjyr^ see ^ 

o^.«r ta'yjyn^ see j-^ 

jt J.ij' tagdyr, see jji. 

(Cjir tagrym^see^ji- 

*ij'i tagryja, see t^> 
j_^-k;r tagtys, see ,_^ 

*.k;; tagtyja, see J»i^ 

J'ij' iagafful, see JJp 

'S:!*'" taglyja, see Ic. 
(.r^ tap'm j/s, see ^_^«^ 
u^:*" tagmyd^^sQe^ji.^ 

V" tagmyja, see /• 

-*:*' iagyJy^, see > 

-^"(_i:. ) ^a/r ry«^f"/r;, to spit. 

^zotaftif,to spit repeatedly. 
U^iaff^ act of spitting. Aiii? 
taftifa^ act of spitting re- 
peatedly. Air ^a/fa, spittle, 
saliva, /)Z. c<'l* to/f(t^, or jU; 

^U; ^/y'TfJ/!, apples, 55^. Ao-ll- a'/fd. 

/m, /)/. C.WU; tiffahdt, 
JU' i//d^_, rag for covering 

dough, pi ^V^i." tifalAt. 
bS) tifta* aniline. 



J^a taftys, see JLa 


^- ( p. ) taffab, to cause to be 

swollen. ^''' m?< 



Lji tafbym, see i: 
1 ^^- ^a/'/'i//i, see ^j» 
1 L)^; ^a/'^i/?, see J^^i 

iy; tafryg^ see ^j» 
j.>- ^a/'^J/g, see jy 

^-i; f«/5!/r, see ^ 


V-i; tafsyja, ^i 


jj^i- to/^«yZ, see J«»» 


^-iT to/'fZyrf, see J^ 


^^r ^a/'((/s, see ^ki 


JLJiJ ^«/'g{/s, see J.i 


U s^T tafqyt, see Lsi 


.jCi; tafklrcCj see ^ 


Jij iJ/Z, refuse, dregs, sediment. 


^Jyj; Za/Z{/s, see ^_^ 


^utaflyq, see jU 


4ili; taflyja, see J» 


^fi; tafhym, see^i 
^^.y; tafwyd, see ^jili 

^lyijtafwyl, sec Jy 


Jicljl iagd^ud, see ^ 


aIUI tuqqdla and iaqdla 

see Ji 


(^j\*) iaqdwy, seed for so 



( >_3i ) taqab (jutqub), to 
bore, pierce. ,_-i:!l in taqab, 
to be bored, pierced. ^^*t» 
matqdb, bored, pierced.,.^' 
taqbjSiCt of boring, piercing, 
^i tuqb, hole, bore, pZ. 
^liM atqdb. ^Is:* mitqdb, 
boring-tool, /)Z. ^l:. ma- 

■aqaddum, see />Ji» 

aqdyd, see^jii 

aqdyr^ sesjjj 

aqdyf, see ^ji 

aqdym, see*Jti 

aqryb, see ^jJ 

aqryr, see J 

aqrys, see ^y 

aqryt, see -i»j» 

aqryq, see J_^ 

aqsyt,see ia-J 

aqsym, see |«-.» 

aqsyr, see ^ 

ctqsyt, see JaiJ 

aqassud, see -v-^ 

aqsyba, see ^-w 

ng-iyr, see ^ 

aqtyr, see jL» 


^i taqty\ see .kj 
»iJ.i- taqtyf^ see ^k» 

Js; ( J2:. ) tiqil^ov JZ siqil^ to 
be heavy ; Jal <..« sama'oh 
tiqil, his sense of hearing 
has grown wealver; oli'.^kll 
eZ matara tiqlet, it is rain- 
ing harder ; ^.^^ j£| U\ ^^ 
"aja tiqiVaUh^ he (the pa- 
tient) has got worse; Ji ^* 
'^chuwa tiqil 'alayja, lie 
pressed me hard, ji iag- 
qal, to cause to be heavy 
make heavy; Ji ^U\ el 
"ayjdn taqqal^ the patient 
has got worse; v_,^tJ',Jj2] ^^ 
huwa taqqal fis surb, he 
drank too much ; diUj Ja; 
tag-gaZ riglak, walk slow- 
ly I Jjln j«<:igf7, to be 
weighed against another 
thing. JiLM is^Y^gj/, or Jilirl 
itsdqil, to impose upon 
bother, be cheeky. Jsil-| 
istatqal, to consider heavy 
or troublesome. Ji tuql^ 
or JSi*sagZ, weight, /iZ. Jlil 


aZg^JZ. 4^2; i^f/gto^ heaviness, 
imposition, trouble. J^i 
^Jg;/Z, heavy, difficult, pi, 
^\i:! tuqdl; jc.\j rdgil 
^ Jg?/Z,a bore, a plague; J-i-.liir 
/caZcim ^igyZ, harsh words, 
words which strike home ; 
Jt*'" v-Jr-' niasmb tiqyl, 
strong drink; J-sr 4jp 'o.gfo/i 
i^i'^?/^, he is stupid, he is 
slow of understanding. J^f 
sttgyl, rude, antipathetical, 
repugnant, ^jiji ^ sa^e^ 
tiqyla, he eased nature. 
-JUr taqdla, or -Jlir saqdla, 
rudeness, antipathy, impo- 
sition ; ^. aIU; jj ^JZjgft ta- 
Qdla minny, itsliallbe an 
imposition on my part. Jli; 
til qqdla, paper-weight, pl_ 
oVlr tuqqaldt. Jl2:. mit- 
qdl, standard weight (equal 
to about 72 English grains), 
pi. JJl:. mataqyl_ 
w^li' taqlyb,see ^ 
Jii' taqlyd, see _d» 
^«i togZi/', see Ji 




jAi taqlyl^ see J» 
AAi taqlyja, see J5 
^^^ taqmyr, seey 
jv«*' taqmy^, see ji 
u* ( t>*^. )to>qo,n (jitqin), or^^aJl 
atqan, to perfect, ^^sil m^a. 
gan, to be perfected, o^'* 
mai^^m_,perfected,^^4r togn, 
or ^li"l iig^n, perfection. 
(^^' taqwa, see J_j 
j,_^fl! taqwyr, see jj» 
jiji taqwyq, see Jy 
jT^' taqwym^ see *U 
4j^i taqwyja^ see tJy 

j! ^agt/, see J^ 
Jji! ^i^f/i, see Js; 
JLi' taqyjyd, see JiJ 
J*^' taqyjytj see iiJ 
^^ takabhur, and j^^ takbyr, 
see jj'T 
^^iSj takbyb, see Ji 
^^^•,<j taktyf, see i_i^^ 
J.^ takhyl, see jC 
t^_jS^ takdyb, see_jj$^ 
jj j.Cf takdyr, see jJ^ 
j\^tikrdr, and j-^Jk; takryr, 
see } 


^^^\ takrys, see ^./^ 
»lfj takry\ see f-^ 
jcjv) takrym, see ^y 
*t-^" taksyja^ see ^^n-s 
ji^i^ taksyr^ see ^ii 
u^i>j" takfyn, see ^^l^ 
i_i-$Cr taklyf, see ^6 
Jt^* takmyl, see J> 
^y^* takioym, see *y 
*A tikyja* dervish monastery, 
asylum, alms-house, /)i. Ij^" 

jj.i,.<r takyjys, see ^_^ 

JT (aiZ, hill, heap, ;)i. J:^- ii- 
fcii, or JjlJ iaZ^U. 
' Jr iaZZ*, gauze. 
Z^^taldt, and O-^-^AJ talatyn, 

see ^' 
«;i' talbyh, see ^ 
,j»)iJ talbys, see ^^ 
JLJj talbys, see JLJ 
v^'(-^W) ^<^*^^t^ to do a third 
time. 3*1 ittallit, to be 
done a third time, argue, 
bother, find fault with; \* 
•Jc JLAi ma tittallits'alay- 
ja, do not bother mel do 




not be indifferent with me 1 
^\i. mutallit^oY ^, mu- 
sallas, three fold, three 
cornered, triangular, trian- 
gle, pi. wUli. musallasdt. 
^i tatlyt^ act of doing a 
thing a third time, finding 
fault with,argument,bother. 
4J%- taldta, three, pi. oUiT 
talatdt ; jr oUL- hagar 
talatdt, small blocks of 
ashlar. ^\r tdlit, the third 
one, third day after a | 
death. cX tult or ^JZ^, one 
third, pi. z.'^\ atldt. ^Ir^^j | 
talattdsar, thirteen, ^c"^ 
takttyn, thirtY.^Ji^ tultujuy. 
Ja, three hundred. ^':J6\ ,_,. 
j'dmet taldt, Tuesday. 
J-Ar(Jd:. ) taltil^ to fill to the 
brim, heap up. J:L-| ittaltil, 
to be filled, heaped up. J:l:. 
mutaltil, filled, heaped up ; 
^'^ J^Uj dinidgy mutalti- 
to, I have a cold in the head. 
^ taltila, act of niling to 
the brim, heaping up. 

I ( f : ) talUg, to be frozen, 
cold as ice. ^ mutallig^ 
frozen, cold as ice. £ talg^ 
ice, snow. 
^sL' talgym, see i 
^{^^'.) talham, to be tenac- 
ious, cheeky. >-mr/iaZ/iam, 
ma, tenacity, cheek. 
Cij^l taldyn^ see o-O 
J-.U; ia/(j/s see J.y 

^.klj ^a Zf y', see J»l 
^Jalj tally f^ see ^ik! 
^\j^J iiligrdf* telegram, tele- 
graph, pZ.oUl^J.:^?7j^ra/'di. 


Ui^il; tiligrafyjan,hY wire. 
J-'>"^ JZigrrtt /^f/, telegraph- 
ist, /)/. A.».|_,;L" tiligrafgyja. 
U^\> ( e^b ) ^f7// (Jitlaf), to be 
spoiled,damaged. v_iL- talaf^ 
or ^l;| aito/, to spoil, 
damage. ^1; tota/, or ^^;\ 
itldf, spoliation, damage, 
losses, jijlil- ialfdn, spoiled, 
damaged; ^U" Jiiwalad tal. 








/■(in, a good-for-nothing 
boy. ^\\y ^y>j\ aril taicdUf, 
waste land^terrain endom- 
mage. ^\;, matlif, spoiler, 
destroyer, waster, pi. jUl:. 

till fan*, telephone, pZ.vl-liy'ij" 
talfyq, see jil 
tilqa, see j! 
talqyh, see <?' 
talqyt, see iii! 
tdlqym, see i! 
talky', see .*vj 

(y.,)tilim (jitlam), to be 
blunt. It tallim, to cause to 
be blunt, be blunt. |il:icUJm, 
or lu miitalllm, blunt. »j> 
i.»^:.m((Ta mat UtmCi yeoman 
of ill fame. U J^-lj Mg^ii 

tilim, a cheeky man, an 
imi)udent fellow. 
ialmyh, see «^ 
talmyz,i)U\A\^ student, fem. 
»jii.' talmysa, pi, Ji-.^^t ^a- 
Icimys, or ,Ji*;>lriaZ(im^a. 
taljdny, or J>il. (aljdny, 

Italian, /jZ. o^^' taljdn, or 
olJj" taljanyja. \}\Li\ytdlja, 

j_^Ar tallys, corn sack, p/!. ^j~i^r 

(j-i:^' talyjys, see^J 

u>:^' talyjyn, see ^^V 

f ( ^_) tamm, (jitimm), to be 
complete,finished, arranged, 
settled, c tammim, to com- 
plete, finish, arrange, settle. 
/.Icl itmdm, or Z^' tatmym, 
completion. j«\c tamdm , com. 
pletion, complete, complete- 
ly; Ij6 »Vc tamdm Areda, just 
so; |.lc jj,^\ eddtihr tamdm, 
midday precisely. Ai tdm, 
complete, entire. *s. timma, 
completeness, total; ic* ^\\» 
i^j-maljdn li timmet ''4noh, 
full to the brim, choke-full. 
(j\i tamdn, or oU tamdnj'A, 
eight, pi. ol.:lc tamanjdt. 
^VSc. tamantdsa r\cighteen. 
t^lc Zamanj/n, eighty. *.c* 
««mnumi/ya, eight hundred. 
^\r tdm in, the eighth one. 



^J. tumn, one eighth part, 
district of a city^Police office 
of the district of a city_, pi. 
Cj\i\ atmdn. 

*:c lamcittu , see «i» 
dijsS tamhyh, see dlrf 

^Jic tamaddun , see o-^* 
/ (jcl ) tamar (jutmur), to 
bear fruit; aj jtiy U Aail ei 
hidyja met tamar its fyh, 
he is not grateful for the 
present ( he received ). J. 
tarn r ^ d&ies, s g. tjl tamra, 
pl.sLi^J. tamrdt.s-y^'^j. tamr 
hindy, tamarind. 

9-jC tamargy* hospital nurse^, 
pi. 4..>-jC tamargyja. 
\i». J. tamr hinna^ see ^^a- 

iijC tamryg,see iy. 

-)j^ tamsy\ see ?-j« 
^Li timsdh^ crocodile^ pi. ^;-U 

*-k« tamty\ see »Ja.. 

4»« tamga, see Ao 

Ji tamally, constantly, per- 
manently, always; djUt Jc III 
aria tamally ^ayjdn, I am 

always sick; JE *J>.i-^ mws-] 
tabdim tamally^ permanent 
employe, pi. ^jjAc ct«J*^' 
mustabdimyn tamallyjyn. 

^i {^I'Jtammin, to estimate, 
value. ^;^l ittammin, to be 
estimated, valued, ^mu- 
tammin, estimated, valued. 
^^^JC' tatmyn, estimation, 
valuation, js taman, value, 
price, pf. 0^^ atmdn. (jjc 
tamyn, valuable, costly, 

^J, tamanny, see ^^ 

Ai timma, see i^ 
jji tamyjyz, see > | 

ytann, ov'cjidann, always, 
constantly; J^r db* tannak 
tdkul, you are always eat- 
ing; ^Ji\* o tannoh mdsy,he 
walked away, he went on 
JjU? tandsul, see J j; 
ilUj ^wnM/«*, nicotina gluca, 
tombac, ^^^'fi tunbdksy, 
tombac seller, pi. <;CLo 




J.J ( J^^ ) tanbil," to be idle, 

ka,ov4^ kanaka, metal 

lazy. ^ tanbila^ 


pot.p^. ^So" tanakdt. ^ 

laziness. J^" tanbal, 


tanaksy, tinman, pZ. ajp'' 

lazy, pi. ^[-j tandbla. 



tanbalddna, asylum for the 

J^i tinkdr, tincal, borax. 

lazy, alms-house. 

^f^l tank yt, see ^C" 

Ixxl tanbyt, see JaJ 

j^c^ tanmyr, see ^c 

juo* tanbyhj see *J 

1 ^-.^ tank yd, see jl^ 

*U:; tantilla* lace. 

j,^rton/iy^, seej,; 

x^' tang yd, see jf 

tjp tanndra*, skirt, petticoat. 

jtv:fi tangyz, see jf 

/)i. ^;l;; tananyr, or wljy> 

,j-:fi tangys, see ^^jf 


jt>f! tangym, see |»j^ 

,yi tanwa, coffee dregs. 

£ ^mj/i, cheeky, irre 


-(2^;I tanwyh, see ^y 

»a;; tonda, *awning,i3Z 



j,^^ tan toy r, see jy 

or olx» tanddt. 

^_yr tanwy\ see^y 

,^- tanas xuh, see »j,; 

jT ( ^^-j ) /ana, to bend, fold. 

[ jjjo tanzyl^ see Jj; 

Jl ianna, to bend or fold in 

k_i-iJ tansy f, see >_i-ii 

many places, do a thing a 

^^;; tansy r, sec ^^ 

second time, repeat. ^^-Jl 

^_ii-r tandyf, sec ^Jii 

intana, to be bent, folded. 

Ji:! tansym, see ki 

^^ matny, bent, folded. 

^i;? tanaffus, sec ^ 

jl ianj/, act of bending. 

ykjU tanfyd, see ^_^i; 

folding. kS> tanja, a bend. 

li.a:? tanqyt, sec iaSi 

a fold, p^. oL; ianyd^oc;! 

^uiJ tanqyja, sec ji 

itn^njov C^i\ isn6n, two ; 


db' <ana^/ tin-sheet. 



u^'>H\ p! y<^'^ ^^ itn^n, 



Monday. Jl; tdny, second, 
other, again, also, fern. a.;1: 
tdnja,pl, j_i.,il; tanyjyn;kA' 
,'j. marra tdnja, a second 
time; Jlr ^rU hdtoh tdny, 
bring him again! jUWj^il ^j 
ruh enta et tdny, go you 
too! aJI? sdnja, a second, pi, 
ij\y sawdny, 
]kj.-l tccnyjys, see Ji._i 
j.ur tanyjyq, see jJ 
J;P tanyjyl^ see JJ 
jAj: tahdjul, land slip. 
_^.^ tahbyb, see ^» 
^.tj; (4.:ji) tahtih, to stutter. 4^;^ 

tahtiha, stutter. 
»^ tahaggum, see ^*? 
,j«.;*j: tahgys, see^f 
wJj^ tahryb, see <_-j* 
^^ to/irywia^cjping of parapet. 
^i^ tahsym, see ^i* 
^ ( (^--i ) taham (jithim),or ^:l 
at ham, to accuse. ^t.M mia- 
Aam, to be accused. ^y^» 
matMim, or ^ mutta- 
ham, accused, defendant, 
pl. 0>«^ji« mathumyn^ or 

(j<*^» muttahamyn • ^^ 
a}j^ j mathtim fysirqa^ l 
is accused of a theft. .1^ 
ithdm ,0V i.^^ tuhnia,eiccus 
tion, pi. d\^\ ithamdt, o 
^; tuham, or ~z^^^ tuhmd, 
4.:^ tahnyja, see ^^j* 
j'_^i: tahaiour, see jU 
Jj^^: tahwyl, see J^» 

V ^«io, now, as soon as; U ,* 

lawoh ga, he has just come 

ji U V^ftto ma Jig y, as soor 

as he comes. 

^l\y tawdlif, see w_ilr 

wy ^(36, dress, loose overgown 

worn by native ladies under 

the hahara, roll of material, 

pi. •^^y\atwdb. 

4.iy ^(36a, see wlr 

^'./ tawbyh, see *?) 

oy i^fU, first month of the Coptic 

Oy ^tU, mulberry trees, sg. *Jy 

tiita, pi, ^[ly tutdt, 
L"y tutja,* zinc, zinc ore. 
(tV 1 r*-l ) tauwig , to crown. 
^■V I ii^aw w ig, to be crown- 





ed. r-y:. mutaawig , or 
mlttaawig^ crowned, ^^f 
taticyg ,covona[\on. r-^r ^(tsf^ 
crown, pi. ^^^ tygdn ; r-lr 
ja«^\ tdg el 'aqd, crown of 
pier; i^.UJ\ A' ict^- e^ "am{id, 
caiiital of column ; ^^k Al 
tdg zahr^ washer (tube). 
-i-f-y taiohyd, see j*.^ 

J)' tur, ox, pi, jjl^' tyrdn. 
•by lawrd, Bible, ^tZ. oUl^y 

j^jy tawryd, see jj^ 
.1^, jy tawryt, see i^j^ 
J, jy tawryq, seejjs 
Atj^Uawryja, sec iSjt 
^jy taw2y\ see ^Jj 
j:.ij:y tawsys, see ^-j 
J.^ J tatosyl, see J-tf.} 
4^y tawsyja, see j_^j 
^uiji tawdyb, see ^^^ 
;«i'^y tata(Jyh, see ^j 
^'y ^u/'a/f«f//armourer_,pZ.A.J^y 
L iofaksyja. 
■ jij^tawfyr^ see ^^^ 
j.>y tawfyq, see ^j 

« y 







tawakkul, see JS'j 
fd/ca/act of touching glasses 
in drinking. 
tawkyl^see JTJ 
tawly\ see J^ 
tawlyja, see Jj 
idm, garlic, twins. 
tunis, cable of a sdqja(^ to 
which thejars are attached), 
/)Z. ^ly tawdnis. 
tawnyn, see ^,} 
tawcihdn, see »lJ 
tawahhum, see^) 
( (i^i) tawa (j it wy), or iSi\: 
tdwa, to put aside,hide.(iyi*l 
intawa, or t^jlrl ittdwa, to 
be folded, put aside, hidden; 
jl^W J^i. Jj^uJ U *\9.j rigloh 
ma tintiwys tMen nahdr^ 
he does not sit down the 
whole day, he goes about 
the whole day. (Sy-- matwy, 
or (^}l:« mutdwy, put 
aside, hidden. ajjU. muta- 
wyja, act of putting aside. 




}^*L; tijdtro*, theatre, pi. >l>\j^ 

J-J tayjdr, current, stream, pZ. 
^LtjU tayjardt. 

J:^* t^tal, elk, pi. JrU tajdtil. 

*:J t^ta, grand-mother. 

<r*:' ( u-b^i ) i<^yjis, to be 
stupid, dull. ^:. mutayjis, 
stupid, dull. ,_p_J i^s, he- 
goat, block-head, pi. ^^Z 

j^—j taysyr^ see ^-j 
^J tyfus* typhus. 
JJ ii/Z,* linen; 4I..; tyla, twisted 
rope used for flogging, 
cat o'nine tails, pi. c.^r 
^^iiyj tijodolyt* theodolite. 

u<* tyn, flgs, fig-trees, sg. *•-• 
tyna,pl. ^lij tyndt. 



= fl' 

-{ J:.)9'^ (Jigy), to come; 
,:.^ lil ana g^t, I came ; 3^'" 
ta^dla, come! 4-j Ji_ji U ma 
Jigys minnoh, it is too late 
to mend, it is no use crying 

over spilt milk; t*^^ z^^ til 
iza g^t lissahyh, speaking 
seriously, as a fact; m,< ' j J^l 
i^elwalad da jigy min- 
noh, the boy promises well; 



Jigy, come what may! 
coiite que coulel iS:> p-^'^' 
jj j^ eZ hudiim cly tigy loh, 
or aAc ji jj mJ*-^' elhudum 
cly tigy ^aUh, these clothes 
ht him ; (il'j V f/a icayjaja, 
he sided with me ; 'Jt U g^a 
^alayja,he opposed me;!^- ISI 
oU J^a </a mdt, if he should 
die; 4 A'i dii:^g'a/a/f ddhja, 
or*,ft'iiU z^>-gat lak ddhja^ 
go to the devil ! the devil 
take you! damn you! ji^ [» 
^»:U ma jigy et ta'ah, it is 
not worth the trouble ; ^ 
ij"ij /^''j^JWy'^''btt' gurus, 
about four piastres. (iU gdj, 
coming ; j^li-l ^^.^ essahr el 
gdj, next month; c5\.i-3^*i 
tadla li gdj , come this 
way! ciV fl'cVj hell)! help! 
j^migy, and 4** migyja, 
act of coming, arrival. 

''^ (-:*:) i/^^ (J'lQyb), to 
bring ; l:» ^iiU J:i I ^8 gdbak 
hona, what brought you 

here? j!j ^^i* s_-U 9'(^t m m/ia 
walad, he had a child by 
her ; a.«)jI vl^jU *.i6C3\ el kalba 
gdbet arbcCa, the bitch 
gave birth to four ( little 
ones ); U b ^U ^J ^s 
g-dft da li da, or ^U JLiI 
v_,U- ^s .gcift Zj gdb, what has 
this to do with that 'i there 
is no comparison between 
the two; dl)jrj-. wU ^» huwa 
gdb syrtak, he mentioned 
you, he spoke of you ^\>-\ 
agdb, to reply, grant a re- 
quest, v^!^"'' istagdb, to 
grant a prayer. >_-.?- 5'^&, 
pocket, pi. v_.^;>- gujub ; iap- 
*"" a* lj-^^^^ hat ( el ful{cs 
mingibohj he paid the mo. 
ney out of his own pocket. 
Aj.»- gdba, or a^si migyba, 
act of bringing. 
j^\o.gdhid, seeA^ 
jU.(^J^) ^^^ (j^^3^^d), to be 

generous. 3^:^ 9'rtrf, genero. 

sity. »j>^fl'^rf«, excellence^ 

goodness, benignity. il^>- 
gauwdd, generous, liberal, 
pi, ^i,\y>- gauwadyn. 

jV(j^<: ) gAr (jugCir), to be 
unjust,tyrant;,^i-l Jc jW^'^ir 
'ala aliuh, he treated his 
brother unjustly, jlf**! ista- 
gdr, to implore he\\\j)>-g6r , 
injustice, partiality, inequity, 
unfairness, o'*"' istigdra, 
act of imploring help. Jj^ 
j\o- waraq gdju\ large- 
sized paper. 

J^gdr, secjjU 
t.jj\e^garus, small stone-mill for 

bruising corn. 
^,j\t^garuf,see ^j»- 
ifjVgdry, seeiSj>- 

jU ( hi ) 9<^^ (ji^gus ), to be 
allowed, permitted, j'^ 
gauwiz, to allow, permit, 
marry. j"^»-l iggauwis, or 
J}il it gauwiz, to get mar- 
ried. j-^U gdjiz, allowed, 
permitted, permissible, pos. 
sible ; *»^il y.\e^gdjix asu- 
foh, I may see him. j'ye. 

miggauwiz, or jji* mt<- 
g-aMtoJ^, married. JljP-g'a- 
it)(i^, tolerance, authorisa- 
tion, marriage. .jV 9'^''0,> 
or »ji>. p-j/^a, or .jl^ ga- 
permission, leave of absen- 
ce, pi. sL,\ j\c>-\ agazdt; »j\c^\ 
Aj^Lifrl agazd i'tijadyja, 
ordinary leave ; ^y>j. ;jUl 
agdzet marad, sick leave. 
j^»- gdz, husband, pair, pi. 
jljp-l agwdz ; -(.VI j^ g63: 
el umm, step-father;*j>- jy. 
gdz gizam, pair of shoes ; 
j^l) bil gdz, in pairs, brace; 
h\-\i vj-^ D^-^*- hosdn jid- 
rab bilgdz, horse which 
kicks out with both legs. 
J^^: mjf/foi^, double, twice 
as large or as much. 

j^gdz* , see jU 

j^gdz* , gauze. 
^jW-( eijl<: )gdzif, to risk, en- 
danger; iu.u, oJV 9<^*'^f ^'■ 
nafsoh, or *«i' Jc oJV 
ydxif 'ala nafsoh, he risked 




his life. A,»jU mugd<sfa^r\sk, 

UQas6za* effervescent le- 
o -{f.dci'^^^cc*, see A)jIc 
^^Ufl'««''«> sce^>. 

«.U ( t^fi ) f/^' (jugu), to be 
hungry, c-'^ gaiuca\ to 
cause to be liungry, starve. 
f-ji-- gr?<', hunger^ famine, 
scarcity ; j^ f-yU el gti^ 
kdfii\ necessity knows no 
law. jl.>- gcCdn, or o^.j'- 
gudn, or j^vr QH^^'-^' hun- 
gJ'y. P^. ot^^-r ga'anyn ; 
^\.>- J».lj rd^(7 ga'dn, a 
mean fellow, a miserable 
fellow, a wretch. 

cr/^'!- '"^" ^^ sa/f^/.s/carpenter's 
hammer, pi. J.^^;- ovj.^^ 
^^i^gald'i, block of mud, pi. 
u^^^yr gciivalys. 
ju,\p.gdmid^ .see Jl^- 
»4|p, gdm V , see -^>\o. gcimkyja* pay, salary, pi. 
O^i^V gct'mkyjdt. 

^y^>-gamij,s, buffalo, sg. 4.-_y.\>- 
gamtisa, pi. oUyU g'a- 
mttsdt, or ,_;-:* I j>- gatca- 
mys. 1^1?- gammds, driver 
or keeper of buffaloes, joi. 
A- 1?- gammdsa, 
o^gdn,see ^>- 
^U ^rdrt J6, see ^>- 
j\a~gdny,sec ^^ 
»\a>-gdh* lionour, authority, 
dignity ; dJi^U J ^1 O'na fy 
gdhak, I throw myself on 
your generosity, I am at 
your mercy. 
y^c^ gdhiz, see ^ 
J*U gdh il, see J4:- 
^i^ri ^}\i^) gdwib, to an«wpr^ 
reply. vJ^' itgdwib, to be 
answered, replied, wj^**! 
istagwib, to interrogate. 
ajUI jg'(l6a,or A|jU mugdw- 
ba, answer, reply, pi. O^; V 
t5'a6di,oroljU mugawbdt. 
s^\y.gawdb, answer, reply, 
letter, pi. «I^Uj»- gawabdt. 
k_,l^-l istigwdb^ interroga- 
tion. W.UI yfl'tit, affirmative. 





jjU(j3lfi) gdwir, to be neigh- 
bour. j)\^\ it gdwir, to be 
had as a neighbour. jU gdr, 
neiglibour, pi. oUr OU^^'^"'- 
»jj>- gyrcij neighbourhood ; 
dJjjj;^ J lil ana fy gyrtak, 
I throw myself on your 
generosity/' I am at your 
iiiercy. jl^fi bi guwdr/m the 
neighbourhood of. jjU mu- 
gdwir^ student in a mosque, 
P^- Lij)^^ mugawryn. 
jjjjl^or JLi^U sawys*, sergeant, 
pi, 4,.^) jUor ^.j.) jU sawsyja, 
iLii\:>.9a'Wyta, see 4k)^>. 

(iU5'^y, seeU 
--_..L a'ci/f/% seejU 

y\^gdjis , see jU 

^^gibb, pit, deep well, p?.^lo-l 

\.:^gaba, see J.>- 

jU- gabbdr, see jj=- 
iu.C;>- gabbdsa^ see j_p.i>- 

,2)1^ gabdn, see jjj?- 

A^y^gabbdna^ cemetery, burial 
ground, jpZ oIiLp- gabbandt. 

SjL»- gibdja, see r^^^ 

Ji^ ( J.<i'i^a6ad (jigbid)^io pull. 
j^i^\ingabad , or j..i-\itgabad^ 
to be pulled, .i^.*; magbud^ 
pulled. .A-:>. gabda, a pull, 

y^ (j>^)5'«tor (jugbur)^ to 
compel, repair,set (a broken 
bone);^?-jls;jJ\ eZ burttiqdn 
gabar^ the oranges are all 
sold; jjs-j(^l.jjj'5'/i*(in zamdn 
Loe gabar, it used to be so in 
former days, but it is not 
now the case. jv~ gabbar^ 
to set a broken bone. j^\ 
ingabar, or jj.f I itgabar, 
to be compelled, set, repaired. 
-'>=r' iggctbbar, or j\i-^ itgab- 
ba/^to be repaired, set, cruel. mar/fci'/r, compelled, re- 
paired, set. jKf mugabbai\ 
repaired, set. _;}?- gabr, com. 
pulsion, act of repairing, set, 
ting a broken bone, break- 
ing; j^i-l el gabi\d\gehTa.;\'j^7^ 
gabran, or j.ii-l bil gabr, 
by force; ^4^ jJr i/ot^^ cl 
bahr^ cutting of the halyg 




(well known ceremony in 
Cairo when the flood water 
is let into the canal which 
runs Ihrougli Cairo). iSj<^ 
gabrij^ forcible, violent; .y 
*ijj=r quica gabryja, force 
majeure, j^i taghyr, act of 
repairing, setting a broken 
bone.jj:^ gubr,ovj^^ tagab- 
bur, tyranny, cruelty, seve- 
rity.jL-5ra&k2r,tyrant, cruel, 
severe, pi. »jil-.?- gabdbra, 
j\4mugabbar, bone-setter, /)Z. 
^JiJ\si mugabbaryn. 

^_^:>- { ,_^.<i )gabbis, to be as hard 
as gypsum, turn to gypsum. 
^j^< mugabbis, hard as gyp- 
sum, turned to gypsum; ^.ie- 1 
(J-.*: 'aqloh mugabbis, he is' 
dull-brained, lie is thick- 
skulled, he is a blockhead. 
,_^j>- gibs, gypsum. 4.- 1>. gab. 
bdsa, gypsum quarry, pi, 
oLCp- gabbasdt, 

^j.>.gnbal, mouiilain, pi, J\^ 
gibdl,^.>. gabaly, mountain. 
ou)i, if i'%>.gabald ID y ,Tao\.n\- 

taineer, wild, savage, pi. 

'•li%^ gabalawyja. 4)!ilj»- 

gabaldja, hillock, grotto, 

pl,^\i%:^ gabalajdt. 

"iJ^^r (/«6j7to, natural constitution, 

pi, ^%^ gibilldt. 
ij'^>- g ibn,ov 4^»- g ibna, cheese. 
<>.«.^ gubn,ov 4-,L»-f/aMna, cowar- 
dice. oW gc''bdn ,coy^d.v(\,, pi. 
<frgibba, long loose coat worn 
-by native men, pl.^-^^ gibab. 
AlU i^gabahdna* ammunition, /)Z. 
olili- i^>- gabaljandt. 
*tir gibha, see ^.>- 
k'^iy^.) gO'bba (jigabby ), to 
offer gratis;>l.Uo o>l) Lie ^s>- 
gabba ^aUna talat kasdt^ 
he "stood" us three drinks. 
U. gaba, gratis. J,\s^ gdby, 
rent collector, pi, t\.>- gubd. 
A)\.p. glbdja, collection of 
taxes or rentals^ commission 
for collecting taxes or ren- 
ci->- gibyn, in- J^'^ gibha, fore- 


*::r gibyja, or x^l sibyja ,T^rayer 

*^gilta, carcass, corpse, body, 

pi. sL,'^gitat. 
-v«r"( x^< ) gahad (jighid). to 
deny.disbelieve. Ja-U gdhid, 
apostate, pZ. jL^o'\>.gahdyn; 
i^^'^\ So.\^ gdhid en ni'ma, 
j^guhr, hole, den, pl_ j,^ 

J^ gahs, young ass, ignorant, 
stupid, pi. j.^»r guhds. kL*^ 
gahsa, young she-ass, short 
smoking pipe, pi. cAt^ 
(J^ ( f-'fr ) gaham {jighim ), to 
send one to hell, ^gahham, 
to bluster, be impudent, til 
ingaham, or •^.^1 itgaham, 
to be sent to hell, a^^^ 
maghAm, sent to hell. ^ 
gojhm, act of sending one to 
hell. ^^i. taghym, bluster, 
impudence. ^ gdhym, hell. 
^ (t:f.)gahh{juguhh),io boast, 
talk big, vaunt. *^ gabh, 

boast, vaunt. !:-sr gahha, a 
lie, anexaggeration,pZ.v.:,li?- 
gahfidt.^-^gahbdh, boas- 
ter, one who talks big, fan. 
faron,pl. C}i^\'^ gahhahyn, 
■^{■^^.)gadd (jigidd), to 
exert one's self, be new. is>. 
gaddid, to renew, j/^l ig_ 
gaddid, or /ail itgaddid, 
to be renewed, ai-i ista- 
gaddj to be new. si--^ 
miistagadd, new, modern 
jj A*: tag d yd, renewal, juj*. 
gidyd, new, modern, pZ.jJb- 
gudad, or j' J:.- guddd; o^ll 
>-il^i-' el mdda el gidyda, the 
latest fashion; Joa:>. ^t 'a^i 
g id yd, or x^>- j.min gidyd^ 
afresh,anew, recently; J jl . 
Jj.i.>-}min auwilwe gidyd 
afresh, anew, again, over 
again;jLiJii-! ^Wbelgidyd, 
a game of chance; au* gi. 
dyd, para, 1/40 th |)art of a 
piastre,/)^, ^j^ gidad. 
j^gadd, seriousness, earnest; 
Jb-^^l5"/faMm ^add,seriously , 



seriously speaking; J.'^ 
j.l.\ \c imsy 'alal gadd, or 
ji-l Jc diii- /(aW(//c 'alal 
gadd, be serious! act se- 
riously! -J^ A* ^'-k bitit- 
kallim min gadd, are 
you talking seriously? \j»- 
giddan,\ery, exceedingly. 
jc^ giddy grandfather, pi. j^J^^ 
gudud, or ilj^l agddd ; 4>;\ 
iJj>. j6n giddak, the man 
you know, the man of whom 
we were speaking, jj^ 
gudM, or ^Ij^I agddd^ 
ancestors. | 

j\jj:^giddr,see j^>- 
^}\j:^giddl, see Jjo- 
J'^:^ {j'xii: ^ gaddar, to have the 
small-pox. (ijJr 9^'^f'y, 
small-pox. jA*J mugaddar, 
one who has had the small- 
j^=.gidr, root,the sexual organ 
in the male, pi. j}-i=r QudAr; 
,jj^.k; qata' gidroh, he 
expelled him, he got rid of 
him. j\j>- giddr, foundation 

of a building, wall ,<ljl J>- 
iSjJ^gidry,'i,ee jS>- 
^f.x^ .yJ::-l{j'>^^.)i99ad'<xn,io be 
brave, clever, intelligent. 
4..Pja- gad'ana, or acAȣ 
ma^'tZaVf, bravery, courage, 
cleverness, intelligence. ^J»- 
gada\ brave, courageous, 
clever, intelligent, young- 
man, />i. ^\cX:>- g id'dn . ^^ 
magda\ brave, courageous 
^jt^ {Sx^)gaddif,io blaspheme. 
Uiisi- iagdyf, blasphemy. 
^x^{6-^^.) g<-^dai (jigdil), to 
twist, plait, braid. J:>'<r 
gddil, or».,JiC.I iggddil 
ivayJa,[o have a controversy 
or a dispute Avith. J-X:^! inga- 
dal, or Jj^fl Itgadal, to be 
twisted, plaited, braided. 
JjjL*j magdiU, twisted, 
plaited, braided. Jj^ 9<^dl, 
act of twisting, i)laiting, 
braiding. ^}\j,>- giddl, orJiV*: 
m«(/'UZto,i'ontroversy, alter. 



cation, debate, dispute, pi. 
^'^:A<mugadldt, ^s^gidy- 
la, braid or tress of hair,pZ. 
Jilj^ gaddjil. 

Ji-*»-(J^-^?r) gadwil, to clieclier, 
cross-rule. ^il^Mggadwil, 
or Jjj.f I jit gadwil^ to be 
checkered,cross-ruled. J J Jls; 
m 2<^ftd w ;7,checkered,cross. 
ruled. -Jjjo. gadwila, act of 
[checkering, cross-ruling. 
JjJr gadwal^ list, return, 
table, time-tal;)ie, pi, J^ij;^ 
9'ad(tioi7;^^l\J,j^^ gadioal 
erfrfarfc^multipiication table. 

^•^'rQidy^ kid, pZ. ^jl,j;^ gidjdn; 

'^■^^^ Jrj > /ia^^ rigl 
el gidy, he broached the 
subject, he drew aside the 

jjjp. gidyd, see j^ 

4>,\>-gidyla^ seejj*. 

^M^guzdm, leprosy, elephan- 

V-V( v-i*: ) ga^ab (jigsib), to 
pull, attract.>_,Ii| ingazab, 
ov^li.\itgasab,to be pulled, 

attracted, lunatic. ^,l,t. 
mag^tlb, pulled, attracted; 
pi. ^;ils; magasyb. 
> ( 'j^)9ctrr (jugurr) , or ^^y^ 
gargar, to drag, draw, pull, 
trail; ^"^ ^ijj ^ garr 
wayjdhum kaldm, he 
entered into conversation 
with them; j3 ^ garr 
sakal^ he wanted to pick a 
quarrel.jilm5'arr,or _^'j>.\ 
iggargar, or y^ji^] itgar- 
(/ar, to be dragged, drawn, 
pulled; ^iil;, Ui:J>\essanf da 
jingarr, there is a demand 
for this article; l> ^ jf I 
ingarr min hena^ begone 1 
leave this place! _.^\ ista- 
garr^to draw gradually, 
buy on account. _,f*m?m^arr, 
or j}j^ magriir^ drawn, 
pulled; ,^^' ^<J,\elmarkib 
mungarra^ihe fAiii^ is going 
with the wind. j>. garr 
o'' »j*jT gargara, act of 
dragging,drawing, pulling. 

V jT 



trailing. 'j>. garra, a pull, 
pi. si^Sy^ gctrrdt.jVj^ gar- 
rdr, traces of a harness, pi. 
Cj\j\j^ garrardt; j\j>~ j^lj 
wabAr garrdr, tug-boat. 
ji^"! istigrdr, act of 
drawing gradually, buying 
on account, pi. C»\j\ji''\ 
istigrardt. j^jf magrur, 
cess-pool, sewer_, pi. j.^j\ji 
magaryr. Aijl^fl ingira- 
ryja, towage,remorquage, 

^yrgirdb, deep leather bag, 
sheath, pi. Joy~\ agriba, or 
^MjT girabdi; *.l^ Jc. j.\c 
'dm 'alagirdboh, he swal- 
lowed the bait, he took his 
word for it , 

^jrgurdb, see^l^ 

^yr gardd, locusts, sg. n\j>- 
gardda, pl.yi,\i\j>-garaddt. 
\'^ garrdr^ see j>. 
\j^gerdm* sec Aj- 
I J?, gardma^ sec ^y- 
\\j>.geranyt* granite. 

, I js-^az-ait, bravery. t^jrgO'ry, 
,J^.i\f:garawys, sweetmeat paste 
of opium. 

*>}jt9^^^J^, see i^j^ 

VjT ( vj*: ) gO'T-ab (jugrub ),ov 
v_.jP-! igrabb, to fade, have 
the itch.s_j^ garrab, to try, 
test, make an experiment. 
VJ^' i99C'frab,or^''jc\ it gar. 
rab, to be tried, tested. ,Jjf 
mugarrab, ot,^'^ mit gar- 
rab, tried, tested. *jj^ 
tagriba, trial, experiment, 
temptation, pi. ^-.jlf tagd- 
rib, or siXjf- tagribdt. wj>- 
garab, itch, scab, mange, 
wjss mugarrab, one who 
tried, experienced, expert, 
pl.o^.yf mugarrabyn. w.j>-l 
agrab, or i\jj>- ^farMn, one 
who is suffering from the 
itch, mangy, scabby. 

s^j^i ^.j^. ) garbid, io cause to 
have a rough or a wandering 
life. JL;jP-l iggarbid, or Ju^fl 
i<fl'ar6td,to have a rough or 






a wandering life. tS>j>-gar- 
bida^ rough or wandering 
AiJjjy-garabAndyJa* knapsack^ 
pi. wIjoj>- garabandyjdt, 

9j>j>- garbd\ waif. 

jt'rfrg'XT'gyr, water-cresses. 
C-J^ ( c-^ ) 9<^''af} (jigrah )^ to 
wound ; ^jt iJlJ; sibbdk 
jig rah, an over-looking 



gar rah J to 

cover with wounds, ^jfl 
ingarah, or ^^1 itgarah, 
to be wounded. ^'j.-\ iggar. 
rah, or 9-'j^\ itgarrah, to 
be covered with wounds. 
T-jj^ magruh, wounded, /)Z. 
<: jU magaryh, ^j<mugar. 
rah^ covered with wounds. 
^jf tagryh, act of covering 
with wounds. 9-j=- garh^ 
wound, pl.7-3j>- guruh. ^\"j>. 
garrdh, surgeon, pl,CX:>-\f: 
garrahyn. *.~>-\j>- *^ ^ama- 
lyj'a girahyja, surgical 
i j»- ( i j$ ) garad (jugrud ), to 

fade (colour), take stock, ^y- 
garradjto deprive^degrade. 
ij>-l ig gar rad, or i^\ it gar, 
rad, to be deprived, degra- 
ded, i j*s mugarrad, or ^Jff 
mitgarrad, deprived, de- 
void of, degraded, bare, 
simple; jc ^jt mugarrad 
''an, destitute of; U :,'j^, bi 
mugarrad ma, a.s soon as; 
oj^l ctul\ el V/i el mugar- 
rada, the naked eye Jj ,i- 
tagryd, deprivation, desti- 
tution. »Ji^ tagryda, expe- 
dition f mil. ) pi. oUfjf 
iagryddt. ij>- gard, act of 
taking stock, inventory. i_)j>-l 
agrAd, beardless. 
(jLs,)ij>. gard Caskar )* guard of 

^\iy,girddn, see o'i/ 

^ij>.gardal,* bucket, pail, pi. 

iT Jr (uT J^) gO'^^O'S, to disgrace. 
(j-j=r' iggarras, or ^^.^1 
itgarras, to be disgraced, 
^_^j^ mugarras, or ^jf' 




m ii^'rtrras, disgraced. ^,^ 
(agrys, act of disgracing. 
*i^yr guf^sa, a disgrace, 
n sliame, pi. ^f: guras. 
^y.y- gurasy, tale-bearer, 
scandal-monger, pi. 4:-^^ 

^yrgarasM^^^P^- w^fr^ agrds. 

^f: ( ^j*: ) ^a'^a/' (mruf ), 
to shovel, rake. .Jj-^l mg-a- 
raf, or Ojfl itgaraf, to 
be shovelled, raked. lJ.}j*s 
magrAf, shovelled, raked. 
^^i (a^ri//", act of shovel- 
ling, raking. o.jjV g^r-ixf, 
or Ajjss magrafa, shovel, 
/)i. ^jl^ gatoaryf,or^j\if 

^ ^ (/ar/',bankor edgeof ariver 
or a canal, pi. ^jj'rgii'^^if. 
J.jr^>. or ,ji^ sarkas* Circas- 
sians, sg, g,-3 jr or (j,--S ^ 
sarkasy,pl. <^\j^ or4-5T^ 

c'j^i f'A ' 9'^'^i'(^'^, to fine. ^ j>-l 
to be fined, ^jrf mugarram, 

or Ajf* mitgarram, fined. 
<j^ tagrym, act of fining. 
4..1j>- gardma^ fine, /)i. 
ol.l_^ garamdt. is.j>- ga- 
/■(/ma,crin'ie,offence, p^.c'jr 
gardjim.^ji mugrim, of- 
fender, culprit, guilty, pZ. 
^4 J*: mugrimyn. 
&j*r girim, enormous, large, 
jltj*. garmasaq, maple tree. 
iyyrgttrniaq, crowd, swarm, 

Ciy- gu'^n, wooden mortar, thre- 
shing floor, barn, pi. o^jr^ 
J; ^gurndl* journal, newspa- 
per, report, pi. JJl^r fl'^ra- 
nyl, or C.^^j'r gurnaldt. 
t^gurra, root, origin, spe- 
cies, pi. jj>- gurar; aT^;^ ^ 
qcita gurretoh, he expelled 
him, he got rid of iiim. 
^jriiSj!^.) gam (jigra), to 
liappen, take place ; *jJ iSyr 
garai, whVit has happened? 
what is the matter ? what is 
the harm? a^J a) iiyr gctra 




loh i^ what has become of 
him ? what is the matter 
with him % ^ iSf: gar a 
hir, thank God ! it may 
have been worse ; (SJr- ^ <^ J 
(Sjt zaj ma jigra jigra, 
come what may 1 coCite que 
coAte I si^_>-i iSyr^ <i'J' 
iszdj ma gar a we g St, how 
is it that you came ? <i j>- ajI 
Au ^ gara minnoh, what 
wrong has he done ? 4jj>-\ 
agra^ to do^ perform ; b-1 
^. U; bj>-l ihna agrinO. 
bina Mt, we built a house,, 
we had a house built. \j>-\ 
igra, action, performance, 
compliance, behaviour, pi. 
Ollj^-I igradt ; \j>-'^\ 4 ^ 
katab loh bit igra^he-wroie 
to him to comply; (►J^\ Ij^-I 
igraelldzim, act of doing 
what is necesssry, perfor- 
mance, compliance ; vjll^l 
,jjjil igradt el mag lis, the 
proceedings of the Court. 
'fjT^'fA) giry {JigryJ, to 

run, flow; ^^-Jl Jc (^ ^' >* 
huioabijigry "alaVSla, he 
supports the family, he is 
the bread-winner of the 
family ; o^\ Je ^Sj^. ^\ 
el hahym bijigry "alal 
^ayjdn, the doctor attends 
the patient; A;^\ Ac iSj^. ^ 
huwa bijigry "alal qadyja, 
he looks after the case. iS'j>- 
garra, to cause to run, 
(Sj^\ istagra, to dare, 
venture. (ijU g'drt/, running, 
current; (/jU-l j^\es sahr 
el gdry, the present month; 

usual. tij>- gary, or o*!/r 
garajdn, act of running; 
(^j»-»-lj rd/i gary, he went 
as fast as his legscould carry 
him. ajjU gdrja, female 
slave, negress, pi. j\y^ 
guwdr. Ajl^g-iMya, rations, 
coarse bread. (Sjf migra, 
stream, channel, gutter, pi. 
i^jltf magdry. 
i^yrgo^ry, see.«lj>- 





■^.f: Oi^yd, ribs of palm-tree 
branches, sg. »aj_^ giryda, 
pi. olJiij>- giryddt. »JUj»- 
giryda, journal^newspaper, 
pi, jj\j=- gardjid. 

i£.y.garyma, see fj?- 

>C J«) 90^^* (Jigi^'S ), to 
shear; ^jU ^:» y^ gazz 
m in hum filus, he made 
money by them, he fleeced 
them, j^l ingazs^ or yt\ 
itgazz , to be shorn, jjjsi 
magsiiz, shorn. j>- gasz, 
act of shearing. J|j9- gazzas^ 
shQQVQv, pi. cx.j\y;-gaz:;azyn. 
' jf ( Ijii) gazza, to divide into 
parts. |j»-i iggazsa, or ljtf.1 
itgasza,io be divided into 
parts.l j*f mugazza^ divided 
into parts, tsy^ tagzy, 
division. »j?- guz, part, 
portion, division, volume, 
pi. .Ij>-I agf^^d. \y>.\ agzd, 

chemical substances. 


agzagy, chemist, drug- 
gist, apothecary, pi. A;:^_>»-I 
agzagyjci; 4:>->VI *-jA* 

madraset el agsagyja, 
school of pharmacy. *''U-j>-l 
ag zahdna , pharmacy, dis- 
pensary, pi. diU-j;:^! agsa- 
bandt. iS'y: guzy , partial, 
small; o'_)i-l \jLiS^\ ilqaddja 
el guzyja, cases of summary 
\y>.giza, seejjV 

j^'jT g<^i"^^A^> see jy- 

jl j». gra^^d^, see j?- 
O'ijr guzddn, see^Hy^ 
y/T^J-Jr.) gazar(jugzur ), to 
slaughter, butcher, jjifl 
ingazar. or j-il itgazar, 
to be slaughtered, butchered, 
jjjsi magzui\ slaughtered, 
butchered; j^ysi oU mdf 
mdgzu r. he died of a broken 
heart, he died of grief. 
jjT PC(*r, slaughter, killing. 
j\'y>- gazzdr, butcher, pi. 
O/o'jr ga^^aryn. ,j\y>- 
flr/^^dra, butchery, butcher's 
jy>.gazar, carrots, sg. »jj>^ 
gazara,pl. Ci\jy>:-ga'icifdt. 



Syr 9^^^, see A. 
Ciiy^ guzldn, or C}^:>y^ giuddn, 
purse, pi oliVjrr guslandt. 
*^f^gazma, shoe^ boot, /)i. >_)>• 
gizam; viUJ 4..j>. gazma 
lastik, side elastic boot;4..j?- 
Jtfl.^. gazma bi rubdt, lace- 
shoe or boot ; iSj^y A.«Jrr 

gazma sawdry, knee boot, 
top boot. ^\>y>-gizaTndty, or 
ji y>-g a z m ag y , shoe-maker , 
pi. *jl»j»- gizamatyja, or 

'^yr{(fy^,) 9ct^a (jigzy), to 
recompense, reward. tJjU 
gdza, to punish. tSj^^ ^9"- 
gdzd, or t^jUl itgdza, to 
be punished. Ij,:^ ^i^a, or 
,ljl*i mugazd, or ajJ^*; 
mugazyja, punishment, ;jZ. 
^Wj^ gizadt^ or CAi'^y^gi- 
^x^frgi^yra, island, pi. yV^- 
gazdjir; ty^Jr^ iSjJ=r^j rd- 
gil zaj el gizyra,a. huge 
man, a big bulky fellow; i^i 
ji\J^\bildd elgazdjir,Alge- 

ri&. J,y,\y^gazajirly^ islan- 
der, pi. *J^Jj» gazajirlyja. 

^ly^giz^jA, taxation, tribute, /)Z. 
^\yr 9i^j<^t. 

u-r (X ) QO-ss (Jigiss), to feel, 
touch, take soundings ; a.L?- 
(ii 4ilJ.I J gissoh ftl mas- 
dla dy, find out his opinion 
in this case ! ,j~if I ingass, 
or ,j-^l iigass, to be felt, 
touched, j_^-p-> iggassis. or 
,_^^il itgassis, or ,_rf*"l is- 
tagass, to spy out, make 
secret enquiries. ,^ g'ass, 
feeling, touching, sounding; 
^_^i-l i.l/' 'amalyjet el gass, 

sounding operation. 


tagassus, act of spying out, 
making secret enquiries. 
^J.i^'^ gasds, spy-,detective, 
intelligencer, pi. ^-I^>- 
ing apparatus, pi. ^\^< 
tj^-^ gasdra,see ^^ 
s^:>.gasad, or ^-.>- gism, body, 
pi. iL.?-! agsdd, or aI-u>.| 



agsdm. **L>- gasdma, bulk_, 
importance. ^^^ gasym^lar. 
ge, great, important. 

^-*. .j^\i'\ ( j^\^, ) itgdsir, to 
dare, venture. »jL.>- gasdra, 
or tjJ^iimugdsra, or ^^li 
tagdsur, courage, bravery, 
boldness. j^->- gasur, dar- 
ing, courageous, brave, pZ. 
tjij>— r gcisuryn. 

^->-fl'Js^', bank, embankment, 
approaclies, road, pl.jy^ 

f^ gism ,&nd ^^.^gas ym ,seex^>- 
j^-*- gasur, see ^^:>- 

JL>-or^-Li sism* eye-salve. 
ji.p- or ^i-i sisny* test, verifi- 
cation, pi. J\i.>- or (JVii 
scis^Jnyjj^ii J/' 'amal sisny, 
lie tested, he verified ; ^j^ 
(jli>- muhandis sasdny, 
surveyor of contracts. ^^^ 
siinagy, mint essayer, />Z. 
A.-jt-"-' sisnagyja_ 
jk^:>. . J^^ ( ^kJ^ ) iygaslan, 

see tjfl.ii»- 
^s^\»>-ga"dsy, sce,_^:^ 

ol»>-5'a'^n,see C.U- 
^.=^ (At^ii') ga'ga, see j^ 
jl«>- .Xls: muga^ad, curly (.hair). 

OJb^ ( O-H^ ) O-J^l igga'din, to 
be vulgar, insolent, shabbily 
dressed. *iSA>- ga'dina, vul- 
garity, insolence, shab- 
biness. ^^x^^giidy, vulgar, 
insolent, one who is shab- 
bily dressed, pi. *iJi:»>- 
J.P- ( j»^ ) ga''cir\ov ^>. ga'ga\ 
to howl, roar, shout, yell. 
j<»>. gVyr, or ^5.,^ tag'yr, or 
A»=t.>- ga^ga'a, howl, roar, 

j^i_,,:^^fi'rdn, beetle, scarab, large 
playing top, pi, otjU*- 

jjA.>- -o^l ( o^'f:) inga'as (Jin- 
giHs),or ^^-^1 iggastan, or 
u^'^n iggarnas, to recline, 
lounge, sit back (on a sofa, 
etc.).^y»«: niag^iis, or jW^f 
muggastan, ov ^jo^mug- 
ga^mas, one who is reclin- 
ing, lounging, sitting back 

( on a sofa^ etc.). *-a.9- ga^sa^ 
or *dc^?. gastana, or <u)j^ 
ga'masa,Si recline, a lounge. 
o«^=r gi'ys, great, grand, 
proud, pi, ^Up- ^if'd.s, ^^l«?- 
ga'^^dsy, large, enormous; 
,#Us- _JS^ /faZ& ga^^dsy^ a 
monster dog. 
J*r(J«^) ga'cil (jig'al), to 
make, render. J»^l inga'^al, 
or J«f I itga^al, to be made, 
rendered. J^»^mag''fiZ,made, 
rendered, fee, wages, com- 

^jt^gu'lus, thick, stout, clumsy. 

^»«^ . u^^\ ( t^v»«: ) igga'mas, 
see ^)dA»- 

(^ju.p-S'i'^'^y, see^JUp- 
^^^S'iV, see j.:^ 

(jo.^gi'ys, see^yi«. 

gugrdfy, geographer. 
^i:^gaft, or ^Li 6'//"^,* tongs, 
pincers, forceps, pi. wy»- 
guf{it;^\ vLU /idi eZ 5'a/"i, 
do not draw aside the 
curtain! do not broach the 

subjectl do not let the cat 
out of the bag ! (silversmith's 
talk ). 

d''^{d^<.) aaf'^l (jigfal), to 

shy (horse ). 
iii\.i>-or dliii siflik *{Sirm, estate, 
pi. iUliP- or iUlLi safdlik. 

^gifn, eyelid, pl.c^^iJgufiin. 

j^gifyf, sheath, pi, Cljji?- 

^^ov Ji kill, liorse-cloth. 

%-gila, see ^y 
^y^galldb, and 4^ !>U gallabyja, 

see wU 
j-'^>- guilds * thin bread used for 
making Turkish cakes. 

^i'%-galldla, see*L>- 

wJ«-(wi$) 9'ato6 (Jiglib), or 
wl*!"l istaglib, to bring, 
import. ^Jjf 1 ingalab, to be 
brought, imported, ^jl^ 
maglCib, brought, imported. 
^^ g alb, or ^'^''\ istigldb, 
act of bringing,importation. 
^ >'<^ galldb slave-dealer, 
pi. * ::>U galldba. J, >L 
g'aZW6{/,imported. k^galba^ 


\ '0 


abroad, foreign country. 


*.« %-gallabyja, long blouse, 
pi. ^%- gdlalyb, or oL^U 
cJ^gilbdn, peas, sorgho. 

<jJ*- ■ j*.Wl(^j.l«i)orjAJ.I issalbin* 
to be refined, gentlemanly, 
stylish, ij^ or J^-i- kilaby, 
refined, gentlemanly, stylish, 
pi. A...U- or 4.-.U salabyja. 
4.:Jj- or 4.:!^ salbina, refine, 
ment, gentlemanliness, sty- 

^S^gilba, ring of metal, union- 

[)iece, pi. ^U gilab. 
X^salaby, see ^^J*- 

Oj=r gilgil,OY ^a^\*- glngil, small 
bell, pi. J>-^^- galdgil ; ^y-; 
Jp-^U *a\c (laraboh ^alqa bi 
galdgil, he gave him a 
sound thrashing. 

J.'^gilagy,see ^ j 

^ (^^)fl'ciWa/},to\vhet(razors, 
etc.). 7^\ iggallal}, or ^i.\ 
itgallal}, to be whetted. ^U I 
mugallah, whcltcd. ^A^ 
taglyh, act of whetting. ^U | 

galh, whet-stone. 
J^=r{M:) galcid (Jiglid), to 
\vhip,scourge. jS.»-gallid, to 
bind a book, j^f I ingalad, 
or j^if 1 itgalad, to be whip- 
ped, scourged. aUl iggalUd, 
or JiU I itgallidjiohe bound. 
ijl*: maglud, whipped, 
scourged. Ai. mugallid, 
or j^^ mitgallld, bound. 
j)p- gfaZcZ, act of whipping, 
scourging, jj^ taglyd, 
book-binding. jJ.3-g'f7cZ, skin, 
leather, pZ. i^^;- guUid;tJcX» 
.jja- mdt fy gildoh, he was 
frightened to death, he 
trembled like an aspen leaf; 
>M: o^'^ bills bi gildoh, he 
had a hair breadth escape ; 
(iji/TjJp- gild ikwdry, cali 
leather ; j^^l.iis' jj^. gild sif}.- 
tijdn, Morocco leather ; j^ 
ylJiJ gild lustryno, \)0.[.ent 
leather ;_,,»- jj»- gild hilr, 
coarse leather. ,ji>- gilda, 
apiece of leather, cover of 
a book, pi. j^»-g Had, or z^\j^ 





gilddt. tj^ galda^ a stroke, 
a hiding, pi. c>\j^>- galddt. 
ji*: mugallid, or JIjJj^ mu- 
galUddty, book-binder, pL. 
(ji.j\^ mugallidyn, or *J\j\>r 

(j-V ( ^■^ ) gcilcis (jiglis), to sit 
down. |_j«U gallis, to cause 
to sit down. ^jU gulus, 
act of sitting down, acces- 
sion to the throne. jj-As^ 
taglys^ act of causing to sit 
down, ^si maglis, council, 
court, company, assembly, 
pi. ^Isi magdlis ; jUiJ^ ^9; 
maglis en nuszdi\ Coun- 
cil of Ministers ; iSjy^ ij^'r 
ai'^/^'^ maglis sawra el 
qawanyn, Legislative Goun. 
cil ; Ofr-^*^ ^Tj*- *'^ batnoh 
fiaraget maglisin, his 
bowels moved twice. a-U 
galsa, meeting, sdance^ pi. 
oL-U galsdt. ^]^ gO'lys, 
companion, pi. \.-.U- gulasa, 

JaU(iaL*i) galat (juglut), to 
skin. Jali^l ingalat, or U^l 

itgalat, to be skinned ; Jalf 1 
l:» J. ingllit min hena^ 
begone! leave this place! 
iaU gait J act of skinning. 
J='^i>- galldfy, rough,coarse, 
^>. galambo,* see ^1 
ii^gilla, dung. aIS^:^ galhXla, 
girl who picks up dung 
from the streets, p^. zS^y>- 
ii\s>-galla^'ov *.o kalla* bomb, 
shell, pZ. JU- gulal■,^y^i■\(Sj 1^* 
hawa zaj el gulal, keen 
blasts of wind. 

j^jU gulds, see ^_Pia- 
Jr ( Jt^ )9^^^(ji9ly),^o polish, 
burnish, cause to be happy 
or gay. Jf I ingala, to be 
polished, burnished, happy, 
gay. J*: magly, polished, 
burnished, happy, gay. ^>. 
gila, or J^ g'aZ^, polish, 
bur nish,act of silver-plating, 
gilding. j^U gilagy, one 
who silver-plates or gilds, 
pi. A^^U gilagyja, 

^jA>- galys, see ,_;Ji9- 


\ -Y 



( Jai^ ) galjat, to smear, 
cause to be greasy. ^S=r^ 
iggcLljat, to be smeared, 
greasy. ia._l*; mtigaljat, 
smeared, greasy; iaJ*: ^^ 
kaldm mugaljat^ rude or 
vulgar words. Aa-U galjata, 
act of smearing, causing to 
be greasy. 
gamddj see x?- 
gamaddna* see ^iU^ 
gammas, sec ^^^U 
gimd", see *?- 

gamdl, beauty. J-^ gamyl, 
or oVl?- gamaJ/Xt^ beautiful, 
liandsome, pretty, pZ. Jl?- 
gumdl. J.^ gimyl, favour. 
gammdlj see J-?- 
gamakistik, sec vil:-.! 
gamhary* shrimps. 
gambdn* ham. 
gimgima, skull, pZ. >-l^ 

( ji*.«i ) gimid ( jigmad ), to 
ho dry, solid, hard, stiff, 
frozen; *^i; J J^^ gimid fy 
nafsoh^ he was astounded. 

-L?- gammid, to dry, freeze, 
cause to be solid, hard, stiff; 
dLU jlV gammid qalbak, 
have courage! be brave! 
Jj^i tagmyd, act of drying, 
hardening, freezing, causing 
to be solid, dry or stiff. J14U 
gdmid^drj, solid, hard, stiff, 
frozen, strong; Ji.U aJJ 
qalboh gdmid, he is coura- 
geous, he is brave. ^Ir- 
gamdd, inanimate,;)^. oUV?- 
gamaddt; Jjl jl?- gamdd 
auwil, and ^^-l :t\f- gamdd 
dhar, 5th and 6th months 
of the lunar calendar, ajj^-p- 
gumudyja, dryness, soli- 
dity, hardness, stiffness. 
j~gamr, live coal, sg. ty^ 
gamra, pi. C>\yf;- gamrdt, 
,_,?- gamra, or ^ j^-y farf). 
gamr^ carbuncle. 
jU- gummar^ crown of date 

^j?^ gamruk, or ^^kumriik* 
custom-house, duty, pZ.iJJli^ 
gamdrik. ^j^ gumraksy, 



custom-house officer^ pi. 
4..C,?- gumruk syja . 
fjo.!;- 9'C(ms^rough_,unpolished(man') 
*?- ( «*.<! ) gama^ (jigma)^ to 
collect^gather,add, compile; 
L>'iVI |»r ^^ "^^' gama ilia 
waffaq ^they are worthy of 
one another, they match 
one another. »?- gamma'', to 
collect many things toge- 
ther, gather, compose type. 
«*.-f I ingama', or **.f I itga- 
ma\ to he collected, gather- 
ed, added. «rri Igtama", 
to meet, assemble ; j>c''l 
4) igtama't boh, I met 
him, I had an interview 
with him. «?- ^'am', collec 
tion, gathering, addition, 
plural. ».»<i tagmy\ collec- 
tion, gathering. f-[?-gimd\ 
sexual intercourse. ^cX?- 
gamd^a, people, party, 
family, wife, pi. oWl?- ga- 
ma^dt. «37 magma", council, 
meeting, assembly, synod, 
pi. ^.Vjt. magdm'C. c-^sr 

mag mil'' , total, collection, 
pi. Zj'Cj^ magmudt, or 
«^U« magamy. ».U- gdmi\ 
mosque, />Z. ..\j>- gawdmi\ 
*.\j^l igtimd\ assembly, 
meeting, /)i. oWl;?-l igt'ima- 
Yot. 4^^ gam'yja, meeting, 
society, company, p/.. oL«?- 
gam^yjdt. «.?- gamy\ all; 
^a.?- gamy"hum,d.\[ of them; 
A»;.?- lif J.-U. s::^.; 5^i miattit 
mimma gamy'oh, a house 
thoroughly furnished ; b j^il 
4.«.?- l<: istarina mimma ) 
gamy'oh, we bought all that i 
was required. »",?-^ammf/', 
type -compositor, pi. a*.?- 
gammy'a. aj,?- gtim'a^week, 
pi. ^ guma'-j ^.i-l .^i j6m 
eZ^/Hm'a, Friday ;.jr}5ClU»JrU^i 
j6m el gum'a el kibyra. 
Good Friday. 
J.-- ( J^si ) gamal ( jigm il), to 
add, put together. Jv^l 
ingamal, or J».f I itgamal, 
to be added, put toge- 
ther. 4-r gumla, several. 


\ •^ 


total, phrase, pZ. J?- gumal; 
i_^l; ^J.?- gumlet nds^ many 
people ; ^\i\ sj^ 6i gumlet 
en nds, nmong other people, 
along with others ; ^■■^li bil 
gamla, in brief, wholesale; 
4?- l^i j» huwa jiqra 
gumla, he reads without 
spelling the words. 
J?- g^amaZ, camel, pZ. Jl?- ^/J/jidZ. 
^\?;- gammdl^ camel-driver, 
pi, 4!\?- gammdla ; jirl ci^l 
i}\^\ {S:i\}ddyel gamal we 
ddyel gammdl^ here are 
both parties concerned ; U 
JJ7I VI ^.S ^_;j-i:c ma 'andus 
kibyr ilia elgamal,he fears 
or considers no one. 

^^i; g a ma 16 n,*avch,hr ace, truss, 
( arch. ), pi, olljl^ gama- 
londt-y CjJ^ir\ ^'' sath el 
g'amftWn, ridge, upper angle 
of a roof where tlie rafters 
meet each other. 

jjf?- gamhCir, crowd, pi, ju»\^ 
gamahyr;jy^^\ el gamh{ir , 
the public. a»j^(.^ yamhu- 

ryja, republic, pi. oIjj^.^?- 
ajj^j- gumudyja, see jl?- 

jK?^ gimmes, sycamore-trees, 
fruit of the sycamore-tree, 
sg. .j^.?- gimm^-^a, pi. o'j;^?- 

>L^!^ gamy\ see*?- 

J-.?- gamyl, see Jl?- 
ar( 0^ ) 5'«'^'i (Jidinn), or 
jv-l iggannin,orfy.if-\ itgan. 
;im, tobe mad, insane. jU- 
^ann in, to cause to be mad 
or insane. ^;,f-"l istagann^ to 
consider mad. j,:^ ginn, or 
4..:?- ginnyja, fairy, /)Z. oLv 
ginnyjdt. (^jlv gindn, or 
(^y>- gun&n, madness, insa. 
nity. oy^t* magnAn, mad, 
insane, lunatic, pZ. tjjiUt* 
maganyn ; *.^■>^ ^«\.i. II 
lamma tjl'et gannAntoh, 
when ho became exaspe- 
rated, when he lost his 
^\.:^ gindb, niid olv gannabyja, 




see ,_^>. 
^l:^ g indh^\\ing,pl^^\ agn iha, 

or cj\o-\:>-ginahdi. 
S^^ginndz, see >*>. 
O^^gindn, see ^>. 
iS'.^'rO'^ndjny, see au.-:^ 
^'S'Tgindja, crime, pZ. wU.v 
ginajdt.j[::^glndj\ criminal 
( case \ j\^gdny, criminal, 
faulty, blameable, pi. o<.S\>. 
ganyjyn; di-i; Jc JU-I ^M 
ento el gdny'ala nafsak, 
you have yourself to blame. 
*--\c j^\ elmagny 'al^h, the' 
victim of the crime. 
^:>. ganb, or ^s^ gamb, sidej 
flank, pi, ^[:^\ agndb, or! 
w' 1^:;- gawdn ib; jC di^v ^» j 
huwa ganbak sukkar, you I 
are worse than he;JiSJ\ ^U>-l ! 
agndb eVaqd, haunches of I 
a building. *j:^ gan ba, basket ' 
(one of two carried on cattle 
back), pi. .^ glnab, or 
wU- ganbdt. ,_,li^ gindbj 
Highness, Lordship; ClJ^ 
g indbkum, your liiglmess,' - 

! your Lordship; JU\ ^Ui.| 

elgindb el 'dig, or v_-l:^l 

His Highness the Khedive. 
*:il;p- gannabyja, canal 
alongside the railway, pi_ 
oL.U:^ gannahyjdt. ^'U 
^^ni6, side, part, quantity; 
**^\tl ^U Jc ^ic juhsam 
'ala gdnib el hukuma,{o be 
charged against Govern- 
foreigner, pZ. ^'Ul agdtiib. 
j^^'rgunbds* gymnastics.'' 
f^{^^) ganah (jignah or 
jignih), to find guilty. ^^\ 
inganah^OT ^.^\ itganah, 
to be found guilty. ^/=t. 
magnuh, found guilty, a^ 
gunha, misdemeanour, de- 
lit, offence, pZ. g- gunah; 
'»-'t'*7 Oyj> marfut bi gun- 
ha, discharged with igno_ 
miny;^.i.( X^iimahkamet el 
gunah, tribunal correc- 
•jj:^ gandarma* Constabulary. 




A^jj^ gandaryja, regulation tim. 
her, pi. siAijj^:^ gandar yjdt , 

Jixv ijandufly* oysters. 

if-^-^gindy, soldier, pi. vij^:=r 

i]\j^gin iraZ/general officer, pi. 
zJ^\j^ginlralAt,ov aJ\>^ 
giniralyja-. JljU- J-aJ qan- 
sul ginirdl, consul General, 
pi. AJ\j;>- J-»^» qandsil 
■J^ ( j"^ ) ganni2 , to read the 
funeral service over the 
dead.jV?- ginndz, funeral, 
funeral service,mes5 de re- 
funeral procession, pZ. ^ljU»- 
ginazdt; ^IT^I^ .jU .jl^-l 
elgindza hdrra wil may- 
jet kalb, too much ado about 
nothing; ^^^ic^ Jj:il\ Jil y* 
*Jjl:»-j huwa jiqtilelqatyl 
wejimsy fy gindstoh, he 
strokes with one hand and 
stabs with the other. 

j\j^gin,zdr, see j j^- 

^y^jv: ga^nzabyl, or ,}^jxanga- 

byl, ginger. 

jj^{ j'j-'^r. )gansar , to be rusty. 
jjUj muganzar, rusty. 
J^j^ginzdr, rust. 

j^'jhganzyr, or jjf j zangyr* 
chain, pi. y,j^ ganazyr pv 
^p-\jj zanagyr. 

y.-<- ) gannis, tomix^ assi- 
milate, make a thing of 
different kinds- ^\^ gdnis, 
to entertain, keep company. 
^>-\ iggannis ,OT^y.i.\itgan. 
nis, to be mixed, assimi- 
lated, naturalized^ made of 

different kinds, 


nis, or ^'^' mitgannis, 
mixed^ assimilated, natura- . 
lized^ made of different 
kinds;^j»ut« Ja-lj rdgil mu- 
ganniSj man whose parents 
are not of the same nationa- 
lity. ,j-i>- gins, kind, sort, 
nationality, pi. ^U?-l agnds; 
^l:i^^?-ijLj Ji;*-l. ma'andys 
gins kitdb, I have not got a 
single book, I have not got 
anytliing like a book. *~-^ 


\ w 

ginsyja, nationality. AJ't* 
mugdnsa^ entertainment, 
society, company. 
-g'an/'as,* taffeta. 
*^ganna, paradise, pi. viu>- 
ganndt-^ ^,X-\j^i.aP- '^asfurel 
ganna, nightingale. 
C)y^ gunun , Bind. ^^ginny , zee j?^ 
4y^^wn^Zto,*petticoat,jo/. >Li'^^^ 

^'•^yr g inina , garden, pi. cxS^ 
gandjin. ^^>\u-- gandjny, 
gardener, pi. A._~:iVv gandj- 
ny ja. 
*'v':9in4,OY ^^ giny* Pound, 
£ , pi. '^^■^■^ ginehdt ; i.^x^ 
iSjii.\gini ingily-^y, pound 
sterling; ^fj-^ *^ gini 
masry, pound Egyptian; 
(iJijse.. Aj^- gini magydy, 
Turkish pound; yu. i.~^gine 
bert<o,Napoleon,20Fr. piece. 
tf:>\t>-gihddy,see j^ 
\'j\^gihdran, see j^ 
}\^gihds, see _)j>- 
s^ .j^\ ( Aff: ) igtahad (jig. 

tihid),\o exer.t one's self, 
endeavour, be diligent . AaU 
grd/ifd, to struggle, s^^gihd 
or guild, effort, exertion; 
^•^er J*^* i^mil gihdak, do 
your best! (J^i>- J^; bi hull 
g'r/idf/,with allmy strength; 
A;jll s^<:hi gihd el gihyd, 
with the greatest difficulty. 
iljT;^! igtihdd, diligence, 
effort, exertion, j^jjst. mug- 
fa/i id, diligent, pi. Ji-vpc. 
mugtahidyn. iSi^'r gi- 
/i(id|/, military, soldier, pi. 
ii_:>\(^ gihadyja-^ <i:\^\ o\yii 
dywdn el gihadyja, War 

jfr -jir^ <^9har , one who is day. 
blind. I jj>-^a/i ran, or \'j\f^ 
gihdran, publicly, openly. 

>r( >^) 9ihi3! (jighas), to 
be ready, ^j^ gahhis, to 
prepare, equip; a.-.j^»\\ Ij_)*>- 
gahhisu el ^arusa, the 
bride's trousseau has been 
made.j4>-l iggahhi^, or j^il 
itgahhis, to be prepared, 


\ \r 


equipped. 3^*^ mugahhis^ov 
jf^* mitgahhis , prepared, 
ready. jr_^ taghyz, prepara. 
tion, equipment^ pi. wljr^ 
taghy:;dt; *.i}^^\ 4.-jaU el 
madrasa et taghysyja, 
preparatory school. j»\>- gd- 
his. ready, prepared, jl^ 
gihdz, system, apparatus^ 

tU^i J**: ) gahal (jighal), to 
be ignorant, lead a free life. 
J^"! istaghil, to consider 
ignorant. J^ gcihl, igno- 
rance, want of experience; 
^ii: t^^' flli'is hi gahla^ 
heaps of money. J»U gdhil, 
ignorant, inexperienced, pi. 

^-.(pi-gahannam, hell; ^p- Jc ^j 
r{ih "ala gahannam, go to 
the deYiV. ^^:^>-gahannamy, 
appertaining to hell, devilish, 
energetic. *-:»-"4>- gahanna- 
^yJC', bougainvillea. 

t^giha^ see t^i 
jj-g^a JO, atmosphere, sky. 

\'j:>-guwa^ inside. ij\'j^guwdny, 
inner, internal, 

>^^j:--gawdb, see ^^V 

:>\'^>- gauwdd, see^U 

jlj?- guiodr, see j.jU 
^j^\ij\y^guwardas6la^ or 4!_^-»ljj3 
toardas(5fa/awning,tent, pl_ 
oV^^ljjl^»- guwardasoldt, 
or ^Sy^\:,j) wardasoldt. 

j\y^gawdz, see jU 

ii\y^gawdfa* guavas. 

Jlj^ or Jl^i s?< tod Z/corn sack,/)i. 
^Vlj?-or^Vl^- suwaldt. 

^}\j>-gawdly, crutches ( mech. ). 

jl^,. guwdny, see ly^ 
jfcljp. gawahirgy , see |^^ 

f-,>-g(ih, broadcloth, woollen 
material;^y^A! ^masah loh 
gdli, he flattered him; ^U. 
7-^>- massdh g{i/i, flatterer. 

:>y-- gdd, see jU 


i>j3^g6ra, pit, hole, pi. ^'j^ 

i^j>r (jjj ) gtiry(ward), Bengal 
jy^gf^^, walnut-trees, fruit of 


the walnut-tree, sg. $jy^ 
gdsa^ pi. oi jy^ gosdt. ,jy^ 
gd^a, hookah ( native ), pi. 
olj^ gozdt; ,jy^ j^kas- 
sar g'd^a, prepare a hookah! 
>.-^^j)':-9^'SSt tyb, nutmeg; 
iS-Xut jy^- gds hindy, cocoa- 
i^ut; jij\ ',jj>- gdset es z6r , 
Adam's apple; J^»- ^tJ,- 
bdsab gdz, walnut timber; 
*iJjr o^ haldwa gozyja, 
almond cake. 
J^ gdz, see jU 

f\>r 9'^\ and c^e. j>- gu'^dn ,^eQ ^U 

^^g6f, inside, interior, bowels, 
pl.^\^\ agwdf. 

Jy^gdg, theatrical company, 
group, pi. Jl^l agwdq. 4»^ 
gdqa^ crowd, assembly, pi, 
o\J^>- goqdt. 

Ji^gdlaq^ nozzle, /)i. j.l\^>- ga- 

t^y^gdla, hub of a wheel, pi. 
oV^ goldt. 

t>>r ( Cjyf ) g<^uwin, to cause to 
go deep or far. o^>-l iggau- 
win, or o>^l itgauwin, to 

godeeporfar;ji:JlJ Oyr'^' 
huwa iggatiwin fyeddin, 
he is steeped in debt, he is 
over head and ears in debt, 
jt^ tagwyn, act of going 
deep or far. 

jfy>-guwanty* g\o\e,pl. ou;^ 

f^j>-g6har, jewels, pearls, sg. 
•j*yr g6hara,pl. ^\}:^ga- 
wdhir^ or olj»j^ gohardt. 
olj»^. mugohardt, jew- 

^^^y- Jrj*->=r Qohargy, or 
j-j>^\y.gawahirgy, jewel- 
ler, pi. A-?-j*^ gohargyja, 
or iu».^lj:j. gawahirgyja. 

i^2i_ y- gu to yta, or J-LojW gawyta, 
trenail, iron stand, brass 
bolt, pi. oll»i^ guwytdt, 
orollaijU gawytdt. 

tjif-gayjdra^ see jj?- 
^.^ gf^b, see kjU 
j^gyr, lime; J^j*: jyr S'i/r 
mahruq ,or jk- .,^ g-t/r 
matfy, freshly slacked lime. 
.jC?- gayjdra, lime kiln, /)Z. 
oljL> gayjardt. 




tj<=^gyra^ sec j^U 

tj'^'rgysa, see jU 

JL-^^^8, army, pZ. j.^.:;- gujds. 

^i^i-l J^ S-rtfeaZ elgujusy, 

Mokattam mountain. 

c^rr ( o^:»: ) g<^yjas, or ^.p- ^ 

/■ag«' gys, to break wind. 

d^^>-gydn, see ^U 
Ai..:^gyfa, carrion, carcass, pi. 

^rT giJO'f. 
S-.'rQyh century, generation, 
pi. Jl>-I agjdl. 
i^'r-^rgujMy, see J..»- 

^ /i<z, contraction o'^ fj\j rdjih 
(going); JS^UIM analidktil, 
I shall eat; ^^i^U j.y;l^\\ el 
wahdr ha jimsy^ the train 
shall start;*j' J*.)* U /la (i'm il 
(*, what shall you do? 
-^U .r-^"' (/r^*t) ihidg, or r-,:»-l 
ihtawag, or r-^il inhawag, 
to require, be in M'^ant. ^-^ 
ha wag, to be in want, cause 
to be in want; v-^^^^ «^.>»- ^ 
lamma hawaget lid rJarb, 
when it came to blows, jp-las 
muhtdg , or r-j^ mahudg^ 
in want, in need; aj).^!*.^. 

a'j^ mushdwga kahXm, the 
least said the better. r-Ll»-l 
ihtijdg, want, need, require- 
ment, pZ. oU-Ll»-\ ihtijagdt. 
4:^W hdga, thing, object, 
want, necessity, pi. oUU 
hagdt; 4:^1.- |_ji.. mws Mga^ it 
is nothing, it is a trifle, it 
does not matter ;<i»-U J:.Ju> I. 
ma Qa^ads hdga, he did not 
stay long; -lo-Ui^Jiip ^<_r-'^'' ^ 
ma haddis loh '^andy hdga^ 
I do not owe any thing to 
any one, I care for no one; 
^r^'^JcX''^ l^ O'kal toala 


hdga,\-iQ has not eaten at all, 
he hardly ate any thing;*:^^ 
ic^-W hdga mihtdga, any 
thing whatever, ^y^hawd. 
jig, clothes. 
^U hdg, see ^ 
k^».\»- hdg ib, see ^^ 
yr^'-hdgh^ see 3^ 
^\i>-hdga, see ^U 
(ryr^'J-^^U hagiig ice magijg^ 

Gog and Magog. 
f\i^\^ha/jdm, rabbi, pZ. ^^^^.I^^u 
•»^ i'^)hdd( jihyd ),io deviate, 
turn aside from. ^^^ /ia?rad, 
or j^* hauwid, to turn a 
corner; dilUjc,>/ia«an-d 
'ato simdlak^ turn to the 
left! ^t:;Jc ^j^:. lil ana fiaa. 
Witt 'ala bethum, I called 
at their house on my way. 
O;^^ tahwyd, act of turning 
a corner. o_,- hawda, or 
*ilj^» haicddja, turn,curve, 
pi. ^^iy hawddt, or zA.^^^ 
hciicdajdt; Ob; J ^\^^ 
hawddt we lawddt, bends 

and curves. 

0.sU hddis, see d;Jo- 
3i\p-hddiq^ see jj^ 
jU. jl::-l (jl:*:) iAi(tr, or j^l 
ithayjar, to be perplexed, 
bewildered;.^.! J ^^i j^^^^^^ 
yar /?/ amroh^ he is in a 
dilemma, jj.^ hayjar, io per- 
plex, bewilder. ^_U hdjir, 
or jb; muhtdr, or^^ mj7- 
hciyjar, or jIjI^^ hayrdn, 
perplexed, bewildered, .^j^ 
/*f/^a. perplexity, bewilder- 
menl;,^>.J^»/i?aoa fyhyra, 
he is in a dilemma, ^.i 
^(^fyyjyr, act of perplexing, 
bewildering, ,j\»/i^m, lane, 
quarter, pi. oljU /laMf, or 
c^jl^^ haicdry. 
jU /idr, see _,=- 
j_^jU. Mr is, see j_^_,9. 
• jUAdra, see jU 
J*'=^ (Jy4) hd:r (jiihd- )^ to pos- 
sess, keep, retain. 3,U hdjiz, 
possessing, keeping, retain- 
ing, 'jf hd^CL, or ,jU 




hijdsa^ possession, keep. 

#jW hdsim, see »j»- 

^J-^(^J•j^) hds (juhAsJ, to be 
bewildered, perplexed, pot- 
ter about. |_^)U Mjis, bewil. 
dered, perplexed, one who 
is pottering about, ^^j ^y>. 
hds dds, pell-mell. *-^»-/id«a, 
bewilderment, perplexity, 
act of pottering about. 

j'^'-ij-}^. ) Mis(juMs. ), to pre- 
vent, restrain; ^J^J'\ J:»- 
hus el hardmy, stop the 
thief! j.['C\ inhds, or j,\i\ 
ithds, to be prevented, res- 
trained. j_jt y-Ziaaw; is, to save 
money, collect, gather. j.j>- 
hds, prevention, act of res- 
training; ^^»- /ids, courtyard, 
pi, o^-:" hyidn.^^^*- hdsa, 
cultivated land between the 
Nile and the safety bank, pi. 
j.y>- huwds, oroU^>- hosdt. 
^J.\)i- tahwys, act of saving 
money, gathering, collection. 
UU hdsa, God forl)id ! 

iiVM^lf, dry. 

*J;U hdsjd, see i»- 

J^U hdsil, see J^^- 
^^U(^.i) hddet [tihyd), to 
menstruate. ^Ji.^ /i^'/,mens_ 
truation, menses. 

^^U hddir^ see ^i?- 
J.U(M) -^^ (jihyU, or J.^ 
haiucat^ to surround, en- 
close; **U isU MtHlmoh, he 
informed him, he notified 
him.I»^il ithauwat, or i^jM-S 
ithdwit, to surround, be 
surrounded. i»j^ tahwyt, 
act of surrounding, enclos- 
ing. AJa.)_j,'i^a/i to {/ta,enclosure, 
pZ. oUa)_^i tahwytdt. *i.Ul 
iM(a, act of surrounding, 
information; KliAy^ ^J j^i 
taharrar loh lit ihdta^ 
notification was given him 
( by writing). W muhyt, 
circumference, ocean; yk 
Ja..sel vr~i ^""^''^ j'israb el 
muhyt, he drinks like a fish. 
J»-:- /i<?(, or *k^^h^ta, wall, 
enclosure, /)/. o^:»- ^U'A"'. 
JoUvl ihtijdt, iirecaution. 




J.L:»-I t/i<(/(i(j/, precaution- 
ary, reserve, provisional, 
temporary; J'^'^\ ^^^ el 
jdm el i^iyd^t/, contribution 
towards pension. 

o^M/", only, alone, tout court; 
^U JL.ft '^s hdf, bread with- 
out adjunct; o\^ ^i- JHj 
bijdkul lahma hdf, he eats 
meat only ( without bread 
with it ). 

yU hdfir, see Jo- 
*i»»U hdfsa, see JiJ». 

*i\i>-fyXfa, brim, edge, p/. ^IsU 

j\e^hdfy, seej>- 

jU ( J^) /^9 (juh{iq), or jS^ 
hauwaq,{o have effect, be 
enough. j^Mioag, to stare, 
jj.- hayjaq, to taste, put a 
sufficient quantity of salt in 
food, jj.- hiq^or jU» hijdq^ 
taste of food (as to saltness). 

iJU (^JI;<t) hdk(jihyk), to weave. 
iJUl inM^, or ill^l aMfe, 
to be woven. i\\^ minhdk, 
woven. tSif- hij'dka, act of 

weaving. iJU^ hayjdk^ 
weaver, pZ.ct'^Cs- hayjakyn. 

C\o-hdkim, see C- 

iJ^( J:<)MiO"'/^i/^A to refer; 
.^' Je j)U MZnf/ 'a/a a/j6/i, 
he referred me to his bro- 
ther;4f\^l Jc .jU ^ai^/i "alal 
muhdkma,hewQs sent up for 
trial. Jy-^autoii,tochange, 
turn from, transfer, divert, 
deviate. jUl inhdl, or Jlil 
j7MZ, to be referred. Jli».| 
i/i-idZ, to be sly, use strata- 
gem. J ^W M to ii, to preva- 
ricate, beat about the bush. 
^'yi\ithauwil,io be changed, 
turned from, transferred, 
deviated. Jl^ m inhdl,0Y Jl^ 
mi7Mi, referred, ^'yi mu- 
hauwil, or^jy^ mithauwil, 
changed, turned from, trans, 
ferred, diverted, deviated. 
A\p-\ iMla^ reference. Jj^^ 
tahwyl, act of changing, 
turning from, transferring, 
diverting, deviating. J.^i 
tahwyl, or ^Jl^ huwdla, 




cheque, pi. ^}i}\i- tahawyl, 
or o"^!^ huwaldt. 4iy^ 
ia/i to {/to, diversion, p/«ip!il^^ 
tahioyldt. JU hdl, state, 
condition, circumstance, pi. 
^}\y.\ ahwdl; JU JT Jt 'ato 
kullhdl, any how, in any 
case; JU-' J fil Ml, or 9U 
hdlan, at once^ immediately; 
J'Kj JU Mi toe mihtdl, 
ways and means; viilU- »-j 
r^A lihdlak, or dilU J ?-j 
r^/i /t/ hdlah, or JU ,^ ^j 
dlU- rdh fy Mlsabylak, go 
about your business I *.:ju-, 
ji[l sayjibtoh li hdloh,l left 
him to himself; dJ!l»- JLiI <?s 
hdlak, or liUU c^jl i^r^ot/ 
hdlak, how are you? how is 
the world treating you? Jo-lj 
j\\o,jrdgilfyMloh,a. quiet 
man, a harmles man; jj Jc 
^iUU- 'ato qadd hdlak, to 
suit your means; -w Jc Jo-lj 
*^\a- rdgil^ahx qadd lidloh, 
man who lives from hand to 
mouth; j^ (1,1 JUi^i injigy, 

as soon as he comes; ^ aIU 
MZo/i yjg't/, it is time he 
should come. aIU hdla, state, 
condition, pi. oVW- haldt; 

<i/,a man like myself;, I»4lU.| 
el hdla hdsihi, now, under 
the present circumstances. 
JU M if/, actual, present, ^y 
h6l,ovj^\j>- hawaUn^YOwnd., 
around; o^J^ C:^\yhawal4n 
el b^t, all round the house; 
j^ ^J-'^^\_y- ^ ma hawaUks 
li^r, you do good to no one, 
you are no good to any one. 
JjU muhdwla, prevarica- 
tion, act of beating about the 
bush. Ji^" mustahyl, im- 
f^{r/z) Mm (juhAm), to hover 
about, go round, A>. hdjim, 
one who is hovering about, 
going round, ^y hdm, act of 
hovering about, going round. 
<*y hdma, group. 

JL*U- hdm is, austere, severe. 

,ji*U hdm id, see ^^ 


^yU hdmy, see jf 

*:Ae>-hdna^ den^ persons assem- 
bled together to drink, pi. 
o\;U. handt. 
Jy\*hanutY^ grave-digger, pi. 
4jyU hanutyja. 

ji^[ ji^ ) lidwir, to parry, 
AehoXe, ,ji\< muhdwra, act 
of parrying, debate, pi. 
OljjU muhawrdt' 
i^i^hdwy, seetSy 

j>_\o-hdjir, see;l.- 

jd^hdjis , see jU- 

Ji'^C JiV^ )Mjil,ov jcjA^I ithd. 
j'il ^ala, to coax, cajole. j\j^\ti 
muMjla, act of coaxing, 
cajoling. j\..>- hyla, trick, 
stratagem, pi. J.^- hijal; J j 
^J.^ loatod At/to, an only son; 
l^lj U^;l :i.j>- Co fcini /iyZei 
abdha we amma/ia, an only 
daughter of her parents; U 
jis-lj >i,.i ^p ,j.yAo- ma hyltds 
gir bit wdhid, he possesses 
only one house. 4a.\o- ji,yA.>- 1. 
ma hyltiis Mga, he has no- 
thing he can call his own. 

J:^ MJaly, wily, cunning, 
pi. aA;*- hijalyja. 

■ ( w«i ) /i«fe6 (Jihibb),io love, 
like, wish; .Jul Jt L^ /ia66 
'a to ydoh, he kissed his 
hand; J<i-jj Ji-^U ma habbis 
Judfinl, he would not enter; 
Iji >_,?-^» huwa nabb keda, 
hi wished it so. ^f- habbib, 
to cause to love,cause to like 
^1 inhabb, or^l ithabb^ 
to be loved, liked. <->}■< mah. 
biib, loved, liked; -^^-^ 
mahbiib, lover, sweetheart, 
ancient gold coin, pi. ._.;U 
mahabyb. ^»- hubb, love, 
passionate love. *.*? mahab- 
ba, love, affection, ^u?- 
habyb, friend,lover,/)Z.._<jL.- 
Iiabdjib.^^ muhibb , friend, 
pi. j\^ mtihibbyn . 'Jc l.,_^l 
ahabb ma ^alayja, I like 
nothing better, with all my 

-habb, grains, seeds, cereals. 
VjP- liabba, grain,seed, boil, 
pill, some, a little, pi. <^\^ 




hahhdt, or ^^f- hubiib; l;I-' 
<f istanna habba, wait a 
little! L* i-^ ^ijl iddyny 
habbet mayja,g\\e me some 
water I b^- 4.^.- habba sdda, 
seed of the fennel flower;ij>- 
a^^'^habbet el '^n, pupil of the 
eye; ^'L> habbet malh^heg. 
gar my neigiibour" game. 
^y^hibds, sauce for mussels. 

i\\^ habbdk ,see dL^ 

jL^/ia6Mi, see J*»- 

iS-f habatty, wily, cunning. 
J.^'^fj.'*^) habbar, to ink. j«.tf| 
ithabbar, to be inked. j>«! 
muhabbar, inked, jf-i ia^_ 
6i/r, act of inking. j\s- hibr^ 
ink; o/' j^^ /abr kdbja, 
copying ink;yj ;v~ (lifer si- 
fir, printing ink; ^^i- j^hibr 
hitm, sealing ink. ,^si 
mahbara, inkstand, pi. j\ji 
j^habar, black silk material 
of which the /'a6a ra is made. 
,j<^habara, clonk worn out 
of doors by native ladies, pi. 

Cj\j^ habardt. 
u-^ ( ^-«: ) habas (jihbis ), to 

imi)rison.j_^»- habbis, to im. 

prison one after the other. 

^j^\ inhabas, or ^J^\ 

ithabns, to be imprisoned. 

^^.i2 mahbics, imprisoned ; 

^}^ mahbiis, prisoner, pi. 

^_y^-\\^< mahabys. ^^ habs, 

imprisonment ; ^j-f habs, 

prison, pi. oUj..* hubusdt. 

^.>-.iil dda habys, room 

which has no window. ^_^ 

di-l-'^i mahbas el ustik, 

clasp of a neck watch-chain; 

^■^\ (j-.s; mahbas en nafas, 

safety valve. 
^_^ habas or hibs, or jLL»- 

hibsdn, Abbyssinians, sg. 

^JL=- habasy, fern. *.-!»•». 
hahakjja;J..y\ i% bildd el 

habas, Abbyssinia. 
ia^(Ji^ )/ia6ta^, to play low 
farce, do a thing with 
precision and care, ii-^ 
iahbys , act of playing low 
farce, doing a thing with 




precision and care, 
muhabbci-s, low farce player, 
pi. oi^^ muhabbazyn. 
^f. ( dJu<: ) habak (jnhbuk ), to 
sew together, unite firmly, 
weave; dli;4 \.kt gata juhbuk 
a well-fitting lid; jX^ i/ 
cJ}ihyja Jiabaketdilwaqtj 
must it be done now"? duil 
inhabak^ov di^l ithabak, 
to be sewn together, united 
firmly, woven. iJ^.»i ma/i- 
6ti/c, sewn together, united 
firmly, woven, di-* habk, 
act of sewing together, 
uniting firmly, weaving. iJlV 
habbdkj weaver, /)Z. jvTLj^ 

^f-(^J.<. ) Jiabbil, to cause to be 
pregnant, ^l^ hiblet, to 
conceive, be pregnant. Jj>- 
hibla^ pregnant, pi. JL»- 
luxbdla, J^ habal^ iJreg_ 
nancy, conception. 

Jf-habl, rope, /)Z. Jl.*- /u'Mi; 
viJbJul Jlj>- Jc 'ato /liMZ 
^d^/f, at your disposal, at 

your service; i\.ij.l <JL* _^» 
hawalnbdloh tawyla,h.e is 
slow, he is lengthy, he is 
dilatory. JL:^ habbdl, rope- 
maker, pi. ij^U^ habbalyn. 
^^hibla, see j.>- 
oV:*" fjabbahdn^ cardamom seed. 
,j^{fj^) habaQ'ihby), to crawl_, 
walk on all fours. jXa- hdba, 
to defend, be partial to. ^* 
haby, act of crawling, walk- 
ing on all fours. ,\.U muhabd^ 
or oUmu/iabyya, partiality, 
preference, favour. 
habyb, see^.^ 

liabys, see 


!:,»- C j^4 ) hO'tt (Jihitt), or ^^ 
hathit, to cut one bit after 
another, rub out.^i^Mnhatt, 
or j.,^1 ithatt, or ^^^i-\ 
ithathit, to be cut, rubbed 
out.^>-/2«^^,or4;i'^ hathita, 
act of cutting, rubbing out, 
Ats- /itf to, piece, slice, bit, pi. 
^'o- hitat; Jj ii^ liittet 
walad, only a boyl such a 
boy! .jj-lj 4i»- J^j *-. myi 



qirshitta fctJ/ida, a hundred 
piastres in a lump sunri; *li-l 
^X-f- el Ijitta 'anduhum , or 
^: ; ii;- hittel bithum, their 
street, their quarter. 

f-'-{ fA) hatam ( jihtim), to 
decide.\V toyman, decided- 
ly, without fail. 

j,-hatta, until^ even; djl j>- 
hatta mn, so that, in order 
iheit,unt[\;:J\ ^hatta enta, 
even you. 

!i^ (^^) ('f*ss ijiliiss), to 
exhort, urge^ encourage; 
JiiW Jc |_jis- hassiny ^ala es 
suglj he urged me to work. 
Os- /iass, exhortation^ encou. 

•^{'^^.) l.'^gg ijihigg), to 
make a pilgrimage to a holy 
land, 'v" hagg, pilgrimage. 
r-U l.'dg, pilgrim, fern. ^^-U 
hdgga,pl. ^ higgdg. 
^ , f^\{ ^14 ) ilUagg^ or ;;^jc;<il 
ithaggig, to argue, ecxuse 
one's self, make a pretext. 

pretence, proof^title-deed of 
a property, pi. 7^ l}igcig ; 
V~>y~l i'c*: U ga bi higget 
jusCifna^ he came with the 
pretextof seeing us; 4.*i-( ^i 
;r«i higga, 12th month of 
the lunar calendar. 

s_,lf higdb, see s^:^- 

j\^ haggdr,see ^ 

jl^^Ajg'iJ 5^, Hijaz, Arabia Petrsea; 
jWl-l «Si. (t7r eZ higdz, he 
went on a pilgrimage to 
Mecca. iSj^ higdzt/japper- 
taining to the Hijaz. 

ji,{£- higdma, cupping. 

^^( ■^'^^ ) hagab (jUjgib), to 
hide, cover. >_.^ hag gib, 
to cause to wear an amulet. 
^^iil inhagab, or ._:.<l^I 
it hagab Xo be hidden, cover- 
ed, ^stil ithaggib,to wear 
an amulet. *_'^»c*: mahgAb, 
hidden, covered. _^«:yma/iag'. 
f//6, or ^,J:f mlthag gib, one 
who is wearing an amulet. 
^^ /'ag'6, act of hiding, 
covering. ^l^/ti<7<i6,iimulet. 



pl.K^^ahgiba,OT ^\\^higa. 
bdt ^>-\o- Jidgib, eye-brow, 
pi. wr'j'- fiawdgib ; ^:^W 
hdgib, attendant at tl,e door 
of an officia\,pl.^\^huggdb. 
j^{ ^.) '^Cigar (jihgir), to 
retain, imprison; a-U l^^f 
hagaru 'alih, he was put 
under guardianship, j^ 
haggar^ to be as hard as 
stone, converted to stone. 
jPt^l ithaggar,io be as hard 
as stone, petrified, converted 
to stone, j^i' nil hag gar ^ 
hard as stone, converted to 
stone, j^ hagj^, retention; 
ji-^'l ^5ti-l el hag r es sihhg, 
quarantine, j^ hagar, sione, 
pawn, chessman, bowl of a 
pipe, pi. . jVf higdra; ~^ ^ 
hagar gahannam, nitrate 
of silver;^^^^ hagar naht, 
cut stone; ^li _.^ ha gar- 
dabs, rough stone, rubble; 
jy— i jf hagar dast^r^ 
ashlar, large blocks of stone; 
o^ jf hagar haffdf , 

pumice stone; .^ ^) I6h 
Imgar, slate; a2j\ ^2" liagar 
el ^aqd, voussoir . jo^^f mafi, 
gar^ quarry, pi. j=~< mahd. 
gir. J^ haggdr, stone- 
purveyor, pi, .j\^ liaggdra. 

_,f" higr, lap, knees; j>^i-\ Jc J^ 
walad ^alal higr^ baby in 
arms;i, j'^<<^ ij-i^ ^ iji-^dafial 
^alal 'arusa bihigroh, he 
consummated marriage in 
the natural manner. 

j^ {j^)hagaz(jihgis),io seize, 
reserve, detain, prevent,, 
sequester. _y>til inhagaz^ov 
y^\ ithagaz^ to be seized, 
reserved ,detained,prevented, 
sequestered. J,**^ mahg{iz, 
seized, reserved, detained, 
prevented, sequestered, jir 
hagz, seizure, detention, 
prevention, sequester, pi. 
C^\},^ huguzdt . y>\o-Mgis , 
barrier, enclosure, jjartition, 
pi, >-'js- hawdgiz. 

A^ { ^Jjx.^ ) hagal (jihgil), to 
hop, leap on one leg. JjT 


hagl, act of hopping, leaping 
on one leg. 

*^ hi99<^, see '^ 

j^i'j^,) hadd(jihidd), to li- 
mit, sharpen, jjb- haddid, 
to fix the limits, fix, work 
at blacksmithing. j.i-\ it- 
hadd, to be limited, shar- 
pened. .jJiil ithaddid, to be 
limited _,fixed. aJj^mahdud, 
or iJsi miihaddad, limited, 
fixed; ijjis: jc taman mah- 
ddd, or jA*? jc taman mii- 
haddad, fixed price, a.a^ 
tahdydj act of limiting, 
fixing. Jio- hadd, limit, edge, 
point, boundary, pi. .jj-'^ 

hiidiid: ijjJ-l 


ryjet el hudud, Frontier 
province; ji- if hadd, as far 
as, until ; jTX U jX- lu-l 
istanna li hadd ma jdkul, 
wait until he has eaten ! 
^I^" ^-.1 si- li hadd enta 
kamdn, even you too ! U» ji- 
Zt /iarfrf hena, or lukj^Ji}- 
it haddyt hena, ns far as 

this place. J* hadd, some 
one; U* Jo- (jK' kdnhadd 
hena, has any one been 
here? ?-lj J--*'- ^' wa haddis 
rdh, no one went ; Jii-I j.^* 
ydm el haddj or Jo-V'f y. yf5m 
el ahad, Sunday ; 4.x:«l\\ j*. 
/tadcZ eskCnyna, Palm Sun. 
day. .jlo- McZ, sharp, acute; 
iU 4».i» tab'' oh hdd, he is 
hot tempered ; ^U wV^H ii- 
ij/id6 Md, acute inflamma- 
tion. Si^o- hadyd, iron; jiiji>. 
jf\i hadyd ;^ahr, cast iron ; 
J^ii4 juJa- hadyd masgiil^ 
wrought iron ; jlj-VI jl. j<^ 
hadyd el yd^n, hand-cuffs. 
.OjJo- /)ttd(/rfa, piece of iron, 
pi. ^AJg. fuiddjid;,JiJ^\^^\i\ 
ana "alal hadyda, I am very 
hard up, I am [lenniless ; 
\«) \s,^so-}iadydet na'/,horse 
shoe ; jU^I* Ijojs- hadydet 
tumdr, curry comb. iljb- 
hadddd, blacksmitli, pi. 
ijijljo- haddadyn ; J^ i'jo- 
hadddd na'/.shoeing.smith. 



oiJo hiddda^ blacksmith's 
\^9■hada, near, with (peasants' 
talli.'.; iJ'jb-/ia(id/f,with you^ 
close to you. 

il jio- hadddd, see Jo- 
jJ.\jo-hiddsar, eleven ; ytlJb- 4.JLp 
'en^h hiddsar, or ^Ijl^ ^* 
huwa hiddsar, he is blind, 
he has weak eyes. 

*d>-*=- hidddja, kite, pi. (i.>'Ji* 
hadddy^ov c-l|ji£>- hiddajdt. 

'^-''^(OJ^) haddit, to speak, 
talk, o'oil ithaddit, to talk, 
jui-ii*- hadyt, speech, con- 
versation, talk. ^T^Jio- tod- 
dAta, fable,story, pi. z^i^\y 
hawadyt. ^jl*; mahdat, 
conversation, j I' jiii muhad- 
ditdty, story-teller, pi, 
o"b"JL«: muhadditatyja, 

c<Jo-(vijJt^ ) hadas ( jihdas ), to 
happen, occur. d-jJ;" kudtls, 
occurrence. vi^iU Iiddis, 
epidemic. At iWMdsa, event, 
incident, pl.Cji\j>- Iiawddis. 
^j^ muhdas, upstart, pa /•- 

venu. ±,iJo- hadys, tradi- 
tions of Mohamed. 
jj3- .jAsil { jjk<i ) inhadar (jin- 
hidir)^ to descend, glide 
down, jji- munhadir, 
sloping,slope. jl tn/iiddr, 
slope, inclination. 

'-^•^'>- {^^) hadaf(jihdif), to 
throw away. ^Jb- Iiaddif, 
to throw one thing after 
another. ^JJl^I inhadaf, or 
^.\.il ithadaf, io be thrown 
away. >_jjA»i mahduf, 
thrown; ^jAsic^j &^f mah- 
d{if, an out-of-the-way 
house. ^Js- hadf,ov^i^.i- 
tahdyf, act of throwing. « J*- 
hadfa, a throw, pi. o^Ja- 

JJL>( jjirf ) haddaq^ to eat salt 
food (herring, cheese, etc. ). 
jiA^ tahdyq, act of eating 
salt food. j.>UM(;/(g, salt, sal. 
iy .K,} jjo-huduqyja^ saltness. 

^S:>-hidiq, intelligent, shar^i- 

*j 5 Juv had da ta, see cjJ^o- 


*Jjjb- huduqyja, see JJI*- 
tjjo-hidwa^ see c5J#- 
iiJo.((ij^) /;a(Zrt (ji/idy), to 
shoe, (iJ^I inhada, or vi-X*! 
ithada, to be shod, ja*^ 
mahdy^ shod. i^jo. hidwa, 
horse s\\<x,pl.Si' -yif-fy^ddwy, 

j^i jj>- hadyt^ see Oju»- 

o.J^'^ hadys, see jj Jo- 
j^iSs-hadyd, see Jo- 
jaj-(jjltf') hassar, to warn, 
caution, guess. j-vil ithaz- 
zar^ to be warned, on one's 
guards guessed. ji»- hazar^ 
caution, care, heed, j^ii 
tahzyr, act of warning, 
guessing. »jjj.»" hazzAra, 
guess, riddle, enigma, pi. 
j^i\j>- liawazyr\ or ^1 jjJu- 
oJ*(>J-Jt4 ) M-a/' (jihzif )^ to 
remove, cut off, suppress. 
^li.\ inhcizaf, or oiil 
ithazaf^ to be removed, 
cut off, suppressed. ^iX< 
mahzdf, removed, cut off, 
suppressed, vjj*. hazf, act 

of cutting off, removal, 
J*- ( j^) harr (jihirr ),ot j-^ 
harhar, to be hot. /j^ 
harrar, to set free, set at 
liberty, write a letter, jjil 
itharrar, to be set free, set 
at liberty, written, jj^ 
mitharrar^ set free, set at 
liberty, written. j>- harr, 
hot (^ weather ); j* L; J' ed 
dinja harr, the weather is 
hot. Xji- tahryr, act of 
setting free, setting at liber- 
ty, writing ; j,/. tahryr, 
letter, /)i. C^j^/- tahryrdt-, 
^^j'.j2\\)qalam et tahryrdt, 
correspondence office.^ j-^^-i 
tahryrgy* writer, letter- 
writer, p^. a.»>.^.^ tahryr— 
9 yja, jjitmiiharrir , editor of 
a [laper, pl.ji.jj< muharri^ 
ryn. j\o~ hdr, hot ; jU ^ij 
s^t hdr, linseed oil, hemp 
oil;.jU ^L. mabdlig hdrra, 
hearts of money. j\*j>- har- 
rdn, one who is hot, pi. 



(jk!\j>' harranyn. ,j\j>-ha- 
rdra^ heat^ warmth; i^\j^» 
»j\J~\ mysdn el hardra, 
thermometer, aj j>- fyurryja, 
freedom, liberty. 'j>- hurr^ 
free, independent, pi. j\j>-\ 
ahrdr-y j>. J^ij rdgil hurr, 
an honourable man; j>- ^».> 
dahab hurr, pure gold;^j». 
j^j^VI ^a^b ei ahrdr, the 
liberal party. 

Ol^/iarrdi, and Jlj:^ hirdty^ 
see Oj»- 

£lj9- hardg, see r-j^^ 

o'j=^ hardra^ see ^ 

^_^l J" harrds, see ^_^j>- 

*''j^^j^^^5'0t, see Jj»- 
^^fhirdm, blanket, plaid, pZ. 
A,4_^l ahrima, or o^«ljjs- 
f\j»-hardm, and (_j'lj>' hardmy, 

see f jP- 
^Ij^ harrdn, see ^^ 
w.j»- ( vj*: ) harah ( jihrib ), to 
attempt, do one's best ; ^j»- 
.jii-l U jX- wI:5j\ W harab 
^alal kitdb lihadd ma aba- 

doh, he did his best until he 
obtained the book. ^jU 
Mrib,to fight. ^j\^\ithdrib, 
to fight one another. s_.j»- 
harb,ov*ijW muharba,\vaj\ 
fight, campaign, pi. ■^}y 
hurub, or ^\jjlsi muharbdt. 
aj^^s- harba, lance, spear, pi. 
s_jj9- hurab, or^l_^ harbdt_ 
t^_,»/iar6(/,military; ^^;^^Vii 
mrt^'ifs to7'6f/,court.martial; 
\jj-\j^y_:>dywdn el harbyjct. 
War Office; o>l a-jjAI eZ 
madrasa el fiarbyja^ the 
military school. 

M\,_^hirbdja, chameleon, pi. 

0^p-( C<j*^ ) harat ( jihrit) to 
plough. o_ysil inharat, or 
Oj=^li^/iara^, to be ploughed. 
Ojjs: mahrM, ploughed. 
Cifhart, act of ploughing. 
Olj- harrdt, one who 
ploughs,joZ.;:ivi"lj»- harratyn. 
Jljp. /ijrdff/, vegetables, etc. 
cultivated on ploughed land. 
wljrf raihrdt, plough,, pi. 



sijjlss maharyt. 
TT J*- ( r'A ) bO'^t^C'^g, to forbid; 
JJl r-Jj^l ^ic r-j^ harrag 
''alih elliuriig bit lilfiv^^ 
JjUl J-^j^ \» *jU harrag 
^aUh ma jubrugs bil Ul,he 
forbade him going out at 
night, ^ji. tahryg^ act 
of forbidding, ^-j^ harag^ 

rf ,J>'^c U ma 


''aUhs harag ^ you are not to 

blame, i'j. ^^ y hardg 

masdd, auctioneer's cry; 

i\y r^j>- sAjl inbd'' liardg 

mazdd,[t was sold by public 


- p- ( ^rA ^ h<^i^9im, to hover 
round, attempt;^l:.\)\ Jc f-^ 
fiargim "alal kitdb, he 
endeavoured to obtain the 
book. A?-j9- hargima, act of 
hovering round. 

ijf-[^iji-)harad {Jihrid ),t(j go 
in an oblique direction, i^ 
hard, act of going in an ob- 
lique direction. o>- harda, 
oblique direction^ oblique 

line_,pZ. Zt\ij>- harddt. 

jj-hir^, keepsake, amulet. 

o'J^ ( wj^ ) haras ( juhrus ), to 
watch over, guard. ^j^\ 
inharas, or^^\iiIiaras,io 
be watched over, guarded. 
^J.>'\ihtaras, to be on one's 
guord. ^j\i>- hdris, foreman 
in a bath, /)i. j<-jU harsyn. 
^i/- mahrCis, watched 
over, guarded, son, child, 
pl- C^-'ij^ mahrusyn; ifj\ 
o<''ij^\ izzaj el mahrusyn, 
how arc your children"? 
*.^i_^\ el mahrusa, Cairo. 
^j>- haras, guard, escort. 
j_^ljUI i/t<jr(:is, watch, care. 

o'J*{ ^j-'j^. ) harras, to excite or 
stimulate the stomach. JLi^ 
tahrys, act of exciting or 
stimulating the stomach. 

j-jf-hi'^s, or J.\'y harrds, a 
kind of melon, unripe melon, 
sg. K^y hirscc^ or *J.\y. 
harrdsa, pi. ob^*- hi r kit. 

wy^wY) harras, or ^y,^\ 





to be careful or cautious; 
waUxd, take care of the boy I 

d' <yjr 

harras minel 

^arabyja, beware of the 
carriage I ^.^^ tahrys, or 
^JO^ hirs, or j_y.lji'l istih- 
rds, carefulness^ cautious- 
ness. ^Ja.lJ>■ harys, careful, 
cautious,^,f harysyn. 
Oj»-( oj< ) haraf ( jihrif ), to 
turn from. ^'j>- harraf, to 
incline, transpose (letters or 
words). ,_»jsil inharaf, or 
oj^l itharaf, to deviate, be 
turned from, oj^ munha- 
rif, deviating from, askew; 
*iji-' ,Jh.-j qantara munha- 
ri/'a,skew bridge;^ I jU ^jif 
munharif elmazdg, indis- 
posed, out of sorts. xJ\ji-\ 
m/iir(t/',actof turning from, 
deviation; ^IjU ^\jii\ inhi- 
rdfel mazdg^ indisposition. 
Oj>. harf, end, extremity , 
edge, letter, press-type, pi. 
^Jij'-hurCif. y-Ai'j" hO'rryf, 

conno isseu r ,/) i. iJuj^harr yfa. 

iiy-hirfa, profession, trade, pZ. 
^j>- hiraf; «_,»- ^>U sdhib 
hirfa, artisan. 

Jj-C ^A) haraq (jihraq)^ to 
burn, be painful, smart; \1 
f-^i-' ^s*J'' to7wm« haraqny 
el gA\ when I felt the pangs 
of hunger; i j^p- haraq 
lohum, he swore at them, 
he reprimanded them, ^'j^ 
harraq,io be too low (water 
level in a river, canal, etc. ). 
Jjjil inharaq, or j^^l 
itharaq^ to be burnt, j^^ 
mahruq, burnt; Jj^jf aJj 
qalboh mahrdq^ he has 
suffered much, jjs- Aarg, act 
of burning; jj»- /«arg,burnt 
place, pi. jjj.- htirCiq. ji^*- 
haryq^ burning,combustion, 
conflagration; j,_ji.| ^1^, 
mawdd el haryq,fue\. *iijf 
haryqa^ fire, conflagration, 
pl. ji^j'- fiardjiq, or olS'j?- 
haryqdt; JjIjp- hardjiq, 
fire- works, bonfire. Jt>»-I 




ihtirdq, combustion, *»l^ 
hirrdqa, blister, pi. ju^j^ 
harartjq,ov oUlj" hirrct- 
qdt. j'yH muharraq, hard 
up, penniless. *»_,>• hai'qa, 
pain, feeling. ,}[j^tahciryq^ 
low water levels etiage, 

i]j>- ( iJj< ) harak (juhruk), to 
stir, moye. i^'y harrak,io 
cause to stir, move, il j^l 
itharrak, to be stirred, 
moved. iJ^i* mutharrik, 
stirred, moved; il^*-* c5^^ 
kubrij mutharrik^ swing 
bridge, d). ^^ tahryk^ act of 
stirring.moving. j<r^»AaraA;a, 
motion, stir, movement, 
mincing, voluptuous coquet- 
ry, pi. zJ^j- harakdt; >_i.ii- 
^^\ bO'fyf el haraka, 
nimble, quick, smart; ifi 
J.} >_il\ '^f dy haraket alf 
qirs,'\i'\s!x matter of 1000 
piastres. iS _,»■ »^/' mara 
/iir^a, winsome woman,flirt. 

,jf^{J.^'^) harkis, to agitate, 
excite. ^J^^i■\ itharkU, io be 

agitated, excited. ii-'T^ har- 
kisa, agitation, excitement. 
tj>- ( ^ji£ ) haram (Jihrim ), to 
deprive, forbid one, disin- 
herit, excommunicate, f '_,>- 
harram, to forbid, prohibit; 
^m\j a'j>- ha r ram jiVab, or 
^Jl .j>. harram ellib,he 
gave up play; ^^^^ 'Jc (>>- 
harram 'alayja el kaldm, 
he forbade me to speak, ^^i I 
inharam^ or *jil It ha ram, 
to be deprived, forbidden, 
disinlierited, excommuni- 
cated. *>^1 ihtaram, to 
honour, respect, venerate. 
^j^\ istahram, to consider 
unlawful, c^jsi mahrCim, 
deprived, forbidden, disin- 
herited, excommunicated. 
fj^ miihtaram, respected, 
venerated, venerable. f:jC 
tahrym, aci of forbidding, 
prohibiting. ^j>- /i/rm, ana- 
thema, excommunication. 
i^\.j»~hirmdn, deprivation, 
disinheritance, anathema. 



excommunication^/)^, w\j\*_^ 
hirmandt. <j^haryTn,\\\ie, 
lady, family, pi. -zMj- hary. 
mdt, jijp. harymy, apper- 
taining to ladies; j.y- a-.j?- 
gazma harymy, ladies' 
shoe. ciiUj'- haramlik, or 
f_j>- harym, ladies' apart- 




wrong, sin; 'Jcflj*- hardm 
'alayja,\t would be a sin for 

f'^ 6;' 

ibn hardm. 

illegitimate son, scoundrel, 
i-ascaljpi. ^\^:^ i^,\ awldd 
hardm; ^Jx^■\ lj9j«i f'j^l -^V.)! 
awldd el hardm ji^rafu 
ba\l, set a thief to catch a 
thief! ^.1^:- hardmy, thief, 
pi, L^j^ haramyja; ^yl» 
A..l^| fan As el haramyja, 
bull's eye lantern. \>j>- hur- 
ma, woman, old woman; 
*.:*j>- harm itoh^ his wife. 
a\J.^\ ihtirdm , respect, ve- 
neration, pZ. c>\»\J>-\ ihtira. 
mdt; iJ^V JUljt;-! ^Ji; qad- 
dim ihtiramdtyli abAk^ 



give my respects to your 
father ! (.^,1 le^ia ram, sacred 
shrine of Mecca ; o.^j^l ^l 
haram^n, Meccs and Medina. 
*jsJ muharram, the first 
month of the lunar calendar. 
harmala, pelerine J ladies' 
or officers' cloak. 
( Uj4 ) haran (juhrun J, to 
be restive, vicious (horse). 
oij~ /'o Vim, restive, vicious. 
. iS'j<^ <S_,^. ) taharra (jit- 
harra )^ ov (S'J^\ itharra, 
to inquire into, investigate; 
(ij aIQI ^c- c^^j<\ itharrit 
''an el masdla dy^ I have 
inquired into this case. <^^ 
taharry, inquiry, investi- 
gation,pi.v:,'."j^ taharryjdt. 
haryr, silk. jAy- hardjir^ 
silk materials. 
harys, see ^_^J». 
harry f^ sec o^*- 
haryq, see ^j- 
harym, see fj>- 
hiirryja, see j>- 
( j4 ) haxz (jihizi)^ to cut^ 




notch, make incisions; J^l. 
^jli jsi jl(J\ t{d en nahdr 
jihisz filus, he is making 
money the whole day. ,j>. 
hazsOi, a cut, a notch, an 
incision, pi. C>\y>-fui2xdt, 

f\y- hizdm , see ^j>- 

^j>- hazh^ party, pi. yj^j>-\ahzdh. 
wj,** muthazsib, partisan, 
fanatic, strongly attached 
to an opinion, pi, Cf^/if 

Jj^i 3j^. ) ^«-«9 (jih^aq), to 
press, put in a corner; •iX^^S 
*iy>- ed dihk hazaqoh, he 
was pressed with laughter; 
y^U\ j» ijijp- hazaqny ""and 
elbdb, he caught me at the 
door. j'j^/ia-T^a^,to tighten, 
jj-il m/ia jag, or jj<l it/icc- 
zaq, to be pressed, put in 
a corner. j*^l ithazzaq, to 
be tightened. J j_)»: mahzCiq, 
pressed, put in a corner; 
JiiW Jft j,j^ ^i tamally 
mahzCiq \ila es kigl, he is 
always in a hurry to finish 

his work, he is always 
pressed with work. J'yi 
muhazzaq, tightened. Jyi- 
/ia.3'g',act of pressing, putting 
in a corner, jijf- lahzyq,act 
of tightening. Jj^ mahzaq, 
f j*- ( fj^ ^ hazam {jihzim), to 
tie or bind together, make a 
bundle. »J9- hazzim, to tie, 
girdle. ^_)ii inha zam, or a _^\ 
ithazam, to be tied. *jil 
i7/!a^^im,tobetied, girdled. 
Afysi mahzCtm, tied, made a 
bundle. *j,*f ma/ia^^im,tied, 
girdled. »j». hazm, or ^^ 
tahzym, act of tying, 
girdling.*^ j>- /i(>ma, parcel., 
bundle, pi. ^y>- hizam. «lj»- 
hizdm, belt, sash, pi. Z>\*\y>- 
hizamdt, or <»y>-\ ahziniA. 
^■j< mahzam, apron, pi. ^ jU 
mahdzim. * jW hdzim,fivm, 


resolute; {f\)\ ^ jU hdzim er 
rdj , a man of sound judg- 
Cij-{o^.) f}i'Sin {jif}'S(tn), to 



grieve, be sad or sorry, be 
in mourning ;i.Sc sliy- hi zint 
"^aUh, I was sorry for him. 
^'y- hazsin^ to cause to 
grieve, cause to be sad or 
sorry. Cjy- hizn or husn, 
grief, sadness, sorrow, 
mourning, pi. jlj*-! ahzdn. 
^y-hasyn, grieved, sad, 
sorry, one who is in mourn- 
ing. ji\y>- hasdjny, apper. 
taining to mourning. 
' ( cr*: ) ^^'^^^ (J J hiss), to feel; 
ciii- Jc ^j^ hiss ^ala lahmak^ 
you should be ashamed of 
yourself! ^I^i-lj ^/-^ ^l tom- 
mahassu bilfiardmy, when 
they became aware that 
there was a thief(in the house, 
etc.);^l>s- ^ qalby hassiny, 
I had a presentiment. ,j— .»- 
hassis, to grope, feel ( with 
the hand,etc.);4JLi.l\ J^^«j(i^ciU 
mdsy Jifiassis fil dalma,he 
goes groping in the darknsss. 
jj-i"! istahass, to detect, 
become aware of.^^^*i .^l^^j 

kaldm mahsAs, arriere- 
pensee, double-entendre , 
^-^ ia/'sf/s,act of groping, 
feeling (with the hand, etc. ). 
Ajl^/i {"ssf/ya, sensibility ,feel- 
ii^g- u-^i'- hciwds, senses 
( the five). ^L^ hdssds, or 
^>-/h'ss, voice, sound; dX^>- «ll. 
talla'' hissak, or di-»- Jc 
'^aliy hissak^ raise your 
voice! A^>- jl«i jpj za^^aq hi 
\d{i hissoh, he shouted at 
the top of his voice; U J^t 
LiJi J (±i-.^ t/il ma hissak 
fil dinja, so long as you 
are alive; d\-.«T ._^^;l ana 
tayjib bi hissak^ thanks to 
you that I am living. 

,^\^^hisdb, see ^-^ 
j_^Lj.- Iiassds, see jj»3- 

^-^(^_,-.4) hasah (jihsib), to 
calculate, reckon; dJl.-.4lil 
l:» JL. ana bahsibak mas 
hena,\ thought you were not 
here;lj5^*ils^-.9-U7is/6 innoh 
keda, grant that it is so ! 


^^■ji^^^^^hasab loh g i rsen , 
he paid him at the rate of 
two piastres. ^1^ hassib, 
to think; C>\»\»y)^^>- hassib 
abiiha mdt, he thought 
her father died. ^-.ji I inha- 
sab, or ^«^l ithasab, to be 
calculated, ^-U hdsib, to 
make account with, take 
heed, take care; J^l Jc ^-U 
hdsib 'alal walad, care 
of the boy! Oj»\\ ^^* ^-U 
hdsib min el ''arabyja^ 
beware of the carriage 1 
^)-^ maksfib, calculated; 
s->yji mahsdb, proUg6^ 
pi. ^.-l»2 maliasyb. v_,L>- 
hisdb, account, calculation, 
arithmetic, salary, bill ( of a 
trader, etc.), pi. v1>ILp- hisa. 
bdt;Aj\^^^.^?.\ihsib hisdboh, 
take him into consideration! 
wV->- ji^U Jp-lj rdgil ma ids 
hisdb, a man of no conse- 
quence; '«.A-.*7 ^y^\i>- ^» huwa 
lidlU bl hisdboh ^ho received 
what was due to him,his bill 

is settled. oU-*- ^ilT kdtib 
hisabdt, or ^"^J- mahasib- 
gy, accountant, pi. JLiS' 
oIiLp- kutabet hisabdt, or 
*^l»: mahasibgyja. a^>- 
/i£s6a, arithmetical problem, 
account, pZ. ^^». hisab, or 
o\~-^ hisbdt;A.,j l^.^p.hisbet 
birma, a complicated prob- 
lem. i.^\)imuhdsba, accounts, 
comptability; 4.-U1 ^^j^ 
sarf taht el muhdsba, pay- 
ment on account. ^-.i*i muh- 
tisib, inspector of measures 
and weights, pi. u^t"^ 
mtihtisbyn. Cj^r^" fyisbdn, 
surmise, expectation; I. 1^ 
o\^\ j Jl\€^ da ma kans 
filhisbdn, this is an unex- 
pected thing, w-'*- hasab, 
according to, nobility of 
ancestors; w.-^ bihasab, or 
w-.^. Jc'ato Aasa 6, according 
to; ^^*i \i da bihasab, this 
dei)ends. ,_^i-o- hasyb, man 
of noble birth, ^.mj- ^y\^ 
mag lis hasby, Moslem 




Probate Court. 

Ju-j- (JL-.4 ) hasad ( jihsid ), to 
envy. Ji-^l m/iasad^ or A^f^l 
itliasad, to be envied, i^-,*: 
mahsCid, envied. x.^hasad, 
envy. 3^-?- hasAd, or (^i_^>- 
hasCidy, envious, envier, pi. 

j^y . j^^i.\ (^«i. ) ithassar, to 
regret. ,^«s- hasra^ regret ; 
»^«>-\j ya hasra^ what a 
pityl alas 1 (women's talk). 

j^l»-(^^.<:) hassin, to improve, 
ameliorate, embellish, praise. 
^^i\ithass In, to be improv- 
c>».-.<l tij^fiVleZ atmdn ithas- 
sinet, the prices have risen. 
^~M:>-\ahsan, to give alms, do 
good; ZA^f\ ahsant, well 
done 1 ^^''\ istahsin, to 
approve of,\ike.^^tahsyn, 
improvement, amelioration, 
embellishment. ,-,-j^ /lasn. 

beauty; j.^i.1^ tab'' el husn. 

dimple. it:,«^ j^sana, charity, 
good action, mole, pi. oV-.^ 

hasawX t . ^\^9-\ ihsdn , char ity , 
bounty, favour, pi. vl*\;l-»-l 
ihsandi. ^^-o-! ahsan, more 
beautiful, better, all the 
better; j,U \» J!i ^.^\ahsan 
illy ma gds, I am glad he 
has not come; dJ) j-^l ahsan 
lak, all the better for you ; 
^yjA ahsan ,0V j.^'^lahsan , 
because, lest that; U*^*j.-p-V 
lahsan huwa hena, because 
he is here I U cjl-^ ,'t-^V 

jlO^A) lahsan ba^din ma 
jildqyks, lest he shall not 
find you. a..!-^! ahsanyja, 
superiority, preference, j-*^ 
mahdsin, charms. ^\^<''\ 
isf i/is<ln,approval,applause. 
j^»: muhsin, charitable, 
benefactor, pi, ^^..^y—.* 

iy^->.hasdd^ see jl->- 

i]y^ ( jJ^-*: ) hasvoik, to potter 
about, fumble, i^-s-ztosto i/f a, 
act of pottering about, 

Ay^f^usdm, bad days, name of 



an unhealthy wind. 

^u-». fyxsyh, see ^-»» 

^jA..^ hasys , and ^_>. hissyja, 
see ^j.*- 
jL>-(Ji4) ^«ss (jihiss), to cut 
grass, eat grass.JLil m toss, 
01' ^JJ.^U7/las6•,to be cut. JLl?- 
hassis, to cut or eat grass, 
be intoxicated with ho>sys. 
j^^^ mahsCis, cut.JL?- hass, 
act of cutting or eating 
grass. jL»,±i tahsys, act of 
smoking or state of being 
intoxicated with hasys.J.xL,^ 
hasys, grass, weed,herb,in_ 
toxicating extract of hemp, 
hasys; ^ui?- ^/~{ y» huwa 
j'israb hasys, he smoiies 
hasys; Jui»- ;^ qahwet 
ha&ys, coffee-shop where 
hasys is smolvcd.-cLi*: mah- 
sasa, hasys-den, pi. vl*\i.i>: 
mahkisdt, j'\l>- hassds, one 
who smokes /laiys, pi.A-ili^ 
ha§sdki, or j\i.\.i.». haSscisyn. 
j5li^ hakikylj[)CO[>\Q of the lowest 

^L». ( jJL< ) hasar ( juhsur ), to 
put between, insert. ^^1 
inhasar, or ^!Lil ithasar^ to 
be put between, inserted; U 
jflj j-/-^ Tna tinhisirs 
wayjdhum, do not mix or 
interfere with tliemi ^1^.^4 
(3- JS^J jihibb jinhisir fy 
hull si, he likes to have a 
finger in every pie. j^is^ma/i. 
siXi\ put between. ^^ hasr, 
act of putting between. 

jiis- ( .cj^ ) hccssim, to be respect, 
ful. 4ir^ hisma, respect, 
reverence, modesty;*.-^'' ,i^ 
sitt hisma, a respectable 

J^{ or< ) ^*'« iJif^'sy), to stuff; 
oji;J\ ^_jl>. /lasa ei bundu- 
qyja, he loaded the gun.^^i»- 
hassa, to stuff one thing after 
the other, write between the 
words of the lines. ^J.i.\ 
inhasa^ov ^jJi.\ ithasa,to be 
stuffed. ^^ mahsy, stuffed; 
^^ mahsy, stuffed vegetab- 
les, ag. Ajirf maliiyja, pi 





sl(Litf mahsyjdt. ^Jlp- hasy, 
act of stuffing. ^±j>- ham, 
stuffing^ panel;, rectangular 
portion between the rails of 
a door; AJJtJ\ ^i^- hasu el 
bunduqyja, projectile of a 
gun. Ai^l; ^.Isi tahsyja bil 
hdsja, marginal note, post- 
scriptum, /»i. <^l^?- hatodsy. 

J:tip- hasys, see J:»- 

3U9- husdd and hassdd^ see A-a?- 

jlaa- hisdr, see ^a- 

aIIa*- hussdla, see J-^*- 

^Li>.^asdn, horse^/)^. -».;-a>-l a/i- 
sma, or Jji- ^(^i, or J^ 
hujM. JIj- hO'yjdl^ horse- 
man, p^. JU- bayjdla. 
ifyi^i*- hasdwy, see »^^»- 

^i>.(^^ ) tossab, to have the 
measles. 4.09- tos6a,measles. 
Jt-a>-( Jun$ ) Iiasad (Juhsud ), to 
mow, reap. il^> husdd, 
harvest . iV at- hassdd, mower, 
reaper, pi. ijaK^^hassadyn. 
■{j.A< )hasar (juhsur), to 
encompass^besiege; i^iW 

hasar essubha,he suspected. 
j.<2.i-\ inhasar^ or j^<\ itha- 
sar; to be encompassed, 
besieged, j^^iz mahs{lr, 
encompassed, besieged. j.m»- 
hcispj act of encompassing, 
besiegingj^^ll ^\j:f\ashdb 
bil hasr, fast friends, bosom 
friends, chums. jLa>. hisdr 
fj^op- htisrum^unripe grapes, sour 
grapes, sg. -u^^>. husruma , 

pi. oU 


{Sy^^ husary^ see ;^-as- 

J-i9-( J^si) tosaZ (jihsal)^ to 
happen, occur, take place; 
4jI J^;^ hasal 4, what has 
happened? what is the mat- 
ter? ajI ^^> J^9- hasal minny 
i, what have I done? what 
wrong have I done? UJS^ 
J^j J-aj- /caZi ma /lasaZ 
wasal, small contributions 
thankfully received. J ^»-Aas. 
saZ, to reach, collect, obtain; 
J#'l J^i;- liassal bil 'agal, be 
quick! J-i^l ii/iassaZ,orJ-**-| 



istahsal, to obtain^ procure. 
ijy-a*- hus{il^hap[)enmg, oc- 
currence^ realisation. J-oU 
hdsil, happenings taking 
place; J-^U hdsil^ result, 
product, store, prison-cell, 
pl_ J-«»l^»- hawdsil. J~-ai tah- 
syl^ act of reaching, obtain- 
ing, collecting, ^j^^i- tah- 
^ylgy^o^ j\J^^^i- tahsylddr , 
debt_collector, pi. k.>L^ 
tahsylgyja, or juj\j^^ 
tahsyldaryja ,}y.a.^ mahsAl^ 
yield, crop, pi. z^'^y^ii. 
mahsuldt, or ^y.^\<maha.-iyl. 
ijlap- hiissdla, money-box, 
stomach of a bird, /)i.wVLa>- 
j^LLfl^ hasalbdn, rosemary. 
j-is-( -^4 ) tefsan, to fortify. 
^.^i-\ithas>ian,Xo be fortified. 
^ui.'f muhassan, fortified. 
^,/t^ him, fortress, pi. Ciy^*- 
hudin. c^i- talv^yn, fortifi- 
cation, pi. oUuai tahsyndt. 
4^»- hissa, portion, share, space 
of time, pi. ,j*-»»- hisci-'i. 

J^.a>- hiisAl, see J.aj>- 

,^>. haswa, small pebble, gravel, 
pi, ^A-aa- hasa;^ '»ya»-haswet 
malh, a lump of salt. iSy^- 
haswa, town in Arabia. 
(^jUa>- /ias(Jtoj/,appertaining 
to haswa. 

•^.Ax hasyra, grass mat, pi. ^>- 

hasyra, he lost every thing, 
he lost all his fortune; Jii ^ 

hasyrtak midd riglak, you. 
must stoop if you have a low 
door! »j*^i-l j^ ^ '->7~*:i 
bijusrufmin tahtel hasy- 
ra, he has private means. 
ifj-ji*- husary, mat-maker, 
pi. iij.^p-husaryja. 
j^>. (^i<: ) h'ulir (jiMar),io be 
present, ready. jJ^y haddar, 
to bring, prepare, j^\ it- 
haddar, to be prepared.^,.^1 
istahdar, to bring, prepare, 
procure, ^-i^ taMyr, act of 
causing to be present, pre- 
paration.^U/Wrfir, present, 

ready; j^\^\ z^)\ jfilwaqt 
el hddir^ at present, now; 
(^A.-ly^U hddirja sydy, 
very good, Sir! all right, 
Sir! jyky-hiuUir^ presence. 
liadritakj Your Highness, 
your honour; Aj^.Jttl »^ii-l 
el hadra el Ij id^wyja^ H. H, 
the Khedive.tS Jb"^i?- hadrat. 
lary^ address of a Pasha 
holding the rank of Rumely 
heklerhi or a musyr. jU^I 
istihddr, preparation, act of 
causing to be present, ^.i*: 
mahdar^ society, rejDOrt, 
minutes of proceedings, pro. 
c^s-verhal, pi, ^\< malid-. 
dir; ,_i.kl .^.i*: mahdaroh 
latyf, he is a pleasant com- 
panion. ^i:mf<7«r/jr, process- 
server, Aaissier, p^. CjLj^ii 
muhdif'yn. j^-^^ hadyr^haW^ 
unroofed room. 
jya»- ( ^^ ) hadan (juMun), to 
embrace, hug. ^■^■i'-\ inha- 
dcin, or j.^\ ithadan, to be 


embraced, hugged, c^^^i- 
maM^m,embraced, hugged. 
^Jif-hadn, act of embracing, 
hug, bosom, pl.j\ji^\ahddn; 
jJiil ,ji~\ aljadoh hilhudn, 
he embraced him, he re- 
ceived him with open arms. 

jjJis- hudAr^ see j^>- 
^^ . (^li"! ( ^^'^^ ) istalyia, to 
have as a concubine. kJ^ 
maMyjO', concubine, pi. 
^\^ mahddy, 

jyi»'hadyr, see^Jip- 

ias- ( iaȣ ) hatt (Jtlhu tt ), tO put, 

place ; ,j^^\ Jc k>-jyi^\ el 
^asfUr hatt 'ato el sagara, 
the bird alighted on the tree; 
J>\i\\^:^ hattaha wdty^ he 
humbled himself, he humi- 
liated himself; Jc ix^ias-hatt 
^dnoh ^ala^ he coveted; LL?- 
^M^ haft^na el filAs, we 
paid the money ; Jas- li J<»-IJI 
er rdgil da hatt^ this man 
has become very weak. Jalt^ 
haitat, io cause to put or place. 




J»;il inhatt, or iail ithatt, 
to be put, placed, ^^mah- 
tAt, put, placed. Ja=-/ia((,act 
of putting, placing. kJai 
tahtyt, act of causing to put, 
causing to place. W mahatt, 
alighting place, station; Jas- 
JajJ aJ /;a(^ to/i mahatt^ he 
hinted something against 
him. 4Jass mahafta, railway 
station, joi. oiks? mahattdt. 
*k=- ^J((a, disparagement; 
dii=- J \\a.>- (Si dy hitta fy 
haqqak^ this is disparaging 
to your honour . 4.kjks-to(f/(a, 

( w.k4 ) hattab, to use harsh 
language. ^_Jki tahtyb, act 
of using harsh language. 
,.JL>- hatab, wood for burn- 
ing ; jl'Vj JL^ 4^liV JU 
m<iZ to jdkloh hatab wala 
ndr^ inexhaustible wealth. 
^Ik.- hattdb, wood-seller, 
pi, <i[L>- hatfdba. 
ias-(Ji<i) hasx (jihiss), to 
please. Ji^l inhass, or Jiil 

ithazz, to be pleased. Ji^* 
mahzAz, pleased. Ja»- /w^^, 
or iJi^k*; mahzuzyja, plea, 
sure, delight, enjoyment, 
gaiety, pi. iijlkf huz{iz, or 
oUiijkii mahzuzyj'dt, 
Ji>- ( _,k4 ) hazar (juhzur), to 
prevent, forbid, drive into 
a corner, capture. ^J^Mnha- 
zar^ or _^l it hazar ^ to be 
prevented, forbidden, driven 
into a corner, captured, 
j^kss mahzAr^ prevented, 
forbidden, driven into a 
corner; j^k«£ mahzdr, ob- 
.jection, obstacle, /)^. wlj^k<s 

^;>. ( ^4 ) /ia/f (jihiff), to eat 
too much of one kind of food; 
*.*.s^l J JLi^ U ma tihiffis fil 
lahma, do not eat so much 
meat ( with so little bread ) I 
Uili-\ ithaffif, to pluck out 
one's hair, remove one's 
unnecessary hair. k_i>- haff, 
act of eating too much of one 
thing ( with too little of the 




other ). ^.ii tcihfyf, act of 
plucking out hair, removing 
unnecessary hair. 
Us- hafa, see ;?- 
j\i^ haffdr^ see J^t- 

^J»\tf- hufdd^ see ^Jxi^- 
J:-{ j.^ ) ha far (jtihfur), or 
J. fahar, to dig, excavate, 
engra.\e.jifahhar ^ to make 
one hole after another. jii.\ 
inhafar, or yi\ itfiafar^ to 
be dug, excavated, engraved. 
jjKmahfAr, or j^^ maf- 
hAr^ dug,excavated,engrav. 
ed. jsJ* mufahhar, full of 
holes, JO- hafr^ or j, fahr, 
act of digging, excavation, 
engraving; a^jj J>.p- hafr we 
radm, earth-work. »ji»- 
pi. ji>- hufar^ or j. fuhar. 
jUs- haffdr, or jlJ- fahhdr, 
engrawer , pi. iy.jVp-haffaryn, 
or jijVi fahharyn.j[p-hdfir, 
\ hoof, pi. j^y hawdflr. 

(jiu>-i. ^jii<: ) ha fad or /i//?.rf 
(jihfad)^ to learn one's les- 

son, ^j- haffadj to teach . 
jjAi^l inhafad^ or ^_^il 
ithafad , to be learned, j^^il 
ithaffadet, to wear a sani- 
tary towel (woman j. ^_;fljW 
lidfid^ one who knows his 
lesson, ^j>y^ mahfAdj learn, 
ed. A-ii»: muhaffada, wo- 
man who is wearing a 
sanitary towel. ^i»- hifd, 
act of learning one's lesson. 
ja. ji-tahf yd ^act of teaching. 
^J>\i>- htifdd, woman's sani- 
tary towel, /"Z. oUli»- hufa- 
Jiis-( Jii< ) te/'a^ (jihfaz), to 
keep, learn; *.;j.^l Jii». hafa;^ 
el waraqa, he filed or 
guarded the document. Jii»- 
haffaz, to teach. iaiU hdfiz, 
or ikiil it ha ff as, or iaii^l 
istahfaZj to take care 
of. Uil inhafas, or iiis^l 
ithafaSj to be kept, 
learned. JU^i»s mahfAz^ kept, 
learned; oUi^iss mahfuzdt, 
archives. lii>- ^i/''?, act of 




keeping, learning ; Jkii-I 
*jLJ^ el hifs wit sijdna, 
guard and protection, ikjii- 
tahfys^ act of teaching. Jiii 
<a/ia/f «*',watchfulness,cai'e; 
Jiai'l ^X-\ el habs et tahaf. 
fuzy^ detention pending 
trial. AliiU hAfza, bulletin, 
list,memorandum,i3i. ^llliiU 
hafzdt, or ^1^ hawdfiz. 
*.kis; mdhfaza, portfolio, pZ. 
iiiU maM/?^. JaiU muhdfiz^ 
governor of a city, pi. (j\lii\^ 
muhafzyn. ^»U mundfza, 
gouvernorat, gusnidiansh[[j, 
pi. vjlJaiU muhafzdt, i^>\ 
ja hafyz, dear mel Ct^l^ii^* 
mustafifasyn, municipal 
6^{^.) f}(iM(Jihfaq), or 
^ic 'afaq, to catch, entrap_, 
grasp, jii'-haffaq, to catch 
or entrap one after the other, 
jiil inhafaq, or ^^^\ itha- 
/"ag, to be caught,entrapped, 
grasped, j^ mahfAq, 
caught, cntrapped^grasped. 

jJ*. hafq, or jip 'a/'g^ act of 
catching^entrapping, grasp, 
ing, *ii»- hafqa, or tHe- 
'afqa, a catch, pi. Cj^tur- 

^jip' .^jii^\{jk'^)ihtafal(jihtifil), 
to receive one with pomp, 

celebrate. lUis-l ihtifdl, 

ceremonial , celebration, 
meeting, pomp, pi. oVliVl 
ihtifatdt.j^'iT-hafla, or Ji^ 
maA/'aZ,ceremonial meeting, 
pl. o!Ai»- ha fid t, or J»l«: 
mahdfil; Ji*: mahfal, maso. 
nic lodge, assembly. 

i»i»-(^ Jalisi ) haflat, to arrange or 
adorn carefully, iaiiil if/ia/. 
kU, to be arranged or 
adorned. JJi*? muhaflat, 
carefully arranged or adorn. 
e(ii;)a^if^y-\jrdgil muhaflat, 
or i»^»- hifldt, fop, man 
"dressed up to the nines." 
-ilali^Aa/l!a(a,act of arranging 
or adorning carefully. 

Ci^iy^) hafan (jihfin), to 
take a handful. ^ f}afn, 


act of taking a handful, a.^: 
hifna, a handful, pi. ji-. 
hifan, or (^jli?- hifdn. 

./- ( j«) Wy (JiUa), to be 
barefooted. Ji^- ^a/?'^., to 
cause to be barefooted. Us- 
hafa, barefootedness. JU 
A^/t/, barefoot, unshod, pi. 
.U». /ia/"(i, or (iu»U hafyjyn. 

^ ( ^*: ) /i^g'5' r juhuqq), to 
be right; *fTj ^j^. jahuQQ. 
ly akallimoh, I have the 
right to talk to him; Jt j4y 
ty\Cj)>huwa juhuqq 'ala mdt 
abdh, he was old enough to 
remember his father's death. 
^^i>■ haqqaq, to verify, 
investigate,inquire into, jsil 
ithaqqaq, to be verified, in- 
vestigated, inquired into, 
realized, made sure, j^l 
istahaqq, to deserve,be due 
^»9:ma/iag'gag,sure, verified. 
^}^'mustahaqq, due, deserw. 
ing. jyirf mahqdq, in the 
wrong, faulty, j^i tahqyq, 
verification, investigation. 

inquiry, pl_ oli-ji tahqyqdt; 
i}^^ <j,-»^ giirft/ tahqyq, exa. 
mining judge, y?<5'e d' ins- 
truction. J" haqq^ right,' 
justice, pi. j^s>. huqdq; ^ 
J^itl 'iim elhuq^q, science 
of law; jLl (.^1^ Jy g^ii 
kaldm el haqq, tell the' 
truth! ilCj jll eZ Aagg 
wayjdk, you are right; jll 
S^c el Iiaqq^aUk , you are 
wrong; ^yA^i^^^.minhaqq 
we haqyq, really, truly, 
seriously; ,1 j ^^y di!a>. j:)\S^ 
/fdn haqqak turCih wayjdh, 
you should have gone with 
him; dl5»- J ^_ ^U\ en nds 
bitihky fy haqqak^ people 
are talking against you; j. 
jp-m in haqq or m in haqqa, 
really! truly! by the way! 
jp-l afuxqq, worthier, cj^l 
ahaqqyja, a better right. '^ 
fuiqqa, really, truly, i^^ 
haqqdny, right, just, pi. 
^^^<;li>- haqganyj'yn. AjUi-l ei 
haqqanyja, mixed courts of 



justice; ^Aii-l o'^-i dywdn 
el haqqanyja, Ministry of 
Justice. J.;.l>- hciqyqy^ real, 
true.A.iJp-Ziagf/Q'a, truth, fact; 
ii-i^ haqyqatan, really, 
truly. jUsi'*! istihqdq, due, 
merit, pay, salary, pi. ,i,l;li^l 

jp- huqq, ov i.h~ huqqa, small 
box, pot, casket, pi. jUv! 

sh- ( jtiji ) haqad (Jihqid ), lu 
bear malice. as=- haqd, ma- 
lice, grudge, hatred. ^Si/t^ 
haqddy^ ji^y?- 

y^{ j«<: ) haqqar^ or jS1p-I 
ihtaqar, to despise, disdain. 
jU'.;-! ihtiqdr, despise, jjas- 
haqyr, poor, miserable, 
wretched, of little value. 

vSp- ( j»sc ) kaqan ( jihqin or 
jahqan ), to inject, ^^lil 
inhaqan, or jai\ ilhaqan, 
to be injected, ^^ii*-! ihtaqan, 
to be congested, (jys; ma/^- 
giln, injected, j^muhtaqin, 


congested. ^^«p- tegn, injec- 
tion. ij^7-\ ihtiqdn, conges- 
tion, Aia^ huqna^ syringe, 
clyster, pi, JS:^ huqan ; J^-lj 
Aa> rdg'iZ huqna, a touchy 
man, a man who is hard to 
deal with, 
(ij^ip- haqtxdy, see Ju?- 
jta*- haqyr , see jas- 
4.SJ>. Iiaqyqa, see j^- 
dis- ( dls£ ) /ia/«/e { juhukk \ to 
rub, scratch, dl^ hakhak, 
to rub or scratch repeatedly. 
dlil inhakk^ov ^i-\ ithakk^ 
to be rubbed, scratched. iJ^ 
maAfei</£, rubbed, scratched. 
^ilo- hakk, act of rubbing, 
scratching. J^^hakhaka, 
act of rubbing or scratching 
repeatedly. 4^ hakka, a 
rub, a scratch, the itch, pi. 
d^>-hakkdt. i^^^hakkdk, 
one who polishes precious 
s 1 nos ,p i. jj^TSo- /»« A; /ca fe {/n . 
dXii mahakk^ touch-stone, 
p I. zJ'^^ m a ha kkdt. 
*jSC»- hikdja, see C». 



f^{^) hakar (jihkir), or 
J^f-l ihtakar, to monopolize, 
withold. jSCi».l ihtikdr, mo- 
nopoly, fj^ hikr, rental of 
ground on which a building 
is raised. 

S^ ( ^ ) hcikam ( juhkum ) , 
to judge^ govern, rule; J ^ 
hakam ly,he gave judgment 
in my favour; *Jc <^ hakam 
'alayja, he gave judgment 
against me, he forced me; 
»^.i rij^ ^' $^ f}ttkam ilia 
arinh wayjdh, he insisted 
that I should go with him; 
IjT cS<>- hakamet keda, it 
so happened; «ij'yi a^_ <^ 
juhkum j6m elarha\\i falls 
on a Wednesday; (/jJ S^ 
juhkum qaddy, it is my size, 
it will fit me; a-^' ^ ^ 
hakam ^ala nafsoh, he con. 
trolled himself. C- hakkim, 
to give authority, attend as a 
physician;'ij iS^^hakkimoh 
fyja, he gave liim authority 
over me; a.|j <^ hakkim 


rdjoh, he insisted. 5i»- '(*<^- 
kim, to try by law. y^\ 
ithdkim, to be tried, go to 
law. C^l inhakam, or S^l 
ithakam, to be judged; a^\ 
\^> ^\el qadyja inhakam 
fyha, judgment has been 
given in the case; aJc ^\ 
,j-»i-\. inhakam ^aUh bil 
habSj he was sentenced to 
imprisonment. <J| ithak- 
kim, to have authority, treat 
independently or arbitrarily, 
be treated medically. <!^l 
istahkim, to come right, 
hap23en.^^ma/i/fi(m, ruled, 
judged, sentenced; *ic »f^\ 
el mahkCim ^alih , the con- 
demned ( person). <^ hukm^ 
judgment, sentence, reign, 
pi. (.^1 ahkdm; ^^Vl C^ 
hukm el am r J according to 
order; j^iliU »SC^I ahkdm el 
qanixn, the stipulations of 
the law; ^'^P-VI ,_^ maglis 
el ahkdm, final court of 
appeal. ^^ tahkym, act of 




giving authority^ medical 

treatment. \^ tahakkum, 

authority, arbitration. Mo 
Mkim, ruler, governor, /)Z. 
#\.C- hakkdm; fU hdkim, 
because, for; Jy^ ^* 5i»- 
hdkim hiiwa 'ag'd;r ^because 
he is old. jU^ hukumddr ^ 
commanding officer, com- 
mandant, pi. jij' ax*- /if</i?<m. 
daryn. 4jjijiX>- hukumda- 
ryja, commandant's office, 
4..^C- huk{ima, government, 
state, pi. z\»f-:>- hukumdt. 
4.0 mahkama, court of 
justice, pi. fy< mahdkim; 
aJ >- A^oJ mahkama guzyja, 
court of summary justice; 
4jlji:.l aSC^ mahkama ibti- 
ddyja, or ^-ji J^l l^ 
mahkamet auwil daraga, 
court of first instance; *^ 
ol!i-Vl mahkamet el isty- 
nd/',court of appeal ;,_^ i^ 
^^j}3 mahkamet naqd we 
ihrdm, courtof cassation; 

t^t-ji. iSi^mahkama sar^yja, 
court of Mohamedan law ; 
aJi»I aSC*: mahkama ahlyja, 
native court; Alkil aS^I ei 
mahkama el muhtalita, 
mixed couH.^S'Xi^muhdkma, 
trial. aC- hikma, wisdom, 
medical art. ^^ hakym, 
physician, wise, pi. ^^ 
hukama; ^jj;.p ^^ hakym 
'enin, oculist ; jU-l ^>- ha- 
kym isndn, dentist. vi.U'^oft^l 
istihkamdt, fortifications. 

5- f ^4 ) haka (jihky), or 5^' 
ahka, to speak, say, relate, 
jil inhaka, or ^Mthaka, 
to be spoken, said, related. 
*:<i C*; mahky 'annoh, 
spoken of, mentioned. C»- 
haky, act of speaking,saying, 
relating. Ai^hikdja, story, 
tale, pZ. ol'^ hikajdt. 

^^ hakym , see C- 

Jo-( JO /jaZZ0i/^i7i;, to untie, 

solve, occupy, be allowed; 

*x\ ^' ,Ji^ l-'i da majihillis 

min alia, God will not 



approve of such an injustice, 
tills is a sin ;^J.c■^s>■ hi II ^anny, 
leave me in peace ! Lj \^ 
jihillaha rabbuna,God will 
help, we shall see later on ; 
tL^j,^ \.l Jo- hilliny lamma 
jirga\[i shall be long before 
he comes back. J\»- hallil^ to 
dissolve, analyze, permit, 
allow. Jil inhall^ or ji| 
iihall, to be untied, solved, 
impotent. Jlil ithalUl^ to be 
dissolved, beseach, humble 
one's self. J«^l istahall, to 
consider lawful. Jjljima/iZjtZ, 
untied, loose, dissolved, sol- 
ution, impotent, Jp-/iaZZ, act of 
untying, loosening, solution 
of a problem; Ji-1 1\. mayjet 
el hall,ov jVk^ mayjet ndr^ 
aqua fords. Jii tahlyl^ 
dissolution, analysis, act of 
causing to be lawful. J^U 
haldl, lawful ; ^}%. j,\ ibn 
ha Id I, legitimate ( son ), 
honest; ^^'i^,^halAly ^ I have a 
right to it, it is my due. 


^}o-huUd, arrival of a date. 

J^U=-I ihtildl^ occupation. J*: 
mahall, place, site, pi. Zj'^{^ 
mahalldt;^i:^o-haIl mahall, 
to rei/lace; 4.«^ J d^.'^kald- 
mak fy mahalloh, you said 
the truth, you are not mis- 
taken, I agree with you. 
4.»J mUialla, winding skein, 
pi. vi.^^*: mihalldt. IjS ma- 
hally, local. 
i^>-'j^c,- hildga, see ■i*' . 
jSU^a^Z{tg', see jU 
J^*i>/iaMZ, seejs^ 
ty}-o-lialdtoa.^?>eQ ^o- \ 

^o- ( ^U ) halab (Jihlib) , to | 
milk. _Lil in halab, or ^^1 ; 
ithalab. to be milked, ^^s: 
mahlAb, milked. ..J^- fjuxlb, 
act of milking. ^X^halyb, L 
act of milking, milk. v_,^ 
mihldb, milk.pail, pi. v_^Jl»i 
mahalyb. ^i.-^* mustahlib, 
<l>-hilba, fenugreek, 
i*^ ( ^{it ) ha lag (jihlig), to gin 
cotton. Ai.\ ijihalag, or ;^lil 




ithalag, to be ginned. ^M 
mahlLlg , ginned. ii>-%-hiMgaj 
or p^"^ halyg, act of ginning; 
Ap-^U j^.ij wabur hildga^ 
ginning-factory. r^< mih- 
Idg, carding instrument. 

oi'}j3-halaz6n, well^ spire, pi. 
zXti')^ halasondt. jjj^ 
halasdny, spiral. 
^1=. (wiU) hilif (jihlif), to take 
an oath. ^U hallif, to give 
the oath. _Alil ithallif, to 
be made to take an oath, 
resolve to do evil. ^J^\ 
isiahlif, to resolve to do 
evil.^o- hilf,ov J^i^o-hilfdn, 
treaty, alliance, pi. ^UlU 
\;So-halfa^ rushes, sg. iMe-hal- 
fdja^ pi. vLUiU halfajdt ; 
4.1 \iU 4 Jas- hatt loh halfdja, 
he hinted something against 
him, lie put a spoke in liis 

CjV^hilfdn, sec ^U 
jU( jU) halaq (jihlaq), to 

shave. jL- hallaq, to sur- 
round, bar the way; Jc ^^U 
^.Iji-I hallaq 'alalhardmy, 
stop the thief ! j),iimahlAq, 
shaved, jU- /^ai^, or Ai^U 
hildqa, act of shaving. J%. 
halldq, barber, pi. ^J_^t}^ 
hallaq yn. jJ«- J^\j rdgil 
halyq^ man who shaves his 
beard. aiU halaqa, ring, 
earring, circle, pZ. >l.UU 
halaqdt, or j^Ul»- hulqdn ; 
^ksM ilU hdlaqet el qutn, 
cotton market.4-sUMtog't/y«j 
circle; 4..3U ^..ic 1^;^ darabu 
''aUh ha la qyj a, or Ai.aij>-\y^ 
darabu halaqyjitoh, they 
surrounded him. jU ^a^g, 
throat, pi. jjU AaZtig ; £ 
'Viiio-fatah halqoh 'alayja, 
he sliouted and shrieked at 
me, he overwhelmed me 
with abusive language; jU 
iJLi!\ toZ? es Sibbdk^ outer 
frame of a window. 
*^iU ^ io-lj ) Imlqtim { rdhet ),* 
Turkish delight, fig-paste. 



la- ( U ) hilim (jihMm), to 
dream, have patience; 1:^1 
ihlam "^aUh, give him time! 
U/^^7m^patience, gentleness; 
viU»- jp' iddyny hilmak^ 
please have patience with 
me! Jio. halym, patient, 
gentle, pi. Uo- hulama. 
4.ip. halama, teat, pi. zX-^ hala- 
mdt; ^:,)\ xAg, halamet el 
widn, lobe of the ear. 
Jo- hilu, and Cj\)'c^ hilwdn, and 
Jljlo- halawdny^ see U 
4j«'io-(^^i!!:) halwis, to lick, flat- 
ter. 4.-jl». halwisa, act of 
licking, flattery. 
ojU haUdf,hog,pl.^.]'^.t^halalyf. 
iSJo-huUil, see J»- 
C jU te Wm ;,kind of native cheese. 
yiy.) hily (jihla), to bej 
sweet, jtretty, nice; liB J»- 
cJi)i f>*S^\ i^JZj/ to/f elkaUXm 
dilwaqt^ you like to talk 
now ! Jo- halla^ to sweeten, 
cause to be pretty or nice. 
Jil ithalla,{Q be sweetened, 

pretty, nice. J**! Jsto/iZa,to 
consider sweet, pretty or 
nice. tahlyja, act of 
sweetening,beautifying, em. 
bellishment. »j^U hahXwa, 
sweetness, prettiness, nicety, 
sugar-plums, sweets; ^i^o-^ 
ja haldwct ,\\o\\ nice! how 
pretty! ( women's talk \, \i 
\^i^i>- ja halawitha^ how 
nice she is! (women's talk ); 
,)'j^l\ iSj pX^^^jinhd" ^aj el 
haldwa, it shall be sold in 
no time; .^^^o- j^l»\ JS"! akal 
bi ^aqloh /iaZ4H;a,his senses j 
ha^e gone a wool gathering, 
^ hilu, sweet, pretty, nice, 
handsome; „)p- Z.. mayja 
hilwa, fresh water; _j!u- y*J» 
tyn hilu, alluvial deposit of 
the Nile. Jo-I ahla, sweeter, 
prettier, nicer; j^J\ Ul I. \, 
\ija mahla el hit da, what 
a pretty house this is! ^\),^ 
hilwdn, broker's fee for 
finding a house for hire.Jljli* 
halawdny, or ^J'0-halwagy, 



confectioner^ joi. *Jljl»- hala- 
wanyja, or k.>- ^>-halwag yja . 
afSo- hiUwa^ nice, pretty^ 
elegant, stylish. 
^--U- ha lyb, see ^U- 

^ halyg, see ^ 

^ halyra ^ seeU- 

'.\^- i^amcii, mother-inl-aw. 

j\,'- humdr and hammdj\see y 

J\^ hammdl, see J*- 

^V?- hamdm, pigeons, doves, 
s^. <v.U- hamdma, pi. vi-UU^ 
hamamdt. <vU- hamdma, 
sexual organ in the male. 

f l»- hammdm , and *jlf- hlmdja, 
see ^ 

-l*:^" ( ii_-»< ) hambat^ to be stiff. 
Ai»..i- torn &a(a, stiffness, iaj^ 
muhambat, stiff, hard. 

*.^- {^^)hamham,to be warm; 
c>^ydi- Llj)' ed dinja hamha- 
met,ihe weather has become 
warm. -^.^^ hamhama, 
warmth, heat. 

jjt- ( j^*i ) hamad {Jihmid ), to 
praise, thank; viJl.j Jurl iA- 
mid rabbak thank your 

stars! a** hamd, praise, 
thanks ; ti jj-l eZ hamdu 
lilldh, or JL-J- dijj rabbak 
ham yd, fortunately, thank 
God I 

ji- ( j^ ) hammar, to cause to 
be red, roast; dl.;-^ *^j?- 
hammar loh '^na/c ^threaten 
him! sliow him that you mean 
business! ji-\ ihmarr, to 
blush, be red._^^liitommar, 
to be roasted, j^ mj/imi>r, 
reddish, blushing. ^ mu- 
hammar, roasted. j\^ tah- 
myr, act of roasting. J^-\ 
ahmar,red, fem\ji-hamra, 
pi. jg- humr; j!~')l\ ,1,^1 el 
m6t el a/imar, violent death; 
Iji-I u}«1\a! (Sji loarra loh el 
'^n el hamra, he threatened 
him, he showed him that he 
meant business, .y hum ra^ 
rouge, burnt bricks in pow- 
der ;j«'V I j^^\ jfy ed duhrel 
ahmar, in midday^ in broad 

j^ . j^\ ( j^.) istahmar, to 


consider ignorant or stupid. 
j\,?- humdr, donkey^ pi. j^?- 
himyr; ,j\^ Ji-.> aI U:^- 
sikitna loh da/jal bi humd. 
roh, we gave him an inch 
and he took an ell; vJ^ jl?- 
humdr lukdf, donkey for 
burden. j\i~ hammdr, don- 
key-boy ,/3Z.*jIj^ hammdra, 
or jtjl<"' hammaryn; jlf 
j\f humdr hammdr, or j{i- 
^^ humdr sikka, donkey 
for hire; jli-1 ,sj J^^-i ^» 
huwa Jistagal zaj el ham- 
mdr, he works like a horse. 
t^ji- hamrana, ignorance _, 

jjf- ( Jj»<) hamraq{jihamraq), 
to disappoint, play one false. 
A»j^ hamraqa, disappoint- 
ment, act of playing one false. 

fjcf { (>>.♦<: ) hammas, to roast 
seeds. (_ya»^l ithammat^,io be 
roasted, ^jo.f' muhammas, 
roasted. ^^A^^i tahmys, act 
of roasting, tjojf hummus, 
roasted peas, sg, ^.^jf hum- 

musa^pl, zXa.?- hummusdt; 
*«ai-/if<mmi/sa, cautery., j^ 
*;^ii^ hahXwa hummusyja^ 
candy made with roasted- 
peas.*.^j^ma/imasa, roasting 
machine, shop where peas 
are roasted, pi. ^Ja.^\^ 
^JAi' ( fja^< ) himid (jihmad)^ to 
be sour. ^^?~ hammad, to be 
sour, cause to be sour; ^Ja.^- 
f^\\ j .1% hammad way- 
jdh fll kaldm, he spoke 
harshly to him. ^J^?- himd, 
acid. ^.l9-/KimJd,sour,acid; 
^.W jc taman hdmid, 
exorbitant price; ^•U ^'j^ 
kaldm hdm td,barsh words. 
j^J>yr- humuda, or *.^^j" 
humudyja, sourness, aci- 
dity. ^;?- hummid, sorrel. 
J^ . J-*^. (3*^0 inhamaq{jin- 
himiq). to be angry, lose 
one's temper, ^.^c j*.il 
inhamaq ^alih, begot an- 
gry with him. j^ma/im^g, 
angry, offended, j^ fiumq, 




anger .ill-temper.ji^/ii/na^t/ 
touchy, one wlio is quick to 
take an offence, one who 
has a violent temper, pi. 
kAx- himaqyja. 
J*- ( J^<i ) hamal (jihmil), to 
bear, carry. J?- hammil^ to 
load. J«.il inhamal,or ^y^i-\ 
ithama l,\.o be borne,carried. 
^yi-\ ithammil, to hear, last. 
J?"l i/i^amai, to suffer, bear; 
J*JL4 juktamal, it is pro- 
bable. J».si''l istahmil, to 
bear, resist, last. J.U /idmil^ 
carrying. Jf= muhammil, 
\oadeA.J^ mithainmil,one 
who is carrying a weighty 
one who is bearing malice; 
^i« J*^*yk huwa mitkam- 
mil minny, he bears me 
malice. J?- haml, act of 
carrying. Jy Aim/, load, 
burden, p^. Jli^l a^m(iZ. ^ 
/^mto, load, burden, expedi. 
tion (mil.), pi. O^^?- hamldt; 
^JL»- '^i~ hamlet liatab, stan. 
dard of weight for wood 

(= 33 okes ). J3^ mahmal. 
Holy Carpet. Jls^ hammdl, 
porter ,/)i. tjOl?- hammalyn. 
j>^)\ '^\i- hammdlet ez zyr^ 
filter-stand ; Jls^ hamm&la, 
or o^JCs- hammaldtj braces, 
suspenders. Jj-^imaZ^jWater. 
hawker, pi. -di- himalyja. 
Ayi- humtila, wedding pres. 
ent ( sugar, rice, etc. ); ;|y- 
w5ju humAlet el markib, or 
wS^U J^ mahmulel mar- 
kib, tonnage of a ship. Jvirf 
muhtamal, probable; j. 
J*is^| mm eZ muhtamal, it is 
A-i_^'" humtula, see jji*- 

t/^ ( ty-*i ) hama (jihmy), to 
defend, heat. ^i~ himy, to be 
hot, sharp. ^ hamma^ to 
heat, sharpen, wash another 
person. y.UMma,to defend. 
^J^\ inhama, or |_^^1 ii/ict- 
ma, to be defended, heated. 
^.Ul ithdma, to defend 
one's self, take refuge. ^^^1 
istahamma, to take a bath. 




j^mtti^m f/^defended, heated 
j_j*ji— * mustafiammy ^ one 
who has had a bath, ^z* 
hamy, act of heatmg. p*" 
/lam^m, act of taking a bath. 
^yU hdmy, protector_, hot_, 
sharp; ^.U I ja hdmy, dear 
me I great God! ^.U- ijU-j 
dutihdn Mm I/, strong tobac. 
co; ijUl. ^.li-l) bii /ictmf/ bil 
bdrid, by threats and by 
promises; ^U j\.>- humdr 
hamy, a fast donltey;^^. \a-^» 
JiiJ\ J huwa hdmy fy es 
sugl^he is quicli at worli.A.^U 
hdmja, garrison^ pi. kl.L.U 
hamjdt. ^ ?vit/ima^ bath- 
heater, joi. ^\!i mahdmy, 
^.U tnuhdmy, advocate, 
lawyer, defender, pZ. a<>[ii 
muhamyn. ^jr himma or 
humma^fever ,pl, ^z,\^?■ him. 
myjdt, ii\^ himdja, protec- 
tion, foreign subject. »\^ 
hammdm, bath, pi. <lX>\?- 
hammamdt, or |J<^^\^■ ham- 
mam,yn. ^^\^' hammdmy, 

or ji\>- hammdmgy, bath- 
k&Q^QT ,pl,i^.\p.hammamyja. 
Jj\ jg- hamu en nyl, priclc- 
ly-heat. 4,.?- hammyja, 
zeal, diet, ^z^s- himjatlu, 
address of an official holding 
the 5th civil grade. 
t)^^ hummid, see jia.?- 

Cf (j<) hann (jihinn), to have 
compassion, j^ hannin, 
to cause to have compassion. 
y>- hunu, or ii::^hinnyja^ 
compassion, kindness. Cn'-^ 
hunayjin, kind-hearted, 

^ hinna ,sQe ^^ 
^•^{^S) hint ('i&nj,scoundrel,rascal, 
duffer, cunning, sharp. 
J^ . Jitiil ( J^tijil ) ithangil, to 
hop, dance, ^ hang ila, act 
of hopping, dancing. 
^iXi^- handawyl, small loaves of 
Indian corn flour, sg. ^iJj jJ*^ 
handawyla^ pi. o^^..}-*^ 
^p-[^'.^,)hannis,\o tantalize. ^^\ 
ithannis, to be tantalized. 

^ "" ^ 



^•■i tahnys, SiClof tantalizing. 
^Ja.l.:^ ( ^-ii*: ) hanias, to have 
orderly habits^ be stylish, 
be accurate. 4^».:>- hansasa^ 
orderly habits, stylishness, 
accuracy, exactness. 
Jji:^ handal, colocynthis, bitter 
i»:»-(Ja:4: ) hannat, to embalm. 
itiil ithannat, to be embal- 
med. ]»;*: muhannat, embal- 
med. Ja_i tahnytj act of 
jyiaXp- hant{ir * Mctoria carriage, 
pi. j^\:^ hanatyr. 
A^ hanafyja^ tap, water-cock, 
cii:*- hanah, mouth;dli:»- ^jaIi a.> 
"asamhum hi nuss hanak^ 
he invited them half-heart- 
edly; dXill 4J JU qdl loh bil 
hanak^he told him verbally. 
y^hunu, %ee'^ 
j yj- handty , corpse-washer, pi. 
*.j^>- hanutyja. 
^ ( jii )/i«na (j'ihny), to bend, 
hanna, to dye 



with hinna. ^^i■\ inhana^ or 
^1 iihana, to be bent, cur- 
ved. j^>^l iitonna, to be dyed 
with hinna. j^ mahny, or 
lif minhiny, bent, curved. 
^^ muhanny , or ^^i.' mit- 
hanny, dyed with hinna. 
A.:*, hanja, a bend, a curve, 
pl.^\^>-hanjdt .Kyi-tahnyja , 
act of dying with hinna. *-:>• 
hanyja, space under row of 
fire-hearths or under a 
staircase, cave, pi. oLv 
hanyjdt.\:,>- hinna, lawso- 
nia inermis;\i>- J: tarnr 
hinna, mignonette. ^^ 
munhany, curve, pi. c>\;^ 
^p-hunayj inland <->• hinnyja, 

see j>- 
iua-/im^ny,smallloaf of bread, 

pi. oUu». hinenyjdt. 

4^?- ha nja and ha n yja , see ^^ 

\y-hauwa, Eve. 

\yhiwa, see (Sj'- 

ij.\)'- hawds, see ^»- 

*^>\y»- hawdta ,see l^y 




aIIjp- riuwdla,and a^\y>- hawaUn, 
see JU 

a\^ hawdjig ^ see ^-U 

ij}y>-hawdja,Yonr\A pad placed 
under loads when carried 
on the head or on the back, 
pi. ^\}f- hawajdt, 

yltyh^t, whale, cod, pi, Jt.>- 
*jjj_)>- hawddja, and o^*- hawda, 
see iW 
/)'>•{ fyiz) hauwar , to alter ;, 
change, modify. jjU M 10 jr, 
to parry, debate, evade. J'y<\ 
it hauwar, to be altered, 
changed, modified, ^^i-tah- 
tvyr^ alteration, change, 
modification. »jjlsi muhdw- 
ra, act of parrying, evad- 
ing, debate, pi. oljjl< 
muhawrdt^^f \.^_)i\9-haw- 
rinja kyka, or l^o^ kyka, 
game of "hide and seek". 
jjP' Mr, kind of fish, poplar tree. 
jy Ms, see jU 

iy,y>- hdSj see ^U 

J,^f hawas, vulgar people, gyp- 

j^y hds, see j,U 
4j,--»^Aosa to, stomach of a bird, 

pi. c>^\^j^hosaldt, 
Je^>- hud, basinjtank,pond, dock, 
pl_ ^\Ji.j> hyddn. 

^)^hawat, or i^,\^>■ hawdta, 
acuteness,cunningness. Iaj_j>- 
hawyt, cute, cunning^ sly. 

J j=- /!a?oaZ, cross- eycdness. Jj».l 
ahwal, cross-eyed, squint- 
eyed, fern. V^>- h6la,pl. J^ 

J>9- hdl, see JU 

f^*" /*o/n, see ^U- 

t5y- ( (i^4 ) hawa (jihwy), to 
charm against the biteof 
venomous snakes, deceive, 
play a trick on another; iS,»- 
x^chawa ^aUh, he fooled 
him. iS)^ mahwy, charmed. 
\y>. hiioa, deceit, artful, 
cunning, sly. i^jU hdwy^ 
snake - charmer, juggler, 
thought-reader ,/)i. , l^/i?aod. 

JaJ;^> liawyt, see Js^p- 
^j- haj , and L>- haja, sce^^*. 




»jL»- hijdza^ see jU- 
*^L»- hijdsa, leather strap which 
goes round a donkey's or a 
horse's hips and is buckled 
to the saddle, pi. wUL». 
jyi^hijdq, jU 
i]L»- hayjdk^ see ilU 
ij^-j-hayjdny, and ,U»- or »^^ I 
hajd,see^>- | 

yL^j-hcs, or si^ jy "'in ^^s/; 
because of.since, considering 
that_, whereas; c^-p- Jl »-j 
riih ila his, go to hell ! ^^ 
ol fci/ies inn, so that, ^t^ 
hatjsyja, relevancy, status^ 
pi. wU.»- haysyjdt. 
^\j<:^hajrdn, and ,J5,»- ^yra, see 

(jA:»- ^'J/'S miser^ mean, stingy, 
(jio- /u^fi, see ^U 
]»..>■ hit, see JaU 
j-.p-A^g, see jlo- 

J;»- /i^i_, strength; J^ j-f.» U ma 
/'t/yd« /i^i, there is no 
strength in me; (^y. 
giry hilhH,he ran as fast 

as his legs could carry him; 
viU.-9-jLi sidd hilak, have 
courage! liU-*- Jc wJil uqaf 
'ala hSlak, stand up! Ic a.»l 
dll-;?- uqhid ^ala hilak, sit 

4;s- /if/to^and J^- hijaly, see J.U 

a>=^(c^) hayjin, to supply 
another with money. ^\ 
ithayjin, to have money^ be 
supplied with money. Cj^ 
niuhayjin, or jjjji* mithay- 
jin, one who has money. 

^:^hyn, time_, pi. c^V>-\ ahj'dn; 
jro- JS" J /"?/ kull hyn, at 
every moment ; jjjo <>»- J^ 
kull hyn we myn, nov/ and 
then. CUs-l ahjdnan, some, 

,^ ( c^4 ) Ziyi O'i^y^J. to be 
alive. ^■>- hayja, to salute, 
greet. ^-'\ istaha, to be shy. 
\.i-^\ istahja^to revive. Ji-^* 
m istihy,shy; <ufc*- 'm istihy- 
ja, sensitive plant. ,L>-or,^-»- 
hajd, life; iJy \'X^) wihjdt 
abAk, or iJ^I ;l* bihjdt 



abAk,for your father's sake ! 
bj ;Ij-j wihjdt rabbuna, 
by God ! ,Li.\i bil hajd^ alive; 
»U.| Jui Jc 'ato 5^d eZ /'-a/(t, 
in the land of the living, l^ 
tahyja,sa\ui^t\on^ greeting_, 
pi. cA-^ tahyjdt. >. haj\ 
alivBj living thing, pi. L:^| 
ahja, orciy^^ hayjyn; j. JT 
hull fwbj, every one; j-' ^» 
min haj, how often! L j^ ^j* 

a:P min ^j ma kallimtoh^ 
how often have I spoken to 
him! ^y>■\J 4iil J- hajalla 
rdgil, only a man! Ic ji- 
/lo/' 'atom, evergreen, house, 
leek^ semper-vivum . L>. 
/laya, shyness. JL=- ^'. 6ato/i 
hayjdny, green or unripe 
dates. *<>- hayja, serpent, 
pi, cXj-hayjdt.0^yf-hywdn^ 
animal, p^.ol;l^.=- hyicandt. 


= b 

wU ( ^J: ) hdb (jibyb ), to fail, 
be disappointed; 4-«^ j wU- 
hdb fy sa^Johj his efforts 
were in vain, w**- hO'yjib, to 
disappoint, baffle. ^U-^(J- 
yi6,disappointed, frustrated 
in one's attempts; ^>}^ jjj 
walad hdjib, a good-for- 
nothing boy. 4^J- /?^6a, dis- 
appointment, failure. 

j^,U. ia&^ir, peg, wedge, picket. 

pi. j^}^ bawabyr. 
^ij\i-hdbja, see^j^^i- 

^\i' (idtim, see Ai- 

jW .jlul ( jUii) ifi^ctr, to choose, 
select,opt._,_»,>^at/yar,to give 
one the choice, j^ mubay- 
jar, or j^ mitbayjar, one 
who has the option. jLli-l 
ibtijdr^or ,^ i?^ra,choice, 
option, selection; iJjUi-l 
bibt ijd ra U ,do a s you please 1 




please yourself! jLii-l J»-lj 
rdgil ibtljdr^ an old man. 
j^ hir, good, blessing, pi. 
Cj\j^lierdt;^j^S^ kattar 
hirak, I thank yoiil It j^i- 
J>«*' l^ir ma timil, this is 
the best you can do; jj'4 ^» 
hiiwa hihir, or *j\cj j«4 y 
/i«fca hihir we 'dfja he is 
in good health; j^i- J-a?.^asai 
6^r^ or jji- t5j>. ^ara 6^^*, it 
does not matter I it may have 
been worse I j^.f j^ aIj J 
fy Mthum Mr kitijr, their 
house has a well-stored 
larder; oj^i- dl! jUi-l tViidr 
to/c hcra, chose between 
the two! chose for yourself! 
Ijji- biran, I hope you have 
good news! what can I do for 
you? jl:*; muhtdr^ head of a 
corijoration, pl.^j^ malidt- 
ra. iSj:^ Mry or hajry^ 

r-jU-MA-ig'.and 4.;>-jU- bargyja, 
see r-ji- 

Al»jli- bdrta, see J»ji. 

jjjU- bazAq^ see JJ>- 

^U /^(Js,and -L^U-Sctssj/ya^seejjoi- 

«J>U- liddi\ see »-ai- 

_^U./((i(jr, see ^Li- 

^U- ( *Jli:)6<i/', to fear, be afraid 
of; J^IJo 3^^huwajihdf 
'alal walad, he is anxious 
about the boy. ^'^hauwif^ 
to frighten, vjy- h6f, fear^ 
fright.^,y6 tafiwyf, act of 
frightening. ^Juli- fitAji/', af- 
raid, frightened, pi. t^j^iU- 
hajfyn. »Jl> bauwdf, or 
^y. bauwyf, coward, pi, 
^^^lJi- bauwafyn, or Ai,^ 

jyli-^a/^'', oats. 

J^ ( J;*: ) 6<*^ (jifiyl), to appear 
well in a dress, be comely. 
JjU.^(iyi7,one who is appear, 
ing well in a dress, comely. 
J^i- hawal, dancing-man, 
effeminate, catamite, pi. 

JU 6^Z,matcrnal uncle, pi.Jly-l 
abwdl. aIU 6^ta, maternal 
aunt, pi. oVU-6a&l^ 



^jei\i- lidlis, see ^i- 

^\'!>-hdliq^ see jli- 

J^ hdly, see Ji- 

f\»- idm/aw or crude material. 

fj-*^ hdmis , see ^?- 
0^ ((1)^*:) ^(^'i (JuhAn), to abuse 
confidence, betray. ,^V- 
bauwin, to consider dis- 
honest, attribute treachery 
to another, ^;t,i ta^wyn, 
attribution of treachery or 
dislionesty to another. 4.1U- 
Ijijdna, or aJI^ fiuwdna, 
abuse of confidence, betray- 
al, treachery, ingratitude. 
i;tU-'/^d.ym, betrayer, disho- 
pi. cjji)U- bajnyn. 
^\i-bdn, inn, bazaar, pi. »il;U- 
dandt. AiW Mna, column 
(of a table, statement, etc.), 
pigeon-hole, pi. Z>'^\i-l}andt. 

Jy\i-ban{iq, see j:i. 

tf J^ ( (^ jl#: ) Mit"^ (Jifidwy), or 
\ij tjjlil itijdwa wayja, to 
be on brotherly terms with. 
»\i)\iimuba.wd^ brotherhood. 

wjU-Myife, see k_,U 
UiAi- bdj'if, see oU- 

jtU hdjin, see (^jli. 

L> {lJ^)habb(juhubb) , to shake. 
w^ /ja&b, act of sliaking. 

iiU- liabdsa, see j.,.i- 

jU- habbdZj see j^i- 
^^Ci- bdbbds, see ,ja.^ 

»i^ ^a6s, or *Uji- liabdsa^ wick, 
edness, malice. vi,>..i- Ijabys, 
wicked, malicious, pi. Li- 
J^ ( J>'S) bcibbar, or jj^l abbar , 
to inform.^. \i-i^d6i>,orCjj'.^il 
ithdbir wayja^ to commu. 
nicate with, correspond 
with, negociate with. jpA 
ibtabar, to examine, jji-*! 
istabbar, to inquire, jji- 
babar, information, news, 
pi. jL^l a&Mr ; tA j^kl ei 
/jafca/^ i, what is it ■? what 
is the matter ? j.i- cJ^ JL. 
mtis to^^i bttbar^ it does not 
matterl never mind I jji- 1^1 
akkara ba-bar, publicly, 
openly. j^J^xsXtma ^andys 



babar, I am not aware of it ; 
jy- jii\ iddyny Ijabar^ let 
me know ! *j jvi- habanjja, 
report, piece of news, pi. 
Cj\j^habar yjdt , »y^hibra, 
or jU:^l i/(iiM/', experience, 
knowledge. j\j>-\ ihbdr^ in- 
formation jif^ljabyr, guide, 
connoisseur , pi \j'j^hubara. 
muhbiryn. ,y.l«i mahdbra, 
communication, correspon- 
dence^pourparler , pZ.>^lj;l»s 
muljabrdt ; oljAi^-l i5 qalam 
el muhabrdt, Intelligence 
JK^ (jvi-)}jabaz(j Ujbiz) ^lo bake; 
4.;^j »3^ .>* huwa httbazoh 
we 'aganoh, he knows all 
about him, he knows him 
thoroughly. 3_ki| inljaba;s, or 
j\il it/jabaz, to be baked. 
J^ji mahbCiz, baked, jji- 
/j«^^, 01' jA.i- haby^, act of 
baking ; jyj>. baby^, baked 
bread, bread gning to or 
coming back from the oven. 

tj^i-habsa, sailors' bread. Ja»; 
mahbas^ bakery, pi. jjlj: 
mahdbiz.j\i-habbds ,hQkQv^ 
pl. usJV" habbazyn. 
u**> ( t)*;*: ) ^*&f*? (julibus ), or 
habbas, to mix, embroil, 
muddle, tell a lie, deceive, 
slander; x^ic l-.^-i- Ijabasna 
'al^hum,v/e told them a lie, 
we deceived them;JS'Vl<^{>i.i- 
habbas fil aid, he ate all 
kinds of indigestible food. 
jjA.^I inljaba.^ or (^a^^^ 
itbabas, to be mixed, 
embroiled, muddled. j^_,.»! 
ma/jbuSj mixed, embroiled, 
muddled ; *.->^J^ '^:^> qadyja 
mahbCisa,a complicated case. 
^jA^i- bttbSj ov ^Ja.■~i■ tabbys , 
act of mixing, embroiling, 
falscliood, deceit, slander; 
jjA-i- ,"j$ kaldm bt^bs, mis- 
representation, fabrication, 
invention ^y>\.-^ bo-bbds^ 
scoundrel, liar, pi. u<^Li- 
habbat^yn ; a-*1;- »j* mara 
b<.ibbdsa,Q. fast woman. *.*-.;. 





babysa^ native pudding. 

Ja-^ ( L-V: ) babat (jUjbat), to 
to strike repeatedly. 
inhabat, orIi.i^l ithabat, to 
be struclv. i»_j;si mcUjbitt, 
struck^ hit^ knocked, ja-i- 
/jabt, or Ja.;.;i tahbyt, act of 
striking, liitting, knocldng, 
making a noise. i.]a..i~ habta, 
a stroke, a hit, a knock, pi. 
cX\>..>- habfdt. 

to confuse, perplex, puzzle. 
Jiil inliabal,ov ^:i-\ ilhabal 
or it/jabbil, to be confused. 
^^^■imuljabbil, or J.;t* m it/iab- 
bil,ov i] yiimahbtUj confused. 
,^.:i-tahbijl, ticioi confusing, 
^..i ta/jbyla^ a confusion ; 
4;:^^ J»-lj r(l(7j7 tahbyla, an 
awkward man, a slow man. 

^<,-y{i^f.)hO'bba (jibabby), to 
hide, conceal. ^•:^ I iljtaba, or 
[gi**! isi!a/;ab6a,tohide one's 
self.^li7Aa^6a,to be hidden, 
concealed. ,.si muljabby, or 

|[ji* mithabby, or ^■^"■' m?<5- 
tahabby, hidden, concealed. 
A._i ta/jbyJcCj act of hiding, 
concealing, ^i^mihbci^ or 
AiLiJ mihbdja, hiding-place, 
bdtj or oliU*: mihbajdt.\.,\;,- 
hdbja^ \at^pl. J}^^ hawdby, 
<^jLi- Ijabjdry* caviare. 
habys, see ^^i- 
Ijabyr , see j;^ 
habyj, see j;i- 
■hubbd:sa, mallow. 
;i- Ijabysttj see ^j^^i- 
->*=- {y^-^^hatar(juhtur)^[o strut. 

Ji^liati\ conceited gait. 
^^ {x^)hatam( J ill tim) ,io seal, 
sign; x^^jLlel garh ha tain, 

the wound has healed 


/jattim, to cause to seal or 
sign. Aiil in/jatam, or A'il 
itijatam jto be sealed,signed. 
(iy.*^maA^£(m, sealed, signed, 
jj^s- Ijatm, act of sealing, 
signing. ^i./j(7m, seal, signet, 
impi'cssion of a seal, pi, .l:i-| 
aljtdm. f-\i- /'(</Jm, finger- 




ring, pi, /rlji- hawdtim. *\!:i. 
JjcUtdm, scal-engravcr, pi. 
(jj..l:i- hattamyn. A.Ui- Aa^- 
tc'^ma^senling-box, pi.oUl"i- 

*£=" hatma, religious Moha- 
medan ceremony, pi. ol^i- 
licUrndt^ or Ai- hiiam. ui'' 
hit ma ^ broad. 

J^( J=:-^) /."'i/'^ (Jil'Oal), to 
blush_, be ashamed_, be shy. 
J^liciggil^ to cause to blush, 
put to shame. J-^ti tahgyl, 
act of causing to blush, put- 
ling to shame. ^\^ llO'do-l, 
blush, shame_, bashfulness. 
cS^J^^hag Id n , ashamed , bash- 
ful_, shy , pi. iji'^j ^ lictglanyn . 
-li- liadd,dieek, pi. ^•Ji-Ijudud. 
pi. o'Jiii mahadddt. AjJuai- 
liidedyja, small pillow, pi. 
oIjJiJ^ hidedyjdt. 

^s.^ Iiadddm, see*Ji- 

jji(jj,9!:) Iiaddar^io intoxicate, 
bo intoxicated. jX^ muhad- 
dar^ or fnXif mitliaddar, 

intoxicated. jX^^ tahdyr, 
intoxication. olj-xi^ muhad- 
dirdt, narcotics. 

^J^( j-Si^ ) hadas (jilidis), to 
scratch, excoriate; J^ j--^ 
hadas sarafy, he touched 
my ho nou r . ^ j.ii I in hadas, 
or ^J'^i■\ ithadas, to be 
'scratched, excoriated. ^jXif 
mahdus, scratched, excori. 
ated. j^Ji- hads, scratch, 
excoriation, mutilation, pi. 
j^i^i- hudtU. 

^}J^(^}^.^)hidil (jiJidal), to 
be tired, exhausted. o^x>- 
hadldn, tired, exliausted. 

^M-{^s^)hadam ( jihdim ), to 
serve, tj^haddim, to em- 
ploy;._,i Jl Jc \yji-haddimu 
"alaes siifra, thoy served 
at table. *jil inhadam, or 
^j.i-\ ithadam , to be served. 
^Jki*'l/5^«/)''/(/n, to employ, be 
oiuyiloy cd.fJ.i'^'niustahdim, 
employed, employ^, official, 
tahdym, act of employing, 




serving. ^xi^] istihddm, 
act of employing,, using^ 
employment, ^.ai- ljidma,or 
<*\m- Ijiddma^ service, em- 
ployment, a favour, pi. aM- 
liidam, or z>^m\m. hidamdt. 
dant, employed, fem. ^Am- 
hadddma ,pl,^Ax>- hadda- 
m yn. ^sCmuhaddun,rQg\%- 
ter-office keeper, pi. tji.Js^ 
muhaddimyn. ^iXtt malj- 
diim ^lord^masiev ^pl. ok-jS-^ 
aj Jb Ji- b idedyja, see si- 
if jlM. Jjid^ wy,* Khedivo of Egypt, 
J"(J^.) -^^'^ (jtilnirr), to 
leak, trickle, drop. j>- ljarr\ 
act of leaking, trickling, 
\j^ Ijara, see (Sji- 

A. Li- Ijardba, see v_,_^> 

^j^ljurrdg and bardg,see^ji^ 

^\'J- harrdfj see la^i- 

*j>\j>-hirdfa, see oj^ 

w> ( «-.j»^ ) /jam& (jihrlb), to 

destroy, ruin, demolish; wji- 
Ijjjl harab ed dinja, he 
moved heaven and earth; 
vi-iji- ilaJU mdlta liirbet, has 
the world come to an end ? 
v_.j:^ hlrib, to be destroyed, 
ruined, demolished. >J^_^ 
Ijardb, destruction, deso- 
lation, ruin. A,\j^ hardba^ 
ruin of a house, pi, oU^i- 
harabdt , ^l 'i- tahr yb , des- 
truction, devastation. Cj\j^ 
harbdn, destroyed, ruined. 
*;jj'- Ijaruba, mischievous. 

o-\j^ ■ u-!j^ ^■^ lahinoh hirbis, he 
has no feelings, he does not 

jLi ji- (JL; ji;) Ijarbis, to scratch. 
^jil i^/'ar6/s,to be scratch- 
ed. j:.\ Jsiin a ha r bis, scratch- 
ed. Aliji-harbisa, a scratch, 
pl.J-i.^J" harabys. 

JlJ-{j>.J^) bcirbag, to pierce, 
perforate. j>.ji-\ itharbaq, 
to be pierced, perforated, 
jjjj; muiiarbaq, pierced, 
perforated, full of holes. 4.1.^;. 



liarbaqa, act of piercing, 

•^j~harttjt, rliinoceros, rhino- 
ceros liorn. 

£> ( ^/^ harag ( juhrug ), to 
go out, come out; ^> l:>-ji- 
oJitl haragna min el Ijicl- 
ma, we left the service; uL 
^>-ji- batnoh ha rage t^ his 
}3owels "were moved ;^ i- aJ-S^ 
'aqloh harag, he \vas en- 
raged, he was exasperated. 
^> harag {jihrig ), to 
distil. T-ji-l aljrag, to take 
out, expel, send a\vay. ^-'J- 
((arragf _,to take out,graduate, 
r-jil inharag , or ^^j^l 
itharag, to be distilled, r-jil | 
itharrag, to be graduated. | 
r-j^l istahrag, to extract, ; 
distil.r-jj>//«rr<^,act of going 
out, exodus. rj\i- Ijdrig, out, 
outside, projecting, branch 
canal. A-.>-j^i^l o^ji^ dywdn 
el bargyja, Minisiry of 
Foreign Affairs, Foreign 
Office, r-j^*^ mustahrag , 

extract. 4,^ l^'^fyg, distil- 
lation. ^\j^'^\ istihrdg, 
extraction, distillation, r-l^i- 
hardg, land-tax, tribute. 
j^\ji. hardgy^ lands paying 
hardg.7^\*ji'h a rrdg, abscess, 
tumour,pi. Z'\i^\J-liurragdt. 
rji- barg, ration, food allow, 
ance; ,j\.k^i!\ ^J~ harg el 
fastda, trimming or fringe 
of a dress. i>-^ harga, pro- 
jecting part of a building, 
funeral, pi. cUy- hargdt. 
rj^ mahrag, outlet, anus, 
pi. j-jli: mahdrig. -_^ 
hurg, saddle-bag, /)i.^l_,;-| 
ahrdg; rj^\ ^^ ii>- huU 
/i^u/r^,don't mind! forget! 
don't believe it ! 
j^iji^ hurdagy,* see o> 
Jij^ h'C^daq, small shot, sg.^iji- 
Ijardaqa^pl. z>\iiji- harda- 
^^^hardal, mustai'd, mustard 
seed, sg. *)i> hardala, pi. 
cMij^ hardaldt. 
»iji./)urrfa,' coppiM- coin, small 



ware, haberdashery, half- 
worn-out articles, pi, Ol^y- 
Imrdawdt. ^^j-burdagij, 
haberdasher, pi. i^-jr^J^ 

*j:>j^Ijurdijja, maltresse, pi. 
oljjji- hurdyjdt. 
jj>-(jj^) haras (juhi'iis), to 
pierce, bore, j^il inharas, 
ovjj<\ illjaras,[o he pierced, 
bo red.jj_,yma/(ri'<,3', pierced, 
bored. J^,;- hars, act of pier- 
cing, boring, j^i- haras , 
bceds, sg. ',jj>- ha rasa, pi. 
olj^ harasdt; ^Jl ij^;^ 
haraset el byr, curb of 
a well. j\j-i. mihrds, awl, 
boring tool,/)/. y^j\it maha- 
o'jjs- harasdn , see o'j '-^ 

cT J*" (cT J*:) ^' ""'*" (jihras ), to be 
dumb;^j>l (Vjras, hold your 
tongue! shut \\\)\ ^J^haras, 
dumbness. ^_,^lrt//ra.?/lumb, 
fern. K^j- liarsa, pi. ^j^ 
hiirs ^ or dj^—j^ hursdn. 

^j^- /ars, barren land, land unfit 

for cultivation. 
*'Uj^ harasdna* concerto. 
ftj^{.tjiz)harslm, to cause to 
be bruised. ftj^\ itharsim, 
to be bruised. Aj^muhar- 
sim, bruised. A..^_,^ Ijarsima, 
act of bruising, bruise. 
^Pj*- hark'if,txv[\c\'\o\\c?..^sg.iSytji. 
harm fa, pi. cXi^i-J- Jiarki- 
^J- (is/') harat (Jithrut), to cut 
with a knife, turn on a lathe, 
brew, exaggerate, l^^i- har- | 
rat, to cut into small slices; I 
, Ui , is ic * i.' ^U ni a t ih ar- ) 
rati 'ala qalhy baml^do not 
distress me! do not make me 
uneasy ! i»j^l in ha rat ^ or 
1^J^\ it ha rat, to be cut, 
turned on a latlie. l>j\i.\ j 
ithar rat, io be cut into small 
slices. l»)J^mahrut,cul with 
a knife, turned on a lathe. 
l>ji miihar rat, cu[ into small 
slices. Ijj^ /ja/'(, act of cut- 
ting with a knife, turning 
on a lathe. a1»Ij^ hirdta, act 



J J* 


of turning on a lathe; Jii 
l^ji- kigl/jart,ov i^\j>~ J;i 
k((jl Ijird'a, lathe-work^ 
wocd-work in arabesque 
stylo. Jiijsi taljryt, act of 
cutting with a knife^ cutting 
into slices. i^>j>- harta^ 
fib, exaggeration, pi. zX\> j- 
har!dt; i^j^harla, slice, pi. 
l^j^ Ijuraf, or sij\i>^i-har(dt, 

mn\) ,pl_}is j^hurat fiv ^ItjU- 
harldt^ov -zM^i}- liarytdt. 
l»\*j^ liarrdt^ turner, pi, 
Cx)" ji- harratyn.iS'ji ma/j. 
J'^^J'ljccrtus,* cartridges, car- 
touche^ sg. ^ijl'j^ hartusa^ 
pi. wU^L._,i- harfaklt, 
f)^J- harUim, hose, snout of tlic 
elephant, /)i. J:>\j^liaratyni. 
f-ji-.f-jCi-l iljtara^ (jUjtli-i' )^ to 
invent, f-ji^\ ln/iara\ to be 
weak-minded, insane, f-ij^ 
malira\ weak-minded, in- 
sane. Acj- IjarUj imbecility, 
insanity. f-lj\>l i/jtird', in- 


\cniion, pi. ^^c^J^M/jtira^dt. 
(■Jit mulitari , inventor, pZ. 
u^j^^ mulitari'yn. 

^j^[^^i^) h'lrlf or harraf, to 
become childish from old 
agc,dote.^ji//a/'a/'^or ^ji- 
tahryf, imbecilUy, supers- 
tition. ^\ij,.harfdn,ov Jt'jf 
muAarrrt/"/:- hlldish, supers- 
tilious. viji- hirdfa, fable, 
pi. cM\J'hirafdt. 

JLi j> ( ^jLi^i^ ) /jar f is, to scratch 
(wilh pen on paper), rustle, 
be rough or uneven. JL>_,i 
muharfis, rough, uneven. 
Ai.»j>/!ar/?&'a,rustling, rough, 
ncss, unevenness. jtjji. 
sg .4.1.jji.//?; rfeki,pl.zA.Lif' 

J>(Jj^) haraq (jihraqj, to 
pierce, drill a hole; j__,i- _,» 
o\J* huwa /jaraqelbint, he 
seduced the girl. j'^i-Zjar/'ag, 
to drill one hole after another. 
jj^\ inharaq^ or j^il it- 
ljaraq,lo be pierced, j j^\ 




itijarraq, to be full of holes. 
Jjji mahruq^ I)ierced; »i,*j 
iiijibintmabrdqa,ix sed- 
uced girl, jjii muharraqj 
full of holes. j^> Ijarq, or 
jj_^ tahryq, act of piercing. 

drilling a hole; 



hole, rent, perforation, /)Z. 
Jsj^ljur-iiq; Jj>-^ ,X\ydoh 
fyha harq, money burns a 
hole in his hand. ^>j^ljij-qa, 
rag, tatter, /jZ. JJ- Ijiraq; 
i»j-j\iqumAs hirqa, coiion 
material of native make. 
fj*" {fj^)hci-i^cim (juhrttm), to 
pierce, go wrong; AiUAl 
vi-'ji- el masdla haramet, 
the case was a failure. ^'J>- 
harram, to drill, make one 
hole after another, take a 
short cut across. ^ jil inlja- 
ram, or *_,^l itljaram^io he 
pierced. /ji\ ilharram, to 
be full ofholes.jCji^ taljrym, 
act of piercing, making a 
short Cut across; Atji^ tah- 
ryma,tx short cut across,pi. 

mdt. ^ji'/jurm, hole, bore, 
pl. f)j^ huri'im. cA'^ 
harmdn, out of order, 

y^ij^harrub, carob-tree, cerato- 
nia siliq'ua^ fruit of the 
carob-tree, sg. aj^^ i'ar- 
riiba, pi ol.)ji Ijarrubdt; 
Aj/ji harruba, i/153G part 
of an ardabb. 

^) j^ljti I'll g, sec ^j;>. 
c.}j^ }jarica\ castor oil plant; j.,, j 
f^ji^- ^(^f liarwa\ castor oil. 

yJij^hariif, one sheep, pi. ^^.U^j- 
*/> (ti J*:) (' i''y ^ jibra ), to ease 
the nature, be frightened; 
tji-J. (Sj^ U »-_,k. mcitrah ma 
Ijiry kinaquh ,blanc bonnet 
bonnet blane, six of one and 
half a dozen of the other. 
i5^i-/ja/'ra, to cause to ease 
the nature, frighten. I^i- 
/io/'a, excrement, dung;^lo 
Iji- kitdbhara, a worthless If 
book; (_;iJ Ijr^j, \)i.\ j,i\^\ ( 




qavcawyr el bara jiddaq- 
Ugu U ba'<l, birds of tlic 
same feather flock together. 
tj\j- Ijctrrdra, cess_pool, 
drain^ pi. Cj^j^j-harrardt. 
i^ij^barja, a stool, a cake of 
dung. pi. z>\j- harjdt. 
4 .i.fiarijg see r- i- 

Ja) ,i- ( it) j<T ) liarjaf^ to frighten, 
be frightened, lai ^ii muljar- 
jat, frightened. *Wi^i. /ja/*- 
ja(a, fright. 

A.k) _,;. daryta, see 1*^;- 

^. ji- fiaryf, autumn. 
*iji-hifyjO', ancient gold coin, 

^\-^i~fiiudm, see »ji~ 
Q\y^ hassdn^ see q-j>- 

o\jy>- hctsardnfiv o' j> fjarazdn, 
cane, rattan, sg. ^"i j> /ja^a. 

J> ( Jj'^ ) /i«'^«(? (jill^aa) or 
hazzaq, to tear, pierce. 
Jjil inha3aq,ov jjil ^i6a. 
^a^or itba^saq, to be torn, 
pierced, jjitf mahaszaq, 
or Jj,;** mithax^aq, torn, 

pierced. j;ji tahzyq^ act of 
tearing, piercing. JJ-hazq, 
a tear. 

f > *^ r J*^ ) basam. (jUisim ), to 
pierce tlie nose. Ajiil inbct- 
sam, or *j^| it/jazam, to 
be pierced. j.jj,si mah^uni, 
pierced. >.j;. /ja^m, act of 
piercing. ^ijp-/?a^(tm, nose- 
ring, seton, pL oUljp. /^w- 

0> ( Oj;*: ) Ija^an (ji/jzin ) or 
hazjin, to store up, make 
a provision, ^^ji:-] inba^cLn, 
ovjji-\ltlia:;an or ithaszin^ 
to be stored up. o^j^i^ mali- 
zCiti, or (^jif muhazzin, 
stored up. Cif- bcizn, or^ji- 
hazyn, ov ^-^i-tab^yn, act 
of storing up, making a 
provision, ii^bazna^ trea- 
sury, small room, closet, pi. 
^y^bi-^cin,ov cJ^j^bO"Sridt. 
4;! ji- bcLzdna, cupboard, pi. 

bazna hadyd, or Jijt>- *;lji- 
hazdna hadyd, iron safe. 





-Ujji- Jio^zyna, treasury, pi 
yLX-i^ha;; yndt .ij\ ji'liaz ::dn , 
reservoir, pZ. o*;'_)^ lia^^a. 
ndt. j\Xy^ Ijisinddr* Irea. 
surer, paymaster, pZ. 4. jl jJ^i- 
Uisindaryja. jj,*; malj^an, 
magazine, store, pZ. ojlii 
mal}dsin; ijy^ ^Ij^ siryt 
mahsan, railway shunting, 
pi. x,^yi malizangyja. 

'■^T ( ^'J^' ) ^i^^^ (jih^y), to put 
to shame, disgrace. <i_)i-/ij^f/, 
or (ijiil inhaza, or tSji^l 
ithasa^ to be ashamed, dis- 
graced. (SyHnaljsy^ or j'lj^ 
/(a^jfin, ashamed _,disgraced. 
iSj'- hazy, shame, disgrace. 
4jj> hasja, a shame, a 
disgrace, pi. vl>li>- bazjdt. 
Oij^ljasyn, see j; ji- 

,_^i-(j_^4i ) hass (jUjiss)^ to di- 
minish, be less, become lean. 
j_^-i- Ijassis, to reduce ,cause 
to be less. ^^Ji- 6(^s is, di- 
minished, reduced, lean, 
meagre. A..-,i- l}issyja, 

diminution, reduction, lean- 
ness, meagreness,mcanness. 
^-.;^ //asf/s, mean, ungrate- 
ful, pi. l«.^^ /jusasa. 
^i-fiass, lettuce. 

,jl-.i- ^ isdra, see ^.i- 

dl.™i.( >iJi:_ji ) Jjastik* or dl:_iil 
it/jastlk, to be indisposed. 
dl:-s:ma6asij/f, indisposed. 
a$o_ i- /^as^i/ca, indisposition. 
i^'^-i- hastaJjdna , infirmary, 
hospital, pi. olili-'" basta- 
_^-.i- ( „_isi ) 6isir (jihsar), to 
lose, be damaged,be spoiled. 
^-^ Ijassar^ to cause to lose, 
damage, spoil; ^'Jl ^-i- 
hassar el bint, he seduced 
the girl. .jLi- fizs^tra, loss, 
damage, pi. j\.J^ ho-sdjir, 
or ^\j\.^^liisardt;,j\...h-\ija 
bisdra, what a pity! ^_,l:5ji 
*._» »jL.i- I J el kitdb da 
bisdra fyh, this book is 
thrown away on him, he is 
not worthy of having such a 
book, o^^-j- basrdn, loser. 



damaged, spoiled,/)^. u^\^^i~ 
«-^ ( »Lii ) hassa\ to be shaky, 
unsound, deficient in weight 
or measure. *l-i= mttbassa\ 
shaky, unsound, deficient. 

iJi-i- ( UiJ^ ) basaf ( jilisif), to 
cause to sink or disappear. 
^^^i.\ inljasaf, or ^~.i\ 
ithasaf, to sink, disappear; 
»_i_jil m.^",begonel goto 
the devil! o^-»^ maljsdf, 
sunk, disappeared;o_^-*^ -Ji 
walad malisuf, a damned 
boy, a young rascal, .^-i- 
liasf, act of causing to sink 
or disappear. 

^1.^^ /jasys, and 4.,_i- hissyja, 

JLi- ( J.}^)/iass( J tifjuss), to enter, 
go in; o^V J.^ bass el 6da , 
or .jjVl j J-s- '^2tt-'5j5 fll oda, 
he entered the room; Jc ,J:o- 
A-.j_,aM /jass ^alal 'arAsa, he 
consummated marriage. JLii- 
/;«si7".s, to cause to enter, dcco. 
rate the head with flowers. 

^ocLi- hasbis, to rustle. 4i>- 
/(asfc'a, act of entering. ^<.Li- 
tabsys, act of decorating 
with fiowers.A.iJti.;^ //as/j isa, 
rustle. jLiii- bti^Ss, flowers 
for decoration ( of ladies' 
CO j/f a res), artificial flowers. 

^^i-husdf, sherbet. 

^~^ (^~ii:) bassib, to plank, be 
as hard as timber. ^^1 
itbassib, to be planked. ._^ii 
mubassibj planked, hard as 
timber. ^i.ii- tcUjsyb, act of 
planking. ^.i.l:i- tabsyba^ 
wooden shed, pi. ^uilii 
tabctiyb, or vi-Uiii tabsybdt, 
^1^ basab, timber, pZ s^\ti~\ 
absdb; ^^y w-i- liasab 
mdsky^ Russian or Swedish 
timber; jAo ^Li- basab 
bunduq, Venetian timber; 
*.;ljT"^ w--^ basab latasdna, 
Trieste timber ; ,_^j.i-* 
maglaq basab, ov ,^-i-j.iLi 
sddir basab, timber-yard; 
^ti^^) I6h basab, board of 
timber, plank; ^I^JLi- basab 



elmurr, quassia; ^1 ^Li- 
hasah ufuqy ,z\Qe\ievs{\vr\g) 
i^is^/jasaba^a piece of timber, 
pi. vi^Li.^ hasabdt; j^il i.i> 
hasabet el mayjet, coffin. 
^\li-liassdb,se\\ev of timber, 


pi. 4.,1-ii- Ijassdba. 
i-^ hist,* lance, spear. 

^/?a.?,* woman wbo sells 
silk embroidery, etc. in the 
/iarj/m, female attendant to 
a lady in the harym, pi. 
cAi-V-Li- hustasdt. 

>(j:i*i) haklaq* io seduce, 
copulate. iTiiLi. tiastaqa, 
seduction, copulation. 

i^fjasm, mouth. 

=- io~-'^) I'ttssin, to cause to be 
rough or coarse. ^1^1 Hj— 
sarin, to be rough, coarse. 
fjKii- tahsyn, act of causing 
to be rough or coarse. ^Li- 
Jjisln^ rough, coarse; au^ *.i- 
lahma hisna, veal. Ai^ii- 
husuna, or AJyj^ husunyja, 
roughness, coarseness, rude- 
ness, jii- husny, a rough, 

rude person. 
^s- . ^L-j>-^ (iji-i-j^) i/jiasa (jih- 
tisy ), to be shy, bashful; 
JL:^I Hitisy, for shame! you 
ought to be ashamed of your, 
self! behave yourself ! ^iu; 
muhtisy, shy, bashful, ^i.^ 
hlsu, shyness, bashfulness. 

ji.i'i.i- hus4s, see J:^ 

^Ja.i' {^Joii)fJa'SS (jiljiss or juljuss), 
to appertain to, concern, 
belong to;dL::;si- JlM^s ttassak, 
or dX^^ J:il is juljtissakj 
what have you to do with it? 
this is not your business. 
^yi«ai- fjassas, to dedicate, 
allot, specialize, divide. ^jaM-\ 
ihiass, to appertain to, con- 
cern, be the property of. 
fja.^^\ illiassas, to be dedi- 
cated, specialized, divided. 
jjaisT muhtass, appertaining 
to, concerning, belonging 
to. ^jA-aji mu/jassas, dedi- 
cated to, allotted, divided. 
fjeXA^ talisys, dedication, 
allotment, specialization, di- 



di vision. |_^lw»:i.i ih t /.s<l.?,duty^ ' 
attribution, competence, pi. 
>l/l-tfL^ij-t ihtisasdt -J **-=r 
j_^Ui>Vl gihat el i/itisds, 
pro[:er autliorities. ^^-^i- 
fiiims^ subject, concern; J 

ni i n hui^ds, -wUh regard to, 
asfor;j_^^^l ^oalallnisus, 
or y^j^ai- htisAsan, particu- 
larly^ especially, ^^^^i-hu- 
susy, or fj^j-a'^ maljsCi.'^, or 
^\i- lids, special^ private; 
^jff\i- J:/ "^s Ijds, fine white I 
bread; ^^Ikl .^-JjII ed ddjra 
el hdssa. Department of the i 
K^\i'hafjsyja, property, pec- 
uliarity, pi, zA.J^hO'Ssyjdt. 

»l-ji. hisdm, see .^i- 

^^i- hisb, fertility, ^^i? mtiljsib, 

j.Ai~ . juc'>\ (y-»-<:) ili.ta.p^r (jih- 
cut short. j,a:^ mahta.<;ar, 
summarized, abridged, brief, 
''oncise..^Lu>-li/j^jV(ir, brevi- 

ty, conciseness; jLi:S-'yii bil 
ihtisdr, in short, briefly. 

j^ai. hasr, waist, pi. j^^ai. husur. 

A^-ai- liisla, habitjCustom, pl.^K.^ 
Ii isdl^ or J>\^i- hasdjil-^ ^-ai- 
/liski, lock of hair, pi. J,ai- 

..^i- (^>asi) hci.sam (jifjsim), to 
deduct, subtract. ^\^fidsim, 
or \j J ^\.^\ ithdsim wayja, 
to have a dispute with, be on 
unfriendly terms with. .^\ 
inhasam, or -^sitl ithasam, 
to be deducted, subtracted. 
^j-a.^ mahs{im, deducted, 
subtracted. ..^ 6«,s/n, deduc- 
tion, subtraction. Xa^liisdm , 
dispute, contest, quarrel, joi. 
ol^l^i- fiisamdt, ~a^ (lism, 
rival, opponent, adversary 
in a law-suit, pi.*l^;-|a/jx(iAn. 
^^^>- hu.'^As, see ^i- 

yvai- {is^<) hasa {jihsy), to 
casti-ate, shun, ^^^il infjasa, 
or ^^i\ ithasa, to be cast- 
rated, shunned, ^^aj^ malisy, 
castrated, shunned. j.v*i-/(a;({/, 




castration, act of shunning. 
*--ii. liisjci, testicle, pi. 

jx^ ( (>j<: ) badd ( juhudd ), to 
shake, jolt, frighten. ^>ji I 
inhadd^ or ^^^\ iiljadd^ to 
be shaken, jolted,frightened. 
^y-^i^ mahdiul^ shaken, jol- 
ted, frightened, (jai- hcidd^ 
act of shaking, jolting, frigh. 
tening; ^;- j^O Zaftan hadd, 
butter-milk. Aii- hadrla, a 
shake, a fright, /jZ. oUi- 

jji.^ ( ^A*:) haddar, to cause to 
be green ; ^j>jj\^^i. Ijaddar 
elard, he sowed the seeds. 
jJi^\ ihdarr^io become green. 
'j-^muhdirr^ greenish, ^ii 
muhaddar ^sa\\n (land) . j^^ 
iaiidyr, act of causing to be 
green, sowing seeds. e^Ai- 
Ijudra^green herbs, ^.-ii-la^t- 
dar^gveen, fem, l^ii-Aar/ra, 
pi. jii- budr; \j.^i-,ji wizsa 
liCtdra, a young goose. jUi- 
Ijaddr^ greenness; jUi- 

huddr^ vegetables, greens, 
pi. v^lj^-ai- hudardt. (J^i- 
httdary, vegetable seller, 
green-grocer, pi. "ij^ii- 

*-i^ ( ^.Jusi ) Ijada" ( jihda' ), to 
submit. «i>li. hddi^, submis- 
sive, obedient, pi. (ji<«J>U- 
JjarVyn. e-yJii-l]udu\ submis- 
sion, obedience. 

Jai- [la:'^) Ijcctt (juIjutt),{o draw a 
line,\vrite.iaki./?afto?, to align, 
pencil or dye the eyebrows 
black, Jajil inljatt, or Jail 
it/jattj to be drawn. Jak-cl 
ithattat, io be i)encilled,dyed. 
Ij^kti maljtut^ drawn, iaki; 
aligned, pencilled,dyed. LJai- 
tahtyt, alignment, act of 
drawing lines, dying the 
eyebrows black.ii.^6a((,line, 
I»^ki^ Ijutut; si\a.i-ljattjaddj 
hand-writing, manuscript; 
juAi-l '.^W L^ hattes sikka 
elhadyd, railway line. Jai- 




liiift, quarter or section of 
a city, pi, ialLi-l a/jtdt, \>\Li. 
hattdt^ caligrai)hist_, pi. 

black dye for the eyebrows. 
Iki- 6a(a, see J»i- 

o^i»i- bu(tdfj see ^iii- 

wi»^ ( ^k<: ) hatab, [ Juljtub ), to 
deliver a s[)eech, betroth. 
^Liil inhatab, or wJ»i^' 
ithatab, to be betrothed. 
^tlo- Ijdtib, or ^^i»-- mail- 
tub, betrothed. 4..Li- hutba, 
speech, /j^ >_,Wi- IjtUab; 
fiutba, or ^-i^i^i- hutiiba, 
betrothal; 41 ^ki:-! iu.. hattel 
ljutdba,he gave the engage- 
ment ring, ^jki- hatyb, 
preacher,, orator^ 7:*^ Lki- 
6a(a&a. aJjU /((:t(6a, woman 
whose business is to find 
candidates for matrimony^ 
pi. oUli^ hatbdt. 

jUi- ( jkii ) /jator ( juhtjir ), to 
remember; Jl Jc j.^Li-U 
mahatars 'akt bdly, it did 
not Occur to my mind . jtU 

lidtir, to expose^ risk, ^ki-l 
aljtar, to inform, notify. 
._, Anf/M(ra, act of expos- 
ing one's self to danger^risk. 
jk> Iiatar, danger, risk, 
accident, pi. J\Li~\ ahfdr\ or 
Cj^jla^/jatardt; w^i^jjki- Ul^ 
da 'a to Ijatar we n isyb, this 
is risky, this is a speculation; 
jki-l ^^ garas el hatar^ 
alarm-bell. jks:ma/i(i/*^dan_ 
gerous, risky. Ja^taitr, or 
pi, jUji^/jawdtir-, .^kW^li 
sdf/jdtroh, he had consider, 
ation for him, he favoured 
him; e^LU- W Ji-' (^6<xd 'ato 
hdtroh, he was offended; 
.^L,li- oi-l a^ad Jidtroh, or 
.jU"*ijiP- gabar bi hdtroh^ 
he soothed him, he consoled 
him, he helped him;,_,kU-^^'r' 
kasar Ijdlroh, or .^kU e-l 
M' /j6t/ro/j.,he had no consi- 
deration for him, he would 
not oblige him,he abandoned 
him ; iJjkliti bllidtrak, do as 



you please! please yourself! 
i}jl\i~ (^jU Ac" a la sdn hdtrak, 
for your sake; ^iS Jy\!>- 
hdtritsin* for friendship's 
sake^ favouritism ; ^s-j 
iSji^'^.ruht bi hutry, I went* 
of my own free will, (^^ki- 
hutary, volunteer, pi. *jj^>- 
hutaryja. jLWi-' Uitdr, 
notification, ph. C-'jLki-l 
ihtardt . 

^_,1»^ (>->ji»*:) Ijai.raf, to rave, be 
delirious. m^U^ liatrafa, act 
of I'aving, delirium 

cal.i-(>_iUi4) Uataf ijihtaf), to 
snatch, elope, carry away. 
^kiii inljataf, or »_ik»l 
itijataf, to be snatched, 
carried away.>J^k*i/na/;-(ii/", 
snatched, carried away, 
^k^ bdtfj act of snatching, 
carrying away. ^Lk^/ia^y/a, 
stolen object,object snatched 
or carried away. »j\kv: 
muh{Afj or o^ki- liuttdf, 
hook, anchor, /)i. v_iJ»\ki- 

4.^k;. hifmyja, marsh-mallow. 
4.1 ^k^ /lut/iba, see ^ki- 

o^^ ( ^>1»*: ) 6a?(a ( JUiatty \ to 
stop, walk. Crossover. J»i-I 
a/i(a, to sin, transgress, err . 
Ik^ Aa(a, paces, sg. .^ki- 
hatwa, pi, (ij\k> hatdwy; 
»^k^ s^L;- J:«l jmsf/ fiutwa 
hatwa, walk gently! walk 
slowly ! 4-li^/j«(f/ya,sin, pi, 
Uk;- hatdja, 
^-ki- hatyb, see ^L^ 
w^- ( ^iUi ) te/T' ( jiUff), to be 
light,easy;O^0^* ^^ ^ciyjdn 
haff, the patient is getting 
better; ^^Jiil\ es suglbaff, 
the work has doer eased. >_i;i. 
Ijafftf, to cause to be light 
or easy, relieve, reduce. 
^i-*l ista/jaff^ to consider 
light or easy, disdain. Uiji. 
ta/jfyf,act of making light 
or easy, relief, reduction; 
i.kJ.i talifyfa, undress, 
indoor dress.^jUi-li's^j^/Vi/', 
disdain. i,ki^ hiffC', or ^Oi- 
hiffyjci, lightness, ease. 



loveliness, charm; (^i >i-J\ 
Aii~ es sitt dy Ijiffct, this 
lady is sympathetic, w-i-ii- 
bafyf or Inifayjif, light, 
easy, lovely, charming, 
nimble, pi. ^Ui- Ijufdf, or 
tj[<.i.ii- hiifayjifyn; >.jiJ>- J^lt 
'aqloh liafyf, he is silly, he 
is foolish. 

i.j^ liuff, shoe, slipper, hoof of a 

Ui- hi fa, see ^ji- 
ji. (ji.^) Ijafar(juhfur)^see ji- 

tr*^(tj-**= ) Ijafas (jUjfls), to 
cause to sink, depress. ^^\ 
inhafas, or ^ii-\ Itlsccfas, 
to sink, be depressed. ^i-\ 
inhlfls, begone I go to the 
devil I ^>»«^ mahfCis, sunk, 
depressed, ^^ii- hafs, act of 
sinking, depression. 

^yui- ( (ja.i.ii ) ha fad (jihfi4 or 
juhfwl ), to lower, reduce, 
uiiiil inhafad, ov,jaJii-\itha. 
fad, to be lowered, reduced. 
jj2.yi: mahfdd, lowered, 
reduced, yiii- 6a/"(/, or 4ja.iji 


tahfyd, act of lowering, 

J«^ ( Ji*i ) hafaq (juhfuq ), to 
beat together, mash, palpi- 
tate ( heart ). jiiii inhafaq, 
or ^^^i■\ ithafaq,[o be beaten 
together, mashed, j^iitf 
mahfuq, beaten together, 
mashed, ji^ Z^tt/^, act of 
beating together, mashing, 
oliii- hafaqdn, palpitation. 
Jki^hafqy, plastering(mas.), 
enduit hydraulique, 

J^{J^)hafa(jihfy), or ji~\ 
ah fa, to hide, conceal; juc V 
la Jah fa /li is evident. j.^\ 
inhafa, or ^^iil ithafa, 
to be hidden, concealed ; 

begone ! go to the devil 1 
^^U^l ihtafa, to hide one's 
self. j:i-\ ithaffa, to be 
disguised. jii:mafi/"(/,hidden, 
concealed. j:i-' mithaffy, 
disguised, in co^njio.lii-fia/'a 
or hifa, secret; \i^\ ^ fil 
h,ifa,ov\ji^\,hil 6 lYa, secretly, 




on the sly. '\ki^'J\l.i\i>taqyjet 
el idfa, cap of invisibility. 

UiAi. fiafyf^and*..ii^hiffyja,see^^ 
J;. ( Jic ) hall (jiljill), or jiil 
inball, to be unsound, 
threaten to fall. J.:i-1 iljtall, 
to be insane. Jl^ Ijallil, to 
pickle, preserve in vinegar. 
5«: muliill, unsound, threat, 
ening to fall, jii; muljallil, 
pickled, preserved in vine- 
gar. J^ maf}l{d, or Jui 
muhtall^OY jy.^\S'-^iimuhtall 
essuAr, insane, lunatic. J\i- 
fiaZaZ, unsoundness; Jii- ^j. 
b^ttialal, an unsound house. 
J\i- ftaZaZ, insane, foolish, 
madcap.Jit^l ibtihXl, men- 
tal alienation. jAi^ taljlyl, act 
of pickling, preserving in 
vinegar. Ji- /jaii, vinegar; 
Ji- US^i- balldha hall, he 
aggravated matters,he went 
too far. 
:iU- 6ato, see ^ji- 

t,*^ /;aWs, see ^^U 

o!Ai- hili^f, see ^i- 

j!Aj- bO'lldq, see jU- 

J^Ai-fi-iZdZ, tooth-pick. 

Aj^Ai- baldja, see Ji- 

cr^*" ( ltM ) b(^^bas, to make 
mischief, tell lies. <^}i- 
balbasa, act of making mis- 
chief, telling lies, ^y^ 
/jaZ&iis, mischief-maker,liar, 
pi, ,^.^_'%' balabys. 
■la-Ai- (JaA^) halbat, or L-k to^&a?, 
to disarrange, confuse, mix. 
kli\ itljalbat^ov Lj^\ itlab- 
bat, to be disarranged, 
confused, mixed.^ mu- 
balbat^ovl^^'mulaljbat, dis- 
arranged, confused, mixed. 
i.JaAi- lialbata, or A_kJ:. 

JUcli-i^Z/jdZ, anklet, joZ. f}:»-%- 
Jii-ij^i^) bci'llid, to be eternal. 
i^U- liuUid, eternity. jJU- 
6(iZJd, eternal. 
,jii. .^V:i.| ((j-bic) ibtalasCJibti- 
lis), to embezzle, defraud. 



^;ibi-\ ifitilds, embezzle- 
ment/raud^ detour nement. 
^li; muhtalis, embezzler, 
swindler, pi, (jj-l:*: miilita- 
a^ <o^) hili^(j ihlas) ,io finish^ 
save one's self; ^^j JS"! 
a/fai we Ijilis, he finished 
eating. (ja.\i- fiallas, to cause 
to finish, save; Ija dLiU 
jidallasak keda, are you 
pleased with such a thing? 
aSj- 4J ^jA^JiCillas loh haqqohj 
or ,jlr J (_^\i. hallas loh 
tdroh, he avenged him; 
*cLiJ\ \c i_fa.\i- hallas '^alal 
badd^a,he paid duty on the 
goods;v_,l^i-l Jc ^\<;- hc-llas 
'^alalgatcdb,he paid postage 
on the letter;A._Ac \ y^i-hallasu 
''alih, they assasinated him; 
J^^Ji: v. I^jda majUjallasus, 
this will not please him; U 
b^:'l; ^.oj^y.Ao'ma Ijallasdi 
jiby bit tarnan da, he could 
not sell at this price. ^Vil 
ithalla§, to get rid of^ be 

saved. fjoAi tahlys, act of 
safety, deliverance ; ^^\ 
^^i- el fuUis tialds, there is 
no more money; ^^'<i- viijS\ 
el waqt hO'lds, the time is 
up;viJu»*>*<^ ^^/f-WmiUjaldsak, 
do as you please! do your 
worst 1 iy)\i- hulAs, termi- 
nation, end. ^U.MZis,saved, 
finished, very ;^1 U-Jr^:'^7c j7(/r 
hdlis^Bi great deal, too many, 
too much^^joi^^ij^pkuway- 
jis hdlis, very nice; J\5^d\ 
^!U- el foqdny hdlis, the 
topmost. i.^^i- huldsa, con- 
clusion, result, essence, pi. 
Cj\~a'^i^hu lc(sd t. j<^\i:muhdlsa, 
settlement of account, dis- 
charge of debt, pi, oLflllsS 
muljalsdt. ^!iU-l ihlds, sin- 
ce rety . ^Je^i^ m j< 6 Z is, sincere, 
pi, (jjJji muhlisyn. 
k\i- {\^<^) liakit (jihlit), io mix. 
Lliil inhalatjOv ^^ithalat^ 
to be mixed. J»^lii mahlMy 
mixed. JAi- iaZf, act of 




mixing_, talking nonsense, 
Ak\i'I]alta,a mixture; 4Jal.4.kU- 
I]al(a 6a^to_, pell-mell, topsy- 
turvy. 4.y^ /julta, or J*^:i.| 
ihtildt, social intercourse; 
t\ii 4.kli-^ji.JU ma lys liuUa 
wayjdh, I do not mix much 
with him. 
Ji.(^) liala' Cjihla"), to 
dislocate, unhinge, depose, 
dismiss from office, strip; tj 
<jfl.ij\ J ^ hyja tilila' fy 
er rag,^, she shakes herself 
in dancing( in an indecent 
manner ). Ai^ halla\ to 
dislocate one thing after 
another, mimic, .lil inliala\ 
or «lil ithala\ to be dislo- 
cated, unhinged, deposed, 
dismissed from office, strip- 
ped. pj.i: maA/ti',dislocated, 
unhinged, deposed, dismis- 
sed from office, stripped. 
^\si mulialla\ unsound, 
disjointed; ^ j\^\ y_,ibdb 
en nag gdrmuljalld\" shoe- 
makers' bairns are aye ill 

shod". Jj^ talily\ act of 
dislocating, unhinging. *jkSi 
tahly^a, a make-up, show, 
acting, pi. Jli tahaly''. 
.U- haV, deposition, unhing- 
ing, dismissal from office. 
ili-( ^li^ ) halaf (jihlif )^ to 
change, alter, succeed; ^\i. 
i^'j^ Jjalaf kaldmoh , he did \ 
not keep his promise. ^\i. 
hallif, to succeed, leave on 
one's death, have an off- 
spring. ^Ui-MZi/,to disobey, 
disagree, ^1:^1 ihtalaf, to 
disagree. ^%- hildf, or 
tJ!A:^l J/;^iM/',disagreement, 
difference of opinion; oli^ii 
1-0 bihildf keda ^ besides 
this. A.^i~ hilfa, offspring, 
second growth of sugar-cane. 
i-Jii- Ualf ^ behind; »jkui\ ^J^ 
half el qantarajlGwasiTQ^m 
the bridge. i_ili- /jalaf^sxic - 
cessor. ^iSi. fialyfa, Caliph, 
joZ.liU Ijulafa. i.'^\i:.muliAlfa, 
contravention, pi. wUlJC 
muhalfdt, -u^ljtf mablAfa, 




camel's riding saddle. 
•ij^) /icilaq (jiljlaq), to 
create; ^U ^^ j U;^l jU bj 
rabbina talaq ed dinja fy 
sitt yjdm, Rome was not 
built in a day; ^ tsV^* Ij ^J{ 
j^:al^ baqaja mawldja ka- 
ma halaqtiny, he lost all he 
to^^ to be created. jli^li^^aL 
tog, to be angry, be enraged, 
swear at. Ji\i^/idUq, or j^i- 
lialldq, creator; ji.W^ jUi-Ui J 
zayjoh el bdllq en ndtiq, 
he looks exactly like him. 
J^li; mahlilq, created, pi, 
kil»; maljluqdt, or j.i!i'i- 
baldjiq. A.i\i~/jilqa, creation, 
natural, countenance, phy- 
siognomy; 4.s\i- (2)_^ ^* huwa 
magnCin Idlqa, he. is natural, 
ly mad. jU /i«^g^ temper, 
disposition, character, pi. 
J^U aZ/idg; ^ ti^^\ ^ 
talla' ahjdqoh fyhum, he 
vented his wrath on them. 
^i-^ hilqy, natural. J^ 

liulaqy, hot-tempered, pi. 
A.2U hulaqyja. jU halg, 
crowd. J!>l:i-I ihtildq, lie, 

JU ^itZaZ and Jjalalj see Ji- 

^■i-hulu, see Ji- 

i^^^uldd, see Al<i. 

^Ja^ hulds, see jjA^<i- 

^{^Jhala (jihly), orJi.| 
a/)to, to evacuate; 4j.:r- J<i-I 
a/? to sabyloh,he set him free, 
he discharged him( prisoner). 
Ji- /.u7?/, to be empty. Ji- 
/ja/to, to leave, let; rj^'^ 
]}allyh jtirCih, let him go! 
z^i^s- jS^i- halldny ^ijyt, it 
made me ill; dl:p J^ 6«iZ{/ 
^annak, let me help you! 
let me do this for you! V 
'^i V J J^ to /( allaicalabaqqa^ 
he left nothing unsaid; U «- 
jJ.^!^U satamoh ma halla- 
liis^ he heaped insults (m his 
liead. J>i- Ijdly, empty; z^. 
^^W JU bdt hdlyes sakan, 
a vacant house; ^J>Je■ JU- 
/id/// (jarcuj, disinterested. 



impartial. _^^ hulu, empti- 
ness; Jtf-j ^ btilu rig I, 
purchase of lease. .^U- Jj ilwa, 
inner private room, bath- 
room, pi. >l<ljli- hilwdt. ^i- 
^ato, desert, open space, 
open ground, country. Ai/jli. 
^aZ(5.ya,bee-hive, pi. o\j!>U 
^aZo/d^.^ysim i/jZa, nose-bag, 
school-boy's knapsack, pi. 
J«: miljal, or J\i* malidly. 

A.iii- halyfa, see t_iU 

iXSi-balyqa, see jli- 

^^tJ<.\j- hamasyn , see ,_^>- 

f yJ\ i- bumm en ndm, lethargic. 

_,?- (j*j$) hii^'^i^ ( jibtnar ), or 

jC^I ibtamar, to leaven,rise 

(dough). ^?- hammar^ to 

ferment, ^v^l ithammar , to 

be fermented. o^ji-fiftmr^in, 

leavened. j-Jtf muhammar , 

fermented, ^♦i tahmyr^ act 

of leavening, fermentation. 

jry?- hamyr^ yeast, sg. »^i- 


caS^ ^ »jji^l ^Ja«> *-j wissoh 

jiqtdelliO'myramin elMt, 

he is ugly, his face would 
turn the milk sour.ji-fiamr, 
wine. ,_,?- hamra, wine, 
spirits., j\i-/jammdra,hotel, 
iayern, pl.^Sjtg-liammardt, 
or j**\^ boLmamyr. ^^jyf^ 
hamurgy, wine or spirits 
dealer, pi. ^^j^i- hamur- 

,jJ-bamas, or A.^i-bamsa, five, 
pZ. C.L.?- hdmsdt-y *-.,J4 ^j.- 
^i^to hibamsa, five para 
or five piastre piece, /)Z. 
(^w\> hamdsy. jS^i^s- ha- 
mastdsar^ fifteen, a}-?- 
hamsyn^ fifty, ctj-l'- barna- 
syn, hot wind, sirocco. 
bums, one fifth part, /)Z. 
^\^l abmds. , bdmis, 
the fifth one. ,j-:i^l f ^. y(3m eZ 
bamys, Thursday. 
jf-( ^^vi^ ) bO'inmin, to think, 
surmise, guess, ai^i-tafym yn , 
thought, idea,surmise, con- 
jecture,pZ.wL»^ tabmyndt; 
*j\ i^-^i- tabmynaki, what 
do you think? what is your 





^jyi~ /jamurgy,and tj<^hamyra, 
see J?- 

t^;?- hamys, see ^^^ 
;ji- bunn, poultry-house, pi. 
olii-l ahndn. 

jUi-^in(ig_, see j;?- 

yi.^( ^ii£ ) bannitj to copulate, 
render effeminate. ^;i^l it- 
Ijann it, to be copulated. ,l<iv: 
muhctnnit^ copulated, cat- 
amite. oli^fiw/K^^jCopulation. 
J:^i- hanas, catamite, effe- 
minate fellow, liii- hunsa, 
j^ljanga/-, dagger, poniard, 
pi, j>\:^}iandgir. 

J j.-j>- ha ndaq, ditch, trench, pi. 
jjUi- banddiq. 

xj^ /ja/'i. j?//',pig, pl.xj^'- bcma- 
scrofuld.t j^yj^ljan;syra,c\xrh 
of a well. 

j.^:^{^:'^) 6ansar,to embezzle, 
defraud. »^^i_-,i- Ijani^ara, 
embezzlement, fraud, ^i- 
Ijansafj tiio little linger. 

butcher's small knife, pi. 
j^\:.i- Ijandsir. 

.-iii- Ijanaf, twang. ^'^\ afjnaf, 
one who talks through the 
nose, fern. U:i- banfa^ pi, 
^i:i- bunf, 

^'J- bunflSfhl&ck beetle, sg'.^.-.iii- 

^yi'{^y.ii■)banaq ( jubnuq ), to 
choke, strangle, suffocate, 
jxi- bO-nnaq^ to strangle one 
after the other. jiU- bdniq, 
to rebuke, reprimand, jilil 
inbanaq, or j:il itbanaq, 
to be choked, strangled, 
suffocated. j;\iE| ithdniq, to 
dispute, quorrel. j^*: ma^- 
ntig, choked, strangled, 
suffocated, jii- /ja/ig, stran- 
gulation, suffocation. jUii-l 
ifii rrK:i^,asphyxia. jl;?-6irKtg', 
dispute, quarrel, row, sg. 
*5Ui. bindqa, pi, oUUi- fii/ia. 
g(2^ ; A.;Ui- <j. 4$w.u. miskoh 
minbindqoh, he held him 
by the collar. jiJ\ il:;. bunqet 
el yd, wrist. jyU bcinAq, 






Mr.Sir^dry goods' merchant, 
pU zX^\y- l}awagdt-j **r^^'" 
hawdgtoh^ his master. 
ij\y>-hauwdf^ see ^\i- 

ii\y-huiodna, see ^\i- 

c>y- ( c.y4 ) hawat (jUjwit ), to 
amioy, bother, disturb. ^jyi^ I 
inljawatj or ^^i-\ it/jawat, 
to be annoyed, botliered, 
disturbed. O^ys maljuAtj 
anonyed, botliered, disturb- 
ed. A)"y- liawta^ annoyance, 
bother, disturbance. 

Aa-ji~lt6ga* teacher, professor, 
school-master, pi. C>\>-^ 

liuydt. ■ 

^'^{^^)fiauwab, to he rotten. 

^yH muitauwal}, rotten. 
rj>- b^b, peaches, sg . ^y^Ijdlict, 

pi. d\i-y' boljdt; ii-y~ bdbO', 

wiclvet-gate, small door in 
a big gate. 
jf-b^r, periodical channel of a 
river, /)^. j\^\ abwdr, 
^j^bO'Warnaq, small cupboard 

in the wall, pi, oUlj^ 

Jjy-(jj.)'^) bdsaq^ to impale. 
3JyiMtb6saqio be impaled. 
b6saqa, act of impaling. 
J}j\^bci'^uq, impaUng ma- 
chine, stake, peg,pL jiJl^>» 
bawazyq-^ ^ij\i. ^ t^^l idda 
loh baztiq^ he fooled him; 
3iJ^ ^ f^i^i v.-*: jihibh 
jus&fhum 'ala bO'^dq, he 
wishes to see them hanged; 
J>j^^ Jc )) ^U\ ^ jihibh 
el \ilu walaw ^ala 6a*rtg, 
he likes elevation were it 
even on a gallows. 

j-iy- {jji)b6saq(waraq),hrown 
paper(for wrapping parcels). 

^^ b^s leaves of the date- 
palm tree,s5'. <-^j^ bM^', pl. 

ZXa f- busdt, 

^y- {^ y^)bauwad,io ford. Jty. 
b<^d, or Ja.iyi' tabwyd, act of 
fording. ^^ j4\ el bahr 
b6d, water is shallow in the 




J>^ lidf^ see vjli- 

J^i- ^awjaZ, see Jl^ 

J^ fi6ly, gardener, overseer of 
peasants on a plantation, pi. 
"^ y^huwala. 
<-".y^ bauivyf, see ^\<i- 

J^bij<^^, cucumber, sg. .jU- 
liijdra, pi. OljU- fiijardt. 

i»Li- hayjdt, see iaJ- 

JL;- ^jy^i^, see J.> 

JCi- Ijayjdl, see jjla?- 

aJU- hijdna, see o^ 

*t:'- 6^ 6a, see ^jU- 

4-^ 6«/-^a,weak,coward, chicken, 
jp- /j^r, see jl*- 

Ji^ (Ji-j^ ) ho-yjis^ to embroider 
with gold or silver thread, 
envelope with canvas, jjt 
broidered material. ,^\t.jt 
mudO'yjisdty, embroiderer _, 
pi. AjLiJtf mubayjisatyja, 
JLJ. fi^i, canvas ; aLs- b^sa, 
piece of canvas,bedwin tent, 
sack, pi. slAi^i-besdt. 

i^ ( iaJ^ ) hayjat, to sew, 


copulate. Jail itbayjat, to 
be sewn, copulated. Ja^ 
muhayjat, sewn,Ai»U.6y(*(a, 
act of sewing. Ji.^6^(, thread, 
pl.Ci^ bytdn; ol j<U Ji;i-«].li 
gctf r b^t el myzdn, dead 
drunk. I»ti. bayj'dt, tailor, 
pi. ciJ^U. hayjatyn. * 
bayjdta, dress-maker, mil- 
liner, pi. »iU,li- bayjatdt. 

J:*" ( J^) ^aja^ (jibjil), or J.U- 
6<^yt7, to daze, dazzle the 
eyes. J.iij inbajal, or jil 
itbajal^to be dazed,dazzled. 
Jilil itbdjil, to fancy; lit 
Aj j Ja-l^oiAi^l ana ithdjilt hi 
wdhid zayjoh^l fancy I saw 
one answering to his descrip. 
tion. J^\^ mubdjla, act of 
dazing, dazzling the eyes. 
i}\.J>-bijdl^ shadow, pl.Cj'i\^ 
bijaldt; J^l\ JU bijdl ed 
dill, punch and judy; JU- 
AtliU biJdl el maqdta, scare, 

Jj-/j^i, see ^U>- 

^6tfm,secret,thought; *«^ Ji-I 




aiiad Ij^moh^he sounded him. 

'^hima, tent^ P^- ff- liU^'^- 

^^'hijO'tny^ tent-maker, pi. 

A,i- /{ayja^noose,pl.^V.>liayJdt. 

^ = d 

b rfa, this/em. iSi dy, pi. J jj 
ddl or "^j^dula; l^ J^lj*^ ^'^ 
r(2(/j7da,thisman;Jj.j jl^-J^ 
enniswdn ddi,these women; 
b Jp VtZa cZa/or this reason, 
therefore; l:> Jc !:> ^- znm da 
%la da, from this and from 
that, mixed, middling; (j<« 1^ 
\i da myn da, wlio is this? 
*>') \^j>d4c 'aUk min da hi 
6, why should you take the 
trouble'? ^^^_ibl. ^ hull 
ma dajisman, he is getting 
falter everyday ; I Ji^i de/i- 
da, or t5Ji.»j(ie/idf/, what is 
this"? what ! 

b d^tjdisease/vice.pi.ollidatii;. 

\i (v_.J-4) ^^^ (ji''duh), to melt, 
be dissolved, be worn out; 

y^\ii j-* jjAJ /" ma^/i toe 
d&h, he vanished, he disap- 
peared. ^jidaatoi6,to cause 
to melt, dissolve, wear out. 
^jil j(icZataoJ6,to be melted, 
dissolved, worn out. ^jjJJ 
ladioyb, act of causing to 
melt, causing to dissolve, 
causing to wear out. ^Ij 
df^y i6,melted,dissolved, worn 
out; 4.) I J 4^^ kumdmoh 
ddjba, he is out at elbows. 
i^\i_ jidoioa bdn , act of melting, 
^liddb, custom,habit; JS^V *..lj 
ddboh el akl^ he lives to eat; 
4i* 4;l.> Jaj>- liatt ddboh min- 
noh,he is always down upon 
him, he is always hard 




upon him. 
, j\iddbir,see yi 
.jyb dattira, or ,jy\; tattira, 
^li (^5Ju) fldlj (juMh), or ^.Jtil 
indawah,io be giddy, sea- 
sick. f-3idatcahov dautoah, 
to stun, cause to be giddy, 
cause to be sea-sick. Ai-^i 
ddba, or Cj^;i dawalidn, 
giddiness, sea-sickness. 
^li ddjih, giddy, sea-sick, 
pi. ojii'j dajhijn, 

jjl;, ddda *nuvse, maid^pl. Oljl^ 

jli ( JJ-^. ) <^^'' (jud&r), to go 
round, go about; uJ\^:^ jl:> 
^i.J\ ddr hawaUn el bit ^ he 
went round the house; w«lll 
j^i elW'bddr, play began; 
t_,ai^( J j>.i rfc^r /li habs, he 
led a fast life; ^:fy.5 j)^i H 
lamma judCir we jirgcC , 
when lie comes back; Jc ^jj 
-T^^.; durna ^ala bujCiihum, 
we called at Iheii" houses, j^jj 

dauwar^io cause to go 
round,make round ,fetch;jjj 
*.._,J\ dauioar el 'arabyja, 
turn the carriage round Illjjj 
^\c dauwarna ^alihiim, we 
looked for them; .iJltpL-. ji:> 
dauwar sd^tak^wnnd. up your 
watch! 4j.aft45 j5.> dauwar 
loh ^aqloh, he naade him 
change his mind;^^i\\ a.» jji 
dauwar fyh ed darb, he 
began beating him, he order, 
edhim to be beaten. j\X\ 
inddr,ov j.^* iddauicar^ 
to turn round, be turned 
round- j_\^ ddjir, going 
round, working, circumfer- 
ence ; c>J\ jiji. j,_l.i ddjir 
maddr el bSt,a\\ round the 
house; ^\:\\ i:-^\ Jc j>_\^ddjir 
^alaalsinet en nds, talked 
about, rumoured; Jc<-.)U Ji-I 
-».-.?- j-Jj aAad fuUisoh 'ala 
ddjir Ijamsa, he received 
every penny of his money; 
j,J:> LJ\ e/ 'aja ddjir, 
sickness is prevailing. ,j/_b 




ddjra, circle, household or 
private estate of a prince, 
etc., pi. jAji dawdjir; jAj^ 
*j>^\ dawdjir el hukAma, 
government departments. 
jjjjj tadwyr, act of turning 
round, fetching, search, jn 
ddr, turn, story of a house, 
f loor , pi. j\ 3i\ adwdr; j)ji\ 
bil ddr, by turns; ^y J^-lj 
ifjji rdgilmin ddr?/, a man 
of my aige)j^j}:>d6r magna, 
a song. tj3^ ddra, a turn, 
a procession, pl,<Zj\jiidordt. 
C)^j3i dawardn, act of going 
round, moving about, rota- 
tion; C)\j}i j^-i^ minsdr 
dawardn, circular saw^. j\^ 
ddr, house, mansion, pl.j\i^ 
dijdr;^jjS\ j\^ddreddai-b, 
mint; jU j\M ^min ed ddr 
I'm ndr, hom the frying pan 
into the fire. ji.5d^r,convent, 
pi. .ji.jl adjura, or »j^i.s 
dujhra. jjSm mudauwar, 
round,circular. j>_x, mudyr, 
director, manager,governor 

of a province, pi. CJi.x-^ 
mudiryn. ijj>_s»mudyryja, 
province, pi. vI-V ji-^ mudy- 
ryjdt. j\'}i datiwdr, cattle 
pen. tj\}iduwdra,free life, 
libertinism, •j'jl iddra, 
management, administration, 
direction , pi. 'l»'^j^^\ idardt. 
(Sj\i\ iddry, administrative. 
ilji:idawryja, picket, patrol, 
pi. o\jj.}j dawryjdt. 

^j\i ddrig, see r-j.s 

^_y.\i (^J'3^^.) ddsQ'ud^s), to tread 
on, trample, walk on ; U ^» 
(if. J'-'^ihuwamaddssbity , 
he has never entered my 
house; 4:-l.> t^f- 'arabyja 
ddsitoh,he was run over by 
a carriage. ^')i dautois, to 
cause to tread or walk on, 
tread repeatedly. |_^|Jl I i/idds, 
to be trodden on, walked 
on. ^_^IJc« mindds, trodden 
on, walked on. ^^jj dds, act 
of treading on, walking on. 
*^i^ ddsa, Mohamedan cere, 
mony lately suppressed in 



which a s^h on horseback 
walks on men lying on the 
ground. ^_;-lx. madds, a 
kind of rustic shoe,/)^.oLlji. 


^1 J ddg, see ^jj 


jli ( J^Ji) ddq (Judugjjto taste. 
J'):, dauwaq, to cause to 
taste. JlJJl inddq^ to be 
tasted. ^\i}:i dawaqdn, act 
of tasting. Jji rfd^, or j^i 
«dg, taste; jjjjljrjic ^adym es 
z6q, rude, impolite; »_^L> 
ji'isdhib z6q, man of taste, 
polite; 3i-^,*^ fahhimoh bi 
:s6q, give him a hint! 

f '■> ( fi-^l ) ^^"^ ( jad^m ), to 
continue,last,be permanent; 
.Iji U wa rfdm, so long as; I. 
^tt» ^ Al.i ma ddm hawa 
faqyr, so long as he is poor; 
Ijs Je *tj ^jl m ddm "ato 
feerfa, if he should continue 
so. (tIj ddjirrij everlasting, 
permanent. Gtj ddjman. 

always. k.x.-^ mustadym, 
permanent; f^x..^ jt\ amr 
mustadym, standing order. 
»\)^ dawdm, or *«jlx. 
muddwma, continuation, 
permanence, perseverance; 
r'j-*!! J^ '^^^ ^^ dawdm, 
constantly; jUl ^» JU-I ^l.jj 
dawdm elhdlmin elmuhdl, 
every long street must have 
a turn. *.ISi dauwdm/x, 
whirlpool, p^ oUljj) dai<- 

O'i ( j: Jb) ddn (jidyn), to judge, 
condemn. j*jj, dauwin, to 
put onrecord.t^.>li«idat/ym, 
to adopt a religion, be pious. 
jtl.>l idddjin, or o'-J*^-' 
isiacMn, to be indebted. (J"jJl. 
mudauwin, put on record. 
jtJi. muddayjin, religious, 
pious. (jdU. mudddjin, or 
j;^.j.« madjdn, indebted, 
debtor. jjt.i dyn, or *ilij 
dijdna, religion, creed, pi. 
J^l^\adjdn ,0V Cj^\iidijandt; 
^J.^\ Aijj ^ 'aqloh we 



dynoh el fiiMs,he worships 
money; 4.:;j45 /Ai»l atalla^ loh 
dynoh,! will serve him out ! 
^^(Ci A. »^i jiby" hi dynin, he 
does not sell at a fixed price. 
^i din,diebi,pl.^,lidujun; 
So~^\ ijiJI ed din el muwah. 
had, the unified debt; tjiJl 
j\'J-\ ed din el mumtdz, the 
privileged debt; j\j!i\ jiJI 
ed din es sdjir, the floating 
debt. ij\ji dayjdn, or (j:lJi* 
mMdd.ym, creditor, /3Z. ajC^s 
dayjdna. ^.i d?'m, inferior, 
vulgar;^^^; bidun, without; 
^U\ ijji ^2;* ^^ htiwa min 
ddn en nds, he of all the 
world; j^^i U lihas dun, 
drawers; ^jIju. muddn, 

^^^iddnig, 1/14 ith part of a 
fadddn, pi. jM^^s dawdniq. 

K^\iddhja, sec j-i 

Jjlj [i^ i\^{)ddwil^or\i ^ i^Mddd. 
wil wayja, to dehberate 
raVion, pl.Zj'i i\^.'mudawldt. 

,^]}iddjih, see ^li 
'f}^ddjih^ see^lj 

ddjlr, see 


^Ij ddjim,seG ^'^ 


V^Cv^. ) f^'^'^'^ (jidibb), to 
tread with noise, walk 
heavily; a;U A_.i dabboh 
'alqa,he gave him a thrash- 
ing;^VI ^j dabbel akla; 
he bolted the food, wjp 
dabdib, to tread with noise, 
walk heavily, make a sharp 
point, v-^i-^* mudabdib, 
having a sharp point. ^_.j 
dabb^OT Aj-Xo dabdiba^act of 
treading ^^ ith noise,walking 
heavily, noise of footsteps. 
A. .Jo J dabduba, sharp point, 
/)Z. ^jlp dabadyb. 

wi rfibi*, or A.:, dibba, bear, pi. 
^o dibab. 

^\,^ dabbdh , see ^^ 

'c.\)i dabbdg ,see iji 

^\, i dibbdn , files ,sg aX id ibbdna , 
pi. zX\i dibbandt. 

^i {^^i}dabah (jidbah), to kill, 




slaughter, butcher, ^j dab- 
bah, to kill one after the 
other; ^ ^^dabbah fyhum, 
he killed them one after the 
other. fiS>\ indubah, to be 
killed, slaughtered, butcher- 
ed; f,s.\^^^hissij indabah^ I 
am hoarse. ■^j[Jj> madbuh, 
killed, slaughtered, bu tcher- 
ed. ^.i dabh^ act of killing, 
slaughtering, butchering, 
^lo dabbdh, butcher, pi. 
slaughtered cattle, sacrifice, 
pi. £lo dabdJUi, ^ju mad- 
faa/i,, /)i.*?U« 
maddbih. asI-i-. madbaha^ 
massacre, carnage, pi. *?|jut 
A; jjio dabduba, see ^^ 

.^(yji)) dabbcti-, to manage, 
contrive,arrange._;« ji ic^(/a6_ 
tor, to be managed ; j^ ol« 
A1.1 Ojol mdt mohammad 
Iddabbarct ummctoh, Ic 
vol est mortj oloe le roll 
jX, mudabbar or tnlddab- 

bar, managed. ^iJJ tadbyr^ 
management, arrangement, 
measure, step, /'i.^jljJ tada. 

j\tAi\ el Insdn fy et tafkyr 
weer rabbfyet tadbyr ^man 
proijoses and God disposes; 
A..j^\ ^|lj.:S\ji^l afjad et ta- 
dabyr el ld^ma,he took the 
necessary measures.j;Ji4ma, 
dabb i r, manager,economical. 
jlj ddbir'^ root; ,y\^ »k» 
qata'' ddbroh, he got rid of 
him, he exterminated him. 
(_^>:i dabaSj furniture, effects. 
^J.):>dabs, or ^jjii j^ hagar 
dabs, rough stone, rubble, 
i.\i{i.\s{) dabay (judbug), to 
tan, curry, is Jo I indabag, to 
be tanned, curried. «^y.J.. 
mad6^^g', tanned, curried, in 
dabg, or ac.Ij dibdga, act of 
tanning, currying. 's-\:> 
dabbdg, tanner, currier, pi. 
Ojtlji dabbagyn. Aiij.. mad- 
ba^a, tannery, pi. iilju 


^}\i (ji-Ai) dabhaq, to be sticky, 
gluey^obtain^procure; c^ j. 
IjOli min fSn dahbaqt da, 
where could you get this 
from? »_^ J.3 dabbaq mara^ 
he procured a woman ( for 


immoral purposes), j; jl id- 
dabbaq jto procure for one's 
self; ^\:$^ Je J j^l jl IM ana 
iddabbaqt ly ^akt, kitdb, I 
was able to obtain a book. 
^^jJl indabaq, to stick to, 
adhere,be very fond of;j)Jtil 
k^Ul indabaq bil tib^he took 
to play, he became addicted 
to play _jyju,madb&q, stuck 
to_, adhered. j-.jj tadbyq, 
act of sticking, adhering, 
obtaining, procuring. aSjjj 
tadbyqa , occasion , pl.^^\Xi 
tadabyq, Aii dabqa, addic- 
tedness. j{:>dibq, bird-lime. 

S^^idabaka,* noise, inconvenL 
ence, trouble, pi. cSCj 

^.^{iji-^.) dibit (jidbal), to 

wither, fade, decay. Jjii 
ddbiljOr J^^idabhXn, with- 
ered, decayed. 
^}%idibldq,covA of fibre. 
4j.iidJ6to, plain betrothal ring, 
pi. Jo dibal; ^)i,i itfi 'abbdd 
dibla, sodomite. 
ij^idibba, see w>i 
jy,:idabbdr, wasp, /)i, ^1,^ 

^y_i dabbus, pin, /)/. ,^.\o 

O'^^i dabuldn* see Azi, 
4«^.3 rfi6Z(3ma,*diploma,pZ.ol»jlo 

4*-),i dibyha, see ^i 

Jr^( J>ji>) dap-ai ( yj(ig'z7 ) or 
daggil,to cheat,deceive,gull, 
dupe; A^c Jtf-i daggil 'aid- 
hum, he duped them, he 
fooled them. Jj^Ju' tddgyl, 
act of cheating, deceiving, 
gulling, duping. J^^jda^ai, 
deceit, fraud, charlatanism. 
JUi daggdl, quack, char- 
latan, pi, (ijJWi daggalyn. 

A>-.i dagana, cudgel, /)i. wLi»-i 




dagandt . 

one's self to, go on steadily; 
,« J' J r-*' s»iqa'a<l jiflihh 
/('(Z '/rtr.s', he applied himself 
to the study of tiie lesson. 
^a»-il vhlahdah, to walk 
w i th difficuUy.w alk clumsily. 
i^Sa-i (lahdaha^acl of walk, 
ing with difficulty, walking 
j^:, (lakh, or jJ-.! dahha, nice, 

pretty (children's talk ). 
Ujs c/«Ms, see ^>-j.5 
jjo.5 (jjo-o..) flahdar, to cause to 
roll down /all off_, fail. jJp-jI 
iddahdar, io roll down;j>-Ul\ 
jja-il e^ M(7jr iddahdar, 
the merchant's affairs are 
on the decline, j-i^^Jt'O^w^^^^ 
dar^ sloping, falling off, 
failing. ,jj3-;> dahdara, act 
of rolling down. sy.Juj-j 
duhd^ra^ slope, incline, pi. 
j<^:,lo.j> dahadtjr, 

tocause to roll on the ground. 


y. j>' :,\iddahrag ,io roll.4i>j>-j 
dahraga,act of rolling. ^j>- .3 
duhr^g, pieces of dry earth 
with which cereals are mixed. 

(ji^:> ( JLvJj ) dahas ( j'ulhis)^ or 
^_^j (^/((ss (jidiss), to thrust, 
shove, insert, put between. 
JL:-a;| indahas, to be thrust, 
shoved, inserted, put bet- 
ween; iUil j (_r'--'^'i J^ 
tamallgjindihis fy asgdl- 
hum, he always interferes 
with their works. ^\i) ^^^\ 
indass wayjdhum,he joined 
them. J:j?-x.maf//iiis, thrust, 
shoved,inserted ,put between. 
jL>-i dahs^ act of thrusting, 
shoving, inserting, putting 
between. 4-3 dassa,ov *.^t^i 
dasysa, intrigue, plot, pi. 
jj-)L.s dasdji^. 

^9-j . yJ>o-i\ (^Uj^j) iddahlib, to 
beguile, practice on one's 
credulity; A.L ^Jia.^] iddahlib 
"aUh, he beguiled him. a-Uj 
dahliba, guile. 

0^>j dul}ljdn, see^^i-i 





Ji-j (Ji-Ji) dahal( judhul), to 
enter; rj^^i J*--^ "^ yhuvoa 
la dabal wala barag^he has 
nothing to do with it, it is 
none of his business; Jc Ji-^ 
Aio dahal 'ala 'aqluhtan, 
he threw dust in their eyes; 
Ji-Ji> Ij j-^S^^ gI qumds da 
Judhul, this stuff shrinks ; 

^ariLsa, he consummated 
marriage, ji-^ dafiljal, to 
introduce,admit; jiiU j ,jU-j 
dafi^fialuh filkigl^theY found 
an emijloyment for him. Ji-U; 
taddhal, or Ji-I^l idddhil, 
to interfere, intercede. Ji-I.> 
ddhil, one who is entering, 
interior; Ji-1.> l:iJ\ es stia 
ddUil, winter is approach- 
ing. J^i-JJ tadf^yl, act of 
introducing, admitting. J ^i-j 
duljul, or ^yi-j daljla, entry. 
J_i-:> rfa/ii, interference ; 
Ji.;> jj,^l U ma lus dafil, 
he lias no right to interfere. 
^^:> duhlci', consummation of 

marriage. Ji-A. madhal, 
entrance, door, interference, 
pi, Ji-U. maddhil, aU'a* 
muddhla^ or Ji-lju* taddljul, 

interference, pi. Zj%'\s» 
mudahlAt. J^i-Ji. madhul, 
income, revenue. ^..UUda/i- 
lyja, interior; 4ii-|jll Ijlti 
nisdret ed dahlyja,M\x\\s- 
try of the Interior, Home 
Office. <S^i-iduhulyja^ town 
dues, octroi, pi. wU^i-j 
^^:> iij^-yi,) dahhan, to emit 
smoke. ^^i-Ju mudaljfjan, 
smoked. ctji-JJ tadhyn, act 

of emitting smoke. o^»--> 
duhbdn, smoke, tobacco. 
j^Ui..5 da/|a^nf/,tobacconistj 
pZ. A._-i-\i-:) da/jahnyja. 4:^ju 
marf/jcwa, chimney,funnel(of 
a steamer), pi.^^i-ljumadd/jin. 
^i-j dubn, millet, panicum 
AiyS-:, daIjniiqa,ho]o,coi'ner,n\che, 

pi. JJU..S daJianyq. 
i}^i duhU, and A.l_,i-j duljulyja, 




see Ji-j I drum,pl.slj'^j:,darabukhdt. 

tj^idihijra, treasure, pi, jy>-i\ J»:'"j3 '■/orina'Z,* gallop. 

j-^( j-^:) darr (judurr), to 
yield milk, ji darr, act of 
yielding milk. 
Ij J rfwra, maize; ji Li lj:> r/wra 
sdmy^ Indian corn; A^^f- lj.s 
f/«/ra hiwiga, sorgho. 
ci.j}ji darah:2yn* railing, balus- 

*-ljj dirdsa, see ^j^ 
9^jidird', arm, cubit, pic, pi. 
f-ji\ adru; J.J f-ljj dir<l' 
nyZy =0"'54; tj jI (.\jidird'' 
balady = O-^ 58; .jlJii* j^lj;> 
dird.' hinddsa=0'"6o; ,Ji'\ 
(■\jj^\iaf}adoh bid dird\ he 
took it by force. 

Ai\ji dii'dja, see jjj 
v_<j;> darb, lone, street, pi. ^3j.s 

^ji ( ^.j^. )darbik, to make a 
noise, tread with noise. :^j.5 
darbiha, noise, noise of 

i^^ji darabuhka^ native small 

T-ji irj'^. ) darag ( jidrig or 
Judriig ), to include, insert, 
r-^i darrag , to cause to be 
accustomed to, familiarize. 
■^jM\ indarag,iohe inclu_ 
ded,inserted. r- J jl trfdarrag', 
to be accustomed to, fami- 
liar with, r-ij-*^ madrug 
or^jXiAmundar ig ,\nclnde^ 
inserted, ^jj., muddarrag 
one ^^ ho is accustomed to 
familiar with. r-j.i darg 
act of including, inserting 
^.jX tadryg, act of accus- 
toming one to, causing to be 
familiar with ; ^.j-^'^\ bit 
tadryg , orCfJjJ^" tadrygan, 
gradually. r-jA* mudarrag, 
amphitheatre, rjb ddrig, 
current, usual; 4»-jlj j^^ 
'umla ddrgafinrrenl money; 
^^jlj j,)J ».)j\ arba' qiwAs 
ddrga, four current pias- 
tres ( — 2 Egyptian piastres). 
tf-ji daraga, degree, class, 



rank, step of a staircase J 
moment,pl, wUj:) <laragdt-A 

i^j^ >V 



li dhir daraga, extremely 
nice;4a-jj J^l 'i^i^mahkamet 
auwil daraga, couvi of first 
instance ; Ato-ji oj«i ji raf 
daragtoh,he is aware of liis 
own dignity. 

^j^diirg^ drawer, pi, ^Ij^l 

adrdg, or t-^jj duriig. 
:>j^ dirdjOV iS:>j:> dlrdy^ sedi- 
ment, dregs, mud. 

roji(^jjA. ) dardah, to teacl-i, 
cause lo be experienced, 
^jjjl iddardah, to be 
taught, experienced, expert 
in things in general. ^-jjJI* 
mudardah^ experienced. 
A>jjj dardaha, experience, ledge of the world. 
J-iji ( ^■:'j-ii ) dardis, to chatter, 
prattle. ^J^^^jidardiki, chat- 
ter, prattle. 

f-jji ( f-ij-'^: ) dardim, to cover 
with earth, bury. ^»^jidar- 
dima, act of covering with 

earth, burying. 

(S:>j:>dirdy,see :>j:> 
jj:i[jjSl)daraz ( jidriz ),, to 
cram, fill to superfluity. JjAil 
indaras, lo be crammed, 
filled. }ijX, madruSj cram- 
med, full, jjj darz , act of 
cramming, filling to super- 
fluity. ,jji dar^a, crowd, 


^^JJ ( ^jJi. ) dai-as ( jidris ), lo 
thresh corn, study, ^j^j:) 
darris, lo teach. ^_y.J^.\\ iri- 
daras,to be threshed. ^j-^jJi* 
act of threshing, studying; 
^ji dars, lesson, pZ. j_^jjj 
diirtis. i.^\j:>dirdsa^ study, 
education. a-jJ., madrasa, 
school, pi. ^j\-^» maddris, 
pji'/i/'", cuirass,/)^. pjjiduru\ 
4.CJJL. m?;''/arra'ft,iron.clad, 
/)/. cUjJi' mudarradt, 

o-h^ (o-'J-^i) '/«''/^*'. SCO ^j 
iij^darfa, window shutter, leaf 
of a door, pi. vjji duraf,ov 




Zj\>j:> darfcU. 

J^jj::darfijl^* dol[)liin, pi. JJljj 
Jjidaraq, shields, sg. aIj:, 
daraqa,pl, ^\iji daraqdt. 

acU^o durqd'^a, part of the floor of 
a room lower than (he rest, 
pi. c«\cl'j3 durqa'dt. 
iiji .iJjj.1 {!^jJc,^adrak(jidrik), 
to understand^ perceive, 
attain the age of puberty. 
i\j\j^taddrak, to overtal^e, 
rectify what has been neg- 
lected, buy, prevent danger, 
meet the evil, take jirecau- 
lions. iJjJi:-! isladrak to 
perceive, retract an error, 
take J a. mud- 
rlk^ one who is of full age. 
il\j:i\idrdk, perception, age 
of puberty, ill J x-ltsi/V/rct/f, 
perception, act of taking 
iijidarak, beat of a policeman 
or a watchman, /)/. ol^:> 
i.j:>( i.jjj) darmctfj, to c.aisc to 

roll on the ground, smear 
with mud. k,j\\ iddarmag^ 
to roll on the ground, be 
smeared with mud. i.jAt 
mitdarmag, smeared with 
mud. 4*..jj darmaga, act of 
rolling on the ground, smear- 
ing with mud. 
,j:> darra,\)d.vvoi,pl.jj:darar. 

f )i t/ar/ifw,dram,l/l2thpartof 

an ounce, pi. ^\jidardhim, 

( iOO drams equal an oqqa), 

X>}j:>darawand,* groove, pi. 

^\X)j:> darawanddt. 

t}j:> dlrLca, see iSji 
J^Djidarwys* Derviche, men- 
dicant, a simple-minded 
person, pi. Jj,\jylarawys. 

4 J- {iJj-ii)diry(j idra) ,lo know, 
be aware ; j\i^^. vl^tji diryt 
bil/jabar, ^id you hear the 
news ? (Sji darra, to in- 
form, winnow, scatter, (ij'j 
ddra^io shclt(M",hide, defend ; 
»jlj daryli , or a.\c jIj ddry 
'aZtVt, shelter him! defend 
liirii! (ijljl idddrttj to be 



sheltered, hidden. '^jlj ddry, 
or ,1)1 J J darjdn, aware, 
informed. iSj\x> miidddry, 
sheltered, hidden. ajjU. 
m«(iarf//a, act of sheltering, 
hiding. 4ilji dirdja, know- 
ledge, experience., ijjid/rtca, 
shelter, parapet, entrech- 
ment, pi. ^\;ji dirwdt, .jJl. 
midra, pitch-fork, pi.wljju 
midrdt.iSj-^' midra, sound, 
ing pole, sailors' pushing 
l^ole, pi. (^;'a. maddry. 
^Iji dirys, dry clover; Jup 
4.-.)jjJI 'asdkir ed dirysa, 
plate-layers,railroad labou- 
*jji durryja^ see ai/^ 
*:ij.j dazzyna' see o j^j 
^i (^Si)dass (J (diss), SCO J^:) 
I A,\^i dasdma, see ^.-j 

o-i rfisi,caldron,f);^-j dusut, 

*u.j dasta* packet, quire, dozen, 


j^-3 dast{ir* permission; V J<^:> 

j«jW Vj j^:-:> c/aAaZ Za das- 

ti'ir icala hadur^ he entered 

without saying ''with your 
leave" or *'by your leave". 
f-^idasam, fat, grease. a.L^ 
rfasdm a, fatness,greahiness. 
^■^•disim, fat, greasy. 
j^sr^ disimbar * December, 
li jlia:-j dasuntdrja,* dysentery. 
*— i-j dasysttj see ^J^i 
j-i {j.^i) dass (jidiss),\o crush, 
to crush, sma^h. jiAi'lmdass^ 
ov ^xi''i\ iddaklis, to be 



crushed, smashed. 
madstis,orj.J^ij>.» m idasdis, 
crushed, smashed, j.^ dass, 
act of crushing, smashing, 
chatter ,prattle. j.\t:,dassds, 
chatter-box, pi. ^^j <.iU.a 
dassasyn.J.>^ii d js(/s,crush- 
ed corn. 

jUj d«sdr, 'uselessly, to no avail. 

Z,i-:>dast* disorder, confusion, 

^idusmdn* enemy, enmity, 

jLiij disys, see J,^ 
\cidu'a, sec c.i 



*.,\cida'dma, column, buttress. 

^if-i ( tr^-^i ) da%is, to look foi% 
fumble, grope, feel about in 
the dark. 4-.jiCj da'bisa^ act 
of looking for, fumbling, 
groping, feeling about in the 

Jtj( iJ.^-H )da'bil, to cause to 
wither, tliuaib.J-fr J Wrfda'"6i7, 
to wither, be thumbed. J-pji. 
m«da'6i7, withered, thumbed. 
^.c^:>dabila,Qc\. of thumbing. 

cr^j( ij-^-^l ]da'as (jid'is), to 
press, cram, cause to be 
crowded, ^..pj dasa, pres- 
sure, crowd. 

J(-i ( J^^. )daaq ( jid'aq), to 
rebuke, re[)rimand, curse. 
jc-ji;imrfa'ag,to be rebuked, 
reprimanded, cursed. j^*Ju 
mad'tig, rebuked, repriman- 
ded, cursed, jej) dct'q, act of 
rebuking, reprimanding, 
cursing. A,tpj(/a'ga, a rebuke, 
a reprimand, a curse, pi . 
oIjc-j da'qdt. 

kiiftj ( dUoi ) da'ak (jid'ak), or 

>Lhdalak (Jidlik), to rub. 

lilftji'l inda'ak^to be rubbed, 

iljC- A. mad'afc, rubbed, (dlpj 

da7f , act of rubbing. -iSCtj. 

daka^ a rub, a crowd, pi. 

oSS.j da'kdt. 
jjPj ( j^pJb ) da' war y to hurl, 

throw, cause to roll down. 
j^C'jl«rfrfa'tca7-,to be hurled, 
thrown, roll down. »jjPj 
da'wara, act of hurling, 
throwing, causing to roll 
jii j-^i) da'a (jid'y), to call, 
invite; 4 ^cj da'a loh, he 
blessed him; julc j^j da' a 

''alih,\\e cursed him; J»-j 
(C*'-''.* t/^. rcigul jud'a 
ibrdhym^a man whose name 
is Abraham. j.':,\ idda'a, to 
pretend ; A}e. j^jl idda'a 
'al^hj he accused him.j^c-ji:-! 
tsiflcZ'a, to call, send' for 
{ a person ). j^a.. mudda'y, 

madda yn; iScj-J^mudda'a 
'aleh, defendant^joi.^^ ftA« 




mudda'^a 'ale ham. ^/'J-« 
mtidd'y, plaintiff, pZ. ctjc-b^ 
whose name is. \ci da^a, 
prayer, .jc-j da tea, curse, 
pl.Zj^ jC'idahodt.iS ff^da^ica, 
law- suit, business, pi. iSi^^^ 

da''dwy',iS)^i u-^ ^' '^'-'^ ^''^^^ 
da^Lca,ih\s is not your busi- 
ness! leave this to me to 
settle! (ijp J fSjVafa'' da" tea, 
or (i^c.i -Ul aqdm da'Lca, he 
brought an action, he sued; 
A.I (^^ftjiSled da'ica ^, what 
is the matter? j.\:> dd'y, 
reason_, motive, pi. j^\;i 
dated' y; j-\j^ lldd'y, for the 
reason that. \c^\ iddi'a^-prc- 
tention, pi. wllcjil iddiadt, 

?-jc.i( f-JcJi) dagday, to crush, 
bruise, smash. iddag- 
dag, to be crushed, bruised, 
smashed, Ijcx. mudagdag, 
crushed, bruised, smashed. 
icjc-idagdaga ^aci of crush- 
ing, bruising, smashing. 

i^J^idugry* straight, Iruth^ at 

once; iSJ-i ^j^Mmsy dugry, 
walk straight! behave your- 
self! iS J-M ^jiquled dugry, 
tell the truth! t// j r-_;i- ha- 
rag dugry, he at once went 
outji^jCi j^i do;; dugry ^ on 
a sf right line. 
^J.'Je■>[ J-''(--^>, ) dagsis, to be dim. 
J-ic-jL. mudagsis, dimmed; 
i.LLf-x, L'JI ed dinja mu- 
dagiisa, it is dark, ^lii-i. 
dagiisa, dimness, obscurity . 

■ i,^ ( ^^^c^l ) dagan ( jidgin), to 
tlirust. iie-^dagna, a thrust, 
pi. C-lipj dagndt. 

^j.5 daff, iron knees (mech.). 
Is J da fa, and iAi^daffdJ a, sec j:i 

e-Uj difd' , sec »•:, 

O'fb daffdn, see j:> 

Jii dafiar* book, register, pi. 
jY>:,dafdtir.ii\i.Ji:, daftar- 
hdna, archives. 
l.yo.5 diftyria* diphtheria. 

^b f/fl/"a/', inflammation of the 
eyes (in cattle). 

i_^»i ( j_^sjli ') dafas ( jidfis ), to 
bury, hide, ,j-9J^il Indafas 



to be buried, hide one's 

self, ^^yA. madfus, buried, 

hidden, ^b dafs, act of 

burying, hiding. 

»»3(^jii) dafa' (jidfa), to 

pay. J.i daffa\ to cause 

to pay, push, .ilj ddfi\ 

to defend, protec^t; ^e .jb 

rfd/i' ^anny, he defended 

me. vju'i indafa\ to be 

pushed, paid, py-i* Tnadf{c\ 

puslied, paid, ^a daf\ act of i 
, j 
pushing, paying, t^^ dafa, 

a push, pi. ^[^:>dafdt; ^j>-\j \ 

A..S4II ,ji:p rdgil ^andoh ed\ 

dafa, a self-asserting man, 

a pushing man. 4.0^ dufa^ a 

payment on account, pi. j.3 

dufa , or >1*Ujj dufdt. «jju 

madfa\ cannon, gun, joZ. 

«»Ijl. maddfi' ; ^A. ^j^ 

darab mad fa , he broke 

wind, he became bankrupt. 

i^\x>muddfa, ovi^i:, difd\ j 

defense. ; 

j»3 (jjju ) dafan (j id fin ), to I 

bury. ^yjJl indafan, to be 1 

buried. oy-i^'i^acJ/'ilin, buried. 
^^9.i dafn, act of burying. 4a.> 
dafna, a burial, a funeral, 
pi. .l.U:> dafndt.c^i idaffdn , 
grave-digger, pZ. il\:t:, daf- 
fdna.^or Cx^^^daffanyn.^ij.* 
mad fan, cemetery, pi. ^\*l j.. 
maddfin. A.iyjL. madfuna, 
or ojjj difyn, pilaw with 
minced meat. 

ijylil) -vjjji ^ mm ed daffa 
lis sabura, one and all, 
without exception. 

Ji(^ jj. ) dify {Jidfa ), to be 
warm, jj daffa, to make 
warm. iddaffa, io warm 
one's self. Ja. muddaffy, or 
^;;Us.> dafjdn, one who is 
warm. Jl^dtt/'y, warm. l»i 
da/'a, warmth. a>1».j daffdja, 
fireplace, native heating- 
stove, hearth, pi. c\>}ii 
daffajdt.i^ji d iffyj a, naiiye 
cloak, pl.j\iidafdfy. 

^^^».> difyn, see ^i:> 

'ji ( -jju ) dagq (Juduqq ), to 




knock, ring a bell, grind, 
smash, play a musical ins- 
trument, vaccinate, coin, 
tattoo; J^=l VI ^J Jj daqq 
fyja ilia dkul, he insisted 
tliati should eeii^A.i\c^hdaq- 
qoh ^alqa, he gave him a 
hiding;_;ljJj j^daqq tilig- 
rdf,he wired;^J\ j o'j jU^ 
en ndr daqqet fit bit, the 
house caught fire. j»^ daq- 
qaq^ to insist, be precise, 
jjkij daqdaq, to knock 
repeatedly, grind, smash. 
Jyji4 madquq, ground, pul- 
verized, smashed, coined, 
tattooed, 'ji daqq, act of 
knocking, ringing a bell, 
grinding,smashing, playing 
a musical instrument, vac- 
cinating, coining, tattooing. 
43i daqqa, a knock, a ring, 
sauce for boiled beans. a5j 
duqqa, ground spices eaten 
with bread ( by the poor ) ; 
*'•» ct^-*» rnaskyn duqqa, ho 
is as poor as a church mouse. 

A.5j dig'ga,precision, exacti- 
tude; Ji jU naggdr diqqy, 
cabinet-maker, jijj tadqyq, 
precision, insistence, jji. 
midaqq, track, path. ajXi 
midaqqa, large trestle, pi. 
cXiX»midaqqdt. j'Si daq- 
qdq, hammer of a clock; 
wlsj <cL sd'^a daqqdqa,c\ock 
which strikes the hour, jj^ 
daqyq, minute, precise. j.>i 
diqyq, flour. *IJ.3 diqyqa, 
moment, minute, joZ. jiU.5 
daqdjiq, jlsjdagdg,lupines 
in powder ( used as soap by 
the poor). jl.i.> duqmdq, 
mallet, pi. oUl^j duqmaqdt. 
jAl:iduqduq, small, young. 
j^ (_,»aj ) daqqar, to press one 
thing against another. ^iJiI 
tadqyr, act of pressing one 
thing against another. 

*^i».5 daqsCim, small rough stone, 
sg. A*ylii daqs&ma, pi. 
kjU^^.i daqsumdt. 
^i ( A' -At ) daqlig, see r-j»i 

j\,»i duqmdq, see J^ 



j>j daqn, beard^ chin, pi. jjyj 
duqun]S.:Ai Jc dJU^ dihik 
'ala daqnak, he fooled you, 
he duped you; UU^ ^lidaqn 
el bdsa, blossom of the 
acacia Egyptiaca. 

^>:>duqqa, and Ji diqqy, and 
j.b diqyq and daqyq, and 
4.4.9^ diqyqa, see jj 

ilj ( 'iijb ) da/f/c (judukk)j to 
ram. dJS^ dakkik^ to insert 
a band into drawers, etc. . 
ilArl indakk^ to be rammed. 
iJ/jL. madkiik, rammed, ili 
dakk, act of ramming. ^^S^ 
dakka, concrete, pZ. O^f^ 
dakkdt; suW Jy a'Vs dakka 
fdq el 'aqd, filling in of 
masonry above the haunches 
of an arch, a.^^ dikka, 
band for drawers, bench, 
seat, pi. S.^=>i dikak. 
tii.5jj tadkyk^ act of insert- 
ing a band. )]s» midakk, 
ramrodjpi. ,:J^,midakkAt. 
CjtS^dukkdn, shop, pi. ujS'Vi 
dakakyn. ^_p^i dakdkny, 

shopkeeper, pi. i-:5oi 
jj:."V3 doktdr* physician, doctor, 
pi. ejTiS^ dakdtra. ^,jy^i 
doktoryja, doctorate. 

f:i{fA,)dakkar,io fertilize 
female palm-trees. jS^ tad- 
kyr, fertilization of female 
palm-trees. jTj dafear^male, 
pi. jf^:> dtikiir^ or .jy i 
dukdra; fi J=-'j rdgil 
dakar^ man in every sense 
of the word; aAj'^ ^^dakar 
we nitdja, temon and 

i^ dikka, seeiJ.> 

'^}y, ( Ja. ) dall (jidill),to direct, 
guide, indicate; o> Jc J^ 
dilliny "ala bitoh, direct 
me to his house ! show me his 
house! JJi daldil, to hang 
down, suspend. J! jrfa^if7, to 
sell by auction. ^^Mddallil^ 
to be amorous, coquettish. 
JjcL-.l istadall, to discover, 
find out. JVa:-! istidldl, 
induction, ' discovery. JJj 



dalyl, guide, proof, indica- 
tion. JVi daldl, amorous 
gesture, coquetry, feigned 
coyness. JVj dalldl, q\ic- 
tioneer,crier,pi. ^W.jrfaWa- 
Zt/n.'JV.jrfjMto^act of selling 
by auction, auctioneer's fee. 

aiVj dalldja^ see J:> 

jJ^ ( jJ->^i ) daldaq^see j.U 
JjjJ.1 daldM, see Ji 

^i(j_^^Jb) dallis, to cheat, 
defraud, flatter; .y^c ^^^ 
dallis "aMhum, he cheated 
them, ^j-'^-^ tadlys. cheat, 
fraud, flattery. 


Jj ( «'jLi ) dalla\ to pet, spoil 
a child. ^i\ iddalla\ to be 
spoiled,saucy, capricious. J J. 
mudalla\ spoiled (child). 
^^dala , sauciness, caprice. 
icj^dallu^a^ a spoiled or pet 
child. fi^dili\ insipid, 
J.1 .> ( j! ji ) dalaq ( judluq ), to 
pour out, spill, jjj daldaq, 
to spill repeatedly. JiX\ in- 
dalaq jto be poured out,siplt. 
jjjl iddaldaq, to be spilt 

repeatedly, jjju madlAg, 
poured out, spilt. Jj1a4 mu- 
daldaq, spilt repeatedly. 
j^a daZg,act of pouring out, 
spilling. *jJi daldaqa, act 
of spilling repeatedly. 

^idilq* long ragged cloak 
worn by Persians. 

liW J ( ilJA) ) dato/i' ( jidlik ), see 

A i cZaZama, passion(_in woman) 
for sexual intercourse. 

Ji dilu, see Ji 
sl^ ) :> dilwaqt , see v:,Jj 

J:)(Jjj) dalla ( j idally ) , or 
JJj daldil, to hang down, 


suspend, let down. Jji 
idcZaZZa, iddaldil,to 
be hanged down, suspended, 
let down. Jju mudally, or 

IjJjl. mudaldil, hanged 

down, suspended, let down; 
aSJa. Ailij ^Ij M/i widdnoh 
miidaldila, he went with 
tail between his his legs, 
oai tadlyja, or 4 Jiidaldila, 
act of hanging down. 




suspension. ajVj dalldja, 
watch-chain^ pendant of a 
watch-chain, pi. viWj dal- 
lajdt. )i dilu, bucliet, pail, 
pi. iHi\ adldw.JjJi^ daldul, 
tail_, pi. JjjVi daladyl. 

Jjj dalyl, see Jj 
'f J damm, blood; %.j A-ij v'lt^ ^* 
ma /'[/s /'t/ wisioh damm, 
he is shameless ; *Sc /.a. 6i 
damm ^aUh, so much the 
worse for him! let him goto 
the devil! k_Lii- ^»idammoh 
hO'fyf, he is sympathetic ; 
Jjr 44J dammoh tiqyl, he 
is antipathetical. (iyjdama- 
tof/, bloody, sanguine, of 
sanguine temperament. «j^j 
damawyja, plague ; A)yi 
^M-\j damawyja tdlidak, 
the devil take you! 

'9\':idimdg, head^ brains, pi. 
oUlo dimagdt ; *iil; ^cUi 
dimdgoh ndsfa, he is stub- 
born, he has a will of his own; 
dii-lo ^ ^ga ^ala d imdf/ak^ 
you have suffered for it. 

AlUj damagdna,or Ail.>l?- gama- 
ddna* demVphn^pl. ollUj 

^j.» J damas, fire place. 
/..i(*.jii)rfamma\to shed tears; 
«Ar. [JiMeddinJa bit dam- 
ma", it drizzles. *«Ji» m«- 
damma\ wet with tears, 
shedding tears. 4.«o dim'a, 
tear, joi- f^yj dumd''; U *:»*3 
^Lu dim'^etoh ma iinsafs, 
he is constantly weeping; 
*»o dun a, sauce, gravy, 
^i ( i.ju ) damag ( judmug )* 
to mark, stamp, brand. i*JbM 
indam/xg, to be marked, 
stamped, branded . '9-f-^* 
madmAg, marked, stamped, 
branded. A.i damg, act of 
marking, stamping, brand- 
ing . i^.:,damga,ori^tamga, 
mark, stamp, brand, hall- 
mark; Aio Jji waraq 
damga, or *iA Jji waraq 
tamga, stamped paper. 

vilij ( tiJl.Ai ) damak (judmuk)^ 
to press togelhei', compact. 





<iI«JiM indamak, to be "pves- 
sed .£5^. Jumadm?!* /expressed. 
iJL'J.* midmdk^ course 
(building),continuous range 
of brick or stone, pi. til..U« 
jf^'^ dumaksy * founder ^pl, -Us^ji 

S'^dimmil, boil, blain, sore, 
pl. J'^i damdmil; (j<c. Ic. U 
^\>M ga'ala^^n ed dimmil, 
he hit the right nail on the 
i.»idimma^ see ao 

j^Ai dimyr^ old fashioned jacket_, 
zouave jacket. 
»ji» .5 dimyra, flood time. 

'Cjidinn, cask, vat, pZ. Jl'^ 

(^3 dann, see j^j* 
.«l"j (ian<^a,or.jl!jcZa/i(i«;a,seeJ:> 
^j rfanafe, tailj^o >| xj^nigma 

umm danah, comet. 
£:> dirap'/ dengue fever, influ- 
Jf :> dungul or cZmp' ii_,axle-trec, 
pZ. Ja-llj dandgil. 

(Sjy.-i^ :> dandabAry^Tpoor^moneY^ess. 
^'jM:idandurma* ice-cream. 
J:.jto ( ji,JoA))(:Zandis, to load with 
jewelry, j.^-^* mudandis, 
loaded with jewelry. a^jJ^ 
dandisa, act of loading 
with jewelry. 
.JjJ.1.5 danduf, miserable fellow, 
wretch, pi. v_ijilb danadyf. 
d"^^ (O-"^'-^.) dandin,to hum.Aijjj 
dandina, act of humming. 
(iXj dindy* turkey. 
*-ii dinsa, slice, bit (Upper 
Egypt dialect), pZ.J:>i<Zma6', 
or otiii dinsdt. 
Ji ( J-^i )d.anna (jidanny), to 


bemean. ijil iddanna, to 
bemean one's self. e^l!j> 
dandwa, or »<1.5 danda, 
meanness, vileness.J.irZan(/, 
mean, vile, base, pi. iJ^I 
adnyja. Jjl adna, lower, 
viler, slightest;*!r'jildJi!r'lSI 
i«a kallimak adna kilma, 
if he should tell you the least 
[J:^dunja or dinja, world. 




weather, pi, zX^^ dunjdt ; 
ij> Ijjl ed dihja bard, the 
weather is cold ;L; j ^^ nets 
dunja, or iJj AU ^dlam 
dunja, a crowd of people, 
(^^.'o dunjawy, worldly, 
Ui duha, see i/i 

^Uj dahdn, see ^»i 

w^i ( ^*Ai ) dahab, {jidhib),to 
wear out. S*id<ihhib, to 
gild. v_^ ail indahab, to be 
worn out. ^jl iddahhib, 
to be gilt.^^fcJi* madhAbjOr 
(^L*j dahbdn, worn out, 
^»ji. mudhab, gilt. ._^i 
<ia/i6, act of wearing out. 
,_^.j dahab, gold ; ^*i i.« 
mayjet dahab, golden fluid 
for guilding.4.;»i dahabyja^ 
Nile house-boat_, pi, oL»i 

U»i dehda, see Ij 

jj»»j ( ^Jb ) dahas (Jidhis), to 
tread over^crush; *!«.».» o _^ 
'^arabyjadahasetohjhc was 
run over by a carriage.^y^Jiil 

indahas, io be trodden over, 
crushed. ^j*a« madhAs, 
trodden over, crushed. ^jj>i 
dahs, Qcl of treading over, 
crushing . a-^^ dahsa, tread, 

J*:, duhull, dunce, simpleton. 

j|d*j rfa/i Zy^,*vestibule,corridor, 

pZ. jOUi dahalyz. 
^2,»J ( ^j*ai ) dahan (Jidhin), to 
paint. ^;,*JJl indahan, to be 
painted. j»>i\iddahhin, to 
be perfumed. j^«.ju marf- 
ftan, painted, jftjumwdrfa/i. 
hin, perfumed j»j dahn, 
or (jUj dahdn, act of paint- 
ing. ijUj dahdn, paint, pi. 
ollUirfa/iandi. j*j dihn, 
grease, fat, pi. Oy^i duMin. 
jii jj> mtidh in, fat (meat"). 
4:*lx. muddhna, flattery. 
^j»|ji* muddhin, flatterer, 
pi. cfr^lJ- mudahnyn* 

iJ.>*'i ( Jy-J^. ) dahwil, to cause to 
be miserable, poor, wretch- 
ed, broken up, slovenly. J^*^! 
iddahioil, to be miserable, 




poor, wretched, slovenly. 
poor, wretched, slovenly. 
4ly»i dahwila, misery^ 
poverty, wretchedness, slo. 
</i((/ji. ) daha (Jidhy), to 
astound. ^^^^\ indaha, lobe 
astounded. J'-'^* madhy, 
shrewdness, fineness;Uj Jo-lj 
rAgil duha, sagacious man, 
prudent man, clearheaded 
man. a..*!.! ddhja, calamity, 
*:*'■> ti 7-lj ''(i'^ fy ddhja, he 
went to the devil! Jl^i ^^i 
fulits dawdhy, heaps of 
money; 4;ki Jc a:-*Ij ddhje- 
toh 'ala boitnoh, he lives to 
I.JA dawa, see tjj.5 
jl^idaauj^r, see jb 
^\iidawdm, see.b 
ajIjj dawdja, inkstand, pi. <Si:> 
diwy^ or C*Uji dawajdt. 
rfji (I) d(5&(ya),almost Just enough. 

hardly, when; U v_,ji I j'a 
ddbga, as soon as he came; 
ai^J^a liija ddb qirsin^ 
scarcely two piastres. 

•jli jj dubdra* twine, trick, ruse; 
»j\i^ Aic Ijl/' 'amalu ^alih 
dubdra, they played him a 
trick, they fooled him. .jljj 
dubdra, twos ( in backgam. 
mon game. 

0^!Jj dawabdn, see^lj 
■^■jj ddta* dowry. 

^j-^i:^ ( ,j->-j-i. )d6liccs^ to have an 
abscess under the nail, 
having an abscess in the 
finger. ^\»-.5 daMs^abscess 
under the nail, whitlow, 

o\^}idawa}idn, and ii-j^ doha, 
see ■i-\:>. 
j>'5j(jjji>) dauwidj to have 
worms, be putrefied. ^^Xm 
mudauwid^ having worms, 
putrefied, .i J .> dad, worms, 
sg. oji dMa^ pi. wlij.j 
duddi', »iji diida^ strong 




hohxi ■,SX-\ :i;idud elhikma, 
jjj d6r\ and o^jjj daicardn, 
see jij 
Jjjj ddraq, long necked water- 
bottle, /)Z. Jjljj dawdriq. 
Jojji dawryja, see jlj 
*•«; jj^ dusyna, or 4.^ j ^ das^yna^ 
or *i j,l> ta^^syna,'' dozen, pZ. 

jj-j^ cZds^ see, ^1^ 

Jijj( j-jJu) daivas (jidwis), 

to bother, annoy, deafen. 
J;, jjJ I indawas,io be bothered, 

annoyed, deafened, j.a^x, 

maduus, bothered, annoyed, 

deafened. ^1^3.1 datosa, loud 

noise, bother, din. 
jji..i cZi'fs,* shower bath. 
j-a (<ti-) fZos * ( lahma), breast 

of mutton. 
^ijidusak, small mattress, (for 

a chair, etc.), /jZ.di-iljj cZa- 

i> jj ( c.jjtj ) dauwa^* to brand, 
mark. Kjjl iddauwa^, to 
bo branded, marked. p^^Jw 


macZaatca^, branded, mark- 
ed, i^jj tadwyQj act of 
branding, marking. i.\^ddg, 
brand, mark, pl.>L,\i\:,dagdt; 
Aclj v_,W- g'(i& ddgoh, he 
subjugated him, he humbled 
JjjcZog, and o^s^j dawaqdn, 
see jlj 

<^i ddka* inconvenience, trou- 
ble, noise, uproar. 

jVjj cZaZd6,*cupboard,wardrobe, 
wheel, factory, trick, pi. 
^Jlj.s dawalyb ; ^Vji J»-lj 
r(ig'iZcZ«Z(i6,a business man. 
a) JO ddla, kingdom, power, pi. 
Jj.5 duical. .>l:!jj dawlatlu, 
His Excellency ( address of 
a field-marshal ). , 

f):idum, a kind of palm-trees, 
dum palm-trees, fruit of the 
dum palm-trees, sg. x»j:> 
d6ma,pl. c\>)i domdt, 

Cj^tjidomdn,' rudder, steering 
man, pl.K^Kt ) ^domang yja. 
CjiidAn, seejii 



*}^ ji dunanma * fleet of ships, 

pl.C>\^ii dunanmdt. 
iSi^ ( tSi-^i ) dawa ( jidwy ), to 
buzz^resound. tS^I ^ ddwa, io 
treat medically. t5jl:>l iddd- 
wa, to be treated medically. 
,\)\j>.M mudawd, or aijIjl. 
mudawyja, medical treat- 
ment. (S)\Jw' mudAwy, 
physician. (S):>dawy, buzz, 
noise, sound. Ijj> dawa, 
medecine, remedy, pl.\i):,\ 
iS:>dy,see \:> 
*.\\$:,dijdna, see ^\i 
^;) dyb^ wolf,/)Z. ^i:, dijdb. 
(2)11. Jj .5 dedahdn* sentry, sentinel, 

pi. c!^\tS.i:,dedahandt. 
j^idir, see j(i 
dLi dyk, cock, /)Z. iJy_ j dujAk; 

t/JJ "^.-^ '^^^^ rumy, turkey. I; 
Jjj f/e^, tail, train of a dress, joi. lij 

Jy.5 dujM. 
ijii dyn, see j;l j 
(ijUp dyndry* diamond (in play- 
ing cards ). 
^i^dyja, ransom,pl,,Sj[<jid yjdt , 
d^y.^dyiodn* sofa, settee, pi. 
olil^o dywandt; olji^^I/- 
tcdn, office, department, 
rainisiry, pl.,^i\sidawawyn; 
j\yl^^/'^umladywdny, coin 
at government rate. 
Cijlidayj&s, cuckold. 







v'j ( v^ji ) ''^^ ( jurub ), to 
curdle (milk). ^_\jrdjib^ 
f:\jrdbih, see <?_, 

*i«iljrd6(a, see Ljj 

w^jlj rdtib, ^j 

^^•> { ^ix ) '^<^9 (jur-Ag), to be 
current in the trade, r-jj 
rauwig^ to create a demand 
for an article. Sj ^<^ji9, 
curvent;^_\j*iy^s{iqoh rdjig^ 
there is a demand for it in 
the trade;A^lj4jl_>>-l ahwdloh 
rdjga, his affairs are pros- 
perous.r-ljj rawdg, or CjW^j 
rawagdn, good market (for 
goods ), good business. 

am^\j rdg'ttj see .?-j 

^\jrdgil, or J^j ragul, man^ 
king ( in playing cards), pi. 
aJUj riggdla. 4Jt>_^ marga- 
lyja^ manhood, manliness. 

i^JL..,j,mara mustargila, 
virago, amazon. 
^ji^ijL ) ^^^ (jur{ih),\.o go, 
JL.I ^j rdh imsy, begone! 
leave this place! 7-\jz^*)\ el 
icaqt rdh, it is late, it is too 
late; ^j. ^Ij ^\:^\ el kitdb 
rdh minnyj I lost the book; 

'drif juruh icala jigy,he'\s 
puzzled, he is not able to 
make either head or tail of 
it; ij^'^i-^'-j \>l <^na ruht 
balds, I am done for. ^jj 
rauwah, to go home, go to 
one's business. f_j fciyjah^ 
to give rest to, set at ease, 
settle. ^iJjl irtdh, or £jL.| 
istirayjah, to rest, beat 
ease. f}j rdjih, going, 
departing; Jfli ^Ij rdjih 



jdkul, he shall eat, he is 
going to eat ; ^.\j} U» j. min 
hena ice rdjih, henceforth; 
^s\=r ^.h tf^lUazkara rdjih 
gdj , a return ticket, ^ij. 
mtirauioah, one who is 
going home, one who is 
going to his business. 7-\)j 
rawdh, OT^\iy mirwdh^Qcl 
of going, departure. ao-\j 
rdha, rest, ease, comfort; 
Sx>-\j Ji- hn-d rdhtak, make 
yourself comfortable! c^i; 
i3~\)\ Mt errdha, or ^\ji^» 
mtistCtrdhjWaier -Closet J pi, 
io-\J\ Ziy-^, bujAt er rdha, or 
oUi>-,« mustarahdt-^ y}._.^ 
Ao-IJl jomin bir rdha, 
two full days, fully two 
days; ^IJ'; (ij raj bir 
rdha, flush irrigation. «o.ljt... I 
istirdha, repose, rest; j^^l 
*>-l>-Vl ddetel istirdha, 
waiting-room. ^l)"_,.mari(^/z, 
or f.y^~* mistirayjah, com- 
fortable, at rest, at ease.7-^j 
rf1/i, soul, spirit, pi. r-ljjl } 

arwdh ; ^jj ^yj rama 
rdhoh, he threw himself; 
^jjl Ji^j^ tawyl er rdh, 
patient, good natured ; AstiJ. 
7-\)j\ >!— •! tabanga bi sitt 
arwdh, or^ljjl ^^i o_^ /'arcZ 
bf 5j7^ arwdh, revolver ; 

^a/; ica Vtta rdi^o/i,he spilled 
the coffee all over himself; 
ri}\ ^^^\ ashdb bir roh, 
very intimate friends,chums. 
j\o-}j rohdny, spiritual, 
ecclesiastical. ^_j ryh, wind, 
colic, pi. ^\jj\ arjdh ; <i ^ a.\c 
^aleh ryh, or 5-^>_;> marjuh, 
he is possessed by an evil 
spiril;^l jl *•! jV' ^^. JU j.,iJ\ 
ei bit hdly min el arba'et 
ai'Jdh, the house is open on 
all sides; dl<^ J ,ai- hudoh 
fy ryhak, take him by your 
sidel make room for him by 
your side! 4a.jJ 4:, ^j^Ji Uri 
iCallim el ''araby minnoh 
li rdhoh , he learned Arabic 
by himself, ^^j ^^yha, smell 




odour, pi. ^.Ijj rawdjih; 
.^o-Ajij ryha /i/Ztca, iierfume. 
r\j ^(^yj'^h, feeder canal. 
^^ji-^ix) ^'^d (jiryd), or .jljl 
Ctrdd, to wish^ desire; y* 
\.*-iij'^huwajirydha,he likes 
her, he is fond of her. .slj. 
murdd, or.jljlJr(?f/a,wish, 
desire; a,.!- .jIjI irdda 
s«7if/ya^Khedivial order. 

^Ij rdsi/},see'f!'j 
is^\j rddy^ see ^j^j 

J^lj rd'j/, see ^j 

^'j( ^'jc ) raaf(jiraf), to be 
merciful, wl^ rt7/a, mercy, 

J'j( JJj: ) ''^9 (juraq), to be 
clear;jljj:,LJ\era{/y4ri r(tg, 
the patient is better; jlj J;iJ\ 
es si/^'i rdrj, work has 
decreased; «--iJ j\j \Uamma 
rdq li nafsoh, wlien his 
excitement abated, when he 
became quiet, when he cooled 
down, j'jj ra^aca^^to cause 
to be clear, purify _, filter; 

ojVI SiJ rO'U^'-^c-q ^l 6da, 
tidy the rooml j^jtarwyq^ 
act of clearing, purifying, 
filtering, jilj rdjig, clear, 
clear-headed, quiet, jjj, 
mtiraiucaq, clear, filtered, 
jlj rdq, layer, course, pi, 
Z>\i\j raqdt; Jlj ^^i ^_V 
^t6Js qamys rdqy, he has 
nothing but a shirt on, he is 
in his shirt sleeves; *i\3j 
raicdqa, clearness, quiet- 
ness;49l jj Jc s^'^ katab 'ala 
rawdqa, he wrote when he 
had time. 

<^\j{^>\x) '^'^QJ'b, to watch, 
observe. _»ljrl itrdqib, to 
be watched, observed. *..>\j. 
murdqba, watch, observa. 
tion. ^>\j. murdqib, one 
who watches or observes, 
overseer, controlcr,/)i.(jj.»i J* 
muraqbyn. ^Jj raqyb, 
guardian, pi. Ijj ruqaba. 

sJ>\jrdkib, sec ^^ 
^\j[ ,iy_ ) rdm ( jurdm ), to 
wish, desire; 1. 1 ji U Jc 'ala 



majurdm,Q.?> desired, good ^ 

excellent, f !_,- mar(im,wish, 

desire; di«lj. Jc 'ato mard- 

maky as you please. 

»_^lj rdhib, see ;>_iaj 

J^ijlj rawind, rhubarb. 

(il J ( t5^^ ") rda (jara), to see ; \j 

iSJ Ja tara, interrogative; 

g(//i hendk, shall I find him 
there'? (^j^l awra, or t^jj 
warranto cause to see, show. 
(itljT torctrt^to appear. ^Ij 
/tIj^ opinion, view, pi. »ljl 
ar(i,4j5jr^ya, sight_,dream, 
vision, pi, w\j'^j rujdt, 
^'}j f^djib,see^\j 

^Ij ^(^Jt^, see ^Ij 

^Ij rd.yji^_, see^lj 

^^,\JrdJiq,see jlj 

Ailj ^^ya, flag, banner ^standard, 
pi. oUj rajdt. 

IL.J ra6&,lord,master,possessor, 
owner, pi. v-.^; jl arbdb; A5l:i- 
\tJ\ vjj hindqa li rabb es 
sama, a tremendous row; 
^y^ vjW^ ^(^bbjigy, I wish 

he would come! b J rabbina 
or rabbuna, the Lord God; 
»J^I k_-l) jl arbdb el hiraf, 
artisans; JI^«VI ^^Iji arbdb 
el amwdl, capitalists; ^^Ijl 
4l.)-illar&d6 ed (iatoto_,states. 
men. jijrabbdny, natural, 
as the Creator made it. 

■^jrubba, or Lji birubba, or 
Icj rubbama, perhaps, 
\j ri&a_,money-interest, usury. 
J\j. murdby, usurer, pi. 
cc^jlj- murabyjyn. 

aj\)j ribdba, violin, native fiddle, 
pi. C^<}>J ribabdt. 

islij rtibdtj seeJaij 

4*1; J ribd'a^ see »ij 

(J\ij rabbdny, see *_^j 
??j ( jT ji )ribih(Jir bah), to gain. 
^ J rabbah, to cause one to 
gain. <ilj 7'diii^ or ,^Wij 
rabhdn, gaining, winner; 
aJUj A..J bi^a rabkdna, a 
profitable sale.^jri6A,gain, 
profit, pi. ^j\arbdh, A>-l 
is ii>6(i A, girder, pi.oWli^-l 




^y-j ( vj! Ji )fO'brab,io be fleshy, 
plump, i^jj ra6ra6a, fleshi- 
ness, plumpness, ^j.j- 
murabrab, fleshy, plump. 

^ J rtfes, 'material for upholster- 
ing furniture. 

t>^!-'- u^'.j-'' i u^\j\ ) itrabbas, to 
watch for, wait for, waylay. 
^Jai_\Jrdb is, or ^ja^yj^midr ab- 
bas, watching for, waiting 
for, waylaying, ^jtarab- 
biis, act of watching for, 
waiting for, waylaying. 
Jai j( iajj< ) r abat( jurbut), io tie, 
bind; ,1 j Ljj rabat wayj'dh, 
he agreed with him; I^Uij 
Jpj^iU rabatu es surAt, they 
agreed on the conditions, 
they signed the contract; 
*j)jP \ Ja) J r<x&a( 'ala ^ara- 
byjO', he arranged for a 
carriage;liij jy\)\el wabtir 
rabat, the train stopped, the 
steamer anchored. ia!j rab. 
bai, to tie in many places,tie 
one thing after another, make 

a bundle. Jaiyl itrabat, to be 
tied, bound. Ja'yl itrabbat, 
to be tied in many places, 
made into a bundle, ^y^j- 
marbdt, tied, bound; ^y.j* 
iJ\j\\marbdt le mijzanyja, 
the provisions of the budget. 
4.jklll \fyj.marbut el mahy- 
ja, the fixed pay of the post. 
Jajj rabt, or ia^j tarbyt, 
act of tying,binding; Jill ioj 
ra&( eZ mdi, assessment of 
taxation. Jalj rafcci^, thing to 
tie with, rope, scarflng,bin_ 
ding BionQ, pi. zMa^^rubatdt; 
SiJo- \a\ J rtibdt had yd, iron 
plates placed across the 
junction of two or more 
timbers for securing them 
together; 4^j>. l>\jj rubdt 
gazma, shoe-laces; <,y^ 
i>lji gazma bi rubdt, lace- 
shoe, lace-boot; aJj i»lj 
rubdt raqabd, cravat, *i»ij 
rabta, bundle, parcel, pac- 
kage, pi. i»>j rabat, orolk>j 
rabt^dt ; J».JI iLj /'a&^ei er 




rigl, putty. aLjIj rd.6(a,rule, 
rotation, /)L cX)ai\j rabtdi, 
place where cattle are 
fastened_, stable, pl_ Jail^,. 

^j ( i.)^. ) raba' (jirbi),io trot. 
•nc'oj ribd^a, trot. 

^j( >«»j; ) rabba\ to square, eat 
clover (cattle), sit cross-leg. 
ged. ^jUI istarabba\ to sit 
cross-legged .«) j> m i< ra ftfea", 
a square,/)?. vl^VaSj. murabba. 
^dt. fiiJL^ mistirabba\ 
cross-legged, ^j rub\ one 
quarter, l/24th part of an 
ardabb, pi. Ajl arbd\ ^j 
rab\ tenement honQe,pl,icyj 
rubxi'a.!\ »)j ribi' el 
qdma^ or a«Ij5\ p^^^. marbiH^ 
el 5cJm<x,(person) of medium 
size. ijijruUa, 1/38-ith part 
of an ardabb, pi. wUjj 
rub^'dt. »ij\ arbcC, or 4j^jI 
arba'a four; a«| j'^ I ^ ^M 
Jimsy 'alal arba''a,he walks 

on all fours; *«;jVl ^• 
muqatta" el ar'ba^a, thief, 
robber; ^j^^l f^ ^(^m ei 
arba\ Wednesday; ,_,jil «ijl 
ar6a'at/jii6,Job's Wednes- 
day, .slj rdbi\ the fourth 
one. uj^ji arbi'yn, forty. 
»..j raby'', spring time, 
clover eating. Jjl A:;jra6(/' 
auwil, and J^" ^.j raftt/' 
Mnt/, 3d and 4th months of 
the lunar calendar. i^,j 
tarbya, square piece, tile, 
pi. ^\j taraby\ or wL.;/ 
^.->( '^.ji ) ^cLb'^l^ Cjif^bik ), to 
confuse, perplex, bewilder. 
ciAJjl irtabak, or dJi>yl 
itrabak, to be confused, 
perplexed, bewildered. i!^j. 
mar6a/c,confused, perplex- 
ed, bewildered, ^jrabka, 
or i!L"jl iViiM/c, confusion, 
perplexity, bewilderment. 
\cj rubbama, see »^j 
Ajj ribba, clover blossom. 
y.jrabu, asthma. 




»^ij 7'a6^/i/ plane, jack-plane, 
J J ( (^^. ) rabba ( jirabby ), to 
bring u[), educate, train up, 
breed;4ajjj ra66a daqnoh, 
he let his beard grow; ^J cJj 
oil) j ra&6a loh sabAjin, he 
made customers.)^ jTlJ^rafefea, 
to be brought up, educated, 
bred. J.J. mirabby, or J_>. 
mitrabby, brouglit up, edu- 
cated, trained up; J,ji, J=-lj 
rdgil mitrabby ,a.n educated 
man, a gentleman. i,^j 
tarbyja, act of bringing up, 
education, manners,cultiva_ 
tionof plants, raising of 
cattle, kind of sauce ( made 
with eggs, lemon, etc. ). i4j. 
mirabba, or J.j. mirabby, 
jam, marmalade, pi. ^Vj* 
mirabbdt, or wLi _,. mlrab- 

-jj raby', see »)j 

A^j rabbyja* rupee, pi. sl-Lj 

-^'-> {^^j-Si'^ctt lib, to [ml in order, 

arrange, organize;A;»l«Al \yjj 


rattibu loh mahyja^ they 
fixed his pay.^Ty I itrattib,to 
be put in order, arranged. 
wJj* mur-attib, or _Jjv* 
mitrattib,'m order, arrang- 
ed; ^j. Jff-lj /'ii^/fi murat- 
tib, man of order, man who 

is regular in his habits 

-"^^ y 

iari;/b, order, arrangement, 
organization, precedence, pi. 
olJy tartybdt ; oUjj ^-iy 
t><.jjt-M tartyb daragdt el 
mustalidimyn, or ^jW 
J^Vl eZ murattab el cisly, 
cadre, establishment, ^j. 
murattab, or ^\j rdtib, 
allowance, pay, pi- olJj* 
murattabdt, or ^ii^j ra- 
wdtib; i^.i-ikl cA^, j.murat- 
tabdt cl l}idiwy, civil list of 
the Khedive. 4-;jrai6a,rank, 
grade, pi. ^j rutab. Uy 
martaba, gi'ade, rank, 
mattress, pi. ^^\j.mardtib. 
^j( '^jL ) ragg(jurugg). to 
shake, cause to quiver, cause 
to jolt, ry^j ragrag, to 




quiver, quiver repeatedly . 
2>> ragg, or ^j\ irtigdg, 
or <i>-j>-j j-agraga, act of 
40-J ragga^ a shake, p^. oUj 

V-> ^a.^'a, sec ^:-j 
k_^j ragah, 7th month of the 
lunnr calendar. 

^J^^x) ^'(^99^/}, to prefer, 
outweigh, ?=-rj'l itraggah, 
to be preferred^outweighed. 
^Ij rdgih, preferable, suc- 
cessful. f:j targyh^ pre- 
ference, probability, 

^j( ^rji ) ^'Wi' (jirga" ), to 
return, go back; 'tcs- «-jl 
irp'a' ^annoh, leave him 
alone! ^>^j f^j rigV fy 
kalAmoh, he did not keep 
his promise; Up^?._,. jo-j, 
jirga^ margA'na, let us 
resume our discourse 1 let us 
go back to our subject I ^-.1 j 
j_^«»-y vi<.»?-j rdsy rig^et td- 
ga'ny, my head aches again. 
r*-J ^oi99<^\ to cause to 

return, restore. »>-lj rdgi 
to check, control, repeat 
contradict. u^j\ itraga'',oi 
^j\irtaga\io be held back 
desist from. /i^>-l istarga\ 
to take back, withdraw 
^j targy\ of returning 
back, restoration. pUjUl 
istirgd\ withdrawal, c-^p-^ 
rugu\ act of going back. 
4«>-j rag'a^ a return. .?.|j 
rctg- r,returning,going back; 
^IJ\.&i> 7'dgi', backwards. 
4«?-lj rtJ^* a,receipt,counter- 
foil, pl.c^M:>■J rag'dt,0T^\sj 
rawdgV. ^>-jrigy\Yemain- 
ing from the day before; J:/- 
«j>.j '^s ^^5'/:. stale bread. 
»-j> mar9'a',placc to which 
one returns. 4.o-lj.m?/r(tp''a, 
repetition,cont rol,pZ. c-U?- 1 J. 
^j ( ^j! ) ragaf(jirgif)^ to 
tremble, shiver. 4i?.j rag fa, 
a tremble, a shake, /)Z. oU?-j 

Ja- J ragul, see Jo-lj 




^j rigl, foot, leg, pi. ujUj 

'afo riglakj wc will foot it 
together, I shall not let you 
out of my sight ; J^-j a! ^}*'' 
fv:'. <^ ''arnal loh rig I, fy 
bethumjiiehfisgoia footing 
in their house; 5] IJil J J»-j ■*) 
loh riglfil masdla, he has 
a finger in the pie ; J ?-lj 
(j;(jUJI rdh fir rlglen, he 
came to grief between two 
stools; (Jt<Wj ^^U k_/JLSCl\ eZ 
kidbmaUis rigl^n, liars 
have short wings; t_iki-l 
^L<\\ J c-Uj ilS.^j ibtaf 
riglak toe hdt ly elkitdh, 
lift up your heels and get 
me the book quickly !UI\ M-\ 
4.Uj Jc aliad el '^aja 'ala 
rigl^h, he passed the sick- 
ness ofi" his legs; J j\.c>-j iia- 
^^\hatt rig loh filhamsyn, 
he has just turned fifty years; 
JrjJ^-J'J^ fV qobui^l>n cl 
balad ^ala rigl, he aroused 
the [jopulacc ; Mi> Jy ''A'rjj 

toe rigloh fdq qafdh,w\\ly- 
nilly; jijj\ jff-j rif/Z el 'aqd, 
4o-j rigla, purslane. 
(TJ ( f=rj! ) r(^9(^rn (jirgim ), to 
stone. >-j\ itragam, to be 
stoned, p?-j.ma7'g'rm_,stoned. 
>-j ragm, act of stoning. 

^iTjrtigii', see ^j 
t^J . J7jJHcr>l)«^^«9'5'«,to beg, 
I beg you, please! Uj ra^/a, 
prayer, request, hope, pi, 
Cj\j!^j ragawdt; j>-j[\ el 
margu, the favour asked; 
'Cj^a>-j, j^).\ elmargamin 
hadritkum, I beg you, you 
are requested. 

^j rigy' see ^j 

ajUj rahdja, a hand-mill, pZ. 
wl)Uj rahajdt. 

w»-j ( ^»-j'. ) rahhab ,or ^^ ^-^j^^ 
itrahhab bi, to welcome. 
L>-_^ marhaba^ welcome ! 
d)bl>-y marhabdbak, you 
are welcome! witli all my 
heart! ,_^»-jl irhib, you arc 




welcome! I 8m glad to 
see you I 
A^j rahabttj open space. 
rfji^T-j'-x) rahrah, to make 
flat or thin ( dough ). rj>-j' 
murahrah^ flat^ thin. ii>-j>-j 
rahraha, act of making flat 
or thin. 
J»-j ( ^j_ )rah}ial,io expatriate, 
send one on a journey, pro- 
vide one with the necessaries 
of a journey. Ja-yl itrahhal, 
to he expatriated, sent on a 
journey, provided with the 
necessaries of a journey. 
J.»j: tarhyl, expatriation, 
act of sending one on a jour- 
ney, providing one with the 
necessaries of a journey, 
4l._=-J ^ar/!t/Z(X _,necessaries of 
a journey. 
2-jip^:) ^^(^ham (jirham ), to 
have pity, have mercy, "j 
rahham, to show compas- 
sion ; c-AI Jc ^j rahham 
'alal mayjet, to pray for 
the dead, give alms for t lie 

sake of the dead. j^j\ itra- 
ham, to be pitied. j>->-l 
istarham, to ask for mercy, 
pray, ^^^y marMm, pitied; 
(SJ^\i cy^J^' ^l marMm 
wdldy, my late father, my 
late lamented father, ^^j 
tarhytn, act of praying for 
the dead, giving alms for the 
sake of the dead.^s-jra/ima, 
or marhama^ pity, 
mercy, compassion, tjul ,vj 
^>-}\ (j^Jl hism illdh er 
rahmdn er rahym, in the 
name of God, the merciful, 
the compassionate; Jc Ji 

ffj^'. u^J^'. '^'"^ '7"^ 'otto 
fulusak j'a rahmdn ja 
rahym, you may whistle for 
your money. 

^ji-j rahma, see >-j 

t,-> ( c^. ) ^'"^'^' ^ jii^^'uhh )> 


shower. ?-j^j raljrah, to 
loosen. f-j^j\ itrahrah, to 
to be loosened. i-j>~ymurah. 
rah. loosened, ti-j rahha, a 
sho\\er, pi, cX-j rabhdt. 



4i-j^j raljraba, act of 
loosening, looseness. 
Uj m/ja, see j-j 
»l<i-j rtiljdm, see >-j 
t/^J ( o^'-j'. ) ''f^i^'? (jii'ha^), to 
be cheap, ^^a-i-j rabbas, to 
reduce the price, allow, 
permit, authorize, ^i-lyl 
itrdfiis, to bemean one's 
self, be cheeky. ,jAi->-l 
istarhas, to consider cheap. 
,ja..i- y ^a r/z f/.;i;,act of reducin g 
the price, allowing, permit- 
ting, authorizing, ^^ai-j 
fii/is, cheapness of price. 
4.->lo-j ralsdsa, cheapness of 
price,meanness. ^■^jt'ihy^y ' 
cheap, mean, pi, ^je'^^jruhds, j 
A-ai-j ruhsa^ permission, 
permit, leave, authority, pi. 




rah ham, to pave 

with marble. >_,:! itrafi/iam, 
to be paved, i-ymurahljam, 
paved. ^i-jT tarfiym, act of 
paving. Ji-j r«Mm, marble. 
A,\i-j juhdma, a slab of 

marble, pi. wUU-j riihamdt. 
>y murabfici'm, or J\^j» 
muralj/jamdty, one who 
hews marble, pZ. uj^j* 
mtirahhamyn J or oIp-j. 

J- A J- J. ) ''^^a (jir^y) or 
rahjha^to loosen,relax,!eave, 
drop down ; 4;ij ^^i-J ra^a 
dagnoh, he let his beard 
grow; juLfr i~j raha "en^h, 
he dropped his eyes. ^j\ 
itraha, to be loosened, 
relaxed, left,dropped down, 
flabby, j-y marhy, loose, 
relaxed, dropped down, 
suspended, impotent. U-j 
jaha, ease, comfort, abun- 
dance, luxury. A.i-j: tarhyja, 
act of loosening, dropping 
do wn,relaxation.\tf jl irt iba, 
relaxation, languor. 
jjaJ-j rifiys, see ^aa-j 

.5j( jj, ) radd ( jurudd ), to 
reply, bring back ; s_/lJ\ jj 
rafZf? ei M6, shut the door! 
keep the dooi- a-jnr! '^ j . 




*%J\radd ^alayja es saldm, 
he returned my salute ; *s-3j 
A J sZjij rdhoh raddet fyh^ 
he revived. :ij\ itradd, to 
be brought back_, shut. 'aTjI 
irtadd, to go back, revert. 
i':,j\ itraddid, to frequent, 
hesitate. j>-l istaradd^to 
take back, recall. :>):>j» 
mardAd, replied, brought 
back,shut. i:,^>mutraddid, 
frequenting, hesitating, jj 
/•add, act of replying, bring, 
ing back, shutting; ^jr-add, 
I'eply^pi. i3ij rudiid;^\ij 
radd el fi^l, reaction; ^j 
C.j-a5i radd e.s s6t, echo; ',^j 
Jj-JI raddet er rigl^retuvn 
of a call; ojljj; , jl- satra bi 
radditdn, double-breasted 
coat, iij taraddud, act of 
frequenting, hesitation. 

.jbj raddwa, badness, wicked- 
ness, (iij/'ftdf/, bad, wicked, 
pi. Ijjjl ardija. 

r^ijirij.) radah(jirdah), to 
upbraid in a vulgar or 

insolent manner, ^^j radh^ 
act of upbraiding, j.-l'ij 
radddh, vulgar, insolent 
person,pi.t?<?-(^j raddahyn. 
r^j ■ r^j^ {r^y^.^ itradah {jit- 
ridih,), to be in a trance 
(from illness).^jj,_y.mard^6, 
one who is in a trance, ti-^j 
radha, a trance, pi. zJ^ij 

j. jj rads, rubbish,ruins,remains^ 
ballast, debris. 

ojj ridf, haunches, hind parts, 

pi. ijliji arddf. 
&ij ( r^x ) ''ecdam {jirdim ), to 
fill up ( with earth ). »ij\ 
itradam, to be filled up. 
^}ij> mordunij filled up. 
|.jj radm, act of filling up, 
debris, rubbish; ^iji ji»- 
hafr we radm, earthwork. 
tij radda, bran. 

iSij rady, see ,jljj 

^lij /irff/^army reserve, militia. 

Jij ( ^}':iJ•.)rassil,io reprimand, 
blame in harsh words. JijTl 
itrasziljio be reprimanded. 




blamed. Jilyl itrd^il, to 
bemean one's self^be insolent, 
be abusive. Jiij* iar-^yl^act 
of reprimanding, blaming 
in harsh words. ^iSyto/'j^- 
ki, a reprimand, a reproach, 
a disgrace, pi. O^Aiij tar- 
:r yldt .^i\ijra^dla,me3.nness, 
baseness,insolence,pi. O'y IS J 
razaldt. Jij rasil, or Joj 
rasyl, mean, base, abusive, 
insolent, pi. VSj ruzala, or 
jjjJSj rizlyn. 
jj rusz, rice, 5gf. »jj ruz^a^ 
pi. sl»ljj ruzzdt.tjj ruzsa, 
a gentle slap, pi. ^Ijj 
russdt; ,jj ruzza, hinge, 
pl.jjj rusas. 

jljj razzdq, see jjj 

*;ljj rasdna, seriousness, sole m. 
nity, dignity of manner. j;jj 
rasyrij serious, solemn, 
grave, pi. iijj riuana. 

Jatijj ru:shyt, or \a^j rusbyt* 
extra, reserve, duplicate, 
spare piece of machinery; 
Jfl,.i-.j ^\< mahasibgy rus. 

byt, comptable de reserve. 

^Jj( ^Jx ) '■<*-<^' (jirza' ), to 
knock down; v_*U\ ?• jj ra^a' 
t?i M&,he slammed the door. 
^jj\it7'aza\tohe knocked 
down; U* P-jJ^ itrizi" hena, 
put yourself here! f jjj» 
marzu, or f-J>. mitrizi , 
knocked down, cjj raz\ 
act of knocking down. 

3jA Jjji ) razaq(jurzuq), to 
grant, provide for. JJ^I 
itrazaq, to be granted, 
provided for. Jj>-I istar- 
zaq, to gain one's living, 
obtain the necessaries of life. 
Jjj ^J'5'^, means of living, 
share, gift, property, pi. 
jljjl arzdq- jljjl .^U 
sdhib ar^'(:lg,proprietor;*jjj 
<ull Jc risqoh ^ala alUXh, he 
puts his confidence in God ; 
jjjl «ki *i^ wiksoh jiqta'^ 
er rizq, he is a bird of ill- 
omen. j\jj razzdq, one 
who provides (God). 

^»jjruzma* parcel, package. 




bundle, pi, ^jj ruzam. 
oLJjrazyrijSee *i\jj 
4SLj risdla^ see J-.j 
j.Lj rassdm^see ^-j 
Ja.:x-.j rusbyt* see Jaj Jj 
J'-j • J->l ( Jt-y^i ) itrastaq, 
to be well off, possess capital 
(money). j:-«>« muirastaq, 
well off, possessing capital. 
4.4:^j rasiaqa, prosperity, 
possession of capital (money). 
'fj ifji) rasaJj. (Jirsali)^ to 
be firm, solid ; Jc ^i^j ^l^'^l 
Ja«. eZ a/fto rasaliet "ala 
mVdity, the meal lies heav- 
ily on my stomach. 4i"l;r(tsi/i, 
firm, solid, ^yj rusdli, 
firmness, solidity. 
(j«i^^ risrds, native glue, colle 
J-J .J-j' f J-ji) «^saZ, (jirsil), 
to send, despatch. J^-j* 
marsM, sent, despatched, 
JUjl irs(iZ, act of sending, 
despatching. A._JLji irsait/ya, 
expedition_, mission, pi, 
cA)\'*j\irsalyjdt, ^y,jrasM, 

messenger, prophet, />^. J-j 
rusul. ^}■^J» mursal, envoy, 
missionary, pl,^^j.mursa- 
lyn, fy''\j' murdsil, corres- 
pondent, reporter, pZ.t>vL.lj. 
muraslyn. ^J-lj. murdsla, 
correspondence, pi. yl>'^^\j' 
murasldt ; 4-*j* (sj^^ '«s- 
kary miirdsla, orderly 
soldier. JLy mirsfiZ, mes- 
senger, pi. J;-lj* marasyl. 
4jLj risdla, message, mis- 
sive, epistle, expedition, pi. 
•lM\^j risaldt, or J;Uj 
A-^j ( ^«j. ) rasam (jirsim), to 
draw, sketch, paint, pho- 
tograph, ordain. .^J\ itra- 
sam, to be drawn,sketched, 
painted, photographed, or- 
dained. j>^-.j,mflrsiim,drawn, 
sketched, painted, photo- 
graphed, ordained, ^j 
rasm, act of drawing, 
sketching, painting, pho- 
tographing, ordination; ^^j 
rasm, drawing, sketch. 




painting, photography pl^n, ryj rusuh, see <^j 
pi, c\»yj rusumdt; x«j^ J>-j rasiii, see J-.j 

rasm, fee, tax, toU^ duty, ! 
/)i. .^-.j rusicm: j>\ ^jvasm 
ufuqy, horizontal plan ; .^j 
(3-1 J rasm rdsy, vertical 
plan;(^jkl .^jrasmncisary, 
sketch;J/' ..^jrasm 'amaly, 
scaled plan- ~,j rasm, 
address; Ji\i\ ^^j v-^lyr 
gacvdb bl rasm en ndzir , a 
letter to the address of tlie 
Minister. jT'j rasm f/,official; j 
J^j jrvc. (j^r rasmy, demi- 
official ; ^j ijji loaraqa 
rasmyja, document; ^^CjaIju 
badla rasmyja, uniform. 
*l-j rassdm, draughtsman, 
pi. oj«l-j rassamyn. ^^j 
rassym, painter^ artist, pi. 
(JiT'j rcLssymyn 

Jc"j(JCj,_) rasmil. to give 
capital (money). Jcjl itras. 
mil, to have capital. Jk-jU 
mitrasmil, possessing capi. 
tal. J^t-j rismdl, capital. 

^ J rasmy, see .*j 


<3-j( t5-jt ) f^isyCjirsy),io settle 
upon, decide, understand, 
agree with, cast anchor;\:x-j 
\>'!^\a risyna 'ala kald- 
moh, we understood what 
he said; ajJ Jc l^yj risytu 
^ala i, what have you 
decided or agreed upon? jljil 
I J J jUU Jo ^jclmazdd risy 
"alal muqdwil da, the 
contract fell to this contrac- 
tor. J-j rassa, to acquaint 
with, explain; -«ll-.U Jc ^.-j 
rassyhum ^alal masdla, 
explain the case to them! 
j^wlj rdsy, settling upon, at 
anchor, agreeing, au cou- 
rant; JiiW Jc ^^-Ijl;! ana 
rdsy 'alal kigl, I am au 
courant of the work, I am 
well ui) in the business, is'y 
mirsa, anchor, port, pi. 
^^\y mardsy. 
^j rassym, sec ~.j 
J' J ( J-x ) rai&(juru§^),ovJ.j^j 




rasras, to sprinkle, water. 
j.j\ itrass, to be sprinkled, 
watered. ^J-y^j' marsiis, 
sprinkled_,watered. j-j rass, 
or <^j^j rakrasa, act of 


sprinkling, watering; X.,je- 
j^Jarabyjet rass, watering 
cart.iij rassa, a sprinkling, 
a watering, pi, oUj rassdt, 

J- J. Vj-'*i r'-* ^^'^ Jidrab 
mirass, he went to urine. 
4i.j. mirassa^ watering pot, 
pi. Zj\^ymirassdt. 

j-j j'ass, small shot. 

JUj T^a.idl^ rivei' dog. 
f^j ( f^j*. ) /'ft.sft/i (jirsah), to 
ooze, leak. «i^j rassah, lo 
liave a cold in the head. «^_,. 
murassah, one who has a 
cold in the head. J'j rash, or 
^ j tarsyh, oel of oozing, 
leakage, a cold in the head. 

Jiij . Aijl (Ji-ij:) arsad(jirsid), 
to guide, direct. Jii>-.l 
istarsid,io ask for guidance, 
.slijl irsdd^ guidance, indi- 
cation, pZ. »i.bUjl irsaddt. 

si J. mursid, guide, leader 

in prayer^ pi, ji^-ij. mursi- 

dyn. JiJij rukl, adult age; 

Jt-iJI j^ sinn cr rasd-, age 

of discretion, 
xij ( ,^j,_ ) rakim( Jirsim j, to 

make the sign of the cross. 

^■Zj rtti^m, act of making the 

sign of the cross. 
is^jrasma, halter, nose-strap, 

scraper, pi. .tj risam, or 

^\c'j rasmdt. 

i^-> ((/j-J ''^^-^''^ (ji^^y), to bribe. 
ijt!ij\ jrtosa,to takea bribe. 
J^\j rdsy, one wiio bribes. 
^Ji^j- murtasy, one who 
took a bribe. »)ij raswa^ 
bribe, pi. li jUj rakdwy, 
Aii^i J rase tta^* doctor's prescrip- 
tion, pi. ^Uuij rasettdt. 

lyj ( u^j:)^«f?0"" ^w??J> or ^^^^j 
rassas, to put in a row, 
arrange, stack stone. ^JOJ^J 
rasraSjio become very cold. 
(jpj\ it rass, or ^Je.■^J\ 
itrassas, to be put in a row, 
arranged, stacked, ^j^^j' 






mcirsCis,ov ^J>^y marassas, 
put in a row, arranged, 
stacked, ^yj-^j- murasras, 
one who is very cold. ^^ 
rass,ov ,j>-j^j tarsys, act 
of [lutting in a row, stacking, 
arrangement. <iL^.^ytor<!y,sa, 
layer, jo/.. olwa-^jT tarsysdt. 
^^j^j rasrasa, coldness, 
want of heat. ^Je>\^J rai^i^ds, 
one who stacks stone, pi. 

^j^^-^j rusds, lead, minor water- 
pipes;^_^l^j U qalam rusds, 
pencil, pi. fjo\j>j c^Ail aqldm 
ru!:d.% 4.-»L>j rtimsa, piece 
of lead, ball cartridge,bullet, 
pi. oUL* J rusasdt. 
-J-»j( Jl-9j,_ ) raMd (jurmd), to 
watch the stars. Xaj\ itra- 
sad, to be watched. x^j\ 
i I rassad, 01- j^J.^ \ is ta rsad , 
to watch for, waylay. j,u,j 
rasad, talisman, s^j raiid^ 
observation of the stars; 
<;U- Ji-» J rasda/jdna, " obser- 
vatory, pi. cXAi-s^ajcasda- 

fiandt. Xaj tarasmd, act 
of watching for, waylaying. 
Ji.^j rasyd, stock in hand, 
balance of account. 

^Ja^J ruis, heavy, weighty. 

i_i^j rasyf, quay, platform, foot- 
path,wing-wall of a bridge, 
pi. 4.i-»jl arsifa. 
^ji'adcj^ a bruise, pi. i^^y^j 

\^j rida,^e.e ^j 
f^j{ »i>ji )f'idi' (j in/a ),io suck 
the breast. >kJ>j rad(la\ to 
suckle a baby. 4ftlJ. J ridd'^a^ 
act of sucking the breast, 
suclding a baby. 4cUj rad- 
(Id^a, feeding-bottle, pi. 
zAcX^j radda'^dt. a^J>j» 
murda'a, wet-nurse, pi. 
.J.lj. mardcW. 
^s^J ( ts^ji) ^^4y (Jirda), ur^^ii j> 
irtada, to agree, consent; 
\^.^.^s^J r'vhj bi keda, he 
agreed to this ; aSc^^j ridy 
^aUh, he forgave him, he is 
pleased with \\\m.i^jradda, 
or ^^\j rdtja^ to cause to 



agree or consent, satisfy, 
please. Lij rida, plea- 
sure, satisfaction, consent, 
contentment, ^^\j rddy, 
agreed, content, satisfied. 
^\j tarddy, consent^ agree. 
ment;(^lj\!l bil tarddy, by 
mutual consent, a Vamiable. 
i.j,j tardyja, satisfaction. 

cM'j rutdn , see Jisj 

'r^j ( ^^x ) rattab, to moisten^ 
get soft; dl.>!:)><^l ^l=j rattab 
adldqak, do not fly into a 
rage ! keep calm! cool down ! 
y^.ljtartyb, act of moisten- 
ing, refreshing. ^J»j ritib, 
moist, wet,damp. ^l»jra(a&_, 
ripe dates. *)^i»j rut{iba, 
moisture, dampness, wl'j* ^'• 
balahmuratfab,soU or ripe 

iffjtj ( ^j^jj ratratjto soil, cause 
to be dirty, be abundant. 
abundant. «i»_,l»j ratrata^ 
filth, dirt, abundance. 
Ji»j rati, pound weight pi, JU.jl 


^j{ ^i,j_ ) ratan (jurtun ;, to 
speak in a foreign language. 
^Ij ratn, or cj^^j rutdn^ act 
of speaking in a foreign 
language, a foreign language. 
*!.>^j ruMba, see ^Ij 

i^c^jra'dd, see jcj 

^c.jri^d\ the masses, the ple- 

w^c-j( ^&j-_ ) ra'ab ( jir'ib ), to 
frighten, terrify. ^•^ j\ ir- 
ta^ab, or s^c-J\ it ra'ab, to 
get frightened, terrified. 
^jf-j' mar'Ab, frightened, 
terrified, ^e-j rtCb, fright, 
terror, fear. »_&_,. murHb, 
frightful, terrible. 

jcj ( Jcj_ ) ra'ad (jir'id or jur- 
'ud), to thunder; jc_^ Lull 
ed dinja bi tur'ud,\i thun- 
ders. ^c.J ra'd, thunder; 

o'jl J>'^ 0* '^'^-^' ^"'"^ simi't 
er ra'^d, min g^r atodn, 
damn youl the devil take 
you I :>\tij die* samak ra'^dd, 
electric fish. 




9-f-j ( ^j-j, ) ra'ra'^ to refresh, 
be refreshed. f^jft^l itra'ra\ 
to be refreshed, healthy.f-jC J. 
mura'Ta\ refreshed, fresh, 
full of health, icfj ra'ra'a, 
freshness, .-.^.il pf-j rdra'' 
ciyjtlb, inula arabica. 
ie.j( ^f-ji ) ra'as {Jir'ii)^ to 
cause to tremble, frighten. 
to tremble, quake, waver, 
be frightened. J^cj ra's, act 
of causing to tremble,fright- 
ening. Ai*_, ra^sa^ a fit of 
trembling, a fright,a tremor, 
electric shock, pi. Z>\.l.e-j 

^c-jra^an, nervousness, excit- 
ability, impatience, j^jl 
a ran, nervous, irritable, 

J" J ij-y. ) '■«'« iJir'a),to graze, 
tend sheep. ji\j rd'a^ to 
respect, favour, have consi- 
deration for, be partial 
towards, ^y mar'y, taken 
into consideration^ respect- 

ed ; 4.p^l 4\yh el lawdjih 
el mar'yja, the regulations 
in force, j^j ra'y, act of 
grazing, tending sheep. 
j_ftlj rd^y, shepherd, pastor, 
pi. ,\cj ru'd. ^y mar'a^ 
meadow, pasture, pi. ^\y 
mard'y. \s-j riyja, subject 
of a ruler, subject of the 
local government, pi. lUj 
mura^yja, act of taking 
into consideration, favour- 
ing, respect, regard. 

if^jraggdj, seejj 

^cj ( ^s-y^ ) ragab ( jirgab ), to 
wish, desire- ^j raggab, 
to encourage, excite desire. 
^\j rdgib, desirous, wish, 
ing, pi. (jji^lj ragbyn. tJe-j 
rugba^ or ^^^c^y margiib, 
desire, wish, eagerness. 
J J {Jj'.)f'<^f/(^iJi^Siy\^o foam, 
lather, chat, babble. J-'j 
ragga, to foam, lather, .^ij 
ragdwy. J>j r(^yy, act of 




foaming, lathering, chatter 
(iUj raggdj, talkative, 
chatter-box, babbler, pi, 
ui>}h raggayjyn. 
^-S-j f^igyf, loaf of bread ,p^ ^ipjl 
oj {^xV^ff' {J^''^ff)Ao flutter, 
flap, leap ( as a babe in the 
womb), come unexpectedly. 
lij raff, shelf, pi. vJyj rufCif, 

ori_i»jl arfuf. 
l»j raffa, see Jj 
^^j raffds, see ^jjj 
f-^j rifd\ see ;.»_, 
j^l'j nyd'?/, see ^j 
A:»l»j rafahyja^ luxury. 4»>« 
mutaraffih, voluptuous. 
cJ>j ( wV. ) rafal ( yir/ii or 
jtirfut ), to dimiss, dis- 
charge. z^j\ itrafat^ to be 
dismissed, discharged. ^i-yj. 
mar/'^i ^, dismissed, discharg- 
ed, o'j raft, dismissal, 
discharge. a.:»j raftyja, 
certificate of discharge, pi. 
JUj rafdty. 
^jj { ^jy. ) I'afraf, to hang a 

bandage over the eyes(when 
sore), flap. ^jj\ itrafraf, 
to have a bandage hanging 
over the eyes. «_,»j rafrafa, 
act of bandaging the eyes, 
flapping, vjjjj rafraf, 
cornice, eaves, pi. ojlij 
rafdrif; j^jkW ^jj rafraf 
el 'arabyja, splash-board 
of a carriage. 3i}j rafrCif, 
bandage or shield for the 
eye, pi. ^J^j rafaryf. 

a-'-* ( crV. ) f^C'fC'^ ijurfus ), to 
kick. ^Jj>J raff as, to kick 
repeatedly, struggle, kick 
against, ^»_;l itrafas, to be 
kicked. j_^y_^mar/'^<s, kicked, 
^j rafs, act of kicking. 
4.-.9J rafsa, a kick, pi. zX^^j 
rafsdt; Ji^J\ ^U l^l^t cr 
rafsa, eve of the 1st day of 
ramaMn. ^_^Uj raffds, 
animal which kicks, steam- 
launch, screw-steamer, pi. 
C.Ll>j raffasdt, or a-Uj 

Je.*j{ o^V. ) rafa(f [Jurfud ), to 



reject, refuse.j^iy I itrafad^ 
to bo r ejected, refused, jjajyi 
itraffail, to be fanatic in 
religion, bigoted . ^y>y 
marfud, rejected, refused, 
t/^j ^ctf4, rejection, refusal. 
^Jiij rafculy, unbeliever, 
I'enegade, heretic, pi. ^-i>j 
rafadijja. ^ja>>. mutraffid, 
fanatic, pi. tj>-i»>. mutraf- 
£.'->( ^j: ) '^<^/"«' iJirfa'), to 
raise, lift up, take off ; »»j 
3=e.l-l rafa" el hagz ^hQ with- 
drew the seizure; Jill vj 
ra/'a' ei mdZ, ho remitted 
the taxation. »»jl Urafa, 
to be raised, lifted up, taken 
off. .ujl irlafa\ to rise, 
become higli. »»lj:l itrdfi\ 
to plead ( before a ctourt of 
justice). f-^ytnarfCi^mised, 
lifted. »ir_,. nmrtafi\ high, 
elevated. «»j ra/", act of 
raising, lifting up; JIU »»j 
ra/^ cl mdl, remission of 
taxation; jjl J>s, madfa^ 

er rafa\ last gun fired 
before day.break(during the 
month of ramaddn ) to warn 
Mohamedans to fast. f-\i.'j\ 
ii-tifd\ height, elevation, 
pitch of a roof. i«»l j rdfa, 
lever, pi. oUlj rafdt) aII 
A»»lj dla rdfa, a lifting 
machine. 4»»l^ murdfa, 
pleadings. (^-ujl ^»ijrifatlu 
afandtj, address of a Major 
in the army or a civilian 
holding the rank of salissa. 
j-\ij rifd^y, snake charmer, 
pi. A^eUj rifa'yja. 

d--'- ^ d^- -^ '"^^'' O'i^/""' ), to be 
thin, lean, slender. *»j faffa", 
to cause to be thin, ^ij 
^a///, act of causing to be 
thin. «»j /-m/"', thinness. «ij 
/•rt/'t/' or rafayja\ thin, 
f*-?l fV. ) '"ti/A'''. to keep the 
carnival. c-l»j /■f/'<i', or «»j* 
marfa", carnival, p^ .ily 

.^j rif'atlu,seo «»_, 




join, attach, annex. j»lj 
rdfiq, to join, accompany, 
have a lover, jjlj.'! itrdfiq, 
to be accompanied. AijjnYga, 
or 4,«}1_,. murdfqa, compa- 
nionship, ^j ra/"ag, act of 
having a sweet-heart, jjj 
ri/"i/g, companion, colleague, 
lover, plS&j rufaqa, or jjV»j 
rafdjiq. 4.»jj fifyQCi,, com- 
pamon,colleague, mm ^resse, 
pi. jil»j rafdjiq or olsjj 

jiyj refolfar* revolver, pi. 
OljJlyj refolfardt. 
^^ ( S^jt ) ^^^MJirfy),io mend, 
darn. jj\itTXcfa,io be men- 
ded, darned. Jj ra/'y, act of 
mending, darning.Uj raffa, 
one ■\^■ho mends or darns 
clothes, pl.ij^'^ijraffayjyn. 
^jrufayja", see ^j 

'[o^jrifyq,s,eQ ^j 
3 J ( '3j. ) raqq{jiriqq\to have 
compassion, make thin or 

fine, be thin, be polite, jij 
raqqaq,to make thin or fine. 
Jyl itraqq^ to be thin, fine. 
jy_,. marqiiq, made thin or 
fine. jJj tarqyq^ act of 
making thin or fine. 45j 
riqqa, thinness, fineness, 
tenderness, good manners. 
jjjrag(/g,thin, fine, polite, 
slavery. J Jjr«gaf/yag, thin, 
fine- jUjrwgiig, wafer-like 
cakes, s^. <Jlij ruqdqa, pi. 
ol'sUj niqaqdt. 
Jj '"'^5^ native tambourine; Jj 
Jljp riggg'as^(ii,parchment. 
iUj ruqdd, see ji»j 
^\ij raqqds, see ^^5^ 
A.Jj raqaba^ neclc, /"Z. o^-»j 
raqabdt; J!i^ 4.:/»j J /'f/ 
raqahtoh 'ila, he is the sole 
support of his family, he is 
the bread -winner of the 
family; diuij j a-o zanhoh 
fy raqabtak^lxis blood is on 
your head. **»»j raqahyja, 
collar of a horse's harness, 
pi. >l<C>j raqabyjdt. 




Mj ( J^'V. ) ^C'QCid (jurqud ), to 
lie down, be sick in bed. Jij 
raqqad^to cause to lie down, 
ailj rdqid^laid down, jlij 
ruqddj or jyj rtiqiid, act of 

lying down. 


marqad el hagar, bed of 
o^'j ( u^x ) ^o,q(^?( Jii^'Qii? ), to 
dance. ^JaiJ raqqas, to cause 
to dance, ^j raqs, dance. 
i*\J\ ^l»j raqqds es sd^a^ 
pendulum of a clock. 
*»j ( »5j< ) raqa' (jirqa'),to hit, 
strike; ajLi» mj raqa'^oh 
'^asdja, he dealt him a blow 
with a stick; aITVI vj ra^a' ! 
el akla, he bolted the 
food ; .jUiJj raQ'a' elmara, 
he had sexual intercourse 
with the woman. »» J raqqa'^, 
to patch, mend clothes, de- 
fend, be partial to ; ^x ^ 
i tamally jiraqqa' lohum, 
he is always partial in their 
behalf. J J,- 1 itraqa\ to bet 
hit, struck. ^j\ itraqqa', 


to be patched, mended. iJ^* 
muraq ga',pat ched ,mended . 
»;j raq\ act of hitting, 
striking. ^*j tarqy\ act of 
patching, mending, partia- 
lity. A«»j riu/a^ a patch, pi. 
»ij ruqa\ or oUij ruq^dt. 
»»j rigT, effeminate. 
^j raqm, numerical figure, jai. 
*lijl arqdm. ^j raqym, 
dated; c^jU-l < • ij S^l^j;- 
gawdbkum raqm'cisara el 
gdry, or t^j\l\ \ . ^j <ri^:^ 
gawdbkum raqym 'asara 
el gdry, your letter of the 
1 0th instant. j.yj« marqdm, 
mentioned, aforesaid, spo- 
ken of. 
iij riqqa^ see jj 
jyj ruqdd, see jjj 

JjlJji ) ''<^*5f* (Ji^QU), to 
charm by magic ( against 
bite of snakes ), fascinate. 
Jj raqqa, to promote, 
advance. jy\ itraqa, to be 
charmed, Jj\ itraqqa^io be 
promoted, advanced. Jj\. 




mitraqqtj^ promoted, ad- 
vanced. ,yj raqwa^ or aJ j 
raqja^ charm, incantation^ 
pi. Olyj raqwdt, or oU»j 
raqjdt, Jj taraqqy^ or 
A.Jj? tarqyja, promotion, 
advancement, pi. z^[Jj: 

fc^Jj raqyb, see ^slj 

j;»j raqyq and ruqayjaq, seejj 
^) raqym^ seejj 
ilj ra/f/f, reliance; (_^j!iil\ Jc ilT^ 
rakkak 'alal fil&s, if you 
can only obtain money, mo- 
ney is what you are in need 
of; dXSc Sj rakky 'al^k, I 
rely on you_, I put my 
confidence in you; ^ \jL>- 
JS^Vl Jc hattu rakkuhum 
^alal akl^ they applied them, 
selves to eating, they gave 
themselves up to eating. 

y^_) rikdmo* embroidered lace. 

w.^ ( w-O. ) '' J^ift (jirkab ), to 
ride, mount; aj ^o ^jT^ rikib 
^arabyja, he drove in a car- 
riage; jy,\)\ wSj rikib el 

wabdr, he took the train; 
•^i j^ ^\> T^ikboh ^afryt, he 
is possessed by an evil spirit, 
he has got mad or furious. 
^j rakkib, to cause to ride, 
cause to mount, fix, put 
together, erect, build, adjust. 
w5\;"l itrakab, to be ridden, 
mounted. .^j\ itrakkib, to 
be fixed, jDut together, built, 
erected, adjusted. vjC'jl ir_ 
takab, to commit an offence 
or a crime. ^<r,rdAu&, riding, 
mounted; ^Jil'j rdkib, rider, 
passenger by a train or a 
steamer, pi. kJ€^j rukkdb; 
v^ jy)} ivO'bur rukkdb, 
passenger train. w/j« mar- 
/(;H&,ridden, mounted; k^^j* 
markdb, shoe, pi. ,.^y 
marakyb. ^Sjj» murtakib, 
criminal, guilty, pi, Cjif^y 
murtakibyn. ^f J tarkyb, 
act of dausing to ride,causing 
to mount,fixing, adjustment; 
dLil\ axjO tarkybet es 
sa6a/«,mouth-piece of a pipe 




for smoking, pi. ^^J 
taj'Cik yb .sj^jrikdb ^st'ivrui-^, 
pi. oliS'j rikabdt] ,J€^j 
n'kd&^brigade^of surveyors, 
engineers, etc. ), pi. ^fj\ 
arkiba,^, markib, ship, 
barge, boat, pi. w^^* fna- 
r-dkib:j\\ ^ymarkib ndi\ 
or jli4 w^' markib bubdr, 
steamer; p-jl* vJ>^» markib 
quUi", or 1^» wS^« markib 
ha tea, sailing ship. ^jXj» 
mardkby, boatman, pi. 
K~^j* marakbyja. ^fj 
rakdb, act of riding ; ^/j 
^X\ruk(ib e^^^i,equitation. 
i,fj rakba, a ride, pi. olfj 
rakbdt. i^.fj rakCiba, a 
"mount," pi. i_-i^ rakdjib; 
Kifj jy\\i wabur rukliba^ 
steam yacht; a.^ i-i^p 
'arabyjet ruk&ba, a car- 
riage, ^j rakba, knee, pi. 
^j rukab. ^\$^» murak- 
kibdty, one who sets 
precious stones, pi. ^il^« 
murakkibatyja. sJ^j\ 

irtikdb, act of committing 
an offence, a crime,etc.jljL5^ 
rikibddr* horse-breaker. 

_fj ( y'j,^ ) rakas (jirkU J, to 
settle down, fix. jTyl if ra- 
ka^, or jsJjl irtaka^, to be 
settled down, fixed. j^T, 
rdkis, settled down^ fixed; 
j^j i^it- ^aqloh rdkiis, he is 
a steady man, he is a man 
of sound judgment, j'^'jl 
i7-i{A,(i^,actof setthngdown_, 
fixing. j^» mar/ca^', centre, 
district of a province,pZ. j"rr>« 
mardkiz] i^Au ^»markas 
rijdsa, head-quarters of an 

Xj( /^. ) '^«^'<^' (jirka^) J to 
kneel down. Xj rakka\ to 
cause to kneel down. ^Tfj 
rdki\ one who is kneeling 
down. 9-fj ruku\ act of 
kneeling down. aiSj rak'a, 
a prostration, pi. >L)\^j 
rak'dt; ij<:^j A-» i^alla rak- 
'itdn, he made a short 
prayer ( Mohamedan). 



^j • flj-'l ( f^A) itrdkim, to be 
heaped up^ form a heap. 

i/j ( cfy. ) ^'^^^'i {jirkin ), to 
put aside. ^\ itrakan, or 
^j\irtakan,to be put aside, 
lean or rely upon, cj^* 
markdn, put aside, leaning. 
i^jtmtirtikin, leaning or 
relying upon, ^j rakn, act 
of putting aside, leaning 
upon. ^^^'>j\ irtikdn, 
reliance, ^j rakn^ corner, 
pi. cJ^j^ arkdn ; ^^^j\ 
^y. arkdn harh, staff 
( mil.) ; ^j>- jjlfjl Ja)l]i sdbit 
arkdn harh, staff officer; 
iI»jjVI c-.j>- Ci^j\arkdn harh 
el orta, adjutant-major; (^ITjl 
\J!i\^^arkdn harh el liwa, 
brigade-major; Ci^j\ ^\j 
tjjs- rayjis arkdn harh, 
chief of staff. 
v/^ I'ukiih^ see ^j 
^fj ruk{c\ see ^j 

'f J ( f j: ) ramm (Jurumm ), to 
repair, heal, put right, .j 
rammim, to repair, ^^.j 

ram ram, to eat nasty food. 
»j"l itramm^ or ^j?l itram- 
mim, to be repaired, ^j. 
murammim, or -jt* mi^- 
rammim, repaired, ^.j* 
iarmt/m, repairs, p^. C>\e^J 
tarmymdt, ^»j»j ramrama, 
act of eating all sorts of 
nasty food. 

io-[tj rimdha^ see *sj 

i\»j rumjdd, ashes, cinders. i^jUj 
rumddy, grey. 

JUj rammdl, see J.j 

^Uj rummdn , pomegranate 
trees, s^. 4.iUj rummdna, 
pi. C-liUj rummandt; ilUj 
jLsllrammc'f/ie^ elqahbdny, 
weight of a steel-yard, 
^j ^ f -t ) ramah (jirmah), to 
run, gallop off; *:Ut> J «:j 
ramah fy gaflitoh^ he took 
advantage of his ignorance . 
4 J ranimah, to cause to run 
or gallop off. ii»-\.j rimdha, 
act of running, gallop. ^U^. 
mi/'mcti^, (horse j race, pi, 




Juj ( s»x ) fimid (jirmad ), to 
have the ophthalmia. jl.j 
ramacl, ophthalmia. o'-*-'j 
7'amddn, one who is suffer- 
ing from ophthalmia^ pi, 
u:^\x»j ramdanyn. 

J..J ( JL.j,_ ) ramas ( jirmis), to 
wink, twinkle. JL.j /-ams, 
act of winking. *JL«j ramsaj 
a wink^ a twinkle, /)i. .^Li* j 
ram s^ ^ . JL* J r jm s,eyelashes, 
/)^. Ji-^j rumAs. 
oU«j ramaildn^ the 9th month of 
the lunar calendar (month of 

j»j r'cimaq, last breath of life. 

J'-* Ov. ) f'Oiramil, to be like 
sand, dry (writing) with 
sand. J^jT tarmyl, act of 
drying with sand. Jtj rami, 
sand, pi, JUj rimdl. 4*j 
ram la, grain of sand,sandy 
ground. JUj rammdl, for- 
tune-teller, geomancer, pi. 
tjJUj rammalyn ,\k jramly , 
sandy; J.j js-hagar ramly, 
sand-sl(jne. a.Lj -icL sd'a 

ramlyja, hour-glass, ^■•j' 
marmato, sand-pot,/)Z.J*l_^ 
mardmil. 4«j^ armila, 
widow, pi. J^ljl ardmil. 

*j>j rumma, totality; aaJ\ ^^L* 
sdhiber rwmma, the person 
most concerned or interested 
in the matter; *i»j. bi rum- 
metoh^ the whole of it, 

*-'j rimma, corpse, carcass, pi. 
'J rlmam. 

^•^i t/Ji ) ^<^"^^ (Jifny), to 
throw ; Air- j^jrama fyhaq. 
qoh, he spoke against him, 
he hinted something against 
him; f^^^^J ram a saldm, 
or ji. ^yj rama tamanny, 
he saluted; j{.j U\ ^k huwa 
illy ramdny, it is he who 
denounced me. ^jj\ itrama, 
to be thrown.^. _;! a ramma, 
to throw one's self. ^\j 
rdmy, one who throws.^yj. 
mar my J thrown. ^.^ mu- 
rammy, thrown or strewed 
over the ground, .j ramy, 




act of throwing. A-.J ramja^ 
athrow, pi. oU.j ramjdt, 
dJ {dj'.Yo^'^n(ji^inn)Ao tinkle, 
re-eclio^ copulate, ^yjr^ dj 
rinn el garas, ring the bell ! 
iAc 4.;j rannoh ^alqa, he 
gave him a thrashing. Cjj 
rann, act of tinkling, re- 
echoing, jjj ranna, sound, 
i.-i.j ringa* herring, 

7-^>j{ 7--^>x) randah, to chant. 
i>-Jij randaha, act of 

^Uj rahdn, see ^a>j 

(j^^j ' (j}*j' ( oi'^Ji) itrahhin, to 
he a monk^ live a bachelor's 
life. a;-*j rahbina, celibacy, 
monasticism. >^»lj rdhih, 
monk, pi, (1)1.* J ruhbdn. 
A-a>lj rdhba, nun, sister of 
charity, joZ. oL*lj rahbdt, 
JjLftj . Jji.»._,:l (Ja*>:) itrahdil, to 
be slovenly, untidy in one's 
dress. Ja»j. murahdil^ 
slovenly, untidy. 4!a*j rah- 
d JZa^slovenlinesSjUntidiness. 

l>j»j ( l>jtty,)rahrat ^to be flabby, 
flimsy. J*j»j' murahrat^ 
flabby, flimsy. A.l»jkj raTirato. 
flabbiness, flimsiness. 
a*j ( Cj^j'. ) rahan (jirhan ), to 
pawn, mortgage, pledge. 
j*lj rdhin, or li^ t>*'j''l 
itrdhin wayja^ to bet with. 
j»_,;l(ira/ian,to be pawned, 
mortgaged, pledged. o^*j* 
inarhAn, pawned, mortga- 
ged, pledged; iJj_j^;^Jpo>* J* 
marMin ^ala huMrak^ it 
depends on your presence, it 
cannot be done (or settled) 
except in your presence, ^j 
rahn, act of pawning, mort- 
gaging; j»j rahn, or a.>j 
rahnyja, pledge, pawn, 
mortgage, pi, ^^^j ruhdn, 
or cXyt^j ruhundt , or Zj\j* J 
rahnyjdt; oli^^JI dli bank 
er j'uhundt , mortgage bank. 
;jUj rahdn, or i.:^\j.murdh~ 
ntt, bet, stake, joL oliUj 
rahandt; *>IJI -Jli-I J /ti 
Mto (?r rdhna, at present. 




under the present circums- 
c)>*j( Oyx ) ^Oihwin* to cause 
to go like a rahwdn, train 
one up to the purpose .o^^j'^ 
itrahwirijto go like a rah- 
wdn, become expert in.AJykj 
ra/i to ma_,pace of a rahwdn. 
^l^»j rahwdn, horse which 
has an easy pace_, ambler. 
\jj rawdg, see ^1^ 
Ijj ratod/t, see ^Ij 
j|j_,rM«?(ig_, gallery, room, 
cloister, pi, ^.jjjl arioiqa, or 
clit^j ruwaqdt. 
ii\^j rawdqa, see jlj 
lj^-.>j ^'^^^(^gdn, see r- 1 J 

_jj r(5/i,andJU^jroM/it/,see^lj 
jul'Jjj rusndma* pension depart- 
»k-.jj r(5s(o, *roast meat; ^k^jj^i-y 
farJia rdsto, roasted fowl, 
^yi^j rdsan, air_hole, sky-light. 
iJjj r(5fc/ general, common 
estate; iljjl Jc 'aZaZ r6k, 
in common.«.^jrd/c/a, total 
of an estate. 

p J /Yim, Greeks, Greek Ortho_ 
dox. i^jj rCimy, Greek, 
belonging to the Greek 
Orthodox church, pi. »\}j\ 
arwdm; ^yjjS^^idyk rdmy, 
a turkey ;^.3j jLi^'es rdmy, 
European bread ; ^jj 4io- 
g ibna ru m i/,Turkish cheese; 
^ijsj^ kalb rAmy, dog of 
a foreign breed. 
^j\»ijrumatizm,* rheumatism. 
jj-».jj rdmis, raft made of jars, pi. 
fj^\)j rawdmis. 

■iijjrawindj rhubarb. 

j).jj rdnaq, good appearance, 
beauty, splendour. 

(S3j{ iSiy, ) rawa ( jirwy ), to 
quench, water, irrigate. 
iS)J\it rawa, to be quenched, 
watered, irrigated, i^fy 
mar JO f/,quenched,watered, 
irrigated. <^j ra/, irrigation; 
*»-\J\i ifj\ er raj bir rdha, 
flush irrigation, free flow; 
w'^Vl <^jl er raj bil aldt, 
lift irrigation, (ijj. mirtoa, 
water.coursc, pool, channel. 




pi. ifi^y mardwy. 

^.'>j^^J(^, see is\j 
\i J ri/'a^hypocrisy. ^\j»murdj, 

r\j ^ayjdh, see ^\j 

*.-\ij rijdsa, see j_^> ^ 

J\jj rijdl, dollar^ 20-piaster 
piece, pi. OVI^ rijaldt. 

^^.jrijdla, see Jij 

Ci\j rayjdn, fvesh, tender. 
i^.)-^ljr^t (ja), I wislil would to 
God! \xt><'ij\ijaritohhenaj 
I wish he were here I Uj^jx* jli 
j^^\jjoi r^thum ma rahAs, 
I wish they had notgonel 
^j ryh^ see ^1 j 

O^^j ryhdn, basil-plant. 

^jiJ rizik, goldsmith's form, pi. 
iljlij rajdzik. 

s^-* ( u-l j: ) ^^yj^^, to appoint 
chief. ^.^'1 itrayjis, to be 
appointed chief, be a chief. 
^_^ijU mitrayjis, appointed 
cliief. ^J-iiJ^ marCis^ a subor. 
dinate. ^j-ij rayjis, chief, 
captain of a ship, president, 
pi. Li jr£iyasa,orl-jj rurtsa; 

l» jjj J ray j is qalam, chief 
clerk; jlc^J\ j_^) J rayjis el 
hugdx, pilot; l^J J\ »?'0' 
Jj^' ui-*lJ ^^ markib illy 
fyha rayjis^n tigrag, too 
many cooks spoil the broth. 
4-.\j J rijdsa, chiefdom. ^^1 j 
rds, head, chief, summit, 
cape, pi. ^ij rds; »lij »ll» 
j_^lj iizr wayjdh rds, he 
could hold his own against 
him, he was a match for 
him; A-lj^i^^. min taht 
rdsoh, on his account, he 
was the cause; a-I j ^Jj'j^. ^ 
Aifl-j J. ma j'Vrafs rdsoh 
min rigUh, lie does not 
know his right hand from 
his left, he does not know 
which way to turn his head; 
a^Uj Ja^ a-lj ii^U ^>. 
matrah ma tuhutt rdsak 
hutt rigUk, do your worst! 
do it and be damned! 
j^c.s»\>^\j Ji*i ha^d rdsy 
mCi hadd ""ds, after me the 
deluge; jn^^ ^yj jy iV.)l 




awlddfdq rus 6aV/^children 
born in unbroken succession. 
^\)^i ijuU Jt 'atoZ '^n toil 
rds, with pleasure, with all 
my heart; ^}) \^calal rds, 
into the bargain; ^\j JS^ 
hull rds, every one, every 
individual; jUi-l ^>j rds el 
hosdn, halter; A.:Jt\ ^\j rds 
es sana, new year's day;^l j 
j^ rds hagar, spur in a 
river; JT- ^\j rds sukkar, 
loaf of sugar; ^-j: ^\j rds 
barsym, first growth of 
clover. ^^\j rdsy, vertical. 
i^^Dj tarwysa, heading, 
title (of a chapter) ,/)i. jj-i)*jT 
tar a toys. 
J-iJ- J-lJ'' {J-\k ") itrayjis, to 
be well off,in easy circums- 
tances. Jt.)>. mitrayjis, 
well off, in easy circums- 
tances. jLij rys, feathers, 
[)\umes,sg ,4.Li jrysa,pl.'l>\Lij 
rysdt; ol-2^\ iijj rysetel 
fisdda, lancet; ji^ij rijas 
wizx, quill pens; JbJ>. ^_j 


rijas hadyd, steel pens;ii» j 
j}>}^\ ryset elwabixr,scre\v- 
(j^l J ( u^. x ) rayjad, to exercise. 
^^,J^ it rayjad, to be exer- 
cised, take an exercise. 
iJ>\j rijdda, exercise, pro- 
menade, constitutional, pi. 
wL^l^j rijaddt. 

rij^^', yield, revenue of land. 
«j jUl\ ii-a- maslahet et tar- 
yjy\ land survey de- 

^j ^'yf> "country", village, pi. 
cjli jl arjdf, ii jryfy, rustic. 

Jij ^yQ, saliva, spittle; j. Jl Jc 
^alal ryq, before breakfast, 
on an empty stomach;*! jjjp 
gayjar rygoh,he breakfas- 
ted; ji J _iij nassif ryqy, 
he worried me, he pestered 
me; ^9- jj _, ryq hilu, kind- 
ness, kind treatment; Jie 
4J^ Jlj" j^halkf er ryq 
jigry, it makes the mouth 

tub J ryqa, or alI lyqa," sponge 




inside a native inkstand, 
pl.cALj ryqdt, or cXi^lyqdt. 

ji->( Jiji) ^C'yj'il,^'^ foam, froth. 
^y^y taryjyl,act of foaming, 
frothing. a11> j rij'dla , salver , 
drivel; aH.j^i abu rijdla, 
idiot. A^jj- marjala, apron, 
pinafore, pZ. J.l^. mardjil. 

(CJ ( (.j.)^(^yJ^^M exaggerate, 
deceive, dupe; i^cjs.j U ma 
tirayjims ^alih^ do not 
deceive him! f^\J to-ryjym, 
deceit, misrepresentation, 
imposition, exaggeration. <j 
rym, or acj ryma, foam. 

*j^yy«. lung. P^. >^^.J ryjdt. 
iSy>j J- siiZ riawy, pul- 
monary consumption. 


^ and ji = 

iult^d&ii, seeJiJ; 

Clj 2dt, personality, self, same; 
J\i\i\ ana sdty, or JU. lil 
ana bisdty, I myself; J 1^1 
^i\l,a}iiodty bisdthum,mY 
brothers themselves ; C^Vi J 
fy. fy xdt j6m, or olj ^ ^y. 
.\,y\j6m min zdt el ayjdm, 
one day, on a certain day; 
vi^ljli ._^ hubb ez sdt, 
selfishness; Cj\'iZdt, distin- 
guished person, grandee,/)Z. 

ol^i zawdt. Gli sdtan, or 
Crlj zdtyjan, personally. 

^j ( ^>. ) ■3'<*^ (ji^yh), to move, 
remove. ^l_jl m;r(ti^,or ^IjtI 
itzdh,\o be moved, removed. 
^Iji. minzdh^ or ^Iji. mii- 
s-tt/i, moved, removed, to-j} 
z6ha, ejection, dislodgment. 

ilj ( Jij j., ) ^^(Id (jizyd), to add, 
increase, surpass. ^'^ j ^-aji- 
10 id, to add, increase, give one 
provisions for a journey.iliji 




isddd,to be added, increas- 
ed, ^'jj I izzauwid, or :> j^\ 
itzauwid,\o take provisions 
for a journey, s^j zdjid, 
increasing, superfluous, 
rising, overflowing. o\ij 
sijdda, or i\ij\ izdijdd, 
addition, increase, augmen- 
tation, pi. oIjIjJ zijaddt, 
or ^\i\ ijzuwaddt;^Ji\ olj 
sijddeten nj/i, the rise of 
the Nile; oil j; \idahi zijdda^ 
this will do, this is enough; 
ti\r)\ o\jj; Ij rfa bisijddet 
62 zij'dda, this is more than 
enough, this is too much. 
»:>\)j *Micdda, provisions for 
a journey, »^i\^ muzdjda, 

jl j ( jiJ. ) sdr (juz{ir ),to visit, 
make a call, yjj zau war ,io 
cause to visit, take one to 
visit, .jlj zijdra, visit,call, 
pi. ^Ijlj zijardt.j,\jzdjir^ 
visitor, pilgrim, pi. ji'jj 

j\j zdr^ negro incantations. 

J»t J ( Jaj j: ) zdt (Jizyt), to make 
a noise, rejoice, be gay; ^\j 
ajjJL^-I J Jaj ji rdhjizyt fy 
iskindiryja^ he went to 
enjoy himself in Alexandria. 
-kJ ^oiyjo-t, to cause to make 
a noise, disturb. Jajjj zdjit^ 
noisy, gay. 4J»j J ^T^^a, noise, 
disturbance, confusion. 

^J ( '^yL ) ^<^9 (ju^Ag ), to 
disappear, slip, escape; ^(Jy* 
j^ huwa zdg minny, he 
gave me the slip; ^Ij j>fr 
'^n ?/ zdget, I did not know 
which to choose. >i) Ij zdjig^ 
one who has disappeared or 
escaped; *i>lj *i^ '^noh 
zdjga, he is mean. 4;;U^J 
zawagdn, disappearance, 

^'j (^Jji ) 2df(juz{if)\.o push, 
remove, sweep away. ol_/l 
in^ct/', or ol>'l Itzdf, to be 
pushed, removed, swept 
away, oij ^(1/",actof push- 
ing, removing, sweeping 
away. 4»jj ^(J/'a, a push, pi. 




^LMsjsofdt; ^3J\ bil zdfa, 
abundantly, in great quanti- 

J*J ( J Jjc. ) -"^ (ju^^l), to dis- 
appear, cease, remove. JljJ 
sawdl, disappearance, ces- 
sation, removal. 4\j\ izdla, 
removal. Jilj zdjil, tempo- 
rary, changeable, transient. 
Jjj s6l, appearance, form, 

'^}\':i sdll, see Ji 
^\]i2'dlim,see ik 
f'J ( fij. ) -^'^ (ju^um ), to 
groan, pj j(5m, act of 

0'J( (jiji ) ^^n (ji^yn), or ^^j 
zayjin, to adorn, decorate. 
^>/J| U zayjin, or ^^jrl 
itzayjin, to be adorned, 
decorated, shave, have one's 
hair cut. jt,>» muzayjin, or 
t;;4>. mitzayjin, adorned, 
decorated, shaved, ^ly- 
tazyjyn, adornment, deco- 
ration, act of shaving or 
having the hair cut. oj 

zyna, ornament, decoration, 
illumination, pi. jij zijan, 
or ol:jj zyndt.i^i^muzay- 
jin, barber, coiffeur^ pl_ 
ai^'-iy muzayjinyn. 

(^\j zdn, beech_wood. ij\jzdna, 
beam of beech-wood, pi. 
olilj zandt, 

olj j(tnya, see jj 

sa\} zdhid^ see J.»J 

ja\^ zdhir^see j(^ 

A.^IJ zdwja^ see <ijj 

ja\jzdjid, secilj 

xSj^djir^ see jlj 

^\}zdjil, see Jlj 

'^jzlbb, or ^j ^a&r, sexual 
organ in the male, pi, j\j\ 
azbdr ; ^jijVi ^J zibb el 
ard, concincum. 

<^\ j zubdta^ cluster of dates, pi. 
oU:.lj zubatdt, or LjI.j za- 

^\,}zabbdl, see J;j 

Q\jzabdn, dart of a scorpion, 
juj zabad, or ,jiij zabada, 
kind of musk; .x>')\ iai qutt 
ez zabad, musk cat. 



.Jb J sibda^ fresh butter. 
*i J; j ^ibdyja,said\\ bo\vl,joi.t5j\ij 
^abddy, or d a j ^ibdyjdt. 
yjsubr^see «_,j 

Oji J • «^j:'J' ( Jj.j^ ) i^so-braqet 
(titsabraq)^io adorn one's 
self, be adorned, be ostenta- 
tious. *ij,y musabraqa, 
adorned. *j_^j sabraqa^ 
adornment, ornamentation,, 

-lai J zabat, street mud, mire. 

^{ JoJij ) ;;abat ( JtubiU)^ or 
ia^dabat, to arrest, control. 
iiJiil insabat, or k.kJI 
itsabat, to be arrested, 
controlled, i'^^li* masbut, 
arrested, controlled,regular, 
exact, in perfect order; J«^lj 
A»^-k. Mg-ji mazbui, an 
honest man,a man of honour. 
L-i; zabt, arrest^ control, 
act of putting a thing in 
order; ia-kU JUj rigdl es 
zabt^ men of tlie police; 
A»i\)\ ia^j^a^ malylar zabt 
el wdq^a, police report. iajUi 

zdbit, military officer, pre- 
fect of police,pi.^CJi subbdt; 
Jip iajlii zdbit 'azym, field 
officer;^ jri.)lli5'a6 j( /carym. 
general of^cev *J=-^3abtyja , 
police office, head office of 
the police of a city,/5i.oU»Ji 
sabtyjdt. ikkk* masbata, 
judgment, sentence, pi. iaiUi. 

Jjj ( Jiji ) sabaq(ju2buq), to 
dart, escape. *« J *a6ga, an 

JiJ ( j!>.)'^<^^^J'^ to manure. J; jl 
isxabbil, or J;_)rl itzabbil, 
to be manured. Jjj. muzab- 
bil, or Jij^ mitzabbil, 
manured- JjJ ^i&^, pigeon 
manure, dung of animals. 
^\ijzibdlaj refuse, sweep- 
ings.Jlj zabbdl, scavenger, 
pi. aSIjJ zabbdla, or Oel^.J 
zabbalyn. ^y> mazbala, 
dust-heap,/)LJjlj. mazdbil. 

r.j ■ ky ( ky. ] issablah, to 
abuse, revile;"^^"jl y^huwa 
Izzablah 'alayja, he reviled 



me. ^,y muzahlah, abusive, 
insolent (^person). Jki'j ;;a6- 
laha^ abuse_, insolence. 

u'.^-u'.'J'^ (ui'j-. ) i^^abhin, or 
j^jTl itzahbin^ to be aclient^ 
a customer, j^j subitn, 
client, customer^ pi, j^lj 
zabdjin. ^-j tasbyn, acioi 
giving a trader one's custom. 

^>iJ ■sibyb,raismSjSg .i..K>j2ibyba, 
pi. oLiiJ zibybdt ; ^x;J J^ 
'araqy ~'i6j/6,native whisky- 
made of raisins. 

0yj.*atun,see o^riJ 

J^J ^agal, cheat, deceit; Ja-J Ji- 
^imi ^ag'ttZ, vulgar lampoon. 

r3»-j( T-j'-j: ) ■sah;;ah, to move a 
heavy thing. ^j:^'j I izzah- 
zah, or 7-j--y\ it;::ah^ah, to 
be moved.7-j>-_)i. mu^ahzah, 
or ^y^'m it zah;;ah, moved. 
ia-j,-j:;ahsaha^gLCi of moving 
a heavy thing. 

*i\»-J ;^ihlifa,0T Ai\ej zi'lifct, ioY- 

jL>.j( jio-j; ) ^ahlaq, to cause to 

slide or slip. jU'jl izsahlaq, 

or jio-jTl it^ahlaq, to slide, 

slip. j^»-j' muzahlaq^ slip_ 

pery.42.Uj~-a/iZ^5'a, slippery 

ground, joZ. jJW J :;ahalyq, 

^j ( j-y. ) ^aham [jizhim ), or 

j^\jsdhim, to crowd, press. 

>-j;i in:;aham, or 5-_>'l 

iizaham, to be crowded, 

pressed, f^'-j' mazh{im, 

crowded, pressed. 4^j;ra/ima, 

or /.Uj zihdm, or a^Ij« 

musdhm.a^ crowd,pressure; 

jRil\ Jl<-j :;ahmet es sugl, 

pressure of work. 

^j^j (^>3:) sahraf, see o>J 

, ji-j ;:ahra, munition of war. 

ij~j zidima^ thong, strap, pl_ 

'jj ( jy. ) -otrr ( jusurr)^ to be 
pressed (by laughter) ; Jjj 
di«^l zarriny ed dihk, or 
ciis^^^'l ' Jc J J ^arr ^alayja ed 
dilikj I could not help 
laughing, I could not keep 
my countenance ; U» ji- ilj j 
zarrak ligy henaA^vQ you 





come here ■? jjj zarrar^ to 
button, jjjl i:;zarrar, or 
jjjTl itsarrar^ to be but- 
toned. jJjJIJ-^'3'«/''2flr,' to be 
angry, fly into a rage, lose 
one's temper .jjyma^arrar, 
or^j>.mi7^arrar, buttoned. 
xjj tazrijr^ act of button- 
ing- jJ •3'i^r, button, /)/. jljj 
zirdr, or Ji-'ljijJ zirardt, 
OTj\j} zardjir; ijj jj ^irr 
ward, rose-bud; j\.}-jjzirr 
hijdr, a cucumber; j-y^J' j} 
zirr tarb{ls, tassel of a fez; 
J J 4^^ 'a to '^/io/i ^jrr, he 
has a staphyloma(in the eye). 

iljj ^ardi, see i»jj 

4tljj zird'a, see «- jj 

*j|jj zardfa, or jU.\liiJizaryfet 
elma'dny, giraffe. 

«lji; zardfa, see ,j_^ 

jljj ^•ard^, see j^j 

^jj ( vjy.) -^'"'^^ ( j'uzrub ), to 
flow, relieve nature; Jc J" 
jVj ^jJ hiya tamally ttiz- 
rub wildd, she gives birth 
to one child after another. 

^jj zarb, flow. *. jj zurba, 
crowd; <. jj jV^' »A:ft andoh 
awhXd zurba, he has many 
children, ojjxrirj/ba, cattle- 
pen, pi. wjjjj zardjib. O!^ 
^.Ijj tafca/i jar(ty&{/, goat's 
milk; ^;'jj ty^miza zardj. 
by, goat which gives much 
milk. *:ijj zarbyja, hedge, 
fence, pi. vLLijJ zarbyjdt. 
w-ljj. mizrdb, gutter, pZ. 
y^lj\y mazaryb. 

v_-jj «ar6, lattice- work. 

tfiJj • ui/Jl I OuJi ) i^^arbin, to 
fly into a rage, use abusive 
language, jiyj^ma^-jarfem, 
furious, a:, jj zarbina, rage, 
fury, abusive language. j^_ j } 
zarbAn, \u\gav, mean, pi. 
unhj zctrabyn;*^ ^V-OJ A'* 
taHa" zarabynoh '^alayja, 
he vented his wrath on me. 

V. jj zarbyja, see ^j j 
*^rrjJ ^argyna, grab. 

7-jj ^iV'^, armour, cuirass; ^y* 
f;j markib zirb, iroa-clad 




jy£"jj sarfiagy, cuirassier, 
pi. ijrjj sarhagyja. 
^j3 ' '-ijJ* ( ^jj. ) izradd, to be 
flushed (face),deep (colour), 
jjj. mi^rjdd, flushed, deep 
ijj zarad^ coat of mail, cuirass. 
*i^jj saradyja, stretcher, 
pi. olijj zaradyjdt. 
Ci\i'ijj{*'^i'>') zardahAn ifuta), 
Persian towel. 
tijj zarda* kind of pudding, 
jjjjj zarzdr, starling, pi. _,ijljj 

i»j}{l»jy) zarat {juzrut), to 
break wind.i. jj sarrat, to 
break wind repeatedly, J*l jj 
^-mM^, wind, sp'. 4j»jj^ar(a, 
pl. Cj\i>jj zartdt; dlJAi^jjll,} 
aji7 zarta fyk, I laugh 
at you! you are beneath 
my notice! -i»ljj zarrdt, 
sorry fellow. -Uljj. mizrdt, 
one who talks big, upstart, 
braggadocio. i»jjl SiZrat^ 
worse; (iAu i»jjl ^» huwa 
azrat minnak^ he is worse 

than yon. 
^jJ ( f^jji ) -ara' (ji^ra'), to 
sow, cultivate; ^^WJ\ j ^jjl 
i^ra' /'(j^ es sutuh, take no 
notice! do not give the 
matter any importance! f-jj. 
lUJl j^zara^ loh bll 'asdja,'i 
he pricked him with the stick. 
9jj'\ inzara\to be sown. 





sown, cultivated. oU^jj,. 
mazrudt^ plantations, 
crops.c-j j;ra7-',act of sowing, 
cultivation, plantation. *cljj 
5^ j>d 'a, cultivation, agricul. 
p-jlj. ^y>J\ ard masdrVji 
cultivated or cultivable 
land, f-j^y mil zdri\f armer, 
cultivator, pl. jjpjlj* m«_ 

vjjiJ . ojSii-l ( ^^I-)) istazraf^ 
to consider elegant or ni 
^Ji zurf ^or ii\Ji zardft 
elegance. ^J^iJ^ ^<^ryf, ele 
gant, nice, witty, polite, pl 
^Ijt surdf. 




Jiji ~arf, envelope, saucer, 
salver, pi. ^j^\ azraf, or 
^iji zuriif. 
JjJ ( JjJi ) ^araq (juzruq ),io 
escape, dart, j jj zarraq, 
to introduce, cause to escape 
or dart. '^jj\ izraqq^io be 
blue. jij_>' tazrijq, intro- 
duction, act of causing to 
escape or dart_,causing to be 
blue. Jj ji azraq, blue, fern. 
lijj zarqa^ pi, j^j zurq. 
Jljj zardq, blueness. 'Jjy 
muzriqq, bluish. Jl^j* miz. 
rdq, lance,javelin, joi. jjjl j« 
^ ■>'■> ( \J^ jy. ) ^ar'his, to embroL 

der, brocade 



kis, embroidered, brocaded. 
Aii jj zarkisa, act of 
embroidering, brocading, 
^jj zarnyh,, arsenic. 
■^ijJ ( ^jiji ) zarwat, to soil, 
smear, be abundant. ^ijj\ 
izzarwat, to be soiled, 
smeared. l»jjj. muzarwat, 
soiled, smeared, abundant ; 

J»jjj. JiiJ\ es sii^'i muzar- 
wat^ there is an excess of 
work, -dsjjj zarwata, act 
of soiling, smearing, abun- 

i^jjziryba, see ^jj 

^, jt -art//', see^> 
4^ji zurryja, or ai/^ durryja, 
offspring, posterity. 

fy (f-'ji) •^*" (J^^^'^ ), to treat 
harshly. P'j^a",harsh treat- 
*»Uj zadfa, see ^^ j 
J»^^ J ^■a'fci:*^, native woollen cloak, 
pi. Ja^iUj za^abyt. 
}s'j zaHar, thyme. *)j^ J ^'o'ta- 
ri/ja, meat prepared with 
thyme • 

£j(£ji) -«'^^ iJi^'iy), to 
disturb, ^j^l inza^ag, to be 
disturbed. r-^j« maz^g^ 
disturbed. r-\cj^l insidg, 
f-j • J-j^ az'ar^ without tail, 
fem.\jCj za'^ra,pl. /-jzulT, 
Ap^yjx;a'ji5'a, spike orlop green 
par I of a sugar-cane,/)^, •) jW j 



za asy . 
s-if- J ( i-ipj,, ) ,;a"af, to clean or 
sweep with a palm-tree 
branch. u^'j\ izza^^af^ or 
Us^yMtza^^fjio be cleaned, 
swept, ^jfiy muza''^af, or 
._iP-_>L. mitza^^af^ cleaned, 
swept. t-AjpJ ziyf, or k_i.pj: 
taz^yf, act of cleaning, 
sweeping, ^e-j ^a'a/,palm- 
tree brandies, sg'. *»Wj 
za^'dfa^ pi. cJi\cj za'afdt; 
^jie^j\jo- hadd el za^af, Palm 
^\yp-jza'fardn, saffron. 

iyjio^y.)^o,'^'l (ji^'aq) or 
za^'aq, to cry out, shout, 
sliriek. j-pJ ziyq^ shouts, 
shrieks,cries, sg .tie- ^za" qa , 
pi. olapj za'qdt. 

<>J ( J*Ji ) - i'i' (jiz'al), to be 
angry^ offended, irritated, 
annoyed, bored. J*j ^a"ai, 
to offend, irritate, annoy, 
bor€, Jcj ^a'aZ, anger, irri- 
tation, annoyance. o^J 
za'ldn, angry, offended. 

irritated, annoyed, bored,/)/. 
u<'!:>^J sa'lanyn. 

AiltJ zi'lifa^ see AiU-J 
"-"i^ J •s'i'i//', see .^icj 

o^j^i'yq, see jpj 
■itj (^ Jfcj,! ) zagad ( juzgud j, to 
thrust, polie. jfcj'i inzagad, 
orjij\itzagad,to be thrust, 
poked. :>y^^5'Md, thrust, 
poked, jcj zagd, act of 
thrusting, poking. ,ji.jzag- 
da,a tlirust,a poke,i3i.olj£.j 

>J ( >7. ) ^^^^'^ {juzgur ), to 
stare, looli sternly; <u» ^pJ 
zagar fyh^he stared at him, 
he looked daggers at him. 
,jpj zagra, a stare, a stern 
look, j3i. Oi jpj zagrdt. 

i,j.j ( -i»jpji ^ zagrat, to make 
cries of joy. aI.jC.j zagrata, 
act of maldng cries of joy. 
id»jjPj zagr{ita, a cry of joy, 
jsZ. ia^jltj zagaryt. 

^JrJ ( ^>Ji ) ^(^graf, or ^>J 
zahraf, to decorate, adorn, 
embellish, ^jt J 1 izzagraf, 




or_i_,frjrl it^agraf, to be 
decorated, adorned embel- 
lished. OjC-> musagraf, 
decorated, adorned, embel- 
lished. *ij-j ^agrafa, deco- 
ration, adornment, embel- 
A.I, pj :;a^rAta, see J»_,cj 
^> J ( ^>j; ) ^0,9 "<^9, to tickle. 
i- jp jl i^^ag:;ag, to be tickled. 
ic Ji- j -a g~aga, act of tickling. 
JaPj ( i^_>; ) ^ajraf ( jiisgut ), to 
swallow. Iip-j: I in^agat, to 
be swallowed. J»^t yma::gti{^ 
swallowed. Li^j ^ag-^, act of 
swallowing. *kc-j zugutta, 
or aJJ j zuqutta, hiccough. 

look from one thing to the 
other, cheat: j^^tj ^^.^ '^ni/ 
^agalet, I did not know 
which to choose, ^'cjzaglil, 
to daze. Jtj zagal, false, 
deception; Jtj ^.'^ ' umla 
^afl'ai,false coin.*)J<ij ja^Z/ta^ 
act of dazing.^a^Zt7, 

JjIpj zagldl, young bind, pi. 
JjHc.j zagalyl ; ia^^\ ^}^j 
zaglitl el gH, field rat. 

'J J ( Ij ji ) -a/T (ji^ift), to lead 
in a procession. vJj'l inzaff, 
or ^ j:l itzaff, to be led in a 
procession, oj •s^ot^, act of 
leading in a procession. « J 
zaffa, ( bri<Tal ) procession, 
pi. vl-Uj zaffdt. 

tjij zafdra, secjsj 

■^J (>.i-»j! ) zaffit, to cover or 
smear with pitch, caulk, 
spoil, ^>'j\ iz zaffit, or z^j\ 
it zaffit, to be covered or 
smeared with pitch.caulked^ 
spoiled. zj>y muzaffit, 
covered or smeared with 
pitch, caulked, spoiled; a«jJui 
*3j. hudCimoh muzaffita, 
his clothes are greasy. ^l,JJ 
tazfyt, act of covering or 
smearing with [litcli, caulk- 
ing, spoiling. ^»j zift, 
pitch, asphaltom; j,»JI tfj 
saj ez zift, as bad as pitch, 
very bad, very ugly. 



j»j ( jy. )^affar, to soil with 
grease^ give solid food to a 
convalescent. j'j\ iszaffar, 
or jj\ itzaffar, to be soiled 
with grease, jy muzaffar^ 
soiled with grease. Jj za- 
far^ grease. ,j\»} zafdra, 
greasiness, filthiness; ,j\ij 
Q\Ji\zafdret el lisdn,Sihuse, 
defamation. _^J^ i/ir,greasy; 
jj j*;lJ lisdnoh zifir, he is 
a reviler/oul-mouthed, foul, 

iaiij .JalJ'jl ( JaU>. ) U^^afiat, OV 

Itlij-'l itxaflat, to slip^ glide. 
Jalij,. mu;^aflat, slippery, 
smooth. *k\i j ^aflata^ slip- 
JJ( 'J ji )-«?(? (juzuqq), to 
push, shove, instigate, urge. 
Jjjj zaq^aq^ to chirp; 4I.4P 
<_.\ixJ\ Je J j'jj; '^dqloh hizaq. 
zaq "alal kitdh, he covets 
the book, he wishes to get 
the book. J j' I inzaqq, or j,y\ 
itzaqq,io be pushed,shoved; 
^j i33u ^tamally jinzaqq 

fyhum, he always forces 
himself on them. J^ymaz- 
Q&q, pushed, hidden, jj 
saqq, act of pushing. 4»j 
zaqqa, a push, pZ. olij 
saqqdt, 4»j,»j zaqzaqa, act 
of chirping. J^jiJ zaqz^q, 
young bird, small fish, pi. 
J. j\5 j zaqazyq. 
Jak»j ( Lk; ji ) saqtat, to be gay, 
merry, in ecstasy. iaJ»i_j« 
muzaqtat, gay, merry, in 
ecstasy. -tJJaSj^ag^a^a^gayety, 
A.k»j zuqutta, see iatj 

^J zuqla, cudgel, jsZ. ^}ijzuqal. 

f J ( 7 ji ) aaqqam, orjjj ^ag- 
gag, to feed from mouth to 
mouth, feed into the mouth 
( birds). ^yS to,*Qyfyi,or^}Jj' 
iazqyq, act of feeding from 
mouth to mouth, feeding 
into tlie mouth. 

iJj ( 'iJj. ) zakk (ju:^ukk J, to 
limp.iJ j~-a/i;/c,act of limping. 

"^'^zaka, or »}€':> zakdwa, 
intelligence. iSi zaky^ 







intelligent,, pZ. iS^jl azkyja. 
^ ;sikaj charity, alms. 

^'€} sakdm , see Cj 

fi ( _^i( ) sakar (jtukur), to 
mention^ take part in the 
sikr,j>':isakkar^to remind. 
yji\ inzakar, to be men- 
tioned, fj^ tasakkar, or 
jTj.;! i7.-c(/c/far^to remember, 
j/jt. ma;:kiir^ mentioned. 
j> i ^JA;r, mention; f'i sikr^ 
religious Mohamedan cere- 
mony of howling men, pi. 
jlTil a;skdr; f^\ _ilU s&lif 
ez zikr^ above mentioned. 
^ zakar , sexual organ in 
the male. j^'Si tazkyr, act 
of reminding. .^Ju to^/cara, 
note, certificate, ticket, pi. 
jfTi; ta^dkir; *..!, .jTi" 
tazkara Hbhyja, medical 
prescription; aj^s: o^^^ia^- 
/cara to/ir«/ya,bill of health; 
jij» ;j>'Jj iazkaret mur{ir, 
pei-mit, passport, pass; jjj 
j<rjj waraq tazdkii\ note 
paper, j-}-^ tazkargy, 

booking clerk, pi. *^f^^ 
tazkargyja. .jTji, mtizak. 
kara, note, memorandum, 
pi. Cj\^1» muzakkardt. 
,jiTJL. muzdkra^ discussion, 
pi. ^Ij^fi. muzakrdt. jf'^ 
zakk yr ,how\mg man in the 
zikr, pi. ijf':> zakkyra. 

^(fy.) zakkim, or ^jM 
inzakam, to have a rheum, 
have a cold in the head. 
Sj. muzakkim, or c/j* 
mazkAm, one who has a 
rheum or a cold in the head. 
J>y tazkym, or*^ zukdm, 
cold of the head, catarrh. 

(> j> zaky, see K^ 
*^fj zikyba, corn-sack, pi.w^tfe'j 

jipi zakkyr^ see _p i 

*Ji ('Ji. ) ^ai^ (jizill), to 
humble, humiliate. 'Jill 
inzallj or "Ji.M itzall, to be 
humbiod, humiliated. JJirl 
itzallil, to humble or humi- 
liate one's self, ^})l^ mazldl, 
or Ji.;* munzall, humbiod. 




humiliated. Js ^aZZ,humilia- 
tion,vileness. '^}V^::dll^mean■, 
a3Ija:-p '^/lo/i zdlla, he is 
grasping, he is mean. 

4^_Vj zaldbja* sweet jelly, a 
thin pancake; oU^I i^J^ 
ajVj mws /sTf^^ eZ waq^dt 
xraM6/a, you shall not always 
get off scot free; JlVj 
zalahdny, seller oizaldhja. 

jVj zaldl, fresh, pure, clear 
water; ^_^J\ jVj ^aMi ei 
6^d, or jji.J^ ^^U| bajdd el 
hid^ the white of eggs, 

Jj'j(Jjbi) ^o,l3il, to shake, 
quake; o^jlj LlJI cd dinja 
zalsilet^ there has been 
an earthquake. aIj'j ^jZ_ 
*{7a, earthquake, pZ. JjVj 

Jalj ( Jal ji ) zallat^ to strip one 
naked. Ja! 'jl izzallat, or 
Jalj'l itsallat, to be stripped 
naked. Ja^j ^■aZ^, nakedness; 
la^jll 6JZ zalt, naked. 

Llj ^ato^,pebbles,.'?p'.Al»3 J^atoto, 

pZ. ^IJaJj ^-aZafdf ; Jalj aJ,"*^ 
''umla zalat, copper coin. 
A.Jj zala'a^ large enamelled jar, 

pZ. J J ^JZa'. 
j)j ( j);i ) zallaq, to be muddy, 
slippery, j^j. muzallaq, 
muddy, slippery, jlj zalaq, 
or 4»Sj zalaqa, mud ; LJI 
Ailj ed dinja zalaqa, the 
streets are muddy. cM^j* 
mazlaqdn, slope of access, 
inclined plane, ramp, cause- 
way,pZ.^l;l2!j. mazlaqandt. 
tilli sdlik ^thSit;' zdlik, 
It ( Iki ) salam ( juslum ), to 
do injustice, tyrannize, it! I 
inzalam, orlUI itzalam, 
to be unjustly treated. VUI 
itzallim, to complain, j^jlii* 
mazldm, unjustly treated. 
lij zulm, or A,.jl]i zul^tma, 
injustice, tyranny. jilt^-^lZim, 
unjust, tyrant,oppressor ,pZ. 
t^lli zalmyn. 
i*j5j( Jj5\ ) ^aZZ^mef (elfyl), 





snout or trunk of an elephant. 
^S ( aJu ) samm (Ji^imm ), to 
blame, calumniate,, censure, 
^j isammim, to give the 
oath, sell on credit, ^iil 
in^amm, or ^Jjl itsamm, 
to be blamed. *^^miim, 
blamed, blamable. ^ ■> samm, 
or K»l, misamma, blame, 
censure. *.i simma^ or *»i 
dimma, conscience, respon- 
sibility;jj.i U'ato simmity, 
I give you my word of 
honour; j»-U\ i*j W 'ato 
zimmet ei tdgir, to the 
account of the merchant; 

conscientious; a.. Jl JJi gaZ«/Z 
exr zimma, unscrupulous; 
^^j> Jc li jli-l ei homdr da 
'ala zimmitak J this donkey 
is at your disposal. oUUV 
zimamdtj credits, 
fJ ( f y. ) zamm ( juzumm), to 
tie together. .ji| inzamm, 
Or *j,M Itzamm^ to be tied 

together, ^j zamm, act of 
tying together. j^J.J\ *Uj 
zimdm el ftatod^tax-paying 
lands of a village; (.UJI Ji-I^ 
d(i6i^ ^'^ zimdm, tax-pay- 
ing land; ^Ujll r-j^ ^d/'ig' 
e^ zimdm, lands which 
pay no taxes. 
tjtjzummdra, see j.j 
j;jUj zamdn, see j^ j 
<kluj *<*^&<^^i/(<^/ row, quarrel, 
4:* j zamta, closeness of atmos- 
j*J ij'j'. ) ^OLmmar^ to play the 
zummdra. ,_>Uj zummAra^ 
reed musical instrument, 
pi. vi-ljUj zummardt; jjUj 
iJ)\zummdreter raqaba, 
wind-pipe. jUj. muzmdr^ 
native musical instrument 
used in bridal processions, 
i'jtjzumurrid, emeralds, sg. 
»ij«J zumurrida,pl. ol^yj 
Vj«j zamzamyja, soldier's wa- 
ter-bottle,/)^.- jL J^cwiti^ tm. 



Ja«J .( Ja.« j; ) .samat or zammat^ 
to tighten. ]A:'y' tax myt, act 
of tightening. 
si^tjzimlik, hut, pi. ^Uj za- 

o'j •u'-'l ((j'J'.) i^^nan {jizmin), 
to continue for a long time, 
be chronic (disease). ^»j. 

muzmin, chronic. 

a* J 

zaman,ov c^-'j samdn,iin\Q, 
long time; o^«J ^» min 
zamdn, long ago, c^*y. bi 
zamdn,bY far,far and away; 
oUj (y v_-ls^l ashdb min 
zamdn, friends of old stan- 
ding; U* o^*J ^ loh zamdn 
/lena, has he been long here? 
c^U aJUj zamdnoh gdj, he 
he will not be long coming, 
he will soon be here ; J Cj^ 

(j^ Jr'j ^'^'J ^^^ /^^ zamd- 
noh rdgil gany, he was 
formerly a rich man; o^J J** 
ahl zamdn, people of old; 
j^l.j J»p- gum'et zamdn, a 
week's time, in a week. 
i»yLf»j zamantiHt,'' bandit, bandits. 

A.«i zimma, see *i 
ji.<.«J zumm^r , rye. 
^■:>jzimyl, colleague, comrade, 
/)Z. ^Lj zumala, or >j^j 

'OJ ( 'O J: ) zann {jizinn), to 
hum,grumble. 'jjzann, act 
of humming, grumbling . 
^li(J^i) zann {jizinn or 
juzunn ), to think, suspect; 
*:' (j^^. ^"'^ "^^'^ bazinn fyh, 
or AJ J'\ii \>\anazdninfyh, 
I suspect him.j^^njin, 
thought of, suspected, ex- 
pected. '^ zann, thought, 
suspicion, pi, c^^^ zunAn; 
jji Jc "ala zanny, I think. 
oUii zanndn, suspicious 
person, pi, ^^^jJlJi zannanyn, 
l"j ^ina, see j J 

j\;j zindd, gun_hammer, joL 
» zinaddt, 

J I; J zindq, see jlj 

ijl:i; zanndn, see jt 

^i(w'-ij^ zannib, to punish, 
^iil i^na6,to sin, transgress, 
do wrong, ^il izzannib, 




to be punished. ^Ji ^anb, 
fault, guilt, pi. wjyj zanAh. 
^Jjj ta^nyb, punishment. 
,^l»mu2n ib, guilty, pi. ji<jX' 
^^jj^anbaq, lily, sg. <ljj zan- 

baqa,pl. jAij zandbiq. 
<i^j j zanbalik ^ spring of a car- 
riage or of a watch_,/3i.o'5CL;j 
jyjj sanb{iT\ clitoris. 
J;j J zanbyl* large native basket^ 
pi. ,y^}^j zanabyl. 
j^j .>• jl (>' ji ) i^zantar, to be 
sullen^ haughty. >ij«ma^an- 
tar, sullen, haughty. «>;j 
zantara, crossness. suUen- 
ness, haughtiness. 
Jj^J sangabyl, see Jj jv?- 
^jzingo* zinc, 
jti J zangyr* sec ^_ >>• 
^■3 ( j^j! ) ^CLnnaJi, to become 
rancid, iij zinib, rancid; 
^j 4l.jft 'aqloh zinib, he is 
*)lji J «in«dna, close cell for 

zJ^j'j zanzalabt, Persian lilac. 

S'J ( li'ji ) xanaq, (juznaq), to 
press, squeeze, jij zannaq, 
to press many things toge- 
tlier; viAjUi j;j zannaq 
kitdbiak, write closely 1 
^^IjM inzanaq, or j.;j;l j^xra- 
nft^jtobe pressed, squeezed. 
jl'jl izzannaq, or jijrl if_ 
zannaq^io be pressed toge- 
ther, jy^^ma^niig, pressed, 
squeezed, jij. muzannaq, 
pressed together; A.l\y AiliS' 
kitdba muzannaqa, close 
writing, jlj zanq, or jJjr 
taznyq, act of pressing, 
squeezing. <.»; j zanqa, pres- 
sure, gonorrhea; Aiijl XcU. 
sd'ei ez zanqa, time of 
difficulty or hardship. jl'J 
;;• md^Z , chain- strap, pZ. vjli^i J 
zinaqdt. Auy maznaqa, 
necklace, pi. j/lj. mazdniq. 

j^j zanqAr, corner, niche, pi. 

j6\ij zanaqyr. 
j^j ( _,^j._ ) sanhar* to stand 





to attention. j\^j zinhAr, 
attention! (mil.). 

jfJ* ( j(^ ) so,nhar^ to be deep 
red ( wound ). 

(jj ( J ji ) ^ana (jixny), to 
commit adultry. VI J xina, 
adultry ; I' J J; I ibn zina, 
illegitimate son, scoundrel, 
rogue, rascal. Jlj sAny, 
adulterer, pi, .lij zunA. oMj 
zAnja, prostitute, pi. i^ljj 

w.»i ( w^-^i ) zahab (Jizhab ), to 
go_,goaway. ^\i zAhib, 
going, going away. vjUS 
zihAb, act of going, depar- 
ture, ^jf mazhab, belief, 
creed, chorus, pi. _^lJu 
mazAhib ; *j»1ju «ii»l (^Jb 
biddy atalla'^ mazAhboh, I 
shall serve him rightly, I 
shall pay him dearly. 

ji*j ( j.»j,_ ) zihid ( jizhad ), to 
be indifferent to,dislike.Ji*l J 
zAhid, ascetic, pi. ^Uj 
zuhhAd, ji»j 5^u/icf,renunci- 
ation of the world. Ji>j 

zahyd, partial, small, in- 

_,»j( juTj^) zahhar , to flower, 
blossom; J^iS\ j»J zahhar 
el gasyl, put blue in the 
washing! j*'j^ muzahhar, 
bearing flowers or blossoms. 
j*.%j: to*/if/r, act of flower- 
ing, jhj zahr, flowers, 
blossoms, sg. .j»j zahra, 
pi. wlj»J zahr At, or j^kj 
zuhdr; J-->i^\ IjikJ zahret 
el gasyl, blue for washing. 
*ij*J ^a/i A" (//a, flower-vase, 
pi. O^ijkj zuhryjAt. «.U-I 
j»jVI elgAmi' elashar, the 
Arhar mosque. (^j»^l t/»J.I 
elmarad ez zuhry, venereal 

jf^ ( j^. ) zahar (Jizhar), to 
appear. jj.l;| azhar, to cause 
to appear, produce. j»ll; 
zAhir, apparent, visible. 
jy^)i zuhdr, appearance. 
Zi\jyfiizuhurAt, temporary, 
provisional ; Clj^^ fjjt-" 
mastoftdim zuhurdt. 





temporary employ^, 
j^ ( Jbjo- ) zahr (hadyd), cast 

j^ ( w^l ) :;ahr (cl Wb), dice. 

iSj^j xuhry, see j»j 

» j*J C * j'j: ) -yahzah, to shine 
brilliantly ( light ). aaj>^j 
sahzaha, brilliancy of 

<i*J(j*J'.) ^^^^Q (jUhaq), to 
have too much of^ be dis- 
gusted or weary of. j.»J 
zahhaq^ to cause to have 
too much of, cause to be 
weary or disgusted of *i>} 
sahqa,diisg\xsi,c^\lf}zahqdn , 
disgusted of, weary of, 
sick of. 

A«j zahma, stink, stench. 

jy^ zuMir, d.ndi<Zj\j^3uhurdt^ 
see j^ 
^lol.y.j zuhumdt el bahr^ sea-fruit. 

jl.»j zahyd, see A*j 
AaJ-l ji Jwi higga, see ^f* 
»ju2J\ji^ai gi'da, seejuJ 

ti\ij zuwdda^ see i\j 

Jl.jj^aM;(t/, see Jlj 

itiij z6ba''a, sand-storm, whirl- 
wind, pi. <i\ij zawdbi\ 

io-jj zdha, see ?-IJ 
jjj{jjj)ziwir(jizwar)^ to 
be choked. j*jj zauwar, to 
falsify /orge.jj'jl i^^ftaujar, 
or j'j^'l it zauwar, to be 
falsified, forged. j*jj«» ma- 
zauwar, falsified, forged. 
ji^iy tazwyr, falsification, 
fabrication, forgery, per- 
jury, pi. Cj\jjj tazwyrdt, 
or ji^ljr tazawyr. jij z6r^ 
throat; »jij Ja-j rdgil 
bizdrohj lonely man. o'j^J 
zawrdn, choked, j/y mu- 
zauwar, or j)\y muzdwir, 
cheat, forger, counterfeiter, 
pl. Ci-jiy muzauwaryn, or 
Cx-ji^ymuzdwryn. jjj z&r^ 
force, violence, forgery, 
perjury; j^jlli .IjLiI istardh 
biz z&r, he had difficulty in 
buying it; j^Jol^ iihdda 
z{ir^ false testimony. 

^U.J3 xa wagd n , see c. 1 j 

<-»3j'3'<5A see o'J 




j)i zdq, see jli 

J ij ( Sij. ) ^aumaq, to adorn, 
embellish, decorate. J jjl 
izzauwaq, or J'jjrl itzau- 
loaq, to be adorned, embel- 
lished, decorated. j'jj. 
muzauwaq, orj'j>« mi^- 
sauwaq^ adorned, embel- 
lished, decorated ; *ijy asjj 
waraqa muzauwaqa^hgu- 
re (in playing cards), jj^j; 
to^a)?/g, adornment, embel- 
lishment, decoration. iLj^ 
taswyqa,aLn ornament, pi. 
jjjij; tazawyq. 

^jijzdl, see Jlj 

pj^'dm, see»lj 

<S3J{iS}y.) sawa {jixwij),\.o])ut 
in a corner, put aside, 
conceal. (Si'j\ insawa^ov 
iSij:\ itzawa, to be put in a 
corner, put aside, concealed. 
1S3J' rryXzwy, or (Sij^ 
munsiwy, put in a corner, 
put aside, concealed, (^jj 
sawy, act of putting in a 
corner, putting aside, con- 

cealment.A* jl j -s'dtoyajangle, 
square, corner, tomb of a 
sill, small mosque, pi. Ujj 

i^^ij suwily, wooden dish. 
c5j ^aj,as,like; ^y-j^ayjuhum, 
like them; I jT" (i J zaj keda, 
like this, so; iiy *'^* hdtoh 
hi sayjoh, or a.u iS y_ aJU 
hdtoh hi zaj minnoh , bring 
it as it is! bring the whole 
of it! ^M. (Sj zo,j rnC' kdn, 
as it used to be; di! ^l^i U (j j 
zaj ma quit lak, as I told 

^tjzayjdt, see^j -^ 

ii\jzijdda, secilj 

tj^jzijdra, see jlj 

jj. j 5'^bag,mercury, quicksilver. 

^J ( ^:>. ) ■^'^yJ'-h to oil. ^. 3I 
izsayjit, or^^ijrl itsayjit, 
to be oiled. ^)j. muzayjit, 
or »i»i>« mitzayjit, oiled, 
^..j; tazyjyt, act of oiling. 
^:>J ;r^^, oil,/)i. >l>y_j^iijiit. 
C^J sayjdtj oil merchant, 
/)Z. *;\jj sayjdta, or u^i^J 




sayjatyn. aij. majjata, 
oil-can^ oil-tin^ pl^ ^Jj* 

olive-trees, sg. *.! ^^ J ;setil- 
na, pi. wlJ/jJ zetundt-j 
a'i^) j*ei6na_,native necklace. 

( tit^ayjar ), to wear the 
tasyra or ixdr, tj; 
$ay jar a, or J 'Ji^ mltzayja. 
ra, one who is wearing the 
tazyra or^jtazyra, 
ladies' robe worn under the 
hahara^pl.Ci\j_^ tajyrdt, 
jljl ij(ir, white shawl worn 
by native women out of I, 

doors^ pi. ^\j\}\^y 
mtizayjara, female demon, 
pi, oljjj. musayjardt, 

jij .syr ^iar, native filter, pi. 

j\)j\ asjdr. tj^y masjara, 

jar or filter stand, pi. jAy. 

masdjir ,oY^\j,ymasjardt. 

4.kj j sita, see Jaij 

(ij(j!>-) ■s-at/jag', to creak, 
squeak,cut( paper, cloth,etc.) 
into long narrow slips, jjj: 
ta:;yjyq, act of creaking, 
squeaking, cutting into long 
narrow slips, ji J ^t/g, long 
narrow slip, pi. j\j\azjdq. 

A,:) J zyna,scc^\j 



.U {.^^2'\ ) .sdfjisy), or A^\asd, 

"s. ■* 

to do evil; ^:>VI Ul asd el 
a(ia6,hemisbeliavcd liimself. 
tym sato or sCi, evil ; ^^k >^- 
s^t /ia^,/m, indigestion; »^- .»j 

fto/' sato, scape-goat ; »^- 
*..^fi. .s^i mafhumyja, mis- 
understanding. ,*LI iycJa, 
offence, pi. C.ILI isa(ti. .^.« 
sayji, bad, evil-doer, /)/. 



jjjjL- sayjiyn. a1^ sayjia^ 
evildeed^ wicked action, pi. 
•ZX^sayjidt; <jll^ *^y^f.^j 
rdjihakaffar loh sayjid- 
toh, I shall serve him 
rightly, I shall pay him 

wL ( ^;-j) sdb (jisyb), to leave, 
let go, let at large; *_>U. jli-l 
el, homdr sdb, the donkey 
has broken loose; »ijL A.d»i 
batnoh sdbit, he has the 
diarrhoea. ^«-. sayj'ib, to 
leave,, let go; w-^So au- 
sayjiboh jiktib, let him 
write! ,_^-l Jssaj/y{6,or..^-JI 
itsayjib, to be left, let loose. 
^_L sdjib, loose, untied, 
free, at large. ^^ s^6, or 
^^^^tasyjyb, act of leaving, 
letting go, letting at large. 

^\i sdbit J see^ 

«jL.«£l6i', see »_-. 

AiL sdbqa, see j.- 
l^UL sagdt* castanettes. 

^L ( 5-_^-j ) s(t/i (jusAh),OT ^^-1 
issauwah, or r-^'l itsau- 

wah^ to travel. a^-L- sijdha, 
journey, voyage, travel, pZ. 
vlUl^ sijahdt. ^L sdjih, 
or ^\'y^ sauwdh, traveller, 
tourist, pZ. ^L- syjdh, or 
»-l^-. suwdh, or (jt<»-l^ 3da- 
wahyn;^\^4^'aqloh sdjih, 
his wits have gone wool- 
gathering. Ao-L sdha, open 
ground, pZ. vl^WL sahdt. 

^U ( ^. ) sd/i (jisyh), to melt, 
flow, jt^ sayjah, to cause to 
melt, cause to flow; ao ^ 
sayjah dammoh, he woun- 
ded him. *iL sdjih, melted, 
flowing. ^*-' tasyjyh, act of 
causing to melt, causing to 
J».L sd/iiZ, coast, sea or river 
shore, pi. ^\y- sawdhil-, 
J».l^\ jp ii^ maslahet 
gafar es sawdhil, coast 
guard service. 

^L ( r^-.) ) sddQ'usAb), to faint. 
jsV- sdjifi, one who is 
fainting, ^li-^ sawal}dn,act 
of fainting. 


iL (iy^Jsdd\jusAd), to govern^ 
rule. xL. sdj id, governing, 
ruling. »jL- sijdda, power, 
authority, dignity, lordshiip; 
yjL- sijdditkum , your 
lordship. Jl^ say j id or syd, 
lord, master, pi, ^L.! asjdd. 
^~. sy, abbreviation of ^ a^ 
*Wi/;«^'-i^-5*J^ s^h^ssaddt^ 
chief of the saddi ( descen- 
dants of Mohammed). 
jj»jL sddis, see c— 

•iL sdda* alone, simple, with- 
out sugar ( coffee, tea, etc.). 

jL ( jj^_ ) sdr ijisyr), to go on, 
walk, proceed. j:L sdjir, 
current, all, rest; ^U\ jiL 
sdjiren nds^ the public; 
j,L ^'^ kaldm sdjir^ small 
talk, idle talk. j>- s^r, 
vj^-iVl jy- s^r ei ashyn, 
cavalry walk; jU\ j>-. sSrel 
gdr^ trot. jj,^. masjar, 
conversation, talk. 

»-jL sdrih, see y-j>* 

^3JL6•d^ig, see J^- 

^ij^sartih, rocket, pi' 'Aj\y 
sawaryb; r-jjL.U jj *!!» 
<i7r ^o/es saril^, he went 
out like a shot. 

iSj^sdry, see j^^ 

^_;.U. (|_^^-j) sds {jusAs), to lead, 
manage; J^l (_^^-j Jj^ \» 
ma Hrifs Justis el walad, 
he could not humour the boy. 
4-L. sijdsa, management, 
statesmanship, diplomacy ; 
4-L-j bi sijdsa, gently, with 
care. ^j^\^ sdjis, groooi, pi. 
j_^L. syj'ds, (C-L. sijdsy, 
statesman, diplomate, pi. 

JaL ( Ja_.j ) sdt (j'isyt), to be too 
liquid, relaxed. iaA^ sdjit, 
liquid, relaxed. 
jA^ satAr,* large heavy knife 
( for mincing meat, etc.), pi. 
jJ»l^ sawatyr. 
frU { frLj ) sd" , to hold, con- 
tain. ijU sdji\ holding, 
containing; ^.^U ^j.j^ L ma 
haddis sdj'oh, he respects 
no one, he has become 




. independent or concieted. 

ic\^ sd^a^ hour ^ pi. Cj\c\.^ sa^dt-^ 
^.>. JpU sd^et gib, watch; 
Jc;o. ScL sd^et Mt, clock; 
A(..u «cL sd'a munabbiha, 
alarm_watch; 4^-.!.^ 4cL sd'a 
samsyja, sun-dial ; (ij ^U 
4cU\ mcisf/ isaj es sd^a, he is 
as regular as a clock; I. icL 
(^ s4'e^ ma jigy, as soon 
as he comes; ^ lJi»l 4cL sd'a 
liqudddm, as soon as possi. 
ble^ the sooner the better; 
*c\Ji\ ^idik es sd^a, or I^pL 
sd'etha, at that moment, 
then, therefore; ic\^)JLc.*c[^ 
s-^j. sd'a jimsy we sd^a 
jirkab, he sometimes walks 
and sometimes rides; ^J^,.\ 
j\j^ ba^d sawd^'y, now and 
then, occasionally. ^\cL 
sa'dty, watch-maker, pi. 
4-ilcL sa^atyja. 

ypL sd'y^ see j^ 

^L ( ^^.^1 ) sdg ( yasr^s- ), to be 
lawful. ^_L sctyi^, lawful. 

jU( j^-j ) sdg (jusAq), to 

drive, urge, cause to go; jU 
4!>ijlsdg er ra^dla^ he 
pushed impudence far; j^jU 
t)^\ ^y sdqny^ala ah,{i h , he 
asked me to intercede for 
him with his brother, j^^. 
maswaq, to urge with a 
stick. jlJl insdq, or jl-JI 
iisd-g, to be driven, urged, 
caused to go. jjL sdjiqfine 
who is driving. *sl^-. suwd- 
qcc, act of driving, driving 
fast. Jl'j- saiiwdq, (engine) 
driver,^;. ^^[<; I ^- saw loag-f/n. 
jL- sijdq^ intercessor, 
intercession,pZ. wl»U- sija- 
qdi; ^^W jL.- J fy sijdq 
el kaldm^ in the course of 
conversation. *5^-..mastoaga, 
cudgel, thick stick, pl.jiL.* 
_^L sdqiz or sdkiz, Chio. Jj»U. 
sdqizly, appertaining to f 
Chio ; Jj;L Jjc- 'araqy . 
sdqizly, mastic (liquor). 

JajUs(igJ(, sec iaa- 

ij\^sdqja^ see J- 




cS\^ sdkit, seej,C 
^\. sdkin, see ^^ 
fi^sdko* long overcoat, /)Z. 

^\f\^ sakowdt. 
JL( J.-J ; sdlQ'isyl), to flow, 

be liquid. JjU sdyi7, liquid, 

pi. JjI^- sawdjil. J-- .s^^^, 

flood, torrent, j3i. J^^ su- 

ji!il.C)%''Sajaldn, fiow , flux. 
J L ( J l-J ) saal {jisal), to ask, 

inquire; Uc JJ LI U U ana h,jj^iU sand ?o is,* sandwich 

ma asals ''al^h, I do not ^^\^,sdnja,sQQ^^> 

pi. ^Vl_y- sualdt. a!1-* or 
41L-.J masahx, case, aA'air^ 
problem, pZ. Jfl-.. masdil. 

^ijil^sdlik, seecHU 

lU sdlim, see L. 

i^L sdmir, group of men assem. 
bled at night for singing, 
etc., public singing party. 

-,L sdm i\ see »o- 

^.L*'a^"^'*, see JL^ 

care for him, I snap my fin- 

gersathim; jUU Jc UU 

saalna 'alal 'ayjdn, we 

inquired after the patient. 

■t 1 msaaZjOr JLII itsaal, 

to be asked, interrogated, 
held responsible. JfL sdi7, 
to have intercourse with. 
J'Ls4i7, one who asks or 
inquires ; JfL J.> y» huwa 
mussdil, heroes not care, 
he is indifferent. J^t-..mas6Z, 
interrogated, responsible. 
K\y^> mastdijja, responsi- 
bility. Jl^- sudl, question, 


J»L sdhil, see J^^ 
j^U^'fi^j/, see^^ 
^_U sdjih, see ^\- 
<iUsdji/i,see ^L 
j,L ( j^Ui ) 6^<iyf>, or Ijj j-Ll 
issdjir wayja, or Ij ^.LJI 
itsdjlr wayja, to have a 
conversation with,entertain. 
politeness, amiability. y\^ 
musdjir, polite, amiable, 
pl. oijiL.. mumjryn.' 
jA^sdJir, scejL 
^,\- sdjis, see ^__^L 



JajL sdjit^ see i»U 

jjL sdjig, see jL 

JiLsd/iZ, see JL 

w*- ( 1 1 ) sabb (j'isibb ), to 

abuse, swear at, defame. 
wA- sabbib, to cause. ^-Ji- 
sabsib, to smooth the hair. 
k^-JI insabbfir ^.Ji itsabb, 
to be abused, defamed. ^^-1 
issa6&J6, or wk-.n itsabbib, 
to be the cause, trade. _^t-l 
issa&sjfe, to be smoothed. ^^ 
sabbfir A.k~,misabba, abuse, 
defamSition. ^i,^mussabbib, 
or^w:. mitsabbib, dealer, 
sqWqt ,pl,fj^i.^tm.ussabbibyn. 
._,_4.-., musabsib, smoothed 
hair. ,_.w sabab, cause, 
reaso n,goo ds, p Z. k_,U- las M &. 
4»-a-. sabs iba, act of smooth- 
ing the hair.w>.-.> tasabbub, 
act of causing, trade. *;^.- 
sabbAba^ a job, joZ. ol^- 
sabbubdt, t^ sibba, reason; 
*■:'*:- Jc '«to si66eZ ^, why? 
what for? 
cMsCLbdt^ see^ 

JL- siMZy, see jL-1 
r-U-s?M6, see <i- 
-i'U- subdt, roofed lane. 
S^" sibdq^ see j.- 
^L-«saZ?dnt6, seoiiL.1 
•^i^ sabab, see ^- 
•-^' ( «^.-i ) sabat (jisbit ), or 
^'lasbai,to prove, confirm. 
C.;' sJftiZ, to fix, be proved, 
be confirmed . ^t sabbit, to 
fix, prove,confirm. ^J tabbit, 
to hold fast or firmly, be 
tenacious. .^-Jl insabat, or 
cJ^\ iisabal, to be proved, 
confirmed. 0|^' sdbit, firm, 
solid,proved, confirmed; t^_^ 
»:^_lt Zdn sdbit, fixed colour. 
O;^' Zd6i/, fixed, fast. cj^« 
masftii Z,fixed,proved, con- 
firmed. >i.^tl ?as6?/Z, confirma- 
tion. wLt \isbd t,confirmation, 
proof, evidence, pi. sZ^\j\J\ 
isbatdt ; cUVl ^^ suhicd 
el isbdt, evidence in support 
of a charge. oUt sabdt, 
firmness, perseverance. wU 
tah<Xt, firmness, tenacity. 



z^.utabyt,tcnacio\is, cheeky. 
^^( Jl J.J. ) sabt (jam es ), 

Saturday^ joi. aJ^*^ subCita. 
c^^sabat' basket, pi, oU*- 

j^.^ sibtimbar* September. 

^(^-4) sabbih, to praise 
God. ^tr-' tasbyh, act of 
praising. 4^ sibha, or a^s-* 
masbaha, rosary, string of 
beads, pi. if sibah, or ^l-.. 
mccsdbih. ^\ o^*r" subhdn 
alldh, praise be to God ! 

ii- ( is-4 ) sabbah, to manure; 
J jt" ^» huwa sabbah ly, he 
swore at me, he gave it 
to me hot, he reprehended 
me. ^1 issabbal}, or i^-M 
itsabbah, to be manured. 
■^r^Hasbyh, act of manuring, 
reprehending. ^ sabali, or 
^L- sibdh, manure. 

«-- ( ..-i ) sabba\ to complete 
seven days. »»- saba\ or 
*«*-. saba'^a, seven ; ytl:*-- 
sabaHdsar, seventeen. t^«.-, 
sab^yn, seventy. vL st^^T, 

the seventh one. «.- 5a6', 
one seventh part, pi. «-l»-l 
asM'.P'^j-saft^'^the seventh 
day ( after wedding, birth 
of child, etc. ). f-f^\ asbA\ 
week, pi. »jLI asaby''. 

»♦- sab\ lion, pi. t.^^ subiV, or 
4c^-. 6'a6<i ft. 

Jr" ( (3t-l ) sttftaq' {jisbaq ), to 
precede, go or come before, 
win a race. j-. sabbaq, to 
forestall, come beforehand, 
come before the usual time. 
jj-Ju 4cLJ\es sd^abit sabbaq, 
the watch gains time. jjL 
sdbiq, or Ijj j.L.ri itsdbiq 
wayja, to have a race w ith 
another, j.- sabaq, or 
jL- sibdq, or .nil-, musdb- 
qa, horse-race. j-. ^-a&g, 
priority; jl^l J*- sa&g' 
isrdr, premeditation. jjL 
sdbiq, the i)revious one.^iU 
sd6ga.,a precedent,/)/. j;l_y- 
sawdbiq: j;',^^ v^^' a* 
mfVi ashdb es sawdbiq, an 
old offender. 4J--.I asfea^jya. 



priority^ seniority. 

dJu- ( dU-.i ) sabak (jusbuk )^ to 
cast metals, mould; JptiL- 
sabak 'alayja^ he deceived 
me, he fooled me, dL-Jl 
insahak, or dlj-n itsabak, 
to be cast, moulded. ii^-« 
mashuk, cast, moulded ; 
i^^* ^j. hyla masbAka, a 
perfect ruse, dl.- sabk, act 
of casting metals, moulding. 
iJU- sabbdk, one who casts 
metals, founder, inducer, 
pZ. uf^" sabbakyn. du-.« 
masbak, foundery, pZ.cLijU. 
pZ. di>L. sabdjik, 

^y^{^y^l) sabal (Jisbil), to 
pour. Jj- sabbil, to offer 
freely, close the eyes. J.- 1 
issabbil, or J.-.ri itsabbil, 
to be offered freely, closed. 
^y~^^ tasbyl, act of offering 
freely, closing the eyes. 
J~- sibyl or sabyl, foun- 
tain, pi. 4^.-1 asbila. J.^- 
safey/, road, way; JU J ^'j 



4^ rd/i ff/ hdlsabyloh, he 

went his way; J~-. ^ ^ala 

.-jaftyi, by way of ; aJ.-- ^I 

afeto sabyloh^ he released 


safcai, ears of corn, sg. 4:- 

sabala, pi. z>%^^ sabaldt, 

aJ-u- sinbila, ear of corn,p^ 

JjU- sandbil. 

sabktj loose overgown for 

ladies, dung, pi. o^L- 

sibinsa* brake-van, pi. 

C.Ll.-,s iftmstti. jf-V'tf jbin- 
.sap-t/, brakeman. 
i.sife&a, and ai^^ sabbiiba, 

S66 1 ■-"" 

^^aft^', see 


(^-.i) .•<aba ( jisby), to take 
captive, enchant, delight 
with. ^^-Jl insaba, or ^^^-H 
itsabttj to be taken captive. 
^-.. masby, captive, pi. 
4>*.„-. mcdibyjyn ; (_^-.. 2\/" 
fjarag masby, he went out 
like a madman. ^^- saby, 


r-\j^'' sibyddg,see^\X;^\ 

^.- sibyka, see dL- 

J;-- sabyl, see J-- 
ju- 6"i^^, or *:- sitta, six. ^U- 
sixty; (jrv:J^ j.l Jc 'ala abti 
es .si^^t/n^certainly,undoub. 
tcdly, at any raie.^s^suds, 
or ^i- stits^ one sixth 
part, joi. ^tj.-l asdds. ^iU 
sddis, or vi^iL ,>yUi7, the 
sixth one. 

jli- sattdr , see >- 

.s-aiiiO, to behave like a lady. 
<c:— . mussattita, one who 
is behaving like a lady, 
ladylike, si.- sitt, lady, 
grandmother, Mrs., Miss, 
pi. vlU- sittdt; j^-i-l ^j:.- 
.s-j7^ eZ i^tf.sTi, belladonna. 
Jl:-. sittdty^ appertaining 
to ladies. 
>- (. >-i ) xcitar (justur )^ to 
cover, conceal, veil; aJc >-I 
asttir ^alSh, do not disgrace 
himl do not denounce himi 

jlJi\insatar,orJLJ\ itsatar^ 
to be covered,concealed . jL.1 
issattar^ or >-.)"! itsattar, 
to cover or hide one's self, 
conceal, j^-* master, 
covered; jy:-* ^\j rdgil 
mas til r, well-to-do man. 
jL. satr or .sJ^r,veil,/5Z.j^' 
astdr ; •>- lyiS^ kasafu 
satroh, they disgraced him. 
jltv. sattdr, or yL s(:iijV,one 
who covers sins or pardons 
( God ); jjUli ja sdtir, dear 
me 1 good God ! .jlt- 
sitdra, curtain, pi. j}i^ 
satdjir.ty^ satraov sitra, 
coat, tunic, joi. >- sitar^ or 
Oljl- satrdt. 

i£ji>sutary* buffoon, pi. ajjL. 

^:^(^-^) ) ^-aiii/", to arrange, 
put in order.>-i:>l issattif, 
or^:-.ri itsattif, to be ar- 
ranged, put in order. >_it-« 
muscttt if^oYU^>^Tnitsattif, 
arranged ,put in order. ^c-J 
^a.s^.y/', arrangement, act of 




putting in order, 
^3/^ sitakrdta,* satin cru. 
<^sitta^ and ^'_j<:^ sittyn, 

t^\py siggAda^ seejif 

ij^ sigdra* c\\XQ,pl. yyf 
sagdjir; j^j\ »j\^ sigdra 
ufrangy, cigar. 

^\i^ sigdf, edging, border, pi. 
vl.\»lf sigafdt, 

Cy^" saggdn, see ^^s^ 
■^-" ( Jif-l ) sagad ( jisgid ), to 
worship^ adore^kneeldown. 
Jtf^ masgid, mosque, place 
of worship, /)i. Jio-l— masd- 
gid. >^< sug{id, worship, 
adoration. »i\^ siggdda, 
carpet, pi, a->-1<" sa,gagyd, 
or vi-lils^ siggaddt. 
sagaq* fringe or trimming 
of dress. 

suguqq* Turldsh sausages. 
( Jf"- ) ^'^99^h to register, 
put on record. J«^ I issaggil, 
orJsr-M itsaggil, to be re- 
gistered, put on record. Js:?** 
musaggil, registered,, put 

on record, authenticated. 
J-*^ tosp'f/Z/egistration, act 
of putting on record. J^r 
sigill, register, record, pi, 
^'^ sigilldt; o^l*^ ^^ 
kdtib sigilldt^ registrar. 

u^" { o^- ) ■'^^9'^^ [jisgin ), to 
imprison. ji^^M insagan,ov 
j^\itsagan, to be imprison. 
ed.cjj^masgAn, imprison- 
ed, prisoner, pi, uj'yf* 
masgunynfiT uj>-^-* masa- 
QU^-Crr ^Wn, prison, pZ. 
C)^f sugun . ^If saggdn, 
gaoler, warder, pi, ii\if 
saggdna, or jy\fi^ sag ganyn. 

i^^ sug{id, see Jus^" 

jW- sahhdr, see _,< 

^5t- ( w«="i ) sahab (jishab ), to 
drag, pull, draw; A\y^ u^- 
sa}iabnahuwdla,\\e drew 
a cheque; 4^^- *:1^^7«*^ sahab 
^aUh sikkyna^he threatened 
him with a knife. ^i^\ 
insahab, or ^s^' I itsahab, 
to be dragged, pulled, retire. 
^^■y issaMiab, or ,_^( 




itsahhabjlomove stealthily, 
sneak away, ^^i^ mas Mb, 
dragged, pulled; s-^^#^* J:r'j 
aJU j, rdgil mcishiih min 
lisdnoh, a voluble man. ._^ 
sahb, act of dragging, 
pulling, drawing. <.<sahba, 
a pull, pi. oL*:" sahbdt. 
«_,U:- sahdb, clouds, sg. ajU" 
sahdba, pi. ol;l*--' sahabdt, 
iy>L^ sahtut, mite, pi. o^^ 

_^-« ( j>--i ) sahar [Jishir ), to 
charm with magic, be witch, 
enchant. j< sahhar, to an- 
nounce the period of the 
suhAr or last meal before 
fasting in ramaddn. _,»^M 
insahar, or ^s^'l itsahar, 
to be charmed, bewitched. 
j<'\issahhar fiTjt^'' \itscchhar^ 
to eat the last meal before 
fasting, j^ mashAr, char- 
med, bewitched; jj>-' jji 
ddr mashAr, underground 
floor, set of low-roofed 
rooms between two floors. 

j»r s iAr,magic, sorcery. jW" 
sahhdr, magician, sorcerer, 
pi. jijW sahharyn, or ,jer 
saliara. j^tr suh&r^ time 
before dawn when Moha- 
medans take their last meal 
during the mouth of rama- 
ddn. j=.-.. musahhar , or 
Jljst—. musahhardty, man 
who goes round during 
the month of ramaddn 
to awaken Mohamedans 
to take their last meal before 
day-break, pi. cxj"'-^ 
musahharyn. ,j\ifsahhdra, 
syphon, /)Z. z^\j\*^sahhardt; 
»jW sahhdra, large wooden 
box, trunk, pi. ^js-l_«r 
«-.«r ( 7^-«^i ) sahsah, to leak, 
urine. *.«.-*-- sahsaha, act of 
leaking, urining. 

,_i< ( v_ist-j ) sahaf (Jishaf), to 
creep, crawl. >_i*:" sa/i/", act 
of creeping, crawling. 

j(i" ( jsc-j ) safiaq (jishaq ), to 
crush, reduce to powder. 




^y^\ insahaq, or ^y^\ 
itsahaq, to be crushed, 
reduced to powder. j^-« 
maskAq, crushed, reduced 
to powder_, powder, jss" 
sa/ig^act of crushing,reduc- 
ing to powder. 

JsT ( J»rl ) sahal ( y{6/n7 ), to 
cause to be thin or lean. Jir-M 
insahalj or J*--'! itsahal, to 
be thin, lean. J^».-* mashM, 
thin, lean. 

^lk»:^ sahJxxh, salep. 

kSss' sihlyja, lizard, pi. JUr 

A»^ sihna, physiognomy, pl.jt^ 

j^ suhdr, see j«i" 
^ («i-l) sahb(jusuhh) ^io strike. 
^^^salisab, to have a faint- 
ing fit. p-M insafih, or ^M 
itsabh, to be struck. ^-Sc* 
musahsab, fainting, ^it^ 
sabba,a thrashing, a hiding. 
4it-si" sahsabcL, fainting fit. 
li:;- saba, or o^ sabdwa, gene, 
rosity, liberality. ^ saby, 

generous, liberal, pi. Lie- 1 
/«lic" subdm, see it- 

^l^ sibtijdn, see jJo- 
jj^ ( J*-"- ) >^aMa^, to cause to 
work without wages. ^\ 
issabbO'T', or jk^Uitsabbar^ 
to work without wages. jk.~* 
musabbo-r, employed with- 
out wages, ^ic-i" tasbyt^, SiCi 
of causing to work without 
wages- .jic- subra, forced 
labour, corvee, pi. ^ 
subar. sahsabci, see ^ 
Jas- ( iaic~) ) sa6«? ( j ishat ), to 
curse, be furious at, meta- 
morphose. Jait-Jl insabat, 
or Jaic-..'u7sa/iai,to be meta- 
morphosed . Js^ic-.. masbM, 
metamorphosed, monster, 
idol, miserably small, pi. 
Jaji-l-.. masabyi ; J»^-.» Jj 
walad masbM, ^'^ urchin, 
iak" sa6(, act of cursing, 
4r ( ic-i ) sabbam, or i^if 





safimat, to daub, besmear, 
work bfidly, copulate. >-l 
issahJiam .orL*^! issahmat, 
to be daubed, besmeared, 
badly done, copulated 
musahham^ or ]a«.it-^ 
sa/ima(, daubed, besmeared, 
badly done. 4.L*ir sahmata^ 
act of daubing , besmearing, 
working badly, copulation. 
I'lfcr siihdm^ an ugly thing, 
sexual organ in the male or 
the female, pL ,iXA's^ subO'- 
mdt.i.-'\ as/?am., worse- v:^! U 
J- V (ix- ^y ma asbam 
min sydy ilia sitty, the 
kettle calls the pot black. 

C^( u^' ) ^^^i^" (jishin ), to 
wound, cause pain, repri- 
mand. j>^l insafian, to be 
wounded, pained, repriman- 
ded. ^}^ sa//n,act of wound- 
ing,causing pain.*:ii sahna, j 
a wound, a reprimand, pl.\ 
zX^sahruXt. I 

J^{ ^^-i ) aihin (jishan ), to ' 
be hot.^ye- sahha-n, to heat. 

han, to be heated. ;j.^-r 
tashyn, act of heating. a.;^;^- 
sufjuna, heat, fever, ^y^^ 
suhn, hot, warm. JUl- ^J..e■ 
'is sabfxdny, hot bread. 

^ sahy, see U=.- 

J.- ( Juj ) sad(i ( jisidd ), to 
close,bar,dam; juj Jo-I^*! Mf 
hadddm wdhid jisidd, one 
servant will do;. ^; 's^sadd 
nafsy, it deprived me of my 
appetite; a!IJj »i.iJi- lil ana 
saddit biddloh,ld\d his 
duty for him ; a- jjjl! J» ^iii 
Z!7 walad sadd, tell the 
boy to keep quiet! jJl. 
sadd id, to close, settle. A-il 
insadd,ov a-JI itsadd, to 
be closed, barred, dammed; 
ji-JI insadd, hold your 
tongue! J Jujl if sorid id, to be 
closed, settled. 3jA_. mas- 
iA-» musaddid, or »Ji_u 
mitsaddid, closed, settled, 
•-i- sac/d, act of closing, 




barring/lamming; x^sadd, 
closure, barrier, dam, pi. 
ijju suddd ; j.^ tj\o- hdra 
sadd^ blind alley ; dXd~\ j.-. 
sadd el hanak, kind of 
native pudding. aiA_J tas- 
dydj closure, payment. a;U- 
siddba^ or .ilj-. siddda, 
cork, stopper, /)Z. oliA- 

jju. sidr, lotus-tree. 

Atjj^sidryja, large bowl in a 
native caf^ in which cups 
are washed, pi. oIijA- 

i_^ju swds, see ,.:,-. 

Jj^- ( Jju-i ) sadal (Jisdil), to 
let down a curtain. J jt^sadZ, 
act of letting down. 
j^ ( J.-J ) sarr (jusurr ), to 
please, cheer; .Jjfl\ j-j j}i- !:> 
da Ijabar jusurr el qalb, 
this is good news, I am glad 
to hear it. ^1 insarr^ or 
jJ\ itsarr, to be pleased, 
cheered, j3j-— masrilr, 
pleased, cheered. j)j^ su- 

rur , pleasure, joy. olj-« 
masirrdt, pleasures, joys. 
J- sirr, secret, sacrament, pi, 
j\^^^ asrdr ; j^ ^'iT kdtib 
sirr J or j^ ?'S kdtim sirr, 
secretary; ,_^ j li^ '^ayjat 
fy sirroh, he wept secretly; 
il^ j b "Ji- hally da fy 
sirrak^ov il^* J .^kaldm 
fysirrak, keep this secret! 
JJl ^- sirr el lei, watch- 
word; ,^w J U^ siribna fy 
sirroh, we drank to his 
health; _,J\_^.r ta'^ab es sirr, 
trouble, anxiety, cares, 
worries. iS'^ sirry, secret ; 
(^^w jj*: muhbir sirry, or 
(^^- ^ybolys sirry,detec- 
tive. ij'^^, sirryja, female 
slave, concubine, pi. i£j\j^' 
,.^sir* chief; o'jJ*i r' ^^^J^- 
w irdn, chie( aide-de-camp; 
JU^li" ^- sir tasryfdty, 
Grand Master of ceremonies. 
j^..p j.^sir 'as/car,comman- 
derJn.chief;jU^8tr tugdr, 



chief of the corporation of 

^Ij- sardb, excrement, fecal 
matter. Jl^^ sarabdty, 
night_man, pi. ajI^.- sara- 

^\j^sirdg, or ^j— masraga, 
lamp^ joZ. aj-^-I asriga, or 
^jl_. masdrig, 

i^\j^sirdga, sec r-"^- 

A^l^ sardga, glanders. 

jl-^^.sJrM^, see j^- 

ij\^sardja,* palace_, p^. »1.\jI_^- 
sarajdt; ajI^\ ^j^t-^is es 
sardja, kind of Turkish 
cake eaten with cream. 

w J- ( v_- J-) )sarrab, to let loose, 
cause to go astray, v'^-l 
to be loose, go astray, vj— • 
mUssarrab,ov vj^ mi7_ 
sarrab, loose, astray; jl*- 
k_,j_. homdr mussarrab, 
missing donkey. w-»j-~»^ 
tasryb, act of letting loose, 
causing to go astray. 

J I. J- sarabdty, sec wl^* 

^^ ( »; j—i ) sarba\ to hurry. 
»)^-l issarba\ or >j_,-jI ii- 
sarba\ to be hurried, in a 
hurry. ^;_^» mussCtrba" , 
impatient, hurried. *.)_,- 
sarba'a, hurry. 

Oj- .sari, unripe melon. 

r-'j- ( ^"j-J ) sarrag, to baste, 
register a letter on a delivery 
book, r V*' issarrag^ or 
^*^*l i tsar rag, to be bas- 
ted, registered. r-j-« musar- 
rag, or ttj-I. mitsarrag^ 
basted, registered. •ijij-J' 
tasryg^ act of basting, 
registration. *»-\j^ sirdga, 
basting, j^j^ sargy^ or 
^j^sarky* delivery-book, 
pi. jvl^ ■'^ardgy; ^^ 
^j^ kdtib sargy, copy- 

r-j^ sarg, horse saddle, pi. 
■^ij^ stirCig; ol:- ^^ sarg 
sittdt, side saddle, j-tj- 
surAgy^ saddler, pi. ^~^ij^ 
uTj^ ( jrj-1 ^ margin,* to exile 






or j>-j~'^\ itsargin, to be 
exiled, transported, ^^-j-' 
mussargin, or ^>-j--x, m it- 
sargin, exiled^ transported. 
A>-j-, sargina, exile, trans- 

Jrj-'sargy,* see ^'j^ 

^j- ( ^j^[ ) sarah (jisrah)^ to 
rove, go to pasture (cattle), 
go to one's work; ^j- ^u^ 
^aqloh sarah, his wits have 
gone woolgathering, ^'j^ 
sarrah^ to send to pasture, 
send one to his work , 
comb the hair. ^ '^-.1 issar- 
rah, or t-'j-^^ i tsar rah, to 
be sent to pasture or to 
one's work, combed. ^jL 
sdrih, going to pasture or 
to one's work. ^j-. musar- 
rah^ or 7-j~>.> mitsarrah^ 
combed. 4j-~" tasryh, act of 
sending one to pasture or 
to his work, combing. 
f'j^ sarryh, intinerant 
dealer, pi. ^.■^jm. xarryha. 

jjUj- sarhdn, thoughtful, 
?-j- sirih, tall and straight, 

v-.'.>_,-- .si rddfi,* underground pas- 
sage, vault, tunnel, pl.^i\ J" 

j\ij^ sirddr* commander-in- 
chief, Sirdar; *, jl i^- slr- 
daryja, office of the com- 

ilt-^j-' sardyn,* sardines,55'.'Ui jj- 
sardyna, pi. oUoj- sar- 

'-r^y ( ^-j-.^)sar6'jb, to sprinkle. 
A.-j-.sarsJ6a,actof sprink- 

^j-' saratdn, cancer ( disease ), 
^j" ( frj-j ") sara^ ( ji^ri" ), to 
frighten, shock. p-_,-\ 1 msara' , 
or pj-il itsara', to be 
frightened, shocked. f-}j-» 
icj^ .s-ar'a, a fright, a stock, 
pl.zXj^ sar'dt. 
(■j^ sur\ reins, pi. ?-*j-l asrd''. 



Jj" ( Jj-i ) '^ciraq (jisraq), to 
steal, rob. j^ il insciraq^or 
Jj.i\ itsaraq^ to he stolen^ 
robbed; ^^^.^ j. J^Jl insa- 
raq min b^nhum, he with- 
drew unperceived from 
among them. jjj_. masruq^ 
stolen, robbed ; Juj— jj^ 
ddr masrdq, set of low 
roofed rooms between two 
iloovs. *ij^ sirqa, theft, pi. 
■zJCij^ sirqdt;iij^ ^\ akal 
sirqa, he ate on the sly, he 
ate unperceived by others. 
iiij^ xiryqa, stolen article, 
pi. cU^.- siryqdt. jjL 
sdriq^ thief, robber, pi. 
;jj»_)L. sarqyn.^^\ j^ sirrdq, 
a kind of saw. 
S'j^ sarky^ sec ^> 

fi ^ . fj^\ i fj^\ ) ini^arTnah, 
to lead a fast life, have fre- 
quent relations with women. 
i.<j^ sarmaha, fast life, 
debauchery, sexual inter- 
course. A' J- sirmdh, one 
wlio runs after women. 

.^- surra, navel, pi. jj^surar. 
_)j- saru, cypress- tree. 
^,j^sur{xgy,SQQ ^j^ 
jsj-surAr^ see j- 
iSj''((Sj~i)sara (jisry), to 
extend, spread; i^j^\ o^^^ 
i^Scel qandn jisry ^aUh,ihe 
law is applied to him. i^ jL 
sdry, in force ( law ). CiS.j^ 
sarajdn, extension, 
^j- sarryh, see ^j- 
y.j^siryr, bedstead, /)Z. ^-Jj- 

*• J" sirryja^ see ^ 
-li- ( ia_; ) )<att (jusutt)^ see ^p» 
^-'( >-l ) sa^a/Ji (jistah) or 
sattah, to cause one to lie on 
his back,causc one to lie fiat. 
^'1 insatah^ov ^\ itsa- 
tah, or ^\ issaUah, to lie 
on one's back, lie flat. ^* 
mussaUab ,o\' ^-'''' niitsat-. 
t.ah,ov ^ sityh, lying on 
one's back, lying flat. ^^' 
idstyh, act of lying on one's 



back^ lying flat. ^ sath, 
surface, level; JtSJ\ ^-' sath 
el ^aqd, crown of the arch; 
^ sath, or ?->!*- sut{ih, 
roof of a house, pi. i^'"\ 
astiha, ^\^i^, mistdh ^hevmo. 
of a canal, pZ. ^\^,masatyh. 
jU- ( jk-i ) sattar, or JL. ^mas- 
tar, to rule ( lines ). _,k-l 
issattar^ or jk-^H itsattar, 
or _,k-il itmastar^ to be 
ruled. Ja-.. musattar, or 
jk-f mumastar, ruled, jk- 
sa(r, line, p^. j^k- stddr. 
4jk~. mastara, ruler ( for 
drawing lines), pZ. _^l-. 
masdtir ; 4.1.-^ ...J:^ .jk— 
mastara hctsab muqassima, 
ranging rod.i^tj^— masta- 
rin, trowel. 
fj»^ satrang, see f_)^^ 
Jk- ( Jk-i ) satoZ ( jistil), to 
intoxicate. JkJI insatal, or 
Jk— n itsatal, to be intoxi- 
cated. J_yk->' mas(aZ,intoxi- 
cated. 4j.k.-. sa^to, an intoxi- 
cation. Jk- sato/, hasys 


Jk- sa(Z, bucket, pail, pZ. J^- 

^k-sa(M, sec Ja- 

^.jla- sutuh, see ^-'^ 

Ja^( Ja-.i )sa(a(/i5/f/J, to assail, 
attack. A.J1C Ja— U eZ masty 
"al^h, victim of brigandage. 
,^k-sa(ioa,influence, autho- 
rity, power. 

see a«^ 

JU--sa'dZ, see J«- 
jt,-. ( JI.-J ) sTrd {jis'ad ), to 
become wealthy • JcLs(i'jcZ, 
to help,assist. Ji«-.las'a(i, to 
enrich, render happy; a^-j 
d\p-\.^jisHdsabdhak, good 
morning to you! ( women's 
talk).jftLl issdHd, or ocl-n 
itsd'^id, to be helped, assis- 
ted. J..- sa^d, happiness, 
good luck; iJjtn^ ^» min 
sa^dak, fortunately for you. t^ 
,j*L.. musd^da, help, assis- 
tance, pZ. z>\jc\^»musa''ddt. 


JUiu. sVyd, wealthy, vich,pl. 

Ij..- su'ada; Ji.«- sa^yd, or 
a«_, mus'^ad, happy^ fortu- 
nate ; Ju«- iJjlj; nahdrak 
sa^yd, good morning to you I 
.il»- sa'dda, wealth, happi- 
ness. Excellency; Ji\.i\ l^U- 
sa^ddet en nd^ir, His 
Excellency the Minister; 
VjI*- sa^adetkum, Your 
Excellency; jl>"jl«-sa'ada^Za, 
His Excellency. jcU. musd- 
Hdj assistant, pi. ^dc\^A 
musa'dyni U ^j jcl... 
musdHd rayjis qalam, 
sub-chief of an office. 
j«-« ( j,_^ ) sa^'ar, to fix a price. 

to be fixed. _,»-. musa^^ar, 
or j«-.*. mitsa'^ar, fixed. 
J*-. sVr, price, rate,pi. jU-l ' 
as'dr-, j\i J.- j_^ I el himma 
.siV ddjir, fever is prevail- 
ing, jj,.-.)" tas'yf\a.ot of fixing 
a price, oj^^ tas^yra^tarifi, 
C)\ j«- ( yji^) sa^rdn ( kalb ), mad 

( ^«u ) &■«'«/' {jis^if ), to 
help, assist, rescue ; ^i«-l 
U ij^i) isHfny hi sway jet 
mayja, give me some water 
quickly 1 ^U-l is'it/', assis- 
tance, help, relief, subscrip- 
tion to a charitable object, 
pi. ol»L-l is^afdt. 

J*- ( J"-i) ■^'<^'^^ f'yes'j7), to cough. 
J^»-. mas'Hl, one who is 
suffering from cough. aL- 
siHa, or JU- sudl, cough. 

S-{^^-\) sa'a (Jis'a), to 
attempt, endeavour; J J "--I 
aIUU is'a loh fil masdla, 
help him in the case! j»- 
sa'y, or j.-.. ma*^ 'a,attempt, 
effort, endeavour, pi. j\~^* 
masd'^y; j->- •->* mas^a 
hasan, a good cause. ^oL. 
s(t'i/, one wiio attempts, pi. 
C:^.e.\^ sa'yjyn; j\^ sd'y, 
messenger, office orderly, 
pi. .U- su^a; ^-.j. j_f L .sd't/ 
6d.s'(a,poslman, letter-carrier. 

JL«- si' yd and sa'yd, sec Ji»- 

',ji-.( >_i-j) sa/T (jisi/f), to 




swallow ( grains^ etc. ) ; 
^jlil\ v_jL. ^» hiiioa saff eV^ 
fulus, he appropriated the 
money, he pocketed the 
money. ^J^i- sufuf, medi-j 
cinal powders. : 

»jli- sifdra, see ^i- 

*»li-. safdha, see 4i- 
^^ ( p-J. ) saf ah (j is f ah), iohxi; 
*«W <;&- safahoh 'alqa, he 
gave him a thrashing; ^i- 
^.jLCM sa/'a/i el kitdb, he 
appropriated the book, he 
took possession of the book, 
he robbed others of the 
book, i.^" safha, a hit, a 
blow_, pi. vL.'ii" safhdt, 
Ji^ { ji_) ) saffar, to send one 
ona journey, despatch. ^»L 
sdfir^ to go on a journey, 
depart, travel. jCi^i tasfyr, 
act of sending one on a 
journey, despatching, y- 
safar, journey, travel, 
voyage, pi. jli-l^ji^ 
safaryja, a iourneY,a^ trip, 
a campaign, pi. oli^i- 

safaryjdi. j\~.> musdfir, 
traveller, passenger, guest, 
pl.Cx j^-^'tnti saf r yn .i:^i- j[^>, residence put 
by government at the 
disposal of distinguished 
travellers. jjL- safyr, am- 
bassador, pi. \ji^ sufara. 
,j[i^ sifdra, embassy, pi. 



^^ ji^ safargil^ quinces, s^'.^U^i- 
safargila, pi. o!:^^*- 
>J^sufra, table, dinner-lable, 
pi. J^sufar-yj-j^sufragy* 
waiter,/)^, *. ?- y^sufragyja. 
'Li ) J-' safrdt, smaW playing top; 
vi,j_,i-. Jj walad safri'it^an 
urchin, a young rascal. 
AT.ji^safryta, small silver coin 
( value 70 paras ), pi. .i^i j*i- 
*i jL- safa r yja , see ji-. 
Jai- sa/'a?, jewel-box. 
ji-. ( ji_) ) saffaq, to blow 

( wind ). 
Jt-5i/Z, lower part of a wall, 



bottom. ^J.\i\ JiUl asdfilen 
nds, the lowest classes of 
jk- . j^i^\ ( jli-») ) issaflaq, to 
be parasite. Ail;.- saflaqa, 
parasitism; -oU- ^\i^^\akal 
wayjdh saflaqa^he ate with 
him without being invited. 
J%^ sifldq, parasite^mean, 
hanger on. 
f^-'sifing, see ji^l 
4i^ ( *.i-j ) safah ( jisfah ), to 
revile, swear at. Ai- safah, 
or A»U- safdha, defamation, 
reviIer,/)Z. l^- sufaha. 
^^ suf^f, see k_i-. 
j_viu. sa/'j/r, see ^i- 
^jj,^ sufayjif, lean, meagre. 
<ui-. sifyna, chicken-breast, pi. 

^2tU-' safdjin. 
A.i- safyh^ see aJ- 
'(L- saqqa, see j_^-. suqqdta^ see lai- 

4IU? saqdla, see Ji 
j-.i- (^ (3-i-l ) saqsaq, to soak, 
saturate. 4L.l> ^a^sa^a^ act 


of soaking, saturation, 
ixi- ( Ja2_) ) sagaf ijisqat), to 
fall down, miscarry ; Jai- ^ 
j^ ^huwa saqat m in "iny, 
I lost all consideration for 
him.kL- saqqat,io drop one 
after the other,cause to mis- 
carry. i>^ suqAt, fall; J#^- 
ji.1 sagii^ el haqq, lapse of 
right. i»li-.\ tsgd^, discount. 
^IJIJaL-^ masqat er Ms, 
birthplace. <k»l. sdgto, 
accident, pi- ijl^- sawdqit, 
kL. saqt, miscarriage, 
still-born foetus . ial^ saqat, 
unsound ; J»s- ^, hit saqat. 
house which threatens to 
fall ; JaL. J>-lj rdgftZ sagaf, 
an infirm man ; ^jjltl J«S- 
sagai el harCtf, head, feet 
and entrails of a sheep 
(slaughtered);J*4J\^ -il^>j-*- 
bisir elgild wis saqat, he 
lost all he had. *l^suqqdta, 
door-latch, pi. ol^Vs- suq- 
qatdt, or JaJli- saqaqyt. 
iuU ( ^i^)saqqaf, io roof.wJL*! 



issaqqaf ,OY^i^\ itsaqqaf, 
to be roofed. Uii^» musaq- 
ga/", roofed. ._jL2-J tasqyf, 
act of roofing. ^^JLJtasqyfa^ 
a shed, a roofing, pi. ^U-a— ' 
tasqyf dt. ^i- saqf, roof, 
ceiling, pi. ^^ suQuf, or 
*>^ suqilfa; jii.| k_Ai- sag/ 
elhalq, palate. 
•Is^S- suqut, see Li- 

J- ( J--i ) ^^«^« U'"s9i/), to give 
to drink^ water, irrigate, 
temper ( steel ). ^^»- saqqa^ 
to soak bread in broth, 
etc. . j-Jl insaqa, or j-.ri 
itsaqa, to be given to drink, 
watered, irrigated. ^J\ 
iisaqqa, to be soaked, j.^ 
masqy, watered, irrigated. 
Ji^ saqy, or 4.L. siqyja, act 
of giving to drink, watering, 
irrigation, a.!- saqja, an 
irrigation, a watering, pi. 
viLi- saqjdt. Vl. saqqa^ 
water-carrier, joZ. ttf*^ 
saqqajyn ; ;jU j L. 5^^ eA, 
4J|i>liJ\ biddoh Jiby' mayja 

fy hdret es saqqajyn, he 
wislies to bring coal to New- 
castle. aJu sdqja, water- 
wheel, pi. Jl^- sawdqy. 
j^misqa, water-course, 
pi, JU4 masdqy, ^^jls-.. 
misg-f^oj J/, vegetables which 
require irrigation. \A^i tas- 
qyja, bread soaked in 
broth. U-.1-.I is^is^'a^dropsy. 
J-S> saqy I, see Ji' 
dL. ( dLj ) sakk ( jusiikk j, to 
lock. dL.)l insakk, or duJ I 
ifsa/c/c, to be locked. ii^L.. 
maskuk, locked, di- sakk, 
act of locking. ^ST- sikka, 
road, way, pZ. dlC sikak-^ 
a-pIjJ jSC sikka sira^yja, 
agricultural road; jujm.- j^ 
sikka hadyd, railway; «i$C 
JlkL sikka sMZ(dnf/, high- 
way ;Jl^AiC. i-i/c/ca tou- 
icitZt/, direct road. 

wSC sukdt, seec^^ 

f^ sakdklr, see f^ 
c5^( ,iSCj ) sikit {juskut ), to 
be silent, hold one's tongue. 




be quiet ; 4.-.C cS—\ uskut 
'annoh, leave him in peace! 
•jl4 J^.» ^ ^-^ sikitna 
loh dafial bi homdroh, 
v.e gave him an inch and 
he tooic an ell. >jC sak- 
kit, to silence, cause to 
be quiet. z^\^ sdkit, silent, 
quiet, z^^^ taskyt, act of 
silencing, causing to be 
quiet. O^^ sukdtj or Z>)K^ 
suk&t, or .ux- sak ta, silence, 
quietness ; 4:5CJ\ A:, dd es 
sakta, apoplexy. ^C- suk- 
k^t, sand-flies. 
JC ( jClj )sikir (jiskar), to be 
intoxicated, drunk. ^ 
sakkar, to intoxicate,cause 
to be drunk, crystallize. jC 
sukr, intoxication, drunk- 
enness. »^ sakra, a fit of 
drunkenness, pi. Zj\^^ 
sakrdt. _,0 sukkar, sugar; 
o\J J^^stikkar naMi, candy; 
tjL. J;^lj rdgil sukkara, a 
very nice man, ^\^sakrdn, 
intoxicated, drunk, pl.fSj^ 

sakdra, or ujJlj^- sakra- 
pi, 4jjC sukaryja, _^)^ 
sakdk ir,sweetmeats,sugar. 
plums, (sj^sukkary, su- 
gary;(i_^ ^}yb6l sukkary, 
diabetes. *>_^- sukkaryja, 
sugar-basin, pi, oljC- 
^y^^ i tj'^) sakstka* (daqn), 
beard imp^riale, 
iC f /'*»>^->) s-a/cft.' (jiska'' ), to 
strike; ^^t^^saka'^oh kaff, 
he slapped him; a^VI X- 
.sft/fa' eZa/c to, he bolted the 
food. Ai^l- sak^a, a blow, 
a thrashing, pL C<li^ 

•^( j^^CIj ) si/cm {Jusktin ),to 
inhabit, dwell in ; ^JL. ^J\ 
eZ 6^i si/fin, the house has 
been rented. /^ sakkin^ to 
cause to inhabit or dwell in, 
let. JTL sdkin, inhabited, 
occupied, rented; ^Ui-I ^^^U 
adkin el gindn, or o^^*^ 
p'a./ina<ma/c(ta,the late;j^^U 



sdkin, inhabitant, tenant of 
a house,etc. pl.J^sukkdn. 
^f.^ maskdn, inhabited, 
occupied; ^f^»c^j hit mas- 
k&n, a haunted house. ^^ 
sakan, act of dwelling, 
residence. ^^ maskan, 
residence, pi. ,^flm»masdk in. 

l^^sikka,see vdL. 
ZtS^" suk&t, see ,i,C 

j^^sikkyna, knife, pi. u^&C 

' u ( J-.» ) sail i J is ill ), to un- 
sheath. J-L salsil,to chain. 
JJl insall^ or J-il itsall, to 
be unsheathed,consumptive. 
Jjt-I issalsil, or J^l-Jl 
itsalsil, to be chained. J jlu« 
maslAl, unsheathed, con- 
sumptive. J-I-.» musalsil, 
or J-.lL-.itmt^saZsiZ,chained; 
iLA.^tJ nimra mitsalsila, 
serial number. J- sill, con- 
sumption, pulmonary phthi. 
sis. aL«V- silsila, chain, /)Z. 
J-^jL salAsil ; j,iiJ\ sU>^ 

silsilet ed dahr, back- 
J- saW, or *1- saZto, basket,pi. 
^'%0 sildl, or c<!j^- salldt, 

T^^sildh, see^ 
Ciy^" salaqdn, red-lead. 

j'%'{J^)sildqy(kalb), grey- 

|l^ saldlim,dLnA »%, saWm,and 
dliU^^- saldmlik, see L, 

*«!i^- saldma,* sausage. 
»-i-( wl^-i ) satofe (jislib), to 
plunder, madden. ,_JuJI 
insalab, or ^^'1 itsalab, io 
be plundered, maddened. 
wjL- maslAb, plundered; 
^_.j!l-«.» masl&b, mad, insane, 
pZ. y^\.^.masalyb. jL.salb, 
plunder. AA-.sai6a,madness, 
^J.^salab, cable of palm-tree 
fibre, sg.*X^salaba, pi. cU- 
ial^ . JaA-l ( Jai-.) ) issulbat, to 
make false pretences,impose 
upon. aIxA- salbata^ false 
pretences ,imposition, fraud. 




jLd- salaband, silk sash. 

cX^izX^i) salat {jislit), to 
draw oul,extr8iCt, zX^sallit , 
to draw out or extract one 
after the other .^iJlJI msaZaf, 
or ci^^iisalat, to be drawn 
out, extracted, sneak away. 
Ojl-^ maslut, drawn out^ 
extracted, ^m. salt, or ^-L.r 
taslyt^ act of drawing out, 

dAt sulus, capital letters. 

Ju. ( <i-l ) sallah, to arm,equip. 
<i-l issallah,OT ^-^^Mtsallah, 
to be armed, equipped. t^I— 
musallah,or^L^>m itsalJ/xh, 
armed^equipped.;!^-' taslyh, 
act of arming, equipping. 
»-^ siZ(iA, arm, weapon, 
blade, pi. i^\ asliha ; Jj\ 
^^J\ >:^i ^ itraqqa min 
taht es sildh^ he rose from 
the ranks ; (^jli ^^^ sildh 
ndr y J Rre-Qvm. jljJ^" silih. 
ddr, arm manufacturer, pi. 
Aijlai" silihdaryja. 

A* i'^-) salah (jualuh ), to 

skin,split,fleece, reprimand. 
^M insalak,ov'^\itsaUih, 
to be skinned, split, fleeced, 
reprimanded, y-j^-. maslAb, 
skinned, split, fleeced, repri. 
manded. ^ salb, act of 
skinning, splitting, fleecing, 
reprimanding. *;^-" sakt— 
lidna* slaughter-house, pi. 
C.lilsi." salaband t. 
iLl^silsila,see J- 
Jai- ( Jal-J ) 6-ato?,to incite; «Jal- 
Jc sallatoh ''alayja, he set 

- e 

ov^^Mtsallat^to be incited, 
domineer. JJi-.. musallat, or 
L.I-.1. mitsallat, incited. 
JalJ' taslyt, act of inciting. 
,:jlkL.s"iii((tn.,see j^^aL. 

^U- ( T^kL) ) 6ato/i,tomakc flat. 
«kL«. musaltah, flat ; ^yf 
-.kl-.. Mhn musaltah, plate. 

^^kL. . ^^kCl ( jU^i) issaltan, to 
have absolute authority, be 
conceited. ^^-« mu saltan, 
or ^L-i. mitsaltan, one 
who is possessing absolute 



authority, conceited. -uU- 
saltana^ possession of 
absolute authority; ^f 
*J».LJ\ kursy es saltana, 
capital of a country, o^'^- 
sultdn, Sultan, emperor, pi. 
i^l"^^ salatyn; tijlkL J:>\c ^k 
*;Uj huwa ''djis suUdn 
samdnoh^ he lives like a 
aLL. sulta, authority, domi- 
A^^ sultanyja, how\, pi. a<W^- 
salatyn,0Y oL."\U» sultany- 

aU- salata* salad.- 

*lrL saZ(<x, old fashioned jacket, 
zouave jacket, pl.lA^ sulat, 
or ki.\i»L. saltdt . 

>_A- ( v_il^^ ) sallif, to lend. ,_il:-.| 
i stake f, to borrow. ,^:l_r 
taslyf, act of lending. ,_iL 
sato/', or 4iL. swi/'a, losn^pl. 
,_iL swto/", or oUL. sulfdi. 
cji)U sdlif, previous, prior; 
_^l tjilU sdifY e^^ ^ifer, 
above mentioned. 

^i^silf, brother of a wife's 
husband. 4.iL. silfa,. wife of 
a husband's brother, o^-l 
asldf, ancestors. 

jU ( jS,-j )salaq ( jusluq ), to 
cook by boiling, scald, ji-^il 
insalaq, or jL-i'l itsalaq, io 
be cooked. J.A-* maslixq, 
cooked, jl^ sctZg, or ji- 
silyq, act of cooking by 
boiling. «.jl-.. masluqa^ 
boiled meat. 

j!i- sa^Q', chard beet. 
^oj^i^aA^ salqat we malqat (origin 
and meaning unknown ) . 
iaA*j JasV-. J *^ '^jji dau— 
wart '^aUh fy salqat we 
malqat^ I looked for him 

dlU ( liW-) ) silik (jislak or 
jusluk), to get on, behave 
one's self. dJU- sallik^ to 
clear(road, etc.), cause to get 

rdgil da, ha\e done with 

this man 1 attend to this man's 

business and let him go ! 



lilUI issallik^or >i!iLS\itsal-' 
lik^ to be cleared.viULsdZJ^, 
clear; i^SJU 4^i\ es sikka 
sdlka, the way is clear, the 
way is open. >£LLj talsyk^ 
act of clearing. di\.-.masto/c, 
road, way, behaviour, /)i. 
dJi\.^masdlik, JSl-^ mw- 
sallikdty, pipe-cleaner, pi. 
c,S^>musallikyn, or A.r'^dwi 
musallikatyja; jj^\ (j^^t 
musallikyn et turuq, pio_ 
neers ( mil.), iljl- suldk, 
conduct, behaviour ; Lc 
iJ^J\ ^ilm es suW,k, good 
^i^silk,\,'\ve,pl. il^Ll asM/c, 
or iljU suluk. 
i- ( ]-4 ) siiim (j islam), to be 
safe. L sallim,io hand over, 
submit, cause to be safe, 
salute, shake hands;4a ,j.\ i- 
sallim amroh lillah, he 
resigned to God's will ; J U 
ilyj Jt sallim ly 'ala abdk, 
give my regards to your 
father IJ Jul L sallim ydak. 

or kiL^U sallim ^^nak^ 
well done I bravo ! I thank 
you I L.I islam, or LJLI 
is fa^^ijm, to become a Moslem. 
It- 1 istalam, to receive,take 
over. Jul taslym, act of 
handing over, causing to be 
safe, shaking hands, salut- 
ing, submission; .;,l<s\-.r tas- 
Z?/mcii, salutations, regards, 
respects. a%.\ isldm, Islam- 
ism, Mohamedanism. L^ 
pi. ijJL^muslimyn. L-silm, 
or ^%.saldm, peace. »%, 
saldm, salutation, regards, 
compliments ; ^ !iL l ja 
saldm, or L,j ^^^ \i ja 
salAm we sallim, dear me 1 
*!A-J\j wis saldm, all is said, 
et voilA tout-jisj^ ^%0saldm 
ndry, feu-de-joie. *«^ 
saldma, safety ; oU^A- 
salamdt, how do you do? 
AA%^\ *. ma' es saldma^ 
good_bye! farewell! Si»%. 
saldmtak ^Iho^e you will be 



well; i^%M ^ vi^U JJ\ ^ jj-l 
elhamdu lilldh illy gat "ala 
saldma, all is well that 
ends well; b a^-I^Ic^^,-.; 6J 
saldmtoh el fjawdga da, 
this fine gentleman, this 
good fellow. A^ salym, or 
iL sdlim, safe, healthy, in 
good condition ; *J\ J— 
salym en nyja, person of 
clear conscience. U sillim, 
stairs; A^zW U sillim et 
taslym, rope-ladder, escape 
ladder; ^:i-l ^ sillim el 
gfan &,accommodation ladder; 
^ii- i^sillim ^asab,ladder; 
L j^L*) jj\c ''dwis Ji^milny 
sillim, he wishes to make a 
cat's paw of me. ^A^sillima, 
a step, pi. cXX' sillimdt. 
iiJJ..!A- saUXmlik, men's re- 
ception rooms in a Mohame- 
dan house. 
*L-,siZto, thovn,pl. >L>%» silldt. 
4L. salla, see J- 
9-^ ( f/-i ) salwa\ to press, 

pressed, urged, hurried; Jj 
5-jl-« walad musalwa\ a 
quicli boy. acjU salwa''a, 
pressure, hurry. 

ilJ^sulAh, see dJiU 
J- ( J-j ) sala (jisly ), to melt 
( butter, etc.). J- salla, to 
amuse. JJI insala, or J^rt 
i fsa to,to be melted, meagre. 
^^\ issalla, or J-Jl itsalla, 
to be amused, have sexual 
intercourse. V-« masly, 
melted, melted butter, j*. 
mussally, or J.-i« m itsally, 
amused. L. saZy, act of 
melting. 4.1-.r taslyja, am- 
usement, /)i. JLJ iasdly. 

jA-stit/g, see jU 
A- salym, see L, 

lileL. silymdny, sublimate. 

jf samm or summa, then, 

!««.( ^_ )samm (^jisimm ), to 
poison; 4.i*$Cj^ ^* huwa 
samminy bi kaldmoh, he 
offended me with his words. 
^\insamm,or .J\itsamm, 




to be poisoned. *y^'masmiim, 
poisoned. ^' tasmym, act 
of poisoning. x«s imm, poison, 
pi. -^p» sumiim; Ji .^simm 
fdr^ rat's bane ; ^^c-'l ly* 
hawa es sumAm, sirocco^ 
simoom. (ijl«-. simmdwy, 
magician_,pi. Aij^w, simma- 
\^ sama, sliy^ heaven. iSi^c 
samdwy^light bluejc^jlc- o^l 
(5da samct 10 f/,roofless room. 

*»-V- samtip'a^rudeness, antipathy. 
**-" samig , rude, antipathe- 

-\^ samdh, see «*-*• 

j(^^samdr_,see ^c* 
jy\^i^samafdr'* semaphore, pi. 
vl^ljyl^w samafordt. 

jti'sammdq, sumach. 

6ti:r sammdk , see ^iXe* 

S\^ samdka, see sJ-" 

^W* sammdn^ see ^^ 
<^j\^ samdwy^ see !<-, 
i^il.. simmdwy, see ^v, 

^^ samig, see «».Vsi. 

^.-. ( ^c*^. ) samaA (jismah ), to 


permit,allow, tolerate; tcC* V 
■uil to samah alldh, God 
forbid I ^jLscim i/i, to forgive, 
pardon, ^c-*! insamah^ or 
?^^"l itsamahj to be permit- 
ted, allowed. <sLl issdmih^ 
or «:LjI itsdmih, to be 
forgiven, pardoned, ^-y.-^* 
ma«m^/i, permitted,allo\ved. 
r-l«-. samdh, forgiveness, 
pardon, permission. *ss\.«* 
musdmha, forgiveness, 
pardon, vacation, holiday, 
pi. oUl-. musamhdt. ^l- 
simih, pleasant; ^sf Aij 
wissoh simih, he has a 
smiling face. 

j«.- . jC\ ( jt-l ) ismarr, to be 
brown, dark ( complexion ), 
sunburnt, jr' musmirr, 
brownish. jClasmar,brown, 
dark, sunburnt, fern. IjC* 
samra, pi, j:* siimr; j\cj, 
hasyra samdr^ grass mat 
(of a superior quality). 

j*.^ ( JA ) sammar, or ^ir* 




masmar, to nail^ copulate. 
jCl issammar , or _,(r'l 
itsammar, or ^ir^l itmas- 
mar, to be nailed. jC*** 
musammar, or jr^ mtimas- 
mar, nailed. j>c-' tasmyr^ 
or .jir* masmdra, act of 
nailing, jl^^. musmdr, nail^ 
bolt, pZ. jj«^-.* masamyr; 
,y.\ J^^o musmdr ibra, 
French point; lia'j^ j\e^» 
musmdr qala{ix ^scre'w nail; 
^j\J j\e^ musmdr qaba- 
qyby, peg nail; ^l^p■ J^^» 
^y\^\ musmdr hadyd bi 
sam^tZa^ hook bolt; (S^ ^Mfl 
j,kJ\ j\^>elakla dy musmdr 
el 6a(n,this meal is the pierce 
de resistance. 

j-;.c* ( j-c-l ) samsar* to act the 
broker, intercede, .^-c 
samsara, brokerage, bro- 
ker's fee. jl^c simsdr, 
broker, pi, »^\_^ samdsra. 

^ simsim , sesame, coriander 
seed, 5^. iu>..jf simsima, pi. 
wlt-jj" sim,simdt 

Ji*.- ( iat-l ) samat ( jusmut )^ to 
scald with boiling water, 
cookby boiling, iac-M insa- 
mat, or Lir'l itsamat, to be 
scalded, cooked. i»jr^ mas- 
mM, scalded, cooked. Jac* 
samt^ act of scalding with 
boiling water, cooking. Jac^ 
masmat, scalding-house, 
pi. Ja«U. masdmit, 
«♦- ( >nrl ) simi"^ (jisma' )^ to 
hear, listen ; a.!^'1 .c-i !.> J_^l 
eZ walad da jisma^ el kil- 
ma, this boy is obedient. «c* 
samma\ to cause to hear, 
recite. *e^l insama\or ^\ 
itsama\ to be beared. «.\.- 
sdmi\ listener, joZ, oj«»L 
sam'yn. .c* sama", sense of 
hearing, singing, music. 
».c^' tasmy\ act of causing 
to hear, recitation. 4c\.,. sam. 
md'^a, stethoscope, pi. c-lcl*- 
div- samak , fish, sg .'^s'samaka , 
pi. cJ^ samakdt ; die* c.>J 
.j-^f sam/Xk^ cod liver oil; (ije 




aC- '^n samaka, corn in 
the foot. iJlj'- sammdk, fish- 
erman, p^. <^^ sammdka, 
or ,jS^\^>'sammctkyn. 

di*- sumk, or ^iU samdka, 
thkkness.^.csamyk, thick. 

jv- ( ^^*.-j)si/n(>ifyJ5man^,tobe 
fat^ corpulent, ^^^c* sammin, 
to cause to be fat or corpu- 
lent. 4^^ simna fatness, 
corpulency. <j(<c simyn, 
^^c samtij melted butter. 
J\.ifsammdn, seller of melt- 
ed butter, pl.A:\^sammdna; 
i^\,^ sammdrij quails, sg. 
4.;l4- sammdna, pi, O-IV- 
sammandt-^ ^^^)\ ijl,-. sam_ 
mdnet errigl^calfoi the leg. 

^«.- sumd, Highness ; i/y.-A^J^I ^c 
sumA elh'id^wy, His High- 
ness the Khedive. 

jy." samm^r, beaver, sable. 

jr ( J.-4 ) samma ( jisammy ), 

to name; jl^l ^ ^- sammy 

"aUxl walad, hold the boyl 

k-l issamma, or c^ I itsam- 

ma, to be named, j.-^ ma~ 
sammy, or jr^ mitsammy, 
named. a.jC' tasmyja, act of 
naming. ^1 tsm, name, pi. 
^j\^\ asdmy; A.\cii\ ^-\ ism 
alldh "alih, God guard him! 

Lj!" simyt, native cakes, sg'. tS»^ 
simyta, pi. olU.c simytdt. 

viLr samykj see .iic 

i:^ simyn, see jc 
u" ( a~'. ) s'^'i^ ( jisinn ), to 
sharpen (knife, etc.); **:V,^- 
sa?i^ ldjha,he formulated a 
regulation, jx- sannin, to 
teeth. j-Jl insctnn, ov jS\ 
itsdnn, to be sharpened. 
0}-~' masnun, sharpened. 
j^ sarin, act of sharpening, 
jj<:-j iasn(/n,act of teething. 
^^tmisann,orj~> j^hagar 
m isan n ,whetstone,pi. oU-~. 
misanndt, or j-.* ij^ 
higdret misann. ^- smn, 
age; ^^ sinn, tooth, cog, 
pi. jU-- sindn, or ,;)L.t 
rtsnttn; oU-\. Ai»^ '^agala 
bi sindn, cog-wheel; j^ 



^^sinn fyl,or r\c'^dg,iyory; 
di<^. 4;- sinnoh jidhak^ he 
has a smiling face; ^iS^iiU- 
sinnak kdm, how old are 
you? ^y. J^c- '^s sinn^coarse 
bread. ^\:^ sanndn, knife 
grinder^ pi, ajI^^ sannAna, 
or t>yl:-- sannanyri' *:- 
sunna, Mohamedan law. 
^^» musinn, aged. 
Ut sana, see ^^' 
tj\:^$inndra, fish-hook, /)i. 
jul:.- sananyr, or ^IjL- 
l5 A:- sinndry, see Jy 
^,\x^sanamikky^ cassia. 
,j^.l:- sanamura* native herring. 
(^l>. sanndn, see ^^-. 
lii^:- sanbfi/f,rivetting punch, pZ. 
dJlU-. sandbik, 
.l_ji-jJ»:^sa/ibaZ ice huzdm, tulip. 

4^ sinbila, see J.- 
liL.^:^ san&iisi/f, meat patty (of 
triangular shape^^s^'.^C-^u- 
sanb{lska, pi. o'SC^.usan- 

ys-^santo, or j:- Ranty, or 

/)Z. si.l>c^' santimitrdt. 
cjU^ singdby, grey-coloured. 

j^ sangaq* flag^ governor of 
a province,pi. j>-li-sand5'ig. 

A^ singa, weight of a balance, 
pl.^sinag; .^Ip If-Jc ^"if 
Idbis 'ala singet 'asara,he 
is dressed up to the nines. 

A*-" singa, see ^^- 

^ ( ^6i-.i ) sannah, to feign not 
to hear, be indifferent. ^:_* 
m a sanna/i, one who feigns 
not to hear, indifferent. 
^juJ tasnyh,Q.c\, of feigning 
not to hear, indifference. 

jl:^ ( ju_i ) sanad (jisnid) or 
sannid, to support. Jt;.-J| 
insanad, or s:-J\ itsanad, 
or Mt^\ istanad, to lean 
upon, be supported. i^:_« 
masnud ,oY xx~» mastinid, 
leaning upon, supported. Jii- 
sand, or x.lJ tasnyd, act 
of supporting. i\x\Aistindd^ 
act of reclining on.xi^sanad, 
support, proof, receipt, pi. 




OljLi- sanaddt. a::-^ mus- 
tanad, proof, voucher, pi. 
Oljui-.. mustanaddt. Xi~.» 
masnad, a thing to lean 
upon, pi, ji)l-^ masdnid; 
M[~.i^^f^kursy hi masdnid, 

^}\j^sinddl, anvil, pi. JoU- 

t jX.^ sandar a , or ,jx^sandara, 
attick, loft. 
^)jj^ sandarits* varnish, 
^l) ju- sindij'driy holm-wood. 
Ja:- sant, acacia nilotica. 

jjJ*:- santyr, musical instrument 
( kind of harp ). 
yii^ {jL~i)san far, to polish with 
sand-paper, jir-l issanfar^ 
or jiL-j| itsanfar, to be 
polished. _,»:-. musanfar, 
polished, .jii- sanfara, act 
of polishing; ,ji.^jj)waraq 
sanfara, sand-paper ; ,_,i:^ 
J»j». nanfara hadyd, bur- 
(^_^-. sankary^ tinker, jO/. *ijCi-. 

jL5c- sin ffesdr/ life of the Saints, 

7-f:^ sankiih, miserable, wretch, 
pi. /U- sanakyh. 
<ii- sana, year, pl.uc^ sinyn; 
4^- ^jj:-. sittyn sana, or «-iS\ 
4^- aZ/' sana, so much the 
worse 1 Uc a;- ^1\ aZ/" sttna 
'a/^/i, so much the worse 
for him 1 let him go to the 
devil I i^y:^sanawy, yearly. 
*:- sunna, see^- 
ij ijk) sanafjisny), to praise. 
Uii-I isiaana, to except.^il:-^ 
mustasna, excepted. \_;t 
sana, praise, Ul"-.l istisna, 
exception. Ufl asna, while ; 
dl)S L*l j /■[/ asna zdlik, 

»jj^-smd6r<3t,necklace,pZ. vilji-:- 
jf.j,{ j^«-i ) .si/iir (jishar), to 
keep awake at night; Oj^ 
(^jUjcp sihirt 'and gdry, I 
passed the evening at my 
neighbour's. j(^ sahhar, to 
cause to bo awake, j^^i 



tashyr^ act of causing to be 
awake, j^ safiar, wakeful- 
ness.jjljj.- sahrdn, one who 
keeps vigil, .^j- sahra, 
evening, soiree^ pi, ^Ij^ 
sahrdt, iSj\^ »^{.» qahwa 
sahhdry fioffeesho];) which 
is open all night. 

^^ ( J^^i ) sihil (jishal), to be 
easy, J^- sahhil, to cause to 
be easy^ facilitate. Jftl-.ri 
it&dhil, to be lenient. Jj.— u-l 
istashil, to consider easy. 
J.^~Jtos/if/i, facilitation, a! 3f- 
suhilla, ease, facility. J^- 
sahl, or J*U sdhil, easy; 
J»\.Jl ^\i^ hilii^ bis sdhilj 
he got off cheap. J^.-. sa/iZ^ 
plain, pi. J^j.- suhdl. 

J^-(J(-j) sa/iaZ ( jishil), io 
give diarrhoea. J j^ I in sa/iaZ^ 
or Jf— *l itsahal, to have 
diarrhoea. J^j.-.* masMlfine 
who is suffering from diar- 
rhoea. Jl^-I is/idZ, diarrha-a. 
Jf-. mlishil, purgative. 
--* sahm, arrow, pivot, share 

in a company, pL^\as hum; 
^J\ jiii nafad es sahm, 
the die is cast. a.«*1_. ^^ 
sirket musdhma, compa- 
gnie anonyme. 
y^ sahu, see ^- 

Ay^suMda, see J^- 

i/^- ( iSi-'-)^^^yO'isha),to forget, 
overlook, neglect ; J* ^^ 
■ si/if/ 'a toi/ya, it escaped my 
memory, i/l- sdhy, wily, 
heedless ; i/l^:, v.i i/l-^^ es 
sd/iy tahtoh dawdhy^ 
smooth water runs deep. 
^f- sahu, forgetfulness, 
yj.saw, see ►U 
l^<. sawa, together ; 1^- l:-i. 
misyna sawa, we walked 
together ; 1^- dJu J zayjak 
sawa, exactly lils.e you; lil 
\y^ l^il U i^-a ga el hawa 
sawa, if the wind is fair, if 
circumstances favour. 

i_»ly sawdb, charity. 

9-\y^ sauwdh, see ^-L 

i\y^ sawdd, see j^- 




i^j\y^sawdry* cavalry; (ijl^- 

jy\)\ sawdry el wabdr, 

captain of a steamer. j 

^}\*y sauwdq, see jL 

Jl^swdZ,see JL 

^jj-'sAbja^ Nubian beer. 
*^,y s{ibja* trousers-strap. 
JTr- ( jT^-l ) s6gar* see f ^^ 
i'y{ j^-j ) sauwid, to blacken; 

v'>r •^!>- sauwid gawdb, he 

drafted a letter; ^J.; i^-J VjI 

^'a tisauwid wissy, don't 
shame mel *zL.e- a) b'i^i 
sauwidna loh ''ystoh, wej 
made his life a misery to him. 
j^-l issauwid, or i^l 
itsauwid, io be blackened, 
j^l iswadd, to become' 
. black. iy->muswidd, black- 
ish. Jb^-J taswyd, act of 
blackening. ^St^yJtaswyda^ 
or o^-* muswadda, rough 
draft, proof-sheet, jU> 
(Zd^ i^-l iswid, black, /"em. 
Ij^ S(3da, pi. i^-. srtd ; *i» 

iyj qalboh is tu id, he bears 
malice, he is vindictive; aj jU 
Ij^-. gdrja sdda, negress 
slaveol^sajfdd, blackness. 
I iysoda^ melancholy . <^ }\iy^ 
soddwy^ melancholic. 

o^iy suddn,S\idan.j\iy*suddnyj 
Sudanese, pZ. A.Jli^-. suda- 
nyj'a^ or^jlJ^J^ sudanyjyn. 
jy s{ir, wall,/)Z. jl^l aswdr, 

3jy (jj_j-))s(5ragf,to faint. jj_y-» 
misdraq, one who is in a 
fainting fit. 4.5^^- soraqa, 
fainting fit. 

tjy st^ra, chapter of the Koran, 
pi. jy suioar. 

(Sji" sdry, Syrian. 

u^'y" ( tr'^"- )^"<^wtois,to be moth- 
eaten, be worm-eaten, decay. 
^_^^' taswys, rottenness, 
decay- ^^-« musauwis, 
rotten, moth-eaten,decayed. 
^j.y sAs, moths, worms, sg. 
K^y sdsa^ pi. zX^)" susdt. 
ify $61, lash, whip, pZ.J»L-siyit(. 
6y • J^'\ ( Jy-^l ) issauwag, to 
purchase, buy. jy sAq, 




market-place, bazaar, pi. 
^\y\ aswdq, J^- stiqy, 
appertaining to the market^ 
vulgar. *i^-. s uwiqa, small 
market-place, joZ.wU^ su- 

to secure, insure ; jy, ^» 
^l^_i-l huwa sdkar el 
gawdb, he registered the 
letter ( at the post office ). 
J>-l issokar, or /'^-)'l it- 
sdkar^ to be secured,insur- 
ed. jT^. musdkar, secured, 
insured. i>l»_^^ sokortd, or 
t\jjf^sykortd, insurance. 
^y^ sungy, or ii-" singa, ba- 
yonet, pi. o^^ sungdt, 
or ^ sinag. 
iSi" {iSi'^\ ) saioa, (jiswa), to 
be worth . <i'^-. sauwa, to 
make equal, settle, arrange, 
smooth, ripen,cook;(i^-jJ/' 
'^amal we sauwa,he did and 
accomplished. t^^U sdwa, 
to make equal, smooth, ar- 
range^ settle, be equal, be 

worth, (i^:-! Istawa, to be 
ripe, cooked ; (Sy^ ^y^-^ ^1 
ift/ia istaioina sawa, we 
agreed together. (ijCl is- 
sdwa, or (i^VJl it sdwa, 
to be arranged, settled, 
equal to; 1^- l^^Ul issda 
satt)rt,they agreed together. 
<^yv~.masi Juj(/,ripe,cooked; 
ifyi^' J^lj rdgilmustiwy, 
a worn out man. ,ljL~. mu- 
sawd, or \il-* musawyja, 
arrangement, equality. aj^-.? 
taswyja, arrangement, set- 
tlement, act of ripening, 

Ajuy^ suwiqa, seej^ 
j^ sy, see jL 

A^sijdg, hedge, pi. wUL- 

Atf-L- sij'dha, see »-l- 

.iL- sijdda, see aL. 

A-L-siydsa, and ^L- sijdsy, 

jL-sydg, see jU 

^Ij-, sayjdla, channel of water 
distribution,pocket,pZ. wV L. 




O^tr" sybdrij eggs of lice • 

A.^syba, or a..;- syhja, trestle^ 
tripod, pi. oL- sybdt^ or 
ot..- sybjdt, 

^ syga^ game of draughts. 
^ si/Zi, skewer, spit, iron bar, 
pi. ^U-l asjdU- 

-^- s(/cZ, see ^U. 

j^-'sir, sec jL 

j>- 6-^r, band, leather belt, 
pi. jy_^ sujiir ; ^ c5j.l ^Jj 
(jilj.«.lkjjjJ\ biddy awarry 
loh es sir jifla' mining I 
shall serve him rightly, I 
shall pay him dearly. 
■^ji-' syrig, sesame oil. aj-j.^- 
syrga, sesame oil mill, pi. 
wUj\.- syrgdt. 

oj^ sy^oi, slory, pi. j^- sijar ; 

4jI dJb"^- syrtak ^, what is 
the matter with you? JL^ L 
Jo- ;j|\- ma tigybs syret 
/ladcZ, do not gossip 1 Jr>-lj 
A^l »j^\ ^^,0 r(tg'j7 j'Craf 
es syrai^ man who knows 
what 's what. 
^^i^^sysy, pony, young rat, pi. 

-U^ sajdsy. 
sji^sif, sword, pi. ^y^ sujdf. 
lJL- sayjdf^ swordsman, 
executioner, pZ.AJL-saf/yfJ /"a, 
i\ij^^^ sykortd* see _^^- 

J..-.s^Z,and_,NL-i'ayaZ(^/i, seeJL 
j^l- ( * l-.^ ) siim ( Jisam ), to 
feel aversion for, loathe.*.. L 
sadma, aversion, disgust. 
^- sym, enigma. 
^ ) \t-'Syjama (la), especially. 
'^^^sayji, see ^L 


= S 

U ( .li. ).yt 0"'^f/A to wish, 
desire ; <col U jl in M aZM/i 

or insalla^ if God wish, 
would to Godl I hope ; I • o' 





.l^j U -uJI insalla ma ruht, 
I do not care a bit if you go 
or not I go to hell! 4j)l U \, 
ma sd alldh or masalla, 
how nice I how grand 1 bra- 
vol 'Oi\ U U Jl ila ma sd 
alldh, forever 

v_,li ( w-i-i ) sdb (jisyb), to age. 
grow old^ have white hair 
^J.sayjih,io cause to grow 
old, cause to have white 
hair. ^.U sdjib, old, white- 
haired, ^-i s^b, or *„-i s^ba, 
old age^white hair.^Usd6&, 
or v_-^ sabb, lad, young man, 
youth_, pi, jijLi subbdn ; ^ 
^y.y\<>■ sabb gam&s, a young 
buffalo. 4;U sdbba, girl, lass. 
^\J; sabdb, or a..;^- subu- 
byja, juvenility, youthful- 
ness; wLJi I J ^* huwa lissa 
sabdb, he is still young, 
»j^U sabixra, fog, mist, prow of a 
ship ; oyliU A»JI j> min ed 
daffa lik sab^ra, one and 
all, from first to last, 

^li (^jij) sAb (jisyh), to age. 

grow old, become tough 
(vegetables), ^-.i. sayjalj, to 
instal as chief or ss6. ^:-i 
s^6, aged, old man, chief, 
saint, pi, i-y^z. sujij,li,or p.\-. 
masdJi/i;j\^\^.J.s^li el balad^ 
or 4..>-l:\\ ^.i. ^^/j en ndhja, 
headman or mayor of a 
village ; r-^;-^^ ,j-U maglis 
es sujuh, the Senate. p.U 
Myi/i, aged, old, tough. Ait-* 
masjaha, or 4i-Ui sijdha, 
office of s^/j. 

j_^^U 6'(^/j is, stake, pole, pl.^i.\yi. 
jiU sddir , see ^i.> 
JiU sAdly, gratis. 

^^il-i sadAf, see ^a-i 

jU ( j_,i) ) sd/*, (jusdr), to ad- 
vise ; Jc j^J; s(ir 'alayja, 
advise me! j^U sdtojr, to 
consult, beckon, point out, 
make a sign. jUL-l istasdr, 
to consult, ask advice. jjUl 
issdioir, or jjliil itsdwir, 
to be consulted. ,j^i, sdra, 
or .j^i. maswara, advice. 




consultation^ /)Z.»l.lj^i so rtJi, 
or sL>\jy~> maswardt. ^j^ 

JAisAtir, see ^ki 
^\z sdty^ see Ja-i 

oy^y^^iSjy-^maglis sura el qa. c-Li ( «.i) ) «t' (ji&y"), to spread 

(news), f-bl as(J',to rumour. 
..j. sayja^^io send. »)l-i sd/t', 
or «^ll. musd^, spread, ru- 
moured. AtUl jsd'a, rumour, 
p/. sl»Wli.l isa^dt, <luU tas- 
Jy\ act of sending. 

jfrU«i'ir, poet, story-teller in 
native ca/'^s, pi. \yL^ samara. 

jXisdyir^ camel saddle. 
J^tU sagCil, cable of main sail, pi. 

wanyn, legislative council. 
,jLiI-l isiisti 7'a,consultation, 
pi. oljlil-l istisardt, ,ji\L, 
musdwra, consultation, act 
of beckoning, making a 
sign, pointing out. jgi* mu- 
syr, adviser, counsellor, 
field-marshal, pi. ^J_j.ji^ 
musyryn. jl-il-. mustasdr^ 
adviser, councelbr,pZ.^jliI-.* 
mustasaryn ; J\ll jl^-.ll el 
mustasdr el mdly, the fi- 
nancial adviser; jLiai\jLiI-.U 
el mustasdr el qaddy, tiie 
judicial adviser; (i^i ji-jliL.. 
mustasdr fei(/^tof/,Khedivial 
adviser. Government legal 

c.j\isdri', secf-jJ. 
(^ jU sdry, see iSj^ 
j.\Ji sd.s, muslin. 

l.U(la.i)J sdt(jisyt), to burn 
slightly, take fire. i»Lisy<if, 
act of burning slif^htly. 

JJ>1^ sawagyl. 
iU(^^i..) «t/-, (jus&f), to see, 
think ; ^^il^l-i y huwa sdf 
nafsoh^ he took good care 
of himself, he became con- 
ceited ; ^0 4.-.i; o\- y huwa 
sdf nafsoh 'alayja, lie looks 
down upon me ; *.^ ^\J:- y* 
huwa sdfkSfoh^ or vjl-i y 
i^\yhuwa sdf ma^dgoh,he 
consulted his own pleasure. 
xj'^sauwif, to show, cause 
to sec. vjliil insdf^ or ^\iS\ 
itsdf, to be seen; jLiliJU ._,. 



mara ma tinsdfs, an ugly 
woman, ^^i s6f, or J\i^J:. 
sawafdn, sight. -w^J; s(3/"a_, 
a sights pi. jjlj^-i so/di. 

jU , jliil (jUij) J^icig', or J^iH 
itsauwaq, to desire^ long 
for. j]ji sauwaq^ to excite 
desire. jl:i« mtistdg, desir- 
ous, eager. jLUI istijAq, 
desire, a longing for. 

jU sdqq, see ji 
Aj_^i sdkiryja,daggev,pl. wl^Hi. 

^/Ti sakds* see ,j./'U- 
Atj/li sa/corie?!«, *jackonet. 

j^U sdky, see jT-i 

JU (J;i.)) s(tZ (jisyl), to lift up, 
carry,remove^keep, contain; 
j^k>-j ^!U yfhuwa sdlny we 
hattiny, he looked me up 
and down; / J^-^^t.^ U J,^lj 
M^ji ma jisyls hamm,a 
happy-go-lucky fellow; ^* 
^^ ^yji-uhuwabij isyl filus, 
he puts by money; .^U. JU 
sdlmanaJjyroh^ he became 
conceitdjhe became haughty. 

Jliil insdl, or JliJI j7sdZ^to ' 
be lifted up,carried,remGved, 
kept. J.-i ^■e^, act of lifting 
up, carrying, removing, 
keeping, containing. 4.;^ sila^ 
load, weight,/)?. ^%^i-seldi-j 
4.J ^J- sela Mlxx, altogether, 
without weighing or count. 
porterage. JUisa(/y(JZ, porter, 
pi. ^\J^ sayjdla^ or ^\J: 
sayjalyn. ^jLi sayjdla^ bra- 
cket, pi. oVL- sayjaldt ; 
j,_j\ '^[.^ sayjdlet es ;syr^ 

J^-i sdl* shawl, pi. cj%i- syldn. 

*J^- sdlja, earthenware bowl, pi. 
^UU kdjdi. 
(JO c^-^ s(im fes.;, Syria ; ,j\.53l aHW es 
s(im eZ kibyra, Damascus. 
^-U .s(tm?/, Syrian, /)?. ^.l^ 

4,U .^^ma, beauty-spot, mole,p?. 
oUU samdt, 

^Li jsdn, affair, sake; o^ Jp 'ctto 
sdn, or ;^lip 'a^'ttn, or jjU j^« 
mm sdn, or jjli,! lisdn, for. 




because ; xA o^~* "^asdn ^, 
what for'?tj*.o^-^ ^aidn myn, 
for whom? il^U- oli.© 'asdn 
Ijdtrak, for your sake; o^i.^*^ 
^»-j U 'alasdn ma rtiht, 
because you went ^ IjT'i^Liic 
'alaidn keda,(ov this reason^ 
therefore; U*^»U(:jliJo'atosd« 
ma huwa /lenajust because 
he is here. 
>\j.sdh* Shah. JUU scihdtiy, 
royal. jXi.tXi. sdhbandar , or 
jji:.^ ^a&anda 7'^ chief of the 
corporation of merchants. 
</\- sd/iy, striped silk ma- 
terial. A.kU kihyja^ roll of 
striped silk material. 
Ji»U sdhidj see Ajji 
A..jjU sdwirma* rich stew, roast 

^. jU sa w ys, sec JLi J W- 
t^U aV,* tea. 
vj-iU idjib, sec ^U 
^l- «i/"(7j, sec ^U 
*).b sdyT, see pl-i 
w^i (^i.) )«a66 (Jisibb), to stand 
on tiptoe. ^.^ .sa66, act of 

standing on tiptoe. 
s_*^ sabb, or A-i sabba, alum. 

v_.Li sabdb, see ^ 

ilL-isjfeM/c, window, joi. dLLi 
sababyk ; Jii- ilUi sibbdk 
lahma, gridiron. 

z^iabat, dill (plant). 
*i^ ( jst^. ) gabah (jisbah), to 
open the arms, crucify. ^ 
sabiji, act of opening the 
arms, crucifiction. i^sabha, 
shackles,fetters for animals. 
^-' musabbah, broad dried 
jU { j,ij )sabbar, to point out 
with the hand, gesticulate. 
j^^zJ tasbyr, act of pointing, 
gesticulation. jJ^ sibr^ span, 
space between the ends of 
extended thumb and little 
finger, pi. jLiI asbdr; Jj-.^ 
L.j\-i j huwa jig raqfy Hbr 
mayja, he quickly loses his 

jj<i. ( jj^i> ) kibraq, to feast 
(children), give (children ) a 
treat. JjjJLl iisabraq, or 


jjjij I itsahraq, to be feas- 
ted, given a treat. A»jci 
kibraqa, treat, pocket-mo- 
ney, /)Z. JjUi sabdriq. 
,^z,sibsib* slipper, pi!, v^-i^^-i 

Ja..^(Ja-i) ) saba^ (jisbat)^ to 
take hold of, take a fancy to. 
!h.^ sabbatj to cause one to 
take hold of, cause one to 
take a fancy to.^:Jl^- sabtdn, 
one who is taking hold of, 
having a fancy to. 
jtji ( «^i ) sibi' {jisba" ), to be 
satiated, satisfied. ^J-sabbd, 
to satiate, satisfy. *.i saba\ 
satiety, fulness, satisfaction. 
^[mJ. sab'dn, satiated, full, 
satisfied; ^j^■^ Jr'j ^dgil 
sab'dn, man of means; j^ 
ij\»^i.bahr sa&'(in,deep water. 

viL- ( liJi-ii ) kabak ( jusbuk J, to 
entangle, attach, entwine, 
engage,betroth. ^iJui sabbik, 
to entwine. dL-iit insabak, 
or ttl-ijl itsabak, to be 
entangled, attached, entwi- 

ned, engaged, betrothed. 
^)-:^> masbuk, engaged. 
iiLi« musabbik, entwined. 
iiS^.J: sab/fa, engagement,be- 
trothal, difficulty, pi. si,SC.- 
sabkdt. tti_i sabak, nets, sg'. 
i$Ci sabaka, pi. O^i sa&a. 
kdt.'i^..i sibyka^ net-work. 
dLi.. masbak, hook, paper- 
fastener, p^. dlAi.. masdbik, 

^^■i- kibuk* smoking pipe, pi, 
yLi^^J^'kibukdt .^■^ subuksy ^ 
pipe-seller, pipe-maker, pi. 
<^Si- subuksyjCb . 

*^i ( <^^ti)sabah (J isbih), to resem- 
ble,cause to be suspected. 
*;U sdbih, io resemble, com. 
pare, iui ^aftfci/i, to compare, 
liken; aJc a^I lit anabakab- 
bih 'aUh^ I take him for 
some one I know. «.^il 
istabah, to suspect. A-iTI 
insabah, or <.±ri itsabah, to 
be suspected. 4.1*1 itsabbih, 
to imitate, follow the exam- 
ple of another, be compared, 
be likened, .^.i. makb&h, 



suspected. A»^.i. ,y mara 
masb^/ia,courtesan;o^JL. ^.i 
bet masbdh^ secret brothel. taibyh, comparison^ 
\milat\onjPl.Z'\^:.i taibyhdt . 
4^i kibha, doubt, suspicion; 
4^i. jlL.» U ma ff/s subha, 
there is no doubt; 4.«»lj <».^iJ\ 
aJc es subha wdq'a 'alih , or 
4..».j^-2s;*.^i\\ e^' subha mcth- 
dira fyh, he is the only 
person suspected. aj-H* 
miiMbha, or Jul±r tasdbuh, 
comparison^ resemblance. 
A..i sabah or sj&/i, resem- 
blance^similarity; ,^i-l «..-i ^» 
huwasabah aiiCih, he lool^s 
like his brother. ,L:i.Us^jM/i, 
doubt, suspicion, ambiguity. 
i.^y^kibubyja, see^_.Li 
^i sibyka, see dl^-i 
tjA^i si6j/ra/ godfather, joi. j^Li 

A^ sibyja, sec 4-w.»- 

C,-i ( ^-) )^a<i {jisitt ); to run 
away^ desert; j^i J^'^aqloh 
hatt^ his wits have gone 



wool-gathering, he became 
insane . 
sita^ see ji 
satldm, see Ai 
( J:i^ ) saiaZ ijistil), to 
transplant. Jii saiZ^nursery 
plant . 

( Al) ) satam (jistim), to 
revile^ swear at. xiji insa- 
Zam_, or A in itsatam, to be 
reviled. *y.-i. mait^m, 
reviled, xt satm, or *.ir" 
sityma, defamation, abuse, 
pi, AxJ: satdj Im .A'i-sattdm , 
reviler, one who uses foul 
language,pZ. ;;;(<.l:isa Z^am f/n . 

: ( ^±1 ) satta (Jiiatty), to 
winter, rain. l:i sua, winter, 
rain, ap^:-: sitioyja, a winter 
season, pZ. o\j^:i sitwyjdt. 
if ^ sit wy , wintry^ winter 
crop. ji. masta^ winter 
residence or resort. 

' sugd'', see «».-' 

" . j;^liil ( j^U^i ) itktgir, to 
quarrel. »j>-li.« mukigra, 
quarrel, row, pZ. ol^^-li-* 




jfsagar,ov jiT sagar^ trees^ 
sg. tj< sagara, pi. z>\j>^ 
sagardt^oT jW^I asgdr.^Aj^ 
sagardja,shruhjpl. C^Vj*^ 
sagarajdt. j*^" musaggar, 
adorned with drawings of 
trees • 

»jr ( -s-H ) sag ga", to encourage. 
•a^l issagga'^fiTii^ \itsagga\ 
to be encouraged. »;S^ tasgy\ 
encouragement. ic\sr mgd^a, 
courage, bravery. c-lsT' sugd\ 
or ^if' sagy\ courageous, 
«r brave, pi. jU*^ sug'^dn. 
( *--'. ) saM [jisihh >, to dimi- 
nish, be rare or scarce. ^ 
sihha^ rarity scarcity, ava- 
rice. J3 Mf^sahdjih en nyl, 
low water level of the Nile, 
C^W' sahhdt, see ^i.*-" 

jj- ( j^\ ) sahbar, see j^ 

^*-- ( ^5tij ) sahat ( jUhat ), to 
ask for charity, beg. ^sti 
sahhat, to give gratis, lend • 
Oy--* mashAt, given gratis, 

borrowed. ajWs ihdta^ mendi. 
city, beggary. wl»s^ sahhdt, 
street-beggar, pi. (jjrU-' 
sahhat yn. 

iasi^ ( Ja=t-tj ) sa/iaf ( j ishat ) , to 
strand, strike the bottom, 
rub (a match), iaiaai' sahtat , 
to drag about from place to 
place. Ja=t,:sa/i(, act of strand- 
ing, striking the bottom, 
rubbing ( matclies ) . AJik*^ 
sahtata, act of dragging 
from place to place, fatigues 
of journey • 
*^ sa/im,fat,grease,lard,tallow, 
^^ iahmagy, waggon- 
greaser,joZ. i.f^^srsahmagyja. 

■,*f ( ^ic-l ) sahan ( jishin ), to 
load, fill up. jsT^l insahan, 
ov j^'\itsahan yiohe. loaded, 
filled up. /,^UI iskdhin, or 
^y-liJl itsAhin, to dispute, 
quarrel. (:;^*---'*masft6n,laden, 
fllled,crowded. ^sahn, act 
of loading, filling up. aj^^ 
sahna, load, freight, cargo, 
pi. zX^-J" sahndt. ^>L-i' 



middhna, dispute, quarrel, 
disagreement, pi. Cj\^A±, 
mmahndt. \ 

j>^-(-> >*■"'.) sahwar, or j^*^ sa/i- 
bat\ to blacken, smear with 
black. jyi^\ issahwar^ or 
j^*-^'l itsahioar^ to beblack.| 
ened, smeared with black. 
j^mmahwar^ blackened, 
smeared with black. »j^< 
sahwara, act of blackening^ 
smearing with black. j\jf^ 
hihwdr, soot. 
A-i ( fH) sa/^6 (jiisuhh ^to ease 
nature • ^-iir' sahsalj, or J\s^ 
salilil, to rattle. ;iss^ sahbO'h, 
to attend a child while easing 
nature.Mi:^.su/|(J/j, excrement, 
urine. Aitiir sab^alja, act of 
rattling. *;«?■ kahha, a stool, 
/)Z. >i.\*^ sahbdt; >jj^\ '^'< 
saliliet eVag&sa, dry mulu- 
liyja prepared without meat; 
.\^- j ^ ^Ij rdh iafiija fy 
fiammdm, he was sacrificed. 
i^' misahhct, public latrine, 
pi. zA'<* misabbdt. kk.^ 

<uhs^ha, rattle, sky-light, 
p^oU.™if kih^eJidt. 

j\p^J:saf}bdr, see j^ 

L.y ( Ja.i.-; )sa/i6a(, or iii\.z.salfat , 
to smudge, soil, blot, scrawl, 
disfigure. Ja.*--! mafjbat, 
or lx.s^'1 ithahhat, to be 
smudged, soiled, blotted, 
disfigured, iajt.-* musafibat, 
smudged, soiled, blotted, 
disfigured. ^L.^ sahbata, 
smudge, blot, scrawl. 

jvsc^ . ^f^\ (>js:^l ) issabtar, to 

bluster, snub. 


bluster, snub. 
jiT ( j^[ ) kahar, (jushur) or 
kil}har, to snore, snort, jj^ 
safif', or jjiT' sihyr, snore. 
J^ saljhdr, snorer, pi. jijli^ 

it^JLjc-i kihi^/ja^ see p 

^ieJ ((joi--! ) sa^^a.s, to personate, 
act a play on tiie stage; JX\ 
l^W o**^ ^^ hakym ki/jljas el 
'aja, the doctor found out 
the disease. ,_,AJci.' fa^- 
/jj/6', act of personating, 





performance, play ^diagnosis. 
jja.s-' t>alis, person, form, 
individual, ancient coin, pi. 
^y>\.i^\ ailids. ^s-' kaljsy, 
personal. A.^i-"- safisyja^ 
personality, identity. 

Jaici ( Ja*-1 ) iattcit (Jasliut ), to 
swear or thunder at, snub; 
j!_^I J Jasf saliat fil walad, 
he thundered at the boy.Ias^ 
^«6?, act of thundering at, 

^^ .^s-^l [l^-'.)lssahla\io shake 
one's self in dancing, have 
bewitching manners. A.«l*r''a, act of shaking one's 
self in dancing, bewitching 

-*^" siliyr, see ji' 
'■*-^ ( jtJLi J isadcZ (jisidd ), to 
pull, strain_, draw, tighten; 
vili.;^ Jt-i ^fdd /i(^to/c, take 
courage! take care of your- 
self! »j^**' Ji-i ^* huwaiadd 
ta'myra^ he smoked a ^d^ra; 
jli-l Jt-i 6Jdd el homdr, 
saddle the donkey ! a-; jJ\ A-i 

siddel ^arabyja, get the 
carriage ready ! 4^^ jJ. (^Li.S\ 
eZ ^ayjdn iadd h^loh^ the 
patient is progressing to- 
wards recovery. J ji-i^add id, 
to urge, press, be severe, be 
strict. x~\\ inmdd, or a^'I 
itsadd,io be pulled, strained, 
drawn, tightened, a:-: I U- 
^addjto be severe, aggrava- 
ted, intense • jjA-. masdtld, 
pulled, strained, drawn, 
tightened. Ai: sadd, act of 
pulling, straining, drawing, 
tightening. .Ji-i sadda, a 
pull, pi. wlxi sadddi; jj^ 
,jJ:.ioaraq iadda, playing 
cards. «Ji-i sidda, strength, 
intensity, distress, stress. 
jLiXli ^aMj/rf, severity, per- 
sistence, strictness. J.jii; 
sadyd, strong, powerful, 
intense, pi. jUi kiddd; j» 
^4 sM huwa aiadd minny, 
he is older than I. 
( ^A~i ) sadaf(jisdif), to 
lift water by means of a 



.^adAf^ s^y^saduf, \\e\\.knc\\n\ 
native water-lifting ma~ , 
chine( consisting of lever and j 

bucket), pi. 


sa toady f. 

^Ui^ddd/'jOnewho works 
a sadiif,pl.ot^\jJ: saddafyn. 

JJ-i . jji^l ( jAii ) i.isaddaq, to 
turn a tiling in the mouth. 
jjL-i xjdgjaw, corner of the 
mouth, j\sMasddq, 

•-i-i .iidda, and juju sadyd, 

see Jti 

^ ( ^li ) sarr (jukirr ;, to t 

trickle, drip, dribble, yt^ 

sarsar, to cause to trickle, 

drip or dribble, make the 

edge uneven (like a carpen- 1 

ter's saw ). »j-i_^ sarsctra^ 

act of trickling, dripping, 

dribbling, making tlie edge 


'j^ sarr^ evil, wickedness, pL 

jij^ kirCir-j j3\ J.*) b'Cd es 

sarr, God forbid I (women's 

talk), jl^.sarr^tn?/, naughty, 

wicked, quarrelsome, pi. 

t>_v, J I j.% sa rran yjyn . 

\ ji. hira, see c5_^i 

^l^i kirdb, see ^^i 

y^\j.%kirdb or kcrrdb^ or ^^_,:^ 
gurdb, sock, stocking, pl_ 
olji^i iurabdt, or ^>jl^i 
sararyb, or >I-l;'j»- gurabdt. 
Ail^i kirrdba^ tassel, /)Z. 
olj'^i kirrabdt,ov v_jjI^ 
sararyb; ^J:-\ i.l_^t (^j xray 
kirrdbet el liurg^ super- 
fluous, ornamental. 

jl^ sardr^ sparks, sg, sji^i .s'a_ 
rdra,pl. olji^i kirardt. 
*-l^i iardsa, ferocity, ill-nature, 
coarseness, rudeness, ^^-j-i 
saris, ferocious, ill-temper- 
ed, ill-natured, rude. 

i>\f.%kird\ see ^j.% 

j\j.tkirdqy, sec J^i 
^■| J>sar(i;iig, slough. 

Jlji sarrdny, see ^ 
**i _i sardha, sec »^ 

,^_^i ( .-.^^1) ) N/rj6, ( jisrah ), to 
drink ; ^U-.! v_,yi sirib duh- 
hdn,\\Q smoked. v_,*^l.sarrrt6, 
to cause to drink, saturate. 
^^til inkirab, or ^y'J\ 




itsarab, to be drunk, .j^ill 
itsarrab, to be saturated. 
^j_^lyt iarbdn, quenched,' 
drunk. ^^ surb, act of 
drinking. ai_j^ sarba, a 
drink of water, pi, kl-li^^ ! 
sarbdt ; L i.^i j ^Ij rdhfy 
Mr bet mayja, he was lost 
cheaply, he was sacrificed ; 
*,j.i i-arba^ purge^ pi. ^ji, 
drink, beverage, pi. ol^^l. 
mat^rubdt. i-jlj-i t^ardb, or 
^l,^i.«ar6(ii, syrup, sherbet. 
J;l,^i sarbdtly, sherbet 
seller, pi, K^X^zkirbatlyja. 
^j.i Mrryb, one who is 
addicted to drinks, one who 
endures the effect of drinks. 
-vij^ sorba* soup. w^jU 
i^d/'ib, or ^_^ ianab, mus- 
tache, pi. vj'p Mwdrib^ or 
dtK- wjU ••^(irift samak, 
\i^i.i^ (dJiij.i>) sarbili, to embroil, 
confuse, entangle- dii ^-il 

to be embroiled, confused, 
entangled, dl;^!. musarbik^ 
embroiled, confused, entang- 
led, ^jji sarbika, embroil- 
ment, confusion. 
rj^ ( 7-^1.) ) sarah, (jisrah), to 
explain, please; ^l^i-ljc^^ 
sarah ^alal g a wdb, he wrote 
an annotation on the letter 
4^i\\ ^^\ israh el filAka^ 
bring the boat alongside 
the shore! ^'^z. sarrahj io 
dissect, Cut into slices. »-j.t> I 
insarah, or ?-^ijl itsarah, 
to be explained, pleased, issarrah, or t-^IjI 
itsarrah, to be dissected, 
cut intoshces.7-j|^Limasrii/i, 
pleased. ^_,i. ^ar^, explana- 
tion, commentary, note, 
annotation J pi, w'e-jj-i ^a- 
ruhdt, or ^j^J. .iur{ih 
*p-jZ. ^arhoh, ditto. j,-l_yiil 
insirdh, pleasure, gayety. 
f,yj tasryhj dissection, au- 
topsy. iJL3 Aiij-i Hryhet 




ei< .Hbbdk^ window shutter, 

slice, pl.T-j^ kirali,or o\»-_,-i 
sarhdt, 7-jZ. Wirih, airy, 
spacious ; ^y- ^> bet Hrih, 
house with a good view. 

fy^ ( f^Li) .iaralj, (jusru/j), to 
split, crack, ^-^-i karralj, to 
split or crack repeatedly. pAM 
insarah, or fj— H itsara/j^ 
to be split, cracked, ^^il 
Usarrali, 0T7-jtS\ itsarra/]^ 
to be split or cracked re- 
peatedly, r-jj— ♦ masrdh, 
split, cracked. ^j~^musar-. 
ral}, split or cracked in 
many places. ^.j-i> tairyhj 
act of splitting, cracking. 
4-jJ, .sar/j, split, crack, pi. 
^^j-i kirdlj. Ai-j-i sarha, 
slice, /)Z.oUj-i i<arhdt,^^ jZ. 
kai'licig y ^ skirmisher, /)Z. 
■^i sarhagyja. 

ijZ. ( 3jl> ) sarad ( Jisrid ), to 
escape, err. iji:« mutasar- 
rid, vagabond, pi. (jUjl'v* 

:,jS sard, hot wind, sirocco, 


f ^j^ ( f Jj-i ) iardim, to notch. 

p.>jil issardim, or fjj-t-'l 

itsardim, to be notched. 

A.jji.. musardim, notched. 

i..ijS.sard ima,Qci of notching. 

^ h, saris, see *-l .i. 

j,^^ .ij^^•, root, spray, pi. j.)jji 

i. }:sarsar^ sickle. 
ijJ^jZ,,*bed-sheet,/)i. i_«'-:lji 

Ja i ( ia^-i ) «ara^ (JU'^t'nU, to 
tear, impose a condition; 
*Jc isj-i w-'5r«^ 'a?^/i, or J» 
,Mj «.s;"u^ wayj'dh, impose a 
condition on himl agree 
with him! i^jU sdrit, to 
make a condition with, agree 
with.i»jisarra(,to cut with 
a rnzor^bleed. \>jlS\insarat, 
or l>jZS\ itsaratj to be torn. 
^jZS\ it.sarratj to impose 
conditions, cut with a razor, 
bleed. i>}j±., masriit, torn. 
Joji. mtisarrat, cut with a 




razor. ^ij~' ta^ryt, act of 
tearing, cutting with a razor, 
bleeding. l-jJ;, tear, 
condition, stipulation, pi. 
^iji- kirut, or .l.\i»_)_.-i 
surutdt ■ Jsji. Jc 'aZa .sar^, 
or Js>j-s bi.^art, on the con- 
dition. i»ljtj;lisi ird(,or 4.1. jLi. 
muMrta^ mutual contract, 
agreement, pi. ^l_l,ljt.M 
istirafdt, or vl.ll»j\i« mti- 
sartdt. J>^z. kiraty, pick- 
pocket, /)?. ^:i»j-i mraty- 
ja, Aji'j-i >^cLrtyja^ written 
contract. JaJji.^frj/(, ribbon, 
tape, pL Jajl^-i kardjit, or 
4.1.jj.| airita; ^^j^ Jai_^ ■'^f '^yf 
maJj-san, railway shunting; 
4-.V iaij-i «Vf/( Idmha, lamp 
wick; J) Ji»- a$C JaJ j-i .sJr{/( 
sikka hadyd, railway line. 
l»jL> masrat^ lancet. 
9-jZ.{9-jL\) sara' {ji.^ra'^), to 
begin, undertake; .y-i f-ji. 
sara' b^nhum, he served as 
arbitrator between them. 
9-ij^* masr{i\ pro.ject, pi. 

oWjj±. ma^rudt; ^\ PijL' 
^\cmasvCi'' amr "dly^ draft 
attempt. «-jU kdri\ main 
road, street, boulevard, pi 
pyl^-i sawdri\ c-'^i sard'' , 
sBil-^cA jji.^ymarkib kard\ 
sailing ship. 
f-j^sar\ Mohamedan law. ^c_^ 
sar^y, appertaining to Mo- 
hamedan law, legal; j-j^^ 
tibb sar^y, legal medical 
science; **& .z- S^ mahkama 
sar^yja, court of Mohame- 
dan law. A.) J- sary'a, 
Mohamedan law, religious 
law, pi. /^Jj-i sardji"; j^ 
A»i_j^\bahr essary'a^.louvdan 
ijji'( <JjLi ) sarraf, to honour. 
^ji.1 issarraf , or ^ jZS\itkar- 
raf^ to be honoured, ^^i.. 
musarraf ,Gv3jLumitki.rrafj 
honoured, ^ji saraf, ho- 
nour; ^ji-pj^kaldm saraf, 
word of honour, parole, 
promise; oj-i v'j i^utbo, 





kiraf , brevet rank; ^Jji.^-ip 
^idu saraf ^ honorary mem- 
ber. i^«j- ^'^^'yf, noble, 
honourable, aristocrat, des- 
cendant of the Prophet, pi. 
"ij^ surafa, or ^\jZ.\asrdf. 
^i_jlJtairyf, act of honour- 
ing. Aii^^r ia*r?//"a, reception 
at a palace, levee, pi. ^\ujU 
tasryfdt;i.ujL-i\ i^jTkiswet 
et tairyfa, full dress uni- 
form. Jlu_,±! tasryfdty, or 
^\hjZJ ta^ryfdtsy^ master 
of the ceremonieSjiaZ. aj"W j---* 
tasryfdtyja, or a^^\1ij^ 
j'jZ. [jj±.i)saraq(jusruq),iosi'p. 
j_)-i Mrraq, to be in want 
of water, be dry (^ land ), 
go eastward. ^^ iaraq, 
drought. J|_,J. ^j>j\ ard sa- 
rdqy, land not inundated 
with flood water. Jj— i 
sarg,east,orient.Jj-i Mrqy, 
eastern, oriental, easterly 
direction. A..»_,i icirqyja, 
province in Lower Egypt. 

(ijlJj-i sarqdwy, native of 
or appertaining to the pro- 
vince of ^argj/ja, pi. .yl^-i 
sardqwa. J^j-i surAq, sun- 
rise. Jlj-i sirdq, or Jl^l 
a.irdq, resinous wood (for 
fire), -yiji sirdqa, or ii\jM 
asrdqa^ white female slave, 
( given in marriage by her 
master to one of his cour- 
tiers), pi. wUl^^-il asraqdt. 
i)j-i ( ^j-k ) sarak (jisrik), or 
iJj-il asrak, to allow to 
share in a thing, i]jU sdrik^ 
to share, take a part with, 
enter into partnership with. 
iJjUl issdrik^ or iijlii'l 
itsdrik, lo take a part, be 
a partner. i^Jj.\ istarak, to 
take a part, subscribe to, 
commune, ilj- sirk^ asso- 
ciation, ^jisirka, partner- 
ship, association, company, 
pi. zJ€jZ- sirkdt. S'j\l.» 
muHarik^ common to se- 
veral, of common interest ; 




iljlL^mustarik, subscriber^ 
partner, pi. ^5^1.1. musta- 
rikyn. dl. i slryk^ partner^ 
associate, Co., pl!€^z.suraka. 
i3lj*-il istirdk, act of taking 
a part, subscription, com- 
munion. i]jl*musrlk, poly- 
theisl, infidel, pi. of j^* 
i5 i, suruk* unsound, defective. 
ji, i sarkas, see ^J^ j^ 

viJi.» ilji. sark falak, passion flower. 

iSj'i^^ sirkulAry* circular letter. 

fjZ.{^jL\) saram (jusrum), to 

split, slitjcut. ^jZi\insaram, 

or .jiri itsaram, to be split, 

slit, cut. c.)j-« masrCim, 

split, slit, cut, AjJisarm, gap, 

opening, cut. ^_^1 asram, 

one who has a hare-lip ; 

\,jZ. \^ mara sarma, a 

disorderly woman. 

^^j'" surumb* thong. 

^» ji ( Ji.ji>t ) sarmat, to tear to 

pieces. )a.»J^\ issarmat, or 

Ja.ji,*! itsarmat, to be torn. 

iojtji,* musarmat, torn; oW 

it.ji.. gindn musarmat , 
sheer madness. *k. -i sar- 
mata, act of tearing. ^i»vj-^ 
sarmAta, rag, prostitute, 
pi. Ja..«lj^ saramyt. 
s ^i .sara/i,orw.l_,J.sard/ia,greed, 
gluttony. ,^ .iarih, greedy, 

^^^ij' sirwdl, native loose trou- 
sers, knickerbockers pi. 
Ji jlji sarawyl 

3ij^kir{iq, see J^-i 

*»j j-i .saraga,flame. 

(i j-i -c^jlil ( ^j^L\ ) istara (jiL 
tiry), to buy; j^s jUl dU^tJ 
/'f/ ^ardak istiryny, for 
God's sake save me 1 \ji- 
sira, or (i>i« mustara, 
purchase. (ij*i ^dry, or 
(ij'i. mustary, buyer, pur- 
chaser, pi. ^}i saryn, or 
C;y^JilAmuHaryj yn.tijS. iar_ 
wja, a thing bought, pi. 
Oljji sarwdt. 

*.^ji. siryha, see ^ji 

Jai _,i sir f/(, see i»j-i 

Aio ji iary^a, see p-^-i 




saryf, see eJjJi 
siryk, sec il^i 
mrik* Turkish biscuit. 
sislidna/ rifled gun. 
67'sm/see ^<ip. 

siima* water-closet, /)Z. 
^-iJ; sisccm. 
sisny* see^^ip- 
( Jaij ) ^a(i (jusutt)^ to rub. 
Ja-i;l insatt, or JaJLTl j^sa((,to 
be rubbed, go at full speed. 
Ja^k-i» m(X^(rU, rubbed, going 
at full speed. is.i sa(^, act of 
rubbing, going at full speed. 
pi. is^ki siUut, 
satdra, sec JLl 
( ^ki) ) riaia6 (justub ), to 
strike off, cancel ; Jc ^-il 
Acl jsfu6 'ato ismoh, strike 
off his name I ^k-i sattab, to 
finish, end; J;i\\ Jc ^k-i 
kitiab'ala es sugl,he finish- 
ed work, ^kiii insatab, or 
^kJLi'i itsataby to be struck 
off,cancelled.^^ki« mas(^&, 
struck off, cancelled . ^ki« 

musa^toft, finished. ^k-isa(&, 
act of striking off, cancel- 
ling; >_Ja.i jOi daftar salb, 
ledger, ^nkii' tastyb, act of 
finishing, ending. 

>-^ ( >-l jsafa/i (jistah),\.o bolt, 
run away,escape. ^^sattah, 
to unfold, do a thing with 
energy ; ■^\y^ a! 4^-^ sa((a/i 
loh gawdb,he scribbled him 
a letter. 4,s^-^ satha, depar- 
ture, escape. 

jk-i .Jail (jki^ ) ji'saf(ar,or jkiJI 
itsattar^ to be intelligent, 
make progress, be clever ; 
^cj^JLLiy* ma tissattars 
'alayja^ do not take advan- 
tage of my weakness 1 . jlki 
satdra, intelligence, clever- 
ness,ability, skill. jkU sdtir, 
intelligent, clever, able, pi. 
jlk-i mttdr. 
fja.^ satrang* or ^i^k- satrang, 
game of chess. 

^ki ( ^k^_ ) kitaf ( justuf ), to 
chip off a piece, wash,rinse. 
^ki kiWaf, to wash, rinse. 




i_iJaiJl insataf^ or c_iki.*i 
itsatafj to be chipped off, 
washed, rinsed. ^_iki.l is- 
^attaf, or ^_iki.ri itsattaf, 
to be washed, rinsed. o_yi»-i« 
mast^f, chipped, waslied, 
rinsed, coping. k_^—« musat- 
taf, or ^]=lL\» mitsattaf, 
washed, rinsed, ^ki satf^ 
act of chipping off a piece, 
washing, rinsing, oiikii" 
tastyf, act of washing, 
rinsing. A.ikJ. satfa, chip, 
piece, pi. u-ik-i sutaf; aJj^j 
A.iki; bunduqyja bi satfa^ 
flint-locli gun. 
Ak-i sai(a, red pepper. 
_^i. ( ^a-ij ) sa'''ab, to separate 
into many branches, ^ 
issa^^ab, or ^^dlTI itsa'^ab, to 
be separated, s-^ii. si'b,rock, 
coral-reef. 4*»j. sTfta, branch, 
tail, pi. ^— «i. Slab, or 
^Uiui s j'Mf .w«- sa'&, nation, 
people, pZ. v_.^«-i sa'i/6. 
^L»J; sa'bdn, 8th month of tlie 
Mohamedan calendar. | 

it.«-i . Ja.iJ.1 ( k».i.i ) issa^bat, or 
ia-»in asa'6a(, to climb, cling. 
4.L-»isa'6a(a,act of climbing, 
j«i. ( j«i) ) sa^ar ( jisir or jus- 
\ir), to feel, notice, crack 
( glass, earthen-ware, etc.) ; 
^>l j.i y(kj Vi Oj«- I. ma sa'art 
ilia we huwa qudddmy I 
suddenly found him before 
me. _,«J;l as''ar, to notify, 
inform, intimate, feel. _,«iil 
insa'ar, or j.iJ"l itsa''ar, to 
be cracked, insane. j«z.u.l 
istas'ar^ to feel, perceive, 
be aware of.j^«i.mas'iir,in_ 
sane,crazy.j^«isa'^r, senses, 
feehng; Jyt^\ Jiii mub-tallei 
su'ur, insane. jLiI js'dr, 
notification, information, pi. 
Oljl«-il isardt. _,,<i i^aV, 
hair, s^f. »j«-i sa'ra,pl. Cj\y<J- 
sa'rdt.tyLZ. ^•tVa,hair which 
is removed with a depilatory. 
(ilj«i.. musardny^ hairy. 
\jJ:- siV^ya,vermicelli.4» j.- 
sa^ryja^ lattice work. 






. ( *i.»ij ) sa'^n', to sparkle, be I 
slightly intoxicated. »i«i. j 
masa'sa'jSparkling, slightly 
intoxicated. 4.«i.«i; sft'sa'a, 
brilliancy, slight intoxi- 

( J«ii ) kCal( jisil), or jLi 
^'iiZ, to kindle, flame, ^ilai 
saHila, act of kindling, ^^^.i 
su'l^la, flame, pZ. J:H«i 
ki'alyl, or o^AjU-i su'leldt. 
4j..i .si'ta, burning piece of 
wood, flame, /)i. o!>^«isrzdf . 
J«±« masal, torch, pi. Jc\i.» 
ma«t'?7. Jcli» masd''ly,exec- 
utioner, pi. ASc\±.»makt''lyja. 
(jloli) kilaq, to suspend. 
jJ^ail issa'laq, or^tWitsa''- 
laq, to climb, be suspended. 
jl.i. mu^a^laq, or jl«ii.'tog, suspended. AsLi, 
sd'laqa, suspension, act of 
Mnyna, see je- 
ki'Ar, seej«i 

( i>y«-i ) iahcaf, to burn a 
part. i-^«il issa'toai, to be 

burned. S^yd.* mtikx^wat^ 
burned. aLj^^^ sa^wata^ act 
of burning. 

j^«i sl^yr^ barley, sg.tjK^^si^yra^ 
pi. c^\j^.i'Si^yrdt. 

Jlii kxggdl, see Ji-i 

^i-i sagat, flabby meat. 

Ji^ ( Jii.) ) ?aggal, to employ, 
occupy. Jir.M istogal, to 
work. J«iJ* insagal, to be 
busy ^ occupied. J y.1. mas- 
^^<i, worked, made, busy, 
occupied; J^ii-* JjJo- hadyd 
masgAlj wrought iron. JiiT 
tasgyl, act of employing, 
working, making, manufac. 
turing. Jii sugl, work, 
occupation, business, em- 
ployment, pi. JUil a§gdl; U 
(jj.:pj;i^^ met Zt'^s sag'Z 
'^andy, he has nothing to do 
with me; I:* *jJ dlVii kigkik i 
hena, what are you doing 
here? JUtilfsfi^dZ, or4j^i. 
masgulyja, occupation, bu- 
siness, anxiety. Jlii kcggdl. 
workman, labourer, pi. ^jUi 



saggdla, or j^jUi-i saggalyn ; 

toh kdnet saggdla we huwa 
^ayjdn^ he received pay for 
the time he was ill. ^lyiJsug la ^ 
or 4;^«i, swg'Zdna^ job, occu- 
pation, pZ. o^Aii sugldt, or 
olJ^ii. suglandt; V ji^aipU 
a1.!^« "^j id-«-i "^<^ "andixs la 
sugla wala masgala, he has 
no occupation whatever, he 
is out of worli. 
KiZ'Sifa^ and <».;li-U' sifaljdna, 
see j^ 

itUi saffdta^ see iaJ^ 

4clii safd'a, see «i-i 

vi^ii sift* see ,i,i=- 
,el:i-i siftisy* filigree M'orli. 
•j^ii-i saft-dra, or A*_jjAi salddma, 
thick lip, />i. ^'Ui safatyr, 
or ^^li saladym. 

jii ( jkli ) safar (jtisfar), to 
scold, reprimand. yi.!| jn,sa. 
/"ar, or_,iiJI itsafar, to be 
scolded, reprimanded, jiz. 
safr, act of scolding, repri- 
manding. »jii safra, repri_ 

mand, rebuke, pi. wl^Li 

ji^ safr, lip,sexual organ in the 
female, pi. jUil asfdr. 

Jaii ( Jaii.) ) safat ( jusfut ;, to 
suck, sip. iai-i saf^, act of 
sucking, sipping. A.kiJ^safta^ 
suck, sip, pi. C<lkiA saftdt. 
4]»\ii saffdta, syphon, /)Z, 
^\i.Ui saffatdt. 

»i-i( »ii.i ) sa/a' (jisfa"), or 
*iil issaffa\ to intercede ; 
aJ .iil issaffa' fyh , or a! .ii\ 
Usaffa" loh, he pleaded for 
him. icU-isa/iJ 'a, intercession, 
mediation. A.i-i sw/^'a, inter- 
cession, mediation, right of 
pre-emption on neighbour- 
ing property. ..ii safy\ 
intercessor, mediator, pi. 
l»ii kifa^a • 

jl: {^i.Ls)safaq(jisfaq),io have 
pity, have compassion; jii 
A Jc sa /"a g 'a Z^/i, he pitied him. 
ASi^ safaqa, pity, compas- 
sion, kindness, j^i- safdq, 
merciful, compassionate. 




kind. i^jUii kifqdn, one who 
is moved with pity or 

>t^iJi iiflik* sec vilU:^ 
•U-: sj/fa_, lip, border, edge, pi- 
cji-i ^jy^/", or ^ilii safdjif. 
Ulii sifdhan, or CaUi siYa- 
hyjan, verbally. 

jy^ .^A'^-, see ^ii 
ji ( jij ) ««/•» 0'i^'/"y>), to heal, 
cure. U-i siya, recovery, 
health; \;- b rfa siA*., this is 
wholesome* i^\if-\.i^sifafidna, 
ambulance, infirmary, pi' 
tasfa^ hospital. 

Ja-ii sifyt^ lean meat. 

^-ii iafy\ see ^-i 
ji ( jli ) sagg {Jukiqq ), to 
split, distress, visit; '^^ jij 
^iL.r jukiqq '^alayja ta^abak^ 
I am .sorry to trouble you; 
Jl^\ \e. jj-i ^Ij rdh jusuqq 
alal 'ayjdn, he w^ent to call 
on the i)atient. j-is^ saqsaq^ 
to shine, beam ( lif^ht ) ; 
jyi\ ^Liz. \l iamma ktqsaq 

en ntir, at the streak of 
dawn, jiil insaqq, or j.ijt 
itsaqq, to be split. jS-i .s-a^'- 
gag', to split into many 
parts( wood), jal) I iisaggag, 
to be split into many parts. 
jjlL. masquq, split- j2i. 
mmciqqaqj split into many 
parts. jiJ^* tasqyq, or j_j-: 
sagg, act of splitting, ji 
sagg, hole, crack, pZ. J^i-i 
^uquq ; ^V' ^-i; 4.-\t J^^l 
ithasml ^aUh bi haqq el 
(Xnfus^Q obtained it with the 
greatest difficulty. Ali^agga, 
apartment, flat, slice, jaw, 
half a loaf of native bread, 
pi. jLi kiqaq, ilt,* maslqqa, 
fatigue, trouble, hardship, 
difficulty* J..4- saqyq, full 
brother, fern. *l.lj:. kiqyqa. 
jU sttgg, hard, difficult; 
4j\-i JUJ:! a.igdl sdqqa, hard 
labour, penal servitude. 
\Li saga, ando^^ct^<^t«o^,seojJ; 
»Ju.-(^A2ii) kiqdif, to throw 
from one place to another. 



iiMi'Saqdifa^acl of throwing. 

jSi ( J.t.>)saqqar\ tocall, visit; 
.y\c ja.Ji\ (^ju biddy asaqqar 
^alShum, I wish to call on 
them. J^l±^ tasqyr, act of 
visiting., jyll iaygt/ra, short 
call, short visit. 

j3-i . jai.1 asqar, or Jl jSil asqa- 
rdny, fair-haired^ malign, 
of a spiteful disposition,/em. 
IjJi saqra, pl.JiJi suqr, 
Jjii ( JJ-i ) saqraq, to be gay, 
gay with drink, hilarious. 
4.5 j2i. saqraqa, gayety, 
hilarity • j jiL, musaqraq, 
gay^ gay with drink, hila- 

»S-i ( «2i) ) saqqa\ to drink 
liquors, be slightly intoxi- 
cated. ..sir tasqy\ drink. 

slight intoxication. 


musaqqa\ gay with drink, 

slightly intoxicated. 
iliJ: saqfa,hroken earthen-ware, 

J:J:(Jsi.i) saqal (jusqul), to 

fling. insaqalj or Jai,ri 

itsaqal, to be flung. Jsiil 
istaqal, to take as commis- 
sion. J^si.. masqul, flung, 
jLi sttQ'Z, act of flinging, ^^.l; 
saqla, a handful, pi. w^ls- 
sagW^.AlUi-il isiigd to, profit, 
gain, commission. 
^UJ; ( ^«it ) saqlih, to overturn, 
upset, cause to turn head 
over heels, cause to whirl 
round. ^2il issaqlib, or 
._,lsijl ilsaqliby to be over- 
turned, upset, turn head 
over heels. ^U-i. musaqlib, 
overturned, upset, upside 
down ; ^lsi.\.\| bil musaqlib^ 
in a contrary manner, 
wrongly, upside down. ^Asj; 
saqliba, act of overturning, 
upsetting. \4'-^ suqUba^ 
whirl, pi. cJ^i-suqlebdl. 
ji ( jl>) siqy (jisqd), to work 
hard, JUI issdqa^ or Jlii"l 
(child). l5.i saga ,hard work, 
fatigue. ,jl2-i saqdwa, un- 
ruliness, naughtiness, ^si 





^qy, unruly, naughty, un- 
pi. U-il asqij'a. 

j^V. saqyq, see ji 
viJi<i ( dill ) sa/c/c (jusukk ), to 
doubt_, prick ; o1ju» jdi-ii IM 
ana asukk fy saddqtoh, I 
doubt his honesty. diiO 
saksik, to prick repeatedly. 
ilSdi kakkik, to buy or sell 
on credit, ^ilt-iil insakk, or 
diiil itsakk, to be doubted, 
pricked. iJ^i.. maskdk, 
doubted. siJii safe/e, act of 
pricking ; dU safe/c, doubt, 
pi. il^-i sukAk. aSdCi sa/e- 
.s(/fa, act of pricking repeat- 
edly, d!^-: sukuk, on credit. 
dJl^i.* taskyk, act of buying 
or selling on credit. ^S^iCi.j* 
mara sa/cs^fea, fast woman, 
courtisan ; dlLC il$Ci* mii5_ 
/c4/c samafejCluster of fishes, 
pi. dl.Hi.1 masakyk. 

Ai^i tiikdja, see O; 
jCi( jCit ) sakar (jmkar), to 
thank, praise ; viL. _^w».i y* 

huwa bl jusktir minnak, 
he speaks well of you , he 
is grateful to you; dJL_J_^uyk 
huwa bi juskur fyk, he 
praises you. fj:l\\ insakar^ 
or _^\| itsakar, to be 
thanked, praised. jCln ii- 
sakkar^ to thank, express 
thanks. ^i.S(t/eir, thankful 
j^Jl, maskdr^ thanked, 
praised; j^i. J/ 'amai. 
maskHir ; a good deed. jCi 
6^a^7", or ,.J^ijCi sukrdn, 
praise, thankfulness ; o' j^ 
jJrl sukrdn el gamyl, 
i^i^Ci saksAka, see di-i 

jCi (J^-ij ) sakkil, to compose, 
make a thing of different 
colours or kinds. JS"U sdkil, 
to pick a quarrel. J^-^l 
is6-a/c/ciZ, or jjSCiH itsakkil, 
to be composed (council, 
committee, etc. ), made of 
different colours or kinds. 
to pick a quarrel, dispute. 




J|xi.« musakkilj or jSCil* 
mitsakkilj composed, made 
of different colours or kinds. 
J-Cij taskyl, composition, 
act of making a tiling of 
different colours or kinds. 
J^i sikl, form, shape, ap- 
pearance^ colour, manner, 
pi. ^'^\askdl; ^z},\j,^'\> 
Ij ma tikallimixs bis sikl 
da J do not speak to him in 
this manner I ««!lil^t Wj^jkW 
et tujur ^ala askdlha tuqa\ 
birds of the same feather 
flock together. J^i sakal, 
or ^l^l^. musdkla^ dispute, 
quarrel, pi. •yj^L, musak- 
hit. ^-L, muskil, or aSSCjl. 
mt/sfefto, difficulty, scrape, 
pi. jTli. masdkil^ or o!)^-i» 
muskildt.^^Zlisukaly, quar^ 
relsome, pl.i^^J^ sukalyja. 
^ (^i) sdkam ( juskum), to 
refrain. <!l,il insakam, or 
Clrh7sa/cc(m,to be refrained. 
^ sakm, act of refraining. 
4j#^ sa/ewa^'i/ya,* dressing case. 

casket, pi. oL=cSCi sakma- 

Ai^j^sukArja^ chicory. 

S^ i^^i ) ^<^^<^ (jisky), or ^^^1 
isiaka^ or JJii'i itsakka, to 
complain, accuse; ^^-^o ^» 
.jjji huwa bijisky bizdroh^ 
he suffers from the throat. 
^j:S\ itsaka, to be accused. 
,5l-i ^/f?/, or yiL>mustakyj 
complainant, plaintiff, pi. 
jjMi sakyn, or (jvC:— . m?<s_ 
takyn. (sf^ sakwa^ orAjJ^ 
sikdjttj or 4.0 sikyja^ 
complaint, charge,p^. (i.)^ 
sakdwy, or ^.^i sakdja, 
or oLO sikyjdt. 

J^ . Jzil ( jlu ) msaiZ, to be 
paralyzed. J\isaZii7,to baste. 
jUi issallil,or jLij\ itsallil, 
to be basted. Jli. musallil, 
basted. Jl^i satoZ, paralysis. 
Jjli.. maslAl, paralytic. a! ^-i 
sildla, act of basting. 

Ji sull, see Ja- 
J^saZZdZ, cataract, fall, pi. 
wVliU sallaldt. 




^i'^isildla, see J-i 
i-S-ssilbCi, kind of Nile fish. 
j^U salaby* see (_>d3. 
^-i ( ^Li; ) sallit, to kick. o"li 
kilt it, to make thin and flat 
(dough). j.<Jj..mMsaZ^ii,thin 
and flat. Ojl-i kclltit, kick, 
pL ^^U kilalyt. d^i saZ^a_, 
upper mattress of a bed. 
^^y-i) salah ( ji^lah ), to 
undress; j_y^5)\ lyi-' salahu 
el qassys, they unfrocked 
the priest. *^^ sallah, to Uft 
up one's dr'^ss, cause one 
to undress. ^liaJZii^jUndres- 
sed. ^ salhj act of undress- 
ing, unfrocking. ^-' taslyh, 
act of causing one to undress. 
,2^sililit, or t^IaS^- silibtin,* 
4«^i salMma, see »jyi-i 
JaiU ( JaiLi) ) salfat, see lu-^ 
jUsatoZ, see J-i 
^Jmsilin* shilling, pi. oldi 

4- ^aito, skein, pi, jLi iito^, or 


yL>J^sall&t,see ^Vj; 

JJ^^salawlaw, cooked herring. 

*ii^ salyta, large sack. 

dUi silik* strawberries. 

» ( xCLi ) ktmm (jisimm), to 
smell; l^il ^ii r-ji- harag 
jisimm el hawa^ he went 
for a walk, he went for an 
airing; j^\xi.samm elhabar, 
hegot wind of it. ^ kcm- 
mim, to cause to smell, ^ic' 
samsi/n _,to sniflf.^;i maxmm, 
or .LJ\ itkimm, to be 
smelt, c^c-* masmCim, smelt. 
^U^^* masmumdt, flowers 
which have perfume, x^somm, 
act or sense of smelling; ^ 
i^-ii\ samm en nesym, a 
general holiday falling on the 
Greek Easter Monday; 1^* ^ 
ktmm hawa, promenade, 
airing. KyL<^ kimsima, act of 
sniffing. A-isammdm, musk 
melon, sg. ^U kammdma, 
pi. ^Ul^i ktmmamdt. 

*)lci ^cimdta, see ^<?' 



^j.\^sammds, deacon, pi, A._*l«i 

j^\(i- samasyr* linen clothes. 
^:v^iU samasyrgy^ valet, 
pi. A-»-j^i\ji samasyrgyja. 

1,\^± sammdt, see Lc- 

c.\ji sammd\ and 4c\ei ^ammd'a, 
see »ir 

Ji^dsJmciZ, see Jir 

Ac sammdm, see ^i 
4>LJ; samdha, exhausted soil. 
(jU.)jjirsam6ar (hijdr)^ cassia, 

^ff- ( _^-iJ ) samat (Jismat ), to 
rejoice at the misfortune of 
another; l:J cJ^ simit fyna, 
he was glad at our mis- 
fortune, z^ sammit, to 
cause one to rejoice at the 
misfortune of another. ,;^L; 
sdmit, or cJ^:£r samtdn, one 
who is happy at the misfor- 
tune of another. 4j|^samd to, 
happiness at the misfortune 
of another. 

jC" ( jiH. ) sammar^ to tuck up 
the sleeves,lift up the dress. 

jjc^ tasmyr^ act of tucking 
up the sleeves, lifting up 
the dress. j\^ sumdr, shoul. 
der band ( for tucking up 
the sleeves ), pi, oljl^i 
^ samar, dill, fennel. 
Cjj^ samurt, young. 
^if"" samrub, branch of a tree 
stripped of its leaves, stalk 
of bunch of dates, pi. '£^j\^ 
3fi- . jifi^l (j-<^- ) ismaaz^ to 
shudder at^ dislike, shrink 
from. Jljlif*! ism isdz, aver- 
sion, dislike,disgust. 
j_y.c-.^t>i| (jj-JTi ) issammis , to 
bask in the sun. ^JS' sams, 
or jjj.'* sams, sun, pi. ^^c 
sumAs;,jjp\ (jj^'^n es sams, 
disc of the sun- ^^tP" samsy, 
appertaining to the sun, 
solar. 4.j-.c-sams«/ya, umbrel- 
la, parasol, pi. jJ^i. samdsy, 
or siU-c- samsyjdt; *.-.i.^ 
ilLiW samsyjet es sibbdk, 





Ja)r( JaiH. )samat (jusmut)^ to 
strike;._^4JaJ.^^•ama^o/l kaff, 
he struck him a blow on the 
face; J\jj au Jac samat 
minnoh rijdl, he obtained 
a dollar from him on false 
pretences or against his will. 
las' samt, act of striking. 
iSj'samta, blow, pi. olki.^ 
samfdt. i^ltd sammdt, one 
who charges exorbitant 
prices. Js^c-* ma^'mw?, struck; 
^y^' J^i walad mdsmut^ a 
young rascal, an urchin. 

*kc- samata* vow, quarrel^ pi. 
z^^li' samatdt. 
«ir( «r4 ) samma\ to wax; ^* 
Ajiil^ jtfi huwa samma'' el 
fatla^ he bolted, he gave me 
the slip, nsr' musamma' ^ 
waxed. «c^ musammd', oil- 
cloth, water-proof, pl.^X^tr* 
mM«omma'(Af.«cisam', candle, 
s^r. Ant-i sam^a, pi. vi^Uti sam. 
'<1^ 5*^".^ sam' minn, tallow 
candle; ^ i.i>i .sam' fiiim, 
sealing wax- cj^j^ .iam'i- 

ddn, candlestick, pi. Cx.-^^ 

sama^dyn. (■\ft iammd\ 

candle- seller, pi. ijif-\ct 

samma'yn 4c\ci sammd^a^ 

peg for hanging clothes, pi. 

oWlfi samma''dt. 

( i}'^- )^C'mal (Jismil ), to 
Jir include, go to the left side, 

^\t^ siml, union. J«U sdmil^ 

comprehensive, exhaustive. 

Jl<i simdl, left, left-hand 

i}^i?saml{d, dandy, generous, 
.j^juc- samandura* buoy, beacon^ 

pi. C>\jiX.i^samandurdt. 
^•J. sanab, see ^yi 
jii- sanbar,' ridge round, 

circle, iron washer, pi. y.\:Ji 

^Lu-i sintijdn, ladies' loose 


or sl-\j"U:Li sintijandt. 
ti\i^ singdna,' gipsy, pi. oU:i^ 

(SXi sindy* now ; ^.^xi. -J ^3 

da/'a' loh tiindy,he paid him 





JJLU . >i,!iiji^l ( JiliT ) issansilit 
(tissansil), to pass a hand- 
kerchief behind ones' neck 
and hold the ends one in 
each hand ( in wailing for 
the dead ). 

^^jiJki ( j^i'ii ) sansin, to c rack, 
be cracked ( glass, china^ 
etc.). ^___^i.l-i. musansin, 
i»;i ( Iizij) sanat(Jumut), to tie^ 
hang; Ji^i' J -sclji ia:i6"a/ia( 
dird^oh fy mandyl, he 
hanged his arm in a sling. 
Jajiiji insanaf J or Js.:-ill f7sa_ 
na^, to be tied^hanged.J»^:i., 
masnM, tied, hanged. i,:i 
san(, act of tying, hanging. 
Ak.i.ij4AtP ^ii^da wesinyta^ 
running knot. aLl: kanta* 
travelling bag, valise, 
haversack, pi. L:.z. sunatpv 
oUa:.i santdt. 

^;Ji .sm/", net-sacks, s^j*. aj;-: 
sinfa,pl, i_i;-i sma/,orw\iui 

j:i (juj)sa/iag (jusnuq)^{o ex- 

ecute by hanging. j;i ( j;-i) ) 
siniq (Jisnaq), to reiterate 
in the throat, throttle, be 
choked ( with water, etc. ). 
j:i.'> insanaq, or j:i.7l itsa- 
naq, to be executed, jyi. 
masnilg, hanged, executed. 
j;.i saftg,execution by hang, 
ing.^7iaga, gallows, 
pZ. jili.tmasdnig.Al'-i sanqa, 
reiteration in the throat, act 
of throttling. 
liUii dl'ii ) sannikj to dress 
showily, dress one's best. 
dXiL, musannik, showily 
dressed, dressed in one's 
best. di;:~" tasnykj act of 
dressing showily, dressing 
one's best, di;-: sinnik, fes- 
tivity, flre-works. 

J^^sinkdr, farrier's paring 

JU^ ( Jo-ii ) sankar ^io copulate. 
,_,C:.i sankara, copulation. 

JSCii. ( JSCiij ) sankil* to hook, 
trip up, cause to stumble 
down. jCil iikmkil, or 





jC:!' \ it sank il, to be hooked^ 
tripped up, stumble down. 
jCi-m j<san /« z7,hooked. iSCli 
sankila, act of hooking, 
tripping up, stumbling davn. 
jCli sankal, hook, pi. jS'l:i 

-fr'-( jcij) sanjar^ to mill coin 
jO-iUs8anyar,or j^J:» I itsan- 
jar^ to be milled, jyi. 
musanjar^ milled; j_\:-i. a.:>- 
gin^ musanjar\ one pound 
hard cash. 

jLjji ( j^cj ) sihid (Jishad ), to 
give evidence, bear witness; 
4J jLjJi sihid loh, he gave 
evidence in his favour; j.^± 
tiS& sihid ^aUh, he gave 
evidence against him. jl^^ 
sahhid,OT x^±x^\ istashid^ 
to call as a witness. Ji.*U 
sdhid, to see, witness. Ji»\-il 
issdhid, to repeat the sihd- 
da. olfi sihdda, evidence, 
pi. ^\i\fl sihaddt; 4j_,ol^i 
KJ^sihddci rutba 'ilmyja^ 

diploma; ,:>\^^\ es sihdda, 
the words: Ji^ 4jil VI a11 V 
<u)l J^-j la il&ha ilia alldh 
mohammad rasdl alldh, 
there is no god but God and 
Mohamed is his prophet. 
JLfij tashyd,or:i\^i^\ istis- 
hdd, act of calling to evid_ 
ence. Ji*U s(iA id, witness,/)^, 
ilfi suhhdd, or j^i suhAd; 
Ji»\J\ <^UJles.w6^'esM/iJd, 
the forefinger. Ju^Jl sihyd, 
martyr,pi. lJi^ suhada.s^±j> 
mashad Juneral procession, 
pi, a»\±. masdhid, »Ji*Li. 
musdhda, act of seeing, 
jf-i ( j^-^. ) sahar {jishir ), or 
_;^Jtias/iar,to declare, spread 
news, publish ; iljll J j^^l 
ashar fil mazdd, he put up 
to auction. J^^\ istahar, or 
jy-~s\insahar,io be declared, 
renowned, j^f— • mash&r, 
declared, renowned, celeb- 
rated;^^ *;l *:& jy^±>mashCir 
''annuh innuh gany, he is 




known to be richo.v-sa/i(/r^ 
renowned, celebrated, fam- 
ous. jl^^l is/i(i redeclaration, 
publication, act of spreading 
news. 6j^ suhra, renown, 
celebrity, repute. 

jf.Ji sahr, month, pi. j^t\ ashui\ 
or j^^i, suhAr. (Sj^^ sahry^ 
monthly. <~iji^ sahryja, 
monthly wages. 

c>f^ ( Jf--^. ) sahaq (Jishag ), to 
sob, sigh, take breath. *2fi 
sahqa,sdb^ sigh, breath, pZ. 
olSji sahqdt. 

Jf- ( iji^i ) ^ahhil, to hurry on, 
urge to do a thing. J-^iJias- 
hylj act of hurrying, urging. 

ofT ( isr^- )sahha[jisahhy), to 
cause to desire or covet or 
long for. ^.^1 istaha, to 
desire, covet, long for. ^yi.. 
mustahy, desirous, longing 
for. Iji-I istiha, a longing. 
t^^Ji sahwa, desire, lust, 
senlen. Jl^j—^ sahwdny, 
sensual, pZ. {j<'^\_yf^ sahwa- 
nyjyn. t^sahyja, appetite. 

jL-j..i sihyd, see s^i 
^^JL sahyr, see ^^ 
^jl^i sawdrib, see ^^.i 
j^'yi sail vodka, see iJp 
Jl j.i sar/todZ, 10th month of the 

lunar calendar. 
Jl^i, kiwdl, see J'y^ 
,_,^i sd&, hot wind, sirocco. 
^_^^j:sd&as,present usually given 
to dancing men after a 
native wedding. 
T-}-^ ( 7- j~i ) saz' wah, to swing 
(one's arm, etc.). ^^r tas- 
10 yh, act of swinging. 4*5- ^i 
suhyja, plank, pi. z>\^jJ: 
i)jyzs6rba,see v_.^l 
,jjZ.saiora, embroidered hand- 
kerchief, pi. Zj\j^sawrdt. 
,jyi. sdra, see j\z. 
ij_jyi. suryja, censer, pi. ^Z^.[Jy^ 
i^i. ( L ^ij "^sau w is, to cause to 
be sick, communicate a dis_ 
ease.^j^' issauw is, or t. ^i."| 
itsauwis, to be sick, ill. 
jt^. missauwis, or J:.j-i"»« 

4 i 



mitsauwis, sick, ill, pi. 
j^^^* mi&sauwisyn , JLi^ji.i' 
tasioys, sickness, illness, 
venereal disease, pi. jLj^LiJ 
t ji. ^z. sdsara , noise, quarrel, pi. 
ki-l^i^ sosardt. 

*-ijj; 8^s;a, tuft ofhair, crest, pi. 
j^yi suwas-^A^j^y) abii s&sa, 
tufty ; i^Ji^ j.__M j ,^\ij. 
garqdn fy ed din lisAstoh, 
he is up to his eyes in debt. 
Aijp^l Cj\f^kti,rrdt abu 
mwisa, kind of leeks. 

J«»^ s(5?, race, ramble, pi. i-l^l 

^j-i s6f,Q.n^Cj^^sawafdn,seejM. 
O^^-i sofdn, oats. 

JP sdg, see jU 

^i-i-i iij^[ ) sauwikj to prick 
(with a needle, etc.). iJ>il 
iisaw to ife, oriJji,ri iisaw w ik, 
to bo pricked. iJ^i. sdA;, 
thorns, sg'. ^'Tp suka, pi. 
<zJ^ii> sokdt. C yZ' idka^ 
fork, spur, p^ i]^ kiwak, 

spur, pi. vl^l'^Tji sauwakdt. 
AS^-ijjjr ^?/n s6ky, or ^ij ojl 
^f/^ bi sdkoh, prickly-pear. 
iiH f^yj:. sokoldta * chocolate. 

Jp sa toaZ,left_liandedness.J>il 
akoal, left-handed, /'em.V^i 

^yZ. sClmfii evil augury, sinister; 
A^U ._^ Ij ya '^& es mm, 
what a shame! (women's 
talk), f ji.. masiim,unlucky, 
unfortunate, bringing ill- 

A ^i sO,m, kind of stick used by 
donkey-boys, sg. A«j.i. huma, 
pi. cX> i^ sumdt . 

CjyZ'^ Cj^I ) sauioin^to store up. 
^yz\ issauioin, or cji^^ 
itsauioin, to be stored up. 
j^. mt^sau to in, stored up. 
jj^j^* tcistoyn, act of storing 
up. Aiy; s(5/ia, storehouse, 
magazine, pi. o^- sutoan. 

tyi- ( 9^1 ) sauwih, to mutilate, 
deform. .^ I issaa to ih^0Y,yiS\ 
itsauwih, to be mutilated, 
deformed. «>i. muktuwah, 




mutilated,, deformed, ai^* 
taswyh, mutilation. 

iS)^ ( f^^i.^ ) sawa ( jiswy ), to 
grill ; k_,_^\j* Jl^i sawdny 
min ed darh, he tortured 
me with beating. ^^^-Ll m- 
sawa, or (iP'l itsawa, to 
be grilled, (^^—i- maswy, 
grilled. <^^ sawy, act of 
grilling ; (J^ Ji taman 
sawy, exorbitant price. I'^i 
sauwa, roaster, /)L oi>^^^ 

4i^ suwayja, a little, some ; *i^-i 
<;;}5 suwayjet laban^ some 
milk; Aj ip suwayjet 
yjdm, a few days ; .u^ o^ 
hamdn suwayja^ a little 
more, after a while ; Ai^i Jy^ 
6a'd suwayja,B{ier a while; 
4)j-i ^ min suwayja, a 
short while ago ; *jp U-l 
istanna^ suwayja, wait a 
little 1 Aj^i Ai>-i suwayja 
suwayja, slowly, gently. 
^J, sS or say, thing, pi. \Lj.\asja, 
or oLiI asjdt ; (^^. Vj (^^V 

la saj wala masa??/,nothing 
whatever; J^iJ^J^'.^\ akla 
hull sin kdn, an ordinary 
meal ; 4.;Ls- 4x^-1 asjitoh 
'ayjdna, he is indisposed, 
he is ill, his affairs go 
wrong. J^i^i; bisw^s, gent- 
ly, slowly. 

Ai-Li sijdha, see ^U 

j9Lj;sy(i(, see I»U 

(}\..isayjdl, see Jli 

^.^ se&, see^li 

A.jJi s^6a, lichen. 

j^ si/i,* chintz, calico. 
^ syh, wormwood, artemi- 
sia maritima. 

^ sih, see Ai. 

tj^ syra, hasys ( for smoking ). 

JL^i sys, rapier ; ilUi.^ JL»-i st/^ 
es sibbdk, Venetian shutter. 

Ai*:^ sysa,* hubble-bubble, pi. 
»;,U,ui sysdt, or JUi syas. 

j^i»:Ji . ^;,kJ;l ( jk^i ) issitan, to 
be naughty, wicked, mis- 
chievous. <uk»_i sitana, 
naughtiness, wickedness, 
mischievousness. ^ * j Ik^ 



sytdn, devil, naughty, 

JJl s^l, see JU 

Ajr^ symja, whirlpool, pl_ ^Li 

U^ = 

JL>{ _^i ) sdb(jisyb), lo hit, 
afflict, be right ; J-u^. U ma 
jisybs, it does not matter ! 
never mind! s^\^\ insdb, to 
be hit, afflicted; a^ v_<Lail 
insdb bi Hnih, he almost 
lost his sight. w^.flL.1 istas- 
wab, to approve, prefer. 
,^Vau munsdb, hit, afflicted. 
._^-^ musyb, one who is in 
the right. a*j^ masyba, 
misfortune, calamity, pi. 
s^\.^ masdjib ; X£- j»y ^^L** 
Jbly »y masdjib qdm 'and 
qdm fawdjid, one man's 
meat is another man's poison. 
Ajl^l isdba, act of hitting, 
affliction, case, accuracy, pi. 
w^.L#l isabdt. wl^ .sajotift, 

right; wl^J\ ^^\c.ydjib 'an 
es sawdb, unconscious, in a 
trdLnce.y^\ yaz^\istiswdb, ap- 
proval, preference; di|l^-ai-l 
istiswdbak, do as you 
please ! 

j\^sdbir, seej^ 

A^sdbV, see f\.^ 
»jy\..j> sab&ra^ ballast ( of a ship ). 
Cjy\^sab{in, see ju» 

r-\^ sdg^* sheet-iron. 

Ji^( ^. )sdh (Jisyh), to shout, 
cry out, warble. r-L* 
sij'dh, shout, cry,warbling; 

crowing of the cock. 
^L<» Jl biilbul sayjdh, 
singing canary, nightingale. 
fc.^^L* sdhib, see k^*«^ 


^U sdhy, see jf 

i\^ (-i-;-*! ) sdd (jisyd), or jlk^l 
istod, to shoot, hunt, fish. 
il^l insdd, to be shot, cap- 
tured Cprey^. Ji.-» s^d, act of 
shooting, hunting, fishing. 
. J.;«9s^(ia,game, prey j/)Z. ,1.1 Jt.^ 
seddt. jlj-d sayjdd, hunter, 
sportsman, fisherman, pi. 
(jt jl-^ sayjadyn . »x,a, mCis- 
jada, trap, fishery, pZ. jA^* 
■ ji\->sddir, see jX* 
jil-9 sddiq, see j Ju» 

jU (ji^^i) sdr (Jisyr),io become, 
happen;^ jL» sdr jimsy, 
he began to walli; <ol a) j\-» 
sdrloh^, or 4.1 o jU .?^r 
/'j//i ^, what has become of 
him? j|u» say jar ^ to render, 
attend (a child )while easing 
nature;.;:)^? i^jy^tisayjarny 
mamnzJn, you will oblige me. 
j^l issayjar, or j^^'Uisa?/- 
jar, to ease nature, jj,..^* 
tasyjyr, act of rendering, 
easing nature. »j<^^ tasy- 

jyra, a stool, pi. ^I^^.aj 

tasyjyrdt, j>-a« masyr, end; 

rjj: ej!!-** masyroh juruh, 

he is sure to go at last. 
ijjU sarad, shoot, wooden trough, 

pi. ^j__)\y!> sawaryd. 
iSj\.asdry, mast of ship,joZ. ^s}y 

f-U ( ^.a))sct' (j isy^), io wander. 

vl-s sd^jT, vagabond, jj(}«iU 

jc\-»s(t'id, see a«^ 

4.SftU s(t'q'a,thunderbolt, /)Z. ^>C'l_>-» 
c-U ( A;-D. ) sets' (jisyy), to work 
in gold or silver. 'f\^\insdg, 
or i-UJI itsdg^io be worked. 
MaN minsdg, worked. tiX.^ 
sijdga, goldsmiths' art, Ai-^ 
syga,ov 'c.V^masdg, jewelry ^ 
pl.^\c\A»mcLsagdtiK-^l\l\ 4i.-* 
syget el mubdfa, contract 
of sale. iiUsdyi9',goldsmith, 
silversmith, joZ. 'c\~j> syjdg. 
«-U sdg, in perfect condition, 
sane, sound : A^ M-* sdg 
salym, safe and sound; j.J \ 



p\-tf qirs ■■^dg^ a full piastre, 
piastre Egyptian. M-* 4^ 
^umla.^dg, coin at Govern- 
ment rate. ^c-U sdga silver- 
smiths' quarter. 

c-L* sdgpr^^cSji cX^sakulagd- 
sy* Adjutant Major, pi, c.L> 
4.— 'cVy sakulagasyja. 

jU i^dfy, see j-» 

l\^sdlih, see ^ 

AlU.^dto,* saloon, drawing- 
room, waiting-room, pi. 
oVU saldt, 

J\^ sdly, block of earth,p^. Jl^-* 

^t<» ( j.^.^_ ) -^dm (Jusdm), to fast; 

we fltir "ala ba^iala, he 
gazed at the moon and fell 
in the gutter. j»'j-» saawim, 
to cause to fast, aj^ s6m, or 
»\..^ sijdm, fast, lent. A^ 
sdj im , one -who is keeping 
the fast or lcnt,/)i. jjcl-» saj- 
myn.^.\.^sijdmy, \enten food. 
AlyU.sam^to, screw_nut, rivet, 
pl.^^\ya Mioamyl. 

Jj*U mmdly, coarse bread, 
soldiers' bread. 

Cj\^ [q ,^\)>^dn(jusAn) ,io protect, 
guard, jjl-ajl insdn, to be 
protected, guarded. Cj^-^^ 
m um^dn , protected , guarded. 
i^j^ s6n, or ajL.* sijdna^ 
protection, maintenance. 
^j^, masAn protected; ^ ji-l 
CjjA\ el haram el mas&n, 
the Khedive's wife. 

<iVa>^dni\ see »:.* 
^\^ ( j^l-aO sdhir, to be connec- 
ted by marriage with, j^^ 
si/ir, brother-in-law, son- 

^^^i^djifjj see j-l.^ 

A^sdjim, see j.L» 

^^ ( .— .^f) ^offeft (jusuhb), io pour 

out,cast, mould . ^^-si' insaftft, 

to be poured out,cast,moulded. 

, »\ isMbblb^lo bo charmed 

with music, ■^y-,-^' mai^bCib, 
poured oul.^.-i. ma^sabbib, 
or^».fl:«m i^^■cI&6t6,charmed. 
^^sabb, act of pouring out. 
*..* sabba. catarrh of the 




nose. 4jV-9 sabdhttj intense 
love; A<\^z^..rnayjit sabdba, 
he is madly in love. ..^. 
misabb, tail of a canal^ 
pi. oLa* misabbdt. 

^{..asabdh, and 4^L^ sabahyja, 

jl-» ?a&MrjCactus, prickly pear. 

fAyasubd\ or »iU .■^dbi\ finger, 
pi. »i_\y^ MwdbC; J9-JI ?-\~-9 
swM' er rig'i, toe. 

'9-\..asibdg and sabbdg, see i.-» 

7t.-9 ( ^. ^sibih( ji^bah), to be 
in the morning; jjj- J^ ^' 
tisbah ^ala her, I hope to see 
you in good health tomorrow 
morning; ^1 ^ 11 lamma 
sibihessubh, when it was 
morning; llyL b#^ sibihna 
sdfirna, we went away the 
next morning, ^^sabbah^to 
wish good morning; J ^^ 
iJy I Jc sabbah ly 'ala abuk^ 
wish your father good mor- 
ning from my part! ^JLa\ 
istabah, to find in the 
morning; »^\i»t-k^l istabah 

bl abAh, the first one he 
saw in the morning was his 
brother. ^^^ Mbh, or ^V^ 
sabdh, morning; j^kl ^L^ 
sdbah el f}^r, good morningl 
A.^ subhyja, or a^ icL- 
s<J'ei subhyja, early in the 
forenoon. a.j>-1^ sabahyja, 
morning after a wedding 
day, wedding present, pi. 
o\j>-Ltf sabahyjdt. j-\.^sab- 
bdhy, every morning; UUj^ 
^L* qaddendha sabbdhy^ 
we sat up the whole night. 
^^ sdbih, freshly made. 
j^.a K J>-^. ) slbir ( jusbur ), or 
j\k^l istabar, to have pa- 
tience, wait; U jj«»l tisbur 
"alayja, give me time! have 
patience!jy-9,sa6bar,to cause 
to wait, enbalm. ju> sabr^ 
patience,aloes; rj^^ ^Ui«jvJ\ 
es sabr muftdh el farag , 
after clouds sunshine. ju-»» 
tasbyr, act of causing to 
wait, enbalming. $j^> tas- 
byra, tiffin, j)—^ sabCr^ 

patient. _^U .^dbir, waiting, 
expecting, patient ,pl, ^^U 
C"^ (^^.)?<^bag (jmbug), io dye, 
tinge. ^Jl imabag, or i^*| 
e7,sa6a5', to be dyed, i-,^, 
masM5',dyed.4i^ saft^a, or 
^L-» ^'i6(^fl',dye,paint,colour, 
tincture. i^L^ sibdga, art of 
dying, ^C. saftM^r^dyer, pl^ 
u^\^sabbagyn . a:^^. masba. 
ga, dyer's yard, pi, ^ 
masdbig . 
0^-^ { (ji-a) ) sabbin,to wash with 
soap, ji^l issabbin, or tju»;i 
itsabbin, to be washed, ^jj^. 
mmabbin, washed. ^.^ 
<a.s6i/n,act of washing. 0^1. 
.?oi6ii;i, soap. ^^U sabiina, 
piece of soap,pi.^l-_^l^ .sa6M_ 
'*^^; JrJl t>y.^-» '?ab&net er 
5' i/, soap-seller, soap-maker, 

jy,-o sab/a, r^seej,u> 
*^r,^ MbA ga fixnoked flsh. 
ts-» .sa6?/, youngman, lad,youth, 

pZ. (jl-.j^ subjdn ; jl^ ^^ 
safiy naggdr, apprentice 
to a carpenter • a-^ ^abyja, 
young woman, girl, dam_ 
sel, pi, IL^ sabdja. 
^-^ ( ^. ).?aM to be right, pro- 
per;jL*!^. U ijrfa ma jisah- 
his, this will not do, it is not 
fair; ^ J^z'^\ el "ayjdn sahh, 
the patient has recovered. 
^ sahhahj to correct, rec- 
tify. ^\ issahhah, or ^^\ 
itsahhah, to be corrected, 
rectified. ^^ sahh^ correct. 
Aif sihha, correctness, au- 
thenticity, truthfulness, 
health."^ sihhy^ sanitary. 
true, rigiit;^^.5//i^/i^ whole, 
complete. ,^» ta.^hyh, 
correction, pZ. ^U.*?^" tashy. 
hdt' ^^ musahhah^ proof- 
reader, pi, j,^^ mmah- 
^ . ^A^\ ( ^>-L) ) U^dhib, to 
associate with, be a friend • 
.lijC.^l->l i.-^sdhibt wayjdh^ 



I made his friendship, I 
became his friend. ^».U 
sdhib, friend, owner, pro- 
prietor, /)i. ^U^l ashdb. *.<* 
suhba, or ■*.-.'«-» suhubbyja, 
friendship; <u>e.-<» suhba, 
nosegay, bouquet, pi, ^..^^ 

\yc^sanra, desert, pi. (Sj\x^ 

^■K.^ ( ^. ) sahan (jishan ), to 
pound, grind, reduce to 
powder 'js^l insahan, or 
^t:^\itsahan,io be pounded, 
ground, reduced to powder. 
Oi*^' raash^n, ground, 
reduced to powder. ^:k.^ 
sahn, act of grinding, reduc- 
ing topowder.4;«^*mas/Kxna, 
mortar, hand mill,p/ • ^j»-l-a. 

^ae-»sa^n, plate, dish, pi. Ca^ 
suhdn; ^j- ^>l^ sahn garf, 
meat plate; Jaj^s- ^^ sahn 
gawyt, or 4;jP ^^t-* sahn 
sdrba, soup plate. 

*>c-» sihha, see 7^^ 

^5t-» sa^a, clear atmosphere, fine 

jz.^ {^^\] sihy (ji?ha), to wake 
up,recover from illness; ^1 
^[•Si\ «.«ir j.jAa tidayja'' el 
kitdb, you must not lose 
the book! ^j<:^ sahha, to 
awaken another, rouse. 0^ 
suhjdn, act of waking up. 
^U sdi^f/, awake, sober, 

«-9c^ t^ahyh and sihyh, see !>6-» 

jic-9 .sa^'^, rocks, sp". »y=.-» sahra^ 

pi. jyk.^subur. 

•^•a ( JL.A) ) .sadd ( jusudd), to 

repulse,prevent. j.^il j/tsadd, 

orA^rij7sadd,tobe repulsed, 

prevented. ijX^* masddd^ 

repulsed ,preven ted . s^sadd^ 

repulse, prevention, ^s^ , 

sadda^ a repulse, pi. wl^'j^ 



e,\xa sudd", neuralgia, headache, 

u\s^ saddga^ see i-Ji^ 

A»lx-» saddqa, see ja,-* 




jj-j ( jj^i ) Mdar (jusdtir )^ to 
come out, issue; ^-Vl J jS^ 
^adar ly el amr, I received 
the order; j^ 4jI jJ^ sadar 
i minny, what have I done? 
what am 1 guilty of ? ^'j^\ 
iilu ja-9 Jll ei kaldm illy 
sadar minnak^ the words 
you said. jJU» saddar^ to 
export , begin. jS^'.asdar, 
to cause to issue^promulgate. 
jji-»l issaddar , to be expor. 
ted, interfere, stand in the 
way . j.i'.^ 6(icf jr,coming out, 
issuing; jiU sddir, export, 
pi. ^\ji\^sadirdt; jiU ^'€' 
kdtib sddir, clerk of out- 
going correspondence; Jj>i 
jiU daftar sddir, register 
of outgoing correspondence, 
j>^j,M tasdyr^ act of causing 
to issue,despatching,expor- 
tation. j»xa sudAr, issue, 
source, emission . jS^ sadr 
or sudr, cliest (of human 
body), /)^ jjju» saddr; jx^ 
fjo.J-^\ mdr elqamys,^hxvi- 

front; ktVl jJ<-^<\ es sadr el 
azam, the Grand ^'izier. 
(Sx-i-a mdery, waistcoat, 
bodice, pi. <ijU^ saddry. 
jXatmasdar jSOurce, origin, 
pi. jA^» masddir. 

i- Ju» ( i- juai ) saddag, to insist 
in a rude manner, be impu- 
dent, be irrepressible, be 
cheeky. i&\j.^ saddga, rude- 
ness, impudence, cheek.c-JL-> 
sidig, rude, impudent, ir- 
repressible, cheeky, brazen- 
faced. iJi-9 sadg, temple of 
tliehead, cheek, pi. f-lju»l 

oJ^-* ( oJUiii ") sadaf (jisdaf ), or 
^j\_-«l issddif, or »JjU)l 
itsddif, to happen by 
chance ; *:!bU Jl vjji^ sadaf 
inny qdbiltoh^ I happened 
to meet him. oiU sddif, to 
meet, encounter. iixj>sudfa^ 
or 4»:>Ia. musddfa, or ^jL«J 
ia^dc/a/',chance, coincidencCj 
/>^. oXtf sadaf^ or wlijl.*. 
muiiadfdt ; *»JuJ\ jjjk) 6i 




taryq es sudfa, or ojl^li 
bit tasdduf, by chance. 

tiJk-» sadaf^ mother-of-pearl, sg. 
iwjus sadafa, pi. ^\is^ 

JXa ( jj^i ) sadaq{^jusduq), to 
tell the truth; .\j j jxa\isduq 
wayjdh, tell him the truth 1 
deal honourably with him I 
f^'^j lyJi-» sadaqu fy ka- 
Idmhumyihey said the truth, 
they kept their word, j s^ 
saddaq^ to believe,, sanction^ 
approve ; L-a.Vl Jc j j-» 
saddaq 'alal imda^ he lega- 
lized the signature; J Ju«> U 
j\^\ -U» ^1 ma saddaq in 
tili" en nahdr^he impatien- 
tly waited for the break of 
the day. j^U sddiq, to 
confirm^ sanction, approve. 
jxJI itsaddaq, to be belie- 
ved, sanctioned, approved. 
J Xa- musaddaq, believed, 
sanctioned, approved. jjl-> 
sudq^ truth. jiJuJ tasdyq, 
faith, belief; jiJi-^T tasdyq, 

sanction,appr o val,p Z. w Isi juJ 
tasdyqdt. J.5U sddiq, 
truthful, sincere, p/. ^jjJiU 
sadqyn ,*i\Xasaddqa,iT\iih- 
fulness, sincerity . jj ji-» 
saddyq, friend, joZ. Uju»I 
pZ. oUju» sadaqdt' 
fA-»( f-^ ) sadam {jusdum),or 
\i vji^l issddim wayja, to 
hit against, collide. A«iLi. 
collision, pZ.oUjkl^mosad- 
mdZ. 4jJu9 sadma, a shock, 
a collision,pZ.»il«ji,^.sacZmdf . 

jjA-> suddr^ see jJi-* 

<^ Ju» ( <i -J^ ) sadda ( Jisaddy ), 
tobe rusty. (^jLA.ma8ac?d(/, 
rusty- |ju> sada, rust, tjji^ 
sacZa, echo. 

jjj.^sadyd, matter, pus. 
(Sji^-asud^ry, secjji-* 

^ys^ saddyq, see jxa 

y (,'j^,)sarr(Jusurr)^to tie up, 
make a bundle. _^l insarr, 
or j^l itsarr, tobe tied up, 
made a bundle. jj^«masr^r. 





tied up, made a bundle. ^| pi, ^\i>-j^ ^arljAt' 

•sarr, act of tying up, malc-i jiaj^sirsdr^ cricket, pi' jrj^lj^ 

ing a bundle, specie. »^ mra><yr. 

surra, parcel, bundle, hag ji)\j^^j^ sarsur el widn,[rngus oi 

of money, navel, pi' jja 

surar ; j^\ ij^ surret el 
baUxd, the heart of the city • 

Ao'\j^sardkajSee ^j-» 
r\j-^surdfi,see ^jj> 

^\'j^sarrdf, see ^j-» 
r'j^i 7-j-a\ )sarrah, to explain, 
permit, allow, grant; a1 ^-^^ 
,jU\) sarrah loh hi agdza, 
he granted him a leave • j-j.^1 
issarrah^ov ^^^il itsarrah, 
to be permitted, allowed^ 
granted, ^'j^* musarrah, 
permitted , allowed , g ranted . 
^j.AJ ta^ryh, explanation, 
permission, leave- io-\y, 
sardha, clearness. ^^^^ 
Mr yh, clear, unambiguous- 
^j^( ^j^l)saralj. {ju><rulj,) or 
sarrali, to cry out, shout, 
scream. iAj^niurdU, or ^j-» 
.siri/6, cries, shouts, screams. 
4^j-» ^arha, a cry, a scream, 

the ear. 

^j^(vJ^-»i ) saraf (jusruf or 
j^rif), to spend or change 
money, dismiss; js- J^ ^j-» 
aSI-U saraf nazar 'an el 
masdla, he disregarded the 
case.^ J-? sarraf, to cause to 
spend, drain. o^ail insaraf, 
or^j^'\it^araf,to be .spent, 
changed,depart.^j..:»l f.s.sar_ 
raf, or ^^.^'1 ilsarraf, to 
dispose of, drain, behave, 
have free action- ^jj-a« 
masr&f, spent, changed; 
^jj^. masrCif, expense, 
expenditure, pi • vl*\»jj^« 
masrufdt, or ^j^^i ma.'^a- 
^yf') ^ijl-a« oj-^ ■iaraf 
masaryf, he incurred ex- 
penses, ^j^u inun!<arif, 
spent,drained.^,^^i tai^ryf, 
act of causing to spend, 
draining, ^j j^' tasarruf, 





disposal ofjfreedom of action; 
cjj^' tasarruf, behaviour, 
conduct^ pi. olij-fll tasar- 
rufdt; *cj\\ vJj-af tasarruf 
ettir^a, discharge of the 
canal. ^j-» ^^^/^ act of 
spending or changing mo- 
ney, drainage ; vJj-» ij^-'^i 
qantaret sarf ^escape bridge. 
oj-» sirf, pure, sheer, 
mere, ol'j-* sarrdf, or 
^ j-» sarryf, money-chan. 
ger, cashier, pi, a^\'j^ 
sarrafyn,or *ij^ sirafyja, 
k.\ja sarfyja, or wjl.^ 
musdrfa, commission for 
changing money; X>Ji- 
cAijJi\liadamet es sarfy- 
jdt, pay department. ^Jj^, 
masraf, drain, pi. ojl-a« 
masdrif. olj-ail insirdf, 
departure, dismissal. 

^j^surm, anus. 

*«jM» sarma, shoe, pl.^j^ suram. 
JUj^ mramdty, cobbler, 
pZ. a.j1.j«» suramatyja. 

i^jj>sarmyja^ money capital. 

)ju> saru, cypress trees • 

4y-» 'iO^ryh, see »-^-» 

^••» ( ,_,«-aJ ) .sTift (jis'ab), to be 
painful, difficult; 'Jc ^-> 
siHbt 'alayja, I am sorry 
for you ; ^.W ._,*-» siHb ^aU- 
hum, they were offended- 
»_,«_«9 sa"a&, to render 
difficult, make difficulties, 
^^-sl ist^a^^ab, to express 
regret at the misfortune of 
another. ,^^i^\ istas^ab, to 
consider hard or difficult. 
»_,«-a) tasa"ub, expression of 
regret at the misfortune of 
another, a;^-? su'{iba^ hard- 
ship, difficulty, pi, vi^li^.-* 
su^ubdt. ^^ sa'&or si^ib, 
hard, difficult, painful; ^«^ 
dAic sa'6 'aZ^/c, you will find 
it hard or difficult. 

juk^( J^.^i ) sa'ad ( jlfad ), to 
rise, ascend. i^«-» su'Ad, 
ascent. ocU ^d'id, rising, 
ascendant; jcU J Ci^\ ^ min 
eldn wasd'id, henceforth, 
in future.Jufcdsa't/d or sVyd, 




Upper Egypt ( south of as- 
jAt ) . (^jL.-9 ?i'^ydy, native 
of Upper Egypt, pi. »si\,^ 
iiyk^ su'^Aba, see ^.^ 
yua ( ji-^ii )sigir (ji'^gar), to be 
small; ji-JV^ Ij ^liSo\ ^jol 
icldyny elkitdb da wala 
tisgar, would you mind 
giving me this book? ji-a 
sag gar, to cause to be small, 
reduce in size. _,i-<ai-.l istas- 
gar, to consider small, jj,;^' 
lasgyr, act of reducing in 
size. ji-» '"^ug^, smallness; 
•jj\ y^ swgr es sm/i, youth; 
ja«J\ _;i.^ Augr eVaql, ovt:, j%^ 
sagrana, childishness, j^ 
mgayjar ,01' jji^mgannan, 
or kki-* sugattat, small, 
little, tiny, young, pi. jij.^i-* 
sugayjaryn, or jU-a sugdr-^ 
jjk^ sigyr, baby, /)Z. jV;^ 
sugdr; jli-s >!.-. sittmgdr, 
a young lady ; jl;..? «-jt>- 
5'ada' sugdr^Si young man; 
jU^ s-li ftitd' ^ugdr, sodo- 

mite. ji-a« mmgar, young 
( cattle) . 

c^-» ( ^-sj ) sa/f (Jusuff), to put 
in a row, array, ^-ai-^ 
safsaf, to remain, be desert- 
ed ; 4»)jl Jc Ui-ai-9 safriafna 
"alaarba^a, there were only 
four of us left. lJ-i^I insaff, 
or i_i-ai\ itsaff, or v_il»-i>l 
i?^ct/f, to be put in a row, 
stand in a row, arrayed. 
^^'■^ muni^affy or ^.ax* 
mitsaff, or _iL-a. midaff^ 
or _i^i.^ ma^fuf, put in 
a row, standing in a 
row, arrayed. sJi^ sct/f, 
row, class, rank, line, pi. 
oy-» ':uf&f; -lai^ >-«'^ J^/T 
zdbit, non-commissioned 
officer, /)/. \:>\.\i ^^ sa/f 
subbdt. ^ij>- ,jU-» ;;a//"d/' 
hur^f, type compositor, pi. 
sJ5j»- tjjjli.^ Mffafyn hurAf. 
^■^safa, see j.^ 

jIl* liafdr^ sec _^.* 

•j^-» .mffdra, see_,i-» 
^^(7*1.4^) sa/a/i (jkfah)y to 


forgive, pardon ; ^^ ^ 
safali ^anny^he forgave me. 
7=.s^ saffah, to cover with 
metal plates. ^\ issaffah,or 
^■^\ it.'^affah, to be covered. 
f-^' musaffah, covered. ^ 
safh, forgiveness, pardon. 
f^ ta^fyh, act of covering 
with metal plates. -.J^>a/"j//i, 
tin plates. Asf-^ safyha, tin, 
can_, pZ. ft\i^ safdjih. 

ji^ (ji^l ) safar {jusfu r ) or mf. 
far^ to'whistle. ^i-aT tasfyr, 
or ji^ safr,ac[ of whistling. 
tji^ mfra, cry, whistle, pi. 
<l>\ji^safrdt. tj\i^ suffdi'a, 
whistle, pi. JL,\j\k^su/fardt, 
or jjjli^ safafyr. 

ji-s . ji-*l ( ji^i ) isfarr, to be 
yellow, pale- ji-a. musflrr^ 
or j\y^\asfardny,Yel\o'w- 
ish. jifi\ a^/ar, yellow, pale, 
fern. \ji.^ safra, pl.j^ sufr; 
ji^\ l^ft hawa as/'ar,cholera. 
\jk^ safra, bile. tS^lji-s 
safrdwy, bilious. jU-^ safdr 
yellowness; ,jaJ^ jli-> t^afdr 

el bid J yolk of eggs. (ijU-» 
^j^safdry sams,just before 

jJ-9 sfl/'ar, 2nd month of the lunar 

ji^sifr or sifr, cypher, zero, 
pi. j\i^\ asfdr. 
^\^L> sifsdf, willow. 

^i-9 ( ji^i ) safari ( jisfin ), to 
reflect, think. 

i^i^asuffa, stone shelf, mantle- 
piece, pi. > sufaf. 

Ai^ sifttj see kJl^} j 

j^ ( J^i ) sify (jisfa ), to be 
clear, pure; a..;jI Jc Lj-* 
sifyna'alaarba''a,onlY four 
of us were left; Jc j.,J-> *) LU 
IjiS^eZ masdla sifjet 'ala 
kida,this is the result of the 
case. J^ saffa, to strain, 
filter, liquidate. ;-»! issaffa, 
or j-ai I i Lsa/7"a,to be strained , 
filtered, liquidated, j-a. mi- 
saffy, clear, pure, strained, 
filtered, liquidated; ^^j" ^,\ 
i-a. ibn hardm misaffy^ a 
fine rascal. Aj-a^ tasfyja, 




act of clearing^ purifying, 
straining, filtering, liquida- 
tion. Jl^-J) X.. mayjet et 
tasdfy^ drainage water. U-* 
safa, clearness, purity, 
pleasure, hair ornament 
(for women). JU sdfy^dear, 
pure, remainder, balance, 
net. J^> masfa, strainer, 
pi. (jU. ma>iAfy, 
?»J^ safyh, see ^i^ 
A\S^ saqdla, scaffolding, gang- 

J^mgr, hawk,p/. j^^suqiir, 

nS^ I ^^Jsiqi''(jisqa^)or saqqa' , 
to be cold, icy. »»!-<» sdqi\ or 
jjl*5-» sag'^n, cold, icy. *«?-» 
saq'a, piercing cold, intense 

*2^suq\ central position, pi. 
fAi^\ asqd\ 
wiJ-» ( ^2^1 ) saqqaf, to clap the 
hands, applaud. ^.2-J tas- 
qyf, act of clapping the 
hands, applause. 

Jj^ ( Ji-^l ) >:aqal ( Jiisqul ), to 
polish, give a lustre. Js-a.\l 

insaqal, or J<-sJl itsaqal, to 
be polished, given a lustre. 
Jy«a. moiqul, polished. j2-» 
saql,&ci of polishing, giving 
a lustre. 4J.2-9 saqla, polish, 
lustre,pL o!>U-» saqldt. ^Ji-a. 
masqala, polishing tool, pi. 
J5\-4^ masdqil. 

S^ ( »iA-a.i ) .sa/cfe [jmiikk ), to 
hit,strilie. 4$!^ ^akka, a hit, 
a strolte, pZ. oST-^ sakkdt. 

A,^^saldha, see ^-» 

^^^-»saM/i, and <-?-;iU salahyja^ 
see i^ 

,^i«».saM, see J^ 

^.^ ( ^-11 ) .satofc ( juduh ), to 
crucify; wU^ Jc ^cL (^^ 
^alabny sd'a 'alal bdb, he 
kept me waiting an hour at 
the door. ^1-9 sallib, to fix 
temporarily ; Jc iJail J>^ 
^iXJ:. i sallib ydak 'ala wisktkj 
cross yourself! ^-iiUnsatob, 
or ^'..Ail itsalab, to be cruci- 
fied . ^-J I itsallib, to be fixed 
temporarily. ^^1 islabb, to 
be dry, stiff. k_,ji-4. maslCib^ 



crucified. Ji.^. mmallib,' 
fixed temporarily . ^i^r 
taslyb, act of fixing tempo- 
rarily. Ji-»saZ&,cruciflcation. 
^U salib or .si7J6, hard, stiff. 
Al'i^ saldba ^hardness, stiff- 
ness, solidity. »J-9 sMZ6,steel. 
^S^ salyb, cross, pi. j^LU 
sulbdn. JJ\ ^;U sai«/6 en 
nyl, time at whicli the flood 
reaches its maximum. 4*1^ 
salyba, cross-bank, basin- 
bank, pi. wi^^-9 saldjib. 
^ ( ^-^1) salah ijislih), to be 
good, be right, improve. ^ 
sallah,io repair, set right,put 
in good order, correct ;<^ 
o3VlsaWa^eZd(ia,make the 
room 1 .j.i a) ^-^ jLjll ei 
mi^ayjinsallah loh sa'roh, 
the barber cut his hair for 
him; ^jVl ^ mllah elarcl^ 
he reclaimed the land. ^^\ 
aslahj to set right, improve. 
M-» t^dlihj to reconcile, make 
peace with. 7<.l.Ai I insalah, or 
^i^Uitsalahjto be corrected. 

set right, improved. «i^l 
issallah, or ^^\ itsallah^ to 
be repaired, set right, im- 
proved. J\L^\ istalah, to be 
improved, reconciled, agree 
upon. M-»i is^dlihj or M^»l 
itsdlih, io be reconciled, -i^^ 
musallah, or^'- mitsallah, 
repaired, set right, in good 
order , CO r reeled . ^^^\hldh, 
or ^■^^ tdslyh, act of 
repairing, improvement, pi. 
0*o-:iL.I islalidt, or o'it^' 
taslyhdt ; ,J>jS\ ^!A-»I Ls- 
Z(tj^eZarrf,land reclamation, 
^^k-sl istildh idiom, tech- 
nicity, pi. oU^^k-»l idila- 
hdt.^ sulhj peace, recon- 
ciliation. ^^ saldh, piety. 
«..».^-» salahyja^ fitness, 
suitableness. ^^-» sdlih, fit 
for, proper, pious; i-Usdii/i, 
interest, ad vantage, joi. *-l^ 
Mwdlih; dil-U j fysdlhak, 
to your advantage. aJ-Li. 
mmdlha, reconciliation, ^■^^ 
muslih, salt, -wi^' maslaha^ 




administration, service^ bu- 
siness, interest, pi. ^U* 
A^[^ salsa,* sauce, gravy. 
f^j>sala\ baldness. J.^! a.*;to', 

U ( J-aj ) salla (jisally ), to 
pray; Js\ Jc _^J-» sally ^ala 
en naftt/^praise the prophet 1 
,^or »^^ saZd, prayer. »^-* 
salwa, a prayer, pi. c.l_yl-» 

^_Ju# salyb, see ^l^ 

i«-» ( /^ ) •?<^'^'^ ( Jusumm ), to 
be deaf, j^* sammim, to in- 
tend, determine, insist ; 
*.liS^\\ Jc U*.ir* sammimna 
^alalkitdba, we intended to 
write. f^\asamm, deaf, fern, 
\^ samma, pi. -^ summ; ^ 
^\ hagar asamm, rock, 
granite, hard stone. *j^** 
musammim, intending, 
insisting. ^^' tasmym, in- 
tention, determination, 
insistence, project, jdLoIoC^ 
tasmymdt, or ^.\-J ia.stt- 


*\^,?im(lm, valve, pi. ol*\t-* 

Sif ( j.c^l ) sammid, to save 
or put by money, -i^ 
tasmyd, act of saving or 
putting by money. 

iif{is^.) sammag, to gum. 
i£f\ issCLmmag, or i^-aTl 
ifsamma^', to be gummed. 
ic^* musammag, gummed. 
ij*.-J tasmyg, act of gum- 
ming, isf samg,g\im arable. 

Jc*( Jc^. )samai (jusmul), to 
resist, bear, stand; Jc^. !.» 
ji-l Jc da jusmuValal harr, 
this stands the heat well. 
J«U sdmil, resisting, bear- 

^^ ( ^^^) ) sann [jisinn), to 
wait, stink; ^ aAc j-» sinn 
'ai^/i habba, give him a 
little time! 4i^.s'a^na,or j,U^ 
sindrij stench. 
JiU^ sanddqy, see Jjau. 
acLp ,jm<t'tt, and ^joU-» sandfy, 
see «i^ 



Oi-» . ^ik-»l ( ^J»^ ) istanat 
(J id in it ), to listen; *Acj:.Ja^ \ 
istinit^al^h glisten to him! 
^^ Ja* qata^sant, he held 
his tongue, oli^l istindt^ 
act of listening. 
Jji:-»sandaZ_, small boat, canoe, 
barge, i3Z. Jil:-» sanddil; 
JjliJ\ _<^ 6<3tsa6 essandal, 
j^jo^ sandiig,box,trunk,caissort J 
coffre-dam,/)i. joU-ssana- 
dt/g; jjJi:-» *•:;_,& 'arabyja 
sand^g, tumbrel; (jiJl JjJ^:-* 
sanddq ed den, public debt 
office; c^l\ Ji-i^-' sanddq el 
may jet, coffin; ^s^'l ^iJ^^ 
sandttq essahm, axle-box; 
jj ji:,. jjJi::-* sandAq hadyd, 
safe; JiU^ sanddqy, box or 
trunk maker, pi. ^JjU-* 
Mnadqyja • 
»;-» ( ^^i ) sana" (jisna^ ), or 
«d»-9l istana\ to make, ma- 
nufacture, ^^1 issanna\ or 
»;.A*I tisanna', to be affected 

in manner. ^U d-dni", or 
^«ili-» sandfy, workman, 
artisan, artificer, pl_ t\:^ 
sunnd", or A..»ALa sanaj'^yja. 
p-^:.A.masnd' , made, manufac- 
tured. 4j>i-» sana, or 4cL«» 
stnd'a, profession, art, trade, 
pi. «:-9 su/ia', or «jU-»san(ijr; 
4*i-» ^j b^^ sa/i'a, a well 
built house; >_,i.9- id:-? sind- 
^et el basO'b, woodwork; 
«jU.fll\v_.W^I ashdb es sandji\ 
artisans; 4*1-1; bi sana, or 
«lkl 4*:.Ai 6i san^et latdfa, 
gently; Oy^^i *iUJ\ i-jX. 
madraset es sandjV toil 
fin{ln, school of arts and 
trades, ^coZe des arts et 
metiers, juiu.^* masna'^yja, 
workmanship, .'..^r tasan- 
nu\ affectation, artifice. 
( ^_i:.Ai ) iiannif, to classify, 
compile, assort into kinds. 
^j>:^\ issannif , OT ^•.ux)\ it- 
sannif, assorted. L-i:-a« 
mwsanniY, classified, com- 
piled, assorted.uji-:^* tasn yf. 




classification, compilation, 
act of assorting, ul:^ sanf, 
kind, sort, pi. ^\:^\ asndf; 
a<f- ^ju^ sanf '^n, hard cash, 
ready money. 
^ { x^__ ) sannim, to be dull, 
m\iiQ. x^,musannim, dull, 
mute, ^u^* iasni/wi, dullness, 
muteness. ;-» sanam, idol, 
pi, Aia\ asndm. jJ^-l i^^ 
sanamet el gamal, hump of 
the camel. 

j^^sindbar, or j^j^ sinebar, 
fir, pine-tree, fruit of the 
pine-tree. »j^-^ sinebra^ 
native necklace, pi. Z^^j^^i^ 
A^sanyjaov sinyja, or a^I^ 
synyja,ira.y , salver , pi. j\y^ 

jfj.^ ijanjdr, ov j^-:- sanjtir' 
Mr., gentleman, .j^-;-* Mn- 
jdra, Mrs., lady, doll, pi, 
j^U-9 xanayj'ir, or olj^*;-^ 

*^^ sahba, men assembled to 
sing, company of haiy^ 

smokers, pi. oLf,^ sahbdt. 
jj^st/ir, see (^1-9 
^j^^ahryg^ cistern, tender 

(rail.), pi. i^.j\^ saharyg. 


to the cistern- 
t^^<^^ ( ^-aJ ) sahj in, to hold one's 

wl_>-»saM;(:tb, see ^\-9 
wl_^ suwdt, see Oj^ 
o\'y^ sauwdn , flint, granite, sgr. 

Aji^ sauwdna, pi. wU^ 

s_^^s<56, direction; j^\ ^j^ soft 
el bit, in the direction of the 
house, in the neighbourhood 
of the house. 

Cjy^{ z^y^i ) ^auwat, to shriek, 
shout (women). olj-» suwdt, 
or Oi^-9 suwyt, shrieks, 
shouts.»:^.'^.'?aruof/i, singer, 
pi, o^-» sauwyta . ^^^ .^(Sf, 
voice, vote, pl.Zj\j^\ a^wdt. 
jy^{ ji-A\ ) sawar, to deafen, 
annoy with shouts or cries. 
jy^ sauicar,\.o paint ,draw, 
sketch, photograph, j^il 




insawar, or jyai\ itsawar, 
to be deafened, annoyed. 
j}^\ issauwar^ or j'^-all 
itsauwar, to be painted^ 
drawn, sketched, photogra- 
deafened, annoyed, thought- 
less. j'yOA mussauwar, or 
j'y-^c* mitsauwar, painted, 
drawn,sketched, photogra- 
phed, j^-e sawr, act of 
deafening, annoying with 
shouts or cries. ji^'iasMJt/r, 
act of painting, drawing, 
sketching, photographing; 
^l^\ j.i^ i<^sioyr biz zit, 
oil painting; L\.l j^^^l tas- 
wyr bil mayja, water- 
colour painting, eji^-*)' tas- 
wyra, picture, painting, 
sketch,photograph,/)Z . j.^ j[^ 
tasawyr,ov Cj\xt-^ taswy- 
rdt.j*^^) tamw&r, imagi- 
nation, ajya s{ira, picture, 
painting, photograph, copy 
( of a letter, etc ; ) manner, 
face, pl.j^ i^uwar; Sjjya 

6\i\siirtak yjdk^ six of one 
and half a dozen of the other. 
blanc bonnet bonnet blanc; i 
*jl »j)^\ ^j«J |J»-ij rdgil 
jVraf es sAra ^, man of 
experience. Jlj^» musau- 
wardty, painter, photogra- 
plier, pi. ij\j)uumusauwa- 

^^ya»[^^, see iSy> 

"-»^ §Af, wool, woollen. 

Ci^yasufdn, tinder. 
^y^sdl, or ^^^'^^^jj> sdlkola- 
gdsy* warrant-officer, pi. . 
oVj-<» soldt, or *.«.U.VyJ^ 
f ^s(jm,see ^U 

*»»^-^ soma^a^ cell* 
dy^sdn, see o^ 
(S^^ ( ify^i ) sawa ( jiswy ), or 
j^^^ sawsaw, to squeak,coo. 
(S'y^ sauwa, to squeak or 
coo repeatedly. <^^ sawy, 

»ij^ sauwyt^ see o^ 
*\^ sijdh and sayjdh, see ^U 




iL-9 sayjdd, see jL. 

4frL^ ^ijdga, see i-L* 

A«9 .9J/(im, and ^j,-t-j> sijdmy, 
see *U 

Ai'L* sijdna, see ^U 

^-^ ( j:,^, ) sayj'at, to repute, 
cause to be renowned, ^i^-^l 
issayjat, or ^i^'l itmyjat, 
to be reputed^ renowned. 
^^* mmfiayjat, or ^1.^.4X4 
mitsayjat, reputed, renow- 

ned. ^i^.j. s?/^, reputation, 

ju-<» s^cJ, see iU> 
iiu^syga, see il^ 
t>*-9( Jl i!)^;) sf/n (hilAdel), 

China, ^..a syny^ Chinese, 

china, porcelain. 
\l.jasynyja, see 4.u-» 
Ci\ ^^ sywdn ,\Q.TgQ tent,pZ. jijl^ 

sawaioynflr^\i \ y^sywandt. 

[jP = d 

iiU ( iilji) ) dddid, to oppose, 
disagree. ji\j>l vldddid, to 
be opposed, disagree, aj J^ 
diddyja^ov » jl-i* mudddda^ 
or *>iLi* mM'./adj/^'a, opposi- 
tion, enmity, joZ. C.\iJi-i 
diddyjdt^ or oli\-i. mw- 
dadddt, or o^:>l-a« mwja- 
dyjdt. s^ (lidd, contrary, 
against; ^\ J.J> <Udd es 
simm, counterpoison; JLoll 

biddidd, in a contrary 
manner, vice-versa; \:^ ^ 
aJ jjjl; 'amalkeda biddidd 
fyh, he did this to spite him. 
frU { ^^i ) (Id' (J id y^ J, to be lost, 
missing. ». J> dayja\ to lose, 
spend, squander;. -u.lj l^«-.i 
dayja'u rdsoh, or cyi.^' 
flayja^ilh, ho was beheaded. 
m)lj> ddji\ lost, missing; 
>oU *iifi balitoh (idji\ ho is 




unlucky. A<i 4^jA'', or *-^> 
tadyjy\ act of losing, spen- 
ding, squandering. ?-^.-i» 
madj{t\ expense, pocket- 

oU ( i-i^ ) #/■ (jidyf), to add, 
entertain, give hospitality. 
^.J> rjayjif jto entertain, give 
hospitality. ^iJol inddf, to 
be added, entertained, given 
hospitality. vjUa munddf^ 
added, entertained, given 
hospitality. 4»Ul iddfa, 
addition, annexation, pi, 
^\>\j>\ idafdt. ij)\.:> dijdfa, 
entertainment, hospitality, 
pi, cX^^ dijafdt A'a-a. macL 
jafa, entertainment, hospi- 
tality, banqueting.hall. ^j, 
djf^ guest, pi. or> 'Jujiif; 
^^^\ 05I ddet ed (lujCif-^ 
drawing- room, saloon. 

jU ( j-Ju ) fidq (jidyq), to be 
narrow; jU ,j^^ mdroh 
ddQ; he lost patience,he was 
annoyed. ^.J> (fayjaq, to 
cause to be narrow;L'jJI ^5.J> | 

^ti (i dayjaq ed dinja fy 
wissohum, he made them 
despair; J^U-I ^i.*..^ dayjaqt 
abldqy^ you have annoyed 
me. jjUfMyi^', to oppress, 
embarrass, tease. ^y\J>\ 
idddjiq, to be oppressed, 
embarrassed, teased. j>\J>.> 
midddjiq, oppressed, em- 
barrassed, teased. ^J, dyq^ 
narrowness, poverty, dis- 
tress; jsJ\ ^}yi> dyq es sudr , 
or ^_y.ii\ A.iStabqet ennafas, 
asthma; jli-l jji. dyq el 
bulq, illiberality of disposi- 
tion, impetuosity. iX^dyqa, 
distress, poverty, misery, 
pi • ^U-J> (]yqdt.^J> d^^yjo-q, 
narrow, tight; j.^ ^h-\),ul- 
qoh dayjaq, he is impatient, 
impetuous. 4iiU. muddjqa, 
oppression ,embarras6ement, 
pi. C.Ul-i« mudajqdt. 

•^»\j, ddm in , see ^^C 

i.»\j, ddma * game of draughts ; 
4.,U «U» tiW- ddma, he crow_ 
ned (a pawn). 




ij\^rldny,orj\J> iJflahma (jdny , 

t?U((/Ui ) rjdha C J i'Jdhy )^ to 
compare. iS\j>\ kjddha^to be 
compared. J'U. mirjrjdhy, 
compared. ii^[Ji,murIahyjaj 

^^■^(Idji\see pU 

Cx^-^ ( ji\-ii ) ^!Ajin, to last^resist, 
stand. 4.:iU" mwjdjna ^resis. 
tance. c^-^J>(^!ajdn, strong, 
stout well made. 

w-i(._^. ) riabb ( judubb ), to 
seize, close,shut; *;l:i- J ^^ 
dabb fy hindqoh, lie caught 
him by the collar. ^.J-^/ab&ife, 
to test Cwater-melon by- 
cutting out a small piece ^. 
^-iil inr/abb, to be closed, 
shut. „..j.l vhlabbib, to be 
tested. s_.^'/66fe,closed, 
shut.,_^. mu'/abbib, tested, 
w-i 'Jabb, act of seizing, 
closing, shutting; »_^ dabb^ 
jaw; ^S>\ ^\jrdgilbi dabb, 
man with a projecting jaw • 
A.^ (labba, wooden lock, 

door-latch, pi. ^.^ dubah. 

^)^\ tadbyb, act of testing. 

i*.i> (la-^) ) dabat (jwjbut )^ see 

«-J» rfa6', hyena, jo^ fj.J>dubA\ 
or *c^.^ dubA'a- 
^BcJ> ( ;,tJis."^. ) dafyjah, see tkoa.^ 
iiij"^.^ ( jAs:?! ) dihik (jidhak), to 
laugh; julc^iU^ ^/j/ii/c 'aZ(^/i, 
or 4:»j Jc dL*? r/i^jA: 'ala 
daqnoh, he laughed at him, 
he fooled him,- he swindled 
him;iJlj disf'll'lana badhak 
wayjdk^ I am joking with 
you, it is only a joke, lii** 
dahhak, to cause to laugh. 
d\.p<:J)j tad hyk ^act of causing 
to laugh. yiXf^dihk, laugh- 
ter, joke. 4K5c^rfiA/ca,laugh, 

pi. Cj^aJp dihkdt. S^y^JiM 

madhaka, laughing-stock. 
ciJlst^ mudhik, ridiculous, 
funny, comic. t^l5^-i. mu_ 
dahhakdty, buffoon, pi, 
aj1^»:.Jw mwjahhakaiyja. 
jt-i ■j^'^^ (t^-^. ) i'l'Jahha, to be 
late in tlic morning; ^j^\ lil 




*^J\ J ana iddahhit fy en 
ndm, I got up late this 
morning. Uf da/ia, morning 
after sunrise, forenoon; 
J\iJ\ \p^\ ed daha el 'dly^ 
morning between 8 and 10 
o'clock.j?'VI x/ydeladha, 
sheep for sacrifice, j-lp 
dawdhy, suburbs. 

s^ didd, see ii\J> 

jj>[ j-ij ) darr ( judurr ;, to 
injure, hurt, do harm. ^.^1 
inclarr, to be injured, hurt. 
jj^\ icldarrar, or jy^ 
tadarrar, to complain. yc» 
mundarr^ injured, hurt. 
jj-^ muddarrar, one who 
is complaining • jj^ darar, 
or .j.i. madarra^ injury, 
harm, damage, pi. j\jJ>\ 
adrdr, or ^\yu madarrdt; 
jj.^\j JJ»J\eZ hitl widdarar^ 
damage and interest, dom- 
mages et inUrits. jjJJ 
tadarrur, complaint. j^» 
mudirr, injurious, harmful. 

j.jJ' daryr, blind, tjij-^ 
durdra, necessity; «j5j-iU 
^1^1 lid durO,ra ahkdm, 
necessity knows no law, 
circumstances alter cases. 
(Sjsj^ durAry, necessary, 
requisite, ur gent.. y-i durra, 
fellow-wife of the same 
husband, pi. j,\jJ> dardjir. 
■>j^ ( vj^i ) darab (jidrab ), to 
beat.strike; j;-^. v_<^ darab 
muzyka^ he played music; 
ajIw ^j^ darab halaqyja, 
he surrounded ( person, 
house, etc.); •j.^i.* vj^ 
(iarab maswara^ he consul- 
ted, he held a council; ^^ 
ZtS< darab mahdat,or ^j^ 
J. darab buqq, he chatted; 
It wj-^ darab tulum, he 
chatted, he talked nonsense; 
<u.j2'vjy-i darab mhubbyja^ 
he made friendship; .^jJ- 
v_<^i. darab fixb, he manu- 
factured bricks; aJ^ w.^.^^ 
darab '?<mZa,he struck coin. 
v_.^ darrab, to multiply. 



mix. ^j-iil indarab^ to be 
beaten, struck. ^j\J>\id(ld- 
rib,to fight, ^jjj,, madHb, 
beaten, struck, w^^ darb, 
act of beating, striking; ^b 
vj-i^^ citir eddarb, or -uUij^i 
darbaddna, mint ; J^o^ 
wj-il\ gadwal ed darb, 
multiplication table, a,^ 
f^ctr^a, stroke, blow, pi. 
C.\^^ darbdt. J.j ^ly 
darrdb ramZ,fortune-teIIer 
(by means of sand). ^^^ 
tadryb, multiplication.4^,jJu 
tadryba, multiplication 
problem,/3;.^_jUr tadaryb, 
or C^lij^* tadrybdt. o^ 
rfar^6a, tax, /)Z. ^j^^ 
dardjib. ^.jU. muddrba, 
fight, pi. ^IjU. mudarbdt. 
^jk» madrab, a thing to 
strike with, bat for playing 
ball, /)i. ^j\.iu maddrib. 
o^« mukirrabyja, coat 
padded with cotton, pi. 
wL J.A, m i'larrabyjdt. 
jj^ (larar, see ^^ 

u--^ ( lTj-^. ) darras, to set the 
teeth on edge, to grate on 
the ears. ^^^ tadrys, act 
of setting the teeth on edge. 
^j.j^dirs, molar tooth, pi. 
^\jj>\ (Ulrds; Ji^\^j.j^dirs 
el 'aql^ wisdom tooth j .ji-l 
^J.J^\ ^_ a^adoh bi qaV 
ed dirs, he took it with 
much difficulty. 
'j^durra, and .j^^ durdra, 
and (Sjjj^ durdry^ and 
XjJ":laryr,see jJ, 
V.-r^ daryba^ see w*^ 
Cf^ ( ^f*^. ) C^aVto', or ^^Jl,^ 
dahckth, to weaken, break 
down. ^-i.j,| iMa'da\ or 
Q-i^tJ-l i(l(lah(lah, to be 
weakened, broken down, 
^-i.^ muda\la\ or ^^ 
mudaMah^ weakened, bro- 
ken down. iuJuj, da\la'a, or 
•^-="^ 'fak^aha, weakness, 
^^ ( ^J^^ ) r/riY iJid'af), to be 
weak, feeble. , i..n-..,.l hiad- 
'af, to be weak, feeble. 



consider weak or feeble. 
<-i»-i dufj weakness. 4i«^ 
ija'^fa, illness, sickness, pi. 
c\i.^ daydt. ,_i-«J> <la''yf, or 
cj^-^da^fdn, weak, feeble, 
pi. i_iL^ dudf, or (jjiliiJ* 
da'^fanyn . 
f^^dufda", frogs, sg. *cJdJ> 
dufda'a,pl. ?-jli-i dafddV. 
>-•( ji-ij ) rfa/'ar {judfur ), or 
daffar, to braid, plait, yj.1 
iddaffar, to be braided, 



braided, plaited. jUJj tod- 
/'f/r,act of braiding, plaiting. 
.jUJ» difyra, tress of hair, 
pZ. j\i.j> dafdjir. 

Jiidufr, hnger nail, claw, pi. 
Ji\^j> (lawdfir; ^I^-jU ^ 
iiji^ huwamajiswds duf- 
rak, he is not worthy of 
tying your shoe-strings, 
.jii^ difyra, see ^i^ 

JJ»fZiZZ, see JLi 

Aj>{Aji))dala'' (jidW), to be 
unjust against. ^\indala\ 
to be unjustly treated. ^jliJi. 

madld\ unjustly treated. 
^ dal\ rib, jaZ. 9-Ju> duW. 
JU (JUj ) dallil, to shade, over, 
shadow. JUI idduUil, to be 
shaded, overshadowed. JUu 
mudallil, shaded, over- 
shadowed. JJ> dill^ shade. 
Li(Uj )ftoZZim, to darken; I* 
Jc JLi-ii ma ticlallims 
'alayja, do not shut out the 
light from me\ U>\icklallim, 
to be darkened. UumacZaZZim, 
darkened, dark. *.ij> dalma, 
darkness,obscurity.ol'«Uil\ j^ 
bahr ez ^^aZamtii, the Atlan- 
tic ocean. 
*Ai> dulma* stuffed vegetables. 
J. (|fiii)cZamm,tocollect,gather, 
add. ^1 indamm, to be 
collected, gathered, added; 
^ifr ^A inrlamm '^alShum, 
he joined them. ^fC^ marl- 
mAm, collected, gathered, 
added- ^ f /a mm, collection, 
addition, act of gathering; 
^\ ^J zaman ed damm, 
harvest time. *c* damma, 




gathering ,meeting,company, 
harvest, comma, pi. ol^-J 
(jamrndt, a*..c^ damyma, 
increase of pay, allowance, 
pi. Acidamdjim. 
ii}\-^ (Jamdn, see jc^ 
je^iji^.) (famar (jwlmar ), to 
be slender or lean, wither, 
shrink, determine secretly; 
*.\c jii^ damar ^alih, he 
cheated him, he duped him. 
jC^ I in^/amar, to become slen. 
der or lean, wither, shrink, 
be determined secretly. jCf 
damr^ leanness, act of 
withering, shrinking, secret 
determination, cheating, 
swindling. Xj> dammdr, 
swindler, cheat, pi. jij\^ 
dammaryn. j-u-^ damyr, 
conscience, mind, pi. y\c}> 
damdjir . 
rt^io"^^- ' daman or (limin 
(Jul man >), to go bail, gua- 
rantee, insure, jc^ (lam- 
min, to accept bail , offer 
bail, cause to guarantee,, 

^^1.^1 indaman, to be gua- 
ranteed .jcf^ tadamman, to 
include, contain- j.U» 
ddmin, on who goes bail, 
one who guarantees, pi. o\ei 
dummdn; *j>cj.lJ. dd- 
min gdrim, a responsible 
bail, oi'^' madmdn, gua- 
ranteed, insured, sense, 
object, ^c^ tadmyn^ act of 
bailing out, letting out on 
bail. i:\J> damdna, bail, 
security, guarantee, insur_ 
ance, pi. zMc^ damandt ; 
lo i^\iJ> damdnoh "ahxyja, 
I go bail for him, I guaran- 
tee him. ^-i^ dimn, among, 
between; r:c^r//mnan, tacitly. 

A.:^r/amma, and k*.,;^damyma, 

see <i 
j^ damyr, see j^ 

V^dana, offspring. 

j^^dahr , back; jt-'J^LrJ-^'u***' 
4i» hi fid ed dars 'ala dahr 
qalboh, he learnt the lesson 
by heart ; .jil j^^^ jj- \. y» 
huwa ma kimm ii 'ala dahr 





ydoh^ he could not foretell 
the future; j^ j.^\» ^ htiwa 
ma Ids dahr^he is not back- 
ed up; U_^^ ^jie (/ hyja 
^aliha dahraha, she has 
the menses ; v-.0' jt^ 
dahr el markib, deck of a 
ship;j».MJ\ j^^dahr el 'aqd, 
extrados^ exterior curve of 
an arch- 
j^J>duhr ,noon. i^j^duhryja, 
or Ai_^ifrU s(X''et duhryja, 

midday time • 
iSy^{ (S y^, ) dawa (jidwy) or 

dauwa^ to light- i. daw, or 
wi f/o/, light • ,^'y^ dauwy, 

office messenger, pi. *j^i» 

f-\^dijd\ see p-U 
«Uj> dijdfa, see ^U 
jjU, dajdn, see j._\J» 
t_i»^ rf^/', see ti^ 
jjj. dyq and dayjaq^ see jU 

jp = ( 

y,\l» (v^k) 0& (jityb),to recover 
health, be ripe.wJJ» tayjib, 
tocure. wJ»l ittayjib, to be 
perfumed, remove hair 
(which is removed with a 
depilatory). ^,^^-1 istatjib, 
to consider good, like. v_*.i. 
tyb, perfume, a..!, tyba^good. 
ness. wJ» tC'yJib, good, well, 
pi, j;^ tayjibyn; «- JT 

^X^\jkullsanct we enta 
tayjib, happy new year! 
many happy returns of the 
day! ,_^ U ^» huwa lissa 
tayjib, he is still in the land 
of the living; ^A> ^_J zit 
tayjib, olive oil; ^o ^i I. 
C<UJ» ma /'f/s b^nhum 
tayjibdt^ they are on 
bad terms; lJi J<».|j Ij 




.^ dardgil keda tayjib, 
this man is a rascal ; (^..J» 
tayjibyn, how do you do? 
^.k. mutayjib, attendant of 
a native singer ( man goes 
round among the audience 
to communicate to the 
singer the names of the 
songs they wish him to sing"), 
pi. Cj^..\x» mutayjibyn. ^UU 
tijdb, north wind. 

wU. tdb, game played with four 
pieces of sticks. 

J.U. tdbiq, see jJ. 

ij\)»tdhba* cork, stopper, ph 

jj,\i»tabC,r* parade, line ( mil. )_, 

pl. Jt>}y^ tawabyr. 
*i yi\l> tab{jLna * bakery, pl. a^\\^ 
tawabyn^ov o\)y.U.(tt6«n(Ji. 
J^iU. tabAny, appertaining 
to the bakery. 

olt tdbja* fort, fortress, pl. 
i^} yUawdby ,0V zXA\> fabjdt. 
j>-\^tdgin, saucepan, pl. ^y^'A 

JJ.(^.) tdh (jityh), to strike 

repeatedly; Ll^l «..» ^ll» tdh 
fyh biVasdJa, he gave him 
a hiding with the stick, he 
went on thrashing him with 
the stick, ^y^ tauwah, to 
fling away, ^^tl ittauwah, 
to be flung away, totter, 
swagger. ^(^^, act of strik- 
ing repeatedly. Af\^tatwyh^ 
act of flinging away, totter- 
ing, swagger. 
Aiy\i»tah{lna, see^^ 

j\i'{ tdr (J ityr), to fly, jj, 
(o/ar, to cause to be thought, 
less. jJ» tayjar, to cause to 
fly; ij<i-jj^ tayjar qirsen, 
he embezzled two piastres, 
he pilfered two piastres ; jU. 
I., tayjar mayja, he 
urined. J5.kil intajar, to 
be thoughtless. ^X\ tat- 
yjyr, act of causing to 
fly. j,\U tdjir, flying. ^Ij^t 
tajardn, flight, j^l. ((?r, 
birds, flies, sg. »j^l t/'ra, pl. 
.L>\^terdt;jfS tujAr, birds. 
j\S l.ayjdr^ current, stream. 

*.« jU» 



,jtji>tayjdra,ch[\d's kite, pi. 
C. I J ti' (a f/ya rd !! . . jLi tajd ra , 
thoughtlessness. ^i»( at Jar, 
or j^.k«ma(yrtr, thoughtless, 
frivolous, silly, pi. y.jf.^- 
matjuryn. iSjStayJdry^noi 
stable, not permanent. J IjlJi. 
mutayjardty^ embezzler, 
pi. l{>\j\k,mutayjaratyja. 

x»jW> tdrma, cabin at the stern of 
a ship,pZ. siUj^^ tarmdt. 
»jU.^(lra, wheel, hoop^ paddle, 
pulley, pi. ^>j^i^ tardt;.^\M, 
»j\L muqddf tdra, float of a 
paddle wheel. 

4-ll>(dsa, metal bowl, helmet, 
vase, pi. i.Hl'(asdi. 

^-U,(^.IL, ) tdsa (Jitdsy), to 
cheat, dupe.*--Vl2.<mwiast/ya, 
act of cheating, duping. 

J:U,( J,.k l^dsfyf^j/ be silly, 
frivolous, light-headed.j:il], 
tdjis^or j.}-^> matjds, silly, 
frivolous, light-headed, pi. 
(j<±Ai. tajsyn, or cc^i^.k. 
matjusyn. *il.k tajdsci, 
silliness, frivolity, foolish- 

ness. A-i^k fdsa, or 4.ik (assa, 
noise, row, pi. cXi-^tosdt, 
or o llk/assd^ 
\klk ( J,Vk! ) (d(a (Jifdty), to 
lower the head, bend down. 
^Ik. miitdfy, one who is 
bending down. <-klk. mtita- 
tyj<^, 3ct of lowering the 
head, bending down- 
^( ^^i)td' (jity'), or ^jlL 
tdwi\ to obey. ?■ '^k (ttM Mja' 
or «.k tayja\ to cause to 
obey, subjugate, f-lkll mf(t', 
to obey, be obeyed. e.'^i 
ittauwa", to volunteer. ^^Vi 
?dyr, obedient, p/.. e(j«)Ui 
tafyn. s>^k /o', or ^tlk (d'ftj 
or *c}lk' miitdto^a, obe- 
dience; 0,.'$^ ,kljjl,^^eiioatoc 
da ((3' aftii/i, this boy obeys 
his father. c.,Lumu tauwa\ 
volunteer, pi. j^f•^k:. mat- 
0^U» ta^An, see ^^j-k 
^_clk (ct^?/, see ^ik 
oik UfkiHdffjufdf), or^k /a/7, 
to roam, patrol, go round. 





^'ji>tauio if, to cause to roam, 
patrol, go round. ^,1 tdf, 
patrol, night police. ^I^i» 
(afucd/", watchman, a patrol, 
pi. <>lji. tauwdfa.ii'^jly A.k-.^ 
&ox(G tauwdfa, Rural Post. 
4.iA]5 ((ty /"a, sect, corporation, 
p^.-i.l^i. tawdjif; <iiy\ ^^ 
s^/; t'( (djfa, head of tlie cor- 
poration . 4.;1» toy^a, crowd, 
/5Z. cXi^^t.affdt. :,l'_^l. ?o/'(i/i 
or (awccfdn, deluge. 
J^^ (j;ki ) frfg r J «■?«/(? ), to bear, 
suffer. jlJaii intdq, to be 
borne, suffered; Jj\i^~i l*Jr'j 
rdgilmajin.1dq%(\r\ unbear. 
able man. iiW, tdqa, power, 
cndurnnce,time, roll of cloth, 
pi. Oljlt taqdt;^^^\l j fy 
tdqty, in my power; ^(^ r-jU 
iiU. hdrig ^an (dqty, be- 
yond my power ; JjIj\1> ^\j\ 
arba' laqdt, four folds ; ^^c 
Cj<''>\ j)\\^Haman ct fdq itnin, 
double price; 1^- (jj»lLl\ ^.*: 
y«5'(/6 e/ taq^n sawa, to make 
Ijoth ends meet ; <y\l (dqa 

window, pi. ^\i[l taqdt, or 
J^ll tyqdn; jji-Ul iili. /(tgei 
elmanaJjyr , nostril. 

iM, (ccqyja, skull cap, lining of 
a fez, pi: J'^i tawdqy. 

Jli. ( J^W) WdZ ' J ut/il), to belong, 
extend, reach, obtain; iSi 
1^5-^ J^ki4!l.« fZy masdla 
jutCilsarhaha, this is a long 
affair;*:. w,l», idk U IJ^issa 
ma taltis fultisy minnoh, I 
have not yet recovered my 
money from him. J' fUau toil ^ 
to lengthen, prolong, cause 
to reach, grant; V^ J^^r V 
juia] la titauwil wala tiqas- 
sar, do not say too much! 
cut your story short! V^l 
diiU J^kr ^t'a tUauwil 
lisdnak^ do not be abusive 
d.l!\; J^ (auicil bdlak^ 
or J,k JJL»-^j tauioil 
r(5Aa/f, have iiatiencc! keep 
your temper! J^kl ittau- 
wil, to be extended, prolon- 
ged. ^})\l\ittdwll,\o be rude, 
insult; (.^(SCil/^J ,11.1 ittdwil 




"alayja bilkaldm, he ab- 
used me. J\kil intdl^ to be 
reached. J^la.:-> istatwil, to 
consider long. Ji ^kT tatwyl, 
extension, prolongation, act 
of causing to reach, grant- 
ing. aIjUi. mutdwla, or J^lkr 
tatdul, rudeness, insult. 
J^L ^iiZ, length, heightjj^kll. 
6i/ tCil, lengthwise; JJI J^ 
(^ii eZ Ul, all the night; J^J» 
l;*^;lU(^Zma ento henCt^ 
so long as you are here; J»-l j 
4!^.ki rdgil bitixloh, only one 
man; ilS^l. J iMaria /'f/ (!:itoA;, 
or liUjP J l;lana /t/ ^ardak, 
I throw myself on your 
generosity; J^k U J.J ims?/ 
'ato^iiZ, or Jl^ JL>I im«(/ 
tauwdly, walk straight! 
J15L ^^ sikka tauwdly, 
straight road; It »_,l:'si\ j_j,j 
*c^ji J^ ramacl kitdb "ala 
till dird^oh, he flung the 
book away; ^jij.U; J_jkll fcif 
t{il bil ^ard, in any way, any 
how; ^^ ^M J J wiqi" min 

tAloh, he turned head over 

heels; JU\ J^k tul el MZ, or 
JU\ :y^l.(t'<ZeZeZMZ,patience. 
^^jltawyl, long, tall, high, 
pi. Jl^t t?<t«<iZ; J) VI J.> 
tawylel yd, thief, one who 
strikes at the least provoca- 
tion; ^[Ji\ J.^L tawyl el 
lisdn, abusive, insolent; 
JU\ J.^ tawyl el bdl, or 
^)J\ J)^ tawyl er roh, 
patient,good-natured, long- 
suffering. J^ tAly, longi- 
tudinal; J^U jt. mitr tidy, 
meter run. 4!!^ tuwdla, 
manger, stable, pZ. oV'^k 

Jll fdZift, see JJ, 
Jlk ((tZi', see JJ» 

4}\l^tdwla* table, stable, pZ. 

wVjlk tawldt ; ^M^\ ^J 

Zi'6e( tdwla, backgammon. 

^i)\lta{is, peacock, pZ ^.^'^k 

^)lk (<tyis, see J:\k 
<jU,(<Ayi', see c-lk 
4.4. \k tdjfa, see o^l* 



^l [^^l)tabb(jutubb), to drop, 
fall down; ^a. ^laj .^. 
buhrajutubbma^r^ he will 
reach Cairo tomorrow; y_J» 
A^ifr \c tabb ^ala gafla, or U 
J»U. ^ Ic gfa 'ato tubbin 
gdfil, he came suddenly; 
^ ^5 gai&t/ (a66, my heart 
sank in me ; *>'5CJ\ J ^ ^» 
/i«M)a tabb fil kaldm^he con- 
fessed. .^X tabtab, to 
caress, pat; Jc v-JiJ' yi>huwa 
tabtab 'alayja, he caressed 
me.^J>(a66i&, to cause to 
drop or fall down, treat me- 
dically. .^1 ittabbib, to be 
treated medically. a.I tabba, 
a drop, a fall, pi. oUt (ft&- 
bdt.^k-l tabtaba, caress. 
^_^.U tatbyb, act of treating 
medically. f.ibtdb, 
Soudanese beer ; Jc 4J U 
wUaJJ^ ga loh 'alal tibtdb, 
it suited him marvellously, it 
is just the thing he wants. 
^ tibb, medical science ; 
wJJ\ 4->Xi madraset ettibb, 

the school of medecine. ^iS 
tabyb, physician, pi. Cl»l 
atibba.^Jp tibby, medical. 

^ tabbdk, see -^ 
j^iX^a tabasyr ^ chalk. t^iU* taba- 
syra, piece of chalk, pi. 
Oljj-iU» tabasyrdt. 

?■ Vji> tabbd\ see i»J:. 

jti.(a6Mi, see JJ. 

u^l» tabdn, top of wall. 

^J. (ii'^.) (a&tt/^ (jutbufi),io cook. 
^1 intabah,, to be cooked. 
?^^Ji» matb{ih, cooked. ^ 
(afe^, cookery. *ii^ tabha, 
cooked food,/)Z. olir' tabbdt; 

bah et tabfia^ it is he who 
laid the plan, ^l t/ibyf}, 
Cooked food, culinary art, 
cuisine; ^Jf J^-lj rdgil 
tabyh, cuckold. ^\A> tabbdfj, 
cook, pi. (jji-U> tabbahyn. 
^* matbah, kitchen, pl.'4\k* 
jLl»(JLjU))(a66«s, to play with 
water, splash water. JLuJ»^ 
tatbyb, act of playing with 




water, splashing water. 
jWaJtttihtdh, see _i= 
*.l'(».ki)^a&a' (Juba')^ to print. 
*.i. tabba\ to cause to be 
accustomed, habituate. ».k>l 
intaba\ to be printed. *.J»I 
ittabba'^, to be accustomed, 
habituated, f^.!*. matb&\ 
printed ;^.k. matbadt, 
printed matte republications; 
olc^jkU li qalam el matbu- 
'dt^ Press Bureau. ».k. 
mi^iab&a% accustomed, ha- 
bituated. «;!» (a&', act or art 
of printing; >.J» (a6% dispo- 
sition, character, nature, pi. 
s-ULl atbd\ \^S taby^a, 
nature, disposition, pi, .Ajk 
tabdji''-, ..yi bUtab\ orUJ, 
tdb'an,ov A.;.yii &i^ iaby^a, 
naturally; J^A* iz%..l tabtf- 
toh mdska, heis constipated. 
^..J^ faby^y, natural. *.».k. 
malba^a, printing-office, pi. 
»Ak. matdbi\ pf.i» tabbd\ 
or^^«.k. nia(6a'^f/, printer, 
pi. ,;3jfi\S> tabba'yn, or 

4.,?=.ii»k. matba'^gyja • &JJ 
tatabbu\ acquired habit. 
jJ» i j:ki) (atog' ljitbaq),to take 
hold of, fold, shut; 4._i j.i» 
(a&ag /'{//I, he got hold of 
him, he collared him. j..k 
tabbaq, to fold, demolish, 
apply, shoe a horse. j.kil 
intabaq, lo be taken hold of, 
folded, shut, applied, j.i^l 
i'Xabbaq, to be folded, de- 
molished, shod. j^^biJfg', 
folded, shut, j^^k.^^^^ii nafa- 
sy matbuq, I breathe heavi- 
ly, I am depressed. j.k. 
mitabbaq, folded, demolish- 
ed, shut ; j_.k. jlAi- Jiuddr 
mitabbaq, chopped vegeta- 
bles cooked with meat. j-*k)" 
tatbyq, act of folding, 
shutting, demolishing, ap- 
plying. tat byqa, horse. 
slioe, pi. jjVk) tatabyq. ^^ 
tabq,^QX of folding,shutting. 
jj!» / i&^, conformity,exact_ 

ly, completely ; 

.t Al 

zayjoh tibq, exactly like 




him; >VI jJ, tibq el ml, 
true copy (of a document ). 
4.JJ, tahaqa, story, floor, pi, 
oUJ. tabaqdt. ^Al tdbiq, 
valve, lid, crowd around a 
performer, j^k. mutbaq, 
^^^^ > 3^ 4i«> ^a/Za mutbaq, 
a stupid piece of ignor- 
ance . jj, (a6ag, plate, 

loisso^ zaj tabaq el ward, 
he has rosy cheeks. 
JJ, ( SM ) tabbil, to play the 
kettle-drum; jj, (a&Z, act 
of playing the kettle-drum ; 
tabln, pl_ o!A,i. tabldt, or 
^y^tubdl. jCj, (a6Mi, one 
who plays the kettle-drum, 
pl. a!U tabbdla, or ^jJU 

U.1. tablyja, pedlar's board, 
low table, pl ^\Stabdly, 

ii.-^ tabanga* pistol, pZ. ^^J* 

^iJ* tabyb, see ^J, 
^1. tabyU, see ^J. 

in. J. faby%, see <ij. 
f-*!^ ^ r.-^^- ) t.agram, or ^J, 
tag gin, to speak in a vulgar 
manner, speak coarsely. 
**j=r^ tagrama^ or t:jji«J 
^afS'y^, act of speaking in 
a vulgar manner, speaking 
^\^tuMl, spleen, pi oVUJ» 

^\^ tahhdn, see j=tL 
J*^(i^/!Z, dregs of coffee. 
u^io^- ) ^«^an (jithan), to 
grind, reduce to powder. 
a*^' intahan, to be ground, 
reduced to powder. o>»^ 
mathdn, ground, reduced 
to powder. ^=J. tahn, act 
of grinding, reducing to 
powder, oj'.i, /i/iy;j^ flouj. 
^^^tihyna^ dregs of se- 
same oil; ^:^i.>l J^., y, 
/iwfoa yi'mfZ eZfea/ir tihy- 
na, all his geese are swans. 
ij^'^^tihyny^ (ihyna colour, 
coffee colour. Aiy-U.m/i«Jna, 




\y> tahvLnet hawa, wind- 
mill. 4.3^' mathana, hand- 
mill, pi. ^^»-lk. matdhin. 
ij'^l tahhdn, miller, pi. 
tJtjiUI. tahhanyn. 
■^ ( ^- ) taUi (jutubb ), to 
beat, strike ; A.4U \ic\= rahfioh 
'alqa,he gave him a hiding; 
j\yiA '^ talil} misLodr, he 
walked a long way. 

^jX\JLtarablus, Tripoli, silk sash 
of Syrian make. 

»j;^\^tarabSza* see »>.!_; 

Aa,\'J,turrdha, see?-jJ» 
.sl'l, tarrdd, see :>jl 
jVJ^tarrdr, pickpocket, thief, 
pi. t>j\'}> tarrdra, 

j,\Jhturdk^ see j.j\> 
,i\J» tardwa, see isj:> 
vjji. ( ^jkj ) tarab (Jitrib ), to 
cause to be delighted,charm 
with music or singing. wjJ»U 
intarab, to be delighted, 
charmed, w^^k. matrub, 
delighted, charmed. ^ji> 
tarab, delight, charm ; c^_ I 
v-iji. bSt tarab, a beautiful I 

J. j3» (jjjki ) tarbaq, to demolish. 
jjjL.1 ittarbaq, to be de- 
molished, jijia.. mutarbaq^ 
demolished. a.Ij^ tarbaqa, 
act of demolishing . 
^)>._^tarb^s, fez, red cap, pi. 
iji.v)|_yl= tarabys. ^^.^J' ta- 
rab ysy, seller of red caps, 
tarbCs colour. 
r)' ( r,k ) (ai^ft/i (jii.rah), to 
throw away, bear fruit, 
subtract. ^-'Jh tarrah, to 
cover the head with a veil. 
^jJail intarah^ to be thrown 
away, subtracted. c^'J'S 
ittarrahet, to cover one's 
head. ^}Ja.,matr&h,thro'wn 
a way^subtr acted. »■ j\i>^<i r ih, 
bearing fruit ( tree), rij^* 
mat r(ih, thrown away, sub- 
tracted. A». JL, mittarraha, 
veiled (woman). ^J^ tjirh, 
act of throwing away, bear- 
ing fruit, subtraction;»-jl»^jl 
j4 ard tarh bahr, land from 
which the sea or river has 




receded. ia-J> tar ha ^ wo- 
man's veil, pl.rji' turah 
^jL>matrah, place, pl.rj^^* 
matdrih- r-}j: U ^Jx. r'j 
r{t,h matrahma tirdh, go 
where you please ! go to 
the devil ! 40-jk. matraha, 
baker's wooden shovel, pi. 
^jltt. matdrih, io-\Jhturrd^ 
ha, mattress, pi. oUl^l* 
turrahdt^ or^, jljl^ tararyh, 
AsijUl J;i sugl bit taryha, 
task work. 

:>J' ( ^jki ) tarad ( jutrud ), to 
dismiss, discharge, expel, 
jjkjl intarad, to be dismis- 
sed, discharged, expelled, 
:>)jk, matrdd, dismissed, 
discharged, expelled. ^Jh 
{ard, dismissal, discharge, 
expulsion. .^J, tarda, a 
dismissal, pi, c>\^J= tarddt. 
:>\'Jb tarrdd, Nile embank- 
ment, longitudinal embank- 
ment, pi. sij\J= tararyd. 

iJLtard, parcel, package, pi. 
iiJ>t.urAd; *:-y .jji tard 

bdsta , parcel post;cijlJy j^t 
tard faransdwy, goods 
sent 0. grande vitesse, 
goods sent by passenger 

J j^ ( JMy.O'^^O'^, to embroider. 
jj:>\ ittarraz, to be embroi- 
dered, j^k. mtifarra^, em- 
broidered. y_J3^ tatry^, act 
of embroidering, j^k. mu- 
tarraz^one who embroiders, 
P^. J^jj^' rnutarrasyn 
Jj^((xr^, form, shape, type, pi. 

J'}' ( jr)=-\ ) \irih (jitras), to be 
deaf. j.jl, taras, deafness. 
J,>la^ras, deaf, /'em. U^i. 
tarsa, pi- j,^turs. 

u'J'i J'M )taras ( jutrus), to 
vomit, throw one on his face. 
Jijiiil m(ara^',tobe thrown 
on one's face. j,ijix» matrM, 
lying flat with the face 
downwards. J.J' /ar^-, act 
of vomiting,throwing one on 
his face.^ljl» tard^, vomi- 
ted matter. ^jk. mutarras. 





^_p jJ. ( ji jis-i ) tarsaq,io burst, be 
enraged . jijk* mutarsaq, 
burst, enraged. i,i^J>tarsa- 
qa, act of bursting, rage. 

<3-iji» (ars{/,pickles.|_j*r_,i.^a/'sag'{/, 
picliles-seller, pi' <^ }= 

jtjt ( jjp jk) ) tartar, to urine. 
_,i._,i>l ittartar, to sit on a 
height, ji'jia* mutartar^ 
sitting on a height. tJ'J' 
tartara, act of urining^ 
sitting on a height. 

JLi»jt ( J^i»jia> ) tartas, to splash. 
i.Ll,Ja tartasa, act of 
splashing. JL.J»lji' taratys, 
splashes ; (.^(S' jL-i^ljt (a- 
raiys kaldm, snatches of 
a conversation. 

ji» jt ( ji. Jai ) tartaq, to prick 
the ears. jtjk. mufartaq^ 
pricked, ^iljl tartaqa, act 
of pricking- Jjtjl' tartdq^ 
fop, upstart, joL jJ'Iji' 

_i^\>^tart_{ir, high pointed cap, 

conical cap, pi. ^tl^ 
taratyr; j,i»_^ U* j*\» »:,;I 
enta qd'id henatartix/\are 
you here only for show? 

*^i^:^ iart{ifa, end, extremity, 
point, crest, pi, ,^S^J> 
taratyf; ^.i,l_,i> Jo ^^iU 
A»)l^-» mdsy "ala taratyf 
sawdb^oh, he is walking on 

J)^j^ tart&q, seejJ^ji' 

cj>{ e.Jxi) tar'am, to fill to 
overflow, c-^i.1 ittar'am, to 
be filled, c^k. mutar'am, 
full. */" .k tar'ama, act of 
filling to overflow. 
^jl ( ^jkj ) ^ara/ ( jutruf ), to 
hurt the eye. ^'Jh tarraf, 
to cause to go to the end or 
beyond the limit, o^i^l 
intaraf, to be hurt. ^jU 
ittarraf^ to go to the end, 
go beyond the limit. <Ji)i^ 
matruf, hurt. ^Ji, to^^f, 
act of hurting the eye. o^U 
tatarruf, act of going 'to 
the end, going beyond the 




limit. oji» tA^f, end, extre- 
mity, pi. cJiji»l atrdf, or 

tarfet ''in, in the twinkle of 
an eye. ^jt taraf, end, 
extremity, with; ojl.^^* mm 
taraf, in the name of, de to 

min taraf abdh, he came in 
his father's name; ll» ^* 
vjjy\ minhdza et taraf, 
from this place, locality or 
ofRce-.^J' Ac. 'ala taraf, at 
the expense of; ^_,k) 6i 
taraf , with, at, c/ie;r; JU- ^» 
^jUl/iMMja M/j/ e( taraf J 
he has no government 
property in his charge. 
Jlijt tarfdny, the one at 
the end. .-Jiiji* (ciryf, un- 
clean (to the jews ), extra- 
neum quid. ^JL^ mutrif^ 
man who has a developed 
sexual organ • 
Jj^ ijj^>)taraq {jutruq), to 
knock ; *il^c iij* taraqoh 
'asdja, he dealt him a blow 

with a stick; jl ji-l J J' U ^i 

Mnhum ma taraq el had- 

ddd, tiiey are at daggers 

drawn, j'^i. tarraq, to 

dismiss, to hard-hammer 

metals. Jj^\ intaraq, to be 

knocked. J jtl ittarraq, to 

be dismissed, hard-ham- 

mered; U» j* Jjil ittarraq 

m in hena, leave this place! 
begone! Jo'"* matrtxq, 
j)_,k. ji)je>- hadyd matrdq, 
wrought iron; JijL> ^j\J:- 
sdri" matrixq, frequented 
road. JjIj tarq, act of knock, 
ing, hard-hammering me- 
tals- AJj], (ar^a, blow, once, 
/^Z.olijl' tarqdt, iij, turqa, 
passage, corridor, pi, z>\ij^ 
tiirqdt. J, J, taryq^ road, 
way, pi. Jjt turuq; J^'jd U 
42_.j]j ma a'^rafs taryqoh, I 
do not know where he is ; 
A.^J\ j)^ taryq es saldma, 
good bye! pleasant journey! 
Aijl. taryqa, manner. 




means, system, measure, 
religious sect, pi. ^\)> 
tardjiq,ov jj^turuq; ^Ijl 
jjU\ arbdb et turuq, 
followers of Mohamedan 
religious sects ; aS-iJ, dil ^i 
suf lak taryqa, find a way 
out of this difficulty! as^L. 
ma(raga, iron hammer, pi. 
jjVk. matdriq, 

^J' ( V jl»i) tarqa\ to crack, 
burst, produce a sound. 
4*»jt tarqa'a^ act of crack- 
ing, bursting, producing a 

A ji. ( *,L ) tar ram, to extract 
teeth. >_,J,\ ittarram, to be 
extracted. ^Jx* mutarram, 
extracted; ^k. ^L,s tVbdn 
mutarram, snake whose 
fangs are extracted. 

tj^turra, small lash ( made of 
a piece of rag), head of a 
coin, cypher of the Sultan 
on Turkish coins, pl.jj= 
turar; Vlj .jk turra 
wallajdSj heads or tails? 

isJ'i'S Jn^t^^y (j^^(^), tobe 
soft, loose, is jk tarra, to 
cause to be soft or loose; 
1jJ:> IjJl ed dinja tar re t^ 
the weather has become 
cool. *i jL" tatryja^ act of i 
softening, loosening, c^jk I 
/art/, soft, tender, cool, pi. 
iS^Jh turdj. t}\J= tardwa, J 
cool weather, freshness. 

4ii^ taryha, see ^J^ 

^Jhtaryf, see ^jk 

j,J,(ari/g,see j> 

rk^w;?^, or i.» jk ^a^r^- p,ss, 
pshaw! Ji j\> ^"j^ kaldm 
tuzs fiss, trash, stuff and 
nonsense; J^ jk ^fr'*'! en 
natyga tuzs fiss, the result 
is nil ; dl-j 3k (M^;r /"t/fe, 
you are worthless ! you are 
beneath any body's notice! 
T snap my fingers at you I. 
^j,l (^ki) tass (jutuss ), to hit,, 
strike. ^^^jJ I intass, to be hit, 
struck, ^j-^-k* matsds, hit, 
struck. ^jS tass, act of 
hitting, striking; oWL ^^ 




jjj. tatoi sa'dt tass, three 
consecutive hours. A-.i»(as- 
sa,a stroke, a blow,/)i. oUi. 
^^^ltaslaq, obsolete, old fa- 
shioned . 
J.^.^i' lasds, darkness, obscurity, 

oiJ» (isij washbasin, pi. w^ii. 
JLkil. ( (jLk-ik. ) tastas, to fizz, 
4-iLiJ»(as?asa,act of fizzing . 
*U» tassa, see jiU» 
Jiai» tally ^ sweets offered to 
visitors in oriental houses. 
j»l«l> tu'^dm, see «i. 
^t (^W) to'agf (Jit'ag), to dent, 
dint, bend. 7|L»k;l inta^ag, to 
be dented, dinted, bent. 
^y.k,ni a^ 'iig* ,dented,dinted, 
bent. /^ /.a'gr,act of denting, 
dinting, bending. Ascis la'^ga, 
dent, (lint, bend, pi. oU..^ 
.i.( .Uj) ia'ftm [jiCim), or 
(a"am, to feed, graft, vac- 
cinate. j»i.l i<{a"am, to be 

fed, grafted, vaccinated. »!» 
muta"am or mii(a"am^ 
fed, grafted, vaccinated. 
Jaz-l isto^'am, to find the 
taste good. ^^ tat'ym, act 
of feeding, grafting, vacci- 
nation. ^Uk tudm, food, J3Z. 
<ujii.| aCima, A. tu'^m, bait 
for fishing. *i> (a'm, taste^ 
flavour. nlJjHm, relishing, 
tasting good. 4^ tcCmyja, 
balls of mashed beans fried 
in oil. 

lyl' (j«kj)ia'an (jit^an), to stab, 
libel; 4J ^»l ta'an fyh, he 
libelled him. ^y^\ inta'an, 
to be stabbed. CiyL% mat^tn^ 
stabbed, libelled, ^k (a'n^ 
act of stabbing, libel, k^ 
ta'^na, a thrust, a libel, pi. 
Cb.i» ta^ndt. <;j^lk ia'im, 
pestilence • 

j^ ( jJ^J /a^-a ryt(^i/ >), to be 
excessive,fiood.^Uii> tugjdn, 
excess, flood. J^U» tdijy^ 
wicked, pi. .U» tugd. 

<.j^\^u^\tOta{f (juiatf), see ^ili' 




^{^.) tafah ( jitfah ;, to 
overflow, vomit . *a^ taffah, 
to cause to overflow, cause 
to vomit ; ij-jj *■*! j^ ti'^''^ 
tcLffahny arba'a qurM, he 
fined me four piastres. 4-\i' 
tdfih flyevRo-wing • ^l^ tafh, 
overflow, vomiting. 
jLil» ( ^_^iki ) tafas ( jitfas ), to 
escape, run away .J:ii taffis, 
to cause to escape or run 
away. JiU. tdfis, or o^«^ 
^ afsctn , fugitive. J:;ikr ia^ /"t/s J 
act of causing to escape, 
causing to run away • 4i.ii. 
ta/'sa, escape, pi sL,\Lil>taf- 
sdt. i^^iiltafsUny, truant, 
fugiti\e,pl.xj jZilytafsunyJa. 
Jii, .Jik-I (Jiix-i) istafal ijis- 
tifil), to leave to one's own 
devices; .C^ cJ\ J»Ja-'l istifll 
enta wayjdh, make it up 
between yourselvesl 
Jil» tafl, yellow clay. 
^ {jLi)tafa (jitfy ), or taffa, 
to extinguisli {ive;jJr^jUafa 
&lgyr, he slacked the lime. 

jikjl intafa, to be exting- 
uished. Jik. matfy^ exting- 
uished. jLt^afj/, act of exting- 
uishing. .jWJ\ *-ii> tafjet 
es sig'd.ra, cigarette ashes. 
jL ( jki ) ?agg,to burst, produce 
a sound; ^i^aJ^ Ajij.J\ el bun- 
duqyja taqqet, the gun went 
off; ,yL^\ jl> taqq el ^aswa, 
he ate the supper; jki JuJ i 
S^-^qa''ad jutuqq hanak,he \ 
went on jabbering, he contin- 
ued chatting; xAc iel> taqqoh 
'alqa, he gave him a hiding, 
jkst taqtaq, to crack, clack, 
crackle, make a noise. A-ii" 
taqqa, burst, sound, once, 
pi- olsk taqqdt ; t^:2i» JS^ 
akal iaqqeUn, he ate twice. 
4iksJ» taqtaqa, act of crack, 
ing, clacking, crackling, 
making a noise. *a.k2i. (wg- 
f^gct, cracker, pi. ^}^>\i\> 
taqatyq. jksi. a! »»j cia/a' 
io/i ^ag(a^,^ie paid him hard 
cash; CSc j*!^^--!) jkai. ^;,. min 
taqtaq lis saldmu "aUkum, 




from beginning to end^ from 
first to last. J^k:l^ (aqttiq, 
fop, coxcomb. Ai^kil. ,j, 
mara taqtCqa, fast woman. 

^ik taqs^ weather, religious rite_, 
liturgy^ pi. ^J-yk {uqds. 

JLsl. ( JLikj ) taqas ( jutqus ), to 
break, smash (china_, glass,, 
etc.). JL2k taqqas, to break 
or smash one thing after 
another. JL5kJI intaqas, to 

be broken, smashed. 



matqCis, broken, smashed. (ags, act of breaking, 
jy]^ii>taqtuq, and AiJaSi, tuqtiqa, 
see jk 
«!. ( »k) ) taqqam, to clothe, 
dress, ikl iitaqqam, to be 
clothed, dressed. »k. mutaq. 
qam, clothed, dressed, sk 
(aqm, suit of clothes, set, pi. 
^^Jk taqCim,ov 4..yk iaqCima; 
(ib jk (aq-m. a:^'^, tea ser- 
vice; ^l-a>- ^k taqm ko-'jdn,, 
Jk(Jk) ) tali (juUill), to look. 

peep,visit;^ip Jki \:>.jruhna 
nutuWalehum, we went to 
call upon them. Jk-. mi(aZi^ 
view from a window. aIL. 
mitalla, call, visit, /3i. oi^^k* 


^k to to, see Jk 

j^ltaldq, see jlk 

^k (wikii) totofe (jutlub), to ask, 
demand ; ^,^4 4ik talaboh 
jikclar^ he asked him to 
come, he sent for him. ^\k 
((i//6,to claim. JJJ tatallab, 
to request, apply for. ^^Lil 
intalab, to be asked, de- 
manded, summoned. ^Ik 
tdlib, claimant, pi. vj-li^k 
fulldb, or uJ^k talbyn ; iJS^ 
<-Uk fcaifta (difta, bitch in 
heat. ^jUi* matUib, asked, 
demanded, summoned; ^y^^* 
matldb, debt, claim, pi. Jlk. 
matdlib, or ^Jlk. matalyb, 
or ^l^lk. matlubdt ; v_.^lk. 
^ji 1^ matliiboh kam qirs, 
how many piastres does he 
claim"? wik fatod, or ^kT 




tatalluh, request, demand, 
claim, requisition , applica- 
tion, pi. oUi talabdt^ or 
vlUkr tatallubdt. aJiL. mti- 
tdlba, claim for payment. 
.Jl>talsam, talisman^ pi, ^'^l 
,j--ii^^ taltamys, blind, dim. 

Ji. ( -Ikj ")(iij' ( jUM'^ ), to rise, 
go up, appear, become; ^\ 
I j; itUx'' harra,gooui\ leave 
the room I iVift J ftlls^iZi' /■[/ 
'agto/i^hemade up his mind, 
he imagined; t^jsi Jit tili^ 
jigry^ he tookto his heels; 
»:^Vi, -u-jj rd/io/i (iTe^, he 
breathed his last; ^i> ^^vil\ 
es sam s?i7'ei, the sun rose; 
j\-i\ JiJ» (i7r en nahdr, 
the day broke; 4.t»- ^^. iJii» 
iiii' mm haQqoh, he was 
a match for him ; l^lki 
s>-\ n^ j itla^u g in^ wdhid, 
they amount to £ 1 ;Jj!l^>«ii»l 
wl:5JU7to' winsil bilkitdb, 
I hold you responsible for 
the book, you are bound to 

find the (lost) book; c^l J" 
JU»J\ ^il\ J /it/ya (iTet fy es 
s4 el battdl, she became infa- 
mous, she became a prostit- 
ute; e^,"^ ^l till li abdh, he 
takes after his father; *! A.I 
JU\ ^. tiW loh min el "dly, 
he assumed a high tone with 
him;U'r'j*jj iJjiil ^^. Ak 
jitla" m in ydak ti^mil keda, 
can you manage to do such a 
thing? JUaj Jii ^l tiW 
walad battdl, he grew up to 
be a bad boy ; 4..aii| ^, Al 
tiW min el }}idma, he left 
the service. >«U. talla\ to 
cause to rise, go up or ap- 
pear, extract; ^^"^^ ^y A^i y 
huwabijitalla' 'alayjaka- 
Idm^ he invents things about 
me ; \j. *«U» talla'oh barra^ 
show him the door I kick him 
out I Aili- Al talla" hulqoh^ 
he vented his wrath; a^j^ .11. 
talUx'' rdhoh , he annoyed 
him, he bothered him ; -II. 
iiL.> talkC' hissak^ speak 



louder! ^l tdW, or ^ ^l\ 
ittala'' 'ala,to study, peruse, 
take note of.»Akria(Zt/',actof 
raising, lifting, extraction. 
9-^ talu', act of rising, 
going out, ascent, appear- 
ance, swelling, abscess, 
boil; ^^ I «-jU» tuWessams, 
sunrise; .Jul J «^^i. a] -U» 
tiW loh tuW fy ydoh, he 
has an abscess in the hand. 
iJli= tAli\ rising; JU> Cj^ a-.?- 
hissoh kdn tdli\ his voice 
was heard;«)\i» tdli\ appear, 
ance, pi. ii\jl:.tawdli\ f^l\ 
ittild", act of taking note, 
study, perusal; ^>-U J:^lj 
f^l\ rdgil sdhib ittild\ a 
well informed man. ^Jlk. 
mw^^JTa, study, perusal, read- 
ing. aAI, tal'a, a going out, 
an inclined plane, pi. oUi, 
tal'dt ; (^^-U UJ, tatet el 
mayjityn, visit to the tombs 
of dead relatives on a certain 
day in the ycar.f-^U».« mUld\ 
climbing noose for mounting 

date-palm trees. 

Jl= tala\ game of chance played 
with four dice. 

j,U. ( jU»j ) talaq ( jitliq or jut-~ 
lug), to let go, leave at large, 
suffer pains of child birth ; 
4..;ji:J\ jU. ^» huwa talaq el 
bunduqyja, he Rred the gun. 
jiJ. tallaq, to divorce. jJtl 
atlaq^ to leave at large; ^ 
4.*- jli,l huwaatUxq saby- 
loh, he set him free, jlkil 
intalaq, to be allowed to go, 
left at large. jU.1 ittallaq, 
to be divorced. 4illi. tdlqa, or 
Ailkt mutallaqa, divorced 
woman. jU, talq, pains of 
child birth. jLL (atag, dis- 
charge of a gun; jlki aJji^ 
jtf-l^ bunduqyja bi talaq 
wdhidj one-barrel gun. 
j:i^i» taldq, divorce, j^tl 
iU<^Q, generalization ; U> 
j!>\.i.V' 'alal itldq, or 
OUi» mutlaqan, absolutely, 
U. (a/»m, jabber, garrulity ; 




11. vj^ jidrab talum^ he 
talks nonsense. 

i^il, ftihimba, or i..>Jhturumha* 
pump, fire-engine, pi. oLit 
tulumbdt; \j^\X]atulumbet 
hawa, air_pump. j^^ 
tulumbagy, fireman, pi. 
A.5e..Al» tulumbagyja. 

9-^\fijdiT, see -lU 
Jl» ( Jk.) ?ato (jitly), to overlay 
v.ith gold or silver. Jkil 
infala, to be overlaid ; 
A Jo olkil Ai^i-I eZ hikdja 
intalet 'alih^ he swallowed 
the bait. Jk* matly, over- 
laid. Jk (aZy, act of over- 
laying with gold or silver. 
iik talja, a layer of gold or 
silver, pi. oUk taljdt. ^\k 
talla, one who overlays 
with gold or silver, pi. 
a<i^^ tallayjyn. 
Cj\..\i>taljdn, see ^{Si 

j\}^tamdr^ see ^^k 

J,\^(am.(t{jm,* see oU:;Ij 
^lj./amm(l', see •iJ' 

^\.kfamd/i, see/^ 

tjyjotambtira* guitar; ,Jiil l^.k» 
i,j^.»kU j;.,^ qatahi ydoh 
sahhet lit tamb{(ra,he turns 
everything to good account. 

*iy.*!» tambusa, paddle-box, cage 
and point, pi. oU^.«^ tam- 
jvk ( jJ^l ) famar (jutmur j, to 
hide in the ground, jjytam- 
mar^ to brush a horse. _^k.i 
intamar, to be liidden. ^^.kl 
iljammar, to be brushed. 
jyJh., matmur^ hidden, j'^' 
mitammar, brushed. j*k 
(amr, act of hiding. jsJa.Uat.~ 
myr, act of brushing. .j>«-'»« 
mafmAra, hiding-place, 
cave, pi. j!» matamyr, 
jlk (umdi\ horse-brush; 
J^ ISij)- hadydet tumdr, 
^_^»k ( ,j-*k> ) tamas (ju(mus), to 
fill up, efface, ,_;-»k.ii intamas, 
to be filled up,effaced.j_j.^^k. 
matmAs, filled up, effaced. 
^_^*-k (ams, act of filling up, 




«»i. ( «»L ) / im r (Jit ma'), to 
covet; A_j ».JotimV fyh,he 
took advantage of him, he 
imposed upon him. .*.!. tam. 
ma\ to cause to covet ; yt^ 
lf.» 4..^!. huwa tamma'^oh 
fyha, he made him take 
advantage of her . ^Jh tama\ 
covetousness, greed- ^^Ll. 
tammd\ covetous, greedy, 
pi. j_\.eU.l. tamma^yn. 

j^i'i ^j^Li)fammin, to set the 
mind ai ease, reassure; 
A.lo ^^^i. tamminny ^aleh, 
give me his news! ^M 
itjammin, to be set at 
ease, reassured, jja.. mit- 
tammin , at ease, reassured, 
trusting, confident. tjj*-k' 
ta{myn, act of setting the 
mind at ease. ^\J» tamdn, 
tranquillity of mind, confld_ 
ence, security. 

^vl. (^_>^l»i) tama (J it my), to 
silt up. ^^L (uniy, silt. 

j^i. f^J^jJ^) (ann ( jitinn ), or 
•Ju'JL (anian, to ring. 

tinkle. *:_J. tanna, ring^ 
tinkling. 4_;LJ» tantana, 
noise, pomp. 

iji^ tangara* saucepan, pi. 

J.-Jh (^Ji>ii»i ) tannis, to feign not 
to hear. ^cLj tatnys, act of 
feigning not to hear. 
A±.:\,tant.ana, see^^i. 
jfi-l^fki) tihir (Jithar ),lo he 
clean, pure, j,^ tahhar, 
to clean, purify, disinfect; 
*pyj\ \ijt'^ tahharu et tir'a^ 
they cleared the canal. 
^U, tdhir^ to circumcise. 
j^J^I ittahhar, to be cleaned, 
purified, disinfected. j»M>\ 
ittdhir, to be cirumcised. 
^fk: tathyr, act of cleaning, 
purifying, clearance of ca- 
nals, silt clearance, pi. 
ol^j-k; tathyrdt; ;^^\\i ^,kr 
ta{hyr bil karrdka, dred- 
ging. ,j\^ tahdra, cleanli- 
ness, purity- j»\i, tdhir, 
pure, j^ tuhiir, circum- 
cision. ,f_k. ma'har , 




purgatory. jt\L» mitdhir^ 
circumcised boy, pL ui_;»\ia.« 

jfi=( jfk. ) tahaq (jUhaq), to 
be disgusted, unable to bear 
any longer. iX^ tahqa , 
disgust. ^\2^ tahqdn, dis- 
gusted, one who is unable 
to bear any longer. 

jy^^ tuhicr^ see j^ 
^s^'^)^ tawdsy, s,eej^^ 
yJ^y^tauwdf, see ijU» 

^^y^tuwdla, see J\i» 

V^^f^&, bricks, stones, sg. ai^J* 
ttlba^ pi. ^Ij^i" tubdt; ^^ 
^ j (^& nay, unburnt bricks ; 

ji'\ w^i- (^^ ahmar^ burnt 
bricks; a*-'*^ Jc v_-jJp tub'ala 
sathoh, bricks laid flat; ^^i. 
jirliW Jc f^6 ^alal qdjim , 
bricks on end ; J>. ^^^1, (wb 
galy , bath brick. 

j:}^tubgy,* artillery -man, pi. 

*^^ tubgyja. *;l«T,i=> (wb- 

/|(tna, gunnery arsenal pZ . 

sL>^\ii~fl:> tubbandt. 

y.y^ (jiAl) t^bas, to lower the 

head , bend down. y_ ^. 
mif(56a;r, one who is low- 
ering the head , bending 
down . ,j. ^l fdbasa , act 
of lowering the head, bend- 
ing down. 

aj^J, tMba , 5th month of the 
Coptic calendar. 

j^i, . yyl\ { /^k) ) ittauwar^ to 
bfe excited, lose control over 
one's self. j^k« mittauwar 
one who is excited . j^^ 
tatwyr^ excitement, 
iilj^ tu;:luh , gaiter , pi. dlllj 

j.'}^ { j.'y\^{) tauwis, to castratel 
J^'j.\,\ ittauiv is, iohe castrated. 
j-'_jk. mitfauwis, caslrateJ. 
Jij^kr ia( to ys , castration. 
^I^t tawdsy, eunuch, pi- 
A..jil^ tawasyja. 

Aijk((3sa, seej.\I= 
^],_,t . ^^kl ( ^Ijki ) iftotah, to 
totter, swagger. ^^1» {()- 
(ato, act of tottering, 
f- ,k (d', see f-\J9 * 




(^ jC-^l. iogry* straight, direct line. 

yjj\> t6f, and ^^ tawafdn, 
see ijll. 

3>^ ( j^j) tauwaq , to encircle 
with a band, wipe with a 
towel ; u<i;f'j 3}'^ tauwaq 
rigyfin, he devoured two 
loaves of bread. jy,l it- 
tauwaq , to be encircled , 
wiped, jjii. mitauwaq , 
encircled, wiped. ji^U to(- 
wj/g, act of encircling, wip- 
ing, j^ tdq^ neck-collar, 
iron ring, pi. j\jl\atwdq; 
\^i^ j'iiiy J hyja nazzile- 
toh min tdqha^ she adop- 
ted him as her son. 

^^\'tM, and J^]> tMy, see JU. 
j\»^ tumdr, rammer and sponge 
ii"^ ^ ^ tonol/Xta , ton_weight, pi. 
C>\iHySj^ tonolatdt. 

t*fl tauwa, frying_pan, pi. Ol'^t 

t5^((^^_) taLoa [jUioy), to 
fold, put by. iS^\ intawa^ 
to be folded, put by. (^^k. 

matwy, folded, put by. (S^l 
tawy^ act of folding, put- 
ting by. J> taj , enclosure, 
enclosed. a.J> tayja, a fold, 
pi. si^U. tayjdt. 

Jj^(aM)(/Z, see Jlk 
J,taj, seetSji' 

<J[J>tijdb, see ^\l, 

jLltayJdr, see Jd> 
i^\S tajdsa, see j.\iB 

Ci\Stayjdn, see oi^ 

^Styb and tayjib^ see ,_>U. 

jt.J:» tih, see r-U» 

jfL ^^r,and(:;l jrjt tajardn^see jU» 

^t- ( jjki) tayjix , to lift up the 
buttocks; a) oJjI» III ana 
tayjizt loh , I gave him a 
cold shoulder, I took no 
notice of him. jJ» tyz^ 
buttocks , pi. jU»l atjds; ^* 
^y Jj:jJ».\i^ huwa way. 
jdh tysin fy libds , he is 
hand and glove with him ; 
.j^k) «».j j^\)\ el wab&r 
rigi' bitysoh, the steamer 
moved stern foremost ; ^\j 
4y.»r i>j\\> rdgil lyzoh tiqyla. 




a slow man. j^Ja.. mitjiz^ 

one who has large buttocks. 

*i..J» ((/sa, one who receives no 

portion, one who takes part 

in a game with both sides ; 

aI.1. «l]» tili" tysa, he was 

left in the cold. 

*iUJ» tajlasdna^ coping of a 


tj|<i»(ci<i»j) tayjin^ to cover with 

mud; a!1-U oi^ ^* huwa 

tayjin el masdla, he made 

things worse, he added fuel 

to fire. ^<^\ ittayjin, to 

be covered with mud. ^jj-k* 
mutayjin, covered with 
mud. c^\> tyn, mud, clay, 
land. J\J>\ atjdn, landed 
property. ^U cj<J» tyn hilu, 
or jvU (ji\> tyn ably 3, Nile 
mud; OtJ^U i^jzayet tyn, 
dirty, miserable, wretclied. 
*:-]9 ({/na, piece of mud ; 
4.:.l»jjl jC- sakrdn tyna^dead 
drunk. cj^.Uayjdn ,\ahouver 
(who carries mortar to the 
mason), pi. aJL]» tayjdna. 




wU(^i«)j'^^ (J'''yb), to be 


J w^C 


'db fy haqqy, he was guilty 
of a discourtesy against me. 

>— :* Vtj/yib,totaunt,criticize, 
mimic, make faces; ^Jc l.U;C^ 
'ayjibna^alihum, we taun- 
ted them. ^\c 'djib, faulty 




defective, one to blame* ,_^ft 
"^ib, defect, shame, vice, pi. 
s^yS-'ajClb; ^xs. ^.J\ el'^ih 
'andak, you are to blame; 
viUc ^_^ '^6 'al^k, you ought 
to be ashamed of yourself I 
A^p "^ba, a shameful or 
disgraceful thing, an in- 
dignity, an outrage, pi. vi^U.p 

s,}c^dbid, see a.p 

j.W(i6j>, see j\p 

2^U 'dgr, see ^- 

y^\cr'dgUj see j^ 

ilc(jyo)'a<i (ju{id)^ to return 
to; jW (ju«i)'(Jrf (ji' yd), to re- 
peat ; jkJ\ iW 'dd en nazar, 
to reconsider, re-examine, 
i^ '^auwid, to cause to be 
accustomed to. jV^I in'dd, 
or ilJI jrdd,to be returned, 
repealed. i\:cl i'^dd, or j^Jl 
Waawid, to be accustomed 
to. iL:. mun'dd, returned, 
repeated ; jl»:. _,C. sukkar 
mttn'ddj refined sugar. j\u. 
ma'^dd, or j^.:. mit'auwid^ 


accustomed to ; Jc i^.:* \M 

-1.1 ana mWauwid 'alal 
masy, I am accustomed to 
walk, j^ft '(3d, return. »i^ 
'<5(/a, a return, pZ. ol.>^ 
'oddt. i^yS ta'awAd, act of 
accustoming one's self to. 
j\»^ my'dd, season, time, 
pi. a.p1^. mCiwa'yd ; JjJ»- 
j_ptj,U gadwalel mawa^yd, 
time-table; iU.. ciJl (i-^j *ii- 
dallyhjiddy lak my'dd, let 
him make an appointment 
with you! DiU 'dda, custom, 
habit, pi. oliU 'addt, or 
j.ljfr 'awdjid ; »iU\ l^ 
'alihael dda, she has the 
menses; .iUlt j,_^ U ma ZAs 
birdda, or ,ji)l^ J. J:. (^^ 
dy mm min 'awdJdoh,he 
has not this habit. jW 'dd, 
or .j^U dwid, later on, 
afterwards ( talk of the 
natives of Upper Egypt ). 
.jljft Hjdda, doctor's visit, 
clinic, pi. ol.>^p 'ijaddt. 
;^il.-^l i'iiydd J/, customary. 



ordinary; ^i\^\ j^ gir 
i'tijddy, or oU\ jjW lidriq 
el 'dda, extraordinary. 
wiW ^ddihy see a^.jJ* 
Jilc'ddiZ, see J at 

SW . iU:-.! (ji»»:-j ) ista'dz (jis- 
ti'ys ), to seek refuge; i^pl 
4al a^ii^'a billdh^ what a 
horror 1 God forbid I auI iU. 
ma^dz alVXh^ God forbid 1 

j\« "dr^ see ^p 
iy>J^'drid, sQQjf/- 
<Jj>c '<*^iA see ^jp 
i3> (iJjU) '<tri/f, or C, iJ>'l 
ifdrik wayja^ to fight, 
quarrel, struggle, wrestle 
with. illjP 'jrd/c, or d^U» 
mu^drka, or <^ ^arka, 
fight, quarrel, row, dispute, 
joi. O^^jft Hrakdt, or iJjl« 
ma'^drik^ or o^jP ^arkdt. 

j\c ( j^. ) '(t^ (Ju'Az), or jl-^l 
r^tt^^, to want, be in need of, 
jj\c 'cJioi^, or 31 \c '(t/j^,.one 
who is in want, p/. oiJj^ 
"awzyn, or jiji^ ^ajzyn ; 
jjUlil ana '<Vi'*'» I want, I 

wish. » j\c 'dza,or »j^ '<5^a, 
want, need. 

wjjlc 'dzih, see o^jt 

j.\c(JL_uj ) =(tsOt'l/«^to live; 
^1 JL;«> ty\ ahdh ti^ysenta, 
his father died; ^ip 'isi, 
thank you! j^'ayJis,io cause 
to live , provide for. ^:^l 
it^ayjis, to gain a living; 
\\ j» ^:^'-i bijit'ayjis min 
^, how is he making his 
living? Jj\c 'djis, living, 
existing. JL.)* ta'ayjus, act 
of making one's living, a!/ 
^ysa, or A-ij« ma^ysa, life, 
existence. J^.^ '^s, bread; 
i. Jc J:^p ^H^ala to/im,cake 
with minced meat ; JL/> 
^\J^\ '^s ei gurdb, mush- 
room, ^^l«* ma'^ds, living, 
subsistence, pi. JIjU* ma'tt- 
yjs; jLL. ma^ds, pension, pi. 
C»UIm ma^asdt ; wljjl j« 
oliUl mm arbdb el ma'a- 
sd^. State pensioner; J^l 
jX^\ \c uhyl ^alal ma^ds, 
he was pensioned off; J.\»» 




^}.\ ma^ds el markib, 
passengers in a ferry-boat. 
^Lc. 'ayj'ds, seller of breads 
pi. ijji.U ^ayjasyn. 

j^^'dsir, and ij^U 'as&ra^ 
see ^tt 

jilc "dsj'g, sec j±p 

c/"** ( t/*^*! ) '^^ iJii'^? ), to soil, 
smear. ^Uii m'(J.<;. or ^_;*U'I 
it'ds, to be soiled, smeared. 
^L:* minds, or jy>U:. mji- 
'<l.s, soiled, smeared. ^^^ 
'(3.?, act of soiling, smearing. 

^etfW 'dst/, see^^ 

*^\c ^dfjob, see ie- 

^W ( ^jU ) 'dqih, to punish. 
^;L>li7'<igi6,tobe punished. 
^»U:« mit'dqib, punished. 
wIsp Hqdb, punishment, pZ. 
^\A:e.'-iqabdt. ai^zc- ^uqdba, 
pnnisliment, penalty, pZ. 
0\i^Sp 'uqubdt; ol,2«l\ ^jyU 
qanixn el 'uqubdt, penal 
code. A.»\c 'dqba, issue, end, 
result; iJjLie. 4,»U\ eZ 'dq^fta 
''andak^ or dilLsp uqbdlak^ 
I wish you the samel I hope 

your turn will come nextl 
Jjlft 'dqil, see JiP 
J\c ( J^»:) 'ctZ (Ju'Al), to provide 
for ; iSi aILII j^ ijJ-J I. ma 
tu^dls hamm el masdla dy, 
do not be uneasy about this 
affair! Jj\c '<iyi7, providing 
for, bearing; j^^ ^ J>\c y* 
huwa "djilhamm kityr, he 
has many cares. aJ.;^ '^djla, 
or 4^ '^Za, family, wife, pZ. 
^^ijW 'ajldt, or o^Lp 'eZ(ii. 
J.f. 'ayjil, boy, child, pZ. 
Jlj> Hjdl, J-«. mu'jal, or 
JLft ^9-\.^ set /lib 'iy^^, one 
who has a large family to 
provide for. Ji^c- 'awyl, one 
who lives at the expense of 
others, hanger_on, pi. V^ 
^uwala. 4\je- "uwdla, mean- 
ness , living at the expense 
of others. 
Jlc VtZ, and J\c 'dly, see le 
2\c {p"i) 'dlig, to treat medical- 
ly. l\.S\ it'dlig,to be treated; 
(;j<. s:c J.L:j bijWdlig 'and 
myn, who is his doctor? 



aA-U* mu^dlga, medical treat, 
ment, r^c. Hldg, remedy. 

l\c "dlam and ^Alim, see U 

Jc(p«i) 'dm (ju^dm), to float, 
swim. *y "auwim, to cause 
to float, cause to swim, flood. 
jtIc "djim, floating, swim- 
ming, flooded, /.^ft 'dm, 
natation; ^,f- j4 ^el hahr 'dm, 
water is deep enough 
for one to swim.^' jt^ 'auwdm, 
swimmer, diver, pi. a.I^c 
auLodma, or a<'^°}^ 'auwa- 
myn. JiJluU i.i^e. 'auwdmet 
el qandyl, piece of cork 
floating in a night-lamp 
through which the wick 
is placed, p^ ^{A^f-^auwa- 

Jc 'dm, year, pi. ,\jfi\ a^wdm; 
j^^\iAc JS" hull "dm we 
antum hiMr, happy new 
year I merry Christmas! 

Ac 'dm, see f- 
julft 'dmid, see Sajc 
y\c 'dmir^ see jvP 
J.WdmJi, see J^ft 

iyic '^amAd, see j.*> 
^Ic (^^t<a))'dr^fJ^f/n ), to help, 
assist, remove, lift up. J^ji\ J 
in'dn, or jjUTI it'dn, to be 
lielped, assisted, removed, 
lifted up. ii)^:-! ista'dn, to 
seek assistance. 03^"* i<'<t- 
win, to be assisted. ^l«:« 
min'dn, removed, lifted up. 
subscription for a charitable 
purpose, pi. •l>\i\c\ i'andt. 
oyf- '6n, help, assistance; 
diijfr J ^\ cJ^" kdn alhXh fy 
'dnak, may God help youl 
I sympathize with youl aJ^p 
'(5/ia,help, assistance, cor- 
cee, forced labour. (j^L 
mud win, assistance, repre. 
sentative,delegate,p^ uj'i^"* 
mu'awnyn; ^-i )>, o)^" fnu-[ 
'dwin holys, police officer; 
in charge of a district; Cii^**\ 
*k»* mn'dwin mahatta^ 
assistant station-master; 
CJi^" iT-'^V Tauhandis mti- 
'dwin assistant^engineer' 




*i}\»' mu'^dwno,, assistance, 
help. 4jl«:^l isii'dna, an 
asking for help- 4j^». ma- 
Ana, power, succour. o>^^ 
ma^Cin, receptacle. ti^eX. 
ma'dna, lighter, barge. 
j!ic ( jiLi ) ^dniq, to embrace, 
clasp about the neck. jil«n 
ii'dniq, to be embraced, 
clasped about the neck.4.4il«* 
mu^dnqa, embrace. 
•j»\ft'd/ira_,see _„e 
**'t'^/irt^ infirmity, /)Z. o\»lc 

j)^ 'dwi;;, or _^,\c 'dji;;, sec}\c 
wi^ '<V'^, see w\c 
crl^'<iyjs, see^_^\t 
(31^ W'9, see jjC. 
^.^'^'(iyto, see JU 
v^ 'j6&, breast pocket, pi. v_»Lftl 
abdb; w^ ij »a /"a^a/i to/i 
^ibh, he encouraged him, he 
showed him favour; jUl^ ^.^J 
A.P J li'ibel fdr fy'ihboh, 

he became uneasy, he be- 


came suspicious. 
»^U ' ibdda,sec xs- 

»j\s- Hbdra,see j^ 

aU.c. 'abdta, see Ja-c 

Aj\^ 'abdja, woollen cloak, pi. 
^e. 'iby, or ol.Lc- abajdt. 

z^s- 'abas, a trifle , nonsense, 

error in judgment. 
ji.p (ju-i) 'afcarf (Ji'bid), to wor- 
ship, adore. Ji^il in^abad , 
■ or a..)'l ifa&acZ, to be wor- 
shipped, ailored.Ji^'l itaft- 
bid, to be pious, religious. 
j^mi^lista'bid, to enslave.i^j** 
ma'bdd , worshipped; j^j»« 
mabAd, object of worship, 
idol , /)^. C>^iy-.''ma'buddt. 
>:>\.f- 'ibdda , worship , pi . 
si^\ :>{.(■'' ibaddt.XuS ta'abbud , 
piety. jblc 'd6Jd,orA.«:. mit- 
'abbid , pious , religious , 
worshipper, pi. uiJuW ^ab- 
dyn,ov jt-Jun:* mil abbidyn. 
ss- 'abd, slave, negro, pi. 
X-P 'abyd. i^i^\ s.s. abdil 
Idioy, kind of melon, cucu- 
mis melochate.x^-., ma'bad^ 
place of worship, pi. jiAm 
ma'dbid. ^.iy^ ''ubudyja , 




slavery. jL«:-l istVbdd, act 
of enslaving, slavery. i\s- 
jj.e-'l 'a66d<ies sams, sun- 
flovs'er, heliotrope. 
jjp(ju[) 'a&ar {Ju'bur), to 
cross. jiP ^ahhar, to express, 
explain, jvtc-l iHabar, to 
respect, consider. jv.ri jY'aft- 
fear, to be expressed, ex- 
plained. j}c 'dbir, passer 
by,pZ. jiyMabryn; j>J> y\c 
"dbir taryq, wayfarer. j^«- 
mu'abbar, expressed, ex- 
plained; 4iP j^«U el mu'abbar 
"annoh, spoken of, referred 
to. jc.. mM'to6ar,respected, 
respectable, pi. jtjU. mu"- 
tabaryn. j^l ta%yr^ expla- 
nation, definition, pi. ^lj^.J 
ta^byrdt. jI.:pI i'tibdr, res- 
pect, consideration, esteem; 

jLc-1 'j^i qillet I'tibdr, 
incivility, want of respect. 

♦jLe. "ibdra, expression, 
phrase, matter, affair, pi. 

>1j\j\j- Hbardt ; ^p ,jU 
"ibdra 'an^ meaning, equal 

to, amounting to. tj^e- "ibra, 
example ; .jvc^ j. aSU- hAloh 
baqa Hbra,he became mise- 
rable, he became wretched. 

ifj^Hbry, or Jijjt 'ibrdny, 
Hebrew, Hebraic. 

cTt^ (.o-fl) ^o.bbis, to frown, be 
stern. ^J ta'bys^ act of 
frowning, stern look. ,_^». 
mu^abbis, stern, austere; 
,_y..« j_^4l. taqs mu'abbis, 
threatening or cloudy 

Ja*f- ( k.R; ) ^abat (j'u'but ), to 
cause to be silly or foolish, 
take hold of a thing with the 
arms, ia.e "abbat, to take 
hold of a thing with the 
arms. Ja-.U in'abat, or L^'l 
it'abat, to be silly or foolish, 
held with the arms. i^^.. 
ma'bM, silly, foolish, held 
with the arms. Ja..e 'abt or 
Ja-.R' ta^byt, act of holding a 
thing with the arms. aJ.Lc- 
"abdta, silliness, foolishness; 


es s^tana "alal '^ahdta, he is 
more knave than fool. Ja..P 
''a6j/(, silly, foolish, pZ. Ja-p 
hibt, or vla^ 'ubata. 

w«t*(^«.«i) 'ab'ab, to fill, be 
filled. ^M^ mu'ab'ab, full; 
S.U ^^.M ^qalby mu^ab'^ctb 
mmna/f, Ihavemany grie- 
vances against you. 
(ir^(j-))'a66ag, to fill the air 
(with perfume, smoke, etc)- 
^^,/\\Wabbaq,io be filled.^. 
mu'abbaq, full; j-«. ^1 ei 
gfttio mu'abbaq, the sky is 
cloudy, the weather threat- 
ens to be stormy. J.-.)* ^a'6j/g, 
act of filling the air. 
^^'abakj material made of 
camel hair. 

At^yS- ^ubudyja, see s.(- 

^f (j^«i) 'abba ( jVabby ), to fill 
up; *.»JiJ\ ^^f- ^abba el bun- 
duqyja, he loaded the gun. 
^*i Wabba, to be filled. ^^ 
ma'a66 t/,fllled. \y.^ ta'byja, 
act of filling. .^jP 'ubuwa, 
sack, receptacle, pi. o'^ 

ubuwdt ; Jeojl J^ft A^^ 
sikyba 'ubuwet ardabbin^ 
sack of two arda&&,capacity. 

ia^p abyt, see Ja^p 
j.^(o«)) 'a^i (Ji^itt), to be 
moth eaten, vi-ct 'afai, to be 
hale and strong in old age. 
^\f- ''dtit, moth-eaten. ^^CfA 
mu' afat ^ hale and strong. 
^e- Htt^ or a:p ^itta^ moth- 
worm, pi. c^ '^itat. 

JliP 'itdq, seejtp 

JI:p attdl.see J:p 

^^ (^>) 'atab (jVtib), or ^*lc 
^dtib, to blame, reproach; 
Jc^:c ^atab '^alayja^ or 
^^'U dtibny, he reproached 
me- ^:p ^attib, to cross a 
threshold, trespass; JXm U 
kiU-)^p| mrt ftag^iis a'attib 
bitak, I shall never darken 
your door again. ^UTI ii'it- 
< i&,to be blamed,reproached, 
■^yU* ma'tAb, blamed, 
reproached. ^iP 'a<a6, oi-^l» 
"itdb, or <u;l« mudtba, 
blame, reproach; Ai<^ ,^\ 




el ^aiab 'alihum, they are 
to blame. ^uJ tatyb, act 
of crossing a threshold, 
trespass, ^jic ^atab, thresh- 
olds, sg. -ifp ^ataba, pi. 
wUp "atabdt, 
J* (>,)) 'iiir (Ji'tar)^ to stum- 
ble over , fall ; a.. ,i,Jie- U. 
lamma Htirt boh , or H 
A.J Oj^ lamma Htirt fyh , 
when I met him, when I 
came across him.^e^ ^attar, 
to cause to stumble over, j 
cause to fall; jjims Ja-i^ i/J.; 
AJ biddy wdhid ji'attarny 
fyh, 1 •wish some one will 
tell me where I can find him 
tjs. 'atra, false step, pi. 
Z»\Jfi ^atrdt. JjL> ji) walad 
mu'attar, a vagabond, a 
street arab. 
^jit.{^jlmi)^atras, to struggle, 
resist. ^J'S^^ mu'atras, 
stubborn. a^-jIp ^atrasa, 
struggle, resistance, stub- 
^yt^{^y•^i,)'cl'taq(ji'taq), to set 

free, deliver; ^»:p1 iHaqny, 
leave me in peacel j:c- 'ai- 
taq, to be old. ^y^\ in^ataq, 
to be set free, delivered. 
j^u. matUq, set free, deli- 
vered,enfranchised,pi. jJl». 
mdatyq. j.:p 'a^f/g, ancient; 
iizt- j^> masr atyqa, Old 
Cairo, jt* ^utaqy, cobbler, 
pZ. AjSift ^utaqyja. ^\is- 'itdq, 
Jlp ( J:.0 '«iaZ ( jl'til), to drag 
or walk on heavily. Jit 
^atal, iron crowbars, sgf .^y* 
'atala, pi. ^%e- ^ataldt. 
^}\:s■^attdl, carrier, porter, 
pi, aSUp 'attdla, or ujUit 
^ft(A»t) "attim, to be dark, 
obscure, j^^*. mu^attim, or 


'i^im, dark, obscure. «^ 

'atma, darkness, obscurity; 
^^ ,i)'i\ eldda 'atma, the 
room is dark 
Alp .ojl ( *:»•.» ) inatah (jin- 
Htih ), to be mad, insane. 
»y.*» maHAh, mad, insane^ 



pi, 44L. ma'atyh. 

jjip 'atyg, see j^ 

^^\ifi- ''us manly, or ^ hismally^ 
Ottoman, Turkish. 


o^^ 'aggdn, see ^^a=> 

--=^ (-^-) 'agab(ji'gib), to 
please; Jli-I di.i^' 'agabak el 
hdl, are you pleased? ^ 
^aggib, or s_^«fM it^aggib, or 
^.^^1 ista''gib, to wonder 
at, be astonished, admire ; 
*il Jc ._.5t.«:-.i) bitista^gib 
'^ala 4, what are you won- 
dering at ? ^^M inagab, to 
please, ^-.s?^ mit'aggib, as- 
tonished. s_,if 'agab, or ,_^ 
ta^aggub, wonder, asto- 
nishment ; ^it JL> I e's 'agab, 
why ? for what reason 2 U 
v-^^' jj.^.^- ma ji^gibAs el 
'agab, nothing will please 
him, he is hard to please. 
w-r^ '«9'(/&, wonderful, asto- 
nishing.*^ 'agf (/6a, marvel, 
miracle, pL. ^\J: ugdjib ; 
^}J: 'agdjib, how curious I 

indeed I diic ^^ 'agdjib 
'alik^ I am astonished at 
youl w^'«9'6, pride, vanity, 
j'r [[fr-yago^CfugurJ^to strike; 
I. Lap ,j^ 'agar oh 'asdja,he 
struck him with a stick, jl^* 
mr^cir, sexual organ in the 
<-*j^(oj^-) 'agraf, or ^j^\ 
it'agraf, to be haughty, 
arrogant, ^^j^' mu agraf, 
haughty, arrogant. AJ^^'ag'. 
ra/'a, haughtiness ,arrogance. 
j^ ( yr- ) 'J^i- (ji'gaz), to be 
old,infirm,blind, incapable; 
A-L*) yS: 'igi;^ bi 'enih^ he 
lost his sight ; JiiU y^c- y^t- 
Hgis "an essugl,he became 
unable to work, jkft 'aggiz, 
to grow old, be or cause to 
be infirm or incapable, be 
deficient ; oj'cp Ajilj>Vl el 
mysanyja 'aggiset, there 
is a deficit in the budget. 
yt* muaggi^, deficient ( in 
accounts). _)>tP 'agas, old 



age, infirmity, blindness. 
^Jtt 'ag;:^ deficit, deficiency, 

pi. Oljy** ^uguzdt. js-*c 

'dgiz, old, infirm, blind, 
powerless. j^Kf^'^agdz^a^e^.^ 
old, pi. j^\j<> "avoaggz ; j^; 
j^:^U\ hard el ^agtz, last 
cold days in winter. .3^* 
mugiza, miracle, pi. <L>\jyL» 
J'^.J^'-'K J?"--) istagil, io 
hurry, be in a hurry ; 
J^=VI L-. J^'"! ji. huwa 
ista^gil fil akl, he ate 
quickly; 4*^-1 ista^giloh, 
hurry him ! J=t«:-.* musta"- 
gil, in a hurry, urgent; 
4.ifc»:-« ^cUj harWa musta"- 
gila, goods sent a grande 
Vitesse. JU*:-! isti'gdl, or 
4»«i<^ ^agala, hurry, haste ; 
JUl.:-! 4 b.-jT' katabna loh 
isti'gdl, v.e wrote to him a 
reminder (Zeff rede rappel); 
^x.c-j.'^balds ^agala,do not 
hurry 1 do not be in a hurry 1 
Jatp'a^'aZ, wheels,roIlers,s5'. 

J=tii5\; ^^ iktib bil 'agal, 
write quickly 1 J^« mu- 
'aggil, in advance, in 
,^'igl, calf, pi. J^=tP 'ugM. 
JW 'aggdly, appertaining 
to the calf, veal. 
^siP ^agam, the Persians, ^^^c^ 
^agamy , Persian, pi. -Wcl 
a^gdm ; =t«U i^_ 6iWd ei 
^agam, Persia. 
^^^^^(^^agamyja , marmalade for 
stuffing cakes. 
^^e- {j^*i) "agan( J i' gin), or ^y 
margin, to knead(dough);^^9<i» 
»%^\j'agan fil kaldm,he 
unnecessarily repeated what 
he said. /,=ce'ag'g'm,to knead, 
mix together. ^K.^\in'agan, 
or jouJI ifagan, to be 
kneaded. ^■>^\\ it'aggin, to 
be kneaded, mixed, ijy^ 
ma^gdn, kneaded, mixed; 
(2;^=tM ma^gixn, ^st/s-paste,, 
putty, kind of cement, j^ 
'agn, act of kneading Oi^ 




'agyn, dough. 4i^t 'agyna, 
a piece of dough. jjU^'a^'- 
g-dn, one who kneads, joZ. 
4.;U.p 'aggdna, or t^jlW* 
^agganyn. ^^\».>ma'agyny, 
or (/^j'"" ma'gungy, hasys- 
paste Seller, druggist, /)Z. 

A^Hgga, omelet, pZ. ^^ 'J5'«5'. 
jy^^aggfir, kind of melon, 
cucumis melo, sg. »jji^^cig- 
gCira, pi, ^\jf^e- 'aggurdt. 
jytc- '^agiis, see j^f' 
JytP 'a^f^iZ, young camel. 
t^^^agwa, compressed dates. 
^^"^agyh, see,_^fr 
^^(^'agyn, sec ^*e 
Jip ( jl») ) 'add (jiidd),to count, 
number, :,'^c ''add id, to 
mourn or wail over the 
dead. a«Jl in" add, or jl»)I 
it" add, to be counted, num- 
bered. Ju:-l ista'add, to 
prepare one's self, be ready. 
jjjiM ma'dCul, counted, 
numbered, j.*. mu''add, rea- 

dy, prepared. Jui-.. musta- 
'add, prepared, ready, 
capable. Jic'atZcZ, act of count- 
ing, jjf; 'adad, number, 
numerical figure, pi. .jljcl 
a'ddd.^^sc 'iddyja, nnmhev. 
:i\j^'adddd, one who counts, 
meter ( tech. 1, pi. ,:>\je- 
'adddda, or j^:>\^c 'adda- 
dyn. i'-ur ti'ddd, census, 
preparation, readiness, fit- 
ness,capabilities,pZ. ^ i ^i ac- 1 
isti'daddt.,iX,u, muaddida, 
hired mourner (woman), pi, 
^ljj». mu'addiddt , or jL:iX*» 
mu'addidyn.tJc "idda,too\, 
instrument, apparatus, pi. 
iJic 'idad; O'j. iJc "iddet 
marrdijOften, several times. 
-jUfr iddla, see Jjc 
(5 jljif- 'addwa, see t^Jc 
IjjLP 'adra, virgin; l_,jiJ\ ^_,. 
marjam cl adra, ^'irgi^ 
j_^Jip 'ads, lentils, sg. *-jic 'adsa, 
pi. oUjfi 'a^Zsdi ; ji-»l ^Jft 




"ads as far, crushed lentils; 
j^-l ^JM^c 'adt< iswid, or 
i..->- y} ^J.^c^ads abu gibba, 
not crushed lentils. 
^}^('{^}^Mlyadal (Ji^dil), to ren- 
der straight, do justice. J jc 
'add i7, to set right, render 
straight, modify, alter.jA«il 
in'^adal, or Jji«il ifadal, 
to inaprove,be made straight, 
be made right.JJ^JIii'ftddiZ, 
to be modified, altered. J^j..* 
ma'd{i i,made straight, made 
right. JiJi«' ta^dyl, modifi- 
cation, alteration. Jjc ''adl, 
or 4.1lJc'Jd(:^to,justice,equity. 
Jjc 'Jdj7, straight; Jjc j:-:" 
b^fidil, a good enough 
house; Jjc rji- barag Hdil, 
he immediately went out. 
Jj'c ^ddil, just, upright, /)L 
(jjblc'adZf/ft.J-u. mu^addil, 
average,rate; Jj^«U Jo c^jJS' 
b kulljdm ^alal mu^addil 
da, the same thing every 
day. JjiM ma^dala, tool for 
straightening sticks. 

j.jic.( ^Ji.i ) 'adam (ji'dim ), to 
destroy. ^jc.\ a'dam, to 
destroy, put to death. 
pji«il in'adam, or *Ji»)l ji'a- 
dam, fo be destroyed. *s*i^\ 
ista^dim, to be worn out, 
become useless. *}Ji>.> ma^- 
dAm, destroyed, has no 
existence; 4JU\ ajS*.' \j ^a 
ma^dAm eVdfja, you accur. 
sed fellow 1 ^^jcI i^ddm, 
destruction, capital punish- 
ment. (.Jc 'adam, want of, 
non-existence; f-if-^ p-J'^l 
elhud&m baqet ^adam, the 
clothes are quite worn 
out ; .AP J. (jl.J\ ci ^ayjdn 
baqa 'adam, the patient is 
despaired of; jy-^^ .'^.e- 
'adam hudur, absence. 
cjV'Jic 'admdn, on the point 
of destruction, useless, ^^f■ 
'adym, lacking, wanting; 
w.>Vi jCJ^ 'adym el adab, 
rude, impolite. 

oSc-'idda, see ap 

ij),e.'ad{l, see <^Jip 




ajjJc 'udubyja , insipidity. ^i\c 
^ddib , insipid. 
^S^i^f■ { (iJt«i ) 'ada iji'dy ), to in- 
fect,communicate, contagion. 
t5 Jp ^adda, to cross, pass, 
cause to cross,cause to pass. 
c5 jU '^dda^to make an enemy 
of. (ijL«il in'ada^ or iSJ^\ 
it'ada, to be infected, take 
contagion from anoltier. 
c5-uJI Wadda,ov c$-uJ ta^ad. 
cZa,to encroach on the rights 
of others, trespass, be cros- 
sed, be passed. t5.>l«)'l it'dda, 
to malie an enemy of. (^Jm 
ma'^dy, infected, one who 
has taken a disease from 
another person. i^A.. mxtdy, 
contagious. is^*.u mutaad- 
dy, one wlio trespasses on 
the rights of others. (i^Jip 
'adwa, contagion, infection. 
(^jlJ ta'addy, trespass, 
ofTr-nco. *. j..)' ta'dyja^ act of 
crossing, passing. »i\se- 
"^addwa, enmity, hatred. 
jsc adCi^ enemy, pi. IjipI 

a'da, or ot.j-it 'aduwyn. 
pl. (^.jl" ma'ddy, or o\jJl«* 
ma^addyjdt. ^S)\^*^ ma'ad- 
ddwy, ferryman, pl, aj^ij*. 

Jise- 'adyl, husband of a wife's 
sister, pZ. Jila<^ 'addjil. 

<J* ^adym, see/.jp 

4i J^ji "iddyja, see st- 

v_.ip . v_-J.c ( s^^'i. ) 'aszih^ to tor- 
ture, maltreat. ^IJI ifaz_ 
;?i6, to suffer, be tortured, be 
maltreated. y_.i«i. mit'assih, 
tortured, maltreated, suf- 
fering, miserable, unhappy. 
^.JuJ<a'^'i/&,act of torturing, 
maltreating. >_jUp ^a:;db, 
torture, suffering, unhappi- 
ness, pain, pl. oUit 

jjs- ( jju) ) 'Asar ( ju zur ), to 
excuse, jj.^ 'azzar^ to re- 
proach, blame, reprimand.<a;rcir,to excuse one's 
self, apologize. jJuilin'aj-ar, 
or ji.ri U'a<iar, to be 




excused; j^\ ^t- jl«ll 
in^azar "an el huddr, he 
was unable to come. jl»i-l 
ista^sar^ to apologize, ask 
to be excused, jji*. ma''zAr^ 
excused, allowance should 
be made for him, prevented. 
jl«> 'a;rr, or j'IipI 'CtizAr, 
excuse, apology, pi. jIIpI 
a'^zdr, or oljUic-l iHizardt. 
jC-( _,.! ) 'arr (ji'irr )^ to dis- 
grace. _,«il in^arr^ or jJI 
ifarr, to be disgraced. 
j«:-l ista'arr, to feel disgra- 
ced, be ashamed. j\c '<tr, 
disgrace, infamy. »'_,«> 'ar- 
ra, infamous, prostitute. 

d\^^irdqy^ seej^ 

iJljC-'iM/f, see i]jW 
iS^.^jf-'ardjsy, see j_^,^ 

y~t^'arab, the Arabs. J.^c- 'ara. 
6?/, bedwin, /)Z »_.jC- "arah, 
or (jl jfr "urbdn; Jjt- "araby, 
Arabic; J.,,*^^. a'^ kallimoh 
bil'araby, tell him in plain 
1 anguage ! tell him candidly 1 

ji^ ^arbagy, and * \s4jC- 'ar- 

bahdna, see o jc- 

jjjp(jj^.)_) 'arbid, to pillage, 
loot. oAijP "arbida, pillage, 
act of looting. 

Cy-f-id'-j-i) ''drbin, to engage, 
give earnest-money, aj^c- 
"arbina, act of engaging, 
giving earnest- money. Oyj'' 
"arb^n, pledge, earnest- 

'^.f- ^arabyja, carriage, car, pi. 
vLVj jC- "arabyjdt ; aj/O '*^.J' 
"arabyjet ruk{iba, carriage; 
jj^'^ijf- ''arabyjet karro,* 
cart ; j.iJa-j^^i.ijC-'^arabyJet 
sikka hadyd, railway car- 
riage, truck, waggon;^- A-ijS^ 
'^arabyJet mayjet, hearse. 
^_,fr "arbagy* coachman, 
driver, pi. t^.f- "arbagyja. 
ii^j- "arbahdna* coach- 
house, pi. z,\^^j> 'arba- 
^jo(^j.)) 'arag, (jurug), to 
limp, be lame. r-_,c- 'arag, 
lameness. ■^j-\ a'^rag, one 
who limps, lame, fern. U^f- 




'arga, pi. ^j. 'urg ; ^j>\ 
a" rag, knave ( in playing 
cards ) ; »j^-x. Ic K^j- 
''arga 'ala maksdra, one 
with the otlier. 
O^^jp ^arg{tn, bunch of dates, 
cluster, pi. C^^^jf- ^aragyn. 

4-J& "irsa, weasel, pi. ^j- ^iras. 

j''f-(j'j»i)^0'T'ras, to grow on 
a trellis,creep (plants). j,jla 
mu^arras , growing on a 
trellis, creeping. JLi _,.)' ta^- 
rys, act of growing on a 
trellis, creeping. xi-iyS ta"- 
rysa , bower , arbour, pi. 
JLjjIiJ ta^arys. 

ij>'f- ( ^'j>.\ ) 'arrai} , to act the 
procurer. ^Jl>Jt■ 'ars^ or ^^^ j«» 
muarrai^, procurer, cuck- 
old, pimp, pi. zX^j- '^ar- 
sdtj ov Cj^^j%»mu''arrai^yn. 
fja^jS ta'ry>i, act of procur- 

t/'j^lo^j'l) '^^^^' (jirid),io 
propose, submit, exhibit. 
Jajt- 'irid, or ^jC-l iradd, 
to be wide, broad, ^j>'/■ 'ar^ 

rad, to expose, widen. ^ jW 
'drvl, or ^y>J^<^\ iHarad, or 


ta'arrad. or 


it'arradj to expose, object, 
interfere, ^^cl ista^rad, 
to review, consider wide. 
J^iy^ ma'rtid^ proposed, 
submitted, exhibited, half- 
witted, cracked. ^j>j^ mit- 
'arrad, opposing, interfer- 
ing ,widened.^j*.ma'arrctrf, 
or^_p.j»:.m if arrarfjBxposed, 
widened, ^ij^ ta'ryd^ act 
of widening, causing to be 

exposition ; ^j^- 'ard, 
honour, width, breadth, 
pi. ^j>ij- '^urM.^ or Jo\j\ 
a'rM; (dU>j& J I' I ana fy 
^ardak,l throw myself on 
your mercy 1 I implore your 
protection 1 have mercy on 

mel -tijP (i iJj wiqi'^ fy 
^ardoh, he threw himself 
on his mercy, he implored 
his protection ; ^J>y- ^xtj) 

Si\^-Jt warryny '^ard 




kitdfak, show me the last 
of you! ^^jO s-iy qitd^ 
"^ardy, ci'oss-section; (jij«!l; 
bil 'ard, abreast ; ^y>je- 
'ard^ or Jl»:?jP "ardahdl* 
petition, application, pi. 
fjf3y- ^urtid, or oVlss'jP 
'-ardahahXt. ^'^ j- '^''- 
dahdlgy* public letter- 
writer,, pi. '^)r^f- ^ar- 
clahalgyja. ^,jf- ^aryd, 
broad, wide, pl.Ja\j- ^urdd; 
^joij<^\ iS kallimoh bil 
^aryd, speak to him in plain 
language! jaiy^\j^i^\» mdsy 
bil ^aryd, he lives in grand 
style. AJ>ij- ''aryda, petition, 
pi. t^Jjp ^ardjid ; ^^ 
^aryda, or Ak^j- ^aryza, 
commission of rank, pi. 
^}_^ ^ardjid, or ^\f- 
'ardji^. 4J.jU. mu^drda, 
or fJ>\Je-\ iHirdd, or ^y>'Ji 
ta^arrud, opposition^ inter- 
ference, jsZ. ol-^jU* mu^ar- 
ddt. Ji>j\c "drid^ accident, 
sleeper, girder, cross-beam, 

pi. ^jl^f- "^awdrid. jjilj«i-l 
isti^rdd, review, parade, 
pi. oUlj«:-l istCraddt. 
^jij«. ma'rad, exhibition, 
pi, ^J>J\*^ ma^drid. jo'j. 
^arad, accident, unforeseen 
thing; ^j«\\ Jij^. ^^ ?^^J/9 
el'arad, accidentally. aJ»jP 
jks2 ij>_^ ^urda HI Ijatar, 
exposed to danger. 
(^jp^urdy* camp, pi. ^{^^ 


^j^( ^y^l) 'i^'^f (jiraf), to 'j 

know, learn; j ^y.^ ^ 

huxjoa ji'^raf fy^ he has a 

knowledge of; JS*V cr'j''^' 

ma ''irifs jdkul, he could 

not eat well, ^'j- 'arraf, 

to cause to know ; ^»jP 

b As-l^l; ^arrafny bil 6«- 

wdga da, introduce me 

to this gentleman 1 ^j»il 

in'araf, or ^yi it'araf, 

to be known. sJ>c-l iHaraf, 

to confess. cij»n it'^arraf, 

to make the acquaintance of, 




be introduced to.uij«:-l ista''. 

raf^ to recognize, identify. 

ijj\ft'<lny,knowing,aware of. 

^^j»> ma^rAf, known; *Jjj«« 

ma^rCtf, favour, kindness; 

please I do the favour 1 ^j»)* 
ta'^ryf^ of making known, 
description_, information. 
AijJ ta'^ryfa^ tariff, isi. 
ta'ryfa, a "small" piastre 
(= 5 milli^mes). ^i j»^ ta'ar- 
ruf, act of making the 
acquaintance, introduction • 
«j«. ma^rifa^ knowledge, 
acquaintance, means, ins- 
trumentality, pl.^j\<i* ma'd. 
^^f', ojUl Cj^jii dywdn el 
ma'drif, Ministry of Public 
Instruction. iij%» ma'rafa, 
horse's mane. ojW 'drif, 
informed, acquainted, aware 
of, pi. 0^j\& 'arfyn; ojW li\ 
ana 'drif^ Iknow:Ju- ,.::^il 
tjojUW enta syd el "arfyn, 
you know best. ,jlj\f-l i'ti- 

rdf, confession. ^,jP ''O'^yf^ 
school-master, leader in a 
game, pi. o^j- 'irfdn. Jyj- 
dJbJl 'arf ed dyk, comb of 
a cock. Jjt hirfy^ private, 

^j^( Jj-1 ) 'f'^f'5 (Ji'^'(^Q), to 
perspire, sweat.j'_,t "arraq, 
to cause to perspire , cau- 
se to sweat. jjC ^araq , 
perspiration, sweat, wages. 
J\ijf- ^arqdn , perspiring. 
^ijf- 'arraqyja, skull-cap, 
pi. CjVjjt- 'arraqyjdt. JjC- 
'araqy, native whisky. J jm 
mu^arraq, diaphoretic. 

Jj^ 'ir^, vein, pi. J^jP urtiq; 
\^\ jjC-Hrq en nisa, scia- 
tica; s-.ii- jj«^ irq hasab, 
beam of timber; ^.^jIi JjP 
'iVfj' ecZ dahab, purgative 
plant; jjt. J».lj rdgil Hrq, 
a strong man (physically), 
w^'jft (w-.'j«J ) 'arqab, to pilfer, 
embezzle, abstract. aJ^p 
'arqaba, act of pilfering, 
embezzlement, abstraction. 




^^Jij-'^irqisiis, liquorice-water. 
Ci^3~'>f- 'irgisMs I/, liquorice- 
water seller. 

J»jp(J»j»l) ^arqal, to confuse, 
entangle. J9j»n ifarqal^ to 
be confused, entangled, ^i^- 
'arqaJxx, confusion^ entan- 

JjP 'araqy, see Jj«^ 

^j- 'arka, see iljlc 
t'j-{fy.i)''0'rram, to heap up, 
pile up. «j.« mu^arram, 
heaped up, piled up. (r^*) 
ta'rym, act of heaping or 
piling up. <»j- 'urma, heap, 
pile, pi. /»jt %ram. 
4-jjp ''ardsa, see ^jt 

ijjfr 'irwa, button-hole, i3i. 
(^jljP "ardwy. 

<^>(<^>l) 'ct^'^a. (ji'arry), 
to strip, ;^j*^| i'tara^ to be 
seized, afflicted. (^S^il War- 
ra, to be stripped, naked. 
{^>;. mit'arry, stripped, 
naked, ajj.! ta'ryja, act of 
stripping, jjli^p Hrjdn, 
naked, />i. Ujp 'ardja, <^jP 

'iry, native gown worn by 
men of the lower classes, 
pi. if\jt^\a'rdj. 

^,je 'arys, bridegroom, fiance, 
pi. cA^je-'irsdnA^}j>^ar{isa, 
bride, fiancee, girl of a 
marriageable age, doll, pi. 
j^JjP 'ardjis.^Jj^'ardjis, 
axle-guards, (t-jl jP 'O'rdjsy, 
nuptial, bridal. 

JL) jP 'ar^s, shaft of a carriage, 
pl. oUjp Hrsdn. J.^y\ eZ 
'arys, ElAriche. 

j^^jp'ar?/rf, and*Jijjft '^arysa, see 

yjiijc'aryf, see ^jP 

be dear, be rare; »_iIl^\ jp y* 
^p huwa 'azz el kitdb 
'anny, he refused me the 
book. j»il irCaxz^ or _yJI 
Wazz, to be loved. jj«'l 
ii'a^^i^', to make one's self 
dear, feign to refuse, hesi- 
tate. yi^\ ista'^azZy to 
estimate highly. » j». ma^az- ; 
5^a, love, affection, esteem. 




jp 'i^-^, glory, wealth, 
intensity; jp jjil ibn Hzs, 
one born in the purple ; j 
.Up _)t /"y 'i>^ gindh, in the 
height of his wealth ; y- j 
LJ\ /'t/ Hss es saba, in the 
flower of youth; l:il\ y- j fy 
Hzz es sita, in the depth of 
winter. y,y "azyz dear, 
rare, pi. j\y ''uzdz ; y,y. 
jj-iO\ 'a;r?/2' en na/l5, proud, 
of noble character ; >,jp 
i^}\ ^azys el ugCid, rare. 
yi a'azz, dearer, rarer ; 
t5.>Vjl jtl a'a^'^ awlddy, 
the dearest of my children; 
i^^U jc-1 a''azz el matogtcd, 
or j^^, U jpI a'a;r;r ma 
j{igad, the best there is. jlljc- 
'izzatlu, address of a Bey- 
I jp 'a^-a, see (jy 
^}\y.'izdl, see Jjf- 
ji^y^azabangy ,seQ t^^y.'ii'fta, hamlet, village, farm, 

pi. y^y Hzab. 
Cij:f- ■ O^y ( Cjjj^. ) it'azran, to 
be furious, enraged. C}jy^> 

mu'azran, or ojj^' mit- 
'azran, furious, enraged. 
iijy ^azrana, fury, rage. 
<jt<.lj_)p \izrdjyn, the angel 
of death. 
«i/(jj»') '0'SO,q (ji'^o,<l), to 
till the ground. jjiJl irCa- 
zaq, or jj«)*l it'azaq, to be 
tilled. Jj_y». ma'zdq, tilled, 
jjp 'a^rqr, tillage. «_)«. 
ma^zaqa, hoe, spade, pZ. 
jjU. ma'dziq, 
J»j^(J»j*), ) 'azqal, to cause to 
be elegantly or smartly 
dressed. J9j«>l it'azqal, to 
be elegantly or smartly 
dressed. J>j" mu^azqal, or 
J»j«:, mWazqal, elegantly 
or smartly dressed.4»jp 'a^_ 
gato, elegance in dress. 

jy^o-zqy, vessel in which, the 
coffee-pot is brought into 
the room in native houses. 

Jjp(Jj«j) 'azal (ji'zil), to 
depose ( an official ). Jy 
'^azzil, to remove to another 
liouse, shut up shop for the 


JLifr ( Ji.i«i ) "assis, to nest. Jl.i«« 
muassis, nesting. JLxiJ 
ta'^sys, act of nesting. JLp 'iss, 
nest^ />Z. ^^-i^ "usAs. ^Lt- 
'issa^ cottage, hut, pi. JLip 
jip( jijo ) 'isig' (ji'saq). to 
love passionately, ji^ '«s- 
sag', to join by tongue and 
groove* jiijl in^asag, or 
jijJI itasaq, to be loved 
passionately. i^ma'sa^, 
to love and be loved passion- 
ately. J if- 'zsg, passionate 
love. j-W '(tstg, lover, pZ. 
j\1p- ^ussdq; jiU 'dsig, a 
small bone ( with which 
native children play ). J^-i»« 
ma'^siiq, loved. «^«» ma^- 
sttqa, lady-love, mat tr esse, 
pl_ wU^i*. ma^suqdt; j^U 
J).L*») ^dsiq we ma^sAq, 
tongue and groove. ^^Ji^ 
ta^syq, mortise and tenon. 
zs- ( ^_ ) ^assim^ to give hope. 





it'^assim, to 

hopeful, ftf' "^asam, hope; 
ciAJ xtf- 4 loh "akim fyk, he 
is sure of your friendship. 
*ip'issa, seejLip 

jytf-^usdr, see jts. 
^Js- { ^j,tmiy assafj i^assy) , to cause 
tosup.j^yUI ifassa, to sup. 
(3,1.:. mifassy, one who 
supped, lif- 'as(X, supper, 
evening meal. »jift 'astoa, 
a supper, pi. c*\jLc- "aswdt. 'asyja, evening. *p 
'^assy, cook, pi. -u-le "ashy j a. 
\zs- 'isa, an hour after 
Up 'asa, or ajLp 'asdja^ cane, 
stick, pZ. ^^ ^tisy, or o^r**^ 
'^usjdiij or oU-sp 'asajdt. 

tjlafi' "as^dra, see^^p 

_^p ( ^-2«j ) "assab, to tie the 
head. >_^JI if^assab, to tie 
one's head, form a league, 
be fanatic. ^.-a-T ta\^yb, act 
of tying the head. ^^ 
ta'assub, formation of a 
league, fanaticism • a^ 
'asba, headkerchief, pl.^^ 


'asab, or oLap ^asbdt. **-ap 
^usba, or k~^ '"ussabyja, 
league, complot, band, pi. 
^^-ap "^usab, or C<1-^* ^ussa- 
byjdt. ^-af- 'usbagy, ring- 
leader, pi. K^c^At^'usbagyja. 
^asab, nerve,pZ. ^V^pI a'sdft. 
^jKip ^asaby, nervous. 

j.u»p(^paio) "asar (ju'^sur), to 
press, squeeze ; c^^. II vlJ^'' 
j~<ip| itballSt kcmma baqit 
a'sur, I was wet through 
and through. ^^1 in'asar, 
or j^Jl Wasar, to be pres- 
sed, squeezed. jy^ntma^sAr, 
pressed, squeezed, j^ip 'asr, 
or j^^ae-^asyr, act of pressing, 
squeezing ; j^,^ 'o,?yf, juice 
of fruit. ,jtac ^assdra, oil- 
press, pressing_machine, 
pi. sL>\J.Ac^assardt, 

jMf- ^asr, or aj j.^ 'asryja, after, 
noon ; *ij^f- *pL sd'ei 
'asryja^ in the afternoon ; 
juul\ ;^ qahwet el 'asr, 
afternoon coffee ; j-Ul ^U 
s4y ei 'asr, afternoon tea. 

,_jfl*^p ( jjA»-iio ) '^as'^as, or jj«1«p 
'aflas, to struggle. ^u»«.a& 
'as'asa, or 4-aUp '^aflasa, 

^yuap 'as'iib', end of the backbone. 
_yLaP 'usftir, safflower, cartha- 
mus tinctorius. 
jyi^t- 'asf&r, small bird, pi. jjiL^p 
^asafyr • 
^ ( va«j ) 'osam (jusum ), to 
guard against, give consti- 
pation. *^l in'asam, or 
^\Wasam,to be infallible, 
constipated. f>^*« ma^sAm, 
infalUble, constipated. **-«* 
Hsma, infallibility, chastity. 
jLw-ap Hsmatlu, chaste, 
address of a Princess, 
j^ [^^^ ^isy (ji'^sa), to disobey, 
rebel, revolt; Up ,^ ^isy 
''aUh, he rebelled against 
him.(>ift 'assa, to cause to 
disobey, cause one to 
change his mind. oW^ 
'ws/dnor 'asajdn, disobe- 
dience, rebellion, revolt, 
mutiny. ^W 'ds^y, or (^jL.** 



'asj'dn, disobedient, rebel ; 
4-jjJ.I j(. i^L^p j^)\ el walad 
^asjdn 'an el madrasa, the 
boy refuses to go to school. 
»juap 'asj/da, thick gruel made of 

hour, pi. jL.Uft 'asdjid. 
^.ae- '^asyr, see j^e. 

cj^(a**i) '^'^kf' (ju^udd), to 
bite. ijukJit ^ad'ad, to bite 
repeatedly, ^^.ol in'add, or 
jjkJI Wadd^ to be bitten, 
^ji^. ma'diid, bitten. j_^p 
Wd, act of biting. aJuuAp 
'acl'acla^ act of biting repea- 
tedly, iiip 'arfrfa, a bite, pi. 
^K^t-^adddt . jjiUp 'adddd, 
one who has the habit of 
biting, pi, i^Kjis-^addadyn. 

^ "adm, or -Up "iddm, bones, 
sg. A.c^^ '^adma, pi. oU^ 
^admdt ; «ia\\ J .:>IS^ kaldm 
fil 'adm, words which 
strike home. 

yod '-adu, member, pi. UpI aVZct. 

Ikp 'a(a, see Jip 

jVkp'a^^dr^see jLp 
ijlU 'atdrid, Mercury ( planet ). 

(^ijlkp J^lj M^rjZ ^atdrdy, i_ 
an ingenious man, jack of 
all trades. 
^J^!iap Htds, see ^^JaP 
wl»«^ ( wJa*l ) 'ft??a&, to rot, be 
spoiled. v_j^Li« ma't{ib, or 
^kw miCattab, rotten, 
spoiled, wkfr 'a(a6, rotten- 
Jas- ( jkio ) "attar, to perfume. 
jk»riii'a«tor,to be perfumed. 
JkuL» mu'attar^ or jk«:. mi7- 
"^attar, perfumed. _,kp 'ifr, 
(or j^'ifr ), perfume, otto, 
j>l. C>\jy^ 'uturdt; ij)\ Jaf- 
Htr el ward, otto, .jkp 
Htra^ for .jvc Htra), 
breed. j\kp 'a(((t;-, native 
druggist,/)^. Oijlkft "attar yn. 
»jlkp "itdra, drugs, profes- ' 
sionof druggist. 
^J^as■{ ,j-k«i ) 'i(is (Ji'tas ), to 
sneeze. ^_^kp "attas, to cause 
to sneeze, sneeze, sneeze 
repeatedly. ^jJLe- "ats, or 
ij.Vkp 'i7ds, act of sneezing. 
* 'aisa, a sneeze, ioi. 


wL.kc 'atsdt. 

jja.t.{ JJL^_^)'i( is (ji'tas), to be 
thirsty, p^ 'aUas, to cause 
to be thirsty. 'alas, 
thirst, cj^lks^'atsdn, thirsty, 
pi. t>yli.kft 'atsanyn. 

j^'atasgy* stolter, pi. '"^f"^ 

.-iJap . ._Akii:-l (c_a1»»:-j ) ista'^tOif^ 
to implore. «ikp '^dtfa, lane, 
pi. ^kc- '«(«/", or oUJaft 
^atfdt. >-»^Lt 'utHifatlu, 
His Excellency ( address of 
a Pasha holding the rank 
of Cabinet Minister). 
JU ( Jk.> ) 'i(i7 OT(ctZ;, or JkJI 
il'attal, to stop, be inter- 
rupted, be detained, jkp 
'atlal, to stop, interrupt, 
detain. Jk«:» mit'attal^ or 
O^lke ^atldn, stopped, inter- 
rupted, detained. J--kJ 
ta'lyl^ delay, interruption. 
Jkp 'a(i, delay, .^yke. 'a(ato, 
state of being without work, 
interruption; 4ykJ\/.l)l ayjdm 
el ^atala, holidays. 

j^kp ( ^^.) ) ^attan, to cause to 
be rotten or brackish, stink. 
J^»i\ it'attan, to be rotten 
or brackish. ^^k« mu^attan, 
rotten, brackish, stinking, 
■ukft ^atana, rottenness, 
brackishness, stench. 

J^^ ( >•! ) '«(«■ (Ji'(y)> .01" li':*' 
idda^to give; a) JaPl f^f/ Zo/i, 
or *kel i^tyh, or 4I .i 1 idcZj/ 
Zo/i, or ol idclyhj give 
him! (_^W»;i in at a ^ or JaJl 
it'cUa, to be given. Ja«t-t 
ista'ta, to beg, ask charity. 
i_^kWl it^dta, to take, under- 
take, exercise. Ja»:-i ^* 
oljji. huwa jistaHa maL, 
rubdt^ or ^l;j^i« J'^ _,» 

/ifuca jit'dta makrubdt, 
he is in the habit of drinking 
liquors. ^ki. mu'ty, one 
who gives, (tjod '. Ik* 'a(a, 
act of giving, charity; Vkp 
'a(a, offer, tender, pi i>\i\'Ls. 

'atawdt, or oi\kfr 'atad^. 

*,kp 'atyja, gift, pZ. \.\kp 




Up ( !i«) ) 'assam, to glorify, 
UJl ffa^^cim,to be glori- 
fied, magnified, praised, 
exaggerated, proud. !i»:>-l 
ista'zam, to consider great, 
consider too much. ^^ 
mu'azsam, or k^t' mWaz- 
zam, glorified, magnified, 
praised, exaggeratedji^jjAi:-! 
]^{\el hidSwy el m u'azzam, 
His Highness the Khedive. 
^kJ ta'sym, pomp, solem- 
nity, act of glorifying, ! 
praising. ^lis^'«^t/m,, great, 
magnificent, superb, good, 
pl.^\]kc- 'uzdm. jipl dzam, 
greater; lii^Vl jir"^ el bahr el 
a' Mm ,the Nile. ^J^t^'azama, 
glory ,dignity,pride, haugh- 
tiness, greatness. Ji.. ma'- 
zam, the greater part, the 
utmost, the majority, 
^p ( ^ni ) 'aff (jViff), to gather 
(insects). .JiV 'dfif, ga- 
j\ifi\ifdr, see jic- 

pUp 'a/"(Jrim,*bravol\velldonel 
sd.\c ^j\i(^^afdrim "aUk, you 
have done well 1 
^iP (^ y.i ) "affar^ to raise dust ; 
y«i U gfa ji'affar, he came 
in a fury. J\(^ 'dfir, io strug- 
gle, use violence. jWl 
it'affar, to be covered with 
dust. ji« mu'affar, or ji«:» 
mit'affar, covered with 
dust, j^i.) ^aYj/r, act of 
raising dust, ojo "afara, or 
jViP 'u/(ir, dust ;,jipL;j5led 
dmya 'afara, the weather 
is dusty. ,y\». mu'dfra, 
struggle, violence, pl.i.\j\'^ 
mu'afrdt. ■ 
Ojip ( o>i ) 'a/^mt, to irritate, 
enrage; ^J.M'^ ^J^ 'afrat 
eZ/"aZ^<s, he squandered the 
money. OyJl ifafrat,tohe 
irritated, enraged, wicked, 
naughty, romp about. Oy*- 
mu^afrat, or z>ji»r-'mit'af- 
rat, irritated, enraged, 
wicked, naughty, i'jip 'af- 
rata, rage, wickedness. 


naughtiness, act of romping 
about. Oiji^ 'afryt, devil, 
demon, satan, ghost, spirit 
of a dead person, pi ^.^Ut 
'c^faryt ; ^.^ l^i ^^\ el 
fiilds fyha 'afryt, money 
slips through one's fingers; 
Oiyt A, waked 'afryt, a 
naughty boy,a cunning boy; 

toe arga' zaj el 'afryt, I 

will go and come back in 

no time. <^,Ji(-"afryta, rage, 

fury, traversing or screw_ 

jack, pi ^U,y<. 'afrytdt ; 

^■'lS^ w«^1' II lamma tilet 

^afryttoh^ when he became 

exasperated, when he lost 


u^*" ( J-'". ) 'affts, to collect 

useless things,throw things 

about. jLu.r ta'fys, act of 

collecting useless things, 

throwing things about. JLip 

'a/'.s, baggage, luggage, fur- 



'ifls, untidy. 

ijoAe-'afs, gall-nut. 

li'" ( (i*«i ) '«/"a<7 (ji'faq ;, see 

(j^li«^ ( ^i^_ ) 'a/?a.9, see ,_^,^c 
u"^ ( a*"i ) '«/'/'«/i. to bo putrid, 
decayed. j>i.r to /t/n, rotten- 
ness, putrifaction. ji« mu- 
'affin, putrid, decayed, 
stale, ^yp 'uf{ina, rotten- 
ness, decay, bad smells, 
miasma; ^;yji j,^. ^^^.^^^ 
e^ 'ufAna^ disinfectant. 
*-^ ''/"/a^chastity.honesty. ^y^ 
'afAf^ or ^,ip 'a/',/;'^ chaste, 
honest, one who does not 
accept bribe. 
J*" ( j-1 ) 'afa iji'fy ), to for- 
give, pardon, exempt; b^ 
^■■^ J., rabbina ji'fy 'art- 
nak, may God grant you 


recovery I Ij jij.\| 
i'fyny min es sag I <la, do 
not charge me with this 
work ! JW 'dfa , to give 
strength. jUl i t'df a, io gixin 
strength, recover health. 
j^-l ista'fa, to ask to be 



excused^ resign, o >»"M 
iCafwin, to get strong, to 
use violence. Jl«:» mifdfy, 
strong, healthy. j«. ma'fy, 
or Jl« mudfa, exempted. 
y{- 'a /'a forgiveness, pardon; 
cjju-l yjl el "afu ja sydy^ 
I beg your pardon, Sir! 
A.»W 'dfj'a, good health, 
strengfh ; di-U ajU 'd^ya 
'a/^/f, well done I ajUI. feiZ 
'dfja, by force, with vio- 
lence. 4.; y'e'a/M; ma, strength, 
violence, jt 'a/"^, strong, 
powerful li.:-l isti'fa, 
resignation. \ie-\ Vfa, or oUU. 
muafd^ exemption. 

^i«i '«/"«//", sec iif- 

«_,Uc 'iqdb, see ^Slc 

jISc- 'aqqdd, see jSc 

jlip'fgdr, landed property, pZ. 
w'jUc Hqardt ; (ijl5J\ idi:J\ 
eZ 5tt/i/c el 'iqdry, land 
mortgage bank, credit 

JUe- "uqdl, see jSc 

^«fr '?ig&, end, extremity, rem- 

nant, pi. s_.Ufrl a^qdb. ^ic 
'aqhj hinge of a door. 

4jp ^aqaba, ship decorated with 
flags, etc. used on the festi- 
vity of the opening of the 

Xip ( J.J-) > 'aqad ( ji'qid or 
j'u'qud), to tie a knot, 
congeal ; i»j^ I»jj& ^aqadu 
surAt, they made an agree- 
ment, they passed a contract; 
4.J\ j^ac- 'aqad en nyja, he 
made up his mind. j.5p 'ag- 
qad, to tie one knot after 
another. j3.!I in'aqad^ or 
jlZJi it'aqad, to be tied into 
a knot, assemble ; J.3«il ^^-li^l 
elmaglis in'aqad, the court 
met. aTJi it'aqqad, to be 
tied into many knots, com- 
plicated. si'.f.^ i'taqad, or 
Ji4«:-I ista'qad, to believe 
in ; ^»:~'l, ji2:,) Il^I j/inrt ni- 
tiqid bil sihr^ we believe in 
magic, j^s.. ma^q{id, tied. 
J.*., muaqqad, knotty, 
complicated, -i**.)' ta'^qyd. 



act of making knots, com- 
plication. jl;p -aqd, act of 
tying a knot, passing a 
contract; j^sp 'aqd, arcii, 
vault, arcade, act, contract, 
pl-^t'f-'uqM; ^,\.j,-^'aqd 
rruXjil, askew arch, oblique 
arch.,j;t 'uqda, knot, joint, 
inch, pl Aa;, ^g-titrf, or^Uje 
hiqddt ; ,aap t5j dy 'uqda, 
this is a hard nut to crack. 
. JSp'a5'c?a.^parcel,bundle, pZ. 
Z.\xii.'aqddt,x.^\iqd, neck- 
lace.p^.ii^pia'gttd. :»i5:pi r^L 


creed, dogma, pi. cl^UicI 

i'tiqaddt, or w'aJ\. m«=- 

taqaddt ; .a^U w'^U'it 

i'tiqaddt fdsda, super.sti_ 

tions. j>fsfr 'aqqdd, maker of 

silk cords, or tassels, pi. 

Ci.i^'^'^'aqqadyn. jUjI in'i 

qdd, act of assembling, 


j^f >i ) 'a^ar (ju'qur )^ to 

bite. _,a,j| irCaqar^ or jj 

it'aqar^ to be bitten, j^j.. 

ma'-qtir , bitten. ^Sp 'orgr^ 
act of biting. ,^se. 'a^ra, 
a bite, pi ^l^t "aqrdt. 
^jie-'aqrab, or 4,yP 'aqraba , 
scorpion, pi. ^j\i<> 'aqdrib ; 

hand of a clock. 
ja<^ ( >i ) 'agaZ ry^g/Z ), to tie 
the feet of a camel, etc. Ji& 
'iqil, to be wise, jst 'ag_ 
qa-l , to inspire wisdom. 
J2.!l inaqal, or JiJl jY - 
'agaZ, to be tied. Ji.)\it'-aq^ 
qal, to reason, be inspired 
with wisdom. J2.:^| ista'- 
qal, to consider wise. JjS„ 
ma'qW, tied. Jit 'agZ, act 
of tying. J;J ta'aqqul, con- 
ception, act of reasoning. 
^.Ui ta'-qyl^ act of inspiring 
wisdom. Jsc ag/^ mind, 

reason, intelligence, intellect, 
pl Jji^ 'wg^Z; Jjt ^1:^1 
asndn 'aql, wisdom teeth • 
.-v; Jc 4^-p J:vlj rdgil 'aqloh 
'ala qaddoh, a man whose 
wits can be trussed up in a 




nut shell ; 42«> J5«^ jA/'i U ' 
mO'CCmils ^aqly bi ^aqloh, 
I will not act as foolishly as 
he did, I will not take him 
seriously ; ^^. 4:>-l9- J^'^ U 
dli.Je ma ti^mils hdga min 
''aqlakj do not act on your 

own initiative 1 J \\i 

Aili JlP qdl fy 'aql bdloh, 
he said to liimself ; jlt 4^ 
"aqloh tdr, he flew into a 
rage ; J«i i^ ikkallim bi 
'aql, talk sensibly ! J5le 
'dqil, wise, intelligent, pZ. 
":^eC' ^uqala. '"^ip ^aqlan, 
by improvisation, J^s«4 
ma^qul, comprehensible, 
intelligence. JIsp 'ag^Z, foot- 
roi)e,kufyja cord, pZ. oV^St 
Hiqaldt. <d«p 'uqla, knot in 
bamboo or cane, knuckle, 
pZ. Jst 'u^aZ. 

Aijefi "uqdba, see ^5\«. 

ij.Se- ^aqyq, cornelian. 
tj^e- Hkdra, see jS 

j^ hikkds, sec _^ 

1^ ^akkdm. see 


jCp ( jCi ) 'akkar, to trouble 
( water, etc. ); j_^:i l^jCc^ "a/c- 
karu dammy, or j^* j. IjJCp 
^akkaru mazdgy, they 
annoyed me. jCil iCakkai\ 
to be troubled. jC». mu^ak- 
kar , ov ^icj> miCakkar , or 
JCp 'Z/£iV, troubled^ full of ; 
dregs; >f.t-'(.-mayja 'ikra, ; 
muddy water ; jC a^-Ij. , 
mazdgoh mu''akkar, he is 1 
indisposed, he is out of | 
temper. jS^^i ta'kyr, act of f 
troubling. .jW ^ukdra, 
dregs, sediment, impurities, 
o SCc-( oJ^») 1 "akrat* to act the 
procurer. «.;jCc- ^akrata , 
act of procuring. O^jCc^ 
^akrdt, cuckold, procurer, 
scoundrel, pZ.j^j^'aZcaryZ. 
jXp.^Cjl ( _)C«i ) ifakkiz , to 
lean on, use crutches. _^.i. 
mW'akkiz , one who is 
leaning on, using crutches. 
j^Cf ta'kyz, act of using 
crutches. J^c ^ukkds or 




.J^ 'ukkd^ttj crutch, pi. 
jf'^t- ^akakys^ or ^\j^e- 

(j-^ ' o^< ) '<^^^s (Ji^fiis), to 
reverse. ^jS^\c ^dkis, to 
tease, oppose^ annoy, bully, 
counteract. ,_;jC»ii inakas, 
or ,j^\ iCakas, to be 
reversed, ^f^ ma^kiUs, 
reversed, ^t. '~a/cs, reverse, 
contrary; ,^-01, bii 'a/cs, on 
the contrary, vice versd. 
A._^« mti^dksa, act of teas- 
ing, pZ. viljTl., mu^aksdt. 
5^ ( M ) ciho-T^ ( ju'kum ) , to 
take hold of; a^l:^ a:* ^ 
'a/cam minnoh gin4 , he 
defrauded him of a pound, he 
obtained a pound from him 
on false pretences. r\cj»-ljr(t. 
gil 'dkim, a wealthy man. 
a'^c- 'akkdm, waiter (one 
who carries food from the 
kitchen to the dining-room 
in Turkish houses),pi. uj'SC^ 

J^ia'^i) "^aknin, io cause to 

be unhappy or indisposed ; 
[^c fj^^e- 'aknin ^aUha, he 
made her unhappy, he of- 
fended her. t>^xJI it'aknin, 
to be unhappy, indisposed. 
j\Xm.» mu'^aknin, or ijl)>j»i» 
mifakniTij unhappy, indis- 
posed A-^e-'aknina^ unhap- 
piness, indisposition, 
jp ( Jio) 'all (jiHll ), to botlier, 
annoy, disgust. JU 'allll^ 
to prove. J^ I in'all^ or J«)'l 
Wall, to be bothered, an- 
noyed, disgusted. jUl it- 
'allil, to make excuses; jUl 
vl:<j\ Jc ieallil 'alalkiidb, 
he found fault with the book, 
he refused the book. JjL. 
ma^ldl, sick, patient, poorly, 
pi. JJU. na'alyl. aIc Hlla , 
reason,defect, excuse, sick- 
ness, pi. jW'itoi. ^ita'lyl, 
assignment of reason. 

r^c'ildg^ see IV 
^j ^ ^alldf^ see wJiU 

*»:iU'ii4q'a, see j,\c 

ili^fr'aZWAc, seedil* 




A.»'^t-''alAma, see U 

tiJ^p''aldwL%, see Jc 
i^t-Hlha, casket^ small box, tin, 

can, pi. ^6 'ito&. 
c^Vf. ( ,Jjj ) 'aZa/' f jVlif), to 
feed animals. ^UU in^alaf, 
to be fed. ^jl« maHdf, 
well-fed. ._ilc ^alaf, hay, 
fodder, forage. ^% 'alldf, 
forage-seller, pi. «;iL 'al- 
Idfa, or cfr'^'^ "allafyn. 
(i^ ( J^ ) '«"^J?, (yj'tog), to 
stick to, hang to. j\c 'ai- 
tog, to hang up; j Jj:.! jlc 
-u.y\ 'allaq elljH fit 'ara. 
byja, harness the horses 
to the carriage! x^^\ Jc j\c 
''allaq ^alal lahma, put the 
meat on the fire I Jj jW 
"allaq HI humdr, feed the 
donkey 1 j^JI Wallaq, to be 
suspended, hanged up. j\.«. 
mu^allaq^ suspended, han- 
ged up. j.i«' ta^lyq, act of 
hanging up; ji»* a-'M Wm- 
het to^j/g', suspension lamp. 
ii% "ildqa, relation, con- 

nection, pi. ^\)% Hlaqdt. 
i}% 'illdqa, thing with 
which an article is suspend- 
ed, pi. ^\i% "illaqdt. 
jJLj ta''alyq, decoralions 
( flags, lanterns, etc. ) in 
native festivities. jU taal- 
laq, the property of, 
belonging to. 'aZt/g, 
forage, pi, ^y% "aldjiq. 
ijlc 'alqa, hiding, punish_ 
meni, pi. J\.c 'tilaq, or oUlc 
%lqdt; 0^ iilt "alqet 
kaldm, or 4i^ l.i\c ''alqet 
safah^ a strong reprimand. 
asU. mu^allaqa, pretext, 
pretence, excuse, pi. ^\z\m.. 
j\f-'alqam, colocynth. 

^^iU .Jl[,^\{Ja[m.v)it''alqan,io have 
the manners of a catamite, 
behave in an effeminate 
manner. x:i\c "alqana^ effe- 
minacy, jic ^ilq, catamite , 
pi. jJ'C' 'ulAq. 

liU-ft ( ^i\i.»> "> 'alak (jvlik), to f' 




chatter, talk too miich, talk 
confusedly. dilc'aZ/c, chatter, 
act of talking too much, 
talking confusedly. i\% 
^alldk, chatter-box, talka. 
tive, pi. c^'^ 'allakyn. 
]ft Q.j) "ilimfji'lam)^ to know. 
U 'allim, to teach, mark, 
sign a letter Id a'lam, to 
inform. Ulii'aZZtm^to learn, 
be marked, be signed. l»i^\ 
ista'lim, to inquire, ascer- 
tain. i\c ^dlim, learned, 
savant:, scholar, pi. Uc 
hilama. i.\.\c "Alma, canta- 
trice, pi. |ii^p "awdlim. * jl» 
ma ICim , known, certainly, 
of course; *jIm j^C jakCin 
ma'l&m, let it be knownl 
liJi.^.. of-i juk&n ma'lti- 
mak, you must know. 
information. \c'ilm, science, 
knowledge, pi. »^c \iUim ; 
JL_^ U ma Hlmysj I am not 
aware ; diic \c 'aki Hlmak, 
as you are aware ; di^t Jc 

'ilmy 'ilmak, I know (of 
tliis case ) as much ( or as 
little) as you do; Ic 'iZm, 
note, memorandum, pi, »%] 
a'^ldm ; j^i- \c 'Urn hahar^ 
receipt ; >J.l. It "ilm taUxb, 
summons. iW "dlam, the 
universe, people; j-^^^'' 
nds '^dlam, crowds of 
people. Jc 'alym, learned, 
wise. JUc 'ilmdny, layman, 
secular, pi. j^sUc '^ilmany- 
jyn. ^Uf taHym, or j.>ic 
'aldm, teaching, education, 
instruction, drill, pi. cl^vUT 
ta'lymdl ; o\j.V«) tdlymdt^ 
instructions. ^/t^»' ta'lymgy, 
instructor, riding-master, 
pi. iJtc^ talymgyja. Aiis-:^* 
pi. olilit-V taHym/jandt. 
L. mu'^allim, teacher, fore- 
man, pZ. 0\J.«. muallimyn; 
^^^\ X^jSt madraset el 
miC allim yn ,^ovmn\ school; 
li \«* mu^xUim banna, 
master mason. *.^ 'aldma. 




sign, mark, signature, pi. 

sar'y^ judgment pronounced 
by tlie mahkama sar'yja. 

J* * ij^' (aW) ^'^^^ O'J'^^'^ /', '^o 
make known, declare, pub- 
lish, advertise. ^^ mu'^lan, 
made known, declared, 
published, advertised. c^^c\ 
iHdn, notice, advertisement, 
pi. wl'i^ci i'landt. lie 'alcL. 
nan, publicly. 

jlf. ^ilu, sheaf of grass or 
clover, pi. f^^ a'ldio. 

Jc ( J»i ) "ily (ji'la), to rise, 

soar, be high ; a-Ic j-'^'i '-• 

maji^lds ^alih^ nothing can 

be better ; J'.' -ujI aZid/i 

to'dto,God the Most High. Jc 

''alia, to raise. J-H if alia, to 

be raised, elevated. J«:-l is- 

ia'to, to rise, consider high. 

j\e. "ulu, height. <ilo ta^lyja, 

act of raising. J\c 'ttZt/, 

* t 
high, sublime; JWj.l amr 

'dif/, Khedivial Decree ; 

JU\ J.JJ1II ed ddr el 'dly. 

the upper floor ; ^^r— ^ 
JW i^jC—s. maglis ^aska- 
ry 'dly, general court 
martial. o>^c ^aldwa, in- 
crease, allowance, surplus, 
/)i. oIj!j^c 'alawdt. JU 'ciZ, 
grand, excellent, first rate, 
best quality ; JU\ JU 'c^Z eZ 
'dZ, far and away the best, 
(i^ HlWwy, higWy. Vjic 
'alawla, at random, one 
Willi the other Ic'ato.on. 
upon, over, against, to, 
about; 'J; %layja, on me ; 
viiJcJJ J/l rmi7 illy 'alik^ 
do your duty ! Ji-'Jc'a- 
toj/ja sM^i, I am busy, I 
liave to work ; 4.1:^ -it 
^alihum kitdba, they have 
to write ; wdic <ij 4i^^ e^' 
sugla dy 'alek, you should 
look after this business ; 
4j1 Jc 'a to ^, why? for what 
reason? < ^* l» Jc ^ala ma 
huwa ^aUh^ as he was, he 
has not changed ; ^ U ^ ^ 
'a to ma Jigy, until hej 



comes ; 'jc ^^U gdj ^alayja, 
he is coming towards me 
or against me ; ■vi\ Jc 'ala 
ato, trust in God I |.^-)^ 


^alikum es saldm, peace 
be witii you 1 (j\» Ic 'ala 
fSn, where lo ? ^j_j. dUc 
ajI Ij 'al^k min da bi i^ 
why should you give 
yourself the trouble I.jrjUl Jc 
'ato lngiUza,a VAnglaise; 
IjS^Jc 'dla keda, or ilSi Jc 
^ala .7dlik, for this reason, 
therefore ; ^.)c I. ma 'cti^s, 
it does not matter! never 
mindl viU ^Jc 'alayja lak, 
I owe you ; J <tX\c. 'alik ly, 
you owe me ; *Ac J dUI 
iA/ft/ ly ^al^h, tell me all 
about him! 4.ic 4j,-i «jp-Vl 
el ugra suivayja 'aleh^the 
fare is too little for him ; JU 
i^l^AilJi qdl 'ala innoh 
'ayjdn, he said he was sick; 
x«^\ Jc 'alal 'yd^ at feast 
time ; <:» J^c \* ma 'aUks 
minnoh, take no notice of 

himl do not mind him! 
^}■^t■'^alyq, see jU 

*/• ( c»l ) 'o"^'^ (ji'imm ), to be 
general, universal, i/^ ^am- 
mim, to cause to be general 
or universal, tie a turban 
for one. »*M Wammim, to 
tie on's turban . •^"tniCam- 
mfm,turbaned. ^»J ta^mym, 
act of causing to be general 
or universal. Ac ^dm, or ^y^ 
^umCim, or ^y/" ^umdmy , 
general, universal, public; 
^[}\ |.y^ 'umum en nds, or 
^\.-S\ i.'c 'dmmet en nds, the 
general public. C^ 'umu- 
man, generally. 4..'J\ el 
amma^ the masses. ajT 
'im/na, turban,joi.^ 'imam. 

'^'amm, paternal uncle, fa- 
ther-in-law, pl.^\^\a'mdm ; 
4/ yl afea 'ammoh, nick- 
name of the natives of Upper 
Egypt. 4»«i 'amma, paternal 
aunt,pZ. oU 'ammdt, 

\f. 'ama, see ^^t. 
i\f-'imddj sec J.^^^ 




j\f-'^aindr, see j^t. 
^\f- "umds, see (_,&/■ 

i}\f-^ammdl,see J/ 

,)\e-'^amdwa, see j^ 

jU.t(Ji/>'l) "ammid, io baptize. 
jLc^l Ctamad, to rely upon, 
intend, sanction, approve; 
jij\ \c tjLC^I Vtamadna 
"alal safar, we determined 
to travel. ■X/^\ it'ammid, 
to be baptized. ji_c" 
muHamad, to be relied 
upon, trustwortliy, sanc- 
tioned, approved, delegate, 
representative, pi. ^m:*' 
muHamadyn. A***' mifam- 
m id, baptized, jl^t' iHimdd, 
reliance, confidence, sanc- 
tion, approval, credit ( mo_ 
iiey),p^. oliljs^* iHimaddt. 
ji-v' ta'myd, or :>{(■ Hmdd, 
or *>.>^' ma^mudyja, bap- 
tism U«^ 'amdan, or a.UU; 
hiVdmid, intentionally, on 
purpose. i^.\& "amdd, co- 
lumn, pillar, pi. A..\^p 'awa- 
mydj or s>i\f-'^amawyd, or 

.jl/1 a^mida, or (:jljt/ 'im- 
d^^; ifj^^'^^'^iy^^ctrn^d es 
sawdry; Pompey's pillar; 
JTl iy\c ^amud akl, porte- 
manger ; (ii,='c Jai- 6a(i 
^amddy, perpendicular line; 
jyp^_^ '^"?? ^o^f^^d, pilaster. 
tJ..^ 'umda, notable ( of a 
village ), pi. -i-^ 'f^mad; 
iXi^ 'dmil 'timda, he gives 
himself airs. 
j^e. { y^i ) Hmir (Ji'mar)^ to 

be inhabited, y^ 'ammar, 
to inhabit, repair; aJjl:.\\j,^ 
'ammar el bundtiqyja, he 

loaded the gun. j^\ 
ifammar\ to be inhabited, 

repaired. j^<** ma'm&r^ 
inhabited; j^^' j.,.. bH ma'-, 
m^/r, haunted house, jf^mu.. 
'^ammar, repaired, loaded. 
j.U'(imJr, inhabited; juJ\j.UJ 
'dmir elb^t, iiouse serpent.' 
^/•■' to'm?/r, act of repairing.] 

i-iA:J^ ij^^ ia'myret el] 
bunduqyja, rifle-load. ,j^ 
'amra^ repairs, pi. olj«* 




"amrdt iSj^ mi'^mdry, 
appertaining to the art of 
building ; cSjl-^* u"^ t' "^"~ 
handismi^mdry, architect. 
j\f- "amdr, land on which 
houses are built, houses ; U 

j^'- (i-:. J-^ "^'^^ fy^ 
binhum 'amdr, they are 

at daggers drawn. ,j\f. 
''imdra, construction, buil- 
ding, pi, -Llj\.«^ Hmardt, j*.p 
himr, age, lifetime, pi. j\^\ 
a'nidr; a'^ iijt^'umrak kdm 
how old are you ? j^ iJ^^p 
^^* himrak in filiht, you 
will never succeed ; U ify^s- 
i.-'f iimry ma kallimtoh , 
I never spoke to him; tij^c- 
a;P jIjI ''umry inn kallimioh^ 
I shall never speak lo him 
again; ^JS^y*'! ji,^:ii U ma 
suftiis el 'uiiir kulloh, I ne. 
ver saw him in my life; y"^l 
till Ji^lal^ el 'umr el tawyl 
lak^ I wish you long life! 
( to be said to one who has 
just lost a relative); j>^ ^ 

nui^s ^umr, half-worn out, 
serviceable, second-hand. 

J.^ 'amas, blearness, blindness; 
J.'^^'^i ^}:^\j rdgil hiVamas, 
a wretched man, a worthless 
fellow. j,^\ a'mas, blear- 
eyed, blind, fem. li*> 
^amsa,pl. j.^ 'ums, 

<jfl.*.p ( ,_^*^. ) 'ammas, to have 
white matter in the eye. 
^\.ft 'umds^ discharge of 
the eye. 
J*^ ( J»*i) 'amal (ji'm il), to do, 
make; (^",-5 J.»-c- 'amal we 
saiiwa, he did this and that ; 
A; *o-)j ^^'^amal rdhoh nd- 
Jim, he feigned to be asleep; 
4J.-J- aSc J*> 'amal 'alih 
hyla, he played him a trick, 
he duped him ; l^. J*j«i tjSj 
J.i iJlJ ta^kara Ju^mal 
biha tamdnjet ayjdm, 
ticket available for eight 
days ; 4^ \ J*.e- ^amal bi 
a/cto/i, he earned his liveli- 
hood ; v_*l:SC\» J *.:>- aJ J,^ 
'amal loh ginc fit kildb^ho 




offered him £ 1 for the book; 


nafsy "amalet, I 

have the nausea ; jij- J*^ 
'amal 'arbagy, he became 
a coachman. J^p ^ammil, 
to have whitlow. J«W- "dm il, 
to treat, transact business 
with another. J* iriamal^ 
or J«..ri Wamal, to be done, 
made. J*U'l it'dmil, to be 
treated. J*.«:u.l ista'mil, to 
use; iV J V J*.«:-J ^» huwa 
jista'milelawldd,he is a 
pederast. J4\c '(tmii, doing, 
making ; <<>-\y>- ^}'\c ^ huwa 
'dmil liawdga ^he considers 
himself a gentleman, he 
gives himself airs ; J*\p 
'(JmiZ, workman, labourer, 
pi. ^}\f■ "ummdl. J^**. 
nw^mdl, made, manufac_ 
tured, kind of Syrian cake ; 
*. J.>-»-»' oy'^* qanAn ma^miil 
boh, a law in vigour. J*p 
'amal, work, act, deed, pi. 
J\^l a'mdl; 4^1 J*J\eZ "amal 
S, what is to be done? J^-lj 

J^SjAcrdgifaUh el'amal 
a man of importance, a man 
to be relied upon. ^J.*-^ 'amla, 
an act, a deed, pi ^S-^e. 
'amldt, or Ji\^ 'amdjil ; 
*:Lj»i »/^_« miskdh bl 
'amlitohj he was cought 
en flagrant delit ; Jil«-J*.ft 
"amal "amdjil^ he commit- 
ted all sorts of offences. 
J*^ ^wj rasm "amaly, 
plan made to scale. 4._i*> 
"amalyja, work, operation, 
corv6e, pl.zJ^^" amalyjdt; 
>i,Uu.J\ l^jX> madrasei el 
'amalyjdt, school of arts 
and trades, ^coZe des arts et 
metiers. Jl.p'a7>im^i,work_ 
ing, one in the act of doing ; 
jTl J\^p Vil ana 'ammdl 
bdkul, I am eating ; J\.c l;tj 
jn, wana "ammdl bdkul, 
while I was eating. J«.». 
ma'mai, factory, distillery, 
pi. J.I*. mja^dmil ; 4-\ } J*«. 
mammal firdh, incubatory 
oven. J.. a« niaammil, 



having matter or pus. J^:«. 
miista'mil, used, second- 
hand.sleersman,/)^. ^{^^, 
musta'm Uyn.^:.^,mu'dmla, 
business, behaviour, treat- 
ment ; 4. U.m« 'dm to, or J^t. 
'umla, cash, coin. JL^| 
istVmdl, use, employment 
a!,^ 'umula^ commission 
I ercentage,welLmade ; ^..y 
^y-f- gazma 'umula, a 
stout pair of shoes. ^^ 
O'Tnyl^ commission agent, 
representative, correspon. 
dent, pi. ^^p himahx. 
cs^ ( cs^i ) 'imy (ji'ma ; , to be 
blind;^Pll^,/;,jV ^^_ 

n^a ' Wf/,he got dead drunli; 
<-^"^* 0* (/-'=■ 'imy min es 
sugl, he was exhausted with 
work. ^ 'am a, to cause to 
be blind ; UL. \,[S[ u ga 
jikahhalha 'amdha, he 
made things worse. ^| 
in'ama, or ^| Wama, to 
be blinded, ^^ma'rny, or 
oU*^ 'amjdn, blinded. I/. I 

V<wa,or.jl^ 'amd tea ,blind_ 
ness. ^c| a'ma, blind, fem. 
Up 'am/a, /)Z. ^ 'imy^ or 
o^:^ '«m/"d/i j y I, j^ ft^^ j,7 
'ama, a worthless house. 
JU-^ Hmjdny, blindly, 
J-*j^ VtmyZ, see J^ 

6^'«'i, of, about, than,instead; 
■^i' o^ <^kallimtoh 'an ^, 
what did you tell him about? 
<uc^sj faqyr 'annoh, poorer 
thanhe;^pji^| if id 'anny, 
leave me alone 1 j.y„ I. ;na 
'annAs, it does not matter I 
vL.;^ dkt U ma 'annak g^t, 
or ^^ ^:p V to 'a/jnaAr ^^f^ 
I don't care whether you 
come or not 1 
wUp'/n/id6, jujube_tree, fruit of 

the jujube_tree. 
jlui 'inddj see j^ 
wit 'ina6, grape, vine, sg, *^ 
'inaba,pl,^l:{, Hnabdt; ^ 
wjjII ma6 ed dt/6, goose- 
berry; ^pj^^ ivaraqHnab, 
grapo leaves. 




jc.e-'^anbar , ambergris, maga- 
zine, store, hull of a ship, 
pi, j\:s' ^andbir; ^J\ j}^ 
jbJki-1 'andbir es sikka el 
hadyd, railway workshops. 
^jUP 'anbargy , holder 
(nav. )jpl.^j<:jc-'^anbargyja. 
Lfjy.o ^anbary^ Curasao. 
(^jUt ^antary, ladies' vest, pi. 
oj[:fi 'andira. 

^ ( Jr'- ) 'cingar, to wear the 
head dress askew, cock up 
the head dress. _^\ Wan- 
gar, to be worn askew, 
cocked up. j^" mu^angar^ 
askew, cocked up. 

jl!p(auj) '^inid ( ji^nad), or 
jjlc \inid, to oppose, resist, 
be obstinate. JuUIl Wdnid, 
to be opposed, resisted. AiU:. 
mti'(^ /I id,opposed, resisting. 
jjs- 'ind, or ^Ve- Hndd, 
opposition, resistance, obs- 
tinacy ; Aull bil Hnd, 
purposely, intentionally, out 
of spite ; 4J Ji.:«Sl \m J*^ 
^amal keda bil Hnd fyh^ he 

did this to spite him. julp 
^anyd, or (iX't 'inady, or 
jJlw mudnidj obstinate, pi. 
A^jtLP Hnadyja, or jiJ^'^" 
x.e- 'and, with, at, near ; (ixp 
^andy^ with me, I have ; 
C^\ J t5A:& ^andy fil bit, 
ches moi ; A.i i\x.(- 'andak 
i, what have you gotf o^ 
(^A'.fr kdn 'andy, I had ; \* 
J^lXifi ma ^andys, I have not 
got; iJA:p ^<.» (ijl izsaj myn 
'^andakj how is your 
family ? »Ji.tP J Z</ ^andoh, 
he owes me ; (^J^^c^ a! loh 
'andy, I owe him ; »i.J\ Jiy^ ' 
'and el bit, near the house ; 
olTjUJ IV^and ed dukkdn, « 
as far as the shop ; j. ,.1^ 
,Ji:e g'^i min 'andoh,l come 
from his part; ijjizp b-l 
istanna ^andak ,^io^ where 

you are 1 

U> iSXf^ 

"andy keda ahsan, I consi- 
der this best, I prefer this ; 
v_»ji ^.jjutU j» huwa ma 



^anclAs kiclb, he does not 
tell lies ; iJ Ju«i j^. 40-U JLlo- u 
magibtis hdga min^andak, 
you said nothing new. xp 
p3lj\ 'and el lusiim,, when 

tys- ""anzah, see »yj, 
.j-^c- ( Jl Jo- ) ^ansara (hadd el), 

3k:p(jk:»)) 'ctnto^, or jkliJI 
i^'anto^, to be haughty, 
arrogant, lofty. jLl.. ma'an. 
(a^, haughty, arrogant, 
lofty, .jklfr ''aniaza, haugh_ 
tiness, arrogance loftiness. 
^ye■'inq, peduncle, pi. jlUI 

iyV.t.'^anqild, bunch, cluster, joZ. 
Ju»1:p "anaqyd. 
sZ^yfjit-^ankab&t^ spider, spider's 

C)yf-{ oy-'l ) ^ctnwin, to address 
(a letter). o>'«''' W'anwin, 
to be addressed, ^yju, mu- 
"^anwin, addressed. Aiyp 
'anwina, act of addressing. 
jjlyp 'inwdn, address of a 


letter, /)Z. ^liiyip 'inwandt. 
6^ ( ij-i ) '«^tt (Jany or jVny), 
to mean; j^.) ja'n«/,itnQeans, 
that is to say;4j| jio ja'^ny 
e, what does it matter ? 
li*_^» jio jany huwa hena, 
I wonder if he is liere ! a.! ^^ 
(^.j *i^,j\ja'nyi ez zHa dy, 
what is this noise for? ^\ 
iHana, to be careful. 
^y^^\ ista'na^ to be careful, 
give importance, consider ; 
j^ j.ll«:_iU y% huwa ma 
jista^nds bi hadd, he cares 
for no one. ^^«. ma''na, 
meaning, sense, pi. jL. 
ma'dny ; ^»4 J.) U J;i saflfZ 
ma lAs ma'na, useless work; 
A«^^^. ma^na kahXmoh, 
he means to say ; j^m Jbl 
ikmVnd^ why? what for? 
»^:p ''inwa, or a-ip "inja, 
purposely, intentionally ; 
o Aup U'T' J/ 'amaZ /ceda 
'inya fyhjhe did this to spite 
him. l:»;-l Isti'na, care, 
importance, consideration. 




jL;:fr '^anyd, see s-s- 

aiKie- 'innyn^ impotent. 

Ji^p C A^.^ ) '^ahad (jihid), to 
charge, enjoin. jl»U 'dhid, 
to make an agreement with. 
-A^afl Wahhad, to engage^ 
undertake, a^u mufahhid, 
responsible, contractor, pi. 
j^^ji^.:. mufahhidyn. -v^' 
ta^ahhud, engagement, 
agreement, contract, pi. 
wU^J ta^ahhuddt. j^^». 
ina%{id^ known ; 4J j^^.. 
AiUVl mdhud fyhelamdna^ 
he is known to be honest, 
a^ft'a/ici, initiatory covenant, 
pi. sijic 'uhud ; Ji^ ^ahd, 
time ; -».:? U a^c ^, m in ''ahd 
ma kallimtoh, since I spoke 
to him; Ujl^c ^»min'ahdaha, 
since then ; o^Jl ^j waly el 
'ahd. Crown Prince; »Jl^p 
hihda, responsibihty, char- 
ge; »a^ft yji^kdtih %hda, 
clerk in charge (of stores, 
etc.); -X4«5\ ,j..i- bamys el 
'ahd, Good Friday. oJjklu 

pi. oU*l« mu'ahddt. 
j^ hihr, fornication. iyJ\c.'dhra, 
prostitute,pLj^'y^ 'awdhir. 
i\'^'auwdd^ seci^fr 
j\je- 'awdr, see jyi 
ij>\^ 'uwdd, see ^ji^ 
jly^ 'uwdq^ see j^e 
/•l'^ 'auwdm, see ^Ic 

2i>'' ( 2L*'-^ 'awag (jVwig ), to 
bend, twist, cause to be 
croolced.r-",ft 'auwig ^to bend] 
or twist repeatedly. ^-^I 
in'awag, to be bent, twis- 
ted, crooked, cross, offen- 
ded. rV**' it'auwig, to be 
bent or twisted repeatedly. 
^j^.. ma'-u{ig, heni, twisted, 
or twisted in many places. 
^y> 'awg, or ^^* ta'ivyg.^ 
act of bending, twisting/* 
causing to be crooked. 4>^ 
'awga,a bend, a twist, pi. 

oU^p- 'awgdt. ^jf. 'awag^ 
ill-humour ; r-^J\ ^ii-U y* 
huwa mdsik el 'awag^ he 





is out of temper, r-jc^l 
a'wag, bent, twisted, crook- 
ed, fern. Uyi '(5fl"^^ Pl- r^ 
^{ig, lo-l^p 'atodga, one who 
has crooked legs, cripple. 

ijp- '{id, guitar, pipe, figure (of 
a person), /)Z. jl^pl a'wdd; 
:>)(■ '{id, stick, pi. Ci^xs- 
'yddn ; ^JL.>- ^jc-'iid hatab, 
a piece of flre_ wood; ^^ ^^a 
'ud qasab, a sugar-cane ; 
^^jS^ijf' 'Ad kahryt, a 
match. :,\'^ 'aiucdd, one 
who plays the 'ud, harpist, 
pi. »:\'ye. 'auwdda. 

:>^C''6d, seej\c 

jV ( jVI ) '<5t£ftoar, to damage, 
mutilate, wound. j',.n ji- 
'auwar, to be damaged, 
mutilated, wounded. j^« 
mit'aawar, damaged, mu- 
tilated, wounded. j<_^«r 
<a' to t/r,damage, mutilation, 
wound. j\^ 'aw;(lr,damage, 
defect, jyc- 'awar^ loss of an 
eye, injury. jjf.\ a'war, one- 
eyed, fern. \j^ '6ra^ pi. j^ 

'{ir ; ^IkL. j^l ti<|jy^VI el 
a'war bin el Hmy sultdn, 
in the kingdom of the blind, 
one-eyed people are kings; 

*':^ ^ Ji^^J^'^ J>*i ^>'huwa 
juqtxl HI a'war a'war fy '4~ 
noh^he calls a spade a spade. 

•J^ '6za, see j\p 

^^e- 'd-f, see ^\c 

,j>'f' ( ^y>'y'i ) 'auwad, to com- 
pensate, indemnify, replace; 
jiJc ^_>»i U.J rabbina 
ji'auwad 'alik, I am sorry 
for your loss! (ji}»ri it'au- 
wad, to be compensated, 
indemnified, replaced.^U:-! 
isto'drZ,or,_y.^.i-l ista'wa/l, 
to substitute, replace ; 
luj jji_^»:^l istawad rab- 
bina, he resigned to God's 
will. ^joiyS ta'wyil, com- 
pensation, indemnity, pi. 
oUii^-o ta'wyddt. je^t. 
'a wad or 'uwad^ or ^l^t 
'uwdd, substitute, in the 
place of, instead of; U^ 
'atoarfan, instead of; ^lj«^ 




U* jJ U ^uwdd ma tibqa 
hena, instead of remaining 
liere ; ^iXJ>\^e- 'uwddak^ 
instead of you ; 'i (j^^^c '^ J**- 
^u^d da '^tiwdd da, talie this 
instead of that! 

j'^p(j^.)) ^auwaq, to be late, 
delay ; U JLS^io u ma 
ti^auwaqs ^alayja, do not 
keep me waiting long ! j l^p 
j.^p 'dm, see Ac 
i^jc-'dna, see^ijU 

(S^p{i£)-'i ) 'awa ijtwy), or 
'auwa, to barli, (^^c 'a tot/, 

i,i^^e.\iwiga^ see Iji 

^^^e-'awyl, see Jlc 
\.e. '«ya, see ^ft 

n\^e-^ijdda, see jlc 

jto^ayjdr^ winch, crane, pi. 
<1j\j\s- 'ayjardt. 

jLs-^ijdr, seej^p 

J:U 'ayjds, see j-U 

J»Lfr'(/tt(, see Ja;P 

A}[^'ijdqa, see j.p 

cJ^'^ayjdn, see^tsc 

^.f- '^6, see ^U 

JL.c-(ju.^)'rt{/yid, to feast, keep 
the feast ; kSc jl-io \,:».j ruhna 
ni'ayjid 'aleh, we went to 
wish him a merry feast. J-p 
^ yd , feast, f^ te , pi, i\.S'\ a^Jdd; 
jy,Ji\ Juii)\ eVyd esmgayjar^ 
Christmas, Bairam; ^Cl\ Ji-J\ 
el 'yd el kibyr, Easter, 
Courban Bairam. ajXp "ydy- 
ja, new year's or a feast's 
present, tip, pi, lljic- 'addja, 
or o^J-.t 'ydyjdt. »x}*., mu- 
"djda, call during a feast, pt 
C<'Ji>U« mii'ajddt. 

j^ ( J-W ) ^c-yji^^, or j>« ma'' jar, 
to reproach, taunt, twit. j,U 
'ttyir, to measure, verify, 
reproach, taunt, twit; \> j\t, 
4cU\ 'djirna es sd'a, we 
set the watch right ; ljj..W 
^»Jjl 'ct/rw ecf dahab, they 
alloyed the gold. juJI 
ifayj'ar, or jry^cl itma^jar, 
to be reproached, taunted, 
twitted. j,_Ul ifdjir, to 
be measured, verified, ; 




reproached. ^»f muma'^Jar^ 
reproached^ taunted, twit- 
ed. juJ ta^yjyr, reproach, 
taunt, twit. »y_U. mu^djra, 
measure, verification, rep- 
roach. tjKf- 'yra, temporary, 
borrowed ; tj^s-ti^jdqa'yra 
detached collar, faux col ; 
ajjc-'r 'yra, false hair. 
_j\.e- 'y<ir,measure,standard, 
alloy, pi. O'jV^ 'ijardt; 
^_^l&jLft ^»j dahab 'ijdr 
Hsryn, 2u-caratgold ; Jlc 
i^j\l Hjdr ndry, discharge 
from a gun. 

^^^ 'ysa, 01' ^>-l j(^sd\ Jesus. 
j-)^l jasCt'-y^ Jesuit, pi. 

JLp '^«, see jXo 

i»^( Vl ) '«i/</'«?, to weep, cry; 
4«t Jc ia;«.. by^ayjal 'ala 
ummohj he mourns his 
mother, he cries for his 
mother (child). J»U 'ijdt, 
act of weeping, crying. 

jJi.jiUl (j.l«i) il'djiq, ov itma'j'aq, to be proud 
of, dandy, «i[^'ijdqa, or 
44^ ma^Jaqa^ pride, dandy- 
ism. j.\c 'djiq, dandy, pi. 

patroness of a brothel, pi. 

^'ayjil^ see Jl* 

uj^ ( a>ai ) '^ayjin, to appoint, 
nominate. ojJl ifayjin, to 
be appointed, nominated ; 
kiJLlc t>vo jit'ayjin '^aUk, it 
is your duty. j»lc 'djin, to 
see, visit, examine. (ju:*mi7- 
'at/yn, appointed, nominated. 
OL^-J ta'^yjyn, appointment, 
nomination, allowances, ra- 
tions, pi. wl:^* ta^yjyndt ; 
^^V.*' OJ^ mahdsin ta^y- 
jyndt^ ration stores ; j* jl« 
sl.U..J mudyr ta^yjyndt^ 
director of supplies. *:i\i« 
mu'^djna, inspection, pi. 
^\:i\iL,mu'^ajndt.*j..e.'ayj ina, 
sample, specimen, nation- 
ality, p/. wU.p 'aj/yVntt^ CLc. 
'ajdnan, by sight, publicly. 




Jie-l a^jdn, notables, distin- 
guished persons. ^J^ '^n, 
^Y^fpL Cii^ 'ujdn, or j^i.e- 
^enen ; ^^ ij^fi 'in samaka, 
corn on the foot ; U (j^ ''in 
mayja, spring of water ; 
JlijJ\ Ci}^ ''ujdn el gur- 
bdl, meshes of a sieve ; 
»jk:sH(3AC 'en el qantara, 
arch or opening of a bridge ; 
^J^P\ ^jf 'en es sams, disc 
of the sun; ^b^p ''uwendt, 
eyeglasses ; a^p Ic ,_Jai- 
batab 'ala 'enoh^ he chose 
his own wife, he saw his 
wife before he married her ; 
cil:-^ (^-c- iS kallimoh 'iny 
'inakj he spoke to him face 
to face, he spoke to him 
publicly ; J* Jl o^e- Jc\e>- ga 
'ala 'in ed dimmil, he hit 
the right nail on the head ; 
Aijuj yk huwa hi 'inoh, he 
himself ; 4i-«) ,^\i^\\ el kitdb 
bi "enoh, the very book; j. 
^^ rain 'iny, or ^s- ^ 
'ala "iny, or ,J^>_J\ ^ 

^\J\3 'alal 'in loir rds, 
with pleasure ; a:<. di:-e 3^- 
hally 'inak minnoh, watch 
him I do not let him out of 
your sight! i.> ai.p 'inoh 
fyhfivot A:._f-'enoh minnoh, 
he covets it ; 'Jc auc Ja>. hat t 
'inoh 'alayja, he selected 
me;4jy4^^ 'inoh qawyja, 
he is shameless, he is chee- 
ky ; AsjU A:^e- ''inch fdrga, 
he is mean, he is ill-bred ; 
AjU. A.UP 'inoh maljdna, he 
is well bred. ^ ^-.^ aJ »>i 
dafa' loh sanf 'in, he paid 
him in kind. a^jP \u muna 
'inoh, his heart's desire ; 
^^\ ^"^i U ma jimlds el 
'in, he does not ins^Dire 
respect ; aJc ^s- I Ja 'iny 
'alih, I am sorry for him! 
I pity him! (women's talk); 
j^-c-j. Jj' ni:;il min ^iny, 
I lost all respect for him ; 
4^ j*^j\il\ *ltl alalia' el 
fulds min 'inoh, I shall ma- 
ke him pay dearly for this 




money ; *:.J jLL. malj'dn li 
'^nohjfnU to the brim.choke 
full ; A^c Jc Ji-j dafjal ^ala 
"eneh^he imposed on him, he 
threw dust into his eves. 

ts-^{,^ji) 'iyi (ji'j<^, to be ill, 
sick. Lp '^ayjOL^ to cause to be 
ill or sick, le-^aja^ illness, 
sickness. jCs- 'ayjdn, ill, 
sick, pi. ijjJt* "ayjanyn. 

= fl' 

,U. ( wt^j ) i't^t (jigyh),io delay, 
be absent; "Jc JLiT U ma ti- 
gihs 'alayj'a, do not keep me 
waiting long ! ^U ^j^e-^\ es 
sams gdbet, the sun set. 
^^'1 itgayjib, to delay, ab- 
sent one's self. ^Lp gij'db, 
or A-.t g^ba, delay, absence; 
^^1 wU gijdb es sams , 
sunset. J\s- gijdby, by de - 
fault. ^ g^b, unseen, fu- 
ture; ^\iW 'dlam el g4b,the 
unseen world, the future, 
wi'^ gdjib, absent ; ^ A.a;». 
^W\ hafadoh ^alal gdjib, 
or C-ft aJlL- hafadoh (jiban, 
he learned it by heart. 

^U.^'dft, reeds, sg. a,\c gdba, pi 
C^i\igabdt; A>_\c. ^d6a, forest; 
<^Jl_> k_.\_ij gdb hindy, 

v^(»i^.) 90'S(ji§ys),ov vi,l^l 

a^-ds, to help, rescue. oUi-l 

istagds, to cry for help. 

AJUi-l istigdsa, a cry for 


J^^ (j.>ii) g^rijugtir ), to sink; 
jP ^(5r, go to the devil 1 
damn you 1 V^ ^. ^ gdr min 
hena, begone ! j»U gdj'ir, 
sinking. ♦j^U- gdjra, raid, 
quarrel, pi. y\^ gawdjir, 

j^'-C^^. ) 9^^ (ji^yr), to be 
jealous, ticklish : L ^_ ^* 




Ailyl huwa jigijr "ala im- 
rdtoh, he is a jealous 
husband, »^p 5'f/ra, jealousyj 
zeal, j^ g(^yj^^, jealous, 
zealous, gayjuryn. 
Ci^J^ 9(^j^<^n, one who is 
pressed with jealousy or 
j\cgdr, laurel. 

jli gaz, or jU g^d^/ gas, 
petroleum, /)i. siljU gazAt. 
tiiS't- gazita, or aijU gazita* 
gazette, newspaper, pi. 
sLXuj^c, gazetdt. 
ajJU. gazyj'a, a professional 
dancing girl, an obsolete 
gold coin, /)Z. if j\ji- gawdzy. 
^\l {^j^^Ogdsf jug As), to plunge, 
dive. f^^\c gdjis, plunged. 
o*j^ S'ds, act of plunging. 
^jtfl|^ gauwds, diver, _pi. 
4->l^ gauwdsa, or cu^^'jC' 
gauwasyn. ^^ ^ gawys, 
deep, profound, 
^tlcg'dits, see ^^kt 
iiM (Ji-io ) g'd^' {jigyz), to irri- 
tate, offend, provoke. 

enrage. JiUl ingdz, or iiU'l 
ii^d^-, or Jilrpl i^'ict^', to be 
irritated, offended, provo- 
ked, enraged. J^liu mungdz, 
or iiU:. mitgdz, or i»l:« 
migtdz, irritated, offended, 
provoked^ enraged, ikj-g^z, 
irritation^ anger. AJiJ- ^^^-a, 
or aU^cI igdza, grudge, 
revenge, spite, pi. cMi\c\ 
igazdt ; o AliU.1 IjiTj^-P 
'amaZ /«eda ig'd^a fyh, he 
did this to spite him. 

ic,\^ gdga, row, noice. 

^\hgdlib^ see ^Ic 
J\£tZy,see Jc 

j*\c ^dm ig, see j*> 

^<\igdngo* boat hook. 

(fj^gdwy, seet^jP 

wilp5'(iyi&, see wt 
j}&gdjir^ see jU 

^J^[\c■gdjis, professional dancing. 
man, pi. j)J> gyjds. 

LAlgdjit, see I>_jP 
ajIp ^'d.ya, object, extremity, pi. 
C;\iU gajdt-y ur J Ajift aI to/i 
g'dja /'?/ /c^da, he has an 



\.J yA' 

object in this; v^U J>-lj 
kliUo rcigfiZ iidihib gajdt, a' 
partial man ; z^^\ i.U 
ligdjet el Mi, as far as the 
house ; 4j^»1! ^i^ gAJa, 
extremely,very; (_;-^d\ ajIJ^ 
elgdja biddoh fultxs, the 
fact is that he wants money; 
A)ljjj 4j\& J ^» huwa fy 
gdja we nahdja, he is 
happy and contented. 

^{^■<^^) gabb (jugubb), to 
swallow quickly, ^c- ^ab&, 
act of swallowing. 

jLp,^aMn(/, cashmere cloth, j 
j^{ j;«) gabbar, to cover with i 
dust. jKm\ itgabbar, to be j 
covered. jU. mugabbar, 
covered- jj.;t tagbyr,act, of 
covering. jlc-^aMr, or .jjc- 
gabara, dust, jj^i agbar, 
dust coloured, grey, /"em. 
ljj& gabra, pi. j;p .^yabr. 

jL.p ( JL.»> ) gabbis, to darken, 
cover with dust. JL-i. ma. 
gabbis, or ^Ji.:»^• rnitgabbis, 
darkened, dusty. J:i. 5'a6a«, 


grayness, dusk. J.»i-I agbas, 
dark, gray. 

<Lpgabta, Beatitude (title of a 

Patriarch ). 
u)''- i o".'". ) gaban (jigbin ;, to 
offend, jjwl ingaban, orj^;*! 
itgaban, io be offended, ^y^, 
mafyfttm, offended, j;;^^ ^ab/i^ 
act of offending, state of 
being offended. 

^■^ gabyt, camel saddle;^-!.-. L^i- 
gabyt sibdh, dung sack 
carried on camels. 
»^(^ )go^tt ( jugutt ), or Jit 
gatt, to dip, plunge ; vfi 
i:S^J\ gattoh bis sikkyna, 
he stabbed him with the 
knife. c^^\ ingatt, or z^\ 
itgatt, to be dipped, plun- 
ged. 0^:i. mCigtdt, dipped, 
plunged, ^'c gatt, act of 
dipping, plunging. Cfi gatta, 
a dip, a plunge, pi. cl:& 
Aft ( ;Ui ) gattim, to be dark, 
/i.mujraii jm,dark,obscure. 

»1.^ gatAt, chceky,irrepressible. 




(Sjys^gatwary, vulgar, insolent 
j^ ( jfi ) gc^ggar* to speak in 
an insolent manner, be 
abusive. ^^' taggyr, act of 
speaking in an insolent 
manner, abuse, tfj^ ga- 
gary^ vulgar, insolent, 
gipsy, pi. / gagar, 
\jigada, sesc^Jc 
jji ( jJ^. ) gaclar (jugdur), to 
betray, do injustice to, 
refuse, change one's mind. 
jsi gaddar, to cause to 
refuse, cause one to change 
his mind. J Ji) I ingadar^ or 
jji;rl itgadar, to be betray- 
ed, done injustice to. jjJii* 
ma^d^ r,betrayed, deceived, 
cheated, jj^gadr^ betrayal, 
perfidy, treachery, deceit. 
j^^juJ tagdyr, act of causing 
one to refuse. jIjc gadddr, 
betrayer, treacherous, pi. 
j^jIjc gaddar yn. .jUc 
gadddra, pistol, revolver, 
pl. c>\j]Jlgaddardt. 

.Jc gudda^ gland, tonsil, pl. j Jc 

(S'.i& iiS-iM) gadda (jigaddy ), to 
give one a mid-day meal. 
(S^m\ itgadda^ to eat at 
mid-day, lunch. iJi gada^ 
mid-day meal, lunch, .jjc 
gadwa^ a mid-day meal, a 
lunch, pl. vL>l jjc gadwdt. 
>(>!) g^rr (Jugurr), to 
deceive, beguile. ^^ go-r- 
^ar, to gargle. Ji\ ingarr^ 
or j»:Mtgarr,lo be deceived, 
beguiled. ^J^A itgargar, 
to gargle one's throat, jjj" 
magrtir , deceived, beguiled. 
»_,OjP gargara, a gargle. 
\j-gira, sQQiSf- 
^\J-gurdb, crow, raven, hook,, 
joZ. ajjC-I agriba, or ^li^e 

*ljP gerdm, or ^Ijp- gerdm* 
centigramme, pZ. wUIjP 

^Ijp gardm, see ajC' 
Ajljp garrdja, see 15 ^e- 
wX^j^ )garab {jigrib), toj 




<J' Uf' 



go west ; 
sams garabet^ the sun set. 
w'jf- garrah, to go west^ 
cause one to go abroad. ^jiJI 
itgarrab, to travel, go ab- 
road. v_*ji:-l istagrab, to 
wonder, be astonished. ^jP 
^ar6, west. J.ji- garby, wes- 
tern, ^ij- gurub, sunset. 
^Iji:-I istigrdb, wonder, 
astonishment, ^ji. garyb, 
foreign/oreigner, stranger, 
extraordinary, pl.^^j- garb, 
or IjC- guraba ; ^j^\ ^_^U\ 
en n(is el gurb, strangers, 
outsiders. K\f- gurba, state 
of being in a foreign coun- 
try. A.\jC gardba, strange- 
ness. wjji. mCtgrib, or -uiji. 
magribyja, or 4..^;. i«^U s(i- 
'e< magribyja,sunsei time, 
evening. (jjj« magraby. 
Moor, Moorish, pi. aj jU« 
magdrba ; *jjm.j^) fet^d eZ 
ma^dr6a,the Barbary states. 
*-i_,d\ iij^Ji* mudyryjet el 
{jiarbyja, [ho garb yja pro- 

vince. 4-1 jp garyba, wonder- 
ful thing, strange event, 
miracle, wonder, pi. wjJj^ 
gardjib; >^,^j<=') ^^^ 
^agdjlb we gardjib, how 
wonderful ! how curious 1 

d'.J' (Jij"!) gO'f^bil, to sift with a 
gurbdl. JjjiTI itgarbil, to be 
sifted. Jiji. m«£rar6i7,sifted. 
j^J>garbila, act of sifting. 
J\i_,ci gurbdl^ sieve with 
large meshes, pi. JjIjC^ 
garabyl. Ji_,i. mugarbil, 
one who sifts with a gurbdl, 
pi. iji^'jf^ mugarbilyn. 

J> ( J >. ) d«^'a^ C jifjriz ) , 
to sticiv, prick, stitch. jja\ 
ingaraz, to be stuck, pric- 
ked, stitched. jjj« magrti:^^ 
stuck,pricked, stitched, jf- 
gars,act of sticking, prick_ 
ing, stitching. .JjC- gur^a, a 
stitch, JO i.j^p garasfiv oIJjP 
gurxdt. jju maflra.?, trick, 
intrigue, pi. JjU. mafjdri^, 
jjwk -u» J^*^ 'amaZ /"j/Zi mag. 
ras, lie played him a trick. 




jaj. ga r ari ,ohieci in view, desire, 
intention, pZ. ^J'\J>\ agrdd ; 
^\.:S^^J>j^garadykitdb,l re- 
quire a book; ^~»j«^Jc^Wl. Iji 
da ma gds ^ala garady^ tliis 
did not suit me; ^Jfy t_y>j^\ el 
garad marad, none is blind 
as that who will not see; 
(jijC- ^>-\^ sdhib garad , or 
JsJ*.* mug rid J prejudiced, 
partial; j>J^ ^},\i.l}dly garad, 
impartial. ^_^f- garadyja^ 
partiality, partisanship, pi. 
oU-ijP garad yjdt. 
tJ-J- gar gar a, see ^^ 
Aiij&jt- i/argaryna, * gangrene. 
^J-^ ^>i ) QO^rafijigrif), to 
ladle. ^j»)l ingaraf, or 
o>il itgarafj to be ladled. 
ojjM magr^f, ladled, o t 
garf, act of ladling, w^;, 
magrafa, ladle, scoop, /)Z. 

3j'{3Ayjiriq(jigraq),io sink, 
be drowned, be wrecked, 
be flooded. j'_,c garraq, 

to cause to sink, drown, 
wreck, flood. J ji:- 1 istag- 
raq, to go deep ; j Jji:-I 
|.^J\ istagraq fy en ndm, 
he slept soundly ;jj;:- 1 JiJJ\ 
*cU es s«^Z istagraq sd^a, 
it took an hour to do the 
work. jjP garaq, act of 
sinking, drowning, ship- 
wreck, flooding. o^»y^arg(Jn, 
sunk, drowned, wrecked, 
flooded ; ajU; J ^^^t. o^V^^ 
elgarqdn jimsik fy qas- 
sdja^a drowned man catches 
at a straw, jj^e garyq^ 
a drowned person, pi. UjP 
f> ( r>. ) iliri'^ [jigram ), to 
lose (money ), pay a fine. 
- jP garram, to cause to 
pay, fine. ^jS] itgarram, 
to be fined, pi. mug ram, 
one passionately in love.^jJ 
tagrym, act of causing to 
pay, fining. AJ^ gardm, 
passionate love ; ^«l|l *.»\_^ 
gardmoh el li'b, he is all 




for play. A.\J> i/ardma, 
money fine, indemnity, 
compensation, pi. oUljC 
ijaramdt. £^{jarym,T\ya\, 
adversary, debtor, creditor, 
pi. i'J-gurama. 
tj- gurra, first day of llie lunar 

KJiJ-gur^b, see ^jt 

^'J^^ f^A ) garra (jigarry), 
to glue; Jc (S'j- ^» huwa 
garra 'alayja^he duped me. 
^ij>\ agra, to tempt, lead 
astray, ti jiil itgarra, to be 
glued. (i'_,;. mugarry^ or 
(^•>:. mitgarry, glued, ^i^ir 
tagryja, act of gluing, 
deceit. I^p ^ira, glue. \1 jP 
grarM^a, glue-pot,/)Z. ^U> 
garrajdt. \J.\ igra, act of 
leading astray. 

^.j" i/O'ryb, see s^/ 

V,j^ gurayjiba, kind of native 

&.?■ iiaryq, bccj> 
jCjp garym, scc*jp 
j^ ( >1 ) .7<^'^'« ( ju{/uj;: ), to 

prick, thrust. j;il ingazz, 
or jiil itgazz, to be pricked, 
thrust, j^ji. magzuz, 
pricked, thrust, y- <7a^*, 
act of pricking, thrusting. 
* j> gazza, a prick, a thrust, 
pi, oljc- gazzdt, 
^guzz, the Mamelukes; i!^. 
y^\ bildd elguzz, Egypt. 
J'^ gazdl, deer, gazelle, pi. 
oVjp guzldn. JVjP i/iizld- 
^y> oif ob** mugazlin, 
slim (figure). 

JX J>l) ^a-a^ ij'il^il), to 
spin (wool, etc. ). Jj^il m- 
gazal, or J ■,;JI itgazal, to 
be spun. J^j" magzCil, 
spun. Jjp ^a^'Z, act of 
spinning, spun yarn;^jii)tju 
JjiM j^ J 4i£ji. mj/n ji'raf 
Ijadyga fy sag el gazl, to 
look for a needle in a slack 
of hay; vl,l;J\ Jj^ gazl el 
bandt, nalivc sweet. Jj,i. 
inagzal, spindle, pi. JjU. 
magdzil. 4.Jjp gazlyja, na_ 
live striped cotton material. 




J-* ( J-*l ) 9'«saZ (jigsil), to 
wash. J-.P gassil, to cause 
to wash, wash the dead. 
J_-.i!l ingasal, or J—'i'i 
itgasal, to be washed J^« 
magsul, washed. J-.c- g'asZ, 
act of washing. J.-.C- gasyl, 
act of washing , clothes 
which are washed or to be 
washed. JLp gassdla^ wa- 
sherwoman^ pi, o*^l-p ^ras- 
saldt. 4JL<^ gusdla, dirty 
water. J-i. ma^saZ,]aiindry^ 
lavatory, pZ. J-U. magdsil, 
J-.i. mugassil, corpse-wa- 
sher^ joZ. j;_A-,i« mugassilyn. 

LT* (cr»l) 9'^ss (jigiss), to cheat, 
deceive, dupe, adultrate. 
JLiil ingassj or ^^lJi itgass, 
to be cheated, deceived, 
adultrated. ^_^^ii« magsus^ 
cheated, deceived, duped; 
i.iyii,> J^ himla magsMa, 
counterfeit coin. J:e. giss , 
cheat, deceit, fraud^ adul- 
tration. j»\^ gassds, disho- 
nesty deceitful^ false, pi. 

fj\i\lfi gassasyn. 

xis-( >-iii ) gassim, or xii:-l is- 
tagsim, to consider ignorant 
or inexperienced; <^,t^ ^ 
huwa by gassim nafsoh^ 
he pretends not to know. 
^Li gasym, ignorant, inex- 
perienced, novice, pi. .ts. 
gusm ; ^it Ji_-a_^ had yd 
gasym, unworked iron, ^i- 
gasm,ov i.-t^ts. gasumyja, 
ignorance, inexperience. 

js. ( J.^i)gisy (jigsa), to faint; 
Uc ti-lp gisy ^aUh, he fain- 
led ; liis^'l J. *Jc j_j1p 5ris(/ 
'aZ^/i mm eri dihk^ he was 

in a fit of laugliter, aJc ^^li. 
magsy 'aUhpv (^^Lii g'as - 
ydn, fainting. i^\J^ gasajdn, 
fainting fit. 

^c gasym, see .±p 

w^(i-»^H) gO'?0'b (jigsib or 
jugmb )^ to force, oblige ; 
Me ^.e.1 gasab "alayja, he 
forced me. ,_..^' I itgasab, to 
be forced, obliged. ^.a;_fl 
itgassab, to feign to refuse, 


make one's self dear. k_,^^i. 
magdib , forced, obliged. 
,_<-at gasb, or 4_Jl^c- gusba- 
nyj'a, force, violence ; ^.^ 
A...afigasb gasyba,w\[h great 
difficulty; ^^lli bilgasb, by 
force ; 4^t ^^ ga^b ^annoh, 
against his will. 

_^c. ( w-i^ ) gidib ( jig^lab ), to 
be angry_, offended ; '^c..^ 
gidib 'alayja, he is angry 
with me; ^\i^\^cs^i- gidib 
"alal kitdbj he refused the 
book. ,_^ gaildabjto offend. 
^I'f- gadab, anger, rage ; -J) I y.^gadaballa '^aUk, 
curse you! o^r^ gailbdn, 
angry, enraged, offended, 
pi. ijvLJip gculbanyn. 
Jac. ( ia;i ) gatt (jugutt ), see ^ 
Ikt 5'a(a, see Jac- 
^\Lc, gitds and gauds, HOC ^Li- 
j-J^ i^^-J^l) gctlras^to shut one's 
eyes to. o^JaP gatrasa, act 
of shutting one's eyes to. 

^i^{^J.k^, ) git. is (Jig(as), to 
dive, disappear. (j-ki- gattas, 

to dip,immerse. ^Ic 9'4?is, 
or jL-kc- gatsdn, diving, 
under water; <^ ijl-J»p z^ 
hunt gatsdn f^n, where 
have you been hiding 
yourself; >3j^l ^r^^ 9<^~ 
tis el markib, draught of 
a sliip. ^J.Jaii tagtys, immer. 
sion. ^j.\kl gatjds, diver, pi. 
4.-lkt gattdsa^ or t>j.-\ki 
gattasyn. ^Ikt ^«(<ts, 
Epiphany, ^_^'^i. magtas, 
bathing pond, pi. ^U. 
magdtis. ^jja!e- galgs, dark 
( colour ) ; ,_^J»& j-j'l ahmar 
(/a(</s, dark red. 
J»J^((>H) S'a??^ (jigatty), to 
cover. ^^jUJI j7(7a^{a,tocover 
one's self, be covered, ki. 
mugafty, or ^\»mitgatty^ 
covered, -ukif tagtyja, act 
of covering. Ike- ya^a, cover, 
lid, pi. (^jLkc- (jutjdn; jjj 4!^ 
Ulkc/cj7/na toe radd {/atdha^ 
just one word 1 
^Xi. f)atys^ see ^^.U^ 

j««-( j'«l ) yd A"" iJiiilftir), to 




forgive, pardon, guard, 
watch ; *Ji 4! J.(-\ igfir loh 
zanhoh, forgive him ! _,Jp 
ijaffar^ or j^ ha far, to 
guard, watch. jn:.^\ istag- 
far, to ask God's pardon ; 
-uil _,«:-.! is tag far alldh, 
God forbid! ^y;. magfdr, 
forgiven, pardoned, guard- 
ed, watched ; 4! jyiX\ el 
mag fur loh, the late 
lamented, (jl^i^ fjafrdn, 
forgiveness, pardon, ^ii^ 
f/afyr, or ^ni^ bafyr, 
watchman, guardian, pi. 
IjiP gufara. _,ip gafar, 
guard, escort; i]jjj| ^^p 
gafar ed darak, watch_ 
men on the Nile embankment 
during flood. 
Jii. ( Ji":) 9iflHji9f(^l)Ao dose, 
close the eyes,be inattentive, 
heedless; JJI ^}^lJ.l\ii■ \.j^ 
"iny ma giflits tiil el lei, 
I have not closed my eyes 
the whole night. Jip5ra/7ii,or 
Jilt-.! is tag fit, to consider 

ignorant or stupid. J»\c 
gdfiljio surprise, to take one 
unawares. Jii)" tagafful, or 
Jji* tagfyl, ignorance, 
stupidity, j^h gafta, nap, 
inattention, ignorance ; Jc 
A^ip 'ato gafta, suddenly, 
unawares ; J)^ Jc o^U ei 
mdi "ala gafta, sudden 
death, o^^it gaftdn, one who 
is dosing, asleep, unaware. 
Ji« mugaffal, ignorant, 
stupid, cuckold, pi. tjjVii. 

jjlP gafyr, see yt 

Jt . J;-^| ( J;;.j ) istagall 
(jistiglU), to derive an 
income, revenue or profit. 
Aigalla, crop, yield, corn, 

'^igull, grudge, spite, rancour, 
enmity ; *\c 4._i J.» /"ass /"t/Zi 
gulloh, he broke his wrath 
on his heail. 

^t gfato, see Jo 
Ali^ gald^a, rudeness, coarse- 
ness. iiJt galy^, or ^^iJc 




galydfioarse,rude, impolite, 
pi, ^% guJAs. 

At^i galldja, see Jc 

»^c.(^ii) galab (jiglib), to 
conquer, win ; y^\ j ti^'c- U 
ana galahtoh fil lib, I liave 
beaten him in the game, ^c 
gilib (jiglab), to do one's 
best, leave no stone unturned; 
i!s\ i^i gilibt akaUlmoh, 
I have often spoken to him, I 
am tired of speaking to him; 
iSj^ ^c. gilib humdry, I 
give up the guess. ^\c. gallib, 
to worry, botlier, annoy. 
^Ic gdlib, or \) ^U'l 
itgdlib wayja^ to wrestle 
with, bandy words with. 
^;il ingalab, or ^_IJ1 
itgalab, to be conquered. 
^\'c gdlib, conqueror, win_ 
ner, probability, pi. J^JU 
galbyn ; ^\'<^\ j fil gdlib, 
or GU. gdliban, generally, 
probably, wjlii. magldb, 
vanquished, beaten ^\«. gulb, 
misfortune, distress, a game 

won, pi ^%\ agldb. ^\ 
aglab, the greater part, 
most ; ^U\ ,Ji.l aglab en 
nds, most people. a-U 
galaba, jabber. j^Ui galbdn, 
poor, miserable, wretched, 
pZ. ij% galdba, or u^iUc 
galbanyn. iS)\Ac galabdwy, 
talkative, jabberer, pi. *).)U* 
galabawyja. ^Hi. mugdlba, 
act of wrestling. Aj.\c1 ag^to- 
6f/ja, majority. 

cJc ( j^U ) gallit, to disgust ; \, 
JijLiU'ma tigallits'alayja, 
do not disgust mel ( talk of 
the natives of Upper Egypt). 

ialt (laiii) 5'iZJ( (j'iglat ;, to err, 
make a mistake. k\c gallat, 
or Jaii. maglat, to cause 
another to make a mistake, 
find out the mistake of 
another. kMc- qdlit, to cheat, 
deceive. I»^W(,wrong, 
incorrect. ia\t gfata^, mistake, 
fault, wrong ; LW'i bil 
galat, by mistake, wrongly; 
J jjj. JaU\ ei ^aia? marddd, 




ot err is human. 4.klc galta^ 
a mistake, a fault, pi. olk\c. 
galtdt. J\.^\c. galtdn, mista- 
ken, wrong, pi. a^ALM 
galtanyn. 4.kUi. mugdlta, 

S^'' ( J^*L ^ gallaq, to be 
hoarse jincompreliensible.jU. 
mugallaq, hoarse, incom- 
prehensible; jli. ^,•^>^ hissy 
mugallaq^ I am hoarse ; A:i' 
*2U. lugatoh mugallaqa, 
his language is incompre- 

^i gala q,riaii\e small basket, 

pannier, /)Z. cj\iii gulqdn. 
i^galla, see Ji, 

jp ( Jii ) ^aia (jigly), to boil. 
J;jl in gala, or JiH it gala, 
to be boiled. J«. magly, 
boiled, a decoction. Jp 9'aZj/, 
or ^ic galyja, or o^^ 
5'ato7"(:tn, ebullition. ,^cgaL 
wa, or iSf- galja, a boiling, 
pl.Z»\ ^igalwdt .*.>% galhXja , 
kettle, pi. c>\i%gallajdt. 
^(Ji)) ^iit/ O'ifi'to;, tobe 

dear, expensive. Jc galla,io 
raise the price. Ui* taglyja, 
act of raising the price. ^ 
gulu, or ^Ic ^ato, dearness 
(of goods), high price. ^^U 
ildly, dear, expensive. Jl^« 
migluwdnyfine who charges 
high prices, pi aJI^U. mi^'- 
^Jl.^c galyrl ,0T ]a.M. galyz ,sQQi^'^i' 
^}&gallyny, calm weather on 

the sea. 
^ylhgalj^in, steamer, smoking 
pipe, pi. oy'^^c, galajyn. 
JF- ( >1 ) gO'tmn CJigimm or 
jugumm), io cause to grieve 
or be sad. ;J> gamgam, to 
partly cover the face, iil 
grieved, sad. j-^." magmAm, 
grieved,sad, sorrowful. **;i-^* 
mugamgama, one who has 
her face partly covered, i- 
gamm, grief, sadness, sor- 
row, pi, ^y^ gumtim. K^tf^ 
gamgama, act of partly 
covering the face. 




\.ft guma, see j»^ 
jlp. gammds, see^v^ 
^}\j^ gamdq, sec j*'^ 
^Ip gamdm, see ^ 
^^i>{y'iygama;: (jigmiz), to 
wink, make a sign ; Jj**^ 
^j,Py; gamazny bi qirsdn, 
he gave me two piastres on 
the sly. y'^gdmis, 0T\iy\^\ 
itgdmis wayja, to make 
sign to one another, y'^ 
gams, act of winking, malt- 
ing a sign, tj-f^ gamsa, 
wink, sign^ hint, pi. oljv<=' 
gam:2dt, j\i- gammdz, dim- 
ple, trigger. 
^j.*i. (,j-»*i) gammis, to dip one's 
hand into a plate. ^.jj-S tag- 
mys , act of dipping one's 
hand, ^y'' gumiUs, relish, 
adjunct to bread. 
jaj:- ( ^yt^'-i ) gimul, ( jigmad) to 
be closed (eyes), ^'f' gam- 
mar/^to close. (_>i,« magam- 
mad , closed. (J^..^ tagmg(l, 
act of closing the eyes, (j,-^-^ 
gumm^dy, -with closed eyes. 

j*.t. ( j...;o ) gammaq, to cause 
to be dark (colour). jJs-\ 
igmaqq , to be dark. j»'c- 
gdmiq, or j*Jt- migmiqq, 
dark colour; j-^ty 1 ahmar 
gdmiq, dark red. j.-**^ 5'a- 
mj/g, deep.jAF-gumq, depth. 
ja, darkness of colur. 
lT)'-^ i/umils, see ^j.*'^ 

J- ( ^^) 1 gimy ( yi^^mft ), to 
faint ; mJc ^^^^ ^imt/ ''Oleh, he 
fainted. ^_.«'' gamma, to 
blindfold ; c--^ LJjJI ed 
dinja gammet ,i\\e weather 
has become cloudy ; \yf' 
•jkali gamma el qantara^ 
they closed the arches of the 
regulator. i^iTl Itgamma, to 
be blindfolded. ^^_^--. \ 
istagamma, to bind one's 
eyes. cA-^ gamJdn,onc who 
is in a fainting fit . ^^J^ mu- 
gammy, or ^^i. mi t gam- 
my, blindfolded. \i-\ igma, 
fainting fit. t^^<i tagmyja, 



or \)^ guma act of blindfol- 
ding; \^_fr jjk-.i qantaret 
guma, regulator ; y_p ^\1;^\ 
absdb guma, regulating 
timbers. Ai\.:i-I istugum- 
m(tja,gameof hide and seek. 

j.»c gamyq, see j.-^ 
\:p guna and g'ma, see ^^e 
»\U ganndm, see ^p 

»i<,jc:i^ ( piJ ) ganaget ( tugnug ), 
to feign coyness, mince, be 
CO quettish.^ic.^'a/ig', mincing^ 
motions of coquetry or vo- 
luptuousness, ^o-ltf. ganndga, 
woman who feigns coyness, 

jU:p gunddq* gun-carriage. 
^/■^J^-i- gunddqg y , armourer , 
gunsmith, pi. a.^Ixp gun- 
jJl;p(jJl:;s) gandar, to adorn. 
jJljJI itgandar, to be 
adorned, dandy. jj:;. 
mugandar^ or jj».«:. mit- 
gandar, adorned. tjX.i- 
gandara, dandyism, high 
fashion. jjJ^-i gandixr, 

dandy, fq^i, coxcomb^ pi. 

Xc.{j>'»i_) gannim, to take as a 
spoil. 4.».LP ganyma^ spoil, 
prey, pi. A:i^ gandjim. ji- 
ganam, sheep, sg. **.:«■ 
ganama, pi. ol^p ganamdt, 
or A's-\ agndm. *\:& ganndm^ 
shepherd, pl.xt\:i-ganndma. 

^^ij-^. ) 9o.^(^ iJigny), to 

enrichjiiiip ^^>.>i [iijrabbuna 
jignyny 'annak, I hope I 
shall have no more need of 
you! ^ ganna, to sing. 
j^i:-l istagna, to be rich, be 
wealthy, dispense with ; I; I 
^l:.W\ jP ou;:-l ana istag- 
net ^an el kitdb, I have 
no more need of the book, 
I can do without the book. 
^^:«. mugtany, or (_ji:-.« 
mustagny, one who has 
become rich. Up 5'ma, 
riches, wealth ; di:p Up V to 
5'ma 'annak^ I cannot do 
without youl l:i:-.l istigna, 
wealth, state of being 




beyond need. ^^ gany, rich, 
wealthy, pi, LpI agnyja ; 
dA:e- .uJ^-til alldh el gang 
"annak, may God enable me 
lo do without you! \:i- gina 
or guna, or lii. magna, 
singing. .^^ g-mtoa^a song, 
pi. ^\yj- ginwdt. |_g.M 
muganny, singer^ pZ. oj.;;. 

4*_i ganyma, see ^ 
^j^'S^ gauwds, and ^^i- </ds, 
see |_^ U 

J»^(i.^^ ) gauwat, to deepen. 
Ja^ij"! itgauwat, to be deep- 
ened, ease nature. iaJ^iJ" 
lagwyt^ act of deepening, 
-t^i)' tagawCit, act of easing 
nature. Ja^t^^^/, depth. Jai^t 
gawyt, deep, profound,, pZ. 
-tljc- guwdt. Ja)\c fl'fiyi^, 

^^igCil, demon, vampire, pi. 
d'^^ iiyldn. 

<Sif- [^Si\) gaiva (jigwy^, or 
(S^\ agwa, to lead into 
error^ take as a hobby; 

C)\\^.L\\ Jljp gawdny es sy- 
((i /I, satan tempted me. (^jlc 
gdwy, one who has a hobby, 
pi. .I^p guwd ; wti i^j'c' 
guLcy kutub, bibliomane ; 
j.\^ iSj^c. gdwy hamdm, 
pigeon-fancier. aJ^ gyja, 
hobby, fad, mania, pi. ^ti. 
gyjdt; |.l^ l-j-gyjet hamdm, 
private flock of pigeons. 
iS,\ye.guweki, glass bracelet, pi. 

jjli) .p guwesdt. 
(jolji- gawys, see j_y»\c 

Jaj^fr gawyt, see i»y- 

»_^l> gijdb, see ^\c 
-'.^(jj»l) 90'yJO'^> to change^ 
alter, substitute, jjijl it gay- 
jar, to be changed, altered. 
j^ mugayjar, or jji:« 
m t7^a{/yar,changed,altered; 
1.5 j\^\ jfi. IM ana mugayjar 
en nahdr da, I have my 
best clothes on today ; ^1 
Ij j\fS\ jji:. enta mitgayjar 
en nahdr da, you do not 
look as usual today, you 
do not look well today. jAiu 



mugdj ir, conlravY, opposed 
to. j^.iS tagyjyr^ alteration, 
change, pZ. s^l^-J tacjyjy- 
rdt. j\.c- gijdr, change, 
rehef, pi. ^^j^-i- gijardt. 
j^^ g^^> other than ; ^j^- 
girkurUj other than you ; 
jfj J5.ft ger rasmy, demi- 
official ; j^f-^ la ijdr, only ; 
jjl jJi. ijer inn, but, although; 
ji- J' min givfi'c ^;i hi gir, 
without ; ^ jrvp garsy, only, 
simply ; v_.l:J> ,j_i ^J. j^c 
garsy biddoh kitdb,he only 
wants a book ; ^^i j^s- ^j_^> 
min garsy, at all events ; 
\jfj^i. AjJ <L- fyigir keda, 
what else is there % j- jJ^ ^ 

I Ar^ J<"1 ma qidirs jCmil 
gSr keda, he could not do 
O^ji's^ gajrdn, and >js.^gyra, see 

Jai^ ^e(, field, pi. ^J_J^-i- gytdn. 
J^-i-gety, rustic. 

]^s.giz, see ii'i. 

^t.(^;o) gayjim, to be cloudy; 
^^-t U; J ' ed cZ inja gayj imit, 
the weather has become 
cloudy. r.M miigayjim, clou. 
dy. ^_i- fl'^m, or *\,c. gamdm, 
clouds, sg. 4_^;i^ gima, or 
i-.\i>gamdma, pi. wlc<^ 9'e- 
m(:t^, or v:.U\> gamamdt. 

'^^ gyJO', see t5/ 

ijfe or /"a, and, then; ^l_^ 

fardh, he then went away. 

i<\j}i f ah r y qa, or <L J i^ fawryqa* 

factory, mill, pi- oli^.li 

fahryqdt, or z>\'ij)\ifawry- 

qdt, or jijl/ fawaryq. 

A» (Oji;) A^i (juftit), to pass, 

leave ; z^\ J 'Je v:^ /'jif 




'alayja fil hit, call at my 
house! Jc ^'U 4klJ\ el gaUa 
fdtet "alayja, the mistake 
escaped me ; ^\) ^tj lil ana 
futtoh wayjdk, I left him 
with you ; ol» j,»,n e^ M;ag^ 
/VJ^, the time is up, it is too 
late ; j^"'i -i^-U (S> dy hdga 
fdtet^ this is an old story ; 
C.\i ol» J\ JH?/ /df fdt, let 
bygones be bygones ! J5\ a.: J* 
o?l» es sana illy fdtet, last 
year ; Ia ^ ffU hena, come 
here! »\r acjJ ol> J\^ iW«/ fdt 
qadymoh tdh^ it may be a 
change for the worse ; jy>}^^ 
^^\i el wabur fdtny, I 
missed thetrain.o}»/'a««jif, 
to cause to pass, allow to 
pass ; ^5^^ oy fauwit el 
waqt, he spent the time, I 
he killed time ; jy}^'^ Jj*y 
fauwitny e I wabAr, he made 
me miss the train. ^il» fdjit, 
passing ; ^l» lilj wana 
fdjit, as I was passing, oly 
fawdt, or ^\;^fawatdn, act 

ofp assing, leaving, ilall>;<ly 
fawdt el my^dd, lapse of 
the interval. o^U tafdut, 

f\ifdtih^ see^ 

j^fdtir^ see jS 
ajy^fatdra* sample of cloth, 
jT^fdgir, see j^ 

^ i^-yh) fdh (juftih), to exhale 
odour. *iU fdjih, exhaling 
( odour ). o^y fawahdn, 
ji^U fdhis, see \sj 

jMfdh,ir, see ji 
ej^i-li /'aM ra ,pottery,jfi: fuhfidr, 
pottery, china,earthenware. 
j\ji: fa/jardny, manufac- 
turer of pottery, pi. 4jlji 
M{x.ii)fdd,(jifyd), or ^Lil 
afdd, to inform, benefit some 
one, interest, be useful. 
iLjJ^l istafdd, to derive 
benefit, profit. ,jul» fdjda, 
profit, benefit, use, advan- 
tage, interest on money, pi. 



J^JjJ> fawdjid. ol>l if Ada, \ 
use, interest, letter, commu- 
nication, pi. o'jl»l ifaddt. 
A.i. mufyd, useful,advanta_ 
geous, interesting; a;1 sA\ 
el mufyd e,what is the long 
and short of it? :>U> mafdd, 
meaning, sense , object. 
J^> ( J A ) f'^^ (Juf^^' )y to boil, 
reach tlie boiling degree, 
bubble. j^» fauwar jio cause 
to boil, discharge semen ; 
c'^ jy fO'Uwar dammy, he 
irritated me, he provoked 
me. j}i fdjir, boiling. oUy 
fawardn, act of boiling, 
reaching the boiling degree, 
ebullition, effervescence ; 
0ji\C)\j^fawardn ed damm, 
rage, irritation. tj\%j< fau- 
wdra,jet d'eau, fountain. 

spring of water, pi. 



fauwardt. Ijy fawran, or 
j^\ V. ^alal fdr, at once, 
forthwith ; Ijy vj5I ed daf 
fawran, prompt cash. 
Jifdr^ ov,j\i fdrd^v&t, mouse, 

pl. o^j^ fyrdn ; ,jl» fdra^ 
carpenter's plane, pi. oljU 

^j.j\ifdris,see ^j 
f-jifdrig, see '^J> 

first rate. 

}ij\»farAz, or j,j^ fyrds, 
jlj (j^L) fdz (jufus ), to win, 
succeed. jAi fdjiz, winning, 
successful, pZ. CMy,^ fajsyn. 
Jy fds, victory, success. 

^^c^j^fazugly, province in the 
Soudan to which criminals 
were transported; Jc^JlJ^^-j 
ruh "ala fasugly, go to hell ! 
the devil take you! 
^\ifds, pick-axe, hatchet, pi. 

J^[> fds, birds' vermin. 
ji,^ilj fasAs, useless, uselessly. 
J.^\i fdsil, see ^^> 

i>^ { u^:k ) f^'i- (J^fy(l), to be 
excessive, be abundant, 
overflow ; Oi^j j^> ^j>'^ fdd 
ma'y qirsSn, I have two! 




piastres left ; ^\i J\ b da 
illy fdd^ this is wiiat 
remains, tiiis is the balance. 
^y>'^ fauwad, to intrust, 
give full powers, discharge 
semen. ^^Liil itfdwid, 
to consult together, ja-i^i 
fdjid, excessive, overflow- 
ing, interest on money. jjiJ 
y^rf, abundance, flow ; ^ 
^^\ jo.J ^ala fid el karym, 
at God's mercy, o^ faja- 
ddn, excess, overflow, flood 
of a river ,pi. ^liLij fajada- 
ndt. j^.^ii tafwyd, act of 
intrusting, giving full 
powers, discharging semen. 
^J- jli. mufd to(/a,consultation, 
conference, pi. z>\^i\i> 


^^^^fddil^ see J.ij 

jciU fd<ly, see u,-^ 

^M fdtir ,5QP. jU» 

Jcli/'d'ji, see J.J 
J^ ( J>.) /■<*? (Jiif^Q), lo excel, 
surpass, wake, recover 

health, or consciousness ; 
*i\J\ Jc jli yk /laoja fdq "ala 
aqrdnoh, he excelled his 
colleagues. j5» fauwaq, to 
cause to recover health or 
consciousness. ^^_\i fdjiq, 
superior, excelling, cons- 
cious, awake ; ^y^\ j' jA* ^ li 
qdm fdjiq min en ndm, 
sleep refreshed him. 
^J^^*\i faqqUs, see ^j.yi 
A^Cli fdkha^ see a$o 
J^/"di, see Jy 
^Ij /'diig', see ^ 
*l» /'(tZJA, see ^V» 
tj^Wi /'ciit/5'a,*valise,portmanteau, 

pi. >i.\j<}\3 falysdt. 
*.LM famylja* family, pi cALjM 
famylj'dt ; «.Ju«l»,.^U9 Jp-Ij 
rdgil sdhib famylja, man 
who has a large family to 
provide for. 
^j.^'^fan&s, lantern, pi. ^ly 
*l» fdh im, see ^ 
ALj}\i fawryqa* see *iijt\» 





»i\i fdwa, ochre. 

» jjlj fdjda, see ^U 

JailJ fdjiz, interest on money. 
x^jitibrAjir* February. 
c> ( Oh ) fatt (jifitt), or ^y 
fattitj or j^ fatfit, to cut 
into small pieces ; J:^ jI.U» 
<i:«J qudddmak '^s tifittoh, 
you have much to learn yet_, 
you have all your battles 
before you ; ^»U1 jjj Uo 
fattina waraq el I'Cb, we 
dealt the playing cards, ^ I 
infatt, or ^.^"1 itfatt, or 
C.i5j*l itfattit, or >i.«:irl 
itfatfit, to be cut into small 
pieces, oy.i, maftdt^ or ^iL. 
mufattit, or j.^. mufatfit, 
cut into small pieces, o» 
fatt, act of cutting into small 
pieces ; j^ /'aii, or o fatta, 
bread cut into small pieces 
soaked in broth or milk, 
pottage. 4.:i:J f at fita, or ^rj] 
taftyt, act of cutting into 
small pieces, iiyci fatf&ta, 
small piece of bread. 

crumb, pi. ^b fatafyt. 

jly fitdq, see ^yJ 

j'ui fattdn, see Ji 

^ (7t:ii) /'aia/i (j'iftah), to 
open ; >i,.J\ i? fatah el bint, 
he seduced the girl ; lil ^-J* 
yiyto/iaWa, I cannot sell for 
this price, this cannot be ; 
liLlc ».:«j L J rabbina Jiftah 
'al^k, may God grant you 
success! ,jj,^ ^ fatah 
sad r oh, he talked big, he 
vaunted ; asI*. <;' fatah 
halqoh, he shouted and 
shrieked ; dlup ^'1 iftah 
'^nafe, be careful! mind you! 
7B.y fattah, to open one thing 
after another ; o^^^jpl es 
sams fattahet, the sun came 
out again. <5l» /"diii^, to 
address one first, begin a 
conversation. ^'1 in fatah, 
or ^Mtfatahjio be opened. 
«.url it fattah, to be opened 
one after the other. 7<.:i:-l 
istaftah, to have for the 
first thing in the tnorn_ 




ing ; v_^l^ j,*^"! istaftaht 
hi gawdb, the first thing I 
hod in the morning was a 
letter. ^l» fdtih, opening ; 
f^ ^} I6n /d^i/i, light colour. 
ii.\ii\ el fdtha, the first 
chapter of the Koran. ^^ 
maft{ih, open, opened ; ^^ 
T-y^\ kallimoh bil maftAh, 
tell him in plain language I 
4».^:it j.,J; sahyjity maftd- 
ha, I have an appetite; .aiI 
*o-^:i. ydoh maftAluij he is 
generouSjheisa spendthrift. 
«i* fath, act of opening. **•* 
fatha, an opening, an 
aperture, pi. zA^ fathdt ; 
(jj«U i=t:> fat he t eVin, head- 
sluice. 7-\j::»1 i/Yi((t/i,opening 
(a sitting of a court ). ^l:i:-l 
istiftdh, opening of a day's 
work, first thing done in a 
day. ^l:i. maftdh, key, 
point [raW.), (pi. ^\!i*maf at yh; 
jttaU A'.L. maftdh el '^aqd, 
key-stone, binder of an arch; 
(iji/o\ y\-ju,muftdhelkubry^ 

bridge spanner. ^l:« muf- 
tdhgy, pointsman, /)Z. A^ti* 
muftahgyja. ^b fattdh, 
one who opens (God) ; I J» 
^\cl. J\xi qdl ja fattdh ja 
'alym, say your morning 
prayers first ! 

j^{J^".) fi^^^ ( J^fiO'^ ), to be 
tepid, lukewarm : c^ji i.u> 
himmetoh fltret, he is 
discouraged. ^rU fdtir, 
tepid, lukewarm. 

jifitr, space between the 
ends of extended thumb and 
forefinger, pi. Jci\ aftdr, 
J.y(JL:i) fatas (jiftis), to 
spread a rumour, divulge 
a secret. jLa/'a^i/s, to search, 
inspect; ^Ic Ul:» fattisna 
'aU'hum, we looked for them, 
we inspected them. JLii'l 
infatas, or ^_;S^■I itfatas, to 
be spread, divulged. jLiill 
it fat t is, to be searched, 
inspected. jL;» fats, act of 
spreading a rumour, divulg. 
ing a secret. jLci; taftys, 



search, inspection, pi. 
jl.iUt tafatys ; ^ J\ JLi^; 

taftys er raj. Circle of 
Irrigation; Jj^il ^fj wakyl 
taftys, assistant_inspector. 
^lijkmufattis, inspector, pi. 
C^L:i» mufattisyn. 
AJ,a» fatf&ta, see oi 
j:j ( j:i. ) /"aiSag (jiftaq) or 
fattaq, to undo sewing, rip 
a garment, rend ; Ai^jt a! j:» 
fattaq loh ^ujAboh^ he 
upbraided him. j:ii' I mfa^a^. 
Or j:irl itfataq or it fattaq, 
to be rent, undone, ripped. 

J/i. maftAq, or j:i* 
mufattaq, rent, undone, 
ripped. 4J:i« .j^la- haldwa 

mufattaqa, native jam 

made of molasses j-:iJ 
taftyq^ act of undoing 
sewing, ripping a garment, 
rending. j:»fatq^ rent in a 
garment, pZ. jy.» futuq. 
J:» {^a/) fatal (j if til) ^ to twisf, 
spin. J:» fat til, to twist or 
spin one thing after the 

other. J:i;l in fatal, or J:ij"| 
itfatal, to be twisted, 
spun, J^ii. maftdl, twisted, 
spun. J:J /"a^Z, act of twist- 
ing, spinning. 4-:» fatla^ 
needleful of thread, pi, Ja 
/iittZ, or c,^j fatldt. 

t>U ( jtii ) /'aian (j if tin), to 
denounce, tell the faults of 
another, stir up revolt. az> 
fitna, sedition, communica- 
tion of another's faults, jb 
fattdn, or ^»e.::> fitnagy, 
calumniator, pi. ^jjila fatto- 
nyn, or 4.-?t::» fitnagyja. 

icjifutna, blossom of the sant 

Ay fatta, seec^ 

»p fittuwa, ringleader, athlete, 

strong, pi ^\p futuwdt. 
ji (ji,) fata (jifiy ), to give a 
legal decision. ji:-l istafta, 
to ask the solution of a 
learned or judicial question. 
iSf-i fatwa, legal decision 
or opinion, pi. ^^ly fatdwy, 
or oly* fatiodt, jXi. mufty, 




Mohamedan judge who 
delivers the fatwa, mufty. 

^ifttyl, wicks, sg. J^St fityla, 
pi, J,l:> fatdjil ; ^ri fityla, 
small bottle, phial. 
*cl»t» fagd^a, see »se.» 

j^fagr^ dawn, aurora ; j^l /.. 
min el fagr, before day- 

j^' /M5'r,debauchery.j>.lj fdgir, 
debauchee, immoral, shame, 
less, pi. jii- fuggdr. 

^faga\ or «cli fagd^a, 
gluttony. cjVi- fag'dn, 
glutton, pi. tjjll«=<J fag^anyn. 

d^flgl, radish, sg. 4i- figla, 

pi. ^%J> figldt. 

i/y^fttg&rny, impulsive, hasty. 

j\^ falihdr,see ji>- 
.< . 
(»^fahhdm, see J- 

^^{.:^v) fahat (jifhat)^io dig. 

»;,.jti>l infahat, or ^:,5cill 

itfahat, to be dug. sL^ti. 

mafhCit, dug. ^i faht, act 

of digging. 
j»c»(j»eii) fahar(Jifhar),scc if 
iLoJtfahia, prostitution, lust. 

J.>-\i fdhis, excessive, out- 
rageous, disgraceful. <Li>-l» 
fdhsa, prostitute, pl.^--\^ 
J»J ( Jsti. ) fahhal, to grow 
fat, be enormous. ^yfcX* 
mu fahhal, fat_, enormous, 
pi. Jj_t fumi; J_i. 
^_^yU fahl gamds, a fine 
buffalo ; ^C. J ji /a/iZ rt^m- 
mdn, a large pomegranade. 
=e.» (.'ci) fahham,io turn to coal, 
be as black as coal ; ^—jJj i 
/"a/im balady, charcoal ; i 
iSj^ fahm hagary, mineral 
coal. **.t fahma^ piece of 
coal, pi. >i,\j. fahmdt. ^ 
fahmy, black as coaljj^l 
^ iswid /"aAmi/, jet-black. 
*\i fahhdm, coal merchant, 
pl.C^»\>:J» fahhamyn, or a^Uj 

i- /'a^A, trap, snare, pi. ryi: 
fufM, or ^lil a/'6<i6. 

jUcJ fubhdr, SCO .j^i-U 

Jiij /"a/jfZ, or tXi- fahda, thigh, 
pi. jl;il afbdd, or ^Ij^ 



fahddt ; ^ijU- ;Asi fabdet 
ho-riif, leg of mutton, 
jiti _j^\{jkzki)ifta}iar(jiftifi,ir), 
to boast, be proud of. jic:« 
muftil}ir, boasting, proud. 
Jczi* muftahar^ splendid, 
rich, excellent, magnificent, 
superb, ji fal}r, or jlit:>l 
iftilidr, pride, boast. 
^«j .;ti!J^"l ( ^iiji^i ) itfahfah, to 
vaunt, be luxurious. 4ica^» 
/(a^/'a^a,pride, vanity, show, 
pomp, luxury. 
ici(ji'.) falil^am, to praise 
highly,glorify •i' I ii/'a[i/jam, 
to be praised, glorified. >£* 
mufafiliam , praised, glorified, 
honourable, ^ii' tafUym, 
glorification. )cAid> fafya^ 
matlu, His Highness ( title 
of the Grand Vizier). 
Ijj fida, see tJJi 
j,|ji» fadddn, acre of land(=4200 
square meters ), pL aIjjI 
afdina, or (^jj*.* /?drt, or 
Ci.i^-^'* fadadyn. 
i^s\Xifiddwy^ athle te, robust rnan. 

giant, brigand, pi. aj^'a' 
c5A» ( (SSh ) fada ijifdy), to 
redeem, ransom. (^Jiil 
infada^ov issuS itfada, to 
be redeemed, ransomed. 
;^Ji. mafdy, redeemed, 
ransomed. Sst fida, or ajj^ 
fidja, ransom, pi oVtjj 

j { jii ) farr ( yi/irr ), to 
escape ; ^j\» } farr hdrib, 
he escaped, he ran away. 
jj farfar, or LikJ fatfat, 
to flutter, flap the wings. jlj J 
fardr, escape, flight ; Ja-lj 
j\j rdgil fardr, a fine 
rascal. . j< *j»/"arr^ra,spinning 
top, whirligig, pi. Zt^x) 
furrerdt, j_i. mafarr^ 
place of escape or refuge ; "i 
ix* Jla la mafarr minnoh^ 
inevitable , certain. ,jj 
far far a, or nkikj fat fata, 
act of fluttering, flapping 
the wings. 

\*Jfarra^ seenj* 




*.^\j fardsa, see^j 
j.\y)farrds,see j.j 

J\jfurdq, see jj> 

^S'jfarrdm, see ^j 

^\'j farrdn, see C)j 
"iiSjferdwla* strawberries. 

J^jfarhala* flouncing. 

C^j firt, belly, stomach. 

S^j{>3jji) fartikj to tear to 
pieces, destroy, dissipate, 
disperse. dJJjiil itfartik, 
to be torn, destroyed, 
dissipated, dispersed, diiji* 
mufartih, torn, destroyed, 
dissipated, dispersed. 4^ J 
fartika, act of tearing to 
pieces, destruction, dissipa- 
tion, dispersion. 
A^^yjfortiina^* fortune, wealth, 
tempest on the sea, pi. 
oVi/jJ fortundt; *^yj 4I J/' 
"amal loh fort{ina,he has 
made a fortune. 

2:>( {r/l)f^^o,9 (Jifrig ), or 
r}\0'frag^io set free,acquit^ 
relieve, release; Jlry farag 

el gamm, he recreated 
himself; dLlc \^>-jk ^.J 
rabbina jifrigha 'al4k, 
may God relieve you of 
your difficulty! ^j farrag, 
to relieve, dispel, show; 
Ij Jc ^Jfarragny ''ala da, 
show me thislr-jL"! itfarag, 
to be set free, acquitted, 
relie ved,released. ^>" \ it far- 
rag, to see for one's self, 
7-lj» wyr(Jgf,acquittal, release. 
r} fo-rag^ relief, ease, 
comfort ; rji\ r-ll" jj.-»l\ e? 

sabr muftdfy elfarag, after 
clouds sunshine ; ■rj \^ »_^ 
bukroL fyha farag, we will 
see to it tomorrow ; lul r-y 
faragalla, ancient gold 
coin, pZ.o!A>\ ^jfaragalldt. 
it^J furga^ show, pi. ^J 
furag, or ^Uj» f'urgdt. 
r-jii.maia/"arrjgr ^spectator, 
pi. <j<»-jii. mutafarrigyn. 
r-ji /"ar^jT^ sexual organ in 
the female. 
Kf^jfaragyja, loose robe, pi. 




C-V-^-jj faragyjdt, 

rj» (r/l) fi^^^ ^ j if rah ), to be 
glad, happy ; aj r^ firih 
boh, he was glad on his 
account; aJ ^j» /ir j/i /'1//1, he 
rejoiced at his misfortune. 
^'j far rah, to cause to be 
glad, give pleasure, r,' 
farah, joy, happiness, 
wedding, pi. r\J\ afrdh. 
to-j farha, joy, happiness. 
oUjj farhdn, pleased, 
joyful, happy, pi. Cx^\o-Jfar- 
hanyn. ^^iria/'rt/^, pleasure, 
joy, gaiety, j^ljj fardjhy, 
appertaining to the wedding; 
iJt^J LT^ ^^^^ fO'^djliy^ dress 
fit for a wedding, rj^ 
mufarrih, causing joy. 

9-j farl}^ sheet of paper, pi. ^j\ 
afruh, or ^sj furdh ; ^j 
y^jf- farts, 'aqrab, a young 
scorpion, ii-j farha, hen, 
pi. iAj, firdbf or C^i■j 
farbdt; ^j)j ii-j farha 
rdmy, a turkey. 
ijiijii) farad (j'ifrid), to 

separate, put aside, unfold, 
spread out. jyil in farad, 
or jjiil it farad, to be 
separated, put aside, unfol- 
ded, spread out, in good 
humour, jji:-! istafrad, to 
take advantage of a weaker 
person when alone or 
unprotected, njk* mafr&d, 
or jjiumun/iri(i,separated, 
put aside, unfolded, spread, 
out,in good humour. iji/'ard, 
unit, odd number, one of 
a pair, individual, basket, 
pistol, pi. ijj» furdd ; J<>-lj 
iji^ jji rdgil hi fard 
karyma, one-eyed man; 
\^i 'tij fardet wata,a shoe; 
iji OjC ^arabyja bi fard, 
one-horse carriage ; »j> jj> 
fard marra, once only. oj» 
farda, one of a pair, pi. 
Zi\ij farddt. iji> mufrad, 
single^ solitary, singular ; 
ijill bil mufrad, in retail. 
Jljji. mufraddny , single 
person, bachelor ; ^U\ :>\J\ 




afrdd en nds,the public^the 
mosses. Siy faryd^ unique, 
matchless, ji^il in fir Ad, 
solitude, isolation. «Ji.i j 
faryda, 1/2 quire of paper, 
pi, j^JJ fardjid, or oIjjjJ 
faryddi . 
o^J firda, license, tax on 
artisans, pi. ^j firad, or 
^\ij firddt. 

Jj'(Jy:) Z"^^^- (j^fri^), to 
sort, select. jjC\ infaras^ to 
be sorted, selected, jij.* 
mafr^z, sorted, selected. 
jj fars, act of sorting, 
recruiting, selection. 
^j.^J^^ iftaras (Jiftiris), to 
devour. ^jmjJ\ itfarras, to 
look attentively, reflect. 
^_^jji-. mafrds, devoured. 
^J.\J^i\ iftirds, act of 
devouring. ^\j fardsa, or 
Ai-ji farsana^ courage, 
bravery,sagacity. ^j^jlumuf. 
taris, devouring, ferocious. 

^j furs, the Persians ; ^^kW i'^, 
bilddel furs, Persia. ^jU 

( oY 

fdrsy, Persian. 

^) faras, mare, pl.^^j\afrds; 
j4^ ^j'j faras el bahr, 
hippopotamus; ^$'^^^j-Jfaras 
en naby, grasshopper, ^jli 
fdris, horseman, hero, pi. 
i^l'j fursdn. 

*.'^j farsana, see ^j 

J-JiJ-Ji) fo-ras (jifris), to 
spread out, furnish a house. 
jTj farras, or ^i.j farsin, 
to brush. J-jill infaras, or 
J;,ji"l it faras, to be spread 
out, furnished. ^}.'Jj\ itfar- 
ras, or j-ijiJl it far sin, io be 
brushed, ^jji. mafrds, 
spread out, furnished. J.y. 
mufarras, or jJ^^k. mufar- 
sin, brushed. j,j fars, 
furniture, bedding, pZ.oUjy 
furusdt ; 9\i'^ J.J fars el 
bayjd\ stall of a dealer ; 
»jk:«i\ JmJ fars el qantara, 
floor of a bridge. *i_^ farsa, 
a bed, pi. y^Aij farsdt. j.y.> 
mafras, table-cloth, pi. 
J.j\i» mafdris. Kij furia, 





or 4.ijy forsa, brash, pi. 
J' J furaSj or ^\Jij fursdt, 
^^ J- J? fofO'S ; jUo i- jy 
forsettumdr^ horse-brush. 
^1^ farrds, valet^ office- 
keeper, purveyor of tents, 
lamps, etc. in weddings^etc. 
pi. CAi\j farrasyn. 
f } ^C"-'*-^ farsah, to bestride. 
*^i^j farsaha, act of 
*uij» fursyna,", pi. 

wluijj fursyndt. 
A^J /'wrsa, opportunity, occasion, 

P^- iyj fur as. 
(J'jdj'jk) farad {J if rid or 
jufrud), to suppose, impose 
duty or tax, apportion, allot. 
^y>ji\ iftarad, to suppose, 
jji^ji. mafr{id, supposed, 
imposed. ^J>j fard^ suppo- 
sition, imposition of a duty 
or a tax, portion of a 
prayer, religious duty,moral 
obligation, pi. ^J>)j fur{ld. 
^\ji\ iftirdd, hypothesis; 
Js>\ji\ ^*alaiftird4fQV \. 

Jej 'ala fard, supposing 
^j{^J>-'.) f<^rat (juf rut ),io 
unstring, pick fruit off a 
bunch. ]>-j farrat, to pick 
fruit off a bunch, part with 
a thing easily or cheaply. 
J»ji;l in far at, or I»_,ir| 
itfarat, to be unstrung 
picked off a bunch. J»^-| 
itfarrat, to be picked off a 
bunchy parted with. JajjiJ 
tafryt, act of unstringing, 
picking fruit off a bunch, 
parting with. i>J fart, 
unstrung, picked off a 
bunch ; i»j ,^ 'inab fart^ 
or iaji. .^e-Hnab mufarrat, 
fallen grapes. ^ j\ firit^ 
cheap, inexpensive, ie'y 
farat, money-interest. 

branches. ?■'_,« mufarra\ 
having branches. 9^far\ 
branch, pi. ^jfurd". j.j 
far^y, minor (detail). Atji. 
mufarra%^ chandelier, pi. 




olcji* mufarra'^dt. 
J^jijt-jil) far an, to cause to 
be naughty , wicked or 
tyrant. jc-_/j'I Itfar'an, to 
be naughty, wicked, tyrant. 
je.yu> mufar'an, naughty, 
wicked, tyrant, tjip^j far- 
^ana, naughtiness, wicked- 
ness, tyranny, unruliness. 
O^y fara^dn, Pharaoh, 
naughty, wicked, tyrant, 
pi, icf-\j fard^na. 

t/ ( fj". ) f^^^ii (J^f^(^9), to 
finish, be empty ; iy j..«H 
el '^s firig^ there is no more 
bread ; a>\:^\ ^ i-J firig 
minel kitdba^ he finished 
writing. i-*J farrag, to 
empty,pour out. i y.^Mstaf- 
rag,io vomit, i j.: tafryg, 
act of emptying, pouring 
out. (ySs fdrig^ empty, 
vacant ; «.jl» a'j^ kaldm 
fdrig, nonsense; f-jUU J fil 
fdrig, uselessly. *c,j\i fdrga, 
herring from which the roe 
has been extracted, i-jj 

furAg,SLCtof finishing. iljiL-l 
istifrdg, act of vomiting. 
J^jiJ^*/i ) farfis, to refresh, 
cause to be in easy circums- 
tances. J^Jji'l it farfis, to 
be refreshed, be in easy cir- 
cumstances. J.iji,mufarfis, 
refreshed, in easy circums- 
tances. i^J farfisa, re- 
freshment, comfort, easy 
iaij ( Jaiji ) far fat, to cut into 

small bits. 
J?j farfur, or ^^ j^j farfur 
samak^ a large fish, pl.j^\j 
ifj^j far f dry, fine porcelain. 
3} ( J>. ) faraq ( jifriq ), 
to separate , distinguish 
between ; 4-.i^ ^tj 4_J-I 
^jiij el hisha faraqet 
hamsa qurds, there is a 
difference of five piastres 
in the account, j'j farraq^ 
to separate, distribute. Jjli 
fdriq, to be separated from, 
leave, quit ; jijli ^j rCih 




fdriqny, or jl}\ ifriqny, 
leave me in peace! jjii| 
infaraq, or jjiTl itfaraq, 
or jjUl iftaraq, to be 
separated , isolated. J>i. 
muftiriq, orj;li. mufdriq^ 
separated from, far from. 
j.;jj; tafryq, separation, 
distribution, jly furdq^ or 
jljol iftirdq, separation, 
departure, j^i. mafraq^ 
by-street, pi. J_,U. mafd- 
riq ; jjU. ^ _,i arfta' 
mafdriq, crossroad. j,_,» 
faryq^ lieutenant-general. 
i^ij firqa, party, division, 
class, pi. jj firaq. jj 
farq, difference, balance, 
pl- J} J furAq, or wl5jj> 
furuqdt ; ijj\yS\ Jj farq el 
tawdzun, lift, difference of 
level between the surface of 
water in the upper and 
lower reaches of a lock. 
*i=\\j furqdta, frigate, pi. zAVdj 
^*j{^j".) tO'rqO'\ to explode, 

burst, make a sound like 
that of an explosion, iji} 
farqa'a^ an explosion, a 
cracking ; j)/>jfurqu^ los^ 
kind of black beetle. 

A.\>j» /'arg'iHa, lash, whip of twis- 
ted cor ds, pi. z^':>^3jfarqi lid t. 

^J i^jk) ,^«^c[fe (jufruk)^ to 
rub. 6j^>\ infarak, or iJ_^"l 
itfarak^ to be rubbed, il^ji* 
mafrCik, rubbed, iijfark^ 
act of rubbing, friction ; J^ 
iij Ids fark, soft almonds. 
^j farka, a rub, pi. zJ^j 
farkdt ; ^^'^} farket 
ka%^ a short walk. 
*^j(JL*r^;) farkis., to scatter, 
disperse. J5^irl itfarkis, to 
be scattered,dispersed.jLr]^. 
miifarkis, scattered, dis- 
persed. aL'TJ) farkisa^ act 
of scattering, dispersing. 

.J (pi,) faram ( jufrum), to 
mince (meat, etc.), cut into 
small bits with aknife.chop. 
/•jiM infaram, or *_,«! it- 
faram, to be minced, cut 




into bits, chopped. *jji. 
mafrCim, minced, cut into 
bits, chopped. »j farm^ act 
of mincing, cutting into bits, 
chopping ; |._,» 4_i- lahma 
farm, meat for mincing. /.Iji 
farrdm, professional cutter 
of tobacco or meat, pi. (jt.l ji 
farramyn. A_,i. mafram, or 
<.ji.'maframa, machine for 
mincing meat, machine for 
cutting tobacco, pi. /.jU. 
C}}-\.*J farmasdn* freemason. 
ijyAtjfarmasonyja, free- 

oU i faramdn* firman, Imperial 
order, pl,zJ^\. jfaramandt. 

aI._,» farmala, or iL»J farmyla^ 
fender, brake, pi. JJ_> fa- 
rdmil, or .!>% J far maid t. 
^} farmalgy, brakeman, 
pi. *.i!^'j farmalgyja. 

A.,J> firma* signature, pi. zX^j 

jjji /wrn, *oven, bakery, pi.(2,l^>l 
afrdn,. ,^1 j» farrdn, baker, 

pi. a<i\'J farranyn. 
fj •^>'' ^■tJ'-i) itfamag* to 
adopt European habits or 
manners. ^ j.u m itfamag , 
one who adopts European 
habits or manners. i<<- j 
farnaga, adoption of Eu- 
ropean habits or manners. 
J-}\uf rangy or af rangy, 
European, pi. fy\ ufrang 
or afrang ; J^jH\V^\el 'aja 
el fi/'/"0(n^f/,venereal disease. 
^yVI .i^t bildd el ufrang, 

l-.i,» faransa, France. i^iKJ^j 
faransdwy, French, pi. 
*»jL.iy faransawyja. 

dl'y ferank, or ^)\ afrank' 
Franc, pi. o'^y ferankdt. 

si>j ( Ji»ji; ) farhad, to exhaust 
( by excess of walking in 
hot weather, etc. ). -i»ji« 
mufarhad, exhausted., Jl*j» 
farhada, exhaustion. 

ri}farrtg, chiclten, hen, pi. 
^j\j fararyg.^j\) fardr- 
gy, chicken.seller,p/. 4:>-jlj» 





'^3 J furAg, see '^} 

»3j* farwa, fur, fleece, pi. <^>^j 
fardwy. »^jiU ,jxu naff ad el 
farwa,io criticize, censure, 
punish. \'j farra, furrier. 

to slander ; ,ylc. iSj^\ iftara 
'alShum, he slaadered them. 
IjUl iftira, slander. (SJi» 
muftary, slanderer, pi. 
u<ljli.» muftaryjyn. 

JjJ faryd, see ij 

,jj furrira, see _,♦ 

Jij» fo^ryq, see jy 

j» (>.) fO'^^ (jifi^^), to jump 

up ; U» J. j,» /'i^^ min hena, 

leave this place! begone! ,'y 

fassa, a jump, pi. o'j* 

j^ ( jjk ) /"ct-tt^ { jufzur ), to 
cause to burst. jjiMnfasar^ 
or jjiTi itfasar^ to burst, 
ji^i. maf^ii r,burst. jjfasr, 
act of bursting. 

ti ( ^>! ) Z'*^*' (jif^cC), to 
threaten, frighten ; *ic p^j* 

U.aJli /'a^'a.' 'aZ^/i 6iZ ^asdja, 
or l,UJl) A.> fr^ fasa' fyh 
bil "asdja^ he threatened 
him with a stick, he flew 
at him with a stick. t--Ju\ 
infa^a\ or py!\ itfa2a\ 
to be frightened. 9- t y.' 
mafs{i\ frightened. *& y 
faz'a, a threat, a fright, pi. 
^•^* fisa, see vJ 

^U» fasdd, see jl-J 

i5i-^ fustuq, pistachio nuts, s^'. 
A.«:-.» fustuqa, pi c-lS:-* 
fustuqdt. j.tJ> fustuqy, 
sea-green colour. 

^-.»(^_) /"asa/i (jifsah), to 
make room, exaggerate. ♦="' 
fassah, to make room, 
promenade. *--*'l itfassah, 
to promenade, ease nature. 
^'-i fasah, room, place, f^ 
fash, exaggeration , lies. 
i.^J> fasaha, hall, open 
space, pi. o\»t-j fasahdt^or 
^ fisah. i^J> fusha, pro- 
menade, airingj holiday. 


vacation, pi. oU^ fushdt. 
^L> fassdhj one who exag - 
gerates, one who talks big. 

^ ( ^-i ) fasal} (j if sab ), to 
cancel, resiliate, stretch ( a 
book), cut into two parts, 
fade ( colour). ^-.» fassali, 
to stretch a book, cut into 
many parts. piL^\ itfasali, 
to be cancelled,, resiliated, 
stretched, cut into two 
parts, ^-i"! itfassal}, to be 
stretched, cut into many 
parts. ^^-.i4 mafsAl}, can- 
celled, resiliated, stretched, 
cut into two parts. ^^, 
mufassad., stretched, cut 
into many parts. *^' faslj, 
act of cancelling,stretching, 
cutting into parts, fading, 
,^\i.-i fasahdny, see '■^^ 

Juj( x^a ) fasad ( jifsid ), to 
corrupt, spoil. A-J fisid, or 
ji-^il in fasad, to be cor- 
rupted, spoiled.^ ^'sifid, 
or tNU-j fasddn, corrupted. 

spoiled, immoral, pi. jti^-^ 
mafsudyn, or (j|<;|ji-.» fas- 
dan yn . iLj/asddjCorr uptbn, 
immorality. JI.-.L. mufsid, 
corrupter, knave, pi. ^s^i> 
j^ ( _,-.ij ) fassar, to explain. 
j^\ it fassar, to be explained, 
j.-i:-.l istafsar, to inquire. 
j.Ji, mufassar, explained. 
^"-i4 mufassir, one who 
explains, commentator, pi, 
Cy.j.'^*-' mufassiryn. ^-ir 
tafsyr^ explanation, com- 
mentary, sense, meaning, 
pi. ji-lii tafasyr, or Ji^ljt-j; 
tafsyrdt. jl-it-l istifsdr^ 

C)\L^ fustdn,* ladies' gown, pi. 
i^'U.i fasatyn. 

^JJ>.J^ ((j»L-ii) fasflSy to be 
superstitious, have whims 
and fancies. ^J^ mufasfis, 
one who is superstitious, 
one who has whims and 
fancies. ^■--♦Li ^^ "aqlok 
fasafysy,he is superstitious. 



he has whims and fancies. 
A^i-«.» fasfisa, superstition, 
imagery, fumes of fancy. 
4.-y-j/'as/'!isa,small abscess, 
pi. ,j-jl^ fasafys. 

j-.» ( j-.i, ) fassaq, to prove 
false. j-iTl it fassaq, to be 
proved false. j-.M?nM/'as«ag, 
proved false. tafsyq, 
act of proving false. 

AX-j fasqyJa,{oun.ta.mJet d'eau^ 
pi. JLi fasdqy. 

^^i{^{}fisy (jifsy), io break 
wind. ^ fassa, to break 
wind repeatedly. ^^» /"ast/, 
or A~-ir tafsyja, act of 
breaking wind.*;-J fasja, a 
wind, /)Z. cA-Jifasjdt , or l-.» 
/"iso- ; v_<>^l-i /isa kildb, 
blossoms which have no 
perfume. (^\^i fassdj, 
sorry fellow. 

^^i fisyji, Egyptian salted 
fish, Egyptian herring, sg. 
Ak-J fisyha, pl- vi.W-;-J 
fisylidt. jU.-.» fasalidny, 
one who sells /'isj/fe, pZ. 

ajUc-J fasahanyja. 

J^i(J-'l)f(^ss (jifiss), to force 
a lock open ; J.* »jj\\ el 
waram fass, the swelling 
has subsided; yj ^Ic JL» fass 
gulloh fyhum, he vented 
his wrath upon them. J^;| 
in/'ass, or jLii I it fass, to be 
forced open. j:» /ass, act of 
forcing a lock open. JLi. 
mifass, snob, ostentatious, 
one who gives himself airs. 
A.ij /'issa, lung, pl, JLij 
/isas. j;-_,i« fasAs, failing, 
abortive. Ji.^-i.> *i<j>U' aSIJ.! eZ 
masdla tiVet fasAs, the case 
turned out to be a failure. 

jLi» fisdr, roasted maize. 

jV-» fassdr, see ^li 

^i» (^iij) /"asa^i ijifsali), to cut 
a thing into two, open the 
legs. ^iiM in fasali, or 7c.Zm\ 
itfasaf},lo be cut,open.»-^ii. 
mafsAb^fCutj open, ^ifa^^ 
act of cutting, opening, a* 
fasba, a step, a pace, a 
stride, isZ. wUt-ii fasbdt. 




j±i{j,li) fasar [jufsur), to 
exaggerate, tell a lie; iJ^l^ 
fasar el mulCik^ kings 
cannot be better off! ^li 
fasr^ exaggeration, lies, 
garrulity. jll>, one 
who exaggerates, one who 
talks big, braggadocio, pi. 
(jt^Vij fassaryn. 

jOi ( jCiu ) faskil, to confuse, 

put into disorder. jCiUl 

itfaskil, to be confused, put 

into disorder. ^^fiLi.>mufas- 

kil, confused, in disorder. 

^i» faskila, confusion, 


*.ii flssa ^and j.^^* fastis, see^i 

or' iif-h) Ma (jifsy), to reveal. 

sii. mafsy, revealed, liji 

ifsa, act of revealing. 

^il.l* fusik,* cartridges, sg. i^Jj> 
fus^ka, pi oSCii fusekdt ; 
Ij* vil.ii /"ait'/c hacoa, blank 
^ /'ft'?^", see ^-»> 

ao-Ia* fasdha, see T^wa* 

»al.4» fisdda, see Jt..a» 

^ (,.L.Ao ) fasah (jifsah ), to 
explain, talk intelligibly. 
^^ \ itfassah, to be eloquent. 
4p-LJ fasdha, eloquence, 
intelligence. ^.-a» fasyh, 
eloquent, intelligent, pi, 
W^ fusaha. 
A^ ( jt^i, ) /(flsad ( Jifsid or 
7a/'.sad^,to bleed(surgically). 
Ji..^i.l infasad, or xai;l 
itfasad, to be bled. j^^. 
mafsdd, bled. Juaj /"asd, or 
».il-ai fisdda, phlebotomy. 
^.4> (^jA.aJjJ/'a^^sa.s, to shell, cut 
into slices. ^Ja.a^•\ itfassas, 
to be shelled, cut into slices. 
^Ja.^'. m a /'a.s-.ja;;, shelled, cut 
into slices. ^Jai fass, precious 
stone, pi, ^y>y■^ fusus ; ^Ja> 
(^jli'jj fass burtuqdn, piece 
of an orange; ^ J^lj rdgil 
fuss, a snob, an ostentatious 
man; ^* jja» fass malh, a 
lump of salt ; v_,ljj I' jjAi 
/"ass malh we ddb, he gave 
me the slip, he suddenly 





j^( J-»ij) fasal (jifsil), to 
separate, bargain ; J.-»>\ 
Yj) ifsil Mnhum, judge 
between them I ^^1 J^l 
ifsil et iaman, name the 
price I 4.:aJij jp ,^W» fasaldh 
"an wa2yftoh,ihey relieved 
him from his duties. J-a* fas- 
sal,to detail, cut out a dress, 
order a dress, etc. ; J-ii. ^ 
•^:J u^-"' huwa Jifassal 
itnin sayjak^ he is twice 
your size ; 4.. 3* jj^^i I' I ana 
fassalt gasma, I ordered a 
pair of shoes. J-»'.» fdsil, to 
bargain. J^il in fasal, or 
J-iiMif/'astti^to be separated, 
valued. jlaiJl itfassal, to be 
cut ( dress, etc. ). J^-ii. 
mafsAl, separated, valued. 
J-ai* mufassal^ cut to 
measure. Jj-aii tafsyl, act of 
cutting a dress ; J^i>' c jJ^* 
huddm tafsyl, clothes made 
to order; ^^Aiitafsyl, detail, 
particulars,/)/. J^^\iJtafasyl, 
or w!>L.air tafsyldt ; Jj-aiJl 

bi7 tafsyl,m detail. Jwii fast, 
separation, bargaining, 
valuation; J^» /■asZ,chapter, 
seasan of the year, pi. J^ 
fusul ; ijl J-a> /asZ bdrid, 
or ^yi.»l; J-aJ /'asi ndqis, a 
mean or disgraceful act. 
J.^ls /"ct.s-rZ, partition, pi. 
J^ly fawdsil. JLiJ /isdZ, or 
4j.-9'i. miifdsla, act of bar- 
gaining, valuation. Jl-»i."l 
J.^i* mafsalj articulation, 
joint, pi. J--»li. mafdsil; ^j 
J.*lili waga'' el mafdsil^ 
hinge,pZ. z>^{.^i.mufassaldt. 
i^y^fa.mlja, French beans. 
!f^* f(^syh, see *i*' 
L>^ ( (j^»i ) Z^''^^''/ ( jufudd ), to 
end, finish; .4— .M ^> fuddes 
syra, or tjj.- l^Jj fuddaha 
syra, or (i:> «^J\ j« dU» 
fuddak min es syra dy, 
drop this subject 1 ^^» di-i> 
Jjii fuddak min el hazl, 
jesting apart 1 jaJi faddad, 




to silver-plate, (jiii I infadd, 
or ,_^"1 itfailil, to be ended^ 
finished; Is, ^i,l info/ld 
baqa, have done! ^-ii."l 
itfackjctfl^to be silver-plated. 
^_^.^ir tafdyd, act of silver- 
plating. aJj fadda, silver, 
para (1/40 part of a piastre). 
<uii faddyja, silver-plate, 
pla(e, pi. ^Laf faddyjdt. 
l-fl» fada^ see vi* 

^-i»(^". ) /'ar/a^ (jifdah), to 
disgrace. 7=..A> faddah, to 
disgrace one after the other. 
f^"\ infadah, or ^^''"l itfa- 
dah, to be disgraced. J'i* 
fddih^ disgraceful. ^ ,-ki* 
ma/'f/ii/^^disgraced. ^*fadh, 
act of disgracing. ^..c-JJ 
ftdyha, disgrace, />Z. *i\.-i» 

Jjii ( JJ^. ) /t'./J/ (jifdal), to 
remain, continue ; Jil-i» l> 
iJU» ma /ic./tZs hendk, he did 
not remain there ; ^>iU J^» 
/I'./ti mdsy, he continued 
walking. Jii» faddal, to 

prefer, favour. J^"l itfad- 
dal, or JJii; tafaddal, deignl 
please 1 pray! helpyourselfl 
Ji*;i J-ai? ta faddal ug^ud, 
pray take a seat I .jU" J-iol 
il faddal sigdra, will you 
have a cigarette. ? ^^i^ J-^ii"! 
itfaddal "^s, help yourself 
to some bread I ^y>\i fddil^ 
remaining, left, continuing; 
U» J-ili Ij'I ana fddil hena, 
I will remain here ; Jc J^'i 
-^. j.S^iJy-. /"dfZ/Z 'aZa sa/a- 
raA: kdm j6rn, how long 
will it be before you leave? 
when will you leave ? J-i» 
fadl^ merit, credit, favour, 
kindness, pi. JlJisi af.ldl; 
J^» ^o-U sd/ij6 fad.l,OT J^li 
fddil, meritorious ; dil-a» j« 
min fOfllak^if you please! 
4I.J1J /"a'./to, surplus, remnant, 
pi. JJi» fudal^ or o!>U> /"arZ- 
Zd<; dUj jp '!A-i> fad Ian 'an 
zdliq, moreover , besides 
that. i^.u>» fatlyla, virtue, pi. 
J)Li» fU'ldjil. 



Ajj faddO', see jaS 

^s^(J>ii) Ply (J^fdct),io be 
empty, vacant, at leisure ; '^ 
^^»l lamma afcja, when 
I shall have time. ^yA» fadda^ 
to empty, vacate. (oii fddy, 
empty, vacant, at leisure ; 
j_jil» ji.. lil ana mus fddy,\ 
am busy, I have no time. l-a» 
fada, space, leisure, time ; 
\_Jl> ^j\ ard fada, waste 
land, open ground. 
As6.Ji» fidyha, see ^* 

4-Ji» fad y la, see JJi> 
Jai ( Jail) fattijufuti ), to jump, 
shot out. «,!»» fatta, a jump, a 
shot, pZ. >:.lks /'aWdf. 

A<\W> fttdma, see U 
_,k» (_Jaii /?^ir ( jiftar'*, to break 
one's fast, eat during rama- 
ddn. jU» faljar, to cause to 
break one's fast , give 
breakfast to one, cause to eat 
during ramaddn.jl\> fdtir, 
or o'j^» fatrdn, one who 
has had his breakfast, one 
who is not fasting. J^^\ s.t. 

'yd el fatr^ Bairam. j,k» 
ftitdr, breakfast. iSj^^ fi- 
tdry, food not allowed in 
lent. j\k» fi{yr, pastry, 
tarts, sg. .^ikj fityra, pi. 
jAl^* fatdjlr, or vi^ljjki 
fifyrdt. C.ijjk» futurdt, 
pastries. ifj^\^> fatdtry, 
pastry_cook, pi. A)_,J,lk» 

^j-kj (,_^ki,) fitis ' jiftas), to be 
choked,suffoca ted, strangled, 
die. |_^k» fattas, to choke, 
suffocate, strangle, kill. tjl_k» 
fatsdn, dead. ^_;~;kj fUys', 
carrion, ^_^;ki; taftys, act 
of choking, suffocation, 
kj {j*.ii)fatam(juf turn) , to wean 
an infant, kii'm/'a^am, or k;;l 
Itfatam, to be weaned ^^k« 
maftum, weaned. 4..lkj fi- 
tdma, act of weaning. 

j^k» fu{&r, and j^k» fityr, see jki 

^_^.L> fitys, see ^_^kj 

Aklkj /a*d^a, rudeness, impolite- 
ness. Jii /'a^^,rLide, impolite. 




Jo ( J«i.) fa'al (jifal ), to do ; 
l(j» J.> /'a'ai /"y/ia, or J«ii-l 
ljj» istafal fijha, he had 
sexual relation with her. 
Jaiil m/"a'aZ,or J.iii itfa^al, 
to be enraged ; a.\c J.iJl 
infa^al 'al^h,he was furious 
at him. J.:»l ifta'al, to com- 
mit, forge. J.i:-! istafal, 
(0 have sexual relation. J«» 
ft' I, action, deed, verb, pi. 
Jliji afdl. y.ifi'lan, in fact, 
actually. JcU /'d'tZ, actor, 
doer, labourer, workman, 
pi. 4-'> fu^ala. J'«i;i infi'dl, 
emotion, rage. Jl.:*! iftVdla, 
forgery, injury done on 
purpose, pl.^S\^-^'ifti'aldt. 
-wis* faqqdqa, balLflsh, pi :.\il'»» 

s&{ JSi) )faqad ( jifqad ), to 
lose. J.;'* fdqid, or j^s« 
mafqud, lost, missing ; ji)^\ 
Ij j/iU eZ loalad el mafqdd 
da, this young rascal I .Jisi 
faqda, a loss, pZ. sLlasi 


> ijh) f(^Q(^^ (JifQir-), or jJil 
afqar, to impoverish, jli 
/jg«>, or jial iftaqar, to be. 
come poor. _,;>/iag5ar,to nod 
(in sleep"'. JA fuqr, poverty^ 
need, necessity; ^Jl Ji fuqr 
ed damm^antemi&.j^iifaqyr^ 
poor, needy, miserable, pi. 
\jA fuqara ; Jlil j^Si J»-lj 
rdgilfaqyr el hdl, a noedy 
man, a poor man. 
.i {^iij)faqas(Jifqis'),lo hatch 
(eggs) ; >_^^»IU \-~~j) faqasna 
elmat'{ib,\\e discovered the 
trick. ^» faqqas, to cause 
to hatch. ,_pJi;i infaqasj or 
^i"l itfaqas, to be disco- 

is» ( J.i!u \ faqas {jifqis ), to 
smash hollow things. ,JJi 
faqqas, to smssh one thing 
after another. jLiiil infaqas, 
or J.iu\ itfaqas, to be 
smashed. j.}ii' mafqds, 
smashed, ^.y, tafqys, act 
of smashing. 




SaSi ( kail ) faqqat, to write 
numbers in words. iiJi;l 
itfaqqat, to be written in 
words. JaSi. mufaqqat, 
written in words.; taf- 
qyt, act of writing numbers 
in words. Jaij faqat, only, 
not more. 

^{^kijfaqa' (jifqa'),io burst, 
cause to burst ; asIc -usj 
faqa^oh 'alqa, he gave him 
a thrashing ; j\jL, «*» /aga' 
mjstottr, he waliied a long 
distance; ^JA~>■ »»» faqa^ gys, 
he broke wind; ^SCi? .ij /ag'a' 
(lihka, he burst out laugh- 
ing ; JLiuSii U ma tifqa^nys, 
do not disgust me! »«» faqqa\ 
to burst one after the other. 
.2iJ I in/'a^a'^ to burst. <.^si. 
ma/'^ii'jburst; «.^2i. mafq&\ 
idiot, foolish, pZ. ».»li. 
^y> or j^y^» faqqAs, kind of 
large cucumber, s^*. *.-.^4» 

^ fiqy, school-master, reader 

or reciter of the Koran, pi, 
l^4» fuqaha, 

jr;2» faqyr, see ji 

Si ( diij ) fakk {jufukk ), to 
untie, unscrew, take to 
pieces (machine^ ;^J''^\Si 
fakk el fulUs, he changed 
the money ( against small 
chimge); j.a:^Si fakk hsar,he 
urined, he relieved nature ; 
-«ll-l> Si fakk elmasdla,he 
solved the question ; xi.J> Si 
fakk dyqoh ,he relieved him 
(from want); ^ 'y ^» fakk 
ga tod m, escape at once 1 Si 
i;:j_)i-l fakk el huzn, he is out 
of mourning. vii$o fakkik, 
tocause tountie.dliJi itfakk, 
to be untied^ unscrewed, 
taken to pieces, relieve 
nature. il/^.ma/'/jf'ifejUnticd, 
unscrewed, taken to pieces. 
Si fakk^ act of untying, 
unscrewing, taking to pie- 
ces. <iSo fakka, or ^. 
mifakka^ small change, 
pleasure, gaiety ; Ja-lj 





j$o ^.^y^rdgilsdhib fakka, 
free liver_,carpet knight, dli* 
mifakk^ screw-driver, pi. 
O^i. mifakkdt. 

J^ ( J^K ) fc^kkar, to remind. 
_^»l iftakar, to think, 
remember ; *.J J^'l iftikir 
fyh, thing of him ! remember 
himi j.jL ,^\ iftikroh bi 
girs, do not forget to give 
him a piastre! f\i fdkij\ or 
jCi. muftikir, thinking^ 
remembering? fi fikr, 
pi. J^>\ afkdr, sjCj fikra, 
mind, intelligence; .JCjUaJp 
kallimoh ^ala fikra,[e\\ him 
before you forget 1 ,jCir 
^a/'/€ ira, reminder,pi. o'jCii" 

4S0 (^i) fakah ijifkih), to eat 
fruit. 4M^ flkih, savoury, 
flavoury. i,f\i fdkha, fruit, 
dessert, pi. ^'Hy faiodkih, 
j\fj> fakahdny^U^nh-soller^ 
pi. *.^\fi fakahanyja, 4»l^» 
fakdha^ flavour. 

J» i J^:) fall iji fill ). to cut, 
escape ; Ju jj>l Vl Oj atl Ji V 
to Jifill el hadyd ilia el 
had yd, diamond cut diamond. 
Jili falfil, to season with 
pepper ; jj i),i UliU falfllna 
suwayjet rusz, we cooked 
some rice. Jili. mufalfil, 
seasoned wih pepper; Jii. jj 
ruz2 mufalftl^ boiled rice, 
pilaw ; Jili. jjj walad mu~ 
falfil, a smart boy, a quick 
boy, an intelligent boy. jSli 
fdlil, escaping. JiU filfil 
pepper, pepper-trees, sg. 
4^1* fllflla, pi, c^'!:k-^ 
J» fall, kind of jasmine, Arabic 
^% faldty, seCviJj 
^:>U /"aW/i and falldh, see »^li 
^^ /iZdn or fuldn, or J:iU\ ^^^ 
/"aZdn ei fuldny, a certain 
person. So-and-so ; **-\y^\ 
^!^ eZ dawdga fuldn, Mr. 
So-and_so ; o^J 0^ /"wMn 
toe 'illdn, such and such 




persons, all the world and 
his wife ; J^il\ ±\\ a._j ^j 
dafa' fyh essd el fuldny,he 
paid a large price for it. aJ^ 
fuldna, a certain woman. 

j^ fildw,* boiled rice, pilaw. 
^^ fahXjky, see ^}ji 

cJi {cyi>)falat (Jiflit ), or jj,iii 
infalat, to escape, be let 
loose, be free. cAu\ itfaltin, 
to lead a fast life, have 
sexual relation. o.\l» /'dZi^, or 
w^i. mafldtj loose,at large; 
^^i. jjljp ^ijdroh ma f 10,1^ 
he is out of order. ^ falat, 
debauchery. J'% faldty, 
debauchee, robber^ pl_ aJ^^U 
falatyja. *il> falta, slip, 
freak, unexpected event, pi. 
J\^i faltdt. 

pii .Au\ (pU:t) infalag {jinfi- 
lig ), to be paralyzed, 
frightened. ^j\i. mafldg, 
paralytic, frightened, pi 
fdlig^ paralysis. 

jjj(^i) filih [jiflah), to 
succeed, prosper. M» /"(tii^, 

successful. 7-^ faldh, suc- 
cess, prosperity. 
^\ fillip ''country", country life. 
^^ falldh, cultivator, 
farmer, peasant, pi. j^?-^ 
fallahyn. «o-^ii fildha^ 
cultivation, tillage, j-^ 
falldhy, rustic. 

(jji>(^ii) /aZZf's, to be or cause 
to be bankrupt, penniless. 
^U« mufallis, bankrupt, 
penniless. ,_^.Ur taflys, or 
^'^\ if Ids, bankruptcy, 
insolvency. 4.-.Air taflysa, a 
bankruptcy case. ^J'^ filAs 
or f aids fivd^^Xtf Hay jisdt, 
money, cash, ^-^falasan- 
gy, penniless. 

^jXt fils, anus. 

JlJa .wi-IiM (>_A-li:) ) it falsi f, to 
philosophize, speak the 
highest wisdom. 4.1 Jj/'otisa/'a, 
philosophy, sophistry. 
pi. *i-.;i*>> faldsfa. > 
mit falsi f, sophist, pi. 
^^^i^Li:. mitfalsifyn. 





jjaIU ( ^iU. ) falfas, to struggle. 
4.-ailj falfasa^ struggle. 

^iiifilfil, see Ji 

jU iji-ii ) falaq (Jiflaq), to split 

into two parts ; ^^Ui j^ 

/'aZag' dimdgy^ he annoyed 

me, he bothered me. jli 

falUtq, to split into many 

parts, crack. jUM infalaq, 

or jliil itfalaq, to be split ; 

j.Viil II Ja.p 'ayjat lamma 

infalaq, he cried his heart 

out; jUil inflliq, go and 

hang yourself I jiirl iifallaq, 

to be split into many parts. 

jjli. mafllxq, split. jU. 

mufallaq, split into many 

parts, jii' taflyq, act of 

splitting. J.U /"aig, beam of 

timber, girder^ pi. Jjl> 

fuldq, or wjl* fuUiqa ; J»-lj 

j.U\\ (^j rtlg'fi ray eZ yaig, 

a huge man. 42U falqa, slice, 

half (of a pea, etc.), pi. zMi 

falqdt. Asii falaqa, bois 

aux piedSjpl. o^U falaqdt, 

^U (^siii) falqas, to lower the 


head, bend down. a-iIj 
falqasa, act of lowering 
the head, bending down. 
dWi /"atoA;, sky, firmament ; U 
diiJ\^ilmelfalak, astronomy. 
^» falaky^ astronomer, pi. 
(Jtj-Vx fahxkyjyn. 
iUi /"wi/Cj boat, ark. 
is\i falaka, thigh, buttock, pi. 

o^li falakdt, 
ctii^ falamank, or ^:JiJ /'aia- 
mang, the Dutch, ^ii 
falamanky^ Dutch. jJtUiUj;^^, 
ftiidd ei /"aiamanfe, Holland. 
<i$l:l» /■aian/ca,'sleeper ( irrig. and 

rail. ), pi. oSC;l» falankdt, 
^jii fuliis, see ,_pU 
^^SfilCika or fuldka* small 
boat, canoe, pi. d^^jfaldjik. 
^y.i falAjky^ boatman, pi. 
jiili^ faldjkyja. 
J> (Ju) /"aiia (jifally ), to pick 
out ( from the head, 
dress, bed, etc.). Jii\itfalla, 
to pick out one's vermin. aJui 
taflyja, act of picking out 





o^fallyn, cork. A.i;V» fallyna,Si 
cork, /3Z, oUi» fallyndt. 
ifumm, mouthy orifice^ pi. 
/.lil afmdm; icJW i fumm et 
tir'a, head of canal ; 
»jlf"'li fumm es sigdra, 
mouth.piece;jijD ^ lil afmdm 
lir rass, water-tap jyi! I i 
fumm el bahr, the Barrage ; 
u<i pjil J-.P 5'a6'aZ el 
huddm fummin, he gave 
the clothes two washings. 
^fann^ see ^>o 
b fana, see ^^» 
jVifandr* chandelier, light- 
house, pZ.O I jU> fanardt. 
jy verity* see^:i 
c}<cxSifingdn, cup, joi. ct<»-^^ 

j>,ji ( jstii ) fangar, to open the 
eyes wide, be proud, gene- 
rous. j^\ itfangar, to b^ 
opened wide, proud, 
generous, j^' mufangar, 
wide open. ,_^ fangara, 
act of opening the eyes 
wide, pride, generosity. 

i^jfj fangary, generous, 
open-handed, pi. aj jJti fan- 
^t ( ^j,^ ) fanah (j if nab), to 
cancel, resiliate, go back in 
one's word ; c^k:i \)^\ ^l 
but ix ha fanahet, the betrothal 
is broken off. '■^\i fdnib, 
cancelled, resiliated.i^ /"an^, 
act of cancelling, resiliating, 
going back in one's word. 
ju»(Ji.:i.) fannid, to criticise, 
jijUr tafnyd, criticism, 
jjii ( jJci ) fandaq, to open a 
window or a door wide. 
jjiUJl i7/"aridag,to be opened 
wide. jjci. ma/ianda^jWide 
open, iij^ fandaga, act of 
opening a window or a door 
J^(tr**. ) fannis, to bristle, 
open the wings. ^JxStafnys, 
act of bristling, opening the 
^J^ka funtds , watering-cart ( for 
the streets ), pi. ^j-J»^i> 




jki ( jkiL ) fantas, or jkii'l 
itfantas* to show off. 
jUu. mufantas^ showing 
off. ._)Li fantaza^ act 
of showing off. Ajjk.-'i 
fantasyja, fantasy, show, 

4^ fanella* undershirt,flannel 
shirt, flannel, pi. o yd 

a^ (jiii) fannin, or jjiirl itfan- 
nm, to invent, devise. tjjUT 
tafnyn, invention, devise, 
pi, ijC:\S tafanyn, or olu-ii 
tafnyndt. J* fann , art, pi. 
^yi fundn ; ^^^ ^»-l^ s(Aj^i6 
fann, artful, skilful. 

J> (ji) fana ( jlfny), to cause 
to perish, cause to cease tci 
exist. i^'\ in fana, lo perish, 
cease to exist, b fana, state 
of vanishing, evanescence. 
J\_i fdny, transient^ 

A^ fahd, panther, pi. 3^t» 
K^j^fahrasa^ index of u book. 

pi, jj-jl^i fahdris. 
f^(. f^. ) fthim (j if ham), to 
understand; J ^i> ^» huwa 
jifham fy, he is a judge of. 
^ fahhim, to cause to 
understand, explain, ^il 
infaham, or ^'1 itfaham, 
to be understood. ^-1 
istaf him, to inquire, ask. /l» 
/(4/iJm,onewho understands; 
f\i z^\ enta fdhim, do you 
understand? ^y^i* mafhCim, 
under.stood, explained, 
implied. ^^' tafhym, expla- 
nation, pJ. OW' tafhymdt. 
^ fihm, intelligence, com- 
prehension. ^^ fahym, 
intelligent. 4...^fw mafhumyja^ 
intelligence, comprehension. 
*ljl:-.l istifhdm, inquiry, 
question, pi. ^\\i.'.^\ istif- 
y\y fudd, heart, soul. 

»j'>» fauwdra, sec jU 

Jly fauwdl, see Jy 

i^lTy fciioatdn, see »1<U 

^Uy faivahdn^ see ^U 



oy fdda^ oven mop. 
jjifdr^ see j^ 
^-jy forsa* force, strength. 


ii>^ fdta, towel, napkin, ser- 
viette, pi. J»y fuwat ;ll^j> 
j.i fhtet wisSj towel ; ii-y 
,y- /"ii^ei sufra, or i].y 
jiAil /'ti^ei yd^n, napkin, 

Jy /"(3g, on, up, upon, over, 
above , upstairs; A.»y fdqoh, 
or <:* Jy /'dg niinnoh, over 
him, above him. Jliy foqdny^ 
upper, uppermost; j^z^ Jliy 
foqdny tahtdny, topsy 
turvy, upside down. 

Jy ( J^i) fauwil, to augur evil. 
J.^iT tafwyl, evil prediction. 
JU /"(tZ, omen. Jiy fauwdl, 
one who augurs evil. 

Jy fM, beans, sg. -Jy ({ila, pi 
oVy /"aZti^ ; Jl^,- Jy fAl 
suddny, or ifj^'--' Jy /'riZ 
sinndry, pea- nut ; ^i^eW 't 
fihim el f&la, he found out 

the trick, he understood the 
dodge ; J\^ \ii Aiy JS" /caZi 
fdla we laha kayjdl, every 
bird has its mate; Jy J^si V 
J,^l Jjj-a) jp- la tuqAl fAl 
hatta jisyr fil makjdlj 
do not reckon your chickens 
before they are hatched 1 
J'^i fauwul, seller of beans, 
pi. A\y> fauwdla. 

/yfiiwa, madder, garance, 

Ai^> fdja', foil. 
J fy, in, into, among, at, 
about ; ^J.^ J fy Vs, is 
there any bread? JL_J I. ma 
/"f/s, orJL • fys, there is not ; 
\i» Je^ |J:.» ft/s hadd hena^ 
is there any one here? 
\:» Jr"j J fy r<^g^l hena, 
there is a man here ; j o^ 
J^-'j /c(in /"y rdgil, there 
was a man ; 4AI J fil myja, 
per cent; .r,J\ J t-'j ^<^^ /^^ 
6^^, he went to the house ; 
J jC^t iftikir fyja,ih.\vik\ 
of me; r^i^v Jii-l)' tdljiid fyh\ 
kdm, how much will you 



take for it ? ^j^^ J r\j rdh 
fin n6m,h& fell soundly as- 
leep; J \ihima /"«/, including; 
*->*:£ ij da tamanoh fyh, 
this is worth the price; J<>lj 

J'^'^'^}J'i>'^ f<^9il lo. fis 
wala ^il^s, a man of no 
importance ; ,J~j U 4c\J\ 
A.) )\ es sd'a ma fys arba^a, 
it is not four o'clock yet . 
V fyjo-, rate, price, pi. 
of-» fyjdt. 
fijdska*, flask, pi. ol^L» 

w^-^j fijaskdt. 

{^y.i-)fitaq, to have the 
JV hernia, j-^i. muf^taq, one 
who is suffering from 
liernia. jUi fitdq^ hernia. 

Jj-c' fyrdz^ see jjjl> 

t/i J /"^r/, and jjLiJ fajaddn, see 

Jj /t/i, elephant, /)Z. Jljl a^ydZ. 
^^j fajlasCf, see w_iJj 

V /"t/ya, see J 

^ Z"^^, or tjil ^n, where? jti ^y 
min ^n, or ^i r^. min fin, 
where from? <j;» Jc 'ato f^n^ 
or (juJ ii/"^Ai, where to? diuj 
fSnak, where are you? ^ 
j^ \l /"^n Uxmma jigy, it 
will be long before he 
comes ; Cx.^ ,;;' <^:>J j* huwa 
qarybak min ^n, how can 
he be your relation ? 

yj/'t/nuj'fine, of good quality, 
ij fayjys, generous, liberal, 
open-handed, pi. u^-^t* 


O = <1 

•fe .tz\ (Uj) itgayja, to vomit. 
J Q^Jf ^'Oinit. ^ muqayjy, 

4^fe qdbid, see ^^iJ 

Jjb qdbil, and aJL^ qabilyj'a, 

Jrfe gdi^ii, see J5 
i^ (3j%) 9<W (jiqud ), to light, 
kindle. d\St inqAd^ at jl«( 
itqdd, to be lighted ,kindled 
jLjl< munqAd^ lighted, 
kindled. jiJ g^d^ act of 
lighting, kindling. 
ji\i qddir^ seejji 

„ jii qad&sjar of a water-wheel, 
pi. ^i'y qavDOdys; aJL. 
^ji^sdqja qadus,waier- 
wheel in which jars are used 
for lifting the water. 

fyM qadum, or *>Jij qadd&m, 
adije, pi. ^i\^ qavDodym. 

wj\» gdribj small boat, canoe, 
large wooden bowl for 

carrjTng mortar, pi. ^j^y 

qaicdrib; <_»^ wj\» qdrib 

garfj dish. 
jV^j\» qardn, crcesus. 
4j jU qdrja, yard of a mast, pi. 

O^ij^ qdrjdt. 

u-^ ( cr:^. ) ^'^^ O'i^y*' ), to 
measure ; *J* ^ jxll ^\; gds 
eZ hud&m "^alih, he tried the 
clothes on. ^^_i q<^yjls, to 
cause to measure- ^l£l 
inqds, or ^Ujl itqds, to be 
measured. ^\s^ munqds, or 
^\Sz*mitqds, measured.jj.\J 
qijds, or ^^ miqjds, or 
^\s. maqds, measure, 
standard of measure, pi. 
^ULS qijasdt^ or ,_;-:i^ 
maqajys, or maqa- 
s&t ; ^\J^ ^^'» miqjds en 
nyl, kilometre, Nile gauge; 
^\J qijds, mat ; ,Jji\ ^U- 
maqds el markib, tonnage 


of a ship. jj.ti qayjds, 
measurer, chainman, one 
who daily reads the Nile 
gauge, pZ. ^j^-^» qayjasyn. 
4-U ^aj/jdsa, lighter, barge, 
pi. wLLs qayjasdt, <L-jli. 
muqdjsa^ estiaaate, compa- 
rison, pi. ^LjIi. muqajsdt, 


jutf'i qdsid, see jl-J 

^^\i qdsir^ see ^^ 

J^'^i ja^^ ) qdd (jiqid ;, to be 
worn out.^^li^dyffZjWcrn out. 


JpSi ^drf'-,and ^^U ^af^'", see *1J 
^^\i 5ar6/i, private quay or 
verandah on a canal, pi. 
Jjjily qCLwatyn. 
«.U qd\ bottom, floor, pi. ^Wl» 
qa'dt-, icj^\ «.l; 5(i' ef tir'a, 
bed of canal, icli 94'a,hall, 
room, saloon, pi. ^U\» ga'df. 

»ji*li ijd'da, see ao 

^U ^d/, letter of the alphabet ; 
Cif^^s^^^bil qdf icin n&n, 
in the most accurate manner. 

j^\i qdf la, soe Jii 

AJli qdfja, rhyme, play on the 
words, pi Jly qawdfy -J 
JJ.U* ol5 duU mdsik qdf Jet 
en nds, he is talking about 
people, he is gossiping. 

JU( ^}yi) qdl( juqdl), to say J 
J-«i5 J^^ J€ kdn hyqdl ice 
ji'yd, he spoke at great 
length. Jy qauwll^ to 
attribute a saying to another, 
quote.JU*U'ngdZ,or JUri if 5dZ, 
to be said. ^}iqdjil, sayer, 
speaker, pl_ ^^Si qajlyn. 
Jy <i<il, saying, pi. Jlyl 
aqicdl; JJlj JliJI eZ ^di toii 
9yZ,rumour,gossip, trouble. 
^jSiJ^^ u^Jj** ma rud 
qdlalrydirka,' the following 
statement is respectfully 

J\» ( -J ) qdl ( IVb ), game of 

buck and thorns. 
»Jli qdlib, see ^ 

^U ( *^_ ) qdm ( juqCim ), to 
stand up; »^. ey^.jy.^)^ ^^ 
wabCr jaqum bukra, the 
steamer leaves tomorrow ; 



|J3 o.l*.o ^ \i\ isa qumi 
"amalt keda, if I should do 
so ; ^l> ^' JS" hull min 
qdm, every body ; U, I qAm 
bina, let us go! jTl^l"; } q&m 
bina ndkul, let us eat! cA 
*1 ^U ^ami gaZi Zo/i^ I then 
told him ; LJ\ ^. *\i gdm mm 
ei ^aja, he recovered health. 
*y» qauwim, to cause to rise, 
cause to get up. *l51 a^dm^to 
remain^ stay, set up, raise. 
A\2i^\istaqdm, to bestraight, 
continue, last. ^l» qdjim, 
rising, getting up ; ^y ^l* 
LJ\ qdjim min el '^(xja, 
convalescent ; A* qdjim, 
cylinder, pi. A^ qawdjim. 
AcU qdjma, list, bordereau, 
pi. jrly qawdjim ; jlj. icls 
qdjmet mazdd, feuille 
d'ench^res. ^ ly qawdm, or 

tii*ly qawdmak, quickly, 
at once; *ly 'JU ta''dla 
qawdm, come quickly I ^ly 

qawdm ^ form, figure. 



stralghtforword, just, up- 
right. j.y Qom,or 4..y qdma, 
or ^iJ qijdm, act of rising, 
revolt; A.LiW *^. ydm ei 
qijdma^the day of resurrec- 
tion. /»li4 maqdm, rank, 
dignity, position, tomb of 
s^l}, pi. oUla. maqamdt ; 
^^t^.^l ^li: &j maqdm jomin, 
equivalent to two days ; (rl» 
A\A.qdjim niag<A/n,lieutenant 
colonel ; ^\i\ en nds 
maqamdt^ there are the 
masses and there are the 
classes; ^^-li. »15 ^» huwa 
qdm maqdmy, he replaced 
me. A.l» qdma, stature, 
fathom, pi. oU\i qamdt. 
4.. 151 iqdma, residence,stay, 
sojourn, aj^ Qyma, value, 
duration; ^cL *c' j^j* "^"^ 
qymet sd^a, an hour ago ; 
AC**! Uc js-lj rdgil ^aUh el 
qyma, a respectable looking 
man; i^\j \^ qymet rija- 
Un, about two dollars- 
jT^ti taqwym, calender, pi. 



jTila; taqawym. a.U:-! isti- 
forwardness. ^i qayjim, 
guardian,/)^, ^^^c* qayjimyn. 
»\) i/L) qdm (jiqym), to raise, 
lift, remove. A£>\ inqdm, or 
•lili itqdm, to be raised, 
lifted, removed. 
^y\i qam{ls, dictionary, pi. 

cr:*'y QCiwamys. 
C)y^ qandn, see ji* 
JU qdny, see j_j» 
•j*^ qdhra, see j^i 
ri^ ( ^jU. ) qdwih, to contradict 
openly. 4a-jla. muqdwha, 
open contradiction. ^^U. 
maqdco t'/i Jmpudent,brazen. 
face.1,unblusliing, pi. tjip-i\a' 
AMji\>qdLoirm(X* rich stew. 
Jj\i(JiU) qdwil, to make a 
contract, bargain, agree on 
a price. JjliM itqdwil, to 
be contracted, bargained. 
^}i\lA muqdwil^ contractor, 
purveyor,pZ. (JtjljU. muqaw. 

harga\n^pl.^')i)\.l,muqaiold t. 
-jU ( pU. )qdwim, to oppose, 
resist. t._,y'u muqdwma, 
opposition, resistance. 
jjjU qawAq* felt cap worn by 
Persians; J.i^l» a! j» /la.?^ 
loh qawAq,he flattered him. 
Cjii^* qO'Wij.n'' , kind of melon. 
jj.)jl» qawys, girder, great 

beam, pi. ,1-lijjli qawysdt. 
JL^U qdjis, belt, razor strop, pi, 

J-i'y qawdjis. 
jjiill ( (jij^U ) qdji'l, or ^jk-S* ^j.^ 
darab maqjad^ to barter, 
exchange. A>aAi» muqdjda, 
or (ji..a. maqjad, barter, 
jj\» qdjiq*, small boat, canoe,pi. 

jily qawdjiq. 
Ji^ gtiyiZ, see Jy 
^li qdjim,see A> 
w» (^o)q'a66 ( JtQibb ), to rise, 
rise to the surface, float 
(corpse on water, etc.); j>i^''M 
^; ei 'ap't/n (jabft, the dough 
leavened ; ^» ^^-,'j j^ sa'r 
rdsf/ gatb, my hair stood 




on end. ^tS qabqab, to swell. 
^4.4« muqahqah, swollen. 
^j2« muqabbib, domed, 
convex. aJ qubba, dome^ 
cupola, pi, _^ qubab. aJJ 
qabqaba, swelling. 

U ga&a, see \f 
o-li qabdha, see ^ 
A^jlJ qabdrsa, money, cash. 
Jlu» qabbdny, see t>« 
,jUj qabdwa, native sausage. 

J {^.) qabbah, to abuse, be 
insolent; .1.^ u^^rS' ^ met 
tiqabbahs wayjdh, do not 
be insolent to him ! *9-Li 
qabdha, abuse, insolence, 
foul language. 7=..J qabyh, 
abusive, insolent, fouLmouth. 
ed, vile,ugly, pl.\4 qubaha. 

j\>{ j^k ) qccbar (juqbur), to 
bury the dead.jj.4il inqabdr, 
or jCiA iiqabar ^to be buried; 
jKu\ ing'ib Jr,go to the devil 1 
jw qabr, tomb, grave, pi. 
jji qubdr-^ J^l\\) o ^-^ Ja-lj 
rdgildarbitoh wilqabr^o^xi 
exorbitant man.,jj.4»mag6a- 

ra, cemetery,'dbtr. 
,j<»j>5 qubrus, Cyprus. J-* j« qub- 
rusly, Cypriote, pi. A^^J3 

jaS ( ^Jx■.h ) qabad (Jiqbad ), to 
receive money, cash ; ^-iJ 
i.,'% qabadt kaldmoh, did 
you believe what he said? 
^o-jj ,jfl.J ^j^Sj.\ ablys qabad 
rdhoh, he got off the hooks, 
he kicked the bucket, ^jki 
qabbad, [0 pay. ^ji.ji\ in qabad, 
to be cashed, oppressed. 
^J^J■;i» maqbAd, cashed, 
oppressed. ^U qdbid, one 
who has received cash, 
astringent. ^jkJ qabd , act of 
receiving money, cashing, 
oppression, constipation. 
>_i.J\ 4.A.i qabdet es sif, 
handle of a sword ; j.i <J=.j 
qabdaband, sword-knot. 
i,.^ qabd yj a, money cashed, 
pi. ^\^i qabdyjdt. 
JaJ qibt, the Copts. Ja.i qibty, 
a Copt,Coptic,pi. J<»L»1 aqbdt, 

^Wx^iqabtdn or qubbiitdn, or 




O^^yj qabuddn,' captain of 
a ship, pi. ai^\S qabatyh. 
^{ »A>^) qaba' (jiqha"), to 
swallow liquids^drink eager- 
ly. ».» qab' , act of swallowing 
liquids, drinking eagerly. 

J<lj qubqdb, wooden shoes, pi. 
^.j\J qabaqyb. j^*-» A-* 
musmdr qabaqyby, short 
thick nail of native make. 

J^ ' J:'i ) qibll (jiqbal), to 
receive, accept, consent. J.» 
qabbil, to kiss, go south- 
ward. JiU qdbil, to meet, 
compare, check; 'j Jc Ij J.U 
qdbil da "ala da, compare 
this to thatl J^SIl inqabal, 
or Ja;l J i 7a 6a Z, to be accept- 
ed. JaMii^abbfi, to be kissed. 
jAiil itqdbil, to meet, be 
compared, be checked. J.1:-. I 
is ia(ir&t7, to receive( visitors), 
accept. J.l; qdbil, one who 
accepts or consents, pi. (jjViU 
qablyn ; J.\i\\ j^JLW e.s ia/ir e/ 
qdbil, next month. J^-l. 

pi. a^y^ maqbulyn. J-S» 
muqabbil, one who is going 
southward . ^\l» muqdbil^ 
equivalent, in front of. 4i^ 
m u g'dd to,meeting, reception, 
comparison, check, pi. 
O^^iVi* muqabldt ; J Ij M>-\ 
!:> li-li. afiaci da fy muqdb- 
let da, he took this in 
exchange for that ; ^,\:X\ J*: 
mahall el muqdbla, rendez- 
vous. J^J qabdl or qubul, 
acceptance; J, J V 'ala 
qabM, by way of, as. 1 
istiqbdl, reception, levee. qabilyja, appetite. JJ 
qabl, before f of time "), 
previous ; JJ qably, or JJ 
i_^. qabl minny, previous to 
me. y.> qabla, beforehand, 
previously; !>lJ iSkallimoh 
qabla, speak to him first 1 ^ 
^jJmin qibal,in the name of, 
de la part de. J.» qibly, 
south, Upper-Egypt ; aJJ 
qiblyh, to tlie south of it, 
,^yj qibla, direction to which 




a Mohamedan turns in 
prayer. aIU qubdla, in front 
pl,^j,\.}qabdjil. JJ* muqbil, 
next, corning (month, etc.). 
^\.i:^> mtistaqbil, future. 

u^ iijik) QO'bbin, to weigh with 
a sleel.yard. j;«."l itqabbin, 
to be weighed. jXSqabbdny, 
steel-yard, one who weighs 
with a steel-yard, 4.; l.S qibdna, 
act of weighing with a steel, 
yard, fee for weighing. 

^,i qabba,co\\ar, collar-band, 
pi, ot» qabbdt. 

aJ qubba^ see ^« 

p qabu,see Ji 
j<,|j> J qabuddn, see i:;yk.5 
^jJQCf'bbiis, sheaf of dry grass 
or clover, pl,ja.^\Jqababys. 
\j.k.-^jj kabukatliuda* , steward. 
^}fJqabAl,see J.» 

t?' (cs^i) 5'^^* (JiQby ),to vault. 
^4« magb !/,vaulted.^j qabu, 
vaulted place. ,y} qabw'a, 
a vault, an arcade, an ;irch, 
pi vLl^J qabwdt. 

^.J qabyh, see ^J 

A^-J qabyla, see JJ 
Vi qatta^cucumis setious,sg, 
4)l:i qattdja^ pi, ^lU; 

J^:i qitdl, see Jy 

^y qaiab, hunch, liump ; ,_^ ^;l 
a&a qatab, ov ^; ,1. muqd- 
tab, hunchback. 
J:9 ( Jti) ga^a7 (jiqtil), to kill, 
murder ; *_i; J:» qatal 
nafsoh, he committed 
suicide. Ji5 qattil,to kill one 
after the other. jrU (/(i^iZ, or 
\jjjil«rl itqdtil wayja, to 
fight with. Jiil inqatal, or 
JiiM itqatal, to be killed, 
murdered. J:*:- 1 istaqtil, to 
feign to be dead. j;l; qdtil, 
murderer, pZ. o;l^lU qatlyn. 
J^a. maqtul, or J.:5 qatyl, 
murdered, victim, pZ Ot^^-" 
maqtulyn, or ^l:» qutala. 
Jl-J gJMZ, fight. J:i ga^Z, 
murder. 4:i qatla, death by 
murder, a thrashing. aJ.;-* 
qalyla^ native herring, pi. 




^'^Si qaiyhXt. 

i^ qahba, whore^ prostitute, 
harlot^ pi. v_-U» quhhdb. 

last* qaht, famine. jlk=ts qahtdn, 

^fj qahf,\o\\eY part of a date- 
palm branch, rude, unpo- 
lished, pi. ^^i quhdf, or 
Aj^atj quh{j.f(X. 

^ <7«/i/i(/,thoroughbred, Innate; 

^ J^} Q^bty Q'^hhy, a 

thoroughbred Copt. 

a.i qaddj size, form, quantity, 

pl.i)jjqud/!id; iljiqaddak, 

your size ; iij^l iji m-J^^' 

el hudum dy qaddak, or 

il ji5 Jc iSi »j-iil e^ hudUm dy 

'^ala qaddak, these clothes 

fit you ; .J'J Jc 4i2c "aqloh 

'ala qaddoh, he is not 

bright, he is obtuse ; il^.! jl5 

Q'ttdd abCik^ of your father's 

size, us old as your f;ither; 

j^jisj ijAj ^* hutva qaddak 

toe qudtid, he excels you ; 

I J Ji3 Ji9 jL. ^» huiva mus 

qadd cs kigl da^ he is not 

capable enough to do this 

work ; J^sl^ jJ J^-'j rd^^iZ 
(/adcZ eZ g(5Z, man of his 
word, man of authority ; ^^ 
«-ji_} ^)j\ U sVala qadd ma 
ar{ih wearga\ until I come 
back ; ^cU jJ qadd sd^a, 
about an hour, after an hour; 
^J Ai qadd i, how much? 
^^y^jlAj 4y iddy loh 
qaddarba" qurus, give him 
about four piastres! pjUl si 
qadd ellu sum, as much as 
is necessary. 
^\j3 quddds, see ^j.i 

j.U; qudddm, see *a» 

P-a; f^-vJi) qadah (Jiqdah)j to 
strike ; aS^ j 5- j» qadah fy 
haqqoh, he libelled him; 
4j:»-ji> ,j-'=~'' <^^ ^Ytmi' qadahe- 
?o/i,hehad a sun-stroke.7-a5 
qadh, act of striking, libel. 
^jisl aqdah, more striking. 

^jj qadah, measure for cereals 
( =; 1/98 til part of an ar- 
dabb\pl. ?-lj;i aqddh. 

.)A» ^j-^«i) qaddidj to cause to be 




dry ( bread, meat, etc. on 
fire ). iJ^srl itqaddid, to be 
dried. jAi. muqadd id, dried; 
jjis. ^-t '^s muqaddid, 
toast bread, jo Mltaqdyd, act 
of drying. 
able to; ^ jJm tiqdar tigy, 
can you covae'i/xi qaddar,to 
enable, estimate, value, fate; 
jJlSj V 4jil alldh lajiqaddar, 
God forbid ! J j,\i qddir ^ab]e, 
capable, powerful, pi, jij^sU 
qadryn. jS?\ aqdar,ah\ev, 
more capable. ja:2. muq- 
tadir, able,capab]e, solvent, 

well-to-do, wealthy, pi. 

jijSil' muqtadiryn. ejAs 
qiidra, or ejM* maqdara, 

power, ability. jA? qadr, 
quantity, power, fate, des- 
tiny ; jSiW ^^^ l^let el qadr, 

night of Power, 27tli of 
ramarjdn; J^.^^ J ^.l \c. "a la 
qadr el imkdn, as much as 
possible. jXi qadar, fate, 
destiny; jxi^i UaUi bil qada 

toil qadar, by fate and 
destiny, accidentally. jM, 
muqaddar^ fated ; jAS. q'^' 
diic kdn muqaddar^alik, 
it was your fate, j^^m 
to(7df/r, estimation, valua- 
tion, pi. Zj\j^sz taqdyrdt ; 
j^Xi'i taqdyr^ fate, pi. ^..iUi 
taqadyr, jiju. muqddr, 
quantity, pZ.^ili. maqadyr. 
jIjc'sI iqtiddr, ability, capa- 
city; jlxil ^>-U J^lj rdgil 
sdhib iqtiddr, a well-to-do 
man, a wealthy man. 

tjSs qidra, earthen pot, jug,/)/. 
ja5 qidar. 

^j,>{^ill ) qaddis, to sanctify, 
render holy, ^sl quds, 
holiness, saintship ; ^st\ 
el quds, Jerusalem, ^\^i 
qaddds, mass, liturgy, pi. 
j_^>.>ljj qadadys. ^_;-JAs 
qaddys, pious, saint, pi. 
^^(J.„)Jli qaddysyn. 

^Jl» ( ^sh ) qadaf ( jiqdif ), to 
throw, row. ^a5 qaddif, to 
row.^JJiSl inqadaf,oT^xu\ 




itqadaf,{o be thrown.^ jAI. | 
maqz{if thrown; iJj.:S\^3Si» 
maqd&f el hunduqyja>, 
projectile of a gun.^ ai qadf, 
act of throwing, rowing. 
«iAs qadfa, a throw^ a row, 
pl_ oV»Ji qadfdt. ^_i.ji.2r 
taqdyf, act of rowing. 
^\j.l. muqddf^ oar^ pi. 
^i^\t>maqadyf; ^.u^lii-Jy^-i 
kassar loh maqadyfoh,he 
discouraged him. 
.jii(*Al) qidim(jiqdam),io be 
old. ^Jiqaddim yto advance, 
come forward^ present, 
offer^ introduce, promote. 
^A«ri itqaddim, to come 
forward, be advanced, be 
offered, be introduced, be 
promoted. *i\5 gdcZtm, next 
(month, etc.) . * mltqad. 
fZim, advancing, advanced, 
old. rjia: taqdym, act of 
presenting, offering, introd- 
ucing,advancing, promoting. 
fM'; taqaddum, advance- 
ment, promotion. ^ Ji» qudm, 

or 4-*jjk? ga(i?<mf/yrt,oldness, 
seniority. *^jijl aqdamyja, 
seniority, precedence. ^J^ 
qadym, old, ancient, pi, *Ji; 
qudm, or aIjlj quddm. *Jil 
agcZam, older, senior, ^caj 
qadyma, old shoe *\Ji qud- 
ddm, in the presence of, in 
front of, before; dl-loj ^^ ^1 
ana p'^^ qudddmak, I have 
just come ; Jjiil 4t\-. sd'a 
Uqudddm ^ as soon as pos- 
sible, the sooner the better. 
jUljJ qaddamdny, the one 
in front. *Ji». muqdim, front 
part; ^O-^ f ■''^* inuqdim el 
mar/cJ6, prow of ship. ^-U* 
muqaddim, one who offers, 
pi. (j\.ja« muqaddimyn ; 
aM» muqaddim, or aI^ f j^s. 
muqaddim fu'ala, foreman 
or overseer of labourers. 
4..ji2. muqaddima, preface, 
introduction. pJw qudCim^ 
approach, arrival. 

» ji (y(fdam,foot, pl.f\j}\ aqddm. 

tJLi 5 idda, batter, pi. jA» qidad. 



pjj qadilm, see *j:>l5 
jC-i> qadym , see -.j^j 

«jl Ji ga^dra, filth, dirt, jli qisir, 
filthy, dirty ,/)i. jijJi qizryn. 
J (^i)qarr(Jiqirr J, io confess, 
settle down; Jc v^lj\ _^ qarr 
er rdj 'ala, it was decided 
that. J J qarrar, to lay 
down, decide, cause to 
confess, jj qarqar, to exa- 
mine carefully ; oI-a^- _,;! jj 
qarqar abu gidddoh, he 
heaped insults on his head. 
jj'Mtqarrar^to be decided. 
j2:-.l istaqan\ to settle 
down. jj2. muqarrar, laid 
down, decided ; i^s\j^\jj., 
muqarrar el mysanyja,the 
provisions of the budget. 
jl_^l i^rdr, confession,akno\v. 
ledgment, declaration, pi. 
Oljljjl iqrardt. jj qardr^ 
decision, verdict, bottom 
(of sea)j pi. ^\jj qarardt; 

jj J (_»j^ U"^ ^ ^^ 

haddis Hrif loh qardr, 
no one knew where he was. 

no one could trace him. j2. 
muqirr ^ one who confesses. 
jS." maqarr, a fixed place. 
j._,s; taqryr^ report, pl_ 
j.^Ja' taqaryr. jj qurqur, 
tiny, small, young. 
j ( A ) 5^'"^ (juqurr ;, to 
muttor to one's self,grumble. 
j qarr, act of muttering to 
one's self, grumbling. 
Ij» (IjS. ) qara (Jiqra ;, ta read. 
\'j qarra, to cause to read. 
I_,s:-I istaqra^ to read, cause 
to read. l_^l inqara, or \jS,"l 
itqara, to be read. (^_,i. 
maqry^ legible; (^j. iai- 
i)a(( maqry^ clear hand- 
writing. A..ljS qirdja^ act of 
reading. (ijl5 ^(i^i/, reader. 

Ai\j qardba, see »_.^ 
.idlji qarahyna, or ^iUy qarabd. 
na* carabine, p^ -^^r^.y 

i\j qurdd, tick on animals, sg. 
ti\j qurdda, pi. w'i'y 

jjqardr^see j 




9\j qurd\ see «-j 

*i\J qardfa, cemetery, pi. oUl^i 

0'j» qurdn, Koran. 

iifj qarrdja, bowl (used as 
lamp)^ pi. cA>\) qarrajdt. 

*i\J qirdja,see \J 

Vj' i^jk) Qi^ib (jiqrab), to be 
near, ^j qarrab, to come 
near, cause to be near ; ^j 
\-ji qarrab hena, come here! 
^'yilitqarrabjio come near, 
approacli. v/-"' istaqrab, 
to consider near. ^ ^i qaryb 
or qurayjib, near ; ^J» ^e- 
''an qaryb, recently ; ^y ^ 
^i\ ^> hawa qaryb min el 
qalb, he is sympathetic; w-<ij5 
qaryb, relative, kinsfolk, /jZ. 
^\ji qardjib- ^J qurb, 
nearness, vicinity, kinship ; 
dJLji biqurbak^or ^:> s_.yU| 
bil qurb minnak , near you ; 
du. y^ji>\ ^JU» ^* huiva tdlib 
el qurb minnak, he seeks 
alliance (by marriage) with 
you. *;ljj qardba, kinship. 

wji:-^ mustaqrab, near. 
^1 ji^a(/rf/b,approximation; 
^_j4:J\ *:>-^. 6t wagh et 
taqryb, or Cj jj; taqryban, 
nearly, approximately. 
^iji qurbdn, Eucharist, sacra- 
ment, pi. a:<i_\J qarabyn. 
^Jiu^.jk) qc^rba.s, to tighten 
the reins, ^^]J qarbasa, act 
of tightening the reins, lyyj 
qarbds, pommel of a saddle, 

L\j (L; ^2, )garfea(, to economize, 
be avaricious, iaiji* muqar- 
bat, economical, avaricious, 
pi. jjkiy. muqarbatyn. 
AJaiji qarbata, economy, 

»)_,» ( «)j4. ) qarba\ to drink 
eagerly. \^j qarba'a, act 
of drinking eagerly. 

A,J> qirba, water_skiu, pi. ^J 
qirab. ij.J qiraby, maker 
of water_slcins, pi. *-i_^ 
qiraby ja. 

rj irjh) qO'ff^^'l)', to be greasy, 
dirty, ^^a. muqarrah, 




greasy, dirty, ■^j qarah, 
greasiness^ dirt. 
:>J> gird, monkey, pi. j^y 
qurdd. i^ljly quraddty, 
monkey-keeper, pi. AJbl^J 
Jt^J qurd^hy, common-place ; 
^ij tj^c. gadwa qurd^hy, 
a miserable dinner. 
J^yiJrA ) ^^^<^^ (Juqrus)^ or 
^,J qarmis,or^y qarqas, 
to eat ( crisp or dry bread, 
etc.), make a grinding noise. 
j.jl5 qdrls, or Cj J^J^] 
itqdris wayja, to interfere 
or intermeddle with. Ji^_^' 
muqarm isj crisi:), dry. j.J 
qars, or <i..ji qarmisa^ or 
-Li»y qarqisa, act of eating, 
making a grinding noise. 
-UjU. mugdrsa, interference 
or intermeddling with,4.iyj» 
qarqdsa, native dry biscuit, 
pl.J^\j qaraqys. 
J. J qirs, or j^j. girs, piastre, 
P^. J-ij qurAs; Ja^\ j.j 
qirs abjad, ''small" piastre 

( ^ 5 milli6mes ); j:,^\\ _^ 

tofc&i/ e/ qirs el abjad j in fa- 
"ak flljdm el iswid, put by 
for arainydayl^jS.magrJs, 
wealthy, well-to -do. 
aJU^^ gara«ina,virago,fire-eater. 
l/'J ( o^A ) 9'*''«? (Juqrus ), to 
pinch, bite, sting ; ^^^i 3 jj\ 
ei ftard qarasny, I was 
nipped by the cold ; f-^l-i 
j^^ji ei ^il' qarasny, I felt 
the pangs of hunger. ^'J 
qarras, to pinch, bite or 
sting repeatedly, make into 
loaves or cakes. fjoy^\ inqa- 
ras, or ^yil itqaras, to be 
pinched, bitten, stung. ^^M 
itqarras, to be made into 
loaves or cakes, ^jy. 
maqrds^ pinched, bitten, 
stung, (j^j^. muqarra^, 
made into loaves or cakes. 
^j qars, act of pinching, 
biting, stinging. o^ijV 
taqrys, act of making into 
loaves or cakes. A.^Jqarsa,\ 




pinch, bite, sting, lever, tool 
for forcing doors open, pi. 
,l,ij>Jqarsdt. ^ja J qurs, disc, 
round cake, lozenge, pastil, 
pi. ^j^\ji\ aqrds; ^\)\ ^} 
qurs er r<ls, crown of the 
head. i^^\j qurSsa, cakes of 
mashed beans fried in oil. 

J'j (u^>. ) Q(^^(^4 (juqrud), to 
cut with the teeth, extermi- 
nate. jjijSl inqaradj ot^J>J)\ 
itqarad, tohe cut wih the 
teeth, exterminated, (jiiy* 
maqr&d, cut with the teeth, 
exterminated; ^J>iS^* ^^ 
wahxd maqrM, a brat, a 
young rascal. ^j>j qard, act 
of cutting wit! I the teeth, 
extermination. A^y qarda, 
or 4^_jj qaryda, a cut ; aJiiJ 
il ji-l" qaryda tdbdak, damn 
you 1 the devil take you 1 

i»*J{ i»JA. ) qarrat, to tighten ; 
SS)\\c^'jqarTat ^alal walad, 
be strict with the boy I 
Jaij2r taqryt, act of tight- 

jj<,U»ji qurtds, paper rolled up in 
a coincal form, pi. ,j^\J 

j'J (J'jSi) qartam, to cut off the 
extremities. ^u^'J qartama, 
act of cutting off. 

}'Jqurtum^ safflower, wild 
■cJ-ji qartima, bit, snaffle, pi 

i»lj5 qardtim. 
^J • ^j'^\{^ji-i)inqara'(jinqirV), 
to be ashamed, abashed. 
4c ja. maqra^a, date_palm 
whip, pi. c.jl2. maqdri\ 

f- J qara\ or (■\ J qurd', ring- 
worm, baldness. f-J\ aqra'^^ 
one who has the ringworm, 
bald, fern. \cj qar'-a, pi. ^ 
qur'; e.Jt\ ^^'L^su'/ih aqra", 
terrace or roof which has no 
railing or wall around it. 
^\)\ XcVj qurrd^et er rds, 

^J qar\ ^ vegetable marrow, 
dried vegetable marrow 
used for helping one to swim, 
sg. *Cj* qar\i^ pi, ^\cj 





AcJ qur^a, miliiOirY conscription, 
recruiting, ballot. 

'-ij (vJj^;) qirif(jiqraf), to be 

disgusted, sick of. ^*J 

qarraf, to cause to be 

disgusted or sick of. oj^J 

qdrif^ to argue, dispute. oj 

faraf, disgust, sickness of. 

jjUy qarfdn, one who is 

disgusted or sick of; j.,\c 

A;\}_,ijJ; J A.;_y^ ^dmil lamdna 

fy balad g<2r/"(ina, he thinks 

a lot of himself, he values 

himself highly. 3l>muqrif^ 

causing disgust, filthy. mj\i> 

mz/^tir/'a, argument, dispute, 

pi. ^\>J\2..muqarfdt. 

t)*'j' ( u^^k ) Q(^^f'^§> 0^ J^ ■**' 
i^iSjqa^ad "ala qarafysoh, 
to sit with the knees drawn 
closely to the body. *-£»_,» 
qarfasa,Q.Q.i of sitting with 
the knees drawn closely to 
the body. 
iSj qifra^ cinnamon. 
yj f 3jh) qo-rraq, to say svitty 

vulgar things with play on 
the words. j>j2r taqryq^ 
act of saying witty vulgar 

r*J ( rb". ) qarqa", to clatter, 
make a noise. 4.;^; qarqa^a, 
clatter, noise. 

yJ'j'J qaraqds, name of an Egyp- 
tian minister renowned for 
his cruelty ; j-yj' ^ htikm 
qaraqds, an unjust judg- 

4jyy qarqdsa^ see ^J* 
AJj^ quraqyja, hinge, pi. wu»j 
fj'(f /'^ qO'^ram, tobeecono- 
mical, mean, stingy, artful. 
f'_^s.magarram, economical, 
mean, stingy, artful; ^Ji'})^ 
^ag{i2 muqarram^heis very 
old. (Tja; taqrym^ economy, 
meanness, stinginess. 

J-'jiJ"?'.) garmis, see j.y 
i..j qurma, log, stump of a 
tree, pi. ^J> quram; '^'j^'^ 
nija-la'an qurmet gudiuioh, 






he heaped insults on his 

l>yy qarmtd^QdX, claries ha.ssel- 

qtiistu, pi ia^'\J qaramyt. 

CjJ gam, horn, pi. ^^j qurun. 

*i\>J q u rnd f a, hult- en A of a rifle. 

J3.;J_^ qarnabyt, cauliflower^ sg. 

i,kjjqarnabyta, pl.^\L^j 

^} (cr'j^-) ^f'^"<5^s, to be chilled 

with cold. ^ jS. muqarnas, 

one who is chilled. 4.J_,; 

qarnasa, chilliness. 
Ji;^ qurun fll^ clover^ carnation, 

sg. j^l Jqurunfila,plzj%] J 

j)^>J qaragu:;* marionettes, 

punch and judy. 
J^i.jior d^'J karahdn* Police 

station, pl_ ol'y.y kara- 

kondt; jOc- oy»j' karakdn 

'askar, guard of soldiers. 
AJ\ }y qarawdna, tin plate, pi. 

ol'ljji qarawandt, 
^)J{ ^}jh) QOL^ioat, to cut or 

bite oft" the extremities. .d.^_^ 

qarwata, act of cutlinf; or 

biting off the extremities. 

^iJqaryb or qurayjib, see w^ 

4..^ J quresa, see^J 

U^lJ .^> j2il ( "-'ijai.) itqarjif, to 
be out of temper, gloomy, 
melancholy. ^i^.mMgar/'j/'j 
one who is out of temper, 
gloomy, melancholy. Ai.j? 
qarjifa, ill-humour, gloo- 
miness, melancholiness. 
^ji_,i ^arf/rt, colleague, pi. o'j'l 


j\^qi2d;s, glass; Jl^? ^J I6h 

qizdSj pane of glass. .Jl_)» 

qisdsa, bottle, pi. j.jj» 

qasdji^. or vl'ljtj; qisasdt. 


j\'yqa;^2dz,\\Q-Avev, pi. jcj\y 

^\y qazdn* boiler, caldron, 

pi. zX\jt qa^andt. j^'j* 

qaj^dngy, boiler_maker, pi. 

*,<iij; qasangyja. 
■^■j qasahj see ^^ 
Acyqus'a, dwarf 

j*j'(j'J*:) Q'^-^QO,^, to crack, 
shell (nuts, etc. ). »j5j» qas^ 
qaja, act of cracking, 




4*j9 qazma* pickaxe, pi. ^j 
qisam, or wUj5 qasmdt. 

»jI-ms qasdwa, see^-wi 

it-.5(Ja-2i) qassat, to divide into 
instalments. Ja-zrl itqassat, 
to be divided. J2..-.*al' iaqsyt, 
or la.. J 5is(, instalment, joi. taqasyt^ or J»\,-J( 

Ja-> gjs^, oil-pitcher, pi. i»l-5l 

p5( ..^2i ) qasam {jiqsim ), to 
take the oath, divide; J Cif^ 
6jk'J .^S cLST:*- tuktin fy 
hanakak tuqsam li girak^ 
there is many a slip twixt 
the cup and the Up ; l^*.-i 
j_^i„s^\ qasamu el qassys, 
the clergyman wasordained. 
isJ qassim, to divide into 
many parts. ^-,l> qdsim, or 
i) .s.lsil it qdsim wayja^ to 
divide a thing vvith another. 
^5 1 aqsam, io take the oath, 
xv^ail in qasam, or ^^srl 
itqasam, to be divided. 

JO...SII itqassim, to be divided 
into many parts. »^-.a» maq- 
s{im, divided, fated; ^yjk^ 1^ 
(Jda maqsAm ly, this is my 
fate. t-Ja.' muqassim, or^:« 
mitqassim, divided into 
many parts. ^,^21 taqsym, 
division; ^js ;_,!»;» qantaret 
taqsym, bifurcation bridge. 
^-i_ qism^ part, division, 
district of a city, pi, *U»| 
aqsdm. ^J qasam,oaihA^'-i 
gisma,division, fate, pi ^wJ 
qisam. *£^' gast/ma, receipt, 
foil which is torn out of a 
book of counter_foils. 
iS-H (^i ) qisy(jiqsa), to be 
hard, cruel, ^^i qassa^ to 
harden, cause to be cruel ; 
diA; ^ qassy qalhak, be 
severe! ^yU qdsa^ to bear, 
suffer, endiUYe.t i\.^iqasdwa , 
hardness, severity, cruelty. 
^^l5 qdsy, hard, severe, 
cruel. t\^\i>muqasd^ or i^\i> 
muqasyja, sufferings, trou 




^j-u-j (j'ass(/5_, clergyman, chaplain^ 
pi. j_p-.> qusus. 
<_r» ((J^4j)?«ss^yMgass^,to sweep. 
JLii qassis^ or jLLiI qasqis, 
to pick up things from the 
ground^ rob, loot^ take 
away every thing ; ^:*\J^\ 
,iaJ\ l^ij.' elharamyja qas- 
sisu el bit^ the thieves stole 
all there was in the house. 
^5jl inqass, or JLa!l itqass,io 
be swept. jLliJl itqassis, or 
JLaiiri it qasqis ^io be picked 
up, robbed, looted. J:.^-2« 
maqsdsj swept. J:ia« mw- 
qassis, or J:*!^. muqasqis, 
picked up, robbed, looted. 
J.I qasSj act of sweeping. 
,JjJi.»:taqsySj0r\l.il3 qasqisa, 
act of picking up, robbing, 
looting. A-iL.magasda,broom, 
pi zX^u maqassdt.^jj qass, 
straws, s^f.Aii qassa, pl,<L\zS 
qassdt-j cii jl-i- i^iydr gas^a, 
small cucumber. j^\Lljy\j 
ivabAr qassdS, extra train 
run during fairs, etc. gene- 

rally composed of third class 

^ qiss, stern of a steamer. 
1>[1) qusdt, see kll 

-is ( ^ii ) gasaA (j'iqsah)^ or 
feiJ gasa', to get rid of, drive 
away, f^ qash, or «ii qas', 
act of getting rid of, driving 
» j ( jlh ) qasar ( j'tiqsu r ) or 
qassar, to peel, shell, skin. 
j^i^maqHir, peeled, shelled, 
skinned, ^t.5 qasr, or ^ii; 
taqsyr, act of peeling, shel- 
ling, skinning, ^t-s ^i«^, 
rind, peel, shell, bark of tree 
sg. tjJLi qisra, pi. ol^^ij 
qisrdt, or j^il qus/Hr ■ »yi^ 
^\)\ qisret er rds, daadriff. 

\, ;,; ( Jaiij ) qasat (juqsut ), to 
erase, skin, remove the 
upper part. ia.ts qassat^ to 
erase, skin or remove the 
upper part repeatedly, rob, 
pick ( pockets ). I»^i.». maq- 
Ja.iL muqaksal(, robbed, 



picked. Jai.9 qo-st, act of 
erasing^skinniag, removing 
the upper part. ia_.i.jr taqsyt, 
act of removing the upper 
part repeatedly, robbing, 
picking ( pocl<.et s ) . L-ti. maq- 
sa(,scratching.knife^pi. kila. 
maqdslt. Jalii qusdt, leather 
strap, pi. ,iM>\zJ qusatdt. 
4.kii qista, cream, pi, ^J'\i^ 
qasdty; 4.kiil\ s^sr sagaret 
el qisla, pine-apple. 

.ii(«i.2j) qasa^ ( jiqsa''),see ^sl^ 

j*Li[jJ:Ai ) qak'ar, to shudder, 
shiver, make the flesh creep. 
»jw5 qasara^ shudder, 
i_ii>5 ( ^i.1. )qassif, to be chap- 
ped [Imnds ),Uii-i»muqassif, 
chapped. ^ii.> qasaf, chil- 

alLI qisfa,cvusl of bread,^j/. ^li 
qisaf, or oUis qisfdt. 

^^li ( Ji^_ ) gisj7 (jiqsal ), to be 
penniless, bankrupt. JiJ 
qassil, to cause to be 
penniless/ob of everything, 

be penniless, be bankrupt. 
Jli qasal, narrow means, 
poverty, j^lij g-asWn, impe- 
cunious, penniless,bankrupt, 
/jZ.,(^;^ii qaslanyn. 
Ji'^zJ qushXq* barrack, pi. oUilli 

4-5 qasla* hospital, infirmary, 
iH. JijgisaZ, orj.,^ij gasZdi. 

(jA'(u^^. ) ?^?? Ci"^"?? -*, to 
narrate, cut, cut with scis- 
sors;^_^^9 iCj> ^joiqass minnoh 
fulds, he made money out 
of him. ^a-ai ga.jgas, to cut 
into small pieces with a pair 
of scissors. ^Ja..a\s qdsis, to 
punish, chastise.jjfliSl inqass 
or (jaSii itqass, to be cut. 
jjA-^Un it qdsis, to be pu-J 
nished, chastiseJ. ^y>^^s» 
mag'.s«lis,cut; ^^-a2« maqsds, 
love -lock, /j/. (jA..-»U. maqa- 
sys. ^jaJLal, muqasqas , cut 
into small bits. ^Ja^ qO'Ss, 
act of cutting with a pair of 
scissors. *,-aa-as qusqastt, act 
of cutting into sir.all bits. 



A^5 qussa, fronUock, fringe 
of hair, pi. ^^i qusas. 
A.^5 qissa, story, fable, pi. 
jjfl.^5 qisas. 4^^s^» qasqAsa, 
small bit, clip, pi. ^;5Ui 
qasaqys. ^^2. maqass, pair 
of scissors, /)Z. oUi- maqas. 
sdt; ^ja2.> ^y>-\ J rdg il maqass^ 
swindler, cheat, "sponge". 
jU^a. maqassiddr^ tailor's 
cutter. ^jtfU5 qassds, profes- 
sional clipper of horses or 
donkies, pi. \^[^l qassdsa, 
or tJti^Laj qa.ssa.^yn. ^L.»La5 
qusdsa, clips, cuttings, 
jjtfUi gisiis, punishment, 

JLd qisdg^ nippers. 

il-ai qusddj see Jl^> 

^.ai C^-aa.) qa.ssab, to hit one on 
the legs ; (jijVl ^-^J qCissab 
el an/, he prepared the land 
for cultivation, he levelled 
the ground. A^uaSr taQsyba, 
cudgel. i_-l^> qas^db, land- 
surveyor, pl.jiA^'tqassabyn. 
i^A^ qassabyja, rake, pZ. 


oLLij qassabyjdl. 
qasab,gold or silver thread, 
sugar_cane. Aj-aj qasaba, 
reed, standard of measure 
( = 3. 55meters ), pi ^L^i 
qasabdt; «sjj\ A..a5 qasabet 
el burqu\go\(i tube attached 
to the veil of native women; 
.>Ja;53\ \.^qasabet el kanyf, 
drain-pipe; ij>-J\X.^ qasabet 
er riglj shin-bone. ^^i» 
muqsAb, embroidered with 
gold or silver thread. 
Xai ( a-sSp ) qasad (jiiqsud ), to 
intend ; JU. J ,s^>qasadoh 
fy masdla, he asked his 
assistance in a case ; Uji^l 
i^\)s aqsudha wayjdk, will 
I thwart you? will I oppose 
you^Jk-fliri itqasiad, to have 
a grudge against one,waylay. 
Xa\i qdsidj one who intends 
to do a thing, one who does 
a thing on purpose. JUiJ^a.^d 
or Ju2. maqsad, or i^J. 
maqtiddj intention, aim, 
purpose, pi. JLtfli* maqdfid. 

. Jl^ 


iJi-aS qasdan, on purpose. 
a.^2r taqassud, or aj^^^i. 
magsad t/ya,ill-will^grudge;, 
/)Z. oIa-sa' taqassuddt. il-aS 
gusdd, in front of, opposite 
to; (i3 jUl li^ dy qusdd dy, 
tit for tat, 
j»Ji^» qasdyr, tin. 
^;(j.^2j g-isir (jiqsarj, to be 
short;^oc (>j~ai\iqsiroh ^anny, 
let him leave me in peace I 
j^ qasar or qassar, io shor- 
ten, limit ; I; Jl:ft ^4» qassar 
"andina, will you step into 
our house? ^x.:(- ^^ diUj 
qassar rig lak min ^andu- 
hum, do not visit them so 
ofteni j^i'A itqasar, or ja.-j\ 
iqtasar, to limit one's self. 
j^^u taqsyr ^act of shortening, 
defect, fault. ,^^ii taqsyra, 
short stick, y-^i ^asr, short- 
ness;. ^a» gas ro/i, the long 
and short of it. ^^5 qasyr or 
qusayjar, short, pi. jU» 
qusdr. j^li qdsir^ minor, 


under age, iJi. ^.^5 qussar. 

,j^2.mag's?Jra,private room, 
residential house, palace, 
villa, pZ. j^^'i qus&r, or ,jyai 
qusiira. j\^'.>\ iqtisdr^ act of 
limiting one's self,avoidance. 
jjjti qusdr, neglect, short- 

J.^ qusrumill, mortar made of 
burnt refuse. 

^j^oj ga.srf/ja, flower-pot, cham. 
ber-pot, pi. lijl-ii qasdry, 
»^j {^2i)qasa' (jiqsa^), to 
bend. .-aS;! inqasa\ or «.^rl 
itqasa", to be bent, .^sil 
itqassa\io bend one's self in 
a voluptuous manner. »-»> 
gas', act of bending. 4»-aj 
ga/a, large wooden plate, 
bowl-sleeper, pi. «.«; qusa\ 
..^s? taqsy\ act of bending 
one's self. 

,_A^ ( ^^Si) qasaf ( juqsuf ), to 
break, snap ( wood, etc.). 
^ju^t qassaf, to break one 
thing after the other. Ul- 
inqasaf, or'1 itqasaf, 




to be broken, ^y^i* maqsAf^ 
broken; ^^-ai* jjj walad 
maqsdf, a young rascal, a 
brat. k_i^» qasf, act of 

J^j (/a.^aZ, St alks^sp'. aJ-^ qasala, 
pi. ^"^^ qasaldt, 

^^ . <.aJ:-l ( >^ti-j) istaqsCb, io 
investigate^ inquire ; '^_^4:-l 
a:-) jft istaqsa ^an bHoh, 
find out whore his liouse isl 
l^2;»l, investigation^ 

j^.^ qasyr, see ^5 
fjii . ^a;l(,jai:.)mgarfd,to pounce 
upon ; A.Jc ^Ji.2lM inqadd 
"alih, he pounced upon him 

^ qadam, bold, sturdy. 

4^ ( jciii) ga/./a (jiqdy ), to do^ 
perform, finish, judge; ^^ 
Ai>-\p- qada hdgtoh^ he did 
what he wanted, he ea?ed 
nature ; ^ij^ ^^i b da 
Jiqdy dilwaqt, this will do 
for the present. ^^ qad(la, 
to do, perform ; j^\ ^ 
qaflda en nahdr^ he passed 

theday.^jaM inqada, to be 
done, performed, finished. 
^•.Wiqtada, io be necessary, 
require. ^^':^\ istaqda, to 
perform, procure,accomplish. 
ij^'^i* muqtada or muqto/ly^ 
required, necessary; j^^iiii. 
»jya>- muqtady hudCroh^ 
it is necessary that he should 
be pi'esent ; ^^:2* \c ^ala 
muqtarkt, in accordance 
with; v_.lji-l ^^-iti* muqtada 
el gawdb, the tenor of the 
letter. X^qadu, act of doing, 
performing, finishing, fate, 
destiny. *..^ qadyja, case, 
lawsuit, pZ. UiJ qaddja; 
\jLi2)\ .^i ^jsm ei qaddja, 
department of government 
legal advisers.conien^iewo;. 
^\i qddy, judge, pi. .l-i» 
qudd; j.^ Ji>\i qddy sar'y, 
judge of Mohamedan reli- 
gious law; ^yJi^\^-^\iqd(ly 
et tahqyq,juge d* instruc- 
tion ; Ajjl-l jl^l ts^\5 gdr/y 
ei mawdd el gusyja, judge 




of summary justice, police 
magistrate ; (_5,^y\ ^. Mt el 
qAdy, water-closet ; ^-W 
<j,-iW\ hAsih el qddy, to ease 
nature; t5^l2^\ **.»! luqmet el 
qddy, fritter. Uyl iqtida, 
necessity, exigency. JlJi» 
qaddj\ judicial, 
^.ii qadyb, rod, girder, bar, 
railway line, sexual organ 
in the male, pZ.o^r^ qudhdw, 
Ji5 ijL.i» qudbdn qafl, 
bracing bars. 
JaJ ( lal ) ga(( ( juqutt ), to cut 
the point of a reed pen. JaSil 
inqatt, or JaiTl itqatt^ to be 
cut. ia^ks. maqttit^ cut. ia» 
g'(X(<, act of cutting.^ qatta, 
a cut /)Z olk» qattdt. A..k> 
(?w(( f/ya, skull cap. 
Jaj ^a??, cat, fern. 4.k; qutta, 

pi. \aia> qutat-j ^J\ JajJ\ wU. 

jl» \ gdb el quit itabja fdr, 
when the cat is away the 
mice will play; I'U li!J\ lijC^l 
ia:i iftakarna el quit gdna 
junutt, talk of the devil and 

he is sure to appear! 
\ai qatt, not at all, never. 

e-lks qitd'^, see .ki 
jk; (jkij qatar(Juqtur),io tug, 
tow, follow. JL> qattar, to 
drop, distil, filter;*:-^ ^ '^ J^ 
qattar lohfy'inoh, he put 
liquid collyrium in his eye. 
jka; I i/i gator, or jka; I itqatar, 
to be towed, jksrl itqattar, 
to be distilled, flUered. j^ki* 
mag(iir,towed. .j^s* maq- 
t{i,ra^ prostitute in a brothel, 
pi, jjkli. maqatyr. ^ks* 
muqatiar, distilled, filtered. 
jk» ga^r, act of towing; jki 
ga(r, or jlk; qitdr, railway 
quturdl. Jaj) qutr, country, 
dominions, ,JL} qatra, one 
drop, liquid collyrium, pi, 
<1,\JL\ qatrdt. ^ksr taqtyr, 
distillation, filtration. =-Ji>i 
qitargy, coupler of railway 

Ojkj { ^Jti.i<_) qatran, to tar ; 
a:1-p a! Oj^l iS-^i bidd^ 




aqatran loh ^ystoh, I 
shall make his life a misery 
to him. cjj^^itqatran, to be 
tarred. Oj^" muqatran, 
tarred ; 4)_,ks, ^yj /^to mM- 
qatrana, a wretched night. 
^IjU qatrdn, tar. 
J.k5( ) qafas ( juqtus), to 
chip off a piece, cut off the 
extremity, ^k; qattas, to 
chip off one piece after 
another. JLUil inqatas, or 
JLkail itqatas, to be chipped 
off^ cut off. Ji^kfl.. maqtfis, 
chipped off, cut off. jLlJ 
ga(s, or JL-LsJ taqtys, act of 
chipping off, cutting off. 
*J_k; li ya qatysa, what a 
horror 1 dear me ! ( women's 
talk ). 
«k»(«ka.) qata' (jiqta'), to cut; 
^J\ .kj qata' ei> sikka, he 
covered the distance, he 
stopped the traffic; aAc .k» 
j^J\qa(a^ 'aUh cs sikka^he 
barred his way ; ^. J^ «k» 
^^\qata'qalby min elhuf, 

he frightened me to death ; 
4-ij. .kJ qata" hi wissoh, or 

«k5 ^\j rdh qata\ he never 
came back again; f^t\i »k» 

qata^ wayjdh kaldm, he 
agreed with him; «Ac «ki 
f!>*SC\\ ga(a' 'al^h el kaldm, 
he interrupted him while 
he was speaking; U !:> /.!>*SCJ\ 

J.ip J^«i 6l kaldm da ma 

jiqta^s ^aqly, I cannot 

believe such a thing; »k» 
Acf-j qata' rig loh, he stop- 
ped coming ; a! a. »k; 5rt(a' 
badla, he ordered a suit of 

clothes ; ,_^Ii" «k; g-a^a' 
taskara, he bought a ticket 
( railway, etc. ); ^kj t>\l)l el 
laban ga(a',the milk turned 
sour, .ki qatta\ to cut to 
pieces. «kl; ^d/T, to inter- 
rupt. «kil inqata\ov «kirl 

it qata", to be cut. «kirl 
itqatta\ to be cut to pieces. 
.k«:-.l is(aqta\lo be absent, 

discontinue, deduct. .k\5 
(/(t(r,(jrf-^k\>(^ci(rt', partition. 




pi. iLly qawAtV ; «l.l_i 
jj jt 5'd(i' taryq, highway 
robber, pi. j^J, c.[L} quttd^ 
taryq. fj^ maqtA\ cut; 
f'^ks. ^}!^\jrdgilmaqt{i,\man 
who has no relatives; aST- 
4t^k24 sikka maqid'a^ 
unfrequented road. fcka. 
muqatta" , cut to pieces. »ki 
gaf , act of cuttting; .ki qat\ 
cut, breach, pi. <>,ki qut{i'; 
^JJ\ «kj Js; mahallqat' et 
fa^^d/eir, booking-office. Ckj 
qatan^ decidedly, by all 
means. aJis ^/afa/cut, bit, 
slice, piece, pi. »ki quta\ 
^yikJ qafy, decisive. ».kiJ 
taqty\ act of cutting to 
pieces. j.^\ /iJ^lsT taqaty' el 
wish, features (of the face ). 
«ki. maqta\ breach or cut 
made on puri^ose, pi. ^\l> 
maqdW ; jjj »ki. maqta" 
waraq, paper_knife; .ki. 
^jX'i maqfa" qumds^ roll of 
cloth, f-lki qitd\ section ; 
diJjjVi pAk5 qitd' el urn^hj 

type-section ; J,k c-lk; gi7<l' 
(^Z«/, longitudinal section; 
^^j!> tAkj gjf(A' ^arady, 
transversal section, c-lki 
qattd\ one who charges 
exorbitant prices, hanger- 
on, '^ sponge", pi. C:^^ 
qatta^yn. 4^^Hi bil maq- 
tu^yja, for a lump sum, by 
the job, prix d forfait. A»-la» 
ga(i/'a, damnation (women's 
talk ). cAkSil inqitd\ inter- 
ruption, cessation . j-iki 
qattd^y, in retail. 
iJaj ( ^_ik2i ) qataf (juqtuf ), to 
pluck ( flowers or fruits ). 
k_ik5 gattaf, to pluck one 
after the other. ^^^mag^jli/', 
plucked : ^^k2. Ai) Idnoh 
maqt^fj he is pale, ^ki 
qatf, or ^.ksr taqtyf, act 
of plucking. UiUi» maqtaf, 
native basket (made of palm, 
tree leaves), pi. ^Us. ma- 
qdtif. i_iilk; qatdjif^ native 
cakes fried in butter ( eatea 
with sugar or honey ). 



^i^.) qatam {juqtum ), to 
cut with the teeth, snap, 
snip. ^\ inqatam,or k«ri 
itqatam, to be cut, snaj.ped, 
snipped. ^; qatrn, act of 
cutting, snapping, snipping. 
*J»5 ^a^ma, a mouthful, pi. 
oUJ qatmdt. 
iM Q"(n, cotton, p?. jlkl aqtdn. 
A^k» gw(n£/ya, St Piped cotton 
*iJ»» qatyfa, velvet. 
-^ ( J^J ga'ad (juq'ud), to sit 
down, stay;^g:^, AJ gaW 
jitkallim, he continued to 
speak, j;,; ga"ad, to cause to 
sit down, cause to stay, jcli 
qdHd^ one who is sitting 
down, staying. ^U qu'dd^or 
^i-i qa'M, act of sitting 
down,staying. jui, maq'ad, 
bench, seat,saloon of a ship, 
pi. JcXi. maqd'id. .jL_cli 
qd'da^ model, method, pe- 
destal, base of column, pi 
OlJtl; qa'ddt ^ or jcly 
gawct'id. jicls; taqd'ud , 

retirement from service; 

-icUJl j,U. ma'ds et taqd'ud, 

retired pension. j^U;, 

mutaqd'id, retired from 
service. .A.2i\ ^j ^-^^ ^j'^^^ 

11th month of tiie Mohame- 
dan calendar. 
j^ qa'r, bottom, anus, pZ. j^ 

«-»* .>_i4:-.l (^s:-j) istaqaff, to 
consider ignorant, think 
lightly of, despise, ^aj 
qafqaf, to shiver with cold. 
^ ga/a, back of the neck,nape, 
pi. ^\yi qafawdt ; Ui Jj.|j 
M^f7 qafa, cuckold; Jc^. W 
•j.^ li> 'djis 'ala qafa g4roh, 
he lives on others ; ^. jiUi 
.xlU Jistagal min qafa 
ydoh^ he works carelessly. 
u^^J ga/ftlx, see ^o 
>' ( >i. ) qafax (Jiqfis ), to 
jump, spring, skip. •Ji\qafs, 
act of jumping, springing, 
skipping., j^j qafza, a jump, 
a spring, pi, CAjAqafzdt. 
j\iiqaffd.s, metal spring, pi. 




jola qafafys. j^H qafyz, 
bracket, pi. wlj^ii qafyxdt. 
J.i»(jLi5j) ga/'as {Jiqfls), to 
seize, arrest. ^i» qaffis, to 
seize or arrest one after the 
other. ^iu\inqoifas, or «i2;l 
itqafas,to be seized, arrest- 
ed. JLii qafs, act of seizing, 
arresting; ^ a"^ kaldm 
qafSj stuff and nonsense ; 
ijji w-aH Jo- 1 aljad es san^a 
qafs, lie did not learn the 
profession systematically. 
^aii qafas, cage, basket or seat 

of date-palm ribs, pi. 
^U»l aqfds. ^Jetii qaffds, 
maker of cages, baskets or 
seats, pi. <u»wj qaffdsa, or 
j^^lij qaffasyn. 
Cj\Lii quftdn, long robe worn by 
men, pi. ,^\ii qafatyn. 
»6 ( *i2.) qaftct\ to be hollow, 

become a skeleton, ^u 
muqaffa\ hollow, bag of 
ja (JaSp ) qafal ( Jiqftl), to lock 
up, close; »-l:il\j wU\ J«5l 

ig/iZ el bdb bil muftdh, lock 
the door up! Ji5 ga/??^, to 
lock up one after the other ; 
ll Jij qaffil baqa^ shut up I 
hold your tongue 1 JiJil 
inqafal, or JisrI itqafal^ to 
be locked, shut, closed, jl*- 
Jslj homdr qdfil, an old 
donkey. J^u.ma5/'(ii,locked, 
shut,closed;Jya. ^s-UMp-ife 
maqfAl, joined eyebrows. 
Ji»' ^a/?, act of locking, 
shutting, closing. Jij, qifl, 
padlock, pi. Jliil aqfdl. J^\i 
qdfla, caravan, pi. Jily 

A.ii quffa, native basket of date- 
palm leaves, pi. .-iis qufaf. 
j^5 qafyz, see ji» 

Ji (Ji)gaWrji^J^'.J,to decrease, 
diminish, be scarce; J^if- J» 
»-lj5 gaZZ ''aqloh we rdh^ 
he was foolish enough to go. 
Jk; ^a^Zf^, to reduce, lessen. 
J2ls qalqal, to stir, move a 
heavy ihing. ^^\\iiqOilqal,io 
move, be moved, be stirred. 





Ja:-.| istaqall, to consider 
loo little, be independent; 
J.SP ^ii^jistaqall ^aqly^ he 
considers me foolish. J^U* 
JAS gaZf/Z or qulayjil, little 
of, few, slight; jsJ\Ji» 
gaZt/Z eVaql, foolish, silly, 
pi. Ji»\\ ^%> qulaldt el 'aql; 
»_»iVI ^}iqalyl el ada6,rude, 
impolite ; U-l JJi gaZj/Z eZ 
i^aya, shameless, insolent, 
impudent ; tj-^ U Ji» gaZj/Z 
ma kaUimtoh, iiow often 
have I spoken to himl JiJ 
jLs-lj U ^1 gaZj/Z in ma rdhs, 
it is not improbable that he 
will go; ^y^\ II JA» gaZyZ 
lamma asufoh, I seldom 
see him. Jil aqall, less ; ^yjl 
aqalloh, at least. a^» giZZa, 
scarcity, want, paucity ; ;y; 
wil gtZZei adab, rudeness, 
want of politeness; cU^yj-,*-! 
ahsan min qillctoh^ better 
than nothing ; «.:l> (i j Jo-lj 
rdyiZ ^•ay qilletoh, a useless 

man; ,AiU ;;y5 Jc 'aZa qillet 
fdjda, to no avail, uselessly. 
4^21} gaZgaZa,stir,moveir.ent, 
disturbance, pl.^}i':^qaldqil. 
J^i^-I istiqldl, indepen- 
dence. Jm muqill, mean, 
miser, pi. j^ muqillyn. 
Ji^-^ mustaqill, indepen- 
,i"^» qildda, necklace, pi. x"^) 
qaldjid, or ^Ij^ qiladdt. 
-Ujj^i qalaixz, see ii^lj 
*i!>U qalldja, residence of the 

Coptic Patriarch. 
wi» { ^ii)qalab,( j iqlib) ,io turn 
over, upset, overturn ; ^ 
j.,1; nafsy qalabet, I have 
the nausea,! am sick. ^\JgaZ_ 
Zi&, to turn over one after the 
other, examine, choose. ._Ji;l 
inqalab, or ^il\ itqalab, 
to be turned over,u|)set,over. 
turned. ^VL"li^gaZZZ6,to turn 
one's self, be turned over ; 
l$J-lUc l^n itqallibu 'alSh 
el hukama,he was attended 
by one doctor after another. 





s^M' maqlAb, turned over, 
upset, overturned; v-^^lill 6 jZ 
maqldb, upside down, in a 
contrary manner. _l5 qalb, 
act of turning over,upsetting, 
overturning; ^itqalb, heart, 
inside, interior, kernel, pi. 
wjli quldb; Aij. ^iij fy qalb 
b^toh,insi(ie his house, right 
in his house; -ill J J^^r^ J J" 
illy fy qalboh ^ala lisdnoh^ 
he has no secrets, he is 
sincere ; ^l» di j^ jigy lak 
qalb, will you have the 
heart ? ja.*.\ ^ j fy qalb 
ba\i, one with the other ; 
«J.c Jt.1 qalby 'aldh, I am 
anxious about him. ^.U7 
taqlyb,act of turning over, 
examining, choosing. ^\2. 
magto6,place where rubbish 
is thrown, decharge pub- 
Zjgae,trip, pl,^\i.maqdlib. 
^_,!ll qdlib, form, mould, pZ. 
^ly qawdlib ; ^^ v_.U» 
qdlib t{ib,hv\c\fi; o'j-J' w^l> 
qdlib ildiwdn, glove- tree; 

4*j»- ^^l; qdlib gazma, 
shoe- last. 
j-\i qalbaq,hood,pl,j,yiqaldbiq. 
^' ( ^. ) ^aZag- (Juqlug), to 
totter in walking, roll. 
_i»tU ( _iptU ) qalhaf, to be dry, 
hard. ^Ptli* muqalhaf, dry, 
hard. Ais^ qalhafa, dryness, 
hardness, aridity. 
^V> ( jj2. ) qallid, or w jl2rl i7- 
qallid bi, to imitate ; jU^i ^» 
^ j^\ huwa Jitqallid bil 
ufrang, he imitates the 
Europeans, j^iu m it qallid, 
one who imitates. sAm 
taqlyd, imitation. 
(_rU (^li) qallis, to ridicule, jfl 
make fun of, mimic ; k\c ^J^i 
qallis ^alih, he made fun of 
him. ^j-il? taqlys, act of 
ridiculing, making fun of, 
lili (iabi) qallat, to ease nature. 
Ja.Ui taqlyt, act of easing 
nature. l»jii qalldt, excre- 
ment, cake of dung. 
a; {^hjqala'' (jiqla'),io uproot^ 




take off (clothes);*i/ J.;gato' 
'^inoh, he took out his eye. 
Vi qalla\to uproot one thing 
after tlie other, cause to take 
off; l:»^. 4.Ji qalla^oh min 
Aena^ hustle him away! get 
rid of him! Ail inqala\ or 
A.a!\ itqala\ to be uprooted, 
taken off. iJJ qat, act of 
uprooting, taking off. ..Ul 
^agiy', act of uprooting one 
thing after the other^causing 
to take off. »*"» qat, sail, pi. 
p.jl; qulu^; fyli ^^. markib 
qulA\ sailing ship. 4.J.> qal'a^ 
fort, fortress, pi. »l; ^ito', 
or f-^l qiW ; aJ^U eZ ^a^a, 
the Citadel of Cairo, s-^2. 
miqld\ sling, pi. «J^ 
maqaly". 4_-Ai' taqly^a, 
innovation, pZ. »JUr taqaly^; 
*..i2r j ._j» JT JlL.) Jitla'' 
hull j6m fy taqly'a^ he 
gets up something new every 
lii; gala, or UlTTcaZ/'a, "architect, 
foreman of workmen^ head 

woman -servant in a harym. 
}a^ {^h) qalfat' to tar, calk 
a ship, work carelessly. laiiil. 
muqalfat, tarred, calked^ 
carelessly done. i^^qalfata, 
act of tarring, calking, 
working carelessly. 

t^jy^ qaUxfunyja, colophony. 
jVtf j'i ) qillq (jiqlaq), to be 
uneasy, be awakened at 
night, pass a sleepless night, 
jl» qalaq, to cause to be 
uneasy, awaken at night, 
cause to pass a sleepless 
night. jlJ gatog, uneasiness, 
anxiety, sleeplessness. jUU 
qalqdn, uneasy, anxious, 

^\A\iqulqds,colocasia antiquo- 
rum, native potatoes, sg. 
4.-\A; qulqdsa, pi. .i,LUl» 

JJiU qulqdl, clods of earth. 

U (U.) qallim, io box the ears, 
trim the branches of a tree, 
etc. \.i>muqallim, striped, li 
qalam, pen, office, stripe, 


slap, pi. ^':k>\ aqldm. <Xi, \ 
maqlama, pen-rack, pen- 
tray, pi. \\.Ia maqdlim. 
*UgaZto, native water-bottle, 
pi. ^p qulal. Jl» qulaly, 
water-bottle seller, pi. 4-lJi 
A- jli gaWil^sa, clergyman's hat,pZ. 
^^l.; qalalys. 

J»j.l» qallM., see Lli 

-kjlM li^^i) ^ttZo'Ci^, to join with 
screws. Ji^lail itqalwaz , to 
be joined. Ji.A»* muqalwaz , 
joined. *i;jU qalwaza, act of 
joining ii J j!A5jl<-.« musmdr 
qaladz, screw-nail. 
J5 ( Ji ) qala ( jiqly), to fry. 
Js'>\ inqala, or J2;l itqala 
or itqalla, to be fried. Js* 
maqly, fried. J» gaZy, act of 
frying. ai!jU« mi gZdya, frying - 
pan, pZ. Zj\i'^A,miqlajdt. J2» 
maqhx, place where peas 
are roasted_,pi. Jla. maqdly. 
*Jii; taqlyja, sauce of chop- 
ped onions, etc* 

*l»i» qalyta^ see iai» 

JJj gaZj/Z, see J» 
•-UJ qammdh, see ;»i 
j\^ qumdr, or jV.a\\ ^J Zi'b eZ 
qumdr, game of chance, 
gambling. ^j\.; qumdrgy, 
or Jjl^ qumdrty^ gambler, 
pZ. aj^j^ qumargyja, or 
A_jj\i qumartyja. 
Jlj\i qimardty, glazier, pZ.AJljU 
j.\} qumds, stuff, cloth, pZ. * 
aqmisa; c,u}\ j^\} qumds el 
Mt, surface of a house, 
ground on which a house 


stands, j.\J qammds, seller 
of cloth, pi. *..i\^ qam- 

^\} qumdt, see. Jai 
aJL*J qumbanyja, see *Jl^ 

jy4.» (jj^Sj ) qambar, to place at a 
height, prop, .jji qamhara, 
act of placing at a height, 
propping, jyj qambAr, 
hunch; j^ y\ abu qambdr, 

^*i qamh, wheat, corn, sg. A.J 
qamha, pi. ^\:>Jqamhdt.^ 




qammdh, seller of wheat, 
pi. *»■]} qammdha, or Oi'-\^ 
gammahyn. ^j^i qamhy, 
j*^ ( j*-«i ) qamrnar, to toast 
bread, ^ri itqammar, to 
be toasted, y^hmuqammar, 
toasted. jj*.sr taqmyr, act of 

; ga/nar, moon,/)/. j\^l aq-mdr; 
^j|l ji qamar ed dyn, paste 
of dried apricots, oji qama- 
ra, moonlight; »jJ>qamara, 
cabin of a ship, pi. Cj\ji 
qamardt, (Sj~ qamary, 
lunar, (sj Qlmry, turtle- 
dove. Ajji qimryja, bower, 
skylight, small window, 
pi. ^\J> qimryjdt, 
yj • j»j;l ( yJa.:t_ ) itqammis , or 
»-ju)"l ltqanzah,[o rebound, 
skip about, j^vi? taqmyx, 
of rebounding, skipping 
about, .y qamza, a skip, 
pi. dji qamzdt. 
kL^ qam^a, whip, lash, /)/. o^ii 
qamsdt, Jcii qamsagy^ 

coachman, groom, p/. kfcZJ 

^jA*i f ^^i) qammas, to skip or 
kick about ^Ja^^*M taqmys^ 
act of skipping or kicking 
about, frolic. 

(ja*i ^t^mmas, archpriest. 
Ja*J ( Ja*i ) qamat ( juqmut ) or 
qammat^io tighten, swaddle 
a child. ia«.arl ti^ctmmaf, to 
be tightened, swaddled. 
]a.^i>muqammat , tightened, 
swaddled. ii.*jr taqmyt, act 
of tightening, swaddling, 
i^l^gumd^, swathing clothes, 
pi. o\i.\i qumatdt, ijil? 
qammdta, board to which 
women were tied to be 

..J gam', funnel, cone, p/. e.\^l 

i^qumqum, scent bottle, pi. 

}\} qamdqim. 

^y^iqaml, lice, sg.^^* qamUt, 
pi. C''^^ qamldt. J.»i, 
mu^ammj/jinfesled with lice. 
i.AjJ qamama, stuffed fish. 


• •r 


j_^;J qamys, shirt, pi. o^-**-' 

gumsdn; »y ^_i qamys 

ndm, bed-gown ; J^j\^Ja.■i 

qamys uf rangy, day shirt. 

A.--^» gam t/na, kiln, pi. j*i qimn, 

or oU^J qamyndt. 
Jl5 kandl* canal. 
Jljlagawatod^y, nightman^ joZ. 
Aj'ly? qanawatyja. 
Ajbi qandja, small stream, chan. 

nel_,/)Z. vI-UJ qanajdt. 
^:; qinnib, twine, hemp. 
yljui konterdto* see y Ijco 
<t>t:; qanga, Nile boat-house, pZ. 
^9 qinag , or j^U;* qangdt. 
js-J{jx:i.) qandaq, to eat very 
little, eat in a delicate 
cJ^JdSqandalaft^ sacristan, pi. 
4.-:il Ji:s qanda laftyja, 
JjJi:i qandyl, old fashioned lamp, 
pZ. Jiilii qanadyl. Jjil^ 
qanadyly, lamp-maker. 
r3^9 .^_)vSJI(^j;4:. )iigan^a^,see _^ 
i^-^''* qansul* Consul, pi. J-*!-? 
qandsil. ^%ai> qunsuhXto 
or kunsuldto. Consulate, 

pZ.O^"^-a:i qunsuhxtdt. 

j\kjqintdr^ 100-pound weight, 

pi. jjtl:* qanatyr. 
A.jkij qantirma, bridoon, pi. 
^l.jk:> qantirmdt. 

tJLiqantara, bridge, arch, pi. 
J:>\J qandtir ; *■ jU^i _;tUa)\ el 
qandtir el bajryja, or j4\ i 
/'wmm eZ 6a/ir, the Barrage ; 
^j^ ',J^:> qantaret sarf^ 
escape bridge ; ^ij^y Jjl*-5 
qantaret mudxna,OT Ui^kS 
qantaret gtima, regulator ; 
j^ lJL:>qantaret hag ■g,'weir 
to raise level of water. 
,i(.:ii)qana' (jiqni) or qan- 
na\ or ^■.l\aqna\to content, 
convince. »:s;liigana',or «::;i 
iqtana\ to be contented, 
convinced, vis, muqtanV, 
contented, convinced, ^^i^l 
iqtlnd\ or acU* gan^ <x, 
contentment, c-^i qanO!", 
resigned, unrepining. 
j^" ( _,»:s_ ) qan^ar^ to raise the 
buttock. ,_,«J qan'^ara^ act 
of raising the buttock. 




jui qunfid, porcupine^ hedge- 
hog, pi. J.U » qandfid. 

j[i{ j^h) qannin, to assign^ 
apportion. (j\J. muqannin , 
assigned, share, portion. 
0^'li qan{in, law, code af 
law, regulation, dulcimer, 
pi. jjjlly qawanyn ; -J (iil 
oy^''; idda loh hil qantin^ 
he gave him as much as he 
ought to, he gave him his 
right share; l-o jyliH ei 
qaniin keda^ this is what is 
right. ^^yl5 qan{i.ngy, one 
who plays the dulcimer. 
e-y.) qanix'' , see »:; 

^ ( ^5, ) (/ana (jiqny ), to ac- 
quire, possess. j.> qdny, 
possessor; (ji^:^ jli iM ana 
<^dny hosdn, I keep a horse. 
^ qany, or -c;; qanyj'a^ 
acquirement, possession. 
4l»jy qannyta* dry biscuit. 

y ( jr. ) QO^har ( jiqhir ), to 
offend, grieve.\inqahar , 
or j^;l itqahar, to be 
offended, grieved. j^j,i. 

maqh{ir, or jl^^ qahrdn, 
offended, grieved, j^ ga/ir 
grief, sorrow, chagrin. ,j,^s 
qdhra, Cairo; ,j»'i ,y g-aioa 
qdhra, force majeure. 
jjUj^ qahramdn, major-domo. 
.^fj qah loa, coffee; ,^ qah wa, 
ca/'^, coffee-house, pZ- Si\^ 
qahdwy. ^y^ qahioagy, 
coffee-house keeper, p^.t^^fJ 
•jiy qauwdra, broken ware, pi. 
wljly qauivardt^ or j.)\^ 
^\y qauwds, Gavas, consular 
guard, pZ. 4-1^ qauwdsa. 
^'y qawdm , see *U 
vy 9^^> d^y scubs,sg'. ij^qCiha, 

pi. zXy qubdt. 
»l<y(Oj4)) qauwitj to feed, 
nourish. OjaJl i7gauu)i7, to 
be fed, nourislied. ^^i qAt^ 
food, nourishment ; >.:<j;l\ 
ifj)j-^\ el qO,t eil darCiry^ 
the bare necessaries of life, 
jy (jy:) </^"ft'ot^, to hollow. 
j^;l itqamoar, to be 




hollowed, jji, muqauwar, 

hollow, j,^.' taqwyr, act of 

hollowing. »j^, maqwara^ 

tool for extracting the pith 

of vegetables, pi. j^Lt. 

»j)> qdra, forehead, pi. jy 

(fj/ Q^!fy, young lamb. 
^J.j^ qds, bow, arc ; wllJ^j ^yt\ 

elqds win nassdb, bow and 

arrow ; ^y ^^ qds qazah, 

«J»y qiita, see jUjIj 
jy ( j^Sj ) qauwaq^ to cackle. 

jj^; tog toy g, act of cackling. 

jjy ^1 umm quw4q, owl. 
Jy gdga',snails,sp'.-uiy qdqaf^a, 

pi. wlJy qoqa^dt, 
^^qdl* column, army corps, 

pi. oVy go^i. 
Jy gdi, see Jlj 
*l-y gdtoAa, cob (of maize), pi, 

*y gdm, see *l» 
<lj>^«y homisjdn* board of direc- 

tors,commission, committee. 

policeman, pi. wli^..»y 
komisjondt. ji^-*y /co- 
rn isytjng'i/, representative of 
a commercial firm, pi. 
Kk- ^;-.. y /com isjongyja. 
(^ljLt.y komanddn* commader, 
commandant, pi. ol>Ai.y 
/coma;idan<Ji;*iU.-.i-l 0'-*^*^ 
komanddn el habsabdna, 
provost marshal. AJlai-y 
komandanyja, comman- 
dant's office. 
4.aiy qonasa, gizzard, pi. ^j^ily 

Ai'y g^na, icon, pZ. oy quwan 
f^\iJi^y kaAsagdsy* Turkish postiL 
licn,pi. 4._-»U-jy /ca^sag'ttsyya. 
(iy (i^yj ) qiwy{Jiqwa ), to be 
strong, powerful. tSygautoa, 
to strengthen, encourage, 
consolidate; tiUiy qauwy 
gaZfcaft, have courage! tJyJt 
itqauwa^to be strengthened, 
encouraged, consolidated, 
(^y:. mitqauwy, streng- 
thened, encouraged. Ajyl tog-. 
wyja, act of strengthening,* 


encouragement, consolida- 
tion .y quwa, force, 
strengtli, power ; v • ;y jy'j 
^jl^>. loahdr quwet 'Isryn 
hosdn,20 horse-power engine; 
^\a\\ ijl quwet el qalb, 
courage ,bravery. (iy q<^ioy, 
strong, powerful, pi l^il 
aqwyja ; ^^l qawy, very ; 
iS)^ ^y>,f kuwayjis qawy^ 
very nice ; (ij2H. aj^^I iV/ra_ 
6o/i hil qawy, strike him 
with all your might! ci^aUi i^ 
hallimoh bil qawy, talk 
loudly to him I «iy ^^ti» 
sdhby qawy, he is a great 
friend of mine ; (iyi ij ^i^ j^- 
haqq el qawy aqwa, might 
is right. iS)'-' Jj) waraq 
mugaawja, pasteboard. oil >s. 
muqauwyjdt^ tonics. 
J qaj, see U 
^Ij qijds, sec ^U 

ii\j (iijdfa, style, fashion ;w..^l-9 
*»U sd/ijb qijdfa, stylish, 

a1(j qayjdla, see JJ | 

4.«lJ qijdma, see |.U 
^ ( ^. ) qayjah, to have pus 
or matter, j!^' mtiqayjah^ 
having pus or matter.*^ q^h, 
pus, matter. 
aJ (j.^_) qayjid, to tie down, 
register. xi"l iiqayjid, io 
be tied down, registered. 
J..4* muqayjid, or a^ii. 
mitqayjid, tied down, 
registered. aJ (/^d, or 
^'^Qyjyd, act of tying down, 
registration; A)-\ sj Jc 'ala 
qid el hajd, in a state of life. 
Olj^J qijuddi, registration 
office, record office; ^T 
JjS»;» /cd.ij£i qijuddt, regis, 
trar. ^^2. maqwid, halter, 
thong for tying the legs of 
a donkey together, pi, a^la. 
s.} q^d, see .jl5 
i-l jv> qyrdt, inch, 1 /24th part, pi. 
iaij\J qararyt ; *«)_;l jLp ^^^ 
■^U> j:j-^j dahab Hjdr 
arba^a we 'isryn qyrdt, 
24-carat gold ; :x.j--^} *»ijl 




i>^j^larab^a we 'isryn qyrdt,\ 
perfect condition. 
Jli_.» qysdny, ea.Hhenware pottery, j 
k.i[L.\) qayjat, to upbraid, 
taunt. ia..i; taqyjyt, act of j 
upbraiding, taunting, 
j^lk.j qytdn , thick cotton cord . ! 
JJ ( J:2: ) qayjil, to take a siesta. ; 
J-xir iaqyjyl, siesta. JLl ) 

qayjdla, mid_day lieat. 
J-5 qyl, see Jvi 
ial.5 ( Jal^^ ) qSlat, to liave a 

hydrocele. iaLl. muq^lat, 

one who has a hydrocele. qalyta, hydrocele, pL 

dk-ls qalytdt. 
AS? qyma, see «lj 

d) = /c 

il afc, Ihee, thy, thine mas. ; i/c, 
thee,thy, thine /"em. ; di.^ 
darabak, he thrashed you ; 
il /ca,as, like ; j^kainn ,as 
if. <^kum, yuu, your ; S^.^ 
darabtukum, I struck you; 
'C,\x^ kitdbkum, your book. 
^^|S' kabtxs, see ,^-5' 
J_^,'^ kab&ly, cantaliver. 
^'^kdtib, see ^iC 
dlJ^rS" katulyk* Catholics, sg. 
^.\ y S" katulyky, 
jS" ( a.-C. ) Md (Jikyd), to 
displease, tease, outwit. iS^ I 

inkdd, or .jSCri itkdd, to be 
displeased, teased,outwitted. 
jSC:« munkdd, or j^. mji_ 
Md, displeased, teased, 
outwitted, ai' /c^cJ, or t^^ 
k^da, displeasure, anger, 
vindictiveness. (S:>yfkajtX- 
dy, vindictive, pi. ^o^^f 
jK kdr* profession, work, pi. 
^\j^ kardt ; o^^l JiJ 
arbdb el kardt ^ artisans. 
iZ^jS'kdrista, articles for repairs 
of saddlery. 




c.J€ /e(irr, slender part of the leg 
of a sheep^pZ. 9-j\y'kawdri\ 
ij^ Uarro' see ^.^(^ 
jij^ karfis , see j} 
^jX" kAs, cup, glass, pi. oLS^ 
kasAt ; wUl^l .Jl Ji-I 
a^d erf damm bil kasdt^ 
*i^ kdfa, seej!^' 
j^'^ kaf{ir , camphor. 
aI/s /fa/iY< to, old-fashioned jacket, 

pi zM f'€^kakulAt . 
S^ { S'^. } kdka (jikdky ), to 
crow, cackle. a-'T^ muka- 
kyja, act of crowing, 
j^)^ kalus,* golosh. 
o)^ kalixn, see oy^ 
f'^ kdm, or Ckam, how much? 
how many? ^S" *c\^\ es sd'^a 
kdm, what time is it •? j.lSC 
bikdm, for how much? .5" 
*y_ Ai^Jm jom, how many 
days? ^Aam,or ^1 akam, 
some, few ; Lr/f* cikam 
qirsjew piastres. *-i kim- 
myja, quantity, pi cXp 


J*'^ kdm il, see jC 

0^ (D>>^) ^^^ (juMin ), to be ; 
oS" JU;'- ^-\ Mt hajsii kdrij 
a poor house, a simple 
house ; J ^^ ^<^^ /'j/^ 
there was; Ji}i j. j.^, j ^'^ 
kdn fy j'um min ddl, there 
happened on a certain day. 
^f^\ ikkauwin, or j,^vl 
itkauwin,to be formed, j/^ 
fe(5/i, being, existence; o/^ 
ma' /con, although ; i^fi 
likOn, for, because ; ^'^ i^if 
kdnoh rdh, the fact of 
his having gone ; Ai/^ilU 
kdlet kdnoh, while that. 
i,\,^^kdjna, calamity, mis- 
fortune, pi. vibl^' kajndt. 
j^Vi^/co/'^ln, being, existence. 
ij^ kunja, surname, title. 
iIjSC makdn, place, pZ. ^^^1 

jy'^/cani/n, stove, hearth, fire- 
place, pi. a^^\f kawanyn. 

^^•^ kdhin^ priest. 

^^(wX) A;tt66 ( jukuhh ), to 




pour out^ upset, discharge 
semen. ^i'r'/fa&6j&, to make 
round balls, heap up. ^^ 
kahkih ,\.o ^lAW .^'\ inkabb, 
or ^r\ itkabb, to be poured 
out^ upset. ^y\ ikkabbib, 
or ^f-'Mtkabbib, to be made 
round, heaped up ; \f^ ^\:}\ 
4..\c en nds ikkabbibu 
''al^h, people gathered 
around him .J^nkkabkib, 
to be spilled, ^fflmakbAb, 
poured out, unset. ._jC 
mukabbib, round, ^kabb, 
act of pouring out, dis- 
charging semen, ^^fs tak-^ 
byb, act of making round 
balls, heaping u[). 4..C5^ 
kabkiba, act of spilling. i.S. 
mikabba^ dish or tray 
cover, pi. olC mikabbdt_ 
X^kaba^ or L? qaba, obsolete, 
old-fashioned, clumsy. 

^J\S^kabdb , small pieces of meat 

roasted on a spit. 
:>tfkabbdd jx\e6.\cQ\ lemon^citorn. 

^\S^ kabbds , see ^j.S^ 

Ai\f kubbdja^ glass, tumbler, /)Z. 
cJ^yf kubbajdt . 

S.f.sf\ ( J-C ) ikkabbid, to 
endure;^j\-a. jS'\ikkabbid 
masarf//", he incurred great 
expenses. .a;IC mukdbda, 

sS^kibd^ or ,jS^ kibda, liver, 

pL xf^ kibad. 
j\.^ (j\J kibir (jikbar ), to be 
large, be great, grow, age ; 
O^p *-.i; nafsoh kibret^ he 
became conceited; Jcj^T^* 
0iXi\\huwa kibir ^alal 
hudum, the clothes have 
become too small for him. 
jf /cafetor, to enlarge, cause 
to be great, magnify, ex- 
aggerate, j^ kdbir , to 
contradict, be obstinate. J^\ 
ikkabbar, or jfs\ itkabbar, 
to be enlarged, conceited 
j^-l istakbar, to consider 
large, be conceited. .)y.C/c«br, 
greatness, magnitude, size; 
^^\ jfkubr es sinn, or ^ 
kabar, old age. j^T kibr, 


or \>jf kibryja, or jS3 
takabbur^ conceit, pride, 
vanity. j<f kibyr, large, 
great, enormous, old, aged, 
pi. j9 kubdr ; ^:U ju'T 
kibyr en nafs, or j^u 
m if /cafetiar, conceited, proud, 
haughty; o^5oi 4l.J!l el l^la el 
kibyra, last night of a fair ; 
4e-b^.CM el kibyr bltd^oh ^h'ls 
chief,his superior. ^.^a/v6ar, 
larger, greater, older ; jS^<ii\ 
alUXhu akbar, good God! 
dearmel j.Kl akdbir^ or 
oljU'T kubardt^ grandees, 
dibtinguished people, j'^ 
makdbir , obstinate, oj^' 
mukdbra, obstinacy, con- 
jf^kabar^ mustard soed. 

iSj'S" or (Sypkubry^ bridge, pi. 
(ijliT kabdry, 

^jf'kabryt/)V ^liS^kasfaryt, 
matches, sg. o jf kabryta, 
pi. •^^''■ijf kabrytdt ; c>>,^ 
j^.W kabryt ^amiid^ brim- 

^_^5^( |_,-^ ) kabas (jikbis), to 
press, capture, conserve 
( vegetables in vinegar ) ; 
^ylljc ^j^ kabas ^alayja en 
ndm, sleep overcame me. 
^jlf kabbis, to shampoo. 
^_ySj\ inkabas, or ,j-^l 
itkabas, to be pressed, 
captured, conserved. ^_^^C. 
makbus, pressed, captured, 
conserved. ,jS^ kabs, act of 
pressing, capturing, conser, 
ving. *,-.^ kabsa, sudden 
attack, alarm, pi. cX-^ 
kabsd t . ^\fkabbds, piston, 
valve. ^^.S" kabAs night- 
mare. ^^.C mafefta*, pressing 
machine, pi. ^^^.makdbis. 
^fi.:.. sana kabys, leap 
Cjf.^f^kabsun,'' capsules, percus- 
sion caps, 5(7 . i:>y^kabsAna^ 
pi. ^[if.J)' kabsundt, 
J.f( ,J-f^. ) kabak (jikbis), to 
grasp.^'r/ca6s,act of grnsp. 
ing.A-i^r/vab.s-a, grasp, hand- 
ful, ladle, pi. ^11^ kabsd t ; 


jVj^ kabset icildd, few 
boys, ijjf kubsa^ hook, pi 
^tfkubas; £jjP5 AiS kubsa 
we 'in^ hook and eye. 
*S^kubba, plague, pestilence. 
pi. T kubab. 

Z^S^kabbui, or ^.S' kabbud," 
cloak, great— coat, pZ. ^b 
kababyt: t^jiS.i.S'kabbut 
el 'arabyja^ hood of a 
^^{_^p-i) kaba (jikby ), Id be 
tai-nished, dull coloured. 
t^i^ kdby, tarnished, dull 

juS^ kubiba^ Syrian dish made 
of mashed meat and pearl , 
^ k ibyr, see _^ ' 

,yf ^^£-) kubMl ( 'arabyjaj' 
coupe carriage, brougham. 
_ if kitdb, see ^^ 

JcS^kitidn, flax, linen; ^IriT'jv j 
bizr kittdn, linseed; ^^ ' 
ijh5' Tit kittdn, linseed oil. | 

^.,^{ w-iC ) katab ( jikiib ), to , 
write;^^^y ^ ^ ^ katab j 

ly 'ala gamus^ he ordered 
a dictionary for me. _^ 
kattib, to cause to "write. 
_ji€^ kdiib , Xo correspond. 
..^^ inkatab, or ^:^1 

itkatab, to be ^rritten. 
^^lX. maktub, written ; 
^»iC maktvLb, letter, pi. 
^^makatyb.Ai}::^ kiidba^ 
writing, inscription, pL 
jL.l.lii' kitabdt. v-<b5' kitdb, 
book, pi _^ kutub ; ^^ 
l^ ^jliT katab kitdboh 
'alSha, he betrothed her, 
*i W _^feufu&Mna,library, 
bookshop, pi. otU- _^ 
kuTubhandt. ^ti' kuttdb, 
elementary school,pZ, ^^'li^ 
katatyb. _^1S^ fed rife, writer, 
clerk, pL 4fi kutaba, ori 
^\::fkuttdb.,.^S^ maktab, 
desk, ofB.ce, study, school, 
pZ. ^"^ makdtib. *^p^ 
maktaba, de^k, library, pL 

ji^LlC maktabdt. >J>'^ 
mukdtib, correspondent, 
p!. (j^l^ mukatbyn. *^9*»] 



mukdtba, writing, corres- 
(jondence, engagement, pi. 
Z,\-^^' mukatbdt. ^Vili'l 
i&fj<tt6,subscription, enlist- 
ment. ^^'^kut by, hookseller, 
pi. AjLi^ kutbyja. 
^jj^^katidra," cathedral. 
jv5^( jlx) ) kitir ( Jiktar )^ to 
increase, be numerous. Jo 
kattar^ to increase, add to ; 
j.^'S'^jLv U ma tikattars 
kaldm ,do not talk too much 1 
jOw.1 istaktar^ to consider 
too mucli; i}ij<^. jy^^^^-j, y* 
huwa bijistaktar bi h^rak, 
he is much obliged to you. 
ySC'i ii/f(Jn>, to be numer- 
ous, too many, jl:) kutr, or 
»jS kutra^ plentiful ness, 
abundance, jc.'f kityr, 
much, many, great deal, pi. 
jVS' kutdr ; jci^ AX. ^^p-\ J 
hyja ahsan minnoh bi 
kiiyr^ slie is a great deal 
belter than he ; *^l^\ j^^f^ 
huwa kityr el kaldm, he is 
lalliUlive;jj:;n_,V*:'l thumma 

ashdb kityr, they are great 
friends. j\!!\aktar, more; 
^\^\ JS\ aktar en nds, 
most people, 

^^kata\ having one arm. «:5f 
akta\one who has one arm, 
fem. \m^ kat'a^ pi, ^ kut\ 

_ii5^(._i:>o ) kattif, to tie the 
hands together.>_i:.^Ti7t/fa<- 
ay, to have the hands tied 
together, fold the arms 
across the chest. >_i-..C 
mukattif, or^.ii5c. mitkat- 
lif, one who has the hands 
tied together or the arms 
folded across the chest. 
^I'Sz taktyf, act of tying 
the hands together, folding 
the arms>_A:.'r^A::r/',shoulder, 
abutment, wing, pi. ^JL^ 
aktdf, or ^^ kiidf; tjjij 
Ai\:S\ ddru aktdfoh, they 
tied his liands together 
beiiind his back; Uu^ ia»- 
hatt kitf, he ran away, 
he bolted ; dUii*^^ ifj^\ 
ydy a/ti kitfak, I will 




follow you ; ii\S'\ Jc ^. ^j 
ramamin 'ala aktdfoh,he 
shirked the responsibility. 

■S'^( ^.\ )katkit, to be curly 
(hair). cS^^» mukatkit, 

J ^yi^ katk{ii J chicken, pi. z^flS 
'^kutla, beam, bulk, lump, 

mass, pi. Ji-S" kutal. 
c^ ( z^)katam ( jiktim ), to 
conceal a secret, hold one's 
tongue or breath. ^.Cl 
inkatam, or aC'I itkatam, 
to be concealed, held. a>:\ 
itkattim, to keep silence. 

withliold the truth. 


maktAm, concealed, held; 
4.^:5Ci ^^k| batny maktiima, 
or vi^c^ ^_ &a(n(/ katamet, 
I am constipated, ii katm, 
or^\^ feiim(in, concealment 
of a secret, act of holding 
the tongue or the breath. «^ 
/fa^ma,closeness of atmos- 
jc^kityr, seejS 

{^_)kahh (jukuhh), to 

'^j^'i'katyna* watch-chain, pi. 

.jcSS katdjin. 
A»Ui kasdfa, rudeness. v_iii^ 
kasyf, rude. 

t _ 
cough. I kahh^aci of cough 

ing. i^ kuhha, cough; t^ 

kahha, a cough, pi. ^^ 


•lS- (^etC j kahat ( jikhat ), to 

scrape. z^:>£" kahhat^ to 

scrape repeatedly. ^^tCl 

inkahat , OT c.-^^ iikahat, 

to be scraped. o^=tC» mafe- 

/iiii, scraped. ^^ A^a/ii, act 

of scraping. 

^*- /tft/t/i, cakes, sg". S^ kahka, 

pl.Cj^^ kahkdt_ 

J*- (J^) kahlial, to dye the 

eyes black, put colly rium in 

the eyes. Jstff ikkahhal, or 

JscVil itkahhal, to be dyed 

black. J=tC mukkahhal, or 

JscX:, m itkahhal, dyed 

black. J~X* takhyl, act ^ 

dyeing the eyes blacl^ 

putting coUyrium in the 



eyes. jCkuhl, black dye 

for the eye, collyrium. j^: 


kuhla, pointing {mas. ). ^ 
kuhly^ light black. 4^^* 
mukhila, pot of black cos- 
metic for the eyes. 

J^ij^i ) ^'^^}y (Ji'kha ), to be 
worn out ; J;;iJ\ ^<lS \il 
ana kihyt min es sugl,l 
am exhausted by work. 
C)\X kahjdn, worn out, 
miserable, wretched, worth- 
jX /i-«/i^i,tliorough bred horse, 

pi. Ji\Ckahdjil. 
kf kilija 'siew&vd, stewardess 
in a Turkish family. 

jr(jC) kadd (jikidd), to 
work hard, j^ kadd, hard 
work, fatigue ; iM^^» .'>i( 
istardh min kaddoh, he 
bought it with money 
earned by the sweat of his 

\s^kida^ so, thus; \jl^J.>mus 
kida, not so, not in lliis 
manner ; I jSTJc jt* mus 'ato 


kida, not for this reason; 
IjS^^^ hass kida J only so, 
this is all. 

_<j5^(wJ.C) kidib(jikdib),io tell 
a lie; xSc- ^J^ kidib 'alih, 
he told him a lie. ^iIiT 
kaddib, to contradict, give 
the lie to ; jji- J:.)jri« ma 
kaddibs Jiabar, he lost no 
time. wi-Ji^ takdybj act of 
proving to be false. wX 
feirffe, falsehood, lie. aijS' 
kidba,di lie, pi. z>\{^kidbdt-, 
J.j;l iJ^kidbet a&rt/i, April 
fool. sj'jT' kadddb, liar, joi. 
(jjjIj^ kaddabyn. ■^i€^j.\ 
amr kddib, slander, Ubel, 

jjITC jJ-C) kaddar^ to annoy, 
vex, grieve, reprimand. jJO I 
ikkaddar, or jjS^I itkad- 
rfar, to be annoyed, vexed, 
grieved, reprimanded. jJX. 
mikkaddar, or jj.^» mti- 
kaddar, annoyed, vexed, 
reprimanded. j,_a^' takdyf\ 
act of annoying, vexing, 




kadar^ ill-humour, grief, 
vexation, annoyance. 
*-^ kudda ,ng\y woman^pL iJi 

kudad, orolJiT kudddt. 
y (fA karr (jukurr)^iocome 
successively, undo a reel of 
cotton; vl.^ -Wl el ayjdm 
karret, days passed, /f 
karrar, to repeat, distil, 
refine, ^^karkar^ to roar 
with laughter jlaugh heartily. 
jf[ ikkarrar, or jjCrl 
itkarrar^ to be repeated, 
distilled, refined, j^C mu- 
karrarfiT jjC-.tmitkarrar^ 
repeated, distilled, refined. 
J karr, act of coming 
successively, undoing a reel 
of cotton; jT oWUo^^l)' talat 
sa^dt /earr,three consecutive 
hours, j^^ takryr^ repeti- 
tion, distillation,refinement. 
jljj tikrdr, repetition, 
recurrence,! jljC; iikrdran, 
repeatedly. ./jT karkara, 
loud or hearty laughter. 

4ijl/' kurraryja^ bobbin^ 
reel, pl.zXjf kurraryjdt. 
\^ kira, see ,sj 
Zj\'f kurrdt^ leek. 
j\fkardr, pantry, pi. o'jl/ 
karardt. ^j\f kardrgy, 
steward, questor, pi. *.:^jl jT 
^\'f karrds, copy. book, pi. 
^tj\fkararys. i^\^kiir- 
rdsa, pamphlet,/)/. ^ijljT 
^\} karrdka* dredger, pi. 

i.'\fkardma, see *_^ 
i.t,\f kardha^ see ejT 
4> jlj^ kardwja^ caraway, 
vy (vJN! ) ^<^^o.b {Jikrib ), to 
grieve. wjC;l inkarab, or 
s_j_^l j7fearaii,to be grieved, 
have cares, ^if.* makrdb, 
grieved, one who has cares. 
^^ karb, grief, sorrow, 
cares,anxiety, distress. v_<^ 
mukrib, grievous,tiresome. 
T^lJ" kurbdg, lash, whip, pi. 


e |0 


JljT kurbdl, sieve for straw, 

pi, ^S^karabyl. 
LTljiu-'.Si) ^<^^bis, to push oae 

down (stairs, etc.). ^_^_f\ 

ikkarbis,ov _i C' itkarbis. 

to be pushed down_, fall 

j:^( ^>'■J^) kartin* to put in 

quarantine; ^c\^:'J^karti- 

nu''alihum, they put them 

in quarantine. *.'>^ kart ina, 

act of jiutting in quarantine. 

AZcljTor Au:i ,5 karantyna^ 

quarantine, pi. ^\:.<-:>yka- 

tj^karta' vemnanl of a meal. 
^yfkartdn, pasteboard. 
ii\!>-^ karalidna* brothel, pi. 

oil" \i^fkaraliandt. 
;^\if kirddn, or c^^j: gifddn, 

necklace, pl.^,._i\fkaradyn. 
J^^fKj-^^'.) /'("■f^'^is, to commit 

self- pollution, ij^ifkardi- 

sa, masturbation. 

jf (, JjC) karaz [jikriz ), to 

preach. ,j\fkirdza, act of 
preaching. ,j^1karza^ a 
sermon, pi. Z.\}f karidt, 
jij^karuz, preacher, pi. 
^^karaZj cherries, cherry- 
trees, sg. ojf karasa^ pi, 
Cj\jf karazdt. 
'f {^^)karras,{o consecrate. 
^^^ takrys, consecration. 

^^^f kursy, chair, pi. ^\f 
kardsy ; Jlj* ^} kursy 
hazzds, rocking-chair jj-^^ 
jJL.c kursy bi masdnid, 
arm-chair; 4$^M ^^-j kursy 
el mamlaka, capital of a 

J-fij-f. ) '^^^^^ [jukrus ), to 
drive away, hurry, scratch. 
J: ^jC ma A* r^'s,d riven away, 
hurried, scratched. J: jwvar^', 
act of driving away, hurry- 
ing,scratching. *-i_p karsa, 
discharge, iiurry, haste. 

j.J^kirs, belly, stomacli; ^1 

J.f abu /itVs, potbellied. 

.A^ji kirsa, Iripe. ,^U_^ 




kurasdty, tripe seller, pi. 
i.jUjT' kurasatyja, 
Ay-fkarsd,ny, Arabic in Syriac 

f-f-f^j^ipjn) ikkarra\ to 
retch, *» jsJ takry\ act of 

'i^karafs, celery. 

i\ykurk* fur ^ sable. 
ySf"{^_f-l) karkib, to make a 
noise, confuse, upset ; *5j> 
WJ\^ j^. karkiboh min 
'^ala es saldlim^ he pushed 
him down the steps; ji,.>l^CU 
Aijl^ ma tikarkibUls 
masarynoh, do not make 
him uneasy I do not frighten 
him! sS ^ ikkarkib, or 
jTJCM itkarkib, to be 
confused, upset. s^ijC ma- 
karkib, or ^f^.mitkarkib, 
in a state of confusion,tupsy 
turvy. ^jkarkiba, noise, 
disorder, confusion, fuss. 
*i^f karkdba, piece of 
furniture,poor furniture, pi. 
s^f karakyb; *^.ff t'^^\ 


"-aghza kark{iba, helpless 
old woman. 
f kurkum, saffron. 
*J^/fam/i:a, native ladies' vest, 
pl. cJ^ ^ karakdt. 
C)f }karak6n, seejy»_^ 

f_p .»j((.fj)akram (Jikrim), 
to honour, respect. /j( 
ikkarram, or .JsJ! itkar- 

ram. to be generous 



»j\fz.^\ *Jt ikkarram "aleh 
bi sigdra, he offered him 
a cigarette* jC mukarram, 
honoured, respected. jrjCr 
takrym, act of honouring, 
respecting. *^ karam, 
generosity, liberality. i.A} 
kardma, honour, dignity. 
^\^ikrdm, respect, hospi- 
table reception ; il^V Cl jTT 
ikrdman liabCtk, out of 
respect for your father, for 
your father's sake, ef' 
karym, generous, liberal, 
hospitable, pl. \^f kurama, 
or K\f kurdm ; rjT'JajUi 
;^dbit karym, general 




officer, iifkaryma^daugh- 
ter, pi. ^UjT karymdt. 
*.jC makrama, noble 
deed, generosity, pl_ ^J^ 
J.'f(j.»jC)karmis, to wrinkle, 
frounce. JL./r ikkarmis, 
01' LT'J^I itkarmis, to be 

wrinkled, frounced. JL-^C 
m //carm is, wrinkled, froun- 
ced, o./'fearm isa, wrinkle, 
f ro unce,/)Z.^.. ]//,« ram ys 
*i^^kurndfa, butt.end of rifle. 
^^fkurunb ( or ^.fkurumb), 
cabbages, sg. Ajfkurunba, 
pl. d^^fkuranbdt. 
*^S^karantyna,s(iG ■•,<C 
J^fkornds," cornice, pl.J.^\f 
of (•/") karah or kirih 
(jikrah),ov ,j<L\istakrah^ 
or .jCl ikkarrah, to hate, 
detest. ,j"karrah, to cause 
to hate or detest. ,J^\ 
in karah, or ,p\ it karah, 
to be hated, detested. ,jjC 
makrCih, hated, detested ; 

o>» 'iJijy. V l:.j rabbina la 
jdryk makrdh, may evil 
r^ever befall you I >fkurh, 
or aaIjT kardha, or -i-*^ ^^ 
kuruhyja, hatred. ajJ^ 
/far^A, hateful, detestable, 
i^ad, foul. ,f\akrah^ more 
hateful; Jc U ./i a/vra/i ma 
'akiyja, what I hate most. 

pl. d^>\if kirawatdt. 
C)\jf karawdn, caravan, pl. 

■^\i\i} karawandt. 
SjfkerCiky,* sketch ( plan ), 
A^^if kuruhyja, see.jT 
c^,}fkaraw^t, sofa, divan, 
^fi^f.) ^^ara (jikry), to let. 
Jure. ^sfi\ inkara, or tfjCfl 
itkara, to be let, hired. 
(.^jC;-! istakra, to take on 
hire. ^sjC. makry^ let, 
hired. l_^/a"m, rental, hire, 
fare; IjCii ^.; i,(?n<7 kira, a 
house to let; I jTo^c 'ara6f/- 
^f/ A- j>tt, hackney carriage. 
^[fkurC-sa* frill. 





<dXifkur^k,sho\e\, pi. J^if 

pC karym, see ^f 

*j} kartjh, see,f 

»j\-ykusbara, or ,j\.J> kusbara, 

kil!/^ kaxlak, small butcher's 
knife, /)^. ciJ!l_^ kazAlik. 

ij^ kuss, sexual organ in the 
female, pi. ,j-\'^\ aksds. 

\^ kisa, see ^ 
AS' kusdh, see «^^ 

^__^( ^JC ) kisib ( jiksab ), or 
^-.:5'| iA'^a.<ia6,to gain,earn. 
^Skassib, to cause to gain 
or earn ; di.-Clij rabbina 
jikassibakj I accept the 
price (or sum) you name. 
fc_,l_:.ri iktisdb, act of gain- 
ing, earning. _^-C maksab, 
gain^ profit, pi. ^J€^, 
makdsib. Cj^^S kasbdn, 
gainer, pi. j^'X^kasbanyn. 

A.^ kusba, refuse of sesame. 
J\. J) kasabdny , seller oi kus- 
ba, pi. <uL-o kasabanyja. 
ajU-^ kastanO'* chestnut. 

^ViSkustibdn* thimble, pi 
tj(jjV3 kasatbyn. 

*xl.iS kustiUta* chop (mutton, 
etc. ) . 

di^.ijTkust^k, or d^:i.Just^k*long 
watch-chain, pi. dLiLS' 
kasatyk, or dl^rLl asatyk. 
^jTi *--^ ) /lasa/i (jiksah), to 
drive away ; ^s--^ ^ ).\ el 
markib kasahet, the ship 
went with the current. «li 
kassah, to cripple. tc-vI 
inkasah, or ^_vl itkasah, 
to be driven away. ^l:Sl 
ikkassah, to be crippled. 
^iC mukassah, cripple, pi. 
o**..C mukassahyn. ^^ 
kusdh, rickets. ^ kash, 
act of driving away. ^^S' 
kasha, a discharge, pi. 
cU.-S' kashdt. 
^i^( jX ) kasar (jiksar), to 
break, defeat. jS' kassar, 
to break to pieces, j-vii 
inkasar, or _,-5jl itkasar, 
to be broken, defeated ; 
,jl^l j j-5^1 inkasar fy ei 





tigdra, he failed in com- 
merce; ^^U i.^t-jJ>J\inkasar 
'^aldh fulus, he still owes 
money. jS\ ikkassar^ to 
be broken to pieces. j^-C 
maksAr, broken ; ,j^-.C4;.p 
'^noh maksdra, he is asha- 
med. j-C mw /i assar, broken 
to pieces. j-Cu munkasir, 
poor, miserable, helpless. 
jS kasr, act of breaking ; 
jS kasr^ fraction, pi. j^S 
kusdr ; jyS^i A*)jl AclJi es 
sd'a arba^a we kusCir^ it is 
after four o'clock; j^ij *— ?- 
j}^i f}(xmsa qurtis we 
kusCir^ more than five 
piastres. .^Ji kasra, de- 
feat. tj^JT^ kisra, piece of 
bread, pi. j^ kisar. j^J)S 
taksyr, act of breaking to 
pieces. J^-IST: takasyr, 
"change". ,jjC maksara, 
tijjS kasar6na^' snucepan, 
casserole^ pi. cXsjjS' ka- 

tJL^kustarra^ ruler ^for draw- 
ing lines j, pi. CiljiuS" 
^S ( ^JC ] kasaf(jiksif), to 
give a sharp reply or 
rebuff, refuse a favour, 
disappoint, shame. tjiJsJl 
inkasafj or *_i.-vl itkasaf^ 
to receive a sharp reply or 
a rebuff, be refused a favour, 
disappointed, be shy or 
ashamed. ^^JC maksAf, 
ashamed, shy, AiS kasfa, 
sharp reply, rebuff, refusal 
of a favour, disappointment, 
pi. •LXkS kasfdt. ^jJt" 
kasAf, shame, shyness, 
eclipse of tiie sun. 
^C-i (^CC) kaskis, to move or 
cause to move backwards. 
*-Cj kaskisct, act of 
moving backwards. 
^\S^ kuskusy, kind of native 
^jjT {^^-\)kisil(Jiksal}, orjlS* 
kassil, or J-lX"l itkdsil, 
to become idle, lazy. JjT" 



>■ »iii> 

kasal, idleness, laziness. 
,;j>L5' kaslAn, idle, iazy, P^- 
JljT hasdla, or t^ul^^jT 
kaslanyn. A-C maksala, 
asylum for the lazy. 

S'kasm, shape, form, figure, 
^^jT kusuf, see k_i-.C 

j^jT (^jC) kasa(Jiksy), to clothe. 
J>ol inkasa^ov ^Ss\itkasa/ 
to be clothed. ^^C maksy, 
clothed. IJT kisa, clothing, 
dress. ,yS^ kiswa, suit of 
clothes, dress, uniform, re- 
gimentals, /JZ.^^l-S' kasdwy; 
»^jCjI el kiswa, the Holy 
Carpet; *i,j,l-!i\l)Skiswet 
et tasryfa, full dress 
uniform. a.-C taksyja, act 
of clothing, covering, pitch- 
ing; ,\ Jc i-JC; taksyja 
'ala en ndsif, dry rubble 

J-^ {J.^Jkass(j ik iss),to shrink, 
shrivel, draw back sulkily, 
frown. jSltf kaskis, to 
gather , frounce, plait. JlX. "."jT 

ikkaskis, to be gathered, 
frounced, plaited. jSJi^> 
mukaskis, gathered, froun- 
ced, plaited. J^^kass, act of 
shrinking, shrivelling, 
drawing back sulkily, 
frowning. kL^'T kaskisa, 
act of gathering, frouncing, 

j\t.^ kasdra , see ^.L^ 

iliiT kasdf and kassdf^see k_iii 


.ijr ( ;»-i\ ) /casa/i ( jiksah )_, to 
get rid of, drive away.^e-Ld 
inkasah, to be got rid of, 
driven away. ^^iCma/f s^</i, 
got rid of,driven awdy.^zJT 
kash, act of getting rid of, 
driving away. 

15^ (j-t-C) kassar ^io frown; ^li 
J kassar fyja, he looked 
daggers at me,j>ii^ taksyr, 
or »jli.s kasdra, frown, 
austere look. j,tS^ kisir, 
austere, severe, unkind. 

d^ { i_ii.5C) kasaf (Jiksif ), to 
uncover ; ^JU UiZlT kasaf 
hdloh, he disgraced him; 



'Jc ^iri iksif 'alayja, 
examine me physically 1 
i^sSj\ inkasaf, or <jLi>i\ 
itkasaf, to become uncover- 
ed. ^liSX iktasaf, to dis- 
cover. ^_iijC:-l istaksif^ to 
discover,find out, ascertain. 
o^X« maksdf, uncovered. 
>^t^kasf, act of uncovering; 
uJ^kasf, table, list,state_ 
ment, return, report, pi. 
^yZjT kusO,f, or zJ^ytS^ 
kusufdt ; ^\ ^iiji ^.^ 
maktab el kasf et tibby, 
bureau des moeurs. oli^j 
kasdf, or UlLS^ kasf, open 
air, unroofed place. ^iUi 
/cassd /"jCustom liouse officer, 
douanier ^pl^ij^Xz^kassafyn. 
^\L:^\ iktisdf, discovery. 

SJS" hisk, cakes of flour and 
milk ( for cooking with 
minced meat);j\S.I S.L^kisk 
almds, asparagus. 

>iXt.$ kuhk, kiosque, large sentry 
box, pl.zJ^iLSkuhkdt^xiXiS' 
Ji.-'^\ ku&k el muxyka, 

J^JiS kuskdr ^ coarse meal. 

f (c^) ^ct'' (juku"'), to vomit; 
^jli)\ ^ ka"' el fuUs, he 
was obliged to pay the money. 
S" ka^\ act of vomiting. 

s^ka'b, ankle, heel, pi. y^^S' 
ku'{ib, or s^\M^ak'db; ^^ 
Jlj;J\ ka'^b el gazdl^ native 
small biscuit;lLiJ\ ...^ka'-b 
el 'asdja, ferrule of a stick. 
4.j^l elka'ba, the shrine at 

^^ (jS^)ka'bil, to cause to 
stumble down, entangle. 
^j^\ ikka'bil, to .stumble 
down, be entangled. 4:»^ 
ka'-bila, act of stumbling 
down, entanglement. 
j»'r'(^.C)/ct'f/, {j ik'a), io endea- 
vour hard, do one's best. 

^^{^\) kaff (J ik iff) , to ce&se; 
.jljI u^ kaff ydoh^he with_ 
drew, he ceased. ._«£> 
l^(^fftf, to hem, seam. ._i;i5 
kafyf, h\im], ^SXS' kifdfa, 
act of hemming. 


Lk^kaff, palm of the hand, slap, 
pl.^ ji^kufuf;^ y^ kuf{i,f , 
gloves. Aif kaffa, platter of 
a pair of scales, pi. oUi^ 
kaffdt; iij\ iif kaffet 
bar&d, pouch ; jUa-i liS^ 
kaffet bytdr, farrier's pa- 

»jU5' kaffdra, see J.f 

AAkfkifdja, seejLS^ 

c^i-fToi^l icJ^yinkafaUjinki- 
/i^;, to die, sleep, lie down. 
*::i<^kafta, death, sleep. 
A.:i^ kufta, balls or cakes of 
mashed meat fried in butter. 
ji.< (ji^^Jkifir or kafar(Jikfar), 
to disbelieve,blaspheme, be 
an infidel, lose patience, be 
enraged. JS kaffar^ to 
expiate a crime ; a1 J.^ iS-^. 
a-Jls^ biddy akaffar loh 
"-ystoh, I shall serve him 
rightly, I shall pay him 
dearly. jS'kufr, ungodli- 
ness, unbelief, loss of pa- 
tience, rage, j^' kdflr, 
disbeliever^ ungo dly, infidel, 

pl.j\iS\uffdr. Ci\f^kafrdn, 
angry, enraged, pi, Cj^AJl^ 
kafranyn. ,j\i^ kaffdra, 
expiation, funeral offerings 
of charity. 

_^5'/ea/"r, hamlet, small village, 
pi. j,iS^ kufur, or .j^i5^ 

^jiS'kafal, or ^iS^kafan, hind 
quarters of a horse or 

^iS^[^^>-i) kaffin, to cover with 
a shroud, ^i^ ikkaffin, or 
^ySj\itkaf fin, to be covered. 
^yS^, mikkaffln, or ^yScA 
mitkaffin, covered. ^i^jiSj 
takfyn, act of covering 
with a shroud. ^iS^ kafan, 
shroud, pi cj'i^ akfdn. 

j.^{j^)kafa (jikfy),losu{Rce, 
be enough, upset ; .^IS^jii^ 
jikfa kahXm, you have 
talked enough! ^\ '>^\ J^ 
kafalUx es sarr, God forbid I 
A-ij Ic .US' kafdh 'ala wiL 
soh, he threw him on his 
face. fjS^ kaffa, to suffice. 



be enough ; jj^j JlC !:> rfa 
jikaffy dilwaqt, this will 
do for the present, j'^kdfa, 
to reward, recompense. Jz^ 
iktafa, or j.Ct-l istakfa, 
to be satisfied, have enough; 
^j.% ^iC-l II hxmmti istakfa 
surb, when lie had drunk 
enough. JSC"! itkdfa, to be 
rewarded, recompensed, 
j_^ii.C muktify^ or ^^i^c-.* 
WMsia/c /"i/.satisfled/ull.jlsC:. 
mi7/cd/"(/, rewarded, recom- 
pensed. j.\. makfy, thrown 
on one's face, jx.mikaffy, 
satisfied ; j\. »^ji.hadddm 
mikaffy, servant onboard 
wages. J^ kafy, act of 
throwing one on his face.iAo 
enough ; di^:,\i.5 J^i- liiid 
kifdjtak, tal<e enough for 
yourself! .'»SC. mukdfa. 
or *.j€i> mukafyJa^rQwani^ 
gratuity, compensation, pi. 
j,bl^.. mukafdt . M'€kdfet, 
all, the whole of ; ^V^\ i>S' 

kdfet en nds, every body, 
all the world and his wife; 
iJjiift U ii^kdfet ma'andakj 
all you have. ,t\i^ kafda^ 
sufficiency, ability. 

sji-jS^ kafyf, see UtS' 

JS" kull, all, every, each ; JT" 
jp-\i kull wdhid, each one ; 
^U\ ^^kull en nds, every 
body : ^ kulloh, or aJS^ 
kulletoh, all of it ; JS^ 
kuUuhum, all of them ; J^ 
^•,. feaZZ minhum, every one 
of them; '!^ Jc 'ato kullan, 
comparatively better ; ^\ 
A^JS^eZ kull kalyla,the whole 
lot, altogether. \^kullyja- 
tan, at all, altogether. 
4J5 A^jju madrasa kullyja, 
college. I.IS' /cuZZama or few/i 
ma, whenever, whatever, 
all that. 
*» "^kalldba, see ^IS^ 

^'li*^ kalldf, sec ^K^ 
^^ kaldm, see IT" 
v-*l^ /caZb, dog, pZ. ^'^ kildb ; 
j4\ yj^ kalh el bahr, shark; 




(jjLK^^K^ kalb kalbdn, or 
v^^ ^K^ /£aZ6 maklAh, 
mad dog ; Ast-'l .J^ kalb es 
syga, pawn of a di'aught- 
board. i^^ kaMba, or 
Q<i^ kalbitin, pincers, 
Ji.^^kulbasty * beefsteak. 

JJS'kalabs, handcuffs. 

f{ JSC. ) kalah (jiklah)^ to 
fade (colour) ; li J^\ ikkth 
baqa, you ought to be asha- 
med of yourself I JK' kdlih, 

^0 ( ,vi6C() kaklam, to be cross, 
out of temper. a^^> mukaL 
dam, cross, out of temper. 
AC^ kaldama, ill-humour, 

«-j^(^SC.) kallif^ to charge 
with a duty, cost ; ^-S^ ^^^ 
tfi^ kallifny aktib liab&h^ 
he asked me to write to his 
father ; ilj>\^ ^J^ kallif 
hdtrak, will you take the 
trouble? will you be so kind? 
please 1 ^"JT ikkallif, or 

Ui^Mtkallifj to be charged 
with a duty, cost. ^Su.-| 
istaklif, to consider it a 
trouble ;v_.;C.^SC:-.l istak- 
lif jiktib, he considered it 
a trouble to write. k_iKC 
mikkallif, or ,_ilC mit- 
kallif, charged with a 
duty, costing. ^_iAv taklyf, 
act of charging with 
a duty, costing, bother, 
fuss ; JA^\ ^SCl taklyf el 
lidtir, giving a trouble; 
^JSj taklyf^ cost, expense, 
pl.^}'^takalyf; ^ACjL.i U 
ma fys taklyf, or i_ii'vi\ 
f-,»j. et taklyf marfA\ 
without standing on cere- 
mony, i^i^kulfa or kalafa, 
cost, expense, trouble, pi, 
U^^kulaf, or olilT kulfdt; 
oUi-JJl iiK" feaZ/'e^ eZ fustdn, 
trimming of a dress; *iKC 
mukallafa, register of land 
tax, pi. Olil^. mukalkafdt. 
^Sj^ kalldf, servant who 
looks after the cattle in a 




\i!^ kalfa, see UJi 
Oii^( j:-i6C. ) kalflt, to hide, do 
a thing badly cr secretly. ^tiiK^ 
kalfita,ac\, of hiding, doing 
a thing badly or secretly. 
lP (J^J fiO'llil, to marry a 
couple, join in marriage. 
jKl^ ikkallil, or JSC"! 
itkallil,io be married; Jl<f^ 
l<^ huwa ikkallil ^aUha, 
he married her, he went 
through the marriage cere- 
mony with her. JJS"! aklyl^ 
or JJ^" taklyl, marriage, 
marriage ceremony. 
Jl^i^J kallim, to speak to 
some one ; ^ kallimny, 
speak to me I listen to me I 
^Mkkallim , or ^\ itkallim, 
to speak, talk ; \y^ \^\ 
ikkallimu sawa^ they 
talked together. »%"kaldm, 
conversation ; f'))^\ aJc J».Ij 
rdgil ^alih el kaldm, a man 
of importance ; j*-!^ ^'j^ 
kaldm Lodhid, a word of 

honour, fixed price; I3 ^"^^ 
i>\ el kaldm da i, is that so? 

really? z^_^ ^ , ^"j^ H ^t^ 
misy la kaldm wala hadyt^ 
he walked without saying 
a single word; dU^i^T jop \»1j 
wana ^and kaldmak,! will 
act on your advice! JLi l» 
^"j^ma fys kaldm, undoubt- 
edly, it goes without 
saying, iskilma, a word, 
pi. c-lf kilmdt; *f'\ ^- jii 
waladjisma'' el kilma,a.n 
obedient hoy .As.'^mukdlma, 
conversalion. ^umitkallim , 
speaker, pZ. o^^ mitkal. 
limyn. J\^ muklimdny, 
voluble, pi. ojJv^* mukli^ 
^kulla, sec j^ 
t^kiliva^ kidney, pi. ifi"^ 

A'Tkilym, car pet, pl.S^\aklima. 
'i^kumm, sleeve, pi. a1$i a/c_ 

mdm, or ^^kumdm. 
C kam. sec ^€ 
\j,^j^ kamardra,' chambermaid, 




pl.'l>\y,J^ kamarerdt. 
*.i^ kammdsa, see i$^ 
J^feam(Ji, and -J^ kimdla, 

see Ji 
A..!^ /f imdma, see 5^ 
cJ^kamdn, or Jl$^ kamdny, 
again, more, also; o'^Ji-s^ 
iddyny kamdn, give me 
some morel »ijl i^^ kamdn 
enta, you also, even you. 
*;'Vor ij\i kumbanyja,* com- 
pany, society, firm, p^ 
vi,LiLi or>iiULi kumbanyjdt. 
'^U^kambaryt * cambric. 
^^-f^kambijdla,*hi\\ of exchange, 

pl,ZjH\^ kambijaldt. 
jt:^ kambjo* raie of exchange. 
iSj-ikummitra, pears, pear- 
trees, sgf. Uj^/eummiirdja, 
pi. zX\ y^ kummitrajdt , or 
Z>\j^ kummitrdt. 
■« .jiSjl (jiSC) inkamad ( jin- 
kimid), tohe sad, gloomy. 
jjSC* makm&d, or aSC. 
minkimid, sad, gloomy, 
jii kamad, sorrow, grief, 

J^kamar* belt, /3L oi^^ 

ilj'gumruk* see il^?- 
t^kamara, beam, girder, pZ. ^ 
Zj\^kamardt, | 

(ijL.^ /eumsctr f/,*guard or conduc- 
tor of a train, ticket-collector, 
pi. Aij\^'>'kumsaryja, 
J-'i'ijS^i) kamasijikmis ), to 
grasp, shrink. (jiJI Inkamas, 
to be shrunk in one's self. 
h,^C makmiU, shrunk.JLi 
kams, act of grasping, 
shrinking. <i^ kammdsa, 
pincers, tongs, hoof_extrac_ 
tor, pl.zAi-^kammasdt. 
JS^( jC ) kimil( jikmal), or 
jSC:-.! istakmil, to be ccmp- 
lete,perfect. JS^ kammil, to 
complete, perfect,finish. J-SC" 
takmyl, act of completing, 
perfecting, finishing. J.Sj 
takmyly, supplementary. 
4I.SJ takmila, complement, 
balance. Ji$^ kamdl, com- 
pleteness, perfection. a11^ 
kimdla, remainder, rest. 





balance^ pZ. CAi^ kimalAt. 
^y»'^ kdmil, entire, whole, 
complete, perfect; ^y^^}>■\J 
rdgil kdmil, a respectable 
man, man of a certain age. 
*l$^^ biakmaloh , the whole 
of it, altogether. 
^{ jZ ) kammim, to muzzle. 
S^\ ikkammim, to be muz- 
zled. SC mukammim, or 
S<4 mitkammim, muzzled. 
i^C" takmym, act of muz- 
zling. A,^kumdma, muzzle, 
pi. ,i\.^ kumamdt , 

'^^ d.) kaman or kimin 
(jikman), to hide, waylay, 
sit quietly. ,^^\ inkaman, 
to hide one's seU.^y€^kdm in, 
hidden, waylaying, sitting 
quietly, j^ karnyn, ambus, 
cade, ambush. 
A^ kamanga," violin, pi, jjUif 

^y^kammiln, cumin. 

aS kimmyja, see»K^ 

fc^( J^.)kann (Jikinn), or 
j^c-l istakann, to rest. 

repose, conceal one's self. 
\^J^kandrja,'can-dTY, pl.zXJ^ 

^j.\iS^kannds, and ^.^VS' kundsa, 

see ^JJiS^ 
4»l:.>/c£m(i /'a, vermicelli prepared 
with butter and sugar ; ^ 
*»\i^ji>~ii>\'S'sahn kundfa we 
ganboh dfa, no larder but 
hath its mice. 
AUi kanaba, or k^ kanabi* 
sofa,canap^,pl, .zJi^kana- 
bdt, or ol(;u5^ kanabehdt. 
\s:,\j\-S'kontrabanda,' smuggling. 
yljO or yljo konterdto* con- 
pi. olJlj^ or o\lljy 
y.S^ kanto,' public auction; 
^vJl *-L;i inbd' bil kanto, 
it was sold at public auction. 
o^ kantyn,' canteen. 
\j<yiSkundara, slipper. ^^jJ^ 
/ca/idurag' J/, seller or maker 
of slippers, pi. *^jXi^ 
j^{ j;^^ ) kanax (jiknis), to 





treasure, conceal, hide. jl>.i\ 
inkanaz, or jlC"1 itkanas , 
to be treasured, concealed, 
hidden. j^C maknili^, trea- 
sured, concealed, hidden. 
^kanz, act of treasuring, 
concealing,hiding. jiOkins, 
treasure, hidden treasure, 
pi. j^kuniiz. (^yS^kuna- 
zy, miser, one who hoards 
money, pi. ^.j^ kunazyja. 
■fi^yj^^) kanas (jiknis or 
juknus), to sweep. ^J^ 
kannis, io cause to sweep, 
^d inkanas, or ,jJ>^<\ 
itkanas,io be swept. ^y>^ 
maknUs, swept. ^Skans, 
act of sweeping. ^_y.\:^ kan- 
nds, scavenger, pi. '^^^ 

i^J^kundsa, refuse,sweep- 
broom, pZ. ^y^' makAnis. 
Av^konsyna; playing-cards. 

j^ kanaka, see ^ 

^y^kunjdk; cognac, brandy. 

^^/c in f/s, synagogue. 

i^^^kinysa, church, pi. ^^ ^ 

^cT kanyf, water-closet, pi 
z>\i^^ kanyfdt. 
ijiS^kunja, see C}^ 
C}{'jfkahramdn, yellow amber. 
iifkuhna, rags, tatters ; J^'j 
Aifrdgil kuhna,Si worn- 
out man. ^jcxf kuhnagy, 
dealer in rags, pi. *f^ 
»3j\f kuwirta,* deck of a ship. 
<^\fka todsa ,niceness, prettiness, 
fascination. ^,fkuwayjis, 
nice, pretty, fascinating, 
pl. o<-if kuwayjisyn. 
^^ak was, nicer, prettier, 
j}t\fkawalyny, see o^f 
A,fk6ha; heart (in playing 

jfkdr, large bellows of forge, 
pl. j\ f( akwdr . 
i.^jfkoraga, an odd lot, one 

with the other. 
iiiijfkorddn; cordon, watch- 





tj^kdra, ball, /ji. jp kiiwar, 
or Olj/" kordt. 
siiojf kor^k* pitchfork, shovel, 
pl.-->^,jf korekdt, 
}f kCiz, mug, pitcher, pi. Jl/f 
akwdz; Iji jp k&z dura, 
head of maize. 

\^fk{isa, vegetable-marrow, 
sg.iA^p kusdja, pi c>\i\-'f 

^J-^iJ-^.) kauwis, to grasp, 
collect,gather.JLij'vJ ^a/c to t/s, 
act of grasping, collecting, 
gathering. Ai/" /c(5sa, corner, 
what_not, shelves, lime- 
kiln, pi. z>\z-f kosdt, or 
j.^ kuwas. 
«.p ( ?-jC ) ka wa" ( j ik w T ), to 
lie down and lean on the 
elbow. (-'/^ kauioa\ to lie 
down, sleep, c-/^ miikau- 
wa\ lying down, asleep. 
f.^ k{i\ elbow, bend, 
tube, pi. (j^"^ ky'dn ; 
liU/' j« ^j4 ji^hrug min 
kA'ak^ or Ss-p ^> A.k[jUla' 

m in k&^ak, I defy you to do 
the samel a1\^ ^ 
saqdh el ball m in ky^dnoh^ 
he paid him dearly for it. 
ijfkCtfy, Koofic writing. 
i^f^kufyja, or -ui^. busyja, 
silk muffler, head-shawl,pi. 
\j^fkoUra* cholera. 
r/''f"/i ) kauwim, to heap up. 
»/T ikkauwim, or a^\ 
itkauwim, to be heaped up. 
*^C mukauwim, or »^i» 
mitkauwim, heaped up. 
<:fs takwym, act of heaping 
up. *^C kdm, or a./' kdma, 
heap, jo/. *l^<1^ akwdm, or 
ul:^ kymdn ; f/'l.>j ^y*^ 
kulloh kdm we da kdm, 
anything but that! 
^^_y>f komobyl, sec j^j^ 

^pkdn^ see ^'S' 
^},y^\f kom^dl' consolle. 
^'^ff or ^^liijy kaHsagdsy' 
Turkish postillion, pi. 
A.^\iJ.)fov /u^\iJ:}^l kad- 





(^^(isfi)kawa (jikwy), to 
iron or starch ( clothes ), 
cauterize,, cause to suffer. 
(S/^>\ inkawa, or <s^^ 
itkawa, to be ironed, 
starched, cauterized, suffer. 
if^ ma/fM?y,ironed, starch- 
ed, cauterized, suffering. 
(^^ kawy, act of ironing, 
starcliing, cauterizing. S^ 
kajj cauterization. (sf-» 
makwa,f[ait-\Ton,pl. tSs^' 
makdwy. j-^ makwagy, 
ironer, laundryman, pi. 
t^f^-f^ makwagyja, 
^f kuwayjis, see*.-!/^ 

Jl^ kayjdl^dLndi\S'kijdla,see^^f 

^[S^kajdn, see i^^ 

^f kyb,smBi[\ hut made of mats. 
jS^kSd, see i^ 

a-^^LT-y-) kayJis,to rub with a 
kys^shampoo.^^ ikkayjis, 
or ^J.f^\ itkayjis, to be 
robbed, shampooed, ^^j.^ 
to/ci/yi/s,act of rubbing with 
a kys, shampooing. ^J^f^ 
kys, rough hair glove for 

rubbing bathers in Turkish 
baths, purse, sack, bag, 
coin of 500 piastres, pi. 
^J.'^\ akjds ; ,j\'(- ^jS^jcjL. 
sdfir 'ala kys g^roh^ he 
travelled at the expense of 
another ; *--5' (^^ vj da fa'' 
min kysohj he paid it out 
of his own pocket. JLiC^ 
mukayjisdty, professional 
rubber with a kys in 
Turkish baths, pi, ajL^C, 
fS (..C) kayja\ to torture. 
^^takyjy\act of torturing. 
•-V {^^j kayjif, to give plea- 
sure, humour, intoxicate 
shghtly. yJif\ ikkayjif, or 
^.vl itkayjif, lo take one's 
ease, be pleased, be intoxi- 
cated. .JlC mikkayjif, or 
UiS<' mitkayjif, at ease, 
pleased, gay, intoxicated. 
^f kSf, how ? ease, 
pleasure, comfort, placid en- 
joyment; SJifUifk^f kifak, 
how are you'? ^J^^J.) U ma 



IM k4f, or fcji^J;,)Ji» U ma 
'andds kSf,he is indisposed, 
he is not well ; dii5^ Jc 'ato 
kdfah^ or dUr kifak, as 
you please 1 A^i' ^^JfUJO', 
matter, affair, circumstance, 

^^kyka* game of hide and 

j5^(J.C) kayjil, to measure 
grains or dry goods ; ^1 JjT' 
It! I) kayjil loh bil qalam, 
he slapped him. ^yf\ ikkay- 
Jil, or J.vl itkayjilj to be 
measured. J.C mikkayjil, 
or jSc..m itkayj il^meSiSuved, 
J--C' iakyjyl, or Ji" /c^/, 
act of measuring; J.5^ A:^i, 
measure, ^l-^ /.-(?to, l/l2th 

part of an ardabb, pi. 

C>^keldt. JlV hayjdl, 
one who measures grains, 
etc. pi. cfr^l;*^ kayjalyn, 
or 41V5' kayjAla. 
J.»_^ kylomitr* kilometre, pi. 
^\Ji>^f kylomitrdt. 
0-^f kyUm, or o.?^^ kaUm, lock, 
p^. ojW/' kawalyn. j^^j^ 
kawalyny, lock-smith, /)L 
aJLW^ /ca u)a ^t/n yja. 
\^kymja,chexm%ivy ^ alchemy. 
\ifkyna* quinine ; \:fi\ ^-U- 
fjasab el /t:«/na, cinchona bark. 
j\if^kyndr, border, edge, ex- 
trevnHY^pl.Z^\j\.:^ kynardt. 
d\^ kijdkj 4th month of the 

Coptic calendar. 
iS^yfkaj&dy^ see .s^ 

J = 

J Z, Zi, to, for, because of, as 
far as; dJ lak, to you, for 
you; »i,.JI ZiZ 6<?(S, as far as 
the house ; U» uyA^ a! to/i 

sanatin hena, he has been 
two years here ; 4j^AijJ.*sJ U 
ma lakh tvtraboh, you bavo 
no right to strike him. 



V Id, nOj not, neither^ nor ; 
l;>Vjl:>V la da wala da, 
neither this nor that;*ra^l 
,^tftVj A-.i-V afjattoh la 
hamsa wala ^asara,\ took 
it gratis. %_ bala^ without ; 
■^% rij^ ardh baldk, I 
will go without you ; ^^ ^. 
bala haldm, do not say such 
a thing! j-^^i balds, gratis; 
jsi j:.^_ balds tigy, you need 
not come! j.%\ija balds, 
how clieap ! ^J,;>1< b J <i ji 
idda loh da balds, he gave 
him this gratis ; JL. iS:> A^<^\ 
ji,t>^j dl! A<;lj el ''amla dy mus 
rdjha lak balds,you will not 
do it with impunity^ you will 
not get off scot free ; J-^^^ 
A.U j^i" el balds kattar min- 
noh, make hay while the 
<;U-*^ latazdna,* see ^L^ 

M (_j|j) idh (juldh), to please, 
be attractive; 4.;.^ J ^ wliWI 
el kitdb Idh fy ''inoh, he 
liked the book. . ^V Idjih, 

pleasing,attractive.^*m iZ(//i, 
nice, excellent, pi, ^^U 
mildh. 43-^1. maldha, nice- 
ness, excellence, beauty. 

^iV Iddin, see^^ 

j.j'y ldzim,5eeMJ 

j-V ( J. A ) Z(^s ( j'ulAs ), to sting 
( scorpion, etc. ). Ai_^ Idsa, a ,*> 
sting, pi. cAi) losdt, 

c>**^(o*A) ^^^ (juld^), to be 
confused, be bewildered, be 
embarrassed, lose one's 
head. ^iV Idjis, confused, 
bewildered, embarrassed, 
losing his head, a.^^ I6sa, 
confusion, bewilderment. 
pV ( f A ) ^' (juld"), to be 
distressed, in trouble. ^ 
lauwa\ to distress. vVMyr, 
distressed, troubled, suffer- 
ing, ic) I6^a, distress, 
trouble, misery. 
ciV (vJA) Idf(juldf), to asso- 
ciate ; l^Jc^V ^* /iaM;a itt/ 
'aliha, he lived with her, 
he had a liaison with her. 
^'Jilauwif, or uijwallif, to 



cause to associate together. 
k_iJy tawlyf^ act of causing 
to associate together. k_ijV 
^y^A associated with, in 
love with. ^) 16 f, or *i)j 
wilfa, or ^^'1 JJ/W^ or 
*iJ\ Ufa, company, friend- 
ship, harmony, accord, 

ti"^ (<5:k) ^Q(jiiyQ), to be fit, 
suitable ; dU JLlL \» b da 
ma jilyqs minnak, this is 
not becoming of you. jjV 
Wyig^flt^suitable, becoming. 
*;U lijdqa^ fitness, suitable- 
ness, propriety. 

VV ^to, tutor,* pi, oW toM^. 

f*^ ifh ) ^"^ (julum ), or A^ 
lauwim, to blame. a^jI ii- 
Mm, or Wrl itlauwim, to 
be blamed. *^l. muldm, or 
Ajb. mitlauwim, blamed, .) 
Idm, or -% maldm, or a^!^ 
maldma, blame, reproach. 

m.V ^m J', see «!. 

d^ (a}\j) W^ (jUyn), to be soft, 
flexil-tle. (jJ layj'in, to cause 
to be soft^ cause to be flex- 

ible. ^*l itlayJin,io relieve 
the bowels. Oe' ^y^, softness, 
flexibiUty, diarrhoea, ^jjvltot/- 
jin, soft, flexible ; <il j^Ui 
bainy layjina^l have a touch 
of diarrhoea. OtulJ talyjyin, 
act of softening, causing to be 
flexible, relieving the bowels 
^^muUtyjin, laxative. 
fji ( 9j% ) ldwi\ to mai^e false 
promises. i~)% muldw'a, 
false promises. 
/■i^ hxwingy, attendant at a 
bath, pi. A^'f jV lawingyja. 

(iV IdJ, hose ( of a hubble- 
bubble), pi. oW lajdt. 
*<V Wy/ia, rule, regulation, pi. 
^) lawdjih. 

^V ( £^\j^ ) Idjim, to shorten, 
abridge ; aILAI ^"^ Idjim el 
masdla, do not let the case 
assume great proportions! 
do not l<;t the case becomo 
aggravated! <^')l itldjim, 
to take hold of, take posses- 
sion of; s^\:SS\ ^ c^^M 
itldj imt "^alal kitdb, 1 took 




possession of the book. 
wJ libb, pith^pulp, sg. *-! libba^ 

pi. >lA} libbdt ; J libba, 

necklace, slight slap, pi. ^ 

libab, or oU libbdt. 
V^ Ubdb, crumb, soft part of 

the bread. 
■5V labbdd^ felt ; oQ labbdda^ 
horse-cloth, pi. ^bU 

labbaddt. ,s}libda, felt cap, 

/3Z. jJ libad. 
^J^^ libds, see ^ 
-i»U;jM?, seeJiJ 
(Ij^ libdn, or j^U liddn, or j^^V 

Iddin, frankincence, resin ; 

.Jj.1 (^jU ZJ6(iri ei markib, 

tow-rope of a ship. 
OV labbdn, see jJ 
^j5(^Jj) labbab, to apply a 

poultice. ^;i' talbyh, act of 

applying a poultice. 'i4 

labba, poultice, cataplasm, 

pi. ^ lubalj, or o\«:^ labbdt. 
^labafj, lebbek tree, acacia 

egyptiaca, sg. i^ labada^ 

pi. C<W labalidt. 
jJ (jil) Zi&id (Jilbad)j to lurk, 

stick to one's place. jj/^Z^tft id, 
lurking, stuck to one' splace. 

»-^ libda, see jslJ 

lt:^ (ltA:) ^'^^'5 {jilbis),to wear, 
put on dress ; vIj jif- a-J 
libsoh ^afryt^ a devil pos- 
sessed him. ^J labbis, to 
dress, clothe. ^^\ itlabas, 
to be worn, put on. ^V 
idbis, dressed, clothed. ^_^^A. 
malbds, worn; ^_^^I« Jr^j 
rdgilmalb{is,ms.n possessed 
by anevilspirit;j_^!(s, 
or |_pi3 libs, dress, clothes, 
garment, pi. ^!>^.« maldbis, 
or ol-^-V. malbusdt. j_^i.\; 
talbys, act of dressing, 
clothing, pitching. ^_^U ZtMs, 
pair of drawers, pi. oUU 
Zj&as(ti, or 4-J\ albisa.^> 
milabbis, comfits, bonbons, 
sg. <^Lmilabbisa, pi. cX.i> 

j.i ( J:Aj) labbis, to confuse, 
stacker protect Nile and 
canal banks with reeds, etc. 
^^\j\itlabbis, io be confused, 




stacked. J:»l:. mitlabbis, 
confused, stacked. JlJi tal- 
■ hys, act of confusing, 
stacking. aIJ libsa, bundle 
of sugar-cane, bundle of 
reeds, etc. witii wliich Nile 
and canal banks are stacked, 
pl. j:.i libas, or oliJ libsdt. 

-laJ (JaJi) labbat, to dip the pen 
into the inkstand, apply 
colly rium to the eye. iu^l;! 
itldbii, to wrestle. Ja^-U 
talbyt ^(xct of dipping the pen 
into the inkstand, applying 
collyrium to the eye. i»L) 
libdtj or A.]^% muldbla, act 
of wrestling. 

(Jr(jij) labaq (jilbaq), to 
become one, fit ( clothes 
etc.), *i ji; <^j pAil el 
huddm dy tilbaq loh, 
these clothes become him. 
jiV Idbiq^ becoming, fitting. 

ciJiJ(iiUj) labak (julbuk), to 
perplex, embarras*. dJLl"! 
itlabak, to be perplexed, 
embarrassed. iJ^. malbCik, 

perplexed, embarrassed .4^ 
labka, perplexity, embar- 
rassment, trouble. 
w^U libldb, dolichos lablab, 

creeping plant. 
^ liblib, thoroughly, fluently; 
^l.U-ji ii»U hdflz daraoh 
liblib, he knows his lesson 
thoroughly ( school-boy's 
^j^J labldb, tendril of a branch, 
pi. ^JU labalyb. 
d^ laban, milk, cj^ labbdn, 
milkman, pi. *;U labbdna^ 
^ laban y, colour of milk. 
»^J labwa, lioness, word of 

insult to native women. 
^^ libys, sabeo vulgaris. 
jJ (vi.1;) latt (jilitt),to knead, 
chatter. »i.I latt, act of 
kneading, chatter. o'c) lattdt, 
talkative, chatter_box,/)i. 
tcj'W lattatyn. 
f-^ . ^^\ ( Al:t ) itlattim, to 
cover a part of the face, 
^lu mitlattim, on who is 
covering a part of the 




face, ^y litdm, veil for 
the lower part of the face, 
pi, ^UU litamdt. 
^{^,)lagg ( jiligg), io insist. 
Ai- laglig, to cnofuse, cause 
to stutter. ^'1^\ itlaglig, to 
be confused, stutter. ^-' 
mitlaglig, confused, stut- 
tering. I lagg, insistence. 
.ik?cU- lagliga, confusion, 
i.( >k ) laggim, to bridle. k\ 
itlaggim, to be bridled, 
confused, stuttering. ^' 
milaggim, or ^'mitlaggim, 
bridled. J^ talgym, act of 
bridling, .li. ligdm, bridle, 
pi. CjUU- ligamdt, or aJtI 
algima; at j^- ^ U- Llgdm 
hadyd, bit. 
a4- lagna, committee, commis- 
sion, pi. >lX-X lagndt. 
I {^.)lahh(jilihh),io insist. ^U- 
Uxhlah, to cause to be active 
or quick. t^\ itlahlah,to be 
active, quick. -ixJA- lahlaha, 
activity, quickness, energy. 

7^' milahlah, active, quick, 
energetic. r-U-l ilhdh, insis- 
ciU- lahdf, bed quilt, cotton 
blanket, p^. 4ii-l alhifa, or 

/>li- lihdm, see i- 

^^i- ( ^. ) toAas (jilhus ), to 
lick, ^s^'l itlahas, to be 
licked. ^^^«i^* malhtis, licked. 
ijj~ lahs, act of licking. *.J. 
lahsa, a lick, pi. cX^X 

Jii- (ii^l. ) lahaz, { JiZ/ia^ ), or 
iij-V Z(i/ii*, to observe, 
remark, notice, iii' I itlahaz^ 
to be observed, remarked, 
noticed. Ji^ malh^s, or 
Ak>-^.m a Zd/^^'a,observation^ 
remark,pZ.o\ii,^ malhuzAt^ 
or olL-lliL mulahsdt. ia3-% 
maM/ij^, observer, inspector, 
overseer, petty police officer, 
pi. t)*Ii>-!A. mulahsgn. Akl- 
lahza, moment, twinkling 
of an eye, pi. ^l^kl lahzAt. 

(i^ (js^)to/wg(yiZ/iag'),to reach, 




overtake jAiii^l \c iTcX-Mlhaqoh 
"alal mahatta, follow him 
to the station! catch him at 
the station! L. i^ii j^ji-l 
ilhaqny bisuwayjet mayja, 
give me some water quickly ! 
JS" L j,i-lihiqjdkul, has he 
had time to eat? has he eaten 
already? j^' I ja malhaq, 
how quickly I IcfiU-liZMgan 
bi ma, in continuation to. 
j^ mulhaq, annex, ap- 
Asttli- lahlaha, see i- 
)~{ A) IcUmm (jilhim ), to 
solder, copulate.i?liito/iam, 
to be soldered, f^'malhdm , 
soldered. .U- lihdm, solder, 
joint, pi. oUli- lihamdt. 
i-ta/im,or *i- lahma, meat, 
flesh,/)/, c^i- luhUm, or 
sliU^i- luhumdt ; jl:-J\ i- 
to/im. e.9 siri(t«, gum of the 
^^ ( ^j-^'. 1 lahwis, to lick 
repeatedly, flatter. *.-^i. 
lahwisa, act of licking, 


J^A- luhdqy, saucepan with 

4-i- /jAya, beard. 

Jai^ (Ja> ) to^&a(, see JaJi- 

Mi- (^j^i) to/jZa^, to jog, shake, 
cause to be unsound. ^,^)^\ 
itlahlah, to be jogged, 
shaken, unsound.7tli:*muZa^- 
to^, jogged, shaken, unsound. 
AitU:. lahlalia, act of jogging, 
shaking, want of solidity. 
^{^.) ladam (jilhim), to 
embarrass, confuse. *jiM 
itJahO'Tn ,\o be embarrassed, 
confused. ^^' maUiilm, 
embarrassed, confused. t)r 
lahma, embarrassment, 
confusion ; Jn- J^-lj rAgil 
lahma, a slow man. 

oU liddn, see ^\} 

l^K fji» ) toda' (Jilda^), to 
sting, copulate, f-jpl itlada\ 
to be stung, c-^ji- maldd", 
stung; AcjoU'i/' '"<^^« "la^- 
d^'^a, a prostitute, p/ *ij^U 
malady\ frjj tod', act of 





stinging, copulation. 4cjJ 
lad^a, a sting, pi. oWJ 
s-j! {'9- j\i)ladag (juldug),to lisp. 
Ac>ji ladga, lisp. j-jII aldag, 
one who lisps, /"em. IcjjZadg'a, 

<1)J (oj)i )tod(im,to dry bread on 
fire. (:;j).« muladdin^ dried. 
ij:jj.r taldyn, act of drying 
bread on fire. 
jj ( Jdi) lazz (jilizz), to please. 
JAri itlazz, or I:\\ iltazz, to 
be pleased, enjoy. .j^jj.. maZ- 
^ii^, pleased, enjoying. ,i! 
lasza, or .jl.. mala.zza, 
pleasure, delight ^enjoyment, 
i>Z. O'j) lazzdt, or ^IJil.. 
malazzdt. iij) lazys, de- 
lightful, delicious, /)Z. iU 

jj[ ( jA) liziq(j iUaq), io stick, 
adhere to; a! J_^l iZ^'ag loh, 
stick to him! do not leave 
him in peace! Jj^ laxzaq, 
to cause to stick, paste ; J_^ 
wl:i' 4I Ijassaq loh kitdb, he 

palmed off a book on him. 
ji;}., maUdq, or jjl. mi- 
lazzaq, stuck, adhering to, 
pasted, ij) lazqa, poultice, 
plaster, pi, jj luzaq, or 
wlij) lazqdt. 
■) (c3^;) lizim ( jilzam), to be 
necessary ; ^^> ,_IlC\\ ^ J ^» 
/latoa Zi^s-jm el kitdb min- 
ny, he held me responsible 
for the book, ^'j lazzim, 
or ,.jj\ alzam, to hold 
responsible, compel. p>l\ 
iltazam, to be compelled, 
have a monopoly or a 
contract, aj;}, malz{lm, 
malzumyja, responsibility. 
^>l. milt is im, compelled, 
contractor, one who has a 
mono^iolY ,concessionnaire , 
pi. ayy^^' miltizmyn. (-jV 
hXzim, necessary, requisite, 
required; Jiil\ ^t. . jV idsim 
^an es sugl, it is necessary 
to work, we ought to work; 
fj^W (ij zaj el Idzim, 




properly, decently, respec- 
tably. »1>U iZii^dm, respon- 
sibility, monopoly, contract, 
pi. jjUlj*0\ iltizamdt. «jl^ 
lawdsim, necessaries, pi. , 
necessity. » j\alsam , unless; 
4.5VI fj\ alzam alaqyh, 
unless I find him. ^j lasam, 
one's Own ; ^) a/" ij:\ ibn I 
^ammoh lazam, his first 
cousin. Jj' cJv^« muldziml 
auwilj lieutenant; Jl' »j% 
muldzim tdny, sub-lieu_ , 
tenant. «.._}l.maZ^ama, screw- 
press, part of a book, 
livraison, pl»j%maldzim. 
U lissa, still, not yet; ill:* iJ y» 
huwa lissa hendk, he is 
still there ; U* ilU lissdk 
hena^ are you still here ? 
J;,U I. U it^sa ma gds, he 
has not come yet. 
^KJi lisdn, sec jJi 

y»jLJ lustryno,' see jilo- 

dii-l lastik^ or dA:Jl?- gamalas- 
i j/f,* India-rubber ;dJliJ*..j?- 

gasma lastik, side-elastic 

boots ; dh J Ap-l_. massdha 
lastik, ink or pencil eraser. 

*->! (»-.!)) tosa' (jilsa'), to sting; 
*2lc 4*-! lasa'oh ^alqa, he 
gave him a thrashing; *,:* « J 
Jlj lasa" minnoh rijdl, he 
got a dollar out of him, he 
got a dollar from him on 
false pretences. ^ las\ act 
of stinging. 4*J lasa, a 
sting, pi. oU J las'dt. 

^Ji (j-ii) lassin, to hint, speak. 
jjjj talsyn, act of hinting, 
speaking. jUZisdn, tongue, 
language, pi. a.:J\ alsina, 
or ^\i\Jilisandt; i:J\ Ic aj-I\ ismoh 'ala alsinet en 
nds, he is talked about, i 
diiL.1 iimm lisdnak, hold 
your tongue! restrain your 
tongue! ijV J ^ 'on lisdn, 
from hearsay ; jy.U:-* o\— 5 
Zisdn ei IjabCir, edge of 
c-^J (p-j-Vi ) lasica\ to urge, 
hurry, strike (with a lash. 




etc.)- *.c-y^ laswa'a, act of 
urging, hurrying, striking. 
c.,-.lo jjj walad mulaswa\ 
a smart boy, a quick boy. 

^ ( vklj ) ladam ( juklum ), to 
thread a needle,etc. ; »\i) j.-^ 
ladam wayjdh, he entered 
into conversation with him. 
.Ji) ladm, act of threading 
a needle. 
Ja) .U-| (llL) iiZa«,to have the 
syphilis. lAi, mitlatt, or 
-UjkV. maltut^ syphilitic. ^^^ 
latta, syphilis. 

AJlk! latdfa, see ^.iU 
^(i^^. ) lata}} (j Utah), or 
lattal}, to soil, bespatter. 
^M i7to/a[i or iito«a6, to be 
soiled, bespattered, j^" 
taltyU, act of soiling,bespat- 
tering.A.i^ to(/?a, stain, pZ. 
'■^lutab. ^J:flj rcig'iZ Za(/j,a 
fool, an idiot, a stupid fellow. 

JLk] ( JlUi) tofas (jultus),io slap, 
strike; AiiUS ,_p*~'l es sams 
latasetohj he had a sun 
stroke; ^j5.klj \i^>.-i\en nibyt 

dajutlus, this wine gets up 
into the head, ^k) lattas, to 
slap or strike repeatedly ; 
(jJjJ\Jj.klj^»/iaica bylattas 
fll 'araby, he has a 
smattering of Arabic ; j\i 
d.'^-Wj J.kl) dar j ilattas fil 
sikak, he roamed in the 
streets. JLkli" I itlatas, to be 
slapped, struck, J:klr I itlat- 
tas, to be slapped or struck 
repeatedly, j-^^- rnaUM^ 
slapped, struck; j.y\A> c^>\ 
xLV'f- \c enta maltAs 'ala 
'aqlak, are you mad? JLk! 
to(s, or JLxklJ taltys, act of 
slapping, striking. jLk! 
kits, or! latsa, a 
slap, a blow, pi. ji^UlJ 
latsdt.JJA* maltas, waggon. 
buffer, pi. JL-k^iU maldtis. 
»y ((»kLj lata" {jilt a''), to cause 
to wait, paste, kiss. »kl;l 
itlata\ to be kept waiting, 
pasted, kissed. *klj'l itknt- 
ta\ to loiter, loaf, ^klj 
talty' , act of pasting, 




loitering, loafing. 
^kl(_ikl. ) lataf (juUuf), to 
have mercy, be kind to. ^k! 
lattaf, to alleviate,, mitigate. 
^LV Idtif, to treat with 
liindness. ^U-_-l istaltaf, to 
consider nice or pretty, liice. 
>_jL.Jal; taltyf, alleviation, 
mitigation. ._iJj lutf, or ajILI 
Za((i/'a, gentleness, kindness, 
graciousness, pleasantness ; 

he became insane. ^.L) to i//', 
nice, pretty, gentle, polite, 
gracious, witty, pi. ^Ik! 
k! ( kli ) latam ( jultum ), to 
strike the face with the 
hands ( in grief ). .k! latm, 
act of striking the face. 4*i»l 
latma, a blow, a slap, pi. 
vl^U") latmdt. \Am maltam, 
mortar-pit, pl}>%maidtim. 

^_ i},\ latijf, see »_iki 

ialili) la;;la^, or iilkl. mulazlaz^ 
fat, plump. AklkS Ux^laza, 
fatness, plumpness. 

^.! (._,.l ) Zj'jb( jitah ), to play. 
^ la'ab, to cause to play ; 
^,:>^jL,^^\el kalb byla^'ab 
d^loh, the dog wags his 
tail. v_>'^ Id'^ib, to play with 
another, amuse. ^ ^^6, 
play, game, pi. ._,U\ aZ'46. 
A.J liba, toy, plaything, pZ, 
^J it'ttft. ^^.marii6,trick, 
P^. w.ip!>^' rnalayb ; aJ J-^ 
v^^. 'amal fyh maV^db, 
he played him a trick. _piU 
muWib, deceitful. 4^^U 
muld^ba, fraudulence. 

Ja.1 (iyl".) la'atijitat), see J. 

^ ( J.L. ) hfan ( yiZ'an ),or J~ 
naal (jin'al), to curse, 
damn. ^.1:1 it la' an, to be 
cursed, damned. o^U mai- 
'tin, or Ot}"l to'j/^, cursed, 
damned, wicked, pZ. (jjfr% 
mala'^yn. j<i\ atan, more 
wicked, worse ; V,;. j»* ^» 
huioa al'an minha, he is 
worse than she. ,^1 la'n, 
act of cursing, damning, au) 
la'na, a curse, jo/. .iUl 









la^dq, miserable, wretch. 
lugd, gullet, flesh under the 

lagam* mine, blast, pi. *\J\ 
algdm. ^^^ lagamgy^ 
miner, blaster, pi. a.pc^J 

luga, language, pi. oUl 
lugdt. »yi lagiva, dialect, 
pi. ol>^ lagwdt. 
{^jay^il lagwai^, or i»^;l 
lagwat, or. Ja^\ lagmat, to 
besmear, soil, stain. *^yl 
lagwasa, or ^t^il lagwata^ 
or Ak.o.J lag mat a, act of 
besmearing, soiling, staining, 
i) laga(jilgy), to cancel, 
annul. j.l;l itlaga, to be 
cancelled, annulled. j^U 
malgy, cancelled, annulled. 
U\ ilga, or ^J Zag'w, act of 
cancelling, annulling, 
(^l )Za/r (yi/i/T), to go 
round, wrap up, roll up; j\:, 
j.\c ^_ddr jiliff '^alih, he 

went about looking for him. 
^_ili«! laflifj to wrap up. >_i»l 
lafftf, to cause to go round. 
cjilJl itlaff^ to be wrapped 
up, rolled up. wjili\j\ itlaflif, 
to wrap one's self up. ^yA* 
malfdf, wrapped up, rolled 
up. x^*^-J^*' laffdf sagdjir^ 
professional roller of ciga- 
rettes, pl.j'}-^ ajJU laffafyn 
sagdjir. ^ laff^ act of 
going round, wrapping up, 
rolling up. AiU laflifa, act 
of rolling one's self up ( in a 
shawl, etc. ). -u) laffa, a turn 
round, parcel, package, pi. 
^\ii laffdt .u^.» milaff, roll, 
turn, file of papers, dossier, 
pi. cX^' milaffdt .ijA^Ufdfa , 
wrapper, bandage. 
I (j:-iSj) lafat (jilfit), to turn 
or look round. ^k[;\ it la fat, 
or zJ^^iltaf a t,io look round, 
look to, be attentive ; ^i.'i\ 
j!_yU iltifit HI walad, look 
after the boy I take care of 
the boy I S^\:\ itlaffit^to look 




right and left.»:ui* multafit, 
turning round, looking to, 
attentive. *:iJ lafta, a look 
round, pi. obil laftdt. oWi 
iZ^iydfjact of looking round, 
attention ; a-^c ctl"iiJ\ [)i. 
ballay iltifdtak ^alih, 
look after himl take care 
of himl 

^ iJ/(, turnips, sg. «i! Ziyto, 
/)?. obi) liftdt, 
ii f^. ) ta/a/i (Jilfah), to blow, 
to lift up. i' loiffah, to cause 
to lift up; U-af^ rAsS* laffahoh 
kam ^a^dja, he struck him 
a few blows with a stick. 
«iL*\ itlafah, to be blown. 
7ciL"i itlaffah, to wrap one's 
self up. Iy> i^ lafhet hawa, 
gust of wind. 

iiil ( iiil) ) lafa;; ( julfu2 ), or 
Jii'II itlaffas, to utter, 
pronounce, speak. Jiil to/'^, 
or iiil. malfa's, pronun- 
ciation, words, speech, pi, 
liU alfd;s. 

ni («iSj) la fa" (jilfd ), to carry, 

lift up, »il*l itlafa\ to be 
carried,lifted up.^^ to/"'", act 
of carrying, lifting up. 

ji) ( jil) la faq{julfuq), to sew, 
put together. jjjJ laffaq, to 
put together, invent lies. jiU 
mulaffaq, put together, 
invented, fabricated. jjL* 
talfyqfict of sewing, putting 
together, humbug, fabrica- 
tion, falseliood. 

j] ( jl) togg {jultiqq ), to 
shake, jog. .jU) laqlaq, to 
shake or jog repeatedly, 
make a rattling noise, be 
tale-bearer, j! lO'qq, act of 
shaking, jogging. A2l^]laqla. 
qa, rattling noise, tale- 
bearing. 45J laqqa^ a shake, 
pi. wUl laqqdt. j%\ liqldq^ 
tale-bearer, scandaLmonger. 
^ laqab or to^'fe, or ^" naqb, 
surname, alias. 

4' (^iL) laqqah,io throw, hint; 
aJp j5' laqqah ^al6h, he 
hinted sometliing against 
him. ^Vil itlaqqah, to be 





thrown, throw one's self; 
^alJl itlaqqah^ go to the 
devil 1 «^sL* talqyh^ act of 
throwing, hinting. 

iaiS (liSij) Zaga^ (julqut), to pick 
up from the ground, kal 
ktqqatj to pick up one thing 
after another.JaSl.mutogga^, 
foundling ; LA. ^\j>- ^,\ ibn 
hardm mulaqqat^ a fine 
scoundrel, luslj talqyt, act 
of picking up. 4k2l luqta, 
occasion, a rare thing, 
second-hand, copuling- 
tongs, pi. lai Itiqat. islsi. 
milqdtj pincers, tongs, pi. 
JaJ^. malaqyt. 

*_is! ( i_i2li ) toga/' (julquf), to 
catch a thing falling from 
a height;Ouij(^Lp 'ayjdn bi- 
julquf,he is at death's door. 
,_islj| itlaqaf, to be caught. 
ltj* Jp '-•^. bijitlaqqaf 
^ahx qirs, he is very much 
in need of a piastre. k_Asli« 
maZga/', ventilator,air-shaft, 
wind-sail,joL yj&%malAqif. 

5^ liqldq, see jl 
jU! laqlaq, stork. 
a1 Ualj, ) laqam {julqum)^ to 
catch by the mouth. «1 tog- 
gam, to feed; »^^^ '^Uxqqam 
el qahwa, put a dose of 
ground coffee into the boiling 
water! j.J Ta/' ktqqamoh 
kam qirs, give him a few 
piastres 1 bribe him I ^l" 
talqym, act of feeding. ^^»'^ 
luqma, mouthful, morsel, 
screw- nut, axle-brass, pi. 
Jil luqam ; AvSISI Ji J^-ij 
M^fji gadd ei luqma, 
a tiny fellow. (S^UH l^\ 
luqmet el qdrJy, fritter. 
^^2l(^^tl) laqqa-ri, to dictate, 
suggest, iustruct. tjulj 
talqyn, dictation, sugges- 
j!(jli) laqa(jilqa), or j-Ji 
iltaqa, to find, meet with ; 

mito/i en na/idr da tiltiqyh 
bukra, as you brew so you 
must drink. jl--.l istalqa, to 

At So 



catch a thing falling from a 
height. ^L.1 istilaqqa, to 
catch a thing falling from a 
height^lie on one's hacyi.Jk^* 
mustalqy, lying on one's 
back. x.\^» mulaquja^ en- 
counter, meeting, interview. 
A^i; \iu y^min tilqa nafsoh, 
of his own accord, on his 
own initiative. a.J\ liqyja, 
treasure, windfall, pi Ual 
*cW lakd^a^ see S^ 
^Jl^ ( Jul- ) lukdf ( numdr ), 
see jf 
^ . ^\ ( fL»^ ) itlakkiz, to 

pretend, make a pretext. 
^.^\{^-J) itlakka\ to 
temporize, loiter ,delay. ac'W 
Uikd'a, or ^ talky\ 
loitering, delay. ."Cl liki\ 
slow, unenergetic. 
diSCi ( liil^J laklik^ to do a thing 
carelessly or badly, copu- 
late. j^^\ laklika, act of 
doing a thing carelessly or 
badly, copulation. 

p ipj ) lakam ( Julkum ), to 
give a blow with the fist ; 
i^ju. ]c zS^ ^Vl el akla 
lakamet 'aUx mi'dity, the 
meal rests heavily on my 
stomach. ^'1 itlakam, to 
be struck with the fist, hold 
one's tongue; yG\ itlikim, 
shut up! hold your tongue 1 
pi lakm, act of striking 
with the fist. iSi\ lakma, a 
blow,a box, pl.d^ lakmdt. 
i.S^ lukkamyja, fist, blow 
with the fist, box, pi. 
^CSJ lakakym, or olisJ 

^Idkin, but, however. 

^hxkka, stain,pi.wS^ lakkdt, 
|l ( ). ) lamm { jilimm ), or 11 
lam Urn, to gather, collect, 
pick up things from the 
ground; Si\.Ji 'i limm lisd- 
nak] restrain your tongue ! 
V lamm im,io cause to gather 
or collect. Iri itlamm , or ^\ 
iltamm, to be gathered, 
collected ; U* c-^M ^U\ en 




nds itlammet^aUh^ people 
crowded around him. pi. 
maZm zi m , gather ed , collected . 
i lamm, act of gathering, 
collecting, picking up things 
from the ground. aI lamma, 
crowd, assembly, subscrip- 
tion for a charitable 
purpose, pi. vl-U lammdt. 
4^\i limdma^ refuse, any- 
thing picked up from the 
ground ; <ull J>-lj rdgil 
limdma, a common fellow. 
0. lamma, when ; jcj^^\i 
lammajibqajigy, when he 

f^ldmmdm, pepper-mint. 
i(7^Jl.) lamah (Jilmah), to 
notice, glance at. i lammah, 
to hint, ogle, make love, ^.ir 
talmyh, hint, act of ogling, 
making love. *.^ lamha, 
glance, twinkling of an eye, 
pl.C>\^ lamhdt,f% mald- 
m jA,or ^"^ talamyh, points 
of resemblance. 

fj^{^/^.) lamas (jilmis), to 

touch. j_^ itlamas, to be 
touched. ^_^'l iltamas, to 
request, petition,pray. 4-..!^ 
muldmsa, or ^ Zams, 
touch. 4-.1 lamsa, a touch, 
pZ. wlJ. lamsdt. ^Ic'l 
iltimds , request, petition, 
application, />/. ^liL^i 
1 ( »A) Zama' (Jilma^ ), or JaJ 
to'a(, to shine, glitter, 
sparkle. *', tomnia', to cause 
to shine or glitter.. .VWmJ', 
shiniag, brilliant. *A lam'a, 
or -L.«\, lam^yja, or <^U. 
kima'dn, brightness. aU 
Agildlammy", or a^j oW 
S'iM &yiZma', patent leather. 
AL lamJam ,atriplex halimus. 

C)j^ lamdn, or cji^lymiin, lemon, 
sg. a".^ lamAna, pi. oli^l 
lamundt, aJpI'^1 lamundta, 

^J lang* shining ; ^ JuJ> 
gidyd lang, brand new. 

aJ linja* line. 

IjU lahhdi, see JaU 



^_^(v^fL) lahab (jilhib), to 
inflame, blaze, burn. _^'l 
itlahab,OT ^^Mltahab, to 
be inflamed^catch fire,burn. 
y^^> multihib, inflamed, 
burning. wVfi\ iltihdb, in- 
flammation. ^Alihyb^fiame. 

^ {^^}lahag(jilhig)^io press, 
urge, cheat, defraud; Uc ^ 
to/iag' 'aZ^/i, he defrauded 
him. Ajcito/i^'a, haste, hurry, 
artful dodge,swindle. (^^Ui 
lahgdwy, cheat, impotser, 
quack, pl.iii\^iloihgawyja. 

lsi,{ia^) lahat(jilhat)^ to 
eat greedily ; ^J■^i^ Jai 
to/ia( e/ fulO,s,he embezzled 
the money. ]ai laht, act of 
eating greedily. I,U lahhdt, 
greedy, s\vindler,"sponge", 
p/. (jjl'^i lahhatyn. 

^i( ^^\i ) to/ia/' ( jilhaf ), to 
snatch ; ^A-aP Aii lahafoh 
'a.sdya,he struck him a blow 
with the stick ; jr-»^»** •-*^ 
to/ia/" eZ fulCis^ he embez- 
zled the money, wii to/i/', 

act of snatching. 
wU (-J^f^i) lahlib, to burn, catch 
fire, be very hot, urge. Ui 
lahliba, act of burning, 
catching fire, urging. 4i.jU 

lahldba, flame, pZ. ^U 
lahalyb; a>^1 j!j walad 
lahldba, or ^lj.L Jj walad 
mulahlib, a smart boy, a 
quick boy. 
ry^ (r-^L)to/iu;/5',to press, urge. 
^ yf\;\ it lah wig, to be pressed, 
urged. ryfi'mulah wig, press. 
ed, urged, -i^-^ lahwiga, 
pressure, haste. 
J^. Jy^\{ jy^_)itlahwaq ,io flat, 
ter, be servile.AJ^i Za/iioaga, 
flattery, servility, jl^i lih- 
M:(lg,flatterer, servile, mean. 
J>[J^) laha {jHhy),\o occupy, 
cause to pass away the time; 
^;i!\ ^t JU lahdny 'an ei 

kigl, he made me forget 
work. J^\ itlaha, or ^^S\ 
iltaha,[o be occupied; ^^-J^j 
rCih. iltihy, go to the devil I 

Jl. ma//i(/, occupied, busy. 




^i lahu, occupation; ^i J»-lj 
rdgfii to/iu, or ^^U J»-lj 
Mg'ii malhy, a wretch, a 
poor devil; ^1 dl:»- gatak 
lahu, the devil take youl 
^ toio, if ; [a) l&ma , or Sj 
l&la, unless, had it not been; 
li» (2)^ ^ ^(^^ ^^^ hena, if 
he were here; J_>'^^i'^^''^ 
Zato ma /c(tns ^agiis, if he 
were not old ; )} walaw, 
although, even. 
\) liwa, brigade, brigadier 

1p\) lawdt, sodomy. J'} lAty, 
sodomite, pi. a.I) lutyja. 

k.ij Idbja, haricot beans. 

r) 1^9* 1 box in a theatre, lodge, 
pi. <iX.} logdt. 

^) I6h, plank, board of timber, 
pi. ^\ ^\ ahodh ; j\ji ^j lull 
gi^d^-,pane of glass;^^ J^-ij 
rdgil I6h, an unpolished 
man. ao-) Idha, door-plate, 
sign-board, pi. oU^ lohdt. 
j) Ids, almonds, sg. ,j) Idsa^ 
pi. Olj^ losdt ; oj_;i ;j) 

Idsetelwidn, tonsil; j^ ^ 
'aly Ids J sweets sold I by 
children in Mohamedan 
ijij) ^0^ too r(/,ultramarine colour. 

*ijj Idsa, 


A^^ Idsa, see ^y')i 
j,^\ Idty, see L\) 
Ac^\ Id'a, see ^V 
^ J luf, snake-root, arisctrum 

oulgare, sg. ^i) lufa, pl. 

cM.) lufdt. 
^) I6f, see oV 
•J.;.^ l6kanda'\\oie\,restaurant, 

pl.^\x.^^ lokanddt.^x^) 

Idkandagy, hotel keeper, 

restaurateur, pl. A-p-aziT^I 

^) lolab, screw, metal spring, 

pl. ^\) lawdlib. 
J^ Idly, pearls, sp'. aJ_^ Idlyja, 

pl. olJ^S lulyjdt. 
^)l6m, see (.V 
j2)1. J lumdn, hard labour, penal 

servitude, j^.} lumangy, 

convict,/)/. iu.<.\' }lumang yja. 
d') ( L)h ) ^uwin, to colour. 




paint, oj'^"' itlauwln, to be 
coloured^ painted. ^^> mu- 
lauwin, or ^^, mitlauwin, 
coloured, painted, cj) l^^, 
colour, paint, complexion, 
pi. o'^' alwdn. 

.jj^ lawanda ,0T tj^^ jlawanda * 
eau-de-cologne , perfumery. 

(S)((SAi) lawa (jilwy)^to bend, 
twist. tSp lauwa, to bend 
or twist in many places, 
bend or twist one thing after a2J 

the other, tijl'i itlawa, to be | J:' 
bent, twisted, out of temper, 
(i^lil itlauwa^ to be bent or 
twisted in many places. 
i^^. malwy, bent, twisted, uU 
out of temper. (i'^«m?ifaaMJ«/, 
bent or twisted in many ^^c* 
places. iS_} lawy, act of ^. 

bending or twisting, a,) a 

lawja, a bend, a twist, pi. i ^J 

ol.^ lawjdt- 

lj.,1 luwyza* lemon verblna, ' ^\^ 

i,i\.\ lijdqa, see jH 
I a-^( i^^.jlayjis, to block up, 

stop ( an opening ). ,jjjl 
itlayjis, to be blocked up, 
stopped; ^.kri itlayjis, shut 
up! hold your tongue! ^_^l• 
mulayjis,OT ^jAumitlayJis, 
blocked up, stopped. ,j-ub 
talyjys, act of blocking up, 

lyf, fibre of the date-palm 
tree, sg. *iJ lyfa, pl. »^W 

lyqa, see 4.3) j 

l^l, night time; ^.} lela, a 
night, pl. J,0 lajdly,or C*'^ 
leldt; JJ!l. 6tZ Z^/, at night. 
J^\J leldty, ewery night. 
lymdn,* port, harbour, /)/. 
wl.%! lymandt. 
lym^xn, see i^^ 
Zf/ra and layjin, see^"^ 
Z(/ya, fat of the tail of sheep. 
/^/i, why? JL>-ljU J /^/i ma 
M/is, why did he not go? 
lywdn, raised part of the 
iloor of a room. 


^* ma, not^that which ; j.:Li L 
ma suftis, I did not see; U 
U» ^iS' ma Mns hena, he 
was not here ; 4 U met Zo/i, 
what is the matter with him? 
what does he want ? J:^ U 
ma /^6% nothing is the mat- 
ter with him, he wants 
nothing; JU IM ana mdly, 
what have I to do with 
it? I do not carel ^^-?-l 
^'6' U ahsan ma kdn 

better than it was; A.:i. 


j6m ma suftoh, the day I 
saw him; Jo-ljVlU ma ilia 
rdgil, what a man! Uj lil! U 
A mdlak we mdloh, what 
have you got to do with 
him ? JL* mass, not ; JjW J:, 
mwss 'dwis, I do not want ; 
^b •* mas 6j7ci'j/, not mine. 
A» (w^c) wdi ( jumdt), to die; 

1<J vl.^ ^* hutoa Jumus 

fyha^ he dies for her, he i; 
passionately fond ol her 

w^. mail w it , to kill, 

murder; Cjji o* ti''^* 
mauwitny in qidirt^ hang 

me if you can 1 >i,)\i\ 
itmdwit, ovZj^\ istamwit, 
to feign to be dead. ^.. 

may jit, dead, pZ. j^uL* 
mayjityn; ^.> Cj^^j. barddn 
mayjit,heis perishing with 
cold;^.j> iJi qalbolimayjii, 
he is slow, he is unenergetic; 
^X\ bil mayjit, at the very 
least. Oy m6t, or olf 
mamdt, death; o^* ij, bard 
mdt, severe cold. aJj. mdta, 
a death, pi. ol'^* motdt. jL- 
majidn, weak, miserable, 

wretched. . x^ mitam^ 
funeral, mourning, p. <L. 




majdtim, vll^* ^jijl ard 
mawdt, iincultivable land. 
j^U mag{crj see _,^ 
^U mdhy, sec j^ 
i<i-U mdfiaz, see Ji-I 
*jjU mtidna, see Oi' 
•jU mddda^ pus, matter ; ,oU 
mddda, matter, article, 
paragraph, pi. jly mawdd, 
or ^\il,madddt.(Si\trndddy, 
iji^ mazAn, see j^jjl 
j^» m(tr, or (ijU mdry* Saint ; 
(_;«i;-j»- cijU mdry girgis, St. 
^j^* jmdrid, giant, pi. jjl^* 

cT^^* ( ^jU ) mdris, to practise, 
exercise, j^jltl itmdris, to 
practise, exercise, contend 
with, agree with. i^j\c 
pi. oUjW mumarsdt; «j 
4.-j\i.l 6^' 6£7 mamdrsa^ 
sale by private agreement. 

j_^jl« mdris* month of March. 

^j.j\a mdris* , sown field, crop. 

j,j\,jndrs' musical march. 
^j\<k mdrka ' mark, sign, pi. 
oiS^U markdt. 
iJij\»mar{iny, maronite,pi. 'jj\y> 

LfJ^ mdry^ see jU 
*'-i j^* maryna^ see o j^» 
2^-5^ (rJ^) rndzig^ to humour, 
entertain. r-jUl itmdsig, to 
be humoured, entertained. 
4<>-jlir mumdxga^ act of hu- 
mouring, entertainment, r- 1 j« 
temperament^ pi. 4o._j«l 
amziga; jCl« oo-l^* mazdgoh 
mu^akkar, he is indisposed, 
he is out of temper;^.!^.^?-^ 
sdhib mazdg, man of taste, 
one who is fond of his 
own comfort. ^lj« masdgy^ 
ladies' headkerchief. 
j^-l, masAr, see _^1 
»j^-\« masdra, pipe( water, etc. ), 
tube, pZ. j^-ly mOLwasyr. 
UU mdia.ordUU mci^ife', tongs, 
pZ. .^UU masdt, or viUI_^ 



4,kiU mdsta, see U.t.. 
-JpU masdla, pile-driver. 
^^* mdsf/, see .i* 
(>-^l» mddy, see ^^. 
JU. ( jUc) md(ii, to put off, give 
false promises. j^Xe mu- 
mdtla, delay, false promise. 
^y\>\c mumdtilj one who 
gives false promises, pi. 
(j^\c mumatlyn. 
A. ( .^ ) md" ( jimy" ), to be 
liquid. <i\» mdyr,liquid.t;;U-* 
maja^dn, liquidity. 
jpU md^iz, goats. »j»» mV^a, 
or »>c'an^a, she-goat, /)i. 
ju* mVys. jl« ma"dz , 
shepherd of goats, pi. »jU 

j^^U ma^dn, bowl, dish, recepta- 
cle, pZ. tjjC'ly mavoa''yn.iijC-\o 
ma^dna, barge, lighter, pi. 
kl^li^U ma'undt. 
^» mdkin, see ^ 
J/U makdl, see JS"! 
A^jTl. orA:-Cma/cJna*,machine,ins. 
trument,pZ. ^U-H.mafci/idi. 
JU ( J^) mdl ( jrimi/Z ), to lean. 

incline, consent • i J^ y* 
huwa jimyl luhum, he 
likes them, ^'y mauwil, 
to impose tax. J-. mayjil, 
to cause to lean,incline,bend, 
cause to consent ; ^i., \c UL. 
mayjilna "ala bithum, we 
called at their house (on our 
way). J)U1 itmdjil, to bend, 
totter.JiUmdjii,leaning, in- 
clined, oblique, bent ,consen- 
inclination,good disposition, 
liking, consent ; J.« mil, 
slope, pi. J^ mujul. JU 
mdl, property, fortune, 
wealth, pi. Jl^.l amwdl; JU 
jjij^yi nidZ el ard, land tax; 
JU \i da mdly, this is my 
property, this is my own. 
4J1U0V.3 dywdn el malyja, . 
Finance Ministry. ^^H 

J l« ma<ii,meaning, signification, 

^ mdlih, see > 
aUI. mdUa, Malta ; J oiW. J' <^J 
aDU ^^ay illy bij'iddan fy 




mdlta, like one who is 
speaking to the deaf. JalU 
mdlty^ Maltese, pi. *jlJl. 

*JU malyja, see JU 
jyl« mamdr^ see yl 
jo'l* mdni , see »i, 
^-i-.\« manyfesto* manifest. 

•U mdh* month ; j,lji» ,U ,^ /■«/ 
md/i fibrdjir, in the month 
of February. 
4j»U mahyja, pay, salary, pZ. 

•jjiU rnawarda, forepart of a 
tSji, ma&na, see ^'^» 
^jU mdwy, seeU« 
3j;.4U majistro* ledger, 
iL^ U m t<tysa , see j_^_ I 
JiU mdjil, see J\. 
AiU m^ya, gye bolts. 
yU mdjo* month of May. 
*i»-L. mubdhsa, see J:,<i 
•jiU mubddra^ see jJ>; 
^liL. mubddla, see Joi 
•^U mubd&ra, see yJL> 

*;!l« mubdlga, see il. 
,UL mubahd, see tt\; 
*«)L» mubdj'a^ see ^Ij 
I Jcu. mubtada, see Iju 
w^^ mubhat, see ^i;* 
•Jfr* mabbara, see ^ 
j-V mubaszir^ see jA» 
i J^• mabrad, see ij> 
« > mabzaqa, see jj. 
j.-:* mabsdrrij see ^-j 
j-V mubassir, see yL^_ 
■^• muballat, see Jaif 
At* mablag, see iL 
J^t* ma6M;ato,see Jl» 
(jfi^* mubayjad^ see ^ji^. 
•j»-^*miid6ra, see ji-l 
Ai^maid^a, solidity, firmness. 

tijj:* matyn, solid, firm. 
aj^I:. mutdwba, see >_-j\7 
4p j\:« mutawyja^ see (iy 
_yi* matgar, see ^^-Ir 
sl'muttahid, see jo-j 
^ji" muthassib, see *jj»- 
kjtfft* mathaf, see tJi^ 
^. m i^r, "metre, pi. j\i.iam fdr; 
.^ji^ j^. miir talifyf, 
standard rod. 





mitrds, trenches, rampart, 
redoubt, pi. ^ jl:« matarys. 
matraba, see >_.y 
mutargim, see >-j 
mutraffidj seOuLij 
mitsabbib, see ^^ 
mutasarrid, see :)^ 
muttauwa\ see «.U» 
i ( -:c)ma^ia',to cause to enjoy 
or profit by. *:£! itmatta\ 
to enjoy, profit by. .:c* mit- 
maito", one who is enjoying 
or profiting hy . »itamattu'' , 

^«:^ mufib, see ^J 

JL04 mit'abbidj see jlP' 

-y:. mutafarrig, see r-y 

vjlti. mitqdb, see ^« 
jclt. maiag-d'id, see a.5 

Jl«*»miig(iZ, see Jar 

jjC:^ m itkabbar^ see j\*J^ 

^l:« mutlif, see i_iU 
it. mutalUm, see It" 
^« muttaham, see ^ 
Ja-^:^ mitwassat, see Ja-j 

jfiMTnitwaffy, see Jj 

»^( .yx ) matwih^ to put off, 

give false promises, take no 
heed, feign not to see or hear. 

ijc.' matyn, see *;l:« 

4i\i. masdna, urinary bladder. 

Ji*(Jic) massil, to compare, 
liken. Ji:*l imiasaZ, to obey, 
comply with. Jicl itmassil, 
to imitate. J.^ tamsyl, assi- 
milation, analogy, imitation. 
JiumasaZ, example, proverb, 
/3L Jli.l amsdl_ %A masalan, 
for instance. Ja« masyl, 
equal, equivalent, similar. 
Jlic timsdl, statue, pi. J^^U 

vi^ii. musallas, seecAi 
4!:i\is: mugddla, see J ju> 
.ljl»emMg'a^'(t, and aj jU^ ma^'a- 

zyja, see tj j;^ 
4> jl*J mugdzfa^ see i_; j V 
»^l^ mugdsra, see ^->- 
Cli^mag'dnan, gratis. 
A_JU mugdnsa, see ^_^;>- 
A>i\^mugdwb(X, seewjU 
js\;£mugdwir, see jjW 
jvtf mugabbar, see jv». 
Ji^ mugtahid, see ^> 

-^*^(-^) mag g id, to glorify. 
X:*£ tamgyd, glorification. 
^ magd, glory. 
.jA*: m igaddara, boiled rice and 

^^ magda\ see ^^ej^ 
wjj^ magzCib, see ^Juv 

J** ma^ar, Hungarian gold coin 
( value 12 Francs ), pZ. Z>\j< 
magardt; ^\ elmagar, the 
Hungarians; j^\ ilil feiZdd eZ 
magar, Hungary, ^^yf 
magary^ Hungarian. 
<u_^ magrafa, see vJj»- 
-js: mug rim, see »js- 
jjjcmagr/ir, see_^ 
t5_,jf migra, see t5j>- 
e-^ ma^^a^'^a', coloured or orna. 

mented paper. 
^< m igass, see ,_^>- 
Jyts: mag^Cl, see J«^ 
Af mugallid, and JiJtU ma- 

galliddty, see oU 
,_,Jl*: mag lis, see ^_y.l». 
M^ magma', and t- f^^magm.A\ 

see «^ 
(^i^*: magndn, sec ^ 

j^ orjy^\* mag'^ r_,earthen ware 
basin, pZ. j*>-'y mawagyr. 
jyt.M migwiz, see J,i»- 
o'j»^^ mugohardt^ see y>y^ 
x^< migyba, see k_,W 
iSXJ-magydy or migydy'Tur- 
kish;ciJijs: i.^>~gini magydy, 
Turkish pound. 
,\,U^ma/i<xM, or a^'s: muhabyja, 

see ^^?- 
j\^mahdr, shell -fish, seo-shell. 
Aijl,; muhdrba, see >_jj»- 
A^\i: muhdsba^ see ^-^ 
...Irf mahdsin, see ^-.^ 
JiiUs muhdfls , see Jio- 
*M*: mMhdkma , see ^ 
Aillrf mahdlfa, see ^iU 
^U muhdmy, see ^^j^- 
.jjVs* muhdwra, see j^ 
aIj'ss maMtoto^sec JU 
4il< muhdjla, see JiU 
w^ muhibb, see ^_^ 
•^t* mahbara, see ,;\^ 
,_^»i inahba.^, and ^^*!J mahbAi, 

<ji malyxbba, and y^y<mahb{lh. 


see ^>- 

r^< muhtdg, see ^W 
»_^-.:ji muhtisih, see ,_.-^ 

|.>j? muhtaram, see ^ j»- 
J*.'-»i muhtamal^ see J«" 

jaiii mahgar , see _,i5- 
C>A?c* mahdat^ see CJi»- 
wJ.»i muhdis, seec^Jb- 
aIjs^ mahdala, roller^ /)Z. JjU 

^'j»^ mihrdt, see Oj" 

f j*^ muliarram, see ^ j». 
**j»^* mahrama, handkerchief, 

pZ. jijl*: mahdrim. 
K^iji- mahrusa^ see ^_;•J»• 

f j^ mahzam , see * j>- 

^s: muhsin, see ^^->- 

s«.^->»c» mahsAb, see ,_,_»- 

4.1i<: mahsasa, see ^j.?- 

l*i»s mahsam, testicle, pZ. ^dU 

JL# mahsy, see (_j-i=- 
J^-a»? mahsAl, see J-i»- 
jji.^ maM, pure, sheer; ^_^ v_<Jo 
kidb mahd, pure fabrication, 
_,ii5t» muhdir and mahdar^see j.-i> 
4..Ji5t* maMyj'a, see ^^i»- 

I 4k»e« mahatta, see 2a». 
j^kac* mahzdr, see jk»- 
A.]>jki! mahsuzyja^ see Ji?- 
4,iii>c* mah facia, see (ji.i>- 
Akiv mahfasa, see Ji.;?- 
Ji*? mahfal, see Ji»- 
disi . dl=tcl ( diotc^ ) itmahhak^ 
to endeavour to enter into 
conversation with one. dL>e.c 
tamhyk^act of endeavouring 
to enter into conversation 
with one. 
dU mahakk, see dU 
aS^ mahkama , see <^ 
J>' mahall, and j«? mahally^ 
see J<»- 
w^>^ m j/iZd&, see ,^U 
r-^l** mihldg, see ^ 
J^>-* mahldl, see Ja- 
4.-i5^ mahmasa, see ^ja*- 
J^ mahmal, see J^- 
^^ m ihma, see ^y- 
4J»^ . ^2,i*l (^^i-c'-S) imiahan (jim- 
tihin), to examine, test, 
jjli^l imtihdn, examination, 
trial, pi. ^l;l**l imtihandt. 
r.^:c mumtahin, examwer, 





pi. C:i<'J^ mumtahinyn. 
jj^ mihwar^ axis. 
iff}^^ mahutit, miserably small. 
J^{j-^.) "^«^ (Jimhy), to 
obliterate, blot out, erase. 
^^\inmaha, to be obliterated, 
blotted out_,erased.^mofm/i«/, 
obliterated, blotted out, 
erased. ^ Tnahy, act of 
obliterating, blotting out^ 
erasing.^!* mdhy, penniless. 
Ja^ muhyt, see isW 
•^ muhh, brain, marrow, pi. 
^\k..\ amljdh -/^ ^y>.\j rdgil 
ma66,dull or stupid fellow. 
, .\j: muhdbra^ see jo- 
i,U? muhAt, seeJai! 
, jtlii mufidtra, see ^ki- 
ii^Uii muhdka^ see ^l<i- 
Aill»; muljdlfa, sec ^li- 
,|jl*i muhO'Wd, sec tSjIi- 
^yjlii mubdjla, sec JJ- 
AAjimibbdJa, and *.;: mibba, 
jjjtf mufibir, seo jji- 
juC mahbax, soo j\i- 

f-Jji-muhtari^ see frji- 
j^-J^ mWi^tear, abridged, concise. 
J:sJ muhiall, see Ji- 
j_yA:i^ muhtalis, see ^_^lo- 
OljJis^ mubaddirdi, see jJi- 
*AiJ mufiaddim, and ^jJii ma^ 

d^m, see *Ji- 
»j^ maf}adda,see Ji- 
j\J^ miljrds, see J^ 
r-j*^ ma/jrag, see r-ji- 
A^jsi mafirata, see J»j^ 
o_^ mudarraf, see .J^^ 
il)^ malisan, see jj;- 
^-*5i muhslb, see w^-ai- 
t/'r^''^ maljsds, see ^j^i- 

■lis^ ( ia4 ) mai^? ( jumliut )^ to 
blow the nose. Jai: ma^^^ 
act of blowing the nose. i»li; 
mulidt, mucus of the nose. 
»J^i»*' mu/jtdf, sec wiki- 
ji^* .jki£l ( jkitct ) itmafitar, to 
balance the body in walking. 
,jLii mafitara, conceited 
jkic* m«/i^ f r, see jla»- 
jjaUm mulilis, see ^^aU 
JU.» miiliaUil, sec J* 




aM" mihlO', see Ji- 

A»jilit4 mafil&fa, see ^U- 

^*.«' ( t/**^ ) maljmarj, to rinse 
the mouth. A^^k! maljinada , 
act of rinsing. 

J^ic. (J^ ) mdhtoil, to astonish, 
perplex. J^i itmafiwil, to 
be astonished, perplexed. 
J^itc* mi^ma/ju;ii, astonish- 
ed, perplexed. 4y£ mahwila, 
astonishment, perplexity. 

JL-scx. muhayjis, see J;-;- 

J..( Jic ) madd {jimidd ), to 
stretch, prolong, extend, 
help, walk fast; l^-U .ji.l jl. ^* 
huwa madd yd oh ^aUha^ 
he laid his hand on her; x. ^» 
^_^,»- Jc ,j..l huwa madd 
ydah 'ala g^by, he put his 
hand in my pocket ; ju LLI 
jy\ ei mu^allim madd el 
walad, the teacher gave the 
boy a bastinado ; j^^i I. ma 
timiddis. do not walli fasti 
j:i>\ imtadd, to he prolonged, 
extended, jil itmadd, to be 
stretched, prolonged,exten- 

ded, helped. .sJil itmad- 
did, or t^Jtcl itmadda, to 
stretch one's self, lie full 
length ; J^-'i^i t^^clj tJJiwI 
^Ij itgadda wit madda 
wit ''assa wit massa, 
after dinner rest a while, 
after supper walk a mile! 
Sic mumtadd, prolonged, 
extended. ^jJj: mamdiid^ 
stretched, prolonged, ex- 
tended, lying full length. 
jAc* mtimaddid, extended, 
lying full length. ^Ijl:.! 
imtiddd, prolongation, ex- 
tension, s. madd, act of 
stretching, prolonging, 
walking fast, extension ; 
jj\.\)A\ el madd wil gazr, 
ebb and flow,tide.»Jumad(ia, 
duration, interval, tin:e, 
period, pi. jA. mudad; U ;x. 
b» ^^muddet ma kdn hena, 
while he was here; iJV:* J j. 
,x> baqa loh hendk mudda, 
he has been there long. 
iU.I imddd, or aj^U.! 


• 0% 


imdadyja, support, relief, 
supply, reinforcement; '^cj 
:,\S'\ tir'et imddd, feeder 
canal, ai j* ,s, mudda ma- 
dyda, long period of time. 
-IJu madddh^ see ^jl* 
4i.|ju mudddla, see Ji-j 
tjj\jAmudaryja, see (fj:, 

Iju madds, see ^^Ij 
j.\XAmudd'y, see^fi 
i^\j»mudAfa^see «ij 
f\jMmuddm, wine. 
A«la* maddma', wife, lady, pi. 

v:.<UlJu madamdt. 
^\jj, muddhin^sce ^^ 
.Ijix. mudawd, see <ij.i 

Cx}-y'Tnuddjin, see^l.^ 

^s.midabb, stupid, ignorant, 

^s,madbah, see^j 

J) a. mudabbir ^ see ^ji 

iiiJu madbaga, see iji 

^A* (t-j^c) madah ( Jimdah ) or 
maddah, to praise; Ci t-J^c^ 
huioa jimdah fykum, he 
speaks uell of you. pXil 

inmadah, or ^Jil itmadah^ 
to be praised. »-iJ<r mamddh, 
praised, ^ju madh, praise, 
eulogy. «;_'.. midyha, song 
of praise, pZ. ;<: |ju maddjih, 
^Jukinadddh, street beggar 
who sings the praises of 
God, /)Z. ci?-\j»maddahyn,. 
J<^A, madfjal^and J^Ju madfi&l, 

see Ji-i 
*:i-j.* madhana, see ^^i- j 
*-j ji. madrasa, see ^^j> 
icjj> mudarra'a^seet-ji 
•jJ- and c^jji. midra, see tjjj 
(/-*- mudda' y, see ^_^i 
^J^ madfa\ see vj 
jj»J- mad fan, see^>i 
J J- m idaqq, see J j 
ilj^mida/f/c, seeilj 
^^'■^ midmdk, see dAo 
jr*-^ midammis, or ,_^Ji«Jy 
/"iJi midammis, baked beans 
( generally eaten for break- 
fast by the natives), 
i^ju ( oJ^S ^ nO'ddin, to cause to 
be civilized, teach polite 
manners. ,:jjil it madding to 


t_^ JU 

become civilized, taught 
polite manners, o-^^ mit- 
maddin, civilized, polite, 
polished. Cj-^ tamaddun, 
civilization, polite manners, 
oj.. midyna, city, town, 
pi. OJ^ mudun.jJ^'Tnadany, 
civil (law). 
m idda, pus, matter. 
mudda^ see Jl. 
madwid, manger, pi. jjU* 

mudauwar^ seejlj 
midyha, see 9-Ji» 
mudyr ,an(}nijiJ^*mudyryJa^ 
see jlj 

m idyna, see o-*^ 
kara, see^i 
mizamma , see ^ j 
muxnib, see ^^'j 
(jc) mar r(Jumurr), to pass, 
go by, inspect. j_;. marrar, 
to cause to pass;jj«marrar, 
or _y. J* m a rm(Xr, to embitter, 
jjcl i^marrar, to be embit- 
tered. jT-l istamarr, to 

continue, j^^* murdr, act of 
passing, inspection ; o'y.i 
jjjkl dywdn el murAr^ 
office of railway traffic 
murr. bitter. 



myrrh; J.\ 4 iSj} warra loh 
el murr, or A:i-pJjj« 
marrar loh 'ystoh, he made 
his life a misery to him. ,j\j* 
mardra, bitterness, gall- 
bladder. oyj0 marmara, 
bitterness. ,j^=>'i j\_il el 
mdrr zikroh, the afore- 
said, j: mamarr, place of 
passage. jljC^l istimrdr, 
continuance.jC-'mi^siam. irr, 
t^\ymurdby,see \j 

A«>-\_,. murdg'a, see «-j 
i\j.murdd,see^\j j 

,j\j» mardra, see y j 

J.-l_,. murdsil, see J-j ' 

eWlj. m«ra'(l,and4.plj«niMra'yya, 
see J- J ^ 

4,ji_^ murdfa see jj 

4S»lj* murdfqa, see ^^j 

»^»lj« murdqib, see ^Ij 





i^y mardkby, sec ^j 

c'j* mardm^ see Jj 
*^'y murdhna, sec ^;,»j 
*i'j'mir(i/a, looking-glass, pZ. 
vi^Uj- mirajdt ; <$^U\ iily 
mirdjet el fuldka, back- 
board of a canoe. 
^!j* marbat, see Jaij 
^y murabba', see «ij 
J.y mirabba, see^Jj 
«T-'j* murattah,Q-nAi^ j^martaba^ 

sec ^^ij 
c^j'murtafaq, ot ^J>\o■y mir- 
kdd, latrine, water-closet, 
pi. v:»lai*_,» murtafaqdt , or 
jja.».|_^ marahyd. 
r'y ^r'Ji) ruavTag^ to commit 
self-pollution, ^^c tamryg^ 
^l>_,« murgdn, coral ; oVj* '^'■"' 
samak murgdn, rouget(fish). 
f' f ( ^jS ) ^nargah, to swing, 
give false promises. ^J.\ 
itmargah, to swing one's 
self,be swung.4^j»margaha, 
act of swinging. a^j» 
murg^ha, swing, see-saw. 

pi. ^1^ maragyh. 
«»-y marga\ see «- j 
A.;U-j* margalyja, see J*j 
^<^j« margu, see ^^j 
^^y margdna, casket made of 
date-palm leaves, pZ.ol'j>-j« 

4^y murgSha, see <2-j« 
Up-j- marhaba, see ^^j 
.y.-y marhdm, see »-j 
i-_y. murahbam, see i-j 
.5 J*, ij. I am rad,beardless youth, 

pZ. iy murd. 
i.ijj»marzabba, iron trestle, 
pounder, sledge-hammer, 
flogging-hammer, pi, wC jj* 
i}\^j»mirsdl, and J-j. mursal, 

see J-j 
oli-j* murustdn* madhouse, 
lunatic asylum, pi. ol'b-j* 
murustandt. jV-.-y murus- 
idny, keeper of a mad- 
fy marsah^ theatre, pi. ^\y 

^^ymirscL, see ^j 





tj<-j* marsyn, myrtle. 
Jjij> mursid, see xiij 
iJ-ymirassa, see j^j 

Jff {joj. ) marad ( jimrad), to 
be \\\,s\cVi..^y>Jr\istamrad, 
to feign to be i\\.^j»marad^ 
illness, sickness, pL ^jilj*! 
amrdd. ^Ji^i_y mar yd, ill, 
sick, pi. Uj* murada. o^-^j* 
marddn, or j_,i3/ mamrAd, 
ill, sick, poorly, miserable. 

4,j,j, murda^a, see »J>j 

glass or earthenware jar or 
ewer, pZ.wl'l-Lj. martabandt. 

f-y {lJi)^(^^(^' (jimra'),io tear, 
^■jcl inmara", or p-jcl itma- 
ra\ to be torn, impose upon 
the kindness of another, be 
discontented. f-jjC mamr{i\ 
torn, discontented. f-j> mar\ 
act of tearing, acy mar^a, 
imposition, discontentment. 
^jtmurHb^ see ^^j 

cy mar^a, see ^j 

t/ (M ^ ^(^^^9 (jumrug ), to 
put off, delay, give false 

promises. '9-j^\ inmarag ,ov 
'f-j.\ itmarag, to be put off, 
delayed, given false promises. 
(■'J.\ itmarrag, to roll on 
the ground, i-y marg, act 
of putting off, delaying, 
giving false promises. Ai.jC 
tamryg ^act of rolling on the 
ground. *c.^» marga, delay, 
false promise, pi, >Zj^y 
^^y margAb, see^j ^M 

Jj'iJ/.) maraq (jumruq), toH 
pass, dart. jjU mdriq, 
passing, darting. 

j^ maraq, or ii'y maraqa, 
broth, sauce, gravy, jj.^ 
miriq, soft, liquid ; iiy .y 
mara mirqa, effeminate 
woman, fast woman. 

jijM marqad, see Jij 

C'j' -f!-^' ^^'j'-) i^n^otrga', to be 
effeminate, adopt woman's 
manners. *oy marqa'a, 
feminahty, unmanliness. 

^1^ markib, and ^^ mark&b, 
see ,..5j 



■fy markas, see ^ 
^^<^ markuwys * mSiTquee tent, 
•j. mirjmm, filthy, dirty,miser, 
A»j,mirmdh,see ^j 
yy marmar, aiabaster. 
ixA y ( L.J. ) marmat^ to soil, 
spoil, use badly(book, dress, 
etc.). *L»y marmatOL, act of 
soiling,spoiling, using badly, 
^^k.j* marmutdn* scullion, pi. 
jjli^la-'j* marmatondt. 
^y marmala, sec J»j 
<iS* (o'jS) rnarran, to exercise, 
practise, (^j^l itmarran, to 
be exercised. oijC tamryn, 
exercise, practice, joZ.s.:^l:»_,c 
ty mara, woman, pi. cj^yJi 
niswdn ; Cj^yJi f-V:. hitd'' 
niswdn, woman-hunter, 
t'y marra, once, a time, pi. 
Cj\*y marrdt ; ,y 'C ham 
marra^ how often '^ .^U bil 
marra^ altogetlier,cntirely. 
\j\y m ird ran, of iea. 

ungent, pi. ^\ja mardhim. 
^\jymirwdh, see p-lj 
r*y {riJ-)^o,^^o.fy, to fan. i»-iy 
marwaha, fan, pi. r\iy 
ijy mar 10 id, pencil for applying 
collyrium or kohl to the eye, 
pi. jjlj. mardwid. 
jsy murtr , see y 
»^}y marda, humanity, virility ; 
o^iy .-r^^sdhib marCia^ or 
Jjjj. maruatly, humane, 
kind, obliging. 
iSiytnirwa^ see iSsj 
jy>\j» mirjahdr' see _,«! 
^j« mirysy, south wind. 
^) _,. mar yd, see ^j. 
A^jy marjala, see J) j 
jTj* marjam, Mary. 
*j^y marjamyja, kind of sage, 
trrlj* marynd*,* merino. 
rjiy marjAh, see »-lj 
J>)y marjM, see Ji j 

j« ( jc ) maj'j' (jimisx), to eat 
relish ( when drinking 
liquors).. j«//WJjj'ajappetizer, 



• ijL>.« 


relish^ pi. clj* mazzdt, jj. 
m i^' js', acid taste ( of fruit ). 
mass, or ^y mcLsd," inner 
shoes made of felt or leather. 
masdg, see r-jU 
musAhma, see >-J 
musAri", see p- jj 
muzdwir, seojjj 
mazbala^ see J; j 
masd, see j* 
mi^rdbjSee v^jj 
misrdt, see i^jj 
mizrdq,seo jjj 
( c. j£ ) ma-3-a' ( jimza" ),io 
tear, i^^* massa' , or jj* 
mazsaq, to tear to pieces. 
«>3cl inmasa\ or f-jcl 
itmasa\ to be torn, p-'jcl 
i^ma^^a'^or J jcl itmazzaq, 
to be torn to pieces, p^iji: 
mamzA", torn, p'^ mumaz. 
za\ or jjiT mumazzaq, 
torn to pieces. «• > ma^'', or 
V3Ji;a/n^f/',or jjjc tamzyq, 
act of tearing. 
mazhxqdn, see jlj 
muzmdr,see j.J 

^^•j* muzmin, see ^^»J | 

_)y»j*mazm{ir, psalm, pi. 4t»tj« 

mazamyr. f 

4.ftij« maznaqa, see jlj ,; 

-Jjj. mazwala, sun-dial, pZ. Jjlj* 

AXiytnazjaia^ see j,>J 

, J, J. mazjara, see j< j 

j:> m izayjin, see ^^t:J 

4JJ. mazyja, advantage, privi- 
lege, pZ. lilj. masdja. 
^A (^^^)mass(Jimiss), to touch. 
i_pcl itmass, to be touched. 
^^. mass, touch.*.-.-, massa, 
a touchy pZ, o^— • massdt. 
\^»misa, see ^^>-.'» 
aSiLw. musdbqa^ see j-- 

r-l-.* massdh, see *^' 

j£.L.» musdHd^ see j.«- 

j»L.* musdfir, see _,i- 

AsL.* masdfa, distance, interval, 
pi. c-UL.* masafdt ; U «L.. 
^:5C^ masdfet ma jiktib, 
while he writes. 

aJ ^-.« m.asala, see J U 

AJtL.. musdmha, sec ?*»- 
,l_}U..masatti(t, and *ijl-.» mwsfl- 



wyja, see ^^^ 

j»U* musdjir, see ^.^L 

ajt^* masbaha, see «^ 

Jj-— • masbak, see dl^ 

A^* misabba, see .„^ 

^-.. masby, see |^ 
j»-l:-.. mfis^df/fr, see j>.| 

j^-^ mustagaddj see Aj- 
^_j^^'« mustahlib, see ^o- 

i^* mustahyl, see JU 
4.^* mistihyja, see ,-j>- 
.ji>-* mustahdim , see -oi- 
/;Ji:-^ mustadym, see J^ 
;^l>-.» mustardh, see ^1^ 
jLiI^« mustasdr, seejLi 
jiu^. mustasfa, sec jJ; 
jliu:_. musta'add , see jc 
Jv*:-* musta'mil^ see J>^ 
Jji:^;, musiaqbil, see Jj 
*_. JJt.^ mustaqrab, see v_.y 
Js:-.. mustaqill, see ji 

>j:-« mustaqym^ see .i; 

CL.* miatika, see j5-i*-^» 

J^M maslilla' , tub, joi. o^^: 

Ji:!-.* musianad, see Jii-. 
mSS^^mustanqa\ sec »uii 


mu8tawda\ see poj 
mustawqad, see Jij 

' masgid, see -if 

I masg{in, see j\<^ 

. ( j^-c ) masah ( Jimsah ), to 
wipe; jjijVl ^* masah el 
ard, he measured the land; 
,_^l «^^ masahelbasab,he 
smoothed timber with a 
plane. »=.-.. massah, to cause 
to wipe, wipe repeatedly. 
4^^\ inmasah,ov ^\ itma- 
sah, to be wiped. r->-^ 
mamsdh, wiped. ^' mas/i, 
act of wiping. ao-V—* misdha^ 
land measurement^ surface, 
area, survey, wood shavings. 
4ivL« ma«ad/ia, pencil or ink 
eraser,pZ. oUL.. massaM^ 
^t^massdh, land surveyor. 
*«:'U ^ 'um.Za mdsha, 
effaced coin. Atr'mamsahaj 
rag for washing the floor, 
door-mat, pi ^\j: mamdsih. 

' musahhar, see jer 

' mashCiq, see j< 

masyhy, Christian, /3i, uh^^ 



masyhyjyn, or aJ^' ma- 
'f^i'fi) masab {jimsab. ), to 
disfigure, transform into a 
vile shape. ■^-* mash, disfi- 
gurement. *s«-*mws6a, witty, 
amusing, huffoon.'^\»mdsiIi, 
ir* ._^l ( ji=-^. ) itmasbar, to 
mock, ridicule, mimic, make 
fun of; *.!* \ijir^\itmasharu 
^aUh, they made fun of him. 
ijS^* masliara, mockery 
ridicule, carnaval, fun, pi. 
j9-\,-. masdhir ; ,jr' ,^ 
libs masbara^ fancy dress ; 
»j*^* ^^l ballo mashara, bal 
masque ; ,j:r* j.,j b^t mas- 
bara, a worthless house. 

ie^f^ masraga, see r-l^ 

jif^ masrdr, see ^ 

iSj^Tuisra^ 12th month of the 
Coptic calendar. 

T-Ui-i-i mistdh, see ^•' 
iy.j\\iM.» mastarin, see ^k- 

^^Lm^ ( jk-c ) mastar, and .^k... 
mascara, see jL- 


.« mustarda* mustard. 

.» mus^ad, see a«- 

.^ mas^a, see ji- 

-, masqat, see iaL« 

~. misqa, see ju 

»» ( ^_c ) misik { jimsik ;, to 
hold, catch; ^\ j ^Cl. j\i\ 
en ndr misket fll bit, the 
house took fire; -xi-l Jc di-^l 
imsik 'alal gadd, beliave 
like a man! i!jbldi-».l imsik 
ydak, do not be lavish ! ctJL- . 
massik, to cause to hold. 
di-il inmasak, or di-cl 
itmasak, to be held,caught. 
di-il itmassik, to cUng to, 
rely upon. dl-l. mdsik, 
holding, catching; ^^U 4ik 
batnoh mdska, he is consti. 
pated. iJ^-jT mamsuk^ held, 
caught, kii-. mask, act of 
holding, catching, di-f 
mumsik, miser,economical. 
ill-..! imsdk, constipation. 
jjj '^\^ massdket waraq, 
paper-clip. iS\~>\imsakyja, 
calendar of the month of 





S.-^misk, musk. ^^^^ miska, 
cattle dung.iiLj:muma8sik , 
perfumed, scented;d)L-jr oy.l^ 
sab&n mumdssik, scented 

^d* . jCcI (jCci) itmaskin, to 
humble one's self,feign to be 
poor or miserable. aiSCI. 
maskina, act of humbling 
one's self, poverty, misery. 
t^gC^. maskyn, poor, mise. 
rable, wretched, pZ. ^j^^^. 
mafitakyti; <^.C-4 1 ya mas- 
kyn, poor fellow! 

jCl* maskan, see jC. 
y^f^^moskdh, Russians. iJ.f-^» 
moskdby, Russian. i!i^; 
.-.jdil bildd el moskdb, 

t^(jC* maskyn, see ^C-.* 

dill.-., maslak, and i^'^-* masai- 
likdty, see dli.- 
[^,mmlim, see 1- 
^i-., misalla, packing-needle, 
obelisk, /3^. 0!A-» misalldt. 

^JL« masl&qa^ sec jU 

J-., masly, see L. 
j|^4 musmdr, see ^e" 
Jac*-* masmat, see Jae* 
^;,-« m isann,see ^- 
a:-..* masnad, see Jii- 
Jt-.* mushil, see J^ 
iJl^-.^ miewdk, tooth_pick. joZ. 

iil..jl-^ masawyk. 
n^» miswadda, see ^^ 
J^-"* ( J^) maswaq, see jL ' 
aJ^-.. maedlyja, see J U 
(^--•(^jjix ) massa {jimassy ), to 
wish one good evening ; ^ 
ii^il JpJ massy ly'ala abAk, 
wish your father good 
evening from my parti dl^ 
^i^li massyk bil Mr, good 
evening to you! l— mi«a, 
evening ; ^1 \^misal Mr, 
or salMr^ good evening 1 
•»V-.. 4»;jl 4*\J\ es sd'a arba^a 
mJsdan, 4 o'clock p.m. 
jj^ mas jar ^ see j\-. 
J..^ m iss, cheese whey, curd 
JL. mas, SCO \. 
*4)Vi. mukdbha, see *-- 
•j>.H. musdgra, see j»s^ 



Aij-li, musdhna, see ^j^ 
6^j\LMTnnsArta, seeJa^i 
^j\L» musdrka, see i5ji 
c.[l, musA", see 5-U 
WLi» masd'ly, see J^i 
jli^ misdq, tow^ refuse of hemp 
^Cli. muidkla, see JsCi 
JLi*nictsciZ,see JLi 
«Ji»LL. musdhda, see j^ 
»jjli» musdwra^ see jU 
Ajll, massdja, see >!» 
dLi. masbak, see dLi 
l>i»mastora, and <^>t* mas- 
tort/, see c5y>i 
^JiL»musiarik, see iJ^ 
jJL. masta, see j-i 
Air* m isajiba, see p 
4_.;^t* masrabyja, Egyptian pro- 
jecting window, arabesque 
woodwork, pi. oU> ^.t* 
iJ *, musrik, see ilj-i 
._.3 J.1L. masrtih, see ^^i 
e.^jJL. masrtX', see ^p 
JJL. ( J:ic ) mass is, to be rotten 
( eggs). JLif mamas^js, 

ia.i>* (-la-ic ) massat , to comb. 
Jaicl itmassat, to be combed. 
Li^mumassa(, combed. Jx.ii 
tamsyt, act of combing. Jai« 
mis^, comb, pi. iAzj>\ amsdt] 
dlcJai. misi samak, few 
fishes attached by the tail 
( fan like ); ^i>i\ ia.L» mist el 
yd, palm of the hand. 
A.\ai* m ista, carding board for 

Jlj«i* mus'ardny, see j»i. 
J«i« mas^al, see J*i 

iJ^ki. masgulyja, see Jii 
(>~' ( J~S ) i^cLsaq (jimsaq or 
jumsuq), to cause to work 
hard, exhaust, cause trouble 
to another, reprimand, jici 
inmasaq, or jiil itmakaq, 
to work hard, be exhausted, 
be troubled,be reprimanded. 
J)~: mamsAq, one who is 
working hard, exhausted, 
troubled, reprimanded. ASi* 
masqa, hard work, exhaus- 
tion, trouble, reprimand. 
ji« masq, model for writing. 



*lL, masiqqa, see ji 
il'^i. mii'/cd/Cj sec tiii 
f~' .7^i2il (tXIc*.) itmaskah, to 
loiter about^ walk in a slo- 
venly md^nnev. iS~'maskaha, 
act of loitering, walking 
in a slovenly manner. 
J^Ti. muskil, see J^i 
^ii maska, awl, pi. oSTjL-. 

JLir^ ( JLtf^f )masmis, to pound, 
mash, ^i^r-'misin Js,apricots, 
apricot-trees^ sg. ^«^* 
mtsm Jsa^pZ.wLi'J-'mzsmjsaf ; 
^■-■'■1 J fil mism is, or J »jC 
^ji.irM ftu/cra filmismis, or^M -Uai IL lamma jitla'' el 
mism is, when you become 
young again 1 sine die, 
»c-* musamma\ see •c^ 
4fr* musmula, medlar tree. 
*Sitj> masnaqa, see j:i 
<iL,misanna, native basket 
made of rushes, pi. oUi« 
m Jsann(J<- 
Jiji.. mahhad, see J-^i 
j^i.« mahMir, sec ^^i 

j_^l.(jji.;) mastoar, to cause to 
stroll, cause to walk up and 
down. jyZX\ itmakcar, to 
stroll, walk up and down, 
promenade. ,j^L^maswara^ 
a stroll, a walk up and 
down, a promenade, jl^l. 
m iswdr, long walk, ramble, 
errand, pi. y^jM, masawyr-^ 
j\jl.,jK.isayja^ny misiodr, 
he sent me on an errand. 
,j^i., masioara, see jU 

. .i, mai^m, see *p 
JL» (<^-ic ) misf/ ryrm^-y ;,to go, 
walk, march ; U* ^ JL«I 
rmsf/ min hena, begone! 
be off! j.,1^. A.:L batnoh 
misjet, his bowels moved ; 
j^ic A»>'a kaldmoh jimsy, 
his order will be carried out, 
his wishes will be respected; 
^Ic jy\j\ el wahdr jimsy, 
the train starts ; ^ a:5u.I 
eZ makyna timsy, the 
machine works, ^^ji. massa 
to cause to go, walk or 
march ; -i.^^T ^i, masia 





kajdmoh, he enforced his 
orders; dijlc *•»% J^t ^t>huwa 
jimassy kaldmoh ^aUk, he 
will make you obey him, he 
will make you carry out his 
order. jLi\ iimassa, to take 
a walk, stroll. J^[. mdsy, 
going, walking, marching; 
ijVt- ^^ j k._z\t i,".^\, tndhytoh 
mdsja we huwa "ayjdn, he 
gets his pay while he is sick; 
4-iU 4.'.ki batnoh mdsja, his 
bowels are loose, he has the 
diarrhoea. JL> masy, act of 
going, walking, marching. 
A.±. masja, gait. ajCi. mas- 
sdja, wheel-crutches, pas- 
sage, gangway, pi. ^l,U. 
massajdt. ^^imamsa, alley, 
road- way, passage, pi. ^^\: 

Ast-*« masjaija, see ^U 

jji>« musyr, see jLi 

c)*-*(u^) m ass fj'wmuss^ to suck. 

jjat.^* masmas, to suck 

repeatedly, rinse.^cU'^mt/ss, 

to be sucked;^; I Ij ^}>^\J\er 

rdgil da itma^.% this man 
has become very thin.^^-^l 
itmasmai>, to be sucked 
repeatedly, rinsed, ^y^^: 
mamsAsj sucked ; ^yy^^^]<>■^J 
rdgil mamsds, a lean man 
a bag of bones. ^. mass, act 
of sucking. 4-aC^' masmasa, 
act of sucking repeatedly, 
rinsing, a^o., massa, a suck, 
pl,^\^^massdt ,^ja.c mamass, 
syphon,/)?. c-U-«'<. 
A-sU. mmdsa, sugar-cane 
trash. 4.^1^. mas,?dsa, owl, 
pi. zX^\^t massasdt. 

«jU* musddfa^ see ^J^ 

A.j^-A* fnti!^<^dma, see*s^ 

i3j\^> musdrfa^ see o^^o 

A-sLi* ma.sdsa, and masstJsa ,sec5_^« 
^y^» masdy^ see iU 

aJ.U. musdlha, see ^-^ 
^_^^. m isahh, see ^.^ 
<Uj^4 mashagd, see «.-» 
-S"^* musahhah, see ^s* 

tji**' mushaf, book, copy of the 
Koran, pZ. t-i>'l-a* masdhif. 
A.3i»' mashana, see j*:? 




jJLa* masdar, see jS^ 
j^» masr , Cairo, Egypt, t^j-** 
masry, native of Cairo, Egyp- 
tian, pi. tij\A» masArwa^ or 
Ctlj-^' masryjyn. 

jl -A4 musrdn, bowels, intestines, 
pi. Cx.j^-^ masaryn. 

^^, masraf^ and ^jj^^ masrdf, 
see oj^ 

<ija^« ma.^taba^ or ^Ja.*;. mastaba, 
stone or mud bench, pi. 
^^i>Li* masdtlb. 

<k^. mistika, or J^-. mistika, 


musgar, sec ^-lu* 

;.A, mas fa, see j^ 

4S.A* masqalaj see J«^ 

J^, ma.?Z, wliey. 

4^ maslaha, see -^ 

ajc^. masna'^yja, scg ^ 

^\jyA> mtisauwardty^ see jj-» 

Aa^* masyba, see «_^^-» 

(JU.AJ ma.y'ada^ see i\^ 

ji^* masyr, see j\-» 

,jl-ij miidddda^ aud *iil^. mtida- 

dyja, see iiU 
Ajjli* muddrba, acc^.j^.J' 

A.»\.i. mudahyja, see (^lj» 
*;iLiu muddjqa, see jlj. 
*jl.i. muddjna, see (jtLi 
^iiii!" mudhik ^and J'^g^ mudah- 

hakdty, see ^ij:^ 
j-a* mudirr, see ^-^ 
Vj-^* madrab, and *:'.^i^ midar- 
rabyja, see ^_i^-^ 
^•( i-ic ) madag (Jitmdiig), 
often pronounced '■^.madag, 
or i-JJ nadag, to masticate, 
ctiew. i-itl itmadag, to be 
masticated, chewed. p^<r 
mamdiig, masticated, chew- 
ed, i-i. ma<lg, mastication, 
chewing. 4juA. jjU-j dubbdn 
madga,lohacco for chewing. 
^j,^* (^^^ic) ma^/a (jimdy), to go, 
depart, sign a document. 
^Jl. madda, to cause to 
sign, spend or kill ( time) ; 
*i~jii\ Jc ^j,^. madjja 'alal 
farha, he killed the hen. 
vie I iimada, to be signed. 
^_yiitl itmaihia to be spent, 
killed. ^i-^U m(i'/</, passing, 
past; ^yilLI j^iW fi5 sahr el 



mddy, last month, ^^c 
mamrfj/, signed, l-i.l imrJa, 
signature_,pLclU«l imdadt, 
or vl.ljU.1 imrjawdt. 
Ai.^4 macljafa^ see ^\^ 

«-,j-2» madj{i\ see «.\i> 

ii4 ( Jac ) ma(i ( jumutt ), to 
stretch (a thing).Jacl iimatt ^ 
to be stretched. Lki I JCma^^a?, 
to lie down. ^ ^\a./' mamtut, 
stretched, iak*' mumattat^ 
or Jakt* mitmattat, lying 
do\vn.i!«ma^t,act of stretch- 
ing.L.U ia7nYf/(,act of lying 
full length, stretching one's 
self down.« mtitasyja, see ^^^\l 

i-Uk. fnufatyja^ see Ikll. 

.^;lk* mutdVa, see «ll> 

*.Kk. matdnwafiv *Jlk. matdnja^ 
courtesy, bow, /)Z. wl_j;lk. 

jik\L»mitdhir^ see ^^k 
4cjlk. mutdw''a, see f-lk 
-Jjlk* mtitd to la, see J Ik 

^*k. mathaJ}, sec ^^.k 

A«.k* matba^a, see «.k 

iLs^* mathana, see ^^ 
jU* {Jas.) matar ( jum{ur ) or 
maf(c<r,^often pronouncedjJ»i 
nattar), to rain; jUc*. UjSI 
eddinja bitumfur,\t rains, 
jk. matar, or jki natar, 
rain. ,jk. matara, a rain, a 
shower, pL ^l^l^k. matardt. 
ijj\A\el mafa ri/ya,Heliopolis. 
(^jlja. matardwy, apper- 
taining to Heliopolis. 
^;,ljk. mutrdn, bishop, pi. ^.tjlk. 

^jk. matrah, see ^^k 

^jk« mutarras, see j_p,_.k 

4.5 jk« mairaqa, see j^L 
«k. ( «Lc) mato' {jimta''), to 
escape, disappear; »k. ^_,Uvll 
elkitdbmata\ihe book has 
gone! you will never see the 
book again! ».k.y»huwa ma. 
ta\ he took to his heels. Jail 
it}nafta\ to stretch one's 
self, pull one's self up ; 
i-lj-^i *l=cl itmatta' we 
daraboh ,he struck him with 
all his might. «-kc tamty\ 







act of stretching one's self^ 
pulling one's self up. 
mitld\ see .Ik 
mitalla, see Jk 
7na(i(56, secw^k 
malmdra^ see y^ 
mathar ,see ^jk 
or tS^k. matica, pen_knife^ 
pocket-knife^ pi. <^j\k.. 

mutayjib, see w\k 
matjCr, sec jlk 
matj{is, see j.U» 
ma ^ bat a, see ia^k 
ma^riif, see Ojk 
ma.zl{im, sec lli 
ma', with; j« ma'?/, or (il«« 
ma'dja, with me ; ^_^. 
ma'aks, have you not ? »« 
Ij.'T'ma' /fCfZa.or'dUj ». ma' 
however; j\^ « JJ Z(^i ma 
nahdr, night and day. 
q\ ». ma'" inn, or Cjf'/^ 
ma'' /cdn, although, wliereas.'t/ya, suite(of a prince, 
etc.), pi. kl.L»« ma'yjdt ; jiU 

_.kU\ *..* j sdfir fy ma'' y jet 
en ndzir, he travelled on 
the suite of Ihe minister ; 
4J.J\ 4. »U el ma'yja es 
sanyja, court of H. H. the 
A. j\j,» ma dtba, see ^:e. 
^.:^U. ma'agyny, sec ^^ 
A^jlru mu'drda, see ^_^_,e 
A^^«. mu'drka, see il^U 
j\'«. ma"dz, see jeU 
j^Im ma'ds, see ^\c 
,j^\m»mu'dira^ see j-Lfr 
.jIa. mu^dfra^ see _/& 
4.-$l.* mti'dksa, see j^Ce 
*i-U» mu^dlga, see *-U 
4«l«* mu'dmkt, see J/ 
ail<u mu'dnid, see jnc 
4.a;lw mu'dnqa, see j;W 
.ji»U mu'dhda, see Jl^c 
Oj\»* mu'dwin, see ^U 
,jj\». mu'djda, see Xp 
»j;^» mu'djra^ see ^ 
^'■'S'mu'djna^ see ctffr 
■*■:*• ma%ad, and i^«. ma'bdd, 

see jlp 
jc«. mu'tabar, see jjp 




yjkt mu^attar, see Js- 

AiM muHaqad, see xie- 

Jis** mu^tamad, see j/ 

»y:M maH{ih, see 4.:p 

jlf' mi'g'dr, see j!^ 

•js^ mu'gisa, see j,«f 

J^* mu'aggil, see J^ 

u^'fu^) margin, and o^' 
ma^g&n, sec ^S 
iSj\s».t ma'adddwy^ sec tSJc 

oJ-«' mu^addida^ see Jc 

J>A" muaddil^ see Jjc 

u-^' ma'dan, mine, metal, p/. 
j;;iU. ma''ddin;^s»^Tna'dan, 
good, excellent ; j:,^.. a.:*^ 
sihhetoh ma'dan, his health 
is good ; 1 jT ^l4«^ J5\ oJ^. 
ma'dan illy 'amalt keda, 
I am glad you did that 1 

tS^tmVda, stomach, pi. ji», 

t^Ji»* mu'dy, sec t^jc 
jjtf jM mu^arraSj see^ja^ 
^y>j*» ma'^rcid^ see tjOjC. 

«j.» ma'rifa, see Oj^ 

J j«. mu^arraq, see j^c. 

« jM ma'saqa, see jjc 

j»» m r*(X, see jf-U 
*yk, ma^azaa, see yt 
* j_)«« ma^s^lm, see ajc 
Jx^»mu^ty, see JLft 

k». ma''sam, see Jip 
4.Jj4ai ma'^qulyja^ see Jrp 
4.4L* ma'Zag'a, spoon, pL jlU. 

4.4l«< muallaqa, see j.\e 
y> muallim ,sQe \c 
J^'^maHAl, see Jc 
^^*" ma'Kim, see W 
(iA** mimdry^ see _;>•*■ 
A*-M(,^.:)ma'/Ha', to bleat. 4.»j,. 

ma^ma''a, bleat. 
J*.». mammal, see J^.C' 
AJij*.«i ma^mudyja, see Jk«P 
(Jj*.a* ma'miil, see J.<tc- 
^^M ma^na, see ^^ 
^»'(j\.c) ma" jar , see j^ 
.i.i.«. ma^ysa, see _jiW 
a2;«' ma''jaqa^ see j.c. 
^-»->mujal, see JW 
V rna^yja, see ». 
cJ^'mugdt, syrup made of nuts, 

almonds, etc. 
aJU* mugdlba, see_<,\& 




iklli. mugdlta, sec JaU 

^j« magrib, and cJ^i* mayraby, 

sec ._jjS. 
Jijii mugarbil, see Jiy- 
j_,i. magras, see J^c- 
^y._,M mugrid, see ^^p 
*5_^* magrafa^ see ^ji' 
j» ji- muyram^ see ^ ^e- 
tj^mugra* red ochre^ red 

Jji' magzal^ see Jjc^ 
JIJw mugassil, see J-p 
(jaJL>magas^ colic. 
^jAi* magtas, see ^t 
Jii« muyaffalj see Jip 
Jai" (iai»:) maglat, see LJt 
Jljli* migluwdny^ see Jc. 
A*i* ( i*J«c ) magmag, or i^cl 
itmagmag^ to hesitate, 
feign to refuse, ^.^vi. magf- 
maya, hesitation, act of 
feigning to refuse. 
l:i. magna* mahogany, 
Ui. magna, see j^fc 
Ijj^i. ma^ni;rya,* magnesia. 
^.LJu ma<y;ia/ys, magnet, loadstone, 
j^ muganny, see ^^p 

ili. mafdd, see jU 
rfi-sU-. mufdsla, see J^> 
*.j>)[k>mufdwrla, see,ji'.> 
7-l:i' muftdh, see ^' 
jitii* muftaljar, see _^ 
(j>i« muftary, see t5_^ 
(Jit" mufattis, seeJLa 
/■^•miftisir , openly^ plainly, 
blandly ; j.i:ill *i5^ kalli- 
moh bil miftisir, tell him 
in plain language! 

At:i. mufattaqa, see j-» 

jLTHufty, see jj 
jL. mafarr, see _^ 

:,jiMmufrad, see ij» 
j,ji. mafras, see Ji> 

4c jL. mtifarra'a, see ^_^ 

jji.mafraq, see Jy 

pi^ ma f ram, see |»_^ 

A-i, mtifsid, see Ju-i 

^^4 mufassir, see ^ 

J:i. m jya^Js, see Ji.» 
J^i. maf!>al, see J-a» 

viii. mifakk, see *iA» 
*..^^i. mafhumyja, see a» 

sA>inufyd, see jl» 

4;Il. muqdbla, see JJ 




cX'u maqdt, creeping vegetables 
or fruits (cucumber, water- 
melon, elc.). 
Aij\2. muqdrsa, see j.j 

iij\i> muqdrfa, see ^J 
AiA maqds, see ^l» 

lUU* muqasd, and a;-U« muqasy. 
ja, see ^Ji 
f\l*maqdm, see ^^i 

^j\l» muqdwih, see ^jU 

JjU« muqdwil, see Jjl» 

*»_)ll4 muqdwma, see ^^l5 

4^1 \a. muqdjsa, see j_^lj 

^-i^ll* muqdjda, see ^jijU 

.jjS* maqhara, see j« 
o2. ( JU«c ) maqat [jimqit ), to 
maltreat, torture. Ji^-Scl 
inmaqat, to be maltreated, 
tortured. vl-^;c mamqdt, 
maltreated, tortured. zJ^ 
maqt, ill-treatment, torture. 

jS'i> muqtadir, see jjJ 

livotli muqtady^ see <^ 

jljiimagddr, seejJi» 

oJ^S* muqddf, see ^.Ai 

»jji2. maqdara, see jA» 
fSi,muqdim and muqaddim, 

see .jJ 
Ly« muqris, see ^j.^; 
4c^. maqra''a^ see f-^i 
^j4. muqrif^ see _jji 
Ja-ij« maqsat, see Jaii 
4.i.i4 maqassa, sec ^J.; 
j_yai« maqas^, see j_^; 
i_,.ai* muqsab, see ^-a5 
jL-aS* maqsad, and i^^hmaqs/xd, 
see A-aj 
»j^24 maqsura, see j-a» 
fje^-al. maqsds, see ^^a* 
»1,2. maqta\ see .k; 
t^ks. maqtaf, see ^ki 
.j^k5« maqtjxra. see jki 
4..e^kJ« maqtu^yja, see «k5 

,5' ( «ft£ ) maqqa\ to drink 

liquors, be drunk. .SiT mw_ 

maqqa\ drunk. *Jt tamqy\ 

act of drinking liquors, 


a»t. maq'ad, see Jl»» 

J«» muqill, seeJJ 

p!iU. m jg^(t', see »\5 

4j!>li. miqldja^ see j_^ 

^.^la* maqlab, see ^..15 

cAi* (o!^) maqlit, or Jo ^1 





itmaQlit 'a la, to mock at 
sneer at. aIs* maqliia, 
mockery, sneer. 
^,Xu maqlama^ see U 
j^u muqla, large turban^ pZ. jSi 

muqal, or o^'^i* muqldt. 
j^ maqwid, see JlJ 
,jjlo maqwaraj see j*? 
tS^Sa muqauwa, see t?y 
^_^L4. m igjds, see j_^U 
j_^j«* maqj'ad, see ^^U 
'lC makka, Mecca, (i jl^. ma/«- 
kdwy, native of Mecca, pi. 
Aj^'SC makkawyja. 
jigCi mukdbir, see jv5^ 
^•,^mukdtib, see^:5^ 
(►(.jlSC* makaddm* road metal. 
j'gC makkdr, see jC 
.j*^. makkdra^ pulley. 
^IgC* makkds, sec^C 
,l»SCi mukafd, sec ;f> 
A^tsC. mukakyja, see Jv^ 
j;;!^. makdn, sec jlS" 
^.C makbas, see ,_^ 
A^,mikabba, sce^ 
^C ma/«/la&,and _.^:^ makt&b, 
see ^o 

mukhila, see JlT 
(jCc) makar (jumkur)^ to 
deceive, practise artifice ; 
aIc JC makar ^alih^ he 
deceived him. _,C makr, 
deceit^artiflce. jfC makkdr, 
deceitful, cunning, />i.j.jl^ 
mukrib, s>CG^f 
makramo.^ see ^_^ 
( ^_^\5 ) makkis, to pay city 
dues. j_,jC maks, city dues, 
octroi. (_^CC makkds, 
collector of city dues, pZ. 
jj<-'SC« makkasyn. 
maksab, see^_-i 
maksara, see ^-S' 
maksala, see J^ 
muka"ab, vine arbour, 
trellis work, pZ. vi^l^^ 

mukallafa , see wilsT^ 

miiklimdny, see ir 

( jCc ) makkln, to enable, 

permit, strengthen. jCi 

amkan, to beablo;^y_Cl I, 

•X^ ma amkands jiktib 





he could not write ; jCc 
jimkin, it is possible ; J^ 
^ jimkin jigy, he may 
come. jCcI itmakkin, to be 
enabled, permitted, fixed. 
^cmumkin, possible, per- 
haps. cjjCc tamkyn, act of 
enabling, permitting, fixing. 
o'^'l imkdn.j possibility ; 
C)^.^\ jsl Jc 'ala qadr el 
imkdn,&s much as possible. 
^4 mukn, solid, strong. 

*.A'JSjt muknisa, see ^5^ 

a:.C makina* see aiM, 

^f^makixk^ shuttle. 

(S^makwa, seeisf 
JLx. mukayjisdty, see ^^'> 

J*( Jc) maii (jimill), to be 
weary,bored,tired, exhaus- 
ted. j!U ma^ii,weary, bored, 
tired, exhausted. JU malal, 
fatigue, weariness, exhaus- 
%{'^0 mala, ( jimla ), to fill . 
>l£l itmala, or^:*l imiala,to 
become full. ^\\> maljdn, 
full, empty. jl» malu, or J^ 

maZf/, act of filling. »^L 
malwa, 1/4 8th part of an 
ardabb, pi. ^\^» malwdt, 
^l:«l imtila, state of being 

i.ks% muldbta, see L} 
a]l^';;),» muldh^a, sec Jil- 

if% maldha, see ^V 

» O*. miMsim, see |.j! 

^.^el^. muWib, see ^.! 

*J ^U mulaqyja, sec jl 

iJ^, mahXk, see lilJ.. 

pj^U maldm ih, see ^ 

4.4;>l4 maldma, see»^ 

ii%maldna, cicer arietinum. 
Cx.3^> malawyn, or o jl» malawy- 
na, lever, handles, crow- 
bar, crank, pi. ol:jj:iL 

Al%mildja^ bed-sheet, large 
cotton shawl worn by 
women out of doors, pi. J.« 
mily, or slXi^» milajdt. 

^jISm mulabbiSj see ^ 

ck\» malban, Turkish delight, 
fig- paste. 


X malbixs, see ^ 

f jtU 



»'j!i.>miltizim, see *_^ 

*^ ( J^f ) mallah, to salt ( food, 
etc.). ^\itmallah, to be sal- 
ted. ^c^'lis^amZuAjto become 
salty. ^' mumallah, salted. 
Jir^ mustamlah, salty. ^ 
malh^ salt, hail ; cSjAf I ^ii* 
maZ/i ingilyzy, Epsom salt. 
*-p-jl* miluhtjja, saltness. 
^jU miZii/ia^ saltness, kind 
of salted fish. ^Umdij/i^salt; 
^lU J-\ el bahr el indlih, the 
sea. io.% mallAha, salt- 
cellar, salt-mine, pi. Z,\o''% 
ii^* malhdZj see iaL 

^' ( i^ ) malali ( jumhih), to 
dislocate. ^* mallah,, to 
dislocate one thing after the 
other. iM it mala}}, to be 
dislocated, ^jlf maml&h, 
dislocated, i' maZ/j, disloca- 

*4j^. maUama, son .J 

^U malaSj kind of silk material 
for ladies' wear. 

jjfl.1. ( ^jak ) malus ( jamla>: ), to 

extract, pilfer, escape. ,jeL 
mals, extraction, escape, 
LU malt, stark naked ; iil. Jj 
gato' maZ(,he stripped him- 
self naked. 
J:kU malt as, see JLkl 
UU maltam, see U 
w^«l* marAb, see ^J 
._iU milaff, see ^ 
JiA. malfaz.sea]^ 
jU malaq, open space; ^^ijl 
jl. ar^.Z malaq, open land, 
free land. *sL. malaqa, 
certain undefined distance, 
league, pi. ^l«« malaqdt, 
As\s\» ;)7 i7gd(, see Jaj! 
^^iU malqaf, see «_ii) 
lili.. (dJSx) malak ( Jumluk ), to 
possess, reign ; ^:.C j5l.U 
mamalaks Jiktib, he was 
not able to write, he had no 
time to write. viU.. mallik, to 
give possession, cause to 
reign. dJi:*i imtalak^ to 
possess,own. >ij\il itmallik, 
or dlSi-'lt\s-?a»(//A",lo appro- 




priate, take possession. dH^' 
mdlik, possessor, owner, 

proprietor ^pi.oi^^-mft^^J/'i. 
^^c mamlukj white male 
slave, pi. dlJl<r mamalyk. 
4..x\x. mulkyja, right, pro- 
perly, ki!iU_ mJZ/f, property, 
plJ:>{.\ amldk;^%)i'iSi':>^> 
min zawy el amldk, or 
lilU _9-l-9 sdhib milk, 
proprietor ; ill* c,.; 6^i 
miZA;, private house. S^.' 
w.alldky^ private ;S'^^' Mj^ 
'^arabyja malldky^ private 
carriage. dX).'mulk, realm. 
dUr malik, king, /)Z. iJj\» 
mwZa/fjiJjlU .Ijdd eZ muluk, 
gout. ^ATnalika, queen, /)/. 
malaka, eau de Cologne, 
6% maldkj angel, pi. ^Cli^. 
maldjka. 4^\c mamlaka, 
kingdom, empire, power, 
pl'L\t\j>mamdlik.^» mulky^ 
civil ; Af.[, ^j-OU maldbis 
mulkyja, civil dress, civil 

JU malal, see J* 
aU mfZto, nation, creed, religion, 

/)Z. jL milal. 
_,U malu, see !iL 
•tff-^^* miluha, see -i* 
*^)-' muluhyja^ corchorus oli- 

A-i^U malatcyna, see j>,3^'» 
J* ( Js ) 'naZta ( jimally ), to 
dictate writing. ^1*1 iwfa, 
dictation, pZ. J*| imal, or 

U ma7{/,and^'(tn_, see ;jU 

^milyh^ see ^V 

A,mallym,* millidme ( = 

l/lOOO th part of a pound 

Egypiian), pi. z^lc-ymallyrndt, 

C)}}» maljun* million, pi. j;^,>l. 

.li{. mamdt, see z^\» 
*^j{.mumdrsa, see^jL 
^^Jl« mumd::ga^ sec ^jU 
411=1.. mumdtla^ see Jk« 
jji^y mamrtid, see j_pj. 
A*--^ mamsaha, see ^ 
^ic mamsa, see^^i* 
j^c mamass, see jjfl.» 


jCf mumkin, see Jx-. 

4^[c mamlaka, and Jij<: mam- 
luk^ see d.lS.« 

(j* ( u5 ) ^ct^'i (jiminn ), to 
grant, be benevolent; ^y 
•jW! A._ic mann ^aldh hi 
sigdra, he kindly gave him 
a cigarette, (jul imtann, to 
be grateful. i:,^:i: mamnvin, 
grateful. aJ^zi: mamnunyja , 
^'Tnin, from, of; U* • . mm 
/lena, from here, this way ; 
^jL.I J. min Imbdrih^since 
yesterday; ^:^ ^>mlnsana, 
a year ago ; di;, ^^^1 ^ 
hiiwa ahsan minnak, he is 
better than you ; S.u ^. 
minny minnak^ were I in 
your place, if I were you ; 
s>-\) y, minhum wdhid, 
one of them; 4.:. ^,j qaryb 
rninnoh^ near him: l;j t.. 
minna fyna, among our- 
selves; *-J., A:»i v_jlS^*,;. 
minnoh kdtib une minnoh 
miliar gim, ho is clerk and 


^»^ minn , see ^ 

[ujnuna, see ^4 

A>1;-. mandha, see ^y 

^L mandli, climate. 

\i.\.u mandfily, see Jii 

^i-U manaljyr, or jUti« minlidr^ 

nose, nostril. 
*:)li. minddim^ see*il 
(iil:, munddy^ see <iJ^i 
4f jli. munds^a^ see ?- j! 
^^\:. mundsib, see w-J 
4.if^l.. mundgkt, see^Ji-lJ 
A-il:^ mundfia, see (_^ 
L»L* m and fig, see j»\5 
,_,»l:. mundqra, see _;«.■ 
*^jL. mundqsa, see^^«^ 
AJiiU mundqija, see ^^" 

^U. mandm, sec («l> 
.jiftU. mundhda, see a.^; 
4,^U. m£<rtdw;6a,sce ^^VJ 
.jjUmancJiora,* manoeuvre, pi. 

Olj^l:' muncucrdt, 
^)\iA mundtcla, scG Jl; 
^_jL manawyk, or ^.ii ^b mana- 
w;f/6(/,dark violet. 
jL.mtmMr, or jLc mumbdr^ 



intestines ( of sheep, etc. ). 

C^i.:, manbat, see ^J 

j<:» manbar , pulpit, tribune, 
pi. j\u mandbir, 

Aj* munabbih J see aJ 

Jf^ munaggid^ see Af- 

Jf* mangal, siciile, pi. Jo-l:* 
mandgil, i\.^' mangala, 
vice (screw), joi. ^^l»c:. 

^ munaggim^ see^i 

— i* man^'anyg/cistern of water, 
closet, pi. o\2_.:«.u manga- 
J* mango, or A?t:4 manga * 

jji.' mang&r^ see^f 

^^4 munaggy, see ji 

jA*" mnnhadirj see jj*. 
^ji^ m unhang, see ^^»- 

j^ m inJidr, see j^i-li* 

' J^' manhul, see Ji 

aIIa:* mmddZa_, pile-driver, /)Z. 
C*VlJu* mindaldt. 

,jS:» mandara, saloon on the 
ground floor for the recep- 
tion of men visitors, pi. jiU. 

\Xi> mandaZ,magic, clairvoyance; 

Ja:U P fatal} el mandal^ he 

practised magic. 
,^3X» manddb, delegate, repre- 
sentative, pi. tj<[3-^'-^ man- 

Ja:* mandyl, handkerchief, pi. 

JoV;. manadyl. 
J jl. mansal, see ^}J 
^-.:. manslg, see -s^' 
i_i— '- mttnsaf, carding board, pi. 

,_i-lu mandsif, 
K^y^:^ mansdb, see .^ J 
jU:* minsdr, sec ^Ij 
Aii.:. mansafa, see i_ij:j 
a1:» minassa, see »i 
j^-i^. mansdr, see ^11 
j.^u mansar, see ^^ 
^Iki* mm^(lsf/,row, quarrel, noise, 
jk:* (jkic) mantar^ to cut off the 

head, .^k:* mantara, act of 

cutting off the head. 
jk» mantaq, and -uUik:. man- 

taqndma, see jlaJ 
j\ki. minsdr, and jlii* mansar, 

see ^ 




.:. ( »:£ ) mana' (jimna^ ), to 
to be prevented, forbidden. 
»::*1 imtana\ to abstain. 
^1 it manna', to decline. 
f-yC niamnd'', prevented, 
forbidden. »:-. mdn^^ preven- 
tion, prohibition. »il. mdni', \ 
objection, obstacle, pZ. «ily! 
mawdn'i', ^U JL_i U ma /'y^ 
mdni\ there is no objection, 
I have no objection. 

»-\4i, munfd!}, see jtii 

jiij manfad, see JiiJ 

jj,.iL. man fas, see ^^.ui 

4^;« manfada, see j^i! 

4ml* man fa' a, see »o 
ill manfa, see ji 

j\2:. minqdr, see ji 

JiL. manqad, brazier, /jZ. jjU 

4s:« manqala, see Ji 
^_p.So. m inkds, sec jJxJ 

^^4 man war , sec ^y 
jl.^:* manomitr* manometer. 
i^* -li^l (^=l) i^ma^na^to wish, 
ask a favour, salute ; Jc ^1 

itmanna '^alayja, ask what 

you wish of me! j^c taman. 

ny, wish, desire, salutation. 

\u muna, wish, desire ; U* 

iu-f- m«na '^no/i, his heart's 


IS* many, semen. 

^'-' man jam, see *\> 

Oi^ minajn, cakes. 

^\'muhdb, sec ^U 

V V muhatyja, see JU 

*j=rV' muhdgra, see j»? 

^-^jV* muhdrsa, see J.j» 

J?' (jfc) mahhar, to give a 

dower to a girl on her 

marriage.z> j^\itmahharet, 

to be given a dower. ^ 

mahr , dower , pi. j\^»\amhdr. 

j^. muhr, foal of a mare. 

C)^jf muhriigdn* iea^i, wedding, 

pi. wliWj^ miihrugandt. 

j^:>j^' mihriddr' seaLbearer, 

garde des sceaux. 
I , i 

l> ( Ijfj) mahsd, or Jt I V' 
itmahsd 'ala, or I j»/ia^^a, 

to mock, ridicule. »lj^ 

mahzad, mockery, ridicule. 




t^^mihasxa, see j» 

*J(.. m ihaffa, see ._aft 

di^. (til^) mahak (jumhuk), to 
mash, pound, di^cl Jnma/ia/e_, 
or di^l itmahcikj to be 
mashed, pounded, indulge 
in; 6 ^^i mam huk, mashed, 
pounded^indulging in, busy, 

J«-*( JfS ) tnO'hal ( jimhil),io 
give time, grant delay. J^l 
inm,ahal, or J^cl itmahal, 
to be given time, granted 
delay. JfCl itmahhll,or J^c-I 
istamhil^ to give time, 
grant delay, wait. J^. 
ma/iZ, slowness; Jf.ll Jc 
'atoZ mahl, or tiil^ Jc 'aZa 
mahlak^ slowly, gently. ^l^. 
muhla, delay, interval, pi. 
^m,uhal,or^'^f. muhldi. 
Aj^muhallabyja, kind of sweet 

^^muhimm, and Zj\'muhim- 
mdt, see ^ 
ii/"(ia*.^ ) mahmat, to cause to 
beflabby. Ja/>.j£l itmahmat. 

to become flabby. \a.4^c 
mumahmat^ flabby. Ak*.j.> 
mahmata, flabbiness. 
_j\j.:jfi^ mihminddr^ major_domo, 
J^vj.' mahm{is^ see 3«-» 
}s:f'muhandiz, or ^Aif m«- 

handis, see jA:» 
o^:r (u^:fS) rnahjas, or ^^:r 
itmahjas, to show off", be 
ostentatious. *^^. mahjasa, 
display, ostentation. ^y\~^. 
mihjds, fanfaron, brag_ 
C>\y mawdt, see oU 
»jui-l_j. mudljza, see ii-l 
(ijly muwdry, see t^jj 
4.i-9lj< muwdsfa , see uj^^ 
J\ymaauj(tZ, song, pL Jijly 

«ly muwdjma, estimate of a 
work, pi, Cj^^\ymuwajmdt. 

ji.y muabbad, see Ju I 

U;^« muhylja* furniture, pi. 
oUj^. mubyljdt. 

O^. md^, see oU 

jC>. tnAtamar, see yl 






fi'-K)'^^ ( ;7^e1 ) itraauwig, to 
wave, swing to and fro. r-y 
mdg^ waves, sg. A»-y mdga, 
pi. vl<Uy mogdt. 
^p-j- mugibjSee ^>.f 
j>-y muaggir, see j^\ 
ji-^» muh'u\ see ji-l 
Qiy» muaddin,see ^i\ 
,iy mdda, or ^J>y mdda* 
fashion, fashionable, pi. 
ZAiy moddt ; ,i^ll Jc 'alal 
mdda, fashionable. 
muadda, see :>} 
c-jjy modysta* dress-maker, 
milliner,/)Z.^l^-ii^ modys- 
.iS'iyTnA'iy, see iS'i\ 
njymdrada, see ij} 
Aij^ moryna, or ^li jU maryna^ 
pole, beam of timber^ 
scantling, rafter, pi. oL^y 
jyjndz, bananas, banana- 
trees, sg. tjy mu^a, pi. 
Cj\jy mo^dt. 
fyymuwazsa\ sec cj^ 

[ - 

f^ytmdsim, season, pi. ^^Ij* 
j--^. or aSojy muzyka* music, 
band of musicians, pi. 
wSojy muzykdt. JSoj^. 
JLi^ muwassis, see^jj-j 
»^y, mawda\ and f- fJ> yiri a wdd\ 

sec ^J>) 
aJ>^» rndddj see ».5yt 
(_ii;^. muwa^zafj .see >_ilij 
w5^» muwaqqat , see c«jj 
»;y mawqa\ see «sj 
i_i»^. mawqaf, see i-iJj 
k^5^ m(5fea6, procession, pl.^\y 
J^« mAlid, see j!^ 
>_il> muallif, see i_jil\ 
A-*^. mumisa, prostitute, pi. 

^^*y mdmin, see j,«l 
A.»^. m&mja,' mummy, pi. 0^.4^ 

Oyioy.) maiucin, to make 
provisions, tiy m{lna^ 



*;,l. ' 

provision, mortar 
ma^na, provision. 
[^mayja, or L.I ummayja, 
water, _pZ.>^L. mayj'dt ; hi,- 
Ul c5j A-ji hafas darsoh 
saj el mayja, he learned 
his lesson thoroughly; c^^>\ 
L. ^iS; II it ballot lamma 
haqit mayja, I was wet to 
the skin. (ijUmtiwJt/, aqueous, 
watery(melon, etc.). aJU JU. 
mabdny mdyja^ hydraulic 
jj., mibar, packing needle, pZ. 

j\.* majdbir, 
^j. my^, village. 
^".„ mayjit, and o^V majtdn, 
and ^« mitam, see^U 
4JU.« myddlja* medal^ joZ.oU^J-. 
O^Ijl. mydaljdn* medallion, pen- 
dant, pi. oli^jJU.. mydaljo- 
^|jij« mf/cZdn, square,open space, 
field for exercise, pi. oiiL* 
<iJu» mayjidy, para, ( l/40th 

part of a piastre), pi. tjjL 

L JL. mydja* oysters, 
wljiv. myrds, seez>j) 
4_Vlju. myraldj, seetiVi 
•->5' myra, ammunition. 
cJijy myrdn' holy oil. 
1:-j5* myry, government^govern- 
3>* (3.^5) fnayji-:, to distinguish, 
prefer. j^l\ itmayji::; , to be 
distinguished, preferred. 
j^_s* mitmayjiz^ or j_*^ 
mumayjaz , distinguished, 
preferred, preferable, ju 
ence,difference, intelligence; 
juc'l rJc 'adym et tamyjys, 
stupid, jb,.! imZijd^, mono. 
poly, concession, pZ.>i*l jL:*l 
imtijazdt ; jU*Vl »_,?-U 
f^dhib el imtijdz^ conces- 
sionnaire ; Jjjjl c^ljl.:*! 
imtijazdt edcZatoaZ, capit- 
wl ju myzdb, gutter^ drain. 




^u mys, target, mark, pi, ^Ll 

l-ij mdda, see ^^ 
iU*« my^dd, see^U 
(jU^ maja'dn, see ^l« 
4.'*« m(?'a, storax. 
^>^:^ mykanyky * see jAu 
J^ mi/i, mile, pi. JUI amjdl. 
J;» 7ndi,andi:;:>L.mayaW/i,seeJU 
j!^ myldd, see jjj 
cm* mt//i, who? whom? 1^ t;^ 
myn da^ who is this? L* t:^. 

mj/n /iwmma^who are they? 

ij<* c^,j-'> darabt myn, 

whom did you strike? x-e. j* 

a<' min 'and myn, from 

[i^myna, harbour, port, pi. 

(Jl^. mawdny, or ^ mijan. 
*u, m?/^a,diaLplate(of a watch), 

pl.Z>\~* myndt, 
x.» myja, hundred, pi. wU 

myjdt; JiX\J fll myja, per 


n, ni, we; *_»^li nisrab, we 
drink. J n?/, me ; ^^. ^^ ^» 
/iwtoa tjarabny, he struck 
me. I; na, we, us, our; UlTl 
akalna,v^e ate;l;;y-J^»/iatoa 
^/arabna, lie struck us;l;iVir 
kitdbna, our book. 
kj\) (vj^. ) '^^^ (jun{ib), to 

supply one's place, represent 
one, obtain ; ^:o ^l» nd6 
'anhum,he replaced them. 
ajI vii.1" ndbak d, what did 
you gain ? what good did it 
do you? ^jb'l itndicib, to 
do a thing in turn.^lindj ib, 
portion, share ; ^^\i ndjib^ 




representative^ substitute, 
agent^;?^. ^ly nuwdb ; (j-U 
s_^l_jJ\ maglis en nuwdb; 
House of Representatives, 
House of Commons;^_;-)J\ ^il; 
ndjib er rayjis, vice-pre- 
sident; ^ ^.li ndjib gddy, 
assistant-judge.! ndjba, 
misfortune, calamity, pi. 
^tly nawdjib. A^y ndba, a 
time,once, turn_,fit, pi . ^\y 
nobdt; Ai \y ndbet tamdm, 
tattoo (mil.). ^i-\y-. ndbaitsy^ 
on duty ( official ), 7:*^. A.iy 
nobatsyja. -ui^.y nobatsyja, 
turn, duty. 4.;U nijdba, in 
place of, instead of ; aAJ\ en 
nijdba,the Parquet (Public 
Prosecution Department) ; 
A.»y'^\ 4.|U:i\ en nijdba el 
'umumyja, office of the 
Procureur general;iAJ\^J:t- 
\u]u en nijdba, officer of 
the Parquet ; ^yy*'! ._^ilJ^ en 
ndjib el hiniixmy, the 
Procureur g^n6ral, Attor- 
ney general. ^ a;UL bin 

nijdba 'an nt/,instead of me, 5 
in my place. A)_)\:'mundwba^ 
alternation, rotation, 
^ll ndb, large tooth, pi. ^Ljl 
anjdb ; Jjj\ *Ai J>-lj rdgil 
ndboh azraq, a vindictive 
man, a cruel man. 

^X ndbit, see ^J 

^l" ndgih, see ^i- 

A^l ndhja, village, direction, 
place, neighbourhood, pi. 

\y nawdhy ; 


nawdhy myt qirs, about 
one hundred piastres, 
jil; nddir, see ja; 
j^'>ndr, fire, pi. oU' nyrdn ; 
jl" Jlc. gdly ndr, very 
expensive, very dear ; Jcl5 
jl; JcQ-d'icZ 'ato ndr, he is 
on thorns, he is very 
anxious, isjc ndry^ fiery. 
4^j\i narg'(/to,hubble-bubble,/)i. 
^l,^L>-jli nargyldt. ]^| 

^jl; ndring, bitter oranges, sp". ' 
Af jl! ndringa, pi. zXi-J^ 
naringdt ; a.'^jUU Jii swg'i 
en ndringa, magic work. 



jij\\ narUz, new year's day of 
the Coptic calendar, autum- 
nal equinox, 
^l; ndSj see ^\ 
»J«J;\; ndsifj see ._iij 

^l; nddh, see <^ 
j^-sl; nasAr, fistula, pi, jj^ly 

<u-»l; ndsja, angle, jo/. (^^ly 

py^ndzir, see^ki 
el" nd^im, see *! 
jLc-l;(J-^^) na^/y, to sport or 
court a woman. 4.i«-l:. 
mundgsa, act of sporting 
or courting a woman. »j. 
aIm mara nigsa, winsome 
woman^captivating woman. 
«»l; ndfi , sec «i; 

jil; ( jib ) ndfiq, to tell a lie, 
act the hypocrite. ^U. 
mundflq, liar, hypocrite, pZ. 
4Jt),4»U* munaf(]yn.j\ii nifdq, 
falsehood^ hypocrisy, 
^yl; nafhh, so(' jj'; ndqis^ scCjjai* 
Ail; ndqa^ shc-comel, />/. o\>l" 

^ji\i naqds, church bell, gong, 
pi, (j-uiy nawaqys. 
^l; ( dljii ) nd/t (jinyk), to 
copulate. liLi/ia^ji/f^to cause 
or allow to copulate. ilUil 
itndk^ to be copulated. iJU:* 
mitndk^ copulated. diJ n^/c, 
copulation, il^:* manjdk, 
catamite. .i^-N manjtika, 
jTl; ndkir^see fi 
Jl; ( Jji) /icii ( jindl ovjunM), 
to obtain. J^" nauwil^ to 
grant, cause to obtain. Jjl; 
ndwil, to hand, give, give 
one the Communion ; j!.jl; 
-ol-at ndwilny 'asdja, he 
struck me a blow with a 
slick. JjbM itndwil, to 
take, commune. Jly nawdl, 
possession, obtainment.AljU* 
mundwla, act of giving. 
a\; (.L) ndm,to sle6p,lie down. 
j.^ naiuoim, or J nctjym, 
to cause to sleep or lie down. 





(C^ ndjim, asleep, lying; 
(tU Andjim Q'dyfm, staying, 
living, .y n(5m, sleep. *»y 
ndma, a sleep, pL vlUy 
nomdt. *l*« mandm, vision, 
dream, pi. oUU« manamdt. 
^i. man jam, bed of a 
jj-y^; 7iamus, mosquitoes, s^'. 4-^'! 
*.-yl" /lamasj/ya, mosquito- 
net, pi, oU-.>.li namusyjdt, 
0)i^'> nawlun, freight. 
(^'^'> ndj, native reed flute, pi. 
wU najdt. Jll" najdty, 
w-i^j ndjib, see wl! 
U.Gr!(Cl:)) itnabba, to pro- 
phesy. ,'j;ia&Mioa,prophecyj 
pi. Ol^J nubuwdt. ^i /ia6f/, 
prophet, p/. Li I anbyja. 
(Syi' nabawy, appertaining 
to the prophet. 
cA.>nabdt, see j^J 
(ijU; nabdry, winter crop of 

4.*L; nabdha, see *.: 



( j^ui ) nabat ( jinbit ), to 
grow ( plant ). ^i nabbit, 
to sew fine stitches. ^X 
tidbit, growing ; z^}l Jy 
fdl ndbit^ boiled beans. oU 
nabdt, plant, vegetation, pZ, 
oliUna&ctidi; ^UMft'j'Zm en 
naMi, botany, »i,u. manbat^ 
nursery (of trees), pi. ^ijlu 
mandbit. i:J nabta, plant, 
germination^pZ. >i)l:J nabtdt, 
( !.c.;i ~) nabah (jinbah), to 
bark (dog). ^J /ia&)^, or 
c-L; /liM/i, bark 
( jj-o ) na&as (jinbis or 
junbus), to dig, search. 
JLJ nabbis, to search, 
examine, put in disorder. 
J:i-;; tanbys, act of digging, 
search, examination. 
nabd, or L.; ;!a5(, pulse. 
( it.;) nabbat, to criticise ; 
Uc jLk-o ma tinabbats 
'al^h, do not criticise himl 
ia.c: tanbyt, criticism. 
nab\ spring of water, pi. 
*.^\:ijanaby\ or f-^J nub&\ 



jJ nabq,\olus,^Uyphus spina 
christij sg. aSJ nabqa, pi. 
C>\iJ nabqdt. 

4-.; nibla, arrow, pi. C^%} 
nibldt;^.i\ (Sj r f- ho-rag. 
;saj en ?iibla,he went out 
like a shot. 

Aj;(4.:. ) nabbih, to warn, give 
notice, draw attention to^ 
stimulate ; aJc aJ nabbih 
'a^^/i, warn him! give him 
notice 1 ii.:!l intabah, to 
perceive, take notice of. a.:; I 
itnabbih^io be warned, given 
notice, have one's attention 
drawn to, stimulated .aji;' 
tanbyhj warning, notice., 
instruction, pi, o^^c: tan- 

byhdt. 4 ft\_o nabdha, 

intelligence. .L;l inlibdh, 
attention, care, wakefulness. 
*.:;. muntabih, attentive, 
careful, A-Jnat?//i,inlelligent, 
pi. \^.} nubaha. i^i> munab- 
bih, stimulant ; *^;.4c\-. sd'a 
munabbUia, alarm watch. 
w^J nabbdt^ cluij, thick long 

stick, pi. z^A^ nababyt ; 
C>y}\bin nabbdt,hY force, 
jgii^ c-^; *i%- haldwa 
nabbO-t el gafyr^ candy in 

,5.; nubuwa,Q.n^ J naby, seeL" 

,^..1.; nibyt, wine. 

4.-.; nabyh^ see o 

r-lt; natdg, see ^ 

All:; natdna, see ^jv 

ajI:; nitdja, female, pi. jl /u'^t/. 
■^' ( 5^::. ) natag {Juntug ), to 
result from. ;^'ai-l is<a/i< ig, 
to deduce, infer, j^l; ndtig, 
result, consequence, pi. ^ly 
nawdtig; ^^^\f'^ ndtig et 
tamy, spoil (of a canal). 
Alt'' natyga, result, conse- 
quence, summary, almanac, 
pl.A-:>natdjig;A'^ natdg, 
parturition of animals, foal, 
>(>;.) natar (Juntur ), to 
scatter, tlirow. Jk, nattar^ 
to scatter or throw one after 
the other. J:>\itnatar, to bo 
scattered, llirown. j/ji* 


mantur, scattered, thrown; 
j^u. ^_,> harag mantCir, he 

went out in a rage 

w_4) jl^« 

aj>; masaryf natryja, 
sundry expenses. 

JL-J ( JL:;. ) natas, (jintis), to 
snatch;4alcA,i>iVia^aso/i 'a?ga, 
he gave him a"licking". JL:; 
nattis, to snatch one thing 
after the other. jLiij'liinaias, 
to be snatched. J./.:, man- 
t{is, snatclied, penniless. 
^l nats, act of snatching. 
Aii natsa, a snatch, /Jf. 
oUf natsdt. 
/•:; ( »::. ) naia' {Jinta' ), to lift 
up a great weight, carry 
away ; \:> \J\ ^ (j«::. \:>j 
rabbina jinta'^ny min el 
'^aja da, may God save me 
from this illness 1 «:; nat\ 
act of lifting up a great 
weight, carrying away. 

uJ£ ( ^::i ) nataf ( jintif ), to 
depilate, pluck out hair or 
feather. v_i:; nattif, to pluck 
out one hair or one feather 

after another. ^y:« mant&f, 
depilated, deprived of hair 
or feather. i_i:; act of depi- 
lating, plucking out hair or 
feather. 4i:; nitfa, piece, 
slice, pi. ^:'>nitaf ; Cj\-^>- <»:>' 
nitfet hosdn, such a horse! 

u^ io'^:) nattiti^io stink, have 
a bad odour, be putrid. ^W 
nitin, or (ju. mtinattln^ 
stinking, having a bad 
odour, putrid ; ju ^j=r^ jrdgil 
nitin, a miser, a mean 
fellow, ^l:; natdna, stench, 
offensive odour, putridity. 

Aij^' natyga, see ^^ 

ajU /jag'dfca, intelligence. ..^-ina- 

^\<. nagdh, see ^-c 

J^naggdr, and ,jli nigdra, 
see ji 

jli nagds, see ji 
4-U iiagdsa, see ^^^ 

,lf nagr^t, see ^ji- 

^(^:>^nagah,(jingah), to 
succeed, prosper.^inag'5'«i^, 
to give success. ^U nagdfy, 




success, prosperity. <E"1" 
ndgih^ successful, prospe- 
rous, pi. ciK<^\i naghyn. 

si. ( 0.^1 ) nagad ( jingid), to 
help, rescue. Jif nag g id, to 
furnish a house with uphol- 
stery, card cotton. Jiil 
iinaggid, to be furnished, 
carded. s>^:» munaggid, or 
jjE-Oi wjina^'p'jcf, furnished, 
carded. Ju*:! tangyd^ act of 
furnishing a house, carding 
cotton. SxlX. munaggid, 
upholsterer, mattress - 
maker,pZ. jtx*.:* munag- 
gidyn. »J^ nagda, succour, 
ji- ( j^^ ) naggar, to exercise 
carpenter's profession. j\i- 
naggdr, carpenter, pl.^u^^ 
nag gar yn ; Ji J^ naggdr 
diqqy, cabinet-maker, .jlf 
nigdra, carpentry, chips 
of wood. jj?ci, mangdr^ 
wood-work of a house. 

jf (j^i) naggiz, lo finish, 
complete, carry out. j»tJl 

itnaggiz^ to be finished, 
completed, carried out.j»eU* 
m i^na5'g'i>,finished,comple. 
ted, carried out, j\i- nagdz, 
or jj^e.:; tangyz, execution, 
completion, achievement. 
^ ( j_^,^, ) nag g is, to cause to 
be unclean. ^j..*;: I i7nap'p'is,to 
become unclean. |_^so<ong'j/s, 
act of causing to be unclean. 
*^\^ nagdsa, uncleanliness, 
cunningness, naughtiness. 
^^ nig is, unclean, cunning, 
naughty, pi. Lf nugasa. 
^^'ti^manp'^s, cunning, nau. 
ghty,jpZ. ce-ye-:* mangusyn. 

^ nag\ hamlet,pZ. «.^f nugQ,\ 

or 4Cj^ nugA'a. 
U^i-nagaf, chandeliers, tg. *if 
nagafa, pi. oUf nagafdt. 

Jf naflfZ, son, pZ. Jlf I angdl. 

-vf^ (-.«.:. )naggim, to consult 
tlie stars, foretell the future. 
^ tan gym fid of consulting 
the stars, foretelling the 
future, astrology.(»:f*m«/iafl'. 
gini, astrologer, pi. Ci*4^ 





munaggimyn. ^ nigm, or nigma, star, pi. ^^ 
nugAm ; a^\ ^* min en 
nigma^ very early in the 
morning, before sunrise ; 
J^\ j f^»i'l tiijjjl i^-^. biddy 
awarryk en nugdm fy en 
nahdr, I shall pay you 
dearly I I shall make your 
life a misery to youl 

itnagga, to be saved, 
rescued. ^ nagga, to save, 
rescue. »U nagd, rescue, 
safety. jzx» munaggy, savi- 
our; ^jt^A Ij ja munaggy, 
dear me I what a horror I 
^_^i nagyb, see *i}i. 
cM- nahhdt, see z^ 
^jAi- nahds and nahhds, see ^ 
ii\^ nahdfa^ see u^i- 
w^ (»1J=1 ) nahat (jinhat), to 
hew stone. c^\ itnahat, 
to be hewn. O^ manMt, 
hewn, j^ na/i^, act of 
hewing; cJ^ j^ hagar naht 
cut-stone, ashlar. ,:J\i. nah- \ 

hdt, stone-hewer, pi. ^\^ 
^{ j^.) nahar ( jinhar ), to 
kill, butcher. 

^JJ^{^<^.) nalyxs ( jinhis ), to 
cause to be unlucky, (j-i 
nahhas, to cause to be as 
hard as brass, overlay with 
brass, ^si'l itnahas, to 
become unlucky, ^^i^ man. 
hAs, unlucky, ^i- nahs, 
of evil_omen,ill-luck,misfor. 
tune ; ^jJ^ J^-lj rdgil nahs, 
an unlucky man, an unkind 
man. ji^\ ^\i. nahds asfar^ 
brass ; jg~\ ^U nahds 
ahmar, copper; ^[i- nahds, 
household utensils in brass or 
copper.|_^lsi naA/wts, copper- 
smith, pi. (jtj-l^ nahhasyn. 

»-ii (t-i^J nihif (jinhaf), to be 
thin, slender, lean. uM. 
nahdfa, thinness, slender- 
ness, leanness. ^^ nahyf, 
thin, slender, lean, pi. ^li 
nuhdf, or Ui nuhafa 

ji ( J^si ) nahal (Jinhil), to 


• \9 


wear out, be threadbare; 
,^j<J Jil.jV J/Xsim anhil 
loh waharoh^ I shall serve 
him rightly 1 J^i* manhdl, 
worn out, threadbare, ji 
nahl, act of wearig out. 
J^ nahl, bees, sg. 4.^ nahla, pi. 
w^iU nahldt. j^ nahla ^ 
spinning-top, pi. J^ nuhal. 
T^i. . ^\ (tcIiJ-'I) itnahnah, to 
clear the throat, cough 
gently, hem. 4*,:^ nahnaha, 
act of clearing the throat, 
coughing gently, hemming, 
yi /la/ia, syntax. ^j,i nahawy, 
grammatical, too pedantic. 
oL^ ridhyf, see »_ii 

i(^^_) naM (jinihh), to 
bend or kneel down. ^ 
nahbab, to cause to bend or 
kneel down, pi' ndl}il}, 
bending or kneeling down. 
-^ naljf}, act of bending or 
kneeling down. 
A-li nalihdsa, see ,^.^4 
^Hi nuhdla, see ji^ 
J^(.J^.) '^<^har (^Junfiur ), to 

pierce , be decayed, j^] 
itnahO'r, to be pierced, 
decayed. j^« manfidr, 
pierced, decayed, jk- nahr, 
act of piercing, decay. 
\r^ (cr*^ ) ^^bas ( junbus ), to 
prick. ,jJe.;Jl itnabo.$, to 
be pricked, ^^ei. manb^s, 
pricked. ^ na^s, act of 
pricking. A-^ii nabsa, a 
prick, pi. oLii nabsdt. oli 
nabbdsa^ spur, /)i. cLlii 
i.yZi-nabs{Ls, nostril, joZ. j_^li 
■^ ( «t;i ) na^a' ( jinba' ), to 
shake. ^>\ itnaba\ to be 
shaken. ^y<^ manbA\ 
shaken. »i na^', act of 
shaking. 4»ii nab'a, a shake, 
/3i. wU;i nab'dt. 
jji ( Jic;i)na6a/ (junbul),to sift 
with a sieve. JitjM itnabal, 
to be sifted. Jyc:. manb^^l, 
sifted, ji na/ji, act of 
sifting with a sieve. Jlii 
nubdUtj bran. Jid. manbitl, 




sieve, pi. Ji-V:* mandbil. 
^L. mandhly, maker or 
seller of sieves, pi. aJo-U* 
^nahl, or J-i nihyl, date- 
palm trees, sg. ^i. nabla, 
pi. 0!9ii nabldt; ^yi nablct, 
contraction of JJlii mybdjyl 
( Michael ) . 
Ji)/iidd, companion, collea- 
gue, equal, pi. ilJJl anddd. 
\S, nada^ see c^jJ 

ajIjd' nadddba, see ^JJ 

i(!ljJ naddla, or aJjjJ nudulyja, 
cowardice. J -i; nadZ, coward, 
/)Z. Jljjl anddl, or -Jjju 

4«|ji.; naddma, see *jj 

wjjj ( kjjLii ) nadab (jindib ), to 
mourn the dead, bewail. v_,jb 
nadb, act of mourning the 
dead, bewailing. a,\X nad- 
ddba, hired-mourner, pi. 
wUJb" naddabdt, or ^\js 
iS> ( iJui ) naddid, to remark, 
criticise. JuJiJ tandyd, re- 

mark, criticism, pZ. ^IjIju J^;? 
jX ( jJl:j ) nadar (jundur)^ to 
be rare, jXnadar (jindir)^ i 
to make a vow. j^li nddir^ 
seldom, rare, .jil' nddra, 
incident, rare thing, story, 
anecdote, pi. j^\y nawddir. 
jjj nadr, vow, jaZ. j^jJ 
nud&r; '^cjXnadr "^alayja, 
I make a vow. 
e.-j; ( «Ji:j)nad(ia',to drop(water, 
etc.); f-J^i U'Jl ecJ dinja 
bitnadda', it drizzles. acjJ 
nid'a, drop, pZ. c-a; nida\ 
or >l.\cJJ nid^dt. 
c-x {i- X)_)naclag(jundug),seekJu 
^}x nadl, see aIIj; <^H 

fX ( fjii ) nidim (jindam),OT 


itnaddim^ to regret. 

repent. ^X naddim^io cause 
to regret or repent. *jl; 
nddim, or JiiXnadmdn, or 
»ju:«m iZ 71 acZf/im, repentant; 
(^jUjj jSj walad nadmdn, a 
good-for-nothing boy. a-U; 
fiaddwa, regret, repentance, 




remorse; a*Ijl;1 ja naddma, 
what a pity! (women's talk). 
♦Jii" ( .Jij ) nadah ( jindah), to 
call or cry out ; *»jj| inda- 
hoh, or 4 ,x\ indah loh, 
call him I ,jd' nadh, act of 
crying out. A»Ai nadha, a 
cv^,pl. oUjj nadhdt. 
*J)X nudulyja^ see aIU; 
•i-^ nadwa, cotton worm. 


*^"^'(<^-'^-l) nadda {jinaddy ),to 
cause to be damp.;5jl>idcZa, 

to call or cry out ; a1 jl; 
nddy loh, or aJc .si; nddy 
'alih, call him in a loud 
voice I J^■^^^^ ^3^^:>. bynddu 
^alal 'Ss, they hawk bread, 
cf juil itnadda, to be wet. 

(^Jl:. munaddy, or ^^JUi. 
mitnaddy, wet. IjJ nada, 
dew. c^ili. munddy, public 
crier, crier who goes round 

during flood to announce 
the daily rise of the Nile, pi. 
Alii:* munadyja. *ii\:, mti- 

nadyja, act of calling or 
crying out, hawking. 

(CJb nadym, companion, asso- 
ciate, friend, pl,\^Xnudama. 

jX .jlW {jjci) ansar {jinzir), 
to warn, reprimand. j\J:\ 
m^'dr, warning, reprimand, 
pi. wljlJJl insardt. 
^^J nargis, narcissus plant. 
y {yo^)nas3{jiniz3), to ooze, 
leak out,grumbIe.jj:na^^a^, 
infiltration water. 

f'\y nud\ see 9-y 

r'j ^ r-^- ) ^^'''^^ ( j^n^(^fy ), to 

drain, bale. ^jUJl ilnasah, 
to be drained, baled. ^jjU 
mamdh, drained, baled, 
^y nash, act of draining, 
baling. ^\'y na^^-d/i, night- 
man, pi. aj'"'j' namsahyn. 

J .; nasas , see j 

f-^ ( ^J^! ) ^^'^^' {jinza' ), to 
strip, remove, c-jli nci^T, to 
dispute, be in the agony of 
death. «-j;'1 itna30.\ or «.j"vil 
intasa', to be stripped, 
removed. fyLM itndzi\ to 
have a dispute with, c^ jji. 
mon^^', stripped, removed. 


• ^A 

c.y nas\ act of stripping^ 
removing ; a^I 9--J naz" el 

malakyja, expropriation 
(of land). f-\y nisd\dispute, 

agony of death. *.^j\i» 
mundz'^a^ dispute, pZ.^iilcjb* 
i}'}{^yi) nizil (jinsil), to 
descend, alight, dismount^ 
be reduced; .^1 Jl:p J^ 
nizil 'andahAh^ he stayed 
in his brother's house ; ^}y 
U aSc nizil 'alih 'aja, he 
was taken ill. ^^ynazzil, to 
lower, cause to descend, 
or dismount, reduce,deduct; 
Aiij Jji nazzil daqnoh, he 

let his beard grow. Jjb" 
tandzal^OT f^jVs\ itndzil, to 
condescend, cede, abdicate. 
Jjii-I istanzil, to deduct. 
J J J)* nuzAl, act of descen- 
reducing; \iy nuz&l, 

indisposition, illness, pi. 

\j\y. nawdzil. 4j nazla, 

catarrh, cold in the head. 

pi. wVj>' nazldt ; ^\ i!j! 
nazlet el hagg, coming 
back of the pilgrims. Jjjril 

tanzyl^ act of lowering, 
causing to descend or dis- 
mount or be reduced. JjVi* 

tandzul, condescension, 
cession. J>» man^aZ,house, 
abode, pi. JjL. mandzil, 
45 ji. manzala, degree, posi- 
tion, respect, /)Z.oVji«ma/i_ 
zaldt. J J nuzul settlement, 
»'y ( ejo ) nazzih, to cause to 
recreate or divert one's self, 
take out for an airing. ,>*1 

itnazzih, to recreate or 
divert one's self,takea walk; 

\,j)\ j tj\'j y-\j rdh jitnaz- 
zih fy orobba, he went to 
enjoy himself in Europe. 4.»^' 
nuzha^ or ,yj tanazzuh, 
recreation, promenade, air- 
ing, enjoyment, p/.»j;/ia^a^. 
tSy nuzahy, one who is 
fond of pleasure, one who 
lives for amusement, pi. aj^J 
nuzahy ja. 




Jjji' nuxAl, see J j." 

<-jifj; ni^f//'_, hemorrhage^ loss of 

o^lJ nassdh, see i?^ 

4]Li nisdla, see JLi 

(^Li nassciy^see^^i 

s— 'i ( >^-^ ) nasa6 ( jinsib ), to 
attribute^ ascribe to ; a) ^-J 
v_.j,'CJ\ nasab loh el kidb, he 
accused him of lie. ^-Il 
ndsib, to be convenient, 
related to ; *i:; i__ 4..-I; 
ndsboh fy bintoh, he be- 
came his relative by his 
marriage to his daughter. 
k_-.It-. I istansib, to approve 
of, find convenient, w^-.:* 
mansdb^ attributed, ascri- 
bed to. k_^ nasab^ kinship, 
relationship. *^ nisba, 
relation, proportion. 4.-.b 
mundsba, proportion, fit- 
ness, aptitude ; *-.U jLjcf U 
ma tigibs nundsba, do not 
mention the subject 1 a^H 
limundsba, on account of. 
w^ nts«/6, relative, relation. 

brother-in-law, son-in-law^ 
pi. wi^-i nasdjib. ^ymx* 
mans{ib, attributed, ascri- 
bed to ; v-^^-:* mans&b, 
reduced level, gauge, pi. 
k^i-L manasyb. ..^-L-u 
suitable ; -u-U. ,j. mara 
mundsba, a pretty woman. 
'f^' ( ^Jj ) nasali {jinsoh or 
jusnub ), to copy out. if-j 
nassah,^ to cause to copy 
out. f>--:« mansdlj., copied 
out. 7^^) nasfi, act of copy- 
ing out, manuscript. Ai«iJ 
ntisbci'fSi copy, a manuscript, 
j)l. ^J nasals. ^U nassdh, 
or «.J nassyb, copying 
clerk, pi. tj<i-\-J nassahyn. 
y.-i « Jsr, eagle, joZ. j^J nusAr, 

or oj^-j nusCra. 
JJ ( J-i) nassilj to ravel out, 
fray. JJnc(i-i,act of ravelling 
out, fraying. *)L! nisdla, 
A.c^ nisma, sec^ 
j_^UJ nisnds^ monkey,/)^. ^"Li 



Ci\ yJi niswdn, see »j. 

j^J ( ^^_ ) nisy {jinsa), to for- 
get. ^y*.J nassa, to cause to 
forget. ~.:.mans?/,forgotten. 
^Miasy, or j^L-i nisydn, 
en nasy, 5 or 6 days in_ 
tercalated to the end of the 
Coptic calendar. (^Unasstty, 
iorgeUul, pl.^AJinassajyn. 
,_i-i nisybj see .^^; 
^^ nassyh, see i.-; 

xN-> n isym, or Ai^*n isma,breeze, 
zephyr ; ^-.i\ -i samm en 
nisym, general holiday 
usually spent in the fields 
(it falls on the Greek Eastern 

J-' (J^u)nass{jiniss), to drive 
away flies^ etc. ^ki.\namis, 
to revive, refresh. JLli.ul 
itnasnis, to be revived, 
refreshed. J^<»munasnis, 
revived, refreshed. ^^ nass^ 
act of driving away. Ailli 
nasnisa, revival, refresh- 

ment. Ai.'.. minassa^ fly- 
whisk, pi, oliu minasidt. 
Hi n isa, see ^.i; 

w.lii nassdb, arrow, pZ. o^tliJ 

J il-il naMdir, ammonia. 

•jl-ii n isdra, see ^.ij 

-is^i nasdt, see iaii 

<jV-i nassdf, and wU-i nasdfa, 
see ,_iiJ 

Jlii nassdlj see Ji; 
O^i nasdn, and j^ll; nasdngy, 
see ^i; 

(ijlli nasd tot/, novice (in Govern- 
ment service). 
^1) ( ^il) ) nasar (junsur), to 
spread out, make public, 
publish, promulgate, saw 
wood. ^11; I intasar^ to be 
spread out, made public, 
published, ^iiil itnasar, to 
be spread out, made public, 
published, promulgated, 
sawn. j^i:« ma/is^<r,spread 
out, made public, published, 
promulgated, sawn ; j^.i> 
mans&r, circular letter, pi. 



act of spreading out, sawing 
wood, publication, promul- 
gation, jli:* minsdr^ car- 
penter's saw, pi. jjil:. 
manasyr. jlij nassdr ,\\ood- 
sawyer,/)Z. ^^j^ nassaryn. 
.jVi; nisdra, saw-dust. 

Jaij (iai.u) nasiat, to encourage. 
Jalul tinassa^, to be encou- 
raged, ilii nas(i(, energy, 
alertness. L-ii nasyt, ener- 
getic, /)Z. Iki; nusata. 
«lj (»lu)nasa' (ymsa'),to infil- 
trate. »ii nasa\ infiltration. 

»_ij:i ( ^i.u ) n isif ( Jinsaf ), to 
dry up. wJi-ii nassif, to 
cause to dry up. .^iill ndsif, 
dry, hard ; vjLJ;\; J<^lj Mg^ii 
ndsjy, miser, stingy. i_iji.u 
tansyf, act of drying up ; 
ujuiju Jjj waraq tansyf, 
or tjUi jjj waraq nassdf, 
blotting-paper. AJ^.ij" n«sa- 
fyja^ or «LJj nasdfa, 
dryness. Ai-Lumansa /"a, bath 
towel, pi. ujiiU* mandsif. 

.-iil^; nawdsif^ dried meat, 
dried sweets. 

jii ( jiu ) nassaq, to give to 
snuff, jiul itnassaq, to 
snuff, jioi-l istansaq, to 
inhale, jjii; tansyq, act of 
snuffing, jllu-1 istinsdq^ 
inhalation, j^l; nus&q, 
snuff ( tobacco ). ^U] 
nasdsqy, seller of snuff, pi. 
A,_JiUi nasasqyja. 

Jii (. J-^J na.sai (jinsil)^ to lift 
up, save from drowning, 
piclc ( pockets ), steal. Jiul 
iinasal, to be lifted up, 
saved. J ^U mans^i, lifted 
up, saved. Ji' nail, act of 
lifting up, saving, picking 
pockets. Jlij nassdl^ pick- 
pocket, joi. j^jSLi; nassalyn. 

jii ( ^i^ ■) naisin, to aim. 
j)l±; nJ6'(i/i or na^n, aim, 
mark, target, pi. wlLi; 
nasandt. ^[li nasdn, or 
^ll»; nysdn^ order, decora- 
tion, pi. >ililij nasandi, or 
C-liUii nykindt, or jj-iL; 




najasyn. ^\li nasdngy^ 
marksman, pL -usilii nasan- 


o^ii nusufyj<x,see ^H 
J^d; nusuq, see jij 

cr' ((/4) "^'''^ (jinsy), or 
li;!ansa,to construct.renew. 
^^i) nassa, to starch ( linen). 
^J,c^\ itnasa, to be construc- 
ted, renewed. ^^\ itnassa, 
to be starched. J^i ndsy, 
resulting from. ^Ji'iJ> mansy, 
constructed, renewed. ^JJJ> 
mf/iaist/, starched. \ii\ insa, 
construction, renewal. \lj 
n isa, starch. 
Jijij nasyt, see Jaii 

o^ nass, exact text, pi. ^^^^^ 

t)^ nuss, one half, middle, pi. 
^\.ai\ansds; ^ ic\^\ es sd'a 
nuss, it is half past twelve ; 
^^jj^ma'aks kam nuss, 
have you not got a few 
piastres ? JJt ^/^ nuss el 
Ul, midniglit, 
w^ ( ,^-!:i ) nasah ( junsuh ), to 

erect, fix, swindle; 4v;i^l 1^^; 
nasabu el hSma,ihey pitch- 
ed the tent; a.Jc c^i.^^nasabet 
^alSh, she swindled him.^^-ai 
nassab, to appoint to a high 
post. w"^;;l itnasab, to be 
erected, fixed, swindled. 
,^.tf::| itnassab, to be ap- 
pointed, ^ytu mansdb, 
erected, fixed. ^-a:4 ma nas- 
sa&, appointed. ^^nas&,act 
of erecting,flxing,s\vindling. 
^'>\^\ A.^> nasbet el kawa- 
nyn, range of fire-places (for 
cooking purposes ), ^'j^^ 
tansyb, act of appointing to 
a high post. ^_,-»:. mansab, 
office, rank, post, pi. ^Ait 
mandsib. wl^i njsd6,handle 
(_of a tool), pi. A^-sil ansiba, 
sv^indler , pi ci<i\^i nassabyn. 
^.^luinasyb or n js{/6,portion, 
share, fate; _,i-:i l»ya nasyb, 
's^ ( ^;. ) nasah (Jinsah), to 
advise, be in good health. 




^'Z\ itnasah, to be advised. 
rj-A» mans^dhj advised. «:;*' 
nush, act of advising, to^^ 
nasyha, advice^ counsel^ pi. 
^Lai nasdjih, ^\; ndsih, 
healthy, intelligent. 
^^i( j.ah ) nasar (junsur), to 
give victory, ^i nassar, to 
baptize, make one Christian. 
jui-J\ itnasar, to be victo- 
rious. jA-j\ itnassar^ to be 
baptized, j^-a:. mansAr, 
victorious, pl.jijj^-.' man- 
suryn. j.a'.u mitnassar^ 
baptized. ^^ nasr^ or j\.^'i\ 
intisdr, victory, triumph. 
j^::> tan.^yr^ baptism, pi. 
Christian, pi. c^jUi nasdra. 
^:. mansar, band of bri- 
gands, pi. j^\i. mandsir. 

,_^uai nasyb, see s^^ 

i^ nasylia, see ^^ 

»jUi nadddra, soo jki 

wJ-ii ( ^ii-j ) /uV./t/" ( jinilaf ), to 
be clean. ^_i^ naddaf, to 
cleanse, purify. v_iJ::T I iVna'./. 

da/, to be cleaned. 
tandyfj act of cleaning, olij 
naddfa, cleanliness. ^-JJ 
nidyf,c\eanjpl. eJ\-ii nuddf. 

Jai (Ja:.) na(( (junutt), to jump, 
leap, skip, copulate; i^ijl:, 
ddr Junutt^ he roamed, he 
prowled about. Lkmattat ^to 
cause to jump, leap, skip, or 
copulate, jolt, iai natt, act of 
jumping, leaping. 4kina{(a, 
a jump, a leap, pi. oiki 
7ia^^(J^. i»UaJ nftftd?, restless, 
one who constantly moves 
about, pickpocket, pi. ^U^ 
J^W nattdl, see JJ»i 

*^ ( ;«.k:j ) na(a/i (Jintah)^ to 
strike with the horns or the 
head. «k::l itnatah^ to be 
struck. ^1:11 itndtih, to 
strike one another. r>i»:* 
mantAh, struck. ^ natji, 
act of striking with the 
horns or the head.4^na(/wt, 
a blow with the horns or 
lh(^ head, pi c\^ nathdl. 



^liaj nattdh^ animal which 
strikes with the horns. 

jUi natar, see ^k. 
j^jjLi natrduy or (:}j_;I»l atrAn, 

Ai naf , see ^^> 
jki ( jl»:i ) natog ( Jintaq ), to 
to lift, raise up. jk-J\itnataq, 
to be pronounced, spoken. 
jk:;l itnaftaq, to fae lifted, 
raised up. jk.u-1 istantaq, 
to interrogate, examine, 
vomit, jkl' ndtiq^ articulate;\lij[z^=>kitdba ndtqa^le- 
gible writing. j^, 
pronounced, spoken ; \)M-\ 
A.;UJ J^' ahadu mant{iq 
lisdnohj they took down his 
evidence. jynM(g,orjk:.nian- 
taq, pronunciation, speech. 
jJaiT tantyq, act of lifting^ 
raising up. jlk:u.l istintdq^ 
act of interrogating, vomi- 
ting. A..\:4ki. mdntaqndma^ 
verbal declaration, confes- 
sion, evidence. 

Jki( Jki ) natal {juntul), to 
lift water by means of a 
nattdl, Jlki nattdl, water- 
lifting instrument worked 
by two men. 

JkJ ni(i7, good, useful. 
A.p^L) nutu^yja, inexperience, ig- 
norance, rudeness. »k) naf, 
inexperienced, ignorant , 
rude, pi, ic^ nutd^a. 

.Ik) nizdm, see Jii 

^( JkXi)nasar{jun::ur),oT \ 
jJiinaf/ar,tosee, consider;yi U 
ii\A\ j jk:^ huwa hijunzur 
fil masdla^he considers the 
case, he examines the case. 
jk-Jl intazar^ or Jkil-I 
istanzar, to wait for, ex- 
pect, j^:. manzAr^ seen, 
foreseen, expected ; j^k:* 
.j^-i»- manzAr huclAroh ,he 
is expected to be here, jki 
na^'a r,sight,vision, favour, 
evil-eye, pi. jlkJl anzdr ; 
iljlkJI^^ l;l ana iahtanzd- 
rak,\ am under your orders, 
I am yoviv proUg6 ;^fi 1^ 




nazaran Zi/cdn^considering 
that, on account of. .^ki 
nazra, a glance, a look, 
pi, z>\p, nasrdt. jiil" 
jiAsir, minister^ director, 
superintendent, overseer, 

mahatta, station-master; 
»jllij nizdra, ministry, 
direction, superintendence, 
pi. oljllii nizardt. »jV-ii 
naddd ra^ spectacles, opera- 
glass, telescope, pi. Ji-ljUi 
maker or seller of spectacles, 
etc. j.^lii nazyr, equivalent, 
similar, the same as ; U >!..-; 
jjlii J-^ bH ma Ui.s nazyr J a 
matchless house. Jk:> man- 
zar, sight, view^, spectacle, 
pi. jtU. mandzir .J^»min- 
^■dr, speculum, jlli.:; I in t izdr, 
expectation, waiting. 
Jk) na^'Z{/,delicate gentlemanly, 

Jii( Jij ) nazam (jinzim or 
junzarn ) or nazzam, to 

arrange, put in order, orga- 
nize. Jiil intazam, or kJl 
itnazam or itnazzam, to 
be arranged, put in order, 
organized *^!i:.man5'?!Jm, or 
Jii:. muntazim, or Ji:;. 
mitnazzam, arranged, put 
in order, organized;4j^.4it?' 
tabija manzAma, a well 
prepared food.^kJ tanzym, 
arrangement, act of putting 
in order,organization; icdwa* 
Ji:;!\ maslahet et tanzym ^ 
road and building depart- 
ment ; -!iJ\ Ja^ halt et tan- 
zym^ alignment. *\lii nizdm, 
or *lk:;l intizdm, order, 
regularity; *\i:^fLs-'asdkir 
nizdm,reg\i\ar troops;C)y^^ 
ij\\l^\ el qanCm en nizdm y, 
or,^L'yi (jyljH elqanCin el 
asdsy, organic law. *..\:.llij 
nizamndma, statute. 

jjki nazyr, see jki 
dHJiina^t/Zf,* delicate, tender. 

,jU na^dra, son _,.j 

A) na'^dm, ostriches, sg. a«U 




na'dma, pi. vLUU na''amdt. 
A.^ na'ga^ ewe, pl.zJ^ na'gdt; 
^£^^y^■\Jrdgil na'f/a,a weak- 
minded man, a submissive 

J*' {j*h) ^cL^^ci^, to croak, make 
a rough sound(like that of a 
working water-wheel). jrj«;; 
tan^yr^ act of croaking, 
making a rough sound, jk^ 
ni'yr, croaking, rough 
sound. ,j\^ na^'dra, humm- 
ing top, pi. ^ijU na'^'^ardt, 
or j<.cl«s na^a^yr. 
^•i ((_p.:i) ni'is (Jin'as), to be 
drowsy, sleepy. ^_^i na'as, 
drowsiness, sleepiness. j^jUni 
na^sdn, drowsy, sleepy, pi. 
ijji'l-.) na'^sanyn. 
,J^) ( Jl.«j) na^a.s (jinHs), sec J.:^i 
(3"' ij'^iJnci'^O'QO' in'aq) ,\,o bleat. 

j.;io nVyq, act of bleating. 

J"^ ( J**:) 'ifi'tt^ ( jinal), see ^^J 

J»i naH, sandal, sole of shoe, 

sole of foot, horse-shoe, pi. 

JUi ntdl. 

-i ( o ) niHm ( jinam ) to be 

smoth. jina'^am, to smooth. 
,.i| an am, to confer upon, 
bestow, ol itna''''am, to 

r J 

enjoy life, luxuriate, lead a I 
life of pleasure *l.ilm'dm,or ' 
-u.Uiltn'am(/ya, gift, present, 
mercy, pi. C.UUI in^arndt, 
or , in^amyjdt, ^ 
na'ym, paradise, jj na^am, 
yes! I beg your pardon! <u^ 
ni^ma, blessing, gift^pZ. Ai 
na^djim, or « mVam; iS-^iy^ 
l^ill^"! 4-i*^'l /laoja Jiddy en 
ni^ma istihqdqha^ he is 
aware of his own dignity, 
c-l; nd'im^ smooth, soft.*. ^.; 
nu^dma, or 4...^.; nu^umyja, 
smoothness, softness, 

f-liij ni^nd", mint (plant). 

JL:»i f J:^o) na^nis, or J:,; ria'as, 
to refresh, revive. jL;»:il 
itna^nis, to be refreshed, | 
revived. JL:.:. mana'n is, or 
^:M:umitna''nis, refreshed, 
revived, ^.i. mu/iHs, re- 
freshing, 4,i:«; na'nisa, re- 
freshment, revival. 



see .; 

^»i n lyr, see j>^ 

^iti na'ym, sec «; 

;;i ( ji:. ) naga^ {juncjaz ), to 
prick. j<l naggaj^ to prick 
repeatedly. yJ\ itnaga;:, to 
be pricked. J^;;. mangu^, 
pricked, j;; nags^ act of 
pricking. ,j^nag2a,B. prick, 
pZ. ^Ij;; nagzdt. 
*iii n ig'sa, see JLil; 
jL».ii ( J:*.ii: ) nagmis, or j-ji" 
naqrccs, to ornament, en- 
grave, paint witii many 
colours. J.*m:j> munagmis, 
ornamented, painted, en- 
graved. 4.±».« nagmisa, or 
A-iySi naqraia, ornamenta- 
tion, painting, engraving. 

i_i; ( li:.) naff {j in iff), io blow 
the nose. v_ii; naffif,\.o cause 
to blow the nose.._i:iJ /ia/"n if 
to sniff. ^naff,aci of blow- 
ing the nose. 4'ii naffa, or 
^U; /Hyd^mucus of the nose. 

<^jli; naffddy, see ji" 

^J.i'> nifds, state of woman in 
child-bed, woman's deli- 
very. Li; nafasa, woman in 
child-bed, pZ.wLi' nafasdt. 

ijt." nifdf,seeUi; 

j\^' nifdq, see j»l; 

o^*' na/'cttoa,andAiU;niyfiya,seej; 
^ ( ^;j ) nafad, ( junfuh), to 
blow wind, swell, inflate, 
puff. ^ naffa/}, to blow or 
puff repeatedly, jij* I iina/a^, 
to be blown, inflated, swol- 
len, conceited. ^y;.man/'ri/j, 
blown, inflated, swollen, 
conceited. ^ naff}^ act of 
puffing. Aii" naf/ja, gust of 
wind, puff, conceit, ^U;* 
munfd/j^ bellows, pi. ■J\:, 
of the head. 
Ji; { j^-^i) nafad {j in fid), to 
penetrate, escape; *«U\j. jiiJ 
nafad min el 'alqa^ he 
escaped the punishment. JiiJ 
nafjid^ to cause to penetrate 



or escape^ pierce. Ji\:>nAfld, 
penetrating, escaping ; Aikp 

"atfa naffddy, lane which 
opens into another. sJ-J 
tanfyd, act of causing to 
penetrate or escape. Jii. 
manfad, opening, outlet, 
passage, pi. aib mandfid. 

/' ( j'K ) nafar (junfur), to 
have aversion to, project, 
swell, y, naffar, to cause to 
have aversion to. yl; ndfir^ 
erect, projecting, swollen. 
j^ nafdr^ wild, savage. 
jj^ nuf&r, aversion, pro- 
jection, swelling. 

Ja nafar, person, individual, 
labourer, private soldier, pi. 
jliji an/dr ; icji\ jUil anfdr 
el qur'a, recruits. 
tr'' C w'^ ) 'T'C'ff^s, to let wind 
pass through. ^LxA itnaffis, 
to breathe, respire ; ?• jl 
^j.ii;! ii'a titnaffts, do not 
breathe! hold your tongue 1 
j_^j\ji itndfls, to be on bad 

terms with another. ^LJ 
ianaffus, respiration, ^ii 
nafas, breath ; ^^jU-^ ^' 
na/as (ia6/?(tn,puff of tobac- 
co ; ^i! >1 Je ^__j:r 9'^"''^ 
'aZa (l^iV nafas, he ran as 
fast as his legs could carry 
him, he ran at full speed ; U 
A^i> ■tlammasamm nafasoh, 
when he become stronger. 
j_^i-.. manfas, ventilator, /)i. 
^^V'Tnandfis. a-jI:. mundf- 
sa, enmity, disagreement. 
(j..i; nafys, precious . ^i;' 
anfas, more precious. jLii 
nafsdny, selfish. 
^iJ nafs, soul, self, same, per- 
son, appetite, p^^_;.ii I anfus; 
^^ii III ana nafsy, or ^.^^ l;| 
ana binafsy, I myself; ^u 
Jo-IJI nafs er rdgil, the 
same man ; ^j^'^\ ^cj^ 
naharyha bin nafs, the 
same day ; ^a-li" j ^^.^* nafsy 
fy t iffdlia, I desire an apple; 
jj-i; JLJ U ma Zys na/'s, or U 
^j^u Jjxs-ma 'andys nafs. 



I have no appetite ; jvi- ^»^^ 
^iJcallimny min g6r nafs, 
he talked sullenly to me ; 
^u\ \^i- Ijamas tin f us, five 
persons ; k^u ^' j > IjJ J«^ 
''amal keda min nafsoh, 
or A^i; lilJ J. IjS^J*^ ^amal 
keda min tilqa nafsoh^ he 
did this by his own right or 
on his own initiative; Juj 
A-i." bijdkul nafsohj he is 
gnawing his heart ; A-ii J:» 
qatal nafsoh, he committed 

Lil nafasa, see ^^U; 
jLi; nafsdny, see ^^ai' 

jLi; ( J.ij ) na/as f j in/is ;, to 
prick the feathers, swell, be 
swollen. J:i:;l itnafas, to be 
pricked, swollen, ^^y:• 
manfCis, priclied_, swollen. 
JLi na/'s, act of pricking the 
feathers, swelling ; J.ii 
'afs nafs, useless things, 
old furniture. 

^i; ( jak-^_ ) nafail (junfwl), to 
shake off; ^\^e- A-i" nafadoh 



'asdja, he gave him a 
blow with a stick. ^^ 
naffad,io dust, clean, brush. 
j^i::l itnafad, to be shaken, 
tremble. Jaki:A itnaffad, to 
be dusted, cleaned, brushed, 
(jii:. munaffad, dusted, 
cleaned, brushed ; ^i:. ^^o- 
gihy munaffad,! have not a 
penny about me;^i;i«A:-jb^^o/i 
munaffad, there is nothing 
in his house ; xJiL:. z^>€^\jM 
eddinja kdnet munaffada, 
there was no one there, ^u 
nafd, act of shaking off. 
ja.M tanfyd, act of dusting, 
cleaning, brushing. 4-ii;. 
manfada, ash-tray, pi. 
jjdiU* mCindfid. 
' (^i j) nafd, ovLilnaft (:s6t), 

; ( ,i:. ) nafa (Jin fa* ), to 
profit, be of use ; viA«ii Ij IjJl 
ed dawa dajinfa'ak, this 
medicine will do you good. 
i.i:;l intafa\ or *i;:-l istan- 
fa\ to gain, profit by. ^ 



nafa\ or *«> manfa'a, or 
p-U:v-l isiinfd', utility, ad- 
vantage, profit, use, pi. vU. 
mandfi^ ; ^::,ju\\ >jl:. mandfl^ 
el hit, dependencies of a 
Iiouse. «jl; ndfl\ useful. 

*2ii nafaqa, expense, alimony, 

jy! nufdr, see _,«; 
j; ( j:.) nafa (jinfy), to 
expel, banish, exile, deny. 
uri itnafa, to be expelled, 
banished, exiled, denied. |_^i:4 
manfy, expelled, banished, 
ji; nafy, expulsion, trans- 
portation, banishment,nega- 
tion.k:^man/'a, place of exile. 
AjUi nifdja, or »jUi nafdwa, 
poor, miserable, wretched. 

j(A>nifyr, trumpet, pi. wl^ii 

^}> ( ji; ) nagg ( junuqq), to 
murmur, grumble, j:!" 
naqnaq, to eat slowly, de- 
licately or sparingly, ji 
naqq, murmur, grumbling. 
*4u; naqnaqa, act of eating 

slowly, delicately or spar_ 

li" naqa, or ly nawa, stones 
of fruits, sg. 4.U; naqdja, 
or 4jly nawdja, pi. oUi 
naqajdt, or oUy nawajdt. 
4jjU; nuqqaryja, see jSJ 
' II; naqqds, see JLSJ 
JUi naqqdly, see J2! 
, ^lai nagt^ijoa, seej; 
^2' ( w2-i ) naqab ( junqub), to 
bore a hole. ^y:« manq{ib, 
bored, ^..^j; nag6, act of 
boring a hole. 
^«; 7iag&, see ^«1 
^ ( ^S:. ) naga/i (jinqah ), or 
^s; naqaf\ to strike, hit. 
TcS; naqqah, to strike or hit 
repeatedly. ^:;| itnaqah, to 
be struck, hit. f' naqh, act 
of striking, hitting, t^ naq- 
ha^ovAiil naqfa,8i stroke, joi. 
oU^' naqhdt fiT cXi'anaqfdt; 
^.. iis; naqfet hit, such a 
fine house I *ilc lai naqfet 
"alqa, such a good lickingl 
Xi' {sLiJ naqad (junqud) often 




pronounced ^:; naqad^ to 
choose carefully, ^y:, man- 
qAd, chosen carefully. Ji 
naqd, act of choosing care- 
4jja; naqdyja, or i^al niiqlxd, 
cash, money. 1^2: «»jjl eZ da/' 
naqdan, ready money. 
^2; ( jS:i ) naqar { Junqu r ), to 
knock, pierce, peck at, copu- 
late. j2; naqqar, to knock 
or peck at repeatedly. j\'' 
ndqir, or Ij JlJl itndqir 
wayja, to quarrel with. yJl 
itnaqar^ to be pierced, 
pecked. ^^2:, mang^<r, pier- 
ced, pecked. _,2; naqr^ act of 
knocking, piercings pecking 
at, copulation. ,ju naqra, a 
knock, 'a hit with the beak, 
pi. Olj2; naqrdt. ,j]nuqra, 
liollow, cavity, pi. jii naqar. 
jva.' niqyr,or»j\:' mundqra, 
quarrel, joi.olylu munaq- 
rdt. j\i:> minqdr, beak of 
bird, nose, chisel, pi. jwU* 
manaqyr. J[:. mundqir , 

quarrelsome, pi. jiyb mu- 
naqryn. 4jjl2; nuqqaryja, 
kettle-drum, pA. c>\j\m 
d^jj^ naqrazdn, small drum. 

o"^' C o"?^). ) naqras, see JL*Jo 
j,2; naqs , branch of tree strip- 
ped of its leaves, pi. jyi 
nuqds, or »J^; nuqO,sa. 
^2; ( jLii, ) naqas (junqus), to 
paint, engrave, ornament ; 
v_,l^ JL2; naqas gawdb, he 
wrote a letter carefully ; JL2; 
xi-naqas f}itni,he cut a seal. 
J:a;7l itnaqas, to be painted, 
engraved, ornamented. J;, ^:« 
manqHs, painted,engraved, 
ornamented. ji.2ina(]rs, paint- 
ing, design,engraving,orna- 
ment,pl.J. ^nuqus,or zXi- y> 
nuqusdt. j,lii na<7<7(J*", pain- 
ter (of walls,etc.),engraver, 
sculptor,/)/. aj-U; naqqasyn. 

^2i(^2j) niqis (jinquii), to 
diminish, decrease, become 
less, j^j; naqi/a.-;, to sub- 
tract, reduce, ^l' ndqis^ 




deficient, imperfect^ incom- 
plete; t)*5l' J^lj rdgil ndqis, 
an ungrateful m^n.^jaZnaqs, 
or i^\^'u nuqsdn, deficiency, 
decrease, reduction, defect. 
^Je..p tanqys, reduction, 
subtraction., *^»U« mundqsa, 
adjudication, pi. ^il-alU. 
munaqsdt . 
^a ( ^4:1 ) naqad (junqud), to 
demolish, refute.^sl; ndqid, 
to contradict. jaX naqd, 
demolition, refutation. *iiU. 
mtmdqda, contradiction,pZ. 
vl,l-kiV:. munaqddt. ^b;i 
anqdd, ruins, detritus. 
laS; ( JaS:) ) naqqat, to drop 
( liquids ), dot (letters), give 
presents or contributions to 
a bride.Jai:;! itnaqqat^iohQ 
dotted, given presents or 
contributions. 4.kj; nuqta, 
drop, dot, spot,beat,circuit, 
pi. iai nuqat ; 4k2; nuqta, 
present or contribution to a 
bride,/3Z. ^y\ nuqixt-^ ,iLsi\ b 
dd en nuqta, epilepsy. 

.2; ( .2:. ) naqa^ ( jinqa'' "), to 
soak,macerate.»«-'^ itnaqa\'^ 
to be soaked, macerated. 
(■ ^2:. man qu', soaked, mace- 
rated, infusion. .2; naq'^, 
act of soaking, macerating. 
«2;I.<.4 mustanqa", marsh, 
swamp, pZ.^Ui;!—. mustan- 

J2; ( J«:j ) naqal (jinqil or 
junqul ),io transfer, trans- 
port, remove, copy out. J* ^^ 
naqqalj to transfer, trans- 
port or remove one after the 
other, dictate. J2:;l itnaqal, 
to be transferred, transpor- 
ted, removed, copied out. J^Ji. 
ported, removed, copied out; 
aj ji-l Jc J ^2:* manqAl "alal 
liarbyja, he is transferred 
to the War Office. J2; naql, 
transfer, transport, removal, 
copying out. aJ-J; naqla, a 
transport,a transfer,/)/. O^ 
naqldt. 42; nuqla, method 
( to copy ), pi. J2; nuqal 



oVjS:. manquldt, personal 
property, movables. 4^5i. 
manqala,game played with 
72 small shells on a board 
of 12 holes, square. Jb; 
naqqdly, movable, ambula- 
tory.Ail:; nagg^Jto, stretcher. 
J2i nuql, dessert, dried fruit. 
Ji'> nuqaly, dessert seller, 
dry-fruit seller, pi. Us 
a! . «:! I ( i::. ) in iaqam(j in t iqim), 
to revenge. »\a:l\ intiqdm, 
or 4.*"" naqma, vengeance, 
calamity, pi ^\^; naqmdt. 
4S:i! naqnaqa, see j; 
i^'u nuq{ld,see ajJls; 
jjS . jy:"l ( jyrj ) itnaqwar, to 
mock,sneer at-.j^inagtwara, 
mockery,sneer.jl^«; niqwdr^ 
one who mocks or sneers. 
I»j2i' nnqM, see Iia; 
</ (c?h) "ft'/ga f jinaqqy ), to 
choose, select, pick up. j:; I 
itnaqqa^ to be chosen, 
selected, picked uj). ^« 
minaqqy, chosen, selected. 

picked up. a^sj tanqyja, act 
of choosing, selecting, pick- 
ing up. .jla; n a gtiuja, choice, 
^; n jgf/6, officer of a sih ; ^ 
o'y^Vl niqyb el asrdf, 
representative of 'aly. 
^2; niqyr, see _,2; 
jr-ST; ;i ikdh, see ^^ 
Ai^^t nJA'f^ya, revenge, malice. 
AAi na/c6a, misfortun9,calamity, 

pi. ^Vynakbdt. 
zS^ ( jio ) nakat ( junkut ), to 
lament, regret, change one's 
mind, empty ( bowl of 
smoking pipe ) ; ^--j^ -Au 
jio)j ^rt'a^Z Jihry we 
junkut^ he was in despair, 
ho bewailed. zS^nakkit, to 
criticise, make fun of. »:^"l 
itnCikat^io be emptied. o>x:4 
man A:6i,emptied. jX> n«/ci, 
act of emptying. ,iJc." tan_ 
A:t/f, criticism, witty or 
humorous sayings. a.:^=»I 
nukta, tit-bit, epigram, pi 
^*Ci niikal ; 4.:5j ^Ui /citdft 




nukta^ an excellent book 
.c:5C' |J^ ibn nukta^ or j5^ 
nukaty, witty, humorous^ 
pi, K^l nukatyja, -o'S^ 
nukkdta,in pieces^in atoms, 
in shreds. 

S' (^^') nakah {jinkah ), to 
copulate. 7-jX:. mankdh, 
copulated.?-!^ ni/c(t/i_, copu- 

jSj ( j$!^ ) nakkid, to cause to 
be miserable or unhappy ; 
Uic l^j.V nakkidu ^alina^ 
they made us unhappy. jSo"I 
itnakkid, to be miserable, 
unhappy. Jx:. minakkid^ or 
j-Ct. m iinttfe/eid^miserable, 
unhappy.aC /lOt/cad, misery, 

^ {_f^.)nakar (Jinkir ), or 
_^l ankar^orJjiHtnakkar, 
to deny, j^l inkdr, OT^\p 
nukrdn, denial. ^ ndkir, 
one who denies ; »JjjAl Ju 
ndkir el ma'^riif , or ^Jh\f\] 
ndkir el gimyl,ungrateM. 
ji^i f^ ndkir we nikyrA 

the two angels who inter- 
rogate the dead in the tomb- 
jf^) y\ iSj ^ humma saj 
ndkir we nikyr^ihey are 
always quarrelling. 

ij^ .,_^"l ((jivi) itnakas (jit- 
nikis), tohe upset, have a 
relapse, a.-.^ naksa, upset, 
relapse, pi. oLSC; naksdt. 

JL^( jLVi) nakas ( junkus ), to 
search, put in disorder. 
JL.O1 itnakas, to be put in 
disorder, j-f^'-* mankAs, in 
disorder, topsy-turvy; ,j«i 
^f^» sa'roh mankAs, his 
hair is dishevelled. JlC 
naks, search, disorder.^^ISS 
minkds, hoof-picker, pi. 
^JS[^'» manakys. 
ji { J^.) nammar* to give a 
number. jC" I iinammar, tobe 
given a number. j:'munam. 
mar, or J:-^ mitnammar, 
given a number. ,J nimra, 
number,numerical flgure,pi. 
jt nimar. j^ tanmyr, act 
of giving a number. 


ji nimr^ tiger, pi. j^c numAr, 
or tjji num&ra. 

iji . ij^\ ( ijri ) itnamrad, to 
become tyrannical ojC^'mii- 
^^^J. numrusy, seller of porcelain, 
pi. 4-.jU namdrsa. 

tji nimra* see y 
:>ij.namrud, sec ij. 
^J-inims, ichneumon, pi. ^/t 

^-c nimsa, or [J^\ j^L bildd en 
nimsa, Austria. j^jl-i nim- 
sdwy, Austrian, pi. AijU-c 

J^(J^. ) nammil, to be be- 
numbed. Jc" munammil, 
benumbed. Ji'' ianmyl, 

^inaml, ants, s</. a^c namto, 
meat-safe, pi. JU namdly, 
or z>\linamlyjdt. 

^ nawn«m,cannibal,cannibals. 

jf ninny,' [lupil of the eye. 
wl^; nahhdb, see k^^: 

jl^; nahdr^ day, daytime; lijl^\ 
en nahdr da^ today; U jl^ 
i3U» ki,:^' nahdr ma hunt 
hendk^ the day I was there; 
Ij-jl^: naharyha, that day, 
the same day. 

A.\^ nahdja^ see ^^ 

^{'{•^^.)nahab{jinhab), to 
rob, plunder, ^^"i itnahab, 
to be robbed, plundered.vj^ 
man/iw6, robbed, plundered. 
wl^fi. manhubdt, spoils, 
things pillaged. ^ na/i6, 
robbery, plunder, a^^^ ni/it/- 
ba, stolen article, wl^: 
nahhdb, robber, plunderer, 
pi. tjjilj; nahhabyn. 

^^ ( j^i^. ) nahag {jinhag), to 
be out of breath, pant, vli 
ndhig, one who is out of 
breath, panting. A^nahga, 
state of being out of breath, 

jljZ.jljiM (,Jif:-j) itnahhid, to 
sob, sigh. Si>\', ndhid, or 
\} JL»\:;l itndhid wayj'a, to 
argue or bargain willi. Jij^j 




tank yd, act of sobbing, 
sighing. tS^:.' tank yda^a sob, 
a sigh, pi. ol-Ajfi: tanhyddt. 
.ji»U« mundhda^ argument, 

jij; nw/icZ, woman's breast, pi. 
:i)^ nuhud, 

J.^ ( LTt'-: ) fi(^f^ci^ {jinhas ), to 
bite with the front teeth, 
gnaw. J:^; nahs,act of biting 
with the front teeth, gnawing. 

Jt^( (if^. ) nahhaq, to bray, j^: 
71 ihyq, or ^^.j:> tanhyq, bray. 
44^; nahqa, a bray, jl^; 
nahhdq, donkey which 

A^^: nah ma or nih ma, energy, 

j^fi ( j^f:.)?ia/itciag,to weep,sob. 
ii^^nahwaqa, aci of weep- 
ing, sobing. 

^.,; ( j^i ) na/ia (jinhy), to 
finish, complete ; la. aI in/iy 
6aga, have done 1 ^^^;1 anha, 
to complete, petition. ^'Jl 
intaha, or j^:tI itnaha, 
to befinished,completed.^.Ki. 

man/if/,flnished, completed. 
J,; nahu, act of finishing, 
completing. Aj\^ na/i(t/'a,end, 
extremity ; ajI(.J\j loiZ nahd- 
ja, and ol^i nahdjtoh^ at 
last, finally, the long and 
short of it. Jl^ nahdj, final. 

4».(; 'i ihyba, see ^_,p; 

^inihyq, seej^; 
^; /laio, storm on the sea. 
ly nawa, see Is; 

-ly nuwdh, see 9-^; 

jly nauwdr^ see jy 

Jl_jinatodZ, see Jl" 

A;y ndha, see v-ill 

*r^i ndta,* note, memorandum, 
pZ. oliy noidt. 

Jy niii?/, sailor, pZ. \Jynutyja. 

r'y ( r^*; ) ^oLuwah, to lament, 
wail. ^,J tanwyh, or ^ly 
nuwdhj or *a-lu mandha, 
lamentation, wailing. 
9-^; n^(/i, Noah ; ^-^ -».;- Ic ^^li^ 
Jiljlas ^ala sanat n{ih,it will 
be ready when the world 
comes to an end. 
jy {yy-i) nawwar, to light ; U. 



viJultf j^i rabbina jinauwar 
'al4k, or jy S^c'alik niir, 
bravo 1 well done I thanks I 
j^\itnauwar ,[.0 be lighted, 
j^. munauwar ,\\gh\.Qd.. y^^ 
tan wyr, act of giving lights 
enlightenment.jy niir, light, 
pi. j\y\anwAr.j\'ynauwdr, 
blossoms, sg. »j\ynauwAra, j 
pi. sL>\j\y nauwardt. jy» \ 
man war, sky-light, pi. jjU. 

-jy ndrag^ threshing-sledge, 

pi. r-jly nawdrig. 
,jy ntira, depilatory (unslacked 
lime ). 

tijyn{lt.ry,g\ps^,pl. jy nawar. 

Aiy ndsa^ fever, pi. oUy nosdt. 
f >( f>^. ) nauwoi, to change, 
alter, «-y.ll itnauwa\io be 
changed, altered, s-^u nxit- 
nauw;a', changed, altered; 
AtyU z>Vi.\ asjdl mitnau- 
wa'a, different articles, ^yj 
tanioy\ change, alteration. 
f-^nd', species, kind, sort,! 
pi. ^y\ anwd\ I 

tjji nd/lara, fountain, Jet d'eau, 

pi. Cj\Jy nofardt; 
ji^y ndfembar,' ^oyemher. 
Jji ndl, loom, pi. ^]\y\ anwdl. 
d)y or ^^jl; nawl&n* freight, 
f >■ ndm, see .\i 
yy nunu* small, tiny, baby. 
t5y ( {Si''i)nawa (jinwy),io 
intend, resolve, ci^ nauwa^ 
to mew (cat). (^j\i ndwy, 
intending. AJnt/ja, intention, 
conscience, pi. oU; nyjdt-^ 
AJ Jc dJ! (^jl; ndwy lak ^ala 
nyja, he means to do you 
harm; 4'"t; Jo J>-lj rdgil 
"ala nyjdioh^ a simple- 
minded man; kJS\ i.^- 
saldmet en nyja, good 
li no/, raw, uncooked, not 
baked, unripe; j ^}»■\J rdgil 
naj, a slow man, an 
undetermined man. 
A)\^' n ijdba^ see ^jlJ 
(^jU nijdzy, florist, 
li^: ( ^. ) nayja<s, to cause to 



be pleased, contented, iku'l 
itnayjaz, to be pleased, 
contented. Ji-i. munayjas, 
or ia^» mitnayja:; ^pleased , 
contented, ii^, tanyjyz, or 
iiL> nijds, or -itL; /i ijdsa^ 
pleasure, contentment, lu- 
xury, comfort. 

4- J najsa* any how ! never 
(ili.J nysdn, see ^zi 

Ai:? ni//a_, meat dried in the 

oi ( (ii-i ) nayjaq^ to bother, 
annoy. j^M iinayjag, to be 
bothered, annoyed, jii. 
mitnayjaq, bothered, an- 
noyed. juJ ton (/jt/g, bother, 
annoyance, iiz nyqa, 
different; asj J<^Ij rdgil 

nyqcij an original man. 

<iij n^fe, see i)\j 
jC; nikal* nickel. 

J^." ( Jji ) nayj'il, to dye with 
indigo, warp, colmatage. 
Jurl itnayjil^ to be dyed, 
warped. J^ munayjil, or 
J.i:. mitnayjil^ dyed, war- 
ped. 4^^ nj/to, indigo;^:; ^:»- 
g-ato/c ni/to, the devil take 
you 1 J.; nyl, Nile, flood 
time. J.; nj/Zt/, appertaining 
to the Nile or to the flood ; 
^}^> icj tir'a nyly, canal 
which receives water during 
the flood only. JoJ tanyjyl^ 
act of dyeing with indigo, 
warping, colmatage, 

a:.; n^na, mother, mamma. 

^ nyja, see tjy 



^ h or oh, his, him; *Ao j 
kitdboh, his book ; 4j^ 
daraboh, he struck him. U 
/i«, her, hers ; Iji^ 6^i/ia, 
her house ; 1^1:5 qatalha, he 
killed her; .j. l^?-l agmalha 
mara, the most beautiful 
woman; Ja-lj l/^l a^samha 
rdgil, the greatest man. y 
huwa, he ; y^l a/'o ovahu- 
wa, here he is! ykl ^\ eZ 
6^^ aho, here is the house 1 
yb\ ^i)i7-}j\ ctf^fy ililwaqt 
aho, I shall go this very 
momentl^*^ we huwa, viz., 
namely. J" ^i/ya, she ; J"! 
A:i.| ahyja uI}toh,here is his 
sister I oU Jl ahyja gdt, 
there she has come I * /mm, 
they, their, them ; \.* //r^m- 
ma, they ; ^\:^kitdbhum, 
their book; ^^*trab/ium, 
he struck lliem ; \j>-\j [>> 

humma rdhu,theY went; >l 
ahumm or ahumma, here 
they are! ^1 anhu, which? 
masc; ^^lan /i «/, which'?/'em ; 
.■^\ anhum or anhumma, 
which"? pi. 
V^ (^-:«t) ^<^& {jihyb), to fear, 
venerate.^lj;! m/id6,or^l^l 
ithdb, to be feared, venera- 
ted. ^\. muhdb, feared, 
venerated. *-jk h^ba, fear, 
veneration. ,_^^ muhyb, 
terrible, inspiring fear. 

zX>>hdt, bring! \> ajU hdtoh 
/lena, bring him here! oU 
J,; I dUc /id< 'alik enta, 
what about you? you are 
worse! wI;^aS oU hdt loh 
kitdb, bring him a book! 

JU (^Vp) M/a {jihdty),lo 
speak or shout incoherently, 
vociferate. o'Vj,. muhatyja, 
incoherent words or shrieks. 





^i^.r.) ^<^9 (Jif^yg ) , to be 
excited. ^j»/i a i/yigf, to excite. 
^U hdjig, excited, o^** 
/lajag'd/i, excitement,agita- 



tahyjyg, act of 

causing to be excited. 

(^il» hddy, see i^J^* 
J^ • j)^^{jy^.)i'ihO'Uwar,io ex- 
ceed the limits of propriety. 
jyftahawAr^act of exceed, 
ing the limits of propriety. 

\}^^((j^tr- ) hds{jihys ), to be 
noisy, excited, disturbed. 
j^jA-A hayjas, to cause to be 
noisy, excite, disturb. jjaiV* 
bed. 4.-i> h^sa, excitement, 
disturbance, tumult ; ^"A 
A-a-» \Jj!I laq^t ed dinja 
Msa,\ found a great excite- 
ment there. 
^U h&lik, see iHU 
^U ( Ciyifi ) hdn {juh^n ), to be 
easy, light ; aj^jJ dLU o^p 
juhdn ^alik tvlrahoh, will 
you have the heart to strike 

him? (j^» hauwin, to facili- 
tate ; bj i^j^j; .jC bukra 
jihauwin rabbina, we shall 
see to it tomorrow! i^)\,^\ 
ithdwin, to neglect. ^j_^> 
hayjin, or (ji,^» huwayjin, 
easy, light. ^_^l ah wan, 
easier, lighter.(:)jlj; tahdun, 

0^( a<«i)^<^«0'i^J/'0, to in- 
sult, maltreat. ^V^:! inhdn, 
or (j^j:! ithdn,to be insulted, 
maltreated. o^f* "^j'i/it^n, or 
t^jlji* m it hdn, insulted, mal- 
treated. AiUI ihdna, or aij» 
/i^na, insult, affront, mal- 

^^t'hdnim* lady, pZ. >l^» /la- 
wdnim. ^/I^» hawdnmy, 
appertaining to ladies, fit 
for ladies, delicate. 

i_jl* {ii[^)hdw id, to be moderate. 
jjl.f,. muhdwid, moderate. 

4\bhdfig, see r-U 
jjAil* hdjis, see ^^^U 

^* (w^) habb{Jihibb),io blow 



violently, explode; ^ yJ^W 
ji)\i^el kalb habb fil walad, 
the dog flew at the boy. ,_^ 
habbib, to soil with soot, do 
a thing badly or carelessly, 
copulate, ^^f habhab, to 
bark, ^^jil ithabbib, to be 
soiled, badly or carelessly 
done, copulated. ^^(.>ma/ia&, 
bib, or ^^p mithabbib, 
soiled, badly or carelessly 
done, copulated; Ij ^.^[\ J^l 
el walad el muhabbib da, 
this wretched boy! this 
accursed boy! ^4^ tahbyb, 
act of soiling, doing badly 
or carelessly, copulation. 
**» habba, blow, explosion, 
pi, oU habbdt.^y.i. hubAb, 
blowing of wind, blast of 
wind. v_.L* hibdb, soot; v_,U 
J<>lj!l hibdb el rdgil,s,Qx\xQ.\ 
organ in the male; Ja-^l ^L» 
\i hibdb el wahl da, this 
wretched man I ^^f^habhaba, 
J-* ( s.^ ) habad [jihbid ), to 

knock down; as)* oju* haba- 
doh 'alqa, he gave him a 
licking. Ju^l inhabad, 
or x,f\ ithabad, to be 
knocked diOwn.^ y^mahbdd, 
knocked down. a.» habd^ act 
of knocking down, .ju* 
habda, a knock down, pi. 
OlJ.» habddt, 

jy> (jy^)habar{juhbur), to rush 
at, attack; *^ juk wJ^\ ei 
/caZft habar fyh^ the dog 
flew at him. ,jy» habra^ an 
attack, pZ. ^Ij\» habrdt, 

jj* /tafor, lean meat. 
ijL»(JL.j.) /labas (jihbis), to 
rush suddenly at, grasp 
suddenly or violently. jL.» 
/i-afts, act of rushing sudden, 
ly at, grasping suddenly or 

\,to(J,^)habal(jikbil), to cmse 
to be silly, foolish. J^l 
inhabal^ or J.f I ithabal, to 
be silly, foolish. J^^ mah- 
biU, silly, foolish. jr» /tabaZ, 
or -JU habdla, silliness, 



foolishness. J-*la/i6aZ, silly, 
simpleton, foolish, pi. J.» 
huhl, or "Jkj> hubala, or,:)^ljk 
-^* ( ^t- ) hatt (jihitt ), to 
threaten, frighten. ^1 m- 
hatt^ to be threatened, 
frightened, z^ hatt, act of 
threatening, frightening. 4.:» 
hatta, a threat, a fright, pi. 
wl:* hattdt. 
ji» .jtji-l ( jvj;-j) istahtar^ to 
think lightly of, disdain. 
jl'^l tsii/ii!ctr, act of think- 
ing lightly of, disdain. 
dI:A (dli^) hatak {jihlik or 
juhtuk ), to disgrace, d^;! 
inhatak, or di:.^! ithatak, 
to be disgraced. iJ^ mah- 
tdk^disgraced. ^-^ hatyka, 
disgrace, pi. dijl> hatdjik. 
f^hatam, toothlessness. ^»l 
ah tarn, toothless, fem. lj» 
hatma, pi, A* hutm. 
ii^r.) ^'^99 ijihigg), to 
desert, emigrate. ^\%hdgig, 
• one who is desprting, emi- 

l^ /i iga, see ^^ 

o*l>? haggds, see ^^^^ 
cM haggdn,see ^ 
j^{ jy^,) hagar [ Juhgur), to 
desert, abandon. ^U hdgir, 
to emigrate, j^^f I inhagar, 
or _^j:l ithagar, to be 
deserted, abandoned. jy<^ 
mahgdr, deserted, aban- 
doned, j^ hagr, or ,J^\j^ 
/ui(/rdn, desertion, abandon. 
j».V^.mM/ici5'ir,emigrant, pi. 
(jij»-l^. muhdgryn. ,y-\, 
muhdgra^ emigration. *i- 
aj_^ sana hagryja, year of 
the Hijra. 

(jas? {^JAy'z)hagga^^ to say or do 
any thing nonsense. ^Ja9c^ 
tahgys, or^j^s? hagas, act 
of saying or doing any thing 
nonsense, nonsense, hum- 
bug; ^s? ^^kaldm hagas, 
bosh, trash, nonsense. J<>-lj 
^Ja.^ rdgil hagas, a worth- 
less man. ^Is? haggds, 




braggadocio, liar, pl_ i,J<^ 
haggdsa, or ij<-^\^haggasyn. 
>?( «c^ ) hagam (Jihgim), or 
scfXl ithaggim, to rush at, 
attack ; <Sc ^ hagam ^al^h, 
he rushed at him. a^^ 
hugllm, attacli, charge. 4.*.^ 
• hagma, an attack, pi. ^\^ 
• ^ (6'*«t) hag gin, to walk like 
a camol. f^^ hagyn, or 4.:.*? 
hagyiia, dromedary, pl.^ 
hign^ov oLs? hagyndt. ^U* 
haggdn, dromedary rider, 
pi. -uis? haggdna. 

^^hug{im, see s? 

o=? • J^'?^ ( tJ^A ) ithagga, to 
spell. ls?/i j^a ,oTAi\fh igdja , 
or Ajt.^ tahgyja, spelling ; 
U^l *-JJj=^ htirdf el higa^ 
letters of the alphabet. 

^ hagyn, see ^i£ 
!».» (s^) hadd {jihidd), or |.ji» 
hadanij to demolish. 3 a* 
haddid, to threaten, ji^l 
inhadd, or jif I iihadd, to 
be demolished. ijJi^. ma/i- 

diid, demolished. a» hadd^ 
or jji* hadad, or^A^ hadm, 
demolition. JuX^ tahdyd, 
jjij>/ia(iar,impunity, ^i^-lj 4.-jU 
jA* fulusoh rdhet hadar^ 
he spent his money uselessly. 
jA» /iticZr, hurl, pi. jIjl»I 
ahddr. j^Sb 4JU- sdqja 
hadyr^ water.power sdqja; 
j^A 4i^>.li. tahdna hadyr, 
water-power mill. 

-j>( ^Aj. ) hadam (jihdim ), 
see aa 

ijtX^hidma, garment, article of 
dress, pi. pji» huddm. 

i.\Sf> hudna, truce, armistice. 

AftA* hidhid, hupoo, pi. J.»lji* 

^S^|^{^S^yip) hada (jihdy), to 
guide, give a present. (^iU 
hdda,to give a present. tjJi^l 
inhada, or c5J-^l ithada, 
to be guided, given a pres- 
ent. <^JLj. maluly, guided, 
given a present. ,^^1* hddy, 
or (^A^ muhdy, one who 




guides, one who gives a 
jDresent. ij_s^ hidyja, pres- 
ent, joZ. l\J.hhdddja, 

(fjjt> {(S-i^r- ) ^^ ^'^^y ( c/'i'^tiot ), to be 
quiet, tranquil, calm down. 
(^ja hadda, to cause to be 
quiet, tranquil or calm, 
slacken speed; ij^ \»>haddy 
sirrak^do not be uneasy I 
(ijU hddy, quiet, tranquil, 
calm, jjift hiulA, quietness, 
tranquillity, calmness. 

ySt^hadyr,see jj.^ 

ijj,^hidyja,see t^A* 

|I» /i(ija, this. 

jl»(jip)/«a^-ar, to jest, joke. 
jll» hisdr^ jest, joke. 

drop, leak, relieve nature. 
^ /larr, act of flowing, 
droppingjleaking, relieving 

4.-l__,» harrdsa, see ^^^.j* 

Vj* ( vjt: ) harah (jihrab ), to 
escape, desert, ^'j^harrah, 
to cause to escape or desert, 
smuggle. wjf» muharrabj 

or y^jf^mitharrab, smug- 
gled, s^ijf. tah ryb, act of 
causing to escape,deserting, 
smuggling. v-Jj* hur{ib, 
escape,desertion. ^\jk har- 
Mn, deserter, fugitive, pi, 
t^jrjiljik harbanyn. 

ju J* ( j.j^ ) harbid, to tear to 

pieces. J.^^! itharbid, to be j 
torn. Ji;_,f. muharbid, torn. 
iXjt.harbida,aci of tearing 
to pieces. 
,i)i_,«. hardabast, in disorder, 
topsy turvy : c-ij^j* ^^ 
nds /iar(iabas^,the masses, 
the plebians. 

LTJ" ( lTj'^ ) '^^^^^ (jihris \ to 
crush, ^j^:! inharas, or 
^jjil ilharas, to be crushed. 
,_^jj^. mahrCs, crushed, 
jj-j* /lars, act of crushing. 
ut'j* Jy.'i u5abiJr harrds, 
or 4.-lj* harrdsa, street- 
roller. *..jjft harysa, kind 
of native sweets. 

u^j' ( j./<c ) /laras {juhrus ), to 
scratch. ^jU hdris^orJ-J^^ 




\ijithdriswayja, to sport 
or jest with. ji,j» liars, act 
of scratching; ,jlJ\ j. j» /lars 
ei 'idda, wear and tear of 
a machine. iJ-j^fmuhdrsa, 
act of sporting or jesting 

(3^j*( (i^Jt:) hartaq* to become 
heretic. *3i»j* hartaqa, 
heresy. J^j» hartdqy^ 
heretic, pi. i2i.lj» hardtqa. 
uO^^uCr-) harkin, to wear out, 
tear to pieces, ruin. ^j^\ 
itharkin, to be worn out, 
torn to pieces, ruined. jT^. 
muharkin, worn out, torn 
to pieces, ruined. 
A^^haram, pyramid, /)i, J_,fcl 
ahrdm ; oj;^l\ /.l^*l ahrdm 
el gyza, the pyramids of 

k_,jjft hurub, see ^j* 
t^j* ( (^jic ) ^'^^tt [jihry ), to 
wear out, use up . <ijf.M 
inhara^or (i_^l ithara, to 
be worn out, used up. c^j^ 
mahry, worn out, used up. ' 


(ij* /lary, act of wearing 
out, using up. 
A-.^j» harysa, see ^j* 

j* (jt;)^^** (ji/ii.?^'),to shake; 
Ajlii j» /la^'^- kitdfoh, he 
shrugged his shoulders, j^l 
inhazz, or y^\ it}iaz2,\o be 
shalien. j^j^. mahsuz^ 
shaleen. ^* hazz, act of 
shaking. ,_)» hazza, a 
shake, pZ. J:.lj» hazzdt. »^ 
mihazza, sieve, pi. ^\}f 

'j* (ly^) hazzd, or ^^ lj«=-l 
islahzd bi,\.o mcck,ridicule. 
\jf-'\ istihzd, mockery, 

Jj* . J^t^-l (.Jjrt) inhazal (jin- 
hizil), to be thin, poorly. 
J^jf. mahs'ul, or o"^^* 
/ia.s'/d;i,thin, poorly. 

Jja. /ia-ri, jest, joke. 

CJ" (f j;-:) ''^-^*"i [ jihsim ), to 
rout, defeat. *j^l inhazam, 
or ^jjil ithazam, to be 
routed, defeated, -^j^. ma/i- 
Jtim, routed, defeated. *£j» 





hazyma, or ^\y,\ inhisdm^ 

rout^ defeat. 

huss, hush! silence 1 

tr*(_rt:) '''^^^ [Jihiss)^ to drive 
away ( flies, etc. ). 

Llift ( dli..^ ) hassik, to dandle. 
diif I ithasslk, to be dan- 
dled, di.if tahsyk, act of 
-^(.1^") hasslm, to mutilate, 
break, smash, damage. .Lf\ 
ilhassinij to be mutilated, 
broken, smashed, damaged, 
^-if. muhassim, mutilated, 
broken, smashed, damaged. 
r.L^ tahsym^ act of mutila- 
ting, breaking, smashing, 

jr"^ nasmy, gigantic, enormous. 

-via. f ^vk^ ) hadam (jihdim or 
juhdum ), to digest ; I. \.;i 

hadamtis er rdgil da, I 
do not like this man. x.^^;! 
inhadam,or .■^^\ ithadam^ 
to be digested, c^i^f. mah- 
d{im, digested, .^x hadm, 

^* (ui^) haff (jih iff ),lo blow 

with the breath ; Jl. Jc ^* 
/ia/f 'ato MZf/, it flashed 

across my memory, it 

occurred to my mind ; 
^:i» Ji^ nafsy haffitny^ I 

longed for, I desired. 
^a,haff, act of blowing. 
Ai* haff a, a blow with the 
breath ; l^a. ii* haffet hawa, 
a gust of wind.^i^.ma/ia/fa, 

feather-duster, pi. cX-f. 
muhaffd t. 4.i» /i afyja,weak, 
feeble . 
Olu* /la/'idn, fainting, weak (from 

hunger, elc. ), pi. ^l\:i* 
^yifhafaq, or JVi« haffdqy, 
unsound, weak. Jli* <i!^akla 
haffdqy, a sorry meal. 
J* ( J^) hall (Jihill)^ to 
appear, be in sight ; Jl\ jj^H 
J^ es ^a^r illy Jih ill, next 
month. Jl» hallil, to hoot, 
vociferate. J^ift halhil, to 

upbraid, disgrace. JfV^I 





ithalhil^ to be upbraided, 
disgraced. J^i^* hildl, new 
moon. Jij,: tahlyl, or -Jjl* 
hallula, shouts^ vocifera- 
tion. 4.f^» halhila, upbraid- 
ing, disgrace. ^)^hilihly^ 
hilarious, jovial, happy-go- 
lucky, pi. aAj,U hilihlyja. 
^% hallds, see ^[» 

^J^ hilb, hooli^anchor, pi, ^^Ul 

-1^ /lai^a^i/perhaps, probably; 
< Z^St- halbatt jigy, or 
j^[, ^1)> hatha tt ma Jigy, 
he may come. 

(-r^*((_r^«: ) halUs, to jest, tell a 
lie, do or talk nonsense. 
^i>hals, nonsense, trifling; 
^» .^ kaldm hals, or ^^ 
^->l» kaldm halldsy, stuff 

and nonsense 

i» 4)U 

tnasdla /ta/«,a trifling case. 
jj-A^; tahlys, act of jesting, 
telling a lie,doing or talking 
nonsense. ^ ^l» hallds, liar, 
braggart, boastful, fl. 
^-.>l» hallasyn. 

ciiU ( dSL^ ) halak (Jihlik ), to 
destroy, cause to perish, 
cause to be exhausted with 
work, etc. ; Aia. ilU halak 
badanoh ,he paid him dearly, 
dlU hilik, to be destroyed, 
perish, be e.xhausted. ^^\ 
istahlik, to be worn out, 
consumed, used up. dUU 
hdlik, perishing, pi, j^^S^U 
halkyn, ^^it, halkdn, 
destroyed, perishing, worn 
out, exhausted, pi. ^,'^ 
halkanyii. iJi^» haldk, 
destruction, perishing, ex- 
haustion ; iJ^U ^\j rdgil 
haldk, or d^>^\ ^ ^ny,^ J^l^ 
rdgil Jihallik min eddihk, 
a funny man, a comical 
f(!llovv. iJ^l^-l istihldk^ 
consumption of produce, 
J^U hilihly,iicc ^t: 

u"^^ ( iT-'^i': ) haliois, to bo 
delirious, rave, talk uncon- 
sciously. A-jl* hahoisa, 
delirium, act of raving, 



talking unconsciously. 

ji^halldla, see J* 
f {^{)hamm(j ihimm),to rise^ 
interest; 4;^<ij i> hamm jid- 
raboh^he rose to strike him, 
he threatened to strike him; 
^^^^\ida jihimminy, this 
interests me. ^»l ihtamm, to 
take interest, ^^.muhtamm^ 
interested, anxious about. 
4.-»*| ahammyja^ interest, 
importance. ^ muhimm^ 
interesting^ important. /I 
ahamm, more interesting, 
more important. z\>>.» 
muhimmdt, necessaries, 
materials, articles, accou- 
trements. 1^ hamm, care, 
anxiety, pi. p»* humdm ; 
(*" J«r'j rcJ^-iZ hamm, a 
useless or worthless fellow. 
^\j*l ihtimdm, anxiety, 
forethought, a/* himma, 
energy, pi. /" himam. 
^ hum, or C* humma, see » 

Jui*(j*.*.^ ) himid ( jihmad ), to 
calm down, subside. a*U 

hdmid, or o'-'^''* hamddn, 
calm, quiet. .Ju"' hamda, 
calmness, quietness. 
j»^(^:.^)hamaz (jihmiz ), to 
spur. J_j.».f mahmuSj spur, 
pZ. jyl(.. mahamys. 

^if' (^v^) hamas (Jihmis ), to 
touch lightly. ^j-»^;lm/!amas, 
or j_y-»fl ithamas, to be 
touched. |_^** hams, act of 
touching. A^«* hamsa, a 
light touch, pZ. ol-.<* 

^iU* . jJL.j:l ( dl*.,:. ) inhamak 
(Jinhimik), to be engros- 
sed. ^}^^mahm^k,OT dU-j;. 
m inh im Z/f, engrossed. iJU^I 
inhimdk, entirely devoting 
one's self to a thing, zeal, 

J"* • ^*^\{^^)ahmal (jihmil), 
to neglect. Jl,»| ihmdl, 
negligence. J^^. muhmal, 
negligent, careless. 
l>/iena, here; l:»j;,.min hena^ 
this way! I:* ^;,.JL. j\jf 
humdr mils mia hena,s\xch 


a fine donkey 1 1:* ^j'Z.'-j z.>\ 
U» ^^« U ^»j enta ruht min 
hena we hiuca ga min 
hena^ no sooner you went 
away than he came. 
V.khana, see ^^s. 

iJ\> hendk^ there. a.-^CI;* hendk- 
hayjct, yonder. 
(Jl) a;*/u'n(/ ('eO, or Ail i^l 6r7(trf 
el hind, India, csa:.* hindy, 
Indian, pi. j^:* hunud, or 
».)jl:* handdwa, 

l;-u» /( indiba, chicory. 

ja:»(jj;.^) handi::, or ^a:* 
handis, lo arrange, put in 
order, act tlie architect or 
theengineer. js:f,\ithandiz, 
to be arranged, put in order; 
jjxfjj^} libis withandiz^ 
he dressed his best, jx^ 
muhandis, or jsi.^.mlt- 
handiz, arranged, put in 
order, jji:^. muhandis , or 
^s-^' muhandis, engineer, 
pi. oiJJUf. muhandizyni 
x.t,. muhandis 



mi'mdrtj, architect ; ^-^'-f 

J^J'SC. muhandis myka- 
nyky^ mechanical engineer; 
A;ljrji:j.ll i...jjL. madraset el 
muhand JsMna,Polytechnic 
school. ,jj:a handaza, or 
^^j.:%handasa, engineering, 
architecture ; ajj^JiII i-Ji;» 
handaset el mudyryja, 
office of the chief engineer of 
the provinces jla:»/i inddza, 
pic ( = 0. (iof) metre), joZ. 
OljJt;» hindasdt. 

*ji.;*(/.ji:y:) handim, to arrange, 
put in order. ^J^f] ithan- 
dim, to be arranged, i)ut in 
order. fJij.. muhandim, 
arranged, put in order. a^ji:* 
/lancZtma, arrangement, act 
of putting in order. 

jC:4.(jC:,-) hankar, to potter 
about. , jC> hankara, act of 
pottering about. 

a^* (t>vj;) hannin, to lull a child 

to sleep. 
^^» ( j^^-) /um/i« iJihanny), to 
congratulate, cause to bo 
ha[)py. |_^,:l ithanna, to be 



congratulated, made happy. 
jf» miihanny, happy. ^:^ 
tahnyja, congratulation, l* 
hana. happiness. u» hany.. 
Jan J or ^:il bilhana, may it 
do you good 1 (said to one 
who has eaten or drunk). 
_j» hnwa, see * 
|^*/iauja, see (^^* 
iCj\y^hauwdry, bedwin horse- 
man, pi. ,j\j» hauwAra. 

i.\^% hawdnmy, see /rU 

P^j* /laojag', impatience, nervous. 

ness/ thoughtlessness, r-j*! 

ahicag, impatient, nervous. 

r-i_,» hddag, palanquin, pi. ^-j'^* 


^y%{^^,^)hawas ( jlhwis ), to 
cause to be silly, mad, or 
foolish. |_^,j,;l inhawas, io 
be silly, mad, foolish, ^jy^' 
mahuiis, silly, mad, foolish, 
pi. (j<-^j(.' mahuO,syn. i^^ 
hawsa, silliness, madness, 

iS'i*'{^'^.)ho.uwil,io exaggerate. 
Jj^ tahwyl, exaggeration^ 

pl. ^>^:.rr t,ahwyl&t. 
J.}* (J* )'.^) h6l(ahul), see >J\ 
C))> h6n, mortar (for pounding), 

pl. o'^y^\ ahwdn. 
iSy" ( (Syr. ) ^(^i^cc ( j'ihwy ), to 
cause to be insane, fall down. 
(S'^» hauwa^ to fan, air, 
ventilate. iSjf\ inhawa, or 
iSy^\ ithawa, to be insane. 
tj'^^1 ithauwa, to be fan- 
ned, aired, ventilated, (i^ji-l 
istahwa, to catch cold, 
(^jj.. mahwy, insane, cj'^j., 
muhauwy, or ti^p mi^_ 
hauwy, aired, ventilated. 
(^^^-.» mis^a/iM;(/, one who 
has a cold, ^^f-l istihwa, 
act of catching cold, l^» 
hawa, air , wind, weather, 
atmosphere, musical march, 
pl. 4i^«»l ahwyja ; l^» ii^p-U. 
tahCcnet hawx, wind-mill; 
^s\y>' J*-b Mg'ii /iaw)ci(/,man 
of fits and starts, man of 
whims and fancies. 
^jj^^t.hawys, canal-lock, pi. o^»l 




jcy^huwa yj in , see o^ 
J hyja, see j* 

L* (L^.) hayjd, to prepare, 
treat well, flatter. V^Mthay. 
jd, to be prepared, treated 
well^ flattered. Lj.,mj</iayy(i^ 
or L,.:. mithayjd^ prepared, 
treated well, flattered. a1j» 
hajd or /i^a, form, type, 
shape, appearance, pi. oil.* 
hajdt-^ ii..i\iij-\a'rafoh bil 
hajd,\ know him by sight. 

4-» /?^6a, see ^U 

Cj^ hajagdn^ see r-l* 

j:.» ( JL./^) hayjis, to grow wild 
(trees, etc.). 

4-ajk hisa, see jj*U 

-til.* /i^r/a, excitement, noise, 
insurrectioa, cholera, epide- 
mic, pi. wli,-* heddt. 
^^i^hekal, temple, pi. J\»^ 
hajdkil ; (.Li<iJ$C* hikal 
Hddm, skeleton. 

(ji* hayjin^ see jl» 
zX^hajhdt, I wish it would I 


= u) 

) uje, and, while; ,,^\) ythawa 
we ali{lh,he and his brother; 
jCl I; I J toe ana M/cwZ, while 
I was eating ; aIiIj walldhi, 
by Godl iJ^jl '»l;^j wihjdt 
ab&k^ I swear by the life of 
your father! for your fa- 
ther's sake! js-iU^j z>'<^i ^1 
ana we enta wit qd(ly, let 

us botli go to the judge ! 
jy\} wabiir, or j^l babCir,* 
steam engine, pi. ^Ijy.'j 
waburdt,ov ji>_\y, bawabyr; 
L. jy\i wabCir mayja, 
water-works, steam pump; 
jjjb- 4$^- jyji twa Mr sikka 
had yd, railway engine, 
train; j^ jy\i wabdr bahr. 



steamer; c^.lfj>.lj wabur 
sdbet, fixed engine; J^^i 
^■i}»f wabAr komobyl, 
locomobile engine ; ^^ j^)) 
wabAr tihyn, steam mill ; 
(jlt jy\} wabAr tdra, pad- 
dle-wheel steamer; jy\i 
^JJyiS\ wabAr iksibres, 
express train ; w'S^ jy^i 
wabur rukkdb, passenger 
train; .icUs jy\j wabur bu- 
(Wa^ goods train ; .^W j^.lj 
wabAr 'dda, local train. 
v^>.|j wdgib, see ^>-j 

*^^lj wdgha^ see ^^^ 
?-lj u)d/i, oasiSjp^. i^Ulj wahdt. 

J^lj wdhid^ see jo-^ 
ilj lodd, see J^ 

(S:>'^iwddy^ valley, pi. jloj 

Cjji\i wdrls, seeZjji 

^j^i wdrid, see iji 
*^-lj tudsto, see'Ii>-5 

^-'j wdsi", see »-3 

J^b wdsil, see J^j 

^Ij wddih, seef') 

ijr^i wdty, see J»5 

c/'j ""<^V, see j^j 
JLfrlj icdgis, insect, insects. 
u»\i tvdq'a^ see .ij 
k-iilj wdqifj see ui5j 

-Ji^ lodlid, see _Jj 

Jlj ic(t/f/, see Jj 

lj>j tcdroa, painful, sick ( chil- 
dren's talk). 

\ii waba, pestilence, epidemic. 
jlj wabdy, epidemic. 

■^ii'f.A) K^^abbali, to scDld, 
rebuke, reproach . ^.jJ 
tawbyh, scolding, rebuke, 
reproach, pi. Olir'^J taio- 

y.ucabar, soft hair, nap of 
cloth, fleece; jiy_ J^\} qumds 
bi R-aftar, woolly cloth; >jV 
»j) Jiil Idsim anhil wa- 
baroh, I shall make him 
suffer for it I 

jjj watad, tent-peg, stake, pi. 
jlTjl awtdd. , 

J} watar, beam, chord of 
musical instrument, pi. jlr^l 
j\^iwigdq* hearth, cooking 



stove,depot of musical band, 
pi. wUWj wigagdt. 
■i (wr>.) i^agab {jiigib), to be 
necessary, become a duty. 
,^i wag gib, to treat with 
hospitality, do one's duty to 
another. w»-jl awgab, to be 



iU ,_^jl U lamma 

awgab ed duhr, when it 
was noon, w^y-l istawgib, 
to call for, deserve. ^>-\) 
wdgib, duty, pi, ^l^lj 
wagibdt; diic^*-!^ wdgib 
'alik, it is your duty ; J«^ 
4,Jcs«.>-l^l "amal el wdgib 
"aUh, he did his duty, ^r^* 
m&gib, reason, cause, 
motive; .-^_>c bim^gib, ac- 
cording to, in compliance 
with. >_.^3 wg'ii6,obligation, 
-^i ( -Jr^: ) tocigad ( J&gad ), to 
find; wl"5iJ-i:ft^ji»-y_ j&gads 
'andak kitdb, have you not 
got a book? ja-^l awgad, to 
create, cause to be. ji^^yi 
inwagad, orj^ yiitwagad, 

or J»iyl iticdgid, to be 
found. j^>-yma ^rg'ari^found^ 
existing, ol^^^* mawgu- 
ddt, existing things, iy^j 
iigud, existence. 

^) ( ^y. ) f««^«' (^''^a' ), to 
pain, ache; di-'j JL»?-y U ma 
tuga's rdsak, do not trouble 
yourself! do not puzzle your 
head ! ^•:^/; ^-.'j rdsy bi- 
t&ga'-ny, I have a headache. 
^^^\ inicaga', or »>-y\ 
itwaga\ to suffer pain. 
^)>-y mawg&'^, suffering 
pain, ill. »_>-j waga\ 
pain, ache; ^Ij ^} icaga'' 
rds, headache, trouble; .»-j 
Cx'-i"^^ waga el 'enin, oph- 
thalmia ; ^)\ ^ b6t bil 
waga\ a miserable house. 

'Ti ' *ry' ( *^^^. ) iii^'CLggih, or 
4»-y tawaggah, to depart. 
4if li^<afl'a/i,to turn towards^ 
go to. *>.y.. miticaggih, 
proceeding, departing, *9.y 
(awaggiili, deiiarture, act 
of proceeding. ,\^\ ittigdh, 




direction, le-j wagh, face, 
page, side, reason^ motive, 
pl.i-B-i^ aicguh fiv »y- iugCth-^ 
.y"'l4»jjc 'ato wagh el 
^timum, generally, -ui'' ai>-j 
liicagh illdh,lo please God, 
gratis; iSj4^ ^r.^' ^^ wagh el 
bahary , Lower Egypt; *s>-^\ 
J..4l^ei icagh el qibly, Upper 
Egypt; J^r^^o^rJ ^Qi-'th el 
balad, the notables of the 
country. 4^>. Qfi/m, direction, 
locality^ place, pi. zAi^ 
g ihdt; I; 1 j^^ ^y m in g ihaty 
ana, as for me. .1^ tagdh, 
in front of. a^^S wdgha^ 
front (of an edifice), facade, 
pi. w\i?-S waghdt. a.*-^ 
wagyh, notable, pi. V^j 
ugaha. 4.4>-lj- muwdgha, 
%^f>-iugiib, see _»-j 

•»^J ugiid, see j<>- j 

«-iU_j icahdsa, see J:p-j 
Jb-j ( Ju»-^i) wahhid, to unify; j»-j 
*ul icahhid alldh^ declare 
that there is only one Godl 

j»-^j jrjiiM elgafyr byicah -i 
^icZ,the watchman is cryingi 
or challenging. Jii' JitaAadJ 
to agree, be united. Ja-yli 
itwahhid , to be unified, ai* 
muttahid, united, allied; 
.jiiM c-^'VjM el wilajdt el 

muttahkla, the United 
States. Ja-^U jtJl ed d4n el 
muwahhad^lhe unified debt. 
jL-»-y tatrhyd, unification. 
iUl ittihdd, union, agree- 
ment, concord, jb-'^. icdhid, 
one, unit; ill:* Jo-'j J fy 
wdhid hendk jihcre is some 
one there ; .Jv'^^^^i nit.'^s 
wdhda, hair and half; ^^1.1 
.j»-'j .js-l^ ims// wdhda 
icdhda, walk gently 1 ju>-j 
wahyd, only,unique;A.>j Jj 
walad icahyd, an only son. 
J'j^^ wahfldny, single, 
bachelor, .j*^ wihda, or 
*Jljo-j loa/irfant/ya, solitude; 
(^je-j III ana wahdy, or III 
if Jo-) ana liwahdy,l alone, 
by myself. 




^J^ i ( ^j-^-ji ) wahas { jiihis ), to 
confuse, embarrass. ,j->-y\ 
iticahas, to be confused, 
embarrassed. ^j>-y maw- 
hus, confused, embarrassed. 
*. .P-i icahsa, confusion, 

iJ-"} ij-^y.) "'ahai (Jdhas), 
to cause to feel lonely at a 
friend's absence ; y.ll>-, z^'A 
en La icahastina, we are 
longing to see you! we are 
glad to see you! J.-^t-.l 
istawhas, to feel lonely at a 
friends' absence, be savage, 
be wild; I j^t.>.^-l lil ana 
islaichast luham, I am 
longing to see them, I am 
an.xious to sec them, i-i^j 
icahsa, state of longing for 
another person. JL^yiatoaA. 
has, savagery, barbarism. 
^>-} irahSj brute, pi. j-y^i 
uhus J."}^ tcihii, bad, evil, 

ugly ; J-^i J^y-' ^' ^^ ^ 0* 

insalla ma lisufs loihis, 
may evil never befall youl 

4iUj wahdsa, ugliness, 
badness. JL=-^. mitwahhis, 
savage, pi. ■j<L>-y..mitwah. 
Jfl.j( J^yJ icihil (jahal), to 
strand,run aground; z^»■)\i\ 
ana icihilt, I have come to 
a dead lock. J».j icahhal^ to 
soil with mud; j.,Uj L;Ji ed 
dinja wahhalet^ the streets 
have become muddy. J»-yl 
itwahhal, to be soiled, ci^i 
icahhtn^ stuck, at a stand- 
still, pi. jo^'j-j icahlanyn, 
J>.j icahl, or a^^j wahla, 
mud, mire ; i^o-i Lj Jl ed 
dinja wahla, ihe streets are 
"3 . ^i-yl ( -yJ ") itwa'rihamet 
( tilicahham ), to have a 
desire for a particular food 
( pregnant woman ). =-j 
<oa^/am,whimof a pregnant 
woman for some particular 
r y>-i{ 7-j-)i ) 'ca/j'ra/j, to flinch, 
wince. **-^i Loahwaha, act 




of flinching, wincing. 
S.9-) wahyd, see Jo- 3 
i^ji'3 waljry, sec ji-\ 

i-j (>_ji) icaJiJjam, to feel drow. 
sy. >^. mutcah/jam, or jVi-^ 
tcalimdn, drowsy. >j 
tcabam , drowsiness. 
^) i^ii) J''Ctdd (jiwidd),to\\ke, 
desire; Jj^i j» huica jiwid- 
diny, he likes me, he is fond 
of me. ^i icidd, or il^j 
widdd, or .:i^» muicadda, 
affection, friendship, .j^^^ 
wadAd, affectionate,sociable, 
pl- Cx.^}^i tcadudyn. 

c,\i3 widd", see p:,) 

j^iij^yl) i<^ciddar, to lose, 
squander, sacrifice, jiy 
tawdyr, act of losing, 
squandering, sacrificing. 

e-i^ (fo^i) icadda\ to take leave 
of and wish good bye, see off. 
f-ji/— I istaicda" , to recom- 
mend to one's care, be put 
on half pay ('Government 
official or army officer ). 
f-iy.^* mistaicda\ official 

or officer on half pay, 
en disport ibilit^.f-\i3widd\ 
farewell. 9^^)'--'^ istudd\ or 
^\x.\J istydd\aci of putting 
an official or an officer on 
half pay, retirement, dis- 
ponibilitc. m^) wady^a^ 
deposit, pZ. »)ijj waddjV. 

f-i) wadd', small sea- shells, sg. 
i>.ci) icada^a, pl, klWij 
irada'dt; f-ij v'r^ darrdb 
tcada'', fortune-teller by 
means of sea-shells, pl, 
(■:>) i^AjJ>darrahyn wada\ 

i]ii{ii:,)l)waddik, to instruct, 
train, il^yl ittcaddik^ to he 
instructed, be trained, gain 
experience. iliyU mitwad- 
dik^ instructed, trained, 

^.i3 widn, ear, pl. o'jj* aicd&n; 
(ji^' -^ *':; betoh gdnb el 
widn, his house is very near. 

jjij loadCid, see n 

iS:^} {4^}'. ) tvaddaiJiicaddy ), 
to give, carry, take of; jia 
,jsp waddyny 'andoh, take 




me to him 1 a-^Ij J *ijl t^jii' 
biddy aicaddyh fy ddhja, 
I wish to send him to hell ; 
ojj Jc ti^y cij i^Ll\\ es sikka 
dy tiicaddy 'a la f^n, where 
does this road lead to? Ai^y 
taicdyja, act of giving, 
carrying, taking to. 
*.»).>i (cady'a, see c-j^ 
Ijj wara, behind; i,iJ\ Ij^toaraZ 
hit, behind the house ; ^\ji 
Ajl a-ardk i^ what have you 
got to do? io\:^;S^j}icardJa 
kitdba, I have to write;^".'^ 
^h: o" ^ katab ly rain 
icardk,he wrote to me with- 
out your knowledge ; ja-lj 
JU\ \j)irdhid irara et. tdny, 
successively, consecutively; 
<>■»*. ^Ji fy. ■jL/~^'isrynj6m 
icara 6a'v/, twenty consecu- 
tive days; i^Ui Uj ,\jj U sA, 
M' ma irardh ice jna 
qudddmoh, he sold all he 
had. J\j} trarrdny, the 
hind one, thi; back one ; J.^ 
t^\jihabl aarrdny,hecl.rope. 

vjjj ( wjy. ) warab(jurib), or 
wjlj icdrib, to place in an 
oblique direction. v-JJ^* 
placed in an oblique direction. 
v_.j^ fcarfc, oblique direction, 
transverse; ^jA. ^^^ warb, 
obliquely, transversally. 
'^Jli ^Ji\ ) ^'^iris ( y^ras ), or 
C^ji wirit, to inherit. Ojj 
icarras, orojj icarrit, to 
bequeath, grant by will.^jy 
taicrys, act of appointing 
an heir, ^j'j (r(lr!5,or j^jlj 
wdrit, orj^^jj a-arj/s, heir, 
legatee, pi. l*j^?rarasa. aJIjj 
fc trdsa, heritage,succession. 
C-ljMmt//'(Js,or ^\j^myrdt, 

legacy, estate inherited , 

pi. ^ij\y matrarys. ttjy 
ma u-arris, testator, legator, 

pi, a^jy mtiirarrisyn. 
^Jj(jj>:) K'cirad (Jdrid), to 
arrive; w'^rii ^J> i'C-f<^d 
lygaicdb,l received a letter. 
ij) irarrad, to give into, 

supply; AjjiS ^).i\ ij^ 




warrad elfuUis Ulha^yna, 
he paid the money into the 
treasury; w'^i-1 loji icar- 
radna el gaicdb, we regis- 
tered the letter ( in an office 
book), ijyi iiwarrad^ to 
be given into^ supplied, ^^)y 
tawryd, act of giving into, 
supplies, stores, ijl^ wdrid, 
arriving^ arriver, income, 
supplied, allotted ; i;lj^"S' 
hdtib xcdrid, registrar of 
correspondence received ; 
jjlj J^^ da f tar wdrid, 
inward register; ij\}icdrLd, 
import, pl.Zj^:,j^j icariddt, 
income, revenue, supply of a 
canal, /)i.vl.lilj<j yraddt-^AAj 
i,\j\ tir^et yrdd, canal of 
supply, feeder. J J ^-mciiorad, 
access, entrance. ,i}ym6ra. 
da, mooring- place, landing, 
place, pi Z>\ijy moraddl, 
orij\y mawdrid, 
^ji ( ijy.) tcarrad, to bloom. 

be rosy, ^'j^m mmcarrad, 
blooming, rosy, red. ^jf 
icard, roses jsg.,^ji(carda, 
pl.Zj\:>j} warddt. ijj \, ma 
ward, rose-water. iSijs 
icardy, rosy, .jj^ loarda, 
washer ( mec. ), pi. j jj | 
tcirad. nj} ivarda, flange, 
cocade, pi. ^I.5jj warddt, 
:>'j}^wird, schedule showing 
receipts of instalments of 
taxes paid,pi. .j'jj' arordd. 
J_j-^l.ij) wardasdla * see -J^-jlajl^ 

o'^iji wardamdn," sailmaker's 

o^'.iji wirdajdn* guardian, 

AJijj wardyja* 01^ duty, sentry 

box; \j) ^'€'^ kdtib war- 

dyja, clerk on duty ; ^jL.I 

'^ ^-i imbdrih hunt 

wardyja, I was on duty 


Aiji warsa* workshop, yard, 

factory, office,/)^, j^jiwiras, 

or sLj^^j) toarsdt. 

iaj) {if J ji) war rat , to place in Aa 




awkward position/ause one 
to commit himself, embar- 
rass. l9j_^M inwa rat, or ^^ J y\ 
itwarratj to be placed in an 
awkward position, commit 
one's self, be embarrassed. 
Ifijymawr/Ht ,ori>jy>muwar. 
rat, placed in an awkward 
position, embarrassed, isij jJ 
tawryt, act of placing in 
an awkward position, embar. 
rassing. A.tjjtoar^i, awkward 
position, embarrassment, 
dilemma, difficulty, pi. 
wlisjj wartdt. 
Jj3(jjyJ ivarraq, to^paper, 
produce leaves (tree). Jjy\ 
it war rag ^ to be papered. 
jjy muioarraq, papered, 
bearing leaves, jjjy taio- 
ryq, act of papering, pro- 
ducing leaves. Jjj waraq, 
paper, leaves, sg. iij, 
waraqo , pi ^[ijfivaraqdt, 
*ijs waraqa, document, pi 
j\j)\awrdq; ik^ y j j iwaraq 
bdsta, postage stamps ; Jjj 

»_,J waraq lib, playing 
cards. *^\i-Jjj icaraqhdna, 
paper factory, pi. olili- Jj^ 

il_^j wirk ,\h\g\\, pl'Mji^awrdk. 

^jji^jyi) ivirim (jdram), to 
swell, be swollen, /jj 
war ram, to cause to swell. 
»j\} icdrim, swollen. *j^ 
icaram, swelling, tumour. 

(^jj waran, lizards, sg. tij^ 
warana, pl.^\ijjwarandt. 
^.\ji warnijs* varnish. 

:,jjjur&d, sQ2iji 

t5jj((ijji)«'arra (Juwarry)^lo 
show, make a pretence. <ijl.) 
wdra, to hide. iSjy\itwar~ 
ra, to be shown, (ij'yl 
itirdra, lohe hidden. (^ji_^. 
muicdry, hidden, hypocrite. 
4ijy^afor(/ya, act of showing, 
making jiretence. 
^Ij) iraryti, see Oj, 

j)( h'. ) "'"--' (JinriJi), to 
^,^,tj) wa^3oh j'uirabny^ 
he set him to beat me. J^l 



inwaxz, or }y\ itwasz^ to 
be incited, instigated, in- 
duced.. J j foa^*a,incitement, 
instigation, inducement. 
Ji wizz, geese, sg. ,jiwizza, 
pl.>Zj\j)wizzdt; j\jC-jjwiz2 
Hrdqy, or L\ bait, ducks. 

•jljj wizdra, see yjj 

oOj wazzdn, seei^js 
pj}(^(^jy)icazza\io distribute, 
apportion ; U* ^ 4.ftj^ icaz- 
za'oh min hena, get rid of 
him! liustle him awayl ftj/l 
itwazza\ to be distributed, 
apportioned. *\jy tawzy\ 
distribution, apportionment. 
i.jy muwazza\ one who 
distributes ( letters ), post- 
n:an, pl.Cx:'^jy>muwazsa''yn. 
OJj(oJ^i) tcazan (jAzin), to 
weigh, jjlj lodzin, to ba- 
lance, weigh against, ojy' 
inwazan, ori^jy\ itwazan, 
to be weighed, balanced. 
d)jy mawzun, weighed ; 
^j\) lodzin, or i^ijy, maw- 
zun, drunk. C)Ji '^<^'^f^, act 

of weighing,weight, pl.o^jt^ 
awzdn. (jl^y mt/*dn, scales, 
ha]ance, pl.a'.j\ymawazyn-, 
^:« d^Ji' myzdn mayja,\e\e\ 
(eng.) ; fj\ i^\j^. myzdn el 
banna, plumb. ajIj>. my- 
zanyja, financial budget, 
levelling(eng.), equilibrium, 
/)i. ^Lil j\. j\^» 
ma a'd^'na, equilibrium, pi. 
zdn, professional weigher, 
pi u}!lj3 wazzanyn. 

xJi ^f^cisyr, minister, vizier, 
queen ( in chess), pi. Ijjj 
uzara, or jjiicazar. »j\ji 
wizdra, ministry, cabinet. 
pi. vl-lj'ji wizardt. 

'fi i'fy.) loassah, to soil, cause 
to be dirty. 'fy\ itwassab, 
or *!"M ittasaJ}, to be soiled, 
become dirty. 'f"y tawsyfj, 
act of soiling, causing to be 
dirty, ir^ wasab, or *i^Uj 
icasdha, dirt, filthiness, pi. 
vi.U-1-j wasahdt. 'fi wisifi, 
dirty, filthy,/)i.(:;j*^jtois6^rt. 



ia-«j(Ja-^) tcassat, 10 cause to 
be in the middle, cause to 
come between, cause to 
intercede. J^^i wastan, to 
cause to be in tlie middle. 
ia^y\ itwassat, to be in the 
middle, cause to come bet- 
ween, cause to intercede. 
j'L^ y\ it was tan, io be in the 
middle. Ja-y.. mitwassat, 
mean,average. Ja-j wast or 
ust, waist, middle, centre. 
Jlla--.^ wastdny, one in the 
middle, central, middling, 
pi. julk-j loastanyjyn. 
aLJ) todsfa, means, instru- 
mentality, intermediary, 

pi. ialLj Wasdjit J A.k-1^ 

biwdsta^ by means of, 
through. Ja.-.y tawassut, 
intervention, ia.-,^ loasyt^ 
mediator, pi. lla-j usata. 
^, i^y_) loisl" O'l'isa' J, or ^J\ 
iilasa' ,[Q be wide,si)acious; 
Jil'\k^»Jl ittasa fy es 
sugl, his business has in- 
creased. >»-j wassa', to 


widen, make room, cause to 
be spacious;4$rj\ ^.^jwassa" 
es sikkttj open the way 1 
«-.yl itwassa', iohe widen- 
ed^ made spacious, enlarg- 
ed, ^\} wdsi\ or /.^mX* 
muttasV, wide, spacious, 
vast. »^i frasa',open space; 
/t-ylj 1^:-. bijitkallim fil 
wasa\ he draws the long 
bow;j\f!\ ^j j fy wasa" en 
nahdr^ during the day. *a-j 
wasa'a, or *il— .^ wasa'^dja, 
open space, square,/)^ c[%^) 
wasa'dt, or olU-j wasa- 
^ajdt. frl-JI itiisd", width, 
spaciousness, extension. 

•j( <3-y.) »"«sag (jusiq ), to 
load. j->i inwasaq, or 
j-yl itwasa