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Full text of "Arboretum et fruticetum Britannicum; or, The trees and shrubs of Britain"

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ARBORETUM ET FRUTICETUM 

BRITANNICUM ; 

OR, 

THE TREES AND SHRUBS OF BRITAIN, 
JAatte aiUi JFordon, K^atH; ann l^«2{^niF» 

PICTORIALLY AND BOTANICALLY DELINEATED, 

AND SCIENTIFICALLY AND POPULARLY DBSCRIBID ; 

WITH 

THEIR PROPAGATION, CULTURE, MANAGEMENT, 

kSD USES IN THE ARTS, IN USEFUL AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTATIONS, AND IN 



rmSCKDXD BY A 

HISTORICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL OUTLINE 
OP THB TREES AND SHRUBS OF TEMPERATE CLIMAT 

THROUOHOCJT THE WORLD. 



By J. q. LOUDON, 'f.L. & H.S., &c 

AUTHOK OF TUB BMCTCLOPJKOIAS OP GAEDENINO AMD OP AGMCULTUHX, 
AMD COMDUCTOB OF THE GABDXNEll's MAGASIMX. 




tN EIGHT VOLUMES : 

FOUR OF LETTERPRESS, ILLUSTRATED BY ABOVE 2500 ENGRAVINGS; 
AND FOUR OF OCTAVO AND QUARTO PLATES. 



VOL. I. 

HISTORY^. GEOGRAPHY, AND SCIENCE; AND DESCRIPTIONS, FROM 
BAMUVCULA^CEJB TO STAPH YLEA^RS, P. 494., INCLUSIVE. 



LONDON: 

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR; 

AMD SOLD BT 

LONGMAN, ORME, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS; 

THE PARTIALLY COLOURED AND COLOURED COPIES, BY 

JAMES EIDGWAY AND SONS. 

1856. 



7 



LoNDOv: 
Printed bj A. Sntivwoodb, 



TO HIS GRACE, 

HUGH, DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, K.G. 

My Lord Duke, 

In dedicating to Your Grace the accompanying 
Volumes, I am anxious to show how fully I appreciate the 
encouragement which your ancestors and yourself have always 
given to gardening pursuits, and more especially to the intro- 
duction and cultivation of foreign trees and shrubs. How 
much the British Arboretum is indebted to the noble family of 
Xorthumberland, for the introduction of trees and shrubs from 
America during the last century, is evinced by the Hortus 
Kewensis, Miller's Dictionary^ and other works which record 
the names of the first introducers of foreign plants ; and how 
various and magnificent are the specimens of foreign trees which 
exist in the grounds at Syon, the numerous portraits of them 
which are given in the Volumes now submitted to the public 
bear ample testimony. 

For the kindness which Your Grace has evinced, in having had 
these portraits made expressly for my work, I am desirous that 
this dedication should be considered as a public memorial of my 
lasting gratitude. 

I have the honour to subscribe myself 
Your Grace's 

Very obedient humble Servant, 

The Author. 



Baygwater^ May 20. ia38. 



.1 2 



PREFACE. 



Xhb main object which induced the author to undertake this Work was, the 
hope of diffusing more generally, among gentlemen of landed property, a taste 
for introducing a greater variety of trees and shrubs in their plantations and 
pleasure-grounds. He had observed, for a number of years, that, though many 
new and beautiful trees and shrubs were annually introduced from foreign 
countries into our botanic gardens and nurseries, yet the spread of these 
plants in the grounds of country residences was comparatively slow ; and that 
not only the new sorts were neglected, but many of the fine old species and 
wieties, which had been in British nurseries for upwards of a century, were 
forgotten by planters, and had ceased to be propagated by commercial gardeners, 
lo short, it appeared to the author, that the general taste of the country for 
trees and shrubs bore no just proportion to the taste which prevailed in it 
for fruits, culinary productions, and flowers. It also appeared to him, that, 
vhile the numerous horticultural societies now established in the British 
Islands had powerfully promoted the general taste for horticultural and flori- 
cohural productions, they had rather neglected arboriculture and landscape- 
gardening. 

Viewing trees and shrubs as, next to buildings, the most important ornaments 
vhich can be introduced into a country ; and considering them, in this respect, 
greatly superior to herbaceous plants, from the little care that trees and shrubs 
require when once properly planted, and their magnitude, and permanent in- 
fluence when grown up, on the general scenery of the country ; the author felt 
desirous of pointing out the great importance of their more general distribution 
and culture. In order to impress this on the minds of proprietors and their 
families, and especially on the rising generation among them, he thought it 
best to adopt, as the main feature of his plan, the description and portraiture 
of such species and varieties of trees and shrubs as are actually in cultivation 
in the country, and as grow vigorously in it; referring to gardens or grounds 
within a limited distance of London, where these species or varieties may be 
seen in a living state, and to nurseries where they are propagated for sale, and 
stating the price for which they might be purchased in England, in France and 
Germany, and in North America. He has thought it advisable to give, not only 
botanical specimens, but portraits of the greater number of species of trees ; in 
order, by a palpable representation of their forms and magnitudes, to make a 
stronger impression on the mind of the reader. These pictorial illustrations are 
of two kinds : first, portraits of trees often or twelve years' growth, taken from 
specimens growing in 1834, 1835, or 1836, within ten miles of London, and all 
ihawn to the same scale of 1 in. to 4 ft. ; and, secondly, of full-grown trees, also 
aU drawn to one scale, viz. 1 in. to 12 ft., and for the most part growing within 
dbt anme distance ofXcnidQii. 

A 3 



VI PREFACE. 

The use of the first class ofportraits is, to give a palpable idea of the general 
magnitude, form, and character, which different species and varieties assume 
when growing in the same soil and climate, even in so short a period as ten or 
twelve years after planting. A slight comparative view of these portraits shows 
that the growth of some trees is much more rapid than that of others ; and that 
while the species of some genera when young are comparatively monotonous 
in their general form, those of the species of other genera of the same age have 
marked and characteristic features. Hence the valuable assistance afforded 
by such portraits in the choice of trees for the purposes of landscape-garden- 
ing. To solve the problem of ascertaining the species capable of producing 
any desired effect of wood, or of trees, in a given locality, and in a given time, 
it is only necessary to turn over the portraits which are contained in the last 
four volumes of this Work, and to sdect those species, the portraits of which 
exhibit trees of such forms and magnitudes as will produce the effect desired. 

The second class of portndts represents full-grown trees of the same spe- 
cies as those of which portraits in their young state are given ; and these, for 
the greater part, are drawn from trees within ten miles of Loudon, and all, 
with one or two exceptions, are to one scale. The object in giving these 
portraits of full-grown trees is, to show the magnitude and character which 
particular species attain when they arrive at maturity, and to be a guide to 
the planter, not only in many particulars having reference to pictorial efiect, 
but also with respect to the uses of trees as productive of timber, shelter, 
and shade. 

These portraits of trees in their young and mature state, which are contained 
in the last four volumes, together with the engraved botanical specimens, and 
the scientific and popular descriptions contained in the four volumes of letter- 
press, are calculated, as the author thinks, to create that interest in trees and 
shrubs in those who have not previously paid much attention to the subject, 
to produce which, as already observed, has been his grand object in under- 
taking this Work. 

In addition to the trees and shrubs which have been ten or twelve years in 
the country, and which are purchasable in British nurseries, those of more 
recent introduction, which are comparatively scarce, are also described or 
noticed; as are some which were introduced at former periods, and have been 
lost, and others which are known to botanists, but which have not yet been 
introduced. 

Besides notices of new and little known hardy trees and shrubs, or of 
such as are described by botanists but not yet introduced, some attention 
has been paid throughout the Work to trees and shrubs which, though they 
will stand through the winter in mild seasons, without protection in favourable 
situations, or with protection in situations and seasons less favourable, in the 
climate of London, yet cannot be recommended for general purposes, and 
are therefore generally described by gardeners as only half-hardy. These 
half-hardy species have been noticed, because there is perhaps no scene in 
a British garden more interesting, than one in which^ the plants of warm 



PREFACE. Vii 

QraaUy teen in green-hoiises or conservatories, appear in a flourisb- 
iog state in the open air ; and ako because the culture and management of 
luch plants call forth a higber degree of scientific knowledge and attention 
oo the part of the gardener, and therefore contribute to his improvement and 
consequent useftdness. Half-hardy trees and shrubs of the more tender kinds 
sre geneially coltivBted against what is in this Work called a conservative wall ; 
tbat ia, a wall which may be fined or not according*to circumstances, but which 
admtta of puttii^ up a temporary projecting roof, or some other means of 
protection, during the winter season. Such walls are at present not very 
generally in use for ornamental exotics ; but so great are the interest and 
beauty which they are calculated to display when properly designed, planted, 
md managpd, that in a few years they will probably be as general as fruit 
waOf ; and, as ornaments to a country residence^ connected with the flower- 
gsiden and dimbbery, will be considered as rankmg next to the conservatory 
lad the green-house. 

Having gnFon this notice of the objects which have led to the undertaking 
of this Work, and a general outline of the plan pursued in it, the reader is 
referred to the Introdnctton, and to the Explanatcnry References which pre- 
cede the Table of Contents, for further detidis» 

The engraving and printing of this Woiic, for which collections had been 
■aking for several years (see the Gardenei^» Magazine^ vol. vL, for 1830, 
p. 562. and p. 718.), was begun in August, 1834 ; and it has been published in 
Numbers, the first of which appeared in January, 1835, and the 63d and 
lut on the 1st of July, 1838. It was originally intended to include in 
it a generalisation of the whole subject of the trees and shrubs of temperate 
cfimatcs ; bat, finding the Work had increased to more than double the 
extent originally contemplated, it has been thought advisable to publish the 
genefaliaation alluded to separately ; and it will accordingly appear at some 
iitnre time, in one volume, under the title of an Encyclop(gdia oj ArbonaiUwre. 

It now remains for the author to acknowledge his obligations to the nu- 
■erooa persons who have given him inf<Mrmation for this Work. He refers to 
the List of Ckmtributors, p. xv., and to every mdividual there named he begs 
to return his most sincere thanks. He thanks, in a more particular manner, 
the Council of the Horticultural Society of London, for having granted him 
ptiiuissian to take portraits of the trees in the Society's Garden, and to ex- 
smine and make drawings from the botanical specimens sent home by Douglas 
snd others^ in their herbarium ; as well as for the information communicated 
by their head gardener, Mr. Munro, and the foreman of their arboretum, Mr. 
Gordon. The author is deeply indebted to Messrs. Loddiges, with reference to 
their arboretum at Hackney, and for the kind and liberal manner in which they 
have at all times, during the last ten years, since he began to prepare for this 
Work, not only allowed him to send artists to make drawings, and supplied 
him with specimens, but permitted him to select these himself; and, in short, 
to nae their nnrivalled collection of hardy trees and shrubs as if it had been 
Ua QWtu To the linnean Society, and their librarian. Professor Don, the 
is anich indebted lor the loan of books, and for permission to examine 

A 4 



Vlll PREFACE. 

the specimens of trees and shrubs in the Linnean herbarium ; as he is to 
A. B. Lambert, Esq^ y.P.L.S., &c, for the use of his magnificent library 
and unique herbarium, and for the living specimens of the Conifers from 
Boyton ; and to W. T. Aiton» Esq., F.L.S., H.S.,&c., Her Majesty's Garden- 
Director at Kew, for specimens of the trees and shrubs in the arboretum there, 
for tlie loan of manuscripts, and for other valuable information and assistance, 
communicated either directly by himself, or through that scientific and assidu- 
ous botanist and cultivator, Mr. Smith, foreman of the Kew Botanic Grarden. 

To His Grace the Duke of Northumberland the author is indebted, not 
only for access for himself and artists to examine and take portraits of the 
splendid exotic trees at Syon, but for drawings of upwards of a hundred 
of the largest and rarest of those trees, made for this Work by G. R. 
Lewis, Esq., at His Grace's expense, and also for engravings from several 
of the largest of these drawings. To Mrs. Lawrence of Studley Royal 
he is obliged for the portraits of many of the noble trees in the park 
at Studley, that lady having employed a London artist, H. W. Jukes, Esq., 
for several months for that purpose ; and to the Rev. J. Charnock, for di- 
recting the measurements, and supplying interesting information respecting 
those trees. To the Countess of Bridgewater he is indebted for portraits of 
the gigantic beeches at Ashridge : and to Lady Grenville, for permission to take 
drawings, and for numerous specimens of the ilbiednse in the magnificent 
pinetum at Dropmore ; and to Her Ladyship's intelligent and most industrious 
gardener, Mr. Frost, for supplying valuable information respecting their culture 
and management, and for lending every assistance in his power. Portraits of 
trees, and many specimens, have also been sent by various other persons in 
different parts of Great Britain and Ireland, whose names, lest any individual 
should be by chance omitted, it is not endeavoured here to enumerate. 

The author is also indebted, for portraits, specimens, and information, to 
various amateurs and gardeners on the Continent, as well as to correspond- 
ents in North America and Australia ; and more especially to M. Alphonse 
De CandoUe of Geneva ; to M. Andr^ Michaux, M. Vilmorin, M. Loiseleur 
Deslongchamps,and M. Soulange-Bodin, of Paris ; td Baron Jacquin, and M. 
Charles Ranch, of Vienna ; to Professor Reinwardt, Leyden ; Professor Kops, 
Utrecht ; M. Otto, Berlin ; Messrs. Booth, Hamburg ; Professor Schouw 
and M. Petersen, Copenhagen; Bishop Agardh, Carlstadt, Sweden; Dr. 
Fischer, Petersburg; M. Fintelman, Moscow; M. Descemet, Odessa; Sr. 
G. • Manetti, Monza, near Milan ; the Honourable Keppel Craven, Naples ; 
Dr. Mease, Philadelphia; Col. Carr, of Bartram's Botanic Garden ; and John 
Thompson, Esq., Surveyor General's office, Sydney. 

In the literary department the author received the assistance of the Rev. 
M. J. Berkeley, M. A., F.L.S., for the lists of Fungi inhabiting different spe- 
cies of trees ; of J. O.Westwood, Esq., F.L.S., Secretary to the Entomological 
Society,for descriptions and drawings of the Insects infesting different species ; 
of Wm. Spence, Esq., F.L.S.» and of M. Audouin, Member of the Institute 
of France, and Professor of Entomology, for information respecting the species 
of Scdlytus injurious to the dm ; of Air. John Denson, A.L.S., in drawing up 



PREFACE. ix 

die duoractera of the Orders and Genera, and generally for what may be 

conndered tiie botanical de|>artment of this Work, from its commencement to 

the end of the genus iS&lix. Heis, also, indebted to W. Withers, Esq., of Holt, 

Norfolk, for the loan of his unpublished work on the Robinia Pseud-ilcicia ; 

to W. Borrer, Esq^ F.L.8., for the arrangement into groups of the numerous 

ipedes of the difficult genus 5&lix, and for looking over the proof sheets of 

the article on that genus; to Professor Alphonse De Candolle, for looking 

o?er the proof sheets of the article on Salisburia, as well as for examining the 

proofs of the history of trees in France and Switzerland ; to M. Vilmorin, for 

looking over the proof sheets of the history of trees and shrubs in France ; to 

the late M. Fischer, of the Botanic Garden, Gottingen, and to M. Otto, of 

Berlin, for looking over the proof sheets of the history of trees in Germany ; 

to Professor Don, for arranging and looking over the whole of the generic 

characters, and some of the proof sheets, of the Coniferas ; and to Mr. Gorrie, 

for *^amining the proof sheets of the article on the Larch. 

To His Grace the Duke of Bedford the author is indebted for much valuable 
informatioD on the subject of trees, and more especially respecting the Oak, 
the Scotch Pine, and the Cedar of Lebanon, communicated either directly 
by Bis Grace, or throu^ his forester at Wobum Abbey, Mr. Ireland ; as well 
as for permission (of which he has avuled himself) to make whatever use 
he chose of that magnificent work the Salictum Wobumerue, To the Duke 
of Richmond, the Earl of Aberdeen, Macpherson Grant, Esq., and Mr. Grigor, 
of Forres, he is indebted for important communications respecting the Scotch 
Pine in Scotland ; to the Duke of Portland for various researches respecting 
the Oak in Nottinghamshire; and to the Earl of Wicklow, Earl Roden, Lord 
Viscount Ferrard, Sir Robert Bateson, Mr. Mackay, and Mr. Niven, for 
infonnation respecting the trees and shrubs of Lreland. 

The author, in conclusion, has only to request that the readers of this Work 
vill send to him whatever corrections, additions, or suggestions may occur to 
them on its perusal, or at any future period. It is his intention to publish what- 
ever additional matter he may receive from correspondents, or procure him- 
iel( in an Annual Report in the Gardener' t Magazine; and to include in this 
report notices of all the trees and shrubs which may, during the year, have been 
introduced from foreign countries, or originated in this country from intentional 
hybridisation or accident. This report will also include such improvements as 
may from time to time be made in arboricultural nomenclature, such as the 
re-arrangement of the species of a genus, &c. ; and, in short, every thing that 
may be found requisite to keep up the infommtion contained in the Arbore- 
tum et Fruticelum Britanniaim, with the actual progress of knowledge on the 
subject. The essence of these annual reports will be collected from time to 
time, and published in pamphlets, as supplements to the Arboretum ; so that 
the possessor of this first edition may have it in his power, at any future 
time, to bring the Work down to the latest date, without being under the 
necessity of purchasing a new edition. 

J. !>. Ju4. 

Bay$water^ May 20. 1838. 



DZREcmozrs to the biztder. 



The Work is to be done up in Eight Volumes : the first Four of Letter- 
press, and the last Four of Plates. 

Vol. I. is to contain the Dedication, PreflEkce, Contents, &c., of the eight 
volumes, and the text as far as p. 494. inclusive. A Table of the Contents of 
Vol. I. is to be placed immediately before the Introduction ; and the first part 
of this table being systematic, and the second part alphabetical, an index at 
the end of the volume is unnecessary. The Signatures at the beginning of 
the volume run thus : — a, [a], a, a to d d, * b, c, &c., in the regular series. 

Vol. II. commences with p. 4D5., and ends with p. 1256. There is a Title, 
with a Table of Contents on the same plan as in Vol. I. 

Vol. III. commences with 1257., and ends with p. 2030.; having a Table 
of Contents, &c., as in Vol. I. 

Vol. IV. commences with p. 2031., and contains the remaining part of the 
text ; with a Table of Contents, &c., as in Vol. I., at the beginning, and three 
Alphabetical Indexes at the end* 

Vol. V. commences with Magndliar grandifldra, and ends with ildUaa deal- 
bata. There is a Title, with a Table of Contents arranged on the same plan 
as that given in the preceding volumes. 

Vol. VI. commences with i4m/gdalus commiinis, and ends with CKmus 
europse'a, full-grown tree. Title, Contents, &c., as in preceding volumes. 

Vol. VII. commences with Catdlpa tyringaSdllsL, and ends with Qudrcus 
ilba. Title, Contents, &c., as before. 

Vol. VIII. commences with Qudrcus macrocdrpa, and ends with Junlperus 
excelsa ; and has Title, Contents, &c., as before. At the end of this volume 
there is an Alphabetical Index to the Four Volumes of Plates. 

*«* A List of the Plates, in the order in which they are to be bound up, 
is given in the Table of Contents, p. cliv. to clxi. in Vol. I. 

The Cancels given in order to introduce corrections, &c., are the fol* 
lowing : — 

Text. 



{ 



Vol. I., pages 1 to 15. 

21, 22. 
27, 28. 
29, 30. 
73, 74. 
157, 158. 

il59, 160. 
173, 174. 
175, 176. 
177, 178. 
229, 230. 



Vol. II., pages 495, 496. 

921, 922. 
1229, 1230. 
1255, 1256. 
Vol. III., Titlepage. 

pages 1257 to 1262. 

ri273, 1274. 

\ 1275, 1276. 

1295, 1296. 

1987, 1988. 

2029, 2030. 

VoL IV., pages 2031, 2032. 



Plates. 



Vol. VII. Pterodirya cauc&fflca, to be substituted for Jikglansyraxinifoh'a. 

Certain superfluous Plates given with some copies, and which are to be 
cancelled, are enumerated at the end of the Supplement, Vol. IV. p. 2608. 



ARSAMGKMENT OJ CONTENTS AND INDEXES. 



XI 



ARRANGEMENT OF THE CONTENTS. 



Explanatory References .... Page xu 

List of Contributors ..... ^v 

Eprtome of Contents - - . . . [xxiii] 

Contents in foil ..... •^iii 

Lk of Portndts of Trees fonning the Plates in the last Four 

Volumea ..... Q^y 

list of Portraits of Trees given along with the Text in the first 

Four Volumes ..... dxii 

list of Landscapes given along with the Text, showing the Effect 

of particular Species of Trees in Landscape Scenery - clxiv 

list of Engravings of Botanical Specimens given along with the 

Text ...... clxv 

list of Engravings of Fungi, Lichens, &c^ given along with the 

Text ...... clxxxi 

List of Ei^ravings of Lisects given along with the Text - clxxxii 

List of Engravings of Diagrams and miscellaneous Subjects given 

along with the Text .... clxxxiii 

List of Authorities for scientific Names ... clxxxiv 
List of Books quoted or referred to • cxc 

Immediately after the Htlepage of each Volume (except 

VoL L\ a Table of the Contents is given, first systemati- 

caUy arranged, and next alphabetically. 
A Table of the Contents of Vol. L will be found from 

p. ccxxvii. to p. ccxxx. 



ARRANGEMENT OF THE ALPHABETICAL 

INDEXES. 



Alphabetical Index of Genera is given at the end of Vol. IV. p. 2655. 
Alphabetical Index of miscellaneous Subjects, at the end of Vol. IV. p. 2667. 
Alphabetical Index of Persons and Places, at the end of Vol. IV. p. 2672. 
Alphabetical Index of the Portraits of Trees ^ven in the last Four Volumevv 
•t the end of Vol. VIIL 



XU EXPLANATORY REFERENCES. 



EXPLANATORY REFERENCES. 



Thk greater part of the letterpress of this Work consists of the descrip- 
tion, history, geography, uses, propagation, culture, &c,, of the species and 
varieties of the trees and shrubs cultivated in the British Islands ; and this is 
always printed in type correspondir^ in size with that used in this sentence. 

The short descriptive notices of species and varieties which it would be 
desirable to introduce, of such as have been introduced and lost, of such as 
have not been seen by the author, even though mentioned in British catalogues, 
and of such as are half-hardy in the climate of London, or supposed to be so, 
are uniformly printed in a smaller type. 

The statistics, or accounts of the dimensions of trees, which we have 
received from difierent parts of the British Islands or the Continent, are also in 
small type, in order to save room. 

The portraits of trees which form the last four volumes are sometimes, 
referred to as in the second volume, and sometimes as in the last volume. 
These references were made under the idea of binding up all the letterpress 
in one volume, and all the plates in another, which, now that the Work is 
finished, is found to be impracticable. The readiest way of finding the portrait 
of any particular species of tree is, to refer to the Alphabetical Index of 
Portraits of Trees, ^ven at the end of the eighth volume. The readiest way 
of finding the descnpdon and history of any particular species or variety, and 
of ascertaining whether or not a figure is given of it, is by referring to the 
general Alphabetical Index, at the end of the fourth volume. 

In various parts of the Work reference will be found to Part IV., and to 
the Encyclopaedia of Arboriculture, These two references refer to one and 
the same work, viz. the Encyclopcedia of Arboriculture ^ which it was originally 
intended to include in the Arboretum Jiritannicum, but which, for the reasons 
stated in the Preface, will now be published separately in one volume; and 
in which the subject of trees and their culture will be generalised, and their 
mode of treatment given en nuute, whether as seedlings in the nursery, as 
useful and ornamental plantations, as yielding timber and other useful pro- 
ducts, or as ornaments in the lawn and shrubbery. 

The euCTavings of the botanical specimens, whether printed along with the 
text, or along with the portraits ot the trees in the four last volumes, are 
invariably to one and the same scale of 2 in. to 1 ft. Where any portion of 
the plant is given of the natural size, it is distinguished by a cross, thus, -f • 
Where dissections are given, m. signifies male,/, female, and mag, magnified. 

The portraits of the entire trees and shrubs given along with the text are 
to difierent scales, which are always indicated m the descriptions : they are 
chiefly 1 in. to 12 (t., I in. to 24 h,, and 1 in. to 50 ft. 

The portraits of the trees in the last four volumes are nearly all from in- 
dividuals that were growing within ten miles of London, in the years 1834, 
1835, 1836, or 1837. These portraits are chiefly of ^oung trees, often or 
twelve years* growth, and are drawn to a scale of 1 m. to 4 ft.: but there 
are also portraits of full-grown trees, of all the principal kinds of which 
full-grown specimens are to be found within ten miles of London (taken 
ehiCTy from Syon), and these are drawn to a scale of 1 in. to 12 ft. 

Of some species of trees good full-crown examples could not be found 
within ten mues of London ; and of these portraits have been taken from 
trees growing in difierent parts of Orbit Britain (particularly from 8tudley 
Park and Dropmore) and Ireland, and, in one or two instances, from trees on 
the Continent. 

The botanical specimens of the young trees exhibit a branch in flower, the 
winter's wood when the tree is decicmous, and a branch with ripe firuit, and with 



EXPLANATORY REFERENCES. 



Xlll 



the lutmiiiiBl leares; besides cUssecdons of the flowers and fruit. These were 
all drawn, on purpose for this Work, and, with a few exceptions, by J. D. C. 
Soverbjy Esq., F.L.S., &c See this subject further;explained in p. 223. 

The specimens of foliage placed at the bottom of the plates of the full- 
grown trees may be called *' ardst's foliage/' rather than " botanical speci- 
mens." They are, for the most part, drawn by the artist who took the 
portrait of the tree (generally no botanist, and who only knew the artistical 
diiefences in the aspect of trees), in order to get a more correct idea of what 
is called the " touch." 

The portraits of all the trees, both young and full grown, were taken chiefly 
dnriog the months of August, September, and October ; but a number were 
ako taken during the winter season, in order to show the skeleton tree 
without its foliage ; several species being as readily known, eyen to a genera) 
observer, whoi they are naked, as when thej are clothed with leaves. 

All the engravings of trees and shrubs given in this Work, whether along 
wish the text, or in the last four volumes, have been drawn from nature, on 
purpose for it, by competent artists, whose names, as well as the names of the 
pbcesy where the trees are now growing, or grew when their portraits were taken, 
tn given in the List of Trees in the Table of Contents, p. ctiv. ; and the greater 
number of the original drawings may still be seen in the possession of the 
SBtbor. 

In the descriptive part of this Work, under the titles of the chapters, and 
MBBetimes under those of the sections, are given signs, intended to show at 
a ^uce the general habit of the trees or shrubs described in that chapter or 
Mction. These signs represent large, small, and middle-sized plants, and are 
•■ follows ; the first sim in each row indicating a deciduous tree or shrub, the 
nest an evergreen, and so on alternately : — 



1. Round-headed trees; such as the 
oak, ash, elm, beech, &c. 




EQiiE 





2. & 3. Spiry-topped trees ; such as 
the spruce fir, larch, pine, deciduous 
cypress, &c. 



Efflfflffliffl*- 



Fastigiate trees ; such as the Lom- 
bardy poplar, cypress, &c. 




gggj^-iSXSX' 



such as the weep - 
weeping elm, &c. 



uncaay 
□□□□□□'• 



6. Shrubs. 



Under-shnibs 



i 




1^8. Twining shrubs; such as the 



honeysuckle, menispermum, ans- 
tolochia,&c. 



XIV KXPLANATORY REFERENCES. 



QHBEffllX 

L^ l<w| Lsffi li^l \am Eexi » many sp 

The 81^8 put before each individual 8pecie8 and yariety which i8 de8cribed 
a8 endunne the open air in the ctimate of London, and in cultivation in 
Briti8h garden8, are the same as those used in the Gardener^t Magazine, and in 
the Hortus BritannicuSf viz. : — 



9. Climbing shrubs ; such as the cle- 
matis, ampdopsis, vine, &c. 

10. Trailing shrubs, the branches of 
which lie prostrate on the ground, 
but do not root into it ; such as 
many species of willow, CYstu8,&c. 

shrubs, or such as send 
rom their creeping roots; 
species of Spins\ &c 



S Dedduous tree. 

t Evergreen tree. 

A Deciduous shrub. 

tt Everereen shrub. 

M Deciduous under-shrub. 

«- Everereen under-shrub. 

Jt Deciauous twiner. 



I. Eversreen twiner. 
1 Deciauous climber. 
t. Evergreen climber. 
'^ Deciauous trailer. 
** Evergreen trailer. 
a Deciauous creeper. 
&r Evergreen creeper. 



The sign -J (pfLJ,mdient\ng a greater degree of tenderness), added to any 
of the above signs in the Table of CSontents^ indicates that the tree or shrub, in 
the climate of London, requires protection during winter, but is considered 
likely to live against a conservative wall. Throughout the Work, wherever 
the dimensions of any tree or shrub are given, and tne year when these dimen- 
sions were taken is not stated, the autumn of the year 1834, when the Work 
was commenced, is to be understood. 

All the botanic names throughout the Work are accented, and have their 
origin indicated, as in the Hortut Bptanrnctu and the Gardener*t Magazine. 
The vowels which are sounded short are marked with an acute accent, thus 
(^, as A'ceras ; and those which are sounded lon^ are marked with a grave 
accent, thus (^), as A'brus. The origin of each name is indicated thus : where the 
name has been applied to a plant by the ancients, the first letter is in Italic, 
as Ptnus ; where it is commemorative of some individual, the letters ad- 
ditional to the name are in Italic, as Bdnksia, Lambertiana, Dougl^*; 
and where an aboriginal name has been adopted, or where the name is of 
uncertain derivation, the whole word is in Italic as, AUdnttu, Caragdna, &c. 
When the name would otherwise be in Italic, as in the case of synonymes, 
heading to paragraphs, &c., these distinctions are of course reversed, as Pinut, 
BdnknsL^ Ail&ntus. All the other scientific names, generic or specific, are com- 
posed fi*om the Greek or Latin, with the exception of a very few, which are 
taken from places : as Arandbr]a,firom the country of the Araucanians ; Quercus 
gramdntia, from the estate of Chvnmont ; A\:er monspeli^nsis, &c. Further 
details respecting the particulars entered into in classing, describing, and 
recording the trees and shrubs included in this Work, will be found in the 
Introduction, p. 1. to p. H., and in Part II. Chap. IV. p. 222. to p. 230., 
which we recommend the reader to peruse with attention. 

In the course of the Work, a few exceptions will be found to what is stated 
in these ! explanatory paees as general ; but they are so very few as to be 
hardly worth notice; and the reasons for them will either be found given 
where they occur, or they are considered to be sufficiently obvious. 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



XV 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Iff 1834, before the Arboretum was commenced, about three thousand 
printed liiBts of trees and shrubs, agreeable to the form shown in Appendix 
No. I^ were put in drculatioa; and answers to these, or other information 
relating to trees and shrubs for diis Arboretum^ were received from the foUow- 
iig persons: — 

Baker, W.R.,F.H.S. 

Balfour, W., C.M.H.8. 

Bankes, W. J., M.P. 

Barnes, Thomas. 

Bamet, James. 

Barron, W. 

Batcman, J., F.L.8., IL8., &c. 

Bateson, Sir Robert, M.P. 

Bath, Marquess of. 

Bauer, Francis, F.R.S., L.8. 

Baumann, N., BoUwvller. 

Baxter, W., A.L.S.,*F.R8., &c. 

Baxter, W. H. 

Beaton, D. 

Bedford, John Duke of, F.L.8., A. 

8., xl«8., &c. 
Belfield, F., jun. 
Bell,R. 

Bella, M., Grignon, near Versailles. 
Bennett, 8., C.M.H.S. 
Bentinck, Lieut.-Col. H. 
Bentley, A. C. 
Bentley, M. C. 

Berkeley, Rev. M. J., M. A., F.L.8. 
Bethel!, R., M.P., F.H.8., &c. 
Biggs, Arthur, F.L.8., F.H.S., &c. 
Bingham, M. C. 
Bishop, Thomas, C.M.H.S., C.H.S., 

&c. 
Black; Dr. 
Black, James. 
BUckadder, W. 
Blaikie, T., C.M.C.H.8. 
Blair, 8ir D. H. 
Blore, 6. 
Bolton, Lady. 
Bond, John, F.H.S., &c. 
Booth, John, A.L.S., C.M.H.S., Slc, 
Borrer, W,, F.R.8., L.8., H.8. 
Bosch, J. W., C.M.H.8., 8tuttgardt. 
Bossin, M. 
Boulton, M. 
Bourgeois, M., Paris. 
Bourne, Frederick, F.H.S., &c. 



A. 



Aberdeen, George Earl of, F.R.8., 

L.8., Ii.S., occ. 
Ackland, Sir T. D., Bart., M.P., F. 

H.8., &c. 
Agardh, D.C. A., Bishop of Carlstadt, 

F.L.8., &c 
Agardh, jun., Professor of Botany, 

Lund. 
Advniby, H. A., BIP., F.H.8., &c. 
^kxxky H. 

Aikm, A., M.D., F.G.8.,&c. 
Ailsa, A. Marquess of, F.R.S., H. 

8., SCCm 

Airlie and Lintrathen, D. O. Earl of. 
Alton,- W. T., F.L.S., H.8., &c. 
Albett, Jodi. 
Alexander, J. 
Alsop, J. 

Amhmt, W. P. A. Earl, P.C. 
Anderson, A. 
Anderson, G., F.H.S. 
Anderson, J., F.H.8., &c. 
Anderson, W., F.LJ9., H.8. 
Andrews, M., F.H.S., &c. 
Argyll, G. W. Duke of. 
Arundel, H. B. Lord. 
Ashbury, W. 
Ashby, W. Ashby. 
Atkins, J. 
Atty, Geo. 

Andibert, M. Urban, C.M.H.8., To- 
nelle, near Tarascon. 



B. 

Babtngton, C. C, M.A., F.L.S., &c. 

Ba^houae, J., C.M.H.8., Sydney. 

Backhouse, Thos., C.M.H.8. 

Bsgnold, Captain. 

BJot, W.Lord, F.L.S., H.S.,&c. 

bSw de Merlieux, M. 

Baker, A. J. Creswell, F.H.8. 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Boume, W. Stui-«M, M.P., M.A, F. 
R.S., Z.S., H.S., Ac. 

BoweM.J„F.H.S. 

Bowei, J., P.H.S., &c. 

Bowman, J. E., F.L.S. 

Braithwaite, Edmund. 

Bniybrote, R. G. Lord. 

Breatlalbanc, J. C. Mirqueas rf. 

Brae, Rev. W. T, A.M., C.M.H.8., 
&c. 

Breese, J., C.H.H.8. 

Brennan, D., C.M.H.8. 

Britlon, J., F.AjS., &c. 

Bromfield, W. A., M,D.. F.L.8.,&c. 

Bromley, William, F.L.8., H.8., &c. 

BrookB.M^orJ. T. 

Brown, George, 

Brown, John. F.H.S. 

Brown, M., C.M.H.8. 

Brown, Richard. 

Browne, Hay. 

Browne, Henrj Auguitua. 

Bruce, James. 

Bnieo, J. H. 

Buecleugh, W. F. Duke of, K.G„ 
F.R.S.. L.S.,&c. 

Buchon, Daniel. 

Budian, W., F.H.8. 

Buchanan, W., F.L.8., H.S., &c. 

Buchanan, W. J. 

BueL Jesse, C.M.H.8., Albany, 
"United Stales. 

BuUock, J. 

Bunbury, Lieut.-Oen. 8ir H. E., 
BBrt.,F.L.S., H.S.,&c. 

BurdielI.W.J..F.L. !*.,&«. 

Bufdin, F., C.M.H.8., Turin. 

Burgess, W. 

Burfington, W. Earl of. F.H.8., &c. 

BuMdi, J., C.M.H.8., 8t. Peters- 
burg. 

Buafanan, J., F.L.8., &c. 

Butcher, Robert. 

Byers, R. W., F.L.8., ate. 

C. 
Cady.P. 

Call, M. M., C.H.H.S., St. Peters- 
burg. 
Caltborpe, O. F. Lord, F.Z.S., H.8., 

&C. 

Cameron, D., A.L.S. 

Campbell, Lord A. 

Campbell, Lord John. 

Campbell, Alexander, A.L.S. 

Canq>bell, 3. D. 

Ganterbtiry, W. Lord Archlnshop of. 

D.D., F.R.S., H.8., &c. 
Carberry, J. £■ Lord, F.H.S.,&c. 



Cardigan, Ear) of. 

Carcw. Ladv II. 

Carrairvon, 11. J. O. H. Earl of. 

Carrick, Counteus of. 

Carroll, Edward. 

Carter, J. 

Cue. P. J. 

Castle, G. 

Castles, Robert. 

Cathie, fi'ichol. 

Cato, John. 

Cawdor, J. F. Earl of. F.R.S., H.8., 

&c. 
Chalmers, W., C.M.H.8. 
Chandler, R., F.H.S. 
Chaiiman. R., C.M,a.8. 
Charlwood. (.i., F.L.S., H.S, Ac. 
Charnock, Rev. J. 
Cholmondeley, K. C- Marquesa of. 
Chrbtie, W., jun., F.L.S., &c. 
Christy, W. F. 

Churchill, Lord C. S.. F.L.8.,&c. 
Clanwilliam, R. M. Earl of. 
Clarfee, Fingal. 
Clarke, John. 
Clarke, N. 
Clarke, Thomas. 
Clarke, William. 

CtBUS,C. 

Clive, E. ViK»unt, H.P., F.H.S. 

CUve, Hon. H. P., F.HS., &£. 

Cockbum. J., F.H.S. 

Coghliui. A. 

Colchester, C. Lord, F.H.8. 

CoUier, J., M.P. 

CoUina, Peter. 

CoUinson.John. 

Combermere, 8. S. C. Viscount, P. 

C, &c 
Cook, Captain, 8. E. 
Cooper. /, F.H.8. 
Cooper, W. 

Coptlnnd, W T., M.P., F.H.8., &c. 
Comwalli5,J. M. Earl of. 
Corson, T. 
Coveiilry, Earl of. 
Cowan, Peter. 
Co wens, John. 
Craggs, W. 
Craven, Hon. Keppol. 
Cree, John. F.H.S. 
Cricbton, Daniel. 
Cullis, John, F.H.S. 
Cullum, Rev. Sir T. G.,Bart., AJI., 

F.H.S. 
Cuming, G. 
Cummins, W, C. 



Currer.I 



I, AUsn.F.L.S.,acc. 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



[xvii] 



Curtis, S., F.L.S. 

CarzoD, Hon. and Rev. Frederick, 
F.ELS., &c, 

D. 

Ddbousie, G. R. Earl of. 

Ddl, James. 

Damer, Hon. 

Damiey, Earl of. 

Diftmouth, W. Earl of, F.R.S., H. 
8., &c. 

Dtabeny, Professor, M.D., F.R.8., 
H. S., &c. 

DtiTidson, John. 

Ikns, T., F.H.S. 

Diwson, T. 

Deadj, M. 

De CandoUe, Professor Alphonse. 

De Candolle, A. P., F.R.S., L.S., 
H.S., &c. 

Dees, Williani. 

De Lamarre, M. 

De Lan90D, M. Durand, Coutance, 
Normandy. 

Dc la Warr, G. J. Earl of,F.H.S.,&c. 

De risle, P. C. Lord, F.H.S., &c. 

Ddile, M., C.M.H.S., Montpelier. 

DoilHgh, W. B. P. F. Earl of. 

Deniaon, J., A.L.S. 

Derum, M. 

Bescemet, M. 

Dedongchamps, M. Loiseleur, Paris. 

Jk Vere, Sir Aubrey. 

De? on, W. Earl of. 

Dewnishire, W. S. C. Duke of, K. 
C F.H.8., &c. 

Be Wael, Emilius, Antwerp. 

Kwk, A., C.M.H.S. 

Dickson, Archd., M.C.H.S. 

Dickson, F., C.M.H.S. 

I^ckson, Robert., M.D., F.L.8.,&c. 

Dickson and TiirnbuU, Messrs. 

DiUwyn, L. W., M.P., F.R.S., L.8. 

Dinorben, W. L. Lord, F.H.S., &c. 

Divett, Edward, M.P. 

Dobson/— 

Dolphin, Marianne. 

Don, Professor. 

Don, G., F.L.8., &c. 

Don, J. E. 8. 

Donald, Robert, F.H.S., &c. 

Donaldson, J. 

Dovaston, J. F. M. 

Downshire, A. B. 8. T. H. Mar- 
quess of. 

Drummond, Dr. 

Dnunroond, H. Home. 

Drummond, Messrs. 

Dramiiiond, J., C.B1H.8. 



u 



Dublin, J. Archbishop of. 

Dubreuil, M., C.M.U.8., Rouen. 

Ducie, T. R. Lord, F.R,8.,H.8.,&c. 

Duffie, Thomas. 

Duffies, Alexander. 

Duncan, George. 

Duncan, J. 

Duncannon, J. W. Viscount, F.H.8. 

Dunmore, G. Earl of. 

Dymock, W. G. 

Dymoke, Hon. Champion H. 

E. 

Eaton, James 

Ebbotton, D. 

Ebrington, Lord, M.P. 

Edmunds, C. 

Elford, Sir William, F.R.S., L.S. 

Elliott, G. M. 

Elwortby, J. 

Emslie, F. 

Esdaile, E. J. 

Essex, G. C. Earl of. 

Euston, Earl. 

Evans, 

Ewing, John, M.P. 
Exmouth, Viscountess. 

F. 

Faldermann, C, C.M.H.S., St. Pe- 
tersburg. 

Farrmandy, A. 

Fennell, J. F. 

Fennessey, W. 

Ferguson, Robert, M.P., F.H.8., &c. 

Ferrard, T. H. Lord Viscount, F.H. 
8., &c. 

Fintelmann, M., Potsdam. 

Fischer, Professor, Moscow. 

Fischer, C. A., C.M.H.S. 

Fischer, F. E. L., M.D., F.H.S., &c. 
St. Petersburg. 

FitzwilUam, C. W. Earl, F.H.8. 

Fleming, Captain, R.N. 

Floud, J. 

Floyer, M. 

Folkes, Sir W. Browne, M.P. 

Forbes, James, A.L.S., &c. 

Forbes, Hon. 8. R., Dresden. 

Forbes, W., M.P. 

Ford, Daniel. 

Forester, M. 

Forrest, James. 

Forrest, Richard, F.L.S., H.S. 

Forrest, Thomas, C.M.H.S. 

Forster, E., F.L.S &c. 

Fox, H. 

Fox, J. 

] 



Fox, Samuel. 

Froser, John, P.H.S. 
Frederick. Sir REchard, F.H.8. 
Freeling, Sir Francis. 
Frost, Philip. 

Osmbatl, J. 
Gardiner, Sir R. 
Gardiner, Robert. 
Gnrrawav, J. 
Garriti, Juraea. 
Gathell, William. 
Oendall. J. 
Gentz, C. 
George, W. 
Oibbs, Lady. 
ffibb8.T.,F.H.S.,&c. 
Gibaon. T. 
Gilpin, llenrv. 

Glazcbrook, T. K., F.L,8., Ste. 
Gleadinning, R. 
Goldie, John. 

GoldsmiJ, J. L., F.L.S., &c. 
Gotten, J. Howard- 
Gordon, G. 
Gordon. W. 

Oorrie. Archibald, F.H.8., C.S., &c. 
Oosier.L'Abb^. 
Gobtliitg. J. 
«o*Bn. J. R., F.H.a. 
Gower, Peter. 
Gower, Hon. Williani Leveaoii, F. 

H.S., &c. 
Grafton, O. H. Duke of, F.H. 8., &c. 
Graham, Robert, M.D., F.R.S., L.8. 
Grainger, J. 
Grant, Col. 

Grant, T. M8q>heraon. 
Grav, T„ C.M.H.8., Bopeha, St. 

Petersburg. 
Green, 8. 

GreeUBhields, W., F.H.8. 
Gregory, Richard. 
Grey o!' Groby, G. H. O. Lord. 
Grier,on. Willinm. 
Origor, J. 

Groom, H., F.H.S., &c. 
Guest, T., M.P. 
GuildTord. Earl of, F.H.S. 
Guthrie, Char lea. 



Haitea, N. 
Halkett, C. 0. 
Hamilton, Dr. 
Hammond, W. 
Harbeson Jamea 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Harding, 3. D. 

Hare,J.,juD. 

Hare, W. 

Harcwoo<l,H. Eari of, F.H.8.,&c. 

Harkness, H. 

Harringtim, Earl of. 

Uarris, John. 

Harriaon, J., F.L.8., H.8., &c. 

Harrison, William,F.R.S.,L.S.,H.S. 

Harlland, Lord. 

Harvev, John. 

Haseley, 8. 

Healewood, William. 

Hathwaite, F. 

Haythom, J., C.M.H.S. 

Haythorn, Z. 

Headly, J. 

Healy, F. 

Hebbert, C. 

Henderson, A., M.D., F.H.S^fcc, 

Henderson, James. 

Htnderson, T. 

Henslow, Professor. J. 8., M.A., Sec. 

Herberl, Hon. nnJ Rev. W„ F.H.S. 

Hereford, H. F. D. Lord ViscouDt, 

C.P. 
Heron, Captain Basil, R. 
Herv^, M. 
Higgina, Joshua. 
HillT Captain. 

Hill, Lord, G.L.B., F.H.8., Ac. 
Hislop, J., C.M.H.8., 
Hoare. Sir A. C. F.L.8., &c. 
Hodgins, Edward. C.H.H.S. 
Hodgson, Kev, G. 
Ilodgaon, Rev. John. 
Hodgson. N.. C.M.H.S. 
Holtord, R. S., F.L.8.. H.8., *c. 
Holland. H. R. V. Lord, P.C., &e. 
Holt, W. 
Honner, R., C.M.H.S., Hobart 

Town, Van Diemen's Land. 
Hood, C. H. Lord Viscount. 
HoogToratB, Baron. 
Hooker, H. 

Hooter, Sir W. J., F.L.8., H.8., &c 
Hope, H. J., M.P. 
Hope, Professor,T.C.,F.R.S. 
Honjiood, TlioniQS. 
Hosiick, D.,M.D..F.H.S. 
Hdsie, R., CM.n.S. 
Howard, Robert, 
Howden, John. 
Howden, Gen., Lord. 
Hughes, Robert. 

Hume, Sir Abraham, Bart., F.H.S 
Hunneman, J., A.L.8. 
Hunt, T. K. 
Hunt T. L. 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Cx«] 



Hutcbinson, WilUam 
Hattoo, R., F.H.S., &c. 



Irdand, R. 
Irrine, Robert. 
Imng,T. 



J. 



Jackson, Thomas. 

Jacauin, Baron, J. F., F.H.S., &c., 

Vienna 
James, J. 
Jardine, Sir William Bart., F.R.8.E., 

L.S., &c. 
Jennings, John. 
Johnson, J. 

Johnston, Sir AlezaDder, F.R.S. 
Johnston, R. 

Johnstone, Edmund, F.H.8. 
Johnstone, Henry, M.P. 
Jones, B. 
Jodd, D., F.H.S. 
Jukes, IL W. 

K. 

Karwinsky, Baron. 
KeUy, Rey. Walter. 

XtT W 

Kin^, W. Lord, F.H.S., Ac. 

Klotiweitz, Hans. 

Knight, T. A., F.R.8., L,S., P.H.S. 

Kn^t, J., F.H.S., &c. 

Knipe, J. B. 

Knowles, 6. B., F.L.S., &c. 

Kops, Professor, Utrecht. 

L. 

Labouchere, P. C^ F.H.S., 8cc. 

La Croix, L. L., Paris. 

La Gasca, Professor, F.L.S., &c., 

Bladrid. 
Laidiaw, W., C.M.H.S. 
LuneU, J. 
Lamb, John. 

Lamb, Sir Charles M., F.H.S., &c. 
Lambert, A. B., F.R.8., V.P.L.8., 
Langelier, P., C.MJI.S., Jersey. 
Lanadowne, Henry Marquess of, 

F.R.S., L.S., n.S., &c. 
Latham, R., F.L.S., H.S., &c. 
Lauder, Sir Thomas Dick, Bart. 
Law, J. 

Lawrence, Charles, F.H.S., &c. 
LswioD, Charles. 



Lawson, John. 

Lawson, P. and Son. 

Le Blanc, Thomas. 

Le Candele, J., Humbeque Nursery, 

near Antwerp. 
Lees, £., F.L.S., &c. 
Leraon, Sir C, Bart., M.P., F.H.S. 
Lenn^ M., Potsdam. 
Le Roy, M. Angers, 
Lewin, F. E. 
Lewis, G. R. 
Lich6eld and Coventry, Hon. H. 

Rvder, Bishop of. 
Lindsay, T. M« 
Lines, J. 

Llewelyn, J. D., F.H.S., Sec, 
Loch, J., M.P., F.G.S., &c. 
Loddiges, Conrad, and Sons. 
London, C. J. Bishop of, D.D., &c. 
Long, H. L. 

Longman, T. N., F.H.S., &c. 
Lorimer, Robt. 

I^thian, J. W. R. Kerr Marquess of. 
Loudon, James, Warsaw. 
Loudon, James, Ham House. 
Low, H., F.H.S. 
Lowndes, H. 
Lowndes, Richard. 
Lucombe and Pince, Messrs. 
Luke, Richard. 
Lye, W. L. 
Lyell, Charles, jun., F.R.S., L.S., 

G.S., &c. 
Lyon, Geo. 
Lyttleton, W. H. Lord. 

M. 

M* Arthur, P., F.H.S. 

Mackay, F. 

Mackay, J. T., A.L.S., M>R.LA., &c. 

Mackey, Constantino. 

Mackenzie, Sir Jas. Stuart, Bart., 

M.P., F.H.8., &c. 
Mackenzie, P., Philadelphia. 
Mackie, J. 

MacLeav, A., F.R.S., L.S., &c. 
M'Nab, J., Edinburgh. 
M'Nab, T., C.M.H.S., Dollar. 
M'Nab, W., A.L.S., Edinburgh. 
Maddison, J., Ghent. 
Main, James, A.L.S., &c. 
Major, J. 

Malcolm, William, F.L.S., H.S., &c. 
Mallet, R., A.M., &c. 
Malpas, B. 

Manetti, Giuseppe, C.M.H.S., Monza. 
Mangles, Capt. F. 
Mangles, R., F.H.8. 



[XX] 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS, 



Manners, Mrs. L. 

Marnock J. 

Mamock, R. 

Marrvatt, Mrs., F.H.S. 

Marsham, R. 

Martin, John. 

Martin, M. J. 

Martius, Dr., Munich. 

Mason, Rev. J. H. 

Masters, W., F.H.S. 

Mathews, Maria Ruthven. 

Mathies, J. 

Matthews, A., A.L.S., Lima. 

Maiind, B., F.L.S., &c. 

Maunder, W. 

Maxwell, J.. M.P., F.R.8., H.8.,&c. 

Maxwell, Lady Heron. 

May, E. 

May, G. 

M'Donald, J., C.M.H.8. 

M*Duff, J. 

M'Diarmaid, William. 

Meara, J. 

Mearns, J., F.A.S. 

Mease, Dr., Philadelphia. 

Melbourne, Lord Viscount, P.C., &c. 

Melville, Lord Viscount, K.T., P.C, 
&c. 

Menteath, James Stuart. 

Menzies, A., F.L.S., &c. 

Metzger, M., C.M.H.S., Heidelberg. 

Michaux, Andr^, Paris. 

Middlemiss, R. 

Miller, J., A-L.S., F.H.S. 

Mills, J., F.H.S. 

Mills, Philip John, M.P. 

Mills, Rev. Thomas. 

M' In tosh, Alexander. 

M'Intosh, C, F.H.S. 

M'Intyre, James. 

Milne, T., F.H.S., A.L.S., &c. 

Mirbel, Professor, F.L.S.,&c., Paris. 

Mitchenson, J. 

Mitford, Rev. J. 

M'Launachan, A. 

M'Leish, George. 

M'Leod, Donald 

M'Murtrie, W., F.H.8. 

Moflfat, J. 

Moffat, Thomas. 

Monck, Sir C, F.H.S., &c. 

Monckton,Lieut.-General H., F.H.S. 

Montagu, Lord. 

Moray, Earl of, K.T., &c. 

Morgan, Octavius. 

Morley, Earl of, F.R.S., &c, 

Mosley. Sir O., Bart., F.H.S. 

Moss, E. 

Moss, William. 



Mount Cashell, Earl of. 
Mountnorris, G., Earl of, F.R.S., 

H.S., &c. 
M'Pherson, A. 

Muirhead, Alexander, C.M.H.S. 
Munchausen, Baron, Hanover. 
Munro, James. 
Murdoch, A., C.M.H.S. 
Mure, William. 
Murphy, Edward. 
Murray, Mungo. 
Murray, Stewart, F.H.S., &c. 
Murray, W., F.H.S, 

N. 

Napier, Major-General, Charles Jas. 

Nash, C. 

Nasmyth, Sir J., Bart. 

Neill, Dr. P., F.L,S.,&c. 

Nerrieres, M., Nantes. 

Nesfield, W. A. 

Nevill, Rev. W. H. 

Newberry, F. 

Newburgh, Earl of. 

Newell, J. 

Nickson, J. 

Nicol, W. 

Niven N., C.M.H.S. 

Normann, Baron. 

Northampton, Marquess o^ F.H.S. 

Northumberland, Hugh Duke of, 

K.G., F.R.S., L.S., Sec, 
Nott, W. 



O. 

Ogle, H. C. 

Oldaker. J.. F.H.S. 

Oliver, J , C.M.H.S. 

Osbom, R., F.H.S. 

Osborn, William. 

Otto, F., C.M.H,S., Berlin. 

P. 

Page, W. B., C.M.H.S. 

Pamplin, W., jun., A.L.S. 

Pappenheim, M. le Baron, Paris. 

Parks, J., F.H.S. 

Parker, T. W. 

Parkins, Thomas. 

Paterson, W. 

Patterson, M. 

Paxton, Josh., F.L.S*, H.S., &c. 

Pearson, B. 

Pearson, J. 

Pease, J., M.P. 

Penny, G., A.L.S. 



UST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



[xxi] 



Perkins, H. 

Petersen, J. P. 

Phipps, Hon. and Rev. Augustus, J. 

PinccR. T. 

Plumtre, J. P., M.P, 

Piointree, Rev. H. 

Pblhill, O. 

Poore, Sir Cdward, Bart. 

Pope, J., aiid Sons. 

Porter, G. 

Portland, Duke of. 

Pound, M. 

Powis, Edward Earl of, F.H.S. 

Poyntz, W. S., M.P., F.H.S., &c. 

Pratt, Henrj'. 

Prescot, A. 

Press, Thomas. 

Pj^ston, C. 

Prevot, fils. 

Priest, Mvles. 

Price. Sir'Robert, Bart., M.P., F.H.S. 

Pringle, A., M.P. 



R. 



Radcliffe, Anna. 

Radnor, Earl of, FJi.S. 

Bamsej, H. 

Kaach, Charles. 

Baoch, Francis. 

Baaeh, Stephen. 

Aceres, J., F.R.S., H.S-, &c. 

Rod, J., C.M.H.S. 

Retnwardt, Professor C. G. C, 

F.L.S., Leyden. 
Rhodes, Rev. J. A. 
Richardson, A. 
Richardson, R. H. 
Richardson, W. 
Richmond, Duke of. 
Riddel!, George. 
Ri^ler, M. 

Ripon, F. J., Earl of, F.R.S., H.S. 
Rivers, T.,jun. 
Robert, M. 
Roberts, Job. 
Roberts, T. 
Robertson, F. 
Robertson, John, F.H.S. 
Robins, G. 
Rock, D. 

Roden, Earl of, KJ»., P.C, &c. 
Rodney, Hon. W. 
Rodney, Lord. 
Rogers, J., C.M.H.S. 
Rogers, Rev. J., F.H.S. 
RoUe, J. Lord, F.H.8., &c. 
RotfiMD, G., F.H.S. 



u 



Ronalds, J., F.H.S. 

Ross, J.. C.M.H.S. 

Roy, J., Aberdeen. 

Royle, J. F., M.D., F.R,S., L.S., &c. 

Rutser, T. 

Rutland, Duke of, H.C., &c. 

8. 

Salisbury, Marquess of, F.H.S., &c. 

Salmon, Rev. T. W. 

Sanders, G. 

Sanderson, Robert. 

Sang, E., M.C.H.S. 

Saunders, B., of Jersey. 

Saunders, R. 

Schneevooght, G. V., C.M.H.S., 

Haarlem. 
Schoch, M. 

Schouw, Professor, Copenhagen. 
Schubert, M., C.M.H.S., Warsaw. 
Sckell, C, C.M.H.S., Munich 
Scott, J. 

Shaftesbury, Countess of. 

Shepherd, H., F. L. S., &c. • 

Shields, George. 

Shirley, W. P. 

Shrewsbury, J. Earl of, F.H.S., &c. 

Shuttle worth, Charles. 

Sidmouth, Lord Viscount, P.C, &c. 

Sjlverlock, G., F.H.S., &c. 

Simmons, T. 

Simpson, Henry. 

Simpson, Joseph. 

Sinclair, James. 

Sinnot, Rev. Dr. 

Skelmersdale, Edward B. Lord, 

F.H.S. 
Skinner, J., C.M.H.S. 
Smallman, John, Architect. 
Smith, Alexander. 
Smith, D. 

Smith, James, F.H.S. 
Smith, John, A.L.S., F.H.S,, &c. 
Smith, R. 

Smith, Rev. Sydney. 
Smith, W.,F.H.S. 
Somerset, Duke of, K.G., F.R.S., 

P.L.S. 
Soulange-Bodin, Le Chevalier E., 

CMlH-S., Fromont. 
Sowerby, J. D. C, F.L.S., &c. 
Sowerby, C. E., A.L.S. 
Sparrow, John. 
Speirs, Alexander, M.P. 
Spence, W.. F.R.S., L.S., &c. 
Spencer, J. 
Spiker, Dr., Berlin. 

3? 



[xxii] 



LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS. 



Spong, Charles, C.M.H.S. 

Spring, C. 

St. Aubyn, Sir John, Bart., F.L.S. 

Stamford, Earl of. 

Stanhope. P. H. Earl, F.R.S., H.S. 

Stanley, E., M.P. 

Stanley, Sir T. S. M., Bart., F.H.S. 

Staunton, Sir George Thomas, Bart., 

r.R.S., L.S., &c. 
Stephens, H. 
Steven, C, C.M.H.S., Nikitka, Cri- 

mea. 
Stewart, A. 

Stewart, D., F.R.S., L.S., &c, 
Stewart, Robert Bruce. 
Stewart, Sir M. Shaw, M.P. 
St. Germains, Earl. 
St. Marie, M. 
Stock, Daniel, A.L.S. 
Stone, George. 
Storey, Rev. -^— 
Stoweli, Lord. 
Strachan, G. 
Strangways, Hon. W. T. H. F., 

F.H.S., &c. 
Street, J., C.M.H.S. 
Strickland, Miss. 
Strom, M. 
Strong, Charles. 
Stuart, W. 

Surrey, C. H. Eari of, M.P., F.H.8., 
Sutherland, G. G., Duke of, F.H.S., 
Sydney, M. J. F. 

T. 

Tait, John. 

Taunton, W. P. 

Taylor, F., C.M.H.S. 

Taylor, S. 

Taylor, Thomas, M.D., F.L.S., &c. 

Taylor, William. 

Templeton, Mrs. 

Thorbum, G., C.M.H.S., New York. 

Thorn, William. 

Tighe, William F. 

Tougard, M. 

Toward, Andrew. 

Trail, Miss, F.H.S. 

Traill, James, A.L.S., Cairo. 

Trevelyan, W. C, F.H.S., &c. 

TurnbuU, A., C.M.H.S. 

Turner, G. and T. 

Turner, H., F.H.S. 

Turner, T. 

Tyler, W. 

Tyso, Rev. J. 



Vandamme, M. 



V. 



Vandergelt, M. 

Vandermaelen, M., F.H.S., Sec, 
Van Eden, A. C, C.M.H.S., Haar- 

lem. 
Van Wael, M., Antwerp. 
Vaughan, Su: R. W., Bart., F.H.S. 
Varden, R. 
Veitch, J., F.H.S. 
Veltheim, Graf, Hanover. 
Vemey, H. 
Vernon, Lord. 
Verularo, Earl of. 

Vilmorin, P. P. A., C.M.H.S., Paris. 
Vulliamy, T. S. 
Vymer, R. 

W. 

WacstafT, E. 

Wakeford, Robert. 

Walker, C. 

Walker, J., F.H.S. 

Walker, T. E. 

Wall, C. B., M.P., F.R.S., H.S., &c. 

Wallace, J. 

Walloch, N., M.D., F.R.S., L.S., &c 

Walsingham, Rev. T. Lord, F.L.S. 

Walsh, Rev. R., L.LJ)., C.M.H.S. 

Walter, J., M.P. 

Wank, Franz, Briick on the Leytha. 

Ward, John, F.H.S., Z.S., &c. 

Ward, Lady. 

Warmcsley, G., M.P. 

Warren De Tably, Lord. 

Waterer, M., F.H.S., &c. 

Watkin, A. 

Watson, H. C, F.L.S., &c. 

Watson, J. 

Watt, James. 

Watts, W. 

Webster, J., F.H.S. 

Webster, William. 

Weddell, H. 

Wells, W., F.H.S., &c. 

Wemyss, Earl of. 

Westminster, Marquess of, P.O. 

Westwood, J. O., F.L.S. 

Whallev, J., F.H.S. 

White, 'J., F.H.S. 

Whittit, G., M.C., H.S. 

Wicklow, Earl of. 

Wilkes, R. S. 

Wilkins, W., C.M.H.S. 

Williams, G. W., M.P. 

Wilmore, Mrs. 

Wilmot, Sir Eardley. 

Wilson, D. 

Wilson, J., CJM.H.S. 

Wilson, John S. 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 



[xxiii] 



Wilson, Ncill. 

Wilson, Sir Griffin. 

Wilson, Sir T. M., F.H.S. 

Winchester, Bishop of, F.H.S., &c. 

Winch, N. J., A.L.S. 

Winchester, Henry, F.H.S., &c. 

Wodzicki, Count Stanislaus, Cracow. 

Wood, O. 

Wood, J. F. F. 

Wood, Neville. 

Woods, H., A.L.8. 

Woolf, M. 

Wooluck, J. 

Wraiffht, W. 

Wright, Henry. 



Wrightson, Mrs. 

Wrottesley, Sir J., Bart., BtP. 

Y. 

Youell, J., A.L.S. 

Young, A. 

Young, Messrs. C. J. and P. 

Young, J., C.M.H.S. 

Young and Penny, Messrs. 

Young. R., F.L.8. 

Young, William, M.D., F.L.8. 



Z. 



Zettersteck, M. 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 



The Boman numeraU refer to the Contents in Aill ; the Arabic figures, to the body of the work. 



VOL. I. 



CoDtcntSa Xczt. 

bnoDUCTioN ... xiiL 1 


Put I. Obography and 




History - - xiii. 


15 


Chap. L 




Among the Nations of Antiquity - xiit 


15 


Chap. 11. 




In the British Islands - - xiiL 


20 


SacT. I. Native Trees and 




Shrubs - - - xiii. 


20 


SccT. IL Foreign Trees and 




Shrubs introduced - - xiii. 


31 


SuscscT. 1. Trees and Shrubs 




introduced by the Ro- 




mans - - - xiiL 


32 


SoxsxcT. 2. Trees and Shrubs 




introduced in the 16th 




Century - - - xiiL 


35 


SoBsxcT. 3. Trees and Shrubs 




introduced in the 17th 




Century - - xiiL 


40 


SoBsxcT. 4. Trees and Shrubs 




introduced in the 18th 




Centtury - - xiiL 


44 


SuBsiCT. 5. Trees and Shrubs 




introduced in the 19th 




Cntiiiy - - xir. 


117 




[A- 



Coatnti. Test. 

Chap. III. 

History and Geography of the 
Trees and Shrubs of the Con- 
tinent of Europe - • xiv. 132 

Sect. I. Trees and Shrubs of 

France ... xiv. 132 

Sect. II. Trees and Shrubs of 
Holland and the Nether- 
lands - - - xiv. 143 

SxcT. I IF. Trees and Shrubs 

of Germany and Hungary - xiv. 145 

Sect. IV. Trees and Shrubs 
of Denmark, Holstein, 
Sweden, Lapland, Finland, 
Iceland, Greenland, and 
the Faroe Islands 

Sect. V. Trees and Shrubs of 
Russia and Poland 



- XV. 153 



- XV. 155 



Sect. VI. Trees and Shrubs 
of Switzerland 



- XV. 161 



Sect. VII. Trees and Shrubs 
of Italy, Greece, Spain, 
Portugal, and the Mediter- 
ranean Islands 



- XV. 164 



Sdbsect. 1. Trees and Shrubs 
of Italy 

SuBsxcT. 2. Trees and Shrubs 
of Spain and Portugal - 



- XV. 168 



XV. 170 



♦] 



[xxiv] 



EPITOME OF TUE CONTENTS. 



ContantB. Ttxt. 

SuBSECT. 3. Trees and Shrubs 
of Turkey and Modem 
Greece - - mv. 171 

Chap. IV. 

Trees and Shrubs of Asia, Afirica, 
America, and Australia, suit- 
able for the Climate of Britain xv. 1 72 

Sect. I. Trees and Shrubs of 

Asia suitable for Britain - xv. 172 

Sect. II. Trees and Shrubs of 

Africa suitable for Britain - xv. 177 

Sect. III. Trees and Shrubs 
of America suitable for 
Britain - - - xv. 173 

SuBsscT. 1. Trees and Shrubs 

of North America - - xv. 178 

SuBsxcT. 2. Trees and Shrubs 

of South America - xv. 185 

Sect. IV. Trees and Shrubs of 

Australia and Polynesia - xv. 185 

Chap. V. 

Literature of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Temperate Climates 



Chap. VI. 



Conclusion 



- XV. 187 



- xvL 190 



- xvi. 192 



- XVI. 198 



Part II. Science of the 
Study of Trees - 

Chap. L 
Study of Trees Pictorially - -xvi. 193 
Sect. I. Study of Forma - - xvL 193 

Sect. II. Study of Expression 
and Character 

Sect. III. Mode of drawing 
Trees from Nature, so as to 
give the Pictorial Expres- 
sion of the Species 

Chap. II. 

Trees and Shrubs considered Bo- 

tanically - . - xvi. 211 

Sect. L Classification - - xvi. 211 

Sect. II. Distinction between 

Species and Varieties - xvL 21 2 

Sect. III. Mode of describing 

Trees and Shrubs - - xvL 212 



- XVI. 202 



Chap. III. 
Uief of Trees and Shrubs - 



- xn. 219 



CoBtantt. Text. 

Sect. I. In Uncultivated Na- 
ture ... xvL 220 

Sect. II. With Reference to 

Man ... xvi. 221 

Chap. IV. 

Summary of the Description and 
Natural and Economical 
History of Trees and Shrubs - xvi, 222 



Part III. Arboretum and 
Fruticetum. 

'RantmculdcecB Dec. 

Clematis L. 
i^tragene L. 

PceoniacesQ Dec, 

Psdonia L. 
Xantborhiza L, - 

JVinterkcesd R. Br. 
Illicium X. - - • 

MoffnoriacesQ Dec* 

Mapn61i(r L. 
Liriodenuron L. 



MicMlte 



DiUenikcess Dec, 

HIbMit<« 

Anonacess Rich. 

Asimina Adans. 

Anndna L. - - 

Orchidocdrpum Mx. 
PoreHUPeri. 

Schizandrdceat Blume. 
Schiz&ndra Mx - 

Bpharotttau £f . • - 

JKU»*niJ. 

Sareoe drp om Bl. 

MenispermdcecB Dec. 
Menisp^rmum L. - 
C6cculu8 Bajth. - 

JVendi4mtU WiOd, 
Andr&pkiUut Wendl. 
BammgdrAaL. Maenck. 

Berberacese Lindl. 

BerbeHdem Vent. 
Serhetit L. - • 

Mahonta Nutt 

OdoiUmon Raf. 
NamAmm 

CruciferdcecB Lindl. 

(3rucifer« JtM» . 

raiaL. - 

ChaMflUnu 
Vvilekria 

/biJf" - 
U/fMimm 



XVll. 

xvii. 

xvii. 
xviii. 

xviii. 

xviii. 
xviii. 

xviii. 
xviii. 

xix. 

xix. 
xix 

xix. 
xix. 

xix. 

xix. 
XX. 
XX. 

XX. 
XX. 
XX. 

XX. 
XX. 

XX. 



XX. 
XX. 
XX. 

XX. 
XX. 
XX. 

XX. 
XX. 

xxi. 

xxl. 
cxIyI. 

xxi. 



XXI. 

xxi. 
xxJ. 
xxl. 

m. 

xxl. 
nl. 



231 

231 

232 
246 

249 

249 
255 

256 
256 

259 

260 

284 

• 891 
S91 

292 

292 
292 

S92 
29S 

295 

295 

t99 
t9S 

296 
296 
297 

S97 

»7 

298 

298 
308 

308 
S&37 

312 
312 

81S 
SIS 
SIS 
SIS 
SIS 
SIS 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS* 



[xxv] 



CapparidacecB Lind. 

£^p«ride« Juu, 

Capparis L. ^ 

CistdcecB Lindl. 

ClstineK Dec. 
dstus Z«. - 

elianthemum Toum, 
Hudsonia L. - 

VolygaldcecB Lindl. 

^ Polygteec JtcM. 

Mf0riB£„ • - - 

PiUospord^ecB Lindl. 

Pittosp5re« B. Br. 

BOardi^M Sm. 

ScBk-ia Dec- • . 4 . 

BuiAr^ Or. . •! .J 

Odraodiera JLmtf. 



Conlsits* Text. 

xxi. 313 



XXI. 

xxi. 

xxi. 
xxii. 
xxv. 

xxvi. 

zsvi. 

xxvi. 

ZZTt. 
ZXtU 
SZTi. 

xxvi. 



CuTopbf llee Juu. 

AtmrniiJi W. 

Juindcea Lindl. 

LUutm Dec. 



iAalvdcecB Juss. 
HMscus L, 



StercultdcecB Vent 
SterculJa L, 

Tiliacece Juss. 
TTEaZr. 



TemstrdmxsLcesR Dec 
Malachod^ndron Cav. 

Stitutia Cav. 
Gonioftta Ellis 

Pr«mkUm\M. Monk. 

Camellja L. - 

TXfli - . . 



AurantiacecB Corr, 



/« 



Dk. 



Hj^Tmc^ae Lindl. 

i^ypericlneK Dec. 



xxvi. 
XX vt. 
xxvi. 
xxti. 

xxvi. 

sxtI. 

xxvi. 

xxvi. 

xxvi. 

xxvL 

xzvL 

xxvi. 
xxvi. 

xxvii. 
xxvii. 

xxviL 

xxvii. 

xxvii. 

xxviii. 
xxviii. 



xxvui. 
xxix. 

xxix. 

xxix. 

xxix. 
xxix. 

xxix. 



313 

316 

317 
328 
354 

355 

S56 

356 

S56 
557 
»9 
Sft9 
359 



CaryophyUdcecB Lindl. xxvi. 359 



S59 
359 
359 
369 

360 

360 

360 

360 

361 

363 
363 

363 
363 

364 
364 

366 

376 
377 

378 
378 

381 
392 

395 

895 
396 

396 



^yp^ricum i. - 

Tr&gium Clui. 

ilndross^mum Choit, 

a^ntenon L'Obel. 

Acerctcece Lindl. 

ilcerineae Dec. 

A\er - - . - 

Negundo Moench 

Negdndium Rt^fin. 
Dobtma Hamllt. 

JEiScidacecB Lindl. 

Outane&ceae Lk. 
Hippocastauec Dec. 

-^sculus L. - 

Hippocoitanutn Toum. 

P^vta Boer. 

SapindacecB Juss. 

Kolreutena Laxm. 

Sapindus L. fll. 
Dodoiur^a L. 

MeliacecB Juss. 

YitacecB, Lindl. 

FitisL. 
Ampel6psis Michx. 

Ctum L. ' 

GeraniacecB Dec. 

P«iarg6niQm L'Hfrit. 

ZygophyllhcetB Lind. 

Zjrgoph^Ileae R. Br. 
MaliintliiM L. 
Zygophyilttin L. 

Kut^ecB Lindl. 

BHUn Juts. 

i^uta Z. - 

AplopbyUam And. Juu. 

XanthoxyldcecB Lindl. 

Xantho&f lec Nees. 
Pteleicec Kunlh. 

Xanth6xyluin L. - 

KampmdnnlA Bqfln. 
FagAra Lam. 

Ptelea L, 

BeUdcfa Adam. 
AildtUui Desf. 

CoridcecB Lindl. 

Cbnicen Dec. 

Cori^ria Nitt, 

StaphylehcecB Dec. 
Staphylea L, - 

Staphylod^ndron Tourn. 



Cootcnti. 

xxix. 

xxlz. 

XXX. 

xxz. 


Text. 

397 

397 

403 

408 


XXX. 


404 


XXX. 

xxxi. 


405 
460 


xxxlL 


46S 


xxxii. 


462 


xxxii. 


462 


xxxii. 


469 


xxxiii. 


475 


xxxiii. 


475 


xxxiii. 


476 


xxxiii. 

xxxlU. 


476 

477 


xxxiii. 


477 


xxxiii. 

xxxiii. 

xxxiii. 


477 
481 

483 


xxxiv. 

xxxiv. 


483 

488 


xxxiv. 


484 


xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 


484 
484 


xxxiv. 


484 


xxxiv. 

xxxiv. 


'484 

487 


xxxiv. 


487 



- XXXIV. 

- xxxiv. 

- xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 

- xxxiv. 

xxxiv. 

- xxxiv. 



488 

489 
490 
493 

492 

492 
493 



CelastrhcetB Dec. 

.Eu6nymu8 Toum, 
Cblastrus L. 

E m em§mS hde* Mcench. 

Kemop^thes Rt^. 

lawiMeiDum. Coon. 



VOL. IL 



xxxiv. 495 

- xxxiv. 496 

- XXXV. 502 

- XXXV. 503 



Mhytemu Feuill 

5emJcU Lam. 
C«MhwL. 

MuwoehtU mm. 
HaitMaDK. • 

StkrAtn Tkwnh. 

KlaoiifninnBpWD§. 



- XXXV. 503 

803 



sxy^ 



[xxvi] 



BPITOHE OP THE CONTENTS. 



kqtiifoli&ceiB Dec. xxxvi, so* 

Mvgfnda Jacq. - - xxxvi. 505 

rfeii. - . iHvi 505 

At«(WI«t Toura. 

PAaaaL. . . nxvi. 520 
Agiria Adiuu. 

RAomn^tE Lind!. x»ivii. 523 

WitronM Da. 

i^liurus L. • • uxTii. 527 

Berchemin Neck. - xxx*ii. 5S8 

Alulninua ham. - - xxxrii. 529 

CeanoIbiiB L. - • xxxviii. 539 









Jirumkcex It. Br, 
Homali/iacca Lindl. 



Auicardihce<e Lindl. 




BurseracesE Kunth. 



Amifridhce<E Lindl. «1. 



Leguminota Juss. 
Soph6raR.Bt. ■ 
Vtgflia L. 
Piptinthus SiPl. . 

Tierm6juiM D. Dop. 




(Ties L. 


xU. 


Stauracanthus Li. 


ili. 


Suinium X)^c. - 


sli. 


Sparli^Hlkv, U. 




G-enisla /.«-». - 


iii. 


G.<dl.i6lil««<nut. 




CJtJius L. 


xlui. 




xliT. 


Ononi* £. 


iiiv. 






TUJ(r« Stimch.' 




Amdrpha - 


xlv. 


AniqrUui Neck. 




Roliinw L. 


xlv. 






^t*y.*«« B«b, 




Carogana Lain. 


XIT. 


Halimciil^nilron Fitryi. 


xlvi. 






Cal6ph«:« F«rf. - 


xIyL 


««i«P.U 




CoWtea A 5r 


xivi. 


istmp 1 I) e • 


xiri. 




£PITOK£ OP THE CONTENTS. 



[xxvii] 



Smb C. mad. D. Dm. 

Wistaria Nutt. - 

Krakmkia Bafin. 
Ponh. 
iKC Walt. 

H.AngL 



zlvitf. 

xlviiL 



iWaU. 

AfitKhia L. 
8pB6cladiis Lam, 

- - L. 

iVahl. 

Toom. 



ZiTfl. 

slvttU 
slviiL 
slvUl. 
zlvliL 

xlviii. 




• mm. 



'RosacecB Dec. 

Joijgdalus Toum, - 
Ammidaiipkora Neck. 

F£nica TVum. - 

TWcAocdnnw Neck. 

imieiiiaca Toum, - 
iVoDiis 7b«m. 

Frmmdpkora Keck. 

Census ^itft . 

Lanroeiranu Toarn. 

FMiiaDec. 

Tigire* PmrsM. 

Eitria Dec. 

<>rc*onu Tbunb. 

Jrabns L» - 
PbCeotOla Ir. 

Bkod&fhora Seek, 

Lowes Lindl. 

Pbodota Lindl. • 

Cotone&ster Med. - 

JiK^iicAirr Med. - 

Jtfibpilus Iftm//. - 
lCemil6phorm ^«c*. 

PJTUS Lindl. - 
Tourn. 



S6rbtuTonnt. 
J* p r6pkorum Keck. 



^wr^Mttr Rav. 
A n'a L'Obel. 
.^rdii/a Pert. 

Cjfdoaia Totint. 
Chcnora^Ies 

LtmU. 



Keck. 



:<• R. « P. 



ruf 

L. 



M.m.ttK. 

mm ^8m$. 



li. 

liiL 

liiL 

liiL 
liv. 
Ivi 
In. 

Ixi. 

Ixi. 
Ixiv. 
Ixv. 
Ixv. 
Ixv. 



Text. 

647 



Ixviii. 
Ixviii. 

hdz. 
Ujl 
Ixis. 
tadz. 

tads. 

Isiz. 



M9 
649 
649 
649 
649 

650 



xlviii. 656 



xlviii. 657 



vliv. 


660 


slls. 


660 


sllz. 


660 


sMx. 


660 


slis. 


660 


sils. 


660 


zUz. 


661 


xHx. 


661 


sUs. 


661 


xliz. 


661 


slUb 


661 


xUs. 


661 


site. 


669 


lix. 


670 


:lix. 


673 


1. 


679 


1. 


681 


1. 


684 



692 

721 

722 

722 
733 
747 
748 

812 
813 
868 
869 
874 
877 



CalycanthhcecB Lindl. 
Calydbthus Lindl, - 

BuUnhrU. Du Ham. 
Bcurrerisk Ekrk. 
JBastirUk Adaiu. 
PompadoAr^ Bucho%. 

Chimonanthus Lindl. 
MerMM. Nets. 

GranathcecB D. Don. 

Punica Toum. 

Onagrhce(B LindL 

FAchiteL. 

AUiMMra Mcenek. 
NahClsU Schneevoogt 

I^ythracece Lindl. 
Heimia - . • 

Lagerstrce^mia L. - 

Tamaricacea:. 

7%marix Desv. - 

TamarUcus All. 
Myric^rU Den. 

Vhiladelphhce€B. 
Philadelphus L. - 

Sjrrlnga Toum. 

Decumaria Zr. - 

ForiSth\». WaU. 
DcAtite Thonb. 



Ixv. 879 



Myrt& 



cecB. 



Trftttala JL Br. 
BnufiSrtia R. Br. 
CalotbtfianuB R. Br. 
MalaMical.. 
BaMnaia R. Br. 
Evealfvtuu L'H^U. 
Anatfpoon Cap. 
CMMtOfoaDte. 
MttXQiidiTat G^rtm. 
LepCoiptfnnQin Fartl. 
BmUa K. Br. 
FabricU Gnrtn. 
Bm/ckia Andr. 
Pfeldlttm L. 
MfruuL. 

Cluuinela6clom Dttf. 
Cilythriz R. Br. 
Danrinte Radge 



Ixix. 
Ixix. 



Ixix. 
Ixix. 

Ixix. 



Ixx. 

Ixx. 
Ixx. 

Ixx. 

Ixx. 
Ixx. 

Ixx. 
Ixx. 

Ixxi. 

Ixzl. 



tssl. 
Izxl. 
Izxl. 
Izxl. 
Izxi. 
IzzL 
Izzl. 
Izzl. 
Izzl. 
izzl. 
Izzl. 
Izzi. 
Izzl. 
Izzl. 
Izzl. 
Izzil. 
IzziL 
Izztt. 



Passi/loracecB Lindl. 

Fuiiflbrec Jus*. 



DMmina Dee. 
Tac«ta<aJti«. 



Izzil. 
Izzll. 
Izzli. 



SMnm L. 
Scmpcrvlmm L. 

AmaatmpMrM Haw. 



929 
931 

. 931 
933 
934 
934 

985 

9» 



IzzU. 
Izzll. 
Izzii. 



Me8embryhce<B Lindl. Ixxiu 

McMmbiTtfnthcmum ■ IxxU. 

Nitrari&cece Lindl. Ixxii. 
Nitrarialr. - - Ixxii. 

IxxiL 

IsxU. 



Cact^ecs Lindl. 

Cicti Juts, 



Ttat. 

935 
936 



Ixix. 937 



939 
939 

942 

944 



944 

945 
945 

946 

947 
949 

950 
951 

955 

956 



Ixxi. 956 



956 

957 

957 

957 

956 

958 

960 

960 

961 

961 

961 

961 

961 

961 

961 

964 

964 

964 



Ixxii. 964 



96* 
965 
965 



Crasstddcece Dec. Ixxii. 965 



965 

965 
96. 



966 

966 

966 
966 



Ovdntiz MiU. 



[xxviii] 



Growd&cea Dec. 
Ribet L. 



CufuMfryi Sptcb. 

EscaUonmc^m R. Br. 
i'tea L. 

Escalloiiia Mutis - 
M H. a P. 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 

LeyceBti™ Wall - 

HamilM Puer. 

B.ubidcetE Juss. 

Cephulanthus L- - 



Saxijrdffea Dec. 
Hydriogea L. - 

UmbeUifera Juss, 
^pleurum To«m. - 

^mpriUU SprEOg. 
Uttlli Biuh. 

AralidcecB Juss. 
Arslia L. 
0£dera Swariz 

Jiamajnclacfa: Lindl. 
^smainilis L. ' 

TrUopm MIth. 

Fothergiiio L. 

Com&cetB Lindl. 

CiSriMIi IXc. 

06rniis £. - 

nrsaHttth. 

Benthimin Lindl. - 
LoraittkacecB Lindl. 

LoTlatlin Jwf . 

rfuniin L. - 
Aitcuba Thunb. 









lixv. 
lixr. 



luvii. 10!6 



CaprifoUacem Richd. Ixiyii. 1027 



jSninbilciiB Toum. - 


. Uivii. 


1027 


eiirULimi Lour. 
PibOrDum L. 


. isxvii. 


1032 


O'p-toiT™™. 






T1<I« Toun.. 

KerrflU - - 


- Usix. 


1042 


Witgrli Tinnt. 






Wrrgtm Pt'l. 

Lonlcera Desf. - 


. Ixxbc 


1042 


C^rtft««J0M. 








1 










asr.2™ 






l.lk. ^TCM. 












SvmphoricirpM av/. 


- 1X3X1. 


lOM 


SIST 







1061 
1061 

iSS 

la 



Zoieflaceee .Aus. Ixxxi. 1063 
C'amvantiliicecE R. Br. Ixixi. 106S 



Compdsita Adans. 


Ixsxii. 


1063 


Stehelina Lwsing - 


Ixxxii. 


1064 


Bacchara R. Br. ■ 


Ixxxu. 


1065 


/WL. . 


Ixxxii. 


1066 


Santolina L. 


Ixxxii. 


io«e 


^rtemtaw Cbm. - 


Ixxxii. 


1068 


//ei;chrjsi.m LcMg 


Ixxxii. 


1070 








Asti-lniTa R. Br. - 


Ixxxii. 


1070 


daer'jlia Letting - 


Ixxxii. 


1070 



^ M 



Epacrid&cetB Lindl. Ixxxiii. 

Epurtdn A-. 



EPITOME OF THE CONTENTS. 



[xxix] 



DrmMfkgttmm R. Br. 



CoDtaita. 

IzulU. 
lusUL 



Text. 
1075 
1075 



Yj-icacecB Juss. Ixxxiii. 1076 



Enca, 2>. Don 
Gjpsocillis Sal. - 
Gdldna Sai. 



.D.Dcm 

O. Dm 
lO. 

D. 
D. 

iL. 

O. 
iX On* 

iladromecla L. 

Polifoiia Buxb. 

Cusiop^ D. Don 
ra D. Don 



Zendbis D. Don •> 
Lyonia Nutt. 
Leacothde D. Don 
Pleris 2>. />on 
Pbjllodoc^ Sal. 
Ddxe'da D. Don 

MetB^hn^. Sm. 
Jtihutas Camer. - 
irctofit4pbylo8 Adam, 
Pemettya Gaud. - 
Gaultheria L. - 

Uemdcpium Mx. 

T1nlefx>c&rpus G.Don 
Oethra Xr, • 

Aodod^dron Z. - - 

lUMiftraL. 
G^atmerkodod^ndrot Toarn. 

K&lioia L. - 

MeniMsia Sni. 
Ai^ea D. Don - 

LtiaeltUriA Detf. 
nmrnrOdamlA. 

Leioph^llum Pers. - 

Amm$rsine Punh. 
fUeken, Swartz. 

racdnhim L. 
Fids \6st^ 
0zyc6ccu8 P«ri. - 



• Ixxxiii. 

- Ixxxiii. 

- Ixxxv. 

bu»hr. 

IzziIt. 
IZBdv. 

USSiT. 

IzxdT. 

LuiT. 
IxudT. 

IZZSiT. 

IxxzSv. 
Iszxtr* 

Ixxxv. 

Ixxxvi. 

Ixxxvi. 

Ixxxvi. 

Ixxxvi. 

Ixxxvi. 
Ixxxvii. 
Ixxxvii. 
Ixxxvii. 



Ixxxvii. 

Ixxxviii. 
Ixxxviii. 
ixxxviii 
Ixxxviii. 

Ixxxviii. 

Ixxxviii. 

Ixxxix. 



xcu. 
xcii. 
xcii. 



8al. 



XCII. 

xcii. 
xcii. 

• •• 

XCUl. 
sciT. 



1079 
1082 
1084 

1089 
]0«9 
1089 
1089 
1090 
1091 
1091 
1091 
1098 
1093 
109S 
1093 

1105 



1107 
1108 
1108 
1109 
1113 
1114 
1115 
1116 

1117 
1123 
1124 
1125 
1126 

1127 
1127 
1130 



1151 
1152 
1153 



xciL 1154 



1155 
1156 
1156 
1168 

1171 
171S 



Vitija 

BcfkHa H. at B. 
Hjmeninthm Blum, 
iitytamieeia H. B. et K. 
ThJb*fItdl« H. B. c( K. 
C«Ycnd(th<a Undl. 
Agapitn O. Don 
CttmtotlkmM K.tt P. 

SymplochcecB D. Don, 

^f mploooa L. ' . ■ . 

Styr&cecB Rich. 
iStj^rax L. ' 

Halesiacess D. Don 
and Link. 
Halesta Ellis 

Sapotacese Lindl. 

Saj^tea R. Br. 

Argdma Roem. et Schult. 

Etteodindrtm Rets. 
Siderixylon L. 

j&uinelia Swartz. 

A^chras L. 
Ckryiophyllum AubL 

YienhcecB Dec 
i>io8pyros Zr. - 

Wbenus Ck>inin. 
Guaiadina Toum. 
Pteudolbtus Matth. 

Oleiicece Lindl. 

OmxxK Hqff: 

Lig{istrum Toum. 
Phill^rea Toum. - 
Chionanthus Z. - - 

O^imL. 

Syringa L. - - 

l^ntanesta Lab. • 
Frixinus Toum. 
O'rnus Peri. 

JasmindcecB Lindl. 

Juminefle Juu. 
Jasminum Forsk. - 

Mongbrium Lam. 

ApocynacecB Lindl. 

i<pocfne« Juu. 

Ffnca L. ' 

Vervinca Toum. 
GeMmium Mx. ... 
NMum L. • 



CflBtCBtt. 
selv. 

xd*. 

XCV. 

kdT. 

xciv. 
xciv. 



XCV. 
XCV. 

ICT. 

XCV. 

XCV. 
XCV. 

xcvi. 

SCTi. 

xcvi. 

xcvii. 

xcvii. 

xcviii. 



T«t. 
117S 
1178 
117S 
1178 
1I7S 
1173 
1173 
1178 

1186 

IIM 

1187 
1187 



xciv. 1189 

xciv. 1 189 

xciv. 1191 

xciv. 1191 

XCV. 1192 



1194 
1194 

1197 

1198 

1198 
1203 
1205 

1208 
1213 
1213 
1241 



xcix. 1248 
xcix. 1248 



xcix. 1254 



xcix. 1254 



sdz. 
sdx. 



ItM 
li56 



VOL. IIL 



Asdepiadees Lindl. xcix. 

ifackpirfeie R. Br. 

Perfploca L. - - xcix. 
Bignomkcest R. Br. c. 

Bigndnia Tourn. - - c. 

Teanna Juss. - - c. 

Qitalpa Juss. - - c. 



e. 
c 



1257 

1257 

1258 
1258 
1259 
1261 

IMS 
IMS 



Coiceacese D. Don. 

Cobca^aCaT. ... 

ConvolvulhcecB R. Br. 

OooTdlvuliu L. - 

^orafftnd<;€(B Lindl* 

BoTa%\neK Juu, 

JUtnoipAnniiiii L. 
JPehlum L. • 

ffdlocrApttua L. . • 



c. 

c. 


1264 

1S64 


C. 


1264 


c. 


lf84 


C. 


1265 


c. 
e. 
c. 


1M5 
IVM 
lt«5 



ZxaJ 



EFITOHE OF THE CONTENTS. 



Cordikcex R, Br. 
Solandcea Lindl. 

SoUum JuH. 

&lsnuin L. - - • 



18S6 
1266 



Xiciumi. - - 


d. 


1S69 








GralKiwskia Schledit 


d. 


1873 


NMIMOnO. 






SlSSS!^'^'.'- ■ 


3'. 


B 


ei=nw^_. 




IS! 








ScropAulariacea Lindl. 


d. 


1S76 


d. 


1S76 



Jjobidta J USB. 
Jtoir^L. - 
Thymus i. - 
AjnsdpuB /. 
T^enuM Schreb. 
nitdmis L. - 
Aoamarlnua i.. 
StJM^yi L. - - 
Lafindula £. 
J'cjmos ii. - • 
Okraoquln Hook. • 
Westrinsia Sm. 
SUyu L. 
Audibinia Benth. 



Yer&«7t^<e Juss. 
ritCTZ. - 

Aio?iii^"br. '- - 

VirNKL'Hftlt. 

Jlfyop^iiKB R. Br. 
' Globttlitriacftp Lindi. 

dabuUHE S«. 

Olobuliria L. 
Vlumbagiitdcea R. Br. 



1278 
1278 
1S7S 
1278 
1879 
127B 
127B 
1281 



1285 



1287 
12B7 



ChenopoiUhcea Liiidl. 


CO. 


1287 


CI«nopM« V^. 






Chenopodium L. ' 


Ci). 


1888 








Suaida Fonk. i 






ii'triplexL. - - - 


diL 


l88t/;: 






Diotis Sclirrl). 




lew^ 


Crnam^i Toura. 












^cs^™ 






f rwVuAnairll SwU. 






Ur(l«noy 






^i^:- :■■ 


1 


i; 


VolygonhatE Lindl. 


dii. 


ISM'^ 


TraeopVnim fii^i. - - 


dii. 


im 1 


Atraphaxis L. - 


dii. 


IIM 


Calliponum L. 


dii. 


las 



13 



XaGrua /'fln. - - 


dii. 


!»» 




















p.™. Sp., 






Proteaceie Ji«j. 


dv. 


UN 




5?' 


i 


Bsrt^ - . ■ 




Thynulacea Juss. 


riT. 


ISOS 


Zldphne £. 


civ. 


1307 


T*,mrfE-. T«uni. 






IHp»-ti(«G™. 






sssasv... 












DfrraL. - . . 




1314 


JiSLf-, 




1*U 


KSt"-. 




iSl 


Santalilcese Broun. 


CT. 


1318 


NJsmL. - 




tsu 


OtWsL. - 


Cri! 


ISM 


' CcftaCuocr. 






Y.t,Ea>pu,cea Uadl. 


cvi. 


1381 


i^aipnuh ruiirn. . 




13» 


^""irif,;,.™. - 


CTU 


1384 


Shephcrdio Niitt. - 


eri. 


1387 


AristolocIiie(r R. Br. 


CTi. 


1328 


^rislolothlB i. - - 


CTI. 


1388 


EwpAorfiiScete Jwj*. 


cvii. 


1330 


/'uphorbwi 


cvu! 


1331 


■]■./» vwoynj 






StillinBw fJarJen - 


cviL 


1331 


BiijLiiti r.ii,™. 


cvii. 


I33» 



SSmiCEmS^ 



EFTTOHE OF THE CONTENTB. 



Vriicdcete Lindl. 



Ficnt Tumm. 
Snw Willd. - 

i«a lUcllI. 

\jbnacea Mirb. 
rkns L. - 
ffatrs Gmel. 
{£kii Toam, - 
iwglaatdiceee Lindl. 



Garryaceee lAndL 

<iirr\a Doug. 

Viaiaiiiicea Lindl. 
FAOaas L,. - 
QaUamaeeiB Lindl. 
liquidaniber L. - 

Mfricdcue Lindl. 

Caaiptjiaia Banks. 



1371 
1373 
1409 
HIS 



Pteroc^rya JCunik 
Salkacea Lindl. 

faUclBMAlE*. 

5Mixii. . . . 

F6pu\ua Toum. - 

Betal&cea; Dum. 
^1nua Tburn. - 
Bilu\a Toum. - 
Coruliicca! Lindl. 

CupullhriF Rich. 



[xxxi] 



1451 
1453 



Casl4nea Tnunu - 
O'strya iViild. - 
Cdrylus L. 



cijuii. 1677 

cxxiii. 1677 

- cixiu. 1690 

CMIT. 171S 

cxxiv. 1717 



cxix. 1083 
cxH. SOOi 
cxxii. 2015 



VOL. IV. 

2031 



Catvaraceis. R. Br. cxxiii. 

Omuina Ail. - cxxxii. 

Gnetacefe LindL cxxxiii. 

B'fbtdt% L. - ctxiiii. 

Taxacete Lindl. cxxxiii. 

Tfaos L. ' - cxxxiii. 

Sdnburia Sm. • • cxiiiii. 

Cmijerte Juss. cxxxiii. 



PieuLk. 

Pices i). Dm 

Zlrix TVnmi. 
fnlnu Barrel. - 
Arauc^ria R.tlP. 



8329 
!350 



CunninghAiniii B. Br. - cxl. 

Dananara Rumph, - . cxl. 

I Curur«ii«. - nl. 

Tlliija L. - - cxl. 

ciiiitriB r™;. . «li. 

Frrmillt tllri. 

C'upr^Bsus - - elxi. 

TaxAdium Rick. - clxiL 

JunipcniH L. • cxlii. 

Y.mpttracea: Nutt. cxliii. 

fi'inpetruiii X. • cxliii. 

Cor^ma D. Don - cxliii. 

Ccratiola Mx. - • cxliii. 

Smildcea Brown, cxliii. 

fimllax L. - - cxliii. 

Lilidcea Dec. cxliv, 

■^sparagiiB X. - - cxliv. 

A6kus L, - . cxliv. 

r^ca L. - - exlv. 

Amaryllidkceee Lindl. 



SA09 
S510 
SSIS 
8516 
2517 
8521 



Litt»~a 'Brig. - 

Agave "/r"-' "-■ 
Phdnuiuin TXun. 

P«/mcffi Juss. 
ChamacVopa L. - 

Graminex R. Br. 
Bambiia L. - 
Ati-nio Beauv. 

Sdppixment, Appendixeb, asd Indexes. 



cxlv! 



[xxxii] 



EPITOME OF THE PLATES. 



EPITOME OF THE PLATES. 



Vol. V. 
MaffnoMcess. 

Mftgndlto, 9 sp. and 2 var. ; 

12 plates. 
Liriod^ndron, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 

TUlitcecB. 

THia, 8 sp. and I var. ; 10 pi. 

AcerdcecB. 

jtcetf 15sp. and 1 var.; 21 pi. 
Negtaulo, 1 sp. and 1 var. ; 2 pi. 

JEsad&cecB, 

^sculus, 2 sp. ; 3 pi. 
Pivto, 3 sp. and 1 var. ; 6 pi. 

Sapinddce(B, 

Kolreutdna, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

Xanthoxylacece. 

Xanth6xylum, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Pt^lea, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
AUdniuM, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 

Celastrac€<B. 

^u6nynius, 2 sp. ; 2 pi. 

Kquifoliace(B. 

riex, 2 sp. ; 4 pi. 

^hamnhce(B. 

JPaLiiirus, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 
Jttiimnus, 4 sp. ; 4 pi. 

HomalinacecB. 

AristoUlta, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

LeguminbscB. 

SophJbrOt 1 sp. and 1 van; 3 pi 
Virffilio, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
C^tisus, 2 sp. and 2 var. ; 4 pi 
Roblnui, 3 sp. and 2 var. ; 6 pi 
Caragana, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Gleditschta, 7 sp. ; 9 pi. 
Gymn6cladus, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 
C^i^ S sp. ; S pi. 
^cicia, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 



Cerasus, 7 sp. ; 9 pi. 
Cratae'gus, 21 spec, and 13 

var. ; 36 pi. 
Photinia, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Cotonedster, 4 sp. ; 4 pi. 
Ameldnchier, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 
iHi^spilus, 2 sp. ; 2 pi. 
Pjrus, 18 sp. and 2 var. ; 

22 pi. 
C^donia, 2 sp. ; 2 pi. 

TAyrtdcecB. 

Eucalyptus, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

ComacecB. 

C6mus, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

CaprifoliacecB* 

^iambikcus, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 
Fibiimuro, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

EricdcecB, 

i^'rbutus, 2 sp. ; 2 pi. 

HalesikcesB. 

Haldsio, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 

'EtbenacecB. 

2>io8p^ro8, 2 sp. ; 4 pi. 

Oleacea. 

FiixmuBf 8 sp. and 1 var. ; 

11 pL 
O'mus, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 



Vol. VI. 
lRx>sace(B. 

^mf gdalus, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
l^ersica, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 
^rmeniaca, 2 sp. ; 2 pi. 
Aiinus, 3 sp. ; 3 pU 



Vol. VII. 
Biffnonikceee. 

Cai&lpa, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 

l^auracecB. 

Xaiirus, 2 sp. ; 3 pi. 

Santalacese. 

N^aso, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

Y.l(Bagnace(B. 

^ae&gnus, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Hipp6phae, 1 sp. ; 1 pL 

\5rtichce(B. 

Af^rus, 3 sp. ; 5 pi. 
Brousson^tuz, l sp. ; 1 pi. 
Flcus, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

XilmacetB. 

Crimus, 7 sp. and 5 var. ; 1 5 pi 
PUnera, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 
Ccltis, 2 sp. ; S pL 



Jiifflanddcecs. 

Juglans, 3 sp. ; 6 pL 
Carya, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 
Pterocarya, 1 sp. ; 1 pi. 

Salic&ce(B, 

5ialix, 4 sp. and 1 var. ; 6 pi. 
Pupulus, 10 sp. and 1 var. ; 
17 pi. 

'BetuldcecB, 

Alnu^ 2 sp. and 1 var. ; 4pl- 
P^tula, 4 sp. ; 5 pi. 

CorylhcecR^ or Cupuli" 
fercB. 

Qu6rcus, 6 sp. and 4 var.; 
20 pi. 



Vol. VIII. 

CoryldcecBj or CupuH- 
JercB, 

Qu^rcus, 13 sp. and 6 var. ; 

24 pi. 
Fagus, 1 sp. and 2 var. ; 4 pi. 
Castanca, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 
Carpinus, I sp. ; 2 pi. 
O'strya, 2 sp. ; 3 pi. 
Corylus, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 

VlatandcecB. 

Pliitanus, 2 sp. and 2 var. ; 6 pi. 

Balsamdce(B, 

Liquidimbar, 1 sp. ; 2 pL 

T!ax&ce(JB. 

Tixusy 1 sp. and 1 var. ; 4 pi. 
Salisb^rto, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. 

ConifercB^ § AhiitijUB. 

PJnus, 11 sp. and 1 var.; 17 pi. 
^bies, 5 sp. and 1 var. ; 10 pi. 
Picea, 2 sp. ; 4 pi. 
//arix, 2 sp. ; 4 pi. 
C^drus, 1 sp. and 1 var.; 5 pi. 

AbietincBj § CupressinoB^ 

Tliuja, 2 sp. ; 2 pi. 
Cupr^ssus, 2 sp. ; l pi. 
T^xodium, 1 sp. ; 2 pi. . 
I Juniperus, 3 sp. ; 5 pi. 



CONTENTS. 



XVU 



PART III. 

m DESCRIPTION, GEOGRAPHY, HISTORY, PROPERTIES AND USES, SOIL 
A5D SITUATION, PROPAGATION AND CULTURE, ACCIDENTS, DISEASES, 
ISSECTS, AND STATISTICS, OF THE HARDY TREES AND SHRUBS OF 
BTTAIN, INDIGENOUS AND FOREIGN ; WITH NOTICES OF THE HALF- 
lASDY SPECIES. 



are printed in Italic*. The letters trf. refer to the portraits of entire trees ; and the letters 
Jig, and /. to the botanical figures incorporated in the text. 



RtaameuldcetB Dec.-^ i. • •» 

Sect. I. Clxmati'dub. JL I. 
OFMATIS L. 1 I. - 

Tmt CuHATis, or Virgin'' $ Bower. 
Lmdie$* Bonoert Gerard. 
CMnaiite, Fr. 
WaUrebe, Ger. 
Cktmatide, Ital. 



$ i. Fldmmvla Dec. 1 _1 - 233 

FUmmula X. x France fig. 9. 233 

Tlw hiliinmsf niT Jin'rrif Clematis. 
C. #mw u^ard. 
C. mariUma AU. Fed. 
C. 9ma9Men$ Sal. Prod. 
The sweei-»cemted Virgim^t Bower, 
afmtititr odorofUe, Fr. 
Jkkatft Waidrehe, Ger. 

fkrUHMM ' ' 233 

S rotundifoUa Dee. Ji 

C.frigrans Zea. 
S marltiiiui Dec. J[ 

4 rubella Dec, 1 

5 cvspitosa Dec. JL 

C. oem^edca-Scop. 
C. Plammmla Bertol. 

orientalis L. JL Levant fig. 10. 234 

TlMOrlncal Clematis. 

n&mmmla scAtdens DiU. Elt. 
UhmmtiijUma Momth Meth. 

. AthcBL WiUd. X Siberia fig. 11. 235 

¥w flaBOoiu-XeavAf Clematis. 

. dun^iins i7^z. J China. - 235 

IteCUaeM Clematis. 

panicalata Thunb. -i Japan - 235 
The paoicled Clematis. 

. Vitilba L. X England fig. 12. 235 

The White Tine Clematis. 
AUr^fMe Theopfa. 
Yitfi t^lwistrU Diosc. 
CUtuaiit latifbUa, »eu Urdgene, Raj. 
C. iUera Matth. 
C. tfrMsComm. 
FtfnM Ger. and Lob. 
VlMs i^rra Fucfas. 

AwMlfer'f ^. 0« afoii'f Beard, Bind- 
»«*, CofMiMMS FMs** Bower, Wild 
Ch mk e r, Gregi WHd Climber. 



231 
232 


CUmatite brulanie, a^matite de» Ha^ei, 
VHerbe aus Gueux, La Viorwe dee 
Pauvres, Fr. 

Genuine Waldrebe, Ger. 


232 


Variety - - 236 
2 integrata JL 



7. virginiana L, X N. America f. 13. 237 

The Virginian Clematis. 

C. canadensis Toum. 
C. cordifblia Moench. 

Variety - - 237 

2 bracteata Dec. X 

C. bractedta Moench. 

8. triternata Dec. X £• Indies - 238 

The trltemate-iifavaf Clematis. 
htragene tritemdta Desf. 

9. Vi6ma L, X N. America fig. 14. 238 

The Road-ornamenting Clematis. 
C. vurpkrea ripens Ray. 
Flammula scdndens Dfll. 



Leatiteryrflowered Clematis. 
Gtacken-bmUUge WaUrebe, Ger. 

Variety 
2 Simstt JL 



238 



10. cylindrica Sinu.X N.Am. fig. 15. 239 

llhe cyllndrical-iSott'^red Clematis. 
C. crispa Lam. 
C. Fioima Andr. 
C. divaricdta Jacq. 
Long-flowered Virgin's Bower. 

11. Slmstf Swt. JL N. America f. 16. 240 

Sims's Clematis. 

C. corddta Sims. 

12. reticulata WaU. 1 N. Am. f. 17. 240 

The net-veined-^av^d Clematis. 
C. tbsea Abbott, 

§ ii. ViHciBa Dec. X - 240 

13. fi6rida Thunb. 1 Japan fig. 18. 240 
The florid Clematis. 

Ktrigene indica Desf. 
A.J&rida Pers. 
CUmtUHe d grandes Fieurt, Fr. 
QrosblUthige Wuldrebe, Ger. 



Variety 
6ore pleno X 

a 



241 



xviu 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

14. Vitic61la L. X Spain - fig. 19. 241 

The Vlne-bowcr Clematis. 

Vitic^lla dcltbidea Moench. 

The rcd-fiotcered Latfy*s Bower t Gerard. 

Italianische Waidrebe^ Ger. 

Varietie» - - 241 

1 csriilea X 

2 purpikrea X 

3 multiplex G. Don. X 

C.pulckiiaa Fers. X 

4 tenuifolia Dec, X 

5 baccilta Dec, X 

15. campaiiifl6ra BroL 1 Sp. f.20. 242 

The Bell-flowered Clematis. 
C. viomolde* Schrad. 
C.parviftira Dec. 

16. cHspa i^. -I N. America f. 21. 243 

The curled'Sepalcd Clcmiatls. 
C.JIdre crispo Dill. Elth. 

§ iii. CheiropM Dec. i. - 243 

17. cirrhosa L. L - fig. 22. 243 

The tendriled Clematis. 

Airdgene cirrkdsa Pers. 

TravelUr's Jov qf Candia, Spamsk Traoet- 

ler*s JoVy Jotinson's Gerari. 
Spanish fVild Cucumber ^ Parkinson. 
Evergreen ClematU. 
EhtfachbCittrige IVaUrebe, Ger. 

Vanety - - 243 

2 pedicellata Dec, L. 
C. batedrica Fers. 
C. pediceitdta Swt. 
C. cirrkdsa Sims. 

18. balearica Rich, g, Minorca - 244 

The Minorca Clematis. 
C. calyeina Alt. 
CUmatiU de Mahon, Fr. 

§ iT. hnemomifibira, X 

19. montanaHoTn.l Nepal f.23, 24. 245 

The Mountain Clematis. 

C. ^nammifUHra D. Don. 

App, I, Doubtful Species of Clhnatis, 246 

C. tcmlfldra Dec^ bitemita Dec, dahdrica Dec., 
dlTcrslfblia Dec., japdnlca Dec, semttrik^Mi Dec., 
campanilI6ra Dec. 

App. ii. Anticipaied Introductions, 246 

C. nepalensis. palldsccns, trltifbUa, Bnchananildfsa, 
intrfcAta, holoscrlcea, Wilter/, Cskotlbjdna. 



246 



fig. 25. 247 



II. -4TRA'GENE L, 1 

Tub Atragenb. 

Clhnaiis Lara, and Dec. 
Atragene, Fr. and €«er. 

1. alpinaL. 1 Austria 

The Alpine Atragene. 

CUmaiis cterdlca Bauh. 
htrdgene austrUwa Sc(^. 
A. cumatktes Grants. 
CUmaiis aipma Mill. Diet. 

2. siblrica L, 1 Siberia fig. 26. 247 

The Siberian Atragene. 
A. aJphta Gmel. Sib. 
CUmatis sibirica MilL Diet. 

Varietf - . 348 



S. ochot^nsis PaU, X Siberia 



248 



The Odiofaikoi A 



truene. 
A. YtMcm Pall. 
ClAmitu oekoUntU Poir. 



4. americana Sirm, 1 N. Am. fig. 27. 248 

The American Atragene. 

Cthnatis verticiUiLris Dec. 



Variety 
2 obHqua Dough X 



248 



5. occidenti^lis Horn, X N. America 249 

The Wcttcm Atragene. 

Cl/mttttis ocHdentilU Dec. 

Sect II. Pmosia^cr^ Dec. • jt 249 



I. PM&^IA L. * 
Thb Pbonv. 

Pionjf. 
Pivoine, Fr. 

Gichtterrose, P'donie, Ger. 
Rosa del Monte, Span. 
Peonia, Ital. 



249 



25a 



I. Moutan Sims. A China 

The Moutan Peony. 

Varieties 250 

1 papaver^cea And, A f. 28. 

2 variegata D. Don, tt 

3 Bunksit Andrews A fig. 29. 

4 Hornet Ker. A 

5 rosea Dec. A 

6 rosea semiplena A 

7 rosea pUna A 

8 Kaw^'t Hort. Trans. A 

9 camca plena Hort. TVaiu.A 

10 ilbida pidna HorL T>ans, A 

1 1 Anneslet Hort Trans. A 
12Ucera LindL A 
Expected Varieties* 

II. XANTHORIZA L. m - 255 

Thb Yellow Root. 

Zanthorixe, Fr. 
Gelbtourz, tier. 

1. apiifoliaZ/'i/m/.Ji. N.Am. f. 31. 255 

The Farsley-leeTed Yellow Root. 



Winteraceoi R. Br. m - 256 
I. ILLI'CIUM L. A - . 256 

Thb Ilucium. or Aniseed Tree. 

Badiane, Anis itoiie, Fr. 
Stemanis, Ger. 

1. floridanum Eilii.m N.Am. fig. 32. 256 

The Florida lUidum. 

Red-Jlowered Aniseed Tree, Mor. Hiit. 
Unachler Stemanis, Ger. 

2. rnibatum L. A China - 257 

The Anise niidiun. 

Chinese Aniseed TVre. 

Badiane de la Chine, Anis (toili, Fr. 

Aechter Stemanis, G«r. 

3* parvifiorum Michx. a N. Amer. 258 

The imall -flowered nUcium. 
/. usisitmm Bartnm. 



00NTSNT8. 



XIX 



MoffnoMcex Dec. ^±m 259 
L MAGNO L//I L.^tm - 260 



TBI HiGMOLIA. 

Magmotie.YT. 
BiOerbaB 



WN, Oct. 



$ L MagnoRistrvmL 



S61 



L modiflura L. f Carolina pi. 1. 261 

The kmo-flowered Magnolia. 

LamrH4ea9€d MarmtUa^ Latard Batf, Big 

LoHrel, Laf^e liagnolia. 
Lamrier TuUpter^ Fr. 

Farietiet - - 261 

2 oboTata Ait, f 

3 rotundifolia Swt f 

4 exoni^nsu ITort f pL 2. 

5 ftrroftlnca Aim*, x 

6 laaocol&ta^ff. 1 

7 dtfpdca ^tf. 2 

8 angustifolia Hvrt 1 

9 pne'cox Hart, f. 

Other Varieties^ 

t fk&at L. 1 N. America - pi. 3. 266 

nr flaocous-iraeetf Magnolia. 
M.firigraau SaUib. 
Swamp SanttfhtSf Beaver'Vnod, WMUBag^ 

Small Magnolia, Swamp MagaoUa. 
Arbre de Castor, Fr. 

VaHeHet - - 267 

2 Tbompsont^na Tbomp. *t 

M. tlauca tn4for BoC Mag. 

3 longifolia Hart *i 
Other Varietiea. 

L trip^talaZ*. "i N. America pi. 4. 269 

Tte three-petalcd MagDoUa. 
jr. mmbrMa Lam. 
M.fr<mdd$a Saliib. 
Tke Umbrella Tree, Umbrella Magnolia, 

Elku»ood. 
MagmoUe Poratol, Arbre Paratol, Fr. 

b macroph^Ua ISchx, ¥ Carolina 

pi. 5. 271 



Tte lavge-leaYed Magnolia. 
trge-lemfed Vmb', 
M. MickaitxH Hon. 



Lot 



raved Umbrella Tree, Amer. 
tier Jtamnamer, Fr. 

^ acuminata L, J. North America 

pi. 6, 7. 273 
Tba pofnted-leowitf Magnolia. 

M. rwttca and Jr. penauplvdnica of 



TV blme Magnolia, Eng. 
The Cm emm be r Tree, U. S. 

VarUtUa 
S Cand6U> Savi. IK 
3 mixima Xotiicl If 



some. 



- 273 



2Sdut. t North America 

pi. 8. 275 

The haart-ioiMil Magnolia. 

The keart'leaved Cuemnber Tree, Amer. 

. auricul^ta Lam, S Carolina pi. 9. 276 
The aurlded-feMetf ManooUa. 
jr. Frbaeri Walt. 
M. mn fcwiHri'i Salbb. 
Indian Fbgate, Long4emved Cucumber 
IWe, Amer. 



8. pvramidka Bartr, It CatoL pi. 10. 277 

The pyramidaloA«0d^<l Bfagnolia. 

§ iL GwaUmiBL Rott, - 278 

9. consplcua Saliib. *i. China 

pi. 11. fig. 34, 35. 278 
The Yulan, or cotisjfiaiov^flowered. Magnolia. 
M. pricia Correa. 
M. YiOan Desf. 

I'm Ian, Chinese. 
LOy-flowered Magnolia. 
Magnolier Ytdane, Fr. 
YuuMi Bieberbaum, Ger. 

Vcarietie$ - - 272 

2 Soulangetina 

M. SoulangekoM, Ann. Hort. 8oc. 
Par.J^ 

3 Alezandrlna Hori, t 

4 speciosa Hart, If 

5 citriodora HoH, 'i. 
Other Varieties. 

10. purpurea Bot, Mag, A China 

fig. 36. 282 

The parpleVlov<T«i Magnolia. 
M. obovdta Thunb. 
M. discoior Vent. 
M. denudeUa Lam. 

11. fflflicilisii China - - 283 
The AetxAet-growing Magnolia. 

M. Kbbus Kiempf. 

M. glauca Thunb. 

M. tomentbta Thunb. in Lin. Soc. 

Sidi Kobusi, Jap. 

App. i. Half-hardy MagnaUas, - 284 
M. ftisckta Andr., anomefbhA Sal., phmlla Andr. 

App. iL Additional Magnolias, - 284 

IL LIRIODENDRON L. 5 - 284 

Thb Tulip Tbeb. 
Tulipier, Fr. 
Bieberbaum, Ger. 

1. Tuliplfera L, It N. Am. pi. 12, 13. 284 

The Tulip-bearing Lirlodcndron, or Tulip Tree. 
Tke Poplar, WhiU Wood, Canoe Wood, 

the Tulip Tree, Amer. 
Virginian Poplar, Tulip-bearing Lify Tree, 

Saddle Tree, Eng. 
Tulipier de Virginie, Fr. 
Firginiicher TuHpeerbaum, Ger. 

Varieties - - 285 

2 obtusiloba Michx, t 

L. T. integrifhlia Hort. 
Yelloto Wood, Yellow Poplar. 

3 acutifolia Mickx, % 

4 flava Hcri. It 

App. I. Expected Additions to the Order 
Magnoi^aee», • - 291 

MangUdthi (MagnMto) tnslgnis ; Michdlta lanugi> 
nb«a, exc^isa, Kitdpa, Doltsdpa. 



Dilleniacese Dec. t** - 292 

1. HIMiirtfa voIbblUa 4 Cape of Good Hop* ■ flg. 38. 29S 
t. H. dmUM % New HriUnd . fix ^f- <9V 

3. H. |(ni«aU&folla JU New HoUmid . '4Ti 

a 2 



CONTENTS. 



Anonaceas Rich. 

I. ASI'MIKA Adans. A 
The Asimiha. 
Anndna L. 
OrchidocdrpwH Mz. 
ForciOa. Fert. 
Custard Apple. 
Aitminfer, r r. 
Flaschenbaum, Ger. 

1. parviflora Dun. A N. America 

The small-flowered Asimina. 
PorciRA parv(fldra Perf . 
Orchtdocdrpum parvi/ldrum Mx. 



Paff* 

292 
292 



-293 



2. triloba Diin. A N. America f. 39. 293 
Th« three-lobed-co^jretf Aslmiiuu 

Anntma triloba L. 
PorcUxA triloba Pen. 
Orchtdocdrpum arieAnum Mx. 
71^ Pavauf, Amcr. 
AsinUmtrde Virginie, Ft. 

3. pygmse^ 2>ttn. A N. America £ 40. 294 

The vygiaj AAinrina. 

Anii6na M/(WMr^a, Bartr. 
Orchidocdrpttm mygma^mn Mz. 
PordtiM. fjfgm^oFen. 

4. grandiflora Diin. A N. America 295 

The large-flowered Aiimhia. 

Annftna grandifldra Bartr. 
A. o6ov4<« WiQd. 
Orckidocdrpum grandifldrttm Ifx. 
Porce&A grandiflora Pen. 



Schizandracece. J - 295 

I. SCHTZA'NDRA itfiicA*. J-J . 295 
I. cocclnca Michx. ^^ N. Amer. £ 41. 295 

App. I. Anticipated Additions to S^izdn- 

dre4E, - - 295 

BpbmnMtDM gnndUMnun, KaMMi Japtfalcm . 



MenispermdcetB Dec. J t 296 
I. MENISPE'RMUM i. t ^ . 296 

TbP IDfOONfEEO. 

litfnispermct Tr. 
Mondtaame^ G«r. 

1. caiiad^n«e L. J N. Amer. f. 42. 296 

The Canadian Moonseed. 

M. canadhue «ar. m Lam. 
M. anguldhtm Mcmch. 

Varisty - - 296 

2 lob^tum Z)ec. JL 
M. m'rginicum L. 

2. dauricum Dee, 3 Daiiria f. 43. 297 

Th0 Diuriut MoonMcd. 

Trflofinu An^dMgria Flich. 
jr. ranadfWr tMr. /9 J^ua. 

3. jmil^num Dec, %. - fig, 44. 297 

Tht Smllax-lik* Movwevd. 



II. CCyCCULUS -Ban*, -i - 297 
The C0CCCLU8. 

MenispertnufH Li. 
fVendldndiai WiOd. 
Andrdphilax Wendl. 
Minlsperme, Fr. 
JlfoiMlMuim^, Ger. 

1. carolinus Dec. Jt — i N. A. f. 4<5. 298 

The Carolina Cocculus. 

Menisp4rmum caroGnum L. 
WendtdndiA ^opidtJbUa WiUd. 
Andrdphilax scdnden* Wendl. 
BaumgdrtiB. scdndens Moench. 

App. I. Anticipaied Menitpermdcea, 298 



Berberkceae LindL 



298 



I. BE'RBBRIS L. A A - 298 

The Berbbris. 

Piper idge Bush. 
Efpine vinette^ Fr. 
Berbcritte^ Ger. 

1. sibfrica Pali, A Siberia f. 46. 301 

The Siberian Berberry. 
B. aMica PaU. 



2. vulgaris L, A England 


301 


The common Berberry. 




VarieHea 


301 


2 li^tea A 




Silba A 




4 violf^cea ^ 




5 purpikrea A 




6 nigra A 




7 diilcis A 




8 asp^rma A 




Other Varieties: 


B. daurica and 


altaioa. 





3. canadensis MiU, A N. Am. f. 48. 303 

The Canadian Berberry. 
B. vulg^riM Michx. 
B. V. canadensis Mart. Mill. 

4. emargin^ta JVUId. a Siberia f. 49. 303 

The emarginate-peto/«(f Berberry. 
Ausgerandete Berberitxe, Ger. 

5. ib^rica Stev. A Iberia - f. 50. 304 

The Iberian Berberry. 

B. vuigArisy v. ibMea Dec. Syit. 
B. sinensis Wal. 

6. sinensis Desf, A China - 304 
The Chineie ^rberry. 

B. vulgdris Thunb. 

7. creticalr. A Candia - 304 

The Cretan Berberry. 

B. erotica buxffdHa Toum. 

Variety - - 305 

2 serratifolia Potr. 

8. rratae'gina Dec. m Asia Minor 305 

The Crataegua-Iike Berberry. 

9. ddlds Sua. A S. America f. 51. 305 
The •wH'^lmited Berberry. 



CONTENTS* 



XXI 



10. beteropfa^ila Juu, « 8. Am. iJb2. 306 

The Tinooft-leaTed Berbeny. 

B. UieifiMA Font. 
B. cmspiddta Smith. 

11. rmpetrifblia Xaitf. A Chili - 306 

Tbe Empetrum-IemYed Berbeny. 

1^ fioribiiiida WaU. a Nepal - 306 

The maBy-flowered Berberry. 
B. ^ffTni*. 
B. ceratopk^Oa, 

IXuAticB Rot. m Nepal - 306 

TVe Asiatic Berberry. 
B. imetMa Lech. 
The Aatsm Berberry . 

14. dealbata LmdL m Mexico f. 35. 307 

The wbiCeoed-lraMif Berberry. 
B. gidmca Hort. 

15. axist^UL Dee. m Neral fig. 54. 307 

The bristie-tootked-ieaved Berberry. 
B. Chitria Buck. 
B. amgtutifhUa Roxb. 
B. mUmu DelC 

Appw L Additional Species of B^rberis. 308 



Pane 



B.Wa 



tmsOiMM. (f. S5.), B. iddAUa. 



B. ac* 



308 



n. MAUOrVIA Nutt. • * - 

The BCaboivia. 

B^rberif qfAmtkore. 
Odotthmon Baf . 

1. fesciculkris Dec. m N. Am. f. 56. 309 

The crovded-racrmrtf Mabonla. 
B^rberis |><widte Lee. 
B.fiueicmldris Pen. Cyc. 

t ^uifbliuin Au//. ^ N. Am. f. 57. 309 

Toe IloUy-Ieared MafaonU. 
B. Aquijblium Punh. 

Variety . - 309 

2 DutUna Dec. 

3. nenrdaa Ati//. « N. Amer. f. 58. 310 

The iienred-£rav^ Mahonla. 
B^rberU nervd$m Purih. 
M ak bm\j k ghtmdeea Dec. 
B^rberii ghumULcea Vea. Cyc. 

4. repens G. Don. & N. Amer. f. 59. 31 1 

The creeping-rooinf Bfahonia. 
BM>erU Atm^fbUum Uadl. 
B. ripent Pen. Cyc. 

App. L Additional Species of AfoA^ia. 31 1 

IL nepaKnrii, BcanthifbUa, iragacantholdet, and 
ragam^tRiiz. 



CmcidcecB. n. - 



312 

312 



L FELLA L.tt. . 
Tut VmiXA. 

1. Pseudo-CVtisus L. n. Spain f. 60. 312 

The Falie.Cytisns Crets-Bocfcet. 
V. hUegrifbUa Sal. 
Paux'&ftise, 
Siramchartige FeOe, Ger. 

App. L Other Crueiaceee. - SIS 
Chdrindios Ckeiri, C. C. frnticulftctts ; Vetlcirla 
Jlfuom arsfnteum. laxittte (f. 61.), 
; Jbirts Mmpenrlrens (f. 63.), sax- 
«oriAlia; Lflnldiam MibuUtuin, luflhiti- 
atfuMum mklbUam. 



Capparidace(B Lindl. ^ - 313 
L CAPPARIS L. ^ 

The Capsb BcfR. 

Capriett TapenieTt Tt. 
Capermtrauckt Ger. 
Caprioto^ Cappero^ Ital. 

1. spinosa Z/. ^ — J Levant - iif. 63. 314 

The ipined, or common^ Caper Bush. 
3. Fontan^'t Dec. Jt_j Barbary - 316 

DMfbBUtaiv't Caper Bolb. 
C.MMk/«D«f: 
CmfrUrmtal, Ft. 

C. •ftp** L«M., iMpaMmls 2)er., nammulkiia Aw., qnial. 
fkm fivr.. tunbell&ta A. Br., can*K«m Baniu, baMraeaB* 



tha XMc., 'ttac^pMUriW.."veSikamM« Dwr.. ^tOanT. 
dmjtl^filltm Btuch., tflcMiWiBiMT*., cortJUM BarcA., alM- 



trntica Airck., vwicCkta BttrcA., 

riiAi. 



Ok., aaltgna 



Cistdcece Lindl. - 316 
L C'ISTUS i. • «. BL _j ju - 317 

The Rock Rot b. 

HoUy Rostt Gerard. 
Gwn CittuM. 
CitU, Fr. 
Cisten Rosf, Ger. 

§ i. Erythroclstus Dec «- - 318 

1. piiq)ureus Lam. & Levant, f. 64. 318 

The porple-iloiMT^tf CUtus. 
C. eritictu Hort. Kew. 

2. heterophyllus 2>«^ «. Alg. f.65. 318 

The vaiious- leaved CUtas. 
The Cishu qf AlgisTM. 

3. parvifiorus I^m. n. Crete 

The imall-flowered Ciitus. 



319 
319 



4. complicatus Lam. s. Spain 

The oompUealed Clatua. 

5. villosus Zram. tt. S. Europe - 319 

The rilloui astut. 

C. %alvifoliui Hort. 

C. unduldifu Mcencb. 

C. n%i» mi(jort 4r<^., Duh. 

C. crMcus Hort. 

TTktf shrubby Gutef , Mart. MIU. 

Variety * . 319 

2 rotuncQioIius ti 

C. rotundi/hlHu Swt 

C. frOfttM /9 virAcens Dee. 

6. cr^ticus Z*. «. Levant fig. 66. 319 

The Cretan Clstut. 
L^donDlosc. 

7. inc^nus L. «. S. Europe fig. 67. 320 

The hoary CUtuf . 

C. dibidus Hort. 
C. cymdnu Dec. 
Ciste coUmnnuc, Fr. 
Bestaubte Cisten Rose, Ger. 

Variety n. - 321 

2 can^scens a. 

C. can/scens Swt. 
C. flMff Clus. 

C. fficdiMW var. fi Dec. 

8. undulatiis 2>ee. tt. - - 321 
The wKfed'leaved Cistus. 

C. erdtieus Swt., afterwards C. undmUUms 

Swt. 
? C. erieptu var. Don. 



xxu 



CONTENTS. 



9. crlspus L, tt. France 

The ouXe&'leaved CUtua. 



Page 

321 



321 



10. &lbicius L. «L France 

The white-feoved Cistut. 

1 1. candidissimus Dun, «. Canaries 322 

The wh\ie%i-leaved CUtus. 

12. vaginatus ^i/. tt. Tenerifie - 322 

The sheathed-pe<i'oZ»f Cistui. 
C. iffmjmytifbliut Lam. 
Ciste d Feuiliei de Consoude, Fr. 
Scheidenartige Cisttn Rose, Ger. 

13. serioeus VahL n. Spain . 322 

The tUkj-immd Ciatiu. 

H. hybridus Fahl, & Spain - 3S2 

The hybrid Cittus. 

15. cym6sus Dun, n. Spain - 322 

The cymote-Jlotpered CUtui. 
C. incdnui Sib. 

§ ii. hedonia. • «- «. _J ** 323 

16. «alviaefblius L, n. S. Europe 323 

The Sftge-leaved CUtui. 
C.fce^mina Clus. 
Citte d Fem'lles de Sauge, Fr. 
Salbey-bl'dttrige Cisten Ro»e, Ger. 

Varieties & - 323 

2 erectiiisculus Dec. n. 

3 ochroleiicus Dee. a. 

17. obtusifolius Swi, n. Spain - 323 

The obtuse-leaved Cistus. 

18. Cupaniajius Presl.o. Sicily - 324 
Cupanl'0 Cistus. 

Varidjfn. - - 324 

2 acutifolius n. 

The acute-leaTcd Cupani*a Cistus. 
C. acutifblhu Swt. 
C. uUvu^Ihu fi humifUttts Dec. 

1 9. corbari^nsis Pourr. n. 

The Corbi^res Cistus. 

C. •aivu^fWus Dec. 

C. Dopul^fblius mUtor, in tome nurseries. 

C. hgbridus Pourr., not of Vahl. 

20. florentlnus Lam. «. 
The Floroitlne Cistus. 



Spain 324 



21. monspeliensis L, m 
The Montpelier Cistus. 

22. platys^palus Swt. m 

The broaa-sepaled Cistus. 

23. L^on Lam. n. France 



Spain - 324 

S. Europe 324 

Crete - 325 



325 



Tbe LedoQ Ctotiu. 

C. muduUOuM Link. ' 
ۥ ladan(fkrui mamtptliAuI m m Bmuh. 
Ottf d* MomlfMer fmt iomm 4u Imdmutm, CUU de 
Ltdpm,¥r. 



24. hirsiitus Lam. m Spain 

The hairy Cistus. 

25. 5iderttis PresL ju Sicily 

The Irofiwart./UE» Clttas. 



26. Utus Ait. 



Spain 



The U)ane-Jlotetrtmg CiMiu. 
C. eaptntu L. 
Srhiittft CJjAra iltMv. U«r. 

1^. oblonpf()liu8 Stvt. m 

The obloug-lcaved Cistus. 



Spain 



325 



325 



325 



326 



pBlfe 

28. asperifolius Swt. a. - 326 
The rough-leaved Cistus. 

29. psiloskfpalus Swt. n. - 326 
The glabrous-sepaled Cistus. 

30. longifolius Lam. n. S. Europe 326 

The long-IeaTcd Ctetut. 
C. nigrictau Pourr. 
C. ^ofuUfbliut var. l<mg{fblbu Domoiit. 

31. oopulifdlius Zy. ft Spain - 326 
The Poplar-leaved Cistus. 

Variety tL - 326 

2 minor Dec. ■• 

Lidon lafffbUum, II., Clus. 
C. ■poptU^Jblius dar. 

32. latifolius Stot. «• —J Barbary - 327 

The broad-leaved Cittiu. 

C. popM/iytiUM var. nUfftr Dae 

33. /aurifOlius Lm. m Spain - 327 

The Laurel-leaved Cistus. 

34. cyprius Lam. m Greece - 327 

The Gum Cistus. 

C. ladanifcrut Dot. Mag. 
C. tUnopkifllHs Link. 
C. Mlic{/Mnu of some. 

35. ladanlferus L. m Spain - 328 

The Ladanum-bearing Gwn Cistus. 

Varieties m - - 328 

1 albiflorus Dec. m 

2 raaculatus Dec. a 

3 plcnifolius Dec. m 

36. Clusii Dunal. a. Spain - 328 

Clusius's Cistus. 

C. hibandti* /3 Lain. 
C. unduUJut Link. 
Lidon, vli., Clus. 

IL HELIA'NTHEMUM Tottm. ii-J 

«-»-> «.— J ju t.-»J 317. 328 
Tub IlfiLiAirruKMUM, or Sun Hose. 
CUti tp. L. 
HettantMeme Sonnen Ourtcl, Ger. 

§ i. HaUmium Dec. m \ n, m. | 329 

1. Xibanotis WUld. «. i Spain 329 

The Rosemary-^areef ifeUanthemum. 
Cis/M L&anbrts L. 
//. xosmarini^tium Lag. 
IMon, vlii., Clus. 
Ciste a Feuiliei de RosmaHn, Fr. 

2. umbellatum Mill. «. _j S. Eur. 329 

The umbellate->Ioi/t<rr^ Helianthemum. 
Cistus umbeUdtum. L. 
Cistus L.ibandtis of some. 

Varieties «. | 330 

2 erectum Dec. «. | 

3 subdeciimbens Dee. ■■ .-J 

3. ocymoJdes Pers. «. __j Spain 330 

The Basil-like Helianthemum. 
C/«/ta ocymoldes Lam. 
Cistus tampsuciJfWus Cav. 

4. alyssoldes Vent. «. _] Spain 330 

The Abwum-like IlcUanthcniuiB. 
Ostm a <y iiii JM •Lam. 

5. rugosum 2>tm« «. 1 Portugal 3^ 

The wrinkled-lMvotf HSanthemuro. 



CONTENTS. 



XXUl 



fi. micropli^num Swi, m. France 330 

TUe small-lcaTed HeUantbemmn. 

H. rmgdrum fi micropkCamm Dec. Prod. 
U. sfyuoldrs fi microph^Uum Dec Fl. Fr. 

l.scabrosumPers.JBt Port. f. 68. 331 

The rough HeUantheMiim. 
Cistus seabrttms Ait. 

S. algan-^nse Dun, «. _j Portugal 331 

Toe Algarve .HeUenthemum. 

Clsna 0l§anfhui$ Bot. Mag. 

9. formosum Dun^ m \ Portug. 331 

Tbe bwwtlftil HeUantbanuiD. 
atin*,fiKrmi>9tu Bot. Mag. 



10. otriplicifollum WtUd. m. 

H TfaMm— * HdiamhMmm. 
CUtma atrifS/^fUhu Lam. 



Spain 332 



n. kaanthum Per*, n. .^ Spain 332 

fYiTw* ririiif«H>> Lun* 

12. inroIucTatum Per$, n. _j Spain 332 

ThmiarwniumtBi-JUmftrtd H*Mlllwnwin. 
Ctatm imnbierdtuB Lun. 

13. cbdranthoides Pert, n, -J Port, 332 

Tbe Wallflower- like HeUantbemmn. 
CistuM ckeiranH^iUk* Lam. 
CUtut ehngihu VahL 
CisAtf hahmQbUHS^ il., CIus. 

14. cdndidum Swt. ^ Spain 332 
The white-i^oeed Heliantbemum. 

15. i^alimifbliom WiUd. jm ^ Spain 333 

Tbe Sea-Purslane-leared HeUantbemtun. 
CUtus haHmifoUtu L. 
dtttuJbUo HdUmi, 1., Ous. 

{ iL i>cAeoldes Dee, cl & lJ s. _J 333 
IfiL eomnbosum Michr. n. — \ Mexico 333 

17. domeratiun X<a^. s. — i Mex. f. 69. 333 

The f^cKoeni^'fiowtrtd Helianthemum. 
ChHm glomeruHu Lag. Gen. 

1& brasiliense Pert. m. ^ Brazil f. 70. 334 

The Brazilian Helianthemum. 
dttm bratiliSntit Lam. 
Cictac aittmifdlint VahL 

0<&er Speciet hdanging to thit Division of 

XecAeoides. - - 334 

H. ^olfgalcfdlium Swt. ft. i_J, istylum 3f<}c. r/ 
Setag, trip^talum Hoc. et Setse, obcordltimi Moc. 
ttSe$»€. 

§ iiL Tubcr^ia Dee. n. 334 

19. ligndsum Swt. & S.Europe f.71. 334 

The woody HcUaathennim. 



$ IT. Eriocdrpum Dec. n. n. 
90. Lippii Pen. ft. — I Egypt 



335 
335 






21. sessilifloruin Pert. ft. -J N. Africa 335 

> «n»Uc-fl(r»ci«d HdUaothcnwn. 
UsimamdllfbrmtDmt. 



S2. kabiricum iM. «. _j Egjpt 
CMw MpmUtmati Fonk. 



335 



§ V. Fum^na Z>ec. ft. — J JU _J 385 

23. Fumdna Mill. ft. France f. 72. 336 

The Fumana Helianthemum. 
CAttus Fumilna L. 

Cistus kianiUt^ sen ChanuecUtsu Eric4e 
/diio Hiteus ericHor, Baoh. 

Varieties ft. - . 336 

2 major Dee. ft. 

2 minor Dec. ft. 

3 Tirguta Dec. ft. 

24. procumben8 2>jm. JU ^ S. Europe 336 

The procumbent Heaih-Uke Helianthemum. 

Cistus hitmiiis, sivr Chama-ciUus Krlc<r 
JhUo kumitior, Magn. Bot. 

25. arabicum Pert. %^ —J Arabia 336 

The Arabian Helianthemum. 
Ctstus ardbi'eus E. 
Cistus ferrughicus Lam. 
Cistus Sdvi Bertol. 
H. visciduium Stev. 

26. ke'vipes Willd. ft. _j Spain - 336 

The smooth'pedunclcd Helianthemum. 
Cm/im ue'vtpes L. 

27. l»Ve Per#. s. _J Spain - 337 

The tmooth HelUnthaniUD. 
Cftttu WvU Ca». 

28. viridc Tenore n. I Sicily - 337 

Th* gimn.tcav€d HeUanthcnram. 



29. junip^rinum iMg. «. — i S. Europe 337 

The Janiper-lJke Hellanthemain. 
CMu4 la'vipm Durand. 
CMua mamitameus Thlb. 

30. Barrel i^ri Tenore. «• _ 

The Barrtlkr's HdianUicaiain. 



Italy - 337 



31. /hymifolium Pert. t> ^ Spain .337 
The Thyme-leaved UellMnthemum. 
Cistus thyinifdlius L. 
U. glutindsum /3 Dec. 



32. glutinosum Pert. ^ i S[)ain 

The clammy Helianthemum. 
Cistus gUUmdsus L. 



337 



§ vi. Pteudo-Cistut Dec. «.-_J JU JU lJ 338 

33. molle Pert. n. % ' Spain - 338 

The tott-ieaved Helianthcmuin. 
Ctstut wuiUiM Car. 

34. origanifolium Pert. %^ — I Spain 338 

The Maijoram-lcaTcd Helianthemum. 
Cithu wig m mi Toiit* Lam. 

35. dich6tomum Dunal, JU | Spain 338 

The dichotomous-frroiicAri/ Helianthemum. 

Cistus dichdtomtts Car. 

36. celAndicum Dec. t^ Europe • 338 

The OEland Helianthemum. 
Cistus trltindicus L. 
Chanuecistus,li.t Clus. 

37. pulchellum Swt. t. Germany 339 
The neat Helianthemum. 

//. aipt'stre Spreng. 



38. alpestre Dunal. t^ S. Europe 339 

The Alpine Helianthemum. 
Cistus aipi^strt's Crantz. 
Cistus teitlndicus Jacq. 

Varieties 1^ - - 339 

glabratum Dec. f^ 
elongatum Dee. %, 
canesccns Dee. %^ 



XXIV 



CONTENTS. 



Pago 

39. penicilldtum Thib. u France - 3S9 

The ptooUlad HaUanthMnuai. 
CMut tehiOldm Lsm. 
CUlm* dmglieut L. 

40. oboritum DwmsL %^ \ Sptin - 339 



CatrntUmauh, 



41. itiUieum Per$. %^ _j Italy 

Ttaa IlaUan HcUantfacman. 
V,abu Udllau L. 
CUlua marifbUmM m/A. 

Varieties t, -J 
ftrlgbmm Dee. !«. | 

canaidlMimum Dee. fm. _J 
filbidum Dec. %^ ^ 

42. vine^le Pert, i* Germany 

The Vineymrd Hdianthcmum. 
Cittms vmeilityf md. 



339 



339 



340 



48. c^um Dunal, l« _J S. Europe 340 

The hoary Hellanthflmum 
CiffKf canui L. 
OumuKiUtu, Ui., Clu$. 

44. marifolium Dtc, ^ France - 340 

Tbt Manini'lMTed HcUantbnimm. 
CiabunmifblbuL. 

45. crMBifdHum Per$, «. —J Spain - 340 

The thick-lMTtd HelUntlMmimi. 
Cidua gUuuuM Daaf. 

46. muiiculitum Dunal, & — I 

Tha panldcdt/loMwrerf Hirilanthcmam. 
xiMM m«r<rMiM Thib. 
CMm tuMMmlArtef wr. Lag. 
0. «p. ntaa Schouv. 

§ Til Enhelianthemum Dec. Jk U n.^ 340 

47. laTandularfolium 2)ec. m. France 341 



Spain 340 



The X<aTcnd*r4«aTv<1 Ile'laaUianiiin. 
CMm lmtM»duhtf'<Blliu Lat. 

FatietieM «. 

STTiacuin Dm. fli 

CMm Mfrtaatf Jaof. 

Thnwddt Pers. b. 

CMm rwcwiteiM Car. 



341 



48. JlflMhadifi^um Art. s. Spain 341 

Hit Frcneh-LaTcndcr.l«iT«d HeUanthamnm. 
CMm itec*a4i(fitf M Brot. 

49. croceum Pan, u —J Spain - 341 

The Saffron'ColouTeA-Jlotperai Helianthemum. 
CUtus crbcem Desf. 

VarietieM - - 341 

50. Anderadnt Swt. & Hybrid - 342 

Anderson'i Helianthemum. 

51. nudica{i1e Dunal. t^ — I Spain - 342 

Tha nakad'ttammad Hattanthcmuni. 

52. elaucum Pres, n. ^ Spain - 342 
The glaucom HeUanthemum. 

Ci$tu$ gtaieui Car. 

Varieties u. - 34S 

acuti6acu]um Dec, a. 
obtusi&sculum Dee, s. 

53. tomentdsmn Dunal, ft. France 342 

The tomentose HeUanthemum. 

54b barbitum Pen, a. S. Europe 343 

The hearded-rocsrmetf HeUanthemum. 
CUtua barUthu Lam. 

55. leptoph^Uum Dunal, t. —J Spain 343 
TH dender-leared HeUanthemum. 
Cietui m»guttif6lnu hut. 
CUtui %tmtkmi^fiMm Hort. 



56. acuminatum Pen. n, France - 348 

Tha acunalnaaad KaHaBttaaonwi. 
(!Mm vernltifMmM Balb. 
Ctatut aewmdnttm NW. 

57. ferpyllifblium MiU, ft. S. Europe 343 

The Wnd-Thyme-Ieared HeUanthemum. 
Ciitm •erppOtfdUme L. 

58. vulgare Geert, t, Britain - 343 

The common Hdianthemum. 
Cittug Helidnike mum L. 

Varieties - • 344 

Double-flowered. 
Lee*s new double yeUoww 
Tomentose pubcioent bfanebeiy 

Dec, 
Branches glabooui at the base, 

Dec. 

59. surrejanum Mill, ft. England 944 

The Surrey Helianthemum. 
Cistui iurr^inue L. 



60. ovHtum DunaL ft. Omera 

Tba oTsie^MMtf HfUanthaaum. 
Cf&hu ovtOmt ViT. 



344 



61. grandiflorum Dec. ft. Pyreneea S44 

The large-flowered Helianthemum. 
Cuius grand(fldru9 Scop. 



62. obscikrum Pere.t^ S. Europe - 

The obtnire HaUaothemom. 
H. oh$eknm a Dae 



63. tauricum Fitch, ft. Tauria - 

The Taurian Helianthemum. 

64. liicidum Horn, ft« 

Tha •hlninR-/aatM( HaliaaUMmaiB. 

65. nummularium Mill. ft. France 

The MoneyworUleaved HeUanthemum. 
CUtu* nummulitrhu m L. 
H. obsckrum fi nmmmUitrimm Doe. 
B. a$tguitifbltum Hort. 

66. angusti folium Pen, ft. Cyprus 

Tha nanrow.IcaTcd Hellanthamtun. 



344 



345 



345 



345 



345 



Ctshu angtutifblim Jacq. 
? H. nmmtmmtarimm T 



Dae. 



67. hfrtum Pen, iu 



The hairy Helianthemum. 
Cistui hirtu* L. 



Spain - 345 



Varieties U - • 346 

tue'ticum Dec. ft. 
atkreum Dec. ft. 
teretUbUum Dec. ft. 

68. Lagdsc^e Dunal. ft. ^ Spain 346 

LaGaacaS Halianthcmum. 
H. kirlum v«r. Lag. 

69. vioUceum Ptrs. ft. ^ Spain • 346 

Tha Vlolat-coloaTed.M(yx«rf HaUanthanmm. 
CMm TfaiBcwM Cut. 

70. racemdsum Dunal. n. -J Spain - 346 

The rscemote-Jlotpered HeUanthemum. 
Cistus raeemdsus h. 



71, farinosum ScoL 

Tha maaly l^ aat dt R 
B. 



Spain 



72. strictum Pers. s. -J Spain 

Tte«UBij|bt.*nMcM lyuatf 

CZffMiMMMCRV 



• 346 



• 346 



CONTENTS. 



XXV 



73. pOosum Persn ft.. Fnnce 

The pflow HeliantlMmiiii. 



Pan* 
- 346 



Ckmm^titfut, It^ Clot. 

FmrktiuU - - 346 

With MitMi Iwww, hoary, Dec. f^ 
With UoMTleaTM. oblong and shining, 

D€€.U 



74. fineare Pen. U ^ Spain 

The linear-Ziraverf Hdianthemum. 
Ci«<w Mk^tm Cbv. 



FamttetaL 
aUMteoBlVc. 



- 347 

. 347 

- 347 



71. apcnniniun Dec U 8. Europe 

Clclw annMlMM L. 
Ciitaf MqsAfw /} Lam. 

Le«TM broad and flattiita, Dier. ft« 
Leavef linear and narrow, Dee. ftw 

France 



347 



- 347 



n. faispidoiil 2>wudl 



- 347 




/9 tiOMIDa 



7B. pulTeruleDtum i>ec. ft« France 348 

The powdered-letfveif Bdiantbemion. 
Visimj^mtrentUiUm¥wa. 
Cistmt fol^fMM ' 



79L macrinthimi Swi. ft. - - 346 
The large-flowered Hdhmtheramn. 

Fariet^U - - 348 

2 miiltiplex 5ip<. ft. 

8a rhod&nlhuni DimaiL t — I Spain 348 



dtiut Tdtetu Jaeq. 

GMae ei««««iM&&, fimaer^in the Royal 

Botanic fiarnen,fturia. 
Ottm pilmiyitnuThSb. 

rarieiiett. - - 348 

oWongimium Dm. ft« 
■ulriiinOtum Dee. %>. 
ckmeam Dec. %^ 

81. canesceDB Swt, ft. ^ Spain - 349 

The caneecent-iraeed Hella&thcmam. 

%I2, coTkfasuni Swt,t^ France 349 

The confuaed HeUantheaBUDi. 
H.pob'ObliumDec. 

83. knceolatum Swt. ft. Hybrid 349 
Thalanc<^elaie ttnnt Hdianthrnnan. 

84. solniolium Pert. ft. England 349 
The FoUuBB-leaved Hdianthcmom. 

85. mut&bile Pm. ft. -J Spain - 350 
The cbaoccable-«olo«mf-/ot0ereif Hellanthe- 



- 350 



Clrt— laal dN W f Jaaq. 

FariHUBlU 

WtthwUte Bowertaft. 

With imdler ftBwcn of a roie red. ft. 

With double roae-coloured flower*, ft. 



86. variegatum Siat. ft* Hybrid 350 
The variegated Helianthemunu 

87. versicolor SwL «. S. Europe 350 

The variout- crf o or ed HeHanthemino. 

88. sulphureum Wilid. t — i Spdn 351 

Tlie iukphuT'Cokmr-Jlowend Hdi an ft e m u m. 

89. stramineum ^u;^ ft. H^'brid 351 

The UrvK-cokmr-Jlovertd Uellanttaemum. 

FarieiyU - - 351 

2 multiplex Swt, ft. 

90. diversifolium iS>ti;/. ■■ - 351 
The Tarioiu-leaved Heliantiiemiini. 

Farietym. - • 351 

2 miiltipJex m. 

91. erios^palon Swt. ft. S. Europe 351 

The woolly-cqpaled HeHanlheiuiim. 

92. roseum Dec. ft. S. Europe 352 
The Bou^aOouT-flowered Heliantlwinuni. 

Cishu riaeuM AH. 

Variety %. - - 352 

2 multiplex Swt. t. 



93. foe'tidum Pen, ft. Hybrid 

Tta* fMd HcUanthMttttm. 
CUtwift^tUmJnon. 



- 352 



94. AvMopifoIium Tenore. % — I Italy 352 
The Hywop-leaTed HeliaDthemnni. 

VoHetiniu, - - 352 

1 crocatum SwL ft. 

2 cupreum Swt. ft. 

3 multiplex Swt, ft. fig. 75. 

95. cupreum Swt. ft. Hybrid - 353 
The cagi^mt'colomr-jlowerei HeUtaHhamom. 

96. venustum Swt. ft. - - 353 
The luuidMnne HeHanthennnn. 

97. MnieriSwt.ft. Hybrid. - 353 

Miller's HelianUiemum. 

98. OTajbran«f61ium Dec. & SL Einope 353 

The U»t^oniaAs»ymA. UattanOinBiini. 
B. m. var. m Dtr. 

99. hirsiitum Dec. ft. Pyrenees - 353 

The hairy Hdlmhefnum. 

C(ttu$ An-nrtMLapiyr.* net ( 



m. HUDSaN/// L. ft _l 317. 354 

Thb HcoaoKiA. 

1. rricoidesi*. «- _j N. Am. fig. 76. 354 

The Heath-like Hudsonia. 



2. [7 e.] NuttAUt Swt. 

Ntttull'A RndionU. 

U. «riciMU§ Nutt. 



N. Anwrica S54 



3. [? e.] tomentoaa Xuti. n, -J K. America' 

354 

b 



xxvi 



CONTENTS. 



PolyffoldceiB, •i-J «. - s55 

1. A>Keala Chanuebixus L. «• Europe 

fig. 77. 356 

The Dwarf Box PoIyifaU, or Boi-teaved MWcwort. 

ffalf-harcfyPoiyffaku. mi_j - 356 

F. oppeiitifblia L. m y \ 

P.mrrtUHim. m I I 

p. gnndifldra JMif. A | 

P. bractaoUta L. H | | 

P. qiacltea Bat. Man. m i I 
P. attcniUta LorfiL H ■ J 



PittospordcetB. • uJ t. uJ 3^^ 

I. BILLARDIE'R^ Sm. i. uJ - 356 

Tkb BiLLAKotaRA. Or Afftg Oerrjf. 

1. longiflora LabilL t. lJ V. D. L. £ 79. 357 

The long-flowerad BOIaidlen. 

2. ovilis LindL i. lJ V. DicmenV L. 357 

The aml-itttved Billardien. 

3. mutibilis JET. JT. i. lJ N. & W. f. 80. 357 

The Ghanffeable^afoiirtiii^/Iafvcnd BUlardlen. 

II. SCLLY.^ Lindl. t uJ - 357 

Tbb Soixva. 

BUiariUn, in am aptdtt. 

1. heterophyUa Lindl. i. lJ N. H. f. 81. 357 

The T8rioiu-Ie8T«d Sollja. 

2. angustifolia Lindl t. Lj V. D. L. 358 

TbeBam>w.lea««d HalWa. 

UUttrdUnfiuifitnidt Lab. 

III. PITT(ySPORUM Banks, t lJ 538 

Tita Prrmenwra. 

1. Tobira Ait ii uJ China fig. 83. 358 

The ToUn PIttaipnrain. 

Euifmjfmuu TtMn Tkmmb. 
P. dUmMiis Donn. 
TMm J aptt m § , Vr. 



Oct. 

2. undulatum m i_j China fig. 83. 358 

The undnlated-iMiwrf Ptttoapomm. 

App. I Other Species of PiUospomm, •i-J 35» 

p. reToidtmn >ltf. H jt 
P. tomcntdeum Bom^ g| ^_j 
P. fblrara Rttige. H il 
P. Mitum vniU. m. I I 
P. cftocirpnm. H i_j 

App. I. Pittosporacea probaUtf half-hardy. 

ftL-1 . - - 359 

Scnibcia iMfMUfoaU Ow. H | |, Bontela iptaiAaa Cee. ft i I . 

Chdramhtea linelutte UmH. 



CaryophyUAcecB. 



359 



]. Di&nthus Caryophyllus var. fruticosus 
Hort, t* - - - 359 

The ihnibby Clore Ptak. 

Other euffrvticoK evergreen CmyophyUdeea. 

1. - - 359 

Dlinthw arbAtcQla Bet. lUg. JU» aifiteciu L. %^ fig. 84.« 
flrBtto6eaa L. f^ mfthitiebaM W. %^ 

8ll*ne flnitlotea L. 1^ 
Anntela TertleillAta IT. p. 



IjindcecB. 



n. fL 



i_J - 



Page 
S60 



Unnin attitoeain L. i 
L. tadrfcum fV. |l 
L. MltolflMes tMm. tt. 
'<. wffrutidksnin. & 



lJ *«•»*»• 



'M.alvdcecB, 



I. LAVA'TER^ L. ? ft 

Thb Lavatbba, er TVw Manoir. 
LavaUf^t Vt. and Uer. 



362 
360 



1. maritima Gouan * I France f. 87. 360 

The Ma-d^-MkeMtfiw Lavatenu 
L. kUpdnlca Mill. 
L. rahHul{/Mto Lam. 



2. triloba £«• — \ m Spain 

The three-lobed-lMtied lAvaleni. 

3. suboY^ta Dee. m Morocco 

The mbovate-fasverf LaTatera. 



4. afiricana Cav, ^ — I 

The African Lavatera. 

L. kHpida mr. WHId. 



N. Africa 



36> 



361 



361 



Other Species of LavdterHy likely to prove 
half-hardy. • —J - 361 

J:» FMbdo-OnbUPon-. ft | 

L. phamlcea Vent. 



L. onwa L. m I 

L. onguicalAta iS^. ft 
L. hlqrfda Xte^. ft _J 



IL HIBISCUS L. I 

Thb Hibiscus. 

Keimte, Pr, 
EHUach, 6er. 



360,361 



I. syriacus L. ■ Syria - fig. 88. 362 

The Syrian Hibltcui. 

AUtuea Frmtex. 
Ketmie des Jardim.Tr. 
SyriMcher EtbUck^ Oer. 

Varieties A - 362 

2 foliis varieg&tLi a 

3 flore variegato a 

4 flore purpureo ft 

5 flore purpikreo-pldno A 

6 flore ri^bro ft 

7 flore 41bo ft 

8 flore albo-pl^DO ft 

App. I. Other ligneous Plants of the Order 
Mo/o^cee, which will probably be found 
hardy or half -hardy. tLtZI - - 363 



Mda pulchtila BmfL 0.0 H'^' 
AMttiioa paUMtMnBoC. MaR. 



SterculiacecB. JuJ - 633 

StercMia platanifdlia i^. t «-J fig. 90. 
t lJ 



8. lanoaalMa Co*. 
8. dlTentfblla 6 

8. peltiita 6. Dm. 



CONTENTS. 



XXVU 



TUidce^ LindL t - 364 

L 7TLIA L. ? - - 364 

Tai LiMX Tbmb. 

JUme Tree, Oerard. 
Limdt Anglo-Sax. 
THiemL, Fr. 

Lmde, Ger. and Dutch. 
2%lw, Ital. 

I oiropae^a L. f Europe pi. 14, 15. 364 

The Earopeaa, or eomimtm, lime Tree. 
T. mtermSdia Doa. 
T. y^par fc Hayne. 
T. europm'a kmriUi WaliL 

VarietiM.Ji 

2 mierophTlIa - - S64 

The fman-leared European Lime 

Tree. 
T. nUervpkMa 'Wfaatt. 
T. e. war yX. 
T. uimirdLi Scop. 
T. 9yh4»tri» Detf. 
T. parwifdiia Bhrh. 
T. eord&a MUl. 
TiUeui a peiUes FeniUca, Fr. 
Kieinbattrige Lmde, Wmlerlnuk, 

Ger. 



T. parriAlia gla^ca Hort. ^ 



865 



. pL 16. 365 
European Lime 



3 platyphylla It 
The broad-leaved 

Tree. 
T. piatmk^Ua Scop. 
T.coraOiUaBeM. 
T. europaf*'a Desf. 
T. gramdifhUa Ehrfa. 
Braad-letned dovmg Lime Tree. 
Taieul A gremdea FeuOlee, TUieul 

deHoOamde, Ft. 

4 rikbn S - - 365 
The red-^tt^rd Eoropean Lime 

Tree. 

T. lr<J»rfl Fuer. 
T. corMAUKa Bote. 
T. cordUina Hort. Kew. 
T. europtt\i fi H^a Sibihorp. 
T. europoTa y Smith Fl. Brit. 
T. gran^fidira fi Smith Eng. Flor. 



pL 17. 366 
European Lime 



5 hciniata 

The cf A -ieawed 
Tree. 
T. fl^gphfUa lacMiLia Hort. 

6 a{irea !e - pi. 18. 366 
The go)den-#i9^«d European Lime 

Tree. 

7 pbityphylla aiirea ^ - 366 
ThegoMen-#v<K£d broad-leared Bu^ 

ropean LlmeTree. 



8 dasyfltyU S - - 

The hairy-ttyled European 
Tree 
T. da$^*tifla Steven. 



366 
Lime 



366 



Qiher FarieHeM 
With variegated Leaves. 
r. a ffdeniffdlia ndva BoU. Cat., a sub- 
var. of e. laciniilta. 
e. a6rea, a new var. of, Bmtm. 
e. rubkatfUi Au. Gard. Attt. 



2. (eur.) &lba WaldtL et Kit. $ Hungary 

pi. 19. 372 

Hie whlte-lMMid BuroMan Lime Tkee. 
T. a$nericdna Du Roi. 
T. MTghUea Desf. 
T. rohmdifhlia Vent. 
T. toinmlMa Moench. 

r Vorieiy 5 - - - gya 

pctlottilt Ok. *f 

3. americana L. 1 North America 

pi. 20. 372 

The American Lime Tree. 
T. gldibra Vent. 
T. caroUnidna Wangenh. 
T canaddnna Michx. 
7^ tmootM4taved, or biadt, JUme Tree, 
and Brata Wood, Amer. 

VarieHtt. 

2 laxiflora 5 - 374 

The looae-^ymed-ilowered American 
Lime Tree. 
T. laxi^a Hiehz. 

. 3 pub^scens S - pi. 23. 374 
The pubescent-i^aetfd American 
Lime Tree. 
T. pub^acena Hort. Kew. 
T. caroUnidna Mill. 
T. ameriodna Walt 

4 pub^sceni leptoph^lla ^ - 875 
Th« thln.lcATed pubcKcnrAnMrican Lime 

Tree. 
T. pmMntna InhtpMOa VoDt. 
T. mististippHuU jSat. 

5 heteropbylla S - 375 

The variout-leaved Americen Llme- 
Tree. 
T. keterophuUa Vent. 
T. diha MIdbx. 
Tke White Lime. 

App. i. Doubtftd Varieties of TUia europeta 
and americana. - - 1 76 

T. platyphylla vdra, T. p. minor, T. praB\»x, T. eiti- 
f^lia, T. Iaxifl6ra - - - 



I^ig6ia. 



microphf 11a, and T. pub^iceni 



App. I. Other Species belonging to the Order 
TiHdcew. ftO «i-J - 376 



Ortvia L. • O • L-J 
oppositifblla lUtab. 

didynuu ^ 
blloba O. JDdm. tk 
ocddcntidia 1.. il 
jwpallftUa Vahl. i 
p^uuM Bunt* ^" 
vdmtaia Vahl. * 
cchlnoUU DeliU. 



•□ 



TemstrimiVLcedSi. 5t*Lj 376 

Sect. I. Hardy and half-hardy ligneous Plants 
belonging to the 7Vt5e Gordonieae. 376 

L MALACHODE'NDRONCflv.-t 377 

Thb Malacuodbndbon. 
StudrAA VH^it. 
SteiodrAA L. 

1. ov^tum Cav, i N. Am. fig. 91. 377 

The ovate-2raertf Malachodendron. 
Studrti\pentagSnia L'Hcrit. 
Stew6rt\A Maiackodt-ndron. 
Stevartia d cinq Styles, Fr. 

b2 



X^WTill 



CONT£NT8. 



XL STUATIT/-4 Cav. • - 377, 37? 

Trb Stuartia. 

1. viiginicaOsv.* N. America f.9S. 378 

The Virginian Stuartia. 

StcwdrUB, MakukodtmOrom L. 
Studrti^ mariUuuUem Bot. Rep. 
Sttwartia i u» Style, Fr. 
SingriffUcke {one^rtyUd) StmorUe, Ger. 

III. OORIWN/J Ellis. T t 377, 378 
THb Gobdonia. 

1. Lasi&nthus L. t N. Am. fig. 93. 379 

The wooUy-flowered Gordoni^ or LobioUy Bay. 
Hy ptrieu m LtuftbUkm L. 
Gordonia d FeuOlet gUbret, Aide de la 

Floride, Ft. 
LangsUel^ge Qordonie, G«r. 

2. pub^cens Ph. S Georgia f. 94. 380 

The pubetcent Gordonia. 
Laeatkiajl^rida Sal. 
FrankUnim am e r iedna Manh. 
The FranUmia, Amer. 
Behamrte Gordomiet Ger. 

VarietUM - - 380 

vdutiiia Dee. 

G,oub(acen$t,*^iT. 
subglabra Dec. 

a. FrdmkIM L*H£r. 

JPWwIrgMU Alhatamfcha Monk. 

9oct. II. Bdrdjf and half'hardy hgneont 
FlaMB belonging to the Tribe CamdR^w. 
ilLj . . - - 381 

1. CA^KLLTA L. • i-» - 381 

Ths Cambllia. 

The Jtnfon Bote. 

Cameluert Rote du Japan, et de la 

CMne,TT. 
CameUiet Ger. 



1. jfipdnica L.^^^ Japan fig. 95. 382 

The Jananete Camellia, or Red Hngte-Jlowered 
Ca meuia . 

VtMtiettts* 
Chinese te general CuMvaiion. 



2 Tariegita BoL Rep, * lJ 

3 incamata Bot. Beg, * lJ 

4 wSbtk plena Bot, Bep, ^i^ 

5 fimbriiu Lodd, '^ uJ 

6 riibra pldna Bot. Bep, *i-J 

7 onemoneflora * lJ fig. 96. 

8 crainn^nrii Lodd. ^ lJ 

9 myrtifdlia Bot. Mag. * lJ 

10 involiita Bot. Beg. *lJ 

11 ▼ari*bm««i_J 

18 PkmmiHiia Bot. Reg. i^t-J 

SmbfMnieties iiLj 

MeonMc^fdra rdcea li l_J 

£ll>a«i_r 
piUlda«uJ 
18 semMapIeK J9M. Rep. m lJ 

14 iitro-rubeiu Bot. Cab. *i_J 

15 Welb^nknCfaandl. ULAi. 

tkttie dthjcant Bol. Rar> 
JIavUoens. 

16 rosea Don** MiB. ^lJ 



983 



Pace 

17 speciosa HorL Trans. * uJ 

C. itatreriina fiStrrl. 

18 cimea Bot. R^. M \^ 

19 imbricdta Hort. TVosu.* uJ 
SO P&rksit Hort. Trans. '^uJ 
81 Sabini^iMi Hort Trana. M i_J 

Chinese and other Foreign Fatieties 

not in general CuUivaUon, bmi in 

all probability as hardy as the 

others, ft uJ - 886 

28 candidiuima M ij 

83 Donklier^ m |_J 

24 francofiirttosii ft i_J 

25 h^brida Mahoy. ft lJ 

Other Names Qf Foreign Varieties. 
ft ^J - 88$ 

Ufpintm, OttBoaU* PfaMjAaa* vlolkow ■■• 

pfrba. 
TIm Mmidoahle vblto, Oi* Nw.ooloand 

waratah* tacsangultote. 

Varieties originated in Britain. 

86 cor&mna Chandl. ft lJ 

87 exUnia ChandL ft |_J 

88 WUtontf Chandl. ft i_l 

89 Chindleri Chandl. ft i_J 

wnvcolo^ Bot. Reft. 

30 fldre-41bo Chandl. ft lJ 

31 <ilthae«fl6ra Chandl. ft lJ 

38 anemonefldra &lba Chandl. ft |_J 
33 Wo6dMfi' Chandl. ft |_J 

84 punctilta Chandl. ft i^ 
36 tlegani Chandl. ft lJ 
36 fldrida Chandl. ft lJ 
87 rdsea ChandL ft \^ 

38 ecllptii Chandl. ft uJ 

39 inilgnia Chandl. ft i_J 

40 &lba lemidaplex Chandl. ft i_J 

41 concinna Chandl. ft lJ 

43 splgndeni Chandl. ft uJ 

48 iSdia sinensis Zodd. ft lJ 

44 R6tt/^ ChandL ft lJ 

45 Alton/ Chandl. ft uJ 

46 eptom^niis Chandl. ft lJ 

47 ColvlUi- 8wt. ft lJ 

48 Sweet/aiM Swt. ftuJ 

49 Knight// Lodd. ft iJ 

50 Adta mtindi Don's MiU. ft lJ 

51 Pr#sn'i Don's MUl. ft lJ 
58 rdbro-punctita ft lJ 

53 Elphinston/aiM ft i^ " 

54 single-striped and dotted ft \^ 

55 a«ict(*tffblia HorL Brit. ftuJ 

56 exptoia Hort. Brit, ft uJ 
67 8iistoB0 Card. Mag. ft i_J 

58 Mirthtf Card. Mag. ft i^ 

59 WadieiiM GardjSag. ft uJ 

Varieties mentioned in Gard. Mag. 
i9ithout any Description beHur 
given. • 8^ 

CUtcAn^ ognspCcM, daotea, ntac«|ia, n». 
tnmUAIurn^MVt, RmtMT loiwiAUa, 
DanMi, pfadvU, AUntttta AIIm, mipSba. 

2. reticulata Lindl, ft U China - 389 

The reticulato>fecf«tf CamelUa, or Capt. Raves' s 
Camellia. 

3. malifl6raJLOT<i/.fti-J China f.97.890 

The Apide-MatMMi»>llow«red Cameliia. 
C. Sas&nqna Bot. Mag. 
C. Sasdnqma rdsea Hort. 
Pakner*s double Sasanqua. 

4. SatdnquaThunh.miJ China f.98. 390 
Sasanqua, or Lady Banks's, Camrilia. 

Sasdtsqua titBmpt. 
CAo-iMa, Chiaeia. 

5. Kfsti WaU. • tJ Nepal fig. 99. 390 

The Kisd Camellia. 

C. Meina HaaU. MSf. 



CONTENTS. 



6. oldferm Abe!, iii-i Gocliiii.Chiiia 

fig. 100. 391 



7. eorySdes Lmit, « lJ China 

fig. 101. 391 

The Eury^-Uke Cmellte. 

Boolli. 



381.392 



L firidis L. t^'^ China - fig. 102. 393 
TW tiuw — tf ii, or flpneeo, Tra. 

T. j:^«Au<v Stmt. 

T. ckmhuiM mm*. • virWt Dec. 

Cmmfmm wMdiB Link. 

Thte 



TvB Tba 



t Bo&^a L« « lJ China fig. 103. 393 

The Bobea. or timck, Tca. 

T. dUmhmisfiBchlA Smmt. 



1 codiindiiD^niis Lour. iiL_J Cochin- 
Chioa - - 395 



1 oJeoM L4mr, iii-J China 395 

AwHcipafed Tenutrifoiiibee. ? ii uJ . 395 





^tcronfuioeep. 


iiU 


m 


395 


L CITRUS »uJ 


fig. 


104. 


395 


a LIMO'NIA m i_J 


■• 




396 




uiairaM. 









'Qypericdcem Lindl. 362 



- 397 



L ilYPE'RICUM L.A Mm 

J«4j ^—1 tLLJ tL_J 

TttB St. John's Wobt. 

FmgaDmmomtm. 
Mule Pertmit, Fr. 
JokammtMknmi, Ger. 



§. L AMyr^ Chois. . 398 



1. diUniD ittL A N. America 398 

The taU 8ft. Jolia*i Wort. 

2. hircinum L, m Mediterranean 

fig. 105 398 
Tho Goaftooented St. John** Wort? 
TVdr^Mn Clot. 

AmSyme\mtmfBg'Hdtim Banh. 
MOU Pertmis A Oitafr 4e Borne, Fr. 

Farietigsm . . 398 

2 obtimfilium Dee. tt 

3 ndnuf IPte.A 



3. madiflorum Choit. m lJ 

Tb* Ima-flovcrad St. John's Wort. 



Willd.,iioCafL. 

4. folidsum Ait. m i_j Azores 

Th« iMiy au Joha*! Wore 

SMmimg ST. Mbf fl ITaft. 

5. florib6ndum ./li^. ft lJ Canaries 

The abandant'flovcnd St. Jolia't Wort. 
H.fint/tenu Comm. 
Mamjf-Jlotptrtd at. Jokm'a Wort. 



2^ 



- 398 



398 



6. olfmpicum L. 



The 



St. Joln't Wort. 
.Mrffrfif OMiMfWhMl. 
H. oHrattib Jbr« m^mt TMoa. 



Mount Olympua 
fig. 106. 399 



7. canari^nse Zr. ft lJ Canaries - 399 

The Canary Islattd St. John'f Wort. 

Farieties ft ij - - 399 
triphyllum Dec, ft lJ 
Mlieifolium Ihe, ft i_J 

8. chinense />. ft uJ China - 399 

The ChineM St. John's Wort. 
H. mondgjffutm BfiU. 
H. aurntm Loor. 

9. cordifblium Chois. ft ij Nepal 399 

The heart-leared St. John's Wort. 
H. bracUhtum. 
H. IrtMffiknNii Ham. MS8. 

10. pdtiilum Tkun. ft ^ Japan - 399 
The spreading St. John's Wort. 

1 1. Kalmtanum Lam. ft N. Amerioa 400 

Kalm's St. John's Wort. 
H. BarirdnAnm MiU. 
Virginia St. John's Wort. 

12. Vrdium Ham. A Nepal fig. K)7* 400 

The Unla St. John** Wiort. ' 

13. cal}x}num X. ft Britain • 400 

The farftf-calyxed St. John's Wort. 

hndroioi'mum conHamUnopoiitinum fibre 

mdximo Wheeler. 
The large-flowered St. John's Wort, The 

targe-fioioering TVris ass. The terrutrial 

Sun^ Aaron's Beard. 
MUle PerttOs itgrandrs tlemt, Fr, 
Grossblutniger Johannis Kraut, Qer. 

14. balelbricum £. s. i_J Majorca . 400 

Tha Maianm St. Johnli Wort. 

ii. Perfor^ria Chois. - - 401 



I 



15. prolificimi L, A N. Amenca 401 

The prolific St. John's Wort. 
H.Jblidsum Jacq. 
H. JTaAnUnum DuRoi. 

16. heteroph^Hum Fent. a.uJ Persia 

The Tado««4Mwrf St. JolMi't Wort. 



401 



17. aegyptlacum X. «. lJ Egypt 

Th« Sioptivi St. Johnt Wort. 

18. ^liokies Xam. n. N. America 

Th« Galhiin-Uk«.iwNii 81. Johnli Wort. 

19. axilBLTe Lam. n. N. America 

The aaanarj-floiffered St. John's Wort. 
H./asciei$iitum Willd. 
H. Cdrts Walt. 



401 



401 



401 



uJ Madeira 402 



SO. f^dulosum AH. 

The ^ndnlar St. Jota^ Wort. 

21. terpyllifilium Lam, jt Lisvant 

The WUd-Tbjme-lMTed St. John'* Wort. 



402 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

SS. empetrifolium Wiild. «. ^ S. Europe 

fig. 108. 402 

The Einp ctf u m-kwd St. John't WtttU 

23. Coris £. & -J Levant. 403 

The Carii-hmed St. John's WoKt. 



24. eriooldes L. tL ^ Sp«m 

The Hceth-Uke St. Jdbm't Wort. 



402 



§ iiL Brdthym Chds. j* ^ 402 

25. fesciculatum JLom. Jt -J Carolina 402 

The fiudcled-i^av^ St. John's Wort. 
H. uipakUkSlda Piinh. 

App. L Other Species of HjfpSrieum. 403 

H. rdpens, H. UnearUMhnn, H. oblongtfSUum, and 
H. |ap6nieum Dee. 

IL JNDROS^'MUM Oott. tL 397. 403 

Thb Androsamcm, or TWfon. 

H|fprfr^c«ni L. 
Androtimet Fr. 
JokormitkroMtt Ger. 

1. officinalis i4//fom. Levant «. f. 109. 403 

The offldml AndroMemum, or commom TuUan. 
a^ntenon Jtaidrum L*Obel. 
Hypirittim AndrotatiHum L. 
ParkLeavet. 
Jlmdro$ime oMdHaiCt Fr. 
Breit4>laUrigei ikroad4eaved) Jolumait- 
kraut, Ger. 



Aoerdcece Lindl. i • 5_j •^ 404 

L if CER L. -fc • 5 -J • -J 405 

Tbb Maplb. 

JCrable, Fr. 
Ahom, Ger. 
il«ero, Ital. 
ilrcff, SpaoUh. 

1. obl6ngum fTd/. 1 -J Nepal fig. 113. 

in p. 433. - - - 405 

The oblong-feav<^ Maple. 
A. 'iawifMhim IJ. Don. 
A. BuiimpiUa UanUU. 

2. tataricum L, « Tartary pi. 23. f. 1 14. 

in p. 434. - - - 406 

The Tartarian Maple. 

E'rabk de Tartarie, Fr. 
Tartarische Akom^ Ger. 
ZanaHnodon, or Locust Tree, Rutf . 

3. spiciktum L, It North America pt. 24. 

fig. 115. in p. 4.35. - - 406 

The iplkeVlotrrrrd Maple. 
A fmmidnum Ait. 
A. pemuylvtinieum Du Rot 
A. parv(pbrum Ehrh. 
yiouniam Maple. 
E'rable de Mumiagne, Fr. 
Berge Ahom, Ger. 

4. Striatum L, It North America pi. 25. 

fig. 116. in p. 436, 437. - 407 

The striped-AarJttfif Maple. 
. : A. pcimsifh^micmt L. 
A. camtdTnte Marih. 
Smtkt-harkrd Mt^\ Moote Wood^ Striped 

MapUr, E'rabk Jaspi, Fr. 
Ccstreifler Jkoru, Ger. 



5. macroph^Uum Purih.^ North America 

pi. 26. fig. 1 17. in p. 438, 439., and 

118. in p. 440, 441. - - 408 

The long, or large, leafvd Maple. 

6. ji^latanoldes L, ¥ Europe pi. 27. 

fig. 119. in p. 442, 443. - 406 
The Plataniu-Uke, or Norufag, Mapk. 

E'rabtepUme^ E'rabk de Norwiga, Fr. 
SpOX'A/iom, SpUt-blaUriger Akorn, Ger, 

FaruHes, S 

2 Lobdltl ¥ f. 120. mp. 444. 409 

Lobel's FlaUnua-Uke Maple. 

A. Lobm Temore, " 

A. plotenoldM INm*a JfiU, 

3 puMtoens Seyw* 2 ■ ■ Mt 
The downj-immd Fuuam4ik» Mafda. 

4 variegktuni Hort. 'i^ - 409 

The stiver Tariega t e d -fe g ctfi^ ^i$tnm' 
like Maple. >■ 

dlbo varfegimm Ha^Be. 

5 a6rao viriogfcfiim H • • 40i 
The golden TMtogatad'lwei 



6 lacini&tum JE7cc. Y pL 28. fig. 

121. in p. 445. - 409 

The ctit4rav0if Platantis-Uke Mqle. 
? A. p. crispum Lanth. 
The EagUTs Oaw, or HarnVt 
Foot Maple. 

7. sacch&rinum L, t North America pi. 
29. fig. 122. in p. 446, 447. 41 1 

The Sugar Maple^ 

Rock Mapte, Hard MapU, BHr^s-Ege 
Maple. 

Variety It - - 411 

2 nigrum ¥ 
The black Sugar Tree, or Bock 
Maple. 
A. nigrum Mkbx. 

6. Pseudo-Pl&tanus L, *t Europe pL 30, 

31. fig. 123. in p. 448, 449. 414 
The Mock Plane Tree, the Sycamore, or Oreai 



Ma^. 



lane Tree, Scotch. 
E'rable Sycamore, E'rable blame de Mom- 

tagne, Pousse Flatame, Grand Ji^nsAir. 

Fr. 
Ehrenbaum, Weisser Ahom, Gemeime 

Ahom, Ger. 

Varieties, 

2 flava varlegata £ • - 414 
Tho yellow Tarlented Sycamore, or 

Costorphinc rtmme, teith leaves 
vartegaUd wUh yellow. 

3 iilbo variegata Hayne t - 414 
The white rariegated-featvil Syca- 
more. 

4 purptirea Hort, £ - - 415 
The pur|de-/Ai*6(l Sycanore. 

5 subobtiisa Dec It - -415 
The balf'4»btute-lrmnf flycanoro. 

A. optUifiitum Thou. 
A. UtifWrnm Oplt. 



COVTBNTS. 



X3UU 



her Varietia - . 415 { 
HodgkJiu's Soedling, ifor^ 
Leslie^s Setdling, Htfri. 
stenopient Baynt. 
macT^ptera JIayne. 
inior6pterm Ifnyiw. 

9. obtuMtom ifi^. T Hungary pi. 32. 
fig* 124. in p. 450, 451. - 420 

Tte obtoie-lo&rri-lraoni Maple, 
A. meapoiit^um Tenore. 
A. kfbridmm Hoit. 
ritf XempolHam Maple. 

a bsrbiktiiin JUsdLr. ? North America 
pl.SS. fig. l«5.inp.452. - 420 
^}ttmrdiBdr€aM»edUMfU^ 

A. earoHmiSmtm BoK. 

A. CriMa#HM Hort. 

11. OUns 2>«?. 5 Italy pi. 34. fig. 126. 

«p.453. - - 421 

Tlw Opal, or IlaKan, Maple. 
A. <ypalmtlf 
A. n)<M«dl!^/i(m Lam. 
A. «eiii»c«m Lanth. 
A. mOhsmm Pre*. , „ ^. 

L'-Froble Opde, S'rable a FdnwZfc-* ro»<fc», 
Arable dTIIaUe, Fr. 

Fartdyl - - 421 

? j4. coriaeeum Lodd, *t 

12. opoliftlium Tiff. 5 Pyrenees - 421 

TW Goelder-Rote-leaTed Maple. 
A. kupdmieum Pour. 
A. viinMMi Reyn. 
A moK^MMtt C. Bauhin. 
Efrablcduret, E'rable d FcuiUet tFObier, 

Auart in Daui^ln^. Fr. 
SeitiuMI'Uattr^er Akom, Ger. 

11 drdn^timi Pwrsh. "i North America 
fiu. 1 12., and fig. 127. m p. 454. 422 

^^ Maple. 



Varittietlt 

2 CfXHTineum It 

3 interm^iium !f 



P4|K« 

- 424 



Mk palm^nm nunb. A 

128. m p. 455. 
Tte palmate-Aravcrf Maple. 



Japan fig. 
- 422 



15. enockrpum Michx. f N.Amer. pi. 
35, 36. fig. 129. in p. 456. - 423 

Tbe bairr-fruited, or white. Maple. 
A. daaf/earfimn Willd. 
A. tomentbamm Hort. Par. 
A.WaummManh. 
A.Wr<Mm|a.Dah. 
A. rUrwa Waaenh. 
If'iilr, 0r ai{^, Mapie^ U. .<). 
»r OarlM Wager'B Maple. 
E'rable A FmUa cotomieux, E'rable bUme, 

jlaaJWr /Aora. Ger. 

1(L rubnim L. !f N. America pi. 37,38. 
fig. 130. in p. 457. - - 424 

Tbe tm ^j hta erk m, or $earkt. Maple. 
A. oirgtmOmun Herm. 

^ Maple, Swmp MapU, Red Maple. 
IffvMr nmtf» Fr. 
Jlodcr ilAorm Ger. 



17. monspessul^num L, J. South Europe 

pi. 39, 40. fig. 131. in p. 458. 427 

The Montpeller Maple. 
A. trUoImm Moench. 
A. trifoUvm Uuh. 
A. trUobdiwan Lam. 
E'rable de MotUpelier^ Fr. 
Fhmxotucker Akom^ Ger. 

18. camp^tre L, % Europe pi. 41,42. 

fig. 132. in 458. - - 428 

The eommom^ or Field, Maple. 
E'rable ckampitre^ Fr. 
Kleiner AMom, Feld Ahom, Ger. 

Varieties. 5 

1 hebedtrpum Dec. ¥ - 428 
The downy-fhiited Field Maple. 

A. campi/ttre Wallr. 
A. mdUe Opix. 

2 fo^iis variegatis f - 428 
The variegated-leaTed Field Maple. 

A. FteiuiO'Tldianu*. 

3 eolDnum WaUr. S - 428 
The hi\UmAabitii»g Field Maple. 

A. ^ffy*^ And A. macrocdrpum 

4 austrlacum Trait. Arch. 1 428 
The Austrian Field Maple. 

19. creticum L. f Crete pi. 43. fig, 
132. in p. 459. • - 430 

The Cretan Maple. 

A. keteropkfaum Wllld. 
A. 8emperv)ren$ L. 
E'rable de CrHe, Fr. 
Cretischer Akom^ Ger. 

App. i. Doubtful SpeeicM of K'^r. - 4.30 

A. (ypalui, A. opulifdlium, A. barb^tinn, A. coiiil- 
ceum, il. Lobelu, A.nXapxxat /j.platanoldei, A. 
sacch&rinum, A. h^briduni, A. oDtutilbUum, A, 
obtut&tum, A. lobktum. 

App. ii. Anticipated l^pedet rf A'cer, ¥ 431 

A. iMrknm BUb. *^ 

A. obmUffUhiin Sibtk. tj^ 

A. panriftUttm Tmitek. f 

A. nmuwiMiildniim of oihen» 
A. glUimm Torrey. ^ 
A. \aertghtam IVaU. *^ 
A. mevavtoktam WaU. «g 
A. caltrfttum WtU. Y 
A. esnd&tttm Wall. ^ 
A. vUMnm ir«lf. t^ 
A. BtercttlUtceom Watt.^ 

il.Japdnlcam Thmm. ^ 
A. icptcnilolraiii Thtm. ^ 
il. pfctum TAmi. f: 
>|. trifidmn TAini. 5» 
it. tmndttum Bimf«. ^ 

App-uL Half-hardy Spetiuof A'cer. 43? 

if. pafanMam Ttam. A ^ 
il. •UdBgam aro/f. ^ lJ 

II. NEGU*NDO Mcench. t 405. 46(> 



I 



T«B Nbgundo« or So» Elder. 

A^oerL. 
Kegtindiura JV^fftt. 



CONTENTS. 



Pace 

1. /raxinifoliuin Nutt, If North America 

pi. 44. 460 
The Ash-leaved Neffundo. 
AVrr Negiindo L. 
N. motroiaes Momch. 
Negtindium americdnum Rafln. 
The Ash-leaved Maple, The black Ash, 
E'rable a Feuilles de F^ine, Fr. 
E'rable d Giguiires, niinoU. 
EschenbldUriger Ahom, Ger. 

Variety t 460 

2 erispum G. Don. ^ - pi. 45. 
The curled-leaved Aib-leaTed Neguodo, or 
Bos Elder 

App. L Anticipated Species of Negiindo. ¥ 462 

N. merklimm Otc. '^ 
A lltnt<i<i0ii Bloc. 
? N. tnxim^fbKmm t«r. Dae. 

V. coddndiindDM Dte. ^ 



App. I. OMer Acercice<K. 

DMmm vnlgkrto Hoaritt. A 



- 462 



JEsaddceiB Lindl. T • - 462 



CattmteAcew Link. 
Bippocatthnem Dec. 

I. ^'SCULUS L. ? 

Thb Horsrchbstnut. 

HippocdMtaman Toum. 
Marronier d^Inde^ Fr. 
Roukastanie, Ger. 



- 462 



1. Hippocastanum L, ^ 

pi. 46, 47. 463 
The common Honechettnat. 

Hippocdstanum vtUadre Toorn. 
Uarronier d'lnde.rr. 
Gemcime BosskastaniCt Ger. 

Farietiee, 5 
2 flore pl^no 5f . . 463 

The double-flowered Honechettnut. 
S varieg^ta f • - 463 

The variegated-Zrovrd Horsechestnut. 

2. (H.) ohio^nsis Mkhx, $ N, Am. 467 

The Ohio JEiculus, or Horeeeheetitmi. 

3. (H.) rubic6nda Loir. 2 N. America 

pi. 48. 467 

The re6di»h-/loieered iEtculus, or Horeechetimmt, 
JE. cdmea Hort. 
IE. ttaea Hort. 
JE. coeeinea Hort. 

JE.Hippocdttanmm var. rubicundum Schu- 
bert. 
Whitley'tJIne scarlet. 

4. (H.) glabra WOid. S North America 

fig. 133. 467 

The fmooCh-lravnf JEscolos, or Horseehestnut. 

5. (H.) pdllida Willd. t N. Am. f. 134. 468 

Tbe fUi^Jlowered JEacoluf , or HorecckestmU. 
Oelbliche Rosskasiamie, Ger. 



6. (H.) Lydnti Hort. "t 

Ljron'f AKultu . 



468 



App. i. Other Soriaor Varietietof M'sadmg, 

468 

jB. amiwictaa 
iS. H. Inctmia 
AC. H. pne*coz 
.A. H. toitu&tuin 
^. U. niipruin 

II. PA>\IA Boerh. 5 • 462. 469 

Thi Pavia, or Smoolh-Jimited Horeedtuiami 
Tree. 

Paviar, Fr. 

1. rubra Lam, *i N.Am. pi. 49,50. 469 
The Ttd'JIowered Pavia. 
JE'sculus Pa«la L. 
lE'seulus PbiAs. war. « riJtrm Hayne. 
P. parvifldra Hort. 
Small Bnekeve, Amer. 
Marronier Pame^ Pamieil Flemr» r B «f , 

Fr. 
HotAtf Bos s kaikmi e t Ger. 

Fanehet. S 

2 argiita G. 2><m 9 fig. 185. 469 

The tharp~iooiked4ea9ed nAJhm 
«r0a PaTia. 

8 sublaciniita ^olt. !( - 470 
The tUgfatly eat-leavad red j bmerw d 
Pavia. 

4 hiimills A - pi. 51. 470 
The dwarf red-Jlowered Ttnim, 

P. kkmOis O. Don. 
Xfsemlus hiimiUs Lodd. 

5 hikmilis p^dula S . 47Q 

The peodulout-frrondled dwarf 
reA-Jlowered Paria. 

2. flayaDfc. 5^ Carob'na pl.52,53. 471 

The jeilow'/lowered Paria. 
JE'sculus Adva Ait. 
JE. /&/ea Wangh. 
P. Iktea Poir. 
7^ large Buekeue, 
The ffeUow Pama. 

3. discolor Siut, a N. America • 472 

The two-coloured->lo«vm( Pavia. 
JE'sculus discolor Ph. 

4. bvbrida Dec, *t Hybrid - 472 

T^e hybrid Pavia. 

JE'sculus hgbrida Dec. 

5. negl^cta G, Dm. "Jt fig- 136. 479 

The neglected Paria. 

JE'sculus negldeta LindL 

6. macroc&rpa Hort, 1 pi. 54. 473 

The long-flruited Paria. 

JE'sculus PdfA^ macrocdrpa Lodd. 
PdvlsL macroedrpa Hort. 

7. macrost^chya Lou, A North America 

fig. 137. 473 

The long-racemed Paria. 

JE'sculus parvffidra Walt. 

JE. macrostdchua Mx. 

Previa dOa Polr. 

PAvIa edUis Poit. 

Pdvier d lama Efpis^ Panier note, Fr. 

Langakrigfi Boeskastamiet Ger. 

App. i. (XAar VarittieM ^ PAwnM, - 474 

P. Mrrita, P. ertcta, iB'tcuIiit Pirte Ura rar. 
iwirt% 



COWTINTS. 



XXXlll 



PMe 



SapinddcecB. t •I^ •i-' 474 
L KOLREUTERfi* Laxni,t - 475 

Tn KOLEBUTBAIA. 

Stpimdmt *p. L. fiL 

k Mokulata Lojm. % Qhio^ pL &f^. 475 
Tte BBwrfrW^/Bw^-ayKotreotertep 
Ssftmamt ckhuStU L. lit. 
K. jMvWbioldes L'HirU, 

RupaUragewk KatremUriet Ger. 

App. I. Half-hard^ UgneemM SpBciet itf Sa- 
pimdQcat, ftOiiLj - 476 



ju^vJ 



3. aKtiv4Iis iViVAr. ± N. Am. fig. I4fi. 479 

Th« 9maBicr Vine, or Orapt rime. 
y7ljalfr*s€a Walt. 
V. vti/^iM WUUU . . 

4. sinuita G. Don, X N. America - 479 




Tkelft 

Then 

a. ■■■iiij 


'MelidcecB. luJ 

■MlT>«r«r1nii«l4lM. 
vnfwn Mcliai. orBnd Trae. 


- 476 

fig. 138. 476 

- - 47« 

- 477 

- 477 






\itdce€B Lindl. llCl - 477 

L fTTIS L. 1 1^ - 477 

TBk Gkah Tins. 

C?rml, Celtic. 
rM^Spas. 

H^im, G«r. 

1. nnifera L, A Persia - fig. 139. 477 

TlM wine-bcftring Vine, 
rigpa^, Fr. 
Gememer Weiiutodt, Gtt. 

■■ Varieiiei 1 



3 foUk iadknk 1 



478 

478 
The hoair-teavei Grape Vine 

MHtert Qrape, or MUler's Black 
ClmUer Qrape. 

3 f51iu nibesc^nUbus X 478 
Tbe rabetcent-leaved Grape Vine. 

TktaatelQrape. 
Tenturier, Tt., not CUirette, 
Dnham- 

4 opiifdlia ifortf. X fig. 140. 478 
Tbe PkrekT-Iesred Grape Vine. 

Crotal, Fr. 
y. AicMtoa L. 

2, Labrusca L^l N. Am. fig. 141. 479 

' ' !ThtmlUl\im,vrJf9tpOrapen 
V. «aM^>^ak. 



The acaUofuJcwHrf Viae, or Smmmmr Grtma f<Vii«. 
V. mtthMU var. ttmuiU Ph. 
? V- \abrtueeUn Mahl. 

5. cordifolia JWfc*jr. X N. Am. f. 143. 480 

The heart-shapC'letLred Vine, or CAicken Grape. 
V. incUa Jacq. 
V. «r«ypina L. 

6. ripiria Michx. X N. Am. f. 144. 480 

The rirer-side, or ttpeel-scented. Vine. 
V. odoralissima Dunn. 
Figne d€ BaUurett Amer. < 

7. rotundifdlia Michx. X N. Am. 480 

The round-leaved Vine, or BuUtt Grape. 

8. caribae'a Dec. X a Jamaica - 480 
The Caribean Vine. 

V. indfca Swz. 

App. i, OOter hardy or half- hardy Species of 

Vitis. X - 4Si 

V. Willichi Dec. S 
y. glabrita Roth_^ Q 



V. fndlcaZ, _ 
V. cc^gia Hon 



fig. 145. 
Trant. 



11. AMPELOPSIS iVwVb-. 1 477.481 

The AMPELOPt»i8. 

VUu sp. 
Cis$u» sp. 

1. cordata Michx, X N. America 481 

The cordate./^0<fd Ampelopsis. 

Cistus AmpeiSpsis Pert. > - I 

\Ws indivUa Willd. 

2. Aeder^cea Michx. X North America 

fig. 146. 482 
The Ivy-like Ampelopiis, or FipC'leavedlvy. 
"Hid era qtiinqu^fblia L. 
VUts quinqw^fMia Lam. 
C4$sus heder&cea Ph. 
Cissus ouinqwfbHa Hort. 
Wtit hederdcea Willd. 
A. qumqueJlHia Ho€k. 
figne Purge, Fr. 
Jungfem Reben, Wilder Wcin, Ger. 

3. ( H. ) hirsikta Donn. X N. AxneHcai '48S 

The hain-Utatd Amiwlopak. 

COnw hrtlrnkcM Mr. hirtita Ph. 

4. bipinnata Michx. X N.Amertca' ^8^ 

The bii)lnnate-^av<-</ Ampeloptis. 
VUis arbdrea WUld. 
Cissut stdns Pert. 

App. i. Anticipated hardy Species of Ampe- 

lopais. X •* - 482 

A. b(Su]ra Dtc. X 
A. hctarophtlla Blume. \ 
yuiiJmvdHtea Spicng. 

A. eavrcoUtta G. Dim._X 
Vltf* eapn0'kU iSTl 



Don. 

A, ul 



III. crssus L. 

Tits CiMv>. 
1. oricntMte Lmn. a i J Iterant 
i. quhiiUa AU. i_ t ICep* of Oood HPqpe 



3. intiTCtiea r<W. 

4. cApteils H'i/M. 

5. vitJRfnce a |_J 
*. ^atnqacfMU. |_ i_J 



ti 



NawtlollMd 
Caipeorflaoil Hop* 



<.'«•• t 



>•■ 



477. 483 
•l.)4ail 

«t.Ut. 4M 

■ . 4Kfl 

fig. 14K. in^ 
• .•■■■•I I 



XXXIV 



CONTENTS. 



Geranidcea. «- i_j - 



PaR* 

483 



PclarKftniom narrinKt6nit flu j, f cucull4tumtt.i_j ««• 

140., macrintbon «. y j, roegalinthon tL l_J, «*- 

lamliAr&tnin, Tuercifoliuai ft. i U p«lUttt«n tL |_J, 
MnMe ft-uJ Hg. 151., Bcntliickukimw tl.i_J. toqoliMM 
fL i_J fie- 1*«- 



ZygophylldcecB, 



M«ii4ntliut mJOor /~ A - 
ZygophyUain ie«UifSBUum L. 
Morgihna L. 



lJ 481. 

. fiK- 163. 484 

• fig. 154. 4S4 

. 484 



"Rutdceoi, ML tt. uJ 



484 
484 



I. RVTPl L. tL flL uJ IL . 

The Rub. 

Rw, Fr. 
BatUCt Ger. 

l.gravcolens L.«l S.Europe f. 155. 485 

The heavy-Bcentrd, or common^ Rue. 
R. hortHuis Mill. Diet. 
Rue, Ft. 
Gartenraute, Ger. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of ViiUa, 487 

«.uJfL_{ 

A. pinnAta L. tLi I. A. Untctcdu Dar. a. I. JL angn*- 

tifMla Pfr«. tL I I fiK' l*6-t *• macrophjllii »>/. tL _J 

A. mont&na CIm. fL I , A. divarickta Tomiiv tL | . 
JL, r<5nica />«. tL ^ A< albitl6ra /r<>«Jlc. tL _J 

II. APLOPHY'LLUM Andr. Juss. 

«._J - - 484. 487 

Thb ApiiPntVLxuM, or Simflt-leaved Rm. 

l.iinifdilum G. Don. fl.^ Spain 

fig. 157. 487 

Riiia UmifUim L. 

2. suav^olens G. Don. tL | Tauria 

lUi^u tmmvMeiu Dec. 

3. fruticulusum C 7>n«. tL^ 

VMafnUicdtaa Lab. 



2. tridb-piim Mickx. tt N. Atnerica 4S8 

Thie thiwefruUed Xantbosjlum, m Tmdk«eht Tmt. 
PagJUra tridtdfiiiiaiMm. 

S. mite Wind. 5f North America - 489 

Tba imootb, or Vurrnltu, Xinthos^hBa* w Tteit«*c r««. 

App. i. Half 'hardy Speeiee. 489 
II. PTE'LEAL. 5«?-J - 487.489 

The Ptblba, or ShrwMjf TrtfOit. 
BeUQcia Adant. 
Orme de Samarie, Fr. 
Lederblume, Get. 

1. trifoliata L. It N. Amer. pi. 57. 4B9 

The thrcC'le(\fl€Ud'\e&\'ed Ptclca, or Skrubbg 
Trefoil. 

Orme de Samarie d trots Pew'/Jea» Fr. 
Dreyhl'dUrige Lederbhtme, Ger. 

Varieties It - - 489 

2 pcntaphylla Munchh, 2 

3 pubescens Pursh. 1 

App. i. OMer ligneous Species of "Pteha^ 
hardy or half-hardy, m. - 490 

p. monophJUa Lam. tt ? __J 
P. penl&ndra Jfo«. tk ? __J 
P. ovMa LttfHT. m? I 

HI. AILA'NTUS Desf. 1 487. 490 

The Ailakto. 

RAt/« Ehrh 

r<m€ rfti Japon, Fr. 

Gotterbaum, Ger. 

1. elandul6saZ>f*f. !K China 

pi. 58, 59. fig. 159. 490 
The glandulous-ftrat^ AiUnto. 
A. prochra Sal. 
RAti« hypsrlod^ndroH Moench. 
R. cacod^ndron Ehrh. 
R. Bin^nsc Ellis. 
Aylanihe glanduUux, Fr. 
DrUsigcr Gotterbaum^ Ger. 



Syria 



487 
487 



Xanthox^yldcecB, ^ ■ - 487 
I. XANTHaXYLUM L. ± a 487, 488 

The Xanthoxylum, or Toothache Tree. 
Zantfuizyium of many. 
KamprMnn\A Bqfiu, 
ClMfcUier, Fr. 
ZahnwehholXt Ger. 

I. /raxineuin Willd. 5 North America 

nl. 6. fig. 158. 488 
The \ah-leaved Xanthoxylum, orCommon Tooth' 
ache Tree. 

Zanthdxylum ram^fidrum Hichx. 

7. Cl4t>a lUrculn var. L 

Z. anierictinum Mill. 

Z. caribafum Gcrt. 

Ciavaiier A Few'Ues de Prine, Fr. 

£Khe»-bliiUrfge§ Zahnwekholx, Ger. 

Variety It - . 488 

2 Tirginicum ^ 

X. virfcdumm Lodd. 



CoridcecB. • - 4^^ 
I. CORIA RIA ivr«*. m - - 492 

The Cobiabia. 
Redoul, Fr. 
Gerberstraucht Ger. 

1. iwyrtif61ia Zr. ■ Europe f. 160. 492 

The Myrtle-leared Corlaria. 

Fuetet des Corropeura^ Redout d FemVe* 

de Myrte, Fr. 
Myrtenblattriger Oerberttrawikt Ger. 



2. iiepaldnsis Wall. * Nepal 

The Nepal Corlaria. 

3. microphylla Potr. N. Zealand 

The Hnall-lcaTcd Coriaria. 
C. tttrmtmMa Font. 



493 
493 



StaphyledcecB 



I. STAPHYLE A L. m 

TuE Staphtlba, or Bladder-nut Tree. 
StaphybnUndron Touni. 
SiaphiUer, Faux Pittackier, Fr 
Fimpemns$t Ger. 



- 493 
493 



CONTENTS* 



XXXV 



I. tiiSoML. m N. Am. fig. 16U 162. 493 

Tte thrw fa^ffirf-legred Stiiibylea. 
SM^Ailwr a Awdfes lemieti Ft. 
VirgimUdke FimpemMU^ Ger. 

1 Mimata X. « Europe - fig. 163. 494 

Tbtt pinnated-^owrf Staph jlea. 

Siapkmer d FeuOUt aiUet, Fr. 
Pimpermust Ger. 



App. L yli»<tct/»lied ;S^Mete9 of Stapkiftea. 

m? ^ ' 495 



B. factcraplijUa it. «t P. ^ ? I 



CehutracetB Dec. 5 • .* - 495 

L ^UaNYMUS Toiirw. 5«w» 

495. 496 

Tbb EuoNTSira, or Spimdie Tree. 

retain, Bomnet de Pr€tre, Bou d. 

Lardoire^ Fr. 
^uiddbtntm^ Ger. 

1. europs^s X. It E. pi. 60. f. 164. 496 

The Earopean Euooymus, or Spindle Tree. 
E. wtgoris Mill. 
Priet'trmder, Gerard. 
I^otue BerrUf Dogwood^ GaUeridge Tree. 
Fu»am iTEmpe, Bonmel de Prttre com- 

mut^ Fr. 
Gememe Spindelbauntf Ger. 

FaneHes It m ' - 496 

2 foliis rariegitis Lodd, It 

3 latifolius Lodd, t 

4 nanus Lodd* n 

5 fr6ctu ilbo Lodd, *± 

t remicosus Scop, m Europe f. 165. 498 

The wMited-barked BuonTinut, or Spindle Tree. 
E. europ^^MS leprhitu L. fll. 
Fmsain galeux, ou verrtumeux^ Fr. 
Warziger Spindelbaum, Ger. 

Z, UtifoUus C Bauh, 1 Europe 

pi. 61. fig. 661.498 
The broad-IeaTed Euoajniu, or Spindle Tree. 
E. europar^MM var. 2. L. 
FuMom h targe* Feuillet^ Fr. 
Breitbtattriger Spindelbaum, Ger. 

4. nanus Bieb, m Caucasus - 499 

The dvarf Euonjniut, or Spindle Tree. 

4. fttropurpurcus Jacq, * North America 

fig. 167.499 
The dMgk'parple-Jlowered Euonymus. 
E. earoUni^n*i* Marsh. 
B. iMtrdlTM Marsh. 

6. americanus L, la North America 

fig. 168. 169. 499 
The American Euodjtous, or Spindle Tree. 
E. ump er wi r ena Maunh. 
E. alterr^fbliuM Moench. 
The Burning Busk, Amer. 

7. sarmentosus Nutt, WK N. America 500 

Tlw ttmtiMtf-ttrmmed KaODymuh or Spindit Tret. 
EL aciiirffiw Hort. 
E. omtrviHHiff var. tarme ti ii k tia Dec. 

8. obovatus KuU, ** N. America - 500 

The obovtdii-leaped Euonymus, or Spindle Tree. 

n. angustifulius P/*. * N. America 500 

Ttie oarroW'leaTed Euooymiu. or Spindle Ttee. 



10. Hamiltontanttf Wall. ^ Nepal 
Hamilton's Euonymus, or Spindle Tree, 
E. atropurpiireus Wall. 



500 



II. ^xcmieefbHus Roxb. S 

The 0«rcinia> leaved Eooo^raus. 



B. tdetnu Ham 

12. grandiflorus Wait m 

Tiba laif».flowmd Euonjmiu. 



Nepal - 501 
- 501 



Nepal 



App. L Half-hardy Species of Euonymus. 501 

B. gt6mni WaU. 5f 
B. mlcrtfnthus D. Don A 
B. lAcldus A. Don A 
^•Japtfniciu Tkmnb. ^ 
jr. cchlnAtiu H'alt. _| 
iS. tinfens ITo//. !^ 
£. gl4ber iC«r«. ) 
B. fimbriitna fPo//. 1^ 

A. fndicui Htjfne^ 

B. wiigam WtiU. ± 

B. ■obtrlfl&nu Bttme ^ 
B. Thonb^rgidntM filume A 
£. ptedulttt Wall. ^ 
«. friKiditt WaU. '!t 

II. CELA'STRUS L. ^ l - 5()s> 

The Staff True. 

Euonymoidea Mcench. 
Ciiastre, Fr. 
Celasierj Ger. 

1. scandens X*. J N. America f. 171. 502 

The climbing Staff Tree. 

Bourreau det ArbrcSt Fr. 
Baummordert Ger. 

2. buUatus L, 1 Virginia - - 502 

The studded •c(i;>««/^</ Staff Tree. 
App. i. Half-hardy Species of Cddstrus. 503 

III. NEMOPA'NTHES Rajin, « 503 

TaS NSMOPANTHES. 

Hicioide* Dum. Cours. 

1. canadensis Z>e*r. a Canada f. 172.503 

The Canadian Nemopanthes. 
rie» canadfntu Mx. 
N.fasciculdri* Rafin. 
riex delicatula Bart. 
Vrlnos tucidus Ait. 
Uoux du Canade, Fr. 

IV. AT A^YTEy US TcuiW, A - 503 

Tai Maytbnda. 

SenAcisL Lam. 
Celdstnu WiUd. 

1. chil^nsis Dec, ■ Chili f. 173. 503 
The Chili Maytenus. 

Sm^cia Mdytenus Lam. 
Celdstnu M^ytenus ff' i/M. 

V. CASSPNE L. • - - 503 

Tub Cahsinb. 

1. Mauroc(^nia L. • Ethiopia - 501 

llauroc«nl\ CaMinc. 

Th€ HcitcMM (ivrffi. 
MaurtKinisLjranguiSrii Mill. 

2. capensis />.• Cape of Good Hope 1 74. 504 

The <'ap«? ("a*»inc. 

Vap< I'hitltfrtu. 

V. ckc^Ih WhU., discolor WaU , Cutptfon Thunb- - ''^1 

c 2 



XXXVl 



CONTENTS. 



VI. HARTOGIA Dec. m - 

The Habtogu. 

Schrtfbera Thun. 
EUeodihtdron Spreug. 

1. cap^nsis L. m C. of Good Hope 

The Cane Hartogia. 

Schriberti KhinS^des Thun. 
EUtodindron nchtniiides Spreng. 



Page 

- 604 



504 



AquifolidcecB Dec. 



. 505 



175. 505 



- 505 



I. MYGIND/i Jacq. m - 

Tub Myuinda. 

r^^ Pur»h. 

I. myrtifblia yuit. m N. Amer. 

The Myrtle-leaved Myginda. " 
riex AqitifdiiurnPunh. 

II. TLEX L. - 

The Holly. 

Aqu{fulium Tourn. { 

IlatUt Fr. 

Hcilse, Steckpalmet Ger. 

1. ylquifolium L. 1 Eur. pi. 62, 63. 505 
The prickly- leaved Holly. 

Huhrr, Htt(fere, Holme, Eng. 

S/fchpatme, Stecheiche, SUckbaum, Steck- 
laub,UuUe, Huisenbaitm, Htdsemtrauch, 
Hulxt, Hulclu, HoUt, Hatnt, HuUgenolx, 
Myrtendom, Ckristdom, Mausdom, 
Zwie$eldom, Klecxebmeh, Suckaptel, 
Slechwinde, JValdistel, Ger. 

Stikpalme, MaretomyChriitom, Skoutindel, 
Dan. 

Jemek, Christiom, Swed. 

Le Houxy le grand HouuoHyF Agron grand 
Pardon, Bois Franc, Fr. 

Agrifolio, AUoro spinoto, Ital.] 

A(^io, Agrifolio, Span. 

Azevinko, Agrifolio, AerifoUo, Agif\folio, 
Port. 

Wa^otcheld, Otfrokqf, Padub, Russ. 

Sckubbig kardketk, Dutch. 

yarieiiet - - 506 

2 hetcrophyllum Hort. f 
5 angustifolium Hort. f 

4 latifoliuni Hort, f. 

5 altacler^nse Horl- 1 

6 marginatum Hort. f f.\ 76. 

7 tourifolium /Tort. I f. 177. 

8 cili^tum Horl. 1 I 179. 

9 ciliatum miniis Hort.f 
lOrecurvum Hort. 1 f. 181. 

1 1 scrratif5lium Hort. f f. 182. 

1 2 crispum Hort. 1 

IS ferox JTorf. 1 f. 180. 

1 4 crassifulium Hort. f f. ] 78. 

15 sen^cDs Sweet 1 

16 41bo-margiiiiltum Hort, 1 

1 7 aiireo-marginitura Hort. t 

18 ^bo-plctum Hort. 1 

19 aiireo-pictiim Hort. 1 

20 ferox arg6nicum Hort. t 

21 ferox aiircum Hort. t 

22 fructu liitco Hort. f 

23 friicto albo Hurt, f 



Page 

2. baleArica Desf. t Minorca f. 183.516 

The Minorca Holly. 

I. AquifbUwn var. Z Lam. 

3. opaca AU, N. Amer. pi. 64, 65. 516 

Tlie opaque4?atM»/ Holly. 

Agr^bUum tm^re Clajt. 
I. Afv^^flim Gron. 
Tke American HoUt/. 

Varieties - - 517 

2 mierodon. 

3 latifolia. 

4 acuminata. 

5 globosa. 

4. laxiflora Lam. m Carolina - - 517 

Tlw loote>flowered Holljr 

I. Aft^^JhUumbdeHMfiivU. 

5. Cassiw Ait. • Carolina - 517 

The CBis\ne-likc HoUy. 

Aquifblium caroUndnMe Cat. 
I. caroliniana Mill. 
I. caMinoiAff Link. 
1. Daboon WaU. 
Casicna, Amer. Indians. 
Dakoon UoUif. 

Variety - -517 

2 angustifolia f. f. 184. 

6. angu8tif6lia Wiild. m N. Amer. f. 185. 

The narrow-leaved Holly. 
I. myrtifttia Walt. 
1. Tosmarin^fiMa Lam. 

Variety - - 518 

2 ^gustrlfolia/HcnA 1 f. 186. 

7. voraitoria AU. 1 N. Am. f. 186. 518 

The Emetic Holly. 

I. Caulne vera Walt. 
1. Ugustrina Jacq. 
Casslne Per4ffua MHi. 
I. Cassdna Mickx. 
I. rcUgnibsa Bart. 
1 . flortddna Lam . 
Houx apalackine, Fr. 
True vassene, Castene, Floridan. 
Tke Yapon, Virginian. 
Tke evergreen Cassena, Cauioberrp-kmk, 
Soutk Sea Tea, Eng. 

8. canaridnsis Pair, t Canaries - 519 

The Canary Holly. 

9. Daho6n Wall. « Carolina - 519 

The Dahoon Holly. 

I. Casslne Willd. 

Variety - - 519 

a /aurifblia KttU. 

App. i. Species of Vlex not yet introduced. 519 

/. odorkta ifaiit.,cuTielf&na L., C. booarfa.'n»U,a|pi»trllMU G. D^m 
(anKU»tif<i»Ua Nutt.), nrpaitruut Sfirmg, 

App. 11. Half'fuxrdy Species of VUx, 519 

/. dlpTT^na Walt., acAsa Watt., unkU Rt&lr, JVnkib Ait. (ma- 
dn«mii Lam., and Ak. 187.). chintfnait 8bm (f. 188.). bete- 
roph^lla 6. Don, mBcroph^IU, eUlndca B. B. et KmmA, 
■cop«l6nim H. B. et KuHth, nipicota 17. B. el Kwmlh, P^l^rim 
Pen., cmarginSU 7Amn6.. crcniita, Tkmt^., tmnktA Tkum/k,, 
latlfblla TUMitA., mxiicOidm Tkmmlt.. adAttra £». intm$cr» 
Tkumb., rotAnda Thumb., bnmt\Mdn H. B. et KmmHk, |i«rB|pia. 
rMnsis (f. \H'J.). 



111. PRV^OSL. *• 

The Winter Berey. 
i Agiria Adanf . 

I Apalanche, Fr. 

Wintcrbeere, Ger. 



- 5iO 



CONTENTS* 



xxxvii 



$ u PrtJUPU&s Dec. A - - 520 
I. decfduus Dec, A N. America - 520 

The dfciduoo* Winter Berry. 
rtes prntoUef Ait. 
r/lcr dtcUma Walt. 

Farwty - - 521 

2 ssttTalu 2>ee. 

Pi^z mstivdUi Lam. 

1 amb(guus 3firAx. m N. Am. f. 190. 521 

Tike ambigttoiu Winter Bory. 
Caaalne coroMuaMa Wadt. 



§ ii. .^^ma Dee. A - 531 
X verticiUatus Ir. A N. Amer. f. 191. 522 

The wborled Wiatcr Berry. 
P. padifbliut Willd. 
P. GrMMMI MicMx. 
P. antfArtms Moeocli. 

4. dubius G. 2>(m. A N. Ameriea - 521 

T%ie dubioos Winter Berry. 
P. ambtgum Porth. 



5. lavigatuu Pursh. A - f. 191. 522 
n>e fmoodi-lflBMd Winter Berry. 

$. lanceol^tus Pursh. A N. Amer. 522 

The lanceolate-faavetf Winter Berry. 

§ iii. WittUriia Moench. A - 522 

7. daber L, a North America - 522 

Vbe glabrooa Winter Berry. 

8. atomarios Nutt. A N. America - 522 

TIhe atoBi-Aam'i^y Winter Bcoy. 



9. ooriaceus i^craA. A N. America 523 

The cerixxaas-lMnwtf Winier Banrj. 
P. ^<iU«r Wats. 



App. i . Other Splits of Prinoa. 

r «^an Tmia. nilUbn Fa*/. 



523 



RAiiiim^7c«<e Lindl. 5! a a & jk J 523 
I. ZrZYPHUS Toum, a 



524 



JtOubier, Fr. 
Judendom, Ger. 



I. vulgaris Law. « Syria - f. 193. 524 

The common Jujube. 

RM'fyimuM ZtxypMus L. 
Z. Boilra Deaf. 
Z. J5julM 3f£». 
Jf^mb4rr evUip^, Fr. 
Brustb^eren^ Ger. 
Ghtggioi, Ital. 



:i. sinensB Lam. A China - 

Z<iyp*ii» Lour. 



3. iplna-Chruiti Lam. Ct Africa 

ChrM** Thorn Jvijub*. 

tUkilmmm nhtm-CkHtli t.. 

R. Kab^ca ForO;. 

Z. 4ir/4r*M Mill. 

Z. >ia|>^«a L«N. 

.Nabcm/tip. 

fXMfBa tfimima Bauh. 

CViirttr— «■ Jmdemdom, Ucr. 

Variety - 
2 rncrmiii 2>ec. A 



525 



526 



4. incurva Roxb, It Nepal 

The incunred-jp/n^ Jujube. 
Z. paniculUta Hamllt. 

5. flexuosa Wall, A Nepal 

The flexible Ji^ube. 



P«K« 

- 526 



- 526 



App. i. Hcdf-hardy SpecieM of Zizyphu$ 526 

Z. L6tus Lorn. (RAdmmw Ld^wa L.) fig. 194. 

Z. nitida /torft. , parvifblia Del. , mucronlu FFtlAf . , gli- 

bra Roxb., aSn6plia MOl.^ tomentbia Roxb. 
Z. ftlbens Boxb., a]n-<stia ScA«/<., aoporiterua SehuH.^ 

eac^niis, JhJubaLtunh. (ini&mnua J^Juba L.) 

II. PALIITRUS L,A . - 528 
Caaiar'a Thorn. 

PaUuret Porte-chapeau^ Fr. 

1. acule^tus Lam, A Asia 

pi. 66, 67. fig. 195. 527 
The prickly ChriaTi Thorn. 
P. petoMtu Dum. 
P. atutrdUs Gsrtn. 
P. vulgdris D. Don. 
fUkdnmuM VaUkrtu L. 
Zizypku$ Valikm* Wllid. 
Christ* a Thorn^ or Lamb qfLibya^ Gerard. 
E'pine de Christ, Argalon^ Porte-chapcau, 

GefiUgetter Judendom, Ger. 

III. BERCHE^M/^ Neck. J - 528 

TUS BSRCHKMIA. 

(Endplia Hedw. 

1. volubilis Dec. j N. Am. f. 196. 528 

The twining Berchemia. 

Rhdfnnus volilbiUg L. 
Zlzyphm voHibiiu WiUd. 
(EnopUa votkbilu Schult. 
Supple Jacif Virginian. 

App. i. Other Species of Berchemia. 529 

B. flavtfKCiw Brxmif. (ZixjphB4 fUvvKCiu Walt.) A. lineiu 
Dee. (Ah^mnua lincuiu L. B. Loorairkiiid Dec. (MUunnot 
Uncitiu JLom.) 

IV. /JHA'MNUS Lam, ¥ ■ a jt 529 
Tbi Buckthorn. 

The Bam, or Harf*^ Thorite^ Gerard. 
Box Thorn. 
NerpruUf Fr. 
IVcgdom^ Ger. 

§ i. MarcoriUa Neck. 529 

1. A\vXhn\i% L, A S. Europe f. 197. 529 



- 526 



The Alatemua. 

Aiatfmus VhiltSrea MiU. 

Varieties 

2 balearica Hort. Par, \ 

3 hispdnica Hort. Par, 

4 foliis maculatis m 

5 foliis aiireis m 

6 foliis arg^nteis m 

7 angustifuUa m 

R. ClUsii WiUd. 



. 530 



Hybrid 



2. hybridus VHerit, i 
The hybrid Alatemus. 

R. burgundlacus Hort. Par. 
R. scmpervlrcns Horlulan. 

3. longifolius Link. A 

The lonff-leAvcd Buck thorn > 

R. VrUldautvikinm iUhm. tt S<hmli. 



531 



- 531 



xxxvai 



CONTENTS. 



4. catharticus L. It Europe i 

pi. 68. fig. 198. 531 
The purging Buckthorn. 

The White Thorn of the modem Greeks. 

Vari^ - . 531 

2 hydriensis Jac. ^ 



5. virgitus Roxh, A Himalaya - 

The tviuy Bocktborn. 
R. cathdrHcua Hunilt. 



- 532 



6. tinctdrius l^o/tic/. A Hung. f. 199. 532 

The Dyer'f Buckthorn. 

R. cardiospirmuM WUld. 

7. infectdrius L. ft S. Europe f. 200. 533 

The staining Buckthorn. 
BMmnus l^cium Scop. 
Dwarf, or ycUow-iterried, Buckthorn; 

Avignon Berry. 
Ncrprun dea Teinturier$, Qrtunc iT Avi- 
gnon, Nerprun ieignant, Fr. 
Parbender tVegdom, Ger. 

8. saxatilis L. ^ S. Europe f. 201. 533 

The Stono Buckthorn. 
R. longifblivs Mill. 
Slein Wegdom, Ger. 

9. oleoides L, a Sicily . jfig. 202. 534 

The OliTe-lIke Buckthorn. 
R. ole^/btim HorU 

10. fruxifolius Pbir. tt Africa f. 203. 534 

The Box-leaved Buckthorn. 

1 1. pub&cens Poir. « Levant - 534 

The pubescent Buckthorn. 
R. oleb\de$ lam. 

12. /ycioides L, ft Spain - - 534 

l^e Lycium-Uke Buckthorn. 

Variety - - 534 

2 arragon^nsis A$m)» 



Siberia 

fig. 204. 534 

- 295 
I fig. 205. 



13. Erythroxylon PaU, ft 

The red-wooded Buckthorn. 

Variety 
2. angtistiasimum I 
R. \ycio\des Fall. 

14. rupestris ViU, Jk France S55 

The Rock Buckthorn. 

R. pttmilua 6 rupifitru Dec 

15. Yalentinus WUld. Jl Spain - 553 

The VdlencU Buckthorn. 
H. fttmiluM C«T. 
R. fimiluM var. rajmilmu Dec. 

16. Wulfen(i Spreng. n. Austria 535 

WulftAi's Buckthorn. 
R. pHmiiu$ Wuir. 
U. pUmiltu var. fVii(feni Dec. 

17. pusUlus Ten. -* Naples - 535 

The small Buckthorn. 

R. pitmilu* var. neapolitdnus Dec. 

18. dahuricus Palf. st Dahuria - 535 

The Dahurian Buckthorn. 

19. alnifolius X*//<Vi/. si North Americ.i 

fig. 206. 530 
The Aldcr-loavcd Buckthorn. 



Pag* 

2a franguli^es Miehr. ft North America 

fig. 207. 536 

The FmguU-Ukc Bttckfbom. 

R. tlnifblku var.fimigwUtdt$T)9D. 

21. pikmilus L. * South Europe 

pi. 69. fig. 208. 536 

The Alpine Buckthorn. 

22. pikmilus L. Jk Austria - 536 

The dwaxf Buckthorn. 
R. ntp^Wrjf Boop. 

§ ii. Frdngvia Toum. ) a 537 

23. carolinianus Walt, m Carolina 537 

The Carolina Buckthorn. 

24. Fr&ngula L. 5* Europe 

pi. 70. fig. 209. 539 
The breaking Buckthorn. 
Berry-bearing Alder. 
Nerprun Bourg^ne, Aume noir, Fr. 
Glatter Wegdom, Ger. 

Variety - - 53T 

2 angustifolia Hort. t 

25. latifolius VHerit. It Azores 

pi. 71. fig. 210.538 

The broad-leaved Buckthorn. 

App. i. Hardy Species of RAdnmiu not yd 

introduced. - - 538 

B. omygdiilinus Detf. 

B. persicifbUus Moris. 

B. prunlRtlius Smith. 

B. Sibthorpidntw Schult. f A. pilmilus 8»th.} 

B. Ynnhidnus Dec. {B. dtitUblhu Pursh) t 111. 

B. sangufneus Pers. 

B. minutifl6rus Pursh. 

B. carpinifdlius Pall. f. 212. 

App. ii. Half-hardy Species. - - 538 

B. integrifl^lius Dec. (B. cori^ceus Nees.) 

B. prlnoldes L'H6rit. (Zlsyphus IQcidus Mameh.) 

B. celtidifblius Thunb. 

B. crenulAtus Ait. 

B. sernilitus H. B. et Kunth. 

B. microph^Uus WiUd. 

B. umbeti^tus Cav. 

B. tenuifblius Moc. 

V. CEANO'THUS L. m m - 539 

Thb CBA^oTHUs, or Bed Boot. 

RAdmiuM L. 
CSanothe, Fr. 
Siikebbaum, Ger. 

1. azureus Desf. m Mexico f. 213. 539 

The azure-Jlotvered Red Root. 
C. Cirriilnu Log. 
C. btcolur Willd. 

2. americanus L. a N.Aincr. 214.539 

The American Red Root, or New Jersey Tea. 

3. tardiflorus Horn. N. America WO 

The late-flowering Red Root. 

4. ovatus Desf. a N. America - 540 

The OYSite-leaved Red Root. 

5. intcrmedius Pursh. A N. America 540 

The Intermodlale Red Rout. 

6. sanguineus Pursh, ik N. America 540 

The blood* -^r«lflcA«lf Rett Root. 



CONTENTS. 



XXXIX 



PaRc 

wiaaptifUuM MScAjt. h N« America 540 

Red Rflot. 
C. >■■ II iirtiw LOIMC 



App. L OtA^r^S^pcctet q^Ce<mdM«». 540 



541 



App. L ffalf-hanfy Khamndeea. 

a a«3*Jis IToff. 
micra^^lLa Car. fig. 816. 



L. 



TtM^ZAlU £• 

K. 

tap^iuU Thvab. 
<' r mm ytk» § e*p ^mt u Dec. 
o6ru«dkta Jtwaw^*. 

Kolaflilte ZJMnb. 
r.4&«a RflCunOa Vetd. 
L Fphadn BMW*. 

R. E'«A^r« Braisn. 
CdttiCfa K'ffA«rfr« Vent. 
MftMteteteaTMia. fig.iI7. 
C. yate«r«tf4fl WillZ 

Kftjwi SprfrtfMH Domb. 
Ceiuikta Oitf. 
(.litres OiU. 
< ■ attceaa C«a. 
C. Ckcs^e G. Don. 

Cbacftjc I>s)n6. 



C 
Tirte 

T, 



HmJu 






tfiflin 0$uHgM' 

trMbrmMoc 
i. Dod. 



jr«ctmtoiis Det, 



Mca 



Bartfineb BRmgn., Sol«wnthB O. J>aii, Tri- 
■V»-« Aijltcm i».Soal&n|[i«Braa||n., GoittoM 



'»r*f ., OIMm liianb. 
L. fi«. ill9. 



JSnmi^cese B. i?r. 



542 



HomalinacecB Lindl. 
I. ^RISTOTE'L/^ L'Hcrit. a 

The Akistotvlu. 



543 



1. Macqm L'Herit. • Chili pi. 72. 543 

The Macqui ArUtotelU. 

A. glandtiidaa B. et P. 
A. Maqui Dec. 

Fariety - . 543 

2 folils variegatis ii 



II. AZA Ri4 R. et P. 

Taa AZAKA. 



- 544 



1. dentata R. et P. m Cbili f. 220. 544 
The %o(Mi' leaved Azara. 

2. integrifolia R. et P. m Chili - 544 
The eittire*leared Azara. 

App. I. Other Species of Homaltnaeea. 544 

BtackwHi/a n^»al^niii Dee, 
Aftrintfaiu cocninchintotit Lour. 
S^miet thrt$iBbrtk D. Don* 
K. rabUKva D. tkm. 



raise 



AnacardidcecB Lindl. « t * • 1 •* 545 

I. PISTA CIA L.±f . 545 

Thb P18TACIA Trbe. 

Terebintkia Jius. 
Pt'atachier, Fr. 
Pistacie, Ger. 
PistacckiOt ItaL 

1. vera L. ¥ Syria - fig. 221. 545 

The true Pittacia Nut Tree. 

P. qfflcindrum Hort. Kew. 

Varieties - - 545 

2 trifolia L. 3^ 

3 narbon^nsis Boce. 5 

P. reticulata Wllld. 

2. 7'crebfnthus Z/. t 8. Europe 546 

The Turpentine Pistada. 
T. vulgdria Toum. 
P. vira Mill. 

Venetian, or Ckian, T^rpentiite Tree. 
PiMtachier Tihr^binthe, Fr. 
Terpentin Pistacie^ Ger. 
Terebinto, Ital. 

Variety - - 546 

2 sphcerocdrpa Dec. 2 

3. Lentfscus L. 1 Levant - 547 

The Ma«tich Tree. 

Varieties - - 547 

2 angustifolia i)e<;. f 

P. massili^is Mill. 

3 chia N. Du Ham, f 

P. cAla Desf. 

4. atl&ntica Desf. ¥ Africa - 548 

The Mount Altai Mastich, or Turpenime Tree. 

II. RUV'S X. 1! « i w« . 548 

The Sumach. 

§ i. Ci^^KM Toum. m . 548 

1. C6tinus L, a S. Europe f. 223. 549 

The Cotinus Rhua. 

Cdiinus Cogg^gria Soop. 

C6tinu» cortScea Duh. 

Ventu Sumach, Venice Sumach^Wild Olive. 

Sumach Fustett Arbre auM Pirufuei, 

Fr. 
PerUcken Sumack, Ger. 
Scotino, Ital. 

§ ii. Sumach Dec. S i£ 1 JJH 550 

2. typhina L, S N. America - 550 

The Fercr Rhus. 

R. virgtnidna Banh. 

Virginian Sumach, Siag*$ Horn Stumaeh. 

Varieties - - 550 

2 arbor^scens fViUd. 5 

3 frut^scens ft 

3. viridiflora Poir, 5f N. America 551 

The green-flowered Sumach. 
R. canadhue Mill. 



xl 



eONTENT& 



'.%■ Paffe 

4. glabra L. A N. America r.226. 551 
- Tht glabroiu Sumach. 

Varieties - - 551 

1 hermaphrodlta A 

K.^lo^ra Willd. 

2 dioica Xam. * 

3 ooccinca ^ 

R. caroUmidmum Mill. 
R. /j^ofu Ait. 

5. pikmila Michx, m N. America 552 

The dwarf Sumach. 

6. verniclfera jDec. 5f Japan - 552 

The Varnish-yielding Sumacn. 
Sitz, Urus.Japanete. 
R. v^mix L. 
R. juglandi/bimm Wali. 

7. venenata Z)<?r. m N. Am. f. 226. 552 

The poiionous Sumach. 
R. vimix L. 

Toxicodendron pinndtum Mill. 
Poison Smmacit Swamp Sumack, Poison 
Eider, 

8. Coriaria L, a South Europe 

fig. 227, 228. 553 
The hide-tanning Sumach, or Elm-leaved Su- 
. . mack. 



9. 



copallina L. a N. Amer. f. 229. 554 

Tlio Gum Copal Rhus, or MasHck-tree- 
ek. 



leaved SumaeA 



Variety 
2 leuc^ntha Jac. 



554 



Id ratUcans L, ±^ North America 

fig. 230. 555 
The rootivkg-bnsmeked Sumach. 

R. Toxicodendron var. m Michx. 
R. Toxicodendron var. fi Torrey. 

Varieties, 

1 vulgaris ^ . . 555 

R. Toxieodhtdron vulgdre Pursh. 
Toaisodendrom vnlgHret Mid T, vo- 
l^aUkWSi, 

2vol6bili8j| - 555 

Toxicodendron vottUtile MUl. 
^ ■ 3 micpocfirpa 1 - 555 

R. ToxicodMdronmicrocSrpon Ph. 

11. Toxicodendron L. ^± N. America 

"■•'■ fig. 231.556 

The Poison-tree Sumach. 

R. Toxicodendron <{fiercifblimm 'Michx. 

Toxicodendron jnAfscens Mill. 

R. 7. serrdtum Mttl. 

Poison Oak, Poisam 3M, Poison Vine. 



$ ill. Thezera Dec. A 
jl 2. pentaphylla Jt)esf, A Sicily 

*i ' The llTe-le*TMl SuniMh.' 



y§/ »syphina >#il. A Sicily 

like Sumacli. 
I tripnrtilH Ucria. 



- 556 
556 

551 



The Zl«vpha» like Sumadi. 



$ iv. Zofrcldivm Dee;. A . t. •.* > : .5^ 

14. suaveolens Ait. A CvroHiM - 557 

The ■wMt-tcentMl 8uinMch. 

MyHM trifMiU HoMll. 

15. aromdtica Ait, a N. America 557 

The aromatic Sumach. 
App. 1. Other Species of lUiU. - BSft 

R. loMu Hook. 

a. ■cuminkta Dte. 

R. AmiU D. Don. (K. Badkv-iffa^to H. B4 

a. baliaiDtekU O. Don, 

R. Ozyacintha IST. B. 

a. ffsyacanthtfldct £r. B. 

^ JUiMflfeg O. Don. . , 

a< hstcraph^lla ■ i : . . 



III. DUVAU'il Kunth, i 

Trb Duvaua. 

ScAintw Andr. 
Amyris Car. 



- 558 



1. dep^ndens Dec. 1 ChSl fig. ^3. 559 



The drooping-AranriM Davma. 
AmtfrU moljfgama Omv. 
8r*iniM dtfindeiu Ort. 
OHwrfft d^mdtno a Hook. 



2. ovita XtTuJZ. A Chili 

The anu.leattd Davma. 

3. latifolia GilL A Chili 

The broHd-Ieaved DuTaua. 
D. def4itdau y Hook. 



4. dcntata 2>ec. 



Chili 



The toothed-lniMrf Duvaita. 
}itkkma4eiMbiAa4x, 



SS9 

- fig.S4S.5Si 



App. i. Other Species of DwMt&fu 866 
App. I. Other Species of Anactudiikess, 360 

aeUa parTifU>ra H'ail. 
8. campanulku H'uU. 

Schlnus M4Ui L. A Braiil dg. SS4. 

S. ir. S Ardra L., S. Muggan Mol., and S. Tlrykta ffial. 

Trtcerm cochinchin^iuls. 

Heterodtfndion olecfbliuni On^. 

Htyloplitliun spathuUitam Dnf' 

Cta«6nim tricocrum I<. 

C. pulTenUtotam. 



Burser-acesB Kunth. - 56 1 



Baltamod^ndron eileadtfiue 

Amwr<« gUtadMrtt L. 
CaEArium Pfin^la IT^Nr- 
Faiputoum Q. Don. 



Amyriddcem Lindl. 



ilin«rlf tmtfiCTa ITUW. 
A. Ma«M(/kra L. 
i«.florkUiiaJVi«. 



fig. t35. Ml 
. Ml 



561 

S61 
A6I 



Leffumindcea* a a ^ & i ji • 561 

Sect. I. SopHOi'nBM, f - 563 

I. SOPHORA R. Br. t . - 562, 563 
Thb Sopbora. 



CONTENTS. 



xli 



I. ^i^okai Ir. Japan pi. 73, 74. 

Th« JaMA Sopliora. 



Ros. 

FttrieHet 
S Taiiegata HarL 
S p^ndula Hart, 1 pi. 75. 



563 



563 



IL VIRGITLO L. I 

TOB YfBGIUA. 



- 565 



1. lutea J^iickr. ± N. Amer. pi. 76. 565 
Tke jeOow-^vood^ Virgilia, or YeOow Wood, 



in. PIPTA'NTHUS Swi. 

The PtfTAiiTBC*. 

IlrnN^fM^iD. Don. 

' rWaU. 
Hook. 



- 566 



Aa^gMWaU. 
Aavttn0 1 



I. oepal^oflis Swt. m Nepal 237, 238. 566 

The Ncsnd Ptotanthut. 

fkermiptit labmmifblia D. Don. 
AM8#rt0 <MiMW WaU. 
BapSna iM]»al^«m Hook. 

A^ I. Haif'hanfy Spectea o/Sophdre«. 567 
tdt. 

JTinv tSD«**r« ii»CToeir|Mi SMftA), f. «99i 

8M. {S^hWm MtatolOTS iUf.) f. «40. 

WmuLOLniniiom ZAd. Cat.) 

ML Br. (Oamphfllibtnin miiciiliftiin Botf. 

bM*>r« wrfoM Bsf. Aq*.) f. Mt. 

vTbk. f. *a. 

,«r.r. •44. S4A. 
Br.CMft. 

Br. tS47. 




£949. 
airfCft.f.t51.tSt. 

f.«5S. 

«r. 1S54. 

ntarajphtOw JL Br. 

^ItaS8.S»7. 
Bat. Mmg. t.tS9. 
it. Br. Ctfil. 

anil*. r.ifiO. 



Sect. II. lAy^EM. 
1 m mjtit. 



1 f» 



2. nkna Forti, 



The dwarf Fune. 

U. minor Roth. 

U. europ4g'u$ fi Lin. 

3. provincials Lois, a 
The Prorence Furie. 



Britain 

fig. 264, 265. 575 



France - 575 



4. strfcta Mackay, m Ireland • 575 



. 571 



- 571 



The upright-jTourlN^Furze. 
U. hibimieauon. 
V./oiUgma Hort. 

V. STAURACA'NTHUS Link. 

Tub STAUHACA'NTHCg. 

IP/fcr Brot. 
Leq/Uu Puru. 

1. aphyllus Link, m Spain 

The leafless Stauracanthui. 
V^lex genittSidet Brot. 
U. mltis Hort. 

VI. 5PA'RTIUM Dec. m 

Thb Spanish Broom. 
Spartidntkm Link. 



576 



- 576 



. 576 



Genista Lam. 

Gertft dTEa 

Binsenartige l*frietnen, Ger. 



isparne, Fr. 
tuteP/H 



1. jdnceum L, a South Europe - 575 

The Rush-like Spanish Broom. 
GenUsta luncoM^ Lam. 
G. odordta Moench. 
Spartidnthtu \uneeu* Monach. 

Variety - - 576 

flore pleno • 

VII. GENI'STA Lam. • ^i^ •_! a 

• i-ja-J.«.«_jjkW» - 577 

7*HB Gbhista. 

Genista and Spdrttum^spec^ L. 
Qentt, Fr. 
Ghuter, Ger. 



1. parviflora Dec, • Levant 



T 



he small-flowered Genista. 

Spdrtium parv(fiitrum Vent. 

2. clavata Potr. • i_J Spain 

Th* clnb.«hape4-«a/wrerf GcniftB. 

8ptfT<lMm «rric«iMn Vent.| BOt of Alt. 



. 578 



- 578 



IV. C;^LEX L.mm 

Tas Fvan. 

Heckuume, Ger. 



1. europaera L. A Europe f. 262, 263. 571 

The European Furxe 

Gei^ta spHtdta L'Obel. 

U. grandifiim* Poor. 

U. 9emaUs Thore. 

Whin, Gorse, Friekky Broome. 

Jjcme eo mmun ^ Jone marM, Jomarin, 



Genit iphuuM 

Farietiet 
von ]^mo ai 
pnmneialis. 
stiicta. 



3. candicans L. • Levant fig. 267. 578 

The whItish-Mfj/acnf Genista. 
C^tisus cdndieans L. 
Cytistts piMscens Mopneh. 

4. trfquetra AU. -* Spain fig. 268. 578 
The trlangiilar-«<eifMn«df Genlflta. 

G. iriquelra Lam. ? 



5. bracteoUu Lk, m ^ 

The fanclMlatwl Qaalflta. 

6. umbelUta Potr. .a I 

The ombcUatet/IofOfrtrf Ocnitts. 
^rtUtm wmMUimm Dwfc 



571 



Variety a .^ 
2 capitata Dec, 



" 579 
Barbary - 579 
- 579 



7. lusit^nica L. ^ Portugal 

The Portugal GenisU. 
d 



- 579 



xlii 



CONTENTS. 



8. (1.) nAikUiScop, A Italy f. 269. 519 
The nyed-bratuked Genista. 

Spdrtium radiHtum L. 
G. ilvinait Dalech. 

9. ephedroides Dec, ^ Sardinia - 580 

The Ephedra-like GenitU. 

10. triacanthos Brot. A Portugal 580 
The three-»pined Genista. 
G. rostrdta Poir. 



Variety Sk 
2 interriipta Dec. it 



580 



- 580 



11. h6rrida Dec, A Pyrenees 

The horrid UcniiU. 

»farHum hdiridum Vahl. 
(J. eriMMca UiUb. 

12. syiv^stris Scop. A Austria - 580 

The Wood 0«nltts. 

U. kispdtUea Jacq. 

13. iSc6rnius Dec, A Europe - 580 

The Scorpion Genista. 

Spdrtittm Scdrpitu L. 
G. spin{fi6ra Lam. 
Scorpion Furte, Gerard. 

14. hispanica L. -tt Spain - - 581 

The Spanish Genista. 

Spanish Furze, Hort. 

15. &nglica Z. J* Europe f. 270. 581 

The English Genista, or Petty Whin. 
G. minor Lam. 

16. germanica L. a Europe f. 271. 581 

The German Genista. 



8c6rp*us $pindiu* Mcench. 
V6gUr» spinosa Fl. Welt. 

Variety A 

2 in^rmis Dec, A 



581 



17. p^rgans L. A France • - 581 

The parKinK Ocnitts. 

SpdHium ptrgatu L. 

18. sericea Widf. ^ Austria - - 581 

Th« kUk; tJ«ni>U. 



19. humifiisa L. Je Levant 

The tnillng Oeni«u. 

20. aphylla -Dec, A Siberia 

Tne leafless Genista. 

Spdrtium tmkyllmm L. 



- 582 

- 528 



G. mrgdta Lam. 



€]. roonosperma Lam. a Mediterranean 

fig. 272. 582 
The one-seeded Genista. 

Spdrtium mono*p4rmum L. 
O. Rsetam Fornk. 

S2. sphieroc^rpa Lam, A S. Europe 582 

The iMMBd-frnlted QcnUta. 

~ ' L. 



8S. cthninris Dec, A Etna fig. 273. 582 

The Mount Stiui 0«iiiiia. 

epdfUum tTia j p A iimm ttmlth. 



24. scari^sa Viv. A Naples 



The 



serKNi^iiieiVMM*MBraB 



o< 



583 



25. anx4ntica7Vw.-* Nap. f.274, 275. 583 

Tb« Anxantic Genista. 

G. tmudntiea Tenore. 



26. tinctoria L, ^ Europe f. 276. 583 

The Dyer's Broom, or Green Weed. 

Bate Broom, Green Weed, Dyer*$ Weed, 

H'ood-waxen. 
Genit dtt Teinturier$, Oenit de SibMe, 

Fr. 
Fartfender Gintter, Ger. 



Varieties jm 

2 latifolia Dec, j 

3 hirsikta Dec. Jt 

4 prat^nsis PoSL 



- 583 



27. (t.) sibirica 

The Siberian ( 



L, A Siberia 

Genista. 
Genistifldes eldta Moench. 
G. tinctAria var. N. Du Ham. 



- 584 



28. (t.) tetragona ^CMer. J* Podolia 584 

The quednngulsr-frrendM Gcntea. 

29. (t. ) polygalaefolia Dee. A Port. 584 

The Milk wort-leaved Genista. 
G. polueaUpkMia Brot. 
G.er«i]f<>taLtnk. 
U. timetbria Ituitdniea mdatiwim Toom. 

30. (t.) fldrida L. A Spain - - 584 

The florid Genista. 

31. m&ntica PoU. Jk Italy - - 584 

The Mantaan Genista. 

32. ovata Waldst, A Hungary • 584 

The oyvXe-Uaved Genista. 
G. nervdUa Kit. in Litt. 

33. p&tula Bieb. A Tauria - - 584 

The spreading Gcnkta. 

34. triangularis WtUd, m Hungary - 584 

~ \\»t-stemmtd Genista. 

(^mttra Waldst.. not of Ait. 



The txUtnguXustemmtd Genista. 
G.Tr^e 



35. sagittalis L, ^ Europe, fig. 277. 585 

The arroW'Jointed Genista. 
G. herbdcea Lam. 
Genist^Ua racemdaa Moench. 
SaUxwedeliA iogitUlUt Fl. Wett. 

Variety wit - - 585 

2 minor Dec, ^ 



36. diffiisa Wind. -* Italy 

The dlffiue Genista. 

G. kttmifita Wolf. 

Spdrtimn proc^mhtmi Jaoq.. not of Ait. 



- 584 



37. nrostrata Lam, ^ France fig. 278. 585 

The prostrate Genista. 

G. pendicuUta L'H(rit. 
G. decumbent Dur. Boura. 
G. HdlterX Reyn. 

38. proc6mben8 Wtddat, et Kit, ^ 

Hungary - - 585 

The procumbent Genbta. 

39. pilosa L, ^ Europe - fig. 279. 586 

The hairy GcnicU. 
O. ripent Lam. 
Geniitolde* tubereuUUu Mcrach. 



40. pilocirpa Link, Jk . 
The hairy..fruited Genista. 



- 586 



App. i. Hardy Speciet of GentMta not yet t«. 

trodmeed, - . 586 

O. mdllls Dee. 

9p4rHmm mdUt Cav. 



CONTENTS. 



xliii 



P««« 







Mim. 




L'lUiU. 



6. 

6. 
6. 

C 
6. 



IHcmmJMhn CftT. 



«Dirf: 




VIU. Pwap. 



fc. F l a w s Hx* «tf Loia. 



App. iL Half-hardy Speeie$ of Geniata. 

aiJ a— I . 588 



' iwiiKTbiIi r M| I 

Km^Smm dUitmma C99. 

qfHtma MiiBiTin— t Po«f. 

f ■■iniii r ^ . I* r^ 

-' iliWIrfM lM</afia Mttnch. 

I DM. 



C«T. 




Bnrclu 
roi^rMMn Wind. 
LaU. 

Vfll. CY'TISUS Dec. $ m d 

^ Jt - . - 588 

Tbb Cytiscs. 

Cyftna and SfNirittcm, ^p^c, L. 

■DdLain.,lto. 
Q^M««, Fr. 
&»ktnenbaum^ Ger. 

§ L AOmrmoldes Dec. A - 589 

1. albus lAf^. A Levant fig. 282. 589 

The white Cytiaiu. or Porttigai Broom. 
Genfffli dOa LoD. 
Spdrtmm dibmn Detf . 
^artium mulHfi&rttm Ait. 
Spdrtium ditpirnmm Mcmcfa. 
GmUta fmUra&ra N. Da Ham. 
fiM9t»iM» W finer* Mmicibr*, Fr. 
wcii9t lyViVfimt. Cer. 



S incamatuB 



- 590 



Pac« 

§ li. iMbumum JHc. S A - 590 

2. Ldhdmum L. ¥ Europe f. 77. 590 

The common Laburaum. 
C. alpknmg Lam. 
Beam-treMIe Trtt^ and PauonI TVw, 

Gerard. 
Tea Tree, Scotch. 
Golden Cham. 
VAubowM, FuuM E'hhUer^ Arhoia or Are 

Bois, Fr. 
Gemeine Bohnenbamm, Ger. 

VarUHea t - - 590 

2 ^ercifoUum Hart, It pi. 78. 

3 pendulum Hor/. S 

4 foliis vari^^tis ft 

5 purpurivscens Hort. It 

C. L. iwfTn^rrttm Hort. 

C. Addml Pair. 

C. L. eocdneum Baum. 

3. (L.) alpinus MiU. IE Alps pi. 79. 591 

The Ah>iD«>, or Scotch, Laburnum. 
C ttolmmum fi Ait. 
C. angutt(f(Uium Moench. 
C. haoumnm var. tattfdtium Pers. 
Cjifstise des Alpes, rAuoowrs, Fr. 



/l«en BohneAbaimi, Ger 
Maggio pendoUno, Ital. 

Faruffy 1? 

2 p^ndtilus ^ pi. 80. 



- 591 



4. nigricans L, A France f. 283. 593 
The bladi Cytlsui. 

5. sessilifblius L. A Fr. f. 284» 285. 594 

The sessile-leaved Cytisuf . 

6. triflorus VHerit. » South Europe 

ii^. 280. 594 
The three-flowered Cytisus. 
C. viUdtut Pour. 



7. mollis WilkL A - - 595 

The mA CyticiM. 

8. patens L, A Portugal - 595 

The spreading Cytisus. 

C. pendulinus L. Fll. 
Genista tomentbaa Poir. 
Spdrtium patens L., not of Cav. 

9. i^randiflonis Dec. A Portugal - 595 

The gvMt-flowvivd Cytisttt. 

e^rttwngrmdifltinm BnC. 

10. icoparius Lhdc, A Europe f. 287. 595 

The common Broom. 

Spdr titan tcopArium L. 

Genista tcopdria Lam., not of VIlI. 

Genista hirsiUa Momch. 

Genii d Balais, Qenit eomtmam^ FK 

Gemeine Pfriemen, Ger. 

Varieties A 

2 ilbus Hoi^. 

3 flore pl^no Bort. a 



- 595 



§ iii. CaJycotome Link. 



597 



II. spinas Xam. A S. Europe., r 5§7 



Th« wekuj Cjtbus. 

S"-*^ mntemii I. 

d 2 



xUv 



CONTENTS. 



1^. lanlgerus Z)«e. m -^ S. Europe 

Tti* vool-bMrtec Crtimu. 

CatwHtamt vWbta Link. 
BpiMfsm tiltbnm Brot. 

Variety m —J 
3 rigidiu Dec. ft . 



- * 



597 



597' 



§ iv. TubocythuB Dec ill ^ Jt 598 

13. Ieuc4nthus Waldsi* et Kit, Austria 

fig. 288. 598 
The white-flowered Cytisiu. 

14. purpi^reus Scop, Jk Austria 

fig. 289, 290. 598 
The purplt-Jlowered Cytisus. 

Variety jt - - 598 

3 flore ilbo Hort. jk 

.15. elongatus fVaidst. et Kit. a Hun. 598 
The elongated Cytitua. 

16. multifldras lAndf, A Europe 599 
The many-flowered Cytiiiu. 

C. eUmgitus Hort., not of Kit. 
C. ehmghhu fi mmU(fldru$ Dec. 

17. fftlckus fPo/d^f. etKit.m Austria 599 
The ticlfXe-Wte-podded Cytitui. 

18. austriacua L, A Austria f. 291. 599 

The AufCriaa C^iiiu. 

19. suplnus Jacq, 4^ Europe f. 292. 599 

The iuplne Crtuut. 
C. loioldkf Pdor, 

20. hirsiitQa L, A Hungary 
T^ hairy Cjtisvs. 

C. eupinuM Bertol. 

C. Ififlkrmf Lam., not of L'H^rit 

C. 7bum^fbrtU»m Loie. 



- 599 



.J 



21. capitatuS Jacq, A Italy 
Th« hfrnSieA-Jlowertd Cytisus. 
C. k&iktus Lam. 
. C. tm/AMiit L. 






600 



22. oili^tus WM. m 

The dllat^-jwdU^if Cytifua. 



600 



1^ pol^tnchus Bitb, .m Tauria - 600 

The* many-haired Cytisui. 

§ V. Loioldes Dec . - 600 
1^4. aifi^teus Z -« France - 600 

■ Tw liWery Cytlcoi. 

LdWw fyrfw^ftrt Brot. 



25, calydnus ^ir&, ^ Caucasus - 601 

The /ar^r.calyxed Cytiym. 
C. pattei/tirtuynvUL 



96, n^nus W^d, Jk Levant fig. 293. 601 

fbe dwarf Cytitua. 



$ Ji, ChrondnthuM Dec a 
'4^^ orienlAlis L&ie, a Levant 

CorinSlI«. Ae.^ .OmaH aad V«U. Herb. 



- 601 

-, 601 



App. L Zford^ j;peae« ^ Cytiau$ mat yd 

introduced, .. • ^1 

C. ■rMnoi Dec. 

%p4rtiwm arhbrn m Derf. 

OewMa m4«^i/« Pair. 
C. W«ldcn< Vbiwl. 
C. ilUdiu iVr. 
C. bifl6ras L'H^rH. 

C. nmimtf Jaoq. 

C. kTrtiUm Gmci. 

C. MrcirfM and C. tuf^mna Bfab. 

C. i*M>cT«wp(<hMu« Begs. 
Far. S glkber L. 

3 subsujn^icens. 
C. Mrdtlnut A'r^ in LUi. 
C. pygms^ut H'i/M. 
C. pontlcut B^i/M. 

C. fdn«c«w kmmifknu mdgmtjbm. 
C. can^aooM £.«f«. 
C. africkam Loi*. 

C. i^ic^Niw hirtttu$ amgiuHf^lim*. 
C. procerus Link, 

Spdrtitnn p roeim m . 
C. ? pf nlrus Burnt. 

App. ii. Half-hardy Species of Cytitut, 

rncj . - 608 

C. proliftnu L. A i_J fig. so«. 

C. p«llldiia F»tr. 

C. nuMgcnut Link, tt » I 

Mdrfi'mn nnbtgtnmn Ait. 

C. «Mpras*Mi(in L. Pil. 

C. frdffrant Lam. 
C. bractcoUittu Horf . 
C. tetragoiMSctadiu HoH. 
C. nccmbfiu Horl. 

App. iii. Anticipated hardy and hatf-hardg 
Species of CyUsus, - 60B 

IX. ADENOCA'RPU8il<rr,*aU603 
Tbb Adbkocaupvb. 

Genista. 

1. hispanicus i>c. A Spain • 608 

The Spanish Adenocarpiu. 

C^tinu higpdnieu* Lam. 
K^tisus Anagfris L'Htrit. 

2. interm^dius Dec, A Port. f. 895. 608 

The intermediate Adenocarpui. 
Crista comptidLttu Brot. 

3. parvifolius Dec. * France f. 296. 603 

The small-leaved Adenocarpiu. 

C(fthtu parvifbUuM N. Du Ham. 
Cyium* di9ttricfHus L'Hirit. 
Cytisut oompUcdtmt Dec. 
Spdrtium eonytUdUmm I^ia. 

4. telon^nsis Dec, m Pyren. f. 297. 6(H 

The Toulon Adeno(»rpus. 

Cjftitut tekmintis Lois. 
^pdrtium compUciUttm Gouan. 

App. i. Half 'hardy Species of Adenoedrput. 

• L-J - 604 



A. firankefiiold'es Chols. • l- 
Genista viscbta Willd. 

A. foliolbsus Dec. ^i I 

C^Usmfolioibtnt AIL 



6M 



X.ONO'NIS L. ft.siji_jiLU«.-j6a4 
Tm Rbcthabiiow. 

Knimit and ViUrijt Monch. 
ArrSte-benif, Bmgrmme, Fr, 
Haneekelf (iea. 



CONTENTS. 



xlv 



1. frnticdni X. m Europe fig. 298. e04 



Farietf ft - - 605 

2 microphylla Dee, A 
O.Jinttieb$a Amo. 

S. rotundiioliA £. ^ Alps fig. 899. 605 






Variety 
% arisUU Dec. 



- 605 



3. (r.) tribracte^ta Z)«r. ^ Carinthia 605 



4. iVatrix i>ee. ^ _I Europe fig. 30a 605 

Th* 



606 

. Boi. 

- 606 
- 606 



T. aragoD^nstt Awto, Jt Spidn - - 606 



5. arenaria Z>ec. ^ -J France 

6. eenisia L. Jt France 

SComt Cflult RMthwTOW. 
a cTHMta AfiD. Diet. 



Variety Jt 

t solwrisato Drc. ja 
U. MMa Ai 



App. L OcAcr guffimticoMe Speeie$ of Oi^U, 
tt.uJ tt._l . - 606 




.801. 



XL AMCTRPHA £,.••-! 

Taa Amobpha, or BtuSard Indigo. 
BoiutfUUa Kack. 



606 



1. frutic^fla L. m N. America f. 302. 607 

The shrubby Amorpha. 
WM ItkKf, 
EattM Tndigo. Fr. 
Mrgmekartiger Ut^i^rm, Ger. 

Varieties A - - - 607 

2 angustUolia Pureh, A 

3 emarginata iVr«A. A 

4 l«ewi8tt Lodd. Cat. A 

5 csriklea Zxidef. Co/. A 



Km* 
5; (f.) cr6ceo-lan^ta Wats. A ^ * 

North America - fig. 304. 608 

The SaA-on-coloared woolly Amoipha. 



6. 



Tb« 



can^scens Nutt. m 

e canescent Amorpha. 
f A. pmb6*ceH$ Porsh. 



N.Am. 608 



eOj9 



i. (f.) glabra />rtf. 



N. America 607 



3. (t) nl[na yutt. ja _i N. America 607 
The dwarf Amorpha. 

A. mtetopSgOa Porsh. 

4. (f.) fragrans Swt. A North America 

fig. 303. 608 

The ftagnwt Amarpha. 
A. adbM.Simfi 



XII. ROBINZ-^ L.J(t^M 

Thb RoBiNiA, or LocuMt Tree. 

Pseudaeda'a. 
RobnUer^Tr. 
Robmie, Ger. 

1 

1. Pseud-Aacia Zrm. North America 

pi. 81, 82. fig. 305. 609. 
The common RobinU, or FaUe Acacia 
JEtcJ^fndmene rieudacticia Roxb. 
Pseudacuda odordta Momch. 
iMcuMt Tree, Amer. 

The Bastard Acaeia. ^ , : 

Acacia btane, Caromge det Amiriiama^Yt, 
Gemeine Acacia, SeXotendom, Ger. 

VarieOea If - - 609 

2 fidre likteo DwmmL S 

3 in^mis Dec. *t 

4 crispa Dee. 5 

5 umbraculifera Dee. £ pi. 99. : 

R. m^rmuii Dum. 

6 tortuosa Dec. ± pi. 84. 

7 MpAorafolk LodiL €at. S ^I 

8 amorphaefdiia Lk. ¥ 

9 strlcU Lk. 1 

10 proc^ra Xodci Cat. t 

1 1 pendula Ort. 2 

12 monstrdsa Xocici. Cat. ^ 
IS roacroph^lla I^idkLOiif; IP 

1 4 microphylla Xcdtf. Oit, IE ' 

R» oiViM^Cfd'te Hori. > 

15 spect6biKs Dum. ¥ ' 

16 latisillqua Prince*i Cat ^ .q 

2. [P.] viscdsa Vent. .'St North. Ah^erica 

pi. 85. fig. 336. 626 
Tlie clammy-torA<r(f Robinia. 

R. ^^indM Curt. . ..V'V. 

R. monidna Bartram. / 

Tke Rose-Jlowering Locust. 

S. dikbia Fauc It Hybrid. - < ^ 6)2!7 

ThcdoDbtfblRnbiniJk 

A. kifbrUa Andlb. 

R. omMffiM Pair. 

? A. tdSuta MUl. DM. 

a. jflterm^dto SoaUnge-Bodln. 



:> 



•-/■> 



N. Amer. f. SO^i 6!?7 



: 6*28 



4. hispida L. i 

The hispid RobiaU, or So$e Acacia, : 
R. TOtea N. Du Ham. 
R. monidna Bartr. Voy. 
JEsc ky ndmene kkspida Roxb. 

Varieties A .a 

2 n4na Z>«c. ja 

3 r6sea Purak. A . ''' 

4 macrophylla Dee. A pi. 96. 

R. grandiflbra Hort. 

XIII. CARACAS NA Lam. 5 *>*, . 69tP 

Tub Cabagana, or Siberian /NwTVfl 



xlvi 



CONTENTS. 



Vtgt 

1. arbor^cens Lam. 'i^ Siberia pi. 87. 629 

The arborescent Caragan*. 
Bobinitk CaragAna L. 
C. sibirica Ray. 
AcaciedfSihirie, lUbinie de Stb^rie, Arbre 

aux Pots de» Russes, Fr. 
Sibirische Erbsenbaum^ Ger. 
Gorochoi'k, Kum. 



Varieties t 
2 inermis Hort, ¥ 



- 629 



2. (sl) Altagdna Voir. A S'lber, f. 308. 630 

The Altanuia Caragana. 

Robtnia. Altag^na PaU. 
Carag&na microphylla Lam- 

3. (a.) microphvlla Dec. A Siberia 630 

The tmall-Ieaved Caragana. 
Robin\A micropk^Ua Pall. 
Caragina Altagitna var. Poir. 

4. (a.) Redowskt Dec. ^ Siberia 630 
Redowski*B Caragana. 

Variety a* - - 631 

2 prae'^coz Fitch, jt 

5. (a.) arenkria Donn and Sims. A 

Siberia - - fig. 309. 631 
The Sand Caragana. 

6. frut^censD^. A Russia r.310. 631 
The ihruhby Caragana. 

RoblnSsLfrtUiscens L. 
C. digttdta Lam. 

Varieties A « - - 631 

1 latifolia A 

2 angustifoHa A 

7. (f.) ni611i8 Bess, js Tauria - - 631 

TheMftCangoM. 

juA^nU «Mtf/f« BM». 
IbiMitU Ummfwtitta riach. 
C./. Mr.mdl/ifDiac. 

8. pvgmae^ 2>f r. J* Siberia f. 311. 631 

The prgmy Caragana. 
/MdnidL pygmar^a L. 

raWe/y j* - - 632 

2 arenaria Ft«cA. j* 

9. spinosa Dec. A China - - 632 
Tue spiny Caragana. 

JioMnla sptnbsa L. 
RoblH\Ajhrox Pall. 
i{o6fnia Mmnosissima Laxm. 
CJhro* Lam. 

10. /ragacanthoides Potr. A Siberia 632 

The Goat's-tbom-llke Caragana. 
AoMnia UagacofUkoXdcs Pall. 
A>6lnia fiuMT^fcaisMa Lodd. Cat. 



- 633 



ia - 633 



11. jubata Poir. j* Siberia 

The crested Caragana. 
/toMniainMia PaU. 

12. grandiflora Dec. A Gee 

The ffreat-flowered Caragana. 
AoAtitia gramdiftbro Bieb. 

13. Chamlagu Lam. A China r.3l4. 633 
The Chamlagu. or Vhmese, Cxragana. 

iZoMida Chamligu L'Hhit. 



XIV. HALIMODE'NDRON ruch!^i 

634 
The Halimodbnoron. or Salt Tree. 

Haloddndron Dtc.y not of Petit 
Thooars. 

1. arg^nteum Dec^ A Siberia f.315. 634 

The tVLynj'Uaved Hallmodendron. 
Ao6inia HaUkUndron L. 
Carag4na argAttea Lam. 

Varieties A . -634 

1 vulgare Dee. A 

2 brachysema Z>ec. A 

2. (a.) subvirescens Don. A Siberia 634 

The greenish Haltmodendon. 
RobiniA tr(/tdra L'Herit. 
H. argdnUum fi smbvir^soens Dee. 

XV. CALOTHACA FUch. • - 635 

Thb Calophaca. 

C6tisus PaU. and L. 
CvNttea Lam. 
Adenoc6rpus Spreng. 

1. wolg4rica Fisch. A Russia f. 316. 635 

The Wolga Calophaca. 

Cptisus Higriams Pall. Ittn. 
C^titu* pnm^hts Pall. Fl. Rom. 
Cytisus woigdricMS L. 
Coliitea ufolgiirica Lara. 
Adcnocdrpms wolgituis Spreng. 



XVI. rOLUTEA R. Br. A 

Thb CoLirTEA, or Bladder Senma. 



. 635 



1. arborescens L. A Europe f. 317. 635 

The arborescent Colutea. 
C. kirsii£a Roth. 

2. (a.) cnienta yli/. A Levant f. 816. 636 

The hloody-Jlowered Colutea, or Oriemiml Bhi- 
der Henna. 

C. orientdlii Lam. 
C. tanguinea Pall. 
C. fiptera Schmidt. 
C. kUmilis Scop. 

3. (a.) media WUld. A Hybrid - - 635 

The intermediate Colutea. 

4. (a.) huleppica Lam. A Syria - 637 

The Aleppo Colutea. 
C. Pocdckii Ait. 
C. istria MUl. Diet. 
C. procwnbens L*HMt. 

5. nepalensis Hook. A Nepid f.319. 637 

The Nepal Colutea. 



XVII. >l STRANG ALUS D^r. 

Thb Milk Vetch. 



637 



1. Tragacantha L. n. S. Europe f.320. 637 
The Goat's Thorn MUk Vetch, or Oreat Ooafi 
Thorn. 

A. massiU'Auis Lam. 
^. creticus - fig. 3SI. 630 

App. i. Other ligneous Species of Astrigahs 
in Cultivation. . - 6S8 

A. altUoM Ledd. 
A.tK\Uk»mL'H^rk.1S, ^.Sft. 
A. brvTtfbUiu Lodd. fiff. 5V3. 
A. tatmkWkxuitt Lami. 

t A. Tn^arrfufiU Mr. mcitk mUUjltittn. 



CONTENTS. 



xlvii 



PbK* 



A|ip. it Hardff SpecieB cf Atir&gabu not 
yet introduced. - • 6S8 



App. I. Smffrutieose hardy Species bekmging 
to tkt Tribe Ldle«. * «. tt.i-1 - 639 




ApfK II. Htdf-hardy Ugneotu 
l.i_J - - - - 

R. Br. * I I - 

£.•«. ftl_J ««. Sift. 

8w. ftL_J 



Species of 

L^ tt.-J 

- - 639 



699 



f>39 



iL^J flg.3S6. 
lt.Br.tklt 



'•Vi 



a 9niu. ft « t 




• 


639 


- 


640 


ftff.3S7. 


640 


flf.Stt. 


640 


3S9. 3S0. 


640 
640 



rJkM6. ftU-J fig. S3S. 
Rot. Cab. 
Stan. «. uJ 
•uUiOtlta Bar. ir«c« fig- 334. 
OkMos/kK. ... 

ybttkim Thotlk. tk |_J 

^mva^iOam earataam rtenA. ft lJ 
l-ftl_J 
CftuJ fig. 396. 



640 



- 640 

. 640 

• 640 
. 640 

- 640 

. 640 

• 640 



• 641 



641 
641 



fig. 335. 641 
. 641 



Uj«.l-J«--J 
J«vi«L.ftLJ fig. 337. 
Is Lmm. 



641 
641 



Jinh 



Dmfbmr7 
• WiOd. 



L.m fig. 



ImlM. 



641 



UtmL. 

crMcw L. t". (_J 
OUhylUildfli Frtrf. CL l_J 
•tropurpdrciu /Hrr. CL i I 
iacoteSik L. tt. (^ lig. 339. 

qicculbills 
Caxmiclui^lMi auktrUia Jt. Br. ft l_J 

PwiriilcR L. ft ZD *UJ 

Mtumindaa I., ft i I 

gUndultea L. ft | | fig. 340. 341. 

duMkciu Baib. ft Z^ 

plit^U DtiU. 

Obtusifolia iiec. 
Indigtffen I., ft I I tt. |_J 

dniodAu Jac^. tt. | | fig. 31«. 

amoeHia Ait. tt. i I 

atropurptkm HmmUt. ft ■ I 

aiutrklU WUM. tk \ | flg. 943. 

KjUktictL BM>. ft(_J 
/. mngutAta UnC. lUg. 
Svabutoja s«iiib. ft i_J 

galCKifblli A. Br. ft |_J fig. 344. 

conmillKfoUa SatUb. ftL^J 

imttrtia^fMia Dec. ft |_J 
Ltmtrtia Dec. B- L_) 

fhitio6u limi. tL L.J flg.34S. 

Sutberl&ndia frut^scens A. Br. ft 
niicroph^lla Burch. 



H-gj 

C4t 



«4t 

b4« 



64S 



. 643 

- 643 
(Ig. S46. 643 



Sect. III. /Tedtsa^hea. 
XVIII. CORONFLLA AVcfr. A 

THB CORONILLA. 



643 



1. E'merus L. A S. Europe f.347. 644 

The Scorpion Senna CoronUla. 

E'merus m^}or Mill. Icon., t. 132. f. 1. 
E'mfrui minor Mill. Icon., t. 182. C 2. 
C. pauciflhra Lam. 

2. juijcea L. * France - f. 348. 644 

The TUitiy- branched CorooUla. 

App. i. Half-hardy ligneous Spedes of 
CoroniUa. ft^ . • 644 

C. ttipnUiti Lsm. ft _J fig. 349. 

(!. taltfUina h. 

C. kUydmca Mill. 
C. |>ente|ih$rUa Derf. ft ^ 
C. gUdca L. ft _J fig. sao. 
C. arg^tcA L. ft __J 
C. mulUfl6n Dkc. ft _J 

App. I, Hardy suffruHcose Species ofHedy* 

sdreee. A . . 645 

Hed^iarum fratlcwam L. Sk . ^45 

App. II. Half-hardy ligneous Secies of 

Hedysurea. It? I ft tkZD ftuJ «.(_! 

ft— J n-ZD - - - .645 



Ulvpoer^pis balnirica Jac^, ft I 
AcUimla bac. 

■nicrophiUa Hook. flg. 353. 354. 
LoudJ^fa Hook. fig. 355, 356. 
TiavbM cut. tt Hook. fig. 867. 
u«pallat«iiii« QUI. 
Urkria Owr. ft L-J 

arbbrea O. Dun. ft » I 

HcdyMrwm ar fcftrnm t Banilt. 
D«ani6diuin Dee. ft I __^ - 
ret&sum O. Dom. ft ~] 
Ucrfj^jamiR reeMMmHainUt. 
Dlctfnna Aegans Dte. tt. ~^ 
Hatf.^mm «%■«« Lour. 
Zdmia /tegmni Pen. 
Tavcrnitea Dec. tt. |__J 

numnmUrla Dm. tt. i I 
H«(sr«arttin OttWtl Sprtng. 

Lnpadtea Michz. ill 

AnitAcana Prr*. A 
Plcfntagia KmiaUkU Jtoab. tt. ZH 



fig.351.S5S. 645 
- 6i» 



645 
645 
646 
646 

646 



xlviii 



CONTENTS. 



crMcalnlLLj - 646 

Amtk^ crtffiM Tun. 
Aik*£i Muaxbrom Tmrn. tt. |_J - • 646 

H0d4aanan Albktfi L. 
AlMfi mattmiftra DmT. 
OmbiUi ntitdta Uaawlq. 
Miiima Mtrdiea D. Don. 

CU&nthus punicraa Sotand. ? 'i-J fig. 358. 646 

Donia punieea of G. aDoDTDon. 

Sect IV. Phaseo'le^. Jjk I.ZD I.LJ647 

XIX. WISTA^R/J Nutt. -i -* - 647 

The WiiiTARiA. 

Glycine tp. L. 
Tkyr$Antku» Bjliot. 
Kraunkia Rafin. 

1. frutescens Dec. ^ N. Amer. f. 359. 647 

The ahrubby Wistaria. 

Glycine frutescens L. 
k'piosfmUscens Pursh. 
An&nymus frutdscens Walt. 
fVistariA specidsa Nutt. 
ThyrsanihusfrttUscens Elliot. 
Pluueolo\dfs Hort Angl. 
TA^ Kidnfybean Tree. 

2. chinensis Z>m -i China f. 360. 648 

The Chinese Wistaria. 

Glycine chinensis Sims. 
QlMCine sinensis Ker. 
trtstdriA Consegfuana. Loudon. 

App. i. OMtfT Species of WistdritL. Jt 648 

W.fl«t1M]WU0w. 'A . „- - - 648 



App. I. Si^ffhiticoie hardy or htdf-kardy Spe- 
cieM of Ffuueidea, ii _J - 649 




Lnplaat M btrwu Sinw. iH .J 
iL. inultHlteiu Omtoim. il ^ 
Ih AlbUVem Bral*. 
£. MaahallMoM Swt. iiff.86S. 



fiff. 961. 



Uy 

JL. palchtilus Swt. 



App. II. Half -hardy Species of Fhtueblea, 
trD tuJ - - 649 

MUehn UffBtaM L. i. l_| 
PaehyrliiniitiilolKu Ok. ||_ ^ 
JMckottrHobua Imux. 



BnrthiUu CrMa.fftflli L. 2^] 
^B. CrMa^5 Bot. Kef. 

Sect. V. Cassib^jb t. * - 660 
XX. GLEDI'TSCHiW L. $ - 650 

Tbb Glkditscbia. 

Kdtda sp. Fluk. 
FMer^ Fr. 
GbumscUe^Gn. 

1. triac4nthos L, t N. Am. pi. 88, 89. 650 

The three-thomed Gleditscliia, or Honey Locust. 
G. triaednthot var. n poiyspirma Mart. 
G. meUIoba Walt. 
G. spinisa Du Ham. 
AcAcr'a triacdntkos Hort. 
kedcia americdna Phik. 
FAfftfr d'Amdrique^ Pr. 
TAonv jleocCo, Aovrl Locust, United 

StatM. 
Car0««r a JCM, Canada. 

I Variety ^ - - 650 

9 iti^rmiii Dee. J. pL 90, 91. 
0. Itihrtt Hort. 



2» (t.) monoBptona Walt^t N. Anflrict 

fig.364. 653 

The one-seeded GledUadiia. or fMUrr IkM. 
G. etualintlmsis Ltm. 
G. aqudtica Marsh. 
G. iriacdntka Gaert. 

3. (t.) brachyc6rpa Pvrth. t North 

America - - - 653 

The short-fndted Gleditschla. 
G. triBctimtkos fi Michx. 

4. sinensis Lam. £ China pi. 92. 654 
The Chinese Gleditschia. 

G. hdrrida Willd. 

Varieties. ± 

2 in^nnis iV. i>tt ^aM. 1 pL 9S. 

G-JapiinicmlAtdA. 
G.Javdtu'ca hsm. 

3 major Hort. S - -654 

G. hdrrida mijor Lodd. 

4 nina ITorf. 1^ . pL 94. 6.54 

G. h. ndna Hort. 

5 purp{krea Hort, J pi. 95. 654 

O. h. pufpitrea Lodd. 
Other Varieties - -654 

5. (s.) macracantha Desf. $ Cbiim 

pL96. 654 

The long-spined Gledltichia. 
G.firox Baudr. 
FMer d grosses Efptnes, Fr. 

6. (s.) ferox Desf. $ China • 665 

The terodowt-prtckled GledilKUa. 
G. orientdlis Ek>sc. 
F(^w>r hirissi, Fr. 

7. c^spica Z)ex/^ 5^ Caspian • - 665 

The Caspian Gleditschia. 
G. caepihna Bote. 

Variety 1L - - 655 

2 subvir^acens flart. S 

App. i. Other SorU of GlediUch\au 1 S55 

O. micncintha Bort. Aw. 0w4. J^ 
G. Bttfui Hovt. 8oc. Oard. 
O. pnc*cox Hor<. Soe. Omrd. 
O. •qotfUea I^nU. 

O. orimUlU LMf^ *3t 

O. iDdica Per*. 5f 

XXI. G YMNO'CL ADUS /;«». j 656 

The Gymnoclaoub. 

1. canadensis Xam. ^ Canada 

pi. 97, 98. 656 
The Canada Gymnocladua, or Ktmimcka Csitt 
Tree. ^^ 

Gutlandhu, dioicm L. 
Hyperanthira diolca VahL 
flicker Tree, and Shmm IVw, Uidled 
States. 1^ 

Bonduc, Chiquier, Ft. 
Chicot, Canadian. 
Canadischer Sekmsserhmmn, Cm. 



XXII. CEHCIS L. 5 

The Judas Tan. 



-,657 



iitigudstrmn 
Jamier. Fr. " 



COVTSVT8. 



xlix 



•« 



pi. 99, 100. 657 




G^nier eammmm, ArhM 4» Jmiit, Fr. 
Arbol iCAmor, Span. 

Faneties 2 « - -658 

S panrifl^nim D^e, A 
S flore £tbido Horf. t 
4 rosea Ofrt. % 

I canadensis L. ± Ctiiada pL 101. 659 

The C«n»la Judai Tne. 

Saiqmdatrum e^rdHmm Manch. 
Std Bird Tttt, Amor. 
BomUm M»vte,WT. 

FarieHet S - - 659 

2 pub^seens A. 1 

3 Foreman's new Tariety. It 

hff, L HalfJuard^ Speeiu of the Tribe 
CastQm, mZD fti-J - 660 



Car. 



1. t LJ fic.S65.966 



Cm* I. 



8«%<itLj if- 387. 



C^^ ea»y«i^k*M Lam. 
HAtoJtaf^A^ i»S69. 

App. L tXAer half-hardy ligneous Species of 
the Order Legtmun^cece, - 661 



Pan* 
SL Cot^fugdio^mndUB. a|_| Ji:d . £M 

J. f w n mf ftf imu. ^ (^ 

J.CB>oiim«f&Ha Owtf. • I 

J. inilchAU A. Br. Ift (J fig.SM.SIS. 

A dtftinou fiirre*. tt t_J 

J. Tiiidizimis BiireA. 

3. Spicifl&rof. ii-J •lJ • -564 

A. lophantha Wittd. m iJ 6g. 387. 

AlsplUoth* WilU. * I I flj(. 387. 

M iw» M #<«yM floL Rep. 

J. cAfrB iruu. f i] 

JVJMOM «kA« Tbanb. 
^.ilbidiDilil. rH lJ 

4. Giobifidrm. 1 i_J - - 666 

il. farnesiana WUld, £ -J fig. 388. 

Mimdsa famesidna L. 
Mmi^ta tcorpioUes Forak. 
GaxiOy lUl. 
il. Cavtoia Hook. 

JTiMtea CarMa JVolt. 
J. nigricaiM A. Br. • L_J fl*. 389, 890. 

Mim^a iU)rW<MiwGbiU. 
il. ■triR&ta Unk. • lJ 

A.fW«to&.Br. 
il. glaAca vn/U. H rj 

i f fcwft m giatea L. 
i(. LambcnJAiM D. Don. tk \^ 
i(.4iacolor IP8U. • l_J 
d. anxnlkta Of^. £ L_J 
4. paMiccni A.Br, tk i | 

i<. Julibrissin WiUd. *t fig. 391. 
Min^sa Julibrlstin Scop. 
Mimdsa arbdrtu Fortk. 

MimtMa deciirrtni Vea t* 
A. moUlMima WiUd. * ZD fi(. 9D|.I0S. 
A. dte^rrent var. jSmHtitOtk. 1U|(. 
A. mdUia Swt. 

i^. dealbata XttnA:. m i^ pi. 102. 

A. qffhw Hor. 

2:ie iUac;^ fPo/^ Mimosa^ Van Diemen'f 
Land. 

App. II. Remarks on q^timaUng ike haff- 
f tardy Legumindeea in British Gardens. 667 



\t DdOerttl^et, 



fitote 



4 ii. Mtrndtete. - 
tCJ *-J •rJ iit-J 



. 661 
. 661 



Tmmy 
toDte. 
f4iKdhanUmwm Blch. Rupp. 
'ie«ri« «»«*<ini&na BtA.rt. Tarn. 



4. 

i. 
i.. 



•■ I. -J 

«.Br.«l_J ««»71. 
0,, (H, I fiff.S7S. 

fcwiHrt fiTint. 

W^5Ui« W«ndl. 

A.ttW«dltW»Si«b. 

llM^aVM A C-J flf • 374. 975. 

4.«rfcia miu. il L-J fiff. sj^.sn. 

i. idiwiTijlnn A. Br. • L_J flg- 878, 379. 
i.toanyb/lla ITJIM. * t-J 

i.*iyrtir«U»JPI»r.S,^J 8f.3«>. 



- 66S 



I HMll'*"f«WI"T^llli 



i OilcMlnMlCM.il l_J fi9.Stt»S83' 
Mr. HadMia O^/S .J 



- 6V0 



B/)sace(f Dec* 

Sect. I. AuTQDJL'x^tM Juss. - 671.079" 
I. i^MY'GDALUS Tourn. If A67K673 

TBI Almond Tkbb. 

Amygdaldpkora Neck. 

AmandHer, Fr. ..' v 

Mandclbaum^ Ger. 

1. nana X. A Russia fig. 394,395. 673 

The dwarf, or skmbbtft Almood. 
Vriuius ifUrmtM QmtA. 
A. uAna var. m vulgurit Dec. 
Zteerchemandelt Ger. 

Farieties* A 

2 ge6rgica Dec. # - . 673 
The Georgian dwarf Alnoad. 

A. ge&r^ca Desf. 

3 camp&tris Ser, - - 674 
The field dwarf Ahnond. 

A. camp4strit Benu 
A. BesscrViMk BckeU. 

4 incana PalL A . - - 674 
The htMxy 'leaved dwarf Almond. 

? 5 sibirica £.m^. » ' • - 674 
The Siberian Almond. 

e 



1 



CONTENTS. 



676 
675 
675 



675 



Pag* 

2. commiknis L. ¥ Mauritania pi. 103. 674 

The commoD AIuuhuI Tree. 

Varieties. Ik 

1 araara Dec. t - - 674 
The XAtXeT'kemeled common Abnond 

Tree. 
Jmandier amer, Fr. 
Ganeine Mandeibaum, Ger. 

2 d61cis Dec. !C - - 675 
The sweet-ienM'/M common Almond 

Tree. 
Amandier d peU'ts FnUU, Anumde 

douce, Fr. 
SUsse Mandel, Ger. 
S ll^re pltao Baum. Cai. 'j^ 

4 fbliis rariegdUs Baum. Cat. ^ 

5 trSLgiMt Srr. ^ - 
Ttair brittyt-thfUed comnum Almond Ttm. 

AmandUr tk» DamtM, N. Da Ham. 
Copte mtoUe, Fr. 
AbeUmn, Provcaec. 

6 macrocirpa Ser. 5f 
The lonK.fhilicd eomman Ahnond Tree. 

Aumitdiir A groi FntUt, K. Da Ham. 
Amandier SuUatu, Amandiar du Damtt, 
AwtandUr PUtacke, Fr. 

r/wrsicMdcs 5^. 3f - 675 

The Pe«eh-like-lMtiMl common Almond Tree. 

OUMrVarictiM - • 675 

3. orientMis AU. A Levant - - 679 

The Eaftem Almond Tree. 
A. arg^ntea Lam. 

App. i. Other Species of Amifffdalus.1t A 679 

A. ToumefSrt/i Boic. A 

A. cochinchin^nsis Lour. V 

A. mkrophf Ua H. B. et Kunth. A 

II. PE'RSICA Toiim. It A 671.679 
Tmb Pbaco TasB. 

hmygdalui $p. L. 
TrichocArpus Neck. 
Pickery Fr. 
Pfirsehenbaum, Ger. 

1. vulgaris Afdi. ± Persia pi. 104. 680 

The common Peach Tree. 
hm^gdalfu Vifnica L. 
Picke duveieuse, Fr. 
Pfinehe, Ger. 

Varieties. 3: s2 

1 The freestons common Peacli 

Tree. 5 
Ptcke, Fr. 

2 The clingstone common Peach 

Tree. * 
Pavfe, Fr.Z 

3 flore pleno Hort. It 

The douhle-flowering common Peach. 

4 flba Lindl A 

The white-flowering common Peach. 

5 ioUu variegatis Hort. It 

The variegatcd./^a«in/ Peach Tree. 

6 compressa Hort. A f. 397. 
The flat Peach (ff China. 

2. (v.) lae'vis Dec. It Persia - 680 

1 he uaooHh-skinned Peach, or Nectarine Tree. 
hmygdtUtu Yirsica Lam. 
Ami/gdalus Vdrsiea Nectar\na Ait. 
Brugnon, Picke U$u, Fr. 



Varices *t - - - 

1 llie freestone Nectarine. 5f 
7»^rAr fine, Fr. 



680 



2 The clingstone Nectarine. 
Brugnon, Fr. 

III. i^RMENFACA Tcmm. 5 671 

Thb Apricot. 

Vriinus «p. L. and others. 
Abricotier, Fr. 
Aprikosenbaumt Ger. 

1. vulgaris Zam. !i^ Asia pi. 105. 

The common Apricot Tree. 
Vrunus Armenlaca L. 

Varieties *t 

1 ovalifolia Ser. S fig. 398 
The oval-leaved common / 

:Tree. 

2 cordifolia Ser. It fig. 399 
The heart-shaped-leaved cc 

Apricot Tree. 

3 foliis variegatis HorL 15t 
The variegated-leaved common 

cot Tree.' 

4 flore pleno Hort, It 

The double-blossomed commoc 
cot Tree. 

2. dasyc&rpa Pers. ¥ f. 400, 401. 

The thick-fhilted Apricot Tree. 
A. atropurpitrea Lois. 
Vrunus dasycdrpa Ehrh. 
FriiHus Armenlaca niger Desf. 
Tke black Apricot. 

Variety It 

2 persicifolia Lois. It f. 402 
The Peach-leaved thick-fhdted 
cot Tree. 

3. (v.) sibfrica Pers. It Siberia pl.lO€ 

The Sib<>rian Apricot Tree. 
Vriinus sibirica L, 

4. (v.) brigantiaca Pers. It Fr. f. 403 

The Brianfon Apricot Tree. 
Vriinus brigantiaca VilL 

IV. PRU^NUS Toum. i A 

Thb Plum. 

Prundpkora Neck. 



671 



1 . spinosa L. It Europe pi. 107. 

The spiny Plum Tree, or common Sloe Ti 
P. tyUfJstriM Fuch. 
Blacktkom. 
Prunier (pineux, PruncUier^ Efpint 

Mire-dU'Bois, Fr. 
Sckleadom, Scklen Pftaum, Ger. 

Varieties 1 

1 vulgJiris Ser. ^ 

The common Sloe Thorn. 
P. spindia Lois. 

2 foliis variegatis Ser. *!: 
The variegatcd-Ieaved Sloe TI 

3 microcdrpa Wallr. It 

The small-fruited Sloe Thorn. 

4 macroc^rpa WaUr. *!t 
The large-fruited Sloe Thorn. 

5 ovita Ser, H 

The ovate-i^oaed Sloe Thorn. 

6 flore plono It 

The double-flowerM Sloe Tho 



CONTENTS. 



li 



t insidtta L. It Baxbary pi. 108. 687 

Tbe engnftcd Plum Tree, or Bullace Pimm. 
P. s^Utri9 fTte^'cox dMor Toura. 
P. t^tv^ttrU miijor Ray. 
Frmnier tamvaget Fr. 
Kirsekru FJIaume, Ger. 

Varietia X - - 687 

1 fiructu nigro Hort. *!t 

The bUck-fruited, or common, Bul- 
lace. 
S fHictu likteo-ilbo Hori. 1 
The yeUowUh-white-fhiitcd Btd- 
lace. 

3 friictu rubro Hort, 1 
The red-fruited BttUace. 

4 flore pldno JTbrf. !if 

The double-flowered Bullace. 

1 domestica i. 5 S. Europe - 687 

The damesdc cultivated Plum Tree. 
P. mtXra Fuchs and Ray. 
Gttmtime Ffiamme, Ger. 

Varieiies 5 - - 688 

2 ilore pleno Hort, £ 
The douUe-bloMomed Plum. 

5 f^Uis Tariegatis Hori. It 
The rariegated-leaTed Plum. 

4 jBjTobBaaia, L. It pL 109. 
The Mrrobalan, or Cherry, Plum. 

P. Mur6baian Du Ham. 

P. mtrobdlama LoU. 

P. cerasyera Ehrh. 

Fnmier Mgrobalan, CerisetU, Fr. 

Kirsckfiflawne, Ger. 

5 m. folib variegitis N. Du 

Ham. 
The rariegated-leaTed Myro- 
bolan, or Cherry, Plum. 

6 orxnenibldes i^. !iC 

The Apricot-like Plum, or Drop iTOr. 

i c4odican8 JBa&.m f. 404,405. 690 

The whiti»h-leaved Plum Tree. 

i Cocamil/a Tenore. * Calabria - 691 
The CocomiUa Plum Tree. 

6. maritifDa Wangenheim. A North 

America - - 691 

Tte tea-side-MbiMnv ^^im Tree. 

7. mibcacens Pow-. • -691 

The pabeioent-&iivr(l Plum Tree. 

8. PcfiTaricataXtft/. A Caucasus -691 

The divaricate (? branched Plum Tree. 



§ i. Cercu&pkora Dec. .1^ A Jk - 692 
The Cherries cultfrated in Gardeos. 

1. sylv^stris i?au^. and jRoy. X Europe 

pi. 110, 111. 693 

The wild black-fruited Cherry Tree. 
C. avium Mcench. 
C. t^ifcra Mill. Diet., not of Alt. 
I Vrunus avium L. 
__ Tritnus avium var. met B Willd. 
_Vritnu9 mgricant ana PrUnus vdria 
Ehrh. 
Gean, Bigarreau, Corone, Coroon, Small 
Black, Black Hertfordshire, Black Heart, 
Black Maxzard, 
The Merry Tree of the Cheshire peasants, 
The MerHet in Suflbll^ 
Mtfrisier, Mirise jtro$u noire, Guigmer, 

Bigarreautier, Heaumier, Fr. 
SUtte Kirsche, Ger. 

Varieties - - 693 

1 M^risiers, or Merries, jt 

2 Guigniers, or Geans. It 

C. Julidnh Dec. 

C. decumdna Delauny. 

3 Heaumiers. ^ 

Hie Helmet-shaped Cherries. 
C. Juliinti var. heaumiina Dec. 

Variety qf this race used far of" 
namental purptnes : 

durdcina 2 flore pidno Hort. ^ 
The double-flowered wild black 
Cherry. 
Mirisier RenunctUier, Tr. 

4 Bigarreau tiers. 2 

The Bigarreau, or hard-fleshed Cher- 
ries. 
C. durdeina Dec. 

2. vulgaris Mi//, It Europe pi. I IS. 693 

The Common Cherry Tree. 
Vriinus C^asus L. 
C. hort^nsis Pers. 
C. caproniina Dec. 
P. austSra and P. dada Ehrh. 
Cherry, Kentish or Flemish Cherry, Mo- 

reilo, Mau Duke. 
Cerise de Montmorency, Cerise de Paris, 

Cerise d Fruits ronds. Cerise du Nord, 

Cerisier, Griottier, Fr. 
Saure Kirsche, Ger. 

rarieties ± - - 694 

2 flore semipUno Hort. Ht 
The semidouble-flowered common 

"Cherry. 

3 flore pleno Hort. It 
The double-flowered common Cherry. 

4 persicifldra Hort. ^ 
The Peach-btonomcd common Chen;. 

5 foliis Tariegatis Hort. It 
Hio rariegated-Ieared common Cherry. 



App. L Other Speetet of VrHnw, *t A 



691 




3, (v.) semperflorens Dec. It 



V.CE'RASUSJw*. II 1-J t a •!. 

672. 692 

Tu CaaamT. 

Cirasus and iMuroctrasus Toum. 
Fr^smsip. L. 
CeriMiert Fr. 
JT^iTMlr, Gar* 



pi. 113. 701 



The ever-flowering Cherry Tree. 
Vriinus semperjlbrens Ehrh. 
Pr Jhtta serotina Roth. 
The weeping Cherry, The AUsaints Cherry. 
Cerise de la Toussaint, Cerise de St. Mar- 
tin, Cerise tardive, Fr. 

4. serrul^ta G. D<m. 2 China f. 406. 701 

The serr\x\attd-leaved Cherry Tree. 
Vriinus serruldta Lindl. 
The double Chinese Cherry. 
Yumg-To, Chines*^. 

e2 



lii 



OONTSim. 



5. Paei^do-C^ruuB Lmdi. 1 China 

fig. 407. 701 
The FalM Cherry Tree. 

PHkfNM FMetuto-C^raiut Lindl. 
Vriinut paniculdia Ker. not of Thunb. 

6. Chamsec6rasu8 Loit. A Sib. f.408. 702 

The Ground Cherry Tree, or Siberian Ckerry. 
C. mttrmidia Loli. 
PrJknwr intermidia Poir. 
FrUnu$/rtitio6$a Pall. 
C. pUmtIa C. Bauh. 
ChaTfkecdra*it*JfhUiod9a Pert. 

7. prostrita 5^. -» Levant f. 409. 702 

The proatrate Cherrr Tree. 
Vrknus prottrata Lab. 
Am^gdahu hudna Pall. 
FrhnuB tncina Steven. 

8. jDersicifolia Lois. 5 N. America 702 
The Peach-tree-leaved Cberrr TVee. 

PrikatM j)€rsic(fdb'a Det f. 

9. borcMiJ! Wchjp.'i N. Amer. f.410. 703 

The North Amtrictm Cherry Tree. 
VrUnus boreMit Poir. 
The Nartkem Choke Cherry, Amer. 

10. m^mila Michx. ^ N. America 703 

The dirarf Cherry Tree. 
Tr^nue pknula L. 
C. gkakea Momch. 
RagoumimeTt Nega, Menel dm Canada, 

11. depr^sa Ph, •* North America 704 

Hie depreited, orprortrate, Cheny Tree. 

C. pUmiia Michx., not the rriatus pi^- 

m/teL. 
TrUnut SuMguehdmm WUld. 

12. pygmae^ Lou, m North America 704 

The Pygmy Cherry Tree. 
YrUnm pygnud'a WlUd. 

13. nlgraXott. S Canada f. 411,412. 704 

The black Cherry Tree. 
PHkmu n\gra Alt. 
Vr^nui ameriebna Darlington. 

1 4. tu'emalis Micht, # N. America 704 
Ttt winter Cherry TVee. 

Vrhmm hyemiUt Blichx. 
The Black Choke Cherry. 

15. chicasa Mtchm, A N. America 705 

The Chlcasaw Cherry T^ee. 
Pr6ni» chUsaea Furth. 
Vrknui hm'HHa Walt. 
Chtcasaw P/tim, in Carolina. 

16. pub^scens Ser, A N. America 705 

The pubescent Cherry Tree. 
TrUnui pubescent Ponh. 
Trknus tphatrocdrpa Mlchz. , not of Swartz. 

17. pennsylvtoiea Loi$, S N. America 705 

The PenmylTanlan Chutrj Tne. 



Vrimat ftmn it t 4i di« L. 
VrmnmlmctiMa WUld. 



18. jap6mca Lois, dl Japan f. 413,414. 705 

The Jt/fati Cbarry Turn. 



Pr^WiMtfJaptaM Thank. 



Vanehf ft • .706 

a m«R1Mex 9er. 9k flp. 419, 41& 



19. sin^sis G.Don, A China 

The Chfatew Ch«m. 

Pnmu$J«p^m*m K«r. 

20. ^Hcina G, Don. m Chim 

The Wlllow-Zrawif Cherry Tree. 
Vrtinus uUicina Lindl. 
Ching-Cho-Lee, or STlMf-C 

nese. 

Species belonging to the praxding 
not yet introduced, t H - 

C. Phdshia Hamilt. V 

VrUnut ctrasbtdet D. Don. 
C. Ptiddum Roxb. V 
C. glandMlbMi Lois.m 
C. aspera Lois, ih 
C. incisa Lois. !Sfe 
C. hamilis Morir. Je 

§ ii. Vddi veri Ser. $ S 

21. MahdUb Mill. 1 * South 

The MahiQeb. or per^med, Cherr 
PrdiMtf Mahileb L, 
Bois de Saintc Lucie, Pm 
Fr. 

Varieties 1! 

1 foliis variegatis Hon 

2 fr^ictu flivo ifor<. S 

3 latifolium Hort, It 

22. P^us 2>^c. 5 Europe p 

The Bird Cherry Tree. 
Vriinus Fudus L. 
Bird Cherry, Fowl Cherry. 
Hag-berry, Scot. 
Cerisicr a Orappes, Mirisii 

Laurier- Putter or PtUiet, 

Ste. Lucie, Fr. 
Hag-hier, Swedish. 
Traubcden Kirsche, Ger. 

Varieties !lt 

1 vulgaris Ser. 5 

C. PebfM Dec. 

2 parviflora 5'er. $ 

3 riibra Ser. It 

C. PdcftM^cfti r^M\ 

4 bracteosa ^. ¥ 

23. virgini^na Michx, *!t Virg. ( 
The Virginian Bird Cherry IVee. 

Vriinus riibra Ait. 
Primus argkta Bigelow. 
Wild Cherry Tree, Amer. 

24. (v.) ser<5tina Loit, It Nort 

pi. 1 16. fig 

Tlie \aXa-flowering, or American, 
Tree. 
PHtnus serdtina WUld. 
Prdnia virginUbta Mill. 

Variety jt 

2 retiksa Ser* 1 

25. (v.) Cap6llin Dec. * M 

fig 



The CapoUin Bird CiMrrr Tt 
Priinms 9ir gi n iina Vfof* Ma 



CONTENTS. 



liii 






BM 



S7. nqnl^isia Sb*. 2 ^ Nepal 

Tb« K«pal Btad CIMR7 Tim. 



Xou. t CaMda - 713 



713 



Chnrr? Twt 
tukWiUd. 



^Bird Cherry Trees vkieh have not yet been 
imiroduced. ^ m - - 714 

dmJtvlita Lois. % 

^i^mmt mamiatfiua ThtinU 
eLacaminita VTaU. V 

C catfgiDlta Domgl. A 
CoMiclda G. !>«•>_¥ 
ne Goat-kilUng Bvd Cherry Tree. 

PrteMw A^pr^cldla WaB. 

Trimms mtdui^ia Uamilt. 

C. MndaUta Dec. 






fptf<i:a Thunb. 



- 714 



JiiL Ijaurocirttsi. 1 ^ 

Ml Inrit&nica I/oif. 1 Portugal 

pi. 117, 118. fig. 421. 714 

The Portngel Lmarel Cherry, or common Por- 
tmgmt hmurel. 
PridMM lusUdmca L. 
The Cherry Ba^, 
Axartiro, Portuguese. 

VariHy 1 - - 714 

2 HSxa Ser.l - - 714 

Prvnttf Hlxa Brotusonet. 
Pritiutf muUigtandiUdsa Car. ^ 

29. Laorocerasus Xou. ii Asia Minor 

fig. 422. 716 
The Laurel Cherry, or common Lttmrel. 
Priwf Laitroc^asuB L. 
Ckerrp Bmy^ Cherry Lawrel. 
Laurter au Laitt Lanrier Amandier, Fr. 
Kirsehe Lorbeert Ger. 

Farieiies - - 716 

2 Yariegata Hort, tk 

3 aDgastifoUa H<frt, ft 

iforfdfia capHuis Hort. 

30. caroliniana Michje, f Carolina 

fig. 423. 720 

The Carolfatt Bird Cherry Tree. 
Prksttf earoiintiina Ait. 
Triatus tempervXrens Wllld. 
Vddms omroltnidna MOl. DleC 
wad Oreuf^et Amer. 



App. L OMer Spechw of Chatus. - 721 



■iiliiiirfiFfilHrMti. 



8e0lb II. SnM£'M Zhe. 672. 721 

VL PUTlSH/il Dec. • - -672,721 
Taa PuasHiA. 

Tigirea FurtJb, noi qfAnblet. - 



1. mdMTl^ Dec. A 



The threo teotheil ftwiewl 



North America 

fig. 424, 425. 721 
Purthla. 
POfih. 



VII. KE'Ri?/i< Dec. • 

Tbb KsBaiA. 

Rtt^tu L. 
C4rehorus Thunb. 
Spirm'a Camb. 



" 672.722 



1. jap6nica 2>€v. ft Japan fig. 426. 722 

The Japan Kerria. 

B.ubtu Jap&nicHS L. 
C6rchoru$ Jtminicus Thunb. 
Spirof^ajapom'ca Camb. 

VIII. 5PIR^^ A L.mM^ - 672. 722 

TBE SPISiBA. 

Spir^, Fr. 
Spierstaude, Oar. 

§ i. Physoedrpot Camb. ft • 723 

1. opulifolia L, ft Nofth America 

fig. 427, 428. 723 
The Guelder-Roie-leared Sptrsea, or Firghvian 
Guelder Rose. 

Nine Bark, Amer. 

Farieiy ft . - 723 

3 tomentella Ser. A 



2. capitita PA. ft North America - 723 

The CM^VUe-eorymbtd Spiral 
8. opulifblia var. Hook. 



3. moDogyna Torrey. ft N. America 723 

The monogjiMiu Spimu 

§ ii, Chamardryon Ser. ft ji • 724 

4. ehamsdrifolia L, A Siberia f. 429. 724 



The Germander-leared Spima. 
S. cantoni^nsis Lour. 

Farietiet ft - 

1 vulg4ris Camb. ft 

2 media Pursh. ft 

3 oblongif^lia Camb, ft 

S. oMon^lfa Waldst. 

4 subracemosa Ser, ft 

5 inclsa Hort, ft 

? S. inc^a Thunb. 



. 724 



Caxinthia 
fig. 430. 724 

- 725 



- 725 



5. (c.) uUnifolia Scop, ft 

. The Elm-leaved Spirsa. 

S. cham^edr\fhKa Jacq. 

Tanefy ft 
2 phyll&ntha Ser, ft 

6. (f.) flexudsa jPY*cA. ft 
The flexible-frroncAed Spiraa. 

S. d/plna Uort. 

7. (c.) crataegifolia XA. ft 725 

The CntBgQS>lMTed Sptawt. 

6. (c.) 6etul£efblia PaU. ft N. Am«r. 725 

The Birch-leaTed Spirca. 
? S. corymbhsa Raf. 
? S. crtUtegifdU'a Lk. 



9. cana WaldsL et Kit, jm Auitria 

The hotrj-teavtd Spinea. 

10. trilobata X. ft - 
The three-lobed-^AMrf Snlr«a. 

S. triloba Don*! MUT 



. 725 
fig. 431. 725 



liv 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

11. alpina PaU. A Siberia fig. 432. 726 

The Siberian alpine Spirsa. 

12. ^ypericifolia Dec. A Europe and 

America - - fig. 433. 726 

The Hvpericum-leavcd Spiraa. 
Hjfpiricumfriite* Hort. 
Italian May. 

Varieties, A 

1 ural^nsis Ser» A . - 726 

S. eren^ta L. 

S. hypcricifdlta Camb. 

2 Flukenettd na Ser. A . 726 

S. hffpericifbUa L. 
S. h. var. ^ Dec. 

3 aciita Ser, tk . fig. 434. 727 

S. aeutifhlia WiUd. 
S. sibirica Hort. 
S. amUgua Pall. 

4 crenata Ser. A - fig. 495. 727 

S. obovAfa Waldst. et Kit. 
S. h. y Dec. 
S. crendta L. 

5 savrdnica iS'(»'. 3k fig 536. 727 

S. tavrdnica Besser. 

S. crenAta Pall. 

S. h. rar. /3 longt/dlia Led. 

6 Bessenana Ser. A . . 725 

S. crendta Besser. 
S. Mvrdnica 3 Besteriana Don*i 
Mill. 

13. (A.)/halictrdide8 Pall, A Dahuria 

fig. 437. 727. 

The Meadow-Rne-leaved Spiraea. 
S. aquilegffotia Pall. 

14. pikowi^nsis Besner, A Podolia •> 728 

The Plkow Spines. 



15. ceanothifolia Horn. A 

The Ceanothuft-leAvod Splnea. 



- 728 



16. corymbosa Raf, A Virg. f. 438. 728 

The coryvobote'Jlowering Spiraea. 

Variety Jt . - 728 

2 sororia jt 

S. torhria Penny. 

17. vacdniifolia D.Don, j^ Nepal 

fig. 439. 728 
The Vaccinium-IeaTed Spiraea. . 

18. b611a Sims, A Nepal fig. 440. 729 
The beauUAil Spiraea. 

§ ill. Spirhria Ser. A . . 729 

19. ^alicifolia L, A Siberia fig. 443. 729 

Willow-leaved 
Spirof^a/riitfi 



The Willow-leaved Spiraea. 
Spiraf^a/riitfg He 
JBridewortt Queen's NeedU'Work. 



lort. 



Varieties A 

1 cornea Ait, A f. 443. 

2 alp&tris PaU. A 

3 paniculate WiOd, A 

L. filba Ehrh. 

4 latifolia WiUd. A f. 441. 

S. obovdta Raf. 

S. carninifbUa WiUd. 

5 grmndiflora m f. 442. 

S. gremdifibro Lodd. 



- 729 



Pile 

20. tomentosa L, A Canada f. 444. 7^0 

The downy Spiraea. 

21. Isvigata L, A Siberia fig. 445. 731 

The %mooi\iJeave4 Spiraea. 
S. aUaichuii Laxm. 
S. oUdLica Pall. 

22. ariaefdlia Smith, A North America 

fig. 446, 447. 731 



The White-Beam-tree-leaved Spiraea. 
§ Iv. Sorharia Ser. 



. 731 



23. xorbifdlia L, A Siberia fig. 448. 731 

The Sorbus-leaved Spiraea. 
S. pinniUa Morach. 



Variety «. 
2 alpina PaU, n. 

S. grandifibra Hort. Brit. 
S. PalUuii Don's Mitt, 



. 732 



App. i. Species or Varieties of Spirm^a w* 
yet introduced, A - 7SS 

5. Bliunei G. Don. A 

t>. chafmedrsfiliajafdmiem Blnxnc. 

5. luiccol&U Poir A ^ 

S.BXgkitiMMutis. A 
S. Thunb^rgti Blume A 
S. magrllAnlca Poir. A 
S. Japdnlca Sieh. A 
S. Menzl^'t Hook. A 
S, DoukUsu' Hook. A 
S. call6u Thunb. A 

S. eipdnM Wall. 
S. ceruKacciu Pttir. A 
S. dhcolor Air**. A 



Sect. III. PoTENTl'LLEiE JuSS. - 7SS 

{DryHdea Vent.) 



IX. iZU^BUS L, A 



672. 733 

ThS BSASa BLB. 

Bonce, Framboisier, Fr. 
Himbeere, Brombeerstrancht Ger. 

§ i. Leaves pinnate^ of ^'^1 Leaflets. A J( 73^ 

1. suberectus Anders, A Britain 735.74^ 

The Bub-erect Bramble. 
R. nestSnsis Hall. 
R. pliciha W. «t N. 
R. corylifitUm Wahlenb. 

2. affinis Weihe et Nees. Jk Germany 7S3 

Th* reUtad Bnmhle. 

R. co/Zimu Dec. 7 

R. fimdu$ Smith Vaoeoidiac (• lindky. 

K. piiedttu Boom \ 

Variety - - - 7S3 

3 bractcdsiu S^r. ' 

R. •. 7, et < W. et N. 



3. flssus Lindi, Jfc Britain 



- 75^ 



The cleft Bramble. ^ _ ._. 

R. Jbatigi^tuM Undl. Sjaops.* «d. l.» MM flf Wrfl"' 
•iidNaes. 

4. micr4nthu8 D» Don. A Nepal 

fig. 449. 450, and 450 a. 735, 75^ 
The tmul-flowered Braipble. 
R. ptnteifibnu Lindl. 



CONTENTS. 



Iv 



5. dteant D. Dxm, A Nepal 

Bmnfate. 
D. Don. 



Pan* 
- 7S6 



6b strigosus Michx. A North America 736 

The Mpw Bnaabte. 

7. occideDtalu L. * North America 

fig. 451. 736. 746 
Tte Western, or ulsiMrMxm, Bramble. 
R. virgmiiMMM Hort. 
R. idS'Mtfructu n\gro Dill. 



8. kper Z). i><m. A 



Nepal 

BnnibU. 



- 737 



9. idx^us L. A Europe, Asia, Africa, and 

America - - fig. 452. 737. 746 
The If oont Ida Bramble, or eommttm Raspbeny. 
R. frambvaiinut Lam. 
Gemdne Brombeer e ^ Ger. 
Batat tdaia, Greek. 
RoMfis^ Frambotse^ Hmde-berry^ Gerard. 

VarietUs A . . 737 

WHh red frait. A 
With yellow (hiit A 
With white fruit. A 
2 microphyllus Wallr, A 
Varieties cultivated in British 
Gardens. 

§iL LeaveM digitaU, of 3 — 5 Leaflets. 
A Jk t. . 738 

10. laciniatiis W. Jk . . . . f. 453. 738. 746 

The cat4eaped Bramble. 

11. cie^as L. ^ North-eastern Asia 

fig. 454. 739. 746 
The grej Bramble, or Dn^erry. 

VarietieM Jt - - 739 

S arv^nsis WciUr, Jk 

R. pstitdo.ca'"*ius Weihe. 
S granaiflorus Ser. Jk 

4 panrifolius H^aUr, Jk f. 455. 

5 foliis Tariegatis Hort, Jk 

12. hJrtus W. et K, Jk Hungary . 739 

Tbv hafay SramM*. 
a. trfOftntf Alt. 

r8«r. 



B.Is|»rUwViU. 



13. Sprengeltt Weihe. Jk Germany - 740 

!*■ Bmafale. 



R. 



0tmifimuStr. 



14. dumetorum XT. ei N. Jk Britain 740 

Tht Brambl* of ThiekMi. 



15. foliolosus Don, Jk Nepal - . 740 

TtelHflctT Bnnbl*. 
WLmkrtpkgUm 



ys. aagella^ WiBd. Jc North America 740 

Tb*l«d4ft*. ar Mtmmr, BrarnM*. 

Variety Jk - - 740 

3 inirmit Sir. Jk 



Page 

17. corylifolius Smith. Jk Europe 

fiff.457, 740.746 

The Haxel-leared Bramble. 
R. vulgaris W. & N. 
R. nemorbstu Heyne. 

Varieties -* - - - 740 

2 canus WiaUr. Jk 

3 glandulosus WaBr, Jk 

R. glamduUsms Spreng. 

British kindi of BiXbaa which, according 

to Dr. Lindley, may be auoclated with 

jR. coryllf&liiu Sm., either as related spe- 

cies, or as varieties : — - . - 741 

R. raacrophyilui fV. H N. 

The large-leaved Bramble. 
R. carpinifulius W. el N. 

The Horn beam-leared Bramble. 
R. fCisco-iter W. et N. 

The brownish -black Bramble. 
R. Kohlert W. et N. 

Kohler's Bramble. 
R. glandulbsus Smith. 

The glandulous-ftrtsf/M Bramble. 
R. radls ir. et N. 

The rough Bramble. 
R. fchinhtua Lindl. 
R. diTcrsifblius Lindl. Synopi. ed. 1 . 

The diverse-leaved Bramble. 
R. divertifiUus W. et N. 

18. (c)agrGStisfra2c2s/. et Kit.Jk Hung. 741 

The Field Bramble. 

19. spectAbilis Ph, A North America 

fig. 458. 741.746 
The thovry-Jloioered Bramble. 
R. riblfdlitu WUld. 

20. ttlmifolius Schott, Jk Gibraltar - 741 

The Elm-leaved Bramble. 

21. LinkiantM Ser. Jk 743 

Link'! Brwnble. 

R. famnUhu Schlccbt. 

22. frutic6sus L. Jk Europe 

fig. 459. 742. 746 
The shrubby Bramble, or common Blackberry. 
R. discolor and R. abruptus Lindl. Synops., 
ed. 1. 

Varieties Ji - - 742 

2 pompdnius Ser. jk f. 460. 

n./ruticdsus i W. et N. 

3 taiiricus Hort. Jk 

4 flore rosea pleno Baum, Cat, Jk 
The double pink-flowered Bramble. 

5 foliis variegsLtis Jk 

The variegated-leaved Bramble. 

6 leucoc^rpus Ser. jk 

7 in^rmis Ser. jk 

8 dalro^ticus Tratt. Bos, Jc 

9 concolor H^allr. jk 

10 glandulosus WaHr. jk 

11 rhamnif7iliu8 W. 4 A". Jk 
The Buckthani-lMur«f Bramble. 

R. eordifUim Undl. ? Wdhe. 

12 ]euc6stachys Scbl. Jk 
The «hlte.ep&ed Bnuable. 

R. tomcntinu JTHlu. Jc fiff. 461. 74S 



R. fiutiglMiu Wetht. Jk 

R. ttlijefbUui Wtihe. jk 

R. MkAU Weihe. Jfc 

R. SchlechtcndAhlil Weihe. Jk 

R. SdiMchcH Wdhe. Jt 

R. h<frTkiiu Weihe. Jk 

R. niUdnt WM*. jfc 

R. rubricadii* n'Hhe.Ji 



743 
743 
74S 
743 

743 
74S 
743 
743 



iTi 



CONTENTS. 



- 744 



- 744 



S3, finetus SehrA. Jk East 

TIm holy Bramble. 

B. oMM</bUi(«Wllld. 

24. candsccns Dec. A Italy 

Tbegnjr Bnmblc. 

25. setdsus Big. j± North America - 744 

Tbm hiiitij Httm i n i d BtMnble. 

26. argiktus Lk. Jk North America - 744 

Theaharp-toiiM-liq^UM Bnmbl«> 

27. cuneifolius Ph. Jif^ N. America 745 

The wfldEe^mpdd-lmtletcd Btimhto. . 

28. hispidus L. Jk Canada fig. 462. 745 

The tiispid'tttmmid Brambl*. 
H. triviAlU Michs. 
R. proeAmSent MtthL 
R.JIagtUAriM WlUd. 

29. lanuginbsus Steven. ? Jc Caucasus 745 

The wooUy Bnmbto. 



30. canadensis L. Jc Canada 

The Canadian finunblc* 



- 745 



§ iii. Leaves lobed, not pinnate or digitate, 

A - - 745 

31. odoritus L. a North America 

fig. 464, 745. 746 
The sweet-scented Bramble. 
R. oeeidentitUs Hort. 

7Atf Ftrgmian Btupberrft The flowering 
Ratpberrff. 

32. nutkanus Moc. A California 

fig. 464. 745,746 

The Nootka Sound Bramble. 

R. odoritus Hort., not of L. 

App. i. Species and Varieties of Rtibus best 
deserving of Cultivation in British Gardens^ 
as ornamental Shrubs - - 746 

App. iL Other Sorts of shrubby Rubuses. 

AL-J Jt JUuJ - - 746 

JL macropftaitu Doof . ITS. flf.465. 
it.drUcid«a IWrry 
R.taikonuSmdtkJi 

? H. eortHftiiut D. Doo 
JL anunlnktiu Smith 

R, batMmmt D. Don 
a. wflfeua Ker. )L. uJ fi||. 466. 

It. wulmcAmmi Alt. 
a. roMBf 6Uua Smith A i^ 
R. r. coronkriiu Stmt A l_J f^. 467. 

X. POTENTFLLA L. m st . 747 

Thb Potbntilla, or Shrybby dnquefoit. 

1. fruticosa L, A Europe fig. 468. 747 
The Shrubby Potentilla, or dnqu^oO. 

Varieties. A js 

747 



8 dahOrica Ser. A 

p. dahmriea Nertl. 
P./Vfrfictaa /9 Lehm. 
8 tenullnba .a 

V.ftmtUAM ft Nna. 
P../loritaiMla Punh. 
P. ton^/Wie Schicchlaad. 



fig. 4G9. 748 



2. glabra Lorfrf. jt Siberia fig. 470. 748 

The glabroui PoCentilla. 

P./Hil^rdM tUba Busch. 



3. Salesovii Steph. m Siberia 

Salesorius't PotentUliu 

Sect. IV. Ro'sEM Dee. - 67 

XI. iJO'SA Toum. & m m n, X 

Lit. - -67 

Tbb Rose Trbb. 

Rhod&phora Neck. 
Hosier t Fr. 
Rosenstockt Ger. 
Roozeboom, Dutdi. 
Rosi0o, Ital. 
Ro$al, Spanish. 
Roseira, Tortugueie. 

§ i. Ferbces Lindl. A - 
1. ferox Laurr, A Caucasus fig. 47 

The Aercely-prickled Rose. 
R. kamUckAtica Red. 
R. kanuchdtica fijiros Ser. 
R. eckinata Dupont. 

Variety A 

2 nltens LindU A 



2. (f.) kamtscliitica VenL 



Kalht! 
fig. 47 



The Kaniiachatfca Roae. 

§ ii. BractedUB. A 

3. bractekta Wendl. a China f. 47; 

The torg^-bracted Rose. 

iMTd Macartney* $ Rose. 

Varieties A 
2 scabricadlis LindL A 
R. b. Tj^ra IW</. A 
R. b. fl6re piteo L«U. A 

4. (b.) microph^lla i?ox6. a Chir 

fig. 47' 

The tmall-leafletcd Rose. 

Hoi'tong-kongt Chinese. 

5. (b.) involucrata Roxb. A Nep. f.47 

The inTolacrrd-cprymfted Roae. 
R. UndlejfiLnA Tratt. Rot. 
R. folAtirit Bucban. 

§ iii. CinnambmoB Lindl. A js 

6. lucida jKArA. A N. America f. 47< 

The shlning-l^av^d Rose. 

R. ritbra lUcida Rosslg. 

Roie Tiirnep$. 

Rosier a Feuitles de Frine, Fr. 

7. (1.) nitida JV. jt NewfoundL f.47 

TheffioMy-Zropei Roae. 

R. ReduiHk r»f/teent Thory. 
The dnarf Labnutm- Rote. 

8. (1.) Rapa Base. A N. Amer. f.47l 

The Tumin./rfM/rd Rose. 
R. turgida Ten. 
R. iraxinifbtia Dumont. 

9. Wo6d8tt Lindl. A North Americi 

Wood*'* Roae. 

R. Ivtta nkgra Pronv. 

10. fhitetdnim Bess. A Volhynia 

The Coppice Row. 

1 1 . Carolina L, ^ Carolina 

The Ctfolina Row. 

K. virBiniann Du Roi. 
R. painttria Manth. 
R. coryMAtaa Ehrh. 
R. MWMvfi^mm Michs. 
K.HudmmikiiMRti. 
R. «ani/tft{diM Ulget. 



CONTENTS. 



Ivii 



P»«« 



1ft UndH^-Bfkmg. m Noitli Annrioft 758 



lai 



tcAit. 



JSAf^jpN, ATOer.£47A 753 



14 turMaAta Drtv. A 

R. imAmi* Detain., not of Aft. 

K. «. mAIM» 8ct. 
K. mOta Tratt. 



PM« 



Mirln. 
HS Xii. 

Lmrr. 




21. suavis miUL 

The sweet Rom. 



Variety jk 
2 fibre pUao iZc^ .a fig. 479. 



- 753 



li/raxinifolia Bork, m North America 

fig. 480. 754 

Tbe Aih*l«rcd Bote. 

B. vtrgitudna MilL Diet. 
B. M&fa^ Sol. IfSS. 
R. eorymbosa BoK, 
R, alplJM /3 Ail. 
R. «$^ te'sd^ Red. 



22. acicuUris Zi/id7. m 

The needle-pridrM Row. 

H> alptaa • ucvlaois 8er. 

23. lutescens Pursh. A 



The yellow American Rom. 
R. hispida Curt. 



fig. 484. 756 
- 756 

North America 
fig. 485. 756 



U. dnnamomea BetL A 

The CianamoQ-«rr»il0rf Rote. 
R./IWI ■in<<iiwwi Munch. 
R. m^^lit Uenn. 

16. OHjilis i7c<z. A Sweden 



Europe 
fig. 48]. 754 



- 754 



ft 



rfwi i — Garter. 
Bhfh. 

Eof • Bat. 



17. Diekiomatta LindL A 

a'cRoee. 



8. ta^rica BUb. A 

Tl»' 



9. dahiiriea PaiL A 

Koic. 



Ireland 
Tauria 
Dafauria - 



- 754 

- 754 

- 754 



24. sulphurea AU. A Levant f. 486. 756 

The iulphur-colourfd-fiowered Rote. 
R. hemisph^rica Herm. 
R. giaucoph^Ua Ehrh. 
R. Tuteaddre plena lUy. 
R. tktea Brot. 
7!ltf double yellow Rote. 

25. spinosf ssima L. m Europe f. 487. 757 

The mott spiny, or Scotcit Rose. 
Varieties 



26. hib^mica Smith, A Ireland 

The IrUh Bote. 

27. oxyac&ntha Bid*. A Siberia 

The iharp-pilckled Ron.; 

28. sanffuiaorbif^lia Don. A • • . 



- 757 

- 757 

- 757 

- 758 



S ir. Pimpindlifilim LindL A ja - 755 

0. alpba L. A S. Europe fig. 482. 755 
TIm AlploeRoee. 

R. neurit Cnmts. 
B. monepeRaea Gouan. 
R. HUrmiM Mill. Diet. 
R. k^^nd* ViU. Danph. 
R. tagemirid ViU. 

Varieties A - - 755 

3 prreniiea Lhull. A 
R. MfVMioi Crouaa. 
R.«fatooJM». 
R.IK<^KyS. 
R. AySirt * Vm. Dwiph. 

H« mWmO IMC. 



sanguia 

The Barnet4caTed Rom. 

R. tfimmUtima var. tamftuaorbiftiim Undl. 
R. «]rfiwf liff<«Mi mr. mtaavphglla 8cr. 

29. grandifldra ZtadZ. A Siberia f. 488. 758 

The laiye-flowcrcd Row. 

R. pimftmeUi/IUia Bleb. 

Sa myriacintha Dec jk France 1 489. 75Si 

The mjrriad nrickled Row. 
tL farntfANm P»n. 
TL procinei^i* Btcb. 
R. ipima$ti*i$HfB var. 17 inyrJMAiAo Ser. 



R. 
R.a/1 



HMM 

ullna 



Deer. 
3 pendullna I^rwM. A 
R. ywAili— A it. 



/Oti/Mfal 

aelliftkli 



31. involikta Smith. 

RTOhU 

H. irfi 



The limilntMeta/Af Row. 
'wia Dami. 



Hebrides - 758. 



32. rercrsa fTo/eiirf. ef ^Ttf. A Hungary 758 , 

The nwcned-frickkd Row. 



33. Sabina Woods. A 

Sabine** Row. 

R. AioMiti /9 UndL 

34. Tioniuna Woods. 

Don't Row. 



Britain 



- 758 



Scotland - 758 



4 pimpinelliftklia LimIL A 

R. g tmdidbaa Beil. 
R. rnfmo^ BlrtK 
R. MToWiw /> Steottk. 

5 lageniria .Ser. A 
«aDrt>ia6IJaJSrr. A 

7 hispid§lU Arr. A 

8 laeMs Ser., nof qfDeev. or Red. A 

fig. 483. 
a. I Si y i rfK ri o iMjb«i«, 4v> Dili. 
R. mtfhM flAhra D«v. 
R. a. «ii4(^*^ lit d. 

9 pyrtformis 4^. A 
10 sec&sa !ter. A 

R. «. MrfhM Donr. 

llglobiisaDrfv. A 

R. eaaiiM a m ftto i ])«▼. 
ISAcUebdrina&r. A 
13pa6saU«»'. A 



§ V. Cemiifilia Lindl. A .« al - 759 

35. damascena MUL A Syria f. 49(). 759 

The Damascus, or Danuuk, Rose. 
B. Mlp'ca BIUI. Diet. 
R. ca&nddrum Munch. 
R. b\fern Polr. 
Rose d qualre Saitont, FV. 

VarietieM - - - 759 

36. centifolia Lin. A Caucasus f. 49 1 . 760 

The hundred-petaled, Provence, or Cabbage Rose. 
R. provinddlig Mill. Diet. 
R. polytinthos Kos«ig. 
R. cargopkuUea Poir. 
R. ungufcuhita Desf. 
R. pdritmi PohL 

f 



Iviii 



CONTENTS. 



Varieties A - . - 760 

1 provincuQis MUL A 

The Province, or Cabbage, Rotes. 

2 muscosa MUL A fig. 492. 
The Mom Roses. 

3 pompbnia Dec. A 
The Pompone Roses. 

4 bipinnata Red. A 

37. gdllica L. m Europe fig. 493. 760 

The French Rose. 

R. eentifhlia Mill. Diet. 
R. sylvdtiea Gater. 
R. ra6ra Lam. 
R. koloserUxa Rossig. 
R. b^Uica Brot. Fl. Lus. 
R. bkbida Brot. 
/{m^ de Provins, Fr. 
£mv <Aose, Ger. 



41. gr&oilis Woods, a Britain - 



Varieties A .a 
2 piimila Lindl. js 
R. ^HtffttZa L. 
R. ripens Mundi. Hausv. 
R. kispida Munch. 
K. austr\aca Grants. 
R. olympica Donn. 

S arvina LindL A 
R. arvina Krok. 

4 inapdrta Ser. A 
The Vilxnorin Rose. 

5 A'gatha Red. A 

The Agatha Rose. 

6 in^nnis Ser. A 

7 panrifdlia Ser. js 
The J?wr;giifM^ Rose. 

R. partf(fdlia Ehrh. 
R. but^wtdlttca Rossig 
R. reminsis Desf. 



- 761 



The •lander Rom. 

lUoflMMSmltli. 



42. tomentosa Smth. « Europe - 

The tomentose, or tPoMy-ieased, Rose. 
R. viltbaa Ehrh. 
R. moUkssima B<irk. 
R. tfiiAia Wibel. 
R. ftiUbsa /3 Huds. 

Variety A - - 

2 8cabri{i8cula 5'in. A 
Ji.fc^tida Batard. 

43. Sher&rdt Davies. A England 

Sberard't Rom. 

R.«t^MbM8m. 

R. tvmmtbta vur, ttttf Woods. 

44. sylv^ris LindL A England 

The Wood Rom. 

R. loNicn«>M tfilvidrU Woods. 



45. mollis 2><f. A Caucasus 

The soft-Zcamf Rose. 

R. LedAoiaik SprtHg. 

46. &lba Zr. A Europe 

The common white Rose. 
R. usitatissima Gat. 



fig. 496. 



£494. 



- 762 



- 762 



38. pulch^lla mild. n. 

rhe neat Rose. 

§ ri. Vm^sa. An.. 

39. turbinata Ait. A Germany f. 495. 762 

The turbinate-cii^4r«il, or Franl^fitrtt Rose. 
R. campamuldta Ehrh. 
Vi.francofortidna Munch. 
K.frantjurtihuis Rossig. 

Varieties A - - 763 

1 francofiirt^na Ser. A 
The Frankfort Rose. 

R. turbmdta Red. 
R. campattuUta Ehrh. 
B..firancqfttrtdna Gmel. 
H.JiraneqfurUntis Desf. 

2 orbess^ea Ser. A 
The Orbessan Rose. 

R. orbetsdnea Red. 

40. villosa L. « Europe - - 763 

The ▼illouft.lraveil Rose. 
R. mAliis Sm. 
R. tomenibsaB Undl. 
R. heteroph^Ua Woods in L. Trans. 
R.pv/cA^ Woods. 
R. pom^fera Herm. 

Varieties An. . . 763 

2 resinosa Lindl. n. 

3 pomifera Deso. A 

R. kispida Potr. 



Variety - - - 

§ vii. Rtibiginbses Lindl. A A js • 

47. lutea Dodon. • Germany f. 497. 
The yellow Eglantme Rose. 

R. Eglantdria L, 
n./a/Uda Herm. 
R. chlorophyUa Ehrh. 
R. c^M Rossig. 

Varieties A 

2 subriibra iZeti. A 

3 punlcea LindL A f. 498 

R. punieea MUL Diet. 
R. chmambmea Roth. 
R. tiUea bicoior Jacq. 
R. Eglantdria p«0ii<va Red. 
R. Eglantdria Mcolor.Dec. 

48. rubiginosa L. a Europe f. 499 

The rutty-leaved Rose, Si^r^f Briar, or 
tine. 
R. suav(fbiia Light. 
R. Eglantdria Affi/. Die/. 
R. agrittis Savi. 
R. rubiginosa parv(flbra Rau. 

Varieties A A 

2 Vaillantiana Red. A 

3 rotundifMia LNufiL A 

4 aculeatltsima Dvp. A 

5 nemorAlls iZ^dL A 

6 umbelUiU LmdL A 

R. teimigUmititbta If er. 

R. r. EfcisntMa ryM&M Woods- 

R. temptrvknta Roth. 

7 pdbera Ser. A 

8 grandillbra LiiMtt: A 

9 mijor Ser. A 

10 SDinuUfblU Ser. A 

11 flexubsa LnMf/. A 
IS panrifblU LindL A 
, Garden Varieties. 

49* suaveolens Pttrsh. A N. America 

The sweet scented Rose^nwHren J ieei<a> < er , erl 
R. rH%Msa and R. Eileatteta ^A* ilM 



CONTENTS. 



lix 



SO. mienlntha Sm, ft Britain 

t, or SmrttI Briar. 



51. «piiim T\mL M Europe 



- 766 



- 766 



R. 



■ad R. atipmUrU Mtr. 



58. fiKrica SStev. tt Iberia 



53. glotinosa 5». j* Lerant 

llw fiaaauj Roae, or Briar. 

: irvVam RhL 




54 Kliikii B^s. A Tauria 

i*» Bme. OT- jtawt Sriar. 
B. r««Nria^^ Bkb. 
Sicv. 



- 766 

- 766 

- 766 



16 amblgua Den. A - - 768 

R. nuUmmmdiarAuu LciJetme. 

1 7 squarrosa A . . . 768 

R. eamlna fi Diet. Fl. Tuir . 

18 rubifiora Str. tt . 768 



58. 
59. 



Forstert Sm. A Europe 

Fontcr't Doe Row. 

R. comma fttty Wood*. 



- 768 




dumetorum ThuiU, A Europe - 768 

The Thicket Dog Row. 

R. UmcdtUka meyUfMa T 
R. tMmm BOrkh. 
R. MMM4/M Bwi. 
R. toTipidifiraiixuA. 



60. 
61. 



bract^ens Woods, A 

The bnctnccnt D«f Row. 

sarmentacea Swartz. 

The Murmcntaceoas Doe Row. 
toWinch. 



England - 769 
Europe - 769 



'K.glMaifkMa'% 
R.caiUi«i Roth. 



55. Mcmtezikiikr Humb. A 

k'lt Roae, or JiHar. 



Mexico - 766 



5 TiiL CanifUB Lindl. A A «. JL 767 

56. cauc&sica Pall. A Caucas. f. 500. 767 

Dm Csncaiian D<w Rom. 
R. lemc^mika Bieb. 

57. canina L. » Europe - - 767 

The utmmom Dm Rom. 
R. dmmdlis Becbst. 
R. amdegavHuU Bat. 
R. gUnica Loii. 
R. arvhuis Schrank. 
R. giauedtcens and R. nl/eiu Mer. 
R. tcnniffiSnsis Donn. 
R. $eniiodaa Acbar. 

VarieUu. A 
3 sureulosa W6od$. A - 767 

3 ni^da Wood§. A . - 767 

4 aciphfllaXifulZ.Af.501,502. 767 

R. acipk^Ua Rau. 

5 aegyptiaca LindL A - 

R. iatfica Forik. 

6 burboni^na Deao. A 

7 n)tens Desv. A 

R. »i/0iu DetT. 

8 obtusifolla Dear. A . 

R. obHu^bUa Desr. 
R. /^«ctfM£ltf Lois. 

9 glauc^ens Dtn. A 

R. glaue4»ceni Desv. 
R. coisHm glaiica Desr. 

10 Schottiaaa Ser. A 

^ IL^lauca Schott. 

1 1 pilo8i6scula Desv. A 

R. hUmilii Besa. 
R. nitddula Bess. 
R.JHttUmtderuina Bess 
R. co01«ia Ran. 

12 fiutJgiiU 2>ear. A 

R./af<^tt/a Bast. 

R. stgldaa fi DesT. 

IS hispida Desv. A . 

R. conHta var. lanceoldta,grttndi' 
ttenitita, and ovoiddlu Desv. 
R. andegav^tuis Bast. 
R. i gjwj iig r ii l rgiM Bast., not of L. 

14 microdurpa Desv. A - 768 

15 MeratsaiM Ser. A - - 768 

? R. Hserrdta Mer. 



62. caersia An. A 

The icny Dog Roae. 
~ oeniiM 



Scotland 



R. aMjiM mmMmviw Aftc 
R. eamima t toMa Lindl. 



63. Barren' Woods. A Britain 

BoRC(*t Duir Row. 

R. ntntttdrwn Sin. 

R. rvAtjriiMiM fi LindL 

R. ni6^iM)M iNoddni Hook. 

? R. j^'wM BOrkh., not oTThnlU. 

R. ^ffutit Ran. 

R. iMciMtflla /9 r 



- 769 



- 769 



64. 



rubrifolia VUl.^ S. Europe f. 503. 769 

The red-leared Dfl» Rose. 
R. muU{fldraBjejn. 
R. rubicunda Hall. 
R. Uvida Andr. 
R. cimutmdmea y rubri^lia Red. 



- 767 

- 767 

- 768 

- 768 



- 768 



- 768 

- 768 



- 768 



- 768 



Varieties. A 

2 hispidula Ser. A 

R. cf mMiwfciww gta^m Deifc 

3 Redoutia Ser. A 

4 Indrmis Ser. A 

5 pinnatlfida Ser. A 

R. r. gtrmlitUma-«9tH$ and R. 

mtiSbma gUbrU Schledi. 
R. taitHia gtobdta Dwt. 



- 769 



gtr. 



65. 



Indica L. m China fig. 504. 770 

The Indian, or common Chinas Roae. 
R. Miniea L. Syst. Veg. 
.R. semperfloretu cdmea Rossia. 
R. indtca chin4n*is temiplina Ser. 
R. reclindta /litre subm^uUtpNci Red. 
The monthiy Ro$e, the bhuh China Rose, 
the Tea-scented Rose. 



- 770 
f.505. 



Varieties A X 

2 NoisettiJna Ser. 
The Noisette Rose. 

Subvarieties. 

purpCkrea Red. 
nlvea Hort. 
SmWYiii Hort. * 

3 odoratlssima Lindl. tt f.506. 
The sweetest, or Tea^ scented Chhsa 

Rose. 
R. odoratlssima Swt. 
R. indica/irdgrans Red. 

4 longifolia Lindl. A f. 507. 771 

R. long(/btia Willd. 

R. senmerfl&rens var. 7. N. Du 

R. saticifUia Hort. 

5 ptimila Lindl, A 

6 caryophyllea Ae</. A 

f2 



Ix 



CONTENTS. 



7 pannosa R^. tk 

8 cru^nta R^ tt 

9 Fraseridna Hort. Brit, tt 

10 r{iga LindL JL 

1 1 ochroleiica Bot. Reg. tt 
The yellow China Rose. 

66. semperflorens Curt, m China f.508. 77 1 

The ever-flowering China Rote. 
R. diWTMifoUa Vent. 
R. beng(U4n$it Pert. 
R. indSca Red. 

67. Lawrenceams Swt. «. China f. 509. 772 

JfJM htmtmcm'* OiUtm How. 

R. timfttMrmM mimima Rim*. 
R. rnrflM tMir. a ocmNjiiAto H«d. 
K. <n^ka Lamrtmeekaa, iUd. 

§ ix. 5j/«^yto Lindl. A 1 1^ LJkU 772 



France 



- 772 



68. systyla Bat, 1 ^ 

The connateHtjIcd Row. 
R. rolAfia 8m. 
R. «<yUM Darr. 
R. bnvUhda Dec. Fl. Fr. 
K.btkraebdta Dec. 
R. JjK.v'' • <w^<« Lindl. 

69. arvensisHui2f. 1 ^ Britain f. 510. 772 

The Field Rose. 

R. tylvistrit Hem. 
R. saindem Moench. 
Vi.herp^rhodon Ehrb. Beltr. 
R. Hmer\ Krok. 
R.fiisca Mcench. 
R. idrpem Ehrh. Arbor. 
R. trmperplrens Rosslg. 
R. ripens Gmel. 
R. rampant Reyn. 

Varieties 1 J± - - 772 

2 ayrcshirea Ser, JL.Jk 

R. capretMia NeilL 

3 h^brida XtncO. J ^ 

70. (a.) sempervirens i. L ^ S. Europe 

fig. 511. 773 

The erergreen (Field) Rose. 
R. tcdndens Mill. Diet. 
R. baUdrica Desf. 
R. atrovircns VIv. 
R. 9emperv\ren$ globdsa Red. 
R. s0iitptfr*)r»»« trar. • fcdndnu Dec. 

Varieties ILJk*^ - - 773 

2 Russellt'ana JL Jk 

3 CUrei Bot. Reg. JL Jk 
The Rose Clare. 

4 Leschenaultui na Red. Lt«. 

7 1 . multiflora Thunb, ± Japan f. 51 2. 773 
The many-flowered Rose. 

R.jwvaDonn. 
ISi.JISrida Pobr. 
R. diffiaa Roxb. 

Varieties - - 774 

2 Grevillet Hort. 1^ f.513. 

R. AorftuV^Aii Hort. 
R. platuphyUa Red. 

3 Russellfana A 

4 Boursaiilu' Hort. 1 _J 

72. Brunonti Lindl. 1 ^ Nepal - 775 
Brown's Rose. 

R- Sr^umUL Sprrng. 



Barbary 
fig. 514. 775 



73. moschata Mill. 1 ^ 



The Musk Rose. 

R. opsosUmma Ehrh. 
R. glandidifera Roxb. 

Varieties X - - 775 

2 flore pl^no G. Don, 1 

3 nivea LindL ± fig. 515. 

R. nivea Dupont, not of Dec. 
H.m.f par. rbtea Ser. 

74. rubifolia R, Br. A North AiDcriai 

fig. 516. 776 

The Bramble-leaved Rose. 

Variety J: - - - 776 
3 fenestralis Lindl. Jk 
R. fenettrdta. 

§ X. ^anibianie Lindl. 1 - - 776 

75. sinica Ait. l China f. 517. 776 

The trif6liate.Ua9ed China Rose. 
R. trifoUdta Bosc. 
R. temdta Poir. 
R. cheroke4n$is Donn. 
R. nhea Dec. 

76 B&nkskP R. Br. JL China f. 518. 777 

Lady Banks's Rose. 

R. BankAkvoL Abel. 
R. inirmis Roxb. ? 

Variety 1 - - - 777 

2 liktea LindL 1 fig. 519* 

77. microcirpaL»Mi/.JL China f. 520. 777 

The smalKflniited Rose. 
R. cymiaa Tratt. 

App. i. Hardy Species of the Genus Rd«a> 
not yet introduced, - - 778 



Jt. rngtea Thumb. 



M. Lj^tliJ Undl. 



S i. Ferhces. 



S li. Braetedt^. 



\ ili. CAssunn^MW^. 



778 

778 
778 



A. Usa JMi. 

Jt. k<Mln«Uma Bi$». 

R. loncdrica fiira^. 

A. arlaUta Lapty. 

a. macrophyila. fkg. 611. 

^ iv. PimpineUifbUa. 

R. CandolleAiMi Don's Mill. 

R. ruA^/to Umll. 

R. pAtdula Roth. 

R. oiviiMi Pall. 

R. fMfMj^la WlUd. 

R. «/|^iM ear. nMO* Ser. 

R. CiwArflgSiie pAtdmU Red. 

R. CaiuiolMuia ^Iimmm Tbor. 
a. fUva Iffdr*. 
a. Tlminea I^ndl. 
R. Wibhidna WeU. 
a. redlniu Red. 

S V. CeniifbUm. 

R. uiHum a Bt(A. 

a. adcnanhflUi ITW^ 

a. vereconda IVotts. 

? R. dMmtmuht* «er. 



- 778 



^ Tl. ViUbste. 

a. hinida l\><r. 

R. vUtita Mir. poei<^ra Dcav. 
a. <CTcblBthiw<e aM«. 



778 



778 



CONTENTS. 



"Ixi 



{vIL RmUginotit. 



778 



ruL 




f TlU. Camhut, 



778 



St 






.sn 



ft. hit 

App. 



*%' 



Iiff. 5«3. 






- 779 



779 



iL Half-hardy Spedet of the Genua 
B^eth not yet itUrodueed, - 779 

f It. Pi$npineUifblut. - 779 



fiviU. Ccmhiir. 



Ciiitf. 



fix. BanMltnie. 



779 



- 779 



A. nr«nrs Jba*. 
A. Myfcnu Rob. 



App. iii. Uncertain Species of Rd«a. 779 

App. iv. i4 practical Arrangement of Botet 
in actual Cultivation in the Nureery of 
Messrs. Rivers and Son, Sawbridgeworthf 
Hertfordshire, - - - 779 



XII. hO'WEA Lindl. .« 

Tiue LowBA. 

Rd«a $p. Pall. 

1. 6?r6miolia Lindl, jh^ 



The Berberry'lesTed Lowea. 
RdM simnUdJblia Sal. 
ROM berber^a Pall. 

Varieties js^ 

1 glabra iS'er. j* ^ 

2 Telutina Sirr. js ^ 

3 Redouteuma Ser. Jt 

R. iMrtarU&lNi Red. 
R. ttsspUciJdUu Sal. 



- 812 



Persia 

fig. 594. 813 



. 813 



Sect. V. Po^MLS LindL 



- 672. 813 



Xlll. CRATiE^GUS Undl. 5 1 1 i-J 

1 -J ft* • -J fig. 672. 813 
Thb Thorn. 

Croltf^fVM and VUspihu sp. L. and 

others. 
Kifiier, AUsier, Aub4pine, Ft. 
Doom^ Uxbeer^ Mitpel, Ger. 
Doom, Dutch. 
Spina, Ital. 
Espino, Span. 



§ i. Cbcc/nea. !i!! 



- 816 



1. coccinea L, It North America pi. 119. 

fig.564. inp.851. - -816 

The Ksrlet'fruiud Thorn. 
C. estiva lis Booth. 
Mtfsptlus ttttiwilis Walt. 
Mispitus coccinea Mill. 
TkomlctM American Axarole, 
Niflier icarlatc, Fr. 
Scharlaehrothe Mispcl, Ger. 

Varieties 1 - . . 816 

2 cor411ina It f. 565, in p 852. 

C. corAOma Lodd. 

C. wr^/Hrmit of tome collections. 

3 indentata It f, 566. in p. 852. 

C. indentdta Lodd. 

4 mixima Lodd, t 

C. c. spinbta Godefhnr. 
C. rjlabeUdta Hort. 

2. glandulosa fF. 3^ North America 

pi. 1 20. fig. 567. in p. 853. -8 1 7 

The glandular Thorn. 

? C. sanguinea Pall. 
? M^spHus rotundifblia Ehrh. 
V^rus glanduldsa Moench. 
C. rotunti(fdlia Booth. 

Varieties jf - -818 

2 succul^nta Fisch, It 

"VUtpilus tucculhtta Booth. 

3 subvillosa 1 f. 550., and £ 568. 

in p. 853. 
C. subviUdsa FUch. 



§ii. Punc^te. ^ 



- 818 



3. punctata .4*/. If North America pi. 124. 
fig. 569, 570. in p. 854. - 818 

The dotted-A«t/erf Thorn. 
C. Crus-gdUi Du Rol. 
Mdspilut cunei/blia Ehrh. 
TA^spilui punctata Link. 
YAdspilns cAmifolia Lam. 

VarieHes S - - 818 

1 riibraPur«A S fig.569. in 854. 

C. edidis Ronalds. 

2 riibra strlcta Hort, S 

C. /». stricia Ronalds. 

3 aiirea Pursh It fig. 570. in 

p. 854. 
C. p.JUlva Hort. 
C. dklcii Ronalds. 
C. ediUi$ Lodd. 
C. penidgynaftdva Godefroy. 



Ixii 



CONTENTS. 



4. /^yrifolia ill/. ^ North America pi. 122. 
fig. 571. in p. 854. - -819 

The Pear-tree-leated Thorn. •• 

C. leucopkler'^oi {tohitf-harked) Moench. 
C. radutta Lodd. 
C. tomfnibsa Du Roi. 
I/Uspitus lati/blia Lam. 
td^tpt'ltu Ctupodendron Ehrh 
M^spilvs wrifblia Link. 
'ilUnilut cornifblia Poir. 
C. UUifbUa Ronalds. 
C. com(fbtia Booth. 



§ ilL Macraedntfut. H: - - 819 

5. macracantha Lodd, t North America 

pi. 123. fig. 572. in p. 855. - 819 
The long-spined "niom. 

Variety 5J - - 819 

2 minor It fig. 573. in p. 855. 819 

§ iv. Crus-pdm. It A - - 820 



§ V, Nipra. It - 



' 822 



6. Crus-g4lli L. It North America 
pi. 124, 125. fig. 574. in p. 856. 



820 



The Cock's-spur Thorn. 
C. lucida Wang. 
C. cunfifbUa Lodd. 



MfspiUu lUcida Ehrh. 
Mfspihu Crut^dUi Poir. 
MitpfiMS hyemSlh Walt. 
yiftpilus cuneifblia Mcench. 
Gdmxtnde Mispel, Ger. 

Varieties. It A 

2 spl^ndens Dec, S fig. 575. in 

p. 856. - - 820 

C. u^buti/blia and C. tplfndens 
Lodd. 

3 pyracantbifolia 2>ec. X pi. 1 26. 

fig. 580. in p. 856. - 820 
C. ^ijfracantkifbtia Ix)dd. 
MitpiluM lUdda Dunn. 

4 talicifolia Dec. 1 pi. 127. f.551» 

552, 553., and fig. 578. in 

p. 856. - - 820 

C. taUcifhlia. 

5 linearis Dee. X fig. 577. in 

p. 856. - - 821 

Mimaus ImeM* Desf. 
C. HnedrU Lodd. 

6 n^na Dec. A . fig. 552. 821 

M^spihu ndna Dun. 

7. (C.) ovalifi^lia Horn. 1 N. America 

pi. 128. fig. 579. in p. 856. - 821 

The oval-loared Thorn. 
C. eltiptico Lodd. 
C. CrvM-gdUi ovaii/dtia Bot. Reg. 

8. (C.) «runif6lia Bote. X N. America 

pi. 129. fig. 576. in p. 856. - 821 

The Plum-loared Thorn. 

Uitpiiua prwtifblia Poir. 
C. caroUmdna Lodd. 



Variety 1 

2 ing^stria t 

C. mgiitria Lodd. 



- 821 



9. nigra Waidst. etKU.1t Hungary 

pi. 130. fig. 581. in p. 857. - 822 

The h\aic\i-fniited Thorn. 

yiitpilNS itigra WiUd. 
C. carpdtica Lodd. 

10. purpurea Bosc. X pi. 131. 

fig. 582. in p. 857. - - 822 

The purpie-brandked Thorn. 
C. sangtUnca Hort 

Variety 5 - - . 823 

2 altaica X f. 583. in p. 858. 

§ tL Dougldnu X - - 823 

11. Douglasti Lindl. It North America 

pi. 132. fig. 584. in p. 858. - 823 

Douglas's Thorn. 

C. jnmctdta var. bre9i^\na Douglas. 



§ viL Fldcit, X 



. 823 



12. flava Ait. It North America pi. 133. 

fig. 585. in p. 859. - - 823 

The ytUovr-frw'ted lliom. 

C. elandMidia Michx., not of Walt. 
MApittu MiekatUli Pert. 
C. carolmiiina Poir 
C.ftaviuima Hort. 

13. (f.) lobata Bosc. X fig. 544., 

and fig. 586. in p. 859. - 824 

The lolbed-teaved Thorn. 
MStpilut lobdta Poir. 
C. HUea Hort. 

14. trilobata Lodd. X Hybrid fig. 587. 

in p. 860. - - - 824 

The three-lobed-lratvrf Thorn. 
C. spinosiuima Lee. 

§ viii. Apiipfi4e. X - - 824 

15. apiifblia Michx. X North America 

pi. 134. fig. 589. in p. 860. - 824 

The Parsley-loared Thorn. 
C. Oxpacdntha Walt. 
C. tfnifbUa miijor Lodd. 

Varieiy X - - - 825 
2 minor X f. 588. in p. 860. 825 

§ iz. Microcdrpa. X - - 825 

16. cordata 3fi//. X N. America pi. 135. 

fig. 590. in p. 861. - - 825 

The heart-shaped-Xrovrd Thoni. 
C. popul^fblia Walt. 
M/spilut moerifMa Poir. 

17. spathulkta Elliot. X North America 

pi. 136. fig. 591. in p. 861. - 825 

The spathula-sAayMf'IfOMil Tbora. 
C. i$^erocArpa Lindl. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixiii 



§ z. AzaroU. t 



- 826 



B. Axmims L. 1 France pi. 137. 

fig. 592. ID p. 862. - - 826 

Ite Aurole Thorn. 

P«rm« Axar61us Scop, 
yUtmOm Axarulos AU, 



ftSTd 

VarietuM 5 - - - 826 
1 With the leaTes hairy beneath. 1 

UMiMM Ardmia. 
8 With large deep red fiiiit. S 

3 With yeUowish white fruit. It 

4 With long fruit of a whitish 

yellow. 5 

5 With double flowers. S 

6 The white Azarole of Italy. S 

19. (A.) maroccina Pers, 3C Morocco 

pi. 138. fig. 594. in p. 862. - 827 
The Morocco Thorn. 
? C. maira L. 

20. Aronia Bosc. S Levant pi. 139. 

fig. 593. in p. 862. 827 

Iht Aronia Thorn. 

tUspUuB Ardmia WUld. Enom. 
C. AsarMtu /3 fViOd. tp. 

?l. orientalis Bosc. It South Europe 
pi. 140. fig. 595. in p. 863. 827 

TbeEactem Thorn. 

Udtpiims orienidlis Poir. 
C. odoraH$tima Bot. Rep. 

Varitly I - - 828 

2 aanguinea t f.596. in p. 863. 828 
C. U»naeet(fblia 2 taurica Dec. 
C. $amgft^bua Schrader. 
C. orientdtu Lindl. 

i2, tanacetifolia Pert. 'St Greece pi. 141. 

fiff. 597. in p. 863. - - 828 

The Ivwy-leaved Thorn. 

ttmacetifdlia Poir. 



HiMibu pHmata Dnm. 
? IJUtpOut CeMina Dwm. 

Farietiet *l - - 828 

8 gUbra LodtL ¥ pL 142. f. 598. 

in p. 863. 

3 Jjeedna 1 pi. 143. f. 599. in 

p. 864. 
Lee*s Seedling, Hort. 
C. incisa Lee. 

$ xi. HeierophyUa. t - - 829 

23. hetcrophylla Flugge 3^ pi. 144. 

fig. 600. in p. 864. - - - 829 
Tlie Tarioot-leaTed Thorn. 
C. meapoiiUina Hort. 
Mitpi^ ctmitantinopoUidna Godefiroy. 

§ xiL OxyacantluB, 1 - 829 

24, Oxyacantha L. It Europe pi. 145> 

146. fig. 602. in p. 865. - 829 
The ibarp-thomed Crataegus, or common Haw- 
m. 
The Pgraetmtka of the Greeks. 



Mitpiha Osyacdntha Gcrtn. 

Efprne bUmchfy Noble E'pinc, Bois de Mai, 

SeieUier Atibfpiite, Ni/Uer AmbMne, Fr. 
Hagedom, Gemeintr Weissdom, Ger. 
Hagetoon, Dan. 
Hagftom, Swed. 
BianeO'tpino, Ital. 
Etpino bianco, Span. 
WMite Tkom, MoyBmh, Qmidc, QtUduett 

May. 

Varietie§, ^ 

2 obtusita Dec, It pL 147. f. 601. 

in p. 864. - - 830 
M^lus Oxyac&Hiha hUegrffWa 

C. Oxyacaniko^det Thidll. 
C. OtyacdtUka Fl. Dan. 
The French Hawthorn. 

3 siblrica X fig. 555. - 830 

C. sibirica Lodd. 
C. mow^yna L. 

4 transylv&nica Hort, It - 830 

5 ^uercifolia Booth, It f. 603. in 

p. 866. - - 830 

6 Uicmiata It pL 148. f. 663. in 

p. 865. - - 830 

C. lacinidta Lodd. 

7 pteridifolia X fig. 604. in 

p. 865. - - - 831 

C. pterifblia Lodd. 
C. pecttnuta Hort. 

8 eriodrpa Lindl, It pi. 149. 

fig. 607. in p. 865. - 831 
C. eriocdrpa Lodd. 

9 purpiirea Penny S f. 611. in 

p. 866. - -831 

10 Olivertana $ pi. 150. f. 606. 

in p. 865. - - 831 

C. OUverikDA Bosc. 
C. OUviriA Lodd. 
C. orientalis Lodd. 

1 1 meUmodu-pa It pi. 151. f. 605. 

in p. 865. - - 831 

C.fissa Lee. 

C. Oxyaednthaplahmh^Ua Lodd. 
C. platifphpUa Lindl. 
12aiirea Hort. It fig. 610. in 
p. 866. - - 831 

C.fldva Hort. 

13 aurantiaca Booth, It - 831 

14 leucocdrpa I - - 831 

15 miiltiplex Hort, I f, 609. in 

p. 866. - - - 832 

C. O. flore plino Hort. 

16 rosea Hort, 1 fig. 612. in 

p. 866. - - - 832 

E'pinier Marron, Fr. 

17 punicea Lodd, It - - 832 

C. O. rosea supirba Hort. 

18 punicea flore pleno Hort, ^ 832 

19 foliis aiireis Lodd. ¥ - 832 

20 foliis argenteis Hort, It - 832 

21 stricU Lodd, It pi. 152. 832 

C. O. rigida Ronalds. 

22 Celsidna Hort. It - - 832 

23 p^nduU Lodd. \ ^ - 832 

24 regin« Hort. ^ 

pi. 153. fig. 556, 832 
Queen Mary*s Thorn. 



Ixiv 



CONTENTS. 



Pag* 

25 pr«*cox Hort. X - - 833 
The eaxXj-fiowermg^ or GUuUmburyt 

Thorn. 

26 monogyna S - - 834 

C. moniigyna Jacq. 

27 ap^tala Lodd, X - - 834 

28 likcida 1 - - - 834 

29 capitkU Smith of Ayr, 1 - 834 
SO flexuosa Smith of Ayr, It 835 

§ ziii. Porr«yo/t«. 5 - - 841 

25. parvifolia -4i/. a North America 
f. 557., and f. 614. in p. 867. - 841 

The small-leaTed Thorn. 

yi4tpilu$ axiUdris Pers. 

M^spihu tomenldta Polr. 

lAltpUus xanthocdrpos L. 

lAispUui parvifdlia Wats. 

C. tomentdta L. 

C. uni/Ura Du Rol. 

C. viridih C. axilUHs, C. hetulifdiia, 

C.fldrida, and C. Imedris Lodd. 
Gooseberry-leaved Thorn. 

Farieties a - - 842 

2 florida Hk fig. 558., and fig. 613 

in p. 867. 
C.JIdrida Lodd. 

3 grossiilaria?r61ia A fig. 559. > and 

fig. 616. in p. 867. 

26. virglnica Lodd, a Virginia fig. 560., 

and fie. 6 1 5. in p. 867. - - 842 
The Vli^ian Thorn. 
C. virgtmiina Hort. 

§ xiv. Mexicdna, f I - - 843 

27. mexicana Moc, et Seue,l — I Mexico 

pi. 154. fiff. 617. in p. 867. - 843 

The Mexican lliom. 
C. ttiptUdcea Lodd. 



$ XV. IPyracdntha, 
28. Pyracantha Pert, m 



. 844 



Hie flenr Thorn, or Pyracantha. 



South Europe 

fig. 561. 844 
lenr Thorn, or I^rracantti 
Mespi/u* Vyracantka L. 
Evergreen Thorn, 
Buissan ardent, Fr. 
Immergrtlne Mitpei, Ger. 

Variety ii _1 . - 844 

2 crenuUta A ^ 

C. crentduta Roxb. MSS. 
VLdtpiluM crewuldta D. Don. 



§ xvL Glaueeu 1 . . 844 

29. elauca Wall, f Nepal f.562, 563. 844 

'nie glaucouj-lratvrf evergreen Thorn. 



A pp. L Synopsis of the Species of Cratas'gus 
growing, in 1836, in the Horticultural 
Society's Garden, ... 845 



App. ii. AtUHtional Species of CraJUsyns, 848 

S i. Leaves toothed^ or nearly entire, never regulark/ 

lobed. £ - -MS 

C. BubnthiiM Dec, 

M/tpUna 0ub$pimi)m Vent. 
C. pnmelUrfiMi BtHC. ^ 
C. Utif&lU Per: ^ 
C. flexudM Fotr. 
C. alplna MM. Diet. ¥ 
C. Idtca Pair. 
C. iMHidflin Pen. 
C. unllawralto Pnnc 
C. Ibcida Jfilf. Did. ^ 

^ ii. Leaves various^ lobed, or cut. $ • 848 

C. tnrUniiu PuraA. 

C. pcntiityna WaldM. M Kit. *9 

C. kyrtitiftjU Fimg. 

C. lacini^u Det. X 

C. ICTlcbu Dee. 

M/$pUM UnifiHa Poir. 
C. FcinUiima Dec. ¥ 

M/tpUtu ttntAru PMr. 
C. pectiniu Baic. 
C. trtfoUAta Dom;. 
C. quinquclobAta Bc$c. 
C. odorUa Dote. 
C. oboTjita Do§c. 
C. flsT^ccna Bote. 
C. flmbeU^U Bote. £ 
C. lUddM laUffiUa Buff . Cat. ^ 
V. 16dda mMia BoU. Cat. ]^ 

App. iiL Alphabetical List of Sorts of Cra- 
tagus in the Arboretum of Messrs, Loddiges, 
as given in their Catalogue, I6th ed., 1836; 
with some Additions, taken from the Names 
placed against Plants in their Nursery, but 
not in the Catalogue ; referred to the Species 
and Varieties of Cratas'gus as given in this 
Work, .... 848 

App. iv. Alphabetical List of the Spedes and 
Varieties of Crataegus described in the 
Arboretum Britannicum, with the Names 
which are appended to the Specimen Plants 
of these Sorts in the Arboretum of Messrs, 
Loddiges .... g^fg 

XIV. PHOTFNIA Ltm//. li_l 1_J 

673. 868 

Thi Photinia. 

CraUe'^gus sp. L. 

1. semilata Lindl, 1 — I Japan 

pi. 155. 868 

The serrulated4rav<rd Photinia. 
CraUe'gus glabra Thuob. 
Strautvte^As. UndL 



2, arbutifolia Lindl, f 



The ArbutuLleaved Photinia. 

Crata/'gus arbutifi/ia Ait. . 



California 
fig. 619. 868 



3. integnfiMia Idndl, ± _ 

The entire learcd Photinia. 

V^rus fnteg^rrima Wall. 



. 868 

Nepal - 869 



4. diihia Lindl, f i—J Nepal - 

The doubtM Photinia. 

MespHus bengaUnsU Roxb. 
VUspitus tmctdrim D. Don. 
Crake^gus Shiedla iiasn, MSS, 



- 869 



CONTXMT8. 



IXT 



Afp^ L S^pacU* of Pkotimim not yft mtro- 

dmetd, - - 869 

r. subiua Don's Mm. 

It^pOn StebdUta JOmm, 
P. l*Hte bee. 

Crmt^gm ImWiM Tbonb. 
P-TlLlMalkv. 

Crmlm)gm w4Ub§a Thoiil). 



App. L Species of Cctonedtter not pot intrO' 

dmo§d, . - 873 



XV. COTONEA'STER Med. Hl^m 

67S. 869 
Tbb CoTtfCBAsnm. 

5 L Leatm deeidmoma. SkrmU, A - 870 
1. TuIgBiis LmuU, a Europe f. 620. 870 

TbecamnKio CotooeaMeB. 
MApOMj Caiau^Mer L. 
N/j£i«r cotaMnur. Fr. 
Qnttm MiapeL, Gcr. 

Fartefief A - . . 870 

1 erythrodblMi Led, A 

2 meUmoe^rpa X.ed. A 

3 depr^an Frin, A 



2. (y.) tomenton Lmdi. A Switier. 870 

Tbe toncntoM, or «Mio2%r. CatoiWMter. 

M^^yalM tomentbia Wllld., not Of Lam 
UdtpOmM erioc6arpa Dec. 

3L (t.) laxifl^n Jiic^. A 



fig. 621, 622. 870 



$ a. SabwciyreeiB or deeiduomt, Thll Shrubs, 
or low Trees, t f - - 871 

4. IKsidft iK«l^ 1 Nepal pi. 156. 871 

The frigid Cotooeaster. 
y^rms NOada Ham. 

6. (t) affinif Lvutf. % < Nepal 

pi. 157. 871 
Tb« rdatod (to C. frlttda) Cotoneafter. 
JUtfOms tUagirrima Ham. MSS. 



d. acummata hmdl. It 1 Nepal 



pL 158. 872 
Cotoooaiwf. 



M/jjpOm Mmmimiite Lodd. 
7. nummularia lin^. < Nepal pi. 159. 872 



5 iii. Leaves eoerpreen, lealkerf. Low Shrubs, 
wak prostrate BraneheM; TraUerSy hut not 
properfy Creepere. A - - • 872 

6. rotundif51ia Walk m Nepal 

fig. 623, 624. 872 



C. wdcropH^Oa fi ITea-^rti Lindl. 

TV Butr'Serrjf'4eaved Nepal (ktoneasicr. 

9. (r.) micToph^lla WaU. A Nepal 

fig. 625. 873 
CoCooflMUr. 



1A. (r.) 6uxtf5lta WaU. m Nepal 873 

The Box-toaved GoConeaaler. 



C. bwllULfla ir«|| 
a obMoa ITMtf . 



XVI. AMELA'NCUIER Med. X 

673. 874 
The Amblamchibb. 

M^ipUms L. 
Pj^rttf W. 
jtrittta Pan. 
Craf«VMf Lam. 
Stfrtef CranU. 

1 . vulgaris Mcench. S Europe f. 626. 874 

The common Amelanchier. 

M.^*piiu$ AmeULnchier L. 

¥irn$ AmeUnchier WiOi. 

drimia rottmdifiiUa Pen. 

CraUe'^gtu rotundifbUa Lam. 

8<irbu$ AmeUnchier Cramiu. 

Alisier Amelanchier, Ameianckier det Bois, 

NifUer d PenOles rondes, Fr. 
Fetsenbirfte, Ger. 

2. (v.) Botry&pium Dec. S N. America 

pi. 160, 161. fig. 627, 628. 874 
The Grape- Pear, or Snowy^bhssomedt Ama- 
lanchler. 

M^epilus canadintia L. 

M^spilua arbdrea BIkhz. 

Cratai"gua racemdaa Lam. 

Fjirus Botryuphtm Pen. 

Tlu Canadum Mediar^ S$»owy MeapOua, 

June Berry, Wild Pew Tree. 
AUsier de Ckoiav, Alisier d Qrappea, Fr. 
Traubenbimey Ger. 

3. (v.) sangufnea Dec. It North America 

fig. 630, 631. 875 
The blood-coloured Amelanchier. 
V^rus aangtdnea Punh. 
Arbmia eangmtnea Nutt. 
Mispiku canadinaia y rotwadj/bUa Bflcbx. 

4. (v.) ovalis Dec, 1 North America 

fig. 632. 876 
The oraX-leaeed Amrianchier. 
Craiof'gua apicdta Lam. 
U^apava AmeUnchier IVati. 
K.parvifldra Doug. MSS. 
Mfapilua conadintia ear. m ofkUia Michz. 
P^nw ovdtia Willd. 
Arbnia ovdUs Pen. 
AmeUmekier du Canada, Aliaier d B^pi, 

Fr. 
RundUattrige Btme, Ger. 

Variety 1 - - - 876 

2 suboordita Dee. S 

Arbnia ntbcorddia Raf. 
Mains mteroed r pa Raf. 

3 semi-integrifolia Hooh. !t 

5. (v.) fl6rida Lind/. t North America 

fig. 633, 634. 876 

The flowery Amelanchier. 

Fanety - - -877 

2 parvifolia It 

A. parvifdiia Hort. 8oc. Gard. 

XVII. M WSPILVS Lindl. 1 673.877 
Thb Meolab. 

M/spilus sp. of Lin. and oUien. 
MeapUdpkora sp. Neck. 

g 



Ixvi 



CONTENTS. 



Paf« 

1. germ4nica L, t Europe pi. 162. 877 

The German, or common^ Medlar. 

Farietiet - - . 878 

1 sylv^ris Mia. Diet, t 

2 strlcU Dec. 1 
S diffiksa Dec. t 

Cultivated VarieHee. 

1. Blake*s large-fruited Medlar. 

2. Dutch Medlar. 

3. Nottingham, or coiiimon» Med- 

lar. 

4. The stoneless Medlar. 



2. 



Smfthti Dec. S 

Smith's Medlar. 



M. grandiflbra Sm. 
U.%bdt - 



itoPolr. 



pi. 163. 878 



673. 879 



XVIII. PY^RUS Lindl. t m 

TBI Pbab Trbb. 
PJrwf, MdluM, and S&rbm, Toom. 
Pprau and Sdrbus L. 
P^r^komm and Jpifrdphorum Neck. 

§ L PyrSphorum Dec. It - 880 

1. commiinis Z.. % Eur. pi. 164, 165. 880 

The common Pear Tree. 
P. A^ckras Gcrtn. 
P. $ylv4$irit Dod. 
Ptfrdtter Raj. 
Poirier, Fr. 

Gemefne Bimet Bimdtaumt (3er. 
Pero, Ital. 
Pera^ Suan. 
Omtchka, Ruislan. 

VarieHee ¥ - - 880 

1 ^chras Wallr. It 

2 Pyrister Wallr. It 
S foliis vari^^tis S 

4 fHictu yarieg^to *St 

5 sanguinol^nta *!t 
The languinole Pear. 

6 flore pieno *St 

Poire de FArminie Bon Jard. 

7 j^spida ^ 

Bon CkriHend Boitjaepi Bon Jard. 

8 satlva Dee, t 

Varieties moti deaernimg of Culti- 
raliont telexed from ike Hort. 
Soc. Cat. qfFruiU - 881 

Beurr^ Diel. 
Beurr( de Ranf . 
BesI de la MoCte. 
Gknit Morceau. pi 106. 
Napoleon. 
Swan*s Egg. 

Scotch Pears recommended by Mr. 
GorriCt as Trees adapted for 
Landscape Scenery - 881 

The Benvie. 
The Golden Knap. 
The Elcho. 
The busked Lady. 
The Pow Meg. 

2. (c.) jalvifolia Dec. * France 888 

The Sage-leared, or Aurelian^ Pear Tree. 
Poirier Sanger D'Ourch. 



3. (c.) nivikiis L.fil. ¥ Austria 

The wnomj^eaved Pear Tree. 



888 



4. (c.) sinaica Thouiri, t Mount Sinai r 

pi. 167. 889 t 

The Mount Sinid Pear Tree. ^ 

P. Sinai HeSt. * 

P. p^rsica Pert. 

The Mount Sinai Medlar. j 



5. (c.) ralicifolia L. 'St Siberia 
The Willow-leaved Pear Tree. 



- 889 



6. (c.)^lfleagnif6UaPa//.!i^ A. Minor 889 

The Oleatter-leaved Pear Tree. 
P. orientdlis Horn. 



7. (c) amygdaliformis VU, It 

The Almond-shaped Pear Tree. 



- 889 



-shaped 
strisVLi 
P. ialicifilia Lo 



P. syl94stri* Magnol Bot. 
"ols. 



8. sinensis Lmdl. X China pi. 168. 889 

The Chinese Pear Tree. 
V^rus commiinis Lois. 
P. sinica Rojle. 
Ri vulgo Na«, Jiq>anese. 
The sondji Pear^ Snow Pear, Sand Pear. 
Sha lee, Chinese. 

9. bollwylleriana Dec.1t France 

pi. 169. 890 

The Bollwyller Pear Tree. 
P. PoUoitiA L. 
P. auriculdris Knoop. 

10. crenkta Z)on. It Nepal f. 638, 639. 890 

The notched-/ra«w«r Pear Tree. 

11. variolosa Wall. X Nepal pi. 170. 891 

The Tariable-^ov^d Pear Tree. 
P. PishU Ham. 

App. i. Species of Pprui helonginy to the Sec 
tion Pyr6phorumt and not yet introduced. 891 

P. cuneifblia Gus. 
P. parrlfltMra De^f. 

P. sybfistris criUca C. Banh. 
P. MlchaoxiY Bosc. 
P. indlca Colebr. 

§ ii. Udlut. It • .891 

12. Jlf^lus L. It Eur. pi. 171, 172. 891 
The commoh, or wild, Apple Tree. 

P. Mdtus mUis Wallr. 
VLdlus commknis Dec. 
Pommier comm^sn, Fr. 
Gemeine Apfelbaum, Ger. 

13. (^^0 acerba Dec. It Europe - 892 

The wonx^firuited Apple, or common Crab Tree. 
Vfrus MdluM austbra Wallr. 
Mdlus ae4rba Merat. 
Mdius commknis syMstris Deaf. 
Mdhu sybnlslris Fl. Dan. 
P. Md/«M Sm. 
Pommier samvageon, Fr. 
Hotuipfelbaum, Ger. 



14. {MA pT\iii\£6\\9^ IV. It Siberia - 892 

The Plum-tree-leaved Apple. Tree, or S&erian 
Crab. 

P. Mdtus B Ait. 
Mdlus hpbrida Desf. 

16. (M.) baccita L. 1 Siberia - 892 

The herrs-Uke-firuited Apple Tree, or SOerian 
Crab. 

Udku baecdta Desf. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixvii 



li. (Jf.) <fioica IF. 5 

Tke dkmdom-$atd Apple Tree. 
P. mp^laia Miinch. 
Audib. 



- 89^ 



17. (If.) astracanica Dec. t Persia 893 

Tbe Attrachan Apple Tree. 
Mala* mttracamca Dum. 



rariel^ of P. Mo/m mUivated for their 

Fruit. - - 893 

Tkc Red Ajtracfaaa. 
The White Astrachan. 

The trameparent Crab nf Moteow. 
TbeBUckCrmb. 
Thr Court pendu pUt. 
The I JneolTwhire Holland Pfppin. 
The Tulip Apple. 
The Vtolet Apple. 
The Cherry Crah. 

A suk9ar. ttfV. (M.) baecdta. 
The Saprone Cr^. 
Bifs't Everkutiog Crab. 

IS. coronaria L. 1 North America 

pi. 174. 908 

The ^xiaaA-JUneertng Apple Tree. 
Mtflw coromdria Mfll. 
Crab Applet Sveet-tcented Crab^ Amer. 

19. (c.) aogustifiDlia AU. S Carolina 

pi. 175. 909 
The narrofv-leaTed Apple Tree. 
P. eoro nd r i a Waag. 
MflUw umperwtreui De«£ 
r.pimOa Uort. 

20. spectibilis AU. S China 

pi. 176. 909 
The tl^awj-Jloweriiig wfU Apple Tree, or Cki- 
meae Crab Tree. 

Mate* ipeOdbm* Detf. 
Maims thUntu Dum. 

.\pp. i. Addiiional Speciea of Pprvs belonging 

to the Section, Mdbu. - 909 

p. 
p. 



- 910 

- 910 



p. mam.t^ 



J liL Kria Dec 1 



t\. iTria Ehrh. 5 Europe - 

The White Beam Tree. 

CraUe^gm* K^ria var. m, L. 
MdepUuM A^ria Scop. 
a^rbme A\ia Crants. 
AVte TkeopkrdsA L'Obel. 
Wkite Wild Pear, White Lettf Tree, Red 
Cheaa Apple, Sea Outer, Cumberland 
HatPthorn, Gerard. 
ifttWrr AOomehier, AUsier None, Fr. 
Meh lb e e r baum , Mehlboum, Ger. 
Aria, Sorba jMom, Ital. 
Monaco, 8pan« 
Axdbeer, Ilaiiiah. 
OrUbear, Swedish. 

VarietUM X - - 910 

1 obtusifolia Dee. ¥ 

P. A.ovdUM Hort. 

2 acutifolia Dec. t 

Cratof'gUM longifdlia N. Du Ham. 

?P.ai;plNaWmd. 
8 unduUu LindL 1 pi. 177. 
4 tngusdfolia LindL It 
5nig6«i UudL t 



6 erotica LindL S 

P. A. rotumdi/bUa Hort. 
P. graf\a Hort. 

7 bulliita LindL t 

P. A. acuminata Hort. 

22. (i4.) intermedia £:ArA. ± Europe 912 

The intermediate White Beam Tree. 
Crataegus A'ria fi L. 
Cratte^guM tajndica Wahl 
Cratof^guM iu4eica Ait. 
AUsier de FotUainebleau, Fr. 
8ehwedi$cher Mehlboum, Ger. 

Varietiea J. - - 912 

1 latifolia Dte, t 

Cratai'gus lotifdlia Poir. 
^6rbu» latifdlta Pert, 
Crat^F^pu dentuta Tliuii. 

2 angustifolia 2>tfc. !if fig. 640. 

P. edUlii WiUd. 

23. (A.) vestita M^a//. 5 Nepal pl.l78. 912 

The clothed White Beam Tree. 
T^rus nepaUnsis Hort. 
SdrbuM veetUa Lodd. 

App. i. AdditioncJ Species of Pyrtw belong' 
ing to the Section A'^ria. - 913 



p. kMnaoDdmto IVaU. 
P. Ian4ta D. Don. 

§ iv. Tormindria Dec. 1 - 913 

24. torminalis Ehrh. !K Europe 

pi. 179. 913 
The grlpinf-A«*terf Service Tree. 
Cratof^gus tormindlis L. 
^rbus tormittdlis Crantt. 
The Mapte-Uaved Service Tree. 
AUsier des Bois, Fr. 
Elxbear Bautn, Get. 

App. i. Other Species ofPjrus belonging to 
the Section Tormindria. - 915 

P.nm\kik Domg. flg.64«,643. 

§ V. EriSlobus Dec It -915 

25. trilob4ta Dec, It Mount Lebanon 915 

The Usne-lcbed-lmvtd Pcur Ttm. 
Cr^«V«« trUtbtia Lahill. 

§ vi. Sorbus Dec. It - 915 

26. auriculata Dec. It Egypt - 915 

The aoiiclcd Scrrloe Trm. 
Stfr*M Mirimttta Pen. 

27. pinnatifida Ehrh. It Britain. 

pi. 180. 915 
The pinnatifid-J!ffare<f Service Tree. 
Sdrbus hfbrida L. 
Virus hfbrida Sm., not of Willd. 
T%e Bastard Service Tree. 

Varieties It - - - 916 

2 lanuginosa ^ 

3 p^mmla IF 

Sdrtmt hjOrUa pAiditU Lodd. 

4 arbdscuia Dec. j|^ 

28. aucuparia Gcertn. If Europe 

pl.l8I. 916 

Hie Fowler's Service Tree, or Mountain Ash. 
S&rbus aucuparia L. 
'VLispilus aucupdria All. 
Quicken Tree, Quick Beam, Wild Ash, 
Wild Service, Wicken Tree, Bowan 

g8 



Ixviii 



CONTENTS. 



Tree, Rowme Tree, Roam Ttee, Roddam, 
Rcmtrth Momniain Service, Wiichem, 
Wm Sorb, Wicket^ Wkitten, Wiggen 
Tree, 

Sorbier des Oitdemrt, Sorbier de$ Oiseaus, 
Fr. 

Fogel Beerbamm, Ger. 

Sono SalvaUco, Ital. 

Varietiet It - - . 916 

2 friictu liiteo t 

3 folib Taiwitis It 

4 fastigiatm 2 

29. ameridU:ia Dec, S North America 

pi. 182. 920 

Tbe Amerlcaa Sendee. 

8^bu$ ameriedna Punh. 
S^rfrta ameriedna var. fi Michx. 

SO. microc&rpa Dec. 5C North America 921 

The nMll-llniii^ tarrlet. ^ 

BMm* tmtmmiria a Micfas. 
SMmwderimllMjyum. 
8tfr6M MltTDeirM Ponh. 



31. S6rbu8GtBrin,1t Barbary pl.l83. 921 

The True Serrlce. 

SMms domitiica Jj. 
Pdna domdetica Sm. 
1%e Whithf Pear Tree. 
Cormier, Sorbier cmltivi, Fr. 



Speiferlingtbaum, Sperberbaum, Ger. 

- 921 



Speyertingn 
Sorbo, lua. 

Varietiet IE 

8 malifonois Lodd» 5C 
Za Corme-Pomme, Fr. 

S pyrif6rmis Z.oeU. 3C 
La Corme^Poire, Fr. 

32. lanugindsa Dec, t ? Hungary 

pi. 184. 924 
The ^QoMj'Uaoed Serrioe Tree. 
P. k$brida iamu^nUa Hort. 
Mrbme UmvghSia Kit. 

33. spilria Dec, S Kamtschatka 

pi. 185. fig. 645. 924 
The tpurloot Serrlce Tree. 
P. ktbrida Momch. 
Sdrhu epiaia Pen. 
UdtpiluiMorU^Vi^. 
P. worbifhiia Boec, not of Sm. 
? P. uimbueifiMa Cham. 

Varieiy 5 - - 925 

2 p^ndttla HoH, 1 

Sdrbui k^briOa pdndmla Lodd. 
P. tp^ria tambuctfbUa Hort. Brit. 

App. L Additional Species of Pprus belonging 
to the Section SSrbua, - - 925 

p. htatinm W«M, 
OtlMrSora. 

§ Tii. Aden6raehis Dec. A - 925 

34. orbutifdlia L.JU.m North America 

fig. 646. 925 
The Arbutiu<leeTed Aroni«. 
CraUe^gme vgrffbtta Lam. 
Krbnta vpr^ia Pen. 
? CraUe'gtu eerrdta Poir. 
UdepOmi aarbutifblia Schmidt. 

Varietiee » . 926 

2 intermedia Lindl. A 



3 ser6tiiiA LindL A 

4 pikmila A f. 647, 648. 

MdtpOmt pimBa lAtdd. 

35. (a,) melanodurpa W. N. America 

fig. 649. 926 

The black-fruited Arooia. 
P. fbutifblia fi Wnid. 
Arbnia turbut^fdUa Pen. 

Variety A . .987 

2 subpub^sceoa LindL A 



36. (a.) floribunda IrtiMi/. d 
America - 

The abundant-flowered Arooia. 



North 
- 927 



37. (a.) depr^8aXtru2/.A North America 

927 

The depressed Aronia. 

38. pubens I^dl. A N. America - 927 

The downy-branched Aronia. 

39. grandif5Iia Lindl. a North America 

fig. 650. 928 
The larfe-leared Aronia. 

§ viiL Chanumitpibu Dec A 988 

40. Chamaem^spilus lAndl, a Europe 

fig. 651. 928 
The dwarf Medlar. 

Cratm^'gut Cham^BmiapUme Jaoq. 
M^tpHus Ckamitmdipuus L. 
86rbut Ckam^tmdspaut Cranta. 
The Saetard Quince. 

App. i. Species of Pj^nw not tuffidonify 

known, ... 923 

p. dnlfUb Unit. 
P. tammiti^m Dee. 

Hthu ftniMwftw Dttin. 
P. rabicftadA Beffwmu. 

XIX. CYDO NIA Toum. « A - 929 
Tbb Quincb Tskb. 

F^rutsp. L. 

1. vulg^s Pert. S Crete pi. 186. 929 
The c<Hnmon Quince TVee. 

Ffnu C^dbniah. 
C. ewropti'a Sav. 

VaricHet ^ . . 929 

1 pyrif^rmii Hort, ^ 

2 malifiSrmb Hort, It 

3 liuitinica Dm Ham, S 

2. sinensis Thomn, t China pL 187. 931 
The Chhia Quince Tree. 

P^rtM stfntfMfA Polr. 

3. jap6nica Pert, A Japan fig. 952. 931 

The Japan Quince Tree. 



*T^rmJaminiea 
CluettomHetJao&i 



tjap&nica UndL 

VariHim A 

2 flore iUbo A 

3 fldre aemi-pleno A 



- 932 



App. L Otk^ Species of Cyddnto. 932 

r. Sumh t Ata HamUc 



CONTENTS. 



Ixix 



piff. 



A^ I. Hi^'-kard^ Specita •f 
5 Pa Wig, iM< hAmg^Mg to amp of the Genera 
eemtaimimg hardy Species. - 933 

Ba|)lii61e(M8 Lmdl. - - 932 

indka LinM. fig. 653. 

Cr^4t'gwu indiea L. 




_ _ Lour. 
t Omtt JKV. 



Eriobdtrja l^tfiii/. 

japoaica Zrtiu//. fig. 655, 656. 

OttltfVw BlbM Lottr. 



- 933 



ort, J^Mn. 




JVSS. 



Ruiz et Pav. 

cTBftsgdides D. Don. 
~ emtrnmifbtiaUndl. 



fig. 657. 



- 934 




App. IL Half'kardy Species of Roxcicea, 
hdam^g to the Suborder SangtUsMteet, 934 

Hvfjricirpiu Mtteus /{. f / P. - 934 

E'm if tt rmm pHmdhum Lun. Diet. 
Amoarmm barbdtmm Lam. 111. 

CfltGoe<r|N» fDtfaergtlloldte H. B. et Kunth 
JbrtoidMM gmerd'kfef Moc. et Sesse. 

Atmrua. Faki. 
L. 



CKBd^tnin Ait. t%. 6M. 



934 

934 
936 



935 



OllOOtlUta Xr. 



Cal^canthdcecB Lindl. * 935 

L CALYCA'NTHUS lAndl. * 935. 936 
Tbb CALTCAirTHVB, OT AmeT^om Allspice. 
Calpe^bUki sp. L. 
BUthUria^ Du Ham., notqfL. 
BevrrMtk Ekrh. 
BaOhris Adams. 
FompaSoArA Bmehos. 
Caiaemue, FT. 
Kelek Bk m ue , Oer. 

i. fl<Sridu8 L, A K. America f. 659. 936 

The flowery Caljcanthus, or CaroUna Allspice. 
C. siiriHs Walt. 

tsseet-^cejiUed Shrmb, in Carolina. 
Commom Americam Aitspiee. 

Varieties A - - - 936 

1 obl6ngus Dec. tk 
S ovitos Dee, A 

3 oapleiiifDliiit Lodd. A 

4 drax Lodd. * 

5 glaOous ZmU. a 

6 inodorufl Lodd. A 
Tkn^i^MiiM £o<M: a 
8 wkgjitufi Lodd. A 



Pafl« 

2. (f.) gU<]cu8 ff't/A/. A Carol, f. 660. 937 

The glaucons'leaped Calvcanthui, or fertile- 
Jlowered American AOsptce. 
C.firtHis Walt. 

VaHetg - - - 937 

2 oblongifolius NtUt, A 

3. laevigatus WMd. a N. Amer. f. 661. 937 

The %\sXiTo\x*-lea»ed Calycanthtu. 
C.fhrax Michx. 
C. pennsff Is Aniens Loid. 

IL CHIMONA'NTHUS LkuiL a 

935. 937 
Thb Cbimonanthus, or Winter Flower. 
Merdda Nees. 
Caljfcdntki sp. L. 

I. firagrans Lmdl. A Japan f. 662. 938 

The irsgjsxii'flowered Chlnumanthut. 
Calycdnthut prte^cox L. 
MerdtlA/rdgrmu Neei. 
(Tfttfi, or Eobait Ksmpf. 
TAe FFiirtw Flower. 
Calycante de Japon, Fr. 
Jiqtanische Kelch Blume^ Ger. 

Varieties A . . 938 

2 grandiflorus Xt'iMff. A f. 663. 

3 liiteus Hort. A 



GranatdcecB D. Don. t a AlJ 939 
1. PI? NIC A TottTTi. X A AL-J - 939 

Thb Pombgbanatb Treb. 

The Cartkagim'an Apple. 
Grenadier, Gr. 
Granatey Ger. 
Melograno, Ital. 
Oranadot, Span. 

1. G^ran^tum L. ¥ Asia - - 939 

The common Pomegranate Tree. 

Varieties - - - 939 

1 nibriim Dec. t f. 664. 

2 r. flore pldno IVew. A 

3 alb^cens Dec. A 

4 a. flore pl^no Dec. A 

5 fli^vum Hort. A 



2. (G^.) nana L. 

The dwarf Pomegranate 



North America 
fig. (i65. 942 

legranate. 

P. emiericdna ndna Tonm. 

P. Gramitsmt ndnmm Pert. 



OnoffrdcecB Lindl. 

§ Fvchsib'jb. a I 



Ftchria L. A lJ I 

mlcrophyUa H. B. «f Kmmtk. A | ( ftf. 666. 

Aijmtfblia A- B. ti Kunth. A uJ 
rbMft itvJa W Piif. A L-J 
F. iyeUkUa Hot. lUg. 

IMrrlO^ra UnSl. A | | 

r. otMa Moc. ct SoM*. 

aitMirAaoau Sim*. } |__| 
P. raetmtdM Moc •TBch*. 
F. mmtm'm Hort. 
F. *Mwil6M« JTm. H S»»$r. 



942 



944 



Ixx 



CONTENTS. 






Pag* 



Mr. t miiltilUn Ltmdi. m i_J 
BMcratteian JMa «f Pav. tk _^ 

«w. S tenclla Dtc. | | tt 

F. grdcUiM Mr. <«iMlte lindl. 
etek» Uii^. il lJ 
vlilkta 8wt. tk t_J 

cocelnMii4ff. ill I lix. 6C7. 

F. f^miulm Hukiab. 
F. mMUfUdfUett Lam. 
Nah^Ma eoeelmta 8chnc«TooRt. 
8kimmn% cocdiua Moencb. 
•pAtaU JtttJB el Pav. A l_J 



iMclllkiii U»H. I 

hyiwlda Swl. A I i 

jllabdaa ffarf. A L_J 

Mr. < I«nffifl6n 00W. 

looKilttra ITot*. H | I 

yTiti^rly rf i w i CT t m a Beaton. 

ipacl6w Hflrf. il I I 

gnndtfleim Hvrt. il l_J 

imaVm 0«r<. A I 1 

Thompabnn Hon. il L— 1 

«ZCOTtlc4uX..JI/. ill—J fig. 6C8 
INUiiiirra csareorMoAtoPont. 
CMm Vartettci 



Ly^A 



racecB, 



D ^-J 



Halmiail | 

aaUeU^Ua Ii»it W OMo. A | fiff. 6«9. 

ir«M^a ialic<f<tlia H. B. et Kunth. 
l4j|l<Ar«m JUvvm Sproig. 
■ijTtH&Ua tforf. Bero/. il _J 
I^IMrvm apAalitm Hptcng. 
UnaurffMU 0orf . il ^ 

ff. aalUiPtHa Mr. 
«ypliIUUc« Ore. il ^ 
Uflmtra uito il O 

iadlca L. il O flg' 670- 
pttvlfMU Rarb. M O 
I Jl4wft.il CD 



945 

• 945 



945 



TamaricdcecB. 



. 946 



- 946. 947 



I. TA'MARIX Desv, m 

Tbi Tamasisk. 

The species qfTdmorvt qfentthors that 

have 4 stamens and 6 stamt:ns. 
Ttfinam, Fr. 
TamariskeHt Ger. 

1. ^llical/. a France - fig. 671. 947 

Tlie French Tamarisk. 

T. narbonMsis Lob. 
Tamoriseus gdtlietts All. 
Tamariscus penidmdrus Lam. 

Varieties tt - - 948 

1 itibtilli Ekrenberg Sk 
9 narbonftiuia Ehrh. tt 
8 nll6tica JEArA. A 
4 arMrea 5tr6. ft 
b mannlfera Ehrh. dl 

6 heterophf lla Ehrh. ft 

7 Uban<Stica Lodd. ft 

The B«aaiuur>41k« Tamailak. 

App. i. Other hardy Species or Varieties of 
Tdmarix. ft . . 94K 

r. tctrtoira Fal. A 
T.ftlMMHabl. 

r. lis* irutA ft 

r. tUiOgkU Ltd. ft 
r. grftdlit wuu. ft 
r. hlvlda WiUd. ft 

TTfiiiliiiiiiBMr Pall. 

T. WbHm Mr. i9 WUId. 

T. hmimlbm Smith. 

T. WW ft w J !>«•▼. 



T. ramoiialtna Ltd. ft 
T. g^iMM Binwt. 

T. PallMf D«ir. ft 

T. pentdmdra Pall. 
T. (r<tf'tra Bteb. 
T. poniailatm Star. 

T. cvinwiformit Lid. ft 
r. parriflbra Ofc. ^ 
T. tetrigyna JMrmft. ft 
T. afTftM ^AmiiL ft 



App. il. Half-hardy Sorts ofT&marix, 949 



T. afiicina Poir. 

T. iril//i<a Mr. y WUId. 
r. canariinaU WUU. 
T. Tpjaaockram Dee. 
T. pMMrlnOtd— Dtl. 

Mr. 1 divaricita Bkrk. 
9 Hainin6ni« Khrh. 
3 macroc4rpa Bhrk. 
Other SpeciM or 8ortk 



II. MYRICA'RIA Desv. ft 946. 949 

Tbb MvaiCARlA. 

The species qf Tdmarix qfoMtkors that 
have monadeiphous stamens. 

1. eermimcA Detv. A Europe f. 672. 949 

The German Myricaria, or Oermam Tatnarish. 
Tdmarix germdnica L. 
TamarUiciu germdnicus Lob. 
Tamariscus decdndrus Lam. 
Tdmarix deedndra Momch. 
Tamaris d*AUemap$e, Fr. 
Deutschen Tamartskent Ger. 



2. dahurica Dec, ft Siberia 

The Dahurian Myricaria. 

Tdmarix dahiiriea Willd. 



- 949 



App. i. Other Sorts of Myricdria not yet 
introduced, - - 950 

If. squamdsa Desv. 

? M. dahhrica var. 
M. lonflrifblia Dec. 

Tdmarix germdnica Pall. 

Tdmarix deedndra Pall. 

Tdmarix longifdiia WilkL 

M. linear tfdUa Desv. 
M. herbicea Detf. 

Tdmarix germdnica subherbdcea Fall. 
M. bracteilta BMfle. 
M. ^iegans Boyle. 



PhiladelphdceiB. 



-* 950 



I. PHILADE'LPHUS L. ft - 950, 95) 
The Philadelphus, or Mock Ortmge. 
Svringa Toum., not qf L. 
Philadelphus, Fr. 
Pfeifenstrameh {Pipe Skrub)^ Ger. 
Pipe Privet^ Gerard. 
The Syringa of the gardeos. 

§ i. Stems stiff and straight, Flowers in 

Racemes* - - 951 

1. coronkrius L, ft South Europe 

fig. 673. 951 



The gu-land Philadelphus. 

ivMau Monch 



Syringa < 

Varieties ft 

1 vulgaris Schkuhr, ft 

2 minus MUL ft 

3 flore pl^no Lodd, ft 

4 ▼arie^^tu^ Lodd ft 



. 951 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxi 



t (c.) inodonis L. * Carolina f.674. 952 

Tbeicentless-Jl0«0'«Y(f PhiUdelphuf. 
Srrlnga Modora Mcench. 
p. idxus in many EngUih gardens. 

3. (c.) Zejheri Schrad. * N. Amer. 952 

ZcjW'iFUiladelphttt. 

4 Tcrracosus Schrad. a North America 

f. 675. 952 

Tb# varted Fhiladelphoi. 
p. grandifldnu Lindl. 

5 rv.) latifolius Sdirarf. • N. America 
■ ^ ' fig. 676. 953 

The brottd-leared Fhfladelphat. 
P. fmbiKtm Celt. 

6 (t ) florib6ndu8 Schrad. • N. Amer. 953 

Vbe aboodaat^lowered PhOidelphu*. 

§iL Stewu mart siemder, rambling^ twiggy, 
ami loote. Flowert tciitary, or 2 or S 
together, - - - -9^4 

7. laxus Schrad. • N. Amer. f. 677. 954 

Tbe kxmt- g ti twiim PhOadripbiu. 
P ASifWy Hoit. 
If.ymbiuxni Lodd. 

8 (L) grandiflorus W'dld. A N. Amer. 954 

Tbe terge-flower«d Philadelpbiu. 
P. mcd&mt Hort. 
P. MxM Lodd. 

9. \^n\iXMsNutt.i^ North America. 

f. 678, 678 a. 954 
The baiTT-l«ii««i Fblladalphu*. 

P. viZMfttf and P. graeuu Loda. 

10. tomentosus WaU. • Nepal - 955 

The wodayltaved Fhttadelphus. 
p. nepaUmis Lodd. 
? P. trificnu Royle. 

11. DECUMA^RIA I.. * -J -* 950. 955 

Taa DmccMAEiA. 

JFor*^la fFott., fw< qf V^t. 

1. barbara L. Jt Carolina f. 679, 680. 955 

The barbarous Decamarla. 
X>. r(M&c0iw Monich. 
D. Fof«#<Aia Mtcfcr. 
D. proMtrdta Lodd. 

Fam^y -* - - - ^5^ 

2 sarmentosa Dec. ^ 
D. samuntota Bosc. 
PorsfMh scandens Walt. 

Half-hardy Kgneous PlafUs of the 
Order VhUaddphdcea, - 956 

Deiitzia scabra Thunb. A-J f. 681. 950. 
D. corymbdsa J?. Br. 

Ykiladiipkmt eoryffibd$UM WaU. 
PUtoMpAM sUmdmmu WaU. 



C. RWtcUk A. Br. A L_J 

C. qtaadiifida A. Br. A | I 

C. cUTkta OrmilivA. * lJ 

McUteftca ■quAnm LabiU. >■ t-J 

M. UnearifolU Sm. fl* uJ.. * 

MttrmUkrt hywpijbha €•▼. 

M. pulcMlU A. Br. ^ I — I 

M . AypcricUMU ffm. A I — I 

M. Mpiarr^M 8m, * I — 1 - 

Eqtitwn<» tacngdo* R. Br. X l-J 



Pag* 

■ 967 

- »57 
. »57 
. 957 

flg.685. 957 

. 957 

fig. ^7. 957 

- 957 
fig. 686. 95S 



Sect. II. EuLKPTOsPERMKi*. i lJ •i-J 958 



.688,689.091. 95S 

. pi. 188. 959 

fig. 699,693. 959 

fig. 694, 695. 959 

fig. 696,697. 959 

• fig. 696. 959 

■ fig. 697. 959 

. 959 



Eacal^ut minifien jfm. i. l^ fk 

Tkt Inn Bark Trte. 

E. roMtU Sm. t I I - 

Tke StHngJt Bark Trtt. 
B. rtmin&lU LatiU. 1 l_J 

E. amygdAUna LaM/l. 2 I I 

B. piperita Sm. 2 t_J 
Tkt Bit Gvm TVet. 
E. conUta iMbiU. f l_J 
B. polvcTulAita SiiM. T UJ 
E. carddta HortTBcrol. 

E. dlrmiiblU Bum/. ^ iJ 

E. amnita Dwn. 

E. piMrila Hort. Berol. 

E. Mervf^Ma Swt. 

E. a«vpt«<Vw'' Hort. 
Several other Kpecia of Eacal^tns 

Angdpbota conUfblia Cor. ft L_J 
UetnaMihn» htfidut Sip. 

A. lanceol4ta Cae. ft L-J 

TA* AfypU Tret of New HolUnd. 

Mttnuidtrot tfUndeiu Gaertn. 

CalUct^mon Mdignu* Dec. ft L_J 
Mttrvtidtrot talignuM Sm. 

C. Ianc*olj\tu» Dtc. ft L_J 

Melrondirv lamctkJdtvM 8m. 

MetrotUirtM dtriaa Bot. Mag. 
MetnMidJ'r«corif&Ua> Vmt. ft L— J 
The CorU-leaved Iron Wood. 

Leptof^rmam amUgwtm Sm. 

LrptotpAmuni grandifollum tim. ft L— J 

L. laataenim ^tt. ft L_J 

rkiloiMpkut UMnigtnu AU. ^ 

BIUMm marginAU B. Br. ft I— J - 

Ltptoip/rmum marntnaiiim LaDlU. 

B. (Iexu6M D Don. ft L_J 

Fabric^a myrtifbliaCtfWa. ft iJ 

F. rtticta Lodd. ft L-J - 

Ba^ckia vlrgkta Andr. • l_J 

Leptotp^rmmft virgUwrn Wonk, 

MtMeuea virgMa L. fil. 

Sect. III. Mt'kiem. ii-J •i-J 

PBidlum Cauieydnum Sabine, f. l^ 
CattlcT's Uuara. 

p. eariieemm Marsh. 

P. ekia/im Lodd. 

Afyrtus communis L. • 

The common Myrtle. 

Varietiet ft L. 



ffl^B d97* 


959 
960 


fig. 70t. 


960 


- 


960 


fig. 700. 


960 


fig. 705. 


961 


fig. 701. 


96i 
961 


- 


961 


fig. 703. 

* 

fig. 704. 


961 
961 
961 
961 


ftl^ 


961 


fig. 706 


. 961 



- 961 

. 963 
_J - 96S 



App. I< 



\ i. Mekmocdrpa Dec. 

1 rom&na Dec. ft uJ 

The common broad-ttaved, er Roman, M jrtle. 

2 tarentlna MiU. Jc. ft l_J 

The Tanntom, or Bor-teavtd, MjTtlc. 
3lt411ca Mm. Diet, ftij 

The Italian, or uvHght, Mjrae. 
A htefticA MiU. Diet ' 



5 lusitinica L. ft i | 

Myrtle. 



OramgiJamd, 



Mjitk. 



D. 



i/[i/rtdcea, i i-J • l- 

SeCt. I. MELALlU^CEiE. i lJ 

L aeriiAtta B. Br. A uJ 

, tMc^fhlia Bol. Rep. 

hOMB. Br. A LJ 

CakdiAfaaaa vfllSM *• ^' A l_J 



ll_J 956 

lJ - 956 

flg.68«. 956 

Hg. 633. 957 
fig. 634. 957 



The Portugal . _, 

M. acuta Mill. Diet. 

Stdnw. ? The Nutmeg Myrfle A |_J 
G b^lKlca MiU. Diet. A i| 
IIW bRMid-leared OuleA MwOi. 

Subvar. The double>no«ercd Myrtle. 

7 mucrondta L. ft |_J 

The Rottmary, or Thymu-Ummi Myrtle. 

\ it. Leucoedrpa Dec. AlJ - 963 

8 leucoc&rpa Dec. ft ij 
The white-berried MyrueT 

S m. Garden Varietiet. AlJ • 9<i8 
1. Gold-Striped broad-leaved Myrtle 



Ixxii 



CONTENTS. 



8. Broad-lMved Jew'i Mjfrtto A lJ 
8. G6ld-ftriped Orange-ksved Myrtle 



-Jh 



4. SUver-stripedlUllanMjrrtle 

5. Striped-leaTed Myrtle m \l 

6. SilTer-stiiped Rotemary leered 

MyrUeAuJ 

7. Silver-itriped Nutmeg Myrtle 

8. Cock*t-comb, or Bird'f-neet Myrtle 



9. Spotted-leaTed Myrtle 

' Loar. 
M. tnulAUa An. A uJ • 



l-J 
flg. 707. 964 

• 964 



Sect. IV. CaAMMhAVciitM, Ifci-J - 964 



I dlUtam Dttf. ^ I I 

CAlythrtxglMinil. Br. * CJ 
CtrtoiBdH Okiimliv*. il L-J 



• 964 
fiR.70». 964 

• 964 

• 964 



Passi/brdcecB. 11 CD A -J 964 



PauriJMiia ccrhle* L. _l 

Mr. It MgttitifMia Borl. I 
9 RfMOoophyiU H9rt.l 

4 ColTilUJ 8wt. 1 

5 raccm^M Hort. 1 

P. Iiicarn4ta L. _l _J 
The fl«(h>ooloa»d Grni 

P. flUirfblla In I O 

Tbt Um9-tne-Cntd PaadoD Flower. 



ranadllU, or Majf Apfb. 



<lg.700. 964 



flC.710. 965 
. 965 



Other species or FarUtieM, - 965 

<|g. 711. 965 
• 965 



OMmina adS«ittfbUa Dee. I 



pinnatiadpuU Jmm. JL — 



Cra8suldce(B. «- •i.j 

5Mum populifblium L. tt. 
The Poplar4eaTed Sedum, or SUmeerop. 
Anaedm/ueroi ^popuiifbUa Haw. 

TlM^rM HouMtoek. 



965 

- 965 

flC.71«. 965 



Mesembrydc&B. ••i— I 

ibryAntlMnium L. 



966 

- 966 



NitraridcetB Lindl. ' 
I. NlTRA'RIAi. ftji 

TBI Nmu^iA. 

1. Schdberi L. a Riusia 

Scbober't MltrarU. 

Fan'efief A - 

1 sibirica A fig. 713. 

K. HbiHca PaU. 

2 duqpica A fig. 7 1 4. 

N. cdtpiea PaU. 

2. trideiitaU Desf. m Barbary 

TIN tfim-toodMd iMMnl N'Unria. 
I nMtfMin Ponk. 



- 966 

- 966 

- 966 



- 967 



CactdcetB* 



OptotU Tvlfkrli Mm. tt. I 

llitoonmuai ImMii Pfc<r ~ 
C4c<M OpiuM* L. 



967 

- 9C7 



OrossulacecB Dec. • -* 967 

I. RrSES L. A Jc - - 967, 908 
Tbb Ribbs. 

GrouulAria Toum. 

Chrygobdtrifaf CaJdddtr^a, Core&tma, 

and Rkbei, Spack, 
OroieOier, Fr. 
Jokatmi$bMret Ger. 
Kruisbes, Dutch. 
ITva ^«e«, Ifeal. 
GfVM«tfa, Span. 

§ L Grouularim Aeb. Rich. A - 968 
A. Flowers greeniih utkUe. 

1. oxyacanth6ide8l/.ACanadaf.715.968 

The Hawthom-l«a»e(f Oooaetwrry. 

2. setosum Irtmi/. A N.Am. f.716. 969 
The brlitly Gooseberry. 

3. trifl6rum W. A North America 

fig. 717. 969 

The three-flowered Gooaeberry. 
R. Mtamineum Horn. 

4. (t.) nlveum Lmdl, A North Americm 

fig. 718. 969 
The mxmy-flowered CurrmU-Mke GooaeberTy. 

5. (t.)Cyn68betiL.A Canada f. 7 19. 970 

The Dog- Bramble Gooaebeny. 
R. ? iriflorwm vor. 

6. (t.)(iiTaricatum2>o«^/.A N.America 

fig. 720. 970 

The ipreadhig-AraiidkAf Gooaeberry. 
R. ? trifiArmH var. 
R. ? Groisuldria var, trifidra anAvor. 

7. (t.) irriguum Dot^. A North America 

fig. 721. 971 

The well-watered Gooaeberry. 
R. ? kriSldrwn par. 

8. hirt^llum Michjp. A N. America 971 

The slightly bairy-^oncAtftf Gooaeberry. 

9. gr&cile Michx, A North America 971 

The ilender-ftroMdktf Gootabory. 

10. aciculare Smith A Siberia - - 971 
The adcular-jyiMMtd Gooaebeny. 
R. ir^a-ifiapa Sierera. 

I I. Grossulf^ia L, A Europe - 972 

The common GooMberrr. 

R. ITva-erispa (Ed. Fl. Dan. 
Grostuidria kinkta MiU. 
R. IPvO'Crintm var. 5 
Feaberrv, Cnei 
Feabes, Norfolk. 



eyhire and the N. of RngUnd. 
Fr. 



Gronertt in Scotland. 
QroteiUer d Maqmret 
Gri$eUe, in FioAnoat. 
Gemeine Staektiheertt Ger. 
Vva 4i^, Ital. 



CONTENTS. 



XXIU 



Varieties m - - - 972 

2 U^a-crSspa Sm. A 

£^>aHETi«|M Toch. 
Ip9a'$pina Math. 
R. tTva-erigpa ear. 1 sfMslriM 
BerUndier. 

3 spinosissiiiia Beri. MSS. A 

4 reclinata Berl. MSS. A 

R. recUndtum L. 
Grossultiria rfclmdta Mill. 

5 Bessertana Berl. MSS. S 

R. k^bridum Beuer. 

6 subinermu Berl. MSS. A 

? R. 6. reeUndta Mttbettr. 

7 inacrocarpa Dec. dl 

8 bractedta Berl MSS. A 

Otktr VarietieM. A 
The Red Champagne. A 
Horseman's Green Gage. A 
The Red Rose. A 



a. Bene tf Goot eb er r ies belonging to this Division not 
ffet hstroduoea. 



974 



IL 

a. 



> T^ikBiiiin Irfumr 

a. oiMBaak JL itf K 

a. cHtfataa ilOT*. «« ^m. 

R fZoKMTf red. 
13. ^>eciosuin PttriA. A California 

fig. 722. 974 

Hut thamj'JUneered Gooseberry. 
R. aiamlnmm Sm. 
R.^MdMSldet F/. Ifrx. 
R. IrMcanMMm Menxief . 

a. Sorts qf Gooseberries not tret introduced belong- 
ing to this Subsection. - - 975 






a. 

$ iL Botrycdrpum Dec A - 975 
13. orientMe Poir. A Syria - - 975 

The Eaatem Currant-b'ke Gooieberry. 

U. saxatile Pall. A Dahuria - 976 

The rock Currant-Uke Gooseberry. 
? K. alpinum Slevera. 

15. Diacantha L.fil. A fig. 723. 976 

The twiD^^tidtied CurraiU-like Gooseberry. 

16. lacustre P(»r. A N. Amer. f. 724. 976 

The Iske-skle Currant-tike Gooseberry. 
? R. oxjfacantkoldes Michx. 
R. ectunatum Dougl. MS. 

$ iiL Ribesia Dec. A Jc -977 
A. Flavers greenish^ or greenish uf How ^ or reddish ; 



Fruit, in a wild State, red. . 977 

17. rubnim L. A Europe - - 977 

The aam m on red Currant. 
R. ^tnledre N. Do. Ham. 
Oroseuler common, Fr. 
Gemeine Johannisbeere.Ger. 
Boode AaOessen Boom, Dutch. 

Faneties A . - - 977 

1 lylv^tre Dee. A 

2 hort^nse Dee. A 

R. rkbrum Lois. 



Paf* 

3 cirneum Berl. MSS. A 

R. rubrum domisticum 2 baecis 
cdmeis Wallr. 

4 vari<^atum Dec. A 

5 Alburn Desf. A 

6 foliis luteo variegfltis Du Ham. A 

7 foliis Albo variegatis Du Ham.M 

19. (r.) alpinum L. a Europe f. 725. 979 

The alpine red Currant. 

Varieties A - - - 979 

1 sterile IVaUr. A 

R. dioicum Mcench. 

2 baccifenim IFallr. A 

3 ptimilum Lindl. A f. 726. 

4 foliis variegatis Hort. A 

19. (r.) petr«um Wulf. A Carinthia 

fig. 727. 979 

The rock red Currant. 
R. alp)nufn Dcl&rb. 
The wooUu'leaved Currant. 
The red Marsh-mallote-leaved Currant. 

20. (r.) spicatum Robs. A England 

fig. 728. 980 
The tpiked-Jlowered red, or Tree, Currant. 

Carpathian 
- 980 



21. (r.) carpatbicum KU. A 

Mountains 
The Carpathian red Currant. 
R. actrrimum Rochel. 



22. (r.) multiflorum KU. A Croatia 

fig. 729. 980 

The many-flowered red Currant. 
R. spicatum Schultes. 

23. (r.) procfimbens Pall. -* Siberia 

fig. 730. 981 

The procumbent red Currant. 
K. polycdrpon Gmel. 

24. (r.) prostratum L. ^ North America 

fig. 731. 981 

The prostrate red Currant. 
R. glanduldsuni Ait. 

Variety -is - - - 981 

2 laxiflorum Jk 

R. t^ffCw Dougl. MSS. 
R. lazifiorum Pursh. 

25. (r.) resinosum Pursh. A N. America 

fig. 732. 981 
The resinous red Currant 

26. (r.)trffidumilficAj-. -* N. Amer. 981 

The iritA'Caiyxed red Currant. 

27. (r.) albincrvum Michx. A Canada 982 
The white-nerTed./totferf red Currant. 

28. rigens Michx. A Canada - 982 

The iWV-racemcd red Currant. 

29. punctatum R.etP.A Chili f.733. 982 

The dotted. leaved red Currant. 

30. (p.) glandulosum R.etP.^ Chili 982 

The glandular- cfl/yx«/ red Currant. 

h 



IltxiT 



31. nigrum i;. • Europe fig. 734. 983 

The bluk Currul. 

Sckaartu JolummlihetTt, Ger. 

Varittia m . . - S84 

3 bicd aiiidi Card. Mag. ft 



'■ft;', 



triste PaU. ■ Siberia 



33. (n.) Riiriduii) L'Heril. • N. America 
fig. 735. 985 
The Binrpry bUck Currul. 



BlMtJum nlfnun. fc. Dili. 



34. (n.) ioebrians Lindl. • N. America 

fig. 736. 986 

Tke IntaxIcUJng bUck Cumol. 

35. c^um Dougl. A N. W. America 

fig. 737. 986 

Tba HU^JfiiHil Moet Cumot. 

36. vtBCOBlssimuni Purd. • N. America 

fig. 738. 987 

The nrj clunmr tlact Cumnt. 

37. hudsonianum Sichardton. m Nortli 

America - . • ■ 987 

* R. frt/oU^oagl. 

38. glacmle WaU. • Nepd - - 987 

TtH iCT Mwl ClUTlDI. 

■. Sftckt or Varinltt ^ Bibn iflm^tKr to Mc nf- 



). sangutneum Fur«A. ■ K. 
The UoodFt or rei-Jiottttedy Cumii 



3 nutlvueum BtnA. * 

4 i(n>-rubeiu Hurt. A 

I or Vartaiei iif Rlba fcAHUliu 
•I CitftluStclKmRUiitiM. ichkl 

o-purpilreura Mtytr. • S 

I Floven d«ep pojpU. Ac I 
9 Leara nttaer putHCHit, t 



5 IT. Sjn«ji*uM/yi Dec 
i\. aiireum Purtb. tt N, Am. f. 

The Eoldni-^uvrtiri Cumot. 



42. (a.) tenuifldnim Lmdl, * 



App. i. ,1 Ctani/InitiM of lit i 



Escalloniaces. • i 

[. /'TEA L.* - 

The iTit. 



11. ESCALL0-N/i4 Mutia. < 

SV riAiyJea R. M P. 



CONTENTS* 



Ixxv 



S. rubra Prr$. a —J - fig. 746. 993 

Fortefief m^ . . 993 

1 glabritiicula Hook, rt Am. m I 

2 mlbiflbra Hook, et Am. m I 

M.mtm^mnBii Bat. Ciri>. 

3 pub^cens Hook, et Am. m |_J 

B. monterid^nsis Dec. m _l fig. 747. 993 

E. Jtoribunda var.6 monUviddmig Schlecht. 
£. bifida link et Otto. 

B. floribuDda if. B, et Kunth. A -J 994 
B. resinosa Per$. a ^ - . . 994 

Slertixigbm raiitd$um R. eC P. 

E. pulverulenta Pers. ft ~J . . 994 
Sieredtxgiom ptUtferuUntum R. et P. 



SaxiJrdgecB. • •l-J ■^ 294 

Tk-ibe Htdra'ngijB. A A uJ A ^ 
L HYDRA'NGEA X,. • auJ A-J 994 

Tu Hydjkangba. 

HpdrAHgea and HorUn^ Juts. 

1. arbor^scens L, A North America 

fig. 748. 994 
The arboretomt Hydrangea. 

Varieties A - . - 995 

1 Tulgaris Ser. A 

H. fmigdrit Micfax. and ? Punh. 
H. arboriscent Curt. 
H.fnU($cem Moench. 
S discolor Str, A 

S. (a.) cordata Purth, A North America 

fig. 749. 995 
Tbe oordale^oMtf Hydrangea. 

3> nivea Michx, A North America 

fig. 750. 995 
The taowj.leaved Hydrangea. 
H. radi&ta Walt., noi of Sm. 

Variety ... 995 

2 glabella Str, 

^> fuercifolia Bartram, A North America 

fig. 751. 995 
The OakpfeaTed Hydrangea. 

H. radiita Sm., not of Walt. 

^ heterom611a 2). Don. A Nepal 996 

Tbe dlTerae-haired-iraverf Hydrangea. 
%. I Half-hardy Species of Hydrangea, 996 

S^BwKHfa neb. A I flg.75«. 



jr. *«rMw<f 8m. 
JMMmU oMilMrfM Lam. 



R. 



ir«i7, 



r. All 
WI.AII 



i ViMrsMR laiiMnMmm Thasb. 



UmbeUdcecB. • auJ 
L -BUPLEU^RUM Toum, 



Tub Buplburcm, or Aarr*< for. 

Tfndrik and Bmfristis Spreng. 
8tf«rtf Bauh. and Mor. 
BupUore, Oreille de Lihtre^ Fr. 
HasenSMeim, Gw. 



997 



997 



Pag* 

1. fruticosum L, m S. Europe f.753. 997 

The shrabby Bupleurum. 

Tendr\AfrtUicd9a Spreng. 
Buprfstisfruttdaa Spreng. Bfag. 
Sfyeli tetkiApicum Bauh. 
S^selifriOex Mor. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of the Genus 

Bupleurum, - - 998 

B. gibnltiriaiin Lam. A i f 

B. eoHdetuH* L'Herit. 

B. oftflfioMt Vahl. 

B. arborAeefU Jacq. 

TemArliL coHdna Spnng. 

B. vertiaU On. 
B. fiMntagtoeam IM^f. A I 

IVNdria jftoiUagdua 8prcng. 
B. tmMum* Sdumsb. A t^ 
a. fhitfieau L. A |_J 



Araliace<B, • L - 998 
I. ARA'LIA L.A . . .998 

Thb Aealia, or Angelica Tree. 
Ardlia $p. L. 
Ardlia vene Blum. 

I. spinosa L. A N. America f. 754. 999 

The ipiny Aralia. 

Aralie^ Fr. and Ger. 
Spikenard^ N. Amer. 

Other suffiruticose Species of Ardlia, . 999- 

II. /fE^DERA Swartz, L - 998, 999 
Thb Ivy. 

AriUia, sect. Gyr/rndpterum Blum. 
HAiera and Ardlia ip. L. 
Lierre, Fr. 
Epken^ Ger. 

1. ^elix L, t. Europe - • 1000 

The common Ivy. 

Varieties i. . . 1000 

1 vulgaris Dec, (L f. 755. 

2 canari^nsis Dec, i. 

H. conariintiM WiUd. 
? 3 cbrjTSociirpa />ec. (L 
H. po^iica C. Bauh. 
H. ckrysocdrpa Dalech. 
H. THonHsiat J. Bauh. 
H. H^ix WaU. 

Additional VarietieM in British Gar- 
dent. 

4 foliis arg^nteis Lodd, t. 
The MrfT'Striped Ivy. 

5 fdliis aiireis Lodd, L 
The eolden-#fri^p«tl Ivy. 

6 digit^to XocU. (L 

The palmate, or Aontf^i^ped, Ivy. 

7 arbor^ens Lodld |L 

The arboretcent, or Tree, Ivy. 



Kamameliddcea, It 



1006 



I. /fAMAME'LIS Zr. I A 1006, 1007 

Tub Hamamblis, or Wyek Haxel. 
Trildptu Mitn. 

1. virgduca L, It m North America 

fig. 756, 757. 1007 
The Viiglnian Ilamamelis. 

yirginitcke Zaudemuis, Ger. 

h 2 



Ixxvi 



CONTENTS. 



Pag* 

- 1008 



Varieties 
2 parviflora NuU, 
S macrophylla. 

H. macrophylla Funh. 



App. L Other Species, not yet introduced, 1008 

H. p^riica Dfc. 
H. chin^nsU R. Br. 

II. FOTHERGrLLi^ L. a 1007, 1008 

Thb Fothbroi'lla. 

HamatnUiM L. 

1. alnifolia L. 3f North America 1008 

The Alder-leaved Fothergilla. 
F. Gdrdeni MicJu. 
Hamamilis monoica L. 

Varieties A - - - 1008 

1 obtiisa Sims, m f. 759. 

F. m4jor Lodd. 
F. tJnifdlia L. fll. 

2 acuta Sims, fk 

F. G&rden\ Jacq. 

3 mijor Sims, A f, 758. 

4 serotina Sims, A 



CamdcecB. 5 
I. CO'RNUS L. 5t 

Thb Dogwood. 

Comouilier, Fr. 
Hartriegel, Ger. 



1009 
. 1009 



§ i. Nud\flbr<B Dec. ^ A . 1010 

1. altcrnifblia X. A % North America 

fig. 760. 1010 
The altcmate-IeaTed Dogwood. 
C. aliilma Marsh. 

2. sangulnea L, A North America 

fig. 761. 1010 
The hXooA-red'kavcd^ or common^ Dogwood. 

C.fce'mina Rail. 

Vlrga $anguhita Matth. 

Female Cornel, Dogberry Tree, Hound 
Tree, llound's-berry Tree, PHcAwood, 
Oaten or Gotten Tree, Gater or Gatter 
Tree, Coleridge Tree, Wild Cornel. 

Comouiller iauvage, tangtUn, or femettei 
Puine, or Bois punais, Fr. 

Bother Hartriegel, Ger. 

Sanguinelio, Ital. 

Varieties A - - 1011 

3 Ptirih// Don. A 

i'.. aangulftaa Punh. 

3 fbliis varicg\ti8 A 

C. candidUMimafjt. var. Lodd. 

3. &lba L, A N. America fig. 762. 1011 

The whtte->V«i£cd Doffwood. 
C. stolon(fero Inichx. 
C. tatdrica Mill. 

Varieties A . - 1012 

2 circinatum G, Don. A 

C. eircindtum Cham. 
Mtuquameena, Mcethquan-wX' 

meenattick, and Meenisan, ofthe 

Crec Indians. 

3 sibirica Lodd, A 



4. (a.) strlcta lAim, A North America 

fig. 763, 764. 1012 

The ttnight-branched D<^wood. 
C.fasiigiiita Michx. 
C. sangulnea Walt., not of L. 
C. cyanocarpMM Gmel. 
C. cafuuUnsu Hort. Par. 
C. eeerulea Meerb., not of Lam. 

Varieties A . . 1013 

2 asperifolia Lodd. A 

3 sempervlrens Lodd, A 

5. (a.) paniculata Z/'/Tm^. A S North 

America - - ^.765. 1012 

The panlcled->loi0rrfii^ Dogwood. 
C. racemiaa loan. 
C./oe'mrna Mill. 
C. ciirifdlia Hort. Par. 

Varieties A . . 1013 

2 ilbida Ehrh. A 
S radiata Pursh. A 

6. (a.) serlcea UHerii. A N. America 

fig. 766. 1013 

The silky Dogwood. 

C. lantmndso Michx. 

C. <f^Aa Walt., notofL. 

C. Amdmum Du Roi. 

C. rubigindta Ehrh. 

C.ferruginea Hort. Par. 

C. cand&iMsima MUl. 

C. cyanocdrpoi Moench, not of Gmsl. 

Varieties A - . . 1013 

2 oblongifolia Dec. A 

C. obhmgifdlia Rafln. 

3 asperifolia Dec, A 

C. asperifdUa Michx. 

7. (a.) circinata UHerit. 5 N. Americi 

fig. 767. 1014 
The rounded-Zeafftftf Dogwood. 
C. tontentosa Michx. 
C. rugoaa Lam. 
C. virginidna Hort. Par. 



8. obI6nga Wall, ± Nepal 

Th« oblong4eaw«( Docwood. 
C. ptudeulAta Hiunilt. 



C. macroph^t fTali. A 

C. cscilM JSr. a. «« EmUh. A 



1014 



.1014 
.1014 



§ ii. Involuerdta Dea 9 - 1014 

.1014 
. 1014 



C. dbeiflin Moe. W Stew. ^ 
C. grdmdis Cham. 

C.J«iMinlcaT»MiiA. ¥ 

yib4mmnj^3miemm Spreag. 



9. mAs jL. 4 Europe pi. 189, f.768. lOU 

The male Dogwood, lA? Comei^ or Cornelia 
Cherry Tree 

C. nuitcvla L'H6rit, ftc. 
Long Cherry Tree, Cornelia. 
CornouilUr mule. Comes, ComeUks, Fr. 
Komel Kirsche Hartriegel Ger. 

Varieties !t - - - 1015 

2 fructu cdra* colons N, Du Bam. I 

3 Tari^tus 3f 

10. fl6rida L, 5 N. America f. 769. 1017 

The Florida Dogwood. 
Virginian Dogwood. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxvii 



IL BENTHA^M/il Lindl. « 1009. 1019 

Thb BsimiAMiA. 

C&ntus jp. Wall., Dec., and G. Don. 



h hd^ren LindL It Nepal f.770. 1019 

Itrawbeny-bearix 
C^rmus capiUUa 



The Strawbernr-bearing Benthamla. 

WaU. 



LoranthdcetB. ^£ 1020 
I. H'SCUM L. 1 1 . .1021 

Tea MiJTLBTOB. "TT* 
Mnseldrne, 
Gut\ or Guy, Fr. 
Jlft«</, or Missel, Ger. 
FiKo, or risckio, Ifeal. 
X.^amoda)f4i, Span. 

1. Mbum L.19. Europe f.771, 772. 1021 

lite ytliitb-fntited, or common^ Mistletoe. 
App. L Other Speciet of\i$cum. 1025 

r. iMldIUfl6ffiim Jbyb. 
"'dnmtiin Pet. 

n. AirCUBA Thunb. • - - 1026 
Thb Aucuba. 

AAkuba Kmw^. 
£&dam Salisb. 

1. jap6nica Thuvh, jH Japan - 1026 

The Japan Aucuba. 

EUhatis dichdiomms Salitb. 
SpottedJeavcd Laurel, JapanlLaureL 

App. I. U>ramthdeea not introduced. 1026 

jUviMhw canneHu L. 

jot Esraenn i-oranthiM. 

L. odoritw ir«||. 

j:. Lunbtnttwu SdmhK. 

• artooi other Spectak 

f.Wcolar. 

f*. paivcniMatas. 

^ eoraifoUiw. 



CaprifolidcefB. - 1026 
5 A •uJ • •□ •lJ -• -I i. i.i_J 

Sect I. 5'ambd\;kjb. 

1 A IK aO auJ 1027 

L 5ABCBU'CUS Toum, 1 m . 1027 

Tbs Eldbb. 

YkffUkma Lour., not of L. 

A. Leamets pim m at e. Flowers cymose or corymbose. 

1. nigra i. 5 Europe pi. 190. f.773. 1027 

Tfie common, or XAackr-firuited, Elder. 

Bourtry, or Bour Tree, Amtree, Scotch. 

Smreau, Fr. 

HtMander, Ger. 

Sasnbueo, Ital. 

Saueo, 5a&tfco, Span. 

Flaeder, Swed. 

Hplde, Dan. 

Varieties It » - 1028 

2 vir^scens 2>ee. 5^ 

S. vMseens Detf. 

3 leucoc^Lrpa S 

The ParsUv-leaped Elder. 
8. lacimiuta MiU. 



Pinpr 

5 rotundifolia IE 

6 monstrosa It 

S. monstrosa Hort 

7 foliis argenteis ± fig. 775. 

8 foliis liiteis It 

2. canadensis L, S North America 

fig. 776. 1030 

The Canadian Elder. 

a. Species of SamMrtu belonging to this Subdivision, 
not yet introduced, • - 109O 

9. palmAuii Umk. 
8. mcxlcina Pnti, 

8. ««A«fi>)4M CbMm. ct Schlccbt. 
8. peroTUna H. £. tt Kmntk. 

8. fMV^olnM WUld. 

B. Leases pinnate. Flowers panieled* 

3. racemdsa X. a South Europe 

fig. 777. 1031 

The nccmoMi-flowered Elder. 
S. moniuna Cam. 
S. cerv)ni Tabem. 

Variety A - - - 1031 
2 lacini&ta Kock. A 

4. (r.) pubescens Michx, A N. America 

1031 

The downy Elder. 

S. racemdsa Hook, not of L. 
8. pubescens Lodd. 

Variety A . - - 1031 

2 hetaphylla A 



S. •baUAdcc Di^f. 



C. Leaves bipinnate. 



Fhfftemnta bipinndta Lour. 
9. phyteumOldn Dee. 

tkyUumta cachiiuklnAuU Lour. 



1051 
1031 



II. riBU'RNUMi. S A A aQ alJ 

1027. 1032 
Tub Viburnum. 

O^pulus, \ibumum, and Tteait, 

Tourn. 
yibumum and (ypulus Moench. 



§ i. T2nu« Toum. 



i-J . 1032 



1. Tinus L. 



South Europe 

fig. 778. 1032 
The Lauruftinui. 

V. \aurifdrme Lam. 
T)nus Toum. 
Tbvitf laurifolia Bork. 
Tke Ltturestine, Wild Bale Tree, GeranL 
Viome, Laurier, Tin, Fr. 
Lorberrartiger SckneebaU, Sckwalkem- 
strauch, Ger. 

Varieties A - - . 1082 

2 hirta Ait. A 

V. T)n«« MIU. 
y.lkcidumma. 

3 lucida Ait. A 

4 virgata Ait, A 

5 stricta Hort, A 



A. Half-hardy Species qf Viburnum belonging to tke 
Sectton Tlnus. - . 100 

r. rasbnm fVn. A |_J flg. 779. 
V. Thntu var. HHcta Alt. 
V. Hr{(tw»i Link. 
V. rigiitm Vent. 



fc."7^ft,79a 1038 






AXL. 



^-r- " >— ».. 



•^ ■ *^ %(i^ ^.* 



- 1055 







loss 



"* ■- . ..' *M , ^r 



* 



5 *.THsrt:3. 



'i=L 







Z^ Ti-r^nmr 



- -•T r 









1038 



HOB 



^. ">»»«'. -vj' /. • -*--m >-jKrKa I ir2.I 



/ 



<- 



■r -" rn. 



KG3 



JCe«9 



V /ni^x-V.- -ur^f /Jr..'. 

V*tti^,AM • y - - 1036 

<>- /f/. I WwifAMrt/k* Afyhjt, A U North 
Xm^>/« - -fig. 766. 1036 






Ss'Taa ij' "^jtm 



Ittk 

m 




_ f«. m. 






C uL O/mlu Toum. A . I0S9 
i la. O'polns L.^A Enrope fig. 792. 1039 

I 






iMitt^maft grmtdifdUa Ait. 



V l,4mhtnH H tn9u$4^iuis Peri. 
$PthtfU thMk, Atn*ir. 

Iff. (t,.; fi^tUiinnitu Pali. A Siberia 1037 

'/m ltmk,tit\Ht, VtMirriiirn. 

l^,ftU*fm rtutttft^ttua fall. 
I ^trnv* Huurit.u Liixni. 

Ill ('f\t.) MHinifoliiim D, Don, A Nepal 

fi;;. 787, 788. 1037 
'Iff* Ciiflfiiu t'uvi'il VIlNiriiiiin. 



O'^alB 



aqmiticm Bauh. 
Jtartk Eider, RoMe Elder, Wmter EUer. 
rv>rmt-Obier, FOUer d'Emrope, Fr. 
Sdkvmafmberr Stramek, HmsterktUtr, 
SdbMviMil, Gcr. 

Farieties A - - - 10S9 

2 stirilis JDec A 

V. O. rd$emm Roan. 

TV Smov-baU Tree, CueUtr 

Bate. 
PeUotu de NHge, BomkitVPt* 

Poire moUerFr. 
SckmeebaUe,GeT. 

3 foliis varieg:eltis LodcL A 

16. (O.) acerifolium L. North America 

fig. 793. 1040 

The Maple-l^ived Guelder Rote. 

17. ( O.) oricntale PalL A Asia Miliar 1040 

The Eastern Guridcr Row. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxix 



18. (0.) Oxyc6cco8 Pursh, m NorS 
America ... 1041 

The CnnherTf'/Hiite4 Guelder Rofe. 
V. opumdet Muhl. 
V. trilobum Manh. 
V. CKp«te» americdna Ait. 

Variety • - - - lojl 
2 subint^rifoUus Hook. A 

19. (0.) edule Pursh, A North America 

1041 

The eHYAe-firtuUd Guelder Roie. 
V. (ypuitu edulii Michx. 

ax (0.) moUe Michx. m North America 

1041 

ThtwiA-kmpei Guddcr Rom. 
V.ai^/UjwnManb. 

A. Speda qf Yfbummm belonging to Ike Section 
<ypuhu, noi yet introdmeed. 1041 

»Ckmn.at8dUtekt. 

nrma. 

__ Bmm. 
pmimnm Wall. 



4- («Umcin Bbtwu 



Sect 11. LoNicE^Kj;^. A j* J i. i._J I041 

IL DIERVFLL^ Tourn. a 1027. 1042 
Ta« D1XRVIU.A. 

Lonicer^sp. L. 

l»V«ifia Pert. 

J. canadensis W^ifli/. A North America 

fig. 794, 795. 1042 
The Canadian IMerrilUi. 
LonfeerB. DiervWa L. 
D. Timrm^f&rm Michx. 
D. kkmilit Ten. 
D. HUea Parsh. 
D. trifida Momch. 
JD. arcadiinsit Du Ham. 

^PP. i. SptcieM of Diervitttk not yet intro- 
duced, . . 1042 



rd««r» 






'ir^ 



Thmib. 



\ emwAuit Thuah. 



t^ngelMi _ _ 

V. LONrCER.1 Desf. m m %. A -i -J 

1027. 1042 
The LomcBSA, or Honeysuckle. 

LonteertL ap. L. and many authon. 
€UmrifUium and XyUsteum Jim. 
Z^idslrwN« Capr^oUum, Ckanutef- 

rami, and Peridfmenum^ Tourn. 
C«prifdlnfM and I,4»ile«ra iSorm. 
/.oawciTa and Xyl6$teum Torrey. 
CMvrcffM/iZt;. Fr. 
Gatsblatt, Hondgblume, Lonicere, 

Ger. 

$i. CaprifoUum Dec. J i. i.^ 104S 
Caprifdiium Jusi. and Ronn. 
Loitkrra Ton*., not of Schult 

A. Fkneeri ringent. — CtignifiUmn Tourn. 

Pericl^menum L, A Europe 1043 

The WoodMnc, or common Uoneytuckle. 
FericMmenm$n, Ger. 
Vrricljftmenmm germanieum Rltr. 



« Fife 

reridfmenum kortin$e Getn. 
Ctmrifolium Feridfimenum Roem. et 

Schultes. 
Caprifdiium tylv&ticum Lam. 
CaprifoUum Kail. 
n'oodbind. 

ChivrtfeuiUe de» Bois, Fr. 
Wildes gemeines Geissbla/I, Ger. 
Gewoone Kamperjoetie^ Dutch. 
Ja^ BoscOt Ital. 
Madre Seiva, Span. 

Varieties A " - - 1044 

2 ser6tinum ^t7. J fig. 797. 

Fericlifmenum germdnicum WXi. 

S b^gicum ^ 

Fericl^menum germdnicum Mill. 
Diet. 

4 ^ercifoilum -<fiV. ^ 

2. Caprifdiium Z,. ^ Europe f. 798. 1045 

The Goat's-leaf, or pale perfoliate, Honeyiuckle. 
Fericiymenum per/olidtum Ger. 

3. (C.) etr68ca SanH. .J fig. 799. 1046 

The Etruscan Honejnuckle. 

L. etrAsca Hort. Fl. Austr. 
CapnfoUum etruscum Roem. et Schult 
FericlOmcnum Ctouan. 
Caprifdiium itdUcum perJoUutum prtt^coM 
Tourn. 

4. impMxa Ait. t- Sicily fig. 800. 1046 

The Interwoven, or Minorca, Honeysuckle. 
CaprifoUum impldxum Roem. et Schult. 

Variety %, ... 1047 
2 bale&rica Viv. i. 

CaprifoUum baledricum Dum. 
L. baledrica Doc. 
L. CaprifoUum Desf. 

5. fl^va Sims, A North Amenca 

fig. 801. 1047 

The yeWow./lowered Honeysuckle. 
CaprifdUumJUivum Ell. 
Caprifdiium Frdscri Pursh. 

6. (f.) pub^scens Swt, Ji North America 

fig. 802. 1047 

The pubescent Honeysuckle. 

Caprifdiium pub^sccns Goldie. 
Z. nirsiita Eaton. 
L. GdURi Spreng. 

7. parviflora Lam. -J North America 

fig. 803, 804. 1048 
The small-flowered Honcvsuckle. 

Caprifdiium parvifldrum Pursh. 
L. dioica L. 
L. midia Murr. 

Caprip>lium bracteosum Michx. 
CaprifdUum diolcum Rcem. et Schult. 
CaprifbUum glaucum Moench. 
Glaucous Honeysuckle. 
CkevrefeuiUf dtoique, Fr. 
MeergrUnes Geissblatt, Ger. 
Middelboore KamperfoeUe, Dutch. 

8. (p. ) Douglasti Dec. J N. America 1048 

UouglaVt Hon«Twrkl«. 

Cmffrifbliym DougUitU Undt. 

9. grata AU. i. N. America f. 805. 1048 

The pleasant, or evergreen. Honeysuckle. 
Caprifdiium grdtum Pursh. 
L. virginidna Marsh. 
? Fertcl^menum americdnum Mill. 



L-mierophflla Hook' 



1019 



Ixxx 



c'- J 




B. Limd qf CoroBa anrfy ifmat, — 7£r^-:-*mt.^n.'n 

Thit::- - ' - '-ft- 

10. sempenirens .iii. t. yoctn -\jit»r-ca 

The eTergreen rrvnipirf B:i 

Prrir<yi 

Furictw* t_ - - - 10-fc? 

2 major .dtic (_ 

3 minor IL ._ 

The isiiLl Trvmp^ Hi:nt>TiudL«. 



11. cOiosa P'/ir. JE North .\merxi:a I'ix"* 

The cil:atn*i-itfarid H •.r>»7T:ni'k>. 
Capnf'jl-u-rt -ztu jitm. Pur»lx. 
£• eitu.ta Ihecr. 

12. occidentalis /fr^A -5 N. Amer. hyj) 

The W*^teTT» Hfrnryiiirk^. 

f'aprif'jO urn vrr 7i,Va.*,. ii* L .ni iZ . 

I. piUMi iri/M. .... ;.-.:-,: 

<Mpnf.J'..mi -f l t . tm m Ei. 3- «r HLuth. 

5 IL XyL',9Unm Dec. S A J (. 1050 

X§i^t*tm JrzM. 
tjmArtrh. Barm rt ^kuli. 
"XiflA^Unm and f.haimfr*raama T<»xni. 
X«^««''''anM Md Iicka .liiaw. 

Hfm^*t,*nu^n. llrmnUkarurm. Dntr.h. 

1^. r//r»fii«a /;/►/-. J J;4pari fi^. ^OS. 1050 

/y/n^^r*jafy»vi'^a Avlr., nr/t of Thunb. 

/intt/^, %h*l*^» K*r.-.p< 

* Mfffi/Uivm jny^Uum \xA\A. Ilort. Brit. 

Ilf I//r»jrifl^*fa 7^/^''. ^ China - 105 1 

*»:r.f/y,4 L,n(ri/U,rn H%1. 

I//, Jft(»^i»/:A ThurJt. %. Japan 

fiK. 800, 8 10. 1051 

h \i,1/^,it J/tft'm hit *: Tf t . 
/. thtn/n*i« ||/,f» Kr-tr. 

/„ fUfuAtH l.ttM . fi/it *if Thunb. 

I »f„i/Atium ehin^n$f ljnu\. Ilort. Brit. 

« llar^y Hpri ir% nf t,4mUer% hrhmminf to Ihr T)ir/- 
Hon Slfif/^HI of Ihr Hrtiitm XyUinlrum, ruil yi-t 
1nlrf0ilutr4 - • . jfi.Vi 

f,. f4frlilM)i|ri/-fi«U /Mn'« Milt. 

I, Hffli'flrum t^ittr. 
I<. TflMfff U'nik. H Aril. 

/, Vrrii/^mrnum I#«inr. 
I.. I^ti«^iiirill// Wall. 
I.. nUhfMU MV«//. 

A. i»tf r/i Thiihli. 

L. MTIIMllllfcU f»W/. 

I.. illffrkiryflU M'/i//. 
I<. /I||0ilrtii« ffVf//, 

^X/f/'i»frt^ln Mui'mltirtutn f> Dfifi 



I 







. IttI 

l"?. tarirumZ.a ^«a f.^ll,91«. 10j2 

^•truitia A - * - 1053 

3 ilbtllorm Dmt. A 

L 9^r^r9L-actt WSi^ 

3 robridora D^te. A 

£.. f:t><j-r4:a Hurt. 

4 *u.tea LatitL ft 

5 latiroiLa LoddL A 

17. ( t. > rrjrra L. A Ejin?pe - 1053 

C/ni /••.'"« «■"»! r'ijr-wn Lam. 

riirw^ ft . . . IC53 

S cuspaniliora ft ip. SIS,S14. 



IS. ( t.) ciliau M\LhL ft N. Amer. 10J3 

Ihe ciliatt^-Mfun.-^ HiTiievsacUe. 
\^ 'ottertm c: !:'. . turn lP>ir»h. 
L. riii'trtca >Gchx.. mjc of L. 
I.. cam«iJc:Juu Btzni. et ScfanlL 

19. pyrenaica L, A Prreiiees - 1051 

TIu* Pyrenexa Hooervjckle. 

ilaprijoiimm pfrtttL tcwm LaB. 



:f0. punlcea 5ijit#. ft North America 

fig. 815. I05i 

The crinuon-^oircrrcnf HooeymUe. 
Sjfmtpkoricirpot pmaioeut Svt. 



21. Xylosteum L, ft North Americt 

%S16. 1054 

The bonj-wooded. or ttpiigkt, r%f HoQCTSO^le. 
Capri/oltMm thnnrtitnam Lam. 
Xyl6$Uum dumetorwn Mt^ 

Vanetiet ft . . - 1055 

2 leuooc^rpa Dn, ft 

3 xanthocarpA Z>«c. ft 

4 melanocaxpa JDiec ft 



22. flexuusa Thunh. ft Japan. 

Tta* (ivtOAt-tltmmtfA Hoocywckl*. 
/>. iwc« Thunb.. not of L. 



- 1055 



«. Hardy Hpecics qf Lnnicerz, hebmgimg to the Dm- 
$ion ( ham*ec»:riui of the Scctiom Tjfiigflww, w4 
yi7 i Produced - - . lOU 

(*. Berries either distfnet or joined togetker. CorvOm 
very gthhotit at the Bate. Erect %makg Skrwbt. 
* C4iphatUh4t Dec. - , Km 

)tll, involucruta Banks, m North America 

%. 817, 818. 819. 1055 
Thr Inrohicrarrd IIoDcycuriUe. 

Xyl^tflewm inrolticrittmm Rlcli. 



CONTENTS, 



Ixxxi 



tiomCMpMmtMte pftkeSectitm 
tut Md get itUrodueed. 



H. B. •! Kaalh. 



Pag* 
to the DM- 
if which 
- 1066 



^liMr 



i-ffUMMMaccC 



D. JbrHin Iwo om each Pedmnele, joined together in 
fkieh iB bi'mmbiiicate at the Ape*. Erect 
Skruit.^UlkmAdatu. - 1056 



24. alpigena H, * Europe 

fig. 820, 821. 1056 
llMaliUiie HoDejtuckle. 

Caprifhiimm abAnum Lam. 
CtmrifiUmm abigenum Gwrtn. 
Is)ka aip^gena Borck. 
blca Ikaaa Monidi. 
Xml^temm alpigenmm Lodd. 
CkamttcdraMUM a^rlgena Delarb. 
Oerrp Woodbine. 
Ueckenkir§ehet Get. 

Farieiy * . . . 1056 
2 sibirica Dee. A 
I^ HUrica \e»t. 

S5. Ta.) microphylla WiIid.mS\berm 1057 

The snuU-Iasred HooeyiucUe. 
L. aipigena Sierers. 

%• obloDgtfolia Hook, m North America 

fig. 822. 1057 
Hw oblong-leaved Hooeytuckle. 
XgliMteum obtongifmwn Goldie. 

S7. csrulea L. m Eur. f. 823,824. 1057 
The blue-^rrrMai HonejracUe. 
L. wHUta Miihl. 
Xvldsteon HUhsnm Michx. 
XifiMetm SoUnit Eaton. 
L. wehiAna Dec. 
L. aliuica PaU. 

■Xyirtrt gwwi orHk/lnNM eanadAue Lam. 
JMfofeimt eanad6n$e Du Ham. 
Caprifdlium cofriUeum Lam. 
CAMMctfrimur orriJlni Delarb. 
£. MfreiK'°»cii PaU. 

S8. (c) orientalis X^m. * Asia Minor 

10J8 
Tbe Oriental Honerto^le. 
L. cauedMica rail. 
L. ettrHlea oaid. 
C h amad rasua orUniditM lanrtfdlia Toum. 

19. ib^rica Bieb. A . . . ]058 

The Georgian Honeysuckle. 
Xffliiiteon iUricum Bleb. 

u Har^ §Pfcie$ qfthe Qemus LonicerA belonging to 
the Dmnaion lalka qf the Section Xpi&teum, 
ndd pet inirodmced* - lOM 

MWaD. 
M Wall. 
WmO. 



/. SYMPHORICA'RPOS Z>UL m 

1027. 1058 
Tbb St. PcTSB*a Wort. 

Spmphoriedrwa Neck. 
»fnmhdria Pen. 
Inuanthus Willd. 
Lonicer^sp. L. 

. vulgaris Mlchx. * N. Am. f. 825. 1058 
Tbe conmoo St. Peter's Wort. 
LanUenStfpnphoriedrpoeli. 
8.parwiJldraDt»r. 
Bpn^hbria conglomerdta Pert. 
.I^w^phdria giomeruta Ponh. 



Fariety a - - . 1059 

2 foliis vari^atis S 

S. giomeruta JbliiM variegdti* Lodd. 

2. racemosus JlfirAj-. A fig. 826. 1059 
The racemose-^fotrerAl St. Peter's Wort, or 
Snowberry. 

Sfpnphhria racemhta Punh. 
L. kuoocdrpa Hort. 

A pp. L Hardy Species of SymphorieArpot 
not yet introduced, - - 1059 

8. ooddentilia Ridtarit. 
Wvffherrji, Amer. 



VI. LEYCESTER//I Wall. 



Thb Lsycbstbria. 
1. Formosa JVali. At 



1027. 1060 



-J Nepal f. 827. 1060 

The beautiAil LAycesteria. 

UameHk conntita Puerari MSS. 



^ubidcecB. 
t — I ■• AlJ "llJ ti-J 

I. CEPHALA'NTHUS L. m 

Thb Button-wood. 



1061 
1061 



1. occidentMis L. * North America 

fig. 828, 829. 1061 

The Western Button-wood. 
C. oppositifdliu* Mocnch. 
Swamp Globe Flower t Amer. 

Variety A . . . 1063 
2 brachypodus Dee, '^ 

Some other Species of Cephaldnthus. 1062 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneoua Plants heiUmging 
to the Order Rvbiacea. - 1062 

YiackxAjayhbetaUich*. t _J ftg. 830. 
Fimckmitjfu pvb^teem Pen. 
Cinekimt. oarolimiana Poir. 

SfiiMa fioe'tlda C^fNm. tl lJ IIj|. 831. 
l4fei»mj0ptfmi€um Thiuib. 
^feittrnf^tidtim L. fil. 
Iffeiym tmJieum R «■ 
^yibau/Mrinildte Lour. 
Bm^*i\» eoprotmi:id*t LTIMt. 
thftodafi/tida Saiiab. 
SpcnmedM/rHMeMM Dcif. 

PMcftma pAidula AH. ft J | 

Ph5IUs NitUa L. A 

A»UMMB6iBuin Bthitfpiniia I~ ft i 1 

Ambr&ria HtMtri Wahh. 
il^bla frutlc^M AU. 1L ij 

tLfntidbm numiimnt Potr. 

BoaT<fdt« Jarqulnf H. B. tt KuHlk. ft l_J 
B. MffkftUa Hort. 
IToMfMiia eonfNM Bot. Rep. 

ManMiitf irUAra Cbam. ct Sohleebt. V | I 

M. eordifbHa Mart. 



Lobeh'Jce^s. 

ffftM tallrtfblla G. Cm. ft i^ 

LthkUM. uUicifblia 8wt. 
LobMJaarbtomJTbrttf. ? ft. i I 
L. Mptebs Cftam. BL tJ 



1063 



CampanulacecB, 



1063 



M4Hehia adm Dimiortf. ft | | 

Cawifi ^m i fa tfurta L. 



U^4i< CONTXXTS. 

2. &nt<Snica L. & A.^ia fis. 838. 1068 






.. '. '.I, . I- 1 .M».ii/>.i. 3, arborescetts li. • Lef»nt - low 

. 4. !•.. w'*v tiu;.L Th*^ »rbor«cart Anawa. ^ IVw Wmrnr 

'ii.w4» ■ ..<M J, -Uicii*:liii«k Xbtimikimm ■■ fcii ^ii i ■< I ntr 

■. J../.,. 4 .... AbMhut, Jrmmtt m Jr*rv, fV. 

' ** Vpp. IL HiiifJkardySpecUaofArtmim.lW9 



... . VT^ll!''*' VI. //ELICHRVSUM 

'' "^ -1 '--.-r Vhm HuuvH%rvr v. or Etnimtimg Fktttr 

/ « N \m. r s:t;j nHi.-. ^^-^ 

'^ ■■ • .V .1 n.i..h,ri«. .,r /v I. >>ivVha.s Z>. Z>wi. •. Europe- 1070 

'•"*'■'•*"■•" ^•'« i A'M-r-itf/rMvc ^%/vtrr. ^ 



'■/ > ...I < Ap|i. i. llul/Jkartfy ^peeies <f Udukrjtm, 

«. t • liN.H 1070 

''''•••• I «'••'«» , «. friinc-un D. Dtai. «. |_J ««. HO. 

Mitaw rWfMMM Hoc. B«K. 

' - • ■ «r. ^tmtpnAain O. OkM. ■■ (_J (U. t^U. 

. r» ,. ■..../ •N \lllll. t. K.-ik \{H^^ W. •,.K«U»«uii t-«. 

I ■ M. I riwulwiiuai L*M, 

>■'■■■<*'. ■ M. vlivt-niriMlani Uaid. 

Vll. CINERAHIA LraM.*.!-! t^^ 
I,' fJWIMlIN*/ » iota. Utou 106^1071 

y. ■■■■■" /• . i Onenun'. Fr. 

* '■ n.-..*o.^ / » li.imw I I iiiftritima L. »^ —I 8. EuitNie 1071 

11.'. >4.U. liN;/ TtK* MM-Mi/tr-mAad<<nv Ciacnria, or ike Sn 

. ;. , I >.!' .M I C'mcrurra Pod. 

Jik.vIkc'^ murttrma Boop. 

\k..^ ,«...«,.M.. .h, *..... Ml,.,, . ^»'l'-'* ^''^^-^«^^>/«"cfo/Gi«rari«.l07l 

•.' •itaJllH n|(. H44. 

i /i.^iitctiliiiUilia /. m Sii4tiii t. ^iO. llHi/ '^ m-*'"*;"* ■- j-J 

~ ^ . IUlt.ttll » 1 I 'ig. 1 1..». 

I. JlnoiMiiuiii /.. il Hiir\i|ii> Uii H^h \{.KiS I Orfltr Cump>t4iiiK. . . 107'.' 

.ff«MtMM kM.t,tMt\ .tulUMi, Jl« .luffikJW, A* fMktUt V «l itwMtlll W- K S |^ 

«>«« • A. i.il v'iftauiuia Ik ll». • L. J 

.ibrotuH,/. \\.tX . ^u»u., diiU k\ul. I W*i»»rt»t«.i »iU»«iiift,i* iUd. Ca*. flk lI ^ «- 
. .. ^ . «• jf.ii.- L. ^ 




CONTENTS. 



Ixxxiii 



£.. m l^ All. M1|.J(49, uo. 
Wn. «■ lJ fi«. 851. 



PlR* 



f_J flff. 85S. 



UlA«M.il|_J 

Is 



.A fie. 857. 



M Apr. B UJ fis- 850. 



liflMM Mr. Al • I I fi|{. 859. 

mX.A|_J 

Mto O^f . il t-J 

koB iMn flit. M4K. B-uJ 



%D. 



\^Cam 



Dp£Ss. 



EpacridacecB 

MUA.Br. iluJ 
J 



Sm. 



1075 






4iff.80O. 



iJLArwiftLj 



toBje.Ar. ft| I (lg.S61.« 

ni An. tk t_J fig. 868. 
iCav. 

J\'^'-- R. Br. • l_J^flff. 863. 
klaJM.CMwill_J 



YjricacecB. - - 1076 
f-J • *lJ • •□ •i-J 

Sect. I. ^Ki'cBiB. • 1076 

-* Jt. t» 
■ monm^la, 5 ■. t^ ftuJ 1076 

k D. Don, • ». 1076. 1079 

ni. 

SrlM <}>. of L. and other Authors .1 



1. r^trolix L, a. N. Europe, f.864. 1079 

The four-leaved Heath. 

B. barbdnea Rail. 

B. gftwtfg Park. 

B. T. Hk^ra^ort. Eric. Wob. 

Tke crotM-iemred Heath. 

VarietUtn. . . - 1079 

1 riibra JETorl. Erie. Wdb, «. 

2 cimea Loudon* » H, B, «. 

3 &lba IToft. .Sric. Wob, a. 

4 Msckaiaita «. 

B. MdcAaiftna Ifaift. 

2. cin^realr. a. N.Europe f.865. 1079 

The grey Heath. 

B. mmtdbOis Salisb. 

B. kkmiits Neck. 

B. temmifdlia. Get. 

E. e. riUtra Bedf. Hort. Eric. Wob. 

VarieiUan. . . . 1080 

2 atropurpikrea XocU. a. 

3 alba I^oeU. a. 

4 pallida £oc/c2. «. 

5 cam^scens LodtL n, 

6 prolifera LodiL a. 

7 strScto ZocU. ol 

3. arl)6rea L. • South Europe - 1080 

The Tree Heath. 

B . wcopdria Thunb. , exdualTe of the ijmon . 

B. c^a L. 

E. tr(fldra Berg. 

B. procira Sal. 

VarietieM m ... 1080 

2 stylooa D(m*9 MUL m 

3 squarrosa HorL tk 

4 minima Hort. A 

4. (a.) polytrichifolia &i^ • Port. 1080 

? £. arb&r^ i 

? 'J. o. $t^a Hort. 

5. (a.) codonddes lAndL a Europe 

fig. 866. 1080 
The beU-ihaped->loi0ereid Heath. 

6. austr^is L. a Spain fig. 867. 1081 

The aouthem Heath. 
E. pisliUurU Sal. 

7. stricta JDonit. « Italy fig. 868. 1081 
The upright Heath. 

B. mmmcaulit Sal. 
E. eirtietk Dee. 
B. raimM$a VW. 

8. ciliAria L. «. Portugal fig. 869. 1081 

The dUated^OMstf Heath. 

9. sicula Schonberg. 
The SidUan HMth. 



?he rolvtrichum-leaTcd Heath. 
? B. orb&rt 



par. 



Sicily . 1082 



XL GYPSOCA'LLIS Sal. m n. 

1076. 1082 
Tub GTMOCALLI8, or Moor Ueaih. 
Erice of others. 

1. vagan8&i/.a. England fig. 870. 1082 
The wandering GyptocallU, or ComuM Moor 
Heath. 

Uriea 9dga$u L. 
Erica miga Sal. 
Erica muUifidra Huds. 
Brlca dUjfma Stokei. 
Erica pwrpmrdtcens Lam. 

i 2 



ix^XIV 



CONTENTS. 



•4 l<«i)i<U Jfuu « Mill, 



,liJi)i't*M />. /Aiyi. 






Smith Kuro|>v 
tt^. m71. 1083 

r*. t. < ii.i.//jYi>i .4 1. 



«l II- 14 



I I. 



I" J '. ■« i<« «i»a I- Xii, 

nil iliUnauii* />. lh»ti, m 5*. Eur. U»K5 
I ill \X% iliit 1 tiMKmi i:)r|>«u«:alUM> 



111. i'ALLV NA.Si/.«. 



I. vul^t^riK Si/. t« Europe • 

Ml •*:. C«rr. 
»H^» ttai. 



. lOTtf, I0ti4 



- 10I>4 






- K>fr* 



:t iKxuitibcutt Z^i/mN .ViV/. %,. 

.'I 4tba 2^uM*J MUL %. 

(> Hurv picuo lkm\ .VrtY. V 

7 luliiti varttfjjScts Dun,'* MilL %^ 

V* cucciiica VoH*» MiiL %^ 

itUtiiiiumul yamut jrvm t/ut ^ Hurt^^ ff^'v- 
b^mcnavu'* .... 1066 



App* (^ .irrangnmiaU it/ tkt hurd^ NtMlh* 
imeimlmi m dm pncmii/u/ List ; 4AwiL-</«y I 
which ti/ thum tfr« m FtouMt* in thai -^n 
Gmrtitm^ mtry Mvmih m the thtr . KtmJ the 
€olomr iff the Fiumtsr, <mJ thtt Htiyht <// 
I0»* 



App. III. List of Capg Hmtkt vhia 

gtand in the open Air, im Amhamm, 
middle of Wimter, wUhamt Pnttdtimh 
Fahrenheit's Thermometer 1 or S L 
below Freezing, wcUhotti sufiring im em 
from eueh a Degree of Cold, Al— I - 

CallUU ■curninku (frlca L.) Boi, Cab, if. 87 

i pallida Horl. Bnt. 
com&sa Hurt. Kew. Ic, 

a iUba Andr. Heath, 

3 nlbra IVemdt. E. 
ftH-rugiUMi Andr, UeaA. 
Avacinlboirfi-« Aodr. Heath. 
tvuuiflbra Andr. Heath. 

a altM Hitrt. Bra. 

3 iatea. 
tetragbna .Imfr. Heath. 

C. puuioiufhlia Sal. 
vvntricusa ^f J'<V- 

!l cuccluca. 

3 steilifcra. 

4 camea. 
AullM. 

6 Mi^wrba. 

7 urccla. 
(} iiuna. 

» hirsata. 
v\ir^inta ^ &*rica L. ) ferprlllfulla LoM. flg. 17 
Pttfr^-uithi** V £.'rica L.) bparmiaiu' Andr. Ud 
^. it»p€ra A. U. 
^>. i^.,trtcUl<}ra L. T. 
IH^MUM .^rica L.' cunl«rta ilaA^. Hemtk. t§. 
yrivA 4ggr>r)ijtn lt\itdt. Eric. fig. 876. 
i illM tiur/. A-t^. 
cainiMuuiata Jmfr. Heath, 
iMtiuthiilnes But. Jiag. 
i ^^abriuMKul^ iitet, 
i hl^plda Swt. 

3 tniiior tf . Il'oft. 

4 tniDur £f. I^a6. 

5 •uua tf ■ Kud. 
D »up«.>r<>a Suit. 

K. jmcniurrM B. M. 

fe'. K'-j*^-^.mi A. H. 

l.jm$tr*Mu cuf {/u/ia Daa*t MIB. 
L'uprtNMiiu Jut/. 
tC*wbo»4 Jmtr BvatlL 
^uat«rita .imtr. Heath 
^riM.tli> it .mui. Erie. 
hi»{ttatiiu. 
ie<u i;iihvr;i. 
luciua Jnur. if&trdL 

-* LamprtMit .'Mcnfti Dua'a Mill. 
U).trx>tr>t.lct;a Amur. Heath. 
I uiuuctiia. 

:{ tuiiiur 'ioil. 

-4 vvt'Utf Z^. ri jit. 

»«.-iJi.-v«i iuttr H'-'tt/L 
tKt:tiila JtHir li> u/A. 
b'urvivfiii^ S't'Ca /.. cridura IVVmS. £'nir. 

Iuii((ip«\iuiicuiaUfc Sot. CaL 
Qigrtta i^um's v.//. 
! K-uQ>!i«t [fbvi^'Jfs 3m. Mok . ti«- iRU»8n. 
>;■ I iii^Ou*;^ c ruci J bft . i na> H*. atk,. 

i »U|M:riM AuiL 
curwJthirift ttmr. hLOth, 

I uiroiiUa. 

:1 rubnu 
illapu.aia Oum's .Vrtf. 
fci^ttfrt'iiM Amir. 

3 H>tiv>«'*4. 

4 lum^nhira. 
■> twkiwa. 

•xiulaiu £u«W. 




CONTENTS. 



IXXXT 



grmtMbn Boi. Uag. 

I hOnUis. 

9iup§rt». 
IfD^accDS Jmdr. Utaik. 
rioogifldnJBM. Cat. 
ouomitiM AmJr. Heatk. 

SnUior. 

• pdUlda. 

4 KMca. 
t tikmida Boi. Reg. 
▼CftkrilUta Am^. Healk. 

SauUor. 
TiridteensJM. CM. 

kpp. IV. List of Capt ffeatht which are 

UaStrtr than thoae mentioned in the pre- 

ttding Littf and whieh, when exposed to the 

Dtgree of Cold there etaUd^ will he injured 

ty i/, 6«l wiU not tufftTt tdUumgh fuUy ex- 

pottd to a Temperature 4 or 5 Decreet hehw 

Fmzinff, Ai_l - - - - 1091 

BI«>M rrkoldn fig. 8M. 

EHcM JSfar^rU Wendl. CoU. 
Cdttiu iStlen L.) oonibu Wendl. Eric. 

l&lba. 
Sriibra. 
CtiveutiVc'iia Lodd. 



dafUxi 
muadulnLoM, 

S m^jor Lodd. 
peUOcida Andr. Heath. 

fl riUm H. fVob. 
pne^gnnu Bot. Cat. 
Scoccloea/f. Wob. 
Cwimb (£rlca X,.) orceolftrit fibrf. JCrw. Icon. 

flg. 881 
? mrticuUrls />«•'« MOL 
C'ctnU SctaiM 

EriM Sebtinai amrdntia Andr. Heath. 
SfUtca. 
Smtea. 
4 minor. 
^IctMitirgens. 

bwUU ^Mrfr. Hmeft. 

SmJ^or. 
BoQplaixlt<iJM BoC. Cab. 
?e^ Bed. Cab. 

Sipkrita. 
ccrinUioldes Sol. Mag. 

1 miior U. Wob. 
S minor H. Wob. 
nina H. Wob. 

dccvra ifnJr. Heath. 
depresH Andr. Heath, 
molltMhna. 
Pcrsoluta. 

2 41ha. 
Sriibra. 

propcodent Andr. Heath. 
pabecoeuB. 

1 vahior H. Wob. 

S minor H. Wob. 

3 Tcma tf. ffV6. 
qoadrilldra. 
refleza. 

SrAbra. 
rUbeoM. 

pcdoncuUrIt Sat. 
riaekrva Hort. Kete.Icon. 

Sllndrfca. 
rmrichUi Lodd. 
celida Bat. Cab. 
locamiU Andr. Heath. 
trivUUls itNab. 
:arf lepU ( i^rica L.) klbnt Bot. Mag. flg. 883. Ha- 

Uc^caba Andr. Heath. 
mjvtifdM iEncM. L.) trlcep* Bot. Cab. fig. 883. 
'TpMcillls (frlca A.) nudiflbra Sm. Icon. 
Aphiadra (frlca L.) cdMea iliMfr. /fro/A. fig. 884. 

8 minor ff. fFoA. 
8 m4)or 1/orf. ^r//. 
impffoUa (JTrtca 2^) calfclna ifntfr. iMroM. flg. 885. 

fl mUor H. Wob. 
icfajna (frtca L.) biccaai Bot. Mag. 



Pact 

SyringMea (£nca L.) ablMna. 

t cUTvflbra D<m'$ Mill. 
col6rani Bot. Rem. 
conclnna Andr. Heath. 
discolor Andr. Heath. 
elkU Andr. Heath. 
Ewertina Andr. Heath. 
3 glabra. 

3 Bp«c'15sa. 

4 longlfldra. 
6 piltica. 

lAauttina. 

S. iinjueSlAe* Andr. Heath. 
S. pertfricua Hort. K.ew. 
3 lupvrba. 
Unn»ul^« Audr. Heath, 
perspicita Wendl. Erie. 

3 n'ma. 
radl&U Andr. Heath. 

2 diaculur. 
•Impliciflbra WeruU. Eric. 
•piata Andr. Heath. 

8 pallida H. Wob. 
tubiflbra Andr. Heath. 
vettlU. 

1 ilba. 

3 incam^ta. 
3 purpurea. 
4rbMa. 

6 fdlgida. 
6cocctnea. 

7 liltea. 

8 mutabilli. 

9 Elegant. 

App. V. List of a few of the larger Specimene 
of exotic Heaths, enltivated in the Royal 
Botanic Gardenj Edinburgh ; with their Di- 
mensions, ^.t as taken from the Plants, 
I2lh July, IS36 1094 

App. VI. Culture of the hardy and half 
hardy Species and Varieties of ^ieeet belong- 
iny to the Group ^ricees normtkles. - 1094 

§ iL Androme^dxjv. - 1105 

S f. iO 1_J A Ai_J ft' alJ m m. 
«L-J -* fc. jfc. 



IV. ANDRCTMED^ L. n, 

Ttre Andromeda. 

Pol{f6lia Buxhaum. 
AndromedSk tp. L. 



1077. 1105 



1. />oHfr>Iia L, n. Europe fiff.889. 1106 

The Foly-leavcd-Andromeoa, orMoorwort. 
Rhododhtdron ytoitfoihtm Scop. 
Witd Hoaemary, Pot// Mountain^ Marsh 

Ct4tt*s, Muorwort, Marsh Holy Rose. 
Andromede, Ft. and G«r. 

Varieties al . - - 1 106 

1 angustifulla Lodd, fl. fig. 890. 

2 meoules & 

3 grandiflora Lodd, tt. fig. 891. 

4 latiKolia Lodd. ol fig. 893. 

5 minima tL 

6 revoliita Lodd. ol fig. 893. 

7 sc6tica a. 

8 stricta m. 

2. rosmarinifolia PttTf A. tt. Newfoundland 

1106 

The Rocrroarr-leaved Andromeda. 
A. polifdUa Michx. 



JbucKri 



V. CA.h^<JPF D Dan « -J 

K»77. J)(»T 

J . 4f!V7mui(ic» Z^« Zkia. a. ^ Jk. Europe 

h^^9^ 1J07 
7^ fi vpmnu^IlM- 



K. America 



Tut 




X iBM'giiiata D. ZIm. 



tabWaweA . . HOT 

C li|iDgf((*«<<M«i £>. JDiMK. 



PA 



■. ^3 oral Ancnci 
%.902. 1110 

Da 

. 1110 
2 nibra I^arftf. «. %. 90a 







aSeklcdkt. 



I 



4. mahiom />. 2>cMi. m 



.MrVMOte/Mtt^te WalL PL Par. 

WalL UhS. 



VL CA8SA'XDRyl D. Don. ■■ 

1077. 1108 

jtm4r4mme^ $^ L. and alkecs. 

\s adjrculaita I>. i>cM. ■. North America 

fig. 896. 1108 

Fariedetm. . . .1106 

1 vratrioofa Simu. m, 

2 latilulw /.odUL «. 
:5 oana J^tJiu. «. 

2. (l\) angustifolia G. Don. ■. N. Amer. 

fig. 897. 1108 
Thts nam/W'lesred CaMandn. 

Amdr^mfdz caij^euiula S^afigmst^dlia' Aft. 
Audr^muui^ tmtguMtffma Pur»h. 
AndrirmtdA crupa h^t. et Link. 

VIL ZENCTBU D.Don, m ^ 

1077. 1108 

Andr^medM ip. Mkhx. 

I, i»|>ccute I>. Xlcni. A M Carolina 

fig. 898. 1109 
Tli« Mttwy Jhwctrd ZmotiU. 

Andr6mfdm »pecid§a Mkhx. 

rarietitM A jb . - 1 109 

y iiitifU Ihtrth. A jb fig. 899. 

:5 imlvcruK'nU /'krfA. A j* f. 900. 
Amdr^hni^B puiverttUnta Bartr. 
Andr^medm cMtiiH^dUa Vrat. 
AnJrdfntdM tpfcidta var. y glaAca 

WaU. 
Amlr^netU dftUhtita IJndl. 
Andr&nuOB, oiMa ttoland M8S. 

VIII. LYO N//I Nutt. Y A A J. «. 

1077. 1109 

TNH I.VdMlA. 

AmtrfimedM tp, L. and varloiu otbrri. 




Nofth AnMfici 
fig. 903. 1110 

. nil 



5. 


racemosa D. Am. A K.AinericatUl 

Jmdr^mteApmuemHtm Wat, 


6. 


arborea D. Ikm, 

The Tree Lytmia. 


) N. America 


nil 



7. panicul^ta .Vv//. A N.Am. f.901 IIU 



^' 



AmdrdrntjApamicuttHm L. 

8. falicifolia IToa. A N. Am. f. 905. llH 

The WiUow-leared Lftnia. 

9. frondosa Xuit, A N. America 1112 

The brazkchT Lyoaia. 



10. multifidra Wats, m North America 

%906. lllS 

The many-flowerad Lyouku 

11. capresetblia Wais. A North America 

fig. 907. 1112 
The Goat>WiUow.leaTed LyonU. 

App. i. Doubtftd SpeeUM of Ly^ut mot ft 

inirodmceiL • . lUS 

L. rhombBid&lis O. Am. 

^ixlntawia rAoMMMfttf* N. D« Han. 

IX. LEUCaXHO^ D. Don. a wl 

1077. Ills 

The Lbucoth5e. 

AndrdnudA tp* of anthoft fiieiluuriy* 



1. axillaris JD. Doii. 



Tho axUlary-rocCTiMtf LeucethSe. 

i^M/fwyMrdk agiUdru Solander. 



North America 
fig. 906. 1113 



CONTENTS. 



Ixucvii 



FMi^ ft . - . 1113 
2 loDgifolia m 

Jon G. Don, «. North America 

fig. 909. 1113 

jMMMcrfk MiMil&t* Purth. 

doata G. Don. m North America 

fig. 910. 1113 
eomfaate-lMMd Leooothoe. 
J imdrSmed t L aeumUndta Alt. 
Am i rC m e d M . Ikcida Jacq. 

; pqfmlrM&'a Lam. 

; reHaUdta Walt 



iformosUtima Bartr. 
Aaurma 1 



Michx. 

Pipe-tUm'fooodt Amer. 

mnda X>. jOoh. a North America 

fig.911. 1114 
nmcroas-llowered LeucottMe.* 
Jndr^aitfda^ftfri'ftttiidks Lyons. 

taG.i>ofi.ft N.Am. f. 912. 1114 

pkate-raenrntf Leacothde. 

2RI8 D.Don, t - 1077. 1114 
Pmu. 

Audr^meiA tp. Wallich. 

■olia Z>. />0}i. f Nepal f. 913. 1115 



oMHfMtaWall. 
~^^- Ham. USB. 



Faff* 
Metuu'eMim polif^tiim Juit. 
Voedtt/ttin canidbricum Hudi. 
/rMA Whort*, Canta^rian Heatk, Saita 
Dabeoc's UecUk. 




Half-hardy Specie* of Fieri* net yet 
introduced. . - 1115 

WalL 

Wall. 
aD. Don. 

Thmb. 

lYLLCDOC^ Sal. «. ft. 

1077. 1115 
IB PanxoDOOK. 

Anur^tntut, tp. L. 

MamHtia. tp. Swarts and Smith. 

Mk &(^ & Europe f. 915. 1 1 15 

few-leared FhrUodoce. 
Memaui^ atrulea Sws. 
Awtt ifamifti. utrfOem L. 
A)^br&mte4*. iax^hUa Pall. 
Brloi orHk/^a Willd. 

striASrmis D. Don. u N. America 

fig. 916. 1116 
Snpfltram-llka PhjrUodoce. 
MmaHiifia empetr\f&rmit Sm. 

>ABCE'C/i< D. Don. «. 1077. 1 1 16 

IB Dabcbcu. 

Brlca Jp. Lin. 
ilntfrraitfdk «/>. Lin. 
MenauMM $p. Juu. 

I&lia X>. Don. ■■ Ireland 

fig. 917, 918. 1116 
raly«l0BVM DaboBGia. 
jMlrdmeda DaUe'^tia, Urn. Syrt. 
BrlM Doter^da LAi. n». 
MflwOfU Dofts^da Dec. 
Brim lUbfmiea, fc., lUjr. 



Variety a. 
3 flora £lbo £"10^ tt. 



- 1116 



XIII. il'RBUTUS Comer. ± luJ • 

•«-» - - - 1077. 1117 

The Aebuti«» or Strawberry Tree. 
Kndrdckne Clus. 
hfrbutus tp. L. 
Arbotuiert Fr. 
Sandbeere^ Ger. 
Abbatro^ Ital. 

1. C/'nedo L. 1 • S. Europe f.919. 1117 

The Unedo Arbutas, or Strautberrp Tree. 

L'Arbotuier commute, Arboutier det Py- 

rhUet^ Fraisier en Arbre^ Fr. 
Erdbeereartige Sandbeere, Got. 
Komadf Mod. Greek. 

Varieties, f » - - 1117 

1 &lbu8 Ait, ± ft 

2 riiber Ait, f ft 

3 planus Ait. ft 

4 scbizop^talus ft 

5 integrifolius iS'iiiu. ft 

6 crlspus ft 

7 ralicifoHus ft 

2. h^brida JTm 1 ft Hybrid 

pi. 192. fig. 920. 1119 
The hybrid Arbutu*. 

A. amdrackno\des IJnk. 

Variety 1 ft . , 1120 

2 MiUen' f ft 

A. MiUeri Mayes. 

3. i4ndr&chne Z/. 2 Levant pi. 193. 1120 

The Andrachne Arbutuf . 
A. hUegrifdlia Lam. 
Andrachne TheophrdsA Ch$s. 
Andrdckne Park. Theatr. 
Adrackni of Theophrastua. 
Andrackia^ Mod. Greek. 

Varieties . . - 1120 
l.With serrated leaves Toum. 
2 With large oblong fruit, Toum. 
3. With large compressed fruit, 

Toum. 
2 BerratiR>lia fig. Ml f i I 

4. procera Douglas, ft N. America 1121 
The tall Arbutui. 

5. tomentosa Pursh. ft N. America 1122 

The downy Arhuttus. 

Arctottdphyios tomentbso LIndl. 

Variety m - - - 1122 

2 nikda Hook, et Am. ft 

6. densiflora .ff. B, et Kunth, ftuJ Mexico 

1122 

The ilwMrtj-flowawd Arlnitiu. 

App. L Hardy Species of A*rbuius not yet 

introduced. • - 1128 

A.bmHmBL. 

A. MensMaH Pftnb. 

if. contifblia 

Arttiudfkglot eor^ifUU liwlL 
if.pilaAoa 

ArtfMM^y/M /?latlr« Llodl. 



Ixx 



CONTENTS. 



w. 



OnS. 



Pa|« 



t imihifl6n U*H. m i_J 
Axis << Par. A __J 

. t tanelU Ovc. L_J A 

JP. ip^/>« Mr. fcwjlte Lindl. 



ooodnm^ir. Ai_J tic. 6C7. 

JP. rtidmU KaiSb. 

#. mtafftUdmiea Lam. 

Nahjuia cvrc/iMa SchnccvoQRt. 

Slbaimm coeef ««« Maench. 
apitala Jlni* W Pa». A uJ 
dUoolor JUniT. A L_| 

tacUlkrti Lindi. A I I 

litfbiMa 9ii«. A I i 

CitMM ffwf. * l_J 

wr. t Ianffifl6ra H«W. A |_J 

leofrifltoa Vwf. ft l_J 

F. IwmtiptdmmruIMn BMton. 

grandlflteK Bvrt, ft i_J 
f\ x » B«r1. ft l_J 
TbompatoM Hart, ft I I 

«Boortte*uL.jU. ftl—l fiff. 668. 
Skinners «rc«r<icAtoPgnt. 
OHmt VuiMiCi 



LtythrdcecB, ftO 



flOlclCUl* Lfnlr <tf OMo. ft | fig. 669. 

JVmm^a taiUifMa H. B. et Kunth. 
I^iMrwR JUvHm Hpreng. 

MjriniUU JiOTf. Ami/, ft _J 

I^ntm ap^almm Sprang. 
UBHriAlto Hort. ft _J 

ff. MHcifMia Mr. 

^jphlUtica l>rc. ft I 

laiaftO 
todlckL. ftO fig. 670. 
pwvlf Mta Rarb. ft O 

JlMB6.ftO 



945 

- 945 



945 



TamaricdcecB. 



. 946 



L TA'MARIX Desv. ft - 946, 947 

Thb Tamarisk. 

I%e tpedei qfTAmarix qf authors that 

kawe 4 stametu and 6 stamiiu. 
TamariSt Fr. 
TamarMei^, Gar. 

1. ^ILicaZ/. ft France - fig. 671. 947 
ne French Tunaritk. 

T. narbonimis Lob. 
Ttt»naHum» KdUteut h\\. 
Tamariseut pemtdmdrut Lam. 

FamftM ft - . 948 

1 itibdUs Ekrenben ft 

5 PtT»M>p^**« £Ar*. ft 
8 iiU6tica Ekrh. ft 

4 arbteea 5ir6. ft 
ft nMnnlfeim Ehrk. ft 

6 heteropbf Ua Ekrh. ft 

7 UbaD6tica Lodil. ft 

Th* RoHOMiY^lka Taaunfak. 

App. i. Other harify Specie* or Varieties of 
Tdtnarix. ft . . 94K 

T.MrtadnFtf.ft 
T.gettiemHaiA. 

r.uniniM.ft 

r. d4i«iM LmL ft 
r. grftdut iriiu. ft 
r. hteUa iruu. ft 

y.jimifci^nMr Pall. 
T.WWMMr./»WUld. 
Ta MMtnitM Sniltn. 
T. mmi^ttma Dnv. 



Pm* 



r. nimoriirinMi Ltd, ft 
T. cdtfiM Uenn. 

r. PallMi Dmr. tt 

T. pnUdndra Pall. 
T. /r<<W«i Bi«b. 
T. jMiviciiIitfa Star. 

T. ni|n««if(hinU Larf. dl 
r. parriflftra Dtc. '^ 
T. lctr4|Qma tUinrnt. ft 
r. •fTAaa JBAnnk ft 



App. ii. Half-hardy Sorts of T&marix, 949 



T. afirictoa Po<r. 

T. gMlica var. y Willd. 
T. nnariiinia H'i/M. 
r. pycDoc4rpa Dtc. 
T. paatcrinOtdcB XM. 

Mr. 1 dlvarlclua Bkrk. 
t Hamin6nw Khrh. 
3 macrocArpa £Ar*. 
Other Species or Sorta. 



II. MYRICA'RIA Desv. ft 946. 949 
Thb Myricaria. 

The species qf Tdmarix qf authors that 
have monadelphous stamens. 

1. KentiknictL Detv. ft Europe f. 672. 949 
The German Myricaria, or German Tamarisk. 
Tdmarix germdnica L. 
Tamariscu* germdnicus Lob. 
Tamariscus decdndrus I-am. 
Tdmarix decdndra Mcrach. 
Tamaris d'AUcma^ne^ Fr. 
Deutschen Tamartsken, Ger. 



2. dahurica Dec, ft Siberia 
The Dahurian Myricaria. 

Tdmarix dahurica Willd. 



- 949 



App. i. Other Sorts of Myriedria not yet 
introduced. - - 950 

M. iquanidsa Desv. 

? M. dahurica var. 
M. lonjrifblia Dec. 

Tdmarix germdnica Pall. 

Tdmarix decdndra Pali. 

Tdmarix longifdlia WUld. 

M. UneariJdRa Desv. 
M. berbiU:ea De^. 

Tdmarix germdnica subherbdcea Pall. 
M. bractcAta RMfle. 
M. ^legana Royk. 



PhiladelphdcecB. 



Jt 950 



I. PHILADE'LPHUS L. ft - 950,951 

Thb Pbilaoblphus, or Mock Orange. 
Srrfnga Toum.^ nott^L. 
Philadelphus, Fr. 
Pfeifenstraueh (Pipe Shrub), Ger. 
Pipe Privet, Gerard. 
The Syriftga of the gardens. 

§ i. Stems stiff and straight Fhwers in 

Racemes, - - 951 

1. coronkrius L, ft South Europe 

fig. 673. 951 



The garland Philadelphus. 

Syrtnga suavMens Mcencb. 

Varieties ft 

1 ▼ulgjbris Sehhuhr. ft 

2 ninuB MilL ft 

S flore pldno Lodd, ft 
4 ▼•Hefi^tu^ Lodd ft 



. 951 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxi 



2. (c.)ino<i6ru8Zr. A Carolina f. 674. 953 

Tbe acmiiteu-/lowertd Philadelphiu. 
Syrlnga inoddra Moench. 
P. Idnu in numy Engllfh gardent. 

3. (c.) Ze/heri Schrad. m N. Amer. 952 

ZtfbieT*» Fhiladelpbiu. 

4. verrucosus Schrad, m North America 

f. 675. 952 
The waited PhlUdelphoi . 
P. grandifidnu Undl. 

5. (y.) latifolius Schrad. A N. America 

fig. 676. 953 
The broad-leaved PhOadelphiu. 
P. ptMicem Celt. 

6. (v. ) floribiindus Schrad. A N. Amer. 953 
The abundant-flowered Phlladelphiu. 

5 ii. Stems more slender, rambling, twiggy, 
and loose. Flowers soliiary, or 2 or S 
togtther. - ... 954 

7. laxus Schrad. * N. Amer. f. 677. 954 

The XoKMe-grawing PhDadelphus. 
P. l£miU$ Rort. 
F.pmbAcens Lodd. 

8. (1.) grandiflorus Wilid. m N. Amer. 954 

The large>flowered Philadelphoi. 
P. moddrut Hort. 
P. IdfiuLodd. 

9. hirsutus^uZ/.A North America. 

f. 678, 678a. 954 
The hairy-Z^verf Fhiladelpbiu. 

P. mUdnu and P. gridUs Lodd. 



10. tomentosus Wall. A Nepal 

The wooVLy-leaved Phlladelphui. 
P. nepaUnsi* Lodd. 
? P. trifiorus Royle. 



- 955 



II. DECUMA^RIA L. a -J -* 950. 955 

The DscuMARiA. 

ForsftkiM WaU.y noi qf Vchl. 

1. barbara L. Jn Carolina f. 679, 680. 955 

The barbarous Deconarla. 
D. radxan* Moench. 
D. PorsfMM Mtehe. 
D. prostrdta Lodd. 

Variety Jk - - - 955 

2 sarmentdaa Dee, Jk 
D. MamtaUosa Bote. 
PorsftkiM. $c&nden$ Walt. 

App. I. Half 'hardy Kgneous Plants of the 
Order VhHadelphdcetB. - 956 

Deutzia scabra Thunb. A— J f. 681. 950. 
D. corymbdsa R. Br, 

Vkiladllphns oorymbdsus WaU. 

WaU. 
Wall. 



Br. A |_ 



C. RiiclU* Jl. Br. 

C. qnadiUida R. Br. 

C. cUv4U Cttnnimt^. ik \\ 
MdaJcftca KpiAniea LoMlirA lJ 
M. UDMurlfblU Sm. A i) 

MttrvaUirm h^uofljtMa Cmw. 
M. polcfa^A «. Br. ^ (1J 
U. AjrpcriafbU* Sm. A t.J 
M. M|«arr6«a Sm, A t | 
Endamia ttczagboa A. Br. { i_J 



Pai. 

• 967 

• M7 
. 967 

• 957 
flf.685. 957 

- 957 

flf.e87. 957 

• 957 
fl«.686. 95« 



Sect. II. EuLKFTOSrK'KMSJB. f lJ Al_l 958 

Enod^pnu iwinifera Sm. ± l_J 
Tht Iron Bark Trtt. 
K.r6b(utMStn. f i_J 
Tht SMmify Bar* Trt*. 
B. TimlnAlU LabUI. f, L_J 
E. «myi|d4Uiia LabUt. 2 l-J 
B. fripcrtta Sm. ^ |_J 
Tl« WW Gvm TVm. 
E. covdAU LoNir. j[ |_| 
B. polvcroUnta Stsw. T >— i 
E. tvrditu HortrBcrol. 

B. dhrcnlfbUa Awp/. { l^ 

E. eommUa Dnm. 

E. nIverMu Hort. Bool. 

B. MtraphjfUa 8wt. 

E. amf(iutifiUim Hon. 
Srfcral other Hpecis of Eucal)ptai 
Angdphon cordifblia Cav. A t_J 

Ifrfna ri danw kUpidu$ Snq. 
A. lanceolikta Cap. A i I 
TMt A^ Trttdttirm lldlaBd. 

Jt^nwjrf^rof ift^ndem Gsrtn. 
CaillMimon «alignu« Ore. A i_J 

MttrotUkrvt uUtgntu Sm. 

C. lanccolAtu* Okc. A | I 

MHrotidinf latuxMhu 8ra. 

M0lrMid*ro» ciirlma Bot. Mas. 
MctTwidteoacariaUus Vmi. A i_J 
Tba Co ri«-UMiT>d Iron Wood. 

LcptospArmain Krandifolhim An. A 

L. la&ipmm ^K. A i | 

VkOadelfkmt ImUgerui Alt. 



.688,689.091. 9SS 

. pi. 188. 969 

flff.69«.693. 959 

fig. 694, 695. 959 

ex. 696, 697. 959 

• flf.698. 959 

• fic-697. 959 

. 959 



- 959 

flf.699. 960 

- flf. 70>. 960 



- 960 
flf 700. 960 



D. HanriiM* A. Br. 
mtaMpkuM 
WaU. 



BIII6tM marRinitu A. Br. A {I 

LafkMf^rmHm mav Kinal mm I<abiU. 

B. flezutea D. Don. A L_J 

Pabrf da wtjrtiXhWMOmrin. A i^ 

P. MifcU /.odtf. A lJ . 

Hmfckia Tirg&ta Andr. A |_J 

Uftoap4rmmm virfMmn Ponk. 
MttaUnen vtrgtUtt. ftl. 



4K.705. 961 

flf. 701. 961 

• 961 

- 961 

• 96t 
flf. 708. 961 

- 96t 

flf. 704. 961 



Sect. III. Afr'BTSJB. li_l AlJ 



Mdhim CattlcydmM* Sabina. t |_J 
CatUtT't Oiiara. 

P. eorUutnm Manh. 

P. cMMtawLodd. 

Afyrtus communis L. a 
The common Myrtle. 

Varieties A l. 



961 

flf. 706. 961 

- 961 

- 96S 



S t. Mekmoedrpa Dec. Ai_J . 

1 ronrilna Dec. A ij 
The oomnMia bnmd-ltmti, or Ronum, M yitl*. 



Tha Tanntiiin, or 

3 iUlka Mm. Did. 



t.iinim. 



Mjmla. 



S tarentlna Mill. Jc. A'l I 
•Bo»-immlt 
_ !ci. I 
The Italian, or ufrigkl, 
Abst^tlcai MilLDict. 
K ?"•»« Andalurianj^. Ormg il Zm d , ICyitlaw 
5 luitt&nica L.r' 

Tba Portoffa] Mj 

M. ohkla MUl. Diet. 

? The Nntmaf Mjnila A i ^ 



iyrtbr 



Myrtdce€B, f i_J "i 

Sect. I. Mbijilsu^ce.s. 1 

TrfataateaarttOHa A. Ar. A |_J 
I nrrUfhUn HhtWi 
I iWMjfMla Bet. Rap. 
kA. Ar. AlJ 



I vflltn A. Ar. A l^ 



»l-J 956 

lJ - 956 

flit. 68S. 956 

llff.6S8. 967 
Of. 634. 957 



6 b^lgica Mai. Diet. A rj" 
rk« braad-lcaTvd Dmiek M^rK. 

Smbvar. Tb» doubleilowerad M jnl«. 



7 mucronita L. mt I 
The Aceciayy, or Tk ^ mtt Immd Uyttim. 



^ 11. Leucocdrpa Dec. 

.■odirpa Dm. i 
The wltite-bentod If] 



6 leucoc&rpa Dee. A il 
"" "MjitCr 



>lJ- 96S 



4 lU. Garden Farirties, Ai_J . 9C8 
1. Gold-itrlped hroad-leaTed Myrtle 



Ixxii 



CONTENTS. 



8. Broad-leaved Jew's Myrtto m ij 
8. Oold-ttriped Orange-lMved MVrtle 

4. Silver-striped Italian Mirrtle A |_J 
ft. Striped-leaTed Myrtle m |l 

6. SiWer-striped RoeemaiTleaTed 

Myrtle m i| 

7. Sllver-itrip^ Nutmeg Myrtle 

8. Cock*t-€Oinb, or Blrd*s-iMit Myrtle 

9. Spotted-toaved Bfyrtte ft i_J 



M. tomnttea Ak.^y I 

M. cMMbcMU Lov. 

jr. MnutAUa An. A l_J • 

Sect. IV. Chamjblaucis^jb. m 

Omamiatudnm dlUtnm Dttf. A lJ 
C41yt)alx gl4bn A. 0r. A l_l 
C.mUaMmCmfuUngk.My | 


fl(. 707. 

l_J - 
<lg.708. 

Jl-J 

flg.700. 
4K. 710. 


964 
964 

964 

964 
964 
964 

964 


Passi/lordcetB. 11 C3 

VmtaiMemrhlmL, 1 

«Mr. 8 asifusdf6U* Hort. ft 

4 ColvilW 8vt. ± 

5 nconfrM Horl. _L 

P. hieafiiAta L. ft _J 
TiMflMb-ooloiiradGraMdillA, orMai/Afph. 

P. flUaftUa L.1CD 

Th* limt-traeJMvvd PMikB Flower. 


964 

964 

965 
965 



CtKtdcecB, 



Other Specirs or Farieties. - 965 

flg.71l. 965 
ptanatisdrala ^MM. .ft .J * 96^ 



OWmaMfldlMittfikUa Ow. ft I 



Pma^lbn 



CrassuldceiB. ^ ^lJ 

5Mum populUbllum I,, a. 
TlM Pc^ar4eaTed Sedum, or Stomeerop. 
Knacdmpseroi poptUiJhlia Haw. 

mm arbdrmun L. ft l_J 
HooMlMk. 



965 
- 965 

fl(.71V. 965 



Mesembrydc&B. ■» 

ibryiatfiMniim L. 



966 
- 966 



Nitraridce^B Lindl. • -■ 
I. NITRA'RIA L.mM 

Tub Nitba^ia. 

1. Sch^beri L. ft Russia - 

Schober's Mltraria. 

Vdrieiiei ft • 

1 ubSrics ft fig. 713. 

N. sibtrica Pall. 

2 cispiea ft fig. 7 1 4. 

N. cdtpica PaU. 

2. trideotaU DtMf. m Barbary 

idiMMtf Nllmruu 

I ttHttMM ronk. 



- 966 

- 966 

- 966 



- 967 



OpftBtU wlgkrlt MUl.JL 



CdetuiOp^mtlaL. 



Page 

967 

- 967 



CrrosstddcecB Dec. * -* 967 

I. RrSES L. ft -* - - 967, 968 
Tbb RiBBa. 

GrosstUdria Toum. 

ChryMobdhrffa^ CaUAdtrya^ Core^smta, 

and Rftbes, Spetck, 
GroseUier, Fr. 
Johannigbieere^ Ger. 
Krttisbes, Dutch. 
1^90 Sama^ Itid. 
GroseUa, Span. 

§ L GroBsuldriw A eh. Rich, ft - 968 
A. Flotpen greenitk white. 

1. oxyacanthoidesZr.ft Canadaf.715. 968 

The HAWthorU'leated Gooseberry. 

2. setdsum Lindl, ft N. Am. f.716. 969 
The bristly Gooseberry. 

3. triflorum W. ft North America 

%717. 969 

The three-flowered Gooseberry. 
R. stamineum Horn. 

4. (t.) niveum LinM, ft North America 

fig. 718. 969 
The mowy-Jlowered Cmmmt-Uke Gooseberry. 

5. (t.)Cyn68batiL.ft Canada f. 7 19. 970 

The Dog- Bramble Goosdtany. 
R. ? triflorum mar. 

6. (t.)divaricatum2>ou^/.ft N.America 

fig. 720. 970 
The spreading-ftraiicAttl Gooseberry. 
R. ? trifldirum var. 
R. ? GroistUdria var. tr(/Ura mbftar. 

7. (t.) inriguum Doug/, ft North America 

fig. 721. 971 
The well-watered Gooseberry. 
R. ? triflormn var. 

8. hirt^llum Michx, ft N. America 971 
The slightly hairy-^roiidM Gooseberry. 

9. flT&cile Michx, ft North America 971 

The slender-ftroiMAeil Gooseberry. 

10. acicul^ SvtUh ft Siberia - - 971 

The adcular-i^iraei Goosebeny. 
R. ITita-crUpa Sierers. 

II. Grossul^a L. ft Europe • 972 

The commoH Gooseberry. 

R. IPva-eritpa (Ed. Fl. Dan. 

GrouutdriahtrriUa Mill. 

R. ITvO'CrUnm var. ft eatHvm Dae. 

Feaberrw, Cheshire and the N. ofRngiand. 

Feabes, Norfolk. 

Grozert, hi Scotland. 

Oroteitter d Maq me rtmm, Fr. 

Orwdle, In PiedbnooC 

O e m e ine SladkeAeere, Ger. 

Uvm ^^ima, Ital. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxiii 



Vanities A - - - 972 

2 U^a-cnspa Snu A 

R. lPva-eri$pa L. 

ITva-critpa Vuch. 

CTva-jpiiM Math. 

R. ITva-crUpa var. 1 syMstrit 
Berlandier. 
S spioosissiina Bed, MSS, A 

4 reclinata BerL MSS, A 

R. reeUnatvm L.. 
GrotttUdria recUndta Mill. 

5 Bessenana Berl. MSS. A 

R. k^hridttm Besser. 
S subinermis Berl. MSS. A 
? R. G. reelmdta aubvar. 

7 macroc^trpa Dec. A 

8 bracteato BerL MSS. A 
OtMrr VaHeUe*. A 

The Red Champagne. A 
Horseman's Green Gage. A 
The Red Rose. A 

«. fiyrft or GooeeberHes belonging to this Divin'on not 
pet mtrodttoed. ^^ 

DnwLMSS* 
iB - 
Mi 



974 



B.eH 



a. 

a. 

a. 

a. iMBllinim J5l«a*. «r Am. 

B. Flowertred. 

12. speciosum P«r«A. A California 

fig. 722. 974 

Tlie itio^-ftovered Gooseberry. 
R. $tamineHm Sm. 
R./i*dksiolde8 F/. Afrx. 
R. triacdnthum Menzies. 

a. Sortt qf Gooseberries not vet introduced *^'oȴ: 
ing to this Subsection. - - 975 

I. V«BCintf Ponh. 

B.i^'nr Sob. ^ 

a. ■riefOj^bjnhun B.B.ti Kmdk. 

5 iL Botryedrpttm Dec. A - 975 

13. orientMe Poir. A Syria - - 975 

The Eaftern CurrtuU-Uke Gooteberry. 

14. aaxitile PaU. A Dahuria - 976 

The roc^ Currant-like Gooteberry. 
? R. alj»num Sievert. 

15. Diacantha L.fU. a fig. 723. 976 

The twixuprUAied Curroftt-like Gooseberry. I 

16. lacustre Pmr. A N. Araer. f. 724. 976 

The Uke-side Currant-like Gooseberry. 
? R. oxffacantkoldes Michx. 
R. ecAindtum Dougl. MS. 

§ uL Ribes'ia Dee. A Jt - 977 

A. Fkfvert greenisA, or greenish yellow^ or reddish ; 
and Fruit, in a wild State, red. • 977 

17. nibrum L. A Europe - - 977 

The common red Currant. 
R. milgdre N. Da. Ham. 
Oroseulerannmon^'Br. 
Oemeine Johannisbeere, Ger. 
Boode Aallessen Boom, Dutch. 

Varietiet A - - - 977 

1 sylv^re Dee. A 

2 bort^nse Dee. A 

R. rkbrum Lois. 



Page 

3 cirneum Berl. MSS. A 

R. rubrum domisticum 2 baccU 
^ cdmeis Wallr. 

4 variegatum Dec. A 

5 ilbum Desf. A 

6 foliis luteo variegfltis Du Hanum 

7 foliis Albo variegitis Du /Tarn. A 

18. (r.) alpinum L. A Europe f. 725. 979 

The alpine red Currant. 

Varieties A - - - 979 

1 sterile fraUr. A 

R. dioicum Mcench. 

2 bacciferum Wallr. A 

3 piimilum Lindl. A f. 726. 

4 foliis variegatis Hort* A 

19. (r.) petraum Wulf. A Carinthia 
^ ^ *^ fig. 727. 979 

The rock red Ciirrant. 
R. alpinum Delarb. 
The tPooUy-leaved Currant. 
The red Marsh-mallow'leaved Currant. 

20. (r.) spic^tum Robs, A England 

^ fig. 728. 980 

The Bpikd-Jlowered red, or Tree, Currant. 

21. (r.) carpathicum KU. A Carpathian 

Mountains - - - 980 

The Carpathian red Currant. 
R. actlrrimum Rochel. 

22. (r.) raultiflorum Kit. A Croatia 

^ ^ fig, 729. 980 

The many-flowered red Currant. 
R. spicdtum Scbultes. 

23. Cr.) proc6mben8 Pall. -* Siberia 

^ fig. 730. 981 

The procurobent red Currant. 
R. polycdrpon Gmel. 

24. (r.) prostratum L. -* North America 

fig. 731. 981 

The prostrate red Currant. 
R. glandulAsum Ait. 

Variety -* - - - 981 

2 laxiflorum Jc 

R. qffl'TU Dougl. MSS. 
R. laxiflorum Pursh. 

25. (r.) resinosum Pursh, A N. America 

fig. 732. 981 

The resinous red Currant. 

26. (r.) trifidum Michx. Ji N. Amer. 981 

The tri&d-calyjced red Currant. 

27. (r.) albinervum Michx. A Canada 982 
The white-nenred-itoverf red Currant. 

28. rtgens Michx. A Canada - 982 

The ititt-racemed red Currant. 

29. punctatum R.et P. A Chili f.733. 982 
The dotted ^flwd red Currant. 

30. (p.)glandul6sum/?.<'<P.A Chili 982 

'llie clanduJar-ca/yjr<-rf red Currant. 

b 



Ixxiv 



CONTENTS. 



Pun 

a. Speeiet or Varirtiet qf Rlbes hebmgtng to the SttB. 

dipiiion Kqftke SectuM Ribdsia, which are not 

^et introduced. . .983 

JkfiriKnm Pail. 
M. hctcrtfnicbani JWryrr. 
Jt. tnactebtiun Dougt. 
M. tobillteum Mftfr. 
Jl. talml6«un BsOueMtM 
M. macntbotiTa R. H P. 
H. albiflteam R.HP. 
R. cUiUnm WUU. 

ILJoniUAue H. B. ec Kwith. 
K. hirtum Tkmnh. tt Bompl. 

H.frMJum II. B. et Kanth. 
M. campanaTiUim Tkmni. tt Bumpl. 

K. afTtme H. B. at Kiinth. 
Jl. Kfinthfi Bert. 

A. wuMiffiirum H . B. ec Kiinth. not of Kit. 
A. ToMrrr D. Don. 
A. aeuniin4tuin IFo//. 

A. Tlllteuin trail. 

B. Fbwert greenish peUow^ $ometime$ with the Tips 

qf the SepaU and Petals red. FrmU Blade. 963 

31. nigrum L. a Europe fig. 734. 983 

The black Currant. 
R. dUdutn Moench 
Capis Poivrier, Fr. 
Sckwartze Johammsbeere, Get. 

Farietiea A . - - 984 

2 bficca fldvtda (?ard: Ma^. A 

3 b&cca viride Aor/. * 

4 foliis variegatis Filmorin, A 
Garden Farietiei, 

32. (n.) trfste Pa//. * Siberia 985 

The iad.oo/o«rnf, or dark-blossomed^ Mack 
Currant. 
K. altdictan Lodd. 

33. (n.) fl6riduin UHerit. m N. America 

fig. 735. 985 
The flowery black Currant. 
R. nigrum 3 L. 
H. pennsyUfdnicum Lam. 
R. recuntdtum Michx. 
RIbdilum n\gmmt ^c. Dill. 

Varieties A - - 986 

5 grandiflorum Hort A 
S parviflorum Hort. A 



34. (n.) inebrians Lindl, 



N. America 

fig. 736. 986 
The Intoxicating black Currant. 

35. cereum Dottgl, A N. W. America 

fig. 737. 986 
The msasjJeoffed black Currant. 

36. Tiscosissimum Pursh, A N. America 

fig. 738. 987 

The Terf clammy black Currant. 
Otredsma vtscosissima Spach. 

37. hudsonidnum Richardton, A North 

America - . - • 987 

The Hudion's Auf black Currant 
R. petioldre Dougl. 

38. daciale Wal/, A Nepal - - 987 

The ley black Currant. 

a. Specks or Farietirs of Rlbei belonging to the Di- 
9ision Bcfthe Section Ribdnia, which have not 
fftf been introduced . 987 

A. BiMiCRMfllft Bcfl. 

H. OflMvvtnfiit Bitli. 
▼hrnmini A. ef P. 



. C. Flowers deep red. Fruit black. 

39. sangufneum Pursh, A N. America 

fig. 739. 988 
The bloody, or red-flowered^ Currant. 
R. malvdceum Sm. 
Calobdtrya sangulnea Spach. 

Farieties A . . - 988 

2 glutinosum Benth. A f. 740. 

R. angtistum Dougl. MSS. 

3 malvaceum Benth. A f. 741. 

4 dtro-rjibens Hort A 

a. Species or Varieties qf Rlbet belonging to the DtVi- 
sion C qf the Section Rlbdiia, wnich have not uet 
been introduced. - - . 9S9 

40. atro-purpiireum Meyer. A Siberia 989 

Tht dark putptet/fonwrfrf Currant. 



Varieties A 
I Flowen deep purple, kc. A 
S Leaves rather pubetcent, &c. 
8 Flowen paler, ftc. A 



- 989 



§ iv. Symphocalyx Dec. A - 989 

41. a^reum Purih. A N. Am. f. 742. 989 

The mlAen-flowered Currant. 
R. palmdta Desf. 
Chrysobdtrya retolida Spach. 

Varieties A - . . 989 

1 prffiN^ox Lindl. A 

2 viUosum Dec. A 

R. long(/Urum Fraser*i Cat. 

3 serotinum LindU A f. 743. 

42. (a.) tenuiflonmi LindL a N. Amor. 

fig. 744. 990 
The ilender-flowered Currant. 
R. aArenm Colla. 
Vi.fidmtm Berl. 
R. missoun'huis Hort. 
Chrysobotrya LtndleyhxuL Spach. 

Varieties A - . . 990 

1 fr(ictu nigro A 

2 friitu likteo A 



- 990 



43. (a.) flavum Coll. A 

The yollow-./l(nprrrtf Currant 

R. a^reum 3 sanguineum Lindl. 
R. palmdtum Desf. 
R. aureum Ker, but not of Pursh. 
Ckrysobitrya inlermidia Spach. 

A pp. i. A Classijicaiion of the Species and 
Varieties of Ribes in the Horticultural So- 
ciety's Garden in 1836. - - 990 



lJ 992 
- 992 



Escallonmcese, a 
1. /'TEA i. A . 

The Its a. 

Cedrila Lour. 
Dicondngia Michx. 

1. virginica L, a N. Amer. f. 745. 992 

The Virginian Itea. 



II. ESCALLO N/i< Mutis. 

Tbb Eacallonia. 

Stere6jryton R. ot P. 



- 993 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxv 



L rubra Pen. tt ^ 

Varieties tt 



- fig. 746. 993 

I - - 993 

1 slabrilUcuU Hook, rt Am. A f 

1 albUl&rm Hook, rt Am. m ^ 
K.rin^idkm Bat. Cab. 

3 pubMcens Hook, rt Am. A |^ 
L immterid^nsis Dec, « _l fig. 747. 993 

E. JloribumUi var.B momtevWmis Schlecbt. 
£. bi/Ua Link eC Otto. 

E. floribiinda i/. JB. et Kunth, m ^ 994 
L reanosa Pert. « -J - - . 994 

SlerrAx^iam retitn^nam R. et P. 

L polverulenta Pert, a _J . . 994 
Sirrvtfsytoii pmbtemUnium R. et P. 



Saxijrdgecs. • •uJ *_J 294 

Tribe Htd&a'kgkjb. A A lJ A I 

L HYDRA'NGEA L. » ai-J A-J 994 

Tbs Htokakoka. 

HjfdrAmea and HorthuAai Jtu$. 

1. arbor^scens L, * North America 

fig. 748. 994 
The arboresorat Hydrangea. 

Farietiea A . . - 995 

1 Tulgaris Ser. * 

H. tmJgdris Micbx. and ? Purth. 
H. arboriseen* Cart. 
H.fruUtcena Mcsnch. 

2 dSscofor Ser, A 

2. (a.) cordata Pursh, fk North America 

fig. 749. 995 
The cordat/e4ea9ed Hydrangea. 

1 olvea Mkhx, A North America 

fig. 750. 995 

Tbe waomj.teeufed Hydrangea. 

H. radiita Walt., not of Sm. 

Variety - - . 995 

2 glabella Ser, 

4. ^ercifolia Bartram, A North America 

fig. 751. 995 
The Oak-leared Hydrangea. 

H. radidta 8m., not of Walt. 

5. heterom4Ila D. Don, A Nepal 996 
The diTcrte-haired-feawil Hydrangea. 

App. i. Half'-kardy Specie* of Hydrangea, 996 

H. nmttfmiit fUrt. A I fig. 758. 
IcrKoM. 



Owidar: 
flm. 
ofmimdm Lam. 

iifllfKiLawT. 



Watt. 



rti 



> ViMnMM IpaMnMmm Thnnb. 



UmbeUdce(B, a Ai^ 
L .BUPLEU^RUM Toum. 



Tbs BcrpLiracM. or Hare't Ear. 

Tendril and Bupr^stit Spreng. 
BdteU Baah. and Mor. 
BupUore, OrtilU de Lihfre, Fr. 
HatenokrMn, Ger. 



997 



997 



Page 

1. fiiitic6sum L, a S. Europe f.753. 997 

The shrubby Bupleurum. 

TendriA/ruticd*a Spreng. 
Buprestis/rttticdsa Spreng. fiCag. 
S^seb' 4etAi6picum Bauh. 
S^seUfrUUx Mor. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of the Genue 

Bupleiirum, - - 998 

B. glbnlUrirum Lam. A i \ 

B. eotidemm L'Hfeit. 

B.oMf«win Vahl. 

B. arhorAcetu Jacq. 

Temiiii* coridcra Spreng. 

B. errfJcO/e Ort. 
B. ^antaitfncum De^f. A I 

T^tmMa ytamtagimea bpnng. 
B. euiAocm Sekotub. A t^ 
B. fkuMbMMM I^ A il 



Araliac€(B, * L - 998 

- 998 



I. ARA LIA L. A 

Tbb Aralia, or Angelica Tree. 
Ardlt'a sp. L. 
Ardlue vine Blum. 



I. spinosa L, A N. America f. 754. 999 

The iplny Aralia. 

Aralie^ Fr. and Ger. 
Spikcnardt M. Amer. 

Other iuffruticoie Species of Ar^ia, - 999* 

II. /f E'DERA iSttwirte. I. - 998, 999 
The Ivy. 

Aridia, sect. Gymndptcrmn Blum. 
H(!^ra and Ardlia sp. L. 
Lierre, Fr. 
Epken^ Uer. 

1. /felix L. A. Europe - - 1000 

The cofmnon Ivy. 

Varieties A. - . 1000 

1 yulgaris Dec, I. f. 755. 

2 canari^nsis Dec. A. 

H. eanariinsis Willd. 
? 3 chrysoc&rpa Z>«c A. 
H. poitica C. Bauh. 
H. chrysocdrpa Dalech. 
H. Dion^stas J. Bauh. . 
a Ha/» Wall. 

Additional VarieUe* im British Gar^ 
dens. 

4 foliis arg^nteis Lodd, i. 
The uilyrr-striped Ivy. 

5 foliis aiireis Lodd. i. 
The ^olden-«/rqMtf Ivy. 

6 digitata LodcL IL 

The palmate, or hand'Shapedt ivy. 

7 arbor^scens LocU. A. 

The arboreacent, or Tree^ Ivy. 



liamameliddce(B, It 



1006 



I. //AMAME^LIS L. 5 A 1006, 1007 
Tub Hamamblix, or Wych Hasel. 
Tritdpiu Mltb. 

1. virgfnica L. IE A North America 

fig. 756, 757. 1007 
The Vii]sinian llamamelis. 

Virginische Z^ubemuss^ Ger. 

h 2 



Ixxvi 



CONTENTS. 



Pag* 

. 1008 



Varietiet 
2 parviflora Nutt, 
S macrophylla. 

H. macroph^Ua Punh. 



App. L Other Speciei, not yet introduced, IQOb 

H. panics Dee. 
H. chin^ncit R. Br. 

II. F0THERGrLLi4 L. • 1007, 1008 

The FOTHBROl'LLA. 

Hamamitis L. 

1. alnifolia L. ± North America 1008 

The Alder-Ieavcd Fothergilla. 
F. Gdrdeni Midu. 
VLaman^tiM monoka L. 



Varieties A - 

1 obti^ Sinu. A f. 759. 

F. nuifor Lodd. 
F. tJnifblia L. fil. 

2 Bciita, Sims, tk 

F. GardevX Jacq. 
S major Sime. * f. 758. 
4 serotina Sim». A 



- 1008 



CormcecB. I 
I. CO'RNUS L. « 

Tub Dogwood. 

ComouiUer^ Fr. 
Uartrtegel, Ger. 



1009 
- 1009 



§ i. Nudifldra Dec. $ A - 1010 

1. altcrnifblia X. a 1^ North America 

fig. 760. 1010 
The altcmate-leaTed Dogwood. 
C. aiiima Marih. 

2. sanguinea L, A North America 

fig. 761. 1010 

The blood-r»f-lrapr<f, or common^ Dogwood. 

Q.fttfmina Rail. 

Virga tanguinta Matth. 

FemtUe G)melt Dogberry Tree^ Hound 
Treet Hound's-berry Tree, Pridnoood^ 
Oaten or Gotten Tree, Oater or OiMer 
Tree, Cateridge Tree, IVild Comet. 

Comow'Uer saupoge, sanguin, or femeOe; 
Pume, or Bot* pmnaiSt Fr. 

Bother uartrtegel^ Ger. 

Sanguineiio, Ital. 

Varieties A - - 1011 

3 PdrahiY Don. A 

C. MNM/NM Punh. 
3 r&lUi varicg^tis A 

C. taHdldi$Hm*Jbl. var. Lodd. 

3. 41ba L, A N. America fig. 762. 1011 

The wMte-fruUed Dogwood. 
C. stotonifera Michx. 
C. taidrica Mill. 

Varieties A . - 1012 

2 circinatum G* Don. A 

C. circinatum Cham. 
Mu^uameena, Meethquan-aee' 

meenattick, and Meeni$an, oi the 

Crec iDdians. 

3 sibirica Lodd, A 



p«ff» 

4. (a.) stHcta Lam. A North America 

fig. 763, 764. 1012 
The tinAs^i'hranched Dogwood. 
C./astigidta Michx. 
C. sanguinea Walt., not of L. 
C. cyanocarpu* Gmel. 
C. canadensis Hort. Par. 
C. aerhlea Meerb., not of Lam. 

Varieties A . -1013 

2 asperifolia Lodd, A 

S sempervlrens Lodd, A 

5. (a.) paniculatai'/irm/. A 5 North 

America - - fig. 765. 1012 

•gwooa. 



The panicled-^Iotrrrf fi^ Dogwc 
C. racemdsa Lam. 
C.fce'mina MiU. 
C. ciirifdtia Hort. Par. 

Varieties A 
2 ilbida Ehrh, A 
S radiata Pursh, A 



- 1013 



6. (a.) seHcea VHerit, A N. America 

fig. 766. 1013 

The silky Dogwood. 

C. lanuginosa Michx. 

C. rf^fta Walt., not of L. 

C. \mbmum Du Rol. 

C. rubigindsa Ehrh. 

C./erru^inea Hort. Par. 

C. candidtuima Mill. 

C. cyanocdrpoi Moench, not of Gmel. 

Varieties A . . - 1013 

2 oblongifolia Dec. A 

C. oblongifdlia Rafln. 

3 asperifolia Dee. A 

C. asperifolia Michx. 

7, (a.) circinata UHerit, I N. America 

fig. 767. 1014 

The roonded-featvtf Dogwood. 
C. tomtntdsa Michx. 
C. rugdsa Lam. 
C. virginidna Hort. Par. 



8. obl6nga Wall, x Nepal 

The MooH'Uavtd Dorwood. 
C. jMiiimUta Hamllt. 



C. maerapbyila If otf . A 
C. tsc4Ua H. 0. tt Kmmlk. 



- 1014 



1014 
1014 



§ ii. /nvo/ttcrdto Deo. ¥ - 1014 

• 1014 

• 1014 



C. dtaeifltea JToc. «# Smw. ^ 
C. c^^Ai^f* Cham. 

CJapdnlcaTAvnA. ¥ 

ViMmmmJapSnUmm 8pmK. 



9. mftsL. 1 Europe pi. 189. f.768. 1014 

The male Dogwood. /A? Comely or Cornelian 
Cherry Tree 

C. mdscula L'H6rit, ftc. 
Long Cherry TVir, Cornelia. 
Comouilier nuile. Comes, ComeiUes, Fr. 
Komel Kirsche Hartriegel^ Ger. 

Varieties It - - - 1015 

2 fr6ctu c^rac coloris N. Du Ham. S 

3 yariegitua t 

10. fl6rida L, t N. America f. 769. 1017 

The Florida Dogwood. 
Virginian Dogwood. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxvii 



IL BENTHA'M/^ Lindl. 5 1009. 1019 

Ths Bemtslamia. 

C^rma jp. Wall., Dec., ind G. Don. 

1. fragffera lAndL "t Nepal f. 770. 1019 

I tra w b er ry -beariii "^ • 



Tbe S tra w b er ry -bearing Benthamia. 
- U0 WaU. 



Loranthdcecs. ^£ 1020 
L n'SCUMi. 1 Jt . -1021 

T«« MlSTLKTOB. T^ 

Cv^, or Gtw, Fr. 
irt«tf, or Missely Ger. 
r/MO, or rucAfd. lUl. 
Legawiodoga^ Span. 

1. ilbom i. 1 * Europe f.771, 772. 1021 

Tbe whUue^rmitedL, or common. Mistletoe. 
App. L Other Species of Yitcum. 1025 



Dte. 



MaaU. 



. 1026 



IL AVCUBA Thunb. 

Tbb Aucoba. 

AAkuba Ktemaf. 
JE«tomSaU»b. 

1. np^nica T^tin^. * Japan - 1026 

EkbMtM dickdtomus Sallsb. 
^poOMUoiMri Laurel, JapamlLaureL 

App. I. LorcMthdeetB not introdueetU 1026 

! i ri i h a i i ■rnnir rn i £. 
TWEaionan 1 oramluM. 

L 

Vi 
I. 
L 
L- 



Pafft 

5 rotundifolia *i. 

6 monstrosa !i. 

S. monstrosa Hort 

7 foliis argenteis It fig. 775. 

8 foliis ICiteis It 

2. canadensis Z/. S North America 

fig. 776. 1030 

The Canadian Elder. 

a. Specia of Samb^cui belonging to tM$ SmbdivMon^ 
not yet introiUued, • - 1090 

9. pdbntfNii Umk. 
a, tuaicknm Preat. 

H. nbalpima Cham, ct Schlfcht. 
8. peniTUkna H. B. et Kmmlk. 

8. aumvioUiu WUld. 

B. Leaves pinnate. Flowers panided. 

3. racemdsa L. a South Europe 

fig. 777. 1031 

The ncemoiK'flotpered Elder. 
S. montuna Cam. 
S. cerv)ni Tabem. 

Variety ik ... 1031 
2 lacinikta Koch. * 

4. (r.) pub^scens Michx, * N. America 

1031 

The downy Elder. 

S. racemdsa Hook, not of L. 
8. pubifscem Lodd. 

Variety A - - - 1031 

2 heUph^lla A 



gpactak 



CaprifoKdcecB. - 1026 

1 ft AuJ • •□ alJ -• J i. i.LJ 

Sect I. Sakkv^km, 

TL Skm mCD alJ 1027 

L 5AMBU^CU8 Toum. It * - 1027 

TmbEldsb. 

Tkiftekma Lour., not of L. 

A. Lemves pinnate. Flowers cymose or corymbose. 
I. nigra X. 2 Europe pi. 190. f.773. 1027 

Tae common , or tiMck-Jruited, Elder. 

Bourtry, oe Bour Tree^ Amtree, Scotch. 

Smreau, Fr. 

HoBander, Ger. 

Sambueo, Ital. 

Sauco, Sabueo, Span. 

Flaeder,Swe± 

ByUe^Oan. 

Varieties It • - 1028 

2 vir6icens Dee. ^ 

8. 9ir4seens Deif. 

3 leucodbpa 1^ 

4 laeiiiiita 2 

The P&rstey'leared Elder. 
8. kieisSuta MUl. 



C. Leases btpinnate. 

Vhjftmwta bipiiuuUa Lcni. 
8. ^ytcumOldc* Dec, 

Phs/tmmm eoehimckimAuit Lonr. 

II. riBU'RNUM L.I A i 



1051 
lOSl 



1027. 1032 
Tub Viburnum. 

(ypulus, yibttmum, and TIum, 

Toum. 
Yiburnum and (ypuius Moench. 

§ i. T\nus Toum. A AI.J - 1032 

1. Tinus L, tk South Europe 

fig. 778. 1032 
The Laurustlnns. 

V. \aurif6rme Lam. 
TifMW Toum. 
Tinttf Xaurifolia Bork. 
The Laurestme, Wild Bate Tree^ Genrd. 
Viome, Laurier, Ttn, Fr. 
Lorbeerartiger SchneebaU, SekwalketS' 
strauch, Ger. 

Varieties A - - . 1082 
2 hlrta Ait. m 

V. TiHus Mill. 

V. Ikcidum Mill. 
S lucida w4i7. A 

4 virgata Ait, §k 

5 strScta Hort. A 

A. Half-hardy Species of ViAun»afm bebmgiag io the 
Section T\nsu. . • lOO 



r. 



raflbtum ^_ 

V. TiKM vmr. Hrittm 
V. afffc^vm Link. 
V. rigiiwH Vent. 



I_I Aff. 779. 
I Alt. 



Ixxviii 



CONTENTS. 



§ ii. \ibumum Toum. t A mC3 
Lentdgo Dec. 



PitK« 

1033 



2. Lent^o i. • S North America 

fig. 780. 1033 

The Lentago, or pUant-brandud, Viburnum. 
Tree Viburnum, Canada Viburnum. 
Viome d Rameaux pendanSt Viome lui- 

santft Yf' 
Bim blatteriger Sckneebatl, Gcr. 
Canaditckc Schwalkenbeer Straucht Sch- 

walken Strguek, Ilayne. 

3. (L.) joninifolium X. • 2 N. America 

pi. 191. 1034 

The Flum-tree-leaTed Vibomuxn. 
V. Lentdgo Du Roi. 

4. (L.) pyrifolium Poir, • N. America 

fig. 781, 782. 1034 
The Fear-tree-leared Viburaum. 



5. (L.) nildum L, 



The xuAied-corpmbed Viburnum. 



North Amenca 
fig. 783. 1034 

ea-anymbed Vibi 
V. ^rijUium Polr, 

Variety A . - . 1035 

2 squam^tum A fig. 784. 
V. squamdtum Willd. 

6. cauindides L, sk North America 1035 

The Cassine-like Viburnum. 
V. jnmcUitum Rafin. 

7. (c.) laevigatum Willd, ft 5 N. America 

1035 

The smooth Viburnum. 

V. ctLM»inb)des Du Rol. 
V. lanceolatum Hill. 
Caulnc pardgua L. 
CaMlne anymbbta Mill. 

8. Lantana L. A 2 Europe f. 785. 1035 

The Wayfaring Tree. 

V. tomentosum Lam. 

Wild Guelder Rote, PUani-branched Meai^ 

Tree. 
Viome coUmnnue, Camara, Viome eom- 

munet Coudre-moiminnet Monciennet 

Fr. 
Seklttuttraueh, Wottiger Sckneebalit and 

Sclitpalkenstrauck, Ger. 

Varieties A It - - 1036 

2 grandifolia Ait, fl It 

V. L. UUifoUa Lodd. 

3 foliis varieg^tis Lodd. A £ 

9. (L.^ lantandldes Michx, A S North 

America - - fiff. 786. 1036 

The LanUna-Uke Viburnum, or Americam Way- 
leiriHg Tree. 

V. Lanidna fi grmul(fblia Ait. - 
V. grandifdlium Sm. 
V. Lanitina fi eanad^iit Ten. 
Hobble Butkt Amer. 

10. (L.) dahiiricum Pail. A Siberia 1037 

The Dahurian Viburnum. 

Lonicerti monetUica Pall. 
Comu* tldUrica Laxm. 

11. (?L.) cotinifolium D,Don, A Nepal 

fig. 787, 788. 1037 
The Cotinus-leavcd Viburnum. 



12. dentkum L, A North Amenca 

fig. 789, 790. 1038 

The toothed-/<rtfi»rd Viburnum. 
V. denttitum lucidum Ait. 
V. dentdtum glabillum Michx. 
Arrow-wood. 

VarieHes A - - - 1038 
pubcscens Lodd. A 
foliis ?ariegatis Lodd, A 
acuminatum Lodd, A 
fongifolium Lodd, A 
montinum Lodd, A 

13. (d.) pub68cens Pursh.m N. America 

1038 

The downy Viburnum. 

V. dentdtum fi pubescent Ait. 

V. dentdtum semi-tomentoium Michx. 

V. foment osum Rafin. 

V. viU6»um Rafin. 

V. Aq/itinr<9tiiinum Sckultes. 



N. America 
1038 



14. (d.) nftidum Ait, A 
The ibisdag-leaved Viburnum. 

A. Hardy Speciet qf \ibAmum belonging to the 

Section \ibumum, not yet introduced. 1U38 

V. ponctXtum Hamitt. 
V. acuminAtiun Watt, 
r. elUptkum Hook. 
V. nerp6tum O. Dom. 
r. conlif 6Uum WaU. 
V. MuUtdut Hunllt. 
V. ■tellktum WaU. 
r. iiiTolncrlUum IVatl. 
V. crteum Tkunb. 

B. Ha^'kardy Species qf VibAmum bekmgittg to the 

Section Viburnum. • 1039 

V, odonttiMlmum Ker. A |_J fig, 791. 
V. alu/tue Zeyh. 
CoflTte monoff^nma Hook, et Am. 

F. vlll&tuiD Stvarlt. A O 
r. moiatfgynum Blum. 

§ iii. (ypubit Tourn. A . 1039 

15. (ypulus L, A Europe fig. 792. 1039 
The Guelder ftoie. 

V. lobdtum Lam. 
O'puhu gtanduldtut Moench. 
(ypulusKaii. 
Sambkcus aqudtica Bauh. 
Marsh Elder, Rose Elder, Water Elder. 
Viome-Obier, FObierdT Europe, Ft. 
Schwalkenbeer Strtmch, U'auerholder, 
Schneebalt, Ger. 

Varieties A . . . 1039 

2 stalls Dee, A 

V. O. rdteum Roem. 

The Snaw-haU Tree, Guelder 

Rou. 
Pellotte de Neige, Boule de Neige, 

Poire moUe,¥T. 
^ Sckneeballe,Gtir. 

3 foliis variegiltis Lodd, A 

16. (O.) accrifolium L, North America 

fig. 793. 1040 
The Maple-leared Guelder Roie. 

17. (0.) orientate PaO, A Asia Minor 1040 

Tlie BaMcm Ouddcr Rote. 

apMfM ortmUtUJhtU mmfliitiim ttiittdH* Toum. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxix 



1». (O.) Oxyc6ccos Pwrsh. » North 
America - . - 1041 

Tlw Ctvt^aerrfrfiruiUd Guelder Boie. 
V. o^wlSkley Miihl. 
V. trilobum Marth. 
V. Ofpuhu americdna Ait. 

Variety a - - - 1041 
2 subintegrifolius Hook. A 

19. ro.") edule Pursh. A North America 
^ ^ 1041 

The edible-JH«tof Guelder Rote. 
V. (ypulu* eduiis Michx. 



ax ( O. ) moUe AAcAjt. 



North America 
1041 



V. 



Gnddcr Rom. 
Manh. 




^ YibufJtmm belonging to ike Section 
O^pnhts, not pet introdmced. 104 1 



Sect. II. LoMicE^EBJS. AmA^ t—i 1041 
IL DIEKVrLLJ Tourn. a 1027. 1042 

Tbs DiEmviiXA. 

LcnicerBip. L. 

lfv£MaPrr«. 

1. canadensis Willd. A North America 

fig. 794, 795. 1042 

The Canadian TNerrilla. 

Louieen DierviUsi L. 

D. Toumt^fiinli Mick*. 

D. kHmibs Yen. 

D. BUea Pursh. 

D. trifUa Moench. 

D. arcadi^ntit Du Ham. 

App. L Species of DiervWa not yet intro- 
duced. - - 1042 



tTlmnb. 
iFtts. 



P«C« 

FrrAr/ymaMcm hortinsi Gem. 
Ctmrifolium Fericipmenum R<£m. et 

Schultes. 
Caarifdliwn syleitieum Lam. 
Caprifoiium KaU. 

ChivrefeniUe de$ Boi$yTT. 
Wildes gemeincs GeissNatt, Ger. 
Gewoone Kamperfoelie, Dutch. 
X<xo Boico, Ital. 
Mad re Sclva, Span. 

Varieties S - - - 1044 

2 ser6tinum ^i7. ^ fig. 797. 
Fericl^menwn gennduicum MUl. 

S b^Igicum Jl 

Vericl^nunum germdniewn MUl. 
Diet. 
4 ^ercifolium yftV. ^ 

2. Caprif61ium L. J Europe f. 798. 1045 

The Goa.Va-\eaS, or pate pcffoiiate, Honeywckle. 
Yericlpmenum per/olidtum Get. 

3. (C.) etrusca SanH. A fig. 799. 1046 

The Etruscan Honeysuckle. 

L. etr^ca Hort. Fl. Austr. ^ ., . .^ 
Caprtfolium etruscum Ronn. et ScimiL 
Pw'c/yi 



IV. LONrCERi4 Desf. m m %, A J -i 

1027. 1042 

Tmi LomcEEA, or Boneysuckle. 

ZxnUeem. ap. L. and many authors. 
CaprMlinm aad Xpl^teum Jv$. 
Xja^eum, Capr^dUum, Ckamacf- 

rasms, and Teridgmentan, Toum. 
Capr^bUmnsnALonieeraRatm. 
Lonicer* and Xffldsteum Torrey. 
CkhrrefntOU.Tr. 
GeiuhCatt^ Honeigblume, Lonicere, 

Get. 

£i. Caprijtaium Dec. J i. i-— J 1043 
Caprifoiium Jusi. and Rcem. 
Lonken Torr., not of SchulL 

A. Flowert ringeni — CaprifbUum Toum. 

1. PericlJ^mcDum L. Jt Europe 1043 

Tbe WoodMne, or common Honegntekle. 
reH Ugmenm n, €ier. 
Teriei 0M tn um germdnfcwn nir. 



CaprtfoUum itdUcum perfoliutum prareoM 
Toum. 

4. impl^xa ^iV. i. Sicily fig. 800. 1046 

The intenwoven, or Afimwca, Honeysuckle. 
Caprifoiium impUxum Roem. et bcnuic. 

Variety %. - - - ^047 

2 balearica Viv. i. 

Caprifoiium baledricum Dum. 
i. baledriea Dec. 
Zr. Caprifoiium Desf. 

5. fl^va 5i»w. -i North America 

fig. 801. 1047 

The yeWovr.nowered Honevsuckle. 
Caprifoiium ft<)vum VAX. 
Caprifdlium Frdscri Punk. 

6. (O pub^scens Swt. 3 North America 
^ ^ *^ fig. 802. 1047 

The pubescent Honeysuckle. 

Caprifdlium pubdsceiu Goldie. 
L. hirfikta Eaton. 
i. GdWii Spreng. 

7 oarviflora Xflw. -^ North America 
^ fig. 803. 604. 1048 

The small-flowered Honeysuckle. 

Capriffilium parvifiorum Funn. 
Jj. dioica L. 
i. mhtia Murr. , 
Caprifdlium bracieotum Mlchx. 
C«»n/&&«m dioicum Rown. et Schult. 
Capri^um glaucum Mcench. 
Gloucota Honeysuckle. 
Chevrt/euille dtoigue, Fr. 
MeergrUnes GeissbOitt, Ger. 
Middelboore Kamperfoelie, Dutch. 

8. (p.) Douglasn' Dec. J N. America 1048 

DouglJw'* HonejMickle. 

Cmfiifblitan Douglirii Undl. 

9. gmta i4i/. i- N. America f. 805. 1048 

The pleasant, or evergreen. Honeysuckle. 
Caprifblium grdtum Pursh. 
L. vireiniuna Marsh. 
? Tertcl^menum americdnum Mill. 



L. microphJWa »««&• 



I0t9 



Ixxx 



CONTENTS. 



Pa(w 
B. Limb qf CotoUa nearlff equal. — Vericlymenum 

Tourn. . - 1049 

10. sempervirens Ait. i. North America 

fig. 806. 1049 
The erergreen Trumpet Honeysuckle. 
Caprifdlium 9empfrv\ren$ M!chx. 
Veria^menum sempervirems Bfill. 
KtaUmui sempervirens Koehl. 
Vericl^menum virginAaeum Rir. 

Varutiei i. - - . 1049 
2 major Ait, i. 

The large Trumpet Honeyiuckle. 
S minor I I 

The small Trumpet Honeysuckle. 
? L. conndto Meerb. 

11. ciliosa Poir. S North America 1050 

The ciUated-^av^rf Honeysuckle. 
Caprifoifum cilidsum Pursh. 
L. ciiidta DIetr. 

12. occidentalis Hook, -i N, Amer. 1050 

The Western Honeysuckle. 

Caprifolium occidentdle Lindl. 
Capri/olium cilidsum Dougl. MSS. 
L. pUtaa wau. .... 1050 

CaprifftitUan vWUitm II. B. ct Kunth. 

§ iL Xylosteum Deo. a jb .i i. 1050 

Xffl6steon Juu. 
Lonicer% Bcem. et Schuit. 
XyldsteoH and ChamteeirasuM Tourn. 
J&Usteum and Islka Adans. 
Cobc^ Neck. 
The Fly Honeysuckle. 
Hackenkirscke, Ger. 
U<mdsbezient Hondskarsen^ Dutch. 

A. Ovaries and Berries altogether distinct. Stems 
scan/dent. Fhwers irregular. — Nintoba Dec. 

1060 

13. confiksa Dec, ^ Japan fig. 808. 1050 
<ThaconfVi8ed Honeysuckle. 

Ninto^a cot^sa Scot. 
LonlcersLJapdnica Andr., not of Tbunb. 
Nintoo, Sintoo, Kaempf. 
CaprifdUumjaptinicum Loud. Hort. Brit. 

14. lonffifl6ra Dec, i^ China - 1051 

Hie long.flowered Honeysuckle. 

Caprifolium longifidrum Sabine. 
Nintoda longiflbra Swt. 
Qaprifdliumjap6nicum D. Don. 
Ce^pnifdUum nepalAue Q. Don. 

15. jap6nica Tkunb, i. Japan 

fig. 809, 810. 1051 
The Janan Honeysuckle. 
VmtobA Japimica Swt. 
L. chinMsis Hort. Kew. 
L,flexu6$a Lodd., not of Tbunb. 
L. glabnita Roxb. 

Caprifdlium ehininse IjoqA. Hort Brit. 
Caprifdliumjlexuosum Hort. 

a. Hardy Species qfLotUcem belonging to the Divi- 
sion Nlnto6a qf the Section J^Usteum, not yet 
HUroduced. - • . losa 

L. cochinchln^ntls Don*s Mill. 

L. XyUsleum Lour. 
L. TelfalrtY Hook, et Am. 

L. Feridymenum Lour. 
L. LachenadlttTWall. 
L. flabraU Wall. 

L. nigra Thunb. 
L. acmnin&ta Wall. 
L. dtverslfblia Wall. 
L. Ogdstrina WaU, 

JM^teum Mgvstrinutn D. Don. 

Xylosteum Sniihca Hamill. 



Pac* 
L. UnceoUU Wall. 
L. can^scens Schousb, 
L. bifldra Desf. 
L. bracte^ta Royle. 
Several other species of Lonf cera. 

B. Berries distinct, or usuaOy connate together at tka 
Base, and diverging at the Tip. Corolla hardly 
Base, or equal. — Ckammcirati 

' loss 



gibbous ai the 
Dec 



16. tatdricaL.A Siberia f. 8 11, 812. 1052 

The Tartarian Honeysudde. 

Xylustetim cordatum Mcench. 
Xyldsteum tartdricum Dum. 

Varietif » - - - 1053 

2 albiflora Dec. A 

L. pyrendica Wllld. 

3 rubriflora Dec, A 

L. grandijidrum Lodd. 
L. siblrica Hort. 

4 liitea Lodd, A 

5 latifolia Lodd, Jl 

17. (t.) nigra L, ft Europe - 1053 

The Wack-j/rttiA'rf Honeysuckle. 
Caprijfblium risrum I^am. 
Chatnaxirasus n)gra Delarb. 

Variety Sk - - - 1C53 

2 campaniBora A fig. 813, 814. 
Xyldsteum campanifldrum Lodd. 

18. (t.) ciliata Miihl. A N. Amer. 1053 

The dilBteA-leaved Honevsucklc. 
Xyldstcum cilidtum^unh. 
L. tatdrica Micbx., not of L. 
L. canadensis Bonn, et SchuU. 



19. pvrenaica L, A Pyrenees 

The Pvrencan HoneysucLle. 

CemrifdUum pyrenoicum Lam. 
Xyidsteum pyremiicum Tourn. 

20. punicea Sims, fl 



- 1054 



North America 
fig. 815. 1054 

The crimion-flowered Honeysuckle. 
Syn^horicdrpos punkxus Swt. 

21. XyMsteum L, A North America 

fie. 816. 1054 
The bony- wooded, or upright. Fly Honeysuckle. 
Caprifdlium dumetdrum Lnn. 
Xyidsteum dumetdrum Morach. 

Varieties A - - - 1055 

2 leucocArpa Dee. A 

3 xanthodirpa Dee. A 

4 melanociipa Dee, A 



22. flexuosa Thunb. A Japan • 

The flmibl»-«*nmnerf Homyiackk. 
L. migrm Thunb., not of L. 
L. btwhjfpoda Dec. 



- 1055 



a. Hardy Species qf Lonicen, belonging to the Divi- 
sion Chanuecvrasi qf the Section Xyidsteum, not 
yet introduced ... ioa5 

L.hkpiAmPmtl. 

C. Berries either distinct or Joined together. Corolla 
very gibbous at the Base. Erect bushy Shrubs. 
_ C^pAafMAtf Dec. - . lOSft 

23. involucrata Banks, ^ North America 

fig. 817, 818, 810. 1055 
The Invohicratcd Iloneyiuckle. 
Xyidsteum invohurtflum RftAi. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxxi 



Ju mki e rM hel om g ptt io the Divi- 

qftkeSecHom XjrloflewM, wMick 

9et uUrodmced. - 1056 



B. B. •! KmlH. 




eacM Pedmnde^ Joined togeAer in 
§mt, wMcft iB hi-mmbilicnle at the Apes, Erect 
ShrmU.^U\}LmAdam$. - 1056 



ts. 

f7. 



H. alpSgeua H. a Europe 

fig. 820, 821. 1056 
IboalpiiM HofpeysocUe. 

Capty htUum AbdiflMN Lam. 
CcarifUimm ah^mum Gsrtn. 
IslLa o^p^ma Borck. 
Isica aicida Moefich. 
X t f t ^ t e mm atpf^genmn Lodd. 
Chnmifn'ranu abt^ena DeUrb. 
Ckerrp tVoodbine, 
BeckaUdncket Ger. 

Farieijf * . - - 1056 

2 abirica Dee, A 
L. tMrica Vest. 

fa.) microphylla }VUld.ASlbenA 1057 

Th0 nuIUIesved HooeTiucUe. 
It. alpfgema Sknrera. 

obloiig;if5lia Hook^ * North America 

fig. 822. 1057 
1%e oMong-leared Hooejrnickle. 

XgUsteum oblongifbUum Ooldie. 

caerulea L, * Eur. f. 823, 824. 1057 

Th« bhia-5irrr£i»l HooefnicUe. 
X. vditdba Muhl. 
JKMtisUom wiUhsum Michx. 
ijflAsttim SoldnH^ Eaion, 
L. weimihma Dec. 
L. aitaica Pall. 

Xffld Ue m m ettriUevm eanad4hue Laxa. 
JUfiteleum canadduse Du Ham. 
GK^rifdUum aeriUeutn Lam. 
CAMHtoctfranu ccvri/lea Delarb. 
X. cwrvNt/Am Pall. 
X. AitttfUXAf. 

28. (c} orientalis Lani, il Asia Minor 

10J8 
Th« OrlenCal Honerradde. 
X. fiwicggfeg rail. 
X. agfiOea Gdld. 
C *—i g i tV r«tM arienldUt loMiifdUa Tourn. 

19. ib^rica Bieh. * . . . 1058 
Tha Georgian Honeywckle. 
IjuMtfAM ibiricum Bieb. 

a. fiar^ Xpeeto qftke Oemms Lot^cen, bdonging to 
the mnMiom lallui qf the Section X^i&teum, 
noi pet iuirodmeed. - 1068 

I. W*lfin WaXL 
L.<niii»iiW«H. 
la ir«ff. 



V. SYMPHORICA'RPOS X«//. a 

1027. 1058 
TkB St. Pma*s Wort. 

Sympkoricdrya Keck. 
ammpkdria Per*. 
InisSnihuM WUld. 
XoMicvra jrp. L. 

L Tulg^riii JficAjr.A N.Am, f.825. 1058 
Tbe cotmnnn St. Peter's Wort. 
Lonicerm Sffnnkoriedrpo* h. 
8. pmni/l^a Det f. 
Jkfmphirim eomgiomerdta Pers. 
a^n^pkdeim giomerdta Panb. 



Variety m ... 1059 
2 foliis Tariegatis A 

5. glomerutajdliii variegdtit Lodd. 

2. racem6sus ilftrAj*. A fig. 826. 1059 
Tbe racemose-yiouvrtti St. Peter's Wort, or 
Snotffberrv. 

Sgmphlma racemhea Porsh. 
X. Uucoc&rpa Hort. 

App. i. Hardy Speciee of Symfhoric&rpo$ 
not yet introduced, - . 1059 

8. ocddcntidU tUekardt. 
WD{fbtrrjf, Amcr. 

VI. LEYCESTER/yl Wall. ••-) 

1027. 1060 

Thb Isycutsbia. 
1. formosa WaU. A uJ Nepal f. 827. 1060 

The beautiful L«ycesteria. 

HamiRA amndta Puerari MSS. 



RubidcecB. - 106 1 

1_| AA Al_I «.lJ LlJ 
I. CEPHALA'NTHUS L. m - 1061 

Thb Button-wood. 

1. occidentMis L. A North America 

fig. 828, 829. 1061 
The Western Button-wood. 
C. oppoitttfiUitu Mocnch. 
Swamp Globe Flower^ Amer. 



Variety A . 
2 bracbypodus Dec. ^ 

Some other Species of Cephaldnthus. 



- 1062 



1062 



App. I. Half-hardy Hgneotu Plania hdomging 
to the Order VLnhiacetB. . 1062 

Pjnckntja piibnu JVtirAx. ^ 



M/ya pub^ctma Pen. 
Ctndhdmi eanliniina Poir. 



ftg. 830. 



SeriiM Cae'tida Commm. *>■ iJ flg. 831 . 

IMmmJapdnieum Thunb. 

hffciumfi/tidmn L. fil. 

l^eUim (mdieum R tS 

DutbdafiucietUiUa Loar. 

BiekMM eoprotmfiidu L'HMu 

D<fm>daM*idm S«l'Mb. 

Sfe m t ae i a frmtitbM Dof. 
PldcMMi pAndula Ait. A ij 

BgriUngiMtmpMm K^. 
PhJIUs StMa L. A 
Aiitho<4i6iauni BtMdpirum !>. A i I 

AmbrAria HtUttri Walsh. 
MUa fraticjtw AU. & |__J 

li./VirficftM ramadAuu Teix. 
Boav<rdi« Jarquinf J7. B. ^ Xmi/A. A |_J 

B. Mftt^ Hart. 

iroiMra*tUi oitnfitM Bot. Rep. 

MaD«uta|rlAfrraCbam.ctSchiwht.L |_J 
jr. eardiptUa Mart. 



Lobeh'ace^e. 



1063 



fViM talicifblfa G. Don. A |. 
X^MU Ti^pa Alt. 
LobUxh gifmihi fOmt, 
LobUU •aticifUia 8wt. 
LoMltoaiMraaJtM-ti. ? tL ( 
L. nipArba Otamt. tL t_J 



CampanuWciM. 



1063 



C«m|«4iMil« tf lirva L. 



Ixxxii 



CONTENTS. 



CamposiicB, - loes 

I. STiEHELrN.1 Lessing. a a-J 

1063. 1064 

The Stahelina. 

Stitkelme, Fr. and Ger. 

I. dubia L, • S. Europe fig. 832. 1064 

The doabtrul, or Rosfmary-leaved^ Sbehellna. 
S. To*marin(fbUa Cut. 

A pp. i. Half-hardy Spedea of StaheHnai, 1065 

Staehcnna wrbonftcenB L. A I 
S. CbamKiwtioe I>. A * 

IF. ^A'CCHARIS i?. -Br. ft a-J 

1063. 1065 
»^ Tub Bacciiaris, or Plougkmaii't Spikenard. 
Bacchante, Fr. 
Bacckaris, Ger. 

1. Aalimifolia L. ft N. Am. f 833. 1065 

The Sea- Purslane-leaved Baccharl*, or the 
Groundsel Tree. 

Senea'o arboriscens Hort. Kew. 

2. angiistifoiia Pumh, ft N. Amer. 1065 
The narrow-leaved Baccharis, or Ploitgkman*s 

Spikenard. 

A.RfawMntlfl6nJrj<A. ft • 106fi 

0. Dkmdrldb W. ft ^ • • • 1066 

III. rVA L. ft . - 1064. 1066 

The Iva. 

1. frutescens L, ft N. Amer. f. 834. 1066 

The thnibby Iva. 

hg^ato t^fTnisperuvidnafirut^ceni Ptuk. 
Bastard Jctuit't Bark Tree. 

IV. SANTOLFNA X. «. 1064. 1066 

Tub Santolina, or Lavender Cotton. 
Santoline, Fr. 
UeiUgenpflanxe, Ger. 

1. Chamaecyparissus L. «. France 

fig. 835. 1067 

The I>warf Cypreu Santc^ina, or com$non La- 
vender Cotton. 

2. (C.) squarrosa fV, n. Europe 1067 
The iquarrose {? leaved) Santolina. 

Kbr^tanumJoe'minafAliis Erlov Moris. 

3. viridis W, n. Europe ^^2. - 1067 
The green Santolina. 

4. rosmarinifblia L. CL Spain f. 836. 1067 

The Rosemary-leaved Santolina. 

V. i4RTEMrS/i4 Cass. • • U 

1064. 1068 
The Artbmisia. 

I. ilbr6tanum L. ft Europe fig. 837. 1068 

The Abrotanum Artemisia, or Southernwood. 
hbr6tanua m6» Dod. 
Old Man. 
Armoise Aurone, Aurone de$ Jardins, la 

Citronelle, la Garderobe^ Fr. 
Eberrante, fVcrmuih, SUUrwurtXt Oarten- 

wurtXy Ger. 
Abrotano, Ital., Span., and Port. 

Varieties ft - - . 1068 

2 humile Hort. ft 



3 tobolskiflnum Hort, i 
A. toboUkidua Lodd.' 



Fv 



2. iS'ant6nica L, n. Asia fig. 838. 1068 

The Santonica Artemisia, Tartariam B$wtterm 
Ufoodt or Womueed. 

ArtemislAjruticdw, ^, Gmel. 

3. arborcscens L. ft Levant - 10S9 

The arborescent Artemisia, or Tree Werwt- 
wood. 

Abeinlhium arboriscent Lob. 
Absintet Armoiee en Arbre, Fr. 

App. i. Other hardy S^iee of ArtemiiiM.lO$9 

A. ptodn ft 

App. ii. Half-hardy Speciee of ArtenUnM. 1069 

A. wrgtetcA Ait. ft L_J fig. 831. 

VI. jreUCHRY^SUM Leumg. wl 

1064. 1070 

Thb Helichrysum, or Everlaetmg Fhwer. 
Part qf GnaphuUmm L. 

1. i^tce^chas D. 2>(m. «. Europe - 1670 

The Steechas Helichrysum, or eowumo m ^ a r wW f 
Everlasting Flower. 

Gnaphtilium Stee^'ckat L. 
Stoechas cUrina Dod. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of HeUchrftwn, 

1070 

a. fribticaai D. Dom. tL t^ Hg. MO. 

AHOwtafrUieama hal. tUeg. 

iimafhhliumJirvtUamM L. 

isnaflMiumgr^mi^kiirum Bot. Rep. 
H. congtfMom O. Don. B. L-J fl«. 941. 

H» apicuUtain Lodd. -* 

H. craaikif&nuin Lodd. 
U. diTcnUoUuin Lodd. 
H. nicOtdcs Ijodd. B. |_J 

VII. CINERARIA Le$wig. «.tJ ».-J 

I0(S4. 1071 

The Cineraria. 

Cineraire, Fr. 
Aschenjt^auxe, Ger. 

1. maritima i. JU -J 8. Europe 1071 

The seaside-inhabiting Cineraria, or ike Sea 
Ragwort. 

Cinerdria Dod. 
Jacoba^ maritima Bonp. 
Sicilian Ragwort. 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Cimeraria.1011 

C. cru^ta fig. 84S. 
C. UctealL Cj 
C. caiM^accns tt- i I 
a h^brida tt. t^ 
C. jMpuUfolla tt. |_| 

C. bicolar ». | | 

C. lan&ta tL I \ i\g. U5. 

C. ireifdlU n, t^ 

C. amdiaklcs tt. i) fig. 943. 

i«gatA«S« c^^if Cu. 

App. I. Half hardy Genera belongmg to the 
Order Compositee. - - 1072 

Cariovf ila «alicir6li« JV^nicA. B. 1 I 

Omobrlmm *0lietfolim Ltnk. 
AretMs Sapcn j:.. tt. (^ 
DkUIU cam65nm tf. JT. ft |_J 

D. cptattenm Jf . K. ft i ^ 
BvrckliAjragniidiflAra IF. ft |_J 
ODttbmia R. Br. ft |_J 

OtlMfnna fUlwIlUblia Bui. CM. ft. i_J Urn. 847 

O. vf wfoM L. 
O. ptanku Aaf. 

O. pectinilU 

O. cofoi>o |M ftlU ! 



BMW Lt. 
.Mag. 

ft iZl 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxxiii 




iCw. 



rem. a. L-1 fig- 851. 
O. Ab»- ^ _J fiff. 862. 



Pa** 



^lJ fiff.8ftS. 







l_J fix. 8M. 




JEpacridacecB. 

miU A. Br- *UJ 



fcairw A. Br. A|_J 




_ _ A. «r. il uJ ««• 861.« 

•M.*lJ flg.86S. 
Cav. 



R. Br. • l_J^fiff. 869. 






1075 



"EtricdcecB, - - 1076 

Sect. I. J^Ri'cBiB. - 1076 

-* »- lU 
$ L Ericea normdUi, S & t« *i-J 1076 

L /?RrCA /). Don. • «. 1076. 1079 

TU HSATH. 

EriM «p. of L. and other authors. 1 



1. T6ira\ix L. n. N. Europe, f.864. 1079 

The four-leared Heath. 
K. botumrmit SaL 
E. barbdrica Rail. 
R. ppmOa Park. 
R. T. ritbraMort, Eric. Wob. 
Tke crosS'lcMfed Heath, 

Varieties n. . . - 1079 

1 rubra Hort. Erie, Wvh. a. 

2 dtrnea LoudmCs H, B. a. 

3 &lba ^or/. £rtc. fTod. & 

4 Msckaiana a. 

B. ATocAaiftna AiA. 

2. cin^reaL. a. N.Europe f.865. 1079 

Tlie grey Healh. 

K. mutabitis Salisb. 

K. httmilis Neck. 

K. tenuifdlia, Ger. 

B. c. Hk^bra Bedf. Hort. Eric. Wob. 

VanetieafL . . . 108O 

2 atropurpikrea ixMUL a. 

3 alba Lodd, a. 

4 pallida Lodd, a. 

5 cam^K^cns Lodd. a. 

6 prolifera Lodlei. a. 

7 stricta Lodd, a. 

3. arl)6rea L. • South Europe - 1080 

The Tree Heath. 

E . %copti ria Thunb. , ezduflve of the tjDon . 

E. cdjfira L. 

E. trifidi-a Berg. 

E. procira Sal. 

Varietiet • - - . 1080 

2 stylosa Z)on'« AA'/Z. m 

3 squarrusa /fort. A 

4 minima /fort. A 

4. (a.) oolytrichifolia Sal, • Port. 1080 
The Polytrichum-leaved Heath. 

? £. arb&rea var, 
? Z.r^ siffbsa Hort. 

5. (a.) codonddes Iriiu^ • Europe 

fig. 866. 1080 
The beli-tha:ped'Jtoioered Heath. 

6. australis L. • Spain fig. 867. 1081 

The southern Heath. 
E. piiiiUdrU Sal. 

7. strfcta Donn, • Italy fig. 868. 1081 

The upright Heath. 

E. muMcauiis Sal. 
E. drsioa Dee. 
B. ramuld$a Viv. 

8. cili^ris L. a. Portugal fig. 869. 1081 

The dllated-^ovAt Heath. 

9. sfcula Schonberg, < 
The Sidlian Heath. 



Sicfly - 1082 



IL GYPSOCA'LLIS Sai, m m, 

1076. 1082 

Thk Gypsocallis, or Moor Heath, 
Uricts of others. 

1. vagans^a/. a. England fig. 870. 1082 
The wandering Gypsocallis, or Conmh Moor 
Heath. 

li.r\ca vdgans L. 
Erica vdga Sal. 
Er)ca muittifldra Huds . 
Erica didyma Stokes. 
Erica purpurdscens Lam . 

12 



IXXXIT 



CONTENTS. 



. 1082 



VaarUstvit & • 

2 p^lida DwCm MUU 

3 rubescens Bree, n. 

4 purpurAscens Bree. 

5 alba Don*9 MiU. n. 

6 ten611a Don'i Mitt. 



2. multiflora D. Don. «. South Europe 

fig. 871. 1083 
The many flowered GyptocaUla. 
Erica multifldra L. 
V.rica iumittei/iMa, ^e., Garldel. 
Erica mmuifi&ra lonci-pedictUuta Wendl. 
Erico pedmnculdri* Freil. 

3. c&rnea D.Don, n, Germany 

fig. 872. 1083 
The Oe»h-eo\<Kir.Jtowered Ojrptocallls. 
Erica cdmea L. Sp. 
Erica hcrbticea L. DIm. 
£riai sax&tilu SaL 

4. mediterranea D. Don. m S. Eur. 1083 

The Mediterranean G^iocallii. 
Erica mediterranea L. 
Erica Ikgubris Sal. 

III. CALLITNA Sal. *. - 1076. 1084 
Tub CALtUKA. 

Erksa sp, L. and othen. 

I. vulgaris Sal. %. Europe • - 1084 

The Una, or Heather. 
Erioa w^uris L. 
La BruverCt Fr. 
Heide, Ger. 
Lyng, Dan. 
LittHg, 8 wed. 
£Hca, Ital. 
Brewo, Span. 
l7fsr,Port. 
FTcrrtA, Run. 

VarietiMf^ ... 1084 

1 purpiirea Don*s MiU, A^ 

2 spib-iii DoiCa Mill U 

3 dec(imbens J!)<m*« Afiff. A^ 

4 toixientosa Doh*9 MiU, A« 

5 inba Don't Mill %. 

6 fiore pleno Don*8 Mitt. V. 

7 foliu Tarieg^tis Z>aii'« M^ 1L, 

8 aijrea 2>oa*« AftVi: «^ 

9 coccinca /?on*« Mi/. A« 

10 spicata i!>o«*« M/2. A. 

11 itro-rikbens A.. 

12 ser6tinaA^ 

App. I. Liai of hardy Speeiu and Varieties 
of EWcJcete belonging to the Group Er(cc<e 
normdfes, of which Plants art cultivated for 
Salt in the Tooting Nursery; with some 
addUional Names from the ** Hortut Wo- 
hum£n9it.** .... 1086 

App- II. Arrangement of ike hardy Heaths 
induded in the preceding List; showing 
which of them art in Flower^ in the open 
Garden^ every Month in the Year; and the 
Colour of the Flowery and the Height of 
each, ..... 1088 



App. III. Li9t of Caps Heaths which w%' 
stand in the open Air, in Autumny or th 
middle of Winter^ without Protection, wit 
Fahrenheifs Thennometer 1 or % Degree 
below Freezing, without suffering in any wa 
from such a Degree of Cold. auJ - 108 

CallUU acuminkU (£r)ca L.) Boi, Cab. fig. 873. 
a p&lUda Hort, Brit. 
combsa Hort. Kno. le. 

2 &lba Andr. Heath, 

3 rilbra Hendl. E. 
ferrugiuea Andr. Heath, 
iyttcinihoidcs Andr. Heath, 
tenuiflbra Andr. HeeUh. 

3 ilt>a Hort. Brit. 
Siatea. 

tetraebna Andr. Heath. 

C. pugtomjhlia Sal. 
rentric68a But Mag. 

S cocclnea. 

8 stelltfera. 

4 cumea. 

5 61ba. 
6fup^rba. 

7 erccta. 

8 n&na. 

9 hirsilta. 

CerJkmla (£rlca L.) terpylllfMla Lodd, fig. 874. 
Dasytothes (£rlca L.) Sparminui Andr. Ueath. 

D. dispera A. H. 

D. hystricifldra L. T. 
D6tmla (frica L.) conf^rU Andr. Heath, fig. 87&. 
£rlca aggregiU IVendl. Eric. fig. 876. 
2 llba Hort. Brit. 

campanulAta Andr. Heath. 

cerinthdldes Bot. Mag. 

1 glabridvcula Swt, 

2 hispida Stpt. 

8 mdjor H. Wob, 
4 minor H. Wob. 
h nina //. Wob. 
6 tup6rba Roll. 
'cong^tU Wendl. Eric. 
corUl>lla. 

E. artieuldri* B. M. 
E. cafycina A. H. 
iMmprdtis corifdlia Don'i Mill. 
cupr6tsina Roll. 
globiMa Andr. Heath, 
glomer^ta Andr. Heath. 
sr&ciUf Wendl. Eric. 
nispldula. 
loucanth&ra. 
ladda Andr. Heath. 

? Lamprdtis lUeida Don't MiU. 
margariticea Andr. HecUh. 
raont&na. 
pt'ndula Lodd. 
porlAta. 
pubescent. 

I mijor H. Brit, 
% minor Roll. 
8 pubeftc6ntior H. Brit, 
4 v6rua //. Wob. 
ramenticca Andr. Heath, 
seticca Andr. Hrath. 
tenfella Andr. Hrath. 
Eurflepis (frlca L.) triflora Wendl. Eric. 
GypMc411ii (frlca L.) intertexto Lodd.^ fig. 877. 
longipedunculita Bot. Cat. 
nigrlU Don's MiU. 
PfichjM phys6des Bot. Mag., fig. 878, 879. 
Syringbdea cruenta Andr. Heath, 
2 tup^rba Roll. 
curvifibra Andr. Heath, 

1 auriutla. 

2 rilbra. 
dUphana Dun*M MiU. 
EwerctiM Andr. Ueath. 

2 glibra. 
8 tpecidca. 
4 lougidbra. 
ftpilbu. 
exQdvu Lodd, 



CONTENTS. 



IXXXT 



Pagr 



IhUmOU. 

Snip€rt». 

•dr, Healk, 
? looiAfltea &>/. CaL 
maaaaba*. Jmdr. Heatk. 

S minor. 

• pallbte. 

4 rdftea. 
f tikMidA Boi, Beg. 
vertidlUlta Andr. Heath. 

Sm^Jor. 
Tlrid£sceo«Af. Col. 

Appu IV. Xri«< of Cape Heaihe which are 
iemderer th4xn tkoae mentioMed in the pre- 
ceding Uut^ and wkieh, when exposed to the 
Degree of Cold there etaUd, will he injured 
bf it^ hmi wiU not tnffert although fuUy ex- 
poeed to a Temperature A or 5 Degree* below 
Freezing. AuJ - - - - 1091 

licVu «ricoidM fig. sao. 

Erica B&r^ria Wendl. Cott. 
Calttata iBrtcn L.) oombM Wendl. Eric. 

SrObra. 
Lodd. 




i na4)or Lodd. 
pdlOcida Jndr. Health. 

% nlbra H. Wob. 
pne^gnons Bot. Cat. 
% ooccioea H. Wob. 
Cerimla (£iica L.) aroeol&rU Hert. Kew. Icon. 

fig. 881 
f articoUrif Don't MOL 
E'ctasb StUAna 

Rriea Srbtina. aurdntia Andr. Heath. 
Sfdsca. 
Sliktea. 
4 minor, 
frlcm ustirgciu. 

bwWta ^Ndv'. Heath. 

Smijor. 
BonplsDdftMM Bot. Cab. 
? cifrm ifof. Cb». 

aspiciU. 
cerinthVldn Boi. Hag. 
\ m^ior H. Wob. 
2 minor H. Wob. 
n4na H. ff 06. 
decora Andr. Heath. 
depreaaa ilmlr. Heath. 
motiUsiina. 
Per»61ata. 

2 4Iba. 
Sriibra. 

propendens Andr. Heath. 
pubeacens. 

1 miijor H. Wob. 
t minor //. Wob. 

3 T^ma jEf. IF(06. 
qaadrill6ra. 
reflexa. 

2 riibra. 
riibenf. 

pednncuUrlt Sat. 
Tiaeftria Hort. Kew. Icon. 

aitndrica. 
rzrUAiA Lodd. 
{relida Bot. Cab. 
ncamita Andr. Ikath. 
trivUlif itNab. 
Earf lepU <£rtca L.) ilbens JM. Mag. fig. 882. Ifa- 

Ucicaba Andr. Heath. 
InryitMa (frlca Z..) trlcepc Bot. Cab. fig. 883. 
GTTMcflUi (£r)ca /...) nudulbra 5m. Icon. 
Lophiodra (£rlca L.) cClbica Andr. Heath, fig. 884. 

2 minor H. Wob. 
B ro^jor Hort. Brit. 
L&BBproCis (Etlen L.) cdrclna Andr. Heath, fig. 885. 

iuAy^H.Wob. 
Pacfajtt (frica L.) biccans Bot. Mag. 



Sjrlngddea (£r1ca L.) abi^tina. 

? clav«>fl5ra Don's MiU. 
co!6rans Bot. Rt'g. 
conctnna Andr. Heath. 
dl»color Andr. Heath. 
elaU Andr. Heath. 
Ewerana Andr. Heath. 

2 gUbra. 

3 »pec{6sa. 

4 longi flora. 
6 pilttsa. 

lAiinKcna. 

S. Imn^eSXdet Andr. Heath. 
S. perspicua Hort. Kew. 

2 superba. 
Wnnrnjld^s Andr. Heath, 
perspicua Wendl. Brie. 

2 n^'oa. 
radiikta Andr. Heath. 

2 discolor, 
sirauliciflbra Wendl. Eric. 
spialta Andr. Heath. 

2 pallida H. Wob. 
tublflbra Andr. Heath. 
vestlta. 

l&lba. 

2 incam^ta. 

3 purpurea. 

4 rftsea. 
Sfdlgida. 

6 coccinea. 

7 IQtea. 

8 mutabilit. 

9 Elegant. 

App. V. Li$t of a few of the larger Specimen* 
of exotic HecUh$j cultivated in the Royal 
Botanic Garden, Edinburgh ; with their Di- 
mensionif jfc, as taken from the Planttf 
I2ih July, \S36 1094 

App. VI. Culture of the hardy and half- 
hardy Species and Varieties of Pieces belong- 
ing to the Group Etricea noriniUes. - 1094 



§ iL Androme^ds^. 
IL_J -* t. jfc. 



1105 



IV. ANDRO^MED.4 L. «. 

Tub Andromeda. 

Polifdlia Buxbaum. 
Androm<d9L ip. L. 



1077. 1105 



1. joolifolia L. n. Europe fig. 889. 1106 

The Pol v-leaved- Andromeda, orMoorwort. 
Whododindron pot(fblntm Scop. 
Wild Roteniarfft Poly Mountain^ Marsh 

Cisttts, Moorwort, Marsh Holy Rose. 
Andromede, Fr. and Ger. 

Varieties n. . - - 1106 

1 angustifolia Lodd, sl fig. 890. 

2 «rico1dc.s sl 

3 grandiflora Lodd. n. fig. 891. 

4 latirolia Lodd, n. fig. 892. 

5 minima n. 

6 revoluta Lodd, sl fig. 893. 

7 scotica tt. 

8 stricta sl 

2. rosmarinifolia Pur^^. tt. Newfoundland 

1106 

The Rotemary-leaved Andromeda. 
A. polifdlia Bfichx. 



Ixxxvi 



CONTENl'S. 



V. CASSrOPB D. Don. n-J 

1077. 1107 
The Cassiopb. 

AndrSmed^ $p. L. et Pall. 

1. Aypnoides D. i>oit. a.— J N. Europe 

fig. 894. 1107 

The Hypnuni.Uke Casilope. 

AndiUmedaL hypnokles L. Ac. 

2. tetrag6na D, Don, «. — 1 N. America 

fig. 895. 1107 
Tbe four-comered-droncAAf Casuope. 
AndrdnutU tetragbna L. 

A pp. i. Hardy Species of Ccuaiope not yet 

introduced, - - 1107 

C. lyoomxUfildes D. Dan. 

AndrdmedM. lycopodioldc* PalL 
C. ericjildet D. Don. 

Andrdntedtk ericoidei Pall. 
C. Reddwskif O. Don. 

Andrdmedtk ReddwsM Ckam. et SchUcht. 
C. Bfertensiana G. Don. 

AndrOmedA MertensULxuk Bongard. 
C. faitiffiilto D. Don. 

AndrdmedAfastigidta Wall. PI. Par. 

Andr6medA cupreuifdrmii Wall. MSS. 

VI. CASSA'NDR^ D. Don. «. 

1077. 1108 
Thb Camandra. 

AntdrOm^ak tp. L. and others. 

1. calyculata D. Don, n. North America 

fig. 896. 1108 
The calyculated Castandra. 

Andr&mcdA ctUtfcuttita L. 

Varieties tt. . . - 1 108 

1 ventricosa Sims, n. 

3 latifolia Lodd, & 

3 nana Sims, n. 

2. (c.) angustifolia G, Don, «. N, Amer. 

fig. 897. 1108 
The narrow-leaved Castandra. 

AndromcdtL calycnltUa §^angu9t(fdlia' KM. 
Andrdmeda eutgusttfUlt'a Pursh. 
Andr&meda crupa Desf. et Link. 



Vll. ZENOBU D.Don. 



1077. 1108 



Thb Zbnoria. 

Andrimeds tp. MIchz. 

1. specidsa D, Don, A m Carolina 

fig. 898. 1109 

The sxiowjr.Jlowerfd Zenobia. 

Andriimeda specidsa Mkhx. 

Varieties A jt - . 1109 
2 nidda Pursh. m m fig. 899. 
S pulverul^nta Pursh. A .a f. 900. 
Andr&meds puhterutinta Bartr. I 
Andromeda cmuia^dlia fi Vent. 
Andrdmeda. specidta var. -y gloAca 

WaU. 
Andr&meds, deatbdta lindL 
Andr^mala otfiUa Soland MSS. 

VIII. LYO SIA Nutt. It m m M n. 

1077. 1109 

ThbLyoma. 

Andrdmeda sp. h. and various others 



Par 

A. Ijittnet sm ergr e e n. 

1. ferrugfnea Nutt, m N. America 1109 

The rusty-looMN^ Lyonla. 

Andr6medafermf^kmem Walt. 
Andr^medsfirr^iHinea fifmiMsa lOdiz. 

2. rlgida JV^utf. m North America 1110 

The rigid-leaved Lyonla. 

Andrdmedaferrugbsea WUld. 
Andrdmeda fer r u gb tea 1 mrbordtcent Ux. 
Andromfda rigida Fursh. 

3. margin^ta D, Don. n. North America 

fig. 902. 1110 
The marglnated-leaved Lyonla. 

Andrdmeda margindtm Du Ham. 
Andr6meda coriSeea WUld. 
Andrdmeda litdda Lam. 
Andrdmeda mariana Jacq. 

Variety m. ... 1110 

2 rikbra Lodd, n. fig. 900. 

B. Leaves deciduous. 

4. mariana D. Don, m North America 

fig. 903. 1110 



The Maryland Lyonia. 

Andr&meda mariana L. 

Variety js 

2 obl6nga SwL jb 



. nil 



• 



5. raccmdsa D. Don, A N. America 1111 

The racemose->fotr«raf Lyonia. 
Andrdmeda racemdta L. 
Andrdmeda panicuUtta Walt 

6. arborea D, Don, t N, America 1111 

The Tree Lyonia. 

Andrdmeda arbbrea L. 

7. paniculkaA^ti//.A N.Am, f.904. 1111 

The yiaxiicleA-ftowercd Lyonla. 
Andrdmeda panicuidta L. 

8. #alicir61ia Wats, A N. Am. f. 905. 1111 

The Willow-leaved Lyonia. 

9. frondosa Nutt. A N. America 1112 

The branchv Lyouia. 

Andromedafnmddsm Parrii. 

10. multifl6ra WaU, m North America 

fig. 906. 1112 

The many-flowered Lyonla. 

11. capresetblia WaU, A North America 

%907. 1112 

The Goat-Willow-leaved LyonU. 

App. i. Doubtful Species of £ydfiia mot yet 

introduced. • - 1112 

L. riiombOidWt G. Ikm. 

AndTfimidt rkomlMiUU N. Da Ham, 



IX. LEUCOTHOJB D. Don. a il 

1077. HIS 

Thb LBuroTHdB. 

Andr&meda sp. of acithorf p re» kwlj . 

I. axillaris D, Dofi. A North America 

fig. 908. 1113 

The axUlaiy-rAormotf Leueotboe. 
Andnmeda ojtUidrit Solander. 



CONTENTS. 



Ixxxvii 



Paffc 
- 1113 



2 loDgifolui 



M Forth. 
Wiiieri fVOU. 



t ipinulosa G. Don, m. North America 

fig. 909. 1113 
^iootk-4eii0ed Leocothoe. 
Bpimmlhim Punh. 



1 acmninata G, Don, m North America 

fig. 910. 1113 

TW acnminato-iesMri Leuoothoe. 
\cmmindta Alt. 
Idciifa Jaoq. 
pofNil(/iifiiii Lam. 
1 rrtfciUcJte Walt 
A mdr6m ttbk/ifrmotit9rma Bartr. 
jtmdr^mtedtLlavrina Wchx, 
Ptpt-Uam-ieoodt Amer. 

i. floribunda i). jDoh. • North America 

fig. 91 1. IIH 
Tba MiiBcroQa-llowered L«ucoCtSe.' 
Audr^med^Jloribunda Lyons. 

0. sincataG.2>ow.« N.Aro. f. 912. 1114 



^ 



spicate-roerHMrf Leocotlitie. 
' tpMUaVfBU, 



X. PrERIS D.DoH. f . 1077. 1114 

TmPiBBis. 

AmdrimeA tp. WaUich. 

1. ovalilolia D. D(m. 1 Nepal f. 913. 1115 



0Ml{rMj« Wall. 
^-"^- Hun. M88. 



Aj^ L Hidf-hard^ Specie§ of Pierii not yet 
introduced, - - 1115 



Wan. 




XL PHYLL(yDOC£ Sal. ■- *. 

1077. 1115 
TBI PrtAopocB. 

AftdfvmfdA tp> L. 

iff ■■ijgia^. Swarts and Smith. 

L tsojSXBB^ SaL n, Europe f.915. 1115 

Tb« Tev-leaTed PInrllodoce. 

Jfnacwffia emwa Swi. 
tmrUea L. 



(raWiUd 



PaU. 



Brloi atrtlea WiUd. 

2. «fDpetrif6rmis Z). IXm. i^ N. America 

fig. 916. 1116 
TIm Baapetnim-UlLe Fhyllodoce. 
Jkfo»£ada efNfw<rfif)^rmi« Sm. 

XIL DAB(E'C/i< D. Don. ■. 1077. 1 1 16 

Thb Dabobcia. 

Brlca 4p. Ua. 
Andr^medti *p. Lbi. 
Jtfntt/ifia «p. Juss. 

1. 0oliiolia D, Don, a. Ireland 

fig. 917, 918. 1116 
Tkc Foly-letvtid Da4)CBcia. 

Ambr^meda, Dabe^iiM. Lm. S^st. 
Br}ea IXaA(r''cia Z.m. «p. 
MflKOda Dabti'cia, Dec. 
Brkaa iWWniilBa, ^., Raj. 



Pac« 
AfmcfMla polifttUm Jims. 
Vocclit/tfm caHtabticum Hudt. 
/ritA ffAora, Caniabrum HeatM, SoAil 
Vabeoc's Heath. 



Variety a. 
2 flore 41bo Swt, 



. 1116 



XIII. i4'RBUTUS Comer, t it-) • 
••-J - - - 1077. 1117 

Tub ABBUTini, or Stravberry Tree, 
Kndrdekne Clufl. 
A'rbutus sp. L. 
Jrboutter, Fr. 
Sandbeere. Ger. 
Abbatro, Ital. 

1. C7'nedo L. i • S.Europe f.919. 11 17 

The Unedo Arbutus* or Strawberry Tree. 

L'Arbousier commu», Arboutier des Py- 

rhUes, Fraisier en Arbre^ Fr. 
Erdbeereartige Sandbeere, Ger. 
Kamad^ Mod. Greek. 

Varieties. 1 • - - 1117 

1 ilbus Ait. ± m 

2 ruber Ait, f. • 

3 planus Ait, • 

4 schizop^talus • 

5 integrifulius Sims. • 

6 crispus • 

7 salicifolius • 

2. h^brida Ker, f m Hybrid 

pi. 192. fig. 920. 1119 
The hybrid Arbutus. 

A. 9Mdrachno\des IJnk. 

Variety 1 • . . 1120 

2 Millert f m 

A. Jtfi/Zffri JIdyM. 

3. Andrichne L, t Leyant pl.l93. 1120 

The Andrachoe Arbutus. 
A. integrifdlia Lam. 
Kndrdekne TheophrdtA Clms. 
Kndrdekne Park. Theatr. 
Adrackne of Theophrastus. 
AndracUa^ Mod. Greek. 

Varieties • . - 1120 
l.With serrated leaves Toum. 
2 With large obloug fruit, Townt. 
3. With large compressed fruit, 

Toum. 
a serratifblia fig. 821 f t I 

4. proccra i>otigi^. • N.America 1121 
The tall Arbuttu. 

5. tomentosa Pursh, m N. America 1122 

The downy Arbuftus. 

krctostdpkylot tometUhsa Llndl. 

Variety • - - . 1122 

2 nikda Hook, et Am, m 

6. densiflora H. B, et Kunth, alJ Mexico 

1122 

The dcBHlT.flov««d Atbattu. 

App. L Hardy Species of A'rbutus not yet 

introduced, • - 1122 

A. lamlAUa L. 

A. MmziMf Purii. 

il. cotdlfblia 

Arrtoitdpk^ cordifUia I.iadl. 
A. fflaftca 
I A ntottAfkyto$ glaira LiQdl . 



IxxxTiii 



CONTENTS. 



App.lL Half.har(fy Spedu of A'rhtiiui. 1122 

A, BMlolkrta H. B. it Kmmtk, 
A. AffaiM Book, el Arm. 
A. satapinols H.B.H Kmmlk. 
A. mtfUU H. B. d Kmmtk. 
.J. fcrraninea L. 

XIV. ilRCTOSTA'PHYLOS Adam. 

Jkt. - - . 1078. 1123 

Tbs Bkajuibiibt. 

A'rbutut «p. L. 

1. UVa-iirsi Spreng. A« Europe 

fig. 923. 1123 
The eomuum Bearberry. 

k'rbutuM ITva-ArsiJj. 

h'rbtUu» huxtfdlia Stoket. 

ITva-ursi bmxtMta Sal. 

Bear berries, Bear-wkorUe-'berrieif Eog. 

Baremrtmbe. Barenbeere, Gear, 

Beerenduuif, Dutch. 

Im Batterole. Fr. 

IPva tfOrzo, Ital. 

ZTva de 0»o, 8uan. 

tlva de Urta, rort. 

U»a-ur$t\ in works of mott old Botanists. 

2. Blp\n3, Spreng. Jk Europe - 1123 

Tne Alpine Bearberry. 
Afrbuttu alpina L. 

App. L Half-hardy SpecieM of Aretostdphylos 
not yet introduced, - - 1124 

A, MUf&lU B.B.M KmtA. 

^Amdr4mmim Udifdlim Haab. 
A. RUmtMCiM ff . a. ft Kttmtk* 
A. p6nc«n4 H. B. tl Kumth, 
A. bMkml (i. Odd. 

A'rtehM fib^fiu Hook. 

XV. PERNE'TTYii Gaud. •«-!*. 

1078. 1 124 
Thb Pbembttta. 

1. raucron&ta Gaiid, tu Terra del Fuego 

fig. 924. 1124 
The mucronateJftfeeif PBmettya. 
A'rbulus mucrondia L. 

2. pilosa (r. Don. Mexico - - 1124 

The pilose, or hairy, PemetQra. 
Afrbuha pilOsa Gr^h. 

App. L Hardy Spedei of PemSttya not yet 

introduced, - - 1125 

¥. aHenmhfUM Omud, 

A't^vtm mtUrmhjUtm Pont 

A'rbiAtu mrnO^Ma Ism. 
P. Jf«nln\tai O. Ain. 

Amdfdmtdm M^ntmUm Lun. 

App. ii. Half-hardy Specie* of Pemittytu 1 1 25 

F. MBpotrUbUk OMi. 

A^ftmtma •mtfttrifiMm Uadl. 
A'rAirfw •*M|la WliM. 
AmirdmtHB 9mtfttr(fMm Lmta. 

A GavwIItaittM U. Don. 

il Ww Owti fe fTMlnWo Csv. 
F. pvphrao O. 
F.oUliBltD. 



XVI. GAULTHE^R/il L. ». ifc, 

1078. 1125 
Turn Oaclthmua. 

I. proc6mben8 L. t. North America 

fig. 925. 1125 

The procumbent Gaultherla. 

Partridge Berry, Moun ta in lea. Spring 
WhSer Oreen, Sm. 



2. Shalion Pursh. n. N. Am. f. 926. 1126 ,; 
The ShaUon Gaultherla. ^ 

App.i. Halfhardy Specif of GauUhervk,\l2S 

O. taKtandMinui !>. JDm. ^ lJ J 

G.fhitramM D. Don. "* 

A'rMtf UMH/Wio Uamil. 

App. ii. Hardy and half-hardy Species of g 
Ganlthim, not yet introduced, - 1126 i 

O. onmnHiIarUlidai D. Dm. 

<}. dU4tm Ckmmi. tt SckUdU. ' 

twvond otiMr Spoctai i 

XVII. EPIGiFA L. *, .1078.1126 i 

ThB EPI04BA. 

"Uemiculum Michx. 

May FloweTt Nora Scotia. \ 

1. ripens L. At North America - 1127 

The creeping Epigco. ' 

XVIII. PHALEROCA'RPUSG.2>ofi. J 

lU . - - 1078. 1127 

The Phalkkocarpvs. 
yaecinium L. 
GautMriA Pursh. 
Ox^cdceuM Nutt. 
Afrbutui Lam. 

1. #erpy11ifblia G, Don, fu N. Amer. 1127 

The Wild-Thyme.leaved Phalerocarpus. 
\accinium kispiduium L. 
CauUkrrin %erpyll(fblia Pursh. 
A'rbutusjUtfdrmis Lam. 
Oxyc6ccut hispidulut Pers. 

XIX. CLKTURAL. lO • auJ ai-J 

1078. 1127 
Thb Clbthka. 

Cuelliria R. et P. 

1. dnifoha L, A N. Amer. f. 927. 1128 

The Alder-leaved Clethra. 

C. sdnifbtia var. a denuddta Ait 

2. (a.) tomentosa Lam, A N. America 

fig. 928, 929. 1128 
The downr Clethra. 

C. ain(MiaJ jntUsoenM Ait. 
C. mcJiM Pers. 

3. (a.) paniculata vlt/. A N. Amer. 1128 
The ^mUXcArfloutered Clethra. 

4. (n.) acuminata Mickje, A N. America 

1128 

The acuminated-J^Mtf Clethra. 
C. montdna Bartr. 

5. (a.) Bcabra Per*. A North America 1188 
App. i. Half-hardy Species of CUtkra, 1129 

r.arbte«*i«tf. Al_J fif . 930. 
C. fcmiciMo «. i< l>. *CJ 

C. Antf 61U «NMrtfs. t Cj 
TIhm tteidenlaHrn 
Othm tptdm at CUttbrm 

App. I. Half-hardy Genera belonying to the 
Section "Ericea and § Andromcdtst of the 
Order Ericdcem. .... 1129 

Afartf^o taslfMte O. Am. Ai_| 



CONTENTS. 



Seel. II. 



t-J A A A 



m \ tt. illJ 



Paffe 
" 1129 



XX. fiHODODE'NDRON L. » m ^ 

«.«.— I^ft. . 1078.1130 

Thk RHODODKNDBOir, oT Jtoje iiSoy. 
AiMem tjt, crfauthon. 

Ounm^rhododMtroa Toarn. 
BMododemdrouy Fr., ital.* aad Span. 
A^balsam, Ocr. 



J I Pimikmm D. Don. A • a. «, -J 
1. p^ndcuiD L. A Pontixs fig. 931. 

XteFoatie ShododcndroD. 

9 obtftsmn Wat$. m 

3 mTitifolium Z.o</!(l • 

4 SniitMi Swt • 

5 Liown Gard. Mag. A 

6 aulebktes A • 

K. malaildet Desf. 

R. p. raMteiiteiMM Andr 

Smbparkiv ? m m 
Jt. p. a. odoratum Xodtf- Ca/. 

Nurtrry VarietiCM. 



1131 
1131 



1131 



itnn 



boUtoua 
coaufrtmii 



fbL sikreb 
fei. Buoilbilttit 



Krandiflonim 
inraniknun 
ItemMittin 




nkitilEfiia 

obt&mm 

«mUclfUiBin 



llSl 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 
1131 

2. maximum L. m N. Amer. f. 932. 1 134 

The largest Rhododendron. 

Varidiesm - - - 1131 

2 iUbuin JJorf . m 

3 hybridum Hook. M 

^ffdgTuns Hoit. 
R. hgSridum Lodd. 

3, (ni.)purpiireum G,Don,M N. Am. 1 135 

The parple-Jlotffered Rhododendron. 

JL. mM^kmtm y purpitreum Porsh. 
R. p^iMcum macroph^kun Lodd. 

i. P6rs}u< G. Don. m. North America 1135 

fMirt IOwwlaJ€M.lrnB. 

B. aidrJMMH /9 «Uft«in Punh. 

5. catawbiense ATichx, • North America 

fig. 933. 1135 
The Catawba Rhododendron. 

Varittie^ - - - 1135 
S Russelliantfm Brit. FL.Gard.« 
3 dgrlnum Ifort, A 

6. cbrysdnthum //. tt- Siberia -1135 

TIm aoldeo-flowerod RliododfsndroB. 
R. 40lc^iN</l<r Sallib. 



Pane 

7. caudiricum Pa//. «. Caucasus 

fig. 934. 1136 
The Caucasian Rhododendron. 

Varieties A tt. - - 1136 

2 stramineum Hook, n. 
S pulch^rrimum LindL A 
4 Nobleanvm Hort. tk 

8. punctatum i4iu/r. m North America 

fig. 935. 1136 
The dtMedJeaved Rhododeodroo, 
R. ySm^fiiM'ttin par. minus Pert. 
R. minfltf Michx. 
R. punctatum wsr. mhsus Watt. 

Variety A . - - 1137 

2 majus Ker, A 

9. ferrugfneum L. tt Eur. f. 936. 1137 

The TMSty-leaved Rhododendron. 

Vanety - - - 1137 

2 dibum Lodd, tt. 

10. (?f.) hirsiitum L.n. fig. 937. 1 137 

The hahy Rhododendron. 

Variety - - - 1137 

2 variegdtum «. 

1 1 . setusum D. Don. n. 

The brUtljr KboJodemlron. 
it. macTophyllum D. Don. A 

§ ii. Lepipherum D. Don. jt 

12. lappdnicum H^a^. lU — 

The Lapland Rhododendron. 
Azalea lappdntca L. 
Axika/erruginca llort. 



Nepal - 1137 

. 11«8 
«. JL-J 1138 

J N. Eurppe 
fig. 938. 1138 



13. dai^ricum i. Jt Siberia f.939. 1138 
The Dahurlan Rhododendron. 

Variety n. - - - 1139 

2 atrovlrens Ker. n 

A. Icpld^tum H'oX/. . . . 1189 

§ ill. Chasnadstus D. Don. t^ • 1 1^ 

14. camtschdticum Pall, %- Kamtachatku 

fig. 940. .1139 

The Kamtschatka Rhododendron. 

15. Chamaecfstiis Xr. 1. Eur. f. 941. 1139 

The G round- CUtus Rhododendron. 

§ iv. Pentanthera D. Don. * 1139 

1 6. fi^vum G, Don, ( Aziilea pontica L.) ^ 

Levant - - fig. 942. 114^ 

The Pontic, or common. Azalea. ' 

AxlUea p6ntica 1j. Hia. 
Axdilea arbdrea L. 6p.» ed. 1 . .- ^ 

Varieties and Hybrids. 

A. p. S ^ba 

3 aurdntia 

4 crockta 
d ciiprca 
6 fltfmmM 

BgU&ca 

9lgyifacCfM 
ia oehrotelica - 
lllMifllcla ■ • • 

IS tiiealor 

k 



• 1140 

• 1140 
. 1140 

:m 

• 1140 

• 1140 

• 1140 

• 1140 

• 1140 
.1140 



17. nuiUBdrum Toir. (AiUea nu^dre 
L.) ■ N. AmencB fig. MS. U40 



Jb« KanTii IViS, or miH 



d^dka p. »lmra I 



5 pupilioiiBceum D. Don, • 

6 partilum It. jion. m 

^ polr^ndrum J>. Don. ■ 

iltiJfca p. fpJudmJra Punk. 
8 Coieniunun D. Don. * !. S44. 
B rfibrum LwUL di 
10 eiimiuni D. Don. * 
Varittia and J^rUi. oa 






I, tricolor Q. Dm. (A. (a.) Irfcoli 

I'loili.) a CuroIioB • - 1142 

The l"..-",l(,aru.(3*-™T"'A««l«t 



19. calendulikcejin 7Wr. (A. (n.) calen- 

dulses lUkiue.) • Carolina 

fig. 946. 1148 

TlH MuHtD'Miwvral AuleL 
Ajg. cmlrmihililnv MhJii. 



a MortSni Sm. ■ 
3 f(>1|iiduin Hboi. m 



21. viscdsum Ton-. (A. vi«c6sa i.) tt 
North AmeHcB - fig. 947. 1143 

rartOia ■ • - 1143 

9 oniltuiii Svt A 

VaHilia amdHuhHit, aaordh^ u 



B. BihrUn aUadtrhua. Ht^Ui 



S^W*- 




if!0-.^ 



•SSSf. ■ 



CONTENTS. 


xei 


.J!fS 


App.i. 




IlIU 


A. ^o^ nJf .^^ mtraJurft M> AlHiJl GUF^AM. 




88. arbdreuin Smilh. 1 -1 Nepal 






fiB.MI. 1146 






Tha 


: 


i 




I HnEuWum X.l«tt 1—1 








R.u.rt B.K-.. D.Doo. 








B.rrfyAm.-Wdl. 




S 




4nr,nan,6m«uml_J 






5 vcntuiium i). Don. 


: );: 




OUrr lancUn atd IWrbU ^ H. 




IS 







S^l^ 



3. htspidum TVr. (A. (».) hVla ''*■) 
A North America fig. 94S. 1144 



«. ottiduin 7Vr. (A. nftida />A.) • 
North America • fig. 049. 1144 

IS. tpeciAnun G. Don. (A. speciAsa 
WaU.) • N. Aoier. f. 950. 1 146 



90. ■rbor^ens Tbrr. (A. arbor^cnit 
- «t.)* North America 114i 



} f. BJkodira D. Don. 2 _l ft U 1 145 

n. Shod^ G, Don. ( Ahodora canad jn- 

■ui;.).* N. Ahmt. r.951. 1145 



. campanid^tum D. Don. A —I Nepal 
fig. 953. 1 147 
i4 Hbodi&Kidnia. 



30. ■nlhopogon D. Dan, 



fUl. TmlnlmD.Doa 



Variedf avt Jtiihrld- Bi-J 1 1 49 






It .aiiiiititoi /ItaM., • ^ 
16 iiwd'tiiim ^]n™. ■ i_l 



xcu 



CONTENTS. 



98. tln^nie Swt. (A. sinensis LotUL) m t-J 
China . . fig. 957. 1149 

n« Chtame Azalea. 

Attka alf^iuU Lodd. 

Varietie* and Hybrids AuJ 
-* t. - - - 1149 

2 lUT^sceQi Swt. A \ I 

A. $. S llaoAonM. 

8 macr&nthum Dom*t Mill. Jc l_J 

A»Aiea mucrdmtha Buoffe. 
R. nttnw D. Dan MttS. 



Jl. rttieaUtmn />. Don MSS. U. 
Amilea nticulala Hurt. 

Jl. F&rrer* Tat*. .Mi lJ 

AM^Ua Fdrrenm Hort. 

M. decAmhCM D. Dom MSS. <^ 
AMiUta decumbent HiKU 



■ UAO 

fit;. 058. 1150 

. 1150 



B. Indian Axaleoi not yet hUrodueed. 

Jl.ickbniin Dow'* Miil. •L-J - - »»*<> 

Audita nabrm. 

K. mdxtmum Thanh. 
JC niiicronA,tum O. JBoii. •lJ - 1150 

AzaUa mMenmUa Blum. 

? R. Wi/:i/iiim (/«. {. <WWi Undl.). 

JL BnrminnK}. Don. • L-J • HM 

ilxAira rpfiiMrJntfMjd Bonn. 

Jl. ID0II14 G. Don. A vlj - llAO 

AxUta mMlU Blum. 
H. LoureMiltmi Cf . Don. il I I -1160 

AMUeafmmetkta Lour. 

9 It. Propagation and Culture of the kalfi*ardy 
Species qf Wiododindron and Axdlea. 

XXL KA'LM/yl L. • Jt «. 1078. 1151 

The Kalmia. 

American Laurel. 

1. latifolia /.. • N. Amer. f. 959. 1151 

The broad-leaved Kalmia. 

Mountain Laurel, Calico Sush^ Calico 
Flower, Amer. 

2. angustif^lia L. m N. Am. f. 960. 1152 

The narrow-leaved Kalmia. 
Skeep Laurel^ Amer. 

Variety m - - - 1152 

2 ovata Purah, A 

3. cla6ca AU. & N. Amer. f. 961. 1152 

The giaucoiU'leaved KalmU. 
K. polifolia Wangh. 

Variety n. - - 1152 

2 rosmarinifolia Pwrah. n. 

4*. cuneata Michx, Jt N. America 1152 

The wedge>thaped-/eaoMf Kalmia. 

5. hirsuta Walt, m N. Am. f. 962. 1152 

The hairy Kalmia. 

K. cilidta Bartr. 

XXII. MENZIE^S/y| Smith. • 

Tub MBNZIE8IA. 1078. 1152 

1. ferniglnea Sm. a N. Am. f.963. 1153 

The rutty-flowered Mciuiesia. 
M. urceoUiris Salisb. 

2. globularis SatUh, • N. America 1153 

The tticlboXax-flowered Mcnziesia. 
M. SmUkM Miehx. 
Axdlea pilosa Lam. 
M. piUsa Pert. 

XXIII. AZALEA n. Don. -*^ 

Tbs Asalba. 1078. 1 153 

Axdlea procimbetu L. and many 

authors. 
LoiseleMM De^. 
Ckawm\(Mim T Inlr 



1. procfimbens L. -t Britain and North 
America - • fig. 964. 11^4 

The procumbent Axalca. 

XXIV. LEIOPHY'LLUM Pen. » 

The Lbiophtllum. 1078. 1154 

Anmt^rtitte Porih. 
FlscMTSL Surari^. 
L^dumbmsi/HlHmBag. 

North America 
fig. 965. 1154 



1. /hymifolium Pert. 



The ThTme.leaved Leiophyllnm. 
iJdum huxtfdlium Berg. 
"Lidtim tkymifotium Lun. 
J^utn terpyl'ifdUum L'HMt 
Ammyrsinehwtifdlia Punh. 
Sand Myrtle, New Jeraey. 

L. prostratum n. - - - lUS 

Ammyrsine proitrdta Swt. 
Ammyrsine Lydni Suri, 

XXV. LE DUM L. m n. 1078. 1155 
Tub Ledum. 

1. palustre L. n. N. Amer. f. 966. 1155 

The Marsh Ledum. 

"Ledum silesiacum Clus. 
Bxtsmarinum sylvistre Cam. 

Variety n. . .1155 

2 dec{imbcns AU, n. 

2. latifolium AU. m N. Am. f. 967. 1155 

The broad-leaved Ledum, or Labrador Trte. 
L. grccnlandicum Beta. 
L. palustre Michx. 
Labrador Tea, Amer 

3. canad^nse Lodd, n. N.Am, f.968. 1156 
Ttie Canadian Ledum. 

Sect. III. Faccinibnjb D.Don, 1156 
a. m mCD alJ a-J il «. 1. 1 — i 

XXVL FACCFNIUM L. a m m:D ^ 

tL %^ % 1 - 1078. 1156 

Thi Whobtlbbbbry. 

yuis idof'a Toum. 
AireOe, Fr. 
Heidelbeere, Get. 

A. Leaves deciduous. A 

1. Myrtillus L. m Europe fig. 969. 1156 

The LiUle-Myrtle-ZtXir Whortleberry, or ommm" 
Bilberry, or Bleabcrry. 

Variety m - - 1157 

2 bdccis 41bis jb 

2. uligindsum L. js Europe f.970. 1157 

The bog Whortleberry, or great Bilberry. 
MyrtlUus grdndis Bauh. 

3. angustifolium Ait. -tft N. Amer. 1158 

The narrow. leaved Whortleberry. 
V. Myrtiilus Michx. 

4. casspitosum Michx. js N. Amer. 1 158 

The tufted Whortleberry. 

5. gal^zans Michx. as N. America 1158 

Th* Uale-Uke Whortlebcny. 
V. ffal^nnit Smith. 

6. tenellum ^V. Jk N. Amer. f. 971. 1158 

The delicate Whortleberry. 

V. pennsyhtanieum Lam. 

Variety - - 1159 

7. ^Dstrinum Michx. m N. Amer. 1 159 

The Privel-Uke WhorflebBrry. 



CONTENTS. 



XCUl 



ft. irfDidinn AH, ^ North America 1159 

9. arbureum Marih.^ N. America 1159 

Tbe Tree Wbortleberrr. 
V. di^i^mM Alt. 

10. stamfneiun L. ^ N. Am. f. 972. 1 159 

Tkc iDw-atameaed Whortleberry. 
V.dtbmmVunh, 
V. eie n d iw m Banki. 

r<irie<y.tt ... 1160 

2 Alburn if. B, et Kunth. m 

11. dumosuin Aii,M N. Am. f.973. 1160 

The iNuhj Whortleberry. 
y.frtmddnun Michx. 
T. UrMham Alt. 

Variety jm - - - 1160 

2 hikmile ^a<#. .« 

1;?. corymbosiim L. a North America 

fiff. 974, 975. 1160 
The corynibote-:/lotmrroi Whortleberry. 
V. omorNvMiM Ait. 
V. dtmmdrpktKm Michx. 
V. eUvutitm Hort. 
V. ditum Lam. 

Ftarietiet fl - - - 1161 

3 rirg^tum Aii. A fig. 976. 

3 fiuc4tuin Ait. m fig. 977. 

V. fonmmnm .\ ndr. 

V. virgmtmm Wats., not of Alt. 

4 angusdrolJum. ^ 

V. Hrftrtfirat car. amguMifdlimm Wats. 

13. albiflorum /Tuoitr. A N. Amer. 1161 
The vhite-flowered Whortleberry. 

V. tUimm iMta. ? 

1 4. marianum fKa^. A North America 

fig. 978. 1162 
Tbe MJaryland Whortleberry. 
V. manldudicmm Lodo. 

15. grandiflorum Wats, .« North America 

fig. 979. 1162 

Tlie great-flowered Whortleberry. 

16. eloDgatum IVal$, A North America 

fig. 080. 1162 
The cioagated Whortleberry. 

17. minutifidrum WaU, jt N. America 

fig. 981. 1162 
The minute-flowered Whortleberry. 

18. ^abnim Walt, m N. Am. f. 982. 1 162 
The glabrotu Whortleberry. 

19. frondosum L, a N. America 1163 

The firondose Whortleberry. 
V. glaieum Michx. 
Blue TangtcSt Amer. 

Variety A . . - 116S 

2 Teniistuiii Ait. 

y.fronddium var. fi lanceotatum 
Purch. 

20. re5)in68um Ait, jm N. Am. f. 983. 1 163 

The retinolu Whortleberry. 

Andr&meda baocdta Wang. 

Varieties Jt ... 116.3 

2 rub^flcens Purth, m 

S lut^tcens Pwrth. m 

Black Sea 

fig. 984. 1163 
Tbe Bear*s Gnps WlM)rtlei)erry. 



%\, ilrctost^hylos L, 



Pag* 

22. (y A,) /^ndifolium Sin, A Madeira 

fig. 985, 986. 1164 

The Blrd-cherry-leaved Bear'i Grape Whortle- 
berry. 

V. krcio*t6pkylo* Andr. 

V. tnadcrhUelAxik. 

V. caucasicum Hort. 

V. padtfdlium caucdticum Hort. 

B. Lfovft evergreen. 

23. caracasanum H, B, et Kunth. aO 

South America - - - 1164 

The Caraccaa Whortteberry. 

24. Fitis idae a L. n. Europe f.987. 1164 

The Mount Ida Whortleberry, or Cotrberrjf. 
VUis idte^a rubra Cam. 
The red Whortleberry. 

25. ( V,) 6uxif61ium SaVub, a. N. America 

fig. 988, 989. 1 165 
The Box-Icaved Whortleberry. 
V. brachyceruTH Michx. 

26. myrtifolium Michx. I* -J N. Am. 1166 

Tb« Myrtlc-lraved Whortleberry. 

27. nitidum Andr. %. N. Am. f.990. 1166 
The %\o%%y-kavcd Whortleberry. 

28. crassifolium Andr, ftv N. America 1166 

The thick -laavcd VVhortleboTj. 

29. ovatum Pursh.m N.Am. f.991. 1166 
The oyatC'leaved Whortleberry. 

30. canadense Richards, n. N. Am. 1166 
The Canada Whortleberry. 

31. Afyrsinltes Michx. n. N. America 1167 

The Mynine-like V\liortleberr> . 

Varieties «. - - - 1 1 66 

2 lanceol^tuA Pursh. n. 

3 obtQvus Pursh. tt. 

32. humifuKura Grah. %^ 

The trailing Whortleberry. 



N. America 1167 



A pp. i. Hardy Species of Vaccinium not yet 

introduced, . - 1167 



V, Chamlac^njj Bonnra. 

V. MyrtfUtuChBm. 
V. OTalifttllum Smith. 
V. parvtfblium .SmJM. 
V. «alicinum Cham. 
V. crlindrarcum Smith. 
V. cuofirtuni H. B. tt Kuidk. 
V. obtoaum Purth. 



App. ii. Half-hardy Species of yaccinitam 
not yet introduced, - - 1 1 67 

y. Rcmlnltl6rum H. B. tt KuiUh. 

V. hirtum TAmaA. 

V. calycinum Smith. 

V. bnirtektam TAhnA. 

V. cUUttum. 

r. /cdifbUum Pohl. 

V. florihdndum if. fi. H Kunth. 

V. leuctethum Chmm. 

Y. viU6«urn Smith. 

V. Schlechtendahli'j O. Don. 

F. tckbnun Pchl. 

Y. montknum Pxid. 

Y. ctevam Furtt. 

Y. reticntktura Smith. 

Y. penduliflftrum Haud. 

Y. microphjllum Herb. ReiHwdi. 

Y. dentktum Smith. 

Y. mipctrtf%Uum H. B. tt JThnM. 

Y. peiMe< it/M H. B. rt Kunth. 

F. amminktum U. B. it Kumtk. 

Y. olatemOkdei H. B. et £m<A. 

XXVII. OXYCO'CCUS Pers, «. *. 

1078. 1168 
TiiK CaANBBaaY. 

\accinuun sp. of L. and others. 



XCIV 



CONTENTS. 



1. palAstris Pert.t. Europe f. 993. 1168 

The Marsh, or amunon, Cnmbeity. 
O. vulgdri* Pursh. 
O. europat\u Nutt. 
Vacdnmm Oxyc6ceui L. 
Vaedninm Ottucdceus var. « r**alifbUu$ 

Michx. 
Voediu'a pal4ttrii Ger. Emac. 
Oxydiccum Cord. 
Mossberriett Moorberriet^ Fenberriest 

Marskuforts, Whortieberrie*^ Com' 

berria^ Bne. 
AireQe caimeoerge% Fr. 
Oemeine Moo$e&ertt G«r. 

2. macroc&rpus Purth, %^ North America 

fig. 993. 1170 
The large-fhiited, or American, Cranberry. 
Vacdnium maerocdrpum Ait. 
Vaccinhtm htspidnlum Wangh. 
Vacduium Otycdecua /3 oblongifdlhu Mx. 

Variety t. . - - 1170 
2 follU variegtltis Hort» 1L, 

Vocchuttm macrocdrpmmfol. var. 
Lodd. 

3. er^ctus Pursh. a. N. Am. f. 994. 1171 
The erect Cranberry. 

Vacdnium erytkroedrpum Mx. 

App. I. Genera of "Ericdcea, of which it ap' 
pear* doubtful if any hardy ligneous Impedes 
have yet been introduced, * - 1171 

I. BRYA'NTHUS Gmei. *. - - 1171 

Tas BkriiinrHtis. 

Anir & mt d t ap. L. 
Menti^tii SmtHt and AirM. 
EriM «p. Thunb. 

1. Gm^lini D. Don. t^ Kamtschatka 

fig. 995. 1171 

QoiMnli n ry mthm . 

MmaiMm frrwfniU Swutx. 

Amdfdmtdti Hrjfdidkm h 

Erie* krydw^M Tbunb. 

AryibiMM r*ptn» wtrfjfUiPAitkjItn titto Omel. 

2. Stttllen D. Don. i^ North-west America 

fig. 996. 1172 

StriWr^ Bramthw. 

ilwdntniMte SUHerihnh Pall. 

JTMSiMa •mfttrifirmit P«nh» boc not oTodMn. 

CladotliAininui pjrroUefltotu fipiwisnL - llTt 

P!fn>laJ)>iitieOta R<ichachaltt. 

App. II. Half hardy ligneoue Specie* of 

Ericaceof, - - 1172 

I. ENKIA'NTHUSZ^r. ai-J - 1172 

Tbb EmciAirnir*. 
««larf6r«Sal. 

1. quinqueflorus Lour, Ai-J China 

fig. 997, 998. 1172 

The flTC'flovcfnd BnUanthus. 
B. ntimt^m LIndl. 



Symplocdce(B. 



p««» 

1186 >i 



B. bifl6nu Imt. AuJ 
Vlriqw 

Bdbita Hanb. •« Bonp. 
Bf^rta JTuMa. 

B. gUAca 0«iNfr. <f 
B. nemubm Vtmi. CeU. 

a. mmminiIMM M Idu. 
HnB»<nthM>ipdnlo» Mmm. 
Unlnaiccbi ««i^U H.B.tl Kmmlk 
Thiba«<lla oanllfiUla 0. A. <f Kumlk 
Camidtohte iMtbUli J:.<iUI. 
AgaBJkte* O. Dam 
Canttoaitaui Rrandifldra m.tl P. 



■ IITS 

- 1178 

• 117S 

• 1178 

- 1178 

. 1173 

• 1178 
. 1178 

• 1173 

• 11 73 

- 1173 



App. III. Of the Cukivation of the Hardy 
En'cdeetft including the laying out and 
Planting of an Erieacttum. - - 1173 



Symplecoa sMca Ker. A ^ Chlaa 8 ip. fig. 1007. 
8. cratagMdet AoNiM. • |_J Nepal. 



StyrdcetB. 1 187 

I. 5TY^RAX L.m - - 4 sp. 1187 

Tri Stobax. 

AUbocifitr, Fr. 
Storox.Qm. 

1. officinale L, m Syria fig. 1008. 1187 

The of&cinal Storax. 

Lagomeliat Modem Greek. 
Sturax kalamitiSt Ancient Greek. 

2. grandifolium AU, A North America 

fig. 1009. 1188 
The large-leaved Storax. 
S. qfftcmdii* Walt. 
S. grand{ftormm Michx. 

3. Isevigsitum AU. a South Carolina 

fig. 1010. 1188 

The naooxh'leaved Storax. 
S. octdmtnim L'H^rlt. 
S. gUibmm CaT. 
S. 2ir>tf Walt. 
S. omericd$mm Lam. 

4* pulverulentum Michs, A Virginia and 
Carolina - - fig. 1011. 1189 

The powdery Storax. 

S. kevigdtum Curt. 



1189 



Halesmcess. f m 
I. HALE'S/il Ellis, i • - 38p. 1189 

Thb Halbsia, or Snowdrop Tree, 
UeMsie, Fr. ana Ger. 

1. tetriptcra L, 1 South Carolina 

pi. 194, 195. fig. 1012. 1190 
The four-winged-yHM'leil Haleila, or conamon 
Snowdrop Tree. 

The Snowdrop Tree, Silver Belt Tree, Amer. 

2. (t.) parviflora Michx. 1 m Florida 

%. 1013. 1190 
The email-flowered Haletia. 

3. dfptera L. i • Georgia and Carolina 

fig. 1014. 1191 

letU. 



The two-w1nged-/HM'l^ Hale 



SapotdcetB. 1191 

It f ±C3 • • 

I. ARGA^NIA Roem. et Schultes. t m 

1191 

Tea Aroanu. 

Siderdxykm ipindmm L. 
L*Argttn, Fr. 
jElKnAo&, Ger. 

1. Sider6xylon Hopm, et Schultes, ¥ A 

Morocco - - fig. 1015. 1192 
The Iron-wood Arganla. 

Sider4jrylon spindtwn L. Sp. Ac. 
ElaodAidron A'rgan Bett. 
BAdmmmt peniaphjiltu* Jaoq. 
"RM dmnui deulm h. Bfti. 



CONTENTS. 



XCV 



IL JBUMFLIA Swartz, f lO • 



Tn BuvBLiA. 

K'ckrtu ap. Lin* 

rftM» 



m 
1192 



BmbrydplerU Kitki L. } lJ Japan. 
I>. ckim' 



Page 



mhuis Blume- 

Kimii, Knki, Kaempf. 



8ider6sytcm «p. Lam. and otheri. 
ChrwtophyUum »p. Aubl. and others. 

A Carolina 
%. 1016. 1193 

The Box-tborn-llke Bumella. 

SiileH*Wlan Ijfcfoidea Du Ham. 

5. U^ Wait. 

L^ciSklea tp. Un. Hort CUff. 



1. /ycioides G<er/i». 



. 1197 



Oledc€(B, 

Sect. I. OLPiNiB. 1197,1198 



I rediniLta Teirf. A Georgia - 

' ^ BuinclU. 

iMieiis. 



119S 



I. LIGU'STRUM Toum, t 1 



1198 



Thb P«ivet. 

TVoftw, Fr. 
Kainweide^ Ger. 



3. tkax WUid, S Carolina f. 1017. 1193 

ne toogh-^rvmcAnl Bumella. 
Bi €knf9opkifiUMeM Purth. 
MfarAiyfoM Mnor L. 
8. jrrtcnnt Walt. 
5. ekrpwophmlloides Mlchz. 
C3brwM>i(|yCiMii caroUndiue Jacq . 

4. Uougindsa lVr«A. A CaroUna and 

GeorgU ... - 1194 

Tla noUv-iMMrf BunMlU. _, ^ 

•drrtfaylw l«mwfa4nMi Mkhju 
tf. Mmc W«dt. 

5. obbmgifolia iVnltf. 1 N. America 1194 

TI««lilaDs-lM«ed BohmIU. 

K.«UfiU»S»s. f CD 

SMn^^yiM mKc^^Mwh Lam. 



1. vulgare TVog. 



A'dkrM MlkifMt L. 



1194 



I. DlOSPrROe r. 5 f IlJ aQ 

1194 
Thi Datb PLrM.' 



A t f Britain 

fig. 1019,1020. 1198 
The common Privet. 

L. ^ermdnieum Bauh. 
Prtmy Prim-print. 
Puine blane, Fr. 
Ocmeine Rainweide, Oer. 
Ligustro Olivelia, Ital. 

FarieHe* turn. . 1199 

2 leucocdrpum A 
The white-berrictl Privet. 

S xanthocdrpum A 
The yellow-berried Privet. 

4 chlorodu'piUD A 

The green-berried Privet. 

5 sempervlrens t A fig. 1018. 
The Italian, or evergreen. Privet. 

L. it&Ucum Mill. 

6 variegatum A 

The variMated-i^avnf PrWeC. 

7 angustifulium A 

The narrow-leaved Privet. 



2. spicktum Ham'Ut, 



A S f Nepal 
fig. 1022. 1201 



Gualacina Tomm. 
Fiaqueminiert Fr. 
Datte^tfiaume,Qer. 

1. Lotus Ir.2 Caucasus pi. 196, 197. 1 194 
The Etuvpeam Lotoa, or common Date Plum. 
PseudoUtmt Hatth. 
Gaaiactoa/taAnriiM Toom. 
HaUa»Ligmtm Vikt, WoodofLifii, Pock- 

uiiody Bastard Menymoood, Gerard. 
Date <^ Trehiaonde. 
Plaqmeminier^ FauM LoUoTt Fr 
ttattani$eke Dattdf^Uimne, Ger. 

t virginiana L. 'i North America 

pi. 198, 199. 1195 
The Virginian Date Plum, or Persimon. 
Onaiarjhw CSafc«6. 

Variety - - 1196 

3 diildui Pnne€*» Cat. 
Fo re n u m's fwaet Pertimon. 

3. (v.) pub^scens Pvnk. % N. Am. 1196 

Tlie iamrnMrnped Virginian Date Plum. 
D. wirrimSuna wmt. Miehz. 



The ipiked-yfotptffvtf Privet. 
L. ntpalime Wall. 
L. lanceolatum Herb. Lamb. 
L. nepaUme oar. gidbrtim Hook. 

3. li^cidum AU, fig. 1024, 1025. 1201 
The shining-^Avt'd Privet, or Wax Tree, 

VarUty - - - 1201 

2 florib^indum Donald's Cat. 

App. i. Species of LtigiUtrum not yet intro- 



duced, 

L. tin^nte Lour. A China. 

L. iapdnlcam TAiMtft. ft Japan. 

HL Uitifi^him VXtm. 
L. puMscens WaU. A BumMM Empire. 
L. bnwrteolhtuin D. Dom. A Nepal. 

L.JiiMhiln(«*Hainllt. 

FOUitna brarttMta Hcrt>. Lamb. 

II. PHILLY'REA Timm. 

Thb PillLLYHEA. 

Filaria, Fr . 
Steinlinde, Ger. 



- 1202 



1198. 1203 



App. I. Otker Spedts of EbendcMs. 1 1 97 

iNoipfnu angnttimia Lodd, Cat. 
DTStiUf Lodd, Cat. 
D. lildda Lodd. Cat, f North America. 
D. MabMm Boxb. A O WRip Iflanda. 



1. angustifolia L. 



Italy and Spain 

fig. 1025. 1203 

The narrow-leaved Phillyrea. 



P. obRqua Tenore Syll. 
*. mhtia Tenore Fl. Neap. 



. 1204 



Varieties A - 

2 lanceolata Ait. A 

3 rt»sinarinif6Ha AiU A fig. 1026. 

4 hraoliiata Ait. A 



XCVI 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

2. mddiaZ/.A S. Europe fig. 1027. 1204 

The intermediate, or lancc-leaved, Phillyrea. 
P. latifdUa var. i midia Lapeyr. 
P. MguttrifbUa Mill. 
P. kt'vis Tenore Syll. 
P. kHifolia var. a Xigtuirifblia Poll. 

Varieties A - - - 1^204 
2 rlrgi^ta AH. A 
8 6uxi(blia Ait. A 

S. (in.)Aigustrif61ia AiL m S. Europe 1204 
The Privet-leaved Phillyrea. 



4. (m.) p^ndula Ait, m S. of Europe 1204 

Jdia Y WUId. 



Th* drooftiag-AranfAunf Phillyrw. 



5. (m.) oleafolia Ait, « S. of Europe 1204 

Th* OUvc-lMTMl PhUljm. 
P. mtidia 8 Ait. 
P. raamAta link. 

6. latifolia L. m S. Eur. fig. 1028. 1205 

The broad-leaved Phillyrea. 

P. UUif&lia /9 ierrdta Poll. 
P. latJfhUaQ Ten. Fl. Neap. 
P. sptHosa Ten. Syll. 
P. latifolia $ tpind$a Si'g. 

7. (1.) lae^vis Ait. m. South of Europe 

and North of Africa - • 1205 

The tmooth Phillyrea. 

P. latifbUa var. a. WiUd. Sp. 
P. tatjfdlia MIU. Diet. 

8. (1.) obllqua Ait, m South Europe 1205 

Tb« obUqiie4ea««tf PhlllTTM. 

P. latifoHa r Wllld. Bp. 
V.JUiaeea Unk. 
VkiU^rea ii. C/m. 

9. (1.) spinosa MUi, • 8. Euroj)c 1 i!05 
The spiny, or UoUy-Uaved^ Phillyrea. 

^.UicifbUa WiUd. Enuro. 
P. latiMia 6 spinbaa Willd. Sp. 
P. ttUmlia longifbiia Link. 
VkiUfiea i. CUit. 



obi 



Pag* 



tldnoi. 
PtofcoMM. Pr. 

femigfnca iliY. fig. 1033. 
obhqaa ^ir. 
ft«xtf&Uail«. 

Subvarietiet mo$t esteemed in France. 

1. Olivier plcttniu'. 

OVm rrttMfcmdrpAd N. Du H*is. 
8. OUvier k Pniit anrondi. 

lyittt $pik4/riem N. Du Ham. 

5. OUvfer a* Luoqaet. 

OMea mUior htc/mtU N. Du Ham. 
4. f HlTicr k pvtll Fruit rand, JV. Dm Ham. 
d. OUTier de Salon, N. Du Ham. 

6. Olivier amygdalln. 

OUen umt,wddliim. 

7. Olive PIchoOne. 

O'Ua obUngu S. Da Ham. 

PtgnoUhlul. 
O. cse^lu iUI. f lJ 
O. UDctickna L. *lLJ 

O. frkgrms Tkimk. A | | 

O. OBD^nals L. Ail 
O. lMhr</-iMiaMilI. 

Sect. II. Srnj'irosjs a 
IV. SYRrNGA L. a - 

Tub LiLAU. 

Lilac Toum. 
Lilas, Fr. 
Flicder, Ger. 

1. vulgaris Xr. A Persia fig. 1036. 1209 

The common Lilac. 

Lilac PtUgdris Gaertn. 
Pipe Privet^ Pipe Tree. 
Ltias commun, Fr. 
Oemeiner Flieder^ Ger. 



flg. luM. itn 

. flg. 1035. 1«08 
- 190t 

1198. 1208 
1198. 1208 



1098. 
1205 



III. CHIONA'NTHUS L, It m 

Tri Srow-Flowbe, or Fringe Tree. 
GUonanthe^ Fr.* 
Sckneeblume^ Ger. 

1 . virginica L, 5 North America . 

fig. 1029, 1030. 1206 
The Virginian Snow-FTower. 
Snowdrop Tree. Amor. 
Arbe de Neige, Fr. 
Sckneebtume, Ger. 

Varieties m - - 1206 

2 latifolia Catesb. A 

C. 9. montdna Pursh. 
S angustifolia Ait, t!k 

C. tr^fida Moench. 
4 maritima Pur$h. A 

C. maritima Lodd. 

App« I. Half-hardy Uyneous Species of Oled- 
CUB belonyii^ to the Sectittn Oieinee. 1 207 
1l-J i_J ai-J 

{f%m eowwe'a h.f. — I 

O. CfMiler HoffrniinM||K. 
O. «*roM^ cammiimU Alt. 
O. nflr^'trit Mill. 

o. «. iMiv* t «_J_«U. irai. 

O. M#H!« HoHVninngg. 
O. Mnf«^ Michz. 

Sv^var/iT/fW. 

O. •. ■. knrifbUa AM. flg. lOSX. 
Mill. 



Varieties A - . 1209 

1 cffifiilca C?u«. A 
The common blue' I^ilac. 

2 t^iolacea Cur<. A 

The common purple Lilac. 
Scotch Lilac 

3 dlba iit 

The common white Lilac. 

4 Alba major Lodd, Cat, £ 

5 Alba plena A 

S. p/^;ia Lodd. Cat 

6 rubra Zodi/. Co^. A 

7 riibra major ZiOdie/. A 
Other Varieties. 

2. Josikse'a Jacq. A Transylvania 

fig. 1037, 1038. 1201 
Josika's Lilac. 

3. persica L, A Persia fig. 1039. 1211 

The Persian Lilac. 

I^liac minor Monich. 
Lilac pirsica Lam. 
l.iUu de Perae, Fr. 

Varieties b . - - 1211 

2 Alba Lodd. Cat, •& 

The white Persian Lilac. 
.3 laclniata Lodd, Cat. A fig. 1040. 

The cvX'kaved Persian Lilac. 
S. capitata Gmel. 
Lilas d Feuau* de Persil, Fr. 
4 ralvifolia Lodii, Cat. ik 

4. rothoniagensis Renault, A Rouen 

fig. 1041. 1212 
The Rouen Lilac. 
8. dUtia Vera. 

IjilAceuro rotkomagfnse Renault. 
8. midia Dum. Cours. 
LiUu Far/M, N. Du Ham. 
S. chinhuis Willd. 
S. sibirica Hort. 
The Siberian LUac, Hort. 



CONTENTS. 



XCVIl 



121S 



WarietU» A - 
S Lolas Royal, Bom, JartL A 
S saugcdUia Hari. m 

LOas tmigf, Fr. 

f S. coeeGua Lodd. Cat. 

8. dU»AM& rMra Lodd. Cat 



ipp. L j^ieetcf of Syrfnga notf yet intro^ 

duemL - - I'ilS 



lOM. 



y. FONTAKE'S/il LabiU. m f 

TuFowTAimA. 1198. 1213 

I. I^iillymades LabUl. m t Syria 

fig. 1034. 1213 
The PUayre»-llke Foataaesia. 



fsvfciaK' 



FdU. 



- itts 



Scct.IIL Fm.AZivvi'M, t m 1198. 1213 
VL FRAOCINUS Toum. t * 1198. 1213 



Frhte^Tr, 
S$eke,€itr. 

ftrood; muootk or $kinimg on the 
NaUne* qf Europe. 



k. Le^figta 



I. excelsior L, t Europe 

1^.200,201,202. fig. 1044. 1215 
Tbe taller, or cotmmou, Aah. 
F. i^UOa Lam. 
F. roeirdiaQvM. 
F. Cyrma Scop. 
F. erdga Fen. 
F. crinM Bosc 
LeFrine^Fr. 

Aead^, Secke, Ger. and Dutch. 
Ask, Dan. and Swed. 
fraeaimot Ital. 
jFVemo, Span. 
/VW«o,Port. 
J««, JoMt, .Ammh, Raw. 
.£ir. Sax. 

Famfiet !e - - - 1214 
S p^ndula .^t^. pi. 20S. 
The pendnkMU, or we^tfttg. Ash. 
pendula Tar. 2 

3 Kincaimue X 
The iUncairney Ath. 

4 a6rea FTiOci. S 

The golden-fiarAed Ash. 
F. atrea Pen. 

5 adrea p^dala 5F 

6 ciispa S 

F. erispa Bosc. 
F. atroeirem Detf. 

7 jaspidea ITiOd. It 
The strfped-barked Ash. 

9 puipuribcens Deecemet. If 
The DUiple-dari^e'd Ash. 

9 argoitea 7>m/ !lf 
The Mrm^etriped-leaved Ash. 

10 liktea !if 

The yettow-edge4et^ted Ash. 

11 erosa /^«. S 

13 horicontAlis i>««/. It 

The borixontal-6raiMrA^tf Ash. 

13 Temicdsa Deef, It 
TIm wartad-AaricMr Ash. 



14 verrucofli p^ndiUa It 

15 nina XocUL Cat. It 
The dwarf Ash. 

F. e. kiunilu Hort. 

16 fungosa Lodd, Cat, t 
The Aukgous-Aarl»tf Ash. 

17 yerticiUdta ZxnU. Cat, It 
The whorledoiraMd Ash. 

18 yilloaa nova Deaeemet, t 
Other Varieties. 

2. (e.) heteroph^lla Vahl, J Europe 

pi. 204. 1228 
The Tarloai-leayed Ash. 

F. eimplicifdlia WiUd. and Hort. 

F. mmophglia Desf. 

F. e. fi di9er$0Ma Ait. 

F. e. 9ar. i Lam. 

F. e. fi keteroph^Ua Dec. 

F. imtegrifbUa and divereffbUa Hort. 

Variety ... 1239 

2 yariegata fig. 1051. 

3. (e.) angustif6lia Bauh, *i Eur. 1229 

The narrow-leayed Ash. 

Other Sorts of the com raon European Ash 1 229 

B. Leqflete email, emooth or ehifUt^ above. Natives 
qftke South of Surope, tk* North qf 4Mca, or 
the West qf Asia. 

4. (e.) parvif61ia WUld, t South of 

Europe, North of Africa, West of 

Asia pi. 205. fig. 1052. 1229 

The imall-leaved Ash. 

5. (e.p.) arg^ntea Iahs, S South of 

Europe, North of Africa, and West 

of Asia - • - 1230 

The sUyery-faav^ii Ash. 

6. (e.p.) oxyc&rpa WUld, X South of 

Europe, North of Africa, and West 

of Aaa - - fig. 1053. 1230 
The sharp-fhiited Ash. 
F. oxuph^Ua Bleb. 
F. iymus Fall. 

7. (e.) pdllida Bote, 1 South of Europe, 

N. of Afirica, and W. of Asia 1230 
The pale>Aar/^«(l Ash. 

8. /entiscifolia Derf. S South of Europe, 

North of Africa, and West of Asia 

pi. 206. fig. 1054. 1231 
The Lentiscus-Ieaved Ash. 
F. tamariscifblia Vahl. 
F. parvifiMa Lam. 
F. alepphuis Pluk. 

Variety - - - 1231 

2 pendula 

C. leaves and Lee^flets large, glaueons and dotn^ 
beneath. Natives exchuivefy qf North America. 

9. americana WUld, It North America 

pi. 207. fig. 1065. 1232 
The American Ash. 

F. acummkta Lam. 

F. dUcolor Muhl. 

White Ash, Green Ash, Amer. 

Variety It - - - 1232 
2 latifolia ¥ 

1 



XCVlil 



CONTENTS. 



10. (a.) pub^cens Walt, t N. America 

fig. 1056. 1232, 1233 
The downy Ash. 

F. nigra Du Roi. 

F. tomenibta Michx. 

Red Ask^ Biaek Ash, Amer. 

Varieties * - - - 12SS 

2 longifolia WtBd. !^ 

F. pemuylvdnica ICarsh. 

3 latifolia WUld, It 

4 subpub^scens Pen. 1 

? F. tubvittdta Boic. 

11. (a.) ^ambueifolia Vahl. It N. America 

fig. 1057, 1058. 1234 
The Elder-leared Ash. 
F. n^a Mcench. 
F. enspa Hort. 
Black Ask, Water Ask, Amer. 

Variety 3£ - - - 1234 

2 cfispa Lodd, Cat. £ 

12. (a.) quadrangulata Michx. 1 North 

America - fig. 1059, 1060. 1235 
The qoadrangular-frroMcArd Ash. 
F. tetrag&na Cels. 
F. quatn-anguUtris Lodd. Cat. 
Blue Ask, Amer. 

Variety 3C - - - 1235 

2 nervosa Lodd, Catt. It 

13. (a.) juglandifdlia Z^m. IE N. America 

pi. 208. f. 1061, 1062. 1232. 1236 
The Walnut-leaved Ash. 
F. viridis Michx. 
F. edneolor Miihl. 
Tke green Ask, Amer. 
Western black Ask, Pursb. 

Variety 5 - - - 1236 
2 subint^rrima VahL ¥ 

T.iugland(fblia fi stduerrdta 

F. carolfnidna Wangrenh. 
F. Nhvm-A'ngliw and F. coro/r- 
ntdma MIU. Diet. 

14. (a.) carolini^na Lam, t N. America 

1232. 1237 
The Carolina Ash. 
F. exdlsior Walt. 
F. serratffhlta Michx. 
F. kmcecidta Borkh. 

15. (a.) epfptera Vahl, t N. America 

pi. 209. fig. 1232. 1237. 
The wlng-toppeo-MVifrd, *fr two-cokmred. Ash. 
F. canadensis Gsertn. 
F. Idiscea Bosc. 

16. (a.) platyc&rpa VaJd, *t N. America 

fig. 1063, 1064. 1238 
The broad-fhiited Asli. 
F. earoUnidtna Cateeb. 
Tke Carolina Ask, Amer. 

17. (a.) exp&nsa Willd, X N. Am. 1238 

The expanded Ash. 

F. aroUnidna Hort. Worllts. 

18. (a.) mixta Bosc If N. America 1238 

Th* mliad Aiiu 

19. (a.) pulverul^nta Bote. It N. Am. 1238 
90. (a.) rubic6nda Bosc £ N. Amer. 1239 

TiM i«d(Uih.4wfa«rf Aih. 

81. (a.) longifolia Bosc. !K! N. Amer. 1239 



Pail* 

22. (a.) viridis Bosc. * N. Amer. 1239 
The green Ash. 

23. (a.) cinerea Bosc, N. America 1239 

The grey Ash. 

24. (a.) &iba Bosc. It N.America 1239 

The white Aih. 

? P. ear^UmiiMa dtba, 

? P. amtrieAna Mba var., 

? P. am. ma qffUia Hort. Soc. Uud. 

25. (a.) Rich&rdi Bosc. It N. Am. 1239 

Richard's Atb. 

26. (a.) ovata Bosc. t N. America 1239 

The ovate-Z^atwd Ash. 

27. (a.) nigra Bosc. 3f N. America 1239 
The bladi Ash. 

28. (a.) elMprica Bosc. * N. Amer. 1240 

Thee 



elUpnc-leaped Ash. 
29. (a. ) fiisca Bosc. It 

The tiKowtk-hramehtd Aah. 



N. America 1240 



30. (a.) rikfa Bosc. 1 North America 1240 

The tutauM' h at nd Aah. 

31. (a.) panndsa Vent, et Bosc. 5* North 

America - - pi. 210. 1240 

The doth-Uke-i^tfv^ Ash. 

32. B69cit G. Don. It N. America 1240 

Botc^Aih. 

P. mkna BoK» not of Wllld. 



33. (a.) polemoniifolia Poir. fl 

America - - • 

The Greek- Valerian-leaved Ash. 
F. ndna Desf. 
F. ndna (appendieuldta) Pers. 

34. (a.) triptera Nutt. £ 

The thrte-wtogwJ-^eMirf AA. 

35. chin^nsis Roxb. 'It N. 

The China A«h. 

36. Sehiedcaita Schlecbt. !^ N. Amer. 1241 

BchiedeM Aah. 

PaCkn diMa Katm. ct Scholl. 



North 
- 1240 



N. Amer. 1240 
America 1240 



1198. 1241 



VII. O'RNUS Pers, It 

Thb Flowbring AlH. 

Frdxinus so. of the older authors. 
Le Frtne i Fleurs, Fr. 
Die hUUunde Escke, Ger. 
Oren, Hebrew. 
Oreini Melia, Greek. 

1. europseHi Pers, 2 South of Europe 

pi. 21 1,212. 1241 

The European Flowering, or Manna, Ash. 
F. <ymus L. 

F. (ymus and F. paniculdta Mill. Diet. 
Y.fiorifera Scop. 
F hotryffides Mor. 
F. vulgMor Segn. 

Varieties - - - 1241 
rotund ifolia. 

O. rotmndifblia. 
americina. 

O. americAna. 
globiiera Lodd. 

2. (e.) rotundifdlia Pers, S Calabria 

fig. 1069. 1244 
The round-leafleted Flowering Ash. 
Frdximu rotundifblia Alt. 
F. nsawHiiera tiof^. 



CONTKNITS. 



XCIX 



1 (e.) ttmericana Ihtrsh, i. N. America 

fig. 1070. 1244 

Tte American Flowvrint Aflh. 
? F. atmericikta L. 
F. CrMw* americAma Lodd. 

1 ioribiiiida G, Dim. S Nepal 

fig. 1072. 1245 
TV* ijwwlant-flowered Flowering Ash. 
trdgimuaJloriMMta D. Don. 

5. Urittta Swt. ¥ . . . . 1846 



<App. L Hardjf Specie* of O'mtu nof ye^ 
hUrodmoed, - - 1246 





Watt. 



jr«0rcnt/IUtiM WM. 



iMiiij>vrfti w«n. 
App. ii. Alphabetieai List of the Sorti of 
fraxinms OMd iYrHUM in the Arboretum of 
Moan. LoddigeSf and in the Horticultural 
Societ^f'* Garden^ with their Namea reftrred 
t» the dijfferemt Spedee to which they are 
toheUmg. ... 1246 



Afip. iiL List of the Sorts of Fr&xiuus and 
(frmMS in the Arboretum ofMessre.Loddiges, 
and in the Chiswieh Garden, arranged aL 
pkaheticalbf under the difftrent Species to 
which thejf are presumed to belong, - 1247 



Jatminace(B. 

• • •i-l •— J ILL 
L /ASMFNUM Forskoel. M 

A-J ± L i.uJ . 

TmmJAnmn. 

Mongbriom Lam. 



1248 



- 1248 



Jaemin, Fr. and Oer. 
Sekasnun, Ger. 
GttnmUne^ Ital. 
JoBNitw. Span. 

1. fruticans L. a South of Europe and 

the Levant - - fig. 1073. 1248 

Tha i|Hlf-pirodncing, or ikruUy^ Jannine. 
inkOeroph^Umm Hoench. 

Variety - - - 1248 

fl. s^nd-pldno. 

2. humile L. « Madeira fig. 1074. 1249 

Tbe tramble, or Italian yellow^ Jasmine. 

3. heteroph^llum i2<Mr6. *i— I Nepal 

fig. 1075. 1249 
Tha varioos-laared Jasmine. 

J. arbdreum Hamilt. MSS. 
Goqfee, Jamanat in Nefwl. 

4. reToltktum Ker. a — i Hindostan and 

Nepal - - - fig. 1076. 1249 
Tha rarolote-^loiMml Jasmine. 
J. diurytdnikemum Roxb. 
JTie hepml yellow Jasmine. 

L (r.) pubfgenim V, Don. * ^ Nepal 

fig. 1077. 1250 
Tha 4owiqr Nepal Jasmine. 
J. IValUeklinwn Lindl. 
CN ma U §w a, Napalese. 



6. officinale L. 1 L Asia fig. 1078. 1250 
The ofBdnal, or common. Jasmine. 

Farietieg 1 L . . 1850 

2 foliis arg^nteis Lodd. Catt. A L 

3 foliis aiireia Lodd. Catt. 1 L 

4 floribus pldnis Hort. JL i_ 

App. i. Hardy Specie* of Jcumlnum not yet 

introduced. . . 1853 

J. •drcum D. Don, NcmI. 

J. iwnrteuiD Lour. Cocbln-ChliMi 

App. ii. Half-hardy Species of Jasminum. 

1254 

J. odontfHlmun L. 1 |_J Madeiia. 
Tkt Jaamhtt ^Ooa. 

J, ftla6cam VaU. * i_J Cap* of Good Hopt. 

J. udricum KoM. A_ i_J Ataim and Madaixa. 



i. %, 1254 
- 1254 



ApocymU:eiB. • l 
L KI'NCAI,.*. - 

Thk Fbriwinklb. 

Fervinca Tourn. 
La Pervmcke, Fr. 
SunngrUn, Ger. 

1. major i^.iw Britain f. 1082, 1083. 1254 

The greater Periwinkle. 
Vinca media DeUle. 
Tervinca mi(for Scop. 

Variety %, - - - 1854 

2 variegata Hort. $„ 

2.m]noTL.tn Europe fig. 1084. 1256 

The less Periwinkle. 

Pervinca minor Scop. 
Fervtnca vulgaris Park. 
CUmatis dapknoUlet Dodon. 

Varieties X, ... 1256 

2 foliis arg^nteis Lodd. Cat. j^ 

3 foliis aiireis Lodd. Cat. ff^ 

4 flore ^bo Lodd. Cat. U 

5 flore pUno Lodd. Cat. JW 

6 flore punlceo Lodd. Cat. j)^ 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneous Plants bdonging 
to the Order Apocyndcea. - 1256 

Gelsermum nitidum Michx. L N. America 

fig. 1085. 

BigndniA tempervlrens L. 
Nhitam Olctfndcar L. *lJ S. of Flanccai Rpaln f. 10(i6. ItS 



AsclepiadkcesR, J $.i_j 1257 
I. PERrPLOCA L. ^ ^ - 1257 

Thb Periploca. 

PcHphca, Fr. 
Schlinge, Ger, 

1. grsB^ca L. -I South of France and of 

Bithynia - fig. 1087, 1088. 1257 
The Greek Periploca. 

P. maculata Momch. 

2. angustifolia La6t2f. .^ Tunis f. 1089. 1258 

Tha nanow.lcavad pffrtpinex. 
P. rUiidm ViT. 
P. Immigitm Vahi; 

12 



CONTENTS. 



Htdf-hardy Speciu of Periploca. 



Pa«e 

. ISM 



- 1S58 



Biffnonihcesd. 1258 

I. BIGNO N/^ Tourn. 1 • 1258 

Tbb TmcMPBT FLowsm. 

B^ni>§da ma. L. and others. 
Signone, Fr. 
T^rou^tetenblumef Qer. 

1. capreolata X. 1 N.Am. f. 1090. 1259 
Thetendriled Blgnonia. 



1 l-J i. D 
- 1258, 1259 




IL TE'COMA JusB. J 
Li-J i.^ . 
Thb Tbcoma. 

Bigndi^ tp. L. and othen. 

1. radJcans Jt«*. 1 Carolina f. 1091. 1259 
The Tooi\ng-braneked Tecoma. 

Bignimlk ratOcams L. 
J^MTM^la radioans mdior Hort. 
Gelsdmiom CUmaUi Barrel. 
BigndniM, traxinifma Catesb. 
Jatmin de Firginie, Fr. 
Wwxeln j^piomia, Oer. 
Ettchenbldttrige Bigmmia^ Dutch. 

Variety 1 - - - 1259 
2 mijor JTorf. X 

2. gran(lifl6ra 5tctf. 1 i-J China and Japan 

fig. 1092. 1260 
The groat-flowered Tecoma. 

' \grandifl6raTh}XB!b. 
la ckinHuit Lam. 
Kaempf. 
IncahtUia^grandiflhra Spreng. 
TiMgJwm-j«t Chinese. 

App. i. Half-hardy Speciet of Biynbnia and 

Tecoma. . - 1261 

ttgnftnte eraeffecra FhM. i_ O VlifiiiU. 

r*MfM «iiMriait K. Br. i l_J New HoIUimI. Hg. 1098. 

r. CttrfmULteA. i^ CaptorOoodHopt. fig. 1004. 

III. CATA'LPA JuR8. * - 1258. 1261 
Thb Catalpa. 

B^fndtdk tp. of L. and others. 
Btgmme Catalpa, Fr. 
Gemeine TrcmpetefMunUt Gor. 

1 . «yrmg<pf61ia 5tffu. 1^ North America 

pl.213, 214. 1261 
The lAlnc-Uke Irared Catalpa. 
BigninAtL CatiiliiA tin. 
Catilpa Mrmmidldes WaU. 
C. cordifoiia Nut. 
BoiM Shavanon^ Catalpa de FAmMque^ 

Fr. 
Trompeten'btmm^ Ger. 
Cata^fthdoom, Dutch. 

App. I. Of the half-hardy Uyneous I^anis of 
the Order Biynon'ikcem. • 126S 

BoeraBMcAmtt lan|M6nM Hmmb. i_ i_J P«ra. flff. 10815. 
B. vtrtil* Jt. <« P. Peru. 

CaMw ylhMirtymP . Dm. 1 I flui. 1096, 1097. 

Mutmtot^frftu tcvotr n. ct P. 



Cobce^'a iciiid«M Cam. i_ lAJ flg. 1096. 



1264 



I 

•J 



Convolvtildce(B.'n.i^ jt t.^_j 1364 

ConTiflTuliu DarfcBiuin I.. Jt Levant, fig. 1100. 
C. Chc6rum L. tLi_J 8|Mia, a^. fig. 1099. 
C. «cop4riiu L. ft«i I I Canaviet. 
C. fldridot X>. )U i_J Caoaztoa. 



3araffindce(B. 



1265 



Lithoaptenram fraUotenin I.. JS 8. of Borope. 
L. frnUoAmm mi^aa Lehm. Naplec fig. 1101. 
L. i9§wi a r b ^fUiiim Tenora. 

L. proatrktmn LoU. f^ Prano*. 
£>chhim gigant^am !» A i__J Canaiiea. 
ir.c4ndkaiui.*|_J ]liad«lra. fig. llOt. 
HcUotrikplam pcruTfAnum L. &«. i_J Peru. 
A. p. hybrtdnm tt. i^ Hybrid. 
A. 0(a7inb6f«iB M.tlP.1L, \^ Pan. 



Cor^fiaceae, 



1265 



EbrHlaMnriitaJtai«.*0 E. lodla and China, fig. 1103. 



±CD • ftl-J 






iiO II 



1266 
1 ICD 

J •—! 
- 12G6 



I. 50LA^NUM Piiny. 

S L-J - 

Tub NiGHTsnADB. 

Melongtaa Tbsmi. 
Ptekdo-Cdpeicmn Moench. 
Ifyctkrium Vent. 
AaudrA». Jacq. 
MoreUe^ Fr. 
NackUchatien, Ger. 

1. Dulcam^i^. 1 Britain f. 1104. 1266 

The Bitter-sweet, or woody^ Nightshade. 
S. $e6nden$ Neck. 
Dulewnhra flexubta Morach. 
S. tcdndem teu Dulcamdra Tourn. 
Amdra dulcit Gerard. 
Daidt AnUkra Trag. 
QfycOpicros sew JhUeamitra Bauh. 
La MoreUe grhnpanie Renault. 

Varietiet _| - - - 1267 

1 oioUcea Hort. X 

2 4]ba i:. 1 

3 c&mea Cdt. X 

4 plena 7>>tcnt. X 

3 ▼aricgita Mu$U. X 

6 hirsikta Don't Mill X 

7 rup^tris Schmidt. X 

2. suffniticdsum Schotub. A lJ Barbary 1 267 

TiM aafflmtiooM Nlgktahad*. 



3. crispum R, ^ S. * 
The curled-lMvrif Solanum. 

4. bonari^nae Z/. m-J 



i.-J Chiloe 
fig. 1105. 1267. 



Buenos Ayres 

fig. 1 106. 126S 
The Buenos Ayres Nightstiade. 



CONTENTS. 



CI 



A^ i Ma^-hardif Ugneout or finUicoM Spe- 
cie* of Soldnum. . 1S68 

fcta^BtfUiilDaaal. AlJ 8. Amcsics. 

A ■v^aea A. tf «. A O Lima. 

•.■■VliiAnB IT. A|_J iUHcm. 

f r tl ^ii^ ft. 1 Madainu 

taritaHaBl.At_J Aftie*. 
l.%taataiM X>eM. A ^ ChUL fiff. 1107. 

n. LY'CrUM £. A 1 Je 1266. 1269 

Tbb Box Thobn. 

J aamim &da Nlu. 

imStrhfHOnjf VittCf aXUHtm 

Adtsdom, Get. 

1. eorope^um L, Jt South of Europe 

fig. 1108. 1269. 
Tha Eoropean Box Thorn. 
L. MiiarMtaw Min. 
Jammim^aa acMledtmm MMoi, 

VarietUMl - •. 1270 

Fnih 3fe]low X 

Fruit itnindish X 

S. (e.) b&rbanim L, X S. of Europe, &c. 

TbeBartnrrBox Tliom. 
I^ lMMn|r<iMMi BliU. 
L. MrAonnn • niJErdrr Ait. 
ne DvAe <if Ar^Wi Tea Tret. 

1 (e.) chineose 3fi//. ^ X China 

fig. 1110, nil. 1271 

The Cbbieie Box Thorn. 

L. bdrharum fi dUmSnte Ait. 
!». MrAannn Lour. 
L. 0«dfMi N. Du Ham. 



4. (e.) TrewiaiiiiiiiG.Don.l China 1271 

Trev** Box Thorn. 

L. b drbarum Lam. 

L.. dMs^hMT N. Da Ham. 

5. (e.) ruth^nicum Murr. X Siberia 

fig. 1112. 1271 
The HoMian Box Thorn. 
Is, tatdrieum Pall. 
L^eiem de la Rmtie^ Ft. 

FanetyX - - 1272 

2 c^icum PalL 

6. (c) lanoeolitam Potr. X S. Europe 1272 

Tte liBCMlai»4Mwtf Bos Tboia. 

7. (e.) turinn^tum Du Ham. X China 

fig. 1115. 1272 

■MBMe^fhrftoi Bo> Thora. 
JL. haKMJ/kiltMii MIIL 



8. (?e.) tctriUulrum 7%vii6. X Cape of 
Good Hope • - - 1272 

%^mt f d Bo« Thorn. 



% (?c.) ShAwt Rom. X Barbary . 1273 

ni Box ^%om» 
L.Mr»M>wtMffl. 



10. afirum L. m Spain f. 1 1 14, 1 1 15. 1273 

Tha African Box Thorn. 

in. CRABCy WSK/ii Schlecht. X i-J 

1266. 1273 

Tu CXABOWaXIA. 



1. boerhaavitr/o/ia Schlecht. X i^ South 
of Brazil - fig. 1116. 1274 

The BoerhaaTia-laared Crabowskla. 
"LOcium fto^Aaaviaef&lium L. 
EhriAA YuOimifbUa L'H^rit. 
L^ci'tcm heteroph^ttmm Murr. 
JtuminSidr* tpindsnm Da Ham. 
Lycmm paftictUi, Fr. 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneout PlantM beJonging 
to the Order Solandce4B, . 1274 

NletXttiia gimca Grdk. A ^ BaenmAytm. flg. 1118. 

Brnfmiiufa niwuine* H. «« P. £ O flg- 1117. 
B. Msnfor Pen. 

B. ■oa jMwM iTf/M. t O Pcra. flg. lltO. 

DitturA arbdrta Holt. ^^ 

SoUndra gnndlfl6ra L. 1_ CD Jamaica. 

Cfatmm nocUkniam I,. A O E. India*, fig. 1119. 

C. Pdriui L. *0 Chili, fig. 11«S. 

Virtia fteiSldas WiUd. 3* l) Chill, fig. lltl. 
Cantna iviMlfVbtta JuM. 



1276 



L BU'DDhEA L. 

Thi Buddlxa. 



Scrophulariace(B. 

»□ lli_J «._! tLJ 

a alj 



1276 



1. ^ob6sa Z.. A Chili f. 1123, 1124. 1276 
The globe-il<H/vr<^ Buddlea. 
i?. globifldra N. Do Ham. 
J7. eapiUkta Jacq. 
P&lquin Frtff'Wtf //. 
Buddleia globuleux, Fr. 
K(^ragende BueU^, Get. 

App. i. Half-hardy Specie* of Buddies. 1277 



L^rrann 4p. L. 



L'Hcrit. 



B.mlTif6liaLaM. AO C. O. H. 

RpanlculkUFTari. AO Nepal. 
B. mUgna Wtttd. A l_J CO. H. 

B. cflipa RajfU. Hlmalaaras. 

App. I. Half-hardy Kgneoue FtanU of the 
Order Scrophularidcea. - 1277 

HaUArialiuddaL. A| | C. G. H. fig. Ilt5. 

Manr4ndjr« le iupwIW uani Jme^. ^ i I Maxico. 
M. BaiclayAM Bot. Rck. L L-J Mexico. 

innnilQ*^utln6nu vrVM. Af | California. 

Anthoc«rdaTtM6wA. Br. Al^ Vev HoUmd. 
Caloaolkria intcgrtfblia I. «L | Chili. 

C. rugtea Ft. Per. tL ^ ChiU. 
C.nAunit Sort, n.^ flgi.ll«7,llM. 

Vh^mka dacnMkU AU. tt. | PalUimd Uandk flga. 1129.11 JO. 

C€MalaaakUJacq.n. | fic. 1226. 

Capriuria lancMUua L. Ail O. Q. H. 

Ji^wlraU taiieirUia BoT. Ma;;. 
Atonaba R. et P. 
Anvt/bmta H. B. et Kunth. 
Lophotpirmiun Don. 
Rhodochiton Zmcc. 
Nyctarlnia D, Dm. 



LabidcecB. 



tL fL 



1278 

Salureja montana L. n- South of Europe 

fig. 1131. 1278 

S. capitata WUid. n. Levant - 1278 

TTiymus vulgaris L. «- South of Europe 

fig. 1132. 1278 

T. Mastichina L,n.-J Spain 1278 

T . grandifidruM Hort. 



Cll 



CONTENTS. 



Hyasdpuu officinMis L. «- S. of Europe 

fig. 1133. 1278 
T^Ucnum angustifblium Schreb. «■ Spain 

1279 
T, fruticans Xr. * ^ Spain 

fig. II35, 1136. 1279 
T, iff arum Z/. «■— I South of Europe 

fig. 1 134. 1279 
T. flfivum Ir. «• — J South of Europe 1279 
T, Polium Ir. «.-J S. of Europe 1279 
T. corymbosum R, Br. ft — I Van Die- 
men's Land - - - 1279 
Phlomis fruticosalr.* Spain f. 1137. 1279 
P. purpurea Sm, ft South of Europe 

fig. 1138. 1279 
iZosmarinus officinMis L. m South of 
Europe - - fig. 1139. 1279 
iS^kchys fruticuldsa^ied. «. Caucasus 1281 
iS^. stenophyila Spr, s. Spain - 1281 
S. palestina L. «. Syria - - 1281 

8, lavandulaefdlia Pert. «■ Levant 1281 
Lavandula Splca L. «. South of Europe 

fig. 1140. 1281 
L. latifbiia £'^r;&. tt. S. of Europe 1281 
i'i'cynos eraveolens Link. «■ Crimea 1282 
A. rotundifblia Pert. & Spain • 1282 
Gardoqula Hooken* Benth. ?tt.^ South 
Carolina - - - - 1282 

Westrlngia rosmarinif6rmis iSim. alJ New 
South Wales - - - - 1282 
iSiilvia officinalis L. «. South of Europe 

fig. 1141. 1282 
var. Leaves variegated it. 

Whole plant of a reddish hue s. 
Leaves larger than those of the 
species & fig. 1148 

S. Hablitziamz L. Jt Siberia f. 1 143. 1283 
S. pomlfera L. «. Candia fig. 1 144. 1283 

S. erMea JinUdeen* pom^era Tourn. 

Audib^rtia inckna Benth. n. CoJombia 

fig. 1145. 1283 

App. I. Haif'hardy ligneous or tuffnUicote 
Speciet of Lahidcea. - 1283 

LsTiwlalA Ao'^ehai I» tt. __J B. of Earope. fig. 1 U9. 

L. (Untlkta L. tt. i Spain. Ak. 114fi. 

L. pinnku Bot. MofC' *>- I MmMtb. flg. 1147. 

L. vMdto L'A4V«. tt. I Madeira. 

Fleem(nthtuft«Uo6«M L'H^rii. tLi_J C. G. H. fig. 1148. 
SIdflAtb ctfadlcau ilit. * ^ Madeira. 

L«0Q6ds LMB6nu A. Br. * \ CO. H. 

Vkkmia Uomitnu L. 

SplUlMl* ownpuralku Btmik, tL | | ChiU. fig. 1 151 . 

s: UndltTi Bcntb. Valpuvlao. 

Draeoo^phahun cannMow Com. tl |_J Canaiiaa. 
Slflvla qptiadou Ker. M. Amarica. 

a.fbniitaafPUtf. ill_J 8. America. 
9, fiUgaa C«*. S. AoMtlca. 

SLaribamlBaBth.^Lj 8. Aniarica. flg. 1131. 
a. AmamdrjtMm Car. tt. i^ Mexico. 
M,mtMmL.n.i^ CO. H. 

I mi^ L. tt. __J Spain. 

MnlaattethoiLfld. *uJ N. 8. Walak 



VerhendcecB. 1285 

• ^-j ^a •i.j 

L riTEX L. • ii,_| - - 1285 

Thb Cuastb Trbb. 

GatiUer, Tt. 
Kensdtbaum, Ger. 

1. ^nusc&stus L. A Sicily f. 1152. 1285 

Ttie officinal, or tme^ Chaste Tree. 
EUdgnum TheophrdsA Lob. 
K'gntu ctUtus Blackw. 
Arbreau PoHnre^ Poivre $au9ag€t Fr. 

Variety • . - . 1286 

2latifdh'a MOL « South of France 

and Italy. 



App. i. Half-hardy Species of Vltex. 1286 

inclu Lam. A il China. 
V. Neg4ndo Bot. Mag. 



App. I. Half-hardy Plants of the Order 
Yerbendcea, - - 1286 

Claradfodrninlntnna A. Br. A CD B. Indlaa. fis. 1153. 

VolkmmM^ tm/hnU L. ^ 

C. ipecJMJiaimmn Paxtom ? A i I f Japab. 
Dnninui cjkom Sort. A i_J 8. Amarica. 

Alo^sia citriod6ra Or. a _j Chili 

fig. 1154. 1286 

Yerbhta triph^Ua L'H^rit. 
UppiA cUrtodora Kunth. 



MyopdrifUB. 



1287 



Mytfparam panrUbllnm A. Jlr. * |_J Now UoUaad. 
M. oppoaiUfblinm A. Br. A i_J New HoUaid. 
M. dlfRMun A. Br. * \^ New HcOand. 
M. adKifadana A. Br. * i_J N«w HoUand. 



GIobuIaridcecB, "-lJ 1287 

Globul^ria longif61ia L. tt. l.j Madeira 

fig. 1155. 1287 



G. tattema Lam. 



G. Alypumlr. tt.Lj S. of Europe 1287 
var. integrifolium tt. lJ 



Plumbaffindce(B. 1287 



m4tloemonop«uUX»tt.|_J Sicilj. 

iy.suflYutlo6iiaL.tt. I SttMTla. 

l>liiinbi«ocap4nta2«wiA. a.i_J Caps of tioed Hop*. 



ChenopodidcecB. 



L CHENOPO'DIUM Z. • tt. 

Thb OoosBFooT. 

SoikdtoSp. 
ilfMcrme, Fr. 
Gamse Am, Ger. 



1287 
1888 



CONTENTS. 



cm 



Pag* 

L frudcdsum ScArad. * England 

fig. 1156. 1157. 1288 
Tke ihtubbf GooMfoot, or Stomeerop Tree, 
SalaUaflrtaticdtaL. 



akrmbbp Olatswcrt. 
UenAri 



frbre, Fr. 
Sirmmekmliges Snbkrami, Oer. 

Caucasus 



8. pamfoliam R. et S, ibl 



1289 




Bleb. Smn». to Fl. Ti 

BieUCan. 

" Pan. 



S. of Europe 1289 



IL J'TRIPLEX L. m %. 1288, 1289 
Tm 



S. bortcDie /{. ei S» 1^ 

iGowant. 

lAMMuitFonk. 
Poir. 



J. HkUmw L. * Spain fi^. 1158. 1289 

Tbe BaUmas Orache, or Tree Purslane. 

tLdtimut laiifbihu sive firuticbnu Bauh. 

Bdiimms i. Clas. 

ne h ro a d - ieap ed Sea Purtkme Tree. 

Arrodke, Fr. 

Sirmmckmrtige MeUe, Ger. 

1 MrtalaccSdes L, ft. Britain f. 1 159. 1290 

Th* Pnnlane-Uke, or shrubby, Orache, or Sea 



Hdlimtu teetmduM Clos. 

BaUmnu wmlgiLris Ger. Emac 

HaUmnu teu Poriulica marina Banh. 

A. marittina. 

'BdUmmset VorhUdeamarhta dicta angus- 

t^bKaRaj. 
T%e narrow'teaved Sea Purslane Tree. 

HL DIOTIS Sckreb. m 1288. 1290 

TbsDiotu. 

CeratSide$ Toam. 
AfMfrisl.. 
Cermteepirmmn Pen. 

1. Ceratc^des fT. m Siberia f. 1160. 1291 

Tha teo-hoTDed-csAfjrAf Diotis. 
A'Mfria CerakHdes h^ 
Ceralospfmtmm panvdsum Pert. 
Jf*frufrMiio6»ayfiorilmsSeBn»kneis landtis 

Aekarimthes pappbsa Fortk. 
Krtufh rm'ww tiWiri n GnUdenst. 
VrHeaJbiUs bmceoUUu, fceminknishirsUta, 

Bof. 
CeratSUet orieniiUs ftmticdsa eUeagni 
Jblio Toum. 

Doppelokr^Ger. 



App. L Half 'hardy Impedes of Chenopodiacea, 

1291 

I~*t-(_| Spain. 

Fonc 
M py ifcU i Sd^ .jjk lJ SoalliofEttroiw. 

Fii ■■■<!■■ L. ^L-l Canaatca. 

SdUb. flt.| I South of Europe. 




Volyg(fndce<B. 

I M tt.1^ f je ft. 



1292 



L TRAGOPY^RUM Bieb. Jt -* ft. 1292 

Tn G0i4T WilBlT. 

PflJ^f owii i L. 



Pact 

1. lanceolAtum Bieb,iuja^ Siberia 

fig. 1161. 1292 

The lanceoIate-Z^ovof Goat Wheat. 
Volygonum/ruidscens 'Willd. 
Strauchartiger Knoterig, Ger. 

2. ^uxifblium Bieb. Jt Siberia f. 1 162. 1293 

The Box-leared Goat Wheat. 

Volfgonum crispulum var. m Sixni. 
P. cancdsicum Hoiftnantegg. 

S. polygamum Spr. m Carolina f. 1163. 1293 

The po)Tnmoiu-«»r<f OoM Wheat. 
Vnl^anwn potjfgmnum Vent. 
P. jMrvi/iiManNutt. 

T. pdngcns Bitb. 
T. Kladcruin Spr. 
T. graadifldruni fite6. 



1292. 1294 



II. i^TRAPHA'XIS L, 

Thb AraAPHAZis. 

1. spinosa i^. ^ Levant fig. 1164. 1294 

The spine-brancAed Atrai)haxis. 

A'tripiex orientdlit^Jtiitex aentedtus^ fibre 
pmchro Tourn. 

2. unduUta L. jm Cape of Good Hope 1295 

The wuy9A-Uaved Atraphazlt. 



1292. 1295 



III. CALLFGONUM L. i 

Taa CxLLtoonvu. 
PaUat\A L. 
Ptfnmkcttf PalL 

1. Pallasia L*H^rit A Caspian Sea 

figs. 1165, 1166. 1295 

Pallaa** CalMgoniun. 

Ptrroeiioeut apk^tu TM. Voy. 
CalHpmum polm<imlkdf Pall. Itla. 
PaUAiU eJ*pica L. 
PalUUit Ptertaiettu Pall. Fl. RoH. 
C<upj«cAcr AacJemlmog/'. 



C. ooin6enin UB^rn. 
C. P4aderi L'H«rit. 



1199 
IttUS 



App. I. Half-hardy Speciei of Vdygonaceee* 

1296 

Bmaniehte clxrfa^aa Gttrtn. 1_ i I Carolina. 
Jt<kmes Lunkria L. tt.i_J Canartao. fif|. 1167. 
JNtiygoniiin adpr^MMin Jl. Br. tt. \__\ Van Diemen't Land. 



\Murdce<B. !if f 1 lJ 



1296 
1296 



I. LAU'RUS Plm. 

Thb Laurbl, or Bay, Tree. 

Sassafras and Benxbin, C. G. Von 

Esenbeck. 
Daphnit Greek. 

A. Plants evergreen i hardy. 

1. n6bilis L. • f S. Europe pi. 215. 1297 

The noble Laurel, or Sweet Bay. 
haunts Camer. 
L. m^bris Bauh. 
Laurier eommun^ Laurier franc^ Laurier 

d'Apollon, Laurier A sauce, Fr. 
Genuine Lorbeer, Ger. 

Varietiet • - - 1297 

2 unduUta MiU, m 

3 «alicif61ia Swt. * 

L. n. angust(/blia Lodd. Cat 

4 variegata Swt. A 

L. n.fbl. var. Lodd. Cat. 

5 latifolia Mitt, m 

6 crispa Lodd. Cat. * 

7 fldre pidno N. du Ham, ii 



CIV 



CONTENTS, 



B. Plimii nergrceu ; ha^-hardif. 

2. carolin/^nsis Catesb, % North America 

fig. 1168, 1169. 1299 
* ' Tbe OaroliiiA Laurel, or lUd Baif. 
!«• BoffAwiM I^» tpm 
L. euiUdri* Lam. 
AirfttolB sp. Plum. 
Tirieo Borhdm\M^ Spretig, 
The broadr-Utned CaroUna Bay. 
LauHer rouge, Laurier Bourbomt Isouricr 

de Caroline, Fr. 
CaroUnUeker Lorbeer, Bother Lorbeer, 

Ger. 

VarieH-l - - 1299 

2 glabra Purth, 1 

3 pubdseens Punk, f 

4 obtikaa Pwh, 1 

3. Catesbt^na Miebz. m Georgia - I3CX) 

Catcrtiy'a LaartL 

4. j^gregBta '(S'tMU. * Cbina f. 1170. 1800 

Th«KTOopcd>| 

1301 



I (Toopcd>fl»iMr«il LmuvI. 

L. fis'tms Ait. $ l_J Maddn. 

L. maMrHuU lAxa. 

ViruafmHmi Bpreng. 
L. Jr^TTlM Lour. ChiM 



1301 
1301 



C. Leave* duidmont* 

5. Sastajreu L. S North America 

pi. 216, 217. 1301 

Tha Saiiafras Laurel, or Sauttfraa Tree, 
' ' 06rmumds odardta^Joho trifido, margine 

pUmo, SasMqfroi dieta, Pluk. 
SauttfroM arbor, ea Florida, Jkulneo folio, 

Saudi. 
S&Maflraa 9. 0. G. Neea Voo Etenbeck. 
V^rsea S&»Mflras Sprengs 
jAiMTier 8a$u^a*, Fr. 
8a$8t^a§ Lorheer, Gtr. 

VarUHf S - - 1301 

The red X 

L. ntigenme Emd$mu$ Nutt. 

SiaHuraa L. 
The wfaite ¥ 

L. e. dlbida Nutt. 

e. Benzim L. • Virginia f. 1171. 1303 

The Bcnsoln Laurel, or Bet^amin Tree. 

Arbor virginiana citrem vel Nmoni folio, 

AnMM'ittMtyWfMEnM, Conm. 
Jjotms miUvdlit Wangb. 
jPUdkfo Benibin Miehe. 
E*t6$mu» Bens^ln KuU, 
Benidin ip. C. G. Neet Voo Es«nbeck. 
Spice BuMh, Spice Wood, Wild Allspice, 

Aner. 
Laurier fuuM Bnmoim^ Fr. 
Bnautim Lorbeer, Ger. 

7. (B.) 2>iosp^ru8 Pert. • Virginia 

fig. 1172. 1304 
The Piotpymi Nke Laurel. 

L. Eudemm Diaap tr w Mutt. 
L. difaMMfr^ldlM Nicbx. 
? L. $meli»$^^fbUa Walter. 

a (B.) aestivalis L, A Viipnia 1304 
The lummer LaureL op. WiOow-leaved Bau. 
Uemfr9iama. 
L. EmSsmu* matiadlU Mutt. 
Pomd Bush Amer. 
Soutater Lot hear. Got. 

9. geniculkta iliic^i;. A A^rginia 

fig. 1173. 1305 

The knee-Iexed-Vandketf Laurel. 
L. Eu6tmu$gmiettUUa Mutt. 
L. mHvdlis wnid. 



App. I. Ha\fJuurdg iljpactet tftHim 

Th* GHnplMr Tn*. 

C. vtewn «i*f. tO Ctgtion. £g. 117*. 

I^otfrw Ctfwte Bar. May. 

C. CialA O. Ont. f □ Oiytaa. 
Th* wild Cinnamon. 

iMtms CimnaiHamwm Bot. B«p. 
P/r«M C^lMta Snr. 
Other liffnmiu planta bHotmhn to thk onlcr. 



Proteacesd. 

BAnkwUi littorUla M. Br. A|^ Ntv ! 

B. oMooKlfblU Cm. ± |_J New SoMh Wal«. 

UrrriUcnrfMnuuini{blUiaMi.*uJ N. Bowhtl 

O. acuminkU A. ar. *l^ N«w ftoMhWUa. 

HUM acienUria R.Br.M\^ M«w 

H. Miartelan* R. Br. Ai| N«w U< 

H. ptickmififeiiiia A. fir. S^LJ N«w8aaAWll 



A A AlJ ^ tt-uJ A 

I. /> A'PHNE L. A • A lJ Ji J 
Thb Daphnb. 

Thymela!^ Tonm. 

A. Leavet deciduamM. 

1. Mczcreum L. A N. of Ecu f. 1 

The Metereon Daphne, or oom a iom 
Spmge Olive, Spurge Float 

Sptu-ge, Parkinioo. 
DwaffBau Gerard. 
Laur^oleJemeOe, Boti geaM 

BoitJoN, Fr. . 
Gemeiner Seidelbaei, KeUerha 
Peperachiige Dapkue, DvMt. 
Laureolafemina, BiOmdeUa, i 
Laureola hembra^ ^wn. 

FarieHee A 

2 flore albo A 

3 auturoni^le A 

2. oltkica PalL A Siberia fig. 1 
The Altaic Daphne. 

Daphnb altdique, Lauriokde 
Sibirischer Seideibast, Ger. 

3. alplna L, m Switzerland £ 1 

The Alpine Daphne. 

The Alpine Chamelea, Maitlb 
Daphnb des Alpe$, Tt. 
Alpen Siedethait, Ger. 



B. Erect. Leaaet peratHemt. 

4. Laureola L, a Britain f. 1 
The Laureola Daphne, er Sm m gt i 

DapknokUi vCi um, Mf Lmmi 
Laurtola Raj. 
ThymeUe^a Lamrboia Scop. 
The Evergreen Daphne, 
Jjauriole vtdle, Lamriole de$ 
ImmergrUner SeidHbati, Gm 

5. p6ntica L, a Asia Minor f. 

The Pontic Daphne, or Acrm-jCot 

Thymeke''ap&ntica cHreiJUi 
l.auriole du Jxvamt, Tt, 
Poniiecher Siedetkatt, Ger. 

Varieties A «^ 

2 rikbra Hurt. A . ^ • 

3 foliifl ▼ariegatiB Zm 



CONTENTS. 



CV 



6. Tlmnebe^ £. m Spain f. 1185. 1310 

Hw T^rmfkBi, or MOkwon-Wte^ Daphne 
Th §m H s ^ /biii» polni'*^ tIabrU Baiih. 
T. alfUma ^UAru, Jlotei3is nMmteis ad 
ortttm $e$»iUbu$t Fluk. 

pbridis peigiohra Btmh. Prod. 
ImjMra Baub. Hltt. 
pMterina TiuwuUta Dec. 
The WUdOUwe. 
La ngnneUr, Fr. 

Seidelbasit Get, 



7. Tartan ralra L. * South of France 

fig. 1186. 1311 
Thm TkrtOB-nirt, or itTver^-ifoved, Daphne. 

TkgmO^g'a Miia candicanHbu* et terici 
motUbn* 



Bauh. Pin. 
Tmrton-Roire GaUo-prooincuB Monspeli 
Lohi 

mrgeniuta latipUia Barr. 
Tirton-Raira Sckrad. 



Tke oool-ieoved Dtmkme. 
LmrnrMe hianeke. Yt. 
Sake rUSlh iger SeidelbaH, Ger. 

<. (? 7.) pub^MCDs L. A Austria - 131 1 



p tti ptr WW wtii m^jur, M lch«U. 
1, Oor. 



9L C? r.) tomentdsa Lam, 




Asia Minor 
1311 



ZttaocM perHiient. Flowers terminal. 

10. eoUina 5m. m S. Italy fig. 1 187. 1311 

Tbm hSSL-hUkmb^ng Daphne, or Neapolitan 



H. eoBkma m Bot. Rep. 

? D. hw^dtti Vahl. 

DofAmd de$ ColUnei^ Laurfole d FeuiUtM 

de SamU, Fr. 
Shmmf^h l am ig er Seidelbaat, Ger. 

11. (c.) neapolitlina Lodd, a S. of Italy 

fig. 1188. 1312 
T^ Neapolttan Daphne. 

D. colAfid /3 neapolildna Lindl. 

12. (c.) olecddeslr. m Crete f. 1189. 1312 

The OUre-Uke Daphne. 

€aU u m ^ dMkuoides erotica Alpin. ] 
TAyawte a erotica olete JoUo uirhuque 

gUtbro Toam. 
liapkme ulicifbUa Lam. 
LomrMe d FemOlet d'OUvier, Fr. 
OdtmmM&tiriger Seidelboit, Ger. 

Candia • 1312 

ctMm olcr JWb MiWiM mlbw Toarn. 




14. ikrttta Drat, m Switzerland 

Dapime. 



- 1313 



Dl Aecf. Leaoet pertiUent, lowers in Racemes. 

IX Gnidktim L. m Spain f. 1190. 1313 

GnSdimn, or FUu.leaved, Daphne. 
Tkmmek^afoliis lini Bauh. 
gpmrge Flos, MomUain Widow WoffU. 
DaaXni GnMirnm, LaurMe d Panicmle, 

Miapimhlaltriger Seidelbast, Ger. 



Pas* 

E. Protlraie. Leaves persieteni. Fknpers terminal^ 

aggr^ate. 

16. Chedrum L. u Switzerland 

fig. 1191. 1313 

The Garland- flower, or trailing^ Daphne. 
Cnedrvm MaUh. 
Wohlrieehender SeidelSast, Ger. 

Varieties 1L. ► - - 1313 

2 foliis variegatis &«. 

3 flore 6\ho JU 

App. i. Half-hardy Species of Ddphne. 1314 

D. odura Thuttb. Il-J China. 
I). «<Wim{« I.ani. 
The ttvtft-aeenttd Daphne. 
Lamr^oU 4* Chimt, DaphiU aiormnt, Fr. 
WohlrietAendtr StitUlhatt, Ger. 

Kir. S TUicRiU Lm<^ Cat. * I I 

3 rtibra O. iJoa. * l_J ^K- 119i. 

D. hvbridaiSii;/. •i_l Hybrid f. 1193. 

D. drlpMinia of Fr. Gardeni. 
D. dauphtnii of Eng. Gardens. 

D. indica /.. II | | India. 

D. papTTkcw Wffl/. • il Nepal. 
D. canndbina M'*ir 



II. DFRCA L. a - 

Thb DiRCA, or Leather-toood. 
TkymeUe'^a Gron. 



- 1307. 1314 



1. palustris L. a Virginia f. 1194. 1314 

The Marih Dlrca. 
Moortrood. 

Bois de Cuir, Bois de Plomb, Fr. 
Sumjif Lederkolz, Ger. 

App. I. Half-hardy ligneouM Plants belonging 
to the Order ThymOctoeet. .1315 

Gnldla imbricku L. tt. i) Cap* of Good Hope 
O. denudau Bot. Rc«. 

Paaartna filifitrmto L. HL) I Capaof Good Hop*. 

Plmclto drup*oea £.46. tt |_J NewUoUand. 



Santalaceae. S 



1315 



I. NY'8S.4 L. $ - - 1315, 1316 

Thb NYtSA, or Tupelo Tree. 

1. biflora Michx, 3i Vir^nia 

pi. 218. fig. 1195, 1196. 1317 
The twin-flowered Nyssa. 
N. aqudtica L. ip. 
K. caroUnidna L. 
N. integrifdlia Ait. 
N. pedHnculis un(fi6ris Gron. 
Mountain Tupelo Mart. 
Gum Tree, Sour Gum Tree, Peperidge, 
Amer. 

2. (b.) yillosa Michx, 2 North America 

fig. 1197, 1198, 1317 

The hairy.^eraetfcf Nytta. 
N. sylvdtica Michx. 
N. muUifUro Wangb. 
N. monttina Hort. 
N. pedttnculis muUifi&ris Gron. 
Sour Gum Tree, Black Gmm, Yellow Onm, 

Amer. 
Haariger Tulpehbaum, Ger. 

m 



CVl 



CONTENTS. 



Pag* 

8. candicans AftchJP, It Carolina 

fig, 1199. 1318 
The mldtiah-leemed Nywa, or Ogeehee Lime 
Tree. 

N. eapiUila Walt. 

N. eoccinea Bartr. 

Sour Tupelo Tree, Wild Lime. 

fVea$licker Tulpelobaum, Ger. 

4. grandidentaU Michx. 5 North America 

fig. 1200, 1201. 1319 

Th« d«epl7tiMthffd-ltafwl Ny-m, •r Lmm Tupebt Trte. 
S. ttmtentlma and S. mmguRMmmM Mlchz. 
N. dentituUta Alt. 
Jf. amguldta Polr. 
N. utMUra, Wansh. 
WUd OKvt, Amer. 
Virgtmian Tupelo, Matt. 



II. OSVRIS L. 

Tkk Omtw, or Pvtt't Cauim. 



1. 41l>ai:. 



- 1316. 1320 



Italy - fig. 1202. 1320 

Th» white^mertd Onrto. 

O.fdHu tUuMtm* meittu Lirfl. 
O.yVtiMcinw baetifim Baub. 
CA9im pafHea MomptMrniimm Cam. 
Citia IjoHnAntm Alp. 
CA«ia MomtfHii dietm Qtm. 
WtUu Otjfrit, Oct. 



'EkBOffmcecB. X 



1320 



I. IJLiEA'GNUS Toum. $ • ai-J 

1320, 1321 

Tbb Eljbaomus, OteoMtert or Wild Olive Tree. 
CkaUf,Yr. 
wade OeOamm, Ger. 

1. hortensis Bieb, It South of Europe 

pi. 219. fig. 1203. 1321. 
The Garden ElaDasniu. 
E. anguttifbaa L. 
K. intrmi* Mill. 
K. or gluteus Moench. 
E. ortentdiis Deliile. 
? E. argintea Watc. 
Jerusalem WiOow. 
Olivier deBohtme, Ckal^d FeuiUes itroiUi, 

Fr. 
SckmalblaUriger Oleaster, Ger. 

Varietiei t - - - 1322 

1 angustifolia Bieb. It 

E. anguttifdlia L. 

2 dactyliformu ¥ 

3 orientalis ^ 

VL.orienidUs L. 

4 spinusa t 

E. spindta L. 

2. arg^tca PA. a Hudson's Bay 

fig. 1204. 1323 

The ii1vcr.leav«icr ElKuinot. 

Missouri Silver Tree, V. S. of N. Amer. 

App. i. Haif-hardjf Species of "Ekedguus. 1S24 



JiM*. Sill NcViJ. 

isrtw VlJ N«piU. 

ff.tadmiai«^Cl) BaMlmUn. 

E. MlleiAUa ? D. Dm. • | fig. Ifl06. 



II. /nPPO'PHAE Ir. i » 1321.1324 

Tbb HiPPOPHAB, Sea Buckikomt or SaUow* « 

ihmm. ' 

RkamnS\des Toum. ,| 
Jrgoussfer, Fr. 
HqffSom, Sanddom, Ger. 

Sspmo ommriUo, Span. I 

1. Rhamnoides L.ltai Europe ^ 

pi. 220. fig. 1206. 1324 , 
The Buckthorn-like Hippophae. f 

Rhamnb\de$JUnifera sdlicisjhlio, Toum. 
WuiinnSides/ruct\fera Ray. ; 

Argottssier faux Nerprun, Fr. ., 

WeidenbCittriger Sanddom, Ger. 
Arve, Saule JE'pineux, Alpe of Switxer- 



land. 

Varieties $ ft 

2 angustifolia It A 

3 sibirica It A 

H. «f^Jrica Lodd. Cat. 



- 1325 



2. .ralicifolia D. Don, 'St A Nepal 

fig. 1207. 1326 
i Hippoplu 
H. cor^ffrta 



The Willow-leaved Hippophae. 
" Wall. 



III. SHEPHERD/.^ Nutt. i » 

132K 1327 

Thb Shephbrdia. 

Hippdphae L. 

1 . argentea Nuti. a !if North America 

fig. 1208. 1327 

The tii-very-leaved Shepherdla. 
WppdpMae arghUea Purth. 
Mtssouri Stiver Leaf^ Bv^o Berry Tree, 

Amer. 
Rabbil Berry, Beef Suet Tree, American 

Indians. 
Graisse de Bugle, Bv^lo Fat, French 
Traders. 

2. canadensis Nuit^ A North America 

fig. 1209. 1327 

The Canadian Shepherdia. 

Hippdphae eanadinsis L. 



AristolochiQce{B. J Lt-J ^t-J i328 

I. ylRISTOLO CHIA L. .1 i.i-J t^uJ 

1328 
Tub Birthwort. 

Jristolocke, Fr. 
Osterhaey, Ger. 

1. sipho i^'J^m/. .i N. Am. f. 1210. 1329 
The Siphon4iirr, or Tube-Jlowered, Birthwort. 

A. macrMUUa Lan. 
Aristohcke Sypktm, Fr. 
GroubtaUrige Osterkaey, Ger. 
Pipe Fine, or Birthwort, Amer. 

2. toment6sa Shm, JL North America 

fig. 1211. 1329 
The tomentoae Birthwort. 

App. i. Hcdf-hardy Species of Arittoliekim. 

132» 

A. ■ a mfM itewn X. t.^ i_J Candia. 

A. iriaAca Oetf. i {^ Bvbaiv. 

A.ittluknm Di^r 

A. caudku ZVaf. 

A. tvUobUta mnd. Soudi Antrica. 



CONTENTS. 



evil 



lEaq?harb\kceed. 



Paf* 

1330 



LirUPHCrRB/^L,«Lj«.«.-J 1331 

Tos CtrraoBBiA, or Spurge. 
THk^wtahu Toon. 
Bmpkorie, Fr. 
Woifmulck, Gt€, 

E^Cbarhdam L. & Britain f. 1212. 1331 

£. yinoBa /#. s. — J 8outh of Europe 

fig. 1213. 1331 

App.L Ha!f'kmrd9l^peeim€f'EMjA6rh\2L.\S32 




i-ij. 



i<.ltl4. 



VL ^TILLVSOIA Garden ft 1330. 1332 

Tbk Stiluhoia. 

I. %65trina WUld. « Carolina - 1332 
lie PriTcC-Jeoawtf StiUingia. 

IIL J^U'XUS Toum. ml tL 1330. 1332 

Tax Box Trbb. 
r.Fr. 

I, Bmiduhawm, Ger. 

1. KmperYirens 2^. * i Europe 1333 

», or eommoi*. Box Tree. 
Bay, and other authors. 
BaMMtm, iiM« ft^M, Fr. 
Ger. 
Awao, Bouolo, Mortely Hal. 

Faridiet and Suhvarieties f 
• ft. - - - 1333 

1 axfoor^aoMis Afi2L Diet, f 
1 arg^tea JibH. f 
3 aiirea ^crf . 1 
S maisiniUa Hort, f 

3 angustifolia MilL DicL S 
1 Tari^;ita^or^. f 

3 suffiutiooaa MOL Diet. & £1215 

B. kUmOii Dod. 

B. t. ndtui N. I>u Ham. 

Bmit saAi, BMf d Sordures. Suis 

dTJrloii, Bmit de HotUmde^ Petit 

BmiB.Fr. 
Zwerck Bmehsbaumt Ger. 

4 myitiloUa Lttm. n 

2. baleirka 9Fi£{i/. 1 Minorca 

fig. 1220, 1221. 1341 
The Balearic Box. 

B. $. •ar.jHgaiUka N. Du Ham. 
Mhnorta So*. 

\i» de MimorpK, Butt de Makon, Fr. 



IJrticdcetJB. it f± CD J • 



1342 



App. L Half-hardy Sptcist of Burui. 1341 

M.^kmtmmLk.mi^ Cfabu. 

Appu I. Half-hardy Species heUmging to the 
Order £«g>A«rMicec. - 1341 

'krrt.Al.J N«wZ«alaiM]. 
•(«. JTiy. ili_J Ci^orGeodHopi. 



I. il/ORUS Towni. 5 t 1 D * 

1342, 1343 
The Mulberry Trbb. 
MQrier, Fr. 
Maulbeere, Ger. 

1. nigra Potr. 1? Persia 

pi. 221, 222. fig. 1222. 1343 

The hlanck-fruited^ or atmmon^ Mulberry. 
Mdrv« Dod. 
M./Hietu nigra Bauh. 

Variety - - - I344 

2 laciniaU Aft//. />tc«. t 

2. &Iba Ir. 1^ China pi. 223, 224. 134« 

The white-/nfi/rtf Mulberry Tree. 
M. cdndica Dod. 
M.Jructu dibo Bauh. 

M, 6lba /r{ictm mindri dlko nu4U$o D« 
Ham. 

Varietiee 1 tk - - 1348 

2 multiciulis Perrottet. 'i. * 

M. tatarica Desf., not of L. or Fall. 

M. hulUita Balbtt. 

M. cueuUdta Hort. 

Chinese black Mulberry, Amer. 

Perrottet Mulberry y Many-ttalked 

Mulberry. 
MArier Perrottety Fr. 
Miarier d 2^* nombreuaety MA' 

rier det JPnUippinejy Ann. det 

Set. 
Moro dette Filippiney Ital. 

3 Morrettiana Hort, !t 

Dandolo's Mulberry. 

4 macroph^Ua Lode/. Got 1( 

M. a. latifdUa Hort. 
M. kitpdnica Hort. 
M&rier d'Espagnet Feuitte d^Es- 
pagne, Fr. 

5 romana Zxm/(/. Cat. !jt 

M. a. ovalifdUa. 
Mitrier romainy Fr. 

6 nervosa Lodd. Cat. *St 

M. fKrvdlM Bon. Jard. 
M. subdiba nervbta Hort. 

Subvariety. V 
2 longlfolia JBim. Jard, Ht 

7 it&Iica Hort. It 

M. riifica Lodd. Catt. 

Subfioriety. ^ 
2 riibra I 

M. ruAra Lodd. Cat. 

8 rosea Hort. It 

Miwier rotey FeuiOe rosey Fr. 

9 columbiissa Lodd. Cat. £ 

ColumbOy Fr. 

10 membranacea Lodd. Cat. ¥ 

MUrier d Feuitles de Parckemim^ 
Fr. 

11 sinensis ^or/. 2 
M. sin^mig Hort. 
M. ckinimis Lodd. Cat. 
TAc- Chinese white Mulberry » 

Amer. 

12 piimila Noit. A 
M. a. iMfiM Hort. Brit. 



O'ker FaHetiee 

Wild Muiberria. 

La Peuillr rote. 

M. a. H itoM. 
I4i FeuUl* dor<e. 

M. «i. rnrfAi Hort. 

M. ImMa Hart. 

m 2 



. 13ft0 



• • • 

Cflll 



CONTENTS. 



Faff* 
L« HcltM biunnte. 
> FvaUa naiuU, lul. 

Orttfted Muibtrrin. 

La Rein*. 
L^mmm R«in«. 

M. m. maenphj/ttm nbvar. 
La FcuUle d'Eapune. 

M. a. 4 w*merofhjfU*' 
La Feuilte de floe*. 

t Fagtia dopjAa, Ital. 

S. (a.) constantinopolitana Potr. ¥ Turkey 

1358 

. Tke Camttntioeple Halbem Trtc, 
M. kjfmtMma tUcb. 

4. (a.) tatirica Pal, * l^anks of the 

Volga - - fig. 1225. 1358 
The Tartarian Molberry Tree. 

5. riibra L, It N. America pi. 225. 1359 

The nA-fruited Mulberry Tree. 
M. virginica Pluk. 
, \ M. pennsyhdnica Noil. 

? Variety I - • - 1360 
canadensis Lam. *St 

6. (r.) scabra fTiTW. ^ N. America 1360 

The rougfa-feored Mnlberry Tree. 
M. canadimit Poir. 

App. i. HaHf-hardy Specie$ of Mbrtu, 1360 

jr. Indies £.. 1 O Baat Indln. 

Jr. maoTltikna Jac«. t CD MadagMcar. 

Jr. latir6IU IFi//i/. Id* of Bourbon. 

jr. auMrklU iTilltf. Itl« of Bourboo, 

Jr. calddilblla TAwift. Qnifo. 

jr. eorylifUta rfctuiA. Quito. 

jr. cMlcar.f 4111 Cmn. Nev South Wale*. 

jr. Mnrkla. Nepal. 

M. ktUnMdna. 
jr. teTicliu TdUb. Napal. 
jr.wi*0«M. .N«pal. 

II. BROUSSONET/i4 Vent. 1342. 1361 

Th» BaOUMtOIIKTIA. 

Hdrus Siba, Kmrnvf. 
Vap^rut EDcyc. Bot. 

1, papyrffera Vent, It China pi. 226. 1361 

The paper.bearing Broouonetia, or Paper Mul- 
berry. 

sLdrui papyrifin^m L. 

Fariety t - - - J 361 
fi cucullata ¥ 

B. ctKulldta Bon Jard. 
fi. spatuidta Hort. Brit. 
B» itdvicuidriM Lodd. Cat. 

III. MACLU^R.4 Nutt, 1 1342. 1362 
The Maclura. 

Tdtykm Raflnesqoe. 

1. aurantiaca NuH, f. North America 

fig. 1226, 1227, 1228. 1362 
The fMKk^pMkib^rutUd Maclura, or Otage 
Orange. 

Bouhvood^ YeliaWfWood, N. Amer. 

IV. FTCVS TotiTH. 'St 1343. 1365 
Turn Fig Task. 

Figmier.Fr. 
Feiget^aumt Ger. 

I, C4rica L, 5 S. Europe pi, 227. 1365 

The common Fig Tree. 
F. oM nm k ui s Baoh. 
F. MumOti and F. wMttrit Toum. 
Figuier eowun mm, Fr. 
Grmgim Feigtnbawn^ Ger. 

Parktim - - 1366 

Csrdfm Vmrktirt. 



V. BO RY.4 W. 2 « . 1343. 1370 
The Boeya. 

AdiUa Ifichx. 
BigeUnSK Sm. 

1. Tigustrina Wifid. S N. America 1370 

The Friret-Uke Borya. 

Adiiia UgAstrma Michx. 
Bigelhviai l/gAstrina Sm. 

2. (? /.) acuminata Wil/d. m Carolina 

fig. 1229. 1371 

The aciiminate-2rav0il Bonra. 
Adilia acumindta luchx. 
BigeibviM. aeunUndla 8ra. 

3. (/.) porul6sa irtild, A Georgia. 1371 

The pore-like-dotted-leaped Boyra. 
Adilia tforuUea Michx. 
JBigeUvitLporuIdia Sm. 
? BigelbvU ovdia Lodd. Cat. 

4. disticbophylla iSTtftt. A £. Tennessee 1371 

The two-rowed-lcavad Borya. 



lJlmdce(B. 5 la A - 1371 



- 1371. 1373 



I. ZrUAVSL.t . 

The Elm. 

Orm^, Fr. 

Ulm, or Raster, Ger. 

Oltno, Ital. 

1. camp^stris X.¥ Britain pi. 228, 229 

fi?. 1232. 1238,1239. 1374 
The English, ee\d,oreommtnnmaU^a»ed, Elm . 
U. Atinfa Pliny. 
U. m)nortfdlio ongAtlQ scdbro, Ger. Emae. 

VarietUi 2 - - - 1 375 
A. Timber Trees. 

1 vulff^ris *St 

U. campMHs Hort. Dur. 

2 latifolia Hort. $ 

3 ^Iba Ma»tir$. t 

4 acutifolia MaaUrt. *t 

5 strlcta Hort. Dur, % pi. 230. 

Red English Elm. 

6 virens Hort. ^ 

Kidbrooh Elm. 

7 comubieniis Hort. It 
The Cornish Elm. 

U, stHcta Llndl. 

Smbvarieiies. 'f 
2 parvifdlia Lindl. It 

V. s. m&roph^a Lodd. Cat. 
4spera Lodd. Cat. 
critpa Lodd. Cat. 

8 samiensis S 
The Jersey Elm. 

U. samiintis Lodd. Cat. 

9 tortudsa S 
The twisted Elm. 

U, tortu^sa Lodd. Cat. 
? Orme tortiOard, Fr. 

B. OmameHiaij or emrious. Trees. 

10 Sliis variegatis Lodd. Cat. t 

1 1 ftetuUefolia 3! 

U. beluk^ia Lodd. Cat. 
12vimin^lif £ pL SSI. 

U. viminmiis Lodd. Cat. 



CONTENTp. 



CIX 



13 pwH&lU 'i Bff. ISdO. 

U. parwif^a Jacq. 

U. MAvM^Wa Pen. 

V. mlkmOa war, (trmub H kaUnuM) 

ST 

U. mtrntUa WlUd. 
U. p.fAUUj^rvi*,^.^ Flak. 
U. AteiZ/« Enum. 

14 pUmfolU 2 pi. 232. 

U. planifbUa Hort. 

15 cbinenms 'i fig. 1231. 

U. ckmAuis Pen. 
TA^ lie r JMtf Gailoig, Orme nain, 
Fr. 

16 cueulUu Hort. 1 

17 eoocavsfolia iforf. 1 

18 foliis a6reis ^orf. S 

Ot*^ Varietiet. 
V. e. nina LmM. Cat. 
IT. c flAili mamlitlii Lodd. Cat. 
V. dAbU Lodd. Cat, 
U. vfaeitca Lodd. Cat. 

Prcmek Farietiet 
L^nnoe k PtailUs laargfM ct nidM. 
L'ORMt TdU I^Onm TUlcol, I'Onnc dc HeUands. 

Tk« BrUM, or Uwm Trm, Km. 
LtlmlUe, I'OnM Min. 
Tlni i$tmrf Etm. 
I k FcvillaiiUaM t< glabrM. 

cOmMk FWnillM paoKh^n d« Mane. 
. ^ FeoUtaB UaH* paaach^w de blanc. 
Tftf akhumg Mvery-lmmi Blm. 
La iMtlt Ona* li Fculllai paaMhAm d« JMBM. 

Tito AMi/rildm4«aiml ITfm. 
L-OriM 4 paUtci f%«iU«t« l*Onne mAla, I'Onae 



I 



1378 



5. effusa Jf^i/W. 5 £nglan«l *** 

pi. 236, 237. fig. 1242. 1397 
The spreadlng-AnracAtftf Bm. 
U. cilitta Ehrh. 
U. peduncnidta Lam. 
U. oetdndra Schk. 
XJ.fMio latisiimot 4rc., Buxb. 
U. te"»« Pall. 
VOrme pidoncttii, Pr. 

G. montana ^au^. !i^ England 

fig. 1243, 1244. 1898 
The mountain, Scotch^ or B|rdl, Elm. 
U. gla^a Hudt. 
U. (:^b4a Sibth. 
U. «cd^a Mill. 
U. ntUla Ehrh. 
U. campS*tre Willd. 
>f>cA i/AM'/ of old authors. 



Varieties If 



- 1398 



Lc 



J%t mmm K i mv td Btm. 
L'Onne k trte-aran^K FeaillaK, t'Omia femcUe, 
rOnae daTManoa. 

n« l«r|f»-iearad Bhn. 
L*aama da HoliaDdr k urandca FcuiUaa paaachto. 

rtowiiiiprtaf Oatfc* ITIm. 
LH>taaatartHaid. 

Ua iMftfaAaa loddi Cat. 

TkitwUUdBlm. 

L (c.) suberosa Afcench, It England 

pi. 233. fig. 1240. 1395 
The etn^-Uarked Elm. 

U. campitirit Woods. 

V. eampiUrit and TkeophrdiA Du Ham. 

U. rmlgatinima fUio Idto s<Abra Ger. 

Bmac. 
U. mouidna Cam. 
Common Blm Tree, Hunt Evel. 
L*(frme LiigOt FOrme-foMgeux^ Fr. 

VarieHet'l - - 1395 

1 Tulgiris ^ 

The DtflcA cork-toriketf Elm. 
U. tuber&$a Hort. Dur. 

2 fdliit ▼arieg^tis Xm/cf. Cat. 1 

U. MiAtfntea variegtita Hort. Dur. 
SalbalC 

U. nt&mlMi d&a Masters. 

4 cr&ta Zodrf. Cat, ¥ 

5 var. 15 

The broad4e«red Hertfordshire Elm, 
Wood. 
€ wmr. S 
The narrow-IeaTed Hertfordshire Elm, 
fTood. 

3. (c.) nuyor Sm, It England 

pi. 234, 235. fig. 1 24 1 . 1 395 
The areater, or Dutch cork-barked. Elm. 
V. kfoUdadiea MiU. 
. V.mdJorkomndica,Stc.,V\\3k. 

V. major, amplihre jdm^ 4*^, Du Ham. 
Tilns mds Mattb. 
U. kd^fiiia Mtehx. 

1. Mrpinilolia Xim/A ¥ England - 139^ 

CM. 



A. Timber Treet. 

1 vulgaris It 

2 rugosa Masters, S 

U. rugdta Lodd. Cat. 

3 mkjor Masters. It pL 238. 

4 minor Masters. ¥ 

5 cebenn6nsis Hort, Ht 
The CeTenues Kim. 

6 nigra t 

The black JriiA Elm. 
U. «»)^a Lodd. Cat. 

7 austraks Hort, 'St 

B. Ornamental or euriom Varieties*. 

8 p^ndula 1 pi. 239. 

U. pindula Lodd. Cat. 
U. glabra dectimbem Hort. Dtnr. * 
U. norizontdUs Hort. , 

U. rudra Hort. Soc. Card. . 

9 fastigiata Hort. It pi. 240. 

U. glttbra replisdta Hort. Dur. 
U. Fordll Hort. 
U. etoniinsis Hort. 
10 crispa 5^ 

The curled-l^av£«f Elm. 
? U. cri*/ia WiUd. 

Other Varieties. 
\ (m.) glabra iljR//. * Eng. f. 1245. 1403 

The smooth-lravr^/, or WH^cA, Elm. 
U. monidna /3 Fl. Br. 
V.fMoglAbro CScr. Emac. 
U. campistrii var. 3. With. 
The feathered Elm. 



Varieties It 



' 1404 



A. Timber Trees, 



1 vulgaris IK 

The common smooth-4ea»ed Blvk 

2 vegeta X 

U. monMrui vegila Hort Soc. Card. 
U. americdna Mastara, , , 

The HunUngdon Sim, tke CM- 

Chester Elm^ the A merio tsn Etm^ 

f the Seatnpslon Elm, 

3 var. It 

The Scampstoo Elm. . ■ , 

4 major i 

U. glabra mqfor llort. Dur. 
The Canterburp Setdlimg, 

5 glandulosa LiruU. X . 

6 Utifdlia Lin^. -f 

7 microphylla H. S. It 

? V.g. parvtfdNa Hort. Soc. Card. 



ex 



CONTENTS, 



B. Ornamental or curious Treea. 

8 pdndula 1L 

U campfitrU pfndula Hort. Dur. 
The Downton Elm. 

9 varieg^ta H. S. ¥ 
10 ramulosa Booth. It 

8. £lba JTit, 5 Hungary - - 1405 

Tha whitlah-fMwd BUn. 

9. americana L. * North America 

pi. 241. fig. 1246. 1406 

The AniericaD Elm. 

The white Elm, Amer. 

Canadian Elm, American white Ebn. 

Farieties It - - 1406 

1 rikbra Ait, S 

2 ilba AU. t 

U. mollifdlia Roem. et Schult. 

3 p^ndula Pursh. It 

4 incisa H. S. £ pi. 242. 

10. (a.) fdlva Michx, 1£ North America 

fig. 1247. 1407 

The txwaj'budded, or tltppery. Elm. 
U. Ahra Michx. 
Ormegraa^ Fr. 
Red Elm, Red-wooded Elm, Moose Ehn. 

11. alcita Mtchjt. i Virginia f. 1248. 1408 

The Wahoo, or cork-toinged. Elm. 
U. pitmila Walt. 
Wahoo, Indiana of N. America. 

App. L Doubtful Sorts of V'lmus. -1409 

U. vahitomu Walt. 
V. rniUc6M WttU. 
U. tDtaprlfbUa. lilmaUyM. 
U. «tfAU. Himalaya*. 
thlmmiaUaMtDU. UimaUyaa. 
U. cctea Jiaylc. HimaUja*. 
IT. larigliu JiMffr. Htmalajac 
V. yiwgCu tUxlt. Hlmalajrai. 

IL PLA'NERii Gmel. 5f 1372.1409 
Thb Planbra. 

Bhdmnus Fall., Guldenst. 
U'Ama, Tarioas authors, aa to F1&- 
nera Rlch£rdA. 

1. Rich&rdi Michx. 5 West of Asia 

pi. 243, 244. fig. 1249, 1250. 1409 
Richard's Planera, or Zelkoua Tree. 
P. crendia Mlchx., Deaf. 
P. carpinifblia Wats. 
Hhdmnm earpinifhlius Pall. 
RAdmnstf Mknoldes GiUdcnst. 
Vhnus crenAta Hort. Par. 
V'lmus parvifblia Willd. 
V'lmus camydstris Walt. 
Vlmus polygama Richard. 
U'lmiu nemordlis Alt. 
U'lmus/bliis crenAtis bdsitequdtibusfriictu 

ovi^deo, non eomprtfsso, Pol r. 
Le Zelkoua, Orme de Sib^ie, Fr. 
Richard's Planere, G«r. 

2. GmeltmMichx. % N.Am. f. 1251. 1413 

- OiaeUn's Planera. 

P. ^ImifiUa Michx. 

P. aquMta WUld. 

Anonymus aquaHcus arbor, 4t., Walt. 



9 P. Abdlcea Adhdfn Crttt. 

Tke AUHctm of Clntliu. 



III. CEO-TIS Town. If O * 

THm CKLTt9, or Nettle Tree. 1372. 1413 
Ijdtus of Ijobel and other authors. 
Mfcocoulier, Fr. 
ZiiHgctbanm, Ger. 



14 IS 



1. austrl^lis Z. t S. Europe f. 1252. 1414 

The soothem Celtls, or European Nettle Tree. 
Ijdtus drbor Lob. 
iMtus s)9e GdUis Cam. 
Late Tree. 
Mieocoulier austral, Micocoulier de PrO' 

venae, Fabrecoulicr, Faubreguier des 

Provencaux, K. Du Ham. 
Lotu, Ital. 

Variety It - - 1414 

With variegated leaves, Brotero. 3E 

2. (a.) cauc^ca WiUd, It Caucasus 1415 

The Cancaaian Celtla. 

3. Tournefortit Lam. 1^ a Armenia 

pi. 245. 1416 

Toumefort's Celtis. 

C« orienlalis minor, JhUis mindribus et 

crassidribusMictu^vo, Tourn. 
C. orientdUs Mill., not of L. 
Mieocoulier du Levant^ Micocoulier d'O' 

rient, Fr. 
Morgenlandischer Ztbsgelbaum, Ger. 

4. (T.) sinensis Pers. I ft China 1416 

The China Celtis. 

5. WilldenoWana Schultes. 't China 1416 

WiUdcnowt Cdtia. 

C. tkt^mtia Wmd. 

6. occideDtalis L, ± North America 

pi. 246, 247. 1417 
The Western Celtis, or North American NettU 
Tree. 

C.fructu obscuro purpurascente, Toum. 

C. obllqua Moench. 

Nettle Tree, Sugar Berry, Amer. 

Bois inconnu, lUinois. 

Mieocoulier de Virgtnie^ Fr. 

Varieties 1£ - - 1417 

2 cordau WUld, It 

3 scabridscula WHUL It 

C. austrAHs WiUd. 
C7o.fi tenmifolia Pers. 
C. dspera Lodd. Cat. 
C. orientdUs Hort. 

7. crassifolia i>m. 1£ N.Am. f. 1254. 1418 



The thicluleaved Celtis. or Hackberrg 
C. cordifdUa L'HMt. 
C. cordata Desfont. 
Hagberru, Hoop Ash^ Amer. 
Micocoulier i FevtUes en Cceur, 



8. iKvigdU Wmd, A Louisiana 

Th« glabroi u Immi C«ttia. 

9. piimila Ph, A Maryland 

ThadwaifGaltU. 



Fr. 
- 1420 

• 1420 



App. i. Species of C^hi$ half-hardy, or not 
yet introduced. - - 1 490 

C. arimtUU L. f CD HImalayaa flc. ItM 
r. tacrtfndra Koafr. Hlroal^aa. 
r. alpln* JIvHlr. Himalagraa. 
C. InfflMi Kojl*. Himalajaa. 



Jufflanddcete, t - 1420 
- 1420, 1421 



I. JITGLANS L. t 

Thb Walnut Tiu. 

Walmuss^ G«r. 



CONTENTS. 



CXI 



Pace 

L rtgia L. t Perm 

pi. «48, 249, 250. fig. 237. 1423 
TWmfal, &r emmmauL, WafamC Ttm. 
Sims Jkglamt DoA. 

Nix 3i>giam, sm rigia viitgM$^ Bauh. 
Soger cammmm, Fr. 
AVMjptnrr. Provence. 
<^MrAw Wabtuu, Ger. 

rar»«<ie» 1£ - - 1423 

2 Ta&Kivaa. t 

K4k* Jilglant fruetu mdrftno, 

Bauh. 
Nois 4e JoMge, Bon Jard. 
Senmmt, Warwidubire. 

S t^era It 

The skin-tVfi^d, or fffmotae. Walnut. 
^^ Jitglatufiriicto thuro et/r agile 

jMcfaOTMM Bauh. 
A«yrr a Coqtu \tendre, Voper Ml- 

tange^ Bon Jard. 
Noper de Mart^ In Dauphin. 
1 aer6tiiia Desf, i. ^ 

The lite-9egeiaiing Walnut. 

Nt* Skgiansfricto terdttno Bauh. 
Nomer tanl(f, Noyer de la Saint 

Jean, Bon Jard. 
^o^ de Mai, In Dauphin^. 
5 laeiniata 1^ 

The Fern-leaved Walnut. 

Nikx Jilglant /bint lacinidtlia Re- 

neaulm. 
ShgUmt keieropkfiUa Hort. 
J. meifhlia Lodd. Cat. 

OtMer Farietiet. 
The Highflier. 

Tiie Yorkshire Walnut. 

t nigra £». I North America 

pi. 251, 252. fig. 1260. 1435 
The MartL wooded Walnut Tree. 

Tie black- Walnut, the blaek Hickory Nut, 

K. America. 
Natter noHr, Fr. 

lniiercaX.t N. Am. p. 253. f. 1262. 

1439 

The gny-braneked Walnut Tree, or Butter-nut, 
J. catAdrtica V. Amer. Sylr. 
J. tM6nga MUl. 
Oa-ttut, WkiU Wabmi, Amer. 
Nojfer eendrf, Fr. 
Grame H'almut, Ger. 

a CATIYA NutL 5 - 1421. 1441 

TsB Cabta, or Hickory Tree. 
Jkglam m. L. 
Hiobritui jR^fineaque. 
Hickory t Amer. 

I. oliTsrormis Nutt. t North America 

fig. 1263. 1441 

The<^Te-thaped Caiya, or Pacane^ut Hickoty. 
S^gfmnt rVbra G»rtn. 
i^g/Uuu eyUndriea Lam. 
Jii^anM Ptom MUhlenb, 
Jkglan$ angusiifblia Alt. 
Sttglant oUmoffdrmis Mktax. 
Peam-nut, Illinois Nut, Amer. 
Picanier, Pacanut, Noyer PScam'er, Fr. 

t am^ra yutt. 'i N. Amer. f. 1264. 1443 

The bltter>««rf Carya. 

JiklUmt tundra Michx. 

^ WMte Hickory t Swamp Hickory, 



t aquadca Nutf, f North America 

fig. 1265, 1266. 1444 
The aquatic Carya, or Water Bitter-nut Hickory. 
Jugimm aqUtica Mkhx. 



4. tomentosa Kutt. * N.Am. f. 1267. 1444 

The tomentose Carya, or Mocker-^nut Hickory. 
Jikf/oiM dJba L. 
C. alba Mill. 

Jiiglans kmientdta Michx. 
nHite-hcart Hickory, Conunon Hickory, 

Amer. 
Noyer dur, Illinois. 

Variety It - - 1445 

2 mdxima Swt. Hort. Brit. X 

5. &Iba Nutt. X North America 

pi. 254. fig. 1269. 1446 

The whlte-nflf//cd Carya, or Skell-bark Hickory, 
avians alba Michx. 
Jitgian$ dlba ovdta Marsh. 
Juglans squambsa Michx. 
Jt^lans compriua Gaertn. 
Skag-bark Hickory, Scafy-bark Hickory, 

Kitky Tkomai Nut, Amer. 
Noyer tendrCt lllinoii. 

6. sulcata NuU. t N. Am. f. 1271. 1448 

The fUrrowed'/ra/ted Carya. 

Jdgfans iacinibsa Michx. Arb. 
iykglans mucronata Michx. Fl. Bor. Amer. 
J^lans sulcata Wiild. 
Thick Shell-bark Hickory, Springfield Nut, 
Gloucester Nut, Amer. 

7. porcina Xntt. It North America 

%. 1272, 1273, 1274. 1449 
The Tig-nut Carya. 

JiigUiHS porcina « obcordtlta Michx. Arbr. 
iH^lans porc)na var. frith fruit round and 
sometthat rough, Michx. N. Aincr. Syl. 
Jikglans ohcorddta Muhlenb. 
Big-nut, Hog-nut, Bri,om Hickory. 

Variety It - - 1449 

2 glabra 2 f. 1272. h, and 1274. h. 

Ji^lans porcina fiJtcifOrmis Michx. 

Arb. 
Jikglans gldbra Miihl. 

8. myristicaeformis Nutt. Ht South Carolina 

fig. 1275. 1451 

The Nutmcft-likAtAwttfd Cam. or Nn h u tg Uickvry. 
Jtglmiu msfrittUmftmuM MidkX, 

9. microc^rpa Nutt. It N. America 1451 

The unaU-flniltad Carya. 

10. integrifolia Spreng. S - - 1451 

The «nara leaf (l«t>ad Caria, or HUkary. 
Hicdiius inttgrifidiut RafinMqtw. 

App. i. Other kinds of Carya. - 1451 

C. amhtffam. North America. 

Jii^/tfiM onMgtu Michx. 
r. pub^nu Lk. 
C. rii^a. 

Jtfiant rfgida Lodd. Cat. 

III. PTEROCA RYA Kuuth. 5 

The Ptebocarya. 1421. 1451 

JtigloTU sp. L. 

1. caucdsica Kunth. It Caucasus 

pi. 255. fig. 1276. 1452 

The Caucasian Pterocarya. 

Jiigtans pterocdrpa Michx. 
Rk^ obscUrum Bieb. 
Jt^toiM frajintfdlia Lamond MS. 
Friirffita kevigiUa Hort. Far. 



SalicdcecB. !fc » « -* ;« 



I. .SfA'LIX L. It 

TiiK Willow. 



Ok 



-*^ - 



1453 
- 1453 



ex 11 



CONTENTS. 



Pag* 

Hmrabt Hebrew. 
lUa, Or. 
8d/£», Let. 
SatUe^ Fr. 
WenU, Felber, Ger. 
:. SiOeio, lUl. 

Sauxe^ Span. 
HYrfr, Swed. 
Wiigr, Flem. 
Witkig, Anglo- Sax. 
WiUow, Withy, Sallow, Otter, Eng. 
Sough, Scotch. 

Group i. Purpurea Kocb, Borrer. & ¥ 1490 

CMSrr Witlowt, with one Stamen in a Flovfer. 

1. purpurea L a Britain fig. 1294., and 

fig. 1. in p. 1603. - - 1490 

The purple Willow. 

8. purpurea m. Koch Coram. 

Varieties Oft . -1400 

1 m 

8. fmryirea Smith, WUld. 
t A 

R. Latmberttkna Simtk, WUtd. 

3 A 

8. fltUa Mllld. En. 

4 moiuulclphioa KaA. A 
6 Mric«« Ktk. dk 

8. HMMJiuIra ttrtft* 8«r. Sal. Hdv. 

6 lvict« rttva XocA. A 

2. Helix L. ^ 1 Britain fig. 2. in 

p. 1603. - - - 1491 

The Helix, or Rote, Willow. 

S. purpurea var. Koch Comm. 
? S. oppotitifolia Host Sal. Auitr. 

3. Lambertiana Sm. '^ England fig. 3. 

in p. 1603. - - - 1492 

Lambert*!, or the Boy ton. Willow. 
%. pitrpkrea filLoch Comm. 

4. WooUgaruina Borr. A England fig. 4. 

in p. 1603. - - - 1492 

WooOfar's Willow. 

i. mondndra Sal. Wob. 

S. numinira var. Hofllm. Hist. Sal. 



England fig. 5. in 
- 1492 



5. Forbyana Sm. 

p. J 603. 

Forbx's Willow, or thejlne Basket Osier. 

S.fista Lin. Soc. Trans., not of HoAn. 
S. rl^ra fi Koch Comm. 

6. rikbra Huds, * Y Britain fig. 6. in 

p. 1604. - - - 1493 

The red, or green'leavedjWaiow, or Osier. 
8. rkbra. in part, Koch Comm. 
V^.Jissa Hoflm. Sal 
8. dneolor Host Sal. 
8. 9ir4seens ViU. Dauph. 
8. Uneiris Walker's Efssays. 

App. i. PurpilresB of which Plants have been 
inlrodneed, hut not described, 1493 

App. ii. Purpurtdi described by Authors, but 
not yet introduced, or of doubtful Identity 
with S^ifff already in the Country, 1493 

t. edBOOtor, mM. ct fan., Boat 8mt. 



8. wdmimtmJhlttUUJbMa hmgimimU, Srt., Ray. 

t. rUrm BncL PI. 
C MkUx, ntm ct Ins., Hmt 8ml. 
«. ifperfufMta.aaa M taa.. Bmt Sal. 

8. BMteL. 
». mmwtamk, mM •« Um., Bt«t Sal. 
«. ■MinillB. iBMCt fcm., n<ml M. 
B. BtaMllai, DIM at fan., Btml Sat. 
n. aririMlla, maa, ««•# SmI. 



Group ii. Acui^ilia Borrer. ft It 1494 
Proinds* Koch. 

JViUows with dark Bark, covered with a fine Bhom. 

7. acutifolia WUld. m X Podolia fig. 25. 

in p. 1607. - - 1494 

The pointed-leaved Willow. 

S. rioldcea Andr. Bot. Rep., not ofWiUd. 
nor S. cispica Hort. 

8. (/aphnoides l^tilart, S Switzerland 

fig. 1295., and fig.26. in p. 1608. 1494 
The Daphne-like Willow. 
S. vne'^co* Hoppe. 
S. hig^mmit Homn. 
S. einerea Host Sal. 

9. pomer&nica WUld. ¥ Pomerania 1496 

The Pomeranian Willow. 

S. daphnoktet var. Villars. 

Group iii. Tridndne Borrer. AX 1496 
ifmygdilinse Koch. 
Otter WiUows, with three Stamens in a Flower. 

10. undulata Koch, Hook. ¥ si England 

fig. 1290., and fig. 13, 14. in p. 1605. 

1497 

The HAry-leaved Willow. 

8. unduldta Ehrh. Beytr. 
? S. No. 38., Trer. Obs. Bot. 
8. taneeoUita Sm. 

VarieHes 2 • - - 1497 

2 unduUu Forbes. S A 

3 lanceolaU Smith, £ A 

4 Having the catkins androgy- 

nous 5f A 

11. Aippopbaefblia ThuUiier, A Silesia,&c. 

1498 

The Sea-Bucktbom-lcared Willow, or Osier. 
S. undulata Trev. Obs. Bot. 
? S. unduJiita var. Borr. in a letter. 

12. triandra L.A "t Britain fig. 1297., 

and fig. 15. in p. 1605. - - 1498 
The three stamened-jfot^cfnf Willow, or Osier. 
S. stnygddlina, part iff, Koch Comm. 

Varieties. A ^ 
? S The French willow A 1 1499 

S. tridndra Curt. Fl. Loud. 

? S. Hoppekns. WiUd. 
? S Hoppeana A 3! - - 1500 

S. andrigvna Hoppe. 

S. Happens, WiM. Sp. PL 

S. tridndra andrdgyna Scrinxe. 

S. sMsygddUna, part tff, Koch 
Comm. 

?4 A !if 

S. tridndra unduUtta Mertens. 

13. Hoffiuanntan/i Sm. A Britain fig. 16. 

in p. 1606. - - . 1500 

HoAnann's Willow, or Osier. 
S. tridndra HoiRn. 

14. aniygddlina L, It Britain fig. 1298.* 

and fig. 18. in p. 1606. - 1500 

The Almond-lfovnl WOlow. or Osier. 

8. ssnygddlina, part <^, Koch Comm. 

15. Villarsiami FUigge et Willd. t Dau- 

phin6 fig. 17. in p. 1606. - 1502 
ViUar's Willow, or Osier. 

S. tridndra VUlart Delph. 

S. sai^fgddiimi var, Kodi Conm. 



CONTENTS. 



cxm 



AppiL Tridtmdtm of which there ore Piants 
iM dk€ CoHMtry 94Ji described. 1503 

I t— "ran i laM Cai. tpd 0. not uf Sm. 

■ ^lpp> IL Tridndrtt drscribed, htU noi yi-i in- 
tnimeed, or ofdcml^fti TdtfOity vith Spcciea 
mfiU Comnify. - - - 1502 

«t fenx^ Boat SM. 
DM CI Ida.. Mirt hal, 
et1km.,H-aiSmI. 
«| iHDi^ Bmd Sat. 

■ft Mfian.. Bosi £«/. 




GffQDp iv. AM/afuJ^ Borrer. 1; 1.^3 
TVert, AoM^f Ammts teM Z—5 Stemeiu. 

16. penUindni //. ¥ Britain %. 1299.0, 

mnd fig. 34. in p. 1610. - 1503 

Thm tre-^tuaeoti-Jknpered Willow. 

S. ^emimm4ra.»ari of, Koch Comin. 
Tie maea WtBow, Bay-leaded IViUow. 

Variety $ - - 1503 

8 hermaphroditica S 
S. kermaykroiUica L. 

17. MeTeiidna "Willd. 5 Pomerania 

f. 1300., andf. 33. inp.1610. 1504 

MiTfT's Willow. 

S. caupitfi^te Scbiilts. 

S. timcAria Sm. In Reet*s Cfcl. 

8. pemiSndrajB L. 

S. «4'xdiNfra Ehrli. 

S. fAritorrlina Sm. m /2£r«'« Cyr/. 

5. ie tfdni rm Wllld. 

1& liicida Muklenb, It North America 

f. I301.,andr.33.inp. 1610. 1504 
file thfniag'lnnwf Wfllow. 

8. JbrbMk 5vr/. //orf. ^lY. 

Group ▼. Fra^ibf Borrer. !t 1507 
Treet, ttUM their Ttp^ moUlif brittle at the Joints. 

19. iMbyl^Smca L. ± Asia pi. 256. fig. 22. 
in p. 1607. - - 1507 

The BMylanlan, or Weeping, Willow. 

6. prophideiu Scrtng. Sal. HcIt. 
8. vrimtdii^y ^, Toarn. 

8. «fitfM0a, 4^. , C. Bauh. 
SmUepkmreur^ Parasoldu grand Seigneur, 

ft. 
Trmter Weide, Thranen Weide, Gor. 

rarieties It - - 1513 

1 Tulgiris fem. Hort. It 

, .9 Kfapoledoa Hort. It 

3 crispa ffart. It pi. 257. fig. 21. 

in p. 1606. 



3Ql decfpicBfl Hi>fm, t Britain pi. 258. 
f. 1309.,Bndf.29. inp. 1609. 1515 
re, UTk^ Welch, or vanished, Vs il- 



S. amerieina Walker's EgMjrs. 
%,.firigMUt part qf, Koch Comm. 



21. mont^a Forbei % 

fiiL 19. ib p. 1606. 
TbeNounUln Wniow. 



Switzerland 
- 1515 



22. frAgilis L. ¥ Britain fig. 1310., and 

fiff. 27. inp. 1606. - - 1516 
The hritt\i*.-trrigfrd, or Crack, Willow. 
S./rfigilis, in part, Koch Coinm. 

23. inonspelicnsis Forbes, t Sk Montpe- 

lier fig.30. inp. 1609. - 1517 

The Montp4^llcr Willow. 

? a./rdgilis par. Borr. in a letter. 

24. Ru8sellk/Ma 8ip. t Britain fig. 13 U., 

and fiff. 28. in p. 1608. - 1517 

The R«»«ell, or Duke qf Bettfitrd's, Willow. 
? S./raeiiis Woodv. 
TV Dishley or Leicestershire, WilUnt ; the 

Huntingdon JViUow. 
S. ptlndula Ser. Sal. Heir. 
S. Piridis Fries Nov. 
S. riibens Schrank Baier. Fl. 

Varietiet - - - 1521 

25. Purshiana Borrer. 5 N. Amer. 1522 

Pur»h'» Willow. 

S. ambigua Purth, Sm., Forbes, Hook. 

App. i. Fragiles introduced, but noi yet de- 
tcribed, or of doubtful Identity. 1 522 

.9. adsrtfndcnt Donaid'0 Nmraery. 

S. bij|*mink ImU. Cai. •< 

S. dtcMevu, fi-m.. ij'ilJ. CiU. 

S. tritfilli l^lit lUit. 

S. muiina f^v/tf. C<tt. 

S. rAbra C. Lodd. 

.\pp. ii. Fragiles descrilted, but not yet in- 
trodueed, or of doubtful Identity with iit' 
trodueed Speeiea. - - 1522 

X. ri4«iilis mas et fem.. HM Sal. 
S. fragWUn, mas et fern.. Hott Sal. 
S. fra^UK<kinia, mat rt fmii., Btttt Sal. 

.S*. pa'Attrn, in4« «t fem., BoH Sal. 

S. c«pc>ii!ds Thu)J». ri. Cap. 

S. huLerriitn H'illd. Sp. fit. 

S. .Suftaf ba^lUdi Fonk. Cat. PI. .fiffjrpt- 

Group vi. .4'ai Borrer. 1? 1522 

Trees qf the largest Size, vilh the Asj'eet of the 
Foliage whitish. 

20. ^IbaL. 3t Europe pi. 259, 260. f. 1314, 

1315., and f. 136. in p. 1629. 1522 
The whitish-ieared, or cmntiHm wbito, WlUn**'. 
S. dlba, part if, Koch Comm. 
The Huntingdon, or Stralbne-taOed, Wil- 
low. 

Varietiet 1 - - 1523 

2 corrulea It fig. 137. in p. 1629. 
Blun Willow. 

8. (Uba var. Sm. Fl. Br. 

S. cuTiilra Sm. Kng. Bot. 

S. filba /S Sm. En«, Fl. . 

The ujttand, or red-fwigged, Wfl 

lour, Pontejr. 
T*^ Ixicester JVilloVt Darj's A^, 
Chem. 
? 3 criitpa It ... \A25 

4 rosea Lodd, Cat. *S. 

27. vitcllina L. * Britain pL 20 h fig. 20, 

inp. 1608. . . * 1528 

The volk.or-egg-coloiiredtOryr/Jpw.Wlllov^ or 

Golden Osier. ' ■■ .*. 

S. dlha Koch Comm. ' ' 

Variety It -' - 15Ei 

With rec'ldish brancUct^lSK'M. ' 
n 



CXIV 



CONTENTS. 



App. i. A'ttMt deteribedj but wkichy probably, 
kav not been introduced into Britain, 1528 

S. tso<War 0<m< So/. 

Group vii. Nlgne. A 1 - 1529 

Extra- European Kinds allied to the Kinds of one or 
(M of the three preceding Groups. 

28. nigra MUhlenb. It N. America fig. 152. 

in p. 1630. - - - 1529 

The bUck, or iark-brandud Amtrieam, WUIow. 
8. earoHtttdma Michx. 
8. ptmtdnJn Walt. 
8. vmlgdrit Ornji. PI. VirR. 

29. Humboldtiaiw Willd. • Peru fig. 8. 

in p.1604. . - 1529 

Humboldt's WUIow. 

30. Bonplandtana Humb. et Bonpl. A ? It 

Mexico fig. 9. in p. 1604. • 1529 

Bonitland*s Willow. 

App. i. Nigra described, but not yet intro- 
duced. - - 1530 

8. fljcttetriiu Miekr. North America. 
S. ocddenUlU Bote. Iile of Cuba. 
t. actkain Sieb. Egjpt. 

Group viii. Friniildes Borrer. A !ff 1530 

Shrubs, mostly Natives of North America, and used 
in Basket-making. 

31. rigida Muhlenb, A North America 

fig. 141. inp. 1630. - - 1530 
The t(^-Uaved Willow. 
S. cordUta Michx. 
S. cordifma Herbs. Banks. MSS. 

32. prinoMes Punk. A It North America 

f. 1317., and f.40. in p. 1612. 1530 
The Prinos-llke Willow. 

S3, discolor MUfdenb. A North America 

fig. 147. in p. 1630. - - 1530 

The two'coloand Willow. 

34. angustata Pursh, A N. America 1531 

The Mw ow e d, or toferod-totnod, WOlow. 

35. confdrmis Forbes. A North America 

fig. 24. in p. 1607. - - 1531 
The vaaUorm-leaved Willow. 



Group ix. Grisea Borrer. 1 A j» Jt ^ 1531 
Chi^ Shrubs, Natives qf North America. 

36. vir6scen8 Forbes, A Switzerland 

f. 1318., and f. 7. in p. 1604. 1531 

The greenlsh^roivif M^low, or verdant Osier. 
S. hippophaifblia Lodd. 

37. refl^xa Forbes, a North America 
fig. 94. in p. 1619. - - 1532 



Pag* 

39. Lyonii ? Schi. A Switzerland fig. 10. ij 

in p. 1604. - - ' - 1532 
Lyon's Willow. " 

40. Houstonian/z Pursh. a Virginia and '^ 

Carolina fig. 1 1. in p. 1604. 1532 i 

Houston's Willow. i 

S. tristis Lodd. Cat. 

41. falc^ta Pursh. A N. America fig. 148. i 

in p. 1630. - - - 1533 

The Slcklc-Zwiwd WUIow. 

42. grisea IfiUd. A Pennsylvania - 1533 

Ttw gnj Wniow. 

S. tertcfa MtUUcnb. 

? S. ptntujflodmtea Forbe>. 

Variety A - - 1533 

2gUbra A 

43. petiolaris Sm, A Scotland fig. 1319., 

and fig. 23. in p. 1607. - 15a'l 

The ^oftf-Mtiolated WUIow. 
S. grisea Willd. 
S. grisea var. fi subgUUn-dta Koch Comm. 

44. pennsylvdnica Forbes, A ? N. America 

fig. 95. inp. 1620. - - 1534 
The Pennsylvaman Willow. 
? S. petiotdris Sm. 
? S. grisea Willd. 
? S. pedicelldris Spreng. Syst., Pursh. 

45. Muhlenbergt(iiia Willd. Je Pennsylvania 

fig 145. in p. 1630. - -1534 

MOhleoben't, or tho brown Ameritait, Willow. 
8. alpUm Walt. 



8. imebna Michs 

H.JIAvmiich 

S.MsHtM 



H.JUm Schoepf. 



The renexei-catkined Willow. 

38. virgata Forbes. j» North America 

fig. 12. inp. 1605. - - 1532 
The twiggy Willow. 



46. tristis Ait. w* North America fig. 150. 

in p. 1630. . - 1534 

The Md, or mrron-Uaotd Amtriemm, Willow. 

47. cordata Miihlenb, A North America 

fig. 142. in p. 1630. - - 1534 

The hcart-lMmr Willow. 

Group X. VLosnuxrinifiUes Borrer. 1535 

A Jtt Jt 

Low Shrubs, with narrow Leaves. 

48. rosmarinifdlia L. j» North America 

r. 1320., and f. 87. in p. 1618. 1535 
The Rosemary-leaTed Willow. 

S. TosmminifbUa, part of, Koch Comm. 

49. angustifolia Borrer, Hook., ? Wuif. jt jt 

Scotland fig. 1321., and fig. 86. in 

p. 1618. - - - 1535 

The narrow-leaved Willow. 
S. arbiscula Sm. 
S. rosmarin(f6lia m Koch Comm. 
S. Htcuddtcea L. 

50. decumbens Forbes. Jt ? Switzerland 

fig.88. inp. 1618. - -1536 

The decumbent Willow. 

51. fuscata Pursh. A North America 1536 

The dmHi'bnmn-br*9dl«d WUIow. 



CONTENTS. 



CXV 



P«ffe 

GmopxL J'tuoe Boirer. A jm Jk 1536 
1^9iif procumtbemt Skmbs. 

& fiisai L. ^ fig. 83. in p. 1618. 1536 

Tke brown WUIov. 
S. r^em Hook. 
8. r^Mw Koch, part c/, Koch CofDm. 

FaruHei^ Jt . . 1537 

1 Tulgiiris j» Britain fig. 83. in 

p. 1618. 

mmr. m Hook. 

S.f6»eaSm. 

S. repent Koch /3 Koch Comm. 

2 repens Jt Briuin fig. 84. in 

p. 1618. 
var. fi Hook. 
S. ripem L. 
S. ripetu Koch • Koch Comm. 

3 prostrata Jk Britain fig. 82. in 

p. 1618. 
«ar. y Hook. 
S. frostriUa Sm. 

4 fo'tida Jk 

*«r. ) Hook. 
S./o^MAi Sm. 

r SmbvarietUa Jk . 

S. itoctoWiw Sm. Mmr. Bel. -A Briuia. 

%M. In p. 1618. 
'tUBt €^MHvt of /», Sm. Knff. Fl. 
8. Hipau Kodi wmr. Koch Comn. 
S. pvTl^ia turn. Aur. Jlrf. ^ Britain. 
fiff.Nl. inp. 161%. 
tLj^tUaft ftm. Kaf. PI. 
8. WyvtM Kocb vor. iCcKh Comm. 

5 incubdcea A England fig. 79. 

in p. 1618. 
8. niembicea L. 

6 arg^ntea ^ England fig. 78. in 

p. 1618. 
S. arg^mtea Sm. 

8. ri^em Koch y Koch Comm. 

L Uoaidna Sm. A Britain fig. 1322., 

andfig. 85.uip. 1618. - 1540 
Ood's, artkc nut^-brandkedy Willow. 

reapxii. Ambigua Borrer. If A j» Je 1540 

Shrubs. 

\, amlngua Ehrh. Borrer. A Jn Engl. 1540 
The Ainbiguoiu WIUow. 

S. mmMgua Koch, part qf^ Koch Comm. 

VarieHeM A ji Jt - 1541 

1 mlgaris jtt Jk 

vmr. fl, BoRcr in Ibax. Boi. Suppl. 
SmAJor A 

/9 M^W Bomr. 

9. miriMgm* fi Hook. 
8. wv«mi<« Scrinff. 
arMlit « Is AiImv. 

3 spakhuU; i A 

vor. jr naUMJUa Borrer. 
B. OTrt^M y Hook. 
H. MottttMM WUid. 

4 UDduUU A 

wir. • wtdnlMa TU/rr. 

a. afaUkMliUa W illd., var. unJuluta of I'lu- 
AsMor Mcrteos. 

S. fimoitfchica ^t^</. ? ^ ? ^ Finniark 

1541 
The FhuBark WOlow. 

i6. versicolor Foibes. ? Jk ? j» Switzer- 
land fig. 77. inn. 1618. - 1541 
■ Willow. 



rage 

57. alatemoides Forbes, A Switzerland 

fig. 76. in p. 1618. - - 1542 
The Alatemiu-like Willow. 

58. protetr^fta Scbl. A ? i Switzerland 

fig. 75. in p. 1617. - - 1542 
The Protet-leaved WiUow. 

Group xiii. Reticvlaia Borrer. -^ 1542 

59. reticulata L. J^ England fig. 1323., 

and fig. 67. in p. 1616. - 1542 

The netted, or wrmkUd, leaved Willow. 

A pp. i. ReiiculittiB described, but not yet ta- 

troduced, - - 1543 

8. Toato Fmrak. Labnular. 

Group xiv. Glauea Borrer. If A j» Jt 1543 
Small, uprights with $qft tilky Leaves. 

60. crlaeagnoldes Schleicher, A Europe 

fig. 69. in p. 1616. - - 1544 

The BUeagnus-Ilke WiUow. 
S. ekeagnifblia Forbes. 
S. glauca var. Koch. 

61. gla6ca L. Jtt Scotland fig. 1324., and 

fig.68. in p. 1616. - - 1544 

The glaucous Mouutatn Willow. 
8. appendiculdta Fl. Dan. 

62. serlcea VUlars, Jc Switzerland fig.74. 

in p. 1617. . - 1544 

The silky WUlow. 

S. glauca Koch Comm. 
S. lAtppbnum Sm. 

63. Lapponum L,m Lapland fig. 1325.« 

and fig. 73. in p. 1617. - 1545 

The Laplanders' Willow. 
S. aremiria Fl. Dan. 

64. obtusifolia WiUd. A 1 Lapland l.'>45 

The Uunt-lMTod Willow. 

65. aren^ria L, a Scotland fig. 70. in 
p. 1617. - - - 1545 



The sand Willow. 

S. Umhsa Walilenb. 

Variety A 
? leucophylla A 

S. teuaiphpUa Schl. 



- 1546 



66. obovato Pursh. Jk Labrador fig. 144. 

in p. 1630. - - - 1546 

The oboTitfriMwrft «r Labrador, WUhnr. 

67. canescens fViOd. ? j» ? A ? Germany 1546 

The gvcyiUi WiUov. 

8. ItmdM Wahlonb. var. Koch Comin. 

68. Stuarttaita Sm. A Scotland fig. 72. 

in p. 1617. - - - 1546 

Stuart^, or the smaU-leaved shaggy. Willow. 
S. arendria mascullHa Sm. 
8. iMppbrntm Walker. 
S. Umdsa Wahlenb. var. fdb'is augmstio- 
r tints lanceoldtis Koch Comm. 

Variety - - - 1547 

n 2 



CXVI 



CONTENTS. 



69. pyreofLica Gouan, Jt Pyreivees 1547 

The Pynncaa Willow. 

Variety Ji - - 1547 

2 ciliaU Dec. Jk 

8. pyrtwUea fi cUUta Dec. 

70. Waldsteimina WUld. * Alps - 1547 

WaldsUin'* WUlow. 

Group XV. Vimindles Borrer. A It 1547 

WiUoufS and Osiers — Mostly Trees, or large Shrubs, 
with long pliant Branches^ used /or Basket-mak- 
ing. 



Switzerland 
- 1547 



71. subalpina Forbes. A 

fig. 93. inn. 1619 
The tubalpine Willow. 

72. c&ndida Willd. a North America 

f. 1326., and f. 91. in p. 1619. 1548 
The whitish WlUow. 

yarieties - - - 1548 

73. incana Schranck. A ? It Pyrenees, &c. 

f. 1327., and f. 90. in p. 1619. 1548 

The ho»rr-leaved Willow, r or Osier. 
S. rtpdria Wllld., &c. 
S. lavanduiat/blia Lapcjrr., &c. 
S. angustifilia Poir., &c. 
8. Tosmarinifdlia Gouan, &c. 
S. vimindli* Vlll. 

74. linearis Forbes, * Switzerland 

f. 1328., and f.89.in p. 1619. 1549 
The MnfM -leaved Willow. 

? S. incdna var. Unedris Borrer. 

75. viminalis Zr. A % England fig. 1329., 

and fig. 133. in p. 1629. - 1549 
The twiggy Willow, or common Osier. 
S. tongifiUia Lam. 

Varieties - - 1550 

Bark of the branchlets brownish 

yellow. 
Bark of the branchlets dark brown. 
Velvet Osier. 



76. Stipules Sm. A It England fig. 132. 

mp. 1628. - - 1550 

The ttipuled, or auricted-leaved, Osier^ or 
WiUow. 

77. Smithtaiuz Willd. f England fig. 134. 

in p. 1629. - - - 1550 

Smith's WIUow, or the HUty-leaved Osier. 
S. moUUsima 8m. 
8. acuminata, with narrower leaves, Koch 

Coinin. 
S. aemmi$»iUafi Lindl. Synops. 

78. mollisBiina Ehrh, ¥ Germany 1551 

TIm aieilmlt-tmfkK»S Willow, or Cater, 
a. ptAtrm Koeh. 

79. holosericea Hook.^ ? IVWd. a It Ger 

many - - - 1551 

The velvety, or " sq/1-shaggy.Jhweredy'* Willow, 
orOsUr. 

8. SmithiisiSL rugdta Forbes. 

V S. acuminata, the war. mentioned by 

Sm. in Eng. Fl. 
S. acmmindta par. rugdsa Sm. MSS. 
? S. rithra Walker's Essays. 



80. Micheiiflmi Forbes. * V 5f fig. 135. m 

p. 1629. - - 1552 

Michel's WUlow. 

S. holosericea Willd. 

? S. holosericea var. Borrer. 

81. ferruginea Anderson. 1 Scotland 

fig. 128. in p. 1627. - 1552 

The ferruginous-fcowrd Sallow, or Willow. 

82. acuminata iS^/«. 3J England fig. 1330., 

and fig. 131. in p. 1628. - 1553 
The acuminated-^ared, or large-leaved. Sallow, 
or Willow. 

S. hmceoldta Seringe. 

App. i. Vimindles in the Country, but not 

described. - - 1553 

S'. trlchocirpa. 



Group xvi. Cinere4B Borrer. ft t 1553 

Sallows Trees and Shrubs, with roundish shaggy 

Leaves, and thick Catkins. 

83. p&llida Forbes. • Switzerland fig. 96. 

in p. 1620. - - 1555 

The pale WiUow. 

84. Willdenovtana Forbes. * fig. 41. in 

p. 1613. - - 1555 

Willdenow's WiUow. 

85. Pontederawa Willd. a Switzerland 

f. 1331., and f. 43. in p. 1613. 1555 
Fontedcra's Willow. 

S.pitmila alp)na nigricans, fdliooletigino 

serrdto Ponted. C<mip. 
S. Pontcdirst Bellardi. 

86. macrostipulacea Forbes, t Switzer- 

land fig. 130. in p. 1627 - 1557 
The largc-stlpuled Sallow. 

87. incanescens ? Sckl. A It Switzerland 

fig. 120. in p. 1625. - 1557 

The whitish-leaved Sallow. 

88. pannosa Forbes. Sk It Switzerland 

fig. 123. in p. 1626. - - 1557 
The cloth-leaved Sallow. 

? Variety - - 1558 

Leaf, catkin, ovary, and bractea 
larger. 

89. mut&bilis Forbes, A Switzerland 1658 

The changeable WiUow, or SaUow. 

90. ciuerea L. It England fig. 1332., and 

fig. 125. in p. 1626. - 1558 

The grey SaUow, or Aah-coloured WiUow. 
8. cinirea var. Koch Comm. 

Varieties 1 - - 1559 

1 With variegated leaves 1!^ 

2 It 

8. cinirea Sm., according to Koch. 

3 It 

8. aqudtica Sm.accordlngto Koch. 

4 It 

S. oktfhUa Sm., according toKoch. 



CONTENTS. 



)l. uaitica Sm. I Enghuiil fig. 187. in 
p. 1687. - - - 1559 



9t deifblia Sm. % Eoglaiiil fig. 186. in 
p. 1626. - - - 1559 






Kiriu L. > EngUnd fig. 124. 
p. 1626, - - - IMO 



Parittia « . - 1560 

5. eUdiHliiniiia Hagni, actording 

to KoeA. > 
micropfayllu Lodd. ■ 
S. csprea pEnnili, folio lubro- 
lundo, lubtug inuno, Dill., 
uconimg to Smilh. « 

S6 latJfoUaForbct.*BaAl9.inn.l625. 
1561 
The bnti-ltnei WlUoir, or SaUmr, 



9«. nthacelata Sm. » Britain fig. 181 

p. 1885. - - 1563 

Gimp iiii- Nigrie&iila Bmrer. I « .* I . 
^rm*i, tcilk hag Brancka, ortmiiU Tr€c: MoBly 

99. tuBtrilis Forbes. A Switzertand 
Bg. IIW. inp. 1621. - - 1565 

100 vMudiaA Forbet. A Switzerland 
fig. 1 17. ia p. 1684. - • 1565 

TheVHHliili aoSom, or WiUoo. 

101. grisophilla Forbes, it Switzerland 

fie. 119. in p. 1625. - 1565 

102. lacuslris Furhci. jO SwitierUnd 

6s. llfi. in [1.1624, - - 1566 

103. crsMifolia Forbet. « fig. 115. in 

p, 1624. - - - 1566 I 



104. cotinifoliu Sm. * Britain fig. 1336,, 

aod fig. 1 14. in p. 1624. - 1566 

The CMlniu, or lirina, leMird SaOar. at 

S- ^yUcifiiia var. Koch Coinln. 

105. lilrtaSw. • * Britmn fig. 113. in 

p. 1623. - - - 1367 

The h»lrj.*raar*«i SaJtoK. or WlUon , 

S./j^'dScht, JiUkeftm.of S.hlrtuForbft. 

106. rivularis Forbet. * Switzerland 

fi-. lOd.iHp.1681. - 1567 

lOT. atropurpilrea Forbet. It SwilzerLind 

1567 

Tlie au\-ruTp[e.»ra«cluil Wlllon, or SaUair. 

109. coriaci'u For&ti. • Switzerland 
fig. 118. in p. IUS3. - 1568 



.S, l.tjrUiCiHfta fl I.. 

110. AndEraoniiina Sm. • Scotland 

fig, 109. in p, 1623. - 1568 

s. iiigMJilia ear. Koch. 

Variitia - - . 1S69 

111. rfnmascena Forbet. » - 1569 

S. t*liluft'Ma L., * lUCc or. Lindl. Syn. 

112. Ansonuino Porbea. a Switzerland 
fig. 107. in p. 1622. ■ - 1569 

113. helvetica T^orfifi, a Switzerland 1570 



roliinafita Forbn. • X Switzerland 
fig. 1337. in p. 1572., and fig. 104. 
inp, 1681. - - 1571 



117. dure Forbet. ¥ fig. 105. in p. 1682 
1571 

Th« haniT Sallme, or VUlow. 

I IS. Forstenano Sm. tt X Britain fig. 1 10. 



cxviii 



CONTENTS. 



Page 

] 19. rup^tris Dotm. -* Scotland fig. 1 1 1. 
in p. 1623. - - 1573 

The silky Rock Willow, or Sallow. 

120. tenuifolia L, A England fig. 50. in 

p. 1614. - - 1573 

The thin-leaved Willow. 

S. arbiscula Wahlenb. vor. Koch. 
S. t. qfEng. Bot. is S. bieotor of Hook. 

? Variety - - - 1573 
With silky hairs on the upper 
half of the ovary, and towards 
the base of its stalk. 

121. propinqua JBorr. A It Britain 1574 
The nearly related, or JIat-teaved, Mpright, 

Mountain Willow. 

122. petrae^a Anders, it Britain fig. 97. 

in p. 1620. . - 1574 

The Rock-Saltotir, or Willow. 
S. arbusctda Wahlenb. 

123. Amnmntddna Willd. It Alps 1575 
Ammann'c Willow. 

124. atrovirens Forbes, A Switzerland 

fi«r. 108. in p. 1022. - 1575 

The dark-green Sallow^ or Willow. 

125. str^picla Forbes, A Switzerland 

- 1575 



fig. 100. inn. 1621. 
The creaking WiUow, or Si 



Sallow. 

126. s6rdida Forbes. A Switzerland 

fig. 101. in p. 1621. - - 1576 
The lordid Sallow, or WiUow. 

127. Schleicheriafia Forbes, a Switzer- 

land fie. 98. in p. 1620. - 1576 
' Schleicher's Willow, or Sallow. 

128. grison^nsis Forbes. A Orisons fig. 99. 

in p. 1620. - - 1576 

The Grisons Sallow, or Willow. 

Group XYiii. Biccibres Borrer. 1! A .« ^ 1 577 

Buskff Shrubs, with Leaves dark green above, and 
glaucous beneath. 

129. teniiior Borrer. A Scotland 1577 
The narrower-Ztrav^tf intermediate WiUow. 

S. laiirina Sm., according to Sm. 
S.McolorSm. Eug. Bot., according to Sm. 

130. laxiflora Borrer. A Britain 1578 
The loose-catkined Willow. 

131. /aurina Sm, It Britain fig. 1.338., 

and fig. 38. in p. 1612. - 1578 
The Laorel-2ra«r(f, or shining dark green. 
Willow. 
S. &fcoA>r Sm. 

S. arbusciUa Wahlenb. var. Koch 
Comm. 

132. patens ForAr*. A fig. 39. in p. 1612. 

1578 
The spreading-frrAAcArd Willow. 



133. radicans Sm. ^ Britain fig. 46. in 

p. 1614. - - - 1579 

The TooXXng-hranched Willow. 
S. pkjfUcifMia Lin. Fl. Lap. 
S. arbvscula Wahlenb. var. Koch 
Comm. 

134. Borreri^na Sm. A Scotland fig.1339. 

1579 

Borrer's, or the dark upright. Willow. 

135. DavalliaV/a Sm. A Scotland fig. 47. 

in p. 1614. - - 1580 

DavaU^ Willow. 

S. t^trapla Walker. 
S. pbylfcifbUa WUld. 
S. t^/meheoides Schl. 

Variety A . . 1580 

S» DavalU'dna Sm., the Swiss 

kind. A 

136. t^trapla Sm. A Scotland fig. 49. in 

p. 1614. - - - 1580 

The four-ranked Willow. 

137. ramifusca Forbes. A Britain fig. 53. 

in p. 1615. - . 1581 

The brown-branched Willow. 
? S. tHrapla mas Borrer. 

138. Forbestami A f.51. in p. 1615. 1581 
Forbes's Willow. 

S. Weige^im Forbes. 

139. Weigeliflwa Borr. a Scotland f. 1340., 

and f. 48. in p. 1614. - 1582 

Weigers WUlow. 

S. Wu^fen^tiA Sm. 

Variety • - 1582 

Lcayes more conspicuously toothed, 
rather silky when young ; the 
shoots more downy, and the 
ovary pube scent towards the 
point only. {^Borr.) 

140. nitens Anders, A Britain fig. 1341., 

and fig. 44. in p. 1613. - 158>> 

The glitteiing-lfa«p<Nl WiUow. 

141. Croweana Sm. A Scotland fig. 52. 

in p. 1615. - - 1583 

Growers Willow. 

S. arbikseula Wahlenb. var. Koch 

Comm. 
S. hkmilis Schl., /em. of S. Crowedna 

Sm. 
? S. heteroph§Ua Hoat. 

142. bicolor Ehrh, A Britain fig. 54. in 

p. 1615. - - - 158.S 

The two-coloured WUlow. 
S. lenuifdlia Sm. 
S./loribunda Forbes. 
S. Hvida Wahlenb. 

143. phillyreifoUa Borr, A Scotland 1584 

llMt PbiUyrM-lMTwl WiUow. 

144. Dicksontana Sm. j» Scotland fig. 55. 

in p. 1615. - . 1584 

Dickson's Willow. 

S. myrMloldes Sm., not of L. 



CONTENTS. 



CXIX 



P«ffe 

Graopxix. VaceimiifoKa Borr. Ajmjk 1585 
SmmB, and generally procmmbeiUl Skmbs. 

145. cMcmiifolia JFalker, Jk Scotland 

t 1342., and £ 57. in p. 1615. 1585 

n* V^^uttin-lwvHl Wilknr. 

lifi. earinata 5m. A Scotland fig. 59. in 
p. 1615. • - - 1585 



s. 



t, willow. 
ic, pmrt 9f, Koch Comm. 



U7. /yninifolia Sm,M Scotland fig. 1615. 

1585 

The Phnn-leared Willow. 

S. Mjfrnmkus Lightf., not of L. 

S. -prwrn^fhUoy part qf, Koch Comm. 

Variety J^ - . 1586 

stylo longiore Koch, jm 
S. ^rtm^fblia Ser. 
S./brmdsa WUld. 
S./oe'tida Schl. 
S. o^ptea Sut. 

148. Tcnulosa Sm. A Scotland fig. 56. in 

p. 1615. - - - 1586 

Tlw wtinpfiMntd WiOov. 

S. ^nmifUJOt pmi ^f, Koch Comm. 

149. cz^ia Villws, II Dauphin^ fig. 66. 

in p. 1616. - - 1586 

The grew-iettped Willow. 
S.mprttUoidfS WiWd. 
S. proatr6ta Ehrh. 

Group XX. MyrtUtbldes Borrer. m 1587 

SmoB Bilberry-like Skrubt, not Natives qf Britain. 

UO. mjrtUloldesX. m Poland, &c. f. 1343. 

1587 

Tte MTTtUliM-Uk*. «r BUbtrry^tntd WUlow. 
H. ' 



151. pedicelliLris Pnr%h, m Catskill Moun- 
tains - - - 1587 

FWUlow. 



152. planilolia Pur$h, •« Labrador 1587 

WlUow. 



Group xxL yiyrsinlUt Borrer. jm Jk 1587 
Small butky Shrubs. 

153. ilfyrsinites L. j» Scotland fig. 1344. 

1588 
The Vntorikiberry-leaved Willow. 
8. 'UgrtinUesS Sm. 
S.ar6itf^iaWUId. 
? S. MaenaMiLoM Mat^iUivray. 
8. lAyrsinUes Koch, part qf, Koch 

Comm. 
S. dkbia Snter. 

154. ftetulifolia Fonter, m Britain f. 1345.> 

and f. 60. in p. 1615. - 1588 

The AffiirrBirch-leayed Willow. 

S. Myrsinites Sm. Koch, part qf, Koch 
Comm. 

155. procdmbens Forbes^ -* 

fig. 61. in p. 1615. 
The procumbent Willow. 
S. Ise^mis Hook. 
A. rrthsa Wither. 



Scotland 
1588 



PoKe 

156. retusa L, Jk Alps fig. 1346., and 

fig. 139. in p. 1630. - 1589 

The reixiae-Uaved Willow. 

S. retiaa Kochf part qf, Koch Comm. 
S. aerpyU(fbtia Jacq. 

? Varieties - - - 1589 
? S. Kitaibeltana Scop. 
? 5*. LTva-Arsi Scop. 
? S. ^erpyllifolia Scop. 

157. Kitaibeltafi/z Willd. Jt Carpathian 

Mountains f. 64<. in p. 1616. 1589 

Kitaibel's Willow. 

S. rethsa Koch, fi m^Jor Koch Comm. 
? S. IPva-Hrsi Pursh. 
? S. retksa var. L. 

158. iTva-ursi Pursh. jh Labrador fig. 1 51* 

in p. 1630. - - 1590 

The Bearberry-Z^arMf Willow. 
? S. KitaibeRkxiA Willd. 
? S. retUsa var. L. 

159. *erpyllif61ia Scop. Jk France, &c. 

fig. 1347, 1.348., and fig. 65. in 

p. 1616. - - - 1590 

The Wild-Thj-me-leared Willow. 

S. retiaa Koch, y Koch Comm. 
S. retiaa var. L. 

160. cordifolia Pursh. Js, Labrador fig. 143. 

in p. 1630. - - - 1590 

The beart-leared Labrador Willow. 



Group xxii. Herbdcea Borrer. jm 1590 

Very low Shrubs, scarce^ rising an Inch above the 

Ground. 

161. herbacea L. m Britain fig. 1349., 

and fig. 62. in p. 1615. - 1590 
The herbaceous-Z^Arfii^ Willow. 

? Varieties - - - 1591 

162. polaris Wahienb. at Lapland f. 1350, 

1351., and f. 63. in p. 1615. 1591 

The Polar Willow. 



Group xxiii. Hastdtee Borrer. A jh Jc 1592 

Lou> Shrubs, with very broad Leaves, and exceed- 
ingly shaggy and silky Catkins. 

163. hastata L. A Lapland fig. 1352.. 
and fig. 35. in p. 1611. . 1592 

The ha\beTd'leaved Willow. 
S. hastata Koch, part qf. 

Varieties A . . 1592 

2 serrulata A 

S. hastata WiUd. 

3 malifolia A 

S. malifdUa Sm. 

S. hastdta, part qf, Koch. 

S. hastUta Hook., Borr. 

4 arbiiscula A ? .«t fig. 1 35.3. , and 

fig. 138. in p. 1630. 
S. arhuscula Wahl. 
S. arbiiscula $ Lin. Fl. Siiec. 
S. arbdscula y Lin. Sp. PI. 



cxx 



CONTENTS. 



Pane 

164. lanata i/. ft Lapland fig. 1 354., and 

fig. 71. No. 2. in p. 1617 - 1593 

The wooWj-ltaved Willow. 

S. lanAtat the kind No. 2., Forbes. 

S. landta, at UoMt part qf^ Koch Comm. 

? S. c&prea Fl, Dan,, t. 245 

? S. ckrytdnthos Fl. Dan., t, 1057. 

Varieties, according to Koch 
A Jk . . 1594 

2 glabr^ens ifle 

S. chrjfg6niko* Vahl Fl. Dan. 

3 glandulosa Wahlenh. Fl. Lapp. A 

4 depoHta iTocA. ? Jk 

S. depr^ssa Lin. Fl. Succ. 

Group xxiv- Mifcelldnea A, Y it m Jc 1594 

J^tnrff cj/" S<i/i> described in Sal. Wob., flwtf no! in- 
cluded in any qfthe preceding Groups. 

165. aegyptlaca L, It Egypt fig. 146. in 

p. 1630. - - - 1594 

The ECTptiiin Willow. 

Ca/q)r and Ban^ Alpln. iEgjpt. 

166. alpina "i Forbes, 7 "i ? M ? jt fig. 149. 

in p. 1630. - - - 1595 

The alpine WUlov. 

167. berberif&\M PaU. Jc Dauria fig. 1355., 

and fig. 140. in p. 1630. - 1595 

Tbe BertMrrfJeamd Willow. 

168. tetr&spc'rma Roxh. ^ India fig. 31. in 

p. 1609. - - 1595 

The foiir-sMded Willow. 

169. ulmifolia Forbes. !t Switzerland 1595 

The Elm-lceved Willow, or SaUorr. 

170. villosa Forbes. j» Switzerland fig. 92. 

in p. 1619. . - . 1595 

The ^\\wx%-Uaiotd Willow. 

Group XXV. MisceUdne^ B. t 3k jm jk 1596 

Kinds qf ShUx introduced, and qf many qf which 
there are Plants at Messrs. Loddiges^s^ but which 
we have not been able to refer to any qf the pre- 
ceding Groups. 

171. alb^ens Srhl. ft Switzerland 1596 

The whittah-/«m>(4 WUlow. 

S. tty^'^$a K Dec. 

172. alnifolia .^o</. sa . - 1596 

The Alder-lesTed WiUow. 

173. Ammanmana Willd. It Salzburg 1596 

Aounann'* Willow. 

f*. Mtfrnnitei Hoffin. 

M. katUUa Hopp., not of L. 

174. angiist^ta Pursh. It New York 1596 

The Upered-ZMvcrf Amuriean Willow. 

175. angustifolia WiUd. si Near the Cas- 

pian Sea - - . 1596 

The nAiTow -leaved Caspian Willow. 



179. rerasifolia Sehl. * 

The Chen7-le«ved Willow. 



176. betiklina Host. ? sft 

The Blrch-Uke WUlow. 

1 77. candidula Host. ? Jk 

The whitish WiUow. 

178. can^ens LodcL ? sft 

The hoMry Willow. 



- 1596 

- 1596 

- 1596 



180. chrysanthos (Ed, 

(olden-flowere 
S. ImmkUi var, 



- 1597 



Finmark 1597 



The golden-flowered Ktrwan Willow. 



181. cinnamomea SchL A Switzerland 1597 

The CinnaiDon Willow. 

182. clethrsfolia SckL ft Switzerland 1597 

The Clethra-leeved WiUow. 

183. conifera Wangenk. A N. Amcr. 1597 

The cone-beurinc Willow. 
S. tongirAitrit Mlchz. 

184. coruscans WU'd.. A Styria - 1597 

The flitterinft Willow. 

i). arMtcHlm Jucq., ? Wahlaib. 

185. cydonia;f(jHa SchL jk Switzerland 1597 

The Quince ICATcd Willow. 

186. dubia Hort. Jt ... 1597 

The doubtful Willow. 

187. eriintha SchL m Switaerland 1597 

The wooUy-flowned WUlow. 

188. /agifolia IF.etK.jt CroiUian Alpi 1597 

The Beech-leaved Willow. 

189. Bnm&rchicaLLodd*Cai, S Sweden 1598 

The Pinmvk Willow. 

190. foliolosa Afzel. .» Lapland • 159S 

The muijr-leaTcd Willow. 

? H.JbliiMt Loud. Hon. Brit. 
S. alptna roffrtifolia Rvdh. 
S. arbtUmla fiL. 

191. formosa WiUd. ft Swiss Alps 1598 

The elegant Willow. 
S. gtaaea M'illd. 
? S. alpina Sc>-|». 

192. fuscata Pursh. jk New York - 1598 

The hrown-^emnwd WUlow. 

193. glabr^ta SchL ft Switzerland • 1598 

The RUbRHM linilow. 

194. heterophylla 7><'6. ft Europe 1598 

The rariouA-Ieared WUlow. 

195. hikmilis Dec. jh . . 1598 

The humble Willow. 

196. Jacquinit Host. Jk Alps - 1598 

Jiic<]nin'» Willow. 
S.J^isea Jacq. 
8. atpkna Scop. 
S. JacquinUna Wllld. 

197. livida Wahlenb. ft . .1596 

? ^ The UTld-Zraml WUlow. 

8. artnitnda y Lin. Fl. SttCC. 

? S. ttrbH$emta fi Un. 8p. PI. 

S. Starkrknm. WiUd. 

? S.^tOrfM Afzel. 

8. malifbiia Bew. 

8. Ucohr Ehrh. 

8. Uvida Hook. 



198. longifolia Afiihlenb. 
Susquehanna 

The lnng.leeved Willow. 



Banks of the 

- 1599 



199. mespilifolia SchL ft Switzerland 1599 

The Mespiiuft-IeaTed Willow. 

200. murina Sch'. ft Switzerland • 1599 

The MouM Willow. 

201. myricoldes Miihlenb. ft N. Am. 1599 

The MrTira-IIke Willow. 



CONTENTS. 



CXXI 



2. nervosa S€AK A Switzerland 

The norrcd-tomil Willow. 



- 1599 



S. obtusa Link. "Jk Switzerland . 1599 

The bliaic4MNrf Wniov. 



4. obtusifolia IVUld, dft Lapland 

The obtu9»4«aT«d IjipUnd WiUow. 

K.jmU eU6ttgU. Sre.^in. Pi. Lapp. 

S, cimna fi Lin. Sp. Pi. 

S. Orim i^v^HrU, Sfc., Rndd. 



1599 



)5. obtilsi-serratis &^ A Switzerland 1599 

The abtaMl7-«cnated./««nrf WiUov. 

96. pallescens 5cAiL fl 

ThepAleWIUov. 

07. paludosa ZiitJL d 

The Uanh WUlov. 



Switzerland 1599 

- 1600 

- 1600 



X)6. perstczefulia .^orf. il 

Thi PcMh-cra»4Mved Willow. 

209. pyrenaica Gouok, Jk Pyrenees 1600 

The Fjrmma Willow. 



210. pyrifolia SchL A Switzerland 1600 

The Ftar-cne-tevcd Willow. 



SI I. recurrita Pitrsh, % N. America. 1600 

WUlow. 



212. nlTi^efolia Lk. A Portugal - 1600 

Tbe8m»4eavod WUlow. 

6. fdtula Herinc* 8^* Hdv. 
8. cUifbUa Her. SeJ. eniec. 
8. oUatfMa VIU. 

s. #h««te« iruu. 



213. Sehradendiia Willd. 

Mnderli Wniow. 

S. ntuvt ot SclU MU 



21i septentrionalis .ffot/. 

TWoanhcm WUlew. 



- 1600 



- 1600 



215. Kileaaca Wtttd. A Sweden, &c. 1601 

n» WMwim WUlow. 

216. StarkedNa Willd. A SUesia . 1601 

^vke'ft Jtetfoiv. or iki Mar A SiUtiam WUlow. 

217. tetrindra Host, A . - 1601 

ThtflMTftaoMned WUlow. 



- 1601 



218. thymelaeoldes Host j 

The Wild-OU««4ike WiUow. 



S19. Treririna Lk. A 

TminntM^ WUlow. 


- 1601 


230. Tdutlna WUld, A 

Hie veirei WUlow. 


- 1601 


221. versiioUa Spreng, j» 

The twiniaglettTed H^low. 


- 1601 


222. raccinioldes Host, m 

The Veccinium-Uke WUlow. 


- 1601 



223. Waldsteimaiui Willd. A Croatian Alps 

W«idMla% WUlow. i/;01 

•^4. Wulfeniaaa Willd. A Carinthia 1601 

Walfcn'k WUlow. 

a. AotMte Mr. Koch Comm. 
? 8. fJkgtie^otta Wolf. 

^Pp> i* iTiad!* q/* SdOx described or recorded 
i* Botanical Works, but fiot introduced into 
Britain, or not known by these Names in 
British Gardens. - - 1602 

a. Br. A Kofth America. 
AM. A 



S. ro»trkUi Rich, fk 

s. cinerixmA UtUc M.SS. A Portugal. 
The jbli-roloured Purtvguese Willow. 

? 8. grMdifiilia Ser. 
S. gtandifttllM Scr. Sal. Htlv. A 

8. stijmUrU Ser. Sal. exaicc. 

? 8. cinrnucen* Link. 
8. diTmrlchta Pail. .Jn Dauria. 
.v. hiniku Tkunb. A Cape of (iootl Hope. 
S. iwdlcrlUta Daf. ? ^ Karbary. 

The stalkLd Itarbary Sallow. 
S. (ntcfcra Tkunb. Jk Japan. 

^The entlrvWeatvW Japan M'illow. 
S. J4p(}nica Tkunb. ¥ Japan. 

HJu, vulf(o Atf^l, Kaerapfer. 
S. mucnciAta Tkunb. A Cape of Good, Hope. 
S. rbamnifolia Pail. -i< Siberia. 

8. puwdta^fttUia twdiiim: Src, Gmel. 

S. SerinicedM Gaudin in Ser. Sal. Helv. A Switzerland. 
8. iannalAta Ser. Hal. exairc., No. 70. 
8. ICanderihxui Ser. Sal. exticc.. No. 48. 
8. tomgifalia Schl. Cat. 



Pate 



S. lerdUna Paii. A ^ WuIffS 
8p. PI. 
K. ttfOffitUica WUlcl. 



S. cAprea y Lin. 
K. ttfcjfptlaca Wi 



1635 



1454. 1636 



App. ii. Kiruls of Sdlix figured or described 
in the Salictum Wobumense. - 1631 

App. iii. Koch's Arrangement of the Sfiecies 
of Sdlix indigenous to Europe ; includingy 
also, some extra- European Species, with re- 
ferences to the pages in this work, where each 
species is described. - - 1633 

App. iv. Kinds of Sdlix described in HosVs 
Flora Austriaca, and figured in Hosts 
Salix. 

IL PCyPULUS Toum. It 

Tub Poplar. 

Peuplier. Fr. 
Pappci, Ger. 
Pioppo, Ital. 
Poplier, Dutch. 
Atamo, Span. 

1. alba L. ± Europe pi. 262. f. 1507. 1638 

The white Poplar, or Abcle Tree. 
P. dlba laiifbUa Lob. 
Tdpulus No. 1634. Hall. Hist. 
P. nU(for Mill. 
P. nivea Willd. 
P. dlha ntvea Mart. 
Leuki Dioscoridos. 
The great white Poplar, great Aspen, Dutch 

Beech. 
Peuplier blanc, Ypre'au bUmcde Itol/ande, 

Franc Picard, Fr. ; Aubo, or Aoubcro, 

in some Provinces. 
Weitse Pappel, Silber Pappel, H'eiue Aspe, 

Wcisiatoer Baum, Ger. 
Abeelboom, Dutch. 

Varieties - - 1639 

2. (a.) canescens Sm. It Britain 

pi. 268. fig. 1508. 1639 
The grey, or comnum white. Poplar. 
P. dllM Mill. 

P. dtbafotiit minoribta Ray. 
P. dlbafdtio mitidre Bauh. 
P. No. 1034 /3 Hall. Hist. 
Peuplier grinaiUe, Fr. 

Varieties It - - 16-10 

2 bybrida Bieh. Fi. Tour. 
P. fitha Blob. 1. r. 
V P. »/*/<Tm«'///Vi Mprtrn». 
V. /I. crassifolia Morten*. 
V. prisea Lo«ld. C\it. 

O 



CXXll 



CONTENTS. 



Pfte 

3 acerifolift It 

P. ticertfdlia Lodd. Cat. 
P. qurrcifHia Hort. 
P. palmaia Hort. 

4 aremb^rgica^ 

P. aremb&gica Lodd. Cat. 

5 belgica Ht 

P. belgica Lodd. Cat. 

6 dmdicans t 

P. cdndicans Lodd. Cat. 

7 nivea 3t 

P. nlvea Lodd. Cat. 

8 aegyptlaca Hort, It 

P. a. pAUida Hort. 

OlA/T- VariftieM. 

9 p^ndula. f 

p. a. Mr. grdalU rimu ftnd^KtibmM Mcr- 
tcn». 

3. tn'imula L, 5f Europe 

pi. 264. fig. 1509. 1645 

The tTemhUng-lfaved Poplar, or Atpen. 
P. No. 1633. Hall. Hist. 
P. Ubyca Ray. 
P. kfbrida Dod. 
P. nigra Trag. 
P. pJnduia Du Roi. 
Ltf TremhUt Fr. 

7wi Tremota, Alberaila, Alberetto, Ital. 
Zi/<!«- Pappei, Etpe, Ger. 

rarie/»M I - - 1509 

1 monticola ¥ 

P. monticola Merteni . 
? P. trihnula L. 

2 parvifolia Mertens* It 

3 grandifolia Mertens. 5f 

4 rotundifolia major Mertens, It 

5 minor Mertens, 3! 

6 oiyod6nta It 

P. oryodSnia Merteni. 

7 stricta at 

P. stricta Mertens. 

8 p^ndula It pi. '265. 

P. pfnduia Lodd. Cat. 

9 suplna t 

S. niphM Lodd. Cat. 
10 Uerigdta t 

P. Ltvigdta Ait. 

4. (t.) tr6pida Wiild, It North America 

fig. 1510. 1649 
Ttie North American trembling-Z^avAf Poplar, 
or American Aspen. 

P. tremuioides Mkhx. 

5. (t.) grandident^ta Michx. 5 Canada 

1651 

The largc-toothed4M*«( Poplar, or North Ame- 
rican targe Aspen. 

Variety X - - 1651 

2 p^ndula Miehx, It 

6. grae'ca Ait, It Greece 

pi. 266. fiff. 1512. 1651 
The Grecian, or AthenioHt Poplar. 

7. nigra L, It Europe pi. 267, 268/269. 

fig. 1513, 1514. 1652 

The black-6<irii'<^, or common black, Poplar. 
P. No. 1632. Hall. Hist. 
P. <Uba Trag. 
P. viminea Du Ham. 
Aigeiros, Gre«?k. 
Kabnki. Modern Greek. 



fig. 1516. 1656 



The old English Poplar, Siiflblk. 

The Willow Poplar, Cambridge* hire. 

Water Poplar. 

Cotton Tree, fern, of P. nigra so called at 

Bury St. Edmund*. 
Peuplier noir, Peuplier Ward, Osier blanc, 

Fr. 
Schwarxe Pappel, Ger. 

Varieties It - - 1652 

2 viridis LindL *!t 

P. viridis Lodd. Cat. 

3 «a1icif61ia *!t 

P. taiici/blia Lodd. Cat. 

8. (n.) canadensis Michx, $ N.America 

fig. 1515. 1655 

The Canadian Poplar. 

P. Uevigdta Willd., not of Hort. Kew. 
P. numiUfera Hort. Par. 
Cotton Wood, Michx. 
Peuplier de Canada, Fr. 

9. (n.) 6etulif61ia Pursh, 3f Banks of the 

Hudson 

The Birch-leaved Poplar. 
P. n\gra Michx. Fl. 
P. kudstmiea Michx. Arb. 
P. hudsonidna Bote. 
American Black Poplar, Amer. 
Peuplier de la Baie iT Hudson, Fr. 

10. monilifera Ait, It ? Canada 

pi. 270, 27 1 , 272. fig. 1 5 1 7. 1 657 
The Necklace-bearing, or black Italian, Poplar. 
P. virginidna L. 
P. glmtdutitsa Moroch Meth. 
P. caroUninsis Moench Weissenst. 
P. nigta itdlica Lodd. Cat. 
P. fii^a americdna Lodd. Cat. 
P. aelad4sca Lindl. 
? P. maryldndica Bote. 
Virffinian Poplar, Swiss Poplar, Cana- 
dian, or Berry-bearing, Poplar, Mill. 
Peuplier Suisse, Peuplier triphUon, PeU' 
plier de Virginie, Dumont. 

Varieties It - - 1657 

2 Lindleydiuz Booth, t 

The new waved-leaved Poplar, 
Hort. 

3 foliis varicgatis Hort, 1 

11. fastigiata If Italy 

pl.273. fig. 1519, 1520. 
The futigiate, or Lombardy, Poplar. 
P. dilatata Ait. 
P. nigra itdlica Du Roi. 
P. itdlica Moench Weissenst. 
P. itdlica dilatdta Willd. 
P. pyramidAta Hort. 
P. panndnica Jacq. 
P. itdlica var. carolin^nsis Burgsdorf. 
Cypreu Poplar, Turin Poplar, Po Poplar, 

Peuplier d*Italie, Peuplier pyramidal, 

Fr. 
Lombardische Pnppel, ItaUanische Pappel, 

Ger. 
Pioppo Cypresso, Ital. 

12. anguliSita Ait, t North America 

nl. 274, 275. fig. 1533. 1670 
The angled-oroncA/^, or CartMna, Poplar. 
P. angulbsa Michx. 
P. heterophifUa Du Roi. 
P. macroph^Ua Lodd. Cat. 
P. balsamifera Mill. 
Mississippi Cotton Tree, Amer 

Varieties X 

2 nova Audihert It 

3 Mediisfl! Booth. Y 



1660 



- 1671 



CONTENTS. 



CXXUl 



Page 

IXheterophyllaZ. 5 N. Am. f. 1534. 1672 

Tktf TanouisAmped-lesved PopUr Tree. 

P. wt4gma,/oUiM ampliSt aiuscordifonnibtu, 

aau nArottrndiM^nrimoributtotnentoiig, 

Groo. 
P. cordifdiia Burgsdorf. 
P. €n^HUea Mkbs. 
Cottm Tree, Michx. N. A. S. 

14. babamifera L. ^ North America 

pi. 276. fig. 1535, 1536. 1673 
TtwlMlsam-bearingJ^oplar, or Tacamahac Tree. 
P. TaninaMca MiU, 



The Tacamakac, Amer. 

Le Bmmmier, Ft. 

Pewplur Hard, Tacamahac, in Canada. 

IfaltViwi Pappel, Ger. 

FarieHeslt. - - 1673 

2 viminalis % Altai. 

P. HmimdUi Lodd. Cat. 
P. utUcifMia Hort. 
P. longifoita Fischer. 

3 latifolia Hort. t 

4 intennedia Hort. ^ Dahuria 

5 suBT^lens ^ 

P. tuavMens Fischer, and Lodd. 
Cat. 

6 foliis variegatis Afill. ± 

o. ciadlcsLUs Ait. It North America 

pi. 277. fig. 1557. 1676 
T>w wMtUh-ieawed baUam-bearii^, or Oniario, 
Poplar. 

P. maerophfUa lAaAl. 

P. latifblia Moench Meth. 

P. ontarihuis Deif. 

P. cordaia Ixxid. Cat. 

P. eamatUmtiM Moench Weissciist., not of 

Michx. 
BmimqfGilead Tree, Boston. 
PempUer Uard, Canada. 
PeupUer h FeuiUet vemiu<l€i, Fr. 



^ehddcecB. $ * 



- 1677 
- 1677 



>rLNUS Toum. 5 A 

Tarn Ai^sK' 

BStuUe Spedet L. 
Aune, Fr 
JSrle. Ger. 
OmIoiw, Ital. 
AHio, Span. 

glutindsa Gartn, ¥ Europe 

pi. 278. fig. 1538. 1678 
Tlw ^utiiiotis, or mmmon. Alder. 
B^tmims A'inus L. 
BSttUa emargindta Ehrh. 
A'AMtf RajT. 
Amme, Fr. 

GrMWistf £/:«f , f/s^, Schwartz Erie, Ger. 
ir«i«nAoom, Dutch. 
AhiOt Ontano, Ital. 
AUaOt Alamo nigra. Span. 

FarirfiM !t - - 1678 

2einargindta WiUd. It 

S laclniata Wind. It 

A.g. iiu^a Hort. fig. 1538. 

4 9uercifdiia WiOd. 1 

5 oxyacanthefoUa ^ fig. 1539. 

A. ozffacatUhteJhiia Lodd. Cat. 

6 macrocdrpa !it 

A. macrocdrpa Lodd. Cut. 

7 fMUs variegatis Hort. ^ 
Other Varieties. 



2. (g.) oblongata ^ri/Zc/. A !lf Hungary 

1687 
The oblong-Zlfat^ Alder. 

A'lntujul. obiong., ^., Bauh. 
A. yd/. ovdto-Umcfol., tfc, Bliil. 
Langliche Else, Ger. 

Farirty « $ - - 1687 

2 foUis elllpticis Ait. ft !i^ 
A. pumila Lodd. Cat. 

3. incana H^i//rf. X N. Am. f. 1543. 1687 

The hourj'leaved Alder. 

B^iuta A'AMtf var. t'neina L. Sp. Pi. 
Biiula mdtna L. Supp. 
A . Jblio inedno, &c. , Bauh . 
BfhUa piridiM Vlll. 

fVeitse Erie, firaue Else, Weisse EOer, 
Ger. 

VarieHes $ - - 1688 

2 laciniata £od^. Cat. ^ 

3 glaijca 3! 

A. glaica Michx. 

Bituta inedna var. gtaUca Ait. 

Blaek Alder, Amer. 

4 angulata ^i7. 1 

Other Varieties. 
' 1 

A. atmericAma Lodd. Cat. 
?2. 

A. canadensis Lodd. Cat 
?3. 

A. rftfrra Lodd. Cat. 

4. serrulata W'tlld. • North America 

fig. 1544. 1688 

The w^i-leaved Alder. 

'RHula serruUUa Ait. 

B4lHla rugdsa Ehrh. 

? A. oni^ricdiM Lodd. Cat. 

? A. canadhuis Lodd. Cat. _' . 

Common AUer, Amer. 

Haxel-Jeaved Alder. 

5. undulata WiUd. A Canada - 1689 

The YraLyed4eaved Alder. 
B^f«/a crispa Ait. 
B^tula Acinus var. crispa Michx. 
A. crispa Pursh. 

6. cordifolia Lodd. It Calabria 

pi. 281. fig. 1545. 1689 
The hcart-leared Alder. 
A. cordAta Tenore. 

7. viridis Dec. a Hungary f. 1546. 168 

The green-2ratK'd Alder. 

A. ovhta Lodd. Bot. Cab. 
A.fruticdsa Schmidt. 
Bitula ovdta Schrank. 
'BJtula A'lnO'Bituke Ehrh. 
hitula viridis Hort. 

App. i. Other Species of A'lnus. 1 690 

^. obtusifMU Hov/'. Banks of the Jomna. 
A. elonjriua Royle. Ca«hincn. 
A.neptMo^Rpyk. Nepal. 



H. ^E'TULA Tount. A It 
Thk Birch. 

Bouleau, Fr. 

Betula, Ital. 

Abedul, Span. 

BetuUa, Port. 

Birke, Ger. 

Berk, Dutch. 

Birk, Danish and Scotch. 

Biork, Bark, Swedish. 

Beresa, Russian. 

Brxoza, Polish. 

/ .02 



. 1690 



CXXIV 



CONTENTS. 



Leaves snuM. Natives chiefiy qf Europe. 

1. alba L. $ Europe f. 1547. 1550. 1691 

The white, or eommon. Birch. 
B. puMseens Ehrh. , 
lietula Ray. 
B. tetnintit Rafln. 
Bouleau commun, Fr. 
Genuine Birke, Gr. 

Varieties ± - - 1691 

2 p^ndula Sm, It pi. 282. 
The weeping Birch. 

B. phtdula Roth. 

B. verntcina Ehrh. 

B. penduiis virguiit hoes. 

3 pubC*sccns !il^ fig. 1548. 

B. pubJsccns Ehrh. 

4 pontica It fig. 1549. 

B. pontica Lodd. Cat. 

5 tcrticifolia *i. 

B. nrticifAlia Lodd. Cat. 

6 dalocarlica L. Siifip. $ 

7 macrocArpa »rii/i(. ^ 

8 f%Ilb Tmilcgktb DimiMf. ¥ 

Other Varieties. 

2. daiirica Poi/. a * Dauria f. 1556. 1704 

The Daurian Birch. 

B. exedUa eanadhuis Wang. 
Bouleau de Sibfrie, Fr. 

Variety A It - - 1705 

2 parvifolia Sk It 

3. fruticosa Pall, a Eastern Siberia, &c. 

fig. 1557. 1705 
The shrubby Birch. 

B. humilis Schrank. 

B. quebecchuis Schrifl. der Ges. Naturf. 

4. piimila Lt A Canada fig. 1558. 1705 

The hairy dwarf Birch. 
B. nitna Kalm. 

5 nana L, a Lapland, &c. f. 1559. 1705 
The ilwarr Birch. 

B. ndna Suecdrum Bromel. 

B. No. 359. Amm. Ruth. 

B. pai6*tris pkmilat fc., CeU. 

Variety A - - 1706 

2 stricta Lodd, Cat. A 

6. glanduloia Afichx. A Canada - 1707 

111* gUutdulax-brtmehtd Birch. 
leaves large. Natives i^ North America. 

7. (a.) /7opulUolia AU. t North America 

pi. 283. fig. 1560. 1707 
The Poplar-leaTed Birch. 
B. acuminata Ehrh. 
B. idnta Du Roi. 
White Birch and Oilfield Birch, Axner. 

Varieties I - - 1707 

2 laciniitta 1^ 

B. lacinidta Lodd. Cat. 
S p^dula It 

B. ptndula Lodd. Cat. 

8. papyr^cea Ait, t North America 

pi. 284. fig. 1561. 1708 
The Paper Birch. 

B. papyrifera Michx. 

B. lanceoMta Hort. 

B. rkbra lA>dd. C.it. 

B. eanadhuis Lodd. Cat. 

B. nygra of the Parif Nurkerio«.. 

Camte Birch, White Birch, Amer. 



PaRc 

Varieties *!t - - 1708 

2 fiisca ^ Carolina. 

3 trichOclada Hort. V 

4 platyphjrlU Hort. J^ 

9. nigra L. '!t North America 

pi. 285, 286. fig. 1562, 1563. 1710 
The black Birch. 

B. lanuidsa Michx. FI. 
? B. ritbra Michx. Arb. 
B. ansuUtta Lodd. Cat 
Red Birch, Amer. 

10. excclsa H, Kctv, I North America 

fig. 1564, 1565. 1711 

The tail Birch. 

B. Ihtea Michx. 
? B. n\gra Du Roi. 
YeUow Birch, Amer. 

11. lentaL. I N. Amer. f. 1566. 1713 

The pliant Birch. 

B. carpininHia Ehrh. 
B. nigra Du Roi. 

Black Birch, Cherry Birch, Canada Birch, 
Sweet Birch, Mountain Mahogtmy, Amer. 
Bouleau Mtfrisier, Fr. 

A pp. 1. Species of Birch not yet introduced. 

1714 

B. Bhojinittra Wall. KjmMa. 
B. aciiiniiiAU Wait. Nepal. 
n. nitida. Kaniaon. 
n. cyllndrmt^hra. Kamaon. 
A. reainifcn. Kunawar. 



CorylacecB^ or CupulifercB, \ 7 1 

% ± A m M 



5 



I. QUE'RCUS L. * f a •>. 1715. 1717 

Tub Oak. 

riex Toum. 
Sd&rr Toum. 
Derw, Celtic. 
Aaack, Ac, Saxon. 
Al, Alan, AUun, Hebrew. 
Drus, Greek. 
Chine, Ft. 
t; Eiche, Ger. 
Eik, Dutch. 
Quercia, Ital. 
JSncina, Span. 

A. Leaves daiduous. 

§ i. Rbbur, British Oaks. It 1730, 1731 

1. pcdunculata Willd, It Britain 

pi. 287, 288, 289. fig. 1567. 1581, 

1582. - - 1731. 1740 

The common, or pedunded, British Oak. 
Q. YLdbur L. 

Q. R. peduneul&tum Biart. 
Q.fcefmina Roth. 
Q. racemdsa N. Du Ham. 
Q. cum longo pendunculo Bauh. 
Q. Hdmeris Daledi. 
Qudrcus Fuch». 
Q. navdlts Burnet. 
Chifte Nane, Secondat. 
Chine d Urappes, ChSnefrmeUe, Cravclin, 

Fr. 
StiH Eiche, frUh Eiche, Thai Eichc, Lohc 

Eiche, Wald Eiche, Ccr. 



CONTENTS. 



CXXV 



Pan* 

VarieHtM !K - - 1731 

2 pub^acens IxMid. Cat, It 

3 lastigi^ta 1 pi. 290. 

Q.faaUsiiUa Lam. Diet. 
Q. pgramidiU* Hort. 
Ckime esprit, Ckint df$ Pyrinict, 
Ft. 

4 pendula t fig. 1568. 
The weeping Oak. 

Q. pMula Lodd. Cat. 

5 beterophylU It fig. 1560. 1570. 

Q. taUhf^Ua Hort. 
Q. UtemiUta Lodd. Cat. 
Q. UUcifUia Hort. 
Q. FntM^cfi Hort. 

6 foliis yariegatis 2^(m2<2. Cat. X 

7 purpi^rea !i£ 

Q. purfkrea Lodd. Cat. 

8 Uod^nsit Lodd. Cat !if 

9 dfilcia. 5 

Dnld. 

Other VarieUes. 

. se»lifl6ra Sal. t Britain pi. 291, 292, 
293. fig. 1572, 1585, 1586 - 1736 
TW «eHlle-m>wered Oak. 
Q. BUmr WiUd. 
Q. R. ror. «^Mi^ Mart. 
Q. tisMilit Ehrh. 

Q. plaimkfUos, mas etfam.^ Dalech. 
Q. latMlia mat, ^c, Baiih. 
Q. regdtii Burnet. 
C*^ male, Secondat. 
Ckrstnmi Oak, Baif Oak. 
Chine romre or rouvre, Durcltn, Fr. 
SUhte Eieke, Gcmfine Eiche, Sodl Eicke, 

Winter Eiche, Durr Eiche, Hoik Eiche, 

Berg Eicke, Ger. 
Qmerda vera, Ital. 
itoMr, Span. 

VarieHes 5 - - 1736 

2 pubeacens It fig. 1573. 
Q. $. par. fi Sm. 
Q. mibitcent Willd. 
Q. K. l anm g in dsum Lam. Diet. 
The Durmast, Mart. FI. Kiut. 

Otker Varieties - - 1737 

1 Lc Chene a Trochets, or Chene 

a petits Glands, Bote, 

2 Le Chene a Feuilles d^oupees. 

Bote, 

3 Le Chene laineux, or Chene des 

Collines, Bosc. 

4 Le Chene noiratre, Base, 

Mr. Bree's Varieties. - 1738 

1 fmenaica Wilid, * Pyrenees 

^' fig. 1696. 1842 

ThePrreDean Oak. 
Q. Ta&sin Pers. 
Q. i^gra Thore. 
Q. TImBosc. 
Q. stolanSfera Lapeyr. 
CUiv Mwr, Secondat. 

Varieties - - 1844 

1 With large acorns, on pedun- 

cles, axillary and terminal, 
N, J)u Ham. 

2 With axillary acorns of a iniddli; 

siae, A^. Du Ham. 



3 With small acorns, on long ra- 
cemes, N. Du Ham, 
Q. Tadxin lacini&ta Detvatu. 
Q. Tauxm diglUU Desvaux. 

4. apennlna i>im. % Lyons fig. 1698. 1844 

The Apaiminc Oak. 

Q. eomglamrrtta P«n. 
CMmehivemal, Pr. 

5. .Csculus L, It South of Europe 

pi. 294. fig. 1699, 1670. 1844 
The Escului, or Italian, Oak. ' 

Vkdgus E'sculms mas et/oem. Dalech. 
Ckine grec, Fr. 

Varietieg - - 1845 

§ ii. Cirris, Mosty^eupped, or Turkey, Oaks, 

It 1 1730. 1846 

6. Cdrris L, It France 

pi. 295, 296, 297. fig. 1702. 1846 
The bitter, or mossy-cupped. Oak. 
Q. crinita m andh Lam. Diet. 
Q. HaltphUe'os Jum. 
Q. burgundlaea, Ac, Bauh. 
Q. C^rris Plinil, %c.. Lob. 
C4rrus Dalech. 
The Turkey Oak, the Iron or Wainscot 

Oak. 
Chine Cerris, Chine de Bourgognc, Fr. 
Burgundische Eiche, Cerr-eiche, Ger. 

Varietieg It - - 1847 



* Foliage deciduous, 

a. Leaves pinnated or sinuated. Cups 
qf the Acorns mossy. 

1 vulgaris 5 fig. 1702. 

Q. C.frondAsa Mill. 

Subvarieu'es $ 
See Hg. 1 703, 1 704, 1 705, and 

1706. in p. 1846, 1847. 

2 pendula NeiU, It fig. 1707. 
The pcndulouB, or weeping, T\iriey 

Oak. 

3 variegata Lodd. Cat. t 

b. Leaves denttUe. Cups qfthe Acorns 
bristqf. 

4 austriaca ¥ fig. 1708. pL 298. 

Q. austriaca Willd. 

Q. C^m Host, « and /3 No. 28. 

Q. crinMa y Cirris L. 

Q. calyce hitpido,'^c., Bauh. 

Cirrus Clus. 

Cirri minuris rdmtdus cum Jlore, 

Ger. 
C^ris PDnii minore glande Lob. 
E'gilops mini^re gldnde Dod. 
naliphlae"os Cirris foe'nuna Da- 

5 cana m^jor 1^ fig. 1 709. 

Q. cdna miOor Lodd. Cat. 

6 cana minor x 

Q. cdna minor Lodd. Cat. 

7 Ragnal It 
The Ragnal Oak. 

Q. Bdgnal Lodd. Cat. 

•• Foliage subevergrecn. Leaves dentate. 
Acorns with bristly Cups. 

8 fulham^nsis It pi. 299, 300, 

301. fig. 1710, 1711. 
The Fulham Oak. 
Q. C. dentata Wats. 
Q. C. hybrida vat. dcnlida Swt. 



CXXVl 



CONTENTS. 



9 Lucombedna It pi. 300. 303, 

304, 305. fig. 1712, 1713, 

1714. 
The Lucotnbe Oak. 
Q. LucombeAntL Swt. 
Q. exonidntis Lodd. Cat. 
The Evergreen Turkeu Oak, the 
Devonshire Oak^ the Exeter Oak. 

♦♦• Foliage evergreen, or very nea/rlff so. 
Leaves varying from dentate to tmuate. 
Cups qfthe Acorns bristly. 

10 L. crispa t pi. 306. fig. 1715. 

1717. c, 1718. 
The new Lucombe Oak. 

Q. Lucombe&ntL crispa Hort. 

11 L. suberosa f. fig. 1717a. 

Q. L. subcrdsa Hort. 

12 L. incisa f. fig. 1717. h. 

Q. L, incisa Hort. 
J 3 L. dentita t fig. 1716. 

Q. L. dentdta Hort. 
14 heteroph^lla 1 fig. 1719. 

Q. L. heteroph^Ua Hort. 
Other Varieties. 
Q. a bull^ta. 
The blistered, or rough4eaved, Turkey 

Oak. 
Q. C, dentita p^ndula. 

7. -^gilops L. It Greece, &c. 

pi. 307,308. fig. 1721. 1861 
The iEgilops, or Valonia, Oak. 
Q. orientdlis, Ac., Toum.« 
jt'gilops sive Cirrus mds C. Bauh. 
VeUni Toum. 
Gldns Cirri Dalecb. 
The Great Prickiy-cupped Oak. 
Chine Velani, Fr. 
Chine Fetanide, Bosc. 
Knopper Eiche, Qer. 

Varieties I - - 1862 

2 p^ndula !K 

3 Utifolla Hort. It 

§ iii. A'lba, White American Oaks. It 

1730. 1863 

8. alba L. 5 North America pi. 309. 

fig. 1722. a, 1723. 1726,1727. 1864 
The American white Oak. 
Q. dlba virginidna Park. 
Q. a. nin$satifida Walt 
Q. pauutris Marih. 
Chine blanc de FAmirique, Fr. 
Weisse Eiche, Ger. 

VarieHes X - - 1864 

1 pinnatifida Michx, It f.l723. a. 

Q. dlba Ban. 

Q. virginiina Catesb. 

Q. a. palHstris Marib. 

2 rep4nda Michx, ^ fig. 1723. 6, 

1724. 

9. olivacf6rmi8 Michx, It Banks of the 

Hudson - fig. 1730. 1869 

The oUve-sbaped-Zrv/Y^ American Oak. 
The mossy-cupped Oak, Amer. 

10. macrocirpa WH/d. It United States 

pi. 310. %. 1722. A, 1731. 1869 
The large-firuited American Oak. 

Theover.cup white Oak, Bur Oak, .\incr. 
Chinedgros Glands, Chine frisi, Fr. 
hross'fruchtige Eiche, Ger. 



1 1. obtusiloba HHchx. $ North America 

pi. 31 1. fig. 1732. 1722. c, 1870 
The blunt-lobed-^atftrcf, or Post, Oak. 
Q. stetldta Willd. 

Iron Oak, Box tehite Oak, American Tur- 
key Oak, Upland white Oak, Amer. 

12. lyrhta Wait, I North America 

fig. 1733, 1734. 1871 
The lyrate, or over-cup. Oak. 

Swamp Post Oakt Water white Oak, Amer. 

§ i?. Frinus. Chestnut Oaks. It 1730. 1872 

13. Prions L. $ North America 1872 

The Prinufl, or Chestnut-leaved, Oak. 
Varieties. 2 

1 paKistris Michx. Fl. It pi. 312. 

fig. 1735. - 1872 

Q. P. palitstris Michx. Syl. 
Q. Vrinos L. 

g. castanet^dUis, SfC, Pluk. 
The Swamp Chestnut Oak, tke 
Chestnut white Oak. 

2 monticola Michx. FL It pi. 3 13. 

fig. 1736. . - 1873 

Q. P. montfcola Michx. fil. 
Q. mont^na Willd. 
Q. Vrhtus Sm. 
The Rock Chestnut Oak. 

3 acumlnaU Michx. FL If f. 1737. 

1875 
Q. P. aeumindta Michx. fil. 
Q. CastAnea WUld. 
The yellow Oak. 

4 pi^mila Michx. FL I fig. 1 7:18. 

1722. e. - 1875 

Q. P. Chinquapin Michx. fit. 

Q. Chinquapin Pursh. 

Q. ^rinoidcs Willd. 

The Chinquapin, or Dwarf Chest- 
nut, Oak. 

5 tomentosa Michx. FL !t pi. 314. 

fig. 1722. d, 1739. 1876 
Q. P. discolor Michx. fil. 
Q. bieolor Willd. 
Q. Miehatixi Nutt. 
The Swamp white Oak. . 

§ V. RiUnra, Red American Oaks. It 

1730. 1877. 

14. rubra L. 't North America pi. 315, 

316, 317. fig. 1740. to 1744. 1877 
The red, or Champion, Oak. 

Q. E'seuli divisurd, ^., Pluk. 

Varieties It - - 1877 

Q. riibra latifolia S 

Q.rMraL. 

The Champion Oak. 
Q. rubra mont^na ¥ 
The mountain red Oak. 

15. coccfnea Willd. 1 South America 

pi. 318, 319. fig. 1746, 1747, \1A». 

1879 
The scarlet Oak. 

Q. rkbra fi Ait. 

16. ainb(gua Willd. 1 North America 

pi. 320. fig. 1749. 1881 
The ambiguous, or grey, Oak. 
Q. borcilis Michx. 



CONTENTS. 



CXXVll 



17. ialcata Afichx. i North America 

fig. 1750, 1751. 1882 
The firkle-sluiped, or Spamsk, Oak. 
Q. dUeoior Alt. 
Q. ekmgdta Willd. 
Q. I^HOa Lodd. Cat. 
Q. rMMMla Wang. 
Q. trifo&B Willd. 
Tir dowt^f-^eaved Oak. 

18. tinctona If «//rf. 1 North America 

pi. 321. fig. 1753, 1754. 1884 
The Qmrreartm^ or Dyer's Oak. 
Q. rirginitmay Ac.^ Fluk. 
Q. diMcolor Villd. 
Tike black Oak. Amer. 
C^Wiie d£» Teinturitrs, Fr. 

VaHeHeilt - - 1885 

1 angulosa AftcAx. X f. 1753, 1754 

Q. nigra Pursh. 
Q. amerietina Pluk. 
Q. velut'tna iMta. Diet. 
Q. tmctdHa Bart. 

2 sinuosa Michx, It fig. 1755, 

1756, 1757. 
Q. nigra Wang. 

19. palustris WUid. ? North America 

pi. 322. fig. 1758, 1759. 1887 
Tbe Marsh, or Pm^ Oak. 

Q. mont^na Lodd. Cat. 
Q. BeaUtteri Lodd. Cat. 

20. Catesb^E-'i Willd. t North America 

fig. 1762, 1763. 1889 
The barren Servb Oak. 

Q. r libra fi Abb. and Sm. 
Q. K'semii divisUra, 4^c., Cat. 

5 tL S^igmt, Black American Oaks, ^ !l 

17:iO. 1890 

?l. nigra Z*. 5 North America 

fig. 1764, 1765. 1890 
The Mack Jack Oak. 

Q. marjfidndtca, ^c, Ray. 
Q.yiTr«|^«M'a Mirhx. 
Q. aqmdtira Ix)dd. Cat. 
Barrens Oak^ Amer. 

i2 aquntica Soland. *!t. North America 

fig. 1767. 1892 

Tb« Water Oak. 

Q.JbUit cuneifdrmibus, ^rr., Gron. 
Q./itiw ntm terrato, Sfc.t Cat. 
Q. n>ffra Willd. 
Q. uligindta Wangh. 

Farieties It - .1892 

2 nkna If fig. 1767. 
Tbe dw9Tfiagged Oak. 

Q. aquntica Sm. 
Q. a. elongdta Ait. 
Q. dentdta Bart. 
Q. mifM WUld. 

3 maritJma Michx, 'i 

Q. hemitphee'rica Willd. 

0/Arr Varieties. 
See fig. 1767,1768. 

23. flicifolia Wangh, si North America 

fig. 1770. 1893 

The Holly-leaved, or Sear, Oak. 
(I. BanUteri Michx. 
? Q. aqwftica Abb. et Sm. 
J27arit Scntft OaA-, Dwarf red Oak, Amer. 



Page 

24. hetcrophylla AficAr. 5^ N. Amer. 1894 

The variou-lMTcd, or Dartram't, Oak. 

25. agrifolia ff7^. A North America 1894 

The prickly 4eavcd Ameri<aH Omk. 



§ vii. PA^7/o«. WiUowOaks, 1730. 1894 
¥ A .tt 

26. Phellos L. 3J North America 

pi. 323. fig. 1771. 1894 

The Willow Oak. 

Q. virginidna^ Sfc, Fluk. 
Q. VUx maryldndica Ray. 

Varieties It A - - 1895 

1 sylvdticus Michx. $ fig. 1774. 

2 latifolius Lodd, CaL It pi. 324. 

3 hamilis Pursh. A 

4 serfceus Jt 

a. I'fc/Wo* Sm. 

d. p. p«iM</ia MlchT. 

Q. kumihor adHeiifiJiU hrMor. 

Tke HigUamd WUtmv Oak. 

O. JTrTrra Willd. 

Q. ptnttUa Michx. 

rA« nmrning Oak. 

5 cindreus. V A fig. 1773. 

. y Vj. 
\. P. /9 rJM^rfN* Alt. 
hkmdlit Walt. 
rtWrw Willd. 
\e Vplani WiUon Oak. 

G marltimuR Michx. 

Q. martHma WlUd. 

27. (P.) /aurifolia Jri/Z^/. 5f N. America 

fig. 1776. 1897 

ITic Laurel-leaved Oak. 

The-Laurel Oak, Swamp JViUow Oak. 

Variety It - - 1897 

2 hjbrida Michr. y flg. 1775. 
Q. 1. V. oWiiM Ait 

28. imbricata JFiZ/rf. 5 North America 

fig. 1777. 1898 

The Khingle Oak. 

Q. latifhlia Hort. 

Laurel Oak, Field-Cup Oak, Jack Oak, 

Black Jack Oak, Amer. 
Chitie d Lotus, Fr. 

n. Leaves evergreen. 

§viii. r&x. Holmyor H6ay,0aks. f • 1899 

a. Natives qf Europe. 

29. riex L, t South of Europe 

pi. 325. fig. 1781. 1899 
The common evergreen, or Holm, Oak. 
tlex arbdrea Bauh. 
L' Yeuse, or Chine vert, Fr. 
Steine Eiehe, Ger. 
EUce, Ital. 
Encina, Span. 

Varieties t - - 1899 

1 integp-ifolia !f 

Sm)lax, Dutch. 
Sft^r «en/9u/ta Matth. 

2 »erratifolia Lodd.Cat, 1 f.l778. 
r/^x Matth. 

3/agif61ia Lodd. Cat, 1 « f . 1779. 
PhiUodrys Matth. 
r/M, No. 3. Du Ham.- 

4 crispa Lodd, Cat. 2 il 

5 latifolia Lodd, Cat. 1 pi. 396. 

fig. 1780. 
Q. I. oblAngtt Hort. 



CXXVIU 



CONTENTS. 



6 long! folia Lodd. Cat. 

pi. 327. 
Q. I. MlicifbUa Hort. 

7 variegata Hort, i. tt 
Other Varieties 



Pas* 



- 1900 



30. Baltbta Desf. 



I Barbary 

fig. 1783, 1784. 1905 
The sweet Acorn Oak. 
? VUx mdfor Clus. 
ChSne d Glanda doux, ChHe BaUote^ Fr. 

31. grani^DtiajL. 1 ii Spain, &c. 

pi. 328. fig. 1787, 1788. 1906 
The HoUu-leaved Grammont Oak. 

? Vlexfdliis rotundiOribtu, 4>c., Magn. 
Ckine de Grammont^ Fr. 
WalierMattrige Eiche, Ger. 
Encina dutce, Gouetta, Span. 

32. coccifera L, ii South of Europe 

fig. 1789, 1790, 1791, 1792. 1908 
The KermeMt or Berry> bearing, Oak. 
rUx coceffera Cam. 
Tiex acuUekta cocciglandifera Garid. 
ricx cocctgera, Ger. 
CJkine aux Kermes, Fr. 
Ktrmex Eiche, Ger. 

33. pseildo-coccifera Desf. f ii Algiers 

fig. 1794. 1911 

Tht IUm berry-bminir, or Kermtt, Oak. 
CkSmt ttfnue KermMt Pr. 
Sttekemde Siekt, Ocr. 

34. 5>iiber L. 1 South of Europe 

pi. 329, 330. fig. 1797, 1798. 1800. 

1911 

The Cork Tree. 
Sftfttrr Cam. 
Sdber VrlHUt Matth. 
Skber UajfdUum^ ^c, Du Ham. 



c. Kativcs of Kcpal. 



Pagf 



Chine Lieme^ Fr. 
Kork Eichty Ger. 
Alc^moque, Span. 



. 1911 



Varietiei f. 

2 latifolium 1 

SkUr latifbUum, Ac, Bauh. 

3 angustifolium 1 fig. 1798. 

Skber angustifblium BAuh. 

4 dentatum 1 pi. 331. fig. 1797. 

Q. PseildO'SUberof MiuweU Hill. 

35. Pseiido-iSiiber Desf. t Tuscany, &c. 

fig. 1801. 1917 

The False- Cork Oak. 

Chine faux Liige, Chine de Gibrtdtar, Fr. 
UnuchU Kork Eiehe, Ger. 

b. Natives qf North America. 
§ ix. Virentes. Live Oaks, f 1730. 1918 

36. virens Ait, f North America 

pi. 332. fig. 1802, 1803. 1918 
The green, or Live. Oax. 
Q. VhiUos $ L. 
Q. sempervWens Banitter. 

37. myrtifolia mOd. f Carolina - 1920 

Tlw Mjrnle-lMvad Oak. 



§ X. Landta. Woolly , or downy t leaved 

Oaks, 1 1 7.^0. 1920 

38. lanata Sm. 1 Upper Nepal 

fig. 1804. 1920 

The viooWy-leaved Nepal Oak. 
Q. ianugindsa D. Don., 
g. Uanja Ham. MSS. 
? Q. oblonguta D. Don. 
? Q. incdna Koyie. 

39. annulata Sm. f Upper Nepal 

fig. 1805. 1921 
The ring-cupped Oak. 

Q. PhulfaU Ham. MSS. 
? Q. Kamroopii D. Don. 
Q.giaiica Lodd. Cat. 
? Q. glauca Thunb. 
? Q. acuminata Hort. 

App. i. Oaks in British Gardens, not refer- 
ablef with eertaintj/f to any of the above 
Sections. It t - - - 1922 

40. Turnen Willd. It Thibet f. 1806. 1922 

Turner's Oak. 

Q. h^brida Hort. 
Chine de Turner, Fr. 
Tumersche Eiche, Ger. 

41. h^brida n4na It Hybrid 

fig. 1810, 1811. 1924 

The dwarf hybrid Oak. 

Q. hybrida Lodd. Cat. 

A hybrid between Q. pcdunculdta and Q. 

Vlex, Hort. Soc.Gard. 
Q. hkmiiit Hort. 
Q. ndna Hort. 

42. Fontanesti Guss. ^ Calabria 

fig. 1813. 1925 
Desfontaine's Oak. 

Q. pseilulo.^occlfera of Catros, &c. 

43. ? australis Link, f Gibraltar 

fig. 1814. 1925 
The southern Oak. 

44. Co6k« 1 Gibraltar fig. 1815. 1926 

Captain Cook's Oak. 

45. falkenbergensis Booth. 1 Falkcnberg 

1926 

The Falkenberg Oak. 

App. ii. European kinds of Oaks, not yet in- 

traduced. . - 1926 

O.ikjifnea Lam. Spain, fle. 1816 

Q. mgUivifhOa Lam. IMrt- 

PKafodrfti Ma tngntUfblim, S^., Oalrrh. 
O. McUnpifMia Ptr: Spain 

a M*9d*»iea fi Lam. Wet. 

(^i«e (t FtmUI*$ d' Bfilupt, Bate. 
Q. Bnisttt Bmc. Between F«ri|;ueua and BordMux. 

CMne BrofM, at Nantca. 

VJtffte nain, Banxnii. 
Q. Timinlilit »««. Jwra- 

CkfiM Saute, Ckftu Owirr, Ckhte de Hail, Fr. 

Q. toxra Bo$e. _ 

U Chfmt Afrt, Fr. 
CMne Ltermiea> Bote. 
Ch«ne CaatilUn, aiwc. Kpaln. _ _ . 
Q. IwiUnka LamA. Partugal. fig. 181/ . 

Q. valtidh»m. Cjit. 

Rbter 4., and RMiir S., Clas. 

OdUa, aitt Ktimr mtyfm,^ Ger., and GMa mimmilwt. 

Tht Fartmgmeat Gait Oak, 

CMae dm Fnimgai, Ft. 



cxxx 



CONTENTS. 



P«8* 

4 foliU Tariegatis Lodd. Cat. 1 

5 heteroph^lla It fig. 1875, 1876. 
The rarious, or cut, leaved Beech. 

F. «. iachuiJo Lodd. Cat. 
F. s. uplenifdlia Lodd. Cat 
F. $. incUa Hort. 
F. s. ioiicifdlia Hort. 
Hitre a FeuiUes de Sauk, Fr. 

6 critt^ta Lodd, Cat. pi. 334. 

fig. 1877. 
The crested, or eurted-ieaved. Beech. 
F. s. crlipa llort. 
Hitre Crtte de Coq, Fr. 

7 pendula Lodd. Cat. *t pi. 335, 

336. 
The weeping Beech. 
Hitre Parasol, Fr. 
Other British Varieties or Variations. 

8 americkna ^ 

F. tylvistris Michx. 
White Beech, Amer. 

t. femigf nea ^1^. "1 N.Am. f. 1917. 1980 

TTi^ £nerican femiffinous-tmNKierf Beech. 
F. americdnalati/blia Du Roi. 
Bed Beech, Amer. 

Varieties. 5t 

2 carolini^na It fig. 1915. 

F. earoUnidna Lodd. Cat. 

3 latifolia ¥ fig. 1916. 

F. latifiiia Lee. 

h. Species not yet introduced. 
S. obliqua Mirh. It Chili fig. 1919. 1982 

B. CupuU involucriform i Segments narrow, laci- 
niate. Ovaries lateral^f inserted. Young leaves 
not plicate. 

a. Species introduced into Britain. 

4. ftetuloides Mirh. 1 Terra del Fuego 

fig. 1920. 1982 

Th* Birrh-like, or evergrem. Beech. 
BOuia mntdrttka Font. 

5. antirctica For«#. It Terra del Fuego 1982 

The anurctic Bccoh. 
b. Species not yet introduced into British Gardens. 

6. Domb^yi Mirb. It Chili fig. 1921. 1982 

]l«nb*7% or th* MyrtU-tmvtd; BMth 

7. dikbia Mirb, t Straits of Magellan 

fig. 1932, 1933 

Tht dubtoiu Beech. 

IlL CASTA'NEA Toum. It 1716 

1983 
Thb Chbiitnct. 

Fdgus L. and othen. 
Chdtaignier, Fr. 
Kastanie, Crer. 
Castagno, Ital. 
Castano, Span. 
Castanheiro, Port. 
*. Cattanietnt, Swed. and Dan. 
Keschton, Rum. 

1. T^sca Gterin. It Asia Minor 

pi. 337, 338. 1983 
The eatable, sweet, or Spanish, Chettnat. 
Ydgus Casthnea L. 
Castdnea saH9a MUl. 
Casidma wufgdris Lam. 



Varitiut IE 

A. Botanieat Varieties. 



- 1984 



2 asplenifolia Lodd. Cat. 2 

C. heterophptia Hort. 
C. laa'nidta Hort. 
C. uOicifbUa Hort. 

3 cochleata Lodd, Cat. S 

4 glabra Lodd. Cat, t 

C. v./dlii« lUddis Hort. 

5 gta6ca S 

C. glauca Hort. 

6 variegata It 

C. v./dAw aur^M Lodd. Cat 

7 americAna !il! 

C. visca Michx. 

B. Fruit-bearing Varieties. (Seep.l9li) 



2. pumila Willd. 'St a North Amenca 

fig. 1927, 1928. 8002 

The Dwarf Chestnut, or Chine^pin. 
Ydgus pitmila L. 

CastMca piimila virginiitna, ^c, Flak. 
Chdtairnufr Chincaptn, Fr. 
Zwerck Kastanie, or Casta^fe, Gar. 

App. i. Species of Castanea not yet itdn- 
duced into European Gardens. SOOS 

C. fndlca Jtov. NepaL 

C. RoxMnfalJ LimO. Chlttagang. 

Q/Hfrnu cattamiedrfa tUab. 
C. Rihaeroc^rpa Undl. dUhct. 
C. trttmUiklm Lj«U. Uvpcr Nepal. 

Qu^rau tribmUUst Sm. 

ChUrau Catanjna Hamu MSS. 

' QMtfmM./>mr Roxh. 
r. martabtaica Watl. Maitaban. t§. 19t9. 
C. arRtotca Bliime. Java. Ar. ISSI. 
C. rMvtfmrf Blume. Bantam, fie. 1930. 



C. javiiUca BThhw. Gcdtf. fig. 19; 
iMir. C. j. montiuia JIImm*. 

C. iNOMMna Blume 
C.J. fucteens fi/fune. 
C. in^nnla limtf. Slnnpore. 
C. chlntfnala Jfpmy. Chuw. 



B^Mor. 



IV. CA'RPINUS L.t m 1716. 800* 
Thb Hornbeam. 

Chamte, Fr. 

Haynbuche, or Hainbmdu, Gcr. 

1. ^^tulus L. t Britain 

pi. 338, 339. 20W 
The Birch, or common. Hornbeam. 
Cdrpinus Matth. 
O'strya Bauh. Pin. 
O'mu* Trag. 

FAffiM Bauh. Hist. • 

mtuhaJjOh. 

Varieties It - - S005 

2 incisa LoeU. Cat. t 

C. 9. qtinxt^SlMi Desf. 
C. V. heteroph^Ua Hort. 

3 Tariegata X^odii. Co/. S 

2. (B.) americana Afickx, S N. AmencB 

fig. 1936. SOIS 

The American Hornbeam. 
C. virgnsiina Midix. 

3. (B.) orient&Iifl Lam. 't m AualfiiMf 

fig. 1937. 20H 

The Oriental Hornbeam. 
C. dmnintis Scop. 



CONTENTS. 



T.&STRYAWiUd.i - 1716.2015 



I. mkaria HlUd. X luly 

pl340.341. fig. 1939. 8015 

Corptau cyi/nn Ilotl. CltlT. 
O-jTryd fdrpmf/Urfl ficop, 

t/ilrya Uttliia, tc., Hkhi. 

t (tJ TttglDica WiUd. X North America 
pl.3+a. 1940. 8015 

TW I irplalu Hop HDrsbiam. 



1. Jtetlina L. m Europe fig. 19*1. 8017 



I rjMatru AH. » fig. 1941 
C, AxfUiu SrcDik. 
C. ItlfMri' BtlUl. 

S piiiiulu* s 

C. pAaaj'JW LodU C'Jvt. 
3 hMcrophf 11a a 
-The i»rtoi», er NrtUc. I<«i™d H 
C. *rlrr«i4f ffa Liidd. C*t. 

C. ^rptirra Lodd. CJU- 
C, Un-purfbrca Kort. 

B. Varktkt nthraltiM O^' f 

S lubuldm iig. 1942. * 



BrtriOtrl. 
Lat^rtmmt, or Ijimi 

Xotebrr A»K ) Fmil rat 

6 tabulim ill» A 

7 eiia^E. ^w'T'fig. l' 



9 gloibn'ita Banh. m 

10 bnrcXd^Mis i^u'c 



fmfar;rf A'Kl,^..Hart.8oc. 



Thi; NDilhampton Nut, Sort, 

Soe. Col. 
The NorlhamptOfiibire ProliAci 

Hon. Soc. Cat. 

8. Colurna L. 1 Turkey 

pl.3t3, 344. fin. 194«. 8089 

The Camlatiiitiiplr llaieL. 

Avelhlna pfrfgrbui kiauJlU Buih. 






t. aniericAna Miehj:. * N. America S030 

The Anicrlcin HiUfl. 
App. i. Specin of Ciiylut lOt yel iMradttttd. 

F,IMlir.». NipU. Af-tUO. 

Garfyacese. - S031 

[. OA'RRY^ Doug. ■ - - 80SI 

I. clliptica Dovf:. ■ North Carolina 

fig. 1951. S038 

Thr eUlptlc-lMMd Cuttil, 



Plalandcea. 1 i 
I. PLA'TASUS L. t m 



cxxxu 



CONTENTS. 



Pafft 

1. orientidis L, *St Levant 

pi. 345, 346. fig. 1954, 1955. 2033 
The Oriental PUae. 

F. orientiOu vkrui Park. 
PtaUme de F Orient, Fr. 
MorgenktndUcher Platamu, Get. 
Doolb, Arabic. 
CAntar, Fenian. 

VarietieM It - - 2034 

2 acerifolia Ait, It pi. 347, 348. 
The Blaple-leaved Plane Tree. 

P. o. KdriifoUo Toum. 
P. txerifiOia Willd. 
P. inUrmidia Hort. 

3 hisp&nica It 
The Spanish Maple. 

P. ktspdnica Lodd. Cat. 
P. macropMUa Cree. 

4 cune^tA If pi. 349. 

P. o. undutAta Ait. 
P. cumedta Willd. 

Other Varieties. 

2. occidentalis L,1tm North America 

pi. 350. fig. 1959. 2043 

The Western Plane. 

P. oecidaUdUi »eu virgitMma Park. 
BtUkm.wood, Water Beech, Sycamore, 

Cotton Tree, Amer. 
Platane de Firginie, Fr. 

Variety It - - 2043 

2 tortudsa ¥ 

PlidanttortBUrdtVr. 



1. Gale L. A Europe f.l996, 1967. 8056 
The SweeTQ^B, Sweet Willow, CaHdkkrrt 
Myrtle, or D^Uck Myrtle, 
Gk\e Ray. 
UUedgnm Card. 
Murtui brabdntica, Ger. 
Rhui myrtifbU'a hilgtea Bauh. 
Rhus syloistrit altera Dal«ch. 
RAuf $yM$tri9 Park. 
Myrica paUatriM Lam. 
Gali, Ptmento Royals Fr. 
Gemeine Wackt Strauch, Ger. 



traduced, 

L. AMngte Blonic. Java, ilf . 1965. 
AWiM's Lk|tild«inb«r. 

Ami^tlm oMclaa Notanba. 
l^ltrmm pafmiuuim Runph. 



2. 



Halsamdceae* It - 2048 
I. LIQUIDA'MBAR X. « - 2049 

Thb Liquioambab. 

AWn^ Noronha. 
Liqntdambar, Fr. 
i4m6ar6a«m, Ger. 

1. Styraciflua L, It North America 

pi. 351, 352. fig. 1961. 2049 
The Sweet Giim Liquidambar. 
Ltquiddmbar drbor Flak. 
Stprax K.'ceriM/bUo Ray. 
Liquidambar r4»ineux, Copalme de CA- 

mirique, Liquidambar Copal, Fr. 
Miesenker Ambarbaum, Ger. 

2. imb^rbe WiUd. It Leirant r.l963. 2053 

The beardleM, or Oriental, Liquidambar. 
L. orientdUt Bfill. 
? VldtanuM orientdUt Pocock. 
L. imbirbit Sm. 

App. i. Species of Liquidambar not yet in- 



- 2054 



cerSfera L. * North America 2057 

The common Wax-bearing, or American, Cu- 
dieberry Myrtle. 

M. cer{fera angustifbUa Ait. 
MyrftM brabdntica, %c. Flak. 
CMer de la Louieiame, Fr. 

FarieHes • m - -9057 
2 latifoUa Ait, * fig. 1668. 
The broad-leaved American Cadk- 
berry Bfyrtle. 
M. c. midia Michx. 
M. earolinineit WiUd. 
M. peameyiednica Lam. 
M. c. tempervirem Hort. 
U^rtue brabdmUea Cat. 
Carter <(e PenaaykHmitt Fr. 
Caroliniscker Waekstrat 



^aekstramk,0«' 



3 piimila Michx. 



App. i. Half-hardy Speein of Myticaed' 
tivated in Briti$h Gardent. - S058 

Jf.fttyaAU. Madeirm. fig. 1969. 

TKt Atom CmuUtbtrrjf Mgrtk. 
M. Mrrku Lam. C. G. H. 
ieaL. 

Jf. facrrifMUI.. C. O.H. 

Loilnu 
jr. f . hlnuta 



M. «M(f»ra Bonn. 
BrriR>UaI.. C.O.H. 
Ltrtkrms oA-Maa, 4V'» C4XI1. 
MiU. 



__. conlifMia I^ C. O. H. , _, , 

^lotonHiMM VHtitlhtto, J^^ Watt. ^ 

M./bliU tmbeordMta, Sfe., Efwrm. 

Cariotrotitmatad^i^rm VttcU oewkMm fM* Flak, 
ir. cap^mU Lodd. CM. 

App. ii. Half-hardy Species of Uyfita td 
yet introduced, - ^' 

jr. tpathuUta. Madagascar, flg.1970. 

II. COMPTO'N/^ Banku. « • ^ 

Thk Comptonia. 

Liquiddmbar L. 8p. 
MyHra L. Hort. Caff. 
Gilc Pelfv. 
Comptone, Fr. 
Conrptonie, Ger. 

North Amcrk* 
fig. 1971. 205® 

The Aiplenium-Ieared C<HnDConia. 

Liquidambar tLiplenmUum h. Sp. 
LigciiVielmAar per<;srffumi L. Syrt. 



1. asplenifdlia Banks. 



Myr)ca L. Hort. 

GMe maridna Pet. 

U6rtus brabSntie^ afftiU* Flak. 

rl(P fvtfef F(m» JlMiT Amer. 



Casuardcea^ 



2060 



TAyricdcecB, 



I. JfYRrCA i. • • . 

Thb Candlbbbbbt Mtbtlb. 
Gali, Fr. 
FFodb Strauss, Ger. 



2055 
- 2055 



.Casuarina ^quisetifblia East Indies 

fig. 1972. 2060 

C. littbrea Rmnph. 

Swamp Oak, Austral. 

FOao d Pennies de Prtle, Fr. 
C. noAUUtn Font. New Caladonia. 
C.dfrtyta rnrf. N*« Holland. 
C.mxfeU AU. NtwHcUand. 
CtoniMMilir. Holland. 

Tkr Gprik'AarM Oftaarra*. 



CONTENTS. 



CXXXIU 



Gnetaceas. 
L £THEDHA L. • i 

Ttai Epbkdka. 



Pac« 



2062 



2062 



1. (iistachya L, * Spain 

fi^. 1973, 1974. 2063 
Ute Cwo-«piked Ephedra. 

GretU skrmMjf Horsetaff, or Sea Orape. 
E'pJkedra vuiiris Rkh. 
'^otjffomum marknmm Tabem. 
Pol^gommn quirtum PIUM Ghs. 
P«4|^cMMnn lamffoUum, ^c, Bauh. 
£. m a H ti ma tmtijor Toum. 
Tr^goi Cam. 

Smisim dr Mer, EpMdre nudtifiore, Fr. 
ZweiftJtr^er Ron Schtoa$ix, Ger. 

i, moDostachya L, & Siberia 

fig. 1975, 1976. 2063 
The a«ie-cplked Ephedra, or Smail shrubby 

E. pfiMi's $ar))€ plkribus, SfC, Gmel. 

E. ttunitmi. Sic., Axnni. 

E. pofygouok/es Fall. 

Epkidre mimeure, EpMdre de Sibirie, Fr. 

3. alfisdiiia Detf, m Barbary 

6g. 1977, 1978, 1979. 2064 

Tbr 



- 2065 



5. americana WiOd, m Quito f. 1980. 2065 



£. mwt AmOatiM BMma, At., Toum. 
marttimuim t t A fmmi Banh. 



4. fr%ilis De9f. tik Spain 

> eriMcam Alp.'| 



TaxdcetB. 3f t • a- 2065 
L TA'XUS L. 1 m 9. 2065, 2066 

T»« Yaw. 

i. baccata L. 1 Eur. pi. 353, 354. 2066 

The berried, or common^ Yew. 

Tdxu* No. 1663. HaU. Hiit. 
Ifenbamm^ Jkenbaum, or Eihenbawm, Ger. 
TVtf o, Ital. 
Texo, ^>an. 

VarietieM 1 A a. . . 2066 

2 fasUgi^ta 1 pL 355. fig. 1981, 

1982. 
T./of^^^teLlndl. 
T. JMmica, Hook. 
7%^ uprwki, or Florence Court, 

Yew ; die Irish Yew. 

3 procumbeiu * a. 

T. proc6mbens Lodd. Cat 

4 er^cta • 

The upright Yew. 
T. b.fastigtiUa. 

5 foliis variegatis Lodd. Cat. m 

6 friictu likteo ii 
Other Varieties. 

2, (b.) canad^nsifi >Fi/W.« N.Ainer.2093 
Tbe Canada, or Vorth Amerium, Yew. 
T. b. mimor Ifidix. 



Pan* 
II. SALISBU^R/.4 Sm. If 2065. 2094 

ThB SALIKBrKIA.^ 

Ginkgo Kitmj(f., L., and others. 

1. adiantifolia Sm, It Japan 

pi. 356, 357. fig. 1992, 1993. 2094 
The Maiden-hair-leaved SalUburia, or Ginkgo 
Tree. * 

(Mnkgo, Gin-an, It«Jo, Ktempf. 
Ginkgo b'tloba L. 

"Soyer du Japan, Arbre au* quarante 
E*cus. 

App. i. Ilalf-hardy Genera belonging to the 
Order Taxdceee. - 2100 

PodocArpiu L'BerU. 
* . macToi^yilus Snrt. Jspan. 
The Innff-leavcd Japan Yew. 

Tdxus maerm.hytla Thunb. 
P. latilbUoi Wait. Pundna. fig. lOOA. 
P. 9)iinul6*ui Spreng. Port Jackaon 

P. ejx^ttu Lodd. Cat. 

T<irM afinmUfo !4inith. 
p. nucifer Prr«. Ja]tan. 

Td««u RMr(f>ra Kjemnf. 
P. dongktus L'Htrit. C. U. H. fig. 1997. 

T<Lnw tlon^ithu Ait. 
P. chiliniu Rick. Chili, fie. 199C. 
P. oorlAceus Rich. laland or Montierrat. fig. 1998. 
P. faxifdliua JTMtf*. Peru. fig. 1999, 2O0O. 

P. mimUimu Lodd. Cat. 

T^xtM mtmt&na WUld. 
p. exc^Mu Lodd. 
P. ncrUfbliu* Lodd. 

Tdxmiof&mica Lodd. 
Dacrydiiun boktnder, 
D. cupr^ulnum Stil. New Zealand. fig.tOOl. 

ThaUimia cufr4t$ina Spreng. 
D. (aziC&Uuin Svl, 
D. exctfUum Dim. New Zealand. 

Thi KaKikatta, or Srvamp i*ine. 
D. ? plumbsum D. Don. New Zealand. 

Tht Kanaka ti€ the New Zealandcra. 
D.dlitum Walt. Pulo-Penang. 

Jwiptnu eidta Roxb. 
PhyUiiclaUU RUh. 

Pedtiedrvtu tp. Labill. 
P. rhomboidkiiB Rich. Cape Van Dicmcn. fig. SOOS, lOOS. 

Podocdrjmt »ntm{fbthu LablU. 
mandtdca A. Br. New Zeal 



P. Mchoma 

TA« Tanakaa Ol the New Zealandcn. 



ConifercB^ or PindcecB. 2103 

Sect. I. Jbietism Richard, 2104. 2106 



I. PINUS L. t f 

The Pinr 



1l-J 1-J m 
2104. 2152 






/^ Pin, Fr. 

Fichte, Pynbaum, or Kiefer, Ger. 

Pynboom, Dutch. 

Pino, Ital. and Span. 

Pinu, Anglo-Saxon. 

Pinntia, Welsh. 

Peigne, Er»e. 

Sect. i. Binet. — Leaves generally 2 in a 

Sheath. 

§ i. Sylv^stres. f A 
A. Cones having the Scales without Prickles. 

1. svlvestris L. 1 Europe 

fig. 2043, 2044, 2045. 2153 
The wood, or Scotch, Pine, or Scotch Fir. 
Y.fbUis b)nis, *c., Hall. 
P. riibra Mill. Diet. 
P. syMstris eommknts Alt. 



CXXXIV 



CONTENTS. 



P«|te 

P. No. 29. Gmel. 

Pin Souvage, Fin dTEcoue. Fr. 

Genuine Pdkre, gemeine Fichte, Kitfer, 

Taunr, and 56 otMer names given in 

Hayne^M Abbildung^ Gcr. 
Pynbojm, Dutch. 
Pino ayhatico^ Ital. 
Pino ayMitre^ Span. 
Pyrte^ Dan. and Swed. 
Soana^ Pol., Boh., and Rusi. 



Varieties 1 



a. Timber Trees. 



- 2153 
2154 



1 vulgaris f. fig. 2046. 
The common. wild Pine. 

2 horisontalis 1 

P. korixontdlis Don of Forfar. 

P. s. var. mcntdna Sang. 

? P. riibra MiU. Diet, and N. Du 

Ham. 
The Speyside Pine, Hort. Soc. 
The Highland Pine, Grioor. 
n* horixontal-branehed wild 

Pine, Lawi. 
The red-wooded Scotch Pine, Sang. 
• 3 unciniku Don of Forfar 1 

fig. 2047. 
The hooked-roMMf wild Pine. 

Mar Forest wild Pine, Hort. Soc. 
Gard. 

4 haguen^nsLs t 

Pin de Hagucnau, Fr. 

5 rig^nsis 1 

Pin de Riga Dent. 

Pin de Rus^ie, Pin de Mature, Fr. 

Other Timber Tree Varieties, 
b. Varieties curious or omamentai. SI 58 

6 genev^nsis 1 

The Geneva wild Pine. 

7 monophylla Hodgins, £ 

8 scariosa 1 

P. scaridsa Ixxld. Cat. 

9 intermedia f 

10 altaica Ledebour f 

1 1 tortuosa Don of Forfar t 
Other Varieties, of curious or bo* 

tanical interest. 

2. (a.) pumllio Hcenke, di 1 Europe 

fie. 2057, 2058, 2063. 2186 
The dwarf, or Mountain, Pine. 

P. syMstris montuna y Ait. Hort. Kew. 

P. s. hkmilis y Neal. 

P. ebnis erictis Toum., &c. 

p. h^milis, %c. Toum. 

P. suediticus seu carpdticus Ungarltch 

Mag. 
Pin&ster eonis erictis Bauh. 
P. tatdHca Mill, in Herb. Banks. 
P. p. montdnus Park. 
P. qudrtus austriacus CIus. 
Pin nain, Fr. 
Krus nh olx, Ger. 

Varietieg At - . 2186 

2 rubripfiora • f 

5 FischeK Booth. A t 

4 MihffhuM dfe fig. 2059i 2060, 

2061. - - 2187 

The Mugho wild Pine. 

P. s. Magho Matt. Comer. 

P. montana Baum. 

P. Miigho Jacq. Poir., and K. Du 

Ham. 
P. echimdta Hort. 



Pag* 
P. uneindta Dec., I.^>dd. Cat. 
Pin Mugho, Torchepin, Pin st^ffis. 
Pin erin. Pin du Rrian^onnais, 
Pin de Montague, Fr. 
Sergfichte, Ger. 
5 M. nana A ± fig. 2062. 

The Knee Pine of the Stjrian Alps. 
Other Varieties. 

3. Banksiana Lamb. f. North America 

fig. 2064, 2065, 2066, 2067. 2191 

Banki'f, or the Labrador^ Pine. 
P. sylv4stris divaricdia Ait. 
P. rupdstris Michx. 
P. huds&nica Lam. 

Scrub Pine, Grey Pine, Hudson's Ban 
Pine, Ypres, Canada. 

B. Cones large, having the Scales furnished with 

Prickles. 

4. inops Ait. 1 North America 

fig. 2068, 2069, 2070, 207 1 . 2192 
The Jersey, or poor. Pine. 

P. virginitina Du Hoi., Mill. Dict.,Wangh. 

Beit. 
Pin chitif, Fr. 

5. mitis Jilichje, i North America 

f. 2072, 2073, 2074,2075,2076. 2195 
The to(t-leaved, or yellow. Pine. 

P. varidbilis pursh ; H. B., 23592. 
? P. echindta MiU. Diet. 
Nrw York Pinr, Spruce Pine, Short-leaved 
Pine, Amer. 

6. p6ngen8 Michx. f North Carolina 

fig. 2077, 2078, 2079, 2080. 2197 
The priadj'Coned, or Table Mountain, Pine. 

§ ii. Lartcibnes. t 

7. Laricio Poir, f. Corsica 

fig. 2081, i:082, 2083, 2084. 2200 
The Corsican, or I.<arch, Pine. 

p. sylvt'stris i maritima Ait. Hort. Kew.. 

ed. 1. 
P. maritima Ait. Hort. Kew., ed. 2. 

Varieties 1 - - 2201 

1 corsicana t 

Laricio de File de Corse, Dela> 
marre. 

2 subviridis N. Du Ham, t 

3 cararo&nica 1 

P. caramdniea Bosc. 
P. caramani^nsis Bon Jard. 
? P. romdna, Lon. Hort. Soc. Gard. 
Laricio de Caramanie, ou de 
FAsie Mineure, Delamarre. 

4 calibrica t 

Laricio de Mont Sila en Calahre, 
Delamarre. 

5 austriaca 1 

Laricio d'Autriehe, ou de la Hon- 
grie, Delamarre. 

6 pyrenaica t 

P. hispdnica Cook. 
? P. pyrentiica Lap. 

7 ta6rica Lodd. 
Other Varieties. 

8. (L.) austriaca Hbss, 1 Austria 

fig. 2005. 2205 
The Austrian, or black. Pine. 
P. nigricsms Hort. 
P. n^iscens Hort. 
Sckwartx Fbhre, Ger. 



CONTENTS. 



cxxxv 



Pas* 

9. (L.) PallasMfMi Lamb, i Siberia 

fig. ^086, 2087, 2088, 2089. 2206 

ftfbs'A, or ike TartarioM^ Pine. 
P. tauriem Hort. 
P. tatdrica, in the Hammernnitli Nursery 

in 1797. 
P. tmmriiima Pall. 
P. Ttmea Habl. Taur. 
P. AaC»^nm Bieb-Xexclusiveofthe Svno- 

nrmn, except those of Fall, and Hwl.)- 
P. LarMo Bieb. (Ditto.) 

I, in the Tartar language. 



10. fL.) p\Tenaica Lap. 1 S. of Spain 

fi^. 2090, 2091, 2092, 2093. 2209 

The PTTcnean fine. 

P. Mitpdmiea Cook's Sketches In Spain. 
YtmdMter hispdnica Roxas di SanCicmente. 
p.neHMe^us Lap. Hist, dea Plantes des 

P.'i«l»^& mdjor Annales d'Hort. de 

Faria. 
Pm Naaanm^ Pinpinceau^ Fr. 

11. reunosa Ait, ± Upper Canada 

fig. 2091, 2095, 2096, 2097. 2210 
Tbe radooas, or r^rf. Pine. 

p. eamadimiM bifblia dnis midtti ovdtis 

Du Ham. 
P. r*^tf Michx. 
Korwa^ Pine, in Canada. 
YeOoMf Pine, in Nova Scotia. 
i> Pin rtmge de Canada, Fr. 

Abdu L DifMftl Species, apparently belong- 
^^ ing to § iL Laricibnes, - 2213 

MfilU. fbUbNTitfrlbiu ct tmnidribiM, Dii Ji«n. f 

fiR. S098, S099. na 



rag* 

13. Pinea L. f South of Europe 

fig.2106,2107, 2108, 2109. 2224 

The Stone Pine. 

P. sai\va Bauh., Blackw.. Du Ham. 

P. domMica Matth. 

Pin Pignon, Pin ban. Pin cnitivJ, Pin 

Pinter, Fr. 
Geneiubere Fichte, Ger. 

Varietieg 1 - - 2225 

? 2 fr^ilis N. 2>u Ham. f 

3 cretica /fort, f 

4 americana JTor/. 2 



$iiL Findstri. t 

12. Pin&stcr >4i/. * South of Europe 

fig.2100, 2101. 2105. 2213 

Tbe PInaatrr, or Oneter, Pine. 
p. §yl9dstris y Lin. Syst. 
p. mH/Ana dttrra Du Ham., DuRoi. 
P. maritima N. Du Ham. 
p. s^rtica Thore Prom, sur lei Cotes de 

Ptf» deBordeaux, Pin des Landes, Fr. 

Varieties - - - 2214 

9 escarenus f Nice. 

P. escarina Risso. 

3 LemonsantM 1 fig. 2102, 2103. 

P. Xmumikna jBm<A. 

4 minor t France f. 2104. 

P. mariiima m\nor N. Du Ham. 
Pin Pimot, Pin de Mans, Pin d 
Troehet, Fr. 

5 foliis varieg^tis 1 

6 maritimus f 

7 cbin^nsis i 

8 nepal^nsis 1 

9 noTus holUndicus f 

p. Kowa HoUdndite Lodd. Cat., 

P. nd«a xealdndica. In the Kew 
Arboretum. 

10 it. helfnicus 1 

1 1 MaasontVinM f 

P. VMMMsiina Zriimd. 



§ iv. Halepinses. 1 

14. halep^nsis Ait. i Syria • 

fig.2110,2111, 2112, 2113. 2231 

The Aleppo Pine. 

P. kterosolymitdna Du Ham. 
P. maritima prima Mathiolus. 
Pin de JirusaUme, Fr. 

Varieiies 1 - - 2231 

2 minor f 

3 mariiima t 

P. mariiima Lamb. 

4 genu^nsis 1 

P. genu^nsis Cook. 

15. brutia TVw. 1 . . . . 

fig. 21 14, 21 15, 21 16. 2234 

The Calabrian Pine. 

P. congiomerdta Gnefer PI. Exiicc. 

App. i. Species of Pine having 8 Leaves 
in a Sheath, which we cannot with certainty 
refer to any of the preceding Sections, 

p. MuaonUina Lamb.. N. DuHam., WUld., Uwi., China ttM 

? P. nefoUhuia CeU. 
P. tp. from Nepal, tiff. S117. 

Sect. ii. Tematee. — Leaves 3 in a 

Sheath, - • 2236 

A. Cones hardly so long as the Leaves ; the Scaks 
with Prickles. 

§ V. T<r</«. 1 

16. Tada. L. i. North America 

f.2118,2119,2120,2121,2122. 2237 
The Frankincense, or Loblolly, Pine. 
P.Jhliis timis Gron.VIrg. 
P. virginiana tenni/blia tripilis Pluk. 
White Pine, at Petersburg and Richmond, 

in Virginia ; Ol4field Pine, Amer. 
Pin de VEncens, Fr. 

Variety 1 - - 2237 

2 alopecurdSdea Ait. f 
The Fox-tail Frankincense Pine. 



17. rigida Mill. 1 North America 

fig. 2123, 2124, 2125, 2126. 2239 
The rigid, or PiYcA, Pine. „ „ ^ 
P. Tte'da rigida $ Ait. Hort. Kew., Ac 
P. canadensis trOhlia DuHam. 
? P. T«*dfl « Polr. ^ ^. 

? Three-leaved Virginian Pine, Sap Pms, 

Black Pine. 
Pin hirissi. Pin rwde, Fr. 



CXXXVi 



CONTENTS. 



Paf(« 

Variety f - - 2239 

P. 7\eMa var. 2 alopecuroidea 

Ait. is by Mr. Lambert 

considered as a Tar. of P. 

rigida. 

18. (r.) serdtina Mu^. f N. America 
fig. 2127, 2128, 2129, 2130. 2242 

The late, or Pond^ Pine. 

? Tat'^da %lopecwrdldfa Ait. 



p. TttUbiU* LomA. fig. 8181. 



• S«4S 



§ vL JV»u2erdfa. t 1 i-J 

19. ponderosa Doug, 1 North America 

fig. 2132, 2133, 2134, 2135, 2136, 

2137. showine Arceutbobium Oxy- 

cedri Bieh,, Tiscum Oxycedri Dec, 

attached ... 2243 
The heavy-urootfrd Pine. 

B. Coneg having the Scalet hooked. 
§ vii. Sdbinhklia, 

20. Sabiniana Doug, t North America 

F. 2138, 2139, 2140, 2142, 2143. 2246 
Sablne'i, or the great pridtfy-coned. Pine. 

21. Coulteri D. Don. t Santa Luda 

fig. 2141, 2145. 2146, 2147. 2250 
Coulter's, or the great hooked^ Pine. 
P. SabiniiLnii var. Hort. 
P. macrocdrpm Lindl. MS. 

22. longifolia Roxb. 1 i— J Nepal 

fig. 2149, 2150, 2151, 2152. 225« 
The long'lcaved Indian Pine. 

§ viiL GerarcfiaiuL t t-J 

23. Gerardiana Wall. 1 uJ East Indies 

fig. 2153, 2154, 2155. 2254 
Gerard*!, or the short-leaved Ncpal^ Pine. 
P. Ne6M Oovan. 

EaUMe-Meeded Pine qf the East Indies. 
? Chilgh^xa Elphinitone. 

' C. Cones longt slightly tubercled, 
i ix. Auttrdiis. t 

24. australis Mickx, t United States 

f.2156,2157,2158,2159,2160. 2255 
The louthem Pine. 

P. palustris Willd., MiU., Ait., Ph., Lamb. 

P. americdna paldstriSt ^-c, Hort. 

P. serdtina Hort. 

Long-leaved Fine, Yellow Pine, Pitch 

Pine, Amer. 
Broom Pine, Southern Statet. 
Southern Pine and Red Pine, Northern 

States. 
Yellow Pine, Pitch Pine, Middle States. 
Georgia Pitch Pine of the Timber Mer- 

chaaU in Bnglaod and the West Indies. 

Variety - - 2255 

8 cxc^lsa f North America. 
P. patustiis esedlsa Booth. 



Pace 
§ X. CanariSntis. t L—J 

25. canariensis C. Smith, t Canaries 

f.2l62,2163,2164,2165,2166. 2261 
The Canary Pine. 

? P. adunca Bote. 

26. sinensis Lamb, 1 i-j China 

fig. 2167, 2168, 2169. 2264 
The Chinese nne. 

27. insignis Doug. 1 California 

fiff.2170, 2171, 2172. 2265 
The remarkable Pine. 

28. Teocote Schiede et Deppe t uJ Mount 

Orizaba - fig. 2 1 73, 2 1 74. 2266 
The Teooote, or twisted-leaved. Pine. 

29. p&tula Schiede et Deppe MSS, i i-J 

Mexico . fig. 2175, 2176. 2267 
The spreading-leaMtf Pine. 

§ xi. XiooeiUia. f. 

30. Llaveona Otto. 1 * Mexico 

fig. 2177, 2178, 2179, 2180. 2267 
La Llave's Pine. 

App. i. Species of S'leaved Pines which 
cannot with certainty be referred to any of 
the preceding Sections, but of which there 
are liviny IHants in England. - 2268 



California 
2268 



31. californi^na Loi^, i 



The Califomian Pine. 

P. nwntereyinsis Godefroy. 

P. adunca Bosc. 

P. montheragintis Hort. Soc. Card. 

Pin de Monkey Bon Jard. 

Fr^en Lodd. Cat. ... 2269 
timori^nsis Hort, Timor - - 2269 

App. iL Pinet supposed to have 3 Leaves, 
but of which the Cones onfy have been jcen 
in Britain. The Cones are hooked or tu» 
berded. .... 2269 



32. murickta D, Don. 1 .-J California 

fig. 2180. 2269 
The smaller prickly-coNCiif Pine. 
Obispo, Span. 

33. tubercuUta D, Don, t ~J California 

fig. 2181. 2270 
The tuberculated Pine. 

34. radiata D. Don. 1 .-J California 

fig. 2182. 2270 
The radiated-«caM Pine. 

Sect. iil. Quinc. .— Leaves 5 in a Sheath, 

§ xii. Oceidentalee. £ ^ f lJ 

35. occidentilis Swartz. t ZJ West Indict 

fig. 2183. 2271 
Tbs Wcm-InAm Pfase. 



CONTENTS. 



CXXXVll 



96. IfontwnfciiWB 



Pag* 



Jjanh, f. L-J Mexico 

fig. 2184, 2185. 2272 

T <*»>—<* irmmrkii Mtaicmm, Pine 
'- ~ inSchLLiii. 



17. leiopfatlla Si^iede et Deppe MSS. 
f lJ Mexico f. 2186,2187, 2189. 

2273 
The sBOodi-leftTed Pine. 

$ xIt. C^bne. f 

SL C^n^ra L. i Switzerland 

f.2188,2189,2190,2191,2192. 2274 

Tte CoabraaFfne. 

Y.fUUa quhmi, Ac., Gmel., &c. 
P. uMva Amm. uuth. 
P. 9^l»Mri$, §[C., Baah. 
P. ^ivAtris C^inbro Cam. Epit. 
JjidHx tempertihraUy ic. Brcyn. 
n»4sUr AU^y ke.. Bell. Ckmif. 
Tm"da SrboTt Craibro Itatdmm, Dale. 
ApkermomU Pine, Five-leaved Pine, the 
^Merian Stone Pine, the Swiu Stone 



Proles, in Savoy. 

AMe; in SwiUerlasd. 

Cembra, in Dauphin^. 

Ceinhroi, Eouve, Tinier, Fr. 

ZMrbeUn^er, Ger. 

£Air, Rum. (See Pall. Fl. Ro$m.) 



2275 



Farieties f 

1 sibirica 1 

The Siberian Stone Pine, or Siberian 
Cedar. 

p. Cembra Lodtf. Cat. 
Kedr, PaU. 

2 pjgnura f 

P. C. fAmaa PaU. Rou. 
Slanez, Rum. 

3 helvetica Xodei. Ca^ ^ 

The SwiM Cembran. or Stone, Pine. 

§ XT. StTi^ t 

BL Sltrobus L. ± North America 

fig. 2193, 2194, 2195, 2196. 2280 

Strobus, or Weymouth, Pine. 

P./Wto onbM*. ^c, Gron. 

P. canadinsii auinqtt^dlia Du Ham. 

P. virgh^dna Pluk. 

Ldrir canadinni Toum. 

Jtf«£» England Pine, White Pine, Pumpkin 

Pine, AppU Pine, Sapling Pine, Amor. 
Pin du Lord, Pin du LordfVeynumth, Fr. 

VarietieM t - - 2280 

2 ilba Hort. t 
S brerifolia Hort. f. 

4 oompr^saa Booth, 

Floetbeck Weymouth Pine. 

P. S. Ndra Lodd. Cat., cd. 1836. 

10. P. (5.) excelsa rTfl/ZiVA f Nepal 

fig.2197, 2198, 2199. 2285 
I loftf , or Bhotan, Pine. 
P. INtitaMi Hon. 
CMte, or C^Ua, Himalayas. 
KmHy Sinnone and Gurliwal. 
Lemthing, Bhotea. 
Raenkhor King (tf the Firs, Hindostan. 



Fag* 

41. (5.) Lamberttana Dougl. t N. Amer. 

fig. 2203. 2207. 2288 
The gigantic, or Lambert** Pine. 

42. {S.) montfcola Dougl. t Columbia 

fig. 2208, 2209. 2291 
The Mountain, or short-leaved Weymouth, Pine. 

App. i. Specie$ of Pine which are not yet in- 
traduced, and of which Utile is hnown. 2292 

p. coDtdits Domgi. N. W. Amor. a«a. 8S10, till. 

The Vmifttd-iramehed Pine. 
P. iqaanitea Bote. Lower Al|ii. 

? P. nftvMfU var. 
p. tnrfatnkta Dote. N. Amer. 

II. -rf^BIES D. Don, 1 • «. 2105. 2293 
The Spkucb Fir. 

PlfMM of L. and others, in part. 

Vlcea Lk. 

Picea of the ancients. 

S<^}in Ancea, Fr. 

Fichtenhaum, Ger. 

Abiete, Ital. 

Abieto, Span. 

§ i. Leaveg tetragonal, awl-$haped, scattered 
in insertion. D. Don. 

1. excelsa Der. f Norway f. 2212. 2293 
The lofty, or Nortpay, Spruce Fir. 
A. communis Hort. 
A. Ticea Mill., Miclix. 
A. fbliis solitdriis, ^c, Hort. Cliff., &c., 

Hall. 
P. A^6iV?* L. Sp. PI., &c. 
P. Ficea Du Roi. 
P. excilsa Lam. 
Common Spruce, Prussian Fir. 
Faux Sapin, E'picea, Sapin-Pesse, Serente, 

Sapin gentil, Pinesse,Tr. 
Lqfie, in tlie Votges. 
Gemeine rothe Tonne, Ger. 

Varieties 1 • «. - - 2294 

1 commjlnis 1 

The common Spruce, or JVhite Fir q/" 
Norway. 

2 nigra 1 fig. 2213. 

The black-2(fat><tf Spruce, or Red Fir 
qf Norway. 

3 carp&tica f. 

Tbe Carpathian Spruce Fir. 

A. carpd/tca Hort., and Hort. Brit. 

4 p^ndula f. 

The pendulous-ArancArtf, or weeping, 
Norway Spruce Fir. 
A. communis phidula Booth. 
V)nus fCbies pAndula Lodd. Cat. 

5 foliis variegatis 1 
Blotched-leaved Spruce Fir. 

Plnus A'^biesjbliis variegdtis Lodd. 
Cat. 

6 Clanbrasiliana il 

Lord Clanbrasirs Spruce Fir. 
P. ClanbrasiRkaa. Lodd. Cat. 

7 Clanlirasih'cina stricta * 

Upright-/r''0(<'^ Lord Clanbrasirs 
Spruce Fir. 

8 pyginae^a n. 

The pygmy Spruce Fir. 

A. n^na Lond. Hort. Soc. Gard. ■ 
A. ile^ans Sm. of Ayr. 

9 tcnuifolia * 

The slender-leaved Spruce Fir. 
A. tenuif&lia Sm. of Ayr. 



CXXXVUl 



CONTENTS. 



lOgigantea 1 

The gigantic Spruce Fir. 
A. giganiia Sm. of Ayr. 

1 1 monstrosa * 

The monstrous Spnice Fir. 
A. monstrdia Hort. 
Other Varieties. 



?■«• 



- 2295 



2. &lba Michx. 1 N. Amer. f. 2224.2310 

The white Spruce Fir. 

T\nui diba Ait.. W., Lamb. 

PHittf idxa Ehrh. 

P)f»tM canadhuis Du Roi. 

A^6fe5 Ftceafdliii, ^c, Hort. Angl.. Duh. 

A. curvifblia Hort. 

5tii|r^ Spruce^ Amer. 

E'pinette blanche^ Fr. 

SapinetU blanche^ Fr. 



Fartefy f 
2 n&na Dickson 1 
Other Varieties. 



- 2S11 



3. nigra -4*^. i North America 

fig. 2225, 2226, 2227. 2311 

The black Spruce Fir. ^ „ , 

Finus n)gra Ait., W., Lamb., Du Roi. 
"Pinus maridna Ehr. 
A^biei maridtta Wangh. 
DoubU Spruce. 

4. (n.) rubra Poir. ± Nova Scotia 

fig. 2228. 2316 
The red Spruce Fir, or Nemfoundland red Pine. 
Pinui ameridna ri^a Wangh. 
- Vinus ritbra Lamb. 

VaHetyi^ - - 2316 

2 csrulea x 

A. cteridea Booth. 



5. Smithtflwfl Wall. 1 Himalayas 

fig. 2229. 2317 

Smith**, or the Hnnaiaitan, Spruce Fir. 
PintM SfHiMkiUifV0ll.t Lamb. 
PlMMf KhCltrow Royle. 
A. Morinda Hort. 
Raga, or Baggoe, in the Parfoutee language. 

Varieties - - 2317 

6. (?e.) orientklis f Trebisonde - 2318 

The Oriental 8pmc« Fir. 

PtoM oritntAlU Lamb., L., Vlttnan. 

5 ii. Leaves fiat, generally glaucous beneath, 
imperfectly ^-rowed. 

7. Dougl^tt Lindl. f North America 

fig. 2230. 2319 

Douglas's, or the triderU-bracted, Spruce Fir. 
Plnitf taxifAlia Lamb., Pursh. 
A. ctaifAmitt Hort. 
VhnmDougldAi Sabine MSS., Lamb. Pin., 

iii. 90. 
The Nootha Fir, Sm. in Rees's Cjrc. 

Varieties 1 - - 2319 

2 texifolia 1 
The Yew-Ieared trident-bracted 
Spruce Fir. 

8. Menziestt Dougl. i California 

fie. 2232. 2321 
If enaies'i, or the wartedJ>ranched, Spruce Fir. 
PHiM JtfcrnxrlfU Lamb. 



9. canad^sis L. t N. America- im 

The Canada jPAsr, or Hemlock Spruce Fir. 
PHsttf canadinsisllj. 
PtMflw americhna Du Roi, Alt, Lanb., 

Sm. 
Plnitf A'^biet americdna Marsh. 
Peruue, bv the French in Canada. 
Sapin du Canada, Fr. 
SchierUngs Fiehtet Ger. 



10. dumdsa Lamb» 



1 Nepal 
fig. 2233, 2234. 



SS25 



The baahy atfbu Spmee Fir. 
PImm iwmdta Lamb. 
A. BrwtMHdtoa lindl. in Pauui Cyc. 
Pliuu deddum WaU. MSS. 
Fhmt firwKMiUau WaB. Pt. At 



11. cephal6nicai Cephalonia 

fig. 2235, 2236. 2326 
The Cephalonian Sdtter Spnice Fir. 

KoukounariOy and also EUOos, in Cepki- 

lonia« 
A. Uuc^a Hort. 
A. lu$combedna HcMrt. 
The Mou9U Enos Fir. 



App. i. Species of Amines of whiek Kttk 

is knoum than their Names, - 8929 



A. obOTku D. Don. M8. Altai Mouittaias. 

Prcea ohwtUa Led. 

? A. SmitkikD* oar. D. Don. 
A. MttUBtidna Baag, N. Aracr. 
A. aitchteib Bang. N. Amer. 
A. txigbM Rof. OreKon country. 
A. hetcroph^fu R^f. Oreicon omattxj. 
A. aronuftica Rt^f. Orrgon roantry. 
A. mIrrophylU Ruf. OngOD countiy. 
A. obUqu4ta Rqf. Ot«Kon coontiy. 
A, fhlckta Aof. Oreifoa coontry. 
A. hirt^lla Thnnb. 
A. KKmuftril Thunb. 
A. ThunbtfrKii Thnnb. 
A. MOmi Sieb. 
A. Tordno Sleb. 
A. Ararigi SifOb. 



III. PrCEA D. Don. 1 - 2105.2329 
The Silvbb Fir. 

PlntM L., in part. . _ . 

A'bies Link, Nees Von Ewnbeck, and uA> 
A^bies Du Roi, in part. 
Sapin, Fr. 
Tan$un, Ger. 

1. pectinkal Europe f. 2237, 223a 2329 

The comb-like-l?atv<f Sil-ver Fir. 
A'6ie« of Plinv. 
VlnM Picea L., &c. 
PhsiM A'^biet Du Roi. 
A^bies dlba Mill. Diet., ftc. 
A'^biet Tdxifdlio Toum., Ac 
A^ftiW vulgdriM Poir. 
A^'bics pectin&ta Dec., Dob. 
Abies taxtfdlia Hort. Par. 
AbiesVleea Llndl. in Pennj Cye. 
A' bies eJtciUa Lk. 

Spanish Fir. , ^ 

Sapin cotnmun, Sapin d FemUet ^V}^\ 
Uanc, Sapin argenii, &9m» em rtV* 
Sapin de iformondie, Fr. 
Weiss Tonne, EdeUanne, Ger. 

Varieties 1 - - 8350 

2 tortuosa 1 

The twisted-^meiM Silftf Tt- 

3 folfis variegatis 1 

The variegated-leared SRvw Fir. 

4 dndrea ± • 
The clncrcow saw : ^ 

PlmMPtefcMiMJ 



.Alte 



CONTENTS. 



CXXXIX 



(n.)PSeiiat Altai Mountains 2338 

TWltekSOwFlr. 

T^m$ ma^tM LotU. Cat. 

A'^Mrs nMHca Led.,' UuBSi, in Fenny Cyc. 
A*M» Pichta PUeker. 
I, Rnai. 



11. religiosa H, et K, 1 Mexico 

fig. 2257. 2349 
ThaaKrtd JfMtcM 8Uw Fir. 

Vkt»$ rdigkiaa Hamb. ct Koalh, &c. 
A^biet rttigi^M Lladl. in Ttsmj Cyc 



tS49 



L H^AmAft X. 1 North America 

fig. 2240, 2241. 2339 
Tbc Balm ^ GOeotf, or American, SUtct Fir. 
Ptast telMJiN«« Lm Ac. 
XMcfteiMiifMrtt Marsh. , ^ 

A Me* TdxifbUo, ^c, Hort. Angl., Ac. 
A Mo baitmm^a Mlchx. 
Balaam Fir. ^ . ^ 

Xr JfetfMNe de Gtl^Af, fe SopAi BaumMcr de 

GUdad, Ft. 
Babam Fiekte, Baham Tonne, Ger. 

Variety f - - 2339 

2 longifolia Booth, f 
The lon«>leaTed Bafan qf Gilead Silver 

Fhr. 

* 

i (b.) Friacri Ph. i Carolina 
^ fig. 2243, 2244. 2340 

Fraacr% or lAe doaHeBalsam, Silver Fir. 
PtoM #Wi#rH PA.. I^omA. 
A hiea Frdseri Lindl. in PemHf Cyc, 

i erandis DougL 1 N. W. America 

fig. 2245, 2246. 2341 

The neat SUver Fir. 

riMtf grdndii Dougl. MS., Lamb. 
Xbiei grdndis Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 
Tke great Califinmian Fir. 

I am&bilis IhugL 1 ? California 

fig. 2247, 2248. 2342 

The lovely SUver Ftr. 

~ amdbai*Do}ig\.US. 



2105. 2350 



I n6tiS^ Dougl. t North Amenca 

fig. 2249, 2250. 2342 
, nolile. or ia«r-*ractol, SUrer Fir. 
Thnu nSbiUM DougL MS.. Lamb. 
A'M» nMiUa Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 



g. Webbiona Wall, i Nepal 

fig.2251. 2252, 2253. 2344 
Webb*f ^fyfc-amed Silver Fir. 

P)»M epectdbilii Lamb. Monog. 
A W« rfvWiina I,rf«tf . i» P«m^ ftfc 
Ckitrow, and the Oonum, or purpie-coned 
Fir, in the Himalayai. 

9. Fhtdrow Royle i Kamaon 

fig. 2254, 2255. 2346 
pindrow, or tooth-leatfed. Silver Fir. 
PlR«« Pfndrow Royle, Lamb. 
Tdam LamberAknA WalL Cat. 
Pimdrotp, and nmetimes Morinda, in the 
Himalajras. 



? p. hiit^lla - - - ^ - 

A*Mm hiriMa Lindl. in Penny Cyc. 
Phuw iUrMtfa ThonlK ct Knnth. 



IV. ZA^RIX Tot/m. 3f m 

Thb Lasch. 

Plit«M L. and others. 
Kbie$ Rich. 
HeOz^. Ft. 
LercMenbamn, Ger. 
Laricio, Ital. 



1. europse^ Dec. !K South of Europe 

fig. 2258. 2350 
The European, or eommon. Larch. 
PlntM Ldrtx L., Ac. 
A'^tWlLin. Hort. Cliff. 
Lcirtr decidua MilL Diet. 
lArixfblio decidnOykc,, Bauh. 
Ldrtx Bauh. Pin., Dod., Cam. 
A' bie» hdrix Lam. 
Melixe commtme, Fr. 

Lorcke, Lorcher-Fichte, GemeinerLereken-, 
baum, Terbentinbaum, Eurojpiii$che Ce- 
der, Weiuer Lerchenbamn, Get. 

VarietieM $ • - - 2350 

1 commiiniB Laws, 1^ 

The common European Larch. 

2 lixa Laiof. It 

The loose-A«adr(f European Larch. 

3 comp^ta Law$, t 

The compact, or erowded-^aneked. 
Larch. 

4 p^ndula Laws, ¥ 
The weephig-6raiKA«cl Eoropean 

Larch. 
The weeping Larch from the T^rol, 
Hort. Trans. 

5 repens Laws. It 
The creeping-ftrancAei European 

Larch. 

6 flore riibro *S. 
llie red, or ptiiA, flowered oonmioii 

Larch. 

7 flore iXtio It 
The white-floweied Larch from the 

TvroL 

8 siblrica *St 
The Russian Larch. 

L. sMriea Fitch. 

? L. archangflica Laws. 

L. r6s*iea sab. 

Pinau L. siMrica Lodd. Cat. 

9 dahCirica ii 1^ 
The Dahurian Lardi. 

L. dahiirica Laws. 
10 interm^ia S 

The intermediate, or Altaian, Larch. 
L. intermedia Laws. 
PlniM intermkUa "Lodd. Cat. 



la btacte^ta D. Don. 1 



California 
fig. 2256. 2348 



Other Varieties 
L. Frksert Comp. to Bot. Mag. 



WA 



saver Fir. , ^ 

_. M' Lin. Tnn*., Lamb. 
vMHfiM Dmi^ iB Comp. to Bot. Maff. 



2. americana Mx. It N. America 2399 

The American Larch. 

P)niM larirma Du Roi. 

Pinia microcdrpa W. 

A 6i># microcdrpa Polr. 

Hackmatack, Amer. 

Tamarack, by the Dutch in New Jersey. 

E'.pinette rouge, in Canada. 

..2 



cxI 



CONTENTS. 



Pan* 

VarieHes It - - 2400 

1 riibra*? 

The imaU nd-amed American Larch. 
L. microcdrpa Laws. 
Pimtf microcdrpa Pursh, Lodd. 

Cat. 
Eyinrtte rouge^ Canada. 

2 p^ndula It 

The black veaduloutrbranched Amerl- 
can Larcn. 
L. pAtdula Lawi. 
Tinut p^ndula Alt., &c. 
Pinttf nUemUdia Du Rol. 
P)««M lArijc n)gra Manh. 
Kbia pindula Vois. 
Tamarackt Amer. 

3 prollfera *St. 

The proliferoiu-ftroncAAl Larch. 
L. proHfera Malcolm. 



2105. 2402 



V. CE^DRUS Barrel, t • 
Thb Cbdak. 

PintM L., in part. 
AfaW.Folr., in part. 
Jjirix Toum., in part. 
CedrCf Fr. 
Cedcrt Get, 

1. Libani Barr. t Mount Lebanon 

fig. 2267. 2402 
The Cedar of Lebanon. 

PintM CMrttf L. and others. 

TlnusJbliis/ascicuUtis, Ac., Du Rol. 

Lor/jr Cidrut MUl. Diet. 

Ldrt> oritrUdlis Toom., Duh. 

Cidrus mdgna Dod. 

C. coniferaaaMh.t Ray. 

C phetfUcea Uenealm. 

CMru* Bell. 

A'^bies Cidru* Poir., N. Du Ham., Lindl. 

Varieties i tt . . 2402 

2 foliis arg^nteis 1 
The silvcry^leaved 

3 nilna f m 
The dwarf Cedar. 

Other Varieties. 

2. Deoddra Roxb. i Nepal 

fig. 2283, 2284, 2285, 2286. 2428 

The Deodara, orlndian. Cedar. 
P)ntM Deodilra Lamb. 
XbiesDei^n Lindl. 
DtvadaraTor Deodara, Hindostanee. 
TKe iacred Indian Fir. 

Varieties, or nearly allied Species 2429 
SMinUk, Moorcroll. Forests of La- 

dakh. 
Ckritta rooro, Moorcroll. Forests of 
Ladakh. 

VI. ARAUCA'RIA R. et P. 1 

2105. 2432 
The Araucahia. 
EutSssa Sal. 
Colombia Sai. 
Domb^Lamb. 
Cuprtlstu* Forst. 
TBk MotUhem Pine. 

1. imbricata Pav, t Chili 

fig. 2286. 2293. 2432 
The imbricate-/!rafrf(f Araucaria, or ChiU Pine. 
A. Dombiyi Rick., Lindl. in Penny dc. 
PtniM Araucdria Mol. 
DombPytk ckiUntis Lam. 
Pino dt ChiU, Span. 
Pegknen, in tlie Andes. 
Sir Jofrpk Banks*s Pine. 



Page 

2. brasiliana Rich, f Brazils 

fig. 2294, 2295, 2296. 2439 
The Braiil Araucaria, or Brazil Pine. 

3. excelsa AU, 1 Norfolk Island 

fig. 2297. 2301. 2440 
The lofty Arauraria, or Norfolk Island Pine. 
Entdssa keteroph^Ua Sal. 
Cupr^ssus columndris, SfC, Forst. 
Dombiyz excelsa Lamb. 
AlibtglA excelsa Loud. Hort. Brit. 
Pin deNotfolk, Ft. 

4. Cunninghamtt Ait. f New Holland 

fiff. 2303. 2305. 2443 
Cunningham's Araucar^ or tke Morcton Bay 

AMngih CunningkAnOL G. Don, m Lomd, 
Hort. Brit. 



VII. CUNNINGHA^M/i4 R. Br. f U 

2105. 2445 
The Cunninohamia. 
FIniM Lamb. 
Bilis SaUsb. 

1. sinensis Rick, t i-J China 

fig. 2306, 2307. 2445 
The Chinese Cunningham ia, or broad-leaved 
Ckinete Fir. 

Belts Jaculi/blia Salisb. 
Ptitctf laneeohita Lamb. 
Abies mdjor sinAuis, SfC, Pluk. 
CuHntngkat/iia lanceolata R. Br. 
Araucdria lanceoldta Uort. 



VIIL DA'MMARA Humph, f lU 

2105. 2447 

Tas Dahmab, or Ambtn/m, Tun. 
Pinu* Lamb. 
A'gtihit Sal. 

1. orient^s Lamb. f. L—J Amboyna 

fig. 2308, 2309. 2447 

The Orlmtal Dammar Pine, or A mi mfm a Pitck Tr«t. 
PiRM IMmmara W., Lamb., AU. 
D4mraara dtba Ramph. 
Afgalkit lorantkU'Mm Sal. In Ua. Traoa. 
A. Dimmara Rich. 
Afrborjmum^iuit, Jrc., Ray. 

2. australis Lamb, t t-J New Zealand 

fig. 2310,2311. 2448 

The Southern P-immar, or Kauri, Pine. 
A'gatkU aiuhrMt Undl. 
Curerie Trtr, Nrm Zmlamd Pitek Tr«t,Komrit Pirn*. 



App. i. A tabular View of the principal 
Pinetumst or CoUections of kbi^tina, in 
Europe. - - - - 2449 



Sect. II. CUPRK'SSIMJB. 

i fi-Jl-J« 



2453 



IX. THIPJA L. 1 li-J 1-J • 

2105. 2454 

The Arbor Vrrj:. 

Tkt^a, or Arbre de Tilr, Fr. 
Leben^aum, Oer. 



CONTENTS. 



cxii 



S L Tim« vera D. Don. 



Page 



iVTyV'"^^" £• f- Canada 

fig. 2312. 2314. 2454 
pettsfn, or Atmeriea»^ Arbor Yitae. 
TM^ TkeopkrdsA Bttuk. 
J^rhor nut Cliu. 
WMte CedrnTi Amer. 
i^dre amMeain, Cidre bUmCt Arbrt de 

rie,Tx. 
Gemaner L^embaum, Ger. 
jUbero A TKa, Ital. 

Varieties 1 . . 2454 

2 Tsriegita 1 
The Tartogated-lMwed Arbor Vltae. 

T.o.Jbliis vartegdtis Lodd. Cat. 

3 odoiiu Marah, t 

The ■wwt.Kntied Arbor VilB. 



(o.) plic^ta Ihnn. i « N. Amer. 2458 
Tlie pUcate, or Nee% Arbor Vlte. 

chassis i>imd. 1 -J Chili - 2458 

Hm ChiU Arbor Vite. 

C«i|pr^lM«w UfSldte Faroo MSS. 



§ iL ^tdto D. Don. 
orieotalis L. f China fig. 2215. 2459 

The Oriental, or Chinete, Arbor Vittt. 

Varietiea 1 m . . 2459 

2 strieta Hart, 

The CuUgiate Arbor Vitc. 
T. pyramiddtu Bauh. Cat. 
S tatirica * 

The Tartarian Arbor Vitc. 
T. tatdrica Lodd. Cat. 



$ ilL Cyparissa D. Don. 

ciipressoides L. 1 i-J C. O. H. 

£^.2316. 2460 

Crp'BX'U]^* <^ African, Arbor Vitn. 
T.<m*^ 



apk^Ua Burm. 



p^nsilis Lafub. f uJ China 

- AftMvViue. 



- 2460 



p^ddula Lamb, 1 Tartary 

fig. 2317, 2318. 2461 
The pendulotu-frroficAetf, or weeping. Arbor 
ViUi. 



.pp. L Species net sufficientlt/ known to be 
to any of the preceding Sections, 



Lim. Smmpt., Thumb., W., Lamb. Japan - S462 

(^ui. ml^ Ft ooU, amd Iboki, KmHftf. 



2105. 2462 



1. quadrivldvis Veni, i Barbary 

fig. 2319. 2462 
The four-ralTed Callitrit. 

Tk^fa artiaUiUa Detf. 

Cnpr^anu /hietu quadrivdlvi Shaw. 

TMtfasir6hiiis tetragbnit, ^c, Vahl. 

C. FothergilU f - - - - 2464 

? Cupritna FotkergilA. 

C. triquetra ^ C. G. H. - - - 3464 

Cmpr^sna triquetra Lodd. Cat. 

C. cupresgif5rmii Vent, f N. HoU. - • 9464 

C. macrost^hja Hort. f - - 3464 

A pp. i. Species of C&Uitri* Native$ of Aus- 
tralia, and not yet introduced into Britain, 



CA'LLITRIS VerU, t 

TBS CilXiTKlS. 

Tk^a L., in part. 
Fremel\» Mirbel. 



C. ibombUdea JC. Br. ± N. HoU.' 
C. obldMa Rich, f Pt. Jackaoa 



' 1464 
• S4M 



XL CUPRE'SSUS L,lm 2105. 2464 
The Cmuuf . 

^pris, Fr. 
Qfpresse, Ger. 
Ctpresso, Ital. 
Ctproite, Port. 
Cyprot, Hungarian. 

1. sempervirens 2/. 2 S.Europe 

fig. 2320. 2464 

The evergreen, or common. Cypress. 
C. pjframiddlis Hort. 
Cypria pyramidal, Cyprit ordinaire, Fr. 
Gemcine Cypreuenoaum, Ger. 
The Italian Cypress. 

Varieties t - - 2465 

1 strlcta AfiT^ Diet. 

Cypris m&le, Fr. 

2 horizontalis MiU, Diet. 

C. horhumtdlis N. Du Ham. 
C. expdnsa Hort. Par. 

2. /hydJdes L, 1 N. Amer. f. 2327. 2475 

The ThiOa-Uke Cypress, or White Cedar. 
C. fi^na mart^na, Hfc, Pluk. 
TAt^a sphitroiddlis. Rich. 
Cyprisfaux Thi^a, Fr. 

Variety 1 - - 2475 

2 foliis variegdtis 1 

3. lusitdnica Toum. m Goa f. 2328. 2477 

The Portuges Cypress, or Cedar qf Goa. 
C. Bla&ca Brot. 

C. p4ndula L'Herit.» ? not of Thunb. 
Cedar qfBussaco. 

4. torulosa Lamb. 1 Nepal 

fig. 2329. 2331. 2478 
The twisted, or Bhotan, Cypress. 



5. pendula Thunb. 

Tbc wccpinn CypreM. 



China 
fig. 23S2. 2334. 2479 



App. i. Kinds of Cuprissus of which there 
are Plants in British Gardens, but of which 
very little is known. - - - 2480 



C. horiiontklia Audibtrt. 
C. cxptfma AvdUttrt. 

? C. imvdHsd Uo(t. Par. 
C. FoUwrgdli Lee. 
C. thurifera Hort. Soe. Card. 
C. TaaauMttii Audibcrt. 
C. bacdftfrmU WUU. 
C, uulbM» Ftr*. 



cxlii 



CONTENTS. 



App. ii. Kittda of Cupristua not pet intro- 
duced, - - 2480 






XIL TAXO^DIUM Rich. 3! 1 1 lJ 

2105. 2480 
Thb Taxodixtm* or Decidmoui' Cypreu. 

Cuprils$u$ L. 
Sckubifrtia. Mirb. 
Condylocarpui Saliib. 

1. distichum Bich, % N. Amer. 

f.2335. 24^1 
The two-ranked-^av0il Taxodium» or DecUuoui 
Cf/preti* 

Cuprdnu dUticha L., &c. 

Cupr4i9Ui ameriedna C«t. Carol. 

CtoMr^ssus virgimdna Comm. Hort. 

SekmMrtia. disHck» Mlrb. 

Bald CjfpreUt Cvpreu, Amer. 

QfjMri* ae rAm/nque, (^fprkt ckauvCt Fr. 

XweiTLeilige Cjfprtite, Got. 

Varietiee It - - 2481 

1 patens Ait, It 

2 niitans 1^ fig. 2336—2338. 

J%e long-leaved Deddmoui Cy- 

preu. 
T. d. pendulum Load, Hort. Brit. 

3 exc^lsum Booth, ^ 

4 siii^nse It 

T. «£ntfjue Noisette. 

5 UD^nse pendulum ± 

7. Hi^hue pdttdmlum Hort. 

T. senperTlrens Lamb, f N.Am. figs. 8339, 2M0. 9487 
Tba •fwgiwn Tasodiuni. 

T. cap^DM j^ |_| C. O. H. . . S487 

Thm Cant, or 4f)rictm, Tazodhun. 
Ctifr^atut iwmiptrlMu. L. 

XIII. /UNI'PERUS L. 1 1 «-J • -^ *. 

2106. 2487 
Tbb Jumiprk. 

Sabina Bauh. 
Cidrtu Toum. 
Oen4wrier^ Fr. 
Wackkolder, Ger. 

§ i. Oxjeedri. — Leaves tproading in the adult 
PlantM, D, Don. 

1. commilnis L, m Europe, America, 

and Asia - fig. 2343, 2344. 2489 
The common Juniper. 

J. No. 1S61 a., HaU. 

J. vu^iHt^ 4>c., Ray, &g. 

J. mhior Fuchs, DMech. 

J. eommtmiM $agdtiU$ Pall. 

J. iMkna CluB. 

J. wAnor montdno C. Bauh. 

Qenivrier commun, Fr. 

Qemeiner fVaekMder, Ger. 

Varieties m - • 2489 

1 vulgaris Park, m 

J. v.frutiebsa Bauh. 
J. c. erictis Pursh. 

2 su6cica Mart, il fig. 2343. 
The Swedish, or true. Juniper. 

J. ntfcfca Mill. Diet. 
J. tm/gdris drbor Bauh. 



P«8« 

3 nana mOd, m fig. 2344. . 

J. communis fi Ft. Br., &g. 

J. e. ioxdaUs Pall. 

J. No. 1661. HaU. 

J. iJpXna Ray, Ac. 

J. afylna minor Ger. Emac. 

J. m\nor montdna^ ifCt Bauh., N. 

Duh. 
J. nikna Sm. Eng. FI. 
J. sibiriea Hort. 
J. dHhrica Hort. 
J. c. montana Ait. 

4 obl6nga m fig. 2346. 

TJ. obl&nga Hort. 

5 oblonga^p^ndula ft fig. 234.5. 

6 canadensis ft fig. 2347. 

J. canadensis Lodd. Cat. 

7 deprcfssa Pursh. ft 

J. canadensis Lodd. Cat. 
Other Varieties. 

2. Ox/cedrus X. • Spain, Portugal, 

and France - fig. 2351, 2352. 2494 

The Sharp Cedar, or brown-bcrriedy Juniper. 
J. m4/or Ciun. Epit. 
J. m. monspeMntium Lob. Ic. 
J. phanScra, 4^., J. Bauh. 
J. in4/or, ^c, C.tBauh., &g. 
CedruM pkaenicea Matth. 
Oxfcedrus Clus. 
Oxj/cedrus pkaenicea Dod. 
Tkeprickfy Cedar. 
I^ Cade, Fr. 
Sponiscke, Ger. 

3. macrocdrpa ^m. ft Greece f. 2353. 2494 

The l«ne-fhilt«d Jiud|ter. 

J. M^for, Med evntM, Tomi. 

4. drupi^cea Lab. ft «. Sjria 

fig. 2354, 2356. 2495. 

Tht dnqMOMOt, t Imrgt-findMl, Jvnlpcr. 

5. yir^oiana L. t North America 

fig. 2357. 2495 
The Vhrginian Juniper, or Red Cedar. 
J. mdfor americana Ray. 
J. mdsima, Sfc., Sloane. 

Varieties f - . 2495 

2 hilmilis Lodd. Cat. m. 
S caroliniAna f 

J. eanUmiSmm Da RoL 

Other Varieties 

6. bermudi^na L. i Bermudas 

fig. 2357. 2498 
The Bermudas Cedar. 

Cidrus Bermuda Ray's Letters. 

J. nepal^nsis Hort. - - 2499 

Cupr^snw nepaUnsis Hort. 

§ IL Sofrlius. — Leaves of the aduH Plant im' 
hrieated, D. Don. 



7. 5!abina L. 



The common Sarin. 



Spain, &c. 

fiig. 2359— 2363. 2499 



Varieties il t. - - 2499 

1 cupressifolia Ait, ft fig. 2359. 
The Cypress-leaved Sarin. 
J. lusitanica MUl. Diet. 
So&litaDod. 
SabXnaJblio Cuprissi Bauh., Duh., 

Rar. 
La Mine mate, Fr. 



CONTENTS. 



cxliii 



Pag« 

S ADBariwnl&lim Aii. ft fig. SS6a 
The TamarUk'toavad, or herrp-bear- 

/ofid ToMtffiMtf IHo9cM' 



J. ScfriiM MIU. bkt. 
La SabmefemeUe, Ft. 

3 foIiiB Tariegitis ilfarf. 

4 prostrate ft ^. 2361,2362. 

J.*rwfrdl0Michx. 

J. ripens Nutt. 

J. kud$6mca Lodd. Cat. 

5 alpina t. fig* 2363. 

J. «4»lfla Lodd. Cat. 

8. daurica Pall. ^ Dauria 

fig. 2364, 2365. 2500 
The Da&rlan Juniper. 

9. ph<Bn(cea L, i S. Europe, &c. 

fig. 2366. 2501 
The Fboeniclan Juniper. 

J. mtUwr DioteAridH Out. 

ddnu jakttmieea mUia Lob. 

CMtm t^da retk$a J. Bauh. 

CMrw yaiw C«pr<«f / fM^A^r, 4c., C. Bauh. 

Ogyetdrms l^da Dod. 

Gem^writr de Pkimeie, Fr. 

jyiektmrndHger Wackkolder, Ger. 

10. (p.) If cia L. ft ft. South of Europe 

fig. 2367. 2502 

The Lyrian Juniper. 

J. p. l^eia N. Du Ham. 

CMtm phtenicea ilUra PU»A et Theo- 

pkrmaALob. 
C.Jbiio CupriMti, ^., C. Bauh. 

11. thisrifera L, 1 Spun £<;. 2368. 2503 

The IncenM-bearing. or Spamith^ Juniper. 
J. kitp^bviea Mill. Diet. 
CWrw JUtpdniea, ^., Toum. 

12. excelsa JVilld, i Himalayas 

fig. 2369. 2503 
Tlie tall Juniper. 

J. SoMm 9ar. Pall. 
n ima la ifa Cedar-wood^ 



Empetrdcew. 



15. squamaU 2). Dom. ft Nepal 

~ ' 1 Jaatpcr. or cTMyiiv C*'**'- 



- 2504 



#i. recurva ^aiw. ft Nepal f. 2370. 2504 

The re cur red Nepal Juniper. 
15. oTifera D, Don. ft Cape Horn 2504 

f,cr largt-fndUi, Janipar. 



I. jE^MPETRUM l. 

Tbb CaowBiaRT. 



2506 



- 2506 



16. barbaa^ds £. 1 _l West Indies 2504 



J. 



Janlpcr. 
_>iwilart. 



1. nigrum L. tL Britain 

fig. 2374, 2375. 2507 
The black Crowberry, or Crakeberrg. 
E. montdnumfructu n\gro Ray. 
Erica Matth. 

Erica baccifera Cam. Epit. 
E. cocc\fera procwnbem Ger. Emac. 
£. Cbru/dtto unddcima Qui. 

FariV/y «. - - 2507 

2 scoticum Hook, tL 

2. riibrum L, & South America 

fig. 2376, 2377. 2507 

The nA-frw'ted Crowberry. 

Cranberry of Stolen Island. 



IL CORE MA 2>. Don. « 

Ths Corkma. 

E'mpetrum L., in part. 



2506.2508 



1. Alba D. Don, «. Portugal 2508 

The white-fterriW Corema. 

E^mpelrum dUntm L., Ac, 
E'mj9f/r«nfi lusitdnicum, Ae., Toum. 
Er)ca erictts, tfe.^ Bauh. rin. 
The wkt'te-berried Heath, 
Portugal Crakeberry. 



III. CERATPOLA Mx. m 2506. 2508 

Thb Cskatiola. 



1. ericoides « 

The Erica-like Ceratiola. 



South Carolina 

fig. 2378, 2379. 2509 



17. chin^sis L. ft »- China 

fig. 2371, 2372. 2505 
The Chinese Juniper. 

/. c 2 Smithti ? t - fig. 2373. 2505 

App. u. IRnds of Juniperu* mentioned in 
Beoktf but of which very little is known, 2505 

WWi. 



SmilacecB. ^ 1 L 2509 
I. iSTMI^LAX L.mlL - . 2510 

Thk Smilax. 

§ i. Stems prickly and angidar, 

1. 48pera I/, t. S.France f. 2380. 2510 

The rough Smilax. 

Hough Bindweed. 
SmiUu^ Fr. and Ger. 

Varieties I, - - 2510 

2 auriculata AU, L. 
Leaves ear-ihaped tU the base, 

3 mauritinica 

S. mauritdniea Voir, 

2. excelsa L. i. Syria fig. 2381. 251! 

The tall Smilax. 

S. orienSdtis, ^c, Toum. 
S. dspera Alp j£gypt. 

3. rubens WaU. L N. Amer.f. 2382. 2511 

The nA4endrUed Smilax. 



cxliv 



CONTENTS. 



4. SarsaparUla L. t. N. and S. America 

fig. 2383. 2511 

The medicinal SmiUx, or SarsaparilU. 

S. dsp^a prrutidna Sanapardla Bauh. 

S. peruviana Park. 

S. glauca Michx. 

T^ glaucous-leaved Smilax, 

5. hast^ta WiUd. L Carolina - 251*2 
The BveU'thaped-leaved Smilax.; 

S. Bdna nAx Michx. 
S. dtpera var. Lam. 

Fariety L - - 2512 

2 lanccolata PA. i. fig. 2383. 
S. lonceoldta Walt. 
? S. longifdlia Wata. 

6. Walterw Ph. i- Virginia - 2512 
Walter*! Srailax. 

S. China Walt. 



§ 11. iSSfem prickly f round. 



- 2513 



7. China L, L China - 

The Chinese Smilax. 

China radix Bauh., &c. 
C. vulgaris qfflcindrum Ger. Bmac. 
SmiUue dspera'jn\nor Plum. 
Sankira, vulgo Quaquara, Kttmpf. 

8. rotundifolia L, t. N. America 2513 

The round-leaved Smilax. 



9. /iaujrifolia X. t. N. America 

The Laurel-leaved Smilax. 
S. altera, 4x;., Plum. Ic. 
S. teVu, ^., Catesb. 



- 2513 



10. /amndldes L, A N. Amenca - 2513 

The black Bryony-llke Smilax. 

S. Bry&m'a nlgrte^ ^c, Cateib. 

11. cadikca Zr. -I S. America - 2514 

The dedduoui Smilax. 



§ iii. Stalks unarmed, 4-anpled, 

12. Bona n6x L, L N. America - 2514 

The B<ma.4iox, or ciliated, Smilax. 

S. caper a I'ndia oecidenMis Bauh. 
S.Jbliis Idtis, Ac, Pluk. 
8. mariegdta Walt. 

13. latif;ilia R. Br. m N. HoU. - 2514 
The broad-leaved Smilax. 

14. quadrangularis Muhl, t- N. America 

fig. 2385. 2514 
The four-angled Smilax. 



§ iv. Sterna unarmed, round, 
15. lanccolata L. i- Virginia, &c. 2515 

The lanceolatc-Z^atvif Smilax. 
8. non-tptnosa^ S[C., Cat. 



16. virginiana ilft//. t. Virginia - 2515 

The Virginian Smilax. 

17. piibera WWd. L North America 2515 

Th* downy Smilax. 
8. pAtHtU Walt. 



App. L Kinds of Smilax which are either not 
introduced, or of which we have not seen the 
Plants, - - - 2515 

S. orkU PA. Ocoraia 
S. Klba PA. Carolfiuu 
8. pandarkta Fh. N. Amer. 
8. n)gn W. Spain. 

? The bkidc'berried var. af S. diprrc. 
a. eataldnica Fair. Hpaln. 
8. hdrrlda Z>ei^. N. Amcr. 
S. glabra WnU. N. Amer. 

? 6. Sanaparilla vsr. 
8. alplna W. Gnace. 



YAliacetB. 1 • •i.J «. i. 2515 
I. ^SPA'RAGUS L. A tt. i. - 2516 

The Asparagus. 

SarmenSdcea, part of. Juts., Necs Von 

Esenbcck. 
Aspcrges, Ft. 
Spargel, Gcr. 
CortScruyt. Dutch. 
Sperage, Old English. 

1. sdindens VKilld. %. C. G. H. - 2516 
The climbing Asparagus. 

2. AlbusL.tL Candia - - 2516 

The white Asparagus. 

A. spinbtus, Sfc, Park. 
A. syloistris, Sfc, Ger. 
Corriida t^rtia Clus. 
mid Thong Speragc. 

3. aph^llus « S. Europe - 2517 

The pricklv Asparagus. 
Corrnda dltera Clus. 

A. petras^a. Prickly Roche Asparagus ^ 
Park. 

Vari&ty - - - 2517 

2 creticus finticosus, &€., Thum, 

4. fa.) acutifdlius Zr. ft Spain - 2517 

The a£Ute*leaved Asparagus. 
A. Corriida Scop., Ac. 
A.Jvliis aciuis Baun.^ 
A; sylv^stris Cam. 
A. petroi^us Ger. 
Corrada \.Clus. 



5. h6rridus L. i. ? Spain 

The horrid-jpiMAf Asparagus. 
A. hispaniat Toum. 



- 2517 



2516.2517 



II. /iU'SCUS L. iL I. i. i-J 
Ths BuTCHsa's Broom. 
Pragon, Fr. 
Mausedomt Cer. 

1. aculeatus L. n. Britain - - 2518 

The prickljr, or com m on^ Butcher's Broom. 
Ittiscus No. 1338. Hall.,^. 
MyrlacdnthOt Lob. 



CONTENTS. 



cxlv 



R./. Bryxm Ger. 

K. m g rt MUmt memiedtm Toum., Ac 

Bauc««l>od. 

Bom HaUf, Kmet Hoify, Wild MprOe^Frickfy 

Hon* FrOom, Petit Howe, Bui* pigtumi, 

Pf a gom ipinmjc, Fragon piqmantf ¥r. 
StttkemOer MSusedamy G«r. 

FanetieMiL - . 2518 

3 rotundifolius Barr. tL 

R. m^rii/dUthOfrnpUin DUl. 
3 UjLua Sm. 

R. idrus Lodd. Cat. 

? R,JUxuotu* MiU. No. 6. 

!. hypophyllum L, n. Italy and Africa 

fig. 2387. 2519 
TW omler J«ar Ruicus, or brooMaved Butcher*! 
Rroom. 

R. lati/lilhu, ^., Tourn. 

Lounw aiezandrina Lob., Baah. 

L.. a. ChaMuedApknu Col. 

"L,. a. gcmulma Toam. 

Lr. A. plra Cltu., Ray. 

L.. CAoMfanfcioAw v^a DioicMdis Park. 

L,. «. altera Matth. 

Fragom $an» Fotiole^ Ft. 

Brettbidttriger M'duiedom^ Ger. 

Variety n. - - 2519 

S trifoliitum tL Zante. 
R. trifiMdtut MUl. 

. (b.) i/ypo^68sum Zr. «: Italy, &c. 

2519 

The Under-tongue Rmciu, or double-lemied 
Butcher*! Broom. 

K. angtuttfblitUt ^c, Tourn. 

Vsfpt^lwum Lob. 

ljauru$ alesandrinat fructu pedkulo nui- 

d^nte, Bauh., Rajr. 
I'vuldria Bninf. 
Fragom a Folioie, Fr. 
Zumgen Mautedomj Ger. 

racemosus L, n. Portugal 

fig. 2388, 2389. 2520 
n« branchy Ruicu!, or Alexatubrian Lauret. 

R. amgjutipUitUt friietu tAmmii rdmuUSt 

4"C., xoum. 
Fragom a Grappes^ Fr. 
7Vw«6fl! MauMcdomt G&r. 

uu X. t. |_J Canary Ule! - 3590 



L YirCCA L. f • •L-l 2516. 2521 

Tu YucGA, or Adam*s Needle. 

riori^sa L. • Virginia, &c. f.2390. 2521 

Tte gknioaa Yucca, or Adam'* Needie, 
^./W&A'tortBauh. 
Y. €omadina Aid. Hott. 
Y. imdiea, ifc., Barr. Rar. ^f^ -. 

Yikca pemdvia Ger., &c. 
Y. mdvagtoridta, ^c. Lob. 
Cbrdfeflliif, 4rc., Ray- 
7%^ ««q9CT^6 Yucca. 
Ymcco maim Bon. Jard. 
YtKCca d FeuiUes emti^reSt Fr. 
Pracktiger YmJOum, Ger. 

Foi^yft . - 2521 

2 ioliis TariegfLtis X«ocU> Cat, 

(e.) nip6rba ^au;. £ fig. 2391. 2523 
ne aaperb Yucca, or Adam** Needle* 
Y.glorid$a And. Bot. Rep. 

idoifdlia Z. ^ South America 

fig. 2392, 2393. 2523. 
Tkt Akw-leared Yucca, or Adam'* Needle. 
Y. «riiir/ienM, Jrc., INll. 
A'lM Ytiocs/M/M, caul^*fcni, Fluk. I 



A. am^^M Y6cc« fUii*, arbori$oen*. 

Com. 
Y. eautAcem*,/ilii* limedri-lamceoUUi*, Ae., 

Micbx. 

Variety 1 - - 2523 

2 pendula Ctrf. florf. Par. 1 
The pendent-i^awtf Aloe-leaved Y. 

4. (Iraconis L. Jt S. Carolina f.2394. 2525 

The Drason Yucca, or droopimg-igaved Adam'* 
Needle. 
Y. drac6mi*Jbtio terrdto r^n Dill. 
Dracdmi Arbori, S^e. , Bauh. 
Tacbrl/Mo Drucbni drbori* stmOi Bauh. 

5. strlcta Stmt £ Carolina f.2395. 2525 
The upright Yucca, or Lpom'* narroto-ieawgd 

Adam'* Needle. 

6. recurvifolia 5<a^6. ft Georgia - 2526 

The recunred-leaTed Yucca. 
Y. recwna Hort. 

7. filamentosa L, ft Virginia f. 2396. 2526 

The filamento!e Yucca, or threadu Adam^t N, 
Y./btii*JUamemtd*i9 Mori!. Hi!t. 
Y. mrginidmot ^., Fluk. 

8. (f.) angustif&lia Ph. ft North America 

The narrow-leaved Yucca. fig* 2397. 2526 

9. flaccida Haw. ft Georgia f. 2398. 2527 

The Haodd-leaved Yucca. 

10. glaucescens Haw. m North America 

The glanoeicent Yucca. fig. 2399. 2527 



HalJ^hardyMoTWcotykdofumsPlantSj 
deservitiff a place in the British 
Arboretum. - - - 2527 

Foucro^a longse^va Karw. Mexico 

fig. 2400,2401. 2527 

F. gigantea Vent. S. America 2527 

Littae a gemroifiora Brig, Peru 

AgUve gemm(/Ura Ker. fig. 2402. 2522 
Bomapdrtetk iimcea Haw. 

Agave americluia L. S. America 2529 

J%e Americau^Aioe. 

Ph6rmium tenax L. N. Zealand 2529 

The New Zealand FUut. 

ChamceVops hikmilis L. S. S. Europe 

fig. 2403. 2530 

The dwarf Fan Palm, or Palmetto. 
Vhai^xkiimili* Cav. 
¥dlma hitmili* Bauh. 
Pahmtte Efventail^ Fr. 
Zurergpabnet Ger. 

a sernilata Willd. £ Georgia 2532 
C. h^strix Ph. £ Georgia - 2532 

C. PalmStto Willd. Carolina - 2532 

C6rypha Palm§tto Walt. 
The Cabbage Tree^ Amer. 

Bambuta nigra Lodd. Cat. £ India 2532 

B. ?arundin^cea £ India - 2532 

Aiixndo />6nax Willd. m S. Europe and 
Mount ^tna - - - 2532 



cxlv 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



SUPPLEMENT, 



CONSISTING OF ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. 



Tbe Spedet or Varieties Dot included in the body of the work, but here added, hare the sign of addition 
pnrflxed, thus +• Thofe in which the name ha* been altered have tlie mariL li prefixed. 



Pkut I. History and Gbography, &c. .... 
Part II. Of the Science of the Study of Trees 

Part III. The Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum. 



P*ge 

2533 



Pas* 

Ckmattdea, - 2534 

C16raads triterokta iVc. - - 2534 
+ C. nepal^nsis Dec. ± Mounts 

Choor, Urukta, &c. - 2534 

The Nepal Clematii. 

C. monidna D. Don. 

C. momUtna var. Ham. MS. 

+ C. Hendersdnii Hort. 1 Hybrid 2535 

Cfl6rida - - - 2535 
i- C. f. 3 Sieb61dti D. Don. A 

Japan 2535 

C. SiebiuUk Part, 
C. bioolor Hort. 

+ •IS. C. csmdea Lind. 1 Japan 

fig. 2407. 2535 
The bine, or vMet^Jhwered Clemalif . 
C. tmkreagraikMdro Siebw 
C. gramdiflora Hort. 

CVitic^Ilalr. - - . 2535 

C.V. 5bacc^ta - - 2535 

C. campaniflura Broi. . • 2535 

C.hBkinai Rich. fig. 2406. 2535 

C. monttkna ... 2535 

Pceoniacece. - 2535 

Moffnoriaceee. - 2536 

BlagndUa grandifldra - - 2536 

M.gla6ca .... 2536 

Bltriptola ... 2536 

If.ptirpilA'ea . - 2536 

Linod6iidion Tulipifera . . 2536 

Anonacese. - 2536 

Adrnka Adaos. - - 2536 

Berberaceas. - 2536 

JBMerit vulgaris fig. 2409. 2536 

.9. rmpetriioiia Zam. • . 2537 

.9. florib6nda ... 2537 

n B. hficiuM amgmtt^bMwm Rojle. 

B. a8i4tica Roxb. ... 2537 

I TV L^dmm qf DioBCorUa, Royle. 

^. deaMta Ltiu(/. . - . 2537 



Additional Species of B^rbcris. 



- 2534 

- 2534 

- 2537 



B. Cbriiria Watt. 
B. texif&lia 

MahdniaNutt. ... 2537 
M. fascicularis Dec, - - 2537 

M. rcpens G. Don . - 2537 

§ Nandinic . 2537 

+ Nandha domdstica Humb. 

A i-J China fig. 2410. 2537 



CrucidcetB. 



- 2538 



Cheir^thus Ounri firuticuldsus . 2538 

iberis sempervirens - . 2538 

CUtdcetB Lindl. - 2538 

Cfstus latifolius - - 2538 

Heli^themum umbelUtum - 2538 

Tolyffcditee^B. - 2538 

Pol^gala Chamsb6xus L, . 2538 

Ma/vdcAF. - 2538 

IHbiscus ftvriacus . . 2538 

-)- MiXvsi Munrodna D. Don m 

Columbia fig. 2411. 2538 

Munro*! Mallow. 

liilidceoB^ • 2538 

Tflia .... 2538 

71 europae^ . . 2538 

Gr6wi0 ocddentMis fig. 2412. 2540 

Tlnu^ramiaceas. 2540 

Gbrddniff ... 2540 

Cam^ia reticule fig. 2413. 2540 

Auraniidce€B. - 2540 



COHTKNTS or StlPPLEHEHT. 



HyperiticaB. 



H. (hincnse L. 


fig 


S414. 8M1 

- S541 


H. prolificuin L. 

a. rgjptiacum L. 

+ Jt. ncpaleose Horl. j. 


% 


2iU 
2416 


2541 

2541 
8541 
2541 


Aceracea, 


. 


2541 



ftvr oblungumfTa/f.fig. 8417, 2418. 2541 
J. Pscudo-PlntanuB - • 8548 

i. ompcstrc - - 8342 

t V4f. 5 laTigiium. I 



-i- J. c. 6 nAnuiQ Horl. m - - 2542 

Tl»dw»rt Field M.plF. 
ZJoiifcrri^ .VjKr.« n/A«r - 2543 

AnHclpaltd ^Mci'u o/ A'ccr. 

M^tetieam - - 2543 

J. Icvigatuin ... 2543 

i.nUdsuiii - • 2543 

+ Segitndof. 3 Diol&ceum Bot^h 3 2543 

.f «culus 

M. Hippocaitanum 

-f £. H. 4 f&tiie srg^ntds 

£. (H.) nibic^da 
M. CH.) LjAni 
pBvia b^brida 
P. macroat^cbya 
Oder ForiirtM <!/■ PiuU 

Vt(^«B. - 8544 

Ainpel6pui hiriuta - - 2544 

Ru^dcete. - 2544 

Aiita graveolens - . . 8544 

HiJf-kanfy Spicia of Rita . 3S5* 

App. I. Half-hardy SptcUtl^ VMictm. 

dibit £'ii.ai_|fif!- 2419. 2544 



2543 
2543 
2543 
2543 
2543 
2543 
2543 
2543 
2543 
S£43 



+ Cor 






+ C.a.'i! 

+ CrowM raligf 

4- Bordoia ncrruliil; 



iDdifoliailrc. Ai-I- 2554 
.^lii!.2420.264+ 
fig. i>4:2l.2482. 2544 
Xanthoxtfldcea, 8544 

>U&Ia . - - 8544 



Coridcea. 



Cori^ria myrlifiUa 
C. micK^^lla 



8545 
2545 
8545 



Cela^dceie. - 2545 

£u6nymus europttSis • - 8545 
£. «armontus.,s - - 854S 

£. gardni-r/Viin - - 854B 

E. ^ninJiHoruB - - 8545 

+ E. caucasicus Lodd. Cat. > 

fig. 8483. 8545 

? E. fuiu BIfb, 
£. JaponicuB fig. 2425. 2546 

<;'eliatrLiB scnndena - - 2545 

+ C. nepaliDBU a - • - 8545 
+ C. pjracanthifolia ■ - - 8545 

Ncmopanthes cunadcnna fig. 8424, 8546 

Aquifolidcea. - 8545 

ri« i*quJfoUum - 2545, 2646 

+ /. A. 24 frlictu nigro Horl. t - 8*45 

I'hi' hluuH-frulti-O caninMi Hollj. 
/. baleurica fig. 2486. 2544 

+ /. mngellanica Lodd. Cat. I - 854« 
Priiiosdccidu.is - - 25« 

P. verticillktiu - - 8544 

P. gliher fig. 2428. 2546 

P. coriiceus fig. 8487. 8546 

546 



RAaniRaca;. 



Zfzvphua sinetuu 




- 2546 


Z. Jujuba 


fig. 8420.. 3546 


+ iW^rus virgatua J>. J)oa 


■ 




fijt 


2430. 8547 


TJHtwIgnrClinit'i Thorn. " 




miimuaa 




. 2547 


ff. hairidiis 




- 2547 


N. Erythrcix) Ion 




- 2547 


R. E. nngtistlssimum 




. 8647 


R.pEnic,m»a B^i, . 




- 8547 


+ S. glanduldsus Hort 
CfeanothuB Diiireus 


■ 


- 8547 




- 8547 


C. intcrnicdius 




- 2547 


+ C. collinu!. Doiiii. a. 


fig 


2431. 2547 


The Hl[l-ild« CfannlKui. 






Colletia horrida lVi/l<J. 


fig- 


2432c. 854a 


+ C. ullcina Gil. ■ 


fig- 


432a. 254S 


Relniiillu t'lihtilra Bran 


fig- 


2432i. 8548 


PomiKWrra 




• 2546 


Anacardutcea 


- 2546 


Pisticia 




• 2548 


Kb.<a 




- 2548 


R. suaveolena 




- 8548 


Ab6i aromatica 




- 8548 


IISm^TiWrkor. 








«Mi 




+ R. cafistica Hook ( 




- 2548 








DuviiM ovjita 


fig 


8433.8549 



cxlviii 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



Leguminhsa. 



- 2349 



Sect I. SoPHo'BSJB, - 2549 

Sophora ... 2549 

+ Baptisia tinctoria R, Br, m ^ 

fig. 2434. 2549 
+ i<iiag^sfce'tidaL.:^_j%2435.2549 
+ il. f. 2 gla6ca I>ec. ji «J - - 2549 
+ A. latifolia WUld. j, _| - 2549 

Brachysema latifolium - - 2549 

Sect. II. Zo'tia. - 2549 

iriex europse^a - - - 2549 
^Ijpdrtiuin ^unceum, + 3 odoratissi- 

mum 2>. Don, m fig. 2436. 2550 

+ 5. acutifolium Ltfu^. A - - 2550 

- 2550 

- 2550 

- 2550 

- 2550 
• 2550 



Genista parvifldra 
G, umbellkta 
O, monosp^rma 
G. setbn^nsis 
O, anxdntica 

il O. scaridia VIr. 
\Q.Janu^tuitVir. 
I O. genuHuU Pert. 

G, sagittalis 

G, procCiiDbens 

G. canaridnsis 

+ G. splendens Wehh ct Berth, 

+ G. stenonetala Wcbbet Berth 



- 2550 

- 2550 
fig. 2437. 2551 

1 2551 
12551 



G. inicrophylla 

C^tisus Labdmuin 

C tcop^us 

C. Weldem 

C, prolifenis 

+ C. seolicus Omit, m 

+ C. ^legans Ait, m 

+ C, racemdsus Mamock 

Adenocarpus 

Am^rpha glabra 

Robintrz 

R. diibia 

R. hispida - 

Caraghna microph^lla 



- 2551 

- 2551 

- 2551 

- 2551 

- 2551 
fig. 2438. 2551 

- 2551 

- 2552 

- 2552 

- 2552 

- 2552 

- 2552 

- 2552 

- 2552 



Cbliitea arbordscens fig. 2440. 2552 

Half-hardy "L^tea, 

Bosnse'a n^fii - fig. 2441. 2552 

ilnth^llis erin^ca ... 2552 

Sect III. /TKDTSA^RiiB. - 2552 
Half-hanfy Hedysarea. 

Desmodium polydirpum Dec, 

fig. 2442. 2552 
llediji$arum polvcarpmm Poir. 
+ D. nutans iVaU. m lJ fig. 2443. 2553 

Sect IV. Phaseo'lem. - 2553 

Wistaria chin^nsis ... 2553 

Half-hardy FhasftbltM, 

+ Kennedya rubic6nda Vent, L i-J 2553 

Glycine ntbicunda Curt. 
Carltsuk rubiciMda McMicfa. 



+ K. ov&ta &m'L\^ fig. 2444. 25M 

K. cordhta Llndl. 

+ K. monophylla, K. inoph^Ua, K. 
Comptontdna, K. prostrata, 
K. bractelita, and YL sericea 2554 

Sect V. Cabsix^a. * S554 

Half-hardy Species, 
Poinciana pulch^rrima - - 2551 

Other Half-hardy Legumindut. 

AckcidL Caventa 
A, Ju&brissin 



Kos&cete, 



2554 
2554 

2554 



Sect. I. ^MTODA^LBiB. - 8554 



ilm^gdalus n^na 

A. n. 3 camp^stris 

A, n. 4 incana 

A, n. 5 sibirica 

P^rsica . . - 

P. vulgaris 6 compr£ssa 

ijrmcniaca 

A» pedunculsita Hort, 

jPrunus 

P, domestica myrobalana - 

P, c4ndicans 

Cerasus ... 

C. sylvestris 

C. chlcasa 

C. mibescens 

C Padus 4 bractcosa 

C, mollis 

C. lusitanica 

C. 1. 2 HUa - fig. 

II P^dus racemosus 

Sect II. Stiejem'm, 

K6xria fig. 

iSlpiraB"^ chamsedrifblia media f. 
S, tflmifolia phyllantha fig. 
S, rratsegifoua - fig. 

S, 5etulsef61ia - fig. 

S, alpina 

II i9. a. latifdlia 

11 S, /halictroides 

II S, Aypericifolia var. flava 
1^. ceanothifolia fig. 

S, Aypericifolia Besseriana fig. 
S. falicifblia alpestris fig. 

+ S, nutans 
+ S, taCirica 



- 2554 

• 2551 

. 2554 

• 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 
. 2554 

- 2554 

- 2554 

- 2555 

- 2555 
. 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 

- 2555 
. 2555 

- 2555 
. 2555 

2445. 2555 
. 2555 

- 2555 

2446. 2555 
2449. 2556 
2448. 2556 
2450.2556 

2447. 2556 

- 2556 

- 2556 

- 2556 
. 2556 

2452. 2556 
2451. 2556 

2453. 2556 
. 2556 

2557 



Sect III. FoTXNTi'LLB.a. - 2557 

Rubus ... 2557 

R. id8e\i8 - fig. 2454. 2557 



R, firudcosus 
Potentilla fhiticosa 
P. f. 2 dahurica 



- 2557 
. 2557 
. 2557 



C0STEHT8 OF SUPPLEMENT. 



P. £ 3 tennfloba 
I P.florft)&iulB 
+ X.» CowA'ifU D. Don. 

The CnmU. 
+ l.C.plicatBi}.JDmia. fig. 2455. 
na pUUed-lmtri Cowu)*. 
Sset. IV. Bo-tta. 
Bin - . . . 

JuM microph^Ua 
•1-JI.m.altMJi . . . 

M. alpiBB 
+ A. «. 15 specif ■ 

+ a. S. p-aoilis • - 
K. Donianii 

+ «. T). horriila ■ 
t-WiIsoniBoiT 



-f fi. d. subalba a 



l-fl.c 



la cristAta Hook, A 



fig. 2457. 
fig. 245S. 



A. Utea 

+ £, L 4 flore pleno ■ 
+ Jt. 1. 5 Hogga ■ 

B. mbigindxa 
4-A. Lyonii B 



S.fndica ... 

+ iZ. L 12 flav^cns AW. • . 
+ A. i 13 Blalri D. Dod. ■ 
Urinica fig. 2460. 

IIB. W.IW. Undl, 
II B. lrriri.Ia MUilii. 

A. macroph>lla 
Astte'^s coccinea 



. fi558 
2556 
2556 
2558 
S55S 
2559 
8559 
S659 

2659 
£559 
2559 
I. 2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
2559 
8559 
8559 
2559 
8560 
2560 
2560 
2560 
2560 
2560 
8560 



+ C c. 5 ncapoliti 



Avta'^us punctata - - ! 

I C p. 4 brtvispina Doag. f.«468. ! 

CovaKlnlJa - - . '. 

C. DougldAii . . . 1 

C. irilubita - • . : 

C. Ardnia - - - ; 

C beterophyila . . i 
C. Oxyacantfaa 



8562 
2568 
8568 



II C. £aHt(rtKni Bart. 

$ iTi. Gla&ta. . . S 

pmiMofOu Spain of Cralaffut - S 
> of Onte'^w. 
a Ztici-4. I . - a 



+ C. o(>^ca Hoot. 1 



I XIII.* Stban»«V.i Lindl. 

I 1. S. g]auc43cem Lindl. t 

%. 562. 5fi3. in p. 845. 

Cotonetjitr (v.) laxiflora 

+ C. (y.) 1. 2 unirtora Fiich. B - 

C. numinutikria 



+ C. lieVia Lorfij. ■ ■ - S5M 

/'jrus communia - - 2564 

/'. VLiriolosB - - - 8564 

P. Michauzii - . . 2564 

/*. (.'l/Lilusl/ininilolia • - 2564 

J>. (A/.)diolca - - 2564 

P. (c.) angugti/olia - - 8565 

+ P. Schiitu* Led. s - . 8565 

+ P. stipulicea Hnrl. I - - 8565 

P. A^riti angustifiUtH • - £566 

n P. vf.longifolia i/ort. - 8566 

P. A. ediilis Hoil. . . 8566 

II CraLr'gmi trS a Hart. 

P. rivularis . . . 8566 

P. americana ... 25ce 

II I'. laxaMntu Hort. 

P.S6rhiiB . . - 2566 

P.apilria ... 2586 

P. (arbutifolia) melanoc&rpa - 8566 

l|]ir.>iriM«iliiLodd. 

irM.p.-./wiiLwUI. 

P. [a.) ID. 2 Huhtiub^Bcens Ladt. 8566 

II P, m. nnuiocltTpa Won- 

P. grantlif6lia • fig. 8465. S566 

P. (.'hamsuiespilua - - 8566 

Enol>6trva ... 2506 

E. eMiptica ... £566 
Kiigen£ck>a cntacgoMes fig. 2466. £566 
ColyciDlhus Invipbttu . . £566 
Chimonanthui fragrans • 8566 
4- C. f. 4 parvifldf us HoH. ■ . 2566 

Grwnatiicea;. - 2566 

PttnJCR fr'ranfbtuTn - - 8506 

Onagr&ctie. - 2566 

FQchsia microph^lla - ■ 2566 

F. excorticata - . - 8567 
+ F. flilgeni Dec. ■ i_l - - £567 

I'hiladflphdcete. - 8667 
+Philad6\phusOorAoni^,aUiua.»9S67 

+ 6,* P. s|>eci6sus Schrail. • 



D. BrununtR 

+ D. grandifldra * 



. CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



Eucal^tiu rob6na St 
B, amyad&lina 
4- E. oTpma Hnrl. au - 
LeptosperDiiiiD lacfgenun 
L. bHcci'iCiun 



2567 
8567 
2567 



L. grandifldruo] • • ) 

L. atellatum - . . i 

+ L. »copiriiim Farit. j fic- i*68. i 

THi BroBm Tres, or Dog-viouil Trt€, 

3f^rtus%mniitnis''jig.2«30,24'70. i 

CrassulaceiS. - i 

SMum populUoUum fig. 2471. 1 

Heaumuriaceie, i 



+ H. vennieulita Linn. ■■ _ 




2569 




Cact^OB. 


- 


2569 


Oplintia vulgaris fig. 


2*74 


2569 




Grossid&cetE. 


. 


8569 


Sii^t 


. . - 




2569 


a. bc£iBtre 






2569 



R, multifloruui 

ttVLiUiflliiam. 
B. proatrSituin 
R. reaindgiun 
R. rigens 

A. puDcUttum 

B. floiidiun 



2569 
8570 
2570 
2570 
2570 



fig. 738. I 
%.2+76. : 



R. viacoifwimiuD 
R. flavum 

Mr, tiordon's List orthe<liffereiit 
species of Biba. 

Escallonikccte- 
4- Eacallunin glandulosa a _l - 
+ E. illinila ■ _l fig. 2477. 



Hydrangea ... 

UmbellAcea. 
fupleurum rruticosiun fig. S476. 

Hedcrdcete. 
/fcdera Welix ... 
Hamamelidacecc. - 
Stunamvlia vifgfnica - 



- 2571 
- 2571 



ViMam 
Aietiia 
Loranthua i 



fainbiicus 
Fibdmum 
y. lasvigiitum 



uropieHis 
Caprifoli&cea. - 



nHort. 



2571 
, 2571 
2571 

2572 
2578 
8578 
8578 



F. Lantana 

F. L. 2 grandifoUa 

y. cotinjfblium 

II V. HullUu nam. 
y. (TpuIlM 

y. O. 4 nana Hort. m . . 

Lonicna ... 

L. parviflora fig. 2480, 2-W 1 . 

L. senipervircns 
L.8. 2m^r 
+ L. hUpIdula L fit;. 8483. 

CaprOilim* JiUpUmitam Doug. 

L. loDgiffora fig. 84S2. 

■I- L. montilDa Iloti. l - 
S^phoricarpus raccmdeus 
Rubidceev. 
Cephalanthus 

+ Lucuiia gratissima D. Don ■ i_| 
fie.S484. 2 

Luaiii Stca, NsptleM. 

Comp6sita. - s 
Ananisia - - - i 

Culcitium - - • S 

Pyrcthnim - . - S 

+.l'nthemisp6rrigcnB//Drl. * 

fig. 2486. a 

africHnua fig. 8487. i 



2572 
2572 
8572 
2578 
2572 
8578 
2572 
8572 

8573 
2573 



Erii>ce]>hBlui 



Epacridhcea. 
'A^inifolia fig.24«e. 
^ricaceic. 

E. T^iralix 
E. T. 4 Mackaia'na 
E. Macknii . . - 

E. arborca ... 

E. ciltiriB . . 

Calluna vulgum 

Directions for tlic Culture of Cape 

Heaths ... 

Andr6mc(Iii ... 



8573 
2573 



8574 
8574 
2574 
257* 
2574 
2574 
8574 



CONTKNT8 OF SUPFLEUENT. 



C«niop« 



/rimtna C/^edo 
L b^brida 
A. Jodrachne 
+X ^leciosa t _; 

^ A. nepali-nsU t _J - 
inlt>staphylos U'va-iirsi 
*A.V.2 austrium Lodd. «- 
ftfnettyn muu-oniita 

Bpipe>a repens 

+E. r. mlncundH D. Don A. 

AioiIrKtciKlron 

M. poficicum azalcoldes 

+ B. p- fmgrans ■ 

I. — ^^i""-" bjbndain 

M. nadifldrvm rutilani 
J. tiscotniiii Cartonia 
l-Xhodois 



. 2574 

- 2574 
fig. 8489. 2574 
fig. 2490. 2574 
Sg.24dl. 2574 

-. 2575 

- 8575 
fig. 2492. 2575 

2575 
2575 
2575 
2575 
2575 
2575 



- 2575 



ll»«i»iJHM globuliuis 
\n\r* pr-T-f""'™" 

rMcinhun 

r. grandifloruni 

T'.pMUfolium 

(hjc6ccus 



• 2576 

- 8576 
fig. 2404. 2576 

- 2576 
fig. 2495. 2576 

- 2576 
fig. 2496. 2578 
fig. 2497. 2576 
fii.2498. 2576 

- 2576 
fig. 2499. 8576 
fig. 2530. 2576 

- 2576 

- 2576 
fig. 250). 2577 
fig. 2502. 2577 

- 2577 
of Eriritft. 



+ tAifTsinaceiT. - 2578 
+ JlfJraniealHcinaZ,.«i_|(ig.2S04.2578 

via Mr'd «Miteto> Com. Hon. 

+ MMgtilia SCUIeridM Pctb. • uJ 

**^*i*~ "•* 1- fig.2S0S. 2578 

Sapotacete, - 8579 
AinUia /ydoides fig. 8506. 8578 

B.g»&aio\M - ^.2507.2578 

EiendceiT. - 267S 



Okdcetc. 
LigbatDim - • 

L, spicitum - - • 

+ £. s. 8 glabnim Hoot. 1 
L. litciilum ... 

L. I. 8 fioribandum fig.250e. 

iiiilljrea 

O'lea .... 

O. cap£nais . fig. 2509. 

+ Notelte^ /iguBtrina Venl. ■ 

fig. S510. 



^JoBtks'a 

S. Emldi 

fVaxinus 

F. excelmoi" 

F. e. a6re« 

J^. purpuHacens 

F, pui7>urea 

F. (e.) angustifolta 

F. ^tisritoIU 

F. epSptem 

Satminacea. 



2578 
2578 
2579 
B57« 
2579 
2579 



2S79 
2570 
2579 
8570 
2579 
2560 



fig. 2511. 1 
fig. 2518. 1 



./BsmlauTn 

Apocynace^E. 
Hnca 
+ F. BCudTaliH Berl. m. • 

Asclepiadacete. 

Half-hanly !^itaa of 
+ PhysiAnthus iltncant Horl. 1 



S58I 

2581 
2581 
2581 



BiffnonikceiB. 



iJignoma 
Tecoma radlcans 



2581 
2581 

2581 



II 9. trimegfilhim Jicq. 

II S. mmiriiiuHum WlUa. 

S. littorale Horl. 

Z^ciiun lanceoUtum f.2513.2516. 

I., turbinatum - fig.2517, 

ScrophulariaceiC, - 
Ilutf-hiij-iig Spreia. 

+ PeDUtibnon Scoiileri Doug. ■. 
fig- 25l8. 

+ P. atropurpurea Cr. Don, m. . 



8582 
2562 
2582 



COHTCMTS 0> SUPPLaHKHT. 



'Werbenacete, 
Vltts idgIm 
Clerod^droD Bpeciosiwinuin 



i^iuDbigo cap^nms fig. %JS20. E5B3 

Ckenopodidceee. - 2583 

iftrkilei /falimuB - - : 

IU<£ia proEtrita 

Voh/g<mdce(c. - 8563 

+ Tragopynmt maritmnun Dci^. ■- 8AS3 

iMurdcetE. - 2583 

XcAnu ii6bilis - - : 



+ B6nksta letifSUa JI. Jr. ■ iJ 

fig. S5S2. 
Tiii/TtiFlucea 

flefignu hort^naia orientalis 
£. conf^rta . - . 

inpp^ihM Rhamnoldes • ' • 



£iinh6tbia ■pindBB 

+ E, ilfyrnnites ■- - 

-i-£.rfgida «. 

Bbxvm Beraperrlreiia 

Jhdf-hardg Sptia. 

iTagi&nthiis aivaritiUiis fig. B6B4. 

+ tVoioii riisniariniOIia Cunn, ■ _| 

fig. 8S23. 

+ Adilk AdtUMon * —■ % 2585. 

MrtUdcea. 
MbTva nlgn fig. 2586. 



M. 0. macroph^Ua 
Jr. hup£nica 
BrouMOn^tin papjrifiini 
+ B. p. 3 IWictu &lbo • 
BArya BcumiD^ti 
B.%Aftriiia 



Vlmdcea. 
CTlmus 
U.c.niaia m 

+ {7.a.fDliuvari^!>tia i 


- 8586 

- 8586 

- 8587 

- 2587 

- 8587 


JvfflanddcefE. 
Jilglan. 
CSiya Alba 
Pterocaiya cwidiBica 


- 8687 

- 8587 

- 8587 
• 8567 


Salicacea. 
S. babvldnicH 


- 8587 

- 8587 

- 8588 



S, b, Niq)ole6aa - . 2588 

S. nigra fig. 8527 a. 2588 

S. figlistrina %. 8527 6. 8588 

S. versicolor fig. 8588. 2588 

+ S. colutedides Aftrb. ft fig. 2529. 8588 
+ S. sitcheiuU Horl. • . - 8588 

i^ulus . - . 8588 

P. olgrtt fwd P. fiutigiiUa - • 8588 
P. 61ba ... 2589 

P.trfmulB - . - 8589 

P. &atiffkta - - - 2589 

P. balBamifera fig. 2530. 2589 

BetuJocAf. - 2589 
ifbua .... 8589 
+ A.aeaiimiit»H.tlB. I_lf.2531.8589 
-1-^. cMtaDeieiolis Mirb. S _l f. 8532. 2590 
BfyviaObt ... 2590 
3. fniticdsa ... £590 
S. papyricee ... 2590 

CoryUcea. - 2500 
Qu^rcus • . . 8500 

Q.Mssilifldn> ... 2590 
Q.Cerris ... 8591 

+ Q.CIaciiuita I fig. 8534'. 8591 



Q. gramfuitia . . 2591 

Q.Itupfinica . . . 2591 

Q. vlrcDB ... S591 

Q. tflHlQiWrfca But. BM. Gud. 

Q. MUT^ . . . 2591 

Q. glabemma . . . 8592 

Mexican Oaks . . . 2598 

Q. xabp&uia ... 2592 

i%i8 - - - 2593 

"' :hinchiiienaiB I<ow. . 8593 



F. antarcdca Funl, 
F. Aetuldldea 
F. Bylvitica 
Cbsuoea 
(^rpinus 
(fMrym virgfniai 



. 2593 

fig. 8536. 8593 

- 8593 



CONTENTS OF SUPPLEMENT. 



Orytitt Aw^OinM 


WW 


P.Wnister - 


- ^ 


C.Apnrpilw. 


S595 




. 2599 


CrJuiU 


2526 




- 2S99 


ViatanAcecE. - 


2597 


P. h. marfdoia - 
P. briitTO 


• «59« 

- B5W 


Wuiuu 


2597 


P.VBriibiliB 


6g. 2040. 869* 
- 2599 


'Bdltamdcea. 


2507 


P. LtoedM - 




2597 
2597 
2597 


vl'bies 
A. ezc^laa 

A. e. viminMis 


- 2509 
• 2509 

- 2599 


k Gnetacefie. - 


2597 


P. rftmtMii AlRnn. 




f'phedn americiinn fig. 2539 


2597 


A. e. strfcia - 
A. Soiithiaiui 


- 2600 

- 2601 


TajdwiF. 


2597 




- 2601 


nsiU haccala 


2507 


Picei - ' - 


• 2601 


Ri}116cladts fricliomanoiJcs 


2597 


P. pectinita - 


fig. 2548. 2601 


Ctmlfiray j AiiVtwki-. 


2591 


P. religidsa - 


Gg. 2543. HAS 


Jtau . . - 


2597 


Lan\ luroptt'a 


- 2608 


y.iyWfatrw - - - 
P.pumnia - 

.p. HiHUf Unk. 


2597 
259S 


L. ameritana 
CedruB Libani - 
C. Jieoildra 


- 2603 

- 8603 

- 2603 


f.^Migkut ^ 


2598 


Arauc^ria excel sa 


- 2603 






A. Cunniiighuiuii 


fig. 8545. 2603 


f-mOTiS* - - 


2S59 


m,„n,ura auslrilis 


• 8603 


p. rsMKito Link, 
fhwi' Laricio - 


S596 


C«priMU..™p.rvir«B 


- 8606 


Auistriocs . . . 


2598 


./uniperus 


- 2605 


P.iMcrdLlDt. 






• • 2605 


?..lgn 


2598 


Agave americana 


fig. 2546. 8605 



APPENDIXES. 

ArP. I. Form of Return Paper • ... 

ArP. II. IJBt of Trees and Shrubs growing in Italy, with their system- 
atic and popular Italian Names • ... 

App. IIL Priced Catalogues of Trees and Sliniba, contributed b; Britisb 
nd Continental Nurserymen ... 

I, Catalogue of American end other Tree and Shrub Seeds, imported 

for Sale by George Charlwood ... 

II, Catalogue of Forest and Ornamental Trees, American Plants, and 

Flowering Shrubs, sold by Richard Forrest 

IIL A List of 'u'ees. Plants, Sec, sold by Peter Lawson and Son, Edin- 
burgh . - . . . - 

IV- Catalogue of Hardy Trees and Shrubs cultivated for Sale in the 
Kursery of the Brothers Baumano, at BoUwyller 

V. List of Trees and Shrubs taken &om the Retail Catalogue of Janwa 
Sooth and Sons, Hamburg - - . ■ 



INDEXES. 

Index to Genera, including the En^ish Names and scientific Synonymea - S655 

i. f^f »w to Miscellaneous Subjects - ... SMT 

Iml r)^ to Penon* and Places • - - - ■ 8978 



div 



LIST OP PORTBAITS OF TREES 



LIST OF THE PORTRAITS OF TREES 

FORMING VOLS. V. VI. VII. AND VIII. 



OBOSJl IK WHICH THrr 
njLCB WBMMM KACH TmXX 



rLACXD IH THX8X TOLUICKS, WITH THB NAKX OF 
, AHD or TBI AETIST WHO TOOK THS rOBTKAlT. 



The Bomber <m the left hand merely ihowi the aeriee ; that on the right extremity of the column, In pa- 
Notbesii, ii the number printed on the ^ate; and the number precedmg it refen to that page of the body 
of ttM woriL where the tree ii treated of. 



1. Ilagn61t0 grandifl6ra - p. 261. (1.) 

Bieatford Nunery. Mits Rma BoihMs. 

S. M. e. exoni^nsis - p. 261. (3.) 

T%e Chiswick VUbu Miu Mi L, 

8. M.gla6ca ' - - p. 267. (4.) 

Iffie End Nonery. Mr. A. Varim, 

4. M. jd. Thompsoniafta - p. 267. (5.) 

lIDe End Nunery. B, Vmriem, 

5. M. trip|6tiila - p. 269. (6.) 

mieEnd NurMry. & Tar**. 

d. If. macroph^lla - p. 271. (7.) 

The Chitwick Villa. MiuM.L. 

7. M. acuminata - p. 273. (10.) 

Meian. Loddlget, Hackoay. B, Fardem. 

8. M. acuminata, full-grown tree - (9a.) 

DukeofN<nihamberland,Syoo. O.iLXevu. 

9. M.cord4ta - - p. 275. (11.) 

Meiirf. Loddlgea, Hackney. BJiVardem, 

10. M. aiiricuI4ta - p. 276. (a) 

Meiirf. Loddlgea, Hackney, a. Farden. 

11. M. (a.) pyramidlita - p. 277. (9.) 

MeMrt.Loddlget, Hadmqr. M» Vardem. 

12* M. conspfcua - p. 278. (12.) 

mie End Nursery. E. Varden. 

18. Liriod^dron Tulipffera p. 284. (13.) 

Hort 8oc. Card. F, JZMfcA. 

14w L. Tulipffera, full-grown tree (12a.) 

Syon Hoofe. O. B. Lewis. 
TlLlJLCES, 

15. HWa, eorope a - p. 364. (15.) 

Hort Soc Oard. Miss M. L, 

16. 7*. e., full-grown tree - (8a.) 

Stadley Park. H. W, Jmkts. 
tioR. Boc. bara. Miss M, X.* 

18. T. (e.) p. minor - p. 365. (20.) 

Hort. doe. Oard. Miss M, L. 

19. 71 (e.) lacinikta - p. 366. (21. or 22.) 

Hort Soc Oard. Miss M. L, 

20. T. (e.) parvifblia a6rea p. 366. (25.) 

Hort. Soc Oard. MissM,L, 

"•''•£;tSS'^'^"-}p-378.{18.) 
Att.Boe.Otfd. Mksli.L. 



Vol. V. 

22. T, americ^l 
(syn. &lba) J 

Hort. Soe. Oard. 



p. 373. (24. or 25. 
Miss M. L, 

23. T. (a.) lax]B6ra - p. 374. (23. 

Hort. Soc. Card. Miss M. L. 

24. T. (a.) pub^cens p. 374. (22. or 27 

Hort Soc Card. Miu M. L, 
ACERA*CEM, 

25. ifcer tatdricum - p. 406. (26, 

Hort. Soc Oard. Miss M. L. 

26. A. spic&tum - p. 406. (30. 

Hort. Soc. Oard. Miss Jf. L. 

27. A. striatum - p. 407. (28, 

Hort Soc. Oard. Miss M. L. 

28. A, macroph^Uum - p. 408. (34. 

Hort. Soc Oard. Miss M. L. 

29. i^.platanoldes - p. 408. (35 

Hort. Soc Oard. Miss M. L. 

30. A. p. laciniktum - p. 409. (36 

Hort Soc Oard. Miss M, t. 

31. i4. sacthdrinum - p. 411. (37. 

Hort. Soc. Oard. Miss M, £, 

32. A. Pseiido-Platanus - p. 414. (33. 

Hort. Soc. Oard. Miss M, L, 

33. A. P8e{kdo-/1&tanu8^ full- \ ,^^ 

Hort Soc OanL Miss ML. 

35. A. opulifiMium • p. 420. (31 

Hort. Soc Oard. MissM.L. 

36. A. O^palus - p. 420. (31a. 

Hort. Soc Oard. MissM.L. 

37. A. eriodtrpum - p. 423. (40. 

Hort. Soc Oard. Miss M. L. 

38. J. e., full-grown tree - (39a. 

Bot. Oard., Kew. X. Mmrtim. 

39. i<. nkbrum - p. 424. (39. 

Hort. Soc. Oard. Miu M. L. 

40. A. r., fuU-grown tree - (38a. 

Bot. Oard., Kew. L. Mmrtim. 

41. J. monspessuUknum - p. 427. (27. 

Hort. Soe. Oard. Miss M. L. 

42. A, m., full-grown tree • (27drJ 

Hob Booie, Baan. tLW.Jwkm. 



grown tree 

SodI 



todlayFark. H.W.Jmkes. 



rORMIHG VOLS. V. T[. Til. AMD V 



clT 



I. i. e t mp t tU * - p. 4S8. (3S.) 

BkI Soc Iteid. Kla J(. L. 
i, J.e^ fuQ-grawn (ne, 4Co - (3Sa.) 
StaBrf Pirk. X. W. Jutm. 

Bfrn HooH. 1IH 1 II .I W . O. it. Ltvii. 
i. yfeindo/TtaiDitoVmra p. 460. (41.) 

Hon. Soc Oud. Mm It. t. 

(. -V./. crispum - p. 460. (42.) 

Son. S«. Gud. Miu a. L. 

S. .£'KalusHippocaataiiump.463.(43.) 
\. jB. H.. full-grown tree - (44.) 

Foni Hill, fiifleU. »-. J. »!«lrM. 

Hon. Aoc Gird. lOaM. L. 
i. Pa™ ribra - p. 469. (48.) 

Hart. fi«. Gird. WiuM.L. 
t P, J- fijll-sfowa tree - (48.) 

Sron Kiiuis. c. K. Lrmii. 
I P. r. humilis pcndula - p. 470. (52.) 

HgM. Sue Gul. MiB II. £ 



L P, f.. ful!-gfo«r 

SjvD HaUK, G. 

L P macroc^B 

Hon. Soc. Cud. 



« - (31.) 

p. 473. (58.) 

r. Kolreultria pHniculatB • p.475. (53.) 

Xanthoxvu'cejs. 
L Xanth6xvlmii/raKineuinp.488. (54.) 

Hon- 5«. Cri «. U Jr«K. 

). Pteleft trifbUtB - p. 489. (55.) 

Hart. Sec Gud. Kin M. t. 

t. ..MUitfiu glanduldia - p. 490. (56.) 

Hart. Boe. (Urd. iffu U. t. 

. .rf. g., fiilUgrown tree - (55<i.) 

^DD.Haiin. O.R.LewU. 

L £ii6iijtiiiia europte'ua - p. 496, (57.) 

Hoit. 8at. Gud. MUtU.i. 

\. K. UtiKtUiu • p. 498. (58.) 

Hart. Bee. Gud. Ill- U. L. 

I Tle^ ^quifalium - p. 505. (59.) 

i. I. A., full^grown tree - {59d.) 

1, /. opicft - p. 516. (60.) 

Mill, LttM^m ltiuH.1. 

r. /. opioi, fiill-«rown tree ■ (59A.) 



JIramna'cba. 
I. miitrus aculeitua - p. 527. (61.1 

llort, Hw. <i.rd. ltlKll.L. ' 

I. J" a., full-grown tree - ($Oft.> 

S;onllou>c. 6.11. LntU. 
I. Jihfiinnus cathsrticus - p. 531. (68.) 

Hoit, Soc. Gud. iHHM.L ' 

. a. alpiniu - p. 536. (62c.) 

Hon. 8«. Cud. Mu.JT.'t. * ' 

!. Ji. Francula - 'p. 537. fASa.) 

H^n. Soc, G.rd. MUt m:l. ' 

1. n. ktifiJlluB - p. 538. (est.) 

Hort. Soc, C»rd. Mia M.L. ' 

Homalina'cks. 

'. Aristolelin Mdcoui - p. 543. (69.) 
Fvlhua KunoT. a. IF. Mo. 

i. Sophara japonica - p. 563. (64.) 

Wrt, Sot, Olid, MluM.£. ' 

I. 5. j.. full-grown Iree, 4to - (630.) 

Sjoii HOUM. O. «. X'WA. 

'. S.i. pendula . p.564. (65.) 

&A. Soc. Gud. MiMiM.L ' 

I. Vireilio liitea - p. 565. (66.) 

mn. Stk. Gud, Mia M. L. 
'. Cvtiaua Z«burnuin • p. 590. (67.) 
'Hon.Soe.-Gud. M(a M. L. ' 

'■"■tCf """.'""■}?• »".(«i.) 

Hon. Soc. 0*rd. JHu JTL. 

. C.alpinus - p. 59). (70.) 

Hon. Soc. Giird. Ifttt X. I. 

L C.^. pi^iidulua ^. 0.591.(700.) 



83. Robinin Pseud-Jcacia 



□a - p, 6 



I, B. 'V.-A. umbraculLfcra p. 6 



I- (71.) 



L R, hlspida macrophtlla p. 628.'(73>i;) 

Hon. Soc. Gud. B. U Jtumt. 
I. Caragana arbor^ucens p. 689. (76.) 

nSt. Soc. Cjird, Hi.. M.i. ' 

I. Oledttiichia triac^nllios p. 650. (76.) 

Hon. Soc. CutI. Miu M. I. ' 

. C.. t., (■iill-i.row.i tree - p. 650. (75a.) 

SjonHouii. a.R.Lni: 
!. G. in^mis - p.650. (774j 

Hon. Soc. Gud. Miu M. L. 
I, G. i„ full-grown tree - (76«.) 

Sjvn HoUH. Q. R. Ltvii. 
H O. lin^BJa (gyn. hdrridaj p. 054. (76.) 

Hon. Sec. Cud. H. Lt Jain. 

<. 0.(B.)JBp6nica . p.6M. (80j 

Main. IdddJis. a.UJtmH. 



LIST ar PORTRAITS OS TREES 



97. O. (8.)piirpui 



M. B.Le^ 



I. Loddigci. 
Hcun. Loddlgii. B. LtJamt. 



654. (7B&.) 



Beat. Sac. Oni. MUt M. I. 

Vol. VI. 

AOIA'CBK. 

105. ifm^dolus coniiiiuniB p. 674. (85.) 

I(W. J'ersica vulnns - p. 680. (66.) 

Mart. Sac. C^. Mii,V.L. 

107. .^rmeniacavulgBris - p.682. (87.) 

108. ^.sibirica - p. 683. (88.) 

Hon. &K.Cud. MlaM.L. ' 

109. Prunus «pmosa - p. 684. (90.) 

Hon. Sac. Cud. B. w. Ma. 

110. P.insitttia - p.687. (91.) 

Hon. s«. Gttti. B. W. Juta. 

"'■ ''*iJ^*^''*^^"'}p-888.(93.) 

Hon. soc. oud. mu M. z. 
US. Cerasus aylvestriB 1 -^j, ,„, , 

^n-duricina)- / P* **^ ***'J 

lis. C. 8., fi>n-crown tree - (95a.} 
StiHllFT Puk. il. W. Jmta. 

114^ CTul^wli^yn.&Tiuni) p.693.(H.) 
115. C. V. sempprflorens - p. 701. (96.) 



p. 707. (98.) 

117. C.Pidaa - p. 709. (99.) 

Bort. Sue. Ovd. B. Lt Jnmi. 

118. Cser^tina - p.712. (101.) 

Harl.&K.dard. B.LtJtwm. 

lift Cliuitinica - p. 714. (97.) 

Sfon HoiiH. B. Li Jtame. 

IM. C. U fuU-gTown tree - (97a.) 

181. CratsguicocctQea - p.BlO. (108.) 

Han. Sue. Gud. MUJtiait. 

Itt. C. glaiidu16sB • p.817. (108a.) 

Hart. Sqc. C«d. 0. Lt Jnaie. 



IfiS. C. punciiitn • p. 818. 
lion. 8w:. o»d. B.LtJ^. 


(104.) 


184. C. ;>vrif61ia - p.8I9 
Hon. Soc. GiM. ff.£«JS»K. 


(lOS.) 


las. C.inscrBcfintha . p. 819 


(105.) 


W6. C. CrOs-gSlli - p. 820 

Han. Sw. Cud. JRH B. JtmalA 


(103.) 



Cercis .filiqiiisirum - p. 657. (83.) 

C. S., full-ffrown tree - (886.) 

S;on Huuic, c. n- Levd. 
C. canail^nsis - p. 659. (83.) 

Hnrt. Sac. Gud. lOtoJV.Z. 
^CBcifl dcalbata - p. 666, (74.) 

Bolt. Sac. Qui. Mialt.L. 

I. C. C.pyracanth»(&liap.880. (108.) 

Hart. Soc Gird. B. Lt jfsM. 
I. C. C. faUcifiklia - p.880. (lOSaJ 
Hoft. Sac. Gird. B. Lt Jami. 

>. C. C. ovaUlblia • p. 881. (lOSi.) 

Hon. Soc. Oud. BLeitMrnt. 

. C. Cprunifolia • p.821. (109.) 

Hort. Sac. aud. a.Ltftm. 

I. C. nigra - p.888. (IIO.) 

Hon. Boc Gud. B. Lt Jimu. 
I, C. purpurea - p.e88. (HI.) 

Hart. Boo. Oud. B. Le Jn<te. 

p. 883. (118.) 

p. 883. (113.) 



Hort Soc. Oud. . 






•.La<lJ{gct. B.LtA 

f. Ccordiia - p. 885. (109a.) 

Han. S«. Giud. B.LeJimat. ' 

i. CspBtbulata - p.885. (I15i.1 

Hort. Sdc. Gird. B.uiewmt. ' 

I. C. Asarotm - p. 886. (1 16.) 

Mcuri. l^oddlgc). B.LeJtmm:. 
). C. muroccana - p. 887. (116a.) 

Hart, £« Cl.rd. a.Lt>tmie. 

1. a Aronia - p. 887. (117.) 

Hon. Jiu^'. Gird. BLtJtmn. 

i, C. orientilia(a^. 1 
DdoratfuiniB) J ' 



(n7«.) 



liin. 



•tir^lia 



p. 828. (im.) 



. BfLtJt 
B.Li 
I. I.addign. a.LtVl 

. a.Li5t 
. a.LtJt 

inlha - 1 
Gird B.LtX 

I. ■<'. O.. fiili-growii tree - (lie.») 

<.C.0.6baaiU - p.830. (117r.) 
Hon. Sac. Gud. B.Lt3imit. 

I. C. O. lacinikta • p.890. (118a.) 

Bort. Sac. Gud. B.LtJt^i. 

. C. O.eriociTpB ■ p.B$l. (I1S>.) 
Hort Soe. OtA B.bJkHM. 



VOBMINO VOLS. V. VI. VII. AND VIII. 



civil 



I5t. r. O. OiiTenthui - p^ 831. (118c. 

Hort. Soc Gvd. H. Le Jewme. 
\SX C. a melanodLrpa p. 831. (llSd. 

Hort. Soc Card. H. Le Jeune. 

151. C. O. atrScta - p. 832. (118^. 

Hort. Soc Card. Miu E. RonaU$. 

155. C. O. reelns - p. 832. (1 18/*. 

Mean. Loddiget. H, Le Jtume. 

156. C. mexicana - p. 843. (119. 

aietn*. LoddlgM. H. Le Jemme. 

157. Photinia semillta - p. 868. (120. 

Sfoo House. H. Le Jeune. 

156. Cotone&ster fHgida p. 871. (122a. 

Hort. Soc G«rd. H. Le Jeune. 

159. C. afflnis - p. 871. (122a. 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

160. C acuminata - p. 872. (122r. 

Fnlluuii Kanery. Miss M. L. 

161. C. nummularia - p. 872. (1226 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

^^ ^*j^^ ^^'} P-874. (121. 
Htnt. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

163. A. Botryap., full-grown tree (121a. 

SjroD H(Nue. G. R. Lewis. 

16i. Jlf^^ilas genn4nica • p. 877. (123. 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

165. M. 8mitW^(.yn. J p 878 ^^^^ 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

166. /^^s commiknis - p. 880. (125. 

Hoft. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

167. P. c, full-grown tree, 4to - (127. 

Hnalej Cottage. Q. R. Lewis. 

168. P. c. yar. glout morceau p.881.(126. 

Bayiwater. H. Le Jeune. 

169. P. sinaica - p. 889. (130. 

Hort Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

170. P. ain^nsis - p. 889. (130. 

Hort Soc Gard. Miss M. L. 

171. P. boUwylleriana - p. 890. (129. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W, Jukes. 

172. P. varioldsa - p. 891. (131. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jukes. 

173. P. Afalus - p. 891. (132. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

174. P. Af., full-grown tree - (133. 

TibbertoD. G. R. Lewis. 

175. P. baccata - p. 892. (134. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

176. P. (3f.) coron^a - p. 908. (137. 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. W. Jukes. 

177. P- {M.) angustifblia p. 909. (138. 

Hort. Soc Card. U. Le Jeune. 

178. P. (Af.) spectdbilis p. 909. (132a. 

Hort. Soc Gard. H. Le Jeune, 

179. P. if ria undulata - p. 910. (139a. 

Hort Soc. Gard. H. W. Jukes. 

laO. P,vc8tita - - p. 912. (139.) 
Hmcti. LoddlfM. MissM.L. 



81. P.tonninklis • p. 913. (139.) 

Hort Soc Gard. H. W. Jukes, 

82. P. pinnatfiida - p. 915. (137^1) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

83. P. aucuparia - p. 916. (143.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

84. P. americ&na - p. 920. (142.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jukes, 

85. P. i^orbus - p. 921. (145.) 

MeMrt. Loddigei. MissM.L. ' 

86. P. S, lanuginosa - p. 924. (146.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jukes. 

87. P. spuria - p. 924. (143.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Jukes. 

88. Cyddnia vulgaris - p. 929. (146.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

89. C. sinensis - p. 931. (948.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune, 

90. Eucalyptus robusta - p. 959. (148.) 

Stamford Hill. L.Martin, 

CORSk\:EM, 

91. Cornus m6s - p. 1014. (149a.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 
CAPRIFOLIA\:EiB. 

92. j^ambucus nigra - p. 1027. (150.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

93. nbumum^runifolium p. 1034.(151.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

EfLlCA^CEM. 

94. .il'rbutus h^brida - p. 1119. (152.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune, 

95. il. ilndrachne - p. 1120. (I52a.) 

Metirt. LoddigM. H. Le Jeune. 

Halesia^cejs, 

96. Halesia tetrdptera - p. 1190. (154.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H, Le Jeune, 

97. H. t., full-grown tree - (153.) 

Syon House. G. R, Lewis, 

98. Diosp^ros ZrOtus - p. 1194. (155a.) 

Bayswater. H. Le Jeune. 

99. D, Jr., full-grown tree - (155.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis, 

200. D. virginiina - p. 1195. (156a.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune, 

201. D, v., full-grown tree - (1556.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewis, 
OLBA^CEiE. 

202. JHxinus excelsior - p. 1214. (157.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

203. F. c., full-grown tree - (1565.) 

Kensington Gardens. J. Martin. 

204. F. e., full-grown winter "I /^Kn^s 

tree,4to - j ^^^^^O 

Studley Park. H. W, Jukes, 

205. F. e. pendula - p. 1214. (158.) 

Hort. Soc Gard. B, Le JemsK* 



dnii 

S0& f. simpliciiolia 



LIIT or FOBTRAITt OF T 



S08. F. ^entiscifolia • p. 1831. <166.) 

Hon.eoc.'Gud. B.LtJtamt. 

we. F. amencuna - p. 11W2. (161.) 

Hdrl.3oc.Gnid. B-Lt J la m , 

AfM villi, Twli&Bbis. f . £( AMt. 



• *■•;£? .'■^}p-™'. CIS!.) 

Hart. Soc Out. a.LtJimu. 

'■''r.ZTJ"""} !■•'«»■ !"«■■) 

> Crnus europKa p. IZil. (167ii.) 
.. O. B, fiill-grown tree - (167.) 



JBlGSONU'C&S. 
115. CalUpa tyrmgiEGiVta p. 1S61. (169.) 

•18. C. 1, full-grown tree - (170.) 

Sjoi Hniua. G.R.Lrwii. 

117. £*6nu n6bilii ■ p. 1S07. (171.) 

Hoit. soe. a«BL ff '- ' 

L. Sim^Toi . 

butngtaB HurHfy. 
>lg. £. £, full<grown tree - (172.) 



«O.SIf«traid«.fi,U-l 3„^( 
grown tree "J 
Thinapiaii'iVlLU.Rlchnoi»t. B.LtJaim: 

8S1. flinlgniu orientUiB p. 1321. (175.) 

sn. iflpp<iph( 

noidenaneiiatUdlia . 
Hmii. iMldlfM. C.Xamdi. 
Uv.rtCk'VKX. 

flgS. JWnu Dlgra - ^ p. 1343. (182.) 



Vol. VII 
838. 



j|p.i325.(174a.) 



MA. M. ilba - p. 1346. (181.) 

Hart. Sac. Owd. B. Lt •Iraw. 
ne. M. a., full-grown tr«,4to (i81«.) 

"• "Z5rfS,}™'3». (.83.) 

Aon. Soe. Gud. ti'u J(. £. 



SS8. BroauoD^ P*V}'- 
rl&rm 

KowBol 



}f 



1301.(180.) 

t.Awr. 

- p. 1365. (178.) 
UO. ITlmuj cunp^strii p. 1374. (IBS.) 

Hart. kc. Owd. J(«> M. L. 

(184.) 



a c. viminUis - p. 1376. (185a.) 
Hon Sac. Card. B.W.Jmia. 

V. planifdlia - p. 1377. (1916.) 

Hon. S«. Cud. B.W.J»ka. 

U. (c. suberosB - p. 1395. (186.) 

Hon. SocOwd. B.W.Jwta. 

V. miior . • p. 1396. (tsa) 

Bart. 8oc. Qui. B. Lt JtmH. 
V. m., full-grown tree - (187.) 

Bludl*7F*rL B.W.Jalm. 
17. efifin - p. 1397. (191.) 

Hon. B«. dud. H. W. J^tta. 
CT. e., winter tree - (191ii.] 

Hon, Sk. Cud. H.W.JlJm. 

U, montana mnior. n. 1398. (166 *,) 

Hon. S«. Gird. H.W.JmlM. 

^ rubral"*"''' ^'^JP- '^- ("*•) 

Borl. .S<«:.Ow4. CimmtlL. 
U. m. fastigiita p. 1399. (187<0 

Hsrt. Soe. Ou*. B. £< Jhh. 

U. americAiM ■ p. 1406. (189.) 

Hort. Sac Gird. B.Le Jtm. 

V. a., inclM • p. 1406 (I89a.] 

Hart. Boc. Oird. B.LiJmK. 

PUnero Rich&rdi p. 1409 \lMai 

Hart. Boc. OKd. B-LtJnme. 
P. R, full-growTi tree - (I84j 

aitu Tourncf6rtii p. 1416. (194.) 

BoR. Sec. Oud. Mb W. h. 

C. ocddeDt^ p. 1417. (193.) 

Hart. Soe. Oud. VImi M. L. 
C. O., fiilUrowD tree • (19Sa.) 
Sron HOOM. a. K. Itwf. . 

./.lelana rkia . p. 1483. (196.) 

iTort. SiicT^rd. MtmK.L. 
J. r., fall-grown tTM ■ (195>.) 

CUolck villi. W. A. M u fcM . 

J. r., full-grown winter tree (Ifite.) 

Stodlej ¥m\. H. W. Jaku. 
J. nigra - - p. 1410. (197,) 

Hnrt.eae.0w4. C.«mh». 



TOBMIVQ VOLS. V. VI. Til. AND Till. 



US. J. OD^KB 

S5S. Ckrj* Ub^ fuB- 

al. Plerocarj-acauedsica p. IWI (19B.) 



•■}p..*< 



. 5. ■!!>• ■ - - p. 1528. {S09.} 

Han. Sac. Gvd. U. U Jamt. 
L S. a., full-grown tree - (309a.) 

Tamhim GiHD. B. If. Ala. 

L S. rLlclIi™ - p. 1588. (SOe.) 
Hon. Sac. (lull, H.W.Juka. 

F. /^pulus ilba - p. 1636. (814.) 

rion. Sac. Cud. UmXt, 
b P. can^scens - p. 1698. (815.) 

Hart- Soc Card, inn J. L. 
:. P. tremula - p. 164A. (217.) 

Hot*. Soc. Cird. titaJ.L. 
. B t. pcndulB - p. ISW. )2I8.) 

XoKt. UOJiipit. B.LeJami. 



Hon. Sac. Gird. H. Li Jrta 



- (2W.) 
;, 4lo. (8820.) 

iKrl, Sot-C«d m-J.L. 
p. aneiilfiu - p. 1670. (224.) 
HunTlioc. r.ard. MluJ.L. 

P. L, full-giowa tree - (234.) 

S}oa HouH. a.K.Ltipit. 

P. balMinifen • p. 1673. (225.) 

l^iftoB Kunciy. B. Lr JtMmt. 

P. b., full-grown tree • (224.) 

Sr« HooH. H. Lt Jtiau. 

P. cindJcaDS - p. 1676. (287.) 

Hort. Soc. G«d. MUt J. L. 



274., P m., full-grown 



AtauM ^otitic 

BoM-ioc. Gh 



p. I68B. (832.) 

Svtuia i\ba pcndiita p. 1691. (233.) 

Hurt. Due. Cud. Miail.L. 
.e./iopulifulia - p. 1707. (837.) 

Mort. Sqc. r.«d. Ulail.L. 



. A. g. 1.. fuU.g. 

S,oa Home, i 

. J tordifiHia 






^^7^(23^) 
(833.) 



HflR. Soc. Gud. Jrto 



I'ulliiQi NiuHtf. £. JTortta. 

I. Qufrcus peduncul&ta p. 1731. (2SS.) 

Hon. Sue, fiui. Mia M. Z,. 
. Q. p., fiill-:rown Ifee - (28U.) 

I. Q. p., winter tree - - (8680.) 

. - -1 

UluM.L. 

: a. sesiililldra - p. 1736. (881.) 
\ Q. 8., ful!.gro»n tree, 4tO (280") 

Wubum AIjU^. tf. 4. Ktt/ltU. 

;. Q. «, winter tree - (281«) 

StodliTPut. S. W.Jiita. 

'. Q.fEculua - p. 1844. (201.) 

Hon.^Soc. Oud. Mia it. L.. 

I. Q. C^rris . p. 1846. (27S.) 

4to - (878.) 

p. 1848. (270.) 
ak.L. 

lion. Sor. Oiud. AIU V. L. 

I. Q. C f., fiill-grown tree • (278a.] 

Fulbam Nnncrj. L. UarHm. 
.. Q. C. t.. winter tree, 4to - (2784.) 
Falhvn Nunn?. H. Lt Jetme. 

■■ Q. C LucombMna p. 1857. (880.) 

Hon. Sjc. (;ud. muv.t. 
I. Q. C. L., winter trwe - (880«.) 

'. Q. ^'gilopa - p. 1861. (866.) 

I. Q. .K.. full-grown tree - (867.) 
SrooHouH. a.K.Lmlt. 

. Q. UbB - p. 1864. (8«9.) 

.._.!___. ^ B.l4Jtm: 



clz 



LIST OF PORTRAITS OF TREES 



310. 
311. 
312. 
313. 
314. 
315. 
316. 
317. 
318. 
319. 
320. 
321. 
322. 
323. 
324. 
325. 
326. 

327. 
328. 

329. 

330. 

331. 
332. 

333. 

335. 
336. 



Vol 
Q. macrodirpa - p. 1869. (254. 

Hackney Arboretum. H. Le Jeune. 
Q. obtusiloba - p. 1870. (253. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miti M. L, 

Q. Prinus palustris p. 1872. (262. 
Leyton Nurtery. Miti it., L. 

Q. P. montfcola - p. 1873. (263. 
Leyton NurBery. Mu$ M. L. 

Q. P, toment6sa - p. 1876. (262. 

LeytOQ Nursery. Mi$t M, L. 

Q. riibra - - p. 1877. (269. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

Q. r., full-grown tree, 4to - (271. 

Syon HouM. G. R, Lewis, , 

Q, v., winter tree - (270. 

Fulham Nursery. L. Martm, 

Q. coccfnea - p. 1879. (273. 
Purser's Cross. Miss M, L. 

Q. c, full-grown tree - (273a. 

MuswelllWl. MissM.L, 

Q. ambfgua - p. 1881. (272. 

Hort. ^. Gard. Miss M. L. 

p. 1884. (268. 
. If. Le Jeune, 

p. 1887. (274. 
H. Le Jeune. 



Q. tinct6ria 

Hackney Arboretum 

Q, palustris 

Leyton Nursery, 

Q, paldstris, full-grown tree (2740. 

Syon House. H. £e Jetme. 

Q. Ph^Uos, 4to - p. 1894 (258. 
Syon House. O. R, Lewis, 

Q. P. latifolius - p. 1895. (249. 
Hackney Arboretum. 27. Martin. 

Syon House. Q. R. Lewis. 
Q. /. latifblia - p. 1899. (255. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 
Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

Q. gmmfintia, fuU-l ^ 

grown tree - J * **'vv. v^^v 

Purser*s Cross. Miss M. L. 

<2-^''*"""f"'"} p. 1911.(257. 

Fulham Nursery. L. Martin. 

Q. 5., full-grown tree p. 191 1. (258. 

MuswellHiU. Il.Le Jeune. 



a, full-l , 

e - JP -^ 

. H.Le Jeune. 



1913. (259. 



Q. S. dentikta, full- 
grown tree 

Huswell Hill 

Q. vJrens - p. 1918. (260. 

Chiswlck Villa. L.Martin. 

Pagus sylv&tica - p. 1950. (283. 
Ifort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeune. 

F. 8. p6ndula - p. 1952. (284. 
KeoalDgUn Nuneiy. Miss M. L, 






vni. 

337. P. 8. p., full-grown tree - (285.) 

Oundle. M.J.B. 

338. Castanea vesca - p. 1983. (286.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mist M. L. 

339. C. v., full-grown tree - (287.) 

MusweUHiU. Miss M. L. 

340. Carpinus J9etulus - p. 2004. (244.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

341. C. P., full-grown tree (243.) 

Chiswlck VUla. L.Martin. 

342. CXstrya vulgaris - p. 2015. (244a.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mits M. L. 

343. O. v., full-grown tree - (245.) 

Bot. Gard. Kew. Mitt M. L. 

344. O. virginica - p. 2015. (246.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. C. Ranch. 

345. C6rylus Col6rna - p. 2029. (247.) 

MUe End Nursery. H. W. Juket. 

346. C. C, full-grown tree - (246a.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewit. 

PlatanaVjeje. 

347. Pl&tanu8 orient^lis p. 2033. (288.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mitt M. L. 

348. P. o., winter tree - - (287.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mitt M. L. 

349. p. o. acerifolia - p. 2034. (289.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Juket. 

350. P. o. a., full-grown tree - (289a.) 

Ehnhurst, Finchley. W. A. Ne^fieU. 

351. P. o. cuneata - p. 2034. (288.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mitt M. L. 

352. p. occident^lis - p. 2043. (289a.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. W. Juket. 
PALSAMA^CEiE. 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mitt M. L. 

354. L. S., full-grown tree - - (290.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewit. 

355. T^xus baccata - p. 2066. (293.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mitt M. L. 

356. T. h,, tree at Harlington - (393a.) 

Harlington. Mitt M.[L. 

357. T. b., tree at Darley - (393*.) 

Darloy. J. E. Bowman. 

358. T. b. fastigi^ta - p. 2066. (294.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

359. Salisbikria adiantifolia. p. 2094. (292a.) 

Messrs. Loddiges. Mitt M. L. 

360. S. a., full-grown tree - (292.) 

Mile End Nursery. //. W. Juket. 

Com'ferje, § Jbi^injb. 

361. Plnus sylvdstris ' - p. 2153. (312a.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jeume. 

362. p. 8., full-grown tree - (312.) 
. Paln*iHUl. H.Le Jeume. 



FORMING VOLS. V. VI. VII. AND VIII. 



cbu 



385. 



367. 



P. 8^ full-crown tree - (313.) 

MnsweO l&I. IT. A, Ne0M, 

P. 8. genev^nsb - p. 2158 (3l3a.) 

Hort. Soc GanL H. Le Jemmt. 

P. Larlcio - p. 2200. (314.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeime. 

P. L^ full-grown tree - (315.) 

Kev. H. Le Jewu. 

PallasMma - p. 2206. (318.) 
Hort. Soc. Card. G. R. Letpii. 

P. Pin48ter - p. 2213. (316.) 

Hort. Soc Oard. H. LeJeume. 

P. P., full<«rown tree - (316a.) 

Hendon. L. Martm. 

P. Pfnea - - p. 2224. (319.) 

Hort. Soc. Card. H. Le Jeume. 

P. halep^nsis - p. 2231. (321.) 

Hort. Soc. Oard. G, R. Levit. 

^'^^ ^■^^,]p. 8237. (325.) 
Sytm Home. G. R. Lewie, 

P. rfgida - p. 2239. (326fl.) 

I>ropmore. H. Le Jettne. 

P. rigida, fiillngrown tree - (226.) 

Pain'lHm. H.LeJeune. 

P. ser6tina - p. 2242. (327.) 
Dropmore. H. Le Jemne. 

P. Chnbra - p. 2274. (331.) 
Kew. L. Martin. 

P. 5trdbu8 - p. 2280. (329.) 
ifort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jetme. 

JH>ies exc^sa - p. 2293. (338.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jetme. 

J. e., full-grown tree - (337.) 

Sjxm Houte. H. Le Jeune. 

A. e., full-grown tree - (336.) 

Stndley Park. H. W. Jnkei. 

A. e. nigra - p. 2294. (338fl.) 
Studley Park. H. W. Juket. 

A. 41ba - - p. 2310. (339.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. R. Le Jetme. 

383. A. Smithiana - p. 2317. (340.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jetme. 

384. A, Doiiglasi - p. 2319. (333.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H* Le Jetme. 

385. A. canadensis - p. 2322. (335.) 

SjoD House. H. Le Jetme. 

386. A. c, full-grown tree - (335a.) 

Whitton Park. H. Le Jetme. 

387. A, c, full-grown tree - (33.56.) 

stndley Park. H. W. Jttket. 

Pfcea pectinlita - p. 2329. (332.) 
LcjtOD Nonery. H. Le Jetme. 



370. 
37L 
372. 

373. 
374. 
375. 
376. 
377. 
378. 
379. 
380. 
381. 



389. P. p., full-grown tree - (332a.) 

Syon House. H. Le Jetme. 

390. P. p., full-grown tree - (3826.) 

Roseneath. Copied from Strutt. 

391. P. balsamea - p. 2339. (334.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jetme. 

392. Llnx europae'a - p. 2350. (344.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jetme. 

393. L. e., large tree - - (344a.) 

Kenwood. G. R. Lewie 

394. L. ^icrocfiipa ame-l 23gg^3^7 J 

ncana " "J 
Hort. Soc. Gard. H.'Xe Jetme. 

395. L. a., full-grown tree - (346.) 

Syon House. H. Le Jetme. 

396. Cedrus Libani - p. 2402. (348.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. H. Le Jetme. 

397. C. L., full-grown tree, 4to - (349.) 

Syon.House. G. R. Lewie, 

398. C. L., full-grown tree - (350. 

Kenwood. G. R. Lewie. 

399. C. L., fiill-ffrown tree - (351.) 

Foxley HaU. G. R. Lewie. 

400. C. L., glaiica, full-crown tree (352.) 

Thompson's Villa. If. Le Jeune. 
C\jPRE^SSINiB. 

401. Thiga occidentalis p. 2454. (302.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mi$e M. L. 

402. T. orientalis strScta p. 2459. (303.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

403. Cuprtssus semper.-l g^g^^gj^, 

virens - J 
Hort. Soc. Gard. Mies M. L. 

404. C. 8. horizontalis - p. 2464. (307.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miu M. L. 

405. C. lusitanica - p. 2477. (308.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mis* M. L. 

406. Tax6dium distichum p.2481. (295a.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miee M. L. 

407. T. d., full-grown tree - (295.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewie. 

408. Juniperus phoenlcea p. 2501. (301.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mise m. L. 

409. J. p., full-grown tree - (300.) 

Syon House. G. R. Lewie. 

410. J. virgini^na - p. 2495. (298.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Miss M. L. 

411. J.y., full-grown tree - (207a.) 

Syon House. G. R. Leuns. 

412. J. chinensis (excflsa) p. 2505. (297.) 

Hort. Soc. Gard. Mies M. L. 



cbui 



LIST or .POBTHAlia OF EMTIBE TRESS AMD SHRUBS 



LIST OF THE PORTRAITS OF ENTIRE TREES AND SHRUBS 
GIVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT IN VOLS. L IL IIL AND IV. 



iUiatii£a ... 
Oijteiniht nglBN 



'Myrtdcea, 



Ericdcea. 
^itiunu ^ndriofaiie 

OUiaa:. 

rH — i-.i — TirgfniM 



O'mnt matifm't 

Solaadeat. 
Bragatatia nuiiidMi* '. 

Ylceagndcece. 

Xirticdcea. 
lArw nigra ... 
■t CuttRhuy 

JJlm&cea. 
CToMu nmptMrii - 1S3B, 
nnodaa ■ 1843, 

niMralUcUnU 

Salicdce^. 
iAUi lMb7l6niGB 



loss iioa 

1090 1S06 

i(M» isae 

1045 1916 

106T 1843 

1190 1875 

1804 1389 






■398 
1894 
140S 
1403 
1350 ~14I8 



ipuhii nWiB 



- 190B 1514 

- I3I6 I59T 

■ 1514 1655 

■ 1519 JMD 



jflrnu ghitindw LaoinUt* 



CoryUceee. 



Qufnut peduncuUu 



fl580 
1581 
1583 
1587 



ta p£ndula 
(esUiflon -1585, IfSGlly^ 

pcduneuUta or wnilifldra 
Oikahattertdbyli^tniiig 1S43 ISIS 
Hene*! Oik • 158B, 1589 1755 

Wootton Oak - . - 1590 1756 



HoTf Oak 




1591 


1757 


FUttonOak 




1591 


1758 


Htfletd Broad Oak 




1593 


1759 


ShonlleyOak 




1594 


1760 


HoocaiFwkOak 




1595 


176* 


Pa>idiang«r Oak 




1596 


1768 


M4<MjOak 




1597 


176S 


SuiclyOak 




1598 


1768 


Sir FbUip Sjrdney-i 


Oak 


1599 


17C3 


Nannu. O^ 




1600 


1765 


dundMO^L 




I60I 


I7«S 


MotooOak 




1608 


1764 


^m&rthing Oi>k 


1603 


•«»3J I?^ 


GogOak - 




1604 


1765 


Mapog 0«t 




I60S 


1765 


Salcty Forest Oak 




1606 


1766 


The Dukc'i WaUdngstick 


1S07 


17W 


Grcciid^e Onk 


IGOS, 1609 


17fiT 


I'arliamem Oak 




1610 


1767 


SbaltoaOak - 






1768 


Svilcai Lawn Oak 




1618 


1769 


Squileb Oak 






1769 


Banar-iOak 




1614 


17W 


Quccg Eliiabath'i Oak 


1615 


1770 


BuUOak . - 


1616. 1685 


1770 
1780 


OopdOa 


1617 


■» 


1771 
1781 


Cr.q«ng0.k 


161&1S9S 


1771 
1792 


KiDsOak 


1619.1693 


177! 
179S 




1680 


16S4 


1771 
1776 


Wallace 0»k 




1631 


1778 


(;i»|]<^l Ouk of Alloatnia 


1689 


1773 


Sp«i,H,.n of (in old OJi - 


1635 


1794 


CoLliam Oak 




1636 


1794 


AahbnOak 




1693 


1898 


WcnbadanOak 




1695 


IB4> 



aiVEN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxiii 



Q. Ckris Loeombc^aa 

erUpa, - 
ilba . - 
paliastris 
^uber 

Inosculated Beech 



Great Beeefa at WincUor 



new* 

{1712 
171S 



712 

S 

1718 

- 1727 

- 1761 
. 1080 

- 1878 
1881. 1884 

{1907 
1908 
Beech - - 1909 

Aifaridge Beeehet 1910, 1911 



Eccles Beech 
Eari's MiU Beech 
Grange Hall Beech 
Marriage Beech 



Tortworth Chestnut 
Ccrfibam Chestnut 
Waldershaw Chestnut 



1912 
1913 
1914 
2536 
1923 
1924 
1985 
1926 



GkptDns JB^tulus - 1933. 1935 1 

Vlatanacea* 



1852 

1853 

1858 

1866 

1888 

1916 

1955 

1971 

1976 

1977 

1977 

1978 

1978 

1979 

1979 

2594 

1986 

1988 

1989 

2001 

2005 

2007 



P'inus resindsa 
Pinea 
7^'da 
ponderdsa 
Sabini^na 
Co61teri . 
longifolia 
austrilis 
canariensis 
leiophylla 
Chnbra 
5tr6bu8 

exc^lsa 

LambertidiMi 

JthioA exc^lsa 



a altemifolia 
orientilis 



1956 
1957 
1960 



2036 
2037 
2044 



nios b acea t a 



r. 



Casuardcae. 

aquuetifolia - 

Taxdcea. 

at Fountains Abbey •! . 



1972 2061 



1982 2067 



Buckland 
Harlington 
Mamhilad 
Gresford - 
Fortingal 
Westfelton 
Studley - 
fldliibikrta odiantifolia in 



983 
984 
1985 
1986 
1987 
1988 
1989 
1990 
1991 



the 



htjdmn Botanic Garden J ^^^ 

Conifenej § Abiitina. 

wjUkatTiM at Studley - 2050 

at Dunmore |^^ 

Group o^ in J 2052 
Strathspey \2055 
(n) pumllio MHphut - 2061 
pmnilio ... 2063 
BnAatdaa - . 2067 

biopa - - 2071 

p^ngeoa - - - 2080 



- 2097 

- 2108 

- 2122 
. 2136 
. 2141 
. 2147 
. 2152 

- 2160 
. 2166 

- 2187 
• 2192 

- 2196 



{ 



2201,2202 
- 2207 
2214. 2218 1 

2226, 2227 1 



. 2542 

- 2253 

- 2259 
. 2260 



2212 

2827 

2239 

2245 

2249 

2258 

8853 

8858 

8863 

8874 

2277 

2282 

2287 

2288 

8390 

2926 

8390 

8313 

8314 

2333 

2602 

2345 

2355 

2355 



Dalwick . 



2356 



Cddrus Libini at Syon 

Enfield 
Chelsea 
Croome 



2069 
2074 
2075 
2077 
2077 
2078 
2079 
2083 
2093 

2099 



2163 

2163 

2185 

2164 

2185 

2188 

2190 

2191 

2194 

2199 



nigra 

Picea peetinAte at Roseneath - 2239 
at Studley 
Webbidna 
X.4riz europae^a at Syon 

Dunkeld 

f 2261 -I, 

\2268J 

. 2268 2404 

- 2269 2404 

- 2270 2405 

- 8871 8405 
Hammersmith 2272 8406 
Gray - 8373 8406 
Quenby Hall 2544 8603 

Deoddra ... 2285 2429 

Araucirla imbric4ta • - 2293 2435 

exc^lsa - - . 2302 2443 

Cunninghimtt - - 2305 2445 

$ Cuprissina. 

Tliiya occidentilis - 2313 2814f|^^ 

Cupr^sKUs sempervirens at Soma 2325 8470 

at Croome 2328 2466 

s. horizontiklis at Croome - 2321 2466 

Tazodium distichum at Studley 2339 2486 

»«»««" {»!?}**"' 

/unSperus oonmii^nis - - 2350 3499 

\jilidcea. 

- 2391 8583 

. 3394 3584 



Yucca glori 
alo'ifolia 



AmaryUidi^st. 

Fouier6ya longasVa - - 2403 3538 

LittB'a gemmiflora - - 8403 3539 

Agave amerieina - - 8546 3606 



t t 



Chdv LIST OF XAKDSCAPES INTRODUCED IN THE TEXT. 

LIST OF LANDSCAPES 

INTRODUCED IN THE TEXT IN ORDER TO SHOW THE EFFECT 
OF PARTICULAR SPECIES OF TREES IN SCENERY. 



Fricdcea. 



Figure Pase 

1006 1185 



1217 1S38 

1218 1338 



1522 1664 



AnEridcetum toahow the effect of m Garden of Amerieanfri- ' 
eieeae in m bottom, suzrounded by hilly and woody Scenery 
l&t^pkoHnAeoB, Biunu aai^itervlreiu. Part of a Parterre of em^' 
lyroidery in Dwarf Box • - 

Ghiteau de Richelieu, to show the eff*eet of embroidered \ 
Parterres in Box - - . . j 

Salicdcea. 

SiHx babyl6mca. Villa of Consequa at Canton - 1302 1508 

Churchyard in Baden - . . - 1303 1509 

Vale of Tombs in China . - - 1304 1510 

'^^ews in the Park at Monza, in Lombardy - - 1305. to 1307 1512, 1513 

l^ipmhu faatiffidta. Bridge to show the contrast between itsl 

horisontal lines and the perpendicular lines of the - 1521 1663 

Lombardy Poplars ... 

Stable Offices, &c., with Poplars, to show the contrast* 

between the horisontal lines of the Buildings and the > 

vertical ones of the Trees - - - -J 

Groups of round-headed Trees broken by Poplars - 1523, 1524, 1524a 1664, 1665 

Wat^fkll in the Gardens of Schwesingen, in Baden, with 1 . ^ae i gg < 

Lombardy Poplars - - - -J 

EtUiger Thor Carlsruhe . . - 1526 1666 

Hvoli Gardens, Vienna . - - - 1527 1666 

Chiteau de Neiiiriller, near Nancy - - 1528 1667 

Landsci^ by Domenichino, showing Lombardy Poplars 1 . -oq i f:g:T 

supporting the eflfect of a Tower - - -J ^^^^ ^^^^ 
Poplars in the Cemetery at Pdre la Chaise - , - 1530, 1531 1668, 1669 

Entrance to the Botanic Garden at Munich - - 1532 1670 

Poplars with a modem Villa - - . 2277 2421 

Bettddceip. 

Bihthu. Landscape near the Lake Petrovskoyi, near Mos-I .... __ 

oow, composed principally of Birch Woods - - J 

Coryldceie, 

42)ii^ivt» fMiflOMMlSto and settil{^Idra. Gr«^^ ^^g^ 

Strutt - - - - - -J * 

Scenes in Sayemake Forest, by Strutt - - • 1632, 1633 1799 

Old Oak and Rock, by Strutt - - - 1634 1793 

Oaks torn up by a Whirlwind .... 1644 1814 

Wistman*s Wood .... 1694 1839 

<t rinr. St. Michael's Mount, ComwaU . - - 1782 1903 

Canifera. 

AJbUtinm. Views in Pine ForesU in America - - 9004, 2005 2117, 9118 

Pine Forest on fire ... . . 2011 9138 

Alftiet «r<^2fa on the Pass of Kroglerin, in Norway - 2919 9301 

OAer Views in Norw.J^Ao1HlJgJ^e eflfertof the Spruce 1 2230^^2239 9309,9303 
JTir alone, ana comoined witn otner irees - ' ' J 

JJrix ^m>pfa. Views in the Tyrol, showing the effect of 1 ^^ 2358 

Larches m Mountam Scenery - . . j ^ ' 

Cidrma Libdini, Cedars on Mount Lebanon ... 9974 9411 

Landscapes showing the effect of Cedars in composition 1 2275 2976 9490. 9491 

with Architectural Scenery - . - J ' ^ 

Grvyve of Cedars ..... S978 9492 

Cedan in Landscapes, contrasted with other Trees - 9979. to 9989 9499.to9495 



uar or KirGBAViMQS op botanical spEaiuuiB. 

LIST OP ENGRAVINGS 

OF BOTANICAL SPECIMENS OF TREES AND SHRUBS G 
ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



arieiit>lim 

Vm£I1m 
TiiainiiiiB ' 
ViSrna 
ejliodriM 



Binbn 

opiifdlia 

JVinierAcetB. 



abUobk 

rgoHE'a ... 

Sckizandricea, 
Menisptrmdcea. 



■ *3 897 

- M S97 

C£acah)i enollnui . - 45 

Berber&ce«. 

JMbi* Tulgirii - SuppL 8409 S53« 

■Uiiw - . . 46 801 

iUAa . . 50 304 



hcteroph^lla 
•liKiU 

^quifulium 

JWbi^im d(im£«ica Suppl 

Crucidcea. 

•4lvMuiD uiilUe 
IbirlM Kinpervireni 

Capparid^ete. 
CkpftnM ipinSca 

Cistdcea. 
CImiu purpitreui 
faeteroph^Uua - 
cr^ticiu - ■• 



- 53 SOS 

- 53 90T 

- 54 SOT 

- 55 908 

• S6 309 

- 57 310 
. 58 310 

- 59 311 
S4I0 9537 

- 60 dIS 

• SI 313 
■ 69 31S 



glonKritum 
branll&ua - 
lundnim 

gnmdtfldrum 
macrinlbiim mUtipln 
AjwopifiUiuin mlUtipleK 



Voli/galdcea. 



Pittospordcea. 

Billardiira loogiflanl 

SdUya heli^raphjlla . 
Rll^Eiporuni TMra 

undulilum ... 

Caryopf^Udcea. 

"DUrahut arlHboula 

DrfyJA ipindo ... 

Undcea. 
limxia arbdrcum 

'i&alv&ceee. 






79 337 

80 357 

81 357 



d»i 



UST or XHOBATlKOS OF BOTAKIC4L SPECIHENS 



Sterculidcea. 

TiliAceiE. 
Qitnia OBodentilii SuppL 1 

Termtromacea. 

StuirtioiiirKinica 
Gorddain Insi^nlhos 



n - 91 37: 

- »a 371 

- 93 379 

- 94 380 
. 95 SB9 

- 96 38- 
SuppL S41S 854: 

- 97 390 

- 98 390 



wslifldn 
Sa»&mqiia 
Xttn 

lUTjoldei - - 
nAiTindu . . - 

Bakia 

Awantidcete. 
SniUeOnuig« . - - 

Htfpericdcea. 

BjptriearB hirelaum 

ol^pieuiD . ■ - 

i9Uwri£nK • Suppl. 9 

Urihim - 

prolifleum . Suppl 9 

■gTptiaeum - SuppL 9 

anpetriloliuin 

Acerdcea, 
A'aa ob16nguin > • . • 



« 9j41 
7 400 
5 9541 



•"*•*"»"«' {8uppLS417.fi 



^MMtoldn iMinUtnm 




n^i 



after cimnitum 
palmltuiD 



- 133 467 

- 134 468 
• 135 470 

- 136 473 



Melidcea. 






Mm».b»brich . . 


■ 138 


476 


Vitdcea. 






Pitii fiolftn . 


- 139 


478 


.piifSli. . 


- 140 


478 


Lahrfuet 


- 141 


4T9 


MBrilis . 


- 149 


479 


Rodil^k ■ 


- 143 


490 


ripM. . 


- 144 


480 


fDdic 


- 145 


481 


Ampe16pai iederilca - 








- 147 


483 


ritigina . 


- 148 


483 


quinq»d&Ik . . 


- 149 


483 


Geranidcea. 








- 150 


483 


lonile 


- 151 





\ceie. 

Meliinthui m^or - . . 15s 4 

Zjgopfajlluni iMailifiUiun > ■ 154 1 

^lUdceee. 

fiAto gniTiolBni - . 155 i 

anguitlfSlut ... 156 h 

Aplophjllum finilotiuiD - - 157 1 

Corrv'ailba - SuppL 9419 Si 

CfuiFea .aligna . SuppL 9490 9j 
Bordnin KmiUta SuppL fjifij* 

XatUhom/ldcea. 

Xnnthdiylon/nilnmim . - 158 4 

AHaiUm gluidulDBs . . 159 4 

Coi-icicceF, 

Oirilfla HTitifilu . . . 160 1 

^i^hfledcea. 

St^ihjlJB uiSUa . . 161, 163 1 

pinnlu . . . 163 1 

Celastrdcete. 

Suinfmui europa'ui . - 1S4 i 



GIVEN ALONG WITH THS TEXT* 



clxTii 







FlRW* 


Ftm 


r%«M f^m 


^■.ktifiBoi 


m a 


. 166 


498 


Condillia mSfiropb^Ila - - 216 541 




m 


. 167 


499 


ColldtM ipuite - - . 917 541 


*« ^ 


- 168 


, 169 


500 


h6mda - SuppL 9439e 9548 


^* 


SuppL 


2423 2545 


ulieina - SuppL 9439ii 9548 


Jip^nieos 


Si^tpL 


2425 2545 


Pomad^is elliptica - - 918 549 


cdun^tos 


. 


. 170 


501 


Pb^lica tfricoides - - - 919 549 


ftKunii «etndcn8 


- 


. 171 


502 


RdrndOa obcordita SuppL 94396 9548 


1 172 
KmoatimOim e««Ui>iU| g^^j^g^ . 


503 
2545 


Homalinacea. 


Nifftwm cfail^osi 


. 


. 173 


503 


Awkra danata - - - 990 544 




• \ ^ 


- 174 


504 


Anacardidcetg. 


xacete. 






PSaUUaa v^ - . - 991 546 


Mygfnd* mtifiilia 
ffex w^qui&lium margi 


mm 


. 175 


505 


LcntiKUS . - - 999 548 




- 176 


507 


Ah^s Cotiaus - - - 993 549 


laurifoHum 


m 


- 177 


507 


typhioa - - - 994 550 


crMBifiolium 


. 


- 178 


507 


gl^ra . - -995 551 


eiliitum 


. 


- 179 


507 


veoenita ... 996 553 


firoz 


. 


- lao 


507 


Cbriiria - - 227, 998 554 


ree^rrum • 


. 


- 181 


507 


oopillina - - - 999 554 


semUifolium 


- 


. 182 


507 


radkians - - - 930 SSS 


baMrica 


{suppL 


183 


516 


Toxicodendron • - 931 M6 


9496 


2546 


Duvaiia dep^dens - - 939 559 


Obm^m 


. 


- 184 


517 


oviu - SuppL 9433 9549 




- 


- 185 


518 


ladiolia - - - 933 559 


^nomitQiia 


. 


- 186 


518 


5diinu8 MiJU - - - 934 560 


mader^Dsis 
diiii^Mts 


- 


. 187 
- 188 


590 
590 


BursericQBd. 


paraguari^ncis 


- 


- 189 


590 


Balnmod^ndron gilead^ma 9S5» 936 561 


Mnoa ambiguus 
vcrtieillatus 


" 


. 190 
. 191 


521 
521 


Leguminbsce. 


Unrigatus 


• 


• 192 


522 


Piptinthus nepal^nos - 987, 288 566 


glaber 


Suppl. 


2428 


2546 


£dwM»a chU^nsis . - 939 567 


eoru^eeus 


SuppL 


2427 


2546 


graDdiflora - . - 940 567 


Rhamndcea, 






microph^Ua ... 241 567 
Podalyria aedcea - - 949 567 


BgyjhuM fuigknM 


•• 


- 193 


525 


Chor6seiiia Henchmlniut - 943 568 


LotuM 


- 


- 194 


526 


Podolobium triloUtum - 944, 945 568 


J^fmba 


SuppL 


2429 


2546 


Oxjlobium arbor^aceiiB - 946 568 


AUikrua aeuldltus 


- 


. 195 


527 


Brachyidma latifolium ^ - 947 568 


▼iigiktiu 


SuppL 


2430 2547 


Callistachys ovite . - 948 568 


Bcrch^mta Tolikbilit 


- 


- 196 


528 


Vuninibia denudite - - 949, 950 568 




. 


- 197 


530 


Spluerolobium yimineum - 251, 252 569 


eatUrticus 


• 


. 198 


532 


Adtus «rico)defl ... 953 569 


tinctorius 


. 


- 199 


532 


EutdxU myrtU^lia - - 954, 955 569 


ipfectorim 


. 


- 200 


533 


DUlwfnia glab^rrima . - 956 569 


mUiWin - 


. 


. 901 


533 


Euchilus obcorditus - 957, 958 U^ 


olcoHft 


• 


- 902 


534 


Pultena'a stricU - . -959 570 


6iiiif5Hus 


* 
• 


- 203 


534 


Mirb^ reticuUu . - - 960 570 


£r7tbr6x]rloB - 


- 


- 204 


534 


DaTidna latifl^lla - - 961 570 


anguadssimum 


- 905 


535 


^nag^ fte'tida - SuppL 9435 9549 


olsifolius ' - 


- 


. 906 


536 


Baptliia tiQctdria - SuppL 9434 9549 


firanguloidet 


- 


- 207 


536 


max auropc'a - - 969, 968 571 




- 


- 206 


536 


nana - . - 264, 965 575 


Fxiogula 


- 


- 209 


537 


5^iArtium ^'(inceum - - 966 576 


latifi>1iiii 


- 


- 210 


538 


odoratlaiimum SuppL 9436 51550 


TunAkiinui 


. 


- 211 


538 


Gtolita cindicans - - 967 578 


earpiiufolius 


- 


- 912 


538 


tdquetra - - - 968 578 
ratUita - - - 969 579 


OifDothtia asureui - 


m 


- 213 


539 




- 


- 214 


539 


4nglica . - - 970 581 


ivludntu 


• 


. 915 


540 


gmainica - - - 971 581 


eoUlnai 


SuppL 


. 9431 


2548 


nKaMMp^rma ... 979 58t 



139t OF EHSEATINGS OF BOTANICAL 8PECIHENS 




- 979 SM 
- 874, S75 fi83 

- ne 583 

- 877 585 

- 878 585 

- Srg 586 

- 280 568 
Suppl. S437 85S1 

- SSI 588 

- S8S 589 

- 383 594 
- S84, 985 594 



Adcnodrput inlermidiiu 



AottiflSt Biibs JuTU 



PwriiJea glandutou - - 340, 341 648 

Indigufcrs denudsla - • 343 643 

Biulnilis - - 343 643 

Swaimonia gslegifulia - • 344 643 

LcH^ rtiQ fhilicuu - - 345 643 

SutherlfndiVi frutesceus - 346 643 

Corouills E'merui - - 347 «44 

/Anecs • ■ - 348 644 

■tipiilirii - - - 349 645 

glalka - ' - 350 645 

Hippocripii baleiriu - 351, 352 645 

Ad£siiu microph^llB - 353, 354 645 

LoodaDia - - 355, 356 64S 



- 360 648 





S96 


eoa 


Lupinus arborcui 


- 361 


649 




S9T 


604 


Manhall.ri»«. 


. 368 


649 


ODOQil frutiedM - - 


S9B 


605 


Kennedfd ov^ta Suppl. 9444 


S554 


rotunaifaila 


999 


605 




-'363 


649 


WlKra . - - 


300 


605 




- 364 


658 






606 


t^ralonU ^iliqua 


365, 368 


660 


Anuirpl"- &ut]<>6.> 


308 


607 


CiUiia Biiro1ajdn« 


- 367 


660 


frignn. - . - 


- 303 


608 






661 




- 304 


608 


Scholia luifoiiA 


- 369 


661 


BoUmo Fiti^-AeiaM - 


- 305 






. 370 


661 


Timedm. 


306 


697 


^eicUalita 




668 


biq>id> . . - 


307 


698 


■rmita 


- 379 


668 




308 




junfpiri™ 


- 373 


668 


■raniri. - - - 


309 


631 


difiW 


374, 375 






310 


631 


Mrieta 


376, 377 


663 


pjrgniKa 


311 


633 


«>d>ii6irloa ■ 


378, 379 


663 


aplnd- - - - SIS 








- 380 


663 


OumOm 


314 
315 


633 
634 




- 381 
382, 383 


663 
664 




316 


635 


lerticilliu 


- 384 


664 


a.i«-«bo,^ (suppi. 


317 
9440 


636 
9559 


SS. - - 


385, 386 
- 337 


664 

664 


cnieott - - - 


318 


636 


hmcdio. 


- 388 


665 


Depdinai. - - - 


319 


637 


nlgriciu - 


339, 390 


665 


AtriMlu* IWMintlui - 


390 


637 


Jt^brtttU 


- 391 


665 


ecMott 


3S1 


638 


nuIliHinw 


399, 393 


666 


■riaUtiH 
bmiAUiu 


3SS 
393 


638 
638 


Rosacea 






H3wi Cila 


384 


639 




394, 395 


674 


UtiKlU 


395 


639 


PfariMTulgim 


- 396 


679 




386 


639 


- 397 


680 


Bo««-o r«6 - Suppl. 


9441 


8555 




688 


GoMia UtifaiU 


39T 


639 


cordifSli. - 399 


688 






639 


durelrp. - 


40^ 401 


683 




S40 




-409 


688 


lUAiu Irifl^n - 3tl 


338 


640 


briguitbc. . - 


- 408 


684 


Vawrpoobcofdiia 


333 


641 


iVilmu eindiana - 


404, 405 


690 


Loddig^ Dialidiidlia . 


3S4 


641 




- 406 


701 




335 
336 


641 
641 


FwAdo-OenfUi 


- 407 

- 408 


TOl 
70S 



CHTXH ALONG WITH TH£ TEXT. 



dzix 



Oir. fnKrita 



miiltiplez 
irii|;ini4]ia 



Sijn - 



flvolini&ia 
tridentito 



ttrMJap6iiica 



opulHdlia. 
cfaanMedrifolim 



pfaylUnthft 



feCnhelSlui 
trilobate 
alplna 
Ajperieiiolui 
aeate 



wamixdem. 

dMlietroides 
eamoChiloliA • 
dvymbon 
— ceiniifolia 
b£lU 
jalieifolU 
alp^stris 
Utifolia 
grmndifldra 



iKTigita 
anmtolui 
Kwbil&Iui 

mieWLnthus 
oeddentkUa 

idsNit 

laeiiuitiu 



pArriiolius 
eorylif&liiu gUndulocus 
corylHdliiu 
ipcetibUit 
frotiedsus 



U^Mdiii 
odoritus - 
initkAnus 
nMrop^telus 



iUt 



409 709 

- 410 703 

- 411, 419 704 
. 413, 414 706 

- 415, 416 706 

417 706 

-418 711 

- 419 712 

- 490 713 

- 491 715 
- Supp]. 9455 9555 

- 499 716 

- 493 790 

- 494, 495 791 

{496 799 
SuppL 9446 9556 

- 497, 498 793 

. 429 794 
SuppL 9449 9556 

. 430 795 

Suppl. 9448 9556 

Suppl. 9450 2556 

- Suppl. 9447 9556 

- 431 796 

- 439 796 

- 433 796 

- 434 797 

- 435 797 

- 436 797 
SuppL 9451 9556 

- 437 798 
SuppL 2452 2556 

- 438 728 

- 439 728 

- 440 729 

- 443 780 
- SuppL 9453 9556 

- 441 730 
. 449 730 

- 444 730 

- 445 731 

- 446, 447 731 

. 448 739 
. 449, 450, 450a 736 

- 451 736 

{452 737a 
SuppL 9554 9557 

- 453 739 

- 454 739 

- 455 739 

- 456 740 

- 457 741 

- 458 741 

- 459 749 

- 460 742 

- 461 743 

- 469 745 

- 463 745 
. 464 746 
. 465 746 

- 466 746 

- 467 747 



Potendlla frutieota 


• 


• 468 


747 


frut tenufloba 


• 


- 469 


748 


gUbn 


■- 


- 470 


748 


Cowanta plioite 


Suppl 


. 9455 9558 


Bomfkrax 


. 


- 471 


750 


kamtiehitica 


s 


- 479 


750 


bracte^ta 


. 


- 473 


751 


micropbylla 
inyoluonta 


. 


- 474 


751 


• 


- 475 


751 


liicida 


• 


- 476 


758 


Ditida 


. 


- 477 


758 


Aipa 


. 


- 478 


759 


panrifldra fldre pldno 


- 479 


753 


/raiintfc^Ua 


- 


- 480 


754 


cinnamdmea 


. 


- 481 


754 


alploa 


. 


. 489 


755 


Wv'a 


. 


- 483 


755 


suiris 


■ 


- 484 


756 


lut^flcens 


» 


- 485 


756 


•ulphikrea 


m 


- 486 


756 


spinosSasima 


. 


- 487 


757 


grandiflora 


- 


- 488 


758 


myriacdntha 


- 


- 489 


758 




\ Suppl. 


490 759 
9456 9559 


centif5lia 


. 


- 491 


760 


muscosa 


. 


- 499 


760 


g&llica 


\ SuppL 


493 
9457 


761 
8559 


parvifolia 


• 


- 494 


768 


turbuiAta 


. 


- 495 


768 


ilba 


\ Suppl 


496 764 
. 9458 9559 


liktea 


. 


- 497 


765 


pnnicea 


- 


- 498 


765 


rubieinosa 
cauttsea 


- 


- 499 


765 


. 


- 500 


767 


canlna 


Suppl 


. 9459 9560 


aciphylla 


501, 509 


767 


nibrifolia 


. 


- 503 


769 


Indica 


. 


. 504 


770 


NoisettuiiMi 


• 


- 505 


770 


odoratlsnma 


. 


- 506 


770 


longifolia - 
sempeHlorens 


. 


- 507 


771 


- 


- 508 


771 


Lawrenceiiiia 


m m 


- 509 


778 


arr^Mis 


« 


- 510 


778 


sempenrlrens 


«» 


- 511 


773 


multiflora 


- 


- 519 


774 


Grevillet 


. 


- 513 


774 


motehata 


. 


. 514 


775 


nHea 


. 


- 515 


775 


rubifolia 


• 


- 516 


776 


sinica 


1 Suppl 


517 776 
. 9460 9560 


B£nkst« 


• 


. 518 


777 


l^tea 


. 


- 519 


777 




. 


- 520 


777 


macrophylla 


- 


- 521 


778 


teiicea 


. 


- 599 


779 


moaehiu nepal^nais 


- 593 


779 


hfitrix 


- 


- 594 


779 


u 









LIffI OF EtrSBATIMOa OT BOTAHICAL BPECIHENB 



grotsulariiBfolia 
glafioa (StraovKVa) 



569, 563 845 



Lcavet of Crnte^iw. 



■ubriUdtt 
puMtiu rilbra 

ChbgiUU 

■plfaideDi - 
pmnifolia - 

MlIcifuliB 

ovalifolU 

P7ncBiithifalu 
Dlgn 
puipilrea 



trildUu 
opiilSlia mloor 
npiifilU 

■patliuliU 



Suppl. S461 9563 



(IDguina 

tanacetifilU 
gUbra 



- G09 B61 



fiwTcifolia 
ta<iltiplex 









ew 


'^ 


fl6rid. 






619 


B67 


groMulariaBlk ■ 




615 


867 


rirglnic.;:- 






616 


867 










867 


PhottniaorbjtifSIU 






619 


869 


CotoneiMer Tulgiru 






620 


870 


laiifldn 




6S1 


C9S 


871 






623 




8T8 


micropliylta 






6S5 


873 


AmMiuAitr Tulgiru 






696 


874 




- 627 


628 


«»is; 


l^^--: 




630k 631 


875 
878 


fldridi 




633 


634 


876 


P^nucrtmita . 




638, 639 


890 






640 


919 


riiuliru . 








915 


^f>ri. 






643 


995 


orbutiKUa 






646 


986 


pimiU 








926 








649 


9*7 




.{ Suppl. 


650 
3465 


928 
9566 








6S1 


99B 


(TfdanUjnpfinicfl 






659 


991 








653 


tP3S 


sallcEr;)lia 








933 


ErlobdlrjajapAnica 




655 


656 


933 



^.S-—'--"^giilJ'^4 Suppl. 9466 2566 
AMirium Gaudalum • . 658 934 

Calycanthacea;. 



Cal^nlbus fl^ridut 


- 6S9 


936 


Blaflcu, 


- 660 


937 




- 661 


937 


Chimondnthui MRnns . 


- 669 






- 863 


938 


GranatacetE. 








- 664 


940 


nAua 


■665 


9i9 


Oiiagtdcea:. 






Fliehaia nucropbflU 


- 666 


944 


cocclnqa . 




944 


eicorticBla 


- 668 


945 


'Lythrdcea. 






HdmiaalieirSlia 


- 669 


945 




-670 


945 


TamartcAcea. 







ii gUlic 



947 



Mfriciriaggrmintca . . 679 949 

PAiladelphdcea, 

nnacUlpbiM earooitim - . 679 951 

uioddmi . . . (74 952 




onrsH ALONo witb ths text. 



S^tM alp. pilinilun 
petTB*un] 

proctinibens 



. 6TB, 6T8a 954 



^yrl&ceee. 




r^kia syrtifolia 



B^ckM nrgita - - 


704 961 




705 Ml 




706 96S 


^^rr-^-^^^'ims 


cajthrii giibi. - - 


T08 964 


Pamjior&cea. 




fMfliracarble. - - 


709 965 


incdniiK 


710 965 




711 965 


CrassuUcea:. 




adorn ,»pulifSUum SuppL 


2471 2568 




712 965 


A^iVj-ariflrciP. 




NitrirU Schobcr." siblria 


713 966 


Sch5b. ci^ira 


711 967 


Caclacea. 




Opi^da Tulgira - Suppl. 


!474 8569 


lieaumnixceai. 






[:s}-» 



- 736 


'^9 


7ST 


979 


788 


960 


789 


980 


730 


981 


7S1 


981 


- T3S 


Ml 


733 


981 


S4T5 3569 


7S4 


983 


735 


MS 


- 7SB 


9W 


-737 


9M 


- 798 


987 



flavum - SuppL a 

Escalloniacese. 

f 'tea Tirglniet ... 

EMalliJDia rilbra 

UUnlt* - Suppl. a 

Saxi/rdgea. 
Hvdrfngeft arixir^sceiu 

curdiU - 

juereiiolia 
MorteDiw 

VmbellhceiE. 

ifupleilnim fruticomm J Oy__i 

Aralihcea. 
ArilU ipinoo - . - 

MtAen Hi\ix Tulgiris > • 

Hamiiriieldccte. 

Jfamainelis Tirginica 
Fotbergilla nlnifolU m^or 
olnif. obtilM 

Comdcea. 

C6m\u ■Itemilolia 
sanguinca 
UlM - - . 



748 995 

749 995 

750 99S 



75« 1007 

758 1009 

759 1009 



. 718 970 

- 719 970 

- 7S0 971 

- 781 971 

- 7Sa 97J 

- 733 976 

- 734 976 

- 7«a 979 



'VI cir^nAta . - * 

mil - - 

BenthtmiB &agi&ii 

Loranthdeea. 
Fbcum ilbum 
AreeutholHURi Oi^cedri 
Aieitin inptadok - Sup^ 



760 1010 

761 1 01 1 

768 1011 

764 lOlS 

765 lOIS 

766 1019 

767 1014 
766 1015 

769 lOlT 

770 1090 



. 771 1091 
8137 MW 
3479 3571 



Un or BNOBATIirOB OT BOTANICAL SPECIMENS 



CavriJUidcea. 

nig. UdiiUta . 774 
laiiii iw^t^ • - 775 


1088 


^M. arKiEiitn - 


.8'^ 


1dI9 
1070 




1088 


congtetum 


. 841 


1070 




CiuerkU cnientB 


- 849 


1071 


1030 


luiiu 




1071 


neemSa - - 777 


1031 


^^.. 


- 844 


1071 


fibOmum nmu - • 778 


1033 


oitieUoidci ■ ■ 84 


,846 


1071 


ngdnim - 779 


1033 


Oth6ntiB virgiooi 


. 847 


1079 


tSaOgo ■ - ■ 780 
jfjrimuta • • 781,788 


1034 
1034 


Calendula chry»nlheiiiif51i> 


loBSO 
- 851 


107g 
1078 


nMum - - -783 




MullBu UtilSlia 


■ 853 


107S 


■quamitum . - 784 


1035 




- 853 


107S 


LuiOna • • 785 


1036 


^'sl« argopL^llu. 


- 854 


107S 








' 855 


107S 




1037 






107S 


deaUlum - - 789, 790 


ices 


Pw^nthus Miliq-i 


- 857 


107* 




1039 


Culdtium «licmum 


- 858 


1074 


O-pului - - - T9S 
aonifolium - - 793 


1039 
1040 


PWth™™/».iou.*ce™{,„ 


859 
.3485 


1074 
2573 




1043 




3487 


8574 


>-»^„^*"»7-^}797 


1044 
1046 


A'nthtmiM pfnngena - SuppL 
Epacriddcece. 


S486 


8573 


■tribcm - - -799 


1046 




3458 


8574 


ImplJu . . 800 


1046 




. 860 


1075 


Ura ■ - -801 


1047 




- 861 


1075 




1047 




863 


1075 


pits - - . 805 


1048 




- 863 


1075 


8578 
1048 


Ya-icuceie, 








1049 


£ilca TitcaUi 


- 864 


1079 


m^Jor . . -807 


1049 


aninm 


■ 865 


lOSO 


oodfite . . .808 


1050 




- 866 


loei 


louiHdn ■ Suppl. 3489 
]>p&uca - - 809. 810 


8J73 
1051 


■lutiilu 
nrtcta 


- 867 
■ 868 


1081 

loei 


t>nlrie> - - 811,818 


10S3 


cilUrii 


- 869 


1088 




1093 


Ojp«c*llL.»ig«» - 




1083 




1054 




- 871 


1083 


XfUrteum - ■ - 816 


1055 


eiTOM 


- 878 


1083 


iOTOlucriu - 817. to 819 


1056 




- 873 


1069 


■IpfgeiiR - . 880, 821 


10S6 


Cerimiii Krpyllif5lia 


- 874 


1090 




1057 


urcvolnrii 


■ 881 


1098 


cwiUca • 8S3, 884 


1057 


D««nia conl^rta 


- 875 


1090 


faitpfduU ■ BDppl. 3483 


8573 




- 876 


1090 




1059 


GypiucillU inlcrtliiu 


- 877 


1090 




1059 


P£chpa iil>x»>d« - - 878. 879 


1091 




1060 


HleTia <rri«ilcl» 


- 880 


1091 


Rubidcea. 


1061 

8573 


Eur^lepis ilbeiu 
EurY^^inB triceps 


- 883 
. 883 


1095 
1093 
1093 
1093 




- 885 


Kimkaija pilbeiu • . 830 




Aiidr6mv>la H'foli' 


889 


1106 


JMMfii'tid. . . B3I 


1063 


M up^li* 


- 890 


1106 


Compdsita;. 




LtiBlu"" - 


- 891 

- 893 


1106 
1106 


Sfhtlinn ili'iHi . BS3 


1064 


raininu 


- 893 


1106 




1065 




- 894 


1107 


;-«ffut&c«is . - 834 


1066 


IWragitlB 


- 895 


1107 




1067 




• 896 


1103 


rasniiirinifului ■ - e3« 


1067 




- 897 


1108 




1068 


Zt-dbir,p«i«, - 


• B9« 


1!0» 


AUfaiM , - . -8S8 


1069 


Kiwciiiii nitid* 


- 8W 


1109 



OITBN ALOHQ WITH THE TEXT. 




1110 
SS75 
1110 

mo 

2S75 



BuppL S491 2ST5 



.;fietaBti,plif1(» U'ls-uni ' 
Pemi^ttya iiiucranaU - 
Gauliherto prociimbena - 

Sluiil™ 
dittn 



HIT 
IISO 
3575 



- 924 lli4 




Fimra ... 

JUlmu UUiSlu . . . 

■ngiuUfdlU ... 

!Mcn>i^*a frrrugiam 

globuluru SuppL S 

Arile.procfimb«» {s„ppL j 

Leiophylluin (hymifoliuio 



iuiiloliuni 

Mitum 
Oije6cMii palliitris 
roacioeirpua 

Bryiiuliuf 



115S 
II5S 

1159 
SS77 
1154 

asrr 

1154 
I15f 
1155 
1I5S 
1157 
1158 
1159 
IICO 
1160 - 



II«S 
8577 
1162 
IISS 
I16S 
1163 
1IS4 
1164 
2377 



Xrli^r 



.ru9 997, 99B 
■miis» ' Suppl. 2S03 

Symplocdcete. 



Styrdcea. 



berigitum . . 1010 

pul*erul£iitum - - loll 

Halettn teiniptera - . 1019 

ilipten . . - 1014 

i/hfrsindcea. 



1IB8 
lies 

1I8» 



- Suppl. 8504 SBT8 



«buiv 



U8T OF BHOBATINaS OF BOTANICAL SPEaHENS 



Sapotdces. 



Suppl. 

OUdcets. 

ZigfiMmm Tiilgiie - 1019. 

TuL mnperrlreiu 

luridum - Suppl- 

floribfindum - 
Mflfrea inguitirolia 
U3g- roanvrinifolia 
niUim 

CUoDinthu* rirgiDica - • 
{Do enropa^ . . - 
cur. Mtln lon^foli* 
ferrugliic* 



csp^nni - Suppl. 

Notda^ figustrlna SuppL 
^/ringm vulgaris 

Jonka'a - 1037 

rothomagiiuU 

Emidi 
FoaUnMa phillyrvoldea 
fMilont eietluuT 

heUroph^Ui 





- 1057, 




. 1059, 


yugUfldieii. 


1061 


sjar,. - . 


- 1063, 

Suppl 


ImtiKifotia - 


Suppl. 


t/raui europ«'» 












floriblmd. 





iasmindqeee. 



hpoci/nacete. 

- lOBS, 



nr« 


IW 


1015 


1192 


1016 


1193 


1017 


1I9S 


SS07 


3578 


10» 


1199 


lOlS 


1199 


lOSO 


1301 






lOM 


1309 


loss 


1904 


1098 








10S8 


1205 


10S9 


1206 


1033 


1207 


1033 


190B 


1034 




1035 


laoB 


S509 


3579 


S510 


3579 


1036 




1038 


1910 


1039 


1311 






lOll 




1043 


1212 






1044 




1050 


1228 


1051 


1339 






1053 


1930 


lOM 


1231 


1055 


1232 






1058 


1235 


1060 


123« 


1062 


123S 

1237 


1064 


1338 






3513 


2581 


1065 


1342 






107O 


1244 


1072 


1245 


1073 


1248 


1074 


1249 


1075 


1349 


1076 


1250 


1077 


1350 


1078 


I35I 


loes 


1355 



Fliica minor - 
Giltimiym nftidoD) 
Nirlam OUiaiet 



- 1084 

- 1085 

- 1086 



Asclepiada.cete. 
Perlploca grs'ca - - 108T, 1088 
MiguNilolU - - 1089 

Bignonia MpreoUta 

Tiama nullani 

grand! flora 

Calimpelii acabra 



- 1092 

- 1093 

- 1094 



135* 
1900 
I9G0 



■ 1098 19S4 



Boragittdcea. 



Bhr^tanrriU 



- 1103 ias5 



BalbWi - Suppl. 3514 


2599 




1989 


£ jeium europic'uin - .1108 


1970 


birbarum - - 1109 


I2T0 


cbintn» . . IIIO, 1111 


1971 


ruthunicum - - 1112 


1979 


lanceolatuiD Suppl. 2513.2516 


9589 


f^ni.,™ / '"3 


I37S 
9589 


1&U.D . - uU 1115 


19TS 




1974 


NKul.'<lnu elB>''cn ' - 1M8 


1374 


IJnigTniiiiMB Bsiiguini-a - - 1117 


1975 


•uB>^ulL'ni . - 1120 


1975 


Cf^lrumnDdiirnum ■ ■ 1119 


197* 


«ir-;«i - - - 1139 


1875 


\lMialjaSidt, . . .1191 


1275 


Scrqphulariacea. 




Bdddleo Rlobd. -1123.1194 


1376 


HalleHalilcida ■ - 1125 


1377 



OtVBN ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



CUHU -1139,1130 13TB 

Seolilen' SuppL SSI8 3588 

ta(r$a moDliiia 

SuppL 9515 3JB2 



^aopus offiriDBlii 

lUleriiBB It&tioiu - 1 135, 



Hmbliuidu • 
Aalib^rtut incana 



nwDinthiH fhitirosul 

°ffcii I li campwiuUu - - 

■his Grihami 

nsMluUiira luiintbo SuH>1. 



rim ^gnum ciitus . - 11 
Clcradfndron inf noe - - 1 1 

Alopia citriodoni - -11 

Globtdaridcea, 
GlotmUria longif6lu - -1155 1B8T 

Vlumbagin acea. 
capfiuii - Suppl. SSSO 3583 
Chenopodi&cetE. 



^tripla /faliiDUS 



1156, 1157 lS8g 



INatb Ccntolda 



Volygon&cea. 



CaltipBum PalUu'i 



Laliimt Borbonia 



- 1178 1304 



Proteacea. 
GrcTillm nMnwrinUulic 



IIUlbo pugionifunnis 
Binkn'a latifolta - SuppL 

Thr/meldcete. 

Siphae Matrtum 

alUiea . . . - 
■Iplu 

pijptica - . . 



neapolil^a 

oletiidea 

CnSdium 

CnEonim 



IITT, 1178 1306 






tibra 



130S 
130» 
1309 



1311 
1319 
1319 
1319 
1313 
1313 
1314 
1314 
1315 



b^brida 
Dirca pallUlris 

Santaldce£. 
Nfua hiAim . ■ 119 

graadidenUta ■ isoc^ isoi I31S 
Oa^ris&Iba • . . 1303 13S0 

tUaagtidcctr. 

E\KigBm\ianitias . - 1303 1399 
atgvnm - . 1304 1333 

nlicirolia - . . IS05 1394 

fflpp6plia( 



- I 306 1335 

- 1307 1336 
• 1308 13S7 

- 1309 13S8 



Arisfolockidcea. 

^ruUddchia llpho - ■ 1! 



Bafb6thia Cbmridat - 1 



nHOItfera - 

riuXKit wiiipurvircji% n 

A6i\im acid^n 


- 1SI4 
na . 1315 
- I32ft 13S1 
SuppU 3594 
Suppl. 9583 
SuppL 9535 


1333 
1333 
1341 
9535 
8535 
2585 


Vt-tic^ea. 




taE&rica 


- 1993 

- 1935 


1348 
1958 


Bdi7« •eummau 


- 1939 1371 



dxxvi LIST OF KKaRAYINOS OF BOTANICAL 87ECIMEN8 







fifm 


Vai* 






rigan 


ri«t 


XJlm^^^^ 






Ad. acuminata - 


- 


1330 


1554 










Pontedenbia 


_ „ 


1331 


1556 


ITlmui eunp^ttrif panrifdlia 


'- 1230 


1377 


cindrea 


m m 


1332 


1558 


eun. ehin6iiais 


- 


- 1231 


1377 


c^prea 


1333. to 1335 


1562 


•uberdn 


- 


■- 1240 


1395 


a 

cotinifolia 




1336 


1566 


ni^or 


- 


. 1241 


1396 


rotundAta - 


• ^ 


1337 


1572 


csrpinUSlla 


- 


- 1242 


1397 


laiirina 


^ ^ 


1338 


1578 


glabm 


- 


. 1245 


1403 


Borreri^na 


» m 


1339 


1579 


americana 
fiilTa 




- 1246 

- 1247 


1406 
1408 


Weigeliaaa 
nltens 


m m 


1340 
1341 


1582 
1588 


•lata 


m 


- 1248 


1409 


oaociniiiolia 


^ ^ 


1342 


1585 


Flinera RiehMt 


m 


- 1440 


1410 


myrtillbides 

Afyrnnites 

ftetulifolia 


^ ^ 


1343 


1587 


Gmellm - 
Otitis australis 


" 


- 1251 

- 1252 


1413 
1414 


m • 


1344 
1345 


1588 
1588 


emnlBlla 


m 


- 1254 


1419 


retillta 


m m 


1346 


1589 


oriraaiia 


m 


. 1255 


1420 


•erpyllifolia 


- 1347, 


1348 


1590 


Jugland&ceie. 




herb^cea 


- 


1S49 


1591 


Jfigbms r^gia 

nigra 

oin^rea 
C&rya oliv»f6rmis 

tankn 

aqu4tica 


- 1257 

- 1260 

- 1262 

- 1263 

- 1264 
- 1265, 1266 


1425 
1436 
1439 
1442 
1443 
1444 


poUrU , - 
hastata - 

arb{iscula 
laniu 
colutebldes 
6er6ertfolia 


- 1350, 
Suppl. 


1351 
1352 
1353 
1354 
2529 
1355 


1598 
1598 
1593 
1594 
2588 
1595 


toniBntosa 


- 


. 1267 


1445 


Ijeavet 


ofSaUx. 






41ba 


. 


- 1269 


1446 


purpikrea 


. 


n 




fluldlta - 


» 


. 1271 


1449 


mwx 


. 


2 




porclna 


- 1272. 


-^^*{\T^ 


LambertuiMa 
moniuidra 


m « 


3 

4 


*I603 


in3rrHtic«f6nnis 


- 


- 1275 


1451 


Forby^na 


- 


5, 




FkorooArjrA oaudisica 


- 


- 1276 


1452 


rikbra 


m « 


6 




Salicdcete^ 






vir^scens 
Humboldu'^iia 


m m 


7 
8 


*1604 


£iliz purpikrea 


- 


- 1294 


1490 


Bonplandidna 


m 


9 


ibphnoldet 


- 


- 1295 


1495 


Lyonti 


m 


10 




unduUta - 


- 


- 1296 


1497 


Houstont^iia 


m 


11, 




triindra 


- 


- 1297 


1499 


▼irgata 


. 


12' 




amygd&lina 
pent&ndni 


" 


- 1298 

- 1299 


1501 
1503 


undulata 
lanceolata 


m m 


13 
14 
15. 


1 1605 


Meyeridna - 


m 


. 1300 


1505 


triindra 


. 




liicula 


- 


- 1301 


1506 


HoflfhuuinidiMi 


. 


16' 




dadpiani 


- 


- 1309 


1515 


Yillarsi^na 


s 


17 




[ RuaelHaaa 


- 


- 1310 

- 1311 


1516 
1518 


omygdilina 
montina 


- 


18 
19 


.1606 


tfba 


-1314,13IS{'J^ 


YitelHna - 
annularis 


- 


20 
21 




nigra 1 ^ 
fig6ttrina J 


- SttppL S5S7 


2588 


babylonica 
petiolaris 


• m 


28' 
83 


►1607 


firlnbldes 


«• 


- 1317 


1530 


oonformis 


. 


84 


▼ircfloeni 


m 


- 1318 


1531 


violaoea 


• • 


25, 




petioliris 


mm 


- 1319 


1533 


prc^coz 


• « 


26' 




rotmarinifolia 


- 


- 1320 


1535 


fr^lis 


. 


27 


-1608 


anguttifdlia 


- 


- 1321 


1536 


RjiaaeUutna 


m • 


28 
29' 




J}oaiima 


- 


- 1322 


1540 


decipiens 


. . 




▼cr«icolor 


SuppL 2528 


2588 


montpeli^nsis 


. 


SO 


1609 


retieulka 


- 


- 1323 


1543 


tetrai^nna 


. 


31 




glaiica - 
Xiappdnum 


m 


- 1324 


1544 


Iticida 


. 


32^^ 




- 


. 1325 


1545 


Meyerubia 


. 


33 


1610 


eindida - 


- 


- 1326 


1548 


pentindia 


m ^ 


34 




inaba 


- 


- 1327 


1548 


basUu 


. 


351 




linearis 


m 


- 1328 


1549 


aialilolia 


. • 


86 


1611 


TiminMif 


- 


- 1889 


1549 


nigricans - 


s m 


87. 





OIVXK ALONG WITH THE TEXT. 



clxxvii 



fIgwM Vage 



jihylieildlia 
DmnXkUtma 
Wnlloiaaiia 
tteapU 

Wcigdtdna 



nii£51ia 



JUyrttnitci 
pvocumbciis 



poUris 



^rrpylli^Dlia 
mjrrtinbldet 
ivdculita - 

arcnina 

Lappdnom 



| wo t gi g/W i g 
alatemoldet 



parriidlim 



rapcns 



arb6ieala 

mniMrinifdlia 

deednibens 



•nfaali^iift 



pallida 



38' 
39 


^1612 


5ia. itr^ida 
•6idida 


40 


rmiUrifl 


*n 




auftrilU 


42 
43 


^1613 


rotundita 
ddra 


^J 




nnna 


45' 




Amonubia 


46 




atroTirens 


47 


kl614 


Andenonubia 


48 


FonUridma 


49 




nip^strit 


50 




ooriioea - 


51*' 




hirta 


52 




ootinifdlia 


53 




enaufdlia 


54 




ladbtru 


55 




▼aud^nsifl 


56 




latHBlla 


57 yeis 1 


griaophflla 


58 




ineaD^Mens 


59 




sphaoclata 


60 




o^prea - 


61 




panndn 


62 




aurlta 


63j 




dncroa 


64' 




oleifdlia 


65 




aquitiea 


66 
67 


.1616 


femiffinea 
germinita 


68 




maerottipulioea 


69 




acuminata 


70' 




•dpularis 


71 




▼iminalb 


72 


.1617 


flmitht^iM 


73 


Michelt<iiui 


74 




Uba 


75 J 




OKrulea 


76^ 


arbiiacula - 


77 




retdn 


78 




befierildVuL 


79 




ligida 


80 




oordita 


81 




cordifolia 


82 >.1618 


oborita 


88 






84 




agypUaca 


85 




diioolor 


86 




fiddlta - 


87 




alplna 


88. 




tristit 


89^ 




U>a.iM 


90 




nigra 


91 


»1619 


P6puliii 4]ba 


92 


* A w A 9 


ean^fcens 


93 




titoula 


94 




tr^pida 


95' 




grandidentata 


96 




gnr^oa 


97 V1620 


nigra 


981 


oraad^nais 


99 




tetulsOIia 



1611 



16S2 



-1698 



1624 



^1626 



ISO 




131' 
132 J 
133' 


1628 




134 




135 


1629 


136 




137 




138* 




139 




140 


« 


141 




142 




143 




144 




145 


»16d0 


146 




147 




148 




149 




150 




151 




152, 




1507 


1639 


1508 


1641 


1509 


1647 


1510 


1650 


1511 


1650 


1512 


1651 


1513 


1653 


1515 


1656 


1516 


1657 



oUxviii Liar or EifcnAViiro» or botanical aPEciHEvs 



«MWlta 



. ISlf tSS7 

- ISW 1061 

- isa» 18TI 

- ISat I6TS 

{ISSS, 1586 1674 

SuppL SS30 8589 

- ISST 1676 



oifBcanthafolia 



pubtueiu 



1 543 1687 

Ifi44 1GS8 

1545 1689 

1516 1690 

S5S1 S589 

SfiSa 95S9 

1547 1691 

lf48 1691 

1549 169S 

15Jfi 1704 

1557 ITOS 

155S 1706 

1559 1706 



Coryldcetr. 
Qoiradt pcduncMliu - - 1567 1' 

ped. betarophflla 1569. to 1571 -fj, 
jc&stliHiim - - 1579 1736 

puWwtns . . 1573 1737 

■oritUannr. . 1574. tt I»T»|^]^|| 

- 1583 1743 

- 1584 1743 

- 1696 1849 

- 1697 1844 
- 1699. to ITOI 1845 

ri846 



pindula 



1709. to ITOal 



[847 



- 1707 1848 

- 1708 1848 

- 1709 1B49 



- 1710, V 



"■{i: 



1850 
.851 
SuppL S5S4 8591 
LooonilMdaa - 1714 1854 

triip* - 1715,17171 I85S 
deatiu - 1716 1856 

■ubcrdv - 1717a 1857 

i«bi - - 1717* 1857 
- 1719 1859 



Oaki 1798 
1783, nssf 



a 



1784 1865 

17S5 1B65 

I 730 1869 

1781 1870 

1738 1870 

17S4 1781 

1735 187S 

173G 1874 

1737 1875 

1788 1875 
1739 



■niHgua 
Uoiu 



).tol744{]; 

h to 1748 1 

- 1749 1 

750, 1751 I 

- 1753. 10I757||| 

- 1758. tol760|j| 



bjbiida 
itabrwirii • 



o 1748 1880 

- 1749 1889 
1750, 1751 1883 

riBS5 

886 

!B«7 

1888 

1768, I7«S ~1889 

,fl890 

^ 1 1891 

- 1767, I7«e 1898 

ri894 

11895 

- 1774 1896 

- 1776 1897 

- 1775 1897 
riB9S 



1764, 1765 { 



1770, 1771 f}{ 



Hber 



Tbrnen' 
bArida nine 
FentMBtaii 

Co6kiJ . 
.W— - 
Imiiinioi 



- 1777, 1778 

- 1781 

- 1783. to 1786 

- 1787, nu'iam 

- 1789. to 1793 

• 17M '1911 
. 1795. to 1796 



■ 1803, 1803 
• 180* 



I9IS 

1801 '1917 
'1918 



™''"""il994 

lBiatol819 1934 

■ 1813 1935 

- UI4 1935 

- 1815 1996 
' 1816 1936 

- 1817 1997 

• 1818 1998 
- 1819. 1890 1998 

• IftM 1939 
. IMT IMS 



OIVKN ALORO WITH THB TEXT* 



clxziz 



Oaks not yet introduced. 



pruindta 



- 1833, 



- 1837, 



gyab^rrima 



- 104], 



platjcirpA 
gnocllifldim 
lodilu 

pifidfi mnKim 
cmbiiiita 



JUTcxtcaM. 



ndAp^nns 



pftiidiirmtti 



. 1855, 



ndcr6iyU 



angwtildlia 

lBD«BOl&ta 

fcdcidite - 
chrytophflU 
pvleb^Ua - 



•lipiil&rii - 

enmi§d\iM 

■mMgiift 



trideiM 

Motifdlis 



sjrlT&tica heterophylU •! 



wjlr, eritUta 

Benag/tnett 

cuoliniaiut 
ktifdliA 

obUqw 

Muloi^ei - 

Thmhkyi 



ptoila - - 1927, 



Flgtf* 


P^* 


1828 


1933 


1829 


1934 


1830 


1934 


1831 


1935 


1899 


1935 


1834 


1936 


1835 


1937 


1836 


1937 


1838 


1937 


1839 


1938 


1840 


1938 


1842 


1938 


1843 1 


1938 
1939 


1844 


1939 


1845 


1939 


1846 


1939 


1847 


1940 


1848 


1940 


1849 


1940 


1850 


1941 


1851 


1941 


1852 


1941 


1853 


1941 


1854 


1942 


1856 


1942 


1857 


1943 


1858 


1943 


1860 


1943 


1861 


1944 


8869 


1944 


IS59 


1943 


1869 


1944 


IB^ 


1945 


1864 


1945 


1866 


1945 


1867 


1945 


1868 


1946 


186» 


1946 


1870 


1946 


1871 


1946 


1879 


1947 


1873 


IM7 


1874 


1947 


1915 \ 
1876 J 


1952 


1877 


1952 


1917 


1961 


1915 


1980 


1916 


1980 


1919 


1982 


1920 


1982 


1921 


1963 


1922 


1983 


1998 


2002 


1999 


900S 



I OMk TSmgArrmi 
arg ntea 
JATinica 
Cttrpiniu ameriouiA 
oiientalii 
^miaea 
O'llrya Yulgiiis 

virginica 

C6ry\nM i^tell&na 
Ay, tubuloaa 

eilspa 
Cbliirna 

arbof^aoam 
firox 



mm 

{ 



1930 9% 

- 1931 2004 
• 1939 9004 

- 1986 9013 

- 1937 9014 

- 1938 9014 

- 1939 9015 
1940 9016 

SuppL 2537 9595 

- 1941 9017 

- 1949 9018 

- 1949 9016 

- 1948 9099 
« 1949 9099 

- - 1950 9091 



Gorr^ceae. 

G4rrya eUipUea - - 1951 9099 

Flatandcea. 



Plitanut orientalls - 1952. to 1954 
occidentalit 

Balsamdcea. 



{ 



9099 

9095 

- 1959 9043 



Liquid4iiibar Styraciflua 

imMffbe - - 1963, 

Altingta - - 

^yrichcete. 

Afyrloa Gdk - . 1966, 

ceiifcra latifolia - 
Fdiya - - 

apathulata - - 
Complonta osplenifdlia 

Gnet^ae. 

£'pbedra ditUcbya - 1973, 
monoatachya - 1975, 

altlauma - 1977, 1978, 

"*^*^ - {suppJ. 

l^axdcea. 

TixQA baccata frstigiata 
Salisbdrfa adiantifSlIa • 1989, 
Podoc&rpus latifolius 

chllinua - - 

elongatus ... 

ooriacnis - - 

faxifdlius • - 1999, 
Daeirdiiun eupr^vUium 
Pfaylj6Gladis rhomboidalb 9009, 

Coniferce. 



1961 9049 

1964 9054 

1965 9054 



1967 



{ 



2056 
9057 

1968 9057 

1969 9059 

1970 9059 

1971 9060 



1974 
1976 
1979 
1980 
9539 



1981 
1983 
1995 
1996 
1997 
1998 
2000 
9001 
2003 



PiDus syW^tria 

tyL uneinata 
pumiUo - 



- « 



r9057, 
X % 



2043 
to 
2046 
2048 
2047 
2059 
906f 



9069 
9064 
9064 
2065 
2597 



2066 

9095' 

2100 

9101 

9101 

9101 

9101 

9109 

9109 



9159 

to 
9155 
9160 
9157 
9186 
918a 



clxxx 



BOTANICAL SPSCIMENS IN TEXT. 



JPln. pum. MUghut 



- S059, fl060 2187 
- 8064. to2066f|}|J 



inopt 
mltb 

p6llg«18 

Lttkio 

aintriacA 

Pallatiaiia 



. S068. toSOTO 
- 907S. toSO70 



SI 98 
8193 
8195 
8196 

- 8077. to 8079 '8198 

{2800 
to 
8808 
- 9085 8805 
8906 

- 8086. to 8089 



pymiiica 
Toandm 



. 809a to 8093 
- 8094. to 9096 



to 

8908 

'8809 

8810 

'8810 

^8811 

mnad^nau bifdUa 8098, 8099 "^ 881 3 

{8814 
8815 
8818 
LemootaiiM - 8108, 8103 8816 



minor 
Piarn 



- 8104 8817 



r8885 
. 8106, 8107. 8109<( to 



halep^nstt -SliatoSllS^ 



8887 

'8831 

to 

8833 

briltia - - 8114. to 8116 ^8835 

wp. from Nepal - - 8117 8836 

^8237 

8238 

'2239 



TbMa 
ligida 
■er6tiiia 
▼•ri&biUi 
ponda r d i 



- 2118. to 2121 
. 2123. to 2126 

- 2127. to 2130 



2241 

2242 

2243 

2131 2242 



{2131 : 
SuppL 8540 8599 

8132. to 2135 1^** 



Arotuthdlnum Oxfoedri 

.nnut SMDM^ma - 2138. to 2142^ 



Co61ttri 

longUdlia 

Ocnrdftdaa 

ausCrtili 

oanari^ndb 

dn^Mb 
indgnii 

j4tTT^^ 



2245 

- 2137 2246 

2247 

to 
2249 
2250 
2251 
2252 
2253 
2254 
2255 
2256 

to 
2258 
2861 
2263 

- 2167. to 2169 ~2264 
-2170, 2172 2265 

- 2073, 9074 2266 

- 2175, 9176 8967 



- 8144. to 8146 

- 8148. to 8151 
. 8153 to 8155 

- 8156. to 8159* 

- 8168. to 8165 



Pin. LlaTedfia 

muricata 
tuberculita 
radiaU 
oocident&Ua 

Monteii^mg 

leioph^lla 

CStHbra 

StxdbuB 

•xc61aa 

Lambertt^iM 

montScola 

oont6rta 
j£^jim ezc^laa 
ezodaa nigra 
ilba 
nigra 
rubra 
Smithu^aa 

Douglan 

MeniiMi 

dumdia 

cepbal6nica 

Pioea peetinita 

babimf 

FriUeri 
grindis 



• 8177. to 8179 



n6bilia 
Webbtaaa 

Jnudtoip 

braeteato 

religidia 

JLariK europa^a 
CMnisLib&ni 



{ 



2867 



2868 

2180 8869 

2181 8870 

2182 2271 

2183 2273 
2279 
887S 

2186 2274 
r2274 
. 2188. to 2191 i to 

2877 



- 2184, 2185 



{^ 



. 2193, 2195 



- 2197, 

- 2803, 

- 8808, 
. 2210, 



8800 



2206 



2280 
2281 
2286 
2287 



2209 



. 2230, 2231 



- 2233, 

- 2235, 

- 2337. 2338 

- 224a to 2242 

- 2243, 

- 2245, 

- 2247, 

- 2249, 



- 2251, 

- 2254, 



{ 



SuppL 



2290 
2291 
2292 

2211 2299 

2212 2293 

2213 2294 

2224 2311 

2225 2319 

2228 2316 

2229 2317 
2319 
9320 

2232 2321 
2234 2325 
2236 2326 
2330 
2331 
9339 
2340 
2244 9340 
2246 2341 
2248 2349 
2950 9343 
9344 
9345 
9346 
9347 

9956 9348 

9957 9349 
9543 8609 

9958 9353 
9967 9403 

9428 



^ 



I 



2252 
2255 



i 



Dtodttra • 2283, 2284. 2286 



Arauoiha imbricata - 2286. to 9992 



braiili&na 

cxeilaa 

Cunningb&mit 
CmininghimJa tt 



- 2294. to 2296 

- 2297. to 9901 

{2303, 
SuppL 
2906i 



to 
2430 
2433 

to 

9485 

2439 

9440 

9441 

9449 

9304 9444 

9545 8604 

9907 9446 



I 



UST or ruNQi, licbens, mosses, etc. 



lUja oeeidentalu 



- 3308,83091: 

- S3I0, aaiw ; 






pindnla - 



3447 
8448 
3448 
3449 
331 3 ^3455 
8315 94sy 
2316 3460 
3318 3461 
8319 3463 

3330 3465 

3388 S4TB 

3331 3479 

fa479 
to 



- 2335 2481 

- 3338 3483 

- 33«^ 8341 3487 
r348g 

3343. to 8349^ lo 
[8491 

- 8351, 3353 3494 

- 2353 3494 
3354. to 3356 2495 

- B357 3496 

- S358 8498 
SUiina and Van. 8359. to 3363 f l^ 



riqpnianm 






' 2364, 3365 25U1 



Jim. I^U 
thurifen 

Smilhft 
frnpetnim ntgnim 

CentioU Riciiidn 
AdiUi i*perm 



Sarwaparilla 
huUU lanceollta 
qiiadrftngulaTii 
Aliicui aculaatus 
hfpophjilum 

ricca ghrilZ 
■up«rba 
oiolfolia 



' \S508 

- 8369 3503 

- S3T0 8504 

- 8371 2504 

- 8373, 8373 8505 

- 3374 S50fi 
. 3375, 8376 H507 

- 337T, 3378 3508 

- 3379, 2380 8509 
8381 3510 

' 3383 2511 

. 3383 8511 

. 8384 8518 

' 3385 8513 

; S5!4 

' 8387 3518 

) S519 



- 3396 8588 

- 3397 3586 

- 8398 358« 

- 8399 3387 

- 3400 S587 

- 8401 3587 

- 8403 85S9 

. SuppL 3546 3606 ' 

- 3404 3590 



LIST OF FUNGI, LICHENS, MOSSES, 8tc. 




- 1667 

- 8019 

- 8034 

- 1665 



lul^ariaarwiide. 
Canlharillus cilidriuB 
Ciai^riuin leucoeiphaluii 



Dacrjmj'ee' 



- 2029 

- 1689 

- 1888 
• 1670 



1973 
3146 
3148 



Ull«t' 



3147 
3149 
1971 
1971 
- 3033 3149 



gibbun 

fuireina 
Ditiola nulicita 
EiidU auricula Jud« 

gUaJulosa 
FistuUiiB hepaLica 
Geoff] ossum cucullutuiu 



/^dv^llo « 






Hfiuam ouriu&lpium 
COTAllbidea 

^ypnuDi cupreBufdrmc 

dentiouUlum 
HjFn^rium Tugdnim 



- 1681 1835 

• 8037 8149 
. 1898 1974 

- 1688 iB35 
. 3034 8148 

■ 1553 1709 

- 1886 1973 

- 1668 IBSS 
. 3083 814T 

- IGSG 1835 

- 1687 1835 

- 1674 1834 

• 8039 S149 
. 1899 1974 

- 1904 1975 
. 1887 1973 

■ 8030 8148 

- 1889 1973 

- 1675 1894 

• 8035 3149 
. 1 158 1831 
' 1656 1831 

• 1897 1974 



clxxxii 



LIST OP INSECTS. 



Lerfdeft cdrnea 
hUkea oompUmita 
L^phium elatum 

mjtilinum 
Zlofaen pulmonilriiis • 

artMUlitus 
JUorMMa cicul^nts 

pfctula 
MUttUrU erucSbuliim 
OpAgraplMi TendM 
JWn Mioulttris 

aemginoMi 

aurintia 

finiccSgeim 

melArtoma 

polym6rpha 
Fbatidium coronatum 
A4^ponia fomentarhu 

Igniiriiia 

■quarndsm 

▼endoolor 

defonnad sp. 
PDMinki B^Lii 



1664 

1657 

9087 

8096 

1659 

S5S3 

1902 

190S 

90S5 

1906 

1679 

1891 

1679 

1900 

1890 

1680 

169S 

1679 

1671 

1669 

1554 

167S 

1919 



1833 

1831 

2148 

2148 

1832 

2590 

1974 

1975 

2148 

1976 

1SS4 

1973 

1834 

1974 

1973 

1834 

1S87 

1834 

1834 

1883 

1703 

1834 

13401 



Rhuopdgon ilbus 
Selcrod^mia eitrinum 
Solcrotium ^u^rcinum 
SpathulAria flarida 
Spbe^ria t^aricifiSnnis 

alutdeta 

deiUta 

dueil^SnnU 

firagifiSrmifl 

Pniia - 
Spilonia iiifigindsum 
Stlota soFobicttlata 
Stklis nidUta 
Sdlbum tiurbinitum 
Thel%>boni hin^ia 

laciniata 

^ulreina 

sanguinoi^nta 
TVem^Ila intuin£«cens 

metent^rica 
7\kber eibarium 
Vmea plicaU - 
Vemic ria anaMpta - 



Figtm 


Ttm 


1905 


1976 


1688 


1836 


1691 


1837 


2040 


2149 


9042 


9149 


2041 


2149 


1893 


1973 


1894 


1978 


1892 


1978 


1895 


13^4 


1662 


1833 


1660 


1839 


1689 


1835 


1896 


1974 


1677 


1834 


2038 


2149 


1676 


18M 


2029 


2147 


1685 


1835 


1684 


1835 


1901 


1974 


1661 


1839 


166S 


1838 



LIST OF INSECTS. 



1387 

1929 
1929 
193 1 



Adier6iitia A'tropof - - I0»1 1253 

Balaninus nikcum - - 1947 2098 

^6iiibyxmdri - - - 1294 1356 

GilUdiuin ilexadmtm . - 1268 1446 

dntharis Tesioatdria - - 1047 1924 

Catoeila elociU - - 1293 1484 

CerJkramrcuU - - - 1518 1659 

CiftOB ArittiM - . 1541 1680 

C6mui Lignip^rda - - 1233 1386 
Jawi of the Ldira of ^^^■^il ^^^ 

Lignip^rda - - J 

C^nips gAlle Unctorue • 1822 

Oalla of C^ips gW« tinctdriae I82I 
DMd Sea Apples - 1823, 1894 

C^nipa producing Dead Seafjg^ ^^2 

Applet - - |_ 

Oidb of Dipl61epii umbrleulus 1697 1848 

D^reus parallelopipedus - 635 886 

Utd. On, Emine Moth (|^ ^ 

SooCdi Ftne shoots perforated f 
bj Hyliirgus pinip^rda - \ 

Jjurnt of Ladybird and S^hus 547 81 1 

Limlxylim misile - - 1646 1818 

Xueinus Cfirvus - - 1645 1816 

HcgaehUe oentuncul&ris - 548 819 

Hitidula gHsea ... 1989 1480 

iVftctua hastulSfera - - 1544 1688 

ri89« 

Oak Galli and Apples 1649. to 1651 < to 

tl896 

Oak Spangles ... 1659 1897 

Pqpilio FaTdnius . - 1745 1879 

^flio lUdneiM - - 9591 9584 

ilbifivni . . 1798 1868 



2013 9149 



- 1799 
. 1969 

- 1766 

- 1 261 

- 1769 
- 2535 

- 1752 

- 1918 



Ph. Aurora 

l^na - 

Ijieida 

ne6gatna 

neiistria 

Polyphdmuf 

stigma 

tesseliris 
Fir Cone attacked by2%alae^ 

Tinea 
Fir Bud attacked by Euddreal ^,. 
resinea . - ]^" 

Trees attacked by Pissddes plni 1 
and P. notatus - J 

5)!armbae\]s Afelol6ntha . 1648 

8e61ytus destHictor - - 1985 
51]phagiisea . 1988 

Sinod^ndron cyllndricum - TOI8 
5];)hlnx ccmiferaruni 

drupilb'arum 



lae^al 



1868 
9058 
1891 
1438 
1899 
9591 
1884 
1981 



9016 9145 



9146 



9019 9141 



I 



1899 
1387 
1479 
1999 

- 9161 9960 

- T958 1418 

1079.1080{}|^ 

- 1970 1447 
• 1091 1901 



9144 
9143 



JugUndis 
UgAstri 
Ravagesof T6niicusohalo6gra- 1 ^u c 
phus ... f ^■»* 

Ravages of T6micus typ6gra- 1 ooi a 
phus . - . J**** 

TT^nrix ▼iiidina . . 1647 1818 

Troehilium crabronif6nne - 1990 1481 

Lame of IVochilium crabroni- 1 
fiSrme - . . j 

2<euste a^Nnili ... 

Section of a Pear Tree per-l 
ftratcd by Zeuite si'seuli J 



68ir 
687 



1489 
887 
887 



LIST OF DIAGRAMS, ETC. 



clxxxiii 



LIST OF DIAGRAMS, &c. 



for 



on *1 
dimwing I 



of the 

PtanlMogTmni 

Trees 
Ttaeh of the Oak 
TmOk of the 

wild Pear 
Oadiiie of an entire Tree, a 

ynm^ Oak 

of a young Tree of the 



Leaves of the 



2 
3 

4 



195 

905 
208 
208 



- 5 209 



Daiaila cf lcalln||^ the Oak 
IhM&i of leafing the Bird- 



aignifying 



ft 



6 

7 
8 

30 



33 



Vbdt of protecting Magnolia 

graadifldFa 
CbiyMons of ^eer PaeAdo-\,_ 

l14taous - - -J 

IfodeofplantuigRobi-l 111 

irfa Mspida - J Suppl. 2439 



210 
SIO 
210 

252 

266 

415 



416 
2552 

DesgnaforaRoMrium-l *«5to527| ^^^ 

t Suppl. 2461 2561 
Aich for training Raaes - - 528 797 
TicBis for ditto - - 529. to 531 
for t«iningj332^53g 

HodeoftrainingRoees on Walls 537 

Bodfing Roees - - 538. to 542| 

Pmmng Roses - - 543. to 545 
Training standard Rosea • - 546 
Gcmniiation of the Mistletoe - 772 
Hooaiysuekle, architectural o'-lyg^ 

for Ericetums, or Heath 



798 
799 

800 
802 
805 
807 
809 
1024 

1043 



'• 



Bri^ nnd Tile Drains - 999. to 



for £ricacetums» 
Grounds 



■{ 



Spnjofthe Ash 
Graftif^O-museu. IjQgg ^^ 

iop«^ - ' ) 
GnftiBg (/mus amencina 

Frendi Parterres • 1216, 

Spray of the Elm 
Efana k^lmed by So61y- 1 .^^ 
tua dcstriietor - J * 

Birda (TitmoaBe)oo the Walnut 

Bodding the Wahiut -1258. 



1096 

to to 

888 1099 

001 1175 

002 1178 
to to 
006 1185 
046 1222 

^®\1243 
071 1245 
2,7 f ^337 



\1338 
232 1382 

237 P-^^® 
^^^ \ 1389 

256 1424 

259 P*^^ 
'^^\1432 



1830 
2600 



ri473 
Basket-making - - 1277. to 1285 <{ to 

tl475 

Fences of Willow -1286,1287 1476 

Huts of Birch Bark in Lapland 1552 1698 

Oak Trees with inoscu- "1 , fio^ , ^37 , 70^ 
lated Trunks .j 1626, 1627 1780 

fl794 
Spray of the Oak - 1637. to 1641 <{ to 

tl796 
Touch of the Oak, by Strutt - 1642 1796 

Barnacles on the Oak 1653. to 1655 1}®*^ 

Barnacles attached to a Piece 1^^., 
of Spruce Fir - - J^** 

Branching of Turkey Oak -1720 1859 

Acorns of different Species of 1 , ,^ . 

American Oaks - -M^^ *»^ 

Axe for detaching Cork from 1^ 

the Trunk of the Cork Tree J ^^^ *^^* 

Spray of the Beech -1879,1880 1967 

{1881 1971 

1884 1972 

1908 1977 

Rustic Garden Seat of Hazel "I , ^^ _^^ 

Rods - - . y^^ 2023 

RusticFlower-Basketof Hazel I -,^- ___. 
Rods - . . j 1945 2024 

Rustic Arbour of Hazel Rods - 1946 2025 

^"^'JZr^ "' '*!'•}'«« ««« 

Log House of Pine Trunks - 2006 2123 

American Worm Fence - 2007 2123 

Swedish Wooden Fence - 2008 2124 

Grafting the ^i6tina; - 2009, 2010 f|Jg^ 

Skeleton of a Scotch Pine at 1 ,g^^« ^, ^j, 

Gordon Castle - . J^^^ 2162 
Mode of cutting out"] 

Deals from theTrunks 1 2053, 2054 21 70 

of Pine and Fir Trees J 
Section of Larch Board, hav- ^ 

ing a Branch with the Bark 12265 2380 

on embedded in it ' ~ J 
Sections of Larch affected byl g^g^ ^^^ 

Rot - - - J 

Frame and Cover fori 

protecting Half-hardy [ 2405, 2406 253 1 

PlanU - . J 

Ground Plan of an Espalier! 

for trainmg the Locust - J 
Black Mulb^ry at Canterbury 2526 8586 
Design for a Labyrinth - - 2538 2599 



clxxxiv 



LIST OF AUTHORITIES 



LIST OF AUTHORITIES 



FOR GENERIC AND SPECIHC NAMES, &c. 



A.ctS. • 

Ahb. et Smitk. 

Ahboit 
AM. 

Aeh. 

Ach,Eieh. - 

Admu. 

A.DeC. 

Afael. 

Ak. 

Alb. et Sekw, 

AU. I 

AlUomi.y 
Alpfn. 



Anders 
Anderson 



Km. 3 



Andr. > 
Andrews. $ 

Audih. \ 
Audfbert.S 

Austin. 



Bab. 

Baekhosue. - 

Balb. \ 
Balbis. J 
Bmiister. 

BarreUer.l ' 
Btsrtr. 1 . 
Bartrom. y 
Bat. \ . 
Bast.S 
Batsch, 
Bank. 
Baukin 



.} 



Benth. > 
BenthanS' J 



A. 

AlberOni et Sckwfinitx. Mo- 
ravian miuionaiicf re* Ident 
m Araerica. 

Abbott and Smith. The first 
an amateur, the tecond the 
founder of the LInnaean So. 
ciety. 

Abbott. See Abbott et Smith. 

Abet. Author of ** Personal 
ObsenratiouSyftCfinChlna." 

Aeharius. A Swedish pro- 
fessor, and writer upon Li- 
chens. 

AchiOe Richard. A French 
botaniit. 

Adanson. A French sjrtte- 
roatic botanist. 

Alphanse De CandoHe. Author 
of** Monographle des Cam. 
panulfies,*°&c; and son of 
the distinguished De Can* 
dolle 

Afxeiius. A Swedish pro. 
fessor. 

Aiton. Director of the Royal 
Garden at Kew. 

Albertini and Schweinitx. 
Writers upon Fungi. 

AlUoni. An lullan botanist. 

Prosper Alpini. An Italian 

phjsician, and author of 

** De Plantis .Sgypti et de 

Balsaroo/* Ac. 
Anderson. A London mer. 

chant; published a paper 

on Paeonies. 
Henry Andrews. A botanical 

draughtsman, and editor of 

the **Botanical Repository/' 

Ac 
Audibert. A nurseryman at 

Tarascon, in the south of 

France. 
Austin. A nurseryman at 

Glasgow. 

B. 

Babington. An English bo* 

tanist 
Backhouse. A nurseryman 

at York. 
Batbis. A French proflsasor 

of botany. 
BatUster. A boUnlcal au. 

thor, and traveller. 

Barretter. A French botanist 

Bartrom. Formerly a nur. 

seryman at Philadelphia. 
Bastard or Batard, A writer 

upon the Flora of France. 
Batseh. A writer upon Fungi. 
Baukin. Brothers, profeasora 

of medicine, published in 

1680^1660. 
Bentham. An English bo- 

tanist, secretary to the 

Horticultural Society of 

London. 



Bergius. 
Berk. 



Bert. I 
Bertol.y 
Bess. 1 
Besser.y 
Bieb. 

Blael. 7 
Bi^elow. V 

Blume. 

Boerh. 

BoU. 

Booth. 

Bonpl. 

Booth. 



Bork. 
Borrer. 

Bose. 

Breyn. 

Brong. 
Brot. 

Broussonet. 
Budk. 

BuckansM. 

BuU. 



\e. 
Bureh. 

Burg^Unf. 
Buseh. 



Btub. 



Bergius. A Swedish writer 
upon Cape Plants. 

Beo. St. J. Berkeley. An 
English cryptogamic bota- 
nist. 

Bertotoni. A writer upon 
the Flora of France. 

Besser. A Russian professor, 
resident in the Crimea. 

Bieberstein. A Russian bota* 
nist of great note. 

Jacob Bigetow, M.D. Pro* 
fessor of botany at Boston, 
U. S., and author of ** Ame- 
rican Medical Botany,*' and 
*' Florula Bostoniensls." 

Blione, M.D. A Dutch 
botanist. 

Boerhaave. An old Dutch 
botanist. 

Bolton. An English writer on 
Fungi. 

Bootk. Brothers, nurserymen 
at Hamburg. 

Bonpland. A French tra- 
veller in South America, 
and botanist. 

W. Beattie Bootk. Describer 
of the Camellias figured In 
Chander's ** Illustrationa of 
the Camelliec." 

Borkkausen. A German bo. 
tanical author. 

William Borrer. A writer 
on British Plants, and one 
of the authors of "Lichemn 
gri4>hia Britannica." 

Bttsc. A French botaniat, 
and traveller in North 
America. 

Breyn. Author of ** Exotica- 
rum Plantarum Centuria," 
Ac. 

A. Bron^niart. A French 
botanibt. 

Brotero. A Portuguese bo- 
tanist 

Bronstonet. A French bota. 
ni«t, and traveller. 

Von Buck. A German bota- 
nist, an author of a Flora ot 
The Canaries. 

BuchanaUf formerly HamiU 
ton. An English physician, 
and traveller In Nepal. 

BuUiard. A French writer 
upon Fungi. 

Bumge. One of the uithors 
of •• Flora AlUica." 

Bureketl. An Enclish bota. 
nist, and traveller at the 
Cape of Good Hope. 

Burgsdorf. A German boCa. 
nist. 

Busck. A German gardener, 
once a nurser> man at Brent, 
ford, Middlesex ; and after, 
wards gardener to the Em. 

ftnss Catherine, at Zanko- 
e-«elo. 
Burhammt M.D, A Ruasian 



FOR GENERIC AMD SPECIFIC NAMES, ETC. 



clxxxv 



] 



C. Q. 



Veea Von 



\ 



D. Dam. 



2k*. 
he 



DeOter. 



\ 



botairiit; tnireUer through 
Annenia. 



a 

C^$aipinm$. A fkmous old 
lurian boUoist 

Cmmkatedei. One of the 
authors of ** Flora Bracilic 
meridUmalif." 

Ctumerariug. A German bo> 
tanist, author of ** Hortut 
Medicos et Philoaophicus," 
Ac. 

H. Castinl A French boU- 
nbt 

L. Cattagne, A French bo- 
nUt? 

M. CateMb^. A boUnUt, and 
trareUer in North America. 

Cmtrog. A nurseryman at 
Bordeaux. 

CamHiitet. A Spanish pro- 
fessor and botanist. 

Caspar BatJUm. A celebrated 
botanist of the 16th century. 

CtUhtM^ D.D., Greek professor 
at Upsal, and friend of 
Linncus. 

Cels. A nurseryman in Paris. 
1 C. G. Nees Vom E$enbeck. A 
3 German botanist. 

M, Chailltt. A Swiss botanist. 

(^amitto. A German tra- 
veller round the world. 

Choiiy. A Swiss botanist. 

CTauJM. An old French bo- 
tanist and traveller. 

Colthrooke. A celebrated 
English writer upon Indian 
PUnU. 

CoUadom. A Genevese bota- 
nist. 

Ccmmttim. A Dutch bota- 
nist. 

Capt. S. E. Cook. A natu- 
ralist and traveller. 

Correa de Serra. A Portu- 
guese botanist and diplo- 
matist. 

Cranix. An Austrian' botanist 

r. G. CtUium. A botanical 
amateur. 

A.GmnkmAam. Colonial bo- 
tanist at Sydney. 
Curtis. An English writer 
upon Plants. 

D. 

Daleekamns. Author of 
'*Historia generalis Plan. 
Urum." 15^1587. 

Darlington. A writer in 
•• Amer. Lye. N. H." of 
New York. 

H. Davits, D.D. A Welsh 
botanist. 

Dain'd Don. Professor of bo- 
tany in King's College, 
London, and librarian to 
the Linnsean Society. 

Debray. A botanist or Frank- 
fort. 

A. P. Dc CandoUe. The 
celebrated French systema. 
tic botanist. 

C. De Geer. Author of 
** M^moires pour servir k 
THIstoirpdes Insecteii/'Ac. 

I.e Comte Dtjean. A French 
naturalist. 

9»e DetUe. 

Delamarre. A French writer 
on plants. 

Ant. Deiarbre. A French 
boUnUt, author of ** Flore 
d'Auvcrgne.** 



DeBle. 
Descemet. 

Denf. 

Desroms. 
Desm. 

DCS9. 

Dickson. 

Dkts. 

Dod. 1 . 
Dodon. S 

Domb. 

Don <tf Forfar. 

Donn. 



I 



Domgl. 
Douglas. 

Dralei. 

Dubjf. 

Dufour. 

Dumottt. 



Dun. 1 
Dunal. i 
Dupont. 



Dur. 1 

Durand. j 
DuBoi. 



Ekr. 
Ekrenberg. - 

Ekrk. 
EUiot. 
EUis. 

Eschseh. 

E^ter, 



Fab. \ 
Fabr. i 
FaUa. 

Fing. 



Fisek. 

Fucker. 

Floy. 

FlUgge, 

Forbes. 

Forsk. 

Forst. 

Fourc. 
Frfes. 



] 



DelHe. A French profeMor, 
and traveller In Egypt. 

Descemet. Director of the 
Botanic Garden at NikitkA, 
in the Crimea. 

De^ontaines. A French bo. 
tanical author, and tra- 
veller in Barbery. 

Desrousseanx. A French bo- 
tanist. 

Desmaxicrfs. A French cryp- 
togamic botanist. 

DesooMJi. A French pro- 
fessor of botany. 

Dickson. An English cryp- 
toganilc botanist. 

DioscoHdes. An ancient clas- 
sic author and botanist. 

Dodoiueus, or Dodoens. A 
botanist of the 16th cen- 
tury. 

Dombey. A French tra- 
veller in South America. 

Don of For/ar. A Scotch 
botanist. 

Donn. Formerly curator of 
the Cambridge Botanic 
Guden. 

David Douglas. The cele- 
brated botanical collector 
and martyr. 

Draict. A French writer on 
the oak. 

Duby. A French boUnist. 

Dttfour. A French botanist. 

Dumont de Courset. A writer 
upon French garden plants. 

Dunal. A French botanbt 

Dupont. A French botanist, 
author of ** Double Flore 
Parisienne." 1805. 

Durand. A French botanist . 

Du Roi. A German writer 
upon plants. 

E. 

See Ekrenberg. 

Ekrenberff. A German tra- 
veller in Arabia, &c. 

Ehrkart. A German botanist. 

EUM. An American botanist. 

EUis. A London merchant 
and botanist. 

Dr. EscksckoUx. A German 
botanist. 

Etper. A German writer on 
Ftngl. 

F. 

P. C. Fabricius. A German 

botanist 
Folia. A nurservman at 

Gateshead, near Newcastle. 
Flngerkutk. A German bo. 

tanist. 
Dr. Fucker. A Russian bo- 
tanist. 
Floy. A nurseryman in New 

Vork. 
FlUgge. A German writer 

upon grasses. 
Forbes. Gardener to His 

Grace the Duke of Bed. 

ford, at Wobum. 
Fitrskdkt. A Danish natu- 

ralift, and traveller in 

Arabia. 
Forstrrs (Fatker and Son). 

Travellers in the South 

Seas with Captain Cook. 
A. F. Foureroy. A French 

botanist. 
JiWfS. A Swedish botaniil, 

and wffiltr upon Ftca.^. 



cUzxYi 



LIST OF AUTHORITIES 



Qmi, 



Otmdkkamd. 
O.Doit. 

Qer. ei Lob, - 
Qer. I 
airard, J 
Gtrmar. 

Oem. 

am. 

am. ei Hook. 

Ood^firoif. 

OoUie. 

Gordom. 



Ormk. 
Qrak 

Oreo. 

GHgor. 

OmientL 

Ouii. 

Gptt. 



i 



Bmkk^ 



Hm. 
aatt.JU. 



JiamUf 



] 



Harris. 
HmrL 

HmHig. 

Saoself, 

Bmme. 
H.& 

H.RH Kik, 

B.HKA. 
B.UW. 



Fmdti. A odcbnted Ocr> 
nutn botanist. 

O. 

Ganrtner. A celebrated Ocr. 

manctfpoloi^ 
Garden. A ScoCcb phyaidan 

reiklcnt at Cbarieitoa. 
GamUdknuL A French bo- 

tanift. 
Geo. Dom. A botaniit, and 

editor of ** Don't Miller.'* 
Geo^ofi. A French bota. 

nut of the 18th century. 
See Girardt and also LobeL 

Girard. A French botanist 

Germar. A German entc 
mologist 

Comrad Gemer of Zurich, a 
fiunous botanist. 

J^. GilUeM. A botanist and 
traireUer. 

See GUt.t and also Hook. 

GmeUn. A Bussian botanist, 
and traTellcr in Siberia. 

Godehrow. A nurseryman at 
VUle d'ATray, near Paris. 

Goidie. A nuneryman at 
Ayr, In Scotland. 

George Gordon. Superinten- 
dent of the Arboretum in 
the Horticultural Society's 
Oardea 

Gomam. A Fkench botanist 

Grakam^ M.D. Rcfius pro. 
lessor of Botany at Edin- 
burgh 

Dr. OrevOle. An English 
botanist, and writer upon 
cryptogamous plants. 

€higor. A nurseryman at 

Bgin. 
GUIdengtaedi. A Russian bo- 
tanist. 

Joamtes Gusmme, M.D. Di- 
rector of the Royal Botanic 
Garden at Palermo, and a 
botanical author. 

L. GpUettkaU. Author of 
*' InsecU Suecica de- 
scripta." 1808,1887. 

H 

BmJte. A German botanical 

writer. 
Haktm^ Author of "Two 

Re m e mb r a nces of Things to 

beundisoorered in Tuney, 

Ac." 1592. 
HaOer. A Swiss botanist 
Holler the pomnger, 
HamUtom. A botanist, and 

tnTcUer in the East Indies. 
Ifewftsirjf. A writer upon 

gardening. 
Harrtt. An entomologist 
HarUoeg. Author of ^'^Hor- 

tus Carlsruhensiii" 
Hariig, A writer on the 

culture of forest trees. 
Hmtielauitt. A botanist, and 

traveller in tlie Levant. 
Hagne. A German botanist 
HmmhoUU and Bmpkmd. Fa. 

mous tnirdlers and bota. 

nists. 
HumboUt, Bonpkmd, and 

Kuntk. German botanists. 
N. C. Hellenius. A Swedish 

botanist 
HmnboUt and Kumtk. 

manbotanista 
Leo Wt 



Ger- 



Til 



Court, Hert& 



Af., 



BodgjtM. 
HiiffinamM 
BolmMk. 
Hook, 

Hook, ei Am. 



Hoppe.l 
Hope, i 
Horn. - 

Hort. 

Hort. Par. - 
Hbtt. 

Howiion. 

Hods. 

HmU. 

MMtnno. et Bomp. 
Humb.ei Bonpi. 



mier- i 



Jaeq. 



} 



Hodi^ni. Nurseryman, Dun- 

ganstown, near Wicklow. 
HoffhuuuueU' A botanist of 

uresden. 
Holmtkiold. A Danish bota. 

nist 
8kr W. J. Hooker. Regius 

protosor of botany in the 

UniTersity of Glasgow. 
Sir W. J. Hooker and Jntott, 

authors of **The Botany 

of Captain Beechcy's Voy- 

age to the Pacific/' &c. 
Hoppe. A German botanist 

and collector of pAanta 
IU»mtma$m. A banish bo. 

tanist and professor. 
Hortulanomm. Of the Gar- 

deners. 
Ctftke Parte Garden. 
Hoet. An Austrian botanist, 

and botanical author. 
Hovfison. A writer in the 

** Edin. PhiL Joum." 
Hudaom. An English writer 

upon British plimts. 
HuU. A English botanist. 
Humboldt and Banpland. — 

See B. B. 



I. 



C. lUiger. A writer on na- 
tural history. 



J. 



Jaeouin. An Austrian tn- 
▼Mler in South America, 
and botanist 
Jaume St.HUaire. Jamme Saint Hilaire. A 

French botanist, and author 
of ** Plantes de la France^** 

&C. 

Jo. BauMn. brother of Cas- 
par Bauhin, and author of 
** Historia Phuitarum uni- 
versalis." 1650, 1651. 

John Grigor, nurseryman of 
Forres. 

J. 0. Wetlwood. An EngUsh 
entom<^ogist 

Jmeieu. A celebrated Fkcneh 
systematic botanist 

Jnoenai. A classic author. 



J.B. l 
J. Bauh.S 



John Grigor. 
J. O. W. 
Juu. 



Jmo. 



K. 



A traveller In 



Ka^nipftr. 

Japan. 
Karm. et Zuccar. Jtaron Knrwhuki and Imeea^ 

rini. Zealous pr om e t e is 

of botany in Germany. 
Kahn. VnteMtx of botany 

at Abo, in Sweden. 
Ker. A describer of pianta 

in *« Bot. Reg." 
J. S. Kemer. Author of 

** Fiflures (et Descriptions) 

des Plantes Cconomiques." 

1786-17M. 
Kitaibel. A Hungarian bo. 

tanist. 
Klotxich. A Gcnnan writer 

on ftingi. 

KnowL et Wett-I Knowles iO. R) and Weeteoit 
coU. i (F.). Conductors of the 

** Floral Cabinet" 
JCbdb. A professor at Er- 

langen. 
Koeler. A writer on Oerman 



JColfii. 

Ker. 

Kemer 



KU. \ 
Kitaib. J 
K/ot*sek. 



Koek. 



{ 



Koekl. 



I 



and French grasaea. 

A Dutch botanist. 



and author of ** . 
Heeetar.** 

A Frairian botaniit 



FOR GENERIC AND SPECIFIC NAMES, ETC. clxxxvii 



I 



] 

Li*. 1 - 



Ltd. 



Lee. 



} 



L.ML 
L'S^. ) 
L'OtrU.i 



LUkeiOtto-l 
ULgtOUo, S 

LaSH. V 
VOtei 3 

fga.S 



Th« celebrated 

rtftwmarof natural hUtory. 
LaUttardHre. A French 

botaniat. 
iMotea, A l^anbh boU- 

nkt and profenor. 
Latmarck. A French bota- 
nist. 
A. B. Lmmbert, F.R.S. Pre- 

•ident of the Linnean So. 

cietj. 
La Ptffrmae. A French 

writer upon the pUnts of 

thePyrcneca. 
LairtiUe. A French entomo- 
logist 
Lawrence {Miu). An En- 

gltsh flower-painter. 
Laemamm. A German writer 

on Siberian plants. 
W. S. Leaeh. An English 

entomdof ist and author. 
LeckenaaU. A French bota. 

nist 
Ledebour. A botanist, and 

tiaveUer in Siberia. 
Lee. A nurseryman at 

Hammersmith. 
Lekmamm. A German bota. 

nist and professor at Ham* 

burg. 

A French botanist. 

A writer on Com- 

and resident at 



An American tra- 



Lejeune. 

Leuimg. 
p6sit«, 
Berlin. 

Lewit. 
▼eller. 

Lhutamttke 

C. L. VH4ritier7 A F^rench 
botanist and author. 

Lig^^oat. A writer upon 
the Scottish flora. 

Lumtnu. The celdbnted 
reformer of natural his- 
tory. 

Dr.Lindley,F.E.8.,Ae. Pro- 
fessor of botany in univer. 
sitY College, London. 

Limk. A cdd>rated Prussian 
botanist. 

Link and Oito. Two Prussian 
botanists. 



LoM. An 
plants. 



old writer upon 



Lam. Dedomg' 



S 



]■ 



McMifi. Loddiget' Celebrated 
English nurserymen and 
botanists. Hackney. 

"^Loiselenr DesloHgekampt. A 
French botanist. 

J. C. London^ P.LS.^ 4«. 
Author of this work, and 
of various works on garden- 
ing, agriculture, &c. 

LourHro. A Portuguese tnu 
veller in Cochin-china. 

Lmruens the elder. 

Lytont. Author of ** Envi- 
rons of London," Ac. 



M. 



MaegOlhrt^. A botanist, and 
editor of a small edition 
of ** Withering's BoUny," 
&e. 

Maekie. A nurseryman at 
Norwich. 

J. Main, A.L.S. A botanical 
and gardening author. 

Matpighi. A physiological 
boUaift 



Malcolm. 

Martk. 1 
MarskaU. J 
Marskam, 

Masters. 

Math. 

Mayes* 

Medik. 
Menxies. 

Mertens. 

Meper. 
Mickx. 



Miehx.JUs. 1 
Mickx. Jun. S 

Mill 
Mirb. 

MNab. 

Moc. 

Moc. et Sesse. 

Mcenck. 

Mol. 

Mor. 

Moug. et Nest. 

Mont. 

Mr. G. Undtey. 



Mtthl. 
MUhlenb 
Muhlenberg 
Munch. 



Munt. y 
Mnnting. y 
Mmrr. 

Muffs. 

Mx. 



Neck. 

Necker. 

Nee. 

Nees. 

Nees 9on 

beck. 
NciU. 



NestL 



Malcolm. Late nurseryman 
at Kensington 

Marshall. A writ«r on 
American trees. 

Marsham. An English ento- 
mologist. 

W. Makers of the Canter- 
bury Nursery. 

Mathtohu. An Italian pby. 
sician. 

Moves. A writer in the 
" West of England Journal 
of Science," &c. 

Medicus. A German botanist 
of the last century. 

Menxies. A Scotch botanist, 
and traveller roond the 
world with Vancouver. 

Mertens. A French bota- 
nist. 

Meyer. A German botanist. 

MichauT. A French botanist, 
and traveller in N. Amer.. 
and author of* Flora Bore- 
aFis Americana.'* 

Michaux the younger. Also a 
botanist and traveller In 
N. America, author of 
** Histoire des Arbres de 
1*Am€riquc.*' 

Miller. An EngUsh gar- 
dener and botanist. 

Mirbel. A French physiolo- 
gical botanist. 

ne Rev. M. J. Berkeley. 
F.L.S.f %e. An emineot 
English cryptogamist. 

M*Nab. Superintendent of 
the Edinburgh Botanic 
Garden. 

Mocino. A Mexican bota- 
nist. 

MoetHo and Sesse. Two Hex. 
lean botanists. 

Meench. .A German bota. 
nist. 

Molina. An Italian writer 
upon the natural history 
ofChUl. 

Morison. An old writer on 
Dlants. 

Mougeot, a German crypto, 
gamist ; and Nestler, a bo- 
tanist of Strasburg. 

J. Mono. An Italian bo- 
tanist 

Mr. George Lindley, late nur- 
seryman, Norwich. 

Muhlenberg. A North Ame- 
rican botanist 

Baron Otto von Munchausen. 
A German botanist 

.1 MufUing. A German bo- 
tanist 

Murray. A German bota- 
niat. 

Mutis. A Snanish botanist, 
resident in New Grenada. 

Michaux. See Miehx. 



N. 



Necker. A German writer 
upon botanical aflkirs. 

Louis Nee. A Spanish bota. 
nist 

p.^ iNees von Esenbeck. A Ger- 
**^"f man botanist. 

Dr. NeiU of Canon Mills. 
A sealous botanist, and 
promoter of horticulture. 
. Nestler. A botanist of Straa- 
bUTg. 

y« 



erg. J 



} 



dzxzviu 



U8T OF AUTHORITIES 



SoUtOe. 5 
Vdrtmka. 






OU. 
OUaktr. 

0U9. I . 
OlMer. 3 

OT 7 

Ort. S 
OUo* 



Foil 



•• ff^WW^p^W^fc 



FtTt. 

FetH Tkimmt. 

Ph. 

FkBUpg, 
FUti0. 



FokL 

Fair, 

FoU.ei 3Wfi. 
FoU, 

Fatlt. 



FrttL 
Fmer, 



K.dF, 






] 



KUboU, a French boCanict 

SolKUe. A FNDch nun^i 

ryinui* 
Noronka. A Spuitob boU. 

nitt who TUitcd MadagM- 

o«r. 
IhUtaU. A North American 

botapUt. 

O. 

Older. A Danlah botanist. 
OUaker. Formerly gafdener 

to Sir Joieph Banki. 
0a9ier. A French boCanift, 

and traTeller hi Penia. 
Opit. A German botanist. 

OrUga. A Spanish botanist 

Otto. Director of the Royal 
Botanic Garden. Berlin. 

Otto ami Ha^me. Two German 
botanists. 

P. 

FaBat, A Russian tmreller 
and naturalist 

A French nur- 



seryman. 

Farbnnm. An old botanical 
author. 

OeorfK Fem^. A botanist 
and nurseryman. 

FerrotUi, A French bota- 
nUt 

Fenoon. A French botanist 

and botanical author. 
FeidUer. Author of ** Disp. 
inaug. de IrricablUtate Anl- 
malium ct VegetabiUum." 
1697. 

Ambert dm Fetit Tkouan. A 
French botanist and bota- 
nical author. 

Funk. A Prussian botanist, 
and traTeller in North 
Ameilca. 

FkUOu. Author of **Sylra 
Floritara,"&c 

Ftin§f, An ancient natural- 
Ut and classic author. 

Fhtmkr. A French botanist, 
and traveller in the West 
Indies. 

FokL A German botanist. 

Foirei. A French botanical 
writer. 

FoUeau amd TmrpbL Fkvnch 
botanical draughtsmen. 

Foltkk. A German writer 
on the phmu of the Palati- 
nate. 

J. Foitt. A collector of 
plants in China. 

FcmrreL A French bota- 
nist 

FretL A Bc^emian botanist 

FwrmrL A professor at Co- 
penhagen. 

Fursk. A Prussian botanist, 
and traveller in N<nrth 
America. 

R. 

Smkt and Faifom. Spanish bo- 
tanists, and travellers in 
Peru and Chile. 



tanical author. 



A bo- 



Author of "In. 
dn PlantarumcAclnalhim 
Uortt Ch aha an I," Ac ]7». 



Ratxebitrg, - 

Ay. 

Beb. 



R. Br. 
M. Brtfum. 



\ 



Red, 7 

BedomU. J 
Beiek. 

Benmdi. 

BeneaiUm, 

Belz. 
Asyis. 

McM. - 

Bickardt. 7 
Biekmrdtom. y 



BiMto. 

B&btft T. FwHce. 

iloia. 

Bockel. 

BSm.etSekuU. 7 
Btem.etSekuU. J 

Boll 

Bomddt. . 

BoumUul er. 

Bott. 



fUifxebwg. An entomo- 
logist 

Jbkm Ray. A c e l e b r a ted bo- 
tanist uid naturalist 

J F. Bebentiteh. A German 
botanist 

Dr. Robert Brown^F.B.^t tfc 
A distinguished English 
botanist and traveller in 
New Holland. 

Bedtmii. A French bota- 
nical draughtsman. 

Beichenbaeh. A German bo- 
Unist 

Benatilt. A French botanical 
writer. 

P. Beneaulme. Author of 
" Specimen Historia Plan- 
tarum.** 1611. 

BettHu. A German bota. 
nist 

Bfpnier. A botanist of Lau- 
sanne 

Biekard. A French botanist. 

Dr. Biekardsom. A traveller 
in the northern parts of 
British America, and au- 
thor of the Appendix on 
Natural History to Frank- 
lin's •• Travels." 

Biiso. An Italian writer 
upon oranges. 

Bobert T. Pkiee of the Ex- 
eter Nursery. 

Robton. An ^gUsh bota- 
nist 

RockeL Superintendent of 
the garden at Pesth. 
Rctttter, a German bota- 
nist : and SektUtn, a Bava- 



nuraeryinan 



rian botanist. 

ReUin$<m. A 
near London. 

RonaUi. A nurseryman at 
Brentford. 

Roum&tder. A German en- 
tomologist 

Rottler. A German misaion- 



JtsMWdi&ns 

ClemetUe, 
Rosb. 



I 



Bwdtte. 

BudoipkL - 

RmhetFav. 
JbdaetPawm. 

Rutt. 



Sab. 7 
Sabime. j 



SaL 7 
SaUAS 
Sahm. 



SauH, 



ary. 
A S|»anish botanist 

ilojrterfl. An Indian bbCa- 

nlst 
Dr. Rogle, F.RS,Jke., Vrof. 

of Matlfed. In kTu^ Col- 
lege. Author of ** Ittwtn. 

tions of the Natural His. 

tory and Botany of the 

Himalayas,*' &c. 
Rudge. An English writer 

upon botanical subjects. 
Rudolpki. A German crjp- 

togunic botanist 
7i?tM'x ami Fawon. Spanish 
5 botanists, and t r a velle rs in 

Peru and Chile 
Rmmpkius. Author of ** Her- 

barium Amboinensis.*' 
Rutsell. A botanist of 

Aleppa 



S. 



J. Sabiite, F.it.&,4c A greet 
encourager of natural his- 
tory, botany, and garden- 
ing. 

Salmmrif. An 
Ush botanist 

g ela wio ni i. Author of ** Emi. 
meratio Plantanun rarlo- 
rum, quaa collMlt** ISUL 

SamamdU. A Britkh enlo- 
mologiBt and anthor. 

Soma, An Italian botaalat 

8m9i. AallaliaftbManM. 



YOR OXNBRIC AND SPECIFIC HAMES, ETC. clxxxix 



€tCkam 



i 



} 



J 



AMA. 



8aL 



4^Aifr. 



i 



J- 

8le9. et Fitch. 



A Oennan writer 
upoo J'KingL 

Afe md Deppe. Writen 
OB tk« botanv of Mexico. 

A 9wii» plant 



Swt. 
Sua. 
SmtartM, 



] 




ScMtcktfdnkl A celebrated 
Oenaao botasUt. 
.' Sckkekttmdakl and ChamUto. 
Two 0«nnan boUnitta. 
adUeidm. A SwiM plant- 
collector. 
SckmidL A Gennan botani- 
cal autfaor. 
8ekmte90egt. Author of 
"looncs Flantarum rario- 
mm.'* Haarlem, 1793. 
SekoUr. A Ruadan physician. 
Sckonierg. A German bota- 

nift. 
SckotL A traveUer in Bratil. 
Schouahoe. A writer upon the 

Flora of Morocca 
JdkoMWL A celebrated Daniih 
botanist, and professor at 
D^wnhagen. 
ackrudtr. A German bo- 

Uniat. 
Sekrtmk. A Bavarian bo. 

Unist 
Sekreber. A German bo- 
tanist. 
Sekmbert, A Polish boUnist 
SdmUet. A Bavarian, bo. 

tanist. 
Sckmmaeker. A Danish bo- 
tanist 
SchweinitL An American 

botanist 
Sc9poli, An ItalUn botanist 
D. Scolder. Professor at 

DubUn. 
Secmdat. A French natu- 
ralist. 

Seringc A Swiss botanbt 

Skwret. A French writer on 
agriculture. 

Sibtkorp. An English bota- 
nist, and professor of botany 
at Oxford, traveller in 
Greece, and author of 
••Flora Gr«ca.»* 

SMer. A botanical collector. 

fife6oU(Dr.Mm). A Bavarian 
botanist, who has imported 
many valuable plants from 
Japan. 

Sinen. A German botanist. 

Stmt. An English garden 
botanist. 

Sir J. B. SmUh. Founder of 
the lAn. Soc., and author 
of several botanical works. 

SmiUt. Nurseryman of Ayr. 

SoiandfTt A Swedish bo- 
tanist, and companion of 
Sir Joseph Banlu in Cooli*s 
voyage round the world. 

Sarnm^ek. A German writer 
on.J^ongl. 

Somlamge-Bodin. A French 
botanut and horticulturist. 

Somerty. An ^glish bota- 
nlcaldraughtsman. 

Spmter. The celebrated poet. 

Steele^ A writer in the 
** Gardener's Magastne." 

Stepkent. A Britisn entomo. 
legist 

SU9€n, A Russian botanist 

Steven and Pitcher. Russian 

botanists. 
Sioh^ An English pbTsician. 
Sirmbo. The geofrapber. 
Sinmtt, A German botanist. 



Taber%, 

Tate. 

TaMtch. 
Ta». 

Ten. \ 
Tenore.y 
Thetmh. 
Thib. 

Thomp. 
TAoMpsoiB. 



} 



Thore. 
Thorp. 
Thouin. 

ThuiUier. j ' 
Thun. \ 
Thunb. J 
Tighe. 
7Wo. 

r. Veet ab E. 

Ttide. 

Torreif, 

Toum. 

Trag, 
Trot. 
Turner. 
Turp. 



] 



Sweet. An EngHsb botnM. 
Swartx. A Swedish botanist, 
' and traveller in the Wwi 
Indica. 



Vahl. 
Fail. 

Vent. 

Vnt. 

vm. 

Fiilart. 
rUmorin, 

Vkrg, 
Vitm. 

riv. 



W. - 

Wahlenb. 

naitx 

WmL '7 - 
Waldtt.i 
Waldti. et Kit. 



r. 



A Ger- 



Tabem^tfnontanmt. 
man botanist 

Tate. Nurseryman, SUmum 
Street, Chelsea. 

Tautch. A German botanist 

Tavemier. A traveller in 
the East 

Tenore. A Neapolitan bo- 
tanist 

Jhe(^rattut. 

Thibaud De ChaneaUm, A 
French botanist 

Robert Thompton. Superln. 
tendentofthe fhiit depart- 
ment in the Chiswlck Gar. 
den. 

Thore, A French botanist 

Thoru. A French botanist 

Thomn. A French botanist. 

ThuHMer, A French botanist 

Thunberg. A Swedish bota- 
nical traveller. 

Tighe. An English poet. 

Thieo. A professor at Pa- 
lerma 

T. Neet ab Ssenbeck. A 
German botanist 

Tode. A German writer on 
F&ngi. 

Torrep, An American bo- 
Unist 

T\jmm^ort. An old French 
botanist, and traveller in 
Greece and Asia fiilnor. 

Tragnt or Boch. A Gtman 
botanist 

Trattinih. A botanist oT 
Vienna. 

Dr. Turner. A British bo- 
tanist and author. 

T^rp. A French botanist and 
draughtsman. 



V. 

FahL A botanical author. 

VaiUani. A French botanist 
and travdler. 

VentenaL A Flrench bo- 
Unist 

Vett. A Styrtan boUnist 

ViUart. A French botanist 

Vihnorin. A nurseryman and 
botanist at Paris. 

VirgU. 

Vitmann. A .German bo- 
Unist 

Viviani, An lUUan botanist 



W. 

Willdenow. A German bo- 
tanist, and editor of an edi- 
tion of Linnsras's '* Species 
Flanurum,*' Ac. 

Wahlenberg. A Swedish bo- 
Unist 
WdUz. A Gennan ooueetor 
of roses. , ^ 

Waldttein. A noble Gennan 
patron of boUnr. 

WtddttetnandKitaibeL Au. 
thon of the ** Flora of Hon. 
gary.- 



€XC 



UST OS BOOKS REFERRED TO.^ 



WttL 

WaOr, 

WaU. 

W.eiN. 






W.B, 



] 



I 



WeOe. 

Wetke et Nea* 
Wend. 
WemdL 



Dr,WMtr. A Scolcb writer 
on plantii 

WamA, SuMrintCDdMit of 
thetwtanlcal gBrden at CaL 
eutta. 

Waltroa. A Oennan bo- 
tanift 

WaUer. A writer on the 
** Flora of Carolina.** 

WeikeamdNees. Oennan wri- 
ters on iSiibL 

Wmgenkeim. AOemanbo- 
tanitt 

Waitom. An Enriith writer 
upon trect and uinibi. 

W.ihrrer,F.L.S, Aoelcbrated 
English botanist, and writer 
upon English ]dants, more 
especially willows. 

Weike. A Oennan writer on 
AhbL 

Weike amd Neet. Two Oer- 
nun writers on RtltiL 

J. W. F. Wenderotk. A Ocr. 
man botanist 

WmdUmd. A German gar- 
den botanist 



Wetiw, 



W, Hendtrmm. 
WkUkf. 

Wiek9. 

WlUd. 
Wimek, 



WUk. 

Wood, 7 
Woods. S 
Wormtk. 

Wmft. 

Zegk, 
Zmee, 



J. 0. Wealmood, P.L.S. An 
eminent English entomo- 
logist and secretary to the 
Lond. Ent. Soc 

W. Hemdermm. Crum Castle. 

WUilep. A nuiseryman at 
Fulnsm. 

WkkOrom. A Oennan bo- 
tanist. 

Wineki A botanist, and writer 
on the flora of Northum- 
berland and Durham. 

WUAering An EngUsh bo- 
tanist. 

Woods. An English writer 
on roses. 

WormskioU, A Danish bo- 
unlit 

Wuffen, A German botanist. 

Z. 

SSewher. A German gar. 

oener. 
Zmeeagnl Superintendent of 

the Botanic Garden at 

Florence. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO, 

THE TITLES OF WHICH ARE ABRIDGED IN THE TEXT. 



Thm number ftalkminf each contracted title refers to the page in which the book is flnt cited. 



A. 

MkUdmg der deuiseken Hobutrten, 4e. 190. F. Guimpel, C. L. Willdenow, and F. 0. Hayne, 

AbbiUung der deutsehen Holnrten, Ac. Berlin, 1880. 4to, pi. 216. 
jUbOdamg dtrfttmdtn *• DeulseMkmd ausdamerndem Hoixarten. ifc. 19a F. Guimpel, AbUldun- 

gen der flremden in Deutschland ausdauemden Holsarten, mit Angabe der Cultur ron F. OtiOb 

und Beschreibung Ton F. G. Hayne Berlin. ' 1819^1825. 4to, 
Abb, Insi. 1877. See Abbott amd 8mHk*s Naturai Histarm <^ Georgia. 
Abb, amdSmUk, Ins. qf Georgia. 1659. See Abbott and Smith's Natmral Historp <f Georgia. 
Abbott and SmOh's Insects qf Georgia, 1418. See AbboU and Smitk^s Naturai HMorg of Georgia, 
Abbott and amUh*s Natural IBstortf qf Georgia, 16S& AbboU and Smith's NatiuralHistory of the 

LepMopterous Insects of Georgia. London, 1797. St vols. fol. 
AbeTs Ckin. 59L Personal Obsenrations made during the Progress of the British Embaasy to 

China, and on its Voyage to and from that Country in the years 1816 and 1817. By Clerk Abel. 

Lond. 1818. 4ta 
Abkand. KSnig. Akad. Wissens. BerUm, S29S. Abhandkingen der Pbysikalischen Kasse der KSMf. 

Ucb-Preusslsehen Akademie der Wissenschaflen aus den Jahren 1890 und 189t Berlin, 1888L 4tOi 
Ae e o unt of the Larch Ptantations on tbe Estates of Atkoi and Duidteid. 2858. A Paper published In 

the Transactions of the Highland Society of Soocland, toI. xt p. 169. 
Aekar. Acad. Handl 797. Acharius in Kte^L Vetenskape.AcademlensHandlinger. 1741, and con* 

ttnued. 8Ta 
Aeh. Rich. Monogr. 18SL Richard (A.), Monographiede la FamiUedesEOiagntes. Paris. 189S. 41a 
Aeh, 8ifn. 1976L Erik Acharius, Synopsis Methodica Lichcnum. ststens omnes hiOus Ordinis na. 

turalis detectas Plantas, quas, secundum Genen, Species, et Varietates, disposuit, Ae. Urndss, 

1814. 8to. 
A CoUecUon of Roses ftvm Nature. 740. A Collection, Ac, by Miss Lawrence. Lond. 179a 

IbLpl. 90. 
Act, Haarlem. 187& VerhandeUngen uitgegeeven doorde Hollandie Maatschappy der WeeCenschap- 

pen te Haarlem. Haarlem. 1754, and oontinued. 8va 
Act Nat SeruL Beri. 471. BescbifUgungen der BerUnischer Gesdlschaft Naturfbrschender F^cunde. 

Berlin, 1775, and continued. Sra 
ifcf. Fetron. 1291. Commentarii Acidemia Sdentiarum Imperialis PetropoUtana. FetrepoH. 

1798—1751. 14T0ls.4ta ^^* 

Act. Aoc JBolee. 2065. Verhandelingen van het Bataaftch Genootschapp der Proeftrndtrrinddyke 

wysbegeeite te Rotterdam. Botterdam. 1774, and continued. 4ta 
Act. Baec IbHSL Acu Uteruia Sueda. Upiel. 1720, Ac 4ta 

Adasss. Fam, 298L Families des Plantes, Ac By Michael Adanson. PatU, 17691 2 vols. Sva 
A Deseriptionqftke Genus Pious, 2104. A Description, Ac By Aylmer Bourke Lan^bert, F.KJl, 

PrasL of the Lin. Soc, Ac Lond. 1809L Iblia AseoofidTonimeinl8S9. fiillo; andaneweifc* 

CloiKkilStf; intvoli.8vo: athiidvoLinlSSMnMla 




LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CXCl 

▼tagiri JEmM. Drydcn's TruuiatUm. Cuty*» cd. Load 180& 9 vola. Sra 

' FrmaUte, Mee$twUkeem$eke Boomem en Ueetteri, Ac. IftH By J. C KnuiM. 
1802. Royal 4Co, pL Utt ^^ 

JUk. AoK. Amc. 'TemL 769. Afkdius (Ad.), I)e Riwis Suecanto Tentamina. Uptal, 1801—1807. Mo. 
4^*^ 9f nmmm. 1796. A General View of the Agriculture of Hampthire, focludinf the lale of 

Wi^bt. By Charlea Vaoooarer. London, 181& 8to. 
.j g rkm h , Mmmmmt S157. Tbe AgriculturiaC** Manual ; being a flunlliar DeKripClon of the Agrlcttl. 

tarsi Flanli cuhirated In Europe, including Practical OlMenrationt, ftc By P. Lawion and Son. 

Ksiiidl 1896. Stol 
ito^^nA qf Cfyindaie, 991 J. Naismith'a Agricultural Surrey of the County of aydewiale. Load. 

nnSL 8ro. 
Jgriemitmrml Report. 2987. See Napier's CoUmiei. 
JgrtemUmrml Beportjbr the Commit <^ Durktun. 1401 Bailey's General View of the Agriculture of 

I>uriiun, ftc. Lond. 1811. 8yo. 
ML Bort. Kern. 1892L W. Alton** Hortui Kewensia. A Catalogue of FlanU Cultivated in th« 

Royal Garden* at Kew. Lond. 1810. 5volc 8va 
JOk. Aemd, Jtm. 297. Albinus (B.), Academicarum Annotationum Libri 8. Leyden, 1754—17831 4to. 
^ Letter em ike Aeaeia, 615. By Dr. Pulteney, publitbed in the Oentleman^s Magasine for 1801. 

p. 109& 
Mes. TWnr. 9467. TraTeli from India to England. By J. K Alexander. Lond. 18S7. 4ta 
J%rML QmrtetueiL 1211. AUgemeine Gartenieitung. By F. Otto and I>r. Dietrich. Berilo. 

Begun in 1892, and continued. 
AM. Fed, 291 Allionl (C), Flora FedemonUna, sive Enumeratio methodica Stirpiuin indlgenanim 

FMemontiL Aug. Taur. 1785. 9 toIi. foL pL 92. 
il0*« WeU that EmdaWelL 48& One of Shakfpeare'f pUya. 
Aipi. Eg. 526. Prosier Alpinus, De Plantii iEgypti Liber. VeneUia, 1502. 4ta 
J^ EkoL 43a Alpinus (P.), De PlantU Exoticii Ubri 2. Edidit (A.) Alpinua. VeneUif. MBS, 4la 
Aipim. Ent. 1912. Id. De Plantii Exoticis, libri duo. Venetii«,:i629. 4lo. 
Am. Acad. 1706L Ancenitatei AcademicK leu Dissertationet vaf is Phyiioe, Ac. By Linnaraa and 

bis Pupilc Erlangeo. 1790. 10 toIs. 
Ameemttates Eeotiete. 2105. See K^tmpfer's, ^. 
AtnenL Qmer. 1741. See AmcenUatea QMeraede. 



Qmemem. 1722. By the late Professor Burnet, published in Nos. 5. and 6. of Buimas^k 

EUlodendron. 1893. folia 
American Gardener's Magazine. 1957. The American Gardener's Bfagaxine and Register of all 

useAil Discoveries and Improvements in Horticulture and Rural Affkirs. Conducted by C. M. 

Horey and P. & Horey, Jun. Boston. Begun 1895, and continued in monthly Nos. 8Ta 
Aa»eriean Museum. 288. The American Museum, a Repository of Fugitive Pieces in Verse and 

PRMe Philadelphia, 1790—1792. 8va 
Amseriean Onuihotoau. 86. By Alexander Wilson. Lond. 1892. 9 vols. 8vo. 

er. Lffc. N. H. t^New York. 704. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural HUtory of New York. 

New York, 1824w and continued. 8? a 

erieam S^lwa. 189. An English translation of Michaux*s Histoire des Arbres Forestien de 

I'Am^rique Septentrionale. Paris, 1817. 
Ruih, 631. See Ammann*s Stirp. Ruth. 

__mis Stirp. Ruth. 689. Ammann (Johan.), Stirpium rarlorum in Imperio Rutheno sponte pio- 

venientium Icones et Descriptiones. Petrop. ]799. 4io. 
Amulet. 1890. An annual publication, edited by & C. HalL Lond. 189a 12ma 
Amalts de las Ciemc. Nat. 1942. See Anales de las dencias Naturales. 

de las deneias Naturales. 19i5i Madrid, 1796^1804. 7 vols. En la Imprenta ReaL 

Amtmmn near the Rhine. 2115. Lond. 8va 

MS. 1552. Gea Anderson, Esq., Tooley Street and North Mimms, Herts. 

_ Bot Rep. 240. The Botanist's RepiDsitory for New and Rare Plants. By H. C. Andrewa. 

Land. 1797, et seq. 10 vols. 4to. 
Heaths. 1081. Coloured Engravings of Heaths, with boUnical descriptions. Id. Lond. 

1808^1809. 9vols.foL 
Jtm. Bart Soc. Par. S78. See Annates de la SocUU d'Hort., 4c. 
Amleit. die Bdume und Strauche Oeslerreiehs, 4rc. 2201. Gemeinflusliche Anleitung die Baume und 

StriUiehe Oesterreiohs aus den Blattem su erkennen. Von Frans H5ss. Vienna, 189a ISma 
Jimalesde.Chimie. 1459. Annates de Chimie et de Physique Par MM. Gay^Lussac et Aiago. 

Commenced in 1816. 8va 
Amm. *Bart. 2409. See Annales de la SodfU d* Horticulture de Pan's. 
AnmmUsd'HorL de Paris. 13& See Annales de la SodiU d" Horticulture de Paris. 

de la Sociitid' Horticulture de Paris. 143L In monthly Nos. 8va 18i?7, and continued; 

amounting, in 1897. to 21 vols. 8va 

rsales de Fromont. 1959. Annales Horticoles de Fromont Paris. In monthly Nos. 8vo. Com- 
menced in 1829. 
Atmmles de Plnttitut de Fromont. 140. See Annales de Fromont. 
Ammatrs de la Soc EntomoL de France. 1818. Annales de la Soci6t£ Entomologique de France. 

Commenced in 1892. 8va 
imtmlT du Mu$ie. 2485. Annales du Museum d*Histoire Naturelle. Paris. 8va Begun in 

1B02, and continued. 
Amsales du Museum. 195. See Annales du Musie. 
Annales du Museum de Paris. 21(». See Annales du Musie. 
Ammales PorestUres. 1997. Annales Forestiires ; faisant suite au Memorial Forestier. Paris. Begun 

In 1808, and continued. 8va 
Anmmls qfthe Museum. 2104. See Annales du Musie. 
Amm. dm. Mus. d'Hist. Nat. de Paris. 424. See Annates du Mus^. 
Ants. Lgc. 661 . See Annals of the Lyceum cff Natural History qf New York. 
Amm. qf Bot. 1594w Annals of BoUny. By C. K&nig and J. Sims. Lond. 1805, 1806. S 

vols. 8vo. 
Se. Nat. 714. See Annales des Seiencest ice. 

OUe Thri/te newly revived, i[c. 83(i. A black letter tract, published In 1612. 

r*s {M. d*) Cynipologie du Chine rouge, in the Nouv. Joum, de Pl^sique. 1821 See Nomm, 

Jmttimtry, Iu21. One of Sir Walter Scott's Novdt. 



CXCU U8T OV BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

duUffdUtt ^tke Oommm People. 511. Boorne^t (H.) AntiqulUtfli VolgArw, or AntiquUiw of the 

UMnmon People. Newcastle, 1785. 8vo. 
Am, qf the Jews. 528. HydrioUphia, Ac, together with the Garden of Cjnu, or QuincuDcial, 

LoMOge, or Network PUntatkMi, of the Ancients, artificially, naturally, and mytttcally considered. 

By Sir niomas Browne, M.a Lond. 1684. 8va ^ ,,^ 

A Peaumt^i Voice to Landowner*, ontkebetl Means qf ben^ting Agricultural Labourers^ ^e, 1888. 

By Ux, John Demon, sen. Cambridge and Load. 183a 8Ta 
ApoOoaiae Rkodhu, 1725. Apoltonii Rbodii Argonautica. 1st ed. Floient 1406—1408. 4ta 
Jbamenii* to Captain Franklin' t Toitr to the North Pole. 2311. By Or. Richardson and J. Sabine, 

Esq. Lond. 182S. 4ta 
ArduMoaia. 2a Archseologia ; or. Miscellaneous Tracts relating to Antiquity. Ixmd. 1779—1824. 

20TOIS. 4ta 
ArekmoL Attic. 1724 Rous (F.), Archaolo^ Attlcsi libri tIL Oxon. 1637. 4ta 
Archery Revived. S084. See Shotterel and Dur/ey*t Archery, S;c. 
Arehitei annueliei de la Nomtandie. 1774. Caen, 1824. 
Arch. Mag. 23. The Architectural Magailne, Ac. Conducted by J. C. lioudon, F.L.S., &c Lond. 

18S4w In monthly Nos. 8to, continued. 
Ard. Mem. 533. Pietro Arduini, Memoria di Ossenraaiooi edi Sperienxe sopra U Coltura e gU Usi di 

varie Piante. Padora, 1776L 4to. 
Anui't Hiit. qf Edin. 95. AmoC*s HUtory of Edinburgh. Edin. 177a 4ta 
Agmotenn Appendix to Bay't Uietoria Intectorwn. 148a See Bay. _ , , 

Aslat. Research. 1930. Asiatic Researches ; or. Transactions of the Society instituted in Bengal, for 

enquiring into the History, the Antiquities, the ArU and Sciences, and Literature of Asia. 

Calcutta, 17&^ continued. 
At. Jour. 2111. The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register Cor British and Foreign India, China, 

and Australia. In monthly Noa. 8vo 
Atn Ar.. 587. See Ammo Syn. Arr. 
Auo Syn. Arr. 531 Ignatius De Asso, Synopsis Stirpium indigenarum Arragonisr. BfarsllMB, 

1779. 4ta 
Athenaeum. 1774. A weekly publication, on Literature and Art Lond. 
A Topographical and Historical Description of Suffblh. WO. 1829. 
A Treatise on the Common Acacia. 614. Bordeaux. 1763. Pamph. 

Auetuarium ad Floram Pedemontanam. 913. Carolus Allioni. Taurini, 1789. 8va 1 fasc 
AndiAon's Birds of America. 1729. The Birds of America, Ac, ft-om Drawings made during a 

Residence of Twenty.flve Years in the United SUtes and its Territories. By J. J. Audubon. 

1888, Ac. Atlas foUa 

B. 

SiUleyfs Survey of Durham. 2aS20. See Agrienitural Report for the County of Durham. 
Balk. Cat. Tour. 690. Balbis (J. B.), Catalogi Horti Botanici Taurinensis, 1805^1813. 8Ta 
BmnM. Cat. SHrp. Virg. 1864 Herbarium Virginianum ; or, an Account of such Plants as J. 

Banister sent the Designs of to the Bishop of London published in James Petiver's Mcmolxte 

for the Curious. 1767 . 
Jfonit. Uerb. 1149. The Banksian Herbarium, now in the British Museum. 
BanJkt Icon. Kmmxf. 126a Josephus Banks, Icones selects Plantarum quas in Japonia collegft ei 

dellneaTlt R Kiempfer. Lond. 1791. Fd. 
Barrel. Icon. 322. See BarreUer Planttt, ^. 
BarreUer Ohservaite, 4v. 2402. See BarreUer PlanUe, 4-c. 
BarreHar Planus per Gatliam., ifc. 2402. Plantae per Galltam Hispaniam et Italiam obserratsa. 

By Jacob BarreUer. Paris, 1714 Fol. 
Bart. Ft. Fir. 503. Barton (W. P. C), A Flora of North America. Philadelphia, 1831. 8tol 
at. 2509. Bartling (F. T.), Ordines Naturales PlanUrum, eorumqu 



Ord. Nat. 2509. Bartling (F. T.), Ordines Naturales PlanUrum, eorumque Characteres ct 

AiBnitates : adjecti Oenerumque Enumerationc; Getting. 183a 8vo. 
Bartram*s Travels. 977. Travels through South and North Carolina. By William Bertram. Pkl> 

ladelphla, 1791. 1 rol Sro. 
Bartram TVov., ed Germ. 995. William Bartram's Rlesen durch Nord- und Sud-CaroIiDa, ans den 

EMlischen von E. A. W. Ziramermann. BeroL 1793. 8vo. 
Ba$L Ess. 768. Essid sur la Flore du Dipartement de Maine et Loire. By T. Basurd, or Batard. 

Angers, 1809L 12mo. 
Bast. Supp 768. See Batard St^tpL 
Batard avppL 763. Supplement k TEsaal iur la Flore du D^rtement dc Maine et Loire. Id. 

Angers, 1812. 1 flue, 12mo. 
Bat. FL Main. 767. See Bast. Ess. 
BaL FL Main, et Loire SuppL 772 See Batard Suppl. 
Bath Soe. Pap. 840. See AiM Society's TVansacUons. 
Bath Soc. Papers. 1641. See Bath Societ^s Transactions. 
Bath Agricultural Society's Papers. 155a See Bath Soeiety*s Transactions. 
Bath Society's Transactions. 2381. Letters and Papers of the Bath Agricultural Society. Ac. Bath. 

1792, conUnued. 8va 15 toU. to 1838. 
Batseh. Cont. 214a Elenchus Fungorum. By A. J. O. C. Batsch. Halse. 3 fasc i, 1788 : U. 1786: 

iii, 1789 4to. » . -» . 

BaudrilL Traits, ^c. 421. Baudrillart, one of the authors of Trait6 G6n(ral des Eaux et Fathts^ 

Chasscs, et Ptehes. Paris, 1825. 5 vols. 4ta 
Bauh. (J.) Hist. 54a Historia Plantarum universalis. By J. Bauhin. EbrodunL 1690, 165L 

3 vols, folio. 
Bauh. Pin. 297. Pinax Theatri Botanici. By C. Bauhin. Basilese. Ed. 1.. 1683: ed. &. 

1671. 4to. 
Baum. Cat. 675. CaUloi^i Horti Bollwylleriani. By the brothers Baumann. 1810—1814. Baumann*s 

Catalogue for 18J8 forms an article in an Appendix to this Arboretum. 
Ba»t. Brit. Ft. PI. 829. British Phsenoeamous Botany; or. Figures and Descriptions of the Genera of 

British Flowering PlanU. By W. Baxter, A.L.S., Curator of the Oxford Botanio Garden. 

Oxford. In monthly Nos. 8to. 3 vols, published in 1837. 
Beauties qf England, Dorsetshire. 36. See Beauties <^ England and Wales. 
Beauties qf England, Kent. 24. See Beauties of England and Wales. 
Bemutiet qfEngUmd and Wales, Shropshire. 1768. The Beautiei of England and Wales ; or, DcUo*- 



LIIT OP BOOKS nZTCRRXD TO> CXCIU 

^■■^ tkpMKU!^ BWofhal, ml DcKiipun. sT «ch CimtT. Br Jgbe BfttIM, FAA. 

kc, IM £ K. birltT- Lond. Bieun in I^I.mihI ■ >o<UIIwntb»AcdTiulj. Sro. 
Ant* Mm*. Jn. BKliiwtDiJ. M.). FnnuiafHit.fte. Oulii, IWl. ■». 
i<g *i * M •< SdiaH b ii a rt Kti. lia. IHIB. BcchiUIn and sckuftnbwi, Vnltmnian Sumt*- 

-'-'Wk dMSSidllan FoM iDHCIcn. Ltlnl*. IHM. a^ak — 



r. ^ A 



B7 JstaB 



*- rW. i^. &4, ion. Voiue to (be 

XtfBlmaBMtBi9»-lau.laUt.lii. , 

SAuy'i Hiilam li Kete NampiMlrt. 3Wi. Ucltnai^ iimay), DscrtpOsB 
MauBIatu in Nn Uunrahiic, in TtuiMet. sf Uie Anwr- FhU, toe, toI. U. 

»*t J!r»- n. rrJrm. 7S9. S« BtUariHAfp. oil R Pn(. 

MULtrJidm^. oJ A. /■m. 13U. .4|.|«>dim ul Flnrmin PrirniontMim. 17W uil 1 7M. »«. 

ntnvBitalar Bdkn. PuilJ ISM.^'ili/" "' ^'" ' "^ 
!•«. S^tf. 17*9. Cbhi IJiilllu), CD^mwnUrti dc BfUs Odlso. 

A«M.Oti. Mat. BaUDSliOiMmUaHBltiCluUnHiauuBLIbri K. UOS. FoLpl.W. 
kn^n. Cn. UMD. DbkiIiiUobh FlBUmu » ci^ Booa^^. Bj P. J. Btn^- Mock. 

At*. £•« n init Volume V. Piit II. or Saltb-i aiflUh Florik B; thi Bcr. H. J. BMfedn, 
■LA. Land. MM Wn. 

ant. Has. BR. Bctu^is Hss. 

JWiH«*r^ ITniiMlr UO BnVnlKbc BunMocM, oliT BBrhTrlbiiiit *K In KBuMIAn Ba. 
noivkn Ouuo tel BsUii Im Frthn uuduwrniliB Bum lu^ Suiiurtn, Ac Vm CM Lud- 

- " " '" "'" Bt a. 



•iMmiA Jlsra AatfH. IM B«bil«iii(.v.) Hon IUUcl BohUm, t8»-UI 

Bat SSn. Eua. Knt. Orrf. TM. Honui Eritrilenili. Br BiuUlui Barier. Nunnbn 
Mm. Cb. Hrl- Crrm. TEB. CM>k«u Hon) Il«>in«i Wolh^nlntii CroBmlcl 
^Hir Mm. n. FtUfn. lan. Sk Mrmrr Em-m. /"J. rM., Ifi. 
ilMr XMUH. CaW- &U. Btt Baur Emm. n.Fail.,^c. 

Bow boAe. 1SP6. Si* &!■». /•rin. Ft OeJ. 

ftu. A*a. /t. Ool. Tn. PrlnUUa FiDm Billclic. Id. 'nniu, ISOa. SnlLltno, 
.■BBi Tm^ii III! ISK. Arsr Birkiiuimt,publlditalteli»ni ]«nind lUC^alihMliHO 
Uliutnldl br text! or gchjKun. 






JfctTcnui ri'KarV in!S.~CHri~u7iir PUniuiiu tiirl «um RaiuiBliUli 



BMIMI't^v UiuttrHlU il Qntwt. lfi£ UfHH, a>o. 
.»». Oup. tea. BaKknibiieidrfUuHlenwiichaidm FmnnTenk u 
B» 1. B. V. K^iAill de F" - _ . . 



A4. d^a. ffil. ¥)«■ TmuncD-Ciuiaria. vm. lit, KB SupcJanntuin. 14. Cbukw. UI& troL 

a^ila^l Acnmli^lU Planti ^ BotloitmiiU Vicimltt. ISA IBV4. 

B^irin-l JiKT. Alt. 1019. Ameku Mtdlal BaUgf. Bt J. BlfttoK. BotOD, l»7_Iin. 

BM- R AM 97i. FloniU BoHonitnili M Boston, IglL 8(0, 

jfi<£ «M. Be<. 1017. S«BiMnii'*.<wr. Baf. 

jSriaw-i Mrtf. Bn. M& Bae^toBim'f ^aur. BM. 

Bk- Mr*. Bm. Ul. Ha* Bm»-> Jaw. JM. 

SUMl't M<«. 4c. 1M7. Uonli BlrkbRk"! Kotn on • Journe; Id AiHrica, Oon tba Ceaat el 

VlnbilitoUieTntltori or UllnoliL Loidon, IBllt »'0. _ 

Jto. A. Mc. Wn/. fiS. MlTpiiw rarlonim In Kkdlia pmndfuUum Kaalp. Piwra. UU-M*. 

Mmk. Brr*. 3\*. A curloua Hntal ; Rait^nl>i| 600 Cula of Ui« UieAil FtKta. Bj EkBbalh 

Blackwall Lomlon, 1737. S Toll. fol. 
am. A*« toe ■« JB«4. Hrri. 
£i,j^idi S\,r/M. jl. [>uy toHirili a ToDognphleal Hiatorr af Ibe Coonlr ^ IfcrMk, bj llw 

BtfrlF^. Ft. Grrm. iW Blu'tTrl F)nnii)utb't Fin Ocnnanlii. Norimb. U£&. Ita*. 

.BbaaJM^. SW. tet Blimi XMiIt . Fl Ind. 

Mmu. ^blt. Ft. 1ml. fflj. B^iagcD lot 4* Fkn tan HdtflandKha IndUi. Bf C. I. Blum*. 

BauvU, IB^, l&W. 
Itr FlTJti I9.1S. Flora JiTB cl Inulaium ad^oatlm. Bj C. L. BIubh and J. & FlaAa. 

Brulellii, IKS. Fol. 
lU^n-t Hat. PI. Oku. a. CiUIdkui Hartl Botanld Ounlanili, Ac. B; D. BateM aad W. 

Brmmi, A.IL Oionll, IILK. lama, 
fccr. Mnm. Mo. MuHomPiinlFiarcdalUt ScOla, Ualta, ConLca, lUUa. F1eBUBU,a Oarainla. 

Bl pMllo SeccoDE. VriiHia, 107. Ua. 
Aw. au. al& Icona at DompilDDai luMna FUntana SalUB, MaHta, OiUK at IiiUa Id. 

UM. lot. 4U. ,. , ... 



LIST OF BOOKB REFERnED TO. 



Banbun Lofd.B*!. 179). 1 
JWr*. I.mfd. MB. lata PUnUnua qua In Uono AaO. Lugduno-BiUTc 

t^lwKlItT CaultfMi. lit. Sh SnM. CM. 

ArifTnH. 18». AnHJdDfTDfFuniiiKiinnriBtlliaal HiUbl. BfJu 

AwtMw'i N/iw^ mr wk f rfwsM» ttfin* Bcii, 4c. un. Full. 




JtoMl. n. Aar. Ul. DwTlpii 

BoDpUod. ParU, l8U-|gia. .^. 
Bum SUH. ins. A Fmeh nmadlal. 
Aul <ir Tnda. M%. ninkfoR, 185*. 
Jbnt. Ate. 7M. BodiKibunc dtr to d« Hoioi-DKinMiidUacbai Ltndni Im Fnini VKhMDdM 

RidHiWn. a* U . B. BorLinuwi. FrmHsr. Hitn. IHJU. »ro. 
Aw ^c<. Spc. Htif. mr. Pm-. seS. Junm dc li SaelUt d'Uiitciln Mitunllr de PalU. Full, 

Smb £><<. f'Agrie. 791. Nounui Coun complM d'Att'CuIlun thioriquc cl pHtiqiit. Mcv 



I, Eiq., F.I..a, 

a, CWhfiv, tfotf £^K of tke rreMlal Pari ^ the PlanU, Fartipt 
alt* *•»■■« wd Eulai^ ■nordAv /i U< AhUad n/ A«<», 
lU. Br Dumnnl De CounK. Puii, IKS, S loli. Bvo. ; hL S. Futi, leil, 6 lob. Bra. 

atlnSiii^ViilKrHm B/irmtai. 101. BtJ. Xtech, A.K Coke, liSB. Va. 

Bet, Arrmutm. 70O. A Botanical Arnnfmmit of all Ihv Vc«Utal« nUurdlj fTDwIni Ln Oraat 

BTtUlD.Ac. B; W. WiihcriPf. Binnln|)lui>, 17TS, Eiok Sro-i U (d, (reUl; cnUitsd, 

Land. ITSd. i lola 8>i>. 
JK. (M. 3». am Lidd. AX. Ol. 



'o-iK('. M. Hard. 

il R(|M«. loud. Sio. BctUB Id IRIS, uideaiitliiucd DHBtlilT- 



SSwb 



D, [833. ISuio. 




aomt€tlAailBUtfllltFafkktfKrmMlmfUn.Al. 170). 

Jn w n'iJardfimr, jt. I3M. J. Boicau. Ttiiilt du Jardliugi, Ac. Pirli, 1T14. Pol. 

-_._?.»_., — u„j , ■"'— '— '--'^^^'^^— '--inHuili.iMlii"^0»«l«inf,«e. 

'■veil \n PFru, Ac. Br C, BnndE. Lond. Ira. 

ud't (So. J.), Obwrntloni od Poputac AnliiguitlH M**- 

i^aeTat—TmtdJkfTny.^. nMcrlpUon dTUk FutarDeTDuUntB- 
. _,.. , leVR PM. 

anjM. Ml. KTi. Prodnnuu Fndcun nrlonini PUruruni In Honli Hi^IuhUk sbHnitBm. 

Bi JiccbiH DrtiiIiu. G<dani, nil, I. JhBOi TDl. IL Mm. i loU. Btd. 

I8li Ollnb. WItTftg. - "a ".7, 

BrU Bmt. JSIS. Sn OtUi Bht. Eml. 

mm. 1^. tun. cbmii ■ 

EnfliBi Flora, UvtClli 

trOtam-i muilHrr. !» ' Wl«ihlft"'8«&oiI^ar'fi^W. 
**. TV^of. SH. Owifh {M. AneeOom of Britlih Topoiraphj; or, an Hi.lnric 
bu turn dD« (« Ulualralini tfae Tll|ainphical Antl(|ullla of Gnat I 

Xmw. Mtm. JiUm. Mt. Mtiiudii; lur I* Famllle ta nnunnra 
HUlala da Gmni qui conpoaBiI cc Groop dc Pluta, Fat 

Am, nv. Lmi. fiU. Baa AriUni'i nvd LmiUamica. 

Bnlm't Fl. Lm. ISSK, Sh BrvlmU Ktra l.—Uaxtca. 

amtn'l ntr* LiHiUtUa. IM. OtIltlninE, UM, t Tola. tra. 

ant. PHI- SK. FliTlcifnphi* Lutltania aritctiot. Bi Frill A 
IM. F<d. ' 

gnmm,'$ Km. if nHr'i Srrtsnc. 1578. Vnilu*! NManI Hlricfy irfgelbnnir, ud ObHmti^ on 
wtm nnaef Muuni<iltfetk*IIaMnlM->CUHHlu,aDdgola,liT^TMiBa>ln^ 
F.L.& L««*iB,Utt •«. ' '"*"-"■«"■». 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO 



*Mi^^ nn.PnAanM Float Hunt HoUudla It IhbIb Vu DIHHD. Bji Bobat Bnnn. 
*"j'»^* lUB. Tbc CiTUud Nairn] IIIrt«T°'J'<iwlo. Br PiMek BnwB*. Uai. nsa. 
iW/^- S*"). Bfiiftil»™(J.G.), VojifMitaMl'BniplniOtlniiun. Vuii. SToU.lto. 
JM* J *^—*. TBjL A curtnua (ruiiiKnt, lij the Pcniu pact Aiur. 

AM^Ai &>nHn ^ la SimMU PUUmali^m. EIM BullMin d« SdtBca, pu ti 8oclM Ptaila. 

*« * ia &>e 4'^W. DtftTlic THtimilt. X»£. BulMinI dt ]■ SnclM* d' AfrteulEun du 

_ Dfr«tcsuntd*r[Uruili.ituiWI Hwitprller. MoilptflH. laOd—IfllS. Sto. 

■ iriilB UMttriti. list. BulMiiilliunndtMt BcfHKMM de I'lnduiUii, Pub, IKSl Hiak. 

** «. fmr. MW. no« Pitlilnult. Bj BuUlild. Pmrii. mS-ITSO. t lolj. Stol 
fr. Si&^ HrMh dc ll France Id. ITW, H leq. Fol. pi OJO. 

13T5. Hlitclre dn a»i)a)4|iuiu da ta Pnna. Id. Puti, 

l' rir. Bunfc in Hon., Ac it mm. Acad. Scirm., *c. 

nHlfttlOf. ~AL Billlf*.~"!SdU~liubiinnl)ii UieKim. Aad. Sclcn, PrtRib., Ac, I8S3. 
WifTB'I KMs^nMns. iTtt BunCH't (H. W.), EidndrndTTin. Vim ol lh> G«(nl ChinstK 

™d Ap|i*aimne««f Tret*. PbTvUn aiHl lodwrniMI, Lund, IRTT. FdIhl 
UiaA rfiifrif. Iffi;. AuTpiarT ,>.A Li, Aiilrltuni nir •khrm Enkhunf und tacckmU 



(. ^fr. SOI ILirLaruni A 



Bunon. J., MonaKleon Btoractiue : and the EcdoJuCictl MUUrr i^ 



Yofkahln Voit. 1758, Fol'.a' 
'*"'"' ' " "jxbaum, Plantuum Bilniu oofnitanim Ci«(uriB quiniu*. Prtn^, 



iu PUnurjin Is A|nt HnIlMue crciHiitlum. Hala, ITSL gra. 



; or Otrima^ Alnaoack. Br John Enljn. Loud. 1SG«, ISS, ing, 

mkA .^h .Ii« Val. T». See Camimrici Mom Sflr., tte. 

■*!. A■^ II>I6. Enumerails FUtilaiuiD auw in Jmulai BaieenlxH collifll J. CambamdM. 

PubliahcdiDlheMtn»lrHdu>1>.>«uni: Iwn.lK ISZI. 
■M*fairrfMJfo»..^r.i»^aa.Stf. ^lat.^l. CuntMHedai'i Mandsrapliartlia a(rlnaa,la the AHDulM 

tm^am't AeaanlolUt Sna Fiiri'il. 17^1. See Cinrfn'I SrfbTnite, 

Hvrina'l frAaanAl, I3SI. Britannia, iitf Rnmill-ilninnini Rranoium Anflbc, Ac, Chorognpfaioi 

Uaicriptki. Lond. inj7, Ful, Vri.n>liled Ur Kd*ard Gitwxi. 1721 i rnli. (bf. 
■la^a'J Lift If Owa EUtalxlt. StS. Camden'! [W.), Ufr at Queen EliIalMh. Oirord, ITIT. 

H. K^t IOIOl Joachim Canneiariui, Dr Planlli Epitome iililiulma. FiineoT. Mud, USA. tto. 



r^at^ai i/f'li f tiira ifiiirliii flnrrhaiir (ri| Inririrrtanltminiiintn Hoita A»d. Lucd.-Bat. 

Odat. qr TVnriCtt-nTi MajTWII. HuHumTradeieantiinuni ; oi a CaUecMim sf RarlElea pTHentd at 

Boalh Lanitieth. Bi John TTadearanL 1G56. Kiro. 
CaMt ^ TVert «< SMroi,, Mil Eioic and Domalic, in*/c* artjm^raud Jar Sale taOie Oar^ai 

mar Lomdm. fO. Bj iheSocietjiof Gurde-ien Ixjndm, Ijjft IJol, 
riWaim 44. Caialogut nr Planli obieTied In North Anerin. Br John Bialrter. ISU. 
CMaAni fVsufarwo rar/orna ^lyfHt i< /jiMilorini a^ocfliliioil, lUII. R; John Baj. Lead. ISTiX 



(^K A»M. na See ^> 



h Ic Si'-J id , icone* et DncripilofipB Piantjtrum Qua aulaponle in HLipania cnaciui^ aot la 
Hortli hdiilunliir. Mai-ii. 17''1— 1H)1. 6 voli. Ibl. pi, «ll. 

*. Sou, SU. Uominicui Ch.brcy, Omnium SUnduu Sciip^lL CollnlB ADiAralia, 

i«« lid. a 1B77. Foi. __ . 

t^KtfM ia/r IV.) DiMitrlalkKu rm OrlfUal Oardniiig- ^ Load. 1T71. 4la. 
!£nn^l1^nJM.f^y"Aifr^ Chandler, iDd DMerlptm br W. Bottl* Bxitb. af th* 



LIST or BOOKS refehaed to. 



I. MS. Tnciwur. PndMaiuil-iiiwUHiocKphltdHBTFt'lcJDta. Oaera, 

Ooii^DtHiT'.Qm^.mil.m'l. Jsk, Du CkoHl, Da *uli Qu*RU( UIMg(U, laiaill i^lUi Moiuk 

Dwrlpdo, Liudunk. ISU. R>a 
CkM. Air. ITIT. S« <«« OtmHeUM. „ ^ 

Owil ffitfov dT So^fd. nn. DuldJC.), ChaRh HUMrT or En^ud, A]t] npcdisttlit 

BOBU cJhStM (n EncUad, fton IT3T u 1T«. BiHMk. I lolt. Mto. _ 

Ckmdmrt UtMKi BtUMg. US. Medial B«u>| H.IUwtrMlsn MdDMCDUIiinisrilHlUdl. 

(t^FlMU ■ribaLoHkn.EllBtourili.uid DoMId Hwi 

*c.,>BdJuHillo«CI>urchm,F.lJk Luod. ' 

CMtr. »l. A fotm (it PhUll;). 



_ fv 1/ CUU. H3S. Bh XMu'I ffllttr*, 

aw^ 'br. rinriL 510. UioooHiii (J. F.), Fha Vlrdnba, < 
^^InloUcalUlU. Ltwdunl KuaTonim, ITU. 8>o. 
Ow. «Sl. 3U. a— OmAi't ilitrtom PUiunm. 
am. fan. IIW. Cll»lM CluiliH, BwiiKuni iliqiu* Sllrpliin 



UHlwri ammiimm ripiBH ■■■■ iti. ul, bi 

W»» Mmmal^mMmlktnu Ttti, ^e. N 

CbU Mk». flW. Ccldn iC), PluM Ciild 

Hiirwtrii In »T BiirU Trr' ITU 



AnmiiilK, IflDS. Fnl.; 



In An. §oelM. UdbI. 

jrA— mH*h mi . . _ _, .. . 

OcatHTUUftn. Sr%^ Sum, AM. 

(Mto lto«. &»- M. GolU, HonuiMlpulHih Turin, ISI9-1S5I. Ma 

tMeillmif/iau.Vla. DuUln. 1801. 

— — yn, ^c. MR. am TV OKONa. 

H. /k ttl9. Cohnn* (F,), FtirulKiuoi, die PluUrumillquH Huarii, « 




ktBMr4ltJti[TicMiiT€. an. London, IT^— 1SI9.'T loh. 4ta Newtel 
ri. Mmf. im Src Cgn^Moi la Uc AifmlcoJ Mafiiita«. 
eafa flic AifaifcaJ JVoftitM, iIM9: tiring ■ jDUmal contitnliii luch lntctntln| Im 

_/ Sir W. J, HiKJwt, Lond. Bffun In l»M 

aiMwif. n OfT. IBJ& DlufflM, 1.) M FlDiiniuU 
SoriialL l«6. Biw. 

r —i i i ^ i i iiiiiiir III irmr Bi&Himih. London, isn. «io. 

OnltEMO AhUCl iOi;. An oMpDRa bir Gnct. 

OA'* [C^^di*! J.) Ffr^ rw«r. Liinilon ITTT. StdIi.Wi. 

Osft jCoiiWiiJ.iSHMdriitw. HM Csok*! Second Vo»<E. London, ITS^ 4(o. 

OrAfniftlK C«du(CO.TlliUaiinuit«UB,ed.kC. Oauro. AiwUiiall, WL Fdto. 

CWWmh ITH. Br SkukipHTi, 

CWb. Cm. lOB. Job ConiiiU, CiudmUimi FluUnim ■UanmiqBa Bsodum cdluniiB HUorfA 



Caniea. lllS. A uoi.in »i Mn Barb.uld ITSBl 
Cmihocbs**. IBM- Muiultr (F.l, L* I'lUBwniphk Unin 
OhlAv. V7. HiLiUnd'i ^W.) tliitori of Gdlnt«i|b, ftn 



Edlnhunh, 17&1 



b, ftom IN FgiiiHlUlon B 



— . ir. Joh. Neinni. LVuti, aUipt* AlMriua. 17IK tio. 

tmqf Satirrii^f JoAmton. 15:9. 

. Cru. 9(el. C.Cullfn'i IfiNotTOf lluloo.tRiuliUdfR>mtlwlCdiuorcUri|«n. 



CMwi tf nraa, («. ISM Br LlntaiwDt-CnkiBd Emmcricb. Land, ITSBL Sro. 

O^w. /imfA TH, 8h Oi^ ruipl. We, 

Oip '"^fJ. ^> ^- Fruciicui Cupinl, FU9|AjiBia Slculum, wu RtnaU nmumi Set- 

Oir<. JM. Vk m Th* Bntulol KiBilB*, kc S|r W. Cuitli , onllnutd In Dr. Shmi and, 
iSIll!l?l» Ska ■'* ""*"■ ^'™'- "*•"" '" "»T.»Bd HBilB^Ud m 

CvAtXn). ZaI. nM, laaCimb'iBMUXJitoairfM. 

Ck«M'( Afat f«i™'?fr '«* BJUdi QiumSiiT ; Mnf IIIiiNnHm and DncrtoUsm of 
■ of bMcU^uDd la Gnat Biltain i^ Inliiia, Ac. Vj i. Cnrt^ F.ljL, *e. 



CW' ZaiiA TflSk Flora LanJIn — ih i c, -___ „ „ 

Mm b>^ rf l««laii. wUi IMiflaaat a( Gnnti, ia.'^Bj W, O 



LKT UP BOOKS UEFEHBCD TO. 



UK iaai. s Tsta. bHo. 

-MM. >ar«. ran T. F. Ddlwd, Flan, PHMemli ProdmnH. Pu-Il n4B. Ilmo. 

fmwlilri Ditr JtU M towmari I Ihcflil *t Sem. UK. Hllu. 

O^ta-i iroi* Bardi. MS. Edw. £>*t1h-i Ccltw K(Hiuc>i«i Londoa, UOI, tn: ud Bdv. 

DbtIh-i BiW oT the BrltUh DruMij Lmdmi, mni, gio. 
AMiCi WrU* AC Tat. Wcfah RoUdoI^. Br H. DirlH Lend. 1811. Bra. 
Kaadi'i (Omur'il Z'lilKqir-GiinlnuT. IS). Tfaa L<iidKavr-Oudcna. St the Rtr. PnbmduT 

Dniiik. LoadoD, IU& Btd. 
Sav*! JgrknUiiHl CtflHMrv. mv Elemtou of AntcuUunl Ch«iili(iT. Bt Sit Hnaidir* 
T>an. iDsCsurKorLtctonilbrlhaBiMnlorAJiTkiiUun UnieB. lilt Ms. ~~'~'' 
OaM'i frnw OsMi. 71 ho. 
m 4rtu a t t OmUirIt MR. 8n Ail Onfr. 

D€ *^e n t m, mtiam, H //rrtarm,Jc. 197. Jomnn. aeunlui, Aiborttum SaetDm, iItc d* 
Aibanna, Pruttcum. « Hntarun C!»«nllHK| Fnnituu, te. Luid. Bu. IGM. Its, eL 10. 
amt <g jm. nn. a paa br Bun Coramii. '^ 

£W Sett OoO. aosa. Caw [JiiHai),t«incnurti de Brila GaUien. 
Dit.Aitr.t3S. Aunialln PynmuiDaCuidolla, AHniitofU. Parti, IWK. ftgitfoL 
Drc FLFt.XL i3. m Lnurck, Flun FrufitH. Pvta, lH(»_l8ll. 1 (ola. Sra. 
Da. n. r>, Ji^ SSU. 9f Ore. n. Fr. 
n>c fr«f Woam HI. art Dtc. Cat Hon. tlomip. 

Oorl Matir, 37^ ld,.CaUI(i^inai>Uruiii_HiiTtlBiiUnlclHon»l)Huk,uUlUOlMm. 
"lonip I8IJ- Bwo, 
ii« Piili, IHS. Ml. 14. TO. 
It dt Ptafikfu* M UWem K*- 

S«.~V^li^^.~M^. n^.~Cn.~BH!~i>Cand(>11c'iMSSL in thi lltaotrM d( !■ Soc da Phn. 
at iTHIaL Kai. te Oeiiibe. '^ 



Da. Pkfi. yim. 673. Sh fir CamMlfl PkpUarir rif, 

n. ^^..^..j, Pifialogir t'lxilMlr, Ifll. j ou Eipaiitioo di 



Ar CudoOc'i PMalogir i 

tiiii. Id. An>, 1s^ 



Oidinuis, Oananui, Spaclani 



'iglMt, \e&. ; ou EipcHitioii dn Fgacaa at da> PdmOoiu ilula daa Tfft. 
HSI. ld.,'plaDCai nn dn Judin it Gaii£<c. 0*mt. IBB— UR. 



IM. Id,, B(fi>l ncataUlU SriOnia ■■tiinia; •)•• (Mlnai, Gmn*. at SpKla Pin. 
•Bcundum HcUwdl utunto Nnnnia di|«iUrain it dtacrlpuium. Pult, HIS— IHU 

Mt SBOlMtHpiti it Satamt, ^c. 19M 

a.tt. Sfm.plni.nia. i. e~^ — "- 



- - - - alMtlna it Satamt. te. 19B1 



tar* da OiiMufi, tc. ElE 
I TraiU Prat/itr h la C 
wrf. 9n. Sae Dtlart. H 4h, 

jMt. 1033. AnuLiirdi I'Arim. Flore d'AuTRWiF. Ed. I,, 1 nL flvn, ClaiBaiit. 
1, I7W. Ed.!., BlomctCkRiKiiit. 1800, SielLBro. 
a Jsrd. 7U. Bur tan Jart. 

Ti. AmmL S58. IMauni In HertilR da I'Aiiutcur, a Fmcli HriadicaL 
. «7. Sac Dilttt. Itaa. iti. 
i. irl 3DS. Bail. Ddaaaait, Icaaa trttttm FUnuium In SyRaa. unlTan. iliatilftt 



TnwUltd 1^ M. Daltuii. 
JM n Man. S5t. All- "- 



I. R Dcllle, UeiD 

nclla Influiu dei BAMhl •ulto Stalo flilco dd PaaiL • nUi 
; (iiulicn. Milan, 1817 8rtL 
■' tfi:s nrnkKhriftandir KSnlfUcb-BalMKlKn BMulKlMB 

. i."">'^>uiB,l§l.;,UHlconUniHd. &L 
.^ Fnnvnin. 168t VA. 

... iMdSbrubiihatwinilralnlliaDiMiAlrcf MulB.BrP.W. 



)u^ntt«ia A'afaruJiL 187. Uljuaa Aidroiaodi 

>nAg^ar, 8M ; In which ara Fatla, Eiiwrlmi 
od Vtftidila dariie thaic Nuulncnt Indap™ 



AcrLiitirr Ar/mrf »>2^ (liwfal View of Iha AtrlcBltura or Itarbrihlra. tij Jelin Fmj, HU, 

Sn- HMMitilrr. IW. Bl Baron UltD Von MUnchiuwi tirS()lv3M>achf, I7S9. 

i)(r TrVbau. 1973. Uft TrUIBrbau, udpr Anira^iiidlaKhHrHnutidwMiMiiTrUAIntnWaW 
dunaaD, Lualnhuachsn, und Ganen. durth Kunat lu alahen, und iirow Aalagan damn 
vuAm. Von AWundn Von Bon>hi>l> Qutdllnbuia und Latuli. ISSSl 

S* Xr AwMot. 835. I. J. N. Coliinalla, DeKERiutlcaLlbrlduDdtcFn. PaiJL 1541 8m 

i)aJ^rllM^arn«liCiwiBml.tei. HJfi H^ S. D. i- K«b. Eriaii(aa, ISM tfa, 

DHr<*Uiia<fllicSmerfifar Lain 33H. B) W. Waidmrtli. 

a^irrW PW^<. S3H. X psam tij GoldtmlUu 



CXCVlIt LIST OF BOOKS REF£RnED TO. 

Ditf.Act.Par. BK. Aetadali Siicimd'HlitalnNiituTiIlcdlPuii. PuU, ITK. Folia 
Ottfi Amm. Wiu. 4!3. 3h Aumalt, du liuMic 
Ditf. AUrnt. 1917. an Daf. Ft. AO. 

Zt^.n AIL 316. H. L. DtilbnUlnn, Finn AttaDtiu. Pud!, 1798, 1799- InlLMa. 

Deif.Orr.H*. Id., Choix dn PlinUfdu Cm^lalnda tuUtaudalWravOin. Fuli, IKS. Va. 
Drtf. BUI. Aa Arbra n Arhriv. ive Id., HMoln da Arbn* K AtbtlMsui qui pniicnt ttn 

culUiiinpleliMTenciurleSvldclM, Fnnce. FuU, 1B(;9. iTOli. Sra. 
Dttf. Cat. Hon. ParU Sta. Stt Drrf. Cnial. Hurl, p. 
Xmf. Catal. Sort. p. SM. Id., Ciulu(iu Plutmiina Hati nill Puirinuii. PuU, IBU. Sre. 

Sdcd. 
mtf.Hon. Far.SX. SttBttf.CaUl.tc. 

Daf. Uan. Far. cl Art. JMO. Sr Dtif. C«UL. tc., and Deif. Wit. ta Aihra, ^c. 
Dm.JiMTn. Bm. 75S. Denaui, JaunuldrBaaiiiquc. Parii, IBCS-Ult. iToli. in 
Dicki. CrnI- 1976. 3« DIcki. H. Sire. Fate. 
Dictl. H. sice. 1706. Stt Dkki. H. Sice. FaK. 
Uela. H.Sicc. PaK. U6S. Pluurum crntofamlcuum Brttuula Fuclcull aUEtiun. Land. \iaa 

-1801. Mb 
JNd. Oai. fHHt. Mm. tStE. 8m AM CUalaae tBM. Sal. 
Dtcl. OW^fM d'/fM. MW. 1385. DicHoniuIn Giolquc d'HIHolrc NUunllt, pm MM. Audouln, 

Bourdon, BreofBUR, Edwiinb. DaFinuuc. Diuim, FbHirent, Jiualni, Lucw, Blehud, Boit 

Do SL Vteant, *e. Pub, ia»-l83a 17 mk. bra. 
OktAaSaamAarMa. m. Sai aa^rOarl Trnltl. 
Ski. Ofm. ta Eaac tl FirtH. !M. Soo BaaArtOart Traill. 
lUtUammKirt. Sit. Sm BaaArmart TraUt. 

■—■■■- -.-.__.... ^ Traill. ^ 



Diet. FlTTmir. TO. Sai Act. R. Tamr.-Caac. 

Diet m^ cl Cru. IT3U. DietliKuuIn HIBocique RCilUtui. PirF. Bi;li. RotUnUin, IGn— . 




iJoMTi IVatWt. IMS. TnTdTTntainUchiilJu ond SitwriL Lond. i igU. inuirero, 

iM. Anv*. 878. Sh IMgiL Pahi. 

.._,_ B . .!». D — 1 — .... r,-. „ .DodoeiH, Stirphim HiiWriM PmiptidB So, •!*• 

._ Jfinuil. LoDdon, Bra. 

Da»'i MM. aa. Bet Oaa'i Hmtr'i Dlakmara. 

Dcm'i UlOtr-i Dtcheaart- <ISS. A inicnl ajatm at Oiidenlni and BoUnr, *e.. (bund«d oo 

MiUfr'I DictlDiurT, andornncsIicconliDitaUie NalunI Snum. Bj OcartoI>OD. F.L.8. la 

4l0li.4ta. J>ola.JHiUlihedin 1107. 
Dam-t PnA. SL Sec O. Daa FroA. Krp. 

D. Dim PraA. Xrp. llOa Doild Don, Prodnnnui Fli>r« Ntpalenita. Laid. ISM. Sinallgwi. 
J>. Dm ilSS. IM, ProrCuoiDon HSS. 

OoUwonh NuTMT, Wokmg,n«rlHpln,8un«T. FolloihHt. 
Deam Hi^. Cam. VO. Sh Doma Hirl. CaalA 

a^ H^L CmUt. «15H. Jamn Dodn. Honui CanUbrialmili : ac, i CaUlofVO oT PlintI, Indl. 
In U Camliridft. CaiBtHldii, 



isr 



tmiAn-Bcek. I37& Doomadar-Book an IJtMt Crniualia Wllkliol Priio), Rrgii Anflte biM 
AnhiToa B»ni In Dorno Capltulul WeiiDKiiaitoril aHcnalui : Jubentc Htf e (biubUih) 
Onnia Tntlo imki DiandMui typla. Eun. IbUo. LoDd, I7S3. 
iloul. US, S8& S« Daaalafl USS. 
Daarlat V.t. M8. 
DtwIc-mSI ■ 

Dnraliui . ., ^-— , ,- .. — ,-^, — , 

DnAi'i ytrrlL IBS. mjAw't TraculitloD 




fABT OF BOOKS nEF£KB£D TO. 

S^. Jtaw KB. Duiwii, Fbn da Bouionia, DUm. ITB. I nUt Sn 
Kb W Hk>«fc «l. JiA. nu. Du Rsl, Dia Hul)lu(d» wUda Buimiuclit 

imr. Si^ SM Enimcntto PUDUnnn quiu Id InniUl Ai^lnloL A 

n— t D-UrtUU. Farii, IBa. Bto. 
BvMft IVncb A> Wm Em^tmi. IW. Tiiidi In Nca EaiUnd and Nn 



X^M JCk Am. U 1017. Id., A.Uimul or Boub; ta tl» Northmi ud HUdl* Suica iK ABKria. 

Afeni, MM. Itna. 
Xbm. UU 101. EteBaalal HlJlatTof tilt HebrUiiuiilBliblu^ or ScoUind. SS. Bir Dr. 

WdtH. EdlDb. IR1*. 
U MA Jam. mo. Eil[Dbur|ta PhlloHphial Journil. Canduclot bj Dr. Brewitn md 

WiUmji Jimnou. EdLptt. 1819—186*. Id Tor>. Stu. CanilnuHl br PtdC Ju>i«n >lm. undv 



m. OnUt'MOt Niui™ HiUs^ of miccnimDn Bltdi, •nii of 
AalBlK Quadnipol^ BiptUo, nibt*, Inszti. Jte. B; Gto. El 



£iatifu;f ;>lssu CoiwD-t^KWic*. 1S33. Wiina md Ltlpdi, lUI. roUo. 

tlrat IflS. Cr>j-« Hmj I ™.— .- 

" Art ia. SMf 



jU y »«•/ .J(__, _.. 

i»ii P^i, 17Si.; 4*11 

Bb"! Aeeaualiifllic Paritlt tf'si. Lm^ti, siorriUlrk. Tl. The Millar^ and AnlLaullltt eC lb 
n-^^ ^ .. . J o.. — '■■-■-, ,„dljb«II o( NofUm Filt(»lr, In Uia Suliurt« of '— "— 



NSl a ikMcti of n» Bounr or South Cuollni wd Otargli. Br Supb. niMt. 
SI— l»M. Cvoli. Bn. H- U- 

t. Sd. PMila*. Ml. attJimrm.Jcail.Sctitt.PliM. 

BafiSml.HM.i^CaramKti, 7a OuTtoinrdiiNalunl HlttorTOfConltinH, udollin'Uiriiia 

PnduetMu dT tbE llJu Kind, omimoolj Awnd oo IhaCouloTOnu Brluluuid iRdvid. Di 

John EtIiL Lond. 1755. Mo, ^ W, 
MtUi't Nnt. Hilt. q/ZaipkMri, fc. 70. Nitunl IIMoriorDHiircuriDuiinduneiiniinoDZaaiihTid, 

cDBe«B> nrnn KrhHu |parto of tiK Olaba, ijilnnaliullj uruged ud deacrlbad. B^ Dr. D. 

SebBdcr. Id, Lund. 1786, i*o,fi.K. 
ta. Sknck. lOlT, ?in EIS<a Ft. S. Car. 

Emc. Jmtr. S5. EncjclopHlli Amarkana. A pofiulu DLFlianiirj nf Aiti, Seines, Utcratura, 
HliloTy, PolllSta, ind DLocraphjr, brouabt dowa to thaprcKnt cine { IncLuding a cnloiu CoOac- 
Hon of unelnol AtTlcIci In Anwrtcan Biograpb; ; on ihE bull nr Mit SFiciith Edilinn of Dw 
Ginua CDDirmaliiiw-LnlcoD. Ealud bj F. Liibcr and 1::. Wrifglawonb. Ptalladalptal^ 

J«^ AA 13E1. Set Zjik £wvc, 

£•«. qf 4^ STE. An EiU7cla|»dla of Afrtcullure, ftc. Br J, C I.audon,F.I.a, Ac Lond. 

Bmqre. «■ fU. .fret. 897. An Encfc1ci|HdLa at CMtafc, Farm, and villa Ardilltdura, Fumiton, 

*c RiJ. C Loudon, h',La,Ac Lonit. 1&X3. Sni. 
Xmtfc qf dant. 16. An EocTcloiHtdla of Qardrninti coniprlilng the ITitoty and Fiactica ef Htr- 

tinillura, FlortculUira, Ailxiricullura, and I.andlcaiit.Uirdfllln(, Ac. Bt J. C Loudea, 

F.L&.Ae. t^iBd. l&S. Ed«. 8io. 
yaiai ii" rriiiiri 4. An EBcTdiiiHdla of Planti: compciilng the UeicHMIon, SpedBc Characta, 

Cidnire, HliUiir, Aptiliculan In Ibe Aru, Ac. By /, C, Uiudan, FL.S,*c. L»d. 1831. Now 



Xi^n^ilii JlJilHiii^.' ivA.' rr^<^^o\M\t■,~aaDMtIBDl/atImMlaltit%3tiTBl**,il^ Aitt,it 

Atf. Bat. Ua' E^fUih Botaiiy. By Sir J, E. Smith and Meain. ScrwarliT. Lend 17gO-18It. 

X mil. Hto. An ibridnd edition, with parlialljr colmted platei, u now (18381 pubUihloc. 
(■(. XM. AuJ. 7GG. Sop^^«illDlfaeGitn>h BotanyorSirJ. E.Smirh uid Maun. SmrtiTi 

Ike DaKripiku, lx.,Vl Sir W. 1. HoiAar, LL,D., and other emlHnl BotHiUti. hauL, m\. 

Bn. Coollnned. 
Xjv /T. Mt. 8r> Xr«;lnt RDn 
a^. Otrd. aa, iai£ A.CaUlocue or the Planuculltnlad in tbaaardaiHnaarLiadea. Bra 

■tnrWi nr n>nl«.~ Lwidon, 173a FoljD 

^ cB Jrclcr*. S0H7. 8h JIiibrlr'iZiv'MBnMn,*!. 

— ...-ihFkm. Bt all J. E Srallh. London, ISM— 1B9B. i lola, Sni. 

...Jl UwBtac 903. Lond. 1831. In ifiaUfij Nea. 8hl 

Mtttmil^liil SAlft Tntmutt/^u. IWO. TniuaclMucfUiaEotaiioliifkajaDclatyaf Loitfaa. 

laid. Ba«un Id ISSl and khi'IduhI In Brn. 
SMia n Fc<*rm l»H. s« BfutT Sn. Fl rtltr^ 
Awn. SUrT- Jtu*. 1377. 3« .4«wu>>* Sllrp. SuU. 

Smmmliim qT Mr Plauli at llu BrrUn naval Oanlin. Mlft 9m WaUcmoK-t Xmimunltam, te. 
emOl^ tl Calanlrau d Dh Hanrl i<i DsnabioUlirTl.lt Fi'irtJt D» Bmmtl. H7i 
EftUdamiwH. iMH. Stt llmlci'i EpiUialm'*'' 
Sk^ Htm. Acad. ScUnc frlrrj. 510. Eabicholn In Mtmatrwof tlwiejiwq of Sdanwi WL 



LIST or BOOKS BKFESaBD TOh 

a nMMM«>.faMHfc(*aiiH. IV. Bt If. Mwtnli. (rFMmMI 

MiKt cm rtnlimaiH. IWt. Fludi Bhb, Vttssunt R. A^n^ SU'i BUnium. LBteo. IW- 
AMV « nniMV' 188. &B7 «D PUntlBt Br t1» B». W. HuIwT' I«™1«>i ^^ ■"■ 



Ai^^U ^Bh.Ss_<^«J^''>S^^'^' 



erf Jnho EnlTii, ^., F.R.S. ; cunprliliw blilMuT Am IHI la 
'- 'uUliu LMUn. Toiimchliiul4(iintd tRcFrlTauCampoiulnKa 




I'lAroxlonPirl. SSCS. A posm. 

Wtamtt It 1SK. FeullltB (Louli), JouculdH ObwrriHguPhTAiuH, MiithfmiI1iigB,ct Bat*. 

Bl^u»Utadiiul-An>iiiqueMtildteu]c,«e. PuU. ni4— ITU Mo 
rirU iMIIiimiilS'rpUmitil It tiu btca^M^tlat/^rrlaiUan. IK. By J. C. Linid(n,F.I.S.,ac. 

Land. 18H. Pimiiti. Big. 
"- •-- "t, *ft lOTS. XyJC. Iaud«ii,F.L.a,*c L<ind.I»3. Pnnph. 



Jbd. VlK. JIUe. l^tM. FlicliR(FO, KiuiiKlit Hliuncnitc. Dmdn, IBM. Bid. 

ntdtrr'i Aitra. »r TVai^luil, fc. ISTS. V. P. nicbrr, AnIcltuDi lui TiOOiJuiL da 
Bejrtnt nut Font. uarjigd.W1>Kiiichirt. Kurlmihc, IBIi. Fimipti. 

rtm Hia4rti l>sMi <f and Bmbamlft, BK. ; lofHtm wllh ■ Book oflliuvKnT, Ac. Br TkiBui 
Tbmi. Newfd. Lond. nil 8>a. 

nA-, m Sir J. E-Smllti'iFlonBrttaiinlH. Laod. 1900— IBTii. 3 Toll. Sri. 

ACU. E5i7. Tm FkrnI C4liiDM. B; O. B. Kaoala iDil F. WHCctL IdBiluo ind BlnninirhiM. 

n Caniitiiaita. IKI. T. Walter. Finn CuhIIbIu*. Load. I7B8. Sto. 
R. Oh. MS. Sh ADn Dmica. 
n A nu. lUG. 8« norc ifa l'Jri«. 
n ft. Sfl- Sec Aan FlunffiL'. 
K Or. m. Sr Rot. Oiwxa. 

n Hit. ;ae7. s« ua 

n lid. Odi. «T1. 

tt. Mm. iBm. tnii. 713. Seuc ct Nnclno, non Heiiani, Ion. Ined. Icoolbiu ab Ipw 9cuc M 



ui in Cudsllnu. 

n. Mp. ns. S« Tlmir^i Fbyra KrapeUtama. 

R Ar. ns. PlilUMic PicM D« la tcinuK, Flpuada la Flora d« Prriota. farii, 179S— 

n tmi. m. YVm ds-WitUnu nn D. QictBB. B|F NtTBimd J. Schiitiiiu. ITBB-ISOI. 

c. Ml. John SIbthDTp. Flon OrMs. Edlud b)r Sir J. E. Smith, lod csoUinHd by Sir 



J41. John SlbftDTp. n 

W. J. Hailur, uni Dr. Uunn- 

/for.. 1-S. s« /■..,*■# Fi, .i»tr. f-^r 

Boro Anxli-a. 'J! ' Sm HiBd, H, ^m/, 

AradanUuJica. lUd Scmtl IJ, A.), FIoraCamkDlha. Vlniu, 1700. Bn. 
nvaOmfco. 193. Flora Drntcd, liTi Icunci PUnumim ipontc lUKntlun Id Kioli Dute et 
- ny Vatil, MnniKiiiii.nilHIIliei. Hita\m. llm-Wta. s •akTl^ 

Ftoia t)Din«>lca 1 gr, the Furtahli Flonr-Oudin. Loutco, IBB. Sio. 

See Grrw. n. E^. 

Ami acmontea. M. Soe Aoit'i noni CrmuMFx. 

rbra Hrlrflfca. ItO. trr ivirr' I Flan Hctrrllca, i 

ritTM Hmxarlea. 116. Wilrtiiein IF.) et Kluibol (P.), DwsTlpclocw 

otumHuTigarl.. Vie„na, IBM-lBH. 4TolLrdL. 
Jtort. /(lUrto. ISt. See airU(mi-i n^a IlaUat. 
-rtura Lamotika, MS Ciroliu Llnnmi & ton LUmi. Flon Lmvonlo. AnuWodaBL Im. 
»»,&*«. Br BU J. elbbuil Und. 17M 



t^ 



LIST OF BOOKS REFEBRED TO. CCi 

n>^ LmMih. SU noraUoflauMiDL B7 nvAin KaOniiqae. Km Vort, UIT. 

fto> ifctnrrilUM. 8W non MeinWliuu ; «■ BMutol Bunblca wtttaln ThlitT MUh if LcndOB. 

^ Da&l Caoa. Lond. UK ISma 
An JTu. fe. (Dd WSJ: 719. 3« n. M». tioK AkA 
An SrmBlilaim. Wk Sw 7Vwi>r'j Hora Krapotili"ui. 
Row* 9f Ortgiuait- 1U LfjcuD* ind Couitoit, Horti Uatuijci Arxftemicv l^odinuu DiicretiODk 

adjDaauii caiOimeUl Kudlii Edidcrunl : CatnpeDdluni KlorK Belgiiz, LIcgE, ISK— 1831. 

Av* i/'&TsiEl ngm Tvad. Slf. See .7d*iu(«'t Rara q/; tc^ 

Jbra^lAntei. IGt, BouDT, FI0U Nuoetnili PiDdiamui. Kann. I7BS. lino. 

flSra«'lteMr«A<aiii(L ui On the VfgMillcin ind TonpcntuK or Ihi- Fuoe IiUnda. B] W. 

C TKTtlnn, Enq. PubUilxd In the EdintL Phil. Journ. tor Januirr, 1835. 
An Amiaw UU. Biux et Futod, Flon Feruriux n ChileniU MitriU, ITW, 1T99. 5 
.iliu, Flora ScandljutiJB FndioinuL HolmiB, 1773^ &1 t.t 



rtan SmckM. 1S3. C. Linniem, Flum Sueci™. HotmlK, 17*5. Ed. B., 17SS. 810. 

Wlmw TmmifL HID. Biunwten (J. C. <;.), Enus»ntlD3tiipiuiii Mi^Tniu]'l>ulaPrindp>n» 

l^Tanmrieo-Camcaitca. iss. I.B.F. HuichiUdeBlebenttin, F1onTiuiia>.CaucuJc«. Cbu- 



rtdtyiTfilr. IMM. A. L. A- Fte, Flcm de Viryllti ou'.Von 
'!• Fbnu^ Fiuiti, « frsdulu ligtUui naitloDn^ ' — - 



,. P. Da CiDdoUt et Linuick, Flore F[ui(>iie, Fuii, UK»— 181^ 
. Jii«4i BLgclov. nmila FoMnilenili. BoMsn, 1811, SrOi 



JteWilnrt. niir. issa jouraal ar'rHotUcullunr'Twr throiigh Rerninj, BidriidB, and Fi^ 

fnncr.Lnlhr AutumnorisSS. Ur Jamei Foibei, A,l.&,ftc l.<Hidon, 18^ 8ta. 
F^ftal iMvj- \lb\. £cv Muauwod !>■ Frrrnf Lav. 
JW«I TVnv, 4c ffifi. The Muarn at nliini, orderlnj, and LmprorlDg Fonat and Frail Tno, Ac. 

Jtmiir'i OaUr. 1737. See iimtattk'i FOrafrr'i Ciu*. 

^«*. .XfTP- aa. s« «»rt. .^Bip. A»4. 

rata. Mm. Drier. IS!. 9it Pnra. Mn^ Arab. 

JkntaMXcSV. ^rot. IMS. PetniiFunkaol. Fluia £g;pllaca.Anti». Hanniii, I7T5. 4to. 

AnUT WTl^. O. Fonler-i MS. 

Ar. n««4mWiiii AM..bwn. £175, A Fiikm »^i Uc Foreal Tnn of Riu^ Bf Dr. Howuod, 

nrnmOfi O u tiB Mn i l anJ fflarfoptfcBl BiUnry. 80. B; W. Fon]rUi, Fjq. NN jvl publiihed. 

t^iSae^a^Bi^aniirii. ITU. >^ Gao^t Fourc BMc, itf HuMta^drle. 

J^, JEL nff. & Frlaa, Elenchui t'UD^rum, alateiu CDnmiaitBrlum In Splema UycologfcuDi. 

OiTpUawald, IBM, E Tola. Sro. 
VtwiH. yiBaLSti. See ffa. l>hv>i, 
^>MUi>'a AUJ^WWW. ICTJl Set FraiUlH-i Karraime. 
n !■»*■• I (OiMatiJbjIii) KwroHKi/a Jimnuy U l*e Stem qf U( Po^ Sea i» Ike Vim 

I8I»-IM& Slsa Ixul IS«1 Mol 
nanirti'i Jhos. 'dvoui. ask. Appendix to Ibe above, on Tiriaui Subinn reUtinf to Nabiril 

BtauXT. BrDi. [<lcba^l«lrl undJ. SaMnc.Eiq. Lond. 18S3. 4to. 

Aaaer'a Q«t Wa A C-.uil..p>.' ■'■' ranU niltiTaled in Fraaei'a Nunerr. Cheliea. 

KtmA Emtt'i^HMa. 6ia .Sit y./rK. Mill. 

rnaHnH^m. K M.-m,., Si.ull* FlorsSutdcK. Lgndie, 181i «o. 

/■nn S»a. Vm. IJiW. Sec f', (. . V(;ii. Myc 

?Vtr! 'fi."' Wf.T 'JM7 Si-I.iii.i .■'tiMloglcuin llilcni Fungonim OrdiUM, GEoera, el Hpnia hue 



(T'l Nrrtrrf Calahpie. !01S. Caulnfue of Qitllih ai 
Leadoi, 17& Sva 



0«Tf. iV. 35S. Sec Dc Fruc/. « Sm 
a^Tt.3em.lt*l. Set De F*ycl. el Srm, 

aaMt. Jet HrlHt. 1706. Guaebln (A.) Id acu Helietiu Fhrrico-HatlieiiuUa>.S<i(aniea. 
Medio. l7M,>iidconliniHdr tto. 

CvdUu-ie. The GardeoB't Haguiite, Conducted br J. C. Lsudon.F.L.a, Ac LoDdn, 13 

GsAivr'i Dtclionary. tSi. The Planie/^ FtotiR'a, anct Cirdener'! DIcticnuT 1 beiii( a praetlcM 
Cdlecilnn tlom the mini apprared A ulboti in [ha EngUih I.aniiuage, telallng to Che aboTO 
Three Part* of Gacdrning, rouadcd on Eaperlene*, iroithr oT Notice, and adapted to the CUioalB 
of Scotlanil. ^Jamei Ootdoo, Nuiietrman and Floriit, at FounlaintHidge, n»i Edlnburib. 

Oirdf^W. sua See'jdwj-i. 

Gam. Ma. en. r. l. Guldel, Hlaloin dee FUtdai qui naiiaani aui Eaiiicoi d'Aii. Aii, ITIJ. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 



!■ Fluts ^i cniimt lui EnilcaBi du Honuubin 

(in'i Bara bKwttra. ISO. (Smuilin (JO. Flora HetretlH. Toun, IStS— lUO. 

al^aa Ui^oTW a! UU AiKlml Fofulf ef Utrat. v^ A Trtnciiloclul HiUorr, Ac B]> Sii 

JCt.lf.M f'. 



Unil. By Aniliew Wight. Ijlinb. I77s--n9d. 6 

Gb«. a*d mc, At S«M SaGrofraflifamllUlaryiifllKWrMltmSliitri. 
(itetnplif gKd HaiOTf iff tin »'«Mn> Sfaui. SISC WMatj and Owgraphi of Iht Mluiuipiii 
viFLcT-, tovhicb u •ppepded i conddiHd Phfiiul OeDcrapliiof the Atdniic. VnlicJ Sutei. 

OwrfKl. 13)1!. Urydcn'i Tcaiulatun gf VirilL 

Grr. £ai && Sec (i<r. fume. .<n, 

(fcr. £mc. 1010. a« Oir. £iMc. .^ip. 

tier. £iftac. jtpfmd. jfiS. John Gerard, Tlie Uttbil ; or, Grnml Hutori of FlinU (alhefM bf 

J<^ GvmiL Loud. 1^. FoL Enlarged by Johhioii^ 1G>3. 
Orr. Oaito^Fram. 330. Ludcmc Gerude, floia Gallo-l^DTjiicialii Partt, 1761. 8td, 



inH(n,bUaiirdle(egeBnitlEenheiBb. fi; F. K. L. aichlFr. I'rankfon, ISOS. Std. 

L I««. Firr. 1913. Oeann (Concidl, Oprra BoUDlca rx Bibliothcca C. J. Trrw. Edidit et 

piclkliu e« C. C. Schmledd. Norimb. 1^51— 1770. Folio. 
aaii.Biil.Pral.SSO. Joh. Ea. Oillbot, HiiUliedu Flmleed'EurDfciou £n£inenidelk«anl4ue 

pfMloue, Lyona, I7<«. S vola. 8to. ad sL, Lioni, ISM, S nit. 8>a. 
Ga&i-i ItSS. 5m. br, 01lli«-a MS. 
Ctpardln'f £iai( em LamlMcapt, »c. I6G9. Da la CninniaiClan d« FaTiani, ou ds Honna d'em. 

balliita Natunaii(our(leiilabiuticni,enTjoi«iianU'Utilrkl-A)(Tiablc-. farM. L. R. Ginrdin, 

Vlnnnla d'Ermeoon.ille. Pari*. Sto. TranilaUd InloEngliih undrr the lilleof " An Buay 

on LuMlacipe. iiilh in UiHoricil Inltoductlan, Sc London, 1781. linw. 
Omtt. Fl. Bad. 1&. Gmtl. Fl. Bad. AH. 7^9. Carol. CbiUt. GmeUn, Finn Dadnitit-Alatlca. 

Culirulw, iei»-~18us. StoIj. S>o, 
C*hL fl Sittr. ;». OmcL Sib. S4T- Joh. Oeorf, Omelln, Floia Glblclca. retiapDll, 17t7— 1T69. 

Oaarf. /Ma. li'lL Omelln (J. B.), TtaTdatlirough SIberU, between the Vean 1733— l7iS. In Brr. 
man. OiiUillgen, t7Sl,]7HL Sto 

Galitrou Cat. 756. The Catalogue ofH. Coderror, Nunerrinaii. VUle d'ATKi, near Paiij. 
OoKi; Fimre BaclKt af HuMicwIrtt, 1774, Foure Baaka a( Huibandnn coUnud bj CflUHllil 
If ereibactatui, ftiL i canlainlnf [he whole Art and Trade of Kiubandiie.OardcDlnt.aic. Nevlj 



Engilihi 

Oorln lugr. 75*. 1 



Siitk-l Krnitk liber Ht Haamar^iaH ikr PJIamtn. SSS. J. W. Von OSUie. Vemich iibet dk 

Blctamorphneder Fftanaen, stutte 18S1. 8td. 
Ow« Owr, da GMfo. SUM. AnL Gouan, Deacriptiaa du Ginkpi bUohv Kontpelier, 18)1^ 

OouiiN^S^ Id.', HcrborliBlioiudn 

Gamait Hort. IWfl. Id,, Horuu Regiua MDnipclieniia tiL ..„^ , 

Ac Liuduni, I7li«. Sto pi. t. 
Oowa JU. So. Id., Uliulmlanei BotanicB. Tignri, 1773. F<d. 
GoyaH W«u Met. See tinwo Fl. Mamip, 
Gr^Str Ft. Ejiicr. ^H, (irf rii*r iJaltr:'. A T)4,irFgirivc Catalogue of upwanli of 1 100 Spedca aitd 

Ofay'i .In : ".n . i j r.L<-1t I'laibt?, according to Ihoir RelatlOfU to aach 

wi'li ■ I . riiir'iiLu[j introduced arenpialned. By S. r' 

am- Sc. Cr. Ft. SU7. Scolllih Crj|>tiijainic Flora, or nMcripluma of ninU bclongblf cbledy to 

Ortr.Fl.£d. I»it. Flora EdlnnulL Id. Ijltnb, 1814, 8to, pt. 3, 

QrimtirT'l aiettrcl^l Hillorifmrt il SlaHiipui IKT U llirirr,ic I'rr i Sair, tl la FatrkaUtm Ol la 

Satf^rift Jfe. l3S>i. ^fontt 18%. Pampn, Btd, 
<JroH, IMemL I3au, J Fred, Oronorlui, Fiorm OHenlalia, ilva Recenilo Plantarum quai Ruvolaiui 

colkllt. I^K^ Btt. n&S. Bid, 
Omm. rl HaU.FI. Car. i}e. Sea R Qi.olMaH, _ _ 

Virglni* cHlttfl. 

sbft, London, 178S—17Sfi. 4to. 

Cliwrrfua. IJ39v The Guardian, By St«l* iiul othcn. London, 1714. 4<d, 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCIU 

jUtk BoH, 906. F. Ouimpel, Abblldung der deutichen Holsaiten fUr Fontnuinner und 
ItuiMt der Bocanik. BerUn, 1815-1820. t toU. 4to, pL SIG. 
GMU, lUm, 1068. Oiildeoitidt (T. A.), Retwn durch RuMknd, und in caucaiUcbcn Ocbiirge, 

iMfmMff^ieten von. P. L. PallM. St Peterab. 1787. 4ta 
Omm. CmL BSi. Ja Gunone, CsUlogus PlanUnim, que in Horto Rcgio aMenrantur. MeapoL 1821. 

Bra 
Gmmome'g Florm SicuLe Prodrtmuu. 164. Neap. 18S9. 
GmMaome PL Bar. SSI. Id., PlantK rahorei per Rttionet Samnii ac Apnitii coUecUe. Ne^wU, 18S6. 

Uo. pL 66. 
GgtL /m. amee. 181& U OyUenbal, Inaecto Suedca deicripU. Scarii et Lipt. 1808—1887. 

4vola.8Ta 

H. 

BaU. tmed. Tour. 94& Hablisl't PhjiikaL Beacht. d. TauriKben SUUhaltenchaft nach ibrer 

Lagc u. alien drejr Naturreicben. Hann. and 0«nab. 1797. 8to. 
Hini»f Beob. S18& Tbadcuc Hsnke, Beobacbtungoi auf Rei«en nacb dem Rieaen-gebirge, Ax. 

DreMlen, 179L 4to. 
BaO, Hel9. 91991 Albert Vod Haller, Hiitoria Stirplum indigenarum HelTetic Bema, 1768. 

S vob. fol. 
HalL H$$i. W5. See HalL Hd». 
HmUoween. 9082. A poem by Bumn* 
HaWM SkeUke$ in Canada and the United States. 8117. Forty Sketches of North America. By 

Cast. Baul Hall, RN. London, 4to. 
HmITb TraveU in Scotland. 1681. TraTelf in ScotUnd by an unusual Route, with a Trip to the 

Orkneyt and Hebrides : containing Hints for Improvement in Agriculture and Commerce, with 

Cbaracten and Anecdotes, and a Map and Views. By the Kev. J. HalL London, 1807. 

2 ToU. 8to. 
Bam. MSS. £«$. See HamU. MSS. 
Bama. MSS. 3S0. HamUton MS& 

Bamdbookfor Travellers in Southern Germany. 2115. London, 1837. 8va 
Bmrbkesche Baurnxucht tkeils nord-amerikeniscMer und fremder, kc. 190. By J. P. Du Roi. 

1771—1772. 2 vols. 8m 
Bmrding^s Elementary Art. 203. Elementary Art, or the Use of the Lead- Pencil advocated and 

en^ained. By J. D. Harding. London, 1834. Folio. 
Barlefan MS. 513. Harleian Collection of MS. in the British Museum 
Bmrtig's LekrbuehfUr Forster. 2223. Hartig (G. L.), InttrucUon sur la Culture du Bois i I'Usage 

des Forestiers. Translated by J. BaudriUart 1 toL 8va Paris, 1805. 
Basted* s Kent. S4l See Beauties of England, 8[c. 
Uamortk hep. Brit. 182a A. H. Hawortb, Lepidoptera Britannica, sistens Digestionem novam 

Inaectorum Lepidopterorum quse in Magni Britannici repertuntur, &c. Londini, 1803. 8va 
Bamorth's Beview qf Entomology. 1480. In the Entomological Society's Transactions, toL L 
Bawortk Suppl. 25VJ. A. H. Havorth, Supplemeutum Plantarum succulentarum. Lond. 1819. 

8to. 
Bamortk ^fn. Plant. Sue. 965. Id., Synopsis Plantarum succulentarum. Lond. 1812. 8ro, 
Bam. Supp. 2525. See Hawortk Suppl. 

Sup. PL Sue. 2557. See Hawortk Suppl. 



Baylejf's iJ/e and Posthumous Writings of William Cowper. 1764. Life and Posthumous Writingt 
or WUkam Cowper, Esq. ; with an Introductory Letter to the Right Hon. Earl Cowper. By 
W. Hayley, Esq. Chichester, 1803-4. 3 toIs. 4to. 



Abbild. 303. See Hayne Abbild. der drut. Holx. 

Abbild. der dent. Holz. 586. Abbildungder deutschen Holzartcn fiir Forstmanner und Lieb. 

haber der Botanik, herausgegeben Ton F. Guimpcl, entworfen und beschreibung Ton C L 

WiUdenow, in letztrer Rucksicht fortgesetxt von F. G. Hayne. Berlin, 1820. 4to. 
Den. 233. See Hayne's Dcndrologische Flora. 
Bayne Dendr. 1455. See Hayne' s Dendrolt^'scke Flora. 

fne's Dendrologiscke Flora. 415. DendroloRische Flora, oder Beschreibung der in Deutschland 

im fk«ien aus(£iucrnden Holzegewachse. von Dr. T. G. Hayne. Berlin, 1822. 8va 

Term. Bot. 1014. F. O. myne et C. L. Willdenow, Termini Botanici iconibus illustrati. 

Bcrolini, 179P. 4to. 
B B. et Kuntk Nov. Gen. Amer. 503. Humboldt, Bonpland, et Kunth, Nova Genera et Species 

Plantarum. Paris, 1815—1825. 7 vols. 4ta 
Bemffs Continuation qfa Home Tiour. 2549. Continuation of a Home Tour through the Manufkc- 

turing Districts of England, in the Summer of 1835. Bv Sir G. Head. London, 1837. 8vo. 
Bokdrick's Forfarshire. 100. General View of the Agriculture of the County of Angus or Forfar- 

•hire, with Observations on the Means of Improvement, &c By the Rev. James Headrick. 

London, 1813. 8vo. 
BAer's {Biskop) Journal. 919. Hcber's (Bishop) Journey through India. London, 1830. 2 vols. 

4to, and 3 vols. 8vo. , 

BArew Melodies. 1463. Bv Lord Byron. 

Bedw, F. Gen. 528. D. J. Hedwig, Filicum Genera et Species. Lips. 1799. Folio, pi. & 
Beer. Observationes Entomologicse, continens Metamorphoses Coleoptcrorum noanullorum. Turici, 

189S. 8vo. 
Beinskingla, etler Snorro Sturleson*s Nordldnscke Konuga Sagor. 2020. 
Bern. Dtss. 772. See Herm. Diss. 
Bemry VL 838. One of Shakspcare's plays. 
Bert. Banks MSS. 1530. MS& in the Banksian Herbarium. 
Berh. Banke. 1059. Hsnke's Herbarium. 
Berb. Beinwdt. 1168. Reinwardt's Herbarium. 
Bert. Tkib. 5iO. Thibaud's Herbarium. 
BerbaL 1867. See Parkinson's HcrbaL 

Berbats or. Theatre qf Plants^ ^. 52. See Parkinm>n*s Berbal, 4r. 
Be r b arium . 967. See WiUdrnow't Herbarium. 

Herba ri u m Mauritanium. 543. Willemet (P. &), Herbarium Mauritanlanum. Ldpsig, 1796L 8«a 
Bew^ordskire Beport, 884. General View of the Agricttltore of tho County of Hereford, Ac. By 

John DuDCumb, A.M. London, 1805. 8vo. 

aa 2 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

L L. ZunbKb. Lu|d. 

Ihrm. Par. iSt. Id, Panilliui Batanu, Opui pDMbumiim, td. O. Sbenn). Lugd. B4I. USB. Ho. 

Ed. i., LuM. Bit. I7U5. 
Bm. Mil. 713. S« Uim. SSa. /eon 

JStrrem't A^iaiJaira. 1SU8. Gibr. Aloru de HerrrrA, AgrLcultun e«Dn>l BdLc&DiudA pci \t Hul 

SoclnlidEccmamlca MalriteDie. Madrid, IBIS. 4 valt. Bio 
Snrici'i Epmalambim. 1430. Hcit1i± (R.), HspcndOi ar, Warb both IIudu ud DiiiH. 

Lbndon, letB. Hm. 
HuraplyMrm, 4c. ITKL H. HU1«, Hienphrticon, liie Cfncmmuliu Ld Loci Scrlptuta Sura qua 

Fluiunini McDlinnciD hcluDL T>(JkU td Rhtn. I7IS. 4ta. 
BlglUaiidiiifaaitlaiid,»c. 1991. AoEconomlcal HUlorjattheKctnidaudHljhliDdiorSaitlud. 

BfJohii Walker, U.D. E4lnb. 1HU8. SvoIi.Sto, 
UitHtaml Sac. Trmu. Sim. Set high. &«. Trami. 
lBtli.Soc Tram. ilU. Quut«rir Jnimal of Agrlnillurei ind the Pilu &B)K and Tnauefiou 

or Ihe Highland Sodei; of ScDllind. Edinb. IB% In qusHeriT DUDbcn. 8to. 
HillU n I*f PfaUmg and iicnrral Trrabncut qf Bardy Ewngnxu. 5\i. Hlntl on the PlinUng 

and Oenn-al Tcutmenl of Hardy EiergTEcna In Ibt Climate of Scotland, &c. By wiUiiB 

M'Nab. Qlinb. 1831. Fomidl. Bto. 
flij*. 717. &w tilMbrry ii/ tiK Afundet S''amitlf. 
Ma. <lri Oemia. I7M, Sw Xaiiif'i Hirt, rfr. Oiirmpt. 
am aiii Sat. SES. Lang (J. li,). An HUtotiral and SlalUliQal Actount if New Soilta Wala. 

LondDD, 1834. E TiO: IZina. 
nM.cfui%Di(«iiVr. laiO. Oct Lap. HUL ia PI. tilt PyriHltM. 
Wtt. dM JtBMi. ISei. Ksmpftr (EniElben;, Hlnory of Jaiian. Ttinilalcd from High Dutcb. bj 

J. 0, Scheuchier, UffldoD, IT^.i vula. /alio. El Eradullc en FiiDcaU i ut In Vcnlon AnglaUe 

de J. a. Scheuchler, La Btyc, 17%, il >al>. folio. 
AM, fat Hj/memrt SIM. I««[Etler da Saint Fargniu,^ Hlriolie Naturellc da Inwclei H;iiii- 

mw. Atri&^. 16. Kurt sfircDgel, Hiitsila 
AIK. i/fiiiini/. tc. 147. l&ilor]> of Intentloii 

bt Johnilon, London, 17^. 3toIi, Hfo. 
JIUtaiirc da Arbnu di^ rAwPrinr. 14C Btt Mnii. Art., »i. 
Biiloirt dri Arbia a AririucaUT. im. KIrtoliedn Arbreicl ArbTUKiui nuipcunnt itrecultiiia 

enpielni'Tcneiur ieSoliieUFrao™. Parii. IMS, Stota-tyo. 
aiMbt da Arbrii Fotalitrt dt eAntrijiK S^UcnlrianaU. IS9. See Hldiaut'i Arbrci Fa. 

iie dn iionuw. PariJ, 16S4. t^oL 
the 9d ed. or Lontcer'i HMorr or Plinu. - • - 

IBilairr da PlaiUri dt Daap»m(. res. U. Villan, HlitoitedaFlanlndu Dauphui^. OrenoUe, 

muatredayeiiHamKiall'n. sm. Bt A . Brongnlarl. Pull, IB9S, Svo, nl. 117. 
Ilimorr ^ ddrt. nil. Sre HUlairr du Cid't d, '->--- 
A Paper fay LoIifIf 

t KaiartUc, «c. 



in Ptanlamm. 4S. See An'i Hiiuria i 
~ ■>. F, Hbttaann, Hu 



'Agric. Frsitb for IS37. 
IhAuarla PteMonnn. IS. See 7ii»ii«ri 

HM„rla PlmUartam. U. Srr Rnu'i H ,„ , ,„„.^._. 

. jlluiti. LlptiM, 17S5, FoL 

J ___._.J,/P«-™. S039. Fraiet'.. 

Niaort or Cratm. m. Set Wllilattr'l HMary iif Craxn. 

BiOiirv^ Dublin, in. SaWaM'lHilloniafDabla. 

Hlttorn 1^ Edndmrgh. S5. See Amal'l Hillary ii/Edintiirgh. 

HiHortvfEi^ld.W. nr.Utfi. 

Hillary qfUaiclKiltr. SI. Whitaker-i (Her. J.] Hinotr of Mincheatet, InFourBooka. Loidaa, 

Hillorp'qf Meria. SOSl. The Hiilorj of He.leo, eoUKted (ran Spanlih and Meiican HJitoiiaot. 

etc Br tlie AUi^ Clariceni. Tcaoiialrd by Chariea CuUen. Lond. MS!. 3 loia. 4tD. 
KlttTy 1^ ynt englaml. Sali. Dj J. JoMeljn. li>ndon,167a 
Hiilorv ^ JJortkamilinullire. 1777. WlalleT IRei. P.), Hiilorr and AnlinultK* of Nonbarmton- 

ihlre. OiAod, I7S1. Iiolirbiia Compilnl (hini the Mil or Mi. [lnil|«L 
milorp<ifPlamU.lSSS. RuelUui (J.). De Naturi Stirplum. Parii, 1;U6, !bl. BaaUls, 1543. fol. 
HUUi^ Bt StOamt. nSA. Naluiai HiiLorrand Antiiuitia ot Sclboine. Br the Her. O. WUtK 

HluarTi'^ SamrfKUUrt. \ai. Colllmoo (ReT. J.l, The Hiitotr and Aniiqulir of th* Count* at 

Sonenet. Batli, I7gL 3iala.4to. 
BiairytflttAnaulclFanulf.in. The Antiqulllei of Anindel. The pecutlai PitTjItni of tta 

Caalfe and Loidihlp : wltn an Abatnct of tbe Urea oftlie Earbof Arundel from tba CoDoueat 

lolheprefenmroe. London, nsfi. 8>d. 
Hiitarvift^CamilfifDaim. IK. Tba Ancient and Praaent Sute oT the Countf «( Down. Bj 

HiiOrynflliefiTil FaiirUai Ytan iif King Jama. TST. BrSrlTionui G. Cullum. 
HiiKrvqftlie Mogul Empire. 7S3. KlilSte Gtnirale de I-Einpire du Mogul, Pirll, ITQS. "' 
Hwlory oTUe flow. 789. R™enbcig |J. C,|, De Hou laliica Animadvei-' "■ 

}liilt/ry or mUaai. 14i6 See Hufm. Hill. Sai. 

An HUloiicaJ DeKrlptior 



UST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 



fflg* SaL I«M. Gedfi. Ftuii. HoinniinD, innorU SiUcui 



HifMiiiBM n. At*. iar7. HaVlnuiKgg tt Link, t-lon: PanugiiK. Bwoch et Saim, liOS, Fal, 

ftiff •■ 1*7 Claaiatl Plautt q^ JlctTk. IM Sec Hou'i eiicrHiHW, 4c. 

^^MKnudDiu » Uc CtiiiiaK I'^aiui ry jid^.^H Aq Article pobUdicd In tli* Jouiul of 

IUm4'( tramilMUm of Flin', t.'al»ral llirtlirv. 19. London, inDl. S toIi. rolls. 

" *tt, ISO. (Wood CikruT.) A una gl>cnbrlhc (Icrniiiu toiipKlnof PuUicillan.or 

-^innCB, uhI thbcire flnLihnl eitenoiLj Like bwl^ Mud Che back Letter«] vitb theoune 

cf the vood Id dlfltrcDl UnvuiiKe* 

Ah*! E*rrg-Div Sai*. XXI. Hone'j IW.), EreTT-DaT Book ud Yeu Book. Londm, IKG. 

WbTlhdr Noidtj, Birlly, or HIHOIJ. Bj Sir W. J. HookM. London, 

^ Sec ffimt. Oim. Bii(. Ww. 

JAwt. IT. Jde*. Cn^ Sol. Uag. 193§. See Camp. U Bol. Hag. 

AoC Brttiitk Fkn. 17. BritiiA Flori i compciiing Che PhfincKUiiaiu « FIowciIdb PIuU, ud Che 

Fro. Id. Loud. ISSi-lBSa. a loli. Sro. 
Aak; Et. Ft. ISTT, Exotic F\on. Id. Edinh. lS93-ias7. 3 loU. S>a, pL S3i. 
Bh*. n. Bur. Amrr. X». Flon Bomll Asericanm ; compilRl principallr nam the PllDtl coU 

lieud on Che Nortliera Lud EipcditiQii, under Commud oC Opt Sic Joho Fruklin. Id. 

Bib*. Fl .Srvlica, li3. Flora S»tide ; or, a Danipllon orSeoCllih FUnti, urnigedbolh (ccordini 

ID utLOcial «d nituril Hethodi. Id. London, ]8°L !1to. 
Bm*. La»l. 708. Cuctii'i Flora Londinenii^ conllnutd bjr Sir W. J. Hooker. Lond. FoL gee 

Ihat.SeoL isi Srt Hoot. n. So*. 

Btrm. Col. Horl. Hal*. 3^ ito^enupn IJ.*W.), EouBHCaUo Flantirum Uotti Bounici Hunilewie. 

UMfiL 18UT. S'n. 
Bom. Harl. Kri- //lUT ^t»*. J. W. HomemiDD, Uonui Regiiu BoUnlcui HarnlcuU. HarnlB, 

&n. Oiri, Ui^*. Suppl, SB*. J. W. Hotnemsuv HocU BegU Botanicl HaTBIeni]! Supplementuni. 

Hafhii^, 1S19. limo, 
Btt^fiftiTi mitary.ic., tifSxari. 1638. HonHcld (T. W.), The Hiiurf, Anliquiliei, and Topo. 

anph^ofChcCounCjofSnmilk Lewif, IfiSS. Ho. 
Btrt. Acad. LmL Ou. Cat. U. Faului Hcnunn, Haiti Lugduno-BaUrl CaCalcsua Lugd. 

~~ 1 Mode Engllih Flovn-Gudcn. Ac. B; cl|e Author of 




wniii. London, mi. 




: Lond. 1707. Fol 






r, 1778-1799. Folio, 


mlU^nted m Ihc Garden o 


t (he London Iloni. 


nUcultunl Society. Lond, 


1815-1831. TioU. 



ArHAndBm . 
Btrtii. am \ Catilofu l«i m lun^iL 
BarMt dlrUomm Vf M « L«i IB$7. 
rapeu m Set /f aam 
If. Ite Ho— -■■-■■ - 



HamugHdmi ion OuteD-lnipcctor HarCwe*. Catluube, IfSS. »ta. 
m^lm MiJiini £dM«rHiH<i. 1M fee SmtHrrlmd'! Ilarna Ufdlaa fiWuAawnute. 
■iiM TYfFl-T-f- "' Job. Jk DllleolUh Hnnui ElchairmiK. Londini, l73(. t<roU. It 
mi JiHi* IMS. SB A<uni. lUe ja.K nd StrS^lif Oeltmicki. Ik. 
SBV6fcwrt < > hiiU Btt JwlMuy. »c. me. 3aJirita.iieaamtmilSlraiick0iumik*l,: 
am m. ^uHr. tXA. Sw Baf, A AuUr. 



FfliDinHfTitem nach der Anleitunf 
or neiienl HiiliH? ; or, 1 



u the DsUh of CaiitaiiUiic Duch, Adod 



XJST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

kc&uiaiu. 1480. W. BDwUt'iBook or tl»Sai«iDi;iir, theCileDdutf KUun. 
nt. VniUuB KudHD, Flon AD^ta. Loud. ITIS. 1 tdI. Sn. Ed. !.. Loud. 
onplukd, PtntH 6quin«l- 



ObU'i FbUagi ! £weTgrtmi. im. Lci(h Hunl'i FiiUm>i f"™"' LoDd, Itmo. 

. Hunter, U.D. York, 1776. t 
tMBM ami KatfilU Illanit. Mia. A. 



iS. Erdni'i Slln, Kith 
If) JOmnalqf TVr "- 



AecouDt of Eba niDHcUoiii u Foit J*ck 

Load. 17S3. Wo. 
^KtamdryifSaOimd. 389. Ad Account gf lli« SrtMni of Hutbaudrr adf^iUd In Ibe monlm. 

Iiro«iillHRrtctao(acotLuH],Ac. Ediub. 18ISt. Sto. 
frnd^u'i Acmmlitf DwKUUTt. nSS. Tbt H^Kvj tad AatiipiUia anhe CountjotDaimt, tu. 



•jutf. TS. Bt June* Lee. 'Loodon, 1760. Ed. !. ITSB; ed. 3., ITTSi *d. 4., 
n'l Mimilnr. Conducted bj 

IniMt'i Bracrlridnt Hall. IIM. BuMbcidn HiU i or, tir Humounil. Bf CeoSVt Cnito. 

Dmd. 1816. SvoIlMo. 
riilf.74I. lii>,adet encTcla|>adlKheZelt.,Iietiii«tret)cnr<idOkcn. Ijrgc 4>n, nianthi*. 
/(te ^ PoJiiH. 1701. WllHo't (Pnhuoc) Iile of Filou, Cil) al the I'l^c, tec. Load, ft 

Itrmei cfiAe Eirkf^iter. 13S3. tjnid. 1877- Siro. 

Remerluble CuriotltUit olwetTBd Id lYiTeli tl»ou|li 'Omt Brilun. lUO iilius. Ixod. 



•vk; 



, 1773-1778. fi roll. ftH pi. II 



m colonta, et Unctip 



Joe*, .^ut. Ameml. 5L— , 

JgiM. Col. Xi Id, CoUectiiw nd BoUulcum, Ac, ipeetulU. VlndoboU', 1786-1790. 4 Tob. 4ta 

Vol. V. the Sujjplrqimtiiro. 179B. 
Jae^.f. Bel. SH, artJacq.ni.Ecl. 

Jtt^.JU. £cL ve. jM.FniK. Von JncqulD. &;la«aBMulea. Vlcnoi, IBll— 1816. Fol. 
Jar^. Frof. VX. N. J. VDnJMcquin, Fr«iiienuBot«nic.. Vimni, ISUP— IBM. Fd. 



. Uindou, ITM, tlo. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCVU 

Janua Linguarum reMnita, Lat^ Angtioft, eC Gallic^. By John Amof 
liiM. LefnUp, 16S1. 8to. 
t's Gieottngs. 840. Gleaoingi in Natural HUtoiry. By Edward Jetie, Esq. London, 1832. 

MJk AmHqmtiet. 1901 Hoset and Aaron : or, the Ciyil and Ecdcf iaitical Ritct lued among the 
Ancient Hebrews, obserred ; &c. By Tbornan Godwin, or Goodwvn. Oxford, 1622. 4ta 
m§t<m'i {Dr.) Flora of Berwick upon Tweed. 512. Flora of Berwick upon Tweed. By G. John. 
•tmi, D.D. 1829 and 1831. 2 vola. Sra Vol I. containing the Pbaenugamouf, and YoL IL the 
Cryptogamoui, Planta. 
■a. Ger. 659. See Ger. Em. 

i*a Gerard. 243. See Ger. Em. 
Jamir. Fhgt. 244. See Joum. de Physique. 

•u, de Pk^nque. 1826. Paris, 1773, and continued. 4to. 

r. B. Inst. 1491. Journal of Science and the ArU. Edited by W. T. Brande of the Royal Insti- 
tution of Great Britain. Lond. 181& 8Ta Continued annually. 

Acad. Sa. PhUad. 647. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 1817* 
continued. 8vo. 

Hart. Tour. 1965. Sec Journal qfa Horticultural Tour. 
<^Bot. 1195. See Journal qf Botai^. 

of Geo. Soc. 1982. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society. London, 1830—1837. 
7 TOML 8va 

m. qf Travels in Albania. 2049. Some Account of a Journey into Albania. Romelia, and other 
Provinces of Turkey, in 1809 and 18ia By Sir John Cam Hobhouse. Lond. 1812. 4ta 
JomiuU. 2430. See MoorcrofCs JoumaL 
Jommal^ ke. 919. See Bishop Heber's. 

Journal tf Agriculture des Pays-Bas. 1354u Brussels. In monthly numbers 8va 
Journal de Botamque. 1844. Desvaux, Journal de Botanique. Paris, 1808—1814. 5 vols. 8vo. 
Journal de la Society d* Agriculture Pratique. 1358. Paris, 1834. 8vo. 
Journal d'Hist. Nat. 184J. Journal d'UUtoire NatureUe. Paris, 1792. 8vo. 
Journal des ForiU. 616. Paris. 8vo. 

Journal of a Horticultural Tour. 1243. By Dr. Neia Edinb. 1823. . 8vo. 
Journal of a Residence in Norway. 2173. See Laing's Journal. 
Journal qf a Residence in Norway^ during the Years 1834, 1S35, and 1836. 2304. See iMing's 

Journal, ^c 
Jo ur n al qf Botany. 1414. The Journal of Botany ; being a Second Series of the Botanical Miscellany. 

By Sir W. J. Hooker, LL.D. Lond. 1834. 8vo. 
Journal qf Science. Yii>9. See Jour. R. Inst. 
Journal qf the Asiatic Society qf India. 39^ Lond. 1830. 8vo. 
Journal of the Transactions at Port Jackson and NoifoUc Island. 2442. See Hunter^s {Admiral) 

Joum. 
Journey, Sfc. 786. Journey from India to England, in the Tear 1797, &c By John Jackson. 

London, 1804. 8vu. 
Journey from Aleppo to Jerusalem. 2410. Journey firom Aleppo to Jerusalem at Easter, 1697. By 

Henry Maundrell, M.A. Oxford, 1703. 4ta 
Jms. Ann, du Mus. 3^. Jussieu in Annales du Mus6e. 

Juss. Gen. 377. Antoine- Laurent De Jussieu, Genera Plantarum. Paris, 1789. 8va 
,1km. Gen. ed. UstcrL 1S6L Id., Ditto ed. UsterL Turici, 1791. 8to. 

K. 

Kmnp. Amcsn. Exotiae. 2S3. Engelbert Ksempfer, Amoenitatum Exoticarum Politico.Physico. 

Hedicarum Fasciculi quinque, &c. Lemgow, 1712. 4to. 
Emmpf. Ic. 283. Id., Icones Bclcctsc Plantarum, &c. Londini, 1791. FoL 
KaL 1478. See Sang's Planter's Kalendar. 
Kalendar. 2512. See Calcndarium Hortense. 
Kalm Act Suee. 13.09. Kaira in Ditto. See Ditto. 
Ealm Amam. 1125. See Amcen. Acad. 
Kalm It. 1301. Kalm (P.), Travels into North America. Translated by J. Forstcr. Lond. 

1770,1771. 8va 
KastM<tfer*s Voyage dans les Petits Cantons, et dans let Alpes RhiUennes. 2276. Geneva, 1827. 

8to.' 
Keats's Poems. 1320. London, 1816. 8va 
KemUon's Essay on Trees in landscape. 14. London, 1816. 
Kenriel^s American Orchardist. 989. The New American Orchardist ; or. Account of the most 

valuable Varieties of Fruits adapted for Cultivation in the United States. By William Kenrick. 

Boston, 1833. 8vo. 
t^mrick's American SUIcGrower^s Guide. 1351. The American Silk'Grower's Guide ; or, the Art of 

raising the Mulberry and Silk on the System of Successive Cropa in each Season. Id. Boston, 

U. S. 1835. Small 8va 
Ker Sot. Reg. 358. See Bot. Reg. 

Key to Structural, Physiological, and Systematic Botany. 222. See Lindley*s Key. 
King's Survey of the Cotistqf Australia: 9591. London, 1826. 8vo. 
ISsvy and Spence's Introduction to Entomology. 618. An Introduction to Entomology : or. Elements 

of the Natural History of Insects, &c. ByWUliam Kirby, ML A.,&c, and William Spence, F.LS., 

&c London, 1815, 2 vols. 8vo. New ed., London, 1826, 4 vols. 8vo. 
Knlpk. Cent. 1014. Joh. Hier. KniphofP, Botanica in Originali seu Herbarium vivum, Centurise IS. 

Hals. 1757—1764. Fol 
Knoop PomoL 891. Joh. Herm. Knoop, Pomologia. Ed. HoU., Lceuwarden, 1758. Ed. GalL, 

Amsterdam, 1771. Fol. 
Kaorr Del. 1049. Georg. Wolfgang Knorr, DelicisB Nature selectse, oder Auserlessene, &e. 

NUmberg. 1766—1767. 2 vols. fol. 
Knorr His. 238. See Knorr Thes. 
Ksu>rr Thet. V3/IQ. Id., Thesaurus Rdi HertMrisehortenslsque universalis. Noumb«rg, 1770— 1772. 

2vola.ibl. 
Kok. tI4& Walne Ursache der Baumtrokniss der Nadel-walder. Niimberg, 1786. 4to. 



CCVIU LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Kock*» Comm. 1464 De Salidtnit EuropKl* Commentetlo. Auctore O. D. J. Koch. ErUngen, 

I88& ISmo. 
Kroek. FL Sil. 755. Ant Joh. Krocker, Flora SUeiiaca renoTaU. VratiiUvic^ 1787—1790. S to1«. 

8Ta 
Krvek. SOa. 781. See Krock. FL SO. 

Kih. Nov. Sp. Amer. 509. See H. B. et Kunik Nov. Gen., 4r. 
Kuntk Nov. Gen. Am. 481. See H. B. et Kunth Nov. Gen. i(c. 



Lab. PI Spr. Dec. 702. See LabiUard Ic. PianL, ^c. 

LabilL Nov. Cai. 663. Labillardidre (J. J.), Sertum Auttro-Caledonicum. ParU, 18S4. FoL 

LabiU. Nov. HoU. 357. See LabiU. Speci$n. 

LabUl. PL Svr. 1S13. See iMbiUard Ic. Plants Ac. 

LabilL Spectm. Nov. HolL 2102. Jac JuL LabtUardidrc, Novb HoUandue Plantarum Specimen. 

Parif , 1804—1806. 2 vols. foL 
LabiUard. Ic. Plant. Syr. 2494. Id, Icones Plantarum Syria rariorum. Decades v. Paria, 1791^ 

1812. 5 Tolc 4ta 
Lady qf the Lake. 2493. By Sir Walter Scott 
La uertualemme Liberata. 1382. See Gerusalemme Liberata. 
Lag. Gen, et Spec. 333. Mar. Lagasca, Genera et ^>ecies Plantarum que aut Nots aut nondum 

rcctd cognoacuntur. Madriti, 1816. 4to. 
Laing's Journal qfa Residence in Norway. 2173. London, 1836. 8to. 
Lamg's Norway. IG54k See Laing's Journal. 

La Maison de Campagne. 138. Par Made. Aglae Adanson. Paris, 1826. 8va 
Lain. Diet Encyc. 233. Jean Bapt Monet de la Marck, Encydop^^ie M^thodique Botaoique. 

Paris, 1783—1796. 4 vols. 4to. Vol V. et seq., see Poir. Diet. 
Lam. III. 255. Id., Illustration dea Genres. 2 toU. of text, and 900 pU. 
Lamarck MS. 1452. 

Lamb. Gen. Pin. 1934. See Lambert's Monograph^ S[e. 
Lamb. Pm., cd. 2. 22U6. See Lamberts Monograph. Ac. 
lAmbert's Monograph qf the Genus PHuu. 188. A Description of the Genus Pinus. By Aylmer 

Bourke Lambert;, Esa., F.R.S., Pres. Linn. Soc. &c London, 1832. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Land Steward 1223. The Nc4)leman, Gentleman, Land Steward, and Surveyor's Complete Guide, 

&c London, 1787. 8vo. 
Landscape-Gardener. 129. See Davis*s (Dennises) Landscape-Gardener. 
Language qf Flowers. 14ri4. Loudon, 1834. 12ma 

VAnmuaire du Cultivateur. 615. L* Annuaire, &c. Par O. Romme. Paris, 1795. 6ro, 
Lanth Ac. 420. Lanth (Th.), Disscrtatio dc Acere. Strasburg, 1781. 4to. 
Lap. Hist, des PL des Pyrinies. 2209. See La Peyr. Abr. 
Lapeyr. Abr. 353. See La Peyr. Abr, 
La Peyr. Abr. 58a Philippe Picot de la Peyrouse, Histoire abr6g§e des Plantes des Pyrfofiea. 

Toulouse, ISia 8va 
La Peyrouse Sum. FL Pyren. 2209. Id., Supplement to the above. Toulouse, 1818. 8to. 
La Bosiire de Saleney. 792. A Drama, in Madame de Genlis's Tb^tre d'E'ducation. London, 

1788. i2mo. 
Latr. BisL Ginir. 2140. Latreille (P. A.), Considerations G^nirales sur les Anlmaux composant 

les Classes des Crustacea, des Arachnides, et des Insectcs. Paris, 18I0l 8va 
Lauder's Gilpin. 90. Gilpin's Forest Scenery. Edited by Sir Thos. Dick Lauder. Edinburgh, 

1894. 2vols.8va 
Lator. Bos. 750. A Collection of Roses from Nature. By Miss Lawrence. London, 1799. Fol. 
Lawric Todd. 213a A novel bv Gait 
Lavuon*s Manual. 2157. See Agric Manual, 

Laxm. Nov. Act Pet. 682. Laxmann in Nova Acta Acad. Pctr. See Nova Acta., 4«. 
Le Bon Jnrdinier. 189. See Bon Jard. 
Le Botaniste Cultivateur. 189. Sec Botaniste Cultivateur. 
Le Langage des Fleurs. 623. Paris. 12mo. 

L'Echo du Monde Savant. 2529. A French periodical. Paris, 1834, and continued. 
Led. Fl. Boss. Alt. lU. 727. See Led. Icon. ^c. 
Led. Icon. PL Fl. Boss. 2338. C. F. Ledebour, Icones Plantarum novarum vel imperfecte oogni 

tarum, Floram Rossicam, imprimis Altaicaro, illustrantcs. Rigc, &c., 1829. Fol. pi. loa 
Ledeb. Ind. Ilort Dorp. Suj^. 691. Ledebour, Supplement to the Catalogue of Plants in Donat 

Garden for 1824. 
Legacy, Ac. 1353. By Samuel Hartlib. Ed. 2., 1651 : cd. 3., 1655. 

Lehm. Pot. Diss. 747. J. G. C. Lehman, Monographia Generis PotcntillanmL Lipeise, 1820. 4ta 
LeUch Buddie's Journey to St. PeterOmrgand Moscow^ 1836L 625. London. 8vo. 
Lt^eune FL Spa. 718. A. L S. L^eune, Flore des Environs dc Spa. Lidge, 1811— 1813L 2 vdIsl 8va 
Lempriere's Class. Diet. 1307. Lemnrierc's Classical Dictionary. 2084^ London, 1792. 8va 
Lepu. Javanica. 1820. A Descriptive CatalMue of the Lepidopterous Insects contained in the 

Museum ofthe East India Company. By Dr. T. Horslleld. London, 18^ 1829. 4ta 
Ijts Aerimens de la Campagne, Ac. 367. Leyden and Amsterdam, 1750. 4to. 
Ijts Annales de Fromont. 189. See Annates de Fromont. 
Les Jardins. 2472. A poem by I'Abbi Delille. 
I4es Obs., S[C., en Grice, Asie, et autres Pays Strangers. 1554. Pierre Belon, ou Bellon, Les 

Observations de plusieurs Singularity trouv^es en Grtee, Asie, Jud6e, E'gypte. Arabia. Paris. 

1554. 4ta Ed. 2., Anvers, 1^5, 8va 
Les PUdsirs du Gentilhomme Champitre. 941. A poem bv Nicholas Rapin. 1583. 
Les Bases. 749. Les Roses. Par J. P. Redout6 : avec le Texte, par C. A. Thory. Paris, 1817. 

3 vols. 4Ca 
7>s Vig4taM* Bisineux, Ac. 2061. Les V^gHeaux R^ineux, tant indigenes qu 'exotiquct. Par 

F. 8. Duplessy. Pans. 1802. 4 vols. 8va -• ^ i 

Idtutn^* Synapsis Generum Composilarum. 1063. Berolini, 18S2. 8va 
Letter on a new Way qf planting Aeoms. 1787. See Method fitr decreasing the CotunmaUm ^ 

Timber in the Navy, ^. ByT. Nichoto. ^* ^-^ir 



LIST OF BOOKS K£F£11R£D TO. CCIX 

iHUm, 177€l Lcttcn addrened to a young Gentleman, on the SuMect of Literature. &c. By 

C. Davy. London, 1789. 8to. 
LeUert, bl. Letten written by the late Jonathan Swift, and lereral of his Friendc, Arom the Year 

I7t)3 to 17M. Published ft-om the original, with Notes by J. Hawkesworth. London, 1767. 

S vols. 8va 
Letire $mr U Robtnitr. 616. Lettre sur le Robinier, &c. By M. Francois de Neufchiteau Paris. 

MQ& 12ma 
VH^. Stnrp. Norn, 255. See VHirit. Slirp. Nov. 

ViUriL Com. 1010. C. L L'H^ritier, Cornus sen Specimen Botanicum. Ac. Paris, 178a FoL 
VHifiL Din. 10681 Id., IKssertationes, nerope Louichea, Buchosia, Michauxia, Hymenopappus, 

l^irgilia, Michauxia. Paris. Fol. 
VHirU. Hort. Par. 14ia L'Heritier in Hortus Parisiensis. 
VHtrU. Serf. 475. See L'HerU Serl. AngL 

VHdrM. Serf. AngL 1069. Id., Sertum Anghcum seu Plants rarlores, kc Paris, 1788. FoL 
VHirii. Stirn. Nov. 6Si. Id., Stirpes nove aut minus cognit«. Paris, 1784, 1785. 6 fasc fol. 
VHistoire NatmreUe de la Rote. 749. J. L M. GuUleman, Histoire Naturelle de la Rose. Pkris. 

I80U. Sva 
L'Bamnme de* Champ*. ISCfJ. L* Homme des Champs, ou les Georgiques Francaises, avec des Notes. 

Par J. Delisle. Strasbourg, 1799. 8vo. 
Life and Pottkumou* fVritings of 11'. Cowper. 1764. By Wm. Hayley. Chich. 1804. 4 vok. Sra 
Ltfir qf Constantitte. 1780. The History of the Church, and Eusebius's Life ot Con«Untine London. 

l&a FoL 
Life qf Lord Kaimt. 94 See Woodhouselee's Life qf Lord Kainu. 
ligk^f. Scot. 765. Flora Scotica j or, a Systematic Arrangement, in the Linnaean Method of the 

natJTe Plants of Scotland and the Hebrides. By John Lightlbot London, 1777. 2 vols. 8vo ; 

fid ed. 1789. 
LAl Anutn. 237. See Liiut. Amcen. Acad. 

Ameem. Acad. 1314. Carolui Linncus s. Von Linnc, Amoenitates academical, seu Diss, antehac 

scorsim ediue. Holmis et Lipsisp, 1749 et seq., 10 vols. 8vo; ed. 2., Holmiae, 1762 et seq. ; ed. 

&, cur. J. C. D. Schrebero, Erlansae. 1787—1790. 

Erie. Iu87. Linnspus (Car.), de Erica, in Amopn. Acad. 1770. 
Lim. FiL St^p. 475. Carolus Linnsu* Alius, Supplementum Plantarum. Brunsvigse, 1781. 8to. 
Lim. Pi. Lapp. 1 106. Carolus Liiincus s. Von Linue, Flora Lapponica. Amstelodami, 1737, 8vo; 

ed. 2., cur. J. E. Smith, Eq. Londini, 1792. 
Us. Oos. 246. Id., Genera PlanUrum. Leidse, 1737; ed. 2., Leidc, 1742; ed. 3., Leidc, 1752; 

•d. 4., Holmia, 1754; ed. 5., Holmic, 1764 ; ed. 6., Vienna?, ITH7 ; ed. 7., cur. J. J. Reichard, 

FrancoC Men. 1778; each 1 voL 8vo: ed. 8., cur. J. C. D. Schreber, Francof. Men. 1789—1791, 

8 Tola. 8to. 
Lka. Gen. PL ed. Schreber. 1290. See Lin. Gen.^ ed. viiL 
Lin. Hort. Cmf. 1261. Id., Hortus Cliffbrtianus. Amstelodami, 1737. FoL 
Urn. Hort. Up*. 1292. Id., Hortus Upsaliensis. Stockholm, 174& 8va 
Lin. JUani. 256. Id., Mantissa Plantarum altera. Holm. 177L 8to. 
Un. Mai. Med. 552. Id., Materia Medica. Hulmis, 1749. Ed. Schreber, 1772. 
Urn Set. Thes. 542. See Seba The$awr. 
Lim. Sp. 231 See Lin. Sp. PL 
Un. Sp Plan. 52SL Id., Species Plantarum. Ed. 1., Holmis, 1758, 2 vols. 8vo ; ed. 2., Holmte, 

1762, 1763, 2 vols. 8vo ; ed. a, Vindobonse, 1764 ; ed. 4., by J. J. Reichatd, Francof. Mam. 1779, 

1780, 4 vols. 8vo ; ed. 5., by C U WUIdenow, Berolini, 1797—1810, 5 voU. Sva 
Lin. ^*t. Nat. 1893. Linniraa (Carl.), Systema Natune. Lugd. Bat. 17:15. Folia 
Lim. ^f$i. Veg. 596. J. A. Murray, C. Linnsi Systema VegeUbilium. Gottings et Goth«, 1744: 

Gottingae, 1784; Parifiia, IIM. 
Lim. Tran*. SS. Transactions of the Linnsean Society of London. London, 1791, and continued. 

27 voU.4to. 
Limd. Widest. 170& Linderseu Understolpe (J.), Flora Wicksbergensis. Stockholm, 1760, 8vo: 

ed. 2., 1728. 
Limdt. ColL 932. CoDectanea Botanica ; or. Figures, &c., of rare and curious Exotic Plants. By 

Dr. Lindley, F.R.S, Ac. Lond. 1821. FoL 
LmdZ, Hort. Trans. 701. Dr. LindU'y in the Horticultural Society's I'ransactions. See HorL Trant. 
LimdL Introd. to Bot. mi. Id., Introduction to Botany. London, 1K32, 8vo; ed. 2., London, laiu. 
LimdL Introd. to N. S. 99i. See LituUty's Introduction to the Natural Suttem. 
LimdL Lin. Trans. 931. Dr. Lindley in the Linnspan Society's Transactions. See Lin. Tirans. 
LimdL MSS. 1934. Dr. Lindley's MSSl 

LimdL Nat. Sytt. of Bot. 935. See Lindley^s Introduction to the Natural System. 
LimdL Ru. Mon. 74a Id., Rosarum Munogra|>hia. London, 182U. 8vo. 
Umdl. Spnops. 2a Id, A Synopsis of the British Flora, icc London, 1829. Small 8to. Ed. 2. 

1835. 
Lktdiem's Introduction to the Natural Spgtem. 222. Id., An Introduction to the Natural System of 

BoUny. London, 1830, 8va Ed. i. 1835. 
Limdlf^s Key. 265. Id., A Key to Structural, Physiological, and Systematic Botany, for the use of 

Ciassea By Dr. Lindley, F.R.a, &c. London, 18:^5. 8vo. 
Llmk Enum. 527. H. F. Link, Enumeratio PlanUrum Horti Regii Botanic! Berolinenais altera. 

Bcrol. 1821, 1822. 2 vols. 8va 
Link et Otto Abtiid. 993. See Abtild. der Deutschen Holxarten. 
Link BerL Abhand. 2598. See Abhand. Acad. BerL 

Limit Jakrt. 1204. H. F. Link, JahrbUcher der Gewiicbskunde. BerUn, 1880. 8vo. 
Ummeta. 948. F. U Von Schlechtendahl, Linnca : ein Journal fUr die Botanik in ihrem gansem 

Umfange. Berlin and Halle, 18V6 -183a 10 vols. 8vo. Continued. 
JMuueam Correspondence. 54. A Selection of the Correspondence of Unnspus and other Naturalists, 

fhnn the Original Manuscripta By Sir J. £. Smith. London, 1821. 2 vols. 8to. 
Usi ^ the Plants collected in Ross's Voyage. 1608. By R. Brown, in Ross's Voyage. London. 

lasa 4to. 

LOerary Panorama. 1778. A weekly perioilicaL London, 1815. 

Lot. Ad». 586. See L'Obefs Adversaria. 

Lot. Icon. 549. Bfathias lie Lobel seu Lobelius, Stirpium Icones. Antverpia, 1591. 4to. 

VOtets Adversaria. 95. Id., Siirpium Adversaria nova, &c. London, 160^. Fol. 

Bot. Cab. 250. The Bounical Cabinet By Conrad Loddigea and Sons. London, 1817— 18S4. 
90 vda. 12mo and 4to. 

bb 



Ca LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 



t ti-i™ 


, 1J06 ; 


! ToU. 


.Qa.qfFTlliU. 




^Hi-tari. 


= ^md 


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unjuipci 


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gTOk. 


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LoEdamm 


n,fdlcl. dc 


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Kfda 

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LiM.Cia.4n. ACntalMuecirFUnth'Ac.ln tfaiHu 

Publltbed ■ohiuUt- IVma. 
Lac/LRa. lOTS. FMr. LSainf, Regt (il ipuiiki Suidemi. EiL Linn. Slockh. ITU, Bra; td. Ocrm. 

X«i. PrvH. ie?H ' Job. LocHllui. Flori PiuhIu. Reglamanll. 17(0. i<a. 

Loll. Fl. GalL set. LoiKleutDttlontchimiiLFIoriiCiUica. Pirlilii, ISU6, ISCPT. Inli. Umo. 

Lak. Heri. AmaL 16B BL LolKl«ur Dsfongcbiinpi, In llerbl«r dr I'Ainileur, i Fnocb 

Iw. VotSTS. Id., NDtkemilaPUntaaiijauttrtliFlDrgdcFriiice. Puii, 1810. Bra 
Lull. HMw. M^ 977. LolKleui dn I^nicbunpi [J. I.. A, H), Noutuu Dictiomi^n d'HiiMn 

Naiuidli; 1818, amtlnufd. 36 'oU. 
Zobetoir DtiiO'lirkiimtfi Hitlairc da CliAi«. Mil. 5a Hittairc du CUrc. 
Lem*m and I^Mt-i Baind Gardner. 364 The Retired Oitdener - *-"■' • Tr.n.lulnn nT 

LomdOK mrtUilbinl SvOclift Calalot^ur iif FnUi. IX. Srr Horl. Sac 
Ltudan BortlaiUiiTlU Saeittf'l Tnttuacliau. 103. See Horl. Traiu. 
latlter'iHiMlvrtiltFlaUi. 9S. Lcalcemi {A.), BUiDlcpn inanU 

Zjw. Cue*. £3£. See Lnr. FT CkMii. 

Ljomr. FL Cochin. €19. Joanne* De Lourclro Flwv CochlnclilneniU 

itOi Ed. £,, cur. C I. WLlldenow, BenJinl, 1J9S, StoIi 8to. 
IwM't TViBU. IT17. New TruulitioQ of lulih, Ac. B| the Kit 

ZmiIid. £riMB Fa. ISUl C 6. Ludwlf, Eclina Veteubillum ITobu 

HlIlB, ITSO. FdI. 
£«« Hn4, 111L Lvon'e Haitwium. 
ZjuMivf JVdn, PibA IWl. LnoDH (P.), RKhnuho luc 1* AniUnii 

dlfftrenla Eqttai d'lDHOHL Ouvnge pofthume, public par 

J^/Kn'i Kiaima Df latin. iS. BiriiOH of London, Ac. By tb* Ret. Daniel Lriooi, AH, fte 



JfaeMA sm. OneoTShiknmiR'iFlaTa. 
ItaAav Ft. atent. aiSS. See Mada/t Mi* Ftora. 
Maclrat-i Flora Hiternica. IIIB. See J/ackvV M,k Flan. 

Madit'i AM Fln-iL 107. Flora HIbemIca; eonptliing the FloweHne Flanti, Femt, Chancra, 
Miud, Hepallec, lichenra. and Alt* oTlrdand, Ac By .1. T. Harlujr, ILRI.A, Ac. Ihili- 

Mack^-i Lin t^ I'riih PliaU. !i75. A CaUlngue of the Flanti Aiund In Iieland, with Dscriptloaa 

lit- ofBM. imi ZooL sm, Haaai'iiV o( Zsoloir and BnUn;, Conducted br Sir W. Jardine. 
jBait, i P. J. Selby, Eh). i aiM Dr. Johnuon, In 1838, 1837. Canlinued now (1838) under 
the title of Annala of Nalural Hlilorj (Including Geolonr}, lujierinlended bj ihe une 
fentlenun. In eonjunctlen wlUi Sir W. J. Hooker. London. Bfo. PubUalied ererr two 

Mann. KK^rlap. IS£!)). Hilbn'i Magutn Enriclopfdlque, on Joumd deaSdencee, Ac. Parti, 

I7!B,«c. 8io 
UaiaiUr itf Ifal. NIU. n. Hagaiine or Naluriil Hiilan. Conducted bj J. C. LDUlcn,F.I.S,Ac. 

Land. 1898. 8>o, puUUhlDE in nunllii; numbcra. lU 'oli. now publJil»d (isai). 
Mi^.Bol.ax. See «>||M>1 ibr. 
Jfifo. HmI. Wvw, K«. See VtuTi. Mdo«, 

MiUa.Mntf.UM. Id.. Hnrtualt>(llia Moinpelienili. MOIHpelll, lra7. Sro. 
It^mlBU-Sn. FMruaUasnol, BDtanlcoi>Uon<|>eilenw MonrpeUi, Iffla. limo. 
jSKM"! au. afAUm. «J. UHtland-a <W.| Hiilcry <;r Edinburgh, tram iu FoundaUon to Hw 

pieMniTime, Edlnburfh, 17&3. Fnlla 
Mn/iuftn'* /.oirfn.. 7W IjmrtinumBHllvltuin; ot, dm AndeDlHiuorr, and Modem Danlplkn, 

afLrmdon. Lond. ISM— ISOS. *.oli. «o. ^^ 

Mam. 315*. See AfricMa. MamaL 
MaoAu '™' Oratf'i Swrnr. £5. The Kluoif and Antlqullic* lA Surrer. Bi Owen HauBlnc 

Ld5i. 1804. ftdio. ^ 

Mtntiim. SOaS. SnLlit. Maml. 

Mmvvod an Ftrrat Lav. V,il. TreatiK on the Lan of the Feml and of the Purlleo. BrJIdiD 

Vonuci'i n'.Hat. SSJi. Haniock'i (B.) Floricultural MagaHne and HlicellaBT of Oanhnlnf. 
land. 1836. fn monlhlj N«. Sro, ^^ 

llBTBetRnvUdfiPlatii,%e..depliainniltt ClUlrint, Gmtlit, kc. 1138. Parti, I8SI. 
Marj^«Ho( mr fcr HanaamU, yf/^inlr. a Aatmalti dm CUni. 1722. Set E-al iMr la aar- 

Marik. Ar*. Amrr. KS. Uumphrei Uinhall, Aibuitun Amerkanuiu : th« Annicoiatan 

Ac. Philadflph. 1785. Sto. 

Jtaniall am PlamJliif oad RmtoI O^mrml. 1190. PlanHni and Buial Oniment, Ac. Lood. 1TB, 
Knl. StOied.C.Lond. i;»l, i toU. 8Tn. Mr. Hardiall'inaue la not pultnellher edition 

Mvc. n. 'twf. 1731. Flora Buitlca. Bi Thouiaa Martin. Lond. 1T92— l-hM. 4>oU8Ta. 

Mart. vol. 319.' See MaMtK't .Vll^. 

Mortfn rl Rid, Dlfu/rtUiuiieH V.i(la>rHai LOri Sim. 1090. LunL 1608. FoUo. 

Moriyii't MUt 303. See Marlgni Uiller'l Dfctionar^. 

itofM'i WAt'i IMtUpmarii. 9S0. Oatdmer*! DIctloniry : or, a complete Bratem of Hortkulma. 
BTJPhlHn^MUWr. F.H.& toKLITi^ Seota. fbL, Ivpcond odlrUiB, «UMd bf FrottMir 



LIST OF BOOKS aEF£RK£D TO. CCXl 

ifaitH ya-wM. nssL bi bw jouob. 

KutritltHia. IS4I. Fr. Gtoirtoj, Tneutui de KitnU H«flrl. FuK, 1741, SToli.tn. 

VaMlis n«, * .Ob. «o. . "• • 

W«W il m i AbMl TiMn'.^i;. UW. On Stnl Tlmbn and Artmlcultun j wilb eriUcal Nota 

OS AuUicn who luiTt reeenUjr Imud on U» lulilKt of Pluitlni. Bj Fwnck MulUww. 

LlBd. 1B3I . BoTal 8>o. 
JWi*. HW. 1315. HuihliiU (P. A.), ConincaurU In DncDrldm da HaUri* Mtdld. Vale*. 

JSM, FoL 
JMU. r^r. 97£ Matthkdl Open •turn nuol nmnli, nlldit C. Biuhln. Fnnu. IA& FoL 
UnM"! KMMk Cardn. KS. Ttic BuUnle Oudcn ; or, Miguine of Hard; Flownlni Plub 

cullL»lKl in Uieai flrluin. Br II. Maund, Ek)., F.I.S. Bcgim In 18S+, and cmtinuid 

JTCa flirt S77. Sec ircMotJfi D-rtiMnry.tc. 

Wl^ttiefi OKtkman of Commera. '.■-'Sk A acttonarr, PruUcil. TlHontlci], and HMortiia], of 

Cominetn, Ac. Bt J. R. UTullncn. Ed.!. Land. LS34. Sio. 
Mrzk. it»,. tGj. HccAuiic'i Maaailn.'. Load. lS23-ia37. «? Toll. Sio. Conlinued. 
JM. A«^ Mtdkal Flora : otTMinual at tht Medical BManr of Ihit tlnllcd Slala ofNoitll 

AnMtlea. Bf C. S. HabaaqUT. Fhiladelpllia. IBtS. £toIi. Bto. 
IbA GckL nt. HbUcw (F), Oaactaichw der Bounlk unwrir ZeiUn. Munich, ITEa tro. 
Mitral Bobmrn. ta. StmSlcphtniBHaniaaiTilUlfl MiOiral Balatty. 
MHitrnttwdnUaiapUial Eai^. SOW. Euail. MMical and EawnmcRlal ; U which an addad 

HclcMMliUiiiraiirDtiiaici. B* J. FerdTal. H.D. Loud. ife?~inS. 3tdI>. BTa, 
Jtert. /an. lUli. NkoL Manfaurg, FluUnim aelecunim lonci pirtaf , Lu(d. Bat. 17B& 

J ir fc tflt 'i(Ijrd)£afcrWJ!pn>«ri'«-i<iia), jEio. 1809. Pamph. Bra. jgia 

Hoa. « Cgrr. if Prptt !«U3- Mrnioin of Samuel FcpTi, Etq.. Ac. London, Wg. S nil. 

Jf*™. Jf DmnartU in Joum. dc PUfpjae. 199S. Sae J»nu; de P/^Uaut. 

Jffn. aer.i,,i,i dn jc<n>. 172^ Src ifemnirci lie FAauL lit' Sclatcei. 

nil dH SeiflicM Halhtnuthjutt M Fhj. 
W^M.^'^i. I . ..(.id'll'litaireKilunlle. Faiii, IS15, 1S1& Mo. 

Waa.'sntJmB'.VJf'.MM;. ViTji 

UeaoDW, ham 1T8S. Vo. 
JM«.iB-riHtf.IM, ACiAv. ITS. HtincjlRi,Ac Par H. Di SccondtC. Fari^ 1T89. Fol. 

-,,"--, . , .. •ITrtti.ir.en. Bi 

W. Wlihei,, iUq. 
Mtmtti <m Uc DbU Palm. 14£ B; A. Hlcbaui. 

Mtmalr im Ike Roadi tit OnkoAnla. Ism. Br Miior-G«icra1 Napier. Lund. 1 MS. Sra 
Htwietrt nr la OiiiKt. tM. Louli Bac, M^moirei >ur lei dinc.nui &p^cea da Cbtncaqul 

croUieni en France. Pari!, 1§0S. «o 
U tw B tr r or le Pigiarr. 136B. Br Bernard, in the Journal deFh]ri:que. Tom. 99. 
Ktmaimmr It ZrUmuI. IKS. Stt Uillu. Mim. lUT Ic ZeOcoua. 

M^matrt nr la Manoiu fltulr. 147. Far H. Bon da St. Hilaire. Firii, llmo, and tn «0. 
lUmiiirc nr la Pimi. 140. Br Foufercui de BandarD)' ; publiihcd In the Hfanolia de I' Acidemia 



Pari!, 1750, i 

Mimuiia'irAgrlcii/n,rr. 13S. Mtmoirea d'AtrlcuUure, d'E'conomie Runic at DomeKlnue, Ac 

Parte. 17S^J7»I. M toIi. S>o. 
lUmoira pritaiUt i t Acadimit ttti SiiaKa ic St. Pilcrthourg. 17lS. Stt tion. Ad. Pil. 
JIAmm nr Jit Cmiflra. 0)96. Himolrei nir 1h CoDlKiee et lea Crcadta: ourraf* nat- 

bume de L. C. Klchard. termint et nulilli par AchiUe Richard Rte. Sluttiard M Farb, 

tssa. bto. 

IHmatrtt tmr la 40lmla Eipicri di IMne aui cniiienl m Frmct, n lur ix$ E'Iramgm 
i rEmptre nf K eallltnit dam Iri Jarditu tl P^p^tim da Entinmi dr ParU, ic. 
17K. Br LudoT. But PublUhcd in the Xta. it I'lniUL NaUonal de Ftnce, bl 

I. dl4. MemoLrt of the Anerlcaa Acadcinjr of Artt and 

MtmairtifUir Lilfrary Societf of HoMcheilrr. 11^51. Ueaioirt of the Literary and FfailoiofihiBal 

MtmaiTttfllii HiauxaTialKllte /cwM. i¥B. A Collectioi of the matt lnterc«ln( Uliiionaif 

Voragea, Ac London. IB05l ]£mo. 
Mimtiii ^lie Ka&al Aeadima sfStlnea at Madrid. {MS Set Analri di lai Oaic. Nat. 
ibmortmSalpmriind. K. See SlMaATi Mmeria B^o¥Haim. 
tlimarialid'a^ard. XflB. Br Dr. Infram. Oaford. JS33— 1887. 3 toIl Sio. 
Mt. K. Par. ToS. F. V. H«nt Nouvrile Flore da EnTlrontde FariL Parli, ISll. Sra 



CCXU LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Mexico. 9485. Ward's (H. O.) Mexico in 1827. London, S voli. Bra. 

Jiey, Fen, PJIamx. Cauc. 1587. Meyer (C. A.), VerzeichniM dcr Pflanzen welche wahrcnd der, *c. 

Petenburg, 1831. Sva 
3PGregor'$ Sketches qf the MarUime Colonies qf British America, S11& London, 1888. 8to. 
Mich. Arb. S61. See Micham's Arbres forestiers, ^. 
Mich. Fl. Bar. Amer. SS7. Andre Michaux, Flora Boreali- Americana. Parisiis, 180S. 8 

▼ola. 8va 
Mich. Gen. 1186. P. A. Micheli, Nora Plantarum Oenera. Florentic, 1729. FoL 
Michaux's Arbres de fAmMque. 135. See Michaux*s Arbrest 4rc. 
Michaux's Arbres Forestihes de rAmdrique. 21ia Andr§ Fnn^. Michaux fill, Hictoire det 

Arbre* forestiert de I'Ain^rique Septentrionale. Paris, 1810—1813. 3 vols. 4to. 
Michaux's Histoire des Chines Amiriques. 1864. Andr# Michaux, HUtoire des Chines de 1' Ame- 

rique Septentrionale Parii, 1801. fol^ ed. Oenn, ^ Kerne, 1808. 
Miehx. fil. N. Amer. ^l. 1873. Andr6 Fran^oif Michaux, North- American Sylva ; or, a De- 

tcription of the Foreat Trees of the United States, Canada, and Nova Scotia. Translated from 

the French by A. U Hillhouse. Paris, 1819. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Mkhx. M(m. sur le Zelkoma. 1409. A. Fran^- Michaux, M^moire sur le Zelkoua. Paris, 1881. 
Michx. Quer. IN69. See Michaux's Histoire des Chines. 
Midsummer Night's Dream. 901. One of Shakespeare's Plays. 
Mill. Ic. 2^1. Figures of the Plants described in the Gard. Diet. By Philip MUler. London, 

17fiO. 2 vols. fol. 
Mia. lUust. 399. Johan. Miller, lUustratio Systematis Sexualis Linnci. Londini, 1777. Fol. 
Miner's Dictionary. 54. The Gardener's Dictionary. By Philip Miller. London, 1731 ; ed. 8. 

1733: ed. 3., 1737; ed. 4., 1741; ed. 5., 1747; ed. 6., 1752; ed. 7., 1759; ed. 8., 1768; ed. 9., 

see Martyn's Mitler. 
MUne's Botanical Dictionary. 77. A Botanical Dictionary. By Colin Milne. London, 1770. 

8va 
Minutes on the Method adopted by Mr. Robert Turner of raising Oaks. 1804 In Gard. Mag., 

vol. viii. 
Mirbel Mhn. Mus 8468. Mirbel in M^moires du Museum. See M6m. Mus, 
Mirror. 2081. The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction. London, begun in 188S, 

and continued in weekly Nos. 8vo. 
Misc. Writings^ 9[C, 8414. Evelyn's Miscellaneous Writings, edited by Upcott London, royal 4ta 

1885. 
Miscellaneous Tracts relating to Natural History, Ac. 1332. By Benjamin Stillingfleet Loodoo, 

1759, 8vo ; Ed. 2., 1762 ; Sunpl. by F. J. Brand, 1781. 
Missionary Journal. 241 1. See fro(f's Missionary Journal. 
Mitch. Gen. SH. See Mich. Gen. 

Mith. Act. Acad. Nat. Cur. 1007. See Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 
MeLee^'s Report to the Treasury. 1888. Report to the Treasury upon the State of the Elms in St 

James's and Hyde Parks. Published in the Edin. Phil. Jourii., No. xxxt. art. 18. 
M*Nab's Hints on the Planting and General Treatment qf Hardy Evergreens. 1176. See Hints on 

the Planting, t^c. 
M*Nab's Treatise on Cape Heaths. 1091. A Treatise on the Propagation, Cultivation, and general 

Treatment of Cape Heaths in a Climate where they require Protection during the Winter 

Months. By William M*Nab, Superintendent of the Bot Gard. Edin., &c Edinb. and Lond. 

1838. 8va 
Moc. et Sesse Ft Mex. Icon. ined. 843. See Moc. et Sess. FL Mex. 
Moc. et Sesse Fl. Mex. Ic. ined. 713. See f7. Mex. Icon. ined. 
Moc. PI. Nutk. Mocino (JoseO, Drawings of Plants collected by him at Nootka Sound. Not 

published. 
Moench Ijoib. Adv. 1848. Moench in ditto. See Ditto. 
Maeneh Meth. 834. Conrad Mcsnch, Methodus Plantas Horti et Agri Marburgensis detcriben<fi. 

Marburgi, 1794. 8va 
Mcench Sunpl. 237. Id., Sunplementum ad Methodum, ftc. Maiburgi, 1808. 8va 
Moench Weiss. 778. See Metnch Weissenst. 
Matnch Weissenst. 1657. Id., Verieichniss aiulandischer Baumc des Lustschlosses Weisaenstdn. 

Francf. 1785. 8va 
Mol. Sag. sulla Stor. Nat. da Chili. 843. Giov. Ign. Molina, Saggio sulla Storia naturale del ChllL 

Bologna, 1782. 8vo. 
Molina's History qf Chili, Sfc. fi43& London, 1809. 8 vols. 8vo. 
Moncg. Hymen. Ichn. 4ffln. 1827. See Hvmen. Monog. 
Monog. nos. 748. Proneville (A. De), Nomenclature raisonn6e des Esp^ces, Vari^t^ et Soua. 

varifiis du Genre Rosier. Paris, 1818. 1 voL 8va 
Monograph. 8432. See Lamb. Gen. Pin. 
Monograph a/ American Vines. 481. Raflnesque's Monograph of the American Vines in his Medical 

Flora, vol. 2. 
Monteith's Forester's Guide. 891 The Forester's Guide, tec By Monteith. Stirling, 18191 

limo, plates. 
Monthly Review. 1765. London, 1749. and continued till 1806. 
Moorcrqft's Journal. 2430. Moorcroft's Travels in Ladak, Kashwir, Bokhara, &c. London, 

1837. 
Moore's Anacreon. 791. Odes of Anacreon, translatedlnto English Verse, with Notes. By Thomaa 

Moore, Esq. London. 2 vols. ISmo. 
Mor. Hist. 85d Joan Bapt. Morandi, Historia Botanica practica. Mediolani, 1741 FoL 
^or. Prtelud. 1841. Robert Morison. Prcludia Botanica, pars 1. Londini, 1669. Svo. 
Morefs TMorie des Jardins. 188. Thforie dct Jardins. By N. Morel Paris, 1776, 8va Im- 

proved edition by C. Morel, 1802. 
Moris. Blench. 586. See Blench. Sard. 
Moris. Oxon. 934. Robert Morison, Plantarum Historia universalis Oxoniensls. Oxonii, 1680* 

8 vols, folia 
Moris. Stirp. Sard. 538. See Blench. Sard. 
Morning Chronicle, l/ill. A London daily Newspaper. 

Morris Fl. Consp. 931. Richard Morris, Flora Conspicua. London, 1826. 8vo. 
Mosete^s Bssay on Archery. 8087. Worcester, 1799. 8va 
Much Ado about Nothing. 1044. One of Sbak^ieare's playsi 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCXiii 

It MhlMm . Att.ScnM. Brrol. lA. UUhTtnMrg Id Ni». Act^ ftc Se, Ad. Nit Saul.. ^ 

MaUrM., Ami, (4 £» ^n dT Am. UOt. HUhknbe^i S°m^ lind KoBi|, In Ann. Bot Sh 

MWMmttr^i CtUlof qf NoTik Amrrkan PimUi. T29. H«nT, Mlihlenberi, CaulDfuj Plnunnn 
AaiiFricit SrvtoitrianaUl LancuUi. ]§!}. gra. 



1 CoUccUon of RirliLa pr*. 



Km. Alt .bri<(- I9S5. HWcHra Nminllc du Joiit, tc Par H, )g Comte O. Dc Rmiciinwinkf. 

Lauunnc^ 1T»9. C voU S'o. 
JJU. aiff. q/ 1^ OmiUg 9! Tlutlm, VtS. An Eiu; (owardi ■ NiCunI HUtori If (hx Csunn tf 

DidiUa, kE. BiJulin RuItT, M.D. Dublin, 177a. IvollBro. 
jb£«*£<irJM. id% Sri UmiL yu. Sul t^ Bm, 

JUb^ MBDfy. IK. CiliFllmiSKUiHU^IMDnaKiturilU. Vcnkc, l(K Folio. 
Stiaral humrwlf — "— ■" "- '—-■ ^ '—• 



XtaLCet. rioH. SlarU. SIM. A Cttalogue of Fluiti In tlie OiTdcnor JohnBUckburn, £14., Ac. 

Bi AilBin Nralc, Otrdrner. London, 1779. Svn 
Jb(*. £l<im AS. Nit J«. Ue Nccker, QemcnU Botanies ■cuiuluin STtlenu omoLsflcum, Ma 

Hlunte. tieondcail Klirnuni, ITW. 3 tqIi. Sid, 
KHi. OaU. uni. Sr Hat. Oailo-B^l. 
Ktck. GaOo-BrlL \»e. Id. DellciE Oillo-BelicIrE irlvntrli. ArgRilontl, 17GB. E Toll. llnw. 

JAa Bam PlHi. 5M. C. O. NeaVon bMitwli, Huiz Ph;ilccBcrolincnili,collKlBm SrMibeUa 

K^ S^^AcL K^. aa:Blii<L"ias' ^W. a""' 

Nm (r.) oA Eanl. Gn. fj. Jl Gem. SOSi. Sec AWt fn £mVc*, ^. 

Mm riM Aiskc* [in. Fl. 3S0B. Ontri nintarum Flora; Oerminlrit lunlbm et DarnpUonl- 

bua illuitnu. Auctore T. F. L. NmabEimbKh, U.D. Bonno, IS». Htd. 
Ktart HorUcKltti'iil Tour. !«. NtlLfi Hurticultur«l Tourthrough l-nnc* ami tbo NBhetlandi. 
lAMI. /'at 747. Sei Sfill. Pal. Diit. 

KaU. Pol. Din. IW. C. G. N«iler, Monogtaphitdf Potoolillt Parlail.tt Arwntoratl, 1818. He. 
Jfcv Bb'iinMf't Cuidi, SSi. The New Botanut'i Guide la me LocillUa of Ihe rarer Planti of 

Britain. Bj He-ett Collrell Wauon. London, 1S3S_1B37. Svoli. Bvo. 
Jbv Dacrmlrr CWUIine of Raui nUllralnl in Hit Saabridftvorik SuncTt. 749. Bt T. 
Kinr>,]un. gawbn3gei>onh. mil Pamph. Snt. 

■ °-- '-oAIruU Nrw ImftntmtnU, *t 

he FiaiTler'i KiWndir ; or, Ihe NurKtrman and Foreiter'i Ould* 

- ■'-" -'theGroTe. Bj ihe lite Waller Nlcol, edited 

•i^tl liardeniMf. 8ft New Princlplei or Gardening j or, tlie Lajlnf ml Paiturea, 

_., ji4. A Marine pDck« DicUnnatjof the Italian, Spaniah, PottU|Ueae, and 

Oerman Lanauagtl, at Sj Hrnrr Newman. London, 1799. ISmo. 
n^ Ok, 41:. 1788. CRiKmtioiu on the Propagiilan and Managemnl of Oak Tn« In (eneni, 

tail miwe partlculailj applying [o Hia lfajeii;'i New Fomi In Himpahlie. SouthaiapUn. 

1791. Kta 
'kkoTi Hit. l^caL S4I3. Collrotloni toward! the Hlnory and Antlquitica at Uic Town and 

Counir or Lelnattr, LjMidon, i7S8— 179e. t«;lL4Ia 
icktVt tOmilralkm: TK. Nicholi {J.), Illuatiatiana or tht Mannen and Eipenan or Andent 

TlmH In EngUnd. London, 1797. 4to. 
Idm^tMr tfanArr, oJrr Pnrzeuiom Same, tc ^^K. Berlin, 1«33. gn. 
tetfw'i Hmariail SetUilh Litrary. SR. LondDn, T" ' 




tlttiaii'JBi.Fr^kl5.' Louii Noi.rile,Leia"idln nuHU 



CCriT LIST OF B00K8 REFERRED TO. 

Sole Bhlortq^ tsT U ObUitii. Stgl. Rtchercha iut I'HliultE d« Cn^ •*>'<*• HMoriiiue nit 

JnUliikfoliUabii. Par M. J. L, A. LoMleur UtilonBchiiiipii. FirU, lUV Punpli. Sio. 
,._. r.^ ■._. ...,= •'-' '•—n Dlammttiti, ^. 

, ... MSm, Soc. >v.«e- 

f .WeWfwv, eiS. See Nixnau Cmiri contplel. 

itmla. ISB, NniTUu CDunci)iiipla.iHiliii:i[<iniuin'>li«»i«d'AiticuUur*. Pu- 

-■•-<-'—— a- Ajrr.dti-lrMUut. Pirii ISUM J6 voU. Sm, 



Hat. Jit. Nal. Car. Bmn. 336. Sh Mh Ada yaturw CurlmBTm. 
Hat. Act. PrI. OL Ndti acu Aademl* Sdealluum impenilK 

ITU-1837. «to. 
San, AeL Sac. Hal. Sent. BeraL IBM. SttAcLSoe. Sent. BeraL 
Kara Ada Salmv CuHmamm. IHI. Nora Acu Phriico.Mnlica A 

dtno-CuDlinB Nuurc Cuitounim. Bonn* el Muiembtrg, 17=7 M 
Not. Camm. GSll. Iut& Noii ConuncnUrii ilodeUlu RegiE :(cieaiiani] 

- « ^tdmai. 3S6. Bj J. 1. Li BUIitdiii 



Svtrrt CaUiogv. S0i5. Stt Artcr'i Sarur^ Cataiotv. 

MM. On. Amtr, Xa. TliDiiiu NulUU,Th« Gsnen of Naith-Amnlcu FluU, and i Caiiogatot 



OilCTaalloiuOKlAt CaaUerx. SIM^ SeiJ>biertal^ioiatCtimfr 



dl. 1141. Dr. HnT> Enloniiliwlcid ObHI _ 

ti S^ifiaarilti. 1910. Pimm £3™, ou Belkm, Ln O. . , ,. 

larilii trouiia n> Cr»ce, *t Fitli, ISM. Mo > «l. «. AnTm, U5i, Sio. 
ObKnaUoiu. 1^-, tx SanlamJ. K ObmntlininlulTCCIiitar to Plclur«queB«ul>,nid>lB tlia 
Veir]776,on wTiTil PuuorOtemlBnuln, iM putlniUrlr tbE HLghUndi of Snllud. Br 

OtimaHanifaUriilniu yn Vonaga, Ifc, SWl. P*llu (P. S.), ObKtritiDni hlln dan un Voyui 

Trcri,»r.ltmaLiarriot>ieEarlafC»atkam.rra. See X/rlialt Ott. 
■^a^i/rTx. SIM S« Obiermtlaa o* tit Crmiferg <^ Nut Zealm*. 
OmVerit af Not Zialaitd. «1U1, Bj Mr, h. b«iiih, publlined In Lnobot'i 

(MKrtanoM on Uu D:ieatti of Trea. IIU. WilUua FoiiTtb, ObwnilioDi so the DtHwa it 

Ties, Ac. London. 179L Btd. 
Odkiia. S3S. S« Horn. 0<llH. 
tEi n. Dam. Xi. lgon«t PlinUruiB iplinU nu 

Hiftala, 1761—1770, reli. 1, «. and 3., Auclore C 

mi—tim ; vuU. 6. and 7., Aucl. H. Vahl., 17S7. 

<Mjbtf ^UiU. see.' C. C. (EUuftn, Abbildunc dec wUdcD Baune, Sc HQnitwTi, 17ST— 

O^ff ilf H'aail. lie. l9(>l. A PaillunenUrT Itcpon. 

(Uffirlrrr Anmlolri i^ ArcArn. K#>7. Anirnloln al AttbatJ, UClent and Dudeni. Br H. O. 

OMflcUL LonilDn, 171il. ISuio. 
Oltr. Ew. iV^U. J1IS9. Sec £>i»c JIMM. 
0»«. I'w 1847. &ee OHi'ifr'i Ttaneii. 
OSr. Flit- (^u r£nA Wfm. 199. !<« OUalir'i Traark. 
MUcri Traail,. JSED. llmrek in the OttoDian Hapirt, Etjjt, and Penla. Bf fl. A. OUtXt. 



Da »aa. TVn. IKl S» 0» Haaal 1 
Oa A'uX lYmler. Itoa t 



Pfl JMn i M t CUnirj. IPIl. EipeclnienliU ltnmn.'bn ean»tnlni the Fhiloaoiihr i^ Penii 
Coloun, atHt the ben Meana or imduclUB ihcin, by dfelng, Calico-inlotini, Ac. Br E. 

orl. DaaA. ^. Cu Gunct De UKeii^ Norarum n.iT rarlonmi Plantatum Honi B. " ~ ' 

CeBturtR. MatrttI, I7srr'-17!K. Sivti. Mo. Til. len. '~- 
IM.fffa.5il. PchrOibKk, Dagboek vrerenOiteiKTrck 
O^errtMia Atatmrint BammcM, See HSu '-'-" 
OMe'f Oorfn Ztllmu. ]»!& See .Iffiei 
Onff. OciK. SMr. 7^ Set Walnw-i 



Ilf Batanf.WI. Uulbnn of Botanr i tndudlni > GenF 
•,kc Bj PisTeanr BunKtt. Ixndon, 183). fniU ! 



1 HlMorr of tbe Vefetabla Klnf- 



a. AMr. (SI. Peter Simon Pallai, 9pecl» Aitragakmim dCKriptK et Inmlbui UIiBtiat*. lifiim, 

a. Ftor- Raat. S47- Sh PattJii"! Fiora ItDinea. 

U Ilin.Vd. OaU. m. VoraiAdaiul'EDii^HuiH. Parti, 1793,' S nil. 8ii^ amialkl. iO. 

U. rim. et. GaU. AvpetA. ^ Sec faU. Ilim. eA. Gall. 

U Itaa. Act. en. &. Fallal in Nw .4ct. ret. Ste Net. Ad Pti. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCXV 

faM» Vord. Be/fir. 910. Id., Neue nordisehe Beitnege'ior phytUuliachen, &c. Petenlii und 

LcipL 1781— 179& 7 vols. fol. 
Pmuer Fmmma Ins. Germ. 1483. See Faum. Int. 
Pmrmike Lott. 9188. A poem by Milton. 
FmrmHae t^ PlemU. 515. Adam in Eden ; or, Nature's Paradise, &c. By WilUam Cole, Herbalist 

LoBdoD, 1657. Fol. 
Tmmiiae amd the Peri. 2040. A poem by Moore. 
FmrmUna. 111. See ParMiuon*« Paraditi m sole. 

Farad. Lamd. 813. Paradiius Londinensis. By R. A. Salisbury. London. 1805—1808. S vols. 4to. 
Fmrke^t Odma. 847. Historic of the Great and Nightie Kingdome of China, and the Situation there. 

o£ Tnmslated out of Spanish by R. Parke. London, 1588. 4to. 
Farkt Haampttead. 1391. Tne Topc^raphy and Natural History of Hampstead, in the County of 
Middlesex. With an Appendix of Original Records. By John James Park. London, 1814. 
Sra 
FmrkmtOfiC 9 Herbal^ or Theatre qf Planii. 52. The Theatre of PlanU; or, an Herball of a large 

extent ; with numerous wood engravings. By John Parkinson. Lond. 1640. Fol. 
Farkinaom't Paraditi in toie. 58. Paradisi in sole Paradisus Terrestris; or, a Garden of all Sorts of 
Pleasant Flowers, which our English Ayre will admitt to be noursed up ; with a Kitchen 
Garden,Orcharde, &c. By John Parkinson, Apothecary of London. London, 16S9. Fol. 
Farkinton't Theat. Bot. 1906. See Parkinton't Herbal, S[c. 
Par. Lorn. ^83. See Parad. Lond. 

Paaealit^t {Dr.) Treaiite on the Mulberry, i[C. 1358. New York, 1830. 8vo. 
PamsoHiat Lac. 1441. Pausanias's DMcnption of Greece. 
Fat/. Ditt. in Mint. Acad. Reg. Med. Mat 2438. Jos. Pavon, Disscrtacion botanica sobre lot 

Oeneros Tovalia, Actino|Aylium, ftc. Madrid. 4to. As quoted in M^ro. Acad., &c. 
FaHoa^t Mag. qf BoL 1149. Magazine of Botany, and Register of Flowering Plants. By J. Paxton, 

F.L.S., &C. London, begun in 1831, and continued in monthly Numbers, large 8to. 
Pilerinage d J&utalime, ^. 8418. par R. P. M. J. Geramb. Paris, 1834. 
Fen. Cgc. 306. See Fenny Cyc. 

Fcimaut*t London. 8070. Account of London. By Thomas Pennant. London, 1790. 4ta 
Pemmacmd^t {Dr.) Workt, in Prose and Verte. 94. Geographical and Historical Description of the 
Shire of I'weeddale ; with a Miscellany, and curious Collection of select Scottish Poems. 1715 
and 1814. 4to. 
Fmmf Cyc. 899. The Penny Cyclopsedia of the Society for the Diflbsion of UseAil Knowledge. 

London. In monthly parts, folio. Begun in 1833, and 10 vols, published. 
Famy Magazine. 1336. A periodical naper published in London, weekly. Begun in 1832. 
Fermnbmiatiomt <if Kent. 25. Penunoulation of Kent ; containing the Description, History, and 

Cortoms of that Shire. 
Perce Foreti. 786. A Romance. 

Perennial Calendar. 1023. The Perennial Calendar and Companion to the Almanack, illustrating 

the Evento of every Day in the Year, &c. By T. Forster, M.B., F.L.S., &c. London, 1824. 8vo. 

Pert. Eneh. 331. C. H. Persoon, Synopsis Plantarum seu Enchiridium Botanicura. Paris, 1805 

and 1807. 2 vols. 12mo. 
Pert. le. Pict. 2148. Id^ Icones pictse Specierum rariorum Fungorum, &c. Paris et Strasb. 1803. 

2 Cssc. 4to, pi. 18. 
Pert. Myc. Eur. 2147. Id., Mycologia Europca. Erlang, 1822— 18S8. 3 vols. 8vo, pL 30. 
Pert. Obi. Mycol. 183& Id., Observationes Mycologicc Lipsiae, 1796. 8vo. 
Pert. Syn. 24a See Pert. Eneh. 
Fertia m Miniature. 78& By Sir Robert Ker Porter. 
Perththhre Report. 2354. General View of the Agriculture in the County of Perth, &c. By Dr. 

James Robertson. Perth, 179a 8vo. 
Peiiw. Gax. 1116. James Petiver, Oasophyllacium Nature et Artis. Londlni, 1702—1704. 5 

deead. foL 
Petiv. Mut. 8059. Id., Mussri Petlveriani Centuria; Decem. London, 1695. 8vo. 
Fk. Ft. Amer. Sept. 259. Frederick Pursh, Flora Americana Septcntrionalis. London, 1814. 

2 voU. 8vo. 
Pkartalia. 1724. Lucan's Pharsaliw. Rowe's Translation. 

PkU. Mag. 1388. Philosophical Magazine and Journal By Alex. Tilloch and Richard Taylor. 
London, 1796—1826. 68 vols. 8vo, continued under the name of Philosophical Magaxine and 
Annals of Chemistry. By R. Taylor and R. Phillips. London, 18</7— 1832. 11 voU. 8va 
Fkil. Mag. 3 ter. 738. A further Continuation of the Philosophical Magazine, under the name of 
the London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science. By Sir David 
Brewster, R. Tavlor, and R. Phillips. London, 1832. continued. 8vo. 
put. Tram. 23. The Philosophical 'fransactions of the Royal Society of London. Commenced 

In 1665| and continued to the present Time. London. 4ta 
PhO. Trans. Abr. 40. An Abridgment of the Phil. Trans. By C. Hutton. LLD. ; G. Shaw, 

M.D. ; and R. Pearson, M.D. London, 1804— 1809. 18 vols. 4ta 
FkOatophical Conferencet of the Virtuoti qf France. 182a A Collection of Discourses of the Virtuosi 
of France upon Questions of Philosophy. Translated into English by G. Havers. London, 
1664. 
Fkiftkal and Hittorical Rcstarchet into Rhabdomancy, S^. 2090. Translated from the Italian of 

Carlo Amoretti into German, with supplementary I'reatises, by Rilter. Berlin, 1809. 8vo. 
Fhyt. Vig. 215. See PhuiMogie V4g<ftale. 
PhytMope FfgitaJe. 215. Physiologic V§g6tale, ou Exposition des Forces et des Fonctions Vitalef 

des V#g6uux, &c. By M. A. P. De CandoUe. Paris, 1832. S vols. 8va 
Phytique OccuU, ou Traits de la Baguette divinatoire. 90iO. Ijl Phisique Occulte, ou Traits de U 

Baguette Divinitoire Par Pierre le Lorraine de Vallemont Amst. 1693. 12mo. 
Phytogrmhta. 53. See Pluk. Phyt. 

Ptcture Bible. 1S65. The Pictorial Bible ; being the Old and New TestamonU, according to the 
authori<ed Version, illustrated with many hundred woodcuts. London, 1836. In monthly 
parts, 8vo. 
Pikut reUM»et d la Culture et aux Utaget de cet Arbre TRobinia]. 617. Lettre sur le Robinier, 
oonnus sous le Noni imprupre de Faux Acacia { av|>c plusieurs Pieces relatives 4 la Culture et 
Usage de cet Arbre. Par M. Francois De Neufchiteau. Paris, 1803. 12rao. 
FOtt Survey qf Worcetterthire. 896. General Survey of the County of Worcester. London, 

18ia 8vo. 
PMt9 Trmu. 8334. Pitt's TransUUon of Virgil. 



CCZn LISr (IF BOOKS HEFERRF.U TO. 

pt.Qff: i«i. sttSMt.Fi.ar 

PI. Xar. Harl. Om. SOS. Set B«. PI. «ar. Jard. Gnt 

i>/«(. aad ffur. OnL 1774 See NdrMoiirs* Kantfv'm' SaroJ OnutmC 

Plant. Kal. St). Pltnui'i Kilsular. Br W. (TicdI, Edited ud completed by Edw. Suf. Edtn. 

rimuc ' Eauiiuxilala. IHI. Humtnldt M Bodpluxl, FlutK E^uIdihUIb. Fn\t, 1808—1816. 

Plamlm far GalUam, HUpanam, rt Ilaltam oturtalm. t*iS. By Jim. Bureliet. A pBtthumoui 

PlanIrT ami Faral PrMnrr. 138, The F^»eM Fiuner, or Timber Onei'i Ajilrtuil, &c. LoDdoa, 

Plamttr-i Calndar. as. See P^atU. Kal. 

Planlir'l a^itdf. ISB The FIedUt'i OuLde ; di, a Pruliul Ehij on Ihe beil Method of |Iv1d| 

immedliuElftcl to Woad, 6l:. BySlr Kentr Steuari, BiR. Ac. Edln. 1819. H'o. 
PlaiUa du DaapAU/. ffiTG. Sn: rtUati'l Planlrl du DoMpklmi. 
namUnrinid Jtural Omanemt ISg. Stt Uartlutll m Plamlntg ami Kunil Omamtnl. 
PlaieiJam. tea. J. J. Plenek, Iconrt PUntuum medidnilium. IMQHiea. Fol. 
i><n.SpM. 1334. TheLMtenoI'lilnyUieCoiHul, Kllliacculsnal Remirlu br WiUlam HdmoUi, 

Pm^HUI. Sal. 'l9Jt. PHnil Hii'toiU Natunlit. Hirdouin'i edit. P*rli, 17»i, 8 vdIi. (01. 

Traiiiltted under the litle at intaj't Malunl HlHorj or the World. Br Philemon HalUDd. 

UnJon, 1601. S 'oil. fol. 
Plafl (Dr.) HiitoTB of OifimlMUn. ITSS. See Halia^ HiMloty or OrfordikiTr. 
prut. Aha. 1256. See Plak. Aim. PArl. 
Plat. Aim. PhyL 68. Ltonard Plukeoetl, AlmineUum Bounlcum ilie FbrtolotUi OnonutUcon. 

LorKllnl, 179S, 4ta. 
Plat. Ama/lt. S79- Id., Amallheum Botuilcum. Londlnl, HK. Mo. 
Plrt. Mail. 331. Id., Almifeitl Botaniel UanliiH. Londini, 170O. tta 
Pint. Ftgl. 1^. 9tt Plattnai't FtflivrafUa. 
PMkmrie' Ftglagr^la. H. Id., Pbriii(t^l< tin Stliiiigm illuntlaruni, Sr. Londinl, lasi. 

Pimm. Col. SB7I. Plumler (C). Cilaliifiu PI 
P^tam laa- 479 Y\i,m:*w if \ n>u»rn*inn 

1(M. Folio, 

•iUl713.'_l'Dl.' ' 

Pncilptlan oTlhe £ul, and lomc other Coimtriei. Bj R. Pococke. 



et iC), DcKiipUoB <tei PUnua de I'Amfrique, btbc leun I 
a Flumla, DcKripUoi dee PUntee de rAmtciqu 



i;4»-l7U. 1 



, Pnna 



PlHT. Ettr^- Mi'rii I ,I3. Gee Palrd Eacyc. Milk. 

Pa&.Etic^tl \:iiiyl. '75, See Fairic Ehcvc. StippL 

PsIr.SuyiA ■ill ~M Foini EnofC. Si^^. 

Palrrt Ennr. Mffi 177, J, L, M. Potiet, Enrjcloptdie Mtlhodlque-ou racliooiialre deBounlaue. 

(r». Xun. Uicl.imn amxiaut par Poirel,^ Farii, 1801— 1806 1 being the «h, 61b, )tli, 

ud^th lob. or LaiDatck'i BnnctDpMle HMhodlque, &e. 
Pitnl Bmfe. Saipl. !4IS, Id,, Enciclopidle M(itvodk|iieSuii|jlfaii«t >u Dlctloon. de 

Pc^rrf'<%n. FtU. driFlattta. IS15. Id., Hiildn PhllwnbiDue, Ac, det Pilots di 

Paiii. rola. IS. fo. 
PM. Arb. Fr. 47S See Poll, tt Turp. Ari. Frail. 
FotL rl Tarp. Art. Fnil. iUIS. Ptrileiu et Turpin, Tnitt dn Aibv fruiUen de I 

Nniielle tdUlon. P>n>, ISOSetHq, II rue. Pol. 
PMHaU Ki^tr. 818, The Pollitoiil BegUteri i perlodkal pajier. Edited bf Wn 

PM. PI. Vir. 584. Ciro Folllnl, Hon) M ProiliKlie Venmenili Plants hotb rel mini 

Pailie, 18IS. 
PMMiPalL 1950, J. A. PoHlch, Hlitoria Plantaniia In Pallatinatu iponte DaHientli 

helm, 1776 3 »oli. 4to, 
Tom. Brk M6. See PnmaHam Br^aaalcam. 
Pom. Uaf. i:i]B. The Pomolorul Hagaaine, Loud, 1831, 3 rail. Sro, 



Paaleil. Gimp l&U, Jul Portedeta, Compendlutn Til;ulatuni Bounicanini PUaviL ITIa. 4U. 
Paarg'i prof, planter. liM The P^Buble PlAnlet, »c. Bjr WilUam Ponley, HuddcnOeld, 

P^trr't (trii7>rm<; SaHUi* C'iVa'"lT7'i," LoiduT 5 lof.*^^ 

PatUT'i iSir Sabetl Ktr) TrattU. 786, London, Ic roll, 410. 

PM-i SunrfV IVtrtalrrMrt. SSI. Set Pitt-i Saraa, ic. 

Pometrl Bal. opfU^aiK. H&3. Proriaoi or BoUny u Bwen. 

Pnir. AlA. Tool. SOi. See Pourr, An. TaU. 

Pamr. Act Tom. SIR. Pourm In AdU Aodemlie TotoHiUc. 

Pratt. HMl om Plaaliof. IMK See Praa. Trial, m Flaalimt. 

Pran. Trral. cm PlaiUat. MD, H>ret, 

PracUcel Hail^mlm^nyi. MaiwclUm, ThePracIicalHuibiindnianibelngicaUMtJiMofllU. 

Pracl/eal Plaalrr. 188. The PractTeal PUntR- i ori aTreatlK on FonM FlutlDB, Ac BiWaUai 

Nicol. Edinb. 1799. 8>o. 
Prkt'i Eiaaaaa Itt PKlarrmr. 744. An EMIT on tbe Flctuieuur, a> cnopand altll tb* SoblB* 

andtbeBeautirul.ke, Br Urcdal* Priiia,£B4 Londoo, i;H. Big. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCXVll 

frimc^t Cmialogme. 310. A Catalogue of Fruit and Omaroental Trees and Planta (all of which are 
hardy) cultirated at the LIniuean Botanic Garden, W. Prince, Proprietor, Flushing, Long 
Mand, near New York. New York, lei's. 8va 
Proc. tf OtoL 8oe. of Ltmd. 2110. Proceedings of the Geological Society of London. 
fw^d. U)9. See Dec. Prod. 

tf dela MoHOfgrapkie du Genre Rosier. 749. Prodrome de la Monographic dea Eap^cet et 
\anH6* conunune* du Genre Rosier, &c. By C. A. Thory. Paris, 1820. 12roo. 
180. See Dec. Prod. 



FrodramuM Florte Nepaiensis. 1921. D. Don. Prodromus Florse Nepalensis. London, 18SS. 12mo. 

Fromm. Norn. 1753. See Fronmlle*s Nomen. Rait. 

PramvaWM Somen. Rait. 749. Aug. De Pronvilie, Nomenclature raisonn^e des Esp^ces, Vari6t£s,eC 

Soua-rari^^s du Genre Rosier. Pariv, 1818. 8vo. 
P«r«)h FL Bear. Amer, 238. Fred. Pursb, Flora Borealis Americana. London, 1814. 2 vols. 8to. 



Qu0n'ierfy Journal of A^etdiure. 182. The Quarterly Journal of Agriculture; and the Priae 

Essays and Transactions of the Highland bociety of Scotland. Edin. 1828. In quarterly 

Nos. 8vo. 
Qmarterly Retiew. 22. The Quarterly Reriew. London. In quarterly Nos. 8to. 
<IiMw/!r*s Jersey and Guemseu. 1;^86l General View of the Agriculture and present State of the 

Islands on the<k>9at of Normandy subject to the Crown of Great Britain. By Thomas Quayle, 

Esq. London, 1815. 8va 
Qmpfor an upstart Courtier. 486. A Quip for an upstart Courtier ; or, a quaint Dispute between 

Vdvet Breeches and Cloth B^peche*. London, 1592. 4ta 
Qmimtinjfe^s Compute Gardener. 46. The Complete Gardener, &c. Englished by John Evelyn. 



Lond. 163SL FoL 



R. 



Ket P. FL Per. el ChU. Prod. 541. JL Ruia et Jos. Pavon, Florse Peruvlanse et Chilensis Pro- 
dromus. Matriti, 1794. ful. \ ed. 2., Rumse, 1797, 4to. 
E.etP. PL Per. et ChU. Syst. 544. Id., Systema VegeUbilium Flors Peruvlanse et Chilenala. 

Matriti, 1796. 8vo. 
KetP.FL Per. Syst. 543. See R. et P. PL Per. et ChiL Sysi. 
Raf. Med Ftor. 518. Medical Flora ; or. Manual of the Medical Botany of the United Stales of 

North America. By C. S. Raflnesque. Philadelphia, 1828. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Rj^fin. Joum. Pkys. 503. Rafinesque in Journal de Physique Paris, 1773, and continued. 4ta 
R^fin. Med. Bot. 1017. See R^/i Med. Ftor. 
Rt^. Pric. Die. Som. 588. RaBnesoueuSchmalts, Pr^is des D§couvertes Somiologiques ou Zoolo- 

giques et Botaniqucs. Palerme, 1814. 18mo. 
Rt^ Ros. Amer. in Ann. Phys. 766. Rafinesque on American Roses, in Annals of Physic. New 

York. 
Alffii. Speech. 582. Rafinesque. Schmalta, Specchio delle Scienie, o Giomale encidopedioo di 

SiciluL 1814. 
Rape i^ Proserpine. 2MZ. A poem by Claudian. 
Ran. Enum. 165. Ambr. Riui, Enumeratio Rosarum circa Wiroeburgum sponte crescentium. 

Norinbergs, 1816. 8vo. 
JBoMv. Itrn. 646. Rauwolf's Journey through Syria, Mesopotamia, Palestine, and E^ypt Translated 

from the English by Stapherst 1693. 8to. 
Jfey*' General History of Plants. 53. See Rau^s Historia Planiarum. 
Ray*s Wstoria Plantarum. 41. Job. Ray, Historia Plantarum. Londini, 1686 et 1688. 2 vols. 

fol. Vol. 3., seu Supplementum, 1704. 
R^*s Letters^ Sfc. 2414. Philosophical Letters between Mr. Ray and several Correspondents, ftc. 

Lond. 1718. 8vo. 
Ray*s Methodus Plantarum. 53. Id., Metbodua Plantarum nova. Londini, 1682. Amstel 

1682. 8va 
JB. Br. Prod. R. Brown, Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandic et Insuls van Diemen. Londini, 

1810. 8va 
Rekb. Icon. ExoL 1062. Reichenbach (L), Iconographia BoUuica Exotica. Leips. 1827— 

1830. 4to. 
Rekb. PI. CriL 1210. Reichenbach (W. G. L.), Iconographia Botanica, seu Plants Criticv. 

Leipa. 1825-1828. 4ta 
RSawn. Mim. 1971. See Riaumur's Mimoires. 
Rlaumur Mtmoires. 182a Memoires pour servir k THistoire des Insectes. Par R. A. F. De 

R&iumur. Paris, 1734—1742. 6 vols. 4to. 
Reck. Hist. 1717. See Recherehes HistoHques, 8;c. 

Redierck. surTAnat., S[c., de dUffir. Espkxs d' Insectes. 1819. See Lyonet Mim Post 
Recherehes Historigues sitr les Chines. 1722. By M. Marquis, Professor of Botany at Rouen. 
Recherehes sur la Dicouverte de la Rom, ifc. 787. Langles (L), Recherehes sur la Dto>uverte de 

TEsscnce de Rose. Paris, 1804. 12ma 
Recreations of Agriculture. 615. Recreations in Agriculture, Natural History, Arts, and 

Miscellaneous Literature. By Dr. Anderson. London, 1799. 5 vols. 8vo. 
Reeuea des Plans, SfC., de plusietm des Chdteaux, Qrottes^ 4rc. 133a See Marot's ReeueU des 

PUtnSt ^c. 
Red. Ros. 750. See Red. et Thor. Ros. 
Red. et Thor. Ros. 752. P. J. Redout^, Les Roses. PL 169. color.: avec le texte, par CI. Ant Thory. 

Paris, 1817—1824. 3 vola foL 
Rees*s OucL 562. Sec Rees's Cyclopaedia. 
Rees's Cydopadia. 1917. I»ndon, 1819. 39 vols. 4to. 
Regensb. Bot. Zrit. 1633. Rcgcntburgs BoUnischc Zeitung. Regensburg, 1803. 8vo. 1 vol. 

per ann. 

C C 



CCXTDI LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

Mm. Bit. MM Sh BfrmatU BU. Itat. 

a6*ault Bal. Iron. lies. Dc Rnnult, Id Bouniqoe nlH k la Fane* it tout le Hsntte. 
Punt. ITT*. F«l 

JWe*. Mflj. 656. ReicheohKblO. CI, BUwtndaPflinMiireicht. 1793, I79t. «o. 

JbM-i /flW. aw< Lrt, BbI. WS. S« A«iff HittoHall and Liltriry Bolal^. 

JlcWV IBUBrlcQl and Zjlrmrir aibny. MG. Hutnriul and latenr) BoUDT 1 anUtDlng th> Qua. 
liltH, AoMdMBs uil Supcntltioni or Pluiti, Stc. Ta >hich ii idded, Hoofn i oi, tbc Ar- 
tlui: kKdii>utic!<urT,from UieFrmchoriiiduDCDeGenlU. B^EUuP.Beid. Windior. 

Ah. m For. Stat. S04T. S« Hemarti m Fiir«( Stnurn. 

BimartiimfaralScentrii.lt. Bt WllUim Gilpiii. S •oU. 8fo. 

RtmaikiMt Oatl.tt. 1191. S« /tootc'i EcniarklMe Oakl. 

Mtaautt ft. lit fOntt. U13, F. A. RcDnult, Flare du Dtptnanent di I'Onw. ALeafoo, 

18(* Sto. 
Jinorf M f^ "iMriif foroli q^ Snjtliiiad. IIBO, By Hr. Ongcrt, NuncTTmu, oT Elgiii. PubUihed 
In Ihe Highland Sodny'i 'ninaacUoDi, •□!. liL 
!niorti,*t. am. Pirlianientarr Hcportj on Ihr Timber Trad* for 1831— ISS5. 



af tit Orttk and Turkiih Kcioluliiini. LDDdou, IBSe. 

e. See Relirei Gardner. 

icr. 351. See latdm amd WlK'i Seiirtd Gardaur. 

See Aft. 0»i. flil. 

Ik. Ott. &X, TM. A. J. ReMua, ObKrrUiooa BoCuica, Londcn, 17T1. G liK. 4U. Ed. £ 



liptlit, 1T79-179L < 
JUMr^da ~ ■ 



Etwm EmtofiHilagiqiit. SM. Sw SUbrTnuna,-! KdtMT t 
Btam. Art. LmMt. 769L Set licm. M(m. Lain. 
" — ""-1. 6S3. See Rtn. Mm. Lant. 

'l7M. Bj Sophocloa. 
ju>».uii<.ll)61. u. O. Blcliler, DULdeMuKoniniKadtetSilutirlUle. Goll'agm, ntl . Vo. 
Rkk httm. Qmtf. 9USS. Sh Rlcltard Mtm. lar Ui Conijtra. 
KkHard IT. IX. OneoTShUupeare'ipla^ 

mount Ufm. t*t la Omilirti. SIOI. See .ilhnoiw jw lt$ Camtflrri ct Ui {^cadta. 
lUetiar-et Atalytr du Fmii. Si>S Loiili-Claude Richard. Anilrie du t'ruil, nmaldfcrf en (Cntnl ; 

puHMe par LmvaL nm, J!(u& oro, 
mdarin Eltmnu <if Boli^. icet New Elementi of Bounr, &c. Bit A. RIchud, tLD. i 

traniUted, with Notai, b; P. CUatoD ; DubUn, ISSS. Bto. Ttan.latloa by W. IbcffUiTnTi 

Ato. Mm. irr. lOU. Aug. Qultinua Rlilniu, Ordo Flantarum Fkn IrrriuUri MoDopma)!]. Lip. 

■la, ISM. Fol. 
K. tut. urn. HmilcutVaDBheeile, HortuilndlniiMaHbuHni.. 1678-1708. IS tsU. (bl. 
AAtrtr'lfiwlM Amua.-or, TyacUo.drclcri'. £087. Loodon, 1801. 8r(L 
lladiria.llnlailirilicOiHlu. 1917. A poembi Scuthey. 

Sm..<nA. lOH. Job-JacRomer, ArcfairlUrdleBouiilk. Lelpiif, LTSS-ISOS. 3Tola.MD. 
JtoM. <( SekaU. Sttl, Vcm. Uli, Id. et Sctaulua, Ed. nor. ^KecuUt VegH^Uiiun Unn^. 

Turtd, leU. Bto. 
iteMr- *»■ A pom br Sir Walter Se«t 
Bvmanct i/ Hal*rc. 9& The Himiance of Nature By IjiniH Anna Twamley. LondsB, 

1/ M^ Srwc. 9il. By Ct 

■ — ---»—*'- '»-*- fc. '■'iji. uncnnuoa ana oaeKim t. -..,_«_™, .^ 

Onn the Duke of Pi 

_... . dea Champljiioni. Pur M. Hoque. Faite. Mol 

Xsnirwi tlonapvpUa. 1*9. See Undlet'i Auam J<«i«rii^iWiL 

Aow Amalem'i OwUi. SSBX Tht Koh Amaleur-t OnUta, By T. Rinn. juB. London, 

JHtel fiu- &tai<. Sunif. iaS6 RGid, D« manatHcb bttwucegebenen Inaeden Beluitlauna. 

Nttmbm, I74B-I7S1. *<ol.. Mil '^ 

Hal^ Soi- 75S. BoHlgiwl IK. C.J, Lee Roaa dtulniet at entumlniea d'apiia Nature aree un* 

CieKTlptiDn botinlque. liadult de l-Allemand par M. De L.iaile. Lelpt Mo. 

uniaugebiulep HnlunenaninieiKenKliadltSiwerden. Leipi. laSt Sn. ' 
RiilACal.SK. Alb. VAlh. Rntb.CaUlecUBounio. Llpelc, 17^— 18(& StoIlSto. 
.... e. --„ ™c^ s^ f^'X ^'"S OtnKttttca. 

. UpUc ITSB-ISOL 3 ToM. Sn 



Joaeidi Baaki. Lmdon. liSiS—ITBiL iTolirbl 
AorA- FT. Ind.Mf.1. 73^. Flora Indica. By W. Rdiburoh. Serampore, ISH^^SM. f Tok 8ta 
Aof. CatnfJ^ii:, ijH. Boy Id Nouvcau Coun d'AflrTculture. 
Sag. LtiiM. li.-)!' Adriinui Van Kayen. Flotie L^rilenaU Prodromui, iiblbeui Flaotia Hoed 

iTori/ £**'» r™»"r(»K. 7?,' SmPw^'tvdw. . "' ■ ""*"■ 

Btj/li mrnOr. Bal. ».iiw/ny«. B*^ llluiiniloniortlieBoUnyaiidaUiaBnlKheeoribeN^unl 
Hliury oC the UiDialayan M«ii>laini, and uf tbe Flora of Caihnere. Londca, IBSS— U9B. 

^ 7J3. Saa ITrOe oW N«'t AaW Oirmamiti. 



'I EtmarlaMt Oaii, 4c. 17SI. De«rJntioa and Sketcbet 

. irk at Welbeck '- ■'■- •- — " " ''—'-^— • -' "' 

HaTDun Rooke. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCXIX 

Ltfn, IB&L Rudbedk (OUiu), Mon-Sundad, ftve LapponU Ilhutnta. Saee»>G«nn. et 
Lat. tlpod, 1701. 4to. 

~ *9 Amy ojT GUmeetUrMrt. 77GD, General View of the Agriculture of the County of GloO. 
oettcr. By T. Rudge. London, 1807. 8va 
thmei Pa9. PL Per. 9Mu Set Jt. ft P. ft Per. 
^iotA. 1940. See Rumpk. Ambovn. 

Jmbcj/n. flM7. Geo. Everh. Rumfriiiiu, HertMtfium Amboinense Amstdodaml, 1750. 
Tob. ioL Auctarium, 1755. 



Sah. BorL 1£59. Uberatos SablMti, Hortus Romanus. Vol. I., Auct. G. BonelU et L. SMuM ; 
Vol*. IL IIL IV. and V.. Auct N. MartelU et L. Sabttati : Voli. VI. and VIL, Auct. Conat. 
SabtMti et N. MartellL Rooue, 1772-1781 7 voU. foL 

Sea. Hort. AUert B13. See Sai. Prod. 

SmL Par. 982. See Sai. Par. Land. 

SaL Pmr. Lcmd. S80. See Pareid. Land. 

SaL Prod. 490. R. A. Salisburr, Prodromui Stirpium in Horto ad Cbapd AUerton. Londini. 
I796L Sra 

SaL Wob. 1454l Salictum Wobumeniei By Hit Grace the Duke of Bedford. Royal 8va 

SaUcv*. 188. Salicea. By Dr. Wade. DubUn, 1811. 8to. 

SaUeetvm ; or, the Botanical History and Cmltioation qf IViUows. 1458. By Dr. Walker. Con- 
tained in his VoL of Euays. 

SaUeium Wobwmenee. 129. See Sal. Wob. 

SoMb. Prod. S33. See Sal, Prod. 

Song's Nicole 12!2«l See Plant. KaL 

SasSi Viagg. 104d Geo. Santi, Vlaggj al Moot AmUta. Pisa, 1795, Svo ( e per la Tmtsum. Vola. 
II. and III., 1796 and 180a 

SaL Miv. 1S51. The Saturday Magazine. A periodical paper, publiabed in London, weekly. Begun 

Soma. ^onsp. 1330. Franp. Boiitier De Sauvagei, Methodut Foliorum S. Plantc Monspelienaef 

juxta Folicmini Ordinem digettae. La Haye, 1751. 8va 
Smv. Jib. ToMc 929. GaetanoSavi, Trattatodegii Alberi della Toccana. Firenxe, 1801, StoIs. 

8n> ; ed. S. 1811. 
tak Trot 1341. See Sav. Alb. Tosc. 
Sam's Bibl. haL Sari (C.) in Bibliotheca lUlica. 
Smi fL Pis. 765. Id., Flora PUana. Ftsis, I79& 2 voIil 8va 

8a9fs Boiankon Etrmcutn. 164. Id., BoUnicon Etruscura. Fisis. 1808 and 1815. 8 vols. 8¥0. 
Scandmatia. 1591. Travela in varioui parts of Europe, Asia, and Africa. By £. D. Clarke. Lon- 
don, 1810—1823. 6 vols. 4ta 
Sekenebz. It. 2I8a Job. Jac Scheuchzer, Itineraria Alpina. Ed. 9. Lugd. Bat 1723. 4ta 
Sekeide et Deppe MSS. 2373. 

Sekkukr H. &R. Christ Schkuhr, Botanisches Handbuch. Wittenberg, 1791—1803. 3 vols. Bro. 
Sdkkmkr Handb. 396. See Sekkukr H. 

Sekleekt. JAamea, 586. A. Schlecbtendal Filius, Linnea. Berol. 18S6, and continued. 8va 
Seklecktend. Bert. Mag. 74& A. Schlecbtendal in BerL Mag. 
SeUeiek. Cat. 769. See Sckleicker Cat. 

Sekleieker Cat. 1596. J. C. Schleicher, Catalog! Plantarum HeWetise exticcatanun, 1794— 181& 
SekwL Jrb. 415. See Sckmidi Bamn. 
SekmUt Baum. 403. F. Schmidt, GBsterreichs allgenieine Baumzucht. Wien, 1792 und 1794. 2 

vols. UA. 
Mekmktt Ft. Bob. 1267. F. W. Schmidt, Flora Bohemica. Prag», 1793, 1794. 2 toU fol. 
SekmUt Muc. 2148. See Sckmidt S. M. 
Sekoq^. Mat Med. Amer. 1534. iJoh. Dav. Schoepf. Biateria Medica Americana. Erlang., 

1787. 8Ya 
Sekookmstress. 1282. A poem by Shenstone. 
Sekrmd. Diss. 951. See Sckrad. Diss. PkUad. 
Sekrad. Diss. Pkilad, 952. Schrader in De Candolle*s Prodmmus. 

Sekrad. Gen. IlL H. A. Schrader, Genera nonnulla Obsenrationibus UlustraU. Gdttinge, 180& 4to. 
Sekrader Index Sem. Hort. Acad. Gott. 828. Schrader (C. F.), Index Plantarum Horti Botanic! 

Pedagogii Regii Glauchensia. HalL, 1772. 12mo. 
Sekrader lUtrt. Gott. MSS. 1600. See above. 
Sekranek Baier. {Bavar.) Fl. 1517. Frans Von Paula Schrank, Baiersche Flora. Munich, 1789i 2 

band. 8vo. 
Sekranek Salisb. 1548. Id., Primitise Flora Salisburgensis. FVancoC Men. 1792. 8va 
Sekranek Fl. Mon. 767. Id., Plants rariores Horti Monacencia. Munich, 1817—1819. FoL 
Sekreb. Dee. 744. Job. Christ Dan. Von Schreber, Icones Phintarum minus cognitarum, Decas 

L Hals, 1766. Fol. 
Sekreb. Gen. 1126. Id., Linnsi Genera PlanUrum. Francof. 1786. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Sckrift. der Gesells. Naturf. Freunde. 1705. See Act. Hat. Scrut. Berol. 
SeksAert's Catalogue. 1199. Spis Roslin ogrodu Botanicxnego Krolewskiego-Warssawskiego Oni- 

warsytetu. Catalogue de* Plantes dti Jardin Botanique de TUniversit^ Royale de Varsovie. 

Pubu€ par M. Schubert Warsaw, 1824. 8va 
Sekult. (Estr. Fl. 1405. F. A. Schultes, CEstrichs Flora. Wien, 1794. 2 band. 8vo. 
SekmUt Fl. Start. Suppl. ISOi. Schulta (C F.), Flore Starpudiensis Supplonentum Primum. 

Naubrand, 1819. 8vo. 
Seop. Cam. 342. Job. Ant. Scopoli, Flora Camiolica. Viennsp, 1760, 1 vol. 8vo; ed. S. Viennae, 

1772, 2 vols. 8vo. 
Seop. Del. Flor. Insubr. 1414. Id., Delicise Flone Insubricse. Ticini, 1786—1788. 3 vols. foL 
SeoOm lUustrata. 86. See SibbaUTs Scotia lUustrata. 
Seats Gardener. 87. The Scots Gardener; whereunto is annexed the Gardener's Kalendar. By J. 

Reid. Edin. 1683. 4to. 
Seotfs Marmion. 1763. A poem by Sir Walter Scott. 
Seattisk Cryptogantie Flora. 302. By Dr. GreviUe. Edin. 188S. Svo. 
I. 9w. Thompaon*s Seasons. 

cc 2 



ufiT OF BOOKS heferred to. 



BeeaiubU Mlm. ite CUtK. 1M£. Hiniaica nr >-Hiitoire NUunllc du Cbtne Fv H, D> 3c 

sSgm. ^t. Ic VX». Trew(C. AHonui.perJ. M,SfliBni.nn. Niim. 1768-1786. Iton. (fOJtk 
a^rkOiin Btp. inG. GencnlViooT thuAgricuItuKlDUicCauntleiof RfsburghuidSelkitk, 

ri. 1!^. ' LondonrK:;?. 

nu. IMS, SntliDRiulJcFUiDeT thTougb Fruicc >nd lUly. Bj the Rer. L. Stcmi 

bUDUUU, LJbD- y Toll- 1^0. 

TnauShnibiiHtronli with the Dutch, Gmun, l^gliih, FiEDFh, ind LlDn^unei Cncrtlici 

Amittrf., ins— 17UI. StoU. *1o. 
Str. XA ^IS. N. C Scringe M^linni Bounlqua. Bunc, 1618. STr'" 
&F. Wu. fiUi. IKI. Id., Hui<e lldWIiquc d'HiiUire MUunllc. 



BotaTilqnb Bcme, 
SeTi€i^f FacU,^. 1600, A Serin of Facti, HiDd, OtKrvatlsni, and Exprriini 

UDdeft oT ni^ng, pnninK, And training roimf Tree* In PlantationB. ", -<. ■'■rtiusMju. 

StucmlniTT, ISW jro. 
Sertw. art. ewlW. 1*56. S« SrrM. Sa«te. iff la SnUar. 

&r«lu. &AJo ilr In SalHi!. IML N. C Seiingt, Siulu de li Suiuf. B«i». S ftic. tlo. 
iSm^cMmr. itriSiH^ifeJaSiiiiK. UTi. Id,, Ewi d'UKldDnDgn^le da Saulu de li golK. 

I.e., i«H., Hffl. 3«Miw-i.,«fr. 

«nt, Oir 

SlnlFirdtlii 

auSntmi~ - ■ - ■ 

•iJhmarirB^^i^'.^'in^V^^^l''SiiaM,K.D. Edinbncgh, 
imnwr'r Bririn rf/iirfrnfrr Bd Gntia lUDiltalB, iiTc PrcdnimuA HiJbinjB Katiuwu m ^uu nvgnnia 

Niibin, fte. ^ Dr. R. BlHMld, Edlii. Ite). PoL 
AOMqrv'f R. Gnrc. 14 B« Kdt, Gnee. 

aitb. Fay. dc Crrlr. 39(1 »eber |F. G.}. Reiic nicb der Intti Knu. L^piig, 1B2S. 6io. 
AiUimiMB'i ffciu £i>niiiiiibigttw. ^1*5. Silbenninn, Renu Entonwlogl^ue. Struboutt, 1633. 

SaUnm-i Jairtml. 5,% The Amiriun Joanial rf Science mnd Art. CODductal by BcdJuiIb 
SilUDUin, M,I). In quarterly No.. Svo. 

MiH**-! IVaKJj dimwt itoJir A ISI7. i«TI, Slmoad (L.), A Toui ill Italy iDd SidI;. Londoii, 

AAwiiIiiHbci, fr. iSlfi. See ObttTVUIOlu Utt Smniiirillt, Ac. 

Sirii! or, a Otim itf PkibirivlllcaSdtecUoMimdEiK^rif I cimrfriiitltlkr Vtrlaaid Tar WtlrT. 
3U6. SjrDl. U.BnkFler. LardBlihapiil'ClOiriK, Dublin, I7U. Sto. 

Skttetitt, 4c. u. HUtoiical and Blognpliical Sketcbea 01 the Pnneu ol Douny In Engluid, fMa 
UeOriEln to the Inttcidiictlanoribe Llnimn Syilnn. By R. Pultency, Kb. Landoo, 1736l 

SiKtdia in Spain. 170. See Sktidir' m Snihi, Ic. 

$tTlot«M5caM,»<-. 13S3. Iknchn In Spain. By Clpt.S.E. Coot, R.N. LandaD,lSM. SlolLgn. 

Siclota tiT tit Mar. Col. or Brilli* Amrrica. <i\3i. See WOnfr-i Stclctri nf the Marim^ 

Cotoniet, At. 
Stoat BUI. 480. See Ulaav Jam. 

StamtJam.1X. THeNiluialHUWryorjinuiM. London. 1707—1745. S Tok fol 
SnUat'i AgricalbiTal Ktntrljf ArgDlUkiri. «. General Vim of the Aniciillure of the County of 

Argjn. ByJ, amilh. Edinb. 1798. Bio. 
SmM'i Em*. Bol. atS. Sec Eng. Bnl, 
SmilA-t Six. Fl. 13B. SrrEiu.Fr. 
SmM'i Eat. Bol. 377. Eiolic Botany. By Sir J. E. Smith. Lmlsn, 18M, 1S03. £ vols. 4ta. 

Smdii-I Fler. Brit. aSK. Set Fl Br. 

SmM'i Flar, Gr. M3. See FlOT. Onfc. 

SmM'iHulnTvi^ Nana Scotia. 1125. PubMibed in the Uag. NaL Hlit, 

SnM'i 7roii. 1063, See SmllJt lam. Plct. 

SmOX Icon. Fia. 99S. Iconea fide PluDlvum lularun. By Sir J. E. Smith. Ixindon, 1790- 

SmM'i IMroiL In Bat 1816. An Intiodunion to Fhyiinlilgical and Sntemalical BoUny, Id. 

iM*Drp-i Flora Ofaca. 161. Flone Onrc PrDdmmui : %\<it Pkntuum 

Id. LoodDn, IHUS— 1613. I 



I'l Salt. 314. Spidlegium Botanlcum. Id. Lai. et Eii(L Faadc duo. London, 173«. 

\-t^mrimllit Co^tmnl. I«6. A iketcb of i Tour on the Continent In the Vein 178e,17S7. 
i. London, 1733, 3 vola 8io. ^ 



SatttaC' Rodtrltk. MSS. Rodfrl 
j^ocOa. *a Stkn. Nat. aSi. 



tetheAiehl- 

. .......».«»^ »«»...,.,. MMIrrtrtirafwl Hiiin^ Htrh fen Hlatnrb,.! >rul / . .- - 

. By ThoDui Sopvlth. 



latcelctaratfd HulD; Willi an HIatorlcal and ArcbllectunI 
LaatortliEGothL BySouIhey. 




LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. CCXXl 

' tie im Natmre. fi051. ftMctade de la Nature, oo Entretlens sur les Particularitet de VHIa- 

toire Naturelle. Par Noel Pluche. Paris, 1764—1770. 8 vols. ISmo. A Translation, under the 
telle of Spectacle de la Nature ; or. Nature Displayed ; being discourses on such Particulars of 
Natunl History as were thought most proper to excite the Curiosity and form the Minds of 
Youth. Illustrated with Copperplates. By Humphreys. London, 1740. 7 vols. 8va 

Saaurr'f Skepkerd'* Calendar. 1785. A poem by Spenser. 

atHPO^. Amtiq. BoL 1917. Kurt Sprengel, Antiquitatum Botanicarum Specimen. Lipuse, 1798. 

Sprtmg. Gem. 1861. [^rengePs (C) edition of Unnseus's Genera Plantarum. 6ott 18da 2 vols. 8vo. 
J^tiM. My. 997. Sprengel (K.), Neue Entdeckungen in gansen Umlang dcr Pflanzenkunde. Leip. 

^ce. Boi. Ant. 1721. Sprengel (K.), .\ntiquitatum Botanicarum Specimen. Leip. 1796. 4ta 
^$L Append. 325. See Spreng. Syst. 

"*M Sjf$t. 2491 Systema Vegetabilium, Caroli LinmeL Cur. Curtio Sprengel Gdttingse, 
4 vols. 8to. 
rJU. Comtn. de Theopkrast. 1643. See Theophrastvs*M Histon'a Planiarum. 
wHak** Commons* Complamt. 836. The Commons' Complaint, concerning the Waste of Woods, 
and the Dearth of Victuals ; with Four Remedies for the same. London, 1611. 4to. 
SUL Account. Scot. 1226. Sinclair (Sir G.), SUtistical Account of Scotland. Drawn up from the 

Conmuuication of the Ministers of the different Parishes. Edinb. 1791—1799. 21 vols. 8vo. 
Siammi. Embau. 2460. An authentic Account of an Embassy from the King of Great Britain to 

the Emperor of China. By Sir G. Staunton, Bart Lond. 1797. 2 vols. 4to, pi. 44. 
SUtta Higtory of Peat Moss. 1464. Steel (A.), The Natural and Agricultural History of Peat 

Moas, or Turf Boff. Edinb. 182a 8va 
Stephenson and Churckiirs Medical Botany. 465. Sec ChurchiWs Medical Botanu. 
Stepkens lUuat, Haust. 18^ See Stephen* {J. P.), S[c. ; the work being divided into two sections, 

Mandibulata and Haustellata. 
Stephens (J. P.)* Illustratums qf British Entomology. London, 1828. 10 vols, and some parts, and 

eoiitinued. 8vo. 
Steud. Nam. Bat. 889. See SteudeTs Nomenclaior. 
StemdeT* Nomenclaior. 1486. E. Steudel, Nomenclator Botanicus, enumcrans Ordine alphabetico 

Nomina atque Synonvma Plantis imposita. Stuttgardt et Tubing. 1821—1824. 2 vols. bvo. 
Ste9. Obs. ined. in H. HWd. 745. 
A. Helena Gazette. 1511. A periodical 
A. Hitaire Uvr. 1414. Saint Hilaire (Auguste), Histoire dcs Plantes les plus remarkablcs du Brdsil 

et de Paraguay. Paris, 1824. 3 vols. 4to. 
S tls pium Historiie Pempiades. 234. See Dod. Pempt. 
St. Jatnet's Chronicle, \5ffl. A London newspaper. 

&dfce'« Bot. 1123. A Botanical Arrangement of British Plants, &c, by W. Withering, including a 
new set of references to Figures. By Jonathan Stokes, M.D. Birmingham, 1787. 8 vols. 8vo. 
Storm qf Bimini. 2122. A poem by Leigh Hunt 
St. Pierre's Etudes de la Nature. 1307. J. Bernardin Henri De Saint Pierre, E'tudes de la Nature 

Paris, 1800. 10 vols. 18mo. 
Strutts Sylva. 1221. See Strutt*s Sylva BrUannica. 
Stmifs Sybra BrUannica. 48. Sylva Britannica ; or. Portraits of Forest Trees dbtinguisbed for 

their Antiquity, &c. By J. G. Slrutt Imperial 8vo, 50 plates. 
Strupe*s Ltfe cfGrindal. 35. Life and Acts of Bishop Griudal : with an Appendix. By John Strype, 
M.A. London, 1710. Folio. 

\qf Nature. I00& St Pierre's E'tudes de la Nature, translated by Dr. H. Hunter. London, 
17911. 3 vols. 8va 

D. PI. 1494. Jacob Sturm, Deutschland Flora. Pars. 1. (Phanerog.), fasc 1—28. Pars 2. 

(Cryptog.), fasc 1— 11. Numberg, 1798 ct scq. 2 vols. 4ta 

Smbnrban Gardener. 698. The Suburban Gardener, and Villa Companion : comprising the Choice 

of a Suburtwn or Villa Residence, or of a Situation on which to form one. By J. C. Loudon, 

F.L&, H.S., &C. London, 1838. 8va 

Sufpl. Encyc. Agri. 738. Supplement to the Encyclopaedia of Agriculture. By J. C. Loudon, 

F.LS^ Ac. London, 1834. 8va 
SuppL to Eng. Bot. 735. See Supplement to English Botany. 
Supplement to English Botany. 145a See Eng. Bot. Suppl. 
Smr la Naturalisation des Arbres Porestiires de fAmirique. 142. M^moire sur la Naturalisation, 

&C. Par F. A. Michaux. Paris, 1805. 8va 
Surrey. 28. See Manning and Bray's Surrey. 
Survey qf Dorsetshire. 36. See Coker's Survey qf Dorsetshire. 
Survey qf Porfarshire, 100. See Headrick's Survey qf Forfarshire. 

Survey qf London. 512. A Survey of London, contayning the originall Antiquitic, Increase, 
modeme Estate, and Description of that City, written in the Year 1598. .By John Stowe, 
Citixen of London. London, 1598. Small 4to. 
Smrvey of Worcestershire. 896. See PUfs Survey of Worcestershire. 
Survey </ the County qf Nottingham. 1520. General View of the Agriculture of the County of 

Nottingham. By K. Lowe. London, 1796. 8vo. 
Sut Helv. 1586. See Suier's Flora Helvetica. 

Suter's Flora Helvetica. 160. J. R. Suter. Flora Helvetica. Turici, 1802. 2 vols. 12mo. 
Sutherland's Catalogue of Plants in the Edinburgh Botanic Garden. 5^ 
Sutherlands Hortus Medicus Edndmrgensis. 104. Jas. Sutherland, Hortus Medicus Edinburgensis. 

Edinb. 168a 8vo. 
SveuMk Bot. 104a Svcnsk Botanik. Stokholm, 1804—1819. 8 vols. 8va 
Smarta, Ft. Ind. Occ. 999. Olof scu Glaus Swarts, Flora Indis Occidentalis. Erlangs, 1787— 

1806. 3 vols. 8vo. 
Swtrtx Prod. 2271. Id., Prodromus Descriptlonum Vegetab. Indis Occidentalis. Holmia?, 

1788. 8va 
8m. Br. Pl.-Gard. 242. The British Flower*Garden. Conducted by R. Sweet and aflcrwanU 

by Professor Don, till 18S7. London. 8vo. 
SmteCs H.B. 388. See Svoeet's Hort. Brit. 

SmeeTs HorL Brit. 240. Sweet (R.\ Hortus Britannicus. London, 1826. 8vo. 
Smt, Of/. 318. Cistines. The Natural Order of Rock Rose. By R. Sweet London, I&K). 

8vo. 
Swt. Fi. Austr. 359. Flora Australasica. London, 1827, 1828. 8vo. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 



9im.0tr.«0. OlofHU OLautSmni, ObHtoIionn Buladlc*. ^ing^ mi. Bm. 

M..rfiHr. Wa tin Svli-ii Amrhama. 

^.StrUka. 10^. SjInnSkocha: ocaCompanion u Ibe Park ind the Shnib)i«7,Ac B; 

MUiItenl,UieAuIl.orot FloralJorawtlca. Loi»t™.IS!S. Snj. 
^ffct. Sar. PL Sx:. Ba. SaS.1 JliaOi.tMa. 1M7. S}lloK<fl>Dtaruia NoTanim aSsclcuteRepa 

HallibniKnii ediU. Kail^. ISIt. wid ccntlnurd. 
Mm.M. STlXjDT.aDiHsniHiBFnnKTTctL By JoHn Erdrn. London. IGM 4ta. 
&lm Amttinna. \x. a. D. J. Br— "-— ■"- — 
il^fH JMimiitnL ML Sac Antf ■ , 



5r<Ri FUri/m __ _ _ 

■ecauntafttit FlEiwEiingShrubiindTrHi which noir anwnienl the StirubbOT, &c Bt R 
Fhillp^f.H.K (xinrton. IMM. aw.li S.O, 

Srlaplillfait BniUh Fbira 7M. Ste /,i".a S»bow. 

^my n li Ifrt*aJfta Sftrpinin Briranniramm. ^ Jdh. Rif, Srnopaii Methoillca SHcpluB BiV 

^i>. »»/*. lUD. J. C. FUifielui, 'Sjitcua ElnUientanni Kcundiun OnUmt, Ix. Kilia, 
^1. rcf .' «wr. 19E5. S« ^wv"*' ^r"- '''X- 



7^a»en>. KramltT*. 1731. J. T. TibrnivniaiiUniu, KiiiuIRtMich. Francof. Hela, 1SR8— I5M. 
Ed. S. Cur. C Bauhlno. PnnRri', Mein, IBIl und 1685. Baiiliz, IfiM and 1T3I. 

7^*. iXR. Cowper*! Tuk. A poem. 

TniBrt. 401. Tedor ru), SjllogE Flantanim. Napln. Sto. 

Tat. ^1. lUS. Sh riKirt. 

Tciur. i'mf. f], Kcap. 3SJ. MIcta. Tenon, Fndroinui FlonB NeipDlttua, Ncapt ISil— m& 

Tour. SifH. Fl, ITeep. 393, Id., 9Tnap(ii Doraium inanUnun, ijub In Frodninlo dncrtbUBtuI. 

TdKH i^U. Fl. Wwjial. «94. S« Taurr. 

Ttnote'a Ftora StapciiUina. IM. Id.. Flora NcapoUIana. NHpoU, ISII frt led. € fate. Ail. 

IVuMiwH nnnr Nrfoietuli Olutrali:. !LO0. Dr. WaUich, Tentamen, &c Calcult. e( Stm^ 



nu Botanitli oBd i 


aantour-i V™. i»«Mli.-».-80. The Botaniil'i and (hirdnr 
NaiDM. CiaMca, Orden. Oenertc Chamclfr^ lic Bj Jai. W 


jiiiTn^s;?^;; 


Olouceittt. Ix 


le Ionian bland. In 


7*! Lai,!.:. : 


.-.■ "Pli. nlH. An .nelent Rung. 
, . 1 ( . ., ir. iS. Bj Mo.1. Couke. London, lETli. 


4Co. 



ntSUUe^SHmScloetS^ A rutloui Ms isiii. 

TV IVw JMM V Hiipraiiiig a* KiUU ip PlaMaHomi of TimbcT Trm. M B)f Bait; Langfe;. 

ijndBn, 17BL tto. 
ne inwa^ TU& MS. One of SbaktpHre'i Plajn. 

n«^. Bet. UOl. See Panhnmii'i TVo'. Bat. __ 

nMl«.ifrt laaa Olliler dg amtt. TbtUn d' Apiculture. Potii, 160^ fcL ; ISII, St* 

Omtn, 1838 : I^m, 1S79 ) I^cii. ISO^ IHUl £ •ok 4ta. 
nMtf« d-^dwa&n. ThL B; Hadama D* Oenlli. ParK, ernm. IJmo 
nM«<( *• AuRto. 181& F. C. LewT, ThWo«ie de. liuaiM, no WmmnrUioii (Is FMte- 

UndeDindHlilaaleequlooiianltteeliuBem. Trat ds l-AUonand: anc d» BemaniMi 

de U. P. l^iKESCt. AlaHa7e,n«. STotaam.jle. 
J%Bjplmuliu'i Jbiloria Plimlaram. 16. Tlieoiihiani Hl>loria Flanlanira., Gr, *l 

Tki»ir'E'U->nua>rr. SIS. A,F. DctandoUe, Thiotlc 'siinirntalie de la BoUniriue. 

IBIJ. 8to. 
nU.JMd.3n. TliltKud'i M9. 
Vttehuu'i Fbt. Va. \ta*. A TwitUe on Foreign Ve|e«aUe«, ftc. By Rail* TWckD*^. 

London, 17*9. B>d. 
Tluimp, nup. en. Thomnon't (A. T.) London DUpenuIoiT- 
Tltm (Mar. Lai«L luiL J. Thore. Eual d'une Chlorli du IHputment del Luda. 



. Bl J. Stuarl Edinburgh, 1831 IJnio. 
I. FT. Far. *15. J. L. IDUIIlier. Flore do Birlnini de Farla. ParU, 1T90. l&l 
1. FnuL 501 C. P. ThuDbe^, Prodrnmui Plantatum Capenilum. Upial, 1 
it. Dill 1003. [d,. DiH.dcErici. Upial, ITaS. Mo. Ed. £. Cur. R. A. Salirtn 
1*. A Jap. 235. See THimi. Jaf. 
Ji.Jitf.TX. Id.. Flora Japonica. Llpil^ 178*- f 



LIST OF BOOKS REFEBRED TO. 

t^r^.tk^ SB!. VliK TIdb, PulUiit Pluuram SIeIHb nikKiBL Pmoni. 
r. Mb ■* E^atrct Cn. Fl. flatx Gcrmaiiicx. 13tG. S«t Km Von Etmbici On, 
1^ Pm^. Met*, nw. H. J. Tode, Fungi MckJcnbuitmli kIkU. Liul 

TWny Ft. IT. S. SSa. TanBt't Flnm of ttw NonliRn uHl Middle Suto. New 

T^r hi L^tamd. IIOS. LKhciii LifBonia ; or, a Tout in L«|il»iid, now flnl 
Ih* Oliti'ol V& Jounul or the oelebntMl LinnKui. B; Hli J. E. So;lth. 



TbBvMu. a)86L Toioiibilui 

Lcwlan, IMt. Ha 
IVaelf. £7. TncU in Pnctial Aiilcultun uid Gicdning, In i 

Ih. n>n)rn Cullun in the Field, ftc, Br RiFllanl WeitaD. 
'i aaal^gai. M. Publlihed In MuKiin TndcKir 



=:Sf'£ 



Pr<il.,i 

1*^4 Pratiiac it la OtUur 



J*mit* eml., tc. 3\SS. Srr TrtuU FraUatu, ie. 



TraM nr la Mtrim 
TVK JtM &v. C1I6. an rwi. iroju. 
IVau. See. ArO. 19m. St Tnatadumt </ U-r Sxirlr d Arit. 
Trmianlemia lilt Etitomclimical Sadttii 1^ Lam^Bii. 30e. Loodon. Bepinln 18 
Ttmuacliem iir llir Higlila»fS<iciriir. 1«L The aiuiterlr Joumji of Aericuilui 
EHayi ind TnoHctinni or the Hl^hlud bocielr of Scnlluiil. Edln. ItK 



Hlghlud bocielr of Scnlluiil. 

mi—ieao, i loii. 



OfAooc of lit FrMUfan iiortle 
mgd« flutHibiun in den KC 



cJ Saetelt. 118. 






. .■nKSnlgUcJi .._. 

IVhibcMbw 9f lilt Sotal IrUlt Act^tmr. 111. DuUin. 4to, Publbhed occHlMullr, 
lyaiiMifKnu of Uit Sidity for fit EtuainigtmaU •<( ArU. H75. TnnuctloniDf the aocletir (br 

Ibe Eacouragrmetit of ARi. MuubcluiBi, Coaaarm, Ac Lond. 178S PubUthad on*. 

Tnmtcliimi 10 Mc Soeit^ ef ArU. 1550. See Tramaaiiait ilt Hit Society fir Me Encamtcwtat 

Tmaaeliimt ef lilt Sixittg tif EiUmliKTgk. 'JSS. Edln. 1788. 4ta. Publiilied nccaikoillT. 

Trait. jUt. Tuc. SM. TnulDick in Siii [C.) Trutato degU ADwi ilella T(k«u. yinitiKe, 1801. 

nan. .^rc*. 40S. Isn. TruUnlck, ArthiT. der GewEchiliunde. ^enii, 1811— 18lt. 3 bic. Mo. 
naa. Am. 7H. Id.. Rfuceuum MhkwtmpIiIi. Vindnb. IBiS, 1S2t. i tuIi. imell Bto. 
TrwnUimr Henoram/miu. 16«. TnTeOIng Memannlunu nude in ■ Tour on Uie Cntlnent Of 
EuTDpI in the Ye»ri 1786 md 1788. Bj Francii Ourd™, Lord GlideniMne. Edln. 17SS. S 

TVovli. SM. TnieU into North America ; conuininj iu Niturel HlBorj. with He Oril, Eeele- 

■DdlTfil. StoU. Bto. TranilatedbiJ. Oonter. Wir^gton, 1770. Sroli. g.D. 
TiaatU. TSa. See Forltr't {Sir RObrrl An-) TVoiwtl. 
Irani: I3<£. Or. D. E. Clarke'iTnicbluTuiawCountrieaorEuniiK, AiUi,>nd Aftla. Land. 

TroKU'nSI. tmOa tn Potaid, RuhIi, Sireden, Sc. B]r W. Core, F.ILS, London, nM. 

TVuKfi. 9M8. TnielilhrouihtbeSauUieni PiDTlnceenrihe RuHUnEmpire, in the Tean ITS^ 

171* B» P. S. I'allai i .-Ola tlo. 
nsaiUaMmifUr Aroft rri/n'i. i*ll. Tnnli among the Atab Tnbea ii< Sjru B>J.S.Ba^ 

briiuL Lend. IHi;. 41... 
iy»3r*.*«7*<.tal7;:i ir.l. see JVokI., SS& 

I>nA«i^i<* JfiMT, 4i -III. B J. Miokmald Kinnler. London, 1818. Ktcl 
T>n^ *> Eat^. ISai. S,,' O.Wn-'j TraatU. 
TraaiUiaafat/aaiidFli,r,i:.l0l8. Stt Bartram'i Traarlt. 
Trwarll la Gnta- Sll. I'j In Chandlet. Londnn, 176B. tto. 
T^amtbf' ftvi Eaglanil. '..i.i. See Diriglifi Tratrli kt fitw Earlaai. 
TratU ta Wirt* Jmtnin. ■.'I'H. See TVanefa, iSa 
TVurcli n Pcr.io. 7>lii By ^'iT Wlllkun Oiuefet. Loodon, 1819. 

lVanIliiiMe/i>Ud»/tlU|4c.«fln. Tntreli in the lonlu Iiluda, Albania, Thioil;. Se, BtDt. 

Holland, lnl81»~!8lt. Lond. 1815. 410. 
traatUlalllt Lnaal.'miU Sat OlUitrU Traa^t. 

TVweJf ta Mf Utwrr. SiXi. Buraa (A,), TraTeliiotoBokhin, Ac Londnn, ISM. S eob. 8ni. 
traaOl im IIk Ftratlaa Aada. iAM. See Paoplgi TratcU, ic. 
nattiitiat Tarealaur. itX. Tnieli in Ihe^arenUlK, lie. By H. Blkeitell, Ek). Lwtdoo, 



JtKS 



CCXXIV LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED T(X 

Treatiae on CMl Jrek. 1441. TVeatiae on Ovil Architecture. By Sir WiUlun Chambers. London, 
2d ed., 1768. Folia 

JYeatise on Cowtiry Residence. 2S85. A Treatine on the forming, improving, and managing Coun- 
try Residences, &c. By J. C. Loudon, F.L.S., Sec. Lond. IbOG. ^ vols. 4to. 

Treatise on Forest Trees. 102. Earl Haddington. 1733. 

Treatise on the Acacia. 161& See WOhers's Treatise. 

Treatise on the Growth^ QMolities, and Uses qf the Acacia Tree. 617. See JVithers's Treatise on the 
Acacia. 

Treatise on the Muibeny, ^c. 1858. See PascaUs^s Treatise on the Mulberry. 

TredgoUTs Carpentry. ViX^. Elementary Principles of Carpentry. By I'homas Tredgold. Loo- 
don. 4to. 

Tre9. Obs. Sot. 1497. See Treviranus's Obs. Bot. 

Treviranus'sObs. Bot. X^Si. Bey triige zur Pflanzen Physiologic. Gottingen, 1811. 8vo. 

Trew Ehr. 841. See Treto Set. 

Treuf Set. 424. C. J. Trew, Plantse selects ah Ehret. pictse. 1750—1755. Fol. 

TrUfflebau. 1975. See Der Trlifflebau. 

Tumer*s UerbaL 25. See Turner's Names qf Herbes. 

Turner's Names qf Herbes. 35. A New Herball ; with the Names of Herbes in Greek, Latin, 
Dutch, French, &c. ; with numerous wood^ngravings. In 2 parts. Pt 1., London, 1551, fol. ; 
pt2., CoUen,.]5e2, fol. 

Tmrp. et Poit. Ft. de Par. 1212. Foiteau et Turpin, Flore Farisienne. Paris, 1808, et suiv. FoL 

U. 

Ungarisch Mag. 2186. Ungrisches Magazin von H. C. Yon Windisch. Presburg, 1781— 178S. 

3 vols. 8va 
Ups. 1259. C. Linnaeus, Hortus Upsaliensis. Stodcholm, 1748. 8vo. 

V. 

Vahl Enum. 1203. Martinus Vahl, Enumeratio Plantarum. Haunisp, 1805, 1806. 2 vols. 8vo. 

Vahi Ft Dan. 1594. Sec Ft. Dan. 

VahJ Symb. Id., Symbolse Botanicos. Hauniae, 1790—1794. 3 fasc fol. 

Fail. Herb. 601. Vaillant (S.), Botanicon Parisiensc. Lug. Bat 1723. 8vo. 

Vaill. Acad. Sden, 1203. Vaillant in Acad, des Scien., &c. 

Farhus Thoughts on Planting and Training Timber Trees. 188. By Dr. Anderson, under the Name 

of Agricola. Edin. 1777. 8vo. 
Vegetable Statistics. 1189. By S. Hales. London, 1727, 8vo; ed. 2., 1733; cd. 3, in Statistical 

Essays, 1738. 
Veiled Prophet qf Khorasian. 2040. A poem bv Moore. 
Vent Cels. 259. E P. Ventcnat, Description des PUntes nouvelles ou pcu connues du Jardin de 

J. M. Cels. Paris, 1800, fol. ; ed. Germ., Rcemer, Zurich, 1802. 
Vent. Choix. 350. Id., Choix des Plantes. Paris, 1803—1808. 10 fasc. foL 
Vent. Hort. Cels. 358. See Vent. Cels. 
Vent. III. 662. See Vent. Malm. 
VenL Jard. Malm. 1266. Sec Vent. Malm. 

Vent. Malm, 642. Id., Jardin de la Malmaison, 1803—1805. 2 vols. fol. 
Vent. Tabl. du Rigne regit. 1362. Id.. Tableau du R^gne V^g^tal. Paris, 1797. 4 vols. 8vo. 
Ventcnat Dec. Nov. Gen. 2462. Id., Decas Generura novorum, &c. 18^8. 4to. 
Verhand Batav. Genootsch. 2329. Vcrhandelingen van hot Bataviaash Genootschap der Roustaa 

an wetenschappen. Batavia aut Rotterdam, 1770^1792. 6 vols. 8va 
Versuch Uber die Metamorphose der Pflanzen. 925. See Gothe's Ditto. 
Vetusta Momtmenta. 1748. Vetusta Monumenta quae ad Rerum Britannicarum Memoriam conaer- 

vandam Societaa Anttquariorum Londini sumptu suo edcnda curavit London, 1747—1796. 3 

torn, folio. 
vol. Cat. Strtub. 88a D. Villars, Catak^ue m^thodique du Jardin de Strasbourg. Strasboui;g, 

1807. 8vo. 
VilL Daupk. 421. Sec Villars' s Plantes du Dauvhini. 

VUL Prom. 587. Villars (M.J, Prospectus de I'Histoire des Plantes du Dauphin6. Grenoble, 1779L 
Viltars's Plantes du Dauphme. 227& Id., Histoire des Plantos du Dauphin^. Grenoble, 1786— 

1788. 4 voU. 8vo. 
VirgU JBn., Dryden's Trans. 1784u Dryden*s Translation of Virgil, Carey's ed. Lond. 1806. 3 

vols. 8vo. 
Visiani PI. Dalm., ex BoL Zeit. £87. Plantse Dalmaticae nunc primum edits a R. De Visiani, M.D.^ 

in the Botanische Zeitung. 1830. 
Vitman. Sp. PI. SS18. Vitmann, Summa Plantarum quae hactenus, &c. Mcdiol. 178&— 179S. 6 

vols. 8vo. 
Vic. Ann. Bot. 583. Dom. Viviani, Annali di BoUnica. Oenova, 1802—1804. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Viv. Firagm. 343. Id., Flore Italics^ Fragmenta. Genusp, 1808. 4to. 
Volkamer's Continuation der Nurembergischen Hesperidum. 1337. Mimberg, 17C6. Folia 
Voy./rom Egypt. 526. See Delil. Descr. Egypt. 
Voyage d la Louisiane. 2484. Duprati. 
V(iage aux lies Canaries. 2263. See Feuillie It. 

Voyage dans les Petits Cantons, et dansles Alpes Rkttiennes. 93n^ See Kasthqftr's Voyage dauM,^. 
Voyage de Crite. 638. Siebuhr. 

Voyage de ^/rie et du Mont Liban. 2409. Par Jean De U Roque. Paris, 1722. 2 vols. ISmo. 
Voyage to CreU. 320. See Vouage de Criie. 
Voyage to the Levant, 2410. Voyage to the Levant, tec. By Cornelius Bruyn. London, 1702. SoL 

W. 

Wen. 1074. See Wmd. Enum. 

W Sp. 23a See mild. Sp. PI. 

Wade's Salices.\iBB. Salices. By Dr. Wade. Dublin, 1811. 8vo. 

WaM. Fl. Suec. 1 138. O. Wahlenberg, Flora Suecica. U|imI, 1824—1826. 2 vols. Hvo. 



LIST OF BOOKS REFERRED TO. 

WtIL Bilt. S» Id, DtVanUlioDC H CUmite la Hilntli (qitCBniiioaU, li 

AntaB. TurlcirMla. Sid. 
Wtltni. n Cart. EDO. Id., Flon Cupalaruni prfuclpiliuni, cihtbeni FUMai I 

pwirtt, IDCCT FlDDlm MWum ct I)uiMjHi.cnK(BU* i cum Tnctitu ilt Altiiu 

baaUuiB. 0«ttlnK 1811 8>n 
WttUmt. Fl. Upp. 1$&. Id., Flora Lapponla, In lUDcribui 1900—1810 dnuo 1i>< 

BIX, 1812 si?. — «™-. 

nun. ttKILPI. l^mg. Sli. S« tniUi/. (1 XCI. I>J. Xnr. Hinu,. 
WaMH. (t iU. n. JUr. Ami S3£ WaldiUin « Kituhc), OKHpUaa M b 

MiK jMiM. Srt. sa Nath. Wallidi, Aiiaw BMcaRba | a, TruHcUoiH of Ika SscM* kHIl- 
_ tBtadUBaonL ITU. «a 

VaD. OIL STK^Wallkli-i 1t& Catakwiw dT the Plaou conMlncd io tb* Hottiariiia of tlM Ewt 
Ildia CiiMT. nam In Uia Pinaniiiin Bf Uw LlimiMD goWMT- 

lomNipaliDdiUJiutnw. Cdentu, USfc FoUo. 



^fi itss. 306. Sh irmi 

S*U. Fl M.Xar.2*a. S« mm. PL .<fM. R^. 

tI'M PL Mlmt Bar. 3S0. kL, Flute Antica nrtona ) or, DscrlptJoH and nfOia of a Mlact 
NmBbR or nnpubUiliid Fluu at Of EM India. Laodm, la»— 1B3E. a nU, 107*1 IM. 

frUr. SeM 739. F.W.W*nrvUi,&dia]iitEcritlivd«FliiulaFI«BlIakButaKlBtli,*c Mala, 

„ last b™ 

VUnict JVoHw. 813. p. o. Wallratli. Bom FUntaniiB Onwcii HlitKia necinniL, ftc Nort. 

bBH. IBSg. Sio. 
IMolc'i Itamin. ISOa Walpoli-i (R.) Uauin rdatlng to Eunpan ud AiUtlo Tuikar. te 

WtM-i Ihierrof DaiO-t. 117. WhIlclDW anri Walih'i Hlitorr of the Cll; or Dublin, Ac, villi 

lr>a.C9r. SM. S« B-fl™S'cor. ' 

Wan. FL Car. !ta Tbom. WilUr, Fl<n caioltnlana. Londint, I7S8. Stol 
mitt. /fori. 1991. A. F. Wallbcr, b«l|[n>Ilo Hanlanim Ham ejui. Lijula, IT35, in. 
WmKbriuti- »ia. Wandninn In South ATOcilra, Ac, In the yeua Ul«, 1SI6, law. and 18M. 
BTdiarln WatctbM, ^ LondDn, lSlS,MD^idad. ISSS.STOi Sd (d. 1036, naaU gro. 

Wmu. BrjflT. m\. Wnnanheiin {F.A.O.;, Aopdinnini nanUamcrieanlieliar HaluiMi. Gol- 
_ tlnpe, ITST. 3 loU lolio 
Wmwf.Fortt. IS79. S« (foif. &»>-. 

ir«<i. zmrf: «a sr wabow,,-! ond. Btil 



. HlttolnNatunlto'da IiluCui- 
^r WetibetSablnBCTtholet. Parti, " ■ 

'wimAEUcim\. J'P'Wv™ , . r ,- 

Wcmtt-Harl. Id., HoRui HFTTHihuunui. 1T98— tWl. ifttc.lA. 

WimM.Oit. 3M. Wcndland (J. C.|, BnUniaehe B«liactatun«Hi nc)i« (inlgtnnauen Gattmiten mid 

AlUn. Hunnoin, 1798. Fol. 
WtTn. Sac. Ttmi. nai. Sh »<TVriaji TVrmi. 
WtTiHTim Trant. 17TM, Hemdn of the WcneiUo Natural Hiilorr SsclMy. EdlDburfh, 1811, 

gw^rgyto-JJiTa.n/Srf^cffli.JLJt IIW. Brtilol,lSSS. 8-0. 

Wtuwl JHm. 399. Sfc WttrrUr-, Jimmry. 

mudn'i Jatmrt. tuO. A Joumer Into Oicea in the Companj of Dr. Spoc at LronL B) Sir G. 

I*U. Omi^ lisa. S» »':tiaiiiFr'i Htiurv q^ Cram. 

WUtUtlr-i Hilton of Cram. IWS Hlltorr and Antiquitln of the Deanerj of Crarni, in Iha 

CoBDtTOf yorf BiltafRcT. T. Wlilttakvr. LohIdii, ll«5. Folio. 
IFiirl ir.rl*. -|S5. A. a H r. Wibt]. ITiiiinifl' Fid.i.' WcHhrlnwniU. Jcn», 179ft 8«k 
llt^Ti'i (.'ai-nJoun. Ifi'.4. Wnrit! ol iljr< iIjimo ill' Vcya. tranalatfd Into Engliih Tone, with an 

W^lii-i Hiuliamtil ^ .itiJ/lad. ni'.' Thi'pnnii t'Uu.'iIf'theHuiliaiHlrr In Scotland. 'B; Andrtv 

Wirtit Edinburgh. n7S_ 1780. 6»oli, H.o. 
WmnSmDiu.JrOap'ii^.lmi. J. E. WikUrim. Diawrtatlo BoUnka da Daphne. StocUioln, 



tf. am; Saam. 1E» Id., Bcrliniarbr Baumiuchl. BirL 1811. 8iro. 

tf.XnaK8BS. lac K'tfMswtn'j £aaiKniUiiii, Ac. 

Id. Kmm. SmgL aa. Id., EaumtcatiDFIanunini Konl B«i>lin«nili. SupplemcntumFoathu- 

■« aMUMI^ItchlnidaL 

U. Bart ttr- Sat KWd £i>an 

K. jaUKoML Mk SecUMMaiuifet DrHlictn>Ar<i/U'((«. 

H. Sim. va. Baa Wilbt Sp. PI 

'd.^FI. Id., UrniariSmlaPUnUmm. DmoI 1797. StoUBto 

" ■- ' •-. IK. Id, BerllnlKh* DiumiiicliL Berol. IBll. «TO. _ 

»iflAr PlaiU^IDe BttUn Kogal Oardm. U18. Id., EnuneraUo Pluiti. 

OnuUolM. S ' 
lata. PEHadt 



d d 



CCXXVl LIST OF BOORS REFERRED TO. 

Wiitek Oeogr. DisMb, *!m. An EiMy od tb« Oeqmphical Distrllmtion of Plants through the 
Countiet of Northumberland, Cumberland, and Durham. By N. J. Winch. Newcartle. Ed. 2. 
18BSL Pamph. 8va 

WMerim^s BoUm^. 1223. A Systematical Arranmnent of British FUnts. By W. Withering, M.D. 
Bf mungham, 1776, 2 vols. 8vo ; ed. 7. with additions, London, 1890, 4 toIs. 8vo. 

Wiikert*M Tteat. 611. See Witkert's TretUiae om the Aeaeia. 

Witker»*s TreaOae. 61& See WUkers** TrtatUe om the Aeada. 

WUhen'M Treaihe m ike Aeaeia, 616. A Treatise on the Growth, Qualities, and Uses of the Acacia 
Tre&&c By W. Wlthera, Esq^ of HoK, Norfolk. 1836. 8to. Not published. 

WoUTf MistioMry Journal 2^11. WoUr(J.), Missionary Journal. London, 1827—1829. SvoU. 8vo. 

Wooiti Bowman*s GUtry, 2086. The Bowman's Glory, or Archery Revived ; giving an Account of 
the many dgnal Favours vouchsafed to Archers and Archery by those renowned Monarchs 
King Henry VI 11.. James, and Charies I., as by their several gracious Commissions here recited 
may s|»ear. Witn a brief Rdation of the Manner of Archers marching on several Days of 
Solemnity. Published by William Wood, Martial to the Regiment of Archers. London, 
1688. InBOL 

WoodkoM$ele^t Ufe qf Lord Kaimea. M. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of the Hon. Henry 
Home of Kamea. By A. F. Tytler, Lord Woodbousdee Edinb. 1807. 2 vols. 4ta 

WoodlamtU. 18& The Woodlands. By WlUiam Cobbett London, 1825. 8vo. 

WoodwUU^g Med. Bot, 485. Medical Botany ; containing Systematic and General Descriptions, with 
Plates, of an the Medicinal Plants, Indigenous and exotic, &c. By W. Woodville, M.D. 
London, 1790. 3 vols. 4to. 

WoodoiUt^B Med. Bot Stmd. 393. See Woodvllle*s Med. Bot 

Words. Poema. 1339. Wordsworth's Poems. 

Worka im Prou rnd Ferae. 94. See Petm^cuiek's Worka in Proae and Ferae. 

Y. 

Yatea's Accoami qfNew Zealand. 2604. In the London PhiL Mag. 

Yardley Ckaae. 178& See Cowper*a Yardlep Chaae. 

Year. nSS. A poem by BIdlake. 

Yomu^a AmauUa qf AgriaiUmre. 615. Annals of Agriculture and other usefiil Arts. Published in 

Nos. Bury St E&Bunds, 1790—1804. 40 vols. 8vo. 
Yotmg*9 Eaaex. 1760. General View of the Agriculture of the County of Essex. By A. Young. 

Cmdon, 1807. 2 vols. 8vo. 
Yomtg^a Tatar te Ireland. 2335. See Iriah Tour. 



Zan, Hist. 1259. J. Zanoni. Rariorum Stirpium Historia : ex i>artc olim edita ; nunc Centum plus 

Tabulis ampliaU. Ed. C. Montio. Bonon. 174fi. Fol. pi. 185. 
ZoolegicalJdumal. U40. Zoological Journal London, 1825, &c. 8va 



CONTENTS. 



INTRODUCTION. 



Chaf. 1. 

Of the Knowledge of Trees and Shrubs 
which existed among the Nations o{ 
Antiquity, 15. 

Saend Tm. IE. Tr« ot the EgTPtlui ud 
Fimuu, IG. BaumentloD of lta> apadci of 
Tthi ladlnnoui to Greece u given br Tbeo- 
Viirutui, 17. Treee of the Romuu, 19. 

Chap. II. 

Of the History and Geography of the 

Trees and Shrubs now in the British 

Iflandi. SO. 

Sbct. I. or the Native Trees and 

Sfarubs of the British Islands, 3D. 

>, tht \nMfe- 




Sict. II. Of the Foreign Trees and 

Shrubs introduced into the British 

Isles, 3t. 

SuBSBCT. 1. Ofthe Foreign Trees 

and Shrubs introduced into 

Britain by the Romans, end 

during the Middle Agea, till the 

end ofthe 15th Century, 32. 

Treei lAd Shnibi iDtroducDd br the Romani 

M, 1 br the OuuplBn of Uoauterjei md 

other nllgiaiu ifnuKi, ud br the Cru- 

•uden, n. iDlroducUoQ of the cultlnled 

Hon, U. York and LucutH Boie. M. 

yawttpi Treei ud Bhiubt of Scolluid 



SuBSECT. 8. Of the Foreign Trees 
and Shrubs introduced into 
Britain in the 10th Century, 35, 

Heorr VIII.. S». Fiabntiert. TuiiMr. 
Couige. L'OM. Grlndil, Kimpden. G*. 
nrd. Mc, S5. Tree* uhI Ghnibe In tbi 
KutI orEHVx'a Garden ml Bun Elnu, 16. 
CDtbett'i NucieiT W Twickenham. U. 
Rilelgh'i Puk In Donelihlre, H. Enume- 
rulDD or the Specin oC Treei ud Sbrabe 

Cenlurt. In Hugh Morgu, Gnr , I.'OI)el. 
GiiDdal, Ganrd, kc., S6. >S. 

SuBsECT. 3. Of the Fordgn Trees 
and Shrubs introduced into Bri- 
tain in the ITth Century, 40. 
TndeKWI'i Cuden u Lonbetli, Blehcs 
Compton't Garden mt FqlbHs. 4L Ran 
Hbtoria Flwtannn. 41. DrTHttdieirsic 



a. : Id Cm. lod inia in IS09. br Lnon, 
a.i In \a3i. *1. Buditer. Ei^rn.ller. 
iDuin, Glbion, Sir Stephen Tm. Umdaa 
uul Wliv. CmkB. Liikv, Lof^don ud 



SuBSECT. 4. Of the Pordgn Tree* 
and Shrubs introduced into 
Britain during the 18th Cen- 
tury, 54. 



■I HcndoD P1u». t 



Tnn nd Shnibi, with their Dlmeniloni, 
bond In tb* Caiea a HUl Hill (which 
lOniMrlT btUmaed to CoUluon J lo Jiduut. 
lOi, tt. PMRboTDUgh Uauie, Whlltoo, 
ST. Twicknhim BMuilc GirdeD. Thora- 
ilDn Hill. Euex.M. CMv llmue, CMhLo. 
batf. K. CiUlIopm of Trcn and SbruU 
pnrpogtted far Side Id the LoiidDii Nur- 

ind GirdBqori of IhU Time; Dr. Complon, 
S. RsTuwdion, Eu.. Dr. Uitdile, lluclieii 
ofBnurDn,EulinF«Db»ke.61. Duboli. 
n. LWofapedMin""" 




M^M. Blog^aiihlal Notlco of Jo 




ArblglJiiid. Ln— - ^ 

Hopetotm HoDK. CarmJchAeli Trnlna 
IM. SeDtHih Norwriei. I«. lodlge 
TiT«orinluid.ll». IrlihYnrlDi 
den AtfAjUad nev Antrim, 106. Ai 
Cwtl*. IIK. HltdwIKown. 107. M 
■od otbgr PUcn nlebntsd for Foj 






li Oriel I 



b|> Cu the giw 



- of Trm 

, loa Dl- 



Obl ClHll*, lOB. i at Tullymarn Puk, u 
t>U(idalk. IID.; ar CypFPU uropp.it Moira. 
and ai Cruimore. III. i At Cutlp Ward. 
lit. 1 U Howth CwUe. Chulcf lUe For«t. 
ind Sbellon Abbe>. 11^ : it Cutis Krtke. 
FlorfiDCfl Court. Klllrudert Hoiue, Uount 
Anillle HIU. Culletown, Ut. The Bneii 
Cidan In Irdud. 111. The Uneit Uak 
In Irdand, I Ilk Foreign Treen ind ShruU 
UHlllibaroiuih. 119. Inih NurKrlei, Ui. 
KI lk Bim r Nurwrr, ftc. IIG. Glunevlo 
■Dd TrlnltT CoUece Botulc Gudent, Ufi. 
III. 



SuBSBCT. 5. Of the Foreign Trees 
and Shrubs introduced into 
Britain during the 19th Cen- 
tury, 117. 
The Dumber of Tree< ind Shrubi introdticed 
to the three Brn DfttAa, 117. Blotrk- 
phical Notice ol John Fiuer. thg BoUnlal 
CollHtor, 1 19. ; of John LjiHi. 129, i sr 
DaTld Dou^^. 1^. Lilt of the Sptdta 
lod Varietin of Tmi and Nbrubilnlio- 
iluccd Into Europe by DouhIu, 1 26. KuBU 
Ix^rof GpedH DrForelgo TrcnuKl Sliraba 






le I9ih Ceotury. 



Chap. HI. 
Of the Hiatory and Geography of the 
Trees and Shrubs of the Continent 
of Europe, 132. 

Sect. I. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
France, 132. 



tween the Llnisoui Flan of Fnnce.ud Uiit 
of Britain, 134. CUuiacUlon of Iha iBdl- 
renoiu uid ForelDn Treej of Fnnce hr ^v- 
fnior TboulD. »9. CompulHa hjtmM 
the Number of Litneoiu PluU In (be Jar4to 
del PUntej U Plria, ud tbe London Hottl- 
culturilSocletr'iGudeB.hilUl.lsft. Robin, 



Sect. II. Of the indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of Hol- 
land and the Netherlands, 143. 

(.CouBlrrBeMa 
— den U llidcB. 

m nrtbe Eiotie Tiwh 



th DlraeDBlaDi of la 



N4. Gvden 



Sect. UL Of the Indigeooua and 
Foreign Trees and Sbniba of Qa' 
many, including Hungary, 145. 



to Gemuoy and HuDgary, 146. Hialorkal 
NoUeea ol the PiKei man olebtalsd Ihr 
Uieir CoUoeOon of Eionc Treet «Bi Bhrabt. 
147. Heldelberr, Baden, DurUcb. SchwW). 
ber. iUrbke, VftrUti. SehSnbnmn, 14S. 
Botanic Catden of the l/nl>«]|T nf Vienna. 
Kopeoiel, BrUck oo the I^nthaOladandarf, 

of Ererfreea Treea aud Bhnibt, forttes m^ 
iodlgenoui, which itand the Winter at Vtenna 



FonlgB Tnn and 



CONTENI'8. 



Skid» bi Binrb. Id SalOBT. In Huigicr, 
lai. : In WIRonbcrg. In Bidw, In ll«tii 
CuhI, In Nuuu, TMi In Hixkknbtirg, 
AnlHlt. PnnkRiTt. Ac., iSt. Principal Usi- 

■BHI NuiHtls, la. 

SscT. IV. or the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
Scmndinavia, including Denmark, 
Bolstein, Sweden, Lapland, Fin- 
land, Iceland, UreenlimJ, and the 
Faroe Islands, 153. 







Of th. 

Fordgn Trees and Shrubs of the 
Russitui Empire, 153. 

EonOnrXiin dF Ibr l.icnEDUi Hprdn lndi- 
RAau ta RuiiIa. liom PaIIu^i noTfl if DUj'fa, 
TU. Trrel >nd Shrubc roreljin ADd llkdl- 
■^mui. vblch tUnd Ibe Winter in thft Pfitvri- 

Winter Id 1l 

wbldi grow In Ihfl of 

ICT. VI. Of die IndigeoDUS 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
Switzerland, 161. 



CT. VII. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of Italy, 
Greece, Spain, Portugal, and the 
Mediterranean Islands, IM. 



SuMECT. 1. Ofthe Trees and Shrubs 
of Italy, 168. 
Pint Inlroductlan. 16S. ; into Lonbudr, 168- 
llcmnrkAbls Spcdmrnl In dtfl^mnl ItAlUn 



8UB9ECT.2. Of the Trees end Shrubs 
of Spain and Portugal, 170. 



8tiB3ECT.3. OrtheTreesand Shrubs 
of Turkey and Modem tireeee, 



Ch*p. IV. 
or the Trees and Shrubs of Asia, Afiica, 



Sbct. 1. Of the Trees and Shrubs 
suitable fur Temperate Climates, 
indigenous or introduced, in Asia, 

172. 
EnumerUlon of (h* Sp«lH InhaUdn* Rtjlan) 
Irmpente from their tleviUon. indfeblcb, 11 
la bellrrcd. would for thefrvMer part cndun 
Ibenpen ilr In the CILnuUDf LwKlon, from 

Enumfiuion of ibt Xprclei ccnnpoilnf tba 
Llgneoiii Klnn of Chin*, and wblch. lili bf. 
Ueiad. would for tbr gitatn part •odura Uw 

Sect. II. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 

Africa, 177. 
Sect. III. Of the Indigeoous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of Am^ 

SuusECT. 1. Of the Indigenous and 

Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 

North America, 178. 

EnumeiiUon or Ibc IndlfRimu Sixdei. tba 

mater part of which haic tmn alrtadjr 

introducad Into Britain, in, European 



ScBsBCT. 8. Of the Indigenous aod 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
South America, 185. 
Sbct, IV. Of the Indigenous and 
Foreign Trees and Shrubs of 
Australia and Polynesia. 



or the Literature of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Temperate CUmatea. 187. 




Chap. VL 
CoDcluMon, 190. 

Free and unlvervl Evdunpe ai 



XVI' 



CONTENTS, 



PART 11. 



OF THE SCIENCE OF THE STUDY OF TREES. 



Chap. I. 

Of the Study of Trees pictorially, or as 
component Parts of General Scenery, 
193. 

Sect. I. Of the Study of the Forms 
of Trees and Shrubs, 193. 

Heicht and Breadth, Form and Outline, 194. 
Light and Shade, Colours, Trunks of Trees, 
195. Branches, 196. Mode of Growth, Mode 
of Tufting, Leaves, Spray, Buds, 197. 

Sect. II. Of the Expression and 
Character of Trees and Shrubs 
considered pictorially, 198. 

Character, Regularitr, 196. STnunetry, Or- 
ganic Beauty. Moral and Historical Expres- 
sion, 199. Picturesque Beauty, Gardenesque 
Beauty, Architectiual and Sculpturesque 
Trees, Viewing Trees with Reference to 
their Beauty as Organic Forms, 200. Trees 
with Local Associations, SOI. 

Sect. III. Of the Mode of drawing 
Trees from Nature, in such a 
Manner as to ^ve the general 
Pictorial Expression of the Species 
of Tree delineated, 802. 

Choice of Specimens, i09. ; Details of the Pro- 
cess, 908. Drawing to a Scale, 304. Draw- 
ing the Leaves in order to exhibit the 
** Touch,*' 907. Botanical Specimens, 909. 



Chap. II. 

Trees and Shrubs considered botanically, 
211. 

Sect. T. Of the Classification of Trees 
and Shrubs, 211. 

Alphabetical Arrangement, 311. Linncan 
Arrangement: Jussieuean, or Natural, Ar- 
rangement, 213. 

Sect. II. Of the Distinction between 
Species and Varieties in Trees 
and Shrubs, 212. 

DofiniUon of a Species ; Cultivated Varieties, 
Accidental Varieties, 213. Botanical Species, 
214. Species accordina to De CandoUe, 215. ; 
Races according to the same Author, 215. 
Variedet, Variations, Mules and Hybrids, 
Botanical Species according to De CandoUe 

I 316. 



Sect. III. Of the Mode of describing 
Trees and Shrubs, 217. 

Unavoidable Evils of describing Plants flram 
dried Specimens, 218. 

Chap. III. 

Trees and Shrubs considered with Re- 
ference to their Uses in the Eco- 
nomy of Nature, and to Man, 219. 

Sect. L Trees and Shrubs considered 
with Reference to uncultivated 
Nature, 220. 

Influence of a Predominance of Forest ob the 
indigenous Animals; on the hcrtwoaooa 
PlanU ; on the Waters, Rivers, and Likfla ; tai 
increasing the Moisture of the AtmoivlMn; 
in moderating the Heat of Summer, and tfie 
Cold of Winter, 220. Forests of Britain, of 
France, of Germany, of Italy. 290. ^ of 
Holland, Belgium, Ac, 221. 

Sect. II. Trees and Shrubs con- 
sidered with Reference to Man, 
221. 

Uses of Timber in Arts and BfanuflictiirM, 
221. Of the Fruit. Flowers, and other Pio- 
ducts of IVees in Domestic Economy, 221. 

Chap. IV. 

Summary of Particulars to be taken 
into Consideration, in preparing the 
Description, and Natural and Econo- 
mical History, of Trees and Shrubs, 
222. 

Clauiflcation: Genera, Distinctive Character, 
Identifications, Synonymes, Derivations, tSt* 
Engravings: Engravings of Trees. Pl^orlal 
Sif^s, Descriptions, Descriptive Details, 291. 
G«)eral Descriptions, 224. Casualties : Insects 
and Vermin, Parasitical Plants, Diseases, Ac- 
cidenU, 225. Geographical Distribution, 296. 
History: Retrospective History, Proqiectlva 
History, 226. Use : Arts of Cons^uctloo, 236. ; 
Manufacture of Machinery, ftc, the Arts of Fa- 
brication, Chemical Arts, Arts of Domeatic 
Economy, the Arts of Rural Economy, Medi- 
cine, the Use of Trees by the Priests of par- 
ticular Religions ; Poetical, Mnhological, and 
Legendary Associations ; the Picturesque and 
DecorativeUses of Trees. 227. Propagatkm: Na- 
tural Propagation. Artificial Propagatton, 217. 
Cultiue: the Soil, Situation, and BxpMore, 
Culture in the Nursery, 228.; Choice of rUmta, 
and planting out ; Culture after final removal t 
Species adapted for Succession, 229. Statlrtka : 
Geographical 3tatiitics, 229. ; Commercial Sta- 
tistics, 280. 



CCXXVIl 



CONTENTS OF VOL. I. 



Tke Bonttn mnnendfl refer to the General Table of Cootents, p. xvii. to clili., where the tpedM and 
raricClea, with all their syDODymet. will be fiNmd syateiDatically arranged ; the first column of Arabic flfurea, 
to the PMM of the text in thi« volume ; and the second, to those of the supplementary matter cootaliied In 



▼ol. I 



of the half-hardy and soflhiticose orders and genera are in small type. 



RammculdceiB. 

CutMATl'DKiB. - 

Cttnuitii 



_ *i Bower. 
l V»iyfc r *f Jay. 

^nfns M OovKT. 



pMOmiA'CEA 



Xanthoifaha L, - 
TOkm Boot. 

IFtfilerkcese. 

Maffnolui 

i/mtrfllB Tree, 
Cmemmher Tree. 
tmUmm Pkgtu:. 

Liriod(hiidnm L, 



DillemiLcees, 



Anon^es. 

Athdna Adans. 
Cwtturdi Appie* 



I. 

• • 

ZYll 

xvii. 
xvii. 



X. 

SSI 

S32 
232 



IV. 

8534 

2534 
2534 



Matupermdce^e. 

Mcniip^nnam - 

C6«culiB 

Berbericese. 

BmfvtnM 

JBerberrw. 
MiMiiia Nutt. 

Jik JBerberrp. 



xviL 246 

xviii. 249 
xviiL 249 



xviiL 255 



xviii. 256 

xix. 259 
xix. 259 



2535 
2535 



2536 
2536 



xix. 284 2536 



sis. 
sis. 


t91 
S91 


xix. 


292 


sis. 


MS 



XX. 293 
XX. 292 



2536 
2536 



SekizandrdceiB. - xx. 295 



ss. <95 
XX. S9ft 



XX. 


295 




XX. 


296 




XX. 


297 




XX. 


298 


2536 


XX. 


298 


2536 



xxL 308 2537 



CruciacecB. 

F6Ua 

Creu-Rocket. 
Chtlriathiu 
VMlekrU 

iMns 

Lapfdhun 

Asynibctain 



Capparidace€B, - 

Cippuii 

^ftr Bmak. 

Cistdcea, 

Cistus L. ' 

Rock Rote. 
Heliimtheniuin Toum. 

8im Rose. 
Hudsonta 

VolyffoliJiceiB. - 
PUtaspordceo!, - 

BfUardMn Ran. 



AfwUB 
raXtodI 



StfUraXlDdl. 
Pttmporwn Bankt 
8€atiiSm Dmc. 
Unnktla Cmr. 
Chdnmh^ra Ua^. 



CaryophylldcecB, 



DUnthua 

TrwdoM P<iiilr. 
SU«M L. 
AmtetaiK. 
DtffUL, 



hindcea. 

Uanin L. 

Tm FUx. 

Malvdcea, 

LaWUera 

TreeMaUow. 

^biflcus 

AUksea Ftrutex, 
Ada 



Sierculidcea. 

Sterciklia 



I. 
xxL 

xxi. 



ISl. 

zsL 
ssi. 
sxl. 
ssJ. 
sxl. 



XXI. 
ssi. 



ssvi. 
sstI. 

SSTi. 

sxtI. 
SSTi. 



XXVl. 

SSTi. 

ssvi. 
sxtL 

SSTi. 

xxvi. 

SSTi. 



I. 
312 

312 



31S 
SIS 
313 
313 
813 
31S 



313 
SIS 



IV. 



xxi. 316 2538 

xxi. 317 2538 

xxiL 317 2538 

XXV. 354 



XXV. 354 
SSTi. sue 



xxvi. 356 



SM 



837 

ssa 

8S9 
859 
8»9 



359 

859 

859 

359 

359 

360 

360 



xxvL 360 

xxvi. 360 

xxvL 361 

sstI. 86S 

xxT. 363 

XXT. 363 



contbntb of ¥0L. I. 



Ternttromi&ceee. 

]ifaUc(iod.!ndron Ca 
iStuarti'a Cn' - 
Gordonin F.llia - 



Auranti^cea. 

Uj/perieScete. 

JTTpfricum L, - 
SI. Mm'i Wart. 
^odnxe'inuin dtmi. 

Aeeracea. 

2Etcuiicea. 



KolicutMs I«ID. 



iITii. 3?« 3540 



;li. 395 aS40 



XBJ. 397 8541 
nil. 39T 3541 



iiiU. 46S 9549 
ixxii. 463 £543 
xiiil 469 8549 



rltis - 

Aiiipe1£pu9 - 
Fin-ltaunt Ivy. 
riFrfMn Crerprr. 

Geremiaeat. 



z„^^ 



Aflta - ■ I 

Aplophyllum Aadr. Jun. i 
Xaathoxiflacea, - i 



Conooei?. 

CorUria fiin. - 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO VOL. I. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO VOL. I. 







I. 


I. 


IV. 


^^cer 


- 


XXX. 


405 


2541 


AttTuCC^ - 


- 


XXX. 


404 


2541 


JEscvl^cttB 


. 


xxxii. 


462 


2543 


jCaeulus L, - 


- 


xxxiL 


462 


2543 


Aflmnto 


• 


xxxiv. 


490 




Aaamius 


- 


xxxiv. 


490 




Altlun Fnitex - 


. 


xxvL 


S61 




Jt$aman 


• 


ni. 


313 




Allipel6ptifl - 


- 


xxxiiL 


481 


2544 


Aooo^ceoe 


- 


XX. 


292 


2536 


AadtoamiDum. CkotM, 


XXX. 


397 




AAwdl^va 


. 


STlU. 


ix 




Aploph^llum And, Juss, 


xxxiv. 


487 




Apple Berry - 


- 


xxvi. 


356 




AiaalBiB IV* 


• 


nvl. 


359 




Ath-barbery 


- 


xxi. 


.S08 


2537 


Admina Adans. 




XX. 


292 


2536 


AtrigeDf^L. - 




• • • 

XTUl 


246 


2540 






uis. 


895 


M40 


Barberry 




XV. 


298 


2536 


BaidTni* 




zniil. 


476 




IBbsb Cflpflv 




zzzlv. 


486 




BcrbemceflB 




XX. 


298 


2536 


jfrtemli. - 




XX. 


298 


2536 


JHtaVfllflBMi fSflft* 




sstL 


356 




Bladder-Dut Tree 




xxxiv. 


493 




Box Elder - 




xxxL 


460 


2543 


BHahitaC^v* 




sxtL 


359 




CmmtOim L> 




uvlll. 


Wl 


8540 






sxi. 
n1 


313 
BIS 




OipVtftai. 




xxl. 


313 




rtjfa ■■ftii a liwA 




sztI. 
sztL 


359 
359 




CflHVSB^DBB 




zzi. 


3U 


8538 


timmL. 




szsiii. 


MS 








xxL 


316 


2538 


CbtiuX. 




xxi. 


317 


2538 


etnmL, 




Izxls. 


895 




CkmoHdMh. 




xviL 


232 


2534 


Clematis 




xviL 


232 


2534 


ClM»FbikTi«a 




nvi. 


359 




CvCCSfltt aMIHv« 




zx. 


«97 




Cort^cetf 




xxxiv. 


492 


2545 


Cbriaria Mm. - 




xxxiv. 


492 


2545 


CmeidcuB 




xxi. 


312 


2538 


Cucumber Tree 




xix. 


273 


2536 


CusUrd Apple 




XX. 


292 


2536 


HhMbvb 




zstI. 


859 




Mn^flttCMi 




sli. 


S9« 




Da4sm^« L> 




znUI. 


476 




OrtpHL, 




sztI. 


3.M) 




»to7«a#^ 




xzis. 


395 




V^V^0Hl0Mi9 




zzxIt. 


4S3 




Gordoma Ellis 


. 


xxviiL 


378 


2540 


Grape Vine • 


. 


xxxiii. 


477 




OrtvfaL. 


• 


srrlL 


876 


3540 


.fieliinthemum Town, 


xxii. 


328 


2538 


BuBO^rtHB 


• 


six. 


99% 




Ifibiscns X. - 


. 


xxvi. 


361 




HorsecbestDut 


m 


xxxii. 


462 


2543 


Hodadnta 


. 


XXV. 


354 





liyperic^cea - 
//yp^ricum L. - 

rhir\» L. 
Indian LiUc 

Indian Physic - 

lUlriuni L. 
Kadsitra 

Kolrcuteria Laxm. - 
Ladies* Bower - 

I«Iifdiiun 

Lime Tree - 

LimindalHc. 

Linkctm 

Llnum L. • 

Liriod^ndron L, 
Loblolly Bay 
Magnolia 

MagnoTikcees - 
Mah^nta Nutt 
Malachod^ndron Cav. 
Malvdcea 

MamglUHa 

Maple 

MetitUm 
MdUnthiu £. • 

Menispermdce€B 
Menisp^rmum L* 

MlcMlJa 
Milkwort 

Moonsced 

Negundo 
OrannTrM 

PEeonuz L. - 
P<eoniices 

Pvany 

PAvia 

PelargbnlDm 
PUtotporAetm 
Pltttftponini Bam/a 
J^olfgala L. 
Poll 



iea 

JtanunetddcetB - 
Rock Rose - 
Rue 
i2uta L, 
R«/()c«<e 
Sapinddceoi 

Scbiiindn JCr. 

ScUatmdrteim 

HeniurfaDcc. 

Shrubby Trefoil 

Ada Bona. 

Stoymbrtam 
MUjra Lindl. 
SptuBimttaaa 

Staphyl^ 

BtcrcUla 



I. 

xxix. 
xxix. 

xxi. 
xxxiU. 

xix. 

xtUL 

XX. 

xxxiii. 
xviL 

xxtI. 

XXI. 

xxvii. 

xxix. 

xxrl. 
xxvi. 

xix. 

X. 

xix. 

xix. 

xxi. 

xxvii. 

xxvL 

xix. 
XXX. 

xxxiU. 
xxxUi. 

SZXlT. 

XX. 

XX. 

xix. 
xxyL 

XX. 

XXX. 

xxix. 

• • • 

XVUl. 

• • • 

XVlll. 
XvUl. 

xxxii. 

xxxIt. 
xxtL 

XXTi. 

xxvi. 
xxvi. 

xxxiv. 

xviL 

xxi. 

xxxix. 

xxxiv. 

xxxiv. 

xxxiiL 



xxvi. 

xxxiv. 

XXTi. 

xxvi. 

xxi. 

xxvi. 

XX. 

xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 

xzvt. 



I. 
397 
397 

313 
476 

276 
856 

895 

475 

232 

860 
315 

364 
395 
360 
360 

284 

387 
260 

259 
308 
377 
360 

891 

405 

476 
476 
484 

296 
296 

891 
356 

296 
460 

895 

249 
249 

849 

469 

483 
356 

358 
356 
355 

489 

231 
317 
484 
484 
484 
474 

895 
895 
359 

489 
363 

359 
313 
357 
895 

493 

493 

ass 



IV. 

2541 
2541 

8538 

2536 



2534 
2538 

2536 

2536 
2536 
2537 

2541 



8598 

2543 

2535 
2335 

8535 

2543 



8558 

2544 
2534 
2538 
2544 
2544 
2544 



B 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX TO VOL. I. 





I. 


I. 


IV. 




I. 


I. 


IV. 


St John's Wort 


xxiv. 


397 


2541 


Tutsan 


XXX. 


397 




Stu&rtia Cav. 


- xxviii. 


378 




Umbrella Tree 


xix. 


269 


2536 


Sun Rose 


xxii. 


328 


2538 


Fe'lla L. 


xxi. 


312 




Sycamore - 

TnTVM 


XXX. 


414 


2542 


KcalckrU 


zzL 


313 




xxis. 


392 




Virginian Creeper 


- xxxiii. 


481 


2544 


TmMtmmUeM 
TliaL. 

TilUiL. 


SXTii. 

salx. 

xxvii. 


37« 
39S 

364 


tSiO 

2538 


Virgin's Bower 
FitScejR 


xvii. 

- XXXlll. 


285 

477 


2534 
2544 


rmcem 


xxvii. 


364 


2538 


ritis 


- xxxiii. 


477 




Toothache Tree 


xxxiv. 


488 




WintaKictm 

Xanthorhiza L, 


- , XYlU. 

• • • 

XVUl, 


«A6 

255 




Traveller's Joy 


xvii. 


235 


2534 


Xanthoxylaccn; 


xxxiv. 


488 


2544 


Tree Flax - 


xxvi. 


360 




Xanth6xylum L. 


xxxiv. 


488 




Ttm Halloir 


zxvi. 
ztUI. 


5m 

M9 




Yellow Root - 


• • • 

XVIU. 


255 




Tulip Tree - 


xix. 


284 




ZvfpofphylUcce 
ZygDfihjriittni L. 


xxxiv. 
xxxiv. 


4A4 
4M 





ARBORETUM ET FRUTICETUM 

BRITANNICUM. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Though, from our title, the Arboretum et Frtdicetum Briton' 
nicum^ the reader may expect to find chiefly a history and de- 
scription of the trees and shrubs which endure the open air in 
Britain, yet we mean to connect this history with that of the 
trees and shrubs of all similar climates throughout the world, in 
such a manner as to show what has been done in the way of 
introducing them, and what may be anticipated from future 
exertions. The Arboretum et Pruticetum Britannicum may, there- 
fore, be considered as a General History of the Trees and Shrubs 
of Temperate Climates, but more especially of those of Britain. 

Trees are not only, in appearance, the most striking and grand 
objects of the vegetable creation ; but, in reality, they are those 
which contribute the most to human comfort and improvement. 
If cereal grasses and edible roots are essential for supplying food 
to sustain human existence, trees are not less so for supplying 
timber, without which, there could neither be the houses and 
fomiture of civilised life, nor the machines of commerce and 
refinement. Man may live and be clothed in a savage, and even 
in a pastoral, state by herbaceous productions alone ; but he can- 
not advance farther: he cannot till the ground, or build houses 
xvt ships, he cannot become an agriculturist or a merchant, 
jritfaout the use of trees. 

Trees and shrubs also supply an important part of the food 
of mankind in many countries ; besides all the more delicate 
luxuries of the table, and the noblest of human drinks in every 
part of the globe. The fruit of the palms, and of other trees of 
tropical climates, are as essential to the natives of those coun- 
tries, as the com and the edible roots of the herbaceous plants 
<rf* temperate climates are to us. Wine, cider, arrack, and other 
liquors, are the products of trees and shrubs ; as are also our more 
useful and exquisite fruits, the apple, pear, plum, peach, orange, 
mango, and many others. Not to insist in detail on the various 

♦b 2 



2 INTRODUCTION. 

uses of trees and shrubs, it may be sufficient to observe, that 
there is hardly an art or a manufacture, in which timber, or 
some other ligneous product, is not, in one way or other, em- 
ployed to produce it. 

The use of trees in artificial plantations, in giving shelter or 
shade to lands exposed to high winds or to a burning sun, and 
in improving the climate and general appearance of whole tracts 
of country ; in forming avenues to public or private roads, and 
in ornamenting our parks and pleasure-grounds, is too well 
known to require to be enlarged on here. 

Every one feels that trees are among the grandest and most 
ornamental objects of natural scenery : what would landscapes 
be without them ? Where would be the charm of hills, plains, 
valleys, rocks, rivers, cascades, lakes, or islands, without the 
hanging wood, the widely extended forest, the open grove, the 
scattered groups, the varied clothing, the shade and intricacy, 
the contrast, and the variety of form and colour, conferred by 
trees and shrubs? A tree is a grand object in itself; its bold 
perpendicular elevation, and its commanding attitude, render it 
sublime ; and this expression is greatly heightened by our know- 
ledge of its age, stability, and duration. The characteristic 
beauties of the general forms of trees are as various as their 
species ; and equally so are the beauty and variety of the rami- 
fications of their branches, spray, buds, leaves, flowers, and 
fruit. The changes in the colour of the foliage of trees, at 
different seasons of the year, alone form a source of ever- varying 
beauty, and of perpetual enjoyment to the lovers of nature. 
What can be more interesting than to watch the developement 
of the buds of trees in spring, or the daily changes which take 
place in the colour of their foliage in autumn? — But to point 
out here all the various and characteristic beauties of trees, would 
be to anticipate what we shall have to say hereafter of the 
different species and varieties enumerated in our Work. 

Shrubs, to many of the beauties of trees, frequently add those 
of herbaceous plants ; and produce flowers, unequalled both for 
beauty and fragrance. What flower, for example, is compa- 
rable in beauty of form and colour, in fragrance, and in inte- 
resting associations, with the rose ? The flower of the honey- 
suckle has been admired from the most remote antiquity, and 
forms as frequent an ornament of classic, as the rose does of 
Gothic, architecture. In British gardens, what could compensate 
us, in winter, for the arbutus and the laurustinus, or even the 
common laurel and the common ivy, as ornamental evergreens ; 
for the flowers of the rhododendron, azalea, kalmia, and 
mezereon, in spring ; or for the fruit of the gooseberry, currant, 
and raspberry, in summer? And what hedge plant, either in 
Europe or America, equals the common hawthorn ? In short, 



INTRODUCTION. 3 

if trees may be compared to the columns which support the 
portico of a temple, shrubs may be considered as the statues 
which surmount its pediment, and as the sculptures which orna- 
ment its frieze. 

It is not to be wondered at, that trees and shrubs should have 
excited the attention of mankind in all civilised countries, and 
that our accumulated experience respecting them should be con- 
siderable. The first characteristic instinct of civilised society is, 
to improve the natural productions by which we are surrounded ; 
and the next is, by commerce to appropriate and establish in our 
own country the productions of others, while we give our own 
productions in exchange ; and, thus, the tendency of all improve- 
ment seems to be to the equalisation of enjoyment, as well as to 
its increase. 

Notwithstanding the use, the grandeur, and the beauty of 
timber trees, it is a fact, that, compared with herbaceous vege- 
tables, the number of species distributed over the globe is com- 
paratively small. The palms, the banana, the pine-apple, and 
other plants, popularly or botanically considered as trees or 
shrubs, though some of them attain a great height and thickness, 
are, with very few exceptions, of no use as timber. Almost all 
the timber trees of the world, with the exception of the bamboo, 
belong to what botanists denominate the dicotyledonous division 
of vegetables ; and, perhaps, there are not a thousand genera of 
this division on the face of the earth which aflTord timber trees 
exceeding 30 ft. in height The greater part of these genera, 
supposing such a number to exist, must belong to warm climates ; 
for in the temperate zones, and in the regions of warm countries 
rendered temperate by their elevation, the number of genera 
containing timber trees 30 ft. in height, as far as hitherto dis- 
covered, does not amount to a hundred. The truth is, that 
between the tropics the greater number of species are ligneous, 
while in the temperate regions there are comparatively few, and 
in the frozen zone scarcely any. It may naturally be expected, 
therefore, that, in the temperate regions, there should only be a 
few timber trees which are indigenous to each particular country. 
In Britain, for example, there are not above a dozen genera of 
trees, furnishing in all about thirty species, which attain a height 
exceeding 30 fl. ; but there are other countries of similar climates, 
all over the world, which furnish other genera and species, to 
what is, at present, an unknown extent; audit is the beautiful 
work of civilisation, of patriotism, and of adventure, first, to col- 
lect these all into our own country, and next, to distribute them 
into others. While Britain, therefore, not only enjoys the trees 
of the rest of Europe, of North America, of the mountains of 
South America, of India, and of China, she distributes her own 
trees, and those which she has appropriated, to each of these 

*B 3 



4 INTRODUCTION. 

countries respectively, and, in short, to all parts of the world; 
thus contributing almost imperceptibly, but yet most powerfully, 
to the prepress and equalisation of civilisation and of happiness. 

It must be interesting to the philosopher and the philanthro- 
pist, to know the precise position in which we stand relatively 
to this kind of interchange of natural productions. Much as has 
been done within the last century, there is reason to believe, 
from the number of countries unexplored, that this department 
of the civilisation of the great human family is yet in its infancy. 
Hence, in a work like the present, which professes to be a 
general history of the trees already in, or suitable for being in- 
troduced into. Great Britain, it seems desirable to commence with 
a general view of all other countries with reference to those trees 
which they contain which have been already introduced, or 
which, though we do not yet possess, we may expect to obtain 
and establish. This, therefore, will form Part I. of our Work ; 
and we trust it will be found of considerable interest, by direct- 
ing the attention of botanical collectors, travellers, and persons 
resident abroad, to specific objects of research. 

In carrying tliis intention into effect, we shall commence by 
taking a general view of the trees and shrubs which were known 
to the ancients ; we shall next give an enumeration of those 
which are indigenous to the British Islands ; after which we shall 
treat of the introduction of foreign trees and shrubs into Britain, 
from the earliest records up to the end of the year 1834, the 
period at which this Work was commenced. 

Having thus discussed the history of the trees and shrubs^ 
native and foreign, of the British Islands, we shall next give a 
similar view of the indigenous and introduced trees and shrnbs 
of all those other countries which possess, either by geography 
or altitude, climates in any degree analogous to that of Britain. 
This part of the Work will be concluded by a chapter on the 
literature of the trees and shrubs of temperate climates ; in 
which the principal works which have appeared on the subject, 
both in Europe and America, will be enumerated. 

The next division of our Work, Part IL, will be devoted to 
the science of the study of trees. In this part, trees will be 
oonsidered in all their various relations to nature and art They 
will be considered as component parts of the general scenery of 
a country ; in regard to the expression and character of parti- 
cular kinds; in regard to the mode of delineating them pictorially, 
and of describing them popularly and botanically. They will 
also be considered with reference to uncultivated nature, to cul- 
tivated nature, and to man. This part will conclude with a sum- 
mary of particulars to be taken into consideration, in preparing the 
description and natural and economical history of trees and 
shrubs, which are to follow as the third part of this Work. 



INTRODUCTION. 5 

Part IIL5 which will form our next division, and that, indeed, 
which will comprise by far the greater part of the Work, will be 
the historj and description of the different species and vari- 
eties of trees and shrubs, whether native or indigenous, useful 
or ornamental, at present cultivated in Britain. 

We shall add to the perfectly hardy species the names, and 
short descriptive paragraphs, of some ligneous plants, which have 
been found by cultivators to be half-hardy in the climate of Lon- 
don ; and of others, which, from their native countries and habits, 
we think not unlikely to prove so. We make this addition to 
the Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum for two purposes: 
in the first place, because, by trying species from all countries in 
the open air, some hitherto kept in hot-houses or green-houses 
may be found quite hardy ; such having been the case with 
K^rria japonica, Cyd5nia japonica. Hydrangea Hortensio, 
Aitcuba japonicaj and a number of others. We may add, also, 
that, though the nature of a species cannot be so far altered as 
to fit an inhabitant of a very hot climate for a cold one, yet that 
the habits of individuals admit of considerable variation, and 
that some plants of warm climates are found to adapt them- 
selves much more readily to cold climates than others. Thus, 
the common passion flower, according to Dr. Walker, when 
first introduced into the Edinburgh Botanic Garden, lost its 
leaves during winter ; but, in the course of a few years, the same 
plant retained the greater part of them at that season. The 
same author relates that plants of the common yew, sent from 
Paris to Stockholm to plant certain designs by Le Notre, laid 
out there for the king of Sweden, all died, though the yew is 
a native of the latter country, as well as of France. 

Every gardener must have observed that the common weeds 
which have sprung up in pots, in hot-beds or in hot-houses, when 
these pots happen to be set out in the open air during winter or 
spring are killed, or have their leaves injured; whilst the same 
species, which have sprung up in the open ground, are growing 
around them in a flourishing condition. 

The obvious conclusions from these facts are, that the habits 
of plants admit of a certain degree of change with regard to the 
climate which they will bear ; that the degree in which this power 
exists in any plant is only to be ascertained by experiment ; 
and that the only mode of making these experiments is, by trying 
in the open air plants usually kept under glass. There is reason 
to believe, from trials already made, that many of the trees and 
shrubs of Australia, and particularly those of New Zealand and 
Van Diemen's Land, will ultimately become so habituated to the 
climate of London, as to live through the winter against a wall, 
with scarcely any protection. 

•b 4 



6 INTRODUCTION. 

The second reason why we have included a number of half- 
hardy, or supposed half-hardy, trees and shrubs in this Work is, 
that we think there are few scenes in an ornamental garden 
or pleasure-ground of greater interest to a person having any 
knowledge of botany, however slight, than a conservative wall ; 
that is, a wall covered with trees and shrubs, natives of foreign 
climates, which, though they may be killed to the ground during 
winter, yet exhibit a degree of luxuriance during the summer 
season, which they never can display in our green-houses or 
conservatories. Even were all such plants to be killed by frost 
every winter, and a reserve obliged to be kept in green-houses 
or pits to supply their place every spring, still, the splendour of 
their appearance during the summer months, and the novelty of 
their forms when compared with those of the spring, usually 
grown in the open air in Britain, would far more than compen- 
sate for the trouble incurred. When we take into consideration 
how easy it is to have such walls ilued, and to heat the borders 
in front of them by small pipes of hot water, the capacities of a 
conservative wall and border appear great beyond anything we 
can at present calculate on ; and we are persuaded that, were the 
subject of conservative walls warmly taken up by a spirited and 
wealthy individual, something would be produced in this way, 
as superior to our present green-houses and conservatories, as 
these are to the orangeries and green -houses of the time of 
Evelyn, or even of Miller. Having thus given our reasons for 
the introduction of half-hardy species of trees and shrubs into 
this Work, we shall next submit a few words with respect to our 
arrangement and treatment of the hardy species. 

The general arrangement of the Arboretum et Fmticetum 
Britanntcum will be that of the natural system ; by which, 
whether in botany, zoology, or mineralogy, those objects are 
brought together which resemble one another in the greatest 
number of particulars. In describing each species, we shall fol- 
low the summary of particulars laid down in the lost chapter of 
Part II. ; giving in succession the identification of the name by 
botanbts ; the synonymes, botanical and vernacular ; references 
to published engravings; the specific character; the popular 
description; the geography; the history; the poetical and le- 
gendary allusions ; the properties and uses ; the soil and situ- 
ation ; the propagation and culture ; the accidents and diseases 
which the plant is liable to ; the insects and parasitic plants which 
inhabit it ; examples of its growth in the British Islands and 
on the Continent ; and, lastly, its price in some of the principal 
British, Continental, and American nurseries. 

In identifying the name of every species, or variety, with that 
given to it by botanical writers, we have been guided principally 
by our own examination of the living plant, and comparing it 



INTRODUCTION. 7 

with existing engravings and descriptions ; but we have also in 
part relied on the identifications of other botanists.*^ 

In giving the synonymes, we have adopted the same rule as in 
giving the identifications. 

Though we have used every exertion in our power to render 
this Work as correct, in a botanical and technical point of view, 
as possible, yet what we consider to be its great practical value 
(and that which will contribute more than any other cause to the 
main end which we have in view, viz. that of diffusing a taste 
for planting collections of trees and shrubs,) is, that we have 
described scarcely any tree or shrub which we have not seen 
ourselves, in a living state, within ten miles of London. Some 
exceptions are necessarily introduced ; but, whenever this is done, 
it is either indicated by the paragraph relating to that tree or 
shrub being in very small type ; or, by our indicating in words, 
or by some other means, that we have not seen the plant 

The shrubs, as far as practicable, we shall illustrate by en- 
gravings of botanical specimens, to be given along with the text ; 
and all these will be to one and the same scale, of 2 in. to 1 ft. 
Engravings of the trees will be chiefly given in 8vo or 4to 
plates, apart from the text ; and each of these plates will con- 
tain a pictorial portrait of the tree, and a botanical specimen. 
The pictorial portraits will be of two kinds : first, portraits of 
trees which have been planted ten or twelve years within ten 
miles of London, all to the same scale ; and, secondly, portraits 
of full-grown trees, chiefly within the same limits, all to another 
6cale.f The use of the first class of portraits is, to show, at a 
single glance, the comparative bulk which difierent trees attain 
in a given climate in a given period ; as well as to indicate how 
far difierent kinds of trees, at this early age, show anything 
characteristic in their shape. The portraits of the full-grown 
trees, it is almost unnecessary to observe, are given in order to 
exhibit their ultimate magnitude and character. By merely- 
glancing over these portraits, a planter will see at once, first, the 
effect which any given tree, purchasable in British nurseries, 
will produce at ten years' growth ; and, secondly, what its ap- 
pearance will be when it has arrived at its average size. 

It will be found that in this Work we have, in various instances, 
reduced the number of species, and even, in some cases, of va- 

* For example, in the case of the very first species described, Clematis 
FUimmula, having convinced ourselves that our plant was that described by 
De Candolle (^Prod,, vol. i. p. 2.)» we have not hesitated to give the identifi- 
cations and synonym es quoted by that eminent author; adding, however, the 
identifications and synonymes of subseauent authors from our own exami- 
nadon of their works. In the plant referred to we have added to the iden- 
tifications of De Candolle, Hayne's Dendrologia and Don's Miller, 

f See the Explanatory Reterences, which precede the Table of Contents. 



8 INTRODUCTION. 

riedes ; and this, had we been inclined to trust entirely to our 
own opinion, we might have carried to a much greater extent. 

It is well known to the cultivators of trees and shrubs, that 
there are a great many names of species enumerated in botanical 
works, our own Hortus Britannicus not excepted, as having been 
introduced into this country, which are not to be found in any 
nursery, or even botanic garden. These plants may have been 
introduced and lost ; or the names may have been those of plants 
already in the country, reintroduced under new names. In 
either case, according to the present mode of compiling botanical 
catalogues, the introduction of these names in such catalogues 
(provided the authorities are given with them) is unavoidable, 
whether the things to which they apply are in existence or noL 
It is easy to conceive some of the evils which, in a practical point 
of view, result from this mode of making catalogues ; but it is 
necessary to be at once a practical botanist and a practical 
gardener, to comprehend the whole of them. One evil is, that, 
when collectors CMf trees, for example, order the plants bearing 
these names from the nurserymen, they either do not receive 
any plants at all, or they receive something which they do not 
want, and, probably, something which they already have. 
Another evil is, that nurserymen, in order to supply the demand 
for novelties, or to establish or keep up the appearance of 
having an extensive collection, too frequently introduce names 
into their catalogues for which they cannot supply plants ; or 
they introduce synonymes without indicating that they are such. 
The effect of this is, that gentlemen intending to form collec- 
tions, finding their intentions frustrated, firequendy give up the 
pursuit in disgust. 

Imperfect as are the collections, and erroneous as is the no- 
menclature in public nurseries, it will readily be conceived how 
difficult it is for a practical gardener to acquire a tolerable know- 
ledge of the trees and shrubs actually in the country; and it is 
eviaent that, without this knowledge on his part, it is not to be 
expected that any but the most common trees and shrubs can be 
recommended by him to his employers : indeed, no British 
gardener, who has not passed some time in acquiring a know- 
ledge of his profession in some of our principal botanic gardens, 
in the Kew Garden, in the garden of the Horticultural Society, 
in that of Messrs. Loddiges, in the Botanic Garden at Edinburgh, 
or in some other garden which contains an arboretum, can be 
said to know the names of one fourth of the trees and shrubs 
already in the country. The Arboretum, et Fruticetum Britanr- 
nicunij we think, will go far to remedy this evil, by enabling both 
gardeners and their employers to ascertain, not only what trees 
are in the country, but where they may see them growiiu^. 
Nurserymen, by referring to these living trees, will not onfy 



INTBODUCnON. 9 

have an opportunity of correctly ascertaining the names of such 
as they already possess, but of supplying themselves with cuttings 
or plants of such sorts as they may not have in cultivation. The 
purchasers of trees, by always using the nomenclature of the 
Arboretum Britannicumy and being able to refer from it to the 
living specimens from which our engravings were taken, will at 
once insure certainty as to the kinds they obtain ; and stimulate 
the nurserymen to accuracy, in regard to the names of those 
plants which they possess and propagate, and to the cultivation 
of a greater number of species and varieties. After the pub- 
lication of our Work, it will be the fault of the nurseryman 
alone, if his nursery do not contain plants of all the species and 
varieties which we have figured and described. 

Many persons, when recommended to plant, reply: ^^ Of what 
use is it to plant at my age ? I can never hope to live to see 
my plants become trees." This sort of answer does not, at first 
siffht, appear surprising, if we suppose it to come from a person 
Of sixty or seventy years of age ; but we often hear it even from 
men of thirty or forty. In either case, such an answer is the 
result of a vulgar error, founded on mistaken and prejudiced 
notions. We shall prove its incorrectness by matters of fact. 
In the year 1830, there were many sorts of trees in the arbo- 
retum of Messrs. Loddiges which had been planted exactly ten 
years, and each of which exceeded SO ft. in height. Most of 
these trees have since been cut down for want of room ; but we 
have the names and the measurement of the whole of them. 
There are, also, at the present time (December, 1834), many 
trees in the arboretum of the London Horticultural Society's 
Chirden at Chiswick, which have been only ten years planted, 
and which are between 30 ft. and 40 ft. in height. Why, then, 
should any one, even of seventy years of age, assign as a reason 
for declining planting, that he cannot hope to live to see his 
plants become trees ? A tree 30 ft. high, practically speaking, 
will efiect all the general purposes for which trees are planted; 
it will a£Pord shelter and shade; display individual beauty and 
character ; and confer expression on landscape scenery. 

There is one subject which we shall occasionally touch on, in 
the history of particular species, and also in taking a general 
view of the trees of each genus, or of each natural order; and 
that is, the improvement which many species are probably sus- 
ceptible of by cross-fecundation with other species nearly allied to 
them, or by procuring new varieties through the selection of re- 
markable individuals from seedlings raised in the common way. 
We shall also bear in mind the manner in which curious varieties 
are procured by the selection of shoots which present those 
anomalous appearances which gardeners call sports, and which^ 
when propagated by grafting, continue to preserve their pecu- 
liarities. It should never be forgotten by cuXdNaXoc^^ ^iooX ib&. 



10 INTRODUCTION. 

our most valuable plants, whether in agriculture, horticulture, 
or floriculture, are more or less indebted for their excellence 
to art. Our cultivated fruit trees are very different from the 
same trees in a wild state ; and our garden and field herbaceous 
vegetables so much so, that, in many instances, not even a 
botanist could recognise the wild and the cultivated plant to be 
the same species. There is reason to believe that the same 
means by which we have procured our improved varieties of 
fruit trees will be equally effective in producing improved varie- 
ties of timber trees. A few species, such as the oak, the elm^ 
the magnolia, &c., have had improved varieties raised from seed 
by accidental crossing, or by the selection of individuals from 
multitudes of seedlings ; and variegated varieties, and varieties 
with anomalously formed leaves, or with drooping or erect shoots, 
have been procured from the sports of parts of different plants. 
But the mode of improvement by cross-fecundation is yet quite 
in its infancy with respect to timber trees ; and to set limits to 
the extent and beauty of the new varieties which may be pro- 
duced by it is impossible. There is no reason why we may not 
have a purple-leaved oak, or elm, or ash, as well as a purple- 
leaved beech ; or a drooping sweet chestnut as well as a drooping 
ash. The oak is a tree that varies astonishingly by culture; 
and, when the numerous American varieties that have been 
introduced into this country shall have once begun to bear seed, 
there is no end to the fine hybrids that may be originated be- 
tween thenl and the European species. In short, we see no 
difficulty in improving our ornamental trees and shrubs to as 
great an extent as we have done our fruit trees and shrubs; 
though we are as yet only procuring new species from foreign 
countries, which may be considered as the raw material with 
which we are to operate. 

Part IV., which will form the last division of the Arboretum 
et Fruticettm Britannicumj will be devoted to selected lists of the 
trees and shrubs described, classified according to their different 
capacities for fulfilling the various purposes for which trees and 
shrubs are required by the planter and by the landscape-gar- 
dener. For the rest we refer to the Table of Contents. 

The utility of such a Work as the Arboretum et Fruticetum 
Britannicum to the gardening world, and to the landed pro- 
prietor, will not, we think, be questioned. We shall say nothing, 
therefore, of the influence which it cannot fail to have in pro- 
moting a taste for the culture and spread of such foreign trees 
as we have already in the country ; and in exciting a desire for 
introducing others from different parts of the world, and for 
originating new varieties by the different means employed by 
art for that purpose. One remark, however, we may be per- 
mitted to make on the use of such a Work as the ArborettM ei 
I^i^iceium Britafmimm to gentlemen of landed property. Every 



INTRODUCTION. 1 1 

proprietor of a landed estate is either a planter, or possesses 
trees already planted. If he is in the former case, he will learn 
from this Work to combine beauty with utility, by planting, in 
the outer margins of his natural woods or artificial plantations, 
and along the open rides in them, and in the hedgerows of his 
lanes and public roads, trees which are at once highly ornamental 
and more or less useful — in some cases, perhaps, even more 
useful — than the common indigenous trees for which they are 
substituted. If, on the other hand, his estate is already fully 
planted, he will learn from this Work how he may beautify his 
plantations by a mode which never yet has been applied in a 
general way to forest trees ; viz., by heading down large trees 
of the common species, and grafting on them foreign species of 
the same genus. This is a common practice in orchards of fruit 
trees ; and why it should not be so in parks and pleasure-grounds, 
along the margins of woods, and in the trees of hedgerows, no 
other reason can be assifi^ned than that it has not hitherto been 
generally thought of. Hawthorn hedges are common every- 
where ; and there are between twenty and thirty beautiful species 
and varieties of thorn in our nurseries, which might be grafted 
cm them. Why should not proprietors of wealth and taste desire 
their gardeners to graft some of the rare and beautiful sorts of 
tree thorns on the common hawthorn bushes, at intervals, so as 
to form standard trees, in such of their hedges as border public 
roads? And why should not the scarlet oak and the scarlet 
acer be grafted on the common species of these genera, along 
the margins of woods and plantations ? Such improvements the 
more strongly recommend themselves, because, to many, they 
would involve no extra expense ; and, in every case, the effect 
would be almost immediate. Every gardener can graft and bud; 
and every landed proprietor can procure stock plants from nur- 
series, from which he can take the grafls ; or he may get scions 
from botanic gardens, the garden of the London Horticultural 
Society, that of the Caledonian Horticultural Society, or the 
Dublin Garden at Glasnevin. 

Amateur landscape-gardeners, and architects who lay out the 
grounds of the houses they have designed, will be enabled, by 
this Work, to choose the kinds of trees which they think will 
produce the best effect in their plantations ; and, what is of much 
more consequence, which will produce a certain effect within a 
given number of years. Indeed, the want of such a Work as the 
Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum to professional landscape- 
gardeners, and a conviction of the great use it would be of to 
practical gardeners, and to all persons engaged in laying out 
grounds, or in forming ornamental plantations, first suggested 
to us the idea of commencing the Work. 

In modem landscape-gardening, considered as a fine art, all 
the more important beauties and effects produoed b^ \.Vv^ «x\.\ax 



12 INTBODUCTION. 

may be said to depend on the use which he makes of foreign 
trees and shrubs. Our reasons for this are grounded on the 
principle that all art, to be acknowledged as such, must be 
avowed. This is the case in the fine arts : there is no attempt 
to conceal art in music, poetry, painting, or sculpture ; none in 
architecture; and none in the geometrical style of landscape- 
gardening. Why should there be an attempt to conceal art in 
modern landscape-gardening? Because, we shall be told, it is 
an art which imitates nature. But, does not landscape-painting 
also imitate nature ; and yet, in it, the work produced is ac- 
knowledged to be one of art ? Before this point is settled, it is 
necessary to recur to what is meant by the imitation of nature, 
and to reflect on the difference between repetition and imitation. 
In what are called the imitative arts, it will be found that the 
imitation is always made in such a manner as to produce a totally 
distinct work from the thing imitated ; and never, on any ac- 
count, so like as to be mistaken for it In landscape-painting, 
scenery is represented by colours on a flat surface ; in sculpture, 
forms, which in nature are coloured, are represented in colour- 
less stone. The intention of the artist, in both cases, is not to 
produce a copy which shall be mistaken for the original, but 
rather to show the original through the medium of a particular 
description of art; to reflect nature as in a glass. Now, to 
render landscape-gardening a fine art, some analogous process 
must be adopted by the landscape-gardener. In the geometrical 
style, he has succeeded perfectly, by arranging grounds and 
trees in artificial surfaces, forms, and lines, so different firom 
nature as to be recognised at once as works of art. A residence 
thus laid out is clearly distinguished from the woody scenery of 
the surrounding country ; and is satisfactory, because it displays 
the working of the human mind, and confers distinction on the 
owner as a man of wealth and taste. A residence laid out in 
the modern style, with the surface of the ^x)und disposed in 
imitation of the undulations of nature, and the trees scattered 
over it in groups apd masses, neither in straight lines, nor cut 
into artificial shapes, might be mistaken for nature, were not 
the trees planted chiefly of foreign kinds not to be met with in 
the natural or general scenery oi the country. Every thing in 
modem landscape-gardening, therefore, depends on the use of 
foreign trees and shrubs ; and, when it is orice properly under- 
stooa that no residence in the modern style can have a claim to 
be considered as laid out in good taste, in which all the trees 
and shrubs employed are not either foreign ones, or improved 
varieties of indigenous ones, the grounds of every country seat, 
from the cottage to the mansion, will become an arboretum, dif- 
fering only in the number of species which it contains. 

Though a taste for trees has existed from the earliest i^est 
ibat taste, in this country at least| may atUl be considered in its 



INTRODUCTION. 15 

infancy. An English landowner is almost always a great re- 
qiecter of trees generally, but seldom knows anything of par- 
ticular sorts : he, therefore, cares very tittle for their individual 
beauties, and contents himself with being an indiscriminate 
admirer of them. Hence the unwillingness of most persons to 
cut down trees, however improperly they may be placed ; or to 
thin out plantations, however much they may be crowded, and 
however great may be the injury which the finer foreign sorts 
are sustaining from the coarser-growing indigenous kinds. This 
indiscriminate regard for trees, and morbid feeling with reference 
to cutting them down when they are wrongly placed or too 
thick, principally results from ignorance of the kinds and of the 
rdative beauty of the different species, and from want of taste in 
landscape-gardening. When we consider that it is not much 
above a century since American trees began to be purchasable 
in the nurseries of this country, this is not to be wondered at; 
and, more especially, when it is remembered that planters, 
generally speaking, have few opportunities of seeing specimens 
of these trees, so as to become acquainted with them, and thus 
to acquire a taste for this kind of beauty and its pursuit. The 
public botanic and horticultural gardens, and the private arbo- 
retums and collections of foreign trees and shrubs, now esta- 
blishing throughout the country ; and the mode now becoming 
general among nurserymen, of planting specimen trees in their 
nurseries ; will tend to remedy this defect, by exhibiting living 
specimens : and our Arboretum et Frtdiceium Britannicum wiU^ 
we trust, aid in attaining the same end. 

To artists, the Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum will not 
be without its use. It is well known that there are but few 
landscape-painters who possess that kind of knowledge of trees 
which is necessary to enable them to produce such portraits i» 
would indicate the kind to a gardener or a forester. This 
defect, on the part of landscape-painters, arises partly from their 
copying from one another in towns, rather than from nature in 
the country ; but, principally, from their want of what may be 
technically called botanical knowledge. The correct touch of a 
tree, to use the language of art, can no more be acquired with- 
out studying the mode of foliation of that tree, than the correct 
mouldings of a Grecian or Gothic cornice can be understood or 
represented without the study of Grecian or Gothic architecturew 
It is for this reason that it will always be found that ladies who 
reside in the country, and have studied botany, if they have 
a taste for landscape, will imitate the touch of trees better than 
professional landscape-painters. We assert it as a &ct, without 
the least hesitation, that the majority of British artists (we may 
say, of all artists whatever) do not even know the means of ac- 
quiring a scientific knowledge of the touch of trees ; almost the 
onlj^ works which have noticed the subject^andgiOTk^X^^^^dL^^ 



14 INTRODUCTION. 

mere surface, being the Remarks on Forest Scenertfy by Gilpin ; 
and Kennion's Essay on Trees in Landscape, The perusal of the 
Arboretum et Fniticetum Britannicumy and the comparison of the 
botanical specimens with the touch to which they give rise in 
the portraits, will enable artists to investigate from our figures, 
and afterwards from nature, those differences in the points of the 
shoots, in the clustering and form of the foliage, and between 
die appearance of the foliage of spring and that of autumn, 
nrhich give rise to the difference of touch necessary to characte- 
rise a species, and to mark the season of the year. Most artists 
TRrho have studied trees from nature can give the touch of the 
oak with characteristic expression ; and, by the studv of the 
details of other trees, they may attain a touch which snail cha- 
racterise them with equal force and accuracy. There is no 
work extant, however, from which an artist can study, correctly 
and scientifically, the touch of more species of trees than the 
oak, the ash, the weeping willow, and one or two others. In 
proof of this we may refer to the plates in Kennion's work 
above referred to, as one of the latest and best, where the engra- 
vings, in the greater number of instances, have not the slightest 
resemblance to the trees the names of which are written be- 
neath them. How, under these circumstances, is it possible 
for an artist, who is not a botanist, and who does not reside in 
the country, to study the touch of trees ? By the Arboretum 
et Fruticetum Britaimicum he may acquire as much botanical 
knowledge as will enable him to distinguish with certainty all 
the different species of trees to be found in this country ; and 
he will see, in the engravings of the botanical specimens as 
they appear in autumn, the foundations laid in nature for the 
different descriptions of touch. The London artist, in addi- 
tion to the botanical knowledge which he may acquire from 
our work, may have recourse to the specimen trees (all near 
London) from which our portraits were taken. Artists gene- 
i^lly? ^y becoming botanically acquainted with the trees, will 
be able to recognise them in their walks, or professional excur- 
sions; to study them under various circumstances, and, when 
they introduce them in their landscapes, to give their characters 
with fidelity. 

Hitherto there has not been a sufficient demand for this kind 
of skill on the part of the artis(; but, as foreign trees become 
better known by the public generally, it will be necessary for 
artists to keep their art on a level with the state of knowledge 
of the times in which they live. As the foreign trees which are 
every year being introduced into the country advance in size, the 
truth of this remark will become more and more obvious. 

Having now given a general outline of the plan ofour Work, 
and of the maxinev in which we propose to carry that plan into 
execution, we shall next proceed witVi Pkkt 1. 



15 



PART I. 

•ENERAL OUIUNE OF THE UISTOEY AND GEOGRAPHY OJT THE 
TREES AND SHRUBS OF TEMPERATE CLIMATES. 

The use of the slight general outline which we propose now 
submitting to the reader is, partly, to show the consideration 
in which trees have been held in all ages and countries; but 
principally to record what has been done in the introduction of 
foreign trees into Britain ; and to point out, from the ligneous 
productions of other countries having similar climates, what 
remains to be accomplished. We shall first notice to what 
extent a love for, and a knowledge of, trees existed among the 
nations of antiquity ; and, next, give a general idea of the indi- 
genous and introduced trees of those countries occupied by the 
modem nations of Europe. We shall commence with Britain ; 
and shall take, in succession, France, Germany, and the other 
European countries. Afterwards, we shall give a slight sketch 
of the trees suited to temperate climates wnich are natives of 
Asia» Africa, America, and Australia. 



CHAP. I. 

OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF TREES AND SHRUBS WHICH ZXtStED AUOVQ 

THE NATIONS OF ANTIQUITY. 

The first notices which we have of trees are in the Satfed* 
Writings. The tree of knowledge, and the circumstance of our 
first parents hiding themselves among the trees of the garden of 
Ed«i, are familiar to every one. Solomon appears to have col- 
lected all kinds of plants, and not only to have had an orchard 
of firuit trees, and trees bearing spices, but to have included ill 
his grounds what are called barren trees, and among these the 
cedar. As this tree is a native of a colA and mountainous 
country at some distance from Judea, it shows that the practice 
of collecting trees from a distance, and from a difierent climate^ 
to assemble them in one plantation or arboretum, is of the 
earliest date. The cedar, indeed, is frequently mentioned in 
Scripture; and both that audi the fir (including, under this 
name, probably both Pinus and ^bies, for some species of both 
are natives of Asia Minor and Greece) are said, in the book of 
Esekiel, to be frequent in magnificent gardens. Large trees 
were then used as places for meeting under (as they are, in the 
East, to thb day); and they were then, as now, planted in 
eemeteries 



16 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART I. 

Trees are mentioned in the writings of Hesiod and Homer. 
The garden of Alcinous is said to have contained various sorts 
of fruit trees : and directions are given in Hesiod for lopping the 
poplar, and other species, for fuel ; and felling the oak, the elm, 
and other kinds of large trees, for timber. 

The principal trees of the Egj^ptiatis^ according to Herodotus, 
were, the palm, the sycamore fig, the lote tree (C61tis australis, 
according to Mr. Hogg, Gard, Mag., x. 291.), the olive, and 
the pomegranate. There are, we know, several other trees which 
are natives of Egypt; but these were probably thought most 
worthy of being recorded, as producing edible fruit. 

The gardens of the Persians contained trees ; and those in 
the garden of the younger Cyrus, at Sardis, were all planted with 
his own hand, in straight lines : the only mode which, at that 
early period, when scarcely any but indigenous trees were in use 
by planters, could convey the expression of art and design. In 
general, the trees which most attracted the attention of the 
ancients were those which bore edible fruits, produced spices, 
had a terebinthine odour, or possessed spreading branches to 
afford shade. Hence the frequent mention of the palm, the fig, 
the olive, the cinnamon, the camphor, the cypi*ess, the sycamore 
fig, and the plane. 

The only positive source of information respecting the trees 
known to die nations of antiquity, down to the time of the Greeks^ 
is to be found in the works of Theophrastus. Stackhouse, in his 
edition of Theophrastus's Historia Plantarum^ has endeavoured 
to show the modem botanical names for the plants of which 
Theophrastus has treated. Sprengel had done the same thing 
in hb Historia Rei Herbariie. Stackhouse has added to his 
own indentifications as many of those of Sprengel as are dif- 
ferent fi*om, and supplementary to, his own. From both we 
hAve selected the following list of the ligneous species. Stack- 
house has stated in the preface to his second volume (his work 
is in two volumes, 1813, ISH), that Sprengel has carefully 
ascertained 357 of the kinds treated of by Theophrastus, and 
that he has passed over the rest, which are nearly as many in 
number, in silence; except remarking the circumstances which 
make them so ambiguous as to render the identifying of them 
hopeless. To some of the identifications which have been 
proposed, doubt appertains; and, in the case of the ligneous 
species, in the enumeration bekow, this doubt is expressed by 
notes of interrogation. It may be observed, that the greater 
number of these plants, according to Sibthorp's Flcn-a Graca^ 
are natives of Greece, and that most of those which are not, 
will endure the open air, or are cultivated, in that country. The 
whole of them, with scarcely any exceptions, are in British 
gardens and hot-houses ; and all those which we have marked 



<SAP. I. TREEfl AND SHRUBS KNOWN TO THE ANCIENTS. 17 

with a star, are indigenous to the British Isles* We have thEC(wn 
the species into the groups indicated by the natural orders, iq 
order to aid the memory of the botanical reader, and to facilitate 
generalisation. 

"Ranunculdcea. Clematis orientalis. 

CappaAdea. Capparis spinosa. 

Cisiineie. Cistus cr^ticus and ^alviasfolius. 

'Malvdcea. Gfossypium .arboreum; Jkfalva tomentosa; ?Hi« 
biscusi an arboreous species if a hibiscus. 

Tilidcea. Tilia * europae^a. 

Auranttdcea. Citrus ilfedica and Aurantium. 

AcerinedB^ A^cev * camp&tre and * Pseudo-Pldtanus. 

AmpilicUe. Fitis vinifera, S kinds, and indica. 

Rutdce^. IZuta grav^olens. 

Celastrinea. ? Celastrus, the species was, in habit, a tree of 
middle size ; * £u6nymus europae^us. 

BAdmnea. iZhumnus Zycioides and ? ^lat^rnus, JUiurus 
aculeatus, SSzyphus vulgaris. 

TerebirUAdceie. Pistacia Terebinth us and Zrentiscus, Balsamo- 
d^ndron gilead^nse^ Rhus Coriai-ia m&, C. foe^mina, and Cotinus, 
? Mangifera indica. 

Leguminbscc. Acacia ardbica, Senegal, Cdtechu^ myrrhifera 
SUtckhousCy and polyacantha ; ? Tamarindus indica ; Cdrcis SHi" 
quastrum; Colutea arborescens and crudnta; Cathartocarpus 
fistula ; C^isus i^burnum and ^ Mariinta;" Ceratonia Siliqua; 
Moringa pterygosp6rma ; Genista lusitanica and ?«Sc6rpius 
(Sp^rtium villosum Flora Graca); Medicago arborea; ? Coro- 
rnlla E'merus ; £'benus cr6tica; Astragalus Tragacdutha. 

Rosdcea. 2?osa, the 5-leaved, the 10-leaved, the SO-leaved, 
and the 100-leaved ; JSubus * frutic^sus, * cse'^sius, and * idce^us. 

AmygddUte. ^mygdalus commiinis; PPersica vulgaris; 
C(6rasus * Padus, duracina and ? Laurocerasus ; Priinus *:iht 
sititia and dom^stica var. Juliana. 

VomdcecB, Pyrus * communis wild, and cultivated ; * J(falu3 
wild, and cultivated ; ^ AWsl^ and cretica; * iSorbus, two varieties 
of; *?torminalis and ? a variety of; ikiespilus *?^rminic% 
? a variety of ; Cydonia vulgaris, wild and cultivated; ,? j^^t 
Idnchier vulgaris ; Cotoneaster * vulgaris ; Cratse^gus Pyxa^* 
t&niha^ Azarolus, nnd *Qxyacantha. 

Grandtece. Punica Granatum« 

Rhizqphotea. Rhizophora J^t^le. 

Tamariscineis. * 2amarix gallica. \ 

Mvrtdcea. Afyrtus communis. 

Cactece. Opiintia vulgaris. . . . 

? GrossuldcecB, ? Rtbes * Grossularia. . ^, 

Umbellifera. JSubon G^lbanum. 

c 2 



•If 



IB HMTOftT AND GSOGRAPHT OF TR££C PART 1. 

Armlidcett. fiedera * /f&Gx, and varieties oF it. 

Qaprijblidcea. Cbprifjiliam * Pericl^menum ; PLonioera 
mrenaica; Fibumiim *?Lantdna» *?C/puliis, and PTmoa; 
jShmbucus * nigra. 

Cdmeit. Cornus m&s and * sanguinea. 

LorarUhdcea. Lorinthus enropae us ; * Fiscum flbunu 

Comp6sita. Santolina ro6mariniil5Iia ; Ifelichr^um 5to»^cba8 ; 
Kaitropb^lliun (Onobr6ma) arbor^cens ; Conyza sax&tilia. 

\acciniea. fTiccinium * Fitis idas^'a* 

Yrtcdceit. JSrica; Arbutus ^ndracbne and * CTnedo; ?/Iho- 
dodendron p6nticun]. 

Sfyracinea. Sifnn officinale. 

"Eiendcea. Diosp^ros £6tus. 

Oledcece. O'^lea europaB^ sylv^tris; PhilRrea lati(&Iia; 
?Xiig6strum yulgare ; CXmus europae^a ; * ? JWixinus excelsior. 

Apoc^a. ?^^rium Oleander; * Finca major, or * minor* 

CW'iflaceae. Cdrd/a Sebestina and Af^a. 

SMneiP. Capsicum frut^scens; X^cium barbanim and 
?6iiropae^uni. 

LtAidtte. Lavandula S^ica; JBosmarluus officinalis ; S&lvia 
triloba, erotica; Te;iiCTium creticum; ? Marrilbium P^udo- 
ZKctimnus, Origanum ZXctdmnus, Tournef6rt//, and ? aegyptla- 
cum ; Satureja capitata ; Thymus vulgaris, ? Mastichina. 

Vetbendcea. Fitex ^''gnus cistus. 

Vlanta&ness. Plantlgo ? C^ops. 

Ckeno^dea. * Saiic6mia frutic6sa. 

Laurinea, Za6rus n6bilis, var. platyph;^lla and var. lepto* 
pbj'IIa; Cbinam6mum vdrum. 

muristicea. Myristica. 

l^hymeWee. Daphne C^e6mm and sericea. 

"Eiqihorlnkotm. £uph6rb/a Pithyusa, * Characias, and itlyr- 
•inh^ ; * iSiixus aempervirens. 

XJrHcea. jPicus Chpriftcus, C&rica, religi^sa, and <Syc6inorut 
JkfiifQs nigra. 

Vlauktd!. ITlmus camp^stris, ?and another kind; Otitis 
atwtrUis. 

fiperdcem^ Piper nigrum. 
• i^gldndece. J&glans r^ta. 

Smdnea. Salix * tiba, nigra; *if^lix variegata and babg^ 
16nica ; /%pulus * nigra, * ^Iba. 

Bet9dlnetr. £6tula *flba and ?^nus *glutin^; .^flous 
oblongilta. 

Cupuljfera. Qu6rcus ? /lex, 5iiber, coccifera, JSIalidtay 
JPrnlcpSf uSIbcuIus, CSrris, * £6bur, ^^iglnea Desfi, and Toor- 
neSmit; *06rylus ^vell4oa; Gutanea *v^sca; jFSgus *ayl- 
jMtB, ; (Xstrya vulgaris. 

fiaidnea. Piitanus orientiUis. 



VAVl I« TREES AND 8HUUB8 KNOWtf TO TSX ▲VCIENTS. . 19 

CotAfh'it. C^dms Libani ; ZArixeuroptt'^a; Plnus halqi^nsLiy 
Pinea, marftima, and * sylvi^stris ; ^bies exc^Isa and Pfcea|. 
Ciipr^siis sempemrens ; Tliiija aph^Ua; T&xMs ^baccdln;' 
^unipenis * communis, Ox^cedru% l^cia, and * nana. 

Cycidea. Cfcas revoluta. 

Smildeeee. 5m}lax hspenL ; B&scu» hypoph^Uum, * acnlc^HS 
?racem&SQS. 

Filnut. Phoe^nix dact^Iifera, and four varieties ; &ooi nud* 
(era ; Chamae^rops ; ? Areca Citecku, 

Granunea. Bambusa arundinacea. 

It thus appears that the total number of species known to 
Theophrastus was not less than 170, which belong to 53 groups 
or natural orders. 

The Romans appear to have begun with a knowledge of all 
the trees possessea by the Greeks ; and there are added to theqii 
in their works, almost all the trees of the colder regions of Eu- 
rope. It is evident that the Romans introduced trees into Italy 
from other countries; because frequent mention is made^ by 
their agricultural writers, of the platanus, the cedar, the cypres^ 
and other trees, which are not indigenous to Italy; and the 
cherry, the peach, and other fruits, we are informed, were 
imported from Persia. The pine, the bay, the plane, and the 
box appear to have been the favourite trees of gardens : the first, 
for its refreshing odour ; the second, for its beauty, and because 
it was used in crowning martial heroes; and the third» on 
account of its shade. Phny observes, ** In old times trees were 
the very temples of the gods ; and, according to that ancient 
manner, the plain and simple peasants of the country, savouring 
still of antiquity, do at this day consecrate to one god or otjier 
the goodliest and fairest trees that they can meete withall ; ahc} . 
verily, we ourselves adore, not with more reverence and devotion, 
the stately images of gods within our temples (made though tliey 
be of glittering gold and beautiful ivory), than the very groves 
and tufts of trees, wherein we worship the same gods in reiiffious . 
silence. First, the ancient ceremony of dedic^ti^ this ai^ttiiit 
kind of tree to several gods, as proper and peculiar to tJie^ 
was always observed, and continues to this day. For th^ j^D^t 
mighty oak, named esculus, is consecrated to JupitarA 4^ bur^ 
to Apollo, the olive to Minerva, the myrtle to Venus^ m^. tl^e 
poplar to Hercules." {HoUaruTs Trandation of Plimfs JSTafyfiil 
HiUorxfj p. 357.) 

The Romans cultivated trees for useful purposev lik^ tbfi 

modems. They planted coppice wood|^ for fuel, fence woo^t 9^ ^ ^ 

props for the vine ; they had osier groundst for produ^n feoj^ . 

and basket willows ; single rows c? elms and|:|;>p!)arstr^i^:.aM»^ 

porting the vine ; and they had indigenous forests oaltbe bills 

c 3 



20 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. FART I 

and mountains, for supplying timber for building and other pur- 
poses. The larch was a favourite tree among them ; and instances 
are given by Pliny of the enormous size which it attained, of its 
durability, and its resistance to fire. The positive knowledge of 
the Romans, with respect to trees, may be found in Pliny's Natural 
History ; and an enumeration of the species which that work 
contains, as far as they can be guessed at by modern botanists, 
is given by Sprengel in his Historia Ret Herbarice^ vol. i. It 
contains so few, in addition to those known to Theophrastus, that 
it seems unnecessary to introduce it here« 



CHAP. 11. 

OF THE HISTORY A29D GEOGRAPHY OF THE TREES AND SHRUBS 

NOW IN THE BRITISH ISLANDS. 

The trees and shrubs now indigenous to, or cultivated in, the 
British Islands, including Ireland, the Channel Islapds, and the 
other adjacent isles, naturally form two divisions; viz., those 
which are of spontaneous growth, and those which have been 
introduced or originated by the art and industry of man. In 
order to convey distinct ideas respecting the number and nature 
of the native woody plants which may be considered as abori- 
ginal and permanent inhabitants of this country, we shall give 
an enumeration of them, arranged according to the natural 
orders to which they belong ; and, in order to show the progress 
of the introduction of foreign species, the number introduced, 
and the individuals to whom we are indebted for such intro- 
ductions, we shall treat of the native and foreign plants 
separately. 

Sect. I. Of the Native Trees and Shrubs of the British Isles* 

The native plants of any island may generally be considered 
as the' same as those of the continent to which that island belongs ; 
and hence we find that there are very few trees and shrubs which 
are indigenous to the north of France, Belgium, and the north 
of Germany, which are not also natives of Britain. In countries 
which have been long civilised, it appears difficult to determine 
what trees or plants are aboriginal, and what have been intro* 
duced ; and even in wild countries, the same difficulties may be 
said to occur, since the seeds of the plants of one country may 
be, and undoubtedly are, carried to another country by birds and 
4)tber animals, and may spring up there, mature themselves, and 
continue their species like aboriginal plants. It is probable that 
this process has gone on more or less in every country from its 



CHAP. II. BRITISH ISLANDS. 21 

first existence ; and thus, that the tendency even of natuve, 
independently of human art, is to equalise the productions of 
similar climates. 

CsBsar, in his CommeniarieSj states that be found the woods 'of 
Britain to contain the same trees as those of Gaul, with the ex- 
ception of the abies and the fagus : ^^ Materia cujusque generis, 
ut in Grallia est, pneter fagum et abietem." This passage has 
given rise to much controversy, some authors supposing that 
Ceesar, by the word abietem, meant the wild or Scotch pine, 
which is a native of Britain. As, however, the Romans de- 
signated the silver fir abies, there can be little doubt that this 
was the tree alluded to by Caesar ; which not only does not grow 
wild in England, but was not introduced into this country till 
modern times. This solution of the passage is so simple, that 
it is difficult to imagine how any mistake can have arisen, par- 
ticularly as Pliny speaks of the Scotch pine expressly as Pmus 
sylv^stris {Nat, Hist,^ lib. xv. and xvi.) The only reason appears 
to be, that the Scotch pine was formerly called the Scotch fir ; 
and that the word abies, being considered to signify fir, was, 
without further examinat-ion, supposed to apply to that tree. 

It is more difficult to reconcile Caesar's assertion that be did 
not find the fagus in Britain, as that name is generally supposed 
to have been applied by the Romans to the common beech. 
Belon informs us that, in his time (Les Obs,^ Sfc^ en Grece^ en 
Asie^ et atUres Pays etrangerSf 1554), on Mount Athos and in 
Macedonia, the beech was called phega. It is wonderful, there* 
fore, says Ray, that Caesar should deny the beech to Britain : 
his doing so can only be satisfactorily accounted for, by sup- 
posing that by the word fagus he meant the Qu^rcus ^sculus, 
the phagos of Theophrastus. Mr. Long, in his Observations 
an certain Roman Roads^ and Towns^ in the South of BrittUny 
p. SQ.i asserts that the tree Caesar called fiigus was the sweet 
chestnut, Jagus Castanea L, Mr. Long does not state his 
grounds for this opinion ; but should the fagus of the Romana 
be our chestnut, and their castanea our beech, it would not 
only explain this difficulty, but do much to reconcile that 
passage in the Georgics^ lib. ii. v. 71., where the fruit of 
the fagus appears preferred to that of the castanea. If we 
consider that by fagus Caesar meant our common beech, all 
that can be concludea from his remark is, that the beech was 
not, in his time, discoverable in large masses in Kent ; wbere^ 
though it grows naturally, it is only found on the hills and not in 
the plains. Mr. Whitaker, in his Histofy of Maiichester^ con- 
cludes that the Romans introduced the beech, partly fi*om the 
assertion of Caesar above alluded to, and partly from the name 
for the beech in the British language, foighe, faghe, iaydh^ 
being obviously derived from fagus. The name in the Anglo* 

♦c 4 



22 HISTORY AND OEOaRAPHY OF TREES. PART I.. 

Saxon is bece; b^che, Fr. ; and buche, Oer. The Scotch pine, 
Whitaker thinks, was a native of the island before the arrival of 
the Romans, though unknown to them at their invasion ; and this 
pine, judging from the resinous quality of that dug up from peat 
bogs, he considers to have been of a different species from that 
now grown in England, and ^Hhe same assuredly with the 
Scotch fir of the highlands of Scotland." Here we know the 
antbor to be entirely mistaken ; the species being every where the 
same, and the quality of the timber differing only in consequence 
of differences in the soil and situation. Sir Walter Scott fell 
into a similar error, when he stated, in the Quarterly Review 
(xxxvi. 580.), that our *' Scotch fir was brought from Canada, not 
more than half a century ago," and that the true species, found 
in the north of Scotland in immense forests, grows with ^* huge 
contorted arms, not altogether unlike the oak." The conjec- 
tures of these two eminent writers only show that, however 
Sreat may be their authority in other matters, they are not to be 
epended upon in what concerns trees. The Scotch pine must, 
unquestionably, have been indigenous in the highlands of Scot- 
land . in the time of Caesar, though, in all probability, not to be 
met with, or rare, in England, at least in the southern counties. 
The Romans, Whitaker observes, first brought among us, 
as their present names sufficiently show, *^ the platanus or plane, 
the tilia or teil, the buxus or box, the ulmus or elm, and the 
populus.or poplar. The platanus passed from Asia to Sicily, 
thence into Italy ; and, before the year 79, as Pliny informs us, 
it had reached the most northerly shore of Gaul. The apple 
Whitaker conjectures to have been brought into Britain by the 
first colonies of the natives, and by the Haedui of Somersetshire 
in particular ; hence Glastonbury was distinguished by the title 
of Avellonia, or the apple orchard, previously to the arrival of 
the Romans. Before the third century, this fruit had spread 
over the whole island, and so widely, that, according to Solinus, 
there were large plantations of it in the " Ultima ThtiLe,^* The 
Romans added ^^the pear, the damson, and the cherry, the 
arbor persica, perch, or peach ; aprica, or apricot ; and cydonia, 
or quince." Cherries were introduced from Pontus and Egypt 
into Italy by Lucullus, who conquered the former country ; and 
they were carried into Britain within five years of the first set- 
tlement of the Romans in the country. Pears abounded in 
Italy, though it is uncertain at what time the Romans brought 
them into England. The damson was originally brought from 
Damascus to Italy, and thence to Britain, as the quince was from 
Crete, and the peach from Persia : the latter was common in 
Gaul in the time of Agricola. 

. The mulberry, tlie chestnut, the fig, and the sorbus, or true 

service, were introduced by the Romans. It is singular, that, 

not far From one of the very few habitats in which the true 



k 



ebAK It. BRITISH ISLANDS. 29' 

service is to be found in a wild state in Britain, viz., Wyre Forest 
in Worcestershire, the remains of a Roman villa were some 
years ago discovered (see Arch. Mag.j ii. p. 94.). It is not im-' 
probable that the tree referred to may be a descendant from a 
service tree planted in the orchard belonging to the adjoining 
Itoman villa. The chestnut belongs to Sardis in Asia Minor; 
^oA it was brought thence to Tarentum and Naples, where 
it was cultivated with great success in the reign of Vespasian. 
That the chestnut was in Britain as early as the 1 2th century is 
placed beyond dispute by Giraldus Cambrensis, who, in speak- 
ing of the trees of Britain which Ireland wants, mentions the 
chestnut and the beech. Daines Barrington conjectures that 
the chestnut was probably brought into England from Spain ; 
<nd Dr. Ducarel, who had a dispute with Barrington on 
the subject (see P?iiL Trans,j lix. and Ixi.), endeavours to 
prove that it is a native. Mr. Whitaker thinks, and, in our 
opinion, with great reason, that the tree was brought into Britain 
by the Romans. The medlar, according to Pliny, was brouffht 
into Italy from Greece, at what period is uncertain; as is also 
when it was introduced into Britain. The rose was brought 
from Italy by the Romans, the best being those of Praenestina 
and Campania. The rosemary and the thyme are also supposed 
to have been introduced by the Romans. The thyme, in the 
days of Vespasian, Pliny observes (xxi. 10.), so greatly over- 
spread 'the plains in the province of Narbonne, that many, 
thousands of cattle were brought every year from the distant 
parts of the country to fatten upon it. 

In a paper on the subject of indigenous trees, in the Archisologiaf 
by Daines Barrington, he lays down a test by which it may be 
known what trees ought to be considered as truly indigenous : 
that they grow in large masses, and spread over a considerable 
breadth of surface ; that such masses never end abruptly, ex- 
cept where there is a sudden change in the soil or the sub- 
stratum ; and, that the trees or shrubs ripen their seeds kindly, 
and that when these seeds are dropped, they spring up freely. 
Applying these tests to what are commonly considered native 
trees, he rejects positively the sweet chestnut, the lime, the 
English elm ; and the box. As doubtful, he reckons the ^cer 
Pseiido-Platanus, and the white poplar (Jf%pulus alba), and even 
the yew, which, he says, is seldom found but in churchyards or 
in artificial plantations. He also doubts the spindle tree and 
the privet. A few lime trees, he thinks, such as those in Moor 
Park in Hertfordshire, and on the river Neath in Glamorgan- 
shire, have been introduced by the alien abbots and priors, when 
they came to visit their religious houses ; but the tree was not 
generally planted till after the time of Le Notre, in the reign of 
Charles I., who introduced it extensively in avenues, as was them 



24 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART I. 

the custom in France. The antiquity of the sweet chestnut at 
Tortworth, which he had ascertained from Lord Ducie to be 
much exaggerated, he alleges to be no proof that the tree is 
indigenous. " The English, or narrow-leaved, elm," he says, 
^^ bemg much esteemed by the Romans, was probably introduced 
by them. The box," he erroneously (see Herb.^ 1597, p. 1226.) 
states, ^^ is not mentioned by Gerard, and," he adds, ^< the 
tree is found nowhere in an apparently wild state, except on 
Box Hill, where it was planted by Lord Arundel, who designed 
to build a house there, but who relinquished his intention from 
the want of water, and built one at Albury hard by." The 
only native evergreen trees and shrubs of Britain would thus 
appear to be the Scotch pine, the holly, the juniper, the furze, 
the spurge laurel, the butcher's broom, and the ivy. The furze 
Dr. Walker supposes not to be aboriginal, but to have been in- 
troduced from the mountains of Portugal, where it abounds. 
His reason is, that it is the only alleged indigenous shrub which 
flowers during winter; and that during severe winters it is 
killed to the ground, both in England and Scotland. According 
to these authors, the only indigenous evergreen trees are the 
Scotch pine and the holly ; so that we are thus reduced to two 
evergreen trees and four evergreen shrubs ; unless we include 
such under-shrubs as the heath, the Andromeda, the ^rctost^- 
phylos U\a iirsi, &c., which do not generally attain the height 
of two feet 

Perhaps it may be thought unreasonable to allege that the 
lime and the yew are not natives of Britain, since they unques- 
tionably are of countries which lie farther north ; viz., the north 
of Germanv and Sweden : but it must be remembered that the 
summers of these countries are hotter than those of England, in 
consequence of which, the lime ripens its seeds every year, which 
it seldom does in Britain. In countries without extremes either 
of heat or cold, such as the sea coast of Britain and great part of 
Ireland; many trees will live and thrive without ever producing 
seeds* Such trees may remain for ages in a country, without 
being one step nearer naturalisation than the day on which they 
were introduced. In Hasted's Kent it is stated that Sir John 
Speilman^ who introduced the manufacture of paper into England 
fix>m Germany, in the time of Elizabeth, and to whom Queen 
Elizabeth granted the manor of Portbridge in Dartford, intro- 
duced tfbe Ume tree. He is said to have brought over two trees 
with him in his portmanteau, and to have planted them at Port- 
bridge^ near the dwelling-house belonging to the powder mills; 
where, according to Hasted, they remained till they were cut 
down a few years previously to the time when he wrote, which 
was in 1776. {Beauties of England^ 4'^., Kenty p. 562.) The 
lime* however, is represented fa^ Turner as growing to a large 
size in l£i62; so that the trees introduced by Speilman could 



CHAFl II. BRITISH ISLANDS. 2i 

not have been the first that were brought into the countiy. The 
TUia europa&^a, or common lime tree of the north of Europe^ 
is stated by Turner and Gerard to be a native of England ; but 
Ray says, that, though it is an inhabitant of Essex, it is never 
finind in that county, or anywhere else, growing wild« The 
Zllia parviiblia, Ray seems to consider as a native. 

The box is one of our most interesting ^^ disputed trees;" 
for, if we are deprived of that and of the yew, neither of which 
Daines Barrington will allow us, our only evergreen trees 
will be the Scotch pine and the holly. Ray says that *^ the box 
grows wild on Box Hill, hence the name : also at Boxwell, on 
Cotswoid in Gloucestershire, and at Boxley in Kent, where 
there were woods of this tree, according to Aubrey. It grows, 
plentifully on the chalk hills near Dunstable." Turner says, 
*' it groweth on the mountains in Germany plentifully, wild, 
without any setting; but in England it groweth not by itself in 
any place that I know, though there is much of it in England,** 
{Herbalf edit. 1551, p. 159.) Parkinson says it is found in 
many woods, and that it is also planted in orchards. Evelyn 
considers it a native, as does Lambarde, in his PerambukUions 
ofKentj in 1576. Some curious controversial matter on thia 
subject will be found in the Gentleman* s Mc^azine^ vol. Ivii., for 
1787. One writer, T. H. White (p. 667.)> says, " he called at 
the village of Boxley, and that, from the strictest enquiries, he 
was thoroughly convinced that Evelyn was wrong in considering 
the box to grow wild at this village." It has been said that 
the Earl of Arundel, who died in Italy in 1646, planted the box 
trees on Box Hill, with a view to building a house there ; but this 
is denied by another writer, S. H., in the same magazine. ^^ Tlie 
Earl of Arundel," this writer says, ** was a very curious man; and^ 
having a house very near, at Dorking, it has been conjectured, 
but without foundation, that he plant^ Box Hill. The ground 
on which the box trees crow," he continues, ^' was not His Lord- 
ship's property ; " and this is confirmed by a passage in Mannings 
and Bray's Surrey^ where that part of the hill which is coverea 
with the trees is proved to have belonged to Sir Matthew Brown^ 
long before the date when they were said to have been planted 
by the earl. <* Various have been the disquisitions," say these 
authors, *^ concerning the antiquity of this plantation, which^ 
however, for aught that has hitherto appeared to the contrary, 
may have been coeval with the soil. Here was formerly also a 
warren, with its lodge ; in a lease of which, from Sir Matthew 
Brown to Thomas Constable, dated 25th August, 1 602, the 
tenant covenants to use his best endeavours for preserving the 
yew, box, and all other trees growing thereupon ; as also to 
deliver, half-yearly, an account of what hath been sold, to whoth, 
and at what prices ; and in an account rendered to Ambrose, 



261 HISTORY AMU GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PAUT I« 

his son, by his guardian, of the rents and profits for one year, to 
Michaelmas, 1608, the receipt of box trees cut down upon the 
sheepwalk on this hill is 50/. We have seen also an account of 
this manor, taken in 1712, in which it is supposed that as much 
had been cut down within a few years before as amounted to 
3000/." {Manning and Bray's Surrey^ i. 560.) At present the 
only habitat of this tree in Endand is Box Hill ; and though this 
drcumstance cannot be considered as a proof that it is not indi- 
genousy yet, as it is known that it does not ripen its seeds freely 
m this country, and seldom sows itself, either on Box Hill or any- 
where else, when in a neglected state, we may fairly be allowed) 
when these circumstances are taken into consideratk>n and con- 
joined with its Roman name, to doubt whether it be a native. It 
is so beautiful a tree, that its branches, like those of the bay, were 
probably in early use botli in civic festivals and religious cere- 
monies ; and it appears likely that it was not only introduced, 
but was cultivated, at an early period. At the same time, it must 
not be forgotten, that, in estimating the probability of a tree or 
plant being indigenous to a country, we must add to the other 
considerations mentioned that of its native habitat. Now the 
native site of the box is in woods of deciduous trees, where it 
IB well known a plant may propagate itself by seeds, which would 
XK)t do so on naked exposed situations. Taking this view of the 
subject, the box may yet be a native. 

The Englidi elm ( C/lmus campestris) seldom ripens its seeds in 
England, though it does so freely in the neighbourhood of Paris. 
It can hardly be considered a native. The common sycamore 
ripens its seeds kindly, and in woods it sows itself, and the seeds 
qf)ring up freely; but this may be said of various trees and 
^ubs which we know are foreign to the soil. The white poplar 
is found so seldom that it can hardly be considered a native. 
The yew is found in inaccessible acclivities, and other places 
where it must have been sown by birds, which is also the case 
with the spindle tree and the privet; therefore, their being 
Datives cannot reasonably be doubted, except on something like 
positive evidence. 

The trees and shrubs which were known to our Saxon an« 
cestors were, the birch, alder, oak, wild or Scotch pine, moun- 
tain ash or rowan tree, juniper, elder, sweet gale, dog rose, 
heath, St. John's wort, and the mistletoe. All these are con- 
sidered as aboriginal in the country; but, from the length of 
time that England was under the government of the Romans, 
it may reasonably be supposed that, in addition to the native 
trees and shrubs, there were in the country, when it was taken 
possession of by the Saxons, several which were natives of France, 
Spain, or Italy. To what extent this was the case cannot now 
Jbe known ; but it is sufficieot for our purpose, that, in the present 



CHAP. IJ. BRITISH ISLANDS. 27 

day, botanists consider all those plants indigenous to a country, 
wluch have existed in it beyond the memory of man or the 
existence of written records, and which propagate themselves 
freely by seed, without human agency. 

The reputed native plants of Britain have been enumerated 
and described by different botanical authors : but it will be of 
little practical use in this case, and in the others which will come 
before us, to quote from any author who wrote previously to the 
time of Linnaeus; and who, of course, could not adopt his ad- 
mirable system of giving plants specific names composed of two 
words, instead of short Latin descriptions. The first author 
who enumerated the plants of England, and applied the Linnaean 
specific names, was Hudson, in his Flora AnglicOy published in 
1762 ; and those of Scotland were first described by Lightfoot, 
in his Flora Scotica^ in 1775. Those of Ireland were first 
enumerated by Threlkeld, in 1727, before the Linnsean system 
was adopted, and there has not yet been any other flora of the 
country than a list published by Mr. T. Mackay in 1825. For- 
tunately, however, there are two recent works, the English Flora 
of Sir J. E. Smith, and the British Flora of Dr. Hooker, which 
contain an enumeration and description of all the plants indige- 
nous to the British Isles, and from them we have compiled the 
following enumeration. In it are included all the plants, con- 
sidered by botanists as ligneous, which grow in the British 
Islands, exclusive of varieties. 

To such as are considered by many persons as doubtful 
natives, we have prefixed, not the point of interrogation used to 
signify botanical doubts, but the letters qu. 

Ranuficuldcea, Clematis Vitdlba, a deciduous climber. 

Berberideee. Berberis vulgaris, a deciduous shrub, 10 ft. 
high. 

Cistinea. Helianthemum marifolium, surrej^num, vulgare, 
tomentdsum, and /^oliifcSlium, evergreen prostrate shrubs, from 
6 in. to 1 ft. in height. 

TilidcPiB. Tilia europae^a qu., a deciduous tree, 50 ft;.; gran- 
difolia (syn. platyph^lla) qu., a deciduous tree, 50 ft.; parvif51ia, 
a deciduous tree, 30 ft. 

Hypericinea. -^ndrosceVnum ofiicinJtle, a deciduous under- 
shrub, 4 ft. ; //yp6ricum calycinum qu., an evergicen under- 
shrub, 1 ft. 

Aeerinea. -/^cer campdstre, a deciduous tree, 20ft. high; 
and A* Pseiido-jPlatanus qu., a deciduous tree, 50 ft; high. 

Celastrinea. jEu6nymus europse^us, a deciduous tree, from 
15ft. to 20 ft. high. 

UitAnece. /lex Jquifblium, an evergreen tree, 30 ft. high. 

Staphyledcea. Staphylea pinnata qu., a deciduous shrub^ 
from 10 ft. to 15 ft. high. 

•c 7 



S8 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. ^ PART i; 

B^dmneiF. IZhimnus cath&rticus mas, c. foem., deciduous 
shrubs, from 10ft. to 15ft. high; Frangula, a deciduous shrub 
retaining its leaves late, 5 fL high. 

Leguminosa. C^sus scoparius, an evergreen shrub, of 5 ft; 
Gfenista tinct6ria, an evergreen under-shrub, of 18 inches; 
G. pilosa, a prostrate evergreen shrub ; G. anglica, a prostrate 
deciduous shrub ; ITiex europss^a, nn evergreen shrub, of 5 ft. ; 
17. nana, an evergreen shrub, of 2 ft. ; 17. stricta, and U. e. fl. pl^no. 

'Rosacea. Bhsa. cinnam6mea qu., rubella, spinoslssima, in« 
voiuta, Donidnoj gracilis, Sabini, vill6sa, toment6sa, Sher£rdf| 
rubigin6sa, micrantba, Borreri, cassia, sarmentacea, bractescens, 
dumet6rum, F6rsteri, hib^rnica, canlna, and s^'styla, all deci- 
duous shrubs, from 3 ft. to 5ft.; and R, arvensis, a deciduous 
trailing shrub; jR&bus frutic6sus, plicatus, rhamnifolius, leu- 
costachys, glandul6su6, nitidus, affinis, and corylifolius, all ever^ 
green trailers ; /{.<sa^^ius, a deciduous trailer ; and R. suberectus 
and idse^us, decidabus under-shrubs, of S fl. Some more species, 
or reputed species, might be added to the evergreen trailers^ 
from Dr. Lindley's Synopsis and our Hortus Bntannicus. Poten- 
tilla fruticosa, a deciduous shrub, above S ft.; Comarum paliistre, 
a prostrate deciduous under-shrub, of 1 fl. ; iSpirse^ ^cifoiia 
qu., a deciduous under-shrub of S ft. 

Pomdcea. i^rus communis, Jlfalus, torminalis, dom^tica, 
aucuparia, and pinnatifida, all deciduous trees, of between 20 fl. 
and 30 ft.; and P. ^Via, and ^'ria intermedia, deciduous trees^ 
between 30 ft. and iO fl. ; Cratae^gus Qxyacantha, and Jkfi^spilus 
germanica qu.i deciduous trees, between 15ft. and 20 ft.; and 
Cotoneaster vulgaris, a deciduous shrub, 4 ft. high. 

AmygdalecB. C6rasus Padus and avium, and Priinus dom^- 
tica qu., deciduous trees between 20 fl. and 30 ft. ; P. insititia 
and spinosa, deciduous shrubs or very low trees, of lOfL or 
15ft. 

Tamariscineie. Tamarix g^Uica qu., an evergreen shrub, be- 
tween 5 fl. and 10 ft. high. 

Grossuldcea, Ribes rubrum, petrse^um, alpinum mas, a. fcem., 
nigrum, Grossularia qu., and UVa crispa qu., all deciduous 
under-shrubs, from 1 ft. to 3 ft. in a wild state. 

Aralidcae* i76dera Zfelix, a prostrate and clinging ever- 
green shrub. 

Caprifolidcece. Caprifolium italicum qu., and Pericl;^enum, 
deciduous twiners ; Lonicera Xylosteum qu., a deciduous shrub, 
10ft. high; Sambucus nigra, a deciduous tree, 15 ft. or 20 fl. 
high; Fiburnum O'pulus and Lantana, deciduous shrubs or 
very low trees, from 10 ft to 15 fl. high. 

CSmea. Comus sanguinea, a deciduous shrub or very low 
tree, from 10 ft. to 15 fl. high. 

Loranthdcea^ J^scum ^bum mas., a. foem., evergreen para* 
Sites, 



CHAP. ll. BRITISH ISLANDS. ^ 

' Yacciniea, Faccinium Myrdllus and uliginosum, deciduous 
shrubs, 1 ft. high ; and Fitis idas^ an evergreen shrub, under a 
foot high ; Oxycoccus vulgaris, a prostrate evergreen shrub. 

Ya-icdceiB. Calluna vulgaris, a prostrate evergreen shrubs 
about a foot in height; £rica Tl§tralix cinerea, ciliaris, mediter- 
ranea, M ackatafia, and vagans, and Dabce^cm j^oliif^lia, D. jp. 
Mba, and caerulea, and Andromeda j^oliifolia, evergreen shrubis, 
under a foot high ; ^Vbutus [TViedo qu., an evergreen shrub^ 
15 ft* high; ^rctostaphylos UVa ursi, a prostrate evergreen 
shrub, and alpina, a prostrate deciduous shrub; and Chamaeledon 
procumbens, a prostrate evergreen shrub. 

Oledcea. Z/igiistrum vulgare, a deciduous shrub, 6 ft. high ; 
fVaxinus excelsior, a deciduous tree, 80 ft. high ; heteroph^lia, 
a deciduous tree, SO ft. high. 

Apocynea. Finca minor qu., an evergreen prostrate shrub. 

Soldnece. Solanum Dulcamara, a deciduous trailer. 

ChenopbdecB. Chenopodium frutic6sum, an evergreen shrub, 
between 3 ft. and 4 ft. high ; ^^triplex j!x>rtulacbides, a prostrate 
evergreen shrub, under a foot in height 

uiymeUe^iS, Z)aphne Laureola, an evergreen shrub, 2 ft. ; 
Mezereum qu., a deciduous shrub, 3 ft. 

U^edgnece. JEfippophae rhamnbides mas, rh. fcem., deciduous 
shrubs or very low trees, 15 ft. 

F,uphorb\ace8s. JSuphorbm Characias qu., and amygdalbides, 
evergreen fruticulose shrubs, 2 ft. high ; and jBuxus semper- 
virens qu., an evergreen tree, from 8 ft. to 20 ft. high. 

Ulmace^e. LHmus campestris qu., a deciduous tree, of 80 ft. ; 
I/, suberosa qu., major qu., and montana, deciduous trees, of 
40 ft ; and U. glabra qu., a deciduous tree, of 60 ft. 

Ctipulifera. Qu^rcus ^bur and sessiliflora, deciduous trees, 
of 80 ft ; Castanea v^sca qu., a deciduous tree, of 60 ft. ; J&gus 
sylvatica, a deciduous tree, of 70 ft. ; Corylus ^vellana, a deci- 
duous shrub, of 10ft.; and Carpinus JS^tulus, a deciduous tree, 
of 35 ft. 

'Betulinece. JS^tula dlba, a deciduous tree, of 40 ft ; and B» 
nana, a deciduous under-shrub, of 2 ft. 

Salicinea. Sal'ix fragilis mas and fragilis foemina, Russell- 
idna mas, Russell, fcem., alba mas, a. foem., £lba var. caeruleU 
mas, a. c. foem., deciduous trees, of 40 ft. high ; S. triandra 
mas, t fcem., lanceolata mas, 1. fcem., pentandra mas, p. 
fcsm., petiolaris mas, p. fcem., vitellina mas, v. foem., decipiens 
tnas, d. foem., rubra mas, r. foem., cinerea mas, c. foem., oleae- 
folia mas, o. foem., hirta mas, h. foem., caprea mas, c. ftem., 
acuminata mas, a. foem., and viminalis mas, v. foem., ail decidu* 
ous trees, 20 ft. or 25 ft high ; Hoffmeinnidna mas, H. fcem., 
amygd&lina mas, a. foem., nigricans mas, n. foem., Borrermiia 
mas, B. foem., nitens mas, n. foem., Davallia^ia mas, D. foem.^ 
Wulfent^iia mas, W» fosm,, t^trapla mas, t« tenv^^VAccAoT TSi<8k!s 

*c 8 



^ HISTORY AKD GEOGBAPHY OF TREES. PART I. 

b» £beqk, tenuifiWa mas^ t. fiscp.} TTialifolia mas, m. foem., pur- 
purea mas, p. fcem., iielix mas, H. fcBm., Lamberu'cina mas, 
L. foBm^t Forby^iiitf m^s^ F.> ibem., Crpweana mas, ۥ foem., 
^runifolia mas, 7;. fcBm., venuloaa mas., v. fcem., carinata mas, 
c».fiBm*, SUkBxXidna mas, S. fiBm., arenaria mas, a. fcem., lanata 
mas, 1. fbem., arg6ntea mas, a. fcem., Donm/^a mas, D. foem., 
aurita mas, a. foem., aqu^tica mas, a. foem., cotinifolia mas, 
c. foem., rupestris mas, r. ibem., Andersonici/ia mas, A. foem., 
Yovstj^viciJia mas, F. foem., sphacelata mas, s. fbem., SvaiMYiidna 
mas, S. foem., and stipularis mas, s. foem., all deciduous shrubs, 
from 3ft to 15ft. high; /^hylicaefblia mas, p. ibem., oacciniifolia 
mas, V, foem., Jlfyrsinites mas, Af. foem., DicksoDiVina mas, 
D. foem.t arbiiscula mas, a. fbem., livida mas, 1. foem., glauca mas, 
g. foem., fusca mas, f. foem., incubacea mas, L foem., and n>s- 
marinifolia mas, r. foem., all deciduous, from 1 ft. to S ft. high ; 
berbacea mas, b. foem., reticolata mas, r. foem., foe'tida mas, 
f. fbem., repens mas, r. foem., and prostrata mas, p. foem., pro- 
strate deciduous shrubs, under a foot in height Nearly the 
whole grow in moist ground. jP6pulus dlba qu. mas, a. foem., 
tr6mula mas, t. foem., nigra mas, n. foem.; and canescens mas, 
c. foem., deciduous trees, from 40 ft. to 60 ft high. 

'NbfriceiE, Jlfyrica Gdle mas, G. foem., deciduous shrubs, 2 ft. 
high. 

Conifera, Pinus sylvestris, an evergreen tree, from 60 ft. to 
80 ft. high ; Taxus baocata mas, b. foem., and var. hib^mica, 
evergreen trees, 20 ft. to 30 fL high ; •/uniperus communis mas, 
c* foem., evergreen shrubs, from 5 ft to 7 ft. high ; nana mas, 
n. fbem., prostrate evergreen shrubs. 

impetrea. ^mpetrum nigrum mas, n. foem., evergreen 
prostrate shrubs. 

Smildceig* /{uscus aculeatus mas, a. foem., and var. Idxus, 
evergreen shrubs, from 1 ft to 2 ft high. 

In estimating the heights of these trees and shrubs, we have 
supposed them to be growing in their natural and ordinary 
habitats. Under culture, or even in a wild state under favourable 
circumstances, many of them would grow higher, particularly 
the roses, the willows, and the fruticulose plants. The number 
of die latter might have been increased, by adding the car- 
nation, the pink, &c., which, even as indigenous plants, are 
certainly as much fruticulose as £uph6rbiVz Characias, or £. 
^itaiygdaloldes. 

The above enumeration includes 71 genera, and about 200 
species, nearly 100 of which are willows, roses, and brambles; 
and these species are comprised in S7 groups or natural orders. 
In greater detail, they are : — 

27 deciduous trees, from SO ft to 60 ft in height 
' SB deoidilous trees, from 15 ft to 30 ft in height 
J evergreen tree, from 60 fl. to 80 ft., iVie ScolcK \iine. 



CHtf. II. BKITI8B X8LAKM. 31 

3 eTergreen trees, from 15 ft. to 30 ft., the box, the yew, and 
the holly. 

35 deciduous shrubs, and very low trees, from 5 ft;, to 18 ft.; 
ioclodingSl roses and 32 willows. 

26 deciduous shrubs, from 1ft. to 5 ft. ; including 3 roses 
and 10 wiUowsw 

5 evergreen shrubs, from 5 ft. to 15 ft. 

7 evergreen shrubs, fi*om 1 ft. to 5 ft. 
1 evergreen climber, the ivy. 

1 deciduous climber, the dematis. 
S deciduous twiners, honeysuckles. 

8 evergreen trailers, brambles. 

3 deciduous trailers ; the iI6sa arv^nsis, the Solium Dul* 
Gunibra, and the iZiUbus ce'^sius. 

13 everareen shrubs, or fruticulose plants, from 6 in. to^ 
1 ft. in height ; such as the Faccf nium ^itis idseX the ericas, 
Andrdmeda poliif&lia, &c. 

10 deciduous shrubs, or fruticulose plants, from 3 in. to 
1 ft. in height ; such as C&marum paliisti-e, f^accinium Myrtillus, 
SUiz reticul&tB, prostr^Lta, &c. 

Sect. II. Of the Foreign Trees and Shrubs introduced into the 

British Isles. 

Lp wild plants are said to follow those animals to which they 
sapply food, cultivated plants are the followers of man in a state 
of civilisation. In all cases of taking possession of a new country, 
the first step of the settlers has been to introduce those vege- 
tables which, in their own country, they knew to be the most 
productive of human food; because the natural resource of 
man for subsistence is the ground. In all temperate climates, 
the plants of necessity may be considered to be the cereal grasses 
and the edible roots. Trees, with the exception of such as bear 
edible fruit, are not introduced till a considerable period afttf- 
wards; because all new and uncivilised countries abound in 
forests of timber. It can only be when this timber becomes 
scarce^ or when wealth and taste have increased to such an ex* 
tent as to create a desire for new trees as objects of curiosity, 
that the practice takes place of cultivating indigenous trees, or 
of introducing new ones. Hence we find that, m England, all 
the timber reouired for the purposes of construction and fiiel 
was obtained urom the native forests and copses, till about the 
time of Henry VIIL In this reign and the next, Holinshed 
informs us that plantations of trees began to be made for pur- 
of utility ; and we find, in the same reign, that attention 
to be paid to the trees and shrubs of foreign countries, 
that some few, even at that early period in Ukt bistoij of 




$2 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES PART I. 

British tree culture, began to be introduced into our gardens, as 
objects of rarity and value. 

Tlie ornamental trees, or the trees of curiosity, that would first 
be introduced into any country after those that recommended 
themselves by their fruit or their medicinal virtues, would be 
such as were generally planted about houses and in gardens, 
or such as bore conspicuous seeds« Hence the cypress, the bay, 
the box, the elm, the lime, and the plane, as being domestic 
shrubs and trees ; and the chestnut, the ilex, the walhut, and the 
pine, as being trees with conspicuous seeds, would, we may sup- 
pose, be those that were first brought over by the Romans, or 
by the heads of religious houses, ambassadors, or travellers. 

In tracing the introduction of foreign trees into this country, 
from the earliest ages to the present time, we shall first collect 
such notices as we have been able to obtain of the period from 
the invasion of the country by the Romans, to the end of the 
15th century; and, next, take in succession the 16th, I7th» 
16tb» and 19th centuries. 



SuBSECT. I. Of the Foreign Trees and Shntbs introduced into Britain 
by the Romans^ and during the Middle AgeSy to the End of the I5th 
Century, 

There can be no doubt whatever that the Romans introduced 
most of our cultivated vegetables and fruits. Some curious 
proofs of this are occasionally found in the springing up of 
Italian plants in the neighbourhood of the ruins of Roman villas, 
where ground, which had long remained in a state of rest, had 
been turned over in search of antiquities. Though, as far as we 
know, no trees or shrubs of Italy have sprung up in this manner 
from donnant seeds ; yet there cannot be a doubt but that some 
of the trees and shrubs of the Romans would be cultivated in 
thd gardens of their governors and generals, most of whom, it is 
uoderstood, musi have been practically acquainted with hus- 
bandry. Such trees would not only be interesting to them as 
r-emiiHliiig them of their native country, but they would serve 
tQ decorate and distinguish their residences, and command the 
i^dnfiiration t>f the Roman army and of the natives. 

.We have seen, in the preceding chapter (p. 22.\ thait most of 
our fruit trees, and in all probability the plane, chestnut, walnut, 
)ime> ^lou and box, were introduced by the Romans. Many trees 
frnd 9j»r«tbs introduced by the Romans, or by the monks of the 
middle agjes, may have been afterwards lost; because this is, 
aooner or later, the case with all neglected plants that are placed 
in a climate which will not enable them to ripen their seeds. 
. In the 9th century, during the re^ of Charlemagne, some 
txeiPtioKkS, appear to have been made in France for the extensioo 



CSAP. 11. BRITISH ISLANDS. SS 

of orchards; but nothing has reached us respecting the barren 
trees and ornamental shrubs of that period, either in France or 
England. 

In the tenth century, monasteries and other religious esta- 
blishments began to abound in the country ; and the monks and 
clergy, who were their principal occupants, were generally either 
natives of foreign countries, or had been educated in Italy. The 
occnpants of monasteries have, in all times, been attached to 
ffardening; and, among the plants which those of Britain pro- 
bably introduced from Italy, there can be little doubt that fruit 
trees were included, and probably, also, some trees of ornament, 
and shrubs. The sweet bay and the arbutus, if they were not 
introduced by the Romans, were, in all probability, brought 
over by the monks. It is conjectured by Dr. Walker {Essays 
an Nat. Hist), that some trees and shrubs were introduced from 
the Holy Land during the time of the crusades ; and one of 
these, he thinks, was the English elm. In the dispute already 
noticed (p. 23.), between Daines Barrington and Dr. Ducarel, 
on the question of the sweet chestnut being indigenous, the 
latter refers to a record, dated in the time of Henry IL, by 
which the Earl of Hereford grants to Flexby Abbey the tithe 
of all his chestnuts in the Forest of Dean. It appears highly 
probable that the chestnut, being so pro<luctive of human food 
in Italy in the time of the Romans, would be introduced by 
them, wherever they went, as one of the most useful of trees. 

In the beginning of the ISth century, the apple appears to 
have been cultivated to some extent in Norfolk. In the 6th of 
King John (1205), Robert de Evermere was found to hold his 
lordship of Redham and Stokesly, in Norfolk, by petty serjeantry, 
the paying of 200 pearmains, and 4 hogsheads (modios) of wine 
made of pearmains, into the exchequer, at the feast of St. 
Michael yearly. {Blomfield's Norfolk, ii. 242. 4to edit., 1810;) 

At the beginning of the 15th century, the roMe appears to 
have been not only known, but in extensive cultivation. Sir 
William Clopton granted to Thomas Smyth a piece of gi^ound 
called Dokmedwe in Haustede, for the annual payment of a rose, 
at the nativity of St. John the Baptist, to Sir William and hfe 
heirs, in lieu of all services^ dated at Haustede, on Sunday next 
before the Feast of Ail Saints, S Henry IV. (1402). {ddhtnCs 
Hawsied, p.\l7.) ' 

• In explanation of this deed, it may first be observed that 
ancient deeds are often dated on a Sunday, being executed in 
churches or churchyards, for the greater notoriety: in the 
second place, the rose was then in much more extensive use ki 
cultivated society than it is now, when its place is partly occu- 
pied by the great variety of other flowers now in cultivation. 
The demand for roses formerly was so great) that bushels of 

D 9 



f4 HISTORY Al^D GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART I. 

them were frequently paid by vassals to their lords, both in 
FVance and England. The single rose paid as an acknowledg- 
ment was the diminutive representation of a bushel of roses ; as 
a, single peppercorn, which is still a reserved rent, is of a pound 
of peppercorns, a payment originally of some worth, descending 
by degrees to a mere formality. (Histoire de la Vie privee des 
Franfots, ii. 221., and CtiUum's Hamtedy 117, 118.) 

The well-known story of the auarrel in the Temple Gardens, 
about 1450, which gave rise to tne distinctions of the white and 
red rose in the wars of York and Lancaster, is in unison with 
the foregoing authorities. 

Towards the end of this century, parks for hunting became 
common in England, and bushes in gardens were clipped ; but 
we have no evidence that in either case foreign ti*ees or shrubs 
were made use of; unless, with Daines Barrington, we reckon 
the yew tree as such. The yew is mentioned in these times as 
subjected to the topiary operations of the gardener ; and there 
appears little doubt that it was then reckoned one of the princi- 
pal garden shrubs, and almost, the only evergreen one. The 
ti:ees of the parks were, in ^11 probability, wholly indigenous, 
imd were left to propagate themselves, by shedding their seeds 
among rough herbage ; and the extent of surface they covered 
was allowed to be curtailed by deer and other animals, or to ex- 
tend itself, according to the abundance or scarcity of pasture. 

Of the foreign trees and shrubs of Scotland and Ireland, at 
diis remote period, scarcely any thing is known. James I. is 
suedd to have been an amateur of the fine arts, and to have been 
fond of gardens, and of grafting fruit trees. James III. had 
gardens in the neighbourhood of Stirling Castle ; and the pear 
tr^s and chestnuts, which are known to .have existed in Scotland 
9X tfaa^ period, may have been introduced from France, with 
which country Scotland was then, and for many years after* 
Ifards^ on intimate terms, or by the Roman clergy. Dr. Walker 
p^i^tions a sweet chestnut at Finhaven in Forfarshire, which, in 
1^76^, was conjectured to be upwards of 500 years old, and 
w))icb b supposed to have been the oldest planted tree in Scot- 
land* iEssai/Sy p. 29.) 

.Still less is known of the introduction of foreign trees and 
s^irubs . into Ireland. The arbutus is thought by some to be 
if^ijiigenous ; and it is certain that in England, in the 15th cen- 
(uiy^ it was called the Irish arbutus. By others, however, 
ii 13, said to have been introduced into Killarney by the monks 
of, St FiuniaD, who founded tlie abbey of that name on the 
banks of the lake» in the 6th century. 



GHAP. II. BRITim ISLANDS. $i 



SuBSBCT. 2. Of the Foreign Trees'and Shrubs introduced into Britain 

in the I6th Century. 

There is no record which throws any light on the subject of 
the introduction of foreign trees into England previously to the 
time of Henry VIIL Fitzherbert, in 1523, wrote on planting 
and preserving trees for timber and iiiel ; and Oooge, wh6 
translated Heresbachius in 1578, notices the same subjects. In 
Turner's Names of Herbes in 1548, the trees mentioned are, the 
almond, the apricot, the pomegranate, C^stus 5alviaefi51ius, rose* 
mary, thyme, white jasmine, 5p^rtium /linceum, the fig, the 
oriental plane, the elm, the sweet bay, the common black mul- 
berry, the stone pine, the spruce fir, the Clipr6ssus sempervirens, 
and the savin. In his Herbal of 1562, he adds the peach, the 
walnut, and the rue. In 1 568 he adds the lavender. It appears 
that foreign trees and shrubs were not altogether neglected 
in the royal gardens, in the time of Henry VIII.; since, in a 
survey of the royal palace at Nonsuch, in Surrey, in the suc- 
ceeding century, there were, in the wilderness, lilacs, lime trees^ 
yews, junipers, and hollies. L*ObeI, who published his Adver^ 
saria in 1570, includes the c7asminum fniticans, the Pistdcia 
officinArum, and the Genista jSc6rpius, among his woody plants. 
Tusser, in 1573, mentions the quince and the Damask rose. 
Grindal, Bishop of London, is said by Fuller to have intro- 
duced the German tamarisk, about the year 1 560 ; but, according 
to Camden and Hakluyt, better authorities, about 1 582. Grindiu 
was visited at Fulham by the queen, who complained that tht 
bishop had so surrounded his house with trees, that she could 
not enjoy the prospect from her chamber windows. Such ex^ 
cellent grapes were produced at Fulham by this prelate, thai 
some were sent every year to the queen. {Stryp^s lifi tgf 
GHndal.) 

Wimbledon House, which was rebuilt by Sir Thomas Cecil 
in 1588, and surveyed by order of the parliament in 1649, w^ 
celebrated for its wardens and trees. In the several gard^ii^ 
which consisted of mazes, wildernesses, knots, alleys, sc.^ airfe 
mentioned a great variety of fruit trees, and some shrt!ibS| pri^ 
ticularly " a feire bay tree,** valued at It, and ** one very fere 
tree, called the Irish arbutis, very lovely to lodk upoxi;-iihft 
worth \L \0s" {lA/sonsj L 397.) Gerard, the first edition of wbosd 
Catalogue is dated 1596, appears to have had several foreign ttief^ 
and shrubs in his garden in Holbom; and, among other^i^ 
akhasa frutex, the laburnum, the Judas tree, six diffinrent kindt 
of roses, the laurustinus, the Diosp^ros Zdtus, the white tnal* 
berry, tiie nettle tree, the pinaster, the arbor vitae, the yucca^ 
and several others, as may be seen by the list below. 

D 3 



SS HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. FART 1. 

Gterard mentions having planted Phillyrea serrata in the Earl 
of Essex's garden at Bam Elms. {Heibal^ edit. 1597, p. 1210.) 
Gough (Brit. Topog,^ p. 61.) says, that, before the year 1597, 
Gerard .had 1100 different plants and trees in cultivation. 
Tradescant is said by Gough to have been contemporary with 
Gerard, but he appears rather to belong to the 17th century. 
The only nursery w^hich we read of as existing in the 16th cen- 
tury is that of Corbet, otherwise called Poynter, the father of 
Bishop Corbet, at Twickenham, mentioned by Sir Hugh Plat 
and by Ben Jonson. Gerard says that " Richard Poynter was a 
most cunning and curious grafter and planter of all manner of 
rare plants at Twickenham." {Herb.y 1597, p. 1269.) 

It is uncertain whether Raleigh brought over any hardy 
American trees or shrubs, though it is highly probable that 
he did so, as he introduced the cherry tree into Ireland, and 
his manor at Sherborne, in Dorsetshire, is said to have been 
magnificently embellished with woods and gardens. -Coker, 
author of a Survey of Dorsetshire^ published in 1732, but which 
appears to have been written in the time of James I., says that 
Sir Walter Raleigh built in " the parke" adjoining the old 
castle ^^ a most fine house, which hee beautified with orchardes, 
gardens, and groves of much varietie and great delight; soethat, 
whether that you consider the pleasantnesse of the seate, the 
goodnesse of the soyle, or the other delicacies belonging unto 
it, it rests unparalleled by anie in those partes." (p. 124.) 

The park of Sherborne, after the death of Sir Walter Raleigh, 
came into the possession of the Earls of Digby, one of whom 
altered the house, and employed Brown to lay out the grounds. 
The centre part of the former mansion, which was built by Sir 
Walter Raleigh, still exists, and bears his arms, and the date 
1574 over the windows. In the park there is a grove, said to 
have been planted by Sir Walter, which still retains his name. 
{Beauties of England^ 4*^., Dorsetshire^ p. 438.) 

We can state nothing respecting the introduction of fi>reign 
trees into Scotland or Ireland during this century. 
' The trees and shrubs introduced into England during the 
16th century, and the persons by whom they were introduced, 
culti^Tited, or recorded (the names of the latter being included in 
parentheses), according to the Horius Kewensisj are as follow: — 

1548. Ziafirus n6bili8 Italy (Turner) 

Sp£rtiumj6nceum S. of £u. Lord Cobham 

.^^gdalus communis Barbary (Turner) 

Punica Granatum S. ofEu. Syon Garden 

^rmeniaca vulgaris Levant (Turner) 

Jasminum officinale East Indies (Turner) 

jRosroftrinus officinalis South of Europe (Turner) 



CHAP» II. 



BRITISH ISLANDS. 



37 



1568. 



1569. 
1570. 



1548* 71i;^us vul^ris 

jF/yssopus officinsLlis 
Artemisia ^brotanum 

1548 or before. Minus nigra 
jFicus Carica 
Piatanus orieiitcilis 

1548 or before. Pin us Pinea 
^bies exceisa 
c/uniperus /Sabina 
Ciipressus sempervirens 

1551. Cjstus 5alvi8ef7>lius 

1562« i?uta graveolens 

Persica vulgaris 
Persica laeVis 
Satttreja montaoa 
Juglans r^gia 
Juniperus /amariscifolia 
Colutea arborescens 
Lavandula Spica and la- 

tifolia 
Clematis Viticella 
PL»tacia officinarum 
Genista sagittalis 
Genista iScorpius 
Ononis rotund! folia 
Santolina squarrosa 
c/asminum fruticans 
^itex ^ gnus cast us 
JS^phedra distachya 

1573. jRosa damascena 
Cy don la vulgaris 
Santolina Chainsecyparis- 
sus 

1581. Qt^iercus I'lex 

1582. Tamarix germ&nica 
1596. Clematis pedicell^ta 

Clematis cirrhosa « 
Clematis FlammuU 
Cist us incanus 
/hibiscus syriacus 
Cytisus Z^aburnum 
Cytisus alpinus 
Cy^tisus spinosus 
Coronilla E'merus 
Medicago arborea 
C^rcis iSiliqu^tnim 
iZosa cenCiMia 

D 4 



South of Europe (Turner) 
South of Europe (Turner) 
South of Europe (Turner) 
Italy (Turner) 

South of Ekirope (Turner) 
Levant (Turner) 

S. of Europe Richmond 
North of Europe (Turner) 
South of Europe (Turner) 
Candia Syon Garden 

S. of Eu. Syon Garden 
South of Europe (Turner) 
Persia (Turner) 

Persia (Turner) 

South of Europe (Turner) 
Persia (Turner) 

South of Europe (Turner) 
France (Turner) 

South of Europe (Turner) 

Spain Hugh Morgan 

Levant Gray 

Germany ( Turner) 

South of Europe (Turner) 
Switzerland Hugh Morgan 
S. of Eu. Hugh Morgan 
South of Europe (Turner) 
Sicily (Turner) 

France . L'Obel 

Levant (TusserJ 

Austria (Tusser) 

South of Europe (Tusser) 

S. of France Whitehall Gar. 

Germany Archbp. Griu({al 

Majorca Gerard 

Spain . Gerard 

France Gerard 

Soutl) of Europe . Gerard 

Syria Gerard 

Continent of Eu. Gerard 

Conlioent of £ir^ Gerard 

£outh of Europe Gerard 

FraiKe Gerard 

Ilaiy Gerard 

South of Europe Gerard 

South of Surc^e Gerard 



MMnOWW ASD 6E06KA1HT OF 



MLSr I* 



U00. JBteUtn 



BariMiy 



1597. 



Satm prawiacSlm 




Tulgikris 
Jlantago C^nops 
Aliiums aculd^tiis 
J3b6s Cbriiria 
Looicera alpigena 
Comas mas 



Sooth of Europe 
South of Europe 
Sooth of Europe 
South of Eorope 
Switzerland 
Austria 



Philad^has coroui^us South of Europe 



South of Europe 

South of Europe 

South of Europe 

Spain 

South of Europe 

Siberia 

Italy 

South of Europe 

Spain 

Levant 
China 

South of Europe 
South of Europe 
North America 
North America 
Italy 
Crimea 
Austria 
Switzerland 
or 



Tenoruz frutlc^sa 

&imbikus racemosa 

Fibimum Tlnus 

rib6mum T. lAdda 

FlUimum 71 stricta 

Atixmma Suitooica 

JXospyros Z^otus 

S&lvia triloba 

i%16rois firutic^ and 
lanata 

Satureja capitata 

Mbtns &lba 

Cfltis anstralia 

Plnus Pinister 

Tlii^a occidentidis 

Ywca glori^sa 

Adieus hypoglossum 

J?^aba 

C^rasus Chamsec&asus 

Lonicera nigra 

S^^rifiga Yul^is Persia, or probably Hun- 

garv^ of which country it has been latdy discovered 
to be also a native {BoL Mag.^ 8278^ and GarrL 
Mag.j ix. 706«) Gerard 

fhill^ea angustifi^lja, and the varieties, m^ia, virg&ta, 
p^ndula, olesefi&lia, /igustrif&lia, Lae^is, dicifoliay 
latif&lia, and obliqua S. of Eu. Earl of Essex 

Periploca ffrse'^ca Syria Gerard 

5&lvia officm&lis South of Europe Gerard 

Italy Gerard 

Spain Gerard 



Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Cierard 
(MiUer) 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 

Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerald 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 
Gerard 



fit^rax ofiicindle 
iMpbne Gnidium 



It will be observed, from the foregoing list, that the date of 
the first introductionj or rather, that of the first mention made 
in booksy of foreign woody plants in England, is 1^48, when 



OSA^ It. BRmSn fSLANDS. ^ ' 9^^ 

sixteen were introdaced. Among these were the swe^t bayv'*^ 
almond, the apricot, the pomegranate, the mulberry, the pla- 
tanns, die stone pine, the common spruce fir, the cypress, and 
the savin juniper. The names of the introducers, or first cul- 
tivators, are almost entirely unknown, and, indeed, it is probable 
that most of the plants named at this early period had been in 
the country many years previously; some of them, as the rose- 
mary, the thyme, the southernwood, the sweet bay, the apricot, 
&C., possibly fi'om the time of the Romans ; or, at all events, 
from the period of the establishment of religious houses in 
England. Among these plants, there are only two fi*om ultra- 
£un^)ean countries : the almond, firom Barbary ; and the jas- 
mine, firom the East Indies. 

From 1551 to 1596, during the reign of Mary and the 
greater part of that of Elizabeth, twenty-four plants were first 
recorded, among which were the peach, the nectarine, and the 
walnut, from Persia ; and the damask rose, the quince, and the 
Qp^rcus /^lex. The names of the introducers are not known, 
with few exceptions ; such as that of Hugh Morgan, apothecary 
to Queen Elizabeth ; Gray, a London apothecary, mentioned by 
L'Obel; L'Obel, a Fleming, who was afterwards botanist to 
James I.; and Dr. Grindal, who was bishop of London, and after- 
wards archbishop of York and Canterbury, during the greater 
part of the reign of Elizabeth. From 1 596 to the end of the 
century, forty-six different species were introduced, and upwards 
of thirty of these were first recorded by Gerard. Among these 
were, the English and Scotch laburnums, the althaea fi'utiex, the 
Judas tree; the musk, the yellow and the hundred-leaved roses; 
the cotoneaster, Christ's thorn, Cornus mds, the common syringa) 
the laurustinus, the lilac, and the phillyrea. Most of these are ' 
fix>m the continent and south of Europe; and there are, in this 
period, also, the arbor vitai and the yucca, from North America. 

Thus, the total number of foreign w:oody plants which are 
known to have been cultivated in Britain during die 16th cen- 
tury is only eighty-four, exclusive of two varieties of the lau- 
rnstinus, and nine of the phillyrea. 

'It is impossible, at this distance of thne, to ascertain the names 
of all the persons to whom we are indebted for the introduction 
of these plants ; but it is certain that the merit of the first 
cultivation of the greater part of them bdongs decidedly to 
Gerard. 

John Gerard, Pulteney informs us, was bom at Nantwich in 
Cheshire, in 1545, educated as a surgeon, and patronised in 
London by Lord Burleigh, who had at that time the best col- 
lection of plants in the Kingdom. Gerard superintended this 
nobleman's garden, which was in the Strand; Gerard himself 
living in Holbom, where he bad a physic garden, considerifd 



40 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART K 

to b0 at that time the most remarkable in England for the 
number and variety of its productions. This garden appears by 
the old maps to have been situated on the brow of the hill be- 
tween what is now Ely Place, and what was formerly the Fleet 
River, but what is now called Field Lane, the stream being 
arched over. Gerard appears to have practised as a surgeon 
and apothecary, supplying his prescriptions from his garden. 
He was the author of several works, the principal of which are 
bis Catalogue and his Herbal, The first edition of the former is 
dedicated to Lord Burleigh, and the second to Sir Walter 
Raleigh. .It enumerates nearly 1100 sorts of plants, of foreign 
and domestic growth, all of which (as attested by L'Obel) were 
to be found in his garden in Holborn. Gerard died about the 
year 1607, highly respected by the college of physicians and by 
all his contemporaries. 



SuBSECT. 3. Of the Foreign Trees and Shrubs introduced into Britain 

in the \lih Centuri^, 

Tr A DESCANT appears to have come to England towards the 
end of the preceding century. Wood says he was a Dutchman ; 
that he was in the service of Lord Treasurer Salisbury, Lord 
Wootton, and the Duke of Buckingham ; and that, about 1629, 
be obtained the title 6f gardener to Charles I. He is said to 
have travelled over a great part of Europe, and to have gone into 
Barbary, Greece, Egypt, and other Elastern countries, in c|uest 
of plants and natural curiosities. He had a garden at Lambeth, 
and a museum there; in the former of which he cultivated many 
plants, and, as appears by a Catalogue published by his son, in 
16.56, some trees and shrubs. Tradescant's garden and mu- 
seum were probably not commenced till after he had retired 
from the service of private noblemen, and entered into that of 
the king, which would give its origin about 1630. Trades- 
cant's son travelled in Virginia, and introduced various new 
plants from that country. Tradescant, senior, died about 1652. 
.Tradescant's garden was visited, in 1749, by Dr. Mitchell 
and Dr. (afterwards Sir) William Watson, F.R.S. ; but at that 
distant period they found very few trees. Among these, bow- 
ever, were Schub^rtm disticha, Robinm Pseud-v^c^cia ; /Zhimnus 
cathfirticus, about 20 ft. high, and nearly a foot in diameter; an 
^ristolc>chia, and several mulberry trees. {Phih Trans. Abr.j 
X. 740.) These were but a few of the species of trees cultivated 
by Tradescant; as appears by the Catalogue publislied by 
bis son, and by the list at the end of this section. 

From a memorandum by Dr. Gray, in his copy of the Horti 
Megii HamptoniensiSj &c., now in the British Museum, we learn 
that many of the plants enumerated in that catalogue W€re 



CHAP. II. BRITISH ISLANDS. 41 

brought from Soesdyke in Holland, the seat of Mr. Bentiocky 
afterwards Earl of Portland. The gardens of Holland were 
at that time the richest in Europe. 

The great introducer of foreign trees in this century was Dr. 
Compton, who was the bishop of London from 1675 to 171d» 
and who may truly be said to have been the father of all that 
has since been done in this branch of rural improvement. 
Bishop Compton was the youngest son of Spencer, Earl of 
Northampton ; he was made bishop of Oxford in 1674, and 
was translated to the see of London in the following year* 
He was a zealous protestant and a most excellent man. He 
lived a retired life at Fulham, attending to his episcopal duties 
and to his garden. 

In the 32d book of Ray's Historia Plantarum^ written in 1686f 
in which he treats of plants imperfectly known, there is a chapter 
on the rare tr^es and shrubs which he saw in the garden of 
Bishop Compton at Fulham« Among these are enumerated 
the tulip tree, the magnolia, the sassafras, the tree angelica 
( Aralia spinosa), the hickory, the box elder, the liquidambar, the 
Constantinople nut, some species of Cratse^gus, some of i^hiis, 
some of Corn us, and some of ^'triplex. Bishop Compton died 
in 1713, at the age of 81 years. His garden was visited by Sir 
William Watson in 1751, 48 years after his death; and he gave 
the following account of this bishop and his garden to the 
Royal Society: — "Dr. Henry Compton," he observes, '^planted 
a greater variety of curious exotic plants and trees, than had at 
that time been collected in any garden in England. This ex* 
cellent prelate presided over the see of London from the year 
1675 to 1713 ; during which time, by means of a large corre- 
spondence with the principal botanists of Europe and Aroerica, 
he introduced into England a great number of plants, but more 
especially trees, which had never been seen here before^ and 
described by no author ; and in the cultivation of these (as we 
are informed by the late most ingenious Mr. Ray) he agreeably 
spent such part of his time as could most conveniently be 
spared from his other more arduous occupations. From this 
prelate's goodness, in permitting, with freedom, persons curious 
in botany to visit his garden, and see therein what was to be 
found nowhere else ; and from his zeal in propagating botanical 
knowledge, by readily communicating to others, as well to 
foreigners as to our own countrymen, such plants and seeds as 
he was in possession of, his name is mentioned with the greatest 
encomiums by the botanical writers of his time; viz., by Hermann, 
Ray, Plukenet, and others. As this prelate's length of life and 
continuance in the see of London were remarkable, so we find 
the botanists, who wrote after Mr. Ray, most frequently men* 
tioning in their works the new accessions of treasures to Ais 



42 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART I. 

flftrdea; and of this yon meet with a great variety of examples in 
tne treatises of Dr. Plukenet, Hermann, and Commelyn. Botani- 
cal much more even than other worldly affairs are subject to 
Seat fluctuations, and this arises not only from the natural 
icay of vegetables, and their being injured by the variety of 
seasons, but also from the genius and disposition of the pos- 
sessors of them. So, here, upon the death of Bishop Compton, 
ail the green- house plants and more tender exotic trees were, as 
I am informed by Sir Hans Sloane, given to the ancestor of 
the present Earl Tylney at Wanstead. And as the successors 
of this bkhop in the see of London were more distinguished 
for their piety and learning than for their zeal in the promotion 
of natural knowledge, the curiosities of this garden were not 
attended to, but left to the management of ignorant persons ; 
so that many of the hardy exotic trees, however valuable, were 
removed to make way for the more ordinary productions of the 
kitchen*garden." {Phil. Trans.9 xlvii. 243.) 

Coiiinson, speaking of Bishop Robinson, Dr. Compton's suc- 
cessor, says, he was a man of ^^ no such taste" as Bishop Comp- 
ton. *^ He allowed his gardener to sell what he pleased, and 
often spoiled what he could not otherwise dispose of. Many 
fine trees, come to great maturity, were cut down, to make room 
for produce for the table. Furber of Kensington, and Gray of 
Fulham, augmented their collections from this source, with 
plants not otnerwise to be procured." 

The following are the principal trees and shrubs which Sir 
William Watson found in the bishop's garden in 1751 :•— 

Acerinea. A^cer rubrum, ^latanbides ; Negindo yraxini- 
fiolium. 

Hippocasidnea^ Pav/a ri^bra. 

Terebinthdcea. Pistacia officin&rum, i^hiis typhina. 
. JL^gumindste. Robinm Pseiid-ildtcia, Gleditschia triacantbos, 
C^timis alpinusy Ci^rcis jSiliquastrum* 

An^dalat. Ci^rasus Lauroc^rasus. 

Vomacea. Jlf(§spilu877runif61ia? 

'Erieacea. ■ ^"rbutus LTnedo. 

JEJmidoe€^. iDio8p;^ros virginiana. 

Qledosie. CTraus europai a, rotundiiolia ; Syringa p^rsica 
liar, hci^ata, 

laaurinea. Z^urus Benzoin. 

Vlmdcete. Ctitis* 

,iugt&ndea^ tttglans nigra. 

Qipulffine. QjaJbrcus iSuber, Tlext &lba; Corylus rostr^? 

Coni/ira. C^rus Libtoi, JLkr'ns. europse'^a; Pinus Pioeti, 
Pinaster; /Tbiesi Picea; Ciipressus, the male cypress, the 
female cypress 4 Jiiniperus virgiiii^na. 
,.< 8mH4c^* . . • JB^scus bypogl^Mim, racemosus. r 



CHAP. II. 



BRmfiH ISLANDS. 



45 



These articles belong to 15 orders^ or natural groups, and in- 
clude 34* trees and shrubs. 

A survey of the old trees at Fulham Palace was made by 
Lysons in 179S» and again in 1809, and published in Lysons's 
Environs of London ; by which it appears that several of the 
trees mentioned by Sir William Watson were still in existence, 
and in a growing state. The girts of the following trees, taken 
at these two different periods, are here given from Lysons, as 
taken at 3 ft. from the ground, to which we have added the 
dimensions of such as are now (January, 1 835) still in existence^ 
which we are enabled to do through the kindness of Dr. Blom* 
fieldy the present bishop. We saw the trees ourselves ill 
October last, and found most of those below mentioned still in 
a growing state, with some robinias and others in a state of 
venerable decay. 









Conpiitcd 


Girt in 


Girt in 


Girt in 


Heichtin 
1798&18tt. 


1793. 


1800. 


la^ft. 


ft in. 


ft. in. 


ft. in. 


feet 


6 4 


7 14 


..M 


45 


4 3 




-— 


40 


11 2 


11 5i 


14 6 


70 


7 11 


8 IJ 


11 5 


70 


8 


9 1 


10 3 


50 


-» 


8 4 


9 5 


50 


2 3 


— 


— 


30 


2 5 


^_ 


,._ 


20 


10 


10 1 


11 10 


80 



Neg&ndo ^axinifdlium, or ash»leaved 

maple, planted in 1688 
iTcer rubrum, scarlet-flowered maple 
Juglans nigra, black walnut tree 
Queens diba, white oak 
Qu^cus i^lex, evergreen oak 
Quercus i^uber, cork tree 
Cupressus sempervirens, upright cypress 
Junlperus virgini^na, Virginian red 

cedar - - . - 

i%iu8 Pinaster, cluster pine 



" There were also," says Mr. Lysons, in 179S, " the Qu^txms 
5iiber, theC^tisus Zabdrnum, the Robinta Pseud-./lckcia, and the 
Pinus C%drus, mentioned by Sir William Watson. The cedar 
of Lebanon was first planted at Fulham in 168S ; the largest, of 
two measured in 1793, was cMily 7 feet 9 inehes in girt.''^ 
^< Near the porter's lodge,'' he continues, *^ are some limev of 
great age, one of which measured, in 1793, IS feet S inches -in 
girt. It is most probable that they were planted by Bishop 
Compton about the year of the Revolution (1688)^ wheh^&e 
iashion of planting avenues of limes was introduced into this 
country from Holland, where they ornamented the Prioce ^ 
Orange's palaces." t 

*^ Upon visiting the gardens at Fulham again in ISOd," 
Lysons observes, ^^ I could not find the Qipressus semper- 
virens, the t/uniperus virginiana, or the ^"cer rubrum. The 
following trees still remain, and they will no doubt be re- 
garded with veneration by the botanist, as the parent stocks^ 
of their respective races in the kingdcnn. The jtcm NegAndt^^ 
the girt of which, at three feet irom the -groundy i# now 



44 HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART J. 

(1809) 7 ft. IJ in.; the Juglans nigra, 11 ft. 5| in.; the 
Pinus Pinaster, 10 ft. 1 in. ; the Quercus /Mex, 9 ft. 1 in.; the 
Qu^rcus kiba, 8 ft. 1 ^ in. ; the Quercus 5uber, of which I had 
not a satisfactory measure in 1793, is now (1809) 8 ft. 4 in. in 
girt; the largest cedar now measures 8 ft. 8| in. in girt; 
another, in a court of the palace, about 7 ft. : it is probable that 
the latter has been lessened in girt, from having been drawn 
lip by its situation to a remarkable height. The lime tree above 
mentioned now measures ]4 ft. 1 in. in girt. The Cytisus 
Z^abdrnum is an old decayed tree in the close (without the 
lodge) near the moat, about 3 ft in girt. Tliere are two of the 
Robinm Pseud-^cacia, one near the porter's lodge, and one on 
the lawn near the moat ; they are both in a state of great 
decay, and their trunks in such a state as not to admit of mea- 
surement." 

All the trees mentioned in the above extract, except those 
contained in the table, the large limes, the remains of the 
robinia, and one or two others, are decayed or taken down ; the 
grounds having undergone several alterations during the occu- 

?ancy of Bishop Porteus, between 1800 and 1816. Both Bishop 
^orteus and the present bishop have added considerably to the 
collection. 

It would be interesting to know the means by which Bishop 
Compton procured his trees and shrubs from America, and who 
were the botanical collectors of that day. Several may have 
existed whose names are now lost. It appears highly probable 
that most of the American trees and plants at Fulham were intro- 
duced by the Rev. John Banister, who was sent by the bishop as 
a missionary to Virginia. John Banister, according to Dr. Pul- 
teney {Sketches, &c., vol. i.), was one of the first British collectors 
in North America. He published a Catalogue of the plants he ob- 
served there, dated 1680. He is mentioned repeatedly by Ray, 
as having introduced many plants. Banister was one of the early 
martyrs to natural history, having, in one of his excursions, fallen 
from a rock and perished. His Catalogtie will be found in the 
•econd volume of Ray's Historia Plnntarum, and several of his 
papers are published in the Philosophical Transactions* Pluke- 
net, describing the Azklea viscosa, says that a drawing of it, by 
his own hand, was sent by him to Bishop Compton, his patron. 

The name of Evelyn is well known, as belonging to this cen- 
tory. His Si^lva was published in Idd^, from which, and from 
his Calendarium Hortense^ it appears that the number of species 
and varieties of trees and shrubs in the London gardens was 
then extremely limited. In one of the later editions of the S^va, 
Evelyn mentions the tulip tree as having been introduced by 
Tradescant. His description of the tree is curious. He says, 
** they have a poplar in Virginia of a very peculiar-shaped letX, 



CHAP. II. BRITISH ISLANDS. , 45 

as if the point of it were cut off, which gi'ows very well with the 
curious amongst us to a considerable stature. I conceive it was 
first brought over by John Tradescant, tinder the name of the 
tulip tree (from the likeness of its flowers), but is not, that I 
find, taken notice of in any of our herbals. I wish we had 
more of them." (SylvOj edit. 1670.) The tulip tree was at 
that time known through all the English settlements by the 
title of poplar. (Hwite?s Evelyn^ i. 207.) Hermann says that 
he observed in the park of the Duke of Norfolk, five or six 
miles [Dutch miles] from London [? Deep^ene], a tulip tree 
which had been planted there twenty years before, but which 
bad never flowered or borne fruit. {HorL Acad, Lugd. Bat. 
Cat. 1687, p. 615.) At Say's Court, Deptford, one of Evelyn's re- 
sidences, he is said to have had a variety of trees; but GibsoDi 
who visited it in 1691, after Evelyn had left it, found only the 
phillyrea and the holly : of the former, Evelyn had four large 
round and smoothly clipped plants, on naked stems ; and of the 
latter, a hedge, 400 ft. long, 9 ft.- high, and 5 ft. in diameter. 
Evelyn was very proud of this hedge, and mentions it more 
than once in his writings. It was ruined by Peter the Great, 
who, having taken the house at Say's Court, to be near the 
Deptford dockyards, had himself wheeled through this hedge in 
a wheelbarrow for amusement ! Evelyn planted cedars, pines, 
silver firs, ilexes, and walnuts at Wooton, some of which we 
found still remaining there in 1830. Evelyn, however, was more 
anxious to promote the planting of valuable indigenous trees, 
than to introduce foreign ones. 

Gibson, who made a tour through the gardens about London 
in 1691, which was published from his MS. many years after- 
wards in the Archceologia^ tells us that he found Sir William 
Temple's garden, at West Sheen, to excel in orange trees and 
other '* greens," as evergreen shrubs were called at that time: 
Among these '^ greens," Italian bays, laurustinuses, and striped 
hollies were included. Sir Henry Capell is said to have had 
as *^ curious greens, in his garden at Kew, as any about London." 
His two lentiscus trees (Pistacia Z^entiscus) for which he paid 
40/. to Versprit, were said to be the best in England. He had 
four white*striped hollies, about 4 feet above their cases, k^ 
^< round and regular," which cost him 5/. a tree ; and sbc laurus- 
tinuses, with " large, round, equal heads, very flowery and 
showy." " In the garden of Sir Stephen Fox, at Chiswick 
(which, though only of five years' standing, is brought to great 
perfection for the time), are two myrtle hedges about S ft. high. 
They are protected in winter with cases of boards paintra." 
Sir Josiah Child's plantations of walnuts and other trees, at 
Wanstead, are said by Gibson to be ^^ much more worth seeing 
than his gardens, which are but indifferent." ^^ Captain Foster's 



46 HISTORY AMD GEOGRAPHY OF TREES. PART I. 

gaiden at Lambeth,'' Gibson observes, *' has many cariosities 
in it, and perhaps the finest striped holly hedge in England* 
He has many myrtles, not the greatest, but cut in the moot 
fimciful shaped that are anywhere to be seen. He has a walk 
arched over with trelliswork, and covered with vines, which, 
with others running on most of his walls, without prejudice to 
his lower trees, 3deld him a deal of wine." 

The commercial gardeners at this time (1691) are thus enn^ 
merated by Gibson : — London and Wise had the only extensive 
nursery ; Versprit excelled in hollies and <^ greens." Ricketta 
and Pearson were small cultivators for sale. The latter had 
^ abundance of cypresses, which, at S ft. high, he sold for 4d. 
apiece ; and, being moderate in his prices, and very honest in his 
dealings, he got much chapmanry." 'Darby, at Hoxton, is said 
** to be master of several curious greens that other sale gardens 
want" Darby is said to have raised many striped hollies by in- 
oculation ; and Captain Foster (who appears also to have sold or 
exchanged his garden productions) to nave propagated the same 
plants by grafting. Darby also kept a book of dried specimens 
of plants, to show to his customers. Clements, at Mile End, 
had many curious ^* greens ,'' and, the year that Gibson visited 
him (1691), made *^ white muscadine, and white Frontiffnac 
wine," better than any he (Gibson) had elsewhere tasted, it is 
wordiy of remark, that all these ** sale gardeners'' had green- 
houses, and that they piqued themselves principally upon their 
plants in pots and on their florists' flowers. It is singular that 
Gibson does not speak of the Bishop of London's garden, 
though it must have been in its state of greatest perfection at the 
time lie wrote; and also that he barely mentions the nursery of 
Messrs. London and Wise, which, Evelyn informs us, in the 
preface to his translation of Quintinye's Complete Gardener^ 
published in 1701, *^ far surpassed all the others in England 
put together." 

The Brompton Park Nursery may, indeed, be considered as 
the first establishment of the kind which became celebrated. It 
was founded by Messrs. Cooke, Lucre, London, and Field, in 
1681. Lucre, or Lukar, was gardener to the Queen Dowager 
at Somerset House ; Field was gardener to the Earl of Bedford, 
9t Bedford House in the Strand ; Moses Cooke was gardener to 
rJie Earl of Essex, at Cashiobuiy, and author of a work entitled 
The Manner of raising Forest TreeSf &c., 4to, 1676. <jleorm 
London was gardener to Bishop Compton, and afterwards 
chief gardener first to William and Mary, and afterwards to 
Queen Anne. Lukar died in 1686 : Cooke and Co. sncoeedad. 
Cooke retired in 1689, when Henry Wise, who had been an 
a ppre nt ice to Rose, the royal gardener, as London had alao 
been, became the sole proprietor. In 169S--4, he entered 



C:hAP. II. BBITI8H ISLANDS. 47 

into a new parlxiorship with London. At that time the grounds 
exceeded 100 acres in. extent. This nursery passed, sucoes- 
siveljy from London and Wise, in 1701, to Swinhoe ; in 1714, to 
Smtth Mid Co. ; in 1 756, to Jeffries ; in 1 788, to Jeffries and 
Gra J ; at the death of Jeffries, to Gray and Wear ; afterwards 
tx> Gray, Wear, and Co. ^ then to Gray, Son, and Brown; and, 
lastly^ to Gray and Son, in whose occupation it still (18S5)is. 
The grounds are now rediiced to tliirty acres. In the time of 
Ix>ndon and Wise, it was thus spoken of by Evelyn, in the 
prefiice before alluded to : — ^^ The proprietors, Mr. George 
Xiondon, chief gardener to their majesties, and his associate^ 
'Sdr*. Henry Wise, are recommended for their assiduity and 
industry ; they have not made gain the only mark of their 
pains, but with extraordinary and rare industry endeavoured 
tjo improve themselves in the mysteries of tlieir profession; 
from the great advantages and now long experience they have 
liad, in being employ^ in most of the celebrated gardens 
and plantations which this nation abounds in, besides what they 
liave learned abroad, where horticulture is in high reputation." 
He adds, ** the grounds and gardens of noblemen and persons 
of quality, which they have planted ab arigine% and which are 
still under their care and attention, justify what I have said 
in their behalf/' Bowack, who wrote an account of the parish 
of Kensington in 1705, says, '^ that some aiErm that if the 
stock of these nurseries were valued at one penny per plant, the 
amount would exceed 40,000/." London and Wise, in 1694, em- 
ployed twenty men in their nursery and two. women. The fore- 
xnan had liSx. a week, the other men had 8s., and the women 4f. 
Botanic gardens began to be established in England about the 
middle of this century ; and they contributed to Uie introduction 
of hardy trees and shrubs, as well as of herbaceous plants and 
exotics. The oldest botanic gardens in En)[;land are those of 
Oxford and of Chelsea. Eve^^n visited the latter in 1685, and 
mentions, as rarities, a tulip tree and a tea shrub. Many 
private botanic gardens were also founded during this centuiyf 
^mong these were tlie gardens of Ray, in Essex ; of the 
JDuchess of Beaufort, at Badmington, in Gloucestershire; of 
Sir Hans Sloane, at Chelsea ; of Dr. Uvedale, at Enfield, Jtc. 
The catalogues of these gardens, in the libraries of the Linncaa 
Society and of the British Museum, show tliat they contained 
various foreign trees and shrubs. Dr. Uvedale's garden, Gib- 
son informs us, " chieflv excelled in exotic greens and orange 
trees, for which he had six or seven houses or roomsteads." 
Gibson adds, ^^ that he understood the culture of particular 
T)lants, but had no taste for the disposition of his garden/' We 
learn from Miller, that Dr. Uvedale had a fine cedar tree, which, 

E 



48 HISTORY AND GE0GRAPU7 OF TREES. PART I. 

in ] 788, was 45 (I. d in. high, though 9 ft. bad been broken off 
by the wind. Lysons saw this tree in 1809, and found the girt 
of it, at S ft. 10 in. from the ground (not being able to measure 
lower, on account of a seat which was fixed round it), to be 
IS ft. 1 in. Dr. Uvedale was bom in 1642 ; he became master 
of the grammar school at Enfield about 1670, and died in 
1722. He is said to have devoted so much of his time to his 
garden, as to be threatcTied with being removed from his situ- 
ation by the authorities who had appointed him. 

Dr. May, the present master of the grammar school at 
Enfield, says there is a tradition that one of Dr. Uvedale's 
scholars, who travelled, had a commission from the doctor to 
bring a plant of the cedar of Lebanon from Mount Lebanon, 
and that he brought the tree now standing. Dr. May had it 
measured in 1821, for the History of Enfield; and, the tree being 
in a state of decay, its dimensions at the present time (January, 
1855) are much the same as they were then. The tree lost one 
of its leading branches in November 1794, previously to which 
its general form was that of an inverted cone. It w^a then, and 
is now, 64 ft. 8 in. high; the girt at one foot fi'om the ground, 
in 1821, was 19 ft. 9 in. ; and the girt is now (1855) 15 ft. 8 in.^ 
at 5 ft. from the ground ; at 6 ft., 14 ft:. There is a portrait of 
the Enfield cedar in Strutt's Sylva Britannicaj and the measure-^^ 
ments, as taken for us, with the kind permission of Dr. May, 
will be found in detail in the Gardener^s Magazine^ vol. xi. 

The trees and shrubs introduced or cultivated by the curators 
or proprietors of these different gardens, and others which we 
have mentioned, will be found in the list which concludes this 
section, in which the names of Dr. Compton, Oerard, L'Obel, 
Parkinson, Tradescant, Sutherland, Uvedale, and Sir Hans 
Sloane, will be found frequently to occur. 

In Scotland there appears to have been some taste for botany 
towards the end of this century, as Patrick Murray had a coU 
lection of a thousand plants at Livingstone, and Dr. Balfour 
founded the botanic garden of Edinbui^h in 1680. The curator 
of the botanic garden at Edinburgh, James Sutherland, was an 
excellent botanist, and by his correspondents introduced many 
foreign plants into the garden. It is remarkable that in this 
garden the cedar of Lebanon was introduced in 168S, the same 
year in which it is mentioned as having been planted by Biahop 
Compton at Fulham, and in the Chelsea Botanic Garden* 

In Ireland, Sir Arthur Rawdon, struck with the collection of 
plants in the garden of his countryman, Dr. (afterwtirds Sir) 
Hans Sloane, of Chelsea, sent a gardener, who had been a ool«* 
lector for Sir Hans Sloane, to Jamaica, who brought back a 
shipload of plants to Moira, where various hardy foi'eign trees 
were introduced, and kept in good order for several years. 



CHAP. II. 



BRITISH ISLANDS. 



49 



The }dace is now in the possession of Sir Robert Bateson, but 
we belieTe it has been long since dismantled. 

The trees and shrubs introduced into England in the 17th 
centuryi according to the Hortus Kesoensis^ were as follows : — 



1603. 
1616. 
16S9. 



16dS. 

16S6. 
1640. 



.^ies Picea Germany Serjt. Newdigate 

SkhisL grandifl6ra South of Europe L'Obel 

Cistus ladaniferus Spain (Parkinson) 

Cistus c^prius Greece (Parkinson) 

.^sculus Hippocastanum Asia (Parkinson) 



Ampelopsis Aederacea 
Cori^ria myrtifolia 
iZhimnus yflatemus 
iZhamnus CMlsU 
JRhus typhina 
C^aisus sessilifiblius 
/26sa turbinslta 
126sa sempervlrens 
2?6sa sulphi^rea 
C<6rasu8 Lauroc6rasus 
Cerasus serotina 
Cratae'^gus i^racintha 
Lonicertz ceerulea 
J9eliclirysum Stce^chas 
jDiosp^ros virginiana 
ilforus rubra 
Ji^glans nigra 
Ci^rya Uba. 
Xiirix europae^a 
jSlae^gnus angustif()lia 
Zraiirus Sissajtas 
Coronillajiincea 
Cistus vill6sus 
jFfyp^ricum hircinum 
Staphyl^ trifolia 
iZhiis Toxicodendron 
Gelsemium sempervirens 



(Parkinson) 
(Parkinson) 
Parkinson 
Parkinson 
(Parkinson) 
(Parkinson) 



North America (Parkinson) 
South of Eu. Parkinson 
South of Eu. 
South of Eu. 
North America 
Italy 

Cont. of Eu. 
South of Eu. . 
Levant J. de Franqueville 
Levant James Cole 

North America (Parkinson) 
South of Eu. (Parkinson) 
Switzerland (Parkinson) 
Cont. of Eu. (Parkinson) 
North America (Parkinson) 
North America (Parkinson) 
North America (Parkinson) 
North America (Parkinson) 
Germany ( Parkinson ) 

S. of Europe Parkinson 
North America Wilmot 
France J. Tradescant, jun. 
South of Eu. (Parkinson) 
South of Eu. (Parkinson) 
N. Amer. J. Tradescant 
North America (Parkinson) 
North America Parkinson 



^str^galus TVagac^ntha South of Eu. (Parkinson) 



^str^alus /bterium 
C^tisus trifl6rus 
Robin/a Pseud-yfcacia 
5pirae^a ^ypericifolia 
Cratse^gus Azarolus 
St^inga persica 
Staehelina dubia 
Dor^cnium rectum 
Artemisia arbor^scens 



B 2 



Levant ' (Parkinson) 

Spain ( Parkinson ) 

N. Amer. J. Tradescant 
North America (Parkinson) 
S. of Eu. J. Tradescant, jun. 
Persia J. Tradescant 

Continent of Europe (Park.) 
South of Eu. (Parkinson) 
Levant (Pa\V\wso\C^ 



50 
1640. 



HISTORY AND GEOORAPHY OF TREES. 



PART I. 



1648. 



1656. 



1658. 
1661. 

1663. 

1664. 

1665. 
1680. 
1683. 



Plantago afra 
Tecoma radicans 
2Szyphus vulgaris 
Daphnie Tartonrdira 
^'triplex J/alirous 
Pl&tanus occidentiLlis 
Schubert/^ disticha 
J?uscus hypoph;^llum 
Cistus albidus 
F'ltis laciniosa 
Cerasus lusit^nica 
£rica mediterr^nea 
5milax ^spera 
Cistus laxus 
Cistus crispus 
Cistus jK)pulif61ius 
Cistus hirsi^tus 
Cistus corborii6nsis 
Cistus monspeli^nsis 
jfcex rxibrum 
Vi{\s vulpina 
J^'itis Zabrusca 
Pistacia Terebinth us 
22hus C6tinus 
Caprifolium semper virens 
Celtis occidentalis 
c/uglans cin^rea 
lEhododendron hirsutum 
Jasniinum humile 
Pol^gala Chamaebuxus 
Phlomis purpurea 
Phlomis it^lica 
Liriodendron Tulipifera 
Pistucia Lentiscus 
Juniperus virginiana 
Smilax Sarsaparilla 
Corylus Col6rna 
Ononis frutic6sa 
-/4^cer jE^latanbides 
JSuonymus americsLnus 
jRhdmnus infectorius 
226sa alpina 
^mygdalus pumila 
^mjrgdalus nana 
Cratae^gus coccinea 
Pyrus Chamtem^spilus 
Corn us sericea 



Sicily (Parkinson) 

North America Parkinson 
South of Eu. (Parkinson) 
France . (Parkinson) 

Spain ( Parkinson ) 

N.Amen J.Tradescant,jun. 
N. Amer. J. Tradescant, jun. 
Italy Parkinson 

Spain (Parkinson) 

Cont. of Eu. Oxford Gar. 
Portugal Oxford Garden 
Portugal Oxford Garden 
S. of Eu. Oxford Garden 
Spain John Tradescant 

Portugal John Tradescant 
Spain John Tradescant 

Portugal J. Tradescant, jun. 
Spain J. Tradescant, jun. 
Spain John Tradescant 

N.Amer. J. Tradescant, jun. 
N.Amer. J. Tradescant, jun. 
N. Amer. J. Tradescant, jun. 
S. of Eu. J. Tradescant 
S. of Eu. J. Tradescant 
N. Amer. J. Tradescant, jun. 
N. Amer. J. Tradescant 
N.Amer. J. Tradescant, jun. 
Switzld. J. Tradescant, jun. 
S. of Eu. J. Tradescant, jun. 
Austria Oxford Garden 
S. of Eu. Edward Morgan 
Italy Edward Morgan 

N. Amer. Earl of Norfolk 
S. of Europe (Evelyn) 

North America Evelyn 

North America Evelyn 

Constantinople John Rea 
South of France (Morrison) 
S. of Eu. Jas. Sutherland 
N. Amer. Jas. Sutherland 
S. of Eu. Jas. Sutherland 
Switzerland Jas. Sutherland 
China (Ray) 

Russia Jas. Sutherland 

N. Amer. Bishop Compton 
Pyrenees James Sutherland 
N. Amer. Bishop Compton 



CHAP. n. 



BRITISH ISLANDS. 



51 



168S. 



1688. 



1690. 
1691. 



1692. 



1693. 
1696. 



1697. 
1699. 



1700. 



Sides reclinatum Germany 

^^ccharis /lalimifolia N. Amer. 
Santolina rosmarinifolia S. of Eu. 
Z>orycniiim hirsutum S. of Eu. 
Zfithosp^rmum frutic6sum S. of Eu. 
Z^aiirus Betizoin 
Quercus coccifera 
Liquidambar styraciflua 
Pin us halepensis 
C^drus Libani 
Juniperus phcenicea 
Magnol/a glauca 
Magnolia longifolia 
J/ypericum serpylHfblium Levant 
Neg^ndoJruximibUum N. Amer. 
22hus copallina N. Amer. 

Aralia spinosa Virginia 

5pirae^a opulifolia N. Amer. 

Menisp6rmum canadense N. Amer. 



N. Amer. 
N. Amer. 



Cratee'^gus Crus-galli 
Quercus coccinea 
jSalix babylonica 



N.Amer. 
N. Amer. 
Levant 



Populus balsamifera N. Amer. 



(7strya virgin ica 
Juniperus lycia 
i^ubus occiden talis 
Z^^cium bdrbarum 

^bies balsamifera 
Ornus rotundifolia 
Passiflora caerulea 
Phjrllis Nobla 
Salvia pomifera 
Cast^nea pumila 
Quercus Siiber 
Myrica cerifera 
Ampel6psis bipinnkta 
Gleditsclif'a triac&ntbos 
^bies £lba 
-/f bies nigra 
Pyrus arbutifolia 
P^rus melanoc&rpa 
22ubus odoratus 



J. Sutherland 
Bishop Compton 
Jas. Sutherland 
Jas. Sutherland 
Jas. Sutherland 
N. Amer. Bishop Compton 
France Jas. Sutherland 

N. Amer. Bishop Compton 
Levant Bishop Compton 
Levant Chelsea Garden 
S. of Eu. Jas. Sutherland 
Bishop Compton 
Bishop Compton 
Hon. C. Howard 
Bishop Compton 
Bishop Compton 
Bishop Compton 
Bishop Compton 
Bishop Compton 
Hon. C. Howard 
Bishop Compton 
Royal Gardens, 
Hampton Court 
Royal Gardens, 
Hampton Court 
Bishop Compton 
Jacob Bobart 
Chelsea Garden 
Royal Gardens, 
St James's 
Bishop Compton 
Italy Duchess of Beaufort 
Brazil Duchess of Beaufort 
Canaries Duch. of Beaufort 
Candia Hon. C. Howard 
N. Amer. Duch. of Beaufort 
France Duchess of Beaufort 
N.Amer. Duch. of Beaufort 
North America 
N. Amer. Bishop Compton 
N. Amer. Bishop Compton 
N. Amer. Bishop Compton 
N. Amer. Lord Clarendon 
N. Amer. 
N. Amer. Sir Hans Sloane 



N. Amer. 
S. of Eu. 
N. Amer. 
Barbary 

N. Amer. 



The total number of woody plants introduced during the 
17th century appears to be upwards of ISO. 

B S 



52 HISTORY AND GEOGIUPHY OF TREES. PAftX I* 

From the commeiicement of the seventeenth century to 16S6» 
during the reign of James I., and part of that of Charles I., 
twenty«-six plants were introduced ; all, except four, in the year 
1629. The reason why so many appear in this year is, that it 
is the date of the first edition of Parkinson's Paradisi in Sole, 
&c, in which they were first enumerated. The only introducers 
mentioned are, Mr. Serjeant Newdigate; John de Franqueville, 
a merchant in London, from whose care, Parkinson says, ^^ is 
sprung the greatest store of rare plants that is now flourishing in 
this kingdom ; " Wilmot, and Parkinson. Among the plants in- 
troduced during this period are some of considerable interest ; 
the silver fir by Serjeant Newdigate, the gum cistus, the l^orse- 
chestnut, the five-leaved ivy, the common laurel, the pyracautha, 
the red mulberry, the black walnut, and that most important 
tree, the larch : the introducers of the last eight valuable plants 
are unknown. Five of the articles are from North America, 
one from Asia, and the rest from different parts of the continent 
of Europe. Evelyn states that <* at Harefield Park} in the county 
of Middlesex, belonging to Mr. Serjeant Newdigate, there are 
two Spanish or silver firs, that being planted there in the year 
1G03, at two years' growth from the seed, are now (1679) become 
goodly masts. The biggest of them, from the gromid to the 
i^pper bough, is 8 1 ft., though forked on the top ; which has not 
a Uule impeded its growth. The girt, or circumference, below, 
is 13 ft.; and the length, so far a^ it is timber, that is to 6 in. 
square, Ls 73 ft.; in the middle it is 17 in. square; amounting by 
cijilculatiou to 1 46 ft. of good timber. The other tree is indeed 
not altpgether so large, by reason of its standing near the bpuse 
when it wqs burned about 40 years since, when one side of the 
tree was scorched." (Silva^ edit. 1706.) 

In 1640 (still during the reign of Charles I.), twenty-three 
plant;s were introduced. The authority is Parkinson's Herbal^ 
or Theatre of Plants^ published in that year. The introducers 
were^ Parkinson, Tradescant, and Tradescant junior. Among 
the articles were, the RobiinVz Pseud-^cacia, the azarole, the 
Persian lilac, the - occidental plane, and the deciduous cypress. 
Seven are from North America, and the rest from different 
parts of Europe. 

In the year 1656 (in the time of Cromwell), sixteen plants 
wexe introduced, the authority for which is the Catalogue of 
Tradescant's Museiwiy published in that year. Among the arti- 
cles are, yjfcer rubrum, the evergreen honeysuckle, the nettle 
tree, apd the grey walnut. 

From 1658 to 1683 (Charles II.), nine plants were introduced, 
by Edward Morgan, John Rea, Bishop Compton, Evelyn, and 
the Earl of Norfolk. Among these are, the^Pist^cia Z^entiscus, 



CHAP. II' BRITISH ISLANDS. S3 

the red cedar, the Constantinople nut, and the tuh'p tree. Only 
three of these are from North America. 

In 1683) twenty plants were introduced, by James Sutherland, 
first curator of the botanic garden of Edinburgh, Bishop Comp- 
ton, and Parkinson. Among these were, the ^cer ^latanbides, 
the American spindle tree, tne kermes oak, the dwarf almond, 
the scarlet thorn, the Z/a(xrus Benzoin^ the liquidambar, the 
Aleppo pine, and the cedar of Lebanon. The principal authority 
is Sutherland's Catalogue of the Plants hi the Edinburgh Botanic 
Garden^ published in 1683. 

From the year 1688 to the year 1700 inclusive (James IL, 
and William and Mary), thirty-one species were introduced, 
by Bishop Compton, the Honourable Charles Howard, the 
Duchess of Beaufort, Jacob Bobart, son of the first super- 
intendent of the Oxford Botanic Garden, and others. The au- 
thorities are to be found in Ray's Historia Plantarum^ in the 
Pkjfiagraphia of Plukenet, and in Bobarfs Historia Plantarum 
Oxaniensis. The tides of all these catalogues, and several others 
used as authorities for the dates of the introduction, or rather 
first record, of plants, are given in the preface to the second 
edition of the Hortus Kewensis. 

The botanists to whom the British arboretum was most indebted 
during the seventeenth century were, Parkinson, Tradescant 
junior, Kay, and Sutherland ; and the principal botanical ama- 
teurs were, the Bishop of London and the Duchess of Beaufort. 
Parkinson was born in 1567, and was contemporary with Gerard 
and L'Obel. He possessed a rich garden, and was appointed 
apothecary to James I. He appears to have died somewhere 
about 1650, John Tradescant junior inherited his father's 
museum, and published a catalogue of it, entitled Museum 
Tradescaniiaftum^ in 1656. He died in 1662, bequeathing the 
museum to Mr. Ashmole, who lodged in his house, and whose 
name the museum now, '^ unjustly,'' as Pulteney remarks, bears 
in Oxford, where it is deposited. John Ray was born at Black 
Notley, near Braintree in Essex, in 1628. His father, though a 
blacksmith, contrived to give him a college education. At 
college, he imbued the minds of some of his com{^nions with a 
taste for plants, and he pursued this taste himself at every leisure 
opportunity. In 1660 he was ordained deacon and priest, and 
after this time he made various journeys thix)ughout Britain, 
and visited the G>ntinent. He was the author of numerous 
works, the principal of which relating to plants are, his General 
History of Plants^ his Methodus Plantarum^ and his Synopsis 
Mcthodica Stirpium Britannicarunu He died in 1704, at his 
birthplace, at the age of 76. 



E 4 



54 HISTORY AM0^ GEOGRAPHY OF TREES* PART J. 



SuBSECT. 4. Of the Foreign Trees and Shrubs introduced inU Britain 

in the ISth Century* 

A HOST of amateurs, botanists, and commercial gardeners 
enriched the British arboretum during this century. In the 
preceding one, the taste for foreign plants was<x)nfined to a few, 
and these not the richest persons in the community; but generally 
medical men, clergymen, persons holding small situations under 
government, or tradesmen. In the 18tn century, the taste for 
planting foreign trees extended itself among the wealthy landed 
proprietors ; partly from the influence of the Princess Dowager 
of Wales, who established the arboretum at Kew, and partly 
from the display previously made by Archibald Duke of Argyle 
at Whitton, the Duke of Richmond at Goodwood, and others. 
Towards the middle of the century, the change intrcxluced in 
the taste for laying out grounds, by Pope, Addison, and K«it; 
and the circumstance that Brown, who had been a practical 
gardener, was extensively employed in remodelling country resi- 
dences according to this new taste, must have greatly contributed 
to increase the number of species employed in plantations ; and 
hence we have the collecttonsat Croome, at Syon, and at Clare- 
mont. The writings of Miller, Bradley, Swiuser, and Linnaeus, 
and the consequent spread of botanical knowledge among the 
educated classes about the middle of tlie century or before, must 
have enlightened practical men to a degree far exceeding tliat 
which had ever previously existed. 

In order to give a general view of the state of gardening in 
England in the first half of the 18th century, as far as it respects 
foreign trees, we shall begin by giving a summary notice, by 
Collinson, of the chief encouragers of gardening and planting of 
his time. Peter Collinson was born in London, in 1693 : he was 
a quaker, and a linendraper. He had a country house and 
garden, first at Peckbam in Surrey, and afterwards at Mill 
Hill, near Hendon in Middlesex. He appears to have taken 
possession of the latter place, Kidgeway House, sometime pre- 
vious to 1749. He was a great lover of animated nature in every 
form^ and in one of his letters, published by Sir James Edward 
Smith, in the Linncean Correspondence^ he declares that every 
living thing called forth his affections. In a note written in 
1768, in one of his copies of Miller's Dictionary^ which was , 
purchased from one of his lineal descendants in January 1835, 
by A. B. Lambert, Esq., and which, through the kindness of that 
gentleman, we have just seen, he declares, at the age of 68, thai 
the plants in his garden at Mill Hill furnish his greatest source 
of happiness. He died in 1768. In the year 1764, he mad6 
notes on some blank leaves in a copy of Miller's Dictionary^ and 



CRAP. II. BRITISH ISLANDS. 55 

again in 1768) in another copy of that work; and the following 
extract from those made in 1 764 is abridged from a communication 
bj A. B. Lambert, Esq , to the Linnaan Transactions^ vol. x.: — 
" The gardeners about London in 1712," he says, "were 
remarkable for fine cut greens, and dipt yews in the shapes of 
birds, dogs, men, ships, &c. Mr. Parkinson, in Lambeth, was 
much noticed for these things, and be had besides a few myrtles, 
oleanders, and evergreens. At that time, Mr. Rench, who 
lived behind the Earl of Peterborough's at Parson's Green, was 
famous for tulip trees : he began the collecting of evergreens, 
arbutuses, phillyreas, &c. ; and from him came the ffold and 
silver hedgehog holly. He gave rewards for accidental varieties 
of the common holly, and thus obtained