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ARBORETUM ET FRUTICETUM 

BRITANNICUM ; 

OR, 

THE TREES AND SHRUBS OF BRITAIN, 
l^attbe atiti dToreign, Aartfp antl l^alM^artrt), 

PICTORIALLY AND BOTANICALLY DELINEATED, 

Aia> SCIENTIFICAXLY AND POPULA&LT DESCBIBED ; 

WITH 

THEIR PROPAGATION. CULTURE, MANAGEMENT, 

AiSD USE8 IN TUE ABT8, IM U8BFUL AKD OBNAMEHTAL PLANTATION8, AND IN 

IiikNDSCAPB-OARDBNINa ; 

PRECEDED BY A HISTORICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL OUTLINE 
OF THE TREES AND SHRUBS OF TEMPERATE CLIMATES 

THROUQHOUT THE WORLD. 

BY J. C. LOUDON, RL. k H.S. &c, 

AirrUOB OF THB BarCTCLOPJBDXAS OV OABDBKIXO AMD OF AOBICULTURB. 



IN EIGHT VOLUMES : 

FOUB OF LETTEBPBBSS, ILLUSTBATED BT ABOYE 2500 ENQBAVINGS ; 
AND FOUB OF OCTAYO AND QUABTO PLATES. 



«W0VWMWMI 



VOL. 1. 



HI8TORT, OEOGRAPHT, AND SCIENCE ; AND DE8CRIPTI0NS, FROM 
HANUNCULA^CB-fi TO STAPHYLEA^CEiE, P. 494., INCLU81TE. 



SECOND EDITION. 



LONDON: 
HENRT G. BOHN, TORK STREET, COVENT GARDEN. 

1854. 






^v. 



PREFACE 



TO 



THE SECOND EDITION. 



When the Arboretum Britannicum was first published it appeared in 
Nmnbers ; and, as all the trees were drawn from nature, they were published 
as thej could be obtained, blanks being left for those of which good speci- 
mens could not be found. These blanks were . afterwards, in most cases, 
filled up ; but sometimes it was discovered that difierent names had been 
given to the same plant, and consequentlj that there was onlj one tree to 
fiU up the spaces that had been left for two names ; while, in other cases, the 
.same tree was found so difierent at difierent periods of its growth, as to 
render two or more plates of it desirable. These circumstances occasioned 
many inaccuracies in the plates, which were noticed in the errata; but 
shortlj previous to Mr. Lou4on's death he had all these faults corrected, 
prepanitorj to a new impression of the plates being printed ofi*; and it is 
this corrected edition that is now ofiered to the public. 

J. W. LOUDON. 
BeaftwaUTf March 7. 1844. 



^r V 






PREFACE. 



X HB main object which iDduced the author to undertake this Work was» the 
hope of difiusing more generally, among gentlemen of landed property, a taste 
for introducing a greater Tariety of trees and shrubs in their plantations and 
pleasure-grounds. He had obsenred, for a number of years, that, though many 
new and beautiful trees and shrubs were annually introduced from foreign 
countries into our botanic gardens and nurseries, yet the spread of these 
plants in the grounds of country residences was comparatively slow ; and that 
not only the new sorts were neglected, but many of the fine old species and 
yarieties, which had been in British nurseries for upwards of a century, were 
forgotten by planters, and had ceased to be propagated by commercial gardeners. 
In short, it appeared to the author, that the general taste of the country for 
trees and shrubs bore no just proportion to the taste which prevuled in it 
for iTuitSy culinary productions, and flowers. It also appeared to him, that, 
while the numerous horticultural societies now established in the British 
Islands had poweHiilly promoted the general taste for horticultural and flori- 
cultural productions» they had rather neglected arboriculture and landscape- 
gardening. 

Viewing trees and shrubs as^next tobiuldings, the most important omaments 
which can be introduced into a country ; and considering them^in this respect, 
greatly superior to herbaceous plants, from the little carethat trees and shrubs 
require when once properly planted» and their magnitude, and permanent in* 
fluence when grown up, on the general scenery of the country ; the author feit 
desirous of pointing out the great importance of their moregeneral distribution 
and culture. In order to impress this on the minds of proprietors and their 
&milie89 and especially on the rising generation among them, he thought it 
best to adopt, as the main featurc of liis plan, the description and portraiture 
of such species and varieties of trees and shrubs as are actually in cultivation 
in the country, and as grow vigorously in it; referring to gardens or grounds 
within a limited distance of London, where these species or varieties may be 
seen in a Hving state, and to nurseries where they are propagated for sale, and 
stating the price for which they might be purchased in England» in France and 
Oermany, and in North America. He has thought it advisable to give, not only 
botanical spedmensy but portraits of the greater number of species of trees ; in 
order, by a palpable representation of their forms and magnitudes, to make a 
stronger impression on the mind of the reader. These pictorial illustrations are 
of two kinds : ^rst, portraits of trees of ten or twelve years' growth, taken from 
spedmens growing in 1834, 1835, or 1836, within ten miles of London, and all 
drawn to the same scale of i in. to 4 ft. ; and, secondly, of fidl-grown trees, also 
all drawn to one scale, viz. 1 in. to 12 ft., and for the most part growing within 
the same distance of London. 

A 3 



VI PREFACE. 

The use of the first class of portraits is, to give a palpabLe idea of the general 
magnitude, form, and character, which difiereut species and variedes assume 
when growing in the same soil and climate, even in so short a period as ten or 
twelve years after plandng. A slight comparaUve view of these portraits shows 
that the growth of some trees is much more rapid than that of others ; and that 
whiie the species of some genera when young are comparatively monotonous 
in their general form, thoae of the species of other genera of the same age have 
marked and characteristic features. Hence the valuable assistance afforded 
by such portraits in the choice of trees for the purposes of landscape-garden- 
ing. To solve the problem of ascertaining the species capable of producing 
any desired effect of wood, or of trees, in a given locality, and in a given time, 
it is only necessary to tum over the portraits which are contained in the last 
four volumes of this Work, and to select those species, the portraits of which 
exhibit trees of such forms and magnitudes as will produce the effect desired. 

The second dass of portraits represents full-grown trees of the same spe- 
cies as those of which portraits in their young state are given ; and these, for 
the greater part, are drawn from trees within ten miles of London, and all, 
with one or two exceptions, are to one scale. The object in giving these 
portraits of fuli-grown trees is, to show the magnitude and character which 
particular spedes attain when they arrive at maturity, and to be a guide to 
the planter, not only in many pardculars having reference to pictorial efiect, 
but also with respect to the uses of trees as producdve of timber, shelter, 
and shade. 

These portraits of trees in their young and mature state, which are contained 
in the last four volumes, together with the engraved botanical specimens, and 
the scientific and popular descripdons contained in the four volumes of letter- 
press, are calculated, as the autbor thinks, to create that interest in trees and 
shrubs in tbose who have not previously paid much attention to the subject, 
to produce which, as already observed, has been his grand object in under- 
taking this Work. 

In addidon to the trees and shrubs which have been ten or twelve years in 
the country, and which are purchasable in British nurseries, those of more 
recent introducdon, which are comparadvely scarce, are also described or 
noticed; as are some which were introduced at fbrmer periods, and havebeen 
lost, and others which are known to botanists, but which have not yet been 
introduced. 

Besides nodces of new and little known hardy trees and shrubs, or of 
such as are described by botanists but not yet introduced, some attendon 
has been paid throughout the Work to trees and shrubs which, though they 
will stand through the winter in mild seasons, without protection in fevourable 
situadons, or with protection in situations and seasons less favourable, in the 
climate of London, yet cannot be recommended for general purposes, and 
are therefore generally described by gardeners as only half-hardy. These 
half-hardy species have been noticcd, bccausc there is perhaps no scene in 
a Bridsh garden more interesting, than one in which the plants of warm 



PRBFACE. vii 

eoantriee, usually seen ul greeD-houses or coaservatories, appear in a flouriBh- 
ing state in the open air ; and also because the culture and management of 
sach plants call forth a higher degree of sdentific knowledge and attention 
oa the part of the gardeoeTy and therefore contribute to his impit>Tement and 
eonsequent usefulaess. Half-hardy trees and shrubs of the more tender kinds 
are genenlly cultivated against what is in this Work called a conservative wall ; 
tlMt is, a wall which may be flued or not according to circumstances, but which 
admita of putting up a temporary projecting roof, or some other means of 
protection, during the winter season. Such walls are at present not very 
generally in use for omamental exotics ; but so great are the interest and 
beauty which they are catculated to display when properly designed, planted, 
and managed, that in a few years they wili probabiy be as general as fruit 
walls ; and, as omaments to a country residencey connected with the flower- 
garden and shrubbery, wiU be considered as ranJdng next to the conservatory 
and the green-house. 

Having given this nodce of the objects which have led to the undertaking 
of this Work, and a general outline of the plan pursued in it, the reader is 
referred to the Introduction, and to the Explanatory References which pre- 
cede the Table of Contents, for furthor detaiis. 

The engraving aud printing of this Work, for which collections had been 
making fbr several years (see the GardenerU Magazine, vol. vi., for 1880, 
p. 582. and p. 718.), was begun m Aagust, 1834 ; and it has been published in 
Jfumbers, the first of which appeared in January, 1835, and the 63d and 
last on tbe Ist of July, 1838. It was origtnally intended to include in 
it a generalisation of the whole subject of the trees and shrubs of temperate 
dimates; but, finding the Work had increased to more than double the 
extent originaliy contemplated, it has been thought advisable to publish the 
generalisation alluded to separately ; and it will accordingly appear at some 
futnre time, in one volume, under the title of an Encydopadia of Arboricnlture. 

It now remains for the author to acknowledge his obligations to the nu- 
merous persons who have given him information for this Work. He refers to 
the List of Contributors, p. xv., and to every individual there named be begs 
to retum his most sincere thanks. He thanks, in a more particular manner, 
the Gouncil of the Horticultural Society of London, for having granted him 
permission to take portraits of the trees in the 8ociety's Garden, and to ex- 
amine and make drawings from the botanical specimens sent homeby Dougles 
and others, in their herbarium ; as well as for the information communicated 
by thdyr head gardener, Mr. Munro, and the foreman of their arfooretum, Mr. 
Gordon. Tbe author is deeply indebted to Messrs. Loddiges, with reference to 
their arboretum at Hackney, and for the kind and liberal manner in which they 
have at ^(1 times, during the last ten years, since he began to prepare for this 
Work, not only allowed him to send artists to make drawings, and supplied 
him with spectmens, but permitted him to select these himself ; and, in short, 
to use their unrivalled coUection of hardy trees and shmbs as if it had been 
his own. To the Linnean Society, and their librarian, Professor Don, the 
author is much indebted for the loan of books, and for permission to examine 

A 4 



VIU PKEFACE. 

the qiecimens of trees and slirabs in the Liimean herbarium; as he if to 
A. B. Lambert» Esq., V.P.L.S., &c.» for the use of his magnificent library 
and unique herbarium, and for the living Bpecimens of the Conifer» from 
Boyton ; and to W. T. Aiton, Esq., F.L.8., H.S., Scc^ Her Majest/s Garden- 
Director at Kew, for specimens of the trees and shrubs in the arboretum ih&e, 
for the loan of manuscripts, and for other valuable informadon and aasbtance, 
communicated either directly by himself, or through that scientific and assidu* 
OU8 botanist and cultivator, Mr. Smith, foreman of the Kew Botanic Garden. 

To His Grace the Duke of Northumberland the author is indebted, not 
only for access for himself and artists to examine and take portraits of the 
splendid exotic trees at Syon, but for drawings of upwards of a hundred 
of the largest and rarest of those* trees, made for this Work by G. R. 
Lewis, Esq., at His Grace's ezpense, and also for engravings from seyeral 
of the krgest of these drawings. To Mrs. Lawrence of Studley Royal 
he is obliged for the portraits of many of the noble trees in the park 
at Studley, that hidy having employed a London artist» H. W. Jukes, Esq., 
for several months for that purpose ; and to the Rev. J. Charnock, for di- 
recdng the measurements, and supplying interesting information respecting 
those trees. To the Countess of Bridgewater he is indebted for portraits of 
the gigantic beeches at Ashridge : and to Lady Grenville, for permission to take 
drawingSy and for numerous specimens of the ilbietine in the magnificent 
pinetum at Drc^more ; and to Her Ladyship's intelligent and most industrious 
gardener, Bfr. Frost, for supplying valuable information respecting thdr culture 
and management, and for lending every assistance in his power. Portraits of 
treesy and many spedmens, have also been sent by various other persons in 
different parts of Great Britain and Lreland, whose names, lest any individual 
should be by chance omitted, it is not endeavoured here to enumerate. 

The author is also indebted, for portraits, spedmens, and information, to 
various amateurs and gardeners on the Continent, as wdl as to correspond- 
ents in North America and Australia ; and more especially to M. Alphonse 
De CandoUe of Geneva ; to M. Andr^ Michaux» M. Vihnorin, M. Loisdeur 
Deslongchamps, and M. Soulange-Bodin, of Paris ; to Baron Jacquin, and M. 
Charles Raucb, of Vienna ; to Professor Rdnwardt, Leyden ; Professor Kops, 
Utrecht ; M. Otto, Berlin ; Messrs. Booth» Hambuig ; Professor Schouw 
and M. Petersen, Copenhagen; Bishop Agardh, Carlstadt, Sweden; Dr. 
Fischer, Petersburg; M. Fintelman, Moscow; M. Descemet, Odessa; Sr. 
G. Manetti, Monza, near Milan ; the Honourable Keppel Craven, Napies ; 
Dr. Mease, Phikiddphia ; Col. Carr, of Bartram*s Botanic Garden ; and John 
Thompson, Esq., Surveyor General's office, Sydney. 

In the literary department the author recdved the assistance of the Rev. 
M. J. Berkdey,BlA., F.L.S., for the lists of Fungi inhabiting difiecent spe- 
des of trees ; of J. O.Westwood, Esq., F.L.S., Secretary to the Entomological 
8ociety,for descriptions and drawings of the Insects infesting difierent spedes ; 
of Wm. Spence, Esq., F.L.S., andof M. Audouin, Member of the Institute 
of France,and Professor of Entomoiogy,for information respecting the species 
of Sc61ytu8 injurious to the ekn ; of Mr. John Denson, A.L.S., in drawing up 



PRBYACE. IX 

the charBcten of the Qrdere and Genera, and generally fbr what may be 
«msidered the botanical department of this Work, from its commenceroent to 
the end of the genus SSAix. Heis, also^indebted to W. Withers, Esq., of Holt, 
Norfolk, for the loan of his unpublished work on the Robinta Pseud-ilcficia; 
to W. Borrer, Esq», F.L.S., for the arrangement into groups of the numerous 
apecies of the difficult genus SaHx^ and for looking over the proof sheets of 
the article on that genus; to Professor Alphonse De Candolle, for looking 
orer the proof sheeta of the ardcle on Salisbiiria, as weli as for examining the 
proofa of the history of trees in France and Switzerland ; to M. Vilmorin, for 
looking over the proof sheets of the history of trees and shrubs in France ; to 
the late M. Flscher, of the Botanic Oarden, Gottingen, and to M. Otto, of 
Berlin, for looking over the proof sheets of the hbtory of trees in Germany ; 
to Professor Don, for arranging and looking over the whole of the generic 
cbaracters, and some of the proof sheets, of the Conifer» ; and to Mr. Gk>rrie, 
fbr examining the proof sheets of the article on the Larch. 

To His Grace the Duke of Bedford the author is indebted for much Taluable 
tnformation on the sufcrject of trees, and more especially respecting the Oak, 
the Scotch Pine, and the Cedar of Lebanon, communicated either directly 
by Ks Grace, or throu^ his forester at Wobum Abbey, Mr. Lreland ; as well 
as for pennifision (of which he has availed himself) to make whatever use 
he cfaose of that magnificent work the SaHctum Wobumefue, To the Duke 
of Bichmond, the Barl of Aberdeen, Macpherson Grant, Esq., and Mr. Grigor, 
of Forres, he is indebted for important communications respecting the Scotch 
Pine in Scotland ; to the Duke of Portland for various researches respecting 
the Oak in Nottinghamshire; and to the Earl of Wlcklow, Earl Roden, Lord 
Viacoont Ferrard, Sir Robert Bateson, Mr. Mackay, and Mr. Niyen, for 
information respecting the trees and shrubs of Ireland. 

Hie author, in conclusion, has only to request that the readers of this Work 
will send to him whatever corrections, additions, or suggestions may occur to 
them on its perusal, or at any future period. It is his intention to publish what- 
ever additional matter he may recdve from correspondents, or procure Imn- 
self, in an Annual Report in the Gardener^t Magaxme; and to include in this 
report notices of all the trees and shrubs which may, during the year, bave been 
introduced from foreign countries, or originated in this country from intentional 
hybridisation or accident. This report will also indude such improvements as 
may from time to time be made in arboricultural noroenclature, such as the 
re-arrangement of the species of a genus, &c. ; and, in short, every thing that 
may be found requisite to keep up the information contained in the Arbore' 
lum et FruHcetum Briiannicum, with the actual progress of knowledge on the 
subject. The essence of these annual reports will be collected from time to 
time, and published in pamphlets, as supplements to the Arboretum ; so that 
the possessor of this first edition may have it in his power, at any future 
time, to bring the Work down to the latest date, without being under the 
necessity of purchasing a new edition. 

J. C. L. 

Bayiwater, May 20. 1838. 



DZRSCTZOlfS TO TBE BZZrDJB&. 



Thb Work is to be done up in Eight Volames : tbe first Four of Letter- 
press, aad the last Four of Rates. 

Vol. I. is to contain the Dedication, Preface, Contents, &c., of the eight 
voiumes, and the text as far as p. 494. inclusive. A Table of the Contents of 
Vol. I. is to be placed immediately before the Introduction ; and the first part 
of this table being systematic, and the second part alphabetical, an index at 
the end of the voTume is unnecessarj. The Signatures at the beginning of 
the volume run thus : — a, [ a], a, a to d d, * b, c, &c., in the regular series. 

Vol. 11. comroences with p. 495., and ends with p. 1256. There is a Title, 
with a Table of Contents on the same plan as in Vol. I. 

Vol. III. commences with 1257., and ends with p. 2030. ; having a Table 
of Contents, &c., as in Vol. I. 

Vol. IV. commences with p. 2031., and contains the remainmg part of the 
text ; with a Table of Contents, &c., as in Vol. I., at the beginning, and three 
Alphabetical Indexes at the end. 

Vol. V. commences with Magnolia grandifldra, and ends with ^lc^cia deal- 
bata. There is a Title, with a Table of Contents arranged on the same plan 
as that given in the preceding volumes. 

Vol. VI. commences with ilm/gdalus commilUiis, and ends with OVnus 
europs^a, full-grown tree. Title, Contents, &c., as in preceding volumes. 

Vol. VII. commences with Catdlpa fyrti^^olia, and ends wi(h Qu^rcus 
alba. Title, Contents, &c., as before. 

Vol. VIII. commences with Qu^cus macrocdrpa, and ends with t/uniperus 
excelsa ; and has Title, Contents, &c., as before. At the end of this volume 
there is an Alphabetical Index to the Four Volumes of Plates. 

*^* A List of the Plates, in the order in which they are to be bound up, 
is given in the Table of Contents, p. cliv. to clxi. in Vol. I. 

The Cancelt given in order to introduce corrections, &c., are the foh 
lowing : — 

Text. 

Vol. II., pages 495, 496. 

921, 922. 
1229, 1230. 



{ 



Vol. L, pages 1 to 15. 

21, 22. 

27, 28. 

29, 30. 

73, 74. 
157, 158. 
159, 160. 
173, 174. 
' 175, 176. 
177, 178. 
229, 230. 



1255, 1256. 
Vol. III., Titlepoge. 

pages 1257 to 1262. 

/1273, 1274. 

1 1275, 1276. 

1295, 1296. 

1987, 1988. 

2029, 2030. 

Vol. IV., pages 2031, 2032. 



Plates. 



Vol. VII. Pteroc^ya cauc&sica> to be substituted for «/i^glansyraxinifolia. 

Certain superfluous Plates given with some copies, and which are to be 
cancelled, are enumerated at the end of the Supplement, Vol. IV. p. 2608. 



ARllANGEMENT OF^CONTENTS AND INDEXES. 



XI 



ARRANGEMENT OF THE CONTENTS. 

Explanatory References .... Piuic xu 

List of Contributors - - - - • xv 

Epitome of Contents - • . . . [xxii!] 

Contents in iull ..... ^xm 

List of Portraits of Trees formiiig the PJates in tbe last Four 

Voliunea - • . . . Q^y 

Ust of Portndts of Trees given along with the Text in the first 

Four Volumes - - - . . clxii 

List of Landflcapes gtven along with the Text, showing the Eflect 

of particular Spedes of Trees in Landscape Scenery . dxiv 

List of Cpgravings of Botanical Specimens given along with the 

Teitt ------ cixv 

List of Engravings of Fungi, Lichens, &c^ given along with the 

Text -----. dxxxi 

List orEngravings of Insects given along with the Text - clxxxii 

List of Engravings of Diagrams and miscellaneous Subjects givcn 

along with the Text - - . . clxxxiii 

List of Authorities for scienti&c Nanies ... clxxxiv 
List of Books quoted or referred to • cxc 

Immediatdy after the Titlepage of each Volume (except 

VoL L), a Table of the Contents is given, first systemati- 

cally arranged, and next alphabetically. 
A Table of the Contents of Vol. I. will be found from 

p. ccxxvii. to p. ccxxx. 



ARRANGEMENT OF THE ALPHABETICAL 

INDEXES. 



Alphabetical Index of Oenera is given at the end of VoL IV. p. 2656. 
Alpfaabetical Index of miscellaneous Subjects, at the end of Vol. IV. p.2667. 
Alphabetical Index of Persons and Places, at the end of Vol. IV. p. 2672« 
Alphabetical Index of the Portraits of Trees given in the last Four Volume», 
at the end of Vol. VIIL 



Xll EXPLANATORY RBFERENCES. 



EXPLANATORY REFERENCES. 



Thb greater part of the letterpress of this Work consists of the descrip-. 
tion, history, geography, uses, propagation, culture» &c., of the species and 
varieties of the trees and Bhruba cultivated in the British Islands ; and this la 
always printed in tyrpe corresponding in size with that used in this sentence. 

The short descriptive notices of species and varieties which it would be 
desirable to introduce, of such as have been introduced and lost, of such aa 
have not been seen by the author, even though nientioned in British catalogues, 
and of such as are half-hardy in the climate of London, or supposed to be so, 
are uniformly printed in a smaller type. 

The statistics, or accounts of the diroensions of trees, which we have 
received from di^rent parts of the British Islands or the Continenty are also ia 
small type, in order to save room. 

The portraits of trees which form the last four volumes are sometimesy 
referred to as in the second volume, and sometimes as in the iast volume. 
These references were made under the idea of binding up ali the ietterpress 
in one volume, and all the plates in another, which, now that the Work is 
finished, is found to be impracticable. The readiest way of finding the portrait 
of any particular species of tree is, to refer to the Alphabetical Index of 
Portraits of Trees, given at the end of the eighth volume. The readiest way 
of finding the description and history of any particular s^ecies or variety, and 
of ascertaining whether or not a figure is given of it, is by referring to the 
general Alph^tical Index, at the end of the fourth volume. 

In various parts of the Work reference will be found to Part IV., and to 
the Encycloptsdia of ArboricuUnre. These two references refer to one and 
the same work, viz. the EncychfHBdia of Arbcrictdturey which it was originally 
tntended to include in the Arboretum JSritanmcum, but which, for the reasons 
statedin the PrefiM^e, wiU now be published separately in one volume; and 
in which the subject of trees and their culture will be generalised, and their 
mode of treatment given en nuute, whether as seedlings in the nursery, as 
useful and omamental plantadons, as vieiding timber and other useful pro- 
ducts, or as omaments in the lawn ancl shrubbery. 

The enffravings of the botanical specimens, whether printed along with the 
text, or dong with the portraits ot the trees in the tour last volumes, are 
invariably to one and the same scale of 2 in. to 1 ft. Where any portion of 
the plant is given of the naturai size, it is distinjniished by a cross, thus, +. 
Where dissections are given, m. signifies male,/ remale, and mag. magnified. 

The portraits of the entire trees and shmbs given along with the text are 
to different scales, which are always indicated in the descriptions : they are 
chiefly 1 in. to 12 ft., l in. to 24 ft., and 1 in. to 50 h, 

The portrsdts of the trees in the last foiur volumes are nearl}' all firom in- 
dividuals that were growing within ten miles of London, in the years 1834, 
1835, 1836, or 1837. These portraits are chiefly of proung trees, of ten or 
twelve years' growth, and are drawn to a scaie of 1 m. to 4 ft. : but there 
are also portraits of fuU-grown trees, of all tbe principal kinds of which 
full-grown specimens are to be found within ten miles of London (taken 
chiefly from Syon), and these are drawn to a scale of 1 in. to 12 ft. 

Ot* some species of trees good fuU-grown examples could not be found 
within ten mues of London ; and of tnese portraits have been taken firom 
trees growing in diflTerent parts of Great Britain (particularly fi*om Studley 
Park and Dropmore) and Ireland, and, in one or two instances, from trees on 
the Continent. 

The botanical specimens of the young trees exhibit a branch in flower, the 
winter's wood when the tree is deciduous, anda brauch with ripe fmit, and with 



EXPLANATORY REFERENCES. 



Xlll 



the aiitujiuiBl leaves; besides dissections of the flowers and firuit. These were 
aU drawn on purpose for this Work, and, with a few exceptions, by J. D. C. 
Sowerbyy Esq., F.L.S., &c. See this subject ibrther^ezplained in p. 223. 

The specimens of foliage placed at the bottom of the plates of the fuU- 
grown trees may be called ** artist's folis^e," rather than *' botanical speci- 
mens." They are, for the most part, drawn by the artist who took the 
portrait of the tree (generally no botanist, and who only knew the ardstical 
diflerences in the aspect of trees), in order to get a more correct idea of what 
18 called the *" touch." 

The portraits of ali the trees, both young and full grown, were taken chiefly 
during the months of August, September, and October ; but a number were 
also ttiken during the winter season, in order to show the skeleton tree 
without its foltage; several species being as readiiy known, even to a genera] 
observer, when they are naked, as when they are clothed with ieaves. 

All the engravings of trees and shrubs given in this Work, whether along 
wiih the text, or in the last four volumes, have been drawn from nature, on 
purpose for it, by competent artists, whose names, as well as the names of the 
places, where the trees are now growing, or grew when their portraits were taken, 
are given in the List of Trees in the Table of Contents, p. cuv. ; and the greater 
niunber of the original drawings may still be seen in the possession of Uie 
author. 

In the descriptive part of this Work, under the titles of the chapters, and 
sometimes under those of the sections, are given signs, intended to show at 
a g^ce the general habit of the trees or shirubs described in that chapter or 
aection. These signs represent large, small, and middle-sized phints, and are 
88 foUowB ; the first siffn in each row indicating a dedduous tree or shrub, the 
nezt an evergreen, and so on altemately : — 



1. Round-headed trees; such as the 
oak, ash, elm, beech, &c. 




EHfflE 





2. & 3. Spiry-topped trees ; such as 
the spruce fir, larch, pine, dedduous 
cypress, &c 



QHfflaiffl 




4. Fastigiate trees ; such as the Lom- 
bardy poplar, cypress, &c. 



5, Drooping trees ; such as the weep- 
ing willow, weeping elm, &c. 



□□□□□□'• 



Shrubs. 



Under-shrubs 



\ 


1 



Em [$"1 I i I ®- Twining shrubs; 
LUlUiii Ers^t::"^ 



such as the 
menispermum, aris- 



XIV EXPLANATORY REFERENCES. 



LaAJ l<u, I UaCJ IIbJ \rrm Trri as many speci 



Climbing shnibs ; such as the cle- 
matis, ampelopsis, vtnc» &c. 



10. Trailing shrubs, the branches of 
which lie prostrate on the ground, 
but do not root into it ; such as 
many species of willow, C(8tu8,&c. 

shrubSy or such as send 
rom tbeir creeping roots, 
species of Spinei\ &c, 

The si^ put before each individual species and rariety which is described 
as endunns the open air in the climate of London, and in cultivation in 
British gardens, are the same as those used in the Gardaier^s Magazme, and in 
the Horhu Bntanmcui, viz. : — 



S Deciduous tree. 

1 Evergreen tree. 

m Deciduous shrub. 

A Evergreen shnib. 

A Deciduous under-shrub. 

tt- Evei^een under-shrub. 

^ Deciduous twiner. 



t- Everereen twiner. 
1 Deciduous cUmber. 
t. Evei^reen cliraber. 
-» Deciduous trailer. 
*• Everereen trailer. 
^ Deciduous creeper. 
%r Evergreen creeper. 



The sign -J (or uJ, ndicating agreater d^^ree of tendemess), added to any 
of the above signs in the Table of Contents, indicates that the tree or ihrub, in 
the climate of JLondon, requires protection during winter, but is considered 
likely to live against a conservative wall. Througbout the Work, wherever 
the dimensions of any tree or shrubare given, and the year when these dimen- 
sions were taken is not stated, the autumn of the year 1834, when the Work 
was commenced, is to be undecstood. 

AII the botanic names throughout the Work are accented, and have their 
origin indicated, as in the Hortut BrUannicut and the Gardener^t Magazine, 
The vowels which are sounded short are marked with an acute accent, thus 
Q, as A'ceras ; and those which are sounded long are marked with a grave 
accent, thus (>), as A^brus. The origin of each name is indicated thus : where the 
name has been applied to a plant by the ancients, the first letter is in Italic, 
as Pinus ; where it is commemorative of some individual, the letters ad- 
ditional to the name are in Italic, as B4nksia, Lambertsana, Dougl^n; 
and where an aboriginal name has been adopted, or where the name is of 
uncertmn derivation, the whole word is in Italic as, AUdntut, Caragdna, &c, 
When the narae would otherwise be in Italic, as in the case of synonymes, 
headin^s to paragraphs, ftc, these distinctions are of course reversed, as Ptnut, 
B&nksiSiy Ailintus. AII the other sdentific names,generic or specific, are com- 
posed from the Greek or Latin, with the exception of a very few, which are 
taken from places : as Araueeiria, from the country of the Araucanians ; <2uercus 
gramdntia, from the estate of Grammont; A^cex monspeli^nsis, &c. Further 
details respecting the particulars entered into in classing, describin^, and 
recording the trees and shrubs included in this Work, wilf be found m the 
Introduction, p. 1. to p. H., and in Part II. Chap. IV. p. 222. to p. 230., 
which we reconmiend the reader to peruse wtth attention. 

In the course of the Work, a few exceptions will be found to what is stated 
in thesel explanatory pases as general; but they are so very few as to be 
hardly worth notice; and the reasons for them will either be found given 
where they occur, or they are considered to be sufBciently obvious. 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



XV 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Jm 1834', before the ArhoreUm was coznmenced, about three thousand 
l^nted lists of trees and ahrabs, agreeable to the form shown in Appendix 
No. I^ were put in circulation ; and answers to these, or other information 
relating to trees and shrubs for this Arboretumy were recdved from the foUow- 
ing persons: — 

Baker, W.R.,F.H.S. 

Balfour, W., C.M.H.8. 

Bankes, W. J., M.P. 

Bames, Thomas. 

Barnet, James. 

Barron, W. 

Bateman, J., FX.8., H.S., &c. 

Bateson, Sir Robert, M.P. 

Bath, Marquess of. 

Bauer, Francis, F.R.S., L.S. 

Baumann, N., BoUwvUer. 

Baxter, W., A.L.S.,*F.H.S., &c. 

Baxter, W. H. 

Beaton, D. 

Bedford, John Duke of, F.L.S., A. 

S., H.S., &c. 
Belfield, F., jun. 
BeU, R. 

BeUa, M., Grignon, near VersaiUes. 
Bennett, S., C.M.H.S. 
Bentinck, Lieut.-Col. H. 
Bentley, A. C. 
Bentley, M. C. 

Berkeley, Rev. M. J., M. A., F.L.S. 
BetheU, R., M.P., F.H.S., &c. 
Biggs, Arthur, F.L.S., F.H.S., &c. 
Bingham, M. C. 
Bishop, Thomas, C.MJLS., C.H.S., 

&c. 
Black, Dr. 
Black, James. 
Blackadder, W. 
BiaUtie, T., C.M.C.H.8. 
Blair, Sir D. H. 
Blore, G. 
Bolton, Lady. 
Bond, John,'F.H.S., &c. 
Booth, John|iA..L.S., C.M.H.S., &e. 
Borrer, W.,F.R.S., L.S., H.S. 
Bosch, J. W., C.M.H.S., Stuttgardt. 
Bossin, M. 
Boulton, M. 
Bourgeois, M., Paris. 
Bourne, Frederick, F.H.S., &c. 



A. 



Aberdeen, George Earl of, F.R.S., 

L.8., H.S., &c. 
Ackland, 8ir T. D., Bart., M.P., F. 

H.S., &c. 
Agardh, D.C. A., Biahop of Carlstadt, 

F.L.S., &c. 
Agardh, jun., Professor of Botany, 

Lund. 
AjUonby, H. A., M.P., F.H.S.,&c. 
Aiken, H. 

Aikin, A., M.D., F.G.8.,&c. 
Ailsa, A. Marquess of, F.R.S., H. 

8., &c. 
Airlie and Lintrathen, D. O. Earl of. 
Aiton, W. T., F.L.8., H.S., &c. 
Albett, Josh. 
Alexander, J. 
AIsop, J. 

Amherst, W. P. A. Earl, P.C. 
Anderson, A. 
Anderson, G., F.H.S. 
Anderson, J., F.H.S., &c. 
Anderson, W., F.L.S., H.S. 
Andrews, M., F.H.S., &c. 
Aigyll, G. W. Duke of. 
Arundel, H. B. Lord. 
Ashbury, W. 
Ashby, W. Ashby. 
Atkins, J. 
Atty, Geo. 
Audibert, M. Urban, C.M.H.8., To- 

neUe, near Tarascon. 



B. 

Babington, C. C, M.A., F.L.S., &c. 

Bochhouse, J., C.M.H.S., 8ydney. 

Backhouse, Thos., C.M.H.& 

Bagnold, Captain. 

Bafot, W.Lord, F.L.S., tt.S.,&c. 

BaiUy de Merlieux, M. 

Baker, A. J. CresweU, F.H.8. 



\ 



XVI 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Bourae, W. Sturges, M.P., M.A^ F. 

R.S., Z*S., H.8., &c. 
BowenSy J., F.H.S. 
Bowes, J., F.H.S., &c. 
Bowmaa, J. E., F.L.S. 
Braithwaite, Edraund. 
Braybroke, R. 6. Lord. 
Brcadalbane, J. C. Marquess of. 
Bree, Rev. W. T., A.M., C.M.H.S., 

&c, 
Breese, J., C.M.H.8. 
Brennan, D., C.M.H.S. 
Britton, J., F.A.S., &c. 
Bromfield, W. A., M.D., F.L.S., &c. 
Bromley, William, F.L.8., H.S., &c. 
Brooks, Migor J. T. 
Brown, Gteorge. 
Brown, John, F.H.S. 
Brown, ML, C.M.H.S. 
Brown, Richard. 
Browne, Hay. 
Browne, Henry AugustUB. 
Bruce, James. 
Bruen, J. H. 
Bucdeugh, W. F. Duke of, K.G., 

F.R.8., L.S., &c. 
Buchan, Daniel. 
Buchan, W., F.H.S. 
Buchanan, W., F.L.S., H.S., &c. 
Buchanan, W. J. 
Buel, Jesse, C.M.H.8., Albany, 

United States. 
Bullock, J. 
Bunbury, Lieut.-Gen. Sir H. £., 

Bart, F.L.S., H.S., &c 
Burchell, W. J., F.L.S.,&c. 
Burdin, F., C.M.H.S., Turin. 
Biuvess, W. 

BurBngton, W. Earl of, F.H.S., &c. 
Busch, J., C.M.H.8., 8t. Peters- 

burg. 
Bushnan, J., F.L.S., ftc. 
Butcber, Robert. 
Byers, R. W., F.L.S., &c. 

C. 

Cady, P. 

Call, M. M., C.M.H.S., St. Peters- 

burg. 
Calthorpe, G. F. Lord, F.Z.S., H.8., 

&C. 

Cameron, D., A.L.S. 

Campbell, Lord A. ^ 

Campbell, Lord John. 

Campbell, Alezander, A.L.S. 

Campbeli, J. D. 

Canterbunr, W. Lord Archbishop of. 

D.D., F.R.S., H.S., &c. 
Carberry, J. E. Lord, F.H.S.,&c. 



Cardigan, Earl of. 

Carew, Lady H. 

Camarvon, H. J. G. H. Earl of. 

Carrick, Countess of. 

Carroll, Edward. 

Carter, J. 

Case, P. J. 

Castie, G. 

Castles, Robert. 

Cathie, Nichoi. 

Cato, John. 

Cawdor, J. F. Earl of, F.R.S., H.S., 

&c> 
Chahners, W., C.M.H.S. 
Chandler, R., F.H.S. 
Chapman, R., C.M.H.S. 
Charlwood, G., F.L.S., H.a &c. 
Chamock, Rev. J. 
Cholmondeley, H. C. Marquess of. 
Christie, W., jun., F.L.S., &c. 
Christy, W. F. 

Churchiil, Lord C. S., F.L.8.,&c. 
Cianwiiliam, R. M. Eari of. 
Clarke, Fingal. 
Clarke, John. 
Clarke, N. 
Clarke, Thomas. 
Clarke, William. 
Claus, C. 

Clive, E. Viscount, M.P., F.H.S. 
Ciive, Hon. R. P., F.H.S., &c. 
Cockbum, J., F.H.S. 
Coghlan, A. 

Colchester, C. Lord, F.H.S. 
ColUer, J., M.P. 
Coliins, Peter. 
Collinson, John. 
Combermere, 8. S. C. Viscount, P. 

C, &c. 
Cooic, Captain, 8. E. 
Cooper, J., F.H.8. 
Cooper, W. 

Copeland, W. T., M.P., F.H.S., 5tc. 
Corawallis, J. M. Earl of. 
Corson, T. 
Coventiy, Earl of. 
Cowan, reter. 
Cowens, John. 
Cniggs,W. 
Craven, Hon. K^pel. 
Cree, John, F.H.8. 
Crichton, Daniel. 
Cullis, John, F.H.S. 
Cullum, Rev. Sir T, G., Bart., A.M., 

F.H.8. 
Cumin^, G. 
Cumnung, W. C. 
Cunninj^am, Allan, F.L.8., &c. 
Currer, Miss. 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



[xvii] 



Curtia, 8., RL.S. 

CurzoD, Hon. and Rev. Frederick, 
F.U.S., &c. 

D. 

DaDiousie, G. R. Earl of. 

Dall, Jamea. 

DaiDer, Hon . 

Damley, Earl of. 

Dartmouth, W. Earl of, F.R.S., H. 

8., &c. 
Danbeny, Professor, M.D.y F.H.S., 

H. S., &c. 
Dayidson, John. 
Davis, T., F.H.S. 
Dawson, T. 
Deady, M. 

De Gandolle, Professor Alphonse. 
De CandoUe, A. P., F.R.S., L.S., 

H.S., &c. 
Dees, William. 
De Lamarre, M. 

De L^n^on, M. Durand, Coutance, 
Nonnandy. 

De la Warr, G. J.£arIof,F.H.S.,&c. 

Dc risle, P. C. Lord, F.H.8., &c. 

Deiile, M., C.M.H.S., Montpelier. 

Denbigb, W. B. P. F. Earl of. 
Deniaon, J., A.L.S. 
Denrni, M. 
Descemet, M. 

Deslongcharops, M. Loiseleur, Paris. 

De Vere, Sir Aubrey. 

Deron, W. Earl of. 

Devonshire, W. S. C. Duke of, K. 
G., F.H.8., &c. 

De Wael, Emilius, Antwerp. 

Diack, A., C.M.H.S. 

DicksoD, Archd., M.C.H.S. 

Dickson, F., C.M.H.S. 

Dickson, Robert., M.D., F.L.S., &c. 

Dickson and Turnbull, Mesars. 

DiUwyn, L. W., M.P., F.R.8., L.S. 

Dinorben, W. L. Lord, F.H.S., &c. 

Divett, Edward, M.P. 

Dobaon, 

Dolphin, Marianne. 

Don, Professor. 

Don, G., F.L.S., &c. 

DoD, J. E. 8. 

DoDald, Robert, F.H.S., &c. 

DoDaldaon, J. 

Dovaston, J. F. M. 

DowDshire, A. B. S. T. H. Mar- 
quess of. 

Drlimmond, Dr. 

Dnifflmond, H. Home. 
Drammond, Messrs. 
Drummond, J., C.M.H.S. 

[ 



DubUn, J. Archbishop of. 

Dubreuil, M., C.M.H.S., Rouen. 

Ducie, T. R. Lord, F.R.S.,H.S.,&c. 

Duffie, Thomas. 

Duffies, Alexander. 

Duncan, George. 

Duncan, J. 

Duncannon, J. W. Viscount, F.HS. 

Dunmore, G. Earl of. 

Dyroock, W. G. 

Dymoke, Hon. Champion H. 

E. 

Eaton, James 

Ebbotton, D. 

Ebrington, Lord, M.P. 

Edmunds, C. 

Elford, Sir WilUam, F.R.S., L.8. 

EUiott, G. M. 

Elworthy, J. 

EmsUe, F. 

EsdaUe, E. J. 

Essex, G. C. Earl of. 

Euston, Earl. 

Evans, — 

Ewing, John, M.P. 

Exmouth, Viscountess. 

F. 

Faldermann, C, C.M.H.S., 8t. Pe- 

tersburg. 
Farrmandy, A. 
FenneU, J. F. 
Fennessey, W. 

Ferguson, Robert, M.P., F.H.8., &c. 
Ferrard, T. H Lord Viscount, F.H. 

S., &c. 
Fintelmann, M., Potadam. 
Fischer, Professor, Moscow. 
Fischer, C. A., C.M.H.S. 
Fischer, F. E. L., M.D., F.H.S., &c. 

8t. Petersburg. 
FitzwUUam. C. W. Earl, F.H.S. 
Fleminff, Captain, R.N. 
Floud, J. 
Floyer, M. 

Folkes, Sir W. Browne, M.P. 
Forbes, James, A.L.S., &c. ' 
Forbes, Hon. 8. R., Dresden. 
Forbes, W., MlP. 
Ford, Daniel. 
Forester, M. 
Forrest, James. 
Forrest, Richard, F.L.S., H.S 
Forrest, Thomas, C.M.H.S. 
Forster, E,, F.L.S &c. 
Fox,H. 
Fox, J. 



[xviii3 



LI8T OP CONTRIBUTORS. 



Fox, Sarouel. 
Fraser, John, F.H.S. 
Frederick, Sir Ricbard, F.H.S. 
Freeling, Sir Francis, 
Frost, Philip. 



Graroball, J. 

Gardiner, Sir R. 

Gardiner, Robert. 

Garraway, J« 

Garritt, James. 

Gathell, William. 

Gendall, J. 

Gentz, C. 

George, W. 

Gibbs, Lady. 

Gibbs, T., F.H.S., &c. 

Gibson, T. 

Gilpin, Henry. 

Glazebrook, T. K., F.L.S., &c. 

Glendinning, R. 

Goldie, John. 

Goldsroid, J. L., F.L.S., &c. 

Golton, J. Howard. 

Gordon, G. 

Gordon, W. 

Gorrie, Archibald, F.H.S., C S., &c. 

Gosier, L' Abb6. 

Gostling, J. 

Gowan, J. R., F.H.S. 

Gower, Peter. 

Gower, Hon. William Leveson, F. 

H.S., &c. 
Grafton, G.H. Duke of, F.H.S., &c. 
Graharo, Robert, M.D., F.R.S., L.S. 
Grainger, J. 
Grant, Col. 

Grant, T. Macpherson. 
Gray, T., C.M.H.S., Ropsha, St. 

Petersburg. 
Green,* S. 

Greenshields, W., F.H.8. 
Gregory, Richard. 
Grey ot Groby, G. H. G. Lord. 
Grierson, William. 
Grigor, J. 

Groom, H., F.H.S., &c. 
Guest. T., M.P. 
Guildford, Eari of, F.^.S. 
Guthrie, Charles. 



H. 



Hailes, N. 
Haikett, C. C. 
Hamilton, Dr. 
Hammond, W. 
Harbeson James 



Harding, J. D. 

Hare, J., jun. 

Hare, W. 

Harewood, H. Earl of, F.H.S., &c, 

Harkness, H. 

Harrington, Earl of. 

Harris, John. 

Harrison, J., F.L.S., H.S., &c. 

Harrison, William,F.R.S., L.S., H.S. 

Hartland, Lord. 

Harvey, John. 

Haseley, S. 

Haslewood, William. 

Hathwaite, F. 

Haythom, J., C.M.H.S. 

Haythom, Z. 

H^ly, J. 

Healy, F. 

Hebbert, C. 

Henderson, A., M;D., F.H.S., &c. 

Henderson, James. 

Henderson, T. 

Henslow, Professor, J. S., M.A., &c. 

Herbert, Hon. and Rev. W., F.H.S. 

Hereford, H. F. D. Lord Viscounty 

C.P. 
Heron, Captain Basil, R. 
Hervy, M. 
Hiegins, Joshua. 
Hm, Captain. 

Hill, Lord, G.L.B., F.H.S., &c. 
Hislop, J., C.M.H.S., 
Hoare, Sir A. C, F.L.S., &c. 
Hodgins, Edward, C.M.H.S. 
Hodgson, Rev. G. 
Hodgson, Rev. John. 
Hodgson, N., C.M.H.S. 
Holford, R. S., F.L.S., H.S.. &c. 
HoUand, H. R. V. Lord, P.C., &c. 
Holt, W. 
Honner, R., C.M.H.S., Hobart 

Town, Van Diemen's Land. 
Hood, C. H. Lord Viscount. 
Hoogvorsts, Baron. 
Hooker, H. 

Hooker, Sir W. J., F.L.S., H.S., &c. 
Hope, H. J., M.P. 
Hope, Profe8Sor,T. C.,F.R.S. 
Hopgood, Thomas. 
Hosack, D., M.D., F.H.S. 
Hosie, R., C.M.H.S. 
Howard, Robert. 
Howden, John. 
Howden, Gen., Lord. 
Hughes, Robert. 

Hiime, Sir Abraham, Bart., F.HiS 
Hunneman, J., A.L.S. 
Hunt, T. K. 
l Hunt, T. L. 



LI8T OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



[xix] 



Hutchinson, Williain 
Hntton, R., F.H.S., &c. 



Irdand, R. 
Irrine, Bobert. 
Inrii^T. 



J. 



Jackson, Thomas. 

Jao^uin, Baron, J. F., F.H.S., &c., 

\ienna 
James, J. 
Jardine, Sir William Bart., F.R.S.E., 

L.S., &c. 
Jennings, John, 
Johnson, J. 

JohnstoD, Sir Alexander, F.R.S. 
Johnston, R. 

Johnstone, Edmund, F.H.S. 
Johnstone, Henry, M.P. 
Jones, B. 
Judd, D., F.H.S. 
Jtikes, H. W. 

K. 

Karwinsky, Baron. 

Kclly, Rev. Walter. 

Kcr.W. 

King, W. Lord, F.H.S., &c. 

Klouweitz, Hans. 

Knight, T. A.. F.R.S., L.S., P.H.S. 

Knight, J., F.H.S., &c. 

Knipe, J. B. 

Knowlcs, G. B., F.L.S., &c. 

Kops, Professor, Utrecht. 

L. 

Lahouchere, P. C, F.H.S., &c. 

LaCroix, L. L., Paris. 

La Gasca, Professor, F.L.S., &c., 

Madrid. 
Laidlaw, W., C.M.H.S. 
LaincU, J. 
Lamb, John. 

Lamb^ Sir Charles M., F.H.S., &c 
Lambert, A. B., F.R.S., V.P.L.S., 
Langelier, P., C.M.H.S., Jersey. 
Lansdowne, Hcnry Marquess of, 

F.R.S., L.S., U.S., &c. 
Latham, R., F.L.S., H.S., &c 
Lauder, Sir Thomas Dick, Bart. 
Law, J. 

Lawrence, Charles, F.H.S., &c. 
LawBOD, Charles. 



Lawson, John. 

Lawson, P. and Son. 

Le Blanc, Thoraas. 

Le Candele, J., Humbeque Nursery, 

near Antwerp. 
Lees, E., F.L.S., &c. 
Lemon, Sir C, Bart., M.P., F.H,S, 
Lenn^, M., Potsdam. 
Le Roy, M. Angers. 
Lewin, F. E. 
Lewis, G. R. 
Lichfield and Coventry, Hon. H« 

Rvder, Bishop of. 
LinJsay, T. M. 
Lines, J. 

Llewelyn, J. D., F.H.S., &c. 
Loch, J.. M.P., F.G.S., &c. 
Loddiges, Conrad, and Sons. 
London, C J. Bishop of, D.D., &c* 
Long, H. L. 

Longman, T. N., F.H.S., &c. 
Lorimer, Robt. 

Lothian, J. W. R. Kerr Marquess oL 
Loudon, James, Warsaw. 
Loudon, James, Ham House. 
Low, H., F.H.S. 
Lowndes, H. 
Lowndes, Richard. 
Lucombe and Pince, Messrs. 
Luke, Richard. 
Lye, W. L. 
Lyell, Charles, jun., F.R.S., L.S.y 

G.S., &c 
Lyon, Geo. 
Lyttleton, W. H. Lord. 

M. 

M'Arthur, P., F.H.S. 

Mackay, F. 

Mackay, J. T., A.L.S., M.R.I. A., &c. 

Mackey, Constantine. 

Mackenzie, Sir Jas. Stuart, Bart., 

M.P., F.H.S., &c. 
Mackenzie, P., Philadelphia. 
Mackie, J. 

MacLeay, A., F.R.S., L.S., &c. 
M'Nab, J., Edinburgh. 
M*Nab, T., C.M.H.S., Dollar. 
M'Nab, W., A.L.8., Edinburgh. 
Maddison, J., Ghent. 
Main, James, A.L.S., &c 
Major, J. 

Malcolra, William, F.L.S., H.S., &c. 
Mallet, R., A.M., &c. 
Malpas, B. 

Manetti,Giuseppe,C.M.H,S., Monza. 
Mangles, Capt. F. 
Mangles, R., F.H.S. 

8] 



[XX] 



LI8T OF CONTR1BUTOR8. 



Manners, Mrs. L. 

Marnock J. 

Marnock, R. 

Marrvatt, Mrs., F.H.S. 

Marsham, R. 

Martin, John. 

Martin, M. J. 

Martius, Dr., Municb. 

Mason, Rev. J. H. 

Masters, W., F.H.S. 

Mathews, Maria Ruthven. 

Matbies, J. 

Matthews, A., A.L.S., Lima. 

Maund, B., F.L.S., &c. 

Maunder, W. 

Maxwell, J., M.P., F.R.S., H.S., &c. 

Maxwell, Lady Heron. 

May, £. 

May, G. 

M*Donald, f , C.M.H.S. 

M*Duff, J. 

M<Diarmaid, William. 

Meara, J. 
Mearns, J., F.A.8. 
Mease, Dr., Philadelphia. 
Meiboume, Lord Viscount, P.C., &c. 
Melville, Lord Viscount, BLT., P.C, 

&c. 
Menteath, James Stuart. 
Menzies, A., F.L.S., &c. 
Metzger, M., C.M.H.S., Heideiberg. 
Michaux, Andr^, Paris. 
Middlemiss, R. 
Miller, J., A.L.S., F.H.S. 
Mills, J., F.H.S. 
Mills, PhUip John, M.P. 
Mills, Rev. Thomas. 
M<Intosh, Alexander. 
Mantosh, C, F.H.S. 
M*Intyre, James. 
Milne, T., F.H.S., A.L.S., &c. 
Mirbel, Professor, F.L.S., &c., Paris. 
Mitchenson, J. 
Mitford, Rev. J. 
M*Launachan, A. 
M*Leish, George. 
M'Leod, Donald 
M*Murtrie, W., F.H.S. 
Mof&t, J. 
MoflBit, Thomas. 
Monck, Sir C, F.H.S., &c. 
Monckton,Lieut.-General H.,F.H.S. 
Montagu, Lord. 
Moray, Earl of, K.T., &c. 
Morgan, Octavius. 
Moriey, Earl of, F.R.S., Sec, 
Mosley, Su- O., Bart., F.H.S. 
Moss, E. 
M088, Wiiliam. 



Mount Cashell, Earl of. 
Mountnorris, G., Eari of, F.R.S., 

H.S., &c. 
M*Pherson, A. 

Muirhead, Alexander, CM.H.S. 
Munchausen, Baron, Hanover. 
Munro, James. 
Murdoch, A., CM.H.S. 
Mure, William. 
Murphy, Edward. 
Murray, Mungo. 
Murray, Stewart, F.H.S., &c. 
Murray, W., F.H.S. 

N. 

Napier, Major-General, Charles Jas. 

Nash, C 

Nasmyth, Sir J., Bart. 

Neill,*Dr. P., F.L.S., &c. 

Nerrieres, M., Nantes. 

Nesfield, W. A. 

Nevill, Rev. W. H. 

Newberry, F. 

Newburgh, Earl of. 

Newell, J. 

Nickson, J. 

Nicol, W. 

Niven N., CM.H.S. 

Normann, Baron. 

Northampton, Marquess of, F.H.S. 

Northumberland, Hugh Duke of, 

K.G., F.R.S., L.S., &c. 
Nott, W. 

O. 

Ogle, H. C 

Oldaker, J., F.H.S. 

Oliver, J., CM.H.S. 

Osbom, R., F.H.S. 

Osborn, William. 

Otto, F., C.M.H.S., Beriin. 

P. 

Page, W. B., CM.H.S. 

Pamplin, W., jun., A.L.S. 

Pappenheim, M. le Baron, Paris. 

Parks, J., F.H.S. 

Parker, T. W. 

Parkins, Thomas. 

Paterson, W. 

Patterson, M. 

Paxton, Josh., F.L.S., H.S., &c* 

Pearson, B. 

Pearson, J. 

Pease, J., M.P. 

Penny, G., A.L.S. 



U8T OP CONTRIBUTOR8. 



[xxi} 



Perkhifl, H. 

Peteneo, J. P. 

Phipps, Hon. and Rey. Augustus, J. 

Pince, R. T. 

Plumtre, J. P., M.P. 

Pkinitree, Rev. H. 

PolhilU G. 

Poore, Sir Edward, Bart. 

Pope, J., aud Sodb. 

Portcr, G. 

Portland, Duke of. 

Ponnd, M. 

Powis, Edward Eari of, F.H.S. 

Pojntz, W. S., M.P., F.H.S., &c. 

Pratt, Henry. 

Prescot, A. 

Ptas, Thomas. 

Preston, C. 

Prevot, fib. 

Priest, Myles. 

Price, Sir Robert, Bart., M.P., F.H.S. 

Pringle, A., M.P. 

R. 

Radne, M. 

Itadclifle, Anna. 

Radnor, Ead of, F.H.8. 

Ramsey, I^ 

Rauch, Charles. 

Rauch, Francis. 

Rauch, Stephen. 

Reeves, J., F.R.S., H.S , &e. 

Reid, J., C.M.H.S. 

Reinwardt, Professor C. G. C, 

F.L.S., Leyden. 
Rhodes, Rey. J. A. 
Richardson, A. 
Richardson, R. H. 
Richardson, W. 
Richmond, Duke of. 
Riddell, George. 
Ri^er, M. 

Ripon, F. J., Earl of, F.R.S., H.S. 
Rivers, T., jun. 
Robert, M. 
Roberts, Job. 
Roberts, T. 
Robertson, F. • 
Robertson, John, F.H.S. 
Robins, G. 
Rock, D. 

Roden, Earl of, K.P., P.C., &c. 
Rodney, Hon. W. 
Rodney, Lord. 
Rogm, J., C.M.H.S. 
Rogers, Rev. J., F.H.S. 
RoUe, J. Lord, F.H.S., &c. 
RoUison, G., F.H.S, 

U 



Ronalds, J., F.H.S. 

Ross, J., C.M.H.8. 

Roy, J., Aberdeen. 

Royle, J. F., M.D., F.R.S., L.S., &c, 

Rutger, T. 

Rutland, Duke of, H.C., &c. 

S. 

Sallsbury, Marquess of, F.H.S., &c. 

Salmon, Rev. T. W. 

Sanders, G. 

Sanderson, Robert. 

Sang, £., M.C.H.S. 

Saunders, B., of Jersey. 

SaunderSy R. 

Schneevooght, G. V., C.MH.S., 

Haarlem. 
Schoch, M. 

Schouw, Professor, Copenhagen. 
Schubert, M., C.M.H.S., Warsaw. 
SckeU, C, CM.H.S., Munich 
Scott, J. 
Seitz, C J. 

Shaftesbury, Countess of. 
Shepherd, H., F.L.S., &c. 
Shields, George. 
Shirley, W. P. 

Shrewsbury, J. Earl of, F.H.S., &c. 
Shuttleworth, Charles. 
Sidmouth, Lord Viscount, P.C, &c. 
Silverlock, G., F.H.S., &c. 
Simmons, T. 
Simpson, Henry. 
Simpson, Joseph. 
Sinclair, James. 
Sinnot, Rev. Dr. 
Skehnersdale, Edward B. Lord, 

F.H.S. 
Skinner, J., C.M.H.S. 
SroaUman, John, Architect. 
Smith, Alexander. 
Smith, D. 

Smith, James, F.H.S. 
Smith, John, A.L.S., F.H.S., &c. 
Smith, R. 

Smith, Rev. Sydney. 
Smith, W., F.H.S. 
Soraerset, Duke of, K.G., F.R,S., 

P.L.S. 
Soulange-Bodin, Le ChevaUer E., 

CM.H.S., Fromont. 
Sowerby, J. D. C, F.L.S., &c. 
Sowerby, C E., A.L.8. 
Sparrow, John. 
Speirs, Alexander, M.P. 
Spence, W., F.R.S., L.S., &c. 
Spencer, J. 
Spiker, Dr., BerUn. * 
3] 



[xxii] 



LIST OF C0NTRIBUT0R8. 



Spong, Charles, C.M.H.S. 

Spring, C. 

St. Aubyn, Slr John, Bart., F.L.S. 

Staniford, Earl of. 

Stanhope, P. H. Earl, F.R.S., H.S. 

Stanley, E., M.P. 

Stanley, Sir T. S. M., Bart., F.H.S. 

Staunton, Sir George Thomas, Bart., 

F.R.S., Li.S., &c. 
Stephens, H. 
Steven, C, C.M.H.S., Nikitka, Cri- 

mea. 
Stewart, A. 

Stewart, D., F.R.S., L.S., &c. 
Stewnrt, Robert Bnice. 
Stewart, Sir M. Shaw, M.P. 
St. Germains, Eari. 
St. Marie, M. 
Stock, Daniel, A.L.S. 
Stone, George. 

Storey, Rev. 

Stowell, Lord. 

Strachan, G. 

Straneways, Hon. W. T. H. F., 

F.H.S., &c. 
Street, J., C.M.H.S. 
Strickland, Miss. 
Strom, M. 
Strong, Charles. 
Stuart, W. 

Surrey, C. H. Eari of, M.P., F.H.S., 
Sutheriand, G. G., Duke of, F.H.8., 
Sydney, M. J. F. 

T. 

Tait, John. 

Taunton, W. P. 

Taylor, F., C.M.H.S. 

Taylor, S. 

Taylor, Thomas, M.D., F.L.S., &c. 

Taylor, William. 

Templeton, Mrs. 

Thorburn, G., C.M.H.S., New York. 

Thorn, Wiiiiam. 

Tighe, William F. 

Tougard, M. 

Toward, Andrew. 

Trail, Miss, F.H.S. 

Traill, James, A.L.S., Cairo. 

Trevelyan, W. C, F.H.S., &c. 

Turnbull, A., CM.H.S. 

Tumer, G. and T. 

Turner, H., F.H.S. 

Turner, T. 

Tyler, W. 

Tyso, Rev. J. 



V, 



Vandamme, M. 



Vandergelt, M. 

Vandermaelen, M., F.H.S., &c. 
Van Eden, A. C, C.M.H.S., Haar- 

lem. 
Van Wael, M., Antwerp. 
Vaughan, Sir R. W., Bart., F.H.S. 
Varden, R. 
Veitch, J., F.H.S. 
Veltheim, Graf, Hanover. 
Verney, H. 
Vernon, Lord. 
Verulam, Earl of. 

Vilmorin, P. P. A., CM.H.S., Paria, 
Vulliamy. T. S. 
Vymer, R. 

W. 

Wagstaff, E. 

Wiieford, Robert. 

Walker, C 

Walker, J., F.H.S. 

Walker, T. E. 

WaU, C B., M.P., F.R.S., H.S., &c. 

Wallace J. 

Walloch, N., M.D., F.R.S.,LS., &c. 

Walsinghan), Rev. T. Lord, F.L.S. 

Walsh, Rev. R., L.LJ)., CM.H.S. 

Walter, J., M.P. 

Wank, Franz, Briick on the Leytha. 

Ward, John, F.HS., Z.S., &c. 

Ward, Lady. 

Warmesley, G., M.P. 

Warren De Tably, Lord. 

Waterer, M., F.H.S., &c. 

Watkin, A. 

Watson, H. C, F.L.S., &c. 

Watson, J. 

Watt, James. 

Watts, W. 

Webster,J.,F.H.S. 

Webster, William. 

Weddell, H. 

Wells, W., F.H.S., &c. 

Wemyss, Earl of. 

Westminster, Marguess of, P.C. 

Westwood, J. 0.,F.L.S. 

Whallev, J., F.H.S. 

Whitc^J., F.H.S. • 

Whittit, G., M.C., H.S. 

Wicklow, Earl of. 

Wilkes, R. S. 

Wilkins, W., C.M.H.S. 

Williams, G. W., M.P. 

Wilmore, Mrs. 

Wilmot, Sir Eardley. 

Wilson, D. 

Wilson, J., CM.H,S. 

WdsoD, John S. 



EPITOHE OF THE CONTENTS, 



[xxiii] 



WilsoD, Ndll. 

WflaoD, Sir GriffiD. 

WilaoD, Sir T. M., F.H.S. 

WiDchester, Biahop of, F.H.S., &c. 

WiDch, N. J., A.L.S. 

WiDchester, Heory, F.H.S., &c. 

Wodzicki, CouDt Staaislaus, Cracow. 

Wood, G. 

Wood, J. F. F. 

Wood, Neville. 

Woods, H., A.L.S. 

Woolf, M. 

Wooluck, J. 

Wraight, W. 

Wright, HeDry, 



WrightsoD, Mrs. 

Wrottesley, Sir J., Bart., M.P. 

Y. 

Youell, J., A.L.S. 

YouDg, A. 

YouDg, Messrs. C. J. and P. 

Young, J., C.M.H.S. 

Young aod Penny, Messrs. 

Young, R.. F.L.S. 

Young, William, M.D., F.L.S. 



Z. 



Zettersteck, M. 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 



H» BaiKun numenU refer to tbe ConteoU in ftiU ; the Arablc figuret, to the hodj of the work. 



VOL, L 



IHTRODUCTION 

FtBrt L Gbography 

HlSTORT 



C«ntaits. 



Tcst. 
1 



AND 



* xiii. 15 



Chap. L 
Among the Kations of Antiquity - xiiL 15 



Chap. IL 
In the British IslaDds 



- xui. 20 



SiCT. L Native Trees and 
Shrubs 



- xiii. 20 



• «• 

xui. 



••• 

XUL 



SxcT. IL Foreign Trees and 
Shrubs introduced - 

SuBncT. 1. Trees and Shnibs 
introduced by the Ro- 

Sqbskct. 2. Trees and Shnil» 
introduoed in the 16th 
Century 

SuBszcT. 3^ TreesandShnibs 
introduoed in the 17th 
Century 

ScssKCT. 4. Trees and Shrubs 
introduced in the 18th 
Century 

SuBSxcT.5: TreesandShrubs 
introdueed in the 19th 
Centory • . xiv. 



31 



32 



• xm. 35 



- xui. 40 



••• . ^ 
- xiu. 44 



. '. . Contcati. Tat^ 

Chap. IIL 
History and Geography of the 
Trees and Shrubs of the Con- 
tinent of Europe - • xiv. 132 

SxcT. I. Trees and Shrubs of 

France - - . xiv. 132 

SxcT. II. Trees and airubs of 
Holland and the Nether- 
lands - - - XIV. 143- 

Sect. Iir. Trees and Shrubs 

of Germany and Hungary - xiy. 145 

Sxct. IV. Trees and Shrubs 
of Denmark, Holstein, 
Sweden, Lapland, Finland, 
loeland, Greenland, and 
the Faroe Islands 

SxcT. V. Trees and Shrubs of 
Russia and Foland 



117 
[a4] 



- XV. 153 



- XV. 155 



SxcT. VI. Trees and Shnibs 
of Switzerland 



- XV. ICI 



SxcT. VII. -Trees and Shnibs 
of Italy, Greece, Spain, 
Portugal, and the Mediter- 
ranean Islands 



- XV. LG4 



- XV. 1G8 



SffBSECT. 1 . Trees and Shruba 
of Italy 

SuBsxcT. 2. Trees and Shrubs 

of Spaln and Portugal - zr. 7 70 



[xxiv] 



EPITOME OF TUE CONTENTS. 



Tot. 



SuBSBCT. 3. Trees and Sbrubs 
of Turkey and Modem 



Greece 



- XV. 171 



Chap. IV. 

Trees and Shrubs of AsU, Afirica, 
America, and Australia, suit- 
ablelbrtheCliinateofBritain zr. 172 

Sbct. I. Trees and Shrubs of 

Asia suitable fi>r Britain - xv. 172 

Sbct. II. Trees and Shrubs of 

Africa suitable fbr Britain - zv. 177 

SxcT. III. Trees and Shrubs 
of America suitable for 
Britain - - - xv. 173 

SuBSBCT. 1 . Trees and Shrubs 

cf North Amerioa - - xv. 178 

SuBsxcT. 2. Treesand Shnibs 

of South America - xv. 185 

SxcT. IV. Trees and Shrubs of 

Australia and Polynesia - xv. 185 

Chap. V. 

Literature of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Temperate Climates 



- XV. 187 



Chap. VI. 



Conclusion 



- xvi. 190 



Part IL SciENOB of thb 
Studt of Trees - 

Chap. I. 
Study of Trees Pictoriaily - 

SxcT. I. Study of FormB - 

Sbct. IL Study of Expression 
and Character 



- xyi. 192 

- xvL 193 

- xvi. 193 



- xvL 198 



SxcT. IIL Mode of drawing 
Trees from Nature, so as to 
give the Pictorial Expres- 
sion of the Species 

Chap. II. 

TVees and Shrubs considered Bo- 
tanicaUy ... 

Sbct. I. Clasrification • 

^Sbct. II. Distinction between 
Species and Varieties 

Sbct. IIL Mode of describing 
Trees and Shrubs - 



- XVI. 202 



XVL 211 
xvL 211 

xvL 212 

xvL 212 



T«t. 

Sbct. L In Uncultivated Na^ 

ture - - - xvL 220 

Sbct. II. With Reference to 

Man - - - xvi» 221 

chap. ly. 

Summary of the Description and 
Natural and Economical 
HistoryofTreesandShrubs - xvL 22« 



Part IIL Arboretum and 

Fruticetum. 

"RanunculdcecB Dec. 

Cl^matis L. 
AtiiQene L. 

PcBoniaceeB Dec, 

Pssdnia L. 
Xantborhiza L. - 

Winterkcesd R. Br. 
IUiciuin L, - - < 



MagmViBcete Dec. 

Map^DoIia L. 
Linodendron L. 



mdbmm 



Chap. III. 
Uses of Trees and Shrubs • 



• zvL 219 



DiUenikcesR Dec. 

HlbUrtlA 

Anon&ceae Bick. 

Afimina Adans. 

Ann5nii L. - - 

Orekidoedrputn Mx. 
Fort^H»^ Per», 

SchtzandrdcecEt Blume. 
8chiz6ndra Mx - 

Sphaorocttau BL • • 

SareoerfrpM BI. 

MenispermdcetB Dec. 
Menisp^rmum £. - 

C6ccuiu8 Bauh, - 
Wendldwlih Wm, 
AndrdpkiiiuVfeDdl. 
JBawngdrila, Mcench. 

Berberaceas LindL 

Berberidea Vent. 
SerheTtt L. - • 

Mahonta Nutt 

Odoei^mon Baf. 



CruciferdcecB Lindl. 

Cruciferie Jtfw. 

nwtiL. - 

Chcirtfnltrai 

ififnom • 

/writ . > • 

LcpidliUB • • 

SU^iPlirittm • • 



xvn. 

xyii. 

xvii. 
xvui. 



• •• 

XVUl. 

... 

xvni. 
xviii. 

... 

XVIU. 

xviii. 

xix. 

xix. 
xix 

xtz. 

slz. 

xix. 

xlz. 
XX. 
XX. 

XX. 
XX. 
XX. 



XX. 

zx. 
xz. 



XX. 
XX. 
XX. 

XX. 
XX. 

XX. 

XX. 
XX. 

xxi. 

xxi. 

CzItL 

xxi. 
xxi. 

zzl. 
zsi. 
zzi. 
xzl. 

ZZl. 

ni. 



231 
231 

232 

246 

249 

249 

255 

256 
256 

259 

260 

284 
«II 

S91 

292 

S9S 

292 

292 

298 
292 
292 

295 

295 
S95 
S9» 

296 

296 

297 
29r 

297 
296 

298 

298 
308 

SQ8 
SA3r 

312 
312 

515 
515 
515 
515 
315 
518 



EPITOME OF TH£ CONTENTS. 



[xxv] 



CappariddcecR Lind. 

OpiMrtdnB Jwct. 

O&pparis £. • 

Cistucecs Lindl. 

CistfnMeDec. 

Ctstas 2^. • 

di^themum Toum^ 
Hiidsoiita L. - 

Vohfgaldce<B Lindl. 
PitiosparacetB Lindl. 

FHtotpteMB JZ. A-. 



Contwts. 

zxL 
xxi. 
xxi. 



Cn. 



Caryapkyttdcei 






Alfkl. 



Lt>ta<%s(e Lindl. 

L 

Mo/oj^a Juss. 



BMscqmL. 



SteradidcefB Vent. 
Stmulia £r. - 

TiUacecB Juss. 

TernMtrSmiBoem Dec 
Malachod^Ddron Cav. 

%tfATtia Cav 
Oordoiua £J]is 

XtfMlMaSal. 

Cam^llia L. 



xxu 

xxii. 

XXV. 

XX vL 

XX vL 

zztL 
sxtI. 

XTfi. 

zztI. 

xxvi. 

nrl. 
xxtL 
UtI. 
>xtL 

xxvi. 
xxvi. 

ZZTi. 

XX vi. 

ZZTl. 

zzvL 

xxvi. 
XX vi. 

xxvii. 
xxvil 

zzfii. 

xxvii. 
xxvii. 



- xxvui. 

- xxviii. 

- xxviii. 

- xxix. 

zzlz. 



1«. 



Dw. 

Hypericitcea Lindl. 

JTfperleinea J>0e. 



zsiz. 
xzlz. 



Tflrt. 

313 

313 

316 

317 
328 
354 

355 

S56 

356 

856 
»7 
359 
850 

350 

359 

SM 
359 
859 
359 

360 

3d0 

360 

360 

361 

363 
363 

363 
363 

364 

364 

lUUl 

376 
377 

378 
378 



381 
392 

396 



AuraMihcecB Corr. xxix. 395 



395 
896 



xxix. 396 



^Typ^ricum L, ^ • 

Tritgium Clas. 

ilndrosse^mum Chou. 

O^maum L*Obet. 

Acer^a Lindl. 

jf cerlneie Drc. 
A^cer - - . 

Negdndo Mcench 

N^tindluin Raflm, 
Jkhimm HamlU. 

JEsculdcetB Lindl. 

CktUneioe» Lk. 
Hippocattaneie Dee. 

- J^sculus L. - 

Hmtoedetamm Tourn. 

'Pkvia Boer. 

SapvndiUx<B Juss. 
Kdlreut^ria Laxm. 

Sapbuhu L. fil. 
Dodao^a L. 

lAeliace<B Juss. 
Yit&cea. Lindl. 

ntisZr. 

Ampeldpsis Mkhx. 

CUmatL, 

QeraniiUiem Dec. 

PalMllAafaun L* AWf. 

ZygophyUctcees Lind. 

Zfgoph^Ues R. Br. 
lCcUiBthiu L. 
Zyfaph^lum L. 

KutdcecB Lindl. 

Ratm Jnu. 
Itiit2LL. 
AplopbyUnm Ami. Ju$$. • 

XanihoxyldcetB Lindl. 

Xanthox^lea Neee. 
Pteleilceae Kvmtk, 

Xanthdxylum L, • 

Kampmdmdik Rtifin, 
FagAra Lam. 

Pt^Iea 2/. 

Beliada Aiane, 

Ail&ntu9 Desf. 

CoriacetB Lindl. 

Cbniee« Dec, 

Corikria Niu. 

Staphyhhcece Dec. 
Staphylea L, • 

Stapkylodinarim Toum. 



CantMilk 

xxix. 

xxix. 

XXX. 

XXX. 


T«st. 

397 

397 

403 

408 


XXX. 


404 


XXX. 


405 


xxxL 


460 




46t 


xxxii. 

1 


462 


xxxii. 


462 


xxxii. 


469 


xxxiii. 


475 


xxxiii. 


475 


nziil. 


476 


xxxiii. 


476 


zzxHL 


477 


xxxiii. 


477 


xxxiii. 


477 


xxxiii. 

ZXZUL 


481 

463 


xxxiv. 


483 




483 


zxxtv. 


484 


ZZZlT. 
ZZZiT. 


484 
484 


xxxiv. 




xxxiv. 


XOTf 

487 



xxxiv. 



- xxxiv. 

- xxxiv. 

- xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 

- xxxiv. 

xxxiv. 

- xxxiv. 



487 

ASA 

489 
490 
493 

492 

492 
493 



CelaetriuxcB Dec. 

i?u6aymu9 Toum^ 
GeiasmuZ^. 



Kemop^thes Raf. 
ifidSMflr Dum. C 



Coiin. 



xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 

XXXV. 



VOL. IL 



495 
496 
502 



XXXV. 503 



Maytemu Feuill 

SenddMLam, 
CaMiuh. 

MsmroeinU MW, 
H«rtt)riaDgc. • 

SckrAtr^ Tkmtb. 



XXXV. 



503 

608 
604 



[xxvi] 

Aquifoli^ceie Dec. 

Mygfnila Jacq. - 

i'Iei L. - . 

AquUiUui* Toun. 
Prinos X. - - 

Ajifria Aduu, 

RluannAcea Lindl. 

AtainiDW O». 

Pfdiilrua L. - 
Berchemia Neck. 
ifhdmniis Lam, 



EPITOHE OF THE CONTENTS. 




BruniSiCese R. Br, 
Somalinacea Lindi. 



Anacardihcea Lindl. xxiii. 

Anwdlte .BroKn- 

i^stJcia L. - - ijtxix. 



BurseracetB Kunth. 
Amyridhcea Lindl. 

AajntiBm R. Bt. 

LeguminostB Juss. 
SophdraR. Br. - 
Virgflia L. . 

Piplirthus Sml. - 
7Vm^/f D. Dop. 
Boflfiia Hogk. 



trlei L. 

Stauracinthui Ui. 
SfiiSrtiuBi Dec. 

Sparliiiulmi U. 
Genfsta Lam. - 

GeDiusucn ima. 
CJtisus L. 
Adenocirpus Dec. - 
Ononia L. 

Am^rpha 



£ni9ridiaHi 



Cylfiu PiU. 
Coliitea R. Sr. 



Sarc^^llDiii n 



Coroniila Neck. 



XPITOME OP THE CONTENTS. 



[xxvii] 



G. m4. n. 
WisUina Natt. - 
Gigemtl., 
Tkgndntku» EttkM. 
Kra6nJUa Bafin. 
A^pio» Purah. 
Aniu^w» Walt. 
FMastoloide* H.Angl. 

FatiijiMnM 
WalL 



Contentt 

zlviU. 



Tnt. 
64« 



xlvilL 647 



Gteditschia L. 
G^o6cladus Lam. 

Cmlandina. L. 
Ifyperamthira VaU. 

Cercis L. 

Sfliqmdttrum Toiirn. 

taia AtL. 

CaT. 

Cffniiflia Xo 

, Dmfa MBL 
lAfC 
IMRfaG. 



zItU. 

XlTiU. 

slTitL 
XlvUJ. 

XlTlU. 

xlviii. 



cfeii 



Rosacea Dec. 

Amygdalus 7>>ttrR. - 
jM^^edaUpkora Neck. 

Triekoedrpms StCik. 

ArmeolacH Toum, - 

Aunas Thurn. 

Frumdpkora NMk. 

Ccrasas Jum. 

Lamroeiraima Toorn. 
PuTshta Dec. 

Tigilm Pvrcib. 

Kema Dec. . - 

CtfrcAon» Tbnnb. 
iSJpine^ JL, 
i2ubu6 Xr. - 
PotentiUa L, 
jRosa Xr. 

RMod^pkora Neck. 

Lowea Lindl. 

O^ta^^s Lmd/. - 

Photinia Lindl. - 

Cotonedster Med, • 

Ameldjtchier Med. - 

3fi^pilu8 Xnu/A - 
M espOUphora ytfcJt. 

PJTus Lmdl, - 

MaAw Toum. 
Sdrter Toum. 
iPjirn^pAonnii Neck. 
Mnr^6pkorum Neck. 
Furdater Bay. 
A rw L*Obel. 
Ar^ma Pen. 

Qpdonia Tbvni. 
Cbsnom^Ies 



xllx. 

Xiix. 
xlix. 
xUx. 
xlix. 
xlix. 
xllx. 
xUx. 

xiix. 

xUx. 
xUx. 
xlix. 
xUx. 

xlix. 
xlix. 



1. 
1. 

li. 

liii. 

liii. 



— . R. it F. 

MizcnieirpM A. i< P. 
JCaMAnM Lam. 
Amaarwm !<•». 
\H.B.H Jf. 

jjr«e.c(SM. 

iTaW 

U ^ - 



Ixviii. 
Ixviii. 

Ixix. 
Ixfx. 
Ixix. 
Ixix. 

Ixix. 

Ixlx. 
Ixlx. 



M9 
649 
649 
649 
649 

650 



xlviii. 656 



xlviii. 657 



660 
660 
660 
660 
660 
660 
661 
661 
661 
661 
661 
661 
66S 

670 
673 



1. 679 



681 
684 

692 

721 

722 



liii. 


722 


liv. 


733 


Ivi. 


747 


Ivi. 


748 


Ixi. 


812 


Ixi. 


813 


Ixiv. 


868 


Ixv. 


869 


Ixv. 


874 


Ixv. 


877 



Ixv. 879 



929 
931 

93t 
933 
934 
934 

93A 

S85 

935 
993 



CalycanihhcecB Lindl. 
Calycdnthus Lindl. - 

BuUnMML Du Ham, 
BeurririA Ehrh. 
BastiriM, Adant. 
PompadoanL Budkox. 

Chimon^nthus Lindl, 

MerktU Neet. 

GranatctcecB D. Don. 
Punica Toum, 

Onagr&cecB Lindl. 

PAdttiaL. 

Skbmen itceneh, 
NahClda Sckneepoogt 

TuyihrdceiB Lindl. 
Helmia ... 
Lagerstrce^mia L. - 

T!amaricaceiS. 

7%marix Detv, 

TamarUau All. 
Myrlcarla Deev. 

l?hiladelphdce€B, 
Phiiadelphus X. . 

Syringa Toum. 

Decum^ria L, " 

Forsyth\A Walt. 
DcAttla Thunb. . . . 



Contniti. 

Ixix. 



TriMAnU R, Br. 
BnuflSrtla R. Br. 
Calothtonus Jt. Br. 
MdaleftcB £. 
Eudtemla Jl. Br. 
EucalVptiu L'HirU. 
Anm6vhan Cav. 
CiilUttifDoa Dk. 
Mctro«lil*m Gmln. 
Lcptontfnnnm ForU. 
Blttiiia R. Br. 
Pabrlcla Uartn. 
Ba^ckia Andr. 
PUdium JU 
Jryrtoo L. 

Cbainiela&clum Dmf. 
CAlythrix Jt. Br. 
Darwinia Rodf* 



Mt/rt& 



ce<B. 



Ixix. 
Ixix. 

Ixix. 

Ixix. 



Ixx. 

Ixx. 

Ixx. 

Ixx. 

Ixx. 

Ixx, 

Ixx. 
Ixx. 

Ixxi, 

IxxL 



Ixxl. 
Ixxi. 
txxi. 
Ixxl. 
lui. 
IxxL 
Ixxl. 
Ixxl. 
Ixxi. 
Ixxl. 
IxxL 
Ixxi. 
Ixxl. 
Ixxi. 
Ixxi. 
Ixxil. 
IxxiL 
IxxU. 



PassWoraeecB Lindl. 

ratiUldrQae Juss, 



PoHiflbru L. 
IMi^nw Dmc. 
TacfAHia JoM. 



Ixxii. 
Ixxil. 
Ixxli. 



Ttat. 

935 



Ixix. 936 



Ixix. 937 



939 
939 

942 

944 



€\AA. 

945 
945 

946 

947 
949 

950 
951 

955 

966 



Ixxi. 956 



956 
957 
957 
05J 



958 
960 
960 
961 
961 
961 
961 
961 
961 
961 
964 
964 
964 



Ixxii. 964 



96« 
965 
965 



CrassuldcecB Dec. Ixxii. 965 

SMum L. . ' . . IxxU. 965 

ScmpcrTiTum L. ■ Ixxtl. 965 

Anaedmpmr9$ Hkw. . . Ixxil. 96^ 

MesemhryacecB LindK Ixxii. 966 

McMmbrytfnthsmum • IxxU. 966 

NitrarihcecB Lindl. Ixxii. 966 

Nitrariai. - - Ixxii. 966 

Cacthcece LindL IxxiL 967 

CMJuts, 

OptmO^Hm. . . IxzU. 967 
C4autU 



[xxviii] 



£PITOME OP THE CONTENTS. 



Cfrassuldcea Dec. 
Hibes L. - 

Grouuldria Tottni. 
Ckrif$oh6irifa Spach. 
CalMtrya Spach. 
Coredtma Spach. 
BHbt» Spaek. 

EscaUaniaceBd JR. Br* 
rteaL. - - - 

CeOrila Loar. 
Dictm^tiutia Mx. 

Eflcaltonta Mutis - 

8tere6»yloH R. «t P. 

SaxiJrdffetB Dec 
Hjdiingea X. 

UmbeUifsrtB Juss* 
.Supleurum Totim. - 

TenMhSpret^. 
BttprMi* Spreng. 
hiseli Bauh. 

AralidcetB Juss. 

Ar^ia X. - 

jfiTiMera Swartz 

HamameldceiB Lindl. 

/ramameUde» il. Br» 

•^araam^lis Xr. - 

Trilotnu Mi(h. 

Fothergiila L. - - 



CcBlHMi. Toct. 

Ixxii. 967 
Ixxii. 968 



Ixxiy. 992 
Ixxiy. 992 



- ixxiv. 993 



Ixxv. 
Ixxv. 



994 
994 



Ixxv. 997 
Ixxv. 997 



ComdcecB Lindl. 

C6riie« Dec. 

C6mus L. 

Virga Matth. 

Benthfimia Lindl. - 
LaranthacecB Lindl. 

LorCnthett Jwu», 

Ffscum L, 
Aitcuba Thunb. • 

Eiibam Sal. 
hatiaOm L. • 

Caprifolihcem Richd. 

iSlambiicus Totam. - 
Tkifieiana Lour. 

Fibiirnum JS. - 

0'ptilt» Toum. 
Tinui Toum. 

IMervflla - - - 

WeigeU Tkunb, 
WeigiAa, Pen. 

Lonicera Desf. 

Capr^Uum Jum. 
Xfl6steum Juu. 
ClumMeciratue Toom. 
Tfericl^menum Toura. 
JhMiteoH Tourn. 
N!nto<ia Swt. 
UOuiBiirck. 
Iilca Moenck. 

S^pboridirpos JJiU, 
Sirmpkoric&rpa Neck. 
Synatkbria Pen. 
Inie&ntkui^fiVA. ' 



Ixxv. 

Ixxv. 
Ixxv. 

Ixxv. 

Ixxv. 
Ixxvi. 

Ixxvi. 



998 

998 
999 

1006 
1007 
100 

1009 



Ixxvi. 


1009 


Ixxvii. 
Ixxvii, 


1019 
1020 


Ixxvii. 
ixxvii. 


1021 
1026 


llZTtt. 

Ixxvii. 
Ixxvii. 


1016 

1027 
1027 


IxxviL 


1032 


Ixxix. 


1042 


Ixxix. 


1042 



- Ixxxi. 1058 



Leycest^rJa Wall 
HamiRn, Puer, 



CciBtMlH. 

• Ixxxi. 



Tcst. 

1060 



Rubic^cea Juss* Ixxxi. 1061 



Cephaldnthus L. - 

Pliicknftj« Mtchx. 

CiMcA^mMr. 
Salatti Camm. 

i*!ftbila Lem. 

BwMMta L*BMI. 

SfermatUtDmi, 
mcamMAU, 

JtartiAvto Jldhk 
r^tUitL. 
A nfh <ii|i fc ii> u iii L, « 

itnMiiaWalih. 
Mbtel.. 
BottTtfrdfa H. B. «t K. 

nimatmltt f 
lCnfttw Cham. ft SdiL 



• Ixxxi. 



Izzzl. 
Isszi. 
Isxsl. 

IZBd. 

ItttI. 
hczzf. 
IzzzL 

IzzsL 
IzzzL 
IzzsL 
IzzzL 
Iszzl. 

Izzzl. 



LobeRkceed Juss. Ixxxi. 



nwaG. Doo 

LobiUaPont. 



jTTTl. 



CampanuldcecB R. Br. Ixxxi. 

IzzzL 



M6Mchte DuiBart. 
Cam^dMtUtL. 

Compdsita Adans. 

Stfehelina Lessing - 
^iccharis R. Br. • 
/HwL. - 
Santoiina L, 
^rtemfsta Cass. 

Abritanus Dod. 
^ Abehitkium Lob. 

iJelichrjsum Legang 

GnapkdUum L. 
Stee^ckas Dod. 

Ast^lmia R. Br. 
Cinerl^ria Leuing - 

Jaoobce ^ ^mp, 
AgaOue^a Cas. 
Carltnrfiia M«ench > 

Om>6rtaiaU. 
XNcUita VH€fH. 
]i«reUi*7« Willd. 
CuUtinJa R. Br. 
OthtfnnaL. 

Ootaotptennni L. . 

Cidtfndata FM. 
MntWa D. Uon 
DdhUa Car. 
AtaUnthm O. Ikm 

PrmOHAML. 
Sdnchus Jaeq. 
VanteiJa Hook. 
Afttm t^. ^ 

Chrjttfconia L. . 
BnBhjlm^a» Smt. 
Coniia L. . 
PodUnihiis Liadl. 
Culd tlum ffmv 
CkcAlia L. . 

FnniMa WiUd. 
CEMna Tbnnb. 
I^ihnun nrutd. 
ImMtaCaM. 
itthanksta L. ■ 

Aolsanilta J>icf. 
Pidntia WUId. • 

TmmeMwm LlUiiL 
Erloc^phalua L. 
SanMoL. 

Tarchontfnthw Lom. 
Erldooma D. Don 

EpacridticetB Lindl. 

Ppacrldeae Br, 

BtjphMia Jl. Ar. 

Stcnonth^ R. Br. 

CYatfa6d«a Lok 

liMdntho H. Br. 

LeucopbKon JL Br. 

Mondtoca R. Br. 

Trochocdrpa IL Br, > 

E^paeiii FbrtL . 

Lgrrinibna Jt. Br. • 

ABdcn6Dla R. Br. . - 



Ixxxii. 

Ixxxii. 
IxxxiL 
ixxxii. 
Ixxxij. 
Ixxxii. 



1061 

106S 
10«t 
106t 
106t 
10« 
106t 

loet 

I06t 
106t 
106t 
106» 
106t 
106t 
106t 

1063 

1063 



1063 

106S 

1063 

1064 
1065 
1066 
1066 
1068 



- Ixxxii. 1070 



Ixxxii. 


1070 


Ixxxii. 


1070 




107t 




107t 


• hasli. 


107t 


• Izsiii. 


:107t 


. Izzzii. 


107t 


. Izszili. 


:i07t 


• Izsziil. 


]07t 


■ Izzziil. 


107t 


• IzzziU. 


1078 


. Ixsziil. 


1075 




107S 


• IzzsilL 


1073 


- IzszlU. 


1073 


• IzssiH. 


1078 




1073 


• Issziil. 


1078 


• IzssMl. 


1078 


. Iszsili. 


1074 


. IzsziU. 


1074 


. IsssiU. 


1074 


- IszzUi. 


1074 


. Isssiii. 


1074 


. Iszsfll. 


1074 


. IzzziU. 


1074 


IzszlU. 


1074 


- IzzziU. 


1074 


. IsxsUi. 


1074 


. IzzxiiL 


1074 


. IzxziU. 


1074 


. hczsUi. 


1074 


Ixxxiii. 


1075 


. Izzslil. 


1076 


IzzziU. 


1076 


. IxzziU. 


11075 


. IzzziU. 


1073 


IzxzUL 


11073 


. Isxsili. 


1075 


. Uzstii. 


1073 


. IszsllL 


1073 


■ • IzzzUi. 


1073 


- Uzsil. 


1073 



EPITOME OF THE COMTENTS. 



[xxix] 






R.]lr. 



Tcst. 
1075 
107« 



Ericdcece Juss. Ixxxiii. 1076 



j^ca 2>. Don 
QjpaockMia Sal. - 
(Mikna Sai. 



I». JlHt 

A. 

iL. 
MKDm 

J». J 
O. 
lA. 

Aiicir6ined0 L. 

Foi^fhiia Bnxb. 

Caaiioptf D. Don 
Cm&Qdni D. Don 
ZendbiaD. Don 



Ljooia Nntt. 
Leacothdir D. Don 
Pkris I>. />of» 
FbyUodoor Sal. • 
Dabs^cia D. Don 

ilrctostipbylos Adam, 
Fernettya Gaud. - 
Gadth^L. - 
EpigieHi I^. 

McaUqrtaM 1f X. 

Fbaleroc&rpus G, Don 
ClkhraX. 
Aodod^ndron L, - 

BMftniL. 
CMawuerkododimJroi Toarn. 

Kihnia L. - 

Menn^sia Sm. • - 

AzUea D. Doi» - 

CkmmmOdomlJi 

Leioph^Uum Per9» - 

><M« Pttnh. 
S»«rte. 



- Ixxxiii. 

- Ixxxiii. 

- IxxxT. 

. Izxihr. 

IuxIt. 

tax lT. 
• facaclT. 

ISZXlT. 
IXZXiT. 
IxZXlT. 

IzzxIt. 
buxlT. 
IzzzIt^ 
IzxzIt. 
IzzzIt. 

•> Ixxxv. 

- Ixxxvi. 

• Ixxxvi. 

- Ixxxvi. 

- Ixxxvi. 

- bcxxvi. 

- Ixxxvii. 

- kxxvii. 

• Ixxxvii. 



Ledom Xr. 
racdninm L, 
ritb idae^a 
Qxjo6cca8 Pen, • 



- kxxvii. 
> Ixxxviii. 

- Ixxxviii. 

- Ixxxviii. 

- b^xxviii. 

- Ixxxviii. 

- Ixxxviii. 
• buLxix. 



xcu. 
xcii. 
xdi. 

xdi. 

xcii. 

xcii. 

xcii. 

xciii. 

xcIt. 



1079 
1082 
1084 

1089 
1089 
1089 
1089 
1090 
1091 
1091 
1091 
109« 
1093 
109S 
1098 

1)05 



107 

108 
108 
109 
113 
114 
115 
116 

117 
123 
124 
125 
126 

127 
127 
130 



151 
152 
153 

154 

155 
156 
156 
168 

1171 
1718 



VMy« ... 

Biftita R. ct B. • 

Hjmmnin^hm BIwn. 

G^laaiiecia R. B. ct K. 

Thlte«iU« H. B. «t K. 

CBTnuUdite Lindl. 

AgapAtM D. Dom ... 

CcnKMtAma R.HP. 

SymplochcetB D. Don. 

%Bpl00M£. . •• . 

^tyrhceiB Rich. 
Styrsx L. - 

Halesiacem D, Don 
and LinL 
Halesia Ellis 

Sapotaceae Lindl. 

Sap6it€B R. Br. 

Argama Roem. et Schult. 

EUBOdindrtm Rets. 
Sider^gybmlj. 

jSumMia Swartz. • 

K^ekra» L. 
Ckr^eoph^ttmm AabL 



YienhcetB Dec 
2>io8pf^ro8 £. - 

Whemm» Comm. 
Gualactna Tourm. 
Pseud olbtmt Matth. 

BniWytfptM ll I». 

OleiU^ea Lindl. 

Ligiistrum Thum. • 
Phill^ea Toum. - 
Chionantbus X. - - 

Syringa L. - - 

I^ntan^sta Lab. • 
Frixinus Tovm, 
O^rnus Peri. 

Jasmin&ceiB Lindl. 

Jasmlnea Jmm. 

«Tasmlnum Fortk. - 

Mongbrittm Lom, 

ApocynaceiB Lindl. 

JpocfDtm Jm$$. 

Finca L. - - 

Vertimea Twxn. 
Mz. . 



nlT. 
xelT. 
zeiT. 
xdT. 
xdT. 
zelT. 

ZdT. 

selT. 

XCV. 

zdT. 

xciv. 
xciv. 



xciv. 
xciv. 

xciv. 
xdv. 

xcv. 

xcv. 
xcv. 

ZCT. 

XCV. 
XCV. 

xcv. 
xcvi. 

zerl. 

xcvi. 
xcvii. 
xcvii. 
xcviii. 

xcix. 
xcix. 

xcix. 
xdx. 

zds. 



SktkMm L. 



Tist. 
IITS 
117S 
1173 
1I7S 
I17S 
117S 
1173 
117S 

1186 

1186 

187 

187 



189 
189 

191 
191 

192 

194 
194 

1197 

198 

198 
[203 
1205 

110- 

1208 
[213 
[213 
[241 

[248 
[248 

[254 
1254 

ItM 



VOL. IIL 

kklepiBAeBS LindL xdx. 1257 



JodkmAdue B. Br. 

PerfploGal/. - - xdx. 1257 

B^fnoniBcead R. Br. c. 1258 

B^nteiaToum. - - c. 1258 

T^eoiMJttss. - • c. 1259 

CW^Jttss. - - c. 1261 

tiiriiiBiitiiMi Mvad c VtU 



Coiceaceae D. Don. 

CabetViCsT. ... 

ConvolmLliuxiB R. Br. 
HoraffindceiB LindL 

Jtoracfncai Jitft. 

XJtluwpdnBMB £. • 

tPtsMum It. • • • 

MlstitplWB L. 



C. 

c 

C. 

e. 

C. 



1264 

1164 

1264 

1104 

1265 



e. 1M5 

c 1185 

c iteA 



txxx] 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENT8. 



CordAcesR R, Br. 

BhrfellaB«Kb. 

SolandcetB Lindl. 

fioHmes Jut$, 

iSblanum L. - - - 

Melongdna Taum, 
Pseiido-Capticum Momch. 
Jfyctirium Veat. 
AqudrtiaL Jaeq, 

Zr5'CiuiIl Zr. - - 

JatminSidet Niu. 

Grab6wskta Schlecht 

NieatttM Gnh. 
Bnupninf <« R. «t F. 
SolcndM L. • 

Outram ff. > • 

Vtefa Wiiid. 

CAatM^MM. 

ScrophulariacecB Lindl. 

ScrophuUrines il. J?r. 

Buddlea L. - 

BalMriaL. ... 

Maunliidya Jaeq. • 

irimulMinW. 

AntliocwRcw K« Jir* 

CakMlkria JL 0r 

FenMM Ait. 

C«iiia Jaeq. 

CufMa L. ' m 

FrmUrd» Bat. Mag. 
Ala«w6« R. et P. ■ 
An|id6aia H. B. ct K. 
La^Mntfnmun Dm 
Rhodoaiiton Zuee. 
KyctHiiila J>. Am • 



LabictUB Juss. 



Sattweja L. 
Thymus Zr. - 
ZTyssdpus Z 
Teucrmm Schreb. 
Phlomis L. - 
jRosmarinus L, 
^tachys L, * 
Lav&ndula L. 
A^cynos Lk, 
Gardoquia Hook. 
Westringia Sm. 
5alvia L, 
Audibertta Benth. 

Pleccr<nthus VBAit 
AdcrlU* AU. 
LeonMa R. Br. 
Bphicola Bemtk. 
Dimeoc^halum CSom. 
PrMum L. 
Prmtanthtea Lflfr. 



C. 
c* 

C. 
C. 



Cl. 
ri. 
d. 
ei. 
d. 
cL 



Cl. 

ei. 
ci. 
ci. 
ci. 
ci. 
d. 
d. 
d. 

d. 
d. 
a. 
d. 
ci. 

ci. 

ci. 

ci. 
cii. 
cii. 
cii. 

• • 

Cll. 

cii. 
cii. 
cii. 
cii. 
cii. 

• • 

cu. 

cii. 

dl. 
di. 
di. 
dl. 
di. 
dl. 
di. 



r\tex L. 

Cerodtfndron Jl. Br. 
VdkamtoM L. • 

Dufdnto Hook. • 

Alo^sia Or. 

Verbina VHMt. 
LipptA Kunih. 

MyoporiTUB R. Br. 
GlobularictcecB Lindl. 

Globulirlc Dec, 

Olobulluria L. - 



- cu. 

dl. 
cii. 
di. 

- cii. 



cu. 

di. 

cii. 
cii. 



Tcxt. 

1265 

1865 

1266 
1266 



ci. 1269 



1273 

1274 
1174 
1874 
1*74 
1174 



ci. 1276 



1276 

1177 
1177 
1177 
1177 
1177 
1177 
1177 
1177 

1177 
1177 
1177 
1877 
1177 

1278 

1278 

1278 

1278 

1279 

1279 

1279 

1281 

1281 

1282 

1282 

1282 

1282 

1283 
11«$ 
1«» 

1M3 
1183 
1189 
118.1 
1183 



Yerbenacea Juss. cii. 1285 



1285 

11S6 
1186 
1186 

1286 



1287 

1187 

1287 
1287 



FlumboffindcetB R. Br. cii. 1287 



Sl4tiraL% 
naabft||D£» 



dl. 
ctt* 



1287 
1887 



ChenopodihcecB Lindl. 

Chenopddeae VefU. 

Cbenopodium L. 

Sabdlalj. 
Suaida Forak. 

.4'trinlex Z. - 

nilimut Bauh. . 
Diotis Schreb, 

Ceratoidet Toum. 

A'xyrit L. 

Ceratonirmum Pen. 

Achyrantket Forsk. 

KratchenimUkMM, GuOi. 

VrtlcaRoy 
AnAmU L. . . . 

KtehiaScte. • 

SdMMl.. 

CaBphordana Sckk. 

FoIi/ffonacecB Lindl. 

Tragopyrum Bieb, 
Tongomtm L. 

AtfBphaxis L, 
Calligonum L, 

Palldtlti L. 

Pterocdecot Pall. 
Breanirfafa Gmrtn. 
JUkroa L. • 
J^N^Ionun A. JBr. . . 

LMurdceee Lindl. 

Lsutinett Fent. '■- 

Zaurus Plin. 

S&siafrat Etenb. 
Benxdin Etenb. 

Clsnam6mum A. Ar. • 

P/ma Bpr. 



Centanta. 

• • 

CU. 



Test. 

1287 



- cii. 1288 



- ciu. 



- cm. 



1289 
1290 



cUi. 
dli. 
cHL 
dli. 



CUl. 

• •• 

au. 

« ■ • 

CUI. 

■ • • 

cm. 



dll. 
diL 
dli. 



CUl. 

... 

au. 

civ. 



1191 
1191 
1191 
1891 

1292 
1292 

1294. 
1295 

1896 
1296 
1896 

1296 
1296 

1305 



Proteacesd Juss, civ. 1306 



B^nkate R. Br. • 

UrerUleB Cuna. « ■ • 

HWkm R. Br. 

ThymelaceiB Juss. 
Daphne L. - - 

TkffmeUe^a Toum. 
DapknoUet Gein. 
Lauriola Roy. 
Sanamvnda Bauh. 
Cham^dapknSidet Alpin. 

DircaZr. - - - 

Gnfdia L. • . . 

PaiMiina L. . 

Pimdte - 

Santal^ceae Broum. 
N^ssa L. - 
Osyris L, - - - 

Ca«ia Camer. 

'EJxBagnctcece LindL 

£1se&gnus Toum, - 
Znppophae L. 

Rhamnindet Toum. 

Sheph6rdta Nutt. - 

Aristolochi^cB R. Br. 
i^ristolochia Xr. - - 

Euphorbikcesd Jubs, 
J?uph6rbia - • - 

Tithymalut 

StiUingta Garden - 
i?uxus Toiam, 

PlaiHinthva Feirtt. • 

Cko^ia 'Buu Mi«i « 



dT. 
d». 
cIt. 

civ. 
civ. 



1306 
18CI6 
1306 

1306 

1307 



cv. 


i6i^ 


ct. 

CT. 
CT. 


1315 
1315 
1515 


CV. 


1316 


CV. 


1315 


cvi. 


1320 


cvi. 


1321 


cvi. 


1321 


cvi. 


1324 


cvi. 


1327 


cvi. 


1328 


cvi. 


1328 


cvii. 


1330 


cvii. 


1331 


cvii. 


1332 


cvii. 


1332 


e«ii. 
CTil. 


1341 
1541 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 



IJrHciUxcB Lindl. 

Urtioem Juss. 
Marva Towm. 

Bromsooetia Vent. - 
Tt^pi^na Encyc. BoU 
Madara Nutt. 

HdbAiMRaf. 

Ficas Totam. 
Borja Wffld. - 

MHa IGdiz. 
AeriMaSkR. 

XJImdcecB Mirb. 

Vham L, 
I^nera 6me]. 
Celtts TWfi. - 

iuffliotddc&E Lindl. 

Jfaglindeg Jm, 
JagfBoa L, 
Orya XuU. 



GdTyaceaB LindL 

GirryaDoug. 

VJaianitcea Lindl. 
i^tanuB £r. - 

BakamdcecB Lindl. 
liquidambar Xr. - 

ifMivlaNoT. 

yL^ricacea^ Lindl. 

^fjrica L* • • 

Comptonia Banks. 

CaMuaraciea. R. Br. 
Casuarina iii^. 

Gnetaceffi LiruB. 
^phedra L, 

Taxdcea Lindl. 
Thaa L, • . 

Saliab^ria Sm. - 



Contcntk T«XL 

cvii. 1342 

cvii. 1343 

cviii. 1361 

cviii. 1362 



CVIU. 

cviii. 



cviu. 

cnii. 
cx. 
cx. 



Ccmjerts Juss. 
Piam L, 

PfcraLk. 

PUxbD. Don 

^ i^bieslk. 
I^iix Toum. 
Ctdna Barrel, - 
ArBucaria R. et P. 

CaigmUa SaL 



cxxxi . 
cxxxi. 

cxxxi. 
cxxxi. 

cxxxii. 
cxxxii. 

cxxxii. 
cxxxii. 
cxxxii. 

cxxxii. 
cxxxii. 

cxxxiii. 

cxxxiii. 

cxxxiii. 

cxxxiii. 
cxxxili. 

- exsxlll. 
• czuiU. 

cxxxiii. 

cxxxiij. 

cxxxiii. 
cxxxvii. 



cxxxix. 

cxl. 
cxl. 



1365 
1370 



1371 
1373 
1409 
1413 



cx. 1420 

cx. 1421 
cxi. 1421 



Pterochrya Kunlh 
SalicdcecB Lindl. 

Saliclneae Jt/dk. 

SkWx i. - . 
Pdpulus Toum, - 

Betid&ce^ Dum. 
A^nus Toum. - 
^etula Toum. - 

Corylacece Lindl. 

Cupullfera Rick. 

Qu^rcus L, 

Tlex Tourn. 
Siiber Tourn. 
i^agus L, 

Coitdnea Tourn. 

Cbstanea Toum, • 
Carpinus L. - 
0'8trya IVU/d. - 

CdrpinuM L. 

C6rylus L. 



[xxxi] 

CenteDtfc Tezt. 

cxi. 1451 
cxi. 1453 



cxi. 
cxxi. 



1453 
1636 



cxxiii. 1677 

cxxiii. 1677 

cxxiii. 1690 

cxxiv. 1715 

cxxiv. 1717 

cxxix. 1949 

cxxx. 1983 

cxxx» 2004 

cxxxi. 2015 

cxxxi. 2016 



- cxxxviii. 2329 



VOL. IV. 

Cunninghamw R. Br. - cxl. 

Ddmmara Rumpb. - - cxl. 

i CUPBB^ISIlfJB. - CXl. 

TTiiija L. . . cxl. 

Cdllitris Veni. - cxli. 

Fresnilhi Mirb. 

(7upr^8sus - - clxi. 

Taxodium JRich. • clxii. 

SchnMriUk Mirb. 
Condj/iocdrpus Sal. 

Junfperus L, - cxlii. 

'Empetrhcece Nutt cxliii. 

^mpetrum L. - cxliii. 

Corema D. Don - cxliii. 

Ceratiola Mx, - - cxliii. 

SmUdcea Brown. cxliii. 

SmH&xL. - - cxliii. 

Lilictcece Dec. cxliv. 

i^sp^ragus Zr. - • cxliv. 

i%68cu8 1/. . - cxliv. 

y^ca L. - - cxlv. 

Amaryttidkceed LindL 

Fourcro/fl Vent. - cxlv. 

Littae^a Brig. • . cxlv. 

Agave Ker. • 

BonapSrteB. Haw, 

Agave L. - - . cxlv. 

Ph6nnium Thun, « cxlv. 

Vdlmece Juss. 

ChamsVops L. - . cxlv. 

QramineiB R. Br. 

JBambiua L. - . ^ cxlv. 

ilrundo Beauv. . cxlv. 



2031 
203] 

2032 
2033 

2048 
2049 

2055 
2055 
2059 

2060 
2060 

2062 
2062 

2065 
2066 
2094 

SIOO 
S101 

aiot 
2103 

3106 

2152 
2293 



2350 
2402 
2432 



2445 
2447 

M53 

2454 
2462 

2464 
2480 

2487 

2506 
2506 
2508 
2508 

2509 
2510 

2215 
2516 
2517 
2521 

2527 
2528 

2529 
2529 

2530 

2532 
2532 



SUPPLEMENT, ApPENDIXES, AND InDEXES. 



[xxxii] 



EPITOHE OF TH£ PLATEfiU 



EPITOME OF THE PLATES. 



VOL. V. 
MaffnoTiacem. 

Magndlui, 9 tp, and 2 w. ; 

12 plates. 
lirioddndran, 1 ap. ; 2 pL 

Tilidcece, 

jPQia, 8 sp. and l yar. ; 10 pl. 

AcerdcecB» 

i^oer, 15 sp. and 1 var.; 21 pl. 
Negimdoj 1 sp. and 1 var.; 2 pl. 

lEsculhce^. 

^seulus, 2 sp. ; 3 pL 
PAvio, 3 sp. and 1 var. ; 6 pl. 

SapindhcetB. 

Kolreutdria, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 

XanthoxylacecB. 

Xanth6zy]uni, I sp. ; 1 pL 
Ptelea, 1 sp. ; 1 pl. 
Aildntut, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 

Celastr&cece» 

^u^nymus, 2 sp. ; 2 pL 

AquifoliacecB. 

/lez, 2 sp. ; 4 pL 

^Rkamn&ce<B* 

IVdiiirus, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 
jni&mnus, 4 sp. ; 4 pl. 

HomalindcecB, 

Aristotilta, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 

Leguminbm. 

Sophira, 1 sp. and 1 var.; 3 pL 
Virgilio, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 
C^isus, 2sp. and2 var. ; 4pL 
Robima, 3 sp. and 2 var. ; 6 pL 
CaragiLKa, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 
Gleditschui, 7 sp. ; 9 pL 
Gymn^cladus, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 
Cerci% 8 sp. ; S pl. 
^dkia, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 



VoL, VL 
l^sacetB* 

^mygdalus, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 
Persica, 1 sp. ; l pL 
./tfrmenlaca, 2 sp. ; 2 pL 
iViinus, 3 sp. ; 3 pL 



C^rasus, 7 q>. ; 9 pL 
Cratae^^gus, 21 spec. and 13 

var. ; 36 pL 
Photlnia, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 
Cotone&ster, 4 sp. ; 4 pL 
Amdanchierf 1 sp. ; 2 pL 
Af^ilus, 2 sp. ; 2 pl. 
i^rus, 18 sp. and 2 var. ; 

22 pL 
Qrdonia, 2sp. ; 2pL 

'MyrtdcecB. 

Eucalyptus, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 

Com&cecB. 

C6mus, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 

CapriJbliacetB, 

S^ambiicus, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 
Fibumum, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 

Ericeicea!.. 

A^tbutm, 2 sp. ; 2 pl. 

HaksisLces^ 

Haldsia, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 

lEAenacecB. 

Diosp^ros, 2 sp. ; 4 pL 

Ok&ceiB. 
^r&zinus, 8 sp. and 1 var. ; 

11 pL 
Cmus, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 



VOL. VII. 

BiffnonikcesB, 

Catdlpay 1 sp. ; 2 pl. 

IjatcrdeecB. 

Lailims, 2 sp. ; 3 pl. 

Santal^cece. 

N^ssa, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 

"Elceaffnace^B, 

j^»4gnus, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 
£ipp6phae, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 

XJrticdcecB, 

ATdrus, 3 sp. ; 5 pL 
Broussonetio, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 
Fious, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 

IJlmacecB, 

CTlmus, 7 sp. and 5 var. ; 1 5 pL 
Pl&nero, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 
C^ltis, 2 sp. ; 3 pL 



SuffUmd&cecB* 

•/ikglans, 3 sp. ; 6 pL 
Carya, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 
Pterocirya, 1 sp. ; 1 pl. 

^aliccUx<B, 

Al&liz, 4 sp. and 1 var. ; 6 pL 
P6pulus, 10 flp. and 1 var. ; 
17 pL 

^etuUkcecs. 

^lnus» 2 sp. and 1 var. ; 4 pL 
^^tula, 4 sp. ; 5 pL 

CorylicecBj or Ctpuli" 
JercB. 

Qu^rcus, 6 sp. and 4 var. ; 
20 pL 



VOL. VIII. 

CoryldcecBj or CupuJi" 
fercB, 

Qu^us, 13 sp. and 6 var. ; 

24 pL 
Fagus, 1 sp. and 2 var. ; 4 pL 
Cs^anea, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 
C&rpinus, l sp. ; 2 pL 
Cstrya, 2 sp. ; 3 pL 
C6rylus, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 

VlatancicefB. 

JFI&tanus, 2 sp. and2 var.; 6pL 

BoZsam^cete. 

Liquidimbar, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 

TaxhcecB, 

71&ZUS, 1 sp. and 1 var. ; 4 pL 
Salisb^rCo, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 

ComfercB^ § Abietince. 

Pinus, 11 sp. and 1 var.; 17pL 
A^iest 5 sp. and 1 var. ; 10 pl. 
Picea, 2 sp. ; 4 pL 
Lkvixt 2 sp. ; 4 pl. 
Cddrus, 1 sp. and 1 var.; 5 pL 

AbietincBj § CupressincB. 

Thikja, 2 sp. ; 2 pL 
Cupr6ssus, 2 sp. ; 1 pl. 
Thzddium, 1 sp. ; 2 pl. . 
/uniperus, 3 sp. ; 5 pl. 



'Xlll 



CONTENTS. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Ufles of Trees, 1. Ornaments, 2. Interchange of Trees, 3. 
Work, 4. 



Arrangement of the 



PART I. 

OENERAL. OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY AND OEOORAPHY OF THE TREES 

AND SHRUBS OF TEMPERATE CLIMATES. 



Chap. L 

Of tfae Knowledge of Trees and Shrubs 
which existed among the Nations of 
Antiquity, 15. 



15. Treei of tbe Egyptiaiii and 
Ferfiant. 16. Enumeratlon of tbe Spedefl of 
Trees fndixenoiu to Greece ai glven by Theo- 
phraatna, 17. Treei of the Roman», 19. 



Chap. II. 

Of the Hiatory and Geography of the 
Trees and Shrubs now in the British 
Islanda, 20. 

Sbct. L Of the Kative Trees and 
Shrubs of the firitish Islands, 20. 

Treet foond bj Caesar, SO. Treei, the indlge- 
nouHieaf of which It ooniidered doubtflil, 21. 
Beecfa, Sweec Cbestnut, EngUsh Elm, &c.. S2. 
Tbe Boz, 29. Treet known to oor Saxon 
AnceflUHi, 26. Enumeration of the Speciet 
and Varletlea of Ligneoui Planti induaed in 
the Brltiah Flora, tnm Smith and Hooker, 
V. ClanificaUon of the Ligneoui Britiih 
Flora, aocordlng to helght, bwit, and popu- 
lar character, 30. 

Sect. IL Of the Foreign Trees and 
Shrubs introduced into the firitish 
Isles, 31. 

SuBSECT. 1. Of the Foreign Trees 
and Shrubs introduced into 
firitain by the Romans, and 
durine the Middle Ages, tUl tbe 
end of the 15th Century, 32. 

Treef and Sbmba Introdnoed bjr theRomani 
32. ; hf the Oocmrfen of Honaiteriei and 
odier religioui Houiei, and by the Cru- 
iaden,38. Introductlon of the cultlTated 
Roie, 33. York and Lancaiter Roie, 34. 
Foreign Traea and Shruba of Scotland 
and Iretaiid, 34. 



SuBSBCT. 2. Of the Foreign Trees 
and Shrubs introduced into 
firitain in the 16th Century, 35. 

Treei and Shrubi introduoed in the time of 
Henry VIII., 35. Fltaherbert, Tumer, 
Goodge, L'Obel, Grlndal, Hampden, Ge- 
rard, &c., 36. Treei and Shrubi In the 
Earl of Eiiex'i Garden at Barn Elmi, 36. 
Corbetfi Nuriery at Twlckenham, 36. 
llalelgh*i Park in Donetibire, 36. Enume- 
ration of the Speciei of Treei and Sbrubi 
introdttoed into Ensland during the IGth 
Centurr, by Hugb Morgan, Gray, L'Obel, 
Grlndal, Gerard, ftc., 36. 39. 

SuBSBCT. 3. Of the Foreign Trees 
and Sbrubs introduced into firi- 
tain in the 17th Century, 40. 

Tradeicanfi Garden at Lambeth, Btibop 
Compton*i Garden at Fulham, 41. Bay^ 
Hiitoria Plantarum, 41. Dr. Mitchel, Slr 
Wm. Wation, Mr. Bentick, Dr. Plukenet, 
Sir Hani Sloane, Furber of KeniiDgton, 
Gray of Fulham, Ac, 41. Enumeration of 
Speciei of Forelgn Treea and Shrubi found 
in the Epiioopal Garden at Fulham in 1751, 
42. ; in 1793, and aMin in 1809, by Lyion, 
43. ; in 1835, 44. Banliter, Evelyn, Her- 
mann, Gibion, Slr Stepben Fox, London 
and Wiie, Cooke, Lukar, London and 
Field, Dr. Uvedale, Milier. &c., 42. 46. 
Enumeration of the Treei and Shrubi in- 
troduced tnto England during tbe 17th Cen- 
tury, according to the Hortui Keweniii, 49. 
Harefleld Park, 52. Edinburgh Botanie 
Garden, Oxford Botanic Guden, 53. 

SuBSECT. 4. Of the Foreign Trees 
and Shrubs introduced into 
firitain during the 18th Cen- 
tury, 54. 

Treei and Sbruba introduccd at Whltton, 
GoodwoofL Syon, Ac, 54. Miller, Bradley, 
Switser, Linnttui, Peter CoUinion, tbe 
London Nurierymen, Ac, 54. Ridgway 
Houie Garden, 54. Loodon Gardeni in 
1712, 55. Lord Petre'i CoUection, 55. 



XIT 



CONTKNTS. 



John Clark, a Butchtr at BarnM, ftmous 

for raUlnff Cedars firom Seed, ftc. , S5. The 

Great Cedar at Hendon Place, the Cedars 

at Whltton, 65. Flne Gardens notlced by 

CoIUnson on a Uank Leaf of his Copy of 

Miller's Dictionary, S6. Enumeration of 

Trees and Shrubs, with thelr Dimensions, 

found in the Garden at MiU Hill (which 

formerly belonged to Colllnion) In January, 

1835, 56. Feterborough House, Whitton, 

57. Twlckenham Botanic Garden, Thom- 

don Hall, Essex, 56. Cedar House, Cashlo- 

bury, 59. Catalogue of Trees and Shrubs 

propogated for Sale in the London Nur- 

series in 1730. 60. Celebrated Amateurs 

andGardenersof that Time: Dr. Compton, 

8. Reynardson, Eso., Dr. Uredale, Duchess 

of Beaufort. Earl or Pembroke, 61 . Dubois, 

62. List of Species and Varieties of Trees 

and Shrubs giTen In tbe Catalogue of the 

Society of Gardeners, arranged according 

to the Natiiral System, 64. Catesby^sTraTels 

and PubUcations, 68. Plan for importing 

Acoms and other Seeds of American 

Trees, 70. Dr. Garden of Charlestown, 70. 

Planting of Stowe, Bienheim, Corby Castle, 

Pain's Hall, &c., 70, 71. Upton House, 

and its flne Specimens of Foreign Trees 

and Shrubs, 71. Trees and Shmbs at 

Purser's Cross In 1756, their comparatlTe 

Dimensions taken at diflferent penods be- 

tween 1793 and 1836, 72. Treesand Shrubs 

at Syon, at Croome, and at Tarlous other 

Places, 73. CoUection in the Chelsea 

Botanic Garden, 74. Botanic Garden and 

Arboretum at Kew, Sherard*8 Botanic 

Garden at Eltham, Twickenham Botanic 

Garden, 75. Brompton Park Nursery, 76. 

Kenslngton Nursery, Hoxton Nursery, 

MUe End Nursery, 77. Putney Nursfery, 

Hammersmith Nursery, 78. Hackney Bo- 

tanic Garden and Nursery, and those of 

Brentford, Lewisham, New Cross, &c., 79. 

Botanical ond Horticultural Authors and 

Artists of the 18th Century, 79. Enume- 

ration of the Trees and Shrubs introduced 

during each Decade of the 18th Century, 

80-84. Biographical Notices of John aud 

WUliam Bartram, 85. Trees and Shrabs 

introduced into Scotland during the 18th 

Centuzy, 86. Dr. Walker's Exertlons, 87. 

Mr. Sang's Planter's Kalendar, 89. Lists 

of the Species of Foreign Trees and Shrubs 

introduced into Scotland during the 17th 

and I8th Centaries accordingto Dr. Walker, 

90, 91. Taymouth. Inverarr Castle, 91. 

Prc8tonfield,92. Hamilton Palace, 92. Pan- 

murc, New Posso, 93. Holyrood House, 

94. Bargally, the Property of Andrcw 

Heron, one of the greatest Botanists and 

Horticulturists that has ever appeared in 

Scotland.95.99. Dunkeld.99. NowHaUes, 

Arfoigland. Loudon Castle, Dalmahoy, 101. 

Hopetoun House, Cannichael, Tyningham, 

102. Scottish Nurseries, 104. Indigenous 

Trees of Ireland, 105. Irish Yew in a Gar- 

den at Mavland near Antrim, 106. Antrim 

Castle, 1^6. Mitchelstown. 107. Moira, 

and other Places celebrated for Foreign 

Trces ; Lords Oriel and Clanbrasil intro- 

duced by fiu* the greater number of Trees 

into Ireland in the 18th Century, 108. Di- 

mensions of many fine Spedmens of Trees 

and Shmbs at Oriel Temple, 109. ; at An- 

trim Castle, 109. ; at ToUymore Park, at 

Dundalk, 110. ; at Cvpress Grove.at Moira, 

and at Cranmore, 111. ; at Castle Ward, 

112. ; at Howth Castle, CharleviUe Forest, 

and Shelton Abbey, 113. ; at Castle Freke, 

Florence Court, KiUnidery House, Mount 

Anville HiU, Castletown, 114. The finest 

Cedars in Ireland, 114. The largest Oak 

in Ireland, 115. Foreign Trees and Shmbs 

at HiUsborough, 115. Irish Nurseries, 115. 

Kilkenny Nursery, &c., 116. Glasnevin 

and Triaity CoUege Botanic Gardens, 116, 

117. 



SuBSECT. 5. Of the Foreign Trees 
and Shnibs introduced into 
Britain during the 19th Cen- 
tury, 117. 

The number of Trees and Shrabs Introduced 
in the three first Decades, 117. Biogra- 
phical Notice of John Fraser, the Botamcal 
Collector, 119. ; of John Lyon, 122.; of 
DaTid Douglas, 123. List of the Spedea 
and Varieties of Trees and Shrubs intro- 
duced into Eurojpe by Douglas, 125. Num. 
ber of Spedes otForeign Trees and Shrubs 
introduced in Britain during cTery 10 Yeart, 
between 1548 aud 1830 ; Number of Snedet 
ftiraished to Britain by each paracular 
Foreign Country, 126. Flanters of Bridsh 
Arboretums and Fruticetums sinoe the 
Commencement of tfae i9th Centuiy, 129. 
Public Bodies that haTe planted Arbore- 
tums, 129. British Nurserymen who haT« 
formed Arboretums, 130. 



Chap. III. 

Of the History and Geography of the 
Trees and Shrubs of the Continent 
of Europe, 132. 

Sect. I. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
France, 132. 

Enumeration of the Spedcs of Trees and Shrubs 
indigenous to France, according to the Bo- 
tanicon Gailicum, 132. Comparison be- 
tween the Ligneous Fiora of France, and that 
of Britain, 134. Classificatlon of the Indi- 
genous and Forclgn Trees of Franoe by Pro- 
lessor Thouin, 135. Comparison between 
the Number of Ligneous Plants in the Jardin 
dcs Plantes at Faris, and the London Horti- 
cultural Society's Garden, in 1834, 135. Robin, 
Duhamel, Jansen, Lemonnier, &&, 1)7. Re- 
mains of CoUections of Foreign Troes and 
Shmbs in France, existing In 1834, ISB. 
Existing CoUectors of Foreign Trees and 
Shmbs in France, 139. Notice of Duhamel 
du Monceau, 140. ; of Andre Biichaux, 140. ; 
of F. A. Michaux, 142. ; of Dumont de Cour- 
set, and of the Gardens at Courset, 142. 

Sect. II. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of Hol- 
land and the Netherlands, 143. 

Botanic Garden at Antwerp, 144. Country Seats 
near Kotterdam, 144. Garden at Lacken, 
with Dimensions of some of the Exotic Tree» 
there, 145. Bmssels, Ghent» and other Bo- 
tanic Gardens, 145. 

Sect. III. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of Ger- 
many^ including Hungary, 145. 

Enumeration of the Ligneous Plants indigenous 
to Germany aud Hungary, 146. Historical 
Notioes of the Places most celebrated for 
their CoUection of Exotic Trees and Shruba, 
147. Heidelberg, Baden, Durlach, SchwiA)- 
ber, Harbke, Worlitz, Schonbrunn, 145. 
Botanic Garden of the UniTersity of Vienna, 
Kopenzel, Briick on the Leytba, Hadersdorf, 
Eisenstadt, 150. Euuraeration of the Speciet 
of Evergreen Trees and Shrubs, forei^ and 
indigenous, which stand the Wlnter at Vienna 
without Protection, 150. Remarkable Speci- 
mens of Trees and Shrabs in the Botanic 
Gard«>u at Beriin, 151. Fordgn Trees and 



C0NT£NT8. 



'XV 



ShmlM in BaTuia, fn Saxonr, In HanoTer, 
151.; in WlTtemberg, in Baden, In Hesse 
Cuael, in Nmmu, 153: ; in Mecklenburg, 
Anhalt, Frankfort, &c., 153. Prindpal Ger- 
man Nurterles, 153. 

Sect. IV. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreigi] Trees and Shruba of 
Scandinavia, including Denmark, 
Uolstein, Sweden, Lapland, Fin- 
land» Iceland, Greenland, and the 
Faroe Islands, 153. 

Envmeration of the Spedes of Llgneous Planta 
indigenous in the ScandlnavJMi Peninsula, 
15S. ; in the Faroe Islands, 154. Arboricul- 
tural Flora of Sweden, of Denmark, 164. 
Swedish Noblemen moct conspicuous for 
introdudng Fordgn Trees and Snrubs, 155. 

Sbct. V. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of the 
Russian Empire, 155. 




of the Llgneoaa Spedes indl- 
; to Russla, from Pallas*s Fhra Rouica^ 
Trees and Shrubs foreign and indi- 
, which stand the Winter m the Peters- 
Gardens, 157. Trees and Shrubs, 
and indigenous, whlch endure the 
Winter io Moacow, 156. Trees and Shruba 
whftdi grow in the open Air in tlie Crimea, 
1». 

Sect. VI. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
Switzerland, 161. 

Enumeratlon of the Indigenous Spedes from 
Gaudin*B Flora Hehetica^ 160. Exotic Tfeea 
cuUivated in Switxeriand, SwiM Nurseries, 
161. Placcs celebrated for Collectlons of 
Trees, 162. Bourdigny, 163. Botanic Gar- 
dens of Geneva, 164. 

Sect. VII. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of Italy, 
Greece, Spain, Portugal, and the 
Mediterranean Islands, 164. 

Enomcntion of Spedes ft-om various Authors, 
164—168. 

StBSECT. 1. Of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Italy, 168. 

Flrst Introdttctlon, 168. ; into Lombardy, 168. 
Remarkable Spedmens in different Italian 
Gardens, Park and Gardcns of Monsa, &c., 
laola Bella, 169. 

SuBSECT. 2. Of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Spain and Portugal, 170. 

La Gasca, Capt. S. C. Cook, 170. DiscoTery 

S' Capt. Cook and Mr. Drummond that 
e Jkrce is the ThCUa articul&ta, 171. 

SuBSECT. 3. Of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Turkey and Modem Greece, 
171. 

Chap. IV. 

Of the Trees and Shrubs of Asia, Africa, 
Aroerica, and Australia, which are 
suitablc for temperate Climates, 172. 



Sect. I. Of the Trees and Shrubs 
suitable for Temperate Climatesy 
indigenous or introduced, in Asia, 
172. 

Enumeration of the Spedes Inhabiting Regions 
temperate from thelr Elevatlon, and which, it 
is beljeved, would for the greater part endure 
the open alr hi the Climate of London, from 
Royle'8 lUuttrations and other Souroea, 173. 
Enumeration of the Spedea composing the 
Ligneoua Flora of China, and whicfa, it b be- 
lieved, would for the greater part eodure the 
Climate of London, 176. 

Sbct. II. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
Africa, 177. 

Sect. III. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of Ame- 
rica, 1*28. 

Subsbct. 1. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
North America, 178. 

EnumeraUon of the Indigenous Spedes, the 
greater part of whlch have been alreadv 
introduced into Britain, 178. European 
Trees and Shrubs introduced into Amerlca, 
181. General Aspect of the Ligneous 
Vegetation of America. 182. ; about New 
York, Lake Champlain, 8t. Lawrence, 
Montreal, I^e Ontario, Toronto, Nia- 
gara, Hamilton, New London, Goderlch, 
183. ; St. Clalr, Lake Huron, Lake Erie, 
Pittsburg, AUegfaany Mountains, 184. & 
Moxico, 185. / 

SuBSECT. 2. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
South Amenca, 185. 

Sect. IV. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
Australia and Polynesia. 

Trees and Shrubs of New Zealand, 185. ; of 
Van DIemcn*8 Land ; of New Holland, 
&c., 186. 

Chap. V. 

or the Literature of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Temperate Climates, 187. 

Aristotle, Tfaeopfarastus, Vltruvius, Crescentius, 
Belon, Meuruus, Johnston, Aldrovandus, Bve- 
lyn, 187. Hanbury, Miller, Earl of Haddlngton, 
Mead, Morel, Boutcfaer, Dr. AndersonTMar- 
sfaal, Nichol, Sang, Pontey, Lambert, Dr. 
Wade, Phillps, Watson. Cobbett, George Don, 

188. In France: Duhamel, Loiseleur Dea- 
longchamps, Desfontaines, Jaume St. Hihdre, 
Thouin, Andre Michaux, F. A. Michaux, Du- 
raont de Courset, 189. In Holland ; Krause, 

189. In Germany ; Du Roi, Schmidt, C. L. 
Willdenow. F. J. Hayne, F. Otto, 190. la 
America, D. J. Brown, 190. 

Chap. VI. 
Conclusion, 190. 

Free and universal Exchange and Intercourse, 
191. Equaliaadon of the Plants of diflbrenc 
Regions of the Temperate Zone ; EstabUsh- 
ment of Botanlc Gardens and Arboretums all 
over the World, 192. Cooperative System ap- 
pllod to the coUecting, distributing, and culti- 
vatmg of Trees and Shnibs, 192. 



XVI' 



CQNTENTS. 



PART IL 



OF THE SCIENCE OF THE STUDY OF TREES. 



Chap. I. 

Of the Study of Trees pictorially, or as 
component Parts of Oeneral Scenery , 
193. 

S£CT. I. Of the Study of the Forins 
of Trees and ShrubSy 193. 

Heicfat asd Brmdth, Form and Outllne, 194. 
Light and Shade, Colours, Trunka of Treei, 
199. Branchet, 196. Mode of Growth, Mode 
of Tuftiog, LeaTei, Spray, Buds, 197. 

Sect. II. Of the Expression and 
Character of Trees and Shrubs 
considered pictorially, 198. 

Character, Regnlarltr, 19S. Symmetnr, Or- 
ganic Beaut^ Moru and Historical Ezpres- 
Mon, 199. Ficturesque Beautj, Gardenefque 
Beauty» Architectural and Sculpturetque 
Trees, Viewlng Troea with Reference to 
thdr Beauty as Organie Forms, 200. Trees 
with Local Assodatlons, 901. 

Sect. III. Of the Mode of drawing 
Trees from Nature, in such a 
Manner as to ^ve the eeneral 
Pictorial Expression of the Species 
of Tree delineated, 202. 

Choice of Specimens, 903. ; DetaOs of the Pro- 
cesB, 903. Drawing to a Scale, 204. Draw- 
ing the Leaves m order to ezhiblt the 
" Touch," 907. Botanical Spedmens, 909. 



Chap. IL 

Trees and Shrubs considered botanically, 
211. 

Sect. I. Ofthe Classiiication of Trees 
and Shrubs, 211. 

Alphabetical Arrangement, 211. Linnsean 
Arrangement; Jussieaean, or Natural, Ar- 
rangement, 319. 

Sect. IL Of the Distinction between 

Species and Varieties in Trees 

and Shrubs, 212. 

Deflnition of a Spedes ; Cultiyated Varieties, 
Acddental Varieties, 213. Botanical Spedes, 
214. Species aooording to De Candolle, 21 ft. ; 
Races aocordlng to the same Author, 216. 
Varietles, VarlatlonB, Mules and Hybrlds, 
Botanical Spedes aocording to De CandoUe 
916. 



Sect. III. Of the Mode of describing 
Trees and Shrubs, 217. 

UttaToldable EtHs of descrlbing Plants from 
drled Spedmens» 918. 

Chap. IIL 

Trees and Shrubs considered with Re- 
ference to their Uses in the Eco- 
nomy of Nature, and to Man, 219. 

Sbct. L Trees and Shrubs considered 
with Reference to uncultivated 
Nature, 220. 

Influence of a Predominanoe of Forest oo the 
indigenous Animals ; on tbe herbaceous 
Plants ; on theWaters, Rivers, and Lakes ; in 
Increasing the Moisture of the Atroosphere ; 
in moderating the Heat of Summer, and the 
Cold of Wlnter, 920. ForesU of Britain, of 
Franoe, of Germany, of Italy. 290.; of 
Holland, Bdglum, ftc, 991. 

Sbct. II. Trees and Shrubs con- 
sidered with Reference to Man, 
221. 

Uses of Tlmber In Arts and Mano&cturea, 
991. Of the Frult, Flowers,and other Pro- 
ducts of Trees in Domestic Ecooomy, 229. 

Chap. IV. 

Summary of Particulars to be taken 

into Consideration, in preparing the 

Description, and Natural and Econo- 

mical History, of Trees and Shnibs» 

222. 

Classification : Genera, DlstinctiTe Character, 
Identiflcations, Synonymes, DerivatioDs, 922* 
Engravings: Engravings of Trees, Pictorial 
Si^s, Descriptlons, DescriptiTe Details, 223. 
General DescnpUons, 224. Casualtles : Insects 
and Vermin, Parasitical Plants, Diseases, Ac- 
ddents, 225. Geographlcal Distrlbution. 296. 
Hlstory: RetrospectiTe History, Prospective 
History, 296. Use: Arts of Construction, 226. ; 
Manufacture of Madilnery, &c., the Arts of Fa- 
brication, Chemical Arts, Arts of Domestic 
Economy, the Arts of Rural Economy, Medi- 
dne, the tJse of Trees by the PrieBts of par- 
ticular RcUgions ; Poetical, Mjthological, and 
Legendary Assoclations ; the Picturesque and 
PecorativeUsesof Trees,227. Propagation: Ka- 
tural Propagation, Artiflcial Propagation, 297. 
Culture: the Soil, Situation, and Exposure, 
Culture in the Nursery, 228.; Cholce of rlants, 
and plantlng out ; Culture after final remoral ; 
Spedes adapted for Suooesslon, 229. Statistlcs: 
Gisographical Statittlcs, 929. ; Commerdal Sta^ 
tisUcs, 280. 



CONTENTS. 



XTU 



PART III. 

THE DESCRIPTION, GEOORAPHY, HTSTORY, PROPERTIES ANB USES, SOIL 
ANB SITUATION, PROPAGATION AND CULTURE, ACCIDENTS, DISEASES, 
INSECTS, AND STATISTICS, OF THE HARDY TREES AND SHRUBS OF 
BRITAIN, INDIGENOUS AND FORBIGN ; WTTH NOTIGES OF THE HALF- 
HARDY SPECIE& 



Tte ^paofm» «re prixitad m ItaUoi. Tbe lettera 0I. refer to t}ie portniU of entlre trtet ; aod the letCari 

^. and/. to the botanicel figuret lncofponited In the tezt. 



Rdmmciijidcns Dec. -i i. A ^ 

Sect. I. CuXAT/DBiB. A L 

I. CLE^MATIS L. 1 L , 

Tm CuMATi!!, or Virgi»*» Btwer. 
Ladie$* BowTt Germrd. 
atimmtite^ Fr. 
Waldrebe^ Ger. 
Ital. 



231 

232 
232 



S L FldmmMia Dec. J -J - SSS 

1. Tlammula X. 1 France fig. 9. 233 

Tht ^aSmaiMDmlUfn-jmked Cleouitia. 
C. iurtm M Gerard. 
C. maritima AU. Fed. 
C. «MovdolnM Sal. Prod. 
Tht tme etme fU e d Viffim*» Boioer. 
CUmatHe oioramUy ¥r. 
Sdkmfe WaUrehe, Ger. 

VarieHe» - - 233 

2 rotundifolis Dee, ± 

C.Jfrilgraiu Zem. 
8 maritiina 2>ce. X 
4nib^2>ee. X 

S csqpitosa Dee. X 
C. ctetpi^ea Soop. 
C. FlAummU Bettol. 

2. orientalisX. X Lerant fig. 10. 234 

The Oriental Clematls. 

Flammmla ecdadetu Dill. EU. 
ClhmaiieJUtea tfcench Meth. 

3. filatica Wm. x Siberia fig. 11. 235 

The ciauooiu-lrawrf Clematif . 

4. chin^nsis Retz. X Cfaina. - 236 
The Chineee Ciematls. 

5. Mmcol^ta Thmb. 1 Japan - 235 

Tht panAded Clematfi. 

6. Vit^ba L. X England fig. 12. 235 

The White Vfaie Clemntis. 
A<ihrd|rcNe Theopb. 
VMir spkrHiri» Dioac. 
CtfMal& laiifhUay eeu Airdgene, lUr- 
C. dlerra Matth. 
C. itrtut Comm. 
ri6rma Ger. and Lob. 
VUti sln^a Fucfas. 
rMJtelDod. 

2V«»elfar*# Jtfy. 0» Mim'f Aoinr, J9M> 
wA*. Csfmmm Virgi»*» Ammt, H^Od 
CUmier, Oreai WadCUmber, 



Tam 
CUmame brulaaie, CUmaUie de» Ha^e»^ 

L^Herbe an» Gmem*, La Viome de» 

Pamere*., Fr. 
Qemeiae WaJUfrebe^ Oer. 



Varitty 
2 integrilta X 



236 



7. virgimana L. JL N. Amenca f. 13. 237 

The Virglnian Clematii. 

C. eanadinti» Toum. 
C. cord^fbUa Monch. 

Varietv - - 287 

2 bracteata Dee. X 
C. braetedta Moench. 

8. triternata Dec. X £• Indies - 238 

The tritemate-loieaf Clematii. 
Kir&geme iritemdta Deaf. 

9. Vi6ma L. X N. America fig. 14. 238 

The Road-K>mamenting Clematia. 
C. pmrpitrea ripen» Ray. 
Fumnmda »ednden» Dfll. 
Leathery-Jlovaered Clemati». 
GloekenMIUkige WeMrebe^ Ger. 

Variebf - . 23S 

2 Simsti X 

10. cyllndrica iSmif.J N.Am. fig. 15. 239 
llie «[llndricalyiottFrrAf Clemadi. 

C. crima Lam. 
C. Viorna Andr. 
C. divaricdta Jacq. 
Long-fiowered Virgtn*» Bower. 

11. Simstt Swt. X N. America f. 16. 240 

8imi*i Clematii. 

C. corddta Simi. 

12. reticuUta WaU.1 N. Am. f. 17. 240 

The net-yelned-lfa««d Clematia. 
C. xb»ea Abbott, 

§ ii. ntieiOa Dec. .1-240 

13. fl6rida Tkwib. 1 Japan fig. 18. 240 
The florid Clematii. 

Airagene iniKca Defl 

A.ilor^Pen. 

Clematite d grande» Flenr»^ Fr. 

Groamtkige WaUrebe, Oer. 



Varieiy 
flore pleno X 

a 



941 



xviii 



CONTENTS. 



14. Vitic6Ua L. 1 Spain - fig. 19. 241 

The Vfne-bower Clematii. 

ViUciUa dtUoidea Moench. 

The red-Jlowerai Lady*$ Boufer, Gerard. 

Italianuche JValdrebe, Ger. 

Varieties - - 241 

1 caerulea J^ 

2 purpiirea J 

S multiplex G. jQon. X 
C. pulcheOa Pen. J^ 

4 tenuifolia Dec. JL 

5 baocata Dec. X 

15. campaniflora Brot. 1 Sp. f. 20. 242 

The Bell-flowered Clematlg. 
C. vtomoldes Schrad. 
C.parvifldra Dec. 

16. crispsL L, 1 N.America f.21. 243 

The cwrleA-sepaled Clematis. 
C.JIdre crispo Dill. Elth. 



243 



fig. 22. 243 



§ iii. Cheir6p8is Dec. L. 

17. cirrhosaL. i. 

The tendriled Clematls. 

A.lrdgene eirrhdsa Fers. 

T^avelier's Joy qf Cemdia, Spanish Travel- 

ler*s Jitw, Jonnson*s Geranl. 
Spanish fvild Cucum^ter, Farkinson. 
£vergreen Clematis. 
EittfaehbrdUrige JValdrebe, Ger. 

Variety - - 243 

2 pedicelUta Dec. L 
C. baledrica Fers. 
C. pediceileUa Swt. 
C. cirrhbsa Sims. 

18. bale6rica Rit^. i. Minorca - 244 

The Minorca Clematis. 
C. cafycina Alt. 
CUmatUe de Mahon, Fr. 

§ iv. Anemonijihra. X 

19. montanaHam.j. Nepal f. 23, 24. 245 

The Mountain Clematls. 

C. Memonifidra D. Don. 

App. i. Doubtfvl SpeciesofCUnuUis. 246 

C. temifldra Der., bitemita Dec., dahtlrica I}ee., 
diyersir&lia Dec, jap6nica Dec., semitrlloba D«c., 
campanlA6ra Dec. 

App. ii. Anticipated Introductions. 246 

C. nepalcnsis, pall^scens, tdtifbUa, BuchananiiiM, 
intricata, holosericea, W&lteri, Catesby^na. 

II. ^TRA^GENE L. 1 - 246 

TUB Atraoenb. 

CUmatis Lam. and Dec. 
Airagene, f>. and Ger. 

1. alpinaZr. 1 Austria fig. 25. 247 

Tne Alpine Atragene. 

CUmaiis ueriUea Bauh. 
Atrdgme austriaca Scaip. 
A. cSematktes Crantz. 
Cthnatis alpina MilL Dict. 

2. sibirica L, 1 Siberia fig. 26. 247 
Tbe Siberian Atrageno. 



3. ochot^nsis PaO. X Siberia - 248 

Tbc OcboCikoi Atnaene. 
A. vuUutaVaU. 
CUmatit oehtt^uU Potr. 

4. americana jSimx. 1 N.Am. fig. 27. 248 

The American Atragene. 

CUmatis verticiUdris Dec. 

Variety - 248 

2 obllqua Dougl. X 

5. occidentalis Hom, X N. America 249 

The Wcitcoa AtTBffene. 

a^matU oeddaUiMt Dec. 



Sect. II. PMomiACE^ Dec. A 
I. P^O N7^ L. » 

Thb Pbom-. 

Pion^. 
Pivotne, Fr. 

Gichtterrose, Paonie^ Ger. 
Rosa del Monte, Span. 
Peonia, Ital. 



249 
249 



250 



1. Moutan Sims. di China 

The Moutan Feony. 

Varieties 250 

1 />apaTeracea And. A f. 28. 

2 yariegata D. Don, ft 

3 B^ksii Andrews A fig. 29. 

4 Humei Ker. A 

5 rosea Dec. A 

6 rosea semiplena ■ 

7 rosea pldna A 

8 Raw^*i Hort. Trans. * 

9 c&rneaplena ^or/. TVaax.A 

10 ^lbida plena jETort TranB. ii^ 

1 1 Annesiei Hort. Trans. A 
12]icera Xiiica. Sk 
Expected Varieties. 



II. XANTHORIZA i. 

Thb Yellow Root. 

Zanthonze, Fr. 
Geibumrx, Ger. 



255 



A. alpina Gmel. Sib. 
CUmatis smrica Mill. Dict. 
Variety 



248 



1. apiif61iaZ,'irm^.j« N. Am. f. 31. 255 

The Parsley-Ieaved Yellow Root. 



Wintersiceud 22. J5r. « - 256 
I. ILLICIUM L. • - - 256 

Thb iLLiciru, or Antseed Tree. 

Badiane, AnisStoiie, Fr. 
Stemanis, Gcr. 

1. floridanum Eidis, m N.Am. fig.32. 256 
The Florida Illicium. 

Red-Aowered Aniseed Tree, Mor. Hist. 
UnOchter Sternanis, Ger. 

2. anisatum L. * China - 257 

The Aniie niicium. 

Chinese Aniseed Tree. 

Badiane de la Chine, Ants itoiliy Fr. 

Aechter StemaniSt Ger. 

3. parviflorum Michx, m N. Amer. 258 

The smaII'flowered liUcium. 
/. 9ssisdiwn Bartram. 



- :: .w ^ 



CONTENTS. 



XIX 



Mofffioriacee^ Dec, ^t^ 259 

1. MAGlfiOXlA L.^tm - 260 

Tn Magnolia. 

MamnoUe, Fr. 
BilherbaumyGta. 

5 i. MaffnoH&sXxvLm, - S61 
1. mndifldra L. t Carolina pl. 1. 261 

Xbe large-flowered Mafniolia. 

Laurel-lfttved Marnolia, Laurel Bay, Big 

iMnrel, Large MagnoUa. 
Lamrier TuUpier, Fr. 

Farietie$ - - 261 

2 obovata Ait. f 

3 rotundifolia Swt. f 

4 ezoni^nsis ITort. f pl. 2. 

6 ferroffineik S m u . f 

6 IwMcoliti Ait. f 

7 tSUpHcmMt. f 

8 angustifolia Hort. 1 

9 prsecox Hort. t 
Otber Yarieties. 

2. dauca L. 5: N. America - pl. 3. 266 

Tbe ^anecm-ieaved M agnolfa. 
M.frHgram Salisb. 
Swamp Sauttfras, Beaver-wood, WkiteBaif, 

S$mUl Magnolia, Stoamp Magnotia. 
Arbre de Casior, Fr. 

Farieiies - . 267 

2 Tbompsontamx Thomp. S 

M. glatiea m^for Bot. Mag. 

3 longifolia ffort. t 

Other Varieties. 

3. trip^tala L. !i^ N. America pl. 4. 269 

Tle tbree-petaled Magnolia. 
If. cnniArd/!a Lam. 
M./ronddia Salisb. 
Tke Umbretia Tree^ UmbreHa MagnoUa. 

EOkwood. 
Magmolie Paraaol, Arbre Parasol, Fr. 

4. macrophyUa Michx. t Carolina 

pl.5. 271 



Tbe largv-IeaTed Mafnolia. 
rge-leaved Umbn 
M. Midut&xVL Hort. 



Large-Uated UmbreOa Tree. Amer. 
M. Micba^H Hort. 
MagmMer Bannanier, Fr. 

5. acuminata L. f North Aroerica 

pl. 6, 7. 273 

Tbe pcAnted-leaved Magnolia. 

M. rustiea and M. pennsytoduica ot some. 
Tlke blue Magnolia, Eng. 



Tlke Caeumber Tree, U. S. 
Farietiee 
9 Cand6IIt Savi. 1 
3 maxima Lodd. £ 



- 273 



6. cordata Mickx. ^ North America 

pl.8. 275 
Tbe beart-^dvrd Magnolia. 

Tke keart-leaved Cuettmber Tree, Amer. 

7. auricul^ta Lam. 5 Carolina pl. 9. 276 

Tbe auricled-/!aitv(f Magnolla. 
M. Frdseri WaU. 
M. assriemliris Salisb. 
Jndian Pkpsic, Long-teaeed Cucumber 
Tree, Amer. 



8. pvramidata Bartr. i Carol. pl. 10. 277 
Tbe pynmSOial-keaded Magnolia. 

§ ii. GwUlinaA Rott. - 278 

9. conspicua Salisb. 5E China 

pl. ll.fig.34, 35. 278 
The Yuian, or conspiGuoui-^foto^Tircf, Magnolla. 
M. pricia Correa. 
M. YiJanDetf. 

Yu lon, Chineie. 
LHy-flowered Magnolia. 



MagnoUer Yulant, Fr. 
Yulans Bieberbaum, Ger. 



- 272 



Farieties 

2 SouIange(2tuf 

M. SoulangeixoL An». Hort. Soc. 
Par. 3t 

3 Alexandrina Hort. 1f 

4 speciosa Hort. t 

5 citriodora nort. I 
Other Varieties. 

10. purpiirea Bot. Mag. A China 

lig. 36. 282 
The purp1e-;lo«^fr<>d Magnolia. 
M. oboedta Thunb. 
M. disoolor Vent. 
M. denuddta Lam. 

11. erficilis m China • - 283 

Thd 8lender-^fio«7fVi|g Magnolia. 
M. Kbbus Kcemj^. 
M. glauca Thunb. 
M. tomentdsa Thunb. in Lin. Soc. 
Sidi Kobusiy Jap. 

App. i. Half-hardy MagncUas. - 284 
M. ibBciita Andr., aiiMMfdlia Sal., pbmila Amb^. 

App. ii. Additional MagnoHas. - 284 

11. LIRIODENDRON L. S - 284 

Thb Tulip Trbb. 
TuUpier, Fr. 
Bieberbaum, Ger. 

1. Tuliplfera L. i N. Am. pl. 12, 13. 284 

The Tulip-bearing Liriodendron, or Tulip Tree. 
Tke Poplar, Wkite Wood, Canoe Wood, 

tke Tulip Tree, Amer. 
VirginianPoplar, TuUp-bearingLilu Tree, 
SaddleTree,lS.Tig. "» •<y » 

TuUpier de Firginie, Fr. 
Firginiscker TuUpeerbaum, Gcr. 

Farieties ~ •> 285 

2 obtusiloba Michx. I 

L. T. integrifbUa Hort. 
Yellow Wood, YeUow PopUsr. 

3 acutifolia Michx. % 

4 flava Hort. ± 

App. I. Expeeted Additione io the Order 

MagnoCiacese, . . 291 

MangUfttla (Magnblia) inslgnis ; MlchdliVi lanugl- 
nma, excfilia, Kisbpa, DoUshpa. 



%£HUeniacesQ Dec. tt. - 292 



1. HibMrtte ndtbtlis % Captf of Good Bop% . £«. 3«. 992 

- " • IB» Ntwlft, 

8. H. sroMila&aUa 1U. N«w Hollanil 



8. H. dcnt^la a Ncv^oiliad 



fig. yi. 'm 



a 2 



CONTENTS. 



Anonaceas Rich. 292 

L ASFMINA Adans. A - 292 

Thb Asimina. 
Anndna L. 
Orckidoedrpum Mx. 
PorciHa, Pers. 
Custard Apple. 
Asitnittiery Fr. 
Plaschenitaumy Ger. 

1. parviflora Dun. m N. America - 293 

The Bmall-flowered Admina. 
PordAsi ptarviflbra Peri. 
Ordidocdrpttm parp(fldrum Hx. 

2. triloba Dun. m N. America f. 39. 293 

The three-lobed-coi^jictf Aalmina. 

Annbna triloba L. 
PorciOA triloba Fen. 
Orchidocdrpum arteHnum Mx. . 
7ik« P<»a«r, Amer. 
Asimiiaerde Virgiaie, Fr. 

S. pygmaef^ Dvn. A N. Amwfam £ 40. 294 

^^ F7f>Qy Aalniina. 



AJ11161U1 Mp^Ma^, Butr. 
ArcMa jrjigiiMiVi Fen. 



4. grandifldra i>t<n. « N. America 295 

The large-flowered Asimina. 

Anndna grastdifldra Bartr. 
A. obovdta Willd. 
Orchidoedrpum gramd(fldrum Mx. 
PorcHiM. grand0bra Pers. 



SchizandrdcecB* J - 295 

- 295 



297 



I. SCHtZA'NDRA JJficA*. 

Taa ScHoiAjnau. | 

1. coccinea Michx. S I N. Amer. f. 41. 295 

TtM icvlets/loiMrarf Sclilzuidiau 

App. I. Antidpated AddUiom to Sehizdn' 

drta, - - 295 



Menupermdce^B Dec. Jl t 296 
I. MENISPE'RMUM L,%.S - 296 

THB MOONtEBD. 

hUnispermet Fr. 
Mandsaamef Ger. 

1. canadense L, J N. Amer. f. 42. 296 

The Canadian Moonieed. 

M. canadlnse var. m Lam. 
M. tmguliUum Mcench. 

Fariefy - - 296 

2 lobi^tum i>ec. J 
Af. «^ryteftnim L. 

2. dauricum Dee. A Daiiria f. 43. 297 

The DlwrUua MogpMtid. 

Trlhpkiu AmptlMtgrim Plteh. 
M. emadAue mt. fi JLam. 

3. »mi]icinum i>ec. k. • fig. 44. 297 

Thc Smi]u-lik« Moaateed. 

ClMdmf«lM>mllMiML. 



11. CO^CCULUS Bm^. A 

Thb C0CCULD8. 

Mentspermum L. 
fTciMttiiBdla Ff^aU. 
AndrdphHax Wendl. 
M^nisjferme, Fr. 
MfMMboaifw, CSer. 

1. carolinus D<?c. J ^ N. A. f. 45. 299 

The Carollna Coccului. 

Menispirmum caroGmum L. 
WendUndisi fopultfiUa WiUd. 
Andriphila* scdndens Wendi. 
BaumgdrAz scdndens Moench. 

App. I. Aniicipated Mem$permdicea. 298 



Berberaceae LindL 



298 
298 



T. BBfRBERIS L. a « 

Thb Bbbbbris. 

Piperidge Bush. 
Efpine vinette, Fr. 
Berberit*e, Ger. 

1. dblrica PaU. A Siberia f. 46. 301 
The Siberlan Berberry. 

B. aUiUca Pall. 

2. vulgaris L. A England - 301 
Thecommon Berberry. 

VarieiieM - SOl 

2liitea m 
8&lba • 

4 iriolicea ^ 

5 purpiirea A 

6 nigra • 
7d(ilci8 A 

8 aspdrma A. 

Otber Varieties : B. dai^rica and 
altidoa. 

3. canadensis MiU. m N. Am. f. 48. 303 

The Canadlan Berberry. 
B. vulg^is Michx. 
B. «. eanad^ntis Mart. Mill. 

4. emargin^ta WiUd. m Siberia f. 49. 303 

The emarginate-iitftoM Berberry. 
Ausgerandete Berberitxe, Ger. 

5. ib^rica Stev. m Iberia - f. 50. 30* 

The Iberian Berberry. 

B. wdgdrisr ». ib4rica Dec. Syit. 
B. shiSniis Wal. 

6. sin^nsis Desf. m China - 30* 

The Chinese Berberry. 
B. vutg^ Thonb. 

7. cretica L. m Candia - 304 

The Cretan Berberry. 

B. crMca hux\fblia Toum. 

Variety - - 305 

2 serratifdlia Poir. 

8. CTatae^gba Dec. m Aoa Minor 305 

The Cratsguft-lilce Beiterry. 

9. dulcis Swt. m 8. America f. 51. 305 
The •meet-JhsM Berberry. 



CONTENTS. 



XXI 



10. heteroph j^ila Jmt, • S. Am. f.52. 305 

Tbe Tonous-leaTed Borbeny. 

B. UtcO^Font. 
B. amddin Smith. 



ll.flDpetrifolial^afn. ft Chili - 306 
The Empetrum-Ieared Berberry. 

12. floribunda WaU. m Nepal - 306 

Tfae many-flowered Berbeny. 
B. qfftm». 
B. eeratopkpUa. 

13b asyttica Rox. m Nepal - 306 

Tbe Asiatic Berberry. 
B. Umetdria Ledi. 
Tke Bmitim JSerbtrrif, 

14. dealbata LmdL m Meiieo f. 35. 307 
T^e whhened-leaved Berfeerry. 

B. f ItfMS Hort. 

15. arifltkta 2>fp. A Nepal fig.54. 307 
Tbe hiUtie-toatked-leaved Berbeny. 

B. Chitxia, Buek. 
B. amguBtMUa Boxb. 
B. Jdt^u2r Delf. 

App. L Addiiumal Speeias of B^rberis. S08 



M Dk., m. fclio-viridlk B. kv 
A. Aulf&aa (f. 56.}, B. aldfiUa. 

IL M AHO^N/J Nutt. • «. « 308 
Thb MABoinA. 

Aahherry. 

Blhberli t^ Avthor». 
(Mortdmo» Raf. 

1. &scicul^ris Dec.m N. Ain. f.56. 309 

Tbe erowded-raeemed MahonU. 
B^rberif pimidta Lag. 
B./asactUdris Pen. Cyc. 

2. iquifolium Nutt. • N. Am. f. 57. 309 



Tbe HoUy-lesTed Mahonla. 
B. AqwJbUum Punh. 

Variehf 

2 nutkikiia Dee, 



309 



3. nerv6sa NuU. m N. Amer. f. 58. 310 

Tha narred-faMwd Mahooia. 
B6rberis nervUa Pnrsh. 
MakMa. giumdeea Dec 
B&berii ^umiLcea Pen. Cyc. 

4. repens G, Don. m. N. Amer. f. 59. 31 1 

The cnefAxig-rooted Mahoola. 
B^rberis Ajm(fbUmm Lindl. 
B. ripens ren. Cyc. 

App. L j4ddUianal ^pecies of MaA^to. 311 
M. nf|witfnits, ooanthifbUa, «ragacanthJftdes, and 



Crucidce6B. 



L FE'LLA L. «. 
Tam VSIX4. 



312 
312 



1. Pseddo-C/tisus L. & Spain f. 60. 312 

The False^Cytisas Cress-Boeket. 
V. itUanifbUa 8al. 
FauZ'(MiMe. 
SiramdSarttge VeUe^ Ger. 

App. L Other Crmcidcoa. - 313 
Cheirinthas Cketri, C. C. fruticttI6sas ; Veticiria 
ntrtcaUta; Mfutan argfoteum, sazitile (f. 61.), 
MDoofose ; ibiris semperrlreBs (f. 6S.), sax- 
iMis, mrMMla; Xepidium sabuUtum, suJBrutl- 
ebium; Si^^mlittam AfillefMium. 



CappariddcecB LindL jt - 
L CAPPARIS L. -* 

Ths Capbb Bush. 

CaprieTt Tapewier^ Fr. 
Capemttrauck, Ger. 
CapriolOt Cappero^ Ital. 

1. spinosaX.^^ Levant - fig. 63. 
The spined, or eomfno», Ci^wr Bush. 

2. Fontan^stt Dec. Jt ^ Barbary 

DwfQBtttnw^ Caper Baah. 
C.4wAlaIM 
Cafrier omI, Fr. 

C «cht> Idm., ncpalterif Dte,, nuinnniUtfla Aw., 
fltea Dk.. ttmbdl&ta tu Br., canAKcm Bwdt«, hai 
tha IVr., leDcophfUa Dee., VoUEamMtf Dac., domiia 
ehcrt<<fWfa Burcb., •MMh Bim*., oariteM BMrdk., 
tr&nca Barch., punctlita Bmrth.» noaatea Dtc, * 



Pa«e 

313 



314 

316 



CistdcecB Lindl. - 316 
L CISTUS L. mvL ^^ u - 317 

Thb Rock Rosb. 

HoUjf Roee, Gerard. 
Qum Cietus. 
Ciste, Fr. 
Cts^ Rose^ Ger. 

§ L ErythrocUtHB Dec. ■- . 318 

1. purpilreus Zram. a. Levant. f. 64. 318 

The purple-ifotoer<rd Ciitus. 
C. ermcus Hort. Kew. 

2. heteroph^llus i)ei/: & Alg. f, 65, 318 

The vanous- leared clstui. 
Tke Cistus qf Algiers. 

3. parviilorus Lam, n. Crete - 319 
The imall-flowered Clstus. 

4. complicatus Lam, «. Spain . 319 

Tha eonplkatad Ciatoa. 

5. villosus Zam. HL S. Europe - 319 

Thevillous Cfstui. 

C. utlvifhUus Hort. 

C. unduidtus Moench. 

C. m4s m^for, Ac., Duh. 

C. criticus Hort. 

Tke ikrubby dstus, Mart Mfll. 

Variety - - 319 

2 rotundifdlius m. 

C. rotundifbUus Swt 

C. viUbsus fi virdscens Dec. 

6. cr^ticus L. «. Levant fig. 66. 319 

The Cretan Ciitus. * 

Udon DioM. 

7. inclmus L. & S. Europe fig. 67. 320 

The hoary Cistui. 

C. diMus Hort. 
C. cffmbsuB Dec. 
CVr<e cotomuuXf Fr. 
Besiaubte Cisten Rose, Ger. 

^artcly «. - 321 

2 can^Boens «. 

C. canisoenr Swt. 

C. mdf Clus. 

C. i'»«dn«M «ar. fi Dec. 

8. undulatuB Dec. K. - - 321 
The waTed-2rB*Af Clstui. 

C. criOous Swt., alkerwards C. ioidn^ii» 

Swt. 
? C. erispus var. Don. 



XXll 



CONTENTS. 



9. crispus I/. iL France 

The ctuied-leaved CUtiu. 

10. 41bidus L, s. France 
Tho white-leaved Ciatus. 

11. candidlssimus Durin «. Canaries 

The whiteit-leaved Cistus. 

12. vaginatus AU. n. Teneriffe - 

The aheaXhed-petioled Cistus. 
C. %jfmphytifbliu» Lam. 
Ciste d. FeutUes de Consoude, Fr. 
Scheidenartige Cisten Sose, Ger. 

13. sericeus FafiL o. Spain 

Thc ■Uky^Meerf Cittut. 

14. hybridus VahL o. Spain 

The hjbrid Clfltn». 

15. cymosus X>un.«. Spain 

The cymote-flowered Cistuc. 
C. ttKdnus Sib. 



Fagt 

321 



321 
322 
322 



323 
322 
322 



§ ii. hedbnia. A & & I )U 393 

16. ralviaefolius L. «. S. Europe 323 

Tbe Sage-Ieaved Cistui. 
C.foe^imna CIus. 
Ciste d Peuiltes de Sauge, Fr. 
Salbey-bldttrige Cister^Rose, Gcr, 

Varieties «. - 323 

2 erectidsculus Dec, n 

3 ochroleiicus Dec, n, 

17. obtusifolius Swi, n. Spain - 323 
The obtuse-Ieaved Cistus. 

18. CupaniflnM* Presl. «. Sicily - 324 
Cupani'8 Clstus. 

VarietyiL - - 324 

2 acutifolius n. 

The acute-leaved Cupani*s Cistus. 
C. acutifbUus Swt. 
C. %alviitfUius ft kum(flksus Dec. 

19. corbariensis Pourr. n. 

The Corbidres Cistus. 

C. Mlvii^Nius /3 Dec. 

.C. wmulijblius m)nor, in some nurseries. 

C. h^bridus Pourr., not of Vahl. 



Spain 324 



20. florentinus Lam, % 

The Florentine Cistus. 



21. monspeli^nsis X. m 
The Montpelier Cistus. 

22. platysepalus SwL m 

• The broaa-sepalod Cistus. 

23. Xredon Lam, n. France 

The L«don Ctstus. 

C. vndul&tut Link. ? 

C. Iadan(fenu «uHupc/Mufiim Banh. 



Spain - 324 

S. Europe 324 

Crete - 325 



325 



Citie de MontfMer jut donm du ladaium, Ci»t« de 
LedoHfFr. 



24. hirsutus Lam, m Spain 

The hairy Cistus. 

25. fiTiderltis PresL ju Sicily 

Thc Ironwart-iU» Cistiis. 

26. laxus M. n. Spain 

l^hc loose^tfering Ciatui. 
C. capAute h. 
Schlifffe Cittem. Roae, Gcr. 

27. oblongifolius Swt, m 

Tbe oblong-leaved Cistus. 



325 



325 



325 



Spain - 326 



28. asperif6h'u8 Swt, «. 

The rough-leaved Clstus. 

29. psilos^palus Swt, «. 

The glabrous-sepaled Cistus. 

30. longifolius Lam. o. S. Europe 

The long-leaTed Cistui. 
C. tUffricatu PoDiT. 
C. ^ofm^Uim var. toag^fbthu Dainoot. 

31.oopulifdlius Z^. « Spain 

The Foplar-leaved Clstus. 
Vartety il 
2 minor Dee. ^ 

hidon latifbUum, ii., Clus. 
C. populijwius Cav. 

32. latifolius Swt. & -J Barbary - 

Thc broad-lnT«d Ciitnm 

C. jpapmHflUtu var. mijar Dw. 

33. /aurif(>Iius Lin, m Spain 

The Laurel-leaved Cistus. 

34. c>'priu8 Lam, m Greece 

The Gum Cistus. 

C. ladan^ferus Bot. Mag. 
C. stenophdUus Link. 
C. uUicifMus of some. 

35. ladanlferus L, m Spain 
The Latdanum-bearing (him Cistus. 

Varietie» m 

1 albifiorus Dec. m 

2 maculatus Dec. m 

3 plenifolius Dec. m 

36. Clusu Dunal. a. Spain 

ClU8iU8'S ClstUS. 

C. Libandtis fi Lam. 
C. unduldtus Link. 
Lidon, vii., Clus. 



Page 

326 



326 
32^ 

326 
326 



327 

327 
327 



328 

328 



328 



11. HELIA'NTHEMUM Toum. i 

tLi-J tL-J 1. s 1 317.328 

Trb Helianthbmum, or Sun Rose. 
Cisti sp. L. 
Heliantheme Sonnen Gurtei, Ger. 



§ 1. HaUmium Dec. m 1 ■* ■* 

1. Zibanotis WUld, «. 1 Spain 

The Rosemanr-^trovnf lleUanthemum. 
Cistus Libanotis L. 
JI. Tosmarinifblium Laff. 
Udon, vili., CIus. 
Ciste d FeuiUes de Bosmarin^ Fr. 

2. umbellatum Mill. «. __j S. Eur. 

The umbeIlate->Iotr(>re(f Hellanthemum. 
C^^ia umbeUitum. L. 
Cistu* Libandtis of some. 

Varieties a. _j 

2 er^tum Dec. ^. ( 

3 subdec6mbens Dec. &- . 

3. ocymoidcs Pers, «. 1 Spain 
The Basil-llke Helianthemum. 

CtstHS ocymbldes Lam. 
Cistus tampsucifdlius Cav. 

4. alyssoides Vent, n. | Spain 

The AljMam-Ilke Hcliuithcmuni. 
Ctetut atjfUBMee a Lam. 

6, rugosum Dun. n. _j Portugal 
The wrinkled-/«atvif Heiianthemum. 



329 
329 



329 
330 

330 

330 
330 



CONTENTS. 



XXI 11 



Pagt 

6. micropb^Iliun Swt. «. Francc 330 

The Bnall-leaTed HeUanthemuin. 

H. rtigbtmm $ microphuaum Dec. Prod. 
H. 9fyttSHdet fi mieropk^Uum Dec Fl. Fr. 

7. scabrdstim Pert. Jt Port. f. 68. 331 
The rou^ HeUanthemum. 

CMtw tcttbrdna Ait. 

8. algaiT^nse I)un, «. _j PortugaJ 331 

The Algarve Helianthemum. 

dsim algarvhuit Bot. Mag. 

9. fbnnosum Dun, m __j Portug. 331 

The beautifUl HeUantheraum. 
Cistutformdstu Bot. Mag. 

la atripHcifoHum WiHd. n. _ 

Tlw Ok»eh«4csTtd Heltanthanum. ~ 
Ciatna tMflkifUiii» Lam. 



Spain 332 



11. laDanthum JPiera. «. ^ Spain 

Tbc bafay-flowcnd HcUantheinumt 
CUtmUMUatkiu Lua. 



332 



12. involucratum Pers. «. _j Spain 332 

ne bvnAdtxmttd-JUn99nd Heliaatbainum. 
ClatiLa tMutemttiu Lam. 

13. cheiranthdides Pers. n. -J Port. 332 

Tfae Wallflover-Uke Helianthemum. 
Cisiut cheiremtkoidet Lam. 
Ctstus eUmgdtus Vahl. 
Cuiiw hainn(fdlius, U., Clus. 



Pace 

§ V. Fumana Dee. a. -J «- _| 335 

23. Fumdna Mill. n. France f. 72. 336 
The Fumana HeUanthemum. 

Ctslus Fumana X. 

^''i?f. *»'«»''*, seu OmmecUtus Erlc« 
/d/w /&^e«« ericUor, Bauh. 

Varieties it - • 335 

2 major 2?cc. «. 

2 minor Dec. n. 

3 virgata Dee. n. 

24. procumbens i>tm. t, — I S. Europe 336 

The procumbent Heath-Wte HeUanthemum. 

^^y* ^^iifntiis, sive Chamtecistus Er)cte 
jolto kumilior, Magn. Bot. 

25. ar&bicum Pert. JU — J Arabia 336 

The Arabian Hellanthemum. 
Cistus ardbictu II. 
Cistusferrughteus Lam. 
Cistus Sdpi Bertol. 
H. viscidulum Ster. 

26. l«'vipes Willd. n. _j Spain - 336 
ThesmooUi-peduncled HeUanthemum. 

Ct«/iw Ue^vipcs L. 

27. laeVe Pers. n. ^ Spain 



337 



14. candidum Swt. ^ Spain 

The white-femietf Helianthemum. 



332 



15. Aahmif51ium WtUd. ^ _j Spain 333 

Tbe Sea-PurfiUme-leaved HeUanthemum. 
Cistus halimifolius L. 
Cistaufdlio UiUimi, i., CIus. 

$ iL ZecAeoldes Dec, tt. & i_J & I 333 

16. eorymbdsum Michx. n. I Mexico 333 

TIm earjwabaai^Jli/tpertd Udlantbemum. 

17. elomeratum Ia^. «. —I Mex. f. 69. 333 

The ^omerate^werrd HcUanthemum. 
Cistus glomerittu Lag. Gen. 

18. brasiliense Pers. n. — J Brazil f. 70. 334 

The BrasUian Helianthemum. 
Ctffw brasHiSnsis Lam. 
Cistus attemifdlius Vahl. 

Other Species helonging to this Division of 

LecKeoXdes. . - 334 

H. ^jgalsfdnnm Su^. tt. i_J. fistylum Moe. et 

Sesse^ tripetalum Moc. et Sesse^ obcorditum Moc. 

etSeste. 

§ iil Tuberaria Dee. n. 334 

19. ligndsum Swt. n. S.Europe f.71. 334 
Tlie woodj Helianthemum. 

§ iv. Erioedrpum Dec. «. «. | 335 

20. Lippu Pera. tt. -J Egypt 335 

Itnt"* MeHanthCfmim. 
Ctatma UppR l.. 

21. «eoBiHflorum Pers. n. I N. Africa 335 

n* ■eaUe-flovcTvd HdiaBthemimi. 
CMMMMMi^rwOetf. 



- 337 
S. Europc 337 

Italy - 337 



Tbe nnooth Hellanthcmum. 
C/«AM/i^SwCaT. 

28. viride Tenore n. ^ Sicily 

The greea./e8ced HeUantbemum. 

29. junip^rinum Lag. «. — J 

The Janiper-Ilke Hellanthemam. 
Ciatua l^vipft Durand. 
Ciitua mmnUdniaia Tkib. 

30. Barreli^ri Tenore. tt. _j 

The Barrellerl Hellnnthemum. 

31. ^hymifolium Pers. *. ^ Spain .337 

The Thyme-leaved HeUanthemum. 
Cistus thymifdlius L. 
H. glutin6sum /3 Dec. 

32. glutinosum Pers. «. _j Spain 337 

The clammy Helianthemum. 
Cistus ghUinbsus L. 

§ vi. Pseudo-Cistus Dec. tt. I JU Jl. i_j 338 

33. m6Ue Per«.' II. jl._J Spain - 333 

The WBtt-leavtd Hdiantbcmam. 
Ctabu miUia Ctn. 

Spain S38 



34. origanifoHum Pers. ju 

Tbe Marioram-leaTed Heliant) 
CMiu origani/biiHa Lam 

35. dich6tonnim Dunal. JU 



pain 338 



22. \Mh\ncvatf DeL «. | Egypt 

Tfae Cahv HaUaashemnm. 

C«rfM afipmtMwafi Fonk. 



335 



" ^--^1 ^^w«*aaa i 

The dichotomoui-ArancArd Hellanthemum. 
Cistus dichdtomus Cav. 

36. oeUndicum Dec. JU Europe - 338 

The (Eland Helianthemum. 
Cisttts oeldndietu L. 
Chamacistusy U., Clus. 

37. pulchellum Swt. ** Germany 339 

The neat Helianthemum. 
H. aipestre Spreng. 

38. alpestre Dunal. t. S. Europe 339 
The Alpine Helianthemum. 

Cistus aipestris Crantz. 
Cistus leldndicus Jacq. 

Vartetiesf^ - - 339 

glabratum Dec. t^ 
elongaium Dec. ju 
canescen» Dec. t^ 



XXIV 



CONTENTS. 



Franoe - SS9 56. 



39. peniciUatimi T^ib. f^ 

Th* pendJlad IleliaDtliieintun- 
CiahueekUUIm Um. 
Cittua Omgfkua L. 

40. oboviituxn DunaL f^ | Spain - 3S9 

Ths oborate-ltMwrf HcUantlMamni. 
CMMOdliciwL. 



41. it&licum Peru u _J Itoly 

The Italian HallaMhcmiiiii. 
CMut iMUcM L. 
CUhtamaiifbUiuJBUb. 

VarieHes )U — ' 
strigdsum Dee. 1«. _| 
amaidiuimum DecTiL. ^ 
filbidam Dee. JU | 

42. vineale Pm. t* Germany 

The VinOTard HeUanthemum. 
CUtuevinedUe "Vrmd. 



339 



839 



340 



S. Europe 340 



43. canum Dunal, t^ _J 

The boary Helianthemum 
Cittus cAnut L. 
Chanuecitittty Ui., Chu. 

44. marifolium Dec, ^ France 

Th« Manun.iMvid HdlanllMnnim. 
CMmamMrifbHuMU. 

45. crassifdlium Pere. n. -J 

Thc thlck-Ica^ HaUanthannini. 
CMm ftattCM Detf. 

46. panicuUtum DunaL n. — I 

The Mnicied;/lon«ered HeUanthcmum. 
CMm nwr/MJM Thlb. 
CUtuM nmmndMM» nr. Ii«g. 
J?. «p. n^ Schoaw. 

§ vii. Evhdi&nthemum Dcc. Jc t« s. ^ 

47. lavandukefolium Dec. «l Franoe 

The LaToidcr-leaTcd Heliantiicnuun. 
Catmt lavanduU^u» IM. 

VarietieM n. 
lyrlacum Dee. n. . 

Cittut tmiacMa Jaoq. 
Thlbatidf Pen. & 

CMm rocmiteM Cav. 



340 



Spain - 340 



Spain 340 



340 
341 

341 



48. stoecbadifdlium Pers. n. Spain 341 

The French-Lavcnder-IeaTcd HeUanthcmam. 
CMm ■Itfdkad^MfM Brot. 

49. croceum Pers. fc» — I Spain - 341 
The Sailhm-coIoured-/fot<wr0if Heliantheimmi. 

Cittut crbceta Detf. 

Varieties - - 341 

50. Andersoni Swt & Hybrid - 342 
ADdenon'a HeHanthemum. 

51. nudicaiile Dunal. ^ — I Spain - 342 

The nakcd*ttcmmed Hellantliemam. 

52. glaucum Pres. n. ^ Spain - 342 
The glaucous Hclianthemum. 

CiOut glaitcut CaT. 

VarieHes n. - 342 

acutiusculum Dec. n. 
obtusi^iaculum Dec, n. 

53. tomentosum Dunal. f^ France 342 
Thc tomentose HeUaotbemum. 

54. barbatum Pen, & S. Europe 343 

The bearded-raerme<f Heliaathonum. 
Cittut barbitut Lam. 

55. leptoph;^llum Dunal. t — I Spain 343 

The ilender-IeaTed Helianthemum. 
CittutanguttifiUutlA^. 
Cittut ttceckad(fhliut Hort. 



57. 



58. 



Pape 
34S 



ferpvllifblium MiU. t. S. Europe 343 

TJie Wlld-Thyme-leaTed HeUaDtbemum. 
Cittut KTpifUif^limt L. 



acumiiuUum Pert. n. France 

The acamlnated HeUanthemom. 
CMm wnwftHp>Hm» Balb. 
CMm acWMiiMM NiT. 



vulgare Gtert. t^ Britain 

Thfi oommon Helianthemum. 
Cittut BeUdnthemmm L. 



- 343 



344 



Varietie* 
DouUe-floirered. 
Lee*s new double yellov. 
Tomentose pubescent branehes, 

Dee. 
Branohes glabroua at the baae, 

Dec. 



59. 

60. 
61. 

62. 

63. 
64. 
65. 



surrejanum MUl, t. England 

The Surrey Helianthemum. 
Citiut tumffinut L. 

ovatum DunaL %>. Geneva 

The orate4eeoeri Hellanthcmnm. 

CMM OfMtAU VlT. 

grandifldrum Dec. %. Pyrenees 

The laige-flowered HeUanthemum. 
Ctttut grand(/U^rut Scop. 

obsctkrum Pert.t^ S. Europe - 

The obicarc HcUanth«>nam. 
H. efcw tr — I a Dcc. 

taGricum Fisch, t.. Tauria - 

The Taurian Helianthemum. 
likcidum Hom. ^ 

Hie ahbiinii^eawrf Helianthemttm. 

nummularium il^2^ JU France 

The Moiieywort-Asa94»< Helianthemum. 
Cittut Hummuldriut u. L. 
H. obtctrum /9 nMtmmuUtrium Dec. 
H. anguttifblium Hort. 

angustifolium Pert. t^ Cyprus 

The namv.leaT«d Hellanthcmnm. 
CMm aHtnaHft<liv Jaoq. 
? B^ wMi iiw WA i fu ii i Dac. 



ai4t 
344 

344 

345 
345 
345 



66. 



67. hirtum Pers. t. «J 
The hairy HeUanthemum. 
Citiut kirtut L. 



Spain 



Varietiea %.. 
be^ticum Dec. t. 
at^reum Dec ts. 
teretif^Uum Dec. f^ 



Lag^bca Dunal. £. . 

LaGaica^t Heiiantheraiim. 
H. kirtma var. La|{. 



68. 

69. violaceum Pera. %.. 

70. 



The VioleeK!oloared.ealyjMd : 
CMMTioldeMflCttT. 



Spain 
Spain 



racemdsum Dumzl. n. — I Spain 

The racemo8e->lou7tfr«{ Helianthemum. 
Cittut racemdtut L. 



&rind8um Seat. tt. I Spain 

The meal? -teaetd Hellaitfaemom. 
H. mwiiiftwiiii fifiuimdmm Doe. 



71. 

72. strictum Pers. 



Spdn 



TI» ■tralsht-ArancJked He^^ithcmam. 
C&fM Urietmt Car* 



345 

345 

346 

846 
346 
346 

346 
346 



CONTENTS. 



^V 



73. mlosum Pers, *^ France - 346 

The pikMe Hcllantheinuni. 
Cishu pUonu L. 
Ckamdebiuty iv., Clui. 

FariUiett. - - 346 

With Itmnrleavei, hoary, Dec. SL. 
With linearleaves, oblong and sliining, 

Dec.lu 

74. Kneare Pen. %. _J Spain - 347 
The Ytaeax^iuned Heiianthemum. 

Ci$tm ImeitrU Carr. 
dtha pildsut Dec. 

75. virgitum Pers. n. Barbai^ - 347 
Tbe twiggy Heliantheniuin. 

VarieHesn. - - 347 

albffldrum Dee. tL 
rdaeum iVr. tt. 

76. apenn^Qum Dec. t. S. Europe 347 

Tbe Apennine Hdianthemum. 
Cwut MeunhMU L. 
CiftfW MfpKfw /3 Lam. 

yarieHeMt. - - 347 

Leavea broadand llattish, Dec. 1«. 
Leave* linear and narrow, Dcc. 1U 

77. bispidum DwmL n. France - 347 

Tte UaU-A«teraI Htilamhamun. 
CMMMpSfM Lun. 
Cithm fUn t m t $ 0<m«p. 
H. aaiangmJUnan fi Dcc. 

78. polverulentum Dec. JU France 348 

The powdered-iieaved Helianthemum. 
CitfKS pulverulAUus Pour. 
CteMpo2(rd<i«f Lam. 

79. macrinthum S^k;^. t. . - 348 

The large-floirered Helianthomum. 

Varieiift. - - 348 

2 miiltiplex SwL A. 

6a riiod&nthum Dunal. % — I Spain 346 

The E«d-flo«rered Hellanthemum. 
Cktut rdeeut Jacq. 
Cittut aug^ttifbliutt formerly in the Royal 

Botanic Garaen, Parifl. 
Cittut plMlferut Thib. 



86. variegatum Swi. t. llybrid 

The variegatod Hclianthemum. 



Varietie» %^ 
obiongifMium Dec. %s 
subhirsiitum Dec. %.. 
tknmxai Dec. %. 



348 



81. canescens iS^u;/. s — I Spain - 349 
The caneaoent-/(;av<rrf Helianthemum. 

82. conft^m Swi. t^ France 349 

The eonfuaed HeUanthemum. 
H.voUifMwml>9C. 

83. lanceolatum Swt.%^ Hybrid 349 
Tlie lanceolate-iSeatvfi Heliauthcmum. 

84. soliifolium Pers. %. England 349 
Tbe PoHam-leaved Heliantliemum. 

Cittut yoli/^ut L. 

- 350 

Heliantho- 



85. mutdbile Pers. JU — J Spain 
The changeable-coftwred-^taertfd 
CDum. 
Cittut tnutdtiUt Jacq. 



- 350 



Varietiet %* 
Wlth whlte flowers. %. 
With smaller flowers of a ro»e red. %. 
With double rose-coloured flowers. %. 



340 



87. versicolor SwL n. S. Europe 340 
The various-colonred Helianthemmn. 



88. sulphureum Willd. %. -J Spain 351 
The sulphur^^D&Mcr-^fou^tTreil Helianthemum. 

89. stramineum i^tff/. i^ Hybrid 351 

The 8traw-eo/o«r->f(N0tfr«rf H^ianthcmum. 

Variety%. - - 351 

2 miiltiplex Swt. %. 

90. diversifdlium iSiii;/ «. 

Tfae various-Ieaved Helianthemum. 
Variety «. 
2 miiltiplex tt 

91. erios^palon Swt. %. S. Europe 
The woolly-sepaled Helianthemum. 



351 
351 

351 
352 



92. roseum Dec. %. S. Europe 
The 'Rtm-coUmr-JUwered Hellanthemum. 

Cittut rbteut AII. 

Variety%. - - 352 

2 miiltiplex Swt. f^ 

93. foe^tidum Ptri. %. Hybrid - 352 

TlM Iktid Hdtenthcnam. 
Ciihuji^tuhu Jaon. 

94. Ay8sopif61ium!7Wiore.« 1 Italy 352 

The Hyssop-Ieaved HcUanthemum. 

Varietiett. ' 3^2 

i crocaltum Swt.%s 

2 cikpreum Swt. %. 

3 miiltiplex Swt. %. iig. 75. 

95. cupreum Swt. %. Hybrid - 353 
The capper-colour-Jlowered Helfanthemum. 



96. venustum Swt. %. 

The handsome HeUanthemum. 

97. MlUeri Swt.iL Hybrid 

HiUer*s HeliaxUhcmum. 



- 353 



- 353 



98. mq/oraiMBfdlium Dec. «. & Europe 353 

Tli0 Mmjoram-lMTKl Udianth«mnm. > 

H. m. 001'. • Dee. 
CUtn» maijonuu^iM Ooiun. 

99. hirsutum Dee. JU Pyrenees - 353 

The htJBrj HaUanthwniun. 

C«te« kirMu» Lapeyr., not flf L«n. 

HI. HUDSO^NJ/l L. iL -I 317. 354 

TUB HVDSOMIA. 

1. ericoldes I/. «- -J N. Am. fig.76. 354 
The Heath-Iilie Hudsonla. 

2. [?«.] Nuttilli Swt. B. -J N. Amcrica 354 

Nnttall'! Hudsonia. 

M. mieiidtt Ntttt. 



3. [? e.] toincntosa Nuti. «. - 

The tom«itoke-/nnMii Hdianthanwm 

b 



N. America 
354 



XXVI 



CONTENT8. 



Pagc 

Vohfgcddcem, «lJ & - 355 

1. i\>l^gala Chanuebfizus X. <*• Europe 
j fig. 77. 356 



LtWcete» 



» n 



«: u - 



S€0 



Thc Dwvf BoK P^npdo, «r a»a-ltmv%i Mitkwort. 



Ilalf-hartbf PohfgaJUu. A i 

:p. qpporittfbU» L.tft\ f 

( .> P. laltfMia JOr. m i I 
P- MjiclAUa. il |_J 
P- grandUUfB ^oAi. ^ I 
P. bnctooUtfa X- ai , | 
P. ificclAaa Aof. MMg. |k i | 
P.atMDuAULMrtf. H, I 



- 356 
flf. 78. 



Pittospordcea. • lJ t. lJ ^se 

I. BILLARDIE^R^ Sm. t i-I - 356 

Tna BiUA.aDi8RA, or Afpk Btrry, 

1. Umgifldra Labm. t i_J V. D. L. £ 79. 357 

The l<mg-&o«cnd Billanllara. 

2. ovdlis Lindl. t lJ V. DiemeQ*8 L. 357 

Thc onl4mvtd nUaidtara. 

3. muUbill8£r. ir.i. lJ N. a W.£ Sa 357 

Thc rhmntimVt^<obmrvd-JU)wmd BUtaidtan. 

IL SCLLY^ LindL 1. lJ - 357 

Tn 80U.TA. 

BUUrdUn,inoHe»reelm. 

1. heteroph^lla LindL 1 lJ N. H- f. 8L 357 

The Tadoas.|«avod Sbllya. 

2. aogustifolia UndL t Lj V. D. L. 358 

Thc nanow.|aaTad Sallja. 

BUtardUrmfiufjirmU 



IIL PITTCSPOKUM Banh. i. lJ 538 

Tbb PnrocpoauH. 

L Toblru Ait m lJ China 

Thc Tobin PUtoqMvum. 



fig. 82. 358 



EwfiMiiiw'Tobln Tkunb. 
P. ekbiAuU Donn. 



fig. 83. 358 



TMra Jmfoiu, Pfc 
CkmmUe&r KUboamtt, G«. 

S. unduUtum m i_j China 

Thc nndvlatcd-iMMrf.pmgqKViim. 

App. i. Oiher S^aeeies of PiuSeporvm, * lJ 359 

P. xevoldtamJtr. fl| ^ 
P. tooMnt^m Bomp. m i I 
P.fiUvnmaiM^. m i^ 
P. hirttun irUid, m (_J 
P. eclociriram. m lJ 

App. I. Pittotpordce£B probably half-hardy. 

iiLJ ... 359 

ScBieia ncpalteds Ow. il |_J, Bnnteia «pintea G«h m l_J, 
Chdnitthtea Itnciiit LlmU. 



CaryophyUdcecB. *- 359 

1. Di&nthus Caryophyllus yar. frutiodsus 
Hort. ft^ - - - 359 

Thc ihnibbj CIotc Plnk. 

Oiher twffrutieote evergreen CaryophyU^oea. 

t. - - 359 

IXtothus arUiKula Bat. Beg. <U, axMKU L. f^ ^, 84.« 

frutiotaiM L. l^ mffirutlo&ias W. %^ 
Hltecfrntietea £..!.. 
AranMa nrtieiU&U W, t. 
Dr^VbiAML. t^ 



uBum aitnivnm Ij. (^ i | i^. 8b. 
I>. taAzicnm W. b. 
L.salHlttdcii:«ii. B. 
Im tofliutloteBm. la. |_J 



yLalvdce(B. 



I: LAVA'TER^ L. ? a 

Thb LATATmui, «r rr«c MaOan. 
LnaUret Fr. aad Ucr. 

1. maritima Gotian * . 

Tbc Ma.«<ir.<iihaM(jiw I^Tatcra. 
L. kitpdideaUiU. 
L. ro<MMi<fWia Um. 

2. triloba Z. _l « Spain 

The duce-lobed^Maerf LaTatora. 

3. subovata Dee. m Morocoo 

Thc ■uborate.teMrf LaTatcra. 



• -J 362 
_j - 360 

France f. 87. 360 



4. africana Cav. * -J 

The Afiicaii LaTaMnu 

L. kUplda var. WUId. 



N. Africa 



361 
361 
361 



Other Speciea of Lavdter^ IH^ to prove 
haif-hardy. * ^ - 361 

£.PMbdoOabUlWr. m | 

L, phoBBlooa F<mf. m I 

i..onbUL. m 1 

I» ongnlcnlMa DSf, m ,^ 
£. hliplda Dt^f. m | 



IL IflBrSCUS L. i 

Thb Hibiscus. 

Ketmie^ Fr, 
Eibitckt Ger. 



msfii 



1. syriacus L. • Syria - fig. 88. 362 

The Syriaii Hibiicai. 

AUAaa Prutex. 
Ketnde det JardinSt Fr. 
Syritcher SUtitcA, Ger. 

Farietiet 11-362 

2 foliis Tari^^tis m 

3 flore vaii^ato m 

4 flore purpiireo m 

5 flore purpilreo-pleno * 

6 flore ri^bro A 

7 flore dlbo m 

8 flore albo-pldno m 

App. I. OMcr ligneont Plantt of the Order 
Malvclce<Bf which toiU probably be fomnd 
hardy or half-hardy. ^CD - -363 

Slda pnlehAUa BM]rf. ■. [^ fig. 89. 
AbfttikmpaldMiumBot. Maff. 



St€rculidce(B, IlJ - 633 

SterciUia platanifolia X,. t ^ fig. 90. 



B. lanoeoUtta Cov. 
8. diMnLfblia 6. Oon. 
B. tomcMoH^rAwiA. 
8. pdt4tt O. J>M. 



1 lJ 



GOMTENT8. 



XXTU 



Tilidce^ Lindl. t - 364 
L 7TLIA Zr. $ - - 364 



LmA, Anglo-Su. 

l^Kdt^ Ger. tnd Ddtch. 
TMk>, ItaL 
70», SMin. 

RUM. 



K europflB^a L. t Eorope pl. 14, 15. 364 

The Enropean, «r eommot^ Lfane Tree. 
T. mtermdilui Dec. 
T. M^gdfw HiTne. 
T. emmafa boredUt Wahl. 



- 364 
European Llme 



FimtUi. S 

2 micropfaylla 
The anall.leaTed 

Tree. 
T. mienpkffla Venf . 
T. e. var yX. 
T. jjimifMa Scop. 
T. spMtriM Desf. 
T. parvi/litia Bhrh. 
T. eonldta HiU. 
TiZfev/ hpetites Fet$iBcsy Fr. 
£<r<eMi^4rX«Mfe, ^MfWoMlr, 

CSer. 



? StOwietw. ^ . 
7. parrllhUa gU6ea Hort. j^ 



366 



S plstypb^ns 3? - pl. 16. S65 

Tbe broad-leaTed Curopean Lime 

Tfee. 
T.plattfpMOa Scop. 
T.eordOoUaBe»*. 
T. »royMe^a Desf. 
T. graadifhlia Ehrh. 
BroaH^tufed doumjf lAme Tree. 
TUeul i graadee Femlles, nOeul 

de Holkmde, Fr. 

4 r&bn 5 - - 365 

The red4w%jf«d Bnnipean Lime 
Tree. 

T. irClttra Puer. 
T. coriMMani Boac. 
T. eordOima Hort. K«w. 
T. emropai^a fi rkbra Sibthorp. 
T. empm^a y Smfth Fl. Brit. 
T. grmmdifldrm fi Smith Bng. Flor. 



pL 17. 366 
Buropean Limo 



5 bicixiiata 

The cnt^Md 
Tree. 
T. plalppkiam Imdmiida Hort. 

6 a<irea $ - pL 18. 366 

The goldea-lv^gtetf Buropcan Lime 
Tree. 

7 platyphf Ua aiirea T. - 366 
The ffolden-MmrMnf broad-leaved Eu- 

ropeanLimeTree. 

8 dacyBtybi X - - 366 

The halr7'«tyled Eoropean Lime 
Tree. 
T. datfsipea Steven. 

Other Farietie$ . 366 

With rariegated LeaTcs. 
T. a spleniifMia ndva BoU. Cat., a inb- 
Tar. of e. ladniita. 
e. adrea, a netr Tar. of, Jtaum. 
e. mhlBatflle JBot. Gard. Am. 



8. (eur.) &lba Waldtt. et Kk. j HungSy 

p\. 19; 372 

Tho whlte-teial Earopean Une Tree. 
T. ameriedma Dn RoL 
T. arghUea Deif. 
T. roimumUa Vent. 
T. tomienlota Mdench. 

rrarietp $ - - - «78 

TlM I w y p t tf o i a4wi LliiM nm 

3. americ4na L. ^ North America 

pl. 20. 372 
The American Lhne Tree. 
T. gUbrm Vent. 
T. caroUmiima Wangeoh. 
T. eamadhuie Mlchx. 
Tke tmooth-kaved, or Nack, Lime Tree» 
and Bratt Woed, Amer. 

rarteltef. 
S kziflora 2 . 374 

The iooae.«Mne^floirered American 
Lime Tree. 
T. locllBni mchx. 

3 pub^scens T - pl. 22. 874 

The pubeioent-lMvecl American 
Llme Tree. 
T.pubitcent f^ort. Kew. 
T. caroUnidna Mill. 
T. americdma Walt. 

4 pdbfifcens leptophf lla '^ 
Tha tUaJwfcd pulMMU . 

Trae. 

T; mtmUHppaSUlSS. 

5 beteroph jrfhi ¥ 

The Tariooa-leaved American Lime- 
Tree. 
T. keteropk^Ua Vent. 
T. dlba Nichx. 
Tik JVkite Lime. 

App. L DmAtfid rarieiieg of TOia europeta 

and americana, - - 176 

T. plat7phf ila Tira. T.p. mlnor, T. pr»\»x. T. eiti. 
f&ba, T. tauEill^ra microphfUa, a 



375 



375 



ngbtA. 



and 7. pub^aceni 



App. I. Otker Species beionffing to the Order 

Ti&deeee, «O hlJ . 376 

QtkmtaL.m □ • uJ 

opporit^ta JloaA. il £J 
dldjma. B 
Idlolm O. Am. A 
occldMitklli L. t^LiJ 
popuUfblU ralU. m 
ptaailaBt 



•chtaiiilkla 






TemgtrdmikceaB. Itl^^i^ S76 

Seet. I. ffardy andhalf-hardy Ugneout Plantt 
hdonging to the Tribe Gordonies. 376 

L MALACHODE'l^DRONCfli;.t 377 

Tbv Malachodendron. 
Stadrda VUirU. 
StewdrAm L. 

1. ovaCuin Cav. $ N. Aro. fig. 91. 377 

The OTate-lciWMl Maladtiodendron. 
SludrtiB pentag^nia L' H^rit. 
Stewdra^ Ma&ckadfmdrom. 
Stewartia 4 dmq Slptet, Fr. 

b2 



XXVIU 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

II. STUA'RT/J Cav. m . 377, 378 

Thb Stuartia. 

1 . virgioica Cav, m N. America f.9S. 878 

Tho Vlrginlan Stuartia. 

SteufiJarAB, Malaehodindfon L. 
Siudrttii fuaHlandica Bot. Rep. 
Stewartia d |m Style, Fr. 
EktgriffUche {ane-^lei) Skutrtie, G«r. 

III. GORDOW^ Ellis. 1 1 377, 378 

Thb Gosdomu. 

1. Lasi4nthus L. f N. Am. fig. 93. 379 

Tbe woolly-flowered Gordonia^ or Lobtolfy Bay. 
Hypfricum Latidntktu L. 
Gordonia d FeuHles glabreSf Alcie de la 

FtoridetFr. 
Langst^Uge Gordaniet 0«r. 

2. pubescens Ph, ? Georgia f. 94. 380 

The pubeioent Gordonla. 
iMcathtaJldrida Sal. 
FrankUnlA americdna Marsh. 
Tke Franklinia^ Adher. 
Behaarte Gordonie^ Ger. 

Varieties - - 380 

velutina Dee, 

G. mMtcem L'H«r. 
subriabra Dec, 

0. Frdnklini L*Hgr. 

Fr<mJl:finJa Albatam&ba Marsh. 

Scct. II. Hardy and half-kardy Ugneous 
PianU belonging to ths Tribe Cam«flieai. 
ai^ . - . .381 



1. AME'LL/i4 L. • lJ 



381 



Ths Cambllia. 

The Jopan Bose. 

Cameuier. Rose d« Japon^ et de ta 

Chine, Fr. 
CameOie, Gcr. 

1. iap6nica L. * ^ Japan fig.95. 382 
Tbe Japanese Camellla, or Red single-Jlowered 
Cameuia. 



Variette*. 
Chinese in general Cuitivation. 

2 variegata Bot. Rep. m i_j 

3 incamata Bot. Reg, * i-J 

4 llba pldna Bot. Rep. * uJ 

5 fimbriata Lodd. m lJ 

6 rikbra pUna Bot. Rep. m lJ 

7 onemonefldra * lJ fig. 96. 

8 crassin^rris Lodd. m i^ 

9 myrtifolia Bot, Mag. m uJ 

10 involikta BoL Reg. • L-J 

11 variibUisaLJ 

12 Pompiinia Bot Reg. i^LJ 

Subvarieties m lJ 

meon&nldra r6sea tk lJ 
4Iba«Lj 
I>61Uda«LJ 

13 semidClplex Bot. Rep. m lJ 

14 atro-rUbens Bot. Cab. m\_j 

15 Welb^nktt ChancU. lU. *u. 

Ikteo-dlbicttns Bot. Reg. 

16 rOsca DotCs Mill. iii-J 



983 



386 



17 speciosa Hort. TSrang, 

C. AavesiAna Hort. 

18 cimea A><. Reg. m lJ 

1 9 imbricata HorU Trans. m uJ 

20 Pirkstt Hort. Trans. *i.J 

21 SataintaMa Hort Trans. li lJ 

Chinese and other Foreign Varietieo 
not m general Cultivation, but c» 
all probabHitjf as hardi/ as the 
others.mi^S - -886 

fiS candidluima m lJ 

3» Donkiaen' m lJ 

34 francoAirtinsis m lJ 

2& b^brida Makoif. m lJ 

Ort€r ^amet qf Foreign Varietie». 
AlJ - 9SS 

■iXfetea, GimnflU, PnnuydiM, nlottoHi «t- 

porba. 
Tbc acmidenblc «hltc, tbe 

wumtah, hexangolkxi». 

Varieties originated in Britain. 

»lJ - 
26 oor&lllna Chandl. m lJ 

87 eximia ChandL m lJ 

28 Wf Iton^ Cbandl. m lJ 

29 Ch£ndler/ Cbandl. m lJ 

vtrtteolor BoC. Rac 

30 fldre-&lbo CAhimI/. tt lJ 

31 altbaesfldra Chandl. m lJ 
82 anemoneflftra &lba ChandL m lJ 
33 Wo6dsti Chandl. m lJ 
84 punctilta Chandl. m lJ 

36 6Iegani (»andl. m lJ 
86 fl6rida Chandl. m \_J 

37 r6sea Chandi. m lJ 

88 ecUpds ChandL m i_J 

89 inslgnis ChandL m lJ 

40 ilba semtdaplex Chandl. m lJ 

41 concinna ChandL m lJ 

42 spl6ndens Chandl. m lJ 

ooocfiaoK AoH. BrU. 

48 Adsa sintosis Z^d. m lJ 

44 R6ssA' dhandl. m lJ 

45 Aiton^ Chandl. m lJ 

46 epsom6usi8 Chandl. m \l 

47 Colvllli Swt. * lJ 

48 Sweet^aiM Swt. • lJ 

49 Knlghtr^Lodd. m lJ 

90 Rbta. mdndi Z>on'« MiU. m lJ 

51 Pressrr Don'8 MUI. m lJ 

52 rQbro-punctita m lJ 
58 Elphinstoniana * lJ 

54 single-striped and dotted m lJ 

55 aueubigrtiU Hort. Brit. m lJ 
96 expinsa Hort. Brit. m lJ 
57 Suslinna Gani. Bfag. m lJ 
68 MHrtha Gard. Mag. m lJ 
99 WadleaiMi Gard.Mag. t 



Varieties metUioned in Gard. ^. 

vithout any Descriplion being 
given. . 8t3 

CllTcftM, ooiunfcQa, decAra, prlkioe|i«. n»- 
tnndiftlia, PUmeri, AecTMI. looBfiiUa, 
TknMi, pteduJa, Allntiitu Ub*, suptrtm. 

2. reticulkteZ^. «lJ China - 389 

Tbe reticuhite-/;«ifv«rCaineIlia, or Capt. Bawes*s 
Camellia. 

3. i?ialifl6ra Ltfui/. ft L.J China f. 97. 390 
The Apple-6ftM«om-flowered Camellia. 

C Sasdnqua Bot. Mag. 
C. Sasdnqua rdsea Hort. 
Paimer*s double Sasanqua. 

4. SatdnquaThunb.m\^ China f.98. 390 

Sasanqua, or Lady Banks*s, Camellia. 
Sasdnqua K«mpf. 



Cha-ufha^ Cliinese. 



5. 



Kim Wall. • lJ 
Thc Kissi Camellia. 

C. Kema Hamil. MSS. 



Nepal Hg. 99. 390 



CONTENTS. 



XXIX 



Poge 

6. oleffera Abel. m uJ Cochin-China 

fig. 100. 391 
Tbe oll4Maring Camellla. 

7. euiydides Lmdi. « lJ China 

fig. 101. 391 

Tbe Burya-Uke Camellla. 

Tbda ettrymda Booth. 

U. THJETA h.m\^ . . 381.392 

TvB TsA Trbb. 

1. viridifl £. alJ China - fig. 102. 393 

Tbe O Miw Hi tfii . or green, Tea. 
T.BabiA ttricia Ait. 
T. snafnsis Simi. 
T. ckmhuit var. m viridis Dec. 
CameULa, mridis Llnk. 
ThH catUonAuis iMa. 

2. Boh^a L. • lJ China fig. 103. 393 
the Bobea, or blaek, Tea. 

T. eJUnAuis /3 Bohda Sims. 

3. eoduncliiDeiisis Zotcr. m lJ CochiD- 

ChiDa - - 395 

Tte C«dMii.Ghiiia Taa. 

4. ole^ Xotcr. A LJ China - 395 

Tb»«ilyTw. 

AnHe^taled DanutrvmlkeeK. ? ■ lJ . 395 



L CTTRUSJiuJ 
II- UMO^NIA tt lJ 



• lJ - S95 

fig. 104. S95 

896 



i.aMnaairiaf 



HypericdcecB Lindl. 362 



I. iffYPE'RICUM i. 



. 397 



Thb St. Johii's Wort. 

F^^ DiemonMan. 
MiOe Perhtis, Fr. 
JoAafMMcArafli/. Ger. 

§ L Aaeifreia Chois. - 393 

• • «lJ JiLj «.lJ 

l. datum AiL A N. America 398 

The tall St JohD's Wort. 

t. hircinimi L. m Mediterranean 
^ ^ fig. 105 398 

Tbe Goat-foeDted St. John'a WortT 
Trdgium Clni. 

Km^^tsahnmmfoe^tidsim Bauh. 
MiBe Pertuis d Odeur de Bouc, Fr. 

Farietieam - .. 393 

2 obtusifoUum Z)ec. tt 

3 minus Wdts. m 



3. grandifldrum Chois. m LJ Teneriflre 298 

TlM lane-flowered 6t. John'i Wort. 
H.eamariAtm Wllld., not aTL. 

4. foliofium Ait. lJ Azores . 393 

Tbe iMfV St. John'! WorL 

SMtdmg at. J9km'$ Wori. 

5. floribiindum Ait. m lJ Caoaries 39S 

The abandjuit-Sowvred St. Jdlin'a Wort. 
VL.frvMeenM Cocnm. 
Mims.JUtnmi St. JohHr$ Wert. 

6. olympicum L. m Mount Olympus 

fig. 106. 399 

St. John^s Wort. 

SntisOiympiWhma. 

H. oritHtMtJUirt m^ Toarn. 

7. canari^nse Zr. fli lJ Canaries - 399 

The Caaarylsland St. JohQ's Wort. 

Varietiet A lJ - - 399 
triphyllum Dec. » 
«aUcifdlium Dec. 

8. chin^nse X*. • lJ China - 399 

Tho Chinefle St. John'8 Wort. 
H. mondgjfnum Mlll. 
H. aureum Lour. 

9. cordifolium Chois. m lJ Nepal 399 

The heart-leaved St. John'« Wort. 
H. bracteiUum. 
H. Lungfuum Ham. MSS. 

10. p^tiilum Tkun. m — J Japan . 399 
The spreadlng St. John's Wort. 

1 1. Kalmuzni^ Lam. • N. America 400 

Kalm'a St. John'8 Wort. 
H. Airfrdmium MiU. 
Virginia St. Jokn*s Wort. 

12. Urdhan Ham. m Nepal fiir. 107. 400 

ThaUfa]a8t.Jflhn'aWait. " ^ ^ 

13. calyclnum L, m Britain . 400 

The large-cs^eA St. John*8 Wort. 

hndrpste^^um constantinopolitdnmn Jldre 

tndxMmo Wheeler. 
2V large-Jloufcred St. Jokn*s Wort, The 

large-flowerintt Tutsan^ The terrestnal 

Sun, Aaron*s Beard. 
MiUe Pertuis d grandes Pleurs, Fr. 
Grossblumiger Johannis Kraut^ Ger. 



14. baledrieum X. «l lJ MiUorca 

The HtyMdi St. John'i Wort. 



§ ii. Perfordria Chois. 
■ .a tt. H 1 «Li I M 



« 400 
- - 401 



15. m-olificum L. m N. America 401 

The prolific St. John'8 Wort. 
H.Jblii^sum Jabq. 
H. iColmlitnmn nultoi. 

16. heteroph^llum Fent. «t-Lj Persia 401 

Tfae wiout-lMiMf St. John'« Woct. 

17. »gyptlacum X. «. lJ Egypt 40 1 

The fl^ptlan St. John'» Wort. 

18. palioldes Xom. «l N. America 401 

Thc OaUum-like-lMtMd St. Joba'» Wort. 

19. axillire Lam. «l N. America 401 

The axillary-ytotivrnf 8t. John'8 Wort. 
H./asciculAtum WlUd. 
H. Cdris Walt. 

30. ^andulosum Ait. a. lJ Madeira 402 

Th« glandiilar St John'a Wort. 

21. serpylhYoliuin Lam. j» Lcvant 402 

Thc WUd-Tbynio.lcB^ St. John*» Wert. 



CONTENTS* 



92. einpetril&lium WiBd. o. ^ & Eurape 

fig. 108. 408 

Th« Rinp«tnim*IaaTed 8l. Joha^ Wbrt. 
^. Cdris X. ft. ~l Leyant. 402 

Ths CviMJmmi St. Jolmli Wofb 



S4. «rieo3des Z. & _f Spain 

Tha HMth-llte St. Johali Wort. 



402 



§ iiL Bra<Aya Chois. Jk ^ 402 

25. fasciculatiim Zom. j> -J Carolina 402 

The fktidcied-leaved St. Jotm's Wott. 
H. upaiatkSklm Ponh. 

App. L 0<Acr Species of HypSrieum. 40S 

H. rdpens, H. IlneulfbUum* H. obloOgiAUum, and 
H. jap6nlcum Dec. 

11. JNDROS^^MUM Choit. «. 397. 403 

. Taa AMDaoaAicoM, or T^an. 

IfypAictmlj. 
Androtimet Fr. 
JohamUtkraut, Ger. 

K officinalis i4//!k)m. Lev«Dt fl. f. 109. 403 

The offldnal Androiaemumr or eommom TtOean. 
Cl$menon HaHrum L'Obel. 
HtfpMcmn AndrouB\inm L. 
Park Leave». 
Androtime qglchmiet Fr. 
Breit-lUditriget ibroad4eaoed) Jokaemi»' 
krautf Ger. 



AcerdcetB Lindl. $ * 5_j «^j 404 
I. ACBR I,. ^t • 5 -J • -J 405 

Thb Maplb. 

E*rabie,Yx. 



Akomy Ger. 
AeerOt Ital. 
Jfve, Spankh. 



I. obl6ngum WaU. 2—1 Nepai fig. 113. 



m p. 433. 

Ttae oblong-lravaf Dfople. 

A. \amr^Wnm D. Don. 
A. Buxlmp&la Hamitt. 



- 405 



pl.23.f.ll4. 
- 406 



2. tat&ricumi/. 2 Tartary 

in p. 434. 

The Tartarian H^Ie. 

E^rafOe de Tartarie, Fr. 
Tartarieeke Akom^ Ger. 
Zarxa-modont or Loctut Tree^ Ruts. 

3. spicatum L, 1t Korth Araerica pl. 24. 

fig. 115. inp. 435. - - 406 

Tbe v^\k»rflioteered Maple. 
A mon^Mum Ait. 
A. pemuulvdtucum Du Rol. 
A. pam^irum Ehrh. 
Mountain Maple. 
B^raUe de Montagne^ Fr. 
Bet^e Ahom^ Ger. 

4. striktum L, % North America pl. 25. 

fig. 116.inp.436,437. - 407 

The striped-dar^rctf Maple. 
A. penMvlvdnicHm L. 
A. canadenee Marsh. 
Snake-barked-Maple, Mooee Woodt Striped 

Maple, E^rablejaspi, Fr. 
Gettre0er Akom, Ger. 



5. macroph^Uum Pwrsh.^St North America 

pl. 26. fig. 117. in p. 438.439., and 
118. inp. 440, 441. - - 408 

The loDg» or large, leared Maple. 

6. piatandides L. I Europe pl. 27. 

fig. 119. inp. 442, 443. - 408 
The Flatanus-Uke, or Norwa/f, Maple. 

E^rableplane, E^rable de Noro^, Fr. 
SpitiL'Akom, Spiti-blattriger Akonh Ger. 

Varieties. 2 

2 Lob^K» 5! 1 120. faip. 444, 409 
Lobefs Platanus-Bke Bbvle. 
A. LobiRi Tenore. 
A. pla^mbXdes Don's MUl. 

5 pubAiceu Bayne. 1 ,i^ w , " ***• 

The dowBj-teMd fiaaMam-tSkt Moplo. 

4 varieg^tuin Iforf. J - 409 
Tbe sUver YwrltgaioA-leoeed Flatanua- 

Uke Maple. 

ilbo oariegdimm Bxp». 

5 oikice ▼ariagktam 3^ • * *09 
Tbe goldan mligaied-tewd PlaUBU»4Ik« 

6 ladniatom Dee. ¥ pl. 28. fig. 

121. in p. 445. - 409 

Tbe cvMeaved PlataniM-IOEe Maple. 
? A. p. crisvwn Laatfa. 
Tke EagWs Claw, or Hawk*a 
Foot Maple. 

7. 8acch4rinum L. t. North America pl. 

29. fig. 122. in p. 446, 447. 41 1 
The Sugar Maple. 

Soek Maple, Hard Maple, Bird^s-Epe 
Maple. 

Vanetyt - - 4U 

2 nlgrum l^ 
The black Sugar Tree, or Bock 
Maple. 
A. nHgrum Ifichz. 

; 8. Pseikdo-i^&tanus L. t: Europe pl. 30, 

31. fig. 123. in p. 448, 449. 414 
Tbe Mock Flane Tree, the Sycamore, or Qreea 
Maple. 

Plane Tree, Scotcb. 

Bfrablle S^catnore, ^rtMe blane deMon- 
tagne, Fautse Blatane, Grand M^raUe, 
Fr. 
Skrei^aum^ Weiteer Akom, Gemeine 
Akom^ Ger. 

Varieties. 

2 flava variegata $ - - 414 
The yellow varieKated Sycamore, or 

Coelofpkine Plane, wilk teavee 
eartegated toitk yeUow. 

3 ^bo varieg^ta Hayne 1! - 414 
The whlte variegated-Xeav^tf Syca- 

more. 

4 purpurea Hort. S <- - 415 
The purple-leoiMd Syoamwe. 

■ 5 subobtusa Dec. % - ^ - 415 
The haIf-obtU8e>feom<iif Sycamore. 
A. opMl^Mam Thuil. 
A. xitifblium Opiz. 



CONTENTS. 



XXXI 



415 



Other VarietieM - 
Hodgkiiifl's Seedling, Hort. 
Leslie's SeedJing, Hort, 
8ten6ptera Hayne. 
macroptera Hayne. 
microptera Hayne, 



9. obtufiatuin Kit. J Hungary pl. 32. 

fig. 1 24. in p. 450, 45 1 . - 420 

The Mmt-if^ted4ea»ed MaplQ. 
A. neapoiildman Tenore. 
A. Mbridnsn Hort. 
TXe Netqfolilan Maple, 

10. barb^um Mkkx, 9 North America 

pl.33. fig. 125.inp.4d2. - 420 
TIk beardeiteaAuretf BAaple. 

A. caroUnidnmn Bolt. 

A. IriZoMfwm Hort. 

il. (Xpalus Dec, S Italy pl.34. fig. 126. 
inp.453. - - 421 

71» Opal, er lUMan, Bfu>le. 
A. (ypatae L. 
A. roiatnd^hUum Lam. 
A. adliemn Lantb. 
A. eiObeum Fres. 

'VEfrahU Opate, E^raUe & FeniUei rondetj 
EfrdUe aitaUe, Fr. 



Variely % 
? A, ooTiiUseom Lodd, *t 



- 4S1 



12. opulifdlium T^. 1 IVenees * 421 

Tm Gneider-Rose-leained Maple. 
A. Aup^McaMn Pour. 
A. eirwum Rejm. 
A. tnonAnmn C. Bauhln. 
Prableduret, ^rabte d Pemilles ^Odier, 

Auart in Dauphin^, Fr. 
SdmeeboU-muriger Ahom, Oer. 

I3b drdn^tum Pursk. f North America 
fig.112., and fig. 127. inp.454. 422 

The moDA-ieaved Maple. 



14. palm^um Thunb. A • 

128. in p. 455. 
Tbe pahnate-feflged Maple. 



Japan fig. 
- 422 



1& erioc&rpum JiicAjT. ¥. N.Amer. pl. 

35, 36. fig. 129. in p. 456. - 423 
The hairy-fhiited, or ufkite, Maple. 
A. daeycarjnan WiUd. 
A. lomenibnan Hort. Par. 
A. /^aueum Manb. 
A. 9 irginidn um Duh. 
A. rnbrum Waffenh. 
Wkile, or $qft, Mapie, U. S. 
5ffr €lmrle» Wager'9 Maple. 
Efrakle a ¥ruiU cotomneux^ Wreibie blane, 

Fr. 
BauMer Akam, Ger. 

16. riibrum L. 5* N. America pl. 37, 38. 
fig. 130. in p. 457. - - 424 

The ni-JUnoermgt or ecarlet, Maple. 
A. Hrginidnum Herm. 
A. eoeeineum Ait. 

Sqfi Mapley Swamp Mapie, Bed Maple. 
Efrahk rouge, Fr. 
BaOier Akom, Ger. 



Fartefiet S 

2 cooclneum t 

3 intermddium *!t 



- 424 



17. monspessul^num L, 1 South Europe 

pl. 39, 40. fig. 131. in p. 458. 427 
The MontpeUer Haple. 
A. triMmm Moench. 
A. trifblium Duh. 
A. trilobiUum Lam. 
Wrable de Montpelier, Fr. 
Firanxoeieeker Akom, Ger. 

18. camp^stre X. S Europe pl. 41,42. 

fig. 132. in 458. - . 428 

The common, or Fleld, Maple. 
S*riMe ckampitre, Fr. 
Kleiner Akom, Feld Akom, Ger. 

Varietieg. ^ 

1 hebec4rpum Dec, ¥ - 428 
The downy.fruited Field Maple. 

A. campittre Wallr. 
A. mmc Opiz. 

2 foliis variegatis ¥ . 428 
The variegated-leaved Field Maple. 

A. Peekdo-Fhitanut. 

3 eoltinum WaUr. S . 428 
The hni-inkabiting Field Maple. 

A. *^Sy»e and A. macrocdrpmm 

4 austriacum Tratt. Areh. S 438 
The Austrian Fleld Maple. 



pl. 43. fig. 
- 430 



19. cr^ticum L, 1* Crete 
132.inp.459. 

The Cretan Maplo. 

A. keteropk0aym WlUd. 
A. temperv^rent L. 
Efrable de Crite, Fr. 
Cretitcker Akom, G«r. 

App. L Doubtful Species of A w. - 430 

A. O^paluB, ^. opuMlftlimn. A. barbdtuni, A. corli- 
ceum, ^. LobdW, if. nigrum, il.Dlatanoldes. A. 
•acchjrinum. ^, hf bridum, A. obtusifbUum. A. 
obtusfttum, A. lob&tum. 

App. ii. Anticipated Speeie* of A^cer. * 431 

A. iMiIcam BUh. V 

A. obtiulftUimi SiMk. «^ 

A. parviftUmn Taiuek. 'U 

A. ctMmmm Oi miii; 

rt mmnnimtAmm 
A. gi4bnim lvrr<y. iU 

A. iBTlgtoun WaU. ^ 

A, acamlnlytiiin WaU. *a 

A. cultriktnm WaU. ^ 

A. cmditiun WaU. « 

A. TUltaum fFair. U 

A. ■tarcoUAoeam Watt.iu 

A. dlai^ctum Tkmm. ^ 

il.Japdnlcum TAim. % 



A. Mptanllobum TImT*» 
A. plctum Tkim. *f\ 
^. tiifldam TAm.^ 
A. tninehtum Bwif*. ^ 

Avv, iii. Half-hardy Speciea of A*cer, 432 

A. pahniltam nm. A ^ 
A. obldkicnm Watt. ^ i_J 



H. NEGITNDO Moench. ^ 

Thb Nboundo. or £o« Elder, 

A^cer L. 
Negiindlum AiV^. 



405.460 



xxxii 



CONTENTS. 



l./raxiniBiium .V«//. 1t North America 

pl. U. 460 

The Ath-leared Nflffundo* 
A^cer Negdnoo L. 
N. tMToldet Hoench. 
Negtindium a$n^eitnum Rafin. 
Tke Ash-leaved Mapte, The black Ath. 
E^rable d Fcttilles de Frhne, Pr. 
E'rable d Giguiires, IlUnoii. 
EtehenbCiUriger Ahom^ Ger. 

Variety I 460 

2crispum G, Don, S - p1. 45. 
Tfae ciirled-fe0O€»l Ath-leaTed Negundo, or 
BoaElder 

App. i. Anticipated Speeiet of 'Segundo.'i 462 

jr. nexlclvnm Dec. Jj^ 
Aitrmittwm Moe. 
? N. frammVbHmm var. Dcc. 

N. cediinchiiMiM» Dee. $ 



App. I. Oiher AcerdeeeB. A 

OoWMa vulgitfli BmmiU. §k 



. 462 



JEsculdce(B Lindl. t ^ - 462 



Cattoncdceir LlnlL. 
Rippocastdnea Dec. 

1. ^SCULUS L. t 

Thb HomsGHBSTNirr. 

Hmpoedstamwm Toum. 
Marronier d^Indet Fr. 
Bottkastanie, CSer. 



- 462 



il. Hippocastanum X. S 

The cDmmo» HorieGhestnut. 



pl. 46, 47. 463 



Hippocdstanum vul^re Toum. 
Marronier d^Jnde^ Fr. 
Gemdne Rosskastanie, Ger. 

Varietiet. I 

3 flore pldno !£ - - 463 

The double-flowered Honechestnnt. 

3 variegata *t - - 463 

The variegated-^vffd Horsechestnut. 

S. (H.) ohioensis J^^. !fc N. Anu 467 

The Obio £sculus, or Horseehestnut. 

3. (H.) mbicunda Lois. $ N. America 

pl. 48. 467 

The reddif li-A><('<^<' iEsculus, or Horsechestnut. 
iG. cdmea Hort. 
lE.. rbsea Hort. 
JE. cocdnea Hort. 
SL.Hippoedstansan var. rvbiamdtun Schu- 

bert. 
WhUley^sJine scarlet. 

4. (H.) glabra Willd. * North America 

fig. 133. 467 
The smootii-leatKd iEficulus, or Horsechestnut. 

5. (H.) p&llida Willd. 1f N. Am. f. 134. 4«8 

The ^o-JUneered faculus, or Horsechestnui. 
QeUtUche Rosskastaniet Ger. 



6. (H.) Lyon» Hort. 5 

Lyon*a iEscuIui. 



468 



App. i. Olher Sorts or Varieties of JE'teuUts. 

468 

WiMey-itknmttaxlti 
M. Mnerictaa 
iB. H. incteum 
wC. H. praVos 
yS. H. tortniuim 
yE. H. n^icram 

IL PAW/^ Bocrh. 1 « 462. 469 

Thb Pavia, or Smooth-ffyuited Horsechestnut 
Tree. 

Pavier, Fr. 

1. rubra lAm. 5 N. Aro. pl.49,50. 469 

Tbe reA-Aowered Pavia. 
Mfsculus Pdtria L. 
JEfseuius P^via var. a rti6ra Hayne. 
P. parvifldra Hort. 
5ma/; Buekeife^ Amer. 
Marronier Pavie, Pavied Fleurt rouges, 

Fr. 
i2olA<; Rosskastanie, Ger. 

VarieHet, 1E 

2 argiiU G. 2?on t fig. 135. 469 
The 9hsn'toothed4eaoed red-/lov- 
erAX Pavia. 
S/sculua PdiAAparvifibra Hort. 

S sublacini^ta JVaU. ¥ - 470 
The Bllghtly cut-texvAf red-jtofpcrerf 
Pavia. 

4 hikmilis A - pl. 51. 470 
The dwarf xeA-JUneered Pavia. 

P. Mmtiu G. Don. 
S/sculus hiimHis Lodd. 

5 hilmilis p6ndu1a If - 470 
The pendulouB-frrimcAaf dwarf 

red-Jlowercd Pavia. 

2. flava 2>rc. ¥ Carolina ^1.52,53. 471 

The ffSiow-Jlowered Pavia. 
JE'scuiusfidva Ait. 
.£. <i^^ wangh. 
P. littea Poir. 

7%r /<irf e Buekeuet Big BuekeyCt Amer. 
7Kr yeuouf Pavia. 

3. dfscolor iStt;/. • N. America - 472 

The two-colouredVKovtfml Pavla. 
X/scutus iOscokfr Ph. 

4. h>brida Dec. t Hybrid - 472 
The hybrid Pavia. 

M^sculus hjfbrida Dec. 

5. negldcta G. Don. % fig. 136. 472 

The neglectcd Pavia. 

JE/sculus neglecta LindL 

6. macroc&rpa Hort. $ pl. 54. 473 

The long-nruited Pavia. 

X^seulus PdvlA macrocArpa Lodd. 
P^tfia macrocdrpa Hort. 

7. macrostachya Loit. • North Amcrica 

fig. 137. 473 

The long-racemed Pavla. 

JEfsculus parv(fldra Walt. 

JE. macrostdchya Mx, 

Pdvia. 63ba Poir. 

Pavia edilis Poit. 

Pdvier d lonn Ppis^ Pavier nain, Fr. 

Langahrige Itosskattanie, Ger. 

App. i. Oiher Varietiet of Pdcia. - 474 

P. serr&ta, P. er^cta, iE^sculus Pkv/a fliiva var. 
Hori. 



CONTENTS. 



XXXlll 



Pa«e 



SapinddcecB. t «i=» «^ 474 
LKOLREUTE^R/ii Laxm.« - 475 

TU KOLBBOTSBIA. 

\ jp. L. fiL 



1. poDlculata I^Avm. S China pL55. 475 
The pmlcled-JlotfrtfrAv KolreuterU. 
^entedi» dthUmi$ L. fll. 
JCjMHattiibldet VHMt. 
S aw M m ier pameuUt Fr. 
Riapemtraiemde Katreuterie, Ger. 

Aim. L Satf-hardv Kgneous Speeies of Sa^ 
piidaceau mUimx^ -476 



t.«LJ 




'MeIidce(B. S 



I. 



Tbe 



S. 

4. 



IVi^ orlndlaa Ulac. 
ftcs. 2 uJ ^ 

. 5 l-J 

o. iiiM. 2 i_J 



Tiw. 



- 476 

fig. 138. 476 

. 476 

- 477 

477 



YitdcetB Lindl. 1±^ - 477 

L PTTIS L. A ICD - 477 

Tn GBAn Vihb. 

Gimd, Celtlc. 
rtf, Span. 
Q|»«,Fr. 
¥Keiih Ger. 

I. vinifera r. JL Persia - fig. 139. 477 

The wina-bearliig Vine. 
Vigme, Fr. 
Gameimer Weimtiock» Ger. 



FarieHea S 
3 idluB incBnis S 



478 
478 



ThehoarT-leaTed Qrape Vine. 

MHleri Orapey or MiUer*$ Black 
Cluster Qrape. 

3 foliis nibeM^ntibus 1 478 
Tlie rabeacent-leaTed Grape Vtne. 

Tke Oaret Grape. 
Temtmrier, Fr., not Glairette, 
Dmham. 

4 apiifolia Hort, 1 fig. 140. 478 
The Farder-leaved Grape Vine. 

Crotal, Fr. 
V. lacimidM L. 

2. Labrisca L. 1 N. Am. fig. 14L 479 

The wiM Vlne, or Fox Grape. 
V. tamrhia Walt. 
Fihiger Weim, Gcr. 



Paff» 

3. lestivails Michx. 1 N. Am. fig. 142. 479 

Th« Sttmmer Vlne, «r Grape Fiiw. 
V. I^AnUM Walt. 
V. vuljiiM WUU. 

4. sinu^ta G". i7on. J N. America - 479 



The ■caUop-leoMrf Vlne, or Smmnar Grapa Vlnt. 
V. maHvldU var. atmuala Ph. 
? V. La&nueMdM Muhl. 

5. cordif51iailficAf . 1 N. Am. f. 143. 480 

The heart-«A4ip«-leaTed Vine, or Clticken Grape. 
V. iitcisa Jacq. 
V. vti(ptea L. 

6. riparia AficA,r- 1 N. Am. f. 144. 480 

The ilTer-side, or iweel-seemted, Vine. 
V. odoratUsinta Donn. 
Figme de Battmret^ Amer. 

7. rotundifblia Michx. 1 N. Am. 480 
The round-leaTed Vine, or BuUet Grape. 

8. caribse^a Dec. l a Jamaica - 480 

The Caribeui Vine. 
V. imdica Sws. 

App. i. Other hardy or half-hardy Species of 

VUia. 1 - 4Si 

V. Willlchi Dec. ± 
V. glabrito Rotk. i O 
V. Indica L. fi. Ag- 1<5- 
V. ctt^da Iforr. 7y<MU. 

IL AMPELCPSIS 3ficAj:. Jl 477.481 

Tbb Ampblopsis. 

\\tit$p. 

Ci$$u$ $p. 

1. cordkta Mickx, S N. America 481 

The cordate.4ea0«d Ampelopsis. 
Ci$$u$ Atnpel&p$i$ Fers. 
\Ui$ imdiviM WiUd. 

2. Aederkcea Michjc, 1 North America 

fig. 146. 482 

The IvT-like Ampelopsis, or Five-leavedlvy. 
^idera quif^ucfi^ L. 
y\ti$ qwnqucfolia Lam. 
CiKWf hecferdcea Fh. 
Ci$$u$ quinqu(^lia Hort. 
VUA hederdcea Willd. 
./f . quimqu^fblia Hoolc. 
Ki>»wr FiWff, Fr. 
Jwtgfirm jfij&n, Wa«fcr Wrtps, Ger. 

3. (H.) birsiita Donn. 1 N. America 482 

The hJdrT^aaecit AmpeleiMlfl. 

Olimit btdtrAaa var. IdrtUa Ph. 

4. bipinnata Jl/icAj:. 1 N.America 482 

The bipinnate-/^a«<»f Ampelopsis. 
V\ti$ arbbrea WUld. 
ClsfM «ofu Fers. 

App. i. Anticipated hardy Speciea of Ampe- 

I6paia. 1 • - 482 

A. btftxyaDw. ^ 
A. b«tcraph)lla Slume. _| 
Vifta JawMoe Sprcog. 

A. casnoUita O. Dtn. A 
^Vttfi caprralMa DrDon. 

in. ci'ssus L. fi. j-i 

Tn CiHvs. 

1. orienlklU Lam. |_ \ | LwWBBt 

8. <|vtaiitla ilir. g_ i_J Cape of Good Hope • 
S. antAretica K«i<. fi_ i_J New Holland 

4. capteris WVtd. §_ ^J CapcofGood Hopc 

5. eltiffinca 1 |_J 

6. qulnqaiClNIa. |_ L-J 

C 



477. 483 

. 483 
■ 483 

flg. 147. 483 

483 

fig. 148. 483 

flg. 149. 483 



XXXIV 



CX)NTENTS. 



GeraniacetB. «- uJ - 483 



I I, I CQCuUianm IL|_J ^* 
«.iJ. ca- 



PctarKdnlam BBnrlaKtAiin 
1M.> macFiothon fL i 

lamiatrtoim, fiicrcifbllum' tt. i I» peltlktum 

aonAlc tt.^ flg. 191., BtetlncUSiHim «.1 L Auialnmii 



ZygophylldcecB. 



Valiintimi mj^ ^ A ■ 
ZTgaphyihimMiriUailQm L. A |_J 
JWwyfAiM L« fll I I 



J 484 

fl(. 153. 484 

flf. IM. 484 

- «S4 



Ktltdc€{B, 



I. /ZITTA i. «. «. lJ BL _j 

Thk Rur. 

JZttr, Fr. 
iSMrff, Ger. 

Kerav^lens Zt.il S.Europe f. 155. 

The heaTy-acentod, or commou, Rue. 
R. kortAuis BfiU. Dict. 
iltic, Fr. 
Oartenraiaey Ger. 

App. i. BaifJuirdjf Speciet of ROfo. 

«. plmi&ta I* «.lJ, Jl.bractriM Om. «. l jl 
tlfMla Fn«. tt.i_j J|g. 146., H. maeraph^lla &rf. fl 
«. monttaa CVw. tL ^, «. dlTaricAu nnor» n 
«. cJnlca Ow. tL l «• alblfltea Hodk. jt. | ^ 

II. APLOPHY'LLUM Andr. Juss, 
^ «•— J - - 484. 

Taa AnarHVu.011, or ««ylo^Mnaf Rm. 

1. nnifoUiun G. Doh. il_j Spain 

iig. 157. 

2. suaveolens G. Don. tL_j Tauna 

lUte «MoMnw Dcc. 

3. firuticulosum G. Don. n. _j Syria 

iUte/r«Me«AM Lab. 



4A4. 

484 
485 



487 



487 

487 
487 
487 



XanUioxyldcece, $ ■ - 487 
I. XANTHO-XYLUM i. I * 487, 488 

Ths SjurrnoxYLUii, or TooUktehe Tree. 
Zantkdxifium of many. 
Kmi^mdnnin, Rqfln. 
ClaoaUert Fr. 
Zaknto^kottt Ger. 

^U /paxineuin Willd. I North America 

^ pl. 6. fig. 158. 488 

The Ash-feMiAf XaBthoxyliun, orCommon TVwM- 

Za$uh&aylum ram(fl&rum Michx. 

;?. CAit^a Uireuli» var. L 

iS. a/w«rt'cA>it0N MUl. 

Z. earibaStm Gcrt. 

Claoaiier & FemfUe* de Prine, Fr. 

E9ckenJ»lattrige$ Zaknwehhoix, Ger. 

^rtefy 5 - - 488 

2 Tirglnicain $ 

X. «fr^iifaMi Lodd. 



3. tiidbpum Miehx. dft N. America 468 

The tlvco-ftiiitad Xantlmnlum, or TaoUimdki TVwr. 
FiHltea frajrtnf/MiaXam. 

3. mite Wmd. J North America - 489 

The ■nooth, or ftomlow, XandMuylum, or IVwftn d b o ri««. 

App. L H<Uf'hard]f Speeiee. 489 
IL PTE^LEA i. I » ? -i - 4«7. 489 

Tbb Ptblka, or Shrubb^ Tr^^fiM. 
Belliicls Adam. 
Orme de Samarie, Fr. 
LederUwme, Oer. 

1. trifoliata L, t N. Amer. pl. 57. 489 

The three-Aa^fktotf-leaTed Ptriea, or Shrubtg 
Tt^iL 

Orme de Bamarie d trois Femine$, Fr. 
Dre^brdttrige Lederbh$me, Ger. 

rarietiee 2 - - 489 

2 pentaphylla MunM. 2 

3 pub^soens Purah. ^ 

App. i. Otker Kpneout Speeiee of Vt^leei^ 
hardy ar half-hardy. m - 490 

P. mflnophjUa £«m. H ? _J 
P. pentimdm Jrocr. A ? _J 
P. ovlita iMir. m ? ^ 

IIL AILANTUS Desf. !^ 487. 490 
Thb Ailanto. 

Vikii» Ehrh. 

Veme du JapoUt Fr* 

Gdttrrftattfit, Ger. 

1. glanduldsa 2)e{/I 'i China 

pl. 58, 59. fig. 159. 490 
The giaDdnlous-ZraMtf Allanto. 
A. nrocira Sal. 
Ehui hifpeeiodAtdron Maencb. 
R. oacoMndron Ehrh. 
R. tinhue EUis. 
Ajflanthe glanduieuxy Fr. 
DrUsiger Gotterbautn, Ger. 



. 492 
- 492 



CoridcetB. * 
L CORIA RIA NisM. m - 

Tbb Cobiabia. 

Bedoui,FT. ' 
Gerberttraucht Ger. 

1. myrtifolia L. A Europe f. 160. 492 
The Myrtle-leaTed Coriaria. 

I^utet de» Corro^eunt Sedoui a FeuHlet 

de ifyrte, Fr. 
Mgfrtenblattriger Gerberttrauch, Ger. 



2. nepal^nsis WaU. A Nepal 

The Nopal Cortatia. 

3. micropbylla Poir. N. Zealand 

The ■mall-IeaTcd Corlaria. 
C. «onRMlbM Pont. 



493 
493 



StaphyledcecR 



' - 493 
L STAPHYLEAX. • - 493 

Tbb Staphylba, or Bladder-nui Tree. 
Staphylodindron Toum. 
SlapkiUer, Fauz Pittachier, Fr. 
Fimpemutt, Ger. 



CONTENT8. 



XXXV 



1. trifblialr. • N. Am. fig. 161, 162. 493 
The tbne-le^nfieted-lBKnd Stapbylca. 

SittpkiMer d Peu$Ue$ tem^, Fr. 
yirgmiedke Phnpermu^ Ger. 

2. pumata L. * Europe - fig. 163. 494 

Tlke j^ianaJtaA-leatfed SCaphylea. 

St^t km lodindrtmmnndium Ray. 
Stag^lulier a Penmea taUes^ Fr. 
6«MK^ PimpemmsSt Ger. 

App. L AmHeipaUd Speeie$ of SkifkyleeL, 

« ? ^ - 495 

a.lianAiaDK.a?_J 
S.^nmmtM^R.ttP.^7 J 



CekutrdcecB Dec. S * .^k - 495 

495. 496 
Tn BcoNTM UB, or SpAMlfe TW^ . 

AcMim, iftNNMf ffe Pritret Boi$ 4 
lAord/otrey Fr. 

I, Ger. 



1. eurone^js Z. !^ E. pL 60. f. 164. 496 

The Eiiropean Enonymua, or &9im4le Tree. 
E. ra^riflim. 
Pridt-Umker, Gerard. 
Ijofue Berrvy Dogmodt Gatteridge Tree. 
AttOB» d^Ewopet Bomtet de Pntre eom- 

flMm.Fr. 
Oemeime 9pindeWomn, Ger. 

FarJefief tm " - 496 

2 loUis ▼ariegatis Lodd, S 
S UtiloUiis Lodd, S 

4 ninus Lodd, m 

5 friictu £lbo Lodd. ± 

2. verrucosus 5(wp. * Europe f. 165. 498 

Tbe waxteA^rked EuoDymug, or Spi$kUe Tree. 
B. emopa^ leprbnu L. fll. 
FmMoim gedeux, ou verruqueux, Fr. 
Warxiger Spindeibaumt Ger. 

3. latifoUas C .5^«^. 1 Europe 

pl. 61. fig. 661.496 
The broad-leaTed Euoaymus, or Spindle Tree. 
E. emop^us nar. 2. L. 
Pusaim i, larges PeuiUeSy Fr. 
BreHb&ttriger Spindelbaum, Ger. 

4. nanus Bieb. m Caucasus - 499 

The dwarf EuonTma», or Spindle Tree. 

5. atropurpureus Jttcq. * North America 

fig. 167.499 
The dark-porple->foi0«rMl Euonymua. 
E. caroliHiAuis yianh. 
E. ia^fiaius Marah. 

6. americanos L, m North America 

fig. 168. 169. 499 
The Amcricaa Buonymu», or Spindle Tree. 
E. sewpervWeus Marah. 
E. aliemifMius Momch. 
Tke Burmng Bush^ Amer. 

7. nrmentosus Nutt. ^ N. America 500 

Tbm |tliiiii)f ^«wii M rf BDaBjrmuB» «r SfindU Tnt. 
B. JddMlnw Hort. 
E. amtricamn var. tmrmeaidtm Dec. 

8. obovatus Nuti, tff N. America - 500 

The 6boratje-ieaped Euonymufl, or Spindle Tree. 

9. angiistifbiius Pk. * N. America 500 
Tfae Barroir-leavcd Euonymufl, or Spindle Trce. 



10. Hamiltontanf» Wall. $ Nepal 

Uton*fl Euonymufl, or 
E. atropurpkreus W, 



Hamilton'fl Euonymufl, orSpindle free. 



II. garcini<s/o/ttw Roxb. £ 

Thc Gweinla.lcsT«d Baanymui. 
B. Uetnu Ham. 



12. ffrandiflorus WaU, 



nan 

Tbmlm 



lB§B4lowtnd Baonjmiu. 



Nepal - 
Nepal 



.500 



501 
501 



App. L Half-hardjf Speciea of^u^nymua. 501 

E. fMHas VroB. S 

M. mlcnfnthttt O. Apa A 

iS- Uuddni Du Om A 

JV. Jspdnicw TAimA. If 

B. cchlnAtos WaU. X 

S. Utag«na 19^00. ^ 

«.glibcrita^ jff 

S. flmtelAtiu WaU. ^ 

B.*Bdic9»megmA 

B. vigins ITcU. _| 

'. ■abtrlfltens SfMiie ^ 

i9. Thwibcssitaw Blnmc A 

B. p^idttlu Waa. ^ 

«.ft%iihMir«a. $ 

IL CELA^STRUS L,jl± - 502 

Tbb Stapp Tbkb. 

EuonifmSides Moench. 
CSlaslre, Fr. 
Celastert Ger. 

1. scandens Z^ J N. America f. 171. 502 

The cUmUng Staff Tree. 

Bourreaudes Arbres, Fr. 
iXaHffMn^der, Ger. 

2. buUatus X. 1 Virginia - - 502 
The fltudded-co/»nil«f Staff Tree. 

App. L Half-hardy Spedes of Cdd&trua. 503 



i 



IIL NEMOPA'NTHES Rajin. 

ThB NBMOi>ANTHBS. 

BiciSUes Dnm. Courfl. 



503 



1. canad^nsis Dec. A Canada f. 172.503 

The Canadian Kemopanthefl. 
Plea canadinsu Mx. 
N. fasdculdris Ralfai. 
ri» delicdtula Bart. 
FrliM» /i^citfia Alt. 
Jibfur du Canadet Fr. 



IV. ilf:4^rr^JVC/-Sf FeuilL 

Thb Mattbnus. 

SenddaLam. 
Celdstrus WlUd. 



- 503 



1. chil^nsis Dec. A ChUi L 173. 503 

The Chili Maytenufl. 

Smilcia Milytenufl Lam. 
Celdstrus Miytenus WiUd. 

V. CASSPNE L. m 

Thb Casbinb. 
1. Maurocenia L. * Kthiopia 

MMiraccnl't Caxshie. 

Tkt BaUmtal Chtrry. 
Mmurocini^firamgmUna MJll. 



- 503 

- 501 



2. cap^nsis L.tk Cape of Good Hope 174. 504 



Thc Cape C«»unc. 

Capc Pkiltgrea. 

C. ncA\uL WaU., dlaoolor WaU , Cotpodn Thunb. 

c 2 



M)4 



XXXVl 



CONTENTS. 



VI. UAnVOGIA Dec. • - 

Thb Hartogia. 

Sehriben T^ttn. 
JELtodAuiron Spreng. 

1. cap^nsis L. m C. of Good Hope 

The Ciipe Hartogia. 

ScArOkera, BckmSidei Thun. 
EUeotUndroH ^dUnoide» Spreng. 



Page 
504 



504 



AquifolidcecB Dec. 



I. MYGINDyl Jacq. 

Thb Myoinda. 

t-iex Purih. 



- 505 



]. mvrtifblia Nutt, m N. Amer. 175. 505 

The Myrtle-leaved Hygiiida. * 
Ptex Aqn(fdliumVnnh.' 

II. JTLEX L. ' - - 505 

TUB HOLLY. 

Aqu^/vlmm Toum. ± 

Houx, Fr. 

HeiUet Stechpalme, Ger. 

1. i^quifoliiim L. 1 Eur. pl.62, 63. 505 
The prlckly-Ieaved HoUt. 

Hulver, Hu^fere, Hohney Eng. 

Stechpahne, Stecheiche^ Stechbaum, Stech- 
laub^Httbe, Hidsenbaum^ HuUenstrauch, 
HuUt, Hulchs, Holtt, HahKe, HuUgcnott, 
Myrtendom, Christdom, Mausdom, 
Zwieseldanh lOeexebusch, Steehapsel, 
Stechwinde, WaidisUl, Ger. 

Stikpalme, Maretom, Christom, Shoutisdel, 
Dan. 

Jemeh, CSkrisiiomt Swed. 

Le Hous, lejrond Housso»,r Agron gratsA 
Pardon, Sois Franc, Fr. 

Agrifotio, AUoro minoso, Ital.] 

Aeebo, AgrifoUo, span* 

Axevifiho, AgrifoUo, AcrifoUo, Agif^fiMo, 
Port. 

Wa^fbscheld, Ostrokqf, Padub, Ruu. 

Schubbig hardkelk, Dutch. 

FarUttes - - 506 

2 heterophyllum Hort. f 

3 angustifdlium Hort. f 

4 latifolium Hort, f. 

5 altacler^nse Hort* f. 

6 marginatum Hort. 2 f. 1 76. 

7 ftmrifolium Hort. t «f. 177. 

8 ciliiitum HorL 1 f. 179. 

9 ciliitum mlnus Hort.i 
lOreciirYum Hort. f. f. 181. 

1 1 serratifolium Hort. 1 f. 18S. 

12 crlspum Hort. f 

IS (eTOn Hort. f f. 180. 

1 4 crassifolium Hort. f f. 1 78. 

15 sen&cens Sweet f 

16 ilbo-marginAtum Hort f 

17 aiireo-marginAtumiJorf. f 

18 mbo-plctum Hort. f 

1 9 aureo-pictum Hort. f 
520 ferox arg6nteum Hort. f 

21 ferox aureum Horl. f 

22 fr^ctu liitco Hort. f 

23 friicto albo Hort. f 



2. baleirica Desf. f Minorca f. 183.516 

The Minorca HoUy. 

I. Aqwifhlium var. 3 Lam. 

3. opaca Ait, N. Amer. pl. 64, 65. 516 

The opaque-lfovAf HoUy. 

Agrifblium vuigare Clayt. 
I. AquifbliumsjToa. 
T%e Ameriean HoU^. 

Varieties - - 517 

2 miicrodon. 
S latifolia. 

4 acuminata. 

5 globosa. 

4. laxiflora Lam. m Carolina - - 517 

Tlw ioaw-AoweRd Holly 

I. AfaifbKmmbdeeUJIivU. 

5. Cassine AiUm Carolina - 517 
The Casglne-/rit<r HoUy. 

Aquifblium carolinime Cat. 
I. earoUidana MiU. 
I. cassinottlef Link. 
I. Dahoon WaU. 
Cassena, Amer. Indian». 
Dahoon Holfy. 

Vdriety - -517 

2 angustifolia f f. 184. 

6. angustifolia Willd. m N. Amer. f. 185. 

517 

The narrow-leared HoUy. 
I. myrtifbUa Walt. 
I. rosmarinifdUa Lam. 

yariety - . 518 

2 rigustrifolia Pursh f f. 1 86. 

7. vomitoria Ait. f N. Am. f. 186. 518 
The Emetic HoUy. 

I. Caulne vh-a Walt. 
I. ligustrina Jaoq. 
CaMtne Per&gua Mitt. 
I. Castdna Mtchx. 
I. reUgidsa Bart. 
l.flondAna Lam. 
Hout apalaehine, Fr. 
Trut Cassene, Cassene, Florldan. 
The Yapon, Virglnlan. 
The evergreen Cassena^ Cassioberry-bush, 
South Sea Tea, Eng. 

8. canariensis Poir. f Canaries - 519 

The Canary HoHy. 

9. Daho6n Wall. m Carolina - 519 

The Dahoon HoIIy. 

I. CasBlne WHUl. 



Variety 
2 /aurifbUa NuU. 



' 519 



App. i. Speciesof Vlex not yet iniroduccd. 519 

/.odorkUir«M.»caneifblia L,, C. banwifogbjflguiiiif^UB c. dm 
(AiiffQidfblla Nutt.}, nepal^ittis Sprtmg. 

App. ii. Halffiardy Species of tlex. 519 

I. dlpnftna WaU., escAn WaU., Mrrkta JCmlr. PtrHda Aiu (roa. 
drrtittU Lom., and fin. 187-), chin^nda Skn» (f. 1S8.). hatt- 
rophjlla G. Dom, macroph^lU, eOihtica B. B. tt Kmmtk, 
■copoldram H. B. tt Kunth, nipfoola H. B. d Ktmtk, PmUMa 
Vmn., emaiKiniiU Tkmmb., creDku, Thunb., mnku Tkmmk., 
ladfbUa ThunK, MTricOide* r*tm&., axiAttea L., intcfcra 
nunb., ronincla TktmA., tameUiiklc» H. B. tt KuiUk. n«nkma> 
rl^nals (f. 189.). P««««» 



III. raPNOS L. Am 

The Wintbr Bbbry. 
Agiria Adans. 
Apaianche, Fr. 
ninterbeerc, Ger. 



- 520 



^ 



CONTENTS. 



XXXVll 



Paffe 

§ i. Fruuide» Dec A . - 520 

1. deciduus Dec. A N. America - 520 

The deddiuMJt Winter Berry. 
riex j^rmoida Ait. 
riex deeUma Walt. 

rarieiy - . 521 

S sestivalis Dee, 

riex oMtivMB Lam. 

2. arobigaus Michje, m N. Am. f. 190. 521 

Tbe amUguoiu Winter Berry. 
Cattlne caroUitiiUta Walt. 

§ ii. Ageria Dee. ft - 521 

3. ▼erticillsitas L. a N. Amer. f. 191. 522 

The wfaorled Wlnter BenrT. 
P. padi/bUus Willd. 
F. Oromdva Michx. 
P. eottfirhu Mflench. 
P. prtm(fbiius Lodd. 

4. dilkbius G. Don. • N. America - 521 

The dubkMU Winter Berry. 
P. amMgum Fursh. 

5. Levigatus Pwnh. m . f. 191. 522 
The onooth-lnRwrf Wlnter Berry. 

6. bmceolatus Pursh. m N. Amer. 522 
The lanoeolste-leoMd Winter Berry. 

$ iii. WintMia Moench. m . 522 

7. elaber L. m North America - 522 

The glabroos Winter Berry. 

8. atomarins Nwtt. m N. America - 522 

Thc Kamfca arf wn Wintar 6017. 

9. eoriaceus AcrcA. • N. America 523 



523 



nriDlCT jScill. 

P.giaArrWata. 



App. i> Oiher Species of Trinos. 

VaU, madm VM. 



BJutmnacem Lindl. '!tmm^jk.i 523 

I. ZrZYPHUS Taum. m . 524 

JilM*»'* Fr. 
Judendomt Ger. 

1. Yulgjkris Lam. 1t Syria - f. 193. 524 

The oommon JiUube. 

BMdmnus Zixjfphus L. 
Z. sathra Desl. 
Z. JiUubii MilL 
JtlfMdier cuUM, Fr. 
Brustbeeren^ Ger. 
G/aeif^ Ital. 



2. sio^sis Lam. m China . 



'. spina-Christs Lam. S Africa 

Chitat% Thom Jaiabe. 

nt^iiiiri rahM-OkriiA L. 

R. Nab^a JFVrait. 

Z. df/ieina MUl. 

Z.Nap^J:M. 

NAcsit/p. 

Obi^lM «pfflftM Bnih. 

"" ^" , JudemdMTtf G«. 



525 



526 



Variety - 
2 incrmis 2>ec. 



- 526 



4. inciirva Roxh. ^ Nepal - 

The incurved-spiiHrd Ji^ube. 
Z. panictUHta Hamilt. 

5. flexuosa Wall. m Nepal 

The fiexible J^fube. 



Pm« 
- 526 



. 526 



App. i. Half-hardy Speeies of Zizyphu» 526 

Z. Lbtaa Lam. (lUkdmnus Ijbtus L.) fig. 194. 

Z. nitida Roxb., pandfbUal^f/., mucronilta»Yttf.,gU- 

bra Roxb.y GSn6plia MiU.^ tomentbia Roxb. 
Z. ^lbens Boxb.^ aJKr^stia ScA«fA.,M>ponferua SckuU.t 
10 Lamb. (i2h&mnus Jitjuba L.) 



capfinsis, Jhjuba 

II. PALIITRUS L. m 

CHBirr*s Thosn. 

PaUurCt Porte-ch€^aUt Fr. 

1. aculel^tus Lam, m Asia 



- 528 



pl. 66, 67. fig. 195. 527 



The prickly ChrisVs Thom. 
F. pitasus Dum. 
F. austrdUs Gaertn. 
F. vulgdris D. Don. 
IUd»m«» TaUiHrus L. 
Zizyphus FaUUrus WiUd. 
ChrtsVs I^om^ or Lamb t^Libya, Gerard. 
^'pine de Christ, Argalon, Porte-chapeau, 

GifiUgeUer Judendom, Ger. 

IIL BERCHE^M/il Neck. j . 528 

TBB BBBCRBinA. 

(EndpUa Hedw. 

L volubilis Dec. J N. Am. f. 196. 528 
The twining Berchemia. 

RhdmnMiS voUkbiUs L. 
Ztxyphus voBtbiUs WiUd. 
(EnSpUa voUtbiUs Schult. 
Supple Jachy Virginian. 



B. 



App. i. Othw Species ofBerchemia. 529 

.Zlxjphw flaT^MCBS IFalf.) J9. lineAu 
"^*.!» L. B. LooxvirMaa Deo. (iUainmva 



Dee. (JUitoiniu 
'hitttTM Lam.) 



IV. i?HA'MNUS Lam. <¥ « * j* 529 
Trb Buckthobn. 

The Ram, or Hares, Thome, Gerard. 

BoxThom. 

Nerpruny Fr. 

W^dom^ Ger. 

§ i. MarcorSaa Neck. 529 

1. ^lat^mus Ir. • S. Europe f. 197. 529 

The Alatemus. 

AUUimus Vhiilgrea MiU. 

Varieties - . 530 

2 bale^rica JETorf. Par. li 

3 hispdnica Hort. Par^ m 

4 foliiB maculatis m 

5 foliis aiireis m 

6 foliis arg^nteis m 

7 angustifolia ii 

R. CHlsU WiUd. 

2. hybridus UHerit. m Hybrid 531 
The hybrid Alaterous. 

R. burgundiacus Hort. Far. . 
R. sempervlrens Hortulan. 

3. longlfolius Link. m . . -531 

Thc loiv{-k«Tcd Bnckthom. 

R. WUldnmiimv» Mm. et SchuH. 



XXXVUl 



CONTENTS. 



4. cath&rticus L, 1t Europe* 

pl. 68. fig. 198. 531 
The purging Buckthorn. 

Tke White Tkom of the modem Greeks. 

rariety - - 531 

2 hydriensis Jbc. !t 

5. ▼irgAtus Roxb. A Himalaya . - 532 

The twJuj Backthani. 
R. caflMr«cw Uamilt. 

6. tinctdrius Waldit. m Hung. f. 199. 532 

Thc Dyer'« Buckthom. 

R. cardio$pirmM9 Willd. 

7. infectdrius L. m S. Europe f. 200. 533 

The •talnbig Biickthora. 
BJkdmuMS l^cium Scop. 
Dwat/, or yeUowberHeA, Bmektkom: 
AvtgmmBirfy. 
des Teii 



Nerprtm det feinturiert, Graime d^Avi- 

gnon^ NerpruH teignant^ Fr. 
Parhender Wegiom, Ger. 



8. saxatihs L. jk S.Europe f. 201. 533 

The Stone Buekthora. 
R. longipaimt MiU. 
SteinWegdom,Gm, 

9. oleoldes L. a Sicily - fig. 202. 534 

Th« OUT».Uke Bnekibcta. ^ 

&.oM/M<MHort. 

10. &uxtfolius Pbir. a Africa f. 203. 534 

Th« Boz-lMvad Bnckthapn. 

11. pub^cens Poir. A Lerant - 534 

The pubetcent Buckthora. 
R. oleSUiet Lam. 

12. /ycioides L. ft Spain - - 534 
The Lyclum-Iike Buckthora. 

Variety - - 534 

2 arragon^nsis Aa90. 

13. Erythroxylon Pall. A Siberia 

fig.204. 534 
The red-wooded BudUhora. 

Variety . . 295 

2. angustissimum m fig. 205. 
R. lycioidei PaU. 

14. rup^ris VUL jk France 55$ 

Thc Rock Borkthon. 

K. pnmdLu e wnpMrt* Dco, 

15. valentinus ffilld. Jt Spain - 5S3 

The ValoMla Bucktban. 
R. piamlua C»v. 
R. fimiiut var. volaiUimiu Bec 

16. Wulfen» Spreng. «. Austria 535 

WulfeQ'B Buckthora. 
R. pHmilu* Wuir. 
m. pkmilu* var. WA^eniDec. 

17. puslUus 7Vw. Jk Naples - 535 

The small Buckthora. 

R. pUmihu 9ar. neapoiadnmt Dec. 

18. dahuricus PaU. a Dahuria - 535 
The pahttrian Buckthora. 

19. alnifolius i/'KmV. dk NorthAmerica 

fig. 206. 536 
The Alder-leaved Buckthora. 



Pagc 

20. franguloldes Miehx. m North Amerlca 

fig. 207. 536 

Th« Pmi^U-likc Bockthom. 

R. •inWbUiu aar. frmgumiht Dac. 

21. pil^milus L. ^ South Europe 

pl. 69. fig. 208. 536 
The Alpine Buckthora. 

22. pikmilus L. Jt Austria - 536 

Tbe di raxf Bttck thoni. 
K. fvpHfnf Boop- 

§ ii Frdngula Toum. $ ^ 537 

23. carolinianus WaU. m Carolina 537 

The GaroUna Buckthora. 

24. Frdngula L. ¥ Europe 

pl. 70. fig. 209. 539 
The breaking Biicktbora. 
Berrv-oei 



Berry-hearing Alder. 

Nerprtm Botargine^ Atene noiry Fr. 

Glatter Wegdom, Ger. 



Varieiy 
2 angustifolia HorL ¥ 



- 537 



25. latifolius Ir^^m^. 1 Azores 

pl. 71. fig. 210. 538 
Tbe broad-leaTed Buckthora. 

App. i. HJardy Spedes of RAamntw mot yet 

introdueed. - . 538 

R. omygdiUnat Detf. 

B. peniciibUus Morit. 

R. prunifbUua Smiik. 

R. StbthoiptiMM Schult. (A. pOmUoa filM.) 

R. PurthidMW Dec. {R. obifdUus Purtk) f. 211. 

R. sangufneui Pert. 

R. minutifl6ruf Purth. 

R. cuviDlSbhvu PalL f. S12. 

App. ii. Half-hardy Species. - - 538 

R. integrifdUus Dec. (R. corUceus Neet.) 

R. prinbldes VHirit. (Ziayphus lilcidua Mmtdk.) 

R. eeltidifbUua Tktmb. 

R. crenul^tua Ait. 

R. aerrulitus H. B. et Kumth. 

R. microphf Uua WiUd. 

R. umbeudtua (Ua. 

R. tenuifbUua Moe. 

V. CEANO^THUS L. m m . 539 

Ths Csamothub, or Red Rooi. 
tUkdmnut L. 
Cianothe, ¥r. 
Sakebbattmt Ger. 

1. azilreus Detf. m Mexico f. 213. 539 

The BXure-JtotDcred Red Root. 
C. ciriUeut Lag. 
C. bkolor WUld. 

2. americanus L. m N.Amer. 214.539 

The Amerlcan Red Root, or Nctp Jertey Tea. 

3. tardiflorus Hom. N. America 540 
The late-flowering Red Root 

4. ovatus Detf. m N. America - 540 

The OTate-lrav0d Red Root. 

5. intermedius Pursh. m N. America 540 

Thc iDleniMdiate Rod Root. 

6. sanguineus Pursh. & N. America 540 

Tbe blooAy^muidkd Rad Root. 



CONTENT». 



XXXIX 



7. microphyUus AfieAx. m. N. America 540 

-iMiTcd Bad Root. 
C. iMrnirtlihi L-HMt. 



c 
c 
c: 



App. L OfAcTiSjseciM qf CeondMM. 540 



Bm*. fig.tl6. 
JSTMlr. 



App. I. Half-hardy RAainiMzcetf. 541 

•dUklTflir. 

Omp^ flc.S16. 




CMMa lUMnilla Kcnr. 




_ i.| Soknfaitlui 6. Dam, Tri> 
, Ar«u«.« Af Ika J^Soal4iif(ia BnmRn., GouJknia 
Mn ^WaC.* oUmia lliunb. 
L. flg. SI9. 



JSnmikcesB 22. Br, 



543 



HomalindcecB Lindl. 
I. ^RISTOTE L/i< L'Hdrit. m 

ThB AUtTOTBLU. 



54^ 



1. ^armd L'H^t. «I Chili pl. 72. 543 
~1ieMac( 



The Mocqal AriitoteUa. 

A. glandmaM B. et P. 
A. Mdfui Dcc. 

Varietg 
2 foliis ▼sriegitis 

IL AZA^IU R. et P. m 

Tbs Asasa. 



- 543 



544 



1. dentata R.eiP.m Chili f. 220. 544 

Tbe Xoo/A-leaved Asara. 

integrifplia R. et P. a Chili - 544 
The entire-IeeTed Asara. 

%pp. I. Other Speeie» of Homalinacea. 544 

aAm&Ua nepal^iuis Dee. 
trintfaus cocnlnchlnfosii Lour. 
mia thfnAObn D. Dom. 
nibUlbra D. Don. 



PaRe 

Anacardidce(B Liqdl. * t • » Ji ,* 545 

L PISTA CIA L. !t t - 545 

Thb Pmtacia TasB. 

TereMnikui Juss. 
Pietachier, Fr. 
Pitiaeiet Ger. 
Pistacekio^ Ital. 

L vera L. t 8>Tia - fig. 22L 545 
The troe PUtacia Nut Tree. 

P. qffldndrum Hort. Kew. 

Varieties - - 545 

2 trifdlia £. $ 

3 narboneiisis Boce. ± 

P. reHeuldta WlUd. 

2. T^crebfnthus £. f 8. Europe 546 

The Turpentine Pistada. 
T. 9ulgdris Toum. 
P. vira MiU. 

Fenetianj or CMian^ TtarpenHne Tree. 
Pittachier TMbintke, Fr. 
TerpenHn PUtade^ Ger. 
TereMnto, Ital. 

Varieiy - - 546 

8 sphaeroclrpa 2>ec. *± 

3. l^entlscus L. 1 Levant - 547 

The Mastich Tree. 

Varieiie» - - 547 

2 aogustifdlia i>ec. 1 

P. mauOiinsis Mill. 

3 chU iV. Dtt ^om. f 

P. chia Deif. 

4. atl&ntica Det/. $ Africa - 548 

The Mouni Altas Mastlch, or Turpenhne Tree. 



n. i2HU\S Zr. -B » 1 w» 

Thb Sumach. 

§ i. C6Huu» Tourn. 



548 



648 



L C6tinu8 L. m 8. Europe f. 223. 549 
The Cotinus Rhus. 

Qdiiuut Coggpgria Scop. 

C&Hnus coruieea Duh. 

Venus Sumaek, Vemcc Sumaek, WHd Olive. 

Sumack Fustet, Arbre aux Piruques, 

Fr. 
PerUcken Sutnackt Ger. 
ScoHnOt Ital. 

§ ii. SHmaeh Dec. $ £ 1 Wft 550 
2. typhina L. S N. America - 550 

The Ferer Rhus. 

R. virginidna Banh . 

Virginian Sumack^ Stag*s Hom Stumack. 



Varietie» 

2 arbor^scens WtUd. S 

3 frut^ens ft 



550 



3. viridifldra Potr. $ N. America 551 

The green-flowered Snmach. 
K. canadinse Mill. 



xl 



CONTENTS. 



Pflfre 

4. glkbra L, a N. Aroerica f. 225. 551 

Tfae gUbrouB Sumach. 

VarieHes - - 551 

1 hermaphrodita dh 

R. glabra WlUd.' 

2 diolca Lam, * 

3 ooocinea * 

R. caro/teOiram MiU. 
R. Hegmu Ait. 

5. pumila ilitcAj^. A N. America 552 

The dwarf Sumach. 

6. vernicffera i>ec. ^ Japan - 552 

The VarniBh-yieldhig Somach. 

SitZt Urus^ Japanese. ' 

R. 9imUs L. 

R. \uglandifbUum WaU. 

7. venenata i><?r. A N. Am. f. 226. 552 

The poifonoua Sumach. 
R. vimix L. 

ToxicodindronpinniUum MiU. 
Poiaon Sumach^ Swamp Sumack^ Poi9on 
Eldcr. 

8. Conkn&L.A SouthEurope 

fig. 227, 228. 553 
Tbe hlde-taDning Sumach, or Elm-leaved Su- 
mack, 

9. copallina L. * N. Amer. f. 229. 554 






The Gum Copal Rhui, or Mastich-tree- 
leaved Sumach, 



Variety 
2 leudmtha Jcte. 



554 



10. radicans L, l^ North America 

fig. 230. 555 
The rooting-drancAAl Sumach. 

R. Tosioodindron var. n liCichx. 
R. Toxicodindron var. /3 Torrey. 

Varieiies. 

1 vulgiiris -I - • 555 

R. TotieodSndron vulgdre Punh. 
Toxioodindron vu^&ret and T. eo- 
mbile MUl. 

2 Toliibilis JL - 555 

Toxieodindron voSMIe MUl. 
S microc&rpa ± * 555 

R. Toxicodindr<mmicroc&rpon Ph. 

1 1. Toxicodendron L, ^X N. America 

fig.231.556 

The Foi<on-tree Sumach. 

R. Toxicodindron quercifUium Mlchx. 

Toxicodindron pubiKem MUl. 

R. T. serrdtum MIU. 

Po^^ Oait, Poiton Nutt Poison Vine. 



§ iil. Thezha Dec. A 

12. penUphylla Desf. A Sicfly 

The fiT«-le«Ted Sumacb. 

RAdimHW fentaphyUmi Jac 
H. rAca^ Fen. 

13. «izyphina Aii. a Sicily 

The ZizTphwlike Bumach. 

KA4tniiM« triparhta Ucria. 



- 556 
556 

551 



$ iv. Lobddium Dec. A 
14. suaTeolens Aii. ^ CaroUna - 

The •«eet-ioented Sttmiwb. 

il 
MUl. 



Paffe 
557 

557 



HyHoa (r^AIUta Hortul. 
<eHblMnMi er« 



Toxle 



15. arom&tica ^t^. * N. America 
The aromatic Sumach. 



557 
App. L Oiher Speeies of Rhiu. - 557 



a. lobkta Foofc. 
JK. acumiii^ta Dtt. 

R. AmUa D. Dm. (X. Btidtm-Amita H. B.) 
a. behaintfMl» O. itan. 
a. Oicyectotha H. B. 
a. eijacaBthOidei H. B. 
R. iMc0 O. Don. 
a. hcMniiihJUa 



III. DVYAVA Kunth. fokm - 558 

Thb Dutaua. 

. Scklnus Andr. 
Aiwyri» Cay. " 

1. dep^ndens Dec f. ChUi 6g. 232. 559 

71m dnoptag-AroMhed Duvaua. 
AMjirrb poftomM Cav. 
BeUmaude^idauOn. 
DKOBila 4bpMm« a Hook. 



2. ovita Xtmi?. tt Chili 
The ovaie^aawd DuTaiia. 

3. latifolia GilL « ChiU 

Tha faroad-leated Dnvana. 
D.dc|>«HiaMrHook. 



4. dentata 2>ee. 



Chili 



559 
- iig. 243. 559 

559 



The toodied-JMM< DuTaua. 
ScMmm dailata Andr. 



App. i. 0<A«- ^pcciM ofDuvauA. 560 
App. I. 0«A«r i?jpecie« of Anacardicicet^ 560 

Sdbia panrifldn VToa. 
& campBnulitt IKotf. 

5chlnut JAittt L. A BraaU fig. 884. 

5. M.tAnira L., S. BvjfKm BIol., and & vtoskta M. 

TilceRM oochlncbln^neit. 

Hettsoddndion oleafbUum Dttf. 

S^kiiUaittm nMtthulktum Detf". 

Cneikmm trlcdocnm L- 

C. pulveruldatiim. 



BurserscesB Kunth. - 56 1 



Baleamoddndrtn eilead^nae 

AiMgrr<« gUfdAuU L. 
Canlurinm Pfin^la KSidg. 
Fanaitmm O. Ekm. 



AmyridacecB Lindl. 



^m}ria tosfCnra B^. 
A. battmntf^m L. 
if.flocldtaaWiA. 



flg. tSS. 561 

Ml 
S61 



561 

561 
561 



Leguminacece» AAjttt.iwft* 561 

Sect. I. SoPHO^REX. $ • -• 563 

I. SOPHORA R. Br. $ - 562. 563 
Thb Sophoka. 



1 



CONTENTS. 



xli 



1. np6nica L, J«pan pl. 73, 74. 

The JvMm Sophora. 
SrJHf 



Rot. 

Varietie» 

2 ▼oripgata Hort. 

3 pendula Hort. 1 pl. 75. 



Paiie 

563 



- 563 



II. VIRGrLI^ L. ± 

ThB VWOILIA. 



- 565 



1. lutea AGchx. 2 N. Amer. pl. 76. 565 

The jfSkm-WB09ded Virgllia, or YeUow Wood. 

UL PIPTA'NTHUS ^iff/. • - 566 

THB FlPTANTBUtf. 

Tkermij^ D. Don. 
Anagwns Wall. 
St^»iuia Hodk. 

1. nepal^nsifi Swt, m Nepal 837, 238. 566 

The Nepal PiptanUms. 

f%ermapti* laburni/dUa D. Don. 
AiMU#rw ^uttca WaU. 
BapSna nepaihui* Hook. 

App. L Hatf-hardif ^ecmt o/Sophdreae. 567 

a 



2. nilina Forgt, 



ph» 



The dwarf Furse. 

U. mlfior Roth. 
U. euroftafu* /3 Lin 

3. provincialis Lfns, m 
The Provence Furze. 



Britain 

fig. 264, 265. 575 



i 



France - 575 



4. strlcta Mackay. m Ireland - 575 

The upright-^o«rnv Ftirze* 
U. Atfr^rsAra DoD. 
U./wl^to Hort. 



r. (Jl.occU«ttAUf lAmO.) 

IbniiayMra macroc<Ti« SmCfil), f. «59. 

i Stf . (S^Ar« mieraahyiU i<«.) f. S41. 
B. wyifa ffcfll» Wamd. (B. minfana i:>(M(i. CW.) 




'ftat 



Jl. Ar. (GompholMiBm maeatttiun M. 

Jt. Bt. ( Sapi to r » aoleca IM. Jbp.) f. M8. 
H«K]>iii<mi«HrBr.f.Si3. 
tiflalitam JK. Br. f. tM, M5. 
JI.Br.f:S46. 



V. STAURACA'NTHUS Lmh. 

Thb STAUBACA'NTHD8. 

U^fc* Brot. 
Leqfieu Purxe. 

1. aphyllus XinX:. * Spain 

The leafleu Stauracanthus. 
V^lea genMiides Brot. 
U. tiAti* Hort. 

VL 5fPA'RTIUM Dec. m 

Thb Spanisb Broom. 
Spartidutku*lAak. 



576 



- 576 



- 576 



spart 

GeuUta Lam. 

Genetd^Ea 

Bin*enartige 'ffiriemen^ Ger. 



ispagne, Fr. 
ligeFM 




UtliMinm Jl. Br. t. 847. 
im ■mttfUMum «mMk. 
fUBr. 

JLBr. 

«HMBI. b W. 

9mitk.f.9pUt5it. 






l.^'dnceiimX. * South Europe - 575 

The Ru8h-llke Spanish Broom. 
GenUta iuncea, Lam. 
G. odordia Mcench. 
Spartidnthu* ^unceu* McBDcfa. 

Variety - - 576 

flore pleno m 



O.Dam.t.ta. 

_ ClfiS, 8M. 

t «mdfMia a. Ar. £ SM. 
Hmt. 

nvm onlcrapMUai «. ^r. 

e^tnlMiam bflobWB Ktr. 
Endulw ebcoKdkma Jl. Brk C tS8. S57. 
rrtMwr I itftem JM. Jf«B. f. Sfiflu 
ItanCdb tetlMlm JC. Br. fTtSI. 

■ f-SCO. 



VIL GfENFSTA Lam. 



Thb Gbnista. 



Jt W» 



- 577 



GenUtavxd. 8pdrtium,*pec., L. 
" '■, F». 



GaOty 
Gtneter^ Ger. 

1. parviflora Dec. • Levant 



Tl 



Sect. IL lAnEj^ 
'i m mMM. 



- 571 



1 WR 



IV. i;^LEXIr. 

Tbb Fdbsb. 

feetuaame^ Ger. 



- 571 



he small-flowered Genlsta. 

Spdrtiumpar»(florum Veat. 

2. claTflta Potr. m i_J Spain 

TIm cHab-tkMed-calvjted 0«ni»m. 

Sfrfrfmm ««ricviim VtUt., nnC of Alt. 



- 578 



- 578 



43ouc,Tr, 
Secku 



L europs^a L. a Europe f. 262, 263. 571 
Tbe European Fune 

GenUta *pind*a L*Obcl. 

U. grandOVtru* Pour. 

U. MTMaiif There. 

fm», Oor*e, Prickfy Broome. 

4fone oommuUf Jonc mari», Jomariu, 



Geuitipineu* 

Varietiet 
2 fldre pleno m 
proTincfalifl. 
stricta. 



3. cdndicans L. m Levant fig. 267. 578 

The whitiih-n(i/ac0tf Genista. 
CyUsu* cdndicau* L. 
C^ti*u* pubi*cen* Bftatnch. 

4. tHquetra Ait. ^ Spain fig. 268. 578 

The triangular-flemmcd Genista. 
G. triqueira Lam. ? 



571 



5. bracteoUtn Lk. m _l 

Tbe bract«olat«d Omtota. 

6. urobellilta Pbir. ji I 

Ttae Bmbeilate:Jl0iMf«i Gcniata. 
HpdrfiiiM umbmttm Dmf. 

Variety ai ^ 
2 capitata Dec. . 



- 579 

Barbary - 579 

. 579 



7. lusit^nica L. A Portugal 

The Portugal Geniita. 
d 



- 579 



xlii 



CONTENTS. 



Pa«t 

8. (1.) radiata Scop. * Italy f. 269. 519 

Tbe niytd-branck^ Genista. 
Spdrtium radiitum L. 
G. UvinsU Dalecb. 

9. ^phedrdides Dec, A Sardinia - 580 
Tne Ephedn-Uke Genista. 

10. triacanthos Brot. A Portugal 580 

Tbe three-spined GeniBta, 
G. rostrata Poir. 

Variety II - - 580 

2 interriipta Dec. A 



- 580 



580 



1 1 . h6rrida Dec, A Pyrenees 

Tlw bonrid Genlata. 

Bfdrtivm kdrridwm Vahl. 
G/enmaeea GiUb. 

12. syiv&tris Sa^, A Austria 

Tte Wood OoilMa. 

O. kiapdmtea Jmcq. 

13. iS^cdrpius Dec. A Europe - 580 

Tbe Scorpion Genitta. 

Spdrttwn Scdrpiu* L. 
G. spin(fi^a Lam. 
Seorpion Furtey Gerard. 

14. hisp4nica L. j» Spain - - 581 

The Spanish Genlsta. 

Spanish Furzet Hort. 

15. 4nglica L. Jt Europe f. 270. 581 

The English Genista, orPetiy Whin. 
G. mlnor Lam. 

16. eermanica L. a Europe f. 271. 58] 

Tbe German Genista. 

ScOrpius spindsus Moench. 
V&glertL spinosa F1. Weit. 

Variety A . . - 581 

2 in^rmis Dec. A 



' 581 

. 581 

- - 582 

- 528 



17. piirgans X. * France • 

Th* pnrgini; Oenlata. 

^drtimm pHrgaiu L. 

18. sericea fVulf. Jk Austria - 

Thc atlk^ Ocnista. 

19. humifiisa L. Jk Levant 

Ttac traiUng GcnjfU. 

20. aphj'lla Dec. A Siberia 

The leafless Genista. 

Spdrtium tmh^Uum L. 
G. virgdta Lam. 

21. monosperma Lam. A Mediterranean 

tig. 272. 582 
Ihe one-seeded Genista. 

Spdrtium monosp^rmum L. 
G. Rsetam Forsk. 

22. sphaeroc&rpa Lam. A S. Europe 582 

liie nmnd-frulted Geniata. 

cywrnMOT tphetrouu poit Jj. 

23. aethn^nsis Dec. A Etna fig. 273. 582 

The Monnt Etna OenlMa. 

Spdrttitm athn^ut BIt. 
f^rthunttUpirmMm 8inith. 

24. scariosa Viv. A Naples - . 583 

The ■GariottftHiwrWiMtf*f«iecd Genkta. 
Q.JaniUftMf» ViT. Cat. 
O.gnmAmia Pen. 

25. anx&ntica 7>n.-* Nap. f.274,275. 583 

The Anxantic GenistH. 

G. amsdntica Tenore. 



Vage 

26. tinct6ria L. jm Europe f. 276. 583 

The Dyer's Broom» or Green We^. 

Base Broom, Green Weed, Dper*s Weed, 

Wood-toaxen. 
GenSt des Teinturiers, Genit de SihMet 

Fr. 
Farbender Ginster, Ger. 

Varieties Jt - - 583 

2 latifolia Dec m 

3 hirsuta Dec. m 

4 prat^nsis PaU. js 



27. 



(t.)8i 
The Sil 



sibirica L. A Siberia 

Siberian Genista. 

Genistoides eldta Monich. 

G. Hnctdria var. N. Du Ham. 






28. (t.) tetragona Besser. j> Podolia 584 

The qyadiaagular^wiadfad Geni^a. 



29. (t.);K>l7gaIa?fdIiai>«c. A Port. 

The Milkvort.leaTcd Oenitta. 
O. polnfalmfhjfUmBnu 
O. exaaita Ltnk. 
O. timttbria ImsHdidea Mdafma Tonm. 



584 



30. (t.) fl6rida L. A Spain - 

Tbe floiid OenlMa. 

81. mimtica JRoS. Jk Italy 

The Mantnan GcniMa. 

32. ovata Waldst. A Uungary 

Tbe oT»te-ieat>ed Genista. 
G. nervdta Kit. hi Litt. 

33. pitula Bieb. A Tauria - 

The epreadlnii Ocnltta. 

34. trianguUris WiHd. m Hungary - 584 

The triancular-^fmimcrf Gcnista. 

OTlr^metra Waldat., not of Ait. 



- 584 

. 584 

. 584 

- 584 



35. sa^ttalis L. ^ Europe. fig. 277. 585 

The Know-Jointed Genista. 
G. herbicea Lam. 
Genist^la racemdsa Mflench. 
SaUzwedk&SL sagitidUs Fl. Wett. 

Variety jiH ' ^ 585 

2 minor Dee. wk 



36. diifiksa WiUd. Jk Italy 

The dlfniee Geniata. 

G. kmm^fhea Wutf. 

Hpdrtimm pr o e Ami iene Jaoq.» no( of Ait. 



- 584 



1 



37. prostr^ta Lmn. ^ France fig. 278. 585 

The prostrate Genista. 

G. pendiculata L'H6rlt. 
G. decumbens Dur. Bourg. 
G. HdUeri Reffn. 

38. procumbens Waldst. et Kit. ^ 

Hungary - - 585 

The procumboit Genista. 

39. pilosa L. Jk Europe - fig. 279. 586 
The hairy Genista. 

G. r^pens Lam. 

Gendstifides tubereuldta Moencb. 

40. piloc&rpa Link. Jk - 586 

The haiiy^^uited GenisU. 

App. i. Hardy Species of Genista not yet in- 

troduced. - . 586 

C. mdUla Oee. 

%pdftimm mdlle Cbt. 



CONTENTS. 



sdiii 



VBKt 



Cav. 



e. MMiTifrilti Dec. 
6. cMfwnBa Gm. 
a. acaiMhtetaMU Oae. 
G. liOiiMii Dec. 



O 
O 



a. 

o. 
& 

8i 



G. Den. 



o. 
o. 

6. 



" ~ O. Dm. 

i^AMBNlGllM. 

w. t coipUkU Dfc. 
3 critmi o«c. 

C rrl ■rohlfcf DnT 

SpMUmt triauf UMmm C«t. 

fl.«dalcaAM. 

ofmrtutn otmcMn jlou. 

OLctemaito. 

IwiiFMMi ctntraBB Vm. nroip. 
OrMmMa VUl. Dwiiili. 

O. iMfltaEiteWIlJd. 

0.lll|MiMl«^ 

O. Paanadadi Lols. 
«. ■■lchSBla FuiMi. 
OwMdnttal^ 
C. AUda irSUtf . 
C aloiadia Or<. 
O. ? tMfiiniiiilU Dw. 

C0Uttakt§n9fk^u§ La P«^. 
C ■iiiiWfi a. 



HyJrii—i dUSeant Cav. 

(>iKtM •aMeM/AAw Loit. 

C§Ki>M mKMteiiMW Pofr. 
O. faifWa I.. *^f. sm. 

!(rdrfiM M^rWitmi Desf. 

QfaamlimVhKMt Lam. 

GMiiMtfer liiH/Wia Momdi. 
6. biflOCB Dtv. 

SfiidifiMM bUbnmH Dccf. 
& ndcnvhtila JOn;. 

S ydrd w Micr»f*a?a—i CaT. 
e. frldmCac. 
G. wtgfVi^ac*, 9»rmg, 
&.-Hn^ Dee. 6k.S81. 

imm vtrKttmm AlU 



Burcli. 
WUld. 




G.«v*iriaPMr. 

CdSmr CfNMT Jaeq. 
CemmSitmDie. 

kp dt i im m, 
9i.cmmatumDm. 

6. At^Xtrl^Dec. 
6. 



- 588 



VIIL CY'TISUS Dec. i * ft 

Tbi CYT»U9. 

C^ltnts and Spdrtiumf *P^'t I" 

and Lam., &c. 
Q^/MC, Fr. 
JXoAmen^aion, Ger. 

§ i. ABmrnolde» Dec. A - 589 

1, albus Xotit. « Levant fig. 282. 589 

Tbe vlitte CTtlstit, or Portugcd Broom. 
GenUta AEba Lam. 
SpArthtm dUmm Desf. 
^Mrtimm multifldrum Alt. 
Spdrtium disp4rmum Momch. 
Gfntsia muUJflira N. Du Ham. 
^aartimn ti neurs blanches^ Fr. 
Weisse Pfriemen^ Ger. 

Variety m « . 590 

2 incarnatus ft 



§ ii. LabHimum Dec. S 



Pi^ 
- 590 



Appw ii. Jffalf-Aartfy SpecUt oj OenUta, 
Ai— 1 ft-J . . 588 1 



2. i/abiirnum Z.. 5J Europe f. 77. 590 

The oommon Labonium. 
C. a^\nus Lam. 
Bean-tre^He Tree, and Peasood Tree, 

Gerard. 
Pca TVtfe, Scotch. 
Gotden Ckain. 
VAubours, PauM ^hinier, Arbois or Are 

BoiSy Fr. 
Gemeine Boknenbaum, Ger. 

VarieHet t - - 590 

2 ^ercifoUum j8br<. ^ pL78. 

C. L. incisum. 

3 pdndulum Hort, S 

4 foliis variegatis ¥ 

5 purpur&scens Jlort, ¥ 

C. L. pttrpftrftim Hort. 

C. At&ml Poir. 

C. L. cocdneum Baum. 

3. (L,) alpinus MiU, « Alps pl. 79, 591 

The Alsine, or Seotcslk, Labumum. 
C. Lo6t<mfiim /3 Ait. 
C. mfnistifdUum Mcench. 
C. LaouriNfm var. latifdUum Pers. 
Custise des Atpes, FAuhours^ Fr. 
Alpen Bohnenbaum, Ger. 
Idaggio pendoiinot Ital. 

Farie/^ I - - 591 

2 p^ndulus S pl. 80. 

4. nfgricans L, a France f. 283. 593 

The black Cytisus. 

5. sessilifolius L. A Fr. f. 284, 285. 594 
The sessUe-leayed Cytisus. 



6. trifl6ru8 VHerit. 



The three-flowered Cytisus. 
C. viUbsus Pour. 



South Europe 
fig. 286. 594 



7. m611is wmd, 

Th* mA Cjrtiiw. 



- 595 

- 595 



8. patens L, a Portugal 

The spreading Cytisus. 

C. penduhnus L. Fil. 
Genista tomentbsa Polr. 
Spdrtium phtens L., not of Cav. 



9. ^nwdiflorus Dee, A Portugal - 595 

Tho gnat-flowarad CyUti a. 

SfNlriiiMi gfmmdiyUmtm BraC 

10. «coparius Link, A Europe f. 287. 595 

The common Broom. 

Spdrtium scopArium L. 

Genista scoparia Lam., not of Vill. 

Gentsta hirsUta Monich. 

Genet d BataiSt GenSt commflifi, Fr. 

Gemeine Pfriemen, Ger. 

Varieties A . . 595 

2 iUbus Hort. 
S flore pldno Hort. a 

§ iii. Calyc6tome Link. a dfe--J 597 

11. spinosus Xom. a S. Europe - 597 
tim 1111117 Crtisuk 

d 2 



x\W 



CONTENTS. 



19. lani^ms Dee. 

Hm wool-bMrii) 
epdHimm 
CaiiMltameriUB>m link. 
^piiftum vltlbnm Brot. 



Variety lA . 
8 rigidua Dec. 



d. Europe 597 



597 



$ iv. Tuhoc^tUtu Dec. A ^ jc 598 

13. leuc&ntbus WaUttL et KU. Austria 

fig. 286. 598 
The vhile-llowered GytUus. 

14. purpikreus Scop, Jk Austria 

fig.289,290. 598 
The piirpleVltwtfred Cytisus. 

rorMty^ - • 598 

2 flore filbo ITorf. Ji 

15. elongatus WaidH. et Kit. * Hun. 598 
The dongated Cytisov. 

16. multifl^s lAndl. • Europe 599 

The many-flowered Cjtlsui. 

C. eUmgithts Hort., not of Kit. 
C. elonghHu fi mmUifi^rms Dec. 

17. falc^tus FTo^^. et Kit. m Austria 599 
The Oidkle^like-poMed Cytlsus. 

18. austrkcus L. A Austria f. 291. 599 
Tfae Austrian Cyttoos. 

19. sup2nus Jacg. Jk Europe f. 292. 599 

The suplne Cytlsuii. 
C. \olo\de$ Vaar, 

20. hirsiitus L. A Hungary - 599 
The halry Cyttsns. 

C. mptmu Bertol. 

C. trifidrtu Lam., not of L'H6rit. 

C. ToumrfortiiaiuM Loii. 

21. capit^tus Jacq. A Italjr - 600 

The hemied-Jlowered Cytisus. 
C. kirshtu» Lam. 

C St^ffMlf L. 

22. ciliitus Wahl. A - - 600 
The dliated-jwddrtf Cytisus. 

23. poi^trichus Bieb. j» Tauria - 600 
The nMioy-halred Cytlsas. 

§ ▼. Lotoides Dec. - - 600 

24. arg^eus L -* France - 600 

The sllvery Cytisus. 

Ld<tw arg^ntetu Brot. 



25. calycinus Bieb. ^ Oaucasus - 601 

The ilarge-calyxed CyUsus. 
C. pawifidrusWiM. 



26. nanus Wd/d. ^ Levnnt fig. 293. 601 

The dwarf Cytitus. 

§ ri. C^r&ndnthus Deo. m - 601 

27. oricntilis Lois. s Levant - 601 

The Oriaaul CtUau». 

C. oritiMlU, ike., Gamd and VaU. H«rb. 



App. i. Hardjf Species qf Cjftitus not yet 

introducad* - - 601 

Ca sirb6raii Dtc» 

OWlKTTWRII i 

QtntataMfmdMlaVtikt. 
C. Wiidenl VMttBl. 
C. ilUdos Dee. 
C. Uflin» L'B/rU. 

C. UrHhm Otnd. 

C. MrtktmM and C. i 

Cmaervt 
vmr. tglkberlM 
8 fubsplnte 
C. MTdtfanu IBtin LUt. 
C. pygmafiu WUtd. 
C. pontlciu WWd. 

C. pdmHtnt h 
C. cMnticmLaU. 
C. «frlekiw Laia. 

C. 0frieiaim» Mntdm» amgmdiflHm». 
C. procArng LbJc 

aip^irtimm priicvWM. 
C. ? pmlcoa fiMrm. 

SpdrTHMi p^ncmi. 

App. ii. HalfJutrdy Species o/ Cfftieu». 

• lJ - - 602 

C.pn»liftnML.ilLJ fig. 9M. 

C. pdlUdns Mr. 

C. nnhlKcnns lAdfc. il t-J 

BfdrHmm mmbtgtmmm Ait. 

C. «uprMAMiun L. Pll. 

C. /V^fnnw Lam. 
C. bncMoltau Hort. 
C. tetngondcladnt JTM. 
C. mwmftw J7arf . 

App. iiL Antieipated hardy and half-kardy 
Species of Cytieus. - 602 



IX. ADENOC AHPUS Dec. 



603 



Thb Adbnocakpos. 

Cptisus. 

^pdrtium. 

GenHsta. 

1. hispdnicus Dec. A Spain - 603 
Tlie Spanish Adenocarpos. 

Cftisus hispttnicus Lam. 
C^tisus Anag^ L'H£rlt. 

2. intermMius Dec. • Port. f. 295. 603 

The intermediate Adenocarpus. 
Cptisus cotf^tlicAtus Brot. 

3. parvif6lius Dec. A France f. 296. 603 

The small-leaTed Adenocarpus. 

C^tisus parvifdlius N. Du Ham. 
Catuus divaricatus L*H6rlt. 
Cytiius oomplicatus Dec. 
^pdrtium conyMedtum Lols. 

4. telon^nsis Dec. * Pyren. f. 297. 604 

The Toulon Adenocarpus. 

Cpiisus telon^nsti Lois. 
Spdrtium compUcdtum Gouan. 

App. L Half-hardy Sj^ecies of Adenoe&rpus. 

» lJ - 604 

A. frankeniolifas Chois. H i_J - - GM 

Genista visdtsa Wllld. 
A. foliolbsus Dec. ati I . - 604 

C$tisusfoliol6sus Alt. 

X. ONOW8 L. • j. jt_j tLLj «._j 604 

Thb Rbsthariiow. 

Knbnis and "Sdtri* Mcench. 
Arrf.te-bmtf^ BugraHe^ Fr. 
HanecheU vier. 



COMTfiNTS. 



xlv 



1. fruticdaa L, « Eiirope fig. 998w 604 

Tbeihrubby Restharrow. 

V<triety • - - 605 

2 tnicrophf lla 2?««;. a 
O.fnUkUa Asao. 

S. rottmdifolia X. ^ Alps fig. 299. 605 

TbssaaBd-lBBVBd RcBthanow. 

NdMv nitandl(^Mb MaEBCn. 

Variet^ - - 605 

SariftitoDM;. 

3. (r.) tribracteaU 2>ec. ^ Carinthia 605 

0.ntmmMhlimL. 



4^ i^nUnx Bee, ^ ^ Europe fig. 300. 605 

Iobc^vmc Rnthamw. 



5. arenaria Do;. j« — I Franoe - 606 

AMfcait $piid§ erfrtw 1M« «tar Magn. BoC. 

6. eenisia X. .n France • . 606 

- 606 



5. (f.) crdceo-lanata Wats. m ^ 

North America - fig. 304. 608 

The SaiDron-coloured wooUy Amorpha. 



6. (f.) canescens NiU:t. 



^l 



N. Am. 608 



o. 



Min. Dicc. 



VarUtu J 
9 fubBriittta 



Dee. 



o. 



7. aFBgon^iisis Aao. m Spun - - 606 

App. L Other tuffirvHcoee Speeiee of OndnM. 

■.i-J tt.^ . - 606 



LbM. fls.aoi. 




XL AMCyRPllA X,. * • _J . 

TnB Amorpba, ot Battard Jtktigo. 
BoKdtfUia Keck. 



606 



I. fraticdfia L, m N. America f. 302. 607 

The ifarobby Amorpha. 
mid Indtgo. 
Fatu IndigOi Fr. 
Siraadurrtlger Uttformt Ger. 

Varietiee a • - - 607 

2 angustifolia PecrsA. i9l 

6 emarginfita J><r9A. A 

4 Lewinl Lodd. Cat. il 

5 can-Mea Lodcf. Oz^. A 



9 (f.)g1iSmi/>r9/. 

Tte ^ahraaa AJBOcpha. 



N. America 607 
N. America 607 



. (f.) Dina A^u//. ji - 

Tbe ilvarf Amorplui. 

A. wUcropii^Ua Parsh. 

. (f.) fr^grans Swi, a North America 

iig. 303. 606 
Thefragrant Amorpha. 
Ji. $mata Snu. 



he caneicent Amorpha. 
f A. ptAiseens rurah. 

XII. ROBIN/il L. y • j. 609 

Thb RoBiNiA, or Locust Trce. 

P$eudacdcia. 
Robtnier, Fr. 
Bobimey Gsr. 

1. Pseiid-i^cacia Xtn. North America 

pl.8I,82. fig. 305. 609. 
The common Robtnia, or Falae Acacia 
JEscJ^fmimene Pteudaaicia Roxb. 
Ps eud acde i a odordta Btondi. 
Locust Tree, Amer. 
7%« Batiard Acacia. 

Acada blanc, Carouge de» AmSrfcaHu, Vr. 
Gemeine Acacia, Sckotendom, Ger. 

Varietie» 1t - - 609 

2 fldre liiteo DumoiO. t 

3 indrmiB Dec. H. 

4 crispa Dec. $ 

5 timbraculifera i>ec. ¥ p1 . 83. 

R. inirmi» Dum. 

6 tortuoaa Dee. 1t pl. 84. 

7 ffopAorcefolia Lodd, CaL X 

8 amoiphaBfolia Lk. ± 

9 stricta Lk. t 

10 procira Lodd» CaL £ 

11 pendula OH. S 

12 monstrdM Lodd. Qa. £ 

13 roacrophvlla LodcL Cat. $ 

14 microph^lla Lodd. Cat. S 

R. angusiffifUa Hort. 

15 spectiibilb Dum. tE 

16 latisiliqua Prince^s CaL 1t 

2. [ P.] viscdsa Vent. $ North America 

pl.85. fig.336. 62G 
ne clanm^-ftarAecf RoDhita. 
R. gbUindsa Curt. 
R. montdna Bartram. 
Tke Bose-flowering Locmt. 

3. d(ibia Fouc. S Hybrid. - . 627 

Tbodoabtflil Robinia. 

A. k^Mda Aodlb. 

R. amttgma Poir. 

? a. eckm6ta MUI. Dict. 

Jt. Mcmiirfia Soulange-Bodln. 

4. hfspida L. • N. Amer. f. 307, 627 

The hUpid Roblnia, or Bose Acacia. 
R. Tosea N. Du Ham. 
R. montdna Bartr. Voy. 
JEsckifndmene hispida noxb. 

Varietiee A j» . . ($28 

2 nana jDec. .a 

3 rofiea Pursh. 3k 

4 macrophyila Dee. A pl. 86. 

R. grandijldra Hort. 

XIIL CARAGA^NA Um. * » .- «20 

Thb Cabagana, or Siberian Pea Trct. 
BobinU sp. L. 



xlvi 



CONTENTS. 



Pafl* 

]. arbor^cens Lom. ¥ Siberiapl.87. 629 

The arboretcent Caraguuu 
JtobMt^ CaragAna L. 
C. Hbiriea Bay. 
Acocie de SibMe, IMthtie de Sfbirie, Arbre 

ans PoiM de$ Rustes^ Fr. 
Sibiriscke Erbtenbaum, Ger. 
Gorochoik, Ruu. 



Varieties *! 
2 in^rmis Hort, ¥ 



- 629 



2. (a.)i4//aganaPoir. A Siber. f. 308. 630 
The Altanma Caragana. 

RobbtAA AlUg^na PaU. 
Caragiuia mieropk^Ua Lam. 

3. (a.) microphylla Dec. « Siberia 630 
The nnaU-leaTed Caragana. 

RobMn. microph^ Pall. 
Caragtoa Altagina 9ar. Poir. 

4. (a.) Redowskt Dec. j» Siberia 630 
Bedowiki'* Caragana. 

Variety ^ . - 6Sl 

2 prae^^coz Fisch. jm 

5. (a.) aren^uia Donn and Shru. A 

Siberia - - iig.309. 631 
The Sand Caragaoa. 

6. (rut^scens Dec. ^ Russia r.310. 631 
Tlie shrubby Caragana. 

RobiiAM.frutitcem L. 
C. digitata Lam. 

FarieHeM m . - 631 

1 lattfolia A 

2 angustifolia A 

7. (£) m611is Bess, jt Tauria - - 631 

HwHft Cancana. 

RMtAm mOUU Bicb. 
RMiAm ((MiWHtbM Fitch. 
C/. Mr.mtfMif Dw. 

8. pygmm^Dec.Jt Siberia f. 311. 631 

The pygmy Caragana. 
Robims f^gmar^a L. 

Variety .• - - 632 

2 arenaria Fieck, j» 

9. 8pin6sa Dec. m China - - 632 

Tue e^ny Caragana. 
Robh^ spinota L. 

A»6fMia ninosistima Laxm. 
C.Jbrox Lam. 

10. /ragacanthoides Potr. A Siberia 632 

The Goat*s-thom-like Caragana. 
Robin\ti tragacasUboides Pall. 
Robbdn macrdcanika Lodd. Cat. 



1 1 . jubata Poir. .» Sibena 

The crested Caragana. 
RobifAKJnbata Pall. 



- 633 



12. ffrandiflora Dec. A Georgia - 633 

xhe great-flowered CaragaDa. 
icoMnia grandiflbra Bieb. 

13. Chanddguljsm. m Cbina f.SH. 633 
The Chnmlagu. or Chinese, Caragana. 

itoMiia Chaml&gu VHirii. 



XIV. HALIMODE'NDRON ruch!*m 

634 
Tbb HALmoDBNDBOif, OT SoU Trce. 

Halodindron Dec., not of Petlt 
Thouars. 

1. arg^nteum Dec. ft Siberia f.315. 634 

Hie tX\yerv-Uaved Halimodendron. 
RoMnis, Halod/ndron L. 
Caragina ary^OM Lam. 

Varieties A . . 634 

1 Tulgare Dee. A 
8 brachysema Dec. S 

2. (a.) subvurescens Z>on. A Siberia 634 

The greenish Halimodendon. 
RobtniA triftbra L'Herit. 
H. arginteum fi subviriscens Dec. 

XV. CALOa>HACA Fisch. • - 635 

THB CALOPHAC4. 

C6tisus PaU. and L. 
CoNttea Lam. 
Adenocarpus Spreng. 

1. wol^rica Fitch. A Ru8siaf.316. 635 

The wolga Calophaca. 

Cptisus nigricans Pall. Itin. 
Cytisus pmnitus Pall. Fl. Rou. 
Cytisus u)oigdricus L. 
Colktea ufo^drica Lam. 
Adenocdrjms wolginsis Spreng. 



XVL COLUTEA R. Br. A 

Thb Colutba, or Biadder Senna, 



635 



1. arborescens L. A Europe f. 317. 635 

The arboreacent Colutea. 
C. hirs^ Roth. 

2. (a.) cruenta ^i/. A Levantf. 318. 636 

The bloody->loio^0rf Colutea, or Orienial Blad- 
der Senna. 

C. ortentdUs Lam. 
C. sanguinea Pall. 
C. dptera Schmidt. 
C. MLmilis Scop. 

3. (a.) media WUld. a Hybrid - - 635 

The intermediate Colutea. 

4. (a.) haleppica Lam. A Syria - 637 

The Aleppo Colutea. 
C. PorocMi Ait. 
C. isiria Mill. Dict. 
C. procumbens L*HMt. 

5. nepalensis Hook. 4 Nepal f.319. 637 

The Kepal Colutea. 



XVn. ^STRA^G ALUS 2)<?c. 

Thb Milk Vbtch. 



637 



1. TVagacdntha L. «. S. Europe f.320. 637 

The Goat's Thora Milk Vetch, or Great Goat*M 
Thom. 

A. moMsiUinsis Lam. 

i<. cr^ticus . . flg. 321. 6SS 

App. i. Other ligneoue Speciee of KwtragahiM 
in CuUivaiioH. - - 638 

A. altUciu toM. 
A.9xiMitmL'HAH.n. fUr. Stt. 
A. brrrlfMiuii Udd. fiff. »3. 
A. mauili^nkU Lom. 

f A. TratiaedHtkm var. mth whUtJlomn. 



CONTENTS. 



xlvii 



Pacc 



App. ii. Hardy Specie» of AUr&gahi» not 
yet introduced, - - 638 



A. 



JUdkorA. 



App. I. SuffrtUicose hardy Species belonging 
to tke Tribe L6tea. m tt. s.lJ - 639 




App. II. Half-hardy Kyneous Species of 
iMtea. m mZD AuJ &uJ n.^ 
JUi-J - - . - - - 639 



R. Iftr. S lJ 
CiW]ieBp^*Lj fig.384. 
UtatbMM LtAL m\_J flg. 385. 



l_J flff.5S6. 




■niSBrttfiiaa Bat. Rtg. i 

trfBte* Bai. Mag. fig. 391, 8SX. 

VaK««Dce. ft| f 

Dtt.m\^ 
Uw.ilLj 

^•lJ . 
i..*uJ 

AdqrrUa vftlbca irm4r. A |_J 



Dee. 



fjrtrfn» it»*^. 



2«imft. ill_J 

lJ fif.S39. 
■ Bm. (^b. 



Okk^lnXkfc. 



UJ 
tf. JCw. flg. 394. 



- 639 

- 639 
. 689 

- 640 
fi(.S87. 640 



fig. 388. 640 

fiR. 389, 330. 640 

. 640 

- 640 



640 

640 
640 
640 

640 

640 
640 



641 



Tlmmb.m\^ 



L.AI.J fig.336. 
Dec. - 



wMI>»IlfeL.*Lj tt-uJ tt- \ 

Bifba iinU L. 1 1 1 fig. 837. 

r*ifa«rfrl« Btfrta yM» Im. 

: ^«nb «i r gv to p »jfltg If («ildb 

£r.«.Lj 

L.t«-_J 
itar. «-l^J 



641 
641 



fig. 385. 641 

. 641 

. 641 

- 641 



mSL. 



flg.S38. 



imlMt. 



648 
648 



U/CmL. 

cviUcttft I.. &<. I I 

anthjlUUdea FM. fl 
at rop u rpAreui Dw. 8L i ) 

lacobe^iu Z.. 8L |_J fig. 339. 

BroaiMmiiji L. 

■pocuibtUs 
Carmicba^Ma atutrUii A. Br. m |_J 
Piorklcn L. H H] *| | 

bitumlntea L. m |_J 

glaiKiultea r. ii l I fig. 340. 341 . 

pubteens BaA. m 1 

piic^ta oau. 

obtuftif&iia Om. 
Indigdfera L. * | | tt. |_J 

denodkta ./«cf . tt. |_J fig. 348. 

amoe^ i4i/. 8L i , | 

atropuipArea HamiU. m |_J 

nuVrUi»WUU. mi | flg. 348. 

iqrlT&ticaBiefr. *|_J 
/. aiigii2d<« Bot. Hcg. 
Swalnateila SaiUb. il uj . 

galefcifbUa Jt. Br. m\ | flg. 344. 

coranUiBrblia SalUb. *| | 

lcaterti4^Mia Dcc. il lJ 
Lcamrtia Dec. tL I ] 

flnttio6aaI.iarf.tt.uJ fig.345. 

Sutberl4ndiVi frut^scens R. Br. m 
microph^lla Burck. 



Page 



648 
648 



648 



. 643 

. 648 
ag. 846. 64a 



SeCt. III. ^KDTSA^&K^. 

XVIII. CORONrLLA Neck. 

Thb Coroxilla. 



643 



1. E'meru8 L, m S. Europe f. 347. 644 

The Scorplon Senna CoroniUa. 

E^meru* mitjor Mill. Icon., t. 132. f. 1. 
Efmertu mlnor Mill. Icon., t 182. C 2. 
C. pauc{/lbra Lam. 

2. 7uiicea.X. * France - f. 348. 644 

The rmhy 'branched Coronilla. 

App. i. Halfhardy ligneou* Speeies of 
CoroniUa, «_J . . 644 

C. ilJpulkriB Lom. m ^ flg. 349. 

C. raiMiiM L. 

C. Aifptbiica MUI 
C. pentaph^lla Dmf. M 
C. glatica L. m ^ flg. 350. 
C. argitfntcii L. m __J 
C. multifl6ra Dte. m _J 

App. I. Hardy suffiruticose Species of Hedy^ 

sdretB, A . . 645 

ilad^iarum flruticftnun L. dl . 545 

App. II. Half-hardy liyneous Species of 
lledysdrea. 'St?.^ A ii^ ftuJ 8LLJ 
• _l «lZ] - - - . 645 

Hippoerfcpii balfldrlca Jocf . * ^ fig.351, 358. 645 

AdamlaOcc. • . . kaa 

micrapb«Ua iroofc. flg.S53,354. 
Loud6DtaHook. flg.SA5,S56. 
viactea OtU. tt Hook. flg. 357. 
uipallatMds Oilt. 
Utkila DU9. m uJ . . Q43 

arbbiM Q. Dtm. m \ | 

Htdiftarwn arMmm Hamilt. 
DesmMlum Dtc. m ^^ . - . g^ 

retbsum O. Dom. m ^} 
Hed^tmrmn rMmMniamilt. 
Dic^rma Acgans Dte. 88. ^| . ' . . 545 

Heii^rtim W^froiu Lonr. 
Ztfmia /Ugamt P«n. 
TaTemitoa Dec. tt. |_J . . ^45 

nammulkria Dee. tt. 1 I 
Ha<a|lMr«iN OMv^l Sprciv 
Lespcd^ Miehz. fll .646 

firutlKena P(T«. m 
ncmfngte semlalku Jtaeft. tt. ZI2 • 646 



xlviii 



CONTENT8. 



ag. 358. 646 
JLLJ647 

. 647 



Psge 
WbttmM crMca L. tt. i_J • 646 

Amtk^Uis erAtea iMt. 

AOUtgi Mimr&nm T\mtm. fl. L_J • 646 

H«dd«anun Alhkip L. 

AttAJf^ mammifent DtA 

OmdHU niiutta Haawlq. 

M&nna Mtrdica D. Dcm. 
cBm«.i6nim ^ 
Cliinthus puniceuB Sokmd. ? ^ 1 

Sect. IV. PuaskoYejie. ^ Jt &. Z 

XIX. WISTA^R/ii Nutt. Ji -* 
Tbb Wirtaua. 

Glfcine sp. L. 
Th^tdntkus BlUot. 
KrauMhia R«fin. 

1. frut^scens Dec. ^ N. Amer. f. 359. 647 

The shrubby Wlstarla. 

Gl^cineftrtU^scem L. 
A*piosffuUscens Pursh. 
AndmfunufrtUiscens Walt. 
fVistiri», specidsa Nutt. 
TktfrsanthusfniUseens ElUot. 
Phaseoloides Hort Angl. 
7%ff JEjdMyAeM TVee. 

2. chinensis Bec. Jt China f. 360. 648 

The Chinese Wittarla. 

Glpcine chmensis Sinu. 
G^cine sinhuis Ker. 
WistdrXsL Consequdxui Loudon. 



Thunb. 



648 

64« 



App. i. Other Species of IVistdriBL, Jk 

W. florllKknds Dte. -^ 

IKtfrcA«t potyttAchfima Thui 
G/4cJiw jforiMm/a Wind. 
IM/cAaf faiirfmaM SpniV. 
M(M Kmnpf. 

App. I. Suffruticose hardy or half-hardy Spe- 
des of Phase^lea, ft ^ - 649 

iMfftiai* «rbtewiu Sfmc. il ^J fiff. 961. 

L. maltlfltew Detrotu. ^ __J 

£.. HlfaUlnim BenM. 

I,. MmhidMAnMSwt. fl«.36S. 

L. canaMcnliuut Smrt. * uj 
/Ih wdnXor Sitrt. A _J 
£.. pttlGliiUm Sn«. 

App. II. Balf-hardy Speciea of Vhaeeblea, 
1.ID tuJ - - 649 

MiichM Usninia L. %_ lJ 

PachTihiEu* nflobus Dee. ^ ZD 
Ditf<cAM<Wla6Mfl r<OttT. 

Mmekma roadoabrpalFal/. j. ^ l^ flff.86i. 
Biythrtna CtbU.^Ui £.. 2^D 
CniTffftlU Jaeq. fk 
B. CrMa.^i BoC Rcs. 

Sect, V. Cabsik^a ft^ • . 660 
XX. GLEDITSCH/il L. 3j - 650 

Thb Glbditbchia. 

Acdcia sp. Flak. 
FMer^ vr. 
Glediischie^Get. 

1. triac&ntbos L, $ N. Am. pl. 88, 89. 650 
The three-thomed Gleditschla, or Hottey Locust. 
G. triacdnthos var. m polyspirma Mart. 
G. meUloba Walt. 
G. spinhsa Du Ham. 
. Acacia triacdnthos Hort. 
Aciicia americcina Pluk. 
Ffhier d^AmMque, Fr. 
Thomy Acacia^ Sweet Locmt, United 

Statet. 
Carouge di Mielt Canada. 

Fariety ^ - - 650 

2 in^rmis Dec, 1 pL 90, 91 . 
G. lahfis Hort. 



2. (t.) roonospemia Walt, jjt N. America 

fig.364. 653 

The one-Moded Glcditschia, or Water Locust. 
G. caroUminsis Lam. 
G. aqudtica Marsb. 
G. triacdntha Gaert. 

3. (t.) brachycirpa Pnrsh, «t North 

America - - . 653 

The short-fruited Gleditschla. 
G. triacdnthos fi Mlchx. 

4. sinensis Lam. 3J China pl. 92. 654 
The Chinese Gleditscbia. 

G. hdrrida WiUd. 

Varietiet, ^ 

2 in^rmis N. Du Ham. 1t pL 93. 

G. japdnica Lodd. 
G.Javdnica Lam. 

3 major Hort. X - . 654 

6. hdrrida miifor Lodd. 

4 n^na HorL ¥ . pL 94. 654 

G. h. ndna Hort. 

5 purpikrea Hort. 1f pL 95. 654 

G. h. purj^itrea Lodd. 
Other Varietiea . . 654 

5. (s.) macrac&ntha Detf. t China 

pl. 96. 654 

The long-spined Gleditschia. 
G.Jerox Baudr. 
F^ier d grosses Efpiues, Fr. 

6. (s.) ferox Det/. i China - 655 

The ferociou8-/>rtcAiM Gledi^hla. 
G. orientdKs Bosc. 
FHier hirissi, Fr. 

7. c4spica Detf. 5 Casplan - - 655 

The Casplan Gleditschia. 
G. caspiana Bosc. 

Fariety $ - -655 

2 subvir^soens Hort. t 

App. i. Other Sortt of Ghd&ttehiA. $ 655 

O. mlcracteUui Hort. See. tJard. $ 
G. Bdqmi Hoit. Soc. Ourd. 
O. pm*oos Hort. Soe. Qard. 
O. mfoMca. Ladd. 

O. MonMptfnMa. 

G.otlmikliiLodd.lt 
O.Jirox. 

O.MicaP»r«. 3* 

XXL GYMNCCLADUS Lam. $ 656 

TH£ Gtmmocladcs. 

1. canad^nsis Zrom. 2 Canada 

p!. 97, 98. 656 

The Canada GymnocLadus, or KesUmcku Cqffke 
Tree. 

GuilantlinsL dioica L. 

Hyperanth^ra diofca Vabl. 

JSiickcr Trecy and Stmtnp TVee, Unlted 

States. 
Bonduc. Chiquier, Fr. 
Chicot, Canadian. 
Canttdischer Schusserbaum, Ger. 



XXIL CE^RCIS L.tm - 

Tbb Judas Trbb. 

SiUqudsirum Toura. 
GasnieTt Fr. 



- 657 



CONTENTS. 



xlix 



1. SQiqu&strum i^. !IE Europe 

pl.99,100. 657 

Tbe oQnunon Judu Tree. 

^Oiqndstrum orUculdium MoBOcb. 
Lo9e Tree. 

Oamier « v mm un^ Arbre de Jwdfo, Fr. 
Aritd d^Amor. 9pan. 
Jmkubaum, Ger. 

Varietie» S II - - 658 

S parviflurum Dec. A 

S flore iUbido Hort, 1t 

4 r^ssa, Hort. £ 

2. canad^sis L, t Canada pl. 101. 659 

Tbe Canada Jndas Tree. 

Siliqudstrwn eorddium Monoch. 
Red Bird Tree, Amer. 
BonAi» Jtouge, Fr. 

Varietiee !^ - - 659 

5 pub^soeos Ph, 1t 

3 Foreman'8 new variety. 'St 

App. I. Half-kar(fy Speciea of the Tribe 
CoMx^is. mzn ili-J - 660 




UJ fe.56A.966. 



S«t.*t_J fe. S67. 
Bm*-*1-J fe.3«> 



Nl«U Dm't MiU. 

O. Dom. M l_J fe. S70. 






UdOaMJmet- 



<IK.S09. 



App. L OtAer haJfhardy Ugneoue Speciet of 
the Order Legumindcem. - 661 

\ L Daiber^ka. 
Mxta 



.661 



O.Om. 



Ok. 



4U. 
tl-J 



MimiAiea. 



- 661 




IVrrty 

Htnlunitemi Bldh Rm». A . 
SftfiUdtea DU.y/. IVw. 
Voi^M wier^mtha Vahl. 

Jir«* ICD IlJ *»ZD «l 
1. PkfUotOm. mz3 m 

l_J 6«. 871. 

X«Mte«.Br. aiuJ fe-37** 
il. jMi| Nh lu » I filM. ai Upi fiR.97S. 

A. vcvtinlKte tslek. 
4. «A0 JTcr. A L_l 1lg.S74,875. 

A.yrwfr^Lodd 
A «rfcia irilU. A I I «1«. 876, 877- 

iLtaniMuwffld- m Z3 

jroirtM M^ie{f5S L. 

■dandnkn JK. 0r. * | | <I|{.S7S, S79. 

rtMofiii/iia irau. ii uJ 

Mimim hOtrtfkiflUhiao. 
jittfMis mO/. ai Lj fig. 380. 

A.I«M<aLadd. 
iwiHiiu irilU. S l_J fe. 8Sl. 
JTiMkM msMbw Nm. 

irccdtiM SW. A L_J 11«. 382,385- 
A. u*</Mia Lodd. 

nidiuia ir«U. * I | fig.SSt. 

csr. S ladMlA Onr. A uJ 



662 



Pai 



66« 



664 



. 665 



1 Coi^fugdto-piMtuHa. «lJ •ID 

A. inmiiiltem IWiU. } | | 

A, canoUiaatbH» De^. m "^ 

A. palchila it. Dr. il UJ flc.885,886. 
A. dMnflfia Bmrt*. m i) 
A. ▼Mdirkmis IkireA. 

3. Spidfldne. lU •,_] . 

A, lophantha WiUd, m uJ fig. 387. 

A. lophdiitfaa WUU. m i_J fl^. 387. 

jriM6w iUgama BoTiUp: 
A. oAfra vmu. f ij 

Mhmta eiijhThunh. 
4.fiUdaMU. ?ft uj 

4. Gtobifldrw. ± L-J - 

il. farnesitkna ^iiW. 1 — I fig. 388. 

Mintdsafameeiina L. 
Afmdfa tcorpioideM Fonk. 
Gos/a, Ital. 
A. Cavinia Hook. 

iTimtea CtteMa jro0 

J. iHiffbM Umk. m \\ 

A.ciliAtaR.Br. 
A. f latka miU. H LJ 

JiimkMfiMcaL. 
A. hamhuiUdma D. Don. m uJ 
A. diaoolor fPtlU. m l_J 
A. animlkta I>8^. f_ |_J 
J. puMMom lt.Br. m |_J 

il. JulibrUnn Willd. Jf fig. 391. 
Mimdta Julibriflaio 5<»p. 
Mimdta arbdrea Forftk. 

A. dee&irana WWd. m if 

JtfioiAM d»e4rrauVeut, 
A. monhalma ITilU. i— _ 

A. dtatmmM vmr, fi \ 

A.m,amt8wt. 

A, dealbata Link, 

A . qffhnit Hor. 
The Black Wattle Mimota, Van Diemen's 
Land. 

A. nuflUa IFaa. m ^ 

App. II. Remarhe on eukivating the half- 
hardy LegumindcecB inBritUh Gardent, 667 



3 ite: 89t. 893. 
^iwilMffBoCKaB. 

U pl. 102. 



« % 



- 670 



^^osdcecB Dec. 

1 t ti-J l-«l » «I «lJ «i_j 
*— I ■• 1 1-J A. -* W» .*L-J 

Sect. I. A^YQDA^^isLA J\us. - 671.673 

I. .4MY'GDALUS Tourn, * 4 671.673 

Tbb Almond Thbb. 

AmsfgdaldpAora Neck. 
Atnandier, Fr. 
Mandelbaumt Ger. 

1. nana X. a Russia fig. 394, 395. 673 

The dwarr, or tkrubbg, Almond. 
Trknus in^rmis Gmel. 
A. nima var. tt vuigdrit Dec. 
Zwercbenumdclf Ger. 

Farieties, m 

2 ^eorgica Dec. m 
The Georgian dwarf Almond. 

A. gedr^ca Desf. 

3 campestris Ser, 
The field dwarf Almond. 

A. campdttris Bess. 
A. .0r«criana Sebott. 

4 incana Pai/. fli 
The hoary/eaved dwarf Almond. 

? 5 sibirica Z,(M2{f. a - - 674 
The Sibcrian Almond. 

e 



- 673 



- 674 



- 674 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

8. commilnis L, $ Mauritania pl. 103. 674 
The common Almond Tree. 

Varieties. Sk 

1 amara Dec, *!t - . 674 

The hitteT-kemeledcciaxaon Abnond 
Tree. 
Amandier amer^ Fr. 
Gemeine Mandelbaum, Ger. 

2 diilcis Dec. 3£ - - 675 

The tweet-kemeled common Almond 
Tree. 

Amandier d petiU FruiUt Amemde 

douce, Fr. 
SUsee Mandel, Ger. 



3 fl6re pltoo Baum. Cai. Y 

4 fdliis rarlegAtig Baum. Cat. ± 



675 
675 
675 



6 ft-igllis Ser. ^ 

Tbe brittle-«A<//49Ef coraman Almond Trac. 
A.frdeilit Hell. 

Amandier dt* DamMf N. Da Ham. 
Cofiw fiMrf/«, Fr. 
Abetlmt Provcne*. 

6 macroc^rpa S^. ^^ - 675 

The loni;-fttilted comroon Almond Tree« 
Amandier d ^rof Fruiti, N. Da Hun. 
Amandier Svltane, Amaudier dea Oomm, 
Amandier Piefache, Fr. 

7penicnides S<rr. ^ - 675 

The Peach-Iike loaiMil common Almond Tree. 

Otber Varieties • - 675 



2 The clingstone Nectarine. ¥ 
Brugnon, Fr. 



P»is» 



3. 



orientalLs AU. ife Levant - - 679 

Tbe Eastem Almoud Tree. 
A. arg4niea Lam. 

App. i. Other Species of Amjgdalua.lL db 679 

J. Toumef6rt/i Bosc. ft 

A. cocbinchinensis Lour. *JL 

A. mlcrophf Ua H. B. et SMntk. a 

n. PE'RSICA Toum, 4 ft 671.679 
Trb Peach Taek. 

\mygdalu» sp. L. 
Trickocdrpus Neck. 
Picher, Fr. 
i^rfcAfndottm, Ger. 

I. vulgaris Afi//. ¥ Pcrsia pl. 104. 680 

The common Feach Tree. 
Am^gdalus FSrsica L. 
Piche duvetcuse, Fr. 
Pfirsche, Ger. 

VarietieM. 3J A 

1 The freevlont common Peach 

Tree. 1t 
Piche, Fr. 

2 The clingstone common Peach 

Tree. I 
Pflwe, Fr." 

3 fldre pldno ITort. 1t 

The double-flowering common Peach. 

4 ilba LindL A 

The ■uYdta-fiowering common Peach. 

5 fdliis variegatis Hort. ^ 

The Tarlegated-I!eat7etf Peach Tree. 

6 compr^sn .Hbrf. A f. 397. 
The flat Peach qf Ckina. 

2. (v.) laeVis D^c. i Persia - 680 

llie tmooth.«ilrmn«(f Peach, or Nectarine Tree. 
Am^gdalus Tirsica Lam. 
Am^gdalus Tirsica Nectarina Alt. 
Brugnon, Piche Usse^ Fr. 



III. ^RMENrACA Toum. 5 671.681 

Tbk Apkicot. 

Pruntw sp. L. and othera. 
Abricotier, Fr. 
Aprikosenbauin, Ger. 

1. vulgaris Zom. 3! Asia pl. 105. 682 

The common Apricot Tree. 
Primttf Armeniaca L. 

Varieties 5 - - 6S2 

1 ovalifolia 5«r. $ fig. 398. 

The oval-leaved commou Aprieot 
Tree. 

2 cordifolia Ser, 5 fig. 399. 

The heart-shaped-leaved common 
Apricot Tree. 

3 foliis variegatis ITort. 3! 

The variegatcd-Ieaved common Apri- 
cot Tree. 

4 flore pleno Hort. I 

llie double-blosBomed oommoo Apri- 
cot Tree. 

2. dasydirpa Pers, $ f. 400, 401. 683 
The thick-f^uited Apricot Tree. 

A. atropurpiirea Lois. 
Pn^nsM dasycdrpa Ehrh. 
Prjknwf Armenlaca nlger Desf. 
TT^ black Apricoi. 

Variety 5 - - 683 

2 persicifoUa Lois. 1t f. 402 

The Peach-leaved thick-firuited Apri- 
cot Tree. 

3. (v.) siblrica Fers, !t Siberia pL106. 683 

The Siberlan Apricot Tree. 
Prttnta sioirica L. 

4. (y.) brigantiaca Pers, 5 Fr. f. 403. 684 
The Brian^on Apricot Tree. 

Vritnus brigantiaca Vlll. 



IV. PRU^NUS Toum, I 
Thk Plum. 

Pmndpkora Neck. 



671. 684 



Varieties ¥ ... 

1 The freestone Nectarine. 4 
Picke liMSC, Fr. 



680 



1. spinosa L, 3! Europe pl. 107. 684 

The spiny Plum Tree, or eommon Sloe Tkom. 
r. syMstris Fuch. 
Blacktkom. 
Prunier Spineux, Prunellier, E^ptne noire, 

Mire-du~Bois, Fr. 
Sekteadom^ Scklen Pfiaum^ Ger. 

Varieties 3J - - 685 

1 vulgkris Ser, *t 

The common Sloe Thom. 
P. spindsa Lois. 

2 foliis variegdtis Ser. 1t 

The variegated-leaved Sloe Thora. 

3 raicrocdrpa WaUr. !if 

The small-fhilted Sloe Thorn. .. 

4 macroc&rpa Wallr. $ 
The large-ihilted Sloe Thom. 

5 ovate Ser. 1 

The oYate-teaved Sloe Thom. 

6 fiore pleno 1t 

The double-flowered Sloe Thorn. 



COmVNTS. 



li 



2. insidtia L, £ Barbary pl. 108. 667 
Tbe engrafted Flum Tree, or BuUace Plrnn. 

P. ^^fytrii prai^eox dtHor Toorn. 
P. ^Mstris tnqjor Ray. 
Frunier samvage^ Fr. 
Krnchen PJlatanet Ger. 

VarUHet S . . 687 

1 firiictu nigro Hort, 1t 

The black-fruited, or common^ Bul- 
laoe. 

2 firdctu l(iteo.&1bo H&rt, 1t 

The jeUowith.white-fhiite<l AtZ- 
laee. 

3 fhicta rtibro Hori. *1 
Tbe red-fnilted BuOaee. 

4 flore pldno Hort, ¥ 

Tbe double-flowered BuUace^ 

3. doiDestic& L. *i. S. Europe • 687 

The domcstic eutii9atei Flum Tree. 
P. $aa»a Fucha and Ray. 
Gememe Pjiaumct Ger. 

Varieiies !if . . 688 

2 flore pldno .Sbrf. !t^ 
The doable.bloMomed Plum. 

3 foliis vari^!fLtis Hort, *t 
The yariegated-leaved Plum. 

4 m^rrobilana Z.. 1L pl. 109. 
"nke Mfrobalan, or Cheny^ Plum. 

P. JfyrdAai^ Du Ham. 

P. mtrobdlana Lois. 

P. cerae^era Ehrh. 

Prunier Myrobalan^ Cerieette, Fr. 

Atr«eAy{^tifn«, Ger. 

5 m. fouis Tarl^gitis iV. Du 

Ham. 

Tbe rariegated-leaTed Myro- 
'balRH, or Cherry^ Plum. 

6 ormenioides Ser, l^ 

The Apricot-UkePlum,or2)r<9 d* Or. 

4. c&odicaD8 Balb.^ f. 404, 405. 690 

The whitifh-feiivei Plum Tree. 

5. CocomUla Tenore. A Calabria - 691 

The Cocomilia Plum Tree. 

6. marftima Wangenheim, m North 

America - - 691 

Tbe fea-tide-MoMniif Plum Tree. 



7. pubdscens Poir. * 

The pobeeeeat-i^afWKf Plum Tree. 

8. ? divaricata Led. A Caucasus 

Tbe diTaricate (? brancked) Plum Tree. 
App. L Other Species of "Pnlnus, t ft 

1 



691 
691 
691 




CrEnR,A8VSJuu. 1t l^ f A mt^ 

672. 692 

Tbb C8U«T. 

C^asut and "LaurocSrasus Toum. 
PrdiMW sp. L. 
Cerisiert ¥r. 
K/rsd^t Ger. 



§ 1. CerasSphora Dec. .31 • Jc - 692 
The Cherrlef cultlvated_in Gardenf . 

sylv^stris Bauh, and Bay, 3f Europe 

pl. 110, 111. 693 
The wild Nack-Jruited Cherry Tree. 
C. dvium Moench. 
C. Ml/^a MI!1. Dlct., not of Ait. 
[ Vrtnus dvium L. 
_ Pr fttittf ttvium var. netfi WlUd. 
^Vrvnus nigricans and PrftfNft «arta 
Ehrh. 
^^' ,-B*«rrtfa«, Cbrrwe, CSorvoM, SmaU 
'^tack, Black Hertfordshtre, Black Hemrt, 
Biack iiaxxard^ 
TJie Merry Tree of tbe Cbefhire peafanU. 
Tke Merrtes In SufbUc. 
Mdrisiery Mirisegrosse notre^ Gusgnier, 

BtgarreasUier, Heaumier, Fr. 
Silsse Kirsche, Ger. 

Farieiiet - . 693 

1 M^risier?, or Menies. ± 

2 Guigniers, or Geans. ^ 

C. JuliOnsi Dee. 

C. decusn^na Delaunjr. 

3 Heaumiers. Ht 

Hie Helmet-fhaped Cherrief . 
C. Jitliinh var. heaumiina Dec. " 
Variety qf this race usedfor or- 
namentat purposes : 
dur&cina 2 ^ore plcno Hort, t 

The double-flowered wild black 
Cherry. 
Mirisier Renimculier, Fr. 

4 Bigarreautiers. 3! 

TheBigarreau,or hard-flefhed Cber- 
ries. 
C. durdcina Dec. 

vulgaris MUl, * Europe pl. 112- 693 
Tbe Common Cherry Tree. 
Prftntw CA^asus L. 
C. hort^nsis Per». 
C. caproniilna Dec. 
P. austera and P. Aeida Ehrh. 
Cherry, Kentish or Flemish Cherru, Mo- 

reUo, Mav Duke. 
Cerise de Montmorency, Cerise de Paris, 

Cerise a Fruits ronds, Cerise du Nord, 

Cerisier, Griottier, Fr. 
Saure Kirsche, Ger. 

Varieties ± . - 694 

2 flore iemipl^no Hort. It 

The semidouble-flowered oommon 
ICherry. 

3 flore pleno Hort. 1 

The double-flowered common Cherrr. 

4 pertidfl6ra Hort. J 
Thc^Pewh-blanomed comtnon ChcRy. 

5 foliis varicgatis Hort, i 

The variegated-leaved common Cherry . 

(v.) semperfldrens Dec, 1t 

pl. 113. 701 

The ever-flowering Cherry Tree. 
Prftnsf semperflbrens Ehrh. 
Prftnta serotina Roth. 
The weeping Cherry, Tke AUsaints Cherry. 
Cerise de la Toussaint, Cerise de St..Mar- 
tin, Cerise tardive, Fr. 

serrulkta G^. i>07i. 3* China f. 406. 701 

The ferrulated-i^ave(^ Cherry Tree. 
Prftnttf serruUUa Lindl. 
The dotibie Chinese Chcrry. 
Yfsng-To, Chinefc. 

e2 



lii 



CONTENTS. 



5. Pseiido-Cerasiis IMU. S China 

fig.407. 701 
The Falie Cherry Tree. 

PHbiw Paekdo-Cdranu Llndl. 
Vrkniiu pamiatUUa Ko'. not of Thunb. 

6. Chamsec^rasus Loit, A Sib. f.408. 702 

Tbe Ground Cherry Tree, or Siberiam Cherrp. 
C. tntermhdia Lois. 
Vrknut mtemUdia Polr. 
PHknacf yvttfiotoa Pall. 
C. pHmila C. Baoh. 
CkanutciratutfruticUa Fen. 

7. prostriLta Ser. jh Lerant f. 409. 702 
The prostnte Cherrr Tree. 

TrUma prottrata Lah. 
Ampgdaltu inedna Pall. 
PrtkiMW incina Steren. 

8. «ersicifdlia Lois. !Sl "S, Axnerica 702 

The Peach-tree-leared Cherrr Tree. 
FrHmu j>€rtic(fMia Desr. 

9. borddis Michx.1t N. Amer. f.410. 703 

The North Ameriean Chenry Tree. 
Vrknut boredlit Poir. 
Tke Nortkem Ckoke Ckerrif^ Amer. 

10. p^mila Michx. Jt N. America 703 
The dwarf Cherry Tree. 

PrtbMU jtkmila L. 
C. glaAca Moench. 
BMowniniert Nega^ Menel du Canada, 

1 1. depr^ssa Ph. •* North America 704 

T%e depressed, orjarottrate^ Chenrr Tree. 

C. pitmila Mlchx., not the Prftm» pk- 

mila L. 
Prftffttf Sutgnekdntt Wllld. 

12. pygmae^lxnr. a North America 704 

The Pygmy Cherry Tree. 
Trknut pygmm^a WiUd. 

13. nlgraZrOtf. ¥ Canada f. 411,412. 704 

The black Cherry Tree. 
IfrknMt nHgra Alt. 
Prd«Ma ameriedna Darlington. 

1 4. hvemalis Michx. A N. America 704 

'fhe winter Cherry Tree. 

Vrknut hyemdlit Michx. 
Tke Black Ckoke Ckerry. 

15. chfcasa Michx. A N. America 705 

The Chicasaw Chernr Tree. 
Vrknut ekicata Pursh. 
Vrknut tntiHtia Walt. 
Ckieatau/ Plum, in CaroUna. 

16. pub^scens Scr. a N. America 705 

The pubescent Cherry Tree. 
Trknmt pubitcent Pursh. 
PHbMM tpkarocdrpa Midix. , not of S waits. 

17. pennsylv^ica Lois. S N. America 70^ 

Ttac PcnnqrlTsniaB Chanry Trae. 
Prtwit ■cnMwf ivMca L. 
Pr*iiMtaMariAf« H^. 

18. jap6nica Lou. A Japan f. 418,414. 705 

Tb« Japan Chcrry Tm. 

PrAfiMiantMM Thuab. 
PrAmf «Muit Pen. 

Vartety ft - - 706 

2 nidltiplex Ser. A figs. 415, 416. 
Am^gJatiu piimtta L. 



19. nn^sis G.Dcm.fk China f. 417. 706 

Thc ChtaMW ChcRV. 

PnMMiMM Kcr. 



20. jalfcina G. Dan. m China - 70? 

The WVlow-leoped Cherry Tree. 
Vrinut •aOdna LbKll. 
Cking-Cko-Lee, or Tung-Ckt^Lee, CU- 



S^pedti hdonging to the precedimg SMSmwmj 
not ytt introduced, tmjk 707 

C. Pk4tkia HamUt. 'f 

Prknut ceratSSta D. Don. 
C. PHddum Roxb. V 
C. glanduldsa X,ot:r.a 
C. aspera Loit. tk 
C. inclsa Loit. A 
C. hOmiUs Morit. Jt 

§ u. Tddt vMSer.^t "l^ - 707 

21. Mahdleb AGll. S South Europe 

pl. 1 14. 707 

The Mahileb, or per^tmed, Cherry Tree. 
Prknut Mahileb L. 

Boit de Sainie Lucie, Prunier odorani. 
Fr. 

rart«<fCf S - - 707 

1 ft^Iiis variegiltis Hort. 2 

12 fr6ctu flavo Hort. 2 

S latifoUum Hort. S 



22. Phdus Dec. S Europe pl. 115. 709 

The Bird Cherry Tree. 
Trknut Vddut L. 
Sird Cherry^ Powl Ckerry. 
Hag-berrv, Scot. 
Ceritier a Grtmpet, MMtier h Grappet, 

Laurier-Putier or PuUet, Paut Bou de 

Ste. Lucie, Fr. 
Hag-bier, Swedish. 
Traubeden Kirtcke, Ger. 

Varietiee 5 - - 709 

1 ▼ulgaris Ser. 2 

C^ Vtdut Dec 

2 panriflora Ser, 1 

S rikbra Ser. ± 

C. T&dut/hictu rkbro Dec. 
4 bracteosa Ser. 11 - - 702 

23. virgjniana Michof. t Virg. f. 418. 710 
The Vfrslnian Bird Cherry Tree. 

Trkntu rkbra Ait. 
Prfijsiu argkta Bigelow. 
Witd Ckerry Tree, Amer. 

24. (v.) serdtina Lou, ¥ North America 

pl. 116. fig.419. 712 
The ltX»-floufering, or American, .Bird Cherry 
lYee. 
Vrkmu ter6tina WiUd. 
Pramu virginidna MiU. 

Variety I - - 712 

2 reti^ Ser. S 

25. (v.) Cap6Um Dec. *!t Mexico 

fig.420. 713 

The CapoUin Bird Cherrv Tree. 
Vrknut virginiina Flora Mexic. 



CONTENTS- 



liii 



Pa|i« 

26. (v.) canad^osis LoU. 1 Canada - 713 

n« Canadlan Bbd CbOTrr Tkm. 
Mf WUId. 



- 713 



87. Depal^nsis Ser. S — I Nepal 

Tb« Nepal Btnl ClMn7 Tvw. 



Specirf vfBird Chrrry Treet wkich kave «oivet bcen 
itUrodueed. ^ m - .714 

C. pttiicQUta I^. % 

Fr^mm pamcSita ThanlK 
C. ammhiiit» fyaU. ^ 
C. iii6Db Dougi. 2 
C. oaar^baiutM Ikmgl. A 
C mrtdda O. I>on._*f 

The Goat-kming Btnl Cbcrry Tree. 
THumt» eapriOda Will. 
Triauu wnduii/a Himiilt. 
C. mmdulita Dec. 
C. dUptica Lois. ¥ 

elSpUea Ttaunb. 



§ iii. La«roe^raM. 1 tt - 714 

28. losttiDica Lois. t Portugal 

pl. 117, 118. fig.421. 714 
The Portugal Laurei Cherry, or common Por- 
iUMl Laurei. 
PrttJMts tusitanica L. 
The Cherrv Bay. 
Axareirot Portuguese. 

Variety 1 - - 714 

2 Hixa Ser. 1 - - 714 

Pr&mw Hlxa Srouuonet. 
Trkuus muiiigtanduldsa Cvr. 

29. Laurocerasus Loit. m Asia Minor 

• fig.422. 716 
.Tfae Laurel Cheny, or common Laurei. 
Vrknus LaurocArasus L. 
Cherry Sof^ Cherry Laurd. 
Lasaner au Leut^ Laurier Anutndier, Fr. 
Kirsche Lorbeert Ger. 

FarieHes - - 716 

2 Tari^ata Hort. tk 
S angustifolia Sort. m 
Hartbgisi capinsis Hort. 

30. caroliniaQa Michx. t Carolina 

fig. 423. 720 

The CaroUna Bfrd Cheny Tree. 
Vrhnus carolinidna Alt. 
Vrknus se mp erv l rens WiUd. 
VdduscaroAuitna MiU. Dlct. 
WOd Orange, Amer. 

App. L Other Speeies of CSrasut. - 721 



uu. 



SwaRs. 



Bi 



Sect. II. SnRM^^M Dee. 67S. 721 

'\ FV^RSUIA Dec. • - - 672. 721 
Thb PuasHiA. 

Tigirea Pursh, mot qf Aubiet. 

trideotata Dec. A North America 

fig.424,425. 721 
Tba three-toothed-feaccd Purshia. 
Tigirea triderUHta Pursh. 



VII. KETRRIA Dec. « - 672. 722 

Tbi Ksaau. 

Viiibus L. 
. C6rchorus Thunb. 
Spine^a Camb. 

1. jap6nica Dtfc. A Japan fig.426. 722 
The Japan Kerrla. 

'tMhusjap^nieus L. 
Cdrchorus Jap&nicus Thunb. 
^ras^^ajap^nica Camb. 



Vin. 5PIR^^A L. A 

Tbb SpiajBA. 



- 672. 722 



Spir^e, Fr. 



Spierstaude, Ger. 

§ i. Physocdrpoa Camb. A - 723 

1. opulifolia L. a North America 

fig.427,428. 723 
The Guelder.Roie-IeaTed Spiraea, or Virginian 
Gueider Rose. 

Nine Bark, Amer. 

Variety A - - 723 

t tomentella Ser. A 



2. capitita Ph. A North Araerica 

Th0 cqpltitte-corymM 8pine^«. 
6. opmHfbtia var. Hook. 



- 723 



3. monogyna Torrey. %. N. America 723 

Th* moDOKjTUiiu Spinett. 

§ ii. ChameNtryon Ser. A Jt . 724 

4. chamaedrifolia L. a Siberia f. 429. 724 



The Germander-leaved Spinea. 
S. cantoniinsis Lour. 

Varieties A 

1 Tulgdris Camb. A 

2 m^a Pursh. A 

3 oblongifolia Camb. A 

S. obkm^Ua Waldst. 

4 subracemosa Ser. tt 

5 incisa Hort, dl 

? S. Ai«Ua Thunb. 



- 724 



5. (c.) tilmifolia jS^(?op. A 

The Blm-leaved Splnea. 

S. chanuedrv^iia Jacq. 

Variety A 
8 phyllintha Ser. A 



Carinthia 
fig.430. 724 

- 725 



6. (c.) flexudsa Fisch. 
The flexible-&raiM;Aetf Sj 



S. alplna Hort. 



Spiri 



7. (c.) cratsgifdlia Lh. 

TlM Cntaigu-lMTed SpinBa. 



- 725 



- 725 



8. (c.) detulsfdlia Pali. m N. Amer. 725 

The Birch-leaTed Spinea. 
? S. corymifbsa Raf. 
? S. cratiegifdiia Lk. 

9. clina Wlaldst. et Kit m 

nie ho»ij4etmd SpinM. 

10. trilobata X. tt . 

The three-lobed-feavf if Spirca. 
S. trfU)ba Don*8 9011. 



Austria - 725 
fig.431. 725 



Vi 



IV 



CONTENTS. 



Pan 

n. alpina PaU. A Siberia fig. 432. 726 

Tbe Siberian alpine Spinea. 

12. ^ypericifdlia Dec» a Europe and 

America - - fig. 433. 726 

The Hvpeiicum-Ieaved Spirea. 
AwiricumfrUUx Hort. 
lUuian May. 

VarieHet. M 

1 ural^nsis Ser. A - - 726 

S. crenita L. 

S. hypericifdlia Camb. 

2 Plukenettdna Ser. A . 726 

S. hy/fericifbUa L. 
8. h. 9ar. fi Dec. 

3 acikta Ser. Sk - Eg. 434. 727 

S. acutijolia WOId. 
S. iibirica Hort. 
S. ambigtta Pall. 

4 crenaU Ser. A . iig 435. 727 

S. obovAta Waldst. et Kit. 
S. b. y Dec. 
S. cra»Ata L. 

5 sayr&nica .S'.»-. A fig 536. 727 

S. eavrdnita Besser. 

S. crendta Pall. 

S. h. var. /9 longifblia Led. 

6 Bessertana Ser. A - . 725 

S. crenltta Besser. 
S. savrdnica /3 Besseriiana Don*s 
Mill. 

13. (A.)/halictrdMe8Pa^. a Dahuria 

fig.437. 727. 

Tbe Meadow-Rue-/^aiwief Spinea. 
S. aquaegifolia Pall. 

14. pikowi^nsis Besser. A Podolia - 728 

The Plkow SplnM. 



15. ceanothifolia Jlom. A 

The CcanothuA-taaved Spteu. 



- 728 



16. corymhdsa Ri^. » Vjrg. f. 438. 728 

The cor]rmbose-/owtfrti^ Spirsea. 

Variety ji - - 728 

2 sororia jt 

S. sorbria Pcnn^- 

17. tncciniif&lia D.Don. at Nepal 

fig.439. 728 
The Vaccinium-Ieared Splrsa. 

18. b^lla Sinu. A Nepal fig. 440. 729 
Tfae beautlftil Spinea. 

§ iiL Spirhria Ser. A . . 729 

19. «alicifolia L. a Siberia fig.443. 729 

"*■ Willow-leaved Spiraej 
Spiree^afriitex HorT. 



20. tomentoaa L. m Canada f. 444. 7^ 

The downy Spiri 



The Willow-leaved Spiraea. 
Spiree^afriitex HorT. 
Sridetoort, Qttcen'$ Keedie-toork. 



Varieties Sb 

1 carnea Ait. A f. 443. 

2 alpestris PaR. A 

S paniculkta Willd. Sk 
L. dtba Ehrh. 

4 latirdlia WWd. A f. 441. 

S. obovita Raf. 

S. caroinifiMa Willd. 

5 grandiflora a f. 442. 

S. gramdifibra Lodd. 



729 



21. laevigata L. m Siberia fig. 445. 731 

The smooth^^ovetf Spiraea. 
S. altaic^neis Laxm. 
S. aitdica PaU. 

22. arisfdlia Smiih. A North America 

fig.446,447. 731 
The White-Beam-tree-Ieared Sptriea. 

§ iT. Sorharia Ser. A v. - 731 

23. «orbifdlia L. m Siberia fig.448. 731 

The Sortms-leaTed Spirca. 
S. pinnitia McBnch. 

Variety tt. . . 732 

2 alpina FiaU. n. 

8. gramdiflbra Hort. Brlt. 
S. FaOhAx Don'$ MiU. 

App. i. Spedes or Varietiea of Sptret^a nat 
yet introduced. A . 732 

8. ntmeJ O. Don. di 

8. ckam^dtifMiaJafamie» Blame. 
5. i"~«*^fi-fl Poir A .1 

8. nvfatw Mutit. S 
5. Tbunb<iiK« Bh«M S 
8. maKcUittica Poir. A 
8. itp&ait* StA. m 
8. MmxlisU Uook. fl 
S. DooffUurii' Hook. A 
S. eadUm. Thu»b. fll 

S. exptbu* Wall. 
8. carnUMen* Fotr. ih 
S. dtooolar Pmnk. A 



Sect. III. Potenti'llxjK «/«««. . 733 
iDry&deet Vent.) 

IX. iZU^BUSL. a «lJ jt ju julJ 

672. 733 
Thb Bbamblb. 

Ronce, Framboisier, Fr. 
Himbeere, BrombeerstrauA, Ger. 

§ i. ZjeavegpinnatefOfS — TLeaflett. A Jfc 735 

1. suberectus Anders. A Britain 735. 746 

Tbe sub-erect Bramble. 
K. nessinsis Hall. 
R. piicdtus W. et K. 
R. corytifhlius Wablenb. 

2. afflnis Weihe et Nees. Jk Germany 735 

The reUtcd Kamble. 

R. coUinut Dec. 7 

R. m(Hdu4 Smlth >acoordlng te LtaHlle;. 



K. pUedtut Bams 

Variety 

S Imctedsus Ser. 
R. •, r, et « W. ct N. 



- 735 



- 785 



3. fisBus LindL Jt Britain 

The dflft Brunble. 

R. Jiutigiiau» LindJ. Sfoag»., ed. 1., not of Wcjhe 
— ■■ Nr" 



4. micranthus D. Don. A Nepal 

fiff. 449, 450, and 450 a. 735, 736 

sroall-flowered Bramble. 



The 



R. pauciflbrus Ltndl. 



CONTENTS. 



Iv 



5. dbUns Z>. Don, A Nepal 

Brwnbl*. 
D. Don. 



Ptff* 
736 



6. strigdsus Miehx. ift North America 736 

Thc •trtpae BnmblCb 

R. ftnmM^vdmUmM Poir. 

7. occidentalis L. a North America 

fig. 4^1. 736. 746 

Tbe Western, or JifMrtcait, Bramble. 
R. ffirginidnus Hort. 
R. idS^fmuctn nigro DiU. 



8. 4qier D. Bon. A Nepal 

I «U fwtf0M Bimmble. 



737 



9. ids^usl.. A Europe, Asia, Africa, and 

America - - fig. 452. 737. 746 
Tbe Xount Ida Bramble, or common Ratpberry. 
R. firambiesiinus Lam. 
Ganeine Brombeere, Ger. 
Batos idaia, Greek. 
Ratpity Framboitet Htnde-herrf/^ Gerard. 

Varietie* A - - 737 

With red fruit. A 
With jreUow fhiit. A 
Wlth white fhiit. A 
8 microphjrllus Wanr, A 
Varicties coltivated ia British 
Gardens. 

$ iL lAoct» digitate, of 3 — 5 Leafleta. 
A Jk t. - 738 

10. ladniatus W. Jk .... f.453. 738. 746 

The catrleaved Bramble. 

11. cfle^siufl L. ^ North-eastern Asia 

fiff. 454. 739. 746 

Tbe f^ny Brunble, or Detoberry. 

Varieties Jc - - 739 

2 arv^nsis WaUr. Jt 

R. pseddo.ae'$ius WeUie. 

3 grandiflorus Ser. Jk 

4 parrifolius Waar. Jk f. 455. 

5 foliis vari^atis Jlort. Jk 

12. hlrtus W. et K. Ji Hungary - 739 

Thebaiqr Bnmfalew 

B.«aa<— Ait. 

R. «teMf ■«»« BrtL 
R. ll^»niiu VflL 

IS. Spreng^Us Weihe. Jk Germany - 740 

Spmnlli Bmnbl». 
Jl. vmMmw nccf. 
R. vU6tm$fi wmt/imiu 8«r. 

14. dumetorum W. et N. Jk Britain 740 

lofTUckcu. 



- 740 



folioldsus Don. Jk Nepal 

ntlaflMT Btaoablc. 

R. mdermph^u* Doa. 



flagelUris WJBd. Jk North America 740 

Tht Rod4ikc. «r JtaMMT, BMnble. 

Variety jk - - 740 

3 fai£nn1s &t. ^ 
R.faAnrffWIIM. 



Pagc 

17. corylifolius Smith. Jk Europe 

fiff.457. 740.746 

The Hazel-Ieayed Bramlue. 
R. vulgdrit W. & N. 
R. nemorosus Ucyne. 

Varietie» -* - - - 740 

2 canus Wallr. Jk 

3 glandulosus Wallr. Jk 

R. glandulbsus Spreng. 

British kinds of Ailbus which, according 

to Dr. Lindley, may be associated with 

B. corylifMius 5m., either as reUted >pe- 

cies, or as Tancties : — - . - /41 

B. macrophyllus W. ei N. 

The large-Ieaved Bramble. 
Jl. earpinif5Uus W. et N. 

The Horn beam.IeaTed Bramble. 
B. ftisco-iter W. et N. 

The brownish-black Bramble. 
B. Kbhleri W. et N. 
Kohler*s Bramble. 
B. glanduldsus Smith. 

The glandulous-6rf's<lAl Bramble. 
B. rildis W. et N. 
The rough Bramble. 
R. echinitus Lindl. 
B. diversifblius Lindl. Synops. ed. I. 
The diverse-leaved Bramble. 
R. diversifclius W. et N. 

1 8. (c. ) agrestis Waldst. et Kit. -* Hung. 741 

The Ftdd Bnmble. 

19. spectdbilis Ph. a Noith America 

fig.458. 741.746 
The thawy-Jlotpered Bramble. 
R. r&i/J/ft» WiUd. 

20. ulmifoHus Schott. Jk Gibraltar - 741 

Tbe Ebn-lcafved Bramble. 

21. lAnkidnu» Ser. Jk 742 

Llnk'a Braroble. 

R. fdn<CTil(UM Schlccbt. 

22. fruticosus L. Jk Europe 

fig. 459. 742. 746 
The shrubby Bramble, or common BtadAerry. 
R. discolor and R. abr^ptus Lindl. Synops., 
ed. 1. 

Varietie»jk - - 742 

2 pompdniu» Ser. Jk f. 460. 

E./irutiodsus ) W. et N. 

3 tatiricus Hort. Jk 

4 flore rosea pleno Bamn. Cat. Jk 
The double pluk-flowered BramUe. 

5 foliis variegcitis Jk 

The variegated-IeMved Bramble. 

6 leucocirpus Ser. jk 

7 in^rmis Ser. Jk 

8 dalrodticus Ihxtt. Ro». Jk 

9 c6ncoIor Wallr, Jk 
10 glandulosus WaUr. Jk 

11 rhamnifbUas W.^N.Jk 
Tbe Backtbani4«eiMrf Bniable. 

R. eari^fNka Undl. ? Welhe. 
IS leuc6stachys Schl. Jk 
The «blte-epbed Bramble. 

JI. tomenl&eiM WtOu. Jc ^- 461. 745 

R.f»aasfi!kea»WHht.Jk - 74S 

R. fflicf&llns ITcM». Jt - 74S 

R. M4>k{IW«<he. Jc -748 

R. ScblechtendAhlti Wdhe. Jk • -748 

R. Sehle^herl WeOie. .JC - - 743 

Jl. hdnrkliu ITcMr. Jk • - 748 

A. nMdm Wtlkt. Jk • - 743 

R. rnbricaaiU Witht.jt - 745 



Ivi 



CONTENTS. 



- 744 



- 744 



S9. «&netus Sekrdf. Jk East 

Tba bol V Bnmble. 

24. can^scens Dec. A Italy 
Thcgnj BnmUe. 

25. seCosus Big. Jk North America - 744 

Thc britHy riw wi ttl Bnmble. 

26. argiitus XJ(. Jc North America - 744 

27. cuneifolius PA. Jkf^ N. America 745 

Thc wadffc-ahawcd-lMilctad Bnmbto. >• 



28. Mspidus X.. Jk Cauada 

The hlHrfd^ttowmrf Brambl*. 
R. MvihlU Michx. 
R. vrsetfmtau MOhL 
VLjlagtmrit Willd. 

29. lanugin^sus Steven, 7jk 

Th« woott7 Bnmfale. 

30. canad^nsis L. Jk Canada 

ThA Canadiin firambla. 



fig.46S. 745 

CaucBsus 745 
- 745 



§ iii. Leaves lobed, noi pinnaie or digitaie, 

A . - 745 

31. odoratus L. A North America 

fig. 464, 745. 746 
Tbe fweeC-acented Bramble. 
R. ocddent^ Hort. 

The Firginian Batpberryt The flowering 
Raepberry. 



32. nutkanus Moc. 



Califomia 
fig.404. 745,746 



The Nootka Sound Bramble. 

R. odoriUut Hort., not of L. 

App. i. Speeiee and Farietiea of 'RHbus beH 
deaerving of Ctdtivation in Britieh Gardens, 
a» omamental Shrubs - . 746 

App. iL Other Sort» of shrubbg Rubuses. 

ftl-J Jc Ui^ - - 746 

11. maerop^ut DoiV' SrS. flg.465. 
H. delicidMU Torrejf 
R. OUiweui StHUh Jk 

? K. oorJSSnHua D. Don 
R. acominiitiu SmUk 

R. baMAmu D. Don 

R. reflteiu &T. )U L_l fiff. 466. 
R. iNolwctevf Ait. 

a. rooBf 61hu amiih A | | 

R. r. coxonkriiu Sknt A lJ Ag. «67. 

X. POTENXrLLA L. a j, . 747 

Thb P0TBNTIZ.LA, or Shrubby Cinqu^oil. 

l. fhiticosa L. A Europe fig. 468. 747 
The Shrubby PotentilU, or CinquefoiL 

Varieties. A jt 

2 dahQrica Ser. fl 

P. dakuHea Nettl. 
V.fndietoaa fi Lebm. 

3 tenuiloba ^ 

V.fmHoAM fi NfliU. 
P.JIorifrtfnda Punh. 
P. tem^6lia Schlochtend. 



747 
flg. 469. 748 



2. glabra Lodd. Jt Siberia fig. 470. 748 

llie glabrous Potentilla. 

V.frutictsa dlba Btuch. 



3. Saleedvif Steph. m- 

SaleaoTiua*! PotentiilaT 



Siberia - 748 



Sect. IV. Ro\km Dee. - 672. 748 

XL iJO^SA Toum. i^ m m n. 1 Jl_J 
«- i t. - - 672. 748 

Thb Rosb Trbb. 

Ehoddphora Neck. 
Rosier, Fr. 
Boienstockt Ger. 
Rocaceboom^ Dutch. 
Bosafo, Ital. 
Rosaty Spanish. 
Roseira, Tortuguese. 

§ l Ferbcet Lindl. A - - 750 
L ferox Lawr. a Caucasus fig. 47L 750 

1110 AeTcdj-prickled Rose. 
R. kamtsch^ica Red. 
R. kamschdUca fijiroa Ser. 
R. echinhta Dupont. 

Varietg A . . 750 

2 nitens lAndL. m 



2. (f.) kamtsch^ca VenL 



Tha Kantaehatta Rom. 



Kamtschatka 
fig.472. 750 



§ iL Braetedtee. m '- . 750 

3. bractekta Wendl. m China f. 473. 750 

The iiirgr-bracted Roee. 

Lord Macartney^s Rose. 

Varieties m . .751 

2 icabricalills LindL m 
R. b. Tira Ijoid, m 
R. b. fltoc plino Lodi. m 

4. (b.) microph^ila Roxh. m China 

. fig. 474. 

The imail-leafletcd Rose. 

Hoi-tong-hong, Ctdnese. 



751 
751 

751 
752 



5. (b.) involucrata Roxb. m Nep. f.475. 

Tha lavDlucred-«oryinM RoM. 
R. IJtuUt^oiA Tratt. Rot. 
R. pahittrit Baehuu 

§ iiL CinnambmecB Lindl. A .« 

6. lucida £/irA. A N. America f. 476. 

The ahiuing-leaved Roae. 

R. rwtra lHcida Rosdg. 

Rose Tttmeps. 

Rosier d FeuiUes de Frine, Tt. 

7. (L) nitida W. jt Newibundl. f. 477. 

lliegloHy^aatMid Row. 

R. HtdtUia. rVKKnu Thory. 
TKe droarf Labradar Ro»e. 

8. (L) /Japa Bosc. m N. Amer. f.478. 752 

Tho Turnip./rtttA9(f Rose. 
R. turgida Pera. 
R. iratinifbtia Dumont. 

9. Wo6dsit LindL i 

Wooda^B Row. 

R. latea nigra Vtaaw. 



752 



North America 753 



10. fnitetorum Bess. m Volhynia 

The Copplee Roae. 

11. carolina Z,. !!i Carolina - 

The Oarolina Rose. 

R. vtrainiitna Dn Roi. 
R. pahMrie Marah. 
R. anymtAbea Ehrh. 
R. ■riiiuv'tMiiitni Mlehs. 
R. audMnukam Red. 
R. Mro/MaiM Bigd. 



755 
753 



CONTENTS. 



Ivii 



p^ 



12. LindldTi Spreng. a North America 753 

UaOcjni CaroHMi RoK. 
R.UamLh>dI. 



R. omSM • Alt. 

R. eanOm /ImpSmdlifMa Andr. 



IS. parrifldni Ekrh, m N. Amer. f. 479. 75S 

TteanaO-flovcnd, «r Pammlnnian* Kqm. 
R. towfW* Mtih. 



R. 
R. 



Midn. 
fl<«Ait. 
BatefLKmt. 



Fariety jt 
% tttxn pldno Red. 

14./raxiiiifdtia Bork, A 



- 753 

I flg. 479. 

North America 
fig.480. 754 



Europe 
fig.48]. 754 



The Aih-leaTed Rom. 

R. virgimona MiU. DicC. 
B. Mfiida • SoL MSS. 
R. corymbbta Boec. 
R. aMna fi Alt. 
R. a^hta Ut^ Red. 

15. ciniiamomea BesL A 

The CI]iDamoD-«c«iKetf Ro6e. 
fLfitetmdtMnma Muncb. 
R. »M|^« Herm. 

16. mjalb Ae£r. * Swed^n 

HitMiyBaae. 

R. mMim Tl. D m. 

]L tftmadtttfiiM GtMlHI. 

R. oamMBto Bhrii. 

R. Lliiaiiminn Bng. BoC 

17. Dieknmaiia LindL A IreUnd - 754 



- 754 



18. ta6rica Bieh, 

TkrTi 



19. dahikrica PoiZ. 



Tauria 
Dahuria - 



- 754 

- 754 



5 iv. Pimpineaifilim Lindl. A ji - 755 
20. alplna L. m S. Europe fig. 482. 755 

The Alpine Roee. 

R. rt^tris Crsnti. 
R. mnuprDaca Gouan. 
R. fo^ti MiU. Dlct. 
R. haMda Vm. DMq»h. 
R. lagendria VUl. 
R. ^Utra Krok. 



Varieties dl 



- 755 



imnidkk Limtl. A 

tU fsrmUea Goaan. 

R. alrima Jacq. 

R.iyMdteKyok. 

R. tmrUmUm VU1. Dmiph. 

R. iWvbM 8 Dk. 

R.iUSi? 

R. o/fltaa eomMa DeiT. 

SpendallnaZ:^/. ih 

R. ptmimnmn Att. 
R. o. lirf{fMifl Scr. 

4 phnplnelliR^lia LhidL A 

R. «taiUirAM Bdl. 
R. pflgmH^ BMt. 
R. fiwrnHlaea /9 Sintth. 

5 lagenaria Ser. # 

6 •orUneUa 5«r. A 

7 hijpid^Ua S^. ft 

8 isMt &r., notf qfDetv. or Red. A 

fig. 483. 
n.SmmiimlsMm mtaM*, ^. DllL 
R.d>teairUftf«l)nT. 
R. m. nlf^rit Rcd. 

9 pyrif6rmis Ser. tt 
10 lethea Ser. A 

R. «. AirriM Detr. 

n t^dbtM Den. m 

Iw IWlriWfl tfMHgM DflfV- 

)9ikeUeb6rinaS£r. a 
13 pa^flola Ser. A 



14 turbinita De«v. A 

R. ln/nMW DaUtn., not of Alt. 
H. a.JlArefUmt Qodefror. 
R. a. tmfAMec Ser. 
R. iMMa iVatt. 



P»«« 



21. suivis rTiO^ A 

Th« gwMC Rote. 

22. acicuUris Lindl, 



Thc iiMdlc-: 
R.a/] 



Roiic. 

« aciiMteSer. 



fig. 484. 756 
- 756 

North America 
fig.485. 756 



23. lutescens Purth. A 

Tbe yellow ^mertieoM Rose. 
R. kUpida Curt. 

24. sulphurea AU. a Levant f. 486. 756 

The Bulphur-cofot(r«f-J2oir«rAf Roce. 
R. hemitphirica Herm. 
R. glaucaph^Ua Ehrfa. 
R. UdeaJbrepUmi Raj. 
R. IhteaBrot, 
The domUe ffeOoto Ro$e. 

25. spinosissima L, m Europe f. 487. 757 

Tne most ipiny, or Scotchy Rose. 
Varietiee 



26. hib6mica Smith, A Ireland 

Th« Iilih Roee. 

27. oxyadLntha Bith. A Siberia 

The ahaip-pricUed Roea.* 

28. samnuaorbifyolia D<m, 



- 757 

- 757 

- 757 

- 758 



R. ^lnofitWina var. eamgmttorbtfblia Undl. 
~ r. mta cr of kyU a 8er. 



sanguuorDi 

Thc BiBnet-laeTcd Roee. 
R. tpbuitttbHa var, 
R. i^NMteima niri 

29. grandiflora I.tiuiL A Siberia f. 488. 758 

ThB lai8»4owered Roee. 

JC flnvimeUifWa Bieb. 

30. myriadintha Dec. jk France f. 489. 758 

The invxiadprlcklcd Roee. 
R. parvifaHa PalL 
R.^>AirM/<<B!eh. 
R. tfimoiUtimia var. 9 m^/riaedmtha Smt. 



31. involiiU Smith. 

The iniMhite melalei R 
R. nlMiif Donn. 



Hebrides 



- 758 



32. rev^rsa Waldst. et Kit. A Hungary 758 

The nnmnBi-priekled Rom. .^ 



33. Sabint Woods. A 

Sahfaie^tRaw. 

R.Sa6M^LlndL 

34. Doniilna Woods. 

Don'«Roiie. 



Britain 



- 758 



Scotland - 758 



§ V. CentifiUiB Lindl. 



- 759 



35. daraascena MiU. A Syria f. 490. 759 

Hie Damascus, or Damadc, Rose. 
R. biJgiea MUl. Dict. 
R. caienddnrm Mimcb. 
R. b{fi:ra Polr. 
Bose d gtiatre Saitone^ Fr. 

Varietie» - - - 759 

36. centifoHaLm.* Caucasu8f.491. 7C0 

The hundred-petalod, Provence^ or Cabbage Rose. 
R. provindtili* MiU. Dict. 
R. jMOyAnthos RoMlg. 
R. atryophyUea Pofr. 
R. unguMculiita Dcsf. 
R. vdriam Pohl. 

f 



Iviii 



CONTENTS. 



Pace 
rarieties A - - - 760 

1 provineiMis MUL A 

The Provlnce, or Cabbaget Roiet. 

2 muscdsa MUL A fig. 492. 
The MoM Roses. 

S pompdnia Dec. A 
The PompoQe RoMt. 

4 bipinnita Red. tk 
37. e^lica L. a Europe fig. 493. 760 

The Frencb Rose. 

R. ceniifhUa MOl. Dict. 
R. aylvdtica Gater. 
R. rwra Lam. 
R. kolosericea Roufff. 
R. b^'ca BroC. Fl. Lus. 
R. bUBula Brot. 
Rose de Provim^ Fr. 
Euig Rose^ Ger. 



Fctrieties A jt 
2 piiinila Lindl. j» 
R. pimiZa L. 
R. ripens Munch. Hmmt. 
R. kitpida Munch. 
R. austriaea Crantz. 
R. ol^nqtica Donn. 

S arvina LindL ft 
R. arvina Krok. 

4 inap^rta Ser. A 
Tlie Vlhnorln Rose. 

5 A'gatha Red. A 
The Agatha Roie. 

6 in^rniis Ser. Sk 

7 parvifolia Ser. .ai 
Tlie Burgttndy Ro«e. 

R. parvtfdlia Ehrh. 
R. otcf^^ttiMAaca Roulg. 
R. rennlnsii Desf. 



- 761 



41. gr^s ^omff. m Britain - 

Thc ilcDdcr Roie. 

a.v</UMSmith. 

42. tomentosa Smith. A Europe - 

The tomentose, or urootfy-leavedt Soee. 
R. viUdsa Ehrh. 
R. molHssima BSrk. 
R. tftk^ia Wibel. 
R. vi;ad«a /9 Hudi. 

Variety A 
2 scabriiiscula S^m. A 
B^fet^iida Batard. 



763 



763 



- 763 



43. Sher&rdt Davies. m England 

BhanRfsRoM. 

R. mAgltibbitt Sm. 

R. to mt nt bt a eor. « i< q Woods. 

44. sylvdstris LindL 1k England 

llM Wood RoM. 

iiyfoiWrli Wooda. 



R. 



A Caucasus 



£494. 



- 762 



- 762 



38. pulch^Ua WiUd. ts. 

rhe neat Rose. 

§ vi. nB6$a. A o. . 

39. turbinata AU. a Gennany f. 495. 762 

The turUnate-colyxAf, or FranJ^fbrt, Rose. 
R. campantudia Ehrh. 
K. fraiteo/brtidna Munch. 
'R.firanq/urtineis Rotslg. 

VarieHee ft - . 763 

1 francofurtina Ser. A 
The Frankfort Rose. 

R. turbindta Red. 
R. campanuldta Ehrh. 
'R.francqfuridna Gmel. 
'EL.firancqfurt^nsis Desf. 

2 orbess^nea Ser. tt 
The Orbessan Rose. 

R. orbessdnea Red. 

40. villosa L. a Europe - - 763 

Ilie rlllouM-ieaved Rose. 
R. m^Uis Sm. 
R. tomentisa /9 Undl. 
R. heteroph^iia Woods in L. Trans. 
R.ptiA;A/tfa Woods. 
R. pom{fera Herm. 

Varieiies * «. - - 763 

2 resinosa Z«tnd/. n. 

3 pomifera Z^eso. A 

R. hispida Poir. 



45. m6Uis Led. 

The •oft4«mrf Row. 

R.Lerf*froAril 5^?«^. 



- 764 

- 764 

- 764 



46. &lba L. A Europe fig. 496. 

The common whlte Rose. 
R. usitaHuima Gat. 



Variety 
§ viL RubiginbM LindL A 



764 
764 



- 764 



47. l^tea Dodon. A Oermany f. 497. 765 

Tbe yellov Egkmtine Rose. 
R. Eglantdria L. 
B..fos'tida Herm. 
R. ehloropAi/aa Bhrfa. 
R. c^rea Rossig. 

VarietieB « . . 765 

2 subriibra /{edl. A 

3 punicea LindL A f. 498. 

R. ptcnlcfa MllL Dict. 
R. cm»a«n&OT^a Roth. 
R. /dffa l^color Jacq. 
R. Eglantdriaptmicra Red. 
R. Eglantdria Mco&>r. Dec. 

48. rubiginosa L. A Europe f. 499. 765 

The Tusts-leaeed Rose^ Sweet BHar^ or Eglan- 
tine. 
R. suavifhlia light. 
R Eglantdria MilL Dict. 
R. agristis Savi. 
R. rt(6igmd<a par9(/ldra Ran. 

^rte<ief ft A . . 765 

2 Vaillanttana Red. ft 
8 rotundifr>lIa I,r'tutt: A 

4 aculeatissima i)t«p. A 

5 nemorills Red, ^ 

6 umbellftta LmdL A 

R. temiltpfawiHAifa Mo'. 

R- r. Eglmti-rit cgtHbta Woo^ 

R. ttmpti viitnt Roth. 

7 pClbera Ser. A 

8 grandiflbra LiihdZ. A 

9 miior Ser. A 

10 splnuUfblia Ser. m 

11 flexubsa Lindl. Hk 
18 parvifblia Lindl. tk 
Garden Varieties. 



49. suav^olens PursH. 

Th«t 



N. America 766 



t-wcntcd Row.i4in*ricm SmitttBnar, er BglaiiUme. 
R. riiH^Mtea aod R. E(tHMMa qf»€ AmtrUamM. 



mm 



ww 



■MM 



CONTENTS. 



lix 



50. mieraatlia Sm. A Britain 

ThcmUI-flowcnd Rmc, or SitMl BHar. 
R. ntigtmdaa fi mienhtUM UuSl. 



PHcc 

- 766 



51. sepium ThuiL A Europe . 766 

ThcHerice Row. or Brimr. 
ILMMlieaaad 
R- m9nr<(/Ula UaU. 
R.(mtMiBDcc. 

" ' " It. MOFvafrpM, and R. aHpMUKf Mar. 

- 766 

53. riutindsa ^. .« Levant - - 766 

ThcdgaHqBoiK, cr Bri»-. 

». rMyuHlM crAies Rcd. 

»• mt^ m im «p k mw4rp a Dmr. 

54. Kliikii Begs. A Tauria - . 766 

SlMki's Rqw» or Si«w« Bnor. 
B. niUriaAM Bieb. 
R.Jbr&ii^ StCT. 

R.I 



52. iberica Stev, A Iberia 

Tbclfaaiaa 



55. Montezunkr Humb. 

RoaCf or Briar. 



Mexico . 766 



§ TiiL CanituB LindL II « tt. 1 767 

36. caaclsica Pall. m Caucas. f. 500. 767 

The CauGttian Dog Rose. 
R. kmcdniMa Bieto. 

37. caoiDa L. A Europe - - 767 

"nie commo n Dog Rofle. 
R. dmmdlis Bechst. 
R. OMdegao^u Bat. 
R. giauca Lols. 
R. ttnhuU Scfarank. 
R. gtoMciscen» and R. niten» Mer. 
R. ieneriffhuis Doim. 
' R. smticdsm Achar. 

Varietie». A 

2 surculosa Wboda. m . 767 

5 nuda Woods, a . . 767 

4 aciphynaLiiii£.A £501,502. 767 
R. aciph^Ua Rau. 

3 KgyptUca lAndL A . 

R. fndica Forsk. 

6 burboni^na Detv. Sk 

7 nitens Desv. A 

R. niiens DesT. 

8 obtusifolia Desv. A . 

R. obtusifhlia Desr. 
R. i^!«ic<ii«tAa Lois. 

9 glauc^scens Dewv. A 

R. glauciscen» DesT. 
R. canifMi glaAca Desr. 

10 ScbottianA Ser. A 

^ R. glauca Schott 

1 1 pilosidscula Den, A 

R. Admilis Bess. 
R. niHdula Bess. 
R.>^i(rd20MfarMfla Bess. 
R. coOkna Rau. 

12 fasUgiita Desv. A . 768 

tL/asiigitHa Bast. ^ 

^ R. s^/d«a /3 DesT. 

13 hispida Desv. A . 768 

R. canina var. lanceokitatgrandi~ 
denUita, and ovoiddtS DesT. 
R. omifjgar^M/s Bast. 
R. sem^rvirens Bast., Dotof L. 

14 microcirpa 2>eso. A . 768 

15 Meratiaiuz Ser. A . . 76S 

? R. biserratu Mcr. 



16 ambigua Dmo. A . . 768 

R. matmsmdiarinsis L^eune. 

1 7 squarrosa A . . _ 755 

R. canlna /3 Dlct. FI. Taur . 

18 rubiflora Ser. » - 7^8 

58. F6r8teri Sm. dl Europe . 768 

Fontcr'1 Dog Rom. 

R.coULM/9ctrWaods. 

59. dumetorum ThuiU. m Europe - 768 

TtM Tbicket Aw Rocc 

R. Umabieka fi atulifitta 
R. fjptwn BSrkb. 
R. MMtM^it 



England . 769 



R. eor!fmb(/bra Omti. 

60. bract^ens Woods. 

The bracCewcnt tktg Rom. 

61. sarmentAcea Swartz. fl Europe - 769 

Thc sannmtaccoiu Dog Rom. 
R^glameapkjiUam^ 

™^M %^9WwmwU^a 



- 767 

- 767 
. 768 

- 768 



- 768 



- 768 

- 768 



62. cap«ia Sm. m Sootland 

TheRrcy Om Rom. 

R. OBlrilM 

R. MnliM 



R. OBiJiM miMtetaa Afk. 
liM r eaMa Llndl. 



63. Borreri Woods. 



Britain 



Bomi^tDogKcmB, 

R. dumeiAnm 8m. 

R. rubigimdaa fi LtndL 

R. nbQ%itd§a inodira Hoek. 

? R. f^Mn Bflrkh., not of Thnlll. 

R. qff%«U Ran. 

R. WKtii^Xla )9 ~ 



- 769 



- 769 



2 hispidula Ser. A 

. cf miam^mM WmIm Dcrfl 



64. rubrifdlia VUl.m S.Europef.503. 769 

The red-leaTed Dog Rose. 
R. muUifidra Reyn. 
R. rubictinda Hall. 
R. Uvida Andr. 
R. CMmaiRamca y rubrifMia Red. 

Varieties. ft . . 769 

ISDi 

3 Redout^a Ser. 

4 in^rmis &r. Sk 

5 pinnatlfida 5tfr. A 

R. r, nn)i/i«t6iM.ooM« and R. imonMim «r- 

mrnihM /r^ttftrw Scblcch. 
R. emina g/a6dM Dmt. 

65. indica L. m China fig. 504. 770 

The Indian, or common China, Rose. 
R. sinica L. Syst. Veg. 
R. sempeirfldrens cdmea Rosslff. 
R. indica chininsis semiplina Ser. 
R. reclimllafibre stibmuMplici Red. 
The monUUy Rose, the blush China Rose, 
ths Tea-scented Hose. 

Varieties m X - . 770 

2 Noisettiana Ser. m f. 505. 
The Nolsette Rose. 

Subvarieties. 

purpi^rea Red. 
nlTea Hort. 
Sraithtf Hort. 

3 odoratlssima LindL m f. 506. 

The sweetest, or Tea, scented China 
Rose. 
R. odoraHssima Swt. 
R. indicafrdgrans Red. 

4 longifolia Lindl. m f. 507. 771 

R. longifbUa Wilid. 
R. semperjl&rens var. 7. N. Du 
llain. 
^ R. saUcifbUa Hort. 

5 pumila Z.ind7. m 

6 caryophyllea Red. m 

f2 



Ix 



CONTENTS. 



i. -* fc. 772 
- 772 



Paflt 

7 pannosa Red. A 

8 cru^nta RetL tk 

9 Fraseriaiia Hort. Brit. m 

10 riiga LindL X 

1 1 ochroleiiea Boi. Reg. m 
The yellow Ckima Rom. 

66. semperfldrensCttrf.» Chinaf.508. 771 

The eTer-flowering China Rose. 
R. difKrtifiMa Vent. 
R. hengaUiui» Pers. 
R. tfMtfca Red. 

67. Lawrencoina Swt. s. China f. 509. 772 

«JM Lawicnoc'» CMna Rom. 

R. «nMec^UyvM «tTirfMa Slms. 
R. <uMea vmr. a aeumimAia Rcd. 
R. rii^jca I«i*r«iK«kiia Red. 

§ iz. SyshfUt Lindl. A 1 Jl _ 

68. sf styla J9a<. 1 ^ France 

nic coiu»te^l«d Row. 
R. caUkna Sm. 
R. 4«mUm Dcct. 
R. bmOMa Dk. F1. Fr. 
R. UfrrodSMa Dec. 
R. «g^yia • ovtfa Lind]. 

69. anrensisflwdi. .A -* Britain f. 510. 772 

The Field Ro«e. 

R. »ifi»i*trit Hem. 

R. tdtndem Moench. 

R. herp4rhodon Ehrh. Beitr. 

R. H^Oieri Krok. 

fi.fuaca Mcench. 

R. s^rpens Ehrh. Arbor. 

R. tempervlreni Roeilg. 

R. ripens Gmel. 

R. rampam Reyn. 

rart«<ie» d Jt - - 772 

2 ayreshirea iSer. J Jc 

R. capreoldta Neill. 

3 hybrida ZiiuU. .1 Jc 

70. (a.) sempervirens X. i_ t. S. Europe 

fig.511. 773 

The erergreen (Field) Rose. 
R. scdnden» MUl. Dict. 
R. baledrica Deef. 
R. atrovirens Viv. 
R. sempervlrens globbsa Red. 
R. «mipfTvlraM var. * scandens Dec. 

VarUtie» JL l_ Jk »- - - 773 

2 Russellidna JL Jc 

3 Ciaret Bot. Reg. JL Je 
The Rose Clore. 

4 Lescbenaultici na Red. fl.t« 

71. multifldraTAund.l Japanf.512. 773 

The many-flowered Rose. 
R.jld«aDonn. 
R.fl6rida Poir. 
R. tfC^M Roxb. 

Farieftef - - 774 

2 GreTillet Hort. 1_1 f.5I3. 

R. JSorftuyyAii HoW. 
R. plah^hylla Red. 

3 Russelltana X 

4 Boursaiiltt Hort. 1 _l 

72. Brunonti Lindi. 1 Jk Nepal - 775 

Brown'8 Rose. 

R. BrMen^ Spreng. 



73. raoschata MUl. 1 -* Barbary 

fig. 514. 775 

Tbe Musfc Rose. 

R. opsost^nnna Bhrh. 
R. gUmdn^ftra Roxb. 

rarietieB 1 - - 775 

2 fldre pldno G. Don. X 

3 nivea LindL X fig. 515. 

R. MltKM Dupont, ooc of Dee. 
VLm.r var. tbsea Ser. 

74. rubifolia R. Br. m North America 

fig.516. 776 
The Bramble-leaTed Rose. 

Fariefy Jk - - - 776 
3 fenestralis LindL Jk 
Vi. fenestrdta. 

§ X. BamksikDas Lindi. X - - 776 

75. sinica Ait. X China f. 517. 776 

The Irififliaie-leaved China Rose. 
R. trifolidta Bosc. 
R. temdta Poir. 
R. cherohednsis Donn. 
R. nivea Dec. 

76 BknksieB R. Br. 1 China f. 518. 777 

Lad^ Banks's Rose. 

R. Banksihnsi AbeL 
R. inSrmis Roxb. ? 

rariefyl - - - 777 
2 liitea LindL X fig. 519. 

77. microdlrpal4mtf.l Chinaf.52e. 777 
Ilie smaU.flrulted Rose. 
R. <ymd«a Tratt. 

App. i. Hardy Speeies of the Gernu Rdao' 
not yet introdueed, - - 778 



R. n^bnntmb. 



R. hjtau Xiadl. 



S l Ferhces. 

\ ii. BracUdUe. 
\ iii. CAmomdmetf. 



- 778 

- 778 

- 778 



Jt.UnJUte. 

IL inttauiikiia Aisw. 

A. Mngiricm £■*■<«. 

Jl. aristltu Lapty. 

H. macxopb^lla. fig. Atl. 

\ iT. PimpineUiifbttm. 

R. CandoUdkM Don*! lClll. 

R. niM/ii Lindl. 

R. «^iuiHla Rotb. 

R. a/*iM PaU. 

R. po/Mj^to WlUd. 

R. alpfita fur. rabMa Ser. 

R. CoitdofMiis pAMbila Rcd. 

R. CandaOikak ^Ugam T\tm. 
R. ttkn. WickM. 
JL Timlnea Lindl. 
Jt. WebbUna WaU. 
Jl. redinits Jlml. 

\ r. CentifbUiB. 

R. pgttBUtM BUb. 

R. kaSnapbfna WUld. 

R. Tercc^nda ITails. 

? R. i€mu uttn a var. 

\ tI. vaibsm. 

R. bii^da Poir. 

R. vllMiia var. pomi/^a Detr. 
R. fcrebinthkon Bu*. 



778 



- 778 



778 






CONTENTS. 



Ixi 



§ tU. Rtib^giHbsm. 



Page 

778 



M. 
M. 
M. 
M. 
M. 
M. 



na. 



Priem' 



t^ 



L^j€9Uttm 



M. WUUcBfrni SpMOS. 

JLl 



STlii. C^i«4ff. 



778 



«.Gwfinf 
R.. 

JLbikkaJuL 
«.JsadsflUi 
X.tartiiieDA 
C. 

X. Krtca iMrf/. fis. 
Brai. 



58S 



9 ix. S$»lykB. 



ft iiiitiilii nni«tfn-Ti fi|c. 593. 

/ A. Bmntaft w. napaUSntU M. Jl«. 

E.I 



JLhJttdxXMdl. fl|.5S4. 



779 



- 779 



App.iL Half.hardy Spectet of the Geniu 
Roea, not yet introduced. - 779 

{ iT. PimpineUifhlue. 



fTiii. Canhue. 



Lbtil. 



$ X. BanJtsUOM. 



779 



779 



779 



M. mfaw wwtWi 
ft.ttJpb|UiRaib. 

?R.' 
itft n pBiKfl a t»3w. 



App. iii. Uneertain Spedee of Rd«flu 779 

App. iv. i< pmeHeal Arrangement of Roeee 
u oefttfi/ CulHtfatwn in the Nursery of 
Meure, Rivers and Sony Sawbridffeworth, 
Hertfordehire, - - - 779 



Pagc 
Sect. V. Po^MBA LindL - 672. 813 

XIII. CRATiE^GUS Lmdl. 2 1 f lJ 
l^ Am «-J fig.672. 813 

Tbb Thorn. 

Crattegut and Mdipiiue ep. L. ond 

otheri. 
N4/Ker, AUsier, Auhipine, Fr. 
Dom, Uxbeer^ MiepUy Ger. 
Doom, Dutch. 
Spino^ lUl. 
Eepinot Span. 



XII. LO^WE J Lindl. Jt . 

Tbs Lowba. 

RdM sp. PalL 

1. 6er6mfolia Ltni/. m — I 

The BertMTry-leBTed Lowea. 
BAm whatpUeifblia Sal. 
IU«a berbery^fo FaU. 



. 812 



Persia 

fig.594. 813 



Varietiaa jo. — I 
1 gUbra Ser, jm — i 
S Telutiiia Ser. jm — I 
3 Redoute^na Ser. m 

R. berberl/5A'a Red. 

R. simpUcifilia Sal. 



. 813 



§ i. Cocdneei. % 



- 816 



1. coccineaL. 5E North America pL 119. 

fig.564.inp.85L - -816 

Hie tcarlet-yv^ted Thom. 
C. arsiivdlis Boofch. 
M^spitus (tstivdUs Walt 
li^sptlus coednea lUU. 
Thomieu Americon Anarole. 
Kifiier icarlaU, Fr. 
Sckarlachroihe Mispel, Ger. 

VarieHes 2 - - - 816 

2 oorillina 5^ f. 565. in p 852. 

C. oordUina Lodd. 

C. pyr^f6rmis of some coUectlons. 

3 indentAta 1 f. 566. in p. 852. 

C. indentdta Lodd. 

4 m&xima Lodd, ^ 

C. c. spinbsa Qodetrcj. 
C. rjial^Udta Hort. 

2. glandulosa JK. !lt North America 

pl. 120. fig. 567. in p. 853. -817 

The glandular Thom. 

? C. sasuiuinea PaU. 
? Vl^spihu rotundifbUa Ehrh. 
F^rus gtanduldsa Moench. 
C. rotund&bUa Booth. 

ranrfiw 3! - - 818 

2 succulenta Fisch. t 

Mfspilus succuUnta Booth. 

5 subvilfosa 1t t 550., and f. 568. 

in p. 853. 
C. subviUdsa Flsch. 

§ii. PunctdUe. 1 - - 818 

3. punctata^i^. I^ North AmericapL 124. 

fig. 569, 570. in p. 854. - 818 

The dotted-^Vwcled Thom. 
C. Crus-gdUi Du Rol. 
VLispiUis cuneifbUa Ehrh. 
lAispUus punctdia Llnk. 
MispUus cdmifoUa Lam. 

Varietie» 3e - - 818 

1 TxibrtLPursh H fig.569. in854. 
C. edidis Ronalds. 
. 2 riibra stricta Hort. S 
C. p. striota Ronalds. 
3 aiirea Purth *t fig. 570. in 
p. 854. 
C. p. Jldva Hori. 
C. d^cis Ronalds. 
C. ediUis Lodd. 
C. pentdgynajtdva Godefiroy. 



' 



:] 



I 

^ 1 



t i 



!] 



il 



t 

tl 
\\ 
r 






Ixiv 



CONTENTS. 



- 83S 
or Glatiomburjft 



- 8S4 



25 praE(*cox Jffort. 5£ 
The eax\j-Jlowering 

Thorn. 

26 monogyna H. 

C. moii4sy"<' ^*^' 

27 ap^tala IxxW. * - -834 

28 liicida 1 - - - 8S4 

29 capitkta Smith of Ayr. SJ - 834 
80 flexuosa Smith of Ayr. 5 835 

5 xiU. ParvifhliiB. S - - 841 

25. parvifblia Ait. • North America 

f. 557., and f. 614. in p. 867. - 841 
The Bmall-leaved Thorn. 

fAispihu axmdrU Pen. 
JAitpihu tomenl6sa Poir. 
ta.dMoOuM sanihocdrpo* L. 
^ispilui parvif&lia yfaU. 
C. tomentdialj. 

C.JUrida^ and C. tmedris Lodd. 
* Gooseberry-leaved Thom. 

Varieties * - - 842 

2 fl6rida A fig. 558., and fig. 61S. 

in p. 867. 
C.JIdrida Lodd. 

3 grossulariiefolia A fig. 559., and 

fig. 616. in p. 867. 

26. virginica Lodd. a Vir^nia fig. 660., 

and fig. 615. in p. 867. - - 842 
The Virg&lan Thom. 
C. virgimuna Hort. 

§ xiv. Mexicdna. t — I - - 843 

27. mexicana Moc. etSeMse.t -J Mexico 

pl. 154. fig. 617. in p.867. - 843 
The Mexican lliom. 
C. sHpuldcea Lodd. 

5 XV. Fjfraedntha. • • _l - 844 

28. Pyrac&ntha Pert, • South Europe 



The fienr Thom, or Prracantha. 
Mdspilus Furacdntka L. 
Evergreen Tkom. 
JStoiMO» ardeni. Fr. 
Immergrline MispeL, Ger. 



fig.561. 844 



Fariety B 

2 crenulata * — I 

C. crenuldta Roxb. MSS. 
'Uispilus crenuldta D. Don. 



- 844 



• § xvL Glauca, 1 - - 844 

29. glaiJca WaU, i. Nepal f.562, 563. 844 
•nie glaacoua-fcawrf evergreen Thoro. 

App. i. Synoptis of the Species of Cratat^gut 
growing, in 1836, i» the HorticuUural 
Society*» Garden. - . - 845 



App. iL AddHionalSpeeietofCratagus. 848 

« i. Leavet toothed, or nearlg entire, neoer regubtrlf 
' lobed. ± - - M« 

C. MlMplnftM Dee. 

iL^rUtu tuhtpimbta VmL 
C. prMuUc(%IU Botc ^ 
C. UtifbUa Ptn, ^ 
C. llexudM Poir. 
C. alptau MiU. DUt. $ 
C. 16IM Palr. 
C. paacdflini Per». 
C. uoUatcrUis Per». 
C. Iftdda MiU. Dttt. $ 

^ il. Leaves various^ lobed, or cut. £ - 848 

C. tuiliinkU Pweh. 

C. p«itA«yna WMtt. et KU. $ 

C. ^yrttfiitjrla Ping. 

C. ladnl&U l>ec. 2 

C. UBTifC^ Dtc. 

M^pilut ImflgUa Poir. 

C. PoiretfUiia Occ. T 

MApilM llmMt Poir. 
C. peetin^a Bow. 
C. trifoUiita Awc. 
C. qainqueloUta Bow. 
C. motI^ Atfc. 
C. oboTkta Botr. 

C. flaT^MHU BMtf. 

C. flabdlkU Bete. $ 

C. Iftcida latif&Ua Boll. Cat. ^ 

C. Iftdda mMla BoU. Cat. $ 

App. uL Alphabetical Litt of Sorts of Cra- 
t4B^gut in the Arboretum ofMettrt. Loddigety 
atgiven in their Catalogue, \6th ed., 1836; 
with tome Additiont, tahenfrom. the Nainet 
placed againtt Plantt in their Nurtery, bui 
not in the Catalogue ; referred to the Spedet 
and Varietiet of Cratetgut at given m thit 
Work, - - - - 848 

App. iv. Alphabetieal Litt ofthe Speeiet and 
Farietiet of Cratagut detcribed in the 
Arboretum Britannicum, vrith the Nasnet 
vhich are appended to the Specimen Ptanit 
of thete Sortt in ihe Arboretum of Metsrt. 
Loddiget - - - - 849 

XIV. TUOTVmA Lindl, li-J i-i 

673. 868 

The Photinia. 

Cratof^gus sp. L. 

1. sernilata Lindl, i- —i Japan 

pl. 155. 8e8 

Tlie serrulated-fedwed Photinia. 
Crat^^^gtu gldbra Tliunb. 
Sirantvai^slk LMU. 

2. arbudfolia lAndl, t — J Califomia 

fig.619. 868 

The Arbutos-leaved Fhotinia. 

Crata^gus sa-butifma kit. • 



3. integnfdlia lAndl, 1 — 

The entire leaved Fhotinia. 

Y^rus integirrima Wall. 



. 868 

Nepal - 869 



4. diibia Un^, t lJ Nepal - 
The doubtlUl Fhotinia. 

VUspUus bengaUnsi* Roxb. 
lA4spHus tinctbria D. Don. 
Crotaf^gus Shicdla Ham. MSS. 



- 869 



r 



'•'W?"^^*»»' 



CONT£NTS. 



Ixv 



Aj^ L JjMciet of I^oHnia not yti intro- 

dmctd. - - 869 

P. bwigaMnri» Watt. 
P. Sleb61di< Don'i HUl. 

UdgpOm Sieb&ua Bktm. 
P. IsVU &. 

Croftr^lfw U^ Hiunb. 
P-TlDtemDee. 

Crvte^^ni» rOAM Tbunb. 

XV. COTONE A'STER Med. 5 1 • • 

673. 869 
Tn CoTOMBAmm. 

5 L Xeove» deeidtunu, Shrubt. A - 870 

L Yulgaris Lindl, A Europe f. 620. 870 
Tbe conunon Cotoneatter. 

M^mlus CaUmedUer L. 
VijUer ooUmmeut, Fr. 
Qmitte» Mitpel^ Ger. 

rariefie* « - . . 870 

1 erythroe&rpa X«dL A 

2 melanocdrpa Xed A 
S deprdasa JWet. di 

8. (▼.) toiiientosa Xtiutf. « Switzer. 870 

Tte toinentote, or tMW%, CoConeuter. 

M^l^paitt iomenideo Wllld., noC of Lam. 
tUapam erwcdrpa Dec. 

3. (t.) laxiflora «Toc^. a 

fig.621, 622. 870 
Tb* looM-Oowered Cotooeeiter. 

5 ii Sabtverffreen or deeiduous. TaU SkrubBf 
or hw Treet. 1t 1 - - 871 

4. frSgida WaiL t Nepal pL 156. 871 

The frlgld Cotoneester. 
Y^rue Ndsda Ham. 

5. (f.) affiniB Lindl. 1 i Nepal 

pL 157. 871 

The lelated (to C. frigida) Cotoneeater. 
M^ptZw imiegirrima Ham. MSS. 

6. acuminata LindL t t Nepal 

pl. 158. 872 
The aamdnafiedFHeavecf Cotoneaiter. 
Mi^spOM ocwncnate Lodd. 

7. mimnralariaZrtm//. 3^ Nepal pLl59. 872 

The monej-like-itoMrf Cotoneatter. 

5 iiL Leaves eoerffreen, Uaihery. Low Shrubtf 
with pro9trate Branehet ; TraUerey but not 
properfy Creeper». • - - - 872 

8. rotandif51ia WaU. m Nepal 

fig. 623, 624. 872 
The roond-leaTed Cotoneafter. 

C. micropk0aa fi IPva-ArH Lindl. 

Tke BearSnry-leaved Nepal Cotoneasier. 

(r.) microph^lla WalL m Nepal 

fig. 625. 873 
Ihe niialLleaved Cotoneaater. 

(r.) 5ux]f61ia WaU. m Nepal 873 
The Box-IeaTed Cotoneaater. 



App. i. Speeiet of Cotonedtter not yet intrO' 

duced, - - 873 



C. buUIAxli ITall 
C. obtiM iratf . 



XVI. AMELA^NCHIER Med. 5t 

673. 874 

THB AMBLAllCHUa. 

MispUut L. 
T^rutW. 
Ar&nia Pen. 
Cratte^^tu Lam. 
Bdrbut Crantz. 

1. Yu]g^a Maench. H Europef. 626. 874 
The conunon Amdanchier. 

M.ispilut Amelincbier L. 

P^rus Amelinchier Willd. 

Arhnia rotundiflMa Pers. 

Cratae^gus rotundifUia Lam. 

S^irbus Amelinchier CrantK. 

Alisier Amelanchier, Amelanekierdes JMs, 

N4/Uer d FeuiUes rondes, Fr. 
Felsenbimet Oer. 

2. (v.) Botryapium Dec. *t N. Anierica 

pl. 160, 161. fig.627,628. 874 

The Grape-Pear, or Snowy-biossomedt Ame- 
lanchier. 

Wdspilus eanadinsis L. 

Mispilus arbdrea Michx. 

CratiB^gus raoembsa Lam. 

Vihrus Botrydpium Pers. 

The Canatuan Medlar, Snowy MespUus, 

June Berrff, Wild Pear Tree. 
Aiisier de Choiiy, Alisier d Orappes, Fr. 
Traubenbimet uer. 

3. (v.) sangufnea Dec. £ North America 

fig.630,631. 875 
Tbe blood-coloured Amelanchler. 
V^rus sanguinea Purab. 
Arbnia sanguinea Natt. 
Mispilus canadintis y rotundifblia Bfichx. 

4. (v.) ovMis Dec. I North America 

fig.632. 876 
Hie onX-leaoed Amelancbier. 
Cratit^gus spidda Lam. 
Mispilus Ameltocbler Wdlt. 
K.parvifldra Doug. MSS. 
MfspHus canadinsis oar. m oodlis Micbx. 
V^rus ovdlis WUId. 
Arbnia ovdlis Pers. 
Amelanehier du Canada, AUsier d B^pi, 

Fr. 
Ruudblattrige Bime, Ger. 

Variety J - . - 876 

2 subcordita Dee. S 

Arbnia subcorddta Raf. 
Mdlus ndcrocdrpa Raf. 

3 8eini.lntegrifdlia Hook. S 

5. (v.) fl6rida lAndl. S North America 

fig. 633, 634. 876 
The ilowery Amelanchier. 

Variety - - . 877 

2 parvifolia ¥ 

A. parvifilia Hort. Soc. Gard. 

XVII. Af E^SPILUS Undl. t 673. 877 

Thb Mbdlab. 

MispUus sp. of Lin. and otben. 
MespUdpkora sp. Neck. 

g 



Ixvi 



CONTENTS, 



Pag* 

1. genxi4nica Ir. 1t Europe pl. 162. 877 
The German, or comfMo», Medlar. 

Varietiea - - - 878 

1 sylvestris WL Diet. J. 

2 strlcta Dee. ¥ 

3 diffiksa Dee, $ 

CuUivated Varietiet. 

1. BUke*s large-fhiited Medlar. 

2. Dutch Medlar. 

3. Nottmgham, or oommon, Med- 

lar. 

4. The stoneless Medlar. 



2. Smithft Dec. t ... 

Smith'8 Medlar. 

M. Mramdifibra Sm. 
M. lobata Poir. 



pl. 163. 878 



XVIII. PY^RUS Lmdi. S • 673. 879 

Trb Pbar TaBB. 
V^rtu, MdUu, aod Sdrbmtt Toam. 
V^ruM and Sdrbtu L. 
Pffrdphomm and Aj^frdpkorum Neck. 

§ i. PyrSphonm Dec. % - 880 

1. communis L. H: Eur. pl. 164, 165. 880 
The common Pear Tree. 

P. ^"'chraa Gertn. 

P. sytniMlri» Dod. 

Pyrdster Rajr. 

Poirier, Fr. 

Gfmeine Bime^ Bimebaum^ Ger. 

Pero, Ital. 

Pera^ Span. 

Gruickka^ RuMlan. 

Vanetiet 5 - - 880 

1 ^chras W^. 1t 

2 Pyrtwter »^aZ?r. * 

3 foliis yariegiitis ^ 

4 fr^ctu varieg4to *!t 

5 sanguinoldnta 'i. 
The sanguinole Pear. 

6 flore pl^no ¥ 

Po<r« de CArmMe Bon Jard. 

7 jdspida Ht 

Am Chritieu d Boiijatpi Bon Jard. 

8 satlva Dec 1t 

Varietiet mo$t deservimg qf Culti- 
ration, §elected from the Hort. 
Soc. Cat. qfPruitt - 881 

Bemrd Dlel. 
Beurre de Rans. 
Bexi de la Motte. 
Glout Moroeau. pl 106. 
Napol6on. 
Swan'f %gg. 

Seotch Pearg recommended by Mr. 
Gorrie, a» Trees adapted for 
Landaeape Scenery - 881 

The Benvie. 
The Golden Knap. 
The Elcho. 
The busked Lady. 
The Pow Meg. 

2. (c.) «Ivifolia Dec. * France 888 

The Sage-leaved, or Aurelian^ Pear Tree. 
Poirier Sauger D*Ourch. 

3. (c.) nivsllis L.Jll.lt Austria - 888 
The snovy-leavcd Pear Tree. 



Page 

4. (c.) sin^ica Thoum. *t Mount Sinai 

pl. 167. 889 

The Mount Sinai Pear Tree. 
P. Smai Desf. 
P. pirtica Pers. 
The Mount Sinai Medlar. 

5. (c.) ralicif^lia L. t Siberia - 889 

The Willow-leaved Pear Tree. 

6. (c.)e]sBagami&PaU.1t A.Minor 889 

The Oleagter-leaved Pear Tree. 
P. orientdlit Uom. 

7. (c.) flmygdalif6rmis VU.1t - 889 

The Almoiid-aha|>ed Pear Tree. 
P. tylvistris Magnol BoC. 
P. BaUcif&Ua Lob. 

8. sin^nsis Lindl. S China pl. 168. 889 
The ChinoM Pear Tree. 

Tj^rus comminis Lcds. 

P. sinica Royle. 

Ri mtlgo Nast Japanese. 

The sm»A» Pear, Snow PeoTt Sand Pear. 

Sha lee, Chinese. 

9. bollwylleriana Dec.1t France 

pl. 169. 890 
Tbe Bollwyller Pear Tno. 
P. PoUvM^ L. 
P. auriculdris Knoop. 

10. crenataDofi. 1t Nepal f. 638, 639. 890 
The notehed-2rm€ii Pesr Tree. 

11. variolosa WaU. 1t Nepal pL 170. 891 

The variable-fadvfrf Pear Tree. 
P. P&shU Ham. 

App. i. Speeies of P^nw belonging to the See" 
ticn Pyr6phonim, and not yet introduend. 891 

P. cuneif&Ua Gus. 
P. panriflbra De^. 

P. sylvdstris critica C. Banh. 
P. Michauz/^ Boac. 
P. Ihdlca CoUbr. 

5 ii. Md/M. S . .891 

12. il/^lus L. S £ur. pl. 171, 172. 891 

The cammon, or toUd, Apple TVee. 
P. Md/tM mUis Wallr. 
f/Ldlms commitnis Dec. 
Pommier commtm, Fr. 
Gemeine Apfelbaum, Ger. 

13. (M.) ac6rba Dec. t Europe - 892 

"nie »ouT-Jiruited Apple, or common Crab TVee. 
Pdrw V.dlus austira Wallr. 
Mdhts aeirba Merat. 
Mdltu commitnissuleistr^ Desf. 
Mdlus syivistris Ti. Dan. 
P. Mdltu Sm. 
Pommier sauoagfion, Fr. 
HobtapfeUiaium, Ger. 

14. {M.) jDrunifolia W. f Siberia - 892 

The Plum-tree-leaved 'Apple Tree, or Siberiem 
Crab. 

P. MdbuB Ait. 
Mdkf» h^brida Deaf. 

15. (M.) bacc^ta L. 1t Siberia - 892 

The hexTy-Uke-fruited Apple Tree, or Siberia» 
Crab. 

Mdku baecdta Desf. 



I le. far.) diofca w. i - - 

I Tba dUdoOMeKf tmlt Tm. 

I MMudieka Aiidlb. 

I 17, (if.) Bstrac^ca Dec. S Persia 893 
I Tbe Auiwliu Apple Tna. 

{ HdAu milraeiMica Duu. 



Tha BLackCnb. 

Tbe CDOTt pmdu pljl. 

Tb« LbmliublnlliiUulPlialB. 

Tbe Tnlhi Applg. ^^ 

Tb« Violct AppiB- 

Tbc CberTT (^ab. 

^ nAtar. ifF. (M.) iaccdU. 
Ibc SppjnDs CrBb. 
Bl|g'i ETBlaubig Cnb. 

S. coron&ria L. S North America 
pl. 174. 908 



Cn» Apfli, Swat-teemlal Crit, Amer. 

IB. (c) Higiutifain Ail. S CarolinB 
pl. 175. 909 
HKBJBTaw-laTBl Apple 1^. 



80. ^iectibiUs AU. 3 China 



tf Appfin 



5 iU. A"ria Dec S - - 910 
!l. iTria £AnS. I Europe - - 910 

Tbc WUte BeBS IVec. 

C»W^ AVie w. > L, 

MiMu A^na seop. 

Untm AXS Cnsu. 
AV^ nnwlrwM ^OM. 
HMr »tlrf P«ir, IWifc Le^ Tm, Bed 
Ctea Affle. Sea Omtrr, Cmmierlaml 

kler, AUner Uam, Fr. 
I. i/aWoim, Ger. 






2 bcutifolia Dtc. t 

CriLE-n» loHmia K. Du Hai 

?p.iij^hMnnbi. 

3 DnduiitB Lin^ S pl, 177. 
* ■DguKifSliii iMdL i 

5 rug&iB LimU. t 



6 cr^ticB Liadl. t 

P. A. rotuntiiptti 

7 bulliu /l^ X 

P. A. ilciinAi.Jfa 

19. M.) intermedia Ehrk. 5 

The iDtarmedUM Whlte BeuD 
Cralie'gar A"rfii ^ L. 
Cnilie^iii icdiHtiai Wlbl 

.IfiVnrr ifc Pauaitubleau, 
StlkuedUdier ilemaum. 

FariOiet I 
1 Utifolia Dec. 1t 
Cralx^gtu lallfim 
SilrAw lattfilm F 
CroTf \nEj itenlel' 
S aiiKustiroliB Z)ec. 
P. edHIH WlUil. 

3. (^.) veatita Wall. * Nep 
The clothed Whlle Brtai Tree. 
P«r« xpal/ni/i Hort. 
SJrlpw ecillfa Lodd. 



§ it. Tormindria De 
24, tomiiiiaUs Ehrk. S E 

Tba ^plng.J^wlcd Serrlcv Trt 
Tte Maple-leatied Sertice 



$ V. SriSlobiit Dec 
35. trilobita Der. S Mount ] 

§ n. 8£r6iu Dec. 
£6, ■urkuUtBi)M. X Egjpt 

87. pinnattlida EhrA. t Bri 

The plnnatlfl 



SMialURUpMitoLiI 



28. aucuparia Gctrln. 1 Ei 

hc Fewler'» Serrlce Tree. ar M 
Sdr»» aiiciipiIrJa L. 

a>iic*eji Tree. Quicl, Bea 
Wild Senlcr. W/cien 



Ixviii 



CONTENTS. 



3V«e, Roume Tree, Roan Tree, RotkUm, 
Routry, MounUun Scrvice, Witcketh 
WOd Sorb, Wicken, Wkitten, Wiggen 
Tree. 

Sorhier des Oi$eleurSt Sorbier det OiteatUt 
Fr. 

Vogei Reerbatmh Ger. 

Sono Sal»atieo, Ital. 

Varietiet S - - - 916 

2 firiictu liiteo ¥ 

3 foliis Tariegatis S 

4 fiwtigiita 1 

29. ameiic^ Dec, t North America 

pl.l82. 920 
The Ameiican Senrlce. 

&^bn$ ameriodna Punh. 
SMua ameriodna var. fi Michx. 

SO. microc&rpa Dee. S North America 921 

Tbc ■suU-AmHcd Senrlce. 

Sdrbmt mmetipdria a, Mkbx. 
SMm» mdcrdnika Dnm. 
8<MiM MJeroetf rpa Ponh. 

31. SdrbusG^ertn.l^ Barbary pl.l83. 921 

The True Serrice. 

86rbta domdslica L. 
Tiru* domisHca Sm. 
The WhUiu Pear Tree. 
Cormier, Sorbier cultivi, Fr. 
^teuerUngsbaum, Sperberbaum, Cier. 

Farieties £ - - 921 

2 ma]if6rmis Zodtf. S 

La Corme-Pomme, Fr. 

3 pyrif6nnis Lodd, S 

La Corme-Poire, Fr. 

32. lanuginosa Dec. '!t ?Hungary 

pl.l8^. 924 

Hie yrooVLj-leaoed Serrice Tree. 
P. kfbrida lanugindsa Hort. 
S<^6fM kmugindta Klt. 

33. spilria Dec. t Kamtschatka 

pl. 185. fig. 645. 924 
The ntirloui Senrice Tree. 
F. kgbrida Moench. 
S&rbus spkria Pers. 
lAispHut sorMbUa Polr. 
P. Morbifblia Bosc, not of Sm. 
? P. uunbucifbUa Cham. 

Variety S - - 925 

2 p^nduU Hort. S 

S6rbus kybrida pindula Lodd. 
P. spitria Mmbucif^Ua Uort. Brlt. 

App. i. Additional Speeies of Pyn» belonging 
to th^ Seetion SSrbus. - - 925 

P. CdkUM WaU. 
P. Idrcbui WaB. 
OtlMrSara. 

§ yii. AdenSrachis Dec. A •> 925 

34. orbutifdlia L.fil. • North America 

fig.646. 925 
The Arbutua-leaved Aronla. 
CraUe^gus furifdUa Lam. 
Ardn^a wfrQbUa Pers. 
? CraUf-gtu serrdia Potr. 
UitpilMS wbutifbUa Schmidt. 

Varietiet ft . . 926 

2 intermddia LindL A 



S fler6tina Z.t}ufi. A 
4 pikmila A f. 647, 648. 
Mispihu pkmila Lodd. 

35. (a.) melanoc&rpa fF. N. America 

fig.649. 926 
The black-fhiited Aronla. 
P. arbutifbUa $ WlUd. 
Ardtua Brbut^bUa Pers. 

Variety « . . 927 

2 subpub^ens Lindl. M 

36. (a.) floribunda Zm^. A North 

America - - - 927 

The abundant-flowered Aronia. 

37. (a.) depreaa&Lindl.* North America 

927 
The depressed Aronia. 

38. pubens Lindl. m N. America - 927 



JK 



e downy-brancked Aronla. 

39. grandifolia Lindl. ii North America 

fig.650. 928 
The large-leaTod Aronia. 

§ yilL Chanum^spilus Dec. A 928 

40. Chamaem^piius Lindl. A Europe 

fig. 651. 928 
ThedwarfMedlar. 

Cratat^gus CkamamdspOus Jaoq. 
lAispiius CkamanUtpilius L. 
S«^Mf« CkamamispHu* Crants. 
Tke Bastard Qminee. 

App. i. Spedea of P^rut not suffieientfy 

hnown, ... 923 

P. flliifftUa Lhtdl. 
P. tamanttes Dte. 

MMms tomtmSm Dom. 
P. raUeOiMU a^imami. 

XIX. CYDO NIA Toum. 1t m - 929 

Thb Qdincs TftBB. 

P^rsu sp. L. 

1. vulgkris Peri. » Crete pl. 186. 929 
The common Quince Tree. 

fiirus C^dbnia U 
C. europof^a Sav. 

VarietiesX - - 929 

1 pyrif6rrais Hort. S 

2 malif6rinis Hort. 1 

3 lusitanica Du Ham, 1t 

2. sinensis T^oww. « China pl. 187. 931 
TheChtna Quince Tree. 

P^rsw sinintis Poir. 

3. japonica P^i. A Japan fig.952. 931 

The Japan Quince Tree. 

? V^rutJanAnica Thunb. 
Ck4enomeletJt^p&nica Lindl. 

Varieties A - . 932 

2 fiore Albo A 

3 flore semi.pleno A 

App. i. Other S^et of Cyd^ia. 932 

C. ammhSMa Hamilt. ^ • 



CONTENTS. 



Ixix 



Pag* 
App. I. Hcdf-kardy SpecieM of BxndcM, 

§ Pvmec^ nct hdonging to any of the Genera 

eomiahung hardy Speciee. - - 93S 

Raphi61ep]s Lmdl. - - 932 

indica UndL fig. 653. 

Crmtm^jm* Miea L. 

6g. 6M. 



tUnlMf. 

Crote^ffw* rifrM Lonr. 
r fuiAui* Poir. 



R. foiiea Bot. Rcg. 



CrafaVw tmdiea Loor. 
■BMHt Hsn** Jllff . 

1UtfUm»ftMUBtaatt. 

Eriob6trya lAndl. 

ja^nica Lindl, fig. 655, 656. 

' ■ a Thanb. 
Lour. 



.M89. 



p«g« 

2. (f.) glaiicus WUld. * Carol. f. 660. 937 
The glaucous-Z^avAf Calvcanthus, or /ertiie- 
Aowered American AUsptce. 
C.ftrHU» Walt. 



Variety - 
2 obloD^olius Nvtt, 



- 9S7 



- 933 




dBrckaX^fwV 



MnMiam jjk. 
O. 



Kageneckia Ruiz et Pav. 
cTBtaegoides D. Don. 

JT. erati^gdlda Lindl. 



- 934 



fig. 657. 



App. IL Half-hardy Speeies of Kotdee^B, 
hdonyiny to the Snborder SanguUMtem. 934 

Margyricfirpas setilsas R.eiP.- - 984 

%*maetrmm phmdtum Lam. Dict. 
ifiMwfrsaic barbdtam Lam. 111. 
Genoeirpas foCheKilU>kfef H. B. et Kunth. 

BertoUriiA gtner6kfe« Moc. et Sesse. 
AcB^ta FM. 
^ottrlmn Z». * 

QiiulNuni r». 

rmditnm Aa. fig. 66S. 
Qiff&rtsia 
iTkitftUaL. 
otworddta X>. 



3. laevig&tus ^Fttfrf. a N. Araer. f. 661. 937 

The glabrous-lemwd Calycanthus. 
C.fhrax Michx. 
C. penmylvdnicuM Lodd. 

11. CHIMONA^NTHUS lAndl, m 

935. 937 
Tbb Cbimonantrus, or Winier Flower. 
'UerdAa, Neee. 
Cal^cdntki tp. L. 

1. fr^grans LindL m Japan f. 662. 938 

The fragrant->fovere(f Chlmonanthus. 
OaUffedntAn» pne^cox L. 
MerdtiaLfrdgran» Neei. 
(Tfrai', or Bdbait Rnmpf. 
Tke Winter FUmer. 
Calycante de Japon^ Fr. 
Japanische Keick Mumet Ger. 

Farieties * - . 938 

2 grandiflonis jLtiic&. A f. 663. 
S liiteus ffort. m 



' Granatdce<B D. Don. » ■ • lJ 



934 

984 
986 



985 



CalycanthdcetB Lindl. m 935 
L CALYCA^NTHUS Lindl. m 935, 936 

Tbi Calycamtbub, or American Attspice. 
Cal^cdnihi ep. L. 
BlUtniT\B, Du Ham.y noiqfL. 
Beurriria Ekrk. 
BaBtkrim Adanu. 
Pompadoiirm BuckOK. 
Calyeaniet ¥t. 
Ketek Blume, Ger. 

1. fldridus L. m N. America f. 659. 936 

The flowery Calycanthns, or CaroUna AUspiee. 
C. ttiriU» Walt. 

Sueet-tcenied Skrub^ in CaroUna. 
Cemmon American AUtpice. 

VarieHee « - - - 936 

1 obl6iigi]s Dec. A 

2 ovatus Dec. A 

3 o^lenifDlius Lodd. A 

4 fSrax Lodd. A 

5 eladcus Lodd, tk 

6 inoddrufl Lodd. A 

7 ]ongif<^lius Ijodd, A 

8 varieg&tus Lodd. A 



939 



L PU^NICA Toum. 3E • »1-1 - 939 
Thb Fombgbanatb Tbbb. 

Tke Cartkaghuan Apple. 
GrenadiertGr. 
Qranate^ Ger. 
Melograno^ Ital. 
Granado»^ Span. 

1. G^raniitum 2/. 1 Asia - - 939 

The oonnmon Fomegranate Tree. 

Varietiea ... 939 

1 riibrum Dec. ^ f. 664. 

2 r. flore pl^no Trew. A 

3 alb^scens Dec. A 

4 a. flore pUno Dee. m 

5 fl^vum Hort. A 

2. (G.) nana L.mLj North America 

fig. 065. 942 
Hie dwarf Pomegranate. 

P. americana ndna Toum. 
P. Grandtum ndnum Pers. 



OnagrdcecB LindL 

§ Fucus/s\a. ailJ ai. 

F4ehtja L. il lJ ' I 

mlcrapl^nft H. B. «« ffwitt. ii Uj fig. 666. 
OijnilfblU H. S. tt JrmiM. * |_J 

r«M»JM«<f Pae. ft| | 

F. \ydaUM Bot. Hag. 
p«rTlfl6n tAnA.m.\^ 

F. oatta If oe. «t 8«Me. 

■ibortesaM Mmw. f lJ 
^. rvcMitea Moc. •TBaHe. 
F. am«*M Hort. 
F. kmnMOt^ JToe. «( ; 



942 



944 



Ixx 



CONTENTS. 



IplteiUs Uudl. 

F. dtauaUa Grah. 

var. t mttltlfl6n Ltmdl. ft | | 

macRMtteian Asii tt Pav. tt I 
var. i toneJla Dte. L_J ^ 

F. grdeilia var. ttH^ta lindl. 
oSnica tAndl. il lJ 
Tirgkta Snt. ii l_J 
ooccinca Att. il |_J lijr. 667. 
F. pHidula Saltob. 
F. maMtadnica Lam. 
Nahima eoeettua Schneevoont. 
Skfnntm coeetnea Mrcnch. 
spitala Jtnit H Pav. 
diMCoUn Undl. B 
fawilUurU Undl. 
bybriiU Sivt. t 

IClobiM Harl. * I | 

var. t lonKifldra Hori. H |_J 

loiu|lfl6ra Hort. A |_J 

F. langtpedvneuUUa Bciton. 

■pcci6fla Hort. t^ \ | 

grandiflora Hert. 1 ■ , I 

fnt\xai B«rt. 1 1 I 

Thom|w6nti Hort. ik | | 

excortlciuL.JU. i^LJ 6^.668. 
SJrltMcra excorMeAtaPont. 
Olh«r VariotiM 



Paffo 



L,ytli 



wacece. 



a •_! 



Hetanio* i B 

«aliclfbUa Unk et Otto. M | fig. 669. 

Nem''* aathifdHa H. B. et Kunth. 
I^j/tltntmfidvmm Sprong. 

mjni&Ua Hort. Bmt. A _J 
L^ntM ap^talum Sprenft- 

UneaiifMla Hort. * _i 
H. talleifbHa var. 

in>haitica X>rr. H | 

Lagentra^mia il ^] 

IndioaI..iiO fig. 670. 
parrlf 6lia Rorh. ft [_] 
ntftxmRoteb. ii CZ3 



945 

■ 945 



r««e 



• 945 



Tamaricdcea. • 



. 946 



I. TA^MARIX Desv, fl - 946, 947 

Thb TAMARISK4 

The tpecies ttfTdmarix qfautkors tiuu 

have 4 stamen» ani 6 $tam.ns. 
TamariSt Fr. 
TtsmariskeHt Ger. 

1. ff61lical^. A France - fig.671. 947 
The French Tamulsk. 

T. narbon^nsis Lob. 
Tamariscus gdUicus AU. 
Tamarisciu pentdndrus Lam. 

Varieties A . . 948 

1 gfSbdlis Ekrenberg Sk 

2 narboD^nsis Ekrk. il 

3 nll6tfca Ekrk. ik 

4 arb6rea Sieb. A 

6 mannifera Ekrk. Sk 

6 heteroph^lla Ekrk. A 

7 Uban6tica Lodd. Sk 

Thc RoMmaxy-llkeTamailik. 

App. i. Other hardy Spectes or Varieties of 
Tdmarix. A - . 948 

r. tctmndra Pai. A 
T.fitf/iMHabl. 

T. Uxa Wittd. Sk 

T. dongto Led. 3k 

T. fgtkaa» WUId. A 

r. hlnlda WlUd. A 

T. pen t dndra var. Pall. 

T. gdUtea var. fi Wilid. 

T. tonwniiM Smith. 

T. cm4M«w DetT. 



T. ramodnlma Led. m 

T. gdUiea gleren. 
r. PaUAaii DfST. A 

T. pentdndra Pall. 

T. gdUiea Bicb. 

T. panienUta SteY. 

T. raprcnirdnnia I«i. A 
r. p«rTifl6ra Dee. Stt 
r. tctritcrna Bhrenb. A 
r. eff(ua «Areii& ^ 

App. ii. Half-hardy Sarta of Tdmarix, 949 

r. aftickna Poir. 

T. gdtliea var. y WUld. 
r. canari«niis m/M . 
r. pjcnoc&rpa Dee. 
T. paaserlnOidei Da. 

var. 1 dlvarlcAta Bkrli. 
2 Hamm6ni« Ehrh. 
S macroc&rpa £ArA. 
Othar Speciet or Sorts. 

II. MYRICA^RIA Detv, A 946. 949 

Thb Mybicaria. 

Tke species qf Tdmarit qf autkors tkat 
kave monadelpkous stamens. 

1. acrm^mca Desv, Sb Europe f. 672. 949 
Tbe German Myricaria, or German Tamarisk. 

Tdmari* germdnica L. 
Tamarlscm germdnicus Lob. 
Tamariscus decdndrus Lam. 
Tdmarix decdndra Moench. 
Tamaris d^ AUemagne^ Fr. 
Deutscken Tamartsken, Ger. 

2. dahurica Dec, A Siberia 

The Dahurian Myricaria. 

Tdmarix dakurica Wllld. 



- 949 



App. i. Other Sorts of Myricdria not yet 
introduced. - - 950 

M. iquamdsa Desv. 

? M. dakiirica var. 
M. loDffifblla Dec. 

Tdmarix germdnica PaU. 

Tdmarix decdndra Fall. 

Tdmarix longtfdUa WiUd. 

M. linearifima Desv. 
M. herb^cea De^f. 

Tumari* germdnica subkerbdcea Pall. 
M. bracteiita Botfle. 
M. ^legans Royle. 



VhiladelphacecB, 



-* 950 



I. PHILADE^LPHUS L, a - 950,951 

Thb Philadelpbus, or Mock Orange. 
Svrfnga Townu^ not ttfL. 
Pkiladel 



P/eifenstrauck (Pipe Skrub), Ger. 

Pipe Privett Gerard. 

Tke Syringa of the gardens. 



§ i. Stemt sHff and atraight, Flowers in 

Racemei. . .951 

1. coronkrius L, A South Europe 

fig.673. 951 



The garland PhUadelpfaus. 

Syrfnga suavioiens Moench. 

Varieties ib 

1 vulgaris Sehkuhr, tt 

2 nkam MUL A 

3 flore pldno Lodd. A 

4 Tariegatus Lodd dfe 



- 951 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxi 



Page 

2. (c.) inodorus Zr. a Garoliiia f.674. 952 

Tbe aeeaMeu-Jknaered PhfladelphuB. 
Syrioga imoddra Moench. 
P. Idnu in many En^lah gardens. 

3. (c) Ze/ben Schrad. ii N. Amer. 952 
Zcjher^B r hJladelphus. 

4. Temicdsus Sckrad. A North America 

f. 675. 952 

Tbe warted FhUadelphui. 
P. grandifi&rus IAdxSL. 

b. (▼.) latifolius Sckrad. A N. America 

fig.676. 953 
The bnHtd-leaTed Philadelphus. 
P. jnM$een$ Celi. 

6. (j. ) floribundus Schrad, A N . Amer. 953 

The abondant-flowered Philadelphus. 

§ ii. Siem$ more slender, ranMingy twiggy, 
and looae, Flowere solitary, or 2 or S 
togetker. - . . - 954 

7. laxus Schrad. A N. Amer. f. 677. 954 

The Ityoae-growing Philadelpbus. 
P. kUmOiM Hort. 
P. pnbiscenM Lodd. 

8. (L) grandiflorus WUld. A N. Amer. 954 

The large-flowered Philadelphiu. 
P. tnoddrtu Hort. 
P. JdztaLodd. 

9. hirsiitusiSrtt//.A North America. 

f. 678,678a. 954 
Tbe bairy-teivetf Philodelphus. 

P. viUAsns and P. graciUs Lodd. 

10. tomentosus fVall. Mi Nepal - 955 

The wooUj-leaved Pbiladelphus. 
P. nepaUnsis Lodd. 
? F. trifioms Royle. 

11. DECUMA^RIA I,. « — J -* 950. 955 
Thk Dbcum aria. 

ForsftkiA WaU., not qf VaM. 

1. barbara L. ^ Carolina f. 679, 680. 955 

The barbarous Decumaria. 
jD. radicans Mcench. 
2>. ForsptUa Mickx. 
D. prostrdta Lodd. 

Fariety Jk - - - 955 

2 sarmentosa Dec. Jk 

D. sarmentdsa Bosc 
Forsfthia. scandens Walt. 

App. I. Hdf-hardy Hgneous Plants of the 
Order ThUaddphdcea. - 956 

Deutzia scabra Thunb. A-J f. 681. 950. 
D. corymbdsa R. Br. 



D. 
D. 



ThOadeipkns corymbdsus WaU. 

inaa R. Br. 
PkilaMjAma ttamd»eut W«U. 

teibrunWaU. 



Myrtdcecs. 1 uJ ^ 

Sect. I. Melalbu^ce.s. f. 

TiteAiil* acffiOUa A. Ar. A ij 
MeiaMea turiifbUa Slnu. 
jrdoMioa Mlic^te fiot. Rqi. 
BoiiifatiadacQMlitaJt. Br. Sik i_J 
Caloth&iiinas tUUm R. Or. A ij 



»lJ 956 
lJ - 956 

flK. 688. SftiS 

fig. 633. 957 
ri«. 6.34. 957 



C.gxicUbJI. Ar. Ail 
C. qoadittids R. Br. ALj 
C. cUvilU OviMiiivA. lifc |_J 
MeUtetoi Bqatam LflMi/ril |_J 
M. UnMrifMU Aii. ih l_J 

MttrotUknm bjftaofifbiia Cur. 
M. polcMUa Jt. Br. dk i_J 
M. AypericilUia Am. ifc l_J 
M. sqnarriM Sm. ik |_J 
BadMmia lctfi^tea X. Ar. 2 l-J 



' 957 

- 957 

- 957 

- 957 
ilg.685. 957 

. »57 

flC. 687. 957 

- 957 
flff. 686. 958 



Sect. II. BvLEno8rE'a,UEM. f ij *uJ 958 



Encal^ptiu rainilkra 9m. f i^ - fl*. 

E. rob6iU An. t (1 • 
Tkt SMntcy BaRc Trtt. 

£. TiminUb LabtU. ± uJ 
E. amjiidUiiia Laita. ± lJ 
B. piMrtu a»«. 1 L«J 
Tlm Blm Gmn Tree. 
B. cordAU Labia. ± lJ 
E. palvcralAiU Sfow. T l_J 
E. eerdJta HartrjBaol. 

B. divenifbUa Bnwl. f_ |_J 

£. eoiraAta Dam. 

B. yiperVa Hort. Bool. 

B. MerophMla Swt. 

E. anifmtifuia Hort. 
Screral ottier Speci« of Eacal^ptas 
AngtSpbcta cordifblU Cav. ^ |_J 

Mttroridirot hUfidtu 8m. 

A. lanocoljua Cav. H (1 

r A« ilMle 7Vm of New HoUand. 

Metroeidiroe eplAideme Ocrtn. 
Calliitimon «alignat Dec. A i_J 

Metrotidirot taUgnui Sm. 

C. lanceolAtos Dte. IB lJ 

Melroeidirot laa^oldtat Sm. 

Metroeidiroe ciiriaa Bot. Mac. 
MetnMld*tat«orif6Uas Kntf. ft iJ 
The Corb-icaTcd Iron Wood. 

Ltfhef i r m iim amUgumm Sm. 
l4ptocp#rmam grandifioUum An. A |_J 
L. lanbnram Ait. H | ) 

FAUfluie/pAiM ioic^rw AU. 
BUI6t*« marRinlMa Jl. Br. 9k (_\ 

Leftoeffrmam mar^na^MiiLaUlI. 

B. flexttdaa D. Don. 1 lJ 
Fatirf cto nijrrtifbUaGtfrfiB. Bl |_J 

P. itiicU Loiii. * I I - 

Bn^ckia Tirgiua Audr- tt v_J 

Lepto t pdrmm m viratitmt Ponk. 
MelMkea virgdtaL. fll. 



688,689.691. 958 

- pl. 188. 95» 

fig. C9S,693. 959 

flg.694,695. 959 

fig.696,697. 959 

• flg.e98. 959 

- flg.G97. 959 

. 959 



. 959 
fig.699. 960 

flg. 70t. 960 



• 960 
flg. 700. 960 

flg. 705. 961 

fig. 701. 961 

- 961 

- 961 

* 961 
fig. 703. 961 

- 961 
fig. 704. 961 



Sect. III. Mr^E^rEA. JlJ «lJ 



961 



MdiamCatUeyiimimSablnc. f lJ 
CattlejjB Gaara. 

- r. eorihetam Manh. 
F. dkiiwtan Lodd. 

ilfyrtus communis L. t 

The common Myrtle. 

Varietiee ft i 



flg. 706. 961 

- 961 

- 963 
ilLJ - 963 



\ i. Melanocdrpa Dec. ilL_ 

1 romftna Dec. m |_j 

The coramon 5rna<i-/Mwif, or Rcman. Mmle. 

2 tarentlna MiU. Je. ^'jP*™*' "™- 
The Tarentom, or BoaHeavtt, MrrOe. 

8 it&Ilca Mitt. Dict. » i_J 

The ItaUui. or woright, Mrt&». 
4 baB^tlca MiU.Dict. m\\ 

The Andalu^, or OrangtTittd, Myxtle. 

6 liuit£mca X. il i_j 

The Portagal MyrUe. 
M. aetta MUI. Dict. 

ct w^i J**^-.?.'^* Natmeg MjtOa M ^J 
6 b§lglca MiU. DiCt. «I ij 

broad-leaTcd Duldt JbntZe. 

Stdwqr. Tlie doable^flowerad M jrtle. 



rk< broad-leaTcd DutA MwtH 
Stdtvar. Tlie doable-flowc 
TmucrondtaX. 



The Bmtmarjf, or Tkama^tavtd Mjrtic. 

S ii. Leucocdrpa Dec. «lJ - 963 
8 leucocfirpa Dec. tt ij 
The wlilte-benled M jrtle. 

h iil. Oarden Varieties. mi I- flfia 
1. Gold-strlped broad-leavcd MyrUe 



Ixx 



CONTENTS. 



P. dtemtmOa Grah. 
mr. 8 mnlUfltea Ia»M. ^ L-J 
nucKMtiiiMm RniM H Pov. 1 _J 
var. S tanelU i><r. lJ ik 

F. grddli» var. teiUlla lindl. 
c^nlca Llwtf. * |_J 

Tlrgkta^nrt. i^l I 

coccfnea i4M. 1 l_J Hr. 667. 

F. fAdula Sailah. 

/^. iiuurcU<fR<cia Lam. 

Nah6^ eoeeinea SchneevDOf(t. 

SktnnerE eaednta Mnench. 
ap^tala R»ii% et Pav. ii i_J 

dUcolor Undi. * I I 

bw:UUui* Undl, t^ L_J 

bybrtda Stet. * l j 

glob6w Hort. * I I 

var. 2 loDKlfl^ra fforf. ^l l_J 
kngiflftra Hort. 1 l_J 

Frtow«]><d»i>«U<a Beiton. 

■|iccl6ia Hort. tt I I 

grandlfltea Hort. ^ (_J 
imVaa J7«r<. ^ L_) 
Th<»n|M6nfi Hort. t^ l_l 
ezoortlcUa L.fil. t^ L-J Aff* 668. 

Skfnmer». cccorMoAtaFont. 
Other VarietiM 



Pa«c 



Page 



"LythrdcecB, •O » 

Udmia • I B - 

•aUclf6U8 Unk el OUo. > 1 fiff. 669. 

JVcw^a M/je^la H. B. et Kunth. 
l^kramjldman Spreng. 

«mtifbUa Hort. Benl. ii _J 
l4^rHm apdtaivm Sprenff. 

UneaiifbUa Hort. t^ I 

H. wMeifbHa var. 

■jphUitlca Dee. * _1 
Lagentroe'mta ^ O 

indicaX..*0 flg- 670. 
parrif 6tia Rar6. ^^ CD 
NgtaUB Jto»b. A [^ 



945 

■ 945 



946 



Tamaricdcecs. * 



. 946 
- 946, 947 



I. TA^MARIX Detv. a 

Thb Tamarisk. 

7Jb« tpeciet qfTdmorix qfautkort that 

kape 4 ttamens and 5 ttam.iiu. 
Tamarit^ Fr. 
Tamaritkent Ger. 

1. gdllical.. • Fraiice - fig.671. 947 

The French Tamariik. 

T. narbon^ntit Lob. 
Tamariteut gdllieut All. 
Tamaritcut pentdndrut Lam . 

Varietiet tt - - 948 

1 stibtUls Bhrenberg Sk 
a narbon^nsif Ekrh, A 

3 nil6tica Ehrh. db 

4 arb6rea Sieb. A 

5 mannlfera £ArA. A 

6 heterophf lU £ArA. ft 

7 liban6tica Lodd. tt 

The noacmaiy-Uke-Taniarisk. 



r. ramodMJ m a L«rf. H 
T. gdiliea Siererh 

T. Taaksii DcsT. ft 

T. venMndra PaU. 

T. gdUica Bieb. 

T. jMMictiiiUa Ster. 
T. rapreaBtfdmiia Lod. di 
r. parTlfl6ra 0k. di> 
r. tctr&gTna Bkrenb. A 
r. effiisa JMreii6. ^ 

App. ii. Half-hardy SorU ofTdmarix. 949 

r. aflrictaa Pcir. 

T. ir<<Uica var. y 'mOA. 
T. canarOnsis Wiiid. 
T. pycnocArpa Dee. 
T. paaterineVdes Dd. 

var. 1 diTarlc^ Bhrk. 
% Hamm6ni« Ehrh. 
3 macroc&xpa Rkrk. 
Other Speciea or Sortk 

II. MYRICA^RIA Desv, * 946. 949 

Thb Mybicaria. 

The tpeciet qf Tdmarix qfauthort that 
have monadelphout ttament. 

1. germdnicaDfw. a Europe f. 672. 949 
Tlie German Myricaria, or German Tamarisk. 
Tdmarix germdnica L. 
Tamariscm germdmicut Lob. 
Tamaritcus decdndrtu Lam. 
Tdmarix decdndra Moench. 



Tamarit d'AUemafne, Fr. 
Deuttchen Tamartsken^ Ger. 

2. dahurica Dec, a Siberia 

The Dahurian Myricaria. 

Tdmarix dahurica WiUd. 



- 949 



App. i. Other Sorts of Myricdria not yet 
introduced. - - 950 

M. squamftsa Detv. 

? M. dah^rica vor. 
M. lonjBifblia Dec. 

Tdmarix germdniea Pall. 

Tdmarix deedndra Pali. 

Tdmarix longifdlia WUld. 

M. UnearifdUa Desv. 
M. herbiicea D^. 

Tdmarix germdnica tubherbacea PaU. 
M. bracteata Royle. 
M. ^legans Royle. 



I. 



VhiladelphdcecB, * » _J -* 950 

PHILADE^LPHUS L, * - 950, 951 
Thb Philadblphus, or Mock Orange. 



Syringa Tottm., wd qfL. 
Pkiladeipkut, Fr. 
F/eifentirauck (Pipe Skrub), 
Pipe Privetf Gerard. 
The Svringa of the gardens. 



Ger. 



§ 



App. i. Other hardy Speciet or Varieties of 1 
Tdmarix. A - - 948 

r. tetfindra Pal. • 

T. gdUiea Habl. 
r. lAu mud. Sk 
T. dongftU Jli^il. A 

r. gr&cuii fnjjri. ik 

r. hlnlda IV^JIU. A 

T. pentdndra var. Pali. 
T. g^fea tFor. /9 WlUd. 
T. iMieNtiwa Smith. 
T. eoiMtoiM DecT. 



i. Stemt ttiff and straighL Fhwert in 
Racemet. - - 951 

. coronkrius L, * South Europe 

fig.673. 951 
The garland PhUadelphua. 

Syringa tuavioient Moench. 

Varietiea A - - 951 

1 vulgaris Schkuhr. A 

2 nitnus MilL ft 

3 flore pldno Lodd. A 

4 Tariegatus Loiid Sk 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxi 



Paff« 

2. (c.)inod6n]sXr. *Caroliiiar.674>. 952 

The acenHen-Jlowered PhQadelphus. 
Syrliiga inoddra Moench. 
F. Ujnu In many En^ish gardens. 

3. (c.) Zeyhen Schrad. A N. Amer. 952 

Zeyfaer's Fhiladelphus. 

4. Yerracosus Sckrad. A North America 

f. 675. 952 
The warted Phlladelphus. 
P. gr€md(fl&ru$ Llndl. 

5. (y.) latifolius Schrad, * N. America 

fig.676. 953 
TYm broad-leaved PhUadelphas. 
P. jnMscem Cels. 

6. (y. ) floribiindus Sckrad, A N. Amer. 953 

TIm abundant-flowered PhUadelphus. 

§ ii. Stemg more denderf rambUng, twiggyt 
and Jooee, Flowers solitary, or 2 or 3 
together, - - - - 954 

7. laxus Schrad, a N. Amer. f. 677. 954 

The Xoowo-growing PhUadelphus. 
P. MimiU» Hort. 
P. pubitcen» Lodd. 

8. (L) grandiflorus WUld, • N. Amer. 954 

Tbe large-flowered Philadelphus. 
F. inodoms Hort. 
P. ikUtMLodd. 

9. hirsutusi^tt^^A Nonh America. 

f. 678, 678 a. 954 
The hK^-ieaved Philadelphus. 

P. vOUtut and F, grdciUs Lodd. 

10. tomentosus WaU, A Nepal - 955 

The wooXLj-leaved Philadelphus. 
P. nepaUnsi* Lodd. 
? P. trifioms Royle. 

IL DECUMA^RIA i. a — I -* 950. 955 

Tfls Dbcumasia. 

PorspOAsL Walt., not qf Vahl. 

1. barbara L, Jk Carolina f. 679, 680. 955 

The barbarous Decumaria. 
D. ratOcans Moench. 
D. FongOAA Mickx. 
D. prostrdta Lodd. 

Variety Jk . > .955 

2 sarmentosa Dec, Ji 
D. sarmentosa Bosc. 
Pors^tlOA scdndens Walt. 

App. I. Half-hardy Ugneoua Flant» of the 
Order VhUaddphdcea. - 956 

Deutzta scabra Thunb. *-J f. 681. 950. 
D. corymbdsa R. Br. 

Vhiladeipkua corymb&sus Wall. 

VkUadetfkwu'tbmi$inu WaU. 
BnMcWdi. 
Leptctp^rmmm tcibrwn Wall. 



D. 
D. 



Mt/rtdceiB. 1 lJ * i_J • uJ 956 

Sect. I. Melajjlv^cejr. 1 lJ A lJ - 956 

flg. 689. 956 



TrirtAaia Mfllfilia A. Br. ik i^ 
MtMemea •oeriifiUa Slms. 
Metalekaa •alie^fblia Bot. Rcp. 

Bcuitatfa deciaatm A. ar. ik lJ 
CaloCbanmQt YilMn R. Br. tt | | 



fiff. 633. 
fig. 634. 



957 
957 



• 


flg.685. 


Pag. 

957 
957 
957 
957 
957 


- 


flg.687. 
flg.686. 


957 
957 
957 
958 


.luJ 


• 1-J958 


fl«.6M, 


688.691. 


958 


- 


pl. 188. 


959 


fls- 

fig. 


69S*69S. 
694,695. 
696,697. 


959 
959 
959 


- 


fig.698. 
flg.697. 


959 
959 



C. gricUls «. Ar. A lJ 
0. qtuMibiflda JL Ar. M i^ 
C. lAKwkU. Canningk. ik |_J 
MelAlctea ■qQimcB LMU. M lJ 

M. UncuifUUi Sm. * I | 

MdrmUirm bsfuoriptaa Cav. 
M. pulclMHla R. Br. SL i_J 
M. *>pcridi5Ua jfm. ft uj 
M. •qoarrtea 8m. ifc \^ 
£ad«naia tetn^boa A. JBr. i, |_J 

Sect. II. £i7LsiTosp£'aiuiB. f uJ iii-J 

Eucal^ptu roiniteB Sm. f lJ 
Th* Irom BarkTrte. 
E. iob6tta An. f |_J 
Tke SMngy Bark Tre». 
B. viminUU LMU. ± lJ 
E. amygdilina LaUU. ± L^ 
E. piperlta Sm. ± (_J 
!%• Btme Onm Tree. 

E. conUta LabOl. ± lJ 

E. palTcral^nta Sima. T lJ 

£. corddto HaRrBcrol. 

B. dlvnsifolta Bonpi. ± l_J 

£. connJUa Dum. 

E. ptDerita Hort. Benri. 

B. hierophMa Svt. 

£. «vrtu<vb/to Hort. 
ScTcral otlier Spcdn of Encal^ptiu 
AngdplMn conllfbUa Car. Afc ilj 

Metroeidhm htapUve Sm. 

A. lanocolfcu Cto. A 1] 
TA* ilMfe rr«e of NewHoUand. 

MMro^dirm epUniene QKrtn. 
CallbtimcD mligniit Cee. ^ (_J 
MetroMiroe aaUffnue Sm. 

C. laoceol&tui Oec. il l_J 

Metroeidiroe taneeotdtue 8m. 

Metroeiitroe cUrina Bot. Mag. 
MetnMidtroecaKlloliiu Vfnt. tk ij 
Tbe Cori»-leaTed Iron Wood. 

Lep l oe pAmmm ambigmmn 8m. 
Lep totp A m nm grandifolium An. ^ l_J 
L. lanioenmi AU. tk 1 , ) 

Vtuladetptuu lanfgerue Ait. 
BilU>tid marginku Jt. Br. tt tJ 

Leptoep^nnmm mar/^ndteiiiXabill. 

B. flexudea D. Don. A lJ 
Fabilcfa ifqrrtifbUaO«rA(. * lJ 

F. etifcta Lodd. * I t . 

Bta^ckia Tirgjua Andr. il |_J 

Leploep^rmmm virfMmm Forak. 
Mdaieiu» vitgtlaL. ftl. 



959 



- 959 
fig. 699. 960 

fig.70<. 960 



' 960 

fig.700. 960 

fig. 705. 961 

fig.701. 961 

- 961 

- 961 

• 961 
flg. 703. 961 

• 961 
fig. 704. 961 



Sect. III. Afjr'iiTEJB. f i_J iiuJ 



Mdimn CattlndiiwM Sftblne. f rj 
CattlcT'1 Oium. 

^ F. coriAeeimi Marih. 
P. cMm^mc Lodd. 

ilfyrtus communis L, ii 

The common Myrtle. 

Varietiea m l. 



961 

flg. 706. 961 

- 961 



LJ - - 963 

S i. Meianocdrpa Dec. M\_} . 963 

1 romftna Dec. * iJ 

Tbe ooramon hreadTmBedt or Romaa, MTTtle. 

2 tarentlna MiU. Jc. • ij ^ 
The Taientam, or BufleavSl: Mmle. 

8 it&lica MiU. Dict. •lJ 

The Itallan, or mpritthi. Myr&.a. 
4 bas^tlca MiU.Dict. m\\ 

The Andalmlan^ Onwge^Cmwrf, Myrtle. 
6 lusitinica L.m\_J 

The Portugal MTrtle. 
M. ackta Mlll. Diet. 

o ..<. ?"*^.- ^ The Nutmeg Mjxtia H ij 

6 Wlgica MiU. Dict. il?I 
TAe broad-leared DirfcA Mwtte. 

Snbvar. The dooble-IWcnd Mmle. 

7 mucronilta JL. il 1 | 

Tbc Raeemarji, or TA^me-itaiMrf Myrtlc. 

S li. Leucocdrpa Dec. •lJ - 963 

8 leucoc&rpa Dec. il i | 

The white-benied Myrtle. 

S i«. Garden Farieties. ilLj . 963 
1. Gold-8triped broad.leayed Myrtle 



Ixx 



CONTENTS. 



ta6aU» Limdl. ^l^ 
F. deeuuMa Gnh. 
vmr. S mvltifltea Umdl. * l_J 
macnatAiiMn lUii* <( Pav, M I 
var. 8 teo«lU Dee. |_J * 

F. grdctlU var. UnOta lindl. 
otfnica UmM. * l_J 
vlrgkta Snrf. ii L_J 

cocciimi4«. ftl_J fi|c. 667. 

#>. p^mla SmlUb. 

P. mtmgtUdnica Lam. 

tiahtMm coecimea Schnceraq|{t. 

£Ur/niwr« eocednta Mrcnch. 

apAtal* JCsjg tl Pttv. tk k_J 

diJCoUir Umdl. * | j 

bM^iliJurb I4iul/. * I I 

hyfariiU Swt. ^ I i 

IIIoMm Hof<. S I I 

tutr. 8 lonKifI6ra Horl. 1 1 I 

toa^fl^ra Rort. 1 1 | 

P. lomgipodmmcmldia Bntao. 

■pcdbM Hori. S I I 

grondifltea Horl. ^ ■ | 
pnBVxtt Horl. ^* l_J 
ThomiMteM Hort. A l_J 
ezoortlc4Ul..JE/. *lJ fiff. 668. 
Skinmtrm. ejteorlicdia Psnt. 
Odicr Varietki 



Pa«c 



Lt/th 



iracecB, 



a •_] 



HcimteS I B 

Miicif6Ua Umk H OUo. il | fiK. 669. 

jr«Mr*a talUipMa H. B. et Kunth. 
l^ltkrmmjidvmm Spreng. 

«qrrtifftlia Hort. Beroi. il _J 
l4ltkrmm apdlaium Sprenff. 

UneariOlia Hori. t^ ^ 
H. mtteifbiia var. 

l^Qitica Dee. H _J 
Lagcntroe^mte ii CD 

indlcaL.iiO flg- 670. 
pttTif 6tia Ra»b. ft O 
ngtaUB Jto*b. ii CD 



945 

- 945 



• 946 



Pa(i« 



TamaricdcecB. 



_ 946 



- 946, 947 



L TA^MARIX Desv. a 
Thb Tamabisk. 

The ipecie» ^t&marix itfamMors tkat 

have 4 stamen» and 5 «tam.iw. 
Tamariit Fr. 
TomaruAm, Ger. 

] . e611ica I^. ft France - fig.671. 947 

llie French Tamartek. 

T. narbon^nsis Lob. 
Tamariscus gdUicus AU. 
Tasnariscus pentdndrus Lam. 

Farie/tef A . . 948 

1 itibtms Ekrenberg A 

2 narboDinsis £ArA. A 
8 nll6tica J^ArA. ift 

4 arb^rea Sieb. A 
6 manntfera Ehrh. tt 

6 heteroph^lla Ehrh. A 

7 UbBn6Cica Z.odtf. dfc 

Tbc BoMmazy-lilcc Tamariak. 

App. i. Other hardy Species <»• Varieties of 
Tdmarix. A . . 948 

T. tctmndra Pol. ft 

T. gdttiea Habl. 
r. Mza WUld. Sk 
T. dongJUa Lod. A 
r. gricUi» WUId. Sh 
T. hlnlda WiOd. dl 

T. aeiiediHfra var. Pall. 

T. nflfiM tior. fi WiUd. 

T. (ommrftM Smith. 

T. con^EKviu DeiT. 



r. fsmciflMlma £«J. Hi 

T. f tfiltca Sirren. 
r. PallMt' Dar. Mi 

T. penidmdra Pall. 

T. jrdtflni Blcb. 

T. pamicmUta Slcr. 

r. citpreiaifbrmis Led. A 
r. parrlflin Dw. itt 
r. lccrigrna ^AmtA. A 
r. efr(ua iUmi&. stt 

App. ii. HcUf-hardy Sorts of Tdmarix. 949 

r. aftlcluia Mr. 

T. gdUiea var. y WUld. 
r. canarienais WiUd. 
r. p7cnoc&rpa JDrc 
r. pattcrinetdH IM. 

vor. 1 divaric^ Bhrk. 
8 Hamm6n<« Ehrh. 
S macrocAxpa SArlk. 
Other ^peciM or SorH. 

11. MYRICA^RIA Besv. A 946. 949 
Thb Mybicaria. 

The species qf Tdmarix qf authors that 
have monadelphous stamens. 

1. SQTtniinica Detv. » Europe f. 672. 949 
The German Myricaria, or Qerman Tamarisk. 
Tdmarix germdtuca L. 
Tamarlsciu gcrmdmcus Lob. 
Tamariscus decdndrus Lam. 
Tdmarix decdndra Moeocb. 
Ttnnari* d*JUemapie^ Fr. 
Deutschen Tamartsken^ Ger. 



2. dahurica Dec. A Siberia 

The Dahurlan Myricaria. 

Tdmarix dahurica WlUd. 



- 949 



App. i. Other Sorts of Myricdrta not yet 
introduced. - - 950 

H. squarodM Desv. 

? M. dahhrica var. 
M. longlfblia Dec. 

Tdmarix germdnica PaU. 

Tdmarix decdndra Pali. 

Tdmarix iongifdlia WiUd. 

M. Unearif6Ra Desv. 
M. herbilcea De^f. 

Tdtnarix germdnica subherbdcea FaU. 
M. bracteata Royle. 
M. dlegans RoffU. 



PhiladelphdcecB. 



-* 950 



I. PHILADE^LPHUS L. a - 950,951 

Thb Philadelphus, or Mock Orange. 
Svrlnga TVmm., not ofL. 
Philadelpktu^ Fr. 



Ffeifensirauch (Pipe Shrub), Ger. 

JPipe Privett Gerard. 

The Sjirmga of the gardens. 



§ i. Stems stiff and strtxiffhL Fbwers in 

Racemes. - . 951 

1. coronkrius L. i> South Europe 

fig.673. 951 



The garland Philadelphnt. 

Syringa suavMens Mcench. 

Vdrieties tk 

1 vulgaris Schkuhr. A 

2 ninus MUL A 

3 flore pUno £.ocUL A 

4 Tariegatus £od!(2 tt 



951 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxi 



Pag* 

t Cc,) inodonis L. a Carolina f.674. 952 

Tbe aeeatieu^Jlowered PhQadelphus. 
STTliiga inodora Moench. 
F. ld*itt in many Ens^h gudens. 

3. (c.) Zeyhen' Schrad. ft N. Amer. 952 

Zeylier*! Philadelphiu. 

4. verrucofius Sckrad, A North America 

f. 675. 952 
The warted FhilAdelphus. 
P.groMdOlorwLind]. 

5. (v.) latifolius Schrad, • N. America 

fig.676. 953 
llie broad-IeaTed Fhiladelphas. 
P. p»b4$eem Cels. 

6. (v.)florib6ndus&;Ara(/.AN.Amer.953 

Tbe abondanC-llowered Philadelphufl. 

$u. Staut tnore tlendert rambUng, twiggy, 
md looee. Flowere sciitaryy or 2 or 3 
toge^. . - . -954 

7. Vaxus Schrad. • N. Amer. f. 677. 954 

The loote-«rowntf Philadelpbus. 
P. kkmiUa Hort. 
P. jmbiscau Lodd. 

8. (L) grandiflorus WUld. A N. Amer. 954 

The hrfe.aovered Fblladelphui. 
P. nMMfonu Hort. 
P. IdnuLodd. 

9. hirsutus iyr«//.A North America. 

f. 678, 678 a. 954 

The hairf-J^amef FhUadelphus. 

P. «aiAnu and P. gradUs Lodd. 

10. tomentosus Wall. A Nepal - 955 

The wocXtj-leoved PhUadelphus. 
F. nepoMuis Lodd. 
? P. triflortu Bojle. 

U. DECUMA^RIA L. » -J -* 950. 955 

Thb Dbcumaria. 

FortfMA WaU., not ftf Vahl. 

1. barfaara L. -* Carolina f. 679, 680. 955 

The barbaroos Decumaria. 
D. radiean$ Moench. 
D. F&rs^tUa, Miekx. 
D. prostrdia Lodd. 

Variety Jk . . .955 

2 aarmentdsa Dec. Jk 
D. sarmentosa Bosc. 
Pors^tUtL seandens Walt. 

App. I. ffalf-hardy Ugneoue JPlant» of the 
Order VhHadelphdcea. - 956 
Deutzid scabra Thunb. «^ f. 681. 950. 
D. corTmb^ R. Br. 

TkOad^pksa corymbdens Wall. 
WaU. 
Wali. 



D. 
IL 



!IHB A* B^m 



MyrtdcetB. 1\^ *\^ 

& I. Melalxu^cx.b. 1 lJ 

«tWiM MNctrWto BoC Hap. 
Bi 
Ci 



iitfadwaatitfaJt. a»-. ft uJ 
noivUltaaX.ar. A l_J 



»l-J 956 

L-J - 956 

fiff. <i8i. 95i5 

flg. 633. 957 
fig. 634. 957 



CgrAcUlaa. ar. Ai i 

C. quafdrittda A. ar. A | | 

C. claTiLta Cunnimgh. ft [l 
MeUletoi aquAmM LtMtlTlk \ | 

M. UnenriAlia Sm. ik lJ 

JTflfnwWrM I^M>fi<f%/M Cav. 
M. polch^a a. ar. dtL lJ 
M. AjpcrlciftUa am. tt O 
M. M|aarT6u Sm. ^ lJ 
EadMinia tctragtea a. ar. £ l-J 



fi<.685. 



Page 

951 
957 
957 
957 
967 



- 957 
flg.687. 957 

- 967 
flg.686. 958 



Sect. II. £nLEPTosPE'RMajB. t uJ ii l-J 958 

Eacal^ptos rerinifera An. f uJ 

ThtlromBarkTree. 

E. rob6«ta Sm. f |_J 

Tkt SMngy Bar* Trte. 

E. vimlnUU XaKU. ^ LJ 

E. omjgdAUna XrfiMa. ± \ | 

B. piporlta Sei. 1 i_J 
Tlke aitw Gmn Tr*e. 

E. oonUta LaMtf . ^ ij 
B. polTeralAita Mnw. ^I-J 

E. tordttUi HartToerol. 

B. dlvenlfbUa Boml. £ |_J 

E. canH^a Dom. 

B. ptMHta Hort. Berol. 

E. MercphdUa Swt. 

B. aiww&tfWia Hoit. 
Beveral other Spcciei ot Bueal^ptns 
Angdphara ctndif&Ua Car. tt \__\ 

MetroMkrot kU^v* Sm. 

A. Ianoeol4ta Cav. A l_J 
Tke if Mle Tree of Nev H<riland. 

MetroeUiroe aflimdtm Oartn. 
CaUlatimon «al(gnus Dec tk i I 
MelreeUtroe %aUgiute Sm. 

C. lanceolAtus Dcc. H lJ 

MetroeUiroe ImwtMtue Sm. 
MelroeUiroe ctirina Bot. ACac. 

MetroddftrascorifoUus FM. il lJ 
Tlie Corit-lMived Iron Wood. 

Lfplo epi i mum aeMgwim 8m. 
LrptospArmum lOBndlfDUum SIhi. SI l_J 
L. lanfanmm AU. ii l_J 

PAOaiMlAiw lon^rM Ait. 
BiUMia maritinAu R. Br. Sl i { 

Leftotf^rmuim iMrip'iia<MiiLabiU. 

B. flesttdsa D. Dom. tk lJ 
Fabrlcfa n^rtifbUateWa. il t-J 

F. stricta Lodef. * lJ . 
Bv^ckia TirgAu AtUr. ft |_J 

Leptoep/rmum virgUmn Fonk. 
MelaUiua virgdtoL. fil. 



flg. 688, 689. 691. 958 

- pL 188. 959 

flg. 692,693. 959 

flg.694,695. 959 

flff. 696,697. 959 

• flg.696. 959 

- flg.697. 959 

. 959 



• 959 
fig.699. 960 

- fig. 702. 960 



• 960 
flg. 700. 960 

fig. 705. 961 

fig.701. 961 

• 961 

- 961 

- 961 
fig. 703. 961 

> 961 

fig. 704. 961 



Sect. III. Mr^KTKM. IlJ «uJ 



961 



PliidtamCattlcjdm0n8abine. t lJ 
CatticVs GnaTa. 

.. P. eorfAcnim Marah. 
P. Mn^mie Lodd. 

ilfyrtus communis L. m\ 

The Gonunon Myrtle. 

Varieties tk l. 



flg. 706. 961 



- 961 



96S 



\ 1. Melanoedrpa Dec. Hi i - 9fia 

1 romlLna Dec. A tj 

Tbe oeroman breudJmed, or Raman, Mntle. 

2 terentlna MiU. Je. g^^^T'"^' "^™»- 
The Tanntnm, or Bag-leavlt Mntlo. 

3 itilica MiU. Diet. m7j 

Tbe ItoUan. or umrigkt, MyTee. 
4 ba/tlca MiU. DM. • ij 

Tbe Andaloslan^ OraugXved, MjtOe. 

6 Iiuit&nica £. il ij 
Tbe Portagal Mjrtle. 

M. ocAte MUl. Dict. 

^ Sbi6t*ar. ? Thc NotnMg Mntie tk | | 

6 b^lglca ilf iB. Dict. •CJ 

ne broad-lecTed Dutek Mvrtle. 

Suboar. The double-flowered MTTtle. 

7 mucrondta Z,. il i_j 

The aoMmary, «r rAyme^oMl MjTUe. 

S li. Leucocdrpa Dec. «lJ - %3 

»c&rpa Dec. 
ThewLite-benied: 

\ lii. Garden Varieties. AlJ - 963 
1. Gold-strlped broad-loaTed MyrUe 



8 leucoc&rpa Dec. ^ \ i 



Ixxii 



CONTENTS. 



2. Broad.le«ved Jew*f Myrtle il ij 

3. Gold-ftriped Orange-leaTed MyrUe 

• lJ 

4. SlWer-itriped ItalUn Mrrtle ft l_J 
6. Striped-leared Myrtle * lJ 

6. SllTer-itriped Rosemary leared 

Myrtle • ij ,, , 

7. SUver-stripied Nutmeg Myrtle 

• uJ 

8. Cock*8-coinb, or Blrd*i-neit Myrtle 

•l-J 

9. Spotted-leeved Myrtla il l-| 

Jf. toaMQtiiM i<tt. * l-J - flf . 707. 964 

M. omAc«iw Lour. 
M. tmviaUs »11. • L-J - ■ »•* 

Sect. IV. CHAMiBLAUCtt A • 1-J - 964 

Chiiinrtrt^ftam dUttiim Dttf.f^ lJ -.,«,' JSJ 

C&iythiixgabn «.Br. AlJ fl«. 708. 9M 

C. CTloSldM OKimiitffA. * l-J • - »** 

Dnlnte tedcnUrls Aad^. ■ LJ ' ^ 



PassiflordcecB. 1 ICD 1 -J 964 

PMUIteACBUMl^ Jl • «H-^OQ. 964 

MT. S aagiutifMU iirertf. JL 

3 glancophyila Hart.\X 

4 ColrilMi Svt. _| 

5 necm^ ^orf . _& 

P. Inctfn^ ^- 4 ^ ..., • .r ^ J^ *•• "**• '" 

The flesh-cotouwd OTMUidUl*, or Majf AfpU. 

P. fUlaBfbUa L. i CD^ . „- ' ^ 

Thc lime-trae-lMTcd Puilaii Flower. 

Other Speeie» or Farieiies. - 965 

DitteRUiadlttitlf&lialte. ^_.J., flg. 711. 965 

Pataiflbra adimitirUfiBot. Mag- 

ijaplmutlBCipnlaJiiM. A— J ' ''^ 

Patt{lli>M pitmatUHrnlaCvr. 



CrassuldcecB, «- «lJ 

5Mum populUbUinn L.n. 
The Poplar-leaved Sedum, ©r SUmecrop. 
Anaedmp$ero9 popul(fblia Haw. 

SemMrriTnm •rbtecnm L, il lJ 
Tbe xree Honedeek. 



965 
- 965 

flg.7»^ 965 



MesembrydcecB, ••lJ 

itiryinthemum L. • ' 

Nitraridcece Lindl. • •» 
I. NITRA^RIA L.mjt 

Tbx Nitba^u. 

1. Sch6beri L. • Russia - 

Schober'8 Nitraria. 

Farietiet tk - 
1 siblrica m fig. 713. 

N. eibirica Pall. 

S dispica * fig. 714. 

N. cdapica Pall. 

2. tridentito 2)«f/. J» Barbary 

The three-toothed Ummd Nltmia. 
Ptgaium rttiuMm Fonk. 



966 

• 966 



- 966 

- 966 

- 966 



CojctdcecB. 

^vnlgMs «{».«. I 

oammoD Indieo Flg» er Pridkfy 
OktetOpMJeL. 



967 

- 967 



- 967 



GrossuldceiB Dec. • -* 967 

I. RrSES L. • -* - - 967, 968 

Thb RiBBa. 

GroenUdria Toam. 

Ckryeobdtrya, CaUMrfO, Core&nma^ 

and Rfebes, Spadt. 
GroteHlert Fr. 
Jokanniebeerey Ger. 
KnUtbee, Dutch. 
Uva Spiia, Ital. 
GroeeUa, Span. 

§ L GroetvldruB Ach. Ricb. A - 968 
A. Flower» greeniik vfkUe. 

1. oxyacaDthoide8lr.ACanadaf.7I5.968 
The Hawthom-/^<ived Gooaeberxy. 

2. Betosum Lindl. m N. Am. f.716. 969 
Tbe brUtly Gooieberry. 

3. triflorum W. • North America 

fig.7I7. 969 
The three-flowered Gooseberry. 
R. ttanUneum Hom. 

4. (t.) niveum Lindl. A North America 

fig.718. 969 
The anowy-^werAl Currani-like Gooaeborj. 

5. (t.) Cyndsbati L. • Canada f. 7 19. 970 

The Dog-Bramble Gooteberry. 
R. ? irifidrum vor. 

6. (t.)diyaricatum2>atfg/.« N. America 

fig.720. 970 
The spreading-^aMcAAf Goofeberry. 
R. ? trifUrum var. 
R. ? Grossuldria var. trifidra aubear. 

7. (t.) irrlguum Dougl. A North America 

fig,721. 971 
The weU-watered Gooseberry. 
R. ? trifldrum var. 

8. hirtellum Micho!. A N. Aroerica 971 

The sUghUy YMlry-brtmcked Gooaeberry. 

9. gricile Michx. A North America 971 

The slender-frrosacAetf Gooaeberry. 

10. aciculare Smith A Siberia - - 971 

The acicular-«pni«rf Gooseberry. 
R. ITita-critpa SteTers. 

11. Grossularia !>. m Europe - 972 

The conunon Gooceberry. 

R. Trva.crispa OBd. FI. Dan. 

Grottuldria ktrsi^ MUl. 

R. IPva-cHtpa var. 6 taHva Dec. 

FetAerry, Cneshire andtbe N. of England. 

Feabet, NorfoUi. 

Grozert, in Scotland. 

GroteiUer d Maquereau^ Fr. 

Gritelle, in Pledmont. 

Gemefne StackeXbeere, Ger. 

Vva Spina, Ital. 



CONTE^PTS. 



Ixxiii 



P«ge 
Varietieg li . • . 972 

2 UHra-cHspa Sm. A 
R. tPw-erispa L. 
U^-ertspa Fuch. 
IPva^ina Math. 
R. IPva-crUpa var. 1 syMstris 
Berlandier. 

3 spiDoslssiina Berl, MSS. A 

4 reclinata BerL MSS. m 

R. redindtum L. 
GroenUdria reclbuita MUl. 

5 Besseruina Berl. MSS. A 

R. kpbrtdum Besser. 

6 subinerinis ^er/. AfiS'<S'. Sk 

? R. G. recUndta subvar. 

7 xnacrodkrpa Dec. A 

' 6 bracteata BerL MSS, A 
Otker rariettes, A 
Tbe Red Champagne. A 
Horsenian*s Green Gage. ft 
Tbe Red Rose. A 

a. 5orfs ((^ Gooseberries belonging to tkis Division not 
yet introduced. - - 974 

R. wttdiag Dooid. 3(SS< 
B. <r«bnM Binl. 



JL rnndiMluui X. «# R 
a. rOTnifitm itcwfc. «< .^r». 

R Plowers red. 

12. speci^um Pwsh, • California 

fig.722. 974 
The tbomj-Jtowered Goouberry. 
R. «lomliMicm Sm. 
R.JucM»lblde» Ft. Mex. 
R. /ruieaitttem Menxles. 

a. Sorfi «tf Gooseberries not vet introduced belong-. 
ing to tkis Subsection. - - 975 
a.lfaBij2aaPianh. 

M. ■kraphyHBni H.R.tl KuM, 

$ n. Botryc&rpum Dec A - 975 

13. orient^le Potr. A Svria - - 975 

Tbe Eattern Currant-like GooieberTy. 

14. saxatile Pall. A Dahuria - 976 

The rock Currani.Uke Gooseberry. 
? R. alpmum Slerers. 

15. Diacantha L.JU, a fig. 733. 976 

The twiii.prii±led Cwrron^ftire Gooseberry. 

16. laciistre Poir, m N. Amer. f. 724. 976 

The Iskeside Currant.like Gooteberry. 
? R. oxyacantho\des Michx. 
R. eckindtum Dougl. MS. 

§ iiL Ribesia Dee. m Jk - 977 

A. Fkvers greenish, or greenishyeUow^ or reddish ; 
and Pruit, in a wild StaU, red. . 977 

17. rubnmi L, A Europe - - 977 

The eommon red Ctnmmt. 
R. vulgdre N. Da. Ham. 
Grosmkr commont Fr. 
Gemeine Jokannisbeere, Ger. 
Koode Jallessen Boomy Dutch. 

Farteiiet A - - •* 977 

1 syW^re Dec. A 

2 hort^nsc Dec. A 

R. rUrsrm Lois. 



S db-neum Beri, MSS, » 

R. rkbrum domisticum % baccis 
cdmeis WaUr. 

4 Tarieg^tum Dec. A 

5 lilbum Desf. dl 

6 foliis Itlteo variegatis Du Ham, A 

7 foliis dlbo varie^tis Du Ham,m 

18. (r.) alpinum L. « Europe f. 725. 979 
1 be alptne red Currant. 

Varieties A - - - 979 

1 st^rile Wallr, A 

R. dioicum Moench. 

2 bacciferum WalB-, • 

3 piimilum Lindl, A f. 726. 

4 foliis variegitis jSbr^. A 

19. (r.) petrse^um Wulf, a Carinthia 

fig.727. 979 

The rock red Corrant. 
R. alpinum Delarb. 
ne tPOoUv-leeufed Currant. 
Tke red Marsk-maUowleaved Ourrant, 

20. (r.) spic^tum Robs. ft England 

fig. 728. 980 
The BpfkefAJIotoered red, or Tree, Currant. 



21. (r.) carp&thicum KU, A 

Mountains 
The Carpathian red Currant. 
R. oc^rrtmccm RocheL 



Carpathian 
- 980 



22. (r.) multifl6rum JTU. tk Croatia 

fig.729. 980 
The many*flowered red Currant. 
R. spiedtum Schultes. 

23. (r.) procumbens Pall. Jk Siberia 

fig. 730. 981 

The procnmbent red Currant. 
R* pofycdrpon Gmel. 

24. (r.) pros^ratum L. -* North America 

fig.731. 981 



Theprostrate red Cnrrant. 
R. glandut^um Ait. 

Variety Jk 

2 laxifldnjm 4c 



- 981 



R. qSTne Dougl. 
R. lax(fldrum ru 



MSS. 
ursh. 



25. (r.) resindsum Ptarsh. ft N. America 

fig.732. 981 
The resinouB red Currant 

26. (r.)trlfidumikfic^r.Jk N. Amer. 981 
The triMrcalyxed red Corrant. 

27. (r.) albin^rvum Mtchx, di Canada 982 

The white-nerved./lff0iF0(f red Currant. 

28. r^ens Michx. A Canada * 982 

The stitt.racemed red Currant. 

29. punctitum R,etP,m Chili f.733. 982 
The dotted.feaoe<f red Currant. 

30. (p.) glandulosum R,etP,A Chili 982 

The glandular-ca/y.rctf red Currant. 

h 



Ixxiv 



CONTENTS. 



a. Speeies or Farietiet of Blbet belemging totke Sub. 
dMsion Kf^ihe Sectian RSbdsla. wkxch are ng 
yet introduced. - ■ ^ 

B.. fikgtm Patt. 
K. hecertftTicbam Mtjfer. 
R. bnctebiuin DangC 
R. tobMteiun Mijfer. 
n. tnlNtl6min BtduiMU 
JL maefSboaj* R. et P. 
Jt. AlbMftram R.«tP. 
R. dliteum WUU. 

K.JonilUiU€ H. B. «t Knnth. 
R. hiJtum TAymb. H Bompt. 

K.fHgldum H. B. et Kanth. 
R. camnanuUtnm niHiA. <f liDMpl. 

K. a/fhw H. B. «t Knnth. 
R. Kiknthli Bcri. _ 

R. wuiUmrum H. B. ct Knnth, not of Klt. 
JL Tak^rt D. Uoa. 
Jt. acuminAtam Walt. 
R. TUloMun WaU. 

B. Flowers greenieh ueUoWj sometimes witk the Tips 
qftheSepalsemdPetaUrcd. Fruit Blaek. 983 

31. nlgnimL. a Eiirope fig.734. 983 

The black Currant. 
R. 6lidum Moench 
Capis Poivrier, Fr. 
Sckwartse Johannisbeerey Ger. 

VarieUes A - - - 984 

2 b&ocA fliLvidi Gard, Mag. A 
S b^ca vlride Hort. A 

4 fdliis variegfltls VHmorin, Wk 
Garden Varietiea, 

32. (n.) trfste Pall A Siberia 985 

The sad-co/btrred, or dark-blossomed^ black 
Currant. 
R. aUdicum Lodd. 

33. (n.) fl6ridum VHerit. ft N. America 

fig.735. 985 

The flowerjr black Currant. 
R. nigrum S L. 
R. petmsylodnicum Lam. 
R. recurvdtum Mlchsc 
Rib^lum nigrumt SfC. DIll. 

VarieHes m - - 986 

3 grandifldrum Hort. A 

5 parviflorum Hort. Sk 

34f. (n.) inebrians lAndl, a N. America 

fig. 736. 986 
The intoxicating black Currant. 



35. c^um DoiigL 



N. W. America 

fig.737. 986 
The wtxyUeaved black Currant. 

36. viscoslsaimum Pttrsh. * N. America 

fig.738. 987 
Tbe ▼ery dammy black Currant. 
Cttre6sma viscosissima Spach. 

37. hudsonianum Hichardson. tt North 

America - - * 987 

The Hudf on's Bay black Currant. 
R. peUoldre Dougl. 

38. glaciale WaU. m Nepal - ' - 987 

The icy black Currant. 

a. Species or Varieties <tf Rtbes belonging to the Di- 
vision Bofthe Seeiion Ribtela, urAic* haoe not 
yei been introduced . . 987 

R. Blchenteinif Bcrl. 

R. onedriftiwi Bieb. 
J|. TltdMam A. it P. 



Pa«e 

C. Fbnaers deep red. Prmi black. 

39. sangulneum Pursh. » N. Araerica 

fig.739, 988 

Tbe bloody, or red-Jknoeredt Currant. 
R. malvdceum Sm. 
Caiobitrya stsnguinea Spach. 

VaHeHes A - - - 988 

2 glutinosum Benth. A t 740. 

R. angiistum Dou^. MSS. 

3 malvaceum Benik. A f. 741. 

4 itro-riibens Hort. A 

a. Species or Varieties qf Rlbes belonging to ihe Divi- 
sion Cqflhe Section Rlbdsia, wkich have not utt 
been iutrodueed. - - - 989 

40. atro-purpikreum Meyer. A Siberia 9S9 

The darlc puiple-Jlofwrtrf Coxnnt. 

Varieties * - - 989 

1 Flowers deep purple, &c. S 

5 Leaves ratber pubescent, &c. A 
3 Flowers paler, SccA 

§ iv. Sympkocalyx Dec. ft - 989 

41. adreum Pursh. • N. Am. f. 742. 989 



Tbe golden-:jflotirerod Currant. 
R. patmdta Desf. 
Chrysob6trya revoliUa Spach. 



- 989 



Varietiet ft •> 

1 pr8e\M>z LintO. ft 

2 villosum Dee, A 

R. longi/Urum Fraser*s Cat. 
S serotinum LindL A f. 743. 

42. (a.) tenuifl6rum LindL * N. Amer. 

fig. 744. 990 
The slender-flowered Currant. 
R. aAreum Colla. 
R. fldvum Berl. 
R. missouriSnsis Hort. 
Chrysobitrya Lindleykok Spad. 

Varieties » - - - 990 

1 fWictu nigro A 

2 fHitu likteo A 

43. (a.) flavum CoU. « - - 990 
The yellovr-flowered Currant 

R. aAreum 3 sanguineum Lindl. 
R. pahndtum Desf. 
R. aureum Ker, but not of Pursh. 
Chrysobdtrya intermklia Spach. 

App. i. A Classijication of the Species and 
Varieties of Ribes in the HorticuUural So- 
ciety^s Garden in 1 B36. - - 990 



EscallomacesR. » • i_j 992 

I. /TEA Ir. * - - - - 992 

Trk Itba. 

Cedrila Lour. 
Dicondngia Michx. 

1. virglnica L. a N. Amer. f. 745. 992 

The Virginian Itea. 



II. ESCALLO N/i4 Mutis. 

TiiB Ebcallonia, 

Steredxjflon R. et P. 



- 993 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxv 



E. rubra Pen. m _l 
Varietie* 



Pafle 

- fig. 746. 993 
J - - 993 



1 g1al»1<lacula Hook. et Am. tk I 
S aUdiibn Hook. ei Arn. m _J 

S.jifamimibm Bot. Cmb. 
3 pubesoeiu Hook. ei Am* A |_J 

£. montevid^nsis Bec. m — J fig. 747. 993 
B. fiartbtaida vor.6 monievitUmU Schlecbt. 
£. Mfida Llnk et Otto. 

E. floribunda H, B. ei Kuntk. m -J 994 

£. reaiDosa Pers. ii — J - - - 994 
SleredgifioH resiml^emn R. et P. 

E. pulvenilenta Per». • — J - - 994 

Sleredsykm pmieertdimtum R. et P. 



Saxi/rdffecB, a « uJ • Jj 294 

Tribe Htbra^noejb. « AlJ A_I 
L HYDRA^NGEA L. • ai-J «-J 994 

TdK HYDaAMGRA. 

Hpdrdngea and HorUn^ Juu. 

1. arbor^scens L. * North America 

fig. 748. 994 

Tfae arfaore s cent Hydrangea. 

Varietiee A - - - 995 

1 TiJgaris Ser. A 

H. vuigdrit Michx. aod ? Punh. 
H. arbori»cent Curt. 
H.fmU*cens Moench. 

2 diacoJor Ser. A 

2. (a.) cord^ta Pursh. A North America 

fig.749. 995 
The oordate-feavrd Hydrangea. 

3^ niYea Afichx, fli North America 

fig. 750. 995 

Tbe mawyJeaeed Hydrangea. 

H. radihia Wtft., not of Sm. 

Variety ... 995 

2 glabella Ser. 

4. 9iiercifolia Bartram. fli North America 

fig.751. 995 
The Oak-leaved Hrdrangea. 

H. radiiita Sm., not of Walt. 

5- heterom&lla D. Don. A Nepal 996 

Thediyene<halred-lMwd Hydrangea. 
App. i. Half-hardy Species ofHydr&ngea. 996 

H. Borttnfa KM». ft^ fig. 7dS. 
larCw. 



Thiutt». 



ir. AafMuif Sm. 

«aUnLaiB. 
«tAMpm. 
I tammm» Lour. 

rrrdfM and ViMnwm 
ITctt. Al_J 
IL«liWaairw.ft|_J 



UmbelldcecB. 



997 



-»UPLEU^RUM T<mm. • iiLj 

•-J 997 

Taa BvPLBDauM. or Hart^$ Ear. 

Tendrim and Buprittit Spreng. 
^teU Banb. and Mor. 
BwpUore^ OreiUe de Lievre, Fr. 
HatenSkrteint Ger. 



1. firuticosum L. m S. Europe f.75d. 997 

Tbe shrubby Biq>leurum. 

Tendrimjruticdsa Spreng. 
Bupr6siisfiruticd$a Spreng. Mag. 
SdseU mtkidpicum Bauh. 
SdseU/ritte» Mor. 

App. i. Half-hardy Speeies of the Genus 

B«j9&i2rum. - - 998 



B. ffihnlttxlcoBi . 

B. torideeum L'HArlt. 
B. aMfnmi Vahl. 

TmMM eeridaa SpiCDg. 

B. vtrHeti* Ort. 
B. flantaffxman Detfi 

IVntf ria p/oMMyfi 
B. cu^nm Sdtemab. i 
B, tnalutmomt» L. il L. 



iSpnBc 



AralidcecB, • L 
I. ARA^LIA L,m 

Thb Aralia, or AngeUca Tree. 
Ardlia sp. L. 
ArdUte virts Blum. 



- 998 
- 998 



I. spinosa L. m N. America f. 754. 999 

The ipiny Aralia. 

AraUCy Fr. and Ger. 
Spikenardy N. Amer. 

Other suffiruticose Species of Aralia. - 999 

II. .«'E^DERA Swartz. i- - 998, 999 
Thb Ivy. 

Ardiia^ sect. Qymn6pterum Blum. 
"RMera and AraUa tp. L. 
Lierre, Fr. 
Ephen, Ger. 

I. Helix L. L. Europe - - 1000 

The oommon Ivy. ^ 

Varieties L • - 1000 

1 Yulgiris Dec. L f. 755. 

2 canari^nsis Dee. i. 

H. canaHMsis WUld. 
? 3 cbrysoc&rpa Dec, i. 
H. podtica C. Baub. 
H. chrysocdrpa Dalech. 
H. "Dion^sias J. Bauh. 
R H^tr Wall. 

Additional VarieUes in British Gar- 
dens. 

4 fdliis arg^nteis Lodd. k. 
The hHver-sMped Ivy. 

5 foliis a6reis Xodef. |_ 
Thfe golden-#/r^<rd Ivy. 

6 digit&ta Lodd. L 

Tbe palmate, or kand-skaped, Ivy. 

7 arbqr^cens LodcL i_ 

The arboreioent, or Tree, Ivy. 



HamameliddcetB, tm" 1006 
L /fAMAME^LIS I,. 5 a 1006, 1007 

Tbv Hamamblis, or Wyt^ HascL 
Trilbput Mitta. 

1. virginica L.^ m North America 

fig.756,757. 1007 
The Virgtnian Hamamelis. 

Virginitcke Zaubemutt, Ger. 

h 2 



Ixxvi 



CONTENTS. 



rarieHe$ - - - 1008 

2 parviflora NutL 

S macrophflUu 

H. macnpk0Ua Funli. 

App. i. OtherSpeciei, notyet introdneed, 1008 

B. p^nlca Dfc. 
H. chinincU Jl. Br. 

IL FOTHEROrLLil L. • 1007, 1008 

Thx Fothbroi'lla. 

1. fllnifolia L. 2 North America 1008 

Th« Alder-leaved Fothergllla. 
P. GdrdnA Mick*. 
Httmamili$ monoica L. 

VarietieB A - - - 1008 

1 obtiisa Sim9. A f. 759. 

F. mdjor Lodd. 
F. aln^ia L. fil. 

2 aci^ta Sim$. A 

F. Gardeni Jacq. 
S major Sima. A £ 758. 
4 ser^tlna S^tiM. A 



Comdce<B. 5 



L CCyRKUS L. « 

Th^ Doowood. 

ComoufUer, Fr. 
Hartriegel, Gcr. 



1009 
- 1009 



5 i. Nudijlbra Dec. J » - 1010 

1. altcmifolia L. A 'St North America 

fig.760. 1010 

The altemate-leaved Dogwood. 
C. aliima Marsh. 

2. sanffuinea Z/. • North America 

fig.761. 1010 

Tho bXooi-red-leaved, or common, Dogwood. 

C.fot^mina RaU. 

Virga sanguinea Matth. 

Female Comel, Dogberry Tree, Hound 
Tree, HmayTa-berry Tree, Pricktoood, 
Gttien or Gatten Tree, Gakr or Gatier 
Tree, Cateridge Trce, Wiid Comel. 

ComottiUer iauBoge, sanguin, oT/emeUe; 
Puine, or Bois punais, Fr. 

Bo^er Hartriegel, Ger. 

SanguineUo, Ital. 

Varietie» A - - 1011 

l S Ptirshii Don. ft 

C. Miiii^NM Punlfe 
3 fMiis yariegkti» A 

C. eat^iditHmaJbl. var. Lodd. 

3. 41ba L. • N. America fig. 762. 1011 



4. fa.) Btricta Lam. • North America 
^ ^ fig.763, 764«. 1012 

The •traight-AroiidkAl Dogwood. 
C^asiieiAta Michx. 
C. sanguinea Walt., not of L. 
C. cuaisocarpus Gmel. 
C. canad^nsts Hort. Par. 
C. orrUlea Meerb., not of Lam. 

Varietiee ft - - 1013 

2 asperifolia Lodd. ft 
S sempervlrens Xodci. A 

5. (a.) paniculatai'irm/. m 5 North 
America - - ^.765. 1012 

The panlcled,^ltw<rfiw Dogwood. 
C. racemdsa Lwm. 
C.foe^mina MUl. 
C. dtrifblia Hort. Far. 

rartettes* - - lOlS 

2 iUbida Ehrh. m 

3 radiata Purah. A 



6. fa.) sericea VHerU. • N. America 

^ ^ fig.766. 1013 

The sHky Dogwood. 

C. lanugindsa Michx. 

C. dlbayfsii., not of L. 

C. Amdmum Du Roi. 

C. m^i^fsdsa Ehrh. 

C.ferruginea Hort. Par. 

C. candidissima Mlll. 

C. cyanocdfTK» Moench, not of GmM. 

Varietiea • - - - lOlS 

2 oblongifolia 2>ee. • 

C. ohlongif&lia Rafln. 

3 asperifolia Dec. Sk 

C. asperifblia Michx. 

7. (a.) circinata UHerU. « N. America 

fig.767. 1014 

The rounded-leotwd Doffwood. 
C. tomcntosa Micbx. 
C. rugosa Lam. 
C. virginidna Hort. Par. 



Tbe white-firuited Dogwood. 
C. stoionlfera Mlchx. 
C. tatdrica Mill. 



8. obl6nga WaU. 'l Nepal 

Thc oblonff-laawrf Docwood. 
0. lUMca^ Hmmilt. 



C. macraphyHa WW. • 

C. «sc6)ca H. £. eT jrimtt. • 



^ § ii. InvolucrdtiB Deo. 5 



C. dlwifldta Moc. tt Sm«. !f 
C. gnhtdU Cham. 

C. Updnics Tftwnft. ¥ 



- 1014 

. 1014 
> lOU 

- 1014 

.1014 
. 1014 



. 1012 



Varietiet • 

2 circiniltum G. Don. A 

C. circindtum Cham. 
Musquameena, Meethquan.vee- 

meenattiek, and Meenisan, oFthe 

Cree Indians. 

3 sibirica Lo^irf. • 



9. mAsL. 3t Europepl.189. f.768. 1014 

The male Dogwood,<*« Comel, or ComeUats 
Cherry Tree 

C. mdscula L*H^rlt, Sec. 
Long Ckerry Tree, Comelia. 
ComouiUer mdle, Comes, ComeiUes, Fr. 
Komel Kirsche Hartriegel^ Ger. 

Varieties X - - - 1015 
2 fr6ctu cdras coloris N. Du Ham. S 
S variegatus ¥ 

10. fl6ridaZ.. I^ N. America f. 769. 1017 

The Florida Doswood. 
Virginian Dogwood. 



CONTBNTS. 



Ixxvii 



Pam 

IL BENTHAW.1 Lindl. 1 1009. 1019 

Tu BsirraAsaA. 

Cdnmt 9p. Wall., D«c.| tnd G. Don. 

1. fragffera LindL t Kepal f.770. 1019 

The StmrbenT-bearing Benthamia. 
capaedtoWaU. 



Ijoranthdce^B, *^ loso 
L n'SCUM L. 1 t - -1021 

THfi lClSTLITOB. "T* 

Mf9tddme. 
Gui^ or 6«y, Fr. 
Mittl, or MisMei, Ger. 
F(«O0, or Visckio, Ital. 
i>;pciino4fc!gfa, Span. 

L ilbum Zr. i 1 Europe f.771, 772. 1021 

The white^/Mfird, or coimnoM, Histletoe. 



r. 
r. 



App. L OtAer Speciet of Viscum. 1025 

Rtgts. 



- 1026 



Ute. 



IL AVCUBA Thunb. « - 

TBS A17C0BA. 

A6kuba Ktemaf. 
SiAatiM SaliaS. 

L jap6nica T^unb. A J&pan - 1026 
The Japan Aucoba. 

Eibasit dicMtomns Salitb. 
SpeUedJeaved Laurel^ Japa^JaOiurel, 

App, I. LoraniKdcent not iniroduced, 1026 



i <*ii il h M cardB0*iis £. 



worantliaB. 
Waa. 

Scfaaltn. 
SpKla. 



l-OffatiloaK. 
IkOoctfMiak 



Caprifolidcea. - 1026 

Seet I. jSambu^cejb. 

1 A fli i^O «i-J 1027 

L ^ABCBirCUS Toum. 5 • . 1027 
TbbElobb. 

Vkifteiima Loor., not of L. 

A Lena pim m a te. Flowers cymose or corymbote. 

1. nkraL. 5 Europe pL 190. f.773. 1027 

Tbe eoniMon, or XAMk-fruited, Elder. 

JBtwrrry. or Bour Treey Amtree, Scotch. 

SureaUt Fr. 

HoUauder, Ger. 

SamHuOt ital. 

Saucot Sabuco, Span. 

AMtfrr, Swed. • 

JS^Afe, Dan. 

rarietUs S . . 1028 

S virdsoens 2>ee. ^ 
S. vir^seens De«f. 

3 leucoc&rpa X 

4 laciniata $ 

The Parsley-leaoed Elder. 
S. laciaiuta MiU. 



5 rotundJfolia 2 

6 moDBtrosa 1t 

S. moiufrotii Hort 

7 fotiis argenteis ± fig. 775. 

8 fdUis Kiteis t 

2. canad^nsis L. ^ North America 

fig. 776. 1030 
The Canadian Elder. 

a. Spedes <tf Bambheus beUmgiug to ihis Subdivision, 
not ffet introduced. - • 103O 

S.palm6uliXAdir. 
8. inezlcftaa Prul. 

S. «nMplfM Cbam. «t Schtocbt. 
8. pcrvTlAna H. B. §t Kwdh. 

8. «wm^otou Willd. • 

B. Leaoes pineutte. Flowers ponided» 

3. racemdsa L, m South Europe 



The racemoie-jlowerrtf Elder. 
S. montdna Cam. 
S» ctfrvbu Tabem. 

Variety tt 
SUdni&taJ:bcA. A 



fig. 777. 1031 



- 1031 



4. (r.) pubescens Michx, ft N. America 

1031 

The downy Elder. 

S. racembsa Hook. not of L. 
S. pub^scens Lodd. 

rarietyA ... 1031 
9 heUph^Ua A 

C. Leaees bipinnate. 

S. ctraUAdea De^f. - . . . losi 

Phyte^wta Uj^mtdta Lour. 
8. jihytcujnOldci Dte, ... 

PkyUmma oKMnekiiUfuit Lour. 



lOSl 



IL riBU^RNUML. I^ « « aO AU 

1027. 1032 
Tbb Viburnum. 

C/pulus, yibumum, and TUnu» 

Toam. 
ViburTutm and <ypulus Mcencb. 

§ i. T^ntis Toum. A aU - 1032 

1. 21nu8 L, * South Europe 

fig.778. 1032 

The Laanutiniu. 

V. laurtfdrme Lam. 
T)nus Toura. 
Tlnt» Xaurifdlia Bork. 
The Laurestiney Wild Baie Tree, Gerard. 
Fiome, Laurier, 2Vn, Fr. 
f Lorbeerartiger Sckneeballt SckwalJken- 
strauch, Ger. 

Varietiee ii • • . 1032 

2 hirta Ait. th 

V. TJni» MiU. 
y. mddum MUl. 

3 likcida Ait. M 

4 Tirgita Ait, m 

5 stricta Hort, m 



A. Ba^-hardy Spedes qf \ibummn beionging to the 
Section T\nus, . . 1033 

r.ntBtamPen.M\ | flc. 779. 

V. TiiiM var. tMcUt AiU 
V. ttrfdyM Link. 
V. rtgidum Vcnt. 



Ixxviii 



CONTENTS. 



Pnbs 

§ ii. VibumuM Tourn. Itm mC3 «lJ 1033 
Lentdgo Dec. 

2. Lent^ X. A 2 North America 

fig.780. 1033 

The Lentogo, or pUanUbrtmched^ Vlburaum. 
Tree Fibunutm, Camada Fibmmum, 
Fiome d Rameaux pendans, Fiome bii- 

sante. Fr. 
Bim blatteriser SekneebaU^ Ger. 
Canadiscke Sckwalkenbeer Strandi^ Sch- 

loalken Strattch^ Hayne. 

3. (L.) jDrunifoliuDi L,Alt N. America 

pl. 191. 1034 

The Flum-tree>leaTed Vibumum. 
V. LeiUdg^J>u Roi. 

4. (L.) pyrifolium Poir. m N. America 

fig. 781, 782. 1034 
The Feu--tree>leaved Viburnum. 

5. (L.) nildum L. a North America 

fig. 783. 1034 

Tfae jaked-commbed Vfbumum. 
V. fjfrifilium Foir. 

Variety A - . . 103.5 
2 squamatuin ft fig. 784. 
V. $quamdtum WiUd. 

6. cff«ftnoides L, * North America 1035 

The Castine-like Vibumum. 
V. punctdtum Rafin. 

7. (c.) laevigatum WiUd, • « N. America 

1035 
The nnooCh Viburnum. 

V. casaint>}de« Du Rol. 
V. lanceolutwn HiU. 
CasBlne pardgua L. 
Casstne corymbbsa MUl. 

8. Lantana X. * 3t Europe f. 785. 1035 

The Wayfaring Tree. 

V. tomentosum Lam. 

Wild Guelder Rose, PUant-branched Meatv 

Tree. ^ 

Fiome cotonneuse, Camara, Fiome com- 

mune^ Coudre-moinsinnet Monaerme, 

Fr. 
Sddingstrauch, WoUiger SckneebaUy and 

ScnwaUce$utrauch, Ger. 

Varieties • 3E . . 1036 

2 gnindifdlia Ait. A 1t 

V. L. latifdUa Lodd. 

3 foliis variegitis Lodd. tk ± 

9. (L.) lantanoldes ATtchx. A X North 

America - - fig. 786. 1036 

The Lantana-like Vlbumum, or American Way- 
farine Tree. 

V. Lantdna /9 grandifbtia Ait. 
V. grandifoUum Sm. 
V. Lantana fi canadhuia Fert. 
Hobble Bushf Amer. 

10. (L.) dahuricum Pall A Siberia 1037 

The Dahurlan Vlbumum. 
LonicerA mong6Uca Pall. 
Cdmus ddiirtca Laxm. 

11. ( ?L.) cotinifblium D. Don. m Nepal 

fig. 787, 788. 1037 
The Cotinus.Ieaved Viburaum. 



12. dent^tum L, A North Ameriai 

fig.789, 790. 1038 
The toothed-leaeerf Vibumum. 
V. dentdtum Utcidum Ait. 
V. dentdtum glabdUum lOchz. 
Amne-utood. 

VarieHes A - . - 1038 
pub^scens Lodd. A 
foiiis Tariegatis Lodd. m 
acumin^tum ZxmU. A 
longifdlium Lodd. 3k 
montanum Lodd. A 

13. (d.) pub^cens Pursh, A N. America 

1038 

The downy Vibumum. 

V. dentdtum /3 pubiscens Ait 

V. dentdtum semi-tomentosum Michz. 

V. tomentdsum Rafln. 

V. viUdsum Rafin. 

V. Retfinesqfii^van. SchuUes. 



14. (d.).nltidum Ait. A 
The tidnlx^-teaved Viburaum. 



N. America 
1038 



A. Hardp Species qf VibAmum bekmging to the 
SecUon Vibumum^ not yet introduced. 1 088 



r. paactktnm HamiUi. 
V. ■cuminfttuin vrall. 
V. elUpticiim Hook. 
V. iM!rv6tum D. Dom. 
r. conlif oUum WaU. 
r. Multdha Hamilt. 
V. stellAtum WaU. 
r. inTolucritum WaU. 
V. er6nun Jluuib. 



B. HaV-hardif Species qf VibAmum behngit^ to the 
Section Vibfimum. - 1039 

r. odantfttlmum Ktr. H uJ fiff. 791. 

Coffte momotp^rma Hook. et Arn. 
K. Tillteum Smuta. tk d] 
K. moiidgynum Btam. 

§ iii. 0'puhu Toum. A - 10S9 

15. 0'pulu8 L, m Europe fig. 792. 1039 

The Guelder Rose. 
V. lobdtum Lam. 
(ypulus gtanduidsus MoBDCfa. 
(ypulusfiMii. 
Sambiuus aqudtiea Banh. 
Marsh Elder^ Rose Eider^ WaUr Btder. 
Fiome-Obier, FObier ftEurope, Fr. 
SchwaUtenbeer Strauch, Wasserholder 
SehneebaU^ Ger. ' 

Varieties A - . . 1039 

2 st^ilis Dec m 

V. O. roscum Rcem. 

7%: Snow-baU Tree^ GueUer 

Rose. 
PeUoUe de Neige, Boule de Kcige, 

Poire moUe, Fr. 
Sch$ieebaUe,Qet. 

3 foUis variegdtis Lodd. A 

16. (O.) flcerifolium L, North America 

fig. 793. 1040 
The Maple-leaved Guelder Roie. 

17. ( O.) orientale PaU. A Asia Minor 104O 

The EaBicm <tucl<ler Kaw. 

iypvlut vrieatdliifolio ampliuimo trH^iMto TouiB. 



1 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxix 



18. (0.) Oxyc6ccos Pursh, Mi NortE 

America ... I04i 

The CraDberry-fimHed Guelder RoM. 
V. (^mlSida Miihl. 
y. trUodum Marsh. 
V. Qfpuku americdna Alt. 

Variety A - . -1041 
2 subint^rifolius Hook. A 

19. (0.) edule P«<r«A. A North America 

1041 
The edible-.^ftAAI Guelder Rote. 
V. (y/m/icr «d&/u Mkhx. 

2a (0.)m611e ARcAx. A North America 

1041 

TT>e i B ft Iw m r J Gndcfar Hoie. 

A. ^en y YtftumiiiM AtAmvtA^ A> <A« Section 
(ypuhu, not yet iniroduca/. 1041 

•[•■dcneiipa akak e( SdUwM. 

rSfiKK 

*. cjBflBticBBi am. 
r.KnDdiflanan Wair. 



Sect II. LoiricK^ns^. * Jt J ft. ft._r 1041 
II. DIERVrLL^ Tourn. a 1027. 1042 

Tu DmviLLA. 

LonlorraM. L. 

We^lBM. Pers. 

1. caoadensis FTiflJtf. « North America 

fig.794,795. 1042 
The Canadian I>ierTiUa. 
Lonkerti DiervUla. L, 
D. Toum^fthm Miclu. 
D. hknuli» Pen. 
D. HUea Pursh. 
D. trifida Mcench. 
D. arcadihuit Du Ham. 

App. i. j^peciet of DiervtOa. not yet iniro' 

dMteed. . . 1042 

1^«^ eMwAui* Thnnb. 



IV. LONFCER J Desf. • .» f. .5 J -l 

1027. 1042 
Tn LoMiCBRA, or Honeyntckle. 

Lomicem sp. L. and many anthors. 
Caprifbiium and Xpl6$teum Jnsa. 
Xfimteum, Caprtfdlium., Chanueci' 

rontf, and Terici^memtm^ Tourn. 
C^ir^btium and Lomcerz Bcem. 
Lomcerz and XyUkteum Torrey. 
C»^<^Zfe, Fr. 

GeisMMatty Honeigblume, Lonicerei 
Ger. 



Caprifdlium Juu. anJ Roem. 
XtfMicrra Torr., not of SchulL 



1043 



A. Hnpen ringent. — dgnijhtinm Toum. 

1 Periclymenum L. ^ Europe 1043 

The Voodbine, or eommon Honcyeuckle. 
feridPmeuumf Ger. 
feriolfmguumgermdnicum Rfr. 



Pace 
FmVdymatttm horthue Oesn. 
Caprtfolium Fericl^menum Roem. et 
Schultes. 

Ivaticum Lam. 



Caprifblium spJvatit 
CaprtfdHtan Kaii. 
Woodbind. 



ChhvrtfeuOte det Bois, Fr. 
Wildes gemeines Geissbiatt, Ger. 
Getaoone KamperfoeHe^ Dutch. 
Zejfo Bosco, Ital. 
Madre Selva, Span. 

Varieties A - - - 1044 

2 serotinum .<4t<. .1 fig. 797. 

VericlQmenum germdnicum Mill. 

3 b^gicum jI 

F0rtc/,^fiim«*n germdnieum Mlll. 
Dlct. 

4 ^ercifdlium .^tY. ^ 

2. Caprifdlium I,. ^ Europe f. 798. 1045 

The Goat's-leaf, or pale peffoliaie, Honeyiuckle. 
Tericl^menum peitfobdium Ger. 

S. (C.) etr(]sca Santi. A fig. 799. 1046 
The Etnucan Honeysuckle. 

L. etrOsca Hort. Fl. Austr. 
Capr\f6lium etniscum Roem. et Schult. 
Verielumenum Gouan. 
Capr^oUum itdlicum perfolidtum pra^cox 
Tourn. 

4. impl^xa Ait. S. Sicily fig. 800. 1046 

The interworeni or Minorcat Honeysuckle. 
CaprifdUum imjUixum Roem. et Schult. 

Vanety%. - - - 1047 
2 bale^rica Fto. i. 

Caprifdlium batedricum Dum. 
L. baledriea Dec. 
L. CaprifdUum Deaf. 

5. fl^va &mt. -^ North America 

fig.801. 1047 
The jfWou.flMoered Honeysuckle. 
Caprifdliumjleivttm Ell. 
Caprjfdlium Frdseri Pursh. 

6. (f.) pub^scens Swt. J North America 

fig.802. 1047 
The pubescent Honeysuckle. 

CaprifdUum pubiscens Goldie. 
L. hirsiUa Eaton. 
L. GdAfli Spreng. 

7. parviflora Lam. J^ North America 

fig.803, 804. 1048 
The fmall-flowered Honorsuckle. 

Caprifdlium parvifldrum Pursh. 
L. dioica L. 
L. midia Murr. 

Caprifdlium bracteosum Michx. 
CaprifbUum dioicum Rcem. et Schult. 
Capr^Wum glaucum Moench. 
Glaucous Honeusuckle. 
ChevrtifeuiUe dutique, Fr. 
MeergrUnes Geissbidtt, Ger. 
Middelboore KamperfoeUe, Dutch. 

8. (p.) Douglastt Dec. J N. America 1048 

ttoiiislaa'1 Honcymckle. 

9. grata AU. %- N. America f. 805. 1048 

The pleasant, or evergreen, Honeysuckle. 
Ci^ri/dUum grdium Purab. 
L. virfinidna Marsh. 
? Fertclymenum americdnum Mill. 



li. mlcrophtlla Fiook. 



1019 



Ixxx 



CONTENTS. 



B. JLM qT CMroOa marlv eqmal. — Verid^memtm 

Toam. - - 1049 

10. setnpervirens Ait, t. North America 

fig.806. 1049 
Thc cvergreen Trtampei Honcysuckle. 
Caprifdlium $fmperv\rens Hichx. 
Veriel^menum temvervlrens Mill. 
KlatimuM sempervtren* KcBhl. 
Terictymenum virgmlacum Rlv. 

Farietiest. ... 1049 

2 major Ait. i. 

The large Trumpel HoneysucUe. 

3 minor t I 

The smmll Trumpet Honejtuckle. 
? L. confKJta Mleerb. 

11. ciliosa Poir, S North America 1050 

The ciliated-Zeatvtf Honeysuckle. 
Caprif^ium cibomm Parsh. 
X. cOidta Dietr. 

12. occidentalis Hoo*. ^ N. Amer. 1050 

The Weitem Hcoeysuckle. 

Caprifdlium occidenldle Lindl. 
Caprtfolium alidsum Dougl. MSS. 

L. pUtea mtfrf. - *, : - *^ 

Caprifbliimi tUfiinmi H. B. ct Kuitfh. 



§ IL Xyl6»tevm Dec. 



J t. 1050 



XtflSiieon Juss. 

Xotdctfra JZomf . et SckMtlt, 

Xvldsteon and Chamdtcifrasus Toura. 

J^flisteum and Islka Adans, 

Coba^ Neck. 

The Ply Honeysuckle. 

Hackenkirscke, Ger. 

Hondsbezien, Hondskarsen^ Dutch. 

A. Ovaries and Berries altogetker distinct. Stems 
scandent. Ftowers irregular. ~~ N intolM Dec. 

1050 

13. conffisa Dec. -J Japan fig. 808. 1050 

The confiised Honeysuckle. 
Nintoba cortfusa Scot. 
Jxmicerajapdnica Andr., not of Thanb. 
Nintoo, Sintoot Kaempf. 
CaprifdUumJapOnicum Lood. Hort. Brit. 

14. longiflora Dec. -2 Ohina - 1051 
The long.flowered Honejrsuckle. 

Caprifblium longifldrum Sabine. 
Nintoba longifldra Swt. 
Caprifdliumjap&nicttm D. Don. 
Caprtf&lium nepalinse G. Don. 

15. jap6nica Thunb. i. Japan 

fig.809,810. 1051 
Tho Japan Honeysuckle. 
Nlntoda^aiM^tca Swt. 
L. chindnsts Hort. Kew. 
L.fiexudsa Lodd., not of Thunb. 
L. glabrdta Roxb. 

Caprifdlium chininse Loud. Hort. Brit. 
Caprtfdliumflexubsum Hort. 

a. Hardy Species qfLonicerA belonging to the Divi- 
sion Nintoda ttf the Section Xyldsteumt not yet 
Htroduced. - - - 1052 

L. cochinchintosis Don^s MiU. 

L. Xyldsteum Lour. 
L. TeKairtt Hook. et Am. 

L. Yerieiymenum Lour. 
L. LecbenafiltiiWall. 
L. glabraU Wall. 

L. n\gra Thunb. 
L. acunin&ui WaU. 
L. dirersifbUa Wall. 
L. ilg(istrina WaU. ^ 

Xyl6steum Mgiistrinum D. Don. 

jtyiosteum Kaisdca Hamilt. 



L. UnoeoUta WaO. 
L. can^scens Schousb. 
L. bifldra Desf. 
L. bracteita Boyle. 
Several other spedes of Lonieera. 

B. Serries distinee, or usuaOy connaie togeOerat Oe 
Base, and diverging at tke Tin. CoroUa hardly 

fibbous ai the Base, or equal. --.Cham^oirasi 
)ec. - . - I05S 

16. tat&ricaL.* Siberia f.81 1,812. 1052 

The Tartarian Honevsuckle. 

XylAsteum corddtum Moendi. 
Xylistetsm tartdrieum Dum. 

Varietie9 * - - • 1058 

2 albiflora Dee, A 

L. pyrendica WlUd. 

3 rubriflora Dee. A 

L. grandifliArum Lodd. 
L. siblrica Hort. 

4 liktea Lodd, A 

5 latifotia Lodd, m 



- 1053 



17. (t.) nigra L. • Europe 

The black-A«<^ Honeysuckle. 
Caprtfdlium rhsetun Lam. 
Chamadrastu n)gra Delarb. 

Variety a - - - 1C5S 

2 campaDifldra II fig. 813, 814. 
Xyl6stetan caa^antftdrum Lodd. 

18. (t.) ciliata Mvhl. « N. Amer, 1053 

The ciliated-l^avecf Honeysuckle. 
Xyldstettm ciUiltttm Fursh. 
L. tatdrica Michx., not of L. 
L. canadinsis Roem. et Schult. 

19. pyrenaica L. • Pyrenees - 1054 

Tne Pyrenean Honeysuckle. 

Caprifdlium pyrendiettm Lam. 
XyUsiewn pyrendicum Toura. 

North Aroerica 
fig.815. 1054 

The crimson-^tourererf Honeysuckle. 
^^mphoricdrpos ptmiceiu Swt. 

North America 
fie.816. 1054 

The bony-wooded, or ttpright, F& Honeysuckle. 
CaprtfoUum dumetdrum Lun. 
XylAstetim dumetbrttm Moench. 

VariHiee * . - - 1055 

2 leucociirpa jDec. S 

3 zanthocdrpa Dec. A 

4 melanoc&rpa Dec. A 

22. flexuosa Thunb. A Japan - - 1055 

The flexlble.««eiwn«l HomtiucU*. 
L. wl^ra ThTinb., nct of L. 
L. brachjfpoda Dec. 

a. Hardy Species qf LonicerA, belongina to the Dhri- 
sion Chamtecdrasi qf the Section Xylistetmt, not 
y<rt introduced - - - 1065 

L. fafapida PM. 

C. Berries eitker distfnet orjoined together. CoroBa 
very gibbotis at the Base. Erect bus^ Shtrttbs. 
— CupharUha Dec. - - 10» 

23. involucrata Banksi ■« North Araerica 

fig.BlT, 818, 819. 1055 
The invoIucratfHl Honcysnckle. 

XyMsteum involucrdtum Rich. 



20. punlcea &ms. 



21. Xyl6steum L, 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxxi 



a. Ilmiif9Becie$ qfLomken, Momging io tke DM- 
akm CmphdmAte eitke Seetiom X^Oaleum, wMidk 
imiromtoed. 




1066 



LMwfiittM Dmt. 



Ht & et KnBu» 



D. Serrkt heo om eaeh Pedmmele.Joimed togetker in 
eoe, mkidk is U-mmMUeate at tke Apes. Sreet 
kraoMtg Skrmia — Utkm Jdaiu. . 1066 

^. alpfgena H. M Europe 

fig.820,821. 1056 
HwtfpliM HoaeyiucUe. 

Qyrjyaiww» akdmmmt Lam. 
CemifiUimne oMgemmmt Geatn. 



bua a^tigena Bordi. 
blcalteaaMoBiich. 

ii4^feM«HM Lodd. 

«mf alpigeiM DeUrb. 
Ckerrg WotmM me: 
Oectemkirtcmef CSer. 



- 1056 



Fariaty A - 
S sibirica Dee, A 
I*. MMtriea Vett* 

25. fa.) microphf lla WiUtLmSibenA 1057 

TheinaIl.le«Ted HoD^ytuckle. 
L. a^ e m a Sierer*. 

S6. obloDgiidlia Hook, m North America 

ag.822. 1057 
The oiiloBg.leaved HooeyfucUe. 
■ XgUetematoUot^i^iUmmtQoldie. 

27. cmriAetL L. m Eur. f. 823, 824. 1057 

The llbaa-berried HonergocUe. 
L.9iadeaMmA. 
^/Ueteom milAemm Micfaz. 
J^fUsieom Soldia» Eatom. 
L. «eteffaM* Dee. 
L. aUdica PaU. 

JMetemmocteridemmeamadimelam. 
^fUetemm» eamadimee Du Hem. 
Ca ^ iJ 6 Um m » cterhlemm Lam. 
CAenMo/ramw cwrUea Delarb. 



Asia Minor 
1058 



£. mnremdiea Pall. 
£. FaUdOL Led. 

28. (c.) orientalis 2>im. i 

The Orieotal HoneTracUe. 
L. eamcAeica Pall. 
L. eterklea Gtild. 
GAdMtcietfrantf oriemidlia lamr^dHa Toum. 

29. ib^rica Bieb. A . . . ]058 
Tbe Gcorgiiaii HoneymcUe. 

XgiOeteom Mricmm Bleb. * 

•- Bard!/ Saeeiea cfihe Oemma Lomieer^ Momgimg to 
«e DMtiom Iftkas </ tke Seetiom XglSdmm, 
metpetifUrodmced. . 1068 

LWMyMWan. 

{-o.«i»«wyi. 



V. SYMPHOMCA^RPOS DUl, m 

1027. 1058 
Tki 8t. Pma*! Wobt. 

Sampkoricibroa Neck. 
Sm mp koria Pen. 
InftMiAw Wllld. 
Xoiife«rajp. L. 

1. TulgariB JficAjr.A N. Am. f.825. 1058 

Tbe oaBmKm St. Peter*! Wort. 
LenieeruSpmmAoricdrpoalj. 
9. parw^fldra Detf. 
S/pi^Mria eomglomerdta Pen. 
^fwv^kria glomenUa "Pmh. , 



rarietji A - - - 1059 

3 I81iis variegitiB A 

5. glomerdtaJbUia variegdtia Lodd. 

2. racemdsus Jl^^. A fig. 826. 1059 

Tfae racemoflet/loto«reef St. PeCer*s Wort, or 
Smotoberry. 

Spmpkbria racemAaa Purafa. 
L, lemooedrpa Hort. 

App. L Slardjf Speeiet of Sfpa^phoriedrpo» 

not yet imirodmeed, - - 1059 

B. eoiMmam tUehmrd^. 
Wo^bmrrv, Ai 



VT. LEYCE8TE^R/i4 Wall. *uJ 

1027. 1060 
Tu LBTGBanwA. 

1. formdsa Wall. Ai-J Nepal f.827. 1060 

The beautlAiI Leycetteria. 

HamtiAi commdta Puerarl MSS. 



^vhicuxiB. - 1061 

f _J •* Mi_| tLi_| i.LJ 

I. CEPHALA^NTHUS L.m -1061 

Thb Button-wood. 

1. ocddent^s L, m North America 

% 828, 829. 1061 
The Wettera BnttOD-wood. 
C. oppoaiti/6Uma Moench. 
Swamp Qlobe Flotoert Amer. 

Varieiy S . . . 1062 
S brachypodu* Dee. m 

Some other Speciea of CephiJinthuB. 1062 

App. L JBalf-hardy Ugneoua Planta Uiomging 
to the Order Rubidceea. - 1062 
Ptoohttiy a phbti M *fa** { — J <lf.830. 

CfMfttaa MraiiattiM Ptair. 
StrtuataifMt Commu »■ I— J flg. 831. 

l4feUm^jHf^uum TliSb. 

h!fcimitfi^«dmmL.tA. 

I^dHM Micwn Ri (a 

Mrfa/MckitMte Loor. 

IfiMMdii eomrommmdm LHMt. 

JDywrfajb^AfaSalM». 

A^enMHdflf /raMcftM DmT. 
PMeatna ptedaJa AU. m ij 

MUivlBHMirte Relib. 
l^lUs Nbbim L. m 

AnthoMtftuMun thMpkmn L. ilt I 

AmftrMa HiMnri Wabh. 
Mbtafrittlcteifil. tt. Lj 

]l.yViMe6M mmMmZ* Pdr. 
Bonirtfidte Jaoqutoif i7. B. a Kum/k. m i) 

A.MjpMttaHart. 

00MAfiU ePMTiMa BoC Rqi. 

Kfliilt«lafttftMCliain.«t8clilceht.L LJ 
Jr.«ord4fMfaMait. -. — 



Lobeliace^. 



106S 



r*M «aUdlMla O. Dm. m lJ 
LoMUTApaiUC 
£oMiaffaairita Slnit. 
LobMla Mlic</Mia 8wt. 
LobWaaiMfmAr«<. ? ILiJ 
L. «iiiMw ClkMi. iLiJ 



CcanpcatuldcetB. m i^ io63 



M 6«eM« adm OiMNorf . tt i I 
- • L. 



Ixxxii 



CONTENTS. 



Compdsitee. - loes 

I. ST^HELrNil Lessing. • • -» 

1063. 1064 

Tn Stjbhblina. 

SkgkOhUt Fr. and Ger. 

l. diibia L, • S. Europe fig. 832. 1064 

The doubtflil, or Rosemanf-ltmed, Staebellna. 
8. rosmarmifdUa Cass. 

App. i. Half-hardy Spede» of SUduRn^ 1065 



8. ClMDa«|i«bea £.. ^ ^ 

IL BAXCHARIS i?. j?r. • «-J 

1063. 1065 
Thi BACCHAiifs, or Plougkma»*9 Spikeuard. 
Baeehante^ Fr. 
Baechori», Ger. 

1. Aalimifolia I». • N. Am. f.833. 1065 
The Sea-PursUme-leaved Beccharto, or tke 

Groundsel Tree. 

Senecio orboriseenM Hort. Kew. 

2. angustifblia Purth. • N. Ainer. 1065 
The aarrow-leaved BaccharU, or PUmgkman*» 

SpikeHard. 

A.||loiMndfUmJrMb.A - »««« 

B. DlMcdridU W. • «J - • lOw» 

HL IVA L. • - - 1064. 1066 

Thb Iva. 

1. frutescens L. • N. Amer. f. 834. 1066 

The ihrabby Iva. 
hMiraiocM 
BaHordJestafa Bark Tree. 



hgirato afftnisperuvidnaflrtUiiceut Pluk. 



IV. SANTOLrNA L. «. 1064. 1066 

Thb Sawtouwa, or Lapender Cotion. 
Santoline^Tr. 
HeiUgeniifiamte, Ger. 

1. ChamaecypaHssus L, » France 

fig.835. 1067 
The Dwarf Cypreu SantoUna, or oommon La- 
vender Cotton. 

2. (C.) squarrosa W. n. Europe 1067 

The iquarroie (? leaeed) Santolina. 

Abr^tanum/te^minafiliit Eriae Morit. 

3. viridis W. n. Europe - - 1067 

The green Santollna. 

4. rosmarinifdlia L. & Spain f. 836. 1067 
The Rotemary-leaTed SantoUna. 

V. JRTEMrS/i< Casa. i 



1064. 1068 



Thb Abtxmisia. 



1. i4br6tanum I». • Europe fig.837. 1068 

The AbroUnum Artemlaia, or Soutkermoood. 
hhroianu» mat Dod. 
OldMan. 
Armoi$e Aurone^ Aurone de» Jardintt la 

Citronelle, la Garderobe^ Fr. 
Eberrante^ IVermutk^ 5fa6ur«rte, OarteU' 

tpurtz, Ger. 
Abrotano, Ital., Span., and Port. 

Varietie* tt - - - 1068 

2 bi^mU? Hort. m 



3 tobolskiAnum Hort. m 
A. iobolekidna Lodd."" 

8. 5^t6nica L. & Asia fig. 838. 1068 
The Smtonlca Artemitla, Tartarian Souikem' 
unod^ or Wormeeed. 

iLrtemMn,firuiic6ea^ ^c, OueL 

3. arbor^scens L. • Levant - 1069* 
The arboieioent Artemisia, or Troe Warm^ 

wood. 

Abtlnikium arboritcen» Lob. 
Abttnte^ Armoite en Arbre, Vr. 

App. i. Otherhanfy SpeeietofArtemUiaulOes 

JL. praotas ^a 

App. iL Heif-haTdySpecUeofkrtminM, 1069 

A. vgtotaK iltt. • lJ fi«' oi- 

VI. HELICHRY^SUM Leumg. «- 

1064. 1070 

Thb Hbuchbtsum, or Eeerlaeting Pbwer. 
Part eS QnapkdUum L. 

1. fitoeVhas D. Don. «. Europc - 1070 

The StcBchas HeUcfarTSum, or eeemmm^Skruibg 
Eeerlatting Flower. 

GnapMlium Stee^dka» L. 
Ste/ckat cUrina Dod. 

App. i. Hd^f-hardy Spedea of Kdiehrj^nim, 

1070 

B. frtUeam P^fly . IL lJ Bg* MO. 

QmmlMimmfrMeamaL. 
iimapkMimgrmmdiflbnmB<i».ti»p. 

H. eanfteiim O. Dan. Si- |_J Bf . 841. 

H. ai>lciilARim LadU. 
H. cta»l&Unm Ladd. 
a. diToilfiUnm l^. 

H. niolAte LoM «- lJ 

VIL CINERAHIA XeMti^. tt l-I t — I 

10(54. 1071 
Thb Cinbbabia. 

Ciinrra/rv, Fr. 

ilscAe^n/fmoe, Oer. 

• ^^ 

1. marftima 2/. l. .-J S. Europe 1071 

The wti-tide-ittkabiting Clneraria, or tke Sea 
Sagwort. 

Cinerdria T>od. 
Jacobof^ maHOma Bonp. 
SiciUa» Ragworu 

App. L Half-hardy Spedee of Churdria. 1071 

Ccnifata fi(.84S. 

C. UctM tt- lU * 
C. omteMt tt. lJ 
C. Ii^brida M. i^ 
C. ropuHfiUA BL lJ 
C. blcolor tt. lJ 

C. lulMatt-LJ flf. 145. 
C. ««tf6lia «L lJ 

C. omeltOldm 11- l_J flff. 84S. 

i«fflM«lB ectefij Cm. 

App. I. HoXf^hardjf Genera bdonging to the 
Order Comp6»iteB. - . 1072 

Colowf tl« «allcifMis JVmdk. n. i_J 

OmaMmatatteifilialJa^ 
ArctAUs i^Mra L. tt. lJ 
JMdatacttmteam ff. K. M uJ 

D. •pinbsam 17. JT. 1 lJ 
Baickh^a craudlfltea W, M lJ 
CvUbmia R. Br. A L-l 

OthdQna flabolliftlia M. CU. IL i^ fi«.847. 

O. vtrgtmaa h. 
O. piimku Bat. Mag. 
O. pectinkta* lJ 
O. coraioplfbUa A tj 



CONTENTS* 



Ixxxiit 



Ol 

Al 



rM.fl. lJ fiff.851. 



FW« 



» D. A» tt. 
L. 
BlJ fig.8SS. 



i. 
i. 



»mlM.mi flg.8M. 

i.f«cf.iii_J 

LJ fiii.855. 
li.*l_J fls.856. 



raHrai/UiaL. 



.M flt.8A7. 

• ^LJ fl«.868. 




LJ flff. 859. 



Epaeriddce<B. 



:IL Br. fllu 

nvdkMtffyti ffteiM aiOTB(. 
iJLBr. *l.J 




I A. Ar. * |_J flR. 801 J 
IfMlcItadsib 

'^mea»Km9m.miZ} flc.80S. 




R. Br. A LJZflf- M9. 
CA«lJ 

«Brf. •Uj 

crCcmpdiiCM. 



1075 



'EricdcetB. - - 1076 

5 1 la t—i • •u • «a •lj 

•-J • «. ■. «J JK JU fc.i_J j|>, 

Sect. I. EMfcmm, . 1076 
t f iO A AlJ ii VlJ j> tt. m.^ 

^ t. u 
il lEHetm normdk». S 0. 1« auJ 1076 

L £BrCA X>. Dott. m m. 1076. 1079 
TMiBbatb. 

Brica ip. of L. «id other auihon.] 



1. r^tralix L, m. N. Eiirope. f.864. 1079 

Tbe four-leaTed Heetfa. 
E. botumrmis Sal. 
E. barbdriea RaU. 
E. pdnHOa Park. 
E. T. ri^bra Hort. Bric. Wob. 
Tke erots4ett»ed Heath. 

Varietiesn. . . - 1079 

1 rikbra Sart, Erie. Wob. n. 

2 c&mea Loudon*» H. B. sl 

3 iUba Hort. Eric. Wob. s. 

4 M sckatdna n. 

E. Ifodtaitoa Bab. 

2. dn^re&L.n. N. Europe f.865. 1079 
The grey Heath. 

E. matabatt Salisb. 

B. kkmilie Neck. 

B. tcnuifMia, Ger. 

B. c. rwtra Bedf. HorL Eric. Wob. 

Varietieen. ... 1080 

9 atropurpillrea Lodd. m. 

fmhtkLodd. o. 

4 plUlida ZocU. «. 

5 cam^soens Lodd. a. 

6 prolifera XodcL n. 

7 strlcta /xnUI h. 

3. arbdrea L. m South Europe - 1080 

The Tree Heath. 

E.tcopdrta Thunb.,exclu8iveof thesynoD. 

E. c^ffira L. 

B. trifldra Berg. 

B. proeera Sal. 

Farietie» « - - . 1080 

2 styldaa i>on*8 MilL m 

3 squarrosa Hort. m 

4 mininia Hort. m 

4. (a.) jDolytricliifolia Sal. m Port. 1080 

The Polytrichum-leaTed Heath. 
? fi. arb&rea var. 
fU.a. ttylbia Hort. 

5. (a.) codon6de8 lAndL m Europe 

fig.866. 1080 
Tbe bell-ihapedVKotMrtetf Heath. 

6. australis L. m Spain fig. 867. 1081 

The 80uthem Heath. 
E. pistiUdrU Sal. 

7. Btricta Donn. « Italy fig.868. 1081 
The uprlght Heath'. 

E. mutticaiUU Sal. 
E. edrsica Dec. 
E. r a m uUe a Vir. 

8. cili^ris 2^. tt. Portugal fig.869. 1081 
Tbe ciUatedJeoved Heath. 

9. sfcula Sckonberg, « 
The SJdUaa Heath. 



Sidly - 1082 



II. GYPSOCA'LLIS Sal. m «. 

1076. 1062 

Thb Gtpsocallm, or Moor Heath. 
Brior of others. 

1. vagans Sal. n. England fig.870. 1082 
The wanderlng GypsocaUls, or Comisk Moor 
Heath. 

Brica wtmam L. 
Eriea «eEga Sal. 
Ertea mmUifidra Huds. 
Erioa dUifma Stokes. 
Brica purpmrdieeiu Lan. 

12 



Ixxxiv 



CONTENT8. 



S ptilida D<m'9 MUL 

3 rub^sedns Bree, n. 

4 purpuriaoens Bree. 

5 ^ba DoH*» MUL m. 

6 tenfila i7oii*« ATifl: 



Pagt 

- 108S 



2. multifldra D. 2>(m. 



South Europe 
fig.871. 1063 



The many.flowered GyptoceUb. 
ErieammUifldral.. 
BrlcaJtifMptfnfSdlMh^c.. Garidel. 
Brlca mJiifidra bmgi-pedieeUdta Wendl. 
Ericapedwtculdru Preil. 

3. c&raea X>. Dcwi «. Germany 

fig.873. 1083 

Tlie flefh-cQlonr<,^lo«eretf GjrpeocaUb. 
Er)ca edmea L. Sp. 
Erkra herbdcea L. Dlu. 
EricaMriAWfSal. 

4. mediterrcbiea D. Don. • 8. Eur. 1083 

The MediternuieaD Gypiocallla. 
Erlca m^iterrdnea L. 
Brlca %iiM Sel. 

III. CALLITNA Sal. u - 1076. 1084 
TRB Galluna. 

Erlca i!p. L. and oCheri. 

l. vulgaris Sal, f^ Europe - - 1064 

The Linff. or Heather. 
Enea vmigdru L. 
La Bruuere, Fr. 
irc»^, Ger. 
Jtjr«», Dan. 
Liusig, Swed. 
Erica, ItaL 
Brezo, Span. 

l/insc, Port. 

Weretk, BuM. 

rariHU$n^ - - - 1064 

1 purptirea />on*« Aftff. lU 

2 spiiria 2>oii'« M/t lU 

3 deciinibens 2>on*a AftS. lU 

4 tomentosa Don*a MiQ. 1L. 

5 ilba i>on*« itfiS. ft. 

6 flore pleno Z>on'« Mill. t^ 

7 foliis variegiittB D(m'$ MUL lU 

8 a6rea jDon*« MUL %>. 

9 ooceinea DotC» MUL ft» 

10 spicfite DonC» MUL fts 

11 Atro-rikbens 1« 

12 8er6tinaftN 



App. I. Li&t of hardy Spoeie» and Farietiea 
of Ericdcea bdonging to the Group ^ricea 
normdle»f ofwhich Plani» are cubtivaied for 
Sale in the Tooting Nur»ery ; with »ome 
additional Name» from the ** Hortu» Wo- 
humenm»^* .... 1086 

App. II. ^rran^emenf of the hardy Heath» 
induded in the preceding Li»t ; ehowing 
which of them are in Flower, in the open 
Garden, every Month in the Year ; and the 
Colour of the Flower, and the Height of 
etteh. « • - - - 1088 



App. IIL Li»t of Cape Heath» wkieh wtd 
etand in the open Air, in Autumnt or tke 
middU of Winter, without Proteetion, mHh 
FahrenheW» Thermameter 7 or 8 Degreea 
bdow Freexing, without tuffering in any way 
from »ueh a Degree of CoUU «i-J - 1089 

CallltU acuroinkte (£r!ca L.) Bot. Cab. flg. 873.* 

a pilUda Hort. Brit. 
oomtMa Hort. Kew. Jc. 

S ilba Andr. Heatk, 

8 rilbra fVendL B. 
ferruginea Ai»dr. Heatk. 
kyvintiioide» Andr. Heath. 
tenuiflbra Andr. Heatk, 

i kllm-Hort. BrU. 

Sldtea. 
tetragbna Andr. Heatk. 

C. pugionifblia 8»l. 
Teiitrlo6«« Sot Uag. 

Scoocinea. 

8 iteUifera. 

4c4mea. 

flOba. 

6mq>6rba. 

7er«cta. 

8 nluuu 

9 hlnata. _ 
Ceriunla (-Brica L.) ierpylUfbUa Lodd. ^flg- 874. 
Dasytothes (£rlca L.) Spannlbuu Andr. Hcath. 

D. di^ra A. ll. 

i). Av«lrtcMdra L. T. „ ^ ^ «„ 

Diemia (^ca L.) conf^rU Andr. Heatk. flg. 87&. 
Erlca anregite Wendl. Bric. flg. 876. 
ailbaHort. flWf. 

campannUte Andr. Heatk. 

oerlntholdet Bot. Mag. 



1 glabridiicula Swt. 
Sbl 



_ iiflpida Swt. 
8 mljor H. Wok, 

4 mlnor H. Wob. 

5 nina H. Wob. 

6 sup^rba BoU. 
'oons^ Wendl. Erie. 
coriraUa. 

B. orticuidri» B. M. 

B. caUH^na A. H. 

I^amprdti» corffdlia Don's MUI. 
cupriflatna IMI. 
globbia Andr. Heatk. 
glomerite Andr. Heatk. 

Eridlis Wendl. Eric. 
itpidula. 
leucanthdra. 
l&dda Andr. Heatk. 

? LamprdtiB Ikdda Don*i MIU. 
'margariticea Andr. Heatk. 
montiuia. 
p^ndula X.odtf. 
perUta. 
pub^acens. 

1 mAior H. Brit. 
i mlnor BoU. 
8 pubeicfotior H. Brit. 
4 T§ma H. Wob. 
ramentiteea iindf'. Heedk. 
setilcea Andr. Heatk. 
tenfeUa Andr. Heatk. 
Eurf lepis (frlca L.) trifl6ra Wendl. Eric. 
GypiocflUf (£rlca L.) intert^xte Lodd., flg. 877. 
iongipeduncuUte Bot. Cal. 
nlgrite Don's MiU. 
Pichysa phygddee Bot. Mag., fig- 878, 879. 
Syrlnmea cru^nte Andr. HeaA. 
9 f up^rba BoU. 
cunriflbra Andr. lUatk. 

1 aurfotia. 
Snlbra. 

di£phAnaDon'«lftff. 
Eweruffa Andr. Heath. 

2 gUbra. 
8iped6ea. 
4 longiflftra. 
5pU6M. 

«xOdans Lodd. 



CONTBNT8. 



IXXXY 



grandttlldn Soi. Mag. 

Ibilmlli*. 

Siap^rte. 
icn^ioeas Jtidr. Heath. 
? loagUlbn Bot. CaL 
nammbn Andr. Htath. 

Smlnor. 

3p41]ida. 

4fdfea. 
? tdmMa J9M. J{«^. 
YcrtlcilUn Aadr. Seaik. 

Sm^ior. 
ilrld^weDsArf. Cai. 

App. IV. ZiMi of Cap€ Saaih* whieh are 

Uaderer than Uum mentioned in the pro- 

eedhig IJsty and which, when expaeed to the 

Degne cf CoU there atated, wiU U iniured 

l>9it,Vuiwmnot euffer, ahhough fitUy ex- 

peeedtoa Ten^terature 4 or 5 Dep-eee bdow 

FTtetmg. auJ . - - - 1091 

lWWMCTicSid«flg.S80. 

Erka Btm^ WeadL CoU. 
CriBita (fnca L.) oomftn Wendi. Srie. 

ItXba. 
SnMm. 
C o f BuUi r a m Lodd. 
dioahneflbn. 
tnmdalkk Lodd. 

itniior Lodd. 
pcDikdda Andr. Heath. 

9 Hkbn H. Wob. 
prmfgoaae 3oi. CaL 
SoooeioeaH. Wob. 
(MiBb (£Hca Z..) uroeolkria Hort. Ktw. leon. 

iig.esi 

? ertiaiUriA J)on*s MOL 
HrcfMli BoMim 

EHm AeMin iwrdiiMi Andr. Heeth. 
SfliKa. 
Sliktn. 
4mtnor. 



Cab. 



Blracft. 

SmiUor. 
BoDplandMtea Bot 
7ci»aAp<. Ge6. 

In^eita. 
ooiBtbolde* Bot. Mag. 

1 mljor H. Wob. 

9 mtnor tf. Wob. 

n&na J7. IKo6. 
decbn Andr. Heath. 
Heath. 



Pafc 
SyrlnKMea (JPrtca L.) abiMna. 

? claTKflbra Don'$ MUL 
col5raD8 Bot. Beg. 
concinna Andr. Heaih. 
dlscolor Andr. Heath. 
eUU Andr. Heatk. 
EweroMa Andr. Ueatb. 

S gUbra. 

Sfpecldn. 

4 longiAdra. 
Sirilon. 

Llnn»criia. 

S. itimtfoldet Andr. Reath. 
8. pereplcua Hort. Kew. 
SsuMrba. 
Vaaxmoidee Andr. Heatb. 
pertplcua WendL Eric. 

snkna. 
radl^ Andr. Heath. 

5 diacolcH'. 
■ImpUcUlbra Wendl. Sric. 
tninta ilndr. Heath. 

SpAlllda H. Wob. 
tuUflbn if ndr. Heath. 
▼esttta. 

lilba. 

S incam^ta. 

8 purpjirea. 

4r6sea. 

SflUglda. 

Gcooclnea. 

71dtea. 

8 mutiblUs. 

9£legaoi. 

App. V. Liet of a few of ihe larger Speeimene 
of exotie Heaihs, enkivaied in the Royal 
Botanie Garden, Edtnbnrgh; wOh their Du 
meneions, ^.t a$ tahen from the I^antet 
IStA Ju/y, 1836 1094 

App. VI. Ctdinre of the hardy and half» 
hardy Speeiee and Varietiee of Erieem behng' 
ing to &e Gronp Erieeee nonndUe. - 1094 

$ iL Akdeomk^s^ - 1105 

2 1 tO t^ A tti^ ti iiuJ Jt n. 
tL-J -* JU jfc. 



Pen61ata. 
Stiba. 
SriUira. 



I mMor B' ^ob. 
S mlnor H. Wob. 
S ▼6ma H. Web. 
qaedriObra. 



Srftbn. 
r^hboM. 

nedanciilirli Sal. 
▼iadkria Hori. Kew.Icon. 
crllndrica. 
dkwnkhin Lodd. 
KmnBoi.Cab. 
UMcenita Andr. Bealh, 

trlrUUfl JTJ^a». ' 

tmilBBb (Srtn L.) ilbeni BoL Mag. flg. 68S. Be>- 

Xlcic^ Andr. Heath. 
BoijMMa {Enea. L.) trteqM Bot. Cab. flg. 888. 
Gyptocaills (frloa L.} nudQSbn Sm. Jeon. 
LoplJbidn (Arlca L.) cdbica Andr. Heath. flg. 884. 

S mlnor H. Wob. 
8 m^or Hort. BrU. 
Limpratit (firtn L.) calydna Andr. Heath. fig. 885. 

S n^or H. Wob. 
Tiebfaa {Etiea L.) Mkcaos »ft. Mag. 



IV. ANDRCMEDil L. «. 

TbB AMDaOMKDA. 

PolifoUa Buxbaum. 
Andnhneda $p. L. 



1077. 1105 



1. jpolif5lia L. «. Europe fiff.689. 1106 

Tbe Polj-lnTed-Andromeda, orMoorwori. 
lUkododindron ^oii/bUum Soop. 
Wild Boeemarg, Pot^ Mountain, Marsh 

detaa^ Moorwori, Mareh Hotg Boae. 
Andromide, Fr. and Ger. 

Farietiean. ... 1106 

1 angustifiolia Lodd. m. fig. 890. 

2 eriooMes n. 

3 grandiflora Lodd. n. fig. 891. 

4 latifoUa Lodd. n fig. 89S. 

5 minima n. 

6 revolikta Isodd, «. fig. 898. 

7 8c6tica n. 

8 8tHciaflL 

2. ro8iiiariaif51ia P«rM. tL Newfoundland 

1106 
The RoMmary-toaTed Andromeda. 
A. pol^a MichXi 



Ixxxvi 



CONTENT8. 



V. CASSrOP^ D. Don. «.-J "^ 

1077. 1107 
Tbi CAasiora. 

AmMimedlM, tp. L. «C Fall. 

1. kypnoldes D. Don, a.^ N. Europe 

fig. 894. 1 107 
Tbe H7imuin.Uko Casilope. 

AndrdmedM htfpitoldet L. ftc. 

2. tetragdna 2). Don, ■. — t N. America 

fig.895. 1107 
Tb« foar-oornered-5raiicikeEf Cassiope. 
Andrdmed^ ietragbna L. 

App. i. Hardy Speeiet of Cauiope not yet 

introdueecL - - 1107 

C. lyccmodlfildet D. Don. 

Andr&medA lyct^odimet PaU. 
C. erloSldes D. Don, 

Andrdmed^ erfcSidee PaU. 
C. Red6wtld/ G. Dod. 

Andr6meda. BeddwekH Ckam. et Scklecht. 
C. VerteoMidna G. Don. 

Andrimeda MprftMlAnA Bongard. 
C. fastiglilta D. Don. 

Andr&medeijtutigidta Wall. P1. Par. 

Andr^medacnpre»»if6rmi» Wall. MSS. 

VI. CASSA^NDR^ D. Don. ■. 

1077. 1108 
Thb Camandra. 

Andr^medi a sp. L. and othen. 

1. calycul&ta 2>. i>ofi. «. North America 

fig.896. 1108 
The calyculated Casaandra. 

Andrdmedtk calyenldta L. 

Varietiean. ... 1108 

1 ventricosa Sime* n, 

2 latifolia Lodd. n. 

3 nana Sim», n. 

2. (c) angustifolia G. Don. tt N. Amer. 

fig.897. 1108 
The narrow-leaTed Cassandra. 

Andrdmeda cafyculdta fi^angtutifdUalAlt. 
AndHhnede. anguttftdlia Pursb. 
Andrimede, crupa Desf. et Llnk. ' 



VII. ZENOBIJ D.Don. 



1077. 1108 



Tbb Zbnodia. 

Andrdmed^ »p. Mlchx. 

1. speciosa D, Don, A m Carolina 

fig.898. 1109 
Tbe nowr-Jlowered Zenobla. 

Andr&metbk »pecid»a MkhB. 

Fartefies A j* - - 1109 

2 nitida iVrtA. A je fig. 899. 

3 pulTerultoU Panh. A js f. 900. 

Andr&medapmbtemlinta^RBxiT. 
Andrdmedm cassin^dOa /3 Vent. 
Andrdmedik epeddea var. y glatca 

Wats. 
Andrdmeda, dealbdta lindl. 
Andrdmeda, ovdta Soland MSS. 

VIII. LYO N/.4 Nutt. 1t m m M m. 

1077. 1109 

Thi Ltokia. 

Andrdmeda »p. L. and Tarious others. 



A. Leaee» evergreen. 

1. femiginea NuU, m N. America 1109 

Tbe rusty<4boMii^ Lyonia. 

Andr6med»L/ermgtnea Walt. 
Andr&medAjtrrvginea fijiruiiodea Mlchz. 

2. rfgida .^tttt. « North America 1110 

Tbe rigid-leared Lronia. 

Andr&med».fermginea WQld. 
Andrdmedk Je r r a ^gin e a 1 arboriecen» Bfx. 
Andr&med», rigida Pursh. 

3. margin^ta D. Don, & North America 

fig.902. 1110 

Tbe marginated-leaTed Lyonla. 

Andrdmeda margindta Du Ham. 
Andrdmeda. coriScea WiUd. 
Andr&meda^ lueida Lam. 
Andrifneda maritina Jacq. 

Varietyn, - - . 1110 
2 riibra Lodd..n, fig. 900. 

B. Leaee» dedduou». 

4. mari^a D. Don. m North America 

fig.903. 1110 
Tbe Maryland Lyonla. 

Andr&med^ maridna L. 

Variety M . - - 1111 

2 obl6nga Suit. m 

5. racem6sa D. Don. A N. America 1111 

The racemos»;/fof0«r0rf Lyonia. 
AndnhnedaL racemiea L. 
Andr&mede, panicul&ta Walt 

6. arbdrea D, Don. % N* America 1111 

Tbe Tree Lyonia. 

Andr^nnedh orhbrea L. 

7. paniculkta i^ti/^. A N. Am. f.904. 1111 

The |»anicled-;/loiMre(f Lyonia. 
Andr&med»kpanicuUita L. 

8. «altcifdlia WcUm. * N. Am. f. 905. 1111 
The Wmow-Ieared Lyonia. 

9. fronddsa Nutt. A N. America 1112 

The brancby Lyonia. 

Andromedafrondd»a Pursh. 

10. multifl6ra WaU. m North America 

fig.906. 1112 
The many-flowered Ijooia. 

11. capressf&lia Watt, • North America 

fig.907. 1118 

The Goat-Willow4eaTed Lyonia. 

App. i. Do^ibtfkd Speeie» of Lybnitk not yet 

introdueed, - - 1112 

L. tfaombOidilto O. Itom. 

Andremaiii rhmtMtkHt N. Da Hsm. 

IX. LEUCaXHOJ? D. Don. m n. 

1077,1113 

Tbb Lbucotb5b. 

Andrdmedh »p, oi authors prevloiisly. 

1. axillluris D. Don, m North America 

fig.908. 1113 

The axlIlary-raeemAl LeuoothSe. 

Andnmedti aeiUdri» SolBnder. . 



COMTENTS. 



^ luxvii 



Farieiy 
3 lon^lolia 



Pa«« 

- 1113 



Jtadrdmaii longMlia Punh. 
Walteri 1 



wau. 

2. spiDuIdea G. Don, n. North America 

fig.909. 1113 

Tbe tftaaioa^io(ftk-4ea9ed Leocothoe. 
Jmdr 6 m edA epmmlhea Punli. 
Jndt6mtedaL CeitMi WaU. 

3. acumiii^ G. Dcn. m North America 

iig. 010. 1113 
ne teoBdnaibb-ieamed Leucothiw. 
A m dr 6me dA acmmmdia Alt. 
JmdrSmieda, HkMla Jaoq. 
Amdr&mteda popml(filia Lam. 
AmdrSmtedm reHemldta Walt 
Amdr&miedmforvueiseima Bartr. 
AmdrimedtLlaiirima Wxiix. 
^ipe-tteu^-fooodt Amer. 

4. iloribunda 2>. Don, tk North America 

fig.911. 1114 

Tke mmierous-llowered Leucothoe.* 
Amdr^medajloribumda Lyons. 

5.«wcataG.IIo«.*N.Ara.f. 912. 1114 

The Wf^beHob^aeermed LeucothSe. 
Amar&mtada spieAia Wats. 

X. PPERIS D. Don. ± . 1077. 1114 

TuPixBia. 

Andr&mieda ep. Walllcfa. 

1. orafifdlia D. Dom, 1 Nepal f. 913. 1115 



•MJEfrMUWan. 

«VrieM«Iiam.M8& 

App^ l Ettif-hanfy Spedea of PierU not yet 
inirodueed. - - 1115 

F. ^** 

iWaU. 




XL PHYLLC/DOCjB Sal. «. *. 

1077. 1115 

Tn PSTLLODOCB. 

Amdr&miedii ep. L. 
JfaneOfiajp. Swartx and Smith. 



1. feziibfia 5(iiL tL Europe f.915. 1115 



The Tew-leaved FfarUodoce. 
oenkfe 



'a Sws. 
ifMlrAMadla orriktea L. 
Andr&mtedmtaemUaVBn. 
Brioi aer*/to Wmd. 

2* nnpetrif^nniB D, Dcn, %^ N. America 

fig.916. 1116 

The Eonietmm-lfke Pfairllodoce. 
itemMa empetry>&rmit Sm. 

Xn. DABCE^C/^ D. Don, «. 1077. 1 1 16 

Tbi Daboicia. 

EHca tp. lAsk. 
Amdr&medti tp. Lln. 
MemmiitiSL tp. Juaa. 

] . jK>lifoiia D. Don, m. Ireland 

fig.917, 918. 1116 

The INily.leaTed DaboBcU. 

Amdr&mieda DabeMm. Lin. Sytt. 
Eriea Dabee^da, Lin. tp. 
MflBAria Dato^da Dec. 
Brim kib&miea^ %c., Kay. 



JftfiusiMla polifhlia Juss. 
VocdnfKm caatdbricmm Huda. 
/rtfA ff^AorC», Cantabrian Heath, Saini 
Ddbeo&t Beath. 

Varietywu - - - 1116 

8 flore dlbo Swt, «. 

XIIL i^HBUTUS Ctfjmfr. 1 IlJ a 
•*-J - - - 1077. 1 1 17 

Tbb Arbutus, or Strawberry Tree. 
Andrdcbne Clua. 
A*rbutmt tp. L. 
Arbomtier, Fr. 
Sandbeere. Ger. 
Abbatro, Ital. 

1. CTnedoL. 1 ii S.£uropef.919. 1117 

The Unedo Arbutus, or Strateberry Tree, 

L^Arbomtter commmn^ Arbomeier det Py- 

rhitet, Fraitier en Arbre, Fr. 
Erdbeereartige Sandbeere, Ger. 
Komad, Mod. Greek. 

Varietie», 1 m . - 1117 

1 lUbus Ait, 1 m 

2 rikber AiL 1 m 

3 pUnus Ait, m 

4 schixop^talus m 

5 integrifolius S^tnw. ii 

6 crispua ii 

7 «alieifolius m 

2. h^brida iTfr. 2 m Hybrid 

pl. 192. fig.920. 1119 
The hybrld Arbutus. 

A. teidracknSidet link. 

Varietyl * - - 1120 

2 Milleri 1 a 

A. MUUr\ Mayet. 

3. i4ndr&chne i/. 1 Levant pl.l93. 120 

The Andrachne Arbutus. 
A. inttu[rifAlia Lam. 
Amdracluie TkeopkrdtA Ctmt. 
Amdrdekme Park. Theatr. 
Adrackne of Theophraitui. 
Atidrackla, Mod. Greek. 

Varietie» ... hsq 
l.With serrated leaves Toicnt. 

2 With large oblong finit, Toum, 
d.With large oompressed fruit, 

Tomm, 

3 serradfbUa fig. Ml ♦ i i 

A. «mwfaSliaNota. 

4. procera Douglai. m N. America 1121 

The UU Arbutua. 

5. toment^a Purth, m N. America 1122 

The downy Arbuvtut. 

Arctotldpkylot tomentdta Lindl. 

Varietym - - - 1122 

2 niida ^ooA. et Am. m 

6. densiflora H, B. et Kunth, m lJ Mexico 

1122 

Tha daaMil}.<low«rad Arimtas. 

App. i. Hardy Speciee of A^rbutme not yet 

introduced, - • 1122 

if.lnnlAUaL. 

A. MmMM Poxdi. 

J.cordlf&Ua 

Araatterhgb» ear4ifWa lAndL 
il. gla&oB 

Art(iM<^pAyfM Ktaka Lindl. 



• •» 



luxym 



CONTENTS. 



App.lL Balf.kar^^feeU$ofA'rintiu». 1122 

A. Mdoiteto a.M.tl JTmA. 



il. ulaiiAadi 0. & i« Kmtk. 

A. nM&a. B. H 

A. 



tlKmmUL 



XIV. ilRCTOSTATHYLOS Adans. 

jkU ~ - - 1078. 1123 
Tbb Bbabbbbbt. 

Zr«a.ifr«/Dod. 
A'rhuhtt 4». L. 

!• UVa-iirsi Spreng, 1« Earope 

fig. 923. 1123 

Tha ooMMON BMrt>0rnr. 

A*rbuiu* ITva-ilrH L. 

A'fMiM bturtrdHto Stoket. 

ITva.^ htu^Ma Sal. 

Bear berriet^ aear-wkorlle-herriett Bng. 

Barenirambef Baretibeere, Ger. 

AnrreMdtf«ir> Dotcfa. 

Z,a Basserole. Fr. 

CTva d^OrxOf Ital. 

E7>a ilr Ofo, Spui. 

C/m d^ C/rca, Port. 

Uva-wrti, In vorks of mott old BotaniaU. 

2. alpina Spreng. Ji Etirope - 1123 

Tne Alpine BeariMrry. 
A*rbtUm alplna L. 

App. L Half-hanfy Speeiet of hreiott&pkyloe 
mat yet introdueedL - - 1184 



A.9dBmMa.B.tt „ ^ 

^. «bmoiMeu a.B.tl XimA. 
il. n4iM|Hii 17. B. i< JTimM. 
^. RoAari Q. Don. 

A'rta<w jitfwaw Hbek. 



XV. PERNE^TTYii Gaud. mi^ u 

1078. 1124 

TRB PBBNBtTTil. 

1. roucronfita Gaud. JU Terra del Fu^ 

fig.924. 1124 
Tbe macroBate.fea«ed Pe ro eUya. 
A*rbutu» nmcromita L. 

2. pil6sa G. Dofi. Mexico - - 1124 

The pllote, or hairyt Pemettya. 
Afrbutut pUdta Grab. 

App. L Hardy Speeiee of PemSUy, uot yet 

introdueed. - - 1125 

A^rbutut muTOfkMm Tan/U 
A'rhmhuter9p6ifiaalAm. 
P# afobAtm O. Dm. 

AmMimda. My i^toM w Lbb. 

App. iL Balf-kardySpeeieeofPerHSttya.l\25 

VfiMw tmipitriflMm Uadl. 
A'rMM JSdia WlDd. 
Arfr^iiii A «mfttriflUm Um. 

P. ptaiiU o«* • UJ_ 

A'rtmtm$ ptmita raue. 
P. Oewmmadtma O. Don. ^ 

itiM li i fc i nrfi frHMCa Car. 
P. parpiirM O. Op». 
P.eUiMiO. 



XVI. GAULTHE'R/i4 L. «- iiu 

1078. 1125 
Tbb Gaultbbbia. 

1. prociimbens L. %, North America 

fig.925. 1125 

The procumbent Ganltheria. 

"--'"'-'— Berry, JUfor 

Oreeni Sm. 



2. SSIaaon Pursh. flL N.Am.f.926. 1126 

The Sballon Gaultberia. 

App.L Half-hardySpeeieeofGaaWk^ll96 

O. ftMIMlll Ml M a D. Am. 2 lJ 
e.frdgrmmt D. Don. 
A'rMM WM^/ttfta HaiBfl. 

App. ii. Hardy and half-hardy Spedee of 
GatilthhiB^ not yet inirodueed. - 1126 



O. ttQiBimiladBkdM O. . 
O. «lUkta CMm. 1« BdUMM. 



JPorlrAtoff Arry, MotmtaHt lea^ Spring 



XVIL EPIGiE^A L. %, - 1078. 1126 

Tbb EnoMA. 

ItoMMMi^Vlchz. 

Moy Funoer, Nova Scotla. 

1. r^pens L. Hw North America - 1127 

Tbe creephig Bplgva. 

XVIIL PHALEROCA^RPUSG.Doii. 
JW - . - 1078. 1127 

TBB PHAUUOCABPDfl. 

VaccHiAm L. 
GaiflCUrla Pfirsl. 
Ojyctfccw Nutt. 
A'r6ttfM Lam. 

1. «erpyllifdlia G. Don. u N. Amer. 1127 

Tbe WUd-ThTme.leaTed Phaleroc ar p w . 
VaeeiniumkitpidtUttmh. 
OaultkMK •erpyUifbUa Ponh. 
A^rbututJU^drmit Lam. 
Oeyeicctu ki^tdtiltit Ttn. 

XIX. CLETHRAL. lO • «i-J «uJ 

1078. 1127 

Tbb Clbtbba. 

CoeUiria R. et P. 

1. alnifoOa L. m N. Amer. f.927. 1128 

Tbe Alder-leared Cletbra. 

C. ektifblia ear. « dettud^ Alt 

2. (a.) tomentdsa Lam. • N. America 

fig.928»929. 1128 
Tbe downy Clethra. 

C. timiMiaJ pubitcent Ait. 
C. ht<Mta Fen. 

3. (a.) panicul^ta AU. M N. Amer. 1 128 

Tbe panided>>fot0»rMl Cletitra. 

4. (a.) acumin&ta Michx. • N. America 

1128 

Tbe acuminated-lMMrf Cletbra. 
C. mentdna Bartr. 

5. (a.) acabra Pert. ft NorthAmericB 1128 

Ttae ram^4MMrf CMhia. 

App. L Half-hardy ^eeiee of Clethra. 1129 

CMbteMiUf. A|^ flff.B80. 
C. teraRlaM JL il P. A uJ 



C flnlf Uta «NMrte. f O 
TlaM MeMMlIbL. 
Odwr MMlM of ClMixa 



App. I* Half-hardy Genera hdonying to ihe 
Section "ErieeeB and § Andromedete of the 
Order Ericticne. .... 1129 



Aanlita tastf Wa G. 

Andremtdt ImM^ia Lam. 



.;t 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxxix 



l^ a ft « 



Seet II; i2HODO«aSA. 



Pail* 
- 1129 



XX. J^HODODE^NDRON L. m m ^ 
n, n.^ jkt. . 1078. 1130 

Tbb Rbodoobmdmn, or Ro§e Bag. 
Jzitlea $p. <n aathors. 
RAoddraL. 

CkemutrhododMrot Toorn. 
JZAodMfemfrvf», Fr., Ital., and Spon. 
J^ptelMm, Gm*. 

Sl Htakmik D. Don. « * o. n.^ IISI 

1. D6nticuzD i^. m Pontiis fig. 031. 1131 

TheFogtlc BhododendroD. 

VarieaeBmfi • - llSl 
9 dbtiksum Wat*. m 
S myrtiioliuin Lodd. m 

4 Smithfi Swt. m 

5 Ldwii Gard. Mag. m 

6 axaleoldes m m 

R. mateSklet Dect 

R p. «nMeddiMiin Andr 

Jl. p. a. odoratum Lo«bl. Cat, 
Nunery VaHeUet. 



xam 
tn 



OOOttfltlUIl 

crtnnuii 
fl. plte 
W. 



gpl. nrnipnBtli 



lnMnncdnitii 

Kafan>c/»iMn 

nmciqpp f UMin 

niTMeam 

obdMun 



MlkifMJam 



• 1181 

• 1131 

- 1131 

• llSl 
•1181 

• 1181 

- 1181 

- 1131 

- 1181 

• 1131 

- 1131 

- 1131 

• 1181 
' 1181 

- 1131 

• 1131 

• 1131 

• 1181 

• 1181 

• 1181 

- 1131 

• 1131 
. 1131 
. 1131 

• 1131 
. 1181 

• 1131 

8. miximuin L. m N. Amer. f. 932. 1134 

The largeflt Rhododendron. 

Varietietm - - . IISI 
S Obam Hori, m 
3 bjrbridum Eooh. m 
^.JirdgTMU Hort. 
R. hpSriOum Lodd. 

3. (m.)|niTpi!kreum G,Don,m N. Am. 1 135 

The porple-^lowereil Rfaododendron. 

R. maximam y purpkremm Punh. 
R. p&aiictim maeropk^htm Lodd. 

4. P6r9hn G. Dod. m North America 11 35 

Pnib^ Rbortorteudniit. 

R. MrfvfMMn 4AHm Ponli. 

5. catawbi^nse Michx. m North America 

fig.933. 1135 
Tbe Catawba Rhododeodron. 

VarietieM - - - 1135 
S Runellianifm Brk. FL-Gard.ft 
S tigrinum Hort. m 

0. dirya&nthum 2/. «■ Siberia - 1135 

The coiden-flowered Rhododendrcm. 
R. ifffkindle Saliib. 



PlffC 

7. cauc&sicum Pall, n. Caucasus 

fig.934. 1136 
The Caucaslan Rhododendron. 

VarieHes mm. . - 1136 

S stramineum HooJk, fL 
S puleh^rrimum LindL m 

4 Nobledntcm Hort. ii 

8. punct^tum Andr. m North America 

fig.935. 1136 
The dotted^^ovetf Rhododendron, 
'R. J er r M ginem n var. «nlmw rers. 
R. mlM» Iflchx. 
R. ptmetiitmH var. aiinw Wata. 

Varietjf ift - - - 1137 

5 m^|u8 Ker. m 

9. femigineum L. n. Eur. f. 936. 1137 

The xvMy-leaned Rhododendron. 

Variety • - - 1137 

8 ^bum Lodd. n. 



flg.937. 1137 
- * - 1137 

Nepal - 1137 

. 1188 

tt. lU-J 1138 



10. (?f.) hirsiitum L. m. 

The halry RhododendnnL 
Varietjf 
S Tarieg&tum a 

11. setosum 2>. Don. «l .. 

Thetelad; Rhododendren. 
a. BmafapbfOam D. Don. m 

§ ii. Lepipherum D. Don. 

12. Iapp6nicum Wahl. ft..-J N. Europe 

fig. 938. 1138 
The Lapland Rhododendron. 
Axdlea iappdnica L. 
Azdkaferrugifiea Hort. 

13. dailricum L. Jt Siberia f.939. 1138 

The Dahurlan Rhododendron. 

rarieiyn. - - - 1139 
S atniTirens Ker, n. 

JLlepMMuiD Wall. . . ngg 

§ iii. C^mtBcittus D. Don. lU - 1139 

14. camtsch&ticum Pali. t^ Kamtschatka 

fig.940. 1139 
The Kamtichatka Rhododendron. 

15. Chamseclstus L. ft. Eur. f. 941. 1139 

The Ground-ClBtUB Rhododendr^m. 

§ iv. Pentanth^ra D. Don. m 1139 

16. fl^vum G. 2>on. (Az^leap6nticaX>.) m 

Levant - - fig.942. 1140 

The Fontlc, or eommon. Axalea. 
Ax^ap6nticalj, Sp. 
Axdlea arbdrea L. Sp., ed. 1. 

Varietiea and Hybrids. 

- . IMO 

. 1140 



A.p. Stflbn 

8aiiniiida 

4csookt» 

fic^pron 

GflinunM 

TflUoau 

SgWica 



10 odirakiica 

llpinida 

ISMoolov 



. 1140 
• 1140 
- 1140 
. 1140 
. 1140 
■ 1140 
. 1140 
. 1140 
. 1140 



1 



xc 



CONTENTS. 



. 1141 






\ 



17. nudiflonim Tbrr. ^Azilea nudiflora 
L.) • N. Amenca fig. 943. 1 140 

TIm iMked4k»wered AMtim. 
Jxdlem nmdifldra L. 
JzdUa perieijfmenifida VUtx. 
The Amerieam HoneiffmekU. 
Uag Flawerti ff^M, or mpr^ 
meUe, Amer. 

Varieiieg and ffyhrid$ 
1 ooocineum D. Dom, A 

Agdlea n. eoeelmea Simt. 
8 riidlans D. Dom. m 

Jxilea m. ritHami Ait. 

Jxdiea 
Ponh. 
S dbveum D. Dam. A 

Asalea m. edrmea Alt. 

Axdlea p. edrmea Punh. 

4 flbum D, Dom. * 

uisdfeaflkoJftaAit. 
.Ixdfea p. dtba Alt. 

5 pi^i]ionaceum 2). Dom. B 

Axdlea p. pappkmdeea Ponli. 

6 partitum 2>. l><m. A 

Axdtea p. parflte Punh. 

7 polyandrum 2>. Z>on. S 

Asdlea p. fwlvitMtfra Purah. 

8 Gorenidnum D. Don. * f. 944. 

9 rilkbrum Lodd. A 

10 eximium D. Dom. ft 



A.T. « 
9 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
18 
IS 
14 
lA 
16 
17 
18 
19 
90 
<1 
tt 
S3 
S4 
85 
86 
«7 
88 
89 
30 
31 
98 
83 
84 
36 
36 
87 
88 
89 
40 
41 
48 
48 



Varietia 
AhkctrUn 



Cai. 



accordima wo 



ciroliiiiiiia 
CoMigta 

ooioriua 



criap» 
cftmolA 



fMtlKiAU 

fldrepltoo 

flMda 

glob6ta 

cnndiflte« 

uiciuia 

IncMTiitt 

mfariliUia 

mant^na 

ochnlHlcs 

nAllidA 

paUidAM 

papUlonkoM 

pcndyhicnBldoi 

pnrpimucau 

parpdroa - 



rttMrriins 

nibicAnda 

r&bra 

rftiii 

TtxiHum 

•mMlnB 



8«. 946 



tricoU» 

vkiia 

▼aiiAOU 

varicKita 

wnicoUMr 

«doUusaa 



1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 
1148 



18. bicolor G. Don, (A. (n.) bfcolor 

PwTih.) m Carobna - - 1142 

The tiro-ooloured:^fofi^al Azalea. 
Axdlea bicolor Pursh. 
Axdlea m. bioolor Ait. 

19. calendulaceum Torr. (A. (n.) calen- 

dulacea Mtchx.) A Carobna 

fig.946. 1142 

Tbe VLn\gcAA.fiowered Asalea. 
Axdlea calendmldcea Michx. 
Axdlea mmd^fidra var. cocdmea Alt 



VarieHt»m - - 1142 

8 Mort^t Swt. m 
S fi(i]gidum HooiL A 

A.cJiUsidaVsaKt. 

20. canteens G, D<m. (A. (n.) can^s- 

cens JfidLr.) A Carolina - 1143 
Thecanetoent AMlea. 

Axdlea oamdtoeme Mlcfax. 

21. viscdsum 7Wr. (A« yiscosa L,) a 

NortbAmerica - fig. 947. 1143 

Tbe tiMmmj-Jknoered Aialea. 
Axdlea mtcosa L. 

VarieHeam . - 1143 

9 Ofnitum Swt, A 



1149 
1143 
1149 
1143 
1149 
1143 
1149 
1143 
1143 



l.Cai. 
A. rarietie$. 



A. ▼. i tflha 



Sccfm 
4 di3M 



bkte 
6 irrifHlfclT 

6 pnB'CQK 

7 pabteem 

8 varicBhta 

9 Tlts^ta 
lOvlolaodtoB 

B. BphridiB 



aliafhv4nwc§. 
at Uigh Clere. 



IfydridM 



11 

18 
19 
14 

15 cakidfadraa 

16 calootfiTplM 

17 CaitteM 
18 
19 
90 

81 e«p>cpai 
S8 QoriSm 
SSHabatttM 

84 impcrbtxls 

85 incina 
Seiauiinodtoa 

87 14pida 

88 odiipMca 
89paikUa 

30 pdntica Howard 

81 polch^la 
88i«Riaia . 
85 rtigcBC 
84 ■ - 



1149 
1149 

1143 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 

1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 

C. E^bridte hfl^. Hgbrids raiaed 

95 A«at« . „43 

1149 



86 dlbe jdeBO 

87 amibilis 

88 amaidntliia 
99 amimi r"*"" 
40«rdcu 

41 too^^bcm 

48 aorAntla mdzima 

49 hUndida 

44 ealcndnlhoeai^tobboa 



n&va. 



46 cditlaii 

46 «ntiriiM» w«^«t.ne 

cpcdto. 

47 candnna 

48 oorikBcaac 
49citeea 

Hldbtaa. 

50 cmtfnta 

51 ctvraa 

dlba. 

ticniH. 

eximia. 

8lob6n. 

rhbra. 

5SdecoSta 

59 dteoehadtttevm 

54 dolc«do 

55 d^cta 

56 dcganthaima 

57 cxqiii^ia 

58 Ponicktf 
69 flamboyanic 



II49 
1149 
1149 
1148 
1149 

iia 

1149 

1149 



1149 
1149 

1149 
1149 
1149 

1148 
1143 



114S 
1148 

1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 
1149 



"^'^^^st" 



SHffil5" 



tS. hispidum Torr. (A. (v.) htapida PA.) 
m North America fig. 948. 1144 

TV llltpld AuJh. 

84. Dfttdum Torr. (A. nitida Ph.) • 
North America - fig. 940. 1144 
Tli*(leur-IcaMrf AHJn. 
Jrdkanitida Pnnb. 

iS. BieciAmun O. Don. (A. specidea 
mU.)m N, Amer. f.950. 1145 
Tbt •!»>* AnlHL 



26. aibor£sceiu 7W. (A. Brbor&cenH 
PmA.) « North America 1145 



St. EW^ D. Don. t— 1 «—I 1145 

!7. AWdm G. £>Dn. (^hoddra canad^n- 

iwL.)-^ N. Amer. f.95l. 1145 



App. i. Half-har^ Spma qf BJtedodindnM 

(lad Azilea). - • 1146 
f L Bolirm. 1_J •_( 
A. ^paoa oirai^ Aunafnad Md BrHM Carian- 
S8. Rrbdreum SntUA. 1 — I Ifepal 

%. 951. 1146 



Farietitiandirybndil-llUG 

1 snnguiDcum XiwCi t — ' 

2 roaeum Sat. t _I 

3 niTCum 5W. t — I 



3a BnthopAgon D. Don. a. Nepsl 

fig. 954. 1 14B 



1. Ji«iteii*otf*»^ J«ifc«*««rf(ii*OortfiM. 
. indicuni Stct (A.indicsX.) ai— ) China 




XCli 



CONTKNTS. 



32. nn^nse Smt. (A. ain^sis Lodd.) l 

China . - fig. 957. 1149 

Tlw Chincie Ataim. 

Aulm ttm^ktit Lodd. 

Varietie» amd Hybrid» MlJ 
Jt 1« . . . 1149 

2 tKfeKaa Swt. fli |_J 

S macrilnthum JDoM*t MiO. Jk i_J 



fiff. 968. UfiO 



D.DgnM8S. 



«.icdevlMnmD. DMVSSr. tt.tJI 
ifjHtfM rctitMtt/a HoM. 

Jl. F4mr« Tate. .^Uj 

A»Um Ptirrmt Uort. 
R. dccAmlMiu D. Dm MSS. Jk 
Hort. 



B. Indian Axaleas mot yet fnhrodmced. 

Jt.teUiniRi lkm*« JHU. •IlJ 

AMUmaedbra. 

R. mdntwim Tbnnb. 
JL miKTOQjttnin O. Dom. 1 » \ 

AMtlm ■»! I iiailfii Blum. 

? B. MiflMum lA. i. dUm ItaSL). 
JL Bnnnimrf G. Don. M |_J - llfiO 

AaiUa mniarimifbli»Bium. 
Jt. mollb G. Dm. ift uJ 

ilAUteindUitBlam. 
JC. Loureiiitea O. Don. il lJ 
" \ Lour. 



lUO 



1150 



- iiao 

• llfiO 



Speete» qf BJkododiudrom audljbullea. 

XXI. KA'LM/i L. « ^ tt. 1078. 1151 

Thb BLalmia. 

American LamreL 

1. ladfolia L. m N. Amer. f. 959. 1 151 

Tho broad-leaTed Kalinla. 

Mouniain Lamrel, Calieo Bmsh, CaUco 
FJower, Amer. 

2. angustifolia L, m N. Am. f. 960. 1152 

The Darrow-leayed KalmU. 
SMeep Lamrel, Amer. 

Farietym - - - 1152 

2 orata Pmrsh, m 

3. da6ca AU, al N. Amer. f. 961. 1 153 

The glaucous-feovMf Kalmia. 
. K. folifolia Waogh. 

Farietyn. - - 1152 

2 nwmftriniiolia PursJL «l 

4*. cune^ Michx. j^ N. America 1152 

The wedge.8haped-/ea«eil Kalmla. 

5. hirsuta WaU. m N. Am. f. 962. 1152 

The hairr Kalmia. 
J:. eiZiato Bartr. 

XXIL MENZI£'S/>4 Smitfa. m 

ThsMrnzibbia. 1078. 1152 

1. femiglnea Sm. m N. Am. f.963. 1153 

The natj-fiotoered Menxlefla. 
M. mrceoldriM Saliab. 

2. slobulibris Salisb. m N. America 1 153 

The globular-Aniwreci McDxleila. 
M. Sm&m Mtekg. 
AxdleapUdsa Lam. 
M. pa&a Pers. 

XXIIL AZA LEA D. Don. -* 

ThbAzalba. 1078, 1153 

Axdlea proc^mbeni L. and maDj 

authort. 
LoiseleUriB Detf. 
CJUmmrlido» Llnk. 



1. proc6mben8 L. -* Britain and Noitn 
America - - fig. 964. 1 154 

The procombent Aaalea. 

XXIV. LEIOPHVLLUM Pen. «. 

Thb LBioraTLLUM. 1078. 1154 

Amm^rnne Ihmih. 
FUcken Sutarla. 
L^tfMm bmxifiUimm Berg. 

1. /hymifdlium Per$. n. North America 

fig.965. 1154 

The ThTne-leaTed Leif^ynam. 
lidmm hmrifiMmmBetg. 
IMmm tkvmifoUmm Lam. 
'Lkdmm 9erpfMif6Umm L'H6rlt 
Amm^rsineXmx^dUa Pmndi. 
Samd MffTtle, New Jersey. 

L. proatrdtum tt- - - . 1155 

Ammyrtine protirdta Swt. 
Amanj^nme Ljfhmi SwL 

XXV. iE^DUM L. m n. 1078. 1155 

Thb Ljbdum. 

1. palCistre Z. «. N. Amer. f. 966. 1155 

The Marth Ledom. 

L^rftHM tileHaemm Cltu. 
RomMrHitaim tjfMttre Cam. 

Varietyn. . . 1155 

2 deciimbeiis Ait. n. 

2. Iatif6lium Ait. m N. Am. f. 967. 1 155 

The broad-leaTed Ledum, or Labrador TVee. 
L. grcentamUcmm ReCs. 
L. palustre Michx. 
Laorador Tea, Amer 

3. canadense Lodd. n. N.Am. f.968. 1156 

The Canadian Ledum. 

Sect. III. Fxccunv^jit D.DoH. 1156 

m m mCD auJ «_!&.&&. u_l 



1078. 1156 



XXVL FACCraiUML. 
m. t. « 1 

THB WBOBTLBBBaRT. 

Wti* idte^a Toom. 
AireUe, Fr. 
Heidelbeeret Gtr. 

A. Leaoes decidmoms. m 

1. Myrtlllus L. m Europe fig. 969. 1156 

The Litae-M7rt]ft./£fo Wbortleberry, or eommon 
Bilberrpt or Bleaberry. 

Fariety M - - 1157 

2 b&ccis Ohis Jt 

2. uliginosum L. m Europe f.970. 1157 

The bog Whortleberrr, or great Biiberry. 
MyrtUhu grdndis Bmh. 

3. angustifblium Ait. m N. Amer. 1158 

The narrow.leaTed WhortleberxT. 
V. Myrtmus Mlchz. 

4. csespitosum MicJix. m N. Amer. 1 158 

The tufted Whortleberry. 

5. galheane Michz. m N. America 1158 

Tlw Oale-Uka Whoctlcbcny. 
V. giU/tfrmi* SmltiS. 

6. ten^llum i4f/. ji N. Amer. f.971. 1158 

The delicate Whortleberry. 

V. pennspl96nicmm Lam. 

Fariety - - 1159 

7. /igustrinum Michx. js N. Amer. 1159 

The PriTetpIike WhorUeberry. 



CONTENTS. 



XClll 



PflC* 1 

8. pflliduTn Aii, ji North Amerioa 1159 

Th» ftitjtommd WhattUbeaj- 

9. arbdreum iHbrxA.ft N.America 1159 

Tbe Trae Wbortleberrj. 
y. d0iuum ASt. 

10. fltamineum L.^ N. Am. f. 972. 1 159 

Tbe toiy «fmnrnfid WhrarUeberry. 
y. iibMMPunb. 
Y. Hevdtum Banks. 

Foriety^ ... 1160 

S Qhum m B, et Kmnih. Jt 

11. dumosmn AU. jh N. Am. f. 973. 1160 

Tte taaaby Whoitkiberry. 
y.Jronddtmm Mlchx.t 
Y.JUrtahan Ait.. 

Varuty M - - - 1160 

S hJUnile ^ote. .« 

12. corymbdsum L, ■ North America 

fiff. 974,975. 1160 
The caryaiboae^fiowerai Whortl^rry. 



. 1161 



y.4im)m&rpkm»Wa»X. 
V. etevdhan Hort. 
y,S»mmlam. 

Vmetiu B - 
3 TlrgUum Jit. A fig. 976. 

3 ftuc&tum Ait. A flg. 977. 

V.Jbrminim Aadr. 

V. 0fcvtf«m Wats., iwt of Alt. 

4 engQstUoliaiii. ft 

Y. 9irgdbtm var. aitgVitiffHimm Watt. 

13. albiflonim Hook, A N. Amer. 1161 

The white-flowered Wliflrtleberry. 
y. ilbmm Lam. ? 

14. mariamim WaU, 



North America 
fig.978. 1162 



Tlie Manrland Whortleberry. 
y. mutrOandieum Lodd. 

15. grandiflonim Watt^ m North America 

fig.979. 1162 
Tbe grea^Oowered Whortleberry. 

16. ebogatum WaU, A North America 

fig.980. 1162 
The «Jongalidl Whortleberry. 

17. imnutifldrum Watt. m N. America 

fig.981. 1162 
The minuie>flovered Wbortleberry. 

la. risa>nim WaU. « N. Am. f. 982. 1 162 
The glabroaa Whortleberry. 

19. fronddsum L. ■ N. America 1163 

The frondoee yiThortleberry. 
y. gta6cmn Michz. 
Blme Tamgles, Amer. 

Fariety • - - - 1163 

2 Teoiistixm* Ait, 

V. Jhmddemm var. fi kmeeoiaium 
Parsh. 

!^. lesindeum Ait. m N. Am. f. 983. 1 163 

- 116S 



Tho reifaums Whortleberry. 

dlaWang. 



JmdrimedM baecdta Wang. 

VarietieB m • 

3 rob^sceDs Purth. m 

3 lut^floens Pmrth. m 



22. {^A.) jpadifolium Sni, m Madeira 

fig.985,986. 1164 

The Blrd^cherry-leaved Bear*s GrapeWhortle- 
berry. 
y. ArctoHdpkjdoe Andr. 
y. uutderinseLADk, 
y. caucdeiemm Hort. 
y. ^adtfdUmm camedsiemm Hort. 

B. Leates evergreen. 

23. caracas^nuxn H. B. et Kunth. dkCD 

South America - - - 1164 

The Canccai Whorttebmy. 

24. Fitisidsali. a. Europe f.987. 1164 
The Mount Ida Whortleberry» or Cowberry. 

yi/£t idte^a riibra Cam. 
Hke red WkorOeberrif. 

25. (r.) Auxifolium SaHsb. o. N. America 

fig. 988, 989. 1165 
The Boz-leaTod Whortl^rry. 
y. braeh^cerum Micbx. 

26. myrtifolium Michx. t 1 N. Am. 1166 

Th« Myrtle-latTCd Whattlcbany. 

27. nitidum Andr. %. N. Am. f.990. 1166 
The glouy4ea««i Whortleberry. 

28. craaBifolium Andr. t^ N. America 1166 

The thlck4eafcd Whaitlebenrr. 

29. ovatumPtfr^A.A N.Am. f.991. 1166 

The ovate^ieaved Whortleberry. 

30. canad^nse Richardg. a. N. Am. 1 166 
The Canada Whortleberry. 

31. i^rsinites Michx. «. N. America 1167 

Tba Mjnli»Jlke WbortMMRy. 

Varieties n, . • - 1166 
8 lanceolktiui Pmrsk. n. 
3 obtilHUS Fursk. n. 

32. humif^um Grah. ft^ N. America 1167 

The tnlUm WhdKtlebny. 

App. i. Hardy Species of Vaeelnium not yel 

introduced. - - 1167 

V. Cbmaimbndi Bonnra. 
UMCh 



y.iturtahui 
r. ofr«U(blium ShnUk. 
V. perrlfbUuin SmOOi, 
V. «dicinufn Ckam. 
V. (^UndrioeDm SmUk. 
V. oooftvtum H. B. «f Kmwtk, 
V. obtftnim Pw$k. 



'. ifrctostiiphylos L. * Black Sea 

fig.984. 1163 
Ths Bear*e Oiape Whortleberry. 



App. ii. Hdlf-hardy Speeies of yacdnium 
not yet iniroduced. - - 11 67 

V. Mtoinlflbnim H. B. tt Ktmtk. 

r. hiitom Tkumb. 

V. ealyelniim AmA. 

V. bractabtum Tkmtb. 

V. cUiktum. 

r. ledifbUum Pekl. 

r. floribdndum H.B,tt Kmttk. 

V. leuednthum Ckam. 

r. viU&mm amUk. 

r. SchlechtendUiIH O. Don. 

r. ickbram PcM. 

r. montknnm PM. 

V. otesum Fiarit. 

r. miculktum amUk. 

V. penduliflbrum Omtd. 

r. micrBph^Uum H«rb. RHmwit. 

r. dentktum Smiik. 

r. «mpetrifblium H. B. d Kwidk. 

r. penBffbfcf H. B. et Kunth. 

r. acuminktom H. B. 0I Kmmlk. 

r. dtetemUdea H. B. «t Kmmtk. 

XXVIL OXYCO^CCUS Pert. «. *. 

1078. 1168 

TbB CaANBBKBT. 

y accfiMiNn sp. of L. and othert. 



XCIV 



CONTBNTS. 



1. pal68triB Per». %. Europe f. 999. 1168 

Tho Marshf or common, Cranberry. 
O. vulgdri* Pursh. 
0. europaf\u Nutt. 
Yacekmim Oxycdccut L. 
Vaeclmium Osvc6ccut par. m /^^ialifblius 

Michx. 
Vaccbua pal&gtris Ger. Bmac. 
Osyc6ccum Cord. 
Mossberriet, Moorberriet, Fenberriest 

MarskworU^ WhorOeberrieSt Cort^ 

berries, Ens. 
Airelle camuoerge, Fr. 
Oemeine Moosebeeret Ger. 

2. macroc&rpus Pursh, ft. North America 

fig.993. 1170 
The large-fmitod, or American, Cranberry. 
yacdmum maerocdrpum Ait. 
Vacduium kispfduium Wangh. 
Vacdmum Ospcdccusfi oblongifolius Mx. 

Fariety%. - - - 1170 

2 fdliis vari^^tis Hort. 1« 

Vacchuum macrocdrpumfoL var. 
Lodd. 

3. er^ctus Pursh. «. N. Am. f. 994. 1171 

The erect Cranberry. 

Yacduium erytkrocdrpum Mx. 

App. I. Gtnera of ISiricdeea, of which it ap- 
peart doubtful ifany hardy Ugneout Speciet 
have yet been introduced, - - 1171 

I. BRYA'NTHUS Gmel. JU - - 1171 

ThJI BltrANTHUt. 

AndrdmedA tf. L. 
MetuUnn Swartt ■nd AinA. 
Eviea ap. Thunb. 

1. Gmdlint D. Don. U Kamtschatka 

fig. 995. 1171 

Omelinl* Braiitlnu. 

tfaut^«la brudnUka Swarts. 

Amdr&mtedA brjfdntha L 

BHea brydiMa Tbunb. 

Brydmlhua rtpem* aerpyUifbUaJlbrt sdMO GnMt. 

2. Stellen' D. Don. ft« North-west Ameriea 

fig. 996. 1172 

Stdlcrli Bmntbu. 

AmirimttdA Stellerikn» PaU. 

MemsiMM tmpetrifOrmiie Pmndk, but BOt oTothm. 

Cladothimnoa pyrol«fl^nu Bomgard. • ■ 1178 

Pyrolafntiedea Bachtcholtz. 

App. IL Half-hardy ligneous Spedes of 

ErUdcea. - - 1172 



L ENKIA'NTHUS XoMr.« lJ - 1172 

Tnn BmnAirrHDB. 
Mdadbra Sal. 

I. quinquefldnis Lour, 



Tho fii«-flo«ared EnkiBnthus. 



s i-J China 

fig. 997, 998. 1172 



E. Mfl^nu Loitr. m l_J 
Vhr*ya 

Befkria Hnmb. ct Boni». 1 
a^rla Jrn/jf . 

B. ^dca ffMHA. «f Boiip. ii _J 

B. racemte Fm(. Ceb. AL_J 

B. panteii/itfa Michx. 
Htmentfmhea Japdnica BIuhu 
Owluai^cia Mudfblia B. B,el Ktmtk 
TWiaddia ooniif&Ua H.B.et Kuatk 
CsTendiihta ndbUla Lindl. 
AgKpitm D. Dom 
Cerabntima gnadlfl6ra Jt. ei P. 



• 1173 

- 1173 

- 1173 

- 1173 
•1173 

• 1173 

- 1173 

- 1173 
. 1173 
■ 1173 

- 1173 



App. III. Of the CuUivation of the Hardy 
EricdcetB, induding the Laying out and 
Planting ofan Ericacetum, - - 1 173 



SymplocdiXiB* 1186 



Symploooi ilniea Ker. ik 
8. eraUBgOldBi BamiM. M 



^ China t ip. flfl. 1007. 
lJ NepaL 



Stt/rdeetB* 



1187 

- isp. 1187 



I. SmLAX L. m - 

Tbb Storax. 

Aliboc0er,FT. 
StonUt Qer. 

1. officinale L, m Syria fig. 1008. 1187 

The offidnal Storax. 

LagomeUoy Modera Greek. 
Stureu kalamitiSt Andent GredE. 

2. grandifolium Att» m North America 

fig. 1009.. 1188 

The larse-leared Storax. 
S. qffldndbs Walt. 
8. grandffiorum Michx. 

3. laevigatum AU, m South Carolina 

fig. 1010. 1188 
The tmootb-leaved Storax. 
S. oetdndrum L*H6rit. 
S. gldbrum CaT. 
S.VreWalt. 
S. americduum Lam. 

4. pulverul^ntum Michx, m Virgmia and 

Carolina - - fig. 1011. 1189 
The powdery Storax. 

S. isev^dtum Cort 



Halesiacese» f 



1189 



I. HALE'S/^ Eliis. t * - 3sp. 1189 

Thb Halbsia, or Snotodrop Tree. 
HaUsie, Fr. and Ger. 

1. tetr&ptera L. t South Carolina 

pl. 194, 195. fig. 1012. 1190 
The four-winged-:/Wit/etf Haleda, or commm 
SnouMbvp Tree. 

J%e Snowdrop Trect SibterSdl Tree, Axaet. 

2. (t.) parvifiora Michx, 1 m Florida 

fig. 1013. 1190 
The small.flowered Haloda. 

3. dfptera L, 1 m Oeoi^a and Carolina 

fig.1014. 1191 
The two-wingedVHt/fed Halesla. 



1191 



SapotdcecB. 

L ARG£NIA Rosm. et Schultes. t m 

1191 
Tbb Aboania. 

Sulerijeylon spindtmn L. 
L^Argtm^ FV. 
Eisenkobt, Ger. 

1. Sider6xyIon Rcpm, et Schukes, t m 

Morocco - ' ^. 1015. 1192 
Tbe Iron-wood Arganla. 

Siderdxjflon spindsum L. Sp. &c. 
EtM)dSndron A'rgan Betz. 
Bkdmnsu pentapkuUus Jaoi. 
Bkdmtuu ehulus L. Sytt. 



CONTENTS. 



XCV 



II.5UME^LIA Swartz, f tD iiT 

1192 

THlBUlflLLA. 

^dtra» n. Lln. 

Sider^si/um sp. Lun. and others. 
CknnopkylUan tp. Aubl. and others. 
Hodmnsnh Ger. 

1. /jdoides Gtertn. M * Carolina 

fig. 1016. 1193 
TbeBox-tfaora-Uke Bomelia. 

Siderixylon Iwcioidef Du Ham. 

8. irHw Walt. 

l^cSiida 4>. Lin. Hort Cliff. 

ireclmitta Vent, m 



I Greorgia • 

Bamdte. 

Mlchx. 



■ 119S 



3. t^ Wiild. 2 Carolina f. 1017. 1193 

H» toagh-^ancAecf Bumelia. 
B. GkrtfMonki/UoMe» Purih. 
BiieTWByumiinax L. 
5. $ er iee t tm Walt. 
5. ckrmfJMloidea Mtchx. 
Ckffdopk^mn coroUninte Jacq. 



i Imngindsa i\(r>A. A 
Georgia 

IW woUy ImiwJ Baindia. 
flUtrdniiMteii 



Caroliiia and 
. 1194 



Michx. 



5. oblongifolia Mctt. 2 N. America 1194 
«.iii aaitogw» . fr~i 



1194 



»1 li-J «a 

iDIOSPrROSi. I f tLJ •□ 

1194 
TbbDatiPlum.' 

Wbemu Comm. 
Gnalwritna Toum. 
Flaqwieminier, Fr. 
DaUeififlnume, Ger. 

1. Ldtaa i.S Caucaims p1. 196, 197. 1 194 

The Bnropean Lotos, or common Date Flum. 
PsendoUhuMatth. 
Gnaiaci n a palavina Toum. 
ItaUanL^rimm Vfke, WoodqfL(fe, Pock- 

vood, Battard Menynumod, Gerard. 
Bofr ttf TrebiMOnde. 
Plaqneminier, Faue LoOer, Fr 
T ta n an i $ e k e Datlelpfiaumey Ger. 

t liiginiina Xr. *t North America 

pl. 198, 199. 1195 
The Ylrginlan Date Plum, or Persimon. 
Gnaiacina Catesb. 

Varieiy - - 1196 

2 d{ilcis Prince's Cat, 
Foreman*s sweet Persimon. 

3. (V.) pubescens Pi«r*A. S N. Am. 1196 
The iamnyJeaoed Vhnginian Date Plnm. 
D. v i r gim dna var. Biichx. 

App. I. Other Species of 'Ebendcea, 1 1 97 

{l<9>tTQs aagusttfblia Lodd, Cat. 

^•fmsLodd.Cat. 

D. lAdda Lodd. Cat. f North America. 

D. HaMfa Rozb. m O Philip Islands. 



Embryflpteris KdJki L. { |_J Japan. 
D. aUnfnsis Blume* 
Konis, KaJh\ Ksmpf. 



Psf* 



OledcetB. - 1197 

X t ti-J 1-J •••lJ 

Sect. I. Olk^ina. 1197,1198 
X11lJ1-J«« «lJ 



I. ZrIGU'STRUM roiir». 5 1 



1198 



Tbi Pbivbt. 

TVoene, Fr. 
hainweide, Ger. 

1. vulgire 7V<^. a ai S f Britain 

fig. 1019,1020. 1198 
The common Prlvet. 

L. fermdm'cum Bauh. 
Prtm, Prim-print. 
Puine bianc, Fr. 
Gemeine Rainweide, Ger. 
Ligusiro Oiivella, Ital. 

Varietie» 1 m m ~ . II99 
2 leucocdrpum A 

The white-berried Privet. 
S xanthocdrpum A 

The yellow-berried Priret. 

4 chlorocdrpum A 

The green-berried PriTet. 

5 sempervlrens 1 ii fig. 1018. 
The ItaUan, or evergreen, Privet. 

L. ituUcum MiU. 

6 yariegatum dl 

The variegated-/eae«if Prlvet. 

7 angustifolium A 

The narrow-leaved Privet. 

• « 1 Nepal 
fig. 1022. 1201 



2. spic^tum HamiU, 



The spikedvlMii«reif Privet. 
L. nqvo/^iMe Wall. 
L. lanceolatum Herb. Lamb. 
L. nepaUnse nar. gldbrum Hook. 

3. liicidum AU. fig. 1024, 1025. 1201 
The shining-ilravftf Privet, or Wax Tree, 

Variety - - - 1201 

2 floribiindum Donald'a Cat. 

App. i. Species of t.igHstrum not yet intro- 

duced. . . 1202 

L. tMom Uur. ^ Chin«. 

L. jKB^aicum nunb. 3t Jmn. 

L. UdifaUwnVltm. ^^ 
L. pnMKCDS Watl. A Bunnew Empire. 
L. bndeolktani D, Con. A Nepiil. 

h.Jaoamiatm Hamilt. 

fkUlsfrtabracteeidta Hcrb. Lamb. 

II. PHILLVREA Toum. 1198. 1203 
The Philltrba. 

FOaria, Fr. 
Steinlinde» Ger. 

1. angustifolia L. ft ItaJy and Spain 

fig. 1025. 1203 
The narrow-leaved Phillyrea. 
P. obliqtta Tenore Syll. 
P. midia Tenore Fl. Neap. 

Varieties ik - . . 1204 

2 lanceolata Ait. m 

3 rosmarinifolla Ait. m fig. 1026. 

4 brachiita Ait. m 



XCVl 



CONTENT8. 



2. inedialr.a S. Europe fig.1097. 1804 

Tbe Intermedlate, or kmee-le€ned^ PhlUjrea. 
P. latMlia «or. ■ mUia Lapeyr. 
P. Immtr^blia MiU. 
P. iirvw Tenore SyU. 
P. laiifblia mt. a hguttiiftlia PoU. 

rarieHetm - - - lfi04 

S Tirg&U 2(t]r. il 
8 tezilbUa AiL m 

9. (m.)5giistrifdUa Aitm S. Europe 1904 
The PriTeUleaTed PhUlyree. 

4. (m.) p^ndula Ait m S, oi Europe 1904 

pTMaterWUld. « 

5. (m.) olecfolia Ait. « S. of Europe 1904 

TlM OUTt-lc««cd Phniyrca. 
P. mMia 8 Ait. 
P. rw!«Mdf« link. 



6. latifolia L, m 8. Eur. fig. 1098. 1905 

Tbe broMl-leeTed PbUlyrea. 

P. laHfdlia fi gerrdta PoU. 
P. la^JUiaB Ten. Fl. Neap. 
P. tpinUa Ten. SyU. 
P. UUifoUa fi tpimbea 8«g. 

7. (1.) Ise^s ili^. A South of Europe 

and North of Africa - - 1905 

Tbe nnooth PbiUyrea. 

P. latifblia var. a. Willd. 8p. 
P. kUifblia MUl. Dlct. 

8. (1.) obllqua Aii, m South Europe 1905 

p! UMAHmy Wllld. 8p. 
P.ibUteMLInk. 
PUIlVrw U. GlM. 

9. (1.) spinosa MUL m 8. Europe 1905 

Tbe ipinT, or Holkf-leaved^ PhSUyrea. 
T.Uieifblia wmd. Euum. 



1098. 
1905 



.UieiflHiaYfi 
P. latSdlia 6 tpinbta WUld. Sp. 
P. latmlia hngifdUa Link. 
VkiUSrrea i. Clui. 

III. CHIONA'NTHU8 £r. 5 i 

Tbb Snow.FLowBa, or Frimgt Tree. 
Chionaintke, Fr.: 
SckaeeUume, Ger. 

1. virginica I/. I^ North America 

fig. 1099, 1030. 1906 
Tbe Virglnian Snow-Flower. 
Snovfdrop Tree, Amer. 
Arbe de Neige, Fr. 
Sckneeblume, Ger. 

VarieHet m - - 1906 

2Jatifolia Caietb. m 

C. V. montdna Pursh. 

3 angustifolja Ait. m 

C. triflda Moencb. 

4 maritima Purth. m 

C. maritima Lodd. 

App. I. nalf-hardy Hgneout Speciet of Oled- 
ceet heUmging to the Section Ol^inee. 1907 

li-J t-J «ilJ 

O. CAefMcr HoffnittUCIK. 
O. ««ropMta eoMMiAnit Alt. 
O. «tylvMri* MUl. 

O. •. ■»11« t L-LflJl. lOTl. 
O. MrfhwHofffaiaiiMgg. 
O. muvp^ Mlchs. 

Sitbparietiet. 

O. c. ft. loturifbUa iUI. flg. 1031. 
latflblta. 
kUpdiiiim Mill. 



i>l(mei^^tBl^ 



obQqnaAH. 
taxSbUi 



flf. 103S. 



^U«.4«. 

Subvarietiet mott etleemed m Antnce. 

1. OUrtar ptoasMr. 

0'lM uumlm t t rrka N. M Ham. 
S. CMiiier fc Vruit amodi. 

OVm «JU^rMM N. Oa Hm. 
8. Ottftar dt Lncqacs. 

O^ MlM«r iMMiMfa N. D« Ham. 
4. OUvtar k pettt Frait raod, JT. ])■ Mmm, 
A. OUvtar ditS^an. JV. DuHmt. 
o. OHttar MMjgiiMiliii 

O^aMMrddliiM. 
7. OUTePkte^aa. 

0'lM oUAwti N. Dia Han. 



L.mC 



otUmga 



flg. lOM. im 
> fls. loss^ m 

-ItOB 

. 1198. 1206 
1 198. 1908 



ot _ 

O. ■oiarictaul.. AuJ 
a hi^rum T»mi6. ClJ 
0.capdmtel..fllij 
o. bMraMnZm. 

Sect. II. SrMi^iTQBJB. 

IV. SYRrNGA L. • 

Thb Lilac. 

LllaoTbnr». 
LOiu, Fr. 
FUeder^Gex. 

1. vulgkris I^. m Persia fig. 1036. 1909 

The oommon Lilac. 

LUac miigMt G«rtn. 
Pipe Privet^ PipeTree. 
Luat commun,rT. 
Oemeiner FUedert Oer. 

Farietietm - . 1209 

1 eaeriilea Cbu. m 

Tbe common Uueltllac. 
9 oiolaoea CurL m 
The oommon purple Lilac. 
ScotchlMac 
3&lba 91 
The comiDOn wbite LUac. 

4 ilba m^jor Lodd. CaL m 

5 &lba plena * 

S. plina Lodd. Gat. 

6 riibra Lodd. Cat. m 

7 riibra migor Lodd. m 
Other Varieties. 

9. Josikse^a Jacq. m Transylvania 

fig. 1037, 1038. 1901 
Jodka*8 LUac. 

3. pi^rsica L. m Persia fig. 1039. 1911 

The Peniaa Lilac. 

LUac minor Momdi. 
lAlBcpfrtica Lam. 
LHat de Pertty Fr. 

Varietietm . . . 1911 

^9 41ba Lodd. Cai. m 
*" The white Persian LUac 
S laciniita Lodd. Cat. m fig. 1040. 

Tbe eat-leaved Pertian LUac. 
S. capitiia Gmel. 
Lilat a PenHlet de PertH, Fr. 
4 calyifolia Lodd. Cat. m 

4. rothomag^nsis RenauU. m Rouen 

fig. 1041. 1912 

Tbe Rouen LUac. 
8. dkbia Pert. 

Lililceum rotkomagtnte Raia»H. 
S. midia Dura. Cours. 
LiUu Varin, N. Du Haai. 
S. chinintit WUld. 
S. tibirica Uoit. 
Tke Siberia» Lilac, Hort. 



I 



CONTKNTS. 



XCVll 



1212 



f^arieties • • 
S Lilas Royal, Bon, JarcL A 
S suigeana Hort. il 

Lfias Muge, Fr. 

? S. coecmfa Lodd. Gat. 

S. ehmhuis ribra Lodd. Cat 



App. i. SpeeicM of Syringa not yet intro- 

ducetU - - 1212 

8. BnMi WmO. &«. 104S. 
a,nai>»rau, 

? UK U l rv mt nm f mm Lanr. 



V. FONT ANE ^IA Labill. a ± 

THB FOKTAMSSIA. 1198. 1213 

1. phillyreoides LdfnlL a t Syria 

' fig. 1034. 1213 

The Phillyrea-like Fontanetla. 

Faa^wptearaU. - 1S18 

Srtio^i mitfimm Thimb. 
Iithcr<*rP^w*I«m. 

SecLlIL Fbaxikie'^. f A 1198. 1213 

VL FRAOCINUS Toum, 5 n 1198. 1213 

TluAsH. 

fSr^, Fr. 
£fdl^, Ger. 

A. Le^fieU broady smooth or shming on tke upper 
Smface. Natives (jfEurope. 

i. exc^ior L. Tt Europe 

pL200>201, 202. fig. 1044. 121d 

Hw tallcr, or cammon^ Aih. 
F. apitaia Lam. 
F. rostrdta Gtua. 
F. CKmw Scop. 
F. erdsa Peri. 
F. cri»a Bo6C. 
LrfWne, Fr. 

Aeseke^ Eseke^ Ger. and Dutch. 
if jt, Dan. and Swed. 
Prassino^ Ital. 
/Vemo, Span. 
Freito, Port. 
Jof , Jofm, Jassen, Russ. 
iEce, Sax. 

FaneftV* 5 - - - 1214 
2 p^ndula y^tY. pl. 203. 
Thc pendalous, or weepingt Ash. 
pendula var. 3^ 

S Kincairnise x 
The Kincaimey Aih. 

4 a^rea mUd. S 

The golden-^rir^d Ash. 
F. €t6rea Pers. 

5 aiirea p^ndula ¥ 

6 crispa 1t 

F. erispa Bosc. 
F. afrovirens Decf. 

7 jaspidea ff iOd. % 
The siriped-barked Ash. 

8 purpur^kscens Descemet. t 
The purple-6or4ivd Ash. 

9 argentea i>es/! % 

Tbe ^Vkrer-striped-leaved Ash. 

10 liitea S 

Tbe jeUow-edge-leqfleied Ash. 

1 1 erosa Pers, X 

12 horizontalis Derf. 'i 

Thc horisontal-^anck^^d Ash. 

13 Terrucosa JDesf. 1L 
The warted-torAetf Ash. 



14 verrueosa p^ndula x 

15 ndna Lodd. Cat. ± 
The dwarf Ash. 

F. e. kUmilis Hort. 

16 fiingdsa Zjodd. Cat. 5^ 
The tangaus-barked Ash. 

17 vertlciMta Lodd. Cat. 1t 
The whorIed-/!fa«Af Ash. 

18 villdsa nova Descemet, ¥ 
Other Varieties. 

2. (e.) heterophylla VahL ^ Europe 

pL204. 1228 

The various-leaved Ash. 

F. simplicifdlia Willd. and Hort. 

F. monophjjUa Desf. 

F. e. fi diversifblia Ait. 

F. e. var. t Lam. 

F. e. /3 keteropkpUa Dec. 

F. iniegrifhlia and diversi/hlia Hort. 

Varietjf ... 1229 

2 varieg^ta fig. 1051. 

3. (e.) angustifolia Bauh. 'i Eur. 1229 
The narrow-leaved Ash. 

Other Sortsof thecommon£uropeanAshl229 

B. Leeiflets smaU^ smootk or ikining ahove. Natives 
qftke Soutk qf Europe, tke Nortk qf 4frica^ or 
Ae Westqflsia. 

4. (e.) parvifolia WiUd. t South of 

Europe, North of Africa, Vi^est of 

Asia pL 205. fig. 1052. 1229 

The smaU-leaved Ash. 

5. (e. p.) arg^ntea Lois, 5E South of 

Europe, North of Africa, and West 

of Asia - - - 1230 

The %VLfeTj-leaved Ash. 

6. (e.p.) oxycarpa WiUd. * South of 

Europe, North of Africa, and VTest 

of Asia - - fig. 1053. 1230 
The sharp-frulted Ash. 



F. orypk^Ua Bieb. 
F. (rmu 



^mus PaU. 

7. (e.) pdllida Bosc. S South of Europe, 

N. of Africa, and W. of Asia 1230 

The pale-ftarAeef Ash. 

8. fentiscifolia Des^. I South of Europe, 

North of Africa, and West of Asia 

pl. 206. fig. 1054. 1231 
The LentlscuB-leaved Ash. 
F. XMnariscifbUa Vahl. 
F. parvifbUa Lam. 
F. cJeppinsis Fluk. 

Variety - - - 1231 

2 p^ndula 

C. Leaves and Leqflets large, glaueous and downy 
beneatk. NaHves exckuiveqf of Nortk America. 

9. araericana WiUd. I North Ainerica 

. pL 207. fig. 1055. 1232 

The Amerlcan Ash. 

F. acuminilUa Lam. 

F. discolor Muhl. 

Wkite Askt Green Ask, Amer. 

Variety It - ' - - 123« 

2 latifolia 1t 

1 



XCVlll 



CONTENTS. 



10. (a.) pub^scens WaU, t N. America 

fig. 1056. 1232, 1233 

Th« downy A«h. 

F. n^o Du Rcrf. 

F. tometU6»a Mlchx. 

Bed Aiky Black Atk^ Amer. 

VccrietieM * - - - 1233 

2 longifolia WiBd, 2 

F. pemuiflvdmea Marfth. 

3 latifolia WiUd. 1 

4 subpub^scens Pert. *!t 

? F. tubviUdta Bosc. 

U. (a.) «ambudfolia Vahl. » N. America 

fig. 1057, 1058. 1234 

The Elder-leaTod Aah. 
F. tUgra Moench. 
F. cntpa Hort. 
Black Atkt JVater Ath^ Amer. 

Variety J - - - 1234 

2 crispa Lodd, Cat. 1t 

12. fa.) quadrangulata Michx, * North 
America - fig. 1059, 1060. 1235 



The quadrangolar-draiwfterf Aib. 
F. tetr«ud»a CeU. 
F. qHadranguUirit Lodd. Cat. 
iite^ il«A, Amer. 



- 1235 



Variety X - 
3 nervdsa Lodd, Catt, x 

13. Ca.) /uelandifblia LflTO. 5 N. America 

pl. 208. f. 1061. 1062. 1232. 1236 
The Walnut-leared Ash. 
F. 9iri(Ut Michx. 
F. c6ncolor Mtihl. 
The green Athy Anier. 
Wettem biack Ath, Pursh. 

Variety * - - - 1236 
2 subinteg^rrima FaW. H 

F. iuglandifdlia fi tvbterrdta 

F. caroUnittna Wangcnh. 
F. Vhv<F-A'nglia and F. oorotf- 
nUtna Mill. Dici. 

14. Ca.) caroliniana Lam, * N. America 
^ ^ 1232. 1237 

The CaroUna Ath. 
F. exdltior Walt. 
F. terraiifhUa Mlchx. 
F. lanceoldta Borkh. 

15. Ta.) epiptera FoA/. t N. America 
^ pl. 209. fig. 1232. 1237. 
The wlng-toppcd-»f«fcd, «r two-colouredj A«h. 

F. canadintit Goertn. 
F. Idncea Bosc. 

16. fa.) platyc&rpa roA/. I^ N. America 

fig. 1063. 1064. 1238 

The broad-fruited Ash. 
F. caroUnidtui Cateab. 
The CaroUna Ath^ Amer. 

17. (a.) exp^nsa W^t^. « N. Am. 1238 

The expanded Aih. 

r!aroUnidna Hort. WorUta. 

18. (a.) mixta jBmc ^ N. Amcrica 1238 

Th0 mixcd Aih. • 

19. («•) puWerul6nta Bo9C. 5 N. Am. 1238 

Thepomtafy A«h. 

20. (a.)rubiciindaJ?MC. X N. Amer. 1239 

The nddtah JMlMrf A>h. 

21. (a.)lon|^Jolia Jffojc. I N. Amer. 1239 

Th« toogotaiTOd Aih. 



22. (a.) \-lridi8 ^ofc. $ N. Amer. 1239 

The g re e n Aah. 

23. (a.) cindrea Bosc, N. America 1239 

The grejr Ash. 

24. (a.) aba Soee. ± N. America 1239 

The vhttcAth. 

? F. eantimUuia 4lla, 

?F.amerieAma4IUwmr., 

? F. OM. ««ta ftflala Hort. 8oe. Uod. 

25. (a.) lUch&rdi Bosc, t N. Am. 1239 

Richard*! Aih. 

26. (a.) ovata Bote, t N. America 1239 
The oTate-leoMd Ash. 

27. (a.) nlgra Bote, t N. America 1239 
The bladL A»h. • 

28. (a.) elliptica Bote. 2 N. Amer. 1240 
The eDlpOc-ieaved Ash. 

29. (a^) f^aca Boee. S N. America 1240 

Th« brown b r a mekt d Aflh. 

30. (a.) rilfkBotc. !£ North America 1240 

Tha rvtan»-kMnd AA. 

31. (a.) panndsa Fent, et Botc, t North 

America - - pl. 210. 1240 
The doth-Uke-lemml Ash. 

32. B68cii G. Don. t N, America 1240 



F. iiAm BoK> DOi oT Wmd. 



North 
- 1240 



33. (a.) polemoniifblia Poir. i 

America - - - 

The Greek-Valerlan-leaTed Ash. 
F. ndna Deif. 
F. ndna {appendicul^) Pera. 

34. (a.) triptera Nvtt, S N. Amer. 1240 

Tho thrM-winaod- O ■ il H d A«h. 

35. chin6nsis Roxh. X N. America 1240 

Thc China Aih. 

36. Schiedeowa Schlecht. !t N. Amer. 1241 

Schtade^ Aih. , ^ „ w ,. 

Fag^a iAUa Roem. et Sehnlt. 

VII. (yRNUS Pert, 5 1 198. 1241 

Thb Flowbrino Ash. 

YrAxinut tp. of the older authon. 
he Frine a Fleurt, Fr. 
Die blUhende Etehe, Ger. 
Oren, Hebrew. 
Oreine Melia^ Greek. 

1. europae^a Pert. t South of Europe 

pl. 21 1,212. 1241 
The Buropean Flowerlng, or Matma, Aih. 
F. &mut L. , , ,,.„ _, ^ 

F. Cymut and F. pow^ndtfto Mill. Dict. 
"F.fiorifera Scop. 
F oolryoMef Mor. 
F. vulgHttar Segn. 

Varietiet - - - 1241 
rotundifolia. 

O. rotundifdUa, 
americana. 

O. americdna. 
globifera Lodd, 

2. (e.) rotundifolia Pert. * Calabria 
^ fig. 1069. 1244 
The ronnd-lealleted Flowerlng A»h. 

Frdeinut rotundifbUa Ait. 
F. manniftra Hort. 



CONTENTS. 



XCIX 



3. (e.) ameridUia Pursh, t N. America 

fig.1070. 1244 

The Ameriean Flowerlog Ash. 
? F. ameriedma L. 
F. <ynMU americdna Lodd. 

4. floribiinda G.Don, t Nepal 

fig. 1072. 1245 
The abaiidaiit-flowered Flowermg Ash. 
TrdjimmtfloriMbtda "D. Don. 

5. ■triftta Swt. $ - . - . 1246 



Tht 



FIovCTlad Ajb. 



App. L JBartfy Speeitu of 0>muM nat yet 
inirodMcetL - - 1246 



Wan. 

O.Dai. 
Mmrtrqfnka» WaU. 
O. Dom. 

mtvr k y l la WaB. 

App. iL Mphabetieal Litt of the Sorts of 
FrdxinuM a»d (ymua t» the Arboretum of 
Meetrm. LoddigeMf and in the Horticvitural 
Soeietjf*» Garden, with their Namet reftrred 
to the different Speciet to which they are 
prttumed to hehmg. ... 1246 

App. tii. Litt of the Sortt of Frdxinut and 
ifmaM ui the Arboretum ofMetart,Loddiget9 
and in the Chitwich Garden, arranged aL- 
phabetieedfy nnder the dijfferent Speciet to 
which they are pretumed io bdong, . 1247 



JasmindceiB. 



1248 



• m auJ «-J 1 I. Lt-J 
LJASMrNUM Fortkoel. A ai iiLJ 

• —I d i- ti-J - -1248 

Tbb jAnnifB. 

lIoDg6rii]m Lam. 



Jatmim, Fr. and Ger. 
Sekatmim, Ger. 
Gcitomimet Ital. 
Ji www » Span. 

1. fruticaDS L. * South of Europe and 

the Levant - - fig. 1073. 1248 
The nrlg-prodiiciDg, or «Arvft^, Jacmine. 
jrkaeropk^Uum Mcench. 

Varieiy - - .1248 

fl. s^mi-pUno. 

2. hdmile L. « Madeira fig. 1074. 1249 

The hamUe, or Ualian geUoWtJtJtmiae. 

3. heterophyllam jRcwd. « i-J Nepal 

fig. 1075. 1249 
The Tarioiia-leaved Jasmlne. 

J. arb^emm Hamilt. MSS. 
Goqfee, Jaeama, in Nepal. 

4 reyolutum Ker. * — ' Hindostan and 

Nepal - - - fig. 1076. 1249 
TIm TwtAvte-Jlowered Jannine. 
J. ekrvtdmiAemmm Roxb. 
Tke Nepal yeUow Jaemhte. 

' (r.) pubfgerum D.Don. «— J Nepal 

fig. 1077. 1250 
Fhe dffwny Nepal Jacnrine. 
J. WamMiaixsm LindL 
CltmaU.9wa^ Nepalese. 



Pafi« 

6. ofiicinhle L. 1 i. Asia fis. 1078. 1250 

The offlcinai, or cofnmoi», Jasmme. . 

Farietiet 11. . .1250 

2 foliis arg^nteis Lodd. Catt. X L. 

3 foliis aiireis Lodd. Catt. 1 L 

4 floribus pUnia Hort. A L. 

App. 1. Hardy Speeiet of Jatmlnum not yet 

inirodueed. . - 1253 

J. airaam O. Dom. NmmI. 

J. mtwitatMB Lomr. Coaila-Cliliia 



App. 11. Half-hardy Speeiet of Jaminum. 

1254 

J. odorattelmiiin £. i i_J M addnu 

211« /'(wniiiw ^ Goa. 
J. Rla4ouin ralU. ikL_J Capo of Goed Hope. 
^. •nMcnm roM. i. uJ Atont «Dd Maddn. 



ApocyndcecR, *lJ i. nw 1254 

L n'NCA Zr. », - - - 1254 

Ths Psbiwinklb. 

"Pervlmea Toarn. 
X>a Pervemeket Fr. 
SimmgrUmt CSer. 

1. m&jorZr.n^ Britain f. 1082, 1083. 1254 
The greater Periwinkle. 

Yinca midia Delfle. 
"Pervimca mHjor Soop. 

Varietyfk, - - - 1254 
2 variegata Hort. %, 

2. minor L. %, Europe fig. 1084. 1256 

The lesa PeriwlnUe. 

Vervi$wa m^mor Scop. 
TenAmea vulgdrit Park. 
CUmatit ^pknoldet Dodon. 

Varietiet%r . - - 1256 

2 fdliis arg^nteis Lodd. Cat. %, 

3 foliis a^reis Lodd. Cat. l^ 

4 flore tibo Lodd. Cat. (^ 
B flore pleno Lodd. Cat. lU 

6 flore puniceo Lodd. Cat, %, 

App. I. Half-hardy Ugneout Plaptt bdonging 
to the Order Apocyndeea. - 1256 

GeUhmum nitidum Michjp, i. N. America 

fig. 1085. 

Bignbnia. temperv i rent L. 
jnriomOleiiiderlniKLJ 8.of Fnncvdc Spaln f. 1066. ItS 



Asdepiadkcesd. Ji luj 1257 
L PERrPLOCA L. Ji ' - 1257 

Thb Pbriploca. 

Periptocaf Fr. 
Sckltmge, Ger, 

1. grse^ca L. ^ Soutb of France and of 

Bithynia - fig. 1087, 1088. 1257 
The (vreek Periploca. 

P. maculaia Mcench. ^ 

2. angustifolia LolKff. ^ Tuuisf.1089. 1258 

The Banvw-lMvcd Pcriploeib 
P.v^rMaVlr. 
P. knHgdim V«hl3 

12 



CONTENTS. 



T.lmvigkuAk. 



Canan Uiand> 



18M 



Hal/.hardy Species o/ Periploca, -1258 



i 1 



Bi^nonikcess, 

ii-j t. i.a i_Lj 



1258 



1258 



I. BIGNO N/^ Tourn. 1 

Thb Tbcitpbt Flowbk. 

BigndnhiL m. L. and othen . 
Btgnone, Fr. 
TnmpetetMumet Ger. 

1. capreolataI/.-& N. Ain. f. 1090. 1259 

The tendriled Bignonia. 



J 1-1 i. □ 
- 1258, 1259 



CobcBajcetB. i.o 

ColKB^a *c£uAm Cav. i_ lAI &g. 1096. 



1264 



Convolvulac&B, .1^^ -* juuj 1364 

ConvtflTuIttt 2>oryeBlain £.. Jc Lennt. fig. 1100. 
C. Cne6nun L. M- i I Spain, Acc. flg. 1099. 

C. M»pkj|u 1« %^ I I Cuurlet. 

C. fldslila* I>. &«. i_J Canarki. 



II. TE'COMA Ju88. J 

i.i-J i I - 

Thb Tbcoma. 

JSiJifitdfiia ip. L. and othen. 

1. radicans t7u#f . 1 Carolina f. 1091. 1259 

The rootlng-ArancAAf Tecoma. 
Bigninik radictimi L. 
Birndnia, radiean» mdjar Hort. 
Geisdmium CUmaU» Barrel. 
BigninAa, traxinifdUa Catesb. 
Jatmin de Virgfnie, Fr. 
Wuneln BigmnUa, Ger. 
EuchenbtaUrige Bignonia, Dutch. 

Vcaiety 1 - - - 1259 
2 miijor Hort. JL 

2. grandifldra Swt. 1 t-J China and Japan 

fig. 1092. 1260 

The great-flowered Tecoma. 

Bign^iBL graniifldra Thunb. 
Btgndnia. chinAisit Lam. 
Bjot^o Ksmpf. 

JncarviOea.grandifidra Spreng. 
Tut^mvon-Jat Chinese. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species o/ Biffnbnia and 

T^coma. - - 1261 

BlsntaM cracDKeim PfMM. i_ O Virginia. 

TMmui «ajrtriilb K. flr. « 1 I New Holland. fig. 1093. 

J%nteia PandArmvevi. 
T. capA»!» UniL 4_ _J C«pe cf Good Hopc. fig. 1094. 

Biffnbmia. eafrtMuThanb. 

III. CATA'LPA Juss. 5 - 1258. 1261 

The Catalpa. 

BignHmiA sp. of L. and othen. 
Bignone Caialpa, Fr. 
Gemeine Trompetenblume, Ger. 

j . tyrmgeeRi]xBL Sinu, !t North America 

pl. 213, 214. 1261 

The Lilac-/ft<' leavpd Catalpa. 
^f^n^ia Cat.tli h Lin. 
Cat&Ipa /^iJi7>"»loide8 FPiai^. 
C. cordifbUa Nut. 
A)t.f Shavanon, Cataipa de VAmMque, 

Fr. 
rrof}ip(ri<m-6attm. Ger. 
Catalptkboomy Dutch. 

App. I. 0/the half-hardy Ugneous PlantB o/ 
the Order Bignonlkcea. - 1263 

fig. 10915. 



"BorafftndcecB, 

I.hlMap4nnQni fr aU cA w im L. Jt S. of Borope. 
L. fruticdmm mi^us Ldkm. Napic*. fig. IIOI- 

L. mmnarmtfMimm Tenan. 
L. pratrMum Loia. %>. Fronce. 
iTchhim gigantiam L. tt i I Canario. 
B. ctndJcant L.M\__} Maddra. fig. 110X. 
tfclioCrOpium pcruTiitnam L. f^ i 1 Paa. 
ir. p. bybrtdum »• i_J Hybrid. 
H. oarfiahbmtm A.tlP.%^ lJ Pieni. 



1265 



1265 



Cordi&cesR. *a 

EliTvtiaaerrkialtoaft. ikO E. Indlei and Cbina. fSg. 1103. 



SolandceiB, 



lO • «i-J 



1266 

1C3 



O fti^ 



- 1266 



ifl6nu Httmih. |_ \_J Peru. 
B. Tftidi» «.'«< P. Peni. 



Eccremocnrput l 



ongifl 
». P« 



CalimpelU scAbra O. Dom. f 
Eccrtmoc4rptu teubtrn 



et F. 



figs. 1096, 1097. 



•O «l 
i.— I ^ 

I. 50LA^NUM P/wy. 
Jl i.— I - 

THB NlOHTSRADB. 

Melongdna 7b«m. 
Ptehdo-Cdpsicum Mcmch. 
Nffctirium Vent. 
Aqudrt\A Jaeg. 
MoreUe, Fr. 
Nachtsehatten, Ger. 

1. Dulcamitra Z/. 1 Britain f. 1 104. 1266 

The Bitter-Bweet, or tpooify, Nightshade. 
S. scdndens Neck. 
Dulcamiirajlezuhsa M(»nch. 
S. scdndens seu Dulcam&ra Toum. 
Amura dulcis Gerard. 
DHlcis Amdra Trag. 
GlycQpicros seu DwUcamdra Baoh. 
La Morelle grimpante Renault. 

Varietie» 1 - - - 1267 

1 oioUcea Hori. A 

2 ^ba L. 1 

3 cdrnea CeU, X 

4 plena Toum. 1. 

5 Tariegtlta Munt. Jk 

6 hirsuta Don*s MilL 1 

7 rup^stris Sehmidt. JL 

2. suffniticosum Schousb, i 

Tb» mffinitiooarNighuliade. 

L-J Chiloe 
fig. 1105. 1267. 



BarlMU7l267 



3. crfspum R, Sf S. 



The curled-&atr0<f Solanum. 

4. bonari^nse J[^. • i— I Buenos Ayres 

fig. 1106. 1268 
The Buenofi Ayres Nightfthade. 



CONTENTS. 



Cl 



App. i. Half-hardy Hgneou9 ar fruiicoMe Spe~ 
cieso/SolanKm, - 1268 

Mten BiltaiiU Dunal. M i \ 8. AoMrlca. 
<. kttkaeom Csc. ii CI3 S. A m ei to a. 
S. ■«■IkBmJLar 5. ACD Lima. 
S. ■!Mrt*»^t»in ir. il|_J Afric*. 

S. FMil0-<^ip«ici>m £. ^ L-J Madelzm. 
CUIpiicM AMiHMm PUnii Qmrmrd. 

S.iodtainunL. ^L— I Africa. 
S.antitaiBi«^il_J ChUI. fiff. 1107. 



11. LY'CIUM i. • .1 Jt 1266. 1269 
Thb Box Thokn. 

JatmmSidea NlM. 
Matrimon^ ViHe, Amer. 
lAfcien, Fr. 
Aelaidbns, Ger. 

1. earopse^uiii L. X South of Europe 

fig. 1108. 1269. 

The BaropaD Boic Thom. 
L. talieifltUetm MUl. 
Jaemhioide» acu^nUMm BHchx. 

Varietiet 1 - - 1270 

Fniit yellov JL 

Fruit roundish X 

2. (e.) barbarain Zr. 1 S. of Europe, &c. 

The BnrbarT Box Tbom. 
L. hntimifOliuM MIU. 
L. bdrbarum m vulgdre Alt. 
7% i>«l;« qfArgyWi Tea Tree. 

3. (e.) chineose MilL -^ X China 

fig. 1110. 1111. 1271 

The CbincM Box Tbom. 

L. btlrbarum /3 cJuninst Alt. 
L. birbartun Lnur. 
L. omatvm N. Du Ham. 

4. (e.) TrewwnttOT G.Don.l China 1271 

Tresr*! Box Thorn. 

L. bd r b a rum Lam. 

L. dtininm N. Du Ham. 

5' (e.) ruthenicum Murr. X Siberia 

fig. 1112. 1271 

Tbe Roisian Box Thom. 
L. tatarieum PaU. 
Lffeten de la Russiet Fr. 

VarietyX - - 1272 

2 caspicum PaU. 

6. (e.) lanceoUtum PotV. 1 S. Europe 1272 

IWlaacaolate-lMwrf Box Thocii. 
L. a aiwjw * !» ! j9 Dac 

7. (e.) turbinatum Du ^am. X China 

fig. 1115. 1272 

Tbt taMtmt.fmUtd Bos Tborn. 
L. h^amJhlMm MUl. 
L. UrianM ^ Dac. 

8- (?e.) tetrindrum Tkunb. X Cape of 
Oood Hope - " ' 1272 

Tfae Hmidroitt;^bi«r*«rf Box Tboni. 

9. (?e.) Shiwi Roem. J Barbary . 127S 

S»»^ B« Thorn. 

L.<wM«WBfJ]l. 



10. afrumL. A Spain f. 1114, 1115. 1273 

Tbe African Box Thom. 

UL CRAB(yWSK/4 Schlecht. X i-J 

1266. 1273 

Tke Crabowskia. 

hCcium tp.lj' 
EhrHiM. sp. L'HcrU. 



1. boerhaavi£p/o&z Schlecht. X lJ SouX 
of Brazil - fig. 1116. 1274 

The BoerhaavU^leared Crabowskia. 
"LCciu^n boerhaavUfXtWxxm L. 
EkriAsi halimifoUa L'H§rIt. 
Li^cium heterophyUum Murr. 
Jatminoides spindsum Du Ham. 
Lyeium paniculi, Fr. 

App. I. Half-kardy ligneous Plants beJonging 
to the Order Solan^e€B. - 1274 



NleotttM glanea Orah. A _J Baenoa Ajrrea. fig. 1118. 
BmgmSnwla Buuruinea R.etP.i, J 1 flg. 11 17. 
JI. bteolor Pen. 

B. siu««olera wmd. t P«u. fig. 1190. 

Dattun arbArta Hort. 

AoUndra gnDdJfldra L. A l 1 Jamaics. 

C6stmm noctHmuni L. vCI] B. Indio. fig. 1119. 

C. PdnpU L. ftO Chlll. fig. 11«2. 
Vdatia /yciakdaa WiUd. ^ L_J ChUl. flg. IISI. 

Jnaa. 



laiyc 
C4n< 



toML \igHatiifMa 



Scropkvlaridcece» 

• *a •i-j «■— j tL-j 

I. BUDDLB^ L. • a • U 



1276 



1276 



Thk Buodlsa. 



1. globdsaZ. A Chilif.1123, 1124. 1276 

The f^o\se-JUnpered Buddlea. 

B. globiftdra N. Du Ham. 
B. capitdUa Jacq. 
P&lquin FetUUie It. 
Buddieia globuleus, Fr. 
Kopftragende BudUje, Ger. 

App. I. Half-hardy Speeie$ of BuddleA. 1277 

B. ««IvifMia Lami, 1 C. O. H. 
Lanthna ualv\f\Uia L. 

B.iMmicalktafra</. iiO Nepal. 
B. nligna WUld. ift ( I C. O. H. 

B. crispa Roiftc. Hlmalayaa. 

App. I. Half-hardy Kgneoua Plants of the 
Order Scrophularidcea. - 1277 

amMa Iftelda L. * lJ C. O. H. fig. 11S5. 
Mauriadja a«mperfl6rais Jacg . JL L—l Mezicou 
M. BafclaTaaa Bot. Reg. ^ L-J Mexico. 
Jfimulns ^utin6sus WUld. th \__] CaUfomia. 
Anthoctfrds viacte Jt.Br.il |__J New HoUond. 
Calceolkria inti«rtf6Iia L. B. _J ChiU. 

C. ruff6sa Pl. Ptr. tt. ^ Cbili. 

C. steiUs Hortf. O. .^ flga. 1127, 11«). 

KcnMca deeusaiita AU. CL | Falkland Islonda. figa. 1189,11S0. 

C^laja lankU Jacq. tt. | fi«. 1S26. 

Caprteialonoeol&uL. iiij C. O. H. 

FrmUnia mlttijUia fiot. Mag. 
Alonsia R. et P. 
JlMKdbKla H. B. et Kunth. 
Loplnepirmum Don. 
Rliodochitan Zuee. 
NyctcrfnU D. Dw^, 



LfabidcecB. 1278 

Satureja montana L. «- South of Europe 

fig. 1131. 1278 

S. capitata Willd. «l. Levant - 1278 

Tliymus vulgaris L. n. South of Europe 

fig. 1132. 1278 

T. Mastichina L. «. -J Spain 1278 

T.grandifldrun Hort. 



cu 



CONTENTS. 



Hym6pna officiniilis L. «■ S. of Europe 

fig. 1133. 1278 
Tei^crtum angustifoiium Schreb. «. Spain 

1279 
T. Mticans X. ai — I Spain 

fig. 1 135, 1 136. 1279 
T. Mhrum X. «•_! South of Europe 

fig. 1 134. 1279 
T. fl^vum I/. «• -J South of Europe 1279 
T. Polium I.. «.- J S. of Europe 1279 
T. corymbosum R. Br. • — J Van Die- 
men's Land ... 1279 
Phl6mis fruticdsaZ.* Spainf.1137. 1279 
P. purpurea ^ni. m. South of Europe 

fig. 1138. 1279 
jRosmarinus officinidis L. m South of 
Europe - • fig. 1139. 1279 
iStkchys fruticuIdBa^ied. «. Caucasus 1281 
S. stenophyila Spr. m. Spain - 1281 
S. palestina L. o. Syria - - 1281 
S. lavandukefdlia Pert. »• Levant 1281 
Lavdndula Spica L. n. South of Europe 

fig. 1140. 1281 
L. latifoiia £7irA. 11. S. ofEurope 1281 
Acynos graveolens Lmk. «. Crimea 1282 
A. rotundifolia Pers. «. Spain - 1282 
Gardoqula Hookert Benth. ?a.^ South 
Carolina - - - - 1282 

We8trfngiarosmarinif6rmisjSW. flti-J New 
South Wales - - - - 1282 
iS^lvia officinalis L. n. South of Europe 

fig. 1141. 1282 
var, Leaves variegated n. 

Whole plant of a reddiah hue m. 
Leaves larger than tfaose of the 
spedes «. fig. 1142 

S. Hablitziana L. sk Siberia f. 1 143. 1283 
S. pomlfera L. «l Candia fig. 1 144; 1283 

S. critiea firuUscens pomHfera Touni. 

Audib^tux inckna Benth. «■ Colombla 

fig. 1145. 1283 

App. I. Half-hardy Hgneout or euffruticone 
Speciea qf Labidce4S. . 1283 

Lav4«wlii]a Ste^diu L. tL ^ 8. af Bnrapc. flg. II49. 

JL. doitka I^ tt. I 6|wln. Ilff. I14fi. 

Jb. plnnktm Bat. Mag. S- I Madcinu flg. 1147. 

L. Tirldls I.'ir<<H(. B. | Maddn. 

PlectrtfotfaiM flrutlc6«M L'H/rtt. tt-l_J C. O. H. flg. 1 148. 

«daitli c<ndlrwt AU. • | Msdein. 

LMnfttii Lconteiu R. Br. M _J C. 6. H. 
FIAmi* Leemimu L. 

S^hiocto camiwnnlku BnilL «-lJ ChlU. flo. 1151. 
& Lindl«7< Bcnth. ValpcnLo. 

Draooc^halnm canaarlinac Com. & 1 1 Canaarica. 

StflTia 8pl^«n> Ker 8. Amcrtca. 

8. firm6n WiUd. t^\ | B. Ameriea. 

& AUxcns CBs. S. Amcrlca. « 

& GrAhamt Benth. A lJ &• Amcrica. flg. 1151. 

8. cfaanuBdiySldai Cov. tl. l^ Mcsieo. 

A. BdrcaL. S-i^ C O. R. 

Mudnm mfejui L. & i Spain. 

Practamhtea laaitfnlbai Lab. A LJ N. 8. Walc». 

Otihcrr ■"" " 



1285 



Verbendcea:. 

• «-J •□ •!_! 

I. FTTEX L. • • lJ - 

Tbb CaAgTB Trbb. 

GaifUer, Fr. 
JCeiwdbAatMvi, Ger. 

1. il^gnus cistus i^. A Sicily f. 1 152. 1285 



- 1285 



(Memal, or true^ Chaste Tree. 
EJedgmim ThropkrasA Lob, 



inthtea laaitfnlbai Lab. 
half-haTdy Spccicc. 



The 

A'gmu cdstus ^lackw. 

Arbreau Foivre, Poiwre sammige, Fr. 

Farieiy • . - » 1286 

2lati£51ia MOL m South of Fnnce 

and Italy. 

App. i. Half-hardy S^xciet of yiUx. 1286 

r. taelnl4Mt. AuJ Chiaa. 
V.N€g*md»BSiUm- 

App. I. HaifJutrdp Flantt of tke Order 
Verbendcea. > - 1286 

* 

ClaodAndrambitane X. Br. ft CD E. Indlca. flc. lias. 
rcUcmrniM» la^ wli L. 

C. qMdodadnram PaaAm ? il lJ ? Japan. 

Dnriiita ejkam Bort. A lJ 8. America. 

Alo^sia citriod6ra Or. m ^ Chili 

fig. 1 154. 1286 

Yerbhta trmk^Oa L'H6rit. 
Lippiti dtrioaora Kunth. 



Myop6rince. • uJ i287 

Mydporam parriAllnra R. Br. A | | Nev Hnllvad. 

M. oppocitifbUttm ». Br. ft lJ Ncv HoUai^ 
M.dimaum JL Ar. i^Lj Ncv Hdland. 
M. adacAndcna JK. Ar. il l_J Ncw UoUaad. 



GlobulariAcetB, «- lJ i287 

Globul^ria iongifolia L. «.l.1 Madeira 

fig. 1155. 1287 



O. taUdna Lam. 



G. Alypum JL. «. lJ 8. of Europe 1287 
var. ' intcgrifolium «. lJ 



PlumboffindcecB. 1287 



«.lJ «l_| 

St4ticcnMnopftalaL.ll.) | 8idDi. 

S. taffhitio6M I^ flL _J Siberia. 
innmbk«ocftp6nai*nhanft.lt.Lj Capc «f tiood Hcpc 



ChenapodidcecB, 



tk «lJ jk «l «.lJ t^ ,d( 
L CHENOPO^DIUM L.mn. 

Thb Goosbpoot. 

AiAidteSp. 
Antermet Fr. 
Omim Am», Ger. 



1287 
1288 



CONTENTS. 



Clll 



Pag* 

1. frutkdsuin Schred. m England 

fig. 1156, 1157. 1288 
The ■hrnUby Gooiefoot, or Stonecrcp Tree* 
SMta/ruUcbtalj. 
T%e skrubbu Olaseiaort. 
Somde en Jrbre, Fr. 
StrmuckarHge» SabUtraut, Ger. 

2 pinrif&liiim R. et S. m. Caucasus 1889 

IWaad-lMrad Goowfrol. 

C./irffi<iMi Bltfa. PI. TBar. 

C. MJcmJMIhM» Btab. Siipp. to FI. Taw. 

M«la/«Se«M BM». C«p. 

IfcirMi wAtagJkgna PaU. 

3. hoTt^ Ji. ef S^. a. S. of Europe 1289 



AavMwfaPbnk. 
Potar. 



IL ifTRIPLEX i. * IL 1288, 1289 

TdOkacbb. 
1. ^41imus L. m Spain fi^. 1 158. 1289 

The Halimas Orache, or Tree Pwrslane. 

Hidiimm latffbUu» sHre/rutiednu Bauh. 

HdUmu» 1. Cliu. 

The broad-leaeed Sea Pwrtlam Tree. 

Arroebe, Fr. 

Stramekartige Melde^ Ger. 

& mntulacoldes L. %. Britain f. 1 159. 1290 
The Panlane-Uke, or ekrubbg, Orache, or Sea 



Clnf. % 
Hi/Am» vulgdris Ger. Bmec 
Bahmms seu PortuUea marina Bauh. 
A. mardiiHa. 
'Hdlhmusa Fortuldeamtarina^eta angus' 

tifbUaRsj. 
Tkt narrow-leamed Sea Purslane Tree. 

m DIOTIS Sckreb. m. 1288. 1290 

TSiDioTis. 

CeraiS\des Tooni. 

JPsgrisl^. 

Ceratoepermssmn Fcrs. 

1. Ceratoldes W. Jt Siberia f. 1160. 1291 

The iiBO-homed-a^vjreil Dlotis. 
Jfepris Ceratoides L. 
Caratospirmmm pappbsum Pers. 
jt^risJ)ruiicd§a,fliribmfBemtine(s landtis 

Adiifrdmlkes pappdea Fonk. 
Krasekenimtiik&n». Quildenst. 
VrikaJIMis lanceoUUa, fiemiminiskirsktis, 

CermlSHdes orientdlis ftrutiedsa elm6gni 
Jblio Toam. 
OriemtaHsdm Doppelokrt Ocr. 

App. L Half-hardif SpecUa qf Chenopodiaceee. 

1291 

L.BLi_| 
Ammnat. 



■■ vnHttlUs 3ekr.jjl^ l^J Soodi of Bonpo. 

Sanch of Eonpob 




"Polygondcecs. 



1292 



L TRAGOPY-RUM Bieb.jm -*ju 1292 
Tn GoAT Wrbat. 

Pof^fratunL. 



1. lanceolatum .SM. lu Je Siberia 

fig.ll6I. 1292 

The lasceolato-llniveef Goat Wheat. 
Tol^gonumfiruliscem Wllld. 
Strauckartiger Knolerig, Ger. 

2. duxif6lium Bieb. Jk Siberia f. 1162. 1293 
The Box-leayed Goat Wheat. 

Volfgontim erispulum mar. m Simt. 
P. caucdsicum Hoflhiansegg. 

3. polygainuin Spr. m Carolina f. 1 163. 1293 

Tho pol|HMnwM 1—111 Goac Wlioot. 
Volj/gamummoUmmumm Vcol. 
P. fOrv</8itanNuCI. 



T.. 

T. ftlotfeain 8pr. 

T. gnofdiflteun Bkb. 

U. i<TRAPHA'XIS L. m 1292. 1294 
Thb Atbapbazii. 

1. spinosa L. j> Levant fig. 1164. 1294 

The spinB-brancbed Atraphaxit. 

K*tr\pU» orientiaiStfrkteaaeuUitm^Jl^e 
pAlckro Toorn. 

2. undulita L, Jt Cape of Good Hope 1295 

Tlio woTod-lMonl Atnpluslt. 



IIL CALLFGONUM L. 



1292. 1295 



TU CAUIOOIltlH. 

PoitMa^ 



PaU. 



1. Pallasta L'H^rit A Caspian Sea 

figs.1165, 1166. 1295 

PalloA CalUgaimni. 

PferacdecM opln^DiM PaU. Vogr. 
Catltgommmi rmlwmi-^* P«U- Itin* 
PallMm td$ptemlj. 
Palld»\» PUrociccma Poll. Pl. ROM. 
CaafUehar Hadmmkmoff. 



C ooinaioiii It B^fU. 



1C96 
11196 



App. I. Haff-hardy Specie» of Volygondceee» 

1296 

Brannlehta elnbtei OOTtfo. |_ LJ Caiolina. 
MmcK Lankiia L. tt. |_J Canarlck Sr. 1167. 
MygonnmadprteQa JLBr. tt-L_| Van Dtoam^ Lond. 



LauracecB. l 1 1 uJ • • 1296 
L LAU'RUS P&n. - - 1296 

Thb Laobbl, or Baff, Tree. 

Saciafrat and Benadin, C. G. Von 

Esenbeck. 
Dapkni, Greek. 

A. Piants evergreen i kard§f. 

1. n6bilis L.m^ S. Europe pl. 215. 1297 

The noUe Laurel, or Sweet Bag. 
haurm Camer. 
L. mUgbri» Bauh. 
Laurier oo mm m n , Laurierjranc, Laurier 

^ApoUon, Laurier d MWMtf, Fr. 
Gemtehte Lorbeer, Ger. 

rorteftes ft - - 1297 

9 unduUta Mitt. m 
S salicifdlia Swt. m 

L. n. angmtifbUa Lodd. Cat 

4 variegita Swt. m 

L. n.JbL 9ar. Lodd. Cat. 

5 Utifolia MOL m 

6 crispa Lodd. Cat. m 

7 fldre plino N, du Ham. m 



CIV 



CONTENTS. 



B. Pkmis evergretn i ka^-kardjf. 

2. carolinensis Caiesb. ± North America 

fig. 1168, 1169. 1299 
The Garoliiia Laurel, or Sed Baff. 
L. BorbbmA L. $p. 
L. ajtiUdri* Lam. 
Borbdnla sp. Plum. 
V^$ea JhrbdniA Snreng. 
The broad-leaved CaroUna Bajf. 
Laurier rouge, Laurier Bourbon, Laurier 

de CaroUne, Fr. 
Caroliniscker Lorbeer, Rother Lorbeer, 

Ger. 

Varieiie» 1 - - 1 299 

2 glabra Pursh. 1 

3 pubcscens Pursh. f. 

4 obtClsa Pursh. Ji 

3. Catesbtana Michx. m Georgia - 1300 

4. aggregata Sims, m China f. 1170. 1300 

Th* Kioupcd^/lpiMrtrf Lmi«I. 

L. roB^tciu AU. 1 uJ Bladefn. . ISOl 

L. mtadiir^mMU I^m. 

P^rmafr^tent Sprens. 
L, MSnbm Lour. China • . . - ISOI 

L. lodlca L. £ I I India . 1301 

C. Leaws deeiduous. 

5. Sdssafrat L. ¥ North America 

pl. 216, 217. 1301 
The Sassafiras Laurol, or Sassqfras Tree. 

C6mus mds odordta,/olio trifido, margine 

plano, Sassqfras dicla, Pluk. 
Sassqfras arbor, em Florida, fieulneofolio, 

Bauh. 
Slusaft-as sp. C. G. Nees Von Esenbeck. 
Virsea S&ssalVas Spreng., 
Ixturier SassqPras, Fr. 
Sassqfiras Lorbeer, Ger. 

VarieHe» I - - 1301 

The red 5 

L. suhtenus Eudsmus Nutt. 
S&ssarras L. 

The white 5* 

L. e. dlbida Nutt. 

6. Benzitin L. * Virginia f. 1171. 1303 
Tbe Benzoin Laurel, or Benjamin Tree. 

Arbor virginiana citretx vel limonifoUo, 
benxoinumfundenst Comm. 

Xjairus testivtUis Wangh. 

PseHdo Benz5in Michx. 

EuSsmus Benst>in Kutt. 

Benzbin sp. C. G. Nees Von Esenbeck. 

Spice Sush, Sjrice JVood, Wild AUspiee, 
Amer. 

Laurierfaux B.^natoin, Fr. 

Benxoin Lorbeer, Ger. 

7. (^B,) Diospyrus Pert. a Virgjnia 

fig. 1172. 1304 
The DUumTnxs-Uke lAurel. 

L. EuSsmus Hionprus Nutt. 
L. diospuroides Michx. 
f L. melissn^fbUa Walter. 

8. (B.) sesdvfklis L. A Virginia 1304 

The summer Laurel, or WiUow-Uaved Bau. 
L. entrvia Mill. 
L. Eudsmus mUpMs NuU. 
Pond Bush Amer. 
Sommer Lorbecr^ Ger. 

9. genicnlkta Michx. A Virginia 

fig. 1173. 1305 
The knee-flezed-&raiicAaf Laurel. 
L. Eu6smuseeniculdta Nutt. 
L. asHvdUs Willd. 



Psgf 
App. L Half-harcfy Spedesofhauraceee.iaoS 

ClniMiii6aiiin Cdmtkawa Svt. ^ ^3 Jooo. Aff. 1174. 
The Conphor Tm«. 

lAOrus CiliM^«ra L. 

C. Timni Snrf. f LJ Ccvlon. flc. 1175. 
Laiinu CinMRHtMiiM L. 
LntfriM C^Miii Bot. M «g. 

C. CAnU O. ZkM. f GZ) CcyioB. 
Tbe «ild rinnamvn. 

LaiiriM CdMtla L. 

Ladnu Citmam&mam Bol. Rc». 

Pi<rtM C4<ma 8nr. 
Othcr IlnnwMU pUnti Deloofflng lo thls < 



Prote^ese. 



1306 



B4nki<a UtiarkU* M. Br. M\ | New Honoid. 

B. obionipfbUa Car. f | | Ntw Sooth Walcs. 

tireriUtti rosnurlnifblU Cnii. * L-J >'• Homh Walcc f. 1 176. 

O. •cnrainAU A. Br. *l_J New South Wolck f. 1177, 1179. 

H4kM aciculiiris R. Br. ^ |_J New .Soutb Wata. 

H. •uaTtolcn» R. Br. tk \ \ Srm Holtand. 

H. pn||lanl£i{nniiJX.fir. S^LJ Ncw Sooth Waicc 11«. 1179. 



T^hymeldcecB. 



- 130C 






1307 



L DA'PHNEL. •••lJ 

Thb Daphnb. 

Tksfmela(\s Toum. 

A. Leaves decidstous. 

1. Mezereum L. * N. of Eu. f. 1 180. 1307 
The Mezereon Daphne, or common Mexereon. 

Spurge OUve, Spurge Flax i Flowering 

Spurge^ Parldbnaon. 
DtoatfBau Gerard. 
LauriolefemeUe, Bok gentily M4%iireom, 

BoisJoU, Fr. . 
Gemeiner Sefdelbastj Ketterbait, G«r. 
Peperackiige Dapkne, Dutch. 
Laureolafcmina, Biondella, CameUa, Ital. 
Laureoki kembrOf Span. 

Varieties A . . 1308 

2 fiore £Ibo A 

3 autuniiiale A 

2. alt^ica Pa/L m Siberia fig. 1181. 1308 

The Altaic Daphne. 

Dapkn4 aUdique, Lauriole deTartariet Fr. 
Sibiriscker SddeUtast, Ger. 

3. alpina L, Jt Switzerland f. 1182. 1309 

The Alpine Daphne. 

Tke Alpine Ckamelea, Marsh. 
Dapknd des Aipes, Fr. 
Alpen Siedelbatt, Ger. 

B. Ereet. Leaves persistent. Flotpers lateraL 

4. Laureola L, * Britain f. 1183. 1309 

The Laureola Daphne, or Spurge Laurel. 
Dapknoldes v^rum^ va LaurMot Gesn. 
Laureola Ra^. 
Tkymeke^a LaurMa Scop. 
Tke Evergreen Dapkne. 
Lauriole mdle, LaurMe des Anglais, Fr. 
ImmergrUner Seidelbast, Crer. 

5. p6ntica L. m Asta Minor f. 1184. 1310 

The Pontic D^hne, or twin-flowered Spurge 
Laurel. 

TkymeLB^a p&ntiea dtreifoUis Toum. 
I.aurMe du Levant, Fr. 
Pontiscker Siedelbasi, Ger. 

Varieties m . .1310 

2 rubra Hort. m 

3 fdliis variegitia LoddL Cat. m 



CONTENTS. 



CV 



6. 3Tiymel«^a i. • Spain f. 1185. 1310 

The ThTmeUBa, or MilkuHtrt-like, Daphne. 
Tkgmelte^afoiiispolygaheglabrisBauh. 
T. alp)na gldbra, floscuU» sublutets ad 
JbUontm ortum sessilihus^ Pluk. 
SmuHHAHda viridis vel gldbra Bauh. Prod. 
Samamustdaeldbra Bauh. Hiit. 
Passerina TM^eUe^a Dec. 
Tke WHd Olive. 
La TkgmeUe^ Fr. 
Astloser Seideibasi, Ger. 

7. TdHon raxra L. • South of France 

fig. 1186. 1311 
Tbe Tarton-ralra, or sihery-Jcaved, Daphne. 
ThtfmeliB^a foliU candicantibus et serun 

mstar moUibtis Bauh. Pin. 
Tarton-Ratre Gallo-provincitB Monspelu 

ensimn Lob. 
Sanamiaida orgenidta laiifblia Barr. 
Passerina Tirton-Ralra Sckrad. 
Tke oval-leaved Dmhne, 
LemrMe blanehe, Fr. 
SOberbluUriger Seidelbast^ Ger. 

8. (? T.) polKgacens L, m Austria - 1311 

n^MW^ m iiSUea, Tarhm-rmirt Gotto^pnvtneim 
tkmUia, ud ptr mmmia mnj-r, M icball. 
' tHer9Hd&ut,Qmt. 



9. (? r.) tomcntdsa Lam. m Asta Minor 

1311 



Tbe 



tCoMDBphnc. 

vtObta L. 
r« eBfamcM», Lua. 



C.£M Leaves persisient. Fhtcers terminal. 

10. colRna 5'«. • S. Italy fig. 1 187. 1311 

The hni-AdkaMtnv Daphne, or NeapoUUm 
Mexereon. 
D. cottM • Bot. Bep. 
?D. huxifblia Vahl. ^ , , ^ .„ 

DapJkn^ des CoOineSy Lauriole d FeuiUes 

de Sant^, Fr. 
Slwmfifblattriger Seidelbast^ Ger. 

11. (c.) neapolitana Lodd, » S. of Italy 

fig. 1188. 1312 

The KeapoHtan Daphne. 

D. coUina fi neapoUtdna Lindl. 

J2. (c.) oleoldes jL. • Crete f. 1189. 1312 

The Olive-like Daphne- 

Ckamuedapknd^des critica Alpin. I 
TJ^nur^r^a critiea olea folio utriusque 

giabro Tourn. 
Itapkne saUcifoUa Lam. 
Ltnirfole d FeuiUes d^OUvier, Fr. 
OelbttumbCittriger SeideUMSl, Ger. 



13. (c.)serlcca Vahl. m. Candia - 1312 

'Daphne. _ 

I erMca eleteJUio »abtu$ viOoto Toim. 
MaLam. 
SeUdbmttfQer. 



tte'iflkT4em£ Daphne 



JJ^kmtoUtffMaLm. 
StklimmrHgtr 



14. striata Trat. m Switzerland - 1313 

Thc miatmi-emljfxti Daptane. 

D. Ereet. Leaves persislent. FUnoers in Saeentes. 

15. Gnfdium L. m Spain f. 1190. 1313 

Thc Gnidlum, or FUu-ieaved, Daphne. 
Tkpmelr^aJlpUis Uni Bauh. 
Spurge FUu, Mountain Widow Wayle. 
DMni Gnidium, Lauriole d Pantcule, 

JUtpenUattHger Seidelbast, Ger. 



Pac« 
E. Prostrate. Lcaves persistent. Fhteers terminal, 

aggregate. 

16. Cnedrura L. u Switzcrland 

fig. 1191. 1313 

The Garland-flower, or iraiUng^ Daphne. 
Cnedrttm Matth. 
Wohlriechender Seittclbast, Ger. 

FarieiieaU - - - 1313 

2 foliis variegdtis t^ 

3 flore ilbo SU 



App. i. Half-hardy Species of Ddphne. 1314 

D. od6rm Thmmb. m\ | Chtna. 

P. timimtlt LuD. 

Thi t m tt l t etmttd Dmpknt. 

LmmrMt it CMmt, Dophm^ aiorami, Yr. 

WoUritdumdtr Stidt&att, U«r. 

Var. % ▼uicR^tt Loid. Cat. m \_Ji 
3 ttibra !>. Don. m \ | fig. 1198. 

D. hvbrida 5«;^. S i_J Hybrid f. 1193. 

D. de^hlnia of Fr. Gardcni. 
D. dauphbui of Eng. Gardens. 

D. indiea L. m |_J Indte. 
D. paujrkcec Wal. m |_J Kepal. 
D. eaiatdbima Wal. 

II. DmCA L.Sk . - 1307. 1314 

Thb DiacA, or Leather-u>ood. 
TkifmeUB^a Gron. 

1. pal68trisl.. a Virginia f. 1194. 1314 

The Marsh Dlrca. 
Moortpood. 

Bois de Cuir, Bois de Plomb, Fr. 
Sttmff Lcderholx, Ger. 

App. I. Halfhardy Ugneou» Plant» hehnging 
to the Order Thymeldcete. - 1315 

aoiiihim\xkktmI..V-\J CapeofGoadHop» 
O. dtnudata Bot. Reg. 

FlUMilnafiUfifnnbJ:^B.| i C«pe of Oood Hopc. 

Plmelte dropkoca Lmb. tt. l_J Nev Uolljaid. 



Santalacese. 3E 



1315 



I. NY^SS^ L. !fc - - 1315, 1316 

Thb Nyssa, or Tttpelo Tree. 

1. biflora Michx. 5J Virginia 

pl.218. fig. 1195, 1196. 1317 , 
Thc twin-flowerod Nyssa. 
N. aqudtiea L. sp. 
N. caroUnidna L. 
K. integrifiUa h\t. 
N. peduncuUs unifl4ris Gron. 
MoiaUain Tupelo Mart. 
Oum Tree, Sour Gum Tree, Peperidge, 
Axaer. 

2. (b.) vill6sa Michx. 3? North America 

fig. 1197, 1198. 1317 

The iMiry-Uraved Nyssa. 
N. sylvdtiea Michx. 
N. muUifldra Wangh. 
N. montdna Hort. 
N. pedunctdis multifldris Gron. 
Sour Gvan Tree, Black Gum, YeUoto Gum, 

Amer. 
Haariger Tttlpelobaum, Ger. 

m 



CVl 



CONTENTS. 



3. dLodicani Michof. 2 CaroUna 

fig. 1199. 1318 

The whUUh-JffOMtf Nywa, or Ogeekee Lime 
Tree. 

N. eapUdta Walt. 

U. eoednea Bartr. 

Sour Tupelo Tree, WOd Lwie. 

Wei$aieker,Tulpelobamm^ Ger. 

4. mndidentiU Jdiehx. $ North America 

fig. ISOO, 1201. 1319 

jjr. fffmmfrr- uid /#. aiv«ilsaiM Micla. 

JV. jMfKvlMa Alt. 

jr. onniAM Polr. 

jr.MM4f«,Waii«h. 

iriW Oliw, AiiMr. 

rbvteim rkiftla, MMt. 



II. OSTRISX. 

Tjib Onru» or Fodtt Catdm. 



1. AlbaX. 



Italy - 

cT^HUUMirSmMaeMM Lafl. 

O. A«A«MM' teoeC^rR Baoh. 
CMa ■MNea JToMprfi^iiM Ca» 
CA«ia XaNwlnaii Xtp._ 
CMa JrMapMH «Uota QeB. 
IF«iM« 0^yfi«> Ucr. 



. 1316. 1320 



fig. 1202. 1320 



"EUBcyndcea. s • •!-} 1320 

I .BLJEA^GNUS Toum. 1 • • lJ 

1320, 1321 

The ELJtAGNUs, Oleatter, or Wild OUve Tree. 
ChaJ^, Fr. 
WiUe Oelbaum, Ger. 

1. hort^nsis Bieb, * South of Europe 

pl.219. fig. 1203. 1321. 

The Garden ElBacnas. 
B. angtut(fbaa L. 
E. ir»6rmis Mill. 
E. argintew Mcencb. 
E. oinentdli» Delitle. 
? E. argintea Wats. 
Jeru9Mem WiOow. 
OUvierdeBohhne, Chal^d FeuiUee itroitet, 

Fr. 
SchmalbidttHger OUa$ter, Ger. 

Vdrieties 1t - - - 1322 

1 angustifolia BiA, S 

B. an^uttifiUia L. 

2 dactyliformu ¥ 

3 orientalis 3!! 

E. orientdUt L. 

4 spinosa H. 

E. tpindta L. 

2. arg^ntea PA. • Hudson*s Bay 

fig. 1204. 1323 
The silTer^avAf ElKuntu. 

MiMiouri Silver Tree^ CJ. S. of N. Amer. 

» 

App. i. Half-hardy Speeiea of'E,l(B&gnu$. 1324 

X. conCirta JC4»fr. • l_l Ncpal. 
• D 



II. OTPPOTHAE L. 5 • 1321. 1324 

Tbk Hippophab, Sea Buektkom, ar Satkm- 
tkom. 

Ekamnoidet Tonm. 
Argouttier, Fr. 
Hi^fSom, Sanddom, Ger. 
Etpmo amariUo, 8p«n. 

1. Rhamnoides X. 2 • Europe 

pl. 220. fig. 1206. 1324 

The Buckthom-4ike Hippophae^ 

Rkamnbldetflorifera tdUdtJblio, Toum. 
Rkamnioidetjtuc^era Ray. 
Argouttierfaui Nerprun, Fr. 
WeidenkdUriger Sanddom^ Ger. 
./frv«, &f«fe l^pi^MMJr, Alp* of SwlUer- 
UumL 



Varieties 5 • 

2 angustifolia !fE A 

3 siblrlca ¥ A 

H. n^lfyca Lodd. CaL 



. 1325 



2. »lici£9lia D. Don, S • Nepal 

fig. 1207. 132G 

_ ipophi 

H. cof^fhrUt Wall 



Tbe WQlow.leaved^Hlppophae. 



III. SHEPHEltD/^ Nutt. I • 

1321. 1327 

THS SBBPHnDIA. 

'Hipp&pkaeT,. 

1. argentea Nutt, • 5 North America 

fig. 1208. 1327 

The tSlffaj-leaved Shepherdia. 
^tppApkae argintea Purah. 
Matouri SiUrer Lettf, BMifffhio Berrj/ TVar, 

Amer. 
Babtrit Berry, Beef Suet Trce, Amerfcan 

Indians. 
Graitte de B^ffie, Bt^o Fat, Frencb 
Traders. 

2. canadensis Nuit, • North America 

fig. 1209. 1327 

The Canadian Shepherdia. 

H^tpdpkM eanadintit L. 



Jl.lMlfbUaL. -— ^ 

S.«aU«IIMta?D. I>M. A^ flff.iaO». 



AristolochidcecB, J i.i-J *-i-J 1328 

1. ^RISTOLO CHIA L. ^ i.i-1 »^U 

1328 

Tbb Bibthwobt. 

Arittolocke, Fr. 
Otterluzey, Ger. 

1. sipho I,'flm<. J N. Am. f. 1210. 1329 

The Siphon-liAf, or Tube-JUnoered^ Birtfawort. 
A. macropkliUa Lam. 
Arittolocke Sypkon, Fr. 
GrottbUiUrige OtterUaey, Ger. 
Pipe Vine, or Birtkurort, Amer. 

2. tomentosa Shru, A North America 



The Comentoee Blrthwort. 



fig. 1211. 1329 



App. i. Haif-hardy Sjpeeiet of AriHol6ehia, 

1329 

A. 9mn v t n\i tm L. fc^L-J CukUa. * 

A. gladea Detf. i uJ Baiharj. 

A. attfsdma DetTT 

A. candku Om/. 

A. trlloMita wUu. Sooth Anwrlca. 



CONTENTS. 



CVll 



p«g« 

YAtpharbiicead. 1330 

1 A <i mi_j tt. tt._j 

I. EVPHG^RBIA L. •lJ«.«.«J 1331 

Thb EuniouiA, or Sjntrge, 
Titkumaltu Toarn. 
SufMorhe^ Fr. 
WoffimOekj Ger. 

£. Charicias I/. «. Britain f. 1212. 1331 

^,aUppkaUmt. 

E. spindfla Xf. & ^ South of Europe 

fig. 1213. 1331 

App. L Hdlf-hardy 8peeie9 ofEuphMvn, 1 332 

L.n. Italy. 



M. 
M. 



Mg- ItM. 



U. STILLVSQIA Garden • 1330. 1332 

Tu SnujNau. 
1. fifftistnna Willd. « Carolina - 1332 

1%e PriTet-leovrri StHlingia. 

lU. i?U'XUS Toum. ft 1 tt. 1330. 1332 
TuBozTasB. 
Suit, Fr. 



1. semperyirens L. m t Europe 1333 

Tba 0vergTeai, or cpnnnoit* Box TVee. 
Bfeintf Ray, «nd oCher anthon. 
Bmit coiwuiiwi , A»i« 6^/, Fr. 
Bmekibamm^ Ger. 
AuM» Bo99olo, Mortel, Ital. 

VarietitM and SubvarieHeM 1 
m n. - - - 1S33 
1 arbor£scens MIL DicL 1 

1 arg^tea Hort. £ 

2 ai^ea HorL 1 

S marginata ITorC. 2 
8 angustifdUa ITta. I>td. S 
1 Tarieg&ta ITor/. 1 

3 nifl^tieosa MUL IHei.n.ll215 

B. MnuUtDod. 

B. «. iMbia N. Du Ham. 

Bmi$ nain, Bni* d Bordura. Sms 

dPArtoit, Buis de HoOande, TetU 

Bmis.FT. 
Ztoerek Aidk«6a«m, Ger. 

4 mjrtifolia Lam, m 

2. baledrica WUld. t Minorca 

fig. 1220, 1221. 1341 

The Balearic Box. 

B. «. 9ar.g^gaiUia N. Dn Ham. 

MmorcaBo*. 

Bmi$ de Minonme, Buis de MaMoUt Fr. 

Bateariseher Atehtbaumt Ger. 

App. L Half-hardy SpeeieMofB<LXUM. 1S41 

aAMnriiJUfc.ftL_J cbliiiu 



IJrticdcecB. Y 1 1 a 1 • 



PlR* 

1342 



App. I. Half-hardy Spedee heitmging to the 
Order EtcjjiW&iaceae. - 1341 

g<|»j | ii ij> iiii *y*cto» f^' * lJ NcvZcalHid. 
^^ ilmniHito Mtt. Mag. H lJ CapcorG«od Hopt. 



I. ikfORUS Tottm. 3J i i a • 

1342, 1343 
Thb Mulbbbry Tbbb. 
MArier, Fr. 
Maulbeeret Ger. 

1. nigra Ptnr. ¥ Persia 

pl. 221, 222. fig. 1222. 1343 

The black-/rtifYAf, or eommon, Malberry. 
Mdriw Dod. 
'M.JHu^tu n\gro Bauh. 

Variety - > -1344 

2 laciniaU MUL Dict. S 

2. &lba L. "t China pl. 223, 224. 1348 

The irYAX».fruited MulbeiTf Tretf. 
M. eofMr*eaDod. 
M.>iirt«<f^Bauh. 

M. alba friictu mmAri dibo tnsiUso Da 
Ham. 

Vartetiee t m - - 1348 

8 multidlulis Perrotiet. t • 

M. tatdricajyest.^ notof L. or Pall. 

M. buUdta Balblf. 

M. cucuUdta Hort. 

Chinese biaci Mmibern/, Amer. 

Perrottet Muiberrg, Manif-ttalked 

Mmlberrjf. 
Miirier Perrottet, Fr. 
Miarier d 7Xfr<» nombreutes, Mtf> 

rier det Pkilippinet,.Aan. dea 

Sci. 
Moro deOe Pilippine, Ital. 

S Morrettiaim Hort. S 
Dandolo*t Muiberrp. 

4 macroph^lla /.odei Corf. !fc 

M. a. fatifdUa Hort. 
M. kitpdnica Hort. 
MHrier d^Etpagne, PeuSOe ^Et- 
pogne, Fr. 

5 romana Lodd. Cat, S 

M. a. ovaltfdlia. 
Mmrier romaiUy Fr. 

6 nenrdsa Lodd. Cat. !^ 

M. nervdsa Bon. Jard. 
M, ni6<tt&a nervbsa Hort. 

Subvariety. £ 
2 longifdlia ^o». Janii S 

7 itilica Hort. 2 

M. i^fica Lodd. Catt 

Suboarietif. ^ 
2 ri^bra £ 

M. rftira Lodd. Cat 

8 rdsea Hort. 2 

M^rier rose, PeuiUe rose^ Fr. 

9 columb^ssa Lodd. Cai., % 

Columba, Fr. 

10 membnuiaoea Lodd. Cat. S 

MArier d Peuiltes de Parckem^t, 
Fr. 

11 sin^nsis Hort. % 

M. sininsis Hort. 
M. okininsis Lodd. Cat. 
2^ Ckinete tekite Mulberrif, 
Amer. 

12 piimila Noie. A 

M. a. iMfna Hort. Brit 



Otker VarieHet 

WUd Mulberries. 
LnPcalltoTCW. 

WS. <i. 8 Mmc 
UPmlUcdorte. 
M.a.Me<4aHart. 
M. lAcW* Hort. 

m 2 



. 1850 



CVlll 



CONTENTS, 



Pag« 
L« RctaM bAtard». 

? P^fUm namlm, Ital. 
LaFcacOe. 

Grttfted Muibcrries. 
LalUioc. 
JLasTOiie Rcinr. 

M. a. mmenpkjMa mtbvar. 
La Faiillc d'Emffnc. 

M. a. 4 wiacrvpkilUa, 
La FeulUc de Aod. 

t raglia dofplat Ital. 

5. (a.) constantiiiopolitana Potr. !E Turkey 

1358 

Thc ConstanUnople MalbaTy Ticc. 
M. bsMantina tiUb. 

4. (a^ tatiirica PaL ^ "^nks of the 

Volga - - fig. 1225. 1358 
The Tartarlan Mulberry Tree. 

5. rubra L, It N. America pl. 225. 1359 

The red-/rw'ted Mulberry Tree. 
M. virginica Pluk. 
M. penntifivdnica Noi«. 

? Vanety X - * - - 1360 
canad^nsis Lam. It 

6. (r.) scabra Willd, It N. America 1360 
The Tough-leaoed Mulberry Tree. 

M. canaddnsis Poir. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of M.drKS. 1360 

M. f ndiea L. f O East Indles. 

M. maoritUlna Jaeq. $ > 1 Madaeaicar. 

jr. latifblU iri2/if. IdeorBoiirbon. 

M.mumkliM Wittd. lalc of BouTboii. 

JT . cdUdlAlta rAmi. QuUo. 

JV. eorrlifoUa Tkunb. (KUto. 

JT. eklcar-g&lli Cum. New South Wale». 

Jf. atropurpjuva. Nepal. 

tf. punrtf6aa. Ncpal. 

Jf. wrrkta. Nepal. 

M. MeltrvAMla. 
M. iKTixkta ▼frldb. Ncpal. 
Jf. iciinaens. Ncpal. 

II. BROUSSONE^T/^ Vent. 1342.1361 

The Bboussonetia. 

Mdrus Siba, Ktvmpf. 
Tap^rus Encyc. Bot. 

1. papyrifera Fent. 1t Chinapl. 226. 1361 

The paper.bearing BrousBonetla, or Paper Mtd- 
lerry. 

mdrus papyrifera L. 

Varieiy ¥ - - . 1361 
2 cuculUta 2 

B. cueuUdta Bon Jard. 
B. spatuldta Hort. Brit. 
S. naviculdris Lodd. Cat. 

III. MACLU^Rii Nutt. 1 1342. 1362 

Thb Macluba. 

T6xyUm Rafinetque. 

I. aurantiaca Nutt, 1 North America 

fig. 1226, 1227, 1228. 1362 
The orange-like</r«/tftf Maclura, or Osage 
Oratuee. 

Sow-^ood^ YeUotp-woodt N. Amer. 

IV. i?TCUS Toum. t 1343. 1365 
Thb FiG Tbbb. 

Fifpuier^ Fr. 
Feigenbaum, Ger. 

1. C&rica L. !t S. Europe pl. 227. 1365 

The common Fig Tree. 
F. commiinis Bauh. 
F. Mtmilis and F. sulvistris Toum. 
Figuier commun, Fr. 
Qemeine Feigenbaumy Ger. 

Farieties - - 1366 

Garden farietiet. 



V. BO RY.I W. 1 * . 1343. 1370 

Thb Bobta. 

Adilia Michx. 
B^eUniSi Sm. 

1. ^ustrina WUld. S N. America 1370 

The Privet-like Borya. 

AdiUa ligAstrina Michx. 
IK^^tria ligAstrina Sm. 

2. (? /.) acuminata WUld. • Carolina 

fig. 1229. 1371 
The acuminate-Ziravaf Borya. 
AdiUa acumindta Michx. 
B^eldvlM. aeumindta Sm. 

3. (/.) porulosa WUld. a Georgia. 1371 

Tbe pore-Uke-dotted-leaved Bqyra. 
Aditia ooruidsa Michx. 
Bigeldm^ poruldsa Sm. 
? BigelhiAsi ovdta Lodd. Cat. 

4. distichophylla 2^uU. A £. TennesBee 1371 

Tbc two.4Rrwed-leavcd Boi^b. 



IJ ImdcecB. 1t 1€D ^ - 1371 
I. ^LMUS i. I - - 1371. 1373 

Thb £lm. 

OrmCi Fr. 

L7m, or JlUster, Ger. 

Olmo, Ital. 

1. camp^stris L.^St Britain pl. 228, 229 

fi.2. 1232. 1238,1239. 1374 
The EnglisM, &e\d,orcommonsmall-lea9ed^ Elm . 
U. Atinia Pllny. 
U. m\nor,fiUo ang&sto scdbro, Gcr. Eroac. 

Farietiet 2J - - - 1375 
A. Timber Trees. 

1 vulgaris ¥ 

U. campdstris Hort. Dur. 

2 latifolia ^or/. S 

3 61ba MasUrs. 1 

4 acutifolia ikTaaifera. $ 

5 stticta Hart. Dur. 1 pl. 230. 

Red EngUsk Ebn. 

6 virens Hort. ¥ 

Kidbrook Elm. 

7 oornubi^nsis ^orf. !^ 
The Comish Elm. 

U. stricta Lindl. 

Subvarieties. $ 
2 panrifolia I,tmi7. 3f 

U. s. micrmh^Ua Lodd. Cat. 
ispera I.odtf. Co/. 
crispa Irodtf. Cat. 

8 samiensis £ 
The Jersey Elm. 

U. samiinsis Lodd. Cat. 

9 tortuosa !!if 
Thc twisted Ehn. 

U. tortubsa Lodd. Cat. 
? Orme tortiOord, Fr. 

B. Omamentalf or curious^ Tfees. 

10 foliis yariegatis Lodd. Cat. *t 

11 &etulacfdlia ¥ 

U. betuL^dUa Lodd. Cat. 

12 viminalis !t pL 231. 

U. vimindlis Lodd. Cat. 



CONTENTS. 



CIX 



p^ 



) 



13 pvnrifoUs 1t tg. 12S0. 
U. parwiftiia Jacq. 
U. micropkyOa Pers. 
V.jadmUa var. $ {trantbdicaUmis 

U. pkmHa WiUd. 
U. p.jatiit p&rvit, SfC, Plttk. 
U. Mitmilit Enum. 
H planifolia ^ p1. 232. 
U. planifbWa Hort. 

15 chinensis 1t fig. 1231. 

U. ehindntit Pen. 
TA^ <fo TifAM Ga/&iii, Orme nain, 
Fr. 

16 cuculUu Hort, ¥ 

17 concavief&lia JTbr^ £ 

18 foliis aureis ^or^ 1t 

Otker Varietift. 
n. e. niiia Lodd. Cat. 
C7. c. fbUia maculfitif £odtf. Ca/. 
r. dObla Lodd. Cat. 
U. wiad^aa. Lodd. Cat. 

Freneh Farietiet - 1378 

LYlnM k FcaDlcft Unmct rada. 
LthnM TcU, l-Orme TUIcnI, fOrnw dc H^riland». 

ra« BrjTM, w JUm* rrw, «m. 
LtkmOle» IThme noin. 

The ivMtrf Blm. 
LXkxam k F«uillci»Uacs et glabnt. 

J%e ikinimg smaatiMtnved Rtm. 
Le jMdt Orme h Feninea panacfato dc Uanc. 
Lt)nnc a FeulUa IImcs pcnacMci de blaac. 

The Mmhig sittMry-imved Rlm, 
Lt pedt Onne k Fcttillc» iMnach^ d« janiM. 

Tae imtttfgotdeH-4«avtd Slm. 
L^Omw a petttcc Fcamci, l-Ormc mile, l^Orme 
pyTamiaal. 

nke Hmmll laavid Wm. 
L^Ome k trtoHtranda PcalUet, 1*0»« Amelle, 
rUrm* dcTriandb. 

Tar large-teared Rlm. 
L'Oraae «le Uottande k grandct FeuUles panadito. 

Ttte variegalad DmUh Btm. 
L'Onne tortlUard. 

V. tartmAta Lodd. Cat. 

T1k« hvMfd £/«1. 

?. (c.) suberosa Mctnch^ ^ England 

pl. 233. fig. 1240. 1395 
Hie taiAi-harked Elm . 

U. campittrit Woods. 

U. eaauifstrit and TheophrdtA Du Ham. 

U. vulgatiititna fdlio Idto tcdbra Ger. 

Emac. 
U. monidna Cam. 
Common Elm Tree^ Hunt Bvel. 
VOrme Liige, rOrme-fungewr, Fr. 

VarieHe» 5 - - 1395 

1 Yulgaris ¥ 

Tbe DfUek cxirk-barked Elm. 
U. tnherdta Hort. Dur. 

2 loliis variegatis Lodd. CaL t 

U. tnberdta wuieguia Hort. Dur. 
Silba !it 

U. raftCT^dM oOm Mastera. 

4 er^ta I,<M2e/. Cat. 1t 

5 var. S 

The broad-leaved Hertfbrdahlre Elm, 
Wood. 

6 Ysr. S 

The narrov-lesved Hertfordihlre Elm, 
IVood. 

3. (c.) major jS^. t England 

pl. 234, 235. % 1241. 1395 
The gre«t«r, or Dutek cork.barked, Elm. 
U. koU6ndiea MUl. 
U. mdlor hoUdndiea, ke., Pluk. 
U. mdjor^ amplidrejiUiOt ^c, Du Ham. 
TUiamdtM^tb. 
U. lat/Jbtia Mlchx. 

4. rarpinifoiia Xifid/. 1f England - 139^' 

Tkc H«nBlMB«4«aT«d BUn. 



5. eflfusa WiHd, « England ''**' 

pl. 236, 237. fig. 1242. 1397 
The spreading-^rancMrd Elm. 
U. ciiiata Ehrh. 
U. peduncnlhta Lam. 
U. ocldndra Schk. ^ 
V.fdlio latittimoy kc, Buxb. 
U. Ue^it Pall. 
I.' Orme pidonculi, Fr. 

* 

6. mont&na Bauh. £ England 

fig. 1243, 1244. 1398 
The mountaio, Scotek, or H>db, Elm. 
U. glkkra Huds. 
U. <^a Sibth. 
U. tckbra MUl. 
U. adcto Ehrh. 
U. campittre WUld. 
IfycA Haxel of old authors. 



Varietiet *t 



- 1398 



T 



A. Timber Treet. 

1 vulgflris 1 

2 rugosa Mcutert. 1t 
U. ri<i;dfa Lodd. Cat. 

3 major Mattert. t pl. 238. 

4 minor Mastert. 1t 

5 cebenn^nsis i/orl. !if 
The Cevennes Elm. 

6 nigra ¥ 
The black Iritk Blm. 

U. n}^a Lodd. Cat. 

7 australis ifor^ 5f 

B. Omamenial or euriout Varietiet. 

8 p^ndula !if pl. 239. 
U.p^iMfu/aLodd. Cat. 
U. gldbra decdmbens Hort. Dur. 
U. horixonidlit Hort. 
U. rW»ro Hort. Soc. Gard. 

9 fastigiata Hort. ¥ p1. 240. 
U. gldbra repUedta Hort Dur. 
U.^drrfU/fort. 
U. exoniintit Hort. 

10 crispa £ 

The curled-Z^otwirf Elm. 
? U. crijrpa Willd. 

Other Varieties. 
m.) glibra MUl. » Eng^ f. 1245. 1403 

"he smooth-fravffif, or FfycA, Elm. 
U. monldna /3 Fl. Br. 
V.fdliogUtbro Ger. Emac. 
U. eampMris var. 8. With. 
Thefeaihered Elm. 

Varietiet ^ - - 1404 

A. Timber Treet. 

1 vulgaris ¥ 
The common tmootk-Ieaved Elm. 

2 vegeta £ 

U. monMna ve^ta Hort Soc.Gord. 

U. am<n'cdna Masters. 

TAc Ilun/ingdon £Im, tke Chi' 
chester EUn, the Ameriean Eim, 
f tke Scatnptton Elm. 

3 var. !fc 
Thc Scampston Elm. 

4 major !U 
U. giiibra mijor Hort. Dur. 
TAc Ca»tfcr6ttfy Seediing. 

5 glanduldsa Lindl. t 

6 latifolia Lindl. 1t 

7 microphylla H. S. !t 
V U.ff. parvifblia Hort. Soc. Gurd. 



cx 



COMTENTS. 



B. Omamentai or emriom Trees. 

8 p^nduU It 

U eampfsirit phtdida Hort. Dur. 
Tke Doumttm Ehmr. 

9 Tariegata JI, & *£. 
10 ramulosa Booth. 1 

8. 61ba Kit, 5 Hungary - - 1405 

Tba «hitkli-lM«Mi Klm. 

9. americana L, ¥ North America 

pl. 241. fig. 1246. 1406 

The American Elm. 

Tke tDhite Elm, Amer. 

Canadian Elm^ American wkite Elm. 

Varietie» 1t - - 1406 

1 riibra AU. 1 

2 &lba AU, "t 

U. moUifbUa Roem. et Scbult. 

3 p^ndula Pursh, '5t 

4 indsa J7. S. t pl. 242. 

10. (a.) fdlva Michx, * North America 

fig. 1247. 1407 

The tKwny-buddedt or tUpperyt Elm. 
U. ALbra Mlchx. 

Orme gras^ Fr. _, 

Bed Elm, Red-toooded Elm, Moote Elm. 

11. alata Mtchx. 5! Virginiaf.1248. 1408 

The Wakoo, or cork-toingedf Elm. 
U. pimila Walt. 
JVakoo, Indiani of N. Ameriea. 

App. i. Douhtful Sorts of V'lmu$, - 1409 

PwpuMicwii WmU. 

U. frutic6M WUU. 

V. Intesrl^Ua. Himiilayas. 

V. vlmta. HlmakVM. 

U.laneMa»lUf/U. HimaUjat. 

r. crtw Rdsff'* Himali^m. 



U. laeTigkta ttevU, HimalayM. 
17. Tlxi^u Jliiiyfa. Himalagra». 



II. PLA'NERi4 GmeL * 1372.1409 

TBB PLANSaA. 

fUkdmnus Fall., Guldenst. 
U'lmttt, Tarioui auChwi, as to F16- 
nera Rich&rdil 

1. Rich&rds Miehx. $ West of Asia 

pl. 243, 244. fig. 1249, 1250. 1409 
Richard'1 Flanera, or Zelkoua Tree. 
P. crendta Michx., Desf. 
P. carpinifblia Wats. 
Bkammu carpin^lius Fall. 
Hkdmnus vJmoldes GUIdenat. 
Vlmus crenikia Hort. Far. 
Wlmus parvifblia Willd. 
Vbnus canmdstriM Walt. 
VUnus polsgama Richard. 
Vbmu nemordlis Alt. 
[3'lmusSbUis crenitis bdtitequdtibusfiiiciu 

owAdeo^ non compr^sso, Foir. 
Le Zelkoua, Orme de Sib^ie, Fr. 
Eickard^s Planere, Ger. 

2. Gmelini Michx. 1E N.Am. f. 1251. 1413 

Gmelin'1 Flanera. 

P. vJmifoUa Mlehx. 

P. aquatica Willd. 

Anontfmus aguaticus arbor, ^c, Walt. 

? P. AlMUeca SduJte» Crafe. • 1415 

riW.4MfcMorChiaias. 

III. OT^LTIS Tovm, 5J 1 • 

Tm CsLTit, or Netile Tree. 1372. 1413 
"Ldtus of Lobel and other authors. 
Mico^ouUeTt Fr. 
ZUngelbaum, Ger. 



1. aiLstrklis L, t S. Eiirope f. 1252. 1414 

The aouthem Celtlt, or European Netlie Trec. 
IMus drbor Lob. 
1.6tm sive Ciltis Cam. 
Loie Tree. 

MiooeouUer aasiraL, MieoeomUer de Pro- 
oencet FtAreeoulier^ Fambregmier des 
Prooencaue, N. Du Ham. 
i:,ol«,ItaI. 

rariety $ - - 1414 

Wich yariegated leaves, Bratero. t 

2. (a.) cauc&sica IVilld. S Caucasus 1415 

Ttaa CaacaaiaB CdtJa. 

3. Toumei&rt» Lam. f • Armeiua 

pl.245. 1416 

Toumefort*! Celtis. 

C. orientiUs mimor, fbUis mimdribm et 

crasMiAribusfriuiufAvo. Toum. 
C. orientdUs Mill., not of L. 
MiooeouUer dm Levaatt Mieoeamlier 4tO- 

rient,FT. 
Morgenlandiscker ZSngeAamm, Ger. 

4. (T.) sin^nsis Pers, 1 m China 1416 

The China Celtis. 

5. Willdenovtana Scfaultes. ¥ China 1416 

WHldenow^a Mrta. 

C. rin^ui» WlUd. 

6. occidentalis L, S North America 

pl. 246, 247. 1417 
The Wettem CeltiA, or Nortk Americass KtUie 
Tree. 

Cfructu obscuro pmrpmratcesUet Town. 

C. obRqua Moench. 

N^le Trecy Sugar Berrpt Amn. 

Bois inconnut lUinoia. 

Mieoeoulier de Firghsie, Fr. 

Farieties S - - 1417 

2 cordaU WiUd. S 
S scabriiiacula WHUL £ 

C. amttrdUs Willd. 

C. ? 0. /9 tenmHhUa Pen. 

C. depera Lodd. Cat. 

C. orientdUs Hort. 

7. crassifolia JLam. 1 N.Am. f. 1254. 1418 

The thick-leaTed Celtla, or Hackberrw. 
C. cordifdUa L'HMt. 
C. cordata Detfont. 
Hagberry, Hoop Ask^ Amer. 
MicocouUer d FemHies en Gmir, Fr. 

8. lievigjlta WUld. A Louisiana - 1420 

Tha glahwiM Imvt i Cdda. 



r. alpina RaUt. Himal^jraa. 
C. IniilMi Royte. HimdaTi 



9. piimila Ph, A Sfaryland 

ThedvaifCeltia. 



- 1420 



App. i. Speciet of CiUie half-hardyt or mot 
yet introduced, - - 1420 

C. oiicntWB L.JZI^ Himalayaa fif . 1S5S 
C. tatrtbfidn Ramb. Himalajaa. 



«Taa. 



JufflanddeecB. S - 1420 



L JITGLANS L. T 

The Walnut Trbs. 
Noyer^ Fr. 
JValnms, Ger. 



1420, 1421 



CONTENTS. 



CXl 



Pag« 

]. thffSL L. ¥ Persia 

pl. 248, 249, 250. fig. 257. 1423 
Tbe lOTal, or eammou^ Walnot Tree. 
Nux Jigims Dod. 

Nir J^lanty $eu r^ia vu^drit, Bauh. 
ifojfcr cowtMim» Fr. 
AV«3pii&r, Provence. 
Gemietae Waimmu, Ger. 

rorMfte» !i^ - . 1423 

N6x Jiiglam fiructu mdxttno^ 

Baoh. 
JVMr dle Ja«i|f f . Bon Jard. 
Btumttt, Warwickihlre. 

S teneni 3! 

The »km-tkeliedt 0r<t)(mo«je,Walnut. 
Att» JUglatuJhieta Uttero etfirdgile 

jnOamine Bauh. 
A«yrr d Coque 'tendre^ Voyer Mi- 

sange, Bon Jard. 
Noper de Mart^ in Dauphin. 
i serotina Desf. it 
The lute-vegetating Walnut. 

NILe J^glantfmeto terdtino Bauh. 
Nouer tardif^ Nogter de la Saint 

Jean, Bon JFard. 
Nofer de Maij In Danphin^. 
5 laeiiiiata ^ 
The Fem-ieaved Walnut. 

N^ Jhglant /httiM laciniiktit Re- 

neaulm. 
Jiutlant keteropkpUa Hort. 
jTtitiei/biia Lodd. Cat. 
OtAer Varietiet. 
The Highflier. 

Tbe Yorkshire Wdnut. 

S. D^ra X. 2 North Aroerica 

pl. 251, 252. fig. 1260. 1435 
ThB bladL trooded Walnut Tree. 

The biaek- Wahtut, the blaek Hickory Nut, 

K. America. 
Nojfer noir, Fr. 

3. dnerea L. 2 N. Am. p. 253. f. 1262. 

1439 
The gt^~bramched Walnot Tree, or Butter-nut, 
J. eatkdrtuM N. Amer. Srlr. 
J. obldnga Mfll. 
Oa^nta, Wkite Wabtuty Amer. 
Noger oe m drit Fr. 
Groiir Waintutt Ger. 

tt CATIYA iVi(«. * . 1421. 1441 

TiB Cabta, or Hiekorff Tree. 
J^Iatu tp. L. 
Hkdbrlvm Bqfinetque. 
Hickorjft Amo-. 

1. oliTaeformis Kuti. t North America 

fig. 1263. 1441 

TheoUTe-ahaped Cayra, or Pacane^ut Hifkory. 
Jkglatu rtAra Gsrtn. 
Jiilamt qfUmdrica Lam. 
. JbgUuu Pdcan MUkienb. 
Jkglatu angtut^blia Ait. • 
Jigiam» oUM^^rmit Michx. 
P eea m mrf , J7Imo/« 2^trf, Amer. 
Pieamier, Pacanutt Noyer Ptcanier» Fr. 

2. amara NiOt. S N. Amer. f. 1264. 1443 

The faitter-««l Carya. 

J%lcM» amdra Michx. 

UWkHeHickorytSwampHickorpt 



3. aqaatica Nutt. .Y North Amcrica 

fig. 1265. 1266. 1444 
The aouaCic CuTa, or Water Bitler.nul Hickoru. 
JigUuitaquStieaMkhx. 



4. tomentosa Nuti. % N.Am. £1267.1444 

The tomentoae Car^ or Moeker-nut Hickory. 
Jrigtant dlbaLt. 
C. diba MIU. 

Jiiglfnt tomentdta Micbx. 
Wkite-keart Hickory, Common Hickory, 

Amer. 
Ni^er tftir.IUinois. 

Varieiy 1 - - 1445 

2 m^ima Swt. Hort. BriU 1t 

5. dlba Nutt, % North America 

pl. 254. fig. 1269. 1446 
The white-»«tfliftf Carjra, or Skeii-bark Hiekory. 
Jiigiant diba Michx. 
Jiigiant dlba ovdta Marih. 
Jugiant tquamdta Mlcbx. 
Ji^iant eomoritta Gsrtn. 
Skag-bark Hickoryt Scafy-bark Hickory, 

iStky nomat Nut, Amer. 
Noyer tendre, Illinoif . 

6. sulcita Nutf. t N. Am. f. 1271. 1448 

The fiirTOwod-:/Htt'/0tf Carya. 

Ji^nt iacinibta Michx. Arb. 
J^giant mucrondta Michx. Fl. Bor. Amer. 
JHgiant tulcdta WiUd. 
Tnick Skeil-bark Hiekory, Springfieid Nut, 
Gioucetter Nut, Amer. 

7. porcina Nutt. X North America 

fig. 1272, 1273, 1274. 1449 
Tho Tig-uut Carya. 

Jiigiant pordna m obeorddta Michx. Arbr. 
J^iant porcina var. tritk fruit round and 
tomewkat rougk, Michx. N. Amer. Syl. 
Jigiant obcordAia Muhlenb. 
^1^^-««/, Hog^ut, Broom Hickory. 

Variety t - - 1449 

2 glabra £ f. 1272. b, and 1274. b. 

J^iantporclnafijletfdrmit Michx. 

Ji^iantgldbraUiihl. 

8. myristicsf6rmls Nutt. Ht South Carolina 

fig. 1275. 1451 

Th* NutmtKMkB-fiHUd Cmm. or Nmhmg HMeory. 
JtigUuu nvrttintflhJiUt Mlchx. 

9. microdlrpa Nutt. X N. America 1451 

Tbc ■iiMll-ftnlted CaryB. 

10. integrifolia Spreng. f • - 1451 

Tli« cmin lcaf (let) ed Caria, ar Hiekory. 
HicMuc inUgrifUiiu Ri^nMqae. 

App. i. Other kiuds of Cdrya. ~ 1451 

C. ambtgu». Noitli Amarlea. 

Mmtambigua Mlchs. . 

C. pufa^Mmt Uc. 
C. riffkU. 

Jigiam» rtgidtt Lodd. Cat. 

III. PTEROCA RYA KuntA. ¥ 

TBB PTBKOCAaTA. 1421. 1451 

Jdgiant tp. L. 

1. cauc^sica Kunth. ^ Caucasus 

pl. 255. fig. 1276. 1452 
The Caucasian Pterocarya. 

Jitgiant pterocdrpa Mlchx. 
'Rkdt obtciirum Bieb. 
Jiitgiant fratinifblialaxaaad MS. 
Frdxintu iavigita Hort. Par. 



Saltcdcece. £ 
L SALIX L.tm^ 

Thk Willow. 



-* ^ 



-*«« - 



1453 
- 1453 



CXII 



CONTENTS. 



Harab, Hebrew. 

Itea^ Gr. 

Sdlix, Lat. 

Sauie, Fr. 

Weidf, Feiber, Ger. _ 

Salcio, Ital. 

Sa«xe, Span. 

FFiVif. Swed. 

IVilge, Flem. 

IVithig, Anglo-Sax. 

WiUow, Withy, SaUow, Osier, Eag. 

Saugh, Scotch. 

Groupi. PurpurccB Kocfa, Borrer. ^ 5 1490 

0«frr Wiltoufi, tritk one Stanien r» a Fhteer. 

1. purpurea L ^ Britain fig. 1294., and 

fig. 1. in p. 1603. - ' UQQ 

Tbe piirple Wlllow. 

S. purphrea a Koch Comm. 

Farieties stt - - 1490 

1 ^ 

S. piir/>Ar(a Smllh, WUld. 



S & 



8. LoMltfr/Uina SnuOi, WiUd. 



S 



S. HWir Wllld. Bn. 

4 monadelphica XocA. & 

5 wticek ITorA. * 

S. nwnjiufra «rWcca Scr. Sol. HdT. 

6 br&ctea rtbra KocA. A 

2. //elix L. ft 5 Britain fig. 2. in 

p. 1603. - - - 1491 

The Hclix, or Rose, Willow. 

S. f^rphrea var. Koch Comm. 
? S. oppotUiJhUa Ilost Sal. Austr. 

3. Lambcrtiflwfl Sm. i^ England fig. 3. 

in p. 1603. - - - 1492 

Lambert*8, or the Bopton, WIllow. 
S. purpUrea /3 Koch Coram. 

4. Woollgarifl«a Borr. • England fig. 4. 

in p. 1603. - - - 1492 

W^oollgar'! Willow. 

S. mondndra Sal. W^ob. 

S. monandra var. Hoffin. Hist. Sal. 

5. Vorhydna Sm. a England fig. 5. in 

p. 1603. - - - 1492 

Forby'« Willow, or thejfne Sasket Osier. 

S.fusa Lln. Soc. Tran»., notoflloiftn. 
S. riibra /3 Koch Comm. 

6. riibra Iluds, a 1f Britain fig. 6. in 
, p. 1604. - - - 1493 

The red, or grcen-leavcd, Willow, or Osier. 
S. rilbra, inpart, Koch Comm. 
S./bM Hofnn. Sal 
S. c6ncolor Host Sal. 
S. viriicens VUl. Dauph. 
S. linehris Walker*8 Easays. 

App. i. Purpikrea of tehich PlanU have been 
introducedy but not descrihed. 1493 

S. etUpUca Ladd. Od. 

App. ii. Purjnirece. descrihed hy AuthorSt bttt 

' not yet tniroduced^ or of doubtful Identity 

with Species already in the Country, 1493 

S. oincolor, mas. rtfcm., Hott Sal. 

S. mininuifrdfiUUfaliUlimgitHmiM, ^., Ray. 

S. riibra EhkL Pl. 
S. Jf Mix, miw et frm., Bail Sal. 
S. oppodtlfblia, mos ctfcm., BoH SaL m 

S. H«i.r L. 
S. puTp^rea, maa et fem., Hoti So/. 
S. mattfUlL<. ma» et fwn., Hotl Vn/. 
.V. camitfUcB, mas ct fcm-, //r«/ .s«/. 
.V. mir&bllis mas, Bott sv./. 



Pac* 

Groupiu AcutifoRa Borrer. ft !i^ 1494 
Fruindss Koek. 

WiUows witM dark Bark, covered witk aflne Blocm. 

7. acutiBUa WUld. A 1 Podolia fig. 25. 

inp. 1607. - - 1494 

Tbe pointed-leaved Willow. 

S. yioldcea Andr. Bot. Rep.. noC ofWIDd. 
nor S. c&spica Hort. 

8. rfaphn6idesTl//iir#. 5 Switzerland 

fig. 1295., and1ig.26. in p. 1608. 1494 
The Daphne-llke Willow. 
S. prai^cox Hoppe. 
S. Ifighnmis Ilotrra. 
S. cinirea Host Sal. 

9. pomer&nica H^t//</. * Pomerania 1496 

Thc Pomeraaian Willow. 

S. dapknoides var. Villars. 

Group iii. Tri&ndnB Borrer. fklt 1496 
ifmygdilina! Koch. 
Osier WiUows, witk tkree Stamens in a Ftower. 

10. undulata Koch, Hook. t « England 

fiiT. 1290., and fig. 13, 14. in p. 1605. 

1497 

The vfpxj-teaved Willow. 

• S. vnduUUa Ehrh. BeTtr. 
? S. No. 38., TrcT. Obs. Bot. 
S. lanceol^ Sm. 

rarieHes ? * - - 1497 

2 undulaU Forbes. 5 a 

3 lanceolau Smith. ¥ II 

4 Having the catkins androgy- 

nous !t ft 

11. /lippophaefblia Thmllier. a Silesia^&c. 

1498 

The SearBuckthorn-lcaved Willow, or 0*»fr. 
S. unduldta Trev. Obs. Bot. 
? 8. undulita var. Borr. in a letter. 

12. triandra L.A 1t Britain fig. 1297., 

and fig. 15. in p. 1605. - - 1498 
The three stamened-j^owcred Willow. or Osier. 
S. sanygddlina, part qf, Koch Comm. 

Varietie». s 5t 
? 2 The French wiDow a $ 1499 
S. tridndra Cart. Fl. Lood. 
? S. HoppeitM Wilid. 
? 3 Hoppedna a !J? - - 1500 
S. andr^gyna lloppe. 
S. Hoppeinsi Wittd. Sp. PU 
S. tridndra andrdgyna Serinjte. 
S. nntfgddUna, pmt <tf, Koch 
Comm. 
?4 Sfc 5! 
* S. tridndra unduidta Mertens. 

13. Hoffmanniffna Sm. a Britain fig. 16. 

in p. 1606. - - - 1500 

Hoflhiann'8 Willow, or Osier. 
S. tridndra Hoffm. 

. 14. amygd&Una L. * Britain fig. 1298., 
and fig. 18. in p. 1606. - 1500 

The Almond-fcaiitfrf WUlow, or Osier. ^ ' 
S. smygdtilina, part <ff, Koch Comm. 

15. Villarsiana Flugge et WiUd. « Dau- 
phin6 fig. 17. in [^. 1606. - 1502 
VUlar's WiUow, or Osier. 

S. tridndra ViUars Delph. 

S. Hmygddlina rar. Koch Comm. 



r 



CONTENTS. 



CXlll 



App. i. Tridndr^ ofmkieh there art Plant» 
m the Commhry nat described, 1502 

8. tnuifdlU Lodd, Cai. and G. not of Sm. 

App. ii. THdndra described, but not yet in- 
trodmeed, ar ofdonbtfid TdenHiy with Speeies 
ts the Country, ... 1502 

«C fen., Bctl 2tal. 
BH cc teau, Hott Ssi. 
•Cfcn., HmTM. 
c< tBm., Hml Sat. 
taa., Mmt 8al, 

flt nHn.. Bott 9W' 
: fcn., Hiw< Smt. 
bn., Hoi( M. 

GroopiT. Pent&ndrm Borrer. ¥ 1503 
TVm, AavAy Flowen udtk 8—5 Stamens. 

)6. pent4nclra 2^. 5^ Britain fig. 1299.a, 
and fig. 34. in p. 1610. - 1503 

The Ave-eUaBatiOfed-JlouMfred Wlllow. 

S. pemidndratPitrt o/; Koch Comm. 
Tke tweet Wmou>^ Sag-leaved fFiUovf. 




Variehf S 
9 hennaphroditica t 
S. kermapkrodUtea L. 



- 1503 



17. Meyeridna Willd. ¥ Pomerania 

f. 1300., and f. 33. in p.l610. 1504 
sr't Wmow. 
8. c«H!p«itf«a Schnlts. 
S. timetbna Sm. In Reet'! Cjel. 
S. pentdndrafi L. 
S. kexdndra Ehrh. 
S. l?JlrA0r<lina 5fR. h» JZeie«*« C;^. 
S. ftfriMra Wllld. 

18. likcida Muhlenb, S Noith America 

f.l301.,andf.32.inp. 1610. 1504 

Tlie tAAoiii^leaoed WIIlow. 

S. ArMflll Swt. Hort. BrU. 

Gxoup T. FrdgiJk» Borrer. t 1507 
TVmt, wUh Heir 7V%t MOff^ ftrOffe ar t»e Joints. 

19. babyl6nica X. 1 Asia pl. 256. fig. 22. 

inp.1607. - - 1507 

The B&^onian, or Weeping. Willow. 
8. propinden» Serlng. Sid. HeW. 
S. ortemUt», 4«.. Toom. 
S. otrMxL, ^. , C. Bauh. 
Samleplemrenr^ PartwoldugrandSe^nemrt 

Fr. 
n^uer Weide, Tkrmnen Wetde* Ger. 

VarieHe» 1 - - 1513 

1 Tulgiris fem. Hort. ^ 

8 Napolednii Hort. 5E 

3 crispa Hort. 1 pL 257. fig. ^\. 

in p. 1606. 

30. dedpiens Hojfm, S Britain pl. 256. 

f. 1309., and f.29. in p. I6O9. 1515 
Tbe decepCiTe, Wkite Welck,or mtmisked, Wil- 
I0W. 
8. wneriedna Walfcer's Eeaey». 
S. fr&glii», part </, Koch Comm. 



21. moiitana Forbe» t 

fie. 19. in p. 1606. 
The Moontain Wlllow. 



Switzcrland 
- 1515 



Pair» 

22. fir&gilis L. t Britain fig. 1310., and 

fig. 27. in p. 1606. - - 1516 
The brlttIe-/i0i^»Mi, or Crack, Willow. 
S.firdgitis, tnpart, Koeh Comm. 

23. monspeliensis Forbet. 1 * Montp&- 

lier fig. 30. in p. 1609. - 1517 

The Montpeller WIIIow. 

? S.frdgOi» var. Borr. in a letter. 

24. RusselliffyMi Sm. S Britain fig. 1311., 

and fig. 28. in p. 1608. - 1517 

The Rusa^. or Duke qfBedfi)rd'», Willow. 
? S./rdgili» WoodT. 
Tke DWUey or Leice»ter»kire, WHIow ; tke 

Huntingdon WiUow. 
S. pinduSt Ser. SaL Helv. 
S. viridi» Friei Not.'> 
S. r^bat» Schrank Baier. Fl. 

Varietie» - - - 1521 

25. PuTshidna Borrer. S N. Amer. 1522 
Panh't WiUow. 

S. ambigua Porsh, Sm., Forbes, Hook. 

App. L FrdgUe» introducedj but not yet de- 
»cribedt or of doubt/ul Identity. 1522 

5. adiotfndcn* DomaH'» Nurmy. 

8. Msiinmls Lodd. Cml. 

S. dccfpten*, tm., ladd. Cmt. 

S. frigfils Lodd. Cat. 

8. murtna Lodd. Cat. 

S. rftbra O. Ladd. 

App. ii. Frdgile» deecribedy but noi yet in- 
irodueetif or of doubtful Identity with in- 
trodtueed Spede». - - 1522 

8. frAfDfa, tam et ftm.. Hoil Sat. 
S. tnifiHar, m« M tea., Boot Sal. 
8. fta^iteima, niM ec fen., Bool SaL 

H^JidgiiU HoiC Sjn. 
8. ^iutrto^mn cc tem., Boot 8aL 
S. captfnals ThunJb. FL Cm. 
S. ■obMrrftU nrUUL 8p. PL 
S. S^tf^ ttflUdi Ponk. Gst. Fl. .fi0pC 

Group vi. AUh» Borrer. X 1522 

Tree» ttf Ike largett Sne, witk tke Atpect qf Ihe 
FoUage wMtlek. 

26. &lbaL. 5 Europe pl. 259, 260. f. 1314, 

1315., and f. 136. in p. 1629. 1522 
The wkltt»k-leaved, or eommon whlte, Willo-'. 
S. dlba, part qf, Koch Coram. 
Tke Huntingdon, or Swallow-taOcd, Wil- 
low. 

VarieHei^i - - 1523 

2 eeriilea It fig. 137. in p. 1629. 
Bloe Willow. 

S. dlba var. Sm. Fl. Br. 

S. aeritlea Sm. Eng. BoC. 

S. dlba a Sm. Eng. Fl. 

Tke upi an d , or red-twigged, Wil 

low, Pontey. 
Tke Leiee»ter WUtaw^ D«ty's Agr. 
Chem. 
?3crispaS - - 1525 

4 rosea Lodd. CaL 2 

27. yitellina L. ¥ Britain pL 261. fig. 20. 

in p. 1606. ... 1528 

The Tolk.of-egg-coloured, or yrlfotir, WUlow, or 
Golden Osier. 

S. dlba Koch Comm. 

Varieiy H: - - 1528 

With reddish braneblcts, Sm It 

n 



CXIV 



CONTENTS. 



Pace 

App. L ^'a« deBcrihed, but which, prabably, 
haoe not been introduced into Britain. 1528 



s. 



Boitaai. 



Group vii. N*^«. • 5t - 1529 

Extra-Emropean Khids aUied to tke Kinds qfone or 
aUqftke tkree preceding Group». 

28. nlgra MUhienb, t N. America fig. 152. 

in p. 1630. - - - 1529 

Tlic blwk. or dark-tramdttd Awmican, WUlow. 
8. earoUwUma Mtchx. 
8. atmUHdra Wah. 
8. mUgAri» Clayt. Fl. VItk. 

29. Humboldttaiui Willd. ft Peru fig. 8. 

in p.1604. - - 1529 

HoBitMldfs Willow. 

SO. Bonplandt(2iia Humb. et Bonpl. ft ? !if 
Mezico fig.9. in p. 1604. - 1529 

BoaplaDd*! WlUow. 

App. L N\grei de^cribed, but not yet intro- 

duced, - - 1530 

8. ag6MXiina. Midue. Noith Amciica. 
8. ocddmUU* Boac. Uc at Cvba. 
«. oet4ndia 8M. EgypC 

GroupTiii. Trinoldet Borrer. A ¥ 1530 

Skrubs, mostiv Natives of Norik America, and used 
£» Basket-making. 

31. rigida Muhlenb. a North America 

fig. 141. inp. 1630. - - 1530 
The ttur-leaved willow. 
S. oordHta lCichx. 
8. cord^blia Herbi. Banks. MSS. 

32. prinoides Pwnh. ft 1 North America 

f. 1317., and f. 40. in p. 1612. 1530 
The Prinoft-like Willow. 

33. disoolor MUhlenb. m North America 

fig. 147. in p. 1630. - - 1530 

Tb« two-oolouzed Wfllov. 

34. angustaU Pureh, ft N. America 1531 

Tbo nanowad, or tmftroUtaiooi, WUlow. 

35. conf6rmis Forbes» • North America 

fig. 24. in p. 1607. - - 1531 
Tbe uniform-i^avei Willow. 



Group ix. GrUe<B Borrer. 3J * j» -* w* 1531 
Cki^ Skrubs, Naiives qfNortk America. 

36 vir^ceng Forben, * Switzerland 
f. 1318., and f. 7. in p. 1604. 1531 
The grecni»h-fc«i*rf Willow, or verdant Osier. 
S. hippopka«:fbiia Lodd. 

37. reAexa Forbes. • North America 
fig.94.inp. 1619. - - 1532 

The reiiex^oA-catkined Willow. 

38 virgata Forbes. js North America 
fig. 12. in p. 1605. - - 1532 
The twiggy Wlllow. 



39. Lyonii ? Schi. A Switzerland fig. 10. 

in p. 1604. - - - 1^2 

Lyou'a WiUow. 

40. Houstonifliw Pursh. » Virginiaand 

Carolina fig. 1 1 . in p. 1604. 1532 

Hottstoo'a Willow. 

S. tristis Lodd. Cat. 

41. falcata Pursh. A N. America fig. 148. 

In p. 1630. - - - 1533 

Tb* 8ieklc4<a0«d WBlow. 

42. griaea RTtttrf. * PennsyWania - 1533 



ThegnyWaiow. 

^. otrUm MHhlcnb. 
? 8. ftmmtylodmUa FortMa. 

Fariety ft 
2gliibra A 



- 1533 



43. pedolaris Sm. fl Scotland fig. 1319., 

and fig. 23. in p. 1607. - 1533 

The AMtf-petiolated WiUow. 
S. grisea WlUd. 
S. griseayar. fi subglabriia Koch Comm. 

44. pennsylvanica Forbes. A ? N. America 

fig. 95. in p. 1620. - - 1534 
The PemuylTanUn WiUow. 
? S. pettotdris Sm. 
? S. grisea WUld. 
? S. pedieeildris Spreng. Sytt., Porsh. 

45. MiihlenbergianaWilld. Jk Pennsylvania 

fig 145. in p. 1630. - - 1534 

MabknlMrR'*, or tkt iroam Amttrieaa, WUIow. 
S. ofpUa Walt. 
atecAMMichs. 
H.Jliva HdMMpf. 
8. triitU MObinb. 

46. tristis Ait. ^ North America fig. 150. 

in p. 1630. - - 1534 

Thc Md, or marrom iMwrf Amitrieam, WUIow. 



47. cordaU Miihlenb. A North America 
fig. 142. in p. 1630. - - 1534 



The 



WUlow. 



Group z. 'B/ismarinifiUa Borrer. 1535 

Sk Jk JH 

Low SkrubSt witk norrow Lem^. 

48. rosmarinifilia L. js North America 

f. 1320., and f. 87. in p. 1618. 1535 

The Rotemary-leaTed WiUow. 

S. Tosmarinifbliaypartqf, Koch Comm. 

49. angustifolia Borrer, Hook., ? Wuffl .m -* 

Scotlandfig. 132)., and fig.86. in 
p. 1618. ... 1535 
The narrow-leSTed WiUow. 

S. arbAseula Sm. 

S. rosmarintfdlia m Koch Comm. 
' S. incuMcea L. 

50. decumbens Forbes. -* ? Switzerland 

fig.88.inp. 1618. - - 1536 

The Secumbent wiUow. 

51. fusdlta Pureh. * North America 1536 

The 4tanfc.bR>wn.*r«iicM WUlow. 



CONTENTS. 



CXV 



Group xL F^e^ Borrer. A j 
MotOt froctmbeM Skrubs. 



1536 



52. fusca //. Jt fig. 83. in p. 1618. 1536 

The browB WIUow. 
S. ripem Hook. 
S. reptm Roch, part qfy Koch Comm. 

VarietUi m Jk . . I5S7 

1 Tulgaris jt Britaixi fig. 83. in 

pu 1618. 
war. m. Hook. 
S.f6Mea Sm. 
S. ripent Koch /3 Koch Comm. 

2 repeos Jt Britain fig. 84. in 

p. 1618. 
MT. fi Hook. 
S. r^pCTM L. 
S. ripem Koch • Koch Comm. 

3 prostraU Jk Britain fig. 82. Id 

p. 1618. 
•ar. y Hook. 
S. prottrdta Sm. 

4 fce^tida Jb 

vor. d Hook. 
S./dKtfAi Sm. 

/ Sudvariettes Jk 

S. miMn/lam Sm. Mug. Bot. Jk Biltaln. 
te 80. lo p. 1618. 
S.Jk^Hda, cairftMlw oTA Sm. Bng. Pl. 
8. rtfttu Kodk Mr. Kocli Cqmm. 
S. pirvinila Mn. £«r. SM. J( Blitain. 
fifr. 81. mp. 1618. 
».fi^tUmB Sm. f^ Pl. 
8. r^ jww Koch iwr. Koch Conm. 

5 incubacea A England fig. 79. 

in p. 1618. 
S. Meubdeea L. 

6 arg^ntea Jc England fig. 78. in 

p. 1618. 
S. argimiea Sm. 
8. ripetu Koch ^' Koch Comm. 

53. Doiwnia 8m. « Britaiii fig. 1322., 

and fig. 85. in p. 1618. - 1540 

DoD% or the rmttp-krameked, WUlow. 

(mnipxil. AMffucB Boner. S A jt Jk 1540 

Shmhe. 

54. ambigua Ehrh. Borrer, A Jl Engl. 1540 
The ambiguoiu Willow. 

S. amkkgua Koch, part ^, Koch Comm. 

VlatrieHes m m jk . 1541 

1 vulgarif JM Jk 
^ «nr. «aBoinrlnAiw.Bot.SappL 

SmijorA 

^ si^ypr jBonvr. 



57. alaterndides Forbes, i 

fig.76.inp. 1618. 
le AUtemiu-Iike WiUow. 



PllgO 

Switzerland 
- 1542 



The 



S. ««MkM Heok. 
8. Vffru/Blia S«f ln|t. 

3 8pathul^iA 

tMT. y yrf *ii rthi Borrer. 
8. • ■■M i 'Mfl y Hook. 
8. mftattte WUM. 

4 undoUta A 

Mr. tf umdmlMa Dorr. 

8. •paOMlAta WlUd., iwr. «aJbld/a of l*ro- 
Mcrtaw. 



55. finraarchica WiUd. ? jk ? ^ Finmark 

1541 

The Flmnark WUlow. 

56. versfcolor Forhet. ? Jc ? .a Switzer- 

land fig. 77. in n. 1618. - 1541 
Tlie Tarious-coloured WUIow. 



58. protete/B/ta Scbl. A ? 1 Switzerland 

fig. 75.inp. 1617. - - 1542 
The Protea-leaTed WUlow. 

Group xiiL ReHculatm Borrer. ^ 1542 

59. reticulkta L. Ji England fig. 1323., 

and fig. 67. in p. 1616. - 1542 

Tbe netted, or rnnkUd^ leaved WiUow. 

App. L RetieuldteB describedf bui not yet iiu 

troduced. - - 1543 

S.TMitiaPHr«*. Lnbndor. 

Group xiv. Glaiices Borrer. ¥ A ji ^ 1543 
Smail, uprigki, ufiik sqfl sUky Uaves. 

60. rls&agnoides Schleicher, A Europe 

fig. 69.inp. 1616. - - 1544 

The Elceagnus-Iike WIUow. 
S. elaagn(fblia Forbef. 
S. glauca 9ar. Koch. 

61. gla6ca£r. Jt Scotland fig. 1324.,and 

fig.68.inp. 1616. - - 1544 

The glattcous Mountain WiUow. 
S. e^fpendieuldta FI. Dan. 

62. serfcea VUiart, Jk Switzerland fig.74. 

inp. 1617. - - 1544 

The lilky WUlow. 

S. gla^ca Koch Comm. 
S. xjoppi^mfn Sm. 

63. Lapponum L. m Lapland fig. 1325., 

and fig. 73. in p. 1617. - 1545 

The Laplandera' Wniow. 
S. arendria FI. Dan. 

64. obtusifolia WWd. A It Lapland 1545 

Tho bhmt-lMvod WlUov. 



65. arenluia L, A 

p. 1617. - 
The land WUIow. 

S. limbsa Wahloib. 

Variety A 
? leucopbylla A 

S. leuoopk^tta Schl. 



Scotiand fig. 70. in 
- 1545 



- 1546 



66. obovata Pursh. Jk Labrador fig. 144. 

in p. 1630. ... 1546 

Thc obovHii hffiwrrf, or Latrmier, WUlow. 

67. can^ns WiUd. ? ji ? * ? Genoany 1546 

Tbe fpwyiah WlHow. 

8. Umita Waliknb. vmr. Koch Comm. 



68. Stuartiana Sm. 
in p. 1617. 



i Scotland fig. 72. 
- 1546 

Stuart^s, or tke smaO-leaoed skaggjf^ WUIow. 
S. arendria mascuRna Sm. 
S. La pp b num Walker. 
S. limdsa Wahlenb. var.fbiiis augustio- 
ribus Utnceoldtis Koch Comm. 



\ 



Varietp 
n 2 



1547 



CXVI 



CONTENTS. 



69. pyreniica Gouan. Jk Pyrenees 1547 

Th* PywBem WUlow. 

FanetyJi - - 1547 

% cliau Dec. -4 . ^ 

S.pyr*mMoafitUUtaVK. 

70. Wftldsteiniina WiUd, • Alps - 1547 

WaiasKeln'* WUlpv. 

Group XV. rimindles Borrer. •5 1547 

WiOows and Osirrt.^Mo$ay Treet,or iarge Shruhs, 
tPttk long pliant Brancket, taedjor Baiket-Mak- 
ing. 

71. subalplna Forhes. « Switzerland 

fig.93.inp.1619 - - 1547 

The subalpine WUlow. 

72. dindida WUld. ft North America 

f. 1326., andf. 91. inp. 1619. 1548 
The whltlsh WUlow. 

VaneHet - - - 1548 

73. incana Sckranck, • ? t Pyrenees, &c. 

f. 1327., and f. 90. in p. 1619. 1548 
The hoary-tefl»«f WUlow, t or Osier. 
S. rtpdria WlUd., &c. 
S. laoanduU^Ua Lapejrr., &c. 
S. anguttifdlia Potr., &c. 
S. Totmarintfdlia Gouan, &c. 
S. vimindtit VUl. 

74. linekris Forbes. • Switzerland 

f. 1328., and f.89.in p. 1619. 1549 

The VLaear-leaved WiUow. 

? S. incdna var. Unedrit Borrer. 

75. viminalis i. • 5 England fig. 1329., 

and fig. 133. in p. 1629. - 1549 

The twlggy WiUow, or oommon Osier. 
S.longi^ia Lam. 

VarieHea - - 1550 

Bark of the branchlete brownish 

yellow. 
Bark of the branchlets dark browD. 
Vdvet Osier. 



76. stipularis Sm. • 1J England fig. 132. 

m p. 1628. - - 1550 

The gtipuled, or aurided4ea9ed, Otier, or 
WUlow. 

77. Smithiflna Willd. 1t England fig. 134. 

in p. 1629. - - - 1550 

Smith's Willow, or the tilky-leoved Otier. 
S. mollittima Sm. 
S. acumindtta, with narrotoer leavet, Koch 

Comm. 
S. acmminfiiafi Lindl. Synopt. 



P«fe 

80. MichelifliMi Forbes. • ? ^ fig.135. lo 
p. 1629. - - '^2 

Hichel*B WUlow. 

S. koiotericea Wttld. 

? S. holotericca var. Borrer, 

81. ferruginea Anderton. 5t Scotland 
fig. 128. in p. 1627. - 1552 

The ferruginou«-fc«»«« SaUow, or Wfllow. 

82. acuminata Sm. * England fig. 1330., 
andfig. 131, inp. 1628. - 1553 

The acuminated^wrf, or larg^ieavedy Sallaw, 
or WUlow. 

8. kmceobita Seringe. 

App. i. Vimindks in the Qfuniry, bui noi 
^ deseribed. - - 1553 

s. 



Group xvi Cinhtee Borrer. A !fc 1553 



78. moUiasiina Ehrh, 1t Germany 

Tbc aaetett-nufutd WOlow, or Ouitr. 
8, siAtra Koeh. 



1551 



79. boloserf cea Hooh.y ? WiUd. • ± Ger 

many - - - 1551 

The Telvety,or " tqfi^thaggy^fiowered,'* WUlow, 
orOsier. 

S. SmiMlina rugAta Forbet. 

? S. acumindta, the nar. menUoned by 

Sm. In Eng. Fl. 
S. acumindta var. ruedta Sm. MSS. 
? S. ritbra Walker's Essays. 



SaUowt IVb« and Shruht,with 

^^ Leavea, and thick CaUtint. 

83. p&llida Forbes. • Switzcriand fig. 96. 

in p. 1620. - - l^ 

The pale WIllow. 

84. Willdenoviflna Fori^es. • fig.41. in 

p. 1613. - - l^ 

Wmdenow*» WUlow. 

85. Pontederina Willd. • Switzerland 

f. 1331., and f. 43. in p. 1613. 1555 

Pontedera's WUlow. . #««- «i«j**-«i 

S.phmila alpina nigrtcttnt,fUio oledgtno 

terrdto Fonted. Comp. 
S. Pontedir» BeUardi. 

86. macrostipulacea Forbes. t Switzcr- 

land fig. 130. in p. 1627 - 1557 

The large-stipuled SaUow. 

87. incanescens ? Schl. • * Switzerland 

fig. 120. in p. 1625. - 1557 

The whltish-lfatwf SaUow. 

88. pannosa Forbes. • 5 SwiUerlaBd 

fig. 123. in p. 1626. - - 1557 
The ciotit-leaved SaUow. 

? VaHetjf - - 1558 

Leaf, catkiii, ovary, and bractea, 
larger. 

89. mut&bilis Forhes. • Switzerland 1558 
The changeable WUlow, or Saliow. 

90. cinereaX. I^ England fig. 1332.,Bnd 
fig. 1 25. inp. 1626. - 1558 

The grep SaUow. or A»h-coloured Winow. 
S. dnirea var. Koch Comm. 

VarieHet 4 - - 1559 

1 With variegated leaves 1 

2 « 
S. cinirea Sm., aoomrdlag to Koch. 

3 5 
S. a^udtkui Sm.accordingtoKodi. 

4 5 
S. oleifbtta Sm., according toKoch. 



CONTENT8. 



CXVil 



Pape 

91. aqiiidca Sm, t EDgland fig. 127. in 

p. 1627. - - - 1559 

The Water SaOtnP, or WiUow. ' 
S. duirea Mr. Koch C(unm. 

92. oleifolia 5jff. t England fig. 126. in 

p. 1626. - - . - 1559 

The Olive-leaTed WUlow, or SaUow. 
8. einirea var. Koch Comm. 

93. geminata Forbes. % ? Britain fig.129. 

inp.1627. - - 1560 

Hie xm.-catkm SaUovo^ or WlUow. 

94. crfspa Forbes, A fig. 42.in. p. 1613* 

1560 
The crisp-feoMd WiUow. 

95. aurita L, A England fig. 124. in 
p.l626. - - . 1560 

* , or trailiMg SdUow^ orWiUow. 



& uliginUa WOld. 

Tke iraiiing SaUow, Norfolk. 

Farieties A . - 1560 

S. cladost^Biiiia Hajfne, aecording 
to KoeA. m 

imcropbylla Lodd. * 

S. caprea pikmlla, folio subro- 
tundoy subtuB incanoy DUL, 
aooording to Smith. dk 

96. latifolia Forbes. A jSg.118. in p. 1625. 

1561 
The biroad-.leaTed WiUow, or SdOow. 

97. c^prea L. 5 Britain fig. 1333, 1334, 

1335., andfig. 122. in p. 1626. 1561 

The Goat-WlUow, or the grtat round4eaved 
SaUme. 

98. aphaedata Sm. m Britain fig. 121. in 

p. 1625. - - 1563 

Tbe withered pohUed-Uaffed WUlow, orSaUow. 

Groap XTii. Ntgriednte$ Borrer. 2 A ^ 156S 

Skrwba, witk iong Branckes, ormaU Treet. MosUy 

SaUowe. 

99. australis Forbet. A Switzerland 

fig. 103. in p. 1621. - - 1565 
The •oathem SaUow^ or Willow. 

100. vaud^nsifi Forbes. Sk Switzerland 

fig. 1 17. in p. 1624. - - 1565 
The Vandois SaUow, or WUlow. 

101. grisoph^lla Forbes» A Switzerland 

fig. 1 19. in p. 1625. - 1565 

Tbe grej-lesred wiUow, or SaUow. 

102. lacustris Forbes. • Switzerland 

fif. 116. inp. 1624. - -1566 
TTie £ake WOlow, or SaUow. 



PBff* 

104. cotinifolia ^7/1. A Britain fig. 1336., 

and fig. 114. in p. 1624. - 1566 
The Cotinus, or Q,wnce^ lovfeA. SaUow, or 
WUlow. 
S. spaincea VUl. 
S. ykffUcifbiia var. Koch Comm. 

105. hfrta Spt. A ± Britain fig. 113. in 

p. 1623. - . - 1567 

The haixy-branched SaUow^ or WUlow. 

S.pkta Schl. is the fem. of S. hlrta Forbes. 

106. rivul^s Forbes. A Switzerland 

fig. 102. in p. 1621. - 1567 

The Kirer WiUow, or SaUow. 

107. atropurpurea Forbes. S Switzerland 

1567 

The durk-pmple-branched WiUow, or SaUow. 

108. cori^cea Forbes. m Switzerland 

fig. 112.inp. 1623. - 1568 

The coriaceooM-leavedt or lestherr, WUIow. 
or SaUow. 

109. nigricans Sm. A Britain. fig. 37. in 

p. 1611. - - . 1568 

The dark broad-leaved WUlow. 
S.pAyMr(ySWa/8L. 

110. Andersontana Sm. A Scotland 

- 1568 
^e green Mouniain 



fig. 109. in p. 1623. - 1568 

aderson's WUlow, or tk 



Anderson 
SaUow. 

S. pkyUeifbUa var. Koch. 

yiarieHea 



- 1569 



103. craasifdlia Forbes. 
p. 1624. 



I fig. 115. in 

- 1566 
Tbe thlck-leavedWiUow, or SaUow. 



111. dwa\9&ckn& Forbes. m . 1559 
The T}weMoU'leaved WUlow, or SaUow. 

S. damascenifhUa Anderson ]tfSS. 

S. pAiflic(foiia L., a state of, Lindl. Syn. 

112. Ansoniana Forbes. s Switzerland 

fig. 107. in p. 1622. - - 1569 
Anson*8 SaUow, or WiUow. 

113. helv^tica Forbes. ft Switzerland 1570 
The Swlss WUlow, or SaUow. 

114. firraa Forbes. a. fig. 106. inp. 1622. 
The trm-leaved SaUow, or WiUow. 

115. carpinjfolia iS<?A/. A Germanv 1570 
The Hombeam-leaTed SaUow, or Wdlow. 

116. rotundata Forie*. II I Switzerland 

fig. 1337. in p. 1572., and fig. 104. 
in p. 1621. - . 1571 

The TwxaA-leaved WiUow, or SaUow. 
? 8. rotundifdUd Host. 

117. dura Forbes. 1 fig. 105. in p. 1622 

1571 

The hardy SaUow, or WIUow. 

1 18. Forsteriana Sm. ft 5 Britain fig. 1 10. 

inp.1623. . . 1571 

The jjtottoofa MowUain SaUow, or Forster's 

S. v^kyUcifhlia var. Koch. 



CXVIU 



CONTENTS. 



1 19. nip^stris Donn, Jt Scotland fig. 1 1 1. 

mp. 1623. - - 1573 

The nlh Rock \N'iUow, or SaUow. 

120. tenuifoliaZ. A Eagland fig.50. in 

p. 1614. - - 1573 

Tbe thin-leared Willow. 

S. arMksctda Wahlenb. m»*. Koch. 
S. t. qfEng. Bol. is S. bkolor of Hook- 

? rortety - - - 1573 
With siiky bairs on tbe upper 
balf of tbe ovary, and towards 
tbe base of its stalk. 

121. propinqua Borr, A 1t Britain 1574 
Tba nearly related, or fiai-leated^ uprightt 

Mountam WUlow. 

122. petrs^a Andert, A Britain fig. 97. 



in p. 1620. 

The Vioc)L-SaUow, or Willow. 
S. arbutcula Wahlenb. 



- 1574 



123. AmmanniflTMf Willd. * Alps 1575 

AminaQn't WUlow. 

124. atrovirens Forbet, * Switzeriand 

fiff. 108. mD. 1622. - 1575 

The dark-green Sallow, or WiUow. 

125. str^pida Forhet, * Switzerland 

fig. 100. inn. 1621. - 1575 

The creaking WiUow, or Sallow. 

126. sordida Forbet, » Switzerland 

fig.lOl.inp. 1621. - - 1576 
The Mordld SaUow, or WiUow. 

127. Schldcheriflfia Forbes. m Switzer- 

land fig. 98. in p. 1620. - 1576 
Schleicher*8 WiUow, or SaUow. 

128. grisonensis Fori<?*. a Grison8fig.99. 

in p. 1620. - - 1576 

The GrisoQS SaUow^ or WiUow. 

Group xviii. BicoUbres Borrer. 2 • ja Jk 1577 

Bushjf Skrub$t v<<A Leaves dark green above, and 
gtaucotu beneath. 

129. tenuior Borrer, • Scotland 1577 
The narrower-fca»«f HUermediatc WiUow. 

S. \atirina Sm., according to Sm. 

S. bUolor Sm. Eng.Bot.,a€Cordingto Sm. 

130. laxiflora Borrer, A Britain 1578 
The loose-catkined WUIow. 

131. /aurina Sm, 1t Britain fig. 1338., 

and fig. 38. in p. 1612. - 1578 
Tbe Laurel-/^a««d!, or skinmg dark green» 
WUIow. 
S. biooior Sm. 

S. arbuscula Wahlenb. var. Koch 
Comm. 

132. pkiens Forbet, m fig.39. in p. 1612. 

1578 
The ftprcading-&raiicAc(i WiUow. 



' 133. radicans Sm, Jt Britain fig. 46. m 
p. 1614. . - - 1579 

The rooting-ftrMdM WUlow. 
S. ipkyUcifdUa Un. Fl. Lap. 
S. arbuscula Wahlenb. var. Kocli 
Comm. 

134. Borreriana Sm. a Scotland fig.1339. 

1579 

Borrer's, or tke dark uprigkt, WUlow. 

135. DavalUana Sm. « Scotland fig.47. 

in p. 1614. - - 1580 

DaTall's WUlow. 

S. tiirapla Walker. 
S. pkyUcifhUa WUld. 
S. XkjfmeUeS\des Schl. 

Variety A - - 1580 

& Davalliaaa Sm., the Swiss 
kind. * 

136. tetrapla 5iii. * Scotland fig. 49. in 

p. 1614. - - - 1580 

The foor-ranked WUlow. 

137. ramifusca Forbet, * Britain fig. 53. 

in p. 1615. - - 1581 

The brown-branched WiUow. 
? S. titrapU» mas Borrer. 

138. Forbestana A f.51. inp. 1615. 1581 

Forbet'B WUlow. 

S. IVeigeAkaA Forbes. 

139. Weigeliana Borr. a Scotland f. 1340., 

and f. 48. in p. 1614. - 1582 

Weigel't Willow. 

S. fTuffenikaM Sm. 

Variety - - 1583 

Leaves more conspicuously tootbed, 
rather silky wben young ; tbe 
sboots more downy, and tbe 
ovary pube scent towards the 
pointonly. (Borr.) 

140. nitens Andert, * Britain fig. 1341., 

andfig.44. inp. 1613. - 1582 

The f^tXjenag-leaved NViUow. 

141. CroweaTta Sm. A Scotland fig. 52. 

in p. 1615. - - 1583 

Crowe^i Willow. 

S. arbAsctda Wahlenb. «or. Koch « 

Comm. 
S. hkmiUs Schl., fem. of S. Crowetea 

Sm. 
? S. ketoropk^Ua Uost. 

142. bicolor Ehrh, a Britain fig. 54. in 

p. 1615. ... 15a3 

The two-coloured WUlow. 
S. tenuiibUa Sm. 
^.fioribinda Forbea. 
S. Uvida Wahlenb. 

143. ;>biHyreifolia Borr, A Scotland 1584 

Th* PhUl7iM4«av«d WUlow. 

144. Dicksoniana Sm. js Scotland fig. 55. 

in p. 1615. - - 1584 

Dicksou'! WiUow. 

S. mjfrHUiildcs Sm., not of L. 



CONTENTS. 



CXIX 



Groupxix. WaecinHfiU^ Borr. ^MJk 1585 
SmuOi, tmd generalig procumbenil Skrubt, 

145. MCcmiiioUa Walker. J^ ScotUnd 

f. 1342., and £ 57. in p. 1615. 1585 

Tb* Vaeeintani-lcaTBd Wlllow. 

8w fnH4fiU»,r^^* Koch Comm. 

146. carinata Sm. A Sootland fig. 59. in 

p. 1615. . - - 1585 

Th« kccM, «rJbUtd-itamd. Wmaw. 
S. pnm(fUlm,fOft^t Koeh Comm. 

147. iMiinirdlia Sm. jm Scotland fig. 1615. 

1585 
The PlaiD-leaTed WOIow. 

S. MprsMtes Lightf., noc of L. 

S. pnmifhiia, part qf^ Koch Comm. 

Farietyjt . . 1586 

stylo longiore Koeh. m 
8. prmUfbUa Ser. 
S.JbrwtSta Wllld. 
S./a^tida Schl. 
S. alplna Sat. 

148. ▼enulosa Sm. m Scotland fig. S6. in 
p. 1615. ... 1586 



IW Titnj hMiiMrf WIOow. 

8. pnmfiU», part «T* Koch Comm. 

140. cae^ia Viilars. A Dauphin^ fig. 66. 

in p. 1616. - - 1586 

Tbe gnj-leaeed Willow. 
S. mprtiUoUies Wllld. 
S. proMirita Ehrh. 

Groop XX. MyrtWSidee Borrer. .n 1587 

Smatt BUb^rrg-Hke Skrub», not NaOva qfBritain. 

150. mjrtilloldesX,. Jt Poland, &c f. 1S4S. 

1587 

Ttm MjnrtilhH-liko. er BUUrrjf4*ami WIUov. 



156. retusa L. jt Alps fig. 1346., and 

fig. 139. in p. 1630. - 1589 

The retiuo-lfaWwUlow. 

S. retiisa Koch, partqfy Koch Comm. 
S. nerpyUtfbiia Jaoq. 

? VarieHes - . .1589 
? S. Kitaibelt^na Scop. 
? S. U\a-{irsi Scop. 
? 5. «erpylUfolia Scop. 

157. Kitaibeliana WUld. ^ Carpatfaian 

Mountains f. 64. in p. 1616. 1589 
Kitaibel'! Wiliow. 

S. ret^ Koch, fi m^for Koch Comm. 
? S. ITva-iirsi Pursh. 
? S. retJtsa var. L. 

158. Ifva^ursi PkwA. j» Labrador fig. 151* 

in p. 1630. . - 1590 

The Bearborry-feovMl WiUow. 
? S. KitaibeHknsL Wiiid. 
? S. retiua var. L. 

159. «erpyUifoUa Scop. Jt France, &c. 

fig. 1347, 1348., and fig. 65. in 

p. 1616. - - - 1590 

The WUd-Thyme-leaTed Willow. 

S. reOua Koch, y Koch Comm. 
S. retusa var. L. 

160. cordifolia Pursh. Jk Labrador fig. 143. 

in p. 1630. - - . 1590 

Tho hHit-lcATOd Latrador Willow. 



151. pedioeU^ris PkrsA. jm CatskiU Moun. 
taina - - . 1587 

IWiUov. 



153. pUmifdlia Pursh. ■» Labrador 1587 

Wfflow. 



Gioup xxi. MyrsimteM Borrer. jm jk 1587 
fknalt busky Shrubs. 

153. ilfyrsinites L. .» Scotland 6g. 1344. 

1588 

Tbe Whortleberry-i^aMrf WiUow. 
S. MffrsinUes B8ta. , 
S.arWryd^MiWaid. 
? S. MarmMAnn Maegiilivray. 
S. MyrshMes Koch, part cf, Koch 

Comm. 
S. dkbia Suter. 

154. 6etumolia Forster. .m Britain f. 1345.» 

andf.60. inp. 1615. - 1588 

The dufosf Blreh-IeaTed WiUow. 

S. Mstrsin.:es Sm. Koch, jMirt qf^ Koch 
Coinm. 

155. prociimbens Forbet. Jk Scotland 

fig. 61. in p. 1615. - 1588 
Tbe procombent WiUow. 
S. te>ic Hook. 
S. re^M Wlther. 



Group xxiL Herbdeeee Borrer. js 1590 

Verjf low SkrubSt scarcely rising an Inck above tke 

Ground. 

161. herbacea L. m Britain fig. 1349., 

and fig. 62. in p. 1615. - 1590 
The herbaceoaf-looJMv WUlow. 

? Farieties - - - 1591 

162. polaris Wahlenb.js Laplandf. 1350, 

1351., andf. 63. inp. 1615. 1591 
The Polar WiUow. 



Group xxiu. HastdUe Borrer. lk js jk 1592 

Low SkrubSt witk very broad Leaves, and excced- 
ingly tkaggy and siliy Calkins. 

163. hastata L. * Lapland fig. 1352.» 
and fig. 35. in p. 1611. - 1592 
The halberd-lravAf WUlow. 
S. kast^ Koch, part qf. 

ydrieties A - . I592 

2 serrulata tt 

S. kastiiia WiUd. 

3 malifolia A 

S. mal^fdlia Sm. 

S. kastAta^ part qfy Koch. 

S. hastdta liook., Borr. 

4 arbiiscula A ? j> fig.lS5S., and 

fig. 138. in p. 1630. 
S. arbOscuia Wahl. 
S. arbtiscula Lln. Fl. Siiec. 
S. arbOscula y Lhi. Sp. Pl. 



cxx 



CONTENTS. 



164. lan^tai/. a Lapland fig.l354.,and 

fig.71. No.2.inp.l617 - 1593 
The yirooUj-leawed Waiow. 

S. tanita^ the kini No. 3., Forbet. 

S. la»iia^ at lea$tpartcf^ Koch Comm. 

? S. cdprea Fl. Dan., t. 246 

? S. ckfytdnthot Fl. Dao., t. 1057. 

Varieties, according io Koeh 
A Ji ' ' 1594 

2 glabr^ens A 

S. ehrv$6ntkM Vahl F1. Dan. 
S glandiilosa Wahlenb. Fl. Lapp. A 

4 depollta Koch, ? Jc 

S. depriua Lin. FI. Suec. 

Groupicxiv. Mt«ceS(iiM« K, t 1k jk Jk 1594 

ATifuf* «j/" SWi> detcribed >tt*Sal. Wob., «firf «ol tn- 
ebtded in tmif qftite preceding Groupt. 

165. iBgyptiacs L. 3J Eg^npt iig. 146. in 

p. 16S0. - - - 1594 

Th* Bgntiiin Wltlaw. 

C3utfmad Bam, Alpki. AgTpC 

166. alplna IForbes. ? 5 ? * ? J» fig. 149. 

in p. 16S0. - - - 1595 

The alptne Wfllow. 

167. frerberifolia PaU, Jk Dauria fig. 1355., 

and (ig. 140. in p. 1630. - 1595 

The BerbaTy-lMTcd WUIow. 

168. tetra.sperma Roxb. ^ India lig. 31. in 

p. 1609. - - 1595 

Thc fourHwedcd WUIov. 

169. tdmif^lia Forbet, 1t Switxerland 1595 

The Eim-lMTed Wlllow, or SaUomt. 



170. villdsa Forbea, -i 
in p. 1619. 

The villoiu-lMiMrf WUlow. 



Switzerland iig. 92. 
- 1595 



Group XXV. MUceBdneeB B. t ^ m Jk 1596 

KindM qf Silt* introduced, and of mtmy <jf tpkiek 
ikere are Plantt at Metsrs. hoddigee^t, but tokidk 
we kave not been ahle to refer to any <tf tke pre- 
eedii^ Oroupt. 

171. alb^ens SrAt A Switzerland 1596 

The whltish-/«iiMil Wlllow. 
B. a(3^UM « Dec. 



179. 
180. 

181. 
182. 
183. 

184. 

185. 
186. 
187. 
188. 
189. 
190. 

191. 

192. 

193. 
194. 
195. 
196. 



- 1597 



cerasifolia Sehl m 

The ClwiT7.leeved Willow. 

chi7s4nthos (Ed, * Fuimark 1597 

The goldcn-flowcved If^rwmy WHIow. 
?8. 



cinnamomea SehL A Switzerland 1597 

The Ctanaipoa WUIow. 

c1ethr»f61ia SchL A Switzerland 1597 

The Cledii»4ea«id WUIow. 

conifera JFangenh. A N. Amer. 1597 

The cone-bearinc WiUow. 
8. bmgirOtMa Michx. 

cor68cans WiPd.. m Styria - 1597 

ThegllUertairWUIow. 

8. orMMiiia Jaoq., ? Wahlenb. 

cydom«iolia SchL j» Swttzerland 1597 

The Qnliioe-lwvad WiUow. 

dikbia ffort. m - - - l597 

ThedoobtfUWmow. 

eri&ntha SehL j» Switzerland 1597 

Tbe wooUy-flowafed WQWw. 

/agifolia W.etK.jk Croatian Alps 1597 

The Bcech4erad WUIow. 

finm&rvhica Loeitf. Corf. 1 Sweden 1598 

Hie nnnunk ItnUow. 

foliolosa Afzd. m Lapland 

Hie mam-lcaTcd WiUow. 

? S.JblU^ Loud. Bort. Brit. 
S. at^na myrHmta Rodh. 
S. arbOaeaU fiU 

formdsa Wtlld. 3t Swiss Alps 

The dcgnnt Willow. 
8.irMaiWiUd. 
? 8. alpima Scop. 

fuscita Pttrsh. j» New York 

Tbe brown^aneud WUlow. 



172. alnifolia ^o«<. A 

The Alder-leaved WHIow. 

173. Ammanntana Willd. t Salzburg 

Ammann'* Willow. 

8. Mj/rtMlet HaffVn. 

H. haitJaa Hepp., not oT L. 

174. angustata Pursh. !fc New York 

The tapered40ap«rf AmarUam WUlow. 



175. angustif51ia WiOd. m Near the 

pian Sea ... 

The narrow-loaTCd Catflam WDtow. 

176. ftetitUna Hoat. ? A 

The Birch.Uke WUIow. 

177. candidula Hott. ? Jfc - 

The whltiah Willow. 

178. canescens Lodcl. ? lil - - 

ThehovT WUIow. 



1596 

1596 

1596 

Cav 
1596 

1596 

1596 

1596 



197. 



198. 

199. 
200. 
201. 



glabn^ta Schl. a Switzerland 

The i^aliRn» WUlow. 

heterophylla Deh. ft Europe 

The Tariaaa-laiTed WUlow. 

hikmilis Dee, st 

The hnmbte WUIow. 

Jacquinii Host. J* Alps 

Jaoiiain** WiUew. 
S-^Vaca Jaoq. 
8.aMM8oap. 
8. JacquhiiAM WIIU. 

Kvida WahUnb. tt 

Thc HTld-Jeaiierf WlUow. 

8. arhOMcmla y Lln. FI. 8aee. 

? 8. arbtacmla fi Ua. Sp. Pl. 

8. StarktkM. WiUi. 

? S. jUioMM Afitd. 

S. BoaHfbUa Bam. 

8. bteolor Ehriu 

S. Umda Hook. 

longiiolia Muhlenh. Jt Banks of the 
Susquehanna ... 1599 

The iong^leaTad Wfllow. 



. 1598 

1598 

- 1598 

- 1598 
1598 

. 1598 

- 1598 

- 1598 



mespilifolia SchL A Switzerland 1599 

The Mefiplltti-leaTcd WUIow. 

murina Schh m Switzerland - 1599 

Thc Mouae WlUow. 



myricoides MUhlenb. 

Tha MTriea-Uka Willow. 



A N. Am. 1599 



CONTENTS. 



CXXI 



202. nerrosa Sehl, m Switzerland - 1599 

winov. 



903. obtusa Lini, m Switzerland - 1599 

Tfar ibmtJmmd Willow. 

204. obtusifolia JrUld. m Lapland 1599 

Thc «htBM-leavcd LapUnd l^Hllov. 

8. JBUJ* a6tamtiit, ^.^Lin. Fl. Upp. 

Sb a»mrea IJn. 8p. Pl. 

S. CHm M^tlrU, Jkc., BnU. 

205. obtusi-aerratix SchL m Svitierland 1599 

Th* «litswlj-^cmtad^Mserf Wlilow. 



S06. palleaceos SehL m Switzerland 1599 

»pateWUlow. 

- 1600 

- 1600 



S07. paluddsa ZinJL m 

Th« Manh WiUow. 



208. ;>ersicsr6lia Hort. m 

Thm Pfcfa-tfw lowd \I^Uow. 

209. pyrenaica Gouam, Jt Pyrenees 1600 

'^*" iWWow. 



2ia pjnfoUa Sehl, m Switzcrland 1600 

Tfao Ptar-tnt-lmffd Willow. 



211. recuTTata Pursh. m N. America. 1600 

fWUIow. 



212. MlTisfoIia Lk. m Portugal - 1600 

Tbe 8^ge.lMv«d WlUow. 

B. p4tmta Bttiagt Bal. Hdv. 
9. «rfeifUM Scr. Sid. i 
S«. UmtfMa VUl. 

8. nwM*i» Fniu. 



- 1600 



213. Scfaradenafui Willd. 



WUlow. 
S. dAafer flctand. 

214. septentrionalls So$t, m 

TbaaonlMn WlOow. 



- 1600 



215. saeaaca Wm. m Sweden, &c. 1601 
~ -" waiow. 



218. <bjmel«o)des ffo$L j 

i Wild-Oliv»4lke Wffiow. 



219. Trerirana Lk. m 

kWinow. 



22a Telutjna Willd, m 

Tho«cH«WUIow. 



216. Starkedaa WiUd. « Silesia - 1601 

9iark»'s MIm», ar 0$ MarA StUHau WUIow. 

217. tetr&ndia JBott. m ~ . 150I 

WUlow. 

- 1601 

- 1601 

- 1601 

221. ▼ersifolla Spreng, jk - . igQl 

TfaO tWllllBg-ICBTOd WIIIOW. 

222. raocinioides Hott. jt . . igoi 

Tfac VacdBhna-llfce WUlow. 

223. Waldsteinuiaa WiUd. m Croatian Alps 

WaUawin-k WUlow. i /;o] 

S. MfUtri» Hoit. ' ^^ 

224. Walfentaaa Willd. * Carinthia 1601 

Walfcn^ WHlow. 

7 8. fk^UatfMa Wvlf. 

/. pp. L KindM of SdHx deMcribed or recorded 
iu BoJamieal Wbrktf bui nol introduced into 
Britainj or not known Inf theee Ntane» in 
BriHeh Gardeng. - - 1602 

i ettea a. Br. A North Aowrka. 
« mnbnm Udu m 



S. rmtriiu MA. A 

S. clnexiMcm* U»k MSS. A Portu(al. 
The ash-coloured PartugMtu Wiltow. 

? 8. trnndiflHa Ser. 
S. grandlfMiii 5^. Sal. Helv. m 

S. wHpuUrU Ker. Sal. enlcc. 

? S. cintrdaemM Unk. 
S. dlTarlckta Poff. Ji; Dauria. 
S. hbstiita r*«ii6. m Cape at «eod Hope. 
S. uHllcellAta Dttf. ? ¥ Bvhar^. 

The Btalkcd harbary Salluw. 
S. fntegra Tkmmb. tt Japan. 

^The entlre-/Miwd Japam Willow. f 

5. J^pdnica Tkmmb. jf Japan. 

RJu, vmifto Atfiki, KKmpftr. 
&'. mucronku Tkmmb. A Cape of Uood, Hope. 
S. HianmifMia P«//. Jt Siberia. 

8. rtm»Ua,fbliU ordiibmt, ^e., GmeL 

S. ScHngediw (iaudln hi Ser. 8al. HelT. A Bwitxcrland. 

R. lamcnUla Ser. Sal. exdcc., No. 70. 

8. JCaMi(fH.'kna Str. So/. «rtier., No. 4«. 

8. lamfiiftUia Sehl. Cat. 
S. senHfaia PaU. m ^ Wolga. 

S. eAprta y Lln. 8p. Pl. 

8. mgnvtiaea Willd. 

8. Gmcbfrikna WWd. Sp. PL 

App. iL Kinde of Sdiix figured or deecribed 
in the Salictum Woburnense. - 1631 

App. iii. Koch*s Arrangement of the Species 
of Sdlix indigenouM to Europe ; indudingy 
alaOf aome extra-European Specie», with re- 
ferencee to the pages in tkis worky where eaeh 
species is described, - . 1633 

App. iv. Kinds of Sdlix described in IIomCs 
Flora Austriaca, and figurtd in Hos€s 
Salix. .... 1635 



\ 



1454. 1636 



n. POTULUS Toum. "1 

Thb Poplar. 

Peupiier. Fr. 
PappeL, Ger. 
Pioppo, Ital. 
Poplier, Dutch. 
Autmo, Span. 

1. alba 2/. 1t Europe pl. 262. f. 1507. 1638 

The white Poplar, or Abcle Tree. 
P. diba iatifhUa Lob. 
V&pubts No. 1634. Hall. Hitt. 
P. mH)or Mill. 
P. nieea Willd. 
P. dlba nhea Mart. 
Leuld Dioscorides. 
T^great whitePoplar,great Aspen, Duteh 

Beeck. 
Peupiier btanc, Ypr4au blancde Hoiiande, 

Pranc Picard, Fr. ; Aubo, or Aoubtrro, 

in Mime Provincei. 
Weisse Pappei,Silber Pappel, Weisse Aspe, 

Weissaiber Baum, Ger. 
Abeeiboom, Dutch. 



Varieties 



- 1639 



2. (a.) canescens Sm, ^ Britain 

pl. 268. fig. 1508. 1639 
The^grey, or common whiu, Poplar. 
P. diba MiU. 

P. dtbajbiiis mindribus Ray. 
P. dibaJhUo mtndre Bauh. 
P. No. 1634 /3 Hall. Hlst. 
Peupiier grisaUie, Fr. 

Varieties t ~ . 1640 

2hybridaPie6.JF7.Toifr. 
P. dlba Bieb, 1. c. 
? P. intermMfa Mertent. 
P. a. eratstfdlia Mcrtont. 
P. grisea Lodd. Cat. 

O 



cxxu 



CONTENTS. 



3 ooerirdlia !E 

P. mcerifdlia Lodd. Cat. 
P. quercifUia Hort. 
P. palmhta Hort. 

4 aremb^rgica!iE 

P. arembirgica Lodd. Cat. 

5 belsica !i^ 

P. Mi^ieaLodd. Cat. 

6 ciuidicans ¥ 

P. eMican* Lodd. Cat. 

7 niyea X 

P. nivra Lodd. Cat. 

8 «gyptiaca Hort. £ 

P. a. pdUida Hort. 
OeA^r Varietie». 

9 pindula. f 

P. a. var. grddlU rAmi» faMmObMa Mer- 



3. tnSmula L, t Europe 

pl. 264. fig. 1509. 1645 

The trembllng-/Aiva( Poplar, ar Aspen. 
P. No. 1633. Hall. Hi«t. 
F. Hbyea Rav. 
P. kfhHHa Dod. 
P. n\gra Trag. 
P. pSndula Du Roi. 
Le Tremble, Fr. 

La Tremota, Alberalla, Aiberetto, Ital. 
Zitter Pappcl, E»pe, Ger. 

Varieties 1t - - 1509 

1 monticola t 

P. montkola Mertent. 
? P. trthnnia L. 

S parvifolia Mertens. *i. 

3 grandifolia Mertena, ^ 

4 rotundifolia m^jor MertoM. $ 

5 minor Merten», 'Jt 

6 oxyod6nta Ht , 

P. oxyoddnia Mertens. 

7 stricta X 

P. Mtricta Mertens. 

8 p^ndula t p1. '265. 

P. pinduia Lodd. Cat. 

9 suplna !if 

S. ncp}mi Lodd. Cat. 
10 laevigata ¥ 

P. itevig^ Ait. 

4. (t.) trepida WUld, t North America 

fig. 1510. 1649 
The Korth American trembling-leaved Poplar, 
or American Aspen. 

P. tremulotdes Michx. 

5. (t.) grandidentata Michx, ^ Canada 

1651 

The large-toothed-lfavtfc^ Poplar, or North Atne- 
rican large Aspen. 

Vanety $ - . - 1651 

S p^ndula Miehx, ± 

6. graB^^ca Aii, 4 Greece 

pl. 266. fig. 1512. 1651 
The Grecian, or Athenias^, Popiar. 

7. nigra L, t Europe pl. 267, 268,' 269. 

fig. 1513, 1514. 1652 
The black-&arii^ed, or common blaek, Poplar. 
P. No. 1632. Hall. Hist. 
P. dlba Trag. 
P. viminea Du Ham. 
Aigciros, Grcek. 
Kabaki, Modern Greek. 



The oid EngUsh Poplar, Suffolk. 

The WiUow Poplar, Cambridgeshlre. 

Water Popiar. 

Cotton Tree, fem. of P. nlgra ao caUed at 

Bury St. Edmunds. 
Peufdier noir, PeupUer Uard^ Osier blmu, 

Fr. 
Schtaarze Pappel, Ger. 

VarieHes $ - - 1653 

8 viridts LindL 1 

P. viridis Lodd. Cat. 
3 «alicifolia X 

P. Mlicifblia Lodd. Cat. 

8. (n.) canad^nsis Michx, "i^ N.Amenca 

fig. 1515. 1655 
The Canadian Poplar. 

P. hsvigdta Willd., not of Hort. Rew. 
P. monilifera Hort. Par. 
Cotton Wood, Michx. 
Peuplier de Canada, Fr. 

9. (n.) &etulif61ia Pursh, ^ Bank.sof tlie 

Hudson - fig. 1516. 1656 

The Birch-leared Poplar. 
P. nigra Michx. Fl. 
P. hudsHniea Michx. Arfo. 
P. hudsomdtna Bobc. 
American Btack Poplar, Amer. 
PeupUer de ia Baie d^HudsoUy Fr. 

10. monilifera Ait, 1t ? Canada 

pl. 270, 271, 272. fig. 1517. mi 
The Necklace-bearing, or 6/aciir/laAm, Poplar. 
P. mrginidna L. 
P. glanduibsa MoHich Meth. 
P. caroUninsis Monich WeisBensU 
P. nkgta itdUca Lodd. Cat. 
P. n&ra americdna Lodd. Cat. 
P. aaad4sca Lindl. 
? P. maryldndica Boac. 
Virginian Poplar, Swiu Poplar, CanO' 

dtan, or Beny-bearing, Popiar, Mill. 
PeupUer Suisse, PeupUer triphUon, Pev- 

pUer de Virginie, Dumont. 

Varieties 1t - - 1657 

2 Lindleyana Bootli. Tt 

The neto uraved-leaved Poptar, 
Hort. 

3 foliis varicgatis Hort, 2 

11. fastigiata 5 Italy 

pl.273. fig. 1519, 1520. 1660 

The fastigiate, or Lombardy, Poplar. 
P. dilatdta Ait. 
P. nlgra itdlica Du Roi. 
P. itaUca Mcench Weissenst. 
P. itdlica dilatdta Willd. 
P. pyramidAta Hort. 
P. punndnica Jacq. 
F. itiilica var. carolinSnsis Burgsdorf. 
Cypress Poplar, Turin Poplar, Po Pvpiar, 

PeupUer d'ltaUe, Peuplier pyramklaL, 

Fr. 
Lombardische Pappel, ItaUanische Pappel, 

Ger. 
Pioppo Cypresso, Ital. 

12. angul^ta AU, ^ North America 

pl. 274, 275. fig. 1533. 1670 

The tmglei-hranched, or CanMna, Poplar. 
P. angulosa Michx. 
P. heteroph^Ua Du Roi. 
P. macroph^Ua Lodd. Cat. 
P. baUamifera Mill. 
Mississippi Cotton Tree, Amer. 

Varieties X - - 1671 

2 nova Audibert' 5^ 

3 Mcdilikc Booth. ¥ 



CONTENTS. 



CXXlll 



13. heterophyJIa L. $ N. Am. f. 1534.. 1672 

The Tuious-«A^pctf.leaved Poplar Tree. 

F. milgna,Jbliis ttmpUs.tUmcordifortntbuSy 
aiiis smbrolundis, jtritnoribus tometUosis, 
Gron. 
F. cordifUia Burgsdorf. 
F. a/^iutea Hicbx. 
CoUo» Tree, Mlchx. N. A. S. 

14. bal&amffera L, 1 North America 

p1. 276. fig. 1535, 1536. 1673 

Tbeb«lNmi.beflrinK,Poplar, or Tacamahac Trec. 

P. Tacamah&ca MiU. 

The Tacamakac, Amer. 

/^ Basanier, Fr. 

PeupUer liard^ Tacamahac, in r.flnflHa, 

Balsam Pappel, Ger. 

VarUties^ii - - 1673 

2 vtminalls % Altal. 

F. viminalis I.odd. Cat. 
F. uUicifdUa Hort. 
F. kmg?Jotfa Fincher. 

3 latifolia Hort. 5 

4 intermedia IIorL 1t Dahuria 

5 suaveolens ^ 

F. suatiiolens Flicher, and Lodd. 
Cat. 

6 foliis vari^atis MiU. £ 

15. candicans AU. *i North America 

pl.277. fig.1557. 1676 
The whUish-leaved balsam-bearing, or Ontarto, 
Poplar. 

P. maeropMUa Lindl. 

F. iatifdlta Morach Meth. 

P. ontari^nsis Dcnf. 

P. cordAta Lodd. Cat. 

P. canadinsis Mcench Welssenst., uot of 

Michx. 
Baim cf Gilead Tree, Boston. 
Peupiier liard, Canada. 
PeupUcr a FcuiUes vemiuics, Fr. 



Bettildcea, 1 * 



- 1677 
" 1677 



L yf LNUS Toum. 1t A - 
Tbe Aloer. 

BStulie Speeies L. 
Aune, Fr 
Erle, Ger. 
Outano, Ital. 
Jliso, Span. 

1. glutindsa Gcertn. 3f Europe 

pl. 278. fig. 1538. 1678 
The glotinoai, or eommon, Alder. 
BAuhu AUnus L. 
B^lMfa emargiiiato Ehrh. 
A'tuut Ray. 
^«M, Fr. 

Gemeine Else, Elser, Schwarix Erle, Ger. 
Eisenboom, Dutcb. 
^lno, On/ano, Ital. 
AUso, Aiamo nigro, Span. 

Varietiet 5f - - 1678 

2 emarginata WiUd. £ 

3 laciniata Willd. $ 

A. f . tMc2ta Hort. fig. 1638. 

4 9uerciiolia WiUd. 1 

5 ozTacanthfefdlia ¥ iig. 1539. 

A. offfacanths^ia Lodd. Cat. 

6 macrocarpa ¥ 

A. macrocdrpa Lodd. Cat. 

7 foliis varicgatis Hort, ^ 
Other Varietics. 



2. (g.) oblongata K^f//</. ft 1f Hungary 

1687 

The obloBg-/<;av<tf Aldnr. 

A'lnus/dl. oUong., ^., Bauh. 
A.JU. oviUo-lanceoL, 4*«., MiU. 
Langliche Else, Ger. 

Fartrty Sl !t - - 1687 

2 foliis ellipticis Ait. A !f! 
A. pUmiia Ixidd. Cat. 

3. incina fTttfrf. S N. Am. f. 1543. 1687 
The hoarj-ieaoed Alder. 

B^tuia A'lmu var. ineina L. Sp. Pl. 
Bitula incina L. Supp. 
A.Jblio incdno, Ac, Bauh. 
Bitula viridis VQl. 

Weisse Erle, firaue Else, Weisse EOer, 
Ger. 

Varieties 't - - 1688 

2 laciniata Lodd. Cat, ¥ 

3 glaiica ± 

A. glaHca Michx. 

Bitnia incdna var. glaHca Ait. 

BfacA Alder, Amer. 

4 angulata .«^t/. 1L 

Other Varieties. 
' 1 

A. am^tcdna Lodd. Cat. 
?2. 

A. canadimis Lodd. Cat 
?3. 

A. rJ^Ara Lodd. Cat. 

4. serrulata Willd, * North Aroerica 

fig. 1544. 1688 

The wu-leaved Alder. 

Bitula serruldta Ait. 
B^tula rugdsa Ehrh. 
? A. americdna Lodd. Cat. 
? A. canadSnsis Lodd. Cat. 
Common AUer, Amer. 
Haxel-leaved AUcr. 

5. undulata Willd, A Canada - 1689 

The wAYed-leaved Alder. 
B^tula crispa Ait. 
Bitula A'lnus var^ crispa Micbz. 
A. crispa Pursh. 

6. cordifolia Lodd. t Calabria 

pl. 281. fig. 1545. 1689 
Tbe heart-leavbd Alder. 
A. eordata Tenore. 

7. viridis Dec, A Hungary f. 1546. 168 

The green-foaveif Alder. 

A. ovdta Lodd. Bot. Cab. 
A.Jrutiodsa Schmidt. 
Bitula ovita Schrank. 
Bitula A'lno-B6t%ila Ebrh. 
Bitula viridis Hort. 

App. i. Other Species of A.'lnu8, 1 690 

i«. obtiMdiblte aowfe. B«nln of the Jnmna. 



n. .BE'TULA Toum. * * 

ThB BlRCH. 

Eouleau, Fr. 

BftuUi, lUl. 

Abedui, Span. 

BetuUa, Port. 

Birke, Ger. 

Berk, Dutch. 

Birk, Danish and Scotch. 

Biork, Bork, Swedish. 

Beresa, Kussian. 

Brzoxa, Polish. 

O 2 



- 1690 



cxxiv 



CONTENTS. 



LeapasnuM. NoHffe» chUfijf pf Europe. 

1. 4lba L. 5 Europe f. 1547. 1550. 1691 

Thc whlte, or common, Birch. 
B. puMteent Ehrh. . 

B. eetninMU B«fln. 
/totfi^aff aMmRtN», Fr. 
Gememe Birke, Gr. 

rartrfie* 5 - - 1691 

2 p^ndula Sm. !t pl. 282. 
Th« weeping Blrch. 

B. pindnia Rotb. 

B. tfermcota Bhrh. 

B. phtdnli* virguUs Loei. 

3 pubdsocns If fig. 1548. 

B. pubesccns Ehrh. 

4 p6ntica 3t fig. 1549. 

B. pdntica Lodd. Cat. 

5 «rticUolia J. 

B. nrtiaJiUia Lodd. Cat. 

6 dalccftrUcm L. Sa^. 'jt 

7 nuumnlrpa ITUM. ^ 
8f6lilsTaricgktUOviRaii<. jt 

Otber Varieties. 

2. daurica PaU. * 5 Dauria f. 1556. 1704 

Thc Daurfan Birch. 

B. excil$a canadhuit Wang. 
Souleau dfi Sih&rie^ Fr. 

Faric/y * 5f - - 1705 

2 parvifolia A *t 

3. fruticosa Pa/7. • Eastern Siberia, &c. 

fig. 1557. 1705 

The ihrubby Blrch. 

B. k\tmiU» Schrank. 

B. quebecchuia Schrift. der Ges. Naturf. 

4. pumila L. 'a Canada fig. 1558. 1705 
The kairy dwarf Blrcb. 

B. ndna Kalm. 

5 nana Ir. A Lapland, &c. f. 1559. 1705 
ThedwarfBirch. 

B. n&na Suecdmm Bromel. 

B. No. 2S9. Amm. Ruth. 

B. paUstri* pHmila^ 4pe., Cel«. 

Variety A - - 1706 

2 stricU Lodd. Cai. m 

6. glandulosa Michx. m Canada * - 1707 

The g\au±alu-bnnektd Birch. 

Leatte* large. Natioes ef Sortk America. 

7 (a.) populifolia Ait. 1 North America 

pl.283. fig. 1560. 1707 
The Poplar-leaTCd Birch. 
B. aeumindta Ehrh. 
B. Unia Du Roi. 
IVkiU Birck and Oi^field Birck, Amer. 

VarieHea 1t - -1707 

2 laciniuta It 

B. laciniita Lodd. Cat. 

S p^ndula ¥ 

B. pMula Lodd. Cat. 

8. papyrkcea Aii. 5f North America 

pl.284. fig.1561. 1708 

The Piqwr Birch. 

B. papyrifera Michx. 

B. lanceoWa Hort. 

B. rkbra Lodd. Cat. 

B. canadinsis Lodd. Cat. 

B. n)gra of the Pari» NurserieR. 

Canoe Birck, White Birch, Amer. 



Varielies 1t - - 1708 

2 ittBca Y Carolina. 

B.fi$€m B(m% 

3 tricboclada Hort. ¥ 

4 platyph^lhi Hor/. ^^ 

9. nigral/. 4 NorthAmerica 

pl. 285, 286. fig. 1562, 1563. 1710 

The black Birch. 

B. lanuidsa Michx. Fl. 
? B. riU>ra Michx. Arb. 
B. amndhta IiOdd. Cat. 
Red Birck, Amer. 

10. exc^lsa H. Kew. !t Nortii America 

fig. 1564, 1565. 1711 

The tall Birch. 

B. liJea Michx. 
? B. n\gra Du Roi. 
Yellow Birek, Amer. 

11. lentai. * N.Amer. f. 1566. 1713 

The pliant Birch. 

B. carpinifblia Ehrh. 
B. nigra Du Roi. 

lOackBirck, Ckerry Birek, Canada Birek, 
Sweet Birck, Mountaiu Makogany. Amer. 
Bouleau MMsier, Fr. 

App. i. Speciei qf Bireh not yd introdmeed. 

1714 

B. BhqfpMra Wall. Kanuu». 
B. acumfiikU H^o//. Ncpal. 
B. nitida. Kamaon. 
B. cTUndTostiwhva. KamaoD. 
B. rcsiiiffiEn. Kaiiawar. 



Cort/ldce^Bi or CupuUfer<B> I7 15 

t 1 » • •• 

I. QUE'RCUSL. * 1 * «^ 1715. 1717 

Tbk Oak. 

IVer Toum. 

Skher Tourn. 

Derw, Celtic. 

Aaaek, Ac, Saxon. 

Al, Alony AUun, Hebrew. 

Drus, Greek. 

CA^, Fr. 

Eicke, Ger. 

JStir, Dutch. 

Quercia, Ital. 

JEMctfMi, Span. 

A. Leatea deciduout. 

§ i. Ro6«r. British Oaka. 1 1730, 17S1 

L pedunculata H^itfrf. 5^ Britain 

pl. 297, 288, 289. fig. 1567. 1581, 
1582. - - 1731. 1740 

Thc common, or pedunded, Brititk Oak. 

Q. ndbur L. 

Q. R. peduneuiiUmn Mart. 

Q.fie^mina Rotfa. 

Q*raeemdsa N. Du Ham. 

Q. eum longo penduneulo Bauh. 

Q. H^iiMrM Dalech. 

Quircus Fuchs. 

Q. navitUs Burnet. 

ChSite hlanc, Secondat. 

Chine d Grappes, CkfnefemeUe, Graveiin, 

Stiei Eicke, ftUk Eicke, Tkai Eiche, Loke 
Eiche, WatdEiehe, Ger. 



CONTENTS. 



cxxv 



Vcaietitt I 

2 pub^ens iMkL Cat, f 

3 fastigiata 1 pl. 290. 

Q./att9giiUa Lam. Dict» 
Q. p^ramid^ Hort. 
CMne 



PaRB 

1731 



Fr. 



Cypris^ Ckine det Pyrinies, 



4 p^ndula t fig. 1568. 
'Tbe weeplng Oak. 

Q. pMfUa Lodd. Cat. 

5 heterophjlla 1 fig. 1560. 1570. 

Q. aaHcifdUa Hort. 
Q. lacmiAta Lodd. Cat. 
Q. UUdfAUa Hort. 
^ Q- i^enn^Mi Bvr/. 

6 foliis variegatis Lodd, CaL 1 

7 purpiirea ^ 

Q. purpiu-ea Lodd. Cat. 

8 Hodginstt Iodd.Cat. !^ 

9 dfilcia. ¥ 

CMm tf ItndllM emimque$, prtt^ tettiUs, 
Drak*. 

Other Varieties. 

2. s^liflora &z^ !t^ Britfdn pl. 291, 292, 

293. fig. 1572, 1585, 1586 - 1736 
The gcsaUe-flowered Oak. 
Q. ndbur WUld. 
Q. R. MT. siuiie Bfart. 
Q. «#«n7M Ehrh. 

Q. plaimkfllos, mat eifcem.^ Dalech. 
Q. iatMlia mas, ^., Baah. 
Q. ftydiif Bumet. 
CUm twi^ff, SecoDdat. 
Cheetmnt Oak^ Bag Oai. 
ChSne roure or rouwet Jhirelin, Fr. 
SleineEieke, Gemeine Eicke^ Smii EicMe, 
Wiuter Eicke, Dmr Eicke^ Roik Eicke, 
Berg Eicke, Ger. 
Querda vera^ Ital. 
BMe, Span. 

Farietiet 5 - - 1736 

2 pub^ens 1t fig. 1573. 
Q. t. var. fi Sm. 
Q. pubitcent WiUd. 
Q. R. ImMgmdmm Lana. Dlct. 
ne Durmatty SCart. Fl. Riut. 

Oiker Varieties - - 1737 

1 Le Chene a Troehets, or Chene 

k petits Glands, Bote. 

2 Le Chene a Feuiiles decoup^es, 

j9o«c. 

3 Le Chdne laineux, or Ch^ne des 

Collines, Botc. 

4 Le Chene noiratre, Bose. 

Mr. Bree*s Varieties. - 1738 



3. pyrenaica fVUid, ^ 



Pyrenees 
£g. 1696. 1842 



The^^renean Oak. 
Q. Taftsin Fert. 
Q. nigra Thore. 
Q. Toaa Bosc. 
Q. stolon^fera Lapcyr. 
Ckine noir, Secondat. 

VarieHet • - 1844 

1 With large aeoms, on pedun- 

cles, axillary and terminal, 
iV. Du Hanu 

2 With axillary acorns of a middle 

size, i\r. Vu Ham, 



Pawe 

3 With small acomSf on long ra- 

cemes, N. Du Ham. 
Q. TaHxin lacini&ta Desvatu. 
Q. TatbUn digit^ta Dettaux. 

4. apennlna JLam. 1L Lyons fig. 1698. 1844 

"nie ApMUilnc Oak. 

(L eonglamurtta Pcn. 
Chtme UvenuU, Fr. 

5. J^sculus L. S South of Europe 

pl. 294. fig. 1699, 1670. 1844 
The Esculiu, or Italian, Oak. 

Vkdgus E'scuhtt mat etfcem. Dalech. 
Ckinegrec, Fr. 

Varieties - . 1845 

§ ii. Cirris. Motsy-cuppedt ot Turhey^ Oaks. 

1 t 1730.. 1846 

6. C^rris L. 5 France 

pl. 295, 296, 297. fig. 1702. 1846 
The bitier, or mMty-cuppedy Oak. 
Q. crmlto n andklAan. Dict. 
Q. Halipklet^^ot Jusi. 
Q. imi^undiaea, Src, Bauh. 
Q. Cirrit FUnil, Jv., Lob. 
Cfrrut Dalech. 
Tke Turkey Oak, tke Iron or Waintcot 

Oak. 
Ckine Cerrit, Ckine de Bourgogne, Fr. 
Bui^undiscke Eioke, Cerr-eicke, Ger. 

Varieties 1t - - 1847 

* FbUage deeiaaout, 

a. Leaieet pimnati/ld or tinuated. Cupt 
qf tke Aoomt motty. 

1 vulffaris 1t fig. 1702. 

Q. C.frondita lliU. 

Subvarietiet $ 
See fig. 1 703, 1 704, 1 705, and 

1706. inp. 1846, 1847. 

2 p^ndula Nein, 1t fig. 1707. 
The pendulous, or weeping, Turkey 

3 variegata Lodd, Cat. 1t 

b. Leavet dentate. Cupt qftke Acomt 
brittly. 

4 austriaca i fig. 1708. pl. 298. 

Q. auttrtaca Willd. 

Q. Cirrit Host, • and /3 No. 28. 

Q. erin\ta y Cfrris L. 

Q. ccUyce Mtpido,' a^c, Bauh. 

Cdrrus CIus. 

Cirriminifris rdmulus cum flire, 

Ger. 
C Ati* i>ffnli »m'Aor^ gldnde Lob. 
E'gHops mindregldnde Dod. 
Uali/Mes^os Cirris fae^mina Da- 
lech. 

5 cana m^jor S fig. 1709. 

Q. cdna m^for IxMld. Cat. 

6 c^na minor i, 

Q. cdiMi mhwr Lodd. Cat. 

7 Ragnal 't 
The Ragnal Oak. 

Q. jr4fiM/Lodd.Cat. 

•• Foliage subevergreen. Leaves deniate. 
Aeomt toitk britUy Cupt. 

8 fulham^nsis I pl. 299, 300, 

301. fig. 1710^ 1711. 
Tbe Fulham Oak. 
Q. C. dentHta WaU. 
Q. C. k^brida vat. dcnluta Swt. 



CXXVl 



CONTENTS. 



9 Lucombeana 1t pl. 303. S03, 
304, 305. fig. 1712, 1713, 
1714. 
The Lucombe Oak. 
Q. Lucombeinti Swt. 
Q. exoni^U Lodd. Cat. 
The Evergreen Turkey Ook^ the 
Devottskire Oak, the Eteter Oak. 

%** Foliage ewrgreen^ or veryneartff $o. 
I^eaves varyingfrom dentaie to thuuUe. 
CupM qfthe Aeoms bristly. 

10 L. crispa i pl. 306. fig. 1715. 

1717. c, 1718. 
The new Lucombe Oak. 

Q. LucombeiiTM. crispa Hort. 

11 L. suberosa 1 fig. 1717a. 

Q. L. suberdsa Hort. 

12 L. incisa f. fig. 1717. ft. 

Q. L. inclsa Hort 

13 L. dent^ta 1 fig. 1716. 

Q. L. dentiUa Hort. 

14 heterophylla 1 fig. 1719. 

Q. L. heteroph^Ua Hort. 

Other Varieties, 

Q. C, bullata. 

Tbe bliateredf or rough-leaned^ Turkey 
Oak. 

Q. C. dentata p^ndula. 

7. JS^gilops Zf. "i. Greece, &c. 

pl. 307, 308. fig. 1721. 1861 
The ^gUopi, or Vaionia, Oak. 
Q. orientdlis, 8cc., Toum. 
X/gilops sive Cirrus mds C. Baoh. 
VeTini Toum. 
Gldns Cirri Dalcch. 
The Great Prickly-cuppcd Oak. 
Chhte Velani, Fr. 
Chine Vclanide, Bosc. 
Knopper Eiche, Ger. 

Viarieties 3t - - 1862 

2 pendula Ijt 

3 latifolia Hort. *i: 

§ iii. A^ibiB. IVhite American OaJts, $ 

1730. 1863 

8. alba L. 5 North America pl. 309. 

fig. 1722.0, 1723. 1726,1727. 1864 
The American white Oak. 
Q. dlba virginictna Park. 
Q. a. pinnat{[Uia Walt 
Q. palustris Manh. 
Chine blanc de rAmirique, Fr. 
Weisse Eiche, Ger. 

Varieties 3J - - IS64 

1 pinnatlfida Michx. 3f f.l723. a. 

Q. dlba Ban. 

Q. virginidna Catesb. 

Q. a.palustris Margh. 

2 repindA Michx, 3f fig. 1723. 6, 

1724. 

9. oliv»r6niii8 Mickx, t Banks of tbe 

Hudson - fig. 1730. 1869 

The oUve-shaped-/r»t'/nf American Oak. 
The mossy-cupped Oak, Amer. 

10. macrocarpa WiUd, t United States 

• pl.310. fig. 1722.5,1731. 1869 

The large-ftiiifced American Oak. 

Thcover.cup tohiie Oak, Bur Oal, Amer. 
Chine a gros Olands, Chincfris^, ¥r. 
Oross-fruchUge Eiche, Ger. 



Pace 

11. obtusiloba Michx. 1 North America 

pl. 311. fig. 1732. 1722. c. 1870 
llie blunt-lobed-i^aMKf , or Post, Oak. 

Q. $unata wiiid. 

Iron Oak, Box white Oak, Ameriean Tttr- 
key Oakt Upland tfhite Oakt Amer. 

12. lyrhta Walt. t North America 

fig. 1733, 1734. 1871 
llie lyrate, or over-cup, Oak. 

Swamp Fosi Oak, fVater white Oak, Amer. 

§ iv. Frlnus, ChutnviOaks, 3f 1730. 1872 

13. Prinus L, ^ North America 1872 
The Prinas» or Chettnui-leaved^ Oak. 

Varietiet, 5 

1 palustris Michx. FL !£ pl. 312. 

fig. 1735. - 1872 
Q. F. palAstris Michx. Sjl. 
Q. Frinos L. 

Q. costaneaifiliis, ^c^ Pluk. 
The Swamp Chestnut Oak, tke 
Chestnut ufhite Oak. 

2 montioola Michx. FL ¥ pl.313. 

fig. 1736. - - 1873 

Q. P. monHcola Michx. fil. 
Q. monidna WlUd. 
Q. Frinus Sm. 
The Rock Chestnut Qak. 

3 acuminata Michx. FL *? f. 1 737. 

1875 
Q. P. acuminAta Michx. fil. 
Q. CasiAnea WUId. 
7'he yeUow Oak. 

4 ptkmila Michx, FL 1 fig. 1738. 

1722. e. - 1875 

Q. P. Chinquapln Michx.JU. 
Q. Chlnquapin Pursh. 
Q. prinoMcs WiUd. 
The Chinquapin, or Dwarf Chesf- 

nut.Oak. 

5 tomentosa Michx. FL 5 pl. 314 , 

fig. 1722. tL 1739. 1876 
Q. P. discolor Micbx. fil. 
Q. bicotor WiUd. 
Q. MichaHzi NuU. 
The Swamp white Oak. 

§ V. RiUtra. Red Ameriean Oahs. $ 

1730. 1877. 

14. rtibra L, 1t North America pl. 315, 

316, 317. fig. 1740. to 1744. 1877 
The red, or Champion, Oak. 

Q. V/sculi divisurd, ^c, Pluk. 

Farietiei 5 - - 1877 

Q. rCkbra latifoiia ± 

Q. rUbra L. 

fhe Champion Oak. 
Q. rikbra montkna S 
The mountain red Oak. 

15. coccfnea WtUd, 3! South America 

pl. 318, 319. fig. 1746, 1747, 174S. 

1879 

Th€ Bcarlet Oak. 

Q. ritttra fi Alt. 

16. ambigua Wiitd. * North America 

pl.320. fig. 1749. 1881 
The ainbiguom, or grcy, Oak. 
Q. boredlis Michx. 



CONTENTS. 



CXXVll 



Pafe 

17. falcata Michjr. t North America 

fig. 1750, 1751. 1882 
Tbe t]ckle-shaped« or Spamsh, Oak. 
Q. dtaeolor Aft. 
Q. ekmgdta WUId. 
Q. iifriUa Lodd. Cat. 
Q. ctMraAi Wang. 
Q. iHtoda WiUd. 
7^ doumy-Uaved Oak. 

18. tinctoria fFi/W. 5 North America 

pl.321. fig. 1753, 1754. 1884 
The QuereHron^ or Dyer's Oak. 
Q. rirghuana^ 4rc., Pluk. 
Q. «Msco/or WUld. 
Tke black Oak, Amex. 
Chine des Teinturier*, Fr. 

FarietieMl - - 1885 

1 angulosa AficAx. ± f. 1753, 1754 

Q. nigra Pursh. 
Q. americdna Pluk. 
Q. vekUina Lam. Dict. 
Q. tinctdria Biirt. 

2 sinuosa JWicAx. 5 fig. 1755, 

1756, 1757. 
Q. isl^a Wang. 

19. palustris WUld, t North America 

pl.322. fig. 1758, 1759. 1887 

Tbc Marsh. or Pin, Oak. 
Q. montHna Lodd. Cat. 
Q. Amislcrl Lodd. Cai. 

20. Catesb^^j Willd. i North America 

fig. 1762, 1763. 1889 
The harren Scrub Oak. 

Q. riibra fi Abb. and Sra. 
Q. EfseulidivisUra, fc, Cat. 

§ tI Nlgree. Black American Oais. !t a 

1730. 1890 

21. nigra L, 5 North America 

fig. 1764, 1765. 1890 
The Uack Jack Oak. 

Q. maryl^ndica, *c., Ray. 
Q./errufiinea Michx. 
Q. aqudiica Lodd. Cat. 
Barrens Oak^ Amer. 

22. aqndtica Soland. 1t North America 

fig. 1767. 1892 
Tbe Water Oak. 

Q.JUiis euneifdrmibus, S^c., Gron. 
Q./b/io non serrato, 8tc., Cat. 
Q. «lera Willd. 
Q. uligindsa Wangb. 

Varieties 3C - - 1892 

2 nkna 5 fig. 1767. 
The dwartiagged Oak. 
Q. aquatica Sm. 
Q. a. ehngdta Alt. 
Q. dentata Bart. 
Q. SM/M WUld. 

S maritima Michx. *t 

Q. Aemispka^rica WUId. 

OMcr Varieties. 
Seefig. 1767,1768. 

23. ilicifblia fFan^A. a North America 
^ fig. 1770. 1893 

Tbe HoUT-leared, or Bear^ Oak. 
Q. Banisteri Mickx. 
? Q. aoudtica Abb. et Sm. 
fi/tfc* 5rrtt6 0«*, Dira;/ red Oak, Amrr. 



24. heterophjlla Michx. ^ N. Amer. 18^4 

The Taiioiu-lflaTed, or BaHram'tt Oak. 

25. agrifolia WiUd. A North America 1894 

Tbe prickly-lcared itiiwricM Onk. 

§ vii. VliSUos. WiUowOaka. 17.m 1894 
£ A j« 

26. Phellos L. 5 North America 

pl.323. fig. 1771. 1894 
The Willow Oak. 

Q. virgini^na, ^c, Pluk. 
Q. Vle* maryldndica Ray. 

Farieties I • - - 1895 

1 sylviticus Michx. * fig. 1774. 

2 latifolius Lodd. Cai. 1? pl. 324. 

3 haroilis Pursh. Ml 

4 serfceus jsm 

Q. PkeiiM Hm. 

Q. P. ptraitfMj MlcbT. 

Q. Avmilior ttllitUfhUii hrMor. 

Tht HitiUamd WiUon Oak. 

U. arr/rra WilM. 

Q. piimila Michx. 

T*e ruttaing Oak. 

6 clndreus. Jj» ft flg. 1773. 

;. P. J9 tintrtuM Ait. 
1. AAmi/f« Wait. 
I. ciatrta Wllld. 
'Ae cr;«/iiM/ WUlon Oak. 
G marltiraus Michx. 
Q. maTOrtiM Wilid. 

27. (P.) /aurifOlia WUld. 1 N. America 

fig. 1776. 1897 
llio Laurel-leared Oak. 

The Laurel Oak^ Swamp WiUoto Oak. 

Vanety 1t - - 1897 

2 h^brlda Miehx. 5 flg. 1775. 

Q. 1. «. oMmm Alt. 

28. imbricata WUld. 1t North America 

fig. 1777. 1898 
The Shlngle Oak. 

Q. latifbtia Hort. 

Laurel Oak, Field-Cup Oak, Jack Oak, 

BlackJack Oak, Amer. 
Chine d Lattes^ Fr. 

B. Leaves evergreen. 
§viii. Vlex. Holmjor HoUy.Oaks. f • 1899 
a. Natives qf Europe. 

29. riex L. f South of Europe 

pJ.325. fig. 1781. 1899 
The common evergreen, or Holm, Oak. 
Tlex arbtn-ea Bauh. 
V Yeuse, or Chine vert^ Fr. 
Steine Eichc, Ger. 
i:/rcr, Ital. 
Encina, Span. 

Varieties f. - - 1899 

1 integrifolia f. 

&m\lax, Dutch. 
Silber secvndus Matth. 

2 «erratifolia Lodd.Cat. f f.l778 

rtex Matth. 

S/agifoIiaZorfe/.Cfl/. t il f. 1779. 
PhiUodrys Mattli. 
Vlex, No. 3. Du Ham. 

4 crispa Lodd. Cat. t m 

5 latifolia Lodd. Cat. t pl. 396. 

fig. 1780. 
Q. I. obldnga Hort. 



CXXVUl 



CONTENTS. 



6 longifolia Lodd. CaL 

pL327. 
Q. I. uUiciJblia Hort. 

7 variegata Hort. f. tk 
Other Varieties 



Pase 



- 1900 



c. Naiives of Nepal. 



Page 



30. Bairota Desf. • Barbary 

fig. 1783, 1784. 1905 

The tweet Acom Oak. 
? r^ mAfor Clua. 
CA^iu; a Glands doux, ChSne Battote^ Fr. 

31. gramuntia Zr. f • Spain, &c. 

pl.328. fig. 1787, 1788. 1906 
The HoUti-leaved Grammont Oak. 

? TkxfdHi* rotvndiiiribus, ^c, Magn. 
CMne de Grammoni^ Fr. 
Wallenblattrige Eicke, G<fr. 
Encina dtUce^ Gouetta^ Span. 

32. cocdfera L. • South of Europe 

fig. 1789, 1790, 1791, 1792. 1908 
The KerTnes, or Berry-bearing, Oak. 
Vlex coceifera Cam. 
Viex aculedta cocdgland^a Garid. 
rtex coccigeraj Ger. 
Chine aux Kermes^ Fr. 
Kermes Eicke, Ger. 

33. pseiido-coccifera Desf. 1 • Algiers 

fig. 1794. 1911 

The f»l« bernr-beKlnn, or Ktrma, Oak. 
CftAw a/tai* KermM, Fr. 

34. 5uber L. t South of Europe 

pl. 329, 330. fig. 1797, 1798. 1800. 

1911 

The Cork Tree. 
SUber Cam. 
Si,ber Frlnus Matth. 
SUber latifbUum^ ^c, Du Ham. 
CWntf Licge, Fr. 
Kork Eiche, Ger. 
Alcomoque, Span. 

Varieties t - - 1911 

2 latifolium f 

Sdfter latifblium^ 4rc., Bauh. 

3 angustifdlium t ng. 1798. 

SftA^ a}^gW<C^^'«m Bauh. 

4 dentatum 1 pl. 331. fig. 1797. 

Q. PseHdo-Sltberof Muswell HIU. 



35. Pscudo-5uber Desf, t Tuscany, &c. 

fig. 1801. 1917 

The Falw-Cork Oak. 

CMnefaux Liige, Chine de GtbraltOTt Fr. 
Undchte KorkEiche, Gcr. 

b. Katives qfNorth America. 
§ ix. Viriwtes. Live Oakt. f 1730. 1918 

36. viren» Ait. t North America 

pl.332. fig. 1802, 1803. 1918 
The green, or Live, 0&. 
Q. FMUos L. 
Q. semperv\rens Banitter. 

37. myrtifolia WiUd. f Carolina - 1920 

The Myrtlc-lcBTcd Oak. 



§ X. Lanata:. WooUy, or downy, leaved 

Oaks. t 1730. 1920 

38. lanata Sm. 1 Upper Nepal 

fig. 1804. 1920 

The woolly-^ovAl Nepai Oak. 
Q. lanugind$a D. Don.. 
Q. Binja Ham, MSS. 
? Q. obiongdta D. Don. 
? Q. incdna Royle. 

39. annulata /^f?}. f Upper Nepal 

fig. 1805. 1921 
The ring-ctfpptfd Oak. 

Q. PhuMU Ham. MSS. 
? Q. Kamro6pii D. Dou. 
Q. glauca Lodd. Cat. 
? Q. glauca Thunb. 
? Q. acutnmiUa Hort. 

App. i. Oakt in British Gardens, nd rtfer- 
aMe, vtith certatnty, to any of the tAove 
SecHont. 11- - - 1922 

40. Turnen Willd. 5 Thibet f. 1806. 1922 

Tunier*8 Oak. 

Q. hibrida Hort. 
Chine de Tumer, Fr. 
Tumerseiu Eiche, Ger. 

41. hybrida nana ^ Hybrid 

fig. 1810, 1811. 1924 

The dwarf hybrid Oak. 

Q. h^brida Lodd. Cat. 

A hybrkt between Q. peduncutiUa and Q. 

riex, Uort. Soc.Gard. 
Q. hUmUis Hort. 
Q. ndna Hort. 

42. Fontanesu Guss. "t Caiabria 

fig. 1813. 1925 

Detfontaine*s Oak. 

Q. pseiulo-coee^fiera of CatroE. &c. 

43. ? australis Lhtlc. ± Gibraltar 

fig. 1814. 1925 
The southera Oak. 

44. Co6kn t Gibraltar fig. 1815. 1926 

Captain Cook*i Oak. 

45. falkenbergensis Booth. 5t Falkenberg 

1926 
The Falkenberg Oak. 

App. ii. European kinds of Oaks, not yet in^ 

troduced. - - 1926 

Q.J^KbMLam. Spaln. lljc.1816 
Q. Kiri/omfN^a L«m. IMrt. 
PMhdry' atba OHguttifitHA, tre., Dalec^. 

o. «cii^n^JftU» ^^*' Sp«"^ 

Q. kitpdfiea Um. Wct. 

CMmdFeuaietfegUopefBote. 
Q. Br6ua Bo«c. BMw«ei PteiKiMU and Bordnax. 

Otfme Bmwe, «l Nantes. 

Ch/tte lurin, Banami. 
O. Timinkli» Bn*-. Juni. ^ „ . ^ 

CMne SetUe, CMn» Otier, CUne ie Hme, Yt. 
Q. tsoen. Boee. 

U Otfnt dfTt, FV. 
CMne Lfwrmien, Botc. 
Ch*ne Castlllan, Booc. fipain. 
Q. IttiitAnlea Lamb. PortuRsl. fig. 1817. 

Q. ralenan» C«t. 

JlMwr 4., and HbftMT 5., riut. 

GiiUa, lirt Rbbier m^. Uer., «d GiUtH wAmitrGtr. 

The Partwnete Gtdl Oak. 

Ch^e Hu Partttgal, Fr. 



CONTENTS. 



CXXIX 



6. «xpbua Polr, 
^nCoadiC 

ni ttm md b amJ SmaaUi Oak. 

ChfmAPtmUUt romdm. 



Pag* 



Q. «Mtm vto «^iMrnM Banh. 
RMvr 7., m» CL>Miiilia Clui. 



App. iii. Afncan Oaks which have not yet 
been introdueed. - 1 928 



«. oMfetA iVr. 



App. iv. Oofo o/ Asia Minor and Persia not 
yet introduced, - 1 928 



^Ottv. fif. 1819, 18W. 

^ctrUmauWmd. 

OAw * Ualteay Fr. 

Avftcr £!uAe. Gcr. 
«.UfatelOiw. Moant LcbanoB. flc. 18S6. 
^dViUirau. Cannmia. " 

? rfar acaMla, *»., Tooxn. 
^ ifcfcio ahg. 0«ir||ia. 
9. «■■awR Ua C. ^. Jf^tvr. Mazandma. 
»iniMipmriF)MdL Tattary. 



App. V. Simalayan Oaks not yet introduced. 

1933 

(t A^cala JSom. JTSS. 
O. milniiftHa P. Dmu Nepal 
^jpaMllMiaZ>. JSisa. Ncpal. fig. 1889. 

yW M a gm t Ua ia a vml Qak. 
^^a^mtiomL&iL TaTosr. fiK.1830. 
^.laaHilteaSn. Ncpil. ««.1831. 

Q. faiii |- |*l ii Ham. MS8. 
«. aaoiionpiftUa Sm. Nepai. flg. I»t. 
\aam.MSS. 



App. vi. OoAtf o/* Japem, Cochin- China, and 
C^ina, which havt not yet been introducecL 

1935 



MT. Cecliiii.Chlna 
Japaa. 
JapBD. 
Japaa. 

f w JH KjKBpf. 

Jtel. rafa* Sri ao nTknnpr. 
Vttmna» Vr^mtid Kaanpr. 
^utetteaTteaA. Japan. 

Kaku Kjeiapl. 

#!ekvi*tsAM^ NcarPakln. 



App. Tii. Ottks of Java, Sumatra, and the 
Moiueea Isles, not yet introduced, - 1 936 



9- 
9 



Javs. flg,18S3«183l. 
Oak. 

flff.1836. 
ftaatyOak. 

filmtf. Gcdi. flf.I8U. 
- rnrfOak. 

Ood*. flff. 1837, 1838. 

~'Mtf. Baatam. fig. 183S. 
itOidc. 
itAifa JtfMar. Oodd. fig. 1840. 
Onk. 



. Ocdtf. flg.l84S. 
lacrfOak. 



fiir. 1841. 1843. 
rOak. 

fig. 1844. 

Tbc iaaiid4«i«Bd Oak. 
9. t^tfctrpm aimmae. Baatam. fig. 1846. 

nc biQad-fimltad Oak. 
» JHiliiiniilia ai— r. Bantam. fig.184». 

TErOaphM^ikcOak. 
A taeaa^ak Bm^lc Bomatra. 
»MBidTffl»iaaiMiM. 8alak,te. fig.1847. 

Thc f l a 4lMM«red Oak. 
9fa^kta«bM. Qmdi. fig.lA4S. 

Thc «aih «■ ■ Md Oak. 
«■■iMaUrkA^n*. Samatra. 



The flaae MolHcca Oak. 
9. noltlooa L. Molooea lalek 

TbeMolaeGaOak.' 
9. tarbiaku Bbnm. Salak. fig.lSdO. 

The k»p.^ped.«tiMed Oak. 
9. UnaktateMnr. Java. fis.1831. 

The parallel.vcincd Oak. 



Page 



App. 



vui. 



Mexican Oaks not yet introdueed, 

1941 

NewSpain. flg. 185S. 



uUw^niitirMnk tl Bottp. 

'. gUuo«g«na A^mS. Wbmw.' Mexlco. fig.11858. 
>. obtiua Bumb. ti Bonp. Nra Spain. ficTlSM. 
'. pandurku J7Miii. tt Boap. fig. 1855, l856. 
. rapinda/rMRfr. «( Boxp. NcwSpaia. fig.1857. 
tairina Hami,. tt Bomp. New SpalD. fig. 1858. 
ciderOzyU JSrimift. tt Boap. New^rain. fig. 1860. 
- mezftckna JErMRfr. itf Bmjk Mexieo\fig. 1661. 
.criMlpeB«nguttlfbUa£rMHfr.«tBMip. Arlo. flg. 1859. 
).ertaipesJ7iiMA.«l AMp. Ario. fig.lSfiS. 
). lanoeolfcta ff iMtfr. itf Aonp. New Spain. fig.1863. 
reticulkta fiMi5. tl Boav. New Spato. fig. 1865. 
chiTwphyUa JErwni. << Ame. fig.l864. 
pukOi^ Amifr. tt Bomp. T^ew^paln. fig. 1866. 
■picfcta J7iMi». <f aonp. Nab^}ai. flg. 1867. 
•dpnJkils J7IMI&. «t BoRB. Mezloo. lig. 1868. 
i.craHi&liaJiriaiift.e<fio«p. New Spain. fig. 1869. 
'. demtea Hmr6. e( fioap. Malco. fig.1871. 
I. ambfgua I7MR& c( fioR0. Mexioo. fig.1870. 
'. confenlfiilia AmrIi. tl Boim. New Spoin. flg. 187t. 
' trtdoM Hmn». tt Bamp. New Spatai. fig.!l879. 
I. acutiAlia WUld. New Spain. ^. 1874. 
'. elUptica irUU. Mexico. ^ 
'. mucnMikM WiUi. New Spaln. 
Q. Cai«ARM Nee. 
Q. tomcntbca irUM. New Spain. 

Q. pcAmeiibtrif Nee. 
}. elretekta WUU. New Spain. 
>. cplAident IKll/<i. NewSpain. 
' rugbca IFitt</. HnifenlllcauadOcinla. 
macroph/Ua wmd. New Spain. 
diTcnttbUa irau. NewSpaibi. 
eJtndicaitt WUld. New Hpoin. 
microph/Ila mi/il. New^paln. 
V. lobkta H^lif . NewSpain.^ 
0. magnoUoAlw WiUd. Mesiflo. 
9.\ttemmUd. Mezlco. 

The Tellow.r«BWif JVttnoea Oak. 
9. «allcifeUa H^IIU. Mexico. 
Tbe WiUow.lcaTod JHMcan Oak. 



1715. 1949 



II. FA>QV^ Zr. at t - 

Thb Bsbch. 

Pagu* of the Ronuuu. 
Oxua of the Greeks. 
Castdnea Toum. 
Hitre, Fr. 
BueJ^t Ger. 
Beuke, Dutch. 
Bog, Dan. 
Bok, Swed. 
Buk, Rius. and Fol 
PaggiOf Ital. 
Haya, Span. 
Paya, Port. 



A. Capsule muricate, eMuul^/brm. Ovaries £ 
Yo%tng Uttoes pUcate. 

NatlTet of Europe, and of North and^South Amerlcs. 
a. Speeies in CuUHtation in British Gardens. 

1. sylv&tica L, £ Europe - 1950 

The Wood, or common, Beedi. 
CasUtnea Fdgus, Scop. 
F4;^Banh. 
F. sylvdstris Michx. 
O^xya, Greek. 
Pdgus, Latin. 
HHre commtm, Fr. 
Gemeine Buche, G«r. 
Rood-beuket Dutch. 

Varieties 1t . • ] 950 

2 purpikrea Ait, S 
The purple Beech. 

F. s. 2. iUro-^itbens Du Roi. 
Helre noir, Fr. 

3 ciiprea Lodd, Cat. 1t 
The copper-coloured Beech. 

P 



cxxx 



CONT£NTS. 



Paoc 

4 roUu varMgitM Lodd, Cat. $ 

5 heteropb^lU X fifl. 1875, 1876. 
The various, or cif<,7e«ved Beecli. 

F. «. lactmdia Lodd. Cm. 
F. «. «iia^iHld/Mi Lodd. Oat 
F. *. mcUa Hort. 
F. s. uUicifAUa Hort. 
£;^<r« 4 FeuilUi d€ Saule^ Fr. 

6 crittita Lodd. Cat. pl. 334. 

fig. 1877. 
Tbe crested, or curMi-ieawtd^ Beech. 
F. «. erispa Hort. 
HHrc Crite de Coq, Pr. 

7 iitfndula Lodd. Cai. 1t pl. 335, 

336. 
Thf» weeptog Beecb. 
HHre Paraaol^ Fr. 

Othcr British Varietiei orVariationa. 

8 americima % 

F. sMBlrit Michz. 
rFkOe Beech, Axaer. 

2. femigfnea^. S N.Am. f. 1917. 1980 

Tbe Jme ricam femiirinoat-tModM Beech. 
F. americdnatatifblia Du Bol. 
Red Beeck, Amer. 

Farieties. Ut 

2 caroliniiina ¥ fig. 1915. 

F. carolitUina Lodd. Cat. 
Slatifolia!^ fig. 1916. 

F.lat^dUaLee. 

b. Speciei not pet introdttffed. 

3. obliqua Mirb. £ Cbili fig. 1919l 1982 

Thc obUqn*J«n(ri Beech. 

B. Cupute itwolucrifinrm : Segmeuts narro», laci' 
niate. Ovarie* latercMy ihserted. Young leopes 
notpUcate. 

a. Species iniroduced into Britain. 

4. &etulbMes Afirft. % Terra del Fuego 

fig. 1920, 1982 

TIm Bireh^ike, vr ewrmeti, Beech. 
BAiIs anMretfcaFonl. 

5. anfairetica Fort^ £ Terra del Fuego 1982 

The •ntaietlo Beech. 
b. Species not yet introduced into British Gardens. 

6. Domb^y» Mirb. 1L Chili fig. 1921. 1982 

O^mUT*!, or M« Jrxrfle4«ve<i/Beech 

7. diibia Mir6. t Straits of Magellan 

fig. 19S2, 1933 

Tbi duUoiu Beech. 

IIL CASTA^NEA Toum. « 1716 

1983 

Thb CBKimiUT. 

"Fdgtts L. and otbeca. 
ChdtaignieTt Fr. 
Kastanie, Gev. 
Castagno, Ital. 
Carttmo, Span. 
Castanhdro, ForC. 
Coitanietne, Swed. and Dan. 
KesdUon, Riim. 

1. vesca GcBrtn. ^ Asia Minor 

pl. 337,338. 1983 
Tba eatabl«, aMwe^, or Spamish, Ches(nut. 
Fdi^ CosldiMa L. 
Coslhf NM «sAva Mlll. 
Cattdnea ndgdris Lam. 



Fancf Mt S 

A. Botanicai Varietieo. 



P*ce 
. 1984 



2 ospleoiloKa XoddL Oal. ¥ 

C. hcteropkplla Hort. 
C. lacinidta Hort. 
C. uMeifbUa Hort. 

3 cochleita Z^eU. Co^. S 

4 glibra Lodd, Cat. ± 

C. v.fdUis mddis Hort. 

5 glaiica S 

C. glauca Hort. 

6 vari^ita 1f 

C.tf.fobis aureis Lodd. Cat. 

7 americdna S 

C. visca Mlchz. 

B. Fruit^beariMg Varieties. (See p. ISSi.) 



2. pumila WUld, t * North Amenca 

fig. 1927, 1928. 2002 
The Dwarf Chestnut^ or Chincapm. 
Fdgus pkmila L. 

Castdnea piunila virginiimay ^e., Pluk. 
Chdtaignier Chincajnn, Fr. 
ZtorrcM Kastanie, or Castanje, Cer. 

App. i. Speetes of Castanea not yet intro- 
duced into European Gardent, 2003 

C. tadiea Mar. NcmL 

C. BosbOrpch j< UDdl. Chittagaiic. 

Qm^vm cuAuiierfrpa RoKb. 
C. •phKrocirpa Uiidl. SUbet. 
C. Mbulaidee UwU. Upper Nepel. 

^ VnM irCftiiindM Sm. 

'rau Cet&0|nn Ham. MSS. 

_ ^rauJhrP* Koxb. 
C. martabtfnlca ITai/. Mutabui. fif. 19S9. 
C. «iKtfntoa BIhou. Java. fig. 1831. 
C TwHgttnvt Blume. Bantam. fla. 1990. 
CJaviBioaBlMiw. Gedt. fig. 19SS. 

««r. C. J. nwDttoa Bhimc. 

C. moN^^fia Blume. Bajador. 
C. J. footeem Bfnme. 
C. in^nnie Undl. Slnnninh 
C. chin^nda Sprviv* ChUM. 



IV. CA^RPINUS Ir. 5 * 1716. 9004 

TbB HORNBBAIf. 

Charme, Fr. 

Hi^yiiAtfcA^, or HtUnhmehc, Cm. 

1. ^^tulus Ir. ¥ Britain 

pl. 338, 339. 2004 

The Blrch, or oommont Hombeam. 
Cdrpinus Matth. 
(ystrya Bauh. Pln. 
0'mw Trag. 
Ff)^ Bauh. Hitt. 
Bittdus Lob. 



Varieties 5 

2 inclsa Lodd. Cat. ± 
C. V. otsercifBiia Desf. 
C. «. heter^^Ua Hort. 



- 2005 



3 variegata Lodd. CaL S 

2. (j9.) americana Mkhx, £ N, Americst 

fig. 1936« 2013 

Tbe American Hombeam. 
C. tnrgimiima Mlchx. 

3. {B.) orient^Iis Lam, 1f « AsiaMinor 

fig.1937. 2014 

The Oriental Hornbeam. 
C. dtiinetuis Scop. 



CONTBWTS* 



CXXXl 



App. L 



Fag^ 



•f rorMcf ttf C&rpimuM not 
ineo EvtopHmGardetu. S014 



c 
c. 



TraiHgrlvaida. 
N«paL 11«. 1938. 



V. tySTRYA WUid. * - 1716. 2015 
Thb Hop Hobmbkaii. 

(j^rpMiu L. «Dd othen. 
Hopi/knb«eket Gtr. 

1. fulgaru WUld. 1L Italy 

pi. 340, 341. fig. 1939. 2015 
Tbe Hop Hombeam. 

Cirpbm» Cyurva Hort Cliir. 

iyatrffa carpintfhiia Scop. 

CyjtfyyaBanh. 

Kystrya itaUca, ^., Ificfax. 

2. (?.} viiginica WUld, 1 North America 

pl.342. 1940. 2015 
Ttae Vlninitti Hop Hornbeam. 
C di - pimu 9irgiHiina Abb. 
Cdiffinitu <y$trpa •irgtnidna Michx. Fl. 
CtffpAmt <yttrjfa Michz. Syl. 
/foM fVoodj Lever Wood^ Amer. 
JMr ifBT» niinotit. 

VL OyRYLtJS L. 1 * 1716. 2016 



Oomdritr^ Fr. 
BofrlMft, Ger. 

1. ilveUana L. a Europe fig. 1941. 2017 

aoe m io w Hazel Nut. 
Cbtcdr^ Noiutier, Fr. 
Hateliirauck, Nnubamnt Ger. 
Jveilano, Noedelo, Itai. 
.^iZaiio, Span. 

VarieHoM ft - - 8017 

A. Sotanical Farieties. 

1 BxlTteis ^t^. A fig. 1941 
C. KveUdna Svensk. 
C. sytvittris Bauh. 

2 pihntlus S 
C. ff&maus Lodd. Cat. 

S heterophylla A 
Tbe TarioiM, or NetHe, leBred Hazel. 
C. ketenmkglia Lodd. Cat. 
C. laeintdta Hort. 
C. urticifdlid Hort. 

4 purpi^rea A 
C. 0«fp&r«a Lodd. Cat. 
C. atro-purpkrea Hort. 

B. farietiet ctOtivatedJ&r their Frnit. 

5 tnbnldsa fig. 1942. * 
C. tnhuihta WUld. 
C. mdtima MiU. 
C. «aflM Bauh. 
C. f. ri6r0 Ait. 
RedFHbert. 
L angj b a} tnus t, or Lambertnusst 

Ger. 
Noitetierfiranc t Fruit rouge, Fr. 

6 tubnldsa ilba Ifc 
C. saiiva dlba Ait. 
C. A. oZfra Lodd. Cat. 
IVkite FObert. 
Weisse Langbarimut, Cer. 

7 erstpa jS. o/ Pil * fig. 194S. 
The flrlsBled Fttbert. 

8 t^nuis Lodd. Cat, A 
The thin-^eOedy or Cotf&fdy Kut. 



Pag* 

9 glotMrito Batik, m 

C. glomefdtfi Lodd. CBt. 
autter Nui, Hort Soc. C»t. 
Noisetier d Grappet^ Fr. 

10 barcelon^nsis Lodd. Cat, * 

C. taiioa grdndit Bsub. 
C. A. grdndit Lodd. Cat. 
TkeCobNut. 
Tke Bareeiona Nut. 
Doumionlarge Nul, ^., Hort.Soc. 
Cat. 

11 Lamb^rt». dl 

C. Lamb^A Lodd. Cat. 

71e Spanisk Nut. 

Large Bond Nui, Lamberfs Nut* 
Lamberfs large Nut, Toker Nut, 
4«., Hort. Soc. Cat. 

Oiker Farieties. 
The great Cob Nut, ffort. Soc Cat. 
The Downton large square Nut, 

Hort Soe. Cat, 
The Northampton Nut, Hort. 

Soc. Cat. 
The Northamptonshire ProKfie, 

Hort. Soe. Cat. 

2. Colurna L. % Turkey 

pl.343, 344. fig. 1948. 2029 

The Constantinople Hasel. 
C. bvxantlna Herm. 
AveUdna peregrfina khmit^ Bauh. 
A. pkmila bmianiU^ CiUf. 
C. arborea Hort. 
Le Noisettier de Bt/lumce^ Fr. 
ByxantiniKke Ha se in uts , Ger. 



Varietiet S 

2 interm^dia ¥ 

C. intermidia Lodd. Cat. 
S arboriscens Fitch. H 



- 2029 



3. rostrata Ait. 9 North America 2030 

The beaked, Jmerican, or CucUold, Hasel. 
C sgMstris, ^c, Gron. 
C. comkta Hort. 

4. americ^na Michx, A N. America 2030 

The American Haael. 

G. amerlodna kkntiUt "Wotuf. 

Dwarf Catckoid Nuty wild jnOeriy Amer. 

App. i. Speeies of Corylut not pet tntroduced. 

20S1 
C.ttnKWta. Nepid. t^ttSO. 



Garryace^. 



- 2031 
- 2031 



[. GA'RRY.1 Doug. m - 

ThbGarbya. 

1. elliptica Doug. dt North Carolina 

fig. 1951. 2032 

The elliptic-feavetf Garrya. 



FlcUandcea. 1t 
I. PLA^TANUS L. * i 

Thb Flank Thbe. 

Platane, Tt. 
Platanuty Ger. 

p2 



2032 
2033 



cxxxu 



CONTENTS. 



1. orientiliB I/. ± Levant 

pl. 345, 346. fig. 1954, 1955. 2033 
The Oriental Plaoe. 

F..orie»tdUs 9irM$ Fark. 
PlaUme de FOriemi^ Fr. 
Morgenla»di9cker Platamu^ Ger. 
DooUt^ Arablc. 
Cktnar^ Persiaii. 

VarieHe$ 1t - - 2034 

2 acerifolia Ait. ¥ p). 347, 348. 
Hie Maple-leared Plane Tree. 
P. o. Aciriefolio Toum. 
P. acerifblia WUld. 
^ P. itUermidia Hort. 
S hisptoica 1t 
The %wnish Maple. 

P. JUepdnica Lodd. Cat. 
P. macropkiUa Cree. 
4 cuneata It pl. 349. 
P. o. unduldta Alt. 
P. cunedta WlUd. 
Other Varieties. 

2. ocddentlilifl Zr. 2 a North America 

pl.350. fig. 1959. 2043 
The Westem Plane. 

P. ocddentdUt teu virginiimie Park. 
Button.w)Od^ Water Beech, S^eamore, 

Cotton Tree^ Amer. 
Platane de Virginie, Fr. 

Fariety S - - 2043 

2 tortudaa ^ 

PMamtMSUmrdtTr. 



HdUamdcecB, 1l - 2048 



I. LIQUIDA^MBAR L, 

Thb Liquidambar. 

AWg^Mk Noronha, 
Liqmdambar, Fr. 
Ambarboumr Ger. 



- 2049 



1. Styraclflua L. £ North America 

pl. 351, 352. fig. 1961. 2049 
The Sweet Gum Liquidambar. 
Liquiddn^r drbor Pluk. 
Stpraa Afeeriejblio Raj. 
Ltquidambar risineujt, Copalme de FA- 

m^rique, Liquidambar Copal, Fr. 
Flietender Ambarbaumf Ger. 

2. imb^rbe Willd. $ Levant f.l963. 2053 

The beardlesfl, or Oriental, Liquidambar. 
L. orientdlit Mill. 
? Ttdlanut orientdUt Pocock. 
X>. imbirbit Sm. 

App. i. Speeiet o/ Liquidambar not yet in- 

trodueed. - . 2054 

L. Allinci* BltuiM. Jm. 6g. 1966. 
AldBa^s Uquidambar. 

JM^frU caeelaa Noronluu 
i<<k«*n" jtapnteMii Rnmph. 



^t/ricdcecB. 



L AfYRrCA i. * • . 

Tna Candlbbbhry Mtktle. 
Gali, Fr. 
fVncht StrausK, Ger. 



2055 
2055 



1. Gdle L. A Europe f.l996, 1967. 2056 
The .SfMfffGale, Sureet fViHaw, Candlebernf 

MjfrOe, or Dutck Myrtk. 
GAle Ray. 
Ul^dgnut Card. 
M6rtut brabdntica, Ger. 
BJtut murtifhlia bflgiea Bauh. 
IUt/« tylvittrit 6ltera Dalech. 
lUkut tjfMttrit Park. 
Myrloi paUatrit Lam. 
Goi!^, Pimento Royal, Fr. 
Gemeine Wacht Strauch, Ger. 

2. cerifera L. ft North America 2057 

The common Wax-bearlng, or Ameriean, Can> 
dleberry Mvrtle. 

M. cerQlera anguttifbUa Ait. 
tiCrtut brabantica, ^c. Pluk. 
Clrier de la Louitiane, Fr. 

Varietie* A ii - - 2057 

2 latifdlla Ait. A fig. 1668. 

The broad-leared American Candle» 
berry Myrtle. 
M. c. mbdia Michx. 
M. caroUn^ntit WiUd. 
M. penntylvdnica Lam. 
M. c. tempervirent Hort. 
Tdyrtut brabdntica Cat. 
Cirier de Penntubranie, Fr. 
Carolinitcher Jvachttrauch, Ger. 

3 piiinila Mickx. il 

App. i. Half'hardy Species of Myrica cic2. 
tivated in Briiish Cfardem. - 2058 

jr.i^Alt. Madflfam. Ilg.1969. 

Tht AMorta CaUttberrs Jtyrtk. 
M. MTFkU Lamk. C. O. H. 

M.«tt&McaL. 

M. cDN^Rrfl JBnm. 
ir. foarcifbUa L. C. O. H. 

Laarms ofrieAna. 4«.j Com. 
jr.f.hinouJrlu/. 
Jr. oardlibUa L. C. O. H. 

AUttnMdt» VHeiatUio, 4«., Walt. 

M.fidiU nbetrHdiu, Stc, Bwrm. 

|OUe MBtftau, 4v.> PetiT. 

CoKcrfrbrnMftMlMrM VUda aniUte /Mb Phik. 
ir. captesb Loirf. CW. 

App. iL Half-hardy Specie» of Myriea moi 
yet introduced, - 9059 

jr. qpathtilikta. MadagMcar. flff. 1970. 

II. COMPTO N/i4 Banks. • - 2059 

Thb Cobiptokia. 

Liquiddmbar L. Sp. 
Mvrica L. Hort. Cliff. 
Gale Petiv. 
Comptone, Fr. 
Comptonie, Ger. 

1. asplenifolia Banks, th North America 

fig. 1971. 2059 

The ABplenluin-leaTed Comptonia. 

Lifiuiddmhar tJtptenifhUum L. Sp. 

Liquiddmbar peregrinum L. Syst. 

M^rlca L. Hort. Cliff. 

Gfle maridna Pet. 

'VLurtut brabdntica iVffTnit Pluk. 

The tweet Fem Buth, Amer. 



Casuardce^B. 2060 

Casuarina ^ quisetif6iia East Indies 

fig. 1972. 2060 
C. Utthrea Rumph. 
Swamp Oak, Austral. 
FOao d FeuiUet de PrtU, Fr. 
C. nodiJ16n Fem. Nev Caledonia. 
C. dlktjla Km<. NevHoUaBd. 
C. strfcU AU. Neir HoUand. 
C. torol^ iftf. HoUand. 

Thr Cwk^Mtrkfd Cenarima. 



CONTENTS. 



cxxxin 



Gnetacece. 
I. J5THEDRA L, m , 

TbB Ephkoea. 



PaC* 



2062 



2062 



1. distachya L. a Spain 

fig. 1973, 1974. 2063 
The tvo^tpiked Epbedra. 

CrMt $krtMw Honetaa^ or Sea Qrape. 
E*pkedra vulgdriM Rlch. 
VoiugoHum tHarinum Tabern. 
Po^fomcm ^rtum PlMi (Una. 
Folg^omum LniH^tim, S^e., Bauh. 
£. maritima major Tourn. 
Tr6go$ Cam. 

Raisim de Mcr, Epkidre muttiflore, Fr. 
Zwegakriger Rou Schwanx, uer. 

2. TDonostachya L, ^ Siberia 

fig. 1975, 1976. 2063 
The ODe-«piked Ephedra, €>r Smail Mkruhby 
Bortettui. 

R. pefMiM «c^e plkribut, ^., Gmel. 

B. mbUm^Mt ^.t Aimn. 

B. po/|yfMo2tf«« Pall. 

Bpkidre mineure, Ephhdre de Sibfrie, Fr. 

8. altUama Deaf, ft Barbary 

fig. 1977, 1978, 1979. 2064 



- 2065 



Paiie 

II. SALISBU^RJ/I 8m. t 2065. 2094 

Thk Salisburia.* 

Giakgo KiBmpf., L., amd othen. 

1 . adiantifolia Sm, ^ Japan 

p1. 356, 357. fig. 1992, 1993. 2094 
\ Maiden-hair-leaTM 
Tree. 



The Maiden-hair-leaTed Salisburia, or Giakgo 



Ginkgo, Gln-an, lUjo, Kampf. 

Ginkgo biloba L. 

Nouer du Japou, Arbre au» quaraute 



T w ijf nB mmm miaHUmuan ttd$tdutna Banh. 



Spain 



4. frligilis DtBf. < 

TWfr^teRriMdn. 

B. ifWntm ToofB. 

tAnwm cHtiemm Alp.'} 



5. americana 



EplMdnu 



Quitof. 1980. 2065 



'cus. 



App. i. Half-hardy Genera hehnging to the 
Order Taxdeea, - 2100 

Podocdrpiu VHirU. 
\? . micxophyiliu Srel. itcgmxi. 
The long-leaved Janin Yew. 
T<Lr«« maeropk^la Tbunb. 
P. labfbUiii WmU. Pondna. fig. 1995. 
P. flptnuidfloa Spreng. Port JockM» 

P. exeOnu Lodd. Cat. 

TdrHM tftmttOua Smith. 
P. nbtifer Pert. Japan. 

Tdjcmt mttcOim Kw mji f. 
P. daiudttus VHirU. C. G. H. fig. 1997. 

Tdjrmt eiomgMmt Ait. 
P. chlttnu» AJcA. ChlH. flK.1996. 
P. oorlAceufl Rteh. Itland of MonUaiTRt. flg. 1998. 
P. texifbUufl JTwiM. Peni. fig. 1999, 9000. 

P. mtmtAmmt Lodd. Cat. 

Td«M inm<AM WUld. 
V.mo€bmLedd. 
P. ncriifbUua Ltdd. 

TdxmtJ^MemLodd. 
naerydlum SMiRdrr. 
D. cnprteinnm Skrf. Nev Zealand. 4g.S001. 

Thm tAm tia amrittlma 8prcng. 
D. tasifUlttin M. . 

D. esctimm fira. New Zcaland. 

Tht Katdkattat or SmMtKf Pimi. 
D. ? plum^m D. Dom. New Zealand. 

n« Katraka ofthe New Zcalander». 
D. elAtum Wall. Pulo-Penong. 

JmxtmermtOMaKMh. 
FbyDdeladiflAfeA. 

Podvedrjmit tm. IjabUI. 
P. rhomboldkluiUeA. Cape Van Dlemen. fig. lOOt, tOOS. 

Podeedrvmt amKii</Miw LaUII. 
P. Mcbomanndea R. Br. New Zeoland. 

TAe ranaJlnia of thc New Zealandert. j 



TaxdcecB, I 1 



2065 



2065, 2066 



I. TA^XUS L. f mn. 
Tbk Ybw. 

I. baccata L, i Eur. pl. 353, 354. 2066 
The berried, or eommon, Yow. 

Tdzus No. 1663. Hail. Hist. 
JMenbaum,, Ikenbaum^ or Eihenbaum, Ger. 
TVuo. Ital. 
Tezo, Span. 

Farietie$ 1 A «. . . 2066 

2 iastigiiU 1 pl. 355. fig. 1981, 

1982. 
T./a$tigidta Lindl. 
T. Aift^/M, Hook. 
7V uprigkty or Florenee Court, 
YetPi tkelrisk Yew. 
S procumbens la *l 

T. proeimbenM Lodd. Cat. 

4 er^cta • 

The upright Yew. 
T. b.fattigidta. 

5 foliu Tariegatis Lodd. Cat, M 

6 friietu likteo m 
Other Varieties. 

2. (bOcanad^nsififTi/W.* N.Anier.2093 

Ibe Canada, or Nortk American, Yew. 
T. 6. mhtor Michx. 



ConlferfB^ or PimcecB. 2103 

Sect. I. j4bie'tin^ Richard. 2104. 2106 

I. PrNUS L. ll=3 1i_ll-J« 

2104. 2152 

Thb Pinb. 

Le PiUy Fr. 

Fickte, Pynbaum^ or Ki^eTt Ger. 

Pynboom, Dutch. 

Pino, Ital. and Span. 

Pinu, Anglo.Saxon. 

Pinnua, Welfh. 

Peigne, Ene. 

Sect. i. BincB. — Leave$ generaUy 2 in a 

Sheath, 

§ i. Sylvettres. ± A 
A. Cones kaving tke Scales viikout Pricklei. 

1. sylvestris L. t Europe 

fig. 2043, 2044, 2045. 2 1 53 

The wood, or Seotck, Pine, or Seotck Fir. 
V.fbHis bhus, *c., Hall. 
P. riibra Mlll. iMct. 
P. syMstris oommknis Ait. 



CXXXIV 



CONTBNTS. 



P«ift t 
P. No. 39. Gmel. 
.Pin Satioage, Pt» dTEcoue, Fr. 
Oemeine PSJkre, gemeitu Fiekte, Kitfer, 

Taune, and 5fi otker natnet given in 

Hayne'» Abbildungt Ger. 
Pynbojtny Dutcb. 
Piito ayiwMiieOy Ital. 
Pino *^l9e'tire, Span. 
Fyrre, Dan. and Swed. 
Sotna^ Pol., Boh., and Riut. 



VarietieM 1 



a. Timber Tree*. 



- 21 53 
3154 



1 ▼ulgarifl 1 fiff. 2046. 
The common.wUd Flne. 

2 horixontalis f 

P. korixontilit Don of Forfar. 

P. f . var. montdna Sang. 

? P. ritbra Mill. Dlct. and N. Da 

Ham. 
r4e Speiftide Pine, Hort. 8oc. 
TA^ Higkland Pine, Grisor. 
TTktf Aortzonia^-^andM trtZrf 

Pine, LawB. 
71k« red-wooded Scotek Pine^ Sang. 

3 uncinata /)on of Forfar T 

fig. 2047. 
The hookad..<tMMKr wild Ptae. 

Mar Porett Vfild Pine^ Hort. Soc. 
Gard. 

4 haguen^nsis 1 

Pm de Haguenau, Fr. 

5 rig^osis 1 

Pin de Riga De«f. 

Pin de Bmtsie, Pin de Mmtmre, Fr. 

Other Timber Tree Varieties. 
b. VarieOet curiout or omamentaL 3156 

6 genev^isis 1 

The Geneva wild Pine. 

7 monoph^lla Hod^im. 1 

8 Bcariosa 2 

P. tcaridta Lodd. Cat. 

9 intermedia 2 

10 altaica Ledebour f 

1 1 tortudaa Don of Forfar f 
Other Varietics, of curious or bo- 

tanical interest. 

2. (s.) pamilio Heenke. A ± Europe 

fiff. 2057, 2058, 2063. 2186 
The dwarf, or Mountain, Pine. 

P. tyl»€ttrit monttina y Ait. Hort. Kew. 

P. t. kkmilit y Neal. 

P. cbnit erictit Toum., ftc. 

P. kkmUit, 4«. Toum. 

P. tued^ticu* teu carpdticut Ungarisch 

Mag. 
Tindtter conit erietit Bauh. 
P. tatdrica MOl. In Herb. Banks. 
P. p. montdnut Park. 
P. qudrtut auttr\acMt Clui. 
Pin nain, Fr. 
Krumkobt^ Ger. 



P. «Mcmdla Dec., Lodd. Cat. 
Pin Mngko, Tbrckepin, Pcn etigtt, 
Pin crin, Pin 4m Btriam f omn ait , 
Pim de Montagne, Fr. 
Bergfickte, Ger. 
5 M. nkna. A f fig. 2062. 

Tke Knee Pine of the Stjrlaii Alpe. 
Other Varieties. 

Bankstona Lamb. 1 Nortfa America 

fig. 2064, 2065, 2066, 2067. 8191 

Banks**, or tke Labrador, Plne. 
P. tutvittrit divariodta Ait. 
P. rmpittnt Michx. 
P. kudtdnica Lam. 

Scrub Pine, Qre^ Pimt, BudeoeCe Ba^ 
Pime, Yprett Canada. 



B. 
4. 



5. 



6. 



7. 



Cone* large, iuteing tke Scalet fumi*ked wvlft 
PrieUe*. 

inops Ait. 1 North America 

fig. 2068, 2069, 2070, 207 1 . 2 192 

The Jertey, or poor, Pine. 

P. nVviniuna Du Roi., Mni. Dlct.,Waii8h. 

Beit. 
Pm ckitif, Fr. 

mhis Michx. t Nortii America 

f. 2072, 2073, 2074,2075,2076. 2195 
The tolt-leaoed, or velloie, Vine. 

P. oaridbiUt Pursh ; H. B., S3592. 
? P. eckindtq MUl. Dict. 
New York Pine, Spruee Pime, Skort-ieamed 
Pine, Amer. 

piii^ens Midue. t North Carolina 

fig. 2077, 2078, 2079, 2080. 2197 
The pridily-eonetf , or Table MommtaHt, Fiae. 

§ ii. Larieibne*. f. 

Laricio Poir. 1 Corsica 

fig. 2081, 2^082, 2083, 2084. 2200 
'Jortican. or Larch, Pine. 
P. tylvittrit i maritnna Ait. Hort. Kew., 



m 1 



. 2186 



2 
3 

4 



Varieiies 

rubrzpflora A JH 

Flschert Bootfa. a t 

Mughut slb fig. 2059, 2060, 

2061. - - 2187 

The Mugho wild Pine. 

P. f. Mdgho Matt. Camer. 

P. montuma Baum. 

P. MQgho Jacq. Poir., and N. Du 

Ham. 
P. eckindta Hort. 



8. 



P. nMiriftnia Ait. Hort. Kew., ed. 2. 

Varietiet, 1 - - 2901 

1 condcana t 

Laricio de Clie de Cor*e, Dela- 
marre. 

2 subviridis N. Du Ham. 1 

3 caraminica f 

P. caramdMica Boic. 
P. caramaniintit Bon Jard. 
? P. romdna, Lon. Hort. Soc.Gard. 
Larido de Caramamie, ou de 
VAtfe Mineure, Delamarre. 

4 calfln-ica 1 

Laricio de Mont Siia em Caiabre, 
Delamarre. 

5 austriaca j! 

Laricio d^Autricke, ou dela //o»- 
grie, Delamarre. 

6 pyrenaiea t 

P. kitpdnica Cook. 
? P. pyrendica Lap. 

7 taiirica LodeL 
Other Varieties. 

(L.) austriaca Hois. 1 Austria 

fig.2005. 2205 

The Austrian, or black, Pine. 
P. nigricamt Hort. 
P. migriteemt Hort. 
Sckvartx Fokre, Ger. 



CONTENTS. 



CXXXV 



9. (L.) Pallaauma Lamb. 1 SiberiST 

%. :e086, 2087, 2088, 20B9. 2206 
FalUu'», &r tke Tartarian, Pioe. 
P. loiirAM Hort. 
P. tatdrica, in the Hammeramith Mariery 

In 1797. 
P. maritima Pall. 
P. PlnM Habl. Taur. 
T.MalepAuig Bi«b.XexclugiTe of the Syno- 

njmes, except those of Pall. and Haol.). 
P. Lttrido Bleb. (Dltto.) 
Ttaam^ in the Tartar language. 

10, (L.) pyrenaica Lap. 1 S. of Spain 

fig. 2090, 2091, 2092, 2093. 2209 
Hm FFTCoean Pine. 

F. Utpdmiea Cook*! Sketchei fai SmJn. 
PnMbX«r kispdmiea Roxaa cU SanCtemente. 
T.penicOki» Lap. Hitt. det Plantes det 

Pyr£n^. 
P. kalep^nsis mdjor Annales d'Hort. da 

Puia. 

PM NmssaroHt Pi» pinceam, Fr. 

1 L resindsa AU. 1 Upper Canada 

fig. 2091, 2095, 2096, 2097. 2210 
The rednoui, or red, Plne. 

P. camadhuit b(fh/ia cM mUiH ovdtis 

DuBam. 
P. rkdra Michx. 
JforvHtg Pine^ in Canada. 
Tdlow Pine, in Nova Scotia. 
Le Pin rotfge de Canada, Fr. 



App. i. DaiAiful Speeies, apparendy heUmg- 
ingio § iL Laricibnes, - 2213 



uaua, IbklinTMrilnM ec tonddribua, Dm ffom. f 



X«Mtt Pkk romgtdi CmaJa^ fr. 



flC.S098,1l099. 8S! 



S iu. Pt'»^<ri. 1 

12. FiaisteT AU. 1 South of Europe 

fig.2100, 2101. 2105. 2213 
Tfae PfnaiCer, or Gvster^ Pine. 
P. spbfislris y Lln. Syst. 
P. mariiima dUera Du Hara., DuKol. 
P. mariiima N. Du Ham. 
V.sOrtlca Thore Prom. lur lei Cdtes de 

GaacMoe. 
Fim de Sordeanx^ Pin des Lattdes, ¥r. 

Varietiee - - .2214 
2 escarenus 2 Nioe. 

P. escarena Riaso. 
S Lemonitintw t fig. 2102, 210S. 

P. LemonXtaM. Benth. 

4 minor 1 Franee f. 2104. 

F. mariiima minor N. Du Ham. 
Pht Pinsoi, Pm de Mans, Pin d 
Trocket, Fr. 

5 iWis varieg^tifl f. 

6 niailtimus 2 

7 cfain^naiB f. 

8 nepal^nsis 2 

9 noTu» holUndieus 1 

P. Nosa HoUdndite Lodd. Cat., 

183Cw 
P. n6va zealdndiea, in the Kew 

Arboretwn. 

10 st. hel^nicus f 

11 MassontaNicff f 

P. MaisimilasiLamb^ 



13. /*lnea X. i South of Europe 

fig. 2106, 2107, 2108, 2109. 2224 
The Stone Plne. 

P. sativa Bauh.. Blackw., Du Ham. 

P. domistica Matth. 

Pin Pignon, Pin bon, Pin cultiv€\ Pin 

Pinier, Fr. 
Geneissbere Fickte, Ger. 

Farieties 1 - _ 2225 

? 2 fWgilis iV. 2>t« Ham. f 
S cr^tica ^or*. f 
4 amerieina .ETor^. 1 

$ iv. Haiepdnses. f 

14. halep^nsis i^t^. 1 Syria 

fig.2110,2111, 2112, 2113. 2231 
The Aleppo Pine. 

P. kaerosolymitdna Du Haro. 
P. maritima prima Mathiolus. 
Pin de MmsaUme, Fr. 

Varieties f - . 2231 

2 mlnor f 

3 maritima £ 

P. maritima Lamb. * 

4 genu^nsis f 

P. genuAisis Cook. 

15. bri^tia TVii, 1 . . . . 

fig. 2114, 2115, 2116. 2234 
The Calabrian Pine. 

P. cemglomerdta Grafer PI. BxBioe. 

App. i. Species of Pine haoing 2 Leavei 
in a SheatA, whick we eannot with certaintg 
refer to any of the preceding Sections. 



" »— y^^MJ^b-jN. DuHam., \l1Ud.f Lawu, Chlna tU6 
P. ip. fromNcpaK fl|r. tU7. 



Sect ii. Temdtts. •««. Leanes 

SheatK, 



S ta a 
- 2236 



A. Conss kardfy so lotig as the Leaves : tke Seaies 
witk Priekies. 

§ V. 'Tei^da, f 

16. TteMa L, f North America 

f.2118,2119,2120,2121,2122. 2237 
The Frankincenae, or LoblolU/, Pine. 
P./bliis timis Gron. Vlrg. 
P. virginiitna tennifblia iripiUs Pluk. 
Whtte Pine, at Petersburg and Ricfamoad. 

in Virglnia ; Okffieid Pine, Amer. 
Pin de FEncens, Fr. 

Varietg 1 - - 2237 

2 alopecurdidea Ait, f 
The Foxotail Frankincense Pine. 

17. rlgida Mili, f North America 

fig. 2123, 2124, 2125, 2126. 2239 
The rigkl, or POck, Pine. 

P. Tm>da rigida B Alt. Hort. Kew., *c. 
P. canaddnsis trMUa Du Ham. 
? P. T«\ta » Pdfr. 

? Three-leaeed Virginian Pine, Sap Pine, 
BlaehPine. • i' » 

Pm kdrissi, Pin rude, Fr. 



CXXXVl 



CONTKNTS. 



yarieti^ f - - 2239 

P. TVe^da var. 2 alopecurbidea 

Ait. is by Mr. Lambert 

considered as a var. of P. 

rigida. 

18. (r.) serotina Michx. f N. America 
fig.2127, 2128. 2129, 2130. 2242 

The latc, or Ptmd^ Flne. 

? Ttt^da alopecurdid<ra Ait. 



P.ywtUbmLamb. fig. SI31. 



<Si9 



§ vi. Ptmderhm. 1 1 i-J 

19. ponderosa Doug, t North America 

fig. 2132, 2133, 2134<, 2135, 2136, 
2137. showing Arceuthobium Oxy- 
cedri Bieb,, riscum Oxycedri Dec^ 
attached ... 2243 

The hcny-wooded Plne. 

B. Cones haeing tke Sealet kooked. 

m 

§ vii. Sabiniknte, 

20. Sabinia;ia Doug. 1 North America 

r.2138,2139,2140,2142,2143. 2246 
S«blne*t, or tke greai prickfy-eonedt Pine. 

21. Coulteri D. Don. 1 Santa Lucia 

fig. 2141, 2145, 2146, 2147. 2250 
Coulter's, or the great hooked^ Pine. 
P. SabiniknR var. Hort. 
P. macrocdrpa Lindl. MS. 

22. longifolia Roxb. f i-J Nepal 

fig.2149, 2150, 2151, 2152. 2252 
The long-leaved Indian Pine. 

§ viiL GerantikaBu 1 lJ 

23. Oerardiana Wall. ± i-J East Indies 

fig. 2153, 2154, 2155. 2254 
Gerard'8, or tSe short-leaved Nepaly Pine. 
P. Ne^ Govan. 

Eatable-teeded Pine qf the Eatt Indies. 
^ Chilghbxa Elphinttone. 

C. Cone$ bmgt ilightlg iubercUd, 
$ ix. AuMtrdlU. i 

24. australis Michx, t United States 

f.2156,2157,2158,2159,2160. 2255 
The louthem Pine. 

. P. paluttris WUld., MUl.. Ait., Ph., Lamb. 
P. americdna paldttritt ^e.f Hort. 
P. ter6tina Hort. 
Long-leaved Pine, Yettoto Pine, Pitch 

Pme^ Amer. 
Broom Pine, Southem Statet . 
SotUhem Pine ond Btd Pine^ Northem 

State*. 
Yellow Pine, Piteh Pine, Middle SUtes. 
Georgia Pitch Pine of the Timber Mer- 
dumt* in England and the Wett Indies. 

Variety - - 2255 

2 exc^lsa f North Amcrica. 
F. paluttrit exeHsa Booth. 



§ X. Canarihui», 1 i-J 

25. canariensis C. Sndth, i Canaries 

f.2162, 2163, 2164,2165, 2166. 2261 
The Canary Pine. 

? P. adunca Botc. 

26. sinensis Lamb. 1 1^ China 

fig.2167, 2168, 2169. 2864 

The Chinete nne. 

27. insignis Dotig. 1 Califomia 

fig.2170, 2171, 2172. 2265 
The remarkable Pine. 

28. Teocote Schiede et Deppe i <— I Mount 

Orizaba - fig. 2173, 2174. 2266 
The Teocote, or turitted-leavedy Pine. 

29. p4tula Schiede et Deppe MSS. f U 

Me^ico - fig. 2175, 2176. 2267 

The spreading-feaeetf Pine. 

§ xi. LUju>ekaA. 2 

30. Llaveana Otto. t Mexico 

fig. 2177, 2178, 2179, 2180. 2267 
La LlaTe*s Pine. 

App. 1. SpecieB of S-Uaved Pina wkiek 
cannot with certainty he referred io any of 
the preceding Sections, but ofwhich there 
are living Piomts in England. - 2268 



Califomia 
2268 



31. californikna Lois. 1 



Tbe Califomian Pine. 

P. montereyintis Godefroy. 

P. adunca Bosc. 

P. montheragintis Hort Soc. Gard. 

Pin de MonUrey Bon Jard. 

Fraseri Lodd. Cat. ... 2269 
timori^nsis Hori. Timor - - 2269 

App. ii. Pines aupposed to have 3 Leaveg, 
6tt2 of which the Cones only have been seen 
in JBriiain, The Cones are hooked or tu- 
berded, .... 2369 

32. murickta D. Don. 1 -J California 

fig.2180. 2269 
The smaller pricUy-ometf Pine. 
Obispo, Span. 

33. tuberculata D. Don. f. -J California 

fig.2181. 2270 

The tuberculated Pine. 

34. radikta D. Don, f. —i California 

fig. 2182. 2270 
The radiated-«ra/;r<{ Pine. 

Sect. iii. Qulna, — Leavu 5 in a Sheatk. 

§ xii. Occidentales. 1 ZD f i_l 

35. occidentalis Swartz, f Hl West Indies 

fig. 2183. 2271 

Th« Wut-Indiam Pfaae. 

T.fAliUitM$, Sre., Floin. ۥ!., &c. 
UHr mwrMiM Toam. 



CONTENTS. 



CX XXVll 



36. HoatesiknMB Lamb. 1 1^ Mexioo 

fig. 3184,2185. 2272 

P. 9frUiwMKi KuiCh, Oeppe In SchL tbi. 



§ xiii. Leioph^Ua. 1 1^ 

37. leiopb^lla ScMede et Deppe MSS, 

li-l Mexico f. 2186,2187, 2189. 

2273 
Tbe sBootholeaTed nne. 

§ xiv. C^bra. 1 

38. Cembra L. t Switzerland 

f.2188,2189,2190,2191,2192. 2274 

Tbe Cembran Flne. 

T./oUi» Tttbilt, 4«., Gmel., ftc 
P. $aH»a Amm. Ruth. 
P. tglMitiru^ *Cm Bauh. 
P. i^vitiri» Ctekbro Cmm. EpU. 
"Ldrix s e m pe rv h r etU i ^c, Breyn. 
FiHdster AUvo, Ac, Bell. Conif. 
Tat^da drbor, C^bro Italdmm, Dale. 
ApkermmUi Pine, Five-leaved Pine, tke 

SOeriam Sltme Pine, t*e Swin Sione 

Pine. 
Arotett in Savojr. 
AMet, hi Switserland. 
Cembroy In Danpfahii. 
CeMroi, Eowte, Tinier, Fr. 
ZBrbeiki^er, Ger. 
JMr, Russ. (See PaU. Fl. Rou.) 

Varietie» 1 - - 2275 

1 sibirica 2 

The Slberlan Sione Phie, or Siberian 
Cedar. 

P. C6nibra Lodd. Cai. 
Kedr, PaU. 

2 pYgmas^ i. 

P. C. pkmila Pall. Rom. 
fflaneii, Rum. 

3 belT^tica Lodd. Cat, * 

The Swiu Cembran, or Stonet Plne. 

$ XT. S6-d(i. 1 

39. SltrobuB Z^. 1 North America 

fig.2193,2194, 2195, 2196. 2280 

The Strdnu, or Wepmouih, Fine. 
Y.JVtti» gtOni», ^.» Gron. 
P. canadhui» quinqn^olia Du Ham. 
P. virgimdna Pluk. 
LtfMr eanadhui» Toum. 
ItfW? Engiand Pine, Wkiie Pine, PwnpHn 

Pme, Apple Pine, SapUngPine, Amer. 
PM du Lord, Pin du LordWeymouik, Fr. 

VarieHes i • - 2280 

2 £lbs iTorf. 1 

3 brerifolis /Tbrf. 11 

4 oompr^flsa Booih* 

Ploeibeck We^mouik Pine. 

P. 8. fl^ Lodd. Cat., ed. 1896. 

40. P. (A) cxc^lsa JTfliScA t Nepal 

%. 2197, 2198, 2199. 2285 
The loftr, or SuHan, Plne. 
P. bick»dnU Hori. 
Ckitta, or CkgUa, Hiroalayaa. 
Kud, Sinnone and Gorbwal. 
LemAktg, Bbotea. 

~ , or King i^lke Fhr», Hlndortan. 



41. (^S,) Lanibertttiita Dougt. 1 N. Amer. 

fig. 2203. 2207. 2288 
Thn g^antie, or Lambert*s Pine. 

42. (5.) montlcola DougL 1 Columbia 

fig. 2208, 2209. 2291 
The Moontain» or »kort-leaved Weymouik, Pine. 

App. i. Specie$ of Pine whieh are noi yet tn- 
troduced, and of which litde is hnown, 2292 



P. caoM&iUL Dongl. N. W. ABKnr. fl|k SSIO, tSll. 

Th* tmimtd-Sramdud Pln*. 
P. mfuxobn. Botc. Lo««r Alps. 

? P. «ultMWrif BMir. 
P. tnrfalnku Bow. N. A 



IL ^BmS D. Ihn. t mn. 2105. 2293 
Thb Sprucb Fir. 

Pb*f» of L. and others, in part. 

FicvaLk. 

Picea of the ancients. 

Si^nn ipicea, Fr. 

Ficktetu>aum, Ger. 

Abiete, Ital. 

Abi^, Span. 

§ i. Leave» tetragonai, awUahaped^ scattered 
in ineertion. D. Don. 

1. exc^lsa Dec. 1 Norway f. 2212. 2293 
The lofty, or Norway, Spruce Flr. 
A. commiini» Hort. 
A. ficea MiU., Michx. 
A.fblii» »oUidrii», %e., Hort. Cliff, &c., 

P. K^iie» L. Sp. Fl., &c. 

P. fieea Du Roi. 

P. exc6l»a Lsm. 

Common Spruee, Pru»»ian Fir. 

Faux Sapm, E*picea, Smin-Pe»»», Serenie, 

Sapin gentH, Pine»»e, Fr. 
Lqfie, in tbe Vosges. 
Qemeine roike Tanne, Ger. 

Farieties f ft SL - - 2294 

1 commiiniB f. 

The oommon Spraoe, or WkUe Fir qf 
Norway. 

2 nlgra t fig. 2213. 

The bLadL-leaved Spruce, or Bed FHr 
qfNortray. 

3 carpitica t 

Tbe Carpathian Spruce Fir. 

A. carpdtica Hort., and Hort. Brit. 

4 p^ndula t 

The penduloos-^aiMA^if, or weeping, 
Nortoay Spruce Fir. 
A. eommiini» pindula Booth. 
P)»tM A^^bie» pindula Lodd. Cat. 

5 foliis variegitis t 
Blotched-leaved Spruoe Fir. 

TlHu» lCbie»JbtU» eariegdti» Lodd. 
Cat. ^ 

6 Clanbrasiltcina s 

Lord Clanbrasn*s Sprace Fir. 
P. ClanbraxiAkMi Lodd. Cai. 

7 Clanbrasilt(ifia stricta tk 

Upright-mtffAiy Lord Clanbrasirs 
SpruceJflr. 

8 pygmae^a tL 

The pjmy Sprace Fir. 

A. ttana Lond. Hort. Soc. Gard. 
A.ile^ans Sm. of Ayr. 

9 tenuifdliA tk 

The slender-leaved Sprace Flr. 
A. ientiifdlia Sm. of Ayr. 



CXXXVIll 



CONTENT8. 



lOgiganUa f 

The gigantic Spmce Fir. 
A. gif^aniia Sm. of Ajr. 

1 1 monstrosa A 

The monstrous Spruoe Fir. 
A. monttrdia rlort. 
Other Varieties. 



Paf« 



- 2295 



2. ilba Michx. ± N. Amer. f. 2224. 2310 

The white Spruce Ftr. 

PImm dlba Ait., W., Lunb. 

TlnuM Idxa Ehrh. 

PliMtf canadhuis Du Roi. 

A^Me» VlceaJSUis, ^c, Hort. Angl., Duh. 

A. eurvifbiia Hort. 

SingU ^Mmce, Amer. 

E^jrinette blancke, Fr. 

SapinetU bUmeke^ Fr. 



2 nAna Diekstm 2 
Other Varieties. 



- 2S11 



3. nlgra ilt^. t North America 

figi 2225, 2226, 2227. 2311 
The black Spruce Fir. 

P2iMw n\gra Ait., W., Lamb., Du Roi. 
PiiMtf maridna Bhr. 
K^»ies maridna Wangh. 
Double Sprtice. 

4. (n.) riibra Poir* f Nova Scotia 

fig.2228. 2316 
The red Spruoe Fir. or Netijfimndland red Pine. 
PI»«M americina riibra Wangh. 
PiniM riibra Lemb. 



Variety i 

2 caBrulea x 

A. aeriJea Booth. 



- 2316 



5. Smithiana Wall. 1 Himalayas 

fig.2229. 2317 
Smith's, or the Htmalat/an^ Spiuce Fir. 
PlfHtf SmitUkDRJVaU., Lamb. 
PifMM Khdtrow Boyle. 
A. Morlnda Hort. 
Bagat or Ra^oe, in the Parbutee language. 

Varietiet - - 2317 

6. (?e.) orientklis 1 Trebisonde - 2818 

11i0 Oiicntal SpiUM Flr. 

Piiiw 9H«iiM/<« JLamb., L., yhsnni. 

J iL Leavea flat, generaUy ylaucouB hejieathf 
imperfectly 2'rawed. 

7. Douglasit Lindl. t North America 

fig. 2230. 2319 
DougIaa'i, or tke trident-bractedt Spruce Fir. 
PijHM taxifdiia Lamb., Punh. 
A. calMrnia Hort. 
PijMMDoiMr^fii SabineMSS., Lamb. Fin., 

iii.90. 
The Noolka Fir, Sm. in Rees*! Cyc. 

Varieties 1 - - 2319 

2 texifolia 1 

The Yew-leaved irident-bracted 
Spruce Fir. 

8. Menzies» Dougl. t California 

fig. 2232. 2321 
Mensies*s, or the warted.branched, Spruce Fir. 
PifMM Menxilnk Lamb. 



9. canad^nsis L, f N. Amenca - 2322 

Tlie Canada Pine, or Hemlock Spmoe Flr. 
PifHM canadinntjj. 
PiiMM americAna Du Roi, Alt., Lsmb., 

Sm. 
PiiNM A^^biet ionericdna Marsh. 
PerusUt by the French in Canadai^ 
Stmin du Canada, Fr. 
SchierhngKFiehU, Ger. 



10. 



dumosa Lanh» ± Nepal 

fig, 2233, 2234. 
The Ixuhy oMm SfiraoB Ftr. 
Vhuu immAm Laaxh. 
A. JnnMwHwi UmU. 1« Pmmm C^. 
FbiM atctdam Wall. M8S. 
PiMtf BnmmikiM WM. PL Aa 



2325 



11. cephal6nical Cephalonia 

fig. 2235, 2236. 2325 
The Cephalonian SHter Spruce Fir. 

Kouiounaria, and also Elatos, in Ceplaa- 

lonia. ° 
A. taxffbiia Hort. 
A. luseombedna Hort. 
The Mount Enos Fir. 



App. i. iS^pecie* of A^biea of which UttU 

is known than their Name*. - 8329 



A. obo«tea D. Dom. M8. Altal MoDntatati. 

¥ieeti abaw&tm Ud. 

? A. SmtUkUMm. vmr. D. Doa. 
A. Mcrtmutdna Bonc. N. Amcr. 
A. ■Itch^nciB Bong. N. Ahmt. 
A. tilRdna Jtof. OreRoa oountiy. 
if . heterophjfU It^f. Orcfon countiy. 
A. aronuttica RMf. Orcgon oaaatrj. 
A. microphyila Jlqf. O^on cottnny. 
A. obUquAta JCqf. Orcxon oouniijr. 
A. falckta JZo/l Oranni countrT. 
A. hirtdla TtmmOt. 
A. Kcmpftr tf Thunb. 
i4. ThunMnrtf Thunb. 
A. M&nti Sieb. 
^. IVmJMO Sieb. 
A. Armrikgi Stab. 



III. PrCEA 2). 2><m. t - 2105. 2329 
Thb Silver Fir. 
FliMM L., in part. 

iCiries Lhik, Neet Von Eienbeck, and LedL 
K^bies Dn Roi, in paxt. 
Sd^m, Fr. 

Ger. 



1. pcctinktal Europef. 2237, 2238. 2329 

The oomb-llke-jratieif Silver Flr. 
A^Wm of Pllny. 
PiiMMPiceaL., ftc. 
PbMM A^bies Du Roi. 
iC^bies dlba MIU. Dlct., ftc. 
A^Wet Tdjnfilio Toum., ftc. 
A^^j^* vulgdris Polr. 
A^^bies peetindta Dec., Duh. 
A6i4M taxifdlia Hort. Par. 
Abies^Tioea Lindl. in Penny Cjrc. 
AftJererclitoLk. 
aMmailFtr. 
&nNf» commm», Siycn d Fimab» d^lf, Sapis^ 

hlancy Sapin argenff, Sapin en /^rune, 

St^nn de Normandie, Fr. 
Weias Tanne, Bdeltamu, Ger. 

Varietiee 1 - - SS30 

2 tortuosa 1 

The twisted-W-oMcAetf Silrer Flr. 

3 foliis variegatis 1 

The Tariegated-lesTed Silrer Flr. 

4 cindrea ^ 

The clncrcoiii SUvcr Pbic. 

FlaM Vim dmhta B«ub. 



CONTENT8. 



CXXXIX 



2. (p.) Pichia ± Altai Mountains 2338 

The Pitcfa Sllrer Flr. 

Vhmt Plchta Lotld. Cat. 

PiiHW jsMtm» Hoit. 

^bies MiUriea Led., Lindl. In PennTCyc. 

A'bia Pfchte FUcker. 

Piekta, Rim. 

3. bals^ea L% i. North America 

fig. 2240, 2241. 2339 
Tbe Babo ttfGHeadt or Ameriean, SUver Flr. 
PfaM» baUdmea L., &c. 
A^Me» baUdmtea Blarsh. 
A'Mc* TdxiSbUOy tc., Hort. Angl., &c. 
A^M^ baUam^era Bfichx. 
.BalMmJFitr. 
Ltf li^aMnr de GfMKf, le Sapin Baumier de 

GH/ad, Fr. 
BaUam Flektet BaUam Taimer Ger. 

Varieiy f . . 2339 

2 lonflrifolia Sooih, 1 
The iDDg-leayed Babn qfGHead Silver 
Flr. 

4w (b.) Friksen Ph. 1 Carolma 

%. 2243, 2244. 2340 
Fnaer% or ike doabU BaUam, Silrer Fir. 
PiNW Mieri PA., Z.afiiA. 
A'M^ JByffftfrt LAMtf. te P«iMy Cjyc. 

5. grandis Dougl, 1 K. W. America 

fig. 2245, 2246. 2341 
Tbe grcat SQTer Flr. 

Vlmugrdndi» Dougl. MS., Lamb. 
Kbiee grdndis Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 
Tke gfeai CalifbmiaH Fir. 

6. am&lnlis DougL t ? Califomia 

fig. 2247, 2248. 2342 
Tbe knrely SBrer Fir. 

Vhuu amdbiUs Doogl. MS. 

7. ndbilis DaugL t North America 

fig. 2249, 2250. 2342 
Tbe noble, or lanre-braeted. Silver Flr. 
F%*«« n6biu$ Dougl. MS., Lamb. 
£bie» wibiliM Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 

8. Webbiaiia Wall. 2 Nepal 

fig. 2251. 2252, 2253. 2344 
Wcibb'i nmle-coMed Silrer Fir. 

PbaM fVebblkxaL WalL, Lamb. Pim. 
PbMW neddbSit Laznb. Monog. 
Abie$ Webmoz LindL in Penny Cve. 
CkiiroWt and Ike Oomnii, or purjHe-coned 
Fir, fai the Hbnalayas. 

9. Pimdrow Royle 1 Kamaon 

fig. 2254, 2255. 2346 
Ttae Pindnnr. or tootk-Uaoedj SiWer Fir. 
FiM» nodrow JSoyJe, Lmnb. 
Tdmu Lamtber A koa, WaU. Cai. 
PindroWt and eometimet Morinda,ln the 
Hinwlayaa. 

la famet«aia D. Don, 1 CaP>rnia 

fig, 2256. 2348 

SRverFfr. 

hraelMa Ua. Tram.; Lamb. 
vmM» DovgU in Oooip. to Bg|. Mai;. 



Pog* 

11. religidsa ff.etK.t Mexico 

fig. 2257. 2349 
TIm laend Jrejafeaii 8ilTCr Flr. 

Plmw reiigibta Humb. el Kanth. &c. 
A'Mm rtllgibta Lindl. in Vemj Cjc. 

?P.liiTt«lU ..... 
A'Mu MrUtta Idxifdl. In Pcnny Crc. 
Vimrn kirUlla Tbmb. ct Kunth. 



S349 



2105. 2350 



IV. IrA^RIX Toum. t m 
Trb Larch. 

PbMM L. and othen. 
Kbies Rich. 
MeliKe, Fr. 
Lerckenbaum, Ger. 
LariciOf Ital. 



1. europae^ Dec. S South of Europe 

fig.2258. 2350 
The European, or common, Larck. 

PbMM lAirix L., ftc. 

KbietlAn. Hort. CliCr. 

Ldrix deeidua MllL Dict. 

lAruJblio deciduOtACt Bauh. 

Ldrt> Bauh. Pln., Dod., Cam. 

A' bies Ldriji Lam. 

Melixe communet Fr. 

Lorcke, Lorcker-Fiekte, QemeinerLereken- 
bawn, TerbenHnbaum, Europaiscke Ce- 
der, Weisser Lerckenbaumt Ger. 

Farietiet S A - . 2350 

1 commiinis IjGws. S 

The common European Larch. 

2 Uxa Laws. *St 

The kKMe-keaded European Larch. 

3 comp^ta Laws. £ 

The compact, or crowded-braneked, 
Larch. 

4 p^ndula Law». ¥ 

The yif&opkD%-braneked Euiopean 
Larcfa. 
The weemng Larck firom tke Tyrol, 
Hort. Trans. 

5 r^pens Laws. % 

The creeplng-M-ancAAl European 
< Larch. 

6 flore riibro S 

The red, or pink, flowered oommon 
Larch. 

7 flore ^bo ¥ 

The whlte-flowered Larch from ike 
Tyrd. 

8 sibirica I '" 
The Rustian Larch. 

L. sibirioa Fiach. 

? L. arckangiUca Lawi. 

L. r6s*iea Sab. 

PtoiM L. sibfHca Lodd. Cat. 

9 dahiirica ii 1t 
Tlie Dahurlan Larch. 

L. dakirica Laws. 

10 intermddia S 

The intermcdiate, or Attaian, Larch, 
L. intermUia Laws. 
PbKW intermidia Lodd. Cat. 



Otker VarieUes 
L. FriiMrt Comp. to Bot. Mag. 



S358 



2. americ^a Mx. £ N. America 2399 

The American Larch. 

Pin«« \arieina Du Rot. 

P\nus microcdrpa W. 

A' bies microcdrpa Poir. 

Hackmaiack^ Amer. 

Tamarack, by the Dutch in New Jersey. 

K'pinette rouge, In Canada. 

q2 



cxl 



CONTENTS. 



VarieHe* ^ 



2400 



1 rikbralF 

The smaO nA-eomed Ainerlean Laircb. 
I4, microeSrpa Lawt. 
PijMu nUcrocdrpa Pursh, Lodd. 

Cat. 
E^pineUe roagf, Canada. 

2 p^nauls £ 

Tbe fttocJlr pendaloaa^imcAei Ameri- 
can Larcn. 
L. pindtUa Lawt. 
Timupindula Alt., ftc 
Plit«w intermidia Du RoL 
PHi«u Larif n^a Manh. 
i^bie$p4nduiaV^t. 
Tamaraekt iixaee. 

3 prolifera ^ 

Tbe proltferous-AroiMAAl Larch. 
L. prol^era Halcolm. 



2105. 2402 



V. CE^DRUS BmreL 1 • 

Tbb Cbdab. 

Plnuf L., in part. 
AMrf.Polr., m part. 
Ijdrix Toum., hi part. 
Cedrcy Fr. 
Ceder, Ger. 

1. Libani .Farr. t MountLebanon 

fig.2267. 2402 

Tbe Cedar of Lebanon. 

Tinus Cidrm L. and othen. 

Tinut^iisfaecieuldtis, fc, Dn Roi. 

Ldrrr Cidrus Mni. Dict. 

Ldrtir orientdlis Toum., Duh. 

CMrus mdgna Dod. 

C. amifera Bauh., Ra^. ; 

C. pheenieea Renealm. 

CMrwf Bell. 

A^Wes Cidrus Potr., K. Du Ham., Lhidl. 

Varietios 1 ii - - 2402 

2 foUis arf^nteis t 
The ftllvery-leaTed 

3 nina 1 ii 
Tbe dwarf Cedar. 

Otber Varieties. 

2. Deoddra Roxb. 1 Nepal 

fig. 2283, 2284, 2285, 2286. 2428 
The Deodara, oflndian^ Cedar. 
PlfMtf Deodira iMmb, 
KbiesJ>«>dinLindL 
Devadara, or Deodarat Hindostanee. 
T%e sacred Indian Fir. 

Varieties, or n^iriy aUied Species 2429 
Shinlikj Moorcroft. ForesU of La- 

dakh. 
Ckrista rooro, Moorcroft. Forests of 
Ladakh. 

VL ARAUCA^RIA R, et P. ± 

2105. 2432 
Thb Abaocabia. 
SutSssa Sal. 
ColynUtht Sal. 
Damb^Zjomb. 
Cuprdssus Font. 
Tke soutkern Pine. 

1. imbricata Pav, 1 Chili 

fig. 2286. 2293. 2432 

The imbrlcate-leM«d Araucaria, or Ckili Pme. 
A. Domb^ nick., Lindl. in Pennif Cic. 
PiiMW Jraucdria Mol. 
DombiifSL ekiUnsis Lam. 
Pino de CkiU, Span. 
Pegkuen, hi ttie Andet. 
Sir Josepk Banks*s Pine. 



2. brasiliana Ru^, t Brazils 

fig. 2294, 2295, 2296. 2439 
The Braxil Araucaria, ar Braaia Pime, 

3. exc^lsa AU. t Norfolk Idand 

fig. 2297. 2301. 2440 

The lofty Arauraria, or Vorfqlk Island Piue. 
Sutdssa keterophSUa Sll. 
Cwprissus eo lumn driSt 4«., Forst. 
DombiiftL e*c4lsa Lamb. 
AUin^ e»ciUa Loud. Hoit. Brlt. 
Pinle Norfolk^Tx. 

4. CimninghamK Ait. ± New HoUand 

fis. 2303. 2305. 2443 
Cunningbam*f Araucarb, or Ae MareUm Baif 
Pine. 

AUing^a. Cmmingk&mii G. Dom, o» Loud. 
HorL Brit. 

VIL CUNNINGHA^M/il R. Br. 1 i-l 

2105. 2445 

THB CnMNINOBAinA. 

Tinus Lamb. 
BiUsStMib. 

1. sin^is Rich. f i-l China 

fig. 2306, 2307. 2445 
The Chinesa CuBninghamia, or broad-lea^ad 
Cktnese Ftr. 

B^UsJaculifblia SalUb. 
Plnctf lanceoldta Lamb. 
Khies mbtor sininsis, Ac, Pluk. 
CwmuvMfitia lanceoliu» R. Br. 
Araucdria laneeoldta Hort. 

VIII. DJfMMARA Rumph. 1 lJ 

2105. 8447 

Tk« DAMiiAm, «r Amhvgm, Pmi. 
PiMMLamb. 

1. orientMis LanJb, 1 i-J Amboyna 

fig. 2308, 2309. 2447 
The Oriffrtd Dunaur PlM. «r ^Mta 
PtaiM Ddmmna W.» Lt m t. , AU 
D&mman dBta Rttmph. 
A*gaMs lonmMjrVH* 8al. In Lin» 
it. I>tfmm«ra iueh. 
Jfrhor Jtnmm i ftu U, Sft., 9mj. 

2. austrdlis Lamb, f uJ New Zealand 

fig. 2310,2311. S44S 

Thc BonllicMi Dunm«, «r JRaaH, Plne. 
A W*fo a««<r«ll> LindL 
Ooi»r<0 Trt€, N«m Zmlmi FHA IVm, JCovrie I>*h. 

App. i. A tahular View of th€ priueipal 
Pinetums, or CoUections of Abi^tinmg i» 
Europe. - - - - 2449 



Seet II. CvntfBsntM. 

1 iLJl-l* 



S453 



IX. raiTJA L. t luJ 1-J • 

2105. 2454 

Thb Abbob Vnm. ^ ^ 

Tkufa, or Arbre de Fir, Fr. 

Lebensbaum, oer. 



CONTBNT8. 



cxli 



§ i. TAm^ vera D. Don. 



Pi«t 



1. ocddentalis L, 1 Canada 

fig. 2312. 2314. 2454 
Th» wettera^ or Jmerioan, Arbor ViUe. 
TkUa TkeapkrdsA BtnA. 
Jfrior Fto Clui. 
Wkite Cedar, Amer. 
Odre amMoaimy Cidre bhme^ Arbre de 

Vie, Fr. 
Oemt eCme r Lebemsbawm, Gw, 
jtlbero de VUa, Ital. 

Varietie» 1 - . S454 

S Yariegita f 
The ▼arlegmted.feavAt Arbor Vitae. 
T. o./MA« pariegdUi Lodd. Cat. 
3 odorata Mar$h. 1 

Tha s«wl.MBt«d Axte YUm. 



2. (o.) plicata Donn. 1 ii N. Amer. 2458 

The plicste, or Nee% Arbor Vitc. 4 

3. chil^sis Lamb, 1 _l Chili - 2458 
Xlie Chill Arbor Vite. 

Ct^istme Xks^Ma Psron HSS. 



§ ii. Bihta D. Don. 
4. orieotalis L, 1 China fig. 2215. 2459 

Tlie Oilental, or Ckimete, Axbor Vitce. 

Farieties f * . . 2459 

2 stncta Bort» 

The fkttigiate Arbor Vit«e. 
T. ptfrmmiddiis Bmab. Cst. 

3 tat^ica ii 

The Tuttfian Arbor Vitn. 
T. taidrica Lodd. Cot. 



i liL QporffM D. Don. 

5. oipressoides i;. 1 uJ C. G. H. 

fig.2316. 2460 
Tba Crpreis-like, or 4friean, Artaor Vit». 
T. apk$Ua Burm. 

6. pfonlifl £.aiii&. f L-J China - 2460 

Tbe pmmOc Axbor VUia. 

7. peadula Lamb, 1 Tattary 

fig. 2317, 2318. 2461 
The pendiilotu-6raiicAecr, or weepimg, Arbor 

VitK. 



App. i. Speei€9 not tufficiemUjf kHovm to he 
refer r ed to amy of tke precedimg Sectiont. 



1. quadnv&lviB Vent, f. Barbary 

fig. 2319. 2462 
Tbe four-valved Callitria. 

TkHfa articmlAta Desf. 
CuprSssus/ructu qmadrivdbri Shaw. 
TMijastr6bais tetragbmis, fc, Vahl. 

C. Fotberglll^ f . . . . 9464 

? Cmprissms FotkergttH. 

C. triquetra 5 C. G. H. - - -2464 

Cuprissus triquetra Lodd. Cat. 

C. «upreaiif5riiiis Vemt. f V. Holl. - " 9464 

C. macrostiushya Hort. f - . 9464 

App. i. Speeiet of C&lHtrie Nativee of Aue^ 
tralia, and not yet introduced into Britain. 



C. iliombWdM R. Br. ^ N. Hon.' 
la JUcA. f Pt. Ji 



C. ohldnn JUcA. ± Pt. Jttkaaa 
cTft ■ 



• M64 






I. Avp^o Tfanfr., mr.. LmnL Japan 
flnpU, mti tbtid, Kmmqf. 



S4e2 



X. CA'LLITRIS Vent. t 
Thb CAUinua. 

Tkbja L., inrart. 
PmstHm Mmifvei. 



2105. 2462 



XL CUPRE'SSUS L.lm 2105. 2464 

Thb CvvBsn. 

Cupris.FT. 
^ipressef Ger. 
Cmresso, Ital. 
Cfproste, Port. 
CyproSt Hungarian. 

1. sempervlrens i^. 1 S. Europe 

fig. 2320. 2464 
Tha evergreen, or eonsmom^ Cypreti. 
C. pyramiddlis Hort. 
Cjfpres pjframidalj CyprU ordimairet Fr. 
Gemeine Cjfpressenhaumt Ger. 
Tke Italiom Cypress, 

Varietiee f - . 2465 

1 stricU MHL Dict. 

Cypris ntdlet Fr. 

2 honzontilis MilL Diet. 

C. korizomiilis N. Du Ham. 
C. expdma Hort. Par. 

2. %6ides L. 1 N. Amer. f. 2327. 2475 

The Th^ia-like Cypress, or Wkite Cedar. 
C. ndma mart^iui, ^c, Ploku 
TAI^a spkieroiddlis, Rich. 
Cypresfaug Tkt^a^ Fr. 



raricty 1 
2 fdliis vari^atis £ 



. 2475 



3. lusitdnica Towm. m Ooa f. 2328. 2477 

[*ortuges C 
C. ghs&ca 
' tdult 

qfBussaeo. 



The Portuges Cjpress, or CedarqfGoa. 
^a Brot. 
C. pimduia L'Her!t., ? not of Thunb. 
Cedar " 



4. torul6sa Lamb. 1 Nepal 

fig. 2329. 2331. 2478 
The twisted, or JSAota», Cypreas. 



5. p6ndula TTiukb. 

Hm vMping CjprM. 



China 
fig. 2932. 2334. 2479 



App. i. Kinde of Cupr^eue of which there 
are Piante in British Gardenef but of which 
very Uttle ie known. ... 2480 



C. horbwniyii A uMtft . 
C. «zprfnM Audibtrt. 

7 C. <«pdiMA Hort. 7ar. 
C. Fodwnflll Lm. 
C. thvrifon Bart. Soc Oard, 
C. TourMrdrtMAwUbort. 
C. twccfftrmU WttU. 
C. wumMI» Pmr$. 



cxlii 



CONTENTS. 



App. u. Snd$ of Cupr^Miut nat pet intro- 

dveed. - - 2480 



c. 

C.jifMcmTkimb. 

XIL TAXO^DIUM Rich. S 1 f »-i 

2105. 2480 
Tu Taxodixtm, or Dediuom Cjfpreu, 

_ Ouprit$u$!L. 
ScluthMiai Mirb. 
CondglocSrpus Salisb. 

L diatichum BuA, t N. Amer. 

f.2335. 2481 
The two-noiked-feaMrf Taxodlum, or Dedduout 
Cffjpree». 

Cuprtnm dUtidta L., ftc. 

Cc^tfHM americdna Cot. Caiol. 

Cuprietu» virgiutdna Conun. Hort. 

SektMrtU dUUeha Mlrt>. 

Sald Cifpreu^ Cupreitt Amer. 

^fpri» de rAmiruiue^ Cypri» dhawff, Fr. 

Zweifxeilige Cjfpre»»», Ger. 

rortetses 1 - - 2481 

1 pitens Ait. 1t 

2 n^tana 1t fig. 2336—2338. 

The long4eaved Dedduou» Cy" 

preu. 
T. d.pindulum Load. Hozt. Brit. 

3 exc^lsum Booth, $ 

4 sin^nse *t 

T. tiuinee Noisette. 

5 BiD^nse pdndulum S 

T. »inin»e pimduium Hort. 

T. lempenrlrens Lamb. f^ N. Am. figt. 8339, SS40. 9497 
Tte evwgicen Tasodlum. 

T. cap§iiM J lJ C. G. H. - - »487 

Th» Cwc, or 4/Vica)k Tuoditun. 

Xin. jrUNrPERUS L. 1 1 i-J • *. t^ 

2106. 2487 

TBB JlTMIPBm. 

Sabina Baoh. 
Cidrut Toum. 
Qenivriert Fr. 
IFacAJMder, Ger. 

§ L Ox^cedri,—Leaves spreadinff in the adult 
Flant», D. Don. 

1. commilnis L, m Europe, America» 

andAsia - fig. 2343, 2344. 2489 
The common Janiper. 

J. No. 1661 a.. HaU. 

J. vutgdritt S[c.t Rar, 9cc. 

3. mlnor Fachi, Daiech. 

J. commknit taxdtiMt Pall. 

J. aiptna Clui. 

J. mi«0r montdna C. Bauh. 

Genivrier commun^ Fr. 

Gemeiner Wackkoider, G«r. 

Varietie» m - - 2489 

1 vulg&ris Park. M 

J. v.Jirnticbta Baoh. 
J. c. erictit Parih. 

2 su6eiea Afare. « fig. 2343. 
The Swedish, or trucy Juniper. 

J. tuicica Mill. Dict. 
J. mUghrit drbor Bauh. 



3 nktUL WiBd. m fig. 2344. 

J. eomsnlMit fi FI. Br., &c. 

J. c. taxdtib» Pall. 

J. No. 1661. Hall. 

J. alpina Ray, ftc. 

J. afylna adnor Ger. Emac. 

J. mlnor montdna, ^r., Baufa., N. 

Duh. 
J. nina Sm. Eng. FL 
J. tibirica Hort. 
J. dakrica Hort. 
J. c. montdna Ait. 

4 obl6ngiL « fig. 2346. 

'.3. obUnga Hort. 

5 ohl6nga'p^ndula m fig. 2345. 

6 canad^nsis * fig. 2347. 

J. canadintit Lodd. Cat. 

7 depr^ssa Pureh. m 

3. eanadinti» Lodd. Cat. 
Otfaer Varieties. 

2. Oxycednis L. • Spain, Portugal, 

and France - fig. 2351, 2352. 2494 

The Sharp Cedar, or brown-berried, Juniper. 
J. mi^or Cam. Eplt. 
J. m. mon»peliin»ium Lob. Ic. 
J. pheenfceat ^Ct 3. Bauh. 
J. uu^for^ l^Ct ClBauh., &c. 
Cidrut pkcBnioea Matth. 
Oxfcedrut Cluf. 
Oxjfcedrut phmUcea Dod. 
Tkeorickki Cedar. 
Le Cade, Fr. 
Spanitcke, Ger. 

3. macroc&rpa Sm. m Greeoe f. 2353. 2494 

Tha lam»4ftltad Jualpcr. 

J. Mi^^, Wecrf e^rtbdf Tooni. 

4. drupiioea Ldb, m n. Syria 

fig. 2354, 2356. 2495. 

Th* ilimwwoiHi or largt-findttd, Jonlpcr. 

5. virg^iUia L, f. North America 

fig.2357. 2495 
The Virginian Juniper, or Acd Cedar. 
J. mdfor americana Rajv 
J. maaima, 4vm Sloane. 

Varieties 1 - 2495 

2 hiimilis Lodd, Cat, a. 

3 caroUniiUia f^ 

J. oorvHiittiia Da RoL 

Other Varieties 

6. bermudi^na L, t Bermudas 

fig.2357. 2498 
The Bermudas Cedar. 

Cidru» Berm^iift» Ray*i Letten. 

«7. nepal^nsis Hort. - - 2499 

Cuprittu» nepaUtui» Hort. 

§ ii. SoHfUB. — Leave» of the aduU Hant im' 
bricated. D. Don. 

7. jSiabba L, ^ Spain, &c. 

fig. 2359— 2363. 2499 
The common Savin. 

Varietie» mu - - 2499 

1 cupressifolia Ait. m fig. 2359. 
The Cypresa-leaTed SaTin. 
J. bmtaniea Mill. Dict. 
Sabina Dod. 
Sablnajblio Ci^itti Baoh., Doh., 

Rwr. 
La Sabine mdk, Fr. 



eONTENTS. 



cxliii 



Psg« 

S temariscilolia Aii. m fig. 2360. 
The Tunarlak-IeaTed, or berry-bear- 
ing, Savin. 
SabHna fdUo TamaHtd Dio$c6ri- 

dHBamk. 
J. SoMiM MiU. Dict. 
La SabinefemeUe, Fr. 

3 foliis Tari^^atis Mart, 

4 prostr&ta m fig. S361,SS62. 

J. protttdta Michx. 

J. ripens Nutt. 

J. Kudtdniea Lodd. Cat. 

5 alpina ft^ fig. 2363. 

J. o^lM Lodd. Cat. 

8. daiirica PaU. «. Dauria 

fig. 2364, 2365. 2500 
The Daiirlan Jmilper. 

9. phoeiifcea L. f S. Eiirope, &c. 

fig.2366. 2501 
The FbffnlHan Janfper. ; 
J. nuijor Dioec&ridiM Ou». 
Cidnu pheenkea tnidSa Lob. 
ddrus I0cia retisa J. Bauh. 
Cidrwu fbiio OteprUti m^for, %c., C. Bauh. 
OM(fcedrus Igda Dod. 
Qenivrier de PhMcie, Fr. 
DicktnadUger WaeMoldert Ger. 

10. (p.) Ijfcm L.mfu South of Europe 

fig. 2367. 2502 
The Lfdan Janiper. 

J. p. t^eia N. Du Ham. 

.CMr«w pkeenicea dltera PUnA et Theo- 

phrHsa Lob, 
Cfbiio Cupr6ssi, ^c, C. Bauh. 

1 1. tharifera X. t Spain fig. 2368. 2503 

The incense-bearing. or Spanish, Juniper. 
J- hupdnica Mill. Dict. 
Cbdrus Aispdnica, ^r., Toum. 

12. ezcelsa Willd. ± Himalayas 

fig.2369. 2503 
The tall Juniper. 

J. Sabhsa var. Pall. 
Simalat^a Cedar-vmod. 

13. aqnamiU 2>. Don, m Nepal - 2504 

The walad Jimipcry «r crMpiiv CMor. 



ISimpetracecB. 



14. recorva ^«sffi. ii Nepal f. 2370. 2504 

The recurred Nepal Juniper. 

15. uvffera 2>. Don. ii Cape Hom 2504 

(y 0r iMfgtTprulttdf JnnlpBr. 



16. barbad^nsia X. f _l West Indies 2504 

j.i 
j< 



Jnnfpcr. 
Hart. 



17. chinensis L.mn. China 

fig. 2371, 2372. 2505 
Tbe Chineae Juniper. 

J. c. 2 Smith» ? i - fig. 2373. 2505 

App. ii. Kinds cf Junipenu menthned in 
BooJuj hut of which very little is known. 2505 



L ^MPETRUM L. 

Tbb CaowBKRmY. 



Pag« 

2506 



- 2506 



j. 

j. 



wuu. 



1. nigrum L. n. Britain 

fig. 2374, 2375. 2507 

The black Crowberry. or Crakeberry. 
B. monidnumfrdctu nlgro Rar. 
EHca Matth. 

Erlca baecHfera Cam. Epit. 
E. ooec(fera proahnbens Ger. Emae. 
E. CbrUfdUo undicima CAuM. 

Farietjf «. - . 2507 

S 8c6ticum Hook. n. 

2. rikbrum L. n. South America 

fig. 2376, 2377. 2507 

The nd-firuited Crowberry. 

Cranberry ef Staten Island. 

11. COREMAD.Do». «. . 2506.2508 

Tbb Cobbica. 

"Bfmpetrum L., In part. 

1. 6Iba D. Don. «. Portugal 2508 

The wIiite-ACTTiM Corema. 

Wmpetrum dlbum L., ftc, 
E*nqMrum (usitdmcum/l^c.t Toum. 
Erica erictis, ^c, Bauh. Pin. 
The white-berried Heath. 
Portugai Craheberry. 



IIL CERATFOLA Mx. m 2506. 2508 

Tbb Cbbatiola. 

1. mcoides m South Carolina 

fig. 2378, 2379. 2509 
Tbe Erlca-like Ceratiola. 



SmildcecB. «11. 2509 
L 5MI'LAX L.mlL . . 2510 

Thb Smilax. 

§ L Stems prickfy and ttngyHar. 

1. dsperaX. i. S. France f. 2380. 2510 

The roogh Smilax. 

Rough Bindtoeed. 
Smiuu, Fr. and Ger. 

Varietiesi_ - - 2510 

8 auriculita Ait L. 

Leaves ear-sh4ped at the bdte. 
S mauritdnica 

S. maurUdnica Foir. 

2. exc^lsa L. I. Syria fig. 2381. 2511 

The tall Smilax. 

S. orientdlis, S[c., Toum. 
S. dspera AIp. ^gypt. 

3. riibens Wats. L N. Amer. f. 2382. 251 1 
The ni-tendrilcd Smiiax. 



cxliv 



CONTENTS* 



Pifft 

4. Sartaparilla L. t- N. and S. America 

fig. 2383. 2511 

The medichua Smilax, or SarMparlUa. 

S. dtpera ptrwidna Sanaparflla Bamk. 
S. perwiuna Park. 
S. glauca Mlchx. 

5. hastata WiUd. 1. Carolina - 2512 

The fpear-tbaped-lea«ed Smilaz.; 
S. 2Wm nA» Mlchz. 
S. dspera var. Lam. 

Fanrfy I. - - 2512 

2 lanceolaU Ph, L fig. 2383. 
S. lameeoUHa Walt. 
?S. toHfiroAMiWaU. 

6. Walter» Ph. t Virginia - 2512 

Walter^s Smllax. 
S. Ch\na Walt. 



§ iL iSStem prickbfy romn<L 



- 2513 



7. China L. i- China - 

The Chinew Smllax. 

Ch\na rddi* Bauh., ftc 
C. vulgdris qffieindmm Ger. Pmac. 
^nMax dMpera\tiianor Plmn. 
Sankira, wulgp Quaquara, Ktem^. 

8. rotundifolia L. i- N.America 2513 

The romid-leaTed Smilax. 



16. virginiana ilit//. iu Virg^ua - 2515 
The Virgioiaa Smflax. 

17. pikbers WWd. L North America 2515 

Tbe downv Bmilaz. 
8. ft w rfto Walt. 

App. i. Kind» of SmiZax wAicA art either noi 
introduced, or of whieh ufe have not Meen tha 
Flanta. - - - 2515 



8. OTkta Ph. 

8.in»Ph. Ci 

S. puiduikU Ph. N. Aincr. 
8. vHm W. Spalii. 

? 7A« hladc^mitd «cr. ^S. 
S. cataltfnlca PD<r. Spdn. 
5. lidiTffU Z)«<f. N. Amcr. 
S. ^a6ea ITaft. N. Amer. 

? 8. SazHpaiilla mr. 
8. a^lna IF. Gncoe. 



Uliac&B* 1 



%_ 2515 

- 8516 
Nees Von 



9. ^urifoliaX. i- N. America 

The Laurel.leaved SmlUx. 
S. ditera, ^c., Plum. Ic. 
S. teN^M, 4fc., Catetb. 



- 2513 



10. /amndides L. A N. America - 2513 

The black Bryony-Uke Smilax. 

S. Bry&nMt n^«, 4>e., Cateab. 

11. cadikca Xr. ± S. America - 2514 

Tbe dedduoos Smilax. 



§ iii. Slalk» unarmed, 4^ngled, 

12. Bona n6x L. i- N. America -2514 

The Bcma-nox, or eHiated, Smilax. 

S. Supera Fndite ocddenUUit Bauh. 
S./bliis tdti»y&e., Fluk. 
S. variegdta Walt. 

13. latifolia R. Br. • N. Holl, - 2514 
The broad-leaved Smilax. 

14. quadrangolaris Muhl. i. N. America 

fig. 2385. 2514 
The four««ngled Smilax. 



§ iv. Stem» unarmed, round. 
15. lanceolkta L. L yirginia.&c. 2515 

The lanceoIate-^avAf SmlUx. 
S. non-epindsaj ifc, C«t. 



I. ^SPA^RAGUS L. • «L i. 

ThK ASPARAGl». 

Sarmentdcem, part of, Jom., 

Esenbeck. 
Atperges, Fr. 
Spargelt Ger. 
Coraierufft, Dutch. 
Sperage^ Old EngUih. 

1. sdindens Wm. %. C. G. H. - 2516 

The cHmbing Asparagui. 

2. 61bu8 L. n, Candia - - 2516 

The white Aiparagua. 

A. tpinb$u$^ ^c, Park. 
A. ayiiBietrttt 4rc., Ger. 
Corriida tirtia Clus. 
tVild Thong Sperage. 

3. aph^llus A S. Europe - 2517 

The prickly Aiparagus. 

Corrtida itlera Clui. 

A. petne^Of Priel^ Bod^ A^ar ag me, 
Park. 

Faritty - - - 2517 

2 creticus firutioosus, &c., Jhum. 

4. fa.) acudf61ius L. m Spain - 2517 

The acute-Ieaved ABparagus. 
A. Corrdda Scop.^ tc. 
A. folii» acikti» Bauh.^ 
A. tylvAirit Cam. 
A. petrte^ut Ger. 
Corrada \.Clut. 

5. h6rridu8 L. t ? Spain - - 2517 

The horrld-^sptnAi Aiparagus. 
A. hitpanica Toum. 



II. i2U'SCUS L.n.%.%,\^ 2516. 2517 
Ths Butchbb*! Bboom. 
Fragon^ Fr. 
Mautedomt Ger. 

1. aculeatus L, n. Britain - - 2518 
The prickly, or oommon, Bntcher^i Broom. 
Rttfctw No. 123& HaH^^c. 
Myrtacdtttha^ hob. 



CONTBMT8. 



cxlv 



R./. Bniaau Ger. 
R. m/^rtMitmt acmledim Tourn., ke, 
ntt Dod. 



Bo* HoU^, Knee HoOg, Wild dfyrtleJPrickl» 

PeMgret. 
Boug FMomy Petit Houx^ Bmis piqmamtt 

Fragom ininemM^ Fragim piqmamt, Fr. 
Sttekemd er Mamseitorm, Ger. 

Farietifsn. - - 2518 

2 lOtttndifdliiM Barr, n. 

R. wmlgHrUfdUo-emfiU&re DIU. 
SUxiis Sm. 

R. IdMm» Lodd, Cat. 

? R. Jlexmibnu MiU. No. 6. 

8. bypophyUum Zr. & Italy and Africa 

% 2387. 2519 
The niider.leaf Roaci», or broad^eaoed Butcher*i 



R. lai^BUmt^ ^r., Toura 

Ijanrm» alexaidrhta Lob., Banh. 

L. a. CkanuedMne Col. 

L. a.gemulHa Toam. 

L. a. vira Clos., Bmj. 

L. CkamuedMme vira Diotedridit Park. 

L. a. SUera Matth. 

Fragom tane Foliolet Fr. 

BraMattriger Mdmtedor», Ger. 

Forietytt. - - 2519 

StrifolUtuin n. Zaote. 
R. irifiMdlms Wil. 

3. (h.) JTypogldssum Zr. a. Italy, &c. 

2519 
Tba Under-tongne Roicua, or domble-leaoed 
Botcber*t Broom. 

R. amgmtlifWms, ^c, Toam. 

'Htfpogiittmm liOh. 

Idoirut alexamdrfmat flrueim pedlcmlo inti~ 

dimte^ Bauh., Raj. 
Vr^Udria Brunf. 
Pragom d FoUole, Yt. 
Zmmgem Mamtedormj Ger. 

4. raoemdsas L. n. Portugal 

fig. 2388, 2389. 2520 
The brandiy Ruicus, or Alexamdriam Laurel. 

R. amgutti/dlimt, fir4cim tianmlt rdtmmUt, 

4«.,^oum. 
Pragom d Grappet, Tr, 
T ram b em Mamtedor», Ger. 

B. taaSr^tjnm X. |. l-J Canary Ulm - 2690 

IIL TZrCCA L. 1 * «1-1 2516. 2521 
Tbb Tocca, or Jdam*t Needle. 

U zlonoeAL. « ITirginia, &c. f.2390. 2521 

Tbe Blorloaa Yncca. or Adam*t Needle. 
Y.jmtA^btet Bvah. 
Y.eamadiua Ald. Uort. 
T. tad&o, ^.. Barr. Rar. t^; 

YikeMpermdma Ger., ftc. 
T. mitagioridtat 4«., Lob. 
Cor^iOate, 4«:., Baj. 
Tket^xrbYmeoB. 
Yucea maiH Bon. Jard. 
YMca A FeuiBet emtiiret, Fr. 
PrackHger YmUta, Ger. 

roridy il . - 2521 

2 fblua TariegJLUs Lodd. CaU 

Hoio.SL fig.239L2523 
Ynoca, or Adam*t Needle. 
gloridta And. Bot. Rep. 

3. aloifblia L. £ South America 

fig. 2392, 2393. 2523. 
The Aloe-Ieared Ynoca, or AdmtCt Vfeedle. 
Y. arboritcemt, kc., DfU. 
AFktt Y<xem jmt, eauUtcentt Plok. 



S. (e^) superba 

nefoperb Yno 
Y.gloridti 



A. amerk^ YAcose /UUtt arbordtoemt^ 

Com. 
Y. camlAcemt,filiit limedri-Uimceolitit, tc 

Mlcbx. 

ranefy 1 - - 2523 

2 p^ndula GcK. ^orf. Pdr. 1 
Tif» feaOiBaMeaoed Aloe-leared Y. 

4. dracdnis L. A S. Carolina f.2394. 2525 
The l^raffon Yncca, or droopimg-leaoed Adam*t 

Y. dracbmit/bUo terrdto r^go DUL 

Dracdmi drboH^ Ac. , Bauh. 

TtcM/dUo Dracbmi drborit ttmiU Banh. 

5. stricta Sms £ CaroUna f.2395. 2525 

The nprlgfat Yucca, or Lgoaft narrouf-leaved 
Adam*t Needle. 

6. recurvifolia SaRtb. « Georgia - 2526 

The recunred>leaTed Yaoca. 
z • reevrva Hort. 

7. filamentdsa L. m Virginia f. 2396. 2526 

The fllamentote Yucca, or tkreadu Adam*t N. 
Y.JbUit/Uamemtdtit MorU. HUt. 
Y. virgimidmat ^., Pluk. 

8. (f.) angusti^Ua Ph. m North America 

The narrow-leaved Yuoca. fig« 2397. 2526 

9. flik:cida Haw. m Georgia f. 2398. 2527 

The flaocld4^aflvd Yuoca. 

10. glauc^scens Haw, m North America 
The glaooescent Yuoca. fig. 2399. 2527 



Half^hardyMimocotykdonimsPlcmiSj 
deservhiff a fiace in the Britieh 
Arboretvm. - - - 2527 

Foucro^a longaeVa Karw. Mexico 

fig. 2400,2401. 2527 

F. gigant^ Vent. 8. America 2527 

Littfls gemmifldra Brig, Peru 

A^ntgmmi/ldra Ker. fig. 2402. 2522 

Agive americbia L. 8. America 2529 

Tke AmericamyAloe, 

Ph6rmium t^nax L. N. Zealand 2529 

Tke New Zealamd FUm. 

ChamseVops hilkmiUs L. £ 8. Furope 

fig. 2403. 2530 
The dwarf Fan Palm, or PakmUo, 
TkarmiskiuniUt CaT. 
Pdlma k^iUt Bauh. 
Pabmitte E^vemtaO^ Yt. 
Zwergpaimet Ger. 

C. semil4ta WUld. £ Georgia 2532 
C. h/strix Ph. £ Georgia - 2532 

C. Pahnkto Willd. CaroUna - 2532 

C^fMAa Palm^ WaU. 
Tke Cabbage Tree, Amer. 

Bambusa nlgra Lodd. Cat. 1 India 2532 

B. ?arundin^cea £ India - 2532 

ilriindo Ddnax WUld, m 8. Europe and 
Mount iEtna - - - 2532 



cxlv 



CONTENTS OF SUPFLEMENT. 



SUPPLEMENT, 



CONSISTING OF ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. 



Tbe Spedei or Varietlet not Indaded In the body of the work, bat here added, hare the sign of iiddlttoi 
praAxed, thu> +« Thoee In whkh the name has been altored hare tbe mark It prefixed. 



Part I. HiSTORT and Obogbaphy, &€. .... 
Part 11. Of tbb Scibncb of thb Study of Trebs 

Part III. Trb Arboretum bt Fruticbtum Britannicum. 



- 2533 

- 2534 

- 2534 



Ckmatidea. 



2534 

Cleniatis triternkta D^. - - 2534 
-f C. nepal^sis Dec, ± Mounts 

Choor, Urukta» &c. - 2534 

The Nepal Clematis. 

C. motUdna D. Don. 

C. montittta var. Ham. MS. 

+ C. Henderson» Hort. 'i Hybrid 2535 

C.fl6rida ... 2535 
H- C. f. 3 8ieb61dti D. Don. 1 

Japan 2535 

C. SMdUA Paxi. 
C. bicolor Hort. 

+ *13. C. cserulea lAnd. ± Japan 

fig.2407. 2535 
The blue, or itkiet^fiaviered Clematis. 
C. oKorea grttMSipidira Sieb. 
C. froMdi^&fv Hort. 

C. Vitic^Ha i. . - - 2535 

C.V. 5baccata - - 2535 

C campanifldra Brot. - - 2535 

C. bale&rica i^icA. fig. 2408. 2535 

C. montana ... 2535 

P^Ecmiaceae. - 2535 

Jlfa^Ziaceae. - 2536 

Magn^lin giandifldra - - 2536 

M. glauca . . . - 2536 

M. trip^tala ... 2536 

M. purpiirea - - 2536 

Liriodendron Tulipifera - - 2536 

Anonaceae* - 2536 

Asimina Adans. - - 2536 

Berberaceae. - 2536 

SSrberis vukkis fig. 2409. 2536 

B. empetrifSia I^m. - - 2537 

ir. floribiinda ... 2537 

II B. Ltycium angutt^fHUum Royle. 

B. asi&tica Roxb. ... 2537 
II The Lffcium qf Dioscoridet^ Royle. 

B. dealbita Lmdl. ... 2537 



AddiHomal Specus of B^iberia. - 25S7 



B. CbrUrla Watt. 
^. Auxifblia 



- 2537 

- 2537 

- 2537 



25S7 



Mahdnis Nutt. - 
M. fascicularis Dec. 
M. repens G. Don 

§ Nandliue. 

+ Nandma domestica Hitmb. 

* L-J China fig. 2410. 2537 

Crucidcecs. - 2538 

Cheirdnthus Cheiri firuticulosus - 2538 
/beris sempenrlrens • - 2538 

CUtdcecB LindL - 2538 

Cfstus latifolius - . 2538 

Heli&itbemum umbellatum - 2538 

Volyffoldcea. - 2533 
Polj^gala Chanisb6xu8 L. - 2538 

yLalvdcew* - 2538 

.ffibiscus •syriacus . - - 2538 

-|- ilfdlva Munroc^fia D. Don j» 

Columbia fig. 241 L 2538 

Munro*! Mallow. 



Tilidcea» 



Tffia 

T. europae^ 

Gr^wia occidentalis 



- 2538 

• 2538 

- 2538 

fig. 2412. 2540 



Temstrdmiaceas. 2540 



Gordonia 
Camelli0 reticulata 



- 2540 
fig. 2413. 2540 



AuraMidcetB. 



2540 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



cxlvii 



Paf* 

HypericdcecB. - 2541 

Fypericimi canariense L, fig. 2414. 2541 
iT. chinense Z/. - - 2541 

? H. mepaihue Hort. 
H. Eahnittnum Lam. - - 2541 



|[H.>bfiananAit. 

H. prouficam L, 
H, sgyptiacum Xr. 
+ H. jkcpalense Hort, 



% 2415. 2541 

fig. 2416. 2541 

- 2541 



Aceracea, - 2541 

iTcer obl6i)gum^atf. fig. 2417, 2418. 2541 

^. Fsei^do-Plataniis . - 2542 

i. campestre - - - 2542 

^ vsr. 5 Uevigxktum. $ 
T^*mooth-lea»ed Fleld Maple. 

T il. c. 6 nanum Hmi, A - - 2542 

Tbe dvurf Ffeld Maple. 

IM^ Speeies of A^eer - 2543 

AtUieipated Spedea of A W. 

i.ibencum - - 2543 

i.lsvigatum ... 2543 

il.TiIld6um - - 2543 

+ Negfaidof, 3 fnolaceum Booth S 2543 

JEscul&ceeB, - 2543 

^sculus - - - - 2543 

i£. Hippocastanum - - 2543 

+ i£. H. 4 f^liis argenteiB S - 2543 

i^. (H.) ohioensia - - 2543 

i£. (H.) rubic(inda - - 2543 

^.(H.)Lydnti - - - 2543 

Hviahjbn6& ... 2543 

P. macrofitkchya - - 2543 

OAtr Varietiea of Pdvia, - 2543 

VitStcem. - 2544 

Ampelopsis hirsuta - - 2544 

'Rutdcea* - 2544 

i7ota graveolens ... 2544 

Bt^-hardg Speeies of Riito - 2554 

App. I. Halfhttrdjf- Speciee of BMteteea. 

+ Corrx'a alba Sm, alJ fig. 2419. 2544 

C. cotmiflMa Sal. 

+ C. a. 2 rotundifolia Dec « i-J - 2554 

C. iV« Veot. 

+ Crdwea «allgna Sm. m i-J fig. 2420. 2544 
+ Boronia serralata Sm, * lJ 

fig. 2421, 2422. 2544 

XaxUhoxylttcece» 2544 

Ptelea trifoliata ... 2544 

CorihcecB. - 2545 

Coriiria myrtiftlia - - 2545 

^. niicrophyUa - - 2545 



Page 

Celastrdceie. - 2545 

£u6nymus europee^us - - 2545 

E. sarmentosus - - 2545 

^. garcintd^/b£ttf - - 2545 

E, grandiflorus - - 2545 
+- E, caucasicus Lodd, Cat, a 

fig. 2423. 2545 
? E. 9utua Bieb. 

E. japonicus fig. 2425. 2545 

Celastrus scandens - - 2545 

-+ C, nepalensis A - - - 2545 

+ (7. jt^yracanthifolia A * . 2545 

Nemopanthes canadensis fig. 2424. 2545 

Aquifolidceie* - 2545 

riex i4quifolium - 2545, 2546 

-+ /. A, 24 fiructu nigro Hort. i - 2545 
The black-fhiited ooiomon HoUy. 

/. baledrica fig. 2426. 2546 

+- /. magellanica Lodd, Cat, 1 - 2546 
Frtnos deciduus - - 2546 

P, verticillktus - - 2646 

P. gliber fig. 2428. 2546 

P. coriaceus fig. 2427. 2546 



Rhamndcea* 



- 2546 



Zizyphus nn^nsis - . 2546 

Z, Jujuba fig. 2429. 3546 

+ pEdiiinis virgatus D, Don, m 

fig. 2430. 2547 
The twlggy ChriBt*t Thoni. 

jRh&mnus ... 2547 

/2. hybridus - . 2547 

ii. Erythr6xylon . . 2547 

R, E. an^tfssimum • . 2647 

/2.|}erai^ifolius j9er^. ... 2547 

+ R, elandulosus Hort. m . 2547 

Cean6uius aziltreus - . 2547 

C, intermediua - . 2547 

+ C. collinus Doug. «l fig. 2431. 2547 

The HUI-side Ceanothiu. 

Colletta h6rrida WiUd. fig. 2432e. 2548 
+ C. tilidna Gil, • fig. 2432a. 2548 

RetaniUa ^phedra Bron, fig. 2432^. 2548 
Pomad6rri8 - - 2548 

Aruuwrdictceie. - 2548 

Pistacia - - - 2546 

/2h6s - - - 2M& 

R, suaveolens ... 2548 

iZh6s arom^tica - - 2548 

II R. suaveolens Ait. 
I M^i£a trifoUtta Hort. 
I ToeicodMron eremttum MiU. 

+ R, caCistica Hooic t - - * 2548 

Ija^nu caAstica Mol. 

Duvaua ovhta fig. 2433. 2549 

r 2 



cxlviii 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT, 



I^uminbsa. - 2549 1 

Seet I. SoPBO^MKM. - 2549 

Soph^ - - - 254,9 

+ Baptislatinctoria R. Br. j> ^ 

fig. 2434. 2549 
+ i<iiag^8f(E'tidaL.j;_j%.2435.2549 
+ i4. f. 2 glafica 2>ffc. j« _J - - 2549 
+ A, latifolia JViUd. ^ _| - 2549 

Brachysema latifolium - - 2549 

Sect II. Lo^M, - 2549 

ir\ex europae^ " " T ^^ 

jb^urtium juDceum, + 3 odoratisd- 

mum D. Don. « fig. 2436. 2550 
+ S. acutifoliufh lAndl. 
Genista parviflora 
G. umbeiULta 
G. monosp^nna 
G. sethn^nsis 
G. amULntica 

BO. MorAia Vir. 
G.iMMUfMft Vlv. 



+ K, ovata 58»» iL uJ fig. 2444. 2554 

JL oonfdta Lmdl. 

+ ICmonophyUa, K. inophylla, K. 
Comptoniofui, K. prostratay 
K. bractekta, and Yi. sericea 

Sect V. Cassu^a. 

Half-hardjf Spedet. 
Vom<Mna pulcherrima - 

Other Half-hardff LegumndM. 

Jckcia Caventa 
A. JulMttm 



2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 



- 2550 
. 2550 

- 2550 

- 2550 

- 2550 

- 2550 



Rosdce^. 



2554 
2554 

2554 



Seet. I. i^MTGDA^^LSiB. - 2554 



ij G. gemtMt Peri. 

G. sag^ttalis 

G. proc6mbens 

G. canari^nsis 

+ G.spXeiidens WebbetBerih. 

+ Gr. stenopetalaW^ffWrf-ffer/A 

G. microphyila 

Cytisus XrabCimum 

C. «coparius 

C. Weldeni 



- 2550 

- 2550 
fig. 2437. 2551 

j 2551 
_I2551 
. 2551 
. 2551 

- 2551 

- 2551 



C.prolifenis - - 2551 

+ C, £61icus Guss. ft fig. 2438. 2551 

+ C. ^legans AU. m - - 2551 

+ C, racemdsus Mamock n. - 2552 

Adenocarpus . . - 2552 

Am6rpha glkbra - - 2552 

Kobinia ... 2552 

R. dabia ... 2552 

R.hi8pida - - - 2552 

Caragbina microphylla - - 2552 
Coldtea arbor6scens fig. 2440. 2552 

Half-hardy Ld<eis. 

BossiK^a riifa - fig, 2441. 2552 

i^nth^llis erinacea ... 2552 

Sect. III. Adtsa^rxjc - 2552 

Half-hardy Hedyaarea, 

Desmddium polyc&rpum Dec, 

fig. 2442. 2552 
Hed^sarmHpolycSrptim Poir. 

+ D. niitans WaU. m i_J fig. 2443. 2553 

Sect. IV. Phaseo^ea - 2553 

Wistaria chin^nsis . - - 2553 

Half-hardjf Vhasehlea. 

+ Kennedya rubicCinda Vent. L lJ 2553 

Glyeine rtUncmda Curt. 
CarHnA rubicSMdtt Mcroch. 



Jmj^gdalus nana 
A. n. 3 campestris 
A. n. 4 incana 
A. n. 5 sibirica 
Persica . - . 

P, YuldUis 6 compr^sa 
ilrmeniaca 
A» pedunculkta Hort. 
Plrunus 

P. domdstica myrobalana - 
P. c&ndicans 

C6rasus ... 
C. sylv6stris 
C. chf casa 
I C. pub^Bcens 
C. Padus 4 bracteosa 
C. m61Iis 
C. lusitanica 

C. l. 2 Hixa - fig. 

II P^us racem6sus 

Sect. II. SmMO^M. - ^55 

K^rria fig. 2446. 2555 

^birs^acharofledrifbliamediaf.^^^^. 2556 

S, tthnifolia phyUdntha fig. 2448. 2556 

S, crataegifoUa - fig. 2450. 2556 

S, ^etulsfolia - fig. 2447. 2556 

5. alpina ... 2556 

11 5.a.ladf61ia « - - 2556 

11 S. /halictroides - - 2556 

11 S. Aypericifolia var. fliiva - 2556 

S. ceanothifoUa ^, 2452. 2556 

S. AypericifoliaBesseriana fig.2451. 2556 

S. ralicifolia alpdstris fig. 2453. 2556 

+ S. niitans - . - 2556 

+ S. ta(irica - 2557 

SeCt. III. FOTXNTI^LLKJB. - 2557 

R^hua - - - 2557 

R. idae\is - fig. 2454. 2557 



. 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 
. 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 
• 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 
. 2555 

2445. 2555 

-^ 2555 



R. fruticosus 
Potentilla fruticosa 
P. f. 2 dahurica 



- 2557 

- 2557 

- 2557 



CONTENTS OF SUFPLEMENT. 



cxlix 



fig. 2456. 



fig. 2457. 
fig. 2458. 



P. f. 3 tenufloba 

D P.florib(inda 

+ X.* CowA^N/^ D. Don. 

The Cowania. 
+ 1. C. plicata D. Don s. fig. 2455. 
The p Uitad-fe a wrf Cowanfau 

Seet IV. Bo\ea 
Rdsai - . - • 

Bds& microph^lla 
+ J?.m.alba Jtt . • • 

R. alpina ... 

+ i2. a. 15 speddsa A - 
J?.Sabim ... 

+ i?. S. gr^ilb « - 
R, Doniajia . - 

+ J^.D.h6rrida m 
R. Wflsoni Borr. 
R, damascdna 
+ R. d. subdlba m 
R. cendfoHa 

+ R. c. muscosa crist^ta Hook, m 
R.ponmonia 
R, g^hca 
A.alba 
i^.liitea 
+ J2. L 4 fldre pleno i 

+ iZ. J. 5 H6ggtt A 

R. rubigindBa 

+ J2.Lj6na a 

£.canliia 

J^.indica 

+ i2.l 12flaT^cen8 JTor^. m . 

+ i?.l 13 Blafri D. Don. m 

S' «hiica fig. 2460. 

t\K.kfiHr£rllDdl. 
II R. Unigdta Mlchz. 

R, macrophylla 

Crats^a coccinea 

+ C. c. 5 neapolitana Hort, 5 - 

}ii»paiueon$Umih»opoliidnaGQidUdtroy. 

tratab^giis punct^ta 
I C. p. 4 breviapina Doue. f. 2462. 
C.o?aliidlia - - 

C. Dou^^sti - • . 

C. trilobata ... 

C. Aronia ... 
C. heteropbyila 
C. Oxyacantha 
C. 0. 9 purpikrea 

I C.;7runifi;>lia - - . 

C. 0. 21 strfcta 
C. mexic^na 

II C. Lanberrkah Bort. 
§ xtL (rZadea. 
^yMpfu of tA« SpeeU$ofCratdgug - 
AddUumal Speeies of Cratoi^gvt. 
+ C. florentina Zucch. $ - 

M^:rpaia>form/ina Bert. 

+ C. op^a Hook. t - 



fig.2459. 



2557 
2557 
2557 

2557 

S558 

2558 
2558 
2558 
2558 
2558 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2560 
2560 
2560 
2560 
2560 
2560 
2560 
2560 

2560 
2562 
2562 

2562 
2562 
2562 
2562 
2562 
2562 
2562 
2562 
2562 
2562 
2562 
2562 

2625 
2562 

2563 
2563 



P«Re 

H XIII.* Stranta^/^ Lindl. 2563 

The StranT0e«ia. 

I 1. S. glauc^cens Lmdl, 1 

fig. 562, 563. in p. 845. 2563 
CraUB^^gus gktdea Wall. 

Cotone&ster (v.) laxiflora - 2563 

+ C. (v.) 1. 2 uniflora Fitch. m - 2564 

C. nummularia - - - 2564 

II C. empUca Hort. 

II Eriobdtrya empiica Lindl. 

II MitpUu» Culle Uort. 

+- C. lae^vis Lodd. A . - 2564 

P^rus communis - - 2564 

P. varioldsa ... 2564 

P. Michauxii - - - 2564 

P. (Jfalu8)/>runifolia - - 2564 

P. (M.) dioica - - 2564 

P. (c.) angustifolia - - 2565 

+ P. Sch6tti Led. 5 . - 2565 

-+ P. stipuUicea Hort. !t - - 2565 

P. il^ria angustif^lia - - 2566 

II P. A. longifolia Hort. - 2566 

F. i^. edulis ^or^. - - 2566 

II Cratafgu» grdoa Hort. 

P. rivul^s ... 2566 

P. americana ... 2566 

WY.canadimisVLoxt. 

P.56rbus ... 2566 

P. spilkria ... 2566 

P. (arbutif<^Iia) melanodirpa - 2566 

MinUu» eapttitta Lodd. 
II M.JIorMmda Lodd. 
II M. piibeni Lodd. 

P. {a.) m. 2 subpub^scens Lkidi. 2566 

II P. m. xaatkoe^trpa Hort. 

P. grandif61ia - fig. 2465. 2566 

P. Chamaem^spilus - - 2566 

£riob6trva ... 2566 

E. elliptica ... 2566 
Kagen^ckia craUegoides fig. 2466. 2566 
Calycdnthus Isevi^tus - - 2566 
Chimonanthus fragrans - 2566 
+ C. f. 4 parvifldrus Hort. a - 2566 

Grcmatdcea. - 2566 

Punica G^ran^tum - - 2566 

Onagrhcece, - 2566 

Fuchsia microph j^Ua - • 2566 

F. excorticita - - - 2567 
H- F. fulgens Dec. » lJ - - 2567 

Vhiladelphdcea, - 2567 

+ Philad^lphus Gk)rdoniant» LindLtt 2567 

+ 6. • P. speciosus Schrad. m - 2567 
The thowy-Jlower^ Philadelphiu, or 
Mock Orauge. 

P. grandiflorus ... 2567 

Deutzia sckbra ) • - - 2567 

D. Brunoraia ... 2567 
+ D. grandiflora * - - 2567 



cl 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



^yrtdcece. - 2567 

Eucal^tus rob{i8ta fig.2467. 2567 

£. amygd41ina - - - 2567 

-f £. alpina HoH, Ai_J - • 2567 

Leptosp^rmum lanigenim - 2567 

L. bacc^tum ... 2567 

L. flexuosum - - - 2567 

L. grandiflorum • - 2567 

L. steilatum - - • 2568 

+ L. «copkrium Forst. f fig. 2468. 2568 
The Broom Tree^ or Dog-Vfoad Tree, 

qf V<m Diemen^t Land. 
Nevf Zealand Tea Plant. 

ilfyrtus communis fig. 2469, 2470. 2568 

CrcLSSuUtceis. - 2568 

iS>edum populiiolium fig. 2471. 2568 

Reaumurikcead. 2569 

+ Reauniuria Aypericoides WiUd, 

«- -J fig. 2472, 2473. 2569 

H^^ric«m altemifblium Lab. 

+ R. vermiculkta Lhm, «t- ^ - 2569 

Cact&cecB. - 2569 

Op&ntia vulgkris fig. 2474. 2569 

Grossulicea» - 2569 

Ribes - ... 2569 

R. laciistre ... 2569 

/2. multiflorum - - - 2569 

II R. vitifbUum. 

R. prostrktum - - - 2569 

i?. resinosum ... 2569 

-R. rigens ... 2570 

/J.pimctktum - - - 2570 

-R. floridum - - - 2570 

li iJ. (n.)f.2grandifl6rumiror/. 2570 

II R. rigen» Hichx. 

i2. inebrians ... 2570 

i2.cereum - - - 2570 

R. viscosissimum fig. 738. 2570 

iJ.flavum' - fig.2476. 2570 

Mr. Gordon*s List of the difierent 

species of Ribes. - 2570 

jE^ca/Zoniacese. - 2570 

+ £scalldnia glandulosa * ^ - 2570 

+ £. illinita m ^ fig. 2477. 2570 

Saxifroffece. - 2570 

Hydrangea - - - 2570 

Umbellacece, - 2570 

jffupleurum fniticosum fig. 2478. 2570 

'H.ederdcecc. - 2570 

If^dera -^elix - - - 2570 

HamamelidHcece. - 2570 

/famamelis virginica - - 2570 



Com^ce. 



C6mu8 



2571 
- 2571 



Hscum 
Aucuba 
Lordnthus europse^s 



LoranthacecB. 

fig. 2479. 

Caprifolihcece, - 



V, laevigatum 

11 V. caroMdMM» Hort. 



iSiambiicus 
FibCimum 

V, Lantana ... 

V. L. 2 grandiiblia 
V, cotinifolium 

II V. Hullftha Ham. 
V. 0'pulus ... 

r. O. 4 nana ^of^. A 

Lonicera ... 

L. parviflora fig. 2480, 248L 

L. sempervirens 

L.s. 2m^jor 

+ L. hispidula L fig. 2483. 

CafrtrifUSum kiqiidmImmJ>o\i%. 

L. longiflora fig. 2482. 

-f- L. mont^na Hort. L - 
Symphoricarpus racemosus 

^vbihcece. 



2571 

2571 
2571 
2571 

2572 

2572 
2572 
2572 

2572 
2572 
2572 

2572 
2572 
2572 
2572 
2572 
2572 
2572 

2572 
2572 
2572 

2573 



Cephaldnthus 


. 


2573 


-)- Luculia gratissima D. Don m. ij 


fig. 


2484«. 


2573 


CineMnA graOstima Wall. 






Miuue^nda LucilUa Ham* 






LucuU Su/a^ Nepaleie. 






Compdsitce. 


- 


2573 


^rtemisio 


. 


2573 


Culcitiura 


• 


2573 


Pyrethmm 


. 


2573 


+ i4^nthemis porrigens Hort. 


m 




fig. 


.2486. 


.2573 


£riocephalu8 africanus fig 


.2487 


.2573 


Epacrid&cece. 


- 


2573 


Stenantherajoinifolia fig. 


2488. 


2573 


Enc^cftip. 


- 


2574 


i?rtca • - - 


. 


2574 


E. Tetralix 


. 


2574 


E. T. 4 Mackaiana 


. 


2574 


E. Mackali 


. 


2574 


E. arborea 


- 


2574 


E. ciliaris 


. 


2574 


Calluna vulg^is 


. 


2574 


Directions for the Culture of 


Cape 




Heaths 


A 


2574 


Andromeda 


. 


2574 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



cli 



fig. 2489. 
fig. 2490. 
fii.2491. 



fig. 2492. 



Lyonia 
L m8r|;iii8ta 
Lmanaiia 
Lracemosa 
i^rbutus U^edo 
A. h^brida 
A, ^lndrdchne 
+ A. speciosa f j 
•+ A, nepalen^is 1 ^ - 
•^ittostaphylos UVa-iirsi 
"^ X U. 2 austriaca Lodd, t^ 
Pemettya mucronata 
Oaultheria Shallon 
EpigseVi repens 
+E.r.rubic6odaD. JDofi %, 
JZhododendron 
R. p6nticum azaleoldes 
> R> p. fiagrans * 
J2. miximuni h^bridum 
n. P(ir8htt 
R, punctatum 
J2.p. Smi^ 
J?. nudiflorum n^tilans 
J{. rincosum Cartonia 
B.. Jlhodora 
Kafania 

Menziesia ^obulKris 
Aialea procCunbeDs 
Ledum 
Faochiium 
V, grandifloruiii 
r.^adifoHum 

Oxycoccus - - - 

Balf-hardy SpeeieM of 'Eriedeea. 
+CjTiSiancembsaN.DuHam, f lJ 

fig. 2503. 
C. raeemifi^a L. 
C. earoUntdiia Mlchx. 
Atukr^m^daplumdla Ifanh. 
Vtea earolmidna L'IKrit. 
L (^rili^ Stot. 
l. raeemifldra Lam. 



fig. 2494. 

m m 

fig. 2495. 

fig. 2496. 
fig. 2497. 
fig.2496. 

fig. 2499. 
fig. 2530. 



fig.2501. 
fig.2502. 



2574 
2574 
2574 
2574 
2574 
2575 
2575 
2575 
2575 
2575 
2575 
2575 
2575 
2575 
2575 
2575 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2576 
2577 
2577 
2577 



2577 



+ yiyrsiiiicea. - 2578 
"^ Mjmne afiridLnalr. «Ljfig.2504.2578 

^ [. gldbra Gertn. 

YWg idai^a teikidpica Com. Hort, 



If . gldhra Gertn. 
Bunw qfirictmt Pluk. 



iMc 
iFlu 



+ Mang&Ua MiUeriezfia Pers. * lJ 

i»Mp^.- fi«- 2505. 2578 

Sapotaoeae. - 2578 

^Bom^a /vdoldes fig. 2506. 2578 

B, Jalicifolia - fig. 2507. 2578 

YJtenacea:. - 2578 

«DioBpyros ... 2578 

D. mtermedia, D, digyniai, and D, 
stricta . . . 25781 



Ofeacftp. 

jLigiistrum - - 

L, spicatum - - - 

+ L,s,2 glabrum Hook. 1 

L, likcidum 

L, 1. 2 floribiindum fig. 2508. 

2!f. jap6nicu]0 ... 

JPhiilyrea ... 

OHea - . 

O. cap^nsis - fig. 2509. 

+ Noteke^a /igiistrina Feni. a 

fig. 2510. 
^inga - . - 

ixJosikss^a ... 

S, Efnodi ... 

PVdxinus ... 

F. excelsior ... 
F, e. a(irea 
F, purpur^ens 

F, purpurea • - • 

F, (e.) angustifolia fig. 25 1 1. 

F, /entiscifolia fig. 2512. 

F, epfptera ... 

Jasmindcea. 
«/asminum ... 

Apoa/ndceie. 

Finca - - 

+ V, acutifolia Bert, «l - 

Asclq)iadsicess. - 

Half-hardy Speeiee ef Feriploea, 
+ Physidnthus dlbicans Hort, 1 — J 

P. mtdatdim Hort. 

BigmmMe^. - 

Bignonia ... 

Tecoma rad2cans 

T. r. m^jor ... 

Solandceie. 

II Orab6w8kia 

^olanum - - - 

S, bonariense ... 
i^.Balbisti - fig.2514. 

II S. decirrem Balb. 
II S. hranaefbUum Jacq. 
II S. maurititinum Willd. 
II S. viscdsum Dec. 

S. littorale Hort. 

L^cium lanceolatum f. 25 1 3. 25 1 6. 

X. turbinatum - fig.2517. 

Scrophularidcea. - 

Half-hardy Speeiee, 
+ Pentstemon Scoulen Doug. n. 

fig.25l8. 
+ P. atropurpurea G. Don, «. - 



2578 

2578 

2578 
2578 

2579 
2579 

2579 
2579 
2579 
2579 

2579 
2579 
2579 
2579 
2579 
2580 
2580 
2580 
2580 
2580 
2580 
2580 

2581 
2581 

2581 

2581 
2581 

2581 
2581 

2581 

2581 
2581 
2581 

2581 

2581 
2581 
2582 
2582 



2582 
2582 
2582 

2582 



2582 
2582 



clii 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



Labidcea 



8582 



2583 
- 2583 
. 2583 



ili^mus grandifldrus fig.2515. 2582 

Prostanthera lasianthos fig. 2519. 2583 

YerbeTidcea. 

Fitez iodsa 

CLerod^dron spectosiBamum 

II C. tfuamdittm Vihl. 

Alo^sui citriodora - - 2583 

Flumbaffindcea. - 2583 

/^umbago cap^nas fig. 2520. 2583 

Chenapodidce^e. - 2583 

^'triplex /falimuB - - «583 

Kochia prostiAta - - 2583 

Volygondcea:. - 2583 

+ Tragop^rum maritimum Boug, ««. 2583 

Lavrace^F. - 2583 

Xa6rus n6bilis - - 2583 

L.Sdstafiat • - - 2583 

Proteacegs. - 2584? 

+ Bdnksia latifblia R.Br. m^^ 

fig. 2522. 2584 

ThymeWmB - 2584 

/)6phne Mezereum - - 2584 

"EJaagndcea. - 2584 

^laeagnus hort^nsis orientalis 

E. conferta 

jffippophae Rhamnoides - 

AHstolochidcea. 
EiipAarJiaceaB. 

£uph6rbta spindsa 
+ M, Jf jrrsinites «• 
+ JB. rigida «. 
Bbxos sempervirens 

HaLf-hardjf Spedet. 

Plagi&nthus divaric^tus fig. 2524. 2585 
+ Cr6ton rosmarinifolia Curm. m _j 

fig. 2523. 2585 
+ Ad^lia Acidoton « — I fig. 2525. 2585 

IJrticdcea. - 2586 

Mbrus n)gra fig. 2526. 2586 

M.ma. - - - 2586 

ilf . a, Morettiana - - 2586 

Jlf . a. macrophylla - - 2586 

^^.^19^4^1^^ - - - 2586 

Broussonetia papyrifera - 2586 

+ B. p. 3 fi^ctu albo • - - 2586 

Boryfl aciunin^ta - - 2586 

B./ig68trina - - - 2586 

i?lcu8 - . - - 2586 



- 2584 
. 2584 

- 2584 

- 2584 

- 2584 

- 2585 

- 2585 

- 2585 

- 2585 



IJImdcea. 

ITUnm ... 

17. c. nina • . - - 

U, americana - - - 

+ C^. a. fbliis variegUis I 

Jtifflanddce(B. 

Jikglans - - - 

Ci^adlba - - 

Pteroc4rya cauc&sica 

Salicdcea* 
5aix ... - 

S, babyl6nica - - * 

S. b. Napoleona 

S. nigra fig. 2527 o. 

S. /ig{istrina % 2527 6. 

S. versicolor fig. 2528. 

+ S. coluteoides Mhrb. A ^. 2529. 
+ S. sitchensis Hort. • - 
P6pulus - - 

P. nigra and P. fiuti^ta - 
P.6iba - - - 

P. tremula - - 

P. fiustigikta - - 

P. balsamifera fig. 2530. 

Betuldcea. 

illnus . - - - 

+ A. acuminatalT.rf-B. l_jf.2531. 
+ A. castanesefolia Mirb. t^£. 2532. 
^etuladlba ... 

B. fruticosa - - - 

B. papyracea ... 

Coryldcea. 

<2uercu8 - - - 

Q. sessiliflora ... 
Q.CMb 

+ Q. C. laciniata 5E ^^.^2534. 

Q. heteroph^lla 
aPh^llos 

Q. BaWjta - - - 

Q. gram^mtia 

Q.nispanica - - - 

Q.viren8 ... 

Q. kemitphafrica Bart Bot. Gard. 

Q. serrata - - 

Q.gkb6rrima - - - 

Mexican Oaks - - - 

Q. xalap^nsis ... 

Pigus 

Fs^OB cochinchinensis Lour. 

F. ant^ctica Fortt. - . - 

F. ^etuloldes ... 

F. s^lvadca fig. 2536. 

Castanea - - - 

C&rpinus - - 

(Tstrya virginica fig. 2537. 



2586 
2586 
2587 
2587 
2587 

2587 

2587 
2587 
2587 

2587 
2587 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2588 
2589 
2589 
2589 
2589 

2589 
25B9 
2589 
2590 
2590 
2590 
2590 

2590 

2590 
2590 
2591 
2591 
2591 
2591 
2591 
2591 
2591 
2591 

2591 
2592 
2592 
2592 
2593 
2593 
2593 
2593 
2593 
2595 
2595 
2595 



CONTBNT8 OF SUPPL£M£NT. 



cliii 



C6rylu8 AyelJ^TOL - - 2595 

C. A. purpurea < - - 2595 

C.rostrkta . - - 2596 

Flatanace(B. - 2597 

Platanus - - - 2597 

BahamitcetB. - 2597 

Liquid&mbar Styraciflua - - 2597 

Myricic€(B. - 2597 

MyricsLGdle - - - 2597 

GnetAceae. - 2597 

Fphedra americana fig. 2539. 2597 

Taxitcea. - - 2597 

7&LII8 baccJita - - - 2597 

Pbyl]6claai8 /richoinanoldea - 2597 

Coriifercs^ § AbietimB. - 2591 

Plnn» -, - - - 2597 

P. sjrlvestris - - - 2597 

P.pumilio ... 2598 

P. MMiUi Unk. 

P.p.Mugkus ... 2598 

P.nnciDto ... 2859 

?. rohmiita litak. 

/InusLaricio ... 2598 

P.aostriaca « . . 2598 

P.i^frwLlak. 

P.nigra-^ - - - 2596 



P, Pinister 




- 2598 


P, P. Lemoniafuz 




- 2599 


P. halepensb 




- 2599 


P. h. maritima - 




- 2599 


P. briitia 




- 2599 


P. ▼ari&biiis 


-fig. 


2540. 2599 


P. Lla?e^fta 




- 2599 


il^bies - 




" 2599 


A, excdlsa 




- 2599 


Picfa nUgdri* Unk. 

A. e. viminMis - 








- 2599 


P. vimhUUit AUtran. 






Ha$tgeta$me Swedlab. 

A. e. stricta 








- 2600 


A. Smithcana 




- 2601 


A, cepbal6nica « 




- 2601 


Pfcea - 




- 2601 


P. pectinita 


-fig. 


2542. 2601 


P. religidsa 


-fig. 


2543. 2602 


jLkrix europae^ - 




- 2602 


L, americdna 




- 2603 


fedrus Libani - 




- 2603 


C. Deodara 




- 2603 


Araucaria excelsa 




• 2603 


A. Ounninghimtt 


-fig. 


2545. 2603 


Danmara auatr^lb 




- 2603 


C^r^asus sempervirena 




- 2605 


«/uniperus 




- 2605 


J. hemisphaeVica Pretl 




' 2605 


Ag&ve americ^a 


-fig. 


2546.2605 



APPENDIXES. 

App. I. Form of Retum Paper .... - 2609 

App. II. List of Trees and Shrubs growing in Italy, witli their systematic 

and popular Italian Names - - - - -2610 

App. III. Priced Catalogues of Trees and Sbrubs, contributed by Bridsh and 
Continental Nurserymen - - - - -2617 

L Catalogue of American and other Tree and Shrub Seeds, imported for 

Sale by George Charlwood - « - - 2618 

IL Catidogue of Forest and Omamental Trees, American Plants, and 

Flowering Shrubs, sold by Richard Forrest - - - 2620 

III. A Ust of Trees, Plants, &c., sold by Peter Lav^n and Son, Edin- 

bnigh - - - - - • 2626 

lY. Catalogue of Hardv Trees and Shrubs cultivated for Sale in the Nur- 

sery of the Brothers Baumann, at Bollwyller - - 2635 

y. List of Trees and Shrubs taken from the Retail Catalogue of James 

Booth ond Sons, Hamburg - - - • 2646 



INDEXES. 

Iw K to Genera, including thc English Names and scientific Synonymes 
Itt X to Miacdlaiieous Subjects . - - - 

Im -* to Persons and Piaces .... 



2655 
2667 
2672 



div 



LI8T QF POBTRAITS OF TBEES 



LIST OF THE PORTRAITS OF TREES 

FORMING VOLS. V. VL VIL AND VIIL 

IV THE OKDXE IH WHICH.THXT AXX PLACXD IV THXSX TOLUMXS, WICH THX KAMX OP TRK 
PLACX WHEftX XACH TREX QK$W, AND OF THX AKTI8T WHO TOOK THX POKTKAIT. 



The Domber on the left haiid refen to the peglng of the pblet, that on tb^ right to the page of the body of 

the work where the tree Is treated of. 



VOL. V. 



1. 

2. 
3. 
4. 
5. 
6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
IL 
12. 
13. 
14. 



MAONOUilV7£j;. 

Page 

Magnblta flTandiflbra - - 261 

Brentford Niirierj. Miu EUko Bonalds, 

M. g. exoni^nsis - - - 261 

The Chif wick VUU. MiuM.L, 

M. glatica' - - - 

MOt Bnd Nonery. H. Farden, 

M. gL Thompsonulfia - 

MUe End Nurteiy. Jt. Fardm. 

M. trip^tala 

MUe £nd Naneiy. E. Fm4m, 

M. macrophf Ua • 

The Chiiwick VlUa. Miu M. L, 

M. acuminkta 

Metin. Loddigea, HadOMy. B, Fmdem, 

M. acuminkta, full-grown tree. 

Duke of Northomberland, Syon. LewU. 

M. cordkta - - - - 275 

Metm. Loddlgea, Hadmqr. R. Farden. 

M. auriculkta 

Meun. Loddiges, Hackney. 

M. (a.) pyramidkta 
Metan. Loddiget, Hacknej. 

M. conspfcua 

MUe End Nunery. B. Farden. 

Liriod^ndron Tulipifera 

Hort. Soc. Oord. F.tUaiek. 

L. Tulipifera, full-grown tree- 

Syon Houte. O. R. Lewie, 



- 267 

- 267 

- 269 
. 271 

- 278 



- 276 

B. Farden. 

- 277 

B. Fardtn. 

- 278 



- 284 



15. 

16. 

17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 



7Wa europa^a 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L, 

r. e., full-grown tree. 

Studlej Fark. H. W. Met. 

T, (e.) pla^h:f Ua . - 

. Hort Soc. Gard. Miu M, L, 

T, (e.) p. mlnor - 

Hort. Soa Oard. Miu M, L. 

T. (e.) ladnikta - 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

T, (e.) parvif 61ia atbrea 

Hort.Soc.Oard. Miu M. L. 

T, (e.) 41ba (sjn. argentea) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. MiuM. L. 



- 364 



- 365 

- 365 

- 366 

- 366 

- 372 



Page 
22. 

23. 

24. 



Page 
373 

374 

374 



25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 
32. 
33. 

34. 
35. 
36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 
41. 
42. 



T. ameriokna (srn. &lba) 

Hort Soc Gard. Miu M, L. 

r. (a.) laxiflbra - 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M L. 

T. (a.) pub^scens 

Hort. Soc Gard. Miu M. L. 

A^cer tat£ricimi . • - 

Hort. Soc. Gard. MiU M. L, 

A. spicktum ... 

Hort Soc. Gaid. Miu M. L. 

Am Btriktum • ^ - - 

Hort Soc. Gard. Miu M, L, 

A, macroph^Uum - - 

Hort Soc. Gard. Miu M, L, 

ii. platanoldes ... 

Hort. Soc Gard. Miftt M. L. 

A,p. laciniktum - - - 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

A. sacchirinum - . . 

Hort.Soc.Gard. MiuM.L. 

A, Pseiido-PUitanus 

Hort. Soc Gard. Miu M, L. 

A. Pseiido-Pl&tanus, fuU- 
grown tree. 

8tu&7 Park. B. W. Jnkes. 

A, obtus^tum (syn. hfbridum) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

A. opidifbUum . - - 

Hort Soc. Oard. Miu M, L. 

A. Cypfdus - - - - 

Hort Soc. Oard. Miu M. L. 

A. erioc4n>um ... 

Hort Soc Gaid. Miu M. L, 

A. e., fuU-grown tree. 

Bot Onrd.» Keir. I^MmHn* 

A. riibrum . - - . 424 
Hort. Soc Oard. Miu M. L, 

A, r., fuU-grown tree. 

Bot Oard., &ew. L. MarUn, 

A. monspessulknum • - 427 

Hort. Soc Gaid. MiuM.L, 

A. m., fuU-grown tree. 

Ham HoQierEtiez. H. W. Jnket. 



406 
406 
407 
408 
408 
409 
411 
414 



420 
420 
420 
423 



FOBMING VOL8. V. VI. VII. AND VIII. 



clv 



Pkig» 
43. 

44. 

45. 

46. 

47. 



A, campestre 

Hort. Soc Gard. 



Page 

- 428 
MiuM.L. 

A. c, full-grown tree, 4to. 

Studlej PariL H. W. Jmket. 

A. creticum, fiill-px>wn trte - 430 

SyoD UouM, HiddleMX. Q. R. LewfM. 

iV^rundb /hudnif olium - - 460 

Ifoit. Soc Gud. MiuM.L. 

- 460 
MUa M. L. 



N.f. crispiim 

Hon Soc GanL 



48. . ^^scolus Hippoc&stanum - 463 

Hort. Soc. Qard. Mist M. L. 

49. ^. H., full-grown tree. 

Forty Hill, fiSeld. W.J.Ne^kUL 

50. 2E. (H.) rubicdndft (sjn*! m 

dffniea) - - - J 

HoTt.Soc.G«^ Mi$$M.L 

51. Fkvid rillbra - - - 469 

Hort Soc G«rd. Miu M. L. 

52. P. r., fiiU-grown tree. 

. Syoa Houml G. R. LewU. 

53. P. r. h^milifl p^ndula - - 470 

. Hort. Soc G«rd. MiM M. L. 

54. P. £kTa - - - - 471 

HortSocGwd. Miu M. L. 

65. P. f., fulUgrown tree. 

. SyoD House. O. R. Letti». 

56. P. macrocirpa • - ' - 473 

Hort. Soc Gard. MfuM.L. 

Sapinda^cjub. 

57. Kolreut^ria paniculkta - 475 

.. Hort. SoG. Gwd. Mi$» M. L. 

Xanthoxti^^cea. 

58. XaQthozylumyraxineum - 488 

Hort.Soc. Gard. U.LeJame. 

59. Pt^trifbli^ - * - 489 

HoR. Soc G«rd. Mit» M. L. 

60. iii7(iRft» glandul^sa • - 490 

Hort Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

61. A. g., full-grown tree. 

Sj<A Honse. G. R. LevHt. 

Oei«A8tsa\;s£. 

62. ^udnymus europieHis - - 496 

Hort.Soc.Oard. Mi$» M. L. 

63. J?. latifblius - - - 498 

Hort.Soc.Gard. Mi$$M.L. 
iiQmPOIJAV^BiB. 

64. jTlez ^quifbllum - - - 505 

Bajswater. H. Le Jemte. 

65. /. ii., full-grown tree. 

Studlej PaA. U. W. Juke$. 

66. /. oplusa - - " - 516 

MeMTt. Loddlget. Mi$$ M. L. 

67. /. opitca, full-grown tree. 

Syoo HouM. G. R. Lewi$. 



- 564 

- &65 

- 590 



i^HAMNA^CB^. 
Page Page 

68. Bdidrus aculektus - - 527 

Hort. Soc Gard. Miu M. L. 

69. P. a., full-grown tree. 

Syon HouM. G. R. Lewi$. 

70. 12h^mnus cathArticus - - 531 

Hort. So(;. Oard. MiuM.L 

71. R. alplnus - - - - 536 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L 

72. R. Fr&ngula - - - 537 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

73. i2. latif blius - - - 538 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

HoMAUNA^CSwB. 

74. Aristot^lta Mdcqtd - - 543 

' Fulham Nunery. U. W. Jmke$. 

Ljbguiiino^sjb. 

75. jSbpA^ japdnica - - - 563 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

76. ^. j., full-grown tree, 4to. 

SyoD HoMM. G. R. Lewie. 

77. S. \. pendula 

Hort. Soe. Oard. Miu M. L. 

78. yirgOia mtea 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

79. CWsx^ Zabiirnum 

Hort.Soc.Gard. Miu M. L. 

80. C. Z. (^ercif blium (sjn. in- 

cisum) - - - 

Hort.. Soc. Gard. Mii$ M. L 

81. C.alplnuB ... 591 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L 

82. C.a.p^dulus - - -591 

Hessri. Loddiges. H. Le Jemte. 

83. kobinta Pseud-ilc^ia - - 609 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M L. 

84. R.. P.-^., full-grown tree. 

Kenwood. W.J.Ve^fieUL 

85. R. P.-Jl. umbracuUfera • 610 

Bayswater. U. Le Jeume. 

86. R. P.-il. tortubsa - - 610 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume- 

87. R. yiscbsa - - - - 626 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

88. R. hispida macroph^lla - - 628 

Hort. Soc. Gard. M. Le Jeune. 

89. Caragdna arbor^scens - - 629 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

90. Gleditschia triac&nthos - - 650 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

91. G. t., full-grown tree - - 650 

Syon HouM. G. R. Lev>i$. 

92. G. inermis .... 650 

Hort. Soc. Gard. JlfiM M. L. 

93. G. L, fuU-grown tree. 

Syon HoUM. G. R. Lnoi$. 

94. G. sincnsls (syn. hurridu) - 6J4 

Uort. Soc. Gard. H. Lc Jcunc. 
*S 2 



} 



590 



dvi 

Page 

96. 
97. 
98. 
99. 



LIST OF POBTRA 



G. (s.) japonica - 

Hma. Loddicw. H. Le Jeume. 

G. (s.) n^a 

HeMrs. LoddlgM. H. Le Jemme. 

G. (s.) puxpilirea - 

HMirs. LodolgM. H Le Jemme. 

G. (b.) macradbtha 

Hettn. Loddlget. H. Le Jeume, 

GymndcladaB canad^nsis 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mii$ H. L. 



Page 

- 654 

654 

- 654 

- 654 

- 656 

VOL. 

- 674 

• 680 

- 682 

• 683 
. 684 



i2o0A^CS2B. 

105. ilm/gdalos oommiinis 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

106. Pdrsica Yulgkris - 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mitt M. L. 

107. ilrmenilaca vulgkns 

Hort. Soc Gard. Mi$t M. L* 

108. A. 8ib(rica . - - 

Hort. Soc. Onrd. Mitt M. L. 

109. Prilbius spinbsa - 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jmktt. 

110. P. insitftia - - - - 687 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W.Jmket. 

111. P. dom^stica myroblilana -688 

Hort.Soc.Gurd. MiuM.L. 

112. Ci^rasus gjlY^stris - -693 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

113. C 0., full-grown tree. 

Studley Park. H. W. Jmket. 

114. C.Tul^uis- - - .693 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jewte. 

115. C. Y. semperflbrens - - 701 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

116. C. Mahaleb - - - 707 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H.LeJemme. 

117. C Pkdus - - - - 709 

Hort. Soa Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

118. C.serdtina- - - -712 

- Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

119. C luait4mca - - -714 

Syon Hoiue. H. Le Jemne. 

120. C. 1., ftdl-grown tree. 

Syon House. H. Le Jeume. 

121. CrtiteBi^am coccfnea - - 816 

Hort SocL Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

122. C.fflandulbfia - - - 817 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jetmu. 

123. > C. punctllta - - - 818 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H Le Jeume. 

124. Cpyrifblia - - - 819 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

125. C macrac4ntlia - • . 819 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

126. C Crufl-gilli - - - 820 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miet E. Ronalis. 

127. C. C, fuU-grown tree. 

Fulham Palacc. H. Le Jeune. 



T8 OF TBEES 



Pag« 
00. 



01. 
02. 
08. 
04. 

VL 
28. 

29. 

30. 

31. 

32. 

33. 

34. 

35. 

36. 

37. 

38. 

39. 

40. 

41. 

42. 

43. 
44. 
45. 
46. 
47. 
48. 
49. 
50. 
51. 



'G. c, full-grown tree. 

Syon Uouaa G. B. Letoit. 

C^xcvA iSlliqu6strum - 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mitt M. L. 

C. iS., full-grown tree. 

SyoD Houae. G. R. Lewit. 

C. canad^nsis 

Hort. SocGard. Afjit M. L. 

^ilckcia dealbkta - 

Hort. SocGard. Mist M. L. 



Page 
- 657 



- 659 

- 666 



C C./nrracanthnfbHa - - 820 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

C. C. «alicifblia - - - 820 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. LeJeume. 

C. C. OYalifblia - - - 821 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

C C. /minifblia - - - 821 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

C. n%ra .... 822 
Hort Soc. Oard. H. Le Jeume. 

C. purpiirea - - - 822 
Hoit. soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

C. Doi^lkstt - - - 823 
Horc &. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

C. fl^Ya - - - - 823 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

Capiif51ia- - - - 824 
HeMrs. LoddigM. H. Le Jeume. 

C. cordkta - - - - 825 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

C. spathul^ta - - - 825 
Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

C. Azarohu - - - 826 
Hmi ra. LoddigM. H. Le Jeume. 

C. marocckna . - • 827 
Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeuue* 

C. ./Irbnia .... 827 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jemme. 

C. orientidis (sjn. odoratCs- 1 ^^ 

sima) " ■ • J 
Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemete. 

C. tanacetifblia . - . 828 
Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

C t. glkbra - - .828 
Messrs. LoddigM. H. Le Jemme. 

C. t. Leeofia ... 828 

Leyton Nurtery. H. Le Jemme. 

C heteropMIla ... 829 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. LeJemme. 

C. Oxyac4ntba ... 829 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. LeJemme. 

C. O., full-grown tree. 

Studlej Park. H. W. Jmket. 

C O. obtuskta ... 830 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemue. 

C. O. laciniltta - - . 830 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. Lc Jeune. 

C. O. erioc&rpa - - - 831 
Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Lc Jvmne. 



FORMIN6 VOLS. V. VI. VII. AND VIII. 



clvii 



152. C. O. Olivertoiia • - 831 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemne. 

153. C. O. melanoc4rpa - - 831 

Hoit. Soe. Gard. H. LeJewne. 

154. C. O. strfcta - - - 832 

Hort. 8oc. Gard. Miu K. RoneUds, 

155. C, O. re^n» - - - 882 

Mnsrt. Loddiges. U, LeJemme. 

[56. C mexickna ... 843 
Messn. Loddlges. H. Le Jetme. 

157. Photfnia serrulkta - - 868 

Sjron House. H, Le Jetme. 

158. Ck>tonelister fHgida - - 871 

Hort Soc. Gard. //. Le Jeune. 

159. C. afflnis - - - - 871 

Uort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeime 

lea C. acuminkta - - - 872 

FulhuB Nursery. Mits M. L. 

161. C.nummulkria - - - 872 

Hort. Soc. Gord. H. Le Jeune. 

162* Ameldnchier Botrykpium - 874 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

I6d. A. Botryap., ^U-grown tree. 

Syon riouse. O. R. Lewis. 

164. ikfespilus germ4nica - - 877 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

165. M. Smfthu - - - - 878 

Hort. SoG. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

166. P^rus commilnis - - - 880 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemne. 

167. P. c. var.full-grown tree, 4to. 

Hamley Cottage. Q. R. Leutis. 

168. P. c var. Glout Morceau - 881 

Bayswater. H. Le Jemne. 

169. P. sinkica - - - - 889 

Hort. 8oe. Oard. H. LeJemne. 

170. P. sin&isis - - - - 889 

Hort. Soc. Gard. MUs M. L. 

171. P. bollwyllerikna - - 890 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jmkes. 

172. P. variolbsa - - - 891 

Hort. Soc. (Sard. H. W. Jmkes. 

[73. P.Jnaus . - - - 891 
Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jemme. 

174. P. M. var. full-grown tree. 

Tlbberton. O. R. Lewis, 

[75. P. bacckta - - - 892 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

76. P. (M.) coronkria - - 908 

Hort.Soc.Gard. H.W.Jmkes. 

[77. P. (M.) angustifblia - - 909 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemme. 

178. P. (M.) spectdbilis - - 909 

Hort. Soc. Oard. H. Le Jemne. 

179. P. -4'ria undulkta - - 910 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. W. Jmkes. 

180. P. vesata - - - - 912 

Messrs. Loddlges. Miu M. L. 

[81. P. torminUis - - - 913 

Hort. Soe. Gard. H. W. Jnkes. 



Pag« P»ge 

82. P. pinnatifida - - - 915 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jemne. 

83. P. aucupkria - - - 916 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

84. P. americkna - - - 920 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jmkes. 

85. P. 56rbus - - - - 921 

■ Messrs. Loddlges. Miss M. L. 

86. P. S. h^brida lanugin^sa - 924 

Hort. 6oc. Gard. H. W. Jmkes. 

87. P. (S.) spiiria - - - 924 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jukes. 

88. Cydbnia vulgkris - - 929 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemne. 

89. C. sin^nsis - - - - 931 
Hoit. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemne. 

j9fniTA^CE£. 

90. Eucal^ptus robiista - - 959 

Stamford Hlll. L. Martin. 
CoBKA^CEiB. 

91. Cdmusm&s ... 1014 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemne. 

Capbifolia^ce^. 

92. 5ambiicus nlgra - - 1027 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemne. 

93. Fiburnum orunifolium - 1034 
Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemne, 

J^BIGA^GB^. 

94. il'rbutus h^^brida - - 1119 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemme. 

95. il. ilndrachne - - - 1120 
Messrs. Loddfges. H. Le Jemne. 

HalB8/.(<V£S. 

96. Hal^sta tetr&ptera - - 1190 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemne. 

97. H. t., fuU-grown tree. 

Syon Hoose. O. R. Leuris. 
EVKSA^CBX, 

98. iMosp^ros Z6tus - - 1194 

Bayswater. H. Le Jemne. 

99. 2>. Z., fuU-grown tree. 

Syon House. G. R. Leuris. 

200. D. virgini^a - - - 1195 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jemne. 

201. D. V., full-grown tree. 

Syott House. G, R. Levris. 
OLEA^CEiB. 

202. PHixinus excclsior - - 1214 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jemne. 

203. F. e., full-grown tree. 

Kcnsitigton Gardens. J. Martin. 

204. F. e., full-grown winter tree, 4to. 

Studley Fark. H. W. Jukes. 

205. F. e. pendula - - - 1214 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 
• S 3 



clviii 



LI8T OF PORTKAITS OF TBEES 



P««8 

206. 
207. 
208. 
209. 
210. 



P*g« 
F, BimplicifbUa - - - 1228 

Hort. Soc. Gftrd. H. Le Jrtuu. 

F. parvifbUa - - - 1229 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H, Le Jemne. 

F. /entisciftUa - - - 1281 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jemme. 

F. americkna - - - 1232 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jenme. 

F. yuglandifblia, fiill-l ^ ,236 
grown tree, 4to - J 
Pope'» Villa, XwtckeDbam. H. Le Jptme. \ 



Page 
211. 



212. 

213. 
214. 



215. 
216. 

217. 
218. 
219. 



Bignon/^Vm. 
Catcdpa syring<g£o]iA - 

Bayswater. H. Le Jeuue. 

C. s., ftill-grown tree. 

Sjroa Houte. G. R. Lewi». 
ZAnSA^C&£. 



voL. vn. 

232. 



- 1261 



- 1297 



220. 



221. 
222. 



223. 
224. 
225. 
226. 
• 227. 

228. 
229. 

230. 
231. 



Xaunis nobiliir - 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

L. Sdsmfras - - - 1301 

Kensinfiton Nursery. Miss 3f. L. 

L. iS., ftdl-grown tree. 

Sjon House. G. R. Lewi*. 
SaNTALjC CEJB. 

Iffdaa biflbra, ftill-grownl jgj^ 
tree - - - f 

Thom8on's ViUa, Richmond. Le Jettne. 
FURJLQVA^CHJE. 

JSlfBkgnus orlentalis - - 1321 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

JEnppophae Rhamnoides l ,«„- 

angustifblia - J 

Messrs. Loddige*. C. Raueh. 

CTbtica^ceje. 

JWbrusnigra - - - 1343 
Hessrs. Loddiges. H. Le Jeume. 

M. n., fiill-grown tree. 

Battenea. H. W^Jukes. 

Af. Idba - " - - 1348 

Hort Soc. Oard. H. Le Jeune. 

M. a., ftdl-grown tree, 4to. 

Syon House. H. Le Jeune. 

M. riibra (syn. pennsyl-l ,„-q 

v&nica) " - J 
Hort. Soc. Gard. M^ M. L. 

Brousson^tta papyrffera - 1361 

Kew Botanic Gardens. H. Le Jeune. 

Plcus Carica - - - 1365 

Mile £nd Nursery. H. W. Jukes. 
^LMA^CEiE. 

U^lmus carapestris - - 1374 

Hort. .Soc. Gard. Affj* M. L. 

U. c, fuU-grown tree. 

Kensington Gardens. J. MarUn. 



233. 
234. 
235. 
236. 
237. 
238. 
239. 
240. 
241. 
242. 
243. 
244. 
245. 
246. 
247. 
248. 
249. 



250. 
251. 
252. 
253. 



Page 

F. 14ncea - - - - 1237 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

F. pannosa, full-grownl ,„40 

tree - - - J 
Ham House, Essex. L. Mariin. 

0'mu8 europae^a - - 1241 

Hort, Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

O. e., full-grown iree. 

Syon Hoose. 0. R. Leu>i$. 



U. c. stHcta, fiill-grownl ,«^- 
tree, 4to - - J 

MuswdlHilL MistM.L. 

U. c. viminalifl - - - 1376 
Hort. Soc Gard. H. W. Jukes. 

t7jplanif5Ua - - - 1377 

Hort Soc Gard. H. W. Jvkes. 

U. (c.) suberbsa - - 1395 

Hort. Soa Gard. H. W. Jukes. 

U. mkjor - - - - 1396 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

U. m., full-grown tree. 

Stodley Park. H. W. Jukes. 

U. effitea - - . - 1397 

Hort. SoG. Gard. H. n^ Jukes. 

U. c, winter tree. 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. W. Jmkes, 

U. mont^a m^jor - - 1398 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H W. Jtikes. 

U. m. p^ndula (syn. riibra) 1398 

Hort. Soc. Gard. C. Raueh. 

U. m. fastigikta - • . 1899 

- Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

U. americkna - • - 1406 

Hort Soc. GanL H. Le Jeune. 

U. a., incisa . - - 14O6 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

P14nera Rich&rdt - - 1409 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

P. R., ftill-grown tree. 

Syon House. G. R. Levri*. 

C^ltis Toumefortti - - 1416 

Hort Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

C.occidentldis - - 1417 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

C. o., fuU-grown tree. 

Sjron Houte. G. R. Letais. 



•7UGLANDA^CR£. 

«T&glansr^a - - - 1423 

Hort Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 
J. r., full-grown tree. 

Chiswiclc Villa. W. A. Ne^ld. 

J. r., fuU-grown winter tree. 

Studlcy Park. H W. Jukcs. 

J. nlgra - - - - 1435 
Hort Soc. Gard. C. Ramek. 



FOBMIN6 VOLS. V. VI. VII. AND VIII. 



dix 



Page 
254. 

255. 

256. 

257. 



258. 
259. 
260. 
261. 
262. 
263. 
264. 
265. 
266. 
267. 
268. 
269. 
270. 
271. 
272. 
278. 
274. 
275. 
276. 
277. 
278. 
279. 
280. 



281. 



J. n., fiill-grDwn tree, 4to. 

Syoo Houae. G. R, Lewii. 

J. cin^rea • • . 

Hofft. Soc Gard. a Bamek. 

CkrjtL 41ba, fttU-grownl 
tree - - - j 

ParMr*iCroa. L.UarUm, 

Pterodurya candisica - 

Hort. Soc. Gsrd. C. Ramdk. 

S^Jjx. babjldnica 

Hort. Soc. Gaid. H. W. Met. 

S. b. crfspa ... 

■ Hoit. Soc Gard. H. W. Jtikei. 

S.Mgi]lB 

Hort. Soc. Gftrd. B. Le Jtmt. 

iSL&lba - 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemme. 

S. a., fhll-grown tree. 

Tumham Green. H. W. Juket. 

S. vitellina ... 
Hort. Soc. Gtfd. H.W.Jmket. 

Pdpulus&lba .. . . 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mlu J. L. 

P. can^scens ... 

Hort. Soc^ Gard. MitaJ.L. 

P. tifmula ... 

Hoil^ Soc: Ottd. UiuJ.L. 

P. t. p^ndula ... 

lle«n. Loddiges. H. Le Jeume. 

P. gitB^ca - - - - 

I&rt. Soc. Gerd. Miu J. L. 

P. nilgra - - - . 
Hon. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeuae. 

P. n., winter tree. 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. Le Jetme^ 

P. n., fuIl-groWn tree, 4to. 

Lambeth Palace. MiuM.L. 
P. monilifera • - . 

Hort. Soc. Oard. Mi$» J. L. 

' P. m., winter tree. 

Bay iwater. H. Le Jeume. 

P. m., full-grown tree, 4to. 

Syon HouM. Q. R. Lewi». 

P. fastigi&ta (syn. dilat^ta) - 

Hort. 8oc. Garo. Miu J. L. 

P. angulltta ... 

Hort Soc. Gard. Miu J. L. 

P. a., full-grown tree. 

Syon Hooie. O. R. Lewie. 

P. balsamffera - - . 

Leyton Naraery. H. Le Jeune. 

P. b., full-grown tree. 

Syon HouM. H. Le Jeune. 

P. doidicans ... 

' Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu J. L. 
PsTULA^CEA. 

illnus glutinbsa 

Hort. »oc Qard. Miu M. L. 



Page 


Page 
282. 


1439 


283. 


1446 


284. 


1451 


285. 
286. 


1507 
1514 
1516 


287. 
288» 
289. 


1522 




• 


290. 


1528 


291. 


1638 


292. 


1639 


293. 


1645 


294. 


1646 


295. 


1651 


296. 


1652 


297. 




298. 




299. 


1657 


300. 




301. 




302. 


1660 




1670 


803. 




304« 


1678 


305. 




306. 


1676 


307. 


. 


308. 


1678 


309. 



Page 

A. g. laciniftta ... 1678 

iSati. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jukee. 

A. g. 1. ftill-grown tree, 4to. 

Syon Houte. W. A. Ne^fleld. 

A. cordif blia ... 1889 

Hort.Soc.Gard. MiuM.L. 

^etula 61ba p^dula - - 1691 

Hort. Soc Gard. Miu M. L. 

'.B. iK>pulif blia • « . 1707 

Bort Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

B.pKpjrkcetb ... 1706 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

jB. nkra .... 1710 
Ha4£aqr Arboretam. H.LeJetme. 

B» n., winter tree. 

FuUiam Nurfeiy. L. Martim. 
CoBTLA^CSiB. 

~Qu&cus pedunculkta - 1731 

Hort. Soc. Oard. Miu M. L. 

Q. p., fuU-grown tree. 

Kentington Oardeni. J. Martim. 

Q. p., winter tree. 

StudleyPark. H.W.Jutei. 

Q. p.~&8tigikta • - - 1731 
Hort. Soc Gard. Miu M. L. 

Q. sessiliflbra ... 1736 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

Q. 8., full-grown tree, 4to. 

Woburn Abbejr. W. A. Netifield. 

Q. s., winter tree. 

Studley Park. H. W. Juket. 

Q. ^'sculus - - - 1844 

Hort Soc Oard. Miu M. L. 

Q. C^rris - - . - 1846 
Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

Q. C, full-grown tree, 4to. 

Syon Houte. Q. R. Lewit. 

Q. C. winter-tree, 4to. 

MusweUHUl. MiuM.L. 

Q. C. austi^aca ... 1848 

Hort. Soc. Oard. Miu M, L. 

Q. C. fulhanidnsis (syn.l .q.^ 
dentkta) - . Y loQQ 

Hort. Soc. Oard. Miu M. L. 

Q. C. f., full-grown tree. 

Fttlbaflii Munery. L. MarH». 

Q. C. f., winter tree, 4to. 

Fulbam Nunery. H. Le Jeuue. 

Q. C. Lucombediia - - 1857 

Hort Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

Q. C. L. winter tree. 

Fulham Nurtery. H. Le Jeume. 

Q. C. ^'gilops - - 1861 

Hackney Arboretom. H. Le Jeune. 

Q. JE«, full-grown tree. 

Syon Housc G. R. Lewie. 

Q. 41ba .... 1864 

Hackney Arboretum. H. Le Jeume. 



clx 



LIST OF PORTKAITS OF TREES 



VoL. vin. 



Page 

310. Qucrcufl mocroc&rpa 

Hackney Arbaretum. H. Le Jt 

311. Q. obtusfloba 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Uist M. L. 

312. Q. Prinus paKistris • 

Leytoo Nur«ery. Miu M. L. 

313. Q. P. montfcola 

Leyton Nurtery. Miu M. L* 

814. Q. P. tomentdea 

Leyton Nurtery. Mit$ M. L. 

815. Q. i^bra 

Hort. Soc. Gtfd. Miu M. L. 

816. Q. r., fiill-grown tree, 4to. 

SyoD Hoaie. O. R. Lewit, 

317. Q. r., winter tree. 

Fulham Nunery. L. Martim. 

818« Q. coccinea 

Puner*s Croti. Mitt M. L. 

319. Q. c, full-grown tree. 

MnawellHSl. Mitt M. L. 

820. Q. ambigua 

Hort.Soc.Gard. MittM.L. 

821. Q. tinctbria 

Hackney Arboretum. H. Le Jeume. 

322. Q. palilstris ... 

LeytoD Nurtery. H. Le Jnme. 

323. Q. pallistris, full-grown tree. 

SyoD Hoiue. H. Le Jeune, 

324. Q. Phaios, 4to. 

Syon Houte. G. B. Letpit, 

825. Q. P. latifblius 

Hackney Arboretum. L. Martht. 

326. Q. riexy fuU-grown tree - 

Syon Houae. S. R. Lewit. 

827. Q./. latifbUa - 

Hort Soc Gard. Mist M. L. 

328. Q. I. longifblia (syn. an- 

gustifolia) - 

Hort Soc Gard. Mitt M. L. 

329. ' Q. gramiintia, full-grown 1 

tree ■ " J 

Purter*s Cross. Mitt M. L. 

330. Q. Shher, full-grown tree - 

Fulham Nursery. L. Marti». 

331. Q. <S., full-grown tree 

MosweU HiU. H. Le Jetme. 

332. Q. S. dentktum, full-grown 1 

tree ' * * I 
HuswellHilL H.LeJemsu. 

333. Q. vlrens - - - 

Chiswick VilU. L. Martim. 

834. JPllgus sylv^tica 

Hort Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

335. F. 8. cristilta (syn. crispa) - 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

336. F. 8. pendula - - - 

Kensington Nursery. Mitt M. L. 

837. F. 8. p., fuU-grown tree. 

Oundle. M. J. B. 



} 



Page 
869 

870 
872 
873 
876 
877 



879 

881 

884 
887 

894 
895 
899 
899 

900 

906 

911 
911 

913 

918 
950 
952 
952 



Page 

388. 

389. 
340. 
341. 
342. 
343. 
344. 
345. 
346. 



CastlUieav^a - 

Hort Soc. GaitL Mitt M. L. 

C. v., full-grown tree. 

Muswell HUI. Mitt M. L. 

C4rpinus ^^tulus 

Hort Soc. Gard. Mitt M. L. 

C. B.^ full-grown tree. 

Chiswick Villa. L. Martim. 

O^strya vulgkris 

Hort Soc. &rd. Mitt M, L. 

O. V., ixdl-grown tree. 

Bot Gard. Kew. Mist M. L. 

O. virgfnica - - - 

Hort Soc. Gard. C Bamck. 

Corylus CoKkma 

Mile End Nursery. H. W. JmJtet. 

C. C, full-grown tree. 

Syon House. G. B. Lewit, 



Page 
1983 



- 2004 



- 2015 



2015 
2029 



PLATANA^CEiB. 



347. 

348. 
349. 
350. 
351. 
352. 



- 2033 



- 2034 



353. 
354. 



355. 
356. 
357. 
358. 
359. 
360. 



361. 
362. 



Plitanus orientMis - 

Hort Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

P. o., winter tree. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

P. o. ocerif bUa 

Hort Soc. Gard, H. W. Jukes, 

P. o. a., fuU-grown tree. 

Elmsburst Finchley. W. A. Ne^Ul. 

P. o. cuneata - - - 2034 

Hort Soc. Gard. MiuM.L. 

P. occidentjdis - - 2043 

Hort Soc. Gard. H, W. Juket. 



J9al8Ama'c&s. 

Liquid&nibar Styraciflua - 2049 
' Hort Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

L. S., fuU-grown tree. 

Syon House G. B Lewft, 
7!AXA'CBiB. 

I%xufl baccaU - - - 2066 

Hort Soc. Gard. Miu M. L, 

T. b., tree at HarUngton. 

Harlington. Miu M. L. 

T. b.» tree at Darley. 

Darley. J. E. Bowmttn, 

T, b. fastigikta - - 2066 

Hort Soc. Gard. Miu M. L, 

SaUsbiiria adiantifbUa - 2049 

Messrs. Loddiges. Mitt M. L. 

S. a., fuU-grown tree. 

Mile End Nursery. H. W. Juket. 
CoNI^FEIliE, § AbIE'tUHJE. 

Pinus sylvdstris - - 2153 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

P. s., fuU-grown tree. 

Pain'sHUL H. Le Jemme. 



FORMINO VOL8. V. VI. VII. AND VIII. 



clxi 



Fnce 
363. 

364. 

365. 

366. 

367. 

368. 

369. 

370. 

371. 

372. 

373. 

374. 

875. 

876. 

877. 

878. 

879. 

880. 

881. 

882. 

883. 

384. 

385. 

886. 

387. 

388. 



P. 8., fuU-grbwn tree. 

HiuweU Hni. W, A. Ne^fidd. 

P, 8. geneT^nsis 

Hort. 8oc. Gard. H. Le Jernne. 

P. Larfcio 

Hoit. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jemne. 

P. L., fuU-grown tree. 

Keir. H.LeJe 



Page 

2158 
2200 



P. Pallasidna - 

Hort 9dc. Gard. G. R. Lewit. 

P. Pinister 

Hort Soc Gerd. H. Le Jewu. 

P. P. fuli-grown tree. 

Hendon. Z. Martim. 
P.Pinea ... 

Hort. Soc Gard. H, Le Jeune. 

P. halepensis - 

Hort. Soc. Gerd. O. Jl. Lewit. 

P. 7\eMa, full-grown tree < 

Syon Hoitse. O. B. Lewii, 

P. rigida 

Dropmore; ' H. Le Jeune. 

P. r^da, full-grown tree. 

Paia^fHiU. H.LeJeune. 

P. serotina 

Dropmore. H. Le Jeune. 

P. Cembra 
Kew. L, Mortin. 

P. 5tr5bu8 

Hort. Soa Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

.^^bies exc^lsa - 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

A. e., full-grown tree. 

SyoD Houie. H. Le Jeune. 

A. e., full-grown tree. 

Studle:f Park. H.W.Juket. 

A. e. nlgra 

Studley Park. H.W.Juket. 

il.&lba - 

Hort Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

A. Smithtaiia - 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

A. Doilfflast 

Hort. &e. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

A. canad^nsis - 

Syon House. H. Le Jeune. 

A. c, fiiil-grown tree. 

Whitton Park. H. Le Jeune. 

A. c, full-grown tree. 

StudlejPark. H.W.Juket. 

P^cea pectinkta 

LeytoD Nunery. H. Le Jeune. 



2206 
2213 



2224 
2231 
2237 
2239 



2242 
2274 
2280 
2293 



2294 
2310 
2317 
2319 
2322 



- 2329 



Pag^ Page 

389. P. p., full-grown trce. 

Syon HouM. H. Le Jeune. 

390. P. p., full-grown tree. 

Iu»eneath. Copiedfrom StruU. 

391. P. balpamifera - - - 2339 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

392. Z^ix europffi'a - - 2350 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

393. L. e., larse tree. 

Keuwood.. O. R. Lewii. 

394. X. americkna riibra - - 2399 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

395. L. SL r., full-grown tree. 

Syon Hooie. H.. Le Jeune. 

396. C^drus Libani - - - 2402 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Jje Jeune. 

397. C. L., full-grown tree, 4to. 

Syon Houie. G. R. Leunt. 

398. C. L., full-grown tree. 

Kenwood. O. B. Lewit. 

399. C. L., full-grown tree. 

Fozley HaU. G. B. Lewit. 

400. C. L. glatica, ftdl-grown tree. 

Thomton'» Villa. S. Le Jeune. 



OuFBB^ssnrjB. 

401. ThhjA occidentMis - - 2454 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mitt M. L, 

402. T. orientidis strfcta - - 2459 

Hort. Soc Gard. Mbt M. L. 

403. Cupr&sus sempervlrens • lU64 

Hort Soc Gard. Jjfiff M. L. 

404. C 8. horizontidis - - 2464 

Hort. Soc Gard. MiitM.L. 

405. C.lusit&nica ... 2477 

Hort. Soc. Gard Mitt M. L. 

406. Taxbdium distichum - - 2481 

Hoit. Soc Gard. Mitt M. L, 

407. T. d., full-grown tree. 

Syon Houte. O. B. Lewit. 

408. «Tunfperus phcenfcea ^ 2501 

Hort Soc GanL Mitt M. L. 

409. J. p., full-grown tree. 

Syon Houae. G. B. Lewit. 

410. «TlvirginilUia ... 2495 

Hort. Soc Gard. Mitt M. L, 

411. J. V., full-grown tree. 

SyoD HooM. O. B. Lewit. 

412. J. chin^nsis (exc^lsa) • 2505 

Hort.Soc.Gard. MittM,L, 



cbdi 



LI8T OF FOBTBAITS OF ENTIBE TB£BS AND SHBUBS 



LIST OF THE POBTRAITS OF ENTIRE TREES AND SHRUBS 
GIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT IN V0L8. L IL UL AND IV. 



Flgim FiRB 
. 35 281 



MagnoliacesR. 

Mkgn^ui ooBspicua 

RoaA indica - - - - 546 

«ahciiolia J 

Oxyacintha reglnae - • S56 

PjmB tormiDalis - - - 641 

i96rbuB - • • - - 644 

Mi^tdce€e. 

Melaleikca linearifolia 
Eucal^tus reunSfera 

robiista - - - 

jriperita - - - 
Ang6phora lanceolita^ - 
Leptosp^rmum «oopirium 



809 

820 

63S 
914 
922 



- 665 957 

- 691 959 

2467 2567 
« 690 959 
. 702 961 

2468 2568 



Hamameliddcea, 



. 757 1008 



- 2493 2575 



- 1023 

- 1030 
. 1049 
. 1045 
. 1067 



1202 
1206 
1226 
1216 
1243 



1120 1275 



1204 1323 



ITamamdlis yirgimca 

'Ericdcea. 

i4'rbutus ^dr6chne 

Oledcea, 

jLtg6strum li^cidum «• 
Chioninthus virginica * 
JPV&xinus ezc^lsior 

p6ndula 
O^mus europs^a 

Solandcea, 

Bmgni&Dsta suav^lens - 

'Edaagndcea. 

Elae&gnuB arg6ntea 

Urticdce^e. 

illdrus nigra 

at Canterbury 

Ulmdcea. 

mmus camp68tris r 1838, 1239 ||g^ 

monana - - 1^*3» ^^^^{itS 
P14nera BicWWt - - 1250 1412 

Salicdcea. 

J&Ux babyl6nica - - 1308 

BusseUftaaa - 1312, 1313 1 

4lba - - - 1316 

i^pulus nlgra - - 1514 

fartigiilta - - 1519 



1222 
2586 



1345 
2586 



1514 
1520 
1521 
1527 
1655 
1660 



Bettildce^e. 

^lnus glutioosa ladni&ta 
J96tu]a ilba 

Con/ldcea. 

Qu6rcus pedunculata 



1586 



peduncuUta p^ndula 

sessilifldra - . 1585» 

pedunculata, or sessiliilora : 
Oak shattered by ligfatntng 
Heroe*s Oak . 1588, 

Wootton Oak - 
Meayy Oak • - . 
Flitton Oak 
Hatfield Broad Oak 
Shordley Oak 
Moccas Park Oak 
Panshanger Oak 
Majesty Oak 
Stately Oak 

Sir PhiUp Sydney*8 Oak 
Nannau Oak 
Chandos Oak - 
Merton Oak . 

Winiarthing Oak - 1608. 1623 

Gog Oak ... 

Magog Oak 

Salcey Forest Oak 

The I>uke*8 Walkingstick 

Greendale Oak . 1608, 

Parliament Oak 

Shdton Oak 

Swilcar Lawn Oak 

Squiteh Oak . 

B^gar's Oak 

Queen £liabeth*s Oak - 



figniv Pain 
- 1542 1686 
. 1550 1693 



1580 1741 

1581 1742 

1582 1742 
1587 1746 
1568 1732 

1744 
1745 




{ 



1643 1813 

1589 1755 

1590 1756 

1591 1757 

1592 1758 

1593 1759 

1594 1760 

1595 1762 

1596 1762 

1597 1762 

1598 1762 

1599 1763 

1600 1763 

1601 1763 

1602 1764 
1764 

775 

1604 1765 

1605 1765 

1606 1766 






BuU Oak . 
Goepel Oak 
Creeping Oak 
KingOak . 



• 1616. 1625 



- 1617. 

- 1618. 
. 1619. 

- 1620. 



Cowthorpe Oak 

Wallace Oak - 
Chapel Oak of AUonvUle 
Specimen of an old Oak 
Cobham Oak 
Ashton Oak 
Weisbaden Oak . 



162§ 



1632 



1633 



1624 



OIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxiii 



Q. Cerris Luoombedna 
crlspa - 

paliistris 
^ikber 
.F^us sylvitica 



{1712 
1713 

- 1718 
. 1727 

- 1761 
. 1080 

- 1878 



Inosculatod Beech 1881. 1884 

Great Beech at Windsor | }^ 

Queen Beech 
Ashridge Beedies 
Ecdes Beech 
Earrs Mill Beech 
Gnmge Hall Beeeh 
Marnage Beech 
Outinea y^sca 

Tortworth Giestnut 
Cobham Chestnut 
Waldershaw Chestnut 

abrpinus j96tulus - 193S. 1935 



- 1909 
191Q» 1911 

- 1912 

- 1913 
. 1914 

. - 2536 

- 1923 
. 1924 

- 1925 
. 1926 



Vlatandcene* 

TabemciDontJUui altemifdlia . 1956 

PUtanns orientilis . . 1957 

oocidentiUis ... 196O 



1852 
1853 
1858 
1866 
1888 
1916 
1955 
1971 
1976 
1977 
1977 
1978 
1978 
1979 
1979 
2594 
1986 
1988 
1989 
2001 

{2005 
2007 

2036 
2037 
2044 



Casuarhcea. 

Casuaiina equisetifi&lia - . 1972 

T!axdcea. 

TkxoB baoeilta fiutigiata at 
Comber • • 

r. baodltaat Foontains Abbey 

Buckland 
Harlington 
Mamhilad - 
Gresford - 
Fortingal 
WestJelton - 
Stodley - 
Salisbiiria adiantifoUa in thel 
Leyden Botanic^Garden J 

Contferaj J AbifyintE. 

2%itts sylv^tris at Studley . 2050 

Group ci, inj 2052 
Strath^ \2055 
(s.) pumllio MHghm - 2061 
pumilio ... 2063 
Banksi^Mi ... 2067 
hiops - - . 2071 

p4ngeDS - . . 8080 



2061 



1982 2067 



1983 
1984 
1985 
1986 
1987 
1988 
1989 
1990 
1991 



2069 
2074 
2075 
2077 
2077 
2078 
2079 
2083 
2093 



1994 2099 



2163 
2163 
2185 
2164 
2185 
2188 
2190 
2191 
2194 
2199 



PSnus resindsa 
Pinea 
Ts>6a, 
pondcrdsa 
Sabini^na 
Colilter» . 
longifolia 
austrMis 
canari^nsis 
leiophylla 
Cimbra 
iStrobus 

eicdlsa 

Lambertu2ita 

A\iia ezcdlsa 



2201, 2202 



- 2214.2218 



Flgora P^ 
2097 2212 
2108 2227 
2122 2239 
2136 2245 
2141 2249 
2147 2252 
2152 2253 
2160 2258 
2166 2263 
2187 2274 
2192 2277 
2196 2282 
2287 
2288 
2907 2290 
2226 



n2gm . . 2226, 

Picea pectidlta at Roseneath . 
at Studley 
Webbta»a . 
lAnx europs^a at Syon 

Dunkdd 

Dalwick . | 

Cildrus LilMbii at Syon 

Enfield 
Chebsa 
Croome 
xiammersnuth 
Gray 

Quenby Hall 
Deoddra ... 
Arauciria imbrieita 
ezc^lsa . . 
Cunninghimu 

J Cupressina. 



2227 



{ 

i2390 
2313 
2314 



} 



2356 



2239 2332 

2542 2602 

2253 2345 

2259 2S5S 

2260 2355 
2261 
2262 

2268 2404 

2269 2404 

2270 2405 

2271 2405 

2272 2406 

2273 2406 
2544 2603 
2285 2429 
2293 2435 
2302 2443 
2305 2445 



- 2313 2314 



jHiikja occidentiUis 

Cupr^us semperrhrens at Soma 

at Croome 

s. horisonUUis at Croome - 

Tazodium distichum at Studley 

niktans < 
i/uniperus eommi^ni» 

JJlidceie, 

F&cca gloridsa 
alolfolia 



{ 



2455 



2456 

2325 2470 

2322 2466 

2321 2466 

2339 2486 
2336 
2337 

2350 9492 



} 



2482 



• 2391 2522 
- 2394 2524 



JmofyUidese. 

Fouicr6ya longasVa - . 2402 2528 

Littie^a gemmSora - . 2403 2529 

Agave americana - . 2546 2606 



t 2 



clxiv LIST OF LANDSCAPES INTRODUCED IN THE TEXT. 

LIST OF LANDSCAPES 

INTRODUCED IN THE TEXT IN ORDER TO SHOW THE EFFECT 
OF PARTICULAR SPECIES OF TREES IN SCENERY. 



Figm Page 

1006 1185 

1217 1S38 

1218 1338 



1521 1663 

1522 1664 



^ricdcea. 

An EHeaeetum to shov the eflfect of a Gardenof American Eri- 1 

caceee in a bottom, surrounded by billy and woody Scenery J 

£i9>Aor6iacea). Buxu» s e mp ervlretu, Part of a t*arterre of em- 

broidery in Dwarf Boz .... - 

Chateau de Ricfaelieu, to show the effeet of embroidered 

Parterres in Boz - - - - 

Salicdcea. 

SdHx habyUnica. Villa of Consequa at Canton - - 1302 1508 

Churehyard in Baden - ... 1303 1509 

Valeof Tombsin China . - - 1304 1510 

Views in the Park at Monza, in Lombardy - - 1305. to 1307 1512, 1513 

TSpubu fcutiffidtom Bridge to show the contrast between its" 

horizontal lines and the perpendicular lines of the - 

Lombardy Foplars ... 

Stable Offices, &e., with Poplars, to show the contrast 

between the horizontal lines of the Buildings and the ^- 

▼ertical ones of the Trees - - - -J 

Groups of round-headed Trees broken by Poplars - 1523, 1524, 1524a 1664, 1665 

Waterfall in the Gardens of Schwezinffen, in Baden, with *) , ^ ^^ , ^^^ 

Lombardy PopUrs - - - -J 

Ettliger Thor Carlsruhe ... 1526 1666 

Tivoli Gardens, Vienna - - - - 1527 1666 

Ch&teau de NeuviUer, near Nancy - - 1528 1667 

Landscape by Domenichino, showing Lombardy Poplarsl , .^0 1/7^7 

supportingtheeffectofaTower - - -J ^^^^ ^^**^ 
Poplars in the Cemetery at Pere 1a Chaise - - 1530, 1531 1668, 1669 

Entnmce to the Botanie Garden at Munich - - 1532 1670 

Poplars with a modem Villa - - - 2277 2421 

Beiuldcecp, 

B^tuluM, Landflcape near the Lake Petrovskoyi, near Mos-*) . -^. .^^ 

cow, composed principally of Birch Woods . . j ^ "^ 

Coryldcea. 

QuircuB peduneulitta and sestiKfi^a. Groups of Oak Trees by \ , g„Q to 1 631 1 791 
Strutt - - - - - -J* 

Scenes in Savemake Forest, by Strutt - - - 1632, 1633 1792 

Old Oak and Rock, by Strutt - - - 1634 1793 

Oaks tom up by a Whirlwind .... 1644 1814 

Wistman's Wood - - - - 1694 1839 

Q. r&x. St. Michael*s Mount, Comwall - - - 1782 1903 

Coniferue. 

AbiSHna. Views in Pine Forests in America - - 2004, 2005 2117, 2118 

Pine Forest on fire - - - - - - 2011 2138 

A^bies ezdha on the Pass of Kroglevin, in Norway - 2219 2301 

Other Viewsin Nor^y, showing the effect of the Spmce 1 g^^o. to 2222 2302, 2303 
Fir alone, and oombmed with other Trees - ~ ~ J 

Lart* e«rop«^a. Views in the Tyrol, showing the effect of 1 ^g^^ ^358 

Larches m Mountam Scenery . . . J ' ' 

Cidru» LibcLfd. Cedars on Mount Lebanon ... 2274 2411 

Landscapes showing the effect of Cedars in composition'! 00*7 e ooTf o^on ojloi 

with Architectural Scenery - - - J *^^^' ^^^^ ^*^* ^*^^ 

Grove of Cedars - . . . . 2278 2422 

Cedars in Landsci^ies, contrasted with other Trees - 2279. to 2282 2422. to 2425 



JLIST OP ENGRAVINGS OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS. 



clxv 



LIST OF ENGRAVINGS 

OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS OF TREES AND SHRUBS GIVEN 

ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



T^nunctddcea. 

FlglM 

- 9 

- 10 

- 11 
. 12 

- 13 

- 14 

- 15 

- 16 

- 17 

- 18 
- Suppl. 2407 

- 19 
SuppL 2408 

- 20 



^^matis FUbamula - 

orientiUis 

gladca 

VitJUba 

Tirginiibia - 

Vioma 

eyUodrica 

Slmau 

reticulita 

florida 

cterJUea 

Vitic^lla - 

baleirica 

campaniflora 

cilspa 

cirrhosa 

mont^na 
.^^tr^gene alplna 

sibiriea 

amerioina 
PiBonta itfb^to» j^apaTOTacea 

B6nksU - 
Xanthorhlxa opiifolia 

fVinteriiCeed. 

Hlleium floridinum 



- 21 

- 22 
23,24 

. 25 

- 26 

- 27 
• 28 

- 29 

- 31 



Page 
234 

234 

235 

236 

237 

238 

239 

240 

240 

241 

2525 
242 

2535 
242 
248 
244 
245 
247 
248 
248 
250 
250 
255 



- 32 257 



MagnoRhceaQ* 

Magndlia oonspicua - - 34 279 

puiptb:ea i* 



- 36 282 



DiBemkceas^ 



Hibb^rtta dentita - 
▼oliibilia 

Anonilcese 

Mhnina triloba 
pygms a •> 

SchizandrdceiS. 

Schii^dra oooeinea 

Menispermdcea. 

Menisp^rmum canadfaae - 

diiikricum • - - 

«miliclnum . . . 

C6cculu8 caroUnus 

BerbersU^ese. 



37 292 

38 292 



39 294 

40 294 



- 41 295 



42 296 

43 297 

44 297 

45 298 



i^^rfterir vulgjbris 
■ibirica 
canadtena 
emarginiita 
ib^rica 



SuppL 2409 2536 

- 46 301 

- 48 308 

- 49 304 

- 50 304 



Bir, ddlcis 

beteropb^lla 

dealb4ta 

aristilta 

(uxifolia 
Mahonia fucicularis 

^quifolium 

nervosa 

rdpena 
^andifia dom^tica Suppl. 

Cntddcea, 

F^lla Pseiido.CyUsus 
^vssum saxitile 
iberis sempen^ns 

Cappariddcea. 

C^pparis spinosa 

Cistdcece. 

CJBtus purpiireus 

heteroph^llus - 

cr^ticus 

inctinus 
HeliiUithemum scabrosum 

glomer^tum 

brasili6nse - 

lignosum 

Fumolna 

grandiflorum 

macrdnthum mtiltiplez 

A^rssopifdlium miiltiplex 
Hudsdnia ericoides - 

Vclygaldcea. 

Pol^gala Chamsbuxus - 
oppositifolia mi^or 

Pittospordcea, 

Bilhirdidra longiflora 

mut^ilis 
S6Ilya heterophylla - 
Pitt^sporum 2b6ira 

unduldtum 

CaryophjUdcece. 

Diinthus arbfkoula 
Z>rtpiB spin^sa - 

\Jndceoe. 

Zlnum arbdpeum 

^HLcdvhcece. 

Lav&tera maiitima 
^ibiscus syfiacus 
;S)da pulch^Ua 



Flguiv Pag« 

- 51 305 

- 52 306 

- 53 307 

- 54 307 

- SS 308 

- 6Q 309 
. 57 310 

- 58 310 
. 59 311 

2410 2537 



60 312 

61 313 

62 313 



- 63 314 



64 318 

BS 318 

6^ 320 

67 320 

68 331 

69 333 

70 334 

71 335 

72 336 

73 344 

74 348 

75 352 

76 354 



77 356 

78 356 



79 357 

80 357 

81 357 

82 858 

83 358 



84 359 

85 359 



- 86 360 



iM&lva Munro^Na 



- 87 361 

- 88 362 

- 89 363 
Suppl. 2411 2538 



clxvi 



LI8T OF ENGRAVINOS OF BOTANICAL 8PECIMEN8 



tigum Flit* 

Sterculidcea. 

SterciiliapUtaiiifolui - • 90 S63 

liili&cea. 

GrewM oocidentiOis SuppL 2412 2541 



Temstronnixxxiai. 



Malachod^ndron oriLtuni 
StuiUtia virginica 
Gordonia lasUnthos 

pub^scens 
Cam^ta japonica 

anemonenora 

reticuUta 

malifldra 

Stu&nqua 

JCim 

oleifera 

euryoldes 
Tkia Tiridis - 

Bohia • • 



SuppL 



- 91 
. 92 
. 98 

• 94 
. 95 
. ^ 
2413 

- 97 

- 98 

- 99 
. 100 

• 101 
. 102 
. 103 



377 
378 
379 
380 
382 
384 
2541 
390 
390 
391 
391 
392 
393 
393 



Aurantidcea, 

JSeviUe Orange * - - 104 396 

Htff^ericdcea. 

JIyp6ncum hircinum 
ol^picum 
canari^nse 
Urdbim - 
prolificum 
«gyptiacum 
empetrifolium 



- 105 398 

- 106 399 
SuppL 2414 2541 

- 107 400 
SuppL 2415 2541 
SuppL 2416 2541 

- 108 402 

- 109 413 



u^ndroea^taum officinile - 

Acerdcea* 

/Coer obl6ngum - - 

circimUum ... 112 422 

Letmet oj Acen. 

^ .w r 113 433 

^eer obl6ngum ^3^^ 2417, 2418 2542 



tatiricum 
spic4tum - 

striitum 

macrophyllum 

platanoides - 

Lob^lu 

/>latano)des laciniitum 

saecfa&rinum 

Fseiido-Jlitanus 

obtus^fum 

bariMltum (opulifdlium) 
(yprios 



- 114 434 
-115 435 

- "^^437 
438 

to 
441 
442 
\.443 

- 120 444 



- 117,118- 



- 119 



/445 
\446 

- 122 447 
448 
449 
450 
451 

- 125 452 

- 126 458 



121 



. 123 



- 124 



i; 



^cer circinitum 
palmAtum 
eriocirpum - 
rubrum 

monspessuUnum 
campfetre 
cr4ticum 

Msculdcea:. 

JTsculus gliU>ra 

piUIida 
Pivta r&bra argikta 

negl^ta 

macrostibhya - 

^elidcece. 

AlSIia Azederdi^ • 

Vitdceie» 

Fltis rinilera 

apiifolia 

Zabr6sca 

aestiv^ 

oordifdlia 

rip^ria 

inidica 
Ampel6psu AederiUjea - 
CTIssiis antirctica • • 

vitiginea 

quinquefolia 

Geranidcea. 

Pelargdnium cuculUtum 
zonile 
inquinans 

S^gqpkylldcea. 

Meli^thus m^'or 
Zygoph^Uum sessilifl^liiijn • 

Kutdcea» 

iSikta graTdolens 
angustifdlia 
Aploph^llum finifWum 
Corre^a iUba 
Crdwea «aligna 

Boronia serruUta 



Flgaic Paite 

- 127 454 
-128 455 

- 129 456 

- 130 457 

- 131 458 

- 132 458 

- 132 459 



!- 133 467 

- 134 468 

- 135 470 

- 136 473 

- 137 474 



- 138 476 



139 478 

140 478 

141 479 

142 479 

143 480 

144 480 

145 481 

146 482 

147 483 

148 483 

149 48S 



150 483 

151 483 

152 483 



153 
154 



484 

484 



• 155 485 

- 156 487 

- 157 487 
SuppL 2419 2544 
SuppL 2420 2544 



} 



XantJioxyldcece. 

Xanth6zylon yhuiaeom • - 158 
AU&ntuM glanduldsa - - 159 

Coridcece. 

Ctoriiria myrtifolla - - - 160 

Staphyledcece. 

Staphylda tri£olia - -161,162 

pimiJUa • • . 163 

Celastrdcece* 

I7u6n3rmus europ«\is . - 164 
▼errucosus - . -165 



2544 

488 
490 

492 



494 
494 



496 
498 



GIVEN ALONG WITH TH£ TEXT. 



clxvii 



Eu. Utilolius 


. 


- 166 


498 


Flgmv Pafi 

Condalta microph^lla - - 216 541 


atropurpillreua 


« 


- 167 


499 


Coll^tia spinosa - - - 217 541 


americanua 


- 168, 169 


500 


h6rrida « SuppL 2432« 2548 


caudKBicufl 


Suppl. 


2423 


2545 


«Ucma - SuppL 2432a 2548 


jap6nicus 


Suppl. 


2425 2545 


Pomad^rris elUptica - .218 542 


echioatus 


. 


- 170 


501 


Phf Uca ericbldea - - - 219 542 


OdkBtnu adbideQS - 


- 


- 171 


502 


Betemina obcord^ta SuppL 24326 2548 


1 172 
Neiuop^thes canad^is | ^^^y ^^^^ 


508 
2545 


Homalindcece. 


Mdytmiu chil^nab 


- 


- 173 


503 


Aziradentita . - .220 544 




„ 


- 174 


504 




A * ^ 1 


• % 






AncLcardidcea. 


Atpii/ol 


%ace(B. 






PktiUaavdra . . . 221 546 


Myginda MrntifDlia 
lieT ^qui&lium marg 


- 


. 175 


505 


Z^tlscus . . .222 548 


{fi^^^m^ 


- 176 


507 


Ahiis Cotinus . . . 223 549 


Zaurifolium 


• 


- 177 


507 


typhlna . . - 224 550 


craasilolium 


- 


. 178 


507 


gUbra • . - 225 551 


ciliitum 


• 


- 179 


507 


venenjlta ... 226 553 


iSroz 


« 


. 180 


507 


Con^ . . 227, 228 554 


reciirvum - 


m 


• 181 


507 


copAllina - . - 229 554 


aemtifolium 


.- 


. 182 


507 


radlcans ... 230 555 


bflle&riea 


IsuppL 


183 


516 


Toziood^ndroii . - 231 556 


2426 


2546 


Dttva6a dep6ndens - . 232 559 


OoMine 


- 


- 184 


517 


oviUa . SuppL 2433 2549 


•wigiiatifjyiia - 


. 


- 185 


518 


hitif51ia . . . 233 559 


Tomitoria 


. 


. 186 


518 


AAinus MuOi . . .234 560 


mader^nsis 
cbin^nsis 


- 


- 187 
. 188 


520 
520 


BursericeBd. 


ponguari^nsis 


. 


. 189 


520 


Balsamod^ndron gUead^nse 235, 236 561 


Mnoa ambiguus 
▼erticillltus 


- 


• 190 

• 191 


521 
521 


Leguminbsa. 


' lavyigitus 


. 


. 192 


522 


Pipt&nthus nepal^nsis . 237, 238 566 


glaber . - - 


SuppL 


2428 


2546 


Edw&rdsfta chil6nsis . .239 567 


ooriiceus 


SuppL 


2427 


2546 


grandifldra - - - 2iO 567 


BAamndceee, 






mieroph^Ila . . - 241 567 
Podal^aericea - . 242 567 


Ziz^phua vulgibis 


- 


- 193 


525 


Chordzema Henchminatt . 243 568 


Xotus 


•• 


- 194 


526 


Podoldbium trilobatum . 244, 245 568 


JiyMba 


SuppL 2429 


2546 


Ozylobium aitMN-^soena . 246 568 


Adiikrus aculeitus 


- 


. 195 


527 


Brachys^ latifolium - . 247 568 


riigatua 


SuppL 


2430 2547 


CaUistachys ov^ta . - 248 568 


Berch^nia voliibilis 


- 


- 196 


528 


Visiiniria denudilta . . 249, 250 568 


iShimDus ^ilat^rxius 


- 


- 197 


530 


Sphieroldbium vimineum - 251, 252 569 


cath^rticus 


- 


. 198 


532 


Adtus sriobldes . . - 253 569 


tinotorius 


- 


- 199 


532 


Eutizia myrtifelia . . 254, 255 569 


infeetoriiis 


- 


- 200 


533 


DUlw^ia gkb^rrima . .256 569 


aaxitilis 


. 


- 201 


533 


EuchUus oboordiUus. - 257, 258 569 


olebldes 


. 


- 202 


534 


PultenseVi stricto . . . 259 570 
Mirb^ redcuUu - . 260 570 


Mixifdlius 


. 


- 203 


534 


Erythr^zyloii - 


• 


- 204 


534 


Da:ridsui htfifoUa - - 261 570 


1 aogustlssimum 


- 205 


535 


itfnag^ fbe^tida . SuppL 2435 2549 


1 ahiifoUus 


- 


. 206 


536 


Baptiaia tinctdria . SuppL 2484 2549 


finngulbldes 


- 


- 207 


536 


Olez euTDps^a . . 262, 268 571 


alphius 


- 


- 208 


S&S 


naaa . . - 264, 265 575 


Fiingula 


- 


- 2(W 


537 


8^ir\inm jiincemn. . 266 576 


]atii5liua 


- 


- 210 


538 


odoratissimum Supfd. 2436 2550 


Parsltf<2a«s 


. 


- 211 


538 


Genista dbdicans . . 267 578 


carpinilolius 


- 


- 21« 


538 


triquetra - - - 268 578 
radUto . . .269 579 


Oeandthus az^reus - 


m 


- 213 


589 


americinus 


. 


. 214 


539 


luiglica - . - 270 581 


velutlous 


- 


- 215 


540 


germibiica - . . 271 581 


ooUinus 


SuppL 


2431 


2548 


monosp^rma ... 272 583 



clxviii 



LIST OF ENGRAVINGS OF BOTANICAL SFECIMENS 







FigUK 


P«f 


G. aethn^nsis 


- 


- 273 


582 


anxibtica 


- 274, 275 


583 


tinctoria 


. 


- 276 


583 


sagittalis 


- 


- 277 


585 


prostr^ta - 


- 


- 278 


585 


pilosa 


- 


- 279 


586 


/inifolia - 


. 


- 280 


588 


canaii^nsis 


Suppl. 


2437 


2551 


virgelta 


. 


- 281 


588 


Cytisus £lbiis 


. 


- 282 


589 


nigrieans 


m 


- 283 


594 


senilifdlius 


- 284, 285 


594 


triflorus - 


. 


. 286 


594 


«oopiUius 


- 


- 287 


595 


leudbithus 


- 


- 288 


598 


purpikreus 


- 289, 290 


598 


austriacus 


- 


- £91 


599 


supinus 


m 


. 292 


599 


s61icus 


SuppL 


. 2438 2551 


nknva 


• 


- 293 


601 


proliferus 


« 


- 294 


602 


Adenodirpus intermddiua 


\ 


- 295 


603 


parvifdlius 


- 


- 296 


603 


telon^nsis - 


. 


- 297 


604 


Ononis firuticosa 


. 


- 298 


605 


rotundifolia 


. 


- 299 


605 


ATatrix - 


. 


- 300 


605 


pedunculiris 


. 


- 301 


606 


Amorpha fruticosa 


. 


- 302 


607 


fri^grans 


- 


- 303 


608 


cr6oeo-lanita 


. 


. 304 


608 


Roblnia Pseiid-^c^cia 


. 


- 305 


611 


viKosa 


. 


- 306 


627 


hispida 


- 


- 307 


628 


Qmzffdna AUoffdna 


. 


308 


630 


areniria 


. 


. 309 


631 


fruteacens 


. 


- 310 


631 


pygmae^a 


- 


- 311 


632 


apindsa 


- 312, SIS 


632 


Chandetgu 


- 


- 314 


633 


Halimod^ndron arg^teum 


- 315 


634 


Cfd6phaca wolg^ca 


- 


- 316 


635 


Cbltitea arbor^scens -1 


Suppl. 


317 
. 2440 


636 
2552 


cru^ta 


. 


- 318 


636 


nepal6nsis 


. 


319 


637 


^strtigalus TVagadLntha 


. 


- 320 


637 


cr^ticus 


. 


- 321 


638 


aristitus 


. 


. 322 


688 


brevifolius 


. 


. 323 


638 


Hovea C^ls» 


. 


. 324 


639 


latifoUa 


. 


- 325 


639 


Platylobium formdsum 


. 


. 326 


639 


Boasiae\x rufii 


Suppl. 


2441 


2552 


Go6dia latif^lia 


. 


- 327 


639 


Scottuz dent^ta 


. 


- 328 


639 


Templetonia glaiica 


S29, 330 


640 


Bifnta triflora 


321, 332 


640 






- 333 


641 


Loddigdsui ozalidifolia 


. 


- 334 


641 


^spilathus oalldsa 


. 


. 335 


641 


Sarcophyllum camdsum 




. 336 


641 



^nth^Uis B&rba Jovii 
Medicigo arfoorea 
Z^tus jacobae\is 
Psoralea glandulosa 
Indig6fera denudikta 

australis 
Swainsonta galegifolia 
Less^rtia fruticosa 
SutherUndta frut^scens 
Coronilla £'merus 

/dncea 

stipularis 

glaiica 
Hippocrdpis bale^ca 
Ad^mia microphylla 

Louddnia 

viscosa 
Desmodium polyc4rpum 

n^tans 
Cliinthus puniceus 
Wistiria frut^soens 

chin^nsis 
Xuplnus arboreus 

MarshaUtdjiua 
Kennedya ovkta . 
Afncilna macTX)c4rpa 
Gleditschta monosp6rma 
Ceratonia iS^iliqua 
CS&ssia Barday^Jia 

austrilis 
Schotta latiioUa 
Chamoefistula corymbosa 
i^cacia aliita 

armita 

junip6rina 

difftisa 

stricta 

melan6xylon 

myrtifoUa 

suavdolens 

Oxycedrus 

verticUlata 

pulchdJa 

lopbintha 

famesiana 

nigricans 

Julibritnn 

moUissima 



Flaan 

- 337 

- 338 
. 339 

- 340, 341 

- 342 

- 343 
. 344 

- 345 
. 346 

- 347 

- 348 

- 349 

- 350 
. 351, 352 
. 353, 354 
. 355, 356 

- 357 
Suppl. 2442 
SuppL 2443 

- 358 

- 359 
. 360 

- 361 

- 362 
Suppl. 2444 

-'363 
-364 

- 365, 366 

. 367 
. 368 

- 369 

- 370 

- 371 
. 372 
. 373 

- 374, 375 

- 376, 377 
. 378, 379 

. 380 

- 381 
. 382, 383 

. 384 
. 385, 386 

- 387 
. 388 

- 389, 390 

. 391 
. 392, 393 



Rosdcea. 

^m^gdalus nana . - 394, 395 

P6rsica vulgaris - . 396 

compr^ssa - - 397 

^rmenlaca vulgiris ovalifolia - 398 

cordi£(>Ua . 399 

dasyc&rpa . - 400, 401 

persieifdUa . 402 

brigantlaca ... 403 
Aiknus cindicans • - 404, 405 
O^rasus serrulAta ... 406 

Pseikdo- C6rasus • - 407 

Chamaeo^rasus - - 408 



641 
642. 
642 
642 
643 
643 
643 
643 
643 
644 
644 
645 
645 
645 
645 
646 
646 
2553 
2553 
646 
647 
648 
649 
649 
2554 
649 
653 
660 
660 
661 
661 
€61 
662 
662 
662 
663 
663 
663 
663 
663 
664 
664 
664 
664 
665 
665 
665 
666 



674 
679 
680 
682 
682 
683 
688 
684 
690 
701 
701 
702 



GIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxix 





Flgure Page 




Flgure 


Paffe 


C^. prostr&ta 


- 409 702 


Potentllla fruticosa 


- 468 


747 


borealia 


- 410 703 


frut. tenuiloba 


- 469 


748 


nigra 


- 411, 412 704 


glahra 


- 470 


748 


jap6mca 


. 413, 414 706 


Cowania pUcata 


Suppl. 2455 


2558 


xniiltiplez 


- 415, 416 706 


Rosa, fgrox 


- 471 


750 


sin^nsis 


417 706 


kamtsch&tica 


- 472 


750 


Yirginiina 


- 418 711 


bracteata 


- 473 


751 


ser6tina 


- 419 712 


microph^Ua 


- 474 


751 


Capdmm 


- 420 713 


involucrata 


- 475 


751 


lufiitiniea 


. 421 715 


Ij^cida 


- 476 


752 


Hixa - 


. Suppl. 2455 2555 


nitida 


- 477 


752 


Xiauroc^rasus 


- 422 716 


i^apa 


- 478 


753 


caroliniana 


- 423 720 


parvifldra fldre pUno . 479 


753 


Piirslita tridentata - 


- 424, 425 721 


/raxlnifolia 


- 480 


754 


K6rria jap6nica 


f 426 722 
"[SuppL 2446 2556 


cinnamomea 


. 481 


754 


alpina 


- 482 


755 


JSpinei^a opulifSlia 


- 427, 428 723 


l«Vis 


- 483 


755 


diameedrifolia 


- 429 724 


suayis 


- 484 


756 


media 


Suppl. 2449 2556 


lut^ens 


. 485 


756 


»lmif&Ha 


- 430 725 


sulphikrea 


. 48© 


756 


phylUntba 


Suppl. 2448 2556 


spinoslssima 


- 487 


757 


crataBgifdlia 


Suppl. 2450 2556 


grandiflora 


.- 488 


758 


ietulaefolia 


. Suppl. 2447 2556 


myriacantha 


- 489 


758 


trilobita 


. 431 726 


damasc^na 


f 490 
\Suppl. 2456 


759 


alplna 


- 432 726 


2559 


Aypericifolia 


. 433 726 


centifolia 


. 491 


760 


acota 


- 434 727 


muscosa 


- 492 


760 


creniita 
savrinica 


- 435 727 
.'436 727 


g&llica 


f 493 
(^Suppl. 2457 


761 
2559 


BesBeridna 


Suppl. 2451 2556 


parvifolia 


. 494 


762 


ihalictroides 


- 437 728 


turbinata 


- 495 


762 


ceanothifolia 


Suppl. 2452 2556 


iUba 


f 496 


764 


corymbosa 


. 438 728 


\ Suppl. 2458 2559 


oacciniifolia 


. 439 728 


liktea 


- 497 


765 


b^la 


- 440 729 


punicea 


- 498 


765 


salicifolia 


- 443 780 


rubiffinosa 
caucasea 


- 499 


765 


alp^stris 


Suppl. 2453 2^56 


- 500 


767 


latifolia 


- 441 730 


canina 


Suppl. 2459 


2560 


grandiflora 


- 442 730 


aciph^lla 


501, 502 


767 


tomentosa 


- 444 730 


rubrifolia 


- 503 


769 


lievig^ta 


- 445 731 


indica 


. 504 


770 


aiiaefdlia 


. 446, 447 731 


Noisetticiiia 


- 505 


770 


«orbifolia 


- 448 732 


odoratlssima 


- 506 


770 


2{ikbu8 micr^thus 


449, 450, 450a 736 


longifolia - 


. 507 


771 


occidentilis 


- 451 736 


semperflorens 


. 508 


771 


* 1 V 


f 452 737a 
\Suppl. 2554 9557 


Lawrence^na 


- - 509 


772 


ida^is 


arv6nsis 


- 510 


772 


lacini^tus 


- 453 739 


sempervlrens 


- 511 


773 


cs^sius 


- 454 739 


multjfldra 


- 512 


774 


parvifolius 


- 455 739 


GrevlUei 


- 518 


774 


corylifolius glanduiasus - 456 740 


moscb^ta 


- 514 


775 


oorylif6liu8 


- 457 741 


nivea 


- 515 


775 


w 

spect^ilis 


- 458 741 


rubifdUa 


. 516 


776 


fhiticosus 

pomponius 


- 459 742 
. 460 742 


- slnica 


517 776 
Suppl. 2460 2560 


tomentosus 


- 461 743 


B^nksta 


- 518 


777 


hispidus 


- 462 745 


liitea 


- 519 


777 


odor&tus - 


- 463 745 


microcarpa 


. 520 


777 


nutkanus 


. 464 746 


macrophylla 


- 5521 


778 


macrop6talus 


- 465 746 


sericea 


- 522 


779 


refl6xus 


- 466 746 


moschfita nepal^nsis - 523 


779 


ooTonarius 


- 467 747 


h^strix • - 
u 


- 524 


779 



elxs: 



LIST OF ENGRAVINGS OF BOTANICAL 6PECIMENS 



^ Flgura 

Lowea berherifoiui ... 549 

Cntaei^gas glandulosa subvilldsa - 550 

lobata - . - 554 

Ox^raeantha sibirica • S55 

panrifolia - . 557 

fl6rida . . 558 

grofisulariaefdlia - - 559 

virglnica ... 5^0 

* i^racantha - - 561 

glaiica (StranvseVa} 562, 563 

Leaves of CraUs^gus, 



p.ce 
813 
818 
824 
830 
842 
842 
842 
843 
844 
845 



ooocinea 

corillina 

indentita 

glandulosa 

subvillosa 
punctitta riibra 
atirea 
brevispina 
myrtifolia 
macracaotha 

mlnor 
Cr^s g^li 

spl^ndens - 

prunifolia - 

linearis 

«alicifolia 

ovalifolia 

pyracanthifolia 
nigra 
piirpikrea 

altiica 
DouglasJt 
flava 
lobata 
trilobata 
opiifolia minor 
apiifolia 
cordita 
spathulata 
Azarolua 
Aronia 
raarocc^a 
orientalis 

sanguinea 
tanacetifolia 

glabra 

Leeana 
heterophylla 
Ozyadlntha 

obtusita 

laciniata 

pteridifolia 

melanodlrpa 

01ivert<2aa 

erioc&rpa 

^uercif^lia 

miiltiplex 

aiirea 

purpiirea 

rdsea - 



. 564 

- 565 

- 566 

- 567 

- 568 

- 569 

- 570 
SuppL 2461 

- 571 

- 572 

- 573 

- 574 

- 575 

- 576 

- 577 

- 578 

- 579 

- 580 

- 581 

- 582 

- 583 

- 564 
. 585 

- 586 

- 587 

- 588 

- 589 

- 590 

- 591 

- 592 

- 593 

- 594 

- 595 

- 596 

- 597 

- 598 

- 599 

- 600 

- 602 

- 601 
603 

- 604 

- 605 

- 606 

- 607 

- 608 

- 609 

- 610 

- 611 

- 612 



851 
852 
852 
853 
853 
854 
854 
2562 
854 
855 
855 
855 
856 
856 
856 
856 
856 
856 
857 
857 
858 
858 
859 
859 
860 
860 
860 
861 
861 
862 
862 
862 
863 
863 
863 
863 
864 
864 
864 
865 
865 
865 
865 
865 
865 
866 
866 
866 
866 
866 



Cr. parvifolia 


. 


Flgvra 
614 


867 


fl6rida 


. 


613 


867 


gTOssulariaefolia - 


- 


615 


867 


virginica"^- 


- 


616 


867 


mexicina 


. 


617 


867 


Photinia arbutifolia . - 


. 


619 


869 


Cotoneiister vulg^ris 


. 


620 


870 


laxiflora 


621, 


622 


871 


rotundifolia 


623, 


624 


872 


microph^Ua 


m 


625 


873 


Amdanchier vulg^ris 


- 


626 


874 


Botryapium - 627, 


628, 


-1^7^ 


sanguioea ... 


630, 


631 


875 


ovalis ... 


. 


632 


876 


fl6rida 


633, 


634 


876 


Pyrus crenata ... 


6*38, 


639 


890 


interm^dia angustifolia 


. 


640 


912 


rivularis ... 


642, 


643 


915 


spiiria 


. 


645 


925 


arbutifolia 


m 


646 


926 


piimila 


647, 


648 


926 


melanocirpa 


« 


649 


927 


g»ndif51ia - ^{g^pp, 


650 
2465 


928 
2566 


Chamfem6spilas 


- 


651 


928 


C^donia jap6nica 


M 


652 


931 


9Laphi6lepis indica 


- 


653 


932 


«alicifolia 


* 


654 


933 


£riob6trya jap6nica 


655, 


656 


933 


Kagendckiaerata^oides- „ . 


657 
2466 


934 
2566 


l\>terium caudatum 


- 


658 


934 


Calycanthhcecs, 






Calyc&nthus fl6ridus 


- 


659 


936 


glaiicus 


. 


660 


937 


Isevigatus 


• 


661 


937 


Chimon4nthus frigrans 


. 


662 


938 


fragrans grandiflorus 


- 


663 


938 


^ranatacecs. 






Pjinica Granatum riibrum 


■■ 


664 


940 


nana ... 


- 


665 


942 


Otiagracea 


• 
• 






F6chsta microphylla 


. 


666 


944 


ooccinea 


. 


€67 


944 


ezeorticata 


- 


668 


945 


Jji^thrhceae, 








Heimiamlicifolia 


^ 


669 


945 


LagerstrGe^^mta indica 


k 


670 


945 


TamarichcecE. 






Tamariz gHIIica 


„ 


671 


947 


Myricaria germdnica 


- 


672 


949 


Vhiladelphhci 


?^. 






Philad^lpbus coronarius 


^ 


673 


951 


inodonifl , 


_ 


674 


952 



GIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxxi 



n, Temicdsus 

latifoUus 

lizos 

hirsiktus 
Decumiria barbara - 
Deotzta acabra 



Figun Pan* 

- 675 953 
• 676 953 

- 677 953 
- 678, 678a 954 

- 679, 680 955 

- 681 956 



MyrtdceiB, 

Tristania nereifolia 
Beaufortia decussata 
CalothiunDus villosa 
£nd^smia tetragona 
Mekdeuca Aypericifdlia 
£uca]^tus resinUera 

riminidis 

omygdilina 

JJSpAtA 

pulverul^nta 

oordata 
Ang6phora cordifolia 
CaUist^mim lanceoUtus 
Leptospdrmum grandifSlium 

«coparium 
Fabricia myrtifolia 
Bie'ckfta virg^ta 
Metroud^ros corifolius 
J^idium Cattleyd; 



- 682 957 

- 683 957 

- 684 957 

- 6S6 958 
. 687 958 

688, 689 959 

692, 693 960 

694, 695 960 

- 696 960 

- 697 960 

- 698 960 
. 699 960 

- 700 960 

- 701 961 
Suppl. 2468 2568 

- 703 961 
. 704 961 

- 705 961 

- 706 962 
AffrtuB commiinis Suppl. 2469,2470 2568 

tomentosa - - 707 964 

Calythrix glabra ... 708 964 



Passiflordcece. 



Passifldra caeriilea 

incamata 
Dis^mma adiantifolia 

CrassiddcecB. 

^S^um /xypulifolium Suppl. 

jSSemperviTum arboreum 

Nitrariacece* 

Nitn^ria Schoben' sibirica 
Sch6b. c4spica 

Cactdcece. 

Opiintia vulgiris - Suppl. 

ReamuriVLceBd. 

Reaumikrta A^rpericoldes Sup. '1 

Grosstddcea, 

Rlhf ozyacanthbides 
setosum 
triflorum 
niveum 
Cynosbati 
divaricatum 
iriiguum 
speciosum 
Diac^tha 
laciistre 
alpinum 



- 709 

- 710 

- 711 



965 
965 
965 



2471 2568 
- 712 965 



-713 966 
- 714 967 



2474 2569 



2472 
2473 



} 



2569 



- 715 969 

- 716 969 
-717 969 
-718 970 

- 719 970 

- 720 971 

- 721 971 

- 722 975 

- 723 976 

- 724 976 

- 725 979 



{ 



Suppl. 



Rlbes alp. p^milum 
petrae^im 
spicitum 
multiflorum 
procumbens 
prostritum 
resinosum 

punctAtum 

nigrum 

floridura 

inebrians 

cdreum 

viscosissimum 

sauguineum 

glutindsum 

malvflceum 
aiireum 

ser6tinum 
tenuiflorum 
flavum - SuppL 

EscaUomkcetB. 

/'tea virginica 
£scall6nia rikbra 

montevid6nsis 

illinita - Suppl. 

Saxifrdgea. 

Hydr&ngea arbor^ens 
cordiita 

nlvea ... 
guercifolia 
Hort6nsta 

Umbelldceie, 

^plejkrum flrutieosum i „ . 

Aralidcert» 

Aralia spindsa • . . 

Ifedera ^dlix vulgfbns 

Hamameldcea. 



Flgnn 

- 726 

- 727 

- 728 

- 729 

- 730 

- 731 

- 732 
733 

2475 

- 734 

- 735 

- 736 

- 737 

- 738 

- 739 

- 740 

- 741 

- 742 

- 743 

- 744 
2476 



979 
979 
980 
980 
981 
981 
981 
982 

2569 
983 
985 
986 
986 
987 
988 
988 
988 
989 
989 
990 

2569 



- 745 992 

- 746 993 

■ 747 993 

2477 2570 



. 748 995 

. 749 995 

- 750 995 

- 751 996 
. 752 996 

753 998 
2478 2570 

754 999 

755 1000 



^amamelis virginica 
Fothcrgilla alnifdlia m^or 
alnif. obtiksa 



- 756 1007 

- 758 1009 

- 759 1009 



Comdcea. 

C6mus altemifoUa 

sanguinea 

&lba 

stricta 

panicul4ta 

sericea 
' ' * circinita 

m^ 

fl6rida 
Benthimia fraglfera 

Lorantkdceie. 

Flscum &lbum - - 771 

Arceuthobium Oxycedri . 2137 

^uctfia japonica - SuppL 2479 

u 2 



- 760 

- 761 

- 762 
- 763, 764 

- 765 

- 766 

- 767 

- 768 

- 769 

- 770 



1010 
1011 
1011 
lOlS 
1013 
1013 
1014 
1015 
1017 
1020 



1021 
2246 
2571 



clxxii LIST OF ENGRAVINOS OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS 



CapifolidceiB. 



Flgnc Paffe 



^ambikcus n)gra 

nig. laciniita 

folils arg^nteis 

canad^nsis 

racemosa 
ribiimum Tlnus 

rugdsum 

Lentigo 

jyyrifolium 

niidum 

squamitum 

Lantina 

lantanoMes 

cotinifdlium 

dentitum 

odoratissimum 

O^pulus 

aoerifolium 
Diervilla canad^nsis 



77S 1028 

- 774 1028 

- - 775 1028 

- 776 1030 

- 777 1031 

- 778 1032 

- 779 1033 

- 780 1034 

- 781, 782 1034 

- 783 1035 

- 784 1035 

- 785 1036 

- 786 1037 

- 787, 788 1037 

- 789, 790 1038 

- 791 1089 

- 792 1039 

- 793 1040 

- 794, 795 1042 



Lonlcera Peridymenum ser6ti- 



num 
Caprifolium 
etriisca 



^} 



797 1044 



impUxa 

flaya 

pub^scens 

parTifl^ra {5^^^, 

grato 

semperrireos - 
m^or 

conftisa 

longifldra 

jap6nica 

tatirica 

nigra campanifldra 

punicea 

Xyl6steum 

involucrdita 

alpigena 

oblongifdlia 

csMTiilea 

hispidula 
Sjrmphoric&rpos vulgaris 

racemdsus 
Leycesteria formdsa 



- 798 

- 799 

- 800 

- 801 

- 802 
803,804 

2480, 2481 

- 805 

- 806 

- 807 

- 808 
- Suppl. 2482 

- 809, 810 
^ - 811,812 

- 813, 814 

- 815 

- 816 
8I7, to 819 

- 820, 821 

- 822 
, - 823, 824 

Suppl. 2483 

- 825 

- 826 

- 827 



^ubidcea. 

CephaUnthus ooddentalis 828, 829 
Lueulia gratissima - Suppl. 2484 
Pinckneya pdbens - . 830 

&rfua fce^tida - - - 831 

CompSsitte. 

Staehelhia dikbia - - 632 

ificcharis Aalimilolia - . 833 

/Va iTut6soens - - 834 

Santolina Chamaecyparissus - 835 

rosmarinifolia - - 836 

^rtemisia ^br6tanum - - 837 

iSiuitonica ... 333 



1046 
1046 
1046 
1047 
1047 
1048 
2572 
1048 
1049 
1049 
1050 
2572 
1051 
1053 
1053 
1054 
1055 
1056 
1056 
1057 
1057 
2572 
1059 
1059 
1060 



1061 
2573 
1062 
1062 



1064 
1065 
1066 
1067 
1067 
1068 
1069 



ArL argi^tea " - - 839 

/felichrysum friiticans > - 840 

cong6stum • > 841 

Cinert^ria cni^nta - - 842 

laniita > • - 843 

^ifolia . - 844 

amelloides - - 845, 846 

Oth6nna virginea . . 847 

Osteosp6rmum pisiferum 848. to 850 

Cal6ndula chrysanthemifolia - 851 

Mutista latifolia - - 853 

^6nchus fruticosus - - 853 

^'ster argoph^Uus - . 854 

aculeatus - - - 855 

Chrys6coma Comaurea - - 856 

Podanthus Mitiqui - - 857 

Culcitium jalicinum - - 858 

Pyr^thnim /amiculiceum | g^p^^g^ 

£rioc§phalus afric^us Suppl. 2487 
^'nthemis p6rrigens - Suppl. 2486 

Epacriddcea. 

Stenanthdra pinifolia Suppl. 2458 
Leucopogon albiflorus - - 860 
Trochoc4rpa ftiiirina - - 861 

£'pacris grandifldra > - 862 

Andersonia sprengdtotdes - 863 



Ericdcea, 



Et\ca T<6tralix 

dn^rea 

codonodes 

austrilis 

stHcta 

ciliclris 
Gypsocdllis vagans 

multiflora 

cdrnea 
Callista acuminita 
Ceramia «erpyllifdlia 

urceoldris 
D^smia conf^rta 
^rica aggregita 
Gypsocdllis intert6xta 
Pichysa physodes 
BlaeVia ericbides 
£urylepis ilbens 
£urystegia triceps 
Lophandra c^bica 
Lamprotis calyclna 
Andr6meda /x>lif61ia 

po\. angustifolia 
grandiflora 
Fatifolia 
minima 
Cassiope Aypnbides 

tetragona 
Cassdndra calycuUta 

angustifolia 
Zenobia speciosa - 

speciosa nitida 



- 864 

- 865 
. 866 

- - 867 

- 868 
. 869 

- 870 
. 871 

- 872 

- 873 

- 874 

- 881 

- 875 
. - 876 

- 877 

- 878, 879 

- 880 
. . 882 

- 883 

- 884 
. 885 
. 889 

- 890 
. 891 
. 892 

- 893 
. 894 
. 895 

- 896 

- 897 
. 898 
. 899 



Pase 

1069 
1070 
1070 
1071 
1071 
1071 
1071 
1072 
1072 
1072 
1072 
1073 
1073 
1073 
1073 
1074 
1074 
1074 
2573 
2574 
2573 



2574 
1075 
1075 
1075 
1075 



1079 
1080 
1081 
1081 
1081 
1082 
1082 
1083 
1083 
1089 
1090 
1092 
1090 
1090 
1090 
1091 
1091 
1093 
1093 
1093 
1093 
1106 
1106 
1106 
1106 
1106 
1107 
1107 
1108 
1108 
J109 
1109 



GIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxxiii 



{ 



Z. Bpeddaa pulvenil&ita - 
Lyonia margioita 
marg. rikbra 

paDiculata 

«ilicifolia 

racemosa 

miiltifldra 

eapreflefdlia 
Lieuc6thoe axilliriB 

spinuldsa 

acuminata - 

floribiinda - 

sp'cata 
P)eria ovalifolia - 

jap6nica - 
Fbyll6doce tezifdlia 

empetrif6rmis 
DabceVa /wlifolia 
^rbutus CTnedo 

bfbrida 

^ndHwhne 



Figiira 

- 900 

902 
Suppl. 2489 

- 901 
903 

Suppl. 2490 

- 904 

- 905 
Suppl. 2491 

- 906 



{ 



canari^nais - 
^retostipbylos UNra-urst - 
Pem6ttya mucronata - 
Gaulthlrui procumbens - 

SMJlon 
Clithra alnif^lia - 

tomentosa 

arborea 
iniodod6ndron p6nticum 

m&ximum 

hybridum 

catawbi^nse 

cauc&sicum 



- 907 

- 908 

- 908 

- 910 

- 911 

- 912 

- 913 

- 914 

- 915 
-. 916 

- 917, 918 

- 919 

- 920 
921 

Suppl. 2492,2493 



punctatum - 

femigfineum 

hirsutum 

lapp6nicum 

dauricum - 

camtscbiticum 

ChanuecSstus 

flavum 

nudiflorum - 



{ 



{ 



. 922 

- 923 

- 924 

- 925 

- 926 

- 927 
928, 929 

- 930 

- 931 

- 932 
Suppl. 2494 

- 933 

- 934 
935 

Suppl. 2495 

- 936 

- 937 
. 938 

- 939 

- 940 

- 941 

- 942 
943 



rosea 



Suppl. 2496 
Goyent^am - ' - 944 

- 945 

- 946 

- 947 

- 948 
Suppl. 2497 

- 949 

- 950 
SuppL 2498 

- 951 

- 952 

- 953 



calendulJUseum 

viscosum 

faispidum 

Cartonia 

nitidum 

speciosum 

i^hodora 

arboreum 

altacler&isa •> 
campanuUtum 



anthopogon 



- 954 



Pige 
1109 
1110 
2575 
1110 
1110 
2575 
1111 
1112 
2575 
1112 
1112 
1113 
1113 
1114 
1114 
1114 
1115 
1115 
1115 
1116 
1116 
1117 
1117 
1120 
2575 
1122 
1123 
1124 
1125 
1126 
1128 
1128 
1129 
1131 
1134 
2576 
1135 
1136 
1137 
2576 
1137 
1137 
1138 
1138 
1139 
1139 
1140 
1140 
2576 
•1141 
1142 
1142 
1143 
1144 
2576 
1144 
1145 
2577 
1146 
1147 
1148 
1148 



Rh, indicum 

fedifolium 

8in6nse 

Firrer<e 
KHmia latif61ia 

angustifolia 

gla6ca 

hirsikta 
Menzidsta femiginea 

globuliris 

Azalea procdmbens 



{ 



Vigtn 

- 955 

- 956 

- 957 

- 958 

- 959 

- 960 

- 961 

- 962 

- 963 
SuppL 2494 

964 



19 

■{ 



^Suppl. 2500 
Leiopbyilum /hymifolium - 965 

XMum paliistre • 
latifdlium 
canad^nse - 
^ccinium Myrtillus 
uligindsum 
ten^llum 
stamineum 
dumdsum - 
oorymbosum 
virgaltum 
fuscatum 
mariinum 

gnndifldnim - ^^^^ 

elong&tum 

minutiflorum 

glabrum 

resinosum 

^rctost&phylos 

/Mdifolium 

Fltis idie'a 

6uxifl&lium 

nitidum 

ovitum 
Oxyc6cco8 pa]{istris 

macroo&rpus 

er6ctus 
Bryiinthus Gmdlim* 

St611en 

Enkiinthus quinqueflorus 997, 998 
Cyrilla racemosa - Suppl. 2503 

Symplocacea. 

Symplooos sinica 

Btyrdcea. 

Sifnx. officinale 
grandifolium 
Isvigitum 
pulverul^ntum 

Hales\aLQeBd. 

Hal^ta tetriptera 
parviflora 
diptera - . . 

yiyrsinace^E, 

Afyrsine africana - Suppl. 

MangliUa Millenaiia - Suppl. 



- 966 

- 967 

- 968 

- 969 

- 970 

- 971 

- 972 

- 973 

- 974, 975 

- 976 

- 977 

- 978 
979 

2501 

- 980 

- 981 

- 982 

- 983 

- 984 
985, 986 

Suppl. 2502 

- 987 

- 988, 989 

- 990 

- 991 

- 992 

- 993 

- 994 

- 995 

- 996 



1008 
1009 
1010 
1011 



1012 
1013 
1014 



2504 
2505 



Pag. 

1148 

1149 
1149 
1150 
1151 
1152 
1152 
1153 
1153 
2577 
1154 
2577 
1154 
1155 
1155 
1156 
1157 
1158 
1159 
1160 
1160 
1161 
1161 
1161 
1162 
1162 
2577 
1162 
1162 
1162 
1163 
1164 
1164 
2577 
1165 
1165 
1166 
1166 
1168 
1170 
1171 
1171 
1172 
1173 
2577 



- 1007 1186 



1187 
1188 
1189 
1189 



1190 
1191 
1191 



2578 
2578 



Clxxiy LIST OF ENGRAVINGS OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS 



Sapotacese. 

Arginui Sider6xylon - 

^umelia /ycioides 4 ^ i 

t^nax ... 

Mlicifolia - Suppl. 

Oleacece, 

Irigiistruni Tulg^re - 101 9| 

vul. sempervireDs 

spicfltum . . . 

l&eidum - Suppl. 

floribundum - 
JPhillyrea angustifdlia 

ang. rosmartnifolia 

mddia 

latifolia 
Chioninthus virginica - - 
O^lea europae^a ... 

eur. sativa longifc^lia 
ferruglnea 

americana ... 

fragrans 

capensis 
Notels^a Hgustrina 
Syrii^a vulgiris 

Josikie^a 

p^rsica 

laciniita 

rothomag6nsis 

Fontan^ux phillyreoides 
jPr^zinus exc^lsior 

heterophylla 
varieg^ta 

parviflora 

oxyc&rpa 

/entiscifolia 

americana 

pub^ens 

«ambucifolia 

quadrangulata 

/uglandifolia 

platycarpa 
angustifolia 
fentiscifolia 
0'mus europae^a 

rotundifolia 

americana 
floribiinda 



Figim Pag» 

1015 1192 

1016 1193 

2506 2578 

1017 1193 

2507 2578 



Suppl. 
SuppL 

- 1037 



1057, 
1059, 



1020 

1018 

1020 

2508 

1024 

1025 

1026 

1027 

1028 

1029 

1031 

1032 

1033 

1034 

1035 

2509 

2510 

1036 

1038 

1039 

1040 

1041 

1042 

1043 

1044 

1050 

1051 

1052 

1053 

1054 

1055 

1056 

1058 

1060 



1061, 1062 



■ 1063, 
Suppl. 
Suppl. 



1064 
2511 
2512 
1065 
1069 
1070 
1072 



{: 



1199 
1199 
1201 
2579 
1202 
1204 
1204 
1204 
1205 
1206 
1207 
1207 
1208 
1208 
1208 
2579 
2579 
1210 
1210 
1211 
1211 
1212 
1212 
1213 
1215 
1228 
1229 
1230 
1230 
1231 
1232 
1234 
1235 
1236 
1236 
237 
1238 
2580 
2581 
1242 
1244 
1244 
1245 



Jasmindcea. 



Jasminum fruticans 
humile 

heterophyllum 
revoli^tum - 
pubigerum 
oflicin^le 



- 1073 1248 

- 1074 1249 

- 1075 1249 

- 1076 1250 
\' 1077 1250 
■- 1078 1251 



Finca m^jor 



ApocyndcecE, 

- 1082» 1083 



1255 



Finca minor - 
Gdtimvtm nitidum 
iVi^rium Olednder 


FiCiira 

1084 
1085 
1086 


Pa«« 

1256 
1256 
1256 


Asclepiadsicess 

Periploca grae^ca - - 1087, 
angustifolia 


» 

1088 
1089 


1257 
1258 


BignoniacetJd^ 

Bignonia capreolata 
TSeoma radicans 

grandiflora 

australis ... 

cap^nsis 
EccremocArpus longiflorus 
Cal&mpelis scabra - 1096, 


1090 
1091 
1092 
1093 
1094 
109.1' 
1097 


1259 
1260 
1260 
1261 
1261 
1263 
1263 


Cobiekcee^, 






Cobce^a sdUidens 


1098 


1264 


Convolvidacece. 






Cbnv61vu1us Dor^cnium 
Cneorum 


1100 
1099 


1264 
1264 


Boragindcete. 

Zitbospermum fruticosum 
J^chium cindicans 


1101 
1102 


1265 
1265 



Cordiacesd. 

Ehr^tui serrita - - 1103 

Solandcece. 

Solknum Dulcamira - 1104 

crispum - - - 1105 

bonari^nse - - 1106 

Balbisit - Suppl. 2514 

figijstrinum - - 1107 

Zrycium europaeNim - - 1108 

b&rbanim - - 1109 

chin^nse - - 1110, 1111 

ruth^nicum - - 1112 



lanceoUtum Suppl. 2513. 2516 

turbinatum - 

^frum 



{ 



Suppl. 
- 1114, 

Grab6wsktaboerhaavt«/o/m - 
Nicott<2iia glatjca 
Brugm4nsta sanguinea - 

suav^Iens 
C^strum noctiimum 

Pdrqui - - 
Vdsttd /ycioides . - . 



1113 
2517 
1115 
1116 
1118 
1117 
1120 
1119 
1122 
1121 



Scrqpktilaridcea. 

Biiddlea globosa - 1 1 23, 1 1 24 

Halleria Iikcida - - 1125 

C^Istalanata - - - 1126 

Calceolaria integrifolia - 1127, 1128 



1265 



1266 
1268 
1268 
2582 
1269 
1270 
1270 
1271 
1272 
2582 
1272 
2582 
1273 
1274 
1274 
1275 
1275 
1275 
1275 
1275 



1276 
1277 
1277 
1277 



GIVEN ALONG T^ITH THE TEXT. 



clxxv 



Flgare 
Fer^tMi deeiBsata - 1129,1130 

Penstdmon Seoiilert Suppl. 2518 

Labihcece. 

SatMT^ montkDA - - 1131 

Thymus vul/^aris - - 1132 

grandifldnis - SuppL 2515 
JSysaopus officinalis - - 1 1 33 

TViUsrtMo» fri^ticans -1135,1136 

itfarum ... 1134 
jnilomis fruticosa - - 1137 

purpiirea - - - 1138 

^osmarinus offidniUis - 1139 

XAv&ndula Spica - - 1140 

iS&lvia officinalis - - 1141 

var. - - - 1142 

Hablitzi^a - - 1143 

pomiiera ... 1144 
Audib6rtia incana . - 1145 

lAvindula dentita - .1146 

pinnata . . .1147 

SUB^chas ... 1149 
Flectrdnthus fruticosus .1148 

Sph^cele campaauUta - - 1150 
SHm Gr4hamt . - 1151 

P^ostanthdra lasiinthos Suppl. 2519 



Yaben&cea. 

ritex ^'gnus distus - - 1152 
Clerodindron in^rme . - 1153 

Aloyiia citriodora - - 1154 

Globtdarihcece. 

Globularia longifolia - - 1 155 

Vlumbaginitcede. 

Plumbf^ cap^nsis - Suppl. 2520 

Chenopodi&cea. 

Cl^enopodium frutic^m 1156, 1157 

^'triplez ^&limus - - 1158 

jwrtulacoides - - 1159 

INotiB Ceratoides - - 1160 

Poh/gonacea. 

Tragopyrum lanceolatum - 1161 
fruxifolium . - 1162 

polygamum - . - 1163 
^traphixis spinosa - - 1164 

CalUgonum Pallastt . 1165, 1166 
J2iimez sp. ... ii67 

TiOurdcece. 

Zaiirus Borbonta - - 1168 

earolin^nsu •> - 1169 

aggregita ... 1170 

Benzhin - - -1171 

Dioap^rus - - 1172 

geniculiita - . 1173 



Page 
1278 

2582 



1278 
1278 
2582 
1278 
1279 
1279 
1279 
1279 
1280 
1281 
1282 
1282 
1283 
1283 
1283 
1283 
1283 
1284 
.1284 
1284 
1284 
2583 



1285 
1286 
1286 



1287 



2583 



1289 
1290 
1290 
1291 



1293 
1293 
1294 
1294 
1295 
1295 



1299 
1300 
1301 
1303 
1304 
1304 



ngure 

Cinnamomum Cdmphora - 1174 

vdrum - - - 1175 

Proteacead, 

Grrevillea rosmarinifolia . 1176 

acuminita - . 1177, 1178 

Hakea pugioniformis - 1179 

B£nksta latifolia - Suppl. 2522 

Tht/melacea. 

Diphne Mez^ettm . .1180 

alt^ica - . . - 1181 

alpina - . . 1182 

Laureola . - 1183 
pontica ... 1184 

ThymdsB^ . - 1185 

Tdrton~raira - .1186 
coUina ... ii87 

neapolitina - - 1188 

' oleoides . . - 1189 

G^nidium . . .1190 

Cheorum - . .1191 

odora riibra . - 1192 

hybrida . . .1193 

Dirca paliistris - - 1194 

Santalaceae. 



N^ssa bi66ra . 
villosa 
cdndicans 
grandidentita 

Os^ns ^ba . 



- 1195, 1196 

- 1197, 1198 

- 1199 

- 1200, 1201 

- 1202 



i^ristolochia sipho 
toment^sa 



E,uphorb\kce8d, 

fuphoibia ChartUiias - 1212 

spinosa - . - 1213 

mellifera ... 1214 

^xus sempervirens nfina . 1215 

bale&rica - . 1220, 1221 

Plagi4nthu8 divaricatus Suppl. 2524 

Odton rosmarini£31ia Suppl. 2523 

Addlia aciddton . SuppL 2525 



P«ge 

1305 
1305 



1306 
1306 
1306 
2584 



1308 
1309 
1309 
1309 
1310 
1311 
1311 
1312 
1312 
1312 
1313 
1313 
1314 
1314 
1315 



1317 
1318 
1318 
1319 
1320 



TSd^eagndcece. 

£l«e^lgnus hort^sis . . 1203 1322 

arg^ntea . - 1204 1323 

«Jicifolia ... 1205 1824 

j9ipp6phae rhamnbldes . 1206 1325 

«aliciiolia . . - 1207 1326 

Sheph^rdta arg^ntea . . 12O8 1327 

canad^nsis r . 1209 1328 

Aristolochihcece. 



' 1210 1329 
- 1211 1329 



1331 
1331 
1332 
1333 
1341 
2585 
2585 
2585 



Urticdceie. 

Aforus 41ba multicadlis 
tat4rica 

Maclura aurantiaca - 1 226. to 1228 1 ^ 
Borya acuminata 



- 1223 1348 

- 1225 1358 
363 

1364 

- 1229 "1371 



Clxxvi LIST OP ENGRAVINGS OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS 







Flgw* 


?•■• 






Fl|Pi«* 


P«i» 


\llm^^^' 






StL acuminata - 


- 


1330 


1554 


^^ w^ 








PontederJbia 


«• • 


1331 


1556 


irimus camp^stris parvifolia 


- 1230 


1377 


cindrea 


^ ^ 


1332 


1558 


cam. chin^nab 


- 


- 1231 


1377 


caprea 


1333. to 1335 


1562 


suberosa 


- 


- 1240 


1395 


cotinifolia 


„ „ 


1336 


1566 


major 


- 


. 1241 


1396 


rotundata - 


_ „ 


1337 


1572 


carpinifolia 


- 


- 1242 


1397 


biirina 


^ „ 


1338 


1578 


glabre 


- 


- 1245 


1403 


Borreri^na 


„ „ 


1339 


1579 


americana 


- 


- 1246 


. 1406 


Weigelt^aa 


_ . 


1340 


1582 


fHilya 


- 


- 1247 


1408 


nitens 


„ „ 


1341 


1582 


alata 


- 


. 1248 


1409 


oaociniifolia 


^ „ 


1342 


1585 


Binera Rich&rdt 


- 


- 1440 


1410 


myrtillbides 

Afyrsinites 

Mtulifolia 


^ „ 


1343 


1587 


Gmelint - 


- 


. 1251 


1413 


^ „ 


1344 


1588 


0§ltis australis 


- 


- 1252 


1414 


^ „ 


1345 


1588 


crassifdlia 


- 


- 1254 


1419 


retiksa 


„ _ 


1346 


1589 


orientalis 


- 


. 1255 


1420 


«erpyllifolia 


- 1347, 


1348 


1590 


Jtiglanddcea. 

Juglansr^gia - - 1257 
nigra - - 1260 
cindrea - - - 1262 

Carya oliv«f6rmis - - 1263 
amara - - - 1264 
aqu&iica - - 1265, 1266 


1425 
1436 
1439 
1442 
1443 
1444 


herbacea 
polaris ^ - 
hastata - 

arbiiscula 
laniita 
colutebldes 
ber6ertf61ia 


- 1350, 
Suppl. 


1349 
1351 
1352 
1353 
1354 
2529 
1355 


1591 
1592 
1592 
1593 
1594 
2588 
1595 


tomentdsa 


. 


- 1267 


1445 


Leave^ 


ofSaUx. 






&Iba 


. 


- 1269 


1446 


purpiirea 


m «■ 


r 




sulcata - 


. 


- 1271 


1449 


JJ^lix 


. 


2 




porcina 


- 1272. 


-•^^{i:^ 


Lamberti^na 
• monindn 


- 


3 

4 


^1603 


myrist]csef6rmis 


. 


- 1275 


1451 


ForbyiiMa 


- 


5. 




Pterocarya cauc6sica 


. 


- 1276 


1452 


rikbra 


- 


6" 




Salichceie^ 






vir^cens 
Humboldttana 


- ~ 


7 
8 


.1604 


^alix purpiirea 


- 


- 1294 


1490 


Bonplandtdaa 


- 


9 


(2aphnb)des 


- 


- 1295 


1495 


Lyontt 


- 


10 




unduUta - 


- 


- 1296 


1497 


Houstont^aa 


- 


11 




tri£ndra 


. 


- 1297 


1499 


virgata 


. 


12" 




amygd&lina 


- 


- 1298 


1501 


undulata 


. 


13 


.1605 


pent&ndra 


- 


- 1299 


1503 


lanceolata 


- 


14 


Meyeridna - 


- 


- 1300 


1505 


triindra 


. 


15 


likcida 


. 


- 1301 


1506 


Hoffmannuiiia 


. 


16" 




declpiens - 


- 


- 1309 


1515 


Villarsii^na 


• 


17 




fhigilis 


. • 


- 1310 


1516 


amygdilina 


- 


18 


• 1606 


Russellt^aa 


. 


- 1311 


1518 


mont^na 


. 


19 


llba 


-1314,13.5{|^^ 


vitellina - 
annularis 


V M 


20 
21 




nigra \ 
figiistrina J 


- SuppL 2527 


2588 


babyl6nica 
petioliris 


■. : 


22* 
23 


► 1607 


prinbides 


- 


- 1317 


1530 


conf5rmis 


. 


24 


A W • 


vir^ens 


. 


- 1318 


1531 


oiolacea 


. 


25 




petiolaris 


- 


- 1319 


1533 


prae^^cox 


* . 


26" 




rosmarinifolia 


. 


- 1320 


1535 


fr^lis 


. 


27 


1608 


angustifolia 


- 


- 1321 


1536 


Russelltc^fia 


- 


28. 




Dont^na 


. 


- 1322 


1540 


decipiens 


. 


29" 




versicolor 


SuppL 2528 


2588 


monspeli^nsis 


. 


30 


.1609 


reticulata 


- 


- 1323 


1543 


tetrasp^rma 


. 


31 




gladca 


- 


- 1324 


1544 


likcida 


. 


32' 




Lapponum 


- 


- 1325 


1545 


Meyertdna 


. 


33 


.1610 


dindida - 


- 


- 1326 


1548 


pent&ndre 


- 


34 




inc4na 


. 


- 1327 


1548 


hastita 


. 


35" 




lineiUis 


. 


- 1328 


1549 


malif^lia 


m M 


36 


1611 


TiminJUis 


- 


- 1329 


1549 


nigricans - 


- 


37. 





OIVEN ALONG WITH THE TBXT. 



clxxvii 



SSiL bioolor 


^ 


Flgitra 
381 


l'^ 


p^tens • 


• 


39 yi612 


prinbides 


. 


40f 


WilldenoTfdiia 


. 


41^ 


Cl1S|M 


■• 


42 1 ,^,„ 


Pontedermjia 


■• 


43 


" lOlO 


nltens 


. 


44 




BoneH^ 


. 


45^ 




/»hyUcif51ia 


• 


46 




DayalliafMi 


. 


47 


V ^l ^ 


Wulfentana 


•• 


48 


»1614 


t^tnpU 


• 


49 




tenuif51ia 


*• 


50 




Wei^ltaiM 


* 


5r 




Croweina 


. 


52 




raminisca 


. 


53 




floribiinda 


. 


54 




Dicksoni^ 


. 


65 




imimfolia 


. 


66 




t»acciniif51iA 


^ . 


57 >1615 


▼enulosa 


. 


58 




carinita 


. 


59 




JVyrsinltes 


. 


60 




prociitnbens 


. 


61 




berbAcca 


i4 


69 




poliris 


. 


63 




Kitaibeliaaa 


. 


64' 




serpyUilolia 


. 


65 




myrtUloides 


. 


66 


.1616 


reticuUta - 


m 


67 


glaiica 


. 


68 




cUeag&ifoUa 
arenlria 


- 


69 
70' 




lanaU 


m 


71 




Stuarttaaa - 


m 


72 


»1617 


Lappdnum 


. 


78 


seiicea 


. 


74 




proteo/bfia 


. 


75 




alatemoldfls 


to 


76-" 




▼ersicolor 


« 


77 




arg^ntea 


• 


78 




fncubioea 


. 


79 




adso^ndens 


. 


80 




parrifSlia 


. 


81 




prostnLta 


. 


82 >.1618 


Abca 


. 


88 




rdpens 


. 


84 




Doniibia 


. 


85 




arb6s0ula 


. 


86 




rosmarinifolia 


. 


87 




deciimbens 


. 


88 




tineJbris 


• 


89" 




ind^ 


. 


90 




c£ndida 


m 


91 


fl ^\ A 


villosa 


m 


92 


>-1619 


subalplna - 


. 


93 




refl^ia 


. 


94 




pennsyWinica 


. 


95' 




pfllida 


. 


96 




petrsD^a 


. 


97 


^1620 


Schleicheridna 


» 


98 




grison^n»s 


- 


99J 





SiL str^ida 

s6rdida 

riTulJlris 

austnUis 

rotundita 

dura 

firma 

Ansonidiia 

atroTirens 

Andersont<2iia 

Forsterfdfia 

rup^tris 

ooridcea - 

hirta 

cotinilolia 

crassifdlia 

laciistris 

▼aud^nsis 

latif81ia 

grisopb^Ua 

incan^scens 

spbacelata 

ciiprea 

panndsa 

aurlta 

cindrea 

oleif51ia 

aqu4tica 

forruginea 

germinata 

macrostipultoa 

acuminata 

stipularis 

▼iminalis 

Smithtdfia 

Mieheltdiia 

&]ba 

csrulea 

arbiiscula - 

rettisa 

&sr6«rifdlia 

rigida 

oordita 

oordifBlia 

obovata 

Muhlenbergi^na 

«gyptiaca 

dkcolor 

falcata 

alpina 

tristis 

U>a.drri 

nlgra 
i>6pulus &lba 

can6seens 

tr^mula 

tr6pida 

grandident&ta 

gne^ca 

nigra 

canad^nsis 

6etulaBi51ia 



^1622 



^1623 




1624 



1627 



1628 



1629 



Clxxviii LIST OF ENGRAVINOS OF BOTANICAL SFECIMENS 



Flgw» 


PiS* 




Flgw» P«|» 


P6p. monillfisra - - 1517 


1657 


Qu. JS^gilops 


. ] 


1721 1862 


fastigiata - - .1520 


1661 


Aooms of American Oaks ] 


1722 1863 


angulata - - 1533 


1671 


&Um 


. 1723, ] 


"-{{^ 


heterophylla - - 1534 


1672 






1^1 ie^ f 1535, 1536 
balsamlfera (suppL 2530 


1674 


rep&nda 


. 1 


1724 1865 


2589 


squamdsa 


- ] 


1725 1865 


c4ndicans * - 1537 


1676 


olivsef^rmis 


. ! 


1730 1869 






macrocirpa . 


. i 


1731 1870 


Betulacea. 


• 


obtu^loba 


- 


1732 1870 






lyraU 


. 1733, 1 


1734 1781 


i^us glutindsa - - 1540 


1677 


Prinus paliistris 


. '. 


1735 1878 


laciniata - .1538 


1678 


montioola 


. . 


1786 1874 


ozyacanthKioIia . 1539 


1679 


acuminaU 


. ' 


1737 1875 


incana - - .1543 


1687 


pumila 


. ] 


1738 1875 


serrulita . - 1544 


1688 


tomentdsa 


. . 


1739 1876 


oordifoUa . - 1545 


1689 






1744 (^«^^ 
^'*^\1878 


Tiridis . . . 1546 


1690 


rubra 


1740. to ] 


acumin&U . Suppl. 2531 


2589 


coocinea . 


1746. to ] 


1748 1880 


casteneaefdlia . Suppl. 2532 


2589 


ambigua 


. ' 


1749 1882 


^^tula &lba . . .1547 


1691 


faleaU 


- 1750, ] 


1751 1883 


pub^scens - - 1548 
pontica . > 1549 


1691 
1692 


tinctoria 


1753. to J 


-"{\Z 


daurica . . .1556 


1704 






11887 


fniticdsa . .1557 


1705 


paliistris 


1758. to ] 


'7«>{.I8M 


piiimila ... 1553 


1706 


CatesbiB^t . 


. 1762, ] 


1763 1889 


nana ... 1559 
/wpulifdlia . . .1560 


1706 
1707 


nigra 


. 1764, ] 


"«Klll? 


papyracea - - 1561 


1709 


aqu&tica 


- 1767, ] 


1768 1892 


nigra . - 1562, 1563 1 }^Jj 


•licifolia 


- 1770, ] 


1771 r 1894 
^^^*\1895 
1774 1896 


ezc^Isa . . 1564, 1565 


"1712 


Ph6IIo8 


„ _ 


I^nta . - .1566 


1713 


ZaurifBIia 


. ; 


1776 1897 


^^ ^ ^ 




h^brida 


. ] 


1775 1897 


Lyorylacece. 




imbricaria . 


- 1777, 


1778 P®^® 
^^^^ 1899 

1781 1900 


Qu6reus pedunculata . . 1567 


1731 

m ^ . — 


riez 


_ 


ped. heterophflla 1569. to 1571 -{ }!^^^ 


BaO^ia 


1783. to 


1788 1907 


sessiliflora . - 1572 


1736 




. 1787, ] 


pub6scens . . 1573 


1737 






1792(^^« 
''^'tl909 


sessiliflora var. - 1574. to 1579 1?!?? 


cocclfera - 


1789. to ] 




l J 739 


pseudo-coccifera 


. . ] 


1794 1911 


pedunculata - - 1583 


1743 


nv I 




-^{\l\l 

1801 1917 


sessilifloia . .1584 


1743 


iSuber 


1795. to] 


pyreniUca - - . 1696 


1843 


Pseddo.5(iber 


^ ^ 


apennina - . 1697 


1844 


V _ 




^H\l\l 

1804 1921 


iTsculus - . 1699. to 1701 


1845 


▼irens 


. 1802, ] 


arris and ▼ars. 1702. to 1706 1 !?1? 


lanaU 


m * J 


l 


15*7 


annulaU - 


. « 


1805 1922 


p^ndula . .1707 
austriaca . . 1708 


"1848 
1848 


Tiimen 


1806. to ] 


'««{i^r* 


cana major . . 1709 


1849 

■ 


hf brida nana . 


1810. to ] 


1812 1924 


fulham^nsis - 1710, 1711 1 


1850 


Fontandstt 


- ; 


1813 1925 


1851 


australis 


. . ] 


1814 1925 


laciniata - Suppl. 2534 


2591 


Co6ktt . 


m . J 


815 1926 


Luoombedna - 1714 


1854 


yag^nea 


— . ] 


816 1926 


crfspa . 1715, 1717C 


1856 


lusit^nica 


, ^ 


1817 1927 


dentcita .1716 


1856 


/>r6sina 


„ „ 


1818 1928 


suberdsa . 1717a 


1857 


infectdria 


. 1819, ] 


1820 1928 


incisa - . 1717& 


1857 


Libani 




1826 1932 


heteroph^lla . 1719 


1859 


casUnesefdlia 


m m 


1827 1933 



GlVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxxix 



Oaki not yet miroduced. 




Himalayan. 








Plgim 


Page 


Qu. spieaU - 


. 1828 


1933 


gnmdifdlia 


. 1829 


1934 


Ydutina 


- 1830 


1934 


Uunelldsa 


- 1831 


1935 


seinicarpifdlia 


- 1838 


1935 


Jaoanue. 






■undaica • - 1833, 1834 


1936 


pruinosa 


- 1835 


1937 




- 1836 


1937 


p411ida - - 1837, 1838 


1937 


ilegans 


. 1839 


1938 


plaoentaria 


- 1840 


1938 


glab^rrima 


. 184S 


1938 


oosUta - - 1841, 1843 1 


1938 
1939 


rotundata 


- 1844 


1939 


dkphnbidea 


. 1845 


1939 


platyc4rpa 


- 1846 


1939 


geinellifldra 


. 1847 


1940 


induta 


. 1848 


1940 


paeiido-moldcca 


- 1849 


1940 


turbinata 


. 1850 


1941 


lineata 


. 1851 


1941 








lalap^nais 


. 185S 


1941 


g]auc6soen8 


. 1853 


1941 


obtuaaU 


. 1854 


1942 


pandurata - - 1855» 1856 


194S 


repAnda 


. 1857 


1943 


b&rina 


. 1858 


1943 


rider6xyla 


. 1860 


1943 


mexicana 


. 1861 


1944 


cr&Bipe« 


. 8862 


1944 


angustifdlia 


- 1859 


1943 


lanoeolata 


. 1863 


1944 


retieuiata - 


. 1865 


1945 


chrjrsophfUa 


. 1864 


1945 


pulcfa^la - 


. 1866 


1945 


spicaU 


. 1867 


1945 


stipuiaris - 


. 1868 


1946 


erassifdlia 


. 1869 


1946 


amblgua 


. 1870 


1946 


depr^ssa 


. 1871 


1946 


oonferti£)liA 


- 1872 


1947 


tridens 


- 1873 


1947 


aeutifolia 


. 1874 


1947 


/Kigus sylyitica heterophyna 


/1875 \ 
\1876 J 


1952 


syW. cristaU 


. 1877 


195S 


ferruginea 


- 1917 


1981 


can^niana - 


- 1915 


1980 


latifBlia 


. 1916 


1980 


obllqua 


. 1919 


1982 


ftetuloides - 


. 1920 


1982 


Domb^yt 


. 1921 


1983 


dJibia 


. 1C22 


1983 


OMtinea piWila - - 19S7, 19S8 


S002 


marUb4nica 


- 19S9 


8006 



{ 



SuppL 



Caa. TungtirTut 

arg ntea 

javanica 
Girpinus americana 

orientalis 

▼iminea , . 
0'strya Tulgaris 

rirglnica 

C6rylu8 ^feUana 
Ay, tubuldsa 

criqMi 
Cbliirna 

arbor^soens 
flrox 

Garrykcesd. 

Gkrrya elliptica . - 1951 8038 

Flatandcea. 

Plitanus orienaiis - 1958. to 1954 1|^^ 
occidentalis - . 1959 8043 

tkdsamdcece. 

Liquid&mbar Styraciflua - 1961 8049 

imb^rbe . . 1963, 1964 2054 

Altingta - . - 1965 8054 

Mi/ricdcea. 



Plgv* 


Pa«. 


1930 


8003 


1931 


8004 


1938 


2004 


1986 


8013 


1937 


S014 


1938 


8014 


1939 


8015 


1940 


2016 


8537 


8595 


1941 


8017 


1948 


8018 


1943 


8018 


1948 


8089 


1949 


8089 


1950 


8031 



. 1966,1967 



Afyrica Gdle 

cerifera latifdlia > 
Fdya 

spathulaU •> 
Comptonta osplenifdlia 

Gnet^as. 

£'phedra distichya -1973,1974 
monostachya - 1975, 1976 

altissima - 1977, 1978, 1979 

{1980 
Suppl. 8539 

Taadcea. 

TkxuB baceaU fiistigiaU .1981 

Salisbdna adiantifdlia . 1988,1983 

Pododirpus latifdlius . - 1995 

chilinus . . - 1996 

elongatus ... 1997 

eoriaceus . . . 1998 

taxifdlius - - 1999, 8000 

Dacrydium cupr^ssinum > 8001 

Phyl]6cladis rhomboidilis 8008, 8003 

Conifera. 






8056 
8057 
. 1968 8057 
. 1969 8059 
. 1970 8059 
. 1971 8060 



Pinus sylT6stris 

syl. uncinaU 
pumilio . 



r8057, 
X 8 




S063 
8064 
8064 
2065 
2597 



8066 
8095 
8100 
8101 
8101 
SlOl 
8101 
2108 
2102 



8153 

to 
8155 
8160 
8157 
8186 
8189 



clxxx 



BOTANICAL SPECIMEN8 IN TEXT. 



Pin. pum. M^kMt 
Banlcsta»a 

inops 

mitis 
p6iifeiis 

LaHcio 

aiulrkfoa 

Pallatt^ 



- 2059,9000 «187 
- 2064. to2066^ gj^ 



- 2068. to2070 
. 9072. to2076 



9192 
2193 
2195 
9196 
- 9077. to 9079 2198 

{9200 
to 
2202 
• 9085 9205 
2206 
. 9066. to fl089-{ to 

2908 
2909 
9210 
9910 
9211 
canad^iisu bifSlia 2098, 2099 2213 

{2214 
2215 
2218 
LemontaiiM - 2102, 2103 2216 
minor - - 2104 2217 

9995 
Pfnea - 9106, 9107. 9109 •{ to 

2227 
'2231 
to 
2933 
briitia - - 2114. to 2116 ^2235 

sp. AromNepal - -2117 2236 

'2237 



pyrenJLiea 
resinda 



i^inister 



• 909a to2093 
. 2094. to 2096 



balep^nsis 



. 2110. to2113 



ne^da 
rigida 
8er6t&na 
▼ariibilxs 



. 2118. to912M 
. 2123. to 2126 
. 2197. to21S0 



2238 
2939 
2241 
2242 
2243 
2131 2242 



ISuppl. 2540 2599 

{9Q44 
2245 
Aroeuthdbium Oz^e^ - 2137 2246 

{2947 
to 
2249 
2250 



JPinus Sabini^mi 

CoiUtert 
longifSlia 



- 2144. to 9146 



2251 



. 2148. to 2151 f|^^^ 



Gerardfdna 
australis 

canari^nsis 

sin^nsb 
insignis 

p4tu]a 



2954 
2255 
2256 

to 
2258 
2261 
2263 

. 2167. to 2169 2264 

-2170, 2172 2265 

.' 2073, 2074 2266 

- 2175, 9176 2267 



- 2153 to 2155 

- 2156. to 2159 

- 2162. Ui^l65\ 



Pin. LlaTe^JMi 

muricata 
tubereuUta 
radiata 
oocidentalis 

MontesilnuB 

leiopbflla 

ChAra 

iSitrobus 

ezc6ba 

XjambertidM 

montioola 

cont6rta 
.^lMes «zo^lsa 
ezc^lsa nlgra 
41ba 
nigra 
rubra 
Smitbtdaa 

Douglasn 

Mensidsu 

dumdsa 

oephal6nica 

Pioea pectinata 

balsamea 

Friseri 
gr&ndis 
amibilis 
n6bilis 

Webbidaa 

Pindrow 

bracteita 

religidsa 

Zariz europsB^^a 
Cidrus Libani 



. 2177. to 2179 



{ 



2267 



. 9164, 9165 



2268 

2180 2269 

2181 2270 

2182 2271 

2183 2272 
2272 
2273 

2186 2274 
2274 



{ 



. 2188. to2191- 



. 2193, 
. 2197, 
. 2203, 



9195 



- 2206,9909'! 

- 2210, 



to 

2277 
2280 
2261 
2286 
2287 

2206 f^®® 
2291 



9900 






{ 



9292 

2211 2299 

. 2212 2293 

- 2213 2294 

. 2224 2311 

. 2225 2319 

. 2228 2316 

. 2229 2317 

.2230, 2231 {1^^ 

. 9989 2321 
2234 2325 
2936 2326 
2330 
2331 
2339 
2340 
9944 2340 
2246 2341 
2246 2342 
2250 2343 
/2344 
12345 
2346 
2347 

2256 2348 

2257 2349 
9543 2602 

2258 2353 
9967 2403 

2428 



. 2233, 

- 2235, 

. 2337, 2338 

. 224a to 2242 

- 2243, 
. 2245, 

- 9947, 
. 9249, 

. 2251, 

- 2254, 



I; 



2252 



2255 



: 



Suppl. 



Dtoditra - 2283, 2284. 2286- 



Antticaria imbricata . 2986. to 9992 



brasiliana 
eze^Isa 



to 
2430 
2433 

to 

2435 

2439 

2440 

2441 

2442 

2304 2444 

2545 2604 

ia sintosiB 2306,9907 2446 



- 2294. to 2296 
. 2297. to 2301 • 



Cunninghanm | ^^ 



LIST OF FUNGI9 LICHENS9 MOSSES, ETC. 



clxxxi 



J06numara orientalis - 2308, 

australis - - 2310, 

21ii\ja oGcidentaUs 

orientalis 

cupressoides 

p^odula . - 2317, 

G&Hitris quadriy&lTis 
C^r^fisus sempenrirens 

^hybides . « . 

lusitAnioa ... 

toroldsa - . 2329. to 



Flgnre 
2309 



2311 



l: 



p^ndula 



- 23S2. to 



Tazddium distichum 
dist. nutans 
sempervirens - 2S40, 

Juniperus commiknisl ^. .^ . 

Oxfcedrus - 9851, 

macroc&rpa 

drupacea - - 2354. to 
▼irgini^na 
bermudiana 

Sabina and Vars. 2359. to 

daurica .. - 2364, 

phflenlcea 



2447 

2448 

2448 

2449* 

2312 2455 

2315 2459 

2316 2460 
2818 2461 

2319 2463 

2320 2465 

2327 2475 

2328 2478 
2331 2479 

{2479 
to 
2480 
2335 2481 
2338 2482 
2341 2487 
r2489 
2349 •{ to 
(^2491 

2352 2494 

2353 2494 

2356 2495 

2357 2496 

2358 2498 
2499 
2500 

2365 2501 

2366 2502 



2363 



{: 





Flgun 




/un. If cia 


.SS67.2368|^ 


thurlfera 


- 2369 


2503 


eic61sa 


- 2370 


2504 


rec^rra 


- 2371 


2504 


chin^nsis 


- 2372, 2373 


2505 


Smithu' 


• 2374 


2505 


JS'mpetrum nigrum 


- 2375, 2376 


2507 


rubrum 


- 2377, 2378 


2508 


Ceratiola eriebides 


- 2379, 2380 


2509 


Anilax 4spera 


. 2381 


2510 


ezo^lsa 


- 2382 


2511 


rubens 


- 2383 


2511 


oarM^pciri lui * 


- 2384 


2512 


hastaU lanceoiata 


- 2385 


2512 


qxtadrangularis 


- 2386 


2514 


ii<iscus aculeatus 


- 2387 


2518 


hypophyllum 


- 2388 


2519 


raeemdsus 


- 2389, 2390 


2520 


y^ieea gloriosa 


. 2391 


2522 


sup^rba 


- 2392 


2523 


alolfdlia 


- 2393 


2523 


dracdnis 


- 2395 


2525 


stricta 


- 2396 


2526 


filamentosa 


- 2397 


2526 


angustifolia 


- 2398 


2526 


fl&ccida - 


- 2399 


2527 


glauc^scens 


- 2400 


2527 


Fourcroya longs^va 


. 2401 


2527 


Litts^a gemmiflora 


- 2403 


2529 


Agive americina 


Suppl. 2546 


2606 


ChamasVops humilis - 


- 2404 


?530 



LIST OF FUNGI, LICHENS, MOSSES, &c. 



^idium Phii 


- 2031 


2148 


Bulgaria sarcoides 


. 1681 


1835 


BtK0ct%di9 ■ ' 


- 47 


303 


Canthar^llus cibarius 


- 2037 


2149 


^tfgincus androsaceus 


- 1690 


1837 


Crat^rium leuqoc^phalum 


- 1898 


1974 


ostre^us 


- 1667 


1833 


Cenangium ^u^rcinum 


. 1682 


1835 


campan^lla 


- 2019 


2146 


Daorymyoes stelUtqs 


. 2024 


?I48 


delioiosus 


- 2084 


2149 


Dsedalea 6et(^1ina 


. 1553 


1703 


dr^inus 


- 1665 


1833 


gibbosa 


. 1886 


1973 


fl&seidus 


• 2021 


2147 


9U^rcina 


- 1668 


1888 


^ypothdius 


- 2032 


2149 


Ditiola radicata 


- 2023 


2147 


^ m w 

i^pideus 


- 2090 


2147 


Ezidia auriculae Jud« 


- 1686 


1835 


Doaevlatus 


- 2036 


2149 


glanduldsa 


- 1687 


1835 




- 1882 


1971 


Fistulina hep&tica 


- 1674 


1834 


mikcidus 


- 1883 


1971 


Geogl66sum cucuUatum 


- 2039 


2149 


multifSrmls 


- 2033 


2149 


▼iride 


- 1899 


1974 


muscarius - 


- 1555 


1704 


JBjelT^Ua escul^nta 


. 1904 


1975 


palmatus 


- 1666 


1833 


pileus - 


- 1887 


1973 


phlebophorus 


- 1885 


1973 


JJ;^dnum aurisctipium 


- 2030 


2148 


rutilans 


• 2018 


2146 


oorallbides 


- 1889 


1973 


spinipes 


,. 2028 


2148 


jPrin&ceus 


- 1675 


1834 


strobilinus 


- 2029 


2148 


imbricatum 


- 2035 


2149 


i^oldtus ediklis 


. 1689 


1836 


JTypnum cupressif^rme 


- 1658 


1831 


imbricatus 


- 1888 


1973 


denticulatum 


- 1656 


1831 


▼elutinos 


- 1670 


1833 


Hyst^rium rugdsum 


- 1897 


1974 



clxxxii 



L18T OF INSECTS. 



Lecidea c6rnea 
L^kea compUnita 
Ldphium elatum 

mytilinum 
Xichen pulmonarius - 

ATticulatus 
MorehiOa eacul^nta 

p4tuU 
Nidularia crucibulum 
Op^grapba vendsa 
Pnisa aciculariB 

aeruginosa 

aur&ntia 

fructigena 

melitftoma 

polym6rpba 
Pbacidium coronatum 
Pol^porus fomentarius 

igniarius 

squamdsus 

yenicolor 

deformed sp. 
Puccinia J?uzi 



1664 
1657 
2087 
2026 
1659 
25SS 
1902 
190S 
2025 
1906 
1679 
1891 
1678 
1900 
1890 
1680 
1692 
1672 
1671 
1669 
1554 
167S 
1219 



18S3 
1831 
2148 
2148 
1832 
2590 
1974 
1975 
2148 
1976 
1834 
1973 
1834 
1974 
1973 
1834 
1837 
1834 
1834 
1833 
1703 
1834 
1340 



Rhizopdgon lUbus 
Sclerod^rma dtrinum 
Sclerotium ^u^rcinum 
SpatbularU flavida 
SpbseVU ogaricifiSrmis 

alutaoea 

de{ista 

discifiSrmis 

fnigif6rmU 

i\»isa . 
SpilonU fuligindsum 
Sticta scrobiculata 
Stictis ladiata 
Stilbum turbinitum 
Tbel6pbora birsil^U 

laciniata 

^u^rcina 

sanguinoUnta 
Trem611a intum6soens 

mesent^rica 
Tuber cibarium 
irmea plicata - 
Verruc ria anal6pta - 



1905 


1976 


1688 


1836 


1691 


1837 


2040 


2149 


2042 


2149 


2041 


2149 


1893 


1973 


1894 


1973 


1892 


1973 


1895 


1974 


1662 


1833 


1660 


1832 


1683 


1835 


1896 


1974 


1677 


1834 


2038 


2149 


1676 


1834 


2022 


2147 


1685 


1835 


1684 


1835 


1901 


1974 


1661 


1832 


1663 


1833 



LIST OF INSECTS. 



Acher6ntU A'tropos 

BaUninus nikcum 

^6mbyx mori - - - 

Callidium flexuosum 

Cintharis vesicatdria 

CatocaU elocata 

Cerikra AircuU ... 

Clytus i^rietU 

C69SUS Lignip^rda 

Jaws of the Larva of C68sus1 

Lignip6rda - - J 

Cynips g^lse tinctoriss 
Galls of Cynips gillse tinctdri» 
Bead Sea Apples - 1823, 

C^nips producing Dead Seaf 

Apples - - \_ 

Galls of Dipl61epU umbriculus 
2>6rcu8 parallelopipedus 

Littk Grey Erxnine Moth 

Sooteh Pine shoots perforated 

by Hyldrgus pinip6rda - 
Larvs? of Li^ybird and S^hus 
Lim^xylon nasikle 
X.uc&nus C6rvu8 
Megachile centuncularU 
NitlduU grisea ... 
N6ctua hastulifera 

Oak GaUs and Apples 1649. to 



1081 
1947 
1224 
1268 
1047 
1293 
1518 
1541 
1233 



1253 
20S8 
1356 
1446 
1224 
1484 
1659 
1680 
1386 



Oak Spangles 
Pnpilio Favoniuj 
iVipilio Ilioneus 
i^alc^na &lbifi'oiis 



1234 1387 

1822 1929 

1821 1929 

1824 1931 

1825 1932 

1697 1843 

635 886 

2463 2564 

2464 2565 

2013 2142 

547 811 
1646 1818 
1645 1816 

548 812 
1289 1480 
1544 1688 

{1824 
to 
1826 

1652 1827 

1745 1879 

2521 2584 

1728 1868 



Ph. Auroni - - 

liina .... 

lucida ... 

ne6gama 

neustrU ... 

Polyphteus 

stigma 

tesselaris ... 

Fu- Cone attacked byPhalae^Ml 
Tinea - - - J 

Fir Bud attacked by Euddrea 1 
resinea ' ' J 

Trees attacked by Pinddes plni 1 
and P. notatus - J 

ScaralMeNis ilfelol6ntha 
Sc61ytu8 destriictor 
511pha griaea 
Sinod6ndron cylindricum 
5jphinjr ooniferarum 

drupiferarum 



jasmmearum 



- 1079, 



JugUndU ... 
ligiUtri - - 
Ravages of T6micu8chalG6gra- *! 

phus - - - J 

Ravages of T6mious typ6gra- 1 

phus - ■ * J 

7\Srtrix riridina 
Trocbilium crabronii^rme 
Larvse of Trodiilium crabroni- 1 

fiSrme - * " J 

Zeux^ra se^sculi 
Section of a Pear Tree per- 

forated by Zeusdra «'sculi 



} 



1729 


1868 


1962 


2053 


1766 


1891 


1261 


1438 


1769 


1893 


2535 


2591 


1752 


1884 


1918 


1981 


2016 


2145 


2017 


2146 


2012 


2141 


1648 


1822 


1235 


1387 


1288 


1479 


1048 


1229 


2161 


2260 


1253 


1418 


1080 


[1252 
1253 


1270 


1447 


1021 


1201 


2015 


2144 


2014 


2143 


1647 


1818 


1290 


1481 


1296 


1482 


636 


887 


637 


887 



LIST OF DIAGRAM8, ETC. 



clxxxiii 



LIST OF DIAGRAMS, &c. 



'.} 




2 

S 

4 



195 

805 
208* 
908 

309 

210 
210 
210 

252 

266 

415 



Efieet of the Sea-Breese on \ 

theOak . - - J 

Panllelogram fbr dnwixig 

Trees 
Touchofthe Oak 
Touch of tbe' Lea^es 

wfld Pear 
Outline of an entire 

young Oak 
Outline of a young Tree of the 

Bird-Cherry 
Details of leafing, the Oak 
Details of leafin^ the Bird- 

Cherry 
Chinese Characters lignifying 

** Moutan " 
Mode of protecting Magndlta \qo 

grandiflora - - - J 
Cotyledons of A^eer P8eikdo-\.|^ 

Plitanus - - -J^*" 

Mode of pLuiting Robi. 1 111 416 

nwhispida - jSuppl. 2439 2552 

DengnslbraRoaarium] ^^^'^^^\ 796 

(,Suppl.2461 2561 
Arch fbr training Roses - - 528 797 
Trellis fbr ditto - - 529. to 531 
Standards fi^r training') 
Roees - - J 

Mode of training Roees on Walk 537 

Budding Roses - - 538. to 542 1 

Pruning Roses - - 543. to 545 

Training standard Roses - • 546 

Germination of the Mistletoe - 772 

Honeysuckle, arehitectural or-*) 

nanoent - - .J 

f 886 
Plans fbr Erioetumsyor Heath- I 

*™* • • " [888 

Briek and Tile Drains - 999. to 1001 

Designs fisr Ericacetums, or I . 
American Grounds - 1 .^^ 

Sprayofthe Ash - -1046 

Orafting 0'mus eu- 



532. to536 



798 
799 

800 
802 
805 
807 
809 
1024 

796 1043 



ropoea - - J 
GrafUng O^mus amencana 



1066. to 1068 



1096 

to 

1099 
1175 
1178 

to 

1185 
1222 
1242 



- 1216, 1217 



{ 
{ii 



1243 
- 1071 1245 

1337 

338 

. 1232 1382 



FlgUVB 



Freneh l^arterres 

Spray of the Elm 

Ehns injured by Sc61y- 1 , ™ ,00-/ 1388 

tus destriictor - j ^^^' ^^^ \ 1389 

Birds(Titmou8e)ontheWalnut 125^ 1424 

Budding the Wabut - 1 858, 1 259 1 j ^3^ 



Basket-making - - 1277. to 1285 

Fences of Willow - 1286, 1287 

Willow pierced by Tro-1 
chSlium crabronif6rme J ^^^^* *^* 



{ 



Huts of Birch Bark in Lapland 1552 
Oak Trees with inoscu-j ^g^^^ ^^^^ 



kted Trunks 



{ 
{ 



Spray of the Oak - 1637. to 1641 

Touch'of the Oak, by Stratt < 1642 
Bamacles on the Oak 1653. to 1655 

Bamacles attaehed to a Piece 1 .... 

of Sprace Fir - - J ^**^ 
Branching of Turkey Oak -1720 
Aooms of different Species of \ . ^_ 

AmericanOaks - . T 
Axe for detacfaing Cork frora |^ ,^^ 

the Tmnk of the Cork Tree J *^^ 
Spray of the Beech - 1879, 1880 

ri881 
InoscuUited Beeches ~ ' 1 ^^^^ 

L19O8 
Rustic Garden Seat of Hasel 1 , _. 

Rods - - - M^ 

RusticFlower-Basketof Hazel I ,». . 

Rods - - -]^^^ 

Rustic Arbour of Hazel Rods - 1946 
Plane Tree Lea^ and ^^apIiocq 

oftheMorea - - - J^^^** 
Log House of Pine Trunks - 2006 
American Worm Fence - 2007 

Swedish Wooden Fence - 2008 

Grafting the ^i^tins - 2009, 2010 1 

Skeleton of a Sootch Pine At"! .^^^ 

Gordon Castle - - J ^^ 
Mode of cutting out") 

Deals from theTrunks [ 2053, 2054 

of Pine and Fir Trees j 
Section of Larch Board, hav- 

ing a Branch with the Bark 

on embedded in it - - 
Sections of Larch affected by* 

Rot - - . 

Frame and Cover forl 

protecting Half-hardy }-2405, 2406 

Pkmts . - J 

Grround Plan of an Espalierl 

for training the Looust - J 
Black MulbCTry at Canteibury 2526 
Design for a Labyrinth •* . 2538 



Paiic 

1473 

to 
1475 
1476 

1482 

1698 

1780 

1794 

to 
1796 
1796 
1829 
1830 

2600 

1859 

1863 

1915 

1967 
1971 
1972 
1977 

2023 

2024 

2025 

2038 

2123 
2123 
2124 
2130 
2131 

2162 
2170 



>2265 



2266 



2380 
2386 
2531 



2439 2552 

2586 
2599 



clxxxiv 



LIST OF AUTHORITIE8 



LIST OF AUTHORITIES 

FOR GENERIC AND SPECIFIC NAMES, &c 



A.etS. 

Abk. et SmUh. 

AVboH. 
Abel. 

Aek. 
Aeh.IUek. - 



A.DeC 

Afiel. 

Ak. 

Alb. et Sdk*. 

AU. l 
AUkm.S 
Alpfn. 



Andert. 1 
Anderton.y 



Andt. 
Andrew. 



AmHb. 
Audibert 

AustiH. 



} 
} 



Bab. 

Baekhomte. - 

Salb. \ 
Batbis. S 
Bimitter. 

Barrei. 7 

Barretier.S ' 
Bartr. 1 - 
Barlrant. f 
Bat l . . 
Bati.S 
Battek. 
Baub. l • 
iin.S 



BauJkin. 



Bentk 
Bentkam 



Bm.J 



A. 

Albertini et Sckw-bUix. Mo- 

raTuui mlnionAriet reddent 

in Amefica* 
AbboU and Smitk. The flrst 

an amateur, the second tbe 

founder of Uie Llnnaan So- 

dety. 
Abbott. See Abbott et Smitk. 
AbeL Autbor of **PerMnal 

OlMervatIons,ftc.,inChina." 
Aekarint. A Swedish pro- 

fenor, and writer upon Ll- 

AektUe Riehard. A FreDcta 

botanift. 
Adanmm. A French tyiCe- 

matlc botanlai. 
AipkoneeDe CandoOe. Author 

of ** Monographie det Cam. 

paniil^'^fta; and tan ol 

the disthiguisbed De Can- 

doll& 
AfteUmt. A Swedisb pro- 

fenor. 
Aiton. Director of the Royal 

Oarden at Kew. 
Aiherikd and Sekweinitx. 

Writen upon Fungi. 

AUkmi. An ItaliAn boUniat. 

Protper Aipini. An Italian 

phVsician, and author of 

*' De Plantla £g7pti et de 

Baltamo," ftc 
Anderton. A London mer. 

chant; publiihed a paper 

on Pconie*. 
Henry Andrevtt. A botanical 

drauchtcman, and edltor of 

the **Botanical Repository," 

ftc. 
JtttliBerfL A nnneryniAn at 

Tanwcon, in the south of 

Franee. 
JbtHin. A naneryman at 

Glacgow. 



Babington. An Englich bo- 

taniit 
Backhotue. A Dttneryman 

at York. 
Baibit. A Freoefa proftMor 

ofbotanj. 
Banitter. A botanlcal au> 

tbor, and traTeller. 

Btrrelier. A Frencb botaniat 

Bartram. Formerly a nur- 

ieryman at Phtladelpbla. 
Battard or Batard, A writer 

upon the Plora of France. 
Batsek. A writer upon Fungl. 
Bamkin. Brothen, profcefon 

of medidne, publlshed in 

1680.1650. 
Bentkam. An Engliah bo- 

tanist, Mcretarr to tbe 

Horticultural Society of 

London. 



Bergiut. 
Berk. 



Bert. 1 

Bertoi.S 
Bett. \ 

Besser.S 



Bigei. > 



iffime. 

Boerk. 

BoU. 

Bootk. 

Bonpl. 

Bootk. 

Bork, 
Bofref. 

Bote. 

Brong. 
Brot. 

Broutsonei. 
Buck. 



BuU. 



BurdL 

Burgtdorf. 
Busek, 



Buab. 



Bergius. A Swedish writer 

upon Capje Plantt. 
Beo. M. J. BerkHep. An 
English cryptogamic bot»- 
nift. 
Berttdoni. A «riter npeo 

the Flor» of France. 
Bester. A Runian profesaor, 

resident io the Criroea. 
Bieberttein. A Russian boU- 

nist of great note. 
Jaeob mgetowt M.D. Pro- 
fcssor of botany at Boston, 
U. S.. and author of ** Ame- 
rlcan Medleal Botany,** and 
** Florula Bostoniemta.'* 
Blume^ M.D. A Dutdi 

boUnist. 
Boerkaaoe. An old Dutch 

botanlat. 
Boiion. An EngUsbwiiteroD 

Fuligt. 
BooOk. Brothen,nunerymen 

at Itanburg. 
Bonpland. A French tra- 
ym\er in South America, 
and boCanist. 
W.Beattie Bootk. Deccriber 
of the Camellias flgured in 
Chander*s ** lllustrations of 
the CamellleB." 
Borkkausen. A Genonan bo- 

tanical author. 
WiUiam Borrer. A writer 
on British Planta, and one 
of tbe authon of "Licheno- 
grapbia firitaaniea." 
Botc. A FVencb bolanist, 
and traveller In North 
America. 
Bregn. AuUior of ** SzoCica- 
rum Plantarum Centuria," 
&c. 
A. Srongniart. A French 

botanist. 
Brotero. A Portuguese .bo- 

tanist 
Brvustonei. A Ftcneh bota- 

niit, and traydler. 
Von Buck. A Geraum bota- 
nist, an author of a Fkw» of 
tbe Canarlec. 
Buckanan, formerly HamiL 
ton. An EngUsh physlciali, 
and fcraveller In Kepal. 
SuUiaitd. A French writcr 

uport Fungi. 
Btmge. One fii the autbon 

of^* Flora AlUica." 
BurekeU. An Enftlisb bobu 
nist, and traTeller at the 
Cape of Good Hope. 
Burgtdfotf. AGennARb^ta*. 

nlst. 
Basck. A Oerman gaidener, 
oDceaBnneryman atBrenU 
ford, Middlesex ; and after- 
wards gardenct to the £m« 

Jiress Catherine, at Zarsko- 
e-selo. 
BaxboMm^ M.D. A Russian 



POR 6ENERIC AND SPECIFIC NAMES, ETC. 



clxxxv 



botanist; traveller througb 
Annenia. 



C. 



C4mik. 
Camer. 

Cass. 

Cattagne. 

Catab. 1 . 
CateOp. i 
Catros. 

Ca». 

C. 

ca$. 



ca$. 

C. G. Nees Fo» 

Etenbedt. 
OumUI, 



Om. 
Cclehr. 

CoUa. 
Com. 
Cbok. 
Correa. 

Craniz. 



Cwm 
Cmm 
Cun. 

Daieek. 



Baelea. 
D.Jkm. 



Deb. l 

De Braif. \ 
Dec. i 

DeCandoUe.S 

DeOeer. 



D^ean. 

Dei. 
Dekmarre. 

DeM. 



old 



] 



] 



C^esafyinus. A fiunoiu 

ItaUan botanist 
Cambessedes. One of the 

authora of - flora Braiilia 

meridionalis.'* 
Camerarhu. A Oennan Im- 

tanist, author of " Hortu* 

Medicus et Philowphlcus/' 

ftc. 
H. Catsini. A Frei¥:h boU- 

nitt 
L. Castagne. A French bo- 

niat? 
U. Caiesby. A boUniat, and 

trayeller in NortliL America. 
CtUros. A nurterTman at 

Bordeauz. 
Caoanilles. A SMniah pro- 

Ceasor and botaniit. 
Caspar BauMn. A celebrated 

botanistorthe 16th century. 
Celshfs, D.D., Greelc profeHor 

at UpMl, and friend of 

Linncuc. 
Cels. A nuraeryman in Paris. 
C. G. Nees Von Esenbeck. A 

German botanist. 
M. ChaiUei. A Swiss botanist 
Ckamisso. A German tra- 

▼eller round the world. 
Ckotsy. A Swiu botanist. 
ClMSbis. Ao old French bo- 

tanist and traveller. 
Coi^rooke. A celebratcd 

English writer upon Indian 

Plants. 
QMaiion. A OeneTCtebote* 

nist. 
Commeltn. A Dutch bota- 

nist. 
Capt. S. B. Cook. A natu- 

ralist and traTeller. 
Correa de Serra. A Portu- 

guese boUnist and diido- 

matist. 
Crantz. An Austrianlbotanist 
T. G. Cuttum. A boUnical 

amateur. 
A. CunninK^am. Colonialbo- 

tanist at Sydney. 
Curtis. An English writer 

upon Planu. 

D. 

Daleekamns. Author of 

**Historia generalis Plan. 

Urum." 1586,1587. 
'Darlington. A writer in 

" Amer. Lyc. N. H." of 

New York. 
H. Daoies, D.D. A Welsh 

botanist. 
Daeld Don. Profeasor of bo- 

Uny in- King*s Coltcge, 

London, and librarian to 

the Linncan Sode^. 
Debray. AbotanistoiFrank- 

fort. 
A. P. De CandoUe. The 

eelebratcd French systema. 

tio boUnist. 
C. De Geer. Author of 

** Memoires pour seryir h. 

l'Hutoiredes Insectes"&c. 
Le Comte D^fean, A French 

naturalist. 
SaeDeWe. 
Detamarre. A French writer 

on plants. 
Ant. Delarbre. A French 

botanist, author of " Flore 

d'AuTergne." 



Deliie. 
Descemet. 

Detf. 

Desrous. 

Desm. 

Dese. 

Dickson. 

Dios. 

Dod. l - 
Dodon. S 

Domb. 

DonttfPor/ar. 

Donn. 



Dougl 
Dougl 

Dralet. 



'as. C 



Duby. 

Du/our. 

Dumont. 

Dun. \ 
DunaL y 
Dupont. 



Dur. l 

Durand. y 
DuBoi. 



Ekr. 
Ekrenberg. 

Ekrk. 
EUiol. 
EUis. 

Escksek. 

Etper. 



Pab. > 
Pabr. 3 
Palla. 

Pfng. 



Pisek. 

PUeker. 

Ploy. 

PlUgge. 
Porbes. 

Porsk. 

Porst. 

Pourc. 
Pries. 



} 



Delile. A French professor, 

and traveller in Egypt. 
Descemet. Dlrector of the 

Botanic Gardenat NikitkA, 

in the Crimea. 
Detfontaines. A FrencA bo- 

Unical author, and tra. 

▼cller in Barbary. 
Desrousseaua. A Freneh bo- 

tanist. 
Desmaxihres. A French cryp- 

togamic botanist. 
Desvaux. A French prov 

fessorofbotanr. 
Dickson. An fingUsh cryp- 

toffsmic boUnist. 
Dioseorides. An ancient clat« 

sic author and boUnlst. 
Dodoiueus, or Dodoens. A 

bounist of the 16th oen. 

tury. 
Dombey. 'A French tra- 

▼eller in South America. 
Don of Forfar. A Scotch 

botanist.. 
Donn. Formerly curator of 

the Cambridge Botanic 

Oarden. 
David Douglas. The cele^ 

brated botanical collector 

and martyr. 
Dralet. A French writer on 

theoak. 
Dtdfy. A French boUnist. 
Dttfour. A French botanist. 
Dumont d^ Courseh Awriter 

upon French garden planU. 

DunaL A French botanist 

Dupont. A French botenist^ 
author of "Double Flore 
Parislenne" 1805. 

Durand. A French botanist. 
Du Boi. A German writer 
upoaplanU. 

E. 

See Ekrenberg. 

Ekrenberg. A German trs- 

▼eller in Aiabia, &c. 
Ekrkart. A German botenlst. 
Elliot. An American botenist. 
EUis. A London merchant 

and botenist. 
Dr. Escksekottx. A Germaii 

botenist. 
Esper. A German writer on 

/^ngi. 



F. 



A German 



P. C. Pabricius. 

botenist 
Palla. A nurseryman at 

Oatesbead, near Newcastle. 
^ngerkutk. A German bo. 

tenist. 
Dr. Piseker. A Russianbo- 

tanist. 
Phy. A nurseryman in New 

York. 

A Oerman writer 



PlHgge 

upon 

Porbes. 



His 
Bed. 



Gardener to 

Grace the Duke of 

ford. at Wobvm. 
Forskdki. A Danish natu- 

ralist and tra^ellcr in 

Arabia. 
Porsters (Patker and Son). 

'IVavellers in the Soutb 

Seas with CapCain Cook. 
A. P. Pourcroy. A Frencb 

botenist. 
Prtes. A Swedish botanist, 

and WTiter upon Jttngi. 



clxxxvi 

Fkek, 

GmrU 

Carden. 

GantUchaud. 

G.DoH. 

GeoJf¥. 

Ger. et Loh. 
Ger. \ 

G€rard, J " 
Germar. 

Getn. 

GHL 

GUL et Hook, 
Gmek 

God^firog. 

^oldie, 

GordoOm 



Goaan. 
Grak. 7 
Grakam. J 

Grev, 



Grigor. 

GUldenit. 

GuMt. 



LIST OF AUTHORlTI£8 



AfciU. A cdebnted 
man botaniit. 



OCE^ 



GifU. 



Htenke. 
Haklaift 



HttU. 
HaU.JU. 
Ham. l 
HamiU. J 
HanbuTjf. 

Harri», 
Hart. 

Hartig. 

Hastelq, 

Hajfne. 
H.B. 

H. B. et Ktk. 

HeU. 

H.etKtk, 

B, Jd, IV, 



Giprtner. A oelebrfttcd Ger- 

taan carpologist. 
Garden. A 8cotch phytldan 

reaklent at Cbarleaton. 
Gaudickaud. A Ftench bo- 

tanUt 
Geo. Don. A botaniit, and 

editor of *<Don'i Miller." 
Geqtf^oy. A French bota- 

nitt of the 18th century. 
' See Girard, and alio LtAd. 

Girard. A French botaniat 

Germar. A Oerman ento- 

mologiit 
Conrad Gemer of Zuricb, a 

famoui botanlat 
Dr. GiUiet. A botanist and 

traveUer.' 
See GUL, and alto Hook. 
GmeUn. A RusaUn botanist, 

and traTeller in Slberia. 
God^rou. A nurseryman at 

Vllie a' Avray, near Parisw 
Goldie. A nurseryman at 

Ajrr, In Scotland. 
George Gordon, Superinten- 

dent of the Aiboretum in 

the Horticultural Society^s 

Garden. 
Gouan. A Frcoch Ixitanist 
Grakamt M.D. Regius pro. 

fesior of Botany at Edin- 

buifh 
Dr. GreviUe. An English 

botanist, and writer upon 

cryptogamous plants. 
Grigor. A nurseryman at 

Bgin. 
GUldenttaedi. A Rusiian bo- 

tanist. 
Jdamnet Gnttone, M.D. Di- 

rector of tbe Royal Botanic 

Oarden at Palermo, and a 

botanical author. 
L. GyUenkaU. Aiithor of 

*' Insecta Suecica de- 

scripta." 1806, 18?7. 

H. 

Hanke. A German botanical 

wrlter. 
Hakluift. Author of "Two 

Remembrances of Things to 

be undisooTered in Turlcey, 

ftc." 1598. 
HaUer. A Swiss botaaist 
Haiter tke ^ounger. 
Hamilton. A botanist, and 

traTeller in the East Indies. 
Hanbmy. A writer upon 

gardening. 
Harrit. An entomologlst 
Hartweg. Author of ** Hor- 

tus Carisruhensis." 
Hartig. A writer on the 

culture of forest trees. 
HattetquisL A botanist, and 

traveiler in the Levant. 
Haifne. A Oerman Iwtanist 
HumMdt and Bonpland. Fa. 

mous travellers and lx>ta. 

nists. 
Humboldi, Bonpland, and 

KuiUk. Oerman lx>tanists. 
N. C. HeUenhu, A Swedish 

bocanist 
Eumboldt and Kuntk. Oer- 

man botanists. 
Henru Lee JVamer, Sto., 

ItMcrtfln Couit, HertiL 



Hoigmt, 
Ht^fhumt 
Bohntk. 
Hook. 

Hook, et Am, 



Hoppe. 7 " 
itop». J 
Hom. 

Hort. 

Hort, Par. - 
Hott, 

IMOWtmOn, * 

Hudt. 

HuU. 

Humb. et Bonp. 

Humb.et Bonpl. 



J^er. 5 



Jaoq. 



} 



Hodgtnt. - NunerynaB, Dno- 

gaastown, near M^iddow. 
Ht^^muegg. A botanist of 

Hoimtkiold. A Dcnish bota- 

nlst. 
Skr W. J. Booker. Rcghas 

urofciior of botany In thc 

Unlvefsity of Glaigow. 
Sir W. J. Hooker and Amott, 

authon of ■'Tbe Botany 

of Captaln Beechey's Voy. 

age to the Padflc,*' ftc. 
Hoppe. A Oerman botanist 

and colleetor of vlants. 
Bomemanm. A Danish bo. 

tanist and professor. 
Hortulanorum. Of the Oar- 

deners. 
Qftke ParitGardm. 
Batt. An Austrian botaolrt^ 

and botanleal author. 
Bowiton. A writer in ttic 

•« Edln. PhiL Joum." 
Budton. An EngUsb wviter 

upoo British phmts. 
BtUi. A Engliih botanist. 
Bumboldt and ~ ' ' 

Sec H. B, 



I. 



C. Hliger. A writer <m na- 
tunlnistory. 



J. 



Jacauin. An Austrian Cn- 
vcller in Soutfa Amcrica, 
andbotanlat 
Jaume St,Hilaire. Jaume Saint BUaire. A 

French botanlat, and author 
of ** PUmtcs de U Franecb" 
ftc. 

Jo. BauJdn^ brother of Cas- 
par Bauhm.and autbor of 
•< Hlstoria Pianurum uni- 
versalls." 1650, 1S5I. 

Jokn Grigor, nuneryman of 
Forres. 

J. 0. Wettwood. An EOtlMi 
cntomologist. 

Juttieu. A oekbrated FKneh 
systematie botanlst. 

Juoenat. A claasic author. 



J.B. l 
J.Bank.i 



Jokn Grigor. 
J. O. W. 
Jutt, 



Juu. 



K. 



A tnveller ia 



Kam. et Zuccar 

Kahn. 
Ker. 
Kemer - 



KU. 1 ' 
Kitaib. J 
KMxtck. 

KnoioL et Wett- 
eott. 

Koek. i\ - 

Koekl. 



Kraute, 
Krautt, 

Kuntk. 



} 



Kesmftfer. 

Japan. 
Baron Karudntki and Zueea. 

rinL Zealous promotcn 

of botany in Ocrmany. 
Kalm. Professor of botany 

at Abo^ in Swadcn. 
Ker. A deicriber of plants 

in " Bot. Reg." 
J. S. Kemer, Author of 

'« Firares (ct Deicriptions) 

dei Plantei feonomlques." 

1786— 179i. 
Kitaibei. A HungaiiaB bo. 

tantst. 
Kiotutdk. A Ocnnaii wiiter 

on F&ngi. 
) Knoudet (G. R) and Wetteot t 
J (F.). Condueton of the 

" Floral Cabinef 
Koek. A profieasor at Er. 

langen. 
Koeler. A writer on Oerman 

and Freoch grasscs. 
Kraute. A Dutch botanist, 

and author of " Boomcn cn 



»• 



Kmm». A Pruiihui botanlit 



FOR GENERIC AND 8PECIFIC NAMES, ETC. clxxXVli 






j 



Lamb. l 
LamUri. 3 

Lapey.l 



\ 
] 



Lat. 
Latr. 



i 



Letnek. 

Leck. 

Led. 

Led€k 

Lee. 

Lehm. 
L^feune. 



.] 



L.m. 

ViUr. l 
VHtrU.i 
UgkyM, 

Lim. 



Liadi. 



Uak. 

Lk. 

UaitetOiio.\ 

Lketim. J 

Ub. 

Lobel. 

VObel 

Lodd. 1 

Ladd^.S 

Loit. 

Lolt. Detlcag' 



i 



] 



Loudom. 



L.pat. 



,. Tbe celebnded 

relbnBerof nfttural hittorr. 
LabiUardiire. A French 

bounitt. 
Laaausa. A Spenkih bota. 

nift and prorewor. 
Lamarck. A French boU- 

niet. _ 

A. B. LambeH, F.R.S, Pre- 

•identQfthe Llnneen So- 

La Peifnmte. A French 

writec upon the pUnU of 

thePyitneea. 
LatreiUe. A Ftench entomo- 

logist. ^ 

Lawrouce (Mte). An £b. 

glUb flower-palnter. 
Laaammm. A German wciter 

on fiiberian planU 
W. S. Uack. An EngUah 

entomolociat and autbor. 
Leckenaalt. A Fiench bota. 

niit 
Udebomr. A boUnitt, and 

trsveOer In Siberia. 
Lee. A nunerymaa at 

Hammcnmith. 
Lekmamm. A German bota. 

niat and praliMMr at Ham* 

bttii. 
UJemmo. A French botanlat. 
Lasiag. A writer on Com- 

p6ait«, and rcaident at 

Berlin. 
Uwi$. An Aaerican ^tm- 

▼eller. 
Ummmmt tke mommger. 
C L. VBiHtier. AF^rcDcb 

botaniat and author. 
Ugk^oot. A writer upon 

Oie Soottiih flora. 
Umamue. The edciwated 

relbnner of natural hi>- 

J}r.LimdlemjF.Jt.8.tke. Pro- 

feasor of boUnj In UniTer. 

•itrCoHege. London. 
ZM. AcelebtatedPrttiiian 

bouniet. 
Umk amd Otto. TwoPruMlan 

botaniaU. 

UM. An oU writer upon 
planU. 

Meeer*. Loddiget. Cdebvated 
English nunerymen and 
botaniata, Hackney. 

iLoiseleur Detbmgckampt. A 
C FTench boUnlit. 

J. C. Loadom, F.VS.t kc. 
Author of thia work, and 
of varioui works on gaiden- 
ing, agrlculture, ftc. 

Lomrekro. A Portugueie tra- 
▼eller in Cochln-Chine. 

Lkuuemi tke elder. 

Lmtomt. Author of **EnTi- 
roni of London/* ftc. 



MaL 
Malp. 



] 



MaegOhraif. Abotanirt,and 

edltor of a imall edition 

of •* Witherlng'1 BoUny,'* 

&c. 

Mackie. A nuneryman at 

Norwidi. 
J. Maktt A.L.S. Abotanical 

and garoening author. 
MalpitM- A pbyaiological 
botaniat 



Maicoim. 

Martk. 7 
MartkaU. J 
Martkam. 

Mattert. 

Matk. 

Maget. 

MedOh 
MemsBtet. 

Meriemt. 
Mejfer» 



Mkkx.JUt. ) 
Mtekx.Jma, S 

Mm. 

Mkrb. 
M. J. B. 



MNab. 

Moe. 

Moc. et Sette. 

Mamck. 

Mol. 

Mor. 

Momg. et Nett. 

Momt. 

Mr. G. Umdie^. 



MUki. 
MUklemb 
MUktenberg, 
Mtmck. 



erg. 3 



Malcolm. Late naraeryinaa 

at Keniington 
MartkaU. A writer on 

American trces. 
Martkam. An Engliih ento* 
mologiit. 

W. Mtutert ot the Canter- 
bury Nursery. 
Matktoha. An Italian phy. 
sicUn. 

Mamn. A writer in the 
" Weit of EDgland Journal 
of Science." &c. 
Medicmt. A German botaniat 

of the last century. 
Menziet. A Scotch botanlat, 
and traveller ronnd the 
world with Vanoouf er. 
Mertemt. A FTench bota- 

nist. 
Meyer. A Oerman botaniit. 
Mkkaax. A French boUnist, 
and traveller in N. Amer., 
and author of ** Flora Bore- 
alis Americane.** 
Mickaux tke fomnger. Alaoa 
boUnist and traveller in 
N. America. author of 
** Hlstoire dea Arbies de 
I'Am€rique'* 
MUler. An Engliah gar- 

dener and botaniit. 
Mirbel. A French phyalolo- 

rlcal botanist. 
e Bev. M. J. Berkd^, 

F.L.S.. ife. An eminent 

English cryptogamist. 
M*Nab. Superlntendent of 

the Edinburgh Botanie 

Garden. 
Modno. A Mexican bota- 

nist. 
Mocino and Sette. TwoMex. 

ican botanisU. 
Mienck. ;A Oerman boU'. 

nist. 
MoUaa. An lullan writer 

upon the natural history 

ofChUl. 
Morison. An old writer on 

planU. 
Mougeotf a Oerman crypto. 

gamist; and Nettler,a bo. 

tanlst of Strasburg. 

J. Monti. An Italian bo- 

Unist 
Mr. George Lindleu, late nur- 

•eryman, Norwich. 

MUklenberg. A North Ame- 
rican botanist 



MunL 1 

fi 



Munting. 
Murr. 

Mutit. 

Mm. 



Neck. 

Necker, 

Nee. 



Neet. 
Neet 

beck. 
NeUl. 



NetU. 



] 



_gic 
The 



BaronOlto 

A German botanist 
J. Munting. A German bo- 

Unist 
Murray. A German bota- 

nist. 
MuUt. A Soapbh boUniit, 

resident in New Orenada. 
Mfckaux. See Mlekx. 



N. 



Necker. A Oerman writer 
upon botanical ailUn. <? j 

LouitNee. A Spaniih botk:; 
niat 

-.^ iNeet von Btenbeek. A Ger- 
-**"" 1 man botantit. 

. Dr. NeUI of Canon Mills. 
A sealoui botanist, and 
promoUr of horticulture. 

• NetUer. A botaniit of Stias- 
burg. 

y « 



clxxxviii 



LIST OF AUTHORITIES 



Niu. 1 
Nitsole. S 
Nois. l 
Koitate. 3 
NoronJka. 



NiUt. 1 - 
NuUalL S 



Old. 
OUaJter. 

OUb. \ . 
Oiiwer. i 
Opix. 
Or. > 

Ort. 5 
OUo. 

Otto et Ha§fne. 



FalL 'i . 

Parm, 

Farthuom. 

Fem^f. 

Perrottet. 

Pert. 

Peiek. 

Petit Thouar». 

Ph. 

PkUapt. 

Pling. 

PUtmier. 

PoU. 
Pokr. 

Poit. et Tarp, 

PoU. 

Potti. 
Poarr, 

■ 

PreU. 
Puer. 

Pttrsk. 



B.etP. 



Rqf. 
Bqfln. 
JUffiae$9ue. 
Band. 



J 



Niisole. A French botanist 

Noieette. A FKnch nune- 

ryinui. 
Noromka. A Spuiuh boU- 

jiUt who Tifited Madagai* 

car. 
NutiaU. A North American 

hoCanist. 

O. 

Older. A Danlih botenist. 
Oldaker. Fonnerlj gardener 

to Sir Joieph Banks. 
OUmer. A French boCaniat, 

and traveller in Persia. 
€pix. A German Iwtanist. 

Ortiga. A Spanish botanist 

Vito. Dfrector of the Royal 
Botanic Oarden, Berlin. 

Otlo and Hayne. Two Gennan 
botanists. 

P. 

PaUas. A Rmsian trareller 

and naturaliit 
Parmentier. A French aur. 

seryman. 
Parkinson. An old botanical 

author. 
Georme Penngf. A botanist 

and nurseryman. 
Perrottet. A French bota> 

nlst 
Pertoon. A French botanist 

and botanical author. 
Peschier. Author of " Disp. 

inaug. de Irritabilitate Am- 

malium et Vegetabilium." 

1697. 
Aubert du Petit Tkoutu^. A 

French botanist and bota.- 

nical author. 
Pursk. A Pnissian botanist, 

and trareller in North 

America. 
PkUlips. Author of *« Sylva 

Florifeia/' &c 
Ptiny. An ancient natural- 

ist and classic author. 
Plumier. A French botanist, 

aiid traveller in the West 

Indies. 
PokL A German botanist. 
Poireu A French botanical 

writer. 
Poiteau and Turpin. French 

botanical draughtsmen. 
PolUck. A German writer 

on the planU of the Palati. 

nate. 
J. Potts. A oollector of 

plants in China. 
Pourret. A French bota. 

nist 
PresL A Bohemian botanist 
PuerarL Aprofessorat Co- 

penhagen. 
Pursk. A Prussian botanist, 

and traveller in North 

America. 

R. 

Buix and Pawm. Spanish bo- 
tanists, and travellers in 
Peru and Chile. 



Bt^inesque Sckmalx. 
tanical author. 



A bo- 



Band. Author of " In- 
dex PUntarumofflcinalium 
Horti ChelseMii," fta 1790. 



Batxeburg. - 

Bay. 

Beb. l . 

B.Br. l 

B. Braum. S 

Bed. 1 

Bedouti. 5 
Beiek. 

BenauU. 

Beneaulm, 

Betz. • 

Beyn. 

Bkk. 

Bickards. l 
Bickardson. S 



Bisso. 

BobertT. Pince. 

Bobs. 

Bockel. 

Bom.etSckuU. > 
Bam.etSckuU.S 

BoU. 

Bonalds. 

Botsmdssler. 

Bott. 

BoxasdiSan 

Clemente. 
Boxb. 



} 



Boifle. 



Budge. 

BudolpkL 

Buiz et Pav. 
Buixet Pavon. 

Bumpk. . 

Buss. 



Sab. l 
Sabtne. y 



SaL l 

SaUsb.S 
Sabsn. 



Samouelie. 

Santi. 
SavL 



Bafxeburg. An entomo- 

logUt 
Jokn Bay. A celebrated bo. 

tanUt and natundist 
J F. BebeuUsck, A German 

botanist 
Dr. Bobert Broum^.B.S., 4«. 

A distinguisbed Engluh 

bolanist and traveller in 

New HoUand. 
Bedouti. A Ftenefa bota. 
nical draughtsman. 
BeicketAack. A German bo- 

tanist 
BenauU. A French botaBical 

writer. 
P. Beneaulifu. Author of 

**Specimen HUtorie Plan. 

tjmim.'* 1611. 
Betxius. A German bota. 

nist 
Beynier. A botanist of Laa. 

sanne 
Bickard. A Freoch bolanUt. 
Dr. Bickardson. A txaveUer 

in the northem parts of 

British America, and au> 

thor of the Appendix on 

Natural HUtory to Ftank- 

lin's •• TraveU." 
Bisso. An Italian writer 

upon oranges. 
Bobert T. Pkuse of tbe Es- 

eter Nursery. 
Bobson. An Englirfi bota- 

nUt 
Bo^eL Superint»ident of 

the garden at Pesth. 
Boemerf a German bota. 

nist; and SckultXt aBava* 

rian botanist. 
BoUinson. A nurseiTman 

near London. 
Bonalds. A nurseryman at 

Brentford. 
iZoMmossfer. A Oennan en- 

tmnologUt 
Bottler. A Oerman mission. 

ary. 

A ^>anUh botanUt 

Botburgk. An Indian bota- 

nist 
Dr.Boyle,F.B.8.,Ae., Frof. 

of Hat Med. fai King*s Col. 

lege. Atttborof ** Illastra. 

tions of tbe Naturai Hia. 

torj and Botany of the 

Himalayas,** ftc 
Budge. An English writer 

upon botanical suh}ects. 
Budolpki. A Oerman cryp. 

togamic botanist 
IBuix and Pavon. SpanUh 
J botanisu, and travellers In 

Peru and Chile. 
Rumpkhu. Authorof**Her. 

barium Ambolnensis.*' 
BusseU. A botanist of 

Aleppa 



S. 

J. Sabine, F.B.S., 4«. A great 

encourager of naturaThls. 

tory, botany, and garden- 

ing. 
Salishury. An emincnt Eng. 

lish botanUt 
Sabsmann. Author of ** Enu. 

meraiio Plantarum rario- 

rum, quas collegit" 1818. 
SamoueUe. A BritUh ento- 

moIogUt and author. 
Santi. An Italian boUnist 
Savi. An Italian boUnUt 



FOR GENERIC AND SPECIFIC NAMES)' ETC* clxxxix 



SMeie etBeppe, 
SdU. 
SeUeckt. 
SeUecki. ei Ckam, 

SdkmUt. 
Se kH eevoog^. 

Sekober. 
Sekanberg. 

SekotL 
Sektmeb. 

Sekomo. 



Sck^ffer. A Gerxnan wrjter 

iQKm F6ngL 
Semede ami Deppe. Wrtten 

on tbe botany of Mezico. 
Sekleicker. A Swin pbuat 

collector. 
SckiechiemiakL A eelebrated 

Cterman botanift 
SckUcktendakl and Ckami$$o. 

Two Oerman botanUti. 



Sekrad. ) 

Sekrader.y 
Sckrank. 

Sekreb. 

SekakerL 
SekuU. 7 
Seknltet.S 
Sekt 



Scku/eim. 

Seop. 
Seemler. 

Seeondat. 

Ser, l 

Seringe.S 
Shrra. 

Sibtk. 



Sielf. 
Sieb. 



Siewen. 
Smitk. 



SmitkitfAur. 
Soi. > - 
Soland.S 



oomm. 
Soulante-Bodin. 

Sow, 

^tenter. 
Steele. 

Stepk. 7 - 
Stepken». S 
Stev. i 
Steoen. J ' 
Steo. et Fitek, 

Stokea. 
Strab. 
Strau», >^ - 



A Swin plant> 
Oerman botani- 



A Bavarian. lx>- 

A Oerman bo- 

A Polith boUniat 
A BaTarian bo> 



A Daniah bo- 
An American 



Sekieicker. 

oollector. 
Sckmidt. A 

cal autbor. 
Sckneevoogt. Author of 

*' Iconea Plantarum rario- 

rum." Haarlem, 1793. 
Sckolter. A Ruuian phyucian. 
Sekonberg. A Oerman bota- 

nift 
Sekott. A traTeller in BrasiL 
Sckoutboe. A writer upon the 

Flora of Morocca 
Sekouw. A celebrated Danish 

botaniat, and profeHor at 

Copenhagen. 
Sekrader. A Oerman bo- 

tanist 
Sckrank. 

taniat 
Sekreber. 

tanist 
SckMbert 
SckuUea. 

Unist 
Sckmnaeker. 

taniit 
Sekweinit*. 

botaniat 
Seopoli. An Italian botenist 
D. Sooaler. Profenor at 

Dublin. 
Second at . A French natu- 

ralift 

Seringe. A SwIm botanist 

Sivres. A F^ench writer on 

agriculture. 
Sibtkorp. An Englich bota- 

nist, and proftesor of botany 

at Oxlbra, traveUer in 

Greeoe, and author of 

**FloraGraca." 
Sieber. A botanical coUector. 
SieboldiDr.von). ABararian 
^ botaniat, wbo hat imported 

many valuable planti from 

Japaa 
Sievers. A Geiman botanitt. 
Sime. An English garden 

botanist 
Sir J. B, Smitk. Founder of 

the Lln. Soc., and author 

of seTeral botanical works. 
Smitk. NuxMrymanof Ayr. 
Sotander. A Swedish bo- 

taniat, and companion of 

Sir Joseph Banks in Cook*s 

▼oyage round the world. 
Sommerfelt, AGermanwriter 

oi^rapgi. 
Souiange-JSodin. A French 

boUnut and horticulturist. 
Sowerbu. An English boU- 

nScaldraughtsman. 
Speneer. The oelebr^ted poet. 
Sieele. A writer in tbe 

** Gaidener's Macasine.** 
Stepkent. A Britisn entomo- 

logist 

Steven. A Rusiian boUnist 

Steven and Fitcker. Russian 

botanisU 
Stoket. An Eoglish jrfiTStcian. 
Strabo. The geographer. 
Strautt» A German botanist. 



Swt. 

Sw». 7 
SvHtrtst. S 



Sweet. An English botanist 
Swartx. A Swedish botanist, 

and trayeUer in the West 

Indies. 



Tabem. 

Tate, 

TautcK 
Tae, 

Ten. 1 

Tenore.S 

Jkeopk. 

Tkib. 

Tk^p. 7 
Tkon^^ton. y 



Tkore, 
Tkory. 
Tkouin. 
TkuiL 7 
Tkuimer. S ' 
Tkun. 7 - 
Tkunb. S 
Tigke, 
Thteo. 

T. Neet ab E. 

Tode. 

Tbrreif. 

Toum. 

Trag. 
Trat. 
Tumer. 
7V»y. 



Vakl. 
VaU, 

Veni. 

Fett 

rm. 7 

yiUart, J 
rumorin. 

rirg. 

rum. 
riv. 



w. - 

Waklenb. 
WaUx 



i\ 



T. 



A Oer- 



Wal. 
Waldtt. 
Waldtt. et Kit. 



Tabermtmontanm. 

man boUnist 
Tate. NurMryman, Sloane 

Street, Chelsea. 
Tautck. A Gennan boCanist 
Tavemier. A traTeller in 

theEast 
Tenore. A Neapolitaa bo- 

tanist 
Tkeopkratiut. 
Tkibaud De Ckanvalon. A 

French boUnist. 
Bobert J%ompton, Superin- 

tendentoftne fhiitdepart- 

ment in the Chiswick 0«. 

den. 
Tkore. A French boCanist 
Tkorv. A F^ch boUnUt 
T%oum. A Ftaach boUnist. 

TkuiUier. A French botanist 

Tkunberg. A Swedlsh boU- 

nieal traTeUer. 
Tigke. An EngUsh poet. 
lineo. A proliesBor at Pa- 

lermo. 
T. Neet ab Btenbeck. A 

German botanist 
Tode. A Oerman writer oa 

F6ngi. 
Torreu. An American bo- 

tanlst 
Toumrfort. An old FreDdk 

boUnist, and traTeller in 

Greeoe and AsU Minor. 
Tragtu or BocA. A Oaman 

boUnlst 
TrattkiUt. A botanist of 

Vienna. 
Dr. Tumer. A British bo. 

tanist and author. 
J^rp. A Frencb botanist and 

dnughUman. 



• V. 

rakl A botanical author. 
raillant. A French botanist 

and traTeller. 
rentenat. A lYench bo- 

tanist 
rett. A Styrian botanist 

ruiart. A French botanist 

rUmorin. A nurseryman and 

botanUt at Paris. 
rirgU. 
ritmann. A .German bo- 

Unist. 
riviani, An Italian boUnist 



W. 

WUIdenow. A Oerman bo- 

Unist, and editor of an edi- 

tion of I.inn8etts's **Species 

Flanurum,** &c. 
Waklenberg. A Swedish bo- 

tanist 
Wait». A Oerman ooUector 

of roses. 
Watdttein. A noble Oennan 

patron of boUny. 
WaidtteinandKUaibeL Au. 

thors of the ** Flora of Hun. 



exc 



LI8T OF BOOK6 REFERRED TO. 



WaHNfr, 
WaK. 

WaOr. 
WaU. 
W.etN. 
Wamg. 



Wat$. 



W.B. 



} 



Weike. 
Waikatilfati. 



Dr.Walker. A Scoteh wtiter 

oo ptontt. 
WaOM. SuperiDtcDdMit of 

tlie boCanical garden at CaL 

cutta. 
WaUroik. A Oennaa bo- 

tanlat 
Watter. A writer on tbe 

■* Flon of CaroUna.*' 
WeikeamdSees. Geimanwri- 

tanmkRtiJtA. 

enkeim. AOennanbo- 



JWawm 
taSst 



WemtU. 



Waimm. An En^bh writer 

upon treea and •brubi. 
W.Borrer,F.L.8. Aoelebrated 

BngUab botanlat. and writer 

npon EngUsh pianti, nore 

euedaUy wUlowi. 
We&e. A Gennan writer on 

Jtnbl. 
Weike mtd Neet. Two Ger- 

man writen on RiM. 
J. W. F. Wenderoik. A Oer. 

man botanitt^ 
Wemdlamd. A Germaa gar- 

denboCanift 



Weelw. 



W. Hendermm. 
WkUkf. 

Wickt. 

wmd. 



WWk, 

Wood. 7 
Woodt. S 
Wormtk. 

Wm(r. 



Eeyk. 
Zaee, 



J. 0. Wettmood^ P.L.8. An 

<ftninent EngUih entomo- 

logitt, and aeeretary to thn 

Lond. Ent. Soc 
W. Hendermm. Crum CaaUe. 
WkMep. A nuraeryman at 

Fulham. 
Wiekgitom. A German bo- 

tanist. 
See W. 
Wifick. Abotaniit.andwriter 

on the flora or Northum- 

berland and Durham. 
WUkering An fiigUsh bo- 

tanist. 
Woodt. An EngUth writer 

on rosea. 
Wormtkiold. A DanSah ,b^ 

tanist 
Wn^em. A Gennan botanist 



JEewAer. A German gar. 

dener. 
ZaeeagnL Superintendent of 

the Botanic Gerden at 

Florence. 



i^^^^^^S 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO, 

THE TITLE8 OF WHICH ARE ABRIDGED IN THE TEXT. 



Tfae mamber fbllowlqg each oontracted title refert to the page bi wbicfa the book Ij flrsteitcd. 



A. 

AMdtmg der demUoken Hohariem^ tfc. 190. F. Onimpel, C. L Wflldenoiw, and F. G. Hayne, 

Abbildung der deutschen Holiarten, ftc. Berlin, 1890. ito, pl. fil6. 
Jkbikbmg derjtemden im Deniteklamd aMtdmmemden Holxarten^ 4«. 19a F. Guimpel, AbbDdun- 

gen der fremden in Deutschland ausdauemden Holxarten, mit Angabe der Cultur Ton F. Otto^ 

und Beachreibung ^n F. O. Hajne. Beriin. ' 1819—1886. Mo. 
Ahb. Jnti. 1877. See AbboU and Smitk*t Nainral Hitloru qT Georgia. 
Abk. amd SmUk, Int. qf Qeorgia. 1659L See AtboU atai Smitk*t Natmral Bittorm qf Georgia. 
AbboU and Smkkrt Jnteett qfCreorgia. 1418. See Abboti amd Smitk*t Natmral Hittorp qf Georgia. 
Abboti amd SmitkH Natmrat mttorjf pf Georpa. 1658. Abbott and 8mith*s NatunUlUstory of the 

Lepldepteraus Insects of Georgia. Lon£>n, 1797. 8 ▼ola. fol. 
JHbeCt Ckin. 39L Personal Obsenrations made during the Progreas of the British Embaasy to 

China, and on Its Voyage to and fkom that Country in the years 1816 and 1817. Br Cl»k AbeL 

Lnnd. 1818. 4ta 
Aikand. Konig. Akad. Wittent. BerUn. SS93. Abhaodlungen der PhysUtaUschen Kasae der Kfinig. 

Ucb.Freu8slschen Akademieder Wissenschaften ausden Jahren raflOundlSSl. BerUn, 188S.4Ca 
Aceommtqf tke Larek Plamtatiomt om tke Ettatet qf Atkoi amd DmnkeU. 235& A Paper published in 

the Transactioms oT the Hlghland Societv of Scotland, toI. xl p. 169. 
Ackar. Aead. Handl. T91. Acharius in KSnigl Vetensk^>s.AcademiensHandlinger. 1741, and con- 

tinued. 8¥0. 
Aek. Eiek. Monogr. 1831. Rlchard (A.),MonogniphledelaFamUledesBliagntea. P»ria.l83S. 4lo. 
Ack. Sgn. 1976. Erik Acharius, Synopsis Methodica Lichenum, sistens omnes hujus Qrdlnis na. 

turalis detectas Plantas, quas, secundum Genera, Spetdes, et Varietates» diqpoauit, fte. Lnnds, 

1814. 8vo. 
A CoOeeUon qf Botet Jhmt Natmre. 746L A CoUection, Ac, bj MIjs Laiwranoe. Lond. 17991 

M. p). 90. 
Aet. Haarlem. 197& Verhand^ngen uitgegeeven doorde HoUandae Maatsohaiipy der WeeCensobap- 

penteHaariem. Haarlem^ 1754^ and oontinued. 8ra 
Aei. Nat. Sermi. Berl. 471. Beadiaftigungen der BerUplsdier OeseUsehnft NaturfbncfaenderFreunde. 

Beriin, 1775, and oontinued. Sra 
Aei. Petrop, 1891. Commentaril Academi» Srlmitlannn Iraperialls Petropoutanse. FetropoU, 

1788—1751. 14 Tols. 4ta 
AcL Soc. Batae. 8055. Verbandelingen Tsn het Bataaftch Genootschapp der Proefbnderrinddyke 

w y sbegeeite te Rotterdam. Rotterdam, 1774^ and oontinued. 4ta 
Aet. Saec. WVL Aeta literaria Suecic. Ups^. 1790, ftc. 4ta 

Adant. Pam. 898. FamUles des Plantes, fte. By Michael Adansoo. Paris, 1769L 8 toIs. 8va 
A Detcrlptkm qf tke Genmt Ptnmt. 8104. A Description, &a Bj Ajfaner Bourke Lambert, F.IL&, 

Pres. of the Un. Soc., fta Lond. 1803L foUa A seoond ▼olume in 1889, fbiio ; and a new edl- 

tion in 18S8, in tTola. 8to: athUd ro\. in 1836, in foUa 



L18T OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CXCl 

9aS. Vltga'i JEneld. Drjden's TraiMlAtion. Carey*i «d. Loiid.l80& StoIil &¥& 
4fieeUingen der Praaiete, MeeUwttheenuche Soome» en Heeeters, Ae. 189. By J. C Kraiiie. 

AnutenUa, 1802. Royel 4to, pL isa ^ / ^ 

jMl Aot. Suee, Tent. 769. Afteiiui ( Ad.), De Roib Suecanlf Tentamina. Upaal» 180i»1807. 4to 
Agric. qf Hom 179& A Oenenl view of the Agrlciiltura of Hampehin^ fncludlnf tlie laie of 

Wli^t. Bf Cbarlei VanooQVer. London. 1813b 8^0* 
AgHeulL Mammal. 8157. Tbe Aplculturltt*i Manual ; b«lng a flnnillar DeacripCion oT the Agricul. 

tural Flants cultiTated in Europe, indudinf Practieal Obaenrationa, ftc B j P. Lawaon and aciL 

EcHnbi 1896. 8m 
Agria$L qf Ctffdeedale. 93L J. Naiamith*i Agricultural Surrey of the Countj of aydeadale. Lood. 

1806L 8vo. ' 

AgHeuUmral BeparL S387. See Napier'* Cotomies. 
Agrkmliural B^toH/ortke Commlg qf Jhtrlum. 1404. Bailey*! Oenenl Vlew of the AgtfcuHora oT 

Durham, ftc. Lond. 1811. 8vo. 
Ait, Bart. Kew. 189SL W. Alton*i Hortuf Kewensia. A Catalogne of Flanta CuMvated in tfae 

RoyalGaffdensatKew. Lond. 1810. fivoU 8m 
AH. Acad. Amm. 9SJ. Albinua (B.), Academicarum Annotatiooum Ltbri 8. Leyden» 1764^178& 4Co. 
A Leiter am tke Acaeia, 616i By Dr. Pulteney, pnbiiahed in the Qentleman^ Magaaine Air 180K 

p. 1096L 
Alea. Traw. 9467. Traveb firom India to England. By J. E Alexander. Lond. 18li7. 4to. 
Aitgemt. OartemxeiL 1211. AUgemelfle Oartenaeitung. By .F. Otto and Dr. DloCricft. Beilia 

Begun in 1898, and oontinued. 
AIL Ped. 83SL AUionl (C). Flora PedemooUna, aive Ennmentftomethodiea Stiipiiui indtMHrum 

FedemoQtii. Aug. Taur. 1785. 3 Tola. foL pL 9S. ^^ 

Att*» WeU tkai EmdsWelL 48a One of Shakapeare*a playa. 
Aip. Rg. 506. Proaper Alpinus, De Plantis ^ypti Uber. Venetlla, 1598. 4ta 
A^ JSioL 49a Al|rinus (P.J, De Plantls Exoticis Libri 8. Edidit ( A.) Alplnaa. Venetila. 169k 4CaL 
Aipim. BMOt. 1818. Id. De Plantia BxoticU, Ubri doo. Venetib,:i689. 4tA -^ ^ 

Am. Aead. 1706L AmoeniUtes Academicie seu DisserUtlones varia Physicae, ftc. By Llniuius and 

hla PuplU ErUngen, 179a 10 toIs. 
Amseemitates Eeoiiae. 8106. See J&nNy/^f, 4«. 

.'iMons. Qmer. 1741. See Amuemltates Qmmem. • 

Ameemitatee Quermem. 1789. By tfae Ute Professor Bnmet, publisbed in Nos. 6. and 6. of BoiMia^ 

Eldodendron. 1838. follo. ' 

eiieam Oardemer^s Magamime. tS57. The Ameriean Gardener'» Magaalne «id B««later of aU 

useftil Discoveries and ImproremenU In Horriculture and Rural AaUrsL Oonductcd by C. M. 

HoTey and P. & Hoyey, Jun. Bostoa Begun 1836. and continued in monthly Noa. 8va 
Amsertcam Mmsemm. 888. Tne Aroerican Museom, a Repoaitory of Fugltive Fimea in Vene and 

ProscL Philadelphla. 1790-1798. Bro. 
Auserieam OnUtkologf. 86. By Alexander Wilson. Lood. 1898. 3 toU 8to. 
Amer. Lme. N. H. tfNete York. tOi. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural Hiitory of Kew Tork. 

NewYork, 18SL and contlnued. 8va 
Americam Syloa. 189. An English translation of Michsux*f Hiatoire dea Artjret Foreitien de 

rAm^rique Septentrionale. Paris, 1817. 
Amm. Butk. 63L See Ammamm^s Stirp. ButM. 
Amumamm Stirp. Butk. 683L Ammann (Johan.), Sttrplum rariorum in Imperlo Rutheno sponte pro- 

▼enleotium IconesetDcscriptioaes. Petrop. 1739. 4to. 
Amtulet. 1830. An annual publication, edited by a C. HaU. Lond. 1890l ISmo. 
Amates de las C^mc Nat. 1942. See Anales de las demeias NaiuraUs. 
Amales de tas demcias Naturales. 194& Madrid, 1798—1801 7 voU Eh U ImprenU Rcal. 
Am Autumm mear tke Bkime. 8115. Lond. 8va 

.^iMirrsoM MS. 1558. Geo. Andenon, Esq., Tooley Street and Noith Mlmms, Herta. 
Amdr. BoL Bg». 940. Tbe Botanisfi Reposltory fbr New and Ran PUnts. By H. C. Andrewai, 

Lond. 1797, et seo. 10 vols. 4to. 
Amdr. Heatks. 1081. Coloured EngnTings of Heatha, wlth boCanicd descriptiona. Id. Lond. 

1808-1809. 9voUfoL 
Am. BorL Soc Par. 878. See Ammales de la SoeHti dPHorLf ^. 
Amleit. dle Bdume umd SirHucke Oesterreieks^ 8[c 8S01. OemdnUssliche Anldtung dle Biiume und 

Stimuche Oesterretohs aus den Blattem su erkennen. Von Frana H6sc. Vienna, ISSa ISma 
Ammalesde Ckhmie. 1458L Annales de Chimle et de Physique. Par MM. Oay-Lussac et Arago. 

Commenoed in 1816. 8va 
iliSM. ^HorL 9403. See Ammales de la SocUti d^HortkuUmre de PaHs. 
Ammales d^HorL de Paris. 1S8L See Ammales de la Soetiti d^Horticulture de Parit. 
Ammales de la SoeUt^ d^Hortieultmre de Paris. 14SL In monthly Nos. 8va 18S7, and continuedt 

amountlng, in 1837. to 81 vols. 8va 
AmmaUs de Pnmomi. isSa Annales Hortioolei de Froinont Paris. In moothly Na& 8vo. Com- 

menced in 1889. 
Ammales de rimstttut de Promoni. XiKk See Ammales de PramomL 
Amules de la Soc EmiomoL de Pranec 18ia Annales de U SoclM Entomologlque de FranoeL 

Commenced in 1899. 8va 
Ammales du Mua^e. 948& Annales du Musium d*Hlstolre NaturaDa FarU. 8va Begun la 

1808, and continued. 
Ammales du Musium. 136. See Ammales du Musie. 
Amnales du Musfum de Paris. 8104. See Annales du Mmie. 
Ammales Porestiires. 1397. Annales Forestiires ; lUsant suite au Mtmorial ForestSer. Baris^ Begim 

in 1808, and oontinued. 8va 
Amnals qf tke Musemms. 8104. See Ammales dm Musie. 
Amm. dm. Mus. d^Ost. NaL de Parts. 484. See Amnales du Musie. 
Amm. Lpc 661. See Anmals ttftke iMcatm qf Natural HistorycfNew YortL 
Amm. of Bot. 15S1 Annals of Botany. By C. KSnig and J. Sima. Lond. 1806, 180& 8 

vou. 8va 
Amm. Sc Nat. 714 See Anmales des Sctemees, Ac. 

Am Olde Tkrffte newkf reHeed^ Ifc 836. A biack letter tnct, pnblished in 1618. 
Amikoime*s {M. d*} Cgmipologie du Ckime rouge, im tke Nou». Jourm. de Pkgsique. 1883L 8ee Nom, 

Amtiquarp,^!. OneofSir Walter ScotfsNovds. 



CXCU LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

AmHnutie» <iftke Commom People. 511. Boanie's (R) AnUquiUtes Vulgirei, or Antiqailiei oftlie 

Commoa People. Newcaitle, 1195. 8to. ^ . . . 

Jni. qf tke Jeuu. 588. HydrioUphia, ftc., togetber with tbe Oarden of Cyrtu, or QuincuncUL 

LoMOge» or Networlc PlanUtioo, of the AnclenU, artiflcially, naturally, and myttlcally oonddered. 

Bjr Sir Thomas Browne, BID. Load. 1684. Sra ^ 

J Pea$amt*i Foiee to Lttndoumert, omtkebest Means qf bm^ting AgrieuOmral Labomrer», ^ 1888. 

By Mr. John Deneon, len. Cambridge and Lond. 1850. 8va 
JpoUoaius Biodius. 1725. ApoUonii Rhcdii Argonautica. Ist ed. Florent. 14S6— 1408. 4ta 
^apendiM to Captaim PramkUn'» Tour to the Nortk Pole. 8311. By Dr. Blchardioa aad J. SaUne, 

Em. Looo. 1823L 4ta 
JreiueiSofia. S3L ArchcologU ; or, Mtooellaneou» T^acU relating to Antiquity. LondL 1779—1894. 

fiOvols. 4ta 
JrduBoL Jtt^. 17S4. Rous (F.), Archaologise Attica Libri viL Oxon. 16S7. 4ta 
JrcMery BeHued. 9061 See Skoiterel amd Durfey*» Jrekery, SfC, 

Arekteee ammmeUe» de la Normandie. 1774. Caen, 1894. , ^ 

Arck. Mag. 23. The Architectural llagaaine, fta Coaducted by J. C. Loudon, F.L.S., tte. iJm± 

18S4. In monthly Nos. 8vo, continued. 
Ard. Mem. 533. Pietro Aniuini, MemorU di Osservasioai edi Sperienxe sopra U Coltun e gU Usi di 

varie Ptante. Padova, 1776L 4to. 
Amof» Hitl. qf Edim. 95. AmofsHistory ofEdinbuigh. Edin. ITTa 4Ca 
AtmolMn AppetkU* to Rmjf'» Hittoria Inteclorumt. 148a See Ba^. _ , ^ 

Asiat. Researck. 193a AsUtic Researchcs ; or, Transactions of the Sodety instttuted in Benoal, for 

enquiring inlo the History, the Antlquities, the ArU and Sdences, and Literature of Asu. 

Caicutta, 17SB, continuedL 
A».Jomr. 2i1l ^ie Asiatlc Joumal and Monthly RsgisUr for Britiihand Foreign India,China, 

and Austnlia. In monthly Nos. 8vo 
Aato Ar. Sfl* See ilsso Sifn. Arr. 
Atso Sun. Arr. 531 Ignatius De Asio, Synopsis Stiiplum indigenarum Amgoaiis. MarslllSB, 

1779. 4ta 
AjUteniemms. 1771 A wedily pttblicatioo, on literature and Art Lond. 
A Topograpkicai and Historical DescrtpUom qf St0bUt. 1770. 1889. 
A Treatiie on tke Commom Aeada. 611 Boraeaux, 1763. Pamph. 

Ametmarium ad Ploram Pedemontanasm. 973L Carolus Allloni. Taurlni, 1780. 8va 1 fasc. 
Audmbon*s Birds qf Jmerica. 172a The Birds of Amerla, ftc., firom Drawings made during a 

Resldenoe of Twenty.five Yean in the United Sutes and iu Territories^ By J. J. Auduban. 

1888, ftc. Atlas folia 



BoO^ifs Smnep qf Dmrkam. 2890. See Jgricultural Beportfor tke Couniy qf Durkam. 
Balb. CaL Tamr. 690. Balbls (J. B.), CatSogi Horti BoUnici Taurinensis, 1805—1813. 8va 
BanisL Cai. SUrp. Firg. 1861 HeriMrium Virginiaoum; or, an Account of such PlanU as J. 

Banister sent the Desigos of to theBishopo?LondonpubIisbed in James Petiver^s Memmrs 

fbr the Curious. 1767. 
Sanks. Herb. 1149L The Banksian HertMrium, now iu the British Museum. 
iUfdU Icom. Kitn^. 1960. Josepbus Banks, lconcs selectae Plantaruro quas in JaponU collegit et 

delineavit R KsBmpfer. Lond. 1791. FoL 
Barrd. Icon. 388. See Barrelier Planim, %c. 
Barrelier Observaia, 4c. 2402. See Barretier Plania, ^c. 
BarreUar Planta per GaUiamu, ^c. 9102. Plant» per Oalliam Hlspanlam et Italiam obeervatc 

By Jacob Barrelier. Paris, 1711 FoL 
Bart. Pl. nr. 503. Barton (W. P. C), A Floraof North America. PKiladelphia, 1831. 8va 
Bart. Ord. NaL 8509. Bartling (F. T.), Ordhies Naturales Plantarum, eorumque Characteres ct 

Affinitates : a4)ectA Generumque E^umerationa Odtting. 183a 8vo. 
Bartram^s Travels. 977. Travels through South and North Carolina. By William Bartram. Fhi- 

UdelphU, 1791. 1 voL 8va 
Sartram TVav., ed Germ. 99S. WlllUm Bartram^ Riesen dureh Nord- und Sud-Carolina, aos dcm 

Endischen von E A. W. Zimmermann. BeroL 179SL 8vo. 
Ba$t. Bss. 768. Essai sur U Flore du D^partement de Maine et Loire. By T. BasUrd, or Batard. 

Angers, 1809. 12mo. 
Bast. Sunp. 768. See Batard SuppL 
Batard suppl. 768. Suppl^ment k TEuai sur U Flore du Dipaitement de Maine et Loire. Id. 

Angers, 1812. 1 Usc., 12ma 
Bat. PL MakL 767. See BasL Ess. 
BaL FL Main^ et Loire SuppL 772 See Batard Smppl. 
Batk Soe. Pap. 840. See Batk Sodety^s Transactions. 
Batk Soc Papers. 1641. See Batk Sodetifs Transactioms. 
Batk Jgrieuitural Sociei«*s Papers. 1550. See Batk Soeietp*s TramsaeUons. 
Batk Society*s Transaettons. 9381. Letters and Papers of the Bath Agrlcultural Sodety. &c. Bath, 

1792, contlnued. 8va 15 vols. to 183a 
Batsek. ConL 2148. Elenchus Fungorum. By A J. G. C Batsch. Habe. 8 Usc. i, 1788 : ii. 1786: 

ili, 178a 4to. 
BamdriU. TraU4, 4fc. 451. BaudrilUrt, one of the authon oT Tralt§ G6n£ral des Eaux ct For^ts, 

Cbasses, et Ptehes. Paris, 188S. 5 vols. 4to. 
Bauk. {J.) HisL 546. HistorU PUntarum universalis. By J. Bauhin.. EbtodunL 1650, 1651. 

Svob. fdio. 
Bauk. Pim. 297. Pinax Tbeatri Botanlci. By C. Bauhin. BasUes. Ed. 1., 1683: ed. 9., 

1671. 4to. 
Bammt. Cat. 6J5. CaUlogi Horti Bollwylleriani. By the brothers Baumann. 1810—1814. Baumann*s 

Catalogue for 1838 forms an articie In an Appendlx to this Arboretum. 
Saatf Brit. Pl. Pl. 829. British Phsnonmous BoUny ; or, Figures and Descriptions of the Genera of 

BriUsh Flowering PlanU. By W. Baxter, A.L.S., Curator of the Oxfortl Botanic Garden. 

Oxford. In monthly Nos. 8vo. 3 vols. puUished in 1837. 
Seauties qf England^ Doraetskire. 36. See SeauUes qf England amd Wales. 
Seauties <tf England, Kent. 24. See Beamties qf Engiand amd Wales. 
BeauUe» qfEnglamdand Wales, SkropsMre. 1768. The Beauties of EDgUnd and Wales; or, Deline- 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO« CXClllr 

■lionb TbpomBhlml, Htotorical, and Deieriotive, of each Countr. By Jobn BritUn, F.S.A* 

ftc, and E. M. Bnjrlry. Lond. Braun in 1801, and a Tolunie punlished yeariy. $vo. 
SeekM. ForUo. 767. Becbstcio (J. M.), Fonlboianik. «rc. Ootha, \Wil. 8vo. 
JkektteiH et Sehat^ffhtburg ForsL In$. 1818. Bechstein and Scharfenburg, VolktandJlge Naturge. 

scbichte der Schadligen For»t Insecten. Leiptig, 180S. S toU. 4to. 
aeekmuM^i BiH. 464. See Be<Aman'9 HUtorw 4/ Jnoentioiu, 
BeekmtuC» Jlist. qf Iwent. 1914. History of liiventioni of Ditcoveriea. By Jobn Bedunan. 

'rramlated tqr Johnaon. Lond. 1797. 9 volt. 8vo. 
Bedf. Uart. SHe. Wobmm. 1079. See Hort. Brie. hobum. 
Beeek. Fotf. Pt. Bot. 1067. Voyage to the Paciflc «nd Bebring't Straita, to ooopexmte wiAh tbc Polar 

£Kpcdition« in 18^5-.1898. Loiid. 1831. In fi part«. 4to. 
BeUtnap^M Hietorp qf New Hampskire. SS8S. Belknap CJereray), Detcripticii oT tbe White 

MounUint in New Ham|»btfe, in IVansaot. of the Amer. Fbil. So&, toI. U. Pb>lad«l|»bia, 

1788. 4to. 
M. Aap. Fi. Pedem. 789. See BeUarMApp. ad FL Ped. 

BeUardi Aup. ad Pt. Ped. 15&5. AppMMlix ad Floraai Pedemootanam. 1790 and 1791. Sro. 
BeU. Contfer. SS74. I>e Arboribus Coniferis realniferis alUsque sempUenui ftonde Tirentibuf. By 

Plerre Belon, or Bellon. Paris, 156S. 4to. 
BeU. GaU. 17S5. Caasar (Julius), CommenUria de Bello OalUoo. 

BeUam. Obe. SMSS. Bellonti OtMcrvaiicsics in Clusii exoticwrum Llbri x. 1606. Fol. pl. S37. 
JBrrg. Pl. Cap. 1080. Descriptiones Plantarum ex Capiie Boqc Spei. By P. J. Bcrgius. Stock. 

tiolra, 1/67. 8vo. 
Berk. Eng. FL 1976L Volume V. Part II. of Smitb*B Englitb Flora. By thc Bcr. M. J. Berlrclej, 

M.A Lond. 18S& 8va 
Bert. MSS. 978. Berbuidier MSS. 
BerUnitehe Baummtckt. 199 Bcrttnlicbc Baummobt, oder Beecbreibttng dcr in K6oigUcbcn Bo. 

tanischen Oarten bel Berlin im Freien autdauemdeQ BKumc und SUiiucbcB, *c. Von Cari lAid* 

wig WUldcnoir. Beilin. 18|1. 8vo. 
Bert. Pl. 583. See BertoL PL Gen. 
Bertok Pl. Gen. B99. Plantse Oenuentec quas annis 18QS, 1803 obicrTaTit et loocnniit. By A. 

Bcrtoloni. Qenu*^ 1804. 8vo. 
BeriolomPt Fiora ItaUoa. 161 Bcrtoloaii (A.) Floca lUlica. Booooi», 1888—1835. 8ta 
Bal. E^. 1S09. Sec Beel. Hori. £#at 

SeeL Hort. Evu. Vem. Grd.lSi. Hortus ETstettensis. ByBasilius Beslcr. Nureraberg, ISlfiL BtoIc. fd. 
JXrsi. Cat. Hort. Crem. 706. CaUlogus Horti BoUnici Wolhyniensis CncmcuicL 1811—1816. Svo. 
Beuer Sm. Pl. VoUi^ IBgJ. See Bemr Ennm. Pd. Volk., ^c. 
Beuer Ennm. Cont. 581 See Be$ser Enmm. Pt. Pod., ^e. 
Beuer Ennm Pl. Pod., kc. 788. See Besser Enum. PL VoUl 
Bess. Emim. Pl. Volk. 631. Ikiumeratio PUntarum Volhynio», FodoUc, ftc. By W. J. J. PeiMr. 

Viln», 18SS. 8va ' . ' ' ' 

Bess. Gaite. 1596. See Bess. Prim. Fl. GaL 

Bess. Prim. Fl. Gal. 768w Primitiae Florse Oallcise. Id. Vienna, 1800. 8 vols. ISma 
BibUa Panpermn. 13i6. A very curious work, publisbed betwecn l^ And 1450, witb 40 woodeuta, 

illustrated by texu of Scripture. 
B&tiotkeca Geoponica. 187. A posthumous work of the late Mr.' Fotsyth, not yct publlebed. 
BibUotkkqne Pkfsico^conomiqne. 8i08. Biblioibeqttc Pbysico-£ bononuquc, Inctructivc, et Amu- 

sante. 1791 
Bibi. Unio. 8094. See BibUotklque UniverseUede Genkee. 
Bfbl. Uni9. de Geaiee, 8380. See BiblioUkitaue UnioerseUe de Qenkee. 
BibitoUiique UniverseUe de Genkoe. 168. Qeneva, 8va 
Bieb. Casp. 18K9. Beschreibung der liindcrzwtsohen den Fliisscn Tcrek und Kur am CMjtcrhcn 

Meere. By L. B. F. Marschall de Biobentein. FrankAtrt am Mayn, 1800. 8vo. 
Bieb. Cent. PL liar. 1058. Centuria PUntarum rariorum Bossise meridionalii, prw mHm Taurice ct 

Caucasi. Id. Cbarkov. 1810. fol. 
Bieb. Pt. Taur.-Caue. 339. Flora Taurioo-Caucasica, exhibcDs stlrpec pbtiQOgcmas io GhciMOCto* 

Taurica et Regionibus Caucasicis sponte crescentes. Id. Cbarkov. 1808—1819. 8 vola. 8va 
Bkb. Ft. Taur. SmL 40a See Bieb. Supp. 

meb. fy^. 661. Flora Taurico-Caucaaiea. Vol. III., scu Supplcmentum. Id. Cbarkor. 1810. Sva 
Bigelows Account qfUke Plants qfBoston and its Vicinitt. 166a J8V4. 
Biebno^e Amer. Bot. lOlS. Amcrioan Medical Botaoy. By J. Bigdow. BoitoD, 1817—1881' 

8vo. 
Bfgel. FL Bost. 974. Florula Bostoniensis. Id. Boston, 1811 8va 
J^rL Med. Bot. 1017. Sec B(gelow's Amer. Bot. 
B^eloufs Med. Bol. SSB. SeeBigeiow^s Amer. Bot. 
Big. Med. Bot. 558. See BigeUnoi^s Amer. Bot. 
Btrkbeck^s Notest t^- 1867. Morris Blrkbeck*s Notes on a Joumey in Arocrica, ftom tbe Coast of 

Virginia to the Territory of niinois. London, 181». 8va 
Bio. St. Sie. Mant. 588. Stirpium rariorum in Sicilia proTenicntium Maaipi Panorro. 1810—18^ 

4 vols. 8to. 
Blaek. Herb. 314. A cnrious Heibal ; oonUining 600 CuU of thc UscAil Flantt. By Eliffibeftb 

BUckwell. London, 1737. 8 Tola. foL 
Muek. Icon. 506. Sce Btack. Herb. 
Siomfieid^t Noifotk. 33. Essay towards a Topograpbical Hictory of tbc County of Norlolk. by tbo 

Ker. F. Bknnfield. 1799—1810. 11 vols. 8vo 
Bl^ff: et Fing. Fl. Germ. \btfi. Bluffet Fingcrbutb'8 Florce Oermani». Norimb. 188& Iftno. 
Blum. Bijdr. 869. See Bbrnie BUdr. Fl. Jnd. 
Blum. Bijdr. Ft. Ind. S96. Bijdragcn tot de Fkica van ncdcrlandscbc Indie. By C. L. Blumc. 

Bauvia, 18S5, 1886. 
Blume Ft. Jav. 1936. Floni Javtt et Imulanim adicccBtium. By C. L. Blume aad J. & FUsber. 

Bruxellis, lftc& Fol. 
BobarVs Hiat. Pl. Oaon. 53. Catalogus Horti Botanld Oxonicnsis, ftc. By D. Bobart ond W« 

Brounc, A.M. Osonii, 1656. 16rao. 
Boee. Must. 64£L Musco di Plantc rare delU Slcilia, Malta, Corslca, Italia, Plemonte, e Ocrmanis. 

By Paolo Booconc. Venetia, 1697. 4ta 
Boec. Sie. 316L Iconcs et DeseripUoncc nrionim PUntanim SloUiiB, McUt«, OaOi», ct Italiie 14. 
Lond. 1071 4to. 



CXCIV LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED T0« 

Soerh. Ind. AIL fl7. Index alter FanUram qua in Horto Acad. Lugduno-BftUTO aluntar. By H. 

Boerhaave Lugd.Bat. 1720. 2 vols. 4to. 
Boerh. Lugd. 469. Indcx Plantarum qua» in Horto Acid. Lugduno^BaUvo reperiuntur. Id. Lugd. 

Bat. 17ia 4to. 
IMtwgUer Catalogme. 742. See Baum. Cat. 
Boli. Fnn. 1833. An History of Funguaea groving about Hallfax. By Jamet Boltoo. Httddenfldd, 

1788, 1789. 3 pU. Appeod. 1791. 4to. 
Sani{fims'i Mtfmoire aur vne B^dueation de Vert d 5o/«, dte. 135B, Faris. 
BonoeU <m Mniberriee. 1S5S. Bonoeil (John), A Treatiae on tbe Art of making SUk : together witb 

Inttructiooi how to plant Vtnet. London, 1609. 4to. 
JKo» Jard. 243. Le Bon Jardiner, oontenant lei Principea g6n§rauz de Culture, ftc. Parfa, ISmo. 

A Tolume yearly. 
Bon$iiiuhaM9en Fl. Monatter. 1551. Bonninghauaen (C. M. F.}, Prodramua Flors Moaaiterieniis. 

We»tphalonim. MonaiL 1824. 8vo. 
Bunfi. Malmaison. 869. See Bonjd. Pt. Rar. 
BonpL Pi, Rar. 251. Dcacription det Plantea raiei cultlvto k Malmaiaon eti Navarre. By A. 

Bonpland. Paria, 1813—1816. Fol. 
Bam Sem. 19*16. A French periodical. 
Book qf Trade». 1336. FYankfort, 1(»54. 
Bork. Holx. 754. Betchreilning der in den HeawnoDarmitiidUichen Landen im Frrien wachiendeo 

Hoisarteo. Bj M. B. Borfchauien. Francf. Main, 1790. 8vo. 
Boee Act. Soe. Hiet. Nat. Par. 955. Actei de la Sod^ d'Hiitoire Naturdle de Parto. FarU, 

179S. Fol. 
Jfeic Dict. d^Agrie. ISli. Nouveau Coun eomplet d*Agrculture thterique et pratique. New 

edttion. Parti, 1821—1823. 16 voli. 8vo. 
JBmc Mim. sur iet Chinet. 1847. M6moirei lur lei dmrentes eipicei de Cbtaei qui croiiienc en 

France. By L. Boic. Parii, 1808. 4to. 
Botanienm Montpeiiente. 2G0. ISotaoicon Monnidienie. By P. Magnol. Monipelti, 1686. 12ma 
Botanitt. 1172. The Botaniit. Conducted by B. Maund, Eiq., F.L.a, aniited by Frofeiior Hen- 

ilow. In monthly Noi. 8va 
Botanitte CMitbfatenr ; or Detcriptkm, Oitture, and Ute of the greatett Part qf the Plantt, Foreign 
and Jndigenout, urhieh are cuitivated in Fttrnce and Englana, acoordingto the Mtrthod nf Juuieu^ 
143. By Dumont De Counet. Parii, 1802. 5 voli. 8vo. ; ed. 8. Parii, 1811, 6 voli. 8vo. 
Supplement on vol. vii. 1814. 
Botanologia Univertalit Hibemiea. 107. By J. K^och, A.B. Corke, 1735. 4ta 
Bot. Arrangem. 700. A Botanical Arrangement of all the Vegeubln naturally growing !n Great 
Brluin, ftc. By IV. Witbertng. Birmingham, 1776, S vola. 8vo. ; 3d ed. greatly enlarged, 
Lood. ]79tf, 4 voh. 8vo. 
Bot. Cab. 359. See Lodd. Bot. Cah. 
Bot. Cult 1497. See Botaniae CuiUoateur, 
Bat. Qard. 254. See Maund^t Bot. Gard. 
Bot. Mag. 38 . See Curt. Bot. Mag. 
Bot. Reg. 250. Edwardi'i Botanical Regiater. Lond. 8vo. Begun in 1815, and oontiDued montbly. 

Conducted now by Dr. Lindley. 
Be€. Rep. 239. See Andr. Bof. Rep. 

Bouchi. Naturgeechichte der Schadllchen und NuUlichen Oarten Iniecten. Berlln, 18S3. 12ma 
Bouteher*t Treatiteon raising Foreti Treet. 105. Edinb. 1775. 4to. 
Bowack't Aceount <^the Parith qf Kentington. 47. 1705. 

Betyceau^t Jardinage, ^c. 1398. J. Bo>cesu, Trait§ du Jardinage, ftc. Faria, 1714. Fol. 
Bradleif*t New Improeement* qfPlanting and Oardentng. 98. Lond. 1718. 8vo. 
Bradlep^t Treat. on Hutbandrifand Gardening. 96. A Treatiie on Huibandry and Oardenlng, fte. 

By Richard Bradley, F.R.S. Lond. 1721. 8vo. 
Bramham Park. 2009. A |ioem by Fawkei. 

Brande^t Joum. 124. A Jouriial of TraveU in Peru. &c. By C. Brande. Lond. 8vo. 
Brannrt PomUar AtUiquitiet. 9U0. Brand*i (Rev. J.), Obiervatirai on Popular Antiquitiea. New- 

caitle, 1777. 8vo. 
Brag^t {Mrt.) Burdert qfthe Tamar and the Tauy. 900. newnlption of the Part of Devonihlre bor- 

dering on the Tamar and Tavy ; iti NaL Hiit , ftc. London, 1836. 3 voli. 8vo. 
Brevuter't Edin. Joum. 1S4. «See Ed, PhiL Juurn. 

Breyn. Cent. 661. Rxoticarum Plantarum Centuria, By Jacobui Breynlui. GedanL 1678. Fol. 
Breyn. loon. 1859. Iconei rariorum PUutarum, conjunctim cum priori a J. Plu Breynio edita. 

1789. 4to. 
Breyn. Obt. 2274. Prodromui Faiciculi rarioram PlanUram in Hortii Hollandi» obiervatarum. 

By Jaeobui Breyniui. Oedani, vol. i. I1.8O; vol. li. 168L). 9 voli. 8vo. 
BrighVt Traueit in Ilungary. S6Q. Dr. Bright*i Traveli from Vienna, throuffh Lower Hunnrv. in 

1815. Bdlnb. 1818. 4to. '* 

Brit Ent. 18!6. Sce Curtit Brit. Ent. 

Brit. Fungf. 2147. Coniiiting of drlcd Specimeni of the Speciei dcecribcd in Vol. V. Pt. II. of the 
Engluih Flora, together with «uch ai may hereafler be discovered indigenoui to BriUin. By the 
Rev. M J. Berkeley, A.M. Loml. 1836. Faic. I. and 2. 
Britton*t Wiltthire. \9&. Wllt«hire. See Bt-autirt qf England. 

Brit. Topog. 3>i. Oough (R.), Anecdotei or Britiih Topography; or, an Hiitorical Acoount of what 
hai been done for illuitratuig the Topographical Antiquitiei of Great BriUin and Ireland. 
London, 176K. 4ia 
BromeL ChL Guth. 1T0& Chlorii Oothica. By Olaui Bromdiui. Gotboburgl, 1604. 8va 
Broiut. Mim. Rham. 524. M^moire kur 1« Famitle dei Rhamn^ei ; t>u Hiitoire Naturelle et 
MMicale dci G«nrei qui oompoient ce Oroup de Plantei. Par Adolphe Brongniart Paria. 
1826. 4to. ^ 

BroL Flor. Lut. 248. See Brotero*t Ftora Lutitanica. 
Brolero*t Fl. Lus. 1926. Sei' Brotero\ Fiora LusUaniea. 
Bretero^t Flora LusHanira. Ifi4. Oliiiipoiiw, 1M)4. 2 voU. 8va 

BroL Phyt. 580. Phytographia Luiiuni» leitrcUor. By Fellx Avellar Brotcra Oliiiloon» 
1801. Fol. 1^*«— » 

BremCt EdiL qf White*t Seibome. 157«. Wh»te'i Natural Hiitory of Selbome, and ObicTvationi on 
varloua Parti of Nature; wltli tJi« Naturaliifi Calendar, and notw, by Capt Tbomaa Brown. 
FiL<8l Lontton, 18a& 8vo. ^ 



LI8T OF BOOKS R£F£RRED TO CXCF. 

XrimHProd, 1507. Plrodromui Flone Notb HolUndlc et Inrate Van Di«meo. By Robert Brown. 

Lond. 1810. 8va 
AratMe^s Jam. US9. Tfie Civil and KAtural Hutorv of Jamaica. By Patrick Browne. Lond. 1756, 
^ Fot Kd. 8L 1789. 

^^' 'iy- ^^^- Bruguidre (J. 6.), Vojages dans l*Empire Ottomaa Paris. 3 voU. 4ta 
Btiibid Namek. 798. A curious fragment, by tlie Pertian poet AtUr. 
SMJleim 4et Scfmeet. 1999. 
BmUetim des Sciencf» de la SocUti PhUomatiaue, £101 Bulletin dei Scienccs, par b Soci^t^ Phllo. 

matique de Parla. Pari», from 1791. 
Biai.de la Sic d^Ag. du Dipart. de rHirauH. 90951 Bulletins de la SocifttA d* Agriculture du 

D^partement de l^H6rault, siante i, Montpelter. Montpelier, 1803—1813. 8vo. 
Batletim Univertel. 1133. Bulletin Universel des Soiences et de Tlndustrie. Parls, 1825. S4voli. 

8va 

Bmtl. FL Par. inss. Flora Parisiensls. By Bulliard. PaHs, 177f(-1780. 5 vols. 8va 

BmiL Pr. 3n5. Herbier de la France: Id. 1780, et seq. FoL pL 600. 

Butt. Herb. 581. See BmU. Fr. 

BmUiard'» Kist. des Champ. de Franee. 19751 Histoire des Champignons de la France. UL Parls. 

1798. Fol. • ^ 

BmO. Sci. 587. Soe BtdleUn de» Sciencet, ^ 

Bmnge Mim. Aead. Sden. Peterxh. i9Sd. I>r. Bung^ !n Mem., &c. See Mim. Acad, Seten,, 4c. 
Bmnge't List qf Ptants of the SurtJk o/ China. 43fiL Eimmeratio PlanUnim quas in China borealt 

eollegic Dr. AL Bunge. 1831. Puulished in the Mem. Acaii. Seien. Petersb., Ac., 183SL 
Burgess^s Eidodendron. 178& Burge«ji*s (H. W.), Eidodendron. Views of ihe General Character 

aiid Apfiearance ot Trees, ForeiKii and Indigenous. lA>nd. 1827- Folio. 
Burgmi. Anteit. 1657. Burgidorf ^F.A L.}, Aiilritunff sur sichem Erzichung und sweckmiissigea 

Anpflaiisung der einhehniMhen und tVemclen Holxarten welcbe in Dcutschland und unter 

ahnlicheri Klima Im rreien rortkommen. 1795l 8 viilr. 8vo. 
Btuvseister Handb. der Eat. 1863. Burmcisler (Dr. H.), Mauual of Entomologj. Tkanslated ftooi 

the German liy W. E. Shuckard. LondtHi, ISSa 8vo. 
Bmrm. Fl. Ind. fiOS. N L. Bunnann's Flora Indica. Lugd. Bat. 1768. 4ta 
Burm, Prttd. 9059. See Burm. Fl. Ind. 
Burm. lUr. Ptaut. Afr. 504^ Itiriorum AMcanarum PlanUrum Decades lOl By J. Burmann. 

Amsterdami, l?.'^, 173*'. 4ta 
BmmHts Ameen. Quer. IdSI. See Amaenitaies Quemese. 
BumeWs Jaaugurai Address to t/te Medico-B tnnical Society. 1459. Lond. 1S3L 
Bmrton^s MonasL StJTJ. Burton, J., Monasticon Eboraceiue: and tbe Ecdesiastieal Hislory of 

Yurkshire Yorlt, 175a Folia 
Btub. Cenl. 319. J- C. Buxbaum, Plantarum minus cogniUmm CentuHst quinque. PetropoU. 

1728-174a 5vol«, 4ta 
SujA, HoL 1J97. Id., Enumeratio PlanUnim in Agro Hallenae crcacentium. Hals^ 17SL 8vo. 

C. 

Csnar*s CommmUnies. 81. 

Caiendarium Hortense. 44. : or Oardener*s Almanadc. By John Evelyn. Lood. 1064^ 1669, 1676, 

17UL 8va 
Comb. Ann. Sd. Nai. 788. See Cambessedes Mon. Spir., ^e. 
Camb. BaL 1046. Enumeratio Pliintarum quas in InKuIas Balearibus colleglt J. Cambeascdea. 

Published in tlie Mimoires du Bliis^tim. tom. xiv. 1827. 
Cambessedes Mon. Spir. in Ann. Sci. Nat. 72. Cambesscdes^s Monograph of the Splrcas, in the AnnalM 

des Sclences N«turelle«, tom 1. 
Camdm*s Aceount of the New Forest. 17<^1. Sce Camdm*s Britannia. 
Camdm^s Britannia. 1391. Briunnia. sive florcnti«simorum Regnorum Anglise, ftc., Chorograi^iica 

Descriutio. Lond. 1607. FoL lYansUted by Edward 6iba«in. 1722. 8 volt. fbl. 
Cansden^s Life qf Queen EUzabeth, 948. Camden's ( W.), Life of Queen Ehsabeth. Ozford, 1717. 

5 vob. 8vo. 
Cam. EpiL lOia Joachim Camerarius, De Plantis Epitome uUlissima. Franoof. M»n. 1566. 4to. 
CamelUea BrUanniae. 386. See ChandL Cam. Brit. 

Camer. HorL 9063. Hortus Medious et Philosoiihicus. Id. Franc. Msen. 158& 4ta 
Ca/fin gto n*s Dartmoor. 1757. A poeni. 8va 
Castelefs Trnit/ sur le MArier bUmc 1538. Paris. 

CaUU. qfBrU. Planis. 729. Caulogue of Briti»h Plants. By Professor Henslow. 8va pamph. 
Cataiogue <^the Leyden Garden. Boerhaave (H.), Index Planurum qu» in Horto Acad. Lugd-Bat. 

re|ieriuntur. Lugd. Bat. 1710. 8vo. 
Caial. tf Tradeseants Museum. Museum Tradewantlanum ; or a Collection of Barities preserved «t 

South Lambeth. By John Tradescant 1656. ISma 
CaiaL qf Trees and Shrubs, both Exotie and Domestic, whieh arepropagated Jbr Sale *• the Qardenf 

near London. m. By Ihe Society of Gardeners. London, 1730. FoL 

Catalague. ^. Catalogueof PlanUoliservedin North America. By John Banister. 1680. 
Catalms Piantarum rariorum AngUtt et Insularum atUaeenthtm, 1001. By John Ray. Lond. I67a 

Bi 8. 1677. 8va ,. ^ _._. _.• „ . , , ^ , . 

Catesb. Carol. 897. Catesby*s Natural History of CaroUna, Florlda, and the Bahama Islanda. Lood. 

1741— 174& 8 vols. folio. 
CaL Hort. V/ndob. 67«. See J^rc^. HorL Vin. 

CasL AnaL 67a See Anales de las Ciencias Naturales. . ^ _ ^. ^ *,._.. ,,-«« .. 

Cau. Diss 561. A. J. Cavanilles, Monadelphia Claals DlawrUtiones Deoem. Matrlt 1790. 4to. 

pl. 897. 
Cau. Ic 318. Id., Iconea et DescripUones PlanUrum ousp aut sponte in HlspanU crescunt, aut In 

Hortis hospitantur. Matrit 1791— IROl. 6 vbls. fol. pL 6Ul. 
CWSf/c Retearches and Inquirp into the MyUtalogif ofthe Drmids. 1753. 
Chab. Seiag. SSd Dominicus Chabrey, Omnium Stirpium ScugraphbL Colinic AUobrogum, 

1668 JSd. 8. Iffn. FoL 
Chambers^s {Sir W.) Dittertations on OHenial Gardening. 80. Lood. 1774. 4to. 
ChandL Cam. BriL 387. See ChaudL liL . ^# _. ^ i_ ,« » *^ » ^w - .. 

ChandL UL 388. Illustratimis by Alflred Chandler, and Dteriptiaiis lyy W. Bcattic BooCb, qT th« 

Caneilie*. Lond. 18SL Imp^ 4tA 

s9 



CXCVl LIST OF BOOKS R£F£RR£D TO. 

CkarhMHtt CaUflogve. 1316. A Catalogue, by Qearge Chariwood, NuiMry «iid SMdiman, Co?«ot- 

Garden. Fubluhed yearly. 
auUe HaroUL 1917. A poem by Lord Byron. 
Ckois. Prod. Hyp. SS». J. D. Choity, Prodromiu d*une MoDographle des Hypertdntea. Oenera, 

1821. 4to. 
ChouL De var. Quer. Htst. 1791. Joh. Da Cboul, De variA Quercus HbtoriA, acoeMiv xniad Montta 

DetcripCia LiMduni, 1555. 8va 
Ckron. Sax. 17i7. See Saxon Chronicles. 
Ckurck Hitiory qf England. 175& Dodd (C.), Church History of England, chieBy 'regarding tbe 

Ronian Cathotics in England, from 1737 to 1742. Bninel*. 3 vol*. folio. 
CkurehiWs Medical Botany. 555. Medical BoUny ; or, Illustrationi and Descrlptions of the Medi- 

cinal Plants of the London, Edinburgh, and Oublin Pharmaoopaiaa. By J. Stepheoson, M.D., 

&c., and James MorssChurchill,F.L.S. Lond. 1831. 4vola. 8vo. 
dder. 9UI. A poem by Ptiinips. 
Ostinete, 316. Soe Swt. GsL 

doU aad\Satural Hiitory o^ ChiU. 8436. See Molina*s History, ^c. 
Ctaift. Ftar. rirgin. 516. Gronovius (J. F.), Fl<ira Virginica, exhibens Flantas quasp. Clayton in 

Virgiuia coUegit Lugduni Batavonim, 1749. 8vo. 
Ous, Hist, 323. Sce Clusius*s Rarioram Plantarum, 
Clus. Pan. 1155. Carolus Clusius, Rariorum aliquot Stirpium per Pannonlam observ. Historia. 

1583. 8vo. 
CtusiMs*i Rartomm Plantarum. 147. Id., Rariorum Plantarum Historia. Antveipise, 1605. Fol. 2 
Co6b*s Manual qftke Mulberrff Tree^ ifc. Massachusetts. 
Cotd. Uooeb. 2050. Colden (C), PUntse Coldenghamlae in Provincia Koveboracensi Americss spoote 

crescentes ; in Act. Societ Upsal. I74d. 
Celttn Ctout 's come Home «main. 168k A bailad by Spenser. 
OoUa Hort. Bin 473. See CoUa HorL RipuL 

CoUa Hort. tUpul. 868. Colla, Hortus Rlpulensisw Turin, 182^1837. 4ta 
CoUeetionqfPoems.20Si. DuMin, 1801. 
CotonieSj ^c. 2327. See ne Cotonies. 
CoUun. /c. S519. Columnse (F.), Pliytobasancs, sive Plantarumaliquot Hittoria, cum Annotctionlbus 

Jani Pland. Mediolani, 1774. 4ta 
Com. Dict. 31& See M^CulL DicL 
Com. Hort. IQ74. See Comm. Hort. Amst, 

Comm. Qoett, 1962. Commentarii Societatis regi» Goettingensis. 1751, 1754, 17fl9— I8I6L 4 vols. 4to. 
Comm. Hurt. Amst. 396. Joh. Commelyn, Horti menici Amstclodamensis rariorum Plantarum De- 

scriptioetlcones Parspnroa. Am.tclod, 1()97. FoL PAnaltera. By Casp. Coremelyn. 1703. FoL 
Comm. PrteL S52S. Casp. Commelyn, Prsludia boUnica ad publicas Plantarum Demonstiationes. 

Lugd. Bat 1706. 4to. 
Commentariet. 189. See C«aar's Commentaries. 

Commons* CompUunt, uAerein is contained Two special Grievances. 1751. By Arthur Standish. 1611. 
Communications to tbe Board qf AgricuUure. 2854. I.ondon, 1797—1819. 7 vols. 4ta New Series, 8vo. 
Comp. Bot. Maf. 1269. See Companion to the Butanicat Magazine. 
Compatiionto tke Botanical Magazirie^ 2249; being a Jouriial cotitaining such interesting botanical 

Information as does not come within the prescribed Limits of the Magaaine ; vrith oocasioual 

figures. By Sir W. J. Hooker. Lond. Begun in 1835. 
Compend. PL Ger. 1635. Bluff(M J.) et FingerhuUi (C. A.), Compendium Flor» Germaaiis. 

lHorimb. 1825. 8va /» i- 

CompUal Husbandman. 1639. By & HarUlbi London, 1559. 4ta 
Coitfassio Amantis. 2017. An tAA poem by Gower. 
Coolfs (Captain J.} Pirst Voyage. London 1777. 2 vols. 4to. 

CocVs ^Captain J.) Second Voyage. 2443. Cook's Second Voya«e. liondon, 1784 4to. 
Cord. Hisi. 1168. Cordus (C), Uistoria Piantarum, ed. k C. Gesnero. Argeniorati, 1651. FoUo. 
Coriotanus. 1784. By Shakspeare. 
CtM-n. Can. 1259. Jaoob Comuti, Canadensium Plantarum aliarumque nondum editaium Hislorla. 

Paris. 1636L 4to. 
Corsiea. 1118. A poem by Mrs. Barbauld. 1769. 

Cosmographu. 1828. Munster (F.), La Cosmographie Universelle^ Paris, 1558. Folia 
Cous^ Bep. 87. MaitUnd's (W.) History of Edinburgb, from iu FouudaUoo to the prestnt Timt. 

Edinburgh, 175Su Folio. 
Court qfLove. 839. A poem by Chaucer. 
Cowlty an PUmts. 1346. A poem. 
Camper^s YardteyChase. 1785. A poem. 

Crantz Austr. 339. Henr. Joh. Nepom. Crantx, Stirpes AustriacA. 1762. 8va 
Cnker^EdiUonqfBosweU*sJoknson.\5\9. 
CuUen^s Trans. Ctav. 2051. C. Cullen's l^listory of Mexioo, translated nrom the ItaUan of Clavlgero. 

London, 1787. S vols. 4ta 
CuUum's Hawtted. 33. History and AntiquiUes of Hawsled and Hardwick. By the Rtv. Sir John 
Cullum, Rart 8d ed., wlth notes. Lond. 1813. ^ta 

Cumvateur Provengak S4i2. A periodicai quoted in Loiseleur Desloagchamps*s Histoire du Ckdsm 
du Liban. "^ 

CuUmre ^ Forests, ^. 1998. By Lieatenant-Coionel Emmerioh. Lond. 1789. 8va 
Cupan. Pamph. 76& See Cup. Pamph. Sic. 

Cup Pamph. Sic. 587. Franciscus Cupani, Pamphytum Slculum, seu Historia PUnUrum Sid- 

li«. fol. 
Curt.Bot.Mat. «41. TTie Botaniral Mag^aine, &c. By W. Curtis ; oontinued by Dr. Sims ; and, 

sincethedeaUiof Dr. Sims, by blr W. J. Hooker. Lond. Begun in 1787, and couUnued in 

monthly Noa 8vo 
Curtis Brit Ent. 8142. See CurtWs British EntomoloKy. 
Curtifs British EntamoUigy. 1484. BHtish EntomoTugy ; belng Illustrations and DeacriptioBs of 

t)ie Gener» of Insects found in Grent Brltain and IielaiKi. *c. Bv J. Curtis. F.L &. fte. 

Lond. 1884-1836. 13 vols. 8va * ^ ^^^ '•*-», «^ 

CurL PL Lond. 343. See CurL Lond. 
^K ^rJlfi-Z? ^FIoraLoodinenris; or, PUtes and Deseriptions of such Plants as grow wild In 

Sl L«S^ Lo»d«» wtth their pUces of QrowUi, te. By W. Cuilia. Load. 1777. 3 voto. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CXCvil 

D. 

Daleek, Hlst. 1678. See Daleckamp't Higt. PlanL 

Daleckatmt't Hist, PianL 18415. Jacquei D«lecb«u)p's HUtoria generalii PlantaruiB. Lusd. 

I>atffr. Parff . 1963. T. F. Dalibard, Floras Paritlentla Prodromus. Parii, 174a Ifimo. 

Damdolo** Detf Arte di gopernnre i Bnccki da Seta. 1358. Milan. 

Da9ia'$ Weiek Bardt. Kgo. Edw. Davle«'« Celtic Reiearchef } London, 1801, 8yo : and Edw. 

Davieft Ritet oT the Britith Druidt; London, 18r)9, 8vo. 
Daviet^t fVeisk BoL 76i WeUh RoUnolqgy. Bj H. Davict. Lond. 1818. 8va 
Damt*t {DenMis*t) LaiuUcape-Gardener. \&. The Landacape-Oardener. By the Rev. Prebendary 

Dennl*. London, 18;j6. 8va 
DaojTt Jgrieulimral Ckemistry. \SR\ Elements oT Agricultnral Chemittnr. By 8ir Hiimphry 

Davy. In a Courw of Lecture* for the Board of Agrtculture. Loodon, 181& 4to. 
Dean's Croome Guide. 73. 8vo. 
De Arboribus Qmfferis. 2407. See BeU. Qm(f. 
De Arboribus Coniferis Eesin^eris, ^e. 187. See BetL Conif. 
De Arbommy FriUicitmt et iierbantm,jkc. 187. Joann. Meunius, Arboretum Sacrum, sive do 

Aitwrura, Fruticum, et Herbaruin Consecratione, Proprietate, ftc. Lugd. BaC 1642. 8vo, pL 10. 
Doatk qfAcis. 9192. A poem by Barry CornwaU. 
De Bell QaU. 90G9L Csnar (JuUus), CominentarU de Bello OalUca 
Dec Astr. 63& Augustin Pyramus De Candolle, Astragalofia. Paris, 1809. 4to ct foL 
Dec. PL Pr. dS8. Id. et Lamarck, FUre Fran^ ai»eL Paris, 1805—1815. 5 vbls. 8vo^ 
Dee. Pl. Pr. Sn^ 39Ul See Dec Pl. Pt. 
Dec HorL Monsp. 472. See Dec. CaL Hort. Monsp. 
Dec. Cat Hart. Monsp. SJ± Id.,Catalogut Plantarum Horti Botanici Monsneliensis, addito Ofaierva. 

tionum circa'Species novas aut non katis cognitas Fa!«ciculo. Monsp. ifilS. 8vo. 
Dee. Ldg. M4m. 563. Id., Homoire sur U Famiile des L^Kumineusee. Paris, 1885. 4to. pl. 70. 
Dec Mim. Soe. Gen. S03. De Candolle In M6moires de la 8ocift6 de Physique et Histoix« Ma« 

turelle de Gen^ve. 1821, and conlinued. 4to. 
Dec. Mim. imed. in Soc Pkm. Gen, 634. De Candolle*s MSSL In the Mfimolres de la 8oc. de Phyi. 

ct d*Uist. Kat de Oenfve. 
Dec. Pkps. Vie. 675. See De CandclWs Pkmiolagie Vigitale. 
De CandoUe^s P^siologie Vigitaie^ 162. ; ou Expositioo des Foroet et dea Fooetlons vitalet dee V<g^ 

Uux. Id. Paris, 1832. 3vois.8vo. 
Dec. PL rar. Jard. Qen. 2261. Id., PUntes raret du Jardln de Gendve. Oenev. 1885—1887. 

4to. pL 84 
Dec, Prod. 233. Prodromus Systematis naturalis Regni VegetabiUs ; seu Enuraeratio methodiea 

Ordinum, Oenerum, Specierumque Plantarum hucusque oognttarum. Paris, 1894—1830. 4 

vols. 8vo. 
Dec. S§sL 234 Id., Regni vegeUbilU Systena naturale; sive Ordlnes, Oenera, et Spedes Plan. 

tarum, seomrtum Methodi naturales Normas digesUrum et descriptarum. raris, 1818— 1881« 

2 ihick vols. 8va 
De Ckabrol*s Statistioues de Sawme, ^e. 1964. 
De Pruet. eL Sem. PlanL 2103. J. Gartner, De Fructlbus et Seminlbus PlanUnim : contlnuat I 

C. K. Ocrtner sub titulo " Carpologia." Leipsis, 3 vols. 4to. 1., 1788; ii, 1791; Ui, or 8up- 

plcnientum Carpologtse, 1806. 
De rAgric. du Gdtinais, tfc. 21d8. See De rAgrieuUure du Gvtinait. 
De rAgricuUure du Gutinais, Ac 2121. By BL A. Puvis. Paris, 1833. 8va 
De/amarre*s TraiU Pratique de ia Culture des Pint. 3119. Paris, 1831 Sd. ed. 
Detarb. Auoergn. 979. See Detarb. Pl. Auv. 
Detarb. FL Auo. 1053. Antoine de TArbre. Flore d*Auvergne. Ed. I., 1 voL 8vo, Clermont- 

Perrand, 1795. Ed. 2., Riom ct Clerinont, 1800, 2 vols. 8va 
Delaun. Bon Jard. 755. See Bon Jnrd. 

Ddmenif Herb. Amai. 358. Delauny in HerMer de T Amateur, a Frendi periodicaL 
Deiets. Icon. 297. See Deless. Icon. SeL 
Detess. leon. seL 306. Benj. Delessert, Icones seleets PlanUrum in System. univers. descripta- 

run. Paris, ISSO. 4Co. 
Deleute*s Hist.t ^c. 186. History and Description of the Royal Museum of Natural Hlstory, fte. 

TnnsUted by M. Deleutc. Paris, 1823. 8vo. 
DeL PL Xgypt. SS*. Alir. Rafen. Delile, Hone fgyptiace lUustratio. Paris, 1813. Fol. 
DeBam Sffimrumy 1792 ; or, Orand and Komanttc Forett Scenery in England and ScoUand. Drawn 

from Nature, and etched by J. O. Strutt. Lond FoL 
DeiSle Deser. de FEfBlPte. l^* A. K Dellle, Mdmoires botanlqucs, eztraiU de la Description da 

rEgyjjte. Pari«, I81& FoL 
Delto Is(ftutso dei Bosekl, Ac. 930. DeUo Influsso dei Boschi suUo SUto flsico dei Paesl, e sulla 

Prosperitk deUa Nasione. By O Gauticri. Milan. 1817 8va 
Den Denksckrif. d. Regensb. Bot. Ges. 1&J5. Denkschriftcn der Kfinigtich.Baierischen Botanisebea 

tiesellsehult in R^en»burg. Regensburg, 1815, and continueU. 4ta 
Dendrograpkia. 187. By John Johnston. Frankfort, 1662. Ful. 
Den. JMt. 236. See Dendrologia Britannioa. 
DendrokgiaBritamaiea^ 18& ; or, Trees and Shrubs that wlU live In theopen Airof Britain. By P.W. 

Watson. Lond. 2 vols. 8vo. pl. 172. 
Dendrologia Saiuralis. 187. Ulysses AJdrovaadus, DendrolQgU Naturalis, Dbri dua Booonisi. 

1667. Fol. 
Dendtotogjf^ 854 ; In which are Facts, Experiments, and Observations, dereonstratlng that Treco 

and Vi^tflbloc derive their Nuuiment independently of the Earth, &c. By John WaUif, Timber 

Surveyor. Lond. 1883. 8va 
Derlufskire Report. 20231 General View of the Agriculture of Derbysfaire. By Joho Farey, sep« 

Lnodon, 181'. 2vols. 8va 
Der Hausvater. 148. By Baron Otto Von MUnebamen of SchwSbbache, 1765. 
Der Trl{0tebau. 1975. DcrTriifllebaii|Oder Anweisungdieschwsrzen und weiseen TiliflUn bi Wal- 

dungen, Luslgehuschen, und Garten, durch Kunst zu ziehen, und firosse AnUgep daau su 

machen. Voo Alexander Von Bornholz. Quedlinbura und Leipslg, 1825. 
De Be Bustica. 835. L. J. M. CoLunella, De Ite Ruitica Libri duodeciro. Parlc, 1543. Sra 
D« Satidbus Suropais Cemmeniatio. 1456. By O. D. J. Koch. Erlangeo, 1886. 8vo. 
Deser^tkm qftke Seeneru qftka Lakes. 2374 By W. Wovdswotth. 
Destrted mage. 83». A poem by OoMnnlth. 



CXCVUl LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Detf. AcL Par. 55& Actet de la Socikik d'Hittoiie NatureUe d« Parli. Parii, 179S. FoUa 

Betf. Ann. Mus. 423. See Annale$ du Mtuie. 

De^f. Atlan. Idl7. See De^f. Fl. AtL 

Detf. Pi. AtL 31& K. L. DesfonUinet, Flora Atlantica. Parit, 1798, 1799. S Toto. 4to. 

Detf. Cor. 744. Id., Cboix des Plantet du Cornllaire des In»titatsde Tournefort Parit, 1608. 4to. 

Detf. Hitt. des Arbres et Arbriss. 1409 Id., Hiuoire de« Arbret et Arbriueaux qui peuveot ^tre 

cultiv6i en pleine Tecre tur le Sol de la, France Pans, 1809. S volt. 8vo. 
Detf. Cai. Uort. Paris. 989. See Der/. Cotai. Hort. P. 
Detf. Catal. Hort. P. 304. Id., CaUluKUt Plantarum Horti xegii Pariaienaii. ParU, 18S9. 8to. 

3ded. 
Detf. Hort. Par. 238. See Detf. Catal., ^. 

Detf. Horl. Par. et Arb. W4a See Desf. Catal, 4«., and Detf. Hlst. des Arbres^ ^c. 
Desv. Joum. Bat. 755. Dcsvaux, Journal de Botanique. Paria, 1806—1814. 5 vola. 6ro. 
Dtcks. Crypt. 1976. See Dicks. H. Sicc. Fasc. 
Dicks. H. Siec. 1706. See Dicks. H. Sicc. Fnsc. 
Dicks. H. Sicc. Fasc. S06& Plantarum cryptogamicarum CriUDnije Faaciculi quatuor. Lond. 1785 

—1801. 4»o 
Dict. Qas. d^Hist. Nai. ISIS. See Dict Classiqw d^Hitt. Nal. 

Dict. aastique tPHist. Nai. 1^85. Dictioiin«ire ClaMique d'Hittolre Naturelle, par MM. Audouin, 
Bourdon, Brongniart, Edwardt, De Feruasac, Detpres, Flourens, Jui»ieu, Lucas, Ricbard, Borj 
De SL Vincent, ftc. Paris, 18^4—1830. 17 vols. 8va 
Dlct. det Eatu etdes Forits. 654. See BnHdrillart Troiti. 
DicL Gin. des Saux et Poiits. ^36. Sev BaudrUluH Traiti. 
Dieiionnaire. 612. 8ee B ludrii/art Tmi/( 

Dieiiomtaire GhUral des Eaug et Forils. 564^ See BauAriilart Traiti. 
DiclkmHaire des Seiences Naiurelies. 211 i. Pubh« par les Professeurs du Jardin du RoL Parif^ 

1816—1829. 6()vol8. 8vo. 
Dictionnaire Encpdopedique. S20i. Lamarck (J. B.), DictioDnalre M6tbodique, Partie Bouniqu«* 

Paris, 1789. xvols. 4to. 
Diel. Fl. Taur. 768. See Bieb. Fl. Taur.-Caue. 
Dict. Hist. et Crit. 17Sa Dictionnaire Historique et Critique. Par P. Bayle Rotterdam, 1697— . 

4vols. roL. 
Dief. ofComm. S1I3. See M*CuUoeh's Dict. 
Dictionttrp (^ Commerce^ IS.-J5. .<c« M*Cu/i. Dicl. 
Dietionnaire Univertel. 1989. Valmont de Bomare, Dictionnalre Raisonnt Unlversel d*HUtoir« 

Nattirelle Ljons, 1791. 8vo. 
Dietr. Ux. Suppl. 1050. Dietricht (J. O.), Vontlandiget Lexicon der Gartnerey und Botanik. 

Weimar, 18UI. 2 volt. 8vo. 
DiU. Etth. 234. Joh. Jac. Dilleniut, Hortua Flthamentis. Lond. 1738. 2 volt. fdl. 
Diil Mus. \8Si. Id., Hiitoria Muvcorura. £d. 1., Oxunii, 174! ; ed. 2., London, 1763. 4to. 
Disserlation. 2104; In O. Fur*ter't De Pl.tnlis Ftcuirncis. Bcriin, 1786. 8vo. 
Dissertalioas on Orieniai Gardening, 8U. See Chambers's (.Sir W.) Dissertat ons, i[e. 
DobdPs Travfls. 1509. Travels in Kamtsciiatka and Siberia. Lond. 2 vols. small 8va 
Dod. Pempt. 878. 8ee Dodon. Pempt. 
Dodon. Pempt. 765. Rambertus Dodonteut seu Dodoena, Stirplum HUtorlie Pemptadet Sex, ilve 

Libri xxx. Antverpite, 1616. FoL 
Domestic Gardener*s ManuaL 634. 'I'he Domettic Oard«ier*i ManuaL London, 8to. 
Don's MilL 232. See Don's MtUer't Dictionnry. 

Don*s MiHer*s Dictionary. 222. A geueral Systeni of Oardening and Botany, ftc., founded on 
Miller't Dictionary, and arranged according to tbe Natural System. By Ocorge Don, F.L.S. la 
4 voi». 4to. 3 voU. published in 1837. 
Don^ Prod. 29L See D. Don Prod. Nep. 

D. Don Prod. Nep. I lOU. David Doii, Prodromut Florc Nepalentit. Lond. 18S5. Small 8vo. 
D. Dou MSS. 1849. Profeosor Don M.SS. 
Donaid^s Cat. 1SU2. A Catalogue of Trees and Shrubt conUined in Robert Dona1d*i Arboretum, at 

Goldworth Nuriery, Woking, near Kipley, Surrey, Folio tbeet. 
DoiNS Ht*rt. Can. 250. See Donn Hort. Contab. 

Donn HorL Cantab. SI5S. Jdmes Donn, Hortiit Cantabrigientis ; or, a CaUlogue of Plants, indi. 
genous and foreign, cultivatcd in tbe Walkcrian Botanic Oarden at Caml>ridge. Cambridge, 
1796. 8vo. 
Doomstiay-Book. 1S7& Doomtday-Book teu Liber Censualis Willelmi Primi, Regis Anglic, inter 
Arcbivos Regni in Domo Capitulari Westmonnsterii asservatus : Jubente Uege augustissiaio 
Georgio Tertio pra>lo mandatus typis. 2 lom. folia Loud. 1783. 
Dougi. MS. 98& See DougtasU MSS. 
Doug/as MS. 248. 

Drake^s Shakspeare» 1345. Draket edition of Shakspeare. 

Drury Jutrod, 1817. Drury (I) ], Exocic InsecU. I.ondoD, 1770—1782. 3 vols. 4ta 
Dryden's rirgii. 1223. Dryden*s Translation of Virgii. 

DifMsn Soc. TVaftf. 902. Transactiont of the Dublin Society. Dublin, 1800— 18ia 6vo1i. 8va 
Duby et Decand. Bot. Gaitic, 1SI2. 

Duby and De CandoiieU Botnnicon Gaiiicum. 132. J. E. Duby et A. P. De Candolle, Botanicum 
Oallicum, leu Synopsis PUnUrum in Flora Gallica detcripUrum. ParU, 1828—1830. S volt. 8to. 
Duh Arb. Fr. ^TJ. See Du Hamefs Arbres. 
Du HamePs Arbres Fruitiers. 984. Trait6 det Arbret Fruiticrt. By Henri Louit Du Hamel du Monceau. 

Parii, 1768. 3 voU. 8vo. 
Du Ham. Arb. Nomv. 261. See Duh. Ed. Nop. 
Duh. Ed. Nouv. Du HamePs l>ail6 des Arbret et Arbuttc* qui le cultlvcnt en France en pleine 

Terre. A new edition. By MicheL Paris, 1811— 181& 5 voU. foL 
Dtfffi. Bot. CuiL ilf^ See Botaniste Cultivateur. 
Dum. Cours. S08. See Boianitte Cuiiivateur. 
JDum. Cours. BoL Cuit. 531. See Bo/aniste Cultivaieur. 
,Dum. Cours. 5afpp. 821. See Botaniste Cultioateur. 
Dunciad. 1701. A poem by Pope. 
DiiM. ined. SSS. Dunart MSS. 
Dtffi. Mon. Anon. S98L See Dunal Monog. 

DumaL Monog. 891 Micb. Felix Dimal, Monographie de U Famtlle det Anonaciear Parli» 
1817. 4ta 



LIST OF B00K8 REFERRED TO. CXCIX 

2>Kr. Bour^. 5B5L Dunmde, Flore de Bourgogne. Dijon, 1782. S toIi. Svo. 

Du Boi Harbk. 401. Joh. PhU. Du Roi, Die Uarbkesche wiide Baumsucbt. Braunschweig, 1771, 

1772. S vol«. Sva 
jyUrv. Entum. SaiR. Enumeratio PlanUrum quas in Intulis Archipelagi, Anno 1819, 18S0, coUegit 

Dumonc D'UrTille. Paris, \Si5L. 8vo. 
Dwigki*» TrapeU ra New Emgiand. 18S. Trarels in New England and New York. By Dr. Dwight 

Lond. 18^ 2 Tola. 8Ta 



£aiom Mam. Boi. Ed. 10«7. Id., A.Manual of BoUny for tfae Northem and MiddleSUtes of Amerlca. 

Albany, 18S4. ISmo. 
Bcom. Higt. lOi. Economical History of tbe Hebrides and Highlands of Scotland. 88. By Dr. 

Wallter. Edinb. 181S. 
EtL PML Jourm. SIIO. Edinborgh Philosophical Joumal. Conducted by Dr. Brewster and 
ProTessor Jamesoa Ediiib. 1819— 18S4. 10 vols. 8vo. Continued by ProfT Jameson alone, under 
the «une name, from I8S4; and flrom 18S6, called *' The Edinburgh New Philosophical JournaU*' 
Edinburgh, 1819, and continued. 8vo. 
Bdm. Ormsih. 2I0S. Natural History of uncommon Birds, and of some oCber rare and undescribed 
Aoiroals, Quadrupeds, ReptUes, tishes, Insects, &c. By Gea Edwaids. Lond. 1743—1751. 4 toIs. 
•Mu, pl. SIU. 
Ekret sia, AmgL 1190. Ehret (O. D), in the Philosophica] Transactions. 
Bkret P'cL 996. O. D. Ehret, Plantse et PapiUones rariores. Lond. 1748—1759. FoL 
Bitrh. A. bor. 772. See Ehrh. Beiir. 
Bhrh. 9,'itr. 683. Friediich Ehrhart, Beitrage sur Naturkunde Hanover et Osnabruk, 1787— 

Viyi 7 vols. 8vn. 
Biehmai / Pianiie Catoico-CaueaMiae. 193S. Wilna and Leipsig, 1831. folia 
Bieg^. 1 /76. Oray*s Begy in a Countrv Churchyard. 
BienuMiary Art 903. See Harding*s Elemem-ary Art. 
BtememlM qf Naoal Archiieeiure. 140l En^mens de 1' Architecture Navale. By Du Hamel du Mon. 

Cfttu. Paris, 175S. 4to. 
Biench. Sard. 707. Moris (J. H.}, Stirpium Sardoarum Elenchus. Carali, 18S7— 18S9. 
BUeM^t Aceonai qfihe Pariah qfSi. Leonard. Shorettitch. 77. The History and Antiquities of the 
Parish of St Leouard, Shoreditcb, anfi Llberty of Norton Folgate, in the Suburbs of London. 
Loodon, 179^. 4to. 
SOioU FL S. Car. 8S5. A Sketch of the BoUny of South CaroUna and Geoivia. By Steph. ElUott. 

Charleston, 18S1— 18S4. S vols. 8va pl. IS. 
BUioa ^onm. Acad. Sd. Philad. 647. See JoMm. Acad. Scien. PhiL 

BUki'* Kai. HiU. qf CoraUiaet. 70. Esnay towards a Natural History of Connince, and other BCarine 
Produflions of the like Kiiid, commonly found on the Coast of Oreat Bntain and Ireiand. By 
John EUis. Lond. 1755. 4to, pl. 99. 
BUi»*M Sat. HiMt. qf ZaophffieM^ ^. 70. Natural History of many curious and unooramon Zoophytes, 
cellected from various pHrts of the Globe, systematicaliy arranged and described. By Dr. D. 
Solander. Id. Lond. 1786. 4to, pl. 62. 
£//. Sketch. 1047. See Eiiioit Fi. S. Car. 
Bm. PL S37. See Eneyc qf PUtntM. 

BncMe. Amer. 85. Encyctopsedia Americana. A popular Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature, 
Hliitory, Politics, and Biography, brought down to the present time ; including a copious CoUec 
tion of origmal Anicles in Americaii Biography ; oii the liasis of the Seventh Editioii of the 
Ovnnan Conversations-Lexicon. Edited by 1*. Lieber and E. Wriggleiworth. Philadelphia, 
18S9L 13 vols. 8vo. 
Bncyc BoL 1361. See Lam. Emcyc. 
Bncifc. qfAgr. 57SL An Encyclopadia of Agriculture, ftc. By J. C Loudon, F.L&,ftc. Lood. 

1831. 8vo. 
Bmeifc. qf CoL Arch. 897. An EncyclopsBdia of Cottage, Farm, and Villa Architeclure, Fumiture, 

&c Hy J. C. Loudon, F.LSl, ftc. Lond. 1833. 8va 
Bm^. qf Gard. 76. A n Encyclopsedia of Gardening ; comprlsing the Tbeory and Practlce of Hor- 
tirulture, Floriculture, Arboriculture, and Landscape-Gardening, &c. By J. C. Loudon, 
F.L&, ftc. Lond. 1835. Ed.2. 8vo. 
Bncme. qf PianiM. 4. An Encyclopsedia of Plants ; comprising thc Description, Specific Character, 
CuUure, History, Applicalion in the Arts, &c. By J. C Loudon, F.L.&, ftc. Lond. 1831. New 
ed. 183HL 8vo. 
Bmcifclopadia cf Arboticultnre. 1805. See Arboretum Britanmicum. 
Bmcyclupidie Mtthodioue. 1452. £ncycloi»d<lie ; ou Dictionnaire raisonni des Sdenoes, des Arts, et 

desM^Men, &c. Lausanne, 1781. 39 vuls. 8va 
Bmg. BoL &%. Englikh Botany. By Sir J. £. Smith and Messn. Sowerby. Lond. 1790-1814. 

36 vob. 8va An aliridged editioii, with partially coioured plates, is now (1838) publishing. 
Eng. Bot Suppl. 766. Suppiement to the English BoUny ofSir J. £. Smith and luessn. Sowerby } 
the Descriptions, Ac., by Sir W. J. Hooker, LL.D., and other emioent Botaaists. Lond., 1881. 
8vo. Continued. 
Bng. Fl. S44. See EngiiMh Flora. 
Bmgl. Gard. Cat. 1046L A CAUlogue of the Plants cultivated in tbe Gardens near London. By » 

Sricietv of Gardeners. Loiidon, 1730l Folia 
Engliah tiowmam; or TractM on Archery. S087. See BobertM*M EmgliMh Bowman, ^e. 
. BnggiMh Flora. 97. English Flora. By Sir J. E Snith. London, 18S4~182& 4 vols. 8va 
Bntomoiogicai Magatine. 90& Lond. 18.il. In quarterly Not. 8va 
Entomologicai Sociely^M TranMaciionM. 148a l^aitsactions of tbe Entomologieal Society of London. 

Lotid. Begun in 1884, and conMiiucd in Sva 
Eamm PL Vothyn. 15H8. See BcMier En. PL Voihyn, 
Bnum. Siirp. Ruth. ISIT. See Ammanm Stirp. Bnth. 

Bnmmeratiom af the PianU t^the BerUm Royat Gardem. 141 6l See WiUdenow*M EnumuraUom, ^c 
Ppitaphe deColardeau d Du Hamet de DenainoiUierM, le Frerede Du HameL 9474 
BJdthaUmUum. 1430. See Herrick'M EpUhaUtmium. 

Beeh. Mfm. Acad. Sdomc. PeterM. 54a Eschscholts In Mtmoircs of the Acad«my of Sdencei at St 
Petersbury. 



CC LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Stua tur Us BarmotUet rtgfyalet et Animalttdn Cking, VSSL Bf M. Mtsqali. (?Paiii. UB&) 

£tt^ m Jrekerf. fiOB7. See Uoeeleg*^ Estap em Ardterw. 

Eitey on Enelosme and PlanUeg, te., in Sootland. 87. See SuSkerland^t Ettaif, 4«. 

Ettatf cn Ftantatiaaa. 1S68. Vnw» Baeati, Vtfcoant St. AVbattx, Sllva aUrvuiii. Londoik IflT. 

Estay on Planting. 18a Essay od Planting. By the Rct. W. HaiolNixy. LsodOB, 1758. Bva 

Sttoff en Trem im Landteape. 14. See KeaaUcm^t Eeeay, ^c. 

Ettatft. 836. See Esttipt on Naturai Histor». 

Estaift on Natural Historp. 710l By Dr. Waiker. London, 8ro. 

Essays on Hutbandrjf. 8878. By the Rev. J. Harle. Loadon, 1764. 8vo. 

E^tudes de la Nature. 1307. See 5^ Pierr^t Ptudes de la Nature. 

EveUnCs Diaru. S9. Hemoire of John ETelyii, Esq., F.B.S. ; comprialng hU Diary /hmi 1641 to 

fJ06-6^ and a Selectton of htt familiar Letters. To which ii stdijoined the Private COrretpondence 

between King Charle* I. and Sir Edward Nicholaa» &c. Edited by W. Bray, Siq., F.A.S. 

Lond<m, 1887. 6 toIs. 8ro. 
Eeat FL 906. See Hook. Ex. FL 
Beploetatlon des Bois. 370. H. L Du Hamel du Monoeau, De rEscploitation de» Bob. Paria, 17M. 

8 vots. 4to. 
Ex. CenL 6BS. Jacobui BreTnius, Bzoticanun Plantana Centuriam. Gedani, 1678. Fol. 

F. 

Fab. EnL 1884. Ja Christ Fabricil Entomoh^ sTStemaUca emendata et audft aee. Ctasscs, 

Ordines, Genera, et Species. Hafhis, 179^1799. 9 ▼ola. Sva 
FabHe. Hetms. 9464. P. C. Fabricii Enumeratio metbodica Flantarum Httti lieaiti Bdmatad. 

iensis. Helmstad. 1759. 8vo. 
Aerfe Qeeene. 677. A poem by ^ienoer. 
Fairekild's CitM Gardener. 77. The City Gardener ; containing tbe most ezperienced Method of 

cultivating and ordertng such Erergreens, F^uit Trees, rlowering Sbnitaa. ftc, as will be 

omamental and thrive best in the liondon Gardens. By Thomaa MrcbikL 179. Paaph. 

8to. 
PUtMU Skepherdets. 1958. A poem by Beaumont and FletiAer. 
FamMlies des PUuUes. S103. See Adan. Fam. 
Farm. Mag. 101 Hie Fanner*s Magaxine. Edlnb. Sva 
Faun. Ins. Germ. 1884. 0. W. F. Panser, Fauns Inaectorum Gennanic» Iidtbu Niindieig. 

1793-18S3. 8vo. 
Fawkes's Bramkam Park. 8S0SL A poem. 
FeulUdelL 1876. FeuilKe (Louis), Joomal des Obaenratlons Pbyvtques, Mattafanstiq[ttea, et Bot». 

niaues faites dans 1* Am6rique M§rtdionale, ftc. Paris, 1714—1745. 4to 
FSJrs^ Additional Sapplement to tke Encgdopttdia of Agriculiure. 186. By J. C. Loudon, F.Lfiw, fte. 

Lond. 1894. Pamph. Sro. 
Flrst Ad dM onal Supplement to Bort. BriL VflS. By J. C. Loudon, F.LS., fta Lond. 1898. Pamph. 

8vo. 
First Amutttl Report cflSu Edfnburgk Btitanital Soeletp. 3590. Edinb. 1897. 8va 
Fisck. HorL Gorenk. 631. F. Fiscber, Catalogue du Jwdln des Flantes de Gorenki, ptht de Mosoou. 

1806. 18ma 
Fisck. Mise. Hisp. 1R94l Fischer (F.), Spanisebe Missellen Ai:. Dresden, 1801. 8vo. 
Fisck. MSS. 3iS. Fischer*s MS& 
Btcker*s Anleit. zsn' TrllffUJagd^^c. 1975. Y. F. Flsdier, Anleitung sur TyQffl^agl), eta 

Beytrag sur Forst- und J«gd-WiMenschaft Karlsruhe, 1816. Pamph. 
Fiee Hundred Points t^ Good Husbandryt 836. ; together wtth a Book of Httswiiiery, ftc.^BjrThomas 

Tusser. New ed. Lond. 1818. 8vo. 
FL Br. 8Sv. Sir J. E. Smith*B Flora Britannica. Lond. 1800—1804. 3 vols. 8vo. 
FL Cab. SHl. The Floral Cabinet. By O. B. Knowles aod F. Wescott l4mdon and BtnniDxfaMi. 

1837, 18S& 4to. 
FL Caroliniana. 180. T. Walter. Flora Caroliniana. Lond. 178& 8vo. 
Fl, Dan. 943. See Flora Danica. 
FL de rirg. 1956. See Flore de rirgU. 
FL Fr. 337. See Ftore Franqaise. 
FL Or. 388. See Plor. Qrteea. 
FL Hib. :087. See Mackay FL Hibem. 
Fl. Jnd. Odd. 5S71. Swarts (Olof), Flora IndlK OocidentAHs. Erlangeu, 1797, 1800, 18D6. S 

vota. 9vo. 
Fl. Mex. leon. ined. 713. Sesse et Modno, Flora Mexicana, looo. ined. loooibtu ab Ipso Sesse et 

Cervantesio curatis nondum edltis usus est Candolleus. 
JV. Vap. 583. See Tenore*t Flora Neapoiitana. 
FL Pur. 778. PhiUppe Picot De la Poyrouse, Flguresde la F1oie4es Pyr€n€es. Pftris, 1795. 

iSoi. Fol. / ■• , -, 

FL Wett. 581. Flora der Wetterau von G. Gartner. By Meyer und J. Schetbiua. 17S9— 1801. 

4 vols. 8vo. 
JTor. Onrr. 8(1. John Stbthorp. Flora GrsBca. Edhed by Sir J. E. Smtth, and continued by Sir 

W. J. Hooker, and Dr. Lindley. 
Flora. 178. See Pursk*s Fl. .imer. Sept. 

Flora Amerieame Septentrionalis. 8119. See Purtk FL Amer. Sept, 
Flora AngUca. 87. See Huds. Ft. AngL 

Flora Camiolica. 1456L Scopoli (J. A.), mora Camiolica. Vienna, 1760. 8vo. 
FloraDaniea. 153. Flora Dantca,stve Icones Plantarum sponte nascentiumln RegnisDmisvt 

Norvegis, &c. By Vahl, Homeman, and Muller. HdAiis. 1762—18991 9 vols. Wi. 
Flora Domestiea. 19812. Flora Domestica ; or, the Portable Flower«Garden. London, I88S. 'Sva 
Flora Edinensif. 8540. See Crrev. FL Ed. 
Flora GermatUca. 146. See Rotk*s Flora Germanica. 

Flora Heleetica. .160. See SuUr*sFlora Hdvetica^ and also GaudiWs Flora HOvet/ea. 
Flara Hunmrica. H6. Waldstein (F.) et KiUlbel (P.), Descriptiones et Icones f IsDtanxm mrt. 

orum Hunnri». Vlenna, 1808—1818. 4 vols. fol. 
Flora Italica. 164. See Bertoloni's Flora HaUca. 
Ftora LappotUea. 1S3. Carolus Linnseus & von Linn^ Flora Lapponlca. Amstdodani. 17S7. 

8ro, £d ed. By 8ir J. E. Snith. Lond. 1798. ^^ 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCl 

JRtom/a LonMoMi fil& Florula of LouWana. B j ProreMor Raflneaque. Mew York, 1817. 

Horm Lusaantea. 1414. ikx Brot. Flor. Ltu. 

Fiora MetropoiUana. 88SL Flora MetropoliUna; or, Botanical Rambles within Thirty Miles of Londoa 

Bjr Dauiel Cooper. Lond. 1836. ISma 
Flora l£ex. ic and MS& 71& See Fi. Mex. icon. ined. 
Flora NeapoUtana. 164. Sce Teniore*s Vlora Neanoiitana. 

Flora o/ Belgium. 14i. Lcjeune and Courtois, liorti Botanici Acadcfnicae Leodiensis Diicretionl 
adjunctUB} corOunctu ttudiis ediderunt : Compendium Flone Bclgicae. Uege, 1828 — 1831. 
Svola. 8va 
Flora <^Berwick «no» Ttoeed. 512. See Joknston^s Flora <if, 4v. 
Hora qfNante$. m. Bonamv, Flora Nannctensii Prodromus. Nann. 1782. ISma 
ftora qfthe Faroe Itlandt. 15l On tbe Vcgetation and Temperature of thc Faroe Islanda. By W. 

C Trevelf an, Esq. Publiabed in the Edinbi PbiL Joum. for January, 18d5i 
Fhra Peruviana. 1302. Ruia et Pavon, Flora Peruviana et ChUensia. Matriti, 1798, 1799. 5 

▼dls. fbL 
Flora ScttndinatfiA. 1S3. A. J. Retiius, FlonB Scandinavia Prodromui. Holmias. 1779. Ed. 2., 

Lipaio!, 1795L 8va 
Flora Seotica. 1457. Soa lAghtfooV Flora Sootica. 
Flora Scotica. 123. See Hook. FL Scotica. 
Flora Sileriaea. W3. See Krock. Fl. StL 

Fiara Snecica. 153. C. Unnasua, Flora Suecica. Holmiae, 174& Ed. 2., 1755. 8va 
Flora Tran^fL ISIO. Baumgarten (J. C G.), Enumeratio Stirpium Magni Transylvanin Pnncipatua. 

Vienna, 1806l 3vola. 8va 
Flora Tanrieo-Caucasica. 235. K R F. Marachall de Biebersfcein, Flora Taurico.Caucaaica. Clur. 

liovise, 18ua 8va 
Ftorte ^euUe Prodromut. 161^ See Gu»tone*s Flone Siculte, ^. 
Flore de VirgiU. 1956L A. L A. F6e, Florc de Virgile ; ou, Nomenclature m^thodique et critique 

dea Plantes, Fruita, et Produits v^^ux raentionn§a dana ses Ouvrogcs. Paria, 180SL 8va 
Flore Francaite. 692. .A. P. De CandoUe et Lamarck, Flore Franfaise. Paria, 1805—1815. 

5vola. 8vo. 
Flone Jawe. 2003. See Blume Fl. Jav. 

Florula Bostonientit. 1870. Jacob Bigelow. Florula Bostonienaia. Boaton, 1814. 8va 
ROgge Anm. Mut. 829. Flu^se in Ann. Mua, Scc Annalet du Mutie. 
Farbe^t Hort. Tour. 1926. Journal of a Horticultural Tour through Germany, Belgium, and Part of 

France, in the Autumn of 1835. By Jamea Forbca, A.LS., ftc. London, 1837. 8vo. 
ForettLauf. 1751. See ManwoodonForett Law. 
Forett Treet, fc. 695. The Manner of raiiing, ordering, and improving Forest and Fruit Trees, &c. 

By Moscs Cook. London, 1676L 4ta 
Foretter*t Guide. 1797. See MonteathU Foretter^t Guide. 
Fortk. .Xm. 335. See Fortk. JEgyp. Arab. 
Fortk. J^jfn. Deter. 767. See ForA. JBgyp. Arab. 

FarAaoll^gp. Arab. 1948. Petrus Forikaol, Flora £gyptiaco.Anbica. Hannise, 1775. 4to. 
Fartter MS. 1588. G. Forster^s M& 
For. Treet qfBiutt, in Jam. Joum. 217& A Paper on the Foreat TTeea of Ruasia. By Dr. Howiaon, 

in Jameson*s Joumal. 
Fortyth^t Chromologicat and Biographical Hittory. 80. By W. Forsyth, Esq. Not yet published. 
Fbmre Booket <^ Htidiandrie. 1774. See Googc*t Foure Booket qf Htubantlrte. 
Fr, BL 2147. £. Fries, Elenchua Fungorum, aiatena Commentarium in Systema Mycologicum. 

Gryphiswald, 181% 2vols. 8vo. 
Fragm. Fl ItaL 583. See Vi». Fragm. 
FranldbCt First Joumey. 1675. Sec Franklin*t Narrative. 
FrttnkUn^t {Captain John) Narrative qf a Joumey to the Shoret cf the Polar Sea in the Yeart 

181&-1822. 21S0. Lond. 1823. 4ta 
Franklin^t Joum. Append. 638. Appendix to the above, on various Subjecta relating to Natural 

History. By Dr. Richardson and J. SaUne, Esq. Lond. 1823. 4to. 
Frat. Cat. 607. See Frater^t Cat. 

Fraser*s Cat. 98a A Catalogue of PlantscuUivated in Fraser*s NuzBery, Chelsea. 
French Encydopadia. 612 Scc Encyc. M4th. 

Fries NotiL 1596. E. M. Fries, NovTtls Florae Suecicc Lunda», 1814. 4ta 
Friet SysL Mut. 1703. See Friet SytL Myc 
Friet Sytt. Myc. 2147. Systema MycoloMcum aistens Fungorum Otdines, Oenera, et Specics huc 

usque oognitasL Grypbiswald et Lundc, 1821—1823. 8 vols. 8vo. 
IMt Hitt. 581. Leonliard Fucha, De HistoriA Stirpium Commcntani insignea. Basilcs, 1542. 

Fol. 
AmfAvfMR. ^> Eve!yn's (John) FumiAigium ; or, the Inconvenience of the Air and Smolce 
of London dissipated; together with some Remedies humbly proposod. London, 1661. 
12mo. 
Fmrber^t Nurtery Catalogue. 9015. Catalogue of English and Foreign Trees. By R. Furber. 
Londoo, 17^ 8va 

o. 

<3«r<. iV. 358. See De Fruct. et Sem 

G/ert. Pruct 257. See De Fruct. et Sem. 

G4ert. Sem. 1441. See De Fruct. et Sem. 

Gagneb. AcL Heleet. 1706. Gngnebin (A.) in AcU Hdvetica Physico*Mathematico.Botanico. 

Medica. 1751, imd continued. 4ta 
Gareilatto. 1902. Wifibn's Translation of Garcilasso. 
Gard. Mag. 16. The Gardener*s Magasina Conducted liy J. C. Loudon, F.LS., &c. London, 23 

volSL Svo, to 1838. Continued monthly. 
Oardetter*t DMionary. 885. The Planter^s, Florisfs, and Gardener's Dictionary ; belng a practical 

Collection ftom the most approved Authors in the English Language, relating to thc al>ove 

Three Parts of Gardming, founded on Experience, worthy of Notioe, and adapted to the Ciimate 

of Scotland. By James Gordon, Nurseryman and Florist, at Fountiinbridge, near EdinburKh. 

Edinb. 1774^ 8vo. 
Gardemng. 2008L See Jamet^t. 
Garid. Afx. €31. F. J. Garidel, Histoire dei Plantes qui nalisant aux Environa d*Aiz. Aix, 1715. 

2 vola. foL 

a a 



Ccii LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Garten Jn$. 8144. See BmuM Naturgeteh. ^c. -^ ^ 

Gattr. Mont. 7G0. Gaterau, DeKription det Plfttites qui croiMent auz Environs du Montauban. 

MonUuban, 1789. 8to. 
Oaudin*s Flara Helveiica. 160. Gaudin (J.), Flora Helvetica. Tours, 18S8— 1830. 
Genealagtcal Htttory qf the Andent Family qf Heron. 9& A aenealogical Hiatory, &c. By Sir 

R. Heron. London, 180S. 4ta 
Gen. et CaL N. A. P. 13U1. Thomas NutUU, Tbe Genera of North American Plants, and a CaU. 

logue of the Specie*. Philadetph. 1818. 2 volt. 12mo. 
Gen. <ifN. Amer. Plantt. \ti. See Gen and CaL N. A. P. 
Genera Plantarum. SlOi. See Jiut. Gen. 
Genera PUmtamm. SlOSw See Lin. Gen. 

General Report qf ScoUand. 89. By Sir Jobn Sinclair. Edinb. 1791—1799. Sl volt. 8vo. 
General Survey qfthe AgHcutture o/Scotland. 102. The preaent SUte of the Uusbandry in Scot- 

land. Bj Andrew Wight. Edinb. 1778— 179a 6 volt. 8va 
Gent. Mag. 25. GenUeman*s Magaaine. London. Bcgun in 1731, and oontinued in moothlj 

Noa. 8TO. 
Geog. and HieL, te. S4S4. See Geograpkg and Hittorp qf tke Wettem Statet. 
Geography and Hittoru qf the Wettem Statet. S481 lliatory and Geograpbv of the MiHisstppi 

VaUey ; to which u appended a condensed Phvsical Gcography of tbe Atlantic, United SUtes, 

and tne wbole Ameriean Continent By inmotny FUnt Cindnnati, 1838. 8 vols. 8vo. 
Georgict. 1388. Dryden's Translatson of VirgU. 
Ger, Em. 69S. See Ger. Emac. App. 
Ger. Emac. 1010. See Ger. Emac. App. 
Ger. Emac AppewL £36. John Geraid. The Herbal ; or, General Hlstory of Plants gatbered by 

Jobn Gerard. Lond. 1597. FoL lailarged by Johnson, 16:13. 
Oer. GaUo-Prov. S3GL Ludovic Gerarde, Flora GaUo-Provincialis Paris, 1761. 8vo. 
Ger. Pro». 1064. See Ger. GaUo.Pro9. 
GeranTt Catalogue. 693L Jo. Gerard, Catalogus Axborum, Fruticum, ac PlanUrum, tam indige- 

narum quam exoticarum, in Horto Gerardi nascentium. Londoo, 1596. 8va 
GeranTt Berb. a4u The Herbal ; or, General History of PlanU gatbered by Jobn Gerarde, Master 

in Chirurgerie. London, 1697. Folio. 
Gerutaiemme Liberata. 9C7SL A poem by Tassa 
Getchiehte der Obttcultur. 478. Allgemeine Geschichte der Obst-Cultur, von den Znten der Ur. 

weUen, bis auf die gegenwartigen herab. By F. K. L. Sickler. Frankfort, 1808. 8vo. 
Getn. Jcon. PicL 1943. Oesner (Conrad), Opera BoUnica ex Bibliotbeca C. J. Trew. Edidit ct 

pne&tus ect C. C. SchmiedeL Norimb. 1 /51— 177a Foiio. 
Gi/io. BoL Prat. 580. Joh. Em. GiUbert, Histolre des Plantes d*Europe ; ou E06mensde Botanique 

pratique. Lyons, 1798, 8 vols. 8vo. 8d ed., Lyons, 1806, 3 vols. 8vo. 
Gitliet*t MSS. 559. Dr. GUUes^s MS. 
Girardin*t Ettay om iMndteapet &e. 1669. De la Composition des Paysages, ou des Moyens d*em- 

beUir la Natuxe autour des HabiUtioos, en y joignant l*Utile^ TAgT^able. Par M. L. R. Girardin, 

Vicomte d'£nnenonviUe. Paris, 8vo. Translated into EngUah under thetitleof*' An B»ay 

on Landscape, with an Historical Introduction, &c. London, 1783. ISmo. 
GmeL Fl. Bad. 763. Gmel. Fl. Bad. Als. 768. Carol. Christ GmeUn, Flora Badensis-Alsatica. 

Carlsruha, 1805—1808. 3 vols. 8vo. 
GmeL FL Silur. 1S9, GmeL SUi. 847. Job. Geoig. Gmelin, Flora Slblrica. PetiopoU, 1747—1769. 

4 vols. 4to. 
GmeL Itin. 1811. Omelin (J. O.), Travels tfanMigh Siberia, between tbe Years 1733-.1743. In Ger. 

man. Gottingen, 1751, I758L Sva 
GmeL Sytt. MO. Joh. Frid. GmeUn, CaroU LtnnciSystemaNaturs. Lugduni, 1796. 10 vols. 8to. 
Godtfroy CaL 756. The Catalogue of M. GodefVoy, Nurseryman, VUle d* Avray, near Paris. 
Googe't Foure Booket itf Hutbandrie. 1774. Foure Bookes of Huibandrie, coUected by Conradus 

Heresbachius, &c ; oontaining the whole Art and Trade of Husbandrie, Gardening, ftc. Newly 

EngUshed and encreased. Bv Bamaby Go<^ London, IhTJ. 4ta 
Gorter Ingr. 754. David De Gorter, Flora Ingrica ez ScheduUs Steph. KrascheninUcow, &c 

PetropoU, 1761. 8va Appendix, 1764. 
Gothe't Vertueh Uber die Metamorphote der Pfiamaen. 8S5. J. W. Von O&the. Vertuch uber die 

MeUmorphose der Pflansen. Stutu. 18S1. 8vo. 
Gwuin Detcr. du Ginkgq, 8094. Ant (Knian, Descfiption du Ginkgo bUoba. MontpeUer, 1818. 

4to. and 8vo. 
Gouan Fl. Montp. 337. Id., Flora Monspdiaca. Lugduni, 1768. 8va 
Gouan Herh. SSi. Id., Herborisations des Environs de Montpelier. Montpelier, 1796. 8va 
Gouan Hort. 1046. Id., Hortus Regius Monspeliensis sistens Plantas tum indigenas tum exoticas, 

&c Lugduni, 1762. Svo. pL 4. 
Oouan lU. 360. Id., lllustrationes BoUnic». Tigurl, 1773. Fol. 
Gouan Mont. 8464. See Gouan FL Montp. 
Gra^ PL Exticc. 8234. Grslfbr (John), A Descriptive Catalogue of upwards of 1100 Species and 

Varieties of Herbaceous or Ferennial Plants. London, 1789. 8va 
Cray*t Arr. 1123. Natural Arrangement of Britith Pbmts, according to thcir Relations to each 

othcr, as pointed out by Juasieu, De CandoUe, Brown, &c, including those cultivated for use ; 

wtth an Introduction to BoUny, in which the Terms newfy introduccd are explained. By S. F. 

Grav. London, 1821. S vols. 8vo, pL 21. 
Gre». Cirypt. 1933. Sec Grev. Sc. Cr. ft 
Grev. Sc. Cr. Fl. 2147. Scottish Cryptogamic Flora, or Descriptions of Plants belimging chiefly to 

the Order FungL By R. K. GreviUc Edinbi 1823— 18^*». 6 vols. 8vo, pL 360. 
Grev.Ft. Ed. \9iA. Flora Edinensis. Id. Edinb. 1824. 8vo. pl. 3. 
Grognier^t Recherchet Hittoriquet et Statitquet tur le Miirier, le Ver d Soie, et la Fabrieation de la 

Soterie, Sfc. 135& Lyons, 1826. Pampb. 8vo. 
Gron. Orieni. 132a J. Fred. Gronovius, Flora Orientalis, sive Recensio Plantarum quas Rauvolsius 

collegit Lugd. Bat 1755. 8vo. 
Gronov. et WaU. Fl. Car. 516. See FL CaroUniana. 
Gronoa. Virg. 1111. Id., Flora Virginica exhibens Plantas quas J. Clayton in Virginii collegit. 

Lugd. Bat. 1743, 4to. Ed. 8., Lngd. Bat 1762, 4ta 
Grote't Treatiteon Ancient Armt and Armour. 2087. London, 1785—1786. 4to. 
Guardian.im. The Guardtan. By Steele and others. London, 1714. 4to. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCIll 

CtMimm. Abb. Hoku 9S6. F. Ouimpd, AMdldung der doitichen Holzarten fUr Forttmiinner und 

Liebhaber der BoUnik. Berlin, 1815->188a 8 ▼olii 4to^ pL 216. 
OUUL lUn, 1058. Guldenitadt CT, A.), Reiien durch Ruuland, und in caucaiiichen Oeburge, 

heraucgcgeben von. P. L. Pallaa. Si Petenb. 1787. 4to. 
Guu. Cat. 587. Ja Clunone, Catalogus Plantanun, qus in Horto Regio auenrantur. Neapol. 18S1. 

8to. 
Guuone'$ Florm SicuUg Pro^romut. 164. Neap. 18S9. 
Gussont Pl. Jlar. 587. Id., Plant» rariorea per Rcgionee Samnii ac Aprutii ooUectc NeapoU, 1886. 

4tq. pL 66. 
Gittt. Ins. Suee. 181& L. OyUenbal, InaecU Suedca deecripta. Scaria et Lipa. 1806— 18S7. 

4 Yob. 8Ta 

H. 

Habl. intd. Taur. 94a HabUsra PbTdkal. Bcwbr. d. Tauriichen StattbalterNhaft nach ihrer 

Lage u. allen drer Naturreichen. Hann. and Otnab. 1797. 8va 
HttnkeBeob. S186. Thadcuc Hcnke, Beobachtungen auf Reiien nach dem Rieten-gebirge, &c. 

DreMlen, 1791. 4to. 
HaU. Helv. S499L Albert Von HaUer, Hietorla Stirpium indigenarum HelTetiak BcmB, 176S. 

3 vols. fol. 
HaiL llist. 1S75. See HaU. Heh. 
Hatknaeen. 90S2. A poem by Bumii' 
Hair» Sketchea in Canada and the United Staies. 8117. Fortr Sketchei of North America. By 

Capt. Ba«U HaU, RN. London, 4to. 
Hatr» Travel» in Scotland. 1681. TraTeli bi Scotland by an unusual Route, with a Trip to the 

Orkneys and Hebridee : containing Hinti for Improvement in Agriculture and Commeroe, with 

Characten and Anecdotei, and a Map and Viewi. By the Rev. J. Hall. London, 1807. 

8 Tolc. 8vo. 
Ham. MSS. 845L See HamU. MSS. 
HatniL MSS. 390. HamUton MSS. 

Handbookfor Traveiler» in Southem Germamy. 8115. London, 18S7. 8Ta 
Harbkesche Baumxueht theii» nord-ameriitenischer und fremder, tee. 190. By J. P. Du Bot 

1771— I77S. 2Toli.8Ta 
Harding*» Eiementary Art. 803. Elementary Art, or the Uie of the Lead-PencU advocated and 

explained. By J. D. Harding. London, 1834. Folia 
Harletan MS. 512. Harleian CoTlcction of Ma in the Britith Muieum 
Hartig*» Lehrbueh/Ur Forster. 8223. Hartig (G. L.), Instniction lur la Culture du Boii k 1'Uiage 

dee Foreetiert. Tranilated by J. BaudrillarL 1 toL 8Ta Parii, 1805. 
Hasted^s Kent. ^ See Seauties ofEngtand, ^. 
Haworth Lep. Brit. 1828. A. II Haworth, Lepidoptera Britannica, •iateni Di^eitionem noram 

Insectonui Lepidopterorum quie in Magni Bntannici reperiuntur, kc Londmi, 1803. 8Ta 
HawortKs Beview qf Eniomologu. 1480. In the Entomological Sociecy*! Tramactiom, toL i. 
Haworth Suppl. S5S7. A. H. Hawortb, Supplemeutum Plantarum lucculentarum. Lond. 1819. 

8to. 
Haworth Syn. Plant. Sue. 965. Id., Synopeii Plantarum lucculentanim. Lond. 1818. 8Ta 
i/aio. Supp. 2585. See Haworth SuppL 
Haw. Sup. Pl. Suc. 85S7. See Haworth SuppL 
HapiMf'» T4fe and Posthumous WrUing» qf WiUiam Cowper. 1761 Life and Poithumoui Writingt 

of WUliam Cowper. £m. ; with an Introductory Letter to the Right Hon. £arl Cowper. By 

W. Hayley, Eiq. Chicheiter, 1803-4l 3 toIs. 4to. 
Ha^ Abbild. 303. See Ha^ Abbtid. der deut. Holx. 
Haffne AbbUd. der deut. Holx. S66. Abbildungder deutschen Holxarten Air Fontmanner und Lieb- 

haber der Botanik, heramgegeben Ton F. Guimpel, entworfen und beichreibung Ton C L 

WiUdenow. in letxtrer Huckiicht fortgeietxt Ton F. G. Hayne Berlin, 1820. 4ta 
Hapne Den. 233. See Hapne'» DendrologUche Fiora. 
Hayne Dendr. 1455. See Hayne'» Dendroiogi»che Ftora. 
Haifne'» Dendrologitehe Ftora. 415. Dendroloeische Flora, oder Beichreibung der in Deutichland 

im freien auidauemden Holaegewochse. Von Dr. T. G. Hayna Berlin, 1822. 8Ta 
Hayne Term. Boi. 1014 F. G. Hayne et C. L. WiUdenow, Tcrmini Botanici ioonibui iUuitrati. 

Bcrolini, 1799. 4to. 
HB.et Kunth Nov. Gen. Amer. 503. Humboldt, Bonpland, ct Kunth, NoTa Gencra et Spedea 

PUntantm. Parii, 1815—1885. 7 toU. 4ta 
Head'» Coniinuation qfa Home Tour. 8549. Continuation of a Home Tour throtigh the Manuflic. 

turing DistrlcU of England, in the Summer of 1835. Bt Sir G. Ilead. London, 1837. 8vo. 
Headrick'» Forfarthire. 1(X). Gcneral View of the Agricujture of the County of Angus or Forfar- 

shire, with Observatiom on the Meam of Improvement, &c By the Ilev. Jamci Hcadrick. 

London, 181S. 8to. 
Heber'» {Bi»hop) Joumal. 919. Hd>er*i (Bishop) Journcy through India. London, 1830. 8 toIi. 

4C0, and 3 vols. 8vo. 
Hebrew Melodies. 1463. By Lord Byron. 

Hedw. P. Gen. 528. D. J. Hedwig, FiUcum Genera et Speciei. Lips. 1799. Folio, pl. & 
Heer. Obsenrationes Elntomolaricse, continem Metamorphoses Coleopterorum nonnullonim Turicl, 

1836l 8Ta 
Heinskingta, eiler Snorro Sturieson^s NonUansehe Kotmga Sagor. 8080. 
Hem. Diss. Tli. See Herm. Diss. 
Henry VI. 839. One of Shakipearc*i plays. 
Herb. Banks MSS. 1530. MSS. in the Bankiian Herbarium. 
Herb. Hanke. 1059. Hsnke's Herbarium. 
Herb. Beinwdt. 1168. Reinwardfs Herbarium. 
Herb. Thib. 34a Thibaud's Herbarium. 
HerbaL 1867. Sce Parhnson's Herbal. 

Herbai; or, Thcatre qf Plnnts, l(C. b'Z. See Parkinson's Herbal, t[C. 
Herbarium. 9d7. Scc WiUdrnow'» Hcrbarium. 

Herbarium Mauriianium. 542. Willemct (P. R), Herbarium Mauritanianum. Lelpsig, 1796. 8Ta 
Her^ordshire Beport. 884. (rcneral Vicw of tlie Agriculture of the County of Hcreford, ftc. By 

John Duncumb, A.M. London, 1^05. 8to. 

aa 2 



CCIV LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Herm. Diss. 7M. B. F. Hermann, Dtew de Roia. Argieiitoratl, 176S. 4ta 
"Herm. Ludgh. 2486. Fauluc Hennann, Flora Lugduno-Batavc Floret, cd. L. ZumlMcb. Lngd. 

BaL 169a 8Ta 
Herm. Par. 424. Id., Paradifut Bataruf, Opui poatbumum, ed. G. Sheraid. Lugd. Bat. 1096. 4to. 

Ed. 2., Lufd. Bdt 1705. 
Hem. Mex. 71^ See Hem. Mez. lcon. 
Uern. Mex. Jom. 713. Hemandes (F. G.)i Nova Flantarum, AnbnaUum, et Mlneralium Mcxlca- 

norum Historia : a N. A. Rcccho in Vdumen digccta, a J. T. J. FabrOb et F. Columna, Lynceis, 

Notis et Additionibuf iUuitrata. Romse, \65\. Folia 
Herrera't AgricuU%tra. 1S(J8. Gabr. Alonf de Herrera, Agricultun gencnl adldonada per 1a Real 

Sociedad Economica Matritensc. Madrid, 1818. 4 volf . 8va 
Herrick*i Epithalatnium. 1490. Henrick (R.), Hetperidef ; or, Worb botb Human and DiTine. 

London, 164a 8va 
Hiermhytican, Ae. 1720. M. Hiller, Hierophytioon, tive Commeotariuf in Loca Scriptune 8acne ^um 

nantarum Mentionemfiiciunt. Tr^{ecti ad Khen. 1725. 4ta 
HigklawU <tf Seoilandf Ac. 1224. An Economical Hiftory of tbe Het>ridee and HJghland» of flootTand. 

By John Wallcer, D.D. Edinb. 1806. 2 voU. 8vo. 
Highiami Soe. Traiu. 2161. See Higk. Soc. Ttams. 
High. Soc Traiu. 2165. ^uarterly Joumal of Agriculture; and tbe Priae Eftays and Traanctionfl 

of the Highland Sodety of Scotland. Edinb. 1828. In quaiterly numbera. Svo. 
Hinis OH tke Pianting and Oeneral Treatment qf Hardf Euergreen*. 512. Hintf on the Planting 

and General Treatment of Hardy Evergreena in tne Climate of Scotland, &c. By WilUam 

M*Nab. Edinbi 1881. Pompb. 8va 
Hitt. 717. Sce Historu qf the Arundel PttmOtf. 
HisL des Champs. 1701 Sce Roque's Hist des Ckatnps. 
Hist and Slat. 25& Lang (J. U.), An HUtorical and Statiftical Account of New Soutfa Walei . 

London, 1834. 2 vols. 12mo. 
Hist. des Plantes Pyr. 82U0. See Lap. HUL desPldes Pgri$Ues. 
Hist. du Japon. 1361. Kcmpfer (Engelbert), Hiftory of Jjqjan. Translated fhmi High Dutch, by 

J. O. Scheuchzer, London, 1728, 2 vols. folia Et traduite en Francais surla Verfion Anglaiae 

de J. G. Scheuchzer, La Haye, 1729, 2 volf . folio. 
BisL NaL Hymcnopt. 214a Lepaetier de Saint Fargeau, Hiftolre Naturelle dcf Insectef Hym6- 

noptdres, tom. 1. Parif, 1836. 8vo. (Part of the ** Suitef i Bufiba") 
Hist. Rei Herb. 16. Kurt SpfrengeL Hiftoria Rei Herbarise. Ama telodami, 1807. S voIl 8va 
Hist. cflnoent. ^e. 147. Historv or Inventionf and Diacoverief. By Jobn Beckman. Tnnflated 

by JohnftoQ. London, 1797. 3 volf . 8vo. 
Hietoire des Artres de PAmiriftte. 148. See Miche. Arb., ^e. 
Hittoire des Arbres et ArbrisseauM. 189* Hist<4Te def Arbref et Arbrifaeaux qui peuvent 6tre cultiv^a 

en pleine Terre f ur le Sol de la France: Parif , 1809. 2 volf . 8va 
Bistoire des Arbres Ibrestiers de FAmirique Septentrionaie. 189. See Mickaue^s Arbres Fou 

ritiers, Ac. 
Histoire des Chinea de FAmfHque. 189. See MickaueU Histoire des Ckines, 4fC. 
Histoire det Chiuet de VAmirique Septentrionale. 142. See Mickaus't Hittoire det Ckinet,^. 
Hittoire det Droguet. 78& Pierre Pomet, Hiftoire 0£n§rale dcf Droguea . ParLs, 1684. Fol. 
Hittoire det Platttet. 609. Jean Robin, Histotre def Pbmtef. Parif, 1620. 12mo. Printed witb 

the 2d ed. of Lonicer'f Hiftory of Plantf . 
Hittoire des Plantes du Damphint. 963. D. VUlan, Hif toire def Pbmtef du Dauphinft. GrenoUe^ 

178&— 1788. 3vob. 8vo. 
Histciredes Vigttaux PoseHes. 2111. By A. Brongniart. Parif, 18S8. 8vo, p1. 117. 
Histiore du ddre. 2411. See HisUrire du ddre du Liban. 
Histoire du Qdre du Liban. A Paper by Loifeleur Deflongchampf, publifhed in the Annales de 

r Agria Franc. for 1837. 
Histoire Naturelie des Hes Canaries. 1332. See Webb and Sertkolefs Histoire NatureUe, 4c. 
Historia Plantarum. 16. See Tkeopkrastufs Historia Plantarum. 
Hisloria Plantarum. 48. Sec Baj/*s Historia Plantarum. 

Hittaria SaUcttm. 1457. O. F. HofRnann, Hiftoria Salicum iconibuf illuftr. Lipfiae, 1786. Fol. 
Historical and Descriptive Aecount qf Persia. 2039. Fraf er'f . 
Hittory qf Craven. 371. See Wkataker^t History qf Craven. 
History qf Dublin. 117. Soe Walsk*t History afDuhUn. 
History qf Edinburgk. 95. See Amot^s History qfEdinburgk. 
History qf Ei^d. 41. Dr. May*f. 
History qf Mancketter. 21. Wbitaker*f (Rev. J.) Hiftory of Manchefter, in Four Bookf . Londoo* 

1771. 4to. 
Hittory qf Mexico. 3051. The Hlftory of Mexlco, collected fWmi Spaniih and Mexican Hiftoriam, 

ftc. Bv the Abb£ Clavi«era Translated by Charle* Cullen. Lond. 1787. 2 vola. 4to. 
Hitlory qf New EngiatuL SSW Dy J. Josfclyn. London.l^ 
Hittory qf Nortkamptonskire. 1777. Wballey (Rev. P.), History and Antiquitief of NorthamptoD- 

fhlre. Oxford, 1791. 2 voU. folia Compiled Arom the MS. of Mr. BridgefL 
Hittory qf Plantt. 1829. Ruelliuf (J.), De Natura Stirpium. Parif, 1536, Ibl. BasUia, 1543, fol. 
Hittory qf Selbome. YI5&. Natural Hiftory and Antiquiticf of Selfxime. By the Rev. G. Wbite. 

London,1813. 4ta 
History qf SomerteUkire. 1431. CoIUnfon (Rev. J.), The Hiftory and Antiquitv of tbe County of 

Somerfct. Bath, 179L 3volf.4ta 
Hittoryqftke Arundel Family. 717. The Antioultiefl of Arundel. The pecuUar Privneges of ita 
Castfe and Lordship ; with an Abstract of tne Lives of the Earls of Arundel firom tbe Conqueat 
to the prcfcnt Tlma Loodoii, 1766. 8vo. 
History qftke Cotmty ofDoum. 116. The Ancieot and Prefent State of the County of Down. Bj 

C. Smith. 1744l 8va 
History qftkeftrst Fourteen Tears qf Kmg Jamet. 787. By Slr Thomaa G. CuUum. 
Hittory qftke Mogul Empire. 785. Histoire G^n^ale de rEmpire du Mogul. Parb, 1705. 4to. 
Hittory qfthe Eote. 789. Rofenbeig (J. C), De Roaa iatrica Anbnadversiones et Exercitationcf 

Medic». Argent 16S4. 12mo. 
History of mUows. 145& See Hqff^m. Hist. SaL 
H. K. 357. See Att. Hort. Kew. 

Hqffiantrs Detcription qf Wkite KnigkU. 12& An Hiftorical Dcfcription of Wbtte Knightf. By 
Mr. and Ux%. Hoffland. Lond. \m. FoL 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCV 

MqgiH. nut 8aL 1498. 8m Bqffm. 8aL 

Hqffim. Sai. im Georg. Frans. Hofnnann» Hlitorla SdUcuiu looalbus Ulustr. Ltpdc, 1785. Fol. 

Hqintiaiuegg Fl. Pori. ISO?. HofffauuuGgg et Link» Flore PortugaUe. Roctoch et Berlin, 1806. Fol. 

Hogg on tke Oassieal Ptant* qf SieUv. IM. Seo IloggU obiervations, ^r. 

Mogg*s Obscnmtians on the Cianical PianU ttfSicUyTiQk An Article pubUabed In the Journal of 

BotanT, Sd scx. p. 34. 
HoUamrs Translatton 0/ PUny^s Naiural Hisiorff. 19. London, IflOl. 2 vols. folio. 
HoiabUtliotkrk^ 190. ( Woocl Library.) A tcrm givcn by thc Gcnnans to a «ixicics of Publication» or 

ratber portablc Muscum. A hundrccl or morc sorts of wood, with dricd •iHSclmcns of tbe leaves, 

flowen, sced, and wintcr*s wood, of cach spccies, are put loose into little cascs about thesUe of 

8vo volumes, and thesc are finiiuicd cxtcriorly like books, and the back lcttered with the name 

of the wood in diffbreut languages. 
Hom. Odgs. 17S3. Homcr's Odyssey, Pope*s T^anslation, with Notci by Gilbert Wakefleld. Lood. 

179& 8vo. 
Hime^s Eeery-Day Book. 900. Hone*s (W.), Evcry-Day Book and Tcar Book. Londoii, 18S& 

Svola. 8va 
Hoolt. BuL MisceL 511. Botanical MlsccIIany ; containing Figures and Descriptions of such Flants as 

rccommend thcmsclvesby their Novdity, Rarity, or Hiitory. By Slr W. J. Hookcr. London, 

1830-183S. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Hook. Boi. Comp. 1S45. Sce Hook. Comp. Boi. Mag. 
Hook. W. Jack. Comp. Boi. Mag. 1938. See Comp. to Boi. Mag. 
Hook. RrUish JFIora. 87. Britisn Flora ; comprising the PhBnqgainoua or Flowering Plantt, and tbe 

Fema. Id. Lond. 183(>— 1833. S voJs. 8va 
Hook. Kt. FL ISn. Ezotic Hora. Id. Edinh. 1823— 18S7. 3 vob. 8vo, pL SSS. 
Hook, PL TJor. Amer. 309. Flora Boreali Amcricana ; compilcd principally ttom the Plants col- 

lectod on the Northcm Land Expedition, under Command of Capt Sir John Franklin. Id. 

Lond. 18S(^1854. 4ta 
Hook. FL Seulica, 123. Flora Scotica ; or, a Descriptlon of Scottish Plants, arrangedboth according 

to artificial and natural Methnds. Id. London, liSSl. 8vo. 
Hook. Lonri. 769L Curtis*s Flora Londinensis, continuod by Sir W. J. Hooker. Lond. FoL See 

CnrL LcmtL 
Hook. ScoL 235. See Hook. Fl. Scoi. 
noole*s Tasso. 195& London, 1767. 2 vols. ISmo. 
Hom. CaL Hort. H<tfn. 345. Homemann (J. W.), Enumeratio Plantarum Horti BoUnici Hafbiensit. 

Hafh. 1807. 8va 
Hom. Hort, Beg. Hoff, S09I. J. W. Horaemann, Hortus Regius Botanlcus Hafhirasla. Hafhis», 

1815. 8Ta 
Ifoni. Ilort. Hafn. Supfd. 581. J. W. Homemann, Horti Rcgii Botanici Hafhiensis Supplementum. 

Haftaia!, 1819. 12ma 
HonficitCs History, /^., qfSussex. 1838. HorsflcUI (T. W.), The History, Antiquities, and Topo. 

graphy oftbeCounty ofSuflblk. Lcwis, 1835. 4ta 
Hori. Acad. Lugd, Bat. Cai. 45. Paulus Hermann, Hortl Lugduno-Batavi Catalogus. Lugd. 

Bat. 1687. 8va 
Hort. Anel. 647. Hortus AngUcus ; or, the Modera English FIower-Garden, &c. By the Author of 

the liritish Botanist London, 1822. 2 vols. 8va 
Hort. Brit. \. Hortus Britannicufc A Catalogue of all the Plants indlgenous, cultivated in, or 

introduoed to, Britain. Editedby J. C Loudon, F.L.S., &a Lond. 1830. 8vo. 
Hori. a^. 293. Corolus Linnaeus. Hortus CUffortianus. AmstcnL 1737. FoL 
HorL Eric Wolmm. 1079. Hortus Ericeus Wobumensis. London, 18Si. 
Hort. EpsL 1267. See BesL Eyst. 

Hort. Europtous Amcrieanus. 16. By Mark Catcsby. Lond. 1767. FoL 
HorL Herrenk. G40L See Hort. Herrenhaus. 

HorL Herrenkaus. 150. Wendland (J. C), Hortus Herrenhausanus. Ilanovcr, 1778—1799. FoUa 
HorL Kew. 36. See AiL Hort. Kew. 
Hort. Keuf. Icon. 1069. See AiL HorL Kew. 
HorL Par. 423L Hortus Parisiensis. 
HorL Lam. 319. See Lam. DicL 
HorL Soe. CaL qfPruits. 790. Catalogue of Fruits cultlvated in the Garden of the London Ilorti- 

cultural Society. Lond. 1826. 8va 
HorL Trans. 851. Transactions of the London Horticultural Socicty. Lond. 1815—1831. 7 vols. 

4ta New series oommenced in 1831, and continued. 
HorL Worlitz. 1238. Description of the Gardens of WorUtz. 
Horti Rega Hamptomensis. 40. M& No. 3370. in the British Muscum. 
Horiis. 2008. Oesner {C.\ Catalocus Plantarum AHihabeticus. Tfguri, 1542. 4ta 
Hortus Addiestonensis. 9ff. By Mr. Crce. Lond. 18S7. 12ma 
Hortus Americanus EuropeBUS. 69. Sce Hort. Europteus Aniericanus. 
Hortus Carlsrukanus. 152. Hortus Carlsrahanus, odcr Vcrzcichniss sammtUcher Gewftchsc, &c. 

Hcrausgegeben von Garten-inspector Hartweg. Carlsruhc, 1825. 8va 
Hortus Medicus Edinburgensis. 101 See Suikeriand^s Hortus Medicus Edinlmrgeneis. 
Hortus Eitkamensis. 23£ Joh. Jac DUlenius, Hortus Elthamcnsis. Londini, 1732. 8 vols. fcd. 
HSss AnleiL 1645. See Anieii. die Baume und Strducke Ocsterrckhs, 8sc. > 

Hoss*s Gemeiitfasdieke AnleUung, ke. 8205. See AnleiL die Bdume und StrHuehe Oesierreiehs, 4«. 
Host Ft. Ausir. 1393. See Host^s Fl. Ausir. 

Hott*s Fl. Ausir. 1454. N. T. Host, Flora Austriaca. Yicnn. 1897—1831. 9 vols. 8va 
Hosi*s SaL Ausir. 1454. Ho6t*s Salix. Vienna. folia 

Hott*s Synops. Ifisa Id., Synopsia Plantarum in AustriA crescentium. Vlndobonae, I7S7. 8va 
Honel Voyage en Sicile. 1968. Houel (Jean), Voyage Pittoresque dcs Iles de SicUe, de Malte, et 

de Lipari, &c. Paris, 1788. 4 tom. folio. 
HousL PhU. Trans. et Reliq. Housi. 1276. Houston in Pbilosophical T^ansactions : and Josephus 

Banks, ReUquls Houstonianie. Londini, 1781. 4to. 
HouU. PJUm». 235. See HouiL Pfi. Syst. 
Houii. Pfi. SysL 648. Mark Houttuyn, Dcs Rittcrs von Linn^ FflanieiMystem nach der Anleitung 

dcs Houltuynschen Werks. NUrnberg, 1778— 17Pa 14 vols. 8vo. 
Howeirs Hist. qf the World. 1853L An Institution of General Hlstory ; or, the Hislory of the 

World, ftom the Beginning, to the Dcath of Constantlne Ducas, Anno 1061. London, 

16G2. Folia 



CCVl LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Himllft Sook <^ a^ Seamt. 14/n. W. HowlU'i Book oT Ibs ScMDM ; or, t 
' 771. WlUiun HiidKD, Flon Andlca. LooiL 1715, 1 yc 
Pl. EiuM. 1173. Alnmd. F. H. tob HuiBblddl et BoDpli 



b« Truiuccloiu it Pon Jn 

ibandry o/ Scoliamd. 3fi9. Ad AcGOunt of the SntBP of HuAudrt ftdoptcd 
provcd Uinricli of °~"-'— ■ -- "■■■-■■ "•" "-- 



1, ISa Bio 



KUMire. nsa. Th< HiiloiTiIid Antiquifltiortbi CousETor 13on«,Ac. 



AenairBpUa Auftsa. 80. leoDesnpbia i or, the Nobtemwi, Onilt 
£e. Bj Stepbm ShUiw. Lood. 171S. StoLi. Sto. 

lUul. Srll.fitf, ItSS. SM'siQiAnC.ij^uI. 

u. 3M. a« niutrafioiH onif Daerfiitlmi qTMc OhkI 
4 oikt Detcr^tbiu i/ (tr CamfUleit. 3tS. Sh MaivU. 
a <^ tkt BciaKy, 4c., <(/' Ue f&iu^itvia Monnliiifii. ' 



m Agrl ETfoTilientii. 1409. By 



iifu. 173. S« Iblfll lUvl. Bd. Bu 
Lond. 1S37. iToli 8tii. 
iic, ioimiiig Voli. Vli uid VI 11. ortbe Libiiir; oTEii- 



. L Gjllahal, IHKCU SuFciu dacripU. Sisrli et I.ipa. ISEIS-ISST. 4 toIi. Sto. 
103. iou^Xi Pltlan dclYiumelait, iDitiluIianei RdI Hellurls. Cui. A. De JualM. 

IMmd.lB Bal. Wi. See Lmdl. Ii^nul. la Bal. 

IiUratudion to B^laMg. 7S. By Juoei Lee. <LoBd«i, 1760. Ed. i, 1765; ed. 8., 1776; ed. 4, 

IrtiJi FarmeT'! OMd Gat^. Mag. tCS. liUb Fumn'i iDd Oudfner'1 Miiailne. Cnnducted br 
HBitin Dojle and Edniunif MuiphT. InnHnthli numbcn. Dublln, liiSt, Std. 

Irith Taur. iHB. Touiin Itclandi Hilb genenl ObMnrMioni on Ihe Siule of tbit Cnuntcr, nudt 
inl776— im Bj «Rhur YDung. UubUn, 178U. £vaU. tjio. 

Irviv'' BracrbTidfie HtU. 17S9. BruArldge UiU; oi, tbe Huntouiut. B; GeoffiT Cnioo. 

/•1.7*1. Iiii, Ddei Encichipiidliche Zeit., heniuuegetKn Ton Oken. I-nne 4ta, moiitblT. 

HU nf FiUmt. mi. Wilua-> IPrortwi) lile oTFalnu, Citjof IheFlague, &c. lond. 2 

lHmaiifllicEKliea*eT.i3S3. Lond. IS37. Std. 

JIJB. Oirlei. 176^ Stukdr (W.], Itinciicium Curioium ; oT, in Account oT tbe AntJqultln ind 
Remukiblc Cuiioutlei obieiTed kn TnieU throiteb OieM Bntaln. 100 plua. Load. 



ducuu ipoiite cieicBnliura Icoom, ad Tloim colc^tie, « De«ctptkaaH» « SyBonjmU 
lUe. VlQnnB, 1773— 1778. fi Toli, rol. pl. SM, 

3£3r td, CoUectinciLiulBatimcum^Ac.ipcctuitii. VlodobonE, 1786— 17S0. t toU. Mo. 



'V.i -„-_- 

Jacq./. Ecl. S)«. Sr*Jaot./U.Ed. 
Jeoj.JII. EeL SS8. Joi. Fnoc. Von . 
Jaci). Frag. *M). N. i. Von Jicijuiii 
Jaai. Ger. GaU. Prof. 3X. See Cii 
Jacq. Hnrl. Sdiiin. eio. Id, Fiinti 

JM^. Hort. yin. SW. 'id., Hoitui 1 

Jacq.Iem. 9ffl. SeeJacq.Ieoa. Bi 
Jatq. Icm. Ear. 319. Id, lconn VI 



Jacijain Vcber den Ginkgq. I 



Vi^emli, leUi-IBl». Fol. ° 








nni. 


1797 


Vlndob>»«,l770^m6. 3 


.oli. 


fal. 


doboue, 1781— 17BS. StoIi. 
1, ett, ipccuntii. Vindobo 


?i. 


17T8 


T64-I7TI. *ftK. fol. 

eber deo GLnkgo. Wien. ISW. 


8.0L 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCVU 

Jmma TVilingMls. 1339. Janua Linguanini reierata, Lat., Anglicb, et Oallic^. By John Amo« 

Coincnius. Letni», 1631. 8vo. 
Jase*s Gleanings. 840. Gleaningt in Natural Hiftory. By Edward Josfe, E»q. London, 183S. 

8vo. 
Jemish Antiqmties. 190S. Moiea and Aaxon : or, thc Civil and Ecclesiaitical Rites used among the 

Ancient Hebrews, obserred ; &c. By Tbomas Oodwin, or Goodwyn. Oxford, 1622. 4to. 
Jchnsiom's (Dr.) Ftora qf Berwiek upon TweetL 51£. Flora of Bcrwick upon Tweed. By G. John. 

ston, D.D. 18S9 and 1831. S vols. 8vo. VoL 1. containing tbe Phsnogamous, and VoL IL the 

Cryptogamous, Plants. 
Jokns. Ger. 6S9. See Ger. Em. 
Johnson's Gerard. 243. See Ger. Em. 
Jour. Fkys. S4i. Sce Joum. de Pfwsique. 
Joum. de Pkysique. 18S8. Paris, 1773, and continued. 4to. 
Jour. R. Inst. 1491. Joumal of Science and tbe Arts. Edited by W. T. Brandeof the Royal Insti. 

tution of Oreat Britain. Lond. 181& 8Ta Continued annually. 
Joum. Acad. Sd. PhHad. 647. Joumal of the Academy of Natural Scienccs ofPhiladeiphia. 1817. 

continued. 8vo. 
Joum. Hort Tour. 1965. Sec Joumal qfa HortkuUural Tour. 
Joum. qf Boi. 1 195. Sec Joumat qf Sotany. 
Joum. of Geo. Soe. 1968. Joumal of the Royal Geographical Sodety. London, 1830—1837. 

7 vola. 8va 
Joum. qf Travels in Albania. S04fi. Some Account of a Joumey into Albania, Romclia, and other 

Provinces of Turkey, in 1809 and 1810. By Sir John Cam Hobhouse. Lond. 1812. 4ta 
Joumal. 8430. Sec MoorentfVs JoumaL 
Jbumal, &c. 919. See Bishop Heber*s. 

Joumai ^AgricuUure des Pays-Sas. 1354. Brassds. In monthly numbers 8vo. 
Joumal de Botanique. 1844. Desvaux, Joumal de Botanique. Paris, 1808—1814. 5 vols. 8vo. 
Joumaide/aSociStid^AgrieuUure Pratique. 1358. Paris, 1834. 8vo. 
Joumai d^Hist. Nat. 1843. Jouraal d'Histoire Naturelle. Paris, 179S. 8vo. 
Joumal des FMls. 616. Paris. 8vo. 

Jeumai qfa HorUcuitural Tour. 1243. By Dr. NeilL Edinb. 1883.1 8vo. 
Joumal oja Residencein Norvoay. 2173. See Lain^s Joumal. 
Joumal qf a Betidenee in NorvMsy^ during the Years 1834, 1S35, and 1836. 8304. See Laing^s 

JournaL^. 
Joumal qf Botany. 1414. The Journal of BoUny ; being a Secood Seriea of the Botanical Miscellany. 

By Sir W. J. Hoolcer, LL.D. Lond. 1834. 8va 
Joumal qfScienee. 1749. See Jour. B. Inst. 
Joumal qfthe Asiatic Sodety qflndia. 393. Lond. 1830. 8vo. 
Joumal qf the Transactions at Port Jaekson and Norfotk Island. 844S. See Hunier*s {Admirali 

Joum. 
Joumey, ^c. 786. Jouney ftom India to England, in the Tear 1797, ftc. By John Jackson. 

London, 1804. 8vo. 
Joumeyfrom Aieppo to Jerusalem. S410. Jouraey flram Aleppo to Jerusalem at Easter, 1697. By 

Henry Maundrell, M.A. Oxford, 1703. 4ta 
Juss. Ann. du Mus. 398. Jussieu in Annales du Muste 

Juss. Gen. SH. Antoine-Laurent De Jussieu, Oenera Plantaram. Paxis, 1789. 8vo. 
Juss. Gen. ed. Usteri. 1S6L Id., Ditto ed. UsterL Turici, 1791. 8vo. 

K. 

Ketmp. Amesn. Esottete. S5SL Engelbert Ksmpfer, AmcBnitatum Exoticarum Politlco.Phyrico. 

Hedicaram Fasciculi quinque, &c. Lemgow, IvlS. 4to. 
Ksenspf. le. 883. Id., lcones selectc Plantarum, &G. Londini, 1791. FoL 
Kal. 1478. See Sang*s Planter^s Kalendar. 
Kalendar. «51S. See Caleudarium Hortense. 
Kalm AcL Suee. 1359. Kalm in Ditta See Ditta 
KaimAmesn. llSiS. See Ameen. Acad. 
Kalm IL ISOL Kalm (P.), Travels Into North America. Translated by J. Forster. Lond. 

1770,1771. 8va 
Kasthqfer^s Voyage dans les Petits Canions, et dam les Alpes BhHiennes, 8876. Oeneva, 1827. 

8vo.' 
Keats's Poems. 1380. London, 1816. 8va 
Kemdon^s Essay on Trees in Landseape. 14. London, 1816. 
Kenricfs Ameriean OrchardisL 989. The New Amerlcan Orchardist j or, Account of the most 

valuable Varieties of Fraito adapted for CuUivation in the United Stotes. By WiUiam KenriclE. 

Boston, 1833. 8va 
Kenriek^s Ameriean SUk-<Srower*s Guide. 1351. The American Silk-Grower's Guidc ; or, the Art of 

raising the Mulberry and Sillc on the System of Successive Crops in cach Season. Id. Boston, 

U. S. 18S5. Small 8va 
Ker BoL Beg. 358. See Bot. Reg. 

Key to Strueturalt Phusiolog^aly and Systematie Botany. 9SSL See Lindley*s Key. 
Kvng^s Survey qf ihe Coast qf Avstralia. 9391. London, 1886. 8vo. 
Kirfy and Spence*s Introduction to Entomology. 618. An Introductinn to Entomology : or, Elements 

of the Natural History of Insects, ftc. By William Kirby,M.A.,&e., and William Spence, F.LS., 

&C. London, 1815, 2 vols. 8vo. New «i., London, 1886, 4 vols. 8vo. 
Kniph. Cenl. 1014. Joh. Hier. Kniphoff, Botanica in Originali seu Herbarium vivum, Centurls? 18. 

Hahe, 1757^1764. FoL 
Knoop PomoL 891. Joh. Heim. Knoop, Pomologia. Ed. Holl., Leeuwarden, 1758. Ed. Gall., 

Amsterdam, 1771. FoL 
Knorr DeL 1019. Oeorg. Wolfgang Knorr, Delicic Natune selecttt, oder Auserlessene, &c. 

Nuraberg, 1766-1767. S vols. fol 
Knorr Mis. 2^ See Knorr Thes. 
Knorr Thes. 12^9. Id., ThesaurusRel Herbarisehortensisqueumversalis. Noumberg, 1770— 1778. 

2 vola foL 
Kob. 8145. Walnc Ursache der Baumtrokniss der Nadel-wolder. Ntirnberg, 1786. 4ta 



CCVIU LI8T OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Koek*$ Camm. 1464l De SdlcUMii EuxoiMBlt CosnmenUUa Auctore O. D. J. Kocb. ErUDgen. 

18S& ISmo. 
Kroek. FL SiL 755. Ant Joh. Kiocker, Flon SUctiMft renorala. VratiilaTic^ 1787—1790. S Tote. 

Sra 
Kroek. SOe». 7«1. Sce Kroek. PL SU. 
Kih. Nao. Sp. Amtr. 909. ^H.B.ei KiaUk Kov. Gfm., ke. 
KunSk Noo. Gen. Am. 481. BeeH.B.ei Kimth Nov. Gen. ^. 



Zoft. PL Spr. Dee. 708L See LabiBard le. PtamL, ^c 

LaltaL No9. CaL 663. Labillanil^ (J. J.), Sertum Auatro.Caledooicum. Parii, 18S4. FoL 

LabOL No». HolL S57. Soe Lam. Spedm. 

LabiU. PL ^. 1813. Sce lutbillard Ic. PUmL, &c. 

LabilL Speefm. Noo. HoU. 2102. Jac. JuL LabiUanlidre, Norc HoUandis Plantarum Specimen. 

ParU, 18U4— l&OS. fi toIc foL 
LabUlard. Ic. Plant. Syr. S4M. Id., lconei Plantarum Syxic rariorum. Decadei t. Faiia» 1791^ 

1812. 5ToIa.4ta 
Lad^ qf the Lake. 8493. By Sir Walter Seott 
La Oerusalemme lAbcrata. 19SS. Scc Genualemme Liberata.* 
Lag. 'Oen. et Spee. 333. Mar. Lagasca, Gcncra et Spcciet PlAntarttm quas aut Notc aut nondum 

rect^ cognoaountur. Madriti, 1816. 4ta 
Laini^sJaurnatqfaResidenceimNorwajf. 8173L London, 18S6. 8to. 
Lamf['s Norv>ay. 1651 Soe Lain^t JommaL 

La Maiion de Campagne. 13S. Par Mada Aglae Adanion. Paria, 1886. 8Ta 
Lam. DicL Enci/e. £33. Jcan Bapt Monct de la Marck, Encyclop6die M^thodique BoUnique. 

Faris, 1783— 179& 4 Tola. 4ta VoL V. ct scq., tee Poir. IHcL 
Lam. m. 955. Id., lUuatration dei Gcnreiw 8 toIi. of text, and 900 pli. 
Lamareic MS. 1458. 

Lamb. Ocn. Pin. 1934. Sec Lamberfs Monogropht ^. 
Lamb. Pin., cd. 8. SSUS. Scc Lambert^s Monograph, Ae. 
LamberVs Monoeroph </ thc Genms Phuu. 18S. A Deicription of tlie Oenui Pinui. By Aylmer 

Bourlce Lambcrt, Em., F.R.S., Prca. Linn. Soc. &G. London, 1832. 2 toIi. 8to. 
Land Steward. 1223. Tnc Noblemon, Gcntlcman, Land Stcward, and Sunrejor^i Complete Guide, 

&a London, 1787. 8to. 
Landseape-Gardener. 189. Sce Davis*s {Dennis*s) Landscape-Gardener. 
Language qf mowcrs. 1464. London, 1834. 12ma 

L^Annua&e du CuUivateur. 615. L'Annuaire, &c Ptir G. Romme. Parii, 1795. 8Ta 
Lanth Ac. 430. Lanth (Th.), Diiicrtatio dc Acerc. Stnuburg, 1781. 4to. 
Lop. Hist. des PL des Pyrintes. 8209. See La Peyr. Abr. 
Lapgir. Abr. 353. Scc La Peyr. Abr. 
La Peyr. Abr. 58a Philippe Fioot de la Feyrouic, Hiitoire abrig€e dei Flantei dea Pyr^n^ 

Toulouac, lS13w 8Ta 
La Peyrouse Supp. PL Pyrcn. 2809. Id., Sumilcmcnt to tbc abOT& Toulouic. 1818. 8to. 
La Rosiire de Saieney. 798. ADrama, in Madame dcGcnlii'i Th^alre d^E^ducation. London, 

1788. limo. 
Lair. HisL Ginir. 2140. LatreiUe (P. A.), Coniid^rationi G6ntraloi inr lei Animaux compoiant 

lei ClaMGi dd Crustacci, dei Arachnidci, ct dci Inicctei. Parii, 1810. 8Ta 
Lauder^s Giljdn. 90. GU(jin'i Forcit Sccnery. Edited by Sir Tboi. Dick Lauder. Edinburgh, 

1894. 8ToliL8Ta 
Lawr. Ros. 750. A CoUcction of Roici from Natuxe. By Miii LawrenoiL London, 1799. Foi. 
Lavme Todd. 213& A noTcl br Galt 
La«M0»*« ManuaL 2157. Sce Agric. ManuaL 

Laxm. Nae. AeL Pet. 632. Laxmann in NoTa Acta Acad. Petr. See^oM Aeta., 4c. 
Le Bon Jardinier. 189. SecAmJard. 
Le Soianiste CulUvateur. 189. See BotanisU CuUiuaieur. 
Le Lemgage des Pleurs. 683. Parli. 12mo. 

VEcho du Monde Sonani. 8529. A French periodical. Farif , 1834, and continucd. 
Led. FL Boss. AU. IIL 787. ^ Led. Icon. 9;c. 
Led. Icon. PL Fl. Bots. 8338. C. F. Ledcbour, Iconei Plantamm noTarum tcI imperfecte oogni 

tarum, Floram Ronicam, imprimii Altaicam, iUuitrantci. Rig», &c.. 1829. Fol. pi. lOa 
Led^. Ind* HorL Dorp. Stgifd. 691. Ledebour, Supplcment to tbe Catalogue of Planti in Ooxnat 

Gardeo for 1884. 
Legacy,^c. 135S. By Samuel Hartlib. Ed. 2., 1651 : ed. 3., 1655. 

Lekm. Pat. Diss. 747. J. O. C. Lcfaman, Monograpbia Gcncris PotentiUarum Liptlc, 1820. 4to. 
LeUch RUehie^s Joumey to St. Petersbmgand Moscautt 1836. 625. London. 8to. 
Leiemne FL ^m. 798. A. L S. Lejcunc, Florc dei EnTironi dc Spa. Lidge, 1811— i8ia 8 toU 8Ta 
Lempriere*s Oass. DicL 1307. LcmpricrCi Ciamical Dictionary. 2084^ London, 1792. 8to. 
Lnid. Jaeaniea. 1880. A DeicripaTe Catalogue of the Lcnidontcroui Iniecti contained in the 

MuieumofthcEaitlndiaComnany. By Dr. T. Honfleld. London, 1823, 1889. 4Ca 
Les Agrtmens de la Campame, Ae. 367. Leyden and Amitcrdam, 1750. 4to. 
Les Annaies de Fromont. 189. Sec Annales de Fromont. 
Les Jardins. 2472. A poem by l'Abb6 DcUUe. 
Les Obs., 4t;., en Grice, AMe, et autres Pays Hrangers. 1554. Pierre Bdon, ou Bellon, Lei 

GbierTationi de pluiieun Sinffularit^i trouT^ei en Grtee, Aiie, Jud6e, E^gypte, Arabie Parii, 

1554, 4ta Ed. 2.. AnTcn, 1555» 8to. 
Ijcs Plaisirs du Geniiihomme Champ&re. 94L A poem by Nicholai R^>in. 1583. 
Les Roses. 749. Lei Romi. Par J. P. Redout§ : aTcc le Texte, par C. A. Thory. Parii, 1817. 

3 Toli. 4ta 
Les Vig4taux Risineux, Ac. 9051. Lei Veg^teaux R&ineux, tant indiglnei qu 'exotiquei. Far 

F. S. Dupleuy. Parii, 1802. 4 toIi. 8Ta 
Lesstn^s Synaptis Generum Compositarum. 1063. BeroUni, 1832. 8va 
Letter on a netu Way qf planting Acoms. 1787. See Method /or decreasing the ContutnpUon of 

TtmberintheNavy,^. ByT. Nichcdi. ^ 



LI8T OF BOOK8 REFERRBD TD. CCIX 

ZMm. ITTa LMUn ■ddrwed (o ■ t«ib( OwlknuB. (n th« Siil4«M tt UWntiin, ftc. Br 

£^i{«v ti7. LAiBn wriom br Uw taUJouihui Swlft, ind Mnnl of Ui FMHub, (ha tlw Ttn 
ITUa to 17M, PubUihcd tnm Ihe oriilul, wlth Vaut l^ J. Hiwksinntb. Lauka, nSt. 

I^On ixr li JtotMtr. eie. Lctln nir la SoUiilB, ftc Bj IL nucoli «• KonftUMui Puli, 

UOS llDHk 

L'B&. BUrp. Sai. SSS. S» UmriL SUr^ Nom. 

L-atTO. Cm 1010. C. Ii,L-Hirltls, Caniiua«ftiKiMBBatulcniii,ftc Fiiili,lT8& FoL 

i-HMt DHt. lom. UL, DliHrtatlimn, Bmpa LuilobM, Buctioa, Hkbiiuxti, Umwm9«>, 

ViifUU, Micluulli. Pirli Fol. 
1,'tliTil. Hen. far. 1419 L'H«riU« <n Hortiu PnlilcBiU, 
l.-lUiit. Strl. «7«. Sh I,'/filrU Scrt. AnmL 

L-airli. Srrt. AfA ]0m. Id., SerliiB Antlicura Hu Plul* nilcn, fto. Puta, 17B8. FoL 
1,-HtrU. SHrp. Nat. 63*. Id., 3(ilpa naic (ul oilnui cofnlUiL tuU, 17M. nu. S fUc, loL 
LHutainlfalmriatdilaaaM. 740. J, I. K. (JulUmw, Witiiln MitiinUo do li BoH. FMi, 



FarJ. EMlUc. Stnitiourg, 1799. 



« Oeniiqun Fnmctlia, ine dee Ni 



flfrtfOftximfhiit 17iO. Tfie Ili>ioiTo^licCliuich,uidEui^t^'iLlh 
J«a FoL 




h. Gq, LoncUoI. 179t. 

•nUniDi. LcidM. 1737; ed. 
„ HoliniM, 176*; od. ft. VI 

flct Lht. Gm, od, TliL 
u Cliabitluiu. Amet^oduri, 1737- 
lue UpHUeneii. Sockhol^lflS. 8< 



1737; ed. «., Lddie, 17Ui od. 3., LiUi 

od. ft. Vlciiii»,ntriiod. 7., eur. J. J. B. , 

»11. J. C D. ScbiebcT, Pcuocf Mma. 1739-17«, 



(d.t,17n. 



I PUDUmm, Ed. 1., HolralB, 1758, froli. Bvo; ed. i., Hohnla, 
3, VlndnbiHiiE, 17«^ ed. *., Iit J. J. Kelchinl, PruaiC Ifm. 1T7B, 
CU Willdenoii,B«ni1inl,179T— 18IO,9toU. B>a 
iCuli.STKenu Nalune. Luid- Bu. 1735. Folla 
rij, C Uuami STitoiie VeceUbiliuin. Ooainiie el QvQim, ITHi 

<t tlie Unnien Sodet; o( Loiidan. LoDdwi, 1791, nnd coBtinoed. 

u Llndentolpc (JJ, flon WlcUiagciidi. Stoekbolia, ITeo, Sro i 

IMe.cid.lSL CoacMUHBotuksi v. ngun, ftc, oT nremdcuriouiEioUeFluta. Bj 

Dt. UndleT, F.K.a.,A& Lond, IMI. FoL 
UiAAin.IViiM.TDI. Dr.LliKUeyiDthcHonicullunlSaclelT-eTniiBctlonL See Ooi. TVaiu 
UMdLlMlni4.laaat.mt. Id., Intniductionta&Niuir Loidixi, lB3t,STOi od.S., Ldb^ISSS. 
UmA Inlrat. *> H S. W. 8n LtMdlfgt hlTtdtaiOM a Ikr Natmi SaUcm. 
UadL LlM. Trami. aal. Dr. UDdlcjr in tbe UnDBU SnclEtr') Tnuwicdini. Sae Ue. nmt. 
IMf. MS5. ISM. Dr. Ui>dl*;1 ■■& 

LiMdLHai.SfU.iirBal.BSS. Sta Llmdltf'f IiHTttMiMoM ta Olc Natwrat StOem. 
LtitdLIIm.aai.11t. Id., Koevura Honccnpbla. LoDdon, IBEO. Sn, 
IJmdl. «HfM. a. Id., A SyDopele o( th* Britlrti Flon, ftc LoDdon, 1829. Smen Brc. Xd, & 

IJmllriiIwlrvbiltitMlf>aiNiilmtSgilaK.SXS. Id, An iDtraductlon to the Nilurel Bjitniii «f 

BaluT. London, 1S30, Bto. Ed. (. USSl 
IMdlrf *n- »5. U-i A R(t to Stnictiind, PbjnlDlotlcat, aod Sjntematic Boluiy, fcr tba nia o( 

Cbuck BrDr. Llndlcr,F.)LS,lkc. Loadan. ISJEl Sro. 
IMt EmMm. Sn. H. P. Link, Bnumentlo Piutenim Haitt Rc^ Sotuid BctcUnciMU lUa*. 

»-"i '»1, ISaS. IroUSTO. 

'■■■■ — ' '-T TlcaUditM HaliiarlttL 




JJIcTarM Pam -. 

Lai.Ai:!e&. SftL-OScrtAi 

Lat.laM.U9. BUthiu Ue LaUd wu Lcbtliue, SUiptum Iconei. AntTeralB^sei. «a. 
L-Otrfi Adamaria. K. Id., Siiipluni AdTciucli noTa, &c. Londco, 1006. Tal. 
Ltdt. Bm. <M. tX. lli* Bolukml CeUnet. STCoiindLoddl(eeudSoD4. Laodaa, UIT— 18M. 
S0TOl).IEuoudtli>. 



CCX LI8T OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Lodd. Cat. 479. A Catakwue of Plants, ftc, in the Hackney Ettabltchment By Mesin. LoddigeL' 

Publuhed annually. umo. 
Lo^ Be*. 107a Petr. LSfling, Rega Ul spantka landerna. Ed. Linn. SCockh. 1758, 8to ; ed. Oerm. 

Berl. 1766, 8to. 
Loes. Prust. WK Joh. Loewliut, Flora Prussica. Regiomonti, 1703. 4to. 
Loii. Fl. GalL BB6. Loiaeleur DGslongcbamps, Flora Gallica. Parisiis, 1806, 1807. 2 toIs. ISmo. 
Loit. Herb. Amat. S56. M. Loiaeieur Deslongchamps, in Herbier de TAmateur, a French 

periodical. 
Lota. Not. 575. Id., NoCice sur les Flantes i i^outer k la Flore de Frenoe. Paris, 1810. 8Ta 
Lotj. Nom. Diet. S77. Loiseleur des Longcbarops (J. L. A. K)t NouTeau Dictionnaire d'Histoire 

Naturelle. 18 Id, continued. 36 Tolt. 
Loiseieur Dettonechamyt Hittoire du Odre. dlll. See Hittoire du Cidre. 
London a$ut WUe^t Beiired Gordener. 364 Tbe Retired Oardener : belng a Translation of 

Le Jardinier Solitaire^ ftc. By George London and Henry Wise. London, 1706. 8 toIs. 

8to. * 

Londom Hbrtieultttral Sodet^t Catalogue of FruU». 738. See HorL Soc. Cai. qf Fruitt. 
London Hortfcultural Societ^^t Irantaelfont. 103. See Hort. Trant. 
iMnieer^t Hiatory qfPlmUt. 609. Lonicenis (A.), Botanioon Plantarum Historiae eflmmdem ad 

TiTum artiflciosd expressis loonibus. Fraok£ 1565. Folia 
Laudon^t H.B. 389. See Hort. Brit. 
Lour. Coch. 2S6. See Lour. FL Cockin. 
Lour. FL Coekin. 679. Joannes De Loureiro, Flora Cochincbinensia. Ullysdpone, 1790, S Tob. 

4to ; £d. 2., cur. C L Willdenow, Berolini, 1793, S toIs. Sra 
Lot0ik't Trant. 1717. New Translation of Isaiah, ftc. By the Rev. R. Lowth. London, 1791. 

ISma 
Ludur. Ectypa Veg. 1343. C O. Ludwig, Ectypa Vegetabilium Udbus medicia destinatorum, ftc 

Hallc, 1760. Fol. 
lifonHerb. 1111 Lyon*s H«rbariani. 
I^fonnet Mfm. Pottk. 18S1. Lyonnet (P.), Recherchessur TAnatomie et les M^tamorphoses des 

diflbrentes Espdoes d'Insectes. OuTrage posthume, publii par M. W. De Haau. Paris, 

183S. 4to. 
l4fton*t Ewtiront qfLondon. 43. EnTirons of London, ftc. By the Rer. Danid Lysons, A.M., ftc. 

London, 179& 4 toIs. 4ta 



Maebetk. 919. One of Shakspeare's Flays. 

Mackay FL Hibem. S153. See Mdekay^t Msk Flora. 

Mackay't Flora Hibemica. 1118. See Mackay't Iritk Flora. 

Mackay't Iritk Fiora. 107. Flora Hibemica : comprising tbe Flowering Plants. Fems, Cbaracese, 

Musci, Hepaticc, licbenes, and Algs of Irdand, &c By J. T. Mackay. M.B.I.A, ftc. Dub- 

Un, 1836. 8Ta 
Mackay^t IJst t^Iri^ Ptantt. 575. A Catalogue of the Flants found in Ireland, witfa Descrtptiona 

of some of rarer snrts. Id. Dublin, 1825. 4to. 
Mag.qf Bot. and ZooL S147. Magazine of Zoology and Botany, Conducted by Sir W. Jardine, 

Bart. ; P. J. Selby, Esq. : and Dr. Johnston, in 1836, 1837. Continued now (1838) under 

the title of Annals of Natural History (including Gcologr), superintended by tbe same 

gentlemen, in coi^unction with Sir W. J. Hooker. London, 8to. Published erery two 

months. 
Magaz. Encyclop. 1888. MiUin*s Magazin EncycU>p6dique, ou Jouroal des Sdences, ftc. PariB. 

1795, &c. 8Ta • .» r— 

Magaxine qf Nat. Hitt. S1. Magasine of Katural History. Conducted by J. C. Loudon, F.LS., ftc. 

Lond. 1888w 8to, publishinK in monthly nwnbers. 10 toIs. now publisbed (18^). 
Magn.Bot.m. See Magnol BoL 
Magn. Hort. Monsp. 606. See Magn. Montp. 

Magn. Mon^ 19U6. Id., Hortus Regius llonspeliensis. Monspelii, 1697. Stc 
Magnol Bot. 889. Petnis Magnol, BoUnicon Monspeliense. Monspelii, 1686. ISma 
Mattland^t Hitt. qfEdin. 87. Maitland's (W.) History of Edinburgh, ftom its Foundation to the 

presentTime. Edinburgh, 1753. Folia 
Malcolm^t London. 78& Londinum Redivivum : or, an Andent History. and Modem Deacription. 

ofLondon. Lond, 180S-1805. 4to1s, 4ta 
Man. S154. See Agricult. MamtaL 
Manning and Brm^t Surrey, S5. The History and Antiquities of Surrey. By Owen Mannino, 

Lond. 1804. Folio. 
Mant. 692. See Lin. Mant. 
Mantitta. 8095. See Lm. Mant. 
Manioood on Forett Law. 1751. Tteatise on the I^ws of the Forest and of tbe Purlieu. By Jotan 

Manwood. Lond. 1565. Sm. 4to. 
MamocVt Fl. Mag. 251&, Maroock*s (R.) Floricuitural Magasine and Miscellany of Gardening. 

Lond. 1836. in monthly Nos. 8to. 
Maroft BecueU det Plant, S[c., deplusieurt dct Ckdteau*, Grottet» ^c. 1538. Parls, 1661. 
Marquit, Ettai tur les Harmoniet Vfg^talet el Anhnalet du Ckine. 178S. See Estaiturlee Har- 

moniet, S[c, 
Martk. Arb. Amer. 499. Humphrej' Marsball, Arbustum Americanum : the American Grore. 

ftc. Philadelph. 1785. 8Ta 
Martk. Ptant 1309. See MarskaU, ^c. 
Martkatl on PlanHng and Burai Omament. 1S90. Planting and Rural Oroament, &c. Lond. 1785, 

1 Tol. Sto; ed. 1, Lond. 1796, 8 vols. Stc Mr. MarshalVs name is not put to either edition 
Mart. Fl. Butt. mi. Flora Ru«tica. By Thomas Martyn. Lond. 1798— 1794. ^toUlSto 
Mart. MiU. 319. See Martyn't Milier. - « «• 

Martin et Biot, Ditquititionum Mugicomm Libri Sex. S080. Lugd. 1608. Folia 
Martyn^t MiU. 303. See Martyn^s MfUer's DfctUmary. 
Martyn's Milter^s DictUmary. iiao. 6ardener's Dictionary ; or, a complete System of Horticulture. 

Bt Philip Miller, F.R.& Lond. 1759, S toIs. fol.; bnproTed edition, edited by Professor 

Martyn, Lond. 1807, 4 toIs. foL 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCXl 

Masqm ^ Queen$. 936B. By Ben Jodsod. 

Matetia MetUca, 1841. Fr. QtoOroy, TrictBtus de IfafterlA Medicft. Paris, 1741, SToIt.Bvo. 

Venctiis, 174SL S voU. 4to. 
Nattketo o» Naoal Timber, ^e. 1980. On Naral Timber end Arboriculture ; witli critical Notei 

on Authon who have recently treated on the subject of Pianting. By Patriclc Matthew. 

Lond. 1831. Royal 8va 
Maiik. Hi$t. ms. MatthioU (P. A.), Commentaria in Diosooridem de MateriA MedidL Venice, 

1S6& FoL 
Matth. Valgr. 978. MatthioU Ouera qu« eztant omnia, edldit C Bauhin. France, 1508. FoL 
Mauad'» Botank Qarden. 853. The Botanic Oarden ; or, Magaxine of Hardy Flowering Plants 

cultivated in Oreat Britain. By B. Maund, Em]., F.L.S. Begnn in 18S4, and continued 

monthly. 
M*C»M. DtcL 677. See M*CaUock's Dietionarv,Ae. 
MPOUlock** Dictkmarw qf Commeree. 2iS4^ A DicUonary, Practical, Theoretical, and Historical, of 

Commeroe, &c. By J. R. M*CuUocfa. Ed. 8. Lond. 18^4. 8vo. 
Meck. Mag. 465. Mechanic*s Magaaine. Lond. 188S— 1837. 87 vols. 8vo. Continued. 
Med. FL 47a Medical Flora ; or, Manual of the Medlcal Botany of the United SUtes t>f North 

America. By C. S. Rafineeque. Philadelphia, 18S& 8 vols. 8vo. 
Med. Ge$ck. 874. Medicus (F.), Oeschichte der BoUnik unterer Zeiten. Munich, 1793L 8vo. 
Medieai Botamy. 465. See StepAenson and Ckurcktii'$ Medieal Botany. 
MedMcal and PkUoeopkical Es$a^. 2089. Essays, MecUcal and Experimental ; to wbich are added 

Select Histories of Diseases. By J. Percival, M.D. Lond. 1767— 1778. Svols. 8va 
Meerb. leon. 1018. NicoL Meerbuig, Plantarum selecUrum loones pictc. Lugd. Bat. 1796w 

Fol. 
Mebnae*$ {Lord) Letter to Speneer Perdoal, E$a. 1809. Pamph. 8va 1810. 
Mem. et Corr. qf Pepjf$. 8603. Monolia or Samuel Pepys, Bsq.. ftc London, 1888. 5 vols. 

8va 
Mhn.de De$mttret$inJotaiudePhif$lque. 199& See Joumalde P kifetq u e. 
Mim. de FAead de$ Seien. 1738. See Mimo»re$ de PAcad. de$ Sciemce$. 
M(m. de la Ru$$ie Miridionale. 687. By Desoemet 
MSm. de rin$titut. 1385. Mimoires de l'Institut Natlonal des Sciences Mathfanatiquea et Pby. 

siques. Faris, 1797, and oontinued. 4to. 
Mim. Mu$. 1988. Mtooires du Mus^um d'Histoire Naturellc. Paris, 1815» 1816L 4la 
Mim. Saen. Matkl de V In$titut.,ke. 17h7. See Mim. de VIn$t. 
Mim. Soc. Imp. Mo$q. 708. See MHn. Soe. Imp. Nai. Mo$e. 
M(m. Soe. Nat. Cur. Mo$. 1458. See Mim. Soc. Imp Nai. Mo$e. 
Mim. Soc. Imp. Nat. Mo$s. 1938. M^moires de la Sociite Impfiriale des Naturalistes de Moscoo. 

Moscow, hom 1785. 4ta 
Mtm. $urrHi$L Nai. du Ckine. 1788. M^moires, &c. Par M. De SecondAL Paris, 1783. Fol. 
Mem. Wtm. Soe. 1857. Memoirs of the Wemerian Natural History Society. Edinbuigh, 1811, 

and continued. 8va 
Memoir. 614. Memoir on tbe oommon Acacia. Paris, 1786. 
Memoir addre$$ed to tke Sodety qfArts, on tke Planting and Bearing qf Poreet T)ree$, ^. 617. By 

W. Witbers, Esq. 
Memotr on tke Daie Palm. 148. By A. Michauz. 

Memoir an tke Boad$ qf Ceakalania. 2388. Bv MaJor-GeDeral Napler, LomL 1835. 8va 
Mimoire $ur le$ Ckine$. 1906. Louls Bosc, Memoiros sur lcs dilRr.ntes Esp^ces de Chifies qui 

croissent en France. Paris, 1806. 4ta 
Mimoire $ur ie Figuier. 1369. By fiemard, in the Joumal de Physlque. Tom. 89i 
Mhnoire $ur le Zeikoua. 1409. See Mickx. Mhn. $ur le Zeikoua. 

Mimoire $ur le$ Marron$ d'lnde. 147. Par M. Bon de St. Hilaire. Paris. I2roo, and in 4to. 
Mimokre $ur ie$ Pin$. 140. By Fougeroux de Bondaroy ; publisbed in Ibe M6moires de 1* Acadteile 

dcs Scienoes. 
Mhnoire$. 8145. M&noires pour servir k l'Histoire des Insectsi Par C De Geer. Stockbobn, 

1758-1778. Tom. 7.4to. 
Mimoires de VAeadimie de$ Scienee$. 140. M6moires de liatbtoatique et de Physique, 

pr€sent£s i rAcad&nie Royale des Scienoes, par divers Savans. Paris, 1750, and con- 

tinued. 4to 
Mimo/resd^Agriculture. 136. Mtaoires d*Agrictttture, d'E^conomie Rurale et Doracatique, Ae. 

Paris, nS— 1791. 84 vols. 8vo. 
Mimoiree pri$enii$ d VAcademie de$ Sdencee de SL Peter$bourg. 176i See No». AcL PeL 
Mimoiree sur le$ Conifire$. 8096. Mimoires sur les Conifdres et les Cycad6es: ouvrage post- 

hume de L. C. Richard, torminfi et publi^ par Achille Richard fils. Stuttgard et Paris, 

1886L 8va 
M4moire$ $ur ies d^ffirenlee E$piee$ de Ckine qui eroissent en ^oifof, et $ur ee$ E^irangere 

k VEmpire qui $e euiiiveni dan$ le$ Jardim ei Pipinibre$ de$ Enmron$ de Paris, itc. 

1788. By Ludov. Botc. Published in the M6m. de Tlnstit. NaUonal de Flrance, for 

1807. 
Memoirs. 2203. See Walpdie$ Memoire. 
Memoire qftke American Academy qf Art$. 6M. Memoirs of the Ameriean Academy of Arta aad 

Sciences. Boston and Chariestown, 1785, and continued. 4ta 
Memoire qftke Liierary Society qf Mancke$ter. 1651. Memohrs of the Literary and Philosophical 

Socicty of Manchcster. Warrington, 17S5— 181& 8va 
Memoire qfike Mi$$ionarie$ in Ike Levant. 2409. A Collection of tbe mos* toteresting Mlsaionary 

Voyages, &e. Londoo, 1805. 18ma 
Memoire qftke Rouai Acadeuqf qf Scienees at Madrid. 243& See Anale$ dela$ Ciene, Nat. 
Mewtoria BaUiimrunuu 86i Sce Sibbaldr$ Memoria Ba^ouriana. 
MemoriaU o^ Oeford. 9(/7& By Dr. Ingram. Oxford, 1838— 1807. 3 vok 8vo. 
Mer. Fl. Par. 765. F. V. M^rat Nouvelle Flore des Environs de Paris. Paris, 1818. 8va 
Merry Wive$. 1756. Shakf peare*s Merry Wives of Windsor. 
Meikods/or decreasing tke Consumption qf Timber M tke Navy, ^. 1787. By T. Nicbola. London, 

1793. 8vo. 
Metkodu$ Plantarum. 53. See Raifs Metkodus Plantarum. 
Metgger*$ CaeUe qT Heidelberg. 147. Historical Description of tbe Castle of Heiddbeig Oardens» 

ftc. Heidelberg, 183a 

hb 2 



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Mateo. 9486. Ward*! (H. O.) Mexleo in 18S7. London, S Tob. 8vo. 

Jl«y. f%r«. PJUUBt. Cme. WSf, If ey«r (C. A.), VcndcfaniM der Pflanitn weUbe walircDd dcr, fto. 

PetexBburg, 1831. 8Ta 
jeOreiar*i8keiekutf tke Murttime CoUmiei </ Britkk Ameriea. 811& London, 1888. Sra 
Miek. Arb. 961. 8oc J#/c*mw'« Arbret Jbreetiers, 4«. _ ^ 

Ifidb. i7. Aw. ilnwr. 857. Andrfi Micfaauz, Flora BonaU-Amcrtoana. FatiiUa, UM18L 8 

▼ob. 8voi 
MMb. Ge». 118& F. A. Michell, Nora Flantarum Oenera. Floreniia, 1789. FoL 
Mickmte^e Arbret 4ePAmMum. laS. See Mieka^t Arkrra, te. 
MiekoM^e Arhrea ForeeHkree de PAm^rique. 81UL Andr§ Flran^. Mickaus flla, HMolre d« 

Affetce fbrcetien de l'Ani^ue Seotentrionale. Faria, 1810—1818. 3 toIil 4ta 
MiekamM*9 Hieta/re de» Ckinee AmMaaee. 1864. Andri Micbaux, Hiitoire det Cbteet de 1' Amft- 

rique Septentriooale. Faili, 1801, fol^ ed. Oann, k Kcme, 1808. 
MiekM.JU. N. Auier. %JL 1873. Andrt I^ancoto Micfaaux, Nortfa.Amcrioan Sylva; or, a Dt- 

■cription of the Forect Treei of tfae United SUtei, Canada, and Nora Scotia. Tranilated fknm 

tfae Frencfa bjr A. L Hillbouae. Faria, 1819. 3 volt. 8to. 
Miek*. Mhm. ««r le Zeikama. 14091 A. Fnuic- Micbanx, Mteulfe fur le Zellcoua. Faria, 1881. 
Miekz. Quer. 1869. See Miekamx^i HisMredet Ckdmet. 
Midaammer NigkVi Dremm. 90L One of Shaupeare'! Flayi. 
MOL le. 961. Figuret of the Flanta dcKribed in tbe Gard. DicL By Fhilip BffUler. LandoQ, 

1760. 8toU. foL * — r 

MiU. lUutt. 399. Johan. Mitler, lUustratio Syttematif SexualU IJnn»l. Londini, 1777. Fd. 
MiOer^t DicdMar». H. Tba Gardener'i IMctiaDarT. Br PhiUp MiUer. London, 1731; cd. 9. 

1733: ed. 3:, 1737; ed. 4., 1741; ed. 5., 1747; ed. 6., 1758; ed. 7.. 1759; ed. 8., 1768; ed. 9., 

•ee Martjfa*i Mffler. 
Milme'i Bttamieal DieOomarp. 77. A Boftanioal Dlctionary. Bj CoUn lOlne. Loodon, 1770. 

8va 
Mimmtet om tke Metkod adtpted kf Mr. Rokert Turmer qf foletmg Oakt. 1801 la Oard. Mac;, 

Jfirter Mtm. Mut. 8468. Mlxbel in Mfmoirea du Muatem. See Mim Mmt. 

Mirror. 9081. Tbe Miiror of Uteraturc^ Amucement, and Inatnietion. London, begun in 1888, 

and oontlnued in weeklr Not. 8to. 
Mite. Writimgfj ^. 9U4. Erclyn^t MiiceUaneoua Wriftingi, cdited bj Upcott London, royal 4ta 

Miteellameomt Traett reUMmg to Naturai Hittoru, ke. 1338. Bt Bei^iamfai StUlingfleot LoDdon, 

1759, 8vo ; Ed. 8., 1782; Sunpl. by F. J. Brand, 1781. 
Mitthmarp Jomrmal 8411. See Wotrt Mittkmaru Jaurmat. 
MUek. Oem. 377. See Miek. Oem. 
, Mitk. AeL Aead. Nat. Cur. 1007. See Noo. Aet. Nat. Cur. 
MeLeagTt Eeport to tke TVmniiy. ■188& Rcport to the TKaaury upoo the Stale of the Btans Ui St. 

Jamesti and Hyde Parka. Publisfaed in tne Edin. PhiL Joum., Na xxxi. art 18. 
MNab^t Himtt om tke PlamUmg amd General Treatmemi qf Bardy Svergreemo. 117& See Himtt mi 

tke PUmHmg, 4v. 
M*Nab't Treattte om Cape Heatkt. 1091. A Treatise on the Propagatlon, CultiTation, and general 

Treatment of Cape Heatbs in a CUmate where tiiey require Proteetion during the Winter 

Months. By WUUam M*Nab, Superlntendcnt of tbe Bot Uanl. Edin., fta Edinh. and Lond. 

1839L Sra 
Moe. et Sette FL Mea. leom. imed. 843. See Moc. et Sett. Fl Mea. 
Moe. et Sette Fl. Mea. le. imed. 713. Sce FL Mea. leom. imed. 
Moe. PL Nutk. Mocino (Jocef), DrawUigs of Plaots ooUeeted by hUn at NooUa Sound. Nbt 

published. 
JfanM* LoL Ado. 1948. Mceneh Ui dltta See Ditta. 
Mttmek Metk. 834 Connd M<eoch, Metfaodus Plantas Horti et Agri MaiburfensU desaibeDdl. 

Maxbuigi, 1794. 8ra 
Mcemek Smpi. 837. Id., Supplementum ad Metfaodum, Ae. Mazburgi, 1808. 8?a 
MeemokWAt. 778L Qea Meimek Weittentt. 
Meemek Weitoenet. 1657. Id., Veneicfaniss audandiicher Baume dcs Lustsehloiies Wdasensftdn. 

Francf. 1785. 8va 
MoL Sag, tuUa Stor. Nat. dei CkUt. 94S. Oior. Ign. MoUna, Sagglo sulla StorU naturale del CbUi 

Bologna, 1788. Sva 
MoBma*t Hittorw <if CkUi, ke. 94S& Loodoo, 1809. 8toU. Sva 
Momog. Ihfmem. lekm. Affim. 1897. See Hutmem. Monog. 
Momog. Rot. 748. PraneTiUe ( A. De), NomcocUture raUonnfe des Bsptee^ Variftis, ct Sous. 

▼arifit^ du Oenre Rosier. ParU, 1818. 1 toL Sva 
Momograpk. 9432. 8«e Lmmk. Qen. Pin. 
Mamograpk qf Amerioam Kimet. 48L Raflnesque^s Mooograph ot the American Yinci in hU Medical 

fiora, Tol. 8. 
MonteUk't Foretter^t Ouide. 8a The Forester*s Guide, &a By MooteUh. StirUng, 1819. 

Ifmo, plates. 
MtmOUIg Reeiew. 1795. London. 1740, and oontlnued tUl 1808. 
Moorero/1't JoumaL 9430. Mooreroftl TmTcU in Ladak, Kashwir, Bokhara, &c. London, 

1837. 
Moore't Anaereom. 791. Odes of Anacreon, tntnslatedlnto En^Uh Veme, with NotcL By Tbomaa 

Moore, Esq. London. 8 toU. 19ma 
Jfor. Oit. 96d Joan Bapt. Morandi« Hlstoria BotanicB praotica. Mediolani, 1744 FoL 
Mor. Pr^elud. 1941. Robert Morison, PrBludia Botanica, pan 1. Londini, 1688. Sro. 
MoreTt Tkiorie det Jardint. 188. Thforic dec JardbiB. By N. MoceL Faria, 1778, 8va Im- 

proved edition by C. Morel, 1808L 
Morif. Blemek. 68& See Elemek. Sard. 
Morit. Owom. 934. Robert MorUon, Plantanim Historia unimsalU OxonitnsisL Oxonli, 1680» 

9toU. folla 
Morit. Stirp. Sard. 538. See Elenek. Sard. 
Momimg Gkroniele. 1511. A London daily Newspaper. 

Morrii Fl. Conap. 981. Richard Morris, Flora Conspicua. London, 1886. 8ra 
Moteleitt Etioii an Arekerv. 9067. Woroester, 1799. 8va 
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""V-t Ksm. Jct. Soe. Nat. Scm. Btral. ISOi. 3« JVMI. M»., fc. 

Mai^ait., Simi, a JESn. in, «r Agf. IMt. HUblBilMri, SiBU, uil saB[>, tn Ann. BK 

Jim.ifBM. 
MUIateTfC^fiiVmi^tlimAmnic-mPlmiU.m. Hnr. HUkkDbn, Cauloru 

Amii&t '■—""' — '- ■ '— ■""■' "— 



Vm^'! NMtoaad Aml. ITSS. A pacm. 

Mmrr^ iM an SUbcorm. tasj. Bm Mtrrtit'! OttntUnu, ^ 

Mmrrm^t En u f L lam^ ^ia qf Otorr^ f hw, 171 An SDcrelflMiUBDfQcotniihT.caaiirUfiiM a conplMfl 
DsciipUon o( thc ^nh, phfilial, lutiulcnl, drlt ud pollUcal, ftc Bf Iluih Humr. 
F.K.aE.,ac. LmdDQ, 1833. 8m 

HWray-(OMrMMiufliMcSiawpn& ISSa ObwnUou db thi SHkmrm,*!:. Br Johs Hiunri 

Jfcrr. Mm Ohm. OW. IOW. J. a. HumT >» >*<". COnn., fte, Bte Mw. Cnni ObU, 
Mmaeu m Jtmiicmm- 1390. Hiucum Rusticuni d CoiDnMrciAle : or, Sekct Pnpcrt on AaricultiiT^ 
CoauHR*, »c. R»lHd iiid dlfHUd br Hrml HiuiIhi cT Ihc audMT Ibt tlic EDCOUtafciIKlit 

Nmd M SMtb iKnbeth, iku Loixloii. Br 
Jb. f). Air. Aiur. 30:)- 9cc Mlclt. Fl. Bar. Jm 



SaL Blit Jatit. JSBS. HIMoln MMurcllc du Jortt, &c. I>u H. lc Conte O. De Ruouniowik/. 
H_i Dij _* ,*- ■"_*.. -# rk.&^ AxK *« ^.» *7wiiTdB « Vcturtl Hlitcfj ot thc Countj of 



In Ibc Qtrden of Jidiii BlKkbum. Eiq., Ac 
tankM tccunihiiii 97itcm« omoloilcuiil, Ko 



PoCenHni. Pirlilltct Araen Mm l, IBia. m& 
Ide to thc Loalitlci c^ tbs nrci Plinti of 

Mc SnAHdfcuorf* Nunrrf. 74B. B^ T. 

rftw immrammtma. Hnv. wc Braaigri nm iinmcnMEi, *i. 

IfeB Pbniter^ KakKdor. ■030. Tfa« nintcrl Ralaidir ; or, tiicHuiHiTnuguidFomter'> Guldc 

iBlbcOiicntioiHDfthcNuiHn, Ibe Farcil, tnd Ih* SniTc. B^ tfaElitc Wilter Nicel, cdllcd 

■nd eoDpMcd bi E. Bh«. EdAib. laai Sicu 
Sim mKMa gf OardaUiu. 30, Ncw PitiKlplti of Oardcnlnt i n, tbc LailDf oul Pnitun*, 

Onm. Wiacnata, Cd^nthi, ATcnuta, Pvti^ ftc London, 11». 4Ia 
iror rorTh™, ISSS. Ameilan Fnnncr. lnj^odtD.1 N«. Neii Vork. tia 
Ifi—iin'! iHelAMfV, 31«. A Hailne Pnekrt DkUnbai; o( thc IliiUui, Spanlih, PoitugutH, ud 

Occnw LuwtHM, &e, Ry Hcnr; Neamin. London, 1799. 12nia. 
Skk. (*•. t^tJK. 6h«iTitlont on Ihc Prc«(Ulon ind HiutRDcnl oT Oik TWrl <n (cncriU, 

but nwi:* puticululr inilrlni to Hii Hi)eit|i'i Ncw Foitit In Hun^atalrt; 8DU(himp(oa, 

KktoTi BU. Lrteat. HI3. CollccnoDi towardi th« HiiliirT uid AntlqulUct ef tb* Town ud 

CDunn Df LdccttcT. London, 1798-1798, 1 Toti. «a 
llkkeWil»i^niHaiu.'im. NichoU (J.J, llluttiUloni ortlieHuinen iiDd£i]i«iNi or Andent 

-nmci In En|l«d. LoBdDn, I79r- 4to. 
rfirtfJ^. Die WanJer, adrr Pmeafotu Bme, 4«. OSO. BciUn, 1333- Std. 
XfmWi UUUncal dccUM Llbeart. ». London, ITO!- Sio. 
r. nniiiii'1 iUcKiiwnv. GOS, Stc Niexmmt', Dictiimarf. 
Ncti. Jit. Fttkleri. 13». Sce Naii. Jhrd. Fnta. 
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" - - Stcmleri Nametdalar. 

. im. Aug.dc PronTinc, Nomniclitura Riunnte do Eip^eca, Vulltti, 
"-inRoiler. FuU, I3U. Std. 
. Sec MlcM. fCBm. Jmer. 



CCXiy LI8T OF BOOK8 REFERRED TO. 

Note Hittortqme mr U GkUvp. 9097. Rechercbef wm l'HUtolre dei Cyprte, ek Note Hlttoriqae eur 

le Gink^ bflotM. Par fl. J. L. A. Loiseleur Deelongcbam|M. Puit, Im, Pampb. Sm 
Vame. DicL tTHiti. Nai. SiOS. See Nomveam Dietkmnau^ ^. 
Nw9. Duk. 8d9. See Du Ham Arb. Now. 
Nou». Joum. de Pkffsiq^. 1823. See JounuU de P^^que. 
Noao. Mim. de la Soe. Imp. dee Nai. de Moeeou. 365. See Mim. 8oe. Imp.t ^c. 
Notupeau Cours d' Agrieuituret 675. See Nouoeau Cours eotiudet. 
Noupeau Cour» compiet. ISS. Nouveau Coarscomplet,ou I}ictioiiiuireraiKmii6d*Agricttlture. Par 

let Hembrei de U Section d*Agr. de rinttitut. Paris. ISOSi 16 toU. Bro. 
Nouoeau Dictiounaire d^Hittoire Naturelie. 465. PkrU, ISia 56 rolc 8vo. 
Nouoeau Du Hamei. 1S8. See Dw Ham. Arb. Nouo. 
Nou. Act. N. C App. 2350. See Nov. Aei. Nat. Cur., ^c. 
Nov. Aet. Nat. Cur. Bonn. 936. See Noea Acia Natune Curkuorum. 
No9. Aet. Pei. 632. Nova AcU Academi» Sdentiarum imperialit PtetropolitanaB. Petropoli, 

1783—1837. 4to. 
Noe, AcL Soc. Nat. Serut. BeroL 1501 See AeL Soc. ScruL BeroL 
Nooa Aeta Natura CurioMorum. 2141. Nova Acta Physico-Medica AcademiB CaaareaB Leopol- 

dino-CaroIinc Natune Curioiorum. Boons et Nuremberg, 1757 to the pretent Tim& 4to 
Nov. Comm. GoiL 1U48. Novi Commentarii Sodetati* Regic Scientiarum GfittingeDiif . 1751 to tbe 

preaent llme. 4to. 
Noett HoUaiuUm P/amtarum Specimen, 356. Bj J. J. La BUUrditre. PvUiit, 1791—1818: 5 

volc 4to. 
Nuneru Catalogue. 2015. See Fkrber*» Nureery Caiaioaue. 
NutL Gen. Amer. 30a Thomas Nuttall, The Genera of Noitb- Amerioui Piantf, and a Catalogue of 

tbe Spedet. Pbiladelpbia, 181& 2 voU. 12mo. 

O. 

Oboerw. EntemuL 2141. Dr. Heer*a Entomologicid ObMrvatioot. 1836w 

Obeervatkm» de» Singulariti». 1910. Pierre Belon, ou BeUon, Let ObeenratioD* de plurieun Sngu- 

larit£« trouvto en Gr^, ftc Paris, 1554, 4to; ed. 2. Anven, 1555, 8va 
Oboervation»^ 4«., c» Scotiand. 92. Obtervatioas reUtive cbiefly to Ficturesque Beauty,made in the 

Year 1776, on sevenl ParU of Orcat Britain, and particularly the HighUnds of Scotlaod. By 

W. Gilpln, A.BL, *c. Lond. 1789. 2 voU. 8va 
Ob»eroaikm»faiU» dan» un Voyage, ^. WfJ. Pallas (P. S.), Observations fkites dans un Voyage 

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1799 et 1794. Lcipsig, 1801. 2 voU. 4ta 
Obterva/ion» on Oak Tree», 4rc., in a Letter to tke Earl of Chatham^ 1787. See Nicholt Ob». 
Ob»ervation» on ihe Con^erte. 2104. See Obeervatkm» on tke Con^te qf Neto Zealand. 
Obtervatiou» on the Conifer»» qf New Zeaiand. 2101. By Mr. O. Bennet, publUhed in Lambert*t 

Plnus. 
Obeervaiion» on the DJ»ea»e» qf Tree». 1213L WiUiam Fonyth, Observations on ihe Dlseases ot 

Trces, ftc. London, 1791. 8va 
Otfy»»ev- 835. See Hom. Odf». 
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1771—1782; voU.6. and 7..Auct M. Vahl., 1787—1805; voL8., Auct J. W. Homeman., 1806— 

1816. 8 voU. fol. 
Oelhitf. Abbild. 2066. C. C. (EUiafen, Abbildung der wilden Baume, 8cc NUraberg, 1767— 

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Qfflce qf n'ood», ^r. I804u A ParUamentary Report 
OidfUUC» Anecdote» qf Arehery. 2087. Anecdotes of Arcbery, anclent and modem. By H. G. 

Oldfleld. London, 1791. 12mo. 
OUv. Ene. M(th. 1929. See En^e. Mith. 
Oliv. Voy. 1847. See Olivier*» TVavei». 
Oliv. Voy. dan» VEmp. Ottom. 1928. See OUvier^» Traoel». 
Olioier*» Travei». 1860. TraveU in tbe Ottoman Empire, Egypt, and Penia. By G. A. OUvier. 

Lond. 18Ul. 2 voU and atlas. 4to. 
OUvier*» Voyage. 813. See Olieier*» Travet». 
On Nav. Tim. 1953 See On Naval Timber, ^c 
On Navai Timber. 140U. See Matthew on Naval Thnber. 
On Permanent Coitmr». 1911. ExiwrimenUl Researcbes conceroing the Pbilocophy of Permanent 

Colours, and the best Means of producing tbem, by dyeing, CaUco.printii)g, &c. By E Ban* 

croft, M.D. London, 1794. 8va 
Ort. Decad. 559. Cas. Qamez De Ortega, Novaram aut rariorum Plantarum Horti R. MatritensU 

Centuria:. Matriti. 1797— 179a 8 voU. 4to. Tlt gen. 180a 
OA. Itin. 541. Pebr. Osbcck, Dagbock cefer en Ostendyck Re». Stockbolm, 1757. 8vo. 
Oeierreiche» Alkfemeine Bnummcht. See Ho»» Anleii. 
Oiio'» Garten Zeiiung. 1.765. See AU^emeine Garienxeitung. 
OuU. Geog. Di»tr. 7^. See Wat»on*» OuiUne». 
Ouiiine», 4[C. 257. See Waiton^ ^. 
OutUne» cf Botany. 9SJ. Outlinos of Botany ; including a General HUtory of tbe V«getable King- 

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Ovid. MeL, Hl. Ovid*k Metamorphoses. London, 1773. 2 voU. 12ma 

P. 

PalL A»lr. 697. Peter Slmon Pallas, Speclei Astragalorum descriptc ct loonibus Uluitralm. Upeise, 

18(J0. Fol. 
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Paila»'» Flora Bossiea, 156. Id., Flora Rossica. Petropoli, 1784 et 1788. 2 voU. foL 
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PalL <Vbv. Act. Pet. 632. Pallas in Nov. Act. Pet, B^ Nov. AcL Pet. 



LIBT OF BOOK8 R£F£RRED TO. CCXV 

Poff. Nord, Beiflr. SnO. Id., Meue norditcbe Beitn^ sar nbyiiloiUwhen, ftc. FeCenlx und 

Leii». 1781— 179& 7 Tola. fol. 
Pamer Fanna In$. Germ. 1489. See Fam$. Im. 
Paradiae Loat. 2128. A poem by Milton. 
Paradiie qf PUnU*. 515. Adam in Eden j or, Matiire'* FaradiM^ ftc. By Willlam Cole, Herbaliit 

London, 16S7. Fol. 
Paradieeondtke Peri. 9010. A poem by Moore. 
Paradinu. 717. See Parkineon*» Paraditl in tole. 

Parad. Lomd. 813. Paradisua Londinensi*. By R. A. Saliibury. London, 1805—1808. 8 volf . 4to. 
Parie*s Ckma. 847. Hiatorie of the Great and Higbtie Kingdome oT China, and the Situation there. 

of. Tranalated out of Spanish by R. Parke. London, 1588. 4to. 
Park^ Hampetead. 1391. 'rhe Topography and Natural Hiatory of Hampttead, in the County of 

Middleaez. With an Appendix or Original Recordf. By Jobn Jamea Farlc. Lcmdon, 1814. 

8va 
Parkiasoa*s Htrbal, or Tkeaire qf PkaOs. 58. The Tbeatre oT Flanti ; or, an Herball of a laige 

extent ; with numeroua wood engraTlngt. By John Farkinaon. Lond. 1640. Fol. 
Parkin$oa*s ParadM in solt^ 58. Paraditi in fole Faradisus Terrcatria ; or, a Oarden of all Sorta of 

Fleaaant Flowera, which our Engliah Ayre will admitt to be noursed up ; with a Kltcben 

Oarden.Orcbarde, &C. By John Parkinson, Apothecary of London. London, 1688. FoL 
Parkinson*s Tkeat. Bol. 1908. See Parkinson*s Herbal, ^c. 
Par. Lom. 283. See Parad, Lond. 

Paseaiis*s (Dr.) Treatise om tke Mvlberry, ite. 1368. Mew York, 1830. 8to. 
PausoMias Lae. 1441. Fausanias's Descnption of Greece. 
Pao. Dias, As Mtm. Acad. Beg. Med. Mat. 9498. Jos. PaTon, Dissertacion botanica sobre los 

Oeneros Toralia, Actinopbyuum, &e. Madrid. 4to. Aa quoted in M6m. Acad., ftc. 
Pugton*s Mag, qf Bot, 1140. Magaaine of Botany, and Register of Flowering PlanU. By J. Paxton, 

F.L.S., &G. Lmidon, begun in 1834. and continued in monthly Numbers, large Syo. 
Pilertnage d JirusaUme, ^, 9412. par R. F. M. J. Oeramb. Faris, 1834. 
Pen. Cye. 3U6. See Pennit Cye. 

PemumCs London. 2070. Account of London. By Thomas Pcnnant. London, 1790. 4Ca 
Pemm§emtek*s IDr.) Works^ in Prose and Verse. 94l Geographical and HUtorical DeMSiipUon of the 

Snire of 'IVeeddale ; with a Miscellany, and curious Collecti<Hi of selcct Scottiab Poema. 1715 

and1814L 4to. 
Pemm Cue. 899. Tbe Penny CyclopSMlia of tbe Society Ibr the Diflbaion of UseAil Knowledge. 

London. In monthly parts, folio. Begun in 1833, and 10 toIb. published. 
Pemnit Magaxtne, 1396. A periodical paper puUisbed in London, weekly. Begun in 1898. 
Perambalaiions qf Kent. 85. Perambuiatlon of Kent ; cootaining the Deicnption, HJatory, and 

Custoros of that Sbire. 
Peree Foresi. 786. A Romance. 
Peremual Caiendar. 1083. The Ferennial Calendar and Comnanion to the Almanack, illustrating 

tbe Erents of every Dar in the Year, ftc. By T. Forster, M.B., F.L.S., ftc. London, 1894. 8to. 
Pers. Enck. 331. C. H. Fersoon, Synopais Flantarum seu Enchiridium Botanicum. Farls, 1805 

and 1807- 8 vols. 18mo. 
Pers. le. Pkt. 2148. Id., Icones plcta Specierum rariorum Fungorum, ftc. Paris et Strasb. 1803. 

8 ftsc. 4to» pl. 18. 

Pers. Mjfc, Eur. 8147. Id.. Myoologia Europmt. Erlang, 1888—1828. 3 Tola. Sro, pL 30. 

Pers. Obs. MyeoL 183& Id., ObservaUones Mycologicse. Lipsia, 1796. 8to. 

Pers. Sun. Vi&. See Pers, Snek. 

Persia m Mimiatmre, 786L By Sir Robert Ker Porter. 

Pertkskire Beport. 8354. Oeneral View of the Agrieulture in the County of Pto-tb, ftc. By Dr. 

James RoberUon. Pertb, 1799. 8to. 
Peti9. Gam. 1116. James PetlTer, Oaiophyllacium Natur» et Arti& Londlni, 1708—1704. 5 

decad. IbL 
Peliv. Mms. 9059. Id., Musci PetiTeriani Centuriss Deoem London, 1695. 8to. 
Pk. FL Amer. Sept. 859. Frederick Fursh, Flora Americana SepCentrionalis. Londco, 1814. 

9 Tols. 8to. 

Pkarsalia. 1794. Lucan*s Pharsalia. Rowe*a Translatlon. 

PkiL Mag. 1388. Fhilosophical Magaiine and Joumal. By Alex. Tillocb and lUchard Taylor. 

London, 1796 — 1826. 68 toIs. 8to, contlnued under the name of Philosopbical Magasine and 

Annals of Chemlstry. By R. Taylor and R. Phillips. London. 1827—1898. 11 vols. 8va 
PkU. Mag. Sscr. 738. A further Continuation of the Phllosophical Magasine, under thenameof 

the London and Edinburah Philosophical Magaalne and Joumal or Sdence. By Skr Dmrld 

Brewstcr, R. Taylorjand IL Phillips. Liondon, 1832. contlnued. 8to. 
PkU. TVams. 83. Tiie I%iloaophlcal Transactions of the Royal Sodety of London. Commenced 

In 1665, and continued to the preseut Tlme. London. 4lo. 
PklL Trans. Abr. ¥k An Abridgment of the Phil. Trans. By C. Hutton, LLD. ; O. Shaw, 

M.D. ; and R. Pearson, M.D. London, 1804— 1809. 18 toIs. 4ta 
PkUosopkieal Coi^erenees of tke nrtmosti^fFrance. 189a A CoUectlon of Dtooourses of the Virtuoai 

of France upon Questions of Fhilosophy. Translated into Engllah by O. HaTers. London, 

1664. 
Pl^kai and HistoHcal Researckes into Bkabdamamctu 4«. 9090. Translated ttxxm the Italian of 

Carlo Amoretti into German, with suppleraentary Tivatises, by Ritter. Berlln, 1809. 8to. 
Pkus. Vtg. 915. Soe Pl^siologie F^/tale. 
Plmsiotogie Vigitaie. 815. Physiologie V^g^le, ou Expoaition des Forces et des Fooctions Vltalei 

des vig^ux, ftc. By M. A. F. De Cnndolle. Parls, 1832. 3 toIs. 8Ta 
Pkysiqme OccmU, ou Traitidela BagueUe divinatoire. 2090. La Fhisique Ooculte, ou TraiM de la 

Baguette DiTinitoire Far Pierre le Lorraine de Vallemont Amst. 16B3. 18mo. 
Pkftcgnmki», 53. See Plmk. Pkyt. 
Pietmre BibU. 1365. llie Fictorial BiUe ; being the Okl and New Testaments, acoording to the 

authorised Versfam, iUuatrated with many bundred woodcuts. London, 1836 In montbly 

parts, 8to. 
PQces relatioes 4 la Cmltmre et ams Usages de cet Arbre [Robfni*]. 617. Lettre sur 1e Robinier, 

connus sous le Nom impropre de Faux Acacia ; avec plusieurs Pieces relatlTca il la Culture et 

Usage de cet Arbre. Par Sf. Fran^ois De NeufchAteau. Paris, 1803. 12mo. 
Pitl*s Surseu (^ Woreesterskire. 896. Oeneral SurTey of the County of Worceiter. Loodon, 

18ia 8TO. 
Pitfs Trams, 9831 Pitt'i Tranilatioo of Virga 



LIBT OP BOOKS HEFERRED TO. 



pi.Qr. ini. aitSMt.pLQf 


W.tncol. Edltad 
B«.pU«d, FlH 

n PiuMr, « TIi 

: or, 1 PnictlMl 




PIM Amcr. W?L S«i 
Plaml. KmI. soa. PIIMer 


Ml- Hup.boUl M 

T. Iffl?' 'I^Yore 
Bce Fbml.SiU. 


ud csBplcudtiTEdw. Si 



te EOto (o.Woad « 



itaa « Plaaiiiuaiii Xml OntBiml. 
inim moitidniliiiin. 1803 M Ba. FoL 
luul, iritli ooculoul RmutilgT WltUu 



d., nisrtognptilii il' 

Ful^im «to. 



r. «7L Cluria Pluiulcr, DacrtptlDB te FbntH dc rAuiiWn*. Facti, Wttt 

cr Comnlai. »j R. Focscka. LoDdia, 

i>rf*<'/cr»ia ^■dS. MM. I«^ilc, ISXL 

J. J. I>obl.Vniicfa*liwFlBmtuaiiiHBi. Fr^ ISKI-ud lill, iTokSra 
Sh ;>«>(< flKVC. M(M. 
. Sml. 19U. aic J-oAK ACK BmL 
. Sa. Sf Fmrn Enryc. Mi&. 
fl. ga. Sae Ftlrtl EmoK. SMppt. 

S—PiirrtEntfe.ai^ 
\k. \sn. 1. L. il. PcdrM, EocTclopidlc HMiodlqu*, m DIMkiaHlre dc BoUn^. 
Dictlonn. umtinuf iw FcdrM.) Foru. ISH— IMi bdna CIm Gtli, Stli, tUi, 

- i>rUD>n:li'>EiKTc)0TM)clItIhadl4UB,ftt, 

Pelrel Emc. Siofl. I4IS. Id.. ^jclofiMic Jlilliodkius Biip|iUincnt lu Dlcttoon. it BoUnlqucv 

Pvll, 1810— Hlii «TDlI.4(a. 
Ptttrfi Htil. PJUL ila PlimUm. 191S. Id., Hlrtolrc Fblkwjphkqu^ Ac., dci PUntcc d* l'brop(. 

P«rlt ToU. \~&. in. 
Pall. Arb. Fr. 473. Scc Piiir. « n». .«r«. Fy«n. 
Poil. rl Trrp. Ari. Fmtt. U)1B. Poltetu M Turpin, Tnltt ds AtbfH fruitlin d* Dn Huccl, 

NouYclk MltlDn. Ptrij, leOSMicq. 13 fCK. FoL 
PtUllcai Ktifiur. E1& llic FoUtici] Bc^MMi ■ {«rladickl inpir. Edltcd bj Wn, CebMtt. 

PeU. Fl. r^. 5Si. C^ro PoUliii, Herll et Fnrinela VnoiieniU Pluitd noTM t^ Mkiiu ec«nita 

Fm.l>, 1816. 
e^tch PalL 195a J. A. PoHkk, HlMoiie PlmtuuB io Fillitlutu uit* nuecDtlDH. Hiui. 

tiein, 1TT& StoU. «o. 
Pdib. Btk 890, Sce FeiuriiMi »N«rataM. 

Pai.llaM.Via. The Fomologiail M Kt^ne. Lond. IIS3. StoIi. Sro. 
PaiHr*iiii Jl'rtjiiii<cim, al3. IPamwiun BTUminJniii i in HMortcil ud Botuloel Amnint of 

Fnikc knowD bi at«t Brlloln. Br Hcnrr FhilltpK' Lcodoa. lau, «n, 
fwnonii. 8ee Fmmid* HetellifiUenili j or, * Deimplin Acimnt td' Ibe old ddec iBd Pcctt 

Fiulti of HanfOidchin Br "P- A Knlibt. F.ILS., Ac Londoo. 1S19L Mo. 

PomUA ComP. 1555. Jul PontederK, Caapcndlum Tobulmium Br'~' r.-.— >■ mj. -.- 

Pamlifi Pnf. Plaaltr. \6as. The Pn^t>ble Fluter, Ac. Bj ' 

muO. 8<a. 
J>(w'( (Wvucy. 16M, Fopc*) Tnnilitlon ot Hi>bht'i OdjwT. 
Parltr'iiMiiiJimt)Sa>ltlililMtfi.\Tii. Loodon. 5iofm «to. 
PorUr-i ISIr Koifi Krrj TramiU. 78G. Lokdan, j - 
PiteiSuniittfVarcaUTMrt. 897. He*P«f-iSK ._,, 
PewslA ^. iijvU(iiA. 9153. FroliHTorBotUTit Bi 
Pnr. dcL Teil. SSH. ■" ■■ ■- '^' 



m. IMK. See Pmi^ TTaU. tn Flawlbv. 

tSg. SIO HHTCI. ^ 

• W. BlHwcU 111). Tbe PnMlal HimIhi 
00 Hu>buidiT, Ediob. 17S7. 



. TTcetlee ob Forctt Flutloi, ftc By Wilt*r 

prlcr'1 Euaiiim tki Fuinrrmr. 7H. An biT on tfae PlctuTCHUc, u compued ■llli tb* Subllm* 
iiadtb*BeuitlAil,ae. Br UTedtlt Frica, Ei«, Ladoo, ITH. STit 



LI8T OF fiOOKS REFERRED TO. CCXVll 

Priaee*t Catalogue. 310. A CaUlogue of Fruit and OnuuDental Trtet and Plantt (alt of whicb are 

bardjr) cuttiTated at the Linncan Botanic Garden, W. Prince, Froprietor, FluBhing, Long 

Itland, near New YorlL New York, 18!^. 8va 
Proe. qf Oeol. Soc. oj Lond. Slia Prooeedingt oT the Oeological Sodety of London. 
Prod. a09. See Dee. Prod. 
Prodrome de la Monograpkie dm Genrt Roekr. 749. Prodrome de la Monographie det Eipioei et 

Vari^tfa communei du Gcnre Roaier, ftc. By C. A. Thory. PariB, 1820. 12mo. 
Prodromti*. 189. See Dec. Prod. 

Prodroimu Flortp Kepaiensi*. 1921. D. Don, Prodromus FloriB Nepalen^ London, 1825. 12mo. 
Pronv. Nom. 1753. See ProHviUe*$ Nomen. Bai*. 
PromaUU** Nomen. Rais. 74a Aug. De Pronville, Nomendature raiaonnfie de« Eipicet, Vari6tfa, eC 

Sou«.Tari^s du Genre Roder. Paris, 1818. 8vo. 
Pnrsk FL Bor» Amer, 238. Fred. Pur«h, Flora BoreaUa Americana. Londoo, 1814 8 Yoli. 8vo. 



0. 

QuarteTl^ Jomrmd qf AgrieaUwre. IflfiL Hie Quartcrly Joumal of Agrlculture; and the Prise 

Enays and TnnaactioM of the Highland Society of Scotland. Edin. iaZ& In quarterlj 

Nos. Sto. 
Qmarterlff Betiew. 22. The Quarterly Re^iew. London. In quarterly Nos. 8to. 
<taaiile*B Jersep and Guenueu. 1286. General View of the Agriculture and preient State of the 

Iilande on ttoe Coast of NonMndjr nil^ect to the Crown of Great Britain. By Thomai Quayle, 

Eiq. London, 1815l 8Ta 
€tmpfor an upetart Qmrtier. 48& A Quip for an upitart Courtier ; or, a qdaint Diipute between 

VelTet Breechei and Cloth Breechei. London, 1592. 4ta 
Qaintinae** Compleie Oardener. 46. The Complete Gardener, &c. Engliihed by John Brelyn. 

Lond. ie9& FoL 



B.etP.FL Per. et CUL Prod. 544 H. Ruis et Joe. Paron, Flom FfeniTiaMe et Chllenito Pro- 

drumui. Matriti, 1794, foL $ ed. 2 , Ronue, 1797. 4ta 
B.et P.FL Per. et aa. Sy*t. 544. Id., SyMema Vegetabilium Floni PeniTiaue et Chileniii. 

Matritl, 179& 8ro. 
KetP.FL Per. SgtL 543. SeeB.etP.FL Per. et CUL Sgst. 
Baf. Med. Flor. 518. Medical Flon ; or, Manual of the Medical Botany of the Unitcd Statei of 

North America. By C S. Raflnesqua Phiiadelphia, 1828. fi vols. Sva 
Btfin. Joam. Pkg*. 503. Rafinesque in Joumal de rhysique. Paris, 1773, and continued. 4ta 
Bafin. Med. Bot. 1017. See Rqf. Med. Flor. 
B/jln. PrSe. Dic. Som. 588. Raflnesaue.Schmaltx, Prficii dei DioouTertes SomiolQgiques ou Zoolo^ 

giques et Botaniques., Palerme, 1814. 18mo. 
Bqfin. Bos. Amer. in Ann. Pkg*. 766. Raflnesque on American Roses, in Annals of Phyiic. New 

Yock. 
Bafiti. Speeck. 582L Raflnesque.Schmalta, Speochio dcUe Sdenie, o Oiomale enciGlopedloo di 

SiciliariSU 
Bape ^ Proserpine. 247S. A pocm by Claudian. 
Bam. Snmm. lesT Ambr. Rau, Enumeratio Rosarum drea Wiroebuigum sponte cresoentium. 

Norinberge, 1816. 8to. 
Bamss. JHn. 616. Rauwolf 's Jouniey through Syria, Meiopotamia, Pilaitine, and E^gypt l^anslated 

ftom the English by Staphent IflBS. Sra 
Ba^s General Historg qf PlanU. 53. See Bam'* Historia Planiarum. 
Bag*s Bistoria Planiarmm. 41. Joh. Ray, Hlstoria Plantarum. Londinl, 1686 et 16B8. 2toIs. 

fol. XoL 3., seu Supplementum, 1704. 
Baifs Letters, ^ 2414 Philoeophioal Letten between Mr. Ray and several Correipondents, Ae. 

Lond. 1718. Sva 
Sag^s Melkodus Plaularum. fiSL U., Methodui Flantarum nova. Londlni, 1682. AmsteL 

1682. 8Ta 
B. Br. Prod. R. Brown, Prodromus FkmB Nova HoUandla et Insulip Tan Diemen. Londinl, 

1810. Sm 
Bdib. leom. SeoL 1068. Relchenbach (L.), lconognphia Botanica Exotlca. Lelps. 1827— 

1890. 4to. 
Bekk. PL CriL 12ia Beichenbach (W. O. L.), loonograpbU Botanlca, seu Planta CriticsB. 

Lelpsi 1885—1828. 4ta 
Btamm». Mim. 1S71. See B6ammmf^s Mimolres. 
Biamattu- Minudret. 1820L Mfmoires pour senrir ii riOstoire des Insectes. Par R. A. F. De 

R£aumur. Faris, 1734— 174fiL 6 vols. 4to. 
Beek. BisL 1717. See Beekercke* Historigmes, 4v- 

Beckerek. *mr FAnaL, ^e., de dUftr. Espiees d^lnteete*. 18ia See Lgoaei Mtm PoeL 
Beekerekes Hisloriques smr les Otines. YI9&. ByM. Marquis, Professor of Botany at Rouen. 
Bed^ercke* tmr la Dteomoerte dela Bose, l^. 787. Langles (L.), Recherehes sur U D^couTCrte de 

rascnce de Rose. Paris, 1804 12ma 
Beereations qf Agrieulture. 615. Recreations in AgricuUure, Natural History, Arta, and 

Misoellaneous Uteratnre. By Dr. Andenon. London, 1790. 5 toIs. 8to. 
Beemea dei Plans, ^., de plmsiemrs des Ckdteamx, Grottet, ^e. l3Sa See Marot*t Beeueil det 

PlatUtiK. 
Bed. Bot. 790. See Bed. et Tkor. Bot. 
Bed. et Tkor. Bot. 758L P. J. Redout^, Les Roses. PL 1691 color.: aTec le texte, par G. Ant Thory. 

Parls, 1817—1824 3 Tola foL 
Jtws*« CM. 588. See Beet^t Cgdepmdia. 
Bee£t CgeUmtedkk. 1917. London, 1819. 99 toIs. 4to. 
BegemA. BoL ZeU. 16SSL Rcgentf^urgs BoUnische Zeitaing. Regensburg, I803L 8to. 1 toL 

perann. 

C c 



CCXViU JLIST OF BOOKS REFERHED TO. 

Ria». Bot. M64. ' See Bignmlt Bot. leon. 

JBOtgmimU Bot. loon. 1S66L De Begnsult, La BoUnique mise k la Poxt^ de tout te Vonde 

Parii. 1774. Fol. 
Bekh. Mag. 65& ReicbenbBCfa (G. C), M«gatin des Pflanienreicbi. I79S, 17M. 4to. 
BeiVM HiMt. and LU. Bot. 899. See BeitTt Hutorical and Literary Botang. 

Bei^M Historical and IJterary Botanif. 48a Hictoricai and Literary Botany Mxntuning tbe Qua- 
lities, Aneodote», and Superttitiona of Plants, ftc. To wbich is added. Flowen ; or, the Ar- 
tiits : a Romantic Story, ih>m tbe Frencb of Madame De Genlii. B7 Euxa F. Reid. Windtor. 
1826. dTol*. ISma 
Bem. on For. Scen. 2047. See Bemark$ on Pore$t Scenery. 
Bemark» on Foresi Scenery. 14. Br Wiliiam Gilpin. 8 toIi. 8ro. 
Bemarkable Oakt, Ae. 1781. See Booke^s Remarkable Oaks. 
Senantt Fl. de POne. ISIS. P. A. Renault, Flore du D^iaitement de rOme. AleBcon, 

1801. 8Ta 
Bepori on the Natnral Porests qf ScotXand. £180. By Mr. Qrigor, Nuneryman, of Elgin. Publiibed 

in tbe Highland SoGiety*s Transactions, vol. xiL 
Beportt, S;c 2170 . Pailiamentary ReporU on tbe Tlmber Tlrade for 18S1— 1835. 
Restdence in ConatantinopU. 9042. Walsb (R). A Residence at Constantinople during tbe Com. 
menoement, Flrogress, and Termination oftne Greelc and Torkish Revolutioni. JL4>ndon, 1896. 
S Toli. 8Ta 
Bet. Gord. 9008. See BeUred Gardener. 

BeOred Gardener. 364. See London and Wiae's BeUnd Gardener. 
Betx. Obt. fiSSi See Betz. Obs. Bot. 
Betn. Oba. BoL 754. A. J. Retzius, ObeerTationcs Botanics. London, 1774. 6 finc. 4ta £d. 2: 

Llpsis, 1779—1791. 6 toIs. 4ta 
Bioerle du Premeneur toUtaire. 1S9& By J. J. Rousseau. 
Beeue Bntomologique. 2145. See SUbermann^a Beme Entomologique. 
Reyn. Act. Lam. 769L See Revn. Mim. Laua. 
R^/n. Mim. 58& See Rejtn. Mim. Laut. 
Rain. Mim. Laus. 772. Reynier in M^. de la Soc. de Lausanne. 
Rl&totomi. 1724. By Sophocles. 

Rich. Diaa. 1061. G. G. Richter, Diss. de Muscofnm Notis et SalubriUte. Gottings, 1747. 4ta 
JUdk Mhn. Contf. 206S. Sce Rickard Mim. aur les Conifiret. 
Rickard II. 436. Ooe of Shakspeare's plays. 

Riekard Mhn. tur let Con^iret. S103. See Mimoiret tnr lea Con^fhrea et lea (^cadiea. 
RickardCt Analyte du PruU. 55& Louis.Claude Ricbard, Analyse du Frult, consid4r§ en gfo^ral ; 

publite par DuTaL Paris, 180& 8to. 
RickardTt Elementt qf Botany. 1024 New Elements of BoUny, &c. By A. Richard, M.D. ; 
translated, witb Notes, by P. Clinton ; Dublin, 1829. 8to. Translation by W. MacgiUiTrayi 
London, 1831, 8to. 
Bi». Mon. Irr. 1043. Aug. Quirinus RlTinus, Ordo Pianurum Flore inregulari Monopetalo. Llp- 

si«, 1699. Fol. 
B. MaL 1490. Henricus Van Rbeede, Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. 1678—1703. IS toIs. fol. 
Boberit^t EngUtk Bowman; or, jyactt o» Arckery. 9087. London, 1801. 8to. 
Roderickt tke Last qf tke Gotks. 1917. A poem bv Southey. 

Raem. Arck. 1032. Joh. Jac. Rcemer, ArchiT fUr die Botanik. Leipsig, 1796— 1805u S toIs. 4to. 
Riem. et Sckult. Sust. Veg. 1414b Id. et Schultes, £d. noT. Systematis Vegetabaium Linnsi. 

Turici, 1815. 8to. 
Rokeby. 9081 A poem br Sir Walter Soott 
Romanee qf Nature. 992. The Romance of Nature: By Louisa Anne Twamley. London, 

1837. 8vo. 
Romance qf tke Rote. 941. By Chaucn*. 

Rooke^s BemarkaNe Oaks. ^. 1781. Description and Sketehes of some remarkable Oaks in the 
Park at Welbeck, in the County of Nottingham, a seat of Hii Grace the Duke of Portland. By 
Hayman Rooke. London, 1790. 4ta _ 

"" '" Paris. 4ta 




RiTen, jun. London, 

1837. 8Ta 
RSsel Ins. BetuaL Suppl. 18S6b Rosel, Der monatach herauagegebenen Insccten Belustlgung. 

Numberg, 1746-1761. 4 toIs. 4ta -• •*• 

Roa^. Bos. 1E&. RoBsignol (K. G.}, Les Roses dessin^es et enlumintes d*aprte Nature, aTec une 

Description botaniqiie. lYaduit de 1'Allemand par M De Lafltte. Leipi. 4to. 
BMsnuusler Forstins. Sl4a Rossmiissler, Naturgeschichte derjenigen Insec^, welche den bei 

uns augebauten Holsarten am meisten schiidlicn werden. LieipB. 1834 8to. 
Botk Cai. ms. Albi Wilb. Roth, CatalecU Botanica. Lipsiae, 17^—1805. 3 toIs. 8Ta 
Roik FL Germ. 63& See Rotk*s Fiora Gemumica. 
Rotk Germ. 1731. See Rotk*s Ftora Germanica. 

Rotk's Flora Germaniea. 146L • Id., Tentamen Flone Germanicc. Lipsiae, 1788—1801. 3 toIs. 8va 
Rowe^s Lucan. 1462. Rowe^s Translation of Lucan. 
Ro». Fl. Ind. 1901. See Roxb. FL Ind. ined. 
Rox.' Hort. Beng. 1934 W. Roxburgb, Hortus Bengalensis ; or, a Catalogue, &c. Calcutta, 

1814 8vo. 
Roab. Cor. 646. See Roeb. Corom. 
Roab. Corotn., 1596. Id.. Flants of the Coast of Coromandel, publisbed under tbe direction of Sir 

Joseph Banks. London, 1795— 17S6. 2 toIs. foL 
Roeb. FL Ind. ined. 751. Flora Indica. By W. Roxburgb. Serampore, 1820—1824 2 toIs. 8Ta 
Roy. Qmra eTAgric. 258. Roy in NouTeau Cours d'Agriculture. 
Roy. Lugdb. iSB9. Adrianus Van Royen, Flora Leydensis Prodromus, exbibeos Plantas Horti 

Luoduno-BaUTL Lugd. Bat. 1740. 8Ta Auctor dicitor C. Linnseus. 
Royal Soclety's Transactions. 77. See Pkil. Trana. 
Royie lUnatr. Bot. Himalaya. 245. IHustrations of tbe Botany and other Branches of the Natural 

History of thc Himalayan Mountains, and of the Flora of Cashmere. London, 1833— I838L 

4to. 
Bubi GcrmonicL 733. See Weike andNccs's Rvbi Germanici. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCXIX 

ilndft. Lapp. 1596. Rudbeck (ObuM), Mora-Samdad, tive Lapponla Illiutrata. Sueco«Q«nn. eC 

Lat Upaal, 1701. 4to. 
Euige*t SmrtKif of GloucetterMre. Tl&S. General View of the Agriculture of the County of Glou. 

cester. By T. Rudge. London, 1807. Sro. 
nuh et Ptn. Fl. Per. 9^ SeeR.et P. FL Per. 
Xumpk. ^lmb. 1910. See Rumph. Ambojm. 
lUank. Amboifn. 9447. Geo. Everh. Kumphiui, Hecborium Amboinense. Amiteiodami, 1750. 

oTola. ibL Auctarium, 1755. 



Sab. HorU 1859. Liberatua Sabbati, Hortus Romanua. Vol. L, Auet. 6. BonelU ct L Sabbati : 

VoU IL IIL IV. and V., Auct N. MartelU et L Sabbatl; Vola. VI. and VIL, Auct.Conat. 

Sabbati et N. MartellL Romae, 1778^-1784^ 7 voli^ foL 
SaL Hori. AUert. 813. See Sal. Prod. 
Sal Par. 8SS. See Sal. Par. Lond. 
SaL Par. Lomd. 380. See Parad. Lond. 
SaL Prod. 490. R. A. SalUbury, Prodramua Stirpium in Horto ad Cbapel AlIertOD. Londini, 

179& 8va 
SaL Wob. 1454^ Salictum Wobumenae: By Hia Oraoe the Duke of Bedford. Royal 8va 
SaUceM. 188. Salicea. By Dr. Wade. Dublin, 1811. 8vo. 
SaUcetum; or, the Botanieal Higtory and CuUivation qf WOknet. 1458. By Dr. Walker. Con- 

tained in hia \cL of Esiaya. 
SaUetum Wobumente. 189. See SaL Wob. 
SaUtb. Prod. 8S3. Ste SaL Prod. 
8ang*t Nicol, ISSa See Piant. KaL 
SmSi Viagg. 104& Gea Santi, Viagg) al Moot Amiata. Piaa, 1795, 8vo ; e per la Toacaaa, Vola. 

IL a^IIL, 1798 and 18061 
SaL ^aa, 1851. The Saturday Magarine. A periodlcal paper, publiihed in Loodon, weddy. Begun 

Seme. Momnk ISaa Fkan^ . Boiaaier De Sauvagea, Methodua Foliorum S. PlantaB MonapeUenaea 

Juxu Fdiorum Ordinem digeitaBL La Haye, 1751. 8va 
Sam. Alb. Tuc 9fi9. GaeUno Savi, TratUto degU Aiberi della Toscana. Firenw, 1801, f vola. 

8vo; ed 8. 1811. 
8a». Trat. 1341. See Sav. Alb. Totc. 
SaoTt Bibl. JtaL Savi (C.) in BibUotbeca Itolica. 
Sa9$ FL PU 766. Id.. Flora Plaana. PUia, 179a 8 vola. 8va 

SaePt Botanicon Etrutcum. 161 Id., BoUnicon Etruacum. Piaii. 1808 and 1815. 8 voli. 8vo. 
ScaudiuaoSa. 1591. Travela in varioua parU of Europe, Aiia, and Afirica. By E. D. Clarke. Lon- 

don, 1810—1823. 6vob. 4ta 
Sekeuekz. It. 818& Joh. Jac. Scheuchier, Itineraria Alpina. £d. 8. Lugd. Bat 1788. 4ta 
Sekeide et Deppe MSS. SS73. 

Sekkukr H. WS. Chriat Schkuhr, Botaniachca Handbuch. Wittenberg, 1791—1803. 3 vola. 8va 
Sckkukr Handb. 396. See Sckkukr H. 

Sckleekt. Lintuea. 586. A. Schlechtendal FiUui, Linnca. Berol. 1886, and continued. 8va 
SeUeckiend. Berl. Mag. 148. A. Schlcchtendal in BerL Mag. 
SeUeick. Cat. 769. See Sckleieker Cat. 

ScUeicker Cat 1596. J. C. Scbleicber, Catalogi Plantarum Helvetic ezaiccatarum, 1794— 181& 
Sekm. Arb. 415L See Sckmidt Baum. 
Sekmidt Baum. 498. F. Schmidt, (Eiterreicbi aUgemeine Baumxucht. Wien, 1798 und 1794. 8 

voli. fd. 
Scktnidtft. Bok. 1867. F. W. Schmidt, Flora Bohemlca. Prag», 1793, 1794. 8vola.fol. 
SekmUU Muc. 8148. See Sdimidt S. M. 
Sekoepf. Mat. Med. Amer. 1534. :Joh. Dav. Schoepf. Materia Medica Americana. Eilang., 

1787. 8va 
Sekoolmtttrett. 188iL A poem by Sbenatone. 
Sekrad. Ditt. 951. See Sckrad. Ditt. Pkilad. 
Sckrad. Ditt. Pkilad, 952. Schrader in De Candolle'i Prodromui. 

Sckrad. Ge». IlL H. A.Schrader, Genera nonnuUa Obaervationibua UluatraU. G^ttin», 1806. 4to. 
Sekrader Btde» Sem. Hort. Acad. Gott. 888. Schrader (C. F.), Index Plantarum Horti Botanici 

Pedagogii Regii Glauchenaia. HalL, 1778. ISmo. 
Sekrader Hort. GotL MSS. lOOa See above. 
Sckranek Baier. {Bavar.) FL 1517. Franx Von Paula Schrank, Baleracbe Flora. Munich, 178a 8 

band. 8vo. 
Sckranck Salitb. ,1548. Id, Primiti» Flone SaUiburgeniia. F^anooC Bfsn. 1798. 8va 
Sekranek FL Mon. 767. Id., Plantc rariorei Horti Honaceniia. Munich, 1817—1819. FoL 
Sekreb. Dee. 744. Joh. Chriat Dan. Von Schreber, Iconea PlanUrum minua cognitarum, Decaa 

L Halc, 1766. Fol. 
Sckreb. Gen. 11S6. Id., Linnci Genera PlanUrum. Franc<rf: 1786. 8 vola. 8vo. 
Sckrift. der GeteUt. Natur/. Freunde. 1705. See Act. Nat. Scrut. Berol. 
Sekuberft Catalague. 1199. S^ii RoaUn ogrodu BoUnicsnego Krolewakiego.Wamawakiego Oni. 

warsytetu. &talogue des Plantes du Jardin BoUnique de rUniversit§ Royale de Vanovle. 

PubU^ par M. Schubert WarsaW, 1884. 8va 
Sekult. (Eetr. Fl. 1405. F. A. Schuliei, OBitrichi Flora. Wien, 1794. 8 band. 8vo. 
Sduiitz Fl. Starg, Suppt. 1504. Schulu (C R)» Flona Stargardienaia Supplemcntum Primum. 

Naubrand, 1819. 8vo. 
Seop. Cam. 348. Joh. Ant SoopoU, Ftora CamloUca. Viennae, 1760^ 1 voL Svo; ed. 8. Viennae, 

1778, 8 vola. 8vo. 
Scop, Del. Flor. Intubr. 1414. Id., DeUci» Flone Inaubricae. Tidni, 1786—1788. 3 vola. foL 
Seotia lUuttrata. 86. See SibbaUTt Scotia lUustrata. 
Scott Gardener. 87. The SooU Gardener; whereunto ia annexed the Oardener'! Kalendar. By J. 

Reid. Edin. 1683. 4to. 
SeaU*t Marmion. 1763. A poem by Sir Walter Scott. 
ScotUtk Cryptoggmic Flora. 308. By Dr. GreviUe. Edin. 1882. 8vo. 
Seatont. 90SL Thompaon^a Seaaona. 

CC 2 



LIST OF BOOKB RSFERRED TO. 



itaie. PirM.DaSnBiUI. 



Stgu. Vtr. IML Jota. Fnnc. Seculcr. FlmU! VRanaua. Venoie, 17U. 3 vM. **o. 
S^bfn. A>. /c IXIl. Tnw (C. /), Ilaniii,ps J. U.SeliEiDUD. Xurn. 170— 17K. ) lom. fMki. 
aSBrkOi^ Sn. USG. Oeiwnil Vlew or iIh AfrtcuUureln tlie Countla oT Roilxui^ uid Mkiit. 
H. H. Douglu. £dllll>. 1T9H. Bto. 

-'naimiua. LoDdm. iu7. 

'Dvnvv. 16^. SrnLliiiantAl Jouner tbnnub FtBDce uid ItAlj. B* Llie Rer. L. Stene. 
176g. 3tii1i '= 



S^. A Repmaititloii Ot InLvid mi Forelgii Wood, a well 

™,isw. e«iu.«To. 

Ire NAturollc. hrti« Bolaiii^B. Bcnbe, 

jria ^ fta, i^. iW. A SerlM sr Fieti, HiBU, OlHmDoiis ud ExpolBenti «i ttae > 
Ufldce of ruilDf, pnmlDg, ■ud tniamg roung Tnm ia Ptonrertnni, Bj W. BIJ 



C Serbite Mtlu» Bo 
91. Id., Mu^ IWt^i 



j, pnmlng. 



rdatiDfl lo eeTenl Pute of Butarr ud Ehe 

ieiof Slaa)Tdiblre,ac. B](tbe Rer. StdMDg 



^xiej. Londoo, 1ffT& StOl 

. _i B> Slr RcbeR Slbtald, M.D. mnbartli,l( 

tU nbMrau. t& ScolfailllttaratmilTePiadroDHuHIKOTlBNUun 
ȣ BtDt, II " 



aniiiorp'! A. Gnec. IR. Sec 
Siri. (^. dc Crhi. 330. Helx 



id RnU. Idpiti, tasa Sto.' 



Sbigalaritia. tt. ftSlS. Srv OlacTKiUami da Simftlaritti. ic. 

SlAi ar,a(%i^ia PkOBKfkkalSd^iatiimiimaEiiipiMacauxrwbitllLi VWtvig Tar WaUr. 

£131^ Bj Di. t^. Berkeleir, Lord BiitaO|i cT ClDjnc. Dnblin, 17M. Stol 
Skndici. nei. Sec Sirldiet A> Sfaiit. 
Skeuliet. Ae. M. HiitoTtcjil end Blognphlal Sketchei of tb* PTDercia al BoCmT in EiiiImikL ttata 

lUOri^totlM iDBDductionotlhe Llnneun B;ilaii. Bjr R Pultenej, M.b, liiDdui, 1796. 

ataeHtt M Spain. 170. See SteleMer tm Spaim, ie. 

SMcle>Ai4«te,tc. ISfiS. BketclinlDSpaLii. BTCap(.a.B.Cool[.R.N, LoDdaa, ISH. indt.Sfo. 

Sliaeia qf lit Mar. Cal. ^ Britilk Amerlea. £19)^ S« WCr(fOr'( SjUlcta «T H< Uartllmt 

SlamiBltl.'So. Srr Sleamc Jan,. 

SlaamtJam. 73S- TIif NmtuIAi HiitDrTar Junelca. LoDdon, 1707— 17^ fl*ok.(bL 

Smilli^t JrrieuOml Rejarl af Arfyiuiirc. SB. Oenenl Vlew of tbc Agilcultura ctf tlie Coian of 

ArnrlL Bi J. Smlth. BJinb, ITEB. Sto. 
MU-> Aw, ™, ^ See ^. Boc 
MM'( ai«, «, iS5. 9cf £« m. 
Smilk-i Em. Bm. Sn. Emtic BaUnT- Bj Slr J. E. Smltb. Undon, ISM, 1S(& X toIl «to, 

S><kS-( fW. BrU. SfA Stan», 

SmM-l FJor. Gr. ita. SnFUlr.arxe. 

SmaA-iHimrwif HotaSeaUa. 113S. PubHihed ID tha Hw Nit HIM, 

Smil»-l Ictm. flBJ. See Sm^» leam. Plel. 

SmM lcBm. Plct. E95l lanei plcta PluUnm mionm, Bjab J. E. Smlth. LoDdoa. ITSO- 

ITsa. Fol 
AiiW( Imlmi. U Bot 1818. Ad : 



Si»<*o™'« Flira Orwo, IM. Fterw 

lo quu in PrDTlDdi( lul luulli OrBdB InTtDll JcAanot* Sbthoip, M.D. i 
eum AnnauclaniDUi, Id. LoDdDn, laOS— I8U, i (OU. Stn, 
SmMiiSlrJ.E.\iyamilaliamifLimmamiiLaclKtliLafpaiiea.ins. Set -nmr im Laplaiid. 
Smlllk'1 Spie. 314. Spidle(IUBi Bolulcuia, 14. Lu. et EngL Fudc. dUD. Londi», 179t. 

Sii«t'i nwrini (V Qmalmemi. lU. A Skelch or ■ TMir ca the CoDtlaent la the Yeui 1786, 17S7. 

Id. LoDdon, 1733 3toli,STa. 
Salamd. MS. Im Utr*. Bam*t. lUS. 8iAindeT*( HS. In tbe Buik^ Hertmlun. 
Sipii«il'(fl>HiUiiUi.lUf1., «073. ElglitneinafFaunuiaiAhbeT, intendedtollhutntetheAndil. 

tTduremnd Pletunque Srdrt of thu eeletnted Hiila; witfaui HMortcil ud Archltartunl 

Deicripdan, B; Thammi Snpiillh. PdHo, 
Simlligi'' ttoderlct. ISSS. RDdrfick, the Lut oflho Oolhi. BT&iutbej, 
Sam. A*. AX, [Sae, See Emg. Bat. 
SMidiImi.iltiSclai.llai.aSl. Spech lu tb* Annala da Sd 



LI8T OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCXXl 

Speetaek de la Natmre. 90SL Spectade de la Nature, oa Entratieni fur les Partlcalaritei de VW»- 
tmre NatuicUe. Par Noel Pluch& ParU, 1764—1770. 8 vola. 12ma A Tranalation, under tbe 
title of Spectade de la Nature ; or, Nature Dtoplayed ; belng dlfloouraes on nich Puticulan of 
Natura] History aa were tbougfat moat proper to excite tne Quriosity and form the Minds o^ 
Youtb. Illustrated with Copperplates. By Ilumphreys. London, 1740. 7 Tob. 8va 

^etuer^s Skepkerd^s Calendar. 1785. A poem by Spenser. 

Sprei^. Anttq. BoL 1917. Kurt Sprengd, Antiquitatum Botanicarum Spcdmen. lipaiae, 1796. 
4ta 

Spreng. Gen. ISSl. Sprengel*s rC) edition of Llnnaeus's Genera Plantarum. G^tt 189a 8 toIs. Sro. 

Sjpret^^M. 9S7. S|Hrengel (K.), Neue Entdeckungen tai ganien Umfkng der Pflansenkunde. Leip. 

..^ 'l^tee. Bot Ant. 1191. Sprengel (K.), Antlquitatum Botanlcarum Specimen. Lelpi 1798. 4to. 
remg. Syai. Append. 3S& See Spreng. Syet. 

retuKTe SffsL 94a Systema Vegetiibilium, CaxoU Linnci. Cur. Curtio SpreogeL GSttingae^ 
\&n. 4 vois. 8to. 

Siaekk. Comm. de Tkeopkraet. 1643. See TlkeopkrasttiS*s Hiatorfa Plaatarum. 
StamHtVs Comntms* Contplamt. 8S6. The Commons* Complainl, oonceming the Waate of Woodf, 

and tbe Deartb of Victuals : with Four Bemedies for the sama London, 1611. 4ta 
SiaS. Aceoatte. Seot. 12S6. Sindair (Sir 6.), Statistical Account of Scotland. Drawn up ftom tbe 

Communication of the Ministers of tbe diffferent Pariabes. Edinb. 1791—1799. 21 toIs. 8vo. 
SiatasL Embass. S460. An autbenttc Account of an £^baasy from the King of Oreat Britain to 

tbe Eupeior of China. By Sir G. Staunton, Bart Lond. 1797. 2 toIs. 4to, pL 44l 
SteeTs History qf Peat Moss. 1464 Steel (A.), Xbe Natuxal and Agricultural History of Peat 

Ifoes, or Turf Bog. Edinb. 18a& 8Ta 
Stepltatson and CkttrckOPs Medkai Botatty. 465. See CkurckOPs Medical Botatm. 
Si^pkens lUust, HattsL 18S0. See Stepkens (/. F.), tfc. ; tbe work being divided into two eectionf, 

Bfandibulata and HauateUata. 
Stepketts ( J. F.), lUmetratton» qf Britisk Entomology, London, 18S8. 10 toIs. and some paiti, aod 

oobtinued. 8to. 
Stead. Nom. BoL 88a See Steudefs Nomettdator. 
Sieudets Nomeudator. 1486. E Steudd, Nomendator Botanicus, enumerana Ordine alpbabetioo 

Nomina atque Synonyma Plantis imposita. Stuttgardt et Tubing. 18S1— 1891 8 toIs. 8Ta 
Stee. Obs. bted. kt H. tvaid. 74S. 
St. Helena Gaaeette. 1511. AperlodicaL 
SL Hilatre Lhr. 1414. Saint Hibdre ( Auguste), Hiatoire des Flaatei lei phis renarkablea du Brfiail 

et de Paraguay. Paris, 18S4. 3 toIs. «to. 
Stbpium Historia Petnatades. S34. See Bo± PempL 
St. Jamefs Chroniele. 1507. A London newqwper. 

Stolte*s Bot. llSSb A Botanical Arrangement of British Flants, &&, by W. Withering, induding a 
new set of referenoes to Figures. By Jonathan Stokes, BLD. Birmingbam, 1787. 9 Tola. 8to. 
Storut^Biutitti. 8ISSL Apocm byLei^ Hunt 
A. Fierr^s B^tudee de la Nature. 1307. J. Bemardin Henri De Saint Pierre, E^tudes de hi Nature. 

Paria,1800. 10To1s.l8mo. 
StrutPs Sgloa. ISSl. See Stmtes Syloa BrUanmea. 
Struifs Syloa Britamtica. 4& SylTa Britannica ; or, Fortraits of Forest Trees diatinguished fiv 

their Antiquity, &c. By J. G. Strutt. Imperial 8to, 50 platea. 
Strype's Life ofGriudai. 35. Life and Acts of Biahop Grindai : witb an Appendix. By Jobn Strype, 

M.A. London, 17ia FoUa 
Siudies qfNature. 100& St Pierre*s E'tudes de la Nature, tnuialated by Dr. H. Hunter. London, 

1799. 3Tols.8Ta 
Stttrm D. Fl. 1494. Jacob Sturm, Deutscbland Flora. Pars. 1. (Pbanerog.), ftaa L— 8BL Fars S. 

(Cryptog.), faac. 1— U. Nfimbag, 1798 et aeq. 8 toIs. 4ta 
Sic5fir6ai» Qardetter. 698. The Suburban Gardener, and Villa Companion : oomprising the Caioice 
of a SulNutMui or Villa Residenc^ or of a Situation on whleh to fiirm oiie. By J. C Loudan, 
F.L&, H.S., acc. London,18a8. 8Ta 
Supid. Eiieyc. Aipri. 738. Supplement to ttie Ikicydopndia of AgrlcultuTe. By J. C. Loiidon, 

F.LSl, ftc. Loadon, 1834. 8Ta 
SuppL to Eng. BoL ISS. Sut SupplemetU to Ett^sk Botai^. 
Supplemeut to BugUskBotat^. 1463. See Eng.Bot. Suppl, 
Sur la Naturalieation des Arhres ForesUhre* de rAmtr^. 148. Mtaiohre aur U NatuzaUaation, 

&C. Par F. A. Michauz. Paris, 1805. Sra 
Smrrey. 88. See Maueiing and Brai^s Sttrrey. 
Sureey ef Dorset^dre. 96. See Coker's Survey pf Dorsetskire. 
Sttrtey qf For/arskire. 100. Baa Beadrick^s Stnvey qf FoKfarskire. 

S mr ee y qf London. 618. A Sorvey of Londoii. oontayning tbe originall Antlondtie, Increaae, 
modeme Estate, and Description of tbat City, writtcn in the Year 1586. .By John Stowe, 
Citiien of London. London, 1596. Small 4ta 
Survey qf WorcesUrskire. 896. See PUVs Suntey of Woreesterskire. 
Smreey ef tke Comshi qfNottingham. ISSSk General View of the Agricolture of the County of 

Nottingham. By S. Lowe. London, 1796. 8Ta 
SuL Helv. 1586. See Suter^s Flora Helvetiea. 

Suter*s Flora Helvetica. 160. J. R. Suter. Flora HelTetica. Torid, 1808L 8 toIb. ISmo. 
SuikerlamPs Catalogue qf Plattis 1» tke Edinkurgh Botanie Garden. 5S. 
SutkerlattiTs Horttis Medictts Sdinbuigensis. 101 Jaa. Sutheriand, Hortus Medicua Edinbuigenais. 

Edinb. I68a 8to. 
Soensk BoL 1049L Srensk BoUnik. fitokbdm, 1804^1819. 8 toIs. 8Ta 
Swart» FL Ind. Occ. 999. Olof seu Olaus Swaxta, Flora India» Ocddcntalia. Erhmgas, 1787— 

1806. 3 Tols. 8Ta 
Stoartx Prod. 8871. Id., Prodromua Descripiionum Vegetab. Indis Oocidcntalis. Hotanie, 

1788. 8Ta 
9a. Br. FI.^Gard. 848. The British Flower-Garden. Conducted by R. Swcet and afterwarda 

by Professor Don, till 18S7. London. 8to. 
SweeVs H.B. 388. See SweeVs Hort. Brii. 

Sweefs HorL Brii. 840. Sweet (R.), Hortua Britannicus. London, 1886. Sto. 
SteL Oet. 318. Cistinese. The Natnral Order of Rock Roae. By R. Sweet Loodon, 1830. 

Sto. 
Siel. Fl. Austr. 359. Flora Australaaica. London, 1887« 18Sa 8to. 



Lrsr OF BOOKE RBFERRBD TO. 




Sfita PiBrifiTii. m , . .. ., _ 

iSui.F.H.l Lmdon. IsS. s"oli 8.0. ' "'" ^™™" e ni , j . 

Strm^it qfUlt BtUit^ Ffora. 7M. 3« Lindi- S^notm- 
SM/Mti btUioillea SHrpluK BrlUmiiitBrHm. S3. Joh. Hay, Snii^lt Mclhodica EUnriura Brt- 

UnnlcMiini. Londim,«I.S.. l(i96iM,3., 17«. Sio. 
St^. Eltuili. \m. t. C. Fabclciu^ Sjritcma Elwttaenliinim HCunrluD OrdiDH, A& KUli>, 

S^. Vtf. Qncr. \SiS. Ste Sfirnigift StU. Veg. 



Ttier». KrauUTi. 1731. 1. T. TabeniicnuinUnui, Kiiuitertuch. Fruicot'. Meln, \sas—\SSe. 

Ed.i,, CurCBiuhlno. PmKoT M«n, IGUund IffiS, BuIIik, llSiuiil 1731. 
TaiUau Hlilorlqiu- 1!33. Tabluu Hinoni|uc iet Progrei de li Culture d» Atbn t Odeew. 

Pu H. Draccniet 
Tstk. \XB. CawpcT'1 TailL A poffm. 
nwn. 4K). Tcoorc (M), S;lliigiPl>ntuuia. Hiplei. Sn. 

JVv. iW. fl. Ncap. 3S1- Mldi. TenoR, PiiidTomua Fhn Neapnlltiiiue. Neep ISU— ISIS 

TutoT. afn. K. tltap, 3S9. Id., STDopdi Knenun Fbotmiii, qiw lu Fndroma dcecrilniitur. 

Jimrt ^U. Fl. Niapiil. S494. See Ttnerr. 
Ttmre^t Flont ffapeOlana. IM. Id., Flon 
TaUmtit Flont StptUtnilt SteifraU. SIOO 

\m. TbI 
nala 
T%e A r fquHteTlj^ Jounul ot Sclncc, IJtcnture, end th& 

ne A >y.'SO. Ttae BnUniifi ind llirdenR'i Neir DictiDnarr ; 

CO lewrlc Ctaaractcn, ^ Bj Ju Wtaceler, Vuncrjnian, 

Jlf C V of thelr Velue Eenenllr; or ttae lcuUn liluidi iA 

p* laadaB, IS33. Sio. 

Tua 

Tkt t « iifFlaiBeri, 

TktL, » An indent Sonc. 

T*e M Bj llma Cookt LondDO, ie7& Mo. 

TkS & 1S6D. 

IV T PbsmtaUau qf TMcr TWiv. Ba. By Bitl) Linglei. 

JV » ~ .. — '•Pl»7i. 

7%at. BH. leCfi. See ParUmlon-i Thtat. BoL 

T»Ml.^Agri. 1339. OIIHCT de SeiTB. TbMBe d-AnicuHure, PuU. 1600, M.; 1S11, 810. 

Gentie, IGW ; Lno, 1E75 ; Perti, leot, tSOK i •ob. Mo. 
TUd(n d-.PriwattM. 79S. B) Madime De GHilii. Fuii, 6 lom. IKmo. 
HtM^ia iKteatt. UIS. F. C. L«Mr, TbMotleda IiucctH, 

tiofu de DIm diiu lovt ce qul cdnaiDe lei luedee. Tnd. de ]'A 

de M. F Lroniict. A li Haire, 17«, StoIi. Sro, dI. S. 
ne«*raiAu'i Skltria PliaUanim. 16. TtaeophTMU Klitoila Planta 

iGM. FoL TruuUted t^ J. StecktaouH. Oifaid. 1811. Mo. 
TKiorle BUmrmlafre. %\S. A. F. De dnilaUe, TbMc tlimentaiiB ao u wwniiiiiii. i-a»^ 

Tklt, «vsl 3^. Thibuid'1 M9L 

TUdantft Far. Vet, IBSk A TraitlK on Faniga VetetiMM, ftc, Bj Ralpb Tblekn cne , MDv 

LHidffli, 1749. Sto, 
ne», Dltp. Sn. Thomwin*! |A. T.) London DlipenHtor;. 
nsrc CIA>r. LoMd. 148!. J. TborE, EHil d-une Cblorli du Dtpanment dee Leadca. Du, 

1801 Bn, 
noK 

nowiL .„- — - — ., - _ 

Jtrtt YearHmilan* AmrriaL 191$. BjJ.Siuut Edinburgh, i; 
Tiuil. Fl Par. *15. J. L. Ttautlllcr. HoTe dw EnTiioni de Pniii 
nsO. Pnrli. 1488. See Tlmlt. R. Pai 
nin. Pmd, £04. C P. HiunbetK, 1 

»■■». Otli. 1083. Id., Dbi.de Erlci. Upu1,17SS. tta. EO. 1. C 

ni^!% jap.^. e»t ntBA ji^- 

Jlamb,Jap.Xi. Id., FlonJipDnlca. Ltaidie,I7S4, in. 
T»vA.lM.Soe.Tnmt 3X. I^, inthei^uMctiiinaoftbeLlnnai 
TllliC^Bar1.FliaitLan. M. A. Tllli, Cuitogui Hortl PtunL I 
nusca-i PUL Mag. 1388. See Pka. Ntg. 
THt. Fng, S56, See TBi. Pat. Stc, 



LIST- OF BOOK8 REFERRED TO, CCXXIIl 

Tlm. F<it. Sie. SBI. VIhcl TIdsd, Pnfllliu PUntiniB glelU» iHiimiB. PuDniil, I8IT. Sro. 

T. Nrf ni EMnbtet On. PL flara Sirmmlem. 131& 3« Hea Vim EieniaJI Otn. PL 

TOk nnc. tf«fe IltS. H. J. Todi, Fiiii«l UcUenburimU hIbcU. LlHbunl, ITfl). S 

TVt» n. [/. 3. SU. TciiTeT'1 Flon of tbc NoRlHni iDd HLddle Suul Ksw York, 1S3B. 
Dwr b /HJ«J. Soec. Sn/riitT^r, 

nw *• L^iJW IIOS. Lachali LiiipaDlcE j or, m Toui In Laplnid. noiir Hnt publlAid Ihm 
Ui( oilfiD*! Ua, Jaunul of the cdebiEled Liaiifui. Bt Sli J. E. SmlUi. Loadon, IHII. 

nwfaSoaUHlWt. BTFenniuit. CheRir, 1771. Btix 

TtHT amUu Omlimtiu. nib. an SiM>-i Tnr on Ok CanlinemL 

Ttam. Cbr. Stt J. Fitton da IbuiDeron, ConUuluin lulJnilliBun Bii HeituTlc FuU, 

Ttm Imt. 3S&. Id., iDaUIDtlcDa Rel HerbeilB. PuU. 1717 et 1713, StoIj. 4tD. 



Tmm.tan.13t>>. Id., ReliUDud-un Vofue iuI.ennL P«K 17... . 

ItetHKWu. SOes. Tiiio[ita)liu ) or Scbole of Sluit;iiB, oDuterDsllo Two Booiu. Bf Rofcr AHdiam 

Tnca. 57. 'Tncu OD Pnellal Agilnilture ud Ginli 

tta* Ouden Culture In ttae FleM, &c. Bj lUctaard 

TVnianii^i aUalicM. M. Publubed In UuKum 

nw. Ibl. 1IS8. HlcronDiDl Tnfl, De Btliplani, nw 

oiBtur, M. ArgeDtormll, 1561. 4tD. 
TnM dt rjmtmMnenl itii BoU ct Fartu.^i Biitf ile Sicieniei mr lt$ CUm a aiandiion. 

ITSl F« MTtoiilet. Piili, 1812. Saull S.c 
nvlU4elaOdlaifne.ia*i. P*r A. A. FarToentiei. PirU. 1770. 8td. 
JVnlU *t la aatm du Tmi. 137. H. L. Du Huiel du MoDceeu, Tnlt« de 1* Culture dee 

To» PhU, nso—mu GtoU. Itno. Ven. Oeim, DieodeD, 17H: Vm BdK, AraBe. 

lod_lT6& 

■nmlUPrmUtmielmCnllnrcdaPlnt.iiiX. See rM*muirTc'i TralU, it. 
TnUtinrleiltlrltTtUana.iasO. Pu C CeMelleL Ali, 1760. Iudd. 
Trant. Bnr. Sec ms. See PMIL TViMi. 
Trmi.Sae.JrU.im. Ste TraniacUani ^ Uu SocUtt i^ ArU. 

TlanmiUmt cf ttu EnUnnoialcal Sorielf rf LMlan. 906. London. Betunln 1S34, inSro. 
lYameHBm ^ (te HlgMlMtSocuif. IW The Uuuteilj Jounial of AzilcultuTe -, eod tfae Prt» 
EiHTe iDd TnnHctlani ofttae Hlgbknd Soaetj af Scollnd. £dla. 1688. 1d quErtirlj 

TViiBjaclrofU of ^ 

tUi; Bd«rie^be„- „-, 

Tranimakmi af Oie Pmi^an HorticulHinil Sodelp. t 

nngdei Oenenlaus in den Kaniglich Freuolicl 

namiaolimi qf l»r Jtogal Iriii Acaienif. llt. DuU)n. 4(o. Fubllihed occulonidlT. 
T^wuoeHoni qf llie Socielg far lie BnamraiemeiU i/ Aru. WIS. TriuuictloiH of tbe Societr ftir 

tbe EDCoungeineDt ot Atu, MenuCictune, Commerce, ftc Lond. 1783. PnbUihed ocoe- 

TrmHaeUonicfllieSaekiy9fArU.\SSB. Srt Trantactlani i^ Uu SteUlii fiir Uu Sncairagemait 
TranmcUami tf Ma &kMv qr SdMvrjk. 789. EdlD. ITM. *to. PuMljhcd occmIiiiuIIt. 
TVatf.Ja.TtaK.9B4 Ti^ti^UkiDliiTi|C.)Timttatad^LIAIbertdellaTo«ui. Flcmwt^ ISDI. 

TVatt. Ank. 406. I 

- - —■ ■ 'I., KDUcwummooominii. vindiib. 1SS3, 1BS4. 4Toii. Hn 

--'— 16es. TnTelllni MauoraBdumi nude In a Taui au , ... 

EdlD. I79S. S 



V.Aitk.V». lM.Tnttlnlek, AithlT.derOewKhiknnde. Vlenn. ISIl— 181!. S tai 

If.Aa, 74!. Id., RDUCwum Uooomibii. Vlndiib. ISSS, 1894. 4 tuU. HneU Sro. 

_-..>_-.. j.^. jggg TnTelllng MauoraBdumi nude In a Taui 00 ttae Coitl 

9S ud I7S8. Bt FnocU «udMi, Lonl OudenKane. Edln. I 

North Ameila ; «nUlnlng lu Silur.] Hlrtorj, wilta (fae ClTil. Eccle- 
liiSUUof IheCount^. By P. KDm. InSweduta. Stoekh.l7S3,17SS. 



>] HMon, 1 
. InSwei''- 

lU Countllee arEurape, A 



nd, Runie, S' 



«th ttaegouttaeniProTliiceeofttaeRuHlwiI^re, in the Van 179}— 

IT9i. BrP. S.Pallu. fToU.Mo. 
TVaiiiAiiiiniuUc.4ndTVUn.Mll. TnTeU Mnoag tta« Anb Titb~ of SrrU BTJ.SLBudf 

iDghiiiB. LoBd.ins. 4ta. 
7Va(i(*>.4i>KTiiii*>I7SS. 11£1. See TVokO, S56. 

TraneUtnJUalUner.tf^iai. B J. MiodaaeJd Klimler. Loddon, 1818. gn. 
TrmmUlnBtm.tVK. Sme OHiltr'! Trawdi. 
TTmmUinatiirtlam^aorida,Vm. »t BartramU Trat^. 
~ " "' ByDr. - - - ■ — - 

„ _Be"7>««lI SStT 

. BrStrWIIIUmOiueleT. LoBdoD, 1810. 

1 rnm D, iKnmi. il75. See HnlTi TrattU In aeallimd. 

TrawtUtnlJU IaUanblei,tc.^^. Tist^ ID ttae loDtu Iiluida, AltaDlL Tbemli, Ae. BrDr. 

HDlhnd, In 1813— 1814. Imd. 1815. 4to. 
TraeeU In Ikt Ltvamt. SSOl . See Oliaier'! TroveU. 

IVucd M M( JVfniT. M30. Bum» (A.). TriTeUinia BoUum, ftc London, 1834. Stc1i.Bto. 
TVaKKii>MeP<Tiii«m.<iK&>. MM. See Piefiri^-i TVmft, «e. 
I>VH(i«>Me T\inaliiue. 1430. TnieU in the^TireDtiUe, &c. Br B. BikencU, ^. Londin, 

Mrewl J)<i4>ta 1817. MTl. See S<iiia>'i TVaiicfi, 4^. 
4«. iSO». See BonlelKr-i TreaUie m raitiagFarttl Trrti. 



SSi? 



CCXXIV LIST OF BOOKS RKFERRED T(X 

TVtaUxaaa^Art/i. mi. TrcMtac ob CItII AicblUKCuc. BjarWimji 

ItiaUMc <■ CaiBtlTf Baklaua. £385. A TnMtoc ni Iht KinDlng, itnpniTtiii 
tiT BHUteuM, &c by J, C Lcmrbiii. F.L.aL, «c. LoDil. liUtf, il •dU 
TVnOft SD forsf lym I<M. EnrJ IluldiiiitDn. 1733. 

B17, 
lUrr FTlDci|ik> dT CujioMr). Br l^imiu T 



^ ..X Wlttim'i Trraiiti. 

Ttratlir im Uh Oretiti, Qiulilla, aiid_Uia i^ IMt Jcatia Tra. 617. ert }FWurt't T^iMieiml». 



JViw<rJmii'i 0.. _ 

7Va> £tr. Stl. Sea I>nii &i. 

TrtwSel.iM. C. J.Trew, FlulMi<d«t>itiEknt.[<lcitK 1750-170. FdL 

IVIVMn. 1975. Sn Dir TrlVllrtmm. 

TWwi'* BotaL ia. Sh 7Viwt'i MniKt qf Hcria. 

7Wl>rr'l 1«>H i^ Btrta. 3& A N» HrImU ; Irltll tlw NlM Df Kcrin IB OineL LatlD, 

Dutcll, FtCDC±i,4c. 1 witfa DlltOdDUl ■oad^inmTlnn, 1d flputi. PL I., LoDdDo, L[k51, Ail. I 

pt. !., Cclte, l^ ftil, 
TteTLOlViit. il.dii^ar. 1S12, Poltcau ct TuiplD, nDic PirlileDiic, Arii, 1808, et bIt. Fol. 



Etafnrtei* JV«. «186. UngriBlia HMgulB von a C. Von WlndiKh. Pr^ig, ITSl—im 



TMSKtm. VKO. Hirtlinu Viht, EoiuDCnlki Plaatinini. Hmuilie, 1605, laOG. iT 
ViM R Dw, UM. 3« R. Hat. 

Fakl Sum*. U., STmbolii BotiuliK HwdIk, im>— 17M, 3 (uc ftiL 
Fcita»«^ai^ViiUHit(S.)^aaudc«iP>ildaw. Lu» Bu. 17«3. Sm. 

pimUtmg amd Traimli^ Tlmiter nW Iffi. Br Dr. ADdcnBB, undi 

11», Bj 8. Hils, L«^oo, ITIT, 8td i ed. 3., lT33j ed. 3, li 



m. ApsmbTn 
I, DeKriHiondi*. 
I. leil, Oum., Ra 



Ptutei ssuTdlM 01 



iSS. Sn ^'cix. Holiii. 
, y^lglt. im Id^IUIiu duIU^cVt^^ Mi, IT 



n.im-ieos. f 



ui vetoiecbaiipcn. BntiTii lut Boaenlui. ITTO— 17IH. 6 tdIi. Ih 
■ol lUcr i«c SlcLamarflHic ttr MMn.SU. Sec Om^i DtUa. 
iM W c m tnt». 1748. Vctuua ■OuiiiHBt* qn iid Renna BitUi 
riului SadBtu ADtlquiiiDfum LoDdlnl tumptii «uo edaidft cvni 



rilL DtiiflL IBl. Sn nilan-i PlaMlri im DamMiil. 

VUL Proip. Sa. ViimilI.1,ProqwIuidaillMnlndvPlulailuDauphUii. OmwbK IT^ 

yaiarii flala dm Da^pltimd. «76. Id., HIKidie dM Flintei du D>up£in«. Onnoble, ITW- 

Flrfll Xm., Driitm-t TVani. 17M, Drrdcn^i TniuUtlDD dT Viitfi, Ceict^ «L L«L IflOE. 3 

' ~" ~' ' Ei £0«. ZcriL »7. PlutBD>tBicacBDUBeprimumedllaiR.DeVliUni,H.D., 

butenue, ftc. HidlDL ITW-^TSC. 6 




'n. London. IT09, fiil. 



TrAU.nSBK.im, O. Wililaibc>|,nenSuKiaL Upul, laM-USG. SioU. 



LIST OF BOOK3 RKF£RR£D TO. CCXS.V 

WM. BeU. S30. Id, Dt VifMUku tt CUmit* iD lUiiUi SwtmtrlouU, inm abnum M 

Arolui. Tnrici, ISU. 8n>. 
Watlni. n. CBrp. (6a. Id, FlonCupUonun piliidpilian^ «hlberu FlantulnHDntlbiuCu- 

pUtdi, iDtK ilunlni WHguiii « lhmaieu,cnBaita i cum TnctMu d( AluIudiDE, &i:., bonuD 

Hontjitiii. OftHna, IJIi. 6n 
IFaUni». A. Z^. iSh. Id., Flon I^pfwila, io Iliwrlbui UOO-ISIO daDuo InTstlgua. Dvo- 

WnUtLct XK. A: ffw. 378. B« ICaAlU. tl KiL PL Sar. Hw. 

WaUit d KU. Pl. Bar. B—g. Ssa. Waldit^ M ktlaitiel, OacriptiimM M Iconet FluiUnin 

rBiotum HiuiflMrlK, Visine, IftB— I8I£. 3 voiL Ibllo. 
Wall. JilaL Xrt. SBO. Kiilb. WtUiDli. Aiiitic ItaarebB; oi, TVuMetioBi ur tbe SadetT luti. 
_ tutadMBcn^ IJBS. ita 

WaO. CaL tni. ^■IIieb'> KS. Citaliwu ol the Pbnti «nitaintd : 
_ iBdla CoiBiiuT, now In tht Peannriin of tbg linimn Eocletr- 
mia. H. M 100. Id., TeDtaiiienIk«>lepa]«(ud(lUiutnI& Cal 
RUt MSS. »8. See ^aU. Oa 
S>JL PJL Jt. Xor. MS. Stt» 
WZ fl A4M. Bar- 3X. Id.. ^.«.m. 

Hmiliec oT luwubUihed Flanti M 
_ aOOplatM 

n».SaM7K F.W.WillrMb,8ctaadul>eDiitiatdePlanli>FlimH*leulaiMeclla,«c; Uala. 
_ IStt g™. 
WgOnH Mimag. B13. T. O, WaDroita, Bm» FlanlvniB OaiMria HlnccU ncciiicu, lic Nont. 

bniB, 1S& Sm 
^itMr'1 MeiMfr i . «00. Walpoia'i (R.1 Hamoln lelitint to Eunnin and Adatlc Tutker, fte. 

_ XiDdiD, ms. ■■ 

ITaMV HUBit « id Wa]ih'i HM«t of ttae atj ol DubBn, fte, wHh 

Wall.Or.eBSt 

WoU. ri.car.au 

WmU. Bm. I»l. 



ta. Loadiia, 1TB8. Sto. 
iium Horli (jui. Upalit, tTK Bn. 
ac, In itae tean iflS, 1816, ISEO, ai 
Mad. 18»k^> 3dcd.lB3a,iDaII»T 



»p«%t. Jin. aacL 

ICaiif. &)i«r. GB adfihi 

_ &iv^\m. a 

^•1«. Ant lam Sae Ifai». BraU. 

W m im k.Jmir. fl9L Sai wSw. I^rfr. 

mAL Doi^ ITCt Sea Watin^Dni. BriL 

r^Otmlr.tnLUn. Sae Winml Datd. am. 

ITMnVOaM. Mt Ittl. P. W. WMaoo, DeDdrcili«ia BritaDnleai or Tren lod Sbrul 

wUlUTalnltaeaKB. -^- ' -" " ' ■'*' 

lUn-t Ouuim. tblS. 

WatHn. Leodan, llw. 
WMamd Bertliela; AblBtrt yattBtlUSit Ha Camarta. J3Se. UMiHn NMunDi 'ds IiIh 

rlia. Fu^MH. P. BiAerWdibMSaUnBeittaotet Puia. iSSS-ISSR. <ta and M., nin^ I 
fTiOe tmd Hta-i SiM QtrvimtiieL ^SS. A. WMhi M C O. Neea ib &enbeck. BuH Geni 
_ Bonn,lsa Fol.jpl.63. 

Wirm4U.Erle.lOil. 7 C. WendUnd, Eilcanm Icnnei M DnciiplloDiL ITseMaeq. tto. 
IFBiift. Heit. Id., HortiB UnnmhuHBua. ITSS-^lSOl. 4 Itac lU. 
WtudL Mt <9S. Wendland [J. C.], Botanliche BectacbtuDia oeM ilBitB ne 

Aitan. HamioTet, ITgS. Fol. 
irm.See. TVoiu 1137. Bee ICinKrtoa IVimj. 
Vmrtoii TV»H. ITU4. Ifiuolii af the WsDaiiiD Natonl matsrT SodMy. KUnbunb, 1811, 

Wt1ifliaffaiul*iHr%.i^Siir<ittaiidIM.\m. Brlilol,IB3& Sto. 

^ftrm Tlw*. isn. A {itoTlndal tnw^apar. 

meetJMiSeBv Se* m«ler'jA>irw«. 

IFiMrVJtanKW. toa A JourDer InJa Oreecc In Itaa CompanT oT Dr. f^ of Ljooi. BfSlrO. 

WbeMM. lSdAod^IOK Foat 
IFW. OraMH. 1«S& Sn wmakrfi BHUrr ig Cmtn. 
mWttHkr-ijnitgTvif fVoMi. USSl KMofTand Antliniitlm of thc Deanerror Crattn, Id tha 

CBBDtTorrar^ By tb« B»t. T. Wblttaln*. •—'—<'" "-■- 



S. Brt 

A.O. 




mSdtDaw-iAiinnDU. IIS. Id., Berlinliclio Bamnnicht. 
IFIIUmh*^ fMDiKraMM artte Piawi «r 1*1 ^rrlM itetal a 
_ ram Bottl BanflneDib. Bml. ISoSi tToUSto. 
Watim'1 AmtrlcaK OnMm^. K. Amerlcan Omltbolqn i 
MtheUDiudSIMei. FCnadelphla, l8ne-lSI4 Sto&.j 



• 



CCXXVl LI8T OF BOOK8 REFERRED TO. 



Wibiek Qtogr. DttMb. Tm. An Emy on tfae Oeo|nDlikal DUtrfbutlon of PUnti tbvough ttae 
CouDtiM of Northttmberland, CambMlind, and Duriiam. B7N. J. Wlnch. Newcattle. Ed. 2. 
182SL Pamph. Sra 

WUkaim^s Bo&mm, 1823. A Sjttematlcal AmmnmeDt of BritUi Fhmt*. By W. Witbertai(, HD. 
BlrmiDsham, 1776, 8 toIs. 8ro ; ed. 7. with additioDf, London, 1830» 4 TOla. 8?o. 

WUMen^t Treat. 611. See WUkert*t TretUite om tke Jcaela. 

Witkert't TreaUae. 616. See WMker^t lymilite om tke Aeada. 

Witkert*t TreaHte om ike Acada. 616. A Treatiie on the Growth, ^{uaUtlet, and Uiea oT the Acada 
Tree,fte. By W. Witbera, Bm^of Holt, Noribik. 1836. 8to. Not pobliahed. 

Wo^t MUtkmary Jomrmal 841L Wolff (J.), HiMionarj JoomaL Londan, 1827—1829. S vola. 8vo. 

Wood^t BowmmCt Olorp. 208& Tbe Bowman*a CHorj, or Archery Rerived; giriDg an Aocount of 
the manjaignal FaToun rouchaafed to Ardien and Axchery tqr thoie renowned Monarchi 
King Henry VIII., Jamea, and Chariei I., aa by their iereral gracioua Commiationa bere redted 
may appear. With a brief Rdati<m of the Hanner of Arcnen marching on several Daya of 
Solenmlty. Publiahed by William Wood, Martial to the Rcgiment of Archen. London, 
1688. ISma 

Woodkomtele^t L^fe qf Lard Kaimet. 9«. Memoln of the Life and Writina of the Hon. Henry 
Home of Kamea. By A. F. TyOer, Lovd Woodhouaalee Edbib. 1807. 8 ▼olt. 4ta 

Woodlamdt. I8& The Woodlanda. By WiUtam Cobbett London, 1885. Sro. 

Wood)tiU^t Med. Sot 485. Medical Botany; contahiing Syitematic and General Deacriptiooa, wlth 
Platea, of all the Medicinal Planta, mdlgenoua and ezotle, ftc. By W. WoodTille, M.D. 
London, 1790L S toU. 4ta 

WoodmUet Med. BoL SmL 303. See WoodoiUe^t Med. BoL 

Wordt. Foenu. 1939. Wordaworthl Poemi. 

Workt im Froee mmd Ferte. 91 See Femmifeuiek*t Workt im Prote amd Verte. 

Y. 

Yatei^t AeeoamttflNew Zealamd. 9904. In the Loodon PhiL Mag. 

Yardle^ Ckate. 1786. See Cowper^t Yardleti Ckate. 

Year. 1883. A poem by Bldlake. 

Youma*t Anmait cf AgricmUmre. 615. Annali of Agriculture and other uaeAil Arti. Publiihed In 

NicML Bury St Edmundi, 1790— 180L 40Toli.8fa 
Yaama^t Ettex. 1760. General View of the Agxiculture of the County of Enez. By A. Young. 

£(Dodon, 1807. 8 toIi. 8vo. 
Yomt^*t Toar im Ireiamd. 8336. See IriaJb TVMir. 

Z. 

Zatt. Hltt. 18SS. J. Zanoni. Rariorum Stirpium HlitorU : ex parte oUm edlta ; nunc Centum plua 

Tabulii aanpliata. Ed. C. Montio. Bonon. 1748. Fol. pl. 185. 
Teoiogioai Jomrmai. ti¥k Zoological JoumaL Loodan, 18», ftc. Sra 



ccxxvn 



CONTENTS OF VOL. I. 



The Bomaii niiiiieraU refer to tbe General Teble of Contents, p. xvli. to cliiL, where the ipeclai and 
▼aiietiet, with all thelr fjmonyme», wtll be foond •yatematically arranged ; the fint colomn of Araoic figurea, 
to the pasea of the text in thia Tolame ; and the seoond, to thoie of tne supplementary matter oontained in 
Vol. IVT 

The namet of the haif-hardy and •uifraticoae oidert and genera are In small type. 







I. 


I. 


IV. 




I. 


X. 


IV. 




RanuneuldcecB. 


•• 
xvn 


SSl 


2534 


Cruciace(B. 


xxi. 


312 






Cl.KMATl'l>BJB. - 


xvii. 


S32 


8534 


raia 

Cree$'RoekeL 


xxi. 


312 






Cl&natifl 

Ladif^t Bower. 
TrapeUer*» Joy. 


xvii. 


938 


2534 


ChcliiindMU 
Vcddila 
Alimun 
iMrit 


sxl. 
xxl. 
xxl. 
xxl. 


315 
S18 
S13 
31S 


tssi 

tS86 




itoigene - 


• • 

xvu. 


246 




L&ptihan 
Alft/mibilaiii 


xxl. 
xxl. 


81S 
SIS 






Pmothia^cma 


»•« 

XVUL 


249 


2535 


CkgopoHddceiB* • 


xxL 


313 






Fmnma 


... 
XVIU. 


249 


2535 


*^P5?* ^^' 


xxl. 


313 






TreeFmfmg. 








GfjwrBMak. 










Xanthorfaisa X. - 


• • • 

XVUl. 


255 














FeBovJtool. 








CigtdcetE. 


xxL 


316 


2538 




IFmllerkcefe. - 


• •• 

XVUl. 


256 




Cistiu L. 
BoekRose. 


xxi. 


317 


2538 




IlUdinB 

- '— j» — 


stUI. 


tS6 




Heliinthemum Toum 


xxiL 


317 


2538 




^■■■■n m rwV« 








SmmBoee. 










MagnoCi^iXXXR* - 


xix. 


259 


2536 


Hudadnia 


XXV. 


354 






Maffn^Ua 

Uwbrdla Tree. 


xix. 


259 


8536 


Fofyffoldcea. - 


XXV. 

XXTi. 


354 

SS6 


•4n 




Cmemmber Tree. 








'^'&hU ' 


■990 




Indiam, PkjfMie. 


















Lmoddndron L. 


xix. 


884 


8536 


^^m M m \ 










TmUpTree. 








PiUosparixceiB. - 


xxvi. 


356 






JtaHMMia 

DUkniiiCett. - 


slx. 
xix. 

xix. 


191 
t91 

292 




BlllndUniSin. 

Apflt Bnry. 
SdUTCXbidl. 

»*»--^ «fc ■ — 

rnUMIMIIUU flMMGi 

BtelwMDK. 


xxtL 

xxsl. 
xxtI. 


SS6 

SS7 

sss 

SS9 






HftMHfa 


sls. 


tn 




BonkrteCM. 
ChdnDthtra Lfa«. 


xxtI. 
xxtL 


sse 

SS9 






Anondcee. - 


XX. 


293 


2536 


CcuyophtfUdcea. 


xxvi. 


35a 






Admma Adans. 


XX. 


292 


2536 


Dtfmhw 


xxrt. 


SS9 






Cmeiard Apple. 








Tn» CbM Pfdk. 
SUte* L. 
AMnkxtalP. 


BcH. 
xxtL 


SS9 

8S9 






ScktzaandrdoMR* - 


XX. 


295 




Or^L. 


XXTl. 


809 








XX. 


t06 




hindceiB. 


xxvi. 


360 






tmti^ 


XX. 


tto 




LOmmL. 

TrMFtmM. 


xxtI. 


8S0 






XieniipenndafiB* 

^m ^ m M 


XX. 


295 




MalvdceiB. 


xxvL 


360 






Menupennum - 


XX. 


296 














■Mflcmffif. 








Lavitera 


xxvL 


360 






Ctenlns 


XX. 


297 




TreeMaOow. 
fiibifious - 


xxvL 


361 






Berberilceee. - 


XX. 


298 


2536 


ilAAM IVarfcr. 

SlteBMy. 


xxvi. 


86S 




JScroeTU * ~ 


XX. 


298 


2536 










k 










SiercuUdceiB. 

am. % *• 


Mp^B^» 


363 




t 


Beroerrw. 
llahdma Niitt 


xxL 


308 


2537 


XXV. 






AABerberrff. 








Sterci!kha 


XXV. 


363 





ccxxvui 



contents OF VOL. I. 



Tilutcea. 



Mia L, - 
Lime Tree. 
Linde»Tree. 

TemsirdmBcets. 

Malachod^ndron Cav, 
Stxdrtia Cav. - 
Gordonia Ellis - 
LobioUg Saif. 

CAm«IUa L. 

Th*aU 

TmTrm. 
EhxjuMagU 



I. 
XXTU. 

xxvii. 

ixtU. 



I. 

364 
364 

S76 



xxviL 376 



XXTUU 
••• 
XXYllL 

XXXTUL 
nnriU. 



377 
378 
387 

381 



IV. 

2538 
2538 

8540 

2540 
2540 

1540 



AuranHdcetB. 

CMactu 
Oi 
Umbmia 



.TKr"- 



Yiypericdce^. - 

firp^rieam X.. - 
* St. Joku*$ Wort. 
ytfndross^mum Choi». - 
Tutsm». 

A.cerdcetB» 

MapU. 
Svcetmore. 

Neffundo 
Box Elder. 

MecHldcetB. 

• 

^sculus 

Hor$eeke$tmmi. 
Tkvia 

Budteye. 



XXIX. 

ulx. 

X3ClZ. 

xxix. 

xxix. 

XXX* 

xxx^ 

XXX. 



885 

3d5 

895 

397 
397 

397 

404 
405 



2540 



2541 
2541 



2541 
2541 



MelictcecB. 



irttia 



I. 

- xxxiii. 

miil. 



XXX. 460 2543 



xxxu. 
xxxii. 

•xxxii. 



462 
462 

469 



2543 
2543 

2543 



SapinddcecR. - xxxiii. 474 



Kolreut&rta Laxm. 

UodoaaV L. 



xxxiiL 475 

nziii. 470 



Baad Tr»$, «r ImdtM LttM€. 

WiidcecR. 

ntis - 

Qrape Vine. 
Ampel6psis - 

Fhfe-letned Ivy. 

VirgimaH Creeper. 
Cteas 



GeranidceiB. - 

PdnRtalani 

ZjfgophyUdcecB. • 

Ifdlintlini 
ZjjgoBhyiliun 



RutdceiB, 



XXXUl. 



XXXIU. 

xxxiiL 
mUi. 

xxxiv. 

ziadT. 

XXXIT. 

sxsiv. 
zzsiv. 



" XXXIY. 

- xxxiv. 



Rikta, 

Rue. 
Aplopb^Uum Andr. Jum. xxxiT. 

Xanthoxyldcea. - xxxiv. 

Xanth6xylum - - xxxiv. 

Toothadu Tree, or PHeUf^ A$h. 
Pt^ea - - xxxiv. 

SkrMv TrrfoiL 
AUdntuM - - xxxiv. 

Jitafiio. 



CoridcetB, 

Cbriaria Nits. - 

Siaphyledi 

Staphylea 

Btadder-nut Tree. 



XXXIV. 

- xxxiv. 



1. IV. 
476 

476 



477 2544 

477 

481 2544 

488 

483 

48S 

484 

484 
484 

484 2544 
484 2544 

467 

488 2544 
488 

489 2544 
490 

492 2545 
492 2545 



- xxxiv. 493 

- xxxiv. 493 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO VOL, I. 



ccxxis^ 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO VOL. I. 



^^cer 




I. 


I. 


IV. 




I. 


I. 


IV. 


- 


XXX. 


405 


2541 


HifperiecteeiB - 


xxix. 


397 


2541 




- 


XXX. 


404 


2541 


ITyp^cum Z. - 


xxix. 


397 


2541 


MseuUUxte 


. 


xxxiL 


462 


2543 


/bMa L. 


zzl. 


818 


9538 


^Bculiu L. - 
AUanto 


m 


xxxii. 
xxxiy. 


462 
490 


2543 


IndluiLllae 

Indian Pfaysic - 

lUiduin L. 


zzzilL 

xix. 

ztIIL 


476 

276 

856 


2536 


AUaKtuM 


• 


xxxiv. 


490 




Kadakm 


zz. 


995 




AlthcaFrutex - 


m 


xxtL 


S6l 




Kolreuterta Laxm. - 


• •• 

XXXIII. 


475 




At^mHoa 


• 


nrl. 


813 




Ladies' Bower - 


• • 

xvu. 


232 


2534 


Ampel6p8is - 


. 


xxxiiL 


481 


2544 


LftTAani 


zztI. 


860 




Anoni^eaB 


- 


XX. 


292 


2536 


Le^idiam 

Lime Tree - 


zzi. 

xxviL 


818 

364 


2538 


^ndrosn^um ChoU. 


XXX. 


397 




JUMbnfaDeo. 


zxiz. 


895 


mi^^%^\^ 


AAmATfm 


• 


ZTiiL 


£56 




Ltaketm 


zztL 


360 




Aplopfaf llum And^ Jmss. 


xxxir. 

■ 


487 




Liriod^ndron X. 


XXTi. 

xix. 


860 

284 


2536 


Apple Berry - 




XXVI. 
szvl. 


356 

859 




Loblolly Bay 


X. 


387 




Aafa-faubenr 




xxL 


308 


2537 


Magnolia 


xix. 


260 


2536 




XX. 


292 


2536 


MiXffnoRkcetd - 


xix. 


259 


2536 


^jtrfgene L, 




■ a • 

XTIU 


246 


2540 


Mahdma Nutt 


xxL 


308 


2537 


Barberry 

BmATtm 




sztac. 


895 


9440 


Malacfaoddndron Cav. 


xxviL 


377 






XV. 

zuUL 


298 

476 


2536 


Malvilceai 


XX vL 


360 




BonCaiMr 




ZSZiT. 


486 




Mm^difHM 


zlz. 


991 




BerbcraeeB - 




XX. 


298 


2536 


Maple 


XXX. 


405 


2541 


BMerUlu - 




XX. 


298 


2536 


JMla 
MorUcM 


zszfli. 


476 
476 




llllt ■■! 11 1 ■ *■-- 




xnL 


856 




MaUtfnthwL. 


zzzhr. 


484 




Bladder-nut Troe 




xxxiv. 


493 




Menitpermdeeti 


XX. 


296 




Box Elder - 




xxxL 


460 


2543 


Menisp^rmum Z. 


XX. 


296 




Bmliite Oavu 




mi. 


859 




Mlchtlte 


zlz. 


891 




CiodUsL. 




szvUL 


881 


9540 


MUkwoft 


zztL 


856 


9998 


CampmrUdetm 
CbAm&^LlHiL 




xzl. 
zzL 


818 
818 




Moonseed 


XX. 


296 






zzL 
zzri. 
zzvL 


818 
899 
850 




NegHindo 

OtmmTtm 

Aeonia L. - 


XXX. 

Z3dz. 


460 

885 


2543 


CbcMbitlnn 
ammL, 




zzL 
zzzilL 


819 
488 


9888 


... 
XVIU. 


249 


2535 


CiMtieem - 




xxL 


316 


2538 


Pooni^oeflB 


• • ■ 

XVUl. 


249 


2335 


CiatuflX. 




xxL 


317 


2538 


^S^. 


ZTlll. 


849 


8585 


OatmL. 




Ixzlz. 


8B5 




Plivia 


xxxiL 


469 


2543 


OemaHdemlu 
Cl^matis 




XV11. 

xvii. 


232 
232 


2534 
2534 


fffTwyiniiTiin 
Pmoifiifium 
PlttdqMram BMJb 


zzzIt. 
zztL 
zztI. 


488 
856 
858 




OfffvFtakTnB 






859 




S'*^ 


ZZfl. 


856 


953B 


CoruieuB 




zz. 

zxxiv. 


897 

492 


2545 


Tolj^nlmm .. 


zztI. 

xxxiv. 


855 

489 


2544 


CbrumaAiM. - 




xxxiv. 


492 


2545 


BjanuneuliUxiB - 


xviL 


231 


2534 


CHccidcea 




xxL 


312 


2538 


Rock Ro8e - 


xxL 


317 


2538 


Cucnmfaer Tree 




xix. 


273 


2536 


Rue 


xxxix. 


484 


2544 


Custard Apple 




XX. 


292 


2536 


i^ikta L. ' 


xxxiv. 


484 


2544 


VUaOM 




zzvl. 


859 




RvtdeeeB 


xxxiv. 


484 


2544 


Dodou^aL. 




ziz. 
ziziil. 


999 

476 




Sapinddeea 


xxxiiL 


474 




S^t^ 




BCH. 


899 




BehiatfndnJra. • 


ZX* 


995 




5*5^5^ 




zzlz. 


895 




*HiiuirfilrAtm 


yr- 


895 




OetmMam 






488 




BmikeiaDm. • 


ZZtI. 


390 




Gordonta Ellis 




xxvm. 


378 


2540 


Shrubby Trefoil 


xxxiv. 


489 




Grape Vine - 




• •• 

XXXUL 


477 




AdftllMs. 
SUte* L. 


zztI. 
zztI. 


863 

359 




a»ftwlaL. 

^eliinthemum Towm, 


zzvlL 

xxu. 


876 

328 


8540 

2538 


Sbfmfailttui 
Sdflj* lindl. 


xzL 

zztI. 


818 
357 




BOMrtla 


^ 


zlz. 


999 




Sph«attaia 


zz. 


995 


,< 


iiabSseus L. - 


. 


xxvL 


361 




SUpfayl^ 


xxxiv. 


493 




Horsechestnut 


„ 


xxxiL 


462 


2543 


Siaphyiedeea 


xxxiv. 


493 




Hudtonia 


. 


XXV, 


354 




Sterwi/ttw 


zztL 
zztI. 


868 
863 





ocxxx 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO VOL. I* 



Sl John*8 Wort 
Stuirtta Cay. 
Sun Rose 
Sycamore - 

TMTraa 

TwauttOmldetm 

TMaL. 

Tilia Z. 
Tiliice» 
Toothache Tree 
Traveller^s Joy 
Tree Flax -. 

TraeMallov 
TtmVweaaj 

TuUp Tree - 



I. 


I. 


IV. 






I. 


I. 


TV. 


xziv. 


397 


2541 


Tutsan 


- 


XXX. 


397 




xxviii. 


378 




Umbrella Tree 


- 


xix. 


269 


2536 


xxiL 


328 


2538 


Fglla L, 


- 


xxi. 


312 




XXX. 


414. 


2542 


Foleltrift 


- 


zzi. 


818 






39S 




Virginian Creeper 


- 


xxxiiL 


481 


2544 


xnil. 
zzls. 

xxvii. 


376 
SM 

364 


1540 

2538 


Virffin^s Bower 
ritioeae 


m 
• 


xviL 

• •• 

xxxiii. 


285 

477 


2534 
2544 


xxviL 


364 


2538 


F\i3B 


- 


xxxiiL 


477 


• 


• 


M MtfH 




WlnMKtotf 


• 


zvilL 


156 




XXXIV. 


488 




Xanthorhlza L. 


. 


• •• 

XV111. 


255 




xviL 

■ 


235 


2534 


Xanthoxyliceie 


m 


xxxiv. 


488 


2544 


XXVL 


360 




Xanth6xylum L, 
Tdlow Root - 


« 


xxxiv. 


488 




xzvL 

ZTill. 


860 

M9 




m 


• •• 

XVIU. 


255 




xix. 


284 




ZygopbyllkoHB • 
T^ftaptiVtam L, 


• 




4S4 
48« 





ARBORETUM ET FRUTICETUM 

BRITANNICUM. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Thouoh, from our title, the Arboretum et FnUicettm Britan^ 
ntcunif the reader may expect to find chiefly a history and de- 
scription of the trees and shrubs which endure the open air in 
Britain, yet we mean to connect this history with that of the 
trees and shrubs of all similar climates throughout the world, in 
such a manner as to show wbat has been done in the way of 
introducing them, and what may be anticipated from future 
exertions. The Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum may, there- 
ibre, be considered as a General History of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Temperate Climates, but more especially of those of Britain. 

Trees are not only, in appearance, the most striking and grand 
objects of the vegetable creation; but, in reality, they arethose 
which contribute the most to human comfort and improvement. 
If cereal grasses and edible roots are essential for supplying food 
to sustain human existence, trees are not less so for supplying 
timber, without which, there could neither be the houses and 
fomiture of civilised life, nor the machines of commerce and 
refinement. Man may live and be clothed in a savage, and even 
in a pastoral, state by herbaceous productions alone ; but he can- 
not advance farther : he cannot tili the ground, or build houses 
or ships» he cannot become an agriculturist or a merchant, 
without die use of trees. 

Trees and shrubs also supply an important part of the food 
of mankind in many countries ; besides all the more delicate 
luxuries of the table, and the noblest of human drinks in every 
part of the globe. The fruit of the palms, and of other trees of 
tropical climates, are as essential to the natives of those coun- 
tries, as the com and the edible roots of the herbaceous plants 
of temperate climates are to us. Wine, cider, arrack, and other 
liquors, are the products of trees and shrubs ; as are also our more 
useful and exquisite fruits, the apple, pear, plum, peach, orange, 
mango, and many others. Not to insist in detail on the various 

♦b 2 



INTRODUCTION. 



uses of trees and shrubs, it may be sufficient to observe, that 
there is hardly an art or a manufacture, in which timber, or 
some other ligneous product, is not, in one way or other, em<- 
ployed to produce it. 

The use of trees in artificial plantations, in giving sbelter or 
sbade to lands exposed to high winds or to a buming sun, and 
in improving the climate anageneral appearance of whole tracts 
of country ; in forming avenues to public or private roads, and 
in omamenting our parks and pleasure-grounds, is too well 
known to require to be enlarged on here. 

Every one feels that trees are among the grandest and most 
ornamental objects of natural scenery : what would landscapes 
be without them ? Where wouid be tbe charm of hills, plains, 
valleys, rocks, rivers, cascades, lakes, or islands, without the 
hanging wood, the widely extended forest, the open grove, the 
scattered groups, the varied clothing, the shade and intricacy, 
the contrast, and the variety of form and colour, conferred by 
trees and shrubs ? A tree is a grand object in itself ; its bold 
perpendicular elevation, and its commanding attitude, render it 
sublime ; and this expression is greatly heightened bv our know- 
ledge of its age, stabilitv, and duration. The characteristic 
beauties of the general forms of trees are as various as their 
species ; and equally so are the beauty and variety of the rami- 
fications of their branches, spray, buds, leaves, flowers, and 
fruit. The changes in the colour of the foliage of trees, at 
different seasons of the year, alone form a source of ever-varying 
beauty, and of perpetual enjoyment to the lovers of nature. 
What can be more interesting than to watch the developement 
of the bods of trees in spring, or the daily changes which take 
place in the colour of their roliage in autumn ? — But to point 
out here all the various and characteristic beauties of trees, would 
be to anticipate what we shall have to say hereafter of the 
different species and varieties enumerated in our Work. 

Shrubs, to many of the beauties of trees, frequentiy add those 
of herbaceous plants ; and produce flowers, unequalled both for 
beauty and iragrance. What flower, for example, is compa- 
rable in beauty of form and colour, in fragrance, and in inte- 
resting associations, with the rose ? The flower of the honey- 
suckle has been admired from the most remote antiquity, and 
forms as frequent an ornament of classic, as the rose does of 
Gothic, architecture. In British gardens, what could compensate 
us, in winter, for the arbutus and the laurustinus, or even the 
common laurel and the common ivy, as ornamental evergreens ; 
for the flowers of the rhododendron, azalea, kalmia, and 
mezereon, in spring; or for the fruitof the gooseberry, currant, 
and raspberry, in summer ? And what hedge plant, either in 
Europe or America, equala the common hawthom ? In short. 



IMTRODUCTION. 3 

if trees may be compared to the columns which support the 
portico of a temple, shrubs may be considered as the statues 
which surmount its pediment, and as the sculptures which orna- 
ment its frieze. 

It is not to be wondered at, that trees and shrubs should have 
excited the attention of mankind in all civilised countries, and 
that our accumulated experience respecting them should be con- 
siderable. The first characteristic instinct of civilised society is, 
to improve the natural productions by which we are surrounded ; 
and the next is, by commerce to appropriate and establish in our 
own country tbe productions of others, while we ffive our own 
productions in exchange ; and, thus, the tendency of all improve- 
ment seems to be to the equalisation of enjoyment, as weli as to 
its increase. 

Notwithstanding the use» the grandeur, and the beauty of 
timber trees» it is a fect, that, compared with herbaceous vege- 
tables, the number of species distributed over the globe is com- 
paratively snudl. The palms, the banana, the pine-4ipple> and 
other plants, popularly or botanically considered as trees or 
shrubs, though some of them attain a great heightand thickness, 
are, with very few exceptions, of no use as timber. Almost all 
the timber trees of the world, with the exception of the bamboo, 
belong to what botanists denominate the dicotyledonous division 
of vegetables ; and, perhaps, there are not a thousand genera of 
this division on the face of the earth which afibrd timber trees 
exceeding 30 ft. in height. The greater part of these genera, 
supposing such a number to exist, must belong to warm climates ; 
foT in the temperate zones, and in the regions of warm countries 
rendered temperate by their elevation, the number of genera 
containing timber trees 30 ft. in height, as far as hitherto dis- 
covered) does not amount to a hundred. The truth is, that 
between the tropics the greater number of species are ligneous, 
while in the temperate regions there are comparatively few, and 
in the firozen zone scarcely any. It may naturally be expected, 
therefore, that, in the temperate regions, there should only be a 
iew timber trees which are indigenous to each particular country. 
In Britain, for example, there are not above a dozen genera of 
trees, fiimishing in aJl about thirty sptoies, which attain a height 
exceedinff 80 fL ; but there are other countries of similar climates, 
all over tne world, which furnish other genera and species, to 
what is, at present, an unknown extent; and it is thebeautiful 
work of civilisation, of patriotism, and of adventure, first, to col- 
lect these all into our own country, and next, to distribute them 
into others. While Britain, therefore, not only enjoys the trees 
of the rest of Europe, of Nortii America, of the mountains of 
South America, of India, and of China, she distributes her own 
trees, and those which she has appropriated, to each of these 

•b 3 



INTRODUCnON. 



ooantries respectively» and» in short, to all parts of the world ; 
thus contributing almost imperceptibly, but yet most powerfuUy, 
to the progress and equalisation of civilisation and of happiness. 

It must be interesting to the philosopher and the philanthro- 
pist, to know the precise position in which we stand relatively 
to this kind of interchange of natural productions. Much as has 
been done within the last century, there is reason to believe^ 
from the number of countries unexplored, that this department 
of the civilisation of the great human family is yet in its infancy. 
Hence, in a work like the present, which professes to be a 
general history of the trees already in, or suitable for being in- 
troduced into, Great Britain, it seems desirable to commence with 
a general view of all other countrres with reference to those trees 
which they contain which have been already introduced, or 
which, though we do not yet possess, we may expect to obtain 
and establish. This, therefore, will form Part I. of our Work; 
and we trust it will be found of considerable interest, by direct- 
ing the attention of botanical collectorsi travellersi and persons 
resident abroad, to specific objects of research. 

In carrying this intention into effect, we shall oommence by 
taking a general view of the trees and shrubs which were known 
to the ancients ; we shall next ffive an enumeration of those 
which are indigenous to the British Islands ; after which we shall 
treat of the introduction of foreign trees and shrubs into Britain, 
from the earliest records up to the end of the year ISS^, the 
period at which this Work was commenced. 

Having thus discussed the history of the trees and shrubs, 
native and foreign, of the British Islands, we shall next give a 
similar view of the indigenous and introduced trees and shrubs 
of all those other countries which possess, either by geography 
or altitude, climates in any degree analogous to that of Britain. 
This part of the Work wili be concluded by a chapter on the 
literature of the trees and shrubs of temperate climates ; in 
which the principal works which have appeared on the subject} 
both in Europe and America, will be enumerated. 

The next division of our Work, Part IL, will be devoted to 
the science of the study of trees. In tbis part, trees will be 
considered in all their various relations to natureand art They 
will be considered as component parts of the ceneral scenery of 
a country ; in regard to the expression and cnaracter of parti- 
cular kinds; in r^ard to the mode of delineating them pictorialiy, 
and of describing them popularly and botanically. They wili 
also be considered with reference to uncultivated nature, to cul- 
tivated nature, and to man. This part will conclude with a sum- 
mary of particulars to be taken into consideration, in preparing the 
description and natural and economical history of trees and 
shrubs, wbich are to follow as the third part of this Work. 



INTRODUCTION. 5 

Part IIL, which will form our nextdivision, and that, indeed, 
which will comprise by far the greater part of the Work» will be 
the history and desciiption of the different species and vari- 
eties of trees and shrubs, whether native or indigenous, useful 
or omamental, at present cultivated in Britain. 

We shall add to the perfectljr hardy species the names, and 
diort descriptive paragraphs, of some ligneous plants» which have 
been found by cultivators to be half-hardy in the ciimate of Lon- 
don ; and of others, which, from their native countries and habits» 
we think not unlikely to prove so. We make this addition to 
the Arbaretum et Fruticetum BrUannicum for two purposes: 
in the first place, because, by trying species from all countries in 
the open air, some hitherto kept in hot-houses or green^houses 
may be found quite hardy ; such havin^ been the case with 
IL^tria jap6nica, Cyd6nia japonica, Hydrdngea Hortensfo, 
Aicuba jap6nica, and a number of others. We may add, also, 
that, though the nature of a species cannot be so &r altered as 
to fit an inhabitant of a very hot climate for a cold one, yet that 
the habits of individuals admit of considerable variation, and 
that aome plants of warm climates are found to adapt them- 
selves much more readily to cold climates than others. Thus, 
the common passion flower, according to Dr. Walker, when 
first introduced into the Edinburgh Botanic Garden, lost its 
leaves during winter ; but, in the course of afew years, the same 
plant retained the greater part of them at that season. The 
same author relates diat plants of tbe common yew, sent from 
Paris to Stockholm to plant certam designs by Le Notre, laid 
out there for the king of Sweden, all died, though the yew is 
a native of the latter country, as well as of France. 

Every gardener must have observed that the common weeds 
which hiave sprung up in pots, in hot-beds or in hot^houses, when 
these pots happen to be set out in the open air during winter or 
spring are killed, or have their leaves injured ; wbilst the sam^ 
apecies, which have sprung up in the open ground, are growing 
around them in a flourishing condition. 

The obvious conclusions from these facts are, that the habits 
of plants admit of a certain degree of change with regard to the 
climate which they will bear ; that the degree in whicb this power 
exists in any plant is only to be ascertained by experiment ; 
and that the only mode of roaking these experiments is, by trying 
in the open air plants usually kept under glass. There is reason 
to believe, from trials already made, that many of the trees and 
shrubs of Australia, and particularly those of New Zealand and 
Van Diemen's Land, will ultimately become so habituated to tbe 
climate of London, as to live through the winter against a wall, 
with scarcely any protection. 

^B 4 



6 INTRODUCnON. 

The second reason why we have induded a nnmber of half- 
hardy/ or supposed half-hardy, trees and shrubs in this Work is, 
tbat we think there are few scenes in an omamental garden 
or pleasure-ground of greater interest to a person baving any 
knowledge of botany, however slight, than a conservative wali ; 
that is, a wall covered with trees and shrubs, natives of foreign 
climates, which, though they may be killed to the ground during 
winter, yet exhibit a degree of luxurlance during the summer 
season, which they never can display in our green-houses or 
conservatories. Even were all such plants to be killed by frost 
every winter, and a reserve obliged to be kept in green-houses 
or pits to supply their place every spring, stiil, the splendour of 
their appearance during the summer months» and the novelty of 
their forms when compared with those of the spring, usually 
grownjn the open air in Britain, would far more than compen- 
sate for the trouble incurred. When we take into consideration 
how easy it is to have such walls flued, and to heat the borders 
in front of them by small pipes of hot water, the capocities of a 
conservative wall and border appear great beyond anything we 
can at present calculate on ; and we are persuaded tbat, were the 
subject of cdnservative walls warmly taken up by a spirited and 
wealthy individual, something would be produced in this way, 
as superior to our present green-houses and conservatories, as 
these are to the orangeries and green-houses of the time of 
Evelyn, or even of MiUer. Having thus given our reasons for 
the introduction of balf-hardy species of trees and shrubs into 
this Work, we shall next submit a few words with respect to our 
arrangement and treatment of the hardy species. 

The general arrangement o£ the Arboretum et Fruticetum 
Britannicum will be that of the natural sptem; by which, 
whether in botany, zoology, or mineralogy, those objects are 
brought tc^ether which resemble one another in the ereatest 
number of particulars. In describing each spedes, we shall fol- 
low the summary of particulars laid down in the last cbapter of 
Part II. ; giving in succession the identification of the name by 
botanists ; the synonymes, botanical and vemacular ; references 
to published engravings; the specific character; the popular 
description ; the geography ; the history ; the poetical and le- 
gendary allusions ; the properties and uses ; the soil and situ- 
ation ; the propagation and culture ; the accidents and diseases 
which the plant is liable to ; the insects and parasitic plants which 
inhabit it ; examples of its growth in the British Islands and 
on the Continent ; and, lastly, its price in some of the principal 
British, Continental, and American nurseries. 

In identifying the name of every species, or variety, with that 
given to it by botanical writers, we have been guided principally 
by our own examination of the living plant, and comparing it 



INTRODUCTION. 7 

with existiiig engravings and descriptions ; but we have also in 
part relied on the identifications of other botanists.* 

In giving the syoonymesy we have adopted the same rule as in 
giving the identifications. 

Though we have used every exertion in our power to render 
this Work as correct, in a botanical and technical point of view, 
as possible, yet what we consider to be its great practical value 
(and that which will contribute more than any othercauseto the 
main end which we have in view, viz. that of diiFusing a taste 
for planting collections of trees and shrubs,) is, that we have 
described scarcely any tree or shrub which we have not seen 
ourselves, in a living state, within ten miles of London. Some 
exceptions are necessarily introduced ; but, whenever this is done, 
it is either indicated by the paragraph relating to that tree or 
shnib being in very small type ; or, by our indicating in words, 
or by some other means, that we have not seen the plant. 

The shrubs, as &r as practicable, we shall illustrate by en- 
gravings of botanical specimens, to be given along with the text ; 
and alfthese will be to one and the same scale, of 2 in. to 1 fL 
Engravings of the trees will be chiefly given in 8vo or 4to 
plates, apart from the text ; and each of these plates will con- 
tain a pictorial portrait of the tree, and a botanical specimen. 
The pictorial portraits will be of two kinds: first, portraits of 
trees which have been planted ten or twelve years within ten 
miles of London, all to the same scale ; and, secondly, portraits 
of fiill-grown trees, chiefly within the same Iimit% all to another 
scale.f The use of the first class of portraits is, to show, at a 
single glance, the comparative bulk which difierent trees attain 
in a given climate in a given period ; as well as to indicate how 
far difierent kinds of trees, at this early age, show anything 
characteristic in their shape. The portraits of the full^grown 
trees, it is almost unnecessary to observcy are given in order to 
exhibit their ultimate magnitude and d^aracter. By merely 
glancing over these portraits, a planter will see atonce, first, the 
effect which any given tree, purchasable in British nurseries, 
will produce at ten years' growth ; and, secondly, what its ap- 
pearance will be when it has arrived at its average size. 

It wiil be found that in this Work we have, in various instances, 
reduced the number of species, and even, in some cases, of va- 

* For ezample, in the case of the very first spedes described, Cl^matis 
Fl&mmula, hanog conyinced ourselves that our plant was that described by 
De CandoUe (^Pnd,^ vol. i. p. 8.)> ^^ i^&ve not hesitated to give the identifi- 
cations and Bynonvmes quoted by that eminent author; adding, however, the 
identifications and synonymes of subsequent authors from our own exami- 
nation of their works. In the plant referred to we have added to the iden- 
tifications of De Candolle, Hayne's Dendrologia and Don's MUler. 

f 8ee the Bxplanatory Rererencesy which precede the Table of Contents. 



8 INTBODUCTION. 

rieties ; and this, had we been inclined to trust entirely to our 
own opinion, we might have carried to a much greater extent 

It is well known to the cultivators of trees and shrubs, that 
there are a great many names of species enumerated in botanical 
works) our own Hortm Britamicus not exoepted» as having been 
introduced into this country, which are not to be found in any 
nursery, or even botanic garden. These pbmts may have been 
introduced and lost ; or the names may have been those of plants 
already in the country, reintroduced under new names. In 
either case, according to the present mode of oompiiing botanical 
catalogues, the introduction of these names insuch catalogues 
(provided the authorities are given with them) is unavoidable» 
whether the things to which they apply are in existence or noL 
It is easy to conceive some of the evils which, in a practical point 
of view, result from this mode of making catalogues ; but it is 
necessary to be at once a practical botanist and a practical 
gardener, to comprehend the whole of them. One evil is, that, 
when coUectors of trees, for example, order the plants bearing 
these names from the nurserymen, they either do not reoeive 
any plants at all, or they receive something which they do not 
want, and, probably, something which they already bave. 
Another evil is, that nurserymen, in order to supply the demand 
for novelties, or to establish or keep up the appearance of 
having an extensive collection, too frequently introduce names 
into their catalogues for which they cannot supply plants ; or 
they introduce synonymes without indicating tbat they are such. 
The effect of this is, that gentlemen intending to form collec- 
tions, finding their intentions firustrated» firequendy give up the 
pursuit in disgust. 

' Imperfect as are the collections, and erroneous as i$ tbe no» 
menclature in public nurseries, it will readily be conceived how 
difficult it is for a practical gardener to acquire a tolerable know- 
ledge of the trees and shrubs actually in the country; and it is 
evident that, without this knowledge on his part, it is not to be 
expected that any but the most oommon trees and shrubs can be 
recommended by him to his employers: indeed, no British 
gardener, who has not passed some time in acquiring a know- 
ledge of his profession in some of our principal botanic gardens, 
in the Kew Garden, in the garden of the Horticultural Societv, 
in that of Messrs. Lioddiges, in the Botanic Garden at Edinburgb, 
or in some other garden which contains an arboretum, can be 
said to know the names of one fourth of the trees and shrubs 
already in the country. The Ajborettm et Fruticetum Britan^ 
nicumy we think, will go far to remedy this evil, by enabling both 
gardeners and their employers to ascertain, not only what trees 
are in the country, but where they may see them growing. 
Nurserymen, by referring to tbese living trees, will not onfy 



INTBODUCTION. 



have an opportunity of correctly ascertaining the names of such 
as they already possess, bat of supplytng themselves with cuttings 
or plants of such sorts as they may not have in cultivation. The 
purchasers of trees» by alwavs using the nomenclature of the 
Arbaretum Brilannicum, and being able to refer from it to the 
living specimens from which our engravings were taken, will at 
once insure certainty as to the kinds they obtain ; and stimulate 
the nurserymen to accuracy, in regard to the names of those 
plants which they possess and propagate, and to the cultivat^on 
of a greater number of species and varieties. After the pub- 
lication of our Work, it will be the fault of the nurseryman 
alone, if his nursery do not contain plants of all the species and 
varieties which we have figured and described. 

Many persons, when recommended to plant, reply: *^ Of what 
use is it to plant at my age? I can never hope to live to see 
my plants become trees." This sort of answer does not, at first 
sight, appear surprising, if we suppose it to come from a person 
ofsixty or seventy years of age; but we often hear it even from 
men of thirty or forty. In either case, such an answer is the 
result of a vulgar error, founded on mistaken and prejudiced 
nolions. We shall prove its incorrectness by matters of fact. 
In the year 1830, there were many sorts of trees in the arbo- 
retom of Messrs. Loddiges which had bee^ planted exactly ten 
years, and each of which exceeded SO ft. in height Most of 
these trees have since been cut down for want of room ; but we 
have the names and the measurement of the whole of them. 
There are, also, at the present time (December, ISS^), many 
trees in the arboretum of the London Horticultural Society^s 
Oarden at Chiswick, which have been only ten years planted, 
and which are between SO ft. and 40 ft in height Why, then, 
should any one» even of seventy years of age, assign as a reason 
for declining planting, that he cannot hope to live to see his 
pLmts become trees? A tree 30 ft;. high, practically speaking, 
wiil efiect all the general purposes for which trees are planted : 
it will afibrd shelter and shade ; display individual beauty and 
character ; and confer expression on landscape scenery. 

There is one subject which we shall occasionally touch on, in 
the history of particular species, and also in taking a general 
view.of the trees of each genus, or of each natural order; and 
that is, the improvement which many species are probably sus- 
ceptible of by cross-fecundation with other species nearly allied to 
them, or by procuring new varieties through the selection of re- 
markable individuals from seedlings raised in the common way. 
We shall also bear in mind the manner in which curious varieties 
are procured by the selection of shoots which present those 
anomalous appearances which gardeners call sports, and which, 
when propagated by grafting, continue to preserve their pecu- 
liarities* It should never bs forgotten by cultivators, that all 



10 INTBODUCTION. 

our most valuable plants, whether in agriculture, horticulture, 
or floriculture, are more or less indebted for their excellence 
to art. Our cultivated fruit trees are verj different from the 
same trees in a wild state ; and our garden and field hei^baceous' 
vegetables so muoh so, thfit, in many instances, not even a 
botanist could recognise the wild and the cultivated plant to be 
the same species. There is reason to believe that the same 
means by which we have procured our improved varieties of 
fruit trees will be equally effective in producing improved varie- 
ties of timber trees. A few species, such as the oak, the elm, 
the magnolia, &c., have had improved varieties raised from seed 
by accidental crossing, or by the selection of individuals from 
multitudes of seedlings ; and variegated varieties, and varieties 
with anomalously formed leaves, or with drooping or erect shoots, 
have been procured from the sports of parts of different plants. 
But the mode of improvement by cross-fecundation is yet quite 
in its infancy with respect to timber trees ; and to set limits to 
the extent and beauty of the new varieties which may be pro- 
duced by it is impossible. There is no reason why we may not 
bave a purple-leaved oak, or elm, or ash, as well as a purple- 
leaved beech ; or a droopinff sweet chestnutas well as a drooping 
ash. The oak is a tree that varies astonishingly by culture; 
and, when the numerous American varieties that have been 
introduced into this country shall have once begun to bear seed, 
there is no end to the fine hybrids that may be originated be- 
tween them and the European species. In short, we see no 
difBcuIty in improving our omamental trees and shrubs to as 
great an extent as we have done our fruit trees and shrubs ; 
though we are as yet only procuring new species from foreign 
countries, which may be considered as the raw material with 
which we are to operate. 

Part IV., which will form the last division of the Arboretum 
et Fruticetim Britannictm, will be devoted to selected lists of the 
trees and shrubs described, classified according to their different 
capacities for fuIfiUing the various purposes for which trees and 
shrubs are required by the planter and by the landscape-gar- 
dener. For the rest we refer to the Table of Contents. 

The utility of such a Work as the Arboretum et Fruticetum ' 
Britannicum to the gardening world, and to the landed pro- 
prietor, will not, we think, be questioned. We shall say nothing, 
therefore, of the influence which it cannot fail to have in pro- 
moting a taste for the culture and spread of such foreign trees 
as we have already in the country ; and in exciting a desire for 
introducing others from different parts of the world» and for 
originating new varieties by the different means employed by 
art for that purpose. One remark, however, we may be per- 
mitted to make on the use of such a Work as the Arboretum et 
Fruticetum Britannicum to gentlemen of landed property. Every 



INTRODUCTION. 1 1 

proprietor of a landed estate is either a planter, or possesses 
trees already planted. If he is in the former case, he will learn 
irom this Work to combine beauty with utility, by planting, in 
the outer margins of his natural woods or artificial plantations, 
and along the open rides in them, and in the hedgerows of his 
lanes and public roads, trees which are at once highly ornamental 
and more or less usefiil — in some cases, perhaps, eyen more v 
useful — than the common indigenous trees for which they are 
substituted. If, on the other hand, his estate is already fully 
planted, he will leam from this Work how he may beautify his 
plantations by a mode which never yet has been applied in a 
general way to forest trees ; tIz., by heading down large trees 
of the common species, and grafting on them foreign species of 
the same genus. This is a common practice in orchards of fruit 
trees ; and why it should not be so in parks and pleasure-grounds» 
along the margins of woods, and in the trees of hedgerows, no 
other reason can be assigned than that it has not hitherto been 
generally thought of. Hawthorn hedges are common every- 
where ; and there are between twenty and thirty beautiful species 
and varieties of thorn in our nurseries, which might be grafted 
on them. Why should not proprietors of wealth and tastedesire 
their gardeners to graft some of the rare and beautiful sorts of 
tree thorns on the common hawthorn bushes, at intervals, so as 
to form standard trees, in such of their hedges as border public 
roads? And why should not the scarlet oak and the scarlet 
acer be grafted on the common species of these genera, along 
the margins of woods and plantations? Such improvements the 
more strongly recommend themselves, because, to many, they 
would invoTve no extra expense ; and» in every case, the effect 
would be almost immediate. Every gardener can graft and bud; 
and every landed proprietor can procure stock plants from nur- 
series, from which he can take the grafts ; or he may get scions 
from botanic gardens, the garden of the London Horticultural 
Society, that of the Caledonian Horticultural Society, or the 
Dublin Oarden at Glasnevin. 

Amateur landscape-gardeners, and architects who lay out the 
grounds of the houses they have designed, will be enabled, by 
this Work, to choose the kinds of trees which they think will 
produce the best effect in their plantations ; and, what is of much 
more consequence, which will produce a certain effect within a 
given number of years. Indeed, the want of such a Work as the 
Arboreium et Fndicehm Britannicum to professional landscape- 
gardeners, and a conviction of the great use it would be of to 
practical gardeners, and to ail persons engaged in laying out 
grounds, or in forming ornamental plantations, first suggested 
to us the idea of commencing the Work. 

In modem landscape-gardening, considered as a fine art, all 
tbe more important beauties and effects produced by the artist 



12 INTBODUCnON. 

may be said to depend on the use which he makes of foreiffQ 
trees and shrubs. Our reasons for this are grounded on me 
principle that all art, to be acknowledged as such, must be 
avowed. This is the case in the fine arts : there is no attempt 
to conceal art in music, poetry, painting, or sculpture ; none in 
architecture; and none in the geometrical style of landscape- 
gardening. Why should there be an attempt to conceal art in 
modem kndscape-gardening? Because, we shail be told, it is 
an art which imitates nature. But, does not landscape-^painting 
also imitate nature ; and yet, in it, the work produced is ac- 
knowledged to be one of art? Before this point is setded, it is 
necessary to recur to what is meant by the imitation of nature, 
and to reflect on the diffisrence between repetition and imitation. 
Tn what are called the imitative arts, it will be found that the 
imitation is always made in such a manner as to produce a totally 
distinct work from the thing imitated ; and never, on any ao- 
count, so like as to be mistaken for it. In landscape-painting, 
scenery is represented by colours on a flat surface ; in sculpture, 
forms, which in nature are coloured, are represented in colour- 
less stone. The intention of the artist, in both cases, is not to 
produce a copy which shall be mistaken for the original, but 
rather to show the original through the medium of a particular 
description of art; to reflect nature as in a glass. Now, to 
render landscape-gardening a fine art, some analogous process 
must be adopted by the landscape-gardener. In the geometrical 
style, he has succeeded perfectly, by arrangmg grounds and 
trees in artificial sur&ces, forms, and lines, so difierent fix>m 
nature as to be reoognised at once as works of art. A residence 
thus laid out is clearly distinguished from the woody scenery of 
the surrounding country ; and is satisfactory, because it displavs 
the working of the human mind, and oonfers distinction on the 
owner as a man of wealth and taste. A residence laid out in 
the modem style, with the surface of the ground disposed in 
imitation of the undulations of nature, and the trees scattered 
over it in groups and masses, neither in straight lines, nor cnt 
into artificial shapes, might be mistaken for nature, were not 
the trees planted chiefly of foreign kinds not to be met with in 
the natural or general scenery of the country. Every thing in 
modern Iandscape*ffardening, therefore, depends on the use of 
foreign trees and shrubs ; and, when it is once properly under- 
stood that no residence in the modera style can have a claim to 
be considered as laid out in good taste, in which all the trees 
and shrubs employed are not either foreign ones, or improved 
varieties of indigenous ones, the grounds of every country seat, 
from the cottage to the mansion, will become an arboretum, dif- 
fering only in the number of species which it contains. 

Though a taste for trees has existed from the earliest sgeSf 
that taste, in this country at least, may still be considered in its 



INTRODUCnON. 13 

infancy. An English landowner is almost always a great re- 
specter of trees generally, but seldom knows anything of par- 
ticular -sorts : he, therefore, cares very little for their individual 
beauties, and contents himself with being an indiscriminate 
admirer of them. Hence the unwillingness of most persons to 
cut down trees, however improperly they may be placed ; or to 
thin out plantations, however much they may be crowded, and 
however great may be the injury which the finer foreign sorts 
are sustaining from the coarser-growing indigenous kinds. This 
indiscriminate regard for trees, and morbid feeling with reference 
to cutting theih down when they are wrongly placed or too 
thick, principally results from ignorance of the kinds and of the 
relative beauty of the difFerent species, and from want of taste in 
landscape-gardening. When we consider that it is not much 
above a century since American trees began to be purchasable 
in the nurseries of this country, this is not to be wondered at; 
and, more especially, when it is remembered that planters, 
generally speaking, have few opportunities of seeing specimens 
of these trees, so as to become acquainted with them, and thus 
to acquire a taste for this kind of beauty and its pursuit The 
public botanic and horticultnral gardens, and the private arbo^ 
retums and coUections of fbreign trees and shrubs, now esta- 
blishing throughout the country ; and the mode now becoming 
general among nurserymen^ of plantinff specimen trees in their 
nurseries ; wiU tend to remedy this defect, by exhilHting livinff 
speciiMns : and 'our Arboretum et FruHcetwn Britannicum will, 
we trust, aid in attaining the same end. 

To artisCs, the Arbaretum et Fruticetum Britannicum will not 
be widiout its use. It b well known that there are but few 
landscape-painters wfao possess that kind of knowledge of trees 
which is necessary to enable them to produce such portraits as 
would indicate the kind to a gardener or a forester. This 
defect, on the part of landscape-painters, arises partly from their 
copying from one another in towns, rather than from nature in 
the country ; but, principally, from their want of what may be 
technically called botanical knowledge. The correct touch of a 
tree, to use the language of art, can no more be acquired with- 
out studying the mode of foliation of that tree, than the correct 
mouldings of a Orecian or Gothic comice can be understood or 
represented without the study ofCirecian or Gothic architecture. 
It is fbr this reason that it will always be found that ladies who 
reside in the country, and have studied botany, if they have 
a taste for landscape, wiU imitate the touch of trees better than 
professional laitdscape-painters. We assert it as a fact, without 
the least hesitation, that the majority of British artists (we may 
say, of all artists whatever) do not even know the means of ac- 
quiring a scientific knowledge of the touch of trees ; almost the 
only works which have noticed the subject, and gone t)eyond the 



14 IHTRODUCnON. 

mere snrface, being the Remarh on Farest Seenery, by Gilpin ; 
and Kennion'8 Esun^ on Trees in Landscape. Tbe pernsal of the 
Arboretum et Frtiticetum Britannicwn^ and tbe comparison of the 
botanical specimens with the touch to which they give rise in 
the portraits, wili enable artists to investigate from our figures» 
and afterwards firom nature, those diflferenoes in the points of the 
shoots, in the clnstering and fbrm of the foliage, and between 
the appearance of the foliage of ^ring and tnat of autumn, 
which give rise to the di£G^enoe of touch necessary to characte- 
rise a species» and to mark the season of the year. Most artists 
who have studied trees fit>m nature can give the touch of the 
oak with characteristic expression ; and, by the study of the 
detaik of other trees, they may attain a touch which sball cha- 
racterise them with equal foroe and accuracy. There is no 
work extant, howeyer, m>m which an artist can study, correctly 
and scientifically, the touch of more spedes of trees than the 
oak, the ash, the weeping willow, and one or two otfaers. In 
proof of this we may refer to the plates in Kennion's work 
above referred to, as one of the latest and best, where the engra- 
vings, in the greater number of instances, have not the siightest 
resemblance to the trees the names of which are written be- 
neath them. How, under these drcumstances, is it possible 
for an artist, who is not a botanist, and who does not reside in 
the country, to study the touch of trees ? By the Jrboretum 
et Fruticetum Britannicum he may acquire as much botanical 
knowledge as will enable him to distineuish with certainty all 
the difierent species of trees to be found in this oountry ; and 
he wiU see, in the engravings of the botanical specimens as 
th^ appear in autumn, the foundations laid in nature for the 
difierent descriptions of touch. The London artist, in addi- 
tk>n to the botanical knowledge which he may acquire fit>m 
our work, may have reoourse to the specimen trees (all near 
London) firom which our portraits were taken. Artists gene- 
rally, by becoming botanicaUy aoquainted with the trees, will 
be able to recognise. them in their walks, or professional excur- 
sions; to study them under various circumstances, and, when 
thev introduce them ui their landscapes, to irive their characters 
with fiddity. 

Hitherto there has not been a suffident demand for this kind 
of skill on the part of the artist; but, as fordgn trees become 
better known by the public cenerally, it wiU be necessary for 
artute to keep their art on a 7evd with the sUte of knowkdge 
eve??v^^^ As the fordgn tn«s which^ 

Ha^.^ n '^?* ^^^ ^"^ ""^"^ and more obvious. 
and o7Se^nri:?S?T' ^"'''"^ ^^^^ ^^'^ ^^ ^" ^ork, 

«0«!«. ^^Lr^p^s^s ^ZT "^ "^ "^ 



15 



PART I. 

OENERAL OUTLINE OF THB HISTOHY AND OEOORAPHY OV THE 
TREES AND SHRUBS OF TEMPERATE CLIMATES. 

The use of the slight general outline which we propose now 
submitting to the reader is, partly, to show the consideration 
in which trees have been held in all ages and countries ; but 
principally to record what has been done in the introduction of 
foreign trees into' Britain ; and to point out, from the ligneous 
productions of other countries having similar climates, what 
remains to be. accomplished. We shall first notice to what 
extent a love for, and a knowledge of, trees existed among the 
nations of antiquity ; and, next, give a general idea of the indi- 
genous and introduced trees of those countries occupied by the 
modern nations of Europe. We shall commence with Britain ; 
and shall take, in succession, France» Germany, and the other 
European countries. Afterwards, we shall give a sUght sketch 
of the trees suited to temperate climates wnich are natives of 
Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. 



CHAP. I. 

OF THE knowledge of trees and shrubs which existed amono 

the nations of antiquity. 

The first notices which we have of trees are in the Sacred 
Writings. The tree of knowledge, and the circumstance of our 
first parents hiding themselves among the trees of the garden of 
Eden, are/amiliar to every one. Smomon appears to nave col- 
lected all kinds of plants, and not only to have bad an orchard 
of fruit trees» and trees bearing spices, but to have included in 
hb grounds what are called barren trees, and among these the 
cedar. As this tree is a native of a cold and mountainous 
country at some distance from Judea, it shows that the practice 
of collecting trees from a distance, and from a difierent climate, 
to assemble them in one plantation or arboretum, is of the 
earliest date. The cednr, indeed, b frequently mentioned in 
Scripture; and both that and the fir (including, under this 
name, probably both Pinus and ^bies, for some species of both 
are native^ of Asia Minor and Greece) are said, in the book of 
Ezekiel, to be frequent in magnificent gardens. Large trees 
were then used as places for meeting under (as they are, in the 
East, to this day); and they were then, as now» planted in 
cemeteries 



16 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART I. 

Trees are mentioned in the writings of Hesiod and Homer. 
The garden of Alcinous is said to have contained various sorts 
of fruit trees : and directions are given in Hesiod for lopping the 
poplar, and other species» for fuel ; and felling the oak, the elm, 
and other kinds of large trees, for timber. 

The principal trees of the Egyptians^ according to Herodotus, 
were, the palm, the sycamore fig, the lote tree (Celtis australis, 
according to Mr. Hogg, Gard, Mag., x. 291.), the olive, and 
the pomegranate. There are, we know, several other trees which 
are natives of Egypt; but these were probably thought most 
worthy of being recorded, as producing edible fruit. 

The gardens of the Persians contained trees ; and those in 
the garden of the younger Cyrus, at Sardis, were all planted with 
his own hand, in straight lines : the only mode which, at that 
early period, wfaen scarcely any but indigenous trees were in use 
by planters, could convey the expression of art and design. In 
general, the trees whicfa most attracted tfae attention of the 
ancients were those whicfa bore edible fruits, produced spices, 
had a terebintfaine odour, or possessed spreading brancfaes to 
afiPord sfaade. Hence tfae frequent mention of tfae palm, the fig, 
the olive, tfae cinnamon, tfae camphor, the cypress, tfae sycamore 
fig, and tfae plane. 

Tfae only positive source of information respecting tfae trees 
known to the nations of antiquity, down to the time of tfae Greeks^ 
is to be found in tfae works of Theopfarastus. Stackfaouse, in Iiis 
edition of Tfaeopfarastus's Historia Plantarum^ faas endeavoured 
to sfaow tfae modem botanical names for tfae plants of wfaicfa 
Tfaeopfarastus has treated. Sprengel bad done tfae same tfaing 
in fais Historia Rei Herbarice, Stackhouse has added to his 
own indentifications as many of those of Sprengel as are dif- 
ferent fi-om, and supplementary to, his own. From both we 
have selected the following list of the ligneous species. Stack- 
house has stated in tfae preface to fais second volume (fais work 
is in two volumes, 1813, 1814), tfaat Sprengel faas carefiiUy 
ascertained 357 of tfae kinds treated of by Tfaeopfarastus, and 
tfaat fae faas passed over the rest, whicfa are nearly as many in 
number, in silence; except remarking tfae circumstances which 
make them so ambiguous as to render the identifying of them 
hopeless. To some of tfae identifications wfaicfa faave been 
proposed, doubt appertains; and, in tfae case of tfae ligneous 
species, in tfae enumeration below, tfais doubt is expressed by 
notes of interrogation. It may be observed, tfaat tfae greater 
number of tfaese plants, according to Sibthorp's Flota Gracoj 
are natives of Greece, and tfaat most of those wfaicfa are not, 
will endure the open air, or are cultivated, in tfaat country. Tfae 
wfaole of tfaem, witfa.scarcely any exceptions, are in British 
gardens and hot-faouses ; and all tfaose wfaicfa we faave marked 



CHAP. I. TREE8 AND SHRUBS KNOWN TO THE ANCIENTS. 17 

with a star, are indigenous to the British Isles. We have thrown 
the species into the groups indicated by the natural orders, in 
order to aid the memory of the botanical reader, and to facilitate 
generalisation. 

'Ranunculdcea. Cl6matis orientalis. 

Capparidece. Ciipparis spin6sa« 

Cistinea, Cistus cr^ticus and ^alviaefiUius. 

Malvdcea. Goss^pium arb6reum; M&Ua tomentosa; ?/fi- 
biscus, an arboreous species if a hibiscus. 

THlidcea* Zllia * europae^a. 

Aurantidcea, Citrus ilfedica and Aur&ntium. 

Acerinea. A^cev * camp^stre and * Pseudo-i^&tanus* 

Ampelidce. Vi\\s vinlfera, 3 kinds, and indica» 
: 'Ruidcece. iZuta grav^olens» 

Celastrinea. ? Celastrus, the species was, in habit, a tree of 
raiddle size; * JSuonymus europse^us. 

B,kdmne(e. i2hamnus /ycioides and ? yflat^rnus, ifUiurus 
aculeatus, iSzyphus vulgaris. 

Terebinthdcea. JPistacia Terebinthus and Z^entiscus, Balsamo- 
dendron gilead6nse, JShus Coriaria mds, C. fce^inina, and Cotihus, 
? Mangifera indica. ^ " 

Leguminosa. ^cacia ar^bica, S^negal, Cdtecku^ myrrhifera 
Stackhousej and polyac^ntha ; ? Tbmarf ;t^ indica ; C^rcis/Sili- 
quastrum; Colutea arbor^ens and cru^nta; Cathartoc&rpus 
Fistula; C;^tisus Z/aburnumand ^^Mar&nta;" Ceratonia iSliqua; 
Moringa pterygosp6rma ; Gfenista lusitdnica and ?iSb6rpius 
(^partium villosum Flora Grceca) ; Medicago arborea ; ? Coro- 
nilla E^merus ; £'benus cretica; ^stragalus Tragacantha. 

^sdcece. Itossif the 5-Ieaved, the 10-Ieaved, the 20-leaved, 
and the 100-Ieaved ; jRubus * fcuticosus, * ca&siusy and * id8&\is. 

Anygddlea, ^m^gdalus commdnis ; ? Persica vulgaris ; 
Cerasus * Padus, duracina and ? Laurocerasus ; Pri^nus *^in- 
sititia and dom6stica var. Juliana. 

Vomdcece. PyvvLS * communis wild^ and cultivated ; * Jkfalus 
wild, and cultivated; * /lVia«.and cretica; * 56rbus, two varieties 
of; *?torminaIis and ? a variety of; 3fespilus •?fferm6nica, 
? a variety of ; Cydonia vulgaris, wild and cultivated ; ? Ame- 
linckier vulgaris ; Cotonedster * vulgaris ; Crata^^^gus Pyra- 
eantha, Azarolus, and . * Oxyacantha. 

Grandtea. Punica Granatum. 

BJuzopkbneae. Rhiz6phora Ma^igle. 

Tamariscinea:. t Tamarix gallica. 

Mi/rtdceie. ikf^rtus communis. 

Cdctea. Opuntia vulgaris. 

? Gi-osstddcece. 2 Rtbes * Grossularia. 

Umbelliferce. £ubon Gdlbanum. 

q 2 



IS K10TOBT AKD 6KOGBAPHT OT TBEES. FAKT U 

AralidiM. jETedera * /Z^ix, and Tarieties of it* 

Caprifolideea^ Cbprifolium * jPericI^enum ; ? Lonicera 
pyrenaica; f^bumum *?Lantana, *?(Xpttlus, and ?7lnus; 
&mbucus * niji^ra. 

Cdmea. C6rnus roiis and * sanffuinea. 

LoraiUhdcea. Lor^nthus europse us ; * Fiscum iilbttm. 

Compdsita, Santoline rosmaiinif&lia ; /Telicbrysum Stoe^chas ; 
Kentropb^IIam (Onobr^a) arbor^ens ; Conjza sax4tilis. 

Yacciniea. Aicclnium * ^tis idse^^a. 

'Ericdcece. jBrica; ^rbutus ^drachneand * C/nedo; ?2Zho- 
dodendron p6nticum« 

Sfyraeinea. StjTBX officinale. 

'EJbendceiB, Diospyros Zotus.. 

Oledcece. O^Iea europseX sylv^ris; Phill^rea Iatif(Mia; 
? Z/ig6strum vulgare ; CXrnus europse^a ; * ? iUxinus exc^tsior. 

Kjpocjfnece. ?^erium Oleimder ; * Finca major, or * minor» 

Cbnifiacese. C6rdm Sebestena and Mfxsu 

Soldnea. C^psicum frutescens; Zycium barbarum and 
?europee^um. 

LaUdtie. Lavdndula Spica ; Aosmarinus officinalis ; S&I via 
triloba, cr^tica.; Teucrit^ creticum; ?itfarrubium Pseudo*- 
Dictimnus, Origanum Dictimnus, Tbumef6rtiV, and ?aegyptia- 
eum ; Satureja capitata ; Thymus vulgaris, ? Mastichina» 

Yerbendcece. Fitex ^'gnus cfistus. 

Vlantamnece. Plantago ? Cynops. 

Chenopodece* * Salic6nlia fruticosa. 

"Laurineie. ZA^rus n6bilis, var. platyph^IIa and var. lepto- 
ph^lla; Clnnamomum verum. 

MyrisAcea. Myristica. 

Thymelade. D&phne Cneorum and sericea. 

£i^9Aor6iace8e. JBuph^rbia Pithyusa, * Characias, and ilfyr- 
sinites ; * jBdxus sempervirens. 

. Urticece. JPicus Caprificus, Carica, reli^osa, and iSyc6morus 
lf6rus nigra. 

IJlmdcece. Ulmus camp^stris, ?and another kind; C61tis 
australis» 

Viperdcea, Piper nigrnm. 

ifigl&ndece. cTO^Ians r^gia. 

Salicinea. SHrK * dlba, nigra; * jF/^Iix variegata and baby- 
16nica ; P6pulus * nigra, * ^lba. 

Beitdinece» £6tula * Mba and ? ^nus * glutinosa ; .^flnus 
oblongata, 

Ct^ulifera, Qu6rcus ? /lex, Sdber, coccifera, ^alldta, 
^gilops» ^sculus, Cerris^ * ^bbur, yaginea De^., and Tonr- 
nefortiV; * C6rylus ^vellana; Castinea *v&ca; i^iigus * syl- 
vfitica; O^strya vulgaris. 

Platdnea. jHfitanus orientalis. 



CHAP. I. TRXE8 AND 8HRUBS KNOWV TO THE ANCIENTS. 19 

Ccmifera, C^rus Libani ; Laiix earopas^a ; Pinus halep^nsis, 
Pinea, maritima, and *sylvdstris; ^bies exc^lsa and Picea; 
Cupr^ssus sempervirens ; 2%i!\|a aph^la; Tixus * baccata; 
Juniperus * commiknis, Qx^cedrus, i^cia, and * nana. 

Ci^ddete. Cfcas revoluta. 

Smildceds. 5milaK &spera ; jRiiscus hypoph^^lium, * aculeatus 
? racemosus. 

Pilnue, Phce^^nix dactvHfera, and four varieties ; Cdco$ nuci- 
fera ; ChanueVops ; ? Areca C&tecku. 

Qraminede. Bambusa arundinacea. 

It thus appears that the total number of species known tQ 
Theophrastus was not less than ITO, which beiong to 59 groupi 
or natural orders. 

The Bomans appei^r to have begun with a knowledge of $11 
the trees possessed by the Greeks ; and there are addeoto themt 
in their works, almost all the trees of the colder regions of Eu- 
rope. It is evident that the Romans introduced trees into Italy 
from other countries; because frequent mention is made, by 
their aCTicuItural writers, of the platanus, the cedar, the cypress, 
and otner trees, which are not indigenous to Italy; and the 
cherry, the peach, and other fruits, we are infbrmed, were 
iroported from Persia. The pine, the bay, the plane, and the 
box appear to have been the favourite treesof gardens : the first, 
for its refreshing odour ; the second, for its beauty, and bec^use 
it was used in crowning martial heroes; and tbe tbird^ on 
account of its shade. Pliny observes, <^ In old times trees were 
the very temples of the gods ; and, according to that fincient 
roanner, the plain and simple peasants of the countryp savourinff 
still of antiquity, do at this day consecrate to one god pr other 
the goodliest and fairest trees that they can meete withall ; and 
verily, we ourselves adore, not with more reverence and d/svotion, 
the stately images of gods within our temples (made though tl^ey 
be of glittering gold and beautiful ivory), than the viery grpves 
and tuRs of trees, wherein we worship the same gods i|i religtous 
silence. First, the ancient ceremony of dedicating this anc) that 
kind of tree to several gods, as proper and peculiar to them^ 
was always observed, and continues to this da}'. For the great 
migbty oak, named esculus, is consecrated to Jupiter, the laurel 
to ApoIIoy the olive to Minerva, the myrtle to Venusi and the 
poplar to Hercules.'* {HoUand^s Trandation qfPlim/s Natural 
History^ p. 357.) 

The Romans cultivated trees for useful purposes, like the 

moderns. They planted coppice woods, for fuel, fence wood« and 

props for the vine ; they had osier grounds, for producing hoop 

and basket willows ; single rows of elms and poplars, for sup«* 

porting the vine ; and they bad indigenous forests on tbe hills 

c 3 



20 UI8TORT AMD GEOGRAFHT OF TREES. FART t 

and mountauis, br supplying tiinber for building and other pur- 
poses. Tbe larch was a favourite tree among them ; and instances 
are giveu by Pliny of the enormous size which it attained, of its 
durability, and its resistance to fire. The positive knowledge of 
the Romans, with respect to trees, may be found in Pliny's Natural 
History ; and an enumeration of the species which that work 
contains, as far as they can be guessed at by modern botanists, 
is given by Sprengel in his Historia Rei Herbaricej vol. i. It 
contains so few, in addition to those known to Theophrastus, that 
it seems unnecessary to introduce it here. 



CHAP. H. 

OF TH£ HISTORT AND GEOGRAPHT OF THE TREES AND SHRUB8 

NOW IN THE BRITISH ISLANDS. 

The trees and shrubs now indigenous to, or cultivated iii) the 
British Islands, including Ireland, the Channel Islands, aud the 
other adjacent isles, naturally form two divisions; viz., those 
which are of spontaneous growth, and those which have been 
Introduced or originated by the art and industry of man. In 
order to convey distinct ideas respecting the number and nature 
of the native woody plants which may be considered as abori- 
ginal and permanent inhabitants of this country, we shall give 
an enumeration of them, arranged according to the natural 
orders to which they belong ; and, iu order to show the progress 
of the introduction of foreign species, the number introduced^ 
and the individuals to whom we are indebted for such intro- 
ductions, we shall treat of the native and foreign plants 
separately. 

Sect. I. Ofthe Native Trees andShrubs ofihe British Mes. 

The native plants of any island may generally be considered 
as the same as those of the continent to which that island belongs ; 
and hence we find that there are very few trees and shrubs which 
are indigenous to the north of France, Belgium, and the north 
of Germany, which are not also natives of Britain. In countries 
which have been long civilised, it appears difficult to determine 
what trees or plants are aboriginal, and what have been intro* 
ducecf ; and even in wild countries, the same difficulties may be 
said to occur, since the seeds of the plants of one country may 
be, and undoubtedly are, carried to another country by birds and 
other animals, and may spring up there, mature themselves, and 
continue their species like aboriginal plants. It is probable that 
this process has gone on more or less in every country frdhi its 



CHAP. II. BRITISH ISLANDS. 21 

first existence; and thus, that the tendency even of natare, 
independently of buman art, is to equalise die productions of 
similar climates. 

Csesar, in his CommetUarieSy states that he found the woods of 
Britain to contain the same trees as those of Gaul, with the ex- 
ception of the abies and the fagus : '^ Materia cujusque generis, 
ut in Oallia est, praeter fagum et abietem." This passage has 
given rise to much controversy» some authors supposing that 
Caesar, by the word abietem, meant the wild or Scotch pine, 
which is a native of Britain. As, however, the Romans de- 
signated the silver fir abies, there can be little doubt that this 
was the tree alluded to by Cassar ; which not only does not grow 
wild in England, but was not introduced into this country till 
modern times. This solution of the passage is so simple^ that 
it is difiicult to imagine how any mistake can have arisen, par- 
ticularly as Pliny speaks of the Scotch pine expressly as Pmus 
sylv^stris {NaU HisLj lib. xv. and xvi.) The only reason appears 
to be, that the Scotch pine was formerly called the Scotch fir ; 
and that the word abies, being considered to signify fir, was, 
without further examination, supposed to apply to that tree. 

It is more difficult to reconcile Caesar^s assertion that he did 
not find the fagus in Britain, as that name is generally supposed 
to have been applied by the Romans to the common beech. 
Belon informs us that, in his time (Les Obs.y ^Cy en Grece^ en 
Asie^ et autres Pays itrangersj 1554), on Mount Athos and in 
Macedonia, the beech was called phega. It is wonderful, there- 
fore, says Ray, that Csesar should deny the beech to Britain : 
his doing so can only be satisfactorily accounted for, by sup« 
posing that by the word fagus he meant the Qu^rcus .^sculus, 
the phagos of Theophrastus. Mr. Long, in his Observations 
an certain Boman Roadsj and Taamsj in the South qf Britain, 
p. S6.i asserts that the tree Csesar called fagus was the sweet 
chestnut, JFasus Castanea L. Mr. Long does not state his 
grounds for this opinion ; but should the iagus of the Romans 
be our chestnut, and their castanea our beech, it would not 
only explain tbis difficulty, but do much to reconcile that 
passage in the Georgics, lib. ii. v. 71., where the firuit of 
the fagus appears preferred to that of the castanea. If we 
consider that by fagus Caesar meant our common beech, all 
that can be concludea from his remark is, that tbe beech was 
not, in his time, discoverable in large masses in Kent ; where, 
though it grows naturally, it is only tbundon the hills and not in 
the plains. Mr. Whitaker, in his History qf Manchester^ con- 
cludes that the Romans introduced the beech, partly fi*om the 
assertion of Csesar above alluded to, and partly fi*om the name 
for the beech in the British language, foighe, faghe, faydh, 
tteing obviously derived firom fagus. The name in the Anglo* 

♦c 4 



22 HISTORT AMD GE06RAPHY OF TREES. PART l. 

Saxon is bece; b^che» Fr« ; aDd bucbe, Gen The Scotch pinei 
Whitaker thinks, was a native of the island before the arrival of 
theRomans, though unknown to them at their invasion ; and this 
pine, judging from the resinous quality of that dug up from peat 
bogs, he considers to have been of a dUFerent species from that 
Dow ffrown in England, and ^^the same assuredly with the 
Scotcb fir of the highlands of Scotland." Here we know the 
author to be entirely mistaken ; the species being every where the 
same, and the quality of the timber difiering only in consequence 
of difierences in the soil and situation. Sir Walter Scott fell 
into a similar error, when he stated, in the Qiiarterfy Reviem 
(xxxvi. 580.), that our ^^ Scotch fir was brought from Canada, not 
more than half a century ago," and that the true species, found 
in the north of Scotland in immense forests, grows with ^^ huge 
contorted arms, not altogether unlike tbe oak." The conjeo- 
tures of these two eminent writers only show that, however 
great may be their authority in other matters, they are not to be 
depended upon in what concerns trees. The Scotch pine roust, 
unquestionably, have been indigenous in the bighlands of Scot- 
land in the time of Caesar, though, in all probability, not to be 
met with, or rare, in England, at least in the southern counties. 
The Komans, Whitaker observes, first brought among us, 
as their present names sufficiently show, ^^ the platanus or plane, 
the tilia or teil, the buxus or box, the ulmus or elm, and the 
populus or poplar. The platanus passed from Asia to Sicily, 
thence into Italy ; and, before the year 79, as Pliny informs us, 
it had reached the most northerly shore of Gaul. Tbe apple 
AVhitaker conjectures to have been brought into Britain by the 
first colonies of the natives, and by the Hsedui of Somersetshire 
in particular ; hence Glastonbury was distinguished by the title 
of Avellonia, or the apple orchard, previonsTy to the arrival of 
the Romans. Before the third century, this fi*uit had spread 
over the whole island, and so widely, that, according to Solinus, 
there were large plantations of it in the ^^ Ultima Tkule** The 
Romans added *Ube pear, the damson, and the cherry, the 
arbor persica, perch, or peach ; aprica, or apricot ; and cydonia, 
or quince.'' Cherries were introduced from Pontus and Egypt 
into Italy by LucuUus, who conquered the former country ; and 
they were carried into Britain within five years of tlie first set- 
tlement of the Romans in the country. Pears abounded in 
Italy, though it is uncertain at what time the Romans brought 
them into England. The damson was originally brought froni 
Damascus to Italy, and thence to Britain, as the quince was from 
Crete, and the peach from Persia : the latter was common in 
Gaul in the time of Agricola. 

The mulberry, the chestnut, the fig, and the sorbus, or true 
servioe, were introduced by the Romans. It is singular, that, 
not far from one of the very few habitats in which the true 



CHAP. n. BRITIfiH ISLANDS. 25 

service is to befound in a wild state in Britain, viz., Wyre Forest 
in Worcestershire, the remains of a Roman villa were some 
years i^ discovered (see Arch, Mag.^ ii. p. 94.). It is not im- 
probable that the tree referred to may be a descendant from a 
service tree planted in the orchard belonging to the adjoining 
Roman villa. The chestnut belongs to Sardis in Asia Minor ; 
and it was brought thence to Tarentum and Naples, where 
it was cultivated with great success in the reign of Vespasian. 
That the chestnut was in Britain as early as the 12th century is 
placed beyond dispute by Giraldus Cambrensisy who, in speak- 
ing of the trees of Britain which Ireland wants, mentions the 
chestnut and the beech. Daines Barrington conjectures that 
the chestnut was probably brought into England from Spain ; 
and Dr. Ducarel, who had a dispute with Barrington on 
the subject (see PhiL Trans^ lix. and Ixi.), endeavours to 
prove that it is a native. Mr. Whitaker thinks, and, in our 
opinion, with great reason, that the tree was brought into Britain 
by the Romans. The medlar, according to Pliny, was brought 
into Italy from Greece, at what period is uncertain; as is also 
when it was introduced into Britain. The rose was brought 
from Italy by the Romans, the best being those of Praenestina 
and Campania. The rosemary and the thyme are also supposed 
to have been introduced by the Romans. The thyme, in the 
days of Vespasian, Pliny observes (xxi. 10.), so greatly over- 
spread the plains in the province of Narbonne, that many 
thousands oi cattle were brought every year from the distant 
parts of the country to fatten upon it 

In a paper on the subject of indigenous tTe^s^mihtArchieologia^ 
by Daines Barrington, he lays down a test by which it may be 
known what trees ought to be considered as truly indigenous : 
that they grow in large masses, and spread over a considerable 
breadth of surface; that such masses never end abruptly, ex- 
cept where there is a sudden change in tbe soil or the sub- 
stratum ; and, that the trees or shrubs ripen their seeds kindly, 
and that when these seeds are dropped, they spring up freely. 
Applying these tests to what are commonly considered native 
trees, he rejects positively the sweet chestnut, the lime, the 
English elm ; and the box. As doubtful, he reckons the ^cer 
Pseiido-Pldtanus, and the white poplar ( JP6puIus ^lba), and even 
the yew, which, he says, is seldom found but in churchyards or 
in artificial plantations. He also doubts the spindle tree and 
the privet. A few lime trees, he thinks, such as those in Moor 
Park in Hertfordshire, and on the river Neath in Glamorgan- 
shire, have been introduced by the alien abbots and priors, when 
they came to visit their religious houses; but thetree was not 
generally planted till after the time of Le Notre, in the reign of 
Cbiprles L, who introduced it extensively in avenues, as was then 



24f HI8T0RY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. FART I. 

the custotn in France. The antiquity of the sweet chestnut at 
Tortworth, which he had ascertained froni Lord Ducie to be 
much exaggerated, he alleges to be no proof that the tree is 
indigenous. ^^ The English, or narrow-leaved, elm/' he says, 
** being much esteemed by the Romans, was probably introduced 
by them. The box," he erroneously (see Herb,y 1597, p. 12260 
states, ^^ is not mentioned by Gerard, and/' he adds, <' the 
tree is found nowhere in an apparently wild state, except on 
Box Hill, where it was planted by Lord Arundel, who designed 
to build a house there» but who relinquished his intention from 
the want of water, and built one at Albury hard by." The 
only native evergreen trees and shrubs of Britain would thus 
appear to be tlie Scotch pine, the holly, the juniper, the furze, 
the spurge laurel, the butcher^s broom, and the ivy. The furze 
Dr. Walker supposes not to be aboriginal, but to have been in- 
troduced from the mountains of Portugal, where it abounds. 
His reason is, that it is the only alleged indigenous shrub which 
flowers during winter; and that during . severe winters it is 
killed to the ground, both in England and Scotland. According 
to these authors, the only indigenous evergreen trees are the 
Scotch pine and the hoUy ; so that we are thus reduced to two 
evergreen trees and four evergreen shrubs ; unless we include 
such under-shrubs as Xhe heath, the Andromeda, the ^rctost^- 
phylos LTva 6rsi, &c., which do not generally attain the height 
of two feet 

Perhaps it may^be thought. unreasonable to allege that the 

lime and the yew are not natives of Britain, since they unques- 

tionably are of countries which lie farther north ; viz., the north 

of Germany and Sweden : but it must be remembered that the 

summers of these countries are hotter than those of England, in 

consequence of which, the lime ripens its seeds every year, which 

it seldom does in Britain. In countries without extremes either 

of heat or cold, such as the sea coast of Britain and great part of 

Ireland, many trees will live and thrive without ever producing 

seeds. Such trees may remain for ages in a country, without 

being one step nearer naturalisation tban the day on which they 

were introduced. In Hasted's Kent it is stated that Sir John 

Speilman, who introduced the manufacture of paper into England 

from Germany, in the. time of Elizabeth, and to whom Queen 

Elizabeth granted the manor of Portbridge in Dartford, intro- 

duced the lime tree. He is said to have brought over two trees 

with hiin in his portmanteau, and to have planted them at Port- 

bridge, near the dwelling-house belonging to the powder mills ; 

where, according to Hasted, they remained till they were cut 

down a few years previously to the time when he wrote, which 

was in 1776. {Beatdies ofEngland, Sfc^ Kent^ p. 562,) The 

lime, however, is represented by Turner as growing to a large 

size in 1562; so that the trees introduced by Speilman could 



CHAF. il. BRITISH ISLANDS. 25 

not have been the first that were brought into tfae country. The 
211ia europae^a, or common lirae tree of the north of Europe, 
is stated by Turner and Gerard to be a native of England ; but 
Ray says, that, though it is an inhabitant of Essex, it is never 
found in that county, or anywhere else, growing wild. The 
711 ia parvif&lia, Ray seems to consider as a native. 

The box is one of ouf most interesting ^^ disputed trees ; '' 
for, if we are deprived of that and of the yew, neither of which 
Daines Barrington will allow us, our only evergreen trees 
will be the Scotch pine and the hoUy. Ray says that ** the box 
grows wild on Box Hill, hence the name : also at Boxwell, on 
Cotswold in Gloucestershire, and at Boxley in Kent, where 
there were woods of this tree, according to Aubr^. It grows 
plentifuUy on the chalk hills near Dunstable." Turner says, 
" it groweth on the mountains in Germany plentifuUy, wild, 
without any setting ; but in England it groweth not by itself in 
any place that I know, though there is much of it in England.'' 
{Herbalj edit. 1551, p. 159.) Parkinson says it is found in 
many woods, and that it is also planted in orchards. Evelyn 
considers it a native, as does Lambarde, in his PeraTnbidations 
ofKentf in 1576« Some curious controversial matter on this 
subject will be found in the Gentleman^s Magazitie, voL Ivii., for 
1787. One writer, T. H. White (p. 667.), says, « he called at 
the village of Boxley, and that, from the strictest enquiries, he 
was thoroughly convinced that Evelyn was wrong in considering 
the box to grow wild at this village." It has been said that 
the Earl of Arundel, who died in Italy in 164^, planted the box 
trees on Box Hill, with a view to building a house there ; but this 
is denied by another writer, S. H., in the same magazine. ^^ The 
Earl of Arundel," this writer says, ^^ was a very curious man; and, 
baving a house very near, at Dorking, it has been conjectured, 
but without foundation, that he planted Box Hill. The ground 
on which the box trees grow," he continues, ^^ was not His Lord- 
ship's property ; " and this is confirmed by a passage in Manning 
and Bray's Swrrey^ where that part of the hill which is covered 
with the trees is proved to have belonged to Sir Matthew Brown, 
long before the date when they were said to have been planted 
by the earl. ^' Various have been the disquisitions," say these 
authors, ^^ concerning the antiquity of this plantation, whicb, 
however, for aught tbat has hitherto appeared to the contrary, 
may have been coeval with the soil. Here was ibrmerly also a 
warren, with its lodge ; in a lease of which, from Sir Matthew 
Brown to Thomas Constable, dated 25th August, 1602, the 
tenant covenants to use his best endeavours for preserving the 
yew, box, and all other trees growing thereupon; as also to 
deliver, half-yearly, an accountof what hath been sold, to whom, 
aud at what prices ; and in an account rendered to Ambrose, 



26 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHT OF TREES. PART I. 

his son, by his guardian, of the rents and profits for one.year, to 
Michaelmas, 1608, the receipt of box treescut down upon the 
sheepwalk on this hill is 50/. We have seen also an account of 
this manor, taken in 1712, in which it is supposed that as much 
had been cut down within a few years before as amounted to 
3000/." {Manning and Bray*s Surrey^ i. 560.) At present the 
only habitat of this tree in England is Box Hill ; and though this 
circumstance cannot be oonsidered as a proof that it is not indi- 
genous, yet, as it is known that it does not ripen its seeds freely 
in this country, and seldom sows itself, either on Box Hill or any- 
where else, when in a neglected state, we may fairly be allowed, 
when tbese circumstances are taken into consideration and con* 
joined with its Roman name, to doubt whether it be a native. It 
is so beautiful a tree, that its branches, like those of the bay, were 
probably in early use both in civic festivals and religious cere- 
monies ; and it appears likely that it was not only introduced, 
but was cultivated, at an early period. At the same time, it must 
Dot be forgotten, that, in estimating the probability of a tree or 
plant being indigenous to a country, we must add to the other 
considerations mentioned that of its native habitat. Now the 
native site of the box is in woods of deciduous trees, where it 
18 well known a plant may propagate itself by seeds, which would 
jiot do so on naked exposed situations. Taking this view of the 
subject, the box may yet be a native. 

The English elm ( (Tlmus campestris) seldom ripens its seeds in 
England, tnougb it does so freely in the neighbourhood of Paris. 
It can hardly be considered a native. The common sycamore 
ripens its seeds kindly, and in woods it sows itself, and the seeds 
spring up freely; but this may be said of various trees and 
shrubs wbich we know are foreign to the soil. The white poplar 
is found so seldom that it can hardly be considered a native. 
The yew is found in inaccessible acclivities, and other places 
where it must have been sown by birds, which is f^Iso the case 
with the spindle tree and the privet ; therefore, their being 
natives cannot reasonably be doubted, except on something like 
positive evidence. 

The trees and shrubs which were known to our Saxon an- 
cestors were, the birch, alder, oak, wild or Scotch pine, moun- 
tain ash or rowan tree, juniper, elder, sweet gale, dog rose, 
heath, St. John's wort, and the mistletoe. All these are con- 
flidered as aboriginal in the country; but, from the length of 
time that England was under the government of the Komans, 
it may reasonably be supposed that, in addition to the native 
trees and shrubs, there were in the country, when it was taken 
possession of by the Saxons, several which were natives of France, 
Spain, or Italy. To what extent this was the case cannot now 
be known ; but it is sufficient for our purpose, that, in the present 



CHAP. II* BRITISH I8LANDS. 27 

day, botanists consider all those plants indigenous to a country, 
which have existed in it beyond the memory of man or the 
existence of written records, and which propagate themselves 
freely by seed, without human agency. 

The reputed native plants of Britain have been enumerated 
and described by different botanical authors : but it will be of 
little practical use in this case, and in the others which will come 
beibre us, to quote from any author who wrote previously to the 
time of Linnaeus ; and who, of course, could not adopt his ad- 
mirable system of giving plants specific names composed of two 
words, instead of short Latin descriptions. The first author 
who enumerated the plants of England» and applied the Linnaean 
specific names, was Hudson, in his Flora Anglica^ published in 
1762 ; and those of Scotland were first described by Lightfoot, 
in his Itora Scottca, in 1775. Those of Ireland were first 
enumerated by Threlkeld, in 1727, before the Linnaean system 
was adopted, and there has not yet been any other flora of the 
country than a list published by Mr. T. Mackay in 1825« For- 
tunately, however, there are two recent works, the English Flora 
of Sir J. K Smith, and the British Fhra of Dr. Hooker, which 
contain an enumeration and description of all the plants indige- 
nous to the British Isles, and firom them we have compiled the 
following enumeration. In it are included all the plants, con- 
sidered by botanists as ligneous, which grow in the British 
Islands, exclusive of varieties. 

To such as are considered by many persons as doubtful 
natives, we have prefixed, not the point of interrogation used to 
signify botanical doubts, but the letters qu. 

Karmiadacete. C16matis Vit^ba, a deciduous climber. 

Berberidese. Berberis vulgaris, a deciduous shrub, lOft. 
high. 

Cislinea. Heli6nthemum marifblium, surrejinum, vulgare, 
tomentdsum, and jpoIiif51ium, evergreen prostrate shrubs, nrom 
6 in. to 1 fl. in height. 

Tilidcea:. Jliia europae^a qu., a deciduous tree, 50 ft.; gran- 
diiolia (syn. platyph^IIa) qu., a deciduous tree, 50 ft.; parvifolia, 
a deciduous tree, 30 ft. 

}A^t/pericinea. ^ndrosse^um officinide, a deciduous under- 
shrub, 4 ft. ; //yp^ricum calycinum qu., an evergreen under- 
shrub, 1 ft. 

Acerinea. A^cer camp^stre, a deciduous tree, 20 ft. high; 
and A. Pseiido-Platanus qu., a deciduous tree, 50 ft. high. 

Celastnnea. jBu6nymus europae^us, a deciduous tree, firom 
15ft. to20ft.high. 

Uidneie. ilex ^quifolium, an evergreen tree, SO ft. high. 

StapJyledcea. Staphylea pinnata qu., a deciduous shrub, 
from 10 ft. to 15 ft. high. 

•c 7 



28 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART I. 

BAdmnea, IZbimnus cathirticus mas, c. foem.y deciduous 
shrubs, from lOft. to 15ft. high ; Frangula, a deciduous shrub 
retaining its leaves late, 5 ft. high. 

Leguminbste. C^dsus ^coparius, an evergreen shrub, of 5 ft* ; 
Gfenista tinct6ria, an evergreen under-shrub, of 18 inches; 
G. pilosa, a prostrate evergreen shrub ; G. iinglica, a prostrate 
deciduous shrub ; CTMex europs^^a, an evergreen shrub, of 5 ft. ; 
17. nana, an evergreen shrub, of 2 ft. ; U. stricta, and U. e.fl. pBno. 

Rosdceie. BSssl cinnamomea qu., rub^Ua, spinosissima, in- 
voluta, Donidna, gr&cilis, Sabini, vilI6sa, toment6sa, Sherdrdt, 
rubiginbsa, micrdntha, Borrert , ces^sia, sarmentacea, bract^cens, 
dumet6rum, F6rster{, hibemica, canlna, and s^styla, all deci- 
duous shrubs, from 3 ft. to 5 ft. ; and JZ. arv^nsis, a deciduous 
trailing shrub; iZftbus fruticosus, plicatus, rhamnifolius, leu- 
costacnys, glandulosus, nitidus, aiFinis, and a)rylifolius, all ever- 
green trailers ; R. cs^ius, a deciduous trailer ; and IL suber^ctus 
and idse^us, deciduous under-shrubs, of S ft. Some more species, 
or reputed species, might be added to the evergreen trailers, 
from Dr. Lindley's Synopsis and our Horttts Britannictts. Poten- 
tilla frutic6sa, a deciduous shrub, above 3 ft.; C6marum palustre, 
a prostrate deciduous under-shrub, of 1 ft. ; Spirse^ ^iciiolia 
qu., a deciduous under->shrub of 3 ft. 

Vomdcea. Pytus <;6mmunis, Jfalus, torminalis, dom^stica, 
aucuparia, and pinnatifida, all deciduous trees, of between 20 ft. 
and 30 ft. ; and P. ^ria, and ^Via intermedia, deciduous trees, 
between 30 ft. and 40 ft ; Cratae^gus Oxyacantha, and ilf(gspilus 
germ^nica qu.» deciduous trees, between 15ft. and 20 ft.; and 
Cotoneaster vulgaris, a deciduous shrub, 4 ft. high. 

Amygddlete. C^rasus Padus and avium, and Priinus dom^s- 
tica qu., deciduous trees between 20 ft. and 30 ft. ; P. insititia 
and spinosa, deciduous shrubs or very low trees, of lOft. or 
15ft. 

Tamariscinea. Tamarix gallica qu., an evergreen shrub, be- 
tween 5 ft. and 10 ft. high. 

Grosstddcete. Rtbes rdbrum, petrce^um, alpinum mas, a. fcem., 
nigrum, Grossularia qu., and UVa crispa qu., all deciduous 
under-shrubs, from 1 ft. to 3 ft. in a wild state. 

Aralidcea. H6dera IZelix, a prostrate and clinging ever- 
green shrub. 

Caprifolidcea. Caprifolium italicum qu., and Pericl^menum, 
deciduous twiners ; Lonicera Xylosteum qu., a deciduous shrub, 
10 ft. high; Sambucus nigra, a dedduous tree, 15 ft. or 20 ft. 
high; Fiburnum Opulus and Lantana, deciduous shrubs or 
very low trees, from lOft to 15 ft. high. 

C6meiB. C6rnus sanguinea, a deciduous shrub or veiy low 
tree, from 10 ft« to 15ft« high. 

Loranthdcecs. /^scum ^lbum mas., a. foem., evergreen para- 
sites. 



CHAP. II. BRITISH I8LAMD8. 29 

Vaccintea. Faccinium Myrtillus and uligin^sum, deciduous 
shrubs, 1 ft. high ; and Fitis idae^a, an evergreen shrub, under a 
foot high ; Qxyc6ccus vulgaris, -a prostrate evergreen shrub. 

Y^cdcecB. Calluna vulgaris, a prostrate evergreen shrub. 
about a foot in height; £rica Tt^tralix cinerea, cilikris, mediter- 
ranea, Mackai ^n^ and vagans, and Dabce^cra j9oliif6Iia, D. p. 
£lba, and cserulea, and Andromeda j[x>Iiifolia, evergreen shrubs, 
under a foot high ; y4'rbutus U^edo qu., an evergreen shrub, 
ISft. high; ^rctost^phylos UVa ursi, a prostrate evergreen 
shrub, and alpina, a prostrate deciduous shrub; and Chamieredon 
procumbens, a prostrate evergreen shrub. 

Oledcea. Lig&siTum vulgare, a deciduous shrub, 6 ft. high ; 
J^axinus exc^lsior, a deciduous tree, 80 ft« high ; heteropfa^ila, 
a deciduous tree, 30 ft. high. 

Kpocynece. Finca minor qu., an evergreen prostrate shrub. 

Soldneip, Solanum Dulcamara, a deciduous trailer. 

Cheticpddea* Chenopodium frutic^sum, an evergreen shrub, 
between S ft. and 4 ft. high ; ^""triplex portulacoides, a prostrate 
evergreen shrub, under a foot in height 

T/iymela^a, £)aphne Laureola, an evergreen shrub, 2 ft. ; 
Mezereum qu., a deciduous shrub, S ft. 

'EUeignece. JTippophae rhamnoides mas, rh. foem., deciduous 
shrubs or very low trees, 15 ft. 

l£acphorb\BXXBi* £uph6rbfa Characias qu., and amygdaloides, 
evergreen fruticulose shrubs, 2ft. high; and Buxus semper- 
virens qu., an evergreen tree, from 8 it. to 20 ft. high. 

Ulmacece. (71mus camp^stris qu., a deciduous tree, of 80 ft. ; 
U. suberosa qu., major qu., and montana, deciduous trees, of 
40 ft ; and U. glabra qu., a deciduous tree, of 60 ft. 

Cuptdiferce. Qu^rcus 226bur and sessiliflora, deciduous trees, 
of 80 ft ; Castanea v^sca qu., a deciduous tree, of 60 ft. ; JPagus 
sylvatica, a deciduous tree, of 70 ft. ; C6rylus ^vellana, a deci- 
duous shrub, of lOft.; and Ci6rpinus jB^tulus, a deciduous tree, 
of 35 ft. 

Bettdineit. jB^tula iilba, a deciduous tree, of 40 ft. ; and B. 
nana, a deciduous under*shrub, of 2 ft. 

Salicinea. Salix ftagilis mas and fragilis foemina, Russell- 
idna mas, Russell. foem., ilba mas, a. foem., ^lba var. cserulea 
mas, a. c. feem., deciduous trees, of 40 ft. high ; S. triandra 
mas, t. fcem., lanceolata mas, 1. foem., pentandra mas, p. 
fcem., petiolaris mas, p. foem,, vitellina mas, v. fcem., decipiens 
mas, d. foem., rubra mas, r. foem., cinerea mas, c. foem., oleae- 
folia mas, o. foem., hirta mas, h. foem., caprea mas, c. foem., 
acuminata mas, a. ficm., and viminalis mas, v. foem., all decidu- 
ous trees, 20 ft. or 25 ft. high ; Hofimannmna mas, H. foem., 
amygdalina mas, a. foem., nigricans mas, n. tbem., Borrena;ia 
mas, B. foem., nitens mas, n. foem., Davallfana mas, D. foem., 
WulfeniV^fta mas, W. foem., t^trapla mas, t. foem., bicolor mas, 



4r 



c 8 



SO HISTORY AND 6E06BAPHY OF TREES. PART I. 

b. foem., tenuifolia mas, t. fcem., malifolia mas, m, fcem., pur- 
purea mas, p. foem., /felix mas, H. foem., Lamberti^na mas, 
L. foem.» Forby^bia mas., F. foem., Crowedna mas, C. foem., 
^runifolia mas, p, foem., venulosa mas., v. foem., carinata mas, 

c. foem., Stuartf^na mas, S. foem., arenaria mas, a. foem., lanata 
mas, 1. foem., arg^ntea mas, a. foem., Donidna mas, D. foem., 
aurita mas, a. foem., aqu^tica mas, a. foem., cotinifolia mas, 
c. foem.9 rupestris mas, r. foem., Andersonfcina mas, A. foem., 
Forsterfcina mas, F. foem., sphacelata mas, s. foem., Smithf^a 
mas, S. foem., and stipularis mas, s. foem», all deciduous shrubs, 
from 3 ft. to 15fL high; /^hylicaefolia mas, p. foem., t«cciniif&lia 
mas, V. foem., Jlfyrsinites mas, M. foem., DicksonfVina mas, 
D. fi£m., arbuscula mas, a. foem., livida mas, 1. foem., glauca mas, 
g. foem., fusca mas, f. foem., incubacea mas, L foem., and ros- 
marinifolia mas, r. foem., all deciduous, from 1 fL to S ft. high ; 
herbacea mas, h. fom., reticulata mas, r. foem., foe^tida mas, 
f. foem., repens mas, r. foem., and prostrata mas, p. foem., pro- 
strate deciduous shrubs, under a foot in height Nearly the 
whole grow in moist ground. Populus ^lba qu. mas, a. foem., 
tr^mula mas, t. foem., nigra mas, n. foem.; and can^scens mas, 
c. foem., deciduous trees, from 40 ft. to GOf):. high. 

Myricea. Jfyrica Gdle mas, G. foera., deciduous shrubs, 2 ft. 
high. 

ConiferiB. Pinus sylv^stris, an evergreen tree, from 60 fl. to 
80 ft. high ; Taxus baccata mas, b. foem., and var. hib^mica, 
evergreen trees, 20 ft. to 30 fL high ; c/uniperus communis mas, 
c foem., evergreen shrubs, from 5 fL to 1 (l high ; nana mas, 
n. foem., prostrate evergreen shrubs. 

ISanpetrea. £'mpetrum nigrum mas, n. foem., evergreen 
prostrate shrubs. 

SmildceiB, J?uscus aculeatus mas, a. foem., and var. laxus, 
evergreen shrubs, from 1 ft. to 2 ft high. 

In estimating the heights of these trees. and shrubs, we have 
supposed them to be growing in their natural and ordinary 
habitats. Under culture, or even in a wild state under favourable 
circumstances, many of them would grow higher, particularly 
the roses, the willows, and the fruticulose plants. The number 
of the latter might have been increased, by adding the car- 
nation, the pink, &c, which, even as indigenous plants, are 
certainly as much fruticulose as £uph6rbfa Charadas, or £• 
amygdaioides. 

The above enumeration includes 71 genera, and about 200 
species, nearly 100 of which are willows, roses, and brambles; 
and these species are comprised in 37 groups or natural orders. 
In greater detail, they are : — ^ 

27 deciduous trees, from 30 ft to 60 fl. in height 

28 deciduous trees, from 15 ft. to 30 ft. in height 

1 evergreen tree, from 60 ft. to 80 ft, the Scotch pine. 



CHAP. lU BRITISH ISLANDS. Sl 

S evergreen trees, from 15 ft to 80 ft., the box, the yew, and 
the holly. 

65 deciduous shrubs, and very low trees, from 5 ft. to 18 ft.; 
includingSl roses and 52 willows. 

26 deciduous shrubs, from 1 ft. to 5 ft. ; including 6 roses 
and 10 willows. 

5 evergreen shrubs, frt>m 5 ft. to 15 ft. 

7 evergreen shrubs, from 1 il. to 5 fl. 
1 evergreen climber, the ivy. 

1 deciauous climber, tfae clematis. 

2 deciduous twiners, honeysuckles. 

8 evergreen trailers, brambles. 

3 deciduous trailers ; the i26sa arv^sis, the Sblanum Dul- 
camara, and the ^ubus cse^^sius. 

13 evergreen shrubs, or fruticulose plants, from 6 in. to, 
1 ft. ih height ; such as the Faccinium Pitis idae\ the ericas, 
Andromeda poliifolia, &c. 

10 deciduous shrubs, or fruticulose plants, from 3 in» to 
1 ft. in height ; such as Comarum palustre, ^accinium MyrtilluSi 
iSalix reticul^ta, prostr^ta, &c. 

Sect. II. Of the Foreign Trees and Shrubs introduced into the 

British Isles. 

If wild plants are said to foUow those animals to whicfa tfaey 
supply food, cultivated plants are tfae followers of man in a state 
of civilisation. In all cases of taking possession of a new country, 
the first step of tfae setders faas been to introduce tfaose vege- 
tkbles wfaicfa, in tfaeir own country, tfaey knew to be tfae most 
productive of fauman food; because the natufal resource of 
man for subsistence is the ground. In' aU temperate climates, 
tfae plants of necessity may be considered to be tfae cereal grasses 
and tfae edible roots* Trees, witfa tfae exception of sucfa as bear 
edible fruit, are not introduced tUI a considerable period after* 
wards; because all jiew and uncivUised countries abound in 
forests of timber. It can only be wfaen tfais timber becomes 
scarce, or wfaen wealtfa and taste faave increased to sttcfa an ex- 
tent as to create a desire for new trees as objects of curiosity, 
tfaat tfae practice takes place of cultivating indigenous trees, or 
of introducing new ones. Hence we find tfaat, in England, all 
the timber required for the purposes of construction and fuel 
was obtained from the native forests and copses, tiU about the 
time of Henry VIII. Ifi tfais reign and tfae next, Holinsfaed 
informs us tfaat plantatibns of trees began to be made for pur- 
poses of utility ; and we find, in tfae same reign, tfaat attention 
began to be paid to tfae trees and sfarubs of foreiffn comitries, 
and that some few, even at that early pertod in the faiBtory of 



82 HlfflOllY AND GEOGRAPHT OF TREES FART I. 

British tree culture, began to be introduced into our gardens, as 
objects of rarity and yalue. 

The ornamental trees, or the trees of curiosity, tbat would first 
be introduced into any country after tbose that recommended 
themselves by their fruit or their medicinal virtues, would be 
such as were generally planted about houses and in gardens, 
or such as bore conspLcuous seeds. Hence the cypress, the bay, 
the box, the elm, the lime, and the plane, as being domestic 
shrubs and trees ; and the chestnut, the ilex, the walnut, and the 
pine» as being trees with conspicuous seeds, would, we may sup- 
pose, be those tbat were first brought over by the Romans, or 
by the heads of religious houses, ambassadors, or travellers. 

Jn tracing the introduction of foreign trees into this country, 
from the earliest ages to the present time, we shall first coUect 
auch notipes as we bave been able to obtain of the period from 
ihe invasion of the country by the Romans, to the end of tbe 
15th century; and, next, take in succession the 16th, I7tb, 
18th, and 19th centuries. 



.SuBSECT. 1. OftheForeign Trees ani Shruhs introduced into Britain 
bu the RomanSf and during the Middle Ages^ to the End ofthe \^ih 
Century. 

There can be no doubt wfaatever that the Romans introduced 
most of our cultivated vegetables and fruits. Some curious 
roofs of this are occasionally found in the springing up of 
talian plants in the neighbourbood of the ruins of Roman viiias, 
where ground, which had long remaiued in a state of rest, had 
been turned over in search of antiquities. Though, as far as we 
^now, no trees or shrubs of Italy have sprunff up in this manoer 
from dormant seeds ; yet there cannot be a doubt but that sorae 
of the trees and shrubs of the Romans would be cultivated in 
the gardens of their governors and generals, most of whom, it is 
imderstood) must have been practically acquainted with hu&- 
bandi^. Such trees would uot only be interesting to them as 
jreminiiing them of their native country, but they would serve 
ito.decorate and distinguish their residences, and command the 
a^miratioQ of ihe Roman army and of the natives. 

We have seen, in the preceding chapter (p. 22.), that most of 
our fruit trees, and in all probabiltty the plane, chestnut, walnut, 
lin)e, elm» and box, were introduced by the Romans. Many trees 
and shrubs introduced by the Romans, or by the monks of the 
middle ages, may bave been afterwards lost; because tbis is, 
sooner orlater, the case with all neglected plants that are placed 
in a climate.which will not enable them to ripen tbeir seeds, 

In the 9th century, during the reign of Charlemagne, some 
^xertions appear to have been made in France for the eKtenaion 



f 



CHAP. II. BBITISH IfiLANDS. 83 

oforchards; bntnothing has reached us respecting the barren 
trees and ornamental shrubs of that period, either in France or 
England. 

In the tenth centory, monasteries and other religious esta- 
blishments began to abound in the country ; and the monks and 
clergy, who were their principal occupants, were generally either 
natives of foreign countries, or had been educated in Italy. Hie 
occnpants of monasteries have, in all times, been attached to 
gardening ; and, among the plants whieh those of Britain pro- 
bably introduced from Italy, there can be little doubt that fruit 
trees were included, and probably, also, some trees of omamenty 
and shrubs. The sweet bay and the arbutus, if they were not 
introduced by tfae Romans, were, in all probability, brought 
over by the monks. It is conjectured by Dr. Walker {Essen/s 
on NaL Hist), that some trees and shrubs were introduced from 
the Holy Land during the time of the crusades ; and one of 
these, he thinks, was the English elm. In the dispute already 
noticed (p. 23.), between Daines Barrington and Dr. Ducarel, 
on the question of the sweet chestnut being indigenous, the 
latter refers to a record, dated in the time of Hehry II., by 
which the Earl of Hereford grants to Flexby Abbey the tithe 
of all his chestnuts in the Forest of Dean. It appears bighly 
probable that the chestnut, being so productive o^ human food 
in Italy in the time of the Romans, would be introduced by 
them, wherever they went, as one of the most useful of trees. 

In the beginning of the 13th century, tbe apple appears to 
have been cultivated to some extent in Norfblk. In tfae 6th of 
King Jobn (1205), Robert de Evermere was found to hold his 
lordship of Redbanfi and Stokesly, in Norfolk, by petty serjeantry, 
the paying of 200 pearmains, and 4 hogsheads (modios) ofwine 
made of pearmains, into the exchequer, at the feast of St^ 
Michael yearly. (Blomfield's Norfolk, ii. 242. 4to edit., 1810.) 

At the beginning of the 15th century, the rose appears to 
have been not only known, but in extensive cultivation. Sir 
William Clopton granted to Thomas Smyth a piece of ground 
called Dokmedwe in Haustede, for theannual payment of a rose^ 
at the nativity of St. John the Baptist, to Sir William and his 
heirs, in lieu of all services, dated at Haustede, on Sunday next 
before the Feast of AU Saints, 3 Henry IV. (1402). {CuUum^s 
HavDsied, p. 117.) 

In explanation of this deed, it may first be observed that 
ancient deeds are often dated on a Sunday, being executed in 
churches or churchyards, for thegreater notoriety: in the 
second place, the rose was then in much more extensive use in 
cultivated society than it is now, when its place is partly occu- 
pied by the great variety of other flowers now in cultivation. 
The demand for roses formerly was so great, tbat bushels of 

p 9 



34 UISTORY AND OEOGRAPHY OF TREES. 7ART.1. 

them were frequently paid by vassals to their lords, both in 
France and England. The single rose paid as an acknowledg- 
ment was the diminulive representation of a bushel of roses ; as 
a single peppercorn, which is still a reserved rent, is of a pound 
of peppercorns, a payment originally of some worth, descending 
by degrees to a mere formaiity. (Histoire de la Vie j>rivee des 
FranfoiSf ii. 221., and Ctdlum^s Hawsted^ 117, 118.) 

The well-known story of the quarrel in the Temple Oardens, 
about 1450, which gave rise to the distinctions of the white and 
red rose in the wars of York and Lancaster, is in unison with 
the foregoing authorities. 

Towards the end of this century, parks for hunting became 
common in England, and bushes in gardens were cHpped ; but 
we have no evidence that in either case foreign trees or shrubs 
were made use of ; unless, with Daines Barrington, we reckon 
the yew tree as such. The yew is mentioned in these times as 
subjected to the topiary operations of the gardener ; and there 
appears little doubt that it was then reckoned one of the princi- 
pal garden shrubs, and almost the only evergreen one. The 
trees of the parks were, in all probability, wholly indigenous, 
and were left to propagate themselves, by shedding their seeds 
among rough herbage ; and the extent of surface they covered 
was allowed to be curtailed by deer and other animals, or to ex- 
tend itself, according to the abundance or scarcity of pasture. 

Of the foreign trees and shrubs of Scotland and Ireland, at 
this remote period, scarcely any thing is known. James I. is 
said to have been an amateur of the fine arts, and to have been 
fond of gardens, and of grafting fruit trees. James III. had 
gardens in the neighbourhood of Stirling Castle ; and the pear 
trees and chestnuts, which are known to have existed in Scotland 
at that period, may have been introduced from France, with 
which country Scotland was then, and for many years after- 
wards, on intimate terms, or by the Roman clergy. Dr. Walker 
mentions a sweet chestnut at Finhaven in Forfarshire, which, in 
1760, was conjectured to be upwards of 500 years old, and 
which is supposed to have been the oldest planted tree in Scot- 
land. {Essaj/Sy p. 29.) 

Still less is known of the introduction of foreign trees and 
shrubs into Ireland. The arbutus is thought by some to be 
indigenous; and it is certain that in England, in the I5th cen- 
tury, it was called the Irish arbutus. By others, however, 
it is said to have been introduced into Killarney by the monks 
of St. Finnian, who founded the abbey of that name on the 
banks of-the lake, in the 6th century. 



CHAP. II. BRITIjSR ISLANDS. 35 



SuBSECT. 2. Ofihe Foreign Trees and Shrubs introduced into Britain 

in ihe \&h Century. 

There is no record which throws any light on the subject of 
the introduction of foreign trees into England previously to the 
time of Henry VIII. Fitzherbert, in 1523, wrote on planting 
and preserving trees for timber and fuel ; and Googe, who 
trauslated Heresbachius in 1578, notices the same subjects. In 
Turner's Names qf Herbes in 1548, the trees mentioned are, the 
almond, the apricot, the pomegranate, Cistus salviaefolius, rose- 
mary, thyme, white jasmine, 5p£rtium junceum, the fig, the 
oriental plane, the elm, the sweet bay, the common black mul- 
berry, the stone pine, the spruce fir, the Cupr6ssus sempervirens, 
and the savin. In his Herbal of 1562, he adds the peach, the 
walnut, and the rue. In 1568 he adds^ the lavender. It appears 
that foreign trees cmd shrubs were not altogether neglected 
in the royal gardens, in the time of Henry VIII. ; since, in a 
survey of the royal palace at Nonsuch, in Surrey, in the suc- 
ceeding century, there were, in the wilderness, lilacs, lime trees, 
yews, junipers, and hoUies. L'ObeI, who published his Adver- 
saria in 1570) includes the «Tasminum fruticans, the Pistacia 
officinarum, and the Genista <Sc6rpius, among his woody plants. 
Tusser, in 1573, mentions the quince and the Damask rose. 
Grindal, Bishop of London, is said by FuIIer to have intro- 
duced the German tamarisk, about the year ] 560; but, accordin^ 
to Camden and Hakluyt, better authorities, about 1582. Grindal 
was visited at Fulham by the queen, who complained that the 
bishop had so surrounded his house with trees, that she could 
not enjoy the prospect from her chamber windows. Such ex- 
cellent grapes were produced at Fulham by this prelate, that 
some were sent every year to the queen. {Strype^s Life of 
Grindal.) 

Wimbledon House, which was rebuilt by Sir Thomas Cecil 
in 1588, and surveyed by order of the parliament in 1649, was 
celebrated for its gardens and trees. In the several gardens, 
which consisted of mazes, wildernesses, knots, alleys, &c., are 
mentioned a ^reat variety of fruit trees, and some shrubs, par- 
ticularly " a laire bay tree," valued at 1/., and ** one very faire 
tree, called the Irish arbutis, very lovely to look upon, and 
worthl/. 105." {Lysons^ i. 397.) Gerard, the first edition of whose 
Catalogue is dated 1 596, appears to have had several foreign trees 
and shrubs in his garden in Holborn; and, among others, 
althsea frutex, the laburnum, the Judas tree, six difierent kinds 
of roses, the laurustinus, the Z)iospyros Z»Atus, the white mul- 
berry, the nettle tree, the pinaster, the arbor vitae, the yucca, 
and several others, as may be seen by the list below. 

D 3 



36 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART I. 

Gerard mentions having planted jPhill^ea serrata in the Earl 
of Essex's garden at Barn Elms. {Herbal, edit 1597, p. 1210.) 
Gough (BriL Topog,^ p. 61.) says, that, before the year 1597, 
Gerard had 1100 difierent plants and trees in cultivation. 
Tradescant is said by Gough to have been contemporary with 
Gerard, but he appears rather to belong to the 17th century. 
The only nursery which we read of as existing in. the 16th cen- 
tury is that of Corbet, otherwise called Poynter, the father of 
Bishop Corbet, at Twickenham, mentioned by Sir Hugh Plat 
and by Ben Jonson. Gerard says that ^' Richard Poynter was a 
most cunning and curious grafter and planter of all manner of 
rare plants at Twickenham." {Herb., 1597, p. 1269.) 

It is uncertain whether Raieigh brought over any hardy 
American trees or shrubs, though it is highly probable that 
he did so, as he introduced the cberry tree into Ireland, and 
his manor at Sherborne, in Dorsetshire, is said to have been 
magnificently embellisbed with woods and gardens. Coker, 
author of a Suroey qf Dorsetshire^ published in 17S2, but which 
appears to have been written in the time of James I., says tbat 
Sir Walter Raleigh built in ^^ the parke " adjoining the old 
castle '^ a most fine house, which hee beautified with orchardes, 
gardens, and groves of much varietie and great delight; soethat, 
whether that you consider the pleasantnesse of tlie seate, the 
goodnesse of the soyle, or the other delicacies belonging unto 
it, it rests unparalleled by anie in those partes." (p. 124.) 

The park of Sherborne, after the deatli of Sir Waller Raleigh, 
came into the possession of the Earls of Digby, one of whom 
altered the house, and employed Brown to Iny out the grounds. 
The centre part of the former mansion, which was built by Sir 
Walter lialeigb, still exists, and bears his arms, and the date 
1574 over ihe windows. In the park there is a grove, said to 
have been planted by Sir Walter, which still retains his name. 
{Beaidies qfEngland, Sfc.y Dorsetshirey p. 438.) 

We cun state nothing respecting the introduction of foreign 
trees into Scotland or Ireland during this century. 

The trees and shrubs introduced into England during the 
16th century, and the persons by whom they were introduced, 
cultivated, or recorded (the names of the latter being included in 
parentheses), according to the Hortus Kewensis^ are as foliow: — 

1548. Z/a6rus nobilis 

jSpdrtium ^'dnceum 

^m^gdalus connnunis 

Puiilca Granatum 

^rmeniaca vulg^ris 

Jasrainum oiBcinale 

iJosmarinus ofBcinalis South of Europe (Turner) 



Italy 


(Tumer) 


S. of Eu. 


Lord Cobham 


Barbary 


(Turner) 


S,ofEu. 


Syon Garden 


Levant 


(Turner) 


East Indies 


(Turner) 



GKAP. II. 



BRITI8H ISLANDS. 



37 



1548. 



1548 or 



1548 or 



1551. 
156S. 



1568. 



1569, 
1570. 



1573. 



1581. 
1582. 
1596. 



Th;^mus vulr^ris 
i/yssopus oiiScin^lis 
Artemisia ^brotanum 

before.' Morus nigra 
i^cus C^rica 
Platanus orientillis 

before. Pinus Pinea 

-/f bies exc^isa 

Jbnipeinis «Sabina 

Cupr^ssns sempervirens 

Clstus ^alviaefolius 

Biita grav^olens 

Persica vulgaris 

Persica lae^is 

SatHri;a montana 

Juglans r^gia 

Juniperus /amariscif^lia 

Colutea arborescens 

Lav&ndula Spica and la- 

tifolia 

Cl^matis Vitic^IIa 

Pistacia officinkrum 

Genista sagittalis 

Genista /Scorpius 

On6nis rotundifolia 

Santolina squarrdsa 

Jasminum fruticans 

?^itex -4 gnus castus 

£^phedra distachya 

i26sa damascena 

Cydonia vulgaris 

Santolina Chamsecyparis- 

sus 

Quercus T\ex 

Tamarix germ&nica 

Cl^matis pedicelldta 

Cl^matis cirrh6sa 

Cl^matis Flammula 

Cistus incdnus 

/:/ibiscus syriacus 

C^tisus Lab6rnum 

Cytisus alpmus 

Cytisus spinosus 

Coronilla E^merus 

Medicago arborea 

C^rcis iSiliqu^^trum 

iZbsa-centitolia 

D 4 



South of Europe (Turner) 
South of Europe (Turner) 
South of Europe (Turner) 
Italy (Turner) 

South of Europe (Turner) 
Levant (Turner) 

S. of Europe Richmond 
North of Europe (Turner) 
South of EuTope (Turner) 
Candia Syon Garden 

S. of Eu. . Syon Garden 
South of Europe (Turner) 
Persia (Tumer) 

Persia (Turner) 

South of Europe (Turner) 
Persia (Turner) 

South of Europe (Tumer) 
France (Turner) 

South of Europe (Turner) 

Spain Hugh Morgan 

Levant Gray 

Germany (Turner) 

South of Europe (Turner) 
Switzerland Hugh Morgan 
S. of Eu. Hugh Morgan 
South of Europe (Turner) 
Sicify (Turner) 

France L'Obel 

Levant (Tusser) 

Austria (Tusser) 

South of EuropQ (Tusser) 

S.ofFrancc\VhitehaII Gar. 

Germany Archbp. Grindal 

Majorca Gerard 

Spain Gerard 

France Gerard 

South of Europe Gerard 

Syria Gerard 

Continent of Eu. Gerard 

Continent of Eu. Gerard 

South of Europe Gerard 

France Gerard 

Italy Gerard 

South of Europe Gerard 

South of Europe Gerard 



98 



HISTORT AND GEOGRAPHT OF TREES. 



PART I. 



1596. 



1597. 



BitsA likea 
HbssL moschktB 
226sa dnnam^mea 
It6stL provinci^is 
JBosa e4Ilica 
Amelanchier vulg^rb 
Piantago Cynops 
Paliurus aculeiLtus 
JBhiis Coriaria 
Lonicera alpjgena 
Cornus m&s 



Germany 

Barbary 

France 

France 

France 

Sonth of Europe 

South of Europe 

South of Europe 

South of Europe 

Switzerland 

Austria 



Pbiladdrphus coron^rias South of Europe 



Tenorm fruticosa 
jSambucus racem6sa 
Fibumum Tlnus 
^burnum 71 lucida 
Fibumum T. stricta 
^rtemisia 5ant6nica 
Diospyros Loius 
5^Ivia triloba 
Phl6mis frutic6sa and 

lanata 
Satureja capitata 
Jlf 6rus ^ba 
Cdtis australis 
Pinus Pinlister 
Thiija occidentidis 
Yicca glori6sa 
iZiiscus hypoglossum 
P6sa 6Iba 

Cerasus Chamaecerasus 
Lonicera nigra 
Sk/ringa vul^is Persia, or probably Hun- 

gary, of which country it has been lately discovered 

to be also a native {BoL Mag.j 8278., and Gard. 

Mag.j ix. 706.) Oerard 

i%ill^rea angustifblia, and the varieties, m^ia, virgita, 

{)6ndula, oleaefolia, /igustrifolia, lae^vis, ilicirolia, 
atifolia, and obliqua S. of £u« Earl of Essex 

Syria Gerard 

South of Europe Gerard 
Italy Gerard 

Spain Gerard 



South of Europe 

South of Europe 

South of Europe 

Spain 

South of Europe 

Siberia 

Italy 

South of Europe 

Spain 

Levant 
China 

South of Europe 
South of Europe 
North America 
North America 
Italy 
Crimea 
Austria 
Switzerland 
or 



Gerard 
Grerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
(Miller) 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 

Gerard 
Gerard 
Geraid 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 



Periploca grae^ca 
iS&lvia officinklis 
jSt^rax officinale 
2>iphne Gnidium 



It will be observed, from the foregoing list, that the date of 
the first introduction^ or rather, that of the first mention made 
in booksi of foreign woody plants in England, is 1548, when 



CUAP. II. BRITISH ISLANDS. S9 

sixteen were introduced. Among these were the sweet bay, the 
almond, the apricot, the pomegranate, the mulberry, tbe pla- 
tanus, the stone pine, the common spruce fir, the cypress, anci 
the savin juniper. The names of the introducers, or first cul- 
tivators, are almost entirely unknown, and, indeed, it is probable 
that most of the plants named at this early period had been in 
the country many years previously; some of them, as the rose- 
mary» the thyme, the southernwood, the sweet bay, the apricot, 
&c., possibly from the time of the Romans ; or, at all events, 
from the period of the establishment of religious houses in 
England. Among these plants> there are only two irom ultra- 
European countries : the almond, from Barbary ; and the jas- 
mine, from the East Indies. 

From 1551 to 1596, during the reign of Mary and the 
greater part of that of Elizabeth, twenty-four plants were first 
recorded, among which were the peach, the nectarine, and the 
walnut, from Persia ; and the damask rose, the quince, and the 
Qu^rcus /^lex. The names of the introducers are not known» 
with few exceptions ; such as that of Hugh Morgan, apothecary 
to Queen Elizabeth ; Gray, a London apothecary, mentioned by 
L'ObeI; L'ObeI, a Fleming, who was afterwards botanist to 
James I.; and Dr. Grindal, who was bishop of London, and after- 
wards archbishop of York and Canterbury, during the greater 
part of the reign of Elizabeth. From 1596 to the end of the 
century, forty-six different species were introduced, and upwards 
of thirty of these were first recorded by Gerard. Among these 
were, the English and Scotch labumums, the althsea firutex, the 
Judas tree ; the musk, the yellow and the hundred-Ieaved roses ; 
the cotoneaster, Christ's thorn, Comus m£s, the common syringa, 
the laurustinus, the lilac, and the phillyrea. Most of these are 
from the continent and south of Europe ; and there are, in this 
period, also, the arbor vitae and the yucca, from North America. 

Thus, the total number of foreign woody plants which are 
known to have been cultivated in Britain during the 16th cen- 
tury is only eighty-four, exclusive of two varieties of the lau- 
rustinus, and nine of the phillyrea. 

It is impossible, at this distance of time, to ascertain the names 
of all the persons to whom we are indebted for the introduction . 
of these plants ; but it is certain that the merit of the first 
cultivation of the greater part of them belongs decidedly to 
Gerard. 

John Gerard, Pulteney informs us, was born at Nantwich in 
Cheshire, in 1545, educated as a surgeon, and patronised in 
London by Lord Burleigh, who had at that time the best col- 
lection of plants in the xingdom. Gerard superintended this 
nobIeman's garden, which was in the Strand ; Gerard himself 
living in Holborn, where he had a physic garden, considered 



40 HISTORY AND aBOGRAPmr OF TREES. PART I. 

to be at that time the most remarkable in England for the 
number and variety oFits productions. This garden appears by 
the old maps to bave been situated on the brow of the hill be^ 
tween what is now Ely Place, and what was formerly the Fleet 
River, but what is now called Field Lane, the stream being 
arched oven Gerard appears to have practised as a surgeon 
and apothecary, suj^plying his prescriptions from his garden. 
He was the author oF severai works, the principal of which are 
his Catalogue and his HerbaL The first edition of the former is 
dedicated to Lord Burieigh» and the second to Sir Walter 
Raleigh. It enumerates nearly 1100 sorts of plants, of foreign 
and domestic growth, all of which (as attested by L'Obel} were 
to be found in his garden in Holborn. . Gerard died about the 
year I6O79 highly respected by the college of physicians and by 
all his contemporaries. 



SuiWBCT. S. Ofthe Foreign Trees and Shrubs introduced inio Britain 

in the 17 th Century. 

Tradescant appears to have come to England towards the 
end of the preceding century. Wood says he was a Dutcbman ; 
that he was in the service of Lord Treasurer Salisbury, Lord 
Wootton, and the Duke of Buckingham ; and that, about \629y 
he obtained the title of gardener to Charles L He is said to 
have travelled over a great part of Europe, and to have gone into 
Barbary, Greece, Egypt, and other Eastem countries, in quest 
of plants and natural curiosities. He had a garden at Lambeth, 
and a niuseum there ; in the former of which he cultivated many 
plants, and, as appears by a Catalogue published by his son, in 
16.56, some trees and shrubs. Tradescant's garden and mu- 
seum were probably not commenced tili after he had retired 
from the service of private noblemen, and entered into that of 
the king, which would give its origin about 1630. Trades- 
cant's son travelled in Virginia, and introduced various new 
plants from that country. Tradescant, senior, died about 1652. 
Tradescant's garden was visited, in 1749, by Dr. Mitchell 
and Dr. (afterwards Sir) William Watson, F.R.S. ; but at that 
distant period they found very few trees. Among these, how- 
ever, were Schub^rt/a disticha, Robinm Pseud-^csLcia; Ahamnus 
cath&rticus, about 20 ft. high, and nearly a foot in diameter; an 
^ristolochia, and several mulberry trees. {Phil. Trans. Abr.y 
X. 740.) These were but a few of the species of trees cultivated 
by Tradescant; as appears by the Catalogue published by 
his son, and by the list at the end of this section. 

From a memorandum by Dr. Gray, in his copy of the Horti 
Regii Hamptoniensis^ &c., now in the British Museum, we leam 
tbat many of the plants ennmerated in that catalogue were 



CHAF. II* BRmSH fSLAKDS. 41 

brought firom Soesdyke in Holland, the seat of Mr. Bentinck, 
afterwards Earl of Portland. The gardens of Holland were 
at that time the richest in Europe. 

Tbe great introducer of foreign trees in this century was Dr. 
Compton, who was the bishop of London from 1675 to ITIS, 
and who may truly be said to have been the father of all that 
has since been done in this branch of rural improvement. 
Bisbop Compton was the youngest son of Spencer, Earl of 
Northampton ; he was made btshop of Oxford in 1674, and 
was translated to the see of London in the following year. 
He was a zealous protestant and a most excellent man. He 
lived a retired life at Fnlbam, attendtng to his episcopal duties 
and to his garden. 

In the S2d book of Ray^s Historia Plantantm^ written in 1696, 
in whicb betreats of plants imperfectiy known, there is a chapter 
on the rare trees and shrubs which he saw in the garden ef 
Bishop Compton at Fulham. Among these are enumerated 
the tulip tree, the magnolia, the sassafras, the tree angelica 
(Araliaspin^sa), the hickory, the box elder, tbe liquidambar» the 
Constantinople nut, some species of Cratie^^gus, some of RhixSf 
some of CSrnus, and some of ^''triplex. Bishop Compton died 
in 1713, at the age of 81 years. His garden was visited by Sir 
William Watson in 1751, 48 years after bis death; and he gave 
the following account of this bishop and his garden to the 
Royal Society: — "Dr. Henry Compton," he observes, "plan