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gi,itltj^0l0jgia ^antiaita. 



" AJsTIQriTATES SEU HISTOETAEUM EELIQUIiE S0NT TANQUAM TABULJE 
KATJFRAGII ; CUM, DEFICIENTE ET FEEE SUBMEESA EEEXJM MEMOEIA, 
KIHILOMINTJS HOMINES INDUSTEII ET SAGACES, PEETINACI QUADAM ET 
SCRUPULOSA DILIGENTIA, EX GENEALOGIIS, FASTIS, TITULIS, MONUMENTIS, 
NUMISMATIBUS, NOMINIBUS PROPEIIS ET STYLIS, VERBOEUM ETYMOLOGIIS, 
PEOVEEBIIS, TEADITIONIBUS. AECHIVIS, ET INSTEUMENTIS, TAM PUBLICIS 
QUAM PEIVATIS, HISTOEIAEUM FEAGMENTIS, LIBEOEUM NEUTIQUAM HISTOEI- 
COEUM LOCIS DISPEESIS,— EX HIS, INQUAM, OMNIBUS VEL ALIQUIBUS, 
NONNULLA A TEMPOEIS DILUVIO ERIPIUNT ET CONSEEVANT. RES SANE 
OPEEOSA, SED MOETALIBUS GRATA ET CUM REVEREXTIA QUADAM CON- 
JUNCT A." 

" ANTIQUITIES, OE REMNANTS OP HISTOEY, AEE, AS WAS SAID, TANQUAM 
TABULA NAUFRAGII ; WHEN INDUSTRIOUS PERSONS, BY AN EXACT AND 
SCRUPULOUS DILIGENCE AND OBSERVATION, OUT OF MONUMENTS, NAMES, 
WORDS, PEOVEEBS, TEADITIONS, PRIVATE RECORDS AND EVIDENCES, FRAG- 
MENTS OP STORIES, PASSAGES OF BOOKS THAT CONCERN NOT STOEY, AND 
THE LIKE, DO SAVE AND EECOVER SOMEWHAT FROM THE DELUGE OP 
TIME." — Advancement of Learning, ii. 



3irclui*0lD|ia Ofanttaua : 



TRANSACTIONS 



OP THE 



KENT ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 




VOLUME XIV. 



Hontion : 

PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY 



MITCHELL & HUGHES, 140 WAEDOUR STREET, OXFORD STREET. 

1883. 



The Council of the Kent ArchaoJogical Society is not answerable 
for any opinions put forwardin this Work. Each Contributor is alone 
responsible for his own remarks. 



THE GETTY RESEARCH 

IMO-riTI ITir I IDOADV 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Proceedings, 1880-81: — 

23bd Aknfal Meeting and Eepoet (Tenteeden) . . . xxxix 
24th Annual Meeting and Eepoet (Canteebtjet)... xliii 
Canons' Houses at Wingham 1 

1. The Pamilt of GtUldeford. By t]ie Eev. Canon B. G. 

Jenhins 1 

2. Smaeden Church. 'Qj ihe'Rev. Francis Saslewood ... 18 

3. EoMAN Leaden Copein discoveeed at Canteebuby. 

'Bj a EoacTi Smith, F.S.A 35 

4. The Eaelt History op Tenteeden. By Bohert Furley, 

F.S.A 37 

5. Beiep Notes on the Hales Pamily. By the Eev. 

B. Cox Hales 61 

6. On some "Weought Flints found at "West Wick- 

ham. By George Clinch 85 

7. Appledoee Chuech. 'Bj t\e "Re^v. E. M. Muriel 91 

8. The Church op Stone in Oxney. By the Eev. E. M. 

Muriel 98 

9. EoMAN Foundations at St. Pancras, Canteebuey. 

By the Eev. Canon Boutledge 103 

10. St. Maetin's Chuech, Canteebuey. By the Eev. Canon 

Boutledge 108 

11. IcKHAM Church, its Monuments and its Eectoes, 

By the Eev. Canon Scott Bohertson 113 

12. A EoMAN Villa at "Wingham. By George Bowher, 

F.G.S 134 

13. St. Eadegund's Pe^monsteatensian Abbey. By W. 

H. St. John Hope, B.A 140 

14. EicHARD Tichbourne's House of Crippenden, in 

CowDEN. B^ t\e'Sie\. Cajion Scott Bohertson 153 

15. Adisham Chuech. By the B^eY. H. Montagu VilUers... 157 

16. FoETY Eectoes of Adisham. By the Eev. Canon Scott 

Bohertson 162 



VI CONTENTS. 

FlOB 

17. Pateioksbouene Chtjech, and Bifeons. By the llev. 

Canon Scott Robertson 109 

18. Municipal Aecuives of Faveesuam. By Francis F. 

Qiraud 185 

19. Briefs in the Paeisii of Ceanbeook. By W. Tarhutt 206 

20. Wills and otiiee Eecoeds eelating to the Family 

OF HoDSOLL. 'Rj James Greenstreet 223 

21. Kent Fines, 10-15 Edwaed II. By James Greenstreet 241 

22. Cueist CnuEcn, Canterbuey ; a Cheonological Con- 

spectus OF its Aechitectuee. By the Rev, Canon 
Scott Bohertson 281 

23. Intentoeies of Paeish Chuech Goods in Kent 

A.D. 1552. By the late Rev. Mackenzie Walcott and 

the 'Rex. Canon Scott Robertson 290 

24. Queen Maey's Responsibility foe Paeish Chueck 

Goods seized in 1553. By the Rev. Canon Scott 
Robertson 313 

25. ToNBEiDGE Peioey. By James F. Wadjnore, A.R.I.B.A. 326 

26. Chuech of All Saints, Woodchuech. By the Rev. 

S. B. Wells 344 

27. Rectors of Woodchuech. By the Rev. Canon Scott 

Robertson 354 

28. Haelakenden Family. By the Rev. Canon Scott 

Robertson 358 

29. Smallhythe Chuech. By the Rev. Francis Haslewood 362 

30. Chapel at Hoene's Place, Appledoee. By the Rev. 

Canon Scott Robertson 363 

31. On a Hoaed of Roman Coins found in the Sand Hills 

near Deal. By C. Roach Smith, F.S.A 368 

32. On Kentish Rood-screens. By the Rev. Canon Scott 

Robertson 370 

33. Chuech of All Saints, Eastchuech, Shepey. By 

the Rev. Canon Scott Robertson 374 

Index 389 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

♦ 

PAGB 

1. Old Houses at Wingham to face 1 

2. Pedigree of G-uldef ord , hettoeen 4 and 5 

3. Smarden Church, after restoration 18 

4. Sinarden Church, before restoration 19 

5. Ancient Fresco in Smarden Church 20 

6. Low-side Window, Sedilia, Piscina, and Perfusorium 24 

7. Grrotesque Head in Smarden Church 29 

8. Altar Presco 31 

9. Nave Reredos, Smarden Church 32 

10. Roman Coffin of Lead, found at Canterbury to face 35 

11. Tenterden Place toface 61 

12. At Tenterden Place : — the Well House, and Garden 

Arbour toface 62 

13. Portrait of old Sir Edward Hales (the first baronet) toface 64 

14. Portrait of young Sir Edward Hales (the second 

baronet) toface 68 

15. Flint Celts from West Wickham, Fig. 1. and Fig. 2 86 

16. Flint Arrowhead 87 

17. Flint Spearhead 87 

18. An Ovoid Flint from West Wickham 88 

19. Appledore Church, Altar Tomb toface 91 

20. Appledore Church, Western Doorway toface 92 

21. Two Views of the Ruins of St. Pancras Chapel, Can- 

terbury toface 103 

22. Plan of the Site of St. Pancras Chapel, Canterbury toface 104 

23. Two Views of St. Martin's Church, Canterbury toface 109 

24. Font and Piscina in St. Martin's Church, Canter- 

bury toface 110 

25. Tomb of a Knight in the South Transept of Ickham 

Church toface 119 

26. Roman Bath (at Wingham) having walls covered 

with mosaic toface 135 



Vlll ILLUSTRATIONS. 

PIGS 

27. Plan of Bath, and adjacent Eooins, of a Eoman 

Villa at Wiugham between 136 and 137 

28. Plan of St. Eadegund's Abbey behveen 144 and 145 

29. Plan of the Abbey Church of St. Radegund to face 147 

30. View of the Hall at Crippeuden, in Covvden to face 153 

31. Ancient Reredos of Wood, in Adisham Church to face 159 

32. North side of Adisham Church (exterior) 161 

33. Pedigree of HodsoU between 224 a)id 225 

34. Patriarchal Chair of the Archbishops of Canterbury to face 284 

35. Plan of the Site of Tonbridge Priory to face 326 

36. Exterior of Priory Ruins, Tonbridge, a.d. 1838 to face 336 

37. Interior of Priory Ruins at Tonbridge, a.d. 1838 ... to face 339 

38. Church of All Saints, "Woodchurch (interior) 344 

39. Church of All Saints, "Woodchurch (exterior) 353 

40. Plans, and View of the east end of Chapel at Home's 

Place, Appledore to face 363 

41. Details of Architecture in the Chapel at Home's 

Place tofaceS64< 

42. North and South Walls of the Chapel at Home's 

Place to face 365 

43. Rood-screen at Eastchurch, in Shepey to face S72 

44. Interior, and Exterior, Views of AU Saints, East- 

cburch to face 374 

45. Stone Abns-basin, on an Eastern Sepulchre, at East 

Kirkby Church, in Lincolnshire 377 



^ent ^Ircfjaeologtcal ^ociet^. 



OFFICERS, EULES, AND MEMBERS. 

1882. 



prcftiUntt. 

THE EARL AMHERST. 

FicC'lJrfsititnts. 

HIS GRACE THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY. 

TPIE LORD LIEUTENANT OF KENT— THE EARL SYDNEY, G.C.B. 

THE MARQUESS CONYNGHAM. 

THE EARL OF DARNLEY. 

THE EARL OF DARTMOUTH. 

THE EARL GRANVILLE. 

THE EARL SONDES. 

THE EARL STANHOPE. 

THE VISCOUNT CRANBROOK. 

THE VISCOUNT FALMOUTH. 

THE VISCOUNT HARDINGE. 

THE VISCOUNT HOLMESDALE. 

THE VISCOUNT LEWISHAM, M.P. 

THE RIGHT REV. THE LORD BISHOP OF ROCHESTER. 

THE LORD DE L'ISLE AND DUDLEY. 

THE LORD HARRIS. 

THE LORD BRABOURNB. 

THE LORD HOTHFIELD. 

THE RIGHT REV. THE LORD BISHOP OF DOVER. 

THE HONOURABLE J. M. O. BYNG. 

SIR E. C. DERING, BART. 

SIR EDMUND FILMER, BART., M.P. 

SIR WALTER JAMES, BART. 

SIR WYNDHAM KNATCHBULL, BART. 

SIR JOHN LUBBOCK, BART., M.P. 

SIR CHARLES H. MILLS, BART., M.P. 

SIR DAVID LIONEL SALOMONS, BART. 

SIR WALTER STIRLING, BART. 

SIR SYDNEY H. WATERLOW, BART., M.P. 

LIEUT.-GENERAL SIR EDWARD SABINE, K.C.B. 

THE VERY REV. THE DEAN OP CANTERBURY. 

THE VERY REV. THE DEAN OF ROCHESTER. 

THE VENERABLE THE ARCHDEACON OF MAIDSTONE. 

THE RIGHT HON. ALEXANDER J. B. BERESFORD-HOPE, M.P., F.S.A. 

A. AKERS-DOUGLAS, ESQ., M.P. 

GEORGE CUBITT, ESQ., M.P. 

THOMSON HANKEY, ESQ., M.P. 

SAMUEL MORLEY, ESQ., M.P. 

HENRY BRINSLEY SHERIDAN, ESQ., M.P. 

JOHN GILBERT TALBOT, ESQ., M.P. 

JAMES WHATMAN, ESQ., F.R.S., F.S.A. 

i^Ottorarg Secretary anO ©Uttor. 

THE REV. W. A. SCOTT ROBERTSON, M.A. (Hon. Canon of Canterbury), 
W/i itchall, Sittinghourne. 

(ALL THESE GENTLEMEN ARE EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL.) 



LIST OF OFFICERS. XI 



<!l?Icctcir l^emlievg of tije Council. 

Eev. J. A. Boodle West Mailing. 

Eev. R, p. Coates Darenth, Dartford. 

Kev. R. Dkake StourmoMth. 

R. FuELEY, Esq., f.s.A Ashford. 

F. F. GiRAUD, Esq Favershavi. 

J. E. Hall, Esq TxmlHdge Wells. 

G. E. HAi^NAM, Esq Bamsgate. 

J. J. Howard, Esq., ll.d., p.s.a BlacMieath. 

R. C. HusSEY, Esq., f.s.a UarlledoKn. 

Rev. Canon R. C. Jenkins Lyminge. 

Rev. E. H. Lee Chiddingstone. 

Jno. Monckton, Esq 3Jaidstone. 

G. W. Norman, Esq Bromley. 

Rev. a. J. Pearman MerstMm. 

C. R. C. Petley, Esq • Riverhead. 

Charles Powell, Esq Speldhurst. 

Rev. Canon J. C. Robertson Canterlury. 

Flaxman C. J. Spurrell, Esq Belvedere, Lessness Heath. 

J. Fremlyn Streatfeild, Esq London. 

Captain Tylden Pattenson Blddenden. 

George Payne, Esq., Jun Sittingboume. 

Henry Bacheler Walker, Esq JVew Romney. 

W. Walter, Esq Rainham. 

S^rustees. 

The Earl Amherst. 
The Lord Brabouune. 
James Whatman, Esq. 
Matthew Bell, Esq. 

^uBitors. 

R. C. HussEY, Esq., f.s.a. 
Canon Edward Moore. 

Clerlt anU Curator at piatOstonf. 

Me. Edward Bartlett, The Museum, Maidstone. 

iSauHcris. 

Messrs. Wigan, Mercer, and Co., Maidstone. 

(London Correspondents, Messrs, Smith, Payne, and Smiths.) 

Messrs. Hammond and Co., Canteriury. 

(London Correspondents, Messrs. Glyn and Co.) 



( xii ) 
HONORARY LOCAL SECRETARIES. 



^sflfot'^ Dtstt'tcl. 
J. D. Norwood, Esq Ashford. 

ISIachfieatf) anii HetDisfiam JBiiXtitX. 

Me. W. Hughes 140 Wardour Street, w. 

SAMUEL EDWARDS, ESQ ^i EUiot Parh, LcwisMm, 

JSronilej) Utstiict, 

J. W. ILOTT, Esq BeecJifieU, Bromley. 

CantciIiurB IStstrict. 

K-.H.G.EOLT rStciS„^"'*- 

Craiitroofe IBtstnct. 
Mr. T. J. Dennett Cranbrook. 

JBartfovlr IBtstrict. 
F. C. J. Spurrell, Esq Belvedere, Lessness Heath. 

Pober 2Btstrtct. 
Edward Fereand Astley, Esq., m.d. . . . Marine Parade, Dover. 

<!5astfg JBtstrtct. 

SIR WALTER James, BART ^BeUeshmiger Park, Sand- 

jfaberstiam district. 

F. F. GiRAUD, Esq South House, Favershum. 

jfolfeestone litfitrict. 
Wm. Wightwick, Esq Folkestone. 

(Krabefieni Jlistrtct. 

G. M. Arnold, Esq Gravesend. 

Ssle of Cl^anet IBtstrtct. 

n Tf TT.-.T-VT.,, -c^^ ( Brojnstoie House, Rams- 

G. E. Hannam, Esq ■[ ^^^^_ 

ILotilron, 

Mr. W. Hughes 140 Wardour Street, w. 

^atlrstone Htstttct. 
Mr. Edward Bartlett Maidstone Museum. 

iHalltng IBistrict. 
Rev. J. A. Boodle West Mailing. 

NetD Komnes Jiistrtrt. 
John Humphery, Esq New Romney. 

<Koc]&eBtci-2IIBt6trict. 
A, A, Arnold, Esq Tlie Precincts, Rochester. 



SOCIETIES IN UNION. XIU 

SanitDic]& ©istrirt. 

Rev. W. F. Sha-w Eastry, 

Sebeiioafes IBistiict. 
George F. Carnell, Esq Sevenoaks. 

Stttingioiinie Histrtct. 
Geo. Payne, Esq., Junior Sittingbotime. 

Centertreti district. 
Rev. S. C. Tress Beale Tenterden. 

©unifttrge Histrtct. 
J. F. Wadmore, Esq Tunhridge. 

JTuntrftigc 51S3en6 Wi^XxitX. 
„ f Speldhurst, Tnnhridge 

Charles Powell, Esq -j Wells. 

21iaaf6terl&am ZBtstttct. 
J. Board, Esq Westerham. 



SOCIETIES IN UNION. 

For Interchange of Publications, etc. 



The Society of Antiquaries, 

The Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain. 

The British Archteological Association. 

The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. 

The Architectural Museum, 18 Tufton Street. Westminster. 

The Numismatic Society. 

The London and Middlesex Arch^ological Society. 

The Historic Society of Cheshire and Lancashire. 

The Kilkenny and South-east of Ireland Archajological Society. 

The Lincoln Diocesan Architectural Society. 

The Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society. 

The Suffolk Institute of Archseology. 

The Surrey Arch^ological Society. 

The Sussex Archaeological Society. 

The Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society. 

The Somersetshire Archjeological and Natural History Society, Taunton Castle. 

Soci6t6 Ai'ch^ologique de Dunkerque. 

The Society of Antiquaries, Normandy. 

The Society of Antiquaries, Picardy. 

The Society of Antiquaries, Poitiers. 

The Abbeville Society of Emulation. 

The Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society (Rev. W. Bazeley, 

Matson Rectory, Gloucester). 
The Cambridge Antiquarian Society (Rev. S. S. Lewis, Corpus Christi College). 
The Powysland Club, Morris C. Jones. Esq., Gungrog, near Welshpool. 
Societa Romana di Storia Patria, Biblioteca Chigiana, Palazzo Chigi, Roma. 
The Derbyshire Archaeological Society (Arthur Cox, Esq., Mill Hill, Derby). 



.ules of t^e l^eut ^rc^ieological cS'Oxutg. 



1. The Society shall consist of Ordinary Members and Honorary 
Members. 

2. The afl'airs of the Society shall be conducted by a Council consist- 
ing of the President of the Society, the Vice-Presidents, the Honorary 
Secretary, and twenty-four Members elected out of the general body of 
the Subscribers : one-fourth of the latter shall go out annually in rotation, 
but shall nevertheless be re-eligible ; and such retiring and the new elec- 
tion shall take place at the Annual General Meeting : but any intermediate 
vacancy, by death or retirement, among the elected Council, shall be filled 
up either at the General Meeting or at the next Council Meeting, which- 
ever shall first happen. Five Members of the Council to constitute a 
quorum . 

3. The Council shall meet to transact the business of the Society on 
the second Thursday in the months of March, June, September, and 
December, and at any other time that the Secretary may deem it expe- 
dient to call them together. The June Meeting shall always be held in 
London ; those of March, September, and December at Canterbury and 
Maidstone alternately. But the Council shall have power, if it shall 
deem it advisable, at the instance of the President, to hold its meetings 
at other places within the county ; and to alter the days of Meeting, or to 
omit a quarterly meeting if it shall be found convenient. 

4. At every Meeting of the Society or Council, the President, or, in 
his absence, the Chairman, shall have a casting vote, independently of his 
vote as a member. 

5. A General Meeting of the Society shall be held annually, in July, 
August, or September, at some phice rendered interesting by its antiquities 
or historical associations, in the eastern and western divisions of the 
county alternately, unless the Council, for some cause to be by them 
assigned, agree to vary this arrangement ; the day and place of meeting 
to be appointed by the Council, who shall have the power, at the instance of 
the President, to elect some member of the Society connected with the 
district in which the meeting shall be held, to act as Chairman of such 
Meeting. At the said General Meeting, antiquities shall be exhibited, 
and papers read on subjects of archasological interest. The accounts of 
the Society, having been previously allowed by the Auditors, shall be 
presented ; the Council, through the Secretary, shall make a Report on 
the state of the Society ; and the Auditors and the six new Members of 
the Council for the ensuing year shall be elected. 

6. The Annual General Meeting shall have power to make such 
alterations in the Eules as the majority of Members present may approve : 
provided that notice of any contemplated alterations be given, in writing, 
to the Honorary Secretary, before June the 1st in the then current year, 
to be laid by him before the Council at their next Meeting; provided, 
also, that the said contemplated alterations be specifically set out in the 
notices summoning the Meeting, at least one month before the day 
appointed for it. 

7. A Special General Meeting may be summoned, on the written 
requisition of seven Members, or of the President, or two Vice-Presidents, 
which must specify the subject intended to be brought forward at such 
Meeting j and such subject alone can then be considered. 



RULES AND REGULATIONS. XV 

8. Candidates for admission must be proposed by one member of the 
Society, and seconded by another, and be balloted for, if required, at any 
Meeting of the Council, or at a General Meeting, one black ball in five to 
exclude. 

9. Each Ordinary Member shall pay an Annual Subscription of Ten 
Shillings, due in advance on the ist of January in each year ; or £5 may 
at any time be paid in lieu of future subscriptions, as a composition for 
life. Any Ordinary Member shall pay, on election, an entrance fee of Ten 
Shillings, in addition to his Subscription, whether Annual or Life. Every 
Member shall be entitled to a copy of the Society's Publications ; but 
none will be issued to any Member whose Subscription is in arrear. The 
Council may remove from the List of Subscribers the name of any Mem- 
ber whose Subscription is two years in arrear, if it be certified to them 
that a written application for payment has been made by one of the 
Secretaries, and not attended to within a month from the time of applica- 
tion. 

10. All Subscriptions and Donations are to be paid to the Bankers of 
the Society, or to one of the Secretaries. 

IL All Life Compositions shall be vested in Government Securities, 
in the names of four Trustees, to be elected by the Council, The interest 
only of such funds to be used for the ordinary purposes of the Society. 

12. No cheque shall be dravvn except by order of the Council, and 
every cheque shall be signed by two Members of the Council and the 
Honorary Secretary. 

13. The President and Secretary, on any vacancy, shall be elected by 
a General Meeting of the Subscribers. 

14. Members of either House of Parliament, who are landed pro- 
prietors of the county or residents therein, shall, on becoming Members 
of the Society, be placed on the list of Vice-Presidents, and with them 
such other persons as the Society may elect to that office. 

15. The Council shall have power to elect, without ballot, on the 
nomination of two Members, any lady who may be desirous of becoming 
a Member of the Society. 

16. The Council shall have power to appoint as Honorary Members 
any person likely to promote the interests of the Society. Such Honorary 
Member not to pay any subscription, and not to have the right of voting at 
any Meetings of the Society ; but to have all the other privileges of 
Members. 

17. The Council shall have power to appoint any Member Honorary 
Local Secretary for the town or district wherein he may reside, in order 
to facilitate the collection of accurate information as to objects and dis- 
coveries of local interest, and for the receipt of subscriptions. 

18. Meetings for the purpose of reading papers, the exhibition of 
antiquities, or the discussion of subjects connected therewith, shall be 
held at such times and places as the Council may appoint. 

19. The Society shall avoid all subjects of religious or political con- 
troversy. 

20. The Secretary shall keep a record of the proceedin2;s of the So- 
ciety, to be communicated to the Members at the General Meetings. 



( xvi ) 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 



Matthew Holbech Bloxam, Esq., f.s.a., Rugby. 

The Lord Denman, 

James Fergusson, Esq., f.r.i.b.a., f.r.a.s,, 20 Langham Place, W. 

Augustus W. Franks, Esq., F.S.A., British Museum, w.c. 

John Henry Parker, Esq., C.B., F.S.A., Oxford. 

M. le Grande Reulandt, Membre honoraire de la Soci6t6 d'Histoire de la Flandre 
maritime de France, Membre correspondant de la Societe Imp6riale des 
Sciences de Lille, Controleiu" dans I'Administration des Finances de 
Belgique, etc. 

J. B. Sheppard, Esq., 23 Old Dover Road, Canterbury. 

Rev. W. W. Skeat, m.a. (Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the University of Cam- 
bridge), Salisbury Villas, Cambridge. 

C. Roach Smith, Esq., F.S.A., Hon. Member of the Societies of Antiquaries of 
Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Scotland, France, Normandy, the Morini, Abbeville, 
Picardy, Copenhagen, and Spain, Temple Place, Strood. 

The Lord Talbot de Malahide, F.s.A., Malahide Castle, Dublin. 

The Right Rev. Edward Trollope, d.d., f.s.a.. Bishop Suffragan of Nottingham, 
Leasingham, Sleaford, Lincolnshire. 



( xvii ) 

MEMBERS. 

COREECTED TO JANUAEY, 1882. 



DENOTES LIFE COMPOUNDEES. 



y 

Abbott, John 0., Esq., 6 Whitehall. London, S.w. 

Acton, Samuel Poole, Esq., Lyuton House, Bromley. Kent. 

Akers- Douglas, Aretas, Esq., M.P., Chilston Park, Maidstone. 

Akers, Mrs., Mailing Abbey, West Mailing, Maidstone. 

Alcock, Rev. John Price, M.A., Hon. Canon of Canterbury, The College, Ashford. 

Alcock, Rev. John Price, juu., m.a., P>ircliington Vicarage, Margate. 

Alexander, Horace A., Esq., 16 King William Street, E.c. 

*Alexander, W. Cleverley, Esq. 

*Alexander, R. H., Esq., Mount Mascal, Bexley. 

Alexander, Robert, Esq., C.B., Holwood, Bromley, Kent. 

Amherst, The Earl, President, Montreal, Sevenoaks. 

*Amherst, William Amhurst Tyssen, Efsq.. M.P.. Didlington Hall, Brandon, Norfolk . 

Andrews, Mr. Henry, Court Lodge, Great Chart, Ashford. 

Arnold, Augustus A., Esq., The Precincts, Rochester. 

Arnold, G. M., Esq., Milton Hall, Gravesend. 

AiTan, The Earl of, 27 Chesham Street, s.w. 

Ash, Rev. Jarvis Holland, D.C.L., 10 Hungershall Park, Tunbridge Wells. 

Aslat, E. A., Esq., C.E., 8 Naval TeiTace, Bheerness. 

Astley, Edward Ferrand, Esq., M.D., Marine Parade, Dover. 

Athenaeum Club, The, Pall Mall, s.w. 

*Austen, Francis, Esq., Capel Manor, Horsmonden, Staplehurst. 

Austin, Henry George, Esq., F.K.i.B.A., Canterbury. 

Aveling, Stephen, Esq., Restoration House, Rochester. 

Ayers, Parker, Esq., High Street, Charlton, Dover, 

Baggally, Sir Richard (Lord Justice), Cowden, Edenbridge. 

Bailey, Rev. Henry, d.d., Hon. Canon of Canterbury, Vicar of West Tarring, 

Worthing. 
• Bailey, Rev. J. Sandford, M.A., Nepeiker House, Wrotham. 
Baker, Brackstone, Esq., 21 Belmont Hill, Lee, Kent. 
Baker, T. H., Esq., Owletts, Cobham, Gravesend. 
Baldock, Rev. William, Brookland, Folkestone. 
Ball, John Howell, Esq., Strood, Rochester. 

Balston, Ven. E., D.D., Archdeacon of Derby, Bakewell Vicarage, Derbyshire. 
Balston, W., Esq., Springfield, Maidstone. 
Bannan. James, Esq., New Romney. Folkestone. 

*Barrou. Edward Jackson, Esq., 10 Endsleigh Street, Tavistock Square, w.c. 
*Barrow, Francis, Esq., 3 Phillimore Gardens, Kensington, w. 
Barrow, John S., Esq., Holmwood, Speldhurst, Tunbridge Wells. 
Bartlett, Edward, Esq., The Museum, Maidstone. 
Bartlett, W. J., Esq., Manstou, Ramsgate. 
Bass, E. T., Esq.. Lydd, Folkestone. 
Bassett, .James, Esq., Rochester. 

Batem.an, Wm., Esq., 32 Albion Terrace, Sandgate Road, Folkestone. 
*Bathurst, Henry, Esq. 
Batten, James, Esq., Highfield, Bickley, Bromley, Kent. 

YOL. XIT. 6 



XVlll KENT ARCHJEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Battye, Kcv. W. W., Hevcr Rectory, Edenbridge. 

*Baxtcr, Wynne E., Esq., 208 High StrccJ;, Lewes. 

Bayden, Thomas, Esq., llythe. 

Baylcy, Francis, Esq., (UJ Cambridge Terrace, Hyde Park, w. 

Beach, Fletcher, Esq., M.B., Metropolitan Asylum, DareuLh, Dartford. 

Beale, Rev. S. C. Tress, M.A., Eastgate, Tcnterden, Ashford, 

Bcalc, William, Esq., King Street, Maidstone. 

*Bean, Alfred Wm., Esq., Danson Park, Welling. 

Bcattic, Alexander, Esq., 47 RedclyfFe Square, South Kensington, S.W. 

♦Beaumont, Charles, Esq., Tunljridge Road, Maidstone. 

Beeby, W. T., Esq., M.D., JBromley, Kent. 

Beechcno, Re^. J., Whitwell Rectory, Oakham. 

Becching, Alfred T., ]<]sq., Ferox Hall, Toubridge. 

Bell, Major, Thor, Birchington, Margate. 

Bell, Matthew, Esq., F.G.S., Bourne Park, Canterbury. 

Benham, Rev. W., b.d.. The Vicarage, Marden, Staplehurst. 

*Benock, Francis, Esq., F.S.A., M.R.S.L., 19 Tavistock Square. W.C. 

Benstcd, Hubert, Esq., 14 Mill Street, and Rockstow, Maidstone. 

Berens, Henry Hulse, Esq., Sidcup, Chiselehurst. 

Berens, Rev. R. M., Sidcup, Chislehurst. 

Beresford-Hope, Right Hon. Alexander J. B,, M.P., d.c.l., F.S.A., Bedgbury 

Park, Cranbrook. 
Best, Major, Boxley, Maidstone. 
Bingley, Rev. J. G., Suodland Vicarage, Rochester. 
Birch, Rev. C. G. R., Brancaster Rectory, Lynn Regis. 
*Bishop, William, Esq.. 8 Prince of Wales Terrace, Kensington, w. 
Blair, Mrs., Finchcox, Goudhurst. 
Blake, Thomas, Esq., The Grange, Gravesend. 
Blashill, Thomas, Esq., 10 Old Jewry Chambers, E.c. 
Bligh, The Lady Isabel, Fatherwell House, West Mailing. 
Bliss, Rev. J. W., M.A., Betteshanger Rectory, Sandwich. 
Blomfield, Rev. G. J., m.a.. Aldington Rectory, Hythe. 
Blore, Rev. G. J., D.D., King's School, The Precincts, Canterbury. 
Bloxam, Richard, Esq., Eltham Court, Kent. 
Board, John, Esq., Springfield, Westerham, Edenbridge. 
Bodleian Library, The, Oxford. 
Body, W., Esq., Wittersham Hall, Ashford. 
Boissier, Alnutt R., Esq., The Grove, Penshurst. 
Bolton, Mr. Joseph, King Street, Dover. 

*Boodle, Rev. John Adolphus, M.A., West Mailing, Maidstone. 
Bottle, Mr. Alexander, Dover. 
Bottle, Edward, Esq., St. Martin's Hill, Dover. 

Bowyear, Rev. Thomas Kyrwood, M.A., Harbledown Rectory, Canterbury. 
*Boys, Rev. H. J., m.a., St. John's Rectory, Chatham. 
Brabourne, The Lord, The Paddock, Smeeth, Ashford. 
Brabrook, Edward W., Esq,, F.s.A., M.K.S.L., 28 Abingdon Street, S.W. 
Bradnack, S. W., Esq., Sutherland House. The Leas. Folkestone. 
Bradstreet, Rev. William, M.A., Theberton Rectory, Saxmundham, Suffolk, 
Bramah, Mrs., Davingtou Priory, Faversham. 
Bramston, Rev. William, Vicar of Minster, Sheppey. 
Brenan, Rev. James Eustace, M.A., Christchurch Vicarage, Ramsgate. 
Brent, Algernon, Esq., Audit and Exchequer Office, Somerset House, 'W.C. 
Brent, Cecil, Esq., F.s.A., 37 Palace Grove, Bromley, Kent. 
Brent, Francis, Esq., 19 Clarendon Place, Plymouth. 
Brent, John, Esq., F.S.A., Dane John Grove, Canterbury. 
Briant, Alfred J., Esq., The Larches, Northfleet, Gravesend. 
Bridges, Rev. Sir Brook G., Bart., Goodnestone Park, Wingham. 
Briggs, Rev. Thos., Capel Lodge, Folkestone. 
Bristowe, William, Esq., Greenwich, S.E. 

Brock, B. P. Loftus, Esq., 19 Montague Place, Russell Square, W.C. 
Brockman, Mrs. Tatton, Gore Court, Otham, Maidstone. 
Brooke, F. C, Esq., Ufford, Woodbridge, Suffolk. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XIX 

Broom, Herbert, Esq., ll.d., The Priory, Orpington, Chislehurst. 

Brothers, Mr. Francis, Ashford, Kent. 

Browell, William Faulkner, Esq., Tunbridge Wells. 

*Brown. James Koberts, Esq., P.R.G.S., 14 Hilldrop Road, Camden Road. N.w. 

Brown, Wm., Esq., Quarry Hill House, Tunbridge. 

Browne. Rev. Alfred T., m.a., Reculver, Heme Bay. 

Bryant, Rev. G., m.a.. Trinity Vicarage, Sbeerness. 

Bubb, Mr. Robert, Minster, Ramsgate. 

Buckingham, John, Esq., The Elms, St. Peter's, Ramsgate. 

Bullard, Miss Ann. Strood, Rochester. 

Bullard, Charles, Esq., 196 High Street, Rochester. 

Bullard. Thomas, Esq., 46 Burnt Ash Hill, Lee, Kent, S.E. 

Bunyard, Mr. F., Week Street, Maidstone. 

*Burgess, Major, Hythe, Southampton. 

Buri'a, James S., Esq., Ashford. 

Burrell, Godfrey. Esq.,. Rocky Hill, Maidstone. 

Burton, John M.. Esq., 19 Lee Park. Lee, S.E. 

*Buttanshaw, Rev. John, M.A.. 22 St James's Square, Bath. 

Byng. The Honourable James M. 0., Great Culverden, Tunbridge Wells. 

*Bywater, Witham M., Esq., M.R.Inst., 5 Hanover Square, w. 

Caffin, Edward, Esq., 4 Fenchurch Street, E.G. 

Calvert. Rev. Thomas. M.A., 92 Lansdowne Place, Brighton. 

Campbell, Rev. E. J., M.A., King's School, Canterbury. 

Candy, Rev. Thomas Henry, b.d., Rectory, Swanscombe, Dartford. 

*Canterbury. His Grace the Archbishop of, D.D., Lambeth Palace, S.E. 

Canterbury, The Very Rev. the Dean of. The Precincts, Canterbury. 

Cape, G. A., Esq., Utrecht House, Abbey Wood. 

Carnell, George F., Esq., Sevenoaks. 

Carr, Rev. J. Haslewood, M.A., Adisham Rectory, Wingham. 

Carr, Rev. T. A., M.A., Vicarage, Cranbrook. 

Carr, Rev. T. W., M.A., Barmiug Rectory, Maidstone. 

Carter, T. J., Esq., Charlton, Dover. 

Castle. Major, Bridge Hill House, Canterbury. 

Cave, Amos, Esq., F.R.G.S., Grove House, Cornwall Road, Brixton Hill. 

Cazalet, E., Esq.. Fairlawn, Shipbourne, Tunbridge. 

•Chalmers, David. Esq., p.e.s.e., f.s.a. Scot., Redhall, Edinburgh. 

Chambers, G. F., Esq., Northfield, Eastbourne. Sussex. 

Charlesworth, F., Esq., Widmore, Bromley. Kent. 

Chignell, R., Esq., Castle Mount, Dover. 

Christian, Ewan, Esq., Ecclesiastical Commission Office, Wliitehall Place, s.w. 

Chubb, Hammond. Esq., Home Lea, Bickley, Bromley, Kent. 

Clabon, John Moxon, Esq., F.G.s., 21 Great George Street, Westminster, s.w. 

Clarke, Chas. Harwood, Esq., f.s.a., Westfield, Bromley, Kent. 

Clarke, G. Somers, Esq., Walpole, Chislehurst. 

Clarke, Joseph, Esq.. f.s.a., 13 Stratford Place, W. 

Claydon, Rev. E. A., M.A.. Luton Rectory, Chatham. 

Clements, George. Esq., Catford Bridge, Kent. 

Clements, Mrs. William, St. Margaret's, Canterbury. 

Clifford, Mr. James, Maidstone. 

Clift, Edward, Esq.. 71 Granville Park, Lewisham, S.E. 

Coates, Rev. R. P., M.A., Darenth Vicarage, Dartford. 

Cobb, Robert Lake, Esq., Higham, Rochester. 

Cobb, Rev. W., M.A., Newchurch Vicarage, Romney, Folkestone. 

*Cock, Ed^vin, Esq., The Court Lodge, Appledore. 

Cockerton, Richard, Esq., Harnden House, Eastry, Sandwich. 

*Cokayne, G. E., Esq., M.A., F.S.A., Lancaster Herald, College of Arms. London, 

E.G. 
Coke, Harriot, Esq., Surgeon, Ashford, Kent, 
Coleman. William, Esq., The Priory, Dover. 
Collett, Rev. Anthony, m,a., Braboume, Ashford. 
*Collins, Breutou H., Esq., Dunorlan, Tunbridge Wells. 

b2 



XX KENT ARCH.Ti:OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Collis, Kev. Henry, M.A,, St. Philip's Vicarage, Maidstone. 

Colpoys. A. A. G.. Esq., 2."} Carisbrodk Koad. St. Leonard's-on-Sea. 

Colson, R(>v. Charles. M.A.. Hon. < 'anon of Kochester, Cu.\ton llectory, Rochester. 

Congress Library, Washington, U.S.A. (per Mr. Allen. Covent Garden). 

Oonyngham, The Marquess. Hifrons Park, Canterbury. 

Cooke. George Nothercoat. Esq., The Croft, Debtliug, Maidstone. 

Cook, Kev. .John Russell, B.A., Preston. Faversham. 

Cooper, G., Esq., 4 George Street, Croydon. 

Cooper, Robert. Esq., 90 Southwark Street. S.E. 

*Corner, Mr. John, Kingston Villa, Sydenham Park, S.E. 

Gotham, Rev. Geo. Tonlson, M.A., St. John's House, Birchington, Margate. 

Cotton, Horace, Esq., Quex Park, Birchington, Margate. 

Couchman, Mr. J. B.. High Street, Ramsgate. 

Court, Percy, Esq., Dover. 

Courthope, George, Esq., Whiligh, Hurst Green. 

*Co\vell, George. Esq., F.R.C.S., 1!) George Sti-eet, Hanover Square, w. 

Cox, Lieut.-Colonel C. I., Q.G., Fordwich, Canterbury. 

Cox, Frederick John, Esq.. Ferndene, Sidcup, C!hislehurst. 

Cox, Homersham, Esq., Marl Field House, Tunbridge. 

Coxhead, Mr. Henry, South-Easteru Railway, Ramsgate. 

Cradock, R. W., Esq.. Myitle Villa, Belvedere, Lessness Heath, Kent. 

Crafer, T. N., Esq., Hillside, Ravensbourne Road, Bromley, Kent. 

Craik, IMrs. George. Shortlands, Bromley, Kent. 

Cramp, Lieutenant Robert. Barclay, Gray, and Co., Shad Thames, S.E, 

Cranbrook, The Viscount, Hemsted, Cranbrook. 

Cripps. Wilfred Joseph, Esq., Farleigh House. Saudgate, Folkestone. 

Cranbrook Literary Institute, Cranbrook. 

Croft, Rev. Percy J., M.A., Kingstone Rectory, Canterbury, 

Cronk, Mr. H. H., Dyott House, Tunbridge Wells. 

"'Cubitt, George, Esq.. M.P.. Denbies, Dorking. 

Curling, Henry, Esq., Augusta Lodge, Ramsgate. 

Curteis, Rev, T, S., M.A., The Rectory, Sevenoaks. 

Curtis, J. Llewelyn, Esq.. 34 Old Broad Street, E.C. 

Cust, Lady Elizabeth, 13 Eccleston Square, S.W, 

Cuthell, Andi-ew, Esq., 61 Warwick Square, S.W. 

Dampier, H. L., Esq., Friudsbiuy, Rochester. 

Daniel, James, Esq., Ramsgate. 

Daniel-Bainbridge, R. P., Esq., Holly Brake, Chislehurst. 

Daniel-Tysseu, see Tyssen. 

*Danvers, Juland, Esq., Woodside, Caterham, Red Hill. 

Darbishtre. H. A., Esq., Oakdene. Edeubridge. 

Darnley, The Earl of, Cobham Hall, Gravesend. 

Dartmouth, The Earl of, 40 Grosvenor Square, W. 

Davis, Edmund F., Esq., St. Peter's, Ramsgate. 

Dawson, Mr. F. J., Rochester. 

De L'Isle and Dudley, The Lord. Penshurst. 

Denne, Denne, Esq., Elbridge, Canterbury. 

Denne, Herbert Henry, Esq., Elbridge, Canterbury. 

Dennett, Mr. T. J., Cranbrook. 

Dering, Sir E. C, Bart., Surrenden Dering, Ashford. 

Devas. Charles F., Esq., Pickhurst Green, Hayes, Beckenham. 

Devaynes, Miss, 1.5 Dalby Square. Cliftonville, Margate. 

*Devey, George, Esq., 123 New IJond Street, w. 

Dickeson, Richard, Esq., Market Lane, Dover. 

Dickson. Rev. R. H., M.A., Eastchurch Rectory. Sheerness. 

Dixon, Lieut. -General, Wood's Gate, Pembury, Tunbridge Wells. 

*Dobson, Charles, Esq., Broome Park, Betchworth, Reigate. 

Dodgson, W. H., Esq.. Hayes Ford, Bromley, Kent. 

"'Dodgson, W. O., Esq., Manor House, Sevenoaks. 

Doke, Wm. Woodford. Esq., Woodleigh, Broadwater Down, Tunbridge Wells. 

Donne, Rev. Charles Edward, M.Aj., The Vicarage, Faversham. 



ADDENDA 



LIST OF MEMBERS. 

Prosser, Mr. D., Sheeruess 

Ronk, James, Esq., Clare House, Tonbrid-e. 



XX KENT AKCH.T50L0GICAL SOCIETY. 

Collis, Eev. Henry, M.A., St. Philip's Vicarage, Maidstone. 

Colpoys. A. A. G.. Esq., 23 Carisbrook Road, St. T.eonard's-on-Sea. 

Colson, Rov. Charles, M.A.. Hon. Canon of Rochester, Cuxton Rectory, Rochester. 

Congress Library, Washington, U.S.A. (per Mr. Allen, Covent Garden"). 

Conyugham, The Marquess, Bifrons Park, Canterbury. 

Cooke, George Nethcrcoat. Esq., The Croft, Debtling, Maidstone. 

Cook, Rev. John Russell, B.A., Preston. Favcrsham. 

Cooper, G.. Esq., 4 George Street, Croydon. 

Cooper, Robert, Esq., 90 Southwark Street, S.E. 

*Corner, Mr. John, Kingston Villa, Sydenham Park, s.E. 

Gotham, Rev. Geo. Toulson, M.A., St. John's House, Birchington, Margate. 

Cotton, Horace, Esq., Quex Park, Birchington, Margate. 

Couchman, Mr. J. B., High Street, Ramsgate. 

CoUl't. Porcv. F.fifi Dnvpr 



Cuthell, Andrew, Esq., 61 Warwick Square, s.w. 

Dampier, H. L., Esq., Friudsbury, Rochester. 

Daniel, James, Esq., Ramsgate. 

Daniel-Bainbridge, R. P., Esq., Holly Brake, Chislehurst. 

Daniel-Tysseu, see Tyssen. 

'''Danvers, Juland, Esq., Woodside, Caterham, Red Hill. 

Darbishii'e. H. A., Esq., Oakdene, Edenbridge. 

Darnley, The Earl of, Cobham Hall, Gravesend. 

Dartmouth, The Earl of, 40 Grosvenor Square, W. 

Davis, Edmund F., Esq., St. Peter's, Ramsgate. 

Dawson, Mr. F. J., Rochester. 

De L'Isle and Dudley, The Lord. Penshurst. 

Denne, Denne, Esq., Elbridge, Canterbury. 

Denue, Herbert Henry, Esq., Elbridge, Canterbury. 

Dennett, Mr. T. J., Cr'anbrook. 

Dering, Sir E. C, Bart., Surrenden Dering, Ashford. 

Devas, Charles F., Esq., Pickhurst Green, Hayes, Beckenham. 

Devaynes, Miss, 15 Dalby Square. Cliftouville, Margate. 

*Devey, George, Esq., 123 New l^ond Street, W. 

Dickeson, Richard, Esq., Market Lane, Dover. 

Dickson, Rev. R. H., M.A., Eastchurch Rectory, Sheerness. 

Dixon, Lieut.-General, Wood's Gate, Pembury, Tunbridge Wells. 

*Dobson, Charles, Esq., Broome Park, Betchworth, Reigate. 

Dodgson, W. H., Esq.. Hayes Ford, Bromley, Kent. 

*Dodgson, W. O., Esq., Manor House, Sevenoaks. 

Doke, Wm. Woodford. Esq., Woodleigh, Broadwater Down, Tunbridge Wells. 

Donne, Rev. Charles Edward, M.Ai., The Vicarage, Faversham. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXI 

Dorman, Thomas. Esq., Sandwich. 

Dove, J., Esq., 12 Trelover Road, South Kensington. 

Dover, The Bishop of, The Precincts, Canterbury. 

Dover Proprietary Library, The, Castle Street, Dover. 

Dowker, George, Esq., F.G.S., Stourmouth House, Winghani. 

D'Oyly, Rev. Charles J., M.A., Rectory, Great Chart, Ashford. 

D'Oyly, W., Esq. 

Drake, Mr. John. High Street, Rochester. 

*Drake, Rev. R., M.A., Stourmouth Rectory, Wingham. 

Drakeford, Rev. D. J.. M.A., Elm Grove, Sydenham, S.E. 

Dudlow, Miss, West Mailing. 

Dunkin, Miss. Dartford. 

Dyke, Rev. John Dixon, M,A., 21 Holland Road, Brixton, s.w 

Eastes, James S., Esq., Fairlawn, Ashford. 

Ebsworth, Rev. J. W., M.A.. F.s.A., Molash Vicarage, Ashford. 

*Eden, Rev. Arthi;r, M.A., Ticehurst Vicarage, Hawkhurst. 

Edge, Rev. \V. J., m.a.. Trinity Vicarage, Upper Tooting, Surrey. 

Edlmann. Frederick J.. Esq., Hawkswood. Chislehurst. 

Edmeades, Rev. William Henry. M.A., Nursted Court, Gravesend. 

Edmonds, William Curtis. Esq., 5 Wrotham Road, Gravesend. 

Edwards, Samuel, Esq., 25 Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C.. and 4 Eliot Park, Lewisham. 

T5dwards, Mr. Thos., Saracen's Head Hotel, Ashford. 

Elers, W. S.. Esq., Broomhill Cottage, Tunbridge Wells. 

Elliott, Frank, Esq., New Hall, Dymcliurch, Folkestone. 

Elliott. G. E., Esq., 13 Station Street, Sittingbourne. 

Elliott, Henry, Esq., 99 Strand, W.C. 

Elliott, Mr. Robert, The Cedars, Ashford. 

Elliott, Rev. William Foster, M.A. 

*Ellis, Rev. J. H.. m.a., Stourton Rectory, Bath. 

Ellis. William Smith, Esq., Hydecroft, Charlwcod, Surrey. 

Elt, C. H., Esq., 1 Noel Street, Islington, N. 

Elwes, Valentine D. H. Cary, Esq., F.S.A., Billing Hall, Northampton. 

Elwyn, Rev. Richard. M.A.. Hon. Canon of Canterbury, The Vicarage, East 

Farleigh, Maidstone. 
Elyard, S. Herbert, Esq., Holmwood, South Norwood Park, S.E. 
Essell. George, Esq., The Precincts, Rochester. 
Essell, George Ketchley, Esq., The Precincts, Rochester. 
Etherington, Charles, Esq., Temple Lodge, Hammersmith, w, 
Evans, Francis O'Grady, Esq., Ramsgate. 
♦Evans, John, Esq., d.c.l., f.r.s., f.s.a., Nash Mills, Hemel Hempsted. 

Fagge, Charles. Esq., Hythe. 

*Falmouth, The Viscount. Mereworth Castle. Maidstone. 

*Falmouth, The Viscountess (Baroness Le Despenser), Mereworth Castle, Maid- 
stone. 
Farnall, Liei;t.-Colonel. Wingfield House, Manor Lane, Lee. S.E. 
Fellows, Frank P.. Esq., 8 The Green, Hampstead, N.W. 
*Fergusson, Sir James Ranken, Bart., F.S.A., Hever Court, Gravesend. 
♦Fernandez. Albert Henry. Esq. 

Field. George Hanbury, Esq., Ashurst Park, Tunbridge Wells. 
Filmer, Sir Edmund, Bart., M.P., East Sutton Park, Staplehurst. 
Finn, Arthur, Esq., Westbrook, Lydd, Folkestone. 
Finn. Edwin, Esq., Lydd, Folkestone. 
Fisher, Mr. Henry, High Street, Ramsgate. 
Fitzgerald, C. E.. Esq., M.D., 10 West Terrace, Folkestone, 
Fletcher, Lady Frances, Kenward, Yalding. 
Fletcher, William, Esq., Bycliffe. Gravesend. 
Flint, Rest W.. Esq., .5 St. George's Place, Canterbury. 
Flower, Rev. Walker, M.A.. Worth Vicarage, Sandwich. 

*Foljambe, Cecil G. Savile, Esq., m.p., 2 Carlton House Terrace, Loudon, S.W. 
Fooks, E. J., Esq., Torquay Villa, Milton, Gravesend. 



Xxii KENT ARCHiEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Fooks, Octavius E., Esq., Wcstcroft, GravcBcnd. 

Fooks, W. C'racrol't, Esq., Howman'a I'lacc, Dartford. 

Foord, CHiarlcs Ross, Esq., Satis House. Kochcster. 

Foord, Wm. Wildash, Escj., Aconi House, Rochester. 

Forstcr, W. Samuel. Esq., 8 Eower Berkeley Street, Portman Square, W. 

Fox. Thomas. Es(]., Castle Terrace, Dover. 

*Foystcr, llev. G. Alfred, M.A., All Saints' Rectory, Hastings. 

Frarapton, Rev. T. Shipdem, m.a., St. IVIary's, Piatt, Sevenoaks. 

Francis, George, Esq., Birchctts, Speldhurst, Tunbridge Wells. 

Franklyn, Thos. P., Esq., Maidstone. 

Frascr, James, Esq., Solicitor, Ashford. 

Frecth, Evelyn, Esq., o Kcmplay Road. Pilgrims' Lane, Hampstead, N.W. 

Fremlin, R. J., Esq., Heathfield, Maidstone. 

Frend, Mr. G. R., St. George's, Canterbury. 

♦Friend, Frederick. Esq., Woollett Hall, North Cray. 

Friend, James Taddy, Esq., Northdown, near Margate. 

Fry, Edward Wickens, Esq., St. Martin's House, Dover. 

Fry, Miss, Plashet. Essex, E. 

*Fuller, Rev. John Mee, m.a., Bexley Vicarage. 

Fuller, Mr. Samuel, Queen Street, Ramsgate. 

Furley. Charles John, Esq., Ashford. 

Furley, Edvrard, Esq., M.D., St. Leonards-on-Sea. 

Furley, George, Esq., Canterbury. 

Furley, Robert, Esq., F.S.A., Ashford. 

Furley, Walter, Esq., Canterbury. 

Fynmore, R. J., Esq., 4 Bluusdon Buildings, Sandgate, 

Gardner-Waterman, Rev. W., Bicknor Rectory, Maidstone. 

Garling, Henry B., Esq., Folkestone. 

Gibson, F. G., Esq., Sittingbourne. 

Gibson, Geo., Esq., Pencester Street, Dover. 

Gilder, Rev. Edward, m.a., Ickham Rectory, Sandwich. 

Gilling, Rev. J. C, m.a., St. Mark's Vicarage, Kosherville, Gravesend. 

Giraud, F. F., Esq.. Town Clerk, Faversham. 

Goddard, Rev. G. F., M.A., Hon. Canon of Rochester, Southfleet Rectory, 

Gravesend. 
"'Godfrey-Faussett, Edmund G., Esq., Oaten Hill, Canterbury. 
*Godfi-ey-Faussett, John Toke, Esq., 49 Pall Mall, s.w. 
Godfrey-Faussett-Osborue, H. B. G., Esq., Hartlip Place, Sittingbourne. 
Gorham, Wm., Esq., Tunbridge. 
Gould. John, Esq., Gravesend. 

Gow-Steuart, Herbert, Esq., Fowlers Park, Hawkhurst. 
Graburn, E. B., Esq., West Lodge, Windmill Road, Croydon, Surrey. 
Grant, Thomas, Esq., Shirley House, Maidstone. 

Granville. The Earl, Walmer Castle, and 18 Caiiton-house Terrace, s.w. 
*Graves, Edmund Robert, Esq., B.A., British Museum, w.C 
Graves. W. T., Esq., Westfield, Canterbury. 
Gray, Mrs., Birchington Hall, Margate. 
Grayling, Francis, Esq., Sittingbourne. 
Grayling, John, Esq., M.D., Sittingbourne. 
Green, Henry B.., Esq., Ashford, Kent. 
^Griffiths, Rev. John, D.D., Keeper of the Archives, Oxford. 
Guy, Mr. Albei't L., 195 High Street, Lewisham. 

Hague, Jenken, Esq., Biddenden, Staplehurst. 

* Hales, Rev. R. Cox, M.A., Woodmancote Rectory, Hurstpierpoiut. 

Hales, Mrs. Ada Young, Woodmancote Rectory, Hurstpier point. 

Hall, Charles T., Esq., 2 Featherstone Road, Southall, Middlesex. 

Hall, James Edward, Esq., Brathay House, Broadwater Down, Tunbridge Wells. 

Hall, Josiah, Esq., Queenborough. 

Hall, Rev. T. G., M.A., Hythe Vicarage. 

Hall, Rev. W. J., M.A., St. Martin's Rectory, Cannon Street, E.G. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXIU 

Hallward, Rev. T. W. 0., M.A., Frittenden Kectory, Staplehurst. 

Hambrook, J., Esq., Dover. 

Hammond, William Oxenden, Esq., St. Albau's Court, Wingham. 

Hankey, Thomson, Esq., m.p., Sbipbourne Grange, Tunbridge. 

Hannam, George Emilius, Esq., Bromstone House, Eamsgate. 

Harcourt, Cyril B., Esq., 4 Marloes Road, Kensington. 

Hardcastle, Edward, Esq., New Lodge, Hawkhurst. 

Hardinge. Tiie Viscount, South Park, Penshurst. 

•Harris, The Lord, Carlton Club, s.w. 

Harris, Dr., Minster, Ramsgate. 

Harris, John, Esq., Belvedere, Lessness Heath. 

Harris, Thomas Noel, Esq., Pegwell, Ramsgate. 

Harris, Mrs. S. T., lU South Hill Park, Hampstead, N.W. 

Harrison, The Venerable Benjamin, m.a., f.s.a., Archdeacon of Maidstone, Canon 

of Canterbury, The Precincts, Canterbury. 
*Harrison, James, Esq., Dornden, Tunbridge Wells. 
Han-ison, W. G. S., Esq., To%vn Clerk, Folkestone. 
Harrison, Rev. Henry. M.A., Kilndown, Goudhurst. 
Harrison, Rev. J. B., m.a., Great Mongeham Rectory, Deal, . 
Hartley, Colonel Joseph, Hartley, Dartford. 
*Hartridge, Wm., Esq.. Addelam, Upper Deal, near Walmer. 
Harvey, James, Esq., Belgrave Villa, 49 Tufnell Park Road, N. 
*Haslewood, Rev. F. G., ll.d., Chislet Vicarage, Canterbury. 
♦Haslewood, Rev, Francis, A.K.C., St. Matthew's Rectory, Ipswich. 
*Hattield, Capt. Charles, Hartsdowu, Margate. 
Hawkins, Rev. E., D.D., Canon of Rochester, The Vines, Rochester. 
Hay ward, William Webb, Esq.. Rochester. 
Hazlitt, Wm., Esq., 9 Tavistock Square, London, ■W.C. 
Head, Walter Geo., Esq., Ingress Cliff, Greenhithe, Kent. 
Heale, Rev. J. N., M.A., Addington Rectory, Maidstone. 
Heisch, Charles, Esq., F.C.S.. Holly Lodge, South Park Hill Road, Croydon. 
Hellicar, Rev. A. G., M.A., Bromley Vicarage, Kent. 
Henderson, John, Esq., Upton House, Sandwich, 
Heywood, S., Esq., 171 Stanhope Street, Hampstead Road, N.w. 
Hicks, Robert, Esq., Ramsgate. 
Hicks, Mr., Parrock Street, Gravesend. 

Higgs, Rev. Albert Chas.. M.A., Lansdowne Villa, Stodart Road, Penge, S.E. 
Hill, Henry, Esq., F.S.A., 2 Curzon Street, Mayfair, w. 
Hill, Miss, Asby Lodge, Carlton Road, Putney Hill, s.w. 
Hill, Samuel, Esq., 2.33 Camden Road, London, K.w. 
Hill, Rev. W. S., M.A., St. Nicholas Vicarage, Rochester. 
Hillier, Jas. T., Esq., 4 Chapel Place, Ramsgate. 
Hilton, S. Musgrave, Esq., Bramling, Wingham. 
Hilton, Captain Thomas, Selling, Faversham. 
Hilton, T., Esq., M.D.. Deal. 
Hinds, H. T., Esq. 

Hingestone, Charles Hilton, Esq.. 30 Wood Street, E.G. 
Hirst, Rev. Thomas, m.a., Bishopsbourne Rectory, Canterbury. 
Hoar, Edward, Esq., King Street, Maidstone. 
Hobbes, Robert George, Esq., H.M. Dockyard, Chatham. 
Hoblyn, "Richard A., Esq., 2 Sussex Place, Regent's Park, s,w, 
Hodgson, Rev, Canon John George, M.A., Saltwood Rectory, Hythe. 
Hodsoll, J. H., Esq., Loose Court, Maidstone. 
Hodsoll^ Charles M., Esq., Loose Court, Maidstone. 
HoUingworth, John, Esq., Turkey Court, Maidstone. 
HoUingworth, Thos., Esq., Turkey Court, Maidstone. 
Holmes, Rev. J. R., m.a., Eastry House, near Sandwich. 
*Holmesdale, Viscount, M.P., Linton Park, Maidstone, 
Homewood, Chas. E., Esq., Ufton, Sittingbourne, 
Homewood, Mr. William Joseph, Gravesend. 
Hooker, Ayers, Esq., Lessness Heath, Kent. 
*Horner, Edward, Esq., May Place, Crayford. 



XXIV KENT AllCHiEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Horrocks, Major, Mascals, Brenchley, Staplehurst. 

Hothficld, tbe Lord, Hothfield. Ashford. 

♦Hnvciidcii, RolxTt. Esq., llcathcote, I'ark Hill Road, Croydon. 

Howard, Joseph Jackson. K.sq.. ll.d., K.S.A., 3 Dartmouth Kow, Blackhcath, 8.E. 

Hughes, George, Esq., Canipdcn House Road, Kensington, w. 

Hughes, Henry, Esq., G7 Frith Street, Soho, w. 

Huglies, W., Esq., 81) Alexandra Koad, South Hampstead, N.W. 

Hughes-Hallett. llev. James, Higham House, Canterbury. 

Hulburd, Mr. James, High Street, Sittingbourue. 

Humphery. John, Esq., New Roniney. Folkestone. 

Hunt, Rev. Robert Shapland, Jl.A., ^Fark Beech, Edcnbridge. 

Hussey, Re\\ Arthur Law, M.A., Dui'ham House, Folkestone. 

Hussey, Edward, Esq., Scotney Castle, Lamberhurst. 

*Hussey, Edward Law, Esq., F.R.C.S., Oxford. 

Hussey, Heury Law, Esq., 10 New Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 

Hussey, Rev. William Law, M.A., Hon. Canon of Manchester, Ringstead Rectory, 

Lynn, Norfolk. 
Hussey, Richard C, Esq., F.S.A., Harbledown, Canterbury. 
Huxley. Rev. Thomas Scott. M.A. 
Hyde. Mrs. Moore. 77 Cambridge Gardens, North Kensington, w. 

Igglesden, Mr. Charles, Gore-hill House, Ashford. 
Hott, James William, Esq., Beechfield, Bromley. 

Jackson, Captain, The Deodars, Meopham, Gravcscnd. 

Jackson, John Flower, Esq., Bourne House, Bexley. 

James, Francis, Esq., Edgeworth Manor, Cirencester. 

James, J. B., Esq., London and County Bank. Canterbury. 

James, Sir Walter. Bart.. Betteslianger, Sandwich. 

James. Mrs. W.. Wormdall, South Fields, Putney, S.W. 

Janson, E., Esq., Etherton, Speldhurst, Tunbridge Wells. 

Jarflinc, John Lee, Esq., Capel. Dorking. 

JeafEreson, W. J., Esq., 15 Clifton Gardens, Folkestone. 

*Jeffery, Counsell. Esq., 30 Tredegar Square, Bow, E. 

*JefIreys, Rev. H. A.. M.A., Hon. Canon of Canterbury, The Vicarage, Hawkhurst. 

Jenkins. Rev. R. C. M.A., Hon. Canon of Canterbury. Lyminge Rectory. Hytlie. 

Jenkiusou, F. J. H., Esq., Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. 

Jeuner, Mr. W. M., Sandgate, Folkestone. 

Johnston, Rev. W. A., Thorndean, Swingtield. Canterbury. 

Jones, Francis, Esq., Scott's Wharf, Dockhead, S.E. 

*Jones, Herbert, Esq., Montpelier Row, Blackheath. 

Jones, Herbert Francis, Esq., Bryn Teg, Sidcup. 

Jones, R. H., Esq.. Clyde House, Maison Dieu Road, Dover. 

Jones, Rev. Wm. Taylor, M.A., Heme House, Cliftonvillc, Margate. 

Joy, Henry Winkles, Esq.. Maidstone. 

Jupe, G., Esq., Duchy of Cornwall Office, 1 Buckingham Gate, S.W. 

Keith, Rev. William A., M.A., Burham. Rochester. 

Kennard, Stephen P., Esq., 17 Kensington Palace Gardens, w. 

Kennett. John, Esq., Nether Court Farm, Ramsgate. 

Kersey, Dr.. 1 Temple Villas. Maison Dieu Road, Dover. 

*Keyser, Charles E., Esq., Merry Hill House, Bushey, Watford. 

Kibble, Thomas, Esq., Green Ti-ees, Tunbridge. 

Kiddell, John Dawson. Esq., 48 Mark Lane, E.G. 

King, S. H., Esq., Hiiden Grange, Tunbridge. 

Kingsford. Kenneth, Esq., Littlebourne Lodge, Sandgate. 

Kingsford, Cottenham, Esq., Buckland, Dover. 

Kirkpatrick, Major John, Horton Park, Hythe. 

Knatchbull, Sir Wyndham, Bart., Mersham Hatch, Ashford. 

Knight, D.. Esq., Davenport Lodge, Grave.send. 

*Knill, Stuart, Esq., The Crosslets in the Grove, Blackheath, S.E. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXV 

Knocker, Colonel E. W., Castle Hill House, Dover. 

Knocker, Edward, Esq., F.S.A., Cameron Lodge, St. John's, Ryde. 

Kuollys, Rev. W. F. Erskine, M.A., Hon. Canon of Canterbury, Wrotham. 

*Kuyvett, Felix, Esq., Asliwellthorpe, Watford, Herts, and St. Stephen's Club, s.w. 

Lake, George H., Esq., 43 Pevensey Road, St. Leonard's-on-Sea. 

Lake, James. Esq., Monkton, Ramsgate. 

Lambard, Multon, Esq., Beechmont, Sevenoaks. 

♦Lambert, George, Esq., F.S.A., 11 Coventry Street, W. 

Lang, E. A., Esq., Sheeruess. 

Laughorne, Rev. John, m.a., The Grammar School, Rochester. 

Laugston, John. Esq., Strood. 

Larking, John Wingfield, Esq., The Firs, Lee, S.E. 

Larking, Miss, The Firs, Lee, S.E. 

Latham, Albert, Esq. 

Latter, Robinson, Esq., Pixfield, Bromley, Kent. 

Laurence. William, Esq., Maidstone. 

*Lavers, Nathaniel Wood, Esq., Endell Street, Bloomsbury, w.c. 

Laurie. Colonel, Mystole Park, Canterbury. 

Law, Miss, Osborne House, Cliftouville, Margate. 

Law, Edward, Esq., Grosvenor Place, Margate. 

*Layton, Thos., Esq., 22 Kew Bridge Road, Kew Bridge, Middlesex, w. 

*Leathes, Rev. Stanley, d.d., Rector of CliiJe-at-Hoo, Rochester. 

Lee, Rev. Edward Henry, B.A., Chiddingstone Rectory, Edenbridge. 

*Legg, J. Wickham, Esq., m.d., 47 Green Street, Park Lane, W. 

Legge, The Hon. and Rev. Augustus, Hon. Canon of Rochester, The Parsonage, 

Sydenham, S.E. 
*Legge, The Hon. and Re!.v. H., d.c.l.. The Hollies, Blackheath, S.E. 
Lendon, E. E., Esq., Fire Office. Maidstone. 

Lennard, Colonel Sir John Farnaby, Bart., West Wickham Court, Beckenham, S.E. 
*Levesou-Gower, Granville, Esq., F.s.A., Titsey Place, Limpsfield, Surrey. 
Lewis. Rev. Gerrard, M.A., St. Paul's Vicarage, Cliftonville, Margate. 
Lewisham, Viscount, m.p., 40 Grosvenor Square, w. 
Lias. Hy. John, Esq., Greville House, Ferndale Park, Tunbridge Wells. 
Library of the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury. 
Lister, — , Esq. 

Little, Rev. J. R., M.A., Park House, Tunbridge. 
Little, W. R., Esq., 18 Park Street. Grosvenor Square, W. 
Liverpool Free Public Library. Liverpool. 

Lloyd, Rev. lorwerth Grey, M.A., F.S.A., Hersham Vicarage, Walton-on-Thames. 
Lloyd, Rev. S. W., ii.A., Barham Rectory, Canterbury. 
*Loyd, Edward, Esq., Lillesden, Hawkhurst, Kent. 
Loader, Ricliard A. C. Esq., 18 Buckland Crescent, Belsize Park, N.W. 
Lobb, Rjv. S. B., M.A., Kennardiugtou Rectory, Ashford, Kent. 
Lochec, Alfred, Esq., M.D., Canterbury. 

Loftie, Rev. W. J., B.A.. 3« Sheffield Terrace, Campden Hill, Kensington. 
London, The Librarian {pro tern.) of the Corporation of the City of, Guildhall. 
Jjoudon Library, The. 12 St. James's Square. S.W. 

*Lowndes, G. Alan, Esq., Barrington Hall, Hatfield Broad Oak, Harlow, Essex. 
Lowry, Thomas Harvey, Esq., M.D., West Mailing, Maidstone. 
*Lubbock, Sir John, Bart., M.P., High Elms, Farnborough. 
Lucey. Rev. E. C, m.a., St. Margaret at Cliffe, Dover. 
Luck, Everard T., Esq., Went House, West Mailing, Maidstone. 
*Luck, F. G., Esq., The Olives, Wadhurst, Sussex. 

Mace, J. Ellis, Esq., jun., Tenterden. 

Mace, W. G., Esq., Town Clerk, Tenterden. 

Mackay, Hy. Ramsay, Esq., Petham House, Canterbury. 

Mackeson, H. B., Esq., F.G.S., Hythe. 

Mac Lachlan, Rev. E. H., M.A., Monkton Vicarage, Ramsgate. 

MacMorland, Edward, Esq., Courtfield Gardens, South Kensington. 

MacQueen, General, Tintock House, Canterbury. 



XXVI KENT ARCniEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

*Malcolm, John, Esq., Caltonmoor, Argyllshire. 

Miuiscl, Lady, The Heath, Wrutliam. 

MiirshiiU, Dr., l.'J Liverpool Street, Dover. 

Miirsham, Miss Jones, Haylc Place, Maidstone. 

]\L'irsliam, Rev. .1. Jacob, Ji.A., Shornc Vicarage, Gravescnd. 

Marten, John, Esq., Ensdon, Chilham. 

Masou, G., Esq., Kenley, K.8.O., Surrey. 

Master, Kev. G. S.. M.A., West Dean llectory, Salisbury. 

Matthews, — , Esq., U.S.A. 

May. William, Esq.. Northfield, Orpington, Chislchurst. 

Mercer, Richard, Esq., I\Iaidstone. 

Mercer. Samuel, Esq., Maidstone. 

Mercer, W. F., Esq., ]3oxlcy, Maidstone. 

Mercer, W. J., Esq., 12 Marine Terrace, Margate. 

Mercer, R. A., Esq., 32 Albion Terrace, Saudgate Road, Folkestone. 

Metcalfe, Rev. F., M.A., Upper ILardres Rectory, Canterbury, 

Miller, Dr., Heath End, Blacklicath, S.E. 

Mills, Sir Charles H., Bart., M.P., VVildernesse Park, Sevenoaks. 

Milne, Alexander, Esq., The Courtyard, Eltham. 

Minton, Robert. Esq., 7 College Gardens, Dulwich, S.E. 

Mitchell, B., Esq. 

Mold, W. H., Esq., Bethersden, Ashford. 

Molony, Rev. C. A., M.A., St. Lawrence Vicarage. Ramsgate. 

Molyneux, Hon. Francis George, Tuubridge Wells. 

Moiickton, Herbert, Esq., Town Clerk, Northgate, Maidstone. 

Monckton, John, Esq., King Street, Maidstone. 

♦Moore, Rev. Edward, M.A., Hon. Canon of Canterbury, The Oaks, Ospringe, 

Faversham. 
*Moore, Rev. Edward, M.A., Boughton Malherbe, Maidstone. 
*Moore, Rev. George B., M.A., Tuustall Rectory, Sittingbourne. 
Morgan, Thomas, Esq., Hill Side House, Palace Road, Streatham Hill. 
Morley, C, Esq., Coopers, Chislehurst. 
Morley, Samuel, Esq., M.P., Hall Place, Leigh, Tunbridge. 
Mostyn, The Lady Augusta, Leybourne Grange, Mailing. 
Mudford, Mr. Frederick, St. George's, Canterbury. 
Mullens, Robert Gordon, Esq., Fair View, Bromley, Kent. 
Mummery, J. R., Esq., P.L.S., 10 Cavendish Place, Cavendish Square, W. 
Mummery, Mr. W. P., 7 Strond Street, Dover. 

Murdoch, Henry Hunter, Esq., Calverley Lodge, Tunbridge Wells. 
Miiriel, Rev. Edward Morley, M.A., Ruckinge Rectory, Ashford. 
Murray, Rev. F. H., M.A., The Rectory. Chislehurst. 
Murray, R. Hay, Esq., Codington Park, Ashford. 
Murray, G. J., Esq., Wootton Court, Canterbury. 
Murton, Walter, Esq., Meadow Croft, Chislehurst. 

Nathan. B., Esq., 6 Albert Square, Clapham Road. 

Neale, James, Esq., F.S.A., 10 Bloomsbury Square, w.c. 

Neame, Mrs. Edwin, Harfield, Selling, Faversham. 

*Neame, E. B., Esq., North Court, Lower Hardres, Canterbury. 

*Neame, Frederick, Esq., Macknade, Faversham. 

Neve, Charles, Esq., Amberfield, Chart Sutton, Staplehurst. 

Neve, W. T., Esq., Cranbrook. 

Nevill, The Lady Caroline, West Mailing, Maidstone. 

Nevill, The Honorable Ralph, Birling Manor, West Mailing, Maidstone. 

Nevill, Ralph, Esq., Langham, Godalming. 

*Newington, Alexander Thurlow, Esq., The Highlands, Ticehm-st, Hurst 

Green. 
Newman, Miss, care of Mr. Quaritch, 15 Piccadilly, w. 
Nicholson, Joseph, Esq., St. Leonards, South Norwood Park. 
Nickalls, Patteson, Esq., Fallowfield, Chislehurst. 
*Noakes, J. T., Esq., Brockley Hill, Lewisham, S.E. 
*Norman, Charles Loyd, Esq., Oakley, Bromley, Kent. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXVU 

*Norman, George Warde, Esq., Bromley Common, Bromley, Kent. 

*Norman, Philip, Esq., Bromley Common, Kent. 

Norwood, Charles Morgan, Esq., M.P., Billiter Street, E.G. 

Norwood, John Dobree. Esq., Ashford, Kent. 

Norwood, Rev. Curteis H., M.A., Chilworthy House, Chard. 

*Norwood, Edward, Esq., Charing, Ashford, Kent. 

Oakden, Ralph, Esq., Freshwater, Isle of Wight. 

Oakley, Christopher, Esq., 10 Waterloo Place, S.W. 

Ogle, J., Esq., Sevenoaks. 

♦Oliver, Edm. Ward, Esq., Orleston, Ashford, and 11 Kensington Square. 

Onslow, Rev. Middleton, M.A., East Peckham Vicarage, Tunbridge. 

Orger, Rev. E. R., m.a., Hougham Vicarage, Dover. 

Ortou, R., Esq., 1 Lower John Street, Golden Square, w. 

*Ouvry, Frederic. Esq., F.S.A., M.E.S.L., F.Z.S., etc., 12 Queen Anne Street, 

Cavendish Square, w. 
Oyler, T. H., Esq., Hawkenbury, Staplehurst. 

Page, William, Esq., Maidstone. 

Paine, Cornelius. Esq., 9 Lewes Crescent, Brighton. 

* Paine, W. Dunkley, Esq., Reigatc. 

Palmer, Wm., Esq., Elmstead, Chislehurst. 

♦Parker, Major F. G., Westbere House, near Canterbury. 

Parkes, Mr. George T., Church Street. Dover. 

Parkes, Rev. S. H., m.a., Wittersham Rectory, Ashford. 

Parsons, John, Esq., Ashurst Lodge, Ashurst. Tunbridge Wells. 

*Pasley, Colonel, C.B., e.e., 7 Queen Anne's Grove, Bedford Park, Chiswick. 

Patent Office Library (Triibner and Co., 57 Ludgate Hill, E.G.). 

Payne, George, Jun., Esq., 25 High Street, Sittingbourne. 

Peacock, T. F., Esq., 12 South Square, Gray's Inn, W.C. 

Pearman, Rev. A. J., m.a., Merstham Rectory, Surrey. 

Pearman, Rev. M. T., M.A., Bobbing Place, Sittingbourne. 

Pearson, Rev. G. C, M.A., Hon. Canon of Canterbury, Canterbury. 

Peckham, Thomas Gilbert, Esq., Hall Place, Harbledown, Canterbury. 

♦Pembroke, G. P. Amos, Esq., The Yew Trees, Wye. 

*Penfold, Hugh, Esq., M.A., Rustington, Worthing. 

Penfold, Henry, Esq., M.D., Rainham, Sittingbourne. 

Perry-Ayscough, Rev. G. B., B.A., Brabourne Vicarage, Ashford. 

Perry, J. Tavenor, Esq., 9 John Street, Adelphi, W.C. 

Peterson, Edward. Esq., 26A Bury Street, St. James's, S.W. 

Petley, C. R. C. Esq., Riverhead, Seveuoaks. 

Pettit, D. S., Esq., Taunton Lodge, Elgin Road, Addiscombe, Croydon. 

Philpot, Rev. John, M.A., Hinxhill Rectory, Ashford. 

Pigot, R. Turtle, Esq., LL.D., Manor Park, Lee. Kent. 

Pittock, Dr., Margate. 

Plowden, Miss, The Cottage, Chislehurst. 

*Plowes, John Henry, Esq., 39 York Terrace, Regent's Park, K.w 

Polehampton, Rev. J.. M.A., Ightham Rectory, Sevenoaks. 

Polhill, Kev. Henry VV. 0., M.A., Ashurst Rectory, Tunbridge. 

Pollock, Dr., The Postern, Tunbridge. 

Poole, David Charles, Esq., 26 Liverpool Street, Dover. 

Poole, Mr. Hem-y, Sandgate Road, Folkestone. 

Pope, P. M., Esq., M.D., West Mailing, Maidstone. 

*Porter, Frederick W., Esq., Hythe, Kent. 

Powell, Rev. Arthur Herbert, B.A., 50 Calvert Road, East Greenwicli, S.E. 

*Powell, Charles, Esq., Speldhurst, Tunbridge Wells. 

Powell, Rev. W., M.A., Newick Rectory, Uckfield, Lewes. 

Poynter, Ambrose, Esq., Marine Place, Dover. 

Prall, Richard, Esq., Town Clerk, Rochester. 

Pratt, The Lady Frances, The Grove, Seal, Sevenoaks. 

Prentis, George, Esq., Maidstone. 

Price, John E., Esq., F.s.A., 60 Albion Road, Stoke Newington, N. 



XXVlll KENT AllCHiEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Price, Miss, Hooper's Hill House, Margate. 

*Price, David S., Esq., PL. Doc, Marg.ite. 

Puckle, Ivev. John, M.A.. lion. Canon of Canterbury, Victoria Park, Dover. 

Pucklo, iStanley, Esq., 'J'lic Hollands, Spcldhurst, Tunbridge Wells. 

Pullun, Mr. Jesse, Elliuj,'hani Street, Ramsgate. 

Punnett, Mr. George, Tunbridge. 

Rammell, Rev. W. H., M.A., Rose Cottage, Barnes, s.w. 

Ramsden, A. C, Esq., Stoueness, Ashurst, Tunbridge Wells. 

Randolph, Rev. C. M.A., Chartham, Canterbury. 

Rawcs, Mrs., Boughton Lodfjc, Frant Road. Tunbridge Wells. 

Rcdpath, Peter, Esq., The Manor House, Chislehurst. 

Reed, F. H., Esq., 'J John Street, Adelphi, W.C. 

Reeves, James Bowles, Esq., Danemore Park, Speldhurst. 

Reid, Captain Francis. Buxt'ord, Great Chart, Ashford. 

Reid, James, Esq., St. George's, Canterbury. 

Rcyner, Rev. G. F., D.D., The Rectory, Staplehurst. 

Richards, Rev. F. J., M.A., Boxley Vicarage, Maidstone. 

Richards, Rev. John, M.A., Ash Vicarage, Sandwich. 

Richardsun, John, Esq., Ravensfell, Bromley, Kent. 

♦Richardson, Christopher T., Esq., 13 Nelson Crescent, Ramsgate. 

Richardson, Walter, Esq., VViltou House, Eltham. 

Richardson, Rev. John, M.A., Hon. Canon of Rochester, 169 The Grove, Cam- 
berwell. 

Ricketts, E. Bengough, Esq., The Grange, Chislehur.st. 

Riddell, Sir W. B., Bart.. M.A., 50 Queen's Gate, S.W. 

Roberts, Lieut.-Colonel Thomas Walton, Glassenbury, Cranbrook. 

Robertson, Rev. J. C, M.A., Canon of Canterbury, The Precincts, Canterbuiy. 

Robertson, James, Esq., f.l.s.. Wanderers' Club, Pall Mall, s.w. 

Robertson, Rev. W. A. Scott. M.A., Honorary Secretary, Hon. Canon of Canter- 
bury, Whitehall, Sittingbourne. 

Robertson, John C, Esq., St. Machars, Chislehurst. 

Robinson, Alexander, Esq., The Lodge, St. Peter's, Ramsgate. 

Robinson, Rev. Thomas, M.A., Chart Sutton Vicarage, Maidstone. 

♦Rochester, The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of, Selsdon, Surrey. 

* Rochester, The Very Rev. the Dean of. The Deanery, Rochester. 

Rogers, John Thornton, Esq., Riverhill, Sevenoaks. 

Rolt, Rev. H. G., Sacombe Lodge. Harbledown, Canterbury. 

*Rosher, W. Burch, Esq., AVanderers' Club, Pall Mall, S.W. 

*Rosher, Alfred, Esq., The Grange, Rosherville. 

Ross, Henry, Esq., F.S.A., Chestham Park, Henfield, Sussex. 

*Ross, Major Alex. A., m.p., 29 Portland Place, w. 

Routledge, Rev. C. F.,m.a., Hon. Canon of Canterbiiry, St. Martin's, Canterbury. 

Rouch, Rev. F., M.A., The Precincts, Canterbury. 

Rowe, Rev. Theo. B., Tunbridge School. 

Rowe, Thomas Smith, Esq., M.D., Union Crescent, Margate. 

Royal Institution of Great Britain, The Library of, Albemarle Street, W. 

Ruck, F. W., Esq., County Surveyor, Maidstone. 

Russell, Francis, Esq., Gaddesdeu House, Wateriugbury, Maidstone. 

Russell, Mr. Ebeuezer, Cranbrook. 

Russell, Rev. John Fuller, B.C.L., F.S.A., -1 Ormonde Terrace, Regent's Park. 

Russell, J. M., Esq., Fern Villa, Milton Street. Tunbridge Road, Maidstone. 

Ruxton, Captain, Chief Constable of Kent, Broad Oak, Brenchley, Staplehurst. 

"'Rycroft, C. A. W., Esq., Everland, Sevenoaks. 

Rye, W. Brenchley, Esq., late Keeper of Printed Books in the British Museum, 
11 Clifton Hill, Exeter. 

Saint, Rev. J. J., M.A., Groombridge, Tunbridge Wells. 
*Salomons, Sir David Lionel, Bart., Broom Hill, Tunbridge Wells. 
Sams, G., Esq., Home Mead, Gravesend. 
Sandon, R. F., Esq., Rutland Lodge, Mason Hill. Bromley. 
Sangster, John, Esq., St. Peter's, Ramsgate. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXIX 

Sankey. H. T., Esq., Canterbury. 

Sankey, Percy, Esq., St. Peter's, near Ramsgate. 

Saunders, Sibert, Esq., The Bank, Whitstablt;. 

*Saunrlers, W. H. Demain, Esq.. Brickendon Grange, Hertford. 

Sayer, John, Esq., Pett Place, Charing. 

Seaton, Sampson, Esq., 5 Chapel Street, Devonport. 

Scott, Rev. F. T., M.A., Hartlip Vicarage, Sittingbourue. 

Scott. Benj. J., Esq., Addiscombe, Croydon. 

Scott, J. R., Esq.. F.S.A.. Clevelands, Marsh Street, Walthamstow, Essex. 

Scratton, John, Esq., Shorne, Gravesend. 

Scudamore, Frederick, Esq., Maidstone. 

Selwyn, Rev. E. J.. M.A., Pluckley Rectory, Ashford. 

Sharland, George Edward, Esq., The Laurels, White Hill, Gravesend. 

Shaw, John, Esq., 34 Arundel Square, Barnsbury, N. 

Shaw, Rev. W. F., M.A., Eastry Vicarage. Sandwich. 

Shepherd, Rev. C. W., M.A., Trottescliffe Rectory. Maidstone. 

*Sheridan. Henry Brinsley. Esq.. m.p., 10 Colville Gardens, Kensington Park. 

Shirley, W. P., Esq., West Bank, Sutton Valence, Maidstone. 

Sikes. Rev. Thomas. M.A., Chevening Rectory. Sevenoaks. 

Sikes, Rev. Thomas Burr, M.A.. Bnrstow Rectory. Crawley, Sussex. 

Silva, F., Esq., 97 Westbourne Terrace, Hyde Park, w. 

Simmonds, Henry, Esq., Aylesford House, Heme Hill, S.E. 

Simmons. G., jun., Esq.. Chertsey, Surrey. 

*Simms, Frederick, Esq.. M.D., 6 Mandeville Place, Manchester Square, w. 

Simpson, W. F., Esq., Palace Gardens Terrace, Kensington, W. 

Skipwith, Fulwar, Esq., Avon House, Tunbridge Wells. 

*Sladen, Rev. HenryEdward Mainwariug, M.A., P.R.G.S., The Gore, Bournemouth. 

Slater, Frederick, Esq., Grays, Chislet, Canterbury. 

Smallfield, Mr.. 269 Stanhope Street, Mornington Crescent, N.W, 

Smith. Arthm', Esq., The Shrubbery, Walmer. 

Smith, Rev. B. F., M.A., Hon. Canon of Canterbury, Crayford Rectory. 

Smith, G. S. Fereday, Esq., Grovehurst, Tunbridge Wells. 

Smith-Masters, W. A., Esq., Camer. Gravesend. 

Smith, John William. Esq.. 3 Furnival's Inn, E.c. 

Smith, R. H. Soden, Esq., Museum of Science and Art, Kensington, w. 

Smith, William E., Esq., Waterloo Villa, Ramsgate, and 3 Upper Bedford 

Place. 
Smith, Haskett, Esq., Trowswell, Goudhurst. 
Smith, Wm. Woodriff, Esq., Surgeon, Sittingbourne. 
Smith, Fredk. T., Esq., 2 Beaufort Villas, Picton Road, Ramsgate. 
Smith, Rev. Robt. Cox, M.A., 29 Wellington Street, Strand, w.c. 
Smythe, Algernon S., Esq., Maidstone. 
Smythe, Mr. John, London Road, Maidstone. 
*Soanes, Temple, JEsq., Crosby House, London, E.C. 
Solly, G. B., Esq., Monkton Court, Ramsgate. 
Sondes, The Earl, Lees Court, Faversham. 
South, Rev. R. M., m.a., New Romney Vicarage, Folkestone. 
Southee, A. P., Esq., West Cliii School, Ramsgate. 
Southgate, Rev. Frederick, Northfleet Vicarage, Gravesend. 
Sparvel-Bayly, John A., Esq., F.s.A., Bursted Lodge, Billericay, Essex. 
Spencer, Frederick, Esq., 2 Houlston Villas, Pembury Road, Tunbridge. 
Sperling. J. H., Esq., M.A., Cranhill, Bath. 
Springett, Augustus, Esq., Hawkhurst, Kent. 
Spurrell, F. C. J., Esq., Belvedere, Lessness Heath. 
Stamford, Dr.. Collingwood House, Tunbridge Wells. 
*Stanhope, The Earl, Chevening Place, Sevenoaks. 
Stanhope, The Hon. Edward, Chevening, Sevenoaks. 
Stephenson, Chas. OfEerton, Esq., St. Margaret's Bank, Rochester. 
Stilwell, James, Esq., Dover. 

Stilwell, James, Esq., Killinghurst, Haslemere, Surrey, 
Stirling, Sir Walter, Bart., P.E.S., Burr's Wood, Tunbridge Wells, 
Stokes, Mr. Thomas Stanger, Cranbrook. 



XXX KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Stone. Frauk W., Esq., Tunbridge Wells. 

Stone, the late Rev. W., M.A., Canon of Canterbury. 

Streatfeild, Mrs. Champion, Chart's Edge. Edonbridge. 

Streatfcild, II. D., Esq.. Chiddingstonc, Edenljridge. 

* Streatfeild, J. Frcnilyn, Es(i., 15 Upper Urook Street. Grosvcinor Square, W. 

Streatfeild, Sydney K., Esq. 

Streatfeild, llev. W. Champion, M.A., Howick llectory, Bilton, Northumberland. 

Streeter, E. W., Esq., 18 New Bond Street, W. 

Streeter, Kev. T. G. P.. Derwent House. Leyland Road, Lee, S.E. 

Strettell, Rev. A. B., M.A., Old Dover Road, Canterbury. 

Strickland, R. A., Esq., Hastings Villa, Bexley Road, Erith. 

*Stride, Edward Ernest, Esq., British Museum, w.c. 

Stringer. Henry, Esq., New Romncy, Folkestone. 

*Stroud, Rev. J., m.a., South Perrott Rectory, Crewkerne. 

Stubbs, Mr. Samuel, 263 Hampstead Road, N.w. 

Stunt, Walter C, Esq., Lorrendeu, Faversham. 

♦Styan, Miss Anne, 27 Norfolk Crescent, Edgeware Road, w. 

Style, Albert F., Esq., Loose, Maidstone. 

Surtees, F. R., Esq., Boxley Abbey, Saudling, Maidstone. 

Swanzy, Frank, Esq., The Quarry, Sevcnoaks. 

Swithinbank. George Edwin, Esq., ll.d., Ormleigh, South Laurie Park, S.E. 

Sydney, Free Public Library at, (Triibner and Co., Ludgate Hill). 

Sydney, The Earl, G.C.B., Lord Lieutenant, Frognall, Chislehurst. 

Syms, Mr. William, Rochester. 

Talbot, John Gilbert, Esq., m.p., Falconhurst, Edenbridge. 

Tarbutt, Mr. W., Craubrook. 

Tasker, Henry, Esq., Maidstone. 

*Tayler, W. H., Esq., m.d., Tudor House, Anerley, S.E. 

Temple, Rev. W., m.a., Eastbridge Hospital, Canterbury. 

*Terry, John, Esq., Holly House, Boro' Green. Sevenoaks. 

Thomas, Rev. J., D.C.L., Canon of Canterbury, The Precincts, Canterbury. 

Thomasi R. C. F., Esq., Manor Office, Manor Road, Folkestone. 

Thompson, Mr. George, Cranbrook. 

Thomson, Richard Edward, Esq., Kenfield, Canterbury. 

Thorpe, Rev. John Frederick. The Vicarage, Hernhill. near Faversham. 

*Tiarks, H. F., Esq., Foxbury, Chislehurst. 

Timins, Rev. J. H., m.a.. West Mailing, Maidstone. 

Toke, Major, Heathcote, Cambridge Town, Surrey. 

Tonbridge Book Society (Rev. J. R. Little. Secretary). 

Tremlett, Admiral, Bellevue, Tunbridge Wells. 

Trist, John W., Esq., Sydenham. 

Triibner and Co., Messrs., Ludgate Hill, B.C. 

Tuke, Rev. Francis E., M.A., Borden Vicarage, Sittingbourne. 

Tunbridge Wells Literary Society (Mr. H. H. Cronk). 

Turmaine, Mrs., Bank, Canterbury. 

Turner, J. H., Esq., Kentish Bank, Maidstone. 

Twigg, Mrs., 7 Liverpool Street, Dover. 

*T\sdsden, Thomas, Esq., F.S.A., Bradbourue Park, East Mailing, Maidstone. 

Twopeny, Edward, Esq., Woodstock Park, Sittingbourne. 

Tye, Mr. James, Cranbrook. 

Tylden-Pattensou, Captain, Biddeuden, Staplehurst. 

Tyrwhitt, Rev. Beauchamp St. John, M.A., Upchurch Rectory, Sittingbourne. 

*Tyssen, John Robert Daniel, Esq., F.S.A., 9 Lower Rock Gardens, Brighton. 

*Tyssen, Amherst Daniel, Esq., Lincoln's Inn Chambers, Chancery Lane. 

Dmfrevile, Samuel C, Esq., Ingress Park, Greenhithe. 

Upton, Rev. Archer, M.A., Stowtiug Rectory, Hythe. 

Ussher, Richard, Esq., 10 Augusta Gardens, Folkestone (Catton Hall, Burton- 

on-Trent). 
Utting, R. B., Esq., 97 Gaisford Street, Kentish Town, N.w. 



LIST OE MEMBERS. XXXI 

Vaughan, Evan, Esq., Dartmouth Point, Blackhcath. 
Vian, W. J., Esq., Faii-view, The Knoll, Beckenham. 
Vickers, Rev. V. S., Rolls Court, Whitfield, Dover. 
Vine, Rev. F. T., M.A., Patrick sbourue Vicarage, Canterbury. 
Vinten, J\Ir. Henry George, Clarendon Gardens, Ramsgate. 
Vye, Mr. Henry, Clarendon Gardens, R.amsgate. 

Wadmore, James Foster, Esq., Dry Hill, Tunbridge. 

*"W"agner, Henry, Esq., 1,3 Half Moon Street, Piccadilly, w. 

Walker, Henry Bacheler, Esq., New Romney, Folkestone. 

Walker, Edward Bachelor, Esq., New Romney. Folkestone. 

Walter, William, Esq., Berengrave, Rainham, Sittingbourne. 

Ward, Mr. Horatio, Fleur-de-Lis Hotel, Canterbury. 

Ware, John Geo., Esq., Northfleet, Kent. 

Wastall, Mr. E. G., Brookland House, Ramsgate. 

Waterlow, Sir Sydney H.. Bart., M.P., Fairseat House, Highgate, N. 

Waters, Mr. George, Cranbrook. 

Watson. John William, Esq., 2 Water Lane, Tower Street, e.g. 

Watts. Rev. J., M.A., Crimdale Rectory, Canterbury. 

Wanton, Charles J. M., Esq., Torbridge Castle, Kent. 

Webb, Geo., Esq., Tunstall House, Sittingbourne. 

Webb, Dr. Robert, Westwell, Tenterden. 

Weir, Harrison, Esq., Weirleigh, Brenchley, Staplehui'st. 

Welldon, Rev. Jas. I., d.d., Hon. Canon of Canterbury, Kennington Vicarage, 
Ashford. 

Wells, Edward J., Esq., Sandown House, Mallinson Road, Wandsworth Com- 
mon, s.w. 

Wells, R,, Esq., Randolphs, Biddenden, Staplehurst. 

Weston, Mrs., 13 Manor Road, Folkestone. 

Weston, Lambert, Esq., Waterloo Crescent, Dover. 

Whatman, James, Esq.. F.E.S., F.S.A., Vintners Park, Maidstone. 

Wheelwright, J., Esq., Meopham Court, Gravesend. 

Whichcord, John, Esq., F.s.A.. Palace Chambers, 9 Bridge Street, Westminster. 

Whiston, Rev, Robert, Bi.A., The Palace, Rochester. 

*White, Thomas, Esq., Wateringbury, Maidstone. 

*White, Mrs. Thomas, Wateringbury, Maidstone. 

*White, Frederick, Esq., Q.C., Paper Buildings, Temple, E.G. 

White, Edward, Esq., 43 Athelstane Road, Margate. 

Whitehead, Rev. A., M.A., St. Peter's Vicarage, Thanet. 

*Whitehe,ad. Charles, Esq., F.S.A. , f.e.g.s., Barmiug House. Maidstone. 

Whitehead, Thomas Miller, Esq., 8 Duke Street, St. James's, s.w. 

Whitelock, Rev. B., m.a., Groombridge, Tunbridge Wells. 

Whittle, Miss, Star Hill, Rochester. 

Wickham, Humphry, Esq., Strood. 

Wigan, Rev. Alfred, M.A., Luddesdown Rectory, Gravesend. 

*Wigan, James, Esq., Cromwell House, Mortlake, Surrey, S.W. 

Wigan, L. D., Esq., Oakwood House. Maidstone. 

Wightwick, T. N., Esq., Canterbury.' 

Wightwick, William, Esq., Bouverie Square, Folkestone. 

Wiidash, H. C, Esq., M.D., Luton House, Hythe. 

Wilkie, Rev. Christopher Hales, M.A., Edburton, Hurstpierpoint, 

Wilkie, Kenyon Woods, Esq., Ellington, Ramsgate. 

*Wilkinsou, F. Eachus, Esq., m.d., etc.. Battle College, Sydenham, S.E. 

Wilks. G., Esq., Hythe. 

Williams, Alfi-ed, Esq., C.E., F.G.S., 18 Great George Street, Westminster. 

* Williams, Captain Bigoe, Dover. 

Williams, ilrs., Peushurst, Tunbridge. 

Williamson, Rev. Joseph, m.a., Stanford Rectory, Hythe. 

Willsher, Mr. Stephen Henry, Tenterden. 

*Wilmott, Edward W., Esq., Milbrae, Chislehurst. 

Wilson, Archibald, Esq., Last Lane, Dover. 

*Wilson, Cornelius Lee, Esq., Beckenham. 



XXXU KENT ARCII^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Wilson, R. P., Esq., 5 Cumberland Terrace, Regent's Park, N.w. 

♦Wilson, Samuel, Ksq., Beckcnham. 

Wilson, Thomas, Esq., Rivers Lodge, Harpenden, St. Albans. 

Winch, Charles, Esq., Chatham. 

Winham, Ifev. Daniel, M.A., Western House, Brighton. 

Winning. Kev. Robert, ai.A., Vicar of Gre<at Washbourne, Gretton Fields, 

Winchcomb, Gloucestershire. 
Winton, Edwin W., Esq., Etherton Hill, Speldhurst, Tunbridge Wells. 
Wodchouse, Rev. Walker, M.A., Elham Vicarage, Canterbury. 
Wolley, Rev. H. F., M.A., Shorthands Vicarage, Bromley, Kent. 
Wood, Humphrey, Esq., Chatham. 
Wood, John. Esq., Chatham. 

Wood, J. Lambert, Esq., Bury Place House, near Gosport, Hants, 
Wood. Robert, Esq., Margate. 
Woodder, W. W., Esq., Station Road, Margate. 
Woodford, Mrs. H. P.. The Grove, Gravesend. 
Woodruff. Rev. C. E., Skeyne House, Pulborough, Sussex. 
Woodruff, C. H.. Esq., F.S.A., Old Manor House, Wallington,, Surrey. 
Woods. Sir Albert, Garter King at Arms, College of Anns, Queen Victoria Street, 

E.c. 
Wright, B. McMurdo, Esq., F.G.S.. F.R.H.S., Hesket House, Guildford Street, 

Russell Square, w.c. 
Wybrow, Wm., Esq., Ravensbourne Jjodge, Bromley Common. 

*^* Should any errors, omissions of honorary distinctions, etc., be found in 
this List, it is requested that notice thereof may be given to the Honorary 
Secretary, Whitehall, Sittingbourne. 



ILLUSTRATION FUND. 



XXXlll 



CONTRIBUTIONS 

To the Fund for suppli/ing Illustrations to the /Society's Volumes, etc. 



ANNUAL SUBSCEIPTIONS. 

£ s. d. 

Akers-Douglas, A., Esq 1 10 

Barrow, J. J., Esq 050 

Cranbrook, Viscount . . 10 

Darbishire, H. A., Esq 5 

Edwards, S., Esq 10 

Hughes, W., Esq 10 

Hussey, H. L., Esq 11 

Hussey, R. C, Esq 066 

James, Sir Walter, Bart 0100 

Larking, J. \V., Esq 10 

Molyneux, Hon. F. G 5 

Morgan, Thomas, Esq 10 

Onslow, Rev. M. . . 10 

Parker, J. H., Esq., c.B 10 

Parsons, John. Esq 050 

Powell, C, Esq. 5 

Puckle, 8., Esq .050 

Rammell, Rev. W. H 5 6 

Smallfield, Mr. 10 

Twopeny, E., Esq 050 

Ward, H., Esq 10 

Winton, E. W., Esq 050 



DONATIONS FOR ILLUSTRATING VOL. XIV. 



£ s. d. 
Haslewood, Rev. Francis (seven woodcuts of Smarden Church). 
Hales, Rev. R. Cox (portraits of Sir Edward Hales, senior and 

junior) and also 
Hodsoll, J. H., Esq. 
Jones, F., Esq. . 
Scott, J. R., Esq. 
Shaw, J., Esq. . 
Smith, Arthur, Esq. 
Smith, C. Roach, Esq 

Members willing to contribute to this Fund are requested to signify thidr 
intention to Canon Scott Robektson, or to Mr. W. Hughes, the London 
Local Secretary, 



1 


1 





o 











10 








1 


« 





10 


(» 





10 





1 





(J 



VOL. XIV, 



KENT AllCH^OLOGICA] 

^X, Cdxh Account from the \st ( 



& 8. d. £ 8. d. 
T^alanccs at Bankers Jan. 1st, 1880 : — 

Wigan, Mercers, and Co 98 

Hammond and Co 48 11 7 

140 11 7 

Dividends upon Stock, which form the whole income derived from 

Life Members, of whom there are 124 18 4 6 

Received from the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury, towards the 

cost of copying Frescoes in the Crypt Chapel of St. Gabriel 20 

Annual Subscriptions for 1880 278 

Arrears of Subscriptions due for 1878 and 1879 104 10 

Entrance Fees of Members elected in 1880 2.5 10 

Life Compositions received in 18.*^0 50 

Contributions to the Illustration Fund 7 8 

Subscriptions for the year 1881, paid in advance 5 

Extra-subscriptions, for Royal Octavo copies of Archceologla 

Canttana 4 19 

Received for old volumes of A rch ceologla Cantiana 15 

Received for Chromolithographs of the " Nnming of St. John the 

Baptist'' 5 15 6 

Received, in November and December, for copies of the Ulstonj of 
the Crypt of Cantcrhxiry Cathedral (in addition to £15 Ifis. 6d., 

received by the Printers, and deducted from their account) 9 2 

The Subscriptions, etc., comprised in the ten last entries, 
were remitted through the following channels : — 

The Bankers £155 9 

Mr. J. S. Smalltield 64 16 

G. E. Hannam, Esq 35 1 

J. D. Norwood, Esq 33 

J. W. Ilott, Esq 27 17 2 

C. Powell, Esq 24 6 

Rev. W. A. Scott Robertson 23 8 

G. M. Arnold, Esq 22 10 

Geo. Payne, Esq 18 10 

A. A. Arnold, Esq 16 10 

J. Humphery, Esq 15 14 

Mr. J. F. Dennett 14 12 

H. B. Mackeson, Esq 12 

J. F. Wadmore, Esq 9 10 

F. C. J. Spurrell, Esq 7 .5 

Rev. S. C. T. Beale 6 10 

F. F. Giraud, Esq 3 

Mitchell and Hughes 4 15 

Rev. J. A. Boodle 4 2 6 

Rev. Canon Moore 3 15 

£505 5 2 

£690 1 3 



►CIETY. 

mry to the 2,\st of December, 1880. (^x. 



urther cost of Archcsologia Cantlana, Vol. XIII. :— 

Mitchell and Hughes, for Printing 365 

Whiteman and Bass (Lithographers) 31 6 6 

The Autotype Company 27 13 

Thos. Kell (Lithographer) 20 11 

Seeley and Co. (Woodcuts) 2 2 

Parker and Co. (Woodcuts) 15 

I^<^ex 5 5 

452 12 6 

itchell and Hughes for printing and binding the 

History of the Crypt of Canterbury Cathedral, in 4to 

'^'^^Svo 42 16 6 

Less, Cash received by them for copies sold in 

November and December 15 16 6 

27 

hn Sayer, Esq., towards the cost of excavating the site of St. 

Radegund's Abbey 5 

lidstone Borough Treasurer, rent of the Society's Eooms for two 

^^^^^ 40 

iidstone Curator (Mr. Bartlett), Salary for five quarters, and 

mall bills on iq o 

3t of Annual Meeting, in 1879, at Romney :— 
Printers, Mitchell and Hughes 4 10 6 

H-T.Tidy ;;;;;;;;;;; 3 g & 

7 19 

it of Annual Meeting, in 1880, at Tenterden :— 

Printers, Mitchell and Hughes 6 9 6 

Postage of circulars to Members 3 12 

Local expenses at Tenterden 3 19 

14 6 

T. Tidy, for printing occasional circulars, etc 8 17 6 

Smallfield, London Secretary's Expenses 2 13 

^1 '^^^^ 16 8 

ances at the Bankers Dec. 31, 1880 :— 

Wigan, Mercers, and Co 38 2 5 

Hammond and Co 43 10 

81 3 8 



£690 1 3 



'^'?fu^\lir^^^' ^i^HARD CHAS. HUSSEY, ^ , ,. 

^June,\Si\, EDWARD MOORE, ' ^^ Auditors. 



KENT arch^ologica: 

jgj.^ Cash Account from the 1st 



£ s. d. 

Balances at the Bankers, Jan. 1st, 1881 :— 

Wigau, Mercers, and Co 38 2 5 

Hammond and Co 4-' ^ '^^ 



Dividends upon Stock, which foim the whole Income derived from 

Life Members 

From Sale of copies of the Hisforij of the Cnipt of CatUcrbury 

Cathedral (in addition to £21 18s. 6d. received in 1880) 12 

From Sale of old volumes of Archceologia Cantiana, etc., etc 6 

Life Compositions paid by ten Members -'^ 

Entrance Fees paid by forty Members 20 



81 3 3 
10 7 5 



■{ 



For 1881 208 10 

'd'> 

1 



Annual Subscriptions -( For previous years 

For 1882, paid in advance 

Contributions to the Illustration Fund 12 19 

Extra payments for large-paper copies of Archceologia Cantiana... 

The Subscriptions, etc., were remitted through the following Local 
Secretaries : — 

Mr. J. S. Smaimeld £60 19 6 

Dr.Astley 28 10 

J. W. Ilott, Esq 27 1.5 1 

A. A. Arnold, Esq 27 

G. E. Hannam, Esq 1^ 1<^' 

G. M. Arnold, Esq 19 

C. Powell, Esq 18 18 6 

J. F. Wadmore, Esq 18 10 

Rev. W. A. Scott Robertson 16 6 

W. Wightwick, Esq 15 

Mr. T, J. Dennett 10 3 6 

Mr. Bartlett 4 14 6 

J. D. Norwood, Esq 4 10 

Rev. J. A. Boodle 3 10 

F. F. Giraud, Esq 1 *» ^ 

The Bankers 120 1^ 6 



10 





6 


7 














10 











10 





19 





1 






£396 6 7 



£509 7 3 



OCIETY. 

innanj to fhe Slst of December, 1881. ^V* 



£ s. d. 

Invested in Three per Cent. Consols (Twenty-one Life Com- 
positions) 105 « 

Part of the cost of Archceologia Cantiana, Vol. XIV. : — 

Engraver (R. B. Utting), on account 10 

Drawing of Tomb at Ickham 110 

Granted towards cost of excavating Roman Foundations :— 

At St. Pancras, Canterbury 5 

AtWingham 10 

Curator at Maidstone, three quarters' Salary 22 10 

Cost of Annual Meeting at Canterbury :— 

Circular Notices of Meeting (Tidy) £2 15 

Postage of the Notices of Meeting B 1 2 

Expenses in Canterbury (balance) 1 7 11 

7 U 11 

me KentisJi Garland oiQa\\a.Cis,\o\. 1 1 1 

London Secretary's Expenses 18 6 

Printing Postcard Notices of Council Meetings, etc 2 15 8 

Petty Cash ^^ ^^ ^ 

Balances at the Bankers, Dec. Slst, 1881 : — 

Wigan, Mercers, and Co £194 2 3 

Hammond and Co 129 16 U 

.323 19 2 



£509 7 3 



Examined and approved, RICH. CHAS. HUSSEY. 

Fehruary 15^/^ 1882. EDWARD MOORE. 






ABSTEACT OF PROCEEDINGS, 1880-1. 

DuKiNG the Annual Meeting held at Tenterdeu, on July 28th 
and 29th, 1880, the programme, printed in Vol. XIII, pp. xlv, 
xlvi, was satisfactorily carried out. 

Members who reached Headcorn Station by the early train 
inspected two ancient houses, formerly cloth-halls, near the Church, 
now occupied by Mrs. Paige and Mr. Goodwin. In the latter the 
spandrels of the tie-beams, in the roof, bear the monogram "i. E." 
and a rebus formed of the letter " A.," and a chess-rook. These 
suggest that the house was probably built by some one named 
Eook, whose initials, coupled with those of his wife, were I. and 
A. E. 

At the meeting for despatch of business, held in the Literary 
Institute, at Headcorn, the Earl Amherst presided ; and around 
him were seated, Viscount Holmesdale, Sir Edmund Filmer, M.P., 
Sir Walter Stirling, "W. A. Tyssen-Amherst, Esq., M.P., Archdeacon 
Harrison, Capt. Tylden-Pattenson, Canon Jenkins, Charles Powell, 
Esq., Eobert Furley, Esq., G. E. Hannam, Esq., J. E. Streatfeild, 
Esq., H. B. Mackeson, Esq., Wm. AValter, Esq., Eev. A. J. 
Pearman, Canon Scott Eobertson, General Dixon, Major Parker, 
Capt. Hatfeild, J. E. "VVadmore, Esq., Canon Weldon, etc., etc. 

The following Report was read by Canon Scott Eobertson, and 
adopted by the meeting : — 

In presenting the Twenty-third Annual Report of the Kent Arch^ological 
Society, the Council can once moi"e congratulate its Members upon its progress 
and prospects. 

They are happy in being able to announce that all the papers for the 
Thirteenth Volume of Arclieeologia Cnntiana are now printed. The illustrations 
are also complete, and a portion of the Index is already in type. 

Nearly two years have elapsed since Volume XIT was issued ; and the 
Council would desire to draw attention to the fact that, although the Society is 
now entering upon the twenty-fourth year of its existence, the number of 
volumes already issued is only twelve. Consequently the average rate of issue 
of our ArchceoJogia has, on the whole, been little more than one volume in two 
years. 



xl KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

As the illustrntions of the forthcoming Thirteenth Volume are forty-five in 
number, and its letterjn-ess occupies about (iUO pages, the value of thin volume 
will be fully equivalent to the amount of two years' subscriptions. 

The balances standing to the Suciety's credit at the bankers amount to the 
sum of £2i)2, all of which, and more, will be required to defray the bill of the 
Society's printers for printing and binding 'Jlo copies of the furthcoming 
volume. The main cost of its expensive illustrations has already been 
defrayed. 

The Society's numbers continue to increase, notwithstanding the lamented 
deaths of many Members, and the withdrawal of others. Forty-eight Members 
have joined the Society during the past twelve months ; and fifteen candidates 
await election at your hands to-day. 

For the convenience of Memljcrs who may desire to possess an unfolded 
copy of the chromo-lithograi)h of the principal fresco in the Crypt Chapel of 
St. Gabriel, in Canterbury Cathe Iral, the Council caused fifty copies of it to be 
prepared on larger paper for sale to Members at 5s. a copy. About one half of 
these copies still remain for sale to those who wish to preserve them unfolded, 
in a portfolio or framed. 

The remarkable and unique early frescoes in the Crypt at Canterbury being 
very little known, your Council have caused fifty sets of the illustrations 
prepared for our Archa'olotjid to be worked off on large paper for publication. 
Each set of plates, being accompanied by 120 pages of descriptive letteipress, 
will form a handsome royal quarto volume, to be sold to the public at £2 2s. Od. 
each. 

During the early part of this year the site of the Premonstratensian Abbey 
of St. Rhadegund, at Bradsole, near Dover, has been excavated ; and many 
discoveries have been made respecting the Abbey Church and buildings. Your 
Council gladly assisted by contributing £5 towards the cost of the excavations. 
A plan of the Abbey site has been prepared, and a copy of it will be found in 
our temporary museum at Tenterden. 

With reference to the earlier and more important branches of English 
archaeology, very interesting discoveries of Roman and Saxon remains have 
been made during the past twelve months by an active member of our Society, 
who is one of our local secretaries, Mr. George Payne, jun., of Sittingbourne. 
Previous and similar results of his researches have been described by him in 
several volumes of our Arcliceolngia. His recent discoveries were made upon 
three different sites — two in Sittingbourne and one in Milton. One site 
yielded remains of three interments of Romans, and Mr. Payne preserved 
works of art in glass and in bronze, of the purest Roman period. Another site 
in Sittingbourne disclosed two interments, one being that of the child of some 
noble or wealthy Roman. The child's leaden coffin bears ornamentation which 
is unique, and with it were found artnillce, and a ring, as well as other objects 
of interest and value. On the third site, which is in Milton, Mr. Payne opened 
five Saxon graves ; having in previous years noted the opening of twenty-five 
other and similar Saxon graves in the same field. He has kindly permitted 
some of the Roman remains to be exhibited in the temporary museum at 
Tenterden. 

Another discovery of Saxon interments has occurred in Cliffe at Hoo, 
during the present month of July, by labourers who are making the Hoo 
Railway. 

Friends in Tenterden, and its neighbourhood, have evinced a lively interest 
in our meeting, and have done all they can to promote its success. Although 
little or nothing remains of the monastic house at Mottenden, in Headcorn ; or 
of the Abbey of Losenham, in Newenden ; and although the original mansions 
of the great families of Hales, Harlakenden, and Guldeford, have for the most 
part gone to such decay that they would not repay the trouble of a visit ; yet 
there are interesting churches which will be inspected, and the Council believe 
that Members will enjoy the meeting. They will, at all events, be enabled to 
examine the height, the symmetry, and the solidity of that steeple at 
Tenterden, which has been proverbially associated with the origin of Goodwin 
Sands. 



PROCEEDINGS, 1880. xli 

Mr. G-eorge Payne, junior, was added to the Council ; Mr. R. C. 
Hussey aud Canon E. Moore were re-appointed as Auditors ; and 
nineteen gentlemen were elected Members of tlie Society. 

The Churclies of Headcorn, Smarden, and Woodchurcli were 
then visited. Papers read there are printed in this volume, or will 
be inserted in the next volume. 

The Annual Dinner, held in the Town Hall at Tenterden, under 
the presidency of Sir Edmund Eilmer, M.P., was attended by 129 
ladies and gentlemen. 

After dinner, the Evening Meeting was held in Freeman's 
Auction Eoom, where an admirable museum had been kindly 
arranged with great labour and care by the Eev. Erancis 
Haslewood, Mr. J. Ellis Mace, Mr. AVillsher, and other gentlemen. 
There was a fine collection of coins, charters, municipal maces, 
pictures, etc. At the Evening Meeting the chair was at first 
occupied by Captain Tylden Pattenson, and afterwards by the 
Mayor of Tenterden. Papers were read by Mr. Eurley {On the 
Early History of Tenter den), the Eev. E. Cox Hales {On the Rales 
Family), Canon Jenkins {On the Guhleford Family), and the Eev, 
A. J. Pearmau {On Tenterden Church). 



On the second day Appledore Station was the place of rendez- 
vous, whence visits were made to the Churches of Appledore, Stone 
in Oxney, and "Wittersham. Luncheon was held in Wittersham 
G-irls' Schoolroom, under the presidency of the Eector and Eural 
Dean, the Eev. S. H. Parkes. Thence one party drove to Small- 
hythe Church, and back to Appledore Station. The greater part 
of the company, however, visited the Churches of Eolvenden and 
jSTewendeu, and were entertained by Mr. and Mrs. Selmes at tea on 
their lawn at Losenham Abbey, whence Mr. Selmes conducted the 
party to inspect the Newenden earthworks. They then drove over 
the marshes by Maytham Wharf back to Appledore Station. 



On Tuesday, Sept. 28th, 1880, the Council met at Canterbury 
at the house of Canon James Craigie Eobertson, who kindly per- 
mitted its Members to assemble in his library. Twelve of the 
Council attended, and the Earl Amherst presided. 

The Secretary laid on the table the earliest copy of Archceologia 
Cantiana, Volume XIII, stating that it contained papers wi-itten by 
twenty-eight different authors, that it was illustrated by fifty 
plates and woodcuts, extended over 630 pages, and was the fifth 
volume which Canon Scott Eobertson had enjoyed the privilege of 
editing for the Society. 

The Secretary reported that, on the 24th of September instant, 

Mr. Neale's facsimile drawing (made at the Society's expense from 

a wall painting in Canterbury Cathedral Crypt), representing The 

Naming of St. John the Bajytist, had been placed, duly framed and 

VOL. XIV. d 



xlii KENT AKCHiEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

glazed, in the Library of the Dean and Chapter. Subsequently 
the Council passed a resolution authorising the Secretary to deliver 
to tlie liev. Canon James C. Kobertson (Librarian of the Chapter 
Library) the other drawings made by Mr. Neale, and used in the 
illustrations of Archd'olojin Cdutiana, Volume Xlll, upon the dis- 
tinct condition that the said drawings shall be exhibited within the 
Library, in perpetuity, and shall on no account be removed from 
the Cathedral precincts. Canon James C. Eobertson guaranteed 
that this condition should be complied with. 

Votes of Tbanks for assistance rendered at the Society's 
Annual Meeting, at Tenterden, were then accorded to Captain 
Tylden-Pattenson, for making all the preliminary arrangements 
respecting carriages and the dinner; to Mr. Furley, Canon 
Jenkins, the Eev. F. Haslewood, the Eev. E. C. Hales, the Eev. A. 
J. Pearman, the Eev. W. B. Staveley, the Eev. E. M. jMuriel, and 
the Eev. M. D. French, for Papers read by them ; to the Eev. F. 
Haslewood, the Eev. S. C. Tress Beale, Mr. J. Ellis Mace, junior, 
and Mr. S. Willsher, for much help with the Museum ; to Mr. 
Outram, of the London and County Bank at Tenterden, for kindly 
issuing the tickets ; to Mr. and Mrs. Selmes, of Losenham Abbey, 
for hospitality and great assistance at New en den ; to Eev. F. B. 
Wells and Mrs. Wlielau, for hospitality ; to Mr. T. H. Oyler, for 
much valuable assistance at Headcorn ; to Mr. George Payne, 
junior, for directing the carriages during both days ; to Sir Edmund 
Filmer, for presiding at the Dinner. 

It was resolved that the Secretary should investigate and report 
upon the feasibility of holding the next Annual Meeting at Can- 
terbury with a view to visiting Wingham. 

Mention was made of the discovery of wall paintings in Brooke 
Church, near Wye, and of the Archbishop's desire that something 
might be done to rescue the ruins of the chancel of St. Pancras 
Chapel (near St. Augustine's College, Canterbury) from the degra- 
dation it now suffers at the hands of its owner. 

The Bodleian Library at Oxford, and seven other applicants for 
membership of the Society, w^ere then elected to that privilege. 



On Thursday, Dec. 30th, 1880, the Council met at Maidstone, 
in the Society's Eooms. The Earl Amherst presided, and ten 
members of Council attended. 

It was resolved that the next Annual Meeting shall be held at 
Canterbury, and that Wingham shall be visited on the second day. 

Seventeen new Members were elected. 



On the 21st of March, 1881, the Council met at Canterbury, in 
the Library of the Dean and Chapter. The Dean of Canterbury 
presided, and ten members of Council were present, 



PROCEEDINGS, 1881. xliii 

The Report o£ the Local Committee for arranging the Annual 
Meeting was fully discussed. 

Nine new Members were elected. 



On the 21st of June, 1881, the Council assembled at the house 
of the noble President in Grosvenor Square. The Earl Amherst 
took the chair, and nine JNI embers were present. 

The Secretary reported that he had visited Eeculver, and in 
response to his representations, the Director of Admii'alty works, 
Colonel Pasley, C.B., had courteously ordered that the work neces- 
sary for protecting the newly exposed portion of the core of the 
wall of the Roman Gastrum at Reculver, shall be so arranged as to 
leave visible the greater portion of the ancient work. 

He reported likewise respecting the excavations at St. Pancras 
Chapel, Canterbury, which the Bishop of Dover and Canon Rout- 
ledge are conducting. 

The programme of the Annual Meeting was finally settled. 

Nine new Members were elected. 



On Wednesday, July 27th, 1881, the Twenty-fourth Annual 
Meeting of the Society was commenced, at Canterbury, by holding 
the Business Meeting in the Schoolroom, or ancient upper hall (of 
the time of Richard II or Henry lY), in the Hospital of St. 
Thomas, at Eastbridge. The Earl Amherst presided, and around 
him were seated the Bishop of Dover, Sir Walter Stirling, Arch- 
deacon Harrison, Canon J. C. Robertson, General MacQueen, 
Robert Eurley, Esq., Gr. E. Hannam, Esq., the Rev. W. Temple 
(Master of Eastbridge Hospital), Lionel Fletcher, Esq., W. O. 
Hammond, Esq., Captain Hatfeild, the Rev. T. A. Carr, Mrs. Carr 
and Lady Oakeley, Colonel Hartley, G-eneral Dixon, the Rev. Dr. 
Reyner, the Rev. W. Benham, Canon Scott Robertson, etc., etc. 

The following Report was read and adopted : — 

The Twenty-fourth Annual Report of the Kent Archfeological Society is 
being read at Canterbury, where the First and Eleventh Annual Meetings were 
held in 1858 and 1868. This fact reminds us that the Society has now visited 
almost every ancient town in Kent which possesses accommodation sufficient 
for the numbers that annually attend its meetings. In future, therefore, the 
Society will probably find it needful to meet again at towns which its members 
have already examined. Nevertheless, as during the present meeting a route 
entirely new to the Society will be taken for the excursion, so around many of 
the other towns already visited many villages not yet explored by the Society 
can be found which are worthy of attention. 

Since the last Annual Meeting the Thirteenth Volume of Arclicpologla 
Cantiana has been issued ; its entire cost has been defrayed ; the sum of 
£10.5 has been invested in Consols ; and the Society now has standing to its 
credit at the bankers the sum of £275 15s. 4d. The Council therefore feel fully 
justified in preparing to issue another volume of Arcliceologia Cantiana. 
Several sheets of the Fourteenth Volume are already printed, and it is hoped 
that the whole may be ready for issue about Christmas. 

It is satisfactory to the Society to know that its volumes are sought for not 



Xliv KENT ARCHiEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

only by Kentish antiquaries but by great libraries at home and abroad. Since 
the last Annual Meeting the cntrauce fee has been given and the Annual Sub- 
scription paid Ijy the Bodleian Library at Oxford and by the Sydney Free 
Library in Australia. 

The number of new Members who have joined the Society since last July is 
considerably above the average. Sixty-two have already been elected, and 
sixteen await election at your hands to-day. 

Interesting discoveries of foundations containing Roman masonry have been 
recently made at St. Pancras ruins, in the cemetery of the ancient Abbey of St. 
Augustine, outside the city of Canterbury. These will be shown by the Society 
to-day. Other discoveries have been made near Canterbury and Wingham by 
Mr. Dowker, who will explain them this cvcuiug and to-morrow. The fruits of 
other discoveries made at Faversham and Canterbury will be seen in the tem- 
porary museum, where they have been placed by Mr. Brent and Mr. Shejjpard. 
At the Roman castrum of Reculver, the demolition of certain wooden outbuild- 
ings has exposed to view a portion of the core of the Roman wall, not before 
seen. Owing to a slight landslip, this masonry needs to be underpinned. The 
Admiralty had resolved to underpin it and to face it with new brickwork. 
Your Secretary having represented the state of the case to Colonel Tasley, the 
Director of Works, who is a member of our Society, that gentleman has most 
kindly ordered that instead of a complete masking wall, nothing more than 
piers necessary for support shall be placed over the old wall-core. At the 
same time he expressed his pleasure in being able to comply with the wishes of 
vour Council. 

The retiring Members of Council were re-elected ; Mr. R. C. 
Hussey and tlie E-ev. Canon E. Moore were again reappointed as 
Auditors ; and the Rev. H. Gr. Eolt was elected Honorary Local 
Secretary for Canterbury, in place of Canon E. Moore "(who is 
leaving Canterbury), to whom the thanks of the Society were 
accorded for his kindly services. 

Sixteen gentlemen were elected Members of the Society. 

The crypt of Eastbridge Hospital, the groining piers of which 
have round abacuses, of about a.d. 1180, was then inspected ; and 
Mr. James Neale, F.S.A., described a good fresco (of about the 
same date) discovered last year when a modern fireplace and chim- 
ney, within the lower hall of the Hospital, were removed. 

St, Martin's Church was visited under the guidance of Canon 
Eoutledge, whose paper (printed in this volume) was supplemented 
by some remarks from Mr. Loftus Brock, F.S.A., Secretary of 
the British Archaeological Association. At the ruins of St. Pancras 
Chapel, within the grounds of the Kent and Canterbury Hospital, 
Canon Eoutledge described the Eoman foundations of the walls of 
the western porch, nave, and south-western chantry. His paper is 
printed in this volume. Mr. Loftus Brock drew attention to the 
base of a Eoman column in situ, first noticed by him this morning, 
in the southern pier of the chancel arch. TheEev. E. E. Oger drew 
attention to a mound (south of St. Pancras) on which he said the 
campanile had stood. The high-way once ran between it and St. 
Pancras. Passing into the garden immediately behind the Kent 
and Canterbury Hospital, the Members inspected the Norman 
north wall of the north aisle of the Church of St. Augustine's 
Abbey. The Eev. E. E. Orger (lately Sub-warden of St. Augustine's 
College) and the Eev. Canon Bailey (lately Warden of that College) 
described the ruins of the Abbey Church, of which there remain 



PROCEEDINGS, 1881. xlv 

much of one moiety o£ the western walls, and the base of the 
north-west tower (called Ethelbert's). The Rev. E. F. Taylor and 
some students of the College had dug away the soil, and exposed to 
view an original tiled floor of the north aisle ; the tiles being of the 
fifteenth century probably. 

Passing through a doorway in the north wall forming the base 
of Ethelbert's tower, the company entered the Courtyard of the 
Missionary College of St. Augustine. There on the eastern ter- 
race Mr. Orger gave a vivid description of the ancient Abbey. 
Subsequently he led the Members up the ancient staircase to in- 
spect the old Guesten Chapel (now restored and enlarged as 
the Chapel of the College), and to the antique Guesten Hall, on the 
opposite side of the staircase, which has been restored and is now 
used as the College Dining Hall. Thence Mr. Orger led them 
down another staircase into the ancient gateway built by Abbot 
Fyndon circa a.d. 1308. 

From St. Augustine's Gateway the Members passed directly 
across Lady Wootton's Green to the postern gate (of the precincts) 
in the ancient city wall. Through the kindly arrangements of 
Archdeacon Harrison and his nephew Mr. Thornton the Society's 
progress was thus greatly facilitated. On the bowling-green of 
the Chapter, which is bounded by the city wall and one of its 
towers (fitted up as a dove-cot), Archdeacon Harrison delivered a 
discourse upon the ancient history of the spot, and thence con- 
ducted a large party to the Cathedral Church entering by the 
south-west door. The Rev. Canon J. C. Robertson kindly received 
another party upon the lawn of his Canonical house, where he 
pointed out the mound upon which formei'ly stood the campanile of 
Christ Church directly south of the central tower. Emerging from 
his garden, Canon Robertson courteously guided his party to the 
south-west gate of the cloisters, and having described the scene of 
Becket's murder, led them through the Cathedral Church, explaining 
the various points of interest in the able manner so characteristic 
of him. 

A third party was led by Canon Scott Robertson to the north- 
east door of the Crypt. Upon their entrance the Crypt was at 
once illuminated by gas jets, which the Dean and Chapter had, 
through their able and active Surveyor, Mr. H. G. Austin, caused 
to be inserted specially for the visit of the Society. The entire 
Crypt was inspected, including the French Church and the Black 
Prince's Chantry. Canon Scott Robertson drew attention to the 
westernmost wall of the Crypfc, scraped clear of plaister and white- 
wash specially for this visit, and stated Mr. James Parker's belief 
that in the rubble wall thus exposed to view some part of Augus- 
tine's original building may remain. Attention was likewise drawn 
to the huge masonry of two coigns north and south of the crypt, 
about seven feet from the same west wall. The difference between 
the masonry of these coigns, and all the other masonry of the Crypt, 
was discovered last year by Canon Scott Robertson, who first 
called attention to the matter in the Preface to his History of this 



xlvi KENT ARCH^OLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Crypt, pages v, vi, and in Archceologia Gantiana, XIII, p. 25, note, 
and on tlie plate opposite thereto representing a plan of this part 
of the Crypt. 

At three o'clock there was Divine Service in the Choir, which 
was attended by a large number of tlie Members and their friends. 

The dinner was provided in the Music Hall, St. Margaret's 
Street, at -i.l5 p.m. The Earl Anilierst presided, and was supported 
by the Dean of Canterbury and Mrs. Watkin, Lady Oakeley, Sir 
Walter Stirling, Archdeacon Harrison, Canons Bailey, Coison, 
Koutledge, Griffin, and Jenkins, Generals Dixon and MacQueen, 
Colonel Hartley, Major Parker, Captains Tylden-Pattenson and 
Hatfeild, Canon Scott Robertson, Robert Furley, Esq., Dr. Furley, 
etc., etc., the company numbering about 250. 

After dinner tlie Dean of Canterbury and Mrs. Payne Smith 
hospitably received the Members at a garden party, refreshments 
being served in the large dining-room, the walls of which are hung 
with porti'aits of former Archbishops and Deans. A large number 
of ladies and gentlemen availed themselves of the opportunity 
afforded by the Dean's courtesy for inspecting the city walls which 
bound his garden, and examining the pictures within the Deanery. 

The Evening Meeting was held within the Library of the Dean 
and Chapter, which had been temporarily lighted with gas for the 
occasion. The thanks of the Society were especially due to Mr. 
H. G. Austin, the Chapter's surveyor, for the very skilful and in- 
genious manner in which this temporary introduction of gas-pipes 
was so rapidly and effectively carried out. A temporary museum 
of very great interest had been arranged in the Library, under the 
courteous superintendence of Canon James C. Robertson, by Mr. 
J. Brigstocke Sheppard and Mr. John Brent, F.S.A., ably assisted 
by Mr. J. Russell Hall. 

Amidst the bright accessories of this museum the Evening 
Meeting was held under the presidency of the Dean of Canterbury. 
Canon Jenkins enunciated an opinion that close-jointed masonry 
was introduced into England by Archbishop Lanfranc. His argu- 
ments were met by others advanced by Mr. Loftus Brock and Mr. 
Wadmore, Archdeacon Harrison, and others, who took an opposite 
view. 

Mr. James Neale, E.S.A., then read a long paper upon the wall 
paintings in the Cathedral, refei'ring to the various copies of them 
made by himself, which were displayed in the room. 

Mr. George Dowker, F.G.S., described a camp found by him in 
Fish Pond Wood, east of Canterbury, and drew attention to a 
Roman villa at Wingham, of which he had uncovered the fragment 
of a bath-wall encrusted with mosaic of black and white tesserae. 



On Thursday, July 28th, the Society left Canterbury in the 
morning and proceeded to Ickham Rectory, where they were most 
hospitably received by the Rev. Edward and Mrs. Gilder, who had 



PROCEEDINGS, 1881. xlvii 

provided coffee and light refreshments for the company on their 
lawn. The ancient portion of the E,ectory-house was inspected. It 
consists of two storeys, each containing one large room. The lower 
room, now used as a kitchen, has a good square-headed window, of 
three lights, with shafted stone mullions of about the time of 
King Henry VII. The ceiling shews a large number of moulded 
joists and beams of similar age. The upper room, Mrs. Gilder's 
nursery, has a window of still earlier chai^acter. This fragment of 
the ancient manse is complete in itself, but is now flacked and en- 
closed by more modern portions of the house. 

Ickham Church was described by the Eector, the Eev. E. 
Grilder. A paper thereon is printed in this volume. 

At AVingham Church Canon IScott Eobertson read a paper, 
which has been crowded out of the present volume, but it is in- 
tended to print it in the next volume. Walking south-west from 
the Church to a field on Mr. Eobinson's farm, the members in- 
spected Mr. Dowker's discovery of a Koman wall encrusted with 
mosaic work. A paper descriptive of the results of further excava- 
tions here will be found in this volume. 

Two old houses formerly inhabited by Canons of Wingham 
were visited before luncheon was obtained in the garden of 
one of them, now occupied as an inn. The Red Lion. A sketch of 
these old houses, with a history of them, will be found three 
pages hence (pp. 1-lii). 

From Wingham the Society went to Adisham Church, where 
the Eev. H. M. Villiers welcoming the Members to his Church 
begged them all to kneel and say with him the Lord's Prayer, before 
he described the building. This was reverently done. Mr. Villiers' 
paper descripti\e of his Church is printed in this volume. 

Proceeding to Bifrons, the seat of the Marquess Conyngham, 
the Society was welcomed there by the Vicar, the Eev. F. T. Vine, 
and by Lord Conyngham's worthy steward, Mr. Eobert Smith. 
The house (named from its having two handsome fronts) is not yet 
a century old, but in its side hall there is a fine collection of Saxon 
antiquities which were excavated from a Saxon cemetery in the 
Park a few years ago. After inspecting them the Members 
walked through the dining-room, the drawing-room, and the 
conservatory. The pictures by Holbein, Rembrandt, and Watteau, 
and many curious examples of Flemish art and Venetian furni- 
ture were duly seen and admired. Through the garden access 
was obtained to Patricksbourne Church, which was described by 
the Eev. F. T. Vine. A paper thereon is printed in this volume. 

After a charming drive through Bifrons Park, Bridge, and 
Bourne Park, Bishopsbourne Church was reached. The Eev. T. 
Hirst kindly exhibited the Parish Eegister, signed at the foot of 
many a page by the "judicious " Eichard Hooker. The autographs 
were examined with great interest by many, but by none with 
greater zest than by Master Eichard Hooker, the young son of Sir 
Joseph Hooker of Kew, who, with Lady Hooker, had accompanied the 
Society to this scene of the great Hooker's labours and death 



Xlviii KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

His mural monument on tlie south wall of the cliancel was pointed 
out. Its inscription is often misunderstood ; but it correctly 
states that Hooker died in A.n. IGOO. The tablet itself was not 
erected until 1(533, when AVilliatn Cowper, l^sq., was at the cost of 
placinfi; it here. The Churcli was restored under tlie superintendence 
of the hite Kector, Dr. Sandford, who is now Bishop of (libraltar. In 
the tower, the west window has been filled with stained glass by 
Dr. Sandford's pupils, as a memorial of their regard. 

In Bishopsbourne Eectory Mr. and j\Irs. Hirst kindly admitted 
the Members to their dining-room, which was Hooker's study 
in which he died. The ceiling (decorated under Dr. Sandford's 
auspices) is of similar character to that seen in the morning at 
Ickham Rectory ; but this at Bishopsbourne is of later date, and its 
beams are rather more elaborately moulded. In the Rectory- 
garden Mrs. Hirst gave tea and coffee to her visitors, at a table 
placed beside a thick hedge of yew which had been planted by the 
"judicious" Hooker little less than three centuries ago. 

This was the last place visited by the Society, and on leaving, 
the Members, incited by Mr. Robert Furley, gave three hearty 
cheers for Canon Scott Robertson and Messrs. Payne, Spurrell, 
and Thornton, who had successfully conducted the Society's two days' 
excursions to a happy termination. 

In the museum arranged in the Chapter Library at Canterbury 
by Mr. Sheppard, Mr. Hall, and Mr. Brent, was seen the large 
collection of miscellaneous articles brought home from the 
Continent of Europe in the reign of Charles II by Prebendary 
Bargrave, and bequeathed by him to the Dean and Chapter. A 
large and varied collection of Manuscript Illuminations of the 
twelfth and thirteenth centuries was arranged by Mr. Sheppard ; 
Roman and Saxon antiquities were contributed by Mr. John 
Brent and others ; and a large number of prints and pictures 
illustrative of ancient Canterbury and its Cathedral added much to 
the interest of the museum. 



The Council met on the 80th August, 1881, at Maidstone, in 
the Society's Rooms. Earl Amherst presided, and six Members of 
Council were in attendance. 

Thanks were voted to Mr. J. B. Sheppard, for his untiring 
services in issuing the tickets, arranging the museum, and facili- 
tating the proceedings in various ways ; to the Dean of Canterbury, 
the Rev. E. Gilder, and the Rev. Thos. Hirst, for kindly hospitality; 
to Canon J. C. Robertson and Archdeacon Harrison, for much 
help in various matters ; to the Chapter, for the use of the Library ; 
to Canon Routledge, the Rev. H. M. Villiers, the Rev. F. T. Vine, 
and Lord Conyngham, for admitting the Society to their Churches 
and to Bifrons ; to Mr. Greo. Payne, Mr. Spurrell, Mr. H. Thornton, 
Mr. J. R. Hall, and Mr. George Dowker, for their kindly help. 



PROCEEDINGS, 1882. xlix 

Votes of money for costs of excavations were made, viz., to 
Canon Routledge £5, for excavations at St. Pancras Cliurch, Can- 
terbury, upon which he and the Bishop of Dover have expended 
three times that sum ; and £10 at once to Mr. George Dowker to 
enable him to prosecute the exploration of a Eoman Villa at 
"Wingham. If needed, it was resolved that a second sum of £10 
might be contributed, if the Secretary of the Society thought fit, 
after at least £30 raised from other sources had been expended 
upon the work. 

It was referred to the Secretary to examine and report upon the 
desirability of holding the next Annual Meeting at Maidstone. 

Two new Members were elected. 



On the 31st of January, 1882, the Council met at the Society's 
Eooms, Maidstone. The Earl Amherst presided, and ten Members 
of Council were in attendance. 

It was resolved that the Annual Meeting shall this year be held 
at Maidstone; and that, on the second day, visits shall be paid to 
Leeds Castle and Lenham. The days suggested for the meeting 
were Wednesday and Thursday the 2nd and 3rd of August. 

The Secretary reported that Mr. Uowker, having uncovered two 
tessellated floors and the t tes of four rooms of the Roman Villa at 
Wingham, stopped his excavations for the winter, after he had 
expended about £20. Consequently no further grant of money 
was yet required. In the spring of this year, however, more ex- 
tended excavations will be undertaken around the same site. 

Eleven new Members were elected. 

The plates and all the printed sheets of Arcliceologia Cantiana, 
Vol. XIV, were laid on the table. It contains 33 Papers by 18 
different writers, with 45 Illustrations, and will extend over 450 
pages. It is the sixth volume which has been edited for the 
Society by Canon Scott Robertson. 



VOL. XIV. 



( 1 ) 



CANONS' HOUSES AT WINGHAM. 



The old liouscs, so admirably sketched by Mr. Wadmore for the 
annexed plate, are the only visible remains of those ancient dwell- 
ings which were occupied, during 250 years, by members of the 
Mediaeval College of Wingham. They stand on the south side of 
the village street, at its eastern end, and were erected in the four- 
teenth or fifteenth century, as residences for Canons of Wingham. 
Hence, in the last century, they were called Canon Row. 

The house of the Provost, since called The College, stood north- 
west of them on the opposite side of the village street. The Manor- 
house of the Archbishop was situated still further towards the 
north-west. In that Manor-house at least three of our kings had 
been entertained. Edward I was there, the guest of Archbishop 
Winchelsey, during three days Sept. 28-30, in 1295 ; Edward II 
there visited Archbishop Eeynolds in the summer of 1324 ; and 
Edward III was entertained by Archbishop Meopham on the 20th 
of April 1331. Not a vestige, however, can now be seen of the 
archiepiscopal residence. 

The ancient gabled dwelling of the Provost, called the College, 
which, after the Dissolution, became the seat of the Palmer 
baronets, remained standing until the middle of this century, when 
it was pulled down and a new house was built upon its site. Its 
destruction snapped another link between the modern village of 
"Wingham and its ancient glory. That Provost's House had been 
at various epochs the residence of ecclesiastics, Avho eventually dis- 
tinguished themselves in the state, and attained high honours in 
the Church. One of the earliest Provosts in the reign of Edward I 
was Amadeus, son of the powerful Lord St. John. Among his 
successors were William Eeade, who became Bishop of Chichester 
in 1369 ; Thomas Eotherham, Archbishop of Tork ; and five Arch- 
deacons, four of whom were closely related to Archbishops. One 
of them, Thomas Morton, was Archdeacon of Ely ; three were 
Archdeacons of Canterbuiy, viz., Thomas Chicheley, William 
Warham, and Edmund Cranmer ; one Henry Ediall, was Arch- 
deacon of Rochester. The Canons' houses had been occupied by 
men who subsequently achieved still higher honours. Archbishop 
Whittlesey, and Archbishop Kemp ; Richard Courtenay, Bishop of 
Norwich (1413-16) ; and Philip Morgan, Bishop of Worcester 
(1419-25), and of Ely (1425-37) ; John Stopyndon, Master of the 
Rolls (1438-46) ; John Prophet, Dean of York (1416) ; Vincent 
Clement, Archdeacon of Huntingdon, Wilts, and Winchester 



canons' houses at wingham. li 

(1458-72); and several ecclesiastical judges who dispensed justice, 
as Dean of the Arches or as Chancellor of the Archbishop, had occu- 
pied Canons' stalls and houses at Wingham. 

From traces o£ important ruins discovered in the garden of the 
modern Vicarage-house, we may infer that the residences of the 
Canons extended southward from the street for a consider- 
able distance. Probably they may have been erected around a 
quadrangular close, of which the north side stood in the present 
street, and the eastern side abutted upon the high road which leads 
to Adisham. It is a very singular fact that these Canonical houses 
in Wingham were accounted to stand within the liberty of the 
Cinque Port of Hastings. 

There were six Prebendaries or Canons, and each of them' was 
bound by the College statutes to reside here during at least four 
months of every year. In 1511 there were also four Yicars 
Choral, one Stipendiary Chaplain, four Choral Clerks, and two 
Choristers attached to the College. Nor was this the full com- 
plement of the staff comtemplated by the statutes of foundation. 
The nnmber of Vicars Choral should have been eight, each of them 
in Priest's or Deacon's ordei's ; and there should have been four 
trained choristers. Consequently the Collegiate buildings must 
have occupied a considerable area. When the College was finally 
dissolved in 1547-8, pensions for life were assigned to the officials ; 
and no less than fourteen of them survived until the reign of Queen 
Mary, when they were still receiving these annual allowances. 

In the Prebendal-house attached to his Wimelingwelde 
Canonry, Dr. William de Heghtresbury made his will in the year 
1372. Yet he was buried in Ickham Church, of which he was Eector. 

Private Chapels were attached to some, at least, of the Canons' 
houses here. This fact has been made memorable by a curious 
incident which occurred about the year 1360. Dugdale* narrates 
how a niece of Edw. Ill, the Lady Elizabeth, daughter of the 
Marquess of Juliers, Earl of Cambridge, became a veiled nun after 
the death, in 1352, of her husband, John, Earl of Kent, brother 
of the fair Joan of Kent who married the Black Prince. Neverthe- 
less, she subsequently forsook her vows, and was secretly married 
to Sir Eustace D'Aubrichecourt in the Chapel of the dwelling-house 
of Robert atte Brome, a Canon of Wingham. 

Which of the Prebendal houses was occupied by him we 
cannot clearly ascertain ; but it was either that of the Pedding or 
of the Bonington Canonry. Eobert atte Brome, no doubt, derived 
his name from an estate in Barham. which gives its name to Brome 
Park the chief seat of the Oxenden family. He remained in posses- 
sion of his Canonry and Prebendal-house here until 1372, when he 
was buried in Wingham Church. His will is preserved at 
Lambeth ; in it he remembered all his colleagues here, bequeathing 
to each Canon five marks (£3 6s. 8d.) ; 13s. 4d. to each Vicar, and 
20s. to the Little Clerks {parvis clericis). 

''^ Baronage, ii., 9.5. 



Hi canons' houses at wingham. 

"Whether he shared in the punishments awarded for the 
clandestine marriao;e, we cannot say ; but the lady who broke her 
relii^ious vows, and lier luisband, were both of them subjected to 
severe penances duriug the whole subsequent course of their 
lives. 

llespecting the dwelling attached to the Chilton Canonry, 
which Archbishop "Whittlesey once occupied, it is recorded that, in 
1511, when Ambrose Payne was its incumbent, the house so 
greatly needed repair as to be nearly ruinous. Canon Payne had 
obtained the Chilton Prebend in April, 1499, and he held it until 
1521, when he exchanged it for a Canon's stall in the Collegiate 
Chui'ch of Hastings. Whether he repaired the dwelling-house, or 
suffered it to fall down, we are not informed. 

Mr. Parker says, in his Domestic Architecture of the Middle 
A(/es, that at Wingham there are several timber and half-timber 
houses of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and one of the 
fourteenth.* He ascribes tlie latter to the reign of Edward III,t 
and gives an engraving of the well-moulded barge-board in its 
gable. J One of the fifteenth century houses at Wingham, 
which Mr. Parker engraves, § seems to be identical with that 
Prebendal-house which stands nearest to the spectator in Mr. 
Wadmore's sketch here given. This house contains on the ground 
floor, a panelled ceiling, identical with or very similar to that of the 
fifteenth century which Mr. Parker has engraved upon an earlier 
page of his work.|| The remoter dwelling-house shewn in Mr. 
Wadmore's sketch is now the Eed Lion Inn, much frequented by 
artists and tourists, where the Bench of Magistrates sits once a 
month, and where the members of the Kent Archaeological Society 
obtained their luncheon on the 28th of July, 1881. Many of its 
rooms are of great interest to the Antiquary ; and one of the 
smaller windows in the upper storey of its front seems to be of a 
date almost as early as the reign of Richard II. 

W. A. Scott Robertson. 



* Vol. iii., 308. f Vol. il., 288. J Vol. ii., 30. 

§ Vol. iii., 308. || Vol. iii., 127. 



Jrrltaj0l0jjia djantiana* 



THE PAMILY OE GULDEFOED.* 

BY THE REV. CANON R. C. JENKINS. 

Ip the district of East Kent is interesting to us, from 
its representing the scene of our earliest recorded 
history, and bringing back to us the memories and 
traditions of that proud isolation which our county 
once enjoyed, as the most ancient of the kingdoms of 
the Heptarchy — if the country of North Kent claims 
our interest, on the ground of the close and early con- 
nection in which it places us with the Metropolis, and 
from the manner in which it fills up the intermediate 
portion of our history, and that of the eminent families 
who were connected with its feudal period — that im- 
portant division, in the county, which we traverse 
during our Tenterden Congress, has the distinctive 
advantage of introducing us to the most stirring and 
eventful period in the annals of our country ; a period 
from which the domestic and social history of England 
may be said to begin. This period is as marked in its 
architectural features, as it is in the spiritual and 
ecclesiastical changes it witnessed ; and is covered by 
the reigns of the only family of our kings which has 
a native name and an English origin. The records of 
the Tudor dynasty, which, unlike any previous one, 
was English, not only in its origin but in its many 
and varied alliances, bring before us almost a romance 
* A Paper read at Tenterden, on July 28, 1880. 

TOL. XIV. B 



2 THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 

of history ; carry us into almost every scene of English 
life, whether puhlic or private, from the grand pageant 
of the Field of the Cloth of Gold, to the progresses of 
Elizabeth from house to house among her people ; and 
present to us the first and grandest type of that strange 
and composite social system, which no other country 
has ever realised ; in which every class and every in- 
dividual has his necessary and appointed place in the 
great framework of society; which might well be 
likened to a splendid mosaic work, in which the rarest 
stones and the brightest colours are blended with the 
humbler ground- work, whose subdued tints give them 
increased beauty by their very contrast, but in which 
every stone is equally necessary, both to the safety and 
the completeness of the work. It is thus that from 
this memorable period every class of society, and every 
member of it from the highest to the lowest, have 
found their proper place, without rivalry and without 
disturbance. The sanguinary and ruinous campaigns 
in Erance, and the still more fatal and fratricidal civil 
war which depopulated England, had almost destroyed 
all the ancient nobility; whose memories are from time 
to time revived among us, in the titles called out of 
abeyance from among the descendants of their female 
heirs ; and, out of the social fabric thus shattered and 
all but destroyed, the first of the Tudors had to build 
up a new aristocracy and new counsellors. It seems 
as though the Weald of Kent was destined to be almost 
the seed-plot of this new plantation. In the mansions 
that surround us, some still in existence though re- 
taining the venerable features of antiquity, others in 
ruins, and others again rebuilt to represent a later age 
and its higher requirements, we recognise the homes 
of some of the most historic families of the Tudor 



THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 3 

period ; many of them the near relatives, and too often 
for that very reason the inevitable victims, of one of 
the greatest and yet, perhaps, the very worst of our 
kings. Por we are in the country of the Boleyns, of 
the Guldefords, of the Sydneys, of the Auchers, of 
the Colepepers, of the Hales, the Roberts, the 
Mayneys, the Harlackendens, the Bakers, and a host 
of kindred families, whose memorials fill the churches 
around us, and whose public and private life is inter- 
woven with that of the most touching and romantic 
period of our national history. I wish that I had 
but the grouping and colouring skill of the painter, or 
the descriptive power of a word-painting historian, or 
the fire of a dramatist, that I might bring before your 
imagination, as vividly as I could wish, the more 
illustrious of the members of these great historic 
houses ; but it would need almost the wand of a ma- 
gician to conjure up the many scenes of stirring interest 
in which they took part, and the strange vicissitudes 
which were witnessed in their ever-changing fortunes. 

But there is one family among the number which 
stands out from the rest more conspicuously than any 
other ; and whose name gathers around it some of the 
noblest memories and most affecting incidents of the 
period — that of the Guldefords of Hempsted in Benen- 
den, and of Halden in Bolvenden ; eminent from a 
much earlier age than that which witnessed its con- 
nection with royalty ; illustrious in the person of the 
great Duchess of Northumberland, whose maiden 
name is read in that of the unfortunate Lord Guide- 
ford Dudley, the husband of Lady Jane Grey, " who 
were lovely and pleasant in their lives, while in their 
deaths they were not divided." 

The little parish of East Guldeford in Sussex, in 

B 2 



4 THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 

the near neiglibourliood of Hye, a cheerless marshland, 
numbering about a hundred and fifty inhabitants, gave 
its name to this ancient house — a name which has almost 
perished as a patronymic, while it survives in that of the 
parish, which forms thus a " magni nominis umhra.^^ 
I do not find any mention of it in Domesday ; and, if a 
conjecture may be hazarded in regard to its derivation, 
I might suggest that it marked the limit of the juris- 
diction of the guilds connected with the Cinque port 
of E/ye. Or, it might represent to us the ford at 
which a toll or payment was exacted, from those 
travelling from Kent into Sussex ; an early form of the 
name being Geldeforde, which occurs in 13-17.* In 
this case, its origin would be analogous to that of the 
village which gave name to the illustrious family of 
Zintzendorf, and to the castle which gave a still higher 
title to the imperial house of Hohenzollern. 

I shall not attempt to carry up the pedigree, of the 
family, to that period which every herald vaguely as- 
sumes to be the only possible starting-point, of every 
house which has made itself famous in English history ; 
whether, in Shakespeare's words, it was " born great, 
achieved greatness, or had greatness thrust upon it." 

The origin of the family is, fortunately, sufficiently 
remote, and venerable, to enable us to dispense with a 
reference to the fabulous list of the followers of the 
Conqueror. From E;ichard Guldeford, its earliest 
ascertained ancestor, who, according to the ordinary 
reckoning of descents, must have been born about 
the year 1186, the pedigree merely records the names 
of its successive links, until we reach the first member 
of it who gave it celebrity and a distinguished rank 
in the county — that of William de Guldeford, who 

* Arch. Cant., Vol. X., p. 122. 



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Sir Jo. Guldufortl^Dorotby, da. of John Copley by Annv. 
of Kent, Km. dHu;;htci- of the Lord ffoo. 

Sir Thomas Guldcfonl. 



THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 5 

lived in the eleventh year of Richard II (1388). In 
that year, this William (who had obtained by a grant 
from the Crown the manor of Hempstcd in Benenden 
on the attainder of Sir Hobert Belknap) kept his 
shrievalty at that ancient seat. He married Joane, 
daughter and heiress of John de Halden, in whose 
right he became possessed of the ancient inheritance 
of Lambin, otherwise Halden, in the adjoining 
parish of Holvenden. He was grandfather of Sir 
John Guldeford, Comptroller of the Household to 
King Edward IV. In the following reign, he espoused 
the cause of the Earl of Richmond, for which both 
himself and his son Sir Richard were attainted in the 
first Parliament of Richard III. After the great 
event of Bosworth, and the settlement of the crown 
upon Henry VII, the attainders of both the father and 
the son were reversed; and the fortunes of the family 
flowed on, in full tide, until tliey reached their highest 
point in the following reign. Sir Richard, who liad 
fled on his attainder, returned with the Earl of Rich- 
mond ; and was knighted by him at Milford Haven. 
After the accession of the Earl as Henry VII, he was 
sworn of the Privy Council, made Master of the 
Ordnance, and created a Knight Banneret for his 
services against the Cornish rebels at Blackheath. 
In the ninth year of the same reign, he held his 
shrievalty at Halden, and was made Knight of the 
Garter. This eminent person left two sons ; JEdward^ 
the elder, who carried on the succession at his seat of 
Halden ; and George, the second son, who carried on 
the junior line at Hempsted, which, although tlie 
original settlement of the Guldcfords, became, by tlie 
will of Sir Richard, the residence of the younger 
branch. This line, distinguished by a baronetcy in 



6 THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 

1685, is believed to have become entirely extinct in 
the early part of the last century. 

I must now ask you to concentrate your attention 
upon the elder l)ranch, which was seated at Ilalden ; 
that of Sir Edward Guldeford whose monument (we 
trust an imperishable one) is the south chapel of the 
present Church of Rolvenden, which he founded on 
April 14th, 1444. He married Eleanor, the daughter 
of Thomas Lord Delawarr, and had issue an only son. 
Sir Eichard, who died in Spain childless ; and here, as 
a passing observation, we may note the early con- 
nection of the family with Spain, which was begun 
by the half-brother of Sir Edward Guldeford, Sir 
Henry, who was created a Knight of the Garter, and 
distinguished himself in the wars of King Eerdinand 
of Spain against the Moors, being present at the 
taking of Grenada. Eor this service, he received from 
that monarch a picturesque addition to the arms of 
the family, in the form of a canton charged with the 
pomegranate (the apple of Grenada), which, as it was 
borne by his collateral descendants, was apparently 
given to his family as well as to himself. He died 
without issue in the 23rd year of Henry VIII. This 
intimate connection with the Spanish Court was, as 
we shall see hereafter, not unfruitful in its results to 
the family in the day of trial and misfortune. We 
revert, from this passing digression, to the family of 
Sir Edward, the elder half-brother of the Spanish 
crusader (if we may so term him), and our eye falls 
first upon that member of the family which forms the 
central point of interest and attraction, in its long and 
chequered history. The Lady Jane Guldeford, who 
became the heiress of her brother Sir Eichard, was 
early married to one whose political intrigues and 



THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 7 

exalted position placed him, from the first, in the most 
conspicuous and therefore the most perilous position ; 
in the day when the life of the humblest peasant was 
safer than that of the most dignified courtier, however 
he might be loaded with titles and ensigns of nobility 
— for these became in truth mere pondera ad rumam 
to men who, like John Dudley, Duke of Northumber- 
land, were too near the throne to be for a single day 
beyond the peril of a fall. I think (and you will 
doubtless think with me) that we can hardly conceive a 
more touching picture than that of Jane Guldeford, — 
whose father, though he filled the high offices of 
Marshal of Calais, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, 
Constable of Dover Castle, and Master of the Ord- 
nance, appears to have brought up his family in the 
quiet seclusion of country life, far from the struggles 
and intrigues of the city and the court, — suddenly 
brought out into the full glare of royalty, and passing 
on into a life of constant fear and anxiety, more 
terrible and unendurable than the overwhelming 
afflictions in which it culminated. The contrast 
between the tranquil scene, in which we have met 
to-day, and the great city with its seething multitudes ; 
between the quiet country home and the gaieties of 
the court, is great even now. What must it have 
been then? But Jane Guldeford had a far higher 
nature, and a far more real nobility, than her powerful 
and ambitious husband. Of her earlier years, indeed, 
we know little or nothing ; but as we gather the 
ripened fruits of her later life, we may well realise in 
imagination how bright and beautiful must have been 
its seed-time — how fair a spring must have preceded 
its autumn season. In her descendant, the great Sir 
Philip Sydney, we seem to read the character of his 



8 THE FAMILY OF GULDEFOUD. 

ancestress ; while the touching words of her will, as 
well as the constancy of her life during the storms 
which fell upon her, help us to fill up a portrait 
hardly equalled in beauty by that of any of her 
contemporaries. But we proceed to note, briefly, the 
strange vicissitudes which made her name so memo- 
rable, and connected it so closely, with the annals of 
her country; first making mention of her children, 
through one of whom that connection was made at 
once so near and so fatal. Henry, the eldest son of 
the Duchess, fell at the siege of Boulogne, less for- 
tunate than his companion in arms. Sir William 
Hardres, who (as many here present will remember) 
escaped in safety from the scene of that fruitless 
victory, receiving one of the gates of the town as the 
trophy of his bravery and success. The second son, 
John, died unmarried — Ambrose, the third, acquired 
the Earldom of Warwick — Bobert was the famous 
Earl of Leicester — Henry was slain at St. Quinton — 
Charles died young — Mary was married to Sir Henry 
Sydney, and was the mother of the Sir Philip Sydney 
of a later and brighter day — and four other daughters 
married into the houses of the greater gentry of the 
period. I reserve for the last, in this illustrious roll, 
the name which is to all of us more familiar than 
any, that of the Lord Guldeford Dudley (wrongly 
called in our popular histories Lord Guilford Dudley) ; 
whose fatal ambition and untimely end connected the 
name of his mother's house with the most touching 
and romantic period of our history. Having thus 
placed before your eye the members of that great 
house, which was destined so soon to share the fate of 
the kindred houses of Suffolk and Somerset, and but 
for its perpetuation in distant and female lines to be 



THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORT). 9 

utterly extinguishecl, I will proceed to direct your 
attention to the circumstances which led on to the 
denouement of this tragedy of real life. And here I 
will derive my narrative from a remarkable tract, 
published in the year 1553, by an eye-witness — a 
foreigner, and probably one of the German or Elemish 
exiles who had taken refuge in England, under the 
protection accorded by Edward VI — a tract of which 
a copy, presumed to be unique, was possessed by my 
late friend Mr. Inglis (whose library was so well 
known as probably the richest in England in such 
rarities), and was by him translated and printed. 
This writer, after describing the death of Edward YI 
under circumstances which could not but lead to the 
suspicion of poison, proceeds thus : — 

" The suspicion, as well as the chief repute of so gi'eat a crime, fall 
upon John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, whose father was 
beheaded by Henry VIII, and whose son Guldeford was at this time 
married to Jane, grand-daughter of Mary, youngest sister of Henry 
VIII, and daughter of Frances, Mary's eldest daughter. This John 
Dudley, after the death of his father, being deprived of all succession, 
property, and dignity, addicted himself to the military profession, in 
which he proved himself a valiant man, surpassing others ; being noted 
everywhere, and at last also becoming endeared to the King himself, 
who created him first a Baron, afterwards an Earl, and at last (as he 
was one of the twelve guardians of the young King appointed by his 
father) made him Duke of Northumberland. Having thus obtained 
the highest offices, without trouble ; being agitated by vindictive 
feelings against the royal children, on account of their father ; and 
being stimulated by the motive of transferring the royal dignity to 
himself and his own family ; he first of all caused the Duke of 
Somerset (the uncle of King Edward), who was called the Protector, 
to be convicted under a false charge of treason ; making the young 
King believe that he was legally put to death. This most faithful 
guardian of the King being thus removed, the said Dudley doubted not 
that when he had given Jane in marriage to his son, the kingdom, by 
some colour or pretence of legitimate succession, might easily be trans- 
ferred to his daughter-in-law upon the death of Edward VI." 



10 THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 

After describing the circumstances of the deatli of 
the King, which left no doubt of poison, tlie secrecy 
observed during his illness, and the. suspicious haste 
of his funeral, our writer, who, it must be remem- 
bered, was an eye-witness of the scenes he describes, 
proceeds thus : — 

" The King being now removed from among the living, the 
Duke of Northumberland convoked a council of the leading men ; 
he set forth the magnitude of the dangers that usually attended 
a protracted interregnum, and proved that after Mary and Eliza, 
royal daughters indeed, but born in marriages doubtful, suspected, and 
prohibited, the succession to the crown reverted to his daughter-in-law 
Jane, as well by right of legitimate birth as by the laws of the 
kingdom. There were not wanting some (for the wits of the English 
are very acute) who sufficiently understood what the advice and 
endeavours of the Duke tended to, namely, that his son, who had 
married Jane, being raised to the regal eminence, the whole government 
of England might be easily transferred to the Dudleys ; nor was it to 
be concealed that the event would lead, not only to a nefarious 
massacre of the royal children, but also to the oppression of many 
others. Indeed, the Duke had already sometimes given vent to words 
full of threatening and terror, as of expelUng foreigners out of every 
part of Britain and cruelly slaughtering many. Thus Jane was 
declared Queen, and publicly proclaimed forthwith on the 10th day of 
July, not indeed without contumely towards the royal daughters, but 
without the applause of the nobles or of any individual among the 
people. It is the custom in England for the people to approve the 
solemn proclamation of a new King or Queen by the acclamation, 
' God save the King or Queen.' As nothing of the kind was to be 
heard here, and men's countenances were sorrowful and averted, it was 
easily conjectured that what was passing was little approved by the 
people. Jane was now in * the London palace called the Tower, 
attended indeed by no great retinue, but was introduced by a certain 
solemn pomp, her mother Frances holding up the train of her robe. 
In the meantime Mary, the eldest daughter of Henry VIII, perceiving 
what was going on in London, had removed from that place and retired 
into the interior parts of the kingdom. Here so great a multitude of 
people suddenly flocked about her, that in a short space of time it grew 
to the amplitude of a complete army. But the Duke of Northumber- 



THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 11 

land, having heard that the forces of Mary daily increased by the 
concourse of the people to her from all quarters, resolved to make war 
upon her as quickly as possible. Having therefore left the care of the 
Tower of London to the Lords of the Council, he marched out of 
London on the 14th of July with an army and a train of artillery. 
Meantime the nobles of the city, who had hitherto dissembled their 
sentiments through fear of the Duke, proclaimed on the 19th of July 
Mary, eldest daughter of Henry VIII, Queen of England. The Duke, 
readily conjecturing how this game was likely to end, took his counsel 
according to the time. Turning to his adherents and feigning a 
grievous sorrow, he said, ' Is this the fidelity of colleagues who were 
privy to all my transactions ? But be it so, we can cast the same 
sheet-anchor :' and forthwith he commanded Mary to be proclaimed 
with great pomp Queen of England, first in the camp and afterwards 
at Cambridge on the 20th of July." 

But this posthumous kind of loyalty, our author 
proceeds to shew, was paraded before the country in 
vain. Being taken, with his four sons, some nobles, 
and about twenty servants, he was brought ignomin- 
iously to London and imprisoned in the Tower on the 
26th of July. After the accession of the Queen and 
the obsequies of Edward VI, which she ordered to be 
solemnised immediately, the writer of this remarkable 
tract, who, as a foreign Protestant, feared naturally 
that the asylum given to the exiles on account of 
religion would be inevitably withdrawn, passed over 
into the Netherlands, the last words of his narrative 
running thus : — 

" After that. I departed from England; but remaining sometime at 
Bruges I saw a letter to our resident there, Herrmann Falco, doctor 
of laws, in which it was stated that the Duke of Northumberland with 
some of his accomplices had paid the forfeit of their crimes, shewing, 
in the terrible spectacle of their punishment and by their example, that 
the avenging eyes of God will not suffer any wickedness to be of long 
duration or to go unpimished." 

It would appear from the subsequent history that 



12 THE FAMILY OF GULDEFOUD. 

the Duchess, herself, was not only innocent of any 
complicity in this treasonable attempt, to erect a 
throne for her daughter-in-law, but that (a fact wliich 
is still more notable) she escaped the terrible ven- 
geance of that age of bloodshed, which (as now in 
Oriental kingdoms) made a holocaust of an entire 
family to atone for the guilt of one of its members. 
Her daughter-in-law was less fortimate ; though, as 
we learn from every trustworthy historian, she was, 
in fact, equally guiltless. 

But the tragic end of the Lady Jane, the helpless 
victim of the ambition and treason of her father-in- 
law, is too fresh in the memory of every Englishman 
to need it to be dwelt upon here. Her husband, the 
unfortunate Guldeford Dudley, appears to have fatally 
seconded the ambitious desires of his father. Perhaps, 
but for the proclamation which Northumberland 
rashly put forth in the name of his daughter-in-law, 
in which the illegitimacy of both Mary and Elizabeth 
was declared, the new Queen might have been tempted 
to spare almost the only innocent party, in this perilous 
attempt to grasp a crown over the heads of three at 
least who were prior in the succession. The Duke of 
Northumberland died, as he had lived, a traitor and a 
hypocrite to the very last. According to Bishop 
Burnett, he professed that he had been always a 
Papist, but the tardy profession could not save him. 
He exhorted the people to adhere to the Roman faith, 
and to reject that of a later date, which he declared 
to have caused all the misery of the previous thirty 
years. He exhorted them to cast out all the new 
preachers, by which he meant (as we gather from the 
tract quoted before) the foreign reformers whom 
Edward VI had so piously protected. It may be here 



THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 13 

observed that the only hlot on the character of our 
great reformer, Eidley, is his sermon at St. Paul's in 
vindication of Queen Jane's title, as she was then 
called. It is said that Queen Mary was greatly opposed 
to her death ; and that Judge Morgan, who had pro- 
nounced the sentence, soon after went mad, and in all 
his ravings still called to take away the Lady Jane 
from him. 

The effect of these successive calamities, upon the 
mind of the good and innocent Duchess, may be well 
imagined, but can be ill indeed described. 

" She was, indeed" (as Lysons observes, after his description of her 
monument in the Church of Chelsea), '' a singular instance of the 
vicissitudes of fortune. Having been the wife of one of the greatest 
men of that age, she lived to see her husband lose his life upon the 
scaffold ; to see one son share his father's fate, another escape it only 
by dying in prison ; and the rest of her children living but by permis- 
sion. Amidst this distress, which was heightened by the confiscation 
of her property, she displayed great firmness of mind, though left 
destitute of fortune and friends, till the arrival of some of the nobility 
from the Spanish Court, who interested themselves so warmly in her 
favour that they prevailed upon the Queen to reinstate her in some of 
her former possessions ; and she conducted herself with such wisdom 
and prudence as enabled her to restore her overthrown house, even in a 
reign of cruelty and tyranny. Her surviving progeny were no less 
remarkable for their prosperity, than their brethren were for their 
misfortunes. Ambrose was restored to the title of Earl of Warwick, 
and enjoyed many other honours and preferments ; Robert was created 
Earl of Leicester, and became one of Queen Elizabeth's prime ministers, 
and her daughter Mary was the mother of Sir Philip Sydney."* 

As the Duchess died in 1555, in the second year 
of Mary, she had but little time to set her house in 
order ; far less to rebuild it. The co-operation of the 
great Spanish nobles, whose advent preceded so 
naturally the marriage of the Queen, might have been 

* Lysons's Environs of London, under Chelsea^ p. 64. 



14 THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 

well anticipated, from the honourable place which 
several members of her family had filled in the settle- 
ment of that kingdom ; and doubtless the influence 
of Philip himself was not wanting at such a moment. 
The Duchess lies buried in the Church of Chelsea, 
having died at her manor house there, her epitaph 
closing with the suggestive words, — 

" After she had lived yeres 46 she departed this transitory world 
at her Manor of Chelse the 22nd day of January, in the second yere of 
the reigne of our Sovereigne Lady Queen Mary the first, and in an. 
1555, on ■whose soule Jesu have mercy." 

It was indeed a "short life," and we may well add 
"and full of misery," and as a worthy sequel to it 
she charged her executors in her will in the words, 

" My will is that little solempnitie be made for me, for I had ever 
have a thousand foldes my debts to be paid and the poor to be given 
unto, than any pompe to be shewed upon my wretched carkes : there- 
fore to the wormes will I goe as I have before written at all poyntes 
as you will answer yt afore God." She orders " such devyne service as 
her executors shall thinke mete with the whole armes of father and 
mother upon the stone graven." 

This last direction, which was carried out on her 
tomb, is not a little remarkable ; it seems to indicate 
that the arms of her husband were forfeited by his 
attainder, and that she bore in her widowhood only 
the coats and quarterings of Guldeford and Delawarr. 

The terrible blow, which had been struck at the 
very existence of the great family of the Dudleys, 
almost recoiled upon the throne of Mary. The 
cruel executions (eighty at a time), which followed the 
rebellion of Wyatt, were only closed by the solemn re- 
monstrance of the House of Lords, conveyed by the 
Lord Paget ; in which the vindictive Queen is sugges- 
tively reminded that "already too much blood has 
been shed. The noble house of Suffolk was all but 



THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 15 

destroyed ; and he said distinctly that if more blood 
were shed, he and his friends would interfere ; the 
hideous scenes had lasted too long."* We may here 
gratefully remember that, among the latest descendants 
of the elder branch of the Guldefords, and of the 
illustrious family of the Dudleys, tracing through the 
unfortunate Duchess of Northumberland herself, is a 
nobleman who entertained our Society, with munifi- 
cent hospitality, on a former occasion of our meeting 
in West Kent, Lord de Lisle and Dudley. 

The last chapter of our narrative, or we might 
almost say the last act of our historic drama, leads us 
back into those quiet scenes of rural life, from which 
Jane Guldeford passed so early into the glare and 
tumult of a court, where the struggle for rank and 
power was so urgent, and the misery even of success so 
certain. We fall back, with a sense of relief, on the 
humbler path of the second branch of the Guldefords, 
which carried on its succession at Hempsted ; in which 
that beautiful prayer of Arias Montanus was fulfilled : 

" Instar ut lymphse in mare defluentis 
Redde me, ut semjDer sequai* ima, semper 
Praibeam prudens humilem me, et alta 
Summaque vitem."t 

George Guldeford, who kept his shrievalty at 
Hempsted in the 16th of Henry VIII, married Eliza- 
beth, the daughter and heir of Sir Hobert Mortimer 
by Isabella, daughter of John Howard Duke of 
Norfolk. Their son. Sir John Guldeford, allied himself 
anew with the family of Delawarr, and by his wife 

* Froude's Hist., vol. v., p. 384. 

f '' Make me as stream descending to the sea; 

Following, from pride and high ambition free, 

The lowly pathway of humility, 

Which leads us. Lord, to Thee ! " 



16 THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 

Barbara, daughter of Thomas Lord Dclawarr, had 
three sons. Thomas, their heir, had the honour of 
entertaining Queen Elizabeth at his mansion of 
Hempsted, during one of her famous progresses, on 
August 10th, 1575. From Bedgebury in Goudhurst, 
the then seat of the Colepepers, the Queen proceeded 
to Hempsted, accompanied by the Lord Treasurer 
Burleigh, who, in a letter to Lord Shrewsbury from 
this place, describes the Queen's journey through the 
Weald of Kent as more perilous even than that she 
undertook in the Peak. The present made by Sir 
Thomas Guldeford to the Queen on this occasion was 
a bowl of silver, gilt, with a cover with her Majesty's 
arms crowned. He had by Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Shelley, Esq., of Michelgrove (the ancestor of the 
poet), an heir, Sir Henry, who married Lady Elizabeth 
Somerset, daughter of Edward Earl of Worcester, and 
their son Edward married the daughter of the Hon. 
Thomas Petre, third son of the first Lord Petre. 
Edward their son married Anne, daughter of Sir 
Robert Throckmorton, and dying in 1678 was suc- 
ceeded by his heir, Bobert Guldeford of Hempsted, 
created a baronet in 1685 by James II. He married 
Clare, the daughter and heiress of Anthony Thomson, 
Esq., but leaving no heir the baronetcy became extinct. 
The estate of Hempsted was sold under an act of 
Parliament in the reign of Queen Anne, to pay the 
debts of this last of the Guldefords, with whom the 
glories and the very name of this great historic house 
sank into oblivion. 

It appears from the later alliances we have 
mentioned, as well as from the favour bestowed upon 
Sir Bobert Guldeford by James II, so shortly before 
his exile, that the later generations of the family had 



THE FAMILY OF GULDEFORD. 17 

too well remembered the last words of the author 
alike of their highest glories and of their deepest 
misfortunes, and had returned to the church to which 
he so vainly attempted to lure hack his own descend- 
ants. Our great authority on genealogical matters, 
Sir Bernard Burke, appears to doubt whether the race 
is actually extinct ; and we may well imagine that, like 
the Pogges, still grander in their earliest history, some 
distant scions of the house may yet be found in 
humbler life, illustrating in their lowlier fortunes 
those strange vicissitudes which attended it from the 
very beginning. However this may be, we may feel 
thankful that one at least of the historic mansions it 
occupied, through so many eventful generations, is now 
possessed by a family which will leave its mark in the 
records of the county, and of the empire itself ; and 
that the " lihro cVoro " of our own century will still 
indicate Hempsted as the dwelling-place of statesmen, 
and men fitted, like the Guldefords of old, to serve 
their Queen and their country ; and, I may add, to be 
also the faithful protectors of that Church to which in 
the days of Elizabeth, the Warwicks, the Leicesters, 
and the Sydneys so nobly and faithfully ministered. 



VOL, XIV. 



( IS ) 



SMARDEN CHURCn. 

BY THE llEV. FRANCIS nASLEWOOl). 




SMAKDEN CHUECil : AFTER RESTOUATIOX. 

Smarden Church consists only of a nave and clian- 
cel, with north and south porches, and a square em- 
battled tower at the west end, of three stories divided 
by strings, having large buttresses, and an octagonal 
stair turret, at the N.E., rising above the parapet. 

It is dedicated to St. Micliael, and popularly known 
as "The Barn of Kent," on account of the singular 
construction of its roof; the nave being thirty- six feet 
wide, without any side-aisles, and with no tie-beams 
to support it. Perhaps there is no building, of equal 
size, like it in the county ; with the exception of some 
remains of the ancient Abbey of Boxley, near Maid- 
stone, now used as a barn. The roof, formerly covered 



SMARDEN CHURCH. 



19 



with shingles, was ceiled in about a hundred years ago, 
and remained concealed till the plaster was removed 
and the timbers again exposed to view in 1869, when 
the whole fabric underwent thorough restoration. 




SMABDEN CHURCH : BEFORE RESTORATION. 

The style of architecture points to the Edwardian 
or Decorated period, and indicates thirteenth or four- 
teenth century work. Though traces of an earlier 
period do not appear, there must have been a church 
prior to that date, for though Smarden is not mentioned 
in Domesday, yet we find King John presented one 
Adam of Essex to the vacant benefice in 1205 ; and 
there is another early reference to the church, when a 
certain Allan de Hadingate, having been guilty of 
theft, fled hither for sanctuary, in 1250.* 

When noting the various objects of antiquarian 
interest, found within the sacred edifice, let us begin 
* Furley, Hist, of the Weald of Kent , ii., 33. 

c 2 



20 



SMARDEN CHURCH. 



with the cliauccl. Its windoAvs arc in the Decorated 
style, and of unusual design ; the tracery of the east 
window being of the same character as that found in 
the south chancel of E-uckinge Cliurch. 

AVhilst the church was undergoing restoration, 
several interesting mural frescoes were discovered ; 
tracings of which are preserved. 



^.^^*<^^^^ 







ANCIENT FRESCO. 



I. One was found to the left of the chancel window, 
at about eleven feet from the ground. The colours 
were still bright, but speedily peeled off when touched. 
The subjects depicted Avere the instruments of the 
Crucifixion. The cross measured two feet by one foot 



SMARDEN CHURCH. 21 

ten inches, and was painted green ; the hoard for the 
superscription was of a hrownish colour. To the right 
of the transverse heam, and over it, was the " crown 
of thorns," sprinkled with blood, as were also the 
three nails on the opposite side. Below these, and 
beneath the left arm of the cross, were "the sponge 
on a reed," and also " the spear," the head of which 
was covered with blood spots. To correspond with 
these two instruments, on the other side were two 
.scourges, besprinkled with blood. The inscription 
round this fresco was, " Credo in Deum Fair em 
Omnipotentem, creator em coell et terrce :''' the first 
clause of the Apostles' Creed : " I believe in God the 
Pather Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth." 

II. On the same wall, but on the other side of the 
window, was a repetition of the same group, but with 
no inscription visible. 

III. On the north wall, between the windows, was 
the same subject, and a mutilated inscription : " et 
vitam. . . . Amen,^^ being distinct ; also three letters 
"res;'^ possibly the last part of the Creed abbre- 
viated, " Carnis resurrectionem, et vitam cBtemam. 
Amen ; " " I believe in the resurrection of the body, 
and the life everlasting." 

IV. The fourth was on the opposite wall, the 
painting was repeated, and the almost perfect inscrip- 
tion was, " Qui conceptus est de Spiritu Sancto, natus 
ex Maria Virgine ; " " Who was conceived by the 
Holy Ghost, born of the Virgin Mary." 

Easter SEPrLCHRE. 
The arched recess in the north wall was opened 
twenty years ago, when we discovered a framework of 
wood, which speedily fell to pieces ; and also several 



22 SMAUDEN cnuRcn. 

carved embattled stones with colouring upon them. 
There have been different opinions expressed as to 
what this recess was originally intended for ; some 
affirm it was the tomb of the founder (which was 
frequently in this part of the church) ; but it was 
evidently the Easter Sepulchre. 

This theory seems confirmed upon turning to the 
Glossary of Architecture, which says that the 
sepulchre was a representation of the entombment of 
our Saviour, set up in the Roman Catholic church at 
Easter, on the north side of the chancel, near the altar. 
In this country it was most commonly a wooden erec- 
tion, and placed within a recess in the wall. The 
crucifix was placed in the sepulchre, with great 
solemnity, on Good Eriday, and continually watched 
from that time till Easter-day, when it was taken out 
and replaced upon the altar. 

Eosbroke, in his Antiquities, mentions a procession 
in Passion week, with a wooden tomb of Christ, and 
the Paschal candle. Our old church book of Smarden, 
which dates from 28 Henry VIII, 1536, throws addi- 
tional light upon the subject, serving to prove the 
theory already advanced ; thus : — 

1547, leyde owte for ix li. of new waxe to renew thepaskall. 
1554, paid for makinge the pascall iiij d. 

1556, paid to Christopher Mills ffor makinge the sepulcre and other 

things against Ester, iij s. viij d. 

1557, to Richard Ricard for makinge the pascall iiij d. 

The Low- SIDE- Window, directly opposite the sepul- 
chre, was opened at the same time. The Glossary 
of Architecture states that "these windows were never 
glazed, but closed by wooden shutters, and iron grat- 
ings." Such was the case here; saddle bars were 
found, and also hinges for a shutter. 



SMARDEN CHUHCH. 23 

It is evident that this low-side-window served some 
purpose, connected with the service of the Church, 
which ceased at the Reformation. But what was the 
exact use of it is unknown; and at least twelve 
theories are advanced in the fourth volume of the 
ArcTicBological Journal. A probahle one is that it 
was used to administer the sacrament to lepers, and 
others afflicted with infectious disorders. 

Remarkable Drain in the East Wall. 

The latter theory seems to be confirmed by the 
position of a water-drain (also recently discovered), low 
down in the east wall, close to the pavement, shewn 
in a woodcut on the next page. This was probably 
the Ferfusorium, connected with the ablutions neces- 
sary for the priest, after ministering to leprous or in- 
fectedpersons. A strong iron hook willbe observed fixed 
in the arch of the vaulted recess of this water-drain. 

The Piscina is cinquefoil-headed. It was used by 
the priest for rinsing his hands and the sacred vessels 
during mass. The bowl slightly projects ; but happily 
it has escaped the zeal of the Heformers, who, in too 
many instances, cut the stone flush with the wall. 
There is both a stone and wooden shelf, which served 
the purpose of a credence table, to receive certain of 
the sacred vessels, that were used during mass, previous 
to their being required at the altar : such, for example, 
as the " ij sylver cruytts " mentioned among the 
church goods here in the time of Henry YIII. 

There are three sedilia, intended for the priest and 
his attendants, the deacon and sub-deacon. The seats 
are all on the same level ; but the most eastern sedile 
is cinquefoiled, and rather higher than the other two, 
which are trefoil-headed. 



24i 



SMARDEN CHURCn. 




SEDILIA, PISCINA, LOW-SIDE-WINDOW, AND PEEFUSOBIUM. 

The masonry over the sedilia has an unfinished 
appearance, and as some embattled stones were dis- 
covered in the sepulchre when opened, possibly they 
originally formed part of the sedilia, which, if so, 
must have resembled those at Willesborough. 

A little to the right of the sedilia is a circular 
stone bracket, and another on the opposite wall to 
correspond. They may have been intended for lamps 
or images. 

The Dog Whipper. 

Perhaps the Altar Rails were made of their 
present height, and so enclosed, to exclude the canine 
race ; which in olden time must have been very nume- 
rous (no dog tax being imposed till 1796), for in the 
church book are frequent references to an official 
known as a dog whipper ; thus : — 



SMAHDEN CHURCH. 25 

1573, John Quested for kepinge oiit of the dogges iiij d. 
1576, John Quested for whipping dogges out of the church xij d. 
1619, To Sotherden for whipping the doges out of ye churche iiij d. 
To Thomas Hopper for the whip iij d. 

Chancel Arch. 

Many ancient churches have lost their chancel arch, 
but from what cause it is not always known. Here, 
however, there is no mystery ; for the external walls 
evidently suffered from the outward thrust, in sup- 
porting the immense roof; and, when the walls gave 
way, of course the arch and gable fell. A low brick 
arch of mean character was at some period erected to 
support the original; this modern one partially shut 
in the chancel, and gave the whole building an un- 
sightly appearance. This obstruction was removed in 
1869, and also an ugly tie-beam, which was replaced 
by an iron rod. The new arch is an exact reproduction 
of the old, being built upon the original springings. 

Dividing the chancel from the nave is the lower 
portion of the original Chancel Screen. It formed 
the backs of pews until the recent restoration. 

The Pulpit came from Halden Church, having 
been purchased from that parish, and adapted to its 
present position. It stands upon a raised dais, which 
originally existed. 

Reredos in the Nave. 

Beneath the reredos, on the south side of the 
chancel arch, may be seen the remains of an altar 
stone, which had evidently been built into the wall, 
and not merely placed against it, as was usually the 
case. The churchwardens' books throw light upon 
the matter ; thus : — 



26 SMARDEN CHURCH. 

"1550, Eeccived of -lolni Woulton for a stone xij d. (doubtless this 
altar stone). 
I'aid John llarncden for takingc doune of the altare stone, and 

makinge iip of the church wall iij s. 
Paid to Thomas Iloppare for whyttinge where as the sydc 
altares was iiij d." 
" rd. for drinke to y'" that had out the altare stones ij d." 

Then, again, in Queen Mary's reign, when the 
Romish ceremonies were restored, we find this entry : 

"1554, Pd. ffor makinge the aulter iij s. 
Pd. ffor a load of sand viij d. 

Pd. ffor carreinge the aulter stone and setting it up xviij d. 
Pd. for havinge in the altare stone out of the strete viij d." 

EooD Loft. 

The church books supply several particulars 
respecting the rood loft; the original staircase to 
which still remains. It was erected in 1508, for in 
that year Stephen Frenche of Bidynden in his will 
says, " I bequeth to the making of the newe Roode 
loft of Smerden vj s. viij d." In 1546 we find this 
among the church accounts : — 

Eec. of James Lake and John Pell for xix ells of whyte clothe of ye 
roode lofte viij s. viij d. 

1548, leyd owt fore whytting over the roode lofte xs. 

1549, Received for an olde dore soulde to Edwarde Pellande v d. 

(This was probably that leading to the rood loft.) 

Upon Queen Mary's accession to the throne, when 
the E-omish ritual was restored, we find : — 

1555, Paid to the carvar of Asshefforthe ffor the rood Mary and 
John and for caringe of them home xxvij s. viij d. 
paid to Pelland ffor iron to ffasten the crosse in the roode 
lofte iiij d. 

Again, in Queen Elizabeth's reign, when Protes- 
tantism was restored, we observe the following entry : 

1560, Received of Thomas Norton for part of the Rod loft xx s. 



SMARDEN CHURCH. 27 

Eox relates, in his " Book of Martyrs " : — 

How one Drayner, bearing a grudge against Gregory Doddes, 
parson here, made on the roode lofte nine holes, that he might 
look about the church in mass time. In which place alvvay, at the 
sacring, he would stand to see who looked not, or held not up his 
hands thereto, which persons so not doing he would trouble and 
punish very sore. Whereby he purchased a name there, and is called 
to this day Justice Nine Holes. It so fell out, the said Drayner came 
to the Printer's house demanding, Is Fox here? To whom answer was 
given that Master Fox was not within. Is the printer within ? quoth 
Drayner. It was answered Yea. Mary, saith he, you have printed 
me false in your book : — It is false, I made but five holes with a great 
auger, and the parson made the rest. It was answered, I have not 
read that a Justice should make him a place in the Roodlofte to see if 
the people held up their hands. He said. It is untrue, for I set as little 
by it, as the best of you all. 

Indeed, saith the printer, so we understand now, for your being at a 
supper in Cheapside among certain honest company, and there bur- 
dened with the matter said then, that you did it rather to look upon 
fair wenches than otherwise. And so he parted in a rage. 

The present door hangs upon the original iron 
staples found built into the wall. 

The following entry informs us when the doorway 
was closed : — 

1597, To Thomas Hopper for makinge up the dore which hath gone 
to rodelofte ij s. 

The Aumbry and Niches were no doubt used in 
connection with altars close by. There were formerly 
several side altars in different parts of the church, old 
records mentioning the image of St. Michael the 
patron Saint, the altar of the Blessed Virgin, John 
the Baptist, and others. The niche was, of course, for 
one of the images. A stone seat may also be ob- 
served occupying the recess of the window. 

Windows. 
As to the windows of the nave, it would appear 



28 SMARDEN cnuRcn. 

that three Decorated windows, similar to those in the 
chancel, originally gave light on each side of the 
nave ; hut one on the north, nearest the east end, and 
two on the south, have been since enlarged to three 
and four-light Perpendicular windows to give addi- 
tional light to this part of the church, possibly when 
the tower was built. The north wall had, at some 
time, been banded together by iron clamps ; it was 
deemed necessary, therefore, when the church was 
under restoration, to fill in the two most western 
window-splays, which had been imprudently cut away 
in the olden time. 

Stoups for holy water were found near the two 
porch entrances, and restored after the original design. 

The EoNT is octagonal, of Bethersden marble. It 
formerly was plastered over from top to base. Upon 
opening it the central shaft was found, and a portion 
of one of the oris'inal columns ; eisiht new ones were 
therefore made after the old pattern. 

The Poor Box with its Enamel is of remarkable 
character, having three locks, and being fastened by 
strong iron clamps to a pedestal of solid oak. A box 
of this sort, called the Poor Men's box, was enjoined 
by Edward VI. It is first mentioned here in 1553, 
thus : — 

" Mending a lock of the pore mans' box ij d." 

To the lid is attached a curious enamel upon 
copper. There are small holes which originally 
fastened it to its place. This plate once formed part 
of a series of subjects, relating to the life of a saint, 
fixed on a shrine. The enamel represents a baptism. 
The priest is about to take the infant from its mother, 
and the third person is evidently a sponsor. The 



SMAEDEN CHURCH. 



29 



ornament round the font terminates in a trefoil, em- 
blematic of the Trinity, which, with the space within 
the nimbi that surround the heads of the figures, is of 



a green colour. 



The rich blue and general workman- 



ship lead us to suppose it was made at the celebrated 
works of Limoges. In the museum of Cluny, at 
Paris, are some elaborate shrines, of the thirteenth 
century, which were manufactured at Limoges. Some 
of the enamelled plates are similar to this at Smarden, 
even to the minute bordering ; suggesting that they 
probably came from the same manufactory, and were, 
perhaps, the work of the same hands. The hole for 
money, which is by no means unusual in shrines, most 
likely suggested the idea of placing this plate upon 
the Alms Box here. 




GKOTESQUB HEAD, ON NOETH WALL OP NAVE. 



30 SMAllDEN CHURCH. 

Grotesque Head {see precediny page). 
In the north wall of the nave near the eastern 
end, at about oig'ht feet from the ground, is a curious 
panel supported by tAvo corbels of early character; and, 
above it, a grotesque figure pulling its mouth open. 
On its arms are bracelets. The whole is carved in 
Bethersden marble. We could find nothing in the 
wall bctAveen the shafts. This curious head has 
puzzled several antiquaries, and no satisfactory ex- 
planation has yet been suggested. It may have had 
some reference to the Whitsun ales. There is a 
grotesque figure on the porch of Chalk Church, sup- 
posed to illustrate the humours of a church-ale : 
possibly this may have been also intended for the 
same purpose. 

Altar Tresco. 

On the reredos in the nave, north of the chancel 
arch, we found traces of an altar fresco. Upon the 
removal of sundry coats of whitewash, several faces 
and figures were brought to light, representing the 
entombment of the Saviour. He was being borne by 
a female figure (evidently the Virgin), whose counte- 
nance and tears bespoke grief. Christ's head and robe 
were besprinkled with blood. There were one or two 
flowers in the foreground, apparently to indicate " the 
garden " where the burial took place. This pieta may 
have been intended to represent one of those festivals 
of Passion week which commemorate the participation 
of the Virgin in the sufferings of her Son : and per- 
haps several green flowers, found at regular intervals 
on the surrounding stone work, may have been in- 
tended for passion flowers. 

Hasted, quoting from Weever, says that one of the 



32 



SMARDEN CHURCH. 



great family of the Gulclefords founded a chai)el here 
in this cliurch in 1444, but his reference prohahly 
relates to llolvenden (Eounden), not Smardcn. How- 
ever, some individual seems to have beautified the 
north-east, or Romden, corner of the nave, by carving 
heads and foliage upon the stone corbels, and painting 
this altar-piece. The reredos on the south side of the 
chancel arch was never finished, whilst that on the 
north must have been highly decorated. 




NICHE AND REREDOS, AT NORTH-EAST CORNER OF NAVE. 



Tower. 
The fine old embattled steeple consists of three 
stages, and is in the Perpendicular style ; and of the 
same character and date as Egerton, and others in the 



neighbourhood. 



SMARDEN CHUHCH. 33 

We are able to fix the exact date of its erection 
from the following bequests :* — 

1447, John Eytherst of Smarden left, ad ojius ecclesise de Egerton 

xiij s. iiijd., ad opus ecclesiae de Smerden xxs., ad opus 

ecclesia3 de Charryng xiij s. iiij d. 
1464, William Marlar de Smerden, left, ad novum campanile 13s. 4d. 

(for a new belfry), also money " ad novam campanam " 

(for a new bell) . 
1477, Richard Borne, fabricae ecclesise de Smerden, xl s., etc. 

Two of our sovereigns have visited Smarden. 
Edward I, on the 18th June, 1299, was at the Archi- 
episcopal manor house at Charing, and the followiiDg 
day we trace his progress towards Sussex, through 
Smarden to Cranbrook; taking up his quarters, we may 
suppose, at Sissinghurst. 

Queen Elizabeth also visited Smarden during her 
progress through Kent, in August, 1573, on her way 
from Sissinghui'st to Boughton Malherb. To the truth 
of this fact our records testify, thus : — 

" 1573, laid out for the ringers when the queues grace was here ij s. xd." 

This was three years before she granted the charter 
for a market. The document is signed by the great 
queen herself, having been previously drawn up and 
presented to her by Martin James, Ptemembrancer of 
the Coiu't of Exchequer, who then OAvned the estate 
of Romden in this parish. f 

The charter referred to was a confirmation of a 
former one granted to Archbishop Mepham by Edward 
III, who has been called the " Eather of English 
commerce," because he encouraged the Elemish cloth- 
workers, who settled in this neighbourhood about 1331, 
Cranbrook being their chief town. At Smarden also 

* Wills at Canterbury/, i., 38 ; A, i., 5 ; iii., 6. 
t Haslewood's Antiquities of Smarden, p. 25. 

VOL. XIY. D 



34 SMARDEN CUURCn. 

the manufacture of broadclotli was carried on, and 
within tlic memory of living persons a picturesque 
house, still standing in the village, with carved gable, 
was used for the manufacture of linen. 

We must now quit Smarden, which, according to 
Philipot, signifies "fat valley." Though low, the 
locality is healthy, the registers mention many who 
reached their threescore years and ten ; whilst stones in 
the churchyard record lives of 91, 96, and even 104 
years. 

Hasted describes Smarden as very unpleasant and 
watery, and the road hardly passable through the 
parish, even for waggons. Old parishioners remember 
when they stuck fast in the middle of the town, and 
horses sank into the mud up to their knees. Goods 
were then conveyed by trains of packhorses, upon 
paved foot-paths, some of which still remain; and, as 
late as 1814, corn was thus carried to Maidstone 
market. To the badness of the roads in former times, 
we attribute the fact that Smarden has been so little 
explored by archaeologists. 

However, another remarkable event may now be 
added to our annals, for though Smarden has more 
than once been visited by royalty, yet it could never 
before boast of what future historians may now record, 
namely, that it was visited in July, 1880, by the 
members of the Kent Archaeological Society. 



ROMAN COFFIN OF LEAD, FOUND AT CANTERBURY 




Yiew of the Coffin. /-id; 
The lead. (oast) yi$"^ of anAnolvtfdch,. 




The, Rose'} or centre OrncaneTct. 

Jiazsed/K ^^ of Oft -incJvattke fullest part. 

ActuaL svx,e. 




The Circaleur OmarrtenZ 
ActtuxL sixA- (4 in- number-J 



J 



A-.. 



^^5^S^^^^ 



Cante-rbiiry. 

Discovered. 1868. 



Section of the Circular Ortictmenis. 



Ja m es PiU ir ow. 1873. 
SeeJlrohceolo^uovoL 43, p. 16i 



"Wlatemaii/icfca.ss. itt^a [oncLon 



(35) 



ROMAN LEADEN COEEIN DISCOVERED 
AT CANTERBURY. 

My dear Sir, — In 1869 Mr. Pilbrow communi- 
cated, to the Society of Antiquaries, an account of 
" Discoveries made during Excavations at Canterbury 
in 1868." This included, among other interesting 
matters, a description of a leaden coffin, to which I 
now draw your attention, in connection with a sketch 
kindly given me by Mr. Pilbrow, and my brief 
remarks. 

Mr. Pilbrow thus describes the coffin : — 

" In Bridge Street, at the upper part, were found four 
skeletons, four feet deej). Still nearer the top of this street, 
a leaden coffin was found entire, lying north and south, 
having a skeleton within it, head to the north. The coffin 
was six feet below the present surface ; but when placed 
there it could not have been more than three feet below, 
as was proved by the natural and made ground. This 
coffin was four feet eight inches long, very sound, and of 
thick cast lead ; ornamented at the top only, which was a 
parallelogram, by two diagonal lines or cords crossing in the 
centre, at which place there was a rose ornament ; and four 
other simpler circular ones half way up the lines towards 
the corners. This centre ornament and one of the others 
will be seen in the specimens exhibited, as also the thickness 
and quality of the lead. The skeleton was that of a female, 
not more than twelve to thirteen years of age. The body 
appeared to have been laid within the coffin on a thick bed 
of lime, and then packed closely round with clay. The coffin 
had also been coated thickly on the exterior with whitewash. 
No ornament of any kind was within the coffin." 

D 2 



36 ROMAN LEADEN COFFIN DISCOVERED. 

As the Society of Antiquaries lias passed over tliis 
interesting work of Homan art, I forward to you Mr. 
Pilbrow's drawing, feeling that it is quite worthy of 
being engraved, and placed by the side of other 
examples given by the Kent Archasological Society. 
There was, at first, some hesitation in appropriating 
this coffin to its proper class. This was dispelled, 
beyond doubt, by the discovery, a few years since, of 
a similar coffin in a Roman cemetery attached to the 
castrum at Irchester, near Wellingborough. Sir 
Henry Dryden kindly sent to me a drawing and rub- 
bings of the ornaments upon the Irchester coffin ; 
they are precisely similar to those upon the Can- 
terbury example,* which is, I hope, preserved in the 
museum of our Metropolis. 

Believe me, my dear Sir, 

Yours most truly, 

C. Roach Smith. 

To the Rev. Canon Scott Robertson. 



* Engraved iu Plate xixr/, Collectanea Antiqiia, vol. vii., figs. 
Ito 3. 



( 37 ) 



THE EAELY HISTORY OP TENTEEDEN. 

BY ROBERT FURLET, F.S.A. 

I HAVE undertaken to read a paper on " The Early His- 
tory of Tenterden ;" a somewh.at difficult task, especi- 
ally as the most ancient and learned of our Kentish topo- 
graphers (Lambarde) never even mentions the place ; and 
when speaking of the district, he states that it cannot be 
shown from any of our ancient chronicles that "there is 
remaining in the Weald of Kent any one monument of 
great antiquity." As this was written more than 300 years 
ago, I must crave your indulgence in my attempt to record 
the early history of this pretty country town, which has been 
now a member or limb of the Cinque Ports for upwards of 
400 years ; for I shall have but little I fear to say which is 
likely to attract the antiquary, beyond pointing out the 
marked distinction between the Weald and the rest of Kent 
in the early tenure of the land. 

The district, as is well known to most of you, was in 
bygone times part of a vast forest, "bringing forth thorns 
and thistles unbid," the resort of wild animals, and of deer 
and swine, and rarely trodden by the foot of man. 

Camden published his Britannia shortly after Lambarde 
wrote his Perambulation, and all he says of it is, " In a 
woody tract are Tenterden, Cranbrook, Benenden, and other 
neighbouring towns, wherein the cloth trade flourished in 
the time of Edward III." 

This woody tract was one of the largest, if not the 
largest, of our British forests. In Csesar's time it formed 
part of three kingdoms, Cantii (Kent), Regni (Sussex and 
Surrey), and Belgse (Hants, Wilts, and Somerset). It had 
a city and station during the occupation of Britain by the 
Romans (the site of which has long been the subject of 
controversy) . 



38 THE HISTORY OP TENTERDEN. 

The only Eoman remains that have been discovered 
during the present century, in this locality, to my know- 
ledge, were found by Mr. Stephen Judge while draining 
a field in Tenterden, near Reading Hill, and consisted of 
a Eoman nrn and coins and a quantity of ashes deposited 
in a bank which had evidently been raised. 

In Saxon times this district extended over the south- 
western extremity of the Kentish kingdom, and parts of the 
South Saxon and West Saxon kingdoms. It was in King 
Alfred's time, according to the Saxon Chronicle, 120 miles 
or longer from east to west, and 30 miles broad. 

The Limen or Bother flowed out of it, and its western 
confines were near Privett in Hampshire. 

Many places now bear very different names from those 
they once bore. What is now known to us as the Weald, 
which signifies in Saxon a woody country or forest, was 
known to the Britons as Coed-Andred, Coed being the 
Bi'itish word for wood. The Romans called it Silva- 
Anderida. The Saxons called it Andred, Andredsley, and 
Andredsweald, and it retained the name of Andred for 
centuries after the Romans abandoned Britain. In our 
earliest Anglo-Saxon charters it is called sometimes Saltus- 
Andred (a country of wooded glades), Silva-Andred, Saltus- 
Communis, and Silva-Regalis. The name Andred was 
given to it, according to Lambarde, from its vast extent ; 
Andred is in British " great or wonderful." One of our 
modern writers, Dr. Guest, says it signifies " the uninhabited 
district," from " an," the Celtic negative particle, and " dred," 
a dwelling ; another modern wi'iter (the late Mr. Lewin) 
says Anderida signifies " the black forest," from " an," the, 
" dern," oak forest, and " dy," black ; while a third (Mr. 
Edmunds) says Andred is often met with as an owner's 
name. All this shews what little dependence is to be placed 
on nomenclature. 

The earliest notice of Andred in Saxon times, that I 
have met with, is in the eighth century, when the chronicles 
record that Sigebert, a deposed king of the West Saxons, 
having committed murder, fled into "Andred," and was 
there slain. During the remainder of our Anglo-Saxon 



THE FOREST OF ANDRED ; OR ANDREd's WEALD. 39 

history, we meet with charters containing royal grants of 
land in different parts of Kent, especially in its south- 
eastern locality, to which was attached "the use of the 
woods in Andred;" again "the right of pasturage and 
feeding of a herd of swine in th6 Andred's Weald ;" again 
" Pasturage for Swine which in our Saxon tongue we call 
denbera;" and again, "In the woods called Andred 120 
waggons of wood to support the fires for preparing Salt." 

The possessions to which this right of pannage attached 
were granted to the heads of the Church and the religious 
houses, as well as to the military followers of the King, 
called thanes, from whom it has been conjectured that 
Tenterden derived its name. There were three kinds of 
thanes, — (1) Those who served the sovereign as his 
attendants, and were succeeded by the Norman barons ; 
(2) those who served under dukes, earls, and the digni- 
taries of the Church, who afterwards became lords of 
manors, with a limited jurisdiction ; and a third class, com- 
posed of freeholders of an inferior degree. 

We have no evidence that Andred was originally a royal 
forest of chase, but while Kent continued a distinct 
kingdom its sovereign enjoyed a paramount control over it, 
including the timber and other royalties. 

In process of time, with an increasing population, a limit 
was put to the general right of pannage, and we find grants 
to the freemen of the laths of Limen, Wye, and Burg, now 
Shipway, Scray, and St. Augustine, sometimes conferred by 
the sovereign with the consent of "the princes and great 
men," at other times with the consent of " the Wittan " or 
councillors of the nation, and these rights at last became 
limited to certain defined districts called " denes," being the 
wooded valley of the forest yielding both covert and mast. 
Names were now given to them ; among the earliest we trace 
Frittenden, Benenden, Biddenden, Surrenden, etc. These 
denes sometimes also bore the name of the occupier, as our 
modern farms have subsequently done. While these denes 
were all situate within the Weald, the possessions which 
conferred them were scattered over different j)arts of Kent, 
especially the eastern portion of it. They were approached 



40 TEE HISTORY OF TENTERDEN. 

by di'of-ways, and watclied over by drof-men or forest lierds- 
men, to whom j)ortions were sometimes allotted for their 
services. These drovers soon made the Weald their perma- 
nent abode, while more entei-prising men, anxious to till the 
soil, joined them, and paid rent for permission to grub and 
plough j)ortious of them, known as danger or lef silver. The 
boundaries at length became more clearly defined, and gates 
were set up. This state of things must have existed long 
anterior to the Norman Conquest, which we are now 
approaching. 

Tenterden, from its position, must have been, at this time, 
a place of some imj)ortance, yet, strange to say, we find no 
mention of it even in the eleventh century, nor of Tunbridge 
or Cranbrook. Its nomenclature affords conclusive evidence 
of its existence before the Conquest. Philipot, who has 
been followed by other writers, says it was originally written 
" Theinwarden," being the Thane's ward or guard in the 
wood or valley. Edmunds is also of opinion that it is of 
Anglo-Saxon origin, from " thegn " and "dene," "the 
nobleman's hollow." I find Tenterden first written as in 
the present day about the end of the sixteenth century, 
sometimes with the addition " alias Tentwarden." 

In the Survey of Domesday there is no mention of many 
of the hundreds now in the centre of the Weald, and only 
eight places are referred to, four of which are returned with 
churches. Now it should be remembered that this Survey 
was compiled twenty years after the arrival of the Conqueror, 
that he might know, amongst other things, the names of his 
landowners, and the situation of their possessions. How 
then, it may be asked, does it happen that we fail to find 
Tenterden and Cranbrook in it ? I will endeavour to give a 
reason. The Survey returns forty-four entire denes (some of 
them containing perhaps 500 acres each according to Spelman), 
also nine small ones and two halves, and no names are given 
to any of them. In this Survey the Norman term " manor " 
is substituted for prcecUum or possession ; but in the Weald 
the denes represented the manors. The ecclesiastics, 
religious houses, and laity, who held no less than seventy 
manors under a newly created feudal system, held the right 



THE SEVEN HUNDREDS. 41 

of pannage over tlie denes in respect of these manors, to 
wliicli they were appendant ; and as the manors are referred 
to by name, there was no necessity to notice the denes further; 
at least so the Norman scribes might consider. 

It may therefore, I think, be fairly inferred that modern 
Tenterden, at the time of the Conquest, only comprised denes 
appendant to those distant manors. Subinfeudation soon 
followed ; the tenure of many of them (including parts of 
Tenterden) was changed into lesser manors, and some of them 
were held by military service, such as guarding Dover Castle, 
etc. Those which were still preserved as denes were chiefly 
held by the Church and the religious houses. From the 
examination of the Court Rolls which I have had access to, 
I am of opinion that originally there were not less than 
thirty denes, or parts of denes, in Tenterden as it is now 
known to us, viz. : — Tenterden itself, Pitlesden, Heronden, 
Prestone, Ridgeway, Housney, Dumborne, Meusden, West 
Cross, Chepperegge, Reading, Igglesden, Eldershurst, Strench- 
den, Elarndine, Godden, Gatesden, Morgue, Boresile, Bug- 
glesden, Saltkendine, Finchdene, Twisdene, Haldene, Little 
Haldene, Dovedene, Haffendene, and Brissendene. The manors 
to which these denes were appendant were situate, with one or 
two exceptions, in the eastern part of Kent, viz. : — Alding- 
ton, Boughton Malherbe, Brook, Fridd in Bethersden, Great 
Chart, Northbourne, Reculver, Westwell, Wye. 

Let us now turn to the mode by which justice was 
administered here. When Kent first became a kingdom, it 
was divided into laths (peculiar to it) ; those in the Weald 
were known as Limowart and Wiwarlet ; the next division was 
into hundreds, and the third into boroughs (called tithings in 
most other counties). In the Weald we also meet with 
quarters, such as Haffenden Quarter. 

Both hundreds and tithings were doubtless of Roman 
origin, but these words have so long floui-ished apart from 
their roots that, as a modern writer (Milman) states, those 
roots and the modes of growth therefrom have been utterly 
forgotten. 

We first meet with Tenterden as a hundred about the 
twelfth century, and we find it classed with six neighbouring 



42 THE HISTOUT OF TENTERDEN. 

ones for municipal purposes, viz. : — Cranbrook, Barkley, Barn- 
field, Blackbourne, Rolvenden, and Selbrittenden. All our 
historians are silent respecting the origin of this union of 
" The Seven Hundreds," which I consider the most ancient 
civil institution in the Weald. The sovereign had the power 
not only to create hundreds, but also to change and consoli- 
date them. I believe, from various authorities which I must 
pass over, that this consolidation was effected towards the 
close of the reign of the Conqueror. It was of the first im- 
portance that the laws which he had introduced for the 
government of other parts of the shire, should be extended 
to this district. His followers, especially Odo, Bishop of 
Baieux, and Hugh de Montfort (who had dispossessed many 
a Saxon of his inheritance in and about the Weald), were now 
interested in its tranquillity. The area, though large in extent, 
was but sparsely inhabited, and justice was here adminis- 
tered by an assembly of " The Seven Hundreds " held by the 
sovereign, forming one courtfor judicial purposes, andpresided 
over by a Norman bailiff, who had now become the substitute 
for the Saxon reeve. This court was originally held every three 
weeks, in the open air. A levy was made for the support of 
the office, which was called the Hundred Penny. The 
sovereign was entitled to the profits of the courts, derived 
from fines and amerciaments ; and he exercised a military 
jurisdiction, through the high-constables of each hundred, 
and the subordinate borsholders. The seven hundreds, thus 
formed into a bailiwick, were charged with an annual pay- 
ment of <£10 towards the garniture of Dover Castle. Each 
of these hundreds elected its own constables and borsholders ; 
and as they were formed and grouped long after the laths of 
Kent, I have always been of opinion that for centuries they 
were not subject to lath law, including lath silver. The 
hundredof Tenterdenwas divided into six boroughs; five being 
within what has since constituted the parish of Tenterden, 
at present known as Town, Castweasle, Boresisle, Dumbourne, 
and Shrubcote ; the sixth was Eeading in Ebony. The juris- 
diction extended over murders, manslaughters, and robberies, 
with a power of appeal to Penenden, and thence to the 
sovereign. Henry II introduced the practice of hanging 



ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE — SCOT AND LOT. 43 

thieves ; aud a gallows was set up in Tenterden (which has 
still its gallows green) and in all the principal hundreds. In 
the thirteenth century the powers of these local jurisdictions 
were materially curtailed ; and judges were sent into each 
county, who held assizes for Kent at Canterbury and Roches- 
ter, and occasionally at Tunbridge, 

A brief notice taken from the earliest Plea Rolls, of some of 
the proceedings at these courts, during the thirteenth and 
early part of the fourteenth centuries, including the reigns 
of Henry III, Edward I, and Edward II, will shew how justice 
in matters affecting Tenterden was administered at that 
time, and will, I think, be of interest. Tenterden had now 
gradually emerged from a dene and a borough, and had 
become a ville or town. 

From the Plea Rolls I find it was adjudged that every 
holder of a tenement in Tenterden was bound to do suit and 
service at the Hundred Court, every three weeks, when sum- 
moned by the borsholder. 

Then the hundred was gildable, and subject to scot and 
lot, which was a customary contribution laid on all the in- 
habitants according to their ability. This burden appears 
to have been levied on all the inhabitants of the seven 
hundreds now brought under " Hundred Law,^' but I have 
not met with it in the more ancient hundreds of Kent. The 
justice of such a payment is obvious, as portions of the 
district still remained unreclaimed. The hundred was 
relieved from this burden in the reign of Henry VI, when 
Tenterden was united to the Cinque Ports. 

The fair at Tenterden was then held on the eve and day 
of the Feast of St. Mildred ; it had been hitherto exempt from 
tolls, but the King's bailiff had recently exacted them and 
was to answer for it. 

The bailiffs of the hundred of Tenterden and of the 
liberties of the archbishop and the prior of Christ Church, 
Canterbury, were accused of amercing offenders, for breaking 
the assize of bread and ale, instead of punishing the delin- 
quents by pillory and tumbril. Henry III had passed a 
statute that, if the offence was grievous, the baker should go 
to the pillory, and the brewer to the tumbril. 



44 THE HISTOEY OF TENTERDEN. 

Alexander de Tenwardine and two others had been guilty 
of purpresture, or encroacliment on the King's highway, by 
the erection of three shoj)s; the jury decided that these 
erections were not a nuisance to the highway, and they were 
permitted to remain on the payment of a fee-farm rent of 
twelve horseshoes ! 

A little later, it is recorded that seven more shops had 
been erected in the High Street of Tenterden, worth yearly 
3s. 5d., and the sheriff was directed to levy this sum for the 
King as lord of the seven hundreds. In the next reign these 
shops are again presented as a nuisance; but, as rent had been 
paid to the King for them, they were suffered to remain. 

A common path, from the ville of Tenterden to the ville of 
Eeding, had been wrongfully enclosed with a ditch and hedge, 
and another, from Reding to Woodchurch and Halden, had 
been also stopped, and the sheriff was ordered to "de-obstruct" 
them. He was also ordered to pull down a house built partly 
on the highway in Tenterden. 

A woman had sold eight butts of wine in two years, and a 
man had sold forty butts, contrary to the assize, and they 
were amerced for it. 

The archbishop's bailiff, Robert de Cherringe (Charing), 
had made an illegal distress, and was amerced. 

Ralph de la Burn, being accused of larceny, was appre- 
hended, but escaped from the frankpledge or borough of 
Waren de Burwarsile, and Waren was amerced for the 
escape. Here let me pause a moment and ask whether the 
modern Boresisle is not, like many similar ones, a corruption? 
and whether we ought not to look for its derivation from 
hurh, a hill, or hoeryi, a grove with water round it, rather than 
the derivation which tradition has given to it as a favoured 
spot for wild-boar hunting. 

Certain persons were indicted for robbery and fled. Tljey 
were outlawed, but being strangers and not in any borough, 
the hundred was not liable. 

A quarrel took place in a tavern at Tenterden, and one 
man struck another on the head with a staff, so that he died. 
The offender fled, and the borough was amerced because 
the " hue and cry " was not raised. 



THE CHURCn. 45 

A man killed another with a knife in coming from Teu- 
terden Chui'ch. 

A man killed a girl in shooting- with an arrow at the 
Assize butt, in the borough of Bourwarsile. 

A return is made that Thomas de Tenwardine held an 
entire knight's fee, that he was of full age, and not yet a 
knight. To meet the expense of a foreign war, Edward I 
compelled those who possessed land of the value of £20 to 
take up their knighthood, which bound them to attend their 
sovereign to the Avars, at their own expense, forty days in 
every year. It was afterwards commuted into a money pay- 
ment, called " escuage." 

I have thus briefly shown how justice was adminis- 
tered in Tenterden six hundred years ago, the hundred and 
its boroughs being made responsible for the good behaviour 
of its inhabitants. 

Let us now leave the municipal proceedings of Tenterden, 
and dwell for a few moments on its ecclesiastical history. 

I have failed to ascertain at what period, and by whom, 
the first Christian church was founded in Tenterden. 

The unappropriated portions of the forest belonged to 
the sovereign as Lord Paramount, and with them an eccle- 
siastical prerogative over the tithes, and the King might 
promote the erection of churches, endow them with tithes, 
and form j)arishes without the concurrence of the Pope or 
Bishop. The first church, whenever erected, had a newly 
created manor appendant to it, which at first could only have 
comprised a small part of the present parish. It no doiibt 
stood on the site of the i^resent one, and was made of ruder 
materials ; we know that a church was in existence a.d. 1242, 
for the Plea Eolls of that date refer to it, and a priest was 
provided by the Abbot of St. Augustine's, to whom an annual 
pension was paid. Thirteen years later we have evidence 
that the right of patronage was in dispute. For it would 
appear, from the Plea Rolls of 1255, that a serious affray took 
place in Tenterden Church, which ended in the loss of life of 
one Henry de Smaleide. Two distinguished men of that day 
were involved in it, the great pluralist John Maunsell, Pro- 
vost of Beverley, and Henry de Wingham (a man of acknow- 



46 THE HISTORY OF TENTERDEN. 

leclg-ed merit, who aftenvards became Chancellor of England 
and Bishop of London). Maunsell had authority from the 
Pope to induct Henry de Wingham ; but the inhabitants 
resisted the apj)ointment, and assembled an armed band in 
the church to eject the i^romoters of the nominee. A con- 
flict ensued, which terminated fatally. Henry III was ap- 
pealed to, nnd he, by letters patent, pardoned the offenders, 
and directed the justices not to interfere. 

This affray possibly led to the final appropriation of the 
church to the monastery of St. Augustine, subject to the 
maintenance of a perpetual vicar, which took place four 
years later (a.d. 1259). So it remained until the dissolution 
of that monastery, when the right of advowson passed to 
the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury, with whom it still 
remains. The present church has been ably described by my 
friend, the Eev. A. J. Pearman. It is one of the four 
Kentish churches dedicated to St. Mildred, and one of six- 
teen parishes with " den " as its suffix. 

The whole of the Weald of Kent had been formed into 
parishes by the end of the thirteenth century, which is 
proved by the Taxatio Ecclesiastica granted to Edward I 
by Pope Nicholas IV. 

I will next refer to the Hundred Roll prepared at the 
commencement of the reign of Edward I (a.d. 1274), being a 
return made to this King by a jury assembled in each hun- 
dred, who were directed to inquire into, and report on, the 
conduct of the sheriffs, bailiffs, etc., who were accused of 
defrauding the Crown and oppressing the people. The 
farming out, to the highest bidder, of the emoluments of 
civil offices led to great extortion, and was contrary to the 
provisions of Magna Charta, and often drove the inhabitants 
from their hundreds. In this Roll, Tenterden is returned as 
one of the Seven Hundreds, which belonged to the King, 
and was held by Stephen de Peneshurst, subject to the yearly 
payment of £10 to the castle of Dover. Roger de Benyn- 
dene was then the bailiff, and Hugh de Wy the clerk, against 
whom there is a long list of complaints from the good people 
of Tenterden and others ; and his death, which is recorded 
shortly afterwards, must have been a great relief to them. 



EDWARD I AND THE VICAR. 47 

The right of the archbishop and the prior of Christchurch 
to make a warren at Appletre and Hibbene [Appledore and 
Ebony] is qnestioned. There is also a complaint that their 
tenants had withdrawn from the suits of the lath, and from 
the sheriff's tourn, to the loss of the King of thirty-six 
marks. " The jury know not by what warrant.'^ These 
tenants were at this time the occupiers of the denes belonging 
to the manors of Aldington^ Brook, etc. The manorial rights 
of the abbot of Battle are also referred to in respect of the 
dene of Chepperegge, belonging to the royal manor of Wye, 
then held by that abbey. Time will not permit me to dwell 
longer on these ancient records. 

During the reign of Edward I there were frequent strug- 
gles between him and his prelates and clergy. He wanted 
money to carry on a war against France, and demanded of 
his clergy a moiety of their goods, spiritual as well as tem- 
poral. The clergy mutinied, for they were then groaning 
under a double taxation, one imposed by the King, and the 
other by the Pope. Boniface issued a Bull excommunicating 
all rulers who should impose taxes on the Church, and all 
clergymen who should pay them. Edward's anger became 
great when they informed him that it was out of their power 
to pay, and he put out of the pale of the law all who refused 
to contribute. A conference was appointed between the 
King and Archbishop Winchelsea, which took place in 1299 
at Maidstone ; and so determined was the King that the 
clergy should not escape, that on the primate's arrival in the 
county town the royal officers actually seized his horses. 
Most of the clergy at last submitted ; but amongst those who 
still held out was " John, Vicar of the Church of Tenterden," 
and he with sixteen other Kentish rectors and vicars were 
excommunicated, arrested, and conveyed to the prison at 
Canterbury ; and they only obtained their release by giving 
bail for their appearance. 

Edward I had selected for the companion of his son (the 
first Prince of Wales) a handsome youth of Gascony named 
Piers de Gaveston. As the boys grew up, dissipation cemented 
the attachment. The Prince, it is said, instigated by Gaves- 
ton, broke down a bishop's fence and killed his deer. The 



48 THE HISTORY OF TENTERDEN. 

King was resolved that the laws should be respected, regard- 
less of the rank of the offender, and he coini)elled Gaveston 
to quit England, and prohibited the yonng Prince from 
approaching the Court for some months ; so he spent a por- 
tion of his time in Kent, keeping at a respectful distance 
from his royal father, who had then (1305) a country seat 
at Newenden, and was fishing and shooting in Kent. The 
Prince remained for some days at Tenterden, and there 
wrote five or six letters *to his family and friends, which have 
been preserved. In them he shews great anxiety to obtain 
the King's forgiveness. One's curiosity is aroused respect- 
ing the spot where he dwelt. 

Tradition says that Pitlesden (standing on the northern 
side of the present High Street) once belonged to the re- 
nowned Earl Godwin, who resided there (?) ; and that 
there the Prince took up his abode. My informant was 
my late respected friend, Mr. Joseph Munn, to whom it had 
been handed down. 

The necessities of the sovereign were now supplied by 
Aids, being assessments upon those who held of him or some 
inferior lord, by knight, or military service. Edward II 
caused a return to be made of the hundreds, and the villes 
or towns in them, for the purpose of a military levy. This 
return is called " Nomina Villarum." In it, the King's 
name appears as lord of the hundred of Tenterden, and 
the archbishop, the prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, and 
Sir John de Segrave, and Sir Richard de Eokesle as lords 
of the ville or town. The last-named persons were at this 
time two of the leading gentry of Kent. 

I propose next to notice some of the principal estates in 
Tenterden and their earliest proprietors. 

Heronden (which belonged to an old family of that name, 
passed into the family of Curteis, and is now held by Mrs. 
Croughton) may, I think, be classed, with Pitlesden, amongst 
the first of the dene's which possessed family residences. 
More interest, however, attaches to Pitlesden already re- 
ferred to, from the fact that Sir John Dudley, afterwards 
Duke of Northumberland (who was attainted and beheaded 
in the reign of Queen Mary), inherited it (with Kenchill) in 



FINCHDEN, HALES PLACE, ASHERINDEN. 49 

rig-lit of liis wife, Jane, a daughter of Sir Edward Guldeford; 
and he with the license of Henry VIII conveyed it to Sir 
Thomas Cromwell (created Earl of Essex for his services in 
suppressing the religious houses, afterwards attainted and 
executed). He sold it to Henry VIII, and it remained in 
the hands of the Crown until the next reign, when it was 
granted to Sir John Baker, of whom I shall again speak. 

On Leigh Green (which also gave the name to a dene) 
stood Finchden, which I am disposed to think was lield 
by one family for a longer continuous period than any 
other property in Tenterden ; say for more than 400 years. 
" Dene " appears to have been a suffix to the original name, 
and afterwards dropt. One of this family, William de 
Fynchdene, was Chief justice of the Common Pleas (not 
King's Bench, as stated by Hasted) in the reign of Edward 
III. Elardendene, or Elarndene, was held of the manor of 
Erid, in Bethersden, and belonged to the Maneys of Bidden- 
den in the fourteenth, century. 

The Hales family, owners of Hales Place, at one time 
held about one-sixth of the town ; and the Guldefords 
were possessed of Kenchill and East Asherinden ; but these 
families were comparatively modern owners, who flourished 
during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Mention of 
them will be made by the Rev. E.. Cox Hales and Canon 
Jenkins. I will therefore close my account of the early 
owners and their estates with a reference to Light-Notin- 
den, Gatesdene, East Asherinden, Godden, and Morgue ; and 
I trust I shall succeed in attaching a little more interest to 
some of these places than the}^ have hitherto possessed. 

Light 's-Notingden and East Asherinden (a forgotten 
name) were two small manors, and before that denes. Our 
three Kentish historians, Philipot, Harris, and Hasted, all 
class them together, and tell us that they belonged partly to 
a chantry in Tenterden founded by John Light, and partly 
to the manor of Brook, near Wye, held by the priory of 
Christ Church, Canterbury, and were granted by Henry VIII, 
on the supj)ression of the chantry and priory, to his Attorney- 
General, Sir John Baker, of Sissinghurst, who was also the 
Attorney-General of Edward VI and Queen Mary. Here 

VOL. XIV. E 



50 THE HISTORY OF TENTERDEN. 

Philipot stops. Dr. Harris (a later writer) adds : — " This 
chapel or chantry of Light's, I believe was formerly a little 
clnirch, and is so described in the old maps ; in Dugdale's 
Map of Romney Marsh it is called Sniall Light, and now 
Smallhythe in Symondson's Map.'^ While Hasted takes no 
notice of the chapel, and tells us that he has been unable to 
ascertain how long they were held by the Bakers ; but that 
Light' s-Notinden was in his day the property of Mr. Wm. 
Mantell, and East Asherinden then belonged to Mr. Wm. 
Children, who had built a house there, in which he resided. 

Now as I shall have occasion to speak of another chan- 
try, let me in a few words explain their origin. 

When the taste for founding monasteries declined, 
chantries supplied their place. They were instituted for 
keeping up a succession of prayers for the prosperity of the 
founder while living, and the repose of his soul, and the 
souls of his relatives, when dead. They were usually built 
in, or added to, existing churches, and lands were purchased, 
with the license of the sovereign, for the support of the 
officiating priests, and other expenses of the chantry. 

At the Reformation these chantries, like the religious 
houses, were all suppressed. 

Then as to Godden, Gatesdene, and Morgue, I am disposed 
to think that Godden and Gatesdene were one and the same 
place ; the names having been changed with a change of 
owners. Godden was held of the manor of Northbourne. 
All traces of both Godden and Gatesdene have now dis- 
appeared. I find Gatesdene called a borough in the reign of 
Edward II. Hasted tells us that in his day there were some 
marshes called Gatesdene, " near the river between May- 
hamme and Smalhide." The ownership, as I shall now 
shew, of Gatesdene and Morgue became united, and the 
name Morgue alone has been preserved. 

Edward III had committed the charge of the Seven 
Hundreds to Henry de Valoygnes (an important family at 
this time), whose residence was at Rij)ton in Ashf ord ; and 
an Aid having been granted to the King to make the Black 
Prince a knight, Tenterden is returned for one fee in respect 
of lands which " Thomas de Gatesdene held at Gatesdene in 



ST, Paul's cathedral and morgue manor. 51 

Tenterden, of tlie manor of Beaumundestone," now called 
Beamstone in West well. Here we meet with an original 
dene, converted by subinfeudation into a lesser manor (the 
only one in Tenterden then held by knight service), and held 
of a distant manor granted by the Conqueror to Odo, Bishop 
of Baieux ; the demesne and lands of which, in the present 
day, form part of East well Park. This supports my theory 
with respect to the nameless denes in the Survey of Domes- 
day. But I must try and keep your attention fixed for the 
present on Gatesdene and Morgue, which I am about to 
connect with old St. Paul's Cathedral and Somerset House, 
London. In the old Cathedral, there were no less than 
forty-seven chantries or chapels ; one of the most important 
stood next the north door, and was founded by Walter 
Sherrington, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster in the 
reign of Henry VI ; and in 1454 an Inquisition was taken at 
Cranbrook before the King's Escheator, when it was decided 
that it would not be to the prejudice of the Crown to grant 
a license to the chaplains of this chantry to purchase the 
manors of Morgue and Gatesdene otherwise Godden in 
Tenterden, held of Sir Walter Moyle of Eastwell by fealty, 
who held of the King. In this chantry two priests used to 
celebrate Divine service for the soul of the founder, and all 
Christian souls for ever. 

So matters remained until the suppression of this and 
other chantries, in the first year of Edward YI, when this 
property was sold to Sir Miles Partriche and another, to 
hold in capite by knight service. It afterwards passed to 
the Colepepers, the Curteis', the Pomfrets, and is now held 
by Mr. W. Pomfret Burra. In 1549 the chapel in St. Paul's 
was pulled down, with the library attached to it ; and, strange 
to say, the materials were carried into the Strand and used 
in the building of that stately fabric, Somerset House. 

Now, setting aside the iron fencing round the present St. 
Paul's, which was manufactured in the Weald, and which 
never ought to have been placed there, I think I have said 
enough to satisfy you that Gatesden and Morgue in Tenter- 
den had quite as much, if not more, to do with old St. Paul's 
Cathedral and the present Somerset House, than anything 

E 2 



52 THE HISTORY OF TENTERDEN. 

that can be advanced in favour of the paradoxical 
tradition that "Tenterden Steeple was the cause of the 
Goodv^rin Sands." Besides the chantries already referred 
to, there was one in Tenterden Church called Peter 
Marshall's Chantry, which I don't remember to have been 
noticed by any of our topographers. Here certain houses 
and land in Tenterden and Woodchurch, including the 
Woolsack (I suppose the present Woolpack), were given for 
the use and support of a chaplain in the church, for cele- 
brating Divine service, as well as for teaching in the 
Grammar School. The south chancel of the church was 
appropriated to the use of the school, during the last 
century. A fraternity also existed here, called " Our Lady's 
Brotherhood." There were also three obit rents ; and a light 
rent, for two tapers before the high altar. 

Durino- the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries an indus- 
trious, if not a wealthy, population became the inhabitants 
of this district. Noble oaks were felled, charcoal burnt and 
exported, while the application of marl, with an increase of 
light and air from the clearing of the woods, led to a 
gradual improvement in the cultivation of the soil, but the 
roads remained as bad as ever. Like the rest of the county, 
Tenterden had now its acknowledged owners either of denes, 
or lesser manors which had been formed out of them. As, 
however, the timber was still often claimed by the sovereign 
or the religious houses, it operated prejudicially to the 
occupiers, who, like the inhabitants of the New Forest, took 
advantage of their secluded position, regardless of the law 
of " meum and tuum." This was carried to such an extent, 
that Archbishop Winchelsea, in the reign of Edward II, 
obtained a special commission to ascertain what timber had 
been wrongfully cut down, and carried away b}^ the tenants, 
in no less than fifteen places, in his denes held of the manor 
of Aldington, which included Herendene in Tenterden, where 
seventy-eight oaks and beeches had been carried off. His 
grace's right was established, and verdicts given in his 
favour. 

A similar claim was set wp, about the same time, by the 
Prior of Christ Church, Canterbury, in respect of the denes 



MANUFACTURE OF CLOTH — IRON— CINQUE PORTS. 53 

in Tenterden belonging- to that church, and held of the 
manor of Apj)ledore, Brook, and Ickham, which ended in a 
composition by which new yearly rents were charged, as a 
substitute for the timber. Still the boundaries of some of 
the denes were preserved, by treading them, as late as the 
reign of Henry VII. 

Until the fourteenth century Kent does not appear to 
have acquired any reputation for its wool ; but Edward III 
ha-vdng invited the industrious Flemings and others to settle 
in England, as weavers and clothworkers, the Weald of Kent 
was fixed upon for the seat of the manufacture of broad- 
cloths. Cranbrook appears to have been its centre ; and 
though it gave employment to many, and laid the founda- 
tion of modest fortunes, it never at any time assumed any 
very large proportions in this locality. The interesting 
paper on this subject, read by Mr. William Tarbutt at Cran- 
brook, in 1873, and to be found in Vol. IX of the Archmo- 
logia Cantiana, renders it unnecessary for me to dwell longer 
upon it now ; though, before I close this paper, I may have 
occasion to refer to the successful career of the family of 
Skeetes, who were at a later period engaged in this pursuit. 
Then, as to the manufacture of iron, I do not find any 
reference to furnaces in Tenterden, similar to those we meet 
with at Biddenden and other parts of the Weald. The 
grazing of Shirley Moor, and Romney Marsh, conduced, in 
my opinion, more to the wealth and prosperity of Tenterden 
than the manufacture of either iron or cloth. 

This leads me to an important period of its history, viz., 
the severing of it from the jurisdiction of the County and 
its Seven Hundreds, and the transfer of it to the Cinque 
Ports, as a limb of Eye ; this was done by Henry VI, by 
letters patent, which recite that the barons and trusty men 
of the Cinque Ports, in return for the privileges they enjoyed 
by charters, granted to them by former Kings of England, 
were bound to find fifty-nine ships at their own charges 
every year for fifteen days at the summons of the sovereign. 
That the town of Rye was one of its most ancient ports, 
where the entry of enemies and rebels into the kingdom of 
England frequently happened. That not only the property 



64) TUE UISTORY OF TENTERDEN. 

in Rye was so reduced in value, but also its inhabitants were 
so impoverished, that neither the town nor its barons and 
trusty men could find and provide their quota of such navy 
as they ought to do. The King therefore granted to the 
Mayor and Barons of Rye, and " to the inhabitants and 
tenants resident and not resident in the Town and Hundred 
of Tenterden, that they should be of one Bailiff and Com- 
monalty of the same Town and Hundred of Tenterden, 
perpetual and corporate for ever, and be a body corporate 
by the name of the Bailiff and Commonalty of Tenterden." 
Then follow directions for the election of the bailiff, and 
for the holding of courts fortnightly, according to the 
custom of the Cinque Ports. Also the exemption of the 
inhabitants from the tolls, levies, and burdens of the shire 
and hundred, and from attending the Shire Courts at 
Penenden Heath, the Hundi'ed Courts of the Seven Hun- 
dreds, and before Justices in Eyre and Commissioners of 
Sewers ; and a command that the Bailiff and Commonalty 
of Tenterden should contribute with the Barons, each 
according to his means, to the service of ships for 
the many when required so to do. And that all pleadings 
should be in the court before the Bailiff of Tenterden, or in 
the court of the Cinque Ports called Shipway. 

Rye was no doubt glad to be relieved of a portion of its 
burdens, by its more prosperous neighbour Tenterden. 
Later on (8 Henry VII), a composition was entered into 
between the two towns for apportioning the services to be 
rendered, and the payments to be made by each. The next 
corporate change, at Tenterden, took place in the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, when that sovereign added to its import- 
ance by substituting a Mayor for a Bailiff ; and from that 
time until the passing of the Municij)al Corporations Act, its 
corporation under the charter of Queen Elizabeth was styled, 
" The Mayor, Jurats, and Commons of the Town and Hundred 
of Tenterden " (which included part of Ebony), John Hales 
being its first Mayor. The maces and seals of the Corpora- 
tion should be inspected. There is a bailiff's seal (brass), also 
two mayor's seals (one silver and the other brass). The 
Corporate seal is an elaborate one, and bears the arms of 



REGISTERS — ROYAL VISITS — SCHOOL — SMALLHYTHE. 55 

the Cinque Ports, and a figure of St. Mildred with a coronet, 
also a shield with the family arms (as Boys supposed) of the 
Pitlesden family, who presented the seal to the Corporation. 

The Parish Registers date from the reign of Henry VIII 
(1544), and appear to have been re-copied in the reign of 
Elizabeth (1599). 

When Henry VIII became enamoured of the gay and 
accomplished Ann Boleyn, he paid frequent visits to Hever 
Castle, and on one occasion he visited Tenterden. During 
his reign " a marvellous, abominable, and seditious sermon " 
was preached in Tenterden upon one Easter Wednesday, 
and an information was laid by certain of the inhabitants 
and presented to the Privy Council, who gave directions for 
the arrest of the priest. This sermon was possibly against 
the supremacy of the King. I have been unable to trace any 
more about either the priest or the sermon. 

On the 2nd of May, 1511, six men and four women (most 
of them from Tenterden) appeared before Archbishop 
Warham at Knole, and abjured their errors, ten in number ; 
and later in the day two other inhabitants did the same. 
By way of penance, the Archbishop enjoined them to wear 
on their clothes, until dispensed Avith, the badge of a fagot 
in flames, and in procession at their own parish church, and 
in the Cathedral at Canterbury, they were directed to carry 
a fagot on their shoulders, as a public confession that they 
deserved burning. 

A Free Grammar School was founded here, by an ancestor 
of Sir Henry Heyman, which was endowed by the Rev. 
William Marshall in the reign of Henry VIII, and subse- 
quently by John Mantel. The income of these endowments 
is now applied towards the support of the ISTational School. 

Halden Park at this time belonged to Sir Edward Guide- 
ford, and was enlarged by the enclosure of some adjoining- 
lands in Tenterden. Lambarde returns it as disparked in 
his time. 

I must say a few words about Smallhythe and its chapel, 
situate within the borough of Dumborne, in the southern 
extremity of Tenterden, near the Rother. Like Tenterden 
Church, we have no reliable authority as to when and by 



56 TUE UISTOllY OF TENTERDllN. 

wlioui this chapel was built. Kilburne says it is supposed to 
have been founded by one Sheplierde. It was possibly erected 
for the accommodation of the inhabitants there, who had to 
keep it in rej)air. We are told that the upper part of the 
road leadinj^ from Tenterdeu to Smallhythe was known as 
Broad-Tenterden^ and at one time formed the most populous 
part of it. This chapel \vas dedicated to St. John the 
Baptist, and licensed by a faculty from Archbishop Warham 
(May 5, 1509), on the petition of the inhabitants, on account 
of the distance from the parish church, the badness of the 
roads, and periodical floods. In this faculty (on the eve of 
the Reformation) there is a grant of forty days' indulgence 
to all who should contribute towards the support of the 
chapel and chaplain. The right to present to it was at 
first vested in the Vicar of Tenterden, but it is now enjoyed 
by the householders of Dumborne. The chaplain (now 
incumbent) is maintained by the rent arising from a small 
farm, and in bygone times a room was erected over the 
farmhouse for his residence. There appears to have been a 
haven at one time at Smallhytlie, for we find a precept from 
Edward III to the bailiff complaining that the masters and 
mariners of shij^s coming there cast the lastage of their 
vessels into the port, whereby the passage had become 
so narrow that ships could not enter. The sea came 
up here as late as the reign of Henry VIII ; as a faculty was 
granted, in 1509, to bury in the ancient chapel yard at 
Smallhythe the bodies of those who were cast by shij)wreck 
on the sea-shore. 

Amongst the few records possessed by the Corporation, is 
a minute book, in which passing events appear to have been 
entered in chronological order. Here we find this entry : 
"6 Henry VIII [a.d. 1514-5], the which year Smalithe was 
burnt on the last day of July." Did the fire include the 
chapel, which had only been erected six years ? About thirty- 
five years after the fire, and in the reign of Edward VI, inter- 
rogatories were issued (which may be seen amongst the 
papers of the Court of Augmentation) to ascertain whether 
this was a chapel of ease or not, its distance from Tenterden, 
and other particulars. 



SMALLHYTHE CHURCH. 57 

About ten witnesses were examined, and tlie result of 
their evidence may be thus summed up : — 

They all agreed that it was not a chapel of ease. Accord- 
ing- to one witness, there were then sixty "houseling people" 
in the hamlet, eighty according to another, and 100 accord- 
to a third. That there was no haven there, save only a creek 
of salt water, frequented only by lighters to fetch wood ; 
though a little pinnace of the King's had been brought there 
to be repaired {thus connecting Tenterden with the Cinque Ports 
and Royal Navy). That mass had been said in the chapel for 
the last two years by one Peter Hall ; and no other sacra- 
ments administered but mass, matins, even song, holy-bread, 
and holy- water, all which was done with the license of the 
vicar ; that lands called chapel lands, including a mortuary- 
garden, had been left for the support of a priest. 

Within a few months of this inquiry, I find amongst 
the particulars for grants, one to two brothers, Robert and 
John King, of London, merchant tailors, of " the late free 
chapel called Smallhythe," then vacant. " The lead, lights, 
and advowson excepted." This sale appears to have been 
effected about the time the chantries were sold, but I am 
rather in a fog as to this. If it was, then it is obvious that 
a fresh trust must have been created, based on the principles 
of the Reformed Church. It is now a separate ecclesiastical 
district, 

I must hasten on ; the threatened invasion during the 
reign of Elizabeth, first by the Roman Catholics, with the 
sanction of Pope Pius V, with a view to overthrow the 
Queen's government, and afterwards by the Spaniards, led 
to the mustering, arming, and training of the inhabitants of 
Tenterden, as a limb of the Cinque Ports, and they had to 
provide twenty-four men and four horses. A beacon or fire 
signal was hung at the top of the church, on a pole eight 
feet long. It resembled an iron kettle. Watchmen were 
stationed near it at night, while during the day a light horse- 
man, called an hobiler, was in readiness to communicate with 
Cranbrook and the neighbouring stations. Muster rolls 
were also preserved, of the trained bands of the town and 
hundred. 



58 THE HISTORY OF TENTERDEN. 

The Corporation minute book, wlien recording the visit 
of Queen Elizabeth at Bartholomew-tide in 1571-2 to Rye, 

Hempsted, and Sissiughurst, makes no mention of Tenterden. 
Her Majesty visited the Weald on two or three occasions, 
since which time royal visits here have been few and far 
between. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War, a landing of the sup- 
porters of Charles I took place at Rye (a.d. 1642), and orders 
were issued by the Parliament to intercept and seize the 
horses of all " malignants" that might be found in the neigh- 
bourhood ; but the great Kentish rising did not take place 
until 1C48. 

The surveys of Crown lands, and possessions of the 
Church, which were ordered by the Commonwealth to be made 
with a view to a sale, included " the Seven Hundreds " (now 
the property of Viscount Cranbrook), and the rectory of Ten- 
terden, let on lease to Sir Edward Hales, Bart. Amongst the 
royalists whose estates at Tenterden were sequestered, and 
who were heavily mulct for their loyalty, were those of the 
Colepepers, the Guldefords, the Argalls, Sir Peter Richards, 
and Sir Robert Pointz. 

The manors of Morgue and Godden were still held 
together, and had passed from an Essex family named Argall 
(who held at this time Kenchill) to Sir John Colepeper. 
The Parliamentary Commissioners sold Sir John's interest in 
Morgue and Godden to his relative Sir Cheney Colepeper, 
and an interest attaches to the notice in these Parliamentary 
papers of a breach of the sea, whereby 156 acres of the 
Morgue lands were returned as " drowned lands," since 
the breaking in of the sea in Wittersham level ; and that in 
four .years (1644 to 1648) the water scots in the Morgue and 
Gatesden lands amounted to £1025, and there was but little 
hope of their returning to their former value, without great 
care and expense. The Parliamentary Commissioners, how- 
ever, declined to make any allowance for these heavy scots, 
and the fine was assessed at £200. 

Within two months of the restoration of Charles II (19 
March, 1660) Tenterden Court Hall was burnt down, and 
the Corporation chest with its charters and ancient docu- 



THE SKEETS — SLAVERY. 59 

ments were destroyed. An exemplification of the charters 
was obtained in the reign of George III. 

I promised before I closed this paper to refer to the 
Skeets family, who were influential clothiers in Tenterden 
during the seventeenth century, and carried on business for 
three generations at Westcross. By the kindness of the 
widow of the late Mr. Talbot, formerly of Tenterden, I have 
seen the lecture he delivered and the memorandum he made 
respecting this family. James Skeets was Mayor of Tenterden 
in 1643, and on two other occasions. There are entries in 
old waste books shewing the extent of the business he carried 
on. The factory business was not then known, and the 
making of cloth was a domestic employment. John Tylden 
was another influential clothier at that time at Tenterden, 
and carried on business as you enter Tenterden from Cran- 
brook. The cloth made was despatched to London, and to 
the neighbouring fairs. Most of the leading clothiers were 
also graziers ; the Skeets held Morgue under the Colepepers. 
The leading shopkeeper at this time was Susan Butler ; she 
was a general dealer, and had a well-stocked shop. 

By the end of the eighteenth century the manufacture of 
iron and cloth in the Weald had ceased ; the former trade 
was transferred to Merthyr Tydvil, Aberdare, etc., and the 
latter to Leeds, Bradford, etc. ; and as to the land, its 
original and peculiar tenures had been converted or 
abolished. 

From its earliest history we rarely meet with personal 
servitude in this locality, and when we do it is of the mildest 
form ; the reason is obvious. It was first known as a forest, 
and it was the last portion of the shire that was brought 
into cultivation, and this was effected when civilization was 
making rapid advances, when 

" Custom in Kent, encouraging the brave, 
Distinguished well the brother from the slave." 

The inhabitants of the Weald were amongst the earliest 
and foremost to expose the errors of the Eomish Church, 
notwithstanding the sanguinary laws passed against the Lol- 
lards ; and with the aid of the Flemish clothiers, they fostered 



GO THE HISTOllY OF TENTERDEN. 

the Reformation. Zeal sometimes carried them beyond discre- 
tion, for amongst the prominent leaders of Wat Tyler's 
rebellion were men from Tenterden and Smallhytlie. Richard 
Owen of Tenterden was one of those who were excepted from 
the general pardon ; and as might be expected, this district 
supplied its full quota of the followers of Jack Cade. 

In Archbishop Laud's return to Charles I of the state of 
his diocese, under Tenterden he says : — " There are some re- 
fractory people here, but, by the aid of the archdeacon, I 
hope to keep them in order." 

Though I have not nearly exhausted my subject, I fear I 
have exhausted your patience. I have given you, from the 
best materials I could collect, a hasty sketch of Tenterden in 
bygone times, and I have only to express my hope that 
modern Tenterden may be prosperous, and its inhabitants 
happy. A few years ago it gave a title to Charles Abbot, a 
native of Canterbury and Chief Justice of England, created 
Lord Tenterden in the year 1827 ; and as an incentive to the 
rising generation, I will conclude in the words of a late dis- 
tinguished member of our Society : — " Lord Tenterden's 
career will prove to future generations that in England the 
most lowly born may attain the highest honours by the 
exercise of industry, application, patience, and intelligence." 



( 61 ) 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 

BY THE KEY. R. COX HALES, M.A. 

AcconDiNG to the most reliable information which 
I have been able to obtain, the original ancestor of the 
family was Tonne, Lord of Hale and Luceby, in the 
time of Edward the Confessor. Among his descend- 
ants there is no one calling for particular notice till 
we come to Sir Robert de Hales, Prior of the Hospital 
of St. John of Jerusalem in England, in the reign 
of Edward III ; Admiral of the King's Fleet, and 
Treasurer of the King's Exchequer, in the fourth 
year of Richard II. The hard fate which befell him 
is well known. During the rebellion of Wat Tyler, 
when the King, who had previously been fortified in 
the Tower, was induced to go out and meet the insur- 
gents, the rebels broke into the fortress and pillaged 
it; beheading Sudbury, Archbishop of Canterbury, (who 
had abused them as "shoeless ribalds,") Sir Robert de 
Hales, the Treasurer, and others whom they found 
there. 

Sir Robert de Hales appears to have died childless, 
and the family was represented by his brother. Sir 
Nicholas Hales, whose grandson, John Hales, built 
Hales Place, Tenterden. Among his descendants was 
Sir Christopher Hales, Attorney- General and Master 
of the Rolls, in the reign of Henry VIII ; he died 
in 1542. 

Thomas Hales, brother of the above-mentioned 



62 BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 

John Hales, was the ancestor of the Coventry hranch 
of tlic family.* Ilis descendant, John Hales, was 



* Nicholas rialcs.T= . . . 



I I 

Sir Robert, Knt. of St. John Sir Nicholas.=f 

of Jerusalem, o. s.p. | 



Thomas (of Halden).= 



1. John.=p ... 3. Henry. 2. Thomas.^ 

^1 M/ 

A quo I 



Henry, of Ten-=pJuliana Capell Thomas, of James; 

terden. I of Tenterden. Romford. 



r 



I I I 

Thomas.^f^Elizabeth John.=p . . . John, Alderman of=p 

I Cawnton. I Canterbury. I 



I I 

Sir Christopher, Master of=p . . . John, Baron of the=f=Elizabeth 

the Rolls, ob. 15i2. I Exchequer. Harry. 



Ill I 

3 daughters. 1. Sir James (of the Dun-=^ . . . dau. & heir 

geon), a Justice of the of Thos. Hales of 
Common Pleas. Henley. 



Humphry .=T= . . . Atwater. 



I I I 

Mildred.=Johu Honywood 2. Thomas. 3. Edward, of=pMargaret 

of Seen. \|/ Tenterden. | Honeywood. 

A quo \|/ 

the baronets of A quo 

Bekesbourne. the baronets of Wood- 

church, Tunstall, and 
St. Stephens. 



I 

Thomas.: 



Thomas of Halden,=p 
ob. at Canterbury. I 



1. John. 2. Sir Christopher 3. Bartholomew. 4. John. 5. Stephen, 
of Coventry. 



BKIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 63 

created a baronet 25 Aug. 1660. This branch of the 
family being, as I believe, quite extinct ; and having, 
moreover, no particular connection with Kent, I here 
leave, and go on to the Woodchurch and Bekes- 
bourne branches. 

Sir John Hales, great-grandson of the original 
builder of Hales Place, was a baron of the Exchequer, 
and lived at the Dungeon — now the Dane John — 
Canterbury. 

His second son, Thomas Hales, of Thanington, and 
his third son, Edward Hales, of Tenterden, were the 
ancestors of the Bekesbourne and Woodchurch 
branches respectively. 

Sir Eobert Hales, great-grandson of Thomas Hales, 
of Thanington, was created a baronet 12 July 1660. 
His descendants are all extinct, so I will leave this 
branch also ; although there were several persons of 
note among this family, one of whom was Stephen 
.Hales, well known for his researches and experiments 
on plants. Liebig says, " They remain to this day as 
a pattern of an excellent method, and are unsurpassed 
in the domain of vegetable physiology." 

I proceed, then, with the ancestry of the first Sir 
Edward Hales, of "Woodchurch. 

Edward Hales, the third son of Baron Hales, was 
married to Margaret, daughter of John Honeywood, 
of Seen, by whom he had a numerous family. His 
two eldest sons (namely, John Hales, who married 
Mary, daughter of Eobert Home, Bishop of Win- 
chester ; and Edward Hales, of Chilham, who married 
Mary, daughter of Stephen Eord, of Tenterden) having 
both died issueless, his third son, William Hales, of 
Tenterden, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Paul 
Johnson, of Eordwich, became his heir. 



Gl 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 



There were also two daughters, Jane and Eliza- 
beth ; married, respectively, to Sir Thomas Honey- 
wood, of Elmstead, and William Austen, of Tenterden. 

William Hales, of Tenterden, had by his wife 
Elizabeth three sons, Edward (of whom presently) ; 
William of Bowley and Chilston; and Richard of 
Hunsdon. The pedigree will be found on pages 75-77. 

Sir Edward Hales,* Knt., the eldest son of William 
and Elizabeth Hales, of Tenterden, was created a 
baronet 29 June 1611. He married, firstly, Deborah, 



Sir Jiis. Orowmcr.=f^jMartha Care\v.:=*Sij' Edward Hales,^Deborah Har 
I 1st bart., ob. 165i. lackcndcn. 



Christian =T=Sir John Hales, 
Crowmcr. I Knt., o. v.p. 



Samuel, ob.=pMartha Heron- 
1G38. I den. 



Sir Edward,=pAunc, dau. & cob. 



2nd bart. 



of Thos. Lord 
Wotton. 



Edward.^Elizabeth, dau. 
j of Sir John 
I Evelyn. 



I I I 
Christiana. 

Deborah . 

Martha. 



Sir Edward-rFrances John. 



(Earl of Ten- 
terden), ob. 
169.-). 



Winde- — 
bank. Charles. 

Thomas. 



II II 

Ed\Yard, Thorn asinc.=pGerard Elizabeth, 
o. s.p. I Gore. — 

\|/ Frances. 



Edward, killed at Helen Bagnal.=i=Sir John (4th=f:Mary Bealing Other 
battle of Boyne. I bart.),ob.l7-J4. I (1st wife). issue. 



0. s.p. 



Edward,=^Ann Bulstrode. 
0. v.p. I 



Frances. 



Mrs. Palmer.=Sir Edward=j=Barbara, dau. &heir Ann. 



(.5th bart.), 
ob. 1802. 



of Sir John Webb — 
(1st wife). Barbara. 



Mary.T= . . . De 
Morlain- 
court. 



Sir Edward (last bart.).=Lucy Darell. 
ob. 1829, s.p. 



Mary Barbara F^licit^ Hales. 




vSiR EDWAMi^ Hales, 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 65 

daughter and heiress of Martin Harlackenden, of 
Woodchurch, in the county of Kent. At the time of 
her father's death she Avas aged only one year and 
three months ; consequently it may be presumed that 
there were great accumulations during her minority. 
By this marriage, Sir Edward acquired the Wood- 
church estates and was styled " Lord of Woodchurch." 
He married, secondly, Martha, daughter of Sir 
Matthew Carew, and relict of Sir James Cromer, 
Knt., of Tunstall, Kent. By his first marriage Sir 
Edward had two sons, both of whom predeceased him. 
Sir John Hales, Knt., the elder son, married Chris- 
tiana, daughter of Sir James Cromer, Knt., of 
Tunstall. By these three marriages the father and 
son acquired, in addition to their Tenterden property, 
very considerable estates at Woodchurch and Tunstall, 
and to them might be applied — parvis componere 
magna — the well-known distich respecting the Haps- 
burgs : 

" Bella geraut alii tu felix Austria niibe." 

Their great possessions were; however, dissipated 
in the wars of the Stuarts, as the sequel will prove. 

Sir Edward Hales had bv his first marriasre a 
second son, Samuel Hales, for whom Sir Edward 
purchased the lands of his younger brother, William 
Hales, of Bowley and Chilston. 

Samuel Hales married Martha, daughter of 
Stephen Heronden, of Staple Inn, Middlesex; who 
was, I believe, of an old Kentish family, formerly 
seated at Benenden and Biddenden. At his death 
Samuel Hales was seised of lands in the parishes of 
Preston, Luddenham, Davington, Eaversham, and 
Owre in Kent. He died at Davington, 13 June 
1638, and left behind him a son and heir, Edward 

VOL. XIV. F 



66 BllIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 

Ilalcs, (who was aged eight years, one month, and 
twenty-eig-lit days at his father's death,) and also three 
daugliters, Christiana, Deborah, and Martha. 

This Edward Hales, who is generally called Edward 
Hales of Chilston, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir 
John Evelyn, of Lee Place, Godstone, M.P. for 
Bletchingley. By this marriage lie had a son, Edward, 
and three daughters, Thomasine, Elizabeth, and 
Erances. Thomasine married Gerard Gore, Esq., of 
Tunstall, and an inscription to her memory may be 
seen in Tunstall Church. Edward, the only surviving 
son, died issueless, and then the line became extinct. 
His widowed mother, Elizabeth, and her three 'daugh- 
ters all joined, 28 Jan. 1698, in a deed of sale where- 
by the estates were diverted from the family. 

I may note, in passing, that the branch of the 
Evelyns into which Edward Hales married, seems, like 
the Hales' to have dissipated their family property. 
The two families lived in great intimacy with each 
other; some of the children of Edward Hales and 
Elizabeth Evelyn were baptized at Godstone, as the 
registers shew ; while only one son, Edward, was 
baptized at Boughton Malherbe. Sir John Evelyn, 
Knt., by his will, dated 20 April 1663, amongst other 
gifts, devises as follows : — 

" To my good son-in-law, Edward Hayles (sic) of 
Boughton Malherb, in the county of Kent, Esquire, 
£40 for piourning for himself and wife." This I sup- 
pose was all he could afford. The money spent on 
elections, and the civil wars, had doubtless reduced 
his exchequer. 

The celebrated Evelyn, author of " Silva," appears 
to have visited Chilston in 1666. In his Diary (Bray's 
Edition) he says : — 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 67 

May 8, 1666. ''Went to visit my cousin Hales at 
a sweetly watered place at Chilston, near Bocton." 
As Edward Hales, the son and heir, was baptized 20 
March 1666, there probably were great rejoicings and 
festivities about this period, whereat so noted a per- 
son as Evelyn of Sayes Court would undoubtedly be 
exceedingly weJcome. That he was upon very inti- 
mate terms with Edward Hales is pretty clear. I may 
here introduce an extract from the " Book of Ex- 
pences " kept by George Glanville, Esq., brother-in-law 

of the author of " Silva :"— 

£ s. d. 

April 2. 169^. Pajd for going to see my cousin Hales... 00 02 00 

July 4. 169f . Frank, servant to Chilson 05 00 00 

Aug. 14. Spent in my journey to Cbilson 03 14 

Given to Mary 00 02 6 

Givento James 00 01 

Oct. 21. Kent, the liousekeeper's journey to Chilson ... 00 10 9 

Dec. 1. Frank charges from Chilson 10 00 

1694. 

Nov. 9. Sir Tho^ Hales' man 00 2 6 

1694-5. 

Jan. 3. Betty Hales' silk stockins 00 12 

Father Hales' tobacco 00 04 

Jan. 17. Mr. Hales' man for venison 5 

Feb. 8. Sir Tho« Hales' man 10 

Mar. 25. Sir Tho« Hales' man 16 

June . Sir T. H. Gardiners 2 

When the hospitable owner of Chilston died, so 
profusely hospitable as to leave his family in difficul- 
ties, I do not exactly know, but it was evidently about 
1697. Here I must leave them, and go on to speak 
more minutely respecting the baronet's family. 

The old Sir Edward Hales, like many grandfathers, 
seems to have been somewhat jealous of the young 
heir who was to succeed him ; and not the less so from 
the contrariety of their opinions. Let us transport 

F 2 



68 BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 

ourselves hack to the year 1618, when King Charles I 
was a prisoner in Carishrook Castle. Young Edward 
Hales, who had married Lady Anne, daughter of 
Lord Wotton, seems upon a sudden impulse to have 
taken up the cause of the King ; his vanity heing flat- 
tered hy an idea of the great results likely to follow 
from his doing so. 

Referring to the trustworthy statements of Claren- 
don, we find (vol. vi.) that there were at this time 
some commotions in Kent, and one Mr. L'Estrange, 
who had heen taken prisoner hy the Parliament, and 
hy a court of law condemned to die, contrived to in- 
gratiate himself with the weak young Edward Hales. 
L'Estrange had heen set at liberty at the end of 
the war, as one no longer dangerous ; but he re- 
tained his old affection, and more remembered 
the cruel usage he had received than the fact 
that he had got off scot-free. " He had," says 
Clarendon, " a great friendship with a young gentle- 
man, Mr. Hales, who lived in Kent, and was married 
to a lady of noble birth and fortune, he being heir to 
one of the greatest fortunes in that country ; but was 
to expect the inheritance from an old severe grand- 
father, who for the present kept the young couple 
from running into any excess. The mother of the 
lady being of as strict and sour a nature as the grand- 
father, and both of them so much of the Parliament 
party that they were not willing that any part of their 
estates should be hazarded for the King. At the 

house of this Mr. Hales, L'Estrange was 

when the report did first arise that the fleet would 
presently declare for the King, and those seamen who 
came on shore talked as if the City of London would 
join with them. This di'ew many gentlemen of the 




From tHa'p OTieliM-al at Sir E-rllw ^ Hsiil.p3 laear i'siiiiterlhiuiy, 
lublished ly Edward Jeffhiy. FaU Ma.ll.182b . 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 69 

country to visit the ships, and they returned more 
confirmed of the truth of what they had heard. Good 
felloAvship was a vice generally S23read over that coun- 
try, and this young great heir, who had been always 
bred amongst his neighbours, affected that which they 
were best pleased with, and so his house became a 
rendezvous for those who delighted in that exercise 

and all men's mouths were full of the 

general hatred which the whole kingdom had against 
the Parliament and the army." 

Mr. L'Estrange observed, by the good company 
that came to the house, that the affections of many in 
that large and populous country were for the King. 
So he began to tell Mr. Hales that though his grand- 
father did in his heart wish the King well, yet his car- 
riage had been such, in conjunction with the Parlia- 
ment, that he had more need of the King's favour than 
of his grandfather's to be heir of that great estate ; 
and that certainly nothing could be more acceptable 
to his grandfather, or more glorious to him, than to be 
the instrument of both ; and therefore advised him to 
put himself at the head of his own country, which 
would willingly be led by him, and that so doing he 
should have a great share in the honour of restoring 
the King. 

The weak young man fell into the snare, and being 
seconded by his wife and by the company that fre- 
quented the liouse, he took up an enormous sum of 
money, £80,000, (and we must remember what £80,000 
must have been in those days,) in order to defray the 
expenses of raising a Kentish army. The extraordinary 
thing was his delivering himself blindly to the counsels 
of L'Estrange; and, as Clarendon here well remarks, 
" the young gentleman had not been enough conver- 



70 BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALKS FAMILY. 

sant with the allairs oi" the Avorld to apprehend the 
hazard and danger of the attempt, and so referred 
himself and the whole business to he governed and 
conducted by one whom they believed by his discourse 
to be an able soldier." 

Maidstone was I believe appointed as their rendez- 
vous, and immense numbers resorted thither on the 
appointed day. Whereupon Mr. L'Estrange made an 
address inveighing against the Parliament, and assert- 
ing — which he had no authority for doing — that his 
Majesty was willing to have a gentleman of their own 
country well known to them to be their general, and 
named Mr. Hales, who was then present. No ques- 
tions were asked ; but they one and all expressed their 
readiness to join, and to march as General Hales should 
direct. Shortly afterwards Mr. Hales, as General, made 
out the commissions, and after two more general 
gatherings, they agreed to keep together till they 
could march to London. 

It is not difficult to imagine the effect which 
these tidings would have on the dominant Parliament. 
The gentlemen of Kent, indeed, who sat in the Par- 
liament, utterly disbelieved and denied the facts 
asserted ; and Sir Edward Hales, who was present, told 
them he was confident that his grandson could not be 
engaged in such an affair. But when it appeared that 
the meetings were continued, and the declarations 
published, together with the fact that young Hales 
was their general, the Parliament sent two or three 
troops of horse into Kent to suppress " that seditious 
insurrection," as it was called ; Sir Edward Hales 
now exercising himself with revilings, threats, and 
detestations of his grandson, who, he protested, should 
never be his heir. 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 71 

All ended as might have been anticipated. It 
was not likely that a plain country gentleman, like 
young Hales, could be suddenly fitted to command the 
newly raised troops ; or that such as they could cope 
with the Parliamentary veterans. 

The new levies were plainly told by those who had 
the management of the King's affairs that Mr. Hales 
was not equal to his work ; and the Earl of Norwich, 
better known as Lord George Goring, was sent to 
supersede him. 

To quote again the language of Clarendon : " Mr. 
Hales, upon the news of another General to be sent 
thither, and upon the storms of threats and rage 
which fell upon him from his grandfather on the one 
side, and on his wife by her mother on the other side, 
and upon the conscience that he was not equal to the 
charge, though his affection was not in the least de- 
clined, found means to transport himself and his wife, 
together with his friend Mr. L'Estrange, into Holland, 
resolving, as soon as he had put his wife out of the 
reach of her mother, to return himself and to venture 
his person in the service which he could not conduct, 
which he did quickly after very heartily endeavour 
to do." 

It is not necessary for me to trace further the for- 
tunes of this misguided young man. He appears, 
about 1651, to have retired finally to Erance ; and in 
1654 he succeeded to his grandfather's title, but never 
resided in England, and died abroad. 

I must now go on to his son and successor, Edward 
Hales, third baronet, who was born in 1645. He is 
very much mixed up with contemporary history, and 
was held in especial favour by James 11. 

Perhaps the most remarkable incident in his life is 



72 BRIEF NOTES ON IMll-: HALES FAMILY. 

the trial, in whicli lie pleaded the King's dispensing 
power, for having neglected to take the Sacrament 
after receiving a military commission. A mock 
action Avas l)rought against him by one Godden, his 
servant, to recover a penalty of £500, and Sir Edward 
being convicted at Rochester Assizes, moved the case 
into the King's Bench, and a majority of the judges, 
eleven to one, decided that the King might for reasons 
of State lawfully dispense with penal statutes in par- 
ticular cases. Eor a full and particular account of 
this case I may refer to Lord Macaulay's History 
and also to Evelyn's Diary. 

He continued to advance in Royal favour, and 
was appointed Lieutenant of the Tower, a Lord of the 
Admiralty, and a Privy Councillor, and Avas in 
constant attendance on King James 11. When that 
monarch visited Oxford, in 1687, particular notice was 
taken of his oldest son, Edward Hales, Gentleman Com- 
moner of University College, fuller details of which 
will be found in Antony a Wood's AthencB Oxonienses. 

This young man, who seems to have been of un- 
usual promise, was afterwards killed at the Battle of 
the Boyne. 

The connection of Sir Edward Hales with King 
James's flight and abdication is well known. He 
brouglit a hackney coach and went away with James, 
when that monarch flung the Great Seal into the 
Thames, and so travelled with him to Elmley Ferry, 
near Sheerness, where a hoy was waiting. Had they 
sailed immediately they might have got safely across 
the Channel, but the master of the vessel refused to 
weigh without more ballast, and thus a tide was lost 
and the vessel could not float before midnight. 

By this time the news of the King's flight had 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 73 

travelled down the Thames, and the rude fishermen 
of the Kentish coast viewed the hoy with suspicion 
and with cupidity. Eifty or sixty boatmen, animated 
at once by hatred of Popery and by love of plunder, 
boarded the hoy, just as she was about to make sail. 
The passengers were told that they must go on shore 
and be examined by a magistrate. The King's ap- 
pearance excited suspicion. "It is Pather Petre," 
cried one ruffian ; "I know him by his lean-faced 
jaws." " Search the hatchet-faced old Jesuit," be- 
came the general cry. He was rudely pulled and 
pushed about. His money and his watch were taken 
from him. He had about him his coronation ring, and 
some other trinkets of great value ; but these escaped 
the search of the robbers, who were, indeed, so igno- 
rant of jewellery that they took his diamond buckles 
for bits of glass. 

At length the prisoners were put on shore and 
carried to an inn. A crowd had assembled to see 
them ; and James, though disguised by a wig of diffe- 
rent shape and colour from that which he usually 
wore, was at once recognised. Por a moment the 
rabble seemed to be overawed, but the exhortations of 
their chiefs revived their courage, and the sight of Sir 
E. Hales, whom they well knew and bitterly hated, in- 
flamed their fury. His park was in the neighbour- 
hood, and at that very moment a band of rioters was 
employed in pillaging his house and shooting the deer. 

Sir Edward Hales was imprisoned in Maidstone 
jail for about a year, and then rejoined James 
II in Prance. He was impeached by the House of 
Commons, as appears by their journals, 26 Oct. 
1689, and was adjudged a traitor. He died in 1695, 
and is buried at St. Sulpice, in Paris. 



74< BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 

Undorstanding that there was a monument erected 
to his memory, I took the liberty of applying to the 
present cure of that church, M. Meritan, who 
obligingly informs me that the church having been 
entirely rebuilt since 1G95, the monument, if ever 
there was one, no longer exists. 

Before finally taking leave of Sir Edward, I may 
mention that King James II created him Earl of 
Tenterden and Viscount Tunstall — titles which were 
not recognized by William and Mary. The patent 
thereof is in the possession of my relative. Miss M. B. 
E. Hales, lately of Hales Place, Canterbury, who 
obligingly shewed it to me there, in 1879. 

The third baronet was succeeded by his second 
surviving son. Sir John Hales. Of him I have very 
little to say, except that he was offered a peerage by 
George I, but declined it, because he was not allowed 
to claim the Earldom of Tenterden. He died, after a 
somewhat strange life, in 1744, and was buried at 
Tunstall. 

His grandson, the fifth baronet, Sir Edward Hales, 
of Woodchurch, succeeded him and died in 1802 ; and 
he was succeeded by his son, Sir Edward Hales, sixth 
and last baronet, who married in 1789 Lucy, daughter 
of Henry Darell of Calehill. When he died issueless, 
in 1829, the baronetcy became extinct, and his exten- 
sive^ estates devolved eventually upon his great-niece, 
Mary Barbara Eelicite, granddaughter of his sister, 
Madame de Morlaincourt, whose son assumed the name 
of Hales. 

It may not be out of place to record, that although 
the immediate male descendants of the first baronet are 
all deceased, the old family, which was settled for cen- 
turies in the neighbourhood of Tenterden, is not ex- 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 75 

tinct, but is now represented by the humble individual 
who writes this paper. 

The first baronet had two brothers, the elder of 
whom, William Hales of Bowley and Chilston (a place 
now owned by Aretas Akers-Douglas, Esq., M.P., a 
member of our Society), was married to Margaret, 
daughter of Kalph Heyman, of Tenterden. His 
elder son John, being impecunious, sold those estates 
to the baronet's family. The descendants of William 
Hales, of Bowley and Chilston, subsequently became so 
much reduced, that Samuel Hales, his great-grandson 
(who seems to have visited at Hales Place in early life), 
was obliged to go to sea, as a ship's carpenter. He 
died at sea, on board H.M.S. "Suffolk" in 1695. 
Subsequently, the fortunes of this branch of the 
family considerably revived, and Major James Hales, 
my father, was of the opinion that this Samuel was a 
descendant of Samuel Hales, of Chilston, a son of the 
first baronet. Sir Edward. A rigid examination shews 
that this is not so. For the sake of my children, I 
have had the most searching inquiry made, and the 
result of it proves that we are descended in a direct 
line from William Hales, of Bowley and Chilston, 
next surviving brother of the first baronet Su' Edward 
Hailes. 

The pedigree of this branch of the family has been 
officially investigated by the present Chester Herald 
(Mr. C. Murray Lane), who is the Registrar of the 
College of Arms. He certifies that the following 
sketch of it is correct : — 

Edward Hales.=pMargaret Houeywood, 



Other William Hales,=j=Elizabeth, dau. of Paul Johnsou,of 
issue. of Teuterdeu. | Nethercourt, in Thanet. 
A 



7G 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 



Sir Edwaiil 
Hales, ob. 
1G54. 



William IIalcs,=^i\Iargaret ]^Iaiy.=S. Smith. Richard. 



of Bowlcy and 
Chilstou, 2ud 

SOD. 



Ilej'mau. 



Kliza-=li. Ken wrick, 
beth. 



John, of Chilston,^Margarct 
which he sold 
to his uncle. 
Sir Edward. 



I 
Samuel, o[= 
Coldecote, 
Herts. 



Deborah ,=Richard, eldest son,: 
1st wife, bapt. at Boughton 
ob. 1066. Malherbe, 6 Nov. 
1629 ; ob. 1672. 



=Jane 



Other 
issue. 



Samuel,^Mary Ljgo, 
o. s.p. of Bccken- 
1674-5. ham. 



Samuel, of Chatham, 1st son,' 
ob. 8 Aug. 1695. 



^Elizabeth Oxley, married 
30 Jan. 1673. 



I 
Other issue. 



I I 

William, of Deptford,=f:Elizabeth Beckett, of Wes- Other 
2nd son ; born 1689 ; terham, married there, 1712 ; issue, 
ob. Dec. 1779, buried ob. 7 Oct. 1761, buried at 
Deptford. 



Samuel, 1st son, 
o. s.p., buried at 
Chatham. 



at Deptford. M.I. 



1 I 
Joseph, of Deptford, bapt. there, 19=pElizabeth . . . ob. 6 
Feb. 1719-20; ob. 25 Oct. 1801, Nov. 1775, buried 
buried at Deptford. M.I. at Deptford. 



James, rector of 
Limehouse. 



Joseph, of Great Marlow, 
living s.p., 1833. 



William, ob. ■l=pAnne .... ob. 31 
Nov. 1826. I May 18.32. 



Susanna. 



Joseph, ob. 8 May 
1819. 



Joseph Drake, buried 24 
June 1783. 



Two daughters. 



William, of=pSusan Snee, ob. 14 Feb. 1779, 
Deptford. I buried at Deptford. 



Other issue. 



Sarah, 1st wife,=f=l. James, of Deptford,=pSophia Cox, married at St. 



buried at Dept- 
ford, 17 Oct. 
1781. 



buried there. 22 Nov. 
1791. 



James William, buried at 
Deptford, 17 Feb. 1780. 

Joseph, buried at Dept- 
ford, 23 Dec. ]780. 



Clement's, Clement's Lane, 
Lombard Street, London, 
19 Oct. 1784 ; ob. Sept. 
1842. (Second wife.) 



Other 
issue. 



James, only son. Major 21st^Frances Charlotte, 
Bengal Native Infantry, born eldest dau. of Thos. 
1 Dec. 1785 ; bapt. at St. Nich., 
Deptford ; ob. at Calcutta, 
18 Dec. 1820, buried there. 



Blair, of Welbeck 
Street ; married 
1814 ; ob. 18 Nov. 
1871. 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 



77 



Esther Fliillips, dau. of=pRichard Cox Hales,^Ada Young, dau. of 
Thos. Williams, of Cow- rector of Woodman- Jas. Fredk. Elton 
ley Grove. Uxbridgc ; cote, Sussex ; only (H.M. 40th Ees 
married 21 April 1846; surviving son & ment), married 10 

ob. 27 Feb. 1847. heir ; born 29 Sept. Aug. 1871. 

1817 ; living, 1881. 



Edward Bouverie=Esther Elliott 

Pusey, Command- Cox Hales, 

er, R.N. born 14 Feb. 

1847 ; married 

28 June 1870. 



Other 

issue, 

died 

young. 



James Elton 



Hales, born 
1872. 



Eichard Waite Cox Hales, 
born 1874. 



Ada Matilda 
Mary Hales, 
born 24 Dec. 
1878. 



WILL OF SIE EDWAED HALES (Fiest Baronet). 

{Extraeted from the Principal Registry nf the Probate Dicision of the High 

Court of Jvstice.') 

In tlie Name of God Amen I S'" Edward Hales of Tunstall in the 
Countie o£ Kent Knight and Baronett being in the threescore and 
fifteenth yeare of my age And in reasonable healthe praised be God 
for the same And knowing (though not how soone) that I must dye 
Doe make this my last Will and Testament in manner and forme 
followiuge First I bequeathe my Soule to Allmightie God wholly 
relyeing on his sure Mercies in Christ Jesus my Lord and onlie 
Saviour for a ioyfull Resurrection And my Bodye I desire may be 
decentlie interred in the Parish Church of Tunstall aforesaid with- 
out any pompe or ceremonies at all no Funerall sermon no vaine 
com'emoracon no Invitation Strangers or Friends farr of but 
such friends onlie as are neare at hand my honest neighbours of 
the Parish of Tunstall afoi*esaid and servants No Escutcheons or 
vanity of heraulds only forty Escutcheons to be provided within a 
monthe after my decease and disposed to freinds as my Executor 
shall thiuke fitt Item I give to the Poore of the Parish of Tenter- 
den the sume of twentie pounds and to the poore of the severall 
parishes of Tunstall aforesaid Chart next Sutton Yallence and 
Ebbony the siune of tenne pounds the Parish to be paied to the 
Churche Wardens and other the Overseers of the Poore there 
respectively within halfe a year after my decease to be by them or 
the greater part of them in cache parrish respectively with the 
assent of the Maior of Tenterden aforesaid for that time being for 
the said parishes of Tenterden and Ebbony and wth the assent of 
the Incumbent and lawfull Ministere of the other Parishes of Tun- 
stall and Chart next Sutton Yallence respectivelie distributed to the 
honest poore persons there And not to such as inhabitt or dwell in 
cottages illegalie erected on wastes or in the high waies or live 
idlely by freeboothing beggiug filching or stealing or otherwise 
dissorderlie in theire lives the weeke before Christmas next after 
the payment thereof Item I will and give to Anne my loving 



78 BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 

Daugliter or (jranddaughlcr wife ol' Eilward llalca my jijrandsonne 
and only sonno of S'' John Hales Knight my Sonne deceased by 
Dame Cliristian his wife one of the foure daughters and coheires of 
S"' James Cromer late of Tuustall aforesaid Knight deceased being 
one of the foure daughters and coheires of Thomae Lord AV^otton 
Baron of Marley deceased by Dame Mary his wife one of tlie foure 
daughters and coheires of Sir Arthur Throckmorton late of Paules- 
perry in the Countie of Northampton Knight deceased my best 
Jewell at her choyce my cheine of pearles and all other the pearles 
which are in her or the said Edward Hales her husband his custodye 
by the delivery of Mary Mabb late the wife of George Hyndly 
deceased and now the wife of John Eo])erts the number whereof are 
specified in a paper under my handwriteing kept with them. Item 
I will and give to Edward Hales my grandsonne alsoe and sonne of 
my sonne Samuell Hales deceased by IMartha his wife sole daughter 
and heire of iStephen Heronden late of Staple Inne in the County 
of Middlesex Esq'' deceased being otherwise well provided for from 
mee (if he be well dealt withall and a iust account made him by his 
Gruardian in Soceage) an hundred pounds at his age of foure and 
twenty yeares to be bestowed in plate and then to be delivered vnto 
him as a further remembrance from me Item I will and give unto 
Christian and Deborah my grandchildren and daughters of my said 
sonne Samuell Hales the sume of Five hundred pounds apeece (if 
in my lifetime I shall not have given or secured to be given the like 
su'me or more to the said Christian and Deborah or either of them) 
that then the legacie now hereby intended to be given to such of 
them to cease and be voide at the severall dales of theire marryage 
or at their severall ages of two and twentie yeares which shall first 
happen respectively (tlieire said marryages being with the full 
consent and likeinge of my Executor my very loving friend and 
kinsman John Austen of Bexley Esq''*' hereafter named And the 
said Edward Hales theire brother And the survivors or survivor of 
them Provided alwaics that before any payment or delivery of the 
said hundred pounds in plate to the said Edward Hales and payment 
of the said Eive hundred pounds apeece to the said Christian and 
Deborah or either of them as aforesaid my said Executor be firstfully 
discharged and released of and from any Bond or Bonds or other 
securitie which I the said S'' Edward Hales and the said Sir John 
Hales my sonne or either of vs ioyutly or severallie have formerlie 
entred into in the Ecclesiasticall Court at Canterburie together w"^ 
theire Mother or as suretie for her or on her behalfe or at her 
request or otherwise vpon her takeing Letters of Administrac'on of 
the goods and chattels of the said Samuell Hales her late husband 
my sonne deceased and for truly administring and payment of 
theire portions allotted by the said Court (which are six hundi'ed 
and thirty pounds apeece to the said Christian and Deborah and 
either of them and twenty pounds to the said Edward Hales theire 
brother out of the goods and chatels of the said Samuell Hales 
theire Father) as by the Eecords of the said Court may more plainlie 
appeare And further Provided alsoe that my said Executor be like- 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 79 

wise fully satisfied and paicd all the rent and arrearages of rent 
now due to niee and arreare and unpaid being three thousand and 
three pounds at the Feast of St. Michaell last 1651 out of which 
the taxes by me payable according to order of the new yearly 
amount have not beene deemed to be deducted And which shalbe 
more due to mee arreare and vnpaid at the time of my deathe from 
theire Mother or her now husband or whomsoever issueing and 
goeing out of a messuage and lands called Bellaviewe and the 
iJemeasnes of the Manor of Willopp and other lands in the said 
County of Kent by me voluntarilie setled and stated by Deed or 
Deeds vpon my said sonne tSamuell Hales and his heires males 
And by mee then reserved out of the same payable halfe yearely 
during my life according to the true intent and meaning of the said 
Deed or deeds by me voluntarily made as aforesaid together with 
damages for uon paiment of the said rent at the time for paiment 
thereof when it was due and payable Item whereas William 
Barham my late servant is by mee made the Keeper of my chiefe and 
mansion house at Tenterden aforesaid And hath alsoe the custodie 
and care of my goods and household stuff in my said hovse co'mitted 
to him And is by me there imployed in collecting my rents over- 
sight of my Estate in those parts and in the Marsh and other 
affaires of mine thereabouts in the Wold of Kent and in the Marshe 
wherein if the said Edward Hales my Executor and heire or those 
which shall inheritt my said house and lands in Tenterden aforesaid 
&c. shall not thinke titt to employ him in such kind of service as I 
have done and now doe and vpon those or like tearmes or condic'ons 
then I will and give to the said William Barham the sume of tenne 
pounds yearlie to be paied to him halfe yearlie by my Executor out 
of my personall Estate at the Feasts of the Annunciacon of St. 
Mary the Virgin and St. Michaell the Archangell by equall portions 
during his naturall life The first payment thereof to beginne at 
that Feast of the aforesaid Feaste next after his being dischai'ged 
from keeping my said house and goods and other imployments and 
not being imployed as aforesaid (which I wish should not be) hee 
carryeing and behaving himselfe honestlie and faithfully as (I con- 
ceave) he hath ever done towards me Item I will and give to John 
Grove and Clifton Hilton my servants and either of them twentye 
pounds apeece Item I will and give to every other of my meniall 
and covenant servants dwelling in my house at my deathe men 
maides and boyes to cache of them five Markes apeece to be paied 
within three monthes after my decease Item I will and give to my sister 
Kenwrick and my sister Curtis being my sisters of whole blood 
tweutie pounds apeece and to my sister Meriott and my sister 
Dowman being my sisters of halfe blood by my Mother only daugh- 
ter of Paull Johnson late of Fordwich in the said Countie of Kent 
Esq® deceased the sume of tenne pounds apeece to be by them 
bestowed in blacke or otherwise at theire pleasure to be paied with- 
in a monthe after my decease Item I make constitute and appoint 
the said Edward Hales my grandsonne and heire sonne of S'" John 
Hales Knight my sonne by Dame Christian his wife deceased sole 



80 BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 

Executor of tliis iny last AVill and Testament Item 1 will and give 
to the sayd Edwam Hales my sayd Executor and licire (my debts 
and le<i;aL'ics being paiud and diHcliarged) all my leases liouseliold 
stuft'e and all my goods and eliatels whatsoever Jtem 1 make 
and ordeine the said John vXusten my kinsman Overseer ot" this my 
last A\^ill and Testament And I will and give him as a remendjrance 
of my love and kynd respecte towards him the same of fortie pound 
to be paied within three monthes after my decease Item not 
having any lands convenient and fitting in my power freelie to 
dispose nor more then formerlie estated and settled and by this my 
Will hereafter given and disposed of I will and give to Edward 
Hales eldest sonne of the said Edward Hales soune of S^ John 
Hales my sonne by the said Anne his wife my great grandsonne 
being six yeares old the eiglit and twentith day of September last 
1651 the sume of Tw'oe hundred pounds at his age of foure and 
twentie yeares And I w^ill that after hee hath attained his age of 
Twelve yeares hee should have tenne pounds yearlie paied him for 
consideracon of the said twoe hundred pounds halfe yearlie at the 
Eeaste of the Annunciacon of St. Mary the Virgin And St. Michaell 
the Arcliangell by eqiiall portions the first paimeut thereof to beginn at 
the Feast of the An'unciacon next after his said age of twelve 
yeares as a small remembrance of mee and to encourage him in 
learning his booke. Item I will and give to John Hales my great 
grandsonne alsoe and second sonne of the said Edward Hales by the 
said Anne his wife being three years old the second day of March 
last 1650 the sume of one hundred pounds at his age of foure and 
twentie yeares And I will that after hee hath attained the age of 
twelve yeares he should have five pounds yearlie paied him for con- 
sideracon of the said hundred pounds halfe yearlie at the Feaste of 
the Annunciacon of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Michaell the 
Archangell by equall porcons the first payment thereof to beginne 
at the Feast of the Annunciacon next after his said age of twelve 
yeares as a small remembrance of mee and to encourage him in 
learning his booke Item I will and give to Charles Hales my great 
graudsone likewise and third soniae of the sayd Edward Hales by 
the said Anne his wife being a yeare old the thirtieth day of 
December last 1650 the sume of one hmidred pounds at his age of 
foure and twentie yeares And I will that after hee hath attained the 
age of twelve yeares hee should have five poundes yearlie paied him 
for consideracon of the said hundred pounds halfe yearlie at the 
Feaste of the Annunciacon of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. 
Michaell the Archangell by equall portions the first paiment thereof 
to heginn at the Feast of the Annunciacon nest after his said age 
of twelve yeares as a small remembrance of mee and to encourage 
him in learning his Booke And if either the said Edw\ard Hales 
John Hales and Charles Hales my said great grandsonnes die before 
theire said ages of foure and twentie yeares respectively then the 
legacy of him soe dyeing to be paied to the eldest of them then 
living at his age of foure and twentie yeares soe then the survivor 
of them after twelve yeares of age as aforesayd to have fifteene 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 81 

pounds yearlie paid halfe yearlie at the Fcasto of the Annunciacou 
of the blessed Virgin Mary and St. Michael the xlrchangell as afore- 
said for consideracou of the said three hundred poundes vntill 
paiment thei'eof And if twoe of my said great grandsonnes should 
die before theire said ages of foure and twentie yeares then the 
survivor to have twentie pounds yearlie paied liim at the said Feasts 
of the blessed Virgin Mary and St. Michaell the Archaugell as afore- 
said for consideracon of the said foure hundred pounds vntill 
payment thereof And I hope that the said Edward Hales theire 
Father will take care both of the Estate to be left to the said 
Edward Hales his eldest soune w*** improvement thereof and to 
provide convenient portions for the said John Hales and Charles 
Hales his youngest sonnes And what children else it shall please 
God to blesse withall and to bring them vp in the feare of Grod and 
good Litterature which I heartilie wish and much desire And soe 
I pray God blesse them all 

Touching The Disposicon of all my maun°''^ messuages rents 
Tythes lands tenements and hereditaments with the appurtenances 
whatsoever I have First I doe hereby confirme all Estates of any 
mannors messuages rents tythes lands tenements and hereditam'* 
w''i the appurtenances whatsoever by mee formerlie made and 
executed by any Deed or Deeds to or to the vse of my said sonne 
S'" John Hales deceased and to his heires or to his heirs males And 
to or to the vse of the said Edward Hales my said grandsonne and 
Sonne of the said S"" John Hales my sonne deceased vjDon his marryage 
with the said Anne being one of the foure daughters and coheires 
of Thomas Lord "Wotton aforesaid according to the true intent and 
meaning of the said Deed or Deeds respectivelie And whatsoever 
Mannors messuages rents tythes lands tenements and hereditaments 
w*^^ the appurtenances I am now possessed of in lawe or Equitie or 
whereof I have the Eevertion and not formerlie disposed of in a 
legall way I will give and bequeath the sayd Mannors messuages 
rents tythes lands tenements and hereditaments with the appurten'cs 
whatsoever and the revertion and reverc'ons thereof to the said 
Edward Hales my said grandsonne my heire and Executo' and 
Sonne of my said sonne S'' John Hales deceased to be had to him 
during his naturall life And after his decease I will give and 
bequeath the said mannors messuages rents tithes lands tenements 
and hereditaments with the appurtenances wliatsoever And the 
revertion and Revertions thereof to Edward Hales before named 
my great grandsonne and eldest sonne of the said Edward Hales by 
the said Anne his wife and to the heires males of his body And if 
the sayd Edward Hales my great-grandsonne die without heires 
males of his body begotten then I will give and bequeath the said 
mannors messuages rents tythes lands tenements and hereditaments 
with the appurtenances whatsoever And the revercon and revertions 
thereof to the said John Hales my great grandsonne and second 
sonne of the said Edward Hales by the said Anne his wife And to 
the heires males of his body begotten And if the said John Hales 
die without heires males of his bodie then I will give and bequeath 

VOL. XIV. G 



82 BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALKS FAMILY. 

the said inanno"' messuages rents tjtlies lands tenements and 
hereditaments with the api)iirlenances whatsoever And therevertion 
and I'evertions thereof to Charles Hales my greate grandsonne alsoe 
And third sonne of the said Edward Hales by the said Ainie his 
wife and to the hcires males of his Bodie And if the said Charles 
Hales dye without heires males of his body begotten then I will 
give and bequeath the said manors messuages rents tythes lands 
tenements and hereditaments with the appurtenances whatsoever 
And the revertion and revcrtions thereof to the next sonne and 
heire male of the body of the said Edward Hales sonne of S'' John 
Hales my sonne and to his heires males of his body begotten And 
soe if that next sonne die without heires males of his bodie then I 
will give and bequeath the said manners messuages rents tythes 
lands tenements and hereditaments with the ai)purtenances 
whatsoever and the reverc'ou and reverc'ons thereof to every other 
the sonne of the said Edward Hales sonne of S'' John Hales my 
sonne deceased in seniority one after another and to the heires 
males of theire bodies before given to Edward John and Charles 
sonnes of the said Edward Hales son of S^' John Hales my sonne 
And the heires males of theire bodyes begotten and if the said 
Edward Hales sonne of S"^ John Hales my sonne dye without 
any heires males of his body begotten then I will give and be- 
queath the said manno''^ messuages rents tythes lands tenements 
and hereditaments with the appurtenances whatsoever and the 
reverc'on and reverc'ons thereof to the right heires of the 
said Edward Hales sonne of S'' John Hales my sonne and to theire 
heires forever And whereas the sayd Edward Hales sonne of the said 
S' John Hales my sonne was vpou his Father's deathe for lands 
holden in Capite by mee estated upon him at his Marriage and 
other lands discended to him from his Father (which came to him 
from Dame Deborah his grandmother whereof part held in Capite 
or Knight's service) served ward to the late King Charles for 
composicou of which his w^ardshipp I then presentlie paied twoe 
thousand pounds to his then Maiesties vse in the Court of Wards 
and Liveries And then enticed Bond there with sureties (whereof 
my said kinsman John Austen was one) to pay more three thousand 
pounds at my deathe for which three thousand pounds (that I 
might disengage my Sureties in my lifetime) I compounded wth 
the then Masters of the "Wards and Liveries to pay in full 
discharge thereof twoe thousand three hundred pounds which said 
sume of twoe thousand three hundred pounds was paied accordingly 
(the Wardshipp of the said Edward Hales being com'itted to the 
said Dame Christian his Mother my said kinsman John Austen his 
Grodfather and myselfe) And a lease of his Father's said lands 
granted to the said com'ittees during his minoritie at the yearly 
rent of Three score six pounds thirteene shillings foure pence 
And whereas at the death of the said Dame Christian his Mother 
another Lease of her lands (where of parte holden of his then 
Ma^y in Capite) was granted to my sayd kinsman John Austen and 
myselfe the surviving Com'ittees of the Wardshipp of the said 



BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 83 

Edward Hales during his minoritye at the like yearlie rent of three 
score six pounds thirteeue shillings and foure pence which said 
rents I have paied accordingly in the said Court of "Wards and 
Livex'ies vntill and from S' Micliaell the Arch Angell one thousand 
six hundred fortie and five and further vntill the foure and tweutith 
Day of February following 1645 (it being then ordered by the then 
Parlyament that no more rents or payments should be made in the 
said Court of Wards and Liveries after the said foure and tweutith 
day of Februarie 1615) I doe now fully and whollie remitt to 
the sayd Edward Hales his sayd "Wardshipp and all benefitt thereof 
which I might have had towards my reimbursiuge what I have laied 
out and paied for him as aforesaid Item Whereas for the benefitt 
aud advancement of the said Edward Hales sonne of the said S"^ 
John Hales my sonne deceased and out of my love and respect to 
him I have made my selfe tenant onlie for life in the chiefe part of 
my Estate whereby I cannot legallie make any Lease thereof to 
endure longer then my life yett I have taken upon mee to make 
some leases thereof And where I was tenant onlie by courtesie I 
have alsoe made Leases for some yeares yet enduring not for lesse 
rent than formerlie nor to the prejudice of the said Edward Hales 
or his heires or the said Anne his wife I doe hereby therefore 
desire the said Edward Hales and Anne his wife my sonne and 
daughter or grandsonne and granddaughter soe farr to respect mee 
and my actions tending to theire good that such leases by mee 
made as aforesaid may not be questioned or avoided by them or 
either of them if the lessees of the said leases respectivelie shall 
williuglie take new leases for the tearme not expired of them the 
said Edward Hales aud Anne his wife and either of them vpon the 
same tearmes aud condicons being tendred vuto them. Touching 
the lands of the said Dame Deborah my late deare aud loiug wife 
deceased and grandmother of the said Edward Hales my heire and 
Executor sole Daughter and heire of Martin Herlackenden late of 
Woodchurch in the said County of Kent Esq*' by Deborah his wife 
one of the Daughters of Thomas Whetenhall of Peckham in the 
said Countie of Kent Esq'' deceased and afterwards wife of S'^' 
Edward Waterhouse knight deceased And which by reason of the 
alteracon of the nature of G-avelkynd by Act of Parliament for the 
same discended aud came wholly to the sayd S"" John Hales mine 
and her eldest sonne (whoe with my selfe vpon occasion sould part 
thereof lyeiug in the Parishes of Petham Snave and Lydd in Kent 
aforesaid) aud from him discended vnto the said Edward Hales his 
only sonne I never challenged or had further interest in them in 
such part thereof as the said Dame Deborah was possessed of and 
not in joincture or otherwise given by Will for life to the said De- 
borah afterwards the Lady Waterhouse her mother for my life only 
by curtesie neither I doe medle with any disposicon of them other- 
wise then by Lease for short tyme as aforesayd And whereas my 
sonne Samuell Hales did purchase of my Cozen John Hales late of 
Boughton Malherbe near Lenham in the said Countie of Kent 
deceased the Manner of Bowley and Lands in Boughton Malherbe 

G 2 



84 BRIEF NOTES ON THE HALES FAMILY. 

aforesaid niakeing nice ioyiit jmrcliasor with liiiii wlicrehy an E.slat( 
in Liewe of the said jMannoi- and land is vested in nie by survivor- 
sliipp I doe now licreby will give and bequeathe the said Maniioi- 
of Bowley and other lands purchased tlierew"' as aforesaid to the 
said Edward Hales my grandsonne alsoe and sonne of my said 
Sonne Samuell Hales deceased to be had to him and his heires for 
ever in fee simple In witness thereof I the said !S'' Edward Hales 
to this my last Will and Testament consisting of six sheets of 
paper written w"' my owne hand being filed and ioned together at 
the topp with a faire sheet of paper to cover them and sealed there 
with twoe sealcs have subscribed my name to every of the said sheetes 
and sett my scale to the last of them Hated the fifteenth day of 
October in the yeare of our Lord God one thousand six hundred 
fiftie and one 1651 — Edward Hales— Signed sealed published and 
declared by the within named S"' Edward Hales to be his last Will 
and Testament in the presence of — Thomas Dynely — Robert Dixon 
— Robert Younge — Clifton Hilton 

This Will was proved at Westminster the first day of November 
1654 before the Judges for Probate of Wills and granting 
Administrations lawfully authorized by the Oaths of Edward 
Hales the grandsonne and sole Executor of the said deceased to 
w^home the Administrac'on was com'itted of all and singular the 
goods chatles and debts of the said deceased hee being first legally 
sworne faithfully to administer the same. 



( 85 ) 



ON SOME WROUGHT FLINTS EOUND AT 
WEST WICKHAM IN KENT. 

BY GEORGE CLINCH. 

In the year 1863 a small piece of wood-land, con- 
taining a little over two acres, was grubbed up at 
West Wickham in Kent. This land was subsequently 
planted with fruit-trees, but it still bears its old 
name of " Moll Costen."* In the autumn of 1878 
my attention was directed to it in consequence of 
finding a neatly worked flint spear-head. Stimu- 
lated by this discovery, I have made a careful ex- 
amination of the ground, both in Moll Costen and 
also in the adjoining fields. My search has been 
rewarded by the discovery of about three hundred 
worked flints of various kinds, and apparently designed 
for various uses. Many of these flints bear evidence 
to a great deal of labour having been bestowed on 
them in order to render them of a convenient size 
and shape for the purposes to which they were de- 
signed. 

Two polished celts of rather curious shapes were 

* There was a traditional belief among the people of West Wick- 
ham and Foxhill, Keston, that a certain ISloW Costen many years 
ago committed siiicide by hanging upon one of the trees in this little 
wood. This tradition seems to have died out during the last few 
years, but it was well known at about the time when the wood was 
grubbed. — G. C. 



86 



ON SOME WROUGHT FLINTS FOUND AT 



found ; one, made of black flint, 2J inches long (IFig. 
1), has apparently been chipped into form, and after- 



FlG. 1. 




wards carefully rubbed down to an edge I5 inch long, 
and Y2 inch thick. The outline of this edge is the 
segment of a circle, the radius of which is 1| inch. 
This celt weighs nearly 2 ozs., and it is evident that 
it was originally hafted into a horn or wooden socket. 
The other celt (Fig. 2) measures 3| inches, and was 

Fig. 2. 




probably rubbed down to a point, which would make 
the original length about 4f or 5 inches. This point 
has unfortunately been broken off, but much of the 
smoothed surface remains. This celt is formed of 
tough grey flint, and weighs nearly half a pound. I 
have also found three arrow-heads, two of which are 
nearly perfect specimens of the leaf-shaped type, 



WEST WICKHAM IN KENT. 



87 



originally measuring 3 inches (Pig. 3) and 2^ inches 
respectively, and also the lower part of what once 



Pig. 3. 




was a very delicately wrought example of the acutely- 
tapering variety. The last-mentioned and one of 
the former arrow-heads are of black flint, the other of 
yellowish-grey flint. 

The spear -head (Pig. 4), already mentioned, 

Fia. 4. 
.A 






measures in its present condition 3^ inches, hut it has 
been broken at both ends, and probably measured at 
least 5 inches in its complete state. The workman- 
ship is very good, and the surface has been made 



88 



ON SOME WROUGHT FLINTS FOUND AT 



remarkably even and uniform. Anothcn' (lint of con- 
siderable interest I had the good fortune to find in 
1879. This is an example of a class of flints termed 
•'ovoid-flints." My specimen (Fig. 5) is 3 inches 




Fig. 5 





^~%,^-" 



long and 2 inches wide, and is chipped to a thin and 
tolerably regular edge all round. It is worked into 
an oviform shape on both sides with a considerable 
amount of care. 

Upwards of thirty specimens of " thumb-flint," or 
"scrapers," have from time to time been picked up. 
They are of various sizes from 1 inch to 2 inches across, 
and are of as many shapes and varieties of workman- 
ship. Most of them have been greatly damaged by 
the plough-share and the spade, but others, from their 
appearance, do not seem to have been broken recently, 
but indicate that they were worn out and thrown away 
as useless by the men who made or used them. 

The purposes for which they were used may have 
been such as to render them useless after a short time ; 
such, for instance, as the fashioning of wooden bowls 
or plates, or the making of articles of horn, bone, jet, 
or even the softer kinds of stone. They were probably 
used for several other purposes, such as scraping skins 
which were undergoing the process of tanning, and 



WEST WICKHAM IN KENT. 89 

also for scraping or reducing to pulp such roots or 
vegetables as were of any service for food, etc., and 
even for assisting, when such instruments as our 
modern knives and forks were yet unknown, in the 
services of the feast. 

The class of worked flints usually known as 
"flakes" is well represented among the implements 
of West Wickham. Many of them have been wrought 
with great care, one or two specimens in particular, 
which, formed of black flint and beautifully glazed by 
age, present a very similar appearance to implements 
of obsidian. 

I have several " cores " of precisely the same kind 
of flint as the flakes which have been struck from 
them. Besides these, a multitude of other flints have 
been found of less importance, yet all bearing evidence 
of having been "worked." There is good reason to 
think that some of them are flakes spoiled in the 
making, but others which have semicircular indenta- 
tions chipped out of the edge were probably used for 
scraping bone needles, arrow-shafts, fishhooks, etc., 
and others are occasionally found which have been 
chipped to a point, and which would make really good 
substitutes for awls or drills of metal. I have also 
found a quantity of chips of flint, which, from their 
shape and size, might easily have done service as 
minute arrow-heads. 

The following facts deserve to be duly considered 
before passing any judgment upon these remains at 
West Wickham : — 

1. All the worked flints were found in groups of 
from ten to twelve within a radius of about 5 feet. 
May not these spots be the sites of former huts or 
habitations, all other traces of which have perished ? 



90 WROUGHT FLINTS — WEST WICKHAM. 

2. I have found a few small fragments of rude 
partially haked pottery, which in texture and colour 
exactly resemble Celtic ware. 

3. A quantity of pebbles thoroughly reddened by 
fire are scattered about on the surface of the ground, 
and, strange to say, the other stones (with few excep- 
tions) bear no marks of fire or heat whatever. 

In these facts I think we have evidence which, 
though not conclusive, renders it at least very pro- 
bable that domestic habitations at some time existed 
here. The proportion of "scrapers" (which were 
distinctly domestic implements) is too great to allow 
us to think that this was merely a hunting-ground, 
and this fact, togetlier with the occurrence of burnt 
pebbles (probably used for heating water in wooden 
vessels) and pottery, certainly favours the idea that 
this was the site of a village or collection of dwellings 
of some sort. 

I have found worked flints not only in West 
Wickham, but also in the parishes of Hayes and 
Keston, which, together with the supposed British 
pit-dwellings on Hayes Common, seem to render it 
extremely probable that this settlement may have had 
some connection with the British Oppidum in Holwood 
Park, Keston. The discovery of these worked flints 
is of considerable interest to the antiquary, as West 
Kent has not hitherto yielded many relics of this kind. 

The upper chalk is found, not far below the 
surface, at Moll Costen ; and outcrops of chalk occur 
within a quarter of a mile. 



( 91 ) 



APPLEDORE CHURCH. 

BY THE REV. E. M. MURIEL, M.A. 

This Church, dediccated to St. Peter and St. Paul, is situated 
on the south-east side of the village, and stands on a knoll 
of ground. It consists of a nave ; south aisle ; chancel, with 
a chapel on either side ; and a tower at the west end. There 
are four arches between the nave and aisle, supported by 
octagonal pillars, with plain though rather heavy-looking 
capitals, of Perpendicular character. The nave is lighted on 
the north side by four Decorated windows of two lights each — 
all perfect except one, which has lost its tracery and has a 
common wooden frame inserted instead. There are five 
windows in the aisle, three of which are similar to those in the 
nave; the other two are Perpendicular of three lights. The 
east window of the south chapel is also Perpendicular : on 
the south side of this chapel is another window, with a 
wooden frame in the place of its mullions and tracery. In 
the base of this window, under a foliated arch, is an ancient 
altar tomb, the front of which is sculptured with quatre- 
f oil panels ; the top is a slab of Bethersden marble, 7 feet 9 
inches by 3 feet 2 inches, which in all probability sustained a 
sculptured effigy. There are no traces of an inscription nor 
indents of brass. In the spandrels of the foliated arch are 
quatrefoils with heads aj)parently of ecclesiastics ; the 
whole is now thickly covered with whitewash. By the side 
of this tomb is a large trefoil-headed piscina, with very 
narrow stone shelf. 

Leaning against the east wall of the south chapel is an 
altar stone with two of its five crosses visible ; it is broken 
at one end, and measures 5 feet 4 inches by 2 feet 8 inches. 
A Decorated screen separates the chapel from the south 
aisle. The Perpendicular rood screen also remains, and 
the stone corbels which supported the loft, the approach to 
which is still open on the south side. On each side of the 



92 APPLEDORE CHURCH. 

chancel is an arch opening- into the chapels, but there is no 
chancel arch, nor any arch at the west end of either chapel, 
the screen bein<i^ the only mark of division. 

The north chapel is now divided ; the larger and western 
portion has its arch and Decorated screen blocked up, and is 
used for a Sunday-school ; the smaller eastern portion is 
now a vestry, the entrance to which is by a small Perpen- 
dicular door on the north side of the altar. 

The Font is octagonal, with moulded base ; the upper 
half of the bowl is plain, but on the lower half, which is 
splayed, there are three shields ; one is charged with a cross, 
another with two keys in saltier, and the third with two 
swords also in saltier, the symbols of St. Peter and St. Paul, 
to whom the church is dedicated. 

The Tower is very picturesque and much overgrown with 
ivy ; it stands at the west end of the nave, to which it opens 
with a low massive arch, under which on the north side is 
a curious stoup with foliated head. 

The west door is a fine example of the Perpendicular 
style ; the drip-stones terminate with angels holding plain 
shields. Above are three shields, that on the dexter side 
is charged with a cross ; the one in the centre bears the 
arms of Prance and England quarterly, and the other has 
the arms of Archbishop Warham. 

The south side of the bell chamber is pierced with two 
quatref oiled circular windows, and the north side with one, 
and also with a square labelled Perpendicular window. 
Another of the same character as the last is on the west side. 

The dimensions of the various parts of the church are as 
follows : — 

LENGTH. WIDTH. 

ft. in. ft. iu. 

Nave 56 x 44 

Aisle 34 x 15 6 

Chancel 32 x 17 4 

South Chapel 24 x 15 6 

North Chapel (now Vestry) 21 x 15 

Tower 17 9 x 14 9 

There are six bells, but one of them is cracked. Four 



APPLEDORE CHURCH. 93 

of tliem bear, each, the following inscription : — John Hod- 
son made me 1685. John Owen and Henry Richardson, 
Churchwardens . 

The fifth bell is inscribed : — Joseph Hatch fecit me 1620. 

The sixth bell is older ; it bears this prayer : — Sancte 
Nicholas ora pro nobis. 

All the existing" Registers are contained in one book, 
and commence at the same date, viz. 1700, though there 
appears to have been an earlier one dating from 1600 
which is now lost. The following is a copy from the first 
leaf of the present register book : — 

The following particulars relating to the church are copied 
verhatim et literatim from a page in the Register book for 1600. 

In the east window of the great Chancell there is a person painted 
on the glass in a religious habit, on his knees ; out of his mouth 
comes a labell wherof the inscription (remaining this June 9, 1700) 
here follows viz. : — Newnam (? animam) miserere Joliannis JPrideiix ; 
Dovorensis algz (? ahquando) Prioris (this was taken away or lost in 
1701) ; and underneath, Priore' Dovoricce Benefac. 

And on the second window on the north side of the church, there 
are several persons painted, praying to the B. Virgin, every one 
with this labell, ^S'" Maria ora pro nobis. Underneath : — Johannis 
Hoorn. 

The B. Virgin is painted, as the Queen of Heaveu, in a very 
small pannell of glass on the top of this window. 

In the 3rd north window, the name of John "Wolbald is legible ; 
and over the said name a man and woman on their knees. 

The Scotts arms, being three Katherine wheels (but without a 
Bordure), are in the south side window. 

And there seems likewise in the uppermost window of the south 
isle to be some remains of the Empei'or Maximine, in hell, fastened 
to such a wheel as he had put St. Katherine to death upon, and that 
Saint (in all probability) stands above Maximine, in the same 
window. 

In the east window of the South Chancell are some remains of 
the Crucifixion, and the women standing at a distance. 

In the very highest pannel of glass on the top of the uppermost 
window, low in the north Isle, is a little picture of the fictitious St. 
Christopher. 

Philipot, in his Church Notes (now in the British 



91 APPLEDORE CHURCH. 

Museum), gives tlie following particulars respecting this 
cliurcli : — 

[Two shields are tricked by Philipot, one shewing argent a 
pile gules, over all a bar gtdes ; tlie other bears, Avithin a bordure 
argent, paly wavy of six or and gnhs.'\ 

Written in a Avindow under these arms — " W. de Ilortie ct 
Morgareta vxor eics." 

In another window John Home, w^'' y'' same arms, are written 
in y^ same character [black-letter capitals]. Their ancient seat 
was at Homes Place up too y° hill syde Nere to w<=^' is Goosebornc, 
of whose Lords there is mention in j^ north window, w^'' these 
arms viz.: — Sable a fesse or between three geese argent. 

lu another window written : " Jolies et EUzahetha uxor eius.'^ 

In the south window [are two shields one bearing the arms of 
Scott impaling those of Lewknor ; the other bears Peckham impal- 
ing Culpeper]. 

Thomas "Woolball kneelinge in a windovr at y« west end of y" 
church in y° lowest of y'^ north syde. 

In ye Chancell wyndow y^ Prior of S* Martens at Dovor kneelinge 
in ye vestments of his order to w'^'^ Place this Place belonged, being 
a part of there Demeanes and since y® Disolutiou it came w-''^ y« 
rest of ye lands of that house unto y^ Archbishops of Canterbury 
who now are Lords of y^ same. 

The steple of this Church was once A Munition Tower aud by 
Bishop Warham made convenient with a sauve door. 

The only Register Book now left contains, on the first 
leaf, extracts from the old Saxon Chronicles translated 
by Mr. Johnson, Vicar, but as they are given, by Hasted they 
need not be repeated here. 

The following are extracts from the Register of 
Christinings (so spelt). 

1700. Oct. 13. John Souningwell, born in the City Bore, upon 
the Gold Coast in Guinea. Bap. 

1703. July V. John, son of Thomas & Mary Adams, at the 
Hoath, bapf^ in articulo mortis domi. 
(Several others are mentioned in this form.) 

1712. Peb. 8. Peter Woodman, a Clinic, upwards of 30, in ex- 
tremis. 

1715. June 19. Mary daughter of two travellers who call them- 
selves William & Anne Critteor. 



APPLEDOEE CHURCH. 95 

1720. Oct. 21. Thomas Wood, an adult, in ipso articiilo mortis, 

domi, bapizatus. 
Nov. !). Mary "Weller, widow de vita periclitam domi bap'. 
1723. May 29. Five children, Alice, Jane, Thomas, Bichard, and 
Lydia, ivere baptized the same day, toith the 
followincj note appended. 

T*^ Parents, Eicbard & Anne Russell, of y'^ above, adhered for 
some time to a certain sect, called Shakers. Richard Russell the 
father during his Life time would never consent to have them bap- 
tized ; and after his decease y'' wddow was w*"^ great difficulty 
prevailed upon to let them be baptized — a sort of Mongrel Inde- 
pendants. N.B. — Russell, whose Father was a Quaker, was a 
desciple of one Skeats of Tenterden. 

1721. July 3''. Thomas son of Thomas & Elizabeth Boan de vita 

periclitam domi baptizat. This child, sur- 
viving y® Danger, was received into y^ Church 
w^'' due solemnity July 28, 1721. 

1722. Feb. 17. John son of John Day (Glover in the Town) and 

Anne his wife. 
1725. Mar. 25. John son of Thomas & Elizabeth Sharp. IS'.B.— 
This Child was y^ Fruit of Ante-Nuptial 
Fornication being born March 6 about 5 
weeks & 3 days after marriage. 
[Several other cases of this kind occur. One on March 4, 1725, 
of two couple who afterwards performed Public Penance for the 
same in Appledore Church Nov. 28, 1725.] 

No marriage took place in tbe years 1743-1741. 

^uryings. 

1704. May 13. John Grigsby, an ancient Housekeeper, Ana- 
baptist, Bur*^. 

1707. May 14. Richard Fuss, Carpenter, aged 80 years, a very 
vigiorous old man. 

1727. Mar. 22. Thomas Beere, an honest, sober, pious old man who 

lived upwards of thirty years in the Vicar- 
age house. 

1728. April 29. Mr. Francis (son of Mr. Samuel & Jane) Croswell 

a modest, sober & virtuous young Gentleman 
aged 30 y. 10 m. he was buried in the Chan- 
eell. 
1753. Feb. 7. Willian Lunt a Dragoonman. 



96 APPLEDORE CHURCH. 

1753. April 27. Peter Hock, Parisli Clerk, who drop'' down dead 
in the Churcli as He was repeating the Con- 
fession. 
1783. Feb. 2i. William Crust 1 vir et uxor in codem 

Feb. 24. Phoebe Crust J tumulo consepulti. 
1787. Jan. 13. Mary Harman, wife of R'' Harman 75. Eheu ! 
quantum jactura? buic Vico Accidit ejus 
morte ! Per annos viginti et plures munus 
doccndi maxima fidelitate obibat ; et bene, 
omnium testimonio hie habitantium novit 
teneram Uteris imbuere juveutam. 
Hactenus, J. Jefferson Scpeliendi Munus obiit, Ecclesife hujusce 
quatenus Minister. Post hac, aliquantam saltern in Temporis raunere 
fungatur letliali. 

Jos. Natterhouse A.M. e. Coll. B.eg. Oxon. 
[It appears from the Register that Mr. Jefferson quitted the 
Cure of Appledore July 1787, and was succeeded by Mr. Natter- 
house, who lived only till the Dec. following.] 



MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS IN APPLEDORE 
CHURCH. 

0)1 a dark slab in tlie Chancel. 
Here lieth tbe body of Mr. Francis Crosswell son of Mr. 
Samuel and Mrs. Jane Crosswell, who departed this life Aprill 22, 
1728, £etat. 30. 

Mors Janua Vitse. 

Here lieth also tlie body of the aforesaid Mrs. Jane Crosswell, 
who departed this life y^ 28 July, 1732, in the 76 year of her age. 

Samuel Crosswell, son of the Rev. Francis Crosswell, sometime 
Rector of Wittersham, died April y^ 25th, 1742, aged 82. 

Arms. — A fesse .... in chief two mullets ; impaling quarterly, 
1st and 4tli, a chevron between three mullets ; 2nd and 3rd, a 
chevron between three escallops. 

Slab loose against the East Wall. 
Here lyeth ye body of Samuel Crosswell, son of Samuel Cross- 
well, grocer, and Jane his wife, of Appledoor, who departed this 
life 10 August, 1701, aged 9 years and 9 months. 



APPLEDOIIE CHURCH. 97 

Slab loitliin the Altar Rails. 
Here lieth the body of Eobert Combs, wbo was born the second 
day of January, 1635, and died the nineteenth day of March, 1G94-5, 
and buried the 26th day of the same month. 

Slab. 

In memory of Margaret Munk, wife of Jeffery Munk, Gent., 
who died the 14th of March, 1807, aged 81 years. 

Also in memory of Jeffery Munk, Gent., of this parish, who 
died October 14, 1817, in the eighty-sixth year of his age. 

In the North Chapel is a small tablet of dark stone now broken 
and used to stop up a fire-place, with this inscription : — 

Philadelphia, the widow of Samuel Fremoult, and daughter of 
Samuel Crosswell, died April y^ 21st 1754. 



VOL. XIV. ' H 



( 08 



THE CHURCn OP STONE IN OXNEY. 

BY THE UEV. E. M. MURIEL, M.A. 

This Church, dedicated to St. Maiy, consists of nave, north 
and south aisles, chancel, north and south chapels, and a 
square embattled tower of three stages with a beacon turret 
at the west end, from the top of which a fine view of the 
suiTounding country is obtained. The entire church is Per- 
pendicular. The best feature internally is the colonnade on 
each side of the nave, consisting of three good arches, sup- 
ported on pillars, which are graceful and lofty. The Tudor 
arch between each chapel and the chancel is very flat ; 
under that on the north side, are the remains of a late 
Perpendicular screen ; and in the windows of the same 
chapel we may observe specimens of canojDy-work in the 
painted glass, rather spoilt by the insertion of some pieces 
of modern glass. The south chapel is the oldest part of the 
church ; in the south-west corner of it are the stone steps, 
now blocked up, which led to the rood-loft. There are 
some remains of painted glass in the east window of this 
chapel, one diaper is left, and other portions which probably 
were on the outside of a figure with flowing robes. In this 
chajjel's south wall, under a niche, is a projecting bowl like 
a plain piscina, but some doubt whether it had any orifice 
for a drain. The chancel itself and the pillars supj)orting 
it are very massive ; and above the arch are two large niches, 
which I at first thought had contained statues in connection 
with the rood-loft ; but when the chancel roof was raised, 
under the direction of Mr. Christian, at the expense of 
the Dean and Chapter of Canterbury, it was found that they 
were only plain windows. The font is octagonal and quite 
plain. Under the tower arch is a screen of balustraded work, 
vdth the following initials and date carved on the front : — 

WP IS CWS 1705. 



THE CHURCH OP STONE IN OXNEY. 99 

The whole of the church has been recently restored 
Tinder the immediate superintendence and greatly to the 
credit of the Eev. H. P. Edridge, the Yicar, who personally 
assisted in the work, carefully restoring each part according* 
to the original design. 

The earliest register is that of burials ; it is complete 
from 1567 to the present time 5 that of baptisms begins in 
1573. No marriage took place during the years 1714 to 
1717. 

I wiU mention a few of the entries made in the Registers, 
or facts derived therefrom : 

1625 George Harnett, householder, excommunicate. 
1628 Mary, wife of Thos. Fowler, excommunicate. 
1630 Margery Harper, excommunicate. 
-1635 John Tomas, excommunicate. 
1638 An Irish travelling man, whose name we cannot learn. 

1658 Buried Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Swift, with her 

unchristened child in the same coffin. 

1659 May 11 Henry Wood, young man. 
May 21 Henry Wood, old man. 

North-east of the south door there is a stone, poiDularly 
supposed to be that on which persons stood to do penance, 
but I differ from the general opinion. Walcott, in his Sacred 
Archceology, says, " The penitents, in haircloth and ashes, 
stood before the ambon, and from it the Bishop laid hands 
upon them, after being entreated by his clergy in set forms 
of address." Now the ambon was an elevated desk or pulpit 
used for reading the Holy Scriptures, placed in the centre 
of the nave, either in the middle or on one side ; the 
ambon was in fact the orio-inal from which the lectern eao-le 
was derived. I think that this stone was the pedestal of the 
poor-box (ordered by Edward VI) ; or, earlier, of a holy 
water stoup. 

A list of those who did penance here is given in the 
Register : 

George Holden did penance 20 July 1620. 
Dorothy Venell „ „ 18 Sep. 1622. 
Margery Harper „ „ 1627. 

H 2 



100 THE CHURCH OF STONE IN OXNET. 

Thomas — and Lydia his wife did penance 21 June 1C34. 
John Tomas „ „ M- Doc. 1G34. 

Thomas Young & Am}' his wife „ „ 10 Jiine 103G. 
John Nunnington & Margeret his wife „ 19 June 1G36. 

I may mention that the two latest instances of public 
penances in England occurred at Bristol in 1812, and 
Ditton, Cambridgeshire, in 1849. 

" Oliver Fidge and three others, of Wittersham Oxney, 
weare drowned Oct. 21, 1633, in the watry marishes betweene 
Peasmarsh and "Wittersham ; Knell dam breaking, and the 
waters overflowing all the marishes very deepe, even to the 
channel. 

"Testis Thos. Martin tunc Vic. de Stone, cum multis aliis." 

"Mem.: That on June 10, 1720, at an Archiepiscopal 
Visitation, then holden at Ashford by the most Eev. Father 
in God, Dr. W. Wake, Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, sixty- 
four persons and upwards, inhabitants of this Parish, were 
confirmed by the Rev. Father in God, Dr. Wjmn, Lord 
Bishop of St. Asaph ; the Eev. Culpeper Savage, Vicar; and 
the same year the treble bell was new cast." 

" Mem. : That the gallery at the west end of the Church 
was erected by the unanimous consent and at the charge of 
the Parish, in the year of our Lord 1721,^ 

" Robert Beale and Richard Emery, Ch. V/ardens." 

" The week before Aistor (Easter), 1699, Stone Church was 
robbed of a good new surplice, and a good new Communion 
purple table cloth, and ye silver cup and cover, also ye linnen 
table cloth and napkin." This was pi'obably one of the 
weightiest chalices in the county, weighing over thirtj^-one 
ounces ; one larger is mentioned in the Inventory of 
Church Goodsjt at Holy Cross, Canterbury, which weighed 
thirty-four ounces and three-quarters. In Archceologia Can- 
tiana, XI, p. 415, an inventory of the parish church goods 
of Stone mentions that there were five bells in the steeple, 

* Now pulled down. 

f Inventories of Parish Goods in Kent, 1552. A very interesting 
Paper, by Canon Scott Robertson, in Vol. Vlll, p. 88, of Archceologia 
Cantiana. 



THE CHURCH OF STONE IN OXNEY. 101 

and one over the cliancel. That may account for the hole 
which we observe in the beam over the chancel arch, through 
which the rope for ringing the sanctus bell probably 
passed. There are six bells in the present peal ; the second 
bell is thus inscribed, " Vox Agtisiini sonet in aure Dei." The 
others were cast by W. and P. Mears, in 1786, 1787 (two), 
1788, and 1795. 

It appears that many of the churches in this neighbour- 
hood were destroyed, or injured by fire. The Vicar of 
Stone informs me that when this church was restored, in 
laying down the chancel pavement, pieces of molten lead 
were found, affording proof that this church also suffered 
from fire about the seventeenth century. Pieces of the 
molten lead are still preserved. 

The Roman altar, which is in the vicarage garden, was 
removed from the church and made a horse block, by which 
means it was much defaced and cracked asunder ; but Mr. 
GostHng, who was Vicar from 1753 to 1777, had it repaired 
and placed it upright in the vicarage garden. The altar is 
of stone, with a basin hollowed in the top, and the figure of 
an ox carved on the four sides ; one side is now tolerably 
perfect, the others are much defaced. The iron ring at the 
foot of the altar is supposed to have been used for securing 
thereto the victims for sacrifice. 



MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS IN THE CHURCH OF 
STONE IN OXNEY. 

A Monument in the North Chapel against the East Wall has this 

inscription : — 

In Memoiy of John CoojDer late of this Parish who died 10 Dec. 
1790. aged 56 years, also o£ Ami bis wife who died 11 May 1771 
aged 31 years, likewise of Hannah his second wife who died 6 Sept. 
1791 aged 44 years. This monument was erected as a tribute of 
respect by his three nephews. 

On a flat stone. 
Here lyeth the body of Mr. Stephen Tighe son of Mr. Robert 
Tighe of this parish who departed this life Jan. 7, 1733, in the 50 
year of his age, who left issue one daughter. 



102 THE CnURCH OF STONE IN OXNEY. 

On n large hhte shih. 

Here lies the body of Sarah dauf^litcr of Stephen Tighc Gent, 
and Martlia Ijis wife. She married George Carter of Iveunington 
Esq., by whom she had issue G children of which 4 survived her, 
Sarah, Martha, Ann, and George. She died Jan. 30, 17G5, aged 
41 years. Also the body of George Carter Esq., who died 27 Feb. 
1782 aged G8 years. 

Small marhJe slab hij the side of ill c last. 
William Son of George and Sarah Carter died the 3 day of 
October 1748 aged 18 mouths. 

On a blue slab. 
Here lieth interred y^ Body of Mr. John Waters, He died Jan. 
17, 1838, aged 36 years. 

On a bine slab. 
Here lyeth the body of the wife of John Hall, once Mary 
Odiarne, deceased the 4 day of December in the year of our Lord 
1677. 

[^This is in capitals, and there is a dot after every icord.'] 



DIMENSIONS OE STONE CHUECH. 

(^Communicated by the Rev. H. P. Edridye.^ 

Tower, 14 feet square ; 62 feet high. 
Nave, with its Aisles, 40 feet square. 
Width of Nave, 20 feet. 

„ of each Aisle, 10 feet. 
Chancel, 30 feet long ; 20 feet wide. 
Chancel chapels, each, 20 feet long, 13 feet wide. 
Porch, 11 feet by 10 feet. 

Mr. Edridge states that in the north and south walls of the 
chancel there are traces of mural arcades formerly existing. 




i^^^l^^Stes^Jii^ 



STUKLEVS VIEW OFTHE SITE & RUINS OFSTPANCRAS (SOurH SIDE) 
IN A. D. 1722. 

(mZL^TTERS C;D,E, F, ARE BXPLAINLO UPON THE PLAN J 




RUINS OF ST PANCRA8 IN A. D. 1784. 

(south side I 



"Whiteman S(BAS5.Ph.o-tD'-Zit:ho, Londo: 



( 103 ) 



EOMAN FOUNDATIONS AT ST. PANGEAS, 
CANTERBURY. 

BY THE REV. CANON C. F. ROTJTLEDGE. 

The accidental re-interment in this spot of some bones dug 
up under tlie Kent and Canterbury Hospital led to the 
finding of a few coloured tiles ; and further search, prose- 
cuted without any preconceived plan, has resulted in what 
bids fair to be an interesting archaeological discovery. 

The only authentic traditions with regard to St. Pan eras 
Church, which I have been able to meet with after an 
investigation of the early chroniclers, are fitly summed up 
in the following passage of Thorn, a Benedictine monk of 
St. Augustine's at the end of the fourteenth century : " There 
was not far from the city (of Canterbui-y) towards the east, 
as it were midway between the church of St. Martin and 
the walls of the city, a temple or idol-house where King 
Ethelbert according to the rites of his tribe was wont to 
pray, and with his nobles to sacrifice to his demons and not 
to God : which temple Augustine purged from the pollutions 
and filth of the Gentiles ; and, having broken the image 
which was in it, changed it into a church, and dedicated it 
in the name of the martyr St. Pancras — and this was the 
first church dedicated by St. Augustine." 

The x^assage which immediately follows I will quote here- 
after. 

Before advancing any theory about the remains that 
have been discovered, I will say at once that we have been 
able to trace them only partially, as the owner of the ground 
on the other side of the wall has declined to allow any 
diggings to be carried out there. 

Let me then give a brief account of the excavations, 
beginning at what I will call (for clearness' sake) the 



104 ROMAN FOUNDATIONS AT 

western porch. There are still standing (as you may see) 
portions of a Avail bnilt Avitli Roman tiles and sea-shore 
moi-tar, considered by Mr. Parker and many others to be a 
veritable Romano-British wall, with apparent traces of the 
spring of an arch at right angles to it. 

This wall is about 9 feet long, and 8 feet high above 
ground, with buttresses of 16 and 18 inches. We have 
uncovered the foundations of a wall and buttresses exactly 
corresponding on the other side — forming a porch 10 ft. 6 in. 
long, and Oft. Sin. wide, with an opening at the west end 
of 6 ft. 6 in. 

Below the surface, at an average depth of 14 inches, 
there are parts of a pavement consisting of coloured and 
patterned tiles. These tiles are mostly of the date of the 
latter end of the fourteenth or beginning of the fifteenth 
century. They have been found in all parts of the building, 
and some of the earlier ones apparently formed the pave- 
ment of that church, of Avhich the east window-arch and the 
chancel's south wall are still remaining. 

At a depth of about 15 inches below this pavement, on 
the north side of the porch, as well as on the south side and 
at the western entrance, there are some rather remarkable 
tombs, in one of which was a perfect skeleton, in the others 
fragmentary bones. The body in each case has been laid on 
the bare earth, then built round with stones accurately 
following its shape, and covered with large chamfered slabs 
of what looks like Portland oolite, somewhat similar in 
character to the so-called sarcophagus of Queen Bertha in 
St. Martin's. 

On the eastern side of the porch is a doorway, 2 ft. 8 in. 
wide, of Norman workmanship, splayed internally, and 
leading into the nave of the church. 

The wall trends southward for a distance of 12 feet from 
this doorway ; then eastward, till at a little over 1 6 feet from 
the turn we come to a slab of Bethersden marble and some 
fifteenth century work, forming part of a doorway leading 
into the southern chapel, chantry, or aisle (which I will 
describe hereafter) ; then on for 24 feet, till we have reached 
the end of the nave, where we find a lateral buttress 



GarAavleLonging to MTHorne. 



ST PANCRAS 




^ pp w w ^' 



ST. PANCRAS, CANTERBURY. 105 

extending 3 ft. 5 in. to the south, and a mediaeval wall or 
buttress reaching- 6 ft. 9 in. to the east. Here also imbedded 
in the wall is a massive circular Eoman pillar, at the foot of 
which -has been found the upper portion of an apparently 
Eoman phial. 

The foundations of the old chancel wall (on which that 
of the later church has not been evenly and symmetrically 
placed) start 10 inches farther in than those of the nave 
wall, and can be traced for 12 or 13 feet more till we detect 
something- like the commencement of an apse ; but at this 
interesting point we are warned off by the owner of the 
adjacent ground. 

We will now return to the southern chantry or aisle, 
which is of identically the same size as the western 
porch. 

Thorn goes on to say, after the passage I have already 
quoted, " There is still extant an altar in the southern 
porticus of the same church, at which the same Augustine 
was wont to celebrate, where formerly had stood the idol of 
the king — at which altar, while Augustine was celebrating 
mass for the first time, the devil, seeing himself driven out 
from the home which he had inhabited for long ages, tried 
to overturn from the foundations the aforesaid church : the 
marks of which thing- are still apparent on the exterior 
eastern wall of the abovementioned jyorticus.^' 

In an engraving, bearing the date 1784, the so-called 
devil's marks are shewn ; and I have little or no doubt that 
the porticus mentioned by Thorn is the same which we have 
excavated. We cannot call it 2i porch, as there are no traces 
of an external door. 

Now the walls of this porticus are built chiefly of Roman 
tiles, coated in the lower part with a facing of concrete, and 
in the upper parts with thick plaster. In it are the remains 
of a rude altar, with the pavement of fifteenth century tiles 
complete on either side: the altar, 4 ft. 4 in. by 2 ft. 2 in. in 
size, of an uncertain date, possibly contemporary with the 
pavement, but built on older foundations. In addition to 
the later fifteenth century doorway on the northern side, 
there are close to it distinct traces of an earlier entrance 



106 ROMAN FOUNDATIONS AT 

(most likely of the pre-Norman period), 3 ft. 3 in. wide, and 
3 ft. from either end ; the jambs not si^layed but running 
straight through at right angles to the walls. Among the 
debris in this porticus were found several pieces of glass and 
of fused bronze, and portions of a door and late Tudor win- 
dow ; and, deeper down, two or three fragments of Roman 
pottery. Under a close layer of brick earth, seven or eight 
inches below the tile pavement, is a floor of concrete, shew- 
ing in jDarts marks of fire. This concrete floor seems to/ 
extend beneath the present altar, and is also traceable in 
adjacent portions of the nave, and again at the approach to 
the chancel, where we discover something like steps. I need 
only add that the floor of the porticus was originally on the 
same level as that of the rest of the nave, but was raised 
one step above it when the later church was built. 

Everywhere throughout the excavations are evident 
traces of burnt earth and other calcined substances. 

It is to be borne in mind that the foundation-walls 
throughout (being twenty inches wide) are composed of 
Roman tiles bound together in some places by salmon- 
coloured mortar, in others by mortar made from sea-shells 
and pebbles, and even later material. 

These are the facts and the data. What conclusion then 
are we to draw ? That there was on this spot some early 
Roman building, whether of a secular or religious character, 
is indisputable. There is a vague tradition that there was 
once here a Romano-British church, and this having fallen 
into decay may have been partially restored and used by 
Ethelbert for a heathen temple. We have Thorn's story, 
written 500 years ago, and it is of course possible that he 
had consulted earlier records. It seems to me incredible 
that he should have written as he has done if the first 
church on that spot had been of Norman work, built only 
some 200 or 300 years before his own time; for he was 
a monk of St. Augustine's, and had free access to their 
chronicles. His testimony therefore (though not to be im- 
plicitly received) must, I think, be entitled to some weight. 

But we must chiefly rely on the excavations themselves. 
The Roman tiles are pronounced to be of a good time, and 



ST. PANGEAS, CANTERBURY. 107 

Mr. Roach Smitli says, " There can be no doubt of the foun- 
dations being- those of a rather extensive Roman building — 
upon which the later edifices were built." 

The concrete floor found at different parts of the nave 
and in the southern porticus is apparently Roman or Saxon ; 
the lower portion of the walls of the same porticus are also 
faced with early concrete regularly and evenly laid. The 
fact of the existing chancel-wall being placed on an interior 
Kne ten inches within the foundation of Roman tile seems 
to me' so extraordinary that it has been suggested that the 
foundations are at this point of double thickness : in which 
case the existing wall would have been placed in the middle 
of them ; and thus the foundations of the chancel would form 
part of the very oldest building. 

Prudence would here bid me stop; but, not being an 
expert, I may be suffered to hazard some conjectures, subject 
to correction from the opinions of cleverer men, and to 
evidence that may be derived from further excavations. 

I would picture to myself a small Roman church, possibly 
with other buildings adjacent. These would fall into par- 
tial ruin after the evacuation of Britain. One portion of 
these ruins (perhaps the southern porticus) might be restored 
by Ethelbert as a heathen temple, which St. Augustine would 
purify from pollution and consecrate to Christian worship. 
He would also take in the remaining site of the destroyed 
Roman church, using the original materials, and re-erect a 
building there to provide for his numerous converts. The 
actual foundation-walls, as well as the existing wall above- 
ground of Roman tiles, would (from this point of view) date 
from Saxon times ; and I suggest this date because of the 
sea-shore mortar with which the wall is built, and which 
appears to me most probably post-Roman. Following the 
fortunes of this Roman-Saxon church, we can easily fancy 
it (like St. Martin's) ravaged by the Danes ; then restored by 
the Normans, who would after their manner introduce their 
own doorways ; till in its turn it would fall into decay, and 
be superseded by the early English church, of which some 
ruins still remain ; and the flooring, as it wore out, would 
gradually be replaced by later tiles. 



( 108 ) 



ST. MARTIN'S CHURCH, CANTERBURY. 

Bl' THE REV. CANON C. F. HOUTLEDGE. 

The well-known sentence of Bajda, " There was near the 
city, towards the east, a church built of old in honour of 
St. Martin while the Romans inhabited Britain," repeated 
with variations by many after- chroniclers, is the first authen- 
tic record of this venerable church. It forms a prelude to 
an enumeration of historical incidents which time now for- 
bids me to dwell upon, though among various conjectures 
which I may put forward it would be some satisfaction to 
rest on the undoubted fact, that this very spot was trodden 
by the feet of Bertha, sanctified by the masses and preaching 
of St. Augustine, and (in all probability) witnessed the 
baptism of Ethelbert, King of Kent. 

Not myself a professed archaeologist, but imbued with a 
deep love and reverence for every stone of this building, I 
would invite, by a brief summary of its architecture and 
probable history, your careful opinion and discussion on 
points which do not seem to have ever yet received due 
attention from this or any other Society. 

The original church, allowed to fall into partial ruin after 
the Roman evacuation of Britain, was probably restored 
towards the end of the sixth century, to serve as an oratory 
for Queen Bertha and her attendant Bishop Leotard or 
Liudhard, and re-dedicated to St. Martin of Tours. And 
portions of this building are, I would fain think, existing 
even in the present day. 

It is evident at the most cursory glance that the church has 
suffered from frequent partial destructions and restorations. 
Windows put in at uneven levels, doorways and porches 
stopped up here and there, and the irregularity and incon- 
gruity of the masonry, all testify to its varied fortunes. 
There is a perfect mine of wealth for the geologist to be 




-.Tt.^^^^^^ ' 



I;r.ui:it(jT'.iro ct Aaincif.siiuo Join Harcl^ dut ^ottmgliaui. 

'lii/n/Lu.'l Jiu/ic n-ivC l/~ iStid/a/ 



'^bd/a/ 

ST MARTIN'S CHURCH, CANTERBURY, (JOwrHJ/DE) 
I N A.D. 1722 




(north side in a 0. I7SI.) 



TWbiteman*Bas3,-?l<ioft-2io'«,Lt)iido 



ST. martin's church, canterbury. 109 

found in its walls, as samples of whicli I would point to 
Roman tiles, travertine, tertiary sandstone, Kentish ra^, 
Purbeck, red and green sandstone, Caen stone, flint, and 
doubtless many others. 

It is very likely that the Romano- Saxon building suffered 
from the fierce and general ravages of the Danes. It still 
however maintained sufficient reputation to have given a 
title to suffragan bishops for a period of 350 years according 
to one tradition (at any rate for fifty years), till they finally 
became merged, in the time of Lanfranc, into Archdeacons 
of Canterbur}^ 

The interior of the church assumed its present general 
shape at the end of the twelfth or the beginning of the 
thirteenth centurj^, though alterations and additions have 
been made in several succeeding generatio2is. 

Of the building as it now stands we may roughly assign 
the different portions to the following periods : — 

(1) Roman. — General prevalence of tiles, some of them 
almost undoubtedly in situ in parts of the chancel wall. 

(2) Saxon or Pre-Norman. — The font ; the priest's door 
(six feet high) on south of chancel ; traces of another door 
S.E. of nave, which from measurement I have discovered to 
be necessaril}' anterior to the Norman piscina ; and large 
portions of wall masonry of a chequy pattern, i.e. square 
stones with large interstices of sea- shore mortar. 

(3) Norman. — Probably the buttresses ; and a piscina 
(measuring twenty inches by twelve), said to be the earliest 
and most complete existing in England, with two holes above 
it for the supports of the canopy. 

(4) Early English. — Chancel arch, roof of nave, and 
blocked porch or door S.W. of the church. 

(5) Fourteenth Century, Decorated. — The tower ; and the 
single-light windows of the nave. 

(6) Beginning of Fifteenth Century. — The window over the 
font, which is clearly half of a former two-light window. 

(7) End of Fifteenth Century. — The aumbry. 

There are a few objects deserving somewhat longer expla- 
nation. 

(a) The early Roman church probably occupied the site 



110 ST. martin's church, canterbury. 

only of the present cliancel. It appears to me that we can 
distinctly trace the point at which the old wall ended and 
the apse began. 

{b) I would call special attention to the convex buttress 
on the south side of the nave. It is very peculiar. It can- 
not have been a staircase in later times, as there seems to be 
no reason whatever for a staircase at that particular place in 
a building of the same size as the present. It is not unlike 
circular projections in the Saxon towers of Sompting and 
Brixworth. 

There is probably little foundation for the conjecture that 
the old church might have ended somewhere near this point, 
and then the buttress might have had something to do with 
the support of the western front, or have been a staircase up 
to the old belfry. 

(c) What some have called the " Leper's Window " on 
the S.W. of the chancel. Is it a window or a door? If a 
window, is it in situ ? or has it been moved there from some 
other part of the church ? It is, in my opinion, a door 
occupying the place of (if not itself actually) the entrance to 
the early Roman building. Its component materials argue 
great antiquity. 

{d) Last, and most interesting of all, is the font, which 
is almost irnique, being built up of various stones in different 
tiers. It is circular or tnb-shaped, about two feet six inches 
high, and consists of a rim, three tiers, and a modern base. 
The three tiers are made up of some twenty-four distinct 
stones rounded externally and fitted in their place. The lower 
tier is embellished with a continuous pattern of scroll- 
work ; the second with groups of circles intertwining with 
one another (what Hasted calls a kind of hieroglyphical true- 
lovers'-knot), with the exception of one stone which has 
carved on it six comparatively plain circles ; the third tier 
is of a completely different character, exhibiting arches inter- 
secting one another. At the top is a rim, the ornamenta- 
tion of which corresponds with that of the two lower tiers, 
except one pa.rt on which there is a kind of dogtooth-work, 
like stars cut in half. It has been suggested, with great 
probability, that the outer half of the upper rim's thickness 



^^ 



y^Z-^T^^ 



^^^^^^K^^^-|^^. 




l-_ 



^ -'^i^M)li>,/l^ 







ST. maetin's chuech, cantekburt. Ill 

was cut away to form a ledge, on which a tall cover might 
firmly rest. 

The controversy as to the date of this interesting relic is 
too prolonged to be entered into on the present occasion. 
The character of the carving naturally suggests at first that 
it is of the later Norman period. But it does not necessarily 
follow that the carving is contemporary with the structure of 
the font ; the fact of it being chiselled in a sketchy manner 
would suggest that it is not. I cannot but think that what 
1 may call the composition of the font {i.e. its being built of 
various stones, laid in an irregular manner) is inconsistent 
with its alleged Norman date. And it is more than probable 
that the whole font is Saxon, chiselled out into the present 
patterns during the eleventh century ; nor is it absolutely 
impossible that it is .the very font in which Ethelbert, King of 
Kent, was baptized. 

Finally, among the miscellanea, I may mention that the 
length of the present chancel is about the same as that of 
the nave, i.e. about forty-two feet. 

The only monument of any interest in the church is that 
of Sir John Finch, who was Baron of Fordwich, Chancellor 
of Queen Henrietta Maria, Speaker of the House of Commons, 
and Keeper of the Great Seal. 

In the pavement close to the altar-rails is a small white 
cross of a curious character, about eighteen inches long and 
two inches wide. The lower half of it corresponds with an 
illustration that appears in Hasted. 

Of brasses there is one of the beginning of the sixteenth 
century in the middle of the passage up the nave, inscribed 
with the name of Stephen Falkes and Alys his wife. There 
is also the effigy of Thomas Stoughton, of the date 1591, in 
the chancel ; and another of Michael Fraunces and Jane his 
wife, who died in 1687. 

The bells are three in number. One has no inscription ; 
the second bears the date 1641 ; and on the third, in old English 
characters, is, " Sancta Caterina, ora pro nobis." 

The registers begin from the year 1662; they contain no 
entries of interest. 

Some Saxon beads have been found in the churchyard, as 



112 ST. martin's church, CANTERBURY. 

well as a gold mccliil, enfrravccl with tlie name of Bishop 
Liudhard, and now deposited in the British Musenra. 

A ehrisniatory, or amjniUa, for holding the consecrated 
oil, Avas found on the wall-f»late, at the last restoration, 
about forty years ago. It is probably of the fourteenth 
century. 

The so-called tomb of Queen Bertha is interesting. It 
can hardly be an Easter tomb, as it is not within the altar- 
rails. The chamfered slab, covering the sarcoi)liagus, is 
formed of (perhaps) Portland oolite, a stone certainly rare 
in Canterbury. It must (if a coffin), from its position in the 
church, have covered the remains of some distinguished 
person. 

Let me say, in conclusion, that every detail (which want 
of time has compelled me to sketch thus baldly and briefly) 
is worthy of consideration and reverence, as connected with a 
church where the functions of religion were " irradiated (in 
the words of an old chronicler) by the apostolic life and 
doctrine of St. Augustine, and by an abundance of miracles"; 
the " Mother-church of England," as it is called by the late 
Dean Stanley, who loved it well, who illustrated its history 
by a graphic picturesqueness of detail, and whose name and 
memory will never be forgotten by all worshijDpers at St. 
Martin's who take to heart his lessons, and to whom " the 
view from this hillside is still one of the most inspiriting 
that can be found in the world." 



( 113 ) 



ICKHAM CHURCH, ITS MONUMENTS AND 
ITS RECTORS. 

BY W. A. SCOTT ROBERTSON. 

This cruciform clmrcli (with a western tower) is dedicated 
to St. Jolin the Evangelist, and seems to have been founded 
during the Norman period. Its aisles were added towards 
the close of the twelfth century; the chancel assumed its 
present form during the thirteenth century ; and chantries 
were founded in its transepts late in the fourteenth century, 
when the well-sculptured effigies of a knight and of a priest 
were deposited in the south and north transepts respectively. 
It is remarkable that so handsome a church, only five miles 
from Canterbury, was overlooked by Sir Stephen Glynne ; 
merely mentioned, without any description, by the Rev. A. 
Hussey ; and passed without any notice by the Rev. Philip 
Parsons, in his Monuments in One Hundred Churches of East 
Kent, 1 794. Murray's Handbook of Kent also omits to mention 
Ickham. 

The Tower and Bells. 
A church existed here in a.d. 1086, when the Domesday 
survey was taken ; but of Norman architecture the western 
doorway of the tower is the only discernible relic ; and it can 
scarcely be considered to be of earlier date than the twelfth 
century. It has small angle shafts, and its arch is carved 
with an embattled moulding, surmounted by the billet. The 
tower itself seems to have been reconstructed (when aisles 
were added to the nave) about the end of the twelfth century. 
It has neither stair-turret nor buttresses ; its windows are of 
lancet shape, and its eastern arch is pointed. The clock 
and the shingled spire, which cost £534, were added in 1870, 
at the expense of Mr. S. Musgrave Hilton, of Bramling. 
Sixty years ago, there was a very small spire on the tower ; 

VOL. XIV. I 



114 ICKUAM CHURCH, 

but in 1825, being in a dangerous state, it was pulled down; 
and the top of the tower was embattled, and roofed with 
lead. The cost of this, amounting to :tl65, was defrayed 
by a church rate of Is. Cd. in the pound. At Archbishop 
Warham's visitation, held in 1511, it was "presented" that 
the body of this church and the bells needed repair. Pro- 
bably the bells were not thoroughly repaired until one hun- 
dred and thirty years later. The four bells which now hang 
in the tower were all cast in 1641, by John Palmer of Can- 
terbury ; when the churchwardens were John Fayerman and 
Michael Trapps. Their names ajDpear upon -each bell ; and 
upon the largest there is also this ejaculatory prayer : 
" Lord : Jeus : Christ : re : seve : each : sol : for : home : 

THIS : BELL : SHAL : TOL :" 

The Nave. 

The nave is separated from its aisles by arcades of four 
bays each, unequally spaced. No columns were introduced ; 
but portions of the original outer walls were left, as piers, to 
support the pointed arches which were pierced through them. 
The character of these piers, and of the unequally spaced 
arches, proves that these aisles were added late in the twelfth 
century. One of the arches, on the north side, is nearly or 
quite a semicircle, and its edge is formed into a small round 
moulding. The angles of the piers of the southern arcade 
seem to have been chamfered at a much later period ; as the 
chamfer-stop used upon them is of a pattern known as the 
small "Perpendicular dagger," which did not come into 
general use until the fifteenth century. The arches by 
which the transepts open to the nave are similar to those in 
the nave arcades. Probably the transepts were not added 
until late in the fourteenth century, and the nave aisles were 
originally of five bays each, when there were no transepts. 

Much has been done in the nave during the jDresent 
century. A gallery was built in 1841, when the pewing of 
the two -transepts was rearranged. Extensive repairs were 
carried out in 1845-6, under the superintendence of Mr. 
Marshall, an architect in Canterbury, at a cost of £1167. 
One of the churchwardens defrdiyed three-fourths of that 



ITS MONUMENTS AND ITS RECTORS. 115 

expense. A new font was given by Mrs. Howlej, the Arch- 
bishojj's wife ; and Mr. George Gipps substituted a raised 
platform with seats for children, singers, and others, instead 
of the western gallery, in 1846. The new pulpit (designed 
by -Mr. Blomfield, architect), and the handsome new eagle 
lectern, of brass, were presented to the church by Mr. S. 
Musgrave Hilton at a cost of £150, in 1875. 

The High Chancel. 

The lofty and spacious chancel has, in its east wall, a 
triplet of noble lancets ; united by a small continuous hood 
moulding. Of the five windows which pierce each of its 
side walls, the westernmost, on either side, is of two lancet 
lights, surmounted by a simple quatrefoil. All the others 
are plain lancets, somewhat broad. Beneath the whole of 
these, both on the exterior and on the interior, runs a con- 
tinuous stringcourse, which entirely embraces the chancel 
walls. It makes two rectangular descents in its course from 
east to west ; a slight one, beneath the first lancet from the 
east ; and a deeper descent, beneath the two-light western- 
most window in each wall. The interior string-course has a 
deeply cut hollow, surmounted by a bold circular moulding. 
The exterior string has three flat surfaces, the face is ver- 
tical, and from it the other sides slope, (one upward, and the 
other downward,) to meet the wall. 

The piscina in the south wall has two basins, beneath a 
well-moulded and boldly trefoiled arch, which sprang from 
circular detached shafts, but they are gone. The priest's 
door, in the middle of the south wall, opens beneath the 
stringcourse and is of simple character. The roof, ceiled 
between the rafters, has been very recently opened by the 
rector, the Rev. E. Gilder, who caused the ceiling to be 
removed ; it had been similar to that now in the nave. 
Remnants of two stali-elbows, now used to support seats, 
shew that in the fifteenth century this chancel was fitted 
with stalls. They were eighteen in number ; and they re- 
mained here until the beginning of the last century, but 
they had disappeared before 1759. In the chancel floor is 
a tombstone, long ago robbed of its brass, commemorating 

I 2 



IIG 



ICKHAM CHURCH, 



a rector named Martin de Hampton.* He was instituted to 
this benefice in Januury 1285 (modern style), and was inducted 
to it by Richard, Eector of Adisham (Archbishop Peckham's 
Register, folio 30"). He was a canon and prebendary of 
Wiuj^^ham ; and he died in November 1306. A graceful flo- 
riated cross, in brass, adorned this stone. The inscription, 
in Lombardic capitals, can still be deciphered. 

Two other rectors were probably commemorated by 
slabs yet remaining, which bear each the matrix of a brass 
that represented the small effigy of a priest. They appear 
to belong to the fifteenth century. 

Another large slab commemorates Sir Richard Head, 
Baronet, who died in 1721, at the early age of twenty-seven. 
It likewise mentions his brothers George and Henry, and his 
sisters Sarah and Margaret, who lie beside him.f Beneath 
this stone there is a large vault about thirteen feet long, and 
nine feet wide, which contains at least eighteen coffins. 
When it was opened in July 1767, for the burial of the Rev. 
Dr. Geekie,J sixteen coffins were already there; his brother- 
in-law Archdeacon Sir John Head was interred in it two 
years later. Sir Richard Head, whose family sprung from 
the city of Rochester, § was the elder brother of Sir Francis 

* Orate pro anima Martini de Hamptona quondam rectoris liuius ecclesias et 
Prebendarii de VVengham cuius corpus hie requiescit et [?] obiit iiii kl' Decembris 
Anno dni. MCCCVI. 

t Corpus Ricardi Head baronetti filii uatu maximi Francisci Head bar" et 
Margarettse uxoris sua3 subtus depositum jacet. Obiit decimo octavo die Maii 
vicesirao septimo anno fetatis Annoque Domini 1721. 

Subtus etiam duo fratres et duse sorores ejusdem. Georgius et Henricus, Sara 
& Margaretta obdormiunt. 

X Tlie Rev. William Geekie, D.D., was Archdeacon of Gloucester 1738-67, 
and held the first Prebend at Canterbury 1731-67. 

§ Head, of Rochestek and Higham. 
ElizabethnpSir Richard Head, M.P.=FElizabeth=Ann,dau.of Arch-=pJohn Boys 



Merrick. 



for Rochester, ob. 1689, 
ait. 80. Son of Ric. 
Head of Rainham. 
(Had 11 children.) 



Willey. 
2nd wife. 



deacon Kingsley, 
ob. 1711. iixl ' 
wife. 



Francis, =pSarah, d.=f:Sir Paul Henry. 
nat.1641, " ' 
ob. 1678. 



of Sir 
Geo. Ent, 
ob. 1711. 



^ 



Barrett. 



Merrick. 



John, 
a quo Sir 
Edmund 
Head, 
6th Bart. 



Elizabeth 
married — 

SirR.Faunce. Richard 



Jane, ob.= 
1717, 1st 
mar. H. 
Price. 

Frances. 



of Hoad 
Court, ob. 
1661. 



2 I 
=Col. Jno. 
Boys, ob, 
1710, bro- 
ther of Sir 
W-" Boys, 
M.D. 



Ann. \1/ 



ITS MONUMENTS AND ITS RECTORS. 



117 



Head (who built the existing house, called Hermitage in 
Higham, and died in 1768); and of Archdeacon Sir John 
Head, who was Kector of Ickham from 1760 to 1769, and 
Archdeacon of Canterbury from 1748 to 1769. These baro- 
nets were brought into connection with Ickham by the mar- 
riage of their widowed grandmother, Mrs. Sarah Head, with 
Sir Paul Barrett of Canterbury, who purchased the Lee 
estate in this parish. At Lee she brought up the six young 
children left by her first husband, Mr. Francis Head of 
Rochester; and she was buried here in 1711. 

The Parish Eegister contains a list of eighty-eight 
inhabitants of Ickham who in March 1670-1 contributed 
£5 18s. 3d. towards a fund for the redemption of English- 
men captured and reduced to slavery by the Turks. The 
rector, Dr. Meric Casaubon, and the Lady Boys,"^ head the 



Sir Francis-T-Margaret, d. of 



Head, 
nat. 1670, 
ob. 1716. 
2nd baronet. 



Jas. Smithsby, 
ob. 1733. 



Sarah,=pJohn Lynch, 
ob.l710. I ob. 1733. 



John Lynch, Dean 
of Canterbury. 



Other 
issue. 



I I I I 
Samuel. 

Thomasine. 
Other issue. 



Sir Richard George. Sarah. Sir Francis^^Mary, d. of Sir James, 

Head, nat. — 

1694, ob. Henry. 
1721. 



Margaret. 



Head, ob. 

1768. 

4th baronet. 



William Boys, o. s.p., 
M.D., ob. 1792. 1727. 



Mary ■Wil-=Hon. Harry Anne=p ( 1. Moses Mendes. Elizabeth=Dr. Lill. 



helmina 
Head. 



Roper,Lord Gabriel 
Teynham. Head. 



^ 2. Hon. John Campbell 

Roper, ob. s.p. Head. 



Jane=Rev. Sir John Head, nat.::=Jane Geekie, Ann, nat.=f=Rev. Wm. 
Leigh. 1701, ob. 1769. 5th baronet, ob. 1780. 1704. I Egertou. 



2| 1| 

James Roper=f=Frances Ann Francis Meudes= 
Mendes [Head] I Burges. [Head], 

of Hermitage. | 
I 



Jemima=pEdward 
Brydges. 



Sir Francis Bond Head, Bart., 1838. Frances. Sir S. Egerton Brydges. 

* Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Fotherby, widow first of Sir Nathaniel 
Finch, and then of Sir John Boys, son of Edward Boys of Bonington. He was 
baptized at Chillenden in 1607, and died at Goodneston in 1664. 



118 ICKHAM CHURCH, 

list with £1 each. Lower down, wc are told that " Robert 
Petmau " contributed 2s. 6d. A monumental stone in the 
floor of this chancel informs us that " Robert Pettman " was 
a brewer in Ickham, who died in 1685, aged seventy years."*^ 
The entry recording the delivery of the sum collected to the 
authorised receiver is very quaint : " Colected for this Brefe 
in the parishe of Ikham by Mr. Lee, curat, and John Word 
and Robert Beake church wardenes of y'= said parish, the sume 
of five pounds fifteene shillings and five pence, and ivee say 
colected towards y"= Redemsihon of y" captives in Argier the 
sume above writen, and paide it the 11*^'' of March 1670 imto 
M'' Peter Hardes, Receuer ; in witness hearof we have set 
our handes." The curate himself, Samuel Lee, contributed 
2s. 6d., Mr. Moyes 5s., Madame Mansel 5s. 

The only other monumental stone in this chancel floor 
commemorates Admiral Charles Knowler,t who married the 
heiress of John Paramore, and obtained with her a house at 
Bramling, which Paramore had built. The Admiral died 
there in 1788 ; and therein also died his widow, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Knowler, four years later. The Admiral seems to have been 
a son of John Knowler, whose wife, Elizabeth Jeffery, brought 
to him in dowry the manor of Well-court, in this parish, 
which they sold to Robert Daines. 

The South Transept. 

This is called the Baa or Bay Chancel, and it formerly 
belonged to the owner of the Bay Farm Estate. From its 
eastern wall a recess for an altar projects into the churchyard. 
This projection is clearly an afterthought, as it partially 
blocks the light from the westernmost chancel window, which 
was already somewhat crowded by the transept's east wall. 
On the exterior, the east wall of the recess is carried up, 
above the level of the wall plate of the transept, and termi- 
nates in a pointed gable. In it there is a window, of three 

* Here lietli y'= body of Robert Pettman late of this parish, Brewer, who left 
issue 5 sons and one daughter hee departed this life y<= 8"> day of June in y« 
yeare of our Lord 1685 aged seuenty yeares. 

f In memory of Admiral Charles Knowler, who died March 26, 1788, aged 
81 years. 

Also of Elizabeth his wife, who died 20th Jan>- 1792, aged 77 years. 



ITS MONUMENTS AND ITS EECTOUS. 119 

liglits, having in its head a St. George's Cross inscribed in a 
circle. Beneath the window, on the exterior, runs a string- 
course, somewhat like a roll moulding ; but it and the window 
are of a style verging closely upon the Perpendicular or 
Third Pointed style. A similar window appears in the south 
wall of this transept, and beneath it stands the tomb of a 
knight, whose effigy represents him without a shield, but 
wearing a full suit of armour, of about the middle of the 
fourteenth century. His head rests on two cushions, and at 
the junction between his bascinet, and the camail of chain 
mail, a scalloped band of lapj)ets appears ; upon his breast- 
plate are two ornamental bosses ; the coutes, or elbow-pieces, 
are shaped like. lions' heads. Below the scalloped edge of his 
jupon, appears the bottom of the hawberk of chain mail. 
His legs seem to be enveloped in plate mail, and the 
genouillieres are handsomely floriated. The sollerets are 
pointed, and the feet rest upon a dog or lion. The swordbelt 
lies straight across the hips. 

The front of this altar tomb is ornamented with a band 
of many quatref oiled lozenges, well moulded. Over the tomb 
there is a crocheted canopy, above a doubly cusped, seven- 
foiled arch, which is flanked by buttresses with crocheted 
finials. The name of the knight is not known, but it has 
been conjectured that the effigy may represent Thomas de 
Baa,"^ whose name, written under his coat of arms {Or, a lion 
rampant sable, crowned argent), was formerly to be seen in 
one of the windows of this church. As a chapel in Ickham 
Church was dedicated to St. Thomas, we may suggest that 
St. Thomas's altar stood in the south transept. A piscina- 
arch remains in its east wall. This transept became the 
property of Archbishop Warham, when he purchased the 
Bay estate in 1509. He bequeathed Bay to his youngest 
brother Hugh ; whose daughter Agnes Warham received it 
as her dowry when she married the Lord Deputy of Ireland, 
Sir Anthony St. Leger. It soon passed into the possession 
of the family of Austen several generations of whom dwelt 

* In 1305 Walter de Ba, one of the same family, was admitted to the 
privileges of a layman " in fraternity '' with the monks of Christ Church, Can- 
terbury (Harleian MS. 2044, fol. 62'). 



120 iCKHAM cmjRcn, 

at Bay. The register teems with entries of their baptisms, 
marriages, and burials. Two epitaphs commemorative of 
them remain in the floor.'^ 

The North Transept. 

In the north transept, an altar-recess, carried up exter- 
nally to a pointed gable-end, similar to that in the south 
transept, was inserted during the fourteenth century. The 
east window in this recess, however, seems to be of a rather 
earlier type than that in the other transept; as does the 
external stringcourse beneath it, and the hoodmould above it, 
terminating in well-carved female heads, with characteristic 
head -gear. Above the three (cinquef oiled) lights, a six-foiled 
circle forms the head of this window. On the site of the 
altar, now stands the ancient parish chest, bound with 
broad bands of iron, and having three fastenings. Its semi- 
circular lid is hollowed out of one tree's trunk. South of 
the east window a piscina remains, in the east wall, beneath 
a small ogee arch trefoiled. 

From the character of the east window, and of the piscina- 
niche, we may be inclined to believe that the altar here was 
that of a Perpetual Chantry, dedicated to the Blessed 
Virgin and to St. Katherine, which was founded in Ickliam 
Church, by John Dennis of Apulton. He was Sheriff of 
London in a.d. 1360. This chantry, being endowed in 
perpetuity, the office of chantry priest therein became a 
benefice, to which each successive priest was instituted by 
the Archbishop.t Apulton, or Appleton, is an estate south 
of Bramling, in the south-east part of this parish. 

* On a flat stone, partly hidden by a pew, in the south transept : — " Here 
lieth the body of Eichard Austen .... Baye at Ickham .... county of Kent 
.... who had .... the second .... M. Vincent .... of Wymingwold .... afore- 
said .... by whome .... 5 sonnes .... whereof .... daughter .... this life y* 
19^'' of ... . aged 62, 164 . Here also in her father's grave lieth .... Elizabeth 
eldest daughter of Richard .... was the wife and widow of Michael .... by 
whome sbee had issue l sonnes, .... of which 2 sonnes and 1 daughter .... 
living at hir death. Shee was baptised .... of May 1615 and shee died Aprill 
. . . . ' Oh that they were wise, oh that they would .... that they would 
consider their ....'" 

On aflat stone, in the south aisle: — " Heere lyeth the body of Robert 
Austen, son of Richard Austen, late of Ickham, at the Bay ; who died a 
batchelor the 12"* of October in y"^ yeare 1652, of his age 21 yeares." 

f The patronage was vested in " John Denys of Ikham " during the first 
quarter of the fifteenth century. To the office of chaplain, to serve at the altar 



ITS MONUMENTS AND ITS RECTORS. 121 

The north transept, however, belonged to the owners of the 
Lee Priory estate, and has ever been called the Lee chancel. 
In its north wall lies the effigy of a priest, in simple eucharistic 
vestments ; his feet rest upon a dog. On his head he wears 
a close round cap, but his hair appears beneath it, falling a 
little lower than his ears. 

Hasted^ erroneously suggests that this tomb may com- 
memorate Richard de la Legh, who held the Lee estate in 
1385 (13 Edward I). He did not observe that the effigy 
represents a priest. 

It is impossible now to determine with accuracy the name 
of this priest ; but, from the period to which the effigy seems 
to belong, we may suggest the possibility that it may represent 
a Eector of Ickham named William Heghtresbury. He was 
instituted to this benefice in October 1354. His will, proved 
in November 1372, directed that he should be buried in 
Ickham Church ; without specifying that his tomb should be 
made in the high chancel, or in any particular spot. He 
was a man of some distinction ; canon of Salisbury, canon 
of Wingham, and, in 1371, Chancellor of Oxford University. 
Another possible suggestion is that this effigy may com- 
memorate Thomas at Le, priest of Dennis's chantry here. 
His name points to a connection with Lee by birth; and 
the fact that he exchanged the Rectory of Goodneston for 
this chantry proves his attachment to the place- 
William Heghtresbury, the rector mentioned above, be- 
queathed to this church a Portiphory with silver gilt clasps, 
containing the musical notation from which to sing the ser- 
vice ; and also two Missals, one called his Red Missal, and the 
other his First Missal with silver-gilt clasps. In addition to 

of this perpetual chantry of St. Mary the Virgin and St, Katherine, he presented 
Stephen Cherlesfeld, who resigned in 1410. The priests who succeeded Cherles- 
feld were Thomas Braborne in September 1410 ; John Sergant in April 1420 ; 
John Wymbeldon in February 1420-1 ; John Kervylein October 1427 ; Laurence 
Verdon in July 1428 ; and Thomas at Le (Rector of Goodneston) in May 1429. 
This gentleman was evidently a native of Ickham, born on the Lee estate. At 
length, the endowment of this chantry became so diminished in value, that it 
would not maintain a chantry-priest. Consequently, on the Sth of August 
1483, Archbishop Bourgchier issued a commission, to Nicholas Bulfinch. rector 
of Ickham, by which the rector was authorized to sequestrate, to his own use, 
the endowment of the chantry on account of its small value (^Bourgchier' s 
BcgUter, n&>). 

* Ristory of Kent, vol. ix., pp. 172, 178, 



122 ICKHAM CHURCn, 

these service-books, lie bequeathed for the use of this church 
a vestment, a chalice, two hand-towels, a pair of corporals, 
and twenty shillings in money. For the expenses of his 
funeral he left five marks, directing that to every poor 
man who attended it the sum of one penny should be given 
in alms. 

MOKUMENT OF SiR W. SOUTHLAND. 

Uj)on the east wall of the north transept is a singular 
mural monument, commemorating the right worshipful Sir 
William Southland, Knight, who dwelt at his house of Lee in 
this parish. He was born in 1578, the son of William South- 
land of New Romney, and died in 1688. He purchased the 
Lee estate during the reign of James I ; and his son Thomas 
was baptized here in 1614. His grandson sold Lee in 1676 to 
Paul Barrett. This monument strives to remind all beholders 
of the fleeting' nature of life and of time. At the top, are 
carved two bells, susj)ended above an hour-glass ; below which 
stands a clock-face, with the sun in its centre. Underneath 
is a skull, or death^s head, flanked by a pair of wings. A 
shield of arms, reversed by the mason who repaired the monu- 
ment, bore the Southland Coat {or, a wyvern vert, on a chief 
gules three spearheads argent) impaling, quarterly 1 and 4 sable 
a lion rampant ; 2 and 3 a chevron between three pheons. 
Below, appear two hands clasping each the other. The dexter 
hand represents that of Sir William Southland, and seems 
to spring out of his armorial coat ; the sinister hand is that 
of his wife, Anne daughter of Michael Beresford, out of 
whose armorial shield it seems to spring.* 

* The inscription is as follows : — 

M.S. 
Heere in this chancell lyeth interred y" Right Wor" S"" Willia' Southland of 
Lee in this Parish K' who married Anne daughter of Michael Berisforde of 
Westerham in Kent Esq and left issue by her two sonns ; y' one surviveing w'^'' 
is Thomas Southland Esq (who married Mary y^ daughf of S'' Tho* Springate 
of the Broyle- Place in Sussex Kn') & y^ yonger deceased & left 9 daughf', 6 
surviveing & 3 deceased 

Natus 18 Octobris 1578 
Obiit prime Maii 1638 
Terram terra premit, conclusus carcere career, 
Templum templa tenent, Urnula corpus habet. 
Invigilat terrte cselum mens claustra reviset, 
Spiritus et templum ; quid faces, urna, cave. 
Depositum sanctum est ; servato fideliter ; instat 
Judicis adventus ; cum vocat Ille date. 
Usq. quo, Domine ? 



ITS MONrMENTS AND ITS RECTORS. 123 

Memorials op the Barrett Family. 

Over the arcb by which the north transept opens to the 
north aisle there is a carving- representing the armorial coat* 
of Thomas Barrett (grandson of Sir Paul Barrett) impaling 
that of his first wife Anne Boys, who was his first cousin, being 
a daughter of Sir William Boys, M.D., by his wife Ann Barrett. 
This transept passed into the possession of that family when 
Thomas Southland sold Lee, in 1676, to Paul Barrett, Re- 
corder of Canterbury, who was afterwards knighted. Sir 
Paul was buried in the Church of St. Mary Bredman, at 
Canterbury, in 1685-6; but his second wife lies here; and so 
does his third wife, Mrs. Sarah Head, widow, whom he 
married a few years after he had purchased Lee. She sur- 
vived him for twenty-six years. Her paternal coat of arms, 
impaling that of Barrett, appears in a lozenge upon her 
tombstone.t 

She was a remarkable woman, who, being left a widow at 
the age of thirty, with six young children, admirably ad- 
ministered the wealth bequeathed by their grandfather. Sir 
Richard Head, who died in 1689. For them she purchased 
estates in Woodchurch, Graveney, and Stalisfield, which were 
added to the original estate of the Heads at Hermitage, in 
Higham, near Rochester. Her second marriage and residence 
at Lee caused her children to be brought up in the neigh- 
bourhood of Canterbury, where her son Sir Francis subse- 
quently lived. He was buried in St. Mildred's Church there 
in 1716. One of her grandsons. Dr. John Lynch, Rector of 
Ickham from 1731 to 1760, became Dean of Canterbury ; and 
another of them. Sir John Head, rector here from 1760 to 

* 0)% on a chevron sMe. 3 Hoqs passant of the fiekl. between 3 mullets 
pierced of the second ; impaling or, a griffin segreant snble, within a bordure 
gules. 

■[• Arms, in a lozenge : — Barrett, imj^aling Ent : {nz : a chevron between 3 
falcon's bells, or). 

Here lieth y** body of Dame Sarah Barret danghf to S"" George Ent, Knight, 
wife to Francis Head of Rochester Esq., and to S"' Paul Barret of Canterbury 
Kn'. fehe had 4 sons and two daug'^ by the former, and by the latter whom 
she survived had 1 son & a daughter. She departed this life Oct : j" 6"' 1711 
aged 63 years. 

In the nave just outside this transept is a portion of a stone commemorating the 
second wife of Mr. Paul Barrett, who died on the 26th of August 1677 aged 23 ; 
thus : ■ J.T. c \ saluac'on 1-677 ) 

mtheyeareofJ_j^g^^g^23 j 



121 



ICKHAM CHURCH, 



1769, was Archdeacon of Canterbury; one of licr f^reat- 
grandsons (another John Lynch) was also Archdeacon there. 
Sir Paul Barrett's* descendants possessed Lee, and this 
transept, durin<^ nearly two hundred years. Mr. Thomas 
Ban-ett, the last of his name, who died in 1803, was lord of 
Kincfston Manor and M.P. for Dover. He was a friend of 
Horace Walpole, who visited him in 1780 at Lee Priory, 
which James Wyatt the architect was employed to improve. 
Horace Walpole likewise induced the two Misses Berry to 
visit Mr. Barrett at Lee, in 1794; he has left a flattering 
description of the house, its library and its pictures. Mr. 
Barrett's niece, Elizabeth Byrche, married Sir Egerton 
Brydges, of Denton Court ; and to her son, Thomas Barrett 
Brydges, who died before his father, Lee Priory was be- 
queathed by Mr. Barrett. Her third daughter, Charlotte 
Katherine Brydges, who married Mr. Frederic Dashwood 
Swann, is buried in this church, where she is commemorated 
by a mural tablet. A few books, printed by Sir Egerton 
Brydges at a press set up in Lee Priory, are now classed 
among the rarities for which Bibliophiles give large prices. 

* Bakeett, of Lee in Ickham. 

Mary, d. & h. of=pSir Paul Barrett, Sergeant-=p (2 ob. 1677. 

Thos. Stanley, at-Law, nat. 1633, ob. 1685-6. ( 3. Sarah, widow of Fras. 
ob. 1672, Head, ob. 1711. 



Paul, 

nat. 

1656. 



George,^Susan, d. of Other 
ob. 1709, * Thos. Green, issue. 



set. 46. 



ob. 1711, 
49. 



set. 



Ann,=pSir Wm. Boys, 

ob. " " " 

1753. 



Other 
M.D.. nat. issue. 

1657, ob. 1744. 



4. Katherine, d.=pThomas,=pAnne Boys,=pElizabeth=:B. Sarah 
of Humphry ob. 1757. 1st wife, Peters, Baker. 

Pudner. nat. 1694. 2nd wife. 



Thomas, son & heir, ob. 
1803, friend of Horace 
Walpole. 



Thomas, nat. 
and ob. 1723. 



Elizabeth,: 
ob. 1798. 



:Rev. Wm. 

Dejovas 

Byrche. 



Elizabeth=pSir Saml. Egerton Brydges,^M ary Robinson, 
Byrche. I of Denton, F.S.A., ob. 1837. I 2ud wife. 



Thomas 
Barrett 
Brydges. 



Sir Wm, Egerton 
Barrett Brydges, 
of Lee Priory, 



Charlotte=Frederick 
Katherine Dashwood 
Brydges. Swann. 



Ferdinand 

Stanley 

Head Brydges. 



ITS MONUMENTS AND ITS RECTOES. 125 

There was here a curious endowment, for a man who 
should nightly ring the curfew bell. It was founded by 
Eiichard Townley, who in his will, dated 1525, left a house 
and garden, in Ickham, for the curfew ringer. A bequest of 
6s. 8d. left by " Jaffary Led's widow " was the subject of a 
" presentment " made in 1511 at Archbishop Warham's 
visitation, John Beke, of Well, was therein charged with 
wrongfully retaining the bequest. 

To increase the number of sermons in this church Richard 
Denne, in 1616, by his will left a house and lands in Ickham ; 
out of the rent of which £1 was to be given, for two addi- 
tional sermons every year. He directed that the residue of 
the rent should be distributed among the poor people pre- 
sent, after the sei'mon was finished. 

In the rectory house, which was much altered by the 
Rev. J. A. Wright, a portion of the ancient building still 
remains. This portion is built of stone, in two storeys. 
The lower room, which is large, and is now used as a 
kitchen, has an early Tudor window of good design with 
shafted mullions, and in its ceiling, many well-moulded 
beams ; probably of the time of Henry VII. The upper 
room has a window of still earlier character. 



INTEEIOR MEASUEEMENTS OF THE CHURCH. 

(Communicated by the Rev. E. Gildee.) 

ft. in. 

Length of Churcli (including Chancel and Tower) 126 9 

Length of Chancel 42 10 

Length of Nave (including Tower) 83 11 

AVidth of Nave (including its Aisles) 39 9 

Width of North Aisle 8 7 

Width of South Aisle 7 10 

Height of Chancel (to the wall plate) 19 6 

Height of the Chancel x\rch 24 

North Transept — 

Erom North to South 21 8 

East to West 1.5 2 

South Transept — 

Erom North to South 19 8 

East to West 16 8 

Height of Tower 58 



126 ICKHAM CHURCH, 



RECTORS OF ICKHAM.* 

(1) Walteh de CiiELECUMB IS tlic fii'st wliosG iianiG we liave 

been able to learn. In October 1283 he was appointed 
joint auditor of the accounts of Roger Burt, Treasurer of 
the Chamber (ArcJibp. PeckJiam's Register, 153''). Ho 
died in December 1284. 

(2) Maktin de Hampton, who succeeded Chelecumb, was insti- 

tuted on 8 kal. Feb. 1284-5, and was inducted by Master 
Richard, the Rector of Adisham. Hampton, who was a 
Canon of Wiugluim, died in 1300, and was buried in the 
chancel of Ickhaui Church. Tlie matrix of his monumen- 
tal brass remains. 

(3) William de Beitall may or may not have been Hampton's 

immediate successor. We only know that in 1322 he was 
" deprived" of his benefice by "definitive sentence." 

(4) Robert de Norton, a great ecclesiastical lawyer, held the 

benefice for a few months, from November 1322 to 
July 1323, when he was Rector of Ivjchurch. In vacat- 
ing this living, and that of Merstham, in Surrey, he made 
a written protest that if the rectory of Ivychurcli involved 
him in litigation he would return to his former benefices. 
He had been Rector of Woodchurch from 1314 to 1315 ; 
and was collated to Merstham in January 132^ by Arch- 
bishop Reynolds, " intuitu caritatis ;" he acted as Proctor, 
at the Court of Rome, for that Archbishop in 1322. 

(5) Thomas de Howe received the benefice " in commendam" in 

July 1323. 

(6) Robert de Solbury, who obtained this preferment in April 

1324, retained it dm"ing twenty-seven years. A special 

commission of jurisdiction here was granted to him in 

July 1326. He became Provost of Wingham College in 

July 1351 ; and he seems then to have exchanged this 

benefice for the rectory of Eynsford. He lived until 1358. 

* The income of the Rector of Ickham was valued, in A.D. 1292, at 4.5 marks 
per annum. In 1.5:3.5, it was said to be £29 13s. 4d., mainly from tithes, but 
£1 10s. Od. of that total was derived from 20 acres of glebe land. As the Rector 
was bound to provide a priest to serve Well Chapel, at a stipend of £.3 6s. 8d. 
per annum ; and to pay los. at every visitation, for " proxies and synodes," the 
net value of the benefice was said to be £25 lis. 8d. in 1.535. Fifty-three years 
later its annual value was £150 ; in 1640, it was £250 ; in 1800 it had increased 
to £450 ; and its tithes at the Commutation were converted into a rent charge of 
£997 per annum. 



AND ITS RECTORS. 127 

(7) William Brodele, who was Eector of Eynsford, was admitted 
to this benefice in July 1351, but he retained it not long. 

(S) William Hegiitresbukt, " Professor of the Sacred Page," a 
man especially learned in Holy Scripture, was instituted 
to Ickliam in October 1354. He was a Canon of Sarum, 
and also Canon of Wimelingwold in Wingham Collegiate 
Church. Some of the parishioners here subtracted from 
and detained parts of his tithes, so that in November 1359 
the Provost of Wingham, John Severleye, received from 
Archbishop Islip a commission to inquire into the matter. 
Heghtresbury died here in 1372, having been Chancellor 
of Oxford in the previous year. By his will (in Archbishop 
Whittlesey's register, fol. 126'') he bequeathed several books 
and vestments to Ickham Church, wherein he was buried. 

(9) John Colthorp of Denford, in Lincoln diocese, was instituted 

in November 1372, but in less than four years he exchanged 
with 

(10) Walter de Fortndon (or Farndon), Rector of Whitchurch, 

then in the diocese of Lincoln, who was admitted to this 
benefice on June 27, 1376. After holding it for ten 
years he exchanged with 

(11) William Blankpatn, Eector of Orset, whose name seems to 

mean White-bread, or Whitbread. He was instituted on 
the 15th of September 1386, having already, for some years, 
held a Canon's stall at Winglmm. He, like his predeces- 
sor Heghtresbury, was learned in the Scriptures, " Professor 
of the Sacred Page." 

(12) Philip Eoggers, who was Archbishop Courteuay's cross- 

bearer, succeeded to this benefice on the 3rd of June 
1390. How long he held it we do not discover. It is not 
probable that he retained it for forty-two years ; neverthe- 
less we know not the name of any other rector until 1432. 

(13) EiCHARD ViKCENT was instituted by Archbishop Chicheley, 

May 22, 1432 ; he was also a Canon of Wingham. He 
retained this rectory for forty-one years, and died in 1473. 

(14) Nicholas Buletkch, in Decretis Baccalaureus, who had for 

a few months already been a Canon of Wingham, was 
admitted to Ickham by Archbishop Bourgchier on the 5th 
of Nov. 1473. He retained this benefice for nearly fifteen 
years, and then he effected an exchange with 

(15) John Hertt, another learned lawyer, in Dec. Bar., who was 

Eector of St. Michael in Crooked Lane, London. This 



128 ICKIIAM CUURCII, 

worthy was instituted by Arclibishop Morton, June 23, 
1488. He became Uean of the Arches, and also held a 
Canonry at Wingham. lie resigned tliis benefice in 1492. 
(IG) TJicnvRD Martin (styled " a Bishop in the Universal Church") 
was instituted May 31, 1492, upon Ilervy's resignation, 
and held this benefice for nearly seven years, until his death. 
Twenty years before, he had obtained from the Pope a 
dispensation enabling him to hold three incompatible bene- 
fices in plurality, and had in consequence held the rectory 
of St. Peter in Guisnes from Feb. 1472-3 to Sept. 1475. This 
dispensation was probably obtained through liichard 
Martin's influence at the Court of King Edward IV. That 
monarch admitted him to be one of his Council of State 
in 1471 (11 Ed. IV), and appointed him, for life. Chan- 
cellor of the County of the King's Marches (Gancenarius 
Comitaf Reg^ 3farch') ; at that time he was a Prebendary 
of St. Paul's, and Archdeacon of London ; four years later 
he became Chancellor {GanceUariiis Regis), and in 1477 
was made Chancellor of Ireland, for life, and Chaplain to 
the King. He obtained Prebeudal Stalls at Hereford and 
Salisbury, in 1473 ; and was Archdeacon of Berks (1478), 
and of Hereford (1476). At the close of Edward's reign, 
in the twenty-second year thereof, he was consecrated 
Bishop of St. David's, and is then spoken of, on the Patent 
Roll, as " Cancellarius Regis." Eor some reason, probably 
political, on the usurpation of the crown by Richard the 
Third, he did not retain the bishopric of St. David's, but 
seems to have acted henceforth as a suffragan helpful to 
other Bishops, Bishop Martin held the vicarage of Lydd 
from June 1474 until 1498. He enjoyed the rectory of 
Woodchurch during some years ; but he resigned it, in 
1492, for this benefice of Ickham. He was Custos of the 
Franciscan House of Grey Friars or Minorites in Canter- 
bury, of which he w^as a benefactor, and there he was buried 
in November 1498. Dugdale and subsequent writers have 
erroneously stated that this bishop of St. David's died in 
or about 1483 ; some actually describe his " large marble 
tomb before the crucifix nearest the north door" of St. 
Paul's Cathedral. His continuous occupation of prefer- 
ments in Kent, from 1474 to 1498, disproves such erro- 
neous statements. Somner and H. "Whartoii did not know 
that this Richard Martin was consecrated to St. David's ; 



AND ITS RECTORS. 129 

"Somner was therefore much puzzled by the title given to, 
and claimed by him, o£ " bishop in the universal church." 

(17) John Frankeltn was instituted by Archbishop Morton on 

the loth of February 1498-9, and held this benefice during 
thirty-six years. He died here in 1535, and left a legacy 
to Well Chapel. When Archbishop Warham held his 
visitation in 1511, complaint was made, by some one con- 
nected with Well Chapel, that the " Parson of Ikham" with- 
held a chantry. The record states, however, that " Sir John 
Fraukelyn " appeared, and producing the foundation 
charter proved that he did nothing contrary to the terms 
of the foundation. At the same time it was stated that 
the churchyard fence at Well required mending, and that 
the bell-frames there needed repair. Also, from Ickham, 
the wardens complained that the chancel of Ickham Church 
was not repaired. John Frankelyn's will, dated 9th Sept, 
1535, is preserved at Canterbury. He seems to have been 
a native of Warwick, where he directed that 10 masses 
should be said for the souls of himself, his father Eobert, 
and his mother Alice Frankelyn, of my lord John Morton, 
Mr. Thomas Maddies, and Sir Thomas Typpis. He be- 
queathed 20s. towards the paving or other repair of Ickham 
Churcli ; to which he also left a silver gilt clialice, a cor- 
poras, a superaltare, altar clothes, cruets, a mass-book, 
and a surplice, which he had used in his chapel. He 
directed that, every fourth week, throughout the year, 
the three curates of Ickham, AViekham, and Littlebourne, 
with their clerks, should meet in Ickham Church, and all 
sing Dirige with the whole service, for his soul ; and also 
on the same day or the next, they should sing 3 masses of 
the Trinity, Our Lady, and Eequiem. 

(18) Thomas Baeok, M.A., v/as collated to this living by Arch- 

bishop Cranmer on the 21;th of September 1535. 

(19) Edmund Cranmer was collated hither by his brothei*, the 

Archbishop, on the 2nd of September 1547. He had been 
Archdeacon of Canterbury, and Provost of Wingham 
from the 9th of March 1533-4; he likewise held the 
rectory of Cliff-at-Hoo, and 1549-54 the sixth prebendal 
stall in Canterbury Cathedral. In 1542 he contributed 
£20 towards the loan granted in that year to King Henry 
VIII. Archdeacon Cranmer retained this benefice until 
March 1553-4 ; when, under Queen Mary, he was deprived 

YOL. XIV. K 



130 ICKHAM cnuucH, 

of this and all his other preferments, because he was a 
married man. The sentence of deprivation was issued in 
the Cliapter House at Canterbury, by Dr. Henry Harvey, 
Vicar- General, and Richard Thornden, Bishop Suffragan 
of Dover. The descendants of Archdeacon Cranmer re- 
mained for some generations at Canterbury, in St. Mildred's 
Parish. His son Thomas, who was Registrar of tbe Arch- 
deaconry, was buried there in 1G04. 

(20) Robert Marsh was appointed Rector of Ickham on the 12th 

of April 1554 by Queen Mary. 

(21) Henry Latham was rector in 1555. 

(22) AViLLiAM Ptat, " parson of Ickham," was buried here 21st 

of September 1568. 

(23) Samuel Harlestone was admitted to this benefice by Arch- 

bishop Parker on the 2ud of Nov. 1568, and held it for the 
long period of forty-eight years. By his will, made in 
1616, he bequeathed £20 to the poor of the parish, to be 
so invested as to provide for distributing twenty shillings 
per annum. 
(2-1) William Kingsley, S.T.P., Fellow of All Souls, Oxford, and 
rector of Great Chart, which he resigned for Ickham, suc- 
ceeded Harlestone. He was collated to this rectory on 
the 25th of January 1616-7 by Archbishop Abbot, whose 
niece, Damaris Abbot, became his wife. By her he had 
sixteen children. He was appointed Archdeacon of Canter- 
bury in 1619, and retained these preferments for moi'e 
than a quarter of a century. He was also Rector of Salt- 
wood with Hythe. On the 29th of January 1647-8 he 
died, and was buried in the Cathedral, where in 1614 he 
had succeeded Isaac Casaubon in the eighth stall, which 
he held for twenty-nine years. His daughter Ann, widow 
of John Boys, became the third wife of Sir Richard Head 
of Rochester, whose grandchildren passed their childhood 
and youth in Ickham, at Lee Priory ; Sir Richard's great- 
grandson, Sir John Head, became Rector of Ickham and 
Archdeacon of Canterbury. Archdeacon Kingsley wit- 
nessed the beginning of the troublous times of the Rebel- 
lion. One of the numerous petitions sent up to Parliament 
in May 1643 alleges that Archdeacon Kingsley preached 
poisonous doctrine in Ickham Church. Parliament, he was 
alleged to have said, sat for nothing but to undo the kingdom ; 
and the laity were not all competent to search the Scriptures. 



AND ITS RECTORS. 131 

(25) John Swan, " Minister o£ Ikham," in October 1642, made 

an affidavit setting forth the opposition raised by the 
Mayor and Churchwardens of St. Clement's, Sandwich, 
against the induction of the Eev. Hope Sherrard.* The 
Ickham Register states, that " Anne Swan wife of John 
Swan minister of this parish was buried here March 20, 
164f." At the death of Archdeacon Kingsley, in 1648, 
there was no Archbishop, and John Swan seems to have 
remained here until 1662 ; when he was ejected for Non- 
conformity. 

(26) Meric Casaubon, who was born at Greneva in 1597, but came 

to England with his father, Isaac Casaubon, in 1610, and 
was early appointed Rector of Minster in Thanet, and of 
Monkton, succeeded to this benefice after the Restoration. 
His collation to it by Archbishop Juxon took place Oct. 4, 
1662. He had been presented to the ninth prebendal stall 
in Canterbury Cathedral in 1628, when he was thirty-one 
years of age ; and he occupied it during forty-three years. 
His epitaph in the Cathedral erroneously states that he 
held a canon's stall for forty-six years ; it points with 
admiration to his great erudition, and to his descent from 
Robert Stephens, his great-grandfather, and Henry 
Stephens, his grandfather. He died in July 1671, in the 
seventy -fifth year of his age. His mind and temper, with 
regard to the controversies of the time of Laud, may be 
gathered from his reply to a petition from Minster against 
him in 1641. He said, " My curate refused to administer 
the communion to two that would not come up to the 
rails ; which, when I heard, I disliked ; and he did it no 
more ; at Christmas 1639 I was there myself, and adminis- 
tered unto all those that did not, as well as those that 
came up to the rails. I was at the charge of decent rails. 
As for bowing, I never used it till we were commanded it 
in our cathedral of Christ Church, and that I saw it 
generally practised by others." 

(27) Samuel Parker, S.T.P., a learned Fellow of the Royal 

Society, Archdeacon of Canterbury 1670-88, and Rector 
of Chartham 1667-71, was collated to Ickham in 1671 
by Archbishop Sheldon, whose chaplain he was. Born in 
1640, the son of a learned Serjeant-at-Law, John Parker, 

* Sixth Report of Historic MS. Commissiin, 207*. 

K 2 



132 ICKHAM CHURCH, 

wlio sided Avitli ilio rarliamoiit, lio died prematurely at 
Oxford, March 20, 1G87-8, having been conBecrated Bif^hop 
of Oxford only seventeen niontlin before, on Oct. 17, 16SG. 
He held the second prebcndal stall in Canterbury Cathedral 
from Nov. IG72 until 1G85, when he resigned it. Tckham 
he retained, with his bishopric. 
(2S) George Titorpe, S.T.P., who was already Eector of Eishops- 
bonrnc, and held the fifth stall in Canterbury Cathedral 
1G80-1710, was collated to Ickham, after the death of 
Bishop Parker, in 1688. He was a benefactor to Emmanuel 
College, Cambridge, whereat he endowed, with lands at 
Ash near Sandwich, five scholarships for Divinity students. 
He was buried in the Cathedral 1719, Nov. 28. The 
entrv of his burial in the Cathedral register describes him 
as " the Eeverend and Hospitable George Thorp, D.D." 

(29) Charles Beak succeeded to this benefice and to that of 

Bishopsbourne, January 17, 1720, and held them both for 
ten years. He had been Vicar of Lydd from 1711 to 
1720, and while there in 1715 his wife Lucy {nee Session) 
died; but she was buried at Barham. Mr. Bean was sub- 
sequently buried in the same church ; he died March 30, 
1731, in the fifty-sixth year of his age. 

(30) John Lynch, D.D., was one of the nineteen children borne 

to John Lynch, Esq., of Staple, by his wife Sarah Head, 
whose childhood had been passed at Lee Priory in Ickham, 
her mother's third home. Dr. Lynch married Mary, 
daughter of Archbishop Wake, and by that primate he 
was prefei-red to the rectory of Sundridge in 1727, and to 
the fourth prebeudal stall in the Cathedral, in April 1728. 
Three years later, he was collated both to Ickham and to 
Bishopsbourne in May 1731. The deanery of Canterbury 
was likewise held by Dr. Lynch from 1734 to 1760 ; and 
he was Treasurer of Salisbury Cathedral 1735-60. He 
died in the latter year, and was interred beside his mother, 
in his own family chancel, which is on the north side of 
Staple Chui'ch, in a vault which he had prepared during his 
lifetime, beneath the east window. 

(31) Sir Jonisr Head, D.D. (fourth son of Sir Francis Head, 

whose childhood was passed at Ickham), succeeded his first 
cousin, Dean Lynch, in this benefice, in 1760. He had 
in 1730 been appointed Eector of St. George and St. Mary 
Magdalen, Burgate, in Canterbury ; he held a Prebend 



AND ITS RECTOES. 133 

at Hereford from 1738 to 1769 ; and was, from 1748 to 
1769, Archdeacon of Canterbury, and from 1759 to 1769, 
fifth Prebendary. He married Miss Jane Geekie ; and, in 
the year preceding his death, he succeeded to the baronetcy, 
owing to the deaths (without male issue) of his three 
elder brothers. He died in Dec. 1769, and was buried in 
the chancel of Ickham Church, in the large vault of the 
Head family. There is here no epitaph nor other memorial 
of him ; nor of fifteen other members of the family who 
lie with him in that vault. 

(32) The Honourable James Coekwallis (a nephew of Arch- 

bishop Cornwallis), the successor of Sir John Head in this 
benefice, held it for one year only. He had been Eector 
of Boughtou Malherb, a Prebendary of Westminster, and, 
for a few months only, Eector of Adisham ; he became 
Eector of Wrotham in 1770 ; Dean of Canterbury in 
1775 ; Bishop of Lichfield in 1781 ; and Dean of "Windsor 
1791-4. He succeeded his nephew, the second Marquess 
Cornwallis, in the Peerage, as fourth Earl Cornwallis, in 
1823, and died in 1824. He was a son of the first Earl 
Cornwallis, and was the father of the fifth and last Earl. 

(33) William Backhouse, D.D., was collated to Ickham in 1771. 

He became Hector of Deal in 1776, and was Archdeacon 
of Canterbury from 1769 to 1788, when he died. 

(34) HousTOUNE Eadcliffe, D.D., Chaplain to Archbishop Moore, 

Vicar of Gillingham, and fourth Prebendary of Canter- 
bury 1795-1822, succeeded to this living in 1788. He held 
the Archdeaconry of Canterbury from 1803 until his death 
in 1822. He had been Eector of Merstham 1786-90 ; a 
Prebendary of Ely from 1787 to 1795 ; and was Sub-dean 
of Wells from 1812 to 1822. 

(35) Nicholas Simoi^s, M.A., Vicar of Minster in Thanet. 

(36) John Adolphus Weight, M.A., held the benefice from 

1839 to 1874, when he resigned, under 34 and 35 Victoria, 
cap. 44. He died 16 June 1881. 

(37) Edwaed Gilder, M.A., Eural Dean, and Eector of St. 

Dunstan's, Canterbury, succeeded Mr. Wright in 1874, 
and is now the Eector. 



( 134 ) 



A EOMAN VILLA AT WINGHAM. 

BY G. DOWKER, F.G.S. 

WiNGHAM was certainly a place of importance in early times ; 
several roads converge into it. It was near or on the Roman 
road from Richborough to Canterbury, during the period 
of the Roman occupation of Britain ; and at a later period, 
when Sandwich rose into importance, Wingham formed a 
half-way resting-place between it and Canterbury. At 
Domesday Wingham gave the name to the Hundred, which 
also contained the parishes of Ash, Goodnestone, Nonington, 
and part of Womenswold. Mr. J. B. Sheppard some years 
ago had discovered a roadway of faggots, leading across the 
Marsh to Little Briton, and constituting part of the road 
from Richborough to Canterbury. To the south-east, the 
road from Staple to Wingham passes by the Saxon burial- 
place at Witherden Hall, opened by Lord Londesborough and 
the late Mr. Ackerman. To the north-east, lay the Roman 
burial-place I discovered at Dearson, described in the twelfth 
volume of Archceologia Cantiana. Hasted mentions that in 
1710, "behind Wingham Court, in a field called the Vine- 
yard, the tenant of the Court-lodge farm, being at plough 
on his lands, observed the plough to strike on something 
hard, and found it to be a. chest or coffin of large thick 
stones joined together, and covered with one on the top. 
The stones were about four feet in length, two in breadth, 
and four in thickness. It was about a foot deep ; at the 
bottom were some black ashes, but nothing else in it ; the 
place round about was searched, but nothing whatever was 
found.""^ Such another was found near Goshall, in Ash, 
not long before, t 

These coffins were in all probability Roman. It has 

* Hasted's History of Kent, folio edition, vol. iii., p. 709. 
f Harris's History of Kent, p. 335. 




TU)MAN BATir. AT AVINGHAM. 



SHEWING THE WALLS COATED WITH MOSAIC WOBK OF BLACK AKD WHITE 

TESSERA (BENEATH THE FOOT OF THE STANDING FIGURE). AND THE 

TESSELLATED PAVEMENT OF A ROOM ADJACENT TO THE BATH. 



A HOMAN VILLA AT WINGHAM. 135 

been long known that traces of foundations of walls might 
be seen in tbe field called " The Vineyard," during dry 
seasons, in the corn. Mr. Sheppard had seen Roman tiles 
exposed in the fields, and along the stack-yard some years 
ago ; and the late Mr. Ackerman had obtained Roman coins 
from the same fields. Stimulated by these reports, I, by the 
courtesy of the present tenant, Mr. John Robinson, made 
several trial holes all along the fence of the Vineyard field, 
next the stack-yard, and was rewarded on July 22, 1881, by 
the discovery of Roma n buildings, which I will now describe. 

About half-way between the stack-yard and the stream 
from Wingha m Well, skirting the western side of the field, 
I came on the foundation of a concrete floor, which, oh 
further excavating, proved to be that of a Roman bath, with 
walls covered with a tessellated mosaic, the upper part white, 
and the lower half of a slate colour. The bottom had like- 
wise had a tessellated floor of simila.r material, but had been 
broken up, and a small portion next the sides alone remained. 
The wall of this bath was of Roman tile and eighteen inches 
thick ; the whole had been filled with broken tile and flint, 
and contained bones of animals a,nd charcoal. Having ob- 
tained permission from the tenant, and from his landlord 
the Earl Cowper, to continue the excavation, and having 
received a grant of £10 from the Kent Archaeological Society, 
and £20 from Earl Cowper, we enclosed the site with a high 
pole fence ; and our work since harvest has resulted thus 
far in exposing the buildings described below. 

In this and nearly every excavation I have made on a 
Roman site, the foundations have been covered with much 
superincumbent earth, and much cha rcoal has been found. 
The walls, of all the rooms found here, had been levelled to 
the surface of the soil ; and their debris had been thrown 
down upon the tessellated floors. The soil since accumulated, 
above the whole, is the joint effect of rain- wash and of 
worms. The presence of a millstone (of uncertain da.te), and 
the absence of any mediaeval remains, point to an early 
period. 

The bath, whichfor the sake of distinction I shall call Room 
No. 1, measures inside 8 ft. 4 in. east to west, and 6 ft. 5 in. 



136 A ROMAN VILLA AT WINGHAM. 

noi-tli to south. The height of the south wall left standing 
is about 2 ft. 8 in. ; the bottom of this bath is paved with a 
concrete composed of broken tiles in mortar, and formed the 
ground on which the tesserae were laid. These have been 
almost entirely removed, except a portion some three or four 
inches wide, next the walls, where there are some of the grey 
tessera) remaining. The south and west walls of this bath, 
as well as portions of the east side, are covered with a tessel- 
lated mosaic ; the lower fifteen inches in dark grey or slate- 
coloured tesRer8e,and the upj)er portion with white; the tesserae 
being cubes some half-inch square. These wall tesserae are 
smaller than those found at the bottom; they are embedded 
in a very compact concrete of mortar and pounded tile, about 
two inches in thickness. The east and west walls of the 
bath are composed entirely of Eoman tiles, and are eighteen 
inches wide ; the south wall appears to have been two feet 
thick, but at each corner has been much broken, probably at 
the time the posts of the fence were put down. In the 
centre of this wall are two large Roman tiles, which project 
outward from the wall six inches, and appear as if they led to 
some more southerly room. In the south-west comer of the 
bath is a drain leading thi'ough the wall. The north of this bath 
has some steps leading up into another apartment ; the steps 
appear to have been seven inches wide, but the tiles of which 
they were composed have been partly broken away, at four- 
teen inches in height from the bottom. These steps are four 
feet long, the north two feet being a wall of boulders ; but 
at the east and west of these steps was a projection, that on 
the east (the most perfect) was eighteen inches wide, seven- 
teen inches deep, and nine inches high ; the inner surface 
being tessellated with a continuation of the tesserae of the 
east side of the bath, and rounded off at each corner. The 
corner next the succeeding apartment had white marble 
tesserae, and the same appear to have paved a seat, the red 
brick concrete of which alone remains ; the west side of this 
step is much more broken. The bottom floor of this room is 
about 4 ft. 9 in. from the surface of the field. The steps led 
up to an apartment No. 2. In the south-west corner was a 
drain leading through the wall. 











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A ROMAN VILLA AT WINGHAM. 137 

Eoom No. 2, 9 ft. 9 in. east to west by 10 ft. 10 in. north 
to sontli, had a floor thirteen inches higher than the bottom 
of No. 1, and was tesseUated with a pattern of alternate large 
diamonds and small squares, with a banded border in dark 
grey and white tesserae. The south and west walls had each 
a projecting cornice of red concrete at base"^ next the floor, 
and the sides of the walls were covered with the same; it had a 
remarkably smooth surface, as if to receive colour. The 
south-west corner of this room had a drain leading parallel 
with the outside of the west wall of Room No. 1, and having 
a recess in the south wall 2 ft. 8 in. long and 8 in. deep; 
the wall above this recess had white tesserae on it. The 
east wall had no cornice, or set off^ of concrete at the bottom, 
and was about two feet high towards the centre ; the west 
wall was broken up, level with the pavement. Toward the 
north-west corner of this apartment was a doorway through 
the wall, paved with white tesserae, leading into Room No. 4, 
hereafter to be described. The walls of No. 2 are two feet 
thick, and composed of flint stones. Near the centre, but 
touching the north wall, was found a large mill-stone, lying 
flat on the tessellated floor, with no debris under it. It 
may, or it may not, be a Roman mill-stone ; but its presence 
here is, in any case, remarkable. It was 2 ft. 6 in. in 
diameter, and five inches deep, with a hole of six and a half 
inches in the centre ; scored and made exactly similar to 
mill-stones now in use, but of dift'erent stone. At one 
foot from the north-east corner, and for the space of about 
three feet, the wall was broken down to the level of the 
floor. There may have been a step here leading into Room 
No. 3 (next to be described), which was fifteen inches higher 
than Room No. 2. Here was seen the section of the con- 
crete on which the tesserse of Room No. 3 was laid ; this 
was composed of coarsely pounded tile and mortar six inches 
deep. The tessellated floor of Room No. 2 was tolerably per- 
fect excepting towards the south-east, where a portion had 
been destroyed. 

Room No. 3 has a tessellated floor of a different pattern, 
consisting of a central portion of fret labyrinth, with three 
* This red concrete cornice was visible in other parts along the west wall. 



138 A ROMAN VILLA AT TVINGHAM. 

bands of alternate black and white forming a margin ; the 
south-east and north-west corners are broken up ; the walls 
of this room on the west were entirely destroyed down to the 
foundations, as was also the north wall, traces only of which 
can be seen. Eoom No. 3 was 11 ft. 4 in. by 11 ft. 11 in. The 
entrance to it was probably from the north-east of Room 
No. 2, where the wall is broken. Excavations outside the walls 
shewed no appearance of there having existed any rooms 
either north, east, or west of this. 

A doorway near the north-east of No. 2 led into a hypo- 
caust. Room No. 4. This had a concrete floor 2 ft. 10 in. 
lower thaii Room No. 2. On this were laid blocks of masonry 
having fire passages between -, the blocks were covered with 
overlapping tiles, on which was sprea.d the concrete of 
broken tile, similar to that on which the tesserse in Rooms 2 
a.nd 3 a.re laid. It a,ppeared as if the tessellated floor of 
No. 2 had been continued into this hypocaust. Most of the 
suspended floor had fa lien in, and was found in the debris at 
the bottom. The b^ock of masonry near the north-east corner 
of this building was best preserved ; and from its structure 
we can see the plan adopted. A central fire-flue, sixteen 
inches wide, extended the whole length of the building, and 
was crossed, a.t right angles, by two other fire-flues lead- 
ing through the south wall of the hypocaust. The blocks of 
masonry were faced with tiles, the cent ral part being filled 
in with loose large flint stones, into which the fire found 
its way, as wa.s shewn by their being bla.ckened by smoke ; 
and to diffuse the heat more readily hypocaust flue-tiles 
were laid through the blocks next the wall. These tiles 
v/ere nine inches deep and five inches wide, scored on the 
outside to hold mortar. Large tiles, one foot wide and 
two and a half inches thick, were laid overlapping on the top, 
so as to form an arch, which also spanned the fire spaces 
between the blocks. The central fire-flue communicated with 
the lateral, by passing over some rows of tiles, forming a sill. 
The hypocaust room is 11 ft. 2 in. wide, and extends westerly 
twenty-eight feet as far as at present excavated. The farther 
half was built after a different plan from the first ; it had 
several smaller flues separated by 8-inch tiles; but as we 



A ROMAN VILLA AT WINGHAM. 139 

have not completed the excavation of this, I shall leave the 
description for some future paper. This hjpocaust had ori- 
ginally been divided by a cross wall, leaving- the east part 
11 ft. 2 in. square; the remains of this broken wall are seen 
on either side of the hjpocaust room, all the walls of which- 
are built of yellow tiles, eleven inches in length. The con- 
crete bottom is laid under the blocks and tiles. Beyond the 
first half the fire action had been most destructive to the 
tiles, and this poi-tion appears to have been paved with 
tesserse of cubes of tile one inch or more square. 

The cross fines, where they penetrated the south wall, 
had been blocked up with masonry, a.nd the soil a.bove the 
debris of a fallen fioor was dark earth, in which was found 
Upchurch pohtei"y, a coin of Antoninus Pius with a hole 
bored through it as if to suspend it by, and a minimus of 
Constantine. The evidences are in favour of its being used 
by the Saxons, when the fire-fiues were blocked up. 

It will be impossible to say, from the portions of this villa 
already excavated, of what size it is likely to prove. At 
present we seem to have met only with the buildings con- 
nected with the bath, and these are not of large size, but we 
have not yet found the entrance, nor the atrium. The build- 
ings discovered appear to have been those at the north-eastern 
extremity of the villa. Traces of wails some yards to the 
south are indicated by the trial probe of iron, and foundations 
of walls are discernible in the arable field some hundred 
yards or more south-east of the present excavation. The 
bath with tessellated sides,* and the two tessellated floored 
rooms adjoining, bespeak a villa of the better sort. 

The situation is that usually selected by the Romans : 
a spot sheltered from the east and north winds, and open to 
the south-west. A beautiful spring of water, that of Wing- 
ham Well, runs close by and turns a water-mill beyond. At 
Tckham, the adjoining parish, and almost within sight of 
this spot, another Roman villa exists. It is hoped that suf- 
ficient funds will be found to make a thorough exploration 
of this villa. 

* For an example of similar mural decoration, found near Caistor, Mr. Eoach 
Smith refers us to Artis's Durobrivm Identified. 



( 11.0 ) 



ON THE PR/EMONSTRATENSIAN ABBEY OF 

ST. RADEGUND, BRADSOLE IN POLTON, 

NEAR DOVER. 

BY W. H. ST. JOHN HOPE, B.A. 

The Prsemonstratensian Order of Canons Regular derives 
its name from Premontre in France, wliere it was founded 
in 11 20 by St. Norbert, Bishop of Magdeburg. Its members 
were sometimes called Norbertiues, after their founder, or 
White Canons, from the colour of their habit. 

The order was first introduced into England in 1143 by 
the foundation of the Abbey of SS. Mary and Martial at 
Newhouse, Lincolnshire, and at the suppression of the 
monasteries in 1538 its houses were thirty-six in number. 

Of these, two were in Kent, viz., the Abbey of SS. Maiy 
and Thomas of Canterbury, at West Langdon, which was 
colonized from Leiston in 1190 ; and that of St. Radegund 
at Bradsole, colonized directly from the mother Abbey of 
Premontre in 1191, — an honour it shares with Bay ham. 

There is much confusion amongst historians as to the 
founder of Bradsole. Weever says the Abbey was founded 
by Hugh, first Abbot of St. Augustine's, who died 1124, but 
this would be prior to the introduction- of the Preemonstra- 
tensian Order into England. Philpott (p. 278) says the first 
Abbot was Hugh, who was before a monk of the Priory of 
Christ Church, Canterbury, in the reign of Stephen. 
According to Tanner,^ the foundation was due to King 
Richard I, or Geoffry, Earl of Perche, and Maud his wife, or 
" some other charitable and pious persons." 

The early history of this Abbey is somewhat obscure. 

Shortly after its foundation it appears to have fallen into 

great distress, for the General of the Order proposed to 

unite the Abbeys of Bradsole and Langdon. There seems 

* JSfotitia Monastica, 



ST. radegtjnd's abbey. 141 

also to have been, in 1207 (9 John), a design of translating 
it to River, near Dover. 

After the settlement of its troubles, St. Eaclegund's 
increased in wealth and reputation ; and many were the 
notable personages who desired to be buried in its church 
after their decease. 

In September 1302, King Edward I received the Great 
Seal with his own hands in the King's Chapel^ at St. 
Radegund's ; and delivered it to William Greenfield, his 
chaneellor.f 

Little or nothing has come down to us of the later 
history ; but, towards the end of the fifteenth century, a ray 
of light is thrown upon it from a Visitation Book, J between 
the years 1472-1501, of Richard Redman, Bishop of St. 
Asaph, § and Commissary-General of the Prsemonstratensian 
Order in the British Isles. 

We have not space for the entire series of visitations, but 
it is evident that successive Abbots and Priors had allowed 
the buildings to fall into a sad state of decay. In ] 482 the 
Visitor reports : 

Aug. 31. Distinctissime precipimus Abbati ut pro toto posse 
et oinni celeritate reparare et sustentare festinet tain Ecclesiam 
claustrum quam omnes alias domos interiores et exleriores que vero 
modo verisiinile usque ad terrain ruitura videutur. 

Fratres a mane usque ad vesperam faciaut opus in ortis 
(? hortis). 

Doubtless this latter mandate points to the incompati- 
bility of devotion and meditation with the noise and bustle 
of building operations. 

In 1488, the Abbot is again urged to hasten on the 
reparation of the buildings, and a list of the names of 
the brethren is given : 

Henricus, abhas ; Thos. Raypese, 'prior; Will. Kyrkeby ; 

* Perhaps one of the chapels in the church, which had been endowed by 
one of the three previous sovereigns. 

f Lord Campbell's Lh-cs of the Lard Chancellors, i., 182. 

X Ashmolcan Library, Oxford, MS. 1519. 

§ The Order was exempt from all episcopal jurisdiction, and Bishop Eedman 
was Commissary-General, not from his cffice, but because when first appointed 
he was Abbot of the Monastery of 8. Mary Magdalene at Shap, in Westmore- 
land. 



142 ON THE PHiEMONSTRATENSIAN ABBEY OF 

Tliom. Canterbury ; Thorn. Howlett, vicarms ; Robt. John- 
son, vicarius ; Will. Heysted ; Dominiis Jiigerinus, quondam 
ahbas j Joh. Newyngton ; Rich. Belton ; Will. Bylloke ; 
Thorn. Martyn. 

Three years later, the following are the Nomina 
Canonicorum : Dominus Johannes Newyngton, ahhas ; 
Dominus Jugeriiuis Franceys, quondam ahhas (Vicarius de 
River) ; Fr. Willielmus Kyrkeby, supprior ; Fr. Thomas 
Howlett, vicarius de Schepivold j Fr. Thomas Canterbury ; 
Fr. Willielmus Wyngham, presbiter ; Fr. Edmundus Nor- 
wich, preshiter ; Fr. Gylbertus Babram, accolitus. 

The indefatigable Leland also visited (in another sense) 
the Abbey a few years before its suppression, and recorded :* 

" S. Radigundis standeth on the toppe of a hille iij litle niyles 
by west and sumwhat by sowth from Dovar. There be white 
chanons and the quier of the chyrche is large and fayr. The 
monastery ys at this time netely mayntayued, but yt appereth that 
yu tymes past the buildings have bene ther more ample than tliey be 
now. There ys on the hille fayre wood, but fresch w^ater lakyth 
sumtyme." 

The Abbey was suppressed in 1538, with tbe lesser 
monasteries ; its clear annual value being £98 9s. 2id. ; and 
its total value £142 8s. 9d. The house was then under the 
rule of Thomas Dale, j)rior ; the abbacy being vacant.f 

The sitej was granted by the King to Archbishop 
Cranmer, but shortly afterwards returned by him to the 
King, by way of exchange. Leases for lives were subse- 
quently granted to various tenants, but Hasted's account of 
the grant to the Earl of Essex, and its forfeiture, is an error. 
Queen Elizabeth, by deed dated Jan. 31st, in the 32nd year 
of her reign, sold and granted the Abbey and its appur- 
tenances to Simon Edolph in fee, he having previously been 
a. lessee for life. This grant and the subsequent title-deeds 
are now at Pett Place, Charing. Simon Edolph altered 
the buildings and resided there. The flint chequer-work, 

* Itin., vii., p. 127. 

f Or perhaps the Abbot, like his brethren at Glastonbury. Reading, etc., 
refused to surrender the Abbey, and was turned adrift in the world without 
losing his life, as they did. 

J For these notes I am indebted to the owner of St. Radegund's, John 
Sayer, Esq., of Pett Place, Charing. 



ST. RADEGUND, BRADSOLE, NEAR DOVER. 143 

and the picturesque porch and carved door on the north side 
of the Fratry, are his work. The Abbey continued in the 
Edolj)h family until 1719, when it passed by purchase to 
Sir Peter Eaton ; and subsequently, by marriage with one 
of his descendants in 1750, to George Sayer of Pett Place, 
Charing, Kent; whose great-grandson, John Sayer of the 
same place, is the present owner. 

The remains of the Abbey occupy a prominent position, 
on a hill, about three miles eqvii-distant from Dover and 
Folkestone, Visitors are doubtless familiar with the ivy- 
clad ruins of what has hitherto been called the gatehouse, 
but which is really the tower ; also with the remains of 
the nave, transept, chaj)ter house, cellarer's buildings, and 
the refectory, with its quaint sixteenth-century alterations. 
The extent of the church was, however, quite unknown ; 
and in order to ascertain this point excavations were com- 
menced, in the spring of 1880, by myself and Mr. Richard 
Ussher ; the cost being defrayed by the owner, assisted by 
Canon Jenkins, Mr. Robert Furley, and others. 

Operations were commenced on March 29th with four 
men, and the first day's work sufficed to discover and lay 
bare the foundations of the east end of the church. In the 
course of the next three days the whole of the walls of the 
eastern arm and transept, excepting a small portion of the 
south aisle where a tree intervened, had been traced out. 
The east and south w^alls of the chapter house were also 
defined and the extent of the infirmary hall. Many of the 
doors and other details had become obscured by the accumu- 
lation of soil and debris ; this was removed, and part of the 
tower area cleared, to shew the bases of the arches. The 
arch, from the latter into the transept, had been much 
mutilated and then blocked up ; the material was all removed 
and many of the stones found to be portions of tombs, 
floriated Transitional or early English capitals, and arch 
voussoirs with dog-tooth ornament. A beginning was also 
made on the extreme western range of buildings, but this 
portion still needs excavating. 

In the following November, the balance of the excavat- 
ing fund having been increased by a grant from the Kent 



144 ON THE PRyEMONSTRATENSIAN ABBEY OF 

Arcliseological Society, operations were resumed, binder Mr. 
Ussher's superintendence ; the work undertaken being chiefly 
the clearance of the area of the church. Amongst the more 
important discoveries were the bases of the reredoses of the 
altar of our Lady and of the high altar ; together with the 
base and part of the platform of the high altar itself. In 
the middle of the choir was also found the rough foundation 
of the base of a tomb ; in all probability that of Thomas de 
Poynings, who, by will dated 6 Edw. Ill, directed his body 
to be buried in the Abbey of St. Radegund's, " q'est de ma 
fundacion droit en my le coer devant le haut alter ;" and a 
tomb to be placed over his grave with the image of a knight 
thereon made of alabaster. John Criol of Lympne, by his 
will dated 1504, directs his body to be buried in this church, 
next to the sepulchre of Bertram de Criol, in the high 
chancel. 

During both excavations numerous tiles and other orna- 
mental details, such as mouldings, fragments of carved 
work, and portions of tombs, and marble shafts and capitals, 
were discovered ; all of which are carefully preserved at 
the Abbey. 

The whole of the existing buildings date from the 
foundation in 1191, and are of the earliest type of pointed 
architecture. Much of the work is exceedingly simple in 
design, and in some parts plain to a degree. There is 
also a marked absence of ornamental details, although the 
beautiful fragments discovered shew that some portions 
of the buildings, at any rate, were adorned with carved 
work. The walls are of flintwork with ashlar quoins. The 
jambs, etc., of windows, doors, and arches, are also of ashlar. 

The ground-plan exhibits a long and narrow church, 
consisting of an eastern limb of six, with aisles of four, 
severies; north and south transepts, each of two severies, 
one severy opening into the choir aisle, the other into a 
square eastern chapel; and an aisleless nave of four se- 
veries, having on its north side a square tower with singular 
east and west adjuncts. On the south of the nave is the 
cloister quadrangle, with the chapter house, parlour, and 
common house on its eastern side ; on the south the 







^ 



ST. RADEGUND, BRADSOLE, NEAR DOVER. 145 

refectory above an undercroft, and tlie kitchen, etc. ; and 
on the west the cellarer's buildings of two stories. From 
this there extends westwards a long series of chambers, 
perhaps part of the accommodation for guests. The infirmary- 
lies to the south-east. 

Of the Abbey Church considerable remains exist. The 
nave walls, and the west and south walls of the transept 
are more or less entire, and the north tower with its wings 
is still standing^ to a heio^ht of 40 or 50 feet. The eastern 
limb was laid bare during the excavations. 

The most singular feature about the church is the 
tower. Instead of being placed over the crossing or at 
the west end as is more usual, it stands on the north side 
of the nave, at a distance of six feet from the west wall 
of the transept. This peculiar position has a parallel in 
several Kentish churches, e.g., Rochester Cathedral, Offham, 
Orpington, Thanington, Dartford, Chelsfield, Brookland, 
St. Mildred's in Canterbury, Godmersham ; but a singularity 
here is the addition of a flanking wing on the east and west 
side.'^ 

It is difficult to find a satisfactory reason to account for 
this ; perhaps the builders adopted these means to mask the 
huge buttresses which were necessitated by the material — 
flint; or the lack of aisles to the nave rendered it desirable 
to provide a processional path through the basement. 

In suj)port of this latter theory it should be observed 
that the lowest stories of all three divisions were vaulted, 
and open into each other and into the nave and transept by 
arches, not doors, thus forming one continuous passage. It 
has been suggested that the entire block was also used for 
defensive purposes. 

Owing to the destruction of the upper part of the tower, 
the three divisions are now all of equal height, but the 
unfortunate luxuriant growth of ivy with which the whole 
is mantled makes it impossible to say whether the side 
portions retain their original altitude, or nearly so, or 

* The western tower of St. Nicholas Church, New Eomney, has a low lean- 
to aisle on each side, but not of such importance as the wings here. See Mr. 
Scott Robertson's Paper in Arch. Cant., XIII. Mr. Scott Robertson informs 
me that similar appendages are found on each side of Sandhurst tower, 

YOL. xrv. L 



146 ON THE PRyEMONSTRATENSIAN ABBEY OF 

■\vliethcr tlicy wore carried up to the same licif,^lit as the central 
portion. The latter has the loAver part of a window remain- 
ing on its northern summit, and the west wing has two 
blocked windows (visible internally) on its west side. Above 
the arch opening from the east wing into the transept is 
another of large size, now completely blocked, which may 
have been the west window of the transept before the wing 
was built. The openings visible on the north and south 
sides of the basement are comparatively modern, and did 
not exist originally. 

It has been already stated that the lowest stories of the 
tower were vaulted, but there is no staircase giving access 
to the floor above,* and at first it is not apparent how it was 
reached. There is, however, a gap in the south wall at the 
first-floor level, which proves on examination to have been a 
doorway. Now this door can only have been reached in one 
way, namely from the pulpitum, or place from which the 
gospel was sung at the high mass on festivals, the staircase 
to which thus served a double purpose, as the ascent by 
which the gospeller and epistoler gained the loft, and the 
sacrist the tower to ring the bells. 

The nave, as at Cokersand, Eggleston, Titchfield, Beau- 
chief, and other Prsemonstratensian abbeys, is without aisles. 
It has a west door, and the two usual doors opening into the 
cloister. The walls are now too much reduced in height to 
shew traces of the windows, but there must have been two 
on the north side and four on the south — these last suffi- 
ciently high up to clear the cloister roof — and probably 
a western triplet. In the middle of the north wall is a 
pointed arch (not a door) leading into the basement of the 
west wing of the tower. 

The nave opened into the crossing by an arch, supported 
on short circular shafts ending in corbels at some height 
from the floor. It is evident, from this, that the two 
screens usual in our old collegiate and monastic churches 
existed here ; the one, a solid structure of stone, beneath 
the arch of the crossing, against which the canons' stalls 

* This is a point in favour of the tower being a defensive structure. 



ST. RADEGUND, BRADSOLE, NEAR DOVER. 147 

were returned ; the other, some distance farther west 
against which was erected the rood altar between two door- 
ways. These two screens were ordinarily distinct ; the 
eastern one, the 'pidpitum, being provided with a loft, from 
which the gospel was sung, and on which the organs stood ; 
the western one merely serving as the reredos to the nave 
altar. There are instances, however, where the whole space 
between the two screens appears to have been floored over, 
and from the existence of the upper door in the tower wall 
this seems to have been the plan adopted here. The cloister 
door, owing to the absence of aisles, must have opened into 
the space between the two screens.^ 

We now come to the eastern arm, and its ritual arrange- 
ments. The stalls probably occupied the space under the 
crossing ; which would allow room for at least ten on each 
side, making, with three on either side the screen door, a 
total of twenty-six. At the east end of the stalls, beneath 
the arch, the gradus chori would be placed. Eastward of 
this, at a distance of thirty feet, our excavations disclosed 
the base of the reredos of the high altar. This base, which 
is constructed of well-built ashlar, is 1 ft. 3 in. broad, and 
extends to within 1 ft. 6 in. of the side walls. Originally, 
I think, it reached from wall to wall. Three feet distant 
from its western face is the base of the high altar itself, 
measuring 8 ft. by 2 ft. 6 in. Doubtless the reredos was 
pierced with side doors, as at St. Albans and Winchester, 
opening into the Lady Chapel behind. The Lady Chapel 
was 47 ft. long, and extends from the high-altar reredos to 
the east end. It still retains the broad base of its altar 
reredos, the west face of which is distant 1 7 ft. from the wall. 

The side walls of the presbytery appear to have been solid 
as at Eochester and St. Albans, with the ostia preshyterii in 
the most western severy. The Lady Chapel must also have 
had two side doors, opening into the aisles, to provide the 
usual processional path. 

Outside the church, opposite each of the three buttresses 

* To assist those who are not conversant with the arrangements of monastic 
churches, I have drawn a plan of the church of this Abbey, shewing the probable 
disposition of its principal fittings, etc., at the time of the Suppression. 

L 2 



148 ON THE PRiEMONSTRATENSIAN ABBEY OF 

between tlie last four severies, is to be seen a mass of masonry 
of extraordinary solidity.* These masses mark the position 
of six flying buttresses built, as at Rievaulx, to carry the 
thrust of the roof. 

The aisles to the presbytery, the north transept, and tran- 
septal chapels, do not present any remarkable features. The 
south transept, on the other hand, exhibits a most singular 
and, so far as I know, unique arrangement. It will be seen 
that the west wall has two doors, both communicating with 
the cloister. The northern one occurs at Torre, Bayham, Shap, 
and Dale — Praemonstratensian abbeys — and in most houses of 
Regular Canons ;t the southern one, however, is not found 
elsewhere, and must therefore have been for some special 
purpose. Now it was generally considered necessary that 
the dormitory, when in its normal position over the eastern 
range of buildings, should be provided with two staircases ; 
one leading directly into the church, to enable the canous to 
descend for the nocturnal offices ; the other for ordinaiy use 
in the day-time, communicating with the cloister. In the 
south wall of the transept, at the level of the first floor, is an 
irregular opening which has been formed by tearing out the 
ashlar jambs of a doorway ; and at the same floor line, ex- 
tending along the wall the width of the transept, is a row of 
holes in which have rested the ends of wooden joists ; but 
upon what did the opposite ends rest ? In the west wall, 
7 ft. 6 in. from the south-west angle, is one of the iron hooks 
from which a door has been hung, and in the south-east 
angle are the remains of an ample circular staircase, or vice, 
which was carried up to the roof of the transept, but has no 
doors opening out of its south side. Erom these data we are 
able to learn what the peculiar arrangement was, and what 
purpose it served. Across the south end of the transept was 
a screen or partition which carried a gallery. This gallery 
was reached by the circular stair, through upper and lower 

* Only shewn in outline on the plan. 

t This door is invariably found in monastic churches which are destitute of 
an aisle on the side of the nave adjoining the cloister, and was probably used to 
enable processions to pass down the cloister alley, through the western cloister 
door, and up the nave in the usual way. Other instances than those named 
above are Dorchester, Brinkburn, Bolton, and Newstead — all houses of Austin 
Canons, who frequently built churches with but one, or no aisles. 



ST. RADEGUND, BRADSOLE, NEAR DOVER. 149 

doors both in its ivest side, and had a door opening on to it 
from the room over the chapter honse, -which was either a 
part of the dormitory itself, or an intervening chamber also 
used as a passage. When the canons left their beds to go 
and say the night offices, they passed through this last-named 
door, along the gallery, down the staircase, and through a 
door in the screen to which the iron-hook belongs, into the 
church — returning to their beds by the same way. In the 
morning, when they had to descend into the cloister, they 
used the same gallery and staircase, but instead of passing 
into the church the southern of the two west doors of the 
transept admitted them into the eastern cloister-alley. 

Immediately adjoining the transept is the chapter house, 
which was a fine apartment of three bays, 34 ft. by 21 ft., 
doubtless divided into two alleys by two piers supporting the 
vaulting."^ The west and north walls are entire, but the 
others remain to the height of but a few feet. The doorway 
and its flanking windows are unfortunately blocked. 

South of the chapter house is an apartment 22 ft. long by 
12 ft. wide, which may have been the regular or common 
parlour, where conversation was allowed. t 

Running southwards from this is the common house, 
which was provided with a fire-place ; hence its other 
name — calefactory. As a modern kitchen and several 
cisterns encumber the site of this portion of the buildings, 
it is not possible to ascertain how it was reached from the 
cloister, what was its extent southwards, or whether the way 
to the " farmor}'- " and cemetery led through it. For this 
latter purpose a slype is often provided, on either side of the 
chapter house, but though at first sight this seems to have 
been the case here, it was not really so, for there is no door 
in the east end of the parlour, and the two parallel walls 
which run eastwards from it evidently belong to the 
necessarium.^ 

* This need not necessarily have been the case, but the existence of a wall 
above between the two eastern severies, seems to require a pier beneath to carry 
the weight. The chapter house at Dale was preciselj' similarly arranged. 

f The statutes of the Prajmoustratensian Order strictly enjoined silence in 
the church, cloister, refectory, and dormitory. 

J Called the " Third dormitory " at Canterbury and the " Rere-dorter " 
at Westminster. 



150 ON THE PR.EMONSTRATENSIAN ABBEY OF 

Over the whole of this eastern range the dormitory ex- 
tended, commnnicating with the church and cloister by the 
gallery and stair at its north end. Some remains of its 
western windows may be seen over the chajjter house and 
parlour. The space over the most eastern severy of the 
chapter house was divided off, by a wall, from the dormitory ; 
and perhaps served as the muniment room and treasury. 

At a distance of 47^ ft. from the east wall of the common 
house, and parallel with it, are the remains of the infirmary 
hall, which was a large apartment 47 ft. by 27 ft. This hall 
forms one side of a quadrangular court, of which the common 
house and necessarimn formed the west and north sides. The 
south side was bounded by a wall, which perhaps had a pentice 
communicating with the common house. North of the in- 
firmary was the canons' cemetery. Other portions of the 
infirmary, south of this hall, still await the spade and pick 
of the excavator. 

The cloister quadrangle, 72 ft. 3 in. by 70 ft. 5 in., is 
nearly complete ; the south-west angle being the only portion 
quite destroyed. The north wall has at present four open- 
ings, of which the most western is the procession door, and 
the most eastern the cloister door ; the other two are recent 
gaps in the masonry, which ought to be filled up. The 
east wall is quite complete, and pierced by four doors ; one 
into the transept ; a second for the quasi-daystairs ; a third 
into the chapter house, having a window on each side with 
marble jamb-shafts ; and a fourth into the regular parlour. 
On the south side is what looks like a modern farm-house, 
with a very picturesque Elizabethan porch ; but which, on ex- 
amination, proves to be the refectory or fratry. This very 
necessary apartment is, unlike the other buildings, raised 
upon an undercroft of four severies, which were vaulted with 
quadripartite groins, of which only the springers now remain. 
The easternmost severy is walled off, apparently to form a 
slype, but its entrances are now blocked. There is another 
curious feature about the refectory. While the undercroft 
is only 20 ft. wide, the apartment above it, which was the 
fratry proper, was 24 ft. wide and extended for about 42 ft. 
from the west wall of the common house. The increased 



ST. RADEGTJND, BRADSOLE, NEAR DOVER. 151 

width was gained by carrying the south wall upon arches, 
constructed between the buttresses, which have a projection 
at the base of 9 feet. The two middle severies extend yet 
farther south, to provide the necessary space for the refec- 
tory pulpit, from which the weekly lector read during meals. 
This appendage is I believe quite complete ; but it cannot be 
made entirely visible without sweeping away several of the 
many partitions, which now block up the interior. The 
buttery and kitchen were placed at the west end of the f ratry, 
with an undercroft beneath, in continuation of the one still 
existing. This undercroft was most likely used as cellar- 
age ; hence its being provided with an entrance archway on 
its south side wide enough for carts to enter from the outer 
or base court. This part of the Abbey is unfortunately much 
destroyed, and it is difficult to say how the refectory and 
other buildings above the undercroft were approached. The 
west wall of the cloister is only standing for a portion of its 
length, but retains the lower courses of the jamb of a door 
opening into the western range of buildings."^ With the 
exception of the south-east angle, this range is fairly complete 
on the ground floor. It is divided by a cross wall into two 
apartments. The north one is lighted by a single lancet in 
the north end, and two others on the west. There is also a 
doorway into the Abbey precinct, and another in the south 
wall into the southern apartment. This latter is twice as 
long as the other, its dimensions being 49 ft. by 19 ft. 9 in. 
In its east wall is a fire-place, and opposite this a row of four 
elegant lancets. These lancets are square-headed, but those of 
the north chamber are pointed. A most effective feature is 
the segmental rear-vault over each light. The windows 
were not glazed, but protected by iron bars, and furnished 
with shutters. Beyond the group of lancets is a considerable 
interval of blank wall ;t then, quite in the angle, a doorway 
with a small spying-loop on the right. The north wall has the 
remains of a square almery or niche. The upper range, 
which I think was gained by a staircase in the south- 

* This door appears to have been inserted by Simon Edolph in lieu of the 
Early English one. 

t Caused by the western extension abutting here. 



152 ST. EADEGUND, BRADSOLE, NEAR DOVER. 

west ctamLer, is nearly all destroyed ; its floor was supported 
by beams, not by groining. The north gable, however, re- 
mains, and portions of the west windows, which were pointed 
lancets. From the good character of the work in this block, 
as well as the existence of a fire-place and outer doors, it 
seems most reasonable to suppose we have here the cellarer's 
buildings ; the larger apartment being the hall of the guests. 
The smaller room has been conjectured to be the forensic 
parlour. 

Extending westwards, from the south end of this range, 
is a long series of small chambers. These may have formed 
part of the cellarer's lodgings for guests. Only a portion of 
this building has been excavated. 

It only remains to mention in our survey the outer or 
base court. There are some fragments of buildings on the 
east side, but on the south we have a very perfect specimen 
of a tithe barn. This is, like the rest of the Abbey, of twelfth 
century date, with long narrow slits widely splayed within in 
its ends. The projecting entrance porch is in the middle of 
its north side, and has had a living room over it, with a fire- 
place, gained by a stair. The roof does not appear to be 
original. 

There are also remains of two gatehouses. One stands a 
few paces to the north of the church and retains some traces 
of the almonry and porter's lodge. The other is placed south- 
east of the Abbey at a distance of about 200 yards. 

The accompanying ground-plan was drawn by me from 
measurements taken during the progress of the excavations. 

Dimensions of the Buildings, 

Church — total interior length — 183| ft. x 26\ ft. ; width 

across transept 98| ft. 
Cloister— 721 ft. x 70i ft. Chapter House— 34 ft. x 21 ft. 
Parlour— 22 ft. x 12 ft. Common House—? 52^ ft. x 22 ft. 
Cellarer's Buildings— 24 ft. x 19^ ft., and 49 ft. x 19f ft. 
Eefectory— 42 ft. x 24 ft. Infirmary Hall— 47 ft. x 27 ft. 
Infirmary Court — 54 ft. x 46^ ft. 



( 153 ) 



EICHARD TICHBOURNE'S HOUSE OF 
CllIPPENDEN, IN COWDEN. 

BY THE REV. W. A. SCOTT ROBERTSON. 

The fine old mansion called Crippenden, or Crittenden,* in the 
parish of Cowden, was built by Mr. Richard Tichbourne, in 1G07. 
The annexed view, of the interior of its panelled Hall, is reduced 
from au admirable drawing made by Mr. J. F. Wadmore, and kindly 
contributed by him to Archwologia Gantiana. 

Over the mantelpiece there are two series of inscriptions. One, 
which ran closely beneath the cornice of the ceiling, is now imper- 
fect ; it commenced thus : " These be the names of y*^ children of 
Richard Tichbourn, born before y*^ building of this house, 1607 
. . . ." The names have disappeared. The other inscription runs 
immediately above the mantelshelf, and is arranged in double lines, 
regardless of the rhymes which ought to terminate each line. 

("WHEN WE ARE DEAD | AND 

( LAYD IN GRAVE ] AND THAT 

( OURE BONNES BE ROTTEN | 

( BY THIS SHALL WE | REMEMBRED 

C BE I WHEB ELSE WE WHER 

(.FORGOTTEN | AN" DOM. 1607. 

Within the spandrels of the carved mantelpiece are the initials 
R. T. and D. T., for Richard Tichbourne and Dorothy his wife. 

The fire-back was made at the Tichbournes' iron foundry here, 
during the lifetime of John Tichbourne (the father of Richard), 
whose initials appear upon it in the left-hand corner at the top, 
while the initials of Richard and Dorothy are twice repeated, in the 
corners at the bottom. A cannon, cast at the foundry of John 
Tichbourne, here, is still preserved on land adjacent to the Rectory. 

Over the centre of the fireplace, is carved the armorial coat of 

* Hasted, History of Kent (8vo ed.), iii., 206, says, " The Manor of St. John 
of Jerusalem .... is now with the ancient mansion of Crittenden, in the 
possession of Mrs. Sophia Streatfeild, the widow of Thomas Streatfeild of Oxsted, 
Esq." The Post OfBce Directory of Kent for 1862 likewise spells this place 
Crittenden. On the Tithe Map of the parish, however, and on that of the 
Ordnance Survey, the name is spelt Crippenden. It may be identical with the 
Manor of Grippindenne which was purchased by Godfrey le Waleys in A.D. 
1311. {Arch. Cant., XL, 3i7.) Perhaps it came to Richard Martin as the 
portion of his wife, a Wallis ; and passed with Martin's daughter to her husband, 
John Tichbourne of Edenbridge. 



154 RICHARD TICHBOURNE S HOUSE OF 

the Tichbournc family : — Vair, on a chief o/', a crescent for dif- 
ference. The 8ame coat in emWazoncd upon an escutcheon on the 
wall. 

An offshoot of the ancient Hampshire family of Tichbourne 
settled in Edeubrid<j;e during, or soon after, the reign of Henry VI. 
One John Tichbourne then married the daughter and heir of llichard 
Martin* of Edenbridge ; her mother was an heiress named Wallis. 
The sons issuing from this match (Morice, Nicholas, and Martin) 
quartered the arms of Martin (argent, a chevron gules between 3 
talbots passant sahle) and "Wallis {gules, a fess eronine').^ Crip- 
penden had probably belonged to the heiress of "Wallis. 

Of the sous of Morice Tichbourne, llichard, the eldest, seems to 
have had no sons. He contributed £5 towards the royal loan levied for 
Henry VIII in 1542 ; and his daughters Margaret and Mary Tich- 
bourne married Bertram Calthrop and Thomas Potter respectively. 
Eichard Tichbourne's granddaughter, Dorothy Potter, became the 
wife of Sir John, son of Sir George Rivers, of Chafford. 

John, a younger son of Moi'ice Tichbourne, probably settled 
first at Cowden. At all events, his second son (likewise named 
John), who resided at Cowden, but was not buried there, was the 
father of Eichard Tichbourne who built Crippenden House ; and 
of Eobert Tichbourne, of London, citizen and skinner, whose son, 
Sir Eobert, became Lord Mayor in 1657. 

The second John Tichbourne's elder brother (uncle of the 
builder of Crippenden) was named Morice after his grandfather. 
The pedigree of this Morice Tichbourne appears in the Herald's 
Visitation of 1574. The brothers Morice and John seem to have 
married sisters, Jane and Mary, daughters of Thomas Challoner of 
Lyndfield. 

With courteous kindness, the Eev. E. A. Tindall, Eector of 
Cowden, has carefully copied from his parish registers every legible 
entry relating to the Tichbourne family, J Hence we know that 

* Richard Martin was the son of Thomas Martin ; and the nephew of John 
Martin, a Justice of the Common Pleas 1420-36. In Edenbridge Church a tomb 
commemorates both Richard Martin and his father. 

t Harleian MS. 1548, fol. 123. On the tomb of Thomas Potter (ob. 1611) in 
Westerham Church, these quarterings of his wife, Mary Tichbourne, are impaled 
with the quartered coat of Potter. 

% EXTRACTS FROM PARISH REGISTERS OF COWDEN ; WHICH 

COMMENCE IN A.D. 1566. 

{Communicated by tlie Bev. B. Abbey Tindall.) 

1567, baptized Robert Ticliburne the 5 of October. 
1569, baptized John Tichburne the 27 of November. 



CRIPPENDEN, IN COWDEN. 155 

George Tichbourne, gentleman, a brother of John Tichbourne, was 
buried there in 1614 ; and that Eobert, John, and Martin Tich- 
bourne (younger brothers of the builder of Crippenden) were bap- 
tized there in 1567, 1569, and 1573 respectively. 

The builder of Crippenden, Eichard Tichbourne, was, no doubt, 
born before the year 1566, in which the registers commence. He 
married Dorothy, daughter of John Saxbie, and by her had tezi 
children, five sons and five daughters. He lived until 1637, and was 
then buried at Cowden on the 18tli of October. His wife did not 
long survive him ; she was interred at Cowden on the 25th of April 
1640. 

Two of Eichard Tichbourne's sons (John and Benjamin) died 
young, in 1605. Nine years later another son of his was likewise 
ba])tized John in 1614. 

The eldest son Thomas, who was 25 years of age in 1619, was 
apprenticed to his uncle Eobert, of London, citizen and skinner, on 
May 1, 1607 ; as Mr. Wadmore kindly informs me. He was 
buried at Cowden in 1642, and the register does not mention any 
wife or children of his. 

1572, buried John Tichburne the 30 of March. 

1573, baptized Martin Tichburne the 28 of June. 
1592, baptized Friswid Tichburne 4 of Februarie. 
1595, baptized Anne Tichburne the 10 of August. 
1598, baptized Richard Tichburne the 9 of Aprill. 

At the end of the entries for a.d. 1600 the register is signed by 

Richard Tichbourne,") ^<^...,.^^..^n,.r^^r,^ 
John Knight, ] Chuichwardens. 

1601, baptized Beniamin Tichburne the 29 of March. 

1603, Dorothy the daughter of Rychard Tichborne was baptized the viij*** 
day of January. 

1605, Beniamyn the sonne of Rychard Tichborne gentle, was buryed the 
xxij"» day of July. 

1605, John the sonne of Rychard Tichborne gent, was buried the xiiij"' 
day of August. 

1607, Marie the daugliter of Richard Tichborne gentleman was baptized 
the xxvij"* day of September. 

1611, baptized Joanna the daughter of Richard Tichborne gent, the ii of 
August. 

1614, baptized John the sonne of Rychard Tichborne gent, the iij of July. 

161-1, buried George Tichborne gentlema' the 8"' of September. 

1616, Thomas Wickenden and Friswide Tichborne was maried {sic) the xvj"^ 
day of December 1616. 

1637, buried Richard Titchborne sen' gent. October y^ IS*''. 

(Seven entries of baptisms in 1639 are illegible, also four entries in 16-10.) 

1640, buried Dorothy Titchboume widd. j" relict of Rich. Titchbourne sen. 
gent. Aprill y« 25"*. 

1642, buried Thomas Titchborne gent. August y<= 22*''. 

1644, baptized Joanna y'^ daugh. of Richard Tichborne gent. July 21"*. 

1644, baptized John y"^ sonne of Jo. Titchborne gent. March y'^ 6"'. 

1646, buryed flfrances y^ wife of Richard Titchbourne gent. Jan. 4*''. 

1648, buryed Richard Titchbourne gent. Nov. 2V\ 



156 HOUSE OF CRIPPENDEN, IN COWDEN. 

The second son was named Richard, after his father. Born in 
April 1598, he married a lady whose christian name was Frances ; 
and they had a daughter christened Joanna in 1614. His wife, 
however, died in 1G4G, and lie himself was buried here in 1G18. 

The third sui-viving son of the builder of Crippenden was his 
youngest boy, John Tichbourne, whose son of the same name was 
baptized at Cowden in 1644-5. 

Mr. AV^admore had believed that Sir Robert Tichbourne, who was 
Lord Mayor in 1657, had resided at Crippenden. The registers, 
however, and the pedigrees* make no mention of him whatever. At 
my suggestion, Mr. Wadmore has kindly made further search among 
the records of the Skinners' Company. The result shews that the 
Lord Mayor was a Londoner ; not a Kentish man by birth. He 
was a nephew of the builder of Crippenden ; being the son of 
Robert Tichbourne, of London, citizen and skinner. The future 
Lord Mayor was apprenticed, on the 4th October 1631, to Gilbert 
"Ward, citizen and skinner. 

Crippenden is now the property and the residence of John 
Thomas Morton, Esq. 

It is remarkable that no mention is made of Crippenden, nor of 
the Tichbournes of Edenbridge and Cowden, by Philipot, nor by 
Harris in his History of Kent, nor by Hasted in the folio edition of 
his History of Kent. Only in the later, octavo, edition of his book 
does Hasted insert the short notice which I have quoted in a note 
at the beginning of this paper. 

* Harleian MS. 1548, fol. 123, and Berry's Genealogies of Kent, p. M\. 



( 157 ) 



ADISHAM CHUECH. 

BY THE HEV. H. MONTAGU VILLIERS. 

The history of Adisham dates back to a.d. 616, when we find that 
the Manor o£ Adisham or Edisham was given by Eadbald, King of 
Kent, son of King Ethelbert, to the Monks of Christ Church, 
Canterbury, " ad cibum," free from all secular services and fiscal 
tribute except the well-known " trinoda necessitas," the exception 
usually made in all the Saxon grants of church lands. This explains 
the L. S. A. which frequently occurs in the grants made to the 
church of Canterbury, where, instead of enumerating the privileges 
and liberties intended to be granted, it was usual to insert the 
letters L. S. A., that is, " Libere Sicut Adisham." 

The church itself is full of architectural interest. It is cruciform, 
with a central tower, and has been admirably restored in 1869 
under the direction of William White, Esq., E.S.A.; and it may 
be here mentioned as of special interest to the Kent Archaeological 
Society that their former Secretary, T. Godfrey Faussett, Esq., gave 
great attention to the work of restoration throughout its whole 
progress. A painted glass window has been placed to his memory in 
the chancel bearing the following inscription written by the Ven. 
Archdeacon Denison : — 

" Thomae Gr. Godfrey Eaussett Cantuariensis A.M. Coll : Corp : 
Ch : Oxonife olira socii viri penitus exquisiti et perspecti ingenii qui 
pro suo erga christum amore, operi hujus domus renovandse reficiendse 
que, Sagaciter et diligenter incubuit Posuit Amicus mdccclxxyii." 

The church is dedicated to the Holy Innocents, and one of the 
first features to attract attention is the fall from the west door to 
the first steps of the altar, the descent to the floor of the nave is by 
four steps ; the floor itself then falls by a slight incline to the 
chancel, into which there is a further descent by two steps. It will 
be remembered perhaps by some how Duraudus, "speaking of churchea 
so built, says that it was done " to denote the greater humility of the 
clergy : " in a more prosaic age we are inclined to attribute it to 



158 ADISHAM CHURCH. 

siicli cluirt'lies being, as is the case at Adisham, built on tlie slope of 
a hill, and following the natural fall of the grouftd. 

Examining the church more closely, we see at once traces of 
Norman work in the lower stage of the tower, and tlie north-west 
angle has the remains of an original vaulting shaft, the drip courses 
shewing the position of the roofs of the Norman church still remain 
beneath the present roofs. About a.d. IIGO the arches of the tower 
were rebuilt in a pointed form, with square soffites slightly recessed ; 
the present nave was apparently built at the same time ; then came 
the building of the chancel and of a north aisle parallel with the 
nave, which evidently gabelled over three early pointed windows in 
its east wall, and so included the space formerly occupied by the 
north transept of the Norman church. There were three lancet 
windows in the length of its north side wall, two of which remain. 

To connect the nave with the north aisle there is a pointed arch 
with plain soffite and chamfered quoins, and over this is a small 
lancet window of a date slightly previous to the erection of this 
aisle, being then of course an external window. In the jambs of the 
window are two painted figures in frescoe — the one crowned, and 
with three arrows in his hand, is undoubtedly St. Edmund ; the other 
represents a bishop in the act of blessing. The west wall of this aisle 
is abutting to the wall of the nave, shewing that the nave itself is 
of earlier date. 

The chancel was built on a grand scale in the twelfth century and is 
very beautifully proportioned ; it contains thirteen lancet windows, 
the triplet at the east end being graduated. All these windows are 
now filled with stained glass, the execution of w-hich has been 
entrusted to Messrs. Lavers, Barraud, and Westlake, and has been 
admirably carried out.* 

The next change of importance was the rebuilding of the south 
transept in the thirteenth century, and the restoration of the north 
transept by cutting across the eastern half of the aisle already 
mentioned and throwing up its gable flush with the north wall, and 
the insertion of the lofty three-light traceried window in the place 
of the third lancet light. The history of this architectural change 
may be very distinctly read in the roof, the arrangement of which 
is very interesting. The south transept has a gabled projection on 

* A very beautiful window, the work of the same firm, has also been placed 
in the nave to the memory of the late Lady Victoria Villiers, wife of the present 
Rector, and daughter of John first Lord Russell, "by two who loved her, and wish 
gratefully to acknowledge her gentle influence on their lives." 










Wtntfeiriaxi SrB3iS5.I'hctp'-J^tt/u>,LoTidoTi. 



ADISHAM CHURCH. 159 

its eastern wall, forming internally a recess for an altar, near to 
wticli is a piscina richly moulded and cusped. 

In the recess stands a very remarkable specimen of early 
mediaeval wood-frame work ; it has two massive oak posts with 
carved tops, and these posts have been morticed in front as though 
to receive other frame work or a cauopy. It was brought to this 
church from Canterbury Cathedral by Archdeacon Battely. In 
between the posts was a painting of the four Evangelists on a thin deal 
board, which on being removed revealed the original rich diaper work 
on which there had been evidently figures of the four Evangelists, 
which at some time had been chipped off, and the deal board and its 
paintings (now placed at the foot of the structure) fastened over 
the diaper background. This woodwork is undoubtedly amongst 
the oldest extant in England, and is of special interest to archaeo- 
logists. Before this recess is the stone coffin of Thomas de Upton, 
Eector in a.d. 1290 ; the brass has been removed, but the beautiful 
impression of the cross remains. 

The western half of the north aisle is divided from its eastern 
half, which, as we have seen, has now become the north transept, by 
a skreen of timber framing which reaches to the height of the walls 
and then is carried up to supjiort the roofs of aisle and transept at 
their intersection, the lower part being filled with panels and tracery. 
There is a doorway in the centre of this skreen, but no indication 
of its having been enclosed with doors. 

In the fourteenth century the piers of the tower needed strength- 
ening, they were accordingly under-pinned and partially rebuilt and 
supported by other massive piers, these were weathered into the form 
of buttresses, and a sub-arch of segmental pointed form was in- 
troduced beneath the old pointed arches to aff'ord a counter thrust 
to the piers. The sub-arch between the tower and chancel was 
removed at the restoration in a.d. 1869, to the great improvement of 
the interior effect of the church. 

At this period (fourteenth century) the old windows of the nave, 
except the one already spoken of which opens into the aisle, were 
taken out, and windows of the Decorated period were inserted, they 
were placed in somewhat difierent positions in the nave ; the stone 
work of the old south doorway inside and out was likewise removed, 
and the opening built up with flint ; the large west doorway was 
now made. In certain lights the outlines of the old windows and 
door may still be traced in the flint work. The cradling which sup- 
ports the bell cage appears to be of the same date, blocking as it does 



160 ADiSHAM cnuRcn. 

the small windows of the middle stage of the tower. An ugly 
upper stage, void of windows, was added to the tower several 
eeuturies later and Hnrmounted by a battlemejited parapet ; on re- 
moving this to build the ])resent pyramidal roof the rotten wall 
plates were found, shewing that such a roof had originally crowned 
the tower. 

There are four bells, on three of them are inscribed the words, 
" Thomas Palmer made me Peter du Moulin U.D. Hector of Adis- 
ham 1(570 ; " and on the fourth or large tenor bell is the following, 
" Magdalena nonien campana certe melodiic." 

The pavement at the time of restoration was in a very dilapidated 
condition, but the mediaeval encaustic tiles scattered over the church 
have been collected, and sufficient were found to make up some very 
perfect patterns of the original design ; they are now laid within the 
sanctuary. A few fragments of the old chancel skreen remained, 
and they have been carefully retained, the rest of the new skreen 
being worked up from what was left. The colour of the woodwork 
sufficiently indicates to the antiquary the old and the new work. A 
long account is given in Blomfield's ' History of the Martyrs' of a 
dispute between Mr. Bland, Rector of Adisham (afterwards burnt 
by Thornden, Bishop Suffragan of Dover) and Mr. Austen, churcb- 
warden of Adisham in 1553, in which reference is made to part of 
the old skreen. 

The old bench table is still found running round the walls of the 
nave, a seat of wood has been placed upon it, and it now serves as a 
bench for the children. 

The font is the old Norman font of the original church ; it is 
square and of simple form, with a central shaft and four pillars. 

There are a few points of interest to be noted in the Registers. 
The baptismal registers begin in the year a.d. 1539, they are, how- 
ever, copied by one William Smith to the year a.d. 1598, the copied 
pages being witnessed to by Jno. Oxenden. 

It is noted that in 1570 Valentine Austen " dyed of ye plage," 
and the same misfortune befell James Austen in 1572. 

Against the year 1625 are found the words, " Anno prime regis 
Caroli quern Deus pro iufinita sua dementia quam diutissime in- 
eolumem conservet ad ejus gloriam et ad hujus reipublica^ flurentis- 
sime tutelam." A little later we read, " 1660 May 29 King Charles 
the 2** being happily returned to his rights Dr. Du Moulin restored 
the Rectory of Adisham to Dr. Oliver the true owner of the same." 
But on Oct. 20 " Dr. Oliver dyed at Oxford and Peter du Moulin 



ADISHAM CHURCH. 



161 



had the Rectory o£ Adishain cum Staple collated upon him by my 
Lord Grace of Canterbury Juxon." 

In the year a.d. 1588 there were in Adisham 116 communicants, 
i.e., adults, above the age for confirmation, who were capable of 
receiving the Holy Conimuuion ; at the present time, a.d. 1881, the 
actual communicants number 168. 

Perhaps I may conclude this short paper in the following words 
of a great preacher — words of practical import to archaeologists. 
Speaking of just such noble churches as this which I have been de- 
scribing he says : '* We have not lost all while we have the buildings 
of our forefathers. Happy they who when they enter within their 
holy limits enter in heart into the court of heaven ! and most 
unhappy who while they have eyes to admire, admire them only for 
their beauty's sake and the skill they exhibit ; who regard them as 
works of art only not fruits of grace, bow down before their mate- 
rial forms, instead of worshipping in spirit and in truth ; count 
their stones and measure their spaces, but discern in them no 
tokens of the invisible, no canons of truth, no lessons of wisdom 
to guide them forward in the way heavenward." 




THE XOUTH SIDE 01' ADISliA.\l cm ilCU. 



TOL. XIY. 



IVI 



( 102 ) 



EOUTY TLECTORS OE ADISHAM.* 

BY THE REV. W. A. SCOTT ROBERTSON. 

Masteb RicnARD was Rector in 12S5 (Peckham's Refjiatei^^o). 

Thomas de Upton, who held this benefice in 128S, was ordained 
priest at Croydon in March 1288-9 by Archbishop Peckham 
{Register, i3.'5^). One of the Prebendal Stalls at Winghani 
was conferred upon him in 1299, and he occupied it until 
1311. He is buried in xldisham Church. 

EiciiARD DE Norwich was Rector in February 1349-50 ; when 
•Archbishop Islip {Register, 12'') gave him permission to 
celebrate divine worship in the Rector's Manse here. 
Perhaps the church was then under repair. In September 
1356 the same Primate, at Tenham, issued a commission 
granting jurisdiction here to Ric. de Norwich and Master 
William Groudwyne '^jtiris peritus" jointly and severally 
{Register, I'^/'O- He was presented to the Prebendal Stall 
or Canonry of Pedding at Wingham in 1352. King 
Edward III appointed him a Prebendary of St. Paul's in 
1354, and Archdeacon of Norwich in 1355. He died in 
1361. 

John Codtnton made his will in 1369, desiring to be buried in 
the chapel of St. Thomas the Martyr here. ("Wittlesey's 
Register, 107'',) 

Richard de "WaemingtojST, Canon of Chilton in "Wingham College, 
whose will was proved in 1378, desired to be buried in the 
chancel here, next to the grave of Roger Dygge, who may 
have been a previous Rector. (Sudbury's Register, ioo'\) 

William Dapab was instituted, March 8, 1378-9, in succession 
to Warmington ; but he, on- the following day, effected an 
exchange with the Rector of Peushurst. He subse- 
quently became Rector of St. Mary Moisy, Friday Street, 
London ; and in 1386, Rector of Woodchurch. 

John Ovtng, Rector of Penshurst, and Canon of Pedding at 

* In 1292, the value of this benefice (with the chapehy of Staple) was 80 
marks (£53 6s. 8d.) per annum. The valuation made in 1535 puts the tithes at 
£35 14s. 8d., and the rent of glebe at 8s. per annum ; out of which income, 
£6 13s. 4d. per annum was paid to a priest serving at Staple ; 26s. 8d. for 
proxies and synodes ; and 20d. to the manor of Adisham for rent ; leaving a net 
income of £28 Is. Od. It was valued at £160 per annum in 1588, and in 1640 ; 
and at £500 in 1800. The tithes of Adisham were commuted at £719 ; and 
those of Staple at £592. The latter parish was made a separate benefice upon 
the death of Mr. Dickins in 1862. 



RECTORS OF ADISHAM. 163 

"Wingham, became Eector of Adisham March 9, 1378-9, 
by exchange. He had been Chantry Priest at Lukedale. 

John Prophet, Chaplain to Archbishop Courtenay, occupied this 
benefice for four years, from 13S2 to 1386 ; holding, also, 
a Prebendal 8tall at Wingham. He became a Prebendary 
of Lincoln in 1387, and was preferred to the Kectory of 
Orpington in 1392, but vacated it for the Deanery of 
Hereford in 1393. Enjoying the favour of King Henry IV, 
he became a Secretary of State and a Prebendary of York 
both in (G H. IV) 1404 ; and Prebendary of Leighton 
Buzzard at Lincoln in 1405. Henry V made him Keeper 
of the King's Privy Seal in 1411. In 1407 he was called 
to preside over York Cathedral ; and while Dean of York 
he died, in 141G. A very fine monumental brass marks 
his grave, in the Church of liingwood, Hants. 

"William Lte, who was Eector of Hasely, in the diocese of Lin- 
coln, obtained this benefice, May 20, 1386, by exchang- 
ing with Dr. Prophet. There is, however, another record 
of his institution in 1389, May 18. He held the Cauonry 
and Prebendal Stall of Wimelingwold at "Wingham. In 
December 1390, he exchanged that stall together with this 
benefice for the Eectoxy of Northfleet. 

Eegiis'ALD de Cobeham, one of the illustrious house of Cobham, 
became Eector, December 2, 1390, by exchange with "Wm. 
Lye. He was a brother of Thomas de Cobham of Beluncle ; 
of whose will, made in 1367, Eeginald was an executor. 
He held the Eectory of Cowling* from 1364 to 1380 and 
probably longer. In 1377 he obtained, in Salisbury 
Cathedral, the Canonry and Prebendal Stall of "Writtlyngton 
and Pordington. That dignity he exchanged in Pebruary 
1378-9 for the Eectory of IS'orthfleet, which in 1390 he 
exchanged for the Canonry of Wimelingw^old at Wingham, 
and this rectory. He died in 1402 ; and over his grave, in 
the north aisle of Cobham Church, there is a monumental 
brass representing him in a processional cope standing 
upon a long-stemmed bracket. 

John Bolde was instituted March 22, 1430-1, by Archbishop 
Chichele (jSp''). 

ViNCEKT Clement, S.T.P., who was collated November 23, 1444, by 
Archbishop Stafford (8 1"), held the benefice only a few years. 
He obtained the Prebendal Stall of Twitham at Wingham, 
which he held at his death in 1475. He likewise held 
Prebends at Hereford (1452), Lincoln (1452), and Lich- 
field (1458) ; and he was Archdeacon of Wilts, Winchester, 
and Huntingdon. 

* Another Reginald de Cobham, son of Henry 1st Lord Cobham, was Rector 
of Cowling- from 1318 to April 25, lH2o, when he is said to have died {licgist. 
Sj)irif. Rojfcn., F, folio 73^). In October 1320 this Reginald was still a minor, 
under age, and only in subdeacon's orders. Possibly Reginald the Rector of 
Adisham was born after the death of the former Reginald Cobham. 

M 2 



164 RECTORS OF ADISUAM. 

Walter Eston died in ll'A), lioldiiifj; tin's benefice. 

])a\ii) I)I,()d\vkll (liicoiiliate in Jiaws) was inHtifutod May 4, l-i56, 
by Ai'cld)i.slu)]) IJoufLjchier (63''), in succession to Eston. " 

AVfllfam Saunoir was Rector of Adishani when lie died, in 1472. 
He held the I'rebend of Chand)erlain AVood, in St. Paul's 
C^ithedral, from 1456 to 1472. 

John Parmexteh (Licentiate in Laws) was instituted March 19, 
1472-3, by Archbishop Bourf^chier (107''). He had been 
Rector of Newchurch until Eebruary 1472-3, and he held 
the Canonry of Twilham at Winghani for one month, 
June 2G to July 24, 1475. He died in 1501, and was 
buried at St. Alphege Church in Canterbury, of which he 
was then Rector. An inscription on brass commemorates 
him there. 

Dayid Williams was Rector of Adisham Avhen he died in 1491. 

Henry Cowper, Bachelor of Law, was collated here December 31, 
1491, by Archbishop Morton (151"). He obtained, in 
1493, a Canonry at Wingham, but he died in 1500, holding 
this benefice. 

Robert Woodward (Doctor in Decrees) was instituted September 
9_, 1500, by Archbishop Morton (168''). During twenty- 
six years he held the Prebeudal Stall of Retliug at 
Wingham (1505-31), but he resigned this rectory in 1523, 
when a pension of £24 per annum, out of its proceeds, 
was reserved to him, for his life. It was paid by three of 
his successors. He was Warden of All Souls' College, 
Oxford, from 1528 to 1533. While he was incumbent 
here. Archbishop Warham held his Visitation in 1511, 
when it was " presented " that the Lady Chancel was not 
tiled, and the cliurchwardeiis were directed to tile it. The 
churchyard walls needed repair, and a gutter spoiled a 
north wall of the church by its droppings. 

Thomas Welles, S.T.P., Bishop of Sido-i and Prior of St. Gre- 
gory's, Canterbury, was instituted December 7, 1523, by 
Archbishop Warham (38/5'*), whose chaplain he was, but 
he did not retain this benefice more than two years. A 
native of Hampshii-e, and a Wykehamist scholar, he 
became a Eellow of New College, Oxford, in 1484. He 
entered St. Gregory's Priory at Canterbury, and as a 
Canon there he was ordained, in June 1490, by the Bishop 
of Ely. From 1499 to 1505, he held the Rectory of 
Heyford Warren. Before 1511, he became Prior of St. 
Gregory's, and, in 1515, Bishop of Sidon. In April 1508 
he had entered on the Rectory of Chartham. He likewise 
occupied the post of Arch-presbyter in L^lcombe Church 
until he exchanged it in 1512, March 31, for a Canonry at 
South Mailing. In 1514 he was admitted A^icar of Lydd ; 
he also held the Rectory of AVoodchurch. In 1522 he 
was A'^icar of Holy Cross, Westgate, Canterbury. 

John Alesse resigned the Rectory of Adisham in 1526. 



IIECTOKS OP ADISHAM. 165 

Egbert Chalnee (Doctor of Laws) was instituted Marcli 29, 1526, 
by Archbishop AVarham (390''). He held the Prebendal 
Stall of Pedding at Wingham ; and died in 1541. 

John Bland, a Protestant martyr, succeeded Chalner. He held 
the Eetling Canoury at Wiugham from March 14, 1542-3 ; 
for which at the dissolution a pension of £6 13s. 4d. was 
awarded to him. Upon the accession of Queen Mary he 
was undisturbed here until the 3rd of September 1553, 
when John Austen took the top of the Communion Table 
of£ its tressels, and laid it aside on a chest, setting the 
tressels together. On the 26th of November Eichard and 
Thomas Austen came to him after the Communion Service 
was ended, and charging him with having pulled down 
the altar of the church (in former years), and the taber- 
nacle in which hung the rood, declared they would have 
Mass there next Sunday. Nothing of the kind, however, 
Avas done, until the 28th of December, the Feast of the 
Holy Innocents, and of the dedication of Adisham Church, 
when the Priest of Stodmarsh was intruded, to say Mass. 
The Eector, Bland, addressed the congregation at Sermon- 
time, standing in the chancel door (i.e. the door of the 
rood screen). After a considerable time, he was inter- 
rupted by'the churchwarden and the constable, who shut 
him up in a side chapel until Mass was ended. Ulti- 
mately, sureties for Bland's abstinence from px'eaching and 
duty were taken ; but at the end of February 1553-4, he 
was sent to Canterbury gaol, whence he was not permitted 
to be bailed until the 5th of May 1554. He was examined 
in the Chapter House of the Cathedral, as to his belief, 
(respecting the mode of Christ's presence in the Lord's 
Supper,) before Archdeacon Harpsfield and Commissary 
Collins, on the 18th and on the 21st of May; a multitude 
of people being present on the second day. At the Sessions, 
held in Cranbrook in July, Sir Thomas Moyle ordered him 
to be put in the stocks, and confined in Maidstone gaol. 
There he was imprisoned until February 1555, when he 
appeared in irons, at the G-reeuAvich Assizes, before Sir 
John Baker, Mr. Petit, and Mi\ Webb, who ordered him 
to be delivered to the Ordinary. He was therefore sent 
to Canterbury Castle until the 2nd of March 1554-5, 
when, in the Cathedral Chapter House, Justices Oxenden, 
Petit, Webb, and Hardres, presented him to the Bishop 
of Dover, Commissary Collins, and Mr. Mills, as one 
strongly suspected of heresy. Eemitted to Westgate 
prison, he was again brought before the Ecclesiastical 
tribunal, in the Chapter House, in March and in June, 
until he and four others were finally condemned on the 
25th of June 1555, and delivered to the secular arm 
for punishment as heretics. Accordingly, at Canterbury, 
ou the 12th of July 1555, the Eector of Adisham was 



166 RECTORS OF ADISHAM. 

burned at tlie stake. His prayer before his execution, 
and his letter to his father, ii:irratin<f the whole of the 
sad proceedings against him, during 1554-5, are preserved 
ill Fox's ' Acts and Monuments of the Church,' chapter xi. 
lliCHAEU TiiORNEDON, Bishop-sulfragau of Dover, obtained the 
benetice from which Mr. Bland had been dragged to 
prison. He had been a monk of Christ Church, Canterbury, 
receiving the ton.sure in 1512. He received Subdeacon's 
Orders March 26, 1513. At the Dissolution he was ap- 
pointed by Henry VIII, in 154-2, to the First Prebendal 
Stall in tbe Cathedral, which he held as a Protestant 
Divine througliout the reign of Edward VI. On the 
accession of Queen Mary, his Protestantism evaporated, 
and he actively persecuted his former colleagues. In Can- 
terbury Hall at Oxford he had filled the position of 
Gustos, circa 1528. He was consecrated Bishop-suffragan 
of Dover in 1545, or 154G, and he secured the benefices 
of Teuterden (1550-5), Lydd, Wrotham (1546), Bishops- 
bourne (1546), Grreat Chart, and Adishain, the last five of 
which he held when he died in 1557-8. 
William Deacon, who had been Thornedon's curate here, was 
collated March 12, 1557-8, by Archbishop Pole (76''). He 
held this benefice for 21 years, but resigned it November 
4th, 1579. 
William Smith succeeded Deacon in 1579. In his time the 
Hegisters were fair-copied upon parchment, for the sixty 
years 1539-98. He vacated this benefice in 1602. 
Maetin.Fotheebt, a younger brother of Dean Fotherby, was col- 
lated January 24, 1602-3, by Archbishop Whitgift, w^hose 
chaplain and kinsman he was. He had been a Fellow of 
Trinity Coll., Camb., Vicar of Chislet 1592-4, Eector of 
St, Mary le Bow, London, 1594 ; Rector of Chartham 
1596-1618; Canon of the Eleventh Prebendal Stall at Can- 
terbury 1596-1618. He became Chaplain to James I, and 
was Bishop of Salisbury from 1618 to March 1619, when he 
• died, and was buried in London at All Hallows, Lombard 

Street. 
Walter Balcanquell was presented to this benefice by King 
James I, and instituted by Archbishop Abbot (i., 435'') 
October 7, 1618. In 1625 he entered in the Register a 
notice of the accession of Charles I, with a prayer for his 
long life and preservation for the glory of Grod. He was 
Rector of Kingstone 1632, as well as Master of the Savoy 
in London, and had been promoted in 1624-5 to the 
Deanery of Rochester, which he held together with these 
benefices. Ultimately he became Dean of Durham in 
1639 ; and dying on Christmas-day 1645 w^as buried at 
Chirk. 
John Oliver, D.D., who succeeded Dr. Balcancjuell, became Pre- 
sident of Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1644, whence he 



RECTORS OF ADISHAM. 167 

was ejected in 1648. In 1660 he petitioned the House 
of Lords for restoration to it May 18, and for this 
rectory on June 20. The Parliamentary Committee of 
Eeligiou on January 5, 164-0-1, directed him and other 
Licensers of the Press to be summoned before them for 
licensing unorthodox books. Dispossessed by the Parlia- 
ment, in 1643, he lived just long enough to see the Restora- 
tion both of Charles II and of his own benefice. In July 
1660 he was made Dean of Worcester, but he died, at 
Oxford in October 1661. 

Peter du Moulin (whose father of the same name was a French 
Refugee for the sake of religion, whom Archbishop Abbot 
collated to a Prebendal Stall at Canterbury) succeeded his 
father in the Fourth Prebend at Canterbuiy, and was 
instituted to the Eectory of Adisham in November 1661. 
It would seem to have happened, that when Dr. Oliver 
was dispossessed, in 1643, Dr. Du Moulin became minister 
here ; although one Charles Nichols is mentioned by Lewis, 
as being dispossessed here in 1662. Du Moulin died in 
October 1684, and w^as buried at Canterbury Cathedral, 
where his wife Ann had been interred January 19, 1680. 
His curate, Mr. Eobert Dalechampe, had been buried in 
the Cloisters there on the 11th January 1678. 

John Battelt, S.T.P., who was born November 11, 1646, in the 
parish of St. James's, Bury St. Edmunds, and obtained a 
Fellowship in Trinity College, Cambridge, succeeded Dr. 
Du Moulin here November 19, 1684. In 1688, on the 5th 
of November, he was collated to the First Prebendal Stall 
in Canterbury Cathedral ; having previously been installed 
as Archdeacon of Canterbury on the 24th of March 
1687-8. It is said that he brought from the Cathedral 
that Early English carved panelling which formerly con- 
stituted the reredos of the high altar in Adisham Church, 
but is now in the south transept. He died October 10, 
1708, and was buried in the Cathedral on the 14th. 

John Geeene, S.T.P., held this benefice for eight or nine years 
from November 1708. He resigned it upon his promotion 
to the Eectory of St. Martin's in the Fields, London, in 
February 1717; whence he was preferred to the See of 
Norwich in 1721. 

Balthazar Eec+is, S.T.P., was Eector of Adisham during forty 
years, from March 1717 to January 5, 1756-7. With this 
benefice he held the Eectory of Little Mongeham and a 
Canonry at Windsor. 

Francis Walwtn, S.T.P., 1756-7. He was educated at Maidstone, 
and from the grammar school there he obtained in March 
1716-7 a Scholarship on Mr. Grunsley's Foundation at 
University College, Oxford. He became Eector of Grreat 
Mongeham, and was from 1745-57, Eector of St. Mary 
Bredman, Canterbury, with which he held (1752-6) the 



168 IIECTOIIS or ADISHAM. 

Vicarage of East Peckhani. Upon IiIh iiiatitutiou to 
Acli.sliaiii he resi<;iied East Peckhani. He lield tlie Seventh 
Prebeud in Canterbury Cathedral from 174 i until liis 
death on the 19th of May 1770. To Maidstone Church 
his body was carried for interment, and tliere his remains 
lie. 

The Hok. James Cornwallis held this benefice for five months, 
from May to October 1770, when he resigned it, and 
became a Prebendary of AVestmiuster Abbey and Hector 
of AVrotham. He had held the benefices of Ickham (17G9- 
78), and Boughton Malherb. He was appointed Dean of 
Canterbury in 1775 ; Bishop of Lichfield 1781 ; Dean 
of AVindsor 1791-4 : and he succeeded to the Earldom 
of Cornwallis in 1823. 

John Lynch, LL.D., second and youngest son of the Dean of 
Canterbury, held this benefice for ten years 1771-81. 
When Dr. llichard Palmer resigned the Fifth Prebendal 
Stall at Canterbury in 1781, it was arranged that Dr. 
Lynch should have that stall, and that Dr. Palmer's son 
should have this benefice. Dr. L3'nch, after he was a 
Canon, became likewise Archdeacon of Canterbury (1788- 
1803), and Eector of St. Dionis Backchurch, London. 
His elder brother. Sir William Lynch, K.B., was M.P. 
for Canterbury 1768, but died in 1785. Their mother 
was a daughter of Archbishop AV^ake. 

John Palmee, B.A. (who thus obtained the Rectory of Adisham 
through his father's resignation of a Canonry at Canter- 
bury), was inducted on the 29th of April 1781, and held 
the benefice during many years. 

W. W. DiCKiNS was Eector from 1818 to 1862. 

Henet Montagu Villiees, M.A. of Christ Church, Oxford, son 
of a late Bishop of Durham, was collated to this benefice 
in 1862, and held it until the end of 1881, when he was 
appointed A-^icar of St. Paul's, Kuightsbridge. 

James Haslewood Caee, M.A., and formerly a Fellow, of the 
Univei'sity of Durham, was collated to this rectory in 
December 1881. He had held the benefice of Broadstairs, 
in Thauet, from 1866 to 1881. 



( 169 ) 



PATF.ICKSBOURNE CHURCH, AND BIERONS. 

BY THE REV. W. A. SCOTT ROBERTSON. 

PATRiCKSBouEifE was iuliabited at a very early period, quite as 
thickly as it now is. This fact is proved by the number of early 
graves discovered in an extensive Saxon cemetery on Patricksbourne 
Hill, within Bifrons Park. They were situated on the east side of 
the road from Bridge to Patricksbourne, not more than 200 yards 
distant from the great Eoman road to Dover. By the favour of 
the late Marquess Conyngham the cemetery was explored under 
the auspices of the Kent Archgeological Society during the years 
1866-8.* 

The Says and the Cheneys were manorial lords here, from the 
twelfth century to the sixteenth ; and the family of Isaak possessed 
the Hothe estate, here, during the fifteenth century. In 14:50 both 
Sir John Cheney, and John Isaak " armiger, of Patrykesbourne," 
joined Jack Cade's insun*ectiou. 

A church existed here in a.d. 1086, when the Domesday Survey was 
taken ; but this place was then called simply " Bourne." Almost 
every church was rebuilt after the twelfth century commenced ; and 
the architectural details woidd lead us to believe that this church 
was rebuilt in the second half of that century. It is quite possible, 
however, that some of the earlier masonry may still remain, especially 
in the chancel. 

Early in the thirteenth century half a knight's fee here was 
given to the Priory of Augustine Canons, at Beaulieu {Bello Loco) 
in the forest of Preaulx in Normandy. Two or three canons of 
that monastery, coming here to serve the church, formed a small cell 
of Augustine Canons, as an offshoot of their priory. Thus, in 1254, 
when an Aid was granted to King Henry III, the owners of one 
knight's fee here were registered upon the Aid Eoll as " "William de 
Say and the Canons of Patrikkesbourne."t 

* Archceoloffia Cantiana, VI., 329 ; X., 298 ; XIII., 552. 

f Agues de Say carried halJE this knight's fee in dower to her husband 
Alexander Cheny. Subsequently the entire fee was held by William de Cheuy 
and the Caucus of Beaulieu. from Geoffrey de Say ; and in 1347 the Aid 



170 PATRICKSBOURNE CHURCH, AND BIFRONS. 

Four years later, on llic Vigil of St. John the Baptist a.d. 1258, 
a more convenient arrangement was made, by which this church 
was appropriated to tlie Prioi*y of Merton in Surrey ; so that from 
that time forward it was served cither by canons of Merton, or by 
chaplains presented by their priory. The Priory of Beaulieu retained 
possession of the manor here until a.d. 1410, when that, likewise, 
was alienated to Merton Priory. 

In 1317 the Latin form of the name Patricksbourne was written 
as " Bourne Patricii." We may therefore infer that before this 
manor was given to Beaulieu Priory, its owner had borne the 
surname of Patrick. When Hasted says that the owner's name was 
John de Pratellis or Pratis, he may have mistaken the abbreviated 
form in which the true name was written. 

The Tower, and its Norman Doorway. 

The most remarkable feature of this church is a richly moulded 
Norman doorway, by which it is entered, through the tower, in the 
middle of the south side of the nave aisle. It is one of the most 
richly moulded Norman doorways in Kent. Its archway is doubly 
recessed ; with cylindrical shafts, having carved capitals, in each 
recess. The mouldings springing from these shafts are nicely 
carved ; but the principal carving is lavished upon the hood-moulding 
above them, and on the tympanum below them. The tympanum 
shews our Lord in majesty ; on His right hand are three figures, 
two of whom seem to be angels ; the third, kneeling in the corner, 
does not appear to have wings. On our Lord's left hand, the figures 
are not easily distinguishable. Beneath our Lord and His attendants, 
there is a course of stone, carved with foliage and birdlike monsters. 

The mouldings of the arch-hood are very elaborate, and are 
surrounded by an edge of dog-tooth ornament. In one moulding 
pairs of circles, linked together vertically, alternate with slanting 
bands, which may perhaps be supposed to bind them to the arch. 

received from it is thus recorded : " De Roberto de Cbeny, et Canonicis Prioratus 
de Bello Loco in mauus Margarete de Boiirne ex dimissione Regis existentis, 
xls." 

The family of Bourne long retained property at Higham in Patricksbourne 
and at Boracre. In 1254 Thomas de Bourne held of William de Say, three- 
quarters of a knight's fee in Hegham ; one quarter thereof lying at Beracre. 
iSubscquently the same land was held of Geoffrey de Say, by John de Bourne 
and William de Hegham. In 1347 it had passed to the heirs of Sir Thomas 
de Bourne, jointly with James de Hegham. 

In 1254 three ladies {Jil'ie tnme) held of William de Say, one quarter of a 
fee in " Patrikesbourne." Probably they were Dionisia de Beracre and her 
sisters, who subsequently held half a fee in Beracre from Geoffrey de Say. In 
1347 their land was held by John Petit and Richard de Beracre. 



PATRICKSBOURNE CHURCH, AND BIFRONS. I7l 

Above the whole archway rises a tall pointed canopy ; within 
which is a ronnd-headed niche, carved with the Agnus Dei or " Lamb 
and Flag." This design cannot well be of a date earlier than 1170 ; 
and it may be ten years later. The tower (of which it occupies the 
soutli wall) is oddly placed, and forms a porch in the middle of the 
south aisle, not projecting from it.* Tliis tower opens to the nave, 
and to the south aisle, by pointed arches on the north and east, 
but by half of a round arch on the west. 

In the tower hang three bells ; one is ancient and inscribed 
"Ave Maria ffracia plena." Two bells were recast in 1674. The 
stone clock-face, now seen above the great doorway, was inserted 
by the present Marquess Conyngham, when he gave the clock. It 
is a reproduction of* the original design, which was ancient.t 

The small portion of south aisle which stands to the west of the 
tower, opens to the nave by a round-headed arch ; and to the tower 
by half of a round arch. 

The north aisle was added about 182-1, when Mr. Hughes 
Hallett was the vicar. The windows, and the JN^orman north door- 
way were then removed from the oj'igiual north wall to their present 
position in the north aisle. The arms of Fogge were formei'ly 
emblazoned in the westernmost window of the original north wall. 

The Chajs'cel. 

The chancel arch, which is of simple and massive design, and of 
horseshoe shape, is probably of earlier date than the great south 
doorway. Its cylindrical shafts are remarkably small and slight. 
The priest's door, south of the chancel, may also be of like earlier 
date. It has good mouldings, and is surmounted by a small statue, 
probably of St. Mary, the patron-saint of the church. 

In the east wall of the chancel we see a triplet of Norman 
windows ; the central one is higher than the others, and above it is 

* Sir Gilbert Scott thought that this entrance was quite unique — a porch in 
a tower, — but Eythorne church tower is over the north porch. He considered 
that when the tower was built the porch here was allowed to remain, as it had 
done before ; being too beautiful to be touched. 

t Before the church was restored, two huge buttresses of brick, built to 
support the tower, hid much of the mouldings of the handsome doorway. With 
respect to the bells in the tower, the Rev. F. T. Vine has kindly copied for me 
the following extract from the parish registers : — 

" The 20"^ Anno Domini 1674. Palmer at St. Dunstans in the suburbs of 
Canterbury cast anew fn-o of the three ^(^7/*' belonging to Patricksborue Parish 
Church, in the Diocese of Canterbury. The third, or biggest, bell when cast 
anew weighed 529 Q. The first, or least, bell when new cast weighed 333 Q. 
"John Mackallar, Vicar of Patrixburne. 
" Christophee Sympson, sen^ (a mayson.) oh. warden." 



172 PATRICKSBOUllNE CKUllCU, AND UIFllONS. 

a inari<^okl window of ciylit lights radiating from a central circle. 
There are two small unmoulded Norman windows* in the north 
Avail of the chancel ; and two in its south wall. The eastern triplet 
was walled up until the church was restored iu 1849, by Mr. 
Marshall, an architect in Canterbury, at Lady Conyngham's ex- 
pense, when these three W' iudows were filled with Flemish painted 
glass, of some antiquity. It had been collected on the Continent 
with much care, by the first Marchioness Conyngham. Mr. 
Marshall's restoration of the chancel w^as well spoken of by Sir 
Gilbert Scott, when he came in 1857 to restore the whole building. 

The central scene in the eastern windows, representing the 
Virgin and Child, with shepherds adoring, is dated 1589. Beneath 
it is a representation of the Crucifixion. In the north window, of 
the triplet, the subject at the top is the Transfiguration of our Lord. 
Below it is the Crucifixion, dated, apparently, 1532, with two figures, 
one bearing a flagon, the other a chalice (?). Underneath that scene, 
Samson's exploit wnth the jawbone of an ass appears ; upon this 
subject the date 1538 is placed. 

In the south window of the triplet, the subject at the top is 
dated 1602 ; beneath it, appears the scene of our Lord's agony in 
the garden, dated 1589. Below that, David is seen, rescuing his 
sheep from a lion. 

There are in the chancel tw^o aumbries or lockers, and a remark- 
able piscina. The arch above the piscina is surmounted by a 
mutilated triangular pediment or cauopy of the thirteenth ceutury. 

At the south-west angle of the chancel there is a " squint," or 
hagioscope, by which persons sitting in the south aisle could see 
the elevation of the host at the high altar. 

The floor of the chancel is paved with red and yellow tiles, some 
of which bear the family crest of Lord Conyngham. 

Beneath is the family vault of the Couynghams. The first and 
second Marquess and Marchioness Conyngham are here buried. 

The tablets commemorating them are thus inscribed : — 

" Sacred to the Memory of Henry Marquess Conyngham Earl 



* The subjects delineated in the glass of the easternmost windows (given 
by the Marchioness Conyngham in 1849) are : — 

In the north wall nearest the east J ^?^'!t i f "*'^ into Jerusalem, 
gj^^j < Christ blessing little children. 

|_ Christ raising the widow's son. 

In the south wall nearest the east J J|^^J^S^?*"^t\?gyP*- ,, , 

^ ■^ ihe baviour m the lemple at twelve years. 



L The raising of Jairus' daughter. 



PATRTCKSBOTJRNE CHTJRCn, AND BIFRONS. 173 

of Moimtcharles Viscount Slaiae and Baron Minster of Minster 
Abbey in this county K.P. G-.C.H. Born December xxvi 
MDCCLxvr. Died December xxTiri mdcccxxxii. 

" Elizabeth Marchioness Conyngham Wife of Henry First Mar- 
quess Conyugham. Born March xxix mdcclxx. Died October 

XI MDCCCLXI. 

" Sacred to the Memory of Francis Nathaniel 2^'^ Marquis 
Conyugham, Knight of S* Patrick, Knight of the Guelphs of Han- 
over, Knight of the Tower & Sword of Spain, Privy Councillor, 
Major General in the Army, Formerly M.P. for Donegal, Under 
Secretary for Foreign Aifairs, 1823-G, Lord of the Treasury 
1827-30, Postmaster Greneral 183^-5, and Lord Chamberlain to 
King William the Fourth and Queen Victoria 1835-9. Born June 
11«'' 1799. Died July 17"' 1876. 

" Sacred to the Memory of Jane Marchioness Conyngham, wife 
of IVancis Nathaniel, 2"*^ Marquis Conyngham, 2"'^ Daughter of 
Henry 1^* Marquis of Anglesey. Born Oct 13"' 1798. Died June 
28^^' 1876." 

Notices of other tablets, commemorating members of this family, 
will be found on a subsequent page. 

The Bifrons Chapel. 

In the south cliapel (now fitted up as the Bifrous pew), the 
soutli window was filled witli Flemish glass by the first Marchioness 
Conyngham. The oldest portion, dated 1550, represents some 
personage bearing a flag. Another scene, the descent from the 
cross, bears the date 1589. Four other subjects, executed in a 
brownish neutral tint, are dated 1670. 

The monuments within the church chiefly commemorate the 
owners of Bifrons, a mansion which was first built by John Bar- 
grave, eldest brother of Isaac Bargrave, Dean of Canterbury. Their 
family had been settled for many years in the adjoining parish of 
Bridge, whicli is appended as a chapelry to that of Patricksbourne. 
The Bridge Eegister spells their name as Bargar ; and so does the 
Register of the Cathedral in 1626 and 1628. Thus the name may 
be derived from a manor, in Bridge parish, called Baracre, Beracre 
or Bargar. The Dean's baptism is thus recorded in the Bridge 
Register : " 1580, Isacke Bargar was baptized the 12 daye of June 
anno supra." To this entry a note has been subsequently appended : 
"Afterwards Deane of Canterbury." 

The Patricksbourne Register records the marriage of his sister 



174 PATRICKSBOURNE CnURCH, AND BIFRONS. 

to the Ecctor o£ Betteshangcr, who afterwards became Dean 
of Canterbury : " 1G04, 4- October, M'' Jolm lioyrs dark and 
M'^ Angcll Bargar virgine." She was buried in tlic Catlieilral, 
Nov. 13, lG-15, having for twenty years survived her husband Dean 
Boys, who died Sept. 30, 1G25. She had the comfort of remaining 
at the Deanery during most of her widowhood, her brother having 
succeeded to her husband as Dean. He, however, died in January 
1643, two years before his sister. In the previous August, Dean 
Bargrave had been seized by the Parliamentary forces, and was in 
prison for three wrecks. This treatment seems to have affected his 
health so much that he died within six months after it. 

An epitaph in this church records that in the Civil War the 
Bargrave family, whose ashes are scattered over the whole of the 
little south chapel, stood and fell with the royal cause of Charles I. 
It commemorates John Bargrave, the builder of Bifrons, and his 
Avife, wdth their son Robert Bargrave and his wife. They lie buried 
beneath a stone which was placed in the floor of this south chapel, 
in 1663, by John Bargrave, son and heir of Eobert.* This young 
owner of Bifrons (John Bargrave) had been compelled, by his 
circumstances, to sell the house and estate to Sir Arthur Slingsby 
in the previous year, 1662. The inscription on the stone was com- 
posed by the young squire's uncle, the Eev. John Bargrave, son 
of the builder of Bifrons, a prebendary of Canterbury, rector of 
Harbledown 1660-70, and rector of Pluckley 1662-76. f The word- 
ing and arrangement of the ej)itaph is unique and very quaint. Irs 
author died in 1680. 

Against the south wall there is a tablet commemorating John 



* In the chancel of Bridge Church hangs a portrait of another Robert 
Bargrave who died in 16i9, aged 65. He was a brother of the Dean of 
Canterbury. 

f The epitaph alluded to is as follows : — 

Per totum hoc sacellum j ^^"erosa 

sparsa est 1 Bargraviana 

^ ( terra 

Cuj us familiar armiger & 1 

Johannes Bifi'ontis Conditor I . 

Et H^res ejus Robertus sub hoc ( ^^^^^^ 

Marmore una cum uxoribus I 

Bello civili ex p'tibus regiis | . 

Stetit et cecidit familia ) ^men 
Lugens Scripsit filius ") eccles x" ■ 

Et Frater Johan. ] Cant Pr«b 
Johau Hferes a ruinis "^ An. D. M. 

In ruinas lapidem posuit 3 DCLXIII. 
A pedigree of the family is printed in Archceologia Cantiana, IV., 252. 



THE TAYLOR FAMILY, OF BIFRONS. 175 

Taylor, Esq.,* who purchased Bifrons in 1694, and raised a beautiful 
garden there. Born in 1655, he died in 1729. By his wife Olive 
Tempest, who died in April, 1716, in her 60th year, and was buried 
here before him, he had ten children. Of them four sons and four 
daughters alone survived their father. Mrs. Taylor was a daughter 
of Sir Nicholas Tempest, of Durham ; and upon her monument, in 
this church, are her arms : — argent a bend mhle between six 
martlets. The Taylor family bore, gules three roses argent ; a chief 
vaire. In the year 1757 the Rev. Bryan Faussett, visiting Patricks- 
bourne Church, noticed in the south window of the Bifrons Chapel 
these two coats impaled. That coloured glass has disappeared. 

Th.e eldest son Dr. Brooke Taylor, F.R.S., author of a treatise on 
Lineal Perspective, died two years after his father, and was buried 
in London. His wife Elizabeth Sawbridge of Olantigh, was 
buried here in 1729 ; his only daughter Elizabeth became the wife 
of Sir William Young, Bart. 

Of Mr. John Taylor's daughters, three are commemorated here ; 
Margaret, who died in 1738 ; Olive, wife of the vicar, the Rev. Dr. 
John Bowtell ; and Mary, who lived to the age of 91, and then died 
unmarried in 1771. This long-lived lady had in 1753 the right of 
presentation to the vicarage of Patricksbourne. Her brother' 
Herbert, the owner of Bifrons, was then rector of Hunton, and of 
St. Alphage, Canterbury. Him she presented to this vicarage also ; 
and thus the Rev. Herbert Taylor, who married Mary a daughter 
of Dr. "Wake, prebendary of Canterbury, became vicar of Patricks- 

* The tablet to John Taylor bears the following inscription : — 
In this vault lies John Taylor 
■who was born Dec. 7, 1665 and died 
Ap. 4, 1729, survived by 8 of his children 

'/. e. 4 sons & 4 daughters. 

He purchased an estate in this Parish 8ep. 

29, 1694. Afterwards another in Bridge 

and when he had improved them and raised 

a beautiful garden to Bifrons he settled 

the whole upon his family. 

He gave several ornaments of value to 

the Church, was a strict ceconomist, a just 

Dealer, & a friend to the poor. 

His eldest son Brook LL.D. & F.R.S. 

dying in London Nov. 29, 1731, was buried 

in St. Anne's Churchyard by his own order. 

A gentleman of Learning, great ingenuity, 

and endowed with many valuable qualities 

both natural & acquired, which 

made him highly esteemed by those that knew him 

particularly the virtuosi 

and his death much lamented. 

He left no issue male. 



176 PATRICKSBOUKNE CHURCH, AND BIFRONS. 

bounio for ten years. Dying in 17G3, aged 51, he left iwo sons. 
Herbert, the eldest, presented his brother, the Eev. Edward Taylor, 
rector of lluckinge, then aged 29, to this benefice. The new squire, 
however, did not enjoy his estate for more than four years. 
Herbert Taylor died in 17G7, and then for a second time one person 
became both squire and vicar. Succeeding to the Bifrona estate at 
the age of 33, the Rev. Edward Taylor enjoyed it and this benefice 
for a quarter of a century. He entirely rebuilt the house at 
Bifrons, upon a new site, close to the old one. His building is the 
present house, but its exterior has been cased, and it has been 
otherwise altered. 

The sons left by this vicar and squire of Patrick sbourne 
reflected much credit and lionour upon their father's training. The 
eldest son, Edward Taylor, Esq., became a Member of Parliament. 
He selected the Eev. Wm. Toke to succeed his father in the 
vicarage. 

The Right Honourable Sir Brook Taylor, K.G.H., another son of 
the parson-squire, became well known as Private Secretary of Lord 
Grenville, and a member of the King's Privy Council. He died in 
1846, aged 69, and was buried here, as a tablet to his memory 
informs us. 

Better known perhaps than either the Member of Parliament or 
the Privy Councillor, was another brother, Lieut. -General Sir Her- 
bert Taylor. Having been Private Secretary arid Aide-de-Camp to 
the Duke of York, he became Private Secretary to King George 
III., and in old age was Master of St. Katharine's Hospital, 
Regent's Park. 

Another brother is commemorated in the following epitaph, 
here: — "Sacred to the Memory of Captain Bridges Watkinson 
Taylor, of the Royal Navy (fifth son of the Rev. Edward Taylor 
of Bifrons), born Sept. 25"', 1777. 

" He served with distinguished zeal and credit from the early age 
of 15 years with little interval till the period of his death, which 
was caused by the upsetting of his boat off Brindisi in the Adriatic, 
on the 24th February 1814, whilst he was in the command of his 
Majesty's ship Apollo, and forwarding measures for a projected 
attack upon the island of Corfu, then in the possession of the 
French. 

" He was not less conspicuous for the active and gallant manner 
in which he discharged his duty to his king and country, than for 
kindness of heart, benevolence of disposition, exemplary and un- 



VICARS OF PATRICKSBOURNE. 177 

affected piety, and it is remarkable that his meritorious and useful 
career was closed by a fatal accident from which, under Providence, 
he had, at the risk of his own life, rescued at various periods of his 
service three of his fellow-creatures. 

" He had the honour of sharing in the glory of the victories of the 
1st June 1794, and of the Nile on the 1st of August 1798. On 
the 18th of the same month, when Lieutenant on board the Leancler 
of 50 guns, he was wounded and taken prisoner in a hard-contested 
action between that ship and the French ship Genevent of 74 guns. 

" In proof of the esteem and affection borne to his memory by 
the officers of the Apollo, they have erected a monument to him in 
the church of Portsmouth. 

" This tablet is placed here by his surviving brothers and sisters 
in testimony of their attachment to a most affectionate and most 
beloved brother." 

Monumental inscriptions here likewise commemorate John 
Denne, of Patricksbourne Court Lodge, who died in 1690, aged 71, 
and his wife Elizabeth, who died in 1680, aged 52 ; also Elizabeth, 
wife of their son Thomas Denne, of Brabourne Court Lodge, sole 
child of John and Ann Alleyan of Stowting. She died in 1701, 
aged 21. Also Daniel, another son of John and Elizabeth Denne, 
who died Sept. 18"' 1702, aged 39 years. From him descended the 
Dennes of Winchelsea and Lydd. 

The Vicaes of Patricksbourne. 

On the 13th of Kov. 1303, Archbishop "Winchelsea admitted to 
the cure of the parish church Adam de Eyton, a canon of Merton 
Priory ;* and another of these canons. Brother Peter de Fodryngehe, 
was similarly admitted to the same cure in October 1307. The 
title of Vicar is first used in the record of the admission of William 
de Eyton, by Archbishop Reynolds (Eeg. 20''), on the 1st of June 
1317. The Registers mention no other vicar until the end of 
December 1349, when Archbishop Islip (Reg. 250*^) instituted 
Simon de HitJie, who retained this benefice for nearly twenty-three 
years, and then by exchange took the adjoining vicarage of Bekes- 
bourne. His successor, William Wijgge, instituted in October 
1372, was followed by John Scaldeicell, who in Feb. 1379-80 
(Sudbury's Reg., 130'') exchanged with the rector of Baketon, 
Sussex, John Gohet. 

Eight years later G-obet, in Feb. 1387-8, exchanged with the 
* Winchelsea's Register, 293*. 
YOL. XIV. N 



178 PATRICKSBOURNE CnURCH. 

chaplain of Eastbridge Hospital, liobcrt atte Churche (Courtenay's 
Eeg., 2G8''). John Touker was instituted by Archbishop Arundel 
(Ecg. i. 277"') on the 7th of July 1401 ; and the «anie Primate 
admitted William Lattyr to the vicarage on the 3rd of December 
1409 (Reg. ii., 5G"). During the fifteenth century the institutions 
of several vicars seem to have escaped record. One William 
Kyndegett was succeeded by Robert Mendon, who was admitted by 
Archbishop Chichele (Eeg. 211'') on the 16th of August 143(3. 
The next vicar whose name has come down to us is Nicholas Corall, 
who resigned, and was followed by Patrick Gruys. Archbishop 
Bonrgchier admitted him on the 20th of July 1455. He died soon, 
and was succeeded by John Clerk on the 19th of May 1459 (Eeg. 
76"). 

Within a year, a chaplain named William Flete followed him 
(April 14, 1460), being presented by Archbishop Bourgchier, 
through lapse of the patronage to him (77^'). Flete resigned during 
the same year, and Laurence Yerdherst, who was instituted on the 
30th of November 1460 (79''), held the benefice for nearly six 
years. For what reason we cannot ascertain, but the fact is 
recorded that Yerdherst was deprived ; and in his place John 
Loughton was instituted July 28, 1466 (93''). Death carried off 
the new vicar within eight months, so that Wm. Preston suc- 
ceeded him on the 26th of March 1467 (96"). Preston resigned, 
and then Walter Walsh was admitted to the benefice on the 
23rd of Nov. 1470 (103"). He died within six months, and into his 
place came William Dardes on the 14th of July 1471 (104"). 
Dardes held the vicarage for nearly nine years. Upon his death 
Walter Bristoio was instituted on the 29th of May 1480 (125). 

Cardinal Morton instituted Malcolm Ramsey, M.A., on the 7th 
of August 1494, but others must have held the benefice during 
that century, whose names are not recorded. Very few incumbents 
retain a living for so long a period as Eamsey did. He died in 
1538, having been vicar of Patricksbourne for forty- four years, and 
was buried in the chancel of Bridge Church. A memorial of him 
is carved in relief on the south wall of that chancel. 

All these vicars (save one) had been presented to the benefice 
by the Prior and Convent of Merton in Surrey, but, during 
Eamsey's long incumbency, the Priory sold or otherwise alienated 
the next presentation to' one John Bowie. Accordingly, on the 
death of Eamsey, Mr. Bowie presented to this vicarage a chaplain 
named John Grene, who was instituted by Archbishop Cranmer 



VICARS OF PATRICKSBOIJRNE. 179 

(3G5«) on the 5tli of July 1538, after tlie Priory of Merton had 
been dissolved. 

The new vicar Grene died after he had enjoyed his preferment 
little more than three years. Then Sir Thomas Cheney, who had 
obtained those lands which Merton Priory held here, adjacent to 
his own, exercised the right of patronage and presented Johi Shaive, 
who was instituted on the 24th of March 1541-2 by Archbishop 
Cranmer (380«). On the death of Shawe in 1546, Sir Thos. 
Cheney, K.G-., presented Won. JVbhs or Noivell, who was instituted 
on the 1st of May (Cranmer'sReg.,400*). At that period a fatality 
seemed to attach to the place. Nowell died within five years, and 
his successor John Fysslier was admitted to the benefice on the 6th 
of January 1550-1 (Cranmer's Reg., 413''). On the death of Richard 
Fountayne, a new patron, named William Partheryche, presented 
Bohert Ecnoson to the vicarage, in December 1589 ; and afterwards 
John White, also, in May 1594. Edward Partridge was the patron 
in 1640. 

After James Colehy (1644) ; James Shipton (1659) ; and John 
Fige, who was presented by Arnold Braems in Peb. 166f , and died 
in 1667, we find John MacTcallar holding the vicarage for thirty-one 
years, from Nov. 7, 1667, to Jan. 27, 1698-99, when lie died. Among 
the Archiepiscopal archives at Lambeth there is a petition from 
thirty-three parishioners of Patricksbourne, including the two 
churchwardens, John Andrews and John Dutton, in May 1695, 
against Mr. Mackallar's oppression, vexations, misdemeanours, and 
miscarriages. In the forefront stand disputes about tithes left long 
unsettled, and then overcharged. The vicar's absence, for some 
weeks from Patricksbourne, and for eight weeks from Bridge 
(January to March 1694-5), is likewise mentioned. The petitioners 
allege that he sometimes sat while reading prayers and preaching. 
They say that he detained the offertory amounting to about £l per 
annum, pretending that he himself was " the poor." Also that he 
neglected to pay his proportion of the poor rates and the King's 
taxes. The tenour of the petition evinces much petty irritation about 
trivial matters, but we can readily account for it when we remember 
that Mr. Mackallar had then been vicar for twenty-eight years, and 
was evidently getting old and infirm. He lived four years longer. 
In his earlier years he had been active and useful, as many entries 
in the Registers testify. His successor Dr. John Botvtell, who was 
presented to the living by Margaret, widow of Walter Braems, 
held this benefice for the long period of fifty-five years ; from 

N 2 



180 PATEICKSEOTJUNE CHTTRCH, AND BIFEONS. 

February 169f to January 1753. He was likewise rector of Staple- 
hurst, His wife Olive, daughter of John 'I'aylor, E8(|., restw beside 
him, here, beneath a tomb in Patricksbouruc churchyard. Duriug 
one entire century there were but three incumbents of Patricks- 
bourne. After Dr. Bowtell's death, his brother-in-law, Mr. Herbert 
Taylor held the benefice for ten years ; and that gentleman's son, 
Edward Taylor, occupied it for thirty-five years. Thus, three vicars, 
alone, enjoyed this living during the very long period of one hundred 
years. The Rev. William Toke was instituted in May 1799, He 
was succeeded by the Rev. Win. Payler, who held the benefice until 
1813 ; and after him it was occupied by the Kev, Charles Hughes- 
Sallett 1813-46 ; and the Rev. John Stevenson, D.B., 1846-74 ; 
whose successor, the Rev. Francis Thomas Vine, is the present 
Vicar. 

During the incumbency of Mr. Mackallar, some curious entries 
were made in the Registers ; they have been kindly copied, for me, 
by Mr. Vine, who has likewise sent to me the following notes of 
monumental tablets omitted above : — 

On a tablet in tTie Bifrons Chapel. 

In memoiy of Lord Francis Nathaniel Conyngham, R.N., M.P. for the 
County Clare, who died in Scotland September llth, 1881, aged 48 years. He 
served in the Royal Navy in the Baltic and Black Seas, and at the bombardment 
of Bomarsund and Sebastojaol, and received two medals and the order of the 
Medjidic. Erected by his brother the Marquis Conyngham. " Him that cometh 
to me I will in no wise cast out," John vi. 37. 

There is also a tablet to the memory of two sisters of Francis Nathaniel 
2nd Marquis Conyngham ; namely, Elizabeth Henrietta, married to the Earl 
of Aboyne, died August 24, 1 8.39 ; and Harriet Maria, married to Sir William 
Somervile, Bart., died Dec. 3, 1843. 

There are also tablets erected to the memory of the Eev. Charles Hughes- 
Hallett of Higham, formerly vicar of the parish ; also that of his wife and 
other members of his family. 

FROM THE REGISTERS. 

A stranger, being an antient man, a supposed Papist by his Rosary. Beads 
and Crucifix, who died at Higham Farm, was buried in woollen only. As the 
affidavit doth appear on the .5 November a.d. 1678. 

A memorandum that John Mackallar, vicar and minister of Patricksbourne. 
did cause some ash trees to be planted in the churchyard of Patricksbourne on 
Dec. 19, 1668. At the same time, or two or three days before that, was two 
very old rotten ash trees taken down. 

A Memorial, viz. : — 

That John Mackallar, Vicar of Bridge, Kent, notified on November the 
30tb ^j^o iggi ^Q Richard Poore, ch : warden of the same, that no affidavit was 
brought (within the time limited) that the body of Sir Arnold Brcems. Kt., 
interred November the 2P' inst., in the east chancel of the Church of Bridge,' 
was wrapped in woollen only according to the statute made and provided. 

An account how the fifty shillings (being the one moiety of the forfeiture 



PATRICKSBOURNE ilEGISTEKS AND BRIEFS. 181 

for burying Sir Arnold Broems iu linnen) was distributed to the poor of the 
chapelry of Bridge. 

[Here follow the names of recipients.] 
The other moiety of the forfeiture being due to the minister (as the most 
proper informer) was remitted by me, Jo : Mackallar. 

Richard Pooke and John Eldrid, ch : wardens. 

A similar memorial was made in 1685 respecting the burial of Richard 
Spaine, of Canterbury. 

In perpetuam rei Memoriam. 
Anno Domini 1681. 
Sir Arnold Broems, Kt. (born in Dover and baptized, as in the register of St. 
Mary's in that town doth appear, October the 3rd An. Dom. 1602), departed 
this life in his mansion house, called Blackmansbury alias Bridge Place, on 
Sunday morning, ten o'clock, November the 13th, Anno Domini 1681, in the 
80th year of his age, and was buried on the one and twentieth of the same 
month in the east chancel of the chapel of Bridge, close to the tomb which he 
iu his life erected there in memory of his two deceased ladies. 

In the Bridge Register occurs this entry :— 

John Levingston, a private soldier in Major General Jeffery's Regiment of 
Foot (No. 14), who was accidentally killed \>j a bread or forage waggon, be- 
longing to the camp at Barbara Down, going over his body, whereby he was 
crushed to death, was buried Aug. 17, 1760. 

BRIEFS. 

From the end of Patriclishourne General Register Booh. 

(Communicated to me by the Rev. F. T. Vine.) 

An account of the almes and charitable benevolence of the householders, 
servants, strangers, and others inhabiting in the parrish or mother church of 
Patricksbourne, in the deanery of Bridge, and diocese of Canterbury, collected 
at several times in March, April, May, An° 1671, towards the raising of 
£30,000 (as it was represented to a Committee of his Majesty's Privy Council) 
for the redemption of a very great number of their fellow Christians and 
countrymen fi'om that miserable Turkish and inhuman slavery and bondage 
they now groan under. 

Collected £2 7s. 

An account of the names of the persons inhabiting in the parish of St. 
Mary, Patrixbourne, in the deanery of Bridge and diocese of Canterbury, as also 
of the sums of money which they have subscribed and contributed (in Decem- 
ber An" Dom. 1678) towards the rebuilding of the Cathedral Church of St. 
Paul, in London. 

Collected £1 10s. 

s. d. 

1670. For loss by fire (£400) of Cliff in Kent 1 6 

ditto (£950) Laysdowne in Kent 5 

ditto (£2600) at Thetford in Norfolk 1 4 

ditto (£500) at Paddington, Middlesex 10 

ditto (£400) at Gt. Chart in Kent 2 2\ 

1671. For loss by fii-e (£6770) at Isleham in Cambridgesh 2 2 

ditto (£774 14s.) at Ripley in Sm-rey 9 

For the redemption of William Masey and John Jessup from 

slavery in Sally, collected 1 2 

1672. For loss by fire (£2946) at Luton in Bedfordshire, collected 2 

1673. For loss by fire (£695 7s. 3d.) Stoake next Guildford, Surry 1 

ditto (£659) at Ham in Surry 10 

ditto (£425) at Westbeer in Kent (Parsonage House) 1 



182 PATRICKSBOURNE BRIEFS. 

s. d. 

107,]. For loss by fire(£ll,488 2s. Od.) at Russell St., Covent Garden 3 IJ 

1G74. For loss by fire (£108(0 at Ilcston in Middlesex 1 4| 

ditto (£1481) at St. Miugarct's at Cliffe, collected 1 7 

ditto (£1159 us.) at Littleton in Middlesex, collected... 4 

ditto (£70,(»00) by Matbew Sbeppavd, John Tunn, 

Geneu, Edward I'robea, refiners of sugar and 

bakers of the City of London, collected 1 6J 

ditto (.£309 Os. 2d.) at Nettlestead, Kent 11 

For loss (£3920 14s.) by fireing the parish church of Bcnnenden, 
with several houses adjacent, in the county of 

Kent by lightning 2 2 

ditto (£13,033 9s. 9(1.) at Fordiugbridge, Southampton 4 4 

ditto (£775G) at Neither Wallopp, Southampton .5 6 

ditto (£25,355 OS.) St. Katherine nigh ye Tower London 2 8 

1675. For loss by fire (£165) at Otford in Kent 1 10 

ditto (£1948) at Eedborne in Hertford 3 

For repair of Oswestree In Salop 1 6 

ditto Wolverhampton and Milldenhall 8 10 

An accompt of the almes and charitable benevolence of ye householders, 
servants, and strangers, &c., inhabiting in the parish of St. Mary Patrixbourne, 
in ye deanry of Bridge, and diocess of Canterbury, collected from house to 
house (according to his Majesties Letters Patent) by the minister and church- 
wardens at several times in ye months of September and October, a.d. 1G80, 
towards the redemption of their fellow Christians and countrymen from that 
miserable Turkish cruel and inhuman slavery and bondage they now groan 
under. 

Collected £2 10s. 

An accompt of ye chaiitable contribution of the inhabitants of Patrikes- 
bourne, in Kent (upon his Majesty's Letters Patent) for and towards the repair 
of ye great parish church of St. Alban's, in the county of Hertford. 

Feb. 24, 1682, collected 18s. 5d. 

Three separate entries, dated respectively Feb. 24, 1682. Aug. 5. 1686, and 
Nov. 5, 1688, record the collection of moneys towards the relief of the poor per- 
secuted Protestants of France (according to his Majesties Letters Patent) there 
collected from house to house, altogether a total of £7 8s. 9|d. 

A collection of £3 15s. 8d. for and towards the relief of the poor Irish 
Protestants. 

1694. For loss by fire (£1799) at Churchill in Oxon. 

ditto (£1650) at EUesworth, Cambridgesh. 

ditto (£5470) at Chagford in Devonshire. 

ditto (£3600) at Ludbury in Hereford. 

ditto (£6000) at Bruridg, Widdington and Chibborn, North- 

umberland. 

ditto (£5240) at Havant, Southampton. 

ditto (£900) at Dennis Gunton in Norfolk. 

ditto (£2950) at Wooler in Northumberland, 

ditto (£2450) at Lambeth, near the saw mill. 

ditto (£19,000) at the city of York. 

ditto (£4390) at Chester, a church. 

ditto (£4590) at Netherhavon and Fiddleton. 

ditto (£1500) at Yalding in Kent. 

Collected in May 1695 for the borough of Warwick, in the county of War- 
wick, a loss by fire in the said towne of Warwick amounting to £90.600 and 
upwards, besides goods of trade and household goods not included in the said 
sum, which said fire was on Wednesday the 5th day of September last past (or 

Collected £1 is. 5d. 



PATRICKSBOURNE BRIEFS. 183 

1697. For loss by fire (£400) at Twyford in Southampton, 
ditto (£15(50) als Brou.^hlon in Hampshire, 

ditto (£31)00) at Gillingham in Dorsetshire, 

ditto (£4990) at St. Olave. Southwark. 

ditto (£21 70) at Wisbeach, Ely. 

From the last leaves of Bridge Eegister. 
1678. An account of a collection towards the relief of poor sufferers in the 
parishes of St. Saviour's and St. Thomas, in the borough of Southwark, in 
which parishes were consumed by fire on the 2fith of May 1676, the houses and 
habitations of above 500 families, together with great breaches and damages 
to the church of St. Saviour's, with the loss of the free school and school house. 
The total amounted to £84,375 13s. 

Collected 12s. 8d. 

s. d. 

1664. Great Grimsby, Line, for a harbour 7 

of West Kirby in Worcester 1 

Barham, Kent 1 

?1694. Chigford 2 

1663. Cromer Church, Norfolk 2 2 

1664. Laurence Holden, of Clacton, Essex 1 7 

1666. Est Hendred 5 

1664. [John] Rodolph Zeller and Isaac [Aime] delegates of the Re- 
formed Church of Strasburg in Alsatia 2 

1669. For loss by fire at Bradraoor in Devon. 

Memorandum that 2s. 6d. which was collected in Bridge Church for 
Michael Fowler, of Great Chart, in Kent, his loss of £400 by fire was paid by 
E/ichard Castle, churchwarden, ignorantly to two men, who collected it 
fraudulently. 

1676. Towards the loss of £2000 by the fall of Newent church Gloucester. 
For loss by fire (£1567 5s. 9d.) at Topsham in Devon. 

ditto (£7450) at Watton in Norfolk. 

1677. For loss by fire (£152,008 4s. 6d.) at Northampton. 

ditto (£13,342 5s.) at Cottenham in Cambridge. 

1678. For loss by fire at Blandford-forum in Dorset. 

ditto (£822) at Rickmansworth in Hertford. 

ditto (£23,677) at Wem in Salop. 

ditto (£1046) at Harlington in Middlesex. 

1679. For loss by fire (£2000) at Bermondsey in Surrey. 

ditto (£1292) at Lugarshall, alias Lurgishall, in Wilts. 

1680. For loss by fire (£469 7s.) at Ampthill in Bedfordshke. 
1678. For rebuilding St. Paul's Cathedral in London. 

1680. For redemption of Christians fi-om Turkish slavery. 

1681. For loss by fire (£660) at Horsham, St. Faith's, in Norfolk. 

ditto (£2251 19s. 6d.) at East Budley in Devon, 

ditto (£770 4s. 4d.) at East Peckham in Kent. 

1682. For loss by fire (£19,443) at East Dearsham in Norfolk. 

ditto (£1865 19s.) at Dugford in Cambridgeshire. 

ditto (£2176 16s.) at Bishton in Stafford. 

For repair of parish church of St. Alban's. 
For persecuted Protestants of France. 

1683. For loss by fire (£6786) at Caistor in Lincoln. 

ditto (£2600) at Diershall, London. 

ditto (£5135) at Windsor in Bucks. 

ditto (£6150) at Presteigne in Radnor. 

ditto (£1276) at Preston Caudover in Southampton. 

ditto (£1149) at Hansworth in Yorkshire. 

ditto (£9263) at Collumpton in Devon. 

ditto (£1330) at Ensham in Oxford. 

ditto (£4799) at St. Katherine's, London. 

ditto (£1100) at Stoke by Clare in Suffolk. 



184 PATllICKSBOUllNE BRIEFS. 

For loss by inundation (£718) at Braintford, Middlesex. 

1684. For loss by fire (£r>C>,MG) at Wapping in Middlesex. 

ditto (£7222) at Chanel Row. 

ditto (£*.•(;;{) at Hassingborn, Cambridgeshire. 

By inundation (£1200) at lluuswick in Yorkshire. 

1685. For loss by iire (£2390) at Cawston in Norfolk. 

ditto (^240.")) at Alrewas in Stafford, 

ditto (£144y) at Bajsden in Oxford, 

ditto (£1780) at Ely, St. Mary's, 

ditto (£1529) at Shaxby in York. 

1686. For loss by fire (£1.3,864) at Bc.nminster in Dorset. 

ditto (£2010) at Stavertou in Northampton. 

ditto (£249.5) .at M.arket Deeping in Lincolnshire. 

ditto (£2023) at Sirkling-hall in York. 

ditto (£16,300) at Kirksauton in Cumberland. 

ditto (£1332) at Allfriston in Sussex. 

ditto (£16,053) at Bullford in Wilts. 

Collection for relief of the French Protestants. 
For loss by fire (£8939) at Whitechappel and Stepney near ye Hermitage. 

ditto (£016) at Merriton in Salop. 

1687. Loss (£1118) by f.all of the steeple of Eynsbury in Hunt. 
Loss by inundation (£16,300) at Kirksauton in Cumberland. 
Loss by fire (£1118) at Stanton in Suffolk. 

1688. Collection for the relief of persecuted French Protestants. 

1689. Collection for the relief of poor Irish Protestants. 

1691. For loss by fire (£29,898) at Bungay in Suffolk. 

ditto (£11,072) at St. Ives, Huntington. 

ditto (£24,000) at New Alresford in Hampshire. 

1692. For loss by fire at East Smithfield in Middlesex. 

ditto at Southwark. 

ditto at Stafford. 

ditto at Bishops Lavingtou in Wilts. 

1692. For loss by fire at Morpeth in Northumberland. 

ditto at Thirsk in ye North Hiding of I'ork. 

ditto at Tunbridge Wells. 

ditto at Hedou in Yorkshire. 

Collection in the month of May 169.5, for ye borough of Warwick in the 
county of Warwick, a loss by fire, in ye said towue of Warwick, amounting 
unto £90,600 and upwards, besides goods of trade and household goods not 
included in the said sums, which said fire was on the Wednesday ye fifth day 
of September last year (in 1694). 

Collected 6s. lOd. 

1696. For loss by fire at the hospital of Trinity House in Kingston upon Hull. 



( 185 ) 



MUNICIPAL AECHIVES OE TAVERSHAM, 
A.D. 1304-24. 

BY FRANCIS F. GIRAUD (TOWN CLERK). 

Six documents are printed in tlie following pages. They 
are : — 

No. 1. "Compotus'' from 30 Nov. 1304 to 1 Aug. 1305 
(33 and 34 Ed. 1). Since the publication of a portion of 
these Accounts in the Tenth Volume of Arcliceologia Cantimia, 
a more complete statement of them has been found amongst 
the Eecords of the Town of Faversham, embodying the items 
set forth in Vol. X., pp. 222 to 227, and containing others 
also. 

No. 2. Arrears of Tallage, 20 Nov. 1321 (15 Ed. II). This 
list contains the names of seventy-three persons, twenty- 
four of whom appear to derive their names from places of 
which some may be still identified in the immediate neigh- 
bourhood of the town. 

No. 3. " ComjJotus" of Tallage made in July 1322 (16 
Ed. II). This Tallage was applied to the service of 
shipping, due from Faversham as -being within the liberties 
of the Cinque Ports ; to gifts to the Lord Warden on his 
visiting the town ; and to the cost of litigation. 

No. 4. Arrears of the last-mentioned Tallage. This also 
contains seventy-three names, but some few are illegible. 

No. 5. Arrears of Fine m,ade in April 1323 (16 Ed. II). 
This list has twenty-four names, and a sum (illegible) 
assessed on the King's Mill belonging to the Manor of 
Faversham. 

No. 6. Arrears of Tallage made August 1324 (18 Ed. 
II). This contains 103 names. It will be observed 



186 ARCHIVES OF FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1304-24. 

that the Abbot and the Almoner of Faversham are jointly 
charged. 

The Accounts in No. 1 {Comi^otus, 1304-5) are fairly- 
copied on three annexed slips of parchment, and seem to 
have been written shortly after those already published. A 
copy of them is now given, omitting the items between 
1 Dec. 1304 and 22 July 1305 already printed, except 
a few which in the later copy have been made more in- 
telligible. 

A writ of capias was issued against Thomas Everard^^ 
(the Mayor), Eobert Dod,i3 Mcolas de Brenle,i2 John de Wen, 
Walter Bealde,^** Simon Baldok,^^ Nicolas Yue, Wolmer le 
Bealde,^^ John de Wingham, Walter de Upmanton,^° Stephen 
ate Melle,si Walter le Marischal,^ Stephen Glanvyle,^^ Thomas 
de Upmanton^*^ (son of Walter), William Blakeman, Thomas 
de Copeton,*^ Walter Ostreman,^^ John Homan, Adam Ship- 
man,25 Hamo Dagh,^^ and Alfred Dagh^^ to appear on the 
morrow of S. John the Baptist, and answer Philip de Jute- 
bergh on a plea of trespass. Some of the expenses in con- 
nection with this Action are set forth in the items contained 
in Vol. X., p. 226, and are not now reprinted. 

A writ of distringas and capias, dated 2 June 33 Ed. I, 
and attested by R. de Brabazoun^^ at Westminster, was issued 
in the same suit, against some of the same persons, together 
with Henry Andreu,^^ Thomas Oystreman,^^ and John son 
of Walter de Upmantone.^*' An action was also proceeding 
against the men of Faversham, at the suit of the Abbot of 
the Monastery of S. Saviour, Lords of the Manor of Faver- 
sham, on account of refusal to observe manorial customs and 
services. The defendants were required to appear and shew 
cause at Westminster by two of their number. The Barons 
of the Cinque Ports thereupon petitioned the King, and 
pleaded their Charters, which exempted them from pleading 
elsewhere than at Shepwey. The Abbot afterwards issued a 
writ against Thomas de Basinge,!^ Thomas de Everinge,65 
Eoger Orre,i Henry Blobbere,27 Wolmer Bealde,i8 Alfred 
Dagh,38 John de Selling, Stephen de Molesse,^^ and Simon 
Baldok^i for removing chattels which he had distrained. 
At length the disputes appear to have been terminated by a 



ARCHIVES OP FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1304-24. 187 

release, dated 13 Dec. 1310, of certain manorial customs in 
consideration of £10 annual rent payable to the Abbot and 

convent haK-yearJy. 

Francis F. Gikaud. 

No. 1. 

Compoius Rogeri Orre,^ Maioris de Faversham, a festo Sti. An- 
dree Apostoli anuo regui regis Edwardi xxxiij usque ad festum ad 
viucula Sti. Petri proximum sequeus. 

Idem respondet de xlj s. x d. oh. receptis aWaltei'oMariscliaP de 
arreragio compoti tempore maioratus sui. Et de x s. ix f/. receptis 
de arreragio quos predictus Walterus- dicto Rogero^ libera vit ut patet 
per eedulam appeudeutem. 

Item respondet de Ixxiiij //. xvj s. ix d. oh. de tallagio facto die 
Jovis proxima post fegtum beati Thome martiris anno supradicto. 

Summa Ixxvij li. ixs. v d. 

lude Expensse. 

In j equo locato ad opus Eogeri Orre^ versus Cantuariam in 
festo Apostolorum Simonis et Jude ad loqueudum cum Roberto de 
Stureye^ iiij d. Item in j equo locato ad opus ejusdem Rogeri versus 
Cautuariam in die beate Kateriue ad loquendum cum Constabu- 
lai'io* una cum ballivo^ m]d. et in expeusis eiusdem Rogeri ibidem 
tunc ij d. 

Item dedit cuidam Nuncio de Scacarii^ in festo sancte Lucie 
virginis iij d. Item in expeusis circa recordum faciendum inter 
Adam Shipman"^ et Rogerum ate Doune^ in percameno vino et aliis 
iiijf^. {Here follow items printed in^ Archceologia Oantiana^ Vol. X., 
pp. 222, 223.) 

Item in expeusis Ballivi et Maioris apud Nyeweton propter 
returuum brevium Vicecomitis Kancie^ die martis proxima ante 
festum Sti. Vincentii martiris viij d. {Otlier items printed in Vol. X., 
p, 2jTd, follow here.) 

Item in vj millibus allecum emptis xsiij s. ; et pro portagio 
earum j d. oh. ; de quibus millibus iij millia missa f uerunt Constabu- 
lario apud London' in navicula Johannis Note^"^ et mille dabatur 
W. Bernefeld^ et mille Willelmo de Hokimere.* 

Item allocates G-ilberto le Nortlieren^^ de tallagio per assentum 
xij Juratorum xij d.* 

Item in expeusis clerici magistri Jolianuis de Cbarn^^ Yd. oh.* 

Item solutam Johanui de Tilton sei'vienti pro stipendio suo j 
mar cam.* 

Item in expensis maioris apud Cantuariam die lune in septimana 
Pascbe x d., una cum equo suo locato. 

Summa xxiiij li. iiij s. x d. q'^. 

t Item allocates Waltero de Upmauton*^ de tallagio suo x s. quos 
idem Walterus solvit Gralf rido de Hertpol. Item in expensis Roberti de 

* Other items printed in Vol. X., p. 224, follow here, 
■f Other-items printed in Vol. X., p. 225. 



188 ARCHIVES OF FAVEllSEAM, A.U. 1304-5. 

Stureye, Thome Everard,i^Rogeri Orre, Nicholai de Brenle,^^ Walter! 
Marcselual,''^ Eoberti Dod,^'^ Thome filii ciusdem, Rogeri Batekok,^* 
Lawrenc'ii le Heare,^'' A\^illeh)ii Ic Carpenter/'''^ ct hcrodis Kogeri 
Pelliparii, apud Loudon, a doininica in quindena Pasche per j 
mensem et duos dies sequentes vj U. viij s. ix d. Item in exeuniis 
missis dominis Rogero le Brabasou/" et Gilberto de Robery,'" 
xxviij s. iiij d. oh. q'^.* 

Item liberates cuidam homini deferenti quamdam litteram apud 
Dovor' dominica proxima post festum tSti. Johanuis ante Portam 
Latinam iiij d* 

Item in expensis Andree de Batlescombe^'^ per Walterum 
Bealde^^ vij d. Item liberates Johanni de Basinge^^ Ballivo ward' 
castri Dover' per manibus Johaunis de Upmanton xl d., et garconi 
sue vj d., et in viuo pro eodem j d. oh. 

Item solutes pro j pare sotularum ad opus filii Rogeri Pelliparii 
cum £uit versus London iij d. 

Item datam Willelmo de Bernefeld die veneris proxima ante 
festum Nativitatis Sti. Johanuis Baptiste pro brevibus retornandis 
prout ordinatum f uit per consilium ville j marcam. 

Summa xxv //. xvij s. viij d. q'Kf 

Item allocates Roberto Dod pro Stephano Grlanvyle^^ iiij s. vj d.'\ 

Item in percameno empto pro rotulo faciendo et litteris tran- 
scribeudis j d. oh.f 

Item allocates Henrico Hereword^^ pro j sacho^^ detento per 
ministros domini principis apud Osprenge vj d. Item Stephano le 
Mellere^^ pro eodem vj d. Item in stipendio maioris pro anno xl s. 

Item remanent in arreragio xxxix s. v d. oh. 

Summa iiij ]i. \ d. oh. 
Stjmma sfmmaeum iiij-"^^' li. ij d. oh. q^. 

Et sic exedit summa expensarum summamreceptarum \s. ixd.oh. 

Memorandum quod iste compotus redditus fuit in domo Robert! 
Dod die lune proxima ante festum Sti. Valentin! anno regn! regis 
Edward! xxxv'' coram Thoma Everard tunc Ballivo, Roberto Dod, 
Waltero Mareschal, Jacobo de Brenle, Nicholao Tue, Wolmero 
Bealde, Simone Baldok,^^ Tristrammo le Groldfynch,^'^ Jacobo le 
Chapman, Andrea Mercator, Willelmo Eyneghe, Laurencio le 
Heare,^^ Henrico le Blobbere,^'^ Ricardo le Foghelere, Johanne 
Dreyland,^^ Roberto Tinctor, et Johanne G-oldwyne^^ clerico. 

{2nd Memhrane.) 
Memorandum quod Johannes Goldwyne debet ma! or! xjd.,et W. 
Bil. ij d., et W. Mareschal, apud Loudon x d. 

Expense facte de talJagio facto in crastino decoUationis Sti. JoJiannis 
Baptiste anno regni regis Edioardi xxxi!j° per manihns Rogeri 
Orre tunc maioris. 
Solutes marischallo mensurarum domin! regis xls., de fine^° facta 
anno regn! regis Edward! xxx°. 

Item solutos eodem marischallo pro hominibvis Dovor' xvj s. :s.d. 
Item in cc. melvellis emptis a Nicholao Tue iiij li. xvj s. de quibus 

* Other items printed in Vol. X., p. 225. 
f Other items printed in Vol. X., p. 226. 



ARCHIVES OF FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1304-5. 189 

misso (sic) custodi quinque Portuiim iij qiiartarii, et domino Johanni 
de Northewod'^i tunc Yicecomiti Kancie iij quartarii, et Willelmo de 
Beruefeld j quartarius, et Roberto de Stureye j quartarius. lu 
dicto melvello loiidaudo j J. In deuario dei''^'^ pro dicto nielvello 
emendo j d. 

Item in j quartario melvellorum empto et misso Waltero de 
Horsele,^"^ et Willelmo de Okyntore vij s. vj d. In londagio et por- 
tagio eiusdem j d. In salo ad idem j d. Item iu cariagio melvello- 
rum ad Dovor et Ilorton ij s. 

Item in expeusis apud Sandwys videlicet Ballivi, maioris, Johannis 
de Upmantou, die Jovis proxima ante festum Assumptionis beate 
Marie ij s. iij (/. o5., et pro ij equis locatis xvj </. Item in expensis 
Ballivi, ]\Iaioris, Eoberti Dod, et Walter! Bealde apud Cantuariam 
die sabbati in vigilia Assumptionis beate Marie xiiij d., et pro equis 
eorum xvj d. 

Item solutas domino Roberto de Burgherssbe x U. die lune in 
vigilia Sti. Bartliolomei. 

Summa xviij li. viij s. ix d. oh. 

c. Item in expensis maioris et Walteri Mareschal apud Cantu- 
ariam die Sti. Bartholomei et in vino pro Edmundo de Passele,'^ 
Roberto de Stureye, et Thoma Dod ix d., et pro equis locatis viij d. 

Item in expensis eoruudem ibidem die Jovis proxima post dictum 
festum j d. ob. q'K, et pro equis eorundem viij d. 

Item in expensis maioris Walteri Marescbal et Walteri Bealde 
apud Cantuariam die sabbati proxima post festum Sti. Bartliolomei 
commorando ibidem per j noctem ij s. iij d. et pro equis xij d. 

a. Item allocates Waltero Bealde pro divei'sis expensis apud Can- 
tuariam, Bobbinge, Patricksbourne et alibi v s. ix d. oh. 

h. Item in expensis Ballivi, Maioris, Roberti Dod, Walteri Maris- 
chal, Walteri Bealde, et aliorum, apud Cantuariam diebus Mer- 
curii, Jovis, et Veneris, proximis ante festum Sti. Bartliolomei 
dimidium marce preterea equos ; et pro equo maioris per predictos 
dies xij d. 

Item in expensis die martis proxima post festum decollationis 
Sti. Johannis scilicet maioris apud Cantuariam iiij d. et pro equo 

Item in expensis maioris apud Cantuariam die Jovis proxima 
post dictum festum v d. et pro equo iiij d. ; eodem die pro transcri- 
beudis billis ij d. pro hominibus Sti. Augustini. Item in expensis 
maioris apud Cantuariam dominica proxima ante festum Nativitatis 
beate Marie v d., et pro equo iiij d. 

Item traditos magistro Johanni Everard ad impetrandum breve 
dedimus potestatem vj d. 

Item in expensis maioris apud Cantuariam die Veneris proxima 
post festum Nativitatis beate Marie j d. oh. et pro equo iiij d. 

Item in expensis maioris apud Cantuariam die Martis in festo 
exaltationis Ste, crucis, et diebus Mercurii, Jovis, et Veneris 
proximo (sic) sequentibus iij s. vj d. una cum equis locatis. Item 
dates Ade de Rodewelle clerico domini Willelmi de Bereford-^'^ xl d. 

Item Willelmo de Wytefeld armigero eiusdem domini Willelmi 
xlJ. 



190 ARCHIVES OF FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1304-5. 

Item in expeusis maioris apud Cantuariara die dominica proxima 
ante festiim 8ti. Matlitn apostoli die lune iu vigilia et martis in 
festo eiiisdem xxj d. una cum cquo locato. 

Item iu expeusis maioris apud Cautuariam die Veneris proxima 
post festum 8ti. Matliei apostoli vj d. oh., et pro equo locato iiij d. 
oh. Item datos uuuciis de Dover' delereutibus litteras pro auro 
Regiue domiuica proxima ante festum Sti. Michaelis iiij d. Item 
pro cera per Jaeobum de Brenle oh. 

Item liberates Stephano Grlanvyle ad expensas suas versus 
Dover' ad peteudum bi^eve de ballivo per custodem liberandum x d. ; 
et pro equo sue locato viij d. 

Item in expeusis apud London' scilicet Eoberti de Stureye, 
Thome Dod, et maioris, incipieutibus die martis proxima ante 
festum Sti. Michaelis per xj dies sequeutes iiij li. xviij s. vj d. oh. ; 
una cum vino misso domiuo Willelmo de Bereford, et brevibus im- 
petrandis ut patet per quaudam cedulam, etista fiebatur ad loquen- 
dum cum predicto domino Willelmo de Bereford super illis que 
locuta f ueruut eidem apud Cautuariam. 

Item solutes pro quadam misericordia apud Boclaude pro maiore, 
scilicet quia occupatus commuuibus negociis, et uon potuit venire 
coram escahetore domini Regis, prout summonitus fuit vj d. 

Item iu expeusis Thome Everard, "Walter! Mareschal, R. Dod, S. 
Baldok, Jacobi Mercatoris, "Walteri Bealde, T. Aurifabri, S. Glau- 
vjle, W. Ostreman,^^ et R. Orre, apud Loudon' a die lune proxima 
post festum Sti. Deonisii commorando ibidem super placitum quidem 
eorum per quindenam, et quidem per viij septimanis et in exenniis 
scilicet uluis et aliis et in stipendio servientis curie, et in ex- 
peusis factis per eos per plures vices xx li. viij s. viij d. oh. qn, ut 
patet per j cedulam. Item allocates Waltero Bealde pro j creko 
communi ad ignem emendum ij d. Item in expeusis Maioris versus 
Dover' ad loqueudum cum Constabulario die {sic) martis et mercurii 
proxima post festum Sti. Nicholai iij s. ; et pro equo sue locato 
viij d. 

Item iu j equo locato pro maiore versus Oluesbocton ad loqueu- 
dum cum dicto domiuo Roberto die martis proxima post festum 
couceptionis beate Marie iiij d., et eodem die liberates Robulard 
eonti apud Dover' iij d. Item dat' Thome de Basinge pro labore 
suo et expeusis pro distriuxionibus quas Abbas ceperat liberandum 
die sabbati proxima ante festum Beati Thome apostoli xl d. ; et 
servienti suo vj d., et gai'coui suo ij d., et iu vino pro eisdem ij d. 

Item in j equo pro maiore versus Cautuariam in vigilia beati 
Thome apostoli ad loqueudum cum constabulario et vicecomite 
Kaucie iiij d. Item in expeusis maioris apud Cautuariam die 
beate Thome martiris ad loqueudum cum Constabulario et Roberto 
de Stureye, vij d. oh., et pro equo suo locato iiij d. ' 

Item in j equo locato pro maiore versus Oluesbocton [BougJiton 
Aluph) in crastino circumcisionis domini iiij d. 

Summa xxvij li. xiiij s. vij d. q^. 

Item solutes pro auro regine de fine millium marcarum pro quin- 
dena"^^ quiuque portuum vij li. viij s. ij d. 

Item in expeusis hominis defereutis dictos denarios apud 



ARCHIVES OF FAVEKSHAM, A.D. 1304-5. 191 

London iij s. Item in factura cuiusdam script! facti Nicholao de 
Brenle pro dictis denariis iij d. oh. Item liberates Thome Everard 
ad expensas suas versus Dovor' ad loqueudum cum Constabulario 
pro px'edictis denariis xij d. Item liberates David eonti versus 
Londou pro sotulariis vj d., et pro expeusis suis iij d. Item liberates 
"Waltero Bealde ad inquirendum ubi custos asset et ad loquendum 
cum ipso pro predictis denariis ij s. Item datos Thome de Basinge 
Ballivo AV^ard Uovor' quum veuiebat ad faciendas distrinxiones pro 
predictis denariis ut siipersederet iij s., et garconi suo vj d. Item 
liberates Stephano Glanvyle ad expensas suas vei'sus Brodhelle pro 
vinis promissis domino principi ij s. viij d. omnia ista fiebant per 
Jacobum de Brenle, dum mane fuit apud London. 

Sinnma viij li. xvj d. oh. 

Item datos garconibus Willelmi de Bernefeld'' et Elye clerici die 
lune proxima post festum Epiphanye domini vj d. Item in expensis 
pro Thoma le Eerster deminica proxima post festum Sti. Vincentii 
martiris vij d. oh., per visum Thome Everard et N. de Brenle. 

Item in expeusis Maieris et Stephani Grlanvyle et garconis 
eerum versus London' eoudo commorando et redeondo a die Martis 
proxima post festum conversionis Sti. Pauli videlicet in expensis 
dicti Stephani per xv dies et in expensis predict! maieris per xix 
dies una cum exenniis ibidem missis et una cum expensis factis pro 
Nicholao Tue et E/oberto BrembeP^ et aliis pro censuetudinibus ab 
eis rogatis et in expensis pro denariis domini Regis solvendis 
xxxix s. X d. oh. ut plenius patet per j cedulam. 

Item solutes Eoberto de Stureye de pensione sua de termino 
Sti. Michaelis ij marcas. 

Item solutes domino Eoberto de Wardelby de pensione sua de 
termino predicto xx s. 

Item solutes Edmunde de Passele de pensione de predicto ter- 
mino Nativitatis domini xx s. 

Item solutes apud London' ad complendam solutionem xx li. 
domini Regis de termino Sti. Michaelis Iv s. ij d. 

Item iu iiij millibus allecum emptis et missis vicecomiti Kancie 
XXV s. et pro pertagio earundem j d. 

Item allocates Alicie Seraan^ pro locatieue domus eiusdem^^ de 
terminis Sti. Michaelis et Nativitate domini xl d. 

Item in expensis maieris A^ersus Wy in festo Sti. Gregorii ad lo- 
queudum cum domino Constabulario vij d. oh., cum equo locate. Item 
in expensis Ballivi et maieris versus Hethe, ad audiendum ibidem 
mandatum domini Regis et ad alia negocia cum Constabulario 
expedita die lune, martis et mercurii proximis post festum Sti. 
G-regorii ij s. xj^?., et pro equis eerum locatis xvj d. 

Sum ma ix li. xvj s. j d. oh. 

Item solutes Galfrido Dagh^^ de denariis ques maior recepit ab 
eo apud London de ordeo ibi vendendo per eundem Galfridum iiij li, 
iiij s. j d. oh. Item in percameno empto pro rotulo compoti j d. oh. 

Item allocates Roberto Ded de expeusis factis apud Cantuariam 
die sabbati proxima ante festum Sti. Bartholemei in pisce mulett' 
xvj d. Item ibidem in vigilia Sti. Bartholemei in allece v </. ; in 
equis locatis pro eodem per vj vices apud Cantuariam ij s. 



192 AHCHTVES OP FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1305 AND 1321. 



Item allocatos eidem ])ro j equo ad opus Nicholai do Brenle 
versus Dovor per ij vices xvj d. 

Item datos Thome de l^awinge ballivo Ward pro distrinxionibus 
liberandis die Jovis in vi,ii;ilia Anuuneiationis domine iijs.,ct8er- 
vienti suo vj d. 

Item datos cuidam adferenti litteras a custodo die sabbati 
proximapost festum iit\. Ambrosii ij cl. 

Item in exponsis Koberti Dod et maioris apud Ilethe diebus mer- 
curii et Jovis proximis post clausum Pasche ad audiendum ibidem 
mandatum domiui Jiegis xiij d., et pro equis eorum locatis ij s. 

Item datos cuidam j^uncio adferenti litteras de servicio domini 
Regis dominica proxiina ante festum Sti. Elphegi ij d. Item in 
expensis maioris et Nicholai de Brenle^^ versus 13rodhelle die 
dominica et lune proximis ante festum Sti. Elphegi pro servicio 
domini Regis xx d., et pro equis eorum locatis ij s. Item datos 
Nuncio domini Regis adferenti litteras de servicio domini Regis die 
mercurii proxima post festum Sti. Elphegi iiij d, 

Summa c 5. iij d. 
SuMMA SuMMARUM Ixix H. xiij d. oh. q^. Item iiij d. 

Item pro misericordia dimidium marce et pro W. Ostreman v d. 
Item in ij copis vise' emptis ad equos constabularii die Jovis 
proxima post festum Sti. Elphegi xiij d. 

No. 2. 

Arreragia de tallagio facto die lune in festo Sti. Edmundi con- 
fessoris Anno regni regis Edwardi filii Regis Edwardi xv° et de aliis 
tallagiis precedentibus. 



Eegioald le Perker , . 
Joh'es ate Welle . . 
Thorn. Maycle . . . 
Eelicta Wil'mi ate Gate 
Kobtus. Pin .... 
Adam Sheawere . . . 
Johes. Seriant . . . 
Laur' le Heare . . . 
Adam Shipman . . . 
Eelicta Henr' Blobber' . 
Alanus Dagh^* . . . 
Vicar' de Faversham^" , 
Osbtus. le Eopere . . 
Thom' de Brenle'- . . 
Eobtus. Goldfinch" . . 
heredes Himo'is Baldok-' 
Eobtiis. le Hert39 . . . 
Joh'es Dokyn . . . 
Walt' ate Eye . . . 
Steph'us de Upmanton'° 
Stephiis. Yne .... 
Thorn' de Sendeheauede 
Eobtus. de Crescebrok . 
Eelicta Fort .... 
Joh'es Seman^^ . . . 

Eic'us Mas 

Johes. Godard . . . 
Johes. de Makenhauede^" 



iiij d. 

iij d. 

vj d. 

's.d. 

'. ij d. 

. _ inj d. 

, iij s. viij d. 

■ ij-^- vj^Z. 

XV iij d. 

xij d. 

xid. 

iiij d. 

vj d. 

iiij d. 

iiij d. 

Is. 

xij d. 

viij d. 

xxiiij s. 

xviij d. 

xij d. 

i j s. 

nj d. 

iij d. 

xrZ. 

viij d. 

x\d. 



Gilbertus de Brenle 
Thom' Sutor . . 
Eeginald Sutte. . , 
Will'us. de Cantuar« 
Hamo Dagh . . 
Matild' de Dovoi"^" 
Julyana Gravene'*' 
Barth'us de Sutton 
d'ns Eobtus. Bil 
Will'us Gyulph 
Will'us Warde 
Walt' Bealde's 
Hamo de Molesse''' 
Adam Forbisseur 
Chicheli Politt . 
Will'us Scarregge 
Lecia Baldok"' 
Henr' Cope . . 
Eelicta Not . . 
Philippus Sutor . 
Petr' ate Wode?' 
Thom' ate Stapele''^ 
Alicia Batekoc 
Philipp' de Grenhamme 
Eelicta Chubbe 
Will'us de Badelesmer''^ 
Walt' Strood . 
deonisia de Stopesdone^^ 



xxijd. 

iij d. 

viij d. 

iiij s. 

viij s. 

ij s. vij d. 

iij 5. xjd. 

xviij d. 

ixd. 

iijd. 

xij d. 

xijd. 

iiij d. 

xij d. 

viij d. 

xij d. 

viij d. 
xiiij d. 

viij d. 

_ viij d. 

iijs. yd. 

XX d. 

ij*. 

xij<^. 

ijd. 

viij d. 



ARCHIVES OF FAVERSHAM, A.T). 1321-2. 



193 



Willus. Damage . 
Bronn robyn . . 
Jacobus de Breule 



heredes Joh'is Ilymau 



maj,'!-' dom' Dei''^ 
Ric'ub Fotemaii . . 
Joh'es Kelftre . . 
Joh'es Soriant jnuior 
Robtus. de Popiudane 



iiij (I. 

viij d. 

. xvj s. iiij d. 



Thorn' de Copetone'""' 
Ilelicta Joh'i.s de London' 
Stathius Triturator . . 



I>i dorso. 
. XV s. viij d. I heredes Joh'is de Bronston''^ 

OSPRENGE. 



iij .1. V d. 

xxij d. 

ij*. vjd. 

vj d. 

yjd. 

Sdmma ixlib. ixs. ]d. 



Johes. le Rok . . 
Hamo Asketyn 
Ric'us ate Sindane" 
Frater Robti. Lullo 



vj d. 
vj d. 
XV d. 



xi]d 



xij d. 
xij d. 
iiij d. 
viij d. 



No. 3. 

Compotus Johanuis Groldwyne de tallagio facto pro servicio 
doniini Regis die Luue proxima post festum trauslationis Eeati 
Thome niartiris anno Eegni Regis Edwardi filii Eegis Edwardi 
sexto decimo, tempore Roberti le Hert tunc maioris. 

Arreragia. — Idem respoudet de vij //. xj d. q.'^ de arreragiis 
temporum precedeutium. 

Et de xxi II. xvij s. de tallagio supradicto. Et de iij s. iij d. receptis 
a Ricardo Gravene ad deiiarium solutum domino Priore die 

Et de vij s. ix d. de Laurencio Tannatore^^ de tallagio facto die 
martis proxima ante festum Sti. Augustini in anno quinto decimo de 
quo Robertus de Silgrave^*^ collector. 

Et de xl d. receptis de Roberto Dod nomine Jobannis le 
Wronghe^'' de tallagio predicto. 

Et de dimidia marca recepta de magistro domus Dei*^- tallagii 
predict! tallagio facto die martis predicta. 

Summa totalis receptorum xxix U. xix s. j d. oh. 

EXPEJSTS AS : — liberates Jobanui le Barbour juniori^^ ad expeusas 
suas versus Sandwycum ad sciendum qualiter homines eiusdem ville 
se habebant pro servicio domiui Regis faciendo ij s. per manus 
Johannis Seman. 

Item solutos Petro Hanyn^^ iij s. iiij d. sibi a retro de fara 
Scotbie precepto maioris &c. per visum Roberti de Silegrave. 

Item solutos Thome Dagb in vigilia Apostolorum Petri et Pauli 
xij s. vij d. per tall que continet xlij «. 

Item solutos Thome Celrer pro j malo et j virga ad batellum vij s. 
vj d. precepto maioris. Item solutos pro j remige ad batellum vj d. 

Item solutos Thome Bealde ij s. vj d. precepto maioris et per j 
tall' que attinet xix s. vj (^. Item datos cuidam nuncio adferenti 
litteram a Willelmo Le Rou^^ propter deuarios sibi promissos iiij d. 
Item solutos Waltero Copyn pro posto'e cordar' ad navem xij d. 

Summa xxix s. viij d. 

Item solutos Thome Dagb dominica proxima post festum Traus- 
lationis beati Thome martiris iiij li. v s. vj d. per visum maioris ad 
expensas nautarum. 

Item solutos Roberto Dod ])ro ciser' ab eo sumpto ad navem versus 
Skothiam xxxvij s. j)er visum maioris. Item in j exenuio misso 
domino Nicholao de Cryel Constabulario in Abbathiam die veneris 

TOL. XIT. O 



194 AECniVES OF FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1322. 

proxima ante festum beate Margarete iu pane xviij d., in vino ij s. 
iij d. oh. 

Item dates cuidam Cartario dueenti Anctualia usque la sliore iijd. 

Item dates duobus nunciis domiui Regis die Jovis proxima aute 
festum Sancti Petri ad vincula vj d. ex loculo Roberti de Silegrave. 
Item misso AVillelmo le Ron per parvum Johannem die veneris 
proxima ante predictum festum xx s. 

Item liberates dieto Johanni pro expeusis suis deferenti predictos 
denarios ad Dover' iiij d. Item dates cuidam nuncio Domini Regis 
adferenti breve propter grosser'®*' die sabbati proxima ante festum 
Sti. Petri ad vincula vj d. in jantaculo eiusdem ad tabernam ij d. oh. 
precepto maioris. 

Item in j exenuio misso domino Nicholao de Criol* in Abbatliiam 
die sabbati in crastino sancti salvatoris in pane xij d. in vino xx d. 
Item dates cuidam nuncio domini Regis adferenti breve domini 
Regis propter grosser' ad festum decollationis Sancti Johannis vj d. 

Item liberates Waltero Marischal et Stephano ate Melle pro 
expensis suis coram Arcliiepiscopo apud Cantuariam die veneris 
proxima ante festum Sti, Martini ij s. Item in uno exennio misso 
domino Nicholao de Cryel constabulario die lune proxima ante 
festum Sti. Edmundi Regis ad domum Nicholai de Brenle iu pane 
xij d., in vino xx d. 

Item in expensis Willelmi le Barber versus Sandwycum ad 
sciendum qualiter naute se habebaut versus flotam xx d. Item 
dates cuidam Massatori de Dover' vj d. per maiorem. 

Item solutes Abbati de Faversham de termino Sti. Michaelis cs. 

Siimma xij U. xvij s. j d. 

Item in nave La Barge ducenda ex marisco usque ad Warvam 
iiij d. Item liberates Willelmo Le Barber servienti ad unam 
tunicam v s. precepto maioris. 

Item datos cuidam nuncio de Dover adferenti transcriptum 
breve domini Regis quod passagium melius custodietur*^^ die Lune 
proxima ante festum Sti. Petri in cathedra vj d. 

Item in cera empta ad sigillandam litteram ad dominum Regem 
propter Petrum Hanyn et alios j d. 

Item datos cuidam nuncio domini Regis adferenti breve domini 
Regis die lune proximo post festum Sti. Gregorii quod haberemus 
duos homines coram ipso domino Rege vj d. 

Item datos ij nunciis domini Regis die martis proximo post 
dictum festum iij d. Item liberates Johanni Wade ad expensas 
suas versus Sandwycum ad sciendum diem quando homines de 
Sandwyco transirent versus dominum Regem apud York iiij d. 
Item liberates Heurico Andreu^i et Ade Shipman ad expensas suas 
versus dominum Regem apud York die veneris proximo ante 
dominicam Palmarum Ix s. Item datos cuidam nuncio adferenti 
breve domini Regis propter pacem inter dominum Regem et Flan- 
driam in vigilia Pasche vj d. Item datos ij nunciis domini Regis 
dominica Pasche iiij d. 

Item datos nuncio domini Regis adferenti breve domini Regis 
die lune in festo Sti. Ambrosii quod haberemus duos homines apud 
London coram domino Rege vj d. Item liberates Ricardo le 



ARCHIVES OF FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1322-3. 195 



Taylur die sabbati proximo post dictimi festum pro expensis suis et 
Eoberti de Silegra^-e versus London et ibidem x s. 

Item in stipendio Johannis Goldvvyne clerici a festo Nativitatis 
Sti. Johannis Baptista) usque in idem festum per annum xxvj s. viij d. 
etejusdcm Jolianuis a festo Nativitatis Sti. Johannis Baptista) usque 
in ferstum Nativitatis domini j marcam. 

Item allocates Thome de Brenle pro denariis solutis apud Jerne- 
muwe V6". xd. oh. 

Summa vj //. iiij s. ij d. oh. 

Summa omnium expensarum et liheratorum xx li. x s. xj d. oh. 

Summa omnium arreragiorum xiij U. xj s. iiij d. 

Summa summaeum omnium expensarum et liberatorum et 
arreragiorum xxxiiij li. ij s. iij d. oh. 

Et sic rcmanet communitas in debito Johannis Groldvpyne^^ clerici 
de isto compote iiij U. iij s. ij d. 

Memorandum quod iste compotus redditus fuit coram 
Henrico Andreu maiore, Eobto le Hert, Eobto de Silegrave, Ricardo 
Gravene, Johanue de Wyngham, Roberto de Crossebrok, Eicardo 
le Tayleir, Thoma Batekoc, Ricai'do Dreyland, Philippe Note, et 
aliis, die veneris proxima ante festum Sti. Gregorii anno Eegis 
predicti xviijo. 

No. 4. 

Arreragia de tallagio facto die lune proximo post festum trans- 
lationis beate Thome Martiris anno regni regis Edwardi filii Eegis 
Edwardi xvj°. 

Joh'es de Upmanton'" iiij*. vs.(l. oh. q" 



heredes Willi, ate — 
Willus. Kelle . . 
heredes Johis. Brest 
Eobtus. Pin . . . 
heredes Rog'i Orre' 



ix d. 

. . ij*. 

• . • . . "^J '^• 
ij s. iij d. oh. qa 

. ivij d. oh. q" 



Vicar' de Faversham"" . . xij d. 

Will'us de Dovor'^" ... vj d. 

Petr' de Capella^'' .... xij d. 

Audr' Mercator \d. oh. 

Will'us Pate ii]d. 

Walt' Mareschal- .... xxj<?. 

Mabilia Bealde'^ .... iij d. 
heredes Walteri de Upmanton'o vj d. 

Relicta Rid. Hockele . . iij d. 

Joh'es Weliwer .... xij d. 

heredes Thome Everard" . vj d. 

Johes. Jokyn di' marc' 

Rad'ns Note--' vj d. 

heredes 8imo'is Baldok-' . xxj d. 

Joh'es le Barbour^^ _ _ _ xviij d. 

Steph'us de Upmanton'" . iiij .?. 

Thorn, et Ric'us Bealde'* . ix d. 

Robtus. de Cressebrok . . iij s. vj d. 

heredes Steph'i Everard" . xij d. 

Simon ate Stocke ... ij d. 

Lenerd de Stapeya''^ ... iij d. 

Thorn' Dagh^^ xxj d, 

Petr' Hanyn^^ vj r/. 

Gilbtus. de Brenle'" ... iij d. 

Ric'us Digou iiij d. 



Will'us Chandeler ... iij d. 

Ric'us le Taylur .... 7id. oh. 

Osbtus. Seman'*^ .... vj r^. 

Hamo Dagh^^ xv rf. 

Thorn' Cherlman .... ij d. 

Matild' de Dovor^" . . . xij d. 

Juliana Fineghe .... vj rf. 

Rog' de Brunston .... xxj d. 

Ric'us ate Lavendc . . . iij d. 

Bartholomeus de Suttoue . iij d. 

Joh'es le Taylur .... iij d. 

Jaket de Makenhauede . . vj d. 

Gylbod Noreys iij d. 

Steph'us Lynethe .... v d. q" 

Thorn' Tegulator .... ix</. 
Cecilia Wlobestu' et parcenar' sui v d. 

Petr' iSeman ij s. vj ^. 

Relicta Robti. Chinalor . . iij d. 

Robtus. Brembel .... ix^. 

Will'us Grenehelde ... vj d. 

Johes. Brembel .... vj r^. 
Agnes raanens juxta domum 

Robti. Dod .... \\d. 

Walt' Bealde vij (^. oh. 

Ric'us Haroward .... iij s. iij d. 

Hugo Skot iiij d. oh. 

Allauus ate Forde. . . . di' marc' 

heredes Robti. le Re we . . vj ^. 

Alicia Batekoc . . . . iij s. iij d 

O 2 



19G AllCniVES OF FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1323-4. 



Thorn' Batckoc . . 
Wiirus Coreour . . 
Emma ate rirye?' 
I'hilippns dc Grenlcve 



hercdcs . . . 
heredcs . . . 



xij d. 
iiij d. 
iiij d. 
Yjd. 



Adam dc Broctouc 

Will'us . . 

Walt' us . . 

Osbcrtus . . 



In dorno. 



V] *. 

ij d. (f 

s\d. 



mag r — 
Johes — 
Math'us 



iij d. 

xij d. 

v]d. 

iiij d. oh. 



ij .«. j d. 
ixd. 



SUMMA iiij IL iij .s. iij d. 



Arreragia de fine facta 
proximo post festum 8ti 
filii Eegis Edwardi xvj 

Rob' t us Goldfinch 
Simon Sikoc . . . 
Jlagera. de Brenle . 
Andr' Mercatoi* . . 
.Toh'es de Makeuhauede 
Joh'es de Wynchelse 
yteph'us de Upmauton 
Thorn' dc 



Will'us ate Forstall 
Rog' de Bromstou 
Will'us de Chollok 
Will'us de Greuehelde 



No. 5. 

coram marischal domini Eegis die sabbti 
. Ambrosii anno regni regis Edwardi 



\]d. 
iij d. 
iij d. 
xij d. 
xviij d. 
vj d: 

vj d. 

xij d. 

iiij d. 
iiij d. 



iij d. 


Rob'tus Dod . . . 


viij d. 


Joh'es Frere junior . 


id. 


Henr' Frere senior . 


vj d. 


Matild' de Dovor . . 


\jd. 
iiij d. 


Joh'es Dreylond . . 
Thorn' Batekoc . . 


xviij d. 
vid. 


Joh'es Gylward . . 
Allanus ate Forde 


vj d. 
V] d. 
vj d. 


Steph'us ate Wode . 
Kyugesmelle^'^ . . 
Laur' Tannator 


vj d. 


Mabel de Brokedele"* 


iij d. 


SUMM. 



Summa de arreragiis Johannis Goldwyne de unotallagio deanno 
xv°, et de anno xvj", de duobus tallagiis ; et de arreragiis de fine 
domini Regis de anno xvj" que continet xiij U. xviij s. x d. q^. 

Item de tallagio Thome Dagh anno xviij" que continet vij li. 
vij s. 

Summa summarum xx li. xix s. v d. q°- preter arreragia Ricardi 
de Grravene. 

Summa de arreragiis Johannis Gromer' de fine domini Regis 
anno decimo nono et continet xxv s. j d. 

Summa de Arerag' Ricardi de G-ravene anno xvj° et continet 
X Ji. vij s. iiij d. 

No. 6. 

Arreragia tallagii f acti die lune proximo post festum Sti. Bartho- 
lomei anno regni regis Edwardi filii Regis Edwardi octavo decimo ; 
tempore tuncMaioris Ricardi de Gravene, per dominum Robertum de 
Kandale militem, et constabularium castri Dovor', custodemque quin- 
que portuum, electi et coram ipso pro domino Rege jurati ; et per 
dictum maiorem et communitatem Thomas Dagh electus dictum 
tallagium colligendum, quecapiendum compotum eisdem reddendum. 



Abbas de Faversham 
Elemosinar' de Faversham 
Will'us Coneyire'*'. . . 
Petr' Schipman . . . 



}' 



xiiJ5. vj^-^. 

iij^. 
xs-d. 



Rob'tus Pyn . . . 
hered' Rog'i Urre . . 
Adam Schipman . . 
hered. Thome Hauyn 



ix5. vr7. oh. q" 
. iiij A', ixrf. (lb. 
, . XX d. 

. . iij d. 



AUCHIVES OF FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1324. 197 



Walt'us Poynaunt . . 


X (1. 


Thorn. Celrer .... 


xij d. 


Rog's Upeknyne . . 


\\ d. 


Wiirus de Creaston . . 


ij d 


Note Fordyng .... 


ij d. 


Adam Page 


j d. oh. 


Henr' ate Forde . . . 


iij d. 


lielicta Kob'ti Carpenter 


ii'j d. 


Juliana de CapellaS* . . 


■ iij .»• vj d. 


Thom' de Brenle . . . 


xviij d. 


Johanna Mareschal . . 


y]d. 


hered. Walt'i Mareschal 


iij d. 


WillV le Carpenter . . 


V s. 


Mabella Bealde . . . 


iij d. 


Eelicta Puc"i Hokkele . 


iij d. 


iSteph's de Makenhauede 


. vj s. viij d. 


Et pro tenemento . . . 


vj d. 


Kob'tus le Hert . . . 


. xl s. q'ss' 


ITer. Thome Everard 


vj s. 


Job's Dikyn .... 


. vj5. viij^Z. 


hered' Simonis Baldok . 


ix d. 


Stepb'n de Upmanton . ■> 


s'ij s. in] d.ob. 


Thom' Bealde .... 


ix d. 


Ric's Bealde .... 


xij d. 


Hered' Steph'i Everard 


X,f. 


Petr' Hanyn .... 


vj d. 


Gilb'tus le Bray . . . 


iii d. 


Thom' de Stokis . . . 


ij d,. 


Gilb'tus de Brenle . . 


xviij d. 


Et de gracia sua . . . 


. vj s. viij d. 


premiss' coram maiore e a 


;ri carlo 


de Faversham et cete 


■is fide 


dignis Summa iiij IL 


vij s. iij d. q" 


Hered. Job's de Upman- 




ton iiij 


s. ix d. ob. qc- 


Ric'us le Tayllour . . 


. Ys. ^d. ob. 



Oscbertus Seman .... vj d. 

Hcnr' Andreu ij *• vj d. 

Will'ns Tannator .... i] d. 

Job's Poynaunt .... jd. ob. 

Arnoldus Faber .... jd. ob. 

Will's Owwyne .... iij ^Z. 

Berth's de Suttone ... xv d. 

Joh'es Taylour .... iij d. 

Simon le Webbe .... iij d. 

Thom' Eyolf iij d. 

Job's le Wronge .... ij «. ij d. 

Matild's Lynche .... iij ^. 
Eob'tus Lulle .... xij d. ob. q" 

Steph'ns Lynche .... \ d. q"* 

Thom. le Teghelere ... vj d. 

Rob'tus Niele iij d. 

Will'ns Hottewelle . . . iij (/. 

Hered. Job 'is le Reade . . iij d. 
Celestris Blobber' et parcenar' sui vj s. 

P]mma Sadeleris .... iij d. 

Will's de Ikham .... iij d. 

Relicta Steph'i Caldelot. . j d. ob. 

Edmundus de Horapoldre . ij d. 

Job's de Molesshe capellanus vj d. 
Robtus. de Selgrave ... xij s. vj d. 

Job's Johnet ]d. ob. 

Job's Godyer v]d. 

Rob't Dod xiiij s. 

Matild' de Dover .... xviij d. 

Relicta Joh'is Dreilond . . iiij s. 

Job's de Berewell ... iij d. 

Ric'us Foghelere .... xx rf. 

Relicta Tristrammi Aurifabri iij d. 

Job's Coreour iij d. 

AUanus ate Forde ... x ^. 

Rob'tus Morecok .... iiij d. oh. 

Summu iij IL viij s. viij d. ob. q". 



In dorso. 



Adam . . . 

Rob'tus le Hert»9 . . . 

Will'us . . . 

Philippus de Grenhamme 

Will's Syon 

Edmundus Carnifex . . 
Jacobus de Brenle^^ . . 



d. 

\]d. 

xviij d. ob. 

vj d. 

iiij d. 

vj d. 

xij d. 

iij d. 

vs. xd. 



Rog's Tanoige .... 

Thom' .... 

Margaret' de Yoklete''^ . 
Statius Triturator . . 
Hered' Joh"is Homan . 
hered' Job's de Creaton' 
Alicia Scoshis .... 
Her' Joh'is de Bronston'*^ 



iijd. 
XV d. 
iijd. 
iij d. 
vjd. 
xij d. 
ix d. ob. q" 
vj d. 



ij*- 



V] .S'. 



Summa xxvj *. ij d. 



Magister domus Dei de Os- 

prenge . . , 
Ric'us Poteman . , 



hered. Joh'is Ledel 
Matheus Carnifex 
Adam Caperoun . 



vj s. ix d. 

iij d. 

ixd. 
xvj d. ob. 

iij d. 

iiij d. 



OSPEENGB. 

Michael de Brokedale 
Ric'us Askctyn . . 
Job's Rener . . . 
Heur" Longestep 



Joh"s Seriaunt senior 
Job's le Rok . . . 



vj<^. 
iiij d. 
iiij d. 
iiij d. 
iiij d. 
xij d. 



Swmna xij s. vj d. 

Summa summarum totius arreragii ix li. xiiij s. viij d. 



198 ARCHIVES OF FAVERSUAM, A.D. 1304;-24. 



NOTES. 

(1) liiu/rr Orrr. See Arch. Cant., Vol. X.. p. 227 («). 

(2) Widtrr Miirhchal. «ee ^l;'t'/(. t'rt?if., Vol. X., p. 230 (0- Johanna and 
the heirs of Walter arc mentioned in the arrears of tallage of 18 Ed. II. Dionis 
Merchalis is named in a list of brewers at Faversham, in a tallage of 1 Ed. III. 

(8) Jlvbert dc Stvrey received from the men of Faversham an annual 
pension for his help. Geoffrey de Sturey was a Juror on Inquests held by the 
Sheriff of Kent and bailiffs of Canterbury, 3o Hen. III. Kich'' de Sturey was 
Member of Parliament for Salop 23 Ed. I., and for Shrewsbury 29 Ed. I. and 
6 Ed. II. Henry de Sturey was Member of Parliament for Canterbury, and 
John de Sturey was Member for Barnsta})le, 15 Ed. II. Sir Thomas Sturey 
possessed the manor of Lee from the time of Rich'' II. until the reign of Hen. VI. 
{Arch. Cant., II., pp. 303, 304 ; Hastcd's Hist, of Kent, i., p. 04 ; Farliamintary 
Jt^turn, 1878.) 

(4) Constahularhis. Sir Robert de Burghersshe was Constable of Dover 
Castle, and Warden of the Cinque Ports, 29, 80, 31, 33, and 34 Ed. 1. He is 
descriiaed in one of the Faversham Records as Lieutenant of Sir Step, de 
Pencester, Constable and Warden in 25 Ed. I. He summoned Jeffery Bocton, 
Abbot of Faversham, to appear at Shipwey and answer for trespasses com- 
mitted. As the Abbot declined to attend, he was arrested and sent to Dover 
Castle. The Archbishop thereupon cited the Warden in his ecclesiastical court, 
and on Sir Robert refusing to plead he was condemned. The King, however, 
compelled the Archbishop to reverse his sentence. Bartholomew, son of Sir 
Robert, lived at Plumstead. He was knighted at the taking of Caerlaverock in 
1300, and was Warden of the Ports in the 1st, 23rd, and 28th of Ed. III. 
Another Robert de Burghersshe appears to have succeeded Edmund of Wood- 
stock as Warden, 4 Ed. III. Sir Jiobert de Kendjile is named in the Faversham 
tallage arrears as Warden and Constable, 18 Ed. II. Sir Nicholas de Criol 
was Constable, 16 Ed. II. In 19 Ed. II. he was appointed Admiral from the 
Thames westward, with orders to prevent all suspected persons from sailing 
out of the kingdom. While the Queen was preparing to land, the fleet sailed 
to the westward and took 170 sail fi'om the French, and brought them safe into 
harbour. (Farley's Weald of Kent, ii., pt. 1, p. 227 ; Hist. MSS. Commission, 
IV. Rep\ p. 425 b. ; Knocker's Court of Shijjwai/, pp. 109 to 112.) 

(5) Ballivus. See Arch. Cant.. X., p. 228 (^). Wm. de Chepstede was 
bailiff in 1292 ; VVm. de Makenhauede in 1295 ; Thomas Everard 1306 ; Walter 
le Osterman before 1306 ; and Stephen de la Dane in 1321. 

(6) Nnncio de Scaccarii. See Arch. Cant., X., p. 22S (&). 

(7) Roger ate Doune. The name of Roger ate Doune does not appear 
amongst those of inhabitants of Faversham. In 1227 Hamon de la Downe had 
land in or near Yalding. He also held Downe Com-t in Lenham, as half a 
knight's fee ; as did Lawrence heir of Robert de la Downe, 20 Ed. III. John 
Downe lived there, and died possessed 6 Ed. IV. and left issue, by his wife 
Isabella, two sons, John and Thomas. Thomas and Gilbert ate Dune were 
Jurors on an inquest as to lands of Robert de Sevantz, 33 Hen. III. Robert ate 
Doune held half a knight's fee in Lenham, 38 Hen. III. John ate Doune was 
Member of Parliament for Seaford. 19 Ed. II. Downe Court Manor in Downe 
parish belonged, in the reigns of Ed. I. and II., to Rich'' de Downe, who, with 
his wife Margery, was buried in the chancel of Downe Church. The family 
was extinct there before the middle of Edward III.'s reign. In 20 Ed. HI., 
John, son of John de la Doune, paid aid at making the Black Prince a knight, 
for the 10th of a knight's fee in Byerlynges. (Hasted's Hi.'^t. of Kent, i., p. 116, 
ii., pp. 200, 374, 449 ; Arch. Cant., II., p. 297, XII., p. 232.) 

(8) Vicecomes KancicB. Warretius de Valoignes, who had possessions at 
Newington near Hythe, was Sheriff, 32 and 33 Ed. I. (to Mich. 1804) ; and he 
was succeeded by John de Northwode, who held office for two years in 34 and 
35 Ed. L 

C9) W. Bernefeld. William Bernefeld was locum tcncns of the Constable 
of Dover Castle. In the Weald of Kent there are the hundreds of Great or 
East Barnfield, and Little or West Barnfield. 



ARCHIVES OF TAVERSHAM, A.D. 1304-24. 199 

(10) Dc Upmnnton. See Arch. Cant., X., p. 229 (^;). "Walter, and his two 
sons, Thomas and John, arc mentioned in the Writs of 1305 ; Stephen and 
John, and the heirs of Walter, are named in the arrears of the tallage of 1322 ; 
and Stephen, and the heu's of John, in the arrears of the tallage of 1324:. The 
wife of Stephen is described as a brewer in a tallage of 1327. Stephen was 
Mayor in 1343. John was defendant in a fine of lands in Davington, Murston, 
lAiddenham, Stone, and Hernhill, (J Ed. II. Alice, John, and Richard are 
mentioned in an Inquest as to the Kentish rebellion in 1382. There is a hamlet 
in Be.xley parish called Upton. The Manor of Sibbertswold has also been 
known as Upton Wood ; a farm called Upton is in the borough of Felderland, 
and parish of Word. 

(11) Evrrard. See Arch. Cant., X., p. 229 (»). Thomas Everard was 
bailiff of Faversham, 35 Ed. I. Stephen, and Johanna his wife, and Stephen 
their son, were plaintiffs in a fine of land in Norton and Buckland, 2 Ed. II. ; 
Thomas, son of Thomas, and Johanna were plaintiffs in a fine of lands in 
Davington, Murston, Uuddenham, Stone, and Hernehill, 6 Ed. II. Margaret, 
daughter of Thomas, was defendant in a fine of messuage, land, and rents in 
Davington. Jlurston, Lnddenham, Eavershara, and Stone; and Johanna, 
widow of Thomas, was wife of Walter Copyn, 7 Ed. II. Thomas was chai'ged 
for the half of" Kynges mille." in faversham, in a tallage, 1 Ed. III. Thomas 
was Member of Parliament for Canterbury, 2 Ed. III. ; Edmund, for Somerset, 
34 Ed. I.; 6 and 7 Ed. II. ; and John for Eochester, 4Hen. VI. {Arch. Cant., 
XT., pp. 317. 356 ; XII., p. 298. Parliamentary Betnrn, 1878.) 

(12) Be Brcnle. See Arch. Cant., X., p. 231 {e), where the name is misspelt 
" Brenle." Nicholas is mentioned in Computi of 33 Ed. I., and 16 Ed. II. ; 
James in Computus of 33 Ed. I., tallage arrears of 15 and 18 Ed. II. ; Thomas 
and Gilbert, in Computus of 16 Ed. II, and tallage arrears of 15 and IS Ed. II. ; 
and Blagera, in Computus of 16 Ed. II. Nicholas was a Jurat in 1292 ; and 
James was Mayor in 1303. Thomas is named in a tallage at Faversham, 
1 Ed. III., as a taverner. Henry and Lawrence were named in an Inquest as 
to the Kentish rebellion in 1881. Brenley, in the neighbouriug parish of 
Bough ton-under-Blean, gave name to a family, one of whom, Sii" Lawrence de 
Brinlcy, flourished there in the reign of Ed. I., and in his descendants it con- 
tinued, till one of them sold it to .John Eoper, who died in 1489. (Hasted's 
JTwit. Kent, iii., p. 2 ; Arch. Cant., III., p. 89.) 

(13) Dod. See Arch. Cant., X.. p. 228 (J). Robert, and Tho" his son, are 
mentioned in the Computus of 33 P^d. I., and Robert alone in Computus 16 Ed. 
II., and tallage arrears 16 and 18 Ed. II. In the seventh year of Ed. II., 
Thomas, of Faversham. Johanna, his wife, and John, his son, were plaintiffs, 
and Robert Dod, of Faversham, and Simon de Chilton, chaplain, defendants, 
in a fine of a messuage and thirty-six acres in Faversham ; Robert Dod, and 
Thomas, his sou, were plaintiffs in a fine of land in Ospringe ; Robert was 
plaintiff, and Thomas defendant, in a fine of land in Ospringe, Faversham, and 
Preston. In a tallage at Faversham. 1 Ed. III., the wife of Rob. Dod is 
charged in the list of brewers. Galfrid Dod was Member of Parliament for 
Warwick Borough, in 1314 ; and Roger for New Romney, in 1378. Lady dc 
Roos, John Dode, John Fleming, and their coparceners, paid aid for one 
knight's fee. in 20 Ed. III., which Rich'' de Chilham before held in Witherling, 
in Moldash parish. Robert Dodde was seised of Southouse, in Selling, 4 Eliz. 
{Arch. 0?«^. XII., pp. 293, 29.5, 300; Hasted's Hist. Kent., iii., pp. 24, 144 ; 
Parliamentary Pctnrn, 1878.) 

(14) Batecok. See Arch. Cant., X.. p. 231 (.//"). Roger and Thomas are 
mentioned in Computus of 33 Ed. I. ; Thomas, in tallage arrears, of 16 Ed. II. ; 
and Alicia, in tallage arrears, of 15 and 16 Ed, II. ; Elena, Alicia, and the wife 
of Thomas are charged as brewers in a tallage, 1 Ed. III. 

(15) Le Heare. Walter le Heare was Juror in an Inquest as to land in Dene, 
37 Hen. III. {Arch. Cant., II., p. 310.) 

(16) Boger le Brabazon and Gilbert dc Bobcry were Judges at West- 
minster. 

(17) Andrew de BatJcscomhc. Andrew docs not appear as an inhabitant of 
Faversham. William was a Juror in an extent of the lands of the Earl of 
Albermarle, in Kent, 44 Hen. III. Thomas was Member of Parliament for 



200 AucnivES OF faversham, a.d. 1304-24. 

Eochcstcr, 2fi Ed. I., and Robert 29, 33, 34 Ed. I., 1, 2, r,, 6, 7, and 11 Ed. II. 
{Arch. Cant., III., p. 21;) ; Pnrliamcn^ary Return, 1878.) 

(IS) JJcalde. See Arch. Cunt., X., p. 231 (//). Walter was a Jurat of 
Faversham, in 1292. He is mentioned in the Computus of 33 Ed. I., and 
tallage arrears of 1(5 Ed. II. Wolmer is named in the Computus of 33 Ed. I. ; 
Tliumas in the computus and tallaj^e arrears of 1(5 and 18 Ed. 11. ; Alabilia and 
Richard in the tallat^e arrears of l(i and IS Ed. II. ; and Rich'' amonfrst the 
tipplers in a tallage 1 liil. III. In 1534, Tho» Bealde, of Godmer.sham, died, 
seised of Rhodes Court, in Selling, leaving issue by Godleafe, his wife, two 
daughters, to whom he devised that Manor in tail general. (Hasted's Hist. 
Kent, iii.. p. 24.) 

(19) Dc Banhifie. John and Thomas arc described in the Computus of 33 
Ed. I. as bailiffs of the Guard of Dover Castle. John de Basinge was M.P. for 
Southampton county 5 Ed. II. : William de Basinge, of Kennardington. was 
knighted at Caerlaverock in 1300 ; was Sheriff of Kent 7 Ed. II. ; M.P. for Kent 
8 Ed. II., and died in that year, leaving Margaret his widow, only daughter and 
heiress of Sir Thomas de Normanville. Through her he became entitled to the 
Manor of Kennardington and a large inheritance in Rutlandshire. He was 
descended from Solomon de Basinge, Sheriff of London, in the last year of 
King John, and from Adam de Basinge, Lord ]\Iayor of London, 3') Hen. III., 
on the site of whose house Blackwell Hall was afterwards built, and from whom 
the adjoining street and Ward were called Basinghall Street and Basing Ward. 
Several Basings were afterwards Sheriffs of London. Sir Tho^, son of Sir Wil- 
liam and Margaret, died 23 Ed. III. He left a son, John, then eight years old, 
who was afterwards knighted, and died 7 Rich. II., leaving a son, Thomas, 
who died without issue. Sir John de Basing, his uncle, succeeded to his in- 
heritance, and died, 24 Hen. VI., without issue. Alice Marworth, his sister, 
then became entitled. (Hasted's 7//^^. Kent, i., cviii ; iii., 115, 116.) 

(20) Heremord. Henry Hereword is mentioned in the Computus of 33 
Ed. I. ; and Richd. Hareword in the tallage arrears of IG Ed. II. ; the wife of 
Richard, in a list of brewei's, in a tallage of I.Ed. III. Rich. Hereword held 
one quarter of a knight's fee in Barfi'eston, 38 Hen. III. William was owner of 
laud in Eastling, 46"Hen. III. John was M.P. for Arundel, 30 Ed. I. Wm. 
Hereword, knt., was M.P. for Devon, 14 Ed. II., and Wm. was M.P. for Corn- 
wall, 17 Ed. 11. Thomas was Mayor of Faversham in 1473. {Arch. Cant.. III., 
p. 252 ; XII., p. 210 ; Parliamentary Betvrn, 1878.) 

(21) Baldok. Simon is named, with other townsmen, as defendant in a 
writ of Capias, at the suit of Philip de Jutebergh, 2 June, 33 Ed. I. ; in the 
Computus of 33 Ed. I. ; in a writ at the suit of the Abbot of Faversham, 16 
June, 34 Ed. I., for removing chattels which the Abbot had distrained ; the 
heirs of Simon are referred to in the tallage arrears, 15, 16, and 18 Ed. II. ; and 
Lecia, in the tallage arrears of 15 Ed. 11. 

(22) Goldrinch. See Arch. Cant., X., p. 228 (?). 

(23) Dreylond. The family of Dreyloud, or Dryland, held an important 
position in the town and neighbourhood of Faversham, and resided at Cooks- 
ditch, in Faversham, from the time of Ed. III. until the reign of Hen. VII. 
Wyuand de Dryland was Rector of Snodland, in 1295. Robert Dreyland held 
a tenement in Sheldwich, 1305. John is mentioned in the Computus of 33 
Ed. I., and the fine arrears of 16 Ed. II. ; and his widow in the tallage arrears 
of 18 Ed. II. Richard is named in the Computus of 16 Ed. II. John was 
M.P. for Kent in 1425. James Dryland was of Davington ; he possessed 
Royton manor in Lenham in the reign of Hen. VI. His daughter and sole 
heiress, Constance, married, 1st, Sir Thomas Walsingham, 2ndly, John Grene, 
Esq. By her first marriage, she had three sons and one daughter. She died in 
1476. In 1486, Robert Drilond, gent., and John Driloud of Loudon, draper, 
with other feoffees, granted in pursuance of the will of James Drilond deceased 
a rent-charge of 6s. 8d., out of lands in Davington, Preston, Ospringe, Oare, 
Stone, Luddenham, and Faversham, to be bestowed by the Churchwardens of 
Faversham on the annual obit and commemoration of James Driland. Richard 
Dryland lies buried, with Catherine his wife (daughter of Sir Maurice Brune, 
knt.), in St. George's Church, Botolph Lane. London. He died 1487. In 5 
Hen. VIIL, Reginald Dryland married Christian, daughter and coheir of 



ARCHIVES OF FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1304-24. 201 

George Hant of Phickley, and widow of John Bering. He died 2.3 Hen. VII. 
William Dryland, 21 Heu. VII., died seised of 144 acres in Favershatn and 
Prestou ; and Kichard and Matthew were his sons and heirs. Richd. Dryland, 
senr., was Mayor of Favershara in 1515, 1519, 1524, 15.31 ; Kichard in 1532-3-4, 
1541-2-3 ; John in 1553 ; John, junr., in 1555. 

(24) Not'i. John is mentioned in the Comj)utus of 33 Ed. I. ; Philip in the 
Computus of 16 Ed. IT. ; llalph in the tallage arrears of 16 Ed. II. ; the widow 
of llalph, and the wife of Philip, as brewers, in a tallage of 1 Ed. III. 

(25) Shipman. Adam is named in the Computus of 33 Ed. I., the tallage 
arrears of 15 Ed. II., the Computus of 16 Ed. II., and the tallage arrears of 
18 Ed. II. Peter is named in the tallage arrears of 18 Ed. II., and his wife is 
mentioned, as a brewer, in a tallage of 1 Ed. III. 

(26) Stephen Glanryle. His wife IMabilia is named as plaintiff in an action 
of trespass at Faversham, 31 Ed. I. 

(27) Lc Blohbrrc. Henry is mentioned in the Computus of 33 Ed. I. ; his 
widow, in the tallage arrears of 15 Ed. II. ; Celestris in the tallage arrears of 
18 Ed. II. ; and the wife of Robert, as a brewer, in tallage of 1 Ed. III. ; 
Lawrence was one of the assessors of the tallage. -1 Ed. III. 

(28) Goldwync. John is named as Town Clerk in a Computus of 33 Ed. I., 
and of 16 Ed. II. ; his widow is mentioned amongst the brewers, and Galfi'id 
amongst the tipplers, in the tallage of 1 Ed. III. ; Walter was a Juror in an 
Inquest as to the land of the King's Hospital at Ospringe, 36 Hen. III. Gilbert 
and John were together Members of Parliament for Rochester, 17 Ed. II. ; and 
Gilbert alone was Member in 1 and 4 Ed. III. 

(29) Pro j sacho. This word is partly obliterated by damp. It probably 
means a sack of corn, appropriated by the Purveyors of the Prince, during his 
stay at the Maisou Dieu, at Ospringe. 

( "< ) Finijt facta Anno Ecgni Rcf/is Edivardi xxx°. The following appears 
to be the record of the Fine here referred to : — Barones de Favereshara finem 
fecerunt cum Rege coram venerabili patre W. Coventrie et Lychfield Episcopo 
Thesaurario Regis pro quiugentas marcas pro carta Regis habenda de dirersis 
libertatibus per Regem concessis et pro perdonatione amerciamentorum in que 
inciderunt coram Rege et coram Roberto de Burgh ersh custode quinque por- 
tuum et etiam pro perdonatione transgressioniim per ipsos R. factarum occa- 
sione quarundam libertatum regalium quas sibi presumptuose usarpabant unde 
solvei'unt in Garderoba Regis Johanni de Drokenesford Custodi eiusdem Gar- 
derobe centum marcas et de I'esiduis quadringentis marcis solvent ad scaccarium 
Regis in festo pasche anno domini m^ccciiij viginti libras et in festo Sti. 
Michaelis proximo sequent! viginti libras et sic de anno in annum ad eosdem 
terminos quadraginta libras quousque jiredicte quadringente marce Regi ibidem 
persolvantur Teste Rege apud Westm. xv die Novembris anno regni Regis 
Edwardi xxx°. 

(31) Dns. Johannes de Northenod. See " On the brass of Sir John de 
Northewode and Lady in Minster Church, Sheppey," Arch. Cant.. IX., p. 148. 

(32) Walter de Horsele. Walter de Horsele was clerk of the iSheriif of 
Kent. Richard de Horseley was M.P. for Northumberland, from 28 Ed. I. to 
10 Ed. IL 

(33) Edmund de Passcle. See Arch. Cant., X.. p. 231 {gh). Edmund de 
Passele, afterwards, became a Baron of the Exchequer. He was plaiutiii in a 
fine of land and rent in Mid dele and Old Romney, 7 Ed. II. ; Robert de Passele 
was M.P. for Sussex 23 and 28 Ed. I. 

(34) Dns. W'" de Bercford. Rich<* de Bereford, clerk, was Lord Treasurer, 
34 Ed. I. One William Bereford became possessed of Sutton Manor, in Borden 
parish, 10 Ed. IV. (Hasted's Hist. Kent., ii., p. 565.) 

(35) Walter Ostreman. Walter Ostreman was Town Sergeant and one of 
the Keepers of the Market, 32 Ed. I. Matilda is mentioned in the tallage of 
1 Ed. in. 

(36) J9«.9. Rohcrtns de Wardelbij. By indenture, dated at Faversham, on 
Saturday next after the Feast of S. Barnabas the Apostle, the Jiayor and 
Barons of Faversham, for his counsel and assistance against their adversaries, 
bound themselves to pay Sir Robert de Wardell>y 40s. per annum, by equal 
half-yearly instalments, at Michaelmas and Easter. 



202 ARCHIVES OF FAVEIISHAM, A.D. 1301-24. 

(37) Bovma Alicie Seman. Pleas were held in the house of the heirs of 
Simon Seman and also in the market and in the churchyard of Faversham, in 
:]1 VA. 1. 

(3.S) BiKjli. Sec Arcli. Cant., X., p. 229 (It). Hamo is named in Computus 
H3 Ed. I., and in tallage arrears 15 and 16 Ed. II. ; Galfrid, in Computus 33 
Ed, I. ; Alanus, in tallage arrears 15 Ed. II. ; Thomas, in Computus, and in 
tallage arrears, 16 Ed. II. 

(3!)) Le llcrt. Robert le Hert was Mayor in 1323 and 1327, and was 
charged In a tallage of 1 Ed. III. in respect of half of Kings mill, in Faversham. 
One Rich'' Ic Hurt was M.P. for Lewes, 5 Ed. II. 

(40) Dc. Makrnhaucdc. The manor of Macknade is in the adjoining parish 
of Preston. William de Makcnhauede was bailiff of Faversham in 21 Ed. I. ; 
John is mentioned in the tallage arrears 15 Ed. II., fine arrears K! Ed. II., and 
tallage 1 Ed. III. ; Jaket, in tallage arrears 16 Ed. II. ; Stephen, in tallage 
arrears 18 Ed. II. In 26 Ed. III., William was released, by the Mayor and 
Commons of Faversham, from payment of tallages during his life. In 15 Rich. 
II., William dc Makcnade had a grant from Tho" Chieche of 20" rent out of a 
messuage in the Woolmarket at Faversham. 

(■41) Dc Grnvcnc. Graveney is the name of an adjoining parish and manor. 
John de Gravene, described as one of the Jurats of Faversham in 21 Ed. I., 
was grantee, in 23 Ed. I., of a messuage in Church Lane, near the cemetery of 
the Blessed Mary at Faversham. In 24 Ed. I., the title of Richard, son of John, 
to a house in Faversham, was acknowledged in Halimot, before Nicholas de 
Dover, steward, Walter Marchal, mayor, 12 jurats, and others of the Commons 
then present. Juliana de Gravene is named in the tallage arrears, 15 Ed. II. ; 
Richd., in the Computus of 16 Ed. II. ; and the wives of Thos. and Richard are 
taxed, as brewers, in the tallage of 1 Ed. III. Rich'' was witness to a grant of 
land in Faversham, 16 Rich. II. 

(42) Dp Molf'fise. Molash is a parish adjoining Chilham. 

(43) Ate Stapvle. Staple Street is in the neighbouring parish of Hernhill. 

(44) De Badlramer. Badlesmere, a neighbouring parish and manor. 

(45) Dc iitopciidone. Stuppington, formerly esteemed a manor, is in the 
neighbouring parish of Norton. Diouesia de Stopesdone is named in the 
tallage arrears. 15 Ed. II. ; and Henry Stopyndene, in tallage of 1 Ed. III. 

(46) De Copeton. Copton is the principal manor in the adjoining parish of 
Preston. 

(47) Dc Bronston. Brinnyston is a borough in the manor of Faversham. 
The heirs of John de Bronston are referred to in tallage arrears, 15 and 18 
Ed. II. Roger is named in the tallage and fine arrears, 16 Ed. II. ; and his 
widow is charged, with the brewers, in the tallage of 1 Ed. III. 

(48) Seman. Pleas were held in the house of the heirs of Simon, 31 Ed. I. 
Alice and the heirs of Simon are mentioned in the Computus 33 Ed. I. ; John 
in the tallage arrears 15 Ed. II., and Computus 16 Ed. II. ; Osbert and Peter in 
tallage arrears, 16 Ed. II. ; Osbert in tallage arrears, 18 Ed. II. The wives of 
Osbert and Peter occur amongst the brewers, in tallage 1 Ed. III. 

(49) De Cantuaria. In 23 Ed. I., William de Cantuaria and Godelend his 
wife, daughter of Thos. le Draper, sold a messuage in Church lane, Faversham, 
to John de Gravene. Wm. de Cantuaria is named in the tallage arrears, 15 
Ed. IL 

(50) Dc Borer. Nicholas de Dovor was Steward of Faversham, 21 Ed. I. 
In the pleadings at Faversham, 31 Ed. I., is the following : — Memo'' quod die 
martis proximo post festum Sti. Laurencii, Gilbertus de Dovor venit coram 
Maiore ballivo et Juratis et dixit quod homines de Galleys ipsum ceperunt in 
nave sua per costcram Anglic ex opposite de Drewelle et ipsum duxerunt usque 
Galleys et ibidem ipsum imprisonaverunt et bona et catalla sua per diversas 
particulas ad valeutiam xliij librarura x solidorum et viij denariorum ceperunt 
et asportaverunt et adhuc cadem bona iujuste ei detinent ad dampnum suum xx 
marcarum et hoc probavit super sancta evangelia una cum comprobatoribus 
subscriptis videlicet per Stephanum filium Stei^haui le Taylur, Gilbertum 
Hughelotj Willelmura de Herteye, Willelmum Hughclyn, et Simonem de 
Tenham, qui omncs una cum predicto Gilbcrto sacramenta prestiterunt. In 34 
Ed. I., this Gilbert, described as a Baron of Faversham, gave to John le Packer, 



ARCHIVES OF FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1304-24. 203 

a baron of Sandwich, a general power of attorney to recover his goods and 
debts, etc. Wm., brother of Gilbert, is mentioned in pleadings at Faversham, 
32 Ed. I., and in tallage arrears, 10 Ed. II. Matilda is mentioned in the 
tallage arrears, 15, 16, and 18 Ed. II., and fine ari'ears 10 Ed. II., and the wife 
of William is taxed, amongst the brewers, in the tallage of I Ed. III. 

(51) Ate Mdlc. See Arch. Cant., X., p. 228 (Ji). 

(52) Le Carpenter. William is named in the Computus 33 Ed. I., and 
tallage arrears 18 Ed. II.; and amongst the " rotiatrices " in the tallage of 
1 Ed. III. ; Robert, in pleadings 32 Ed. I. ; and his widow, in the tallage 
arrears, 18 Ed. II. 

(53) Bremhel. Robert is named in Computus, 33 Ed. I. ; Robert and John 
in tallage arrears, IG Ed. II. ; and amongst the sellers of fish in tallage, 1 
Ed. III. 

(51) Rich'' ate Sindnne. Sindane, now called Syndale, is a valley in the 
adjoining parish of Ospringe. 

(55) Tannator. Laurence is mentioned in the Computus and fine arrears, 
16 Ed. II., and amongst the Tanners in tallage, 1 Ed. III. ; his wife is in the 
list of brewers, 1 Ed. III. William is mentioned in the tallage arrears, 18 
Ed. II. ; Robert amongst the tanners, and his wife with the brewers, in tallage 
1 Ed. III. ; and John amongst the tanners, 1 Ed. III. Eight persons were 
taxed as tanners in that year. 

(56) De SUfjrave. Selgrave is a manor and borough in the adjoining 
parishes of Preston and Sheldwich. Robert was collector of the tallage, 15 
Ed. II. ; and is named in tallage arrears, 18 Ed. II, John is named, with the 
butchers, in tallage 1 Ed. III. 

(57) Le Wronghe. John is mentioned in Computus of 16 Ed. II. ; John and 
Robei t, butchers, in tallage 1 Ed. III. 

(58) Le Barber. William is named in the Computus of 16 Ed. II. ; and 
William, senr., amongst the '■ Potiatrices," in the tallage, 1 Ed. III. John, 
junr., is mentioned in the Computus 16 Ed. II. ; and John in the tallage 
arrears, 16 Ed. II. 

(59) Ilanyn. Peter is mentioned in the Computus 16 Ed. II., and tallage 
arrears of 16 and 18 Ed. II. ; Peter, and Elena his wife, were plaintiffs in a 
fine in the Halimot Court, at Faversham, 15 Ed. II., of 3s. 4Jd. rent, from two 
messuages of Robert le Deghere in Faversham. The widow of Peter is charged, 
with the brewers, in the tallage of 1 Ed. III. The heirs of Thomas are 
referred to in the tallage arrears, 18 Ed. II. 

(60) Wm. le Run. Wm. le Rou. Clerk of Dover Castle, on 18 Oct. 15 Ed. II., 
acknowledged receipt of 23s. lid. from the Mayor and Barons of Faversham, 
for their contingent due to the Lord Warden. 

(61) Henry Andreii. Henry Andreu was defendant in an action at suit of 
Philip de Jutebergh, 33 Ed. I. ; he is named in the Computus 16 Ed. II., and 
tallage arrears 18 Ed. II. He was Mayor in 132-1. 

(62) BoDius Dri. The Domus Dei, or Maison Dieu, in Ospringe. partly 
within the municipal limits of Faversham, was founded by Hen. III. It con- 
sisted of a Master, three regular and two secular clergy of the Order of the 
Holy Cross. The house contained a " Camera Regis," and had, attached to the 
foundation, a hospital for lepers. The remains of the buildings, facing the 
London road or Watling street, are separated by a mill stream. A modern 
water-mill marks the site of one evidently standing there in the reign of Ed. I. 

(63) Transcriptinn breve d'nl JL gd. jjassayium meliii.<i cvstodktur. As Icur 
chers confreres conbarons & amys. A meyre & as barons de Feuershum le meyre 
& les barons de Dovor salutz & fraternelcs amistez Cheres sires le mandement 
nostre seign' le Roy qi dieu gard avoins rescu en ceteforme. Edward par la gi-acc 
de Dieu roy Dengletcrre seigneur Dirlaund & Ducks Daquitaine a uoz chers & 
foialx meyre & barons de nostre port de Dovre salutz par ceo que nous avoins 
entendu par gentz dignes de foi que plusors malfcsours de diverses terres mal- 
voillantz a nous & a vous & a tut nostre roialme se sount issutz sur mer en grant 
flote de navie par faut a nous & a nostre poeple & as marchauntz venauntz one 
victailles dev' nostre roialme en eide & contort de nous & de vous & de nostre 
dit poeple les maly qu preront enennablement queles choses nous ne p'roms si 
come ne devoins suffrir pour qe nous avoins que chescun de noz cynk 



201 AKCHIVES OF FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1304-24. 

portz & totes Ics gcntz dcs villcs flcs havencs snr les costeres de l;i mccr en 
iiostre roialniG saiintz deplafaccnt adrestcr &. apparailler totes Icur iiefcs que 
sont es ditcs havcues cue dublc cskipesoim bone Kufficiauuoe & defciisable & 
maudcr qucre les autres ou que eles soient & on niesnie la manere Icsajjparailler 
si que eles soient prestes a sigler qucle beure qils soient sur ceo garntez de par 
nous par noz aniirails a ce depute vous par ouis come ceux des queux nous nous 
lioins espcciahnent en anaiste & chargoins sur la foi & la ligeaunce a vous 
nous dcvetz & sur vous porrcz forfans dev's nous vie' & member 

femme cnfauutz terres & tenementz biens&, chatcux que venes cetes lettres totes 
autres cboscs lessees fates adrester totes voz nefes qore sont en ditz portz & 
liastinement quere totes les autres ou qu' eles soient & en la manere sudite 
apparaler sauntz endi' apescher ou autre chose en mound si q'eles suffis- 
samment eskipecs soient preestes si come nous entendoins q' eles sont par les 
autres maundemeutz que nous en avoins eiuz ccs cures a vous maundez qucle 
heure bien amez Robt. Bataille nostre Amirail vous fera|savoir dep' no' 

& adonqes ailleut issi afforcecs pour refrener la malice de noz ditz & pour 

cux damager a tut votre poer a la defense & sauvete de nostre roialme & de 
noti'e poeple & de vous & de noz subgitz & amys dit port soit contrariaunt 

ou rebel a ce faire ou daler en afForcement des dites nefes nous voloins & 
mandoms qil soit par vous en tiele manere chastiez en corps & en chateux q' 
autres puisseut prendre ensaumple & se chastier par lui car nous bionis estroctre- 
ment prendre a vous si defaucte en aveigne que dieu defende Et voloins que quant 
nule ueef sera prise sur meer ele soit meuee a la tere saine & sauue oe les geutz 
leurz trouvetz & sauuement gardetz tanque homme sache queux & doinct ils soient 
pour escliure les mals qui purroicnt par cas avenir legei'cmcnt en tien point as noz & 
a noz amis Et quant ceste besoigne sera oeleyde de dieu bieu csploites nous voloins 
que vous vous treetz parlavis de notre dit amirail vers les parties detiote adamager 
noz enemys illoeqes par totes les voies qu' entre vous sancretz & p'retz. Et ce en 
nule manere ne lessez sur les charges susdites donne souz noti'e prive seal a 
Everwyk le jour de maii Ian de notre regne quinzisirae cest commaudement 
veullez acomplir de tout votre poer & f acez apparailler hastinement quatre nefes. 
A dieu que vous gare par le porteur de cetes no' entierement 

votre volente sanz deslay. 

(6-1) Dc Chpella. Gilbert was one of twelve Jurats of Faversham, 21 
Ed. I. Peter is named in the tallage arrears, 16 Ed. II. ; and Juliana, in the 
tallage arrears, 18 Ed. II. ; and in the tallage of 1 Ed. III. she is charged as one 
of the " Potiatrices." 

(65) Be Evcvinge. Thomas was defendant in an action at the suit of the 
Abbot of Faversham for removing distrained chattels, 33 Ed. I. In 38 Hen. 
III., the heirs of Henry de Everinge held one Knight's fee in Everiuge, of the 
barony de Albriucis, in Folkestone Hundred. {Arch. Cant., XII., p. 21.5.) 

(66) Be Selling. In 8 John. 8imou, son of Nicholas, acknowledged to his 
brother Ralph lands in Faversham and Selling. In 33 Ed. I., John was defend- 
ant, at suit of the Abbot of Faversham, for removing distrained chattels. In 3 
Ed. II., John, son of John, and Ralph and Richard, his brothers, were plaintiffs 
in a fine of a messuage, land, and rents in Selling, Sheldwich, and Badlesmere ; 
and in 6 Ed. II., John was defendant in a fine of a messuage and land in 
Selling. {Arch. Cant., IV., p. 308 ; XI., pp.331, 350.) 

(67) Eyngesmille. A mill and manor belonging to the Abbey of Faversham. 
The manor formerly extended over several houses in West Street, East Street, 
and Abbey Street. The mill was in Tanner Street, over a stream, and in the 
reign of Henry VI. the Abbot held bis prison there. 

(68) Le Nurthercn. Gilbert is named in Compotus 33 Ed. I. In 81 Ed. I. 
be was sued at Faversham by ]\latthew le Wellse, butcher, for five pigs, which 
the wife of Gilbert had sold him for ten shillings ; and he was also sued 
by Walter Bealde, for 5s. 6d., which he bad kept back fi-om him for two 
years. 

(69) Be Cham. John de Campania, of the rieighbouring parish of Newn- 
ham, with other nobles, was summoned to the Coronation of Ed. II. John de 
Chaumpaigne was M.P. for Oxford City 8 and 9 Ed. II.. and for Southampton 
county 10 and 12 Ed. II. 

(70) Vicar' de Farersham. Robert de Honiton was appointed Vicar in 
1305, and was succeeded by Richard Wokesbrigg. 



ARCHIVES OF FAVERSHAM, A.D. 1304-24. 205 

(71) Ate Wode. Peter is named in tallage arrears 15 Ed. II. ; Steplien in 
fine arrears 10 Ed. TI. Thomas de Wode was juror in an Inquest as to a tene- 
ment in Ospringe. 20 Hen. III. 

(72) Walter Copijn. In 7 Ed. II., Walter Copyn and Joanna, his wife 
(formerly wife of Thomas Everard), were defendants in a fine of lands and 
rents in Daviugton, Murston, Luddenham, and Stone. (Arch. Cant., XII., 
p. 298.) 

(73) De Scajxya. The isle of Sheppej. 

(74) Ate Pirije. Perry Court is nn estate and reputed manor in Preston 
next Faversham. In 2 John, Rich'' de Pirie acknowledged half a yoke of land 
in Pirie to Reginald de Faversham and Gloria, his wife, for which acknowledg- 
ment they granted it to Rauulf, his son. Wm. de Pirye held a Knight's fee at 
Buckland. in Faversham Hundred, 3S Hen. III. {Arch. Cant., II., p. 254 ; 
XII., p. 218.) 

(75) De Broh'delc. Brogdale is a farm in Ospringe. Robert de Brokedele 
is named in Pleadings at Faversham, 31 Ed. I. ; Mabel in fine arrears, 16 Ed. 
II. ; and Michael in tallage arrears, 18 Ed. II. 

(76) Concylre. On a creek in the Teynham marshes is a quay called 
Conyer. 

(77) De Yoklete. Yorkletts is a farm in Heruhill. 

(78) Denarius Del. Earnest money given and received by parties to con- 
tracts. The penny was so called because it was bestowed on the church or on 
the poor. 

(79) Quindena. Fifteenth, so called because it amounted to a fifteenth 
part of the sum at which the town was valued. 

(80) Breve 2}ro2)ter grossor'. This may refer to the crime of ''engrossing," 
which consisted in obtaining and holding large quantities of com or other dead 
victuals with intent to sell them at unreasonable prices. 8ee Blackstonc's 
•' Commentaries," iv. 160. 



INDEX TO THE ABOVE NOTES ON SUENAMES. 



Andreu, 61. 
Ate Doune, 7. 
Ate Mclle, 51. 
Ate Pirye, 74. 
Ate Sindane, 54. 
Ate Wode, 71. 
Badlesmere, 44. 
Baldok, 21. 
Barber, 58. 
Basing, 19. 
Batecok, 14. 
Batlescomb, 17. 
Bealde, 18. 
Bereford, 34. 
Bernefield, 9. 
Blobbere, 27. 
Brabazon, 16. 
Brembel, 53. 
Brenle, 12. 
Brokedale, 75. 
Bronston, 47. 
Burghersh, 4. 
Campania, 69. 
Cantuaria. 49. 
Capella, 64. 
Carpenter, 52. 
Cham, 69. 



Chepstede, 5. 
Coneyire, 76. 
Copeton, 46. 
Copyn, 72. 
Cryol, 4. 
Dagh, 38. 
Dane, 5. 
Dod, 13. 
Doune, 7. 
Dovor, 50. 
Dryland, 23. 
Everard, 5, 11. 
Evering, 65. 
Glanvyle, 26. 
Goldfinch, 22. 
Goldwyne, 28. 
Gravene, 41. 
Hanyn. 59. 
Heare, 15. 
Hereword, 20. 
Hert, 39. 
Horsele, 32. 
Kendal e, 4. 
Makenhauede. 40. 5. 
Marischal, 2. 
Melle, 51. 



Molesse, 42. 
Northeren. 68, 8. 
Northwode, 31. 
Note, 24. 
Orre, 1. 

Ostreman. 35, 5. 
Passele, 33. 
Pirye, 74. 
Robery, 16. 
Ron, 60. 
Scapeya, 73. 
Selling, 66. 
Seman, 37, 48. 
Shipman, 25. 
Silgrave, 56. 
Sindane, 54. 
Stapele. 43. 
Stopesdon, 45. 
Sturey, 3. 
Tannator, 45. 
Upmanton, 10. 
Valoignes. 8. 
Wardelhy, 36. 
Wode, 71. 
Wronghe, 57. 
Yoklete, 77. 



( 206 ) 



BUIEFS IN THE PAEISH OE CRANBROOK. 

COMPILED BY W. TARBUTT. 

The accounts of the churchwardens of Cranbrook contain a 
very full list of the sums collected, upon no less than 550 
Briefs, from a.d. 1652 to 1780. As it may be of use to put 
the details upon record, I have epitomised them from the 
Parish Books. The lirst notice of money collected by a 
Brief is thus recorded : — 

" 1652. Paid* to Daniel Pierce for having a brief to gather, 
being driven out of Ireland, his loss being £1000^£600,t by tbe 
advice of the minister, 5s." 

The majority of these Briefs, however, were issued to 
assist those who had suffered losses by fires. 

List of I* er sons and Flacesfor lohich Collections icere 
made in the Church or Fairish of Cranbrook. 

■ £ s. d. 
1659. 

Jonathan Taylor of St. Bride's, London, and 

divers others 1 4 

Jime 12. Reginald Bexter o£ Ightliam in Kent 15 7^ 

Aug. Inhabitants of Soutbwold, Suffolk 1 17 5 

1660. 

Sep. 9. Inhabitants of Pakenhain, Norfolk 8 4| 

Sep. 16. Inhabitants of Wapping in the parish of 

Whitecbapel 16 10 

Nov. 25. Inhabitants of St. Bartholomew by Exchange, 

London 1 10 4^ 

Dec. 9. Inhabitants of St. Margaret, "Westminster... 13 6|- 

Jan. Inhabitants of Milton Abbas, Dorset 1 4 43- 

Mar. 10. Inhabitants of East Haybourne, Berks 14 7i 

1661. 
Mar. 30. Inhabitants of a town in Somersetshire...... 1 6 2^ 

April 14. Inhabitants of Chertsey, SuiTey 10 4 

June 9. Inhabitants of Scarborough, Torks, where 
churches of St. Mary and St. Thomas were 

much injured 16 3 

July 28. Inhabitants of Elemeley Castle, Worcester 12 6 

* By the chiirchwardens. j- i.e. £1600. 



BRIEFS IN THE PARISH OF CRANBROOK. 207 

£ s. d. 

Aug. 11. Inhabitants of Pontefract, Yorks 12 7 

Ang. 25. Christopher Spice and John Simmonds of 

Wateringbury in Kent 10 1 

Kathcrine Uawkes of Dover (shipwreck) ... G 

Sep. 1. Phillip Dandulo {A Maliomctan Turh) G 

Sep. 22. The Church of Bolingbroke, Lincolnshire... 5 

Sep. 22. Inhabitants of Great Drayton G 

Sep. 22. Eich'' Dutton, Esq., of Chester 5 

Oct. 6. Inhabitants of Bridgnorth, Salop 7 1 

Oct. G. Inhabitants of Buckingham 6 

1G62. Sami Mereday of Mortlake in Surrey 8 3 

May 4. Henry Beckley of Heston in Middlesex, 

husbandman 3 5 

May 4. Eose Wallis, widow, of St. Mary Magdalen, 

Oxford 3 

May 4. John Casyer, tallow chandler, of Evarsh in 

Kent 3 

June 8. Henry Harrison (shipwrecked) on a Voyage 

from Portugal 4 3 

June 8. Inhabitants of Sowerby in Thirsk, Torks ... 3 

June 8. Priscilla Fielder of Dartford in Kent 2 

June 15. Inhabitants of "Watchet in Somersetshire, 

for houses destroyed by tempestuous seas 2 G 
July 27. Mayor and Jurats of Gravesend for repair of 

the church ■. G 5 

16G3. 

Church and Pews of Cromer, jSTorf oik 12 

1664. 

Will"^ Hamwell, mariner, in the county of 

Middlesex, for loss by Sea 5 

Sandwickham Serl and John Joan, shopkeepers, 

Withiham, Sussex 12 8^ 

Aug. 7. Tho^ Burchett, butclier, AVeybridge, Surrey 7 9 

Oct. 23. Inhabitants of Fordingbridge, Southampton 4 9 

Oct. 23. Lawrence Holden of Clacton in Essex 3 

Oct. 23. For the Eeformed Church of Strasburgh in 

Germany 11 7i* 

Thomas Weller received of Tho^ Boorman, sexton, for six briefs 
as follows : — 
1G65. 

April 29. For Withiham in Sussex 5 

Eobert Ensdell 2 

r 2 6 

No particulars \ o 

L 5 G 
July 10. John Trimmer of Warehorne [received by 

Tho^Hogben] 2 

Dec. 16. For five briefs [received by John Mosman] 14 6 
* Received by John Playle, deputy. 



208 BRIEFS IN THE PAllISII OF CRANBROOK. 

£ .1. d. 
1666. 
June 1. East Heudred, Berks [received by W"' Ansty] 3 

1668. 
Nov. 8. Inhabitants of Newport, Salop [received by 

John Sharpe, constable] 1 1 

Dec. 6. Will™ Hollands, sen'' (poor and almost blind) 15 8 

1669. 
Aug. 29. For redemption of captives in Turkish slavery 

[received by Jno. Bodham] 19 2 

Oct. 10. Inhabitants of Thetford, Norfolk [received 

by Jonah Fuller, constable] 11 6 

1670. 

July For Cliff in Kent 9 

July Marshall Fowler of Great Chart in Kent ... 5 2 

Aug. 28. A town in Cambridgeshire 8 

Aug. 28. For redemption of 6 persons in slavery 4 

Aug. 28. The town of Ripley [received bj' John Mosmau] 4 3 

Nov. 13. A town in Huntingdonshire 6 11 

1670. 
Feb. 26. The charitable contributions of the parish- 
ioners of Cranbrook upon His Majesty's 
brief for raising thirty thousand pounds in 
order to the ransoming of English captives 

out of Turkish slavery 14 1 10* 

Signed, Cbas. Buck, Vicar. 

„ Alexander G-roombridge 1 />ci i j 
„ Isaac Walter " j Churchwardens. 

1671. 
Mar. 26. Four persons of Ashford [received bv Jonah 

Fuller] ". 5 8 

July 23. For repair of the Parish Church of Waltham, 

Essex 8 

Jul V 23. For Meere in Wiltshire 8 5^^ 

Nov. 26. A parish in Oxford 11 

1672. 
June 16. Persons in a sugar house, Allhallows, Loudon 19 6 

Sep. 15. A town in Bedfordshire 10 

Sep. 15. Mary Pearson of Nettlested, Kent 10 

1673. 

April 20. Heston in Middlesex 9 

April 20. A tallow chandler of Guildford, Surrey 5 

April 20. Tho^ Cox of Kingston upon Thames 5 

April 20. The inhabitants of Fordingbridge 14 6 

Sep. 28. The parish church of West Beere 10 

* At this collection the name of every contributor is recorded ; there are 
two hundred and seventy-five persons in this list. The Lady Roberts gave 
twenty shillings, and Sir. Charles Buck, Vicar, ten shillings ; Willm. Butcher, 
gent., ten shillings ; three persons 5s. each, one 4s., one 3s. 6d., two 3s. each, 
fifteen 2s. fid. each, four 2s. each, nine Is. 6d. each, eighty-two Is. each, one 
hundred and one Gd. each. The remaining fifty-five in smaller sums, but only 
one person gave so small a sum as one penny. 



BRIEFS IN THE PARISH OF CRANBROOK. 209 

A s. d. 

Sep. 28. Tho« Gibbon of St. Margaret at ClifFe 8 1* 

Jan. 4. Nether Wallop near Southampton G 

Jan. 4. Edmund Singer of Littleton, Middlesex 4 

Jan. 4. For losses occasioned by a fire which began 
at the house called the Theatre Royal, near 
Russell Street, in the parish of St. Martin's 

in the field, London 4 1 

1G74. 

Oct. 1. For St. Catherine's 14 10| 

Nov. 1. Inhabitants of Redborne in Hertfordshire ... 10 

1G75. 

April 18. RoV Butler of Hawkhurst 17 10 

Aug. 29. Inhabitants of a town in Norfolk 14 3 

1G76. 
July 30. For rebuilding Oswestree church in Salop ... 7 

July 30. For i-ebuilding a church in Gloucestershire 7 7 

1G77. 
Aug. 12. Inhabitants of Cottenham, Cambridgeshire 9 11 

Aug. 12. Inhabitants of Topham, Devonshire 9 3^ 

Aug. 2G. A distressed Protestant Minister of the 

Gospel, a native of Hungary 17 5^ 

Mar. 10. A town in Buckinghamshire 12 1 

1G78. 
Sep. 15. Inhabitants of St. Mary Magdalene, Ber- 

mondsey 6 6 

Sep. 15. "Wem in Salop 12 

1679. 
Sep. 28. Repairing the church of Windlesham in 

Surrey 9 6 

Sep. 28. Inhabitants of Arapthill, Beds 5 6 

Oct. 29. The collection made in the town of Cranbrook 
towards rebuilding the Cathedral of St. 

Paul's, London 3 8 2* 

1G80. 

Oct. 10. The charitable collection made in the parish 

of Cranbrook towards the redemption of 

English captives out of Turkish Slavery 

upon his Majesty brief set forth for that 

purpose 8 16 f 

Jan. Inhabitants of East Dereham, Norfolk 2 IG 

1G81. 
July 31. Inhabitants of a town in Cambridgeshire ... 9 9 

July 31. William Durrant and John Hayraau of East 

Peckham 10 

* At this collection there were thirty -nine contributors. The Lady Roberts 
twenty shillings, Sir Thos. Roberts, Bart.. 10s. : Mr. Chas. Buck, Vicar, 10s. ; the 
rest in small sums, none less than id. each. 

t At this collection there were one hundred and forty-four contributors. 
Mr. John Cook 21s. 6d.. Chas. Cook 10s., the Lady Roberts 10s., Sir Thos. 
Roberts 10s.. Mr. Chas. Buck, Vicar, 10s. ; six persons gave 5s. each ; the re- 
mainder in small sums from 2s. 6d. each down to 2d., none less. 

VOL. XIY. P 



210 BRIEFS IN THE PARISH OF CRANBROOK. 

£ s. d. 
1682. 
April 23. The Collection made in the parish o£ Cran- 
brook, upon his Majesty's brief for the 

relief of French Protestants 7 13 5* 

June 18. Divers inhabitants of a town in Staffordshire G 11 
June 18. An innkeeper aud other inhabitants at Staf- 
ford, in Staffordshire 6 10 

July 16. For repair of the Parish Church of St. Albans 10 

July 30. Inhabitants of a town in Lincolnshire 16 2^ 

Aug. 27. A parish in the borough of Southwark 15 4 

Sep. 27. Inhabitants of Colomptou in Devonshire ... 16 2 

1683. 
July 19. Inhabitants of St. Catherine, near the Tower 

of London 1 5 

Aug. 12. Inhabitants of Enshain, Oxfordshire 17 8 

Aug. 12. Inhabitants of Stoke, Suffolk 17 

Feb. 25. The Collection for the fire at Wapping 4 16 Sf 

1684. 
April 16. The Collection made upon his Majesty's brief 

for the fire at Newmarket 2 6 2J 

May 11. A town in Cambridgeshire 6 11 

May 11. The Cluirch and Vicarage House of a parish 

near Southampton 10 

July 13. Inhabitants of a town in Devonshire 10 i 

July 13.. The town of E-usswick, in the North Riding 

of Yorkshire 11 

Sep. 21. To rebuild the Church of Portsmouth 14 4i 

Sep. 21. Inhabitants of a tow^n in jS ottinghamshire ... 10 
Oct. 19. Chanwell Row, St. Margaret's, Westminster 11 
Oct. 19. Inhabitants of the town of Brentford suffer- 
ing loss by the overflow of the river there 7 7 
1685. 

May 10. Inhabitants of a town in Oxfordshire 7 li 

May 10. Inhabitants of a town in Staffordshire 8 

May 31. Inhabitants of a town in Dorsetshire 12 

May 31. Inhabitants of a town in Lincolnshire (Mar- 
ket Deeping) 6 

May 31. Inhabitants of a town in Northamptonshire 6 

Aug. 30. Inhabitants of Bulford in "Wiltshire 10 

Aug. 30. Inhabitants of a parish in Ely 10 6 

* Thei'e were thirty-five jiersous contributed at this collection. Sir Thos. 
Eoberts, Bart., 40s. ; Lady Roberts, 21s. 6d. ; Mr. Edmund Trench, 21s. 6d. ; 
Mr. Thos. Brand, 20s. ; Mr. Chas. Buck, Vicar, 10s. ; three at .5s. each ; the rest 
in small sums, none less than 4d. 

f There are no less than one hundred and ninety-two contributors recorded 
for this collection. Sir Thos. Roberts, Bart., 5s. ; Mr. Edmund French, 2s. 6d. ; 
Widow Hovenden, 2s. 6d. ; Mrs. Bridgett Rolfe, 3s. 6d. ; Mrs. Ann Sharp, 2s. ; 
no other contributor above Is. ; and the far greater portion only Gd. and less. 

J At this collection eighty-one names are recorded. Sir Thos. Roberts, Bart., 
5s. ; Mr. Chas. Buck, Vicar, 2s. 6d. ; and Abraham Walter. 2s. 6d. ; no other 
contributor above Is. ; and by far the largest number Gd, and less. 



BRIEFS IN THE PARISH OF CRANBROOK. 211 

£ s. d. 

Sep. 20. Inliabitants of a town in the North Eiding 

of Yorkshire 10 

Sep. 20. Inhabitants of Alfriston, Sussex 11 10 

1686. 

May 9. A collection made in the parish of Cran- 
brook for the relief of the French Pro- 
testants 5 12 6* 

July 25. Inhabitants of Kirksanton, in Cumberland, 
where sand stoj)ped up the river, and 300 
acres were overflowed 14 2 

July 25. Inhabitants of Secklinghall in Yorkshire 10 

Sep. 5. Inhabitants of Stanton in Suffolk 7 6 

Sep. 5. For rebuilding the steeple of the Church of 
Eynsbury, in Huntingdonshire, which fell 

down 8 

1687. 

June 19. Inhabitants of Merriton, Salop 11 3 

\_Date not recorded hut I tliinh in this year.'] 

Another collection for the French Protes- 
tants 8 18 2t 

1689. 

July 14. Collected for the relief of present sufferings 

of the Irish Protestants 21 17 10 

1690. 

April 12. Poor people of Bungay in Suffolk 3 

April 26. Poor people of a town in Hampshire 1 

Sep. 28. Collected for relief of Irish Protestants 7 

Nov. 16. Poor people of East Smithfield, London 

Nov. 30. Poor people of St. Ives, Huntingdonshire . . . 

Dec. 14. Poor people of Bishop Lavington, in Wilt- 
shire 

Dec. 14. Poor people of Stafford, in Staffordshire 

Dec. 31. Poor people of St. George's in the Borough, 

Southwark 2 

Mar. 22. Poor people of Morpeth in Northumberland 
1691. 

Sep. 25. Poor persons at Teignmouth and Sheldon in 

Devonshire 3 

Oct. 4. John Clopton of Norwich 

Oct. 4. Poor persons of Thirsk, in the North Riding 
of Yorkshire 

Mar. 20. Poor persons of Bealt, Brecon 

* There were one hundred and eleven contributors to this collection. 8ir 
Thos. Roberts, Bart., 20s. Three friends at the mansion, 5s. each, and the maid- 
servants collected 2s. ; Mr. Chas. Buck, Vicar, 5s. The rest in small sums from 
2s. 6d. down to 2d. 

f At this collection sixty-five names are recorded. Sir Thos. Roberts, Bart., 
43s. Three fi-iends at the mansion 10s. each. Mr. John Cook, 20s. ; Mr. Chas. 
Buck, Vicar, 10s. ; six contributors 5s. each. The rest from 2s. 6d. down to 2d. 
each. 

P 2 



10 


6 


14 


6 


12 


6 


19 




12 


10 


14 


6 


7 




13 


i 


15 


10 


11 




15 


2 


9 


2 


16 


2 



212 BRIEFS IN THE PARISH OF CRANBROOK. 

£ s. d. 

1G02. 

Mar. 27. Poor persons of a town in Torksliire 10 1^ 

July 17. Poor persons of Havant in Southampton ... 13 
Dec. 4. Poor persons of Ledbury in Iferetbrdshire ... 8 
Jan. 22. Poor persons of several places in Northum- 
berland damaged by fire and by the French 11 3 
Feb. 12. Poor persons of Elseworth in Cambridgeshire 8 2 

1693. 

April 16. Poor persons at a saw mill yard in Lambeth 9 4 

July 9. Poor persons of Churchill, in Oxfordshire ... 12 4 

Aug. 6. Poor persons of Dennis Gruuton, in Norfolk 11 4 

Jan. 7. Poor persons of Wooler, in Northumberland 9 9 

1694. 

May 27. Poor persons at Yalding 7 9 

June 23. Collected for relief of French Protestants... 4 3 
Sep. 30. For rebuilding the Church of St. Bridget in 

Chester 10 7 

1695. 
Mar. 31. Poor sufferers by fire at Warwick 5 

1704. 

Mar. 3. Poor persons of South Moulton 7 6 

1705. 

April 29. For the Church at Menshall 10 5i 

Sep. 16. John Sainton 9 7| 

Sep. 30. Beverley Church 9 4^ 

Feb. 10. SamiAlliu 5 9^ 

Mar. 17. All Saints Church, Oxford 7 6^ 

1706. 

May 12. Bradmoor Bridge 6 8^ 

June 23. Chatteris, Isle of Ely 6 10^ 

Aug. 4. St. Saviour's, Southwark 5 ^ 

Oct. 13. Morgan's Lane, Southwark 10 8|- 

1707. [N.B.— _Frow A.D. 1707 to 1727 the entries are 

extremely ct(,rt.~\ 

May 29. Touches, loss by fire 6 8 

June 8. Shireland 5 7f 

June 29. Spilsby 6 9^ 

July 20. North Marston Bridge 8 

Aug. 10. Littleport, Isle of Ely 8 4 

Dec. 14. Haviltree 8 9| 

Dec. 21. Dursby Church 7 10| 

Dec. 28. Oxford Church 7 5^ 

Feb. 22. Sufferers from fire in Charles Street, "West- 
minster 9 5^ 

Feb. 29. Southampton 9 9 

1708. 

May 17. Lisbourne in Ireland 4 8 3 

July 7. Bewdley 7 9i 

July 11. Doruey 7 3 

Oct. 10. Persons at Alconbury, Huntingdonshire 8 10^ 



BRIEFS IN IHE PARISH OF CRANBROOK. 213 

& s. d. 

June 6. Great Yarmouth 

June 13. Shadwell 

June 20. Wincauton 

June 27. The Protestant Church in the Dutchy of Berg 
Mar. 13. The Parish Church of Brenchley 

1709. 

April 12. Cannongate, Edinburgh 1 

May 29. St. Mary, Eedcliffe Church, Bristol 

July 10. Harley Bridge 

Aug. 28. Llanvilling 

Sep. 18. Market Eayson 

Oct. 18* For the suffering inhabitants of The Palati- 
nate 12 

Oct. 22. Stock 

Oct. 22. Holt Market 1 

Nov. 1. Stroud 1 

1710. 

April IG. Mittan 

June 18. Ashton Super Mersey 

Sep. 17. Stockton Church 

Sep. 24. Northfleet and Durant [Darenth] 

Oct. 8. Eotherhithe Wall 

Nov. 19. Clusson St. Peter's Church 

Feb. 4. Twyford 

Feb. 18. Ensham 

Feb. 25. Cardigan Church 

Mar. 11. On Hangley 

Mar. 11. Eotherhithe Church 

1711. 

May 8. Cockermouth Church 

July 8. St. Mary's Church, Colchester 

July 15. Loss by fire at Edinburgh 

Aug. 12. Wishen Church and Steeple 

Aug. 19. St. Helen alias Edington 

Sep. 9. Cha^ Empson 

Feb. 17. Woolwich Church 

Mar. 16. Longmelford Church 

1712. 

Mar. 30. Fadmore and Market Poyson 

June 2. Little Brickhill 

July 5. White Church 

Aug. 10. Clement's Church 

Aug. 24. Thames Street 

Sep. 14. West Tilburv Church 

Sep. 28. Eich'^ Salter'. 

Jan. 21. Alderly Church 

Feb. 22. Coleorton Church 

Mar. 22. Pensford Church 

* Aud following days. 



6 


1| 


8 


1 


9 

1 


4i 
4 


9 


2| 


19 


4 


11 

7 


?* 


8 
10 


J. 

4 


11 

7 


7^ 


5 


10^ 


15 


1 


7 
7 


8i 
8i 


8 

7 


3i 
6* 


5 


6 


7 


4 


6 
5 


1 

4 
11 


4 


8 


3 




6 




9 




11 


llf 


6 


4 


8 


2i 


6 
10 


6i 

7 


10 


1 

4 


6 


4| 


5 


llf 


5 
15 


4i 
10 


6 


4 


7 
4 
4 


ii 

5 


3 


9 


4 
3 


4| 
9 



21i BRIEFS IN THE TARISn OF CRANBROOK. 

£ 5. d. 

1713. 

Mar. 27. Battle Bridge 13 11 

June 6. Burton Church 9 9^ 

July 18. Southwell Church 9 9-^ 

July 26. Woodham Ferrers Church 6 

Aug. 9. Will'" Adams B H 

Sep. 6. Rudgley C 11 

Sep. 27. Wariningham Church 2 7f 

Dec. 27. Leighton Church 3 4^ 

Jan. 17. St. Mary Church 5 1 

Feb. 28. Qualf or d Church 2 9^ 

Mar. 21. St. Margaret at Cliffe Church 3 3 

1714. 

April 4. Witheridge and Chilton 2 lOi 

April 18. Sheepwash Church 3 6f 

1715. 

Jan. 22. Dryneton and Slimbridge 3 6 

Feb. 5. Blimhill Church 1 6^ 

Feb. 12. Eentford in Sufeolk 3 2 

July 10. St. Giles' Church, Newcastle-under-Liue ... 2 2^ 

July 24. St. Peter's Church, Chester 7 

Sep. 4. St. Marv's Church 1 4^ 

1716. 

Mar. 25. Mitcham and Lithwood 3 7^ 

April 15. Walkerwith aud Eldersham '. 2 7^ 

May 6. Liverpool 5 3^ 

May 13. John Aron ? 4 8} 

June 3. New Church, Sunderland 2 7 

June 16. Cowkeepers 16 3 

Oct. 28. Upton and Teuipsford 5 ^ 

Nov. 18. Thames Street 6 5^ 

Dec. 9. Burton 1 lOf 

Jan. 13. Spalding 8 7 

Feb. 16. Chetmarsh and Ryton 6 ^ 

Mar. 10. Eidgmont 3 7^ 

1717. 

April28. Ottery St. Mary 4 5^ 

May 12. Houudsditch 4 5f 

June 21. The Reformed Church of Poland 9 1 

1727. [N.B.— iVb record of Briefs hetween 1717 and 1727.] 

May 14. Little])ort, Cambs., and Baddeley, Cheshire 8 If 
A Brief for Craubrook Church, but never read [here]. 

July 16. Gibson Church, Leicestershire 5 1^ 

July 30. St. Peter's Church, Oxford 5 7^ 

Aug. 27. Stamford, Lincolnshire 7 2^ 

Jan. 14. Barden Joyce Church 4 4^ 

Mar. 17. Great Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire , 4 4^ 

1728. 
Mar. 28. Collected from house to house for Alecester 

Church, Warwickshire 14 9 



BRIEFS IN THE PARISH OF CRANBROOK. 



215 



June 23 



July 


21. 


Aucr. 


11. 


Sep. 


29. 


Oct. 


20. 


Jan. 


19. 


Feb. 


9. 


Mar. 


9. 


1729. 


Mar. 


30. 


April 


'13. 


May 


19. 


June 15. 


July 


20. 


Aug. 


17. 


ISep. 


28. 


Oct. 


19. 


Nov. 


9. 


Nov. 


30. 


Feb. 


8. 



Mar. 8 



1730. 


May 
June 


31. 
19. 


July 


26. 


Aug. 
Sep. 
Oct. 


30. 
20. 
10. 


Jan. 


17. 


Jan. 


30. 


Feb. 


28. 


1731. 


Mar. 


28. 


April 
June 


25. 

20. 


July 


11. 


July 
Aug. 


25. 

8. 


Aug. 


29. 


Sep. 
Oct. 


26, 
10. 



£ *. d. 
. Collected from house to house for St. John, 

AV^apping 1 4 11 

Hiutou in the Hedges, Northamptonshire ... 6 2^ 

, Yarme Church, Yorkshire 5 4^ 

Trinity Church, Chester 4 8 

Graveseud (estimated loss by fire £21,232) 

collected from house to house 5 6^ 

St. Hylda's Chapel, Durham 5 8 

. Branston Church, Rutlandshire 6 4 

. Whitegate Church, Chester 4 7 

, St. Swithen Church, "Worcester 5 9 

, St. Andrew's ir(7/'5o2^r, Scotland 10 1 

. Fulborne, Cambridgeshire 5 4|- 

Rickinghan and Batesdale in Suffolk 6 

, Napston Church, "Warwickshire 7 3 

, Tamworth Church, "Warwickshire 7 4 

. Collected from house to house for Stilton, 

Huntingdonshire 1 7 4 

Pershore Church, "Worcestershire 5 10;^ 

St. John Baptist Church, Gloucester 5 7 

Melbourne, Cambridgeshire 7 

Horneck and Wheelock in Middlesex and 

Chester 5 1 

"\Yorthenbury Church, Flintshire 3 6 

Estimated 
Loss or Cost. 
£ 

1207 Bearly, "Warwickshire 5 8 

2685 Wroot, Lincolnshire (inundated) ... 5 8 
1220 Eepair of Chapel at Bilston, Stafford- 
shire 5 1^ 

, 3424 Hinckley, Leicestershire 7 10 . 

, 1325 Colnbrook Chapel, Buckinghamshire 6 2 

, 4766 St. Michael's Church, Southampton... 7 

1100 Landdullwas Church, Denbigh 5 

. 1016 Yarborough, Lincolnshire 5 5 

, 1112 Kidderminster, "Worcestershire 4 10 

, 1461 Ouston Church, Ebor 4 9 

1186 Denbigh Chapel, Denbighshire 4 6 

Frigh Church, Derbyshire 7 2 

Mistly Church, Essex 6 2 

Landaff Cathedral, Glamorganshire . 8 
Tetbury Church, Gloucestershire ... 7- 
Broughtou Sulney Church, Notting- 
hamshire 6 1^ 

Endsham Church, "Worcestershire ... 7 Ij 

Wiersdale Chapel, Lancaster 5 



216 BRIEFS IN THE PARISH OP CRANBROOK. 



Estimated 
Loss or Cost. 

£ & s. d. 
Nov. 19. 6787 Newton Castle, Stur minster, Dorset- 
shire 6 

Dec. 12. 1249 All Saints Church, Sussex 5 3 

Jan. 9. 2097 Bozeat, Northamptonshire 7 

Feb. 13. 1085 Wooton under Edge, Gloucestershire 5 3 

1732. 

Mar. 25. 1009 Calcott, Gloucestershire 6 6 

June 11. 12G9 Maunton, Rutlandshire 5 6 

June 25. 1147 Draycott Church, Staffordshire G 6 

July 16. 1417 Newbold upon Avon, Warwickshire. 6 3 

July 30. 11776 liamsey, Huntingdonshire 2 2 8 

Aug. 27. 2000 Stowerbridge Church, Worcestershire 8 5-^ 

Sep. 24. 1100 Abbey Lanor Church, Cumberland... 7 9 
Oct. 8. 1006 Bishop Norton Church, Lincolnshire 

Oct. 20. 1369 Barton upon Humber, Lincolnshire... 5 8 

Nov. 19. 1201 Well Church, Lincolnshire 3 6 

Dec. 10. 1293 North Stonham, Southampton 5 2 

Dec. 31. 1500 Austerfield, Yorkshire 5 2 

Jan. 14. 1053 Wood Plumpton, Lancashire 4 

Feb. 11. 2097 Dudley Church, Worcestershire 4 2 

1748. 

June 28. 3555 Wellington Church, Salop 1 2 9* 

Aug. 25. 1145 Snareston Chapel, Leicester 3 10 

Oct. 3. 1335 Weyhill, Soutliampton 17 8* 

Oct. 9. 1246 Woodplumpton Chapel, Lancaster ... 4 2 

1749. [N.B.— A^o record of Briefs between 1732 and 1748.] 
June 18. 1177 Berkley Church, Gloucestershire ... 3 2^ 
July 9. 1442 Chadsley Corbett, Worcestershire ... 6 4^ 
Sep. 10. 1366 Sutton Coldfield and Benbrook, War- 
wickshire 9 8 

Oct. 8. 1006 Denbigh, Denbighshire 4 6 

1750. 
May 13. 1014 Bishop Thornton,Torkshire ; Audlem, 

Cheshire; and Adlington, Lancaster 4 10|- 

June 24. 1392 Hanley Chapel, Yorkshire 5 1^ 

July 15. 1076 St. Nicholas Church, Warwick 4 6 

July 29. 1135 Hatton Grafton and Saxton, York- 
shire 6 3| 

Aug. 26. 1681 Kelvedon Hatch Church, Essex 5 5 

Oct. 4. 1625 Rebuilding of Sterrington Church, 

Sussex 16 1* 

Dec. 17. 4228t St. Mary Magdalene, Bermondsey ... 14 2* 

Jan. 13. 1036 Thurston and Harden, Yorkshire ... 8 3 

1753. 

Jan. 21. 1530 Greasly Church, Notts 4 6 

Feb. 1. 1060 Seighford Church, Staffordshire 6 2 

* Collected from house to house. 

•)• The loss was occasioned by a great storm of hail. 



BRIEFS IN THE PARISH OF CRANBROOK. 217 

Estimated 
Loss or Cost. 

£ £ s. d. 

Mar, 4. 1115 Effingham Cliurcli, Surrey 

Mar. 25. 1200 Fordyke Chapel, Lincolnshire 

May 13. 1050 Eanville and Dawlish in Southampton 
1754. 

June 16. 1135 Addmgton Church, Yorkshire 

July 14. 1030 Rushock Church, AVorcestershire ... 

July 28. 1057 Flocton Chapel, Yorkshire 

Aug. 18. 1032 Newborough Chapel, Staffordshire... 

Sep. 8. 10G6 Hale Chapel, Lancaster 

Oct. 20. 1145 Ampleforth, Sussex 

1755. 

Jan. 19. 1070 Dorsiugtou Church, Gloucestershire 

Feb. 16. 1650 Harbourne Church, Staffordshire ... 

Mar. 16. 1145 Marsden Chapel, Yorkshire 

April 13. 1030 Coppult Chapel, Lancaster 

May 11. 1120 Kingston Church, Derbyshire 

June 15. 1030 Newnham Church, Gloucestershire 

July 13. 1170 Gorton Chapel, Lancaster 

Aug. 10. 1030 Rastack Chapel, Yorkshire 

Sep. 22. 11890 Hindon, Wiltshire 8 

jSTov. 9. 1320 Ruthin Church, Denbighshire 

1756. 

Jan. 25. 1020 Morton Church, Nottingham 

Feb. 15. 1248 Robert Town, Yorkshire ; Holbeton, 

Devonshire 

Mar. 28. 1195 Hemsley, Yorkshire 

April 25. 2250 Penton Meavesey, Southampton ... 1 

July 11. 1023 Lightliffe Chapel, Yorkshire 

Aug. 22. 1004 Heathfield Church, Sussex 

Sep. 12. 1130 Prief Church, Shropshire 

Sep. 26. 1420 Clunn Church, Shropshire 

Oct. 25. 2212 JS^ewenden and Rolvenden in Kent 

and in Sussex 2 

1757. 

June 19. 1053 Ellenhall Church, Staffordshire 

July 14. 1005 Corely Church, Shropshire 

Aug. 14. 1040 Wallaza Church, Chester 

Sep. 18. 1271 Dwygyfylchi Church, Carnarvon- 
shire 4 9 

Oct. 25. 2250 Fortifications at Brighthelmstone, 

Sussex 15 0^ 

1758. 

Jan. 8. 1169 North Hayling, Southampton 8 8 

Feb. 19. 1439 Kuockin, Salop 7 llf 

April 9. 1012 Wick and Monk Sherborne, in Berk- 
shire and Southampton 7 11|- 

Aug. 13. 1049 Anstey Church, Warwick 7 9f 

Aug. 20. 1062 Woodbridge Church, Shropshire ... 5 4f 

Aug. 27. 1180 Wellington Church, Staffordshire ... 7 2i 



5 


H 


5 


6 


5 


1 


5 


2 


6 


2 


3 


4 


5 


3 


5 


6f 


9 




5 


H 


4 


8 


5 


2i 


7 


1 


6 


5i 


5 


9+ 


5 


11 


6 


lOi 


3 


lU 


6 


H 


3 


H 


8 


4 


7 


41 


6 


4 


7 


1 


4 


5i 


6 


2f 


5 


4f 


19 


3 


7 


2 


5 


3 


5 


7 



218 BRIEFS IN THE PAUISH OF CRAKBllOOK. 

Estimated 
Loss or Cost. 

£ £ .?. d. 

Sep. 10. 10G9 Stoke Talmie Church, Oxfordshire... 7 4 

Sep. 17. 1220 Edgware Church, Middlesex 6 3 

Sep. 27. 11-1'7 Briid^wortli Church, AViltshire; Can- 
ford Church, Dorsetshire 10 2\ 

15. 1107 Dorchester, Dorsetshire ; Temple 
Farm, Staffordshire ; Earith, 

Huntingdonshire 10 2\ 

1759. 

Jan. 14. 1160 Acton Church, Chester 

Eeb. 11. 1131 Norburry Church, Staffordshire 

Mar. 18. 1066 Sulcoates Church, Yorkshire 

Aprils. 2776 St. Warburg Church, Bristol 

April 22. 1326 Wapping, Middlesex 

May 22. 1376 Audirly Church, Lincolnshire 

June 17. 1162 Lutterworth Church, Leicestershire 

July 15. 1257 Windlebury Church, Oxfordshii-e ... 

Aug. 19. 1089 Tadcaster Church, Yorkshire 

Sep. 9. 1077* Iping Church, Sussex 

Oct. 2. 1231* Chalk Church, Kent 

Oct. 22. 3100 Eor the Church in the kingdom of 

Wesphalia 1 

Nov. 25. 1058 Sandford Mills in Berkshire and 

Southampton 

1760. 

Feb. 24. 1088 Landf air, Montgomery 

Mar. 23. 1086 BryonEglevy Church, Denbighshire 

April 13. 1254 Wroxeter Church, Shropshire 

April 27. 1200 Eastwood Church, Nottinghamshire 

June 8. 1110 Stokeferry Church, Norfolk 

July 13. 1198 Bunhill Eow, Middlesex; North- 
sway, Southampton 

Aug. 10. 1200 Kingswood, Wiltshire 

Sep. 28. 1183 Trowlesworth Church, Leicestershire 

Sep. 14. 1122 St. Peter's Church, WaUingford, 
Berks 

Oct. 19. 1042 Orton Church, Leicestershire 

1761. 

Feb. 18. 1333 Standford in the Vale, Berkshire . . . 

Mar. 8. 1151 Bengeworth, Worcestershire; Fear- 
by, Yorkshire 

Mar. 29. 1016 Warden Church, Northumberland... 

April 12. 4293 Haddenham, Bucks 2 

1764. 

Nov. 18. 12798 Damage done in Kent by a hailstorm 5 
1765. 

Feb. 10. 1077 Penu Church, Staffordshire 

Mar. 17. 1373 Leytham Church, Lancaster 

April 21. 1446 Collingboui'ne and Abbotsford 

* Loss by fire. 



4 


9 


6 


8i 


5 


8 


9 


7 


7 

7 


31 
4 


6 


lOi 


9 


1* 


9 
10 


4| 

5i 


17 


8 


19 


5i 


5 


61 


6 


10 


4 


8 


6 


11 


6 
5 


7i 
11 


10 


11 


7 


10 


5 


9f 


7 
5 


2 


8 


3i 


7 


4 


5 


101 


11 


1 

2 


14 


1 
2 


4 


4 


6 


1 


8 


31 



BRIEFS IN THE PARISH OF CRANBROOK. 219 



Estimated 
Loss or Cost. 

June 9. 1119 Claybrook Church, Leicestershire ... 

May 19. 1500 Ilalghton, Flintshire 

June 30. 1030 Yorkshire (hailstorm) 

July 14. 1205 Chaltou Church, Northumberland 

(hailstorm) 

Aug. 11. 7040 Berkshire (liailstorm) 

Sep. 8. 1786 Sankey Chapel, Lancaster - 

Sep. 29. 1125 Tudely Church, Kent 1 

Oct. 20. 1022 Hampshire (hailstorm) 

Nov. 23. 1635 Alne Church, Yorkshire 

1766. 

Jan. 26. 1000 Lulliugton Church, Derbyshire 

Feb. 16. 1102 Croft Church, Leicestershire 

Mar. 16. 1200 Raudwick Church, Grloucestershire... 

April 13. 1318 Alston Church, Cumberland 

June 8. 2271 St. Martin's Church, "Worcester 

June 22. 1441 Doddleston Church, Chester 

July 13. 1121 High Offley Church, Staffordshire... 

July 27. 1270 L. Pendegle Church, Denbighshire... 

Aug. 10. 1070 Kilby Church, Leicestershire 

Sep. 21. 1020 Dewsbury Church, Y'orkshire 

Aug. 31. 1043 Kirby Church, Lancaster 

Oct. 12. 1036 Bransby Church, Yorkshire 

Nov. 19. 87580 Fire at Montreal, in the Province of 

Quebec, America 5 

Dec. 14. 1165 Thursfield Chapel, Staffordshire 

1767. 
Mar. 8. 1009 Brinkburn Chapel, Northumberland 
April 12. 1025 Aberavon Church, Glamorganshire... 
1019 East Haddon Church, Northampton- 
shire 

1236 Carwin Church, Merionethshire 

1048 Wiltshire and Yorkshire (hailstorm) 

1332 Todmordeu Chapel, Lancaster 

1190 Kimberton Church, Salop 

7617 Hey tesbury, Wiltshire 1 

1768. 

June 12. 1517 Llanyny Church, Denbighshire 

July 10. 1566 Warwickshire (hailstorm) 

July 31. 2402 Cromer Church, Norfolk 

Aug. 28. 1028 Tixall Church, Staffordshire 

Sep. 25. Vaudois Protestants in Piedmont and 

Savoy • 3 

Oct. 23. 1145 Easington Church, Yorkshire 

1769. 

Jan. 8. 1108 Sheepey Magna Church, Leicester ... 

Feb. 19. 1125 Bullwill Church, Nottinghamshire... 

Mar. 16. 3554 Yorkshire Inundations 1 

April 9. 1076 Market Bosworth Church, Leicestersh. 



s. 


d. 


6 


2i 


8 ; 


LO 


8 


2f 


5 


2i 


10 


6f 


5 


8 


5 


10 


8 


6 


5 


5 


4 


1 


4 


lU 


6 


7h 


6 


8 


6 


H 


5 


6i 


7 


H 


6 




4 


3 


5 
4 


5| 

81 


4 


1 


3 


lU 


3 


6i 


4 


6 


5 


2 


5 


5i 


5 

8 


3^ 


4 


9* 


5 

14 


9 


3 
9 


91 
3 


6 


6* 


5 


2 


18 


9 


4 


5 


3 


4 


3 


9 


16 





4 


7i 



220 BRIEFS IN THE PARISH OF CRANBROOK. 

Estimated 
Loss or Cost. 

£, £ s. d. 

April IG. 1050 Nugcrly Church, Buckinghamshire... 5 7\ 

April 30. 1525 Sufferers from Fire in Oxfordshire... 5 5^ 

June 11. 000 Honiton, Devonshire 7 3^ 

July 10. 1105 Lanymonedely Church, Merioneth- 

sliire 4 3 

Aug. 20. 1549 Llangower Church, Merionethshire 5 9| 

Sep. 10. 1453 Llandrillo Church, Merionethshire... 4 8 

Oct. 8. 1164 Clynog Church, Carnarvonshire 3 7f 

Oct. 15. 1063 Malmsbury Chapel, Lancaster 4 6i 

1770. 

Aug. 12. 1135 Farnhara Church, Yorkshire 3 3i 

Aug. 26. 1050 Lin dale Church, Lancaster 7 

Sep. 16. 906 Imber and Wakefield, Yorkshire ... 7 7^ 

Sep. 30. 1010 Shenton Church, Leicestershire 5 7 

Oct. 14. 1354 Nonmonkton, Yorkshire 5 9f 

Oct. 28. 1005 Llanferres Church, Denbighshire ... 3 Hi 

Dec. 9. 1027 Higgle waite Church, Leicestershire... 5 1 

1771 

Feb. 24. 1053 Pannal Church, Yorkshire 4 2 

Mar. 19. 1130 Ewhurst Church, Sussex 12 3 

April 14. 1232 Kinnerly Church, Salop 3 7 

Dec. 22. 1039 Tilehurst Church, Berkshire 3 6^ 

1772 

Feb. 23. 1074 Besley Chapel, Cheshire 3 8^ 

Mar. 29. 1005 Lupley Church and Chapel of Ease, 

Staffordshire 3 6 

April 26. 1347 Inundations at Melverly and Shra- 

wardine, Salop 5 10 j 

May 10. 1009 Broughton A stley Church, Leicester- 
shire 3 llf 

Nov. 22. 1194 Chapelthorpe, Yorkshire ^. 3 6 

1773. 

Jan. 24, 1092 Kimcote Church, Leicestershire 3 4|- 

Mar. 28. 1000 St. Peter's Church, Cambridgeshire... 4 9f 

April 25. 1013 Leire Church, Leicestershire 4 1 

June 13. 2185 St. Alphage Church, London Wall, 

Middlesex 10 9^ 

July 11. 1087 Tweedmouth Chapel, Durham 4 10 

Sep. 5. 1157 Warehorne Church, Kent 18 2 

Sep. 12. 1033 Sharnford Church, Leicestershire ... 3 9 
Sep. 26. 1256 St. Lawrence Church, Ayot, Hert- 
fordshire 2 6^ 

Oct. 10. 1449 Hastingdon Chapel, Lancaster 4 1^ 

Nov 28. 1030 St.Peter's Church, Walling£ord,Berts 4 8^ 
1774. 

Feb. 20. 1055 Ey ther Church, Yorkshire 3 5^ 

Mar. 13. 1028 Birkley and Appleton Churches 3 5^ 

April 10. 1050 Gratwick Church, Staftordshire 4 3| 



BRIEFS IN THE PARISH OF CRANBROOK. 221 

Estimated 
Loss or Cost. 

& & 

April 24. 3572 Battersea Church, Surrey 1 

Aug. 14. 1005 St. German's Chapel, Denbighshire... 

Aug. 28. 1490 Madely Church, Staffordshire 

Sep. 25. 1030 King's Norton Church and Whithal 
Chapel, Worcestershire 

July 17. 1024 Nantlyu Church, Denbighshire 

Oct. 31. 1650 Billericay Chapel, Essex 

1775. 

July 2. 5175 "West "Wycombe, Bucks, (hailstorm) 2 

Aug. 13. 1904 Herefordshire (hailstorm) 

Oct. 8. 1218 Barby Chapel, Yorkshire 

Oct. 29. 1017 Bradshaw Chapel, Lancaster 

1776. 

Feb. 11. 1052 Chaltou Church, Salop 

Mar. 10. 1020 Thornhill Church, Yorkshire 

April 21. 1322 Edenfield Chapel, Lancaster 

May 12. 1328 Stony Stratford Church, Bucking- 
hamshire 

July 23. 1508 Long Ditton Church, Surrey 

July 14. 1030 Betters Gwerfil Goch Church, Me- 
rionethshire 

Aug. 11. 1019 Broom Church, Staffordshire 

Sep. 28. 1019 East Shilton Chvu-ch, Leicestershire 

Sep. 29. 1121 Ipstones Church, Staffordshire 

Oct. 20. 1612 Lainsaintfraid Glyn Geiriog Church, 
Denbighshire 

Dec. 15. 1362 St. Nicholas Church, Borough of 

Warwick 4 5 

1777. 

Mar. 9. 506 Westmorland 

April 13. 1061 Thurlaston Church, Leicestershire . . . 

May 11. 4040 Savoy, Middlesex 1 

June 22. 1438 Butterton Church, Staffordshire ... 

July 27. 1293 Holmfirth Chapel, Yorkshire 

Aug. 10. 1068 Westward Church 

Aug. 31. 1006 Horwich Chapel, Lancaster 

Sep. 21. 1100 Rowley Eegis Church, Staffordshire 

Oct. 12. 1788 Waterfall Church, Staffordshire 

Dec. 14. 1262 Tardebigg Church, Warwickshire ... 

1778. 

Mar. 15. 1513 Hamley Green Chapel, Staffordshire 

May 10. 2030 Wheaton Aston, Staffordshire 1 

June 21. 3089 St. Mary's Church, Staffordshire ... 

Aug. 16. 1001 Orleton Chapel, Worcestershire 

Sep. 27. 1026 South Reston Church, Lincolnshire 

Oct. 26. 4322 Kirkburton, Yorkshire (inundation) 1 

1779. 

Feb. 14. 696 Easingwold, Yorkshire ; Gnosall, 
Staffordshire 



s. 


d. 


2 


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4 lU 


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1. 

2 


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2 


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16 


3 


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5 


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4 


6 


3 


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4 


3 


3 


10 


3 


10 


17 


2 


3 




3 


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3 




3 


7 



5 


10 


3 


4 


5 


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11 


18 




2 


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2 


1 


2 


2 



222 BRIEFS IN THE PARISH OF CRANBROOK. 

Estimated 

Loss or Cost. 

Mar. U. 1028 Kirkhalliiin Church, Derbyshire 

April 18. 1G62 Wlieldrake Church, East Riding o£ 
Yorkshire 

May 19. 1450 Ashley Church, Staffordshire 

Aug. 22. IGOO St. Ni'cliolas Church, Harwich 

Oct. 17. 2120 West Mailing Church, Kent 

Oct. 26. On His Majesty's Letter for the 

Society for the Propagation of the 

Gospel 3 17 7 

1780. 

Feb. 21. 1040 Silston Chape], Northampton 

Mar. 19. 1133 Stapenhill Church, Derbyshire 

April 23. 830 Honiton, Devonshire 

June 1. 2690 "Wandsworth Church, Surrey 



s. 


d. 


2 


^ 


2 


5f 


4 


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2 


6 


15 


7* 



2 
3 


H 

7 


10 


1 


9 


7* 



Sv/mmary of the foregoing 550 Briefs. 

£ s. d. 

For losses by fire at various places 122 4 4| 

For losses by fire at Grraveseud 5 6^ 

For losses by fire at Montreal, America 5 3 11^- 

For repairing and rebuilding various churches 65 1 5^ 

For rebuilding St. Paul's Cathedral (1679) 3 8 2 

For rebuilding Cannongate, Edinburgh (1709) 1 19 4 

For Protestants in Ireland and the Continent 79 19 4^ 

For redemption of captives in Turkish slavery 24 1 

For Philip Dandulo, a Turk (1661) 6 

For an Hungarian being a Gospel Minister 17 S^- 

For a poor and almost blind man 15 8 

For the cowkeepers' brief 16 3 

For fortifications at Brighton, in 1757 15 -i" 

For the Propagation of the Gospel iu Foreign Parts ... 3 17 7 

For inundations at various places 4 13 11| 

For hailstorms at various places 5 17 5i 

For hailstorms iu Kent 1764 5 14 ^ 

For purposes not specified (in various places) 35 11 ^ 

For shipwrecked mariners 4 3 



Total {fully equivalent to £1000 of our money) ... £366 17 



* Collected from house to bouse. 



( 223 ) 



WILLS AND OTHEE EECOEDS RELATING 
TO THE FAMILY OE HODSOLL. 

BY JAMES GREENSTREET. 

"Will of John Hodsoll ; proved 14|f . 

Hegister of Prerogative Court of Ganterlury {Somerset Souse), 
' Luffnam^ 2. 

" In DEI NOMINE Amen — Ego Joliannes Hodesole, sxvij" die 
meusis Januarii anno domini millesimo cccc™° xxiij, sanus mente, 
condo testameutum meum iu hunc modum. In -primis lego animam 
meam deo, beate Marie et omnibus Sanctis ejus, et corpus meum ad 
sepeliendum in ecclesia de Asscbe coram cruce ibidem. Item lego 
summo altari ibidem pro paruis decimis oblitis, et ad rogandum pro 
anima niea, vj s. et viij d. Item lego lumini beate Marie ad emen- 
dum vnam vaccam ad manutenendum lumine predictum x s. Item 
lego ad manutenendum le Trendil ibidem x s. Item lego lumini ar- 
deuti coram cruce ibidem ad emendum vnam vaccam xs. Item lego 
lumini sancti Nicbolai ibidem iij s. iiij d. Item lego operi ecclesie 
de Kemsyngge xiij s. iiij d. Item lego summo altari pro paruis 
deciraie {sic) oblitis xl d. Item lumini beate Marie ibidem xl d. Item 
summo altari de Stansted' iij s. iiij d. Item lumini coram cruce 
ibidem iij s. iiij d. Item lumini beate Marie ibidem iij s. iiij d. 
Item operi ejusdem ecclesie xl s. Item cuilibet filiolorum et filio- 
larum meorum xij d. Item lego fratribus Carmelitis de Aylysforde 
ad celebrandum pro anima mea Triutallium sancti Gregorii sin', 
fraude et decepcione pro anno post obitum meum, xiij s. iiij d., 
et dimidium quarterium frumenti. Item lego Ca2)ellano ydoneo, 
seu Capellauis, ad celebrandum pro anima mea et amicorum 
meorum, in ecclesia de Assche, per duos annos, xx marcas. Item 
"Willelmo Cogger', seruienti meo, x s., (et) vnam togam nigram. Item 
Willelmo Cotyer' vnam togam veterem. Item Johanni Hewe, 
seruienti meo, xl(7., et vnam togam nigram. Item lego in expensis 
meis funeralibus et Trigiutalibus x libras. Item lego pauperibus 
venientibus ad elemosinam in diebus funeralibus et trigiutalibus, et 
aliis elemosinis, vij marcas. Item lego ad distribuendum inter 
famulos meos, secundum discrecionem executorum meomim, xx s. 
Item lego Johanni Tedeley xiij s. iiij d. Residuum vero omnium 
bonorum non legatorura, debitis meis primitus persolutis, si quid 
fuerit tunc remauens, do et lego et assigno Margarete vxori mee et 
Willelmo filio meo, ut ipsi equaliter participent inter eos ; et euudem 
"Willelmum et Thomam Barbour facio executores meos in premissis, 
et eidem Thome lego pro labore suo xiij s. iiij d. In cujus rei testi- 



224 WILLS AND OTHER RECORDS 

monium sigillum meum present! vltime Voluntati mee est appensum. 
Datum die ct anno domini supradictis. 

" Prohatiim fuit prcsona teatamentuni coram Magistro Johanne 
Lyndefold', Commissario etc., xx die fFel)rnarii anno domini siipra- 
dicto et commiesa est administracio bonorum etc., Executoribus in 
prefato testamcnto nominalis. Et consequenter, videlicet xx die 
Marcii anno vt supra, acquietati fuerunt Executores, etc." 

"Will of "William Hodsoll ; dated 1455. 
Register of Consistory Court of Rochester, Book 2, folio xxxj. 

(In Latin.) 
Dated 8 Oct. 1455. " Ego Willelmus Hodesole "—To be buried 
in the Church of St. Nicholas, ilochester — to Thomas Hodesole my 
son — Joan my wife. 

"Will of "William Hodsoll, of Ash ; dated 1499. 
Register of Consistory Court of Rochester, Book 6, fo. 122''. 

Abstract of Testament, whicli is in Latin : — 6 July 1499 — I 
William Hodsole of Asch'. To be buried in the churchyard. 
Tsabeir my wife. 

Signed: ""Willelmus Hodsole, Laberour." 

" This is the last "Wyll' of me "William Hodsole, of and vpon the 
disposicione of my laudes and tenementes in the parish', of Asch or 
els where : jf-rst I wul Y Isabell my wyfe have the ocupacon of my 
howsyng', & landes ther to belongyng' as longe as she leuyth sole 
wydow." — " John Hodsole my yongyst sone" to have a crofte of four 
acres called Chalke, in Asch, "late purchasid' of Master "Wombewell', 
and 40 s. in money of Thomas & Wylliam his brederyii " at age of 
eighteen years. " Also I wull' Y Thomas & "Wylliam my sones 
ocupie my place & lande yf my wyfe Isabell' goo owte of them." 
Either to be other's heir. " Also I wul neyther of them sell' the 
tenementes & landes aboueseyde to no persone but He \i.e. " one- 
lie," equivalent to " only "] to his breder." 

[No probate clause.) 

"Will of Thomas Hodsoll, of Ash ; proved 1537. 

Register of Consistory Coiort of Rochester, Book 9, fo. 240''. 

"Thomas Hodsall', of Assche." Dated 29 July 1536. "I 
Thomas Hodsall', of Asche " — To be buried in churchyard of Asshe. 
""William my soil" — "Joone my doughter " — "'Christian my 
doughter." Prohate granted 2 June 1537. 

AViLL OF "William Hodsoll, of Denton ; proved 1550. 

Miscellaneous Wills proved in the Consistory Court of Rochester. 

Original "Will ( ? or copy for registration) endorsed : — " Testa- 
mentum Willelmi Hadsoll, de Dentoii." — Prohate granted 19 Dec. 
1550. 



ranc!) 









^etJtjgree of tlje Jloose Couit ^ranclj of tlje ancient jBicnt JTamtl^ of l^otisoU. 



COMPILED BY JAMES GREENSTREBT. 



(N.B.— Tbii. i«:(ligree r 



of Uie dc«>tiU of tbc South A»h lini-. the whole of them down t 



BEFESBNCBS TO AUTUOBITIBS BY MEANS OF LETTBRS:— 

. ii., I'ftriah Begiitcr of Aiih-next-Ridlojr. Kent, l ir. R.. Pnrirfi Rcgiator of Wadhnrat, 8«»scx, 

"-" " 7. A. WillB provwl in the Coiwirtorj OouH 

, ^ ,. - ...... . - ., ^ .. „ .. 

p.n a«t«i, 

■S- It-< t. .. ^hipbomn. 



n.s.. 



p. C. C. wills prorcd in the Prerogativ. 

P.o/Ij. S.ti«J CfWiW*. proTcd in the TccuUftnof London, Sbopchiun, and Crordoti fSomfinot Hoimt 

P. k 0„ PahUc Bcconl (Jfflcc, ' \°v™«»»* »owj. 



5outt ^sb ILtne. 



L (of tkHilli Ash). Taxed for hi» Inads at Ash in lCt3-44 (P. B. 0., KxchoqnOT Lay Snbsidtes, Kent, No. I25|'282, Ann. 34-35 Hen. VIII.) » Thomiw Hodwll " bur. 17 Aug. 1313 (J. fl.).-. . 



William Ud<1bo11. Die 



" William Hodsoll buried y xxix day of December, 1586 " (.rt. A). Will 



9 Jfto. 1656-87 (P. C. r., " Spencer." 5),=E: 



Joint UODSOLL. Dcadii 



Richard Parl(Of,=rR!onnor .... ■' Jl" Kllonoief Williftm Hodeoll, second hiiaband. Died I Oot. 
tint husband, I nod*ol1,widowe. was buried IClfi. -M' William 1 
29"' July, 1631 " (,i. R.). October, IfilB " (A. R.) 



John Hodsoll (of Cowfold, 8us80x).=Faitl, 
Will {P. C. a, '■ Weldou," 101) of . . . 

dated 1 Aug. 1617 ; prored 16 Nor, Bacon, 



nd Ridley. 8ho wiu born 



li.„ 



Rlcbnril Heater Si^ylinrd, oldcut: 



H., "dnugh- HMter H. De- Henry H.,=Pi 




jC/'.C.C, "Broco.'MB). I 



ter of William 


acribod a§ under 


Hodwll."bftp. 30 


24inl010. "M" 


May, iai)2 (.1. R.). 












miimcd li'" Feb. 


[.-.c. 1623-24] 


ruary. 1013 ■ j,.c. 





Hodsoll," M'll. 



ofThos. HodKilI." 
\in\i. 29 JunOt 1002 
(i.fl.). "John.wn 
of Thoe. Hodsoll," 



u Fob.'r — ■■ 

(/. R.) 



S-6 U Fob. 1607-8 



bap. 30 Mofa. I6DII 
{T.RX "QuUcl. 
muBHodioU" bur. 
1619 (i. /f.], 



.. 24 Oot. Iloflcr 



Steplion Uodjoll, Boniy Ho«tK>ll, Blltabotb Hod- 
" non of Thoa. " aon of Tho.. mU, ■■ dan. of 
noil«oll,"bap. Hod«oll," bap. Tbo«. HodBoll," 



Noll, '■ 8on=?=Mftry ElU 
IliamHod- Butcher, "da 
>. 31 Mcb, dau. of of ^ 



Ai.r. 10:t3 
(X.R.). 
Dedcribed 



..l^Kliiinbeth fitone- William 11., Anne H. 

I J" . only dan. "boh of M' Descrilwd 

\h-. Store- Williomand inl6G3n8 

- , Citi«en Elizabeth <th older 

,\ liothocary, Hodsoll," dan. 

M ii'iidoii. bap. U Jnn. 



Francia Hod- IlBXnt FIoDSOLiPFMary John Hodioll, under 31 Maxf)'-M 



bur. 13 June, 1700 
(/.«.). Wil 
1720 (/./?.). dated! Doc.l 



" Vtmk\» Hwlwll, of Iln.l' 



1 H«l«oll, of Ship. (/. It.). 



■baro of Uodxa 



bia mother'* pro[>orly, 
which ilueunuod to her 
from bor father " OilOi* 



1712 (/. It.). Will 



proved 17 Doc. 1712, 



Chancery Proceed Ingti.) 






Cbnrlpsn,. Thomaa H., 

" g, of M' " s. of M' J» 

J-Hodrol.'" Hod«ol4: 

bap. 10 Mary,"bftp. 

July,ll!(i2; 3 Hep. 1663 

bom 3 July (IK.i?.). 

(IK. i/.). Living in 



Sept.i665. bap. .11 Auy 
Rob. a. of 10fi8(Il'.fl.), 



M' J" Hodsol," 
bant. 22 Oot. 
£) ( W. It.). 



3 1710. Hudso 



HmiBY Hodsoll (of^BHia- Thomoi Hod- 



I H., the wife of Capt. 



Capt. of H.M.S, WilliamPasscogcriuUlO. 



MEKBY nODBOLL ^OI^. 

HAdlow), " Bon of 1 

Uenrr HadwU,'' bnp. 

1 No». 1673 («■ «.). I 



7 Sep. Hodwll," " Son of Henry 



,lobn Hodsoll, described as Edmund HodGoll, described 



under 21 in 1710. 



« under 21 in 1710. 



William Hodsoll, Bliaabcth Hod- Moiy Hodnotl, Henry Hotl»ll,YMargnrct 



Ileniy k Eli- 
>ab. Hodnoll," 
bap. 22 Deo. 
1703 (5. J?.). 



of Hcuiy " 17.13, Margat 



July, 1705 bur. 21 Sep. iS. i 

i&R,). \r.). Seehersou-al 

burial on the 



ThomMUodEoll,"i 
of Henry Hadacl." 
bnp. 25 June, 170" 
(//. S.). 



John Hodsoll, RBtiiiBK HODSOLL (of^Annc Barr.^Mary Stone. Thomaa Hodsoll, 



t Henry Haiisol, 17oa (//. R.-). 



Died 29 
Jan. 1783, 
aged 67 



a Hodscll," hap. fi Mch. 



Ill Henry Hodsoll, of 
' from Hannidi Maria 




Fuller, ot FrtndoburT 



Hannah ("youngcat 
dnu."). The wife of 
William Wimble, of 
Chatham, in 1710, 



of Mazflold k IsftboUa 



i; ^slli'uS- il?.^'l-''^?V"'.''?)/''i^^,'- 1 



Mary HodeoU. born= 
21 Mch. 178S. 
When mitrried, 



Hadsel,!' bap. 
8 Jnly. 1743 
ill. A.). 



htm. 21 



Hadflol." 
ng. 1744 



1 of Uunry 
(li.Ji,). Living, and Dec.l7fil(//.B.). 



(,rtdfUwl.) of Hadlow in 17KS. 



Mcb. 1768 Cridf 
Deed), and dcMribcd 
as of Kentish Toira, 
OlBccr of Excise. 



Henry Ilodsoll,7Anne Hodsoll, William Hodsoll.?. . 
of 61 V • ^ ' •■^-~" '*'--' ""•'• — ' 



of St. Mary' 
Wrotham. 



EHiabeth HodsoU.=. . 
Bom 22 Slay, sn 

1790. When mar- 
ried, lived in the 
Pariah of Hoo. 



idsoll, born 11 June.^Mary Jones, William Hodsoll. 

VuB sent to sea when j second wif«. Wu a soldier 

id lost sight of. bnt ' Died 1878. (J in India), 

cic and worked as a ; Supposed to have 

D the Isle of Qrain. '. died unmoniwl. 



Thomas Hodsoll. 
William HodaoU. 
Henry Hodsoll. 



Bookseller and 
ScTcnooks. 



Wa<y. . 



MAiriBLD HODSOLLTSarah 
(of Wrolhnm). Bom " " 
II Jan. 1764; died 21 
Jaly, 1837 (<?»■» at 



Hackvtl, Died 1 



Anno Hodsoll. I.iTing=sHi 



SJ. 



IJTing, 1878, at Salt Pa 



Elisabeth Hodsoll.= 
Living, If 
Ashford, 



William Hod*oH.=Mary 
Living, 1878.10 Brirtow 
tbc Isle of Groin. 



Martha Hodsoll.=Willia 
Living, 1878. at Fry. 
Bochcatcr. 



Hannah HodsolL 
li Uvine 1878, and married. 



Living, 1878 
in London. 



Joseph Hodsoll. 
(f Seomoo). 



Jameu HAOKarr HoD60LL,-rriusannB Spencer, grand-daoghter of 
bum 18 May, 1818. JotcphBpcncer.of ParkPorm.Wrolham. 

MAXnKl.J>=faeorglana Mary Pollock, eldest Uura Hodsoll. 
Hodsoll, bom 16 dau. of Ocorge Kcnnot PoUwk, ,. ~„ . „ 

ind grand-dan. of Bir David CarolmoHodsoU. 



7 Oct. 1870. Goo^hmn Katharine H., bom 21 Oct. 1871. Cbarica Wilfred I 



It H., bom 29 Nov. 1873. George Bertnus Pollock R., bom 18 Jnt 



Hoiold Edward Pollock H., bom 30 Apr. 1877. 



" From this point the pedigree of the yoangcr li 
t The pcdigieo of the elder line from thi^ point 



to me by above James Hackbtt Hodsoll and Cbablm 

IT ststementa of abo*c Jouk Hoosoll and HRX&r Pocooi^ made l 



RELATING TO THE FAMILY OF KODSOLL. 225 

" I Wyllyam Hudsoll " — " my brother Jemes Fremle " — to " my 
brotlier Tomas Hudsoll — xxs." Meutions "my Lady Erowke " — 
" Wyllyam Dall to receive my wagys for the halffe yere, the whyclie 
ys iiij li. xj .v., and whythe yt to paye my skores & detes." 

Dated " Thurdaye {i.e. 3) of Octtober " A" 4 Edw. VI. 

"Will of John Hodsoll, of West Malling ; dated 155G. 

JReqister of Consistory Court of Rochester, Book 12, fo. Ixviij 
{modern pencil £o. 69/"). 

Dated 3 Dec. 1550. " I Johu Hodsele [above this is written : 
" Hodsoll"], of West Mailing — To be buried iu the churchyard of 
West Malliug. " Item I will that John Hodsoll uiy eldest son shall 
have vj //. xiij s. iiij d., to be payed to him at the age of xviij. Item 
I will y' William Hodsoll my son shall have vj U. xiij s. iiij d. leke 
wise at th'age of xviij, and every one to be others heyre." 
" Alice my doughter " at age of 18, or marriage, to have 3Z. Qs. 8d. 
" Jone my doughter " ,, „ ,, ,, 

" Elsabeth my doughter " ,, ,, „ „ 

" Margaret my doughter " ,, „ ,, „ 

The child that his wife goeth w^ all, if a man chiide, to have 
6 /. 13 s. 4 d. If it be a mayd. Si. 6 s. 8 d. at age of 18, or 
marriage. 
" Alice my wif ' " sole executrix. 

Prohnte granted 21 Jan. 155... 

Will of AVilliam Hodsoll, of Ash ; dated 1616. 

Rochester Court. Original Will {.''or copy for registration) — 
three sheets, the last damaged. 

Dated 30 Sept. 1616. " I William Hodsoll' th'elder, of Ashe 
neere Kingsd . . . . , in the County of Kent, gentleman " — " Item I 
give vnto EUenor my wyt'e one Annuitye or yearly rente of fiftye 
poundes " — " yssuynge & goinge out of my Manner of Sou ....,& 
out of all the landes, tenementes & hereditamentes thervnto belong 
" etc., etc. 

" Item I give vnto my sayd wyfe the summe of twenty seaven 
poundes two sliillinges & sixpence w*^'' her sonne M'' Richard 
Parker dooth owe vnto me, to bee payd to her by the sayd Richard " 
— Gives to his wife, inter alia, " my ridinge nagge or geklinge & y® 
ridinge furniture w'''' my sayd wyfe doth vse when shee rydeth oi* 
iornyth abroad." She to board his "sonne William." Gives to 
his " Sonne John " 300 /. upon condition that, at or on the Feast of 
St. Michael 1618, he makes release by sufficient conveyance to said 
" sonne William " of all right and title " of & in all my Manners, 

messuages " etc. — *' my sonne Hewe "to have 300 Z. at or on 

29 Sept. 1620. Executor to pay " my sayd sonne Henry " 10 /. a 
year upon his making similar release to " my sayd sonne William " 
— "his sisters here vndernamed" — {much of it is gone) — "my 
daughter Hester," at age of 24—" Elleuor " 100 Z., at age of 20— 
daughter, at age of 24. 

YOL. XIV. . q 



226 WILLS AND OTHER RECORDS 

Will of Thomas Hodsoll ; dated 1GG5. 

Peculiars of Lo7idon, Shoreham and Croydon, Rngister Book of 
Wills proved between 16G4 and 1080, folio 24. 

Dated 20 Maivli A" 17 Clias. II., and a.d. 16G5. " I Thomas 
Hadsall, of Ightliam," co. Kent, " shearman," — to " Maundy Had- 
sall my brother " 5 /. — to "ffrancis lladsall my brother " 10 /. — to 
"John lladsall my brother" 10/., at age of 21— to " .Maxfeild 
Hadsall my brother" 10/., at age of 21. ''Item I will and give 
vnto Henry Hadsall, of 8oan street, in the parish of Scale, my 
kinsman, ffive pounds " — " Henry Munck my brother in law " — 
Eesidue of goods, etc., to "William Hadsall and Henry Hadsall my 
brothers equally betweene them " — and he makes them his executors. 

Probate granted to William Hadsall and Henry Hadsall, the 
executors, on 19 April, 1GG5. 

Will of Elizabeth Hodsoll, widow ; proved 1G71. 

Peculiars of Londo7i, Shoreham and Croydon, Register Boole of 
Wills proved between 1G04 and 1680, folio 311''. 

" I Elizabeth Hodsoll, of the parish of Stansted, in the county of 
Kent, widdovv, and relict of William Hodsoll, of South Ash, in the 
parish of Peters Ash, in the said county, gent." — to my four 
daughters Ellen, Anne, Susan and Margaritt Hodson {sic), six 
months after my decease — Susan married to Richard Wodden, 
yeoman, and living in the parish of Ash — " my house called Bakers 
wherein I now dwell " — " my ueice Anne Gratwicke the daughter 
of my brother Eichard Grratwicke " — my son in law M'' John 
Gossage, of Plumsted — my sisters Tecta Challener and Jane Bur- 
tenchar — "my youngest sonne William Hodsoll" — my sonn 
Edmund Hodsoll (makes him her executor). Dated 6 April 1G71. 

Probate granted to Edmund Hodsoll, son and executor , on 10 July 
1G7G. 

Will of Henry Hodsoll, of Shipbourist ; proved 1700. 

Register of Consistory Court of Rochester, Book 27, fo. 17G. 

Dated 1 Dec. A" 11 Wm. III., and a.d. 1699. Henry Hodsoll, 
of Shipborn, yeoman. His land at Ivy Hatch, in the parish of 
Ightham, — his son John Hodsoll to have it — " my second son 
William Hodsoll " — wife Mary Hodsoll to have possessions in 
Addiugton and Eyarsh for her life, then to go to his son Thomas 
Hodsoll. Eesidue of goods, chattels, etc., to " my third son Henry 
Hodsoll " whom he appoints his executor. 

Probate granted 24 June 1700 to Henry Hodsoll, son and 
executor. 

Will of Captain James Hodsoll ; proved 17°^. 

Register of Prerogative Court of Canterbury (Sotnerset House), 
' Smith,' 68. 

" I Cap*^ James Hodsoll, commander of Her Majesties Ship 



RELATING TO THE FAMILY OF HODSOLL. 227 

Squirrell," — " imto my loveing brother M"" Henry Hodsoll" 100 Z. 
within six months after payment of wages etc. ; — "unto my loveing 
brother M'" Thomas HodsoU" 100/., as above ; — "unto my loveing 
sister M'^ Mary Hodsoll, wife to my brother M^" James As" 100/., 
as above ; — " unto my loveing sister Madam Ann Hodsoll, wife to 
Captain William Passenger " 100 /., as above ; — " unto my nephews 
John and Edmond Hodsoll, sons to my brother M"" Edmond Hodsoll 
deceased," 50 /. each, at age of 21 ; — " unto my nephew James Hodsoll, 
son to my brother M'' William Hodsoll deceased, all such wages and 
table money as shall become due to him for the time he shall be 
with me as a Voluntier in her Majesties Shipp SquirriU aforesaid ;" 
— " unto my loveing brother M"^ John Baynard, husband to my 
sister M'^ Jane Hodsoll, all the remainder of my wages and money," 
as above. 

Dated 23 January 1709 (i.e. 17^|) ; probate granted 18 March 
1709 (i.e. 17ff). 

Will of Edmund Hodsoll, gent., of St. Maet Cray ; 
PROVED 1711. 

Register of Prerogative Court of Cantcrhury (Somerset Souse), 
' Toimg; 186. 

"I Edmund Hodsoll, of Saint Mary Cray, in the county of 
Kent, gentleman, being aged, but of a sound and disposeing mind 
and memory" — "my loving wife Elizabeth, whom I doe make and 
ordaine full and sole executrix of tliis my last Will and Testament" 
— " my three daughters Hellena, Mary and Jane Hodsoll " — " my 
four daughters Hellena, Mary, Elizabeth and Jane " — " my son 
John Hodsoll "• — " all that my messuage, fiarme and lands, being 
about fifty acres, now in the occupation of Thomas Carrier, which I 
formerly purchased of M'' Alexander Haddon the younger, scituate 
and being in Saint Mai-y Craj^e aforesaid, being about fifty acres of 
land and orcharding" — "my messuage, farme and lands called 
Bakers, lying in Stansted, in the said county." — " Item 1 doe give 
and devise vnto my said son John Hodsoll all my goods that shall 
be in his chambers in Cliftbrds Inne, in London " — " my good 
friend and kinsman Thomas Gratwick, esquire " — Item I do give to 
every one of my said four daughters Hellena, Mary, Elizabeth and 
Jane, the sume of six hundred pounds a peice of lawfull money, to 
be paid to them severally by my said executrix within three months 
next after my decease" — "vnto my sister Susan Woodden '" — 
" vnto my three nephews Samuel Atwood, clerke, John Hodsoll, of 
South Ash, gent., and William Hodsoll, goldsmith, brother of the 
said John Hodsoll" — "vnto my said sister Woodden, and to her 
daughter Susan Woodden " — " vnto my cousin Gratwick, esquire," 
—Dated 28 Sept. 1710. 

Probate granted 25 Sept. 1711 to Elizabeth Hodsoll, relict and 
executrix. 

Q 2 



228 WILLS AND OTIIEll llECOUDS 

Will of Maxfielu Uousoll, of Wkotham ; pkoved 1712. 
Peculiars of London, SJiorcham and Croydon, Register No. 5. 

Dated 10 Aug. A" 9 Anne, and a.d. 1710. "I Ma.xfeild 
Hodsoll,o£ Wi'otliam," co. Kent, "yeoman," — "my eldest daughter 
Jane, now wife of David Polley, of "VVilhnington," eo. Kent, — " my 
second daughter Mary, wife of Phillip Ifuller, of ffriiisbury," — " my 
youngest daughter Hannah, wife of William Wimble, of Chatham," 
CO. Kent, — Contract of marriage " between me and my loving wife 
Mary Scale" — "John Graunsden, of East Mailing," co. Kent, 
"ffatherof my said loving wife." — " Itcvi I give and devise unto 
my sonu Maxfeild Hodsoll all my messuages, lands, tenements and 
hereditaments, whatsoever and wheresoever." 

Probate granted to Maxfeild Hodsoll, son and executor, 17 Dec. 
1712. 

GrRANT OF LeTTEES OF AdMINISTEATION OF THE EFFECTS OF 

John Hodsoll, gent., of St. Maet Ceat ; dated 1719. 

Prerogative Court of Canterbury (Somerset House), Administra- 
tion Act Boole, August 1719. 

The 4th day administration of the effects of John Hodsoll, late 
of St. Mary Cray, co. Kent, bachelor, deceased, granted to ins only 
sister Helena Hodsoll. 



Extract from Deed by which the Hodsolls granted a Lease 
OF 2000 Years in eespect of certain Property in Ight- 

HAM ; DATED 1788. 

{The above Deed is tJie property of Mr. John Hodsoll, of Salt- 
pans, in the Isle of Grean.) 

" This Indenture made the twenty eighth day of March in the 
twenty eighth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord George the 
Third" etc., "And in the year of our Lord one thousand seven 
hundred and eighty eight, Between John Hodsoll, of Hadlow, in 
the county of Kent, yeoman, William Hodsoll, of Hadlow aforesaid, 
yeoman, Masfield Hodsoll, of Braisted, in the said county of Kent, 
yeoman, and Easton Hodsoll, of Kentish Town, in the county of 
Middlesex, officer of Excise (which said John Hodsoll, William 
Hodsoll, Maxfield Hodsoll, and Easton Hodsoll, were the four Bro- 
thers and co-heirs in Gavelkind, for Gavelkind lands used in the 
said county of Kent, of Henry Hodsoll their late Brother deceased, 
who died a Batchelor, and intestate, and which said John Hodsoll, 
William Hodsoll, Maxfield Hodsoll, and Easton Hodsoll, were the 
five Sons and co-heirs in Gavelkind, as aforesaid, of Henry Hodsoll, 
late of Hadlow aforesaid, ffarmer, their late ffather deceased) of the 
one part," etc., etc. 



RELATING TO THE FAMILY OF HODSOLL. 229 

Co7isistory Court of Rochester, Administration Act Booh, July 1791. 
Hodsoll, formerly Tassell, Frances. 

The 21st day administration of the effects of Frances Hodsoll, 
formerly of Town Mailing, co. Kent, spinster, but late of Hadlow, 
same county, deceased, granted to William Hodsoll her lawful hus- 
band. Sworn under 5 I. 



CHANCERY PROCEEDINGS. 

CoLLixs, Bills and Answers befoee 1714, No. 140. 

Michaelmas 1G58, Hodsoll versus French. 

Bill of Comj)laint, dated 2 3tay 1657. 
" To the Eight Honorable the Lords Commissioners for the custody of the 
greate Seale of England. 
"In most Humble manner Complaining doe shew vnto your good Lordshipps 
your daly poore distressed Orat. William Hodsoll and Thomas Hodsoll two of 
y'' eldest sonnes and coheirs in Gauelkinde according to y" Custome of Kent 
of William Hodsoll, late of Igtham in y^' said Countie of Kent, gentlem., and of 
Jane his wife, as well on their owne behalfes as on the parte and behafe of 
Manly, fErancis, Henry, John and Maxfeild Hodsoll, five more of y<= sonnes and 
coheirs in Gauellkinde of them y'' said William and Jane, beeing yett vnder y*^ 
age of 21 yeares, and to w''' five the said William and Thomas are Gardivus 
specially admitted that whereas Thomas Hodsoll late of Igtham aforesaid, your 
Oratours Grandefather about 16 or 17 yeares agoe was lawfully seized in bis 
demesne as of fee of and in a certaine Capitall Messuage or Tenements w"' y'= 
appurtenance called Georges and of and in 60 acres of laude meadow pasture 
and woodgrounde therevnto beelonging and therew"' vsually occupied and 
enioyed of y^ cleare yearely valine of 40 11. a yeare. besides all charges, scituate 
lying and beeing in Igtham aforesaid, and beeing soe seized as aforesaid and 
wanting money to supply his necessity did repaire vnto one Anthony Hobbes of 
Orpington in the said Countie of Kent gen " etc. 

•• The joynct and severall Answres of Anne French, widdowe, and 
ffrancis fErench the younger, by ffrancis ffrench th'elder, guardian 
to ffrancis the younger, dcfcndanfit to the bill of Complainte of 
William Hodsall and Thomas Hodsall in their owne behalfes 
coiiiplahiants. as well as Mandy, ffrancis. Henry, John and Max- 
field Hodsall, by their guardians, comjjJfiinants.'^ 
" theis defend ant St'" — "say, that they doe beleive that Thomas Hodsall. late of 
Ightham in the county of Kent, gent., mencioned in the said bill of Complainte 
to be the complainants' grandfather, was in his life time, that is to say. about 
twenty and nyne yeare since, seized in his demeasne. as of fee simple, or of 
some other estate of inheritance, of and in one messuage or tenement, with the 
appurtenances, called or knowne by the name of Georgies, scituate, lyeing and 
being at Heavy Hatch in the said parishe of Ightham ; and of and in two 
barnes. one gatehowse, one malthowse, anil other buildings and edifices to the 
said messuage or tenement belonging, and reputed parte or parcell thereof ; 
and alsoe of and in fower orchards and twelve parcells of land and wood con- 
teineing in them all by estimacion fForty acres more or lesse to the said 



230 WILLS AND OTIIEll RECORDS 

messuage or tcncraeut neerc adjoyneint,' and lyeing, and being togcathcr in 
Igbtham aforesaid ; and alsoe of and in one other l)arne called fl'ui-iiiiieliers 
\jihonl(l he ^\ffur))nnchcrs'''\, with the appurteTiances, scitnate and being in 
Igbtham aforesaid, over against the aforesaid messuage ; and of and in one 
herbe garden and two parcells of land contcining by estimacion seaven acres, 
more or Icsse, lyeing togeather in Igbtham aforesaid ; and alsoe of and in six 
other several! parcells of laud and wood called or knowne by the names of 
Peckbam, Broomcs. and l^ichers, or by what other name or names they or any 
of them are, or have bine called or knoM^ne, conteineing in the whole, by 
estimacion, twenty and fewer acres, Which said premisses or parte thereof 
theis defendants take to be the messuage, lands, and premisses mencioiied in 
the said bill of Complainte, And being thereof soe seized, the said Thomas 
Hodsall, as theis defendants Ibeleive, and soe hope to prove, did, by the name of 
Thomas Hodsall, of Igbtham, in the county of Kent, gent., and Dorothy his 
wife, by their deed dated the sixteenth of October in the ffif the yeare of the 
reigne of our late soveraigue Lord Kinge Charles over England etc., for the 
consideration of one hundred and flEower score pounds of lawful! money of 
England, to them in hand by Anthony Hobbs of Ightham aforesaid, 
gent., well and truely paied. Did alsoe give, grante, bargaiue, and sell unto the 
said Anthony Hobbs the said messuage, landes, and premisses, and the reverciou 
and revercious, remainder and remainders of all and evei'y the said premisses 
and of every part and pai'cell thereof, To have and to hold the said messuage," 
efc, "unto the said Anthony Hobbs, his heirs and assigues," <';"(:•., "for ever, 
With a Provisoe therein conteiued, that if the said Thomas Hodsall, bis beires, 
executors or administrators, or any of them should well and truely content and 
pay, or cause to be paied unto the said Anthony Hobbs, his heii's,'' etc., "At 
or in the then dwellinghouse of the said Thomas Hodsall, scituate in Igbtham 
aforesaid, the full sume of one hundred flouer score fouertene pounds and eight 
shillings of lawfull Englisbe mony on the eighteenth day of October which 
was in the yeare of our Lord God one thousand six hundred and tbirtye, that 
then the said Indenture of bargaine and sale, guifte, and graunte should be 
utterly void to all intents and purposes whatsoever, witli divers others covenants 
therein conteined (as) more at lardge may appeare. And doe beleive that 
within some short time after the makeing of the said Conveyance be the said 
Thomas Hodsall dyed, baveing yssue of his body, as theis defendants are 
informed, at the tyme of bis decease, William Hodsall, the complainants'' 
ffather, whoe was bis eldest sonue, and Stephen Hodsall and Henry Hoilsall, unto 
whome the equitie of redempcion did pertcyne as being brothers, and beires in 
Gavelkinde unto the said Thomas Hodsall their late ffather. And theis 
defendants doe further say, that they doe beleive that the conqdainants^ Sather 
was lefte in debt by the cumplainants'' grandfather, and that be the said 
William Hodsall could not tell well howe to redeeme the said messuage and 
lands ; and baveing, as theis defendants verily beleive, about the time of bis 
father's decease, marryed with one of the daughters of Henry Maundy the 
elder, of Suudrishe, in the said county, yoman, with wbome be bad, as these 
defendants beleive, a good furtune, And the said Henry Maundy finding the 
said messuage, landes, and premisses, ingaged and forfeited, did, as theis 
defendants have heard, paie in the raonyes due unto the said Anthony Hobbs, 
And thereuppon, as theis defendants beleive, the said William Hodsall and 
Anthony Hobbs. by their Conveyance good in Lawe, beareiug date the ffirst day 
of October in the tenth yeare of the raigne of our late soveraigne Loi'd Kinge 
Charles over England etc., by the name of William Plodsall, of Igbtham, in the 
county of Kent, gent., and Anthony Hobbs, of Bromely, in the said county, 
gent., thereby reciteing that 'for and in consideration of the sume of three 
hundred and tbirtie poundes of lawfull Englisbe mony," etc., " payed by the 
said Henry Maundy the elder and Henry Maundy his Sonne, that is to say, one 
hundred and ffower score pounds thereof to the said Anthony Hobbs, and the 
residue thereof to the said William Hodsall, the receipt whereof they did 
tbereby acknowledge. Did grant, alyeue, sell, eufeoffe, and confirme unto the 
said Henry Maundy the elder and Henry Maundy his sonne, their beires and 
assignes the said messuage, lands, and premisses. To have and to hold the said 



RELATING TO THE FAMILY OF HODSOLL. 231 

messuage or tenement lands, and premisses, with the appurtenances, unto the 
said Henry Maundy the elder and Henry Maundy his souue, their hcires and 
assignees for ever, With divers other Covenants therein conteincd (as), refen-ence 
being thereunto had, more at lardge may appcare. Which said deed soe made 
as-aforesaid by the comjjlni/uinf.'i' ffather and the said Anthony Hobl)s was an 
absolute conveyance and had noe Provisoe or condicion for redempcion of the 
premisses on the payment of any sunie or sumes of money whatsoever, neither 
doth it thercl^y appeare that it should be void upon the payment of the said 
sume of tlu'ce hundred and thirty pounds, with damage for forbearance, and 
theis dcfcndtintx fuilher say that they have heard that the said Henry Maundy 
the elder, scone after the said deed was soe made as aforesaid, dyed,- And that 
the said Henry Maundy the younger him survived, by reason whereof, as theis 
difcndanfv are informed, the said Henry Maundy the younger became wholely 
estated in the said premisses, and he being soe seized did, as it is related, and 
as they hope to prove, procure the said Stephen Hodsall and Henry Hodsall, 
the two younger souus of the said Thomas Hodsall, by their deed Poll beareing 
date the seaventeenth day of Aprill in the three and twentieth yeare of the 
said late King Charles etc., to graunte and release all their estate, tytle, 
interest, use, possession, power, possibilitie of redempcion, condicion, property, 
claime, and demaund, whatsoever, which they had or could claime in the said 
messuage and lands," etc.. " And theis defendants further say that they have 
bine informed that the said William Hodsall did much ymportune the said 
Henry ilrench to lend him three hundred pounds, and for security thereof he 
would procure the said Henry Maundy to convey parte of the said premisses 
unto him the said Henry fEreuch ; uppon which ymportunity he condiscended, 
And thereuppon it was agreed that a conveyance to be executed by ffync 
should be made of all the said premisses, and parte thereof should be lymitted 
to the said Henry ffrench and his heires, and the other parte thereof should be 
setled on the said William Hodsall and Jane his wife, as hereafter is expressed. 
And for that purpose an Indenture tripartite, beareing date the third day of 
May in the yeare of our Lord one thousand six hundred forty and seaven, and 
made betweeue the said Henry Maundy and Anne his wife, the said Anthony 
Hobbs, by the name of Anthony Hobbs, of Orpington, in the said county, gent., 
and Anne his wife, of the first parte, and the said William Hodsall and Jane 
his wife of the second parte, and the said Henry flfrench this defendante Annes 
husband of the third parte, thereby reciteing that in consideracion of the sume 
of three hundred pounds of lawfull mony of England payed by this defendante 
Annes husband according as therein is appointed it should be payed for the 
setling of a competent joyncture of some parte of the landes on the said Jane 
the wife of the said William Hodsall, And for other consideracions therein 
expressed, all the said parties did grante, bargaine, sell, enfeoffe, and confirme 
unto the said Henry ifrench his heires and assignes All the said premisses soe 
first granted unto the said Anthony Hobbs, To have and to hold the said 
messuage, lands, tenements, hereditaments and premisses, with the appurte- 
nances, unto the said Henry ffrench his heires and assignes. To the severall uses, 
intents, and purposes in the said deed and hereafter expressed, that is to say. 
Of, for and concerninge the said barne called ffurmingers barue, and all those 
seaven peices or parcells of land, meddowe, and pasture called ffirmingers, 
Beards, Ditchers, and the fouer Peckhams Broomes, conteining by estimacion 
three and thirty acres, To the only propper use and behoofe of the said William 
Hodsall and Jane his wife for and during the terme of their two naturall lives 
and the life of the longest liver of them, for the joyncture of the said Jane and 
in satisfaccion of her dower, And from and after their deceases to the only 
propper use and behoofe of the right heires of the said William Hodsall for ever- 
which are the eomjjlainant.s'as these defendants take it, And of, for, and concern- 
ing the said messuage or tenement, with the appurtenances, called Gcorgies. to, 
geather with the malthouse, gatehouse, workhouse, barne, stable, outhouses, 
edifices, and buildings thereunto belonging. And also two yards, one garden, and 
two orchards, thereunto adjoyueiug and apperteineiog, conteineiug by estimacion 
about two acres. And likewise all those foresaid eight severall peices or parcells 
of land, meaddowe. pasture, and woodground, commonly called JIarfeild, the 



232 WILLS AND OTHER llECORDS 

Old Hopgarden, Grcatc Castles, Litlc Castles, Sandfeild, Sandfeild Wood, 
Nevvland Uottomc, and llighfeild, with their and every of their rights, members, 
and appurtenances, lyeing and being togcather at or neere Ivy Hatch aforesaid, 
iu the occupacion of William Love and William Hodsall, conteineing by 
estimaciou about two and forty acres, sometimes one Christopher I'elsautes, 
beinge parte of the lands formerly ingaged to the said Anthony Hobbs. To the 
only propper use and Ijelioofc of the said Henry ili'ench and uIl. his heire.s and 
assignees for ever, With a I'rovisoe therein conteined with this further 
lymittacion, power of redempcion and resumeing the said messuage and last 
meucioned premisses To the said William Hodsall and his heires, on payment 
of fower hundred and five pounds therein expressed, and it was covenanted, 
granted, concluded, condisceuded, and fully agreed by and betweene all the 
said parties to the said Deed, for themselves respectively, and for their severall 
and respective heires, that if the said William Hodsall, his heires, executors," 
etc., " should, and did well and truely pay, or caused to be paicd unto the said 
Henry ffrench, his executors, administrators, or assignees the sume of ffower 
hundred and five pounds of lawful! Englishe mony, At or in the then dwelling 
house of the said Henry ilreuch scituate in Wrotham aforesaid in manner 
foUoweing, that is to say, one and twenty pounds parcell thereof on the ffouerth 
day of May which was in the yeare of our Lord God one thousand six hundred 
forty and eight ; other one and twenty pounds parcell thereof on the ffouerth 
day of May which was in the yeare of our Lord one thousand six hundred forty 
and nyne ; other one and twenty pounds thereof on the ffouerth day of May which 
was in the yeare of our Lord God one thousand six hundred and fifty ; other one 
and twenty pounds parcell thereof on the fouerth day of May which was in the 
yeare of our Lord God one thousand six hundred fifty and one ; and three hundred 
twenty and one pounds, residue thereof, uppon the fouerth day of May which was 
in the yeare of our Lord God one thousand six hundred fifty and two, without 
fraude or covyn. That then and from thenceforth the uses before therein lymitted 
to the said Henry ffrench, his heires and assignees," etc., '' should cease and 
determine," etc. ,^' But if default should happen to [be] made in the payment of the 
said fouer hundred and five pounds or any parte or parcell thereof according to the 
respective times and place before lymitted, 'That then the said last meucioned 
Deed and all farther assurances therein to be had, made, or executed, of, for, 
or concerning the said messuage," etc., " should be and enure to the only 
propper use and behoofe of the said Henry ffrench," etc., " with a covenant 
therein to leavy a fyue, and another covenant therein that the said William 
Hodsall and his heires should and might have, receive, and take the rents, 
yssues and proffitts of the said messuage," etc., '■ untilldefaulte should be made 
of or in the payment of the mony meucioned in the Trovisoe aforesaid, or some 
part thereof, and noe longer," etc., '' and theis defendants say that they doe 
beleive that a fyue was sued forth iu exeeucion of the said Deed. All which 
said meucioned Deeds and Conveyances this defenda/ite Anne ftVench hath in 
her hands and custody, which she keepeth for defence of her tytle,'' etc., 
" Which said premisses soe sailed uppon the said Henry ffrench are not worth 
twenty pounds by the yeare above all chardges and reprizes, neither can they 
let the same at that rate, And therefore doe deny that the same is worth forty 
pounds by the yeare as is surmised. And theis defendants doe further say that 
according to the Agreement the said William Hodsall ditl enjoy the protiitts of 
the i^remisses soe setled on the said Henry tt'rench for security of the said three 
hundred pounds as aforesaid for the space of two yeares, and never made 
payment of the said one and twenty pounds by the yeare according to the 
Provisoe in the said Deed, whereby the lands became forfeited unto the said 
Henry ft'rench, and the said William Hodsall became truely indebted unto the 
said Henry ffrench iu the full sume of three hundred ffort.y and two pounds, 
which he the said Henry much pressed to have paied him in, as this defendante 
Anne hath often heard him say. And for asmuch as that the said William 
Hodsall much about the same time dyed, and that there was noe freinds which 
the widdowe could gaine to redeeme the same, and in respect that the houses and 
buildings much fell to decay, and were a great parte thereof readdy to dropp 
downe, the said Henry ffrench was forced to enter into the saitl messuage and 



RELA.TING TO THE FAMILY OF HODSOLL. 233 

premisses, and after he had recovered the possession thereof, he did, as they 
have heard, proffer the same to severall teunants and [n]one vpould medle 
therewith, or give him above sixteene pounds per annum for the same unlesse 
he would first put the same in repaire. to his greate damage, in respect 
whereof he was forced to fall to repaireing of the same houses and m[al]t- 

howses being tlieu very and fallen much to decay in the tymber workc 

and other works," rfr., " And thois defendants doe denie y' the said Henry 
ffrench. to their knowledges, in his life time did fell downe anie tymber which 
grew on the premisses." -'And theis defendants further say, that the said 
Henry, being so seized as aforesaid, about July in the yeare of our Lord one 
thousand six hundred tifty and two he made his Will in writeing, and thereby 
he gave [the] said mortgaged messuage, lauds and premisses to this dcfendantc 
Anne for and during the terme of her widowehood. And after her decease or 
marriage he gave the same unto this other defendante ffrancis ft'rench for ever ; 
and shortly after he dyed soe seized as aforesaid ; after whose decease this 
defendante Anne entred into the said messuage, lands and premisses, and hath 
ever since enjoyed the same, and hath received the rents and proffitts thereof " 
etc. 

Sivorn 18 June, 1657. 

(A true copy by me, James Greenstreet, this 30th of October, 1879.) 



RETXAEDsoif Bills and Answers before 1714, No. 43. 

Michaelmas and Hilary 1669, Hodsoll versus Mandt. 

{Bill of Conqtlaint.) 

'• 4 die Novembris 1669. To the Right Hon''''' S'' Orlando Bridgmau, Knight 
and Barronet, Lord Keeper of the Greate Scale. 
" In most humble manner complayneing. Doe shewe vnto your Honor your daily 
Orators flErancis Hodsall, of Ightham, in the County of Kent, yeoman, and Max- 
feild Hodsall, of Shippborne. in the County aforesaid, yeoman, that whereas 
Gyles Mandy. late of Ightham aforesaid, yeoman, was in his lyfetyme (that is to 
save) aboute the moueth of March in the yeare of our Lord God one thousand 
six hundred sixty and six, as he pretended, lawfully seized in his demeane, as of 
ffee, of and in All that messuage or tenement, with the barnes, stables, outhouses 
and appurtenances therevntobelongeing, comonly called by the name of Splaines 
Greene, scituate, standing, lying and being in the Parish of iHetching in the County 
of Sussex," — " And of and in all those seaven peices or parcells of lauds, meaddowe, 
pasture and woodgrounde, with the appurtenances, ^vith the said messuage or 
tenement vsually held, occupyed or enioyed, comonly called Inholmes Hylesses 
and Stroade Crofts, conteyned togeather eleven acres more or lesse, lyeing and 
being in fflctching aforesaid " — " And of and in all those three other peices or 
parcells of land, with their appurtenances, comonly called Worgers, conteyning 
by estimation ten acres, in fflctching aforesaid," — "being alltogether of the 
cleare yearely value of twenty pounds or thereaboutes And he the said Gyles 
Mandy, being soe thereof seized, for good and valuable Consideration, by his 
Indenture beareing date the sixth day of March in the said yeare of our Lord God 
one thousand six himdred sixty and six, and by flEyne thercvppon had and levyed, 
Did graunte, bargaine and sell all and siuguler the premisses, with their appur- 
tenances, vnto your said Orator Jlaxfeild Hodsall, and to John Hodsall his 
brother, and their heii'cs, To the only vse and behoofe of your said Orator Max- 
feild, and his brother John, and of their heires and assignes forever, as in and 
by the said Indenture and llyne vppon Record, relation being respectively tliere- 
vnto had, it doth and may appeare. And your said Orators doe ilurther shew 
that there was greate kindnessc bctweene him the said Gyles Mandy and your said 
Orators and the said John Hodsall in rcguarde he the said Gyles was owne 
brother to Jane Hodsall mother of your said Orators and of the said John Hod- 
sall, and therevppon your said Orators did lende diverse considerable snmos of 
mony to him the said Gyles Maundy, to supply his occasions, amounting in the 



234 WILLS AND OTHER llECORDS 

whole to sixtyc pounds, or thereabouts, aud he the said Gyles did iTaithfully 
promise to pay the same vnto your said Orators about May was two yeares last 
past, and att or aboute the moneth of May one thousand six hundred sixty and 
seaven he the said John Hodsall. for good and valuable considerations, by his Deed 
of ffeoffment duely executed, Did graute vnto your said Orator ffrancis, and his 
hcircs, his moycty parte or purpartye of all and singuler the premisses To the 
only vse of your said Orator ffrancis, and of his heires fforever. wherevppon your 
said Orator did both enter into all and singuler the premisses, and for some 
tyme did peaceably and quietly hold and enioy the same as Tennants in Comon, 
and of all right ought still to holde and enioye the same. But nowe soe it is, 
may it please your Honour, the said Giles Mandy being lately dead, Anne 
Mandy, the widdowe and relicte of the said Gyles Mandy, combining and con- 
federating herselfe with Edward Mandy her sonue howe to defeate your said 
Orators not only of all and singuler the said messuage, lands, tenements and 
hereditaments, but alsoe of the said sume of sixty pounds lente to the said Gyles 
3Iandy as aforesaid, haveing possessed themselves of all the Deeds and writeings 
belongeing to the premisses, and of all the Deeds and writeings of him the said 
Gyles Mandy, and of all the goods and chattells of him the said Gyles Mandy, 
they the said Anne Mandy and Edward Mandy have lately entred into all and 
singuler the premisses, and liave made diverse secerett (sic) conveyances of the 
premisses to persons vnknowne to your said Orators, whose names, as discovered, 
your said Orators humbly prayeth may be here inserted, and they made partyes 
to this Bill, And doe give it out in speeches, sometimes that the said Gyles 
Mandy longe time before he sold the premisses to your said Orator Maxfeild and 
to the said John Hodsall, either before or after his marriage with her the said 
Anne Mandy, did settle all or the greatest parte of the premisses vppon her 
the said Anne for her Joyuture, and that by vertiare of such settlement she holdeth 
the premisses ; And at other times that he the said Gyles, by some Conveyance 
duly executed, longe time before your said Orator Maxfeild's tytle did ffirst 
accrewe to any parte of the premisses. Did intaile all or the greatest parte of the 
premisses vppou him the said Edward Mandy his sonne, but that your said Orator 
shall never see howe the same arc settled, doe what he can, or words to the same 
effecte ; And at other times they the said confederates doe give it out in speeches 
that he the said Gyles Mandy did make some Will, and give all or the most 
parte of his personall Estate to them or some one of them, but they the said con- 
federates doe refuse to prove any Will, or to shew any Will to your said Orator, 
or confesse by what tytle they, or any one of them, doe clayme the personall 
Estate of him the said Gyles Mandy ; in tender consideration of the premisses 
and for that your said Orator(s) have noe way to discover." etc. 

The defendants Anne Mandy and Edward Mandy in their Answer, exhibited 
8 Nov. 1669, say that Giles Mandy made his Will on or about 24 July 1668, 
which was duly proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury by said Anne his 
sole executrix. Also that, by his deed Dated 22 Oct. A° 22 Chas. 1, in considera- 
tion of a marriage to be solemnised between him and the said Anne, he enfeoffed 
Thomas Alcock and Thomas Gilham of the properties in question, to be to her 
use after his decease, by way of jointure, for the term of her life. 



EXTEACTS FKOM TAX ROLLS. 

Lay Suhsidies, Kent, No. 124-187, A" 15 Ilcn. VIII. 
Membrane 8 dorse, under " Asslw and Bydlcy" : — 
Thomas Hodsold', in goodes xl s. ; {tax) xij d. 

No. 124-223, Ann. 31-32 Hen. VIII {a record in very fine condition throughout). 

Under " Clicvcnyng '' : — 
John Hodsall'. in moveables xx li. ; whereof due this yere x s. 



RELATING TO THE FAMILY OF HODSOLL. 235 

m>. 125-275, Ann. 34-35 /fen. VIII. 
Uudcr " ChcvcHijnge " : — 
Johannes Hodsall', pro bonis iiij s. ; (tax') iiij d. No Hodsolls at Knuxinrj. 

No. 125-282, Ann. 34-35 Uen. VIII. 
Under " Asshe " : — Thomas Hodsall,' in landes xl s. ; {taa;) iiij d. 
No. 126-393, A" 6 EUzaheth (a record in fine condition throughout). 
No Hodsolls at Kemsing or Chevcnynge. 

No. 12G-424, A<^ 13 Elizuheth. 
Under " Stanstcdc '' : — John Hodsole, in landes v 11. 
No Hodsolls given under " Ightam.'" 

No. 126-425, A" 13 EUzahrth (a record in very fine condition lluoiigliout). 
Under ^^ Ashe cum Ridley"' : — 
William Hodsall, in landes x // ;* (tax) xiij s. iiij d. 

No. 127-522, A" 39 EUzaheth. 
No Hodsalls given under either " Sfanstede" or " Ightam.'' 
No. 127-5()9, A" 7 Jame? I. 
Under " Ightam " : — Thomas Hodsall. la. iiij li. 
No Hodsolls given under " Staiixtcd." 

No. 127-572, .l" 19 Jame.t I. 
Under " i^tansted" : — John Hodsoll, la. xLs-. 
Under " Ightam" : — Thomas Hodsoll, la. iij li. 



EXTRACTS FROM PARISH REGISTERS. 

Parish Registers op Ash-by-Wrotham, Kent. 
Copies of the Registers of Baptisms of the IlodsoU family at Ash. 
William, the son of William Hodsoll, was bap. 27 July, 1588. 
Margaret, the daughter of William Hodsoll, was bap. 26 Julye, 1590. 
John, son of William Hodsoll, bap. 9 April, 1592. 
Ann, the daughter of William Hodsoll, was bap. 30 May, 1592. 
Henry, sou of William Hodsoll, was bap. on the 1st of November. 1596. 
Heleuor(/), daughter of William Hodsoll, baj). 20 November, 1598. 
William, sonue of M' William Hodsoll, was bap. 25 November, 1G17. 
Elizabeth, daughter of M'' William Hodsoll, bap. 24 October, 1619. 
John, son of M'' William Hodsoll. was bap. 31 March, 1622. 
EUeuor, daughter of M' William Hodsoll, bap. 9 September, 1630. 
Jane, daughter of M'' William Hodsoll, bap. 25 April, 1633. 
William, son of M'' William & Elizabeth Hodsoll, bap. 9 January. 1642. 

On the dorse : — 
Copies of the Registers of Marriages in the Hodsoll family at Ash. 

William Pocock (?) & Elizabeth Hodsoll married y« (no date, but between 1578 

and 1580). 
John Miller & Anne Hodsoll married 14 February, 1613. 
Anthony (/) King & Ellen Hodsoll married 30 October, 1626. 

Copies of Burials of the Hodsoll family at Ash. 
Thomas Hodsoll buried 17 August, 1553. 

* The highest assessment in the parish. 



236 WILLS AND OTUER IIECOIIDS 

Williiim IIoilsoll buried y" xxix day of December, 1586. 

M'' William liodsoU was buried "> October, HilC). 

M" Hester Hodsoll was buried 14 February, l<i23. 

M" EUenor HodsoU, widdowe, was buried 2!) July, 1631. 

Paruell (?). the wife of Mr. Hennery Hodsoll, was buried 5 May, 1655. 

Written under the ]5ai)tisms :— " I certify that the above, as well as the 
entries on the other side, are true and correct copies from the ancient Register 
Book of Baptisms, Marriages, and Burials of the Parish of Ash, Kent. 

(Signed) " R. Salwey'' [the Rector]. 

Parish Registers of Hadlow, Kent. 

1707, Tho% son of Henry Hadsel, bap. 25 June. 

1708, John Hadsells, son of Henry, bap. 9 Nov. 
1711, Ruben, son of Henry Hadsoul, bap. 1 Jan. 
1714, Tho% son of Henry Hadsal, bap. 5 May. 
1783, John, son of Henry Hadsol, bap. 11 Sep. 
1739, John, son of Henry Hodsol, bap. 10 Sep. 
1741, Tho^ son of Henry Hadsel, bap. 30 March. 

1743, Mary, dau. of Henry Hadsel, bap. 8 July. 

1744, Henry, son of Henry Hadsel, bap. 27 Aug. 
1747, William, son of Henry Hadsel, bap. 8 Jan. 
1751, Tho', son of Henry Hadsel, bap. 27 Dec. 
1730, Tlio", son of Henry Hadsell, buried 9 Nov. 

1733, Margaret, wife of Heury Hadsol jun'^, buried 21 Sep. 

,, John, son of Henry Hadsol jun', buried 21 Sep. 
1739, Elizabeth Hadsol buried 9 Oct. 
1741, Ann Hadsol buried 30 May. 
1747, Henry Hadsoll buried 1 Oct. 

Parish Registers of Ightham, Kent. 
(^Extracted, and communiccitcd, hy Chas. Ma.vfield Ilodwll^ Es(i!) 

1602, John, son of Tho'* Hodsoll, bap. 29 day of June. 

1604, Anne, dau. of Tho' Hodsoll, gent., bap. 25 day of March. 

1605, Thomas, son of Tho'* Hodsoll, gent., bap. 2 March. 
1607, Henry, son of Tbo* Hodsoll. gent., bap. 14 day of Feb. 
1609, William, son of Tho'* Hodsoll, gent., bap. 26 day of March. 
1611, Stephen, son of Tho^ Hodsoll, gent., bap. 26 day of March. 
1()12, Heury, son of Tho** Hodsoll. gent., bap. the 13 day of July. 
1614, Elizabeth, dau. of Tho^ Hodsoll, gent., bap. 19 day of Feb. 
1621, Sarah Hodsoll married John Greenhcad 12 Feb. 

1624, John, sou of Tho^ Hodsoll, gent., buried 1 Jan. 
1662, Maundy Hodsoll married Elizabeth Taylor 4 Dec. 

1664, or 3. Tho^ son of William Hodsoll, born 11 Jan., bap. 26 Jan. 

1665, Tho' Hodsoll buried 4 April. 

1666, Francis, son of Willi,-un & Martha Hodooll, born 27 Feb. 

1672, Jane Hodsoll buried May 1. 
„ Jane Hodsoll buried Oct. 9. 

1673, Henry, son of Henry & JIaria Hodsoll, bom 27 Oct., bap. 1 Nov. 
1676, fEear God fJiuch, alias Hodsoll, sepulta 6 Feb. 

1632, William, son of William HodsoU, gent., bap. April 2. 

1633, Tho^ son of William Hodsoll, bap." 20 March. 
1631, Tho* Hodsoll, householder, buried 17 May, 

1636, Maundye, sou of W"' & Jane Hodsoll, bap. 18 July. 

1646, Musgraue [above this is written : "alias Maxfield"'], fil' William Hadsoll 
& vx. Jane, bap. Mar. 21. 

1700, June 12, Henry Hodsoll buried. 

1701, July 23, Mary, dau. of John & Eliz. Hodsoll, bap. 



RELATING TO THE FAMILY OF HODSOLL. 237 

(From 1705 to 1710 there are no entries of any kind, and only huri/ds from 1710 
to 1724.) 

1711, Sep. 28. William Hodsall. of Plaxtoll, buried. 

1712, Sep. 20, Maxfield Hodsall buried. 
,, Mar. 2, Elizabeth Hodsall buried. 

1715, May 4, Jane Hodsall buried. 
1718, Sep. 12, Mary Hodsall buried. 

1720, Oct. 14. Mary Hodsall 1)uried. 

1721, Nov. 10. Mandy Hodsall buried. 

1728, May 15, Mary Hodsoll, of Plaxtol, widow, buried. 

1729, June 17. Francis Hodsoll buried. 

1735. Nov. 7, Maxfield Hadsoll, of Plaxtol. l)uried. 

1736, Jan. 11, Edmund Hodsoll. of Plaxtol, buried. 

1741, Dec. 21, William Hodsoll, of Plaxtol, buried. 

1742. June 13, John Hodsoll buried. 

1745, Sep. 13, Urban Hodsoll buried in linnen ; penalty paid Nov. 12. 

1746, Jan. 22, Elizabeth Hodsoll, widow, buried. 

1754, Nov. 9, Maxtield Hodsoll buried in linneu. 

1755, Feb. 22. M'^ Hodsoll, widow, buried. 
1767, Aug. 6, William Hodsel buried. 

Parish Registers of Plaxtol,* by Wroth am, Kent. 

1650, July 3, Anne, the wife of Thomas Hadsell, was buried. 

1652, Oct. 16. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Hadsell, was buried. 

1653, Jan. 6, Thomas Hadsell & Anne Monke were married. 

„ Dec. 27, Winnifred, the daughter of Thomas Hadsell, was baptized. 

1699, Oct. 15, Martha, y« child of Will : & Mary Hadsoll, baptized. 

1700, Nov. 22, Thomas Hadsoll. widdower, buryed. 

1700-1, Jan. 23, Thomas Hadsoll & Ohatherine Baldwin was marry 'd. 

1701-2. Mary, daughter of Tho^ & Katheriue Hadsoll, baptiz'd Aug. 10. 

1704, May 15, Mary Hadsoll bury'd. 

1706, Jan. (.') 1(3, Thomas, son of Thomas & Katherine Hadsoll, baptiz'd. 

1711, Jan. 30, John, son of Thomas & Katherine Hodsell, baptiz'd. 

Jan. 15, 1716-7, Kathrine, daughter of Tho^ & Kathrine Hodsell, baptized. 

Mar. 5, 1718-9. Maxfield. son of Maxfield & Isabella Hodsell, baptized. 

Mar. 19, 1 720, Edmund, sou of Maxfield & Isabella Hodsell, was baptized. 

Feb. 26, 1722. one Will. Hodsell, together with other inhabitants of Plaxtoll, 
appears to have subscribed his assent to the request of certain Parish- 
ioners "that they may have leave to dig and build a burying vault 
in the Chapell of Plaxtoll " &c. 

Oct. 8, 1723, Orbine. son of Maxfield & Isabel Hodsell, baptized. 

Sep. 16, 1729, Tho. Hodsell, buried ; the Affid. from M"" Leigh. 

1740, May 30. Ann, daughter of Paibeu & Ann Hadsell, baptized. 

1741, Jan. 8, Cathrine, wife of Tho* Hodsell, buried; the Affidavit from M' 

flfrancis. Curate of Shibourn. 

Parish Registers of Shipbourn, Kent. 

1667, Henry Hodsell & Mary Wood, of Scale, married, by licence from Tun- 

bridge, 26 Nov. 

1668, John, son of Henry Hodsoll of Fairlawn, bap. 7 Sep. 
1671, William, son of Henry Hodsoll, bap. 16 April. 
1673, Henry, son of Henry Hadsell, bap. 1 Nov. 

1680, John Collins & Winyfrite Hadsall married 1 Jan. 
1684. Tho% son of Henry & Mary Hodsall, bap. 31 Dec. 
1700, John Hodsoll & Elizabeth Jeflerys married 27 Oct.f 

* The Rev. Mr. Tait, in his letter to J. H. Hodsoll, Esq., dated 2 Feb., 1878, 
says the search was made from 1648 (their earliest date) to 1760. 

f On reference to the Rev. A. P. Wbarton, he confirmed the accuracy of 
this entry by letter.— J. G., 8 March, 1878. 



238 WILLS AND OTHER RECORDS 

1701, William, son of Henry & Eliz. Hodsoll. bap. & bnricd 4 Oct. 

1702, Klizabeth, dan. of Henry & Eliz. lladsoll, bap. BO Dec. 
170:}. Mary. dau. of Henry & Eliz. Hadsoll, bap. 22 Dec. 
170."). Henry, so:i of Henry & Eliz. Had.soll, bap. 3 July. 
1707, Tlio»,* son of Henry Hadsol, of Hadlow, buried 25 Oct. 
1719, John Hadscll buried 27 Sep. 

Paeish Registers of Weotham, Kent. 

1572, Alice Hodsoll married John Skinner May 18. 

l.')78, Sibell Hodsoll married Tho» Borman Feb. 20. 

ICOd, Hodsoll— Mother— buried Sep. 8. 

KHl, Hodsoll— Marg'— dau. of Tho% bap. 30 Jan. 

1040, Hodsou (sic) — Thomas — married Ann Moysc 2 Feb. 

I(i7r). Hodsall— bap. Jane, dau. of Maxfield, Sep. 10 & Nov. 21 {Ihorn Sep. 10). 

1674, W'" Hodsoll, at Plaxtol, married Jane Woodgate Oct. 29. 

1744, August 12, Henry, the sou of Reuben Hodsoll & Mary his wife, was 
baptised. 

12 Juue 1764 — Be it known to All whom it may concern, that upon looking 
back to the Entry of the Baptism of Ann Hodsoll as it is written in 
this Book on the 2""' Day of October 1745, we whose names are here- 
under written, have found a mistake made in the christian name of 
the mother of the said Ann Hodsol, and do therefore testify from our 
personal knowledge of the Family of the said Ann Hodsoll that the 
christian name of the mother of the said Ann Hodsol, who is now 
living at Wrotham and is the widow of Tho^ Hodsol, is not Jane, as is 
there entered by mistake, but Barbara, and that the entry sh** have 
been in this Form : Oct. 2, 1745, Ann, the daughter of Tho' Hodsoll 
and of Barbara his wife, was baptized ; and that the said Barbara 
Hodsol is the mother also of Sarah Hodsol, whose Baptism was 
afterwards rightly entered on the 26th of July 1747. 

John Potter, Rector and Vicar of Wrotham. 
Tho^ Barnett, Curate of Wrotham. 
Tho' Fulljames, Churchwarden. 

1756, March 21, Isaac, son of Reuben Hodsoll & Mary his wife, was baptised. 
1784, March 14, Henry, son of Ann & Henry Hodsoll baptised. 
1786, April 23, William, son of Henry Hodsoll & Ann his wife, baptised. 
1788, June 1, Thomas, son of Henry Hodsoll & Ann his wife, baptised. 

„ Nov. 9, James, son of Maxfield Hodsoll & Sarah his wife, baptised. 
1814. Baptisms, April 18, born May 13, 1813, James Hacket, son — parents' 
names, James & Caroline Hodsoll. 



ABSTEACTS OF KENT FINAL CONCOEDS. 

Easter 20 Jas. I. — Between John Hodsoll, gent., jilaintif, and Thomas Hod- 
sol, gent., and Dorothy his wife deforciant a, of 20 acr. land and 2 acr. wood, 
with appurts., in Stansted. The r^</A?. receive £41. 

Easter 7 Chas. I. — Betw. William Hodsoll, gent., i)lt., and John Hodsoll and 
Sarah his wife dcfts., in respect of property in Stansted. The defts. receive 
£100. 

Hilary 22 and 23 Chas. II. — Edmund Hodsoll and Elizabeth his wife defts., 
in respect of property in Kingsdowue, Ash-next-Ridley and St. Mary Cray. 
They receive £120. 

Hilary 29 and 30 Chas. II. — Betw. Robert Saunders junior, gent., pit., and 
John Hodsoll, gent., and Mary his wife, and Edmund Hodsoll,"gent., d(fts., of 

* See " ThoS son of Henry Hadsel, bap. 25 June 1707," in Hadlow Parish 
Register. 



RELATING TO THE FAMILY OF UODSOLL. 239 

the Manor of South Ashe, with appurts., and 2 messuages, 4 barns, 2 stables, 2 
gardens, 2 orchards, 300 acr. land, 2-1 acr. meadow, 50 acr. pasture, 50 acr. 
wood, and 38.s\ rent, with appurts., in Ashe, Stansted, Kemsing, and Scale. The 
defts. receive £500. 

Michaelmas i Wm. and Mary. — Betw. Henry HodsoU pit., and Francis 
Hodsoll and Katheiine his wife clefts., of 1 barn and 8 acr. land, with appurts., 
in Igtham. The difta. receive £60. 

Easter 8 Wm. III. — Betw. Frances Cart, widow, pU., and Robert Hodsoll 
and Sara his wife (lefts., in respect of property in Sittingborne and Milton alias 
Middleton. The (lefts, receive £100. 

Trinity 13 Wm. III. — Betw. Israel Spencer 77?^., and Jeremiah Hodsoll deft., 
in respect of property in the parishes of Murstou and Newington-next- Sitting- 
borne. The (left, receives £100, 

Easter 2 Anne. — Ambrose Browne, esq., and Hester Hodsoll, widow, defts., 
in respect of property in Brenchley, Marden, Maidstone, and Tonbridge. They 
receive £100. 

Easter 3 Anne. — Betw. William Thisleton 2>lt-i ^^^ Henry Hodsoll and Eli- 
zabeth his wife defts., in respect of property in Darcnth and Stone-next- Dartford. 
The (Ufts. receive £00. 

Michaelmas 5 Anne. — Betw. Max vile Hodsoll junior, William Crittall, and 
John Athefold, 2)lts.. and Maxvile Hodsoll senior and Mary his wife, George 
Crittall and Ellen his wife, and William Athefold and Bridget his wife, (lefts., 
in respect of property in Shipborne, Eidley, Sundrish, and Deale. The defts. 
receive £100. 

Easter 10 Anne. — Betw. William Furner, gent., pit., and Maxfeild Hodsoll 
and Mary his wife (lefts., of 1 mess.. 1 barn, 1 stable, 2 gardens, 1 orchard, 2 acr. 
land, 5 acr. meadow, and 2 acr. pasture, with appurts., in Plaxtool, in the parish 
of Wrotham. The defts. receive £60. 

Trinity 11 Anne. — Betw. Ann Dubois, widow, pit., and John-Boucher Hodsoll, 
gent., deft., of 2 mess., 2 barns, 1 stable, 2 gardens, 2 orchards, 40 acr. laud, 3 
acr. meadow, 6 acr. pasture, 4 acr. wood, and common of pasture for all manner 
of beasts, with appurts., in the parishes of East Farleigh and Loose. The deft. 
receives £100. 

Easter 5 Geo. I. — Betw. Thomas Hodsoll and Thomas Rogers ^^Z^s., and Max- 
feild Hodsoll and Isabella his wife, John Reeve and Mary his wife, and George 
Reeve, defts., in respect of property in Addington, Eyarsh, and Meopham. 
The defts. receive £60. 

Easter 13 Geo. I. — Betw. John Cox, gent., 2'lt- ^"^^ Thomas Hodsoll and 
Sarah his wife d(fts., in respect of property in Ash-next- Ridley, and Fawkham. 
The defts. receive £60. 

Trinity 3 and 4 Geo. II. — John Hodsoll and Elizabeth his \^^fe, Thomas 
Piper and Sarah his wife, John Morris and Mary his wife, and Reginald Crast 
and Elizabeth, his wife, defts., in respect of property in Ightam, Otford. Seven- 
oake, and Wrotham. They receive £200. 

Michaelmas 6 Geo. III. — Betw. John Taylor, gent., j-jiZ^., and Thomas Hodsoll 
and Mai-y his wife defts., in respect of property in Ash-next-Ridley and Fawk- 
ham. The defts. receive £60. 

Michaelmas 10 Geo. HI. — Betw. William Hodsoll, gent., 7;^^., and Barbara 
Hodsoll, widow, Edward Brownson and Rebecca his wife, William Stevenson 
and Ann his wife, and Sarah Hodsoll, spinster, d(fts., of a moiety of the Manor 
of South Ash, with the appurts., and of a moiety of 4 mess., 8 barns, 8 stables, 
8 gardens, 4 orchards, 370 acr. land, 10 acr. meadow, 20 acr. pasture, and 55 
acr. wood, also common of pasture for all cattle, with the appurts., in Ash-next- 
Ridley, Kingsdown, Stansted, Wrotham. and Kemsing. The d(fts. receive 
£320. 

Trinity 18 Geo. III. — Betw. Thomas Hodsoll ^^Zf., and James Hodsoll and 
Ann his wife (lefts., of a moiety of 4 acr. laud, 4 acr. meadow, 5 acr. pasture, 
and 2 acr. wood, also of common of pasture for all manner of cattle, with the 
appurts., in Sevenoaks and Chevening. The defts. receive £60. 



2i0 WILLS AND OTHER RECORDS. 
MISCELLANEA. 

Imcription on (irdrcstone -in Iladlow churchyard, coinmvnicdfid in me 31 
May, 187(5, hy J. H. Hodnoll, Esq., of Loo.w Court. 

" Here lieth the body of Keuben Hodsoll, of the parish of Wrolham, who 
departed this life 30 Dec'' 1791, aged 80 years ; 

•■Also of Ami his wife. dauj,4itcr of Hob' & Ann Barr of this parish, who 
departed this life May 27, 1741, in the 25"' year of her age, leaving one daughter, 
Ann." 



In Wrofhatn churchyard are inscriptions to '• Mary, wife of Reuben Hod- 
soll, died 29"' Jany 1783. aged 67 years ; " and to "Maxfield Hodsoll, born 11"' 
Jany 175-1, died 2P' July 1837.'' 



In lyhtham churchyard {Feb. 1878). — A tomb with the Hodsoll coat of 
arms upon it, and thus much of the inscription just decipherable : " Maxfield 
Hodsoll, aged -19 ; left issue 3 sous, Maxfield, Edmund, k. Urbane ; M'" Isabell 
Hodsoll, wife of Maxfield, died 1755, aged 62." Also, on one side this inscrip- 
tion : " Here lies the body of Edmund, second son of Maxfield Hodsoll ; " and, 
on the other side, this : " Here also lieth the body of Urbane Hodsoll." 



Copied from, fly-leaf of a ionk (? Family Bible) in the possession (as I am 
informed) of Mr. Edwin Watson, 2>nnoi])al water-bailiff of Rochester. 

Ann Hodsoll, daughter of .Tno. Hodsoll & Martha Hodsoll his wife, was born 

Dec. 29, 1780, on Sunday. 
John Hodsoll, son of Jno. & Martha Hodsoll, was born June 6, 1785. He 

departed this life Feb. 15. 1788. 
Henry Hodsoll, son of Jno. & Martha Hodsoll, was born March 30, 1787. He 

departed this life May 9. 1787. 
Mary Hodsoll, daughter of Jno. & Martha Hodsoll, was born on Good Friday, 

March 21, 1788. 
Elizabeth Hodsoll, daughter of Jno. & Martha Hodsoll, was born May 22, 1790, 

on Saturday. 
John Hodsoll, son of John & Martha Hodsoll, was born June 11, 1792, on 

Monday. 
M.H.H.N. died June 27, 1837. [I don't know what this last entry means — 

J.G.] 



De Banco Boll, Easter Term, 19 Edw. Ill, membrane 107 rt'w/w,— Kent, To 
wit, " Oto de Grandissono," by his Attorney, versus Eoger, son of Clement de 
Hodesole, and Thomas brother of the said Roger, respecting fee of said Otho at 
Esshe next fEaukham. (See Lay Subsidy Bolls, Kent J\'° 123-14, A" 12 Edw. Ill, 
membrane 21, Hundred of " Alkestaue." — " Thome de Hodsole, iiij s. ; Clem, de 
Hodesole, viij s.'") 



Close Boll, A" 1 Hen. IV,2)(irt 1, membrane 15 dorso. — 19 Feb., Peter Pound, 
citizen and coppersmith, of London, summoned to answer to John Odeshole 
executor of the Testament of John Chipstede, of Sele, and to William Champe- 
neys and Joan his wife, co-executrix with the aforesaid John Odeshole of the 
Testament aforesaid. 



KENT EINES, EDWARD II.* 

523. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 10— Betw. Alex- 
ander Cokyn, of Canterbury, pit., and Henry de Cliilleliam and 
Johanna his wife defts., of a rent of 9 quarters of barley, with 
appurts., in Canterbury and the suburbs of said City. Henry and 
Johanna admit it to be the Right of Alexander; and, for themselves 
and the heirs of Johanna, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 
20 marks for the concession. 

524. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 10— Betw. Con- 
stance atte Sole ph., and John de Boxle and Agnes his wife defts., 
of 1 pool, and 1 rood of mead., with appurts., in Maydenestane. 
John and Agues admit it to be the Right of Constance ; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Agnes, grant to her and to her heirs, 
and receive 100*. for the concession. 

525. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A° 10— Betw. Tho- 
mas, son of Jordan le fEeure, pit., and Jordan le iFeure deft., of 1 
mess., 26 acr. land, and 8 acr. wood, with appurts., in Breynchesle. 
Jordan admits it to be the Right of Thomas ; and, for himself and 
his heirs, grants to him and to his heirs, and receives 20 marks for 
the concession. 

526. At Westminster, Morrow of the Purification of B. Virgin 
A" 10 — Betw. Agnes, dau. of Simon le Wealdissh', pit., and John 
Deyuile and Leticia his wife defts., of 1 mess., with appurts., in 
the suburbs of Canterbury. John and Leticia admit it to be the 
Right of Agnes ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Leticia, grant 
to her and to her heirs, and receive 10 marks for the concession. 

527. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A^ 10— Betw. 
Matilda, dau. of Robert de Ry, pit., and Robert de Ry, of Stokebery, 
deft., of 2 mess., and 9^ acr. land, with appurts., in Stokebery. Right 
of Matilda, who, for the admission, grants to Robert for his life, by 
service of a rose at Nativity of St. John Baptist. After his death 
to revert to Matilda and to her heirs, quit of the heirs of Robert. 

528. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 10— Betw. John 
de Chaidane and Agatha his wife pits., and John de Childemelle, 
senior, and Johanna his wife defts., of 1 mess., 33 acr. land, 2^d. 
rent, rent of 1 bushel of barley, and a moiety of 1 mess., with 
appurts., in Patrikkesburne. Right of Johanna; for which admis- 
sion John de Childemelle and Johanna grant (by service of a rose 
at Nativity of St. John Baptist) to John de Chaidane and Agatha 
and to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then after their deaths to 

* Contiuued from Vol. XIII., p. 320. 
TOL. XIV. U 



242 KENT FINES, 10 EDWARD II. 

revert to John de Childemelle and Johanna and to the heirs of Jo- 
hanna, quit of other heirs of John de Chaldane and Agatha. 

529. At Westminster, Octave of St. Martin A° 10— Betw. 
Clement le Chaundeler, of Eochester, and Isabella h\a -wHg pits., 
and John Peuerel, of Eyllesford, and Auicia his wife defls., of 3 
shops, and 1 toft, with appurts., except 18 feet of land in length 
and 12 feet of land in breadth, in Rochester. John and Auicia 
admit it to be the Eight of Clement ; and, for themselves and the 
heirs of Auicia, grant to Clement and Isabella and to the heirs of 
Clement, and receive 10 marks for the concession. 

530. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 10 — Betw. 
John Belamy j?Z#., and Peter Belamy deft., of 1 mess., 100 acr. land, 
and 6 acr. wood, with appurts., in Edelmesbrigg'. Peter admits it 
to be the Eight of John ; and, for himself and his heirs, grants to 
him and to his heirs, and receives 100?. for the concession. 

531. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A" 10— Betw. John 
de Hertlepeshelle and Agnes his wife^/fo., and Eoger, Vicar of the 
Church of Borden', deft., of 3 mess., 6 acr. land, and 1 rood of 
wood, with appurts., in ISTewenton'. Eight of Eoger, who, for the 
admission, grants to John and Agnes and to the heirs of Agnes. 

532. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A° 10— Betw. 
William le Eeuere, of Estmallyng, 'plt., and John Caremer, of 
Eylesford', and Lucia his wife defts., of 1 mess., 35 acr. land, 30 acr. 
wood, and 3s. Qd. rent, with appurts., in Pepingebery and Teudele. 
John and Lucia admit it to be the Eight of William ; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Lncia, grant to him and to his heirs, and 
receive 20Z. for the concession. 

533. At Westminster, St. Michael in three weeks A° 10 — Betw. 
Eobert le Doust^?^., and Eichard le Bret and Alice his wife defts., 
of 1 mess., 5 acr. land, and a moiety of 1 acr. of pasture, with 
appurts., in Badelesmere and Molesse. Eichard and Alice admit it 
to be the Eight of Eobert ; and, for themselves and the heirs of 
Alice, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 10 marks for the 
concession. 

534. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 10 — Betw. 
William Martyn, of luecherche, ^Z^., and William Hamon, of Newe- 
cherche, and Agues his wife defts., of 1 mess., and 3^ acr. land, 
with appurts., in the Vill of luecherche. William H. and Agnes 
admit it to be the Eight of William M. ; and, for themselves and 
the heirs of Agnes, grant to him and to his heirs, aud receive 10 
marks for the concession. 



KENT FINES, 10 EDWARD II. 243 

535. At Westminster, Octave o£ St. Michael A^ 10— Betw. 
William de Dane and Johanna his wife (by Nicholas Kempe in 
place o£ Johanna) pits., and John, son of Adam del Pette, and 
Aliariora his wife, and Adam, sou of John le Coliere, and Elena his 
wife, defts., of 1 mess., and 3 acr. land, with appurts., in Bakchild'. 
The deforciants admit it to be the Eight of William ; and, for them- 
selves and the heirs of Alianora and Elena, grant to William and Jo- 
hanna and to the heirs of William, and receive 100s. for the concession. 

536. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 10 — Betw. 
Edmund Cok and Isabella his wife ^/^s., and William de Cloppehom 
deft., of 1 mess., 17 acr. land, 2 acr. mead., and 3 acr. wood, with 
appurts., in Lenham. Eight of William, who, for the admission, 
grants to Edmund and Isabella and to his heirs by her ; but if none, 
then after their deaths to remain to the right heirs of Edmund. 

537. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A" 10— Betw. 
John le Breton', of Maydenestane, pit., and William Sywate, of 
Bradested', and Michael Colyn, of Maydenestane, defts., of 1 mess., 
200 acr. laud, 50 acr. pasture, 32 acr. wood, and 43s. rent, Avith 
appurts., in Bradestede, and Heure. William and Michael admit 
it to be the Right of John ; and, for themselves and the heirs of 
William, grant to him and to his heirs. For which concession John, 
for himself and his heirs, grants to William an annuity of 10 marks 
for his life, with liberty to distrain should the same be at any time in 
arrear. After the death of AYilliam, John and his heirs to be quit 
of the payment of said annuity. 

538. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A° 10— Betw. 
Simon atte Noke and Alice his wife (by Henry Sturreye in place of 
AMce) pits., and Roger, Yicar of the Church of Bordeune, deft., of 
4 mess., 4 gardens, 76 acr. land, 4 acr. mead., 6 acr. wood, and rent 
of 23 quarters of barley, with appurts., in Newentou' next Siding- 
burn'. Eight of Eoger, who, for the admission, grants to Simon 
and Alice and to his heirs by herj but if none, then after their 
deaths to remain to the right heirs of Simon. 

539. At Westminster, Quinzaine of St. Michael A° 10 — Betw. 
William de Tytynden' and Margeria his wife (by Eichard de 
Chelesfeld' in place of Margeria) pits., and Salomon de Bokelond', 
of Staple, and Cecilia his wife defts., of 1 mess., and 14^ acr. land, 
with appurts., in Merton', Northbourn', and Waldwarshare. Salo- 
mon and Cecilia admit it to be the Eight of William ; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Cecilia, grant to William and Margeria 
and to the heirs of William, and receive 20 marks for the concession. 

B 2 



241 KENT riNES, 10 EDWARD II. 

540. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A" 10— Betw. 
John de Hcrtlepeshell' and Agnes his wife pits., and Eoger, Vicar 
of the Church of Bordcnne, deft., of 1 mess., and 20 acr. land, with 
appurts., in Ilertlepc, Xewentou', and Vpchirche. Eight of Roger, 
who, for the admission, grants to John and Agnes and to the heirs 
of John. 

541. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A'' 10— Betw. 
Thomas Perot pit., and Thomas Schriukling' and Matilda his wife 
defts., of 12 acr. land, 2 acr. wood, and 5s. rent, Avith appurts., in 
Estrye and Nonyngton'. Thomas S. and Matilda admit it to be the 
Eight of Thomas P. ; and, for tliemselves and the heirs of Thomas, 
grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 20 marks for the concession. 

542. At Westminster, St. Michael in one mouth A^ 10 — Betw. 
Eanulph Miles, of London, ^;/^., and John Heued', of Oreeuwich, 
and Alice his wife defts., of 2 acr. land, with appurts., in Green- 
wich (" Grenewyco"). John and Alice admit it to be the Eight of 
Eanulph ; and, for themselves and the heirs of John, grant to him 
and to his heirs, and receive 60s. for the concession. 

543. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A° 10— Betw. John 
de Aldelose and Matilda his wife, and John son of Godfrey Aleyn, 
pits., and Edmund de Passeleye deft., of 7 marTcs rent, with 
aj^purts., in Bilsinton'. Eight of Edmund, who, for the admission, 
grants to the deforciants during the lives of Matilda and John son 
of Godfrey, by service of a rose at Nativity of St. John Baptist. 
After the deaths of Matilda and John sou of Godfrey, to revert to 
Edmund and to his heirs, quit of the heirs of Matilda and John son 
of Godfrey. 

Endorsed : — " Godfrey Aleyn asserts his claim." 

544. At Westminster, Morrow of St. John Baptist A° 10— 
Betw. William Gylemyn, of Canterbury, pit., and Thomas, sou of 
Stephen Hauekyn, and Johanna his wife defts., of 1 mess., with 
appurts., in Canterbury. Thomas and Johanna admit it to be the 
Eight of William ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Thomas, 
grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 100s. for the concession. 

545. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A^ 10— Betw. Wil- 
liam de Welles, of Sandwich, ^?A, and William de Grofherst and 
Johauua his wife defts., of 12 acr. land, and a moiety of 1 mess., 
with appurts., in Wodenesbergh' and Estri. Eight of William de G. ; 
for which admission William de G. and Johanna, for themselves 
and the heirs of William, grant to William de W. and to his heirs. 

546. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A" 11— Betw. 



KENT FINES, 11 EDWAUD II. 245 

Master Edmund dc Newenton' 'plt., and John, son of Thomas 
Digge, of Berliam, deft., of 3 mess., 28 acr. [ ? land], 4 acr. past., 
13 acr. wood, 31s. Q\d. rent, and rent of 5 quarters of barley, 1 
quarter of oats, 2 cocks, 22 hens and 25 eggs, with appurts., in 
Bobbyng', Iwede, and Newenton' next M[iddel]ton'. Eight 
of John, who, for the admission, grants to Master Edmund 
for his life, by service of a rose at Nativity of St. John Baptist. 
After his death to revert to John and to his heirs, quit of the heirs 
of Master Edmund. 

547. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A" 11— Betw. 
Semannus de Stone pit., and John Hungekyn, of Herietsham, and 
Johanna his wife defts., of 2 acr. and 1 rood of land, with appurts., 
in Bokloude. John and Johanna admit it to be the Eight of Se- 
mannus ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Johanna, grant to him 
and to his heirs, and receive 40s. for the concession. 

548. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A° 11— Betw. 
Ealph de Dytton' senior and Johanna his wife pits., and Johanna, 
dau. of Ealph de Dytton', deft., of two parts of the Manor of Offe- 
ham, with appurts., and the advowson of the Church of Offeham. 
Johanna dau. of Ealph admits it to be the Eight of Ealph ; and, for 
herself and her heirs, grants to Ealph and Johanna his wife and to 
the heirs of Ealph, and receives 100 marks for the concession. 

549. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A" 11 — Betw. 
Henry With j^Z^., and John de Eale and Eobergia his wife defts., of 
1 mess., 140 acr. land, 12 acr. mead., 10 acr. wood, and 10s. rent, 
with appurts., in La Leye, Penshurst, Speltherst', and Tonebrugg'. 
John and Eobergia admit it to be the Eight of Henry ; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Eobergia, grant to him and to his heirs, 
and receive 100 marTcs for the concession. 

550. At Westminster, St. Michael in three weeks A" 11 — Betw. 
Michael le Bakere^Z^., and Eobert le Criour and Johanna his wife 
defts., of 1 mess., with appurts., in Tanynton'. Eobert and Jo- 
hanna admit it to be the Eight of Michael ; and, for themselves and 
the heirs of Eobert, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 100s. 
for the concession. 

551. At Westminster, Quinzaine of St. Michael A° 11 — Betw. 
Eobert Tiger, Pelter (? Curriei'),* of London, pit., and William de 
Blakstan deft., of 1 mess., 21 acr. land, and 2 acr. mead., with 
appurts., in Westgrenewyche. William admits it to be the Eight 

* " Pelterer, or preparer of pelts or skins, see Peleter." — Glossary to Liber 
Aihis. 



246 KENT FINES, 11 EDWARD II. 

of Robert ; and, for himself and his heirs, grants to him and to his 
heirs, and receives 20 marka for the concession. 

552. At AVestminster, Quinzaine of St. Michael A" 11 — Betw. 
Hamo Caluel |j/#., and Thomas de Sullebiry and Matilda his -wife 
ilefts., of 1 mess., with appurts., in Estgrenewych'. Thomas and 
Matilda admit it to be the Right of Hamo ; and, for themselves and 
the heirs of Thomas, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 10 
marks for the concession. 

553. At "Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A° 11— Eetw. John 
le Mareschal, of Maydenstan,^?^., and John de Boxle, of Mayden- 
stan, and Agnes his wife (lefts., of 1 mess., with appurts., in May- 
denstan. John de B. and Agnes admit it to be the Right of John 
le M. ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Agnes, grant to him and 
to his heirs, and receive 20 marks for the concession. 

554. At Westminster, Quinzaine of St. Michael A° 11 — Betw. 
Johanna, who was the wife of GreofCrey de la Hewette,^?^., and Wil- 
liam le Carpenter, of Codham, and Amiciahis wiie clefts., of 1 mess., 
180 acr. land, 19 acr. wood, and 13s. 4<d. rent, with appurts., in 
Chelesfeld'. William and Amicia admit it to be the Right of Jo- 
hanna ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Amicia, grant to her 
and to her heirs, and receive lOOZ. for the concession. 

555. At Westminster, Quinzaine of St. Martin A° 11 — Betw. 
Henry, son of Nicholas Aucher, and Isabella, dau. of Henry Alard' 
of Wynchelse (by Martin German guardian of IsabeJla),^Z^5., and 
Robert, son of John Alard', deft., of 1 mess., 500 acr. land, 100 acr. 
mead., 100 acr. wood, and 52s. 5d. rent, with ai:)purts., in Newen- 
denn'. Right of Robert, who, for the admission, grants to Henry 
and Isabella and to his heirs by her ; but if none, then after their 
deaths to remain to the right heirs of Henry. 

556. At Westminster, Quinzaine of St. Michael A'' 11 — Betw. 
Ricliard de Mareys and Margaret his wifep/fs., and John de Cattes- 
feld', chaplain, deft., of 1 mess., 100 acr. land, 1 acr. mead., 3 acr. 
wood, and 5s. rent, with appurts., in Heriettesham. Right of John, 
who^ for the admission, grants to Richard and Margaret and to his 
heirs by her ; but if none, then after their deaths to remain to Juliana 
Waleys and to the heii's of her body ; but if none, then after her 
death to remain to the right heirs of Richard. 

557. At Westminster, St. Michael in three weeks A° 11 — Betw. 
John de Suthbere^;?^., and Henry de Suthbere deft., oi 1 mess., 
and 160 acr. land, with appurts., in the Parish of St. Margaret atte 
Clyue. Henry admits it to be the Right of John ; and, for himself 



KENT FINES, 11 EDWAED II. 247 

and his heirs, grants to him and to his heirs. For whicli concession 
John, for himself and his heirs, grants to Henry for his life an an- 
nuity of 50s., with liberty to distrain should the same be at any 
time in arrear. After the death of Henry, John and his heirs to be 
quit of the payment of said annuity. 

558. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A" 11— Bet w. 
Thomas de Shoppesole and Amy his wife (by William de Langeleye 
in place of Amy) pits., and John le Tyghelere and Elicia his wife 
defts., of 1 mess., with appurts., in Canterbury. John and Elicia 
admit it to be the Right of Thomas ; and, for themselves and the 
heirs of Elicia, grant to Thomas and Amy and to the heirs of 
Thomas, and receive 100.<?. for the concession. 

559. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A" 11— Betw. 
Robert de Cylegraue, of ffaueresham, pit., and Richard lue, of 
Stalesfeld', and Isabella his wife defts., of 1 mess., 20 acr. land, and 
3 acr. wood, with appurts., in Stalesfeld'. Right of Robert, who, 
for the admission, grants to Richard and Isabella for their lives, to 
hold of Robert and his heirs by service of four quarters of barley. 
After their deaths to revert to Robert and to his heirs, quit of the 
heirs of Richard and Isabella. 

560. At Westminster, Morrow of St. Martin Ani— Betw. Wil- 
liam, son of William Elys, pit., and Peter de Kyngesfeld' and 
Matilda his wife defts., of 5^ acr. land, with appurts., in Wy- 
uelesbergh'. Peter and Matilda admit it to be the Right of 
William ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Matilda, grant to 
him and to his heirs, and receive 100s. for the concession. 

5GL. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 11 — Betw. 
John Sayer and Alice his wife pits., and Henry le fforester and 
Sibilla his wife defts., of 1 mess., and 7 acr. land, with appurts., 
in Netlestede. Henry and Sibilla admit it to be the Right of 
John; and, for themselves and the heirs of Henry, grant to 
John and Alice and to the heirs of John, and receive 10 marks for 
the concession. 

562. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month AP [11] — Betw. 

[Margaret] [? who was the wife of de] Basinges pit., and 

John, son of William Grodefray, and Stephen de Oteryngdene defts., 
of 3 mess., 4 carucates of land, and 60 acr. wood, with appurts., in 
Kenardynton', Werehorne, Apeltre, Stone, Seynte Marie Cherehe, 
Bilsinton', Rokynge, Natindon', Boetone, and Elmele. Right of 
John, for which admission John and Stephen grant to Margaret for 
life, with remainder after her death to Ralph, son of AVilliam de 



248 KENT FINES, 11 EDWATID II. 

Basinges, and to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then after his 
death to remain to Thomas his brother and to the heirs of liis body ; 
but if none, then after his death to remain to Reginald liis brother 
and to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then after his death to 
remain to Edmund his brother and to the heirs of his body ; but if 
none, then after his death to remain to AVilliam his brother and to 
the' heirs of his body ; but if none, then after his death to remain to 
the right heirs of aforesaid Margaret. 

563. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A" 11— Betw. Se- 
mannus de Stone plt.^ and John Bisshop' and Alice his wife (lefts. ^ of 
1 acr. and a moiety of 1 rood of laud, with appurts., in Boklond'. 
John and Alice admit it to be the Right of Seraaunus ; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Alice, grant to him and to his heirs, and 
receive 40s. for the concession. 

564. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A^ 11— Betw. Se- 
mannus de Stone iplt., and William Trouere and Beatrix his wife 
defts., of 2 acr. and 1 rood of land, with ai:)purts., in Boklonde. 
William and Beatrix admit it to be the Right of Semannua ; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Beatrix, grant to him and to his heirs, 
and receive 100s. for the concession. 

565. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 11— Betw. 
Thomas Godyn, of Stalesfeld', pit., and William de Bentele and 
Anabilla his wife defts., of 12 acr. land, 15^. rent, the 5th part of 1 
mess., and a moiety of 1 acr. of wood, with appurts., in Stalesfeld'. 
William and Anabilla admit it to be the Right of Thomas ; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Anabilla, grant to him and to his heirs, 
and receive 20 marks for the concession. 

566. At Westminster, Morrow of the Purification of B. Virgin 
A° 11 — Betw. Adam Attegore and Alianora his wife j;/^s., and John 
Botun deft., of 1 mess., 8 acr. land, 6s. rent, and rent of 4 hens, 
with appurts., in Sidyngebourne, Middelton',andMoriston'. Right 
of John, who, for the admission, grants to Adam and to his heirs. 

567. At Westminster, Octave of the Purification of B. Virgin 
A" 11 — Betw. Henry Pynewiggell' pit., and Henry Stulloc' and 
Alice his wife, and William de Patinden' and Cecilia his -wi^e; defts., 
of 1 mess., with appurts., in Middelton'. The deforciants admit it 
to be the Right of Henry P. ; and, for themselves and the heirs of 
Alice and Cecilia, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 100a'. 
for the concession. 

568. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A° 11 — Betw. John 
Pycas, of Northflete, pit., and Thomas le Corueyser and Mabilla his 



KENT FINES, 11 EDWARD II. 249 

wife defts., of 5 acr. land, with appurts., in Northflete. Thomas and 
Mabilla admit it to be the Right of John ; and, for themselves and 
the heirs of Mabilla, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 40 
marks for the concession. 

5G9. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A° 11— Bctw. 
Ealph, son of John de Cobeham, of AVesterham,^/^., and John 
Charles deft., of 1 mess., 43^ acr. land, 4^ acr. mead., 40s. rent, and 
pasturage for 8 oxen, with appurts., in Derteford', Wilmyngton', 
and Creyford', which Elizabeth, who was the wife of John Charles 
senior, holds for her life. John admits it to be the Right of Ralph ; 
and, for himself and his heirs, grants that the aforesaid tenements 
and pasturage which Elizabeth holds for life of the inheritance of 
John, and which after her death to him and to his heirs reverts, 
shall after her death remain to Ealph and to his heirs. John 
receives 100 marks for the concession. This agreement was made 
in the presence of Elizabeth, who thereupon acknowledged her 
fealty to Ralph. 

570. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 11— Betw. 
Moises de Herlakyndenn' pit., and William de Herlakyndenn' and 
Amanda his wife (lefts., of 14 acr. and 3 roods of land, with 
appurts., in Werhorn' and Orlaweston'. William and Amanda 
admit it to be the Eight of Moises ; and, for themselves and the 
heirs of Amanda, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 20 marks 
for the concession. 

571. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 11— Betw. John 
atte Knolle, of Aldynton', and Agnes his wife (by Richard de 
Chelesfeld' in place of Agnes) pits., and Stephen de la Dane deft., 
of 1 mess., 20 acr. land, 5 acr. mead., 70 acr. past., and 5 acr. wood, 
with appurts., in Aldynton' next Hethe. Right of Stephen, who, 
for the admission, grants to John and Agnes and to the heirs of John. 

572. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 11— Betw. Mar- 
geria, who was the wife of Richard Swyft',^Z^., and Hugh de Can- 
tebrigg' and Agnes his wife defts., of 1 mess., with appurts., in May- 
deustan. Hugh and Agnes admit it to be the Right of Margeria ; 
and, for themselves and the heirs of Agnes, grant to her and to her 
heirs, and receive 100s. for the concession. 

573. At Westminster, Quinzaine of St. Hilary A" 11 — Betw. 
John Petyt and Elena his v/iie pits., and John Jordan and Alice his 
wife defts., of 2 acr. and 3 roods of lan4, and a moiety of 1 mess., 
with appurts., in Bobbyng', and Newenton' next Sydyngbourne. 
John Jordan and Alice admit it to be the Right of Elena ; and, 



250 KENT FINES, 11 EDWARD II. 

for tlicmsclvcs and tlic heirs of Alice, grant to John Petyt and Elena 
and to the heirs of Elena, and receive 10 marks for the conccs.sion. 
571. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 11— IJetw. Gil- 
bert le Eede and Juliana his viMepUs., and Michael le Vannere and 
Johanna his wife (lefts., of 1 mess., and 1 acr. land, with appurts., 
in AVestgrcnewych'. Michael and Johanna admit it to be the Eight 
of Gilbert ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Johanna, grant to 
Gilbert and Juliana and to the heirs of Gilbert, and receive 10 
marks for the concession. 

575. At "Westminster, Octave of the Purification of B. Virgin 
A" 11 — Betw. Ealph Barry and Johanna his wife^;7(?.s., and William, 
sou of Eobert de Weldysh', deft., of 1 mess., 3 gardens, 102 acr, 
land, 12 acr. mead., and 3 acr. wood, with appurts., in Euluendenne. 
Eight of William, who, for the admission, grants to Ealph and Jo- 
hanna and to bis heirs by ber; but if none, then after tbeir deaths 
to remain to the right heirs of Ealph. 

Endorsed : — " Isabella, daughter of Henry Alard', and 
Johanna her sister, and Eobert, son of John Alard', assert their 
claim etc." 

576. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A" 11 — Betw. Wil- 
liam, sou of Thomas de Sheluinge, and Beatrix bis wife 'pits., and 
Eoger, son of Eoger de Eeyhamme, deft., of 1 mess., 90 acr. land, 
67 acr. marsh, 17s. rent, and rent of 2 hens and 2 quarters of barley, 
with appurts., in tbe Vill of St. Nicholas in the Isle of Thanet. 
Eight of Eoger, who, for the admission, grants to William and 
Beatrix and to his beirs by ber ; but if none, then after tbeir deaths 
to remain to the right heirs of William. 

577. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A° 11 — Betw. Peter 
de Herlyngge, of London, fit., and Andrew de Secbford' and Sara 
his wife defts., of 1 mess., 2 tofts, 60 acr. land, and 13s. 4(7. rent, 
with appurts., in Orpyngton', and St. Mary Creye. Andrew and 
Sara admit it to be the Eight of Peter ; and, for themselves and the 
beirs of Andrew, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive .607. for 
the concession. 

578. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A" 11 — Betw. Gil- 
bert de Brenle_pZf., and John le Heyward', of Osprenge, and Agnes 
his wife defts., of 5^ acr. land, with appurts., in Osj^renge. John 
and Agnes admit it to be the Eight of Gilbert ; and, for themselves 
and tbe heirs of Agnes, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 
100s. for the concession. 

579. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A° 11 — Betw. Eobert 



KENT FINES, 11 EDWAUD II. 251 

de Sharstede^)/^., and Henry Legat and Juliana his wife clefts., of 
1 mess., and 5 acr. land, with appurts., in Norton' next Newenbam. 
Henry and Juliana admit it to be the right of Eobert ; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Juliana, grant to him and to his heirs, 
and receive 10 marJcs for the concession. 

5S0. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A° 11 — Betw. Thomas 
de Shamelesforde and Margeria his wife pits., and Benedictus de 
Shamelesforde and Ada his wife clefts., of 14^ acr. land, and 3^ acr. 
mead., with appurts., in Chartham. Benedictus and Ada admit it 
to be the Eight of Thomas ; and, for themselves and the heirs of 
Benedictus, grant to Thomas and Margeria and to the heirs of 
Thomas, and receive 20 marhs for the concession. 

581. AfWestminster, Quinzaine of Easter A°ll — Betw. Eichard, 
son of Eulk Payforer, and Juliana his wife pits., and John, son of 
Grilbert de Holegh', deft., of 1 mess., 150 acr. land, 36 acr. wood, 79s. 
rent, and rent of 8 hens, with appurts., in Lenham, Herietesham, 
Wychelinge, and Dodintou'. Eight of John, who, for the admis- 
sion, grants to Eichard and Juliana and to the heirs of Eichard. 

582. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A° 11 — Betw. John 
de HertlepesheU'^/^., and John Petit and Elena his wife defts., of 
3 acr. land, with appurts., in Newenton' and Bobbingg'. John P. 
and Elena admit it to be the Eight of Jolm de H. ; and, for them- 
selves and the heirs of Elena, remit and quit-claim to him and to his 
heirs, and receive for the remission etc. 100s. 

583. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A° 11 — Betw. John, 
son of Stephen Gerard', ^7/"., and Henry de Yaloins and Margeria 
his wife defts., of 1 mess., 100 acr. land, 12 acr. past., 10 acr. wood, 
24s. rent, and rent of 200 eggs, 32 hens, and 1 ploughshare, with 
appurts., in Suthleghe, and Elmstede. Henry and Margeria admit 
it to be the Eight of John ; and, for themselves and the heirs of 
Margeria, remit and quit-claim to him and to his heirs, and receive 
for the remission etc. 100 marks. 

584. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A° 11 — Betw. 
William de Boxle, of Maydenstan, pit., and Bartholomew le 
Coupere, of Maydenstan, and Sara his wife defts., of 1 mess., with 
appurts., in Maydenstan. Bartholomew and Sara admit it to be 
the Eight of William ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Bar- 
tholomew, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 100s. for the 
concession. 

585. At Westminster, Octave of St. John Baptist A° 11 — Betw. 
Eobert de Stanygraue junior and Johanna his wife pits., and John 



252 KENT FINES, 11 EDWARD II. 

de Derby, chaplain, deft., o£ 2 mess., 25G acr. land, 30 acr. mead., 
14 acr. wood, 26s. rent, and rent of 4 cocks, 26 hens, and 180 eggs, 
with appurts., in Stapelherst', Bocton' Anulphi, and Magna Chert. 
Right of John, who, for the admission, grants to Robert and 
Johanna and to the heirs of the body of Eobert ; but if none, then 
after their deaths to remain to the right heirs of Johanna. 

586. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A° 11— 
"Betw. Elias, son of William Ine, of Hothfeld', fU., and John de 
Guston', of Westwelle, and Mabilla his wife clefts., of 1 mess., 
27 acr. and 3 roods of laud, and 2 acr. and 1 rood of mead., with 
appurts., in Hothfeld'. Eight of Mabilla ; for which admission 
John and Mabilla grant to Elias for life ; with remainder after his 
death to Johanna de Aylesmersh' for life ; with remainder after her 
death to Master Thomas de Esthalle and to his heirs. 

587. At Westminster, Octave of St. John Baptist A" 11 — Betw. 
Stephen le Noble pit., and John le Mounsh' senior and Agnes his 
wife (lefts., of 1 mess., and 6 acr. land, with appurts., in Hoo St. 
Werburga. John and Agnes admit it to be the Eight of Stephen ; 
and, for themselves and the heirs of Agues, graut to him and to his 
heirs, and receive 10 onarTcs for the concession. 

588. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A^ 11— Betw. 
Stephen de Oxtegh' and Matilda his wife pits., and John Poteuel 
and Elena his wife defts., of 2 acr. land, with appurts., in Essh' next 
Sandwich. John and Elena admit it to be the Eight of Stephen ; and, 
for themselves and the heirs of Elena, grant to Stephen and Matilda 
and to the heirs of Stephen, and receive 4 marks for the concession, 

589. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A° 11 — Betw. 
Walter de la Sale, of Estbarblenge, ^j7^., and Eobert le Sauser, of 
London, and Eoesia his wife defts., of 30 acr. land, 4^ acr. wood, 
205. rent, and a moiety of 1 mess, and 1 garden, with appurts., in 
Estbarblenge next Maydestan. Eobert and Eoesia admit it to be 
the Eight of Walter ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Eoesia, 
grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 20/. for the concession. 

590. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A° 11— Betw. 
John de Dene and Johanna his wife pits., and John Hereward', of 
Delebregge, deft., of 32 acr. laud, 3 acr. mead., and 5 acr. wood, 
with appvirts., in Littlebourne and Delebregge. John H. admits it 
to be the Eight of Johanna ; and, for himself and his heirs, grants 
to John de D. and Johanna and to the heirs of Johanna, and 
receives 20 marks for the concession. 

591. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A" 11— Betw. 



KENT FINES, 11 AND 12 EDWAUD II. 253 

Henry de G-rof hirst' and Eichard his brother pits., and John de 
Lenham (left., of the Manor of Leneshothe, with appiirts., and 235. 
rent, and rent of 2 cocks and 11 hens, with appurts., in Hors- 
munden', which Eobert le G-egge holds for the term of three years. 
Right of John, who, for the admission, for himself and his heirs, 
grants that the aforesaid tenements which said Robert holds for 
three years of the inheritance of John, and which at the expiration 
of aforesaid term to him and to his heirs reverts, shall at the 
expiration of said term remain to Henry and Richard and to the 
heirs of Henry. 

592. At Westminster, Octave of St. John Baptist A^ 11 — Betw. 
John le Veel and Johanna his wife, and "Winant son of said John le 
Yee\,pJts., and John de Triple deft., of the Manor of Snodelond', with 
appnrts. And afterwards in the Quinzaine of Easter A° 12 Edw. II 
(subsequent to decease of said John le Veel) — Betw. aforesaid 
Johanna and "Winant and John de Ti'iple, of said Manor, with 
appurts. John le Veel had admitted it to be the Right of John de 
Triple, who, for the admission, granted to John le Veel and Johanna 
for their lives, with remainder after their deaths to aforesaid Winant 
and to the heirs of his body ; bnt if none, then after the death of 
Winant to remain to John his brother and to the heirs of his body ; 
but if none, then after his death to remain to the right heirs of 
aforesaid John le Veel. 

Endorsed : — " John, sou of John le Veel senior, asserts his claim 
etc." 

593. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A" 12 — Betw. 
Simon Graliot 2)lt., and Henry de ffrithindeune and Cecilia his wife 
defts., of 1 mess., and 4 acr. land, with appurts., in Lyde. Henry 
and Cecilia admit it to be the Right of Simon ; and, for themselves 
and the heirs of Cecilia, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 
10?. for the concession. 

594. At Westminster, Quinzaine of the Holy Trinity A° 12 — 
Betw. Robert de Selegraue pit., and William de Kynguslonde deft., 
of 22 acr. land, with appurts., in Trulegh'. Right of Robert, who, 
for the admission, grants to William for his life by service of [Pone] 
quarter of barley per annum at the Eeast of the Nativity of the 
Lord. After his death to remain to John son of said William for 
life, to hold of Robert and his heirs by like service. And after the 
death of John to revert to Robert and to his heirs, quit of the heirs 
of William and John. 

595. xA.t Westminster, Quinzaine of St. Martin A° 12 — Betw. 



25^! KENT FIXES, 12 EDWAUD II. 

John de Lewes, clerk, pit., and Jolui de Boudon' and Johanna his 
wife defts., of 1 mess., 40 acr. and 3i roods of land, 7d. rent, and 
rent of 2 hens, with appurts., in Nonyngton' next Wengeham. 
Eight of John de B. ; for which admission John and Johanna grant 
to John de L. for life ; with remainder after his death to Kobert 
Albon for life. And after the decease of Kobert to remain to John 
Benet, of Brightelmeston', and to his heirs. 

596. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A" 12— Betw. Thomas, 
son of Robert Dod, of ffauersham, and Johanna his wife (by John 
Pryket in place of said Johanna) pits., and John, son of Richard de 
Grauene, deft., of the Manor of Granene, with appnrts. John admits it 
to be the Right of Thomas, and two parts renders to Thomas and 
Johanna in Court, to hold to them and to tlie heirs of Thomas. 
Moreover John, for himself and his heirs, grants that the third 
part of aforesaid IManor which Robert atte Berton' and Matilda 
his wife hold, as of the dowry of said Matilda, of the inheritance of 
John, and which after her death to him and to his heirs reverts, 
shall after her death remain to Thomas and Johanna and to the heirs 
of Thomas. John receives 100 marks for the concession. This 
agreement was made in the presence of Robert and Matilda, who 
thereupon acknowledged their fealty to Thomas and Johanna. 

597. At Westminster, Octave of St. Martin A« 12— Betw. Simon 
Bertelot', of Canterbury, pit., and Thomas de Couebrok' and Agues 
his wife defts., of 1 mess., 10 acr. land, 20 acr. past., 4 acr. wood, 
2s. 6d. rent, and rent of 1^ cocks and 2 hens, with appurts., in 
Hakyntone, and the suburbs of Canterbury. Thomas and Agnes 
admit it to be the Right of Simon ; and, for themselves and the heirs 
of Agnes, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 20?. for the 
concession. 

598. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 12 — Betw. 
William de Cheueuyng' and Johanna his wife (by Robert Malemayus 
in place of said Johanna) pJts., and Matilda, who was the wife of 
Hamo de Hirst, deft., of 1 mess., ISO acr. land, 10 acr. mead., 
100 acr. past., 60 acr. wood, and 20s. rent, with appurts., in 
Cheuenyng'. Right of Matilda, who, for the admission, grants to 
William and Johanna and to his heirs by her ; but if none, then 
after their deaths to remain to the right heirs of William. 

599. At Westminster, Octave of St. Martin A" 12 — Betw. 
William de Wyke^?^., and Walter de Dunre and Margeria his wife 
defts., of a moiety of 1 mess., 2 tofts, 162 acr. and 3 roods of land, 
and 7 acr. and 3 roods of wood, with appurts., in Wymelyngwelde. 



KENT FINES, 12 EDWAED II. 255 

Walter and Margeria admit the aforesaid moiety, with appurts., to 
be the Eight of William ; and, for themselves and the heirs of 
Margeria, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 20/. for the 
concession. 

600. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A° 12— Betw. 
John Petit ^/^, and John de Hertlepeshelle and Agues his wife clefts., 
of 1 mess., with appurts., in Newenton' next Sidyngburn'. John de 
H. and Agnes admit it to be the Eight of John P. ; and, for them- 
selves and the heirs of Agnes, remit and quit-claim to him and to 
his heirs, and receive for the remission etc. 10 marks. 

601. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A° 12— Betw. 
Eichard Murimuth' and Alice his wife pJis., and Eobert de Acstede 
and Milicent his wife Jeffs., of 8 acr. land, with appurts., in Elham. 
Eobert and Milicent admit it to be the Eight of Eichard ; and 
Eobert, for himself and his heirs, grants to Eichard and Alice and 
to the heirs of Eichard. Eobert and Milicent receive 10 marks 
for the concession. 

602. At Westminster, Morrow of St. Martin A^ 12— Betw. 
Eoger de Eggerindeun' and Johanna his daughter pits., and Hamo 
de Eemenale, Parson of the Church of Pette, deft., of 1 mess., 1 
mill, 97 acr. land, 8 acr. mead., 8 acr. wood, 34s. M. rent, and rent 
of 2 capons, 22 hens, and 85 eggs, with appurts., in Westwell', and 
Hotfelde. Eight of Hamo, who, for the admission, grants to Eoger 
and Johanna and to the heirs of Johanna. 

603. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A^ 12— Betw. John 
Gerard and Lucia his wife jolts., and John de Pette, of Bakechilde, 
deft., of 1 mess., 100 acr. laud, 30 acr. pasture, 10 acr. wood, 26s. 8^/. 
rent, and rent of 2 cocks, 30 hens, 200 eggs, and 1 ploughshare, with 
appurts., in Elmestede. Eight of John de P., who, for the admis- 
sion, grants to John Gr. and Lucia and to the heirs of John. 

604. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A" 12— Betw. 
Margeria, daughter of Thomas atte Crouche, pit., and Andrew le 
Bakere, of ffolkestan, aud Loretta his wife defts., of 1 mess., with 
appurts., in Canterbury. Andrew and Loretta admit it to be the 
Eight of Margeria ; and Andrew, for himself and his heirs, grants 
to Margeria and to her heirs. Andrew and Loretta receive for the 
concession 100s. 

605. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A^ 12— Betw. 
Henry Godybour and Alice his -wiiej^Its., and John Godybour deft., 
of 1 mess., and 8 acr. land, with appurts., in Tanyntone and Melton'. 
Henry and Alice admit it to be the Eight of John ; and, for them- 



266 KENT FINES, 12 EDWARD II. 

selves aud the heirs of Alice, grant to him and to liis heirs, and 
receive 20 marks for the concession. 

GOG. At Westminster, Octave of St. Micliael A" 12— Betw. 
Hamo Colehraund, of Romenal, pit., and John Stroutard and 
Alianora his wife (lefts., of 1 mess., 1 garden, 100 acr. laud, 5 acr. 
mead., 18 acr. wood, 13s. Id. rent, aud rent of 1 cock and 5 hens, 
with appurts., in Shaddokesherst. John and Alianora admit it to 
be the Eight of Hamo ; and, for themselves and the heirs of 
Alianora, grant to him and to his heirs, aud receive 200 marks for 
the concession. 

G07. At Westminster, Quinzaine of St. Michael A° 12 — Betw. 
Walter le Wyse, of Gillyngham, pit., and John, son of Dauid de 
Sleyhelle, and Alice his wife clefts., of 1 mess., 12 acr land, 13 acr. 
pasture, 7s. rent, and rent of 1 cock and 7 hens, with appurts., in 
A^pcherche. John aud Alice admit it to be the Eight of Walter ; 
aud, for themselves aud the heirs of Alice, grant to him aud to his 
heirs, and receive 20Z. for the concession. 

608. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 12— Betw. John 
de Northwod' aud Johanna his wife pits., aud Master Henry de 
Northwod' deft., of the Manors of Thoruham and Bengbery, with 
appurts. Eight of Master Henry, who, for the admission, grants to 
John aud Johanna and to the heirs of John. 

609. At Westminster, Octave of the Purification of B. Virgin 
A° 12 — Betw. John, son of Eoger de Heghham,^?/^., aud Master 
Henry, son of Eoger de Northwode, deft., of the Manor of S wanton', 
with appurts. Eight of Johu, who, for the admission, grants to 
Master Heuiy for life. After his death to remain to Eaulina, who 
was the wife of Eoger de Heghham, and to Johanna daughter of 
said Eaulina, aud to the heirs of Eaulina. 

610. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A^ 12— Betw. 
Eobert, son of Nicholas Alderman, and Johu, son of Annora de 
Ofne, pits., aud John, son of Walter de Ofne, deft., of 1 mess., and 
42 acr. land, with appurts., in Sellyugge, and Boktou'-under-Bleen. 
Eight of Johu sou of Walter, who, for the admission, grants to 
Eobert for life, with remainder after his death to John son of 
Annora, aud to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then after his 
death to remain to the right heirs of Eobert. 

611. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 12— Betw. 
Thomas de Boywyk'^?/^., aud Master Adam Murimouth' deft., of 1 
mess., 1 carucate of land, 16 acr. wood, 30s. rent, aud rent of 50 
hens, with appurts., in Elham. Thomas admits it to be the Eight 



KENT FINES, 12 EDWARD II. 257 

of Master Adam ; aud, for himself and his heirs, grants to him and 
to his heirs, and receives 100 marks for the concession. 

612. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A° 12— Betw. John 
le Barbour, of Bisshopesgate, pit., and Robert Terry and Beatrix 
his wife Jeffs., of 1 mess., 5 acr. land, and 1 acr. wood, withappurts., 
in Chartham. Robert and Beatrix admit it to be Right of John ; 
and, for themselves and the heirs of Beatrix, grant to him and to his 
heirs, and receive 10 marks for the concession. 

G13. At Westminster, Octave of the Purification of B. Virgin 
A" 12 — Betw. Master Henry, son of Roger de 'N orthw ode, pU., and 
Raulina, who was the wife of Roger de Heghham, deft., of the 
Manor of Hei'baldoune, with appurts. Right of Raulina, who, for 
the admission, grants to Master Henry for life, by service of a rose 
at Nativity of St. John Baptist. After his death to revert to Rau- 
lina and to her heirs, quit of the heirs of Master Henry. 

614. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A^ 12— Betw. 
Richard, son of Richard Judelyn,^?^., and William, son of Ralph 
de Easwole, aud Clemencia his wife deffs., of 12 acr. land, and 
7 acr. and 1 rood of pasture, with appurts., in Berefreyston'. 
AVilliam and Clemencia admit it to be the Right of Richard ; and, 
for themselves and the heirs of Clemencia, grant to him and to 
his heirs, and receive 10 viarJcs for the concession. 

615. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 12— Betw. 
Thomas de Birstou'^/^., and Thomas de Caumuill' and Alice his 
wife defts., of 1 mill, with appurts., in Huntyngton'. Thomas de C. 
and Alice admit it to be the Right of Thomas de B. ; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Alice, grant to him and to his heirs, and 
receive 20 marks for the concession. 

616. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A° 12 — Betw. Roger 
le Barbour, of Canterbury, aud Henry son of John de Douorr', 
pits., and Bertinus de Welmeston' deft., of 1 mess., and 18 acr. and 
3 roods of land, with appurts., in Wengham. Bertinus admits it to 
be the Right of Roger ; and, for himself and his heirs, grants to 
Roger aud Henry and to the heirs of Roger, and receives 20 marks 
for the concession. 

617. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A° 12 — Betw. John 
de Peddyng' and Constance his wife pits., and Walter Daulard' and 
Margeria his wife defts., of 5 acr. and 1^ roods of land, 1 rood of 
wood, 20J. rent, rent of 2 hens, and a moiety of 1 acr. of mead., 
and 1 acr. of turf, and the fourth part of 1 mess., with appurts., in 
Esshe, and Staple next Wengeham. Walter and Margeria, for 

VOL. XIV. S 



258 KENT FINES, 12 EDWARD II. 

themselves and the heirs of Margeria, grant to Jolm and Constance 
and to liis lioirs by her ; but if none, then after their deaths to 
remain to tlie right heirs of John. AValter and Margeria receive 
for the concession 20 marks. 

618. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A" 12 — Betw. Ste- 
phen de Ypmanton' pit., and John Weliwer and Agnes his wife 
(lefts., of 7 acr. and 1 rood of land, vrith appurts., in Sellyng' next 
Seldwych'. John and Agues admit it to be the Right of Stephen ; 
and John, for himself and his heirs, grants to him and to his heirs. 
John and Agnes receive for the concession 10 marks. 

619. At Westminster, Quinzaiue of Easter A° 12 — Betw. Cle- 
ment Hampoller^j?^., and Nicholas Eoalf and Margeria his wife 
clefts., of 2 acr. and 3 roods of land, with appurts., in Patrikesburn' 
and Bregge. Nicholas and Margeria admit it to be the Eight of 
Clement ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Margeria, grant to 
him and to his heirs, and receive 100s. for the concession. 

620. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A° 12 — Betw. 
Bobert fferthyng'^^Z^., and William le Gardyuer and Johanna his 
wife (lefts., of 1 mess., and 1^ acr. land, with appurts., in the 
suburbs of Canterbury. William and Johanna admit it to be the 
Eight of Eobert ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Johanna, 
grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 10 marks for the concessio]i. 

621. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A° 12 — Betw Henry 
Nasard and Isabella his \M\ie pits,, and John Deuery, clerk, deft., of 
1 mess., 1 mill, 200 acr. laud, 100 acr. pasture, and 120 acr. wood, 
with appurts., in Bredeherst', Lydesynge, and Gillyngeham. Eight 
of John, who, for the admission, grants to Henry and Isabella for 
their lives, with remainder after their deaths to John their son and 
to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then after his death to remain to 
Ealj)]! his brother and to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then after 
the death of Ealph to remain to the right heirs of aforesaid Henry. 

622. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A^ 12— Betw. Wil- 
liam, son of Henry Beneyt, and Johanna his \iiieplts., and William 
Sharp (left., of 1 mess., 3 gardens, 18 acr. and 1 rood of laud, 1 acr. 
and 1 rood of wood, and 14 acr. marsh, with appurts., in Halghesto 
next Sydingburn'. Eight of William S., who, for the admission, grants 
to William, son of Henry, and Johanna and to his heirs by her ; but if 
none, then after their deaths to remain to the right heirs of Johanna. 

623. At Westminster, Easter in three weeks A° 12 — Betw. John 
de Lewes, clerk, pit., and Philip de Wyke and Matilda his wife 
defts., of 20 acr. land, 8jf?. rent, and the third part of 1 mess., with 



KENT FINES, 12 EDWAllD II. 259 

appurts., in Nouynton' next AVyngeham. Right o£ Matilda ; for 
which admission Philip and Matilda, for themselves and the heirs 
of Matilda, grant to John for his life, with remainder after his 
death to Eobert Albon for his life ; and after the death of Eobert 
to remain to John Beneyt, of Bi'ightelmestou', and to his heirs. 

624. At Westminster, Quinzaiue of Easter A° 12 — Betw. Wil- 
liam, son of John de Ore, and Margaret his wife pits., and William 
de Bothmeshelle and Peter de Pekliam (lefts., of 2 mess., 160 acr. 
land, 6 acr. mead., 400 acr. past., 10 acr. wood, 30s. rent, rent of 18 
quarters of barley, 50 hens, and 50 eggs, and a moiety of 1 mill, 
with appurts., in Middelton', Menstre, Shepeye, and Newyuton' 
next Middelton'. Eight of William de B. ; for which admission 
William de B. and Peter grant to William sou of John, and to Mar- 
garet and to his heirs by her ; but if none, then after their deaths 
to remain to the right heirs of William son of John. 

625. At Westminster, Quinzaiue of St. John Baptist A° 12 — 
Betw. Michael de Chepstede and Mabilla his ■^'lie pits., and John, 
son of William de Sutton', and Agatha his wife clefts., of 36 acr. 
land, 1^ acr. wood, 4s. 2\d. rent, and rent of 7 hens, 1 capon, 1 cock, 
and 70 eggs, with appurts., in Kyngesdouue next ffrenyngham. 
John and Agatha admit it to be tlie Eight of Michael ; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Agatha, grant to Michael and Mabilla 
and to the heirs of Michael, and receive 20/. for the concession. 

626a. At AVestminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity Ao 12— 
Betw. Thomas de Banquell' pit., and William de Brampton' and 
Alice his wife clefts., of 21 acr. and 3 roods of laud, with appurts., in 
Dentlyngg'. William and Alice admit it to be the Eight of Thomas ; 
and, for themselves and the heirs of Alice, grant to him and to his 
heirs, and receive 10/. for the concession. 

626b. At Westminster, Quinzaiue of St. John Baptist A° 12 — 
Betw. William de Ho and Juliana his wife pits., and John le 
Litletannere, of Maydenstan, and Alice his wife clefts., of 1 mess., 
and 9 acr. laud, with appurts., in Est Mallynge. Johu and Alice 
admit it to be the Eight of William ; and John, for himself and his 
heirs, grants to William and Juliana and to the heirs of AVilliara ; 
for which concession John and Alice receive 10 marks. 

627. At Westminster, Morrow of St. John Baptist Ao 12 — 
Betw. Simon de Haulo and Elizabeth his wife (by Walter Beuyn 
in the place of Elizabeth) jj//s., and James de Horle, Parson of the 
Church of Little Cherd', and John Abel, Parson of the Church of 
Waldwarshare, defts., of the Manor of Est Lenham, with a])purts. 

s 2 



260 KENT FINES, 12 EDWAED II. 

Right of James ; for wliicli iulini8.sioii he and John grant to Simon 
and Eh'zabeth and to his heirs by her ; but if none, then after their 
deaths to remain to the right heirs of Simon. 

028. At AVcstmi lister, Octave of St. John Baptist A" 12 — Betw. 
Andrew Swyft, Vicar of the Church of Woteringebury, X)^^-^ ^^^ 
Henry de Leibourn' and Elizabeth his wife (lefts., of 3 mess., 3 
mills, 742 acr. land, 36 acr. mead, 150 acr. past., 103 acr. wood, 
12/. 18s. lli«^. rent, rent of 5 ploughs, IG cocks, 102 hens, 800 eggs, 
and pasturage for 700 sheep, with appurts., in Woteringebury, 
Ealdinge, Mereworth', Pecham, and Chatham. Eight of Andrew, 
who, for the admission, grants to Henry for his life with remainder 
after his death to Juliana daughter of said Henry and Elizabeth, 
for her life. And after the death of Juliana to remain to the 
right heirs of Henry. 

629. At Westminster, Morrow of St. John Baptist A" 12— 
Betw. Simon Potyn, of Rochester, pit., and John Godwyne, of 
Rochester, and Agnes his wife defta., of 1 mess., Avith appurts., in 
Rochester. John and Agnes admit it to be the Right of Simon ; 
and, for themselves and the heirs of Agnes, grant to him and to his 
heirs, and receive 10 marks for the concession. 

630. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A^ 12— Botw. 
Edmund de Passeley and Margaret his wife, and Edmund their son 
(by Durandus de Widmarpol in place of Margaret, and Robert de 
Hair, guardian of said Edmund son of Edmund, in his stead), pits., 
and John, son of William Grodefrey, and Stephen de Oteryngeden', 
defts., of the Manor of Theuegate in Smeth', with appurts., and 1 
mess., 1 mill, and 150 acr. land, with appurts., in Smeth', Braburn', 
and Aldinton'. Right of John ; for which admission John and 
Stephen grant the mill and two parts of the Manor and mess., 
with appurts., to Edmund and Margaret, and Edmund son of said 
Edmund, and to the heirs of Edmund (senior) by Margaret. More- 
over John and Stephen grant that the land and third part of 
the Manor and mess., with appurts., which Amicia de Greley 
holds for her life in dower of the inheritance of John, and which 
after her death to John and Stephen and to the heirs of John 
reverts, shall after her death remain to Edmund de Passe- 
ley, Margaret, and Edmund son of said Edmund, and to the 
heirs of Edmund de Passeley (senior). If it happen that Edmund 
de P. die without heirs by Margaret, then after their deaths and 
tl e death of Edmund their son to remain to the right heirs of 
Edmund de Passeley (senior). This agreement was made in the 



KENT FINES, 12 EDWARD II. 261 

presence of Amicia, who thereupon acknowledged her fealty to Ed- 
mund de P. and Margaret, and Edmund their son, 

031. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A° 12— Betw. 
John de Barueuile senior ^Z#., and John de Barneuile j unior deft., 
of 1 mess., 38 acr. land, 6 acr. mead., and 4 acr, past., with appurts., 
in Wykham Brewose. Right of John de B. junior, who, for the 
admission, grants to John de B. senior for his life, by service of a 
rose at jSTativity of St. John Baptist. After his death to revert to John 
de B. junior and to his heirs, quit of the heirs of John de B. senior. 

632. At Westminster, Morrow of St. John Baptist A" 12— 
Betw. Alice de Columbariis^Z/,, and Master William de Chelesfelde 
deft., of the Manor of Peueshurst, with appurts., and the advowson 
of the Chapel of said Manor. Right of William, who, for the ad- 
mission, grants to Alice for her life, with remainder after her death 
to Stephen her son for his life. And after the death of Stephen to 
remain to Thomas his brother and to the heirs of his body ; but if 
none, then after his death to remain to the right heirs of Alice. 

638. At Westminster, Octave of St. John Baptist A° 12— Betw. 
Lucia, who was the wife of John de Metyngham,^/^., and John, son 
of William del Pre junior, deft., of 1 mess., 10 acr. land, and 4^. 
rent, with appurts., in Vpmonyngham. John admits it to be the 
Right of Lucia ; and, for himself and his heirs, grants to her and to 
her heirs. For which concession Lucia, for herself and her heirs, 
grants to John for his life an annuity of 60s., with liberty to distrain 
should the same be at any time in arrear. 

634. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A° 12— Betw. 
Richard atte ^o\g pit., and Richard de Pullethorne and Johanna his 
wife, and James de Gatton' and Agnes his wife, defts., of 1 mess., 
with appurts., in Canterbury. The deforciants admit it to be the 
Right of Richard atte Sole ; and, for themselves and the heirs of 
Johanna and Agnes, remit and quit-claim to him and to his heirs, 
and receive for the remission etc. 20 marks. 

635. At Westminster, Quinzaine of the Holy Trinity A° 12 — 
Betw. Simon Scot, of Romene, pit., and Robert le Pere and 
Johanna his wife defts., of 4 acr. and 3 roods of land, with appurts., 
in Romenal'. Robert and Johanna admit it to be the Right of 
Simon ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Johanna, grant to him 
and to his heirs, and receive 10 marks for the concession. 

636. At Westminster, Morrow of St. John Baptist A° 12— Betw. 
Simon Potyn, of Rochester, pit., and Walter Bretoun, of Rochester, 
and Maria his wife defts., of 1 mess., with appurts., in Rochester, 



262 KENT FINES, 12 EDWARD II. 

Walter and Maria admit it to be the Right of Simon ; and, for 
themselves and the hoirs of Maria, grant to him and to hiw heirs ; 
and receive 10 marks for the concession. 

637. At "Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A" 12— 
Betw. Raulina {Raolina) de Ileghham^^Zi^., and Roger le Gnat' and 
ffelicia his wife defls., of 17 acr. land, with appurts., in Mapeles- 
comp'. Roger and ffelicia admit it to be the Right of Raulina; 
and Roger, for himself and his heirs, grants to her and to her heirs ; 
for which concession Roger and ffelicia receive 20 marks. 

G38. At Westminster, Quinzaine of the Holy Trinity A" 12 — 
Betw. Robert de Selegraue^;/^., and .Tohu de Cornhelle, of Stalus- 
feld', (left., of 40 acr. land, with appurts., in Stalusfeld'. Right of 
Robert, who, for the admission, grants to John for his life by 
service of 12 quarters of barley at the Feast of the Nativity of the 
Lord. After his death to revert to Robert and to his heirs, quit of 
the heirs of John. 

639. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A" 12— 
Betw. John de la More pit., and Henry Pauye and Margaret his 
wife (lefts., of 1 mess., and 12 acr. land, with appurts., in Cyppen- 
ham. Henry and Margaret admit it to be the Right of John ; and 
Henry, for himself and his heirs, grants to him and to his heirs ; for 
which concession Henry and Margaret receive 10/. 

610. (Much of the bottom torn away. A note in pencil on the 
margin, by the Record Office officials, says : " Found amongst Kent 
Edw. II. A° 9 to 12." It commences without any list of Justices 
or date) — Betw. Walter Drew and Robert de London', Parson of 
the Church of Littleton' Drew, ^;/fs., and William de Middelhope 
deft., of 14 mess., 14 virgates of land, 40 acr. mead., and Gs. rent, 
with appurts., in Surinden'. William admits the aforesaid tene- 
ments, with appurts., to be Right of Walter, of which Walter and 
Robert have 1 mess., 4<\ virgates of land, and 19 acr. mead., with 
appurts., of the gift of aforesaid William. And for this admission 
Walter and Robert grant to William for his life the said mess., 4-j 
virgates of land, and 19 acr. mead., with appurts., together with all 
services of GreofErey Seman and his heirs. Moreover Walter and 
Robert, for themselves and the heirs of Walter, grant that that 
1 mess., 1 virgate of land, and 2 acr. mead., with appurts., which 
Adam Acreman and Edith his wife hold for their lives ; also that 
1 mess., 1 virgate o^ land, and 2 acr. of mead., with appurts., which 
Roger le Rede and Edith his wife hold for their lives ; also that 
1 mess., 1 virgate of land, and 2 acr. mead., with appurts., which 



KENT FINES, 12 EDWARD II. 263 

Robert Trcndeloue and Edith his wife hold for their lives ; also that 

1 mess., 1 acr. mead., and a moiety of 1 virgate of land, with 
appurts., which Alice Colier holds for her life ; also that 1 mess., 

2 acr. mead., and a moiety of 1 virgate of land, with appurts., which 
Henry Hogges and Edith his wife hold for their lives ; also that 1 
acr. mead., and moiety of 1 mess, and 1 virgate of land, with appurts., 
which John Xorreys and Alice his wife hold for their lives ; also 
that 1 mess., 1 virgate of land, and 2 acr. mead., with appurts., 
which John Bacheler and Isabella his wife hold for their lives ; also 
that 1 mess., 1 acr. mead., and a moiety of 1 virgate of land, with 
appurts., which John Waryn and Emma his wife hold for their 
lives ; also that 1 mess., and 1 acr. mead., with appurts., which 
William Handsex and Johanna his wife hold for their lives ; also 
that 1 mess., 1 acr. mead., and a moiety of 1 acr. of land, with 
appurts., which Adam Shereue and Alice his wife, (and) John 
Pa[u]y and Alice his wife hold for their lives ; also that 1 mess., 

, with appurts.. Which Thomas Dun and Alice 

his wife hold for their lives ; also that 1 mess., , with 

appurts., which [Eichard] Wayfer', and William his brother, and 
Katherine sister of said Eichard hold for their lives ; also [that] 

acr. mead., with appurts., which William Hasard' 

holds for bis life, of the inheritance of aforesaid Walter 

[the day of the making of this agreement], and which after the 
decease of said Adam and Edith his wife, Eoger and Edith his wife, 
[Eobert and Edith his wife, Alice Colier], Henry and Edith his 
wife, John and Alice his wife, John Bacheler and Isabella, John 
[Waryn and Emma his wife, William Handsex and Johanna his 
wife, Adam S]hereue and Alice his wife, John Pauy and Alice his 
wife, Thomas and Alice hi.s wife, [Eichard Wayfer, and William his 
brother, and Katherine sister of said Eichard, and William Hasard,] 
to the aforesaid Walter and Eobert and to the heirs of Walter 
revert, shall — after the deaths of the said [Adam and Edith his wife, 
Eoger and Edith] his wife, Eobert and Edith his wife, Alice Colier, 
Henry and Edith his wife, John [and Alice his wife, John Bacheler 
and] Isabella, John Waryn and Emma, William and Johanna, 
Adam Shereue and Alice his wife, John [Pauy and Alice his wife, 
Thomas and Alice] his wife, Eichard, and William his brother, and 
Katherine, and William — remain instead to aforesaid William de 
[Middelhope for his life], with remainder after his decease to 

[Thomas] [and Elizabeth] his [wife] and to the heirs of 

the bodies of said Thomas and Elizabeth. And if it happen that 



264 KENT FINES, 13 EDWARD II. 

Thomas and Elizabeth die without [heirs of their bodies, then after] 

their deaths to remain to the riglit [heirs of] At 

the bottom is : — in Quiuzaine of Hilary. And 

Walter and Robert have in their stead William Peritay ; and 
William has in his stead William de Eouton. 

641. At Westminster, Octave of St. John Baptist A" 13— 
Betw. Robert, son of James de Reynham, pit., and Richard le 
Wrenek', of Ledis, and Willelma his wife clefts., of 3 mess., and 
6 acr. and 3 roods of land, with appurts., in Maydenstan. Richard 
and Willelma admit it to be the Right of Robert ; and, for them- 
selves and the heirs of Willelma, grant to him and to his heirs, and 
receive 10 marks for the concession. 

642. At Westminster, Octave of St. John Baptist A" 13— Betw. 
Nicholas de Criel, Chivaler, p/f., and John le Coupere and Margeria 
his wife defts., of 12 acr. land, with appurts., in Shorham. John 
and Margeria admit it to be the Right of Nicholas ; and, for them- 
selves and the heirs of Margeria, grant to him and to his heirs, and 
receive 10 marJcs for the concession. 

643. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A° 13— Betw. 
John, son of William Elys, of Demecherche, pit., and Walter le 
Wred' and Alice his wife defts., of 1 mess., and 7 acr. and 1 rood 
of land, with appurts., in Demecherche. Walter and Alice admit it 
to be the Right of John ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Alice, 
grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 10 marks for the concession. 

644. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity Ao 13— Betw. 
John Petit and Elena his wife pits., and John, son of Robert le 
Bakere, and Emma his wife defts., of a moiety of 1 mess., with 
appurts., in Neweuton' next Sydyngburn'. John, son of Robert, 
and Emma admit it to be the Right of Elena ; and, for themselves 
and the heirs of Emma, grant to John Petit and Elena and to the 
heirs of said Elena, and receive 100s. for the concession. 

645. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A" 13— Betw. 
Thomas, son of Thomas le Blake, of Grren, and Johanna his wife 
pits., and Walter Richard', of Gren, deft., of 2 mess., 10 acr. land, 
and 80 acr. marsh, with appurts., in Grren. Right of Walter, who, 
for the admission, grants to Thomas and Johanna and to his heirs 
by her ; biit if none, then after their deaths to remain to the right 
heirs of Thomas. 

646. At Westminster, Quinzaiue of the Holy Trinity A° 13 — 
Betw. Robert le Wynetere and Alice his wife pits., and Master 
Walter de Stone deft., of 14 acr. and 3 roods of laud, 1 acr. and 



KENT FINES, 13 EDWARD II. 265 

1 rood of mead., 4s. G\d. rent, and two parts of 1 mess., with 
appurts., in Maydeuestan and Boxele, which John Makeliayt and 
Margaret his wife hokl for the life of said Margaret. Master 
"Walter admits it to be the Eight of Alice ; and, for himself and 
his heirs, grants that the said tenements, with appurts., which John 
and Margaret hold for the life of said Margaret of the inheritance 
of Master Walter, and which after her death to him and to his heirs 
revert, shall remain instead to Eobert and Alice and to the heirs of 
Alice. Master "Walter receives for the concession 100 marks. This 
agreement was made in the presence of John and Mai'garet, who 
thereupon acknowledged their fealty to Eobert and Alice. 

Endorsed: — "William, son of Osbert Wakerild, and William 
and John brothers of said William son of Osbert, assert their claim." 

647. At York, St. Michael in one month A° 13— Betw. William 
de Pesendeune and Juliana his wife (by William de Lang[ele] in 
place of Juliana) pits., and Eobert Curteys deft., of 1 mess., and 
60 acr. land, with appurts., in Ebbe, Stone, AVytriccheshamme, and 
Wyghtuccheshamme. Eight of Eobert, who, for the admission, 
grants to William and Juliana and to his heirs by her ; but if none, 
then after their deaths to remain to the right heirs of William. 

648. At York, Octave of St. Michael A" 13— Betw. Eoger le 
Bakere, of Cherryugge, and Johanna his wufe^j^^s., and William de 
Benyndeu' deft., of 2 mess., 28 acr. land, and 8 acr. wood, with 
appurts., in Cherryngge and Stalesfelde. Eight of William, who, 
for the admission, grants to Eoger and Johanna and to his heirs by 
her ; but if none, then after their deaths to remain to tiie right 
heirs of Eoger. 

649. At York, St. Michael iu one month A** 13— Betw. Eichard 
de Ifeld' and Sara his wiie pits., and John de Carletou', Parson of 
the Church of Notstede, deft., of 180 acr. land, 12 acr. wood, and 
two parts of 1 mess, and of 1 mill, with appurts., in Northflete. 
Eight of John, who, for the admission, grants to Eichard and Sara, 
and to the heirs of Eichard. 

650. At York, Quinzaine of St. Michael A" 13— Betw. Thomas 
de liudaplt., and William Passemer and Agnes his wife defts., of 
six parts of a moiety of 1 mill, with appurts., in Derteford'. 
William and Agnes admit it to be the Eight of Thomas ; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Agnes, grant to him and to his heirs, 
and receive 100s. for the concession. 

651. At York, Quinzaine of St. Michael A^ 13 — Betw. Henry 
de Brutone and Margeria his wife^;/^s., and Thomas de Somersete, 



2G6 KENT FINES, 13 EDWARD II. 

chaplain, deft., of 2 mesa., 20 acr. laud, 3 acr. mead., and G acr. 
wood, with appurts., in Sevenok' and Cheuenygg' (sic). Eight of 
Thomas, who, for the admission, grants to Henry and Margeria and 
to the lieira of Henry. 

052. At York, Octave of St. Michael A" 13— Betw. Geoffrey de 
Say and Idonia his wife (by Peter Eys in their stead) pits., and 
John Olyner' and Cecilia his wife clefts., of a moiety of 1 mill and 
1 acr. mead., with appurts., in Reyeresshe. John and Cecilia admit 
it to be the Right of Greoffrey ; and John, for himself and his heirs, 
grants to Geoffrey and Idonia and to the heirs of Geoffrey ; for 
which concession John and Cecilia receive 100s. 

653. At York, St. Michael in one month A^ 13— Betw. Margeria 
Langere pit., and Richard de Pypelpenne deft., of 1 mess., with 
appurts., in St. Mary Creye. Right of Richard, who, for the 
admission, grants to Margeria for her life, by service of a rose at 
Nativity of St. John Baptist. After her death to remain, by like 
service, to Matilda daughter of Gilbert Langere, and to the lieirs of 
her body ; but if none, then after her death to revert to Richard 
and to his heirs, quit of other heirs of Margeria and Matilda. 

651. At York, Octave of St. Michael A^ 13— Betw. Geoffrey de 
Say and Idonia his wife (by Peter Rys in their stead) pits., and 
Philip de Pouenesshe and Johanna his wife defts., of a moiety of 
1 mill and 1 acr. mead., with appurts., in Reyeresshe. Philip and 
Johanna admit it to be the Right of Geoffrey ; and, for themselves 
and the heirs of Johanna, grant to Geoffrey and Idonia and to the 
heirs of Geoffrey, and receive 100s. for the concession. 

655. At York, Quiuzaine of St. Michael A" 13— Betw. John 
Hayroun and Juliana his wife (by Henry de Sturreye in place of 
Juliana) pits., and Thomas Kyng' and Margaret his wife defts., of 
1 mess., and 4 acr. land, with appurts., in Preston' next Wengeham. 
Thomas and Margaret admit it to be the Right of John ; and Thomas, 
for himself and his heirs, grants to John and Juliana and to the heirs 
of John ; for which concession Thomas and Margaret receive 100s. 

656. At York, Quiuzaine of St. Michael A" 13— Betw. Thomas, 
sou of John ffromond, of La Goldhull' of Haudlo, senior, ^Z^., and 
John ffromond, of Goldhull' of Haudlo, senior, deft., of 1 mess., 
50 acr. land, 13 acr. mead., 4s. rent, and 1 weir in the water of 
Knokewere, with appurts., in Haudlo. Right of Thomas, who, for 
the admission, grants to John for his life, by service of a rose at 
Nativity of St. John Baptist. After his death to revert to Thomas 
and to his heirs, quit of the heirs of John. 



KENT FINES, 13 EDWARD II. 267 

657. At York, St. Michael in one month A" 13 — Betw. Thomas 
de Rokesle <and Alice his wife, and Eichard, son of John de Eokesle 
(by Hugh le Barber in place of said Alice and R\chaxd),plts., and 
Hemy de Northwode deft., of 1 mess., 160 acr. land, 16 acr. mead., 
30 acr. wood, 108 acr. past., and GOs. rent, with appurts., in 
Cherryngge. Eight of Henry, who, for the admission, grants to 
Thomas and Alice and to the heirs of the body of said Thomas. 
And if it happen that Thomas die without heirs of his body, then 
after tlie deaths of Thomas and Alice to remain to aforesaid Eichard 
and to his heirs. 

658. At York, Quinzaine of St. Michael A« 13— Betw. Peter le 
Bolynger, of Canterbury (by Eichard de Chelesfeld' in his stead), 
pit., and Adam Hurel, of Canterbury, and Gerarda his wife clefts., 
of the fourth part of 3 acr. of meadow 1 mill and fifth part of 1 mill, 
with appurts., in Hakinton', and Westgate next Canterbury. 
Adam and Gerarda admit the aforesaid fourth part, with appurts., 
to be the Eight of Peter ; and, for themselves and the heirs of 
Gerarda, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 100s. for the 
concession. 

659. At York, St. Michael in one month A° 13 — Betw. .John de 
Boudon' and Johanna his wife pits., and Philip de Wyk' and 
Matilda his wife defts., of the third part of the Manors of Siberd- 
deswyld' and Eygthorne, with appurts., and the advowson of the 
Church of said Manor of Eygthorne. Eight of Matilda ; for which 
admission Philip and Matilda grant to John and .Johanna and to 
the heirs of John. 

660. At York, St. Michael in one month A" 13— [Betw. John 
de] Sterre, and Thomas, Eobert, and Nicholas, his sous, and 
Nicholaa daughter of said John, ^Z^s., and Thomas de ffulham and 

Eichard de Isslep' defts., of land, and 5 acr. wood, with 

appurts., in Plumstede and Lesens {J Leslies^. Thomas de E. and 
Eichard grant to John for his life, with remainder after his death 
to Thomas his son and to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then 
after the death of Thomas to remain to aforesaid Eobert and to the 
heirs of his body ; but if none, then after the death of Eobert to 
remain to aforesaid Nicholas and to the heirs of his body ; but if 
none, then after the death of Nicholas to remain to aforesaid Nicho- 
laa and to the heirs of her body ; but if none, then after the death 
of Nicholaa to remain to the right heirs of aforesaid John. Thomas 
de ffulham and Eichard receive for the concession marks. 

661. At York, Quinzaine of St. Martin A^^ 13— Betw. John de 



268 KENT FINES, 14 EDWARD II. 

Hastinges and Juliana his wife (by Robert de Lalleford' in place of 
John, and by the same Eobert as guardian of Juliana) pits., and 
Geoffrey, son of Geoffrey de Lucy, and Katerina his wife clefts., of 
the Manor of Newynton', with ap])urts. Eight of Geoffrey ; for 
which admission Geoffrey and Katerina grant (by service of a rose 
at Nativity of St. John Baptist) to John and Juliana and to his 
heirs male by her ; but if none, then after their deaths to revert to 
Geoffrey and Katerina and to the heirs of Geoffrey, quit of other 
heirs of John and Juliana. 

G62. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A" 13— Betw. 
Thomas, son of Eobert Dod, of ffaueresham,^//., and John de Bery 
and Alice his wife (lefts., of 1 mess., IS acr. land, GO acr. past., and 
the third part of 6/. 13s. M. rent, with appurts., in Sesaltre. John 
and Alice admit it to be the Eight of Thomas ; and, for themselves 
and the heirs of Alice, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 
20Z. for the concession. 

663. At "Westminster, Quinzaine of St. John Baptist A'' 13 — 
Betw. Adam de Brokkescumbe and Cecilia his wife j-j/^s., and 
"William de Swanton', Parson of the Church of Cherring', deft., of 
1 mess., 150 acr. land, 3 acr. mead., 24 acr. wood, 12s. rent, and 
rent of 28 hens and 60 eggs, with appurts., in Eggerton, Bocton' 
Malherbe, and Cherriug'. Eight of William, who, for the 
admission, grants to Adam and Cecilia for their lives, with remainder 
after their deaths to John their son and to the heirs of his body ; 
but if none, then after the death of John to remain to Eoger his 
brother and to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then after the 
death of Eoger to remain to the right heirs of aforesaid Adam. 

661. At Westminster, Quinzaine of St. John Baptist A° 14 — 
Betw. Thomas, sou of John Loterych',^;/f., and William le L[en ?]* 
and Johanna his wife defts., of 40 acr. land, with appurts., in 
Seynte Marycherche next Eomenal. William and Johanna admit 
it to be the Eight of Thomas ; and, for themselves and the heirs of 
Johanna, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 40s. for the 
concession. 

665. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A° 14— Betw. 
Durandus de Wydmerpol pit., and Stephen de la Dane and Isabella 
his wife (by John Priket in place of Isabella) defts., of 1 mess., 85 
acr. land, and 40 acr. past., with appurts., in Petham and Waltham. 
Eight of Durandus, who, for the admission, grants to Stephen and 

* Just traces of '-eu "' (or "eu '') where the file has gone throngh. 



KENT FINES, 14 EDWARD II. 269 

Isabella and to his heirs by her ; but if none, then aftei* their deaths 
to remain to the right heirs of Stephen. 

GGG. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 14— Betw. 
Stephen de la Dane and Isabella his wife (by John Preket in place of 
Isabel hi)^; 7/^., and John Pope, of Petham, and Alice his wife Jefts., of 
8^ acr. land, and a moiety of 1 acr. of wood, with appurts., in Petham. 
John and Alice admit it to be the Eight of Stephen ; and John, for 
himself and his heirs, grants to Stephen and Isabella and to the 
heirs of Stephen ; for which concession John and Alice receive 100s. 

667. At AVestminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 14— Betw. Alan 
Toy pit., and Thomas Say and Johanna his wife defts., of 7 acr. land, 
with appurts., in Eokyngge. Thomas and Johanna admit it to be the 
Eight of Alan ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Johanna, grant 
to him and to his heirs, and receive 40s. for the concession. 

668. At "Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A° 14— Betw. John 
Tancray and Alice his wife pits., and Walter de Shorne and John 
de Sancto Nicholao, of the Isle of Thanet, clefts., of the Manor of 
Betlessangre next Northbourn', with appurts., and the advowson of 
the Churches of Betlessangre and Brerefreyston'. Eight of Waller ; 
for which admission Walter and John de Sancto Nicholao grant to 
John Tancray and Alice for their lives, with remainder after their 
deaths to John de Marny and Johanna his wife and to his heirs by 
her ; but if none, then after their deaths to remain to the right 
heirs of John Tancray. 

669. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A° 14— Betw. 
Eichard la Yeille pit., and John de Handle and Matilda his wife 
defts., of 40 acr. land, with appurts., in AVestgrenewych'. Right of 
Matilda ; for which admission John and Matilda, for themselves 
and the heirs of Matilda, grant to Eichard for life, by the ser- 
vice of one marJc per annum. After his death to revert to John and 
Matilda and to the heirs of Matilda, quit of the heirs of Eichard. 

670. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A" 14— Betw. John 
de Bokloud' and Johanna his wife (by Walter de Neuill' in place of 
Johanna) pits., and Edmund Polle deft., of the Manor of Boklond', 
with appurts., and the advowson of the Church of said Manor. 
Eight of Edmund, who, for the admission, grants to John and 
Johanna and to his heirs by her ; but if none, then after their deaths 
to remain to Laurence son of said John and to his heirs. 

671. At Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A° 14— Betw. 
Thomas de Dels pit., and Henry de Burn' and Egliua his wife 
defts., of 1 mess., 203 acr. land, 9^ acr. mead., 117 acr. past., 55 acr. 



270 KENT FINES, Idi EDWARD II. 

wood, 77a-. lid. rent, and rent of 8^ quarters of barley, 21 quarters 
of oats, 40 pounds of cheese, 18 cocks, and 100 hens, with ajipurts., 
in Bisshoppisburn', Kyngeston', Bereham, Bregge, Patrikesburn', 
Welle, Litlcburne, Sheldon', Dele, Monyugham, Werehorn', and 
Eokyngge. Eight of Thomas, who, for the admission, grants to 
Henry and Eglina and to his heirs by her ; but if none, then after 
their deaths to remain to George de Burn' and to the heirs of his 
body ; but if none, then after the death of Greorge to remain to 
John his brother for his life, with remainder after his death to the 
right heirs of aforesaid Henry. 

Endorsed : — " John de Bourn', Parson of the Church of Sner- 
gate, asserts his claim, etc." 

672. Afc Westminster, Octave of St. Hilary A° 14— Betw. 
Thomas de Delce and George de Burn' 2?7ifs., and Henry de Burn' 
deft., of 1 mess., 114 acr. land, G acr. wood, 16s. 7^d. rent, and rent 
of 4 quarters and 6 bushels of barley, 2 quarters of oats, 1 cock, 23 
hens, and 180 eggs, with appurts., in Dodynton', Tenham, Milstede, 
and Oteringgedene. Right of Henry, who, for the admission, grants 
to Thomas for his life, to hold of Henry and his heirs by service of 
6 marJcs per annum. After the death of Thomas to remain (by ser- 
vice of a rose at Nativity of St. John Baptist) to aforesaid George 
and to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then after the death of 
George to remain (by like service) to John his brother for his life, 
with reversion after his death to aforesaid Henry and to his heirs, 
quit of the heirs of aforesaid Thomas, George, and John. 

Endorsed: — "John de Bourn', Parson of the Church of Sner- 
gate, asserts his claim, etc." 

673. At Westminster, Morrow of the Ascension of the Lord 
A° 14 — Betw. Thomas Poucyn pit., and William de Wilmyntone 
deft., of 1 mess., 25 acr. land, 3 acr. mead., 16 acr. past., 16 acr. 
wood, 16s. rent, and rent of 2 cocks and 10 hens, with appurts., in 
Chistelet. Eight of Thomas, who, for the admission, grants to 
William for his life, by service of a rose at Nativity of St. John 
Baptist. After his death to revert to aforesaid Thomas and to his 
heirs, quit of the heirs of William. 

674. At Westminster, Quiuzaiue of Easter A° 14 — Betw. Martin 
Erchebaud pU., and Juliana, who was the wife of William de Ley- 
burn', deft., of 2 gardens, 52 acr. land, 100 acr. marsh, and 5 marTcs 
rent, with appurts., in Wykham Brewose, Vill of St. Laurence, 
St. John in Thauet, Vppechirche, Eylmerstone, Ouerelonde, and 
Elham. Eight of Martin, who, for the admission, grants to Juliana 



KENT riNES, 14 EDWARD II. 271 

for her life, with remainder after lier death to John de Hastynges 
and Juliana his wife and to his heirs by her ; but if none, then 
after their deaths to remain to the right heirs of aforesaid Juliana 
who was the wife of William de Leyburn'. 

675. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A° 14 — Betw. 
Eichard de AVyghtrieheshamme and IsabelLa his wife, and James son 
of said Eichard (by Stephen Donet in place of Isabella and James) 
pits., and Thomas de Capella deft., of 2 mess., 3 tofts, 1 garden, 160 
acr. laud, 30 acr. wood, 120 acr. marsh, 34*. Ohl. rent, and rent of 
12 hens, and 60 eggs, 2 pounds of pepper and 2\ pounds of cum- 
min,* with appurts., in Wyghtricheshamme. Eight of Thomas, 
who, for the admission, grants to Eichard, Isabella, and James, and 
to the heirs of the body of James. And if it happen that James 
die without heirs of his body, then after the deaths of Eichard, 
Isabella, and James, to remaiu to the right heirs of said Eichard. 

676. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A° 14 — Betw. Mar- 
tin Erchebaud' pit., and Johanna, who was the wife of William de 
Leyburn', deft., of 1 mess., 272^ acr. land, 20 acr. mead., and 44 acr, 
wood, with appurts., in Bocton' Malerbe, and Eiarton' {i.e. Ejartou 
or Egerton). Eight of Martin, who, for the admission, grants to 
Juliana for her life, with remainder after her death to John de 
Hastynges and Juliana his wife and to the heirs of said John. 

677. At Westminster, Quinzaine of Easter A" 14 — Betw. John 
deMuseweir and Isabella his yaiie pits., and ffelicia Somery deft., of 
1 mess., 40 acr. land, 1 acr. mead., 11 acr. wood, 17 acr. heath, and a 
moiety of 2 miUs, with appurts., in Vlecumbe and Herietisham. 
Eight of flelicia, who, for the admission, grants to John and Isabella, 
and to his heirs by her ; but if none, then after their deaths to re- 
main to the right heirs of said John. 

678. At Westminster, Octave of St. John Baptist A° 14 — Betw. 
Eobert LajDyn and Johanna his wife pits., and Peter Grubbe and 
Johanna his wife defts., of 1 acr. of land, with appurts., in Hakyn- 
ton'. Peter and Johanna his wife admit it to be the Eight of 
Eobert ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Peter, remit and quit- 
claim to Eobert and Johanna his wife and to the heirs of Eobert, 
and receive for the remission etc. 405. 

679. At Westminster, Octave of St. John Baptist A° 14 — Betw. 
Thomas Groldyng' and Godeleua his wife pits., and Adam, son of 
Walter atte Ware, and Margeria his wife defts., of 1 mess., and 

* The herb and seed called '-011111™!!!." 



272 KENT FINES, 14 EDWARD II. 

10 aL'i'. land, with appufl.s., in Kecnluiv. Adam and Margeria admit 
it to be the Right of Thomaw ; and, for themBelves and the heirs of 
Margeria, grant to Thomas and Godeleua and to the heirs of 
Tliomas, and receive 10/. for the concession. 

GSO. At AVestminster, Octave of St. John Baptist A" 14-— Bet w. 
Henry de Babbynge 2)lt., and Richard Hauteyu and Leticia his 
wife (lefts., of 4 acr. land, with appurts., in Natyndon' next Canter- 
bury. Richard and Leticia admit it to be the Right of Henry ; and, 
for themselves and the heirs of Leticia, grant to him and to his heirs, 
and receive 100s. for the concession. 

GSl. At Westminster, Octave of St. John Baptist A" 14— Betw. 
John atte Halle, of La Newehethe, and Margeria his wife pits., 
and John le Ken, of Newehethe, and Beatrix his wife defts., of 
1 mess., and 1 toft, with appurts., in East Mallingge. John le Ken 
and Beatrix admit it to be the Right of John atte Halle ; and John 
le K., for himself and his heirs, grants to John atte H. and Mar- 
geria and to the heirs of said John ; for which concession John 
le K. and Beatrix receive 10 marks. 

682. At Westminster, Octave of St. John Baptist A^ 14— Betw. 
Simon Potyn, of Rochester, ^Z^., and Walter Breton' and Maria his 
wife defts., of 1 mess., with appurts., in Rochester. Walter and 
Maria admit it to be the Right of Simon ; and, for themselves and 
the heirs of Maria, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 10 
marks for the concession. 

683. At Westminster, Octave of the Holy Trinity A° 14— Betw. 
John Lucas, of Eynesford', senior, pit., and John Jour and Beatrix 
his wife defts., of 18 acr. land, with appurts., in Eynesford'. John 
and Beatrix admit it to be the Right of John L. ; and, for them- 
selves and the heirs of Beatrix, grant to him and to his heirs, and 
receive 10 marks for the concession. 

684. At Westminster, Quinzaine of the Holy Trinity A° 14 — 
Betw. Geoffrey, Parson of the Church of Codeham, and William de 
Torryng', chaplain, pits., and Geoffrey de Say and Idonia his wife 
(by Peter Rys in place of Idonia) defts., of the Manor of West- 
grenewych', with appurts. Right of Geoffrey the Parson, and Wil- 
liam, who, for the admission, grant to Geoffrey de Say and Idonia 
for their lives, with remainder after their deaths to Geoffrey, son of 
Geoffrey de Say, and to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then 
after the death of Geoffrey, son of Geoffrey de Say, to remain to 
Roger brother of Geoffrey, son of Geoffrey de Say, and to the heirs 
of his body ; but if none, then after the death of Roger to remain 



KENT FINES, 14 EDWARD II. 273 

to Ralph his brother and to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then 
after the death of Ralph to remain to the right heirs of aforesaid 
Greoffrey de Say. 

685. At Westminster, Quinzaine of St. John Baptist A° 14 — 
Betw. Walter de Iluntyngfeld' and Johanna his wife, and John 
their son (by Nicholas de Rysyng in place of said Johanna, and by 
the same Nicholas, guardian of said John, in his stend), pits., and 
Richard le Walshe deft., of the Manor of West Wykham, with 
appurts., and the advowson of the Church of said Manor. Right of 
Richard, who, for the admission, grants to Walter and Johanna 
and John and to the heirs male of the body of John ; but if none, 
then after the deaths of Walter, Johanna, and John to remain to 
the right heirs of Walter. 

686. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 1-1 — Betw. 
John, son of Adam le Mareschal, of Middelton', and Margeria his 
wiie pits., and Henry de Mottene deft., of 3 mess., 23 acr. laud, and 
pasturage for one horse and two cows, with appurts., in Middelton' 
and Bobbyng'. Henry admits it to be the Right of John, as that 
which he and Margeria receive in Court to hold to them and to the 
heirs of John. Henry receives for the admission etc. 20 marks. 

687. At Westminster, Morrow of Souls A° 14 — Betw. Andrew 
de Snakstou' and Johanna his wife pits., and Walter de fErendesbery 
and Emma his wife defts., of 1 mess., with appurts., in Maydenestan. 
Walter and Emma admit it to be the Right of Andrew ; and Walter, 
for himself and his heirs, grants to Andrew and Johanna and to the 
heirs of Andrew ; for which concession Walter and Emma receive 
20 marks. 

688. At Westminster, Morrow of Souls A° 14 — Betw. Robert 
le ffrensh' /)7/., and Thomas Smyth' and Dionisia his wife defts., of 
1 mess., and 2 acr. land, with appurts., in Aldynton' next Smethe. 
Thomas and Dionisia admit it to be the Right of Robert; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Dionisia, grant to him and to his heirs, 
and receive 100s. for the concession. 

689. At Westminster, Morrow of St. Martin A" 14— Betw. 
Walter, son of William Vppehelle, of Wy, pit., and John, son of 
Roger Heyward', of Wy, and Alice his wife defts., of 1 mess., 13 
acr. laud, and 2 acr. mead., with appurts., in Kenynton'. John and 
Alice admit it to be the Right of Walter ; and John, for himself and 
his heirs, grants to him and to his heirs ; for which concession John 
and Alice receive 20 marks. 

690. At Westminster, Octave of St. Martin A^ 14— Betw. 

TOL. XIV. T 



274 KENT FINES, 14 EDWARD II. 

Robert Allard'^)//., and Joliii lo Joygnour, of London, and Juliana 
his wife (lefts., of a moiety of 1 mill, with appurtt*., in Westgrene- 
wych'. John and Juliana admit it to be the Kight of Kobcrt ; and, 
for themselves and the heirs of Juliana, grant to him and to his 
heirs, and receive 10/. for the concession. 

691. At AN^estminster, Morrow of Souls A" 14 — Betw. Nicholas 
le Bret', of Romenal, and Agnes his wife (by Henry de Stureye in 
their stead) ^Z/s., and Thomas Snellyng' and Alice his wife (lefts., of 
5 acr. land, with appurts., in Lide. Thomas and Alice admit it to 
be the Eight of Agnes ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Alice, 
grant to Nicholas and Agnes and to the heirs of Agnes, and receive 
100s. for the concession. 

692. At Westminster, St. Michael in 3 weeks A" 14 — Betw. 
Thomas de Ispannia, of London, pit., and Stephen le Beek and 
Johanna his wife defts., of 1 mess., 40 acr. land, and rent of 6 
bushels of barley, with appurts., in Bereham and Deringgeston'. 
Stephen and Johanna admit it to be the Eight of Thomas ; and 
Stephen, for himself and his heirs, grants to him and to his heirs ; 
for which concession Stephen and Johanna receive 40 marks. 

693. At Westminster, Morrow of St. Martin A" 14— Betw. John 
de Toppesfeld' pit., and Eobert Barun, of Suthflete, and Johanna 
his wife (lefts., of 1 mess., 8 acr. land, and 12d. rent, with appurts., 
in Loudesdou' and Cobham. Eobert and Johanna admit it to be 
the Eight of John ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Johanna, 
grant to him and to his heirs, and receive lOZ. for the concession. 

694. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 14 — Betw. 
Nicholas Malmeyns and Alice his wife pits., and Eoger Buttetourt' 
deft., of 1 mess., 2 carucates of land, 6 acr. mead., 60 acr. wood, 
10 marks rent, and rent of 100 hens and 500 eggs, with appurts., 
in ffreuyngham, Drent' (read " Dareut' "), Suthflete, Stone, Holy- 
rode, Shanecuntewelle, and ffaukeham, and of the advowson of a 
moiety of the Church of aforesaid Vill of ffaukeham. Eight of 
Eoger, who, for the admission, grants to Nicholas and Alice for 
their lives, with remainder after their deaths to Thomas, son of said 
Nicholas, and to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then after the 
death of Thomas to remain to John his brother, and to the heirs of 
his body ; but if none, then after the death of John to remain to 
the right heirs of aforesaid Nicholas. 

Endorsed : — " Sara, daughter of William de ffaukham, asserts 
her claim." 

695. At Westminster, St. Michael in 3 Aveeks A° 14— Betw. 



KENT FINES, 14 EDWARD II. 275 

Thomas, sou of Eichard de Grauene, pit., and Thomas, son of Eobert 
Dod, of ffauersham, deft., of 1 mess., 70 acr. laud, 2^. rent, and 
rent of 3 quarters of barley, with appurts., in Haruhulle, Godeue- 
ston', Lodenhara, and fPauersham. Thomas sou of Eobert grants 
(by service of a rose at Nativity of St. John Baptist) to Thomas 
son of Eichard, and to the heirs of his body ; but if none, then after 
his death to revert to Thomas son of Eobert, and to his heirs, quit 
of other heirs of Thomas son of Eichard. Thomas son of Eobert 
receives 100 marks for the concession. 

696. At Westminster, St. Michael in 3 weeks AP 14— Betw. 
"William de Bywyndle and Isabella his wife pits., and Nicholas de 
Mordon', Parson of the Church of St. Nicholas of Saundreston', 
deft., of 1 mess., 30 acr. land, and 1 acr. mead., with appurts., in 
Leuesham. Eight of Nicholas, who, for the admission, grants to Wil- 
liam and Isabella and to his heirs by her ; but if none, then after their 
deaths to remain to Thomas son of John de ffoxle, and to John son 
of said Thomas, and to the heirs of said John (son of Thomas). 

697. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 14 — Betw. 
Thomas Jordan, of Maydenestan, pit., and Thomas de Husk' and 
Margeria his wife defts., of 4 acr. land, with appurts., in Maydene- 
stan. Thomas de H. and Margeria admit it to be the Eight of 
Thomas J. ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Margeria, grant 
to him and to his heirs, and receive lOO^. for the concession. 

698. At Westminster, St. Michael in 3 weeks A° 14— Betw. 
John de Cerne junior and Margaret, daughter of John de Leenham, 
(by William de Ferret in their stead) pits., and Margaret de Leen- 
ham deft., of the Manor of Case, with appurts. Margaret de Leen- 
ham admits it to be the Eight of John ; and, for herself and her 
heirs, grants to John and Margaret and to the heirs of John, and 
receives 1001. for the concession. 

699. At Westminster, St. Michael in 3 weeks A° 14— Betw. 
John Parker, pit., and John Strutard' and Alianora his wife defts., 
of 5 acr. land, 205. 5\d. rent, and rent of 10 hens and 60 eggs, with 
appurts., in Werehorne and Orlauston'. John S. and Alianora 
admit it to be the Eight of John P. ; and, for themselves and the 
heirs of Alianora, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 20 
marks for the concession. 

700. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 14 — Betw. 
Paganus Godwyn and Agnes his wife pits., and Arnaldus atte 
Meuth' and Johanna his wife defts., of 10 acr. land, with appurts., 
in Seuenak'. Arnaldus and Johanna admit it to be the Eight of 

T 2 



276 KENT riNES, 14 EDWARD II. 

Pagaiuis; and A rnaldus, for himself and his heirs, grants to Paga- 
nus and Agnes and to the heirs of Pagauus ; for wliich concession 
Arnaldus and .Tolianna receive 10 metrics. 

701. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 14 — Bctw. 
Richard Morcok', Ealph Morcok', and John Morcok', pits., and 
"William Morcok' deft., of 1 mess., and 16 acr. land, with appnrts., 
in Mereworth'. Eight of Ralph ; for which admission Richard, 
Ralph and John grant to William for his life, to hold of them and 
of the heirs of Ralph by service of a rose at Nativity of St. John 
Baptist, After his death to revert to Richard, Ralph and John and 
to the heirs of Ralph, quit of the heirs of William. 

702. At Westminster, St. Michael in 3 weeks A° 14— Betw. 
John Simond', of Clyue, pit., and Walter de Crowlonde and Agnes 
his wife defts., of 1 mess., 6 acr. land, and the third part of 1 acr. 
of mead, and of 20 aer. marsh, with appurts., in Clyue and ffrendes- 
hery. Walter and Agnes admit it to be the Right of John ; and, 
for themselves and the heirs of Agnes, grant to him and to his heirs, 
and receive 100*. for the concession. 

703. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 14 — Betw. 
Nicholas de Bello Loco pit., and Master John de Wynchelse, Parson 
of the Church of Xorthflete, and Simon his brother defts., of 1 mess., 
88 acr. laud, 1\ acr. mead., 2 acr. wood, 4| acr. marsh, and 8s. rent, 
with appurts., in Northflete. Right of Nicholas, who, for the 
admission, grants to Master John and Simon for their lives, with 
remainder after their deaths to Martin Seriant' {Serjanf) and Mar- 
geria his wife, and to the heirs of said Martin. 

Endorsed: — " Katerina atte Nobright' and Stephen her son 
assert their claim." 

704. At Westminster, St. Michael in 3 weeks A° 14— Betw. 
Thomas Colpeper and Margeria his wife pits., and Richard de 
Headen' and John Colpeper defts., of 2 mess., 2 mills, 405 acr. 
land, 20 acr. mead., 60 acr. past., 80 acr. wood, and 20s. rent, with 
appurts., in Peapymbery, Thonebregg', and Teudele. Right of John ; 
for which admission Richard and John grant to Thomas and Mar- 
geria for their lives, with remainder after their deaths to Walter 
their son, and to the heirs male of his body ; but if none, then after 
the death of Walter to remain to John his brother and to the 
heirs male of his body ; but if none, then after the death of John 
to remain to Richard his brother and to the heirs male of his body ; 
but if none, then after the death of Richard to remain to the right 
heirs of aforesaid Thomas. 



KENT FINES, 14 EDWARD II. 277 

705. At "Westminster, Morrow of St. Martin A^ 14— Betw. 
John de Graue pit., and Adam Cundy and Constance his wife clefts., 
of 8|^ acr. land, with appurts., in Lytlebourne. Adam and Con- 
stance admit it to be the Right of John ; and, for themselves and the 
heirs of Constance, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 100s. 
for the concession. 

706. At "Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 14— Betw. 
William de "Wenderton' and Cecilia his wife pits., and "Walter de 
Kemeseye, of Wengham, deft., of 40 acr. land, and the third part 
of 1 mess, and 3s. 3f(/. rent, and rent of 25 eggs, with appurts., in 
Adesham. Eight of Walter, who, for the admission, grants to Wil- 
liam and Cecilia and to his heirs male by her ; but if none, then 
after their deaths to remain to the right heirs of William. 

707. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A^ 14— Betw. 
Eobert Wateuyle pit., and John le Mareschal, of Lesnes, and 
Johanna his wife defts., of 1 mess., and 3^ acr. land, with appurts., 
in Lesnes. John and Johanna admit it to be the Riglit of Eobert ; 
and, for themselves and the heirs of Johanna, grant to him and to 
his heirs, and receive 101. for the concession. 

70S. At WestmiQster, Octave of St. Michael kP 14— Betw. 
John, son of Eichard Bonho, pit., and William Lytekyn and Eosa 
his wife defts., of 15 acr. land, with appurts., in Bonyngton'. Wil- 
liam and Eosa admit it to be the Eight of John ; and, for themselves 
and the heirs of Eosa, grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 101. 
for the concession. 

709. At Westminster, Morrow of St. Martin A" 14— Betw. 
Eichard Chareman^;Z^., and John Chareman and Johanna his wife 
defts., of 1 mess., 1 carucate of land, 12 acr. mead., 40 acr. past., 
15 acr, wood, 26s. ^d. rent, and rent of 2 pounds of wax and 3 
pounds of pepper, with appurts., in AYesterham. Eight of Eichard, 
who, for the admission, grants (by service of a rose at Nativity of 
St. John Baptist) to John and Johanna and to the heirs of the 
body of Johanna ; but if none, then after the deaths of John and 
Johanna to remain to John son of Adam Chareman senior, and to 
the heirs of his body ; but if none, then after the death of John 
son of Adam to revert to aforesaid Eichard and to his heirs, quit 
of other heirs of Johanna, and John sou of Adam. 

710. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A^ 14— Betw. 
John de Boycote, of Vlcombe, and Agnes his wife pits., and John 
le Knyght', of "Vlcombe, junior, deft., of 1 mess., 88 acr. land, 7 
acr. mead., 7 acr. wood, and a moiety of 1 mill, with appurts., in 



278 KENT FINES, 14 AND 15 EDWARD II. 

Vlcombe and Hedecron. Eight of John lo K., who, for the admis- 
sion, grants to John de B. and Agnes and to the heirs of said John. 

711. At AVestminster, Quiuzaiue of St. Michael A** 14 — Betw, 
John atte Loft, of Bexle, pit., and Robert Aunsel and Johanna his 
wife (lefts., of 1 mess., and Q\ acr. laud, with appurts., in Bexle. 
Eobert and Johanna admit it to be the Eight of John ; and, for 
themselves and the heirs of Johanna, grant to him and to his heirs, 
and receive 100*. for the concession. 

712. At "Westminster, St. Michael in 3 weeks A" 14— Betw. 
Thomas de Enybrok' and Alianora his wife ^;/^s., and William Bau- 
dethoun deft., of 1 mess., 176 acr. land, 16 acr. wood, 52s. rent, and 
rent of 5 cocks, 57 hens, and 350 eggs, with apj^urts., in Swynefeld' 
next Douorr'. William grants to Thomas and Alianora and to the 
heirs of their bodies ; but if none, then after their deaths to remain 
to the right heirs of Alianora. William receives 100 imirks for the 
concession. 

713. At Westminster, Quinzaine of St. John Baptist A° 15 — 
Betw. Master Eichard de Gloucestre^Z^., and Eichard Malemeyus, 
of Berkyng', and Edith his wife clefts., of 1 mess., 80 acr. land, 
35s. 2d. rent, aud rent of 10 hens, and 100 eggs, with appurts., in 
Wolewych'. Eight of Eichard M. ; for which admission he and 
Edith grant to Master Eichard for his life, with remainder after his 
death to John, Parson of the Church of Herdyugton', Adam son of 
Katerina de Sancto Albano, and Nicholas brother of the said Adam, 
and to the heirs of the body of said Nicholas ; but if none, then 
after the death of Nicholas to remain to Eichard his brother aud to 
the heirs of his body ; but if none, then after the death of Eichard 
to remain to John his brother aud to the heirs of his body ; but if 
none, then after the death of John to remain to Margeria daughter 
of John de Gloucestre, and to her heirs. 

714. At York, Quinzaine of Easter A° 15 — Betw. William 
Symuud', of Clyue, aud Eosa daughter of Henry Stonhard',j!;/?^s., 
and Henry Stouhard', of Hegham, aud Alice his wife defts., of 2 
mess., 2 tofts, 13 acr. 3 roods aud 7 parts of 1 rood of land, 4^ acr. 
mead., and 3^ acr. marsh, with appurts., in Hegham aud Clyue. 
Eight of Henry ; for which admission Henry aud Alice grant to 
William aud Eosa aud to the heirs of Eosa. Aud Henry, for him- 
self and his heirs, guarantees it to William aud Eosa and to the 
heirs of Eosa. 

715. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A° 15— Betw. 
Martin G-erueys and Johanna his wife pits., aud Aruald atte 



KENT FINES, 15 EDWAllD II. 279 

Meuthe and Johanna bis wife defts., of [1] mess., 92 acr. land, 8 
acr. wood, 3*. rent, and rent of 2 hens, with appurts., in Seueuok'. 
Right of Martin ; for which admission Martin and Johanna his 
wife grant to Arnald and Johanna his wife for their lives, by ser- 
vice of a rose at the Nativity of St. John Baptist. After their 
deaths to revert to Martin and Johanna his wife and to the heirs 
of Martin, quit of the heirs of Arnald and Johanna his wife, 

716. At AVestminster, St. Michael in one month A° 15 — Betw. 
Henry de Saucta Ositha pit., and Geoffrey de Ely, chaplain, cleft., 
of 2 gardens, 77 acr. land, 5 acr. mead., 2^ acr. wood, and 4 acr, 
heath, with appurts., in Derteford' and Wylmynton'. Greoffrey 
admits it to be the Eight of Henry ; and, for himself and his heirs, 
grants to him and to his heirs, and receives 60 marks for the con- 
cession, 

717. At Westminster, Quinzaiue of St. John Baptist A° 15 — 
Betw. John Viuian pit., and Richard de Est Halle and Margaret 
his wife defts., of 1 mill, 80 acr, laud, 13 acr. mead., 20 acr. wood, 
10 marks rent, and rent of 120 hens and 400 eggs, with appurts., in 
Est Hair, St. Mary Creye, Orpintou', Doune, Codeham, Ocolte, 
Hese, ffarnebergh', Petham, and ffrenyngham. And subsequently, 
St. Michael in one month same year, after the death of aforesaid 
John Viuian. — Betw. "William, Henry, Thomas, John, Hamo, and 
Richard, sons and heirs of the aforesaid John Viuian, and the afore- 
said Richard de Est Hall' and Margaret, of the aforesaid tene- 
ments, with appui'ts., which are of " G-auelkynd' " tenure. Richard 
and Margaret had admitted it to be the Right of John ; and Richard, 
for himself and his heirs, granted to John and to his heirs ; for 
which concession Richard and Margaret received 100/, 

718. At "Westminster, St. Michael in one month A" 15 — Betw. 
John, son of "Warin atte Celer, and Isabella his wife pits., and 
Clement atte Halle, of "Woldham, deft., of 40s. rent, with appurts., 
in Speldhurst'. Clement admits it to be the Right of John ; and, 
for himself and his heirs, grants to John and Isabella and to the 
heirs of John, and receives 10 marks for the concession. 

719. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A^ 15— Betw. 
Thomas de Tonyford' and Isabella his wife ^^Z/'s., and William de 
Kemesyng' deft., of 179 acr. and 3 roods of land, 2 acr. and a moiety 
of 1 rood of mead., 1 acr. and the 4th part of 1 rood of wood, 
10s. 0\d. rent, and rent of 16 hens, 1 cock, and the 4th part of a 
rent of 1 cock, and a moiety of 1 mess., with appurts., in Reculure, 
Heme, Bisshoppeston', Chistelet', and Westbere. Right of Wil- 



280 KENT FINES, 15 EDWARD II. 

liam, who, for tlie admission, grants to Thomas and Isabella and to 
the heirs of Isabella. 

720. At Westminster, Morrow of Souls A° 15 — Betw. John, 
son of Thomas Bedel, of Snaue, pit., and John Wynter, of Suaue, 
and Johanna his wife defts., of 7 acr. land, with appurts., in Snaue 
and Orlaston'. John W. and Johanna admit it to be the Right of 
John son of Thomas ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Johanna, 
grant to him and to his heirs, and receive 100s. for the concession. 

721. At Westminster, Morrow of Souls A° 15 — Betw. William 
atte Childryn pit., and Roger de Craye and Juliana his wife (lefts., 
of 1 mess., 30 acr. land, 2s. 4^/. rent, and rent of 4^ quarters of bar- 
ley, 1 cock, and 15 hens, with appurts., in Bokton' under the Blen, 
Grauene, and Harnell'. Roger and Juliana admit it to be the Right 
of William ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Juliana, grant to 
him and to his heirs, and receive 20/. for the concession. 

722. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A« 15— Betw. 
Roger Sterre, of Loudon', fishmonger, pit., and Hugh, son of 
Robert Coteman, and Johanna his wife clefts., of 3 acr. land, with 
appurts., in Plumstede. Hugh and Johanna admit it to be the 
Right of Roger ; and, for themselves and the heirs of Johanna, grant 
to him and to his heirs, and receive 20 marks for the concession. 

723. At Westminster, Octave of St. Michael A" 15— Betw. 
Robert de Pesyndenne jjZ^., and Laurencia de Pesyndenne deft., of 
17 acr. land, with appurts., in Wryghtricheshamme. Laurencia 
admits it to be the Right of Robert ; and, for herself and her heirs, 
grants to him and to his heirs, and receives 100s. for the conces- 
sion. 

724. At Westminster, Morrow of St. Martin A^ 15— Betw. 
Hamo Wymond' and Elena his wife pits., and John Wymond', of 
Chystelet, deft., of 1 mess., and 8^ acr. land, with appurts., in Recu- 
lure, Heme, and Westbere. Right of John, who, for the admis- 
sion, grants to Hamo and Elena and to his heirs by her ; but if 
none, then after their deaths to remain to the right heirs of Elena. 

725. At Westminster, St. Michael in one month A° 15 — Betw. 
Robert Herberd', Parson of the Church of Boctou' Alulphi, pit., 
and Robert de Houkynge and Agnes his wife defts., of 23 acr. land, 
and 1 acr. wood, with appurts., in Boctou' Alulphi. Robert de 
Houkynge and Agues admit it to be the Right of Robert Herberd' ; 
and Robert de Houkynge, for himself and his heirs, grants to 
Robert Herberd' and to his heirs ; for which concession Robert de 
Houkynge and Agnes receive 20 marks. 



( 281 ) 



CHRIST CHURCH, CANTERBURY. 

Chronological Conspectus of the existing Architecture, attempted, 
for use at the Meeting of the Kent Archceological Society, 
on the 27th July 1881, 

BY W. A. SCOTT ROBERTSON, 

HO>fORARY CANON. 



PEE-NOEMAN. 

In the Crypt, 7 feet from the west wall of the 
central limb, or Nave, are two coigns of 
unnsnally large masonry, which face each 
other, north and sonth. Each coign is 
bounded on the west by a vertical joint five 
feet in height. 

The Crypt's West Wall contains some rubble 
work, which Mr. James Parker assigns to 
a very early period. This rubble was hid- 
den by plaster and whitewash until the 
present month of July 1881 ; when they 
were scraped off by direction of the Dean. 

EAELY NOEMAN. 

A.D. In the Nave, Lanfranc's plinth remains, in situ, 
^^'^ in the north and south walls. Above the 

j^Qyy plinth, Lanfranc's small blocks of Caen 

stone are seen, worked up into the walls at 
a later period. Similar examples of Lan- 
franc's work remain in the Western 
Transepts. 
In the Crypt, but not visible, are foundation piers 
of Lanfranc's central tower. The width 



282 cniiisT cuuiiCH, Canterbury. 

A.D. of liis Crypt is preserved in a fragment at 

1070-7. ^]^Q ^gg^ gjj(j^ narrower than Ernulf 's ; but 

it is cased with Ernulf's masonry. 

In the Cloister's eastern wall, a doorway near its 
north end ; and, above that doorway, three win- 
dows of the old Dormitory (now the Library), 
are ascribed to Lanfranc. 



109G In tlie Crypt, the whole of the round-arched 
to masonry is the work of Prior Ernulf ; 

directed by Archbishop Anselm. 

1100 In the Choir Aisles, Eastern Transepts, and 
to Chapels of St. Andrew (Noi-th) and St. 

Anselm (South), the work of Priors Ernulf 
and Conrad remains in the outer walls. 

Euins of the Inpirm art's west gable, and south arcade. 

Ernulf's " dark entry " to the Cloisters, from the 
east ; and the lower part of the gallery over it, 
between the Dormitory (now the Library) and 
the N.E. transept. 

Eemains of monastic Kitchen, in the house of the 
Archdeacon of Canterbury (the Bishop of Dover). 

LATE NOEMAN. 

Circa In Ernulf's Crypt, sculpture added upon the piers* 

1135 Qji^ capitals ; the western doorway inserted 

^, gr near the N.W. Mural paintings added, in 

the Chapel of St. Gabriel, and on the vault 

of the ambulatory east of the Lady Chapel. 

In St. Anselm's Chapel carved capitals and bases. 

The Treasury (now tlie Vestry of the Dean and 
Chapter), furnishes the earliest example, here, of 
diagonal ribbed vaulting. 

Circular Lavatory tower (beneath the CaroHne Font, 
N. of the ISr.E. transept), with early ribbed 
vaulting ; built by Prior "Wybert. 

On the Transept Towers (attached to the eastern 
transepts, on their western sides) the three upper 

* Mr. Loftus Brock thinks that the carved shafts are Roman work. 



CHRIST CHURCH, CANTERBURY. 283 

Circa courses were added. The Infirmaet Chapel 

-^•^■^ was built. 

, "* Gri'een Court Gateway, north- west of the G-reeu 
to 
WQ^ Court (the room above it was added, later). 

PoBCH & Staircase (north of the Court Gate), lead- 
ing originally to the North Hall, or Aula Nova, 
but now to the King's Schoolroom. 

Pentise Gate-Hall, now absorbed in the house of 
the Archdeacon of Canterbury. 

Cemetery Gate, now standing at the entrance to the 
Bowling-green. 

TEANSITIOIST, from round, to pointed arclies. 

1175 Choir Arcades and Vaulting, as far as the east 

*o end of the Eastern Transepts ; and all the 

upper portion of the exterior walls of the 

Choir, are the work of William of Sens 

(architect). He likewise made several 

insertions in the southern chapel of St. 

Anselni ; less in the northern chapel of St. 

Andrew ; and in Ernulf's Crypt he added 

four strengthening piers. 

1179 Trinity Chapel (east of the Choir), and the 

to Corona or Becket's Crown, with the crypts 

1 -I D_i _ ' '' •■• 

beneath them in which the round abacus 
makes its first appearance, are the work of 
another architect, "William the English- 
man." 

FIRST POINTED, or EAELY ENGLISH, STYLE. 

1226 The Cloister's north wall (being the south wall of the 

to Eefectory), with its mural arcadiuar, its strins; 

12Sfi . 

course o£ siuik panels, and its two handsome 

doorways, was built while John de Sittingbourne 

was Prior, when either Stephen Langton or 

Eichard Grant was Archbishop. The triple- 

arcading over the doorway into the Martyrdom 

(S.E. of Cloisters), overlaid and spoiled by later 

vaulting shafts, is of the same date. 

Stained glass, in two windows of the north aisle of 

the Choir, in Trinity Chapel at the north-east, 



284 CHRIST CHURCn, CANTERBURY. 

A.D. in the central window of Becket's Crown, and 

1226 detached portions in the Transepts, Choir 

- nnn Clcrestory, and great west window, are probably 

of this date. 

1205. Tomb of Archhishop Hubert Walter, may be in the south 
wall of Choir ; or it may be on the south of Trinity 
Chapel, generally called the Tomb of Theobald. 

Circa The Archbishop's Chair, called the Patriarchal 

1-wO. Chair of St. Augustine, is believed to have been 

made in the time of Stephen Langtou (probably 

for the great ceremony of inaugurating Becket's 

Shrine). 

1228. Tomb of Archhishop Langton in St. Michael's Chapel. 

1236 The Infibmaet Cloister's south alley, between the 

*° Lavatory tower and the Infirmary, was probably 

built while Eoger de la Lee was Prior. Bihlio- 

theca Hoioleiana now stands over this alley, 

where the Prior's Chapel originally stood. 

1254. Western doorway of the Prior's Chapel, now the 
entrance to Bihliotheca Howleiaiia, was built ; 
probably by Roger de St. Elphege before he 
became Prior. 

SECOND POINTED, or DECOEATED, STYLE. 

1285 Ruins of north end of Chekee building, spanning 
^° the eastern alley of the Infirmary Cloister. 

Wall, north-west of the Deanery garden (adjacent 
to the dining-room), formerly part of the 
great barn for hay. 

1292. Tombs, of Archhishop PecJcham, in the north-west 
transept ; and of the Countess of Athol, 
south-east of Ernulf's Crypt. 

1304 Choir Screens, north and south of the Choir, 
^^^^ were built by Prior Henry of Eastry. His 

western screen is now hidden by the stalls 

of the Dean and Chapter. 
Chapter House doorway, bench-table, mural 

arcading, and all the walls below the level 



\^m¥m^,X__^^ 






Bi^f^^eBniaAK: 




.HE ARCHBISHOP'S "PATRIARCHAL"CHAIR, IN CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL. 

( DATE CIRCA *^.D.I220.1 



Whjteman^Bas3,/yi<?&-ZiiAo. London 



CHRIST CHUECH, CANTEEBURT. 285 

^■D. of the sills of the ffreat windows are like- 

''^* wise the work of Prior Henry of Eastry. 

1317 Brewhouse (now the Choir School), with its porch, 

to and its Granary beside the " Forrens Grate " 

1S20 

on the north side of the Green Court. 

1327. Tomb of Archbishop Beynolds, in south aisle of Choir. 
1333. Tomb of Archbishop Meop1iam,\na.\^\e south-east of Choir. 
1336. WiXDOW in south wall of St. Anselm's Chapel, S.E, of 

the Choir. 
1342. Refectoet or the Infiemaet, now divided into 

dining and drawing rooms in the house of the 

Archdeacon of Maidstone. 
Ruins of fine north window in the Chancel of the 

Infirmary Chapel (in front of the house of 

Canon Thomas). 

1348. Tomb of Archbishop Stratford, in the Choir, south of 

the altar-steps, adjacent to carved and coloured 
DIAPER work, of this period, which adorned 
St. Dunstan's Shrine. 

1349. Tomb of Archbishop Bradwardine, of which portions 

remain in the south wall of St. Anselm's 
Chapel, S.E. of the Choir. 

THIED POINTED, or PEEPENDICULAE, STYLE. 

1370 In the Ceypt, the Black Prince's Chantry (now 
^^*i the antechapel of the French Church) ; and 

the Lady Chapel screens and reredos. 
In Trinity Chapel, the tomb of the Black Prince. 

1379 Nave, doorway at north-west corner, built by 
Archbishop Sudbury, whose arms are carved 
upon the west corbel of its hood. Through 
him and Prior John Finch, the western 
bays of the Nave v/ere likewise erected, 
probably by Chillenden before he became 
Prior. 

1382. Tomb of Archbishop Sudbury, in the Choir, south 
of the Presbytery. 



to 
1381 



286 CHRIST CHURCH, CANTERBURY. 

A.D. Nave and Western Transepts, completed by 
13S2 Prior Cliillendon, assisted by Archbishops 

1400 Courteuay and Arundel. 

Stained glass in the great west window of the 
Nave is of this period, but fragments of 
earlier glass have been inserted. 
Chapter-house boarded roof, large windows, and 
upper part of walls are the work of 
Chillenden. 

1395-6. Tomb of Lady Moimn of Dunster, erected by herself, 
iu the Crypt, in the south screen of the Lady 
Chapel. 
1396. Tomb of Archbishop Courtenay, in Trinity Chapel, east- 
ward of the Black Prince's tomb. 
1397 The Cloistees, vaulting and window-like screens, with 
to four doorways in the western alley, and two in 

the eastern alley (one at Ernulf's dark entry, 
and another at the slype), are mainly Chillen- 
den's work ; one alley of the cloister was built 
at the expense of a legacy left by Archbishop 
Courtenay, in 1396. 

The Baptistery, sometimes called Bell Jesus (erected 
over the circular Norman Lavatory tower), to- 
gether with the roof and windows of the 
gallery by which it is approached from the 
Library (originally the Dormitory) and from 
the north-east transept, are Chillenden's work. 

In Ernulf's Cetpt, Windows with Perpendicular 
tracery. 

St. Michael's Chapel (also called the Somerset, or 
the Warrior's Chapel), in the south-west tran- 
sept ; with a vaulted chamber above it, now 
used by the organ-blower and bell-ringer, for- 
merly the Armoury, and at one time the Singing 
School. 

The Infirmary's West Doorway ; and, north of it, the 
Prior's Doorway (with panelled jambs, and 
tracery iu spandrels), on east side of the 
Infirmary Cloister. 

Western arches inserted within the Norman arch of 



CHRIST CHURCH, CANTERBURY. 287 

A.D. the great Court Gate (N.W. of the Green 

^^' Court) ; also a chamber over that gate, and the 

■tA-io Porter's Lodge beside it on the south, now form- 

ing part of the Auditor's house. 
Wooden Pentise (now in a garden) from that gate to 
the house of the Archdeacon of Canterbury ; and, 
in that house, the chambers called Paradise and 
Heaven, over the Norman Pentise gatehall, were 
erected by Chillenden. 

1425 Tomb of Henri/ IV. and Queen Joane, on the north 
to side of Trinity Chapel. 

14do. Tomb of Margaret Holland, and her husbands (the Earl 
of Somerset, ob. 1410, and the Duke of Clarence, 
ob. 1421), in St. Michael's Chapel (S.W. tran- 
sept). 

1433-5. In Trinity Chapel's north wall, the Chantry of 
Henry IV., with fan vaulting. 

Circa Western Screen at entrance of the Choir. 
1434-50? 

1440-3. Tomb of Archbishop Chichelei/, north of the Choir. 

1440 " Oxford Steeple," of Archbishoj) Chieheley 
to (south-west of Nave) ; called also (from a 

bell therein) " Dunstan's Steeple." 



Circa St. Mary's Chapel, in the north-west transept, 
1449 
to 
1468. Prior Goldston I. 



called also " The Dean's Chapel," built by 



1454. Tomb of Archbishop Kemp, south of the Presbytery. 
Circa Stained glass in the great north window of west 

1480-5 ? Mural painting of the History of St. Eustace, in the 
north aisle of the Choir, near the E. transept. 

1485. Tomb of Archbishop Bourgchier, in the Choir, north of 
the Presbytery. 

Circa The Peiob's Gateway built, contiguous to the Gloriet. 
1486-9. "West door inserted in the Martyrdom (N.W. tran- 
sept), and a north-east door inserted in Ernulf's 
Crypt. 



288 CHRIST CHURCH, CANTERBURY. 

A.D. Central Tower (called Angel Steeple, and Bell 



1495 
to 



Harry Tower), raised to a total lieig'bt of 
]^5Q3 235 feet, with Caen stone and Mersthani 

stone. Near its summit are carved the 
armorial bearings of Archbishops Morton 
and Warham. Buttressing arches were 
inserted between the tower piers, in the 
Nave, to supj)ort the additional weight. 
Upon them are carved the motto {Non nobis 
Domine, &c.) and the badge (two gold stones 
between the letters T. G. P[rior]) of the 
second Prior Goldston. 

1495 Tomb of Archbishop Ilorton, constructed during his 

*o lifetime, on the south side of Ernulfs Crypt. 

1500. •'^ 

Circa In the Deanery, tlie entrance hall with an oriel window 

1495 in it, and another in the drawing-room above it ; 

^^ ^ one tower in the centre of the east front, and 

another at the south end, with stair turrets, were 

built by Prior Goldston II. 
1517. Christ Church Gateway, the principal entrance to 

the Precincts, erected by Prior Goldston II. 
A lantern, above Becket's Crown, was begun about this 

time ; but the work was abandoned after a few 

courses had been built. 
1532. Tomb of Archbishop Warham, in the N. wall of N.W. 

transept, east of and adjacent to that of Arch- 
bishop Peckham. 
1558. Tomb of Cardinal Pole, in Becket's Crown. 
1567. Monument of the first Dean, NicJiolas Wootton, N.E. 

of Trinity Chapel. 

1570. Deanery gables added, and its upper portion rebuilt, by 

Dean Godwyn. 

Monuments. 

1571. Udo Coliguy, Cardinal Chastillon (Trinity Chapel, S.E.). 
1592. Sir James Hales and his widow (Nave, N.E.). 

1597. Dean Bogers, Bishop of Dover (Dean's Chapel, N.). 
1609. Lady Thornhursi (St. Michael's Chapel, N.). 
1614. Bohert Berkeley (Nave, S.E.). 



CHEIST CHURCH, CANTERBURY. 289 

1615. Dean Nevil and his brother (Dean's Chapel, E.), re- 
moved from the south aisle of the Nave. 

1619. Dean Fotherhy (Dean's Chapel, S.W.), carved with 

skulls and human bones. 

1620. Dorothy, Lady Thornliursi (St. Michael's Chapel, N.E.). 
1625. Dean Boys (Dean's Chapel, S.E.), with books turning 

their backs to the wall and edges to the front on 

shelves in his study. 
1627. Sir Thomas TJwmJiurst (St. Michael's Chapel, N.). 
1632. Colonel PnuJe (St. Michael's Chapel, N.W.). 

1636. Font consecrated by the Bishop of Oxford. It was a 
gift from John Warner, Bisliop of Rochester 
(founder of Bromley College), who had been a 
prebendary of Christ Church. Torn down by 
the Puritans, its fragments were preserved by 
Soraner, and re-erected by Bishop Warner, in 
1662, upon the north side of the Nave, near the 
north-west door. It was removed to the Bap- 
tistery in 1787. 

1662. The Wooden Dooes in Christ Church Gateway were 
made in the time of Archbishop Juxon, whose 
arms are carved upon them. 

1663-77. Stalls of the Dean and Chapter, at the west of the 
Choir, were ei'ected in the time of Archbishop 
SJieldoii, whose arms they bear. 

1748. The fragment of a lantern base, on Becket's Crown, 
was finished off as at present, at the expense of 
Captain Humphry Pudner, E.N., who likewise 
gave £400 for the improvement of the Oegan. 

1828-31. The Archbishop's Throne and the Eeredos of the 
Choir were built by the late Mr. George Austin. 

1832-4. North- West Tower was rebuilt. 

1865-8. The new Library and the Staircase to the North- 
East Transept were built from designs of Mr. 
Harry G. Austin. 

1879. New Choir Stalls were carved from the designs of 
Sir G. Gilbert Scott. 



TOL. XIT. 



( 290 ) 



INVENTORIES OE PARISH CHURCH GOODS 
IN KENT, A.D. 1552.* 

[Stone next Darfford Inventory — continued.'] 

Item on bible of the large volume & a paraphrases of Erasmus 

Item ij pillowes of downe for th'altaer covered with grene silke 

Item on surples 

Memorandum {endorsed) : — Dertford xxiij Nov. vj Ed. VI — 
All goods conteyned in Inventory of iij Ed. VI are in this, 
and bene delyvered to the churchwardens, excepte on cope 
dun sylke on other of black silk, a vestment of the same 
sute, a vestment of white satten on corporax with the 
clothe one to well iij alter clothes one care clothe one f runte 
clothe on Rochett a crismatorie of tynne and a Bason & an 
ewer of pewter declared to be stoUen 

STEODE— xxiiii July vi Ed. VI. 
Lyonell Newman and Eichard Medcalf, churchwardens 

.... the churche goods of Strode afforesaid beyng vewed 
and surveyd of newe by the said commyssiouers and also 
comytted to the custodie of the said churchwardens savely 
to be kepte to be forthcoming at all tymes when . . . 
shalbe requyryd and wh . . . was praysed by the said 
churchwardens and John V(?)ernard and William Hylton 
paryshoners of Strode afforesaid as the particulers here- 
after wrytten more playnly doythe appere 

Imprimis a cope of reyd velvett xij s. 

Item a cope of whyte damaske xiij s. iiij d. [daf eccli'e'j 

Item a cope of blacke velvett iiij s. 

Item ij old coo]3es of sylke viij s. 

Item a vestment of reyd velvett xiij s. iiij d. 

Item two vestments j for the deacon and an other for the 
sub-deacon of rede velvett xxvj s. viij d. 

* Continued from Vol. XI, p. 416. 



INVENTORIES OF PARISH CHURCH GOODS. 291 

Item an old vestment of wliyte damaske iij s. iiij d. 

Item an old vestment of black velvett ij s. viij d. 

Item an olde vestment of blew xvj d. 

Item iij old vestments remaynyng in tliands of John Ffadyane 

and Ricbard Arcbipole layte churchwardens of Strode 

afforesaide iij s. 
Item a herse cloyth of silk iiij s. [daf eccWe] . 
Item vj old towells vj s. viij d. [dat' eccWe] 
Item iij old alter cloy the s ij s. 
Item iiij old surplics iiij s. [daf ecdVe] 
Item ij corporas cases with cloy thes xx d. 
Item a cloythe for the high aulter of yalow and blew sylk 

vj s. viij d. [d.af eccWe] 
Item ij old latten candilsticks vj d. 
Item a chalasse of sylver and a cover weyng tenne onnc's di 

at iiij s. viij d. the ounce xlvj s. viij d. 
Item an other chalasse of sylver with a cover parcell gylte 

weyng- ffourteyn ouncs thre quarters at vs. the unce 

iij li. xiij s. i d, ob. 
Item iiij belles in the Stepill 
Item a lytill sanctus Bell 

[Endorsed] Out of the particulers within wryttyn the 
said Commissioners have appoynted and delyvered 
unto the sayed churchewardens to the use and 
behoof of the said churche for thadministracon 
of the Sacraments and Commyn Prayers to be 
ministred and used in the same churche theis par- 
ticulers following 
First a cope of whyte damaske 
Item a vestment of whyt damaske 
Item a cope of reyd velvett 
Item a vestment of reyd velvytt 
Item a herse cloythe 
Item iij surplics 
Item ij chalasses 
Item ij alter cloythes 
Item a cloythe to hang before the Table of yalowe and blew 

sylke 
Item two of the best toAvelles 

u 2 



292 INVENTOUIES OF PARISH CHURCH GOODS 

SUTTON AT HONE— XXIII November vi Ed. VI. 
George Alen and Thomas Boreman, cliurchwardens 

First iij clialic's Avith iij patents the best with the patent 
parcell gilte by estymac'on xvj ounc's the second chalice 
with the patent parcell gilte by estymac'on viij ounc's 
the iij''*^ chalice with the patent parcell g-ilte by 
estymac'on vij ounc's 

Item iij bells suted in the Steple and a dolly ng bell iij 
saeryng- bells in the Quere and a platter of pewder 

Item ij cruetts and a crismatory of led 

Item iij copes on of white damaske and red imbrothered with 
images and flowers 

Item the ij*^*^ of g-rene silk and blewe swannes imbrothered 

Item the third cope of blacke Russells imbrothered with 
white and red Imagerye on the back 

Item vij vestments the beste of satten of Bridgs imbrothered 
with swannes and gold thred, the second on the same 
coloure embrothered with barnacles heds on the brest 
and back 

Item the third of blewe satten silke and red imbrothered 
with the name of Jesus and images of aungells the 
iiij''^ of blacke chamblett imbrothered with silke and 
thred and ymagerie of the same 

Item the v^i' of chaungeable silk verged with whit silk and 
blew 

Item the sixte vestment of braunched satten imbrothered 
with lyons of gold and thred, the vij^'' of gold and thred 
very old 

Item vj albes to the saide vestments of playne cloth 

Item V hangyngs for thalter the beste of cremysen velvett 
the frenge of the same white red and grene silk servyng 
the nether parte of the alter the second of white and 
grene satten the frenges of the same grene threde and 
white of woUen 

Item the thirde to hange above the colonres white and grene 
satten and frenged with grene and white woUen thred 
with thymage of the Trinitie embrothered with gold 
thred the iiij"^ of blewe satten of bridgs with thymags 



IN KENT, A.D. 1552. 293 

of St. John om- Ladye and St. Michell with sterres of 
gold with a frenge of grene and whit silk and ij curteyns 
of red and grene silke 
Item iiij old cusshings ij of velvett both imbrothered with 

gold 
Item the thirde of cloth of gold, and the iiij^'' of grene 
Item V coprax cases, the beste of black satten imbrothered 
with purfell gold the second of tawney satten perled 
with gold the thirde of cremsen velvett the iiij*'' of 
tynsell satten with the Vernacle imbrothered with gold 
and silke the v*'' of cloth attisshne 
Item iij Corpraxes of playne Ipmen cloth 
Item vj alter clothes, ij of hoUand cloth thother iiij playne 

lynnen cloth 
Item iij to wells of diaper, and iiij hand towells of lynnen 

cloth 
Item a vayle of lynnen cloth, ij surplesses, ij rochets of 

lynnen 
Item a crosse cloth with a frenge of blewe and yelowe 

changeable silk 
Item a herseclothe of black cotton with a crosse of white 

sarcenett 
Item a sepnlcre cloth of red tuke 
Item on Bible, and a paraphrasis of Erasmus 
[Endorsed] Dartford xxiij November vi Ed. YI. Mem : All 
goods entered in the former inventory are in this and 
are now delivered to the church war deiis to answer the 
same 
" Except ij old hangyngs of grene and red silke ij towells 
presented unto the said Commyssioners by the othes 
of the said churchwardens to be stollen and also 
excepte a crosse of copper and somewhat gilt iij 
candlestikks of latten and a candlestikke of vbraunches 
and on paire of censers of latten presented by thothes 
&c. to be sold by the said churchwardens with the 
consent of the parishoners there &c. for reparacion 
of the chiu'che " 



29i< INVENTORIES OF PARISH CHURCH GOODS 

SWANNYSCOMBE— XXIII November vi Ed. VT. 

Georgo Watson, ciu-cate ; William White and Joliu 
Pustrell, churchwardens 

First one chalice with the patente of silver weyiiig xj ounces 

Item iij bells of brasse suted in the steple 

Item j corse bell of brasse 

Item on paire of censers of latteu 

Item ij caudlestikks of latten, and on crosse of copper 

Item ij holywater stokks thone of latten thother of lede 

Item one bible, and one paraphrasis of Erasmus 

Item one cope of red satten imbrothered with grene satten 

Item ij vestments, on of blacke saye crossed with red saye 

thother of white ffustyan crossed with red silke with 

stoles phannells and iij albes to the same 
Item V old vestments of silk all worne and litle worth 
Item ij surplesses of lynnen cloth and iij clothes for the 

sepulcre of red and yelowe saye a canapie cloth of 

painted lynnen 
Item iiij pillowes to knele upon and ij cusshings 
Item ij crosse clothes thone of blewe silke and thother of dun 

silke 
Item iiij banner clothes and ij stremers of painted cloth 
Item a cloth of dornyx to hange before thalter 
Item a new paynted clothe to hange before thalter 
Item iiij corpraxes and iij corprax cases 
Item on old herse cloth of silke 
Item a cloth for the lecturne of painted lennyn cloth 

[Endorsed] Dartford xxiij Nov. vi Ed. YI. Mem : All the 

goods named in the inventory taken iii Ed. YI are also 

in this, and are now delivered to the churchwardens to 

answer the same 

" Excepte on cope of grene satten on vestment of red 

satten on p . . nted clothe ij houselyng towells iiij 

dyaper alter clothes ij herse clothes iij corprax cases 

presented to the saide Commysioners by thothes of 

George Watson curate there and of the churchwardens 

to be stoUen And also excepte on chalice of silver 



IN KENT, A.D. 1552. 295 

parcell gilte with the patente cont. ix ounces iij 

quarters declared to be sold with the cousente 

of the parishoners and employed upon the necessarie 
reparacons of the churche " 

SWYNFELD— V December vi Ed. YI. 

Kichard Collard and John Boden, churchwardens; 
Richard Sjmon and Nicolas Stokes, inhabitants 
First one chalice wayeng vj unces. 
Item a vestment of blak velvet embrodered with gold thred 

with thapparell 
Item a vestment of red damaske with a crosse of blak velvet 

with thapparell 
Item a vestment of red satten a bredgs with a crosse of grene 

sattjn -vvith thapparell 
Item a vestment of whit Ijnen cloth with a crosse of blew 

say with thapparell 
Item a vestment chekerd with red velvet and grene and blew 

with a crosse of branchez of gold threde 
Item a vestment of blew say crossed with sattyn a brydgs 
Item a vestment of whit ffustyan crossed with red say 
Item iij copez branched with gold threde the one blak velvet 

another white fustyan and the third of blew and yelow 

say 
Item a holy cloth made of red and grene tafPeta one surples 

ij rotchets iij alter clothez a bason and ewer of lattyn 

a holy water stope ij candelstiks of lattyn iij bells 

ij little bells iij fronte clothez and an old lampe 
Mem : Stolen one surples 

TESTON^— IX December vi Ed. VI. 

Edward Wotton, vicar ; Richard Coveney and James 
Kirwen, churchwardens. [The Commissioners were 
Sir Thomas Wyatt, Sir George Harper, George 
Gierke, and Thomas Henley.] 

Imprimis in the steple three belles 
Item an olde silke coape 

* Laiid Revenue Records, bundle 1392, file 69, No. 1. 



29G INVENTORIES OF PARISH CHURCH GOODS 

Item a vestymente of silke 

Item twoo other vestyments and an albe 

Item a crosse cloathe 

Item twoo olde canapies 

Item one towell a vaile cloathe 

Item a crosse of coj)er 

Item twoo pixes of tynne 

Item a censure of latten 

Item twoo candelsticks made for alters 

Item twoo corporaces 

Item mony due to the churche by Richarde ffoster parochioner 
there iij s. ix d. 

Item John Wademan parochioner there owithe iij s. iiij d. 

Item John Pankas owithe iij s. iiij d. 

Item the late widowe of Walter Beache nowe the wiff of 
Thomas Oliff owithe vij s. vj d. 

Item there is in the saide churche a booke namede the Bible 

Item there is a boke of the newe Service 

Item one other booke namede the paraphaces 

Mem : that in the fyrste Inventary taken beinge in the 
fyvethe of Aprill in Anno tercio Regni Regis predicti 
theire was a chalice of Silver weyinge eight ounces 
whiche saide Chaleys liethe in pledge for xxvj s. viij d. 
that was borowede to the paymente of very nedefull 
charges don uppon the saide Churche and the steple 
theireof as it ys knowne to the Inhabitants of the saide 
parishe 

by me Edwarde Wotton Vicar 
Rychakd Coveney 

"^[in the Hundred of Twyfoed] — 

IX December vi Ed. VI. 

Christopher Lyster, minister ; Thomas Jeffery, Michael 
Cowper, churchwardens 

redde, two copes of whyte damaske with 

pyctures thereon, one vestment of whyt satten^ Item 

* The name of this parish is now illegible ; it may be either Hunton, Yald- 
ing, East Peckham, Nettlested, Wotringbury, West Farleigh, Harden, Brenchley, 
or Tudeley. 



IN KENT, A.D. 1552. 297 

one vestm . . . . , Item .... vestment of cliekar, Item 

one vestment of redd saye, , Item one blewe 

, Item one vestment of chaungeable blew with 

a whjt crosse, Item one vestment with, a blew crosse 

, Item one vestment with a blew crosse wrytten 

with the of Walter Sheryngton, Item one 

vestm with a whyte crosse, Item two tunacles of 

whyte starre vestment , one cope of 

braunches of blewe satten of brygs, sylke cope 

imbrothered with grene, of whyte sylke 

wroughte work, Item sylke, Item two sylke 

Item one crosse of copper gylt with a foote 

Robert Wells late chnrchwarden one vestment 

two tnnacles of therof sold with one ...... 

naymed sold by hym for tenne pounds in the 

handes of the said Robert accompted for. In 

witness whereof, &c., &c. 

WAREHORNE— II December vi Ed. VI. 
Thomas Dane, curate ; William Blacke, Christofer 

Katerman, churchwardens ; Richard Gybson, 

parishioner 
Fyrst two chalesys of silver xxij ounces Item a cope and a 
vestment of clothe of golde, Item a blacke vestment of 
saten, Item a hole sute of sylke, Item two copes, and 
two vestments bade gere. Item seven awterclodes, and 
eyght towells. Item a crosse clothe of sylke, and another 
clothe of sylke, and a clothe of tewke [i.e. tuke], Item 
fower surplecys, thre pyllowes, and a lent clothe. Item 
a shete with a red crosse, and thre lytle courtens of 
whytclothe. Item a corporas, Item two pecys of torchys. 
Item a shete that coverythe the fonte. Item two olde 
chests. Item two sheners [i.e. censers] of brasse, and a 
basen. Item two payer of organes. Item two lattyn can- 
delstyckes. Item fower bells in the Steple, Item a saunce 
bell, and a hande bell, Item a water stope of brasse, 
Item two coverledds 



298 INVENTORIES OF PARISH CHURCH GOODS 

WESTWELL— III December vi Ed. VI. 
Henry Maynwaryng, vicar ; John Sliarpe and Robert 
Myllen, churchwardens ; John Eygden, parishoner 

Imprimis one chalyce of silver parcel gylt xix unces 

Item a crosse of coper and gylte 

Item a crosse of latyn 

Item V copes, one crymsyn velvet, one purple velvet, one of 
grene sylke, two olde copes of sylke 

Item V vestyments, one crymsyn velvet, one purple velvet, ij 
of olde sylke, another of sylke ymbroydred with swannes 

Item iij tunacles of sylke 

Item a canape clothe of grene sylke 

Item ij crosse clothes and one stremer all iij sylke 

Item one pylowe of sylke 

Item ij laten candylstycks called standerrs weying Ix pounds 

Item one braunche of latyn of v peces 

Item Ix boUes of latyn that bare the beam lyght"^ 

Item one holy water stop of laten 

Item a payer of Organs 

Item iiij ryngyng bells in the bell howse 

Item one bellf over the Chauncell 

Item vj aultar clothes, and v towells 

Item ij smalle handbells 

Item ij cruetts of tyn or lede 

Item yt the pyxe was sold to John Taylor for five shelyngs 
the ounce for to paye Jerram Oxunbrege of Canterburye 
for helygge Marye Hovendens legge sold by John Sharpe 
and Robert Myllyn the pyxe weing ix onces sold for 
xlvs. the seconde of August anno 1552 

WEST WYKHAM— XXIII November vi Ed. VI. 
John Brigett and Robert Cawstone, churchwardens 
Eirst one chalice of copper all gilt with a patente of silver 

parcell gilte waying ij ouncs 
Item on other chalice with the patente of silver and parcell 
gilt waying x ouncs 

* On the rood-loft. f The Sanctus bell. 



IN KENT, A.D. 1552. 299 

Item a pix of latten with a lynnen cloth thereto made after 

a net facion 
Item a crismatorj and on cruett of pewder 
Item a crosse of latten with a crosse staffe half latten 
Item iij litle towells for thalter, a cope of red silke with a 

border with images imbrothered with silke 
Item ij candlestikks for thalter of latten whereof one broken 
Item a bible of the greatest volume, and a paraphrasis of 

Erasmus 
Item iiij grete bells suted in the steple, and a Saints bell of 

brasse 
Item on holy water stoppe of latten 

[Endorsed] Dertforde xxiij November vj Ed. YI. Memo- 
randum : All goods in the inventory of iij Ed. VI are in 
this, and are now delivered to the churchwardens to 
answer the same 
" Excepte iij corprax cases a vestment of tawney vellet a 
vestment of blewe silke a vestment of grene sarcenett 
on cruell ij old alter clothes of diaper iiij j)layne alter 
clothes a f runt clothe of grene and red satten a bridgs 
a f runt cloth of white silk iiij towells a cope of red 
silk with silk hangyng a border of blewe satten a cloth 
for weddings and churchings ij surplesses a litle 
siu'ples for the dark presented unto the saide Com- 
myssioners by thothes of the saide churchwardens to 
be stoUen and also excepte one chalice with a patent 
of silver parcell gilte that was broken waying xj 
ounces di presented to be sold by the saide church- 
wardens with the consent of the parishoners there 
and employed about the necessarie reparacions of the 
parish church " 

WILLESBOEOWE— III December vi Ed. VI. 

Sir Clement Stapleton, vykar ; Eichard Hall, church- 
warden ; Robert Master, William Hall the elder, 
and John Norden, parishioners 

First one challeys parcell gjlt weying xiij oz. and quarter 

Item one crosse of copper being gylded 



300 INVENTORIES OF PARISH CllURCn GOODS 

Item a crosse staff of latten and a crosse clothe of grene 
sylke 

Item one old crosse of lattyii 

Item a cliesebyll of baudkyn silk with a cope ij tunycles of 
the same and the vestyments to them belongyng 

Item a cope of crymsyn velvett with spleyd Egleys of gold 
and silk also a cliesebyll of like velvett with angells and 
flouers of gold and silk with a vestyment therto be- 
longyng 

Item a cope of blewe sylke with byrds of gold with a chese- 
byll ij tunycles and vestyments to them belongyng 

Item a whyte chesybyll of silke with byi'ds of sylk and other 
fl&owers, one tunycle and one vestyment theirto be- 
longyng 

Item a chesybyll of blewe damask with a vestyment theirto 
belongyng 

Item fyve old chesybylls of bustyan and fustyan with vesty- 
ments theirto belongyng 

Item thre old copys beyng old and ij old chesybbles and ij 
old tunycles 

Item vj altar clothes ij of dyaper and fouer of pleyn clothe 

Item iij long towells, one of dyaper and ij of pleyn clothe 

Item ix hand towells to serve at the alter 

Item fyve banner clothes of lynen being paynted 

Item a vayle to serve in Lent to hang in the Quyer 

Item fyve corperes with cases for them 

Item ij cuverletts the one red the other blewe 

Item iij surplycs and ij rochetts 

Item a clothe called the holy clothe 

Item ij lattyn candelstykks 

Item a basen and ewer of lattyn 

Item iij old smalle cochens 

Item f ower great bells in the Steple 

Item iij small bells called Sacryng bells 

Item one payer of sencers of lattyn 

Item one bell being called a hand bell stollen out of the 
wyndowe of the churche 

Mem : Sold of the Juells and ornaments in the Inventory 



IN KENT, A.D. 1552. 301 

mencyoned by Richard Hall diurchewarden of the seyd 
parish of Willesborowe hereafter mencyoned 
Fyrst sold one clialleys being doble gilt waying xiiij ounces 
and di to William Hall thelder for vs. viij d. le ounce 
and sold to hym one paxe waying iiij ounces di for 
V s. viij d. le ounce. Also sold to William Hall the 
yonger one altar clothe of satten of bridges for x s. 
whyche thyngs were sold for the reparacyone of the 
churche the xxvi*'' of September the vj*'' yere of Kyng 
Edwarde ye Sixt 

The reparacyon of the churche ys in Shinglyng and ledinge 

Syr Clement Stapylton vycar 
Robert Master the elder 
Jhon Norden 
by me Wyll'm Hall 

WITTERSHAM— II December vi Ed. VI. 

William Parmenter, curate ; Robert Denney and 
Thomas Smyth, churchwardens ; John Baker, 
inhabitant 

First one chalice of sylver wayeng xii unc's 

Item a cope of red velvet 

Item one vestment of red velvett 

Item a hole sute of blew velvett 

Item ij vestments of white damaske, and a cope of the same 

Item ij other vestments 

Item ij other copez of grene and red bridgs satten 

Item iiij albez 

Item a canapy cloth of silke 

Item ij clothez to hang before the altar, the one of silk 

the other of lynen 
Item V altar clothez and vj towells 
Item a payer of old organys 
Item V gret bells and ij handbells 
Item ij candilstiks of lattyn 
Memorandum : there were stolen out of the churche there a 

holy water stop and a crosse of lattyn 



302 INVENTORIES OF PARISH ClIURCU GOODS 

WYLMYNGTON— XXIII November vi Ed. VI. 
Vincent Bawle and Anthony Pulter, churchwardens 

First on chalice with the patente of silver parcell gilte 

waying xij ounces 
Item on crosse of copper and gilte with on crosse cloth of 

grene sarcenett with on picture of St. Michell painted 

with gold and silver foyle the ffrenge therof yelowe and 

red silke 
Item on other chalice of copper and gilte 
Item on vestment with thapparell and an ames wrought 

with silk and gold wyer, with a crosse of blacke silke 

powdered with swannes of silver wyer lackyng thalbe 
Item on vestment of red with a crosse of blewe both righte 

satten with all thapparells and an ames to the same 

lackyng thalbe 
Item one vestment of bawdekpi white and blewe silke with 

one cross of red damaske with all thapparell with albe 

and ames to the same 
Item one cope of cremsen velvett with a border imbrothered 

with apostles and prophetts of silke and venys gold 
Item one corprax case of grene silke and gold with a crosse 

of venys gold on the foresyde, and on the baksyde of 

red silke imbrothered with a girdle of blewe silke and 

venys gold 
Item a frunt for tliighe alter of grene satten of bridgs 

frenged with whit red and yelowe silke and embrothered 

with flowers of Inks gold 
Item one alter clothe of diaper in lengthe iiij yards in 

bredth on yard di 
Item one sepulcre cloth of whit silke lyned with lynnen 

cloth 
Item one towell of lynnen wroght with blew threde in 

length iiij yards 
Item iiij bells suted of brasse in the Steple 
[Endorsed] Dartford xxiij November vj Ed. VI. Memorandum: 

All goods contained in the inventory of iij Ed. VI are 

in this, and are now delivered to the churchwardens to 

answer the same 



IN KENT, A.D. 1552. 303 

"Excepte one chalice with the patente of silver parcell 
gilte waying vij ounces ij candlestykks and one paire 
of censers of latten one procession bell and a saints 
bell of brass presented to the said Commysioners by 
the othes of the churchwardens to be stollen " 



WOLDHAM*— IX November vi Ed. VI. 

Thys is te vitaryf of the parryse of Wolldam made the ix 
daye of November in the vj yere of oure souerent lorde 
kynge Edward the vj 

Conrade Richardson, curate ; Jhon Boweman and 
Robert Yates, churchwardens 

Thys is the plate ij challesyse and them hafe we broken and 
made a coupe of y' for the receuynge of the communion 

Item a cope of blew dammast the whiche wase stollen wit 
other implements beynge upon the tabuU 

Item two vest}Tnents the one blew velvett en'broderettj and 
the other un'brotheryettj solid for xxvj s. viij d. Item 
solid a cannape clot§ of blew and red sattyn of bryggyse|| 
and the too hangyns of the allter of satynof brygegyse|| 
for xvj s. 

Item payde for Reparacyons of that monny for iiij lode of 
tyll and ij lode of lyme^^ xlj s. iiij d. 

Item solid iiij corporysses w' the closse"^* for v s. and for 
that we payde to the glassier where .... the thefes 
brackeft i^i Item solid iiij vestments for xvj s. Item for 
the tyllynge|J and wyttynge of the cherche and for a 
louke§§ with a kiey xxxvij s. xd. Item the seyde parryse 
owsejl II uu to the cherchewardens xxi s. ix d. Thereof we 
hafe lefel^H a crosse of copper a pere of sensers of copper 
and a pyx of lattyn wallued at iij s. And a sants bell 

* Land Eeccnuc Records, bundle 1392. file 70, No. 1. 
f The inventory. 

\ One embroidered and the other unembroidered. 

§ A canopy cloth. || Satin of Bruges. 

•jl Four loads of tiles and two loads of lime for the reparation of the church 
were paid for with that money. 

** Clothes, i.e. cases. f f Thieves broke in. 

\X Fur tiles on the roof, and white wash on the walls. 

§§ Lock with a key. |||J The said parish owes. ^^ We have left. 



304 INVENTORIES OF PARISH ClIURCU GOODS 

y* ia bassellyd awaye by M"" Jhon mon boeng then 
person^ 
Item there remaynet thre bells in the stepuU and of that we 
ow unto the eherchewardons xvij s. x d. 

By me Conbade Richardson curattf 



WOLWYCHE— XVI November vi Ed. VI. 

Richard Billyng-, curate ; Robert Parker and William 
Clarke, churchwardens 

First ij chalic's with the patents of silver parcell gylte 

waying viij ounc's di 
Item 3 candlestikk of latten 

Item iij bells of bell mettell suted hanging in the Steple there 
Item j little Saints bell of brasse hanging in the saide steple 
Item j olde cope of rede saye and j vestment of old bawdekyn 
Item j paire of organes 

Item one bible, and one paraphrasis of Erasmus 
Item one newe booke of the newe ordre of Service 
To be safelye kepte and preserved by the saide churche- 

wardens, &c., &c. 
Memorandum : One chalyce with the patente of silver parcell 
gilte apperteynyng to the saide churche and conteyned 
in the inventorye made A° iij"° of the kynges majesties 
reigne that nowe is remayneth in the possession of one 
Robert Cokks, here brewer, dwelling in Southwarke the 
weighte of the ounces wherof aperith not to the said 
comyssioners by reason that the saide Cokks is not 
.... hited within the saide countie 
Item j litle crowne of silver remayneth in the possession of 
Nicholas Boughton Esquyre executor unto Sir Edward 
Boughton knyghte 
[Endorsed] Estgrenewich xvj November vj Ed. VI. Me- 
morandum : All goods in the inventory of iij Ed. VI 

* A Sanctus bell was embezzled by Master John Mon (?) when he was the 
parson of the parish. 

f This cnrions example of the orthography of the period seems to be 
entirely in the handwriting of the parish priest Conrad Richardson. I have 
appended explanatory notes to several words, although probably some readers 
may consider them to be superfluous. — W. A. S. R. 



IN KENT, A.D. 1552. 305 

are contained in tliis, and are now delivered to the 

chnrcli wardens 
" Excepte one pix of silver iiij copes ij vestments with 
thapparell iij latten candlestikks and one albe pre- 
sented to be sold with the consent of the parishoners 
for the reparacions of the church and excepte some 
other things that were stolen " 

WYE — XXVII November vi Ed. VI. 

Thomas Sotheybye,cnTate; George Hall, Robert AUard, 
chm'chwardens ; Thomas Twysden, Thomas Serlys, 
Richard Martin, William Prowde, Nycholas Peers, 
Roger K}Tigeslande, Thomas Tylman, William 
Clyfton, Chrystopher Deale, Symonde London 
[parishioners named as witnesses to the correctness 
of the inventory] 
Eyrste two chaleses thone weying xij oncez di, and thother 

xiij oncez di 
Item two copes wherof one of clothe of golde and thother of 

clothe of tyssiie 
Item a snte of vestyments of the same 
Item a cope of redde velvett with golde 
Item a cope of blewe velvett with sheffes^ angells and egells 

of golde 
Item a redd cope of bawdekyn with braunches of golde 
Item a cope of whyte damaske with braunches of golde 
Item iiijo'" copes of bawdkyn with the Maydenhedf and 

pocockej of golde 
Item fyve copes iij of them white bawdekyn and ij grene 

bawdkyn 
Item one cope of blewe and whyte with braunches of gold 
Item an olde cope of grene bawdkyn with braunches of golde 
Item a sute of vestyments of blewe damaske 
Item a sute of vestyments of bawdkyn of white and redde 
Item a sute of blewe bawdkyn with braunches of golde 

* Wheat sheaves, heraldically called " garbs," which appear in the armorial 
bearins;s of Archbishop Kemp, who founded the College at Wye. 

f The head of the Blessed Virgin JIary. 

j A peacock. {Sre Lincoln Inventories. App* 203, edited by E. Peacock, in 
his book on Church Furniture.) 

VOL. XIV. X 



306 INVENTORIES OF PARISE CllUIlCn GOODS 

Item a sute of blacke satteii of brigges 

Item a vestymeute of redde velvett with slieves 

Item ij vestyments of white damaske, thone of the spleyde 
Egle, thother gyllowfer flowers of golde 

Item ij cople of vestures for the deacon, thone of the spleyde 
Egle, thother of bawdkyn with the lyon of golde 

Item one whyte vestymente of sylke with the lyon 

Item one vestymente of bawdkyn 

Item xj olde vestyments 

Item ij vestyments for the Lente 

Item iij albes 

Item ij corporas cases of clothe of golde with theire clothes 

Item iiij°'' other corporas cases with iij clothes 

Item a canape of blewe satten of bridges 

Item a palle of blewe damaske 

Item one aulter clothe of blewe and tawney velvett 

Item an aulter clothe of grene and redde sarcenett 

Item an aulter clothe of whyte fustyan 

Item vij aulter clothes of lynnen 

Item a fonte cloth with letters 

Item ij dyaper towells 

Item vj playne towells 

Item a lennen vele 

Item one coverlett 

Item iij cople of latten candelstycks 

Item one cople of lattyn candelsticks sylver fasshyon 

Item fyve greate bells, and a morowe masse bell 

The resydue of the Churche goods not comprysed in thys 
Inuentory parte therof namely the monstrance the 
pyxe the Crosse and the paxe of syluer conteynyng 
two hundred and thre unces and halff and half a 
quarter were sold by the parysshe at Whytsontyde was 
twelue monethe for v s. the unce the sum whereof aboue 
xiij unces and half and di. quarter deductyd for the 
refuse and yron amowntyd to xlvij li. x s., wherof ys 
bestowed by the parysshe about the reparac'ons of the 
churche as folowyth — : 

Fyrst to the Glasyers for repayryng the wyndowes v li. 

Item to the Plumer vs. vj d. 



IN KENT, A.D. 1552. 307 

Item the carpenters xxx s. 

Item to the Smythe xij s. 

Item to the Masons and Tylers xlv s. 

Item to the laborers xxiij s. xj d. 

Item to the Chnrche Wardens labors and ordynary charges 
liiij s. V d. 

Item for ropes and reparac'ons of the Bellys xxvij s. iiij d. 

Item for pryggs and Nayles vij s. iij d. ob. 

Item for tyle and festnes xxxiij s. iiij d. 

Item for Wood and Caryage xxxv s. v d. 

Item for lyme and Sand xxxvj s. iiij d. 

Item for Tymbre and Borde xx s. 

Item for lathe viij s. 

Item for Books of the churche xxv s. 

Item lost by the ffall of suche money as was hereof in ower 
hands at the tyme of the Kyngs two severall proklama- 
cons viij li. Sum xxxj li. iiij s. xj d. ob. 

The resydue therof remayneth towards the ffynyshing of the 
breche of the Steple 

And parte of the sayd churche Goods as to say xij alter 
clothes of dyaper two playne alter clothes v playne 
toweUs, and a shete were gyven by the parysshe in almes 
to the poverty 

And parte therof as to say, a snte of red damaske ij cor- 
poras cases of clothe of gold with ther clothes iiij 
alter clothes of red damaske an alter cloth of tawney 
damaske and blew satten an alter clothe of tawney 
and blew satten vij alter cloths of bawdekyn iij pyllows 
of cloth of bawdkyn one cnsshen of red satten a cover- 
lett and a carpett were stolen at suche tyme as the 
vestry was broken upp by theves. 



APPENDIX {September 1881). 

The foregoing Inventories of Parish Church Goods in Kent, 
A.D. 1552, have been collected into one volume, in the 
Public Eecord Office. This has been done since I wrote 
my "Introductory Notice" of them, in 1871 {Archceologia 

X 2 



308 



APPENDIX. 



Cantiana, VIII, pp. 74-99). My expression of regret 
(on the tliird page of my paper), that they had not been 
collected into a volume, contributed towards effecting 
this happy result. Several Inventories of earlier date 
have been bound up with them. They are still arranged 
in the order in which they were placed when in separate 
bundles ; and bear the numbers, from -^j- to ^-^j-, shewn 
in the following list. W. A. Scott Eobektson. 



13'^Beckenliam, aud Langley 
Park there, 28 Hen. VIII. 

13 St. Elpliy, Cauterbiuy 
1-i St. Paul, Canterbury 

15 Asliford 

16 Canterbury : viz., All Saiuts ; 

St. Mildred ; St. Mar- 
garet ; St. Mary Bredne ; 
Holy Cross ; Our Lady 
of Northgate ; Hospital of 
Eastbridge, and Hospital 
of St. John 

17 St. Martin, Canterbury 

18 Rochester Bridge Chapel 

19 Strood 

20 St. Margaret, E-ochester 

21 Kiugsuortb; Mersham ; Keu- 

iugton ; Sevingtou ; Wil- 
lesboro ; Hinxhill 

22 Eastwell ; Bougbton Alupb ; 

Crundale ; Brook ; "Wye 

23 Horton ; Stanford ; Stowt- 

ing ; Elmstede 

24 Chartliam ; Godmersham ; 

Challock ; Cliilham 

25 A Parish in the Hundred of 

Twyford 

26 Bethersdeu ; Shadoxhurst ; 

Hothfield ; Gt. Chart 

27 Ashford, goods sold (of In- 

ventory iii Ed. VI) dated 
20 Sept. vi Ed. VI 



28 St. Nicholas, Kochester 

29 Ightham 

30 Suave; Brenzett ; Snargate ; 

Fairfield 

31 Lympue ; Sellynge ; Bon- 

ington 

32 Dymchurch ; Burmarsh 

33 Bilsington ; Ruckinge ; New- 

church 

34 Padlesworth ; Elhani ; Ly- 

minge ; Postling ; Salt- 
wood ; Acryse 

35 Orlestone ; Warehorne 

36 Brookland 

37 Aldington; Smeeth 

38 Hastingleigh ; Bircholt ; Bra- 

bourne 

39 "Wittersham ; Stone ; Ebony 

40 Ivychurch ; St. Mary's in 

the Marsh ; Hope ; Mid- 
ley 

41 Cheriton; Hawkinge; New- 

ington ; Alkham ; Capel- 
fern ; Swyngfield ; Lyden 

42 Charing ; Pluckley ; West- 

well ; Little Chart ; Smar- 
den ; Egerton 

43 All Parishes in the Hun- 

dreds of Bromley ; Beck- 
enham ; Aston ; Lesnes ; 
Blackheath, and Hook- 
ysley (49 membranes) 



INVENTORY OF WINGHAM COLLEGE. 309 

* INVENTORY MADE AT THE DISSOLUTION OF 

WINGHAM COLLEGE, 
j suite of redd satten with lyons of gould the crosse of the 

vestmentes imbroidered with pearles with to the 

same but not of the same worke with albes and amitts 

and all that belongeth therunto 
ij Copes belonging- to the same of silke the ground being 

red with ostrich feathers of golde and flowers of greene 

the orfrayes of gold with images 
j suite of vestyments of white damaske with the crosse of 

redd damaske braunched with goulde with all things 

belongyng to the same with a coope of bawdkyn clothe 

with cyrcles and images 
iiij white copes of damaske with flowers and lyons 
j suit of vestyments of yeallow silke with flowers of greene 

and beasts of gould with a coope of the same and all 

things belonging to the same 
j suit of vestiments with a cope to the same of silke with 

beadys the crosses with the orfraryes of clothe of gould 

with all thinges belonging to the same 
j suite of vestiments of silke the grounde redd with braunches 

of blewe and flowers of gould with a coupe of the same 

of variable braunches and all things belonging to the 

same 
j suite of vestments of greene silke with ostriche feathers of 

white with all thinges longing to the same except ij of 

the 

* The late Eev. Mackenzie E. C. Walcott favoured me with 
copies of two Inventories, one from Wingham College and the other 
from Losenham Abbey, which, although they are not actually lists of 
Parish Church Goods in a. d. 1552, are yet so similar, and so illustrative 
of the subject, that I insert them here. The Inventory of Wingham 
College is in fact an inventory of ornaments used in the Parish 
Church of Wingham, although they did not technically belong to 
it. I have compai'ed Mr. Walcott's copy with the Inventory in the 
Lambeth MS., No. 1125, folio 222. 

The Church of Losenham Abbey at Newenden has entirely 
disappeared; nor does any fragment remain of the monastic 
buildings. I have corrected the proof of that Inventory by the 
original manuscript. — "W". A. Scott Robertson. 



310 INVENTOEIES OF WINGHAM COLLEGE 

j suite of vestments of blacke velvett with, crosses of cloth of 

silver with all thinges belonging to the same except a cope 

j vestiment and a tunicle of white satten with, popingoyes with. 

all thinges belonging to them 
j vestyment of redd velvett with the crosse of blewe damaske 

with all thinges belonging to yt 
j vestment of white damaske with a crosse of redd velvett 

with all thinges belonging to yt 
j cope of ould blewe velvett with, starres of goulde 
j vestyment and j cope of silke greene and redde with the 
crosse of blewe with one albe longing to it wyth a tunycle 
wanting both the albe and .... 
vestyment of silke with a crosse of redd damaske having 
the crucifix upon the back with all thinges belonging to yt 
j vestyment of wbite fustian with all thinges belonging to it 
j vestyment of redd with a crosse of blewe worsted used inLente 

ould cope of white sylke 
j vestyment of redd satten with a small crosse of golde want- 
ing both albe and .... 
j ould vestyment with a crosse of goulde 
ij cushions of ould sarsenet covered with blewe damaske 

embroydered with gould 
j aulter clothe of silke with white braunchis and fowles 

anlter clothe of white and redd damaske paned 
j aulter clothe painted with the image of S'' Nicholas 
ij anlter clothes of yellow silke 

j aulter clothe of white silke with a fruntlett of greene silke 
iiij anlter cloths of lynnen 
clothe for the rector's stoole 
cross cloth of greene sarcernet with the images of our Lady 

and the Trinity 
canabye clothe of redde silke with birds of gould 
vayle for Lent with ij Lenten aulter cloths with Jesus and 

a mother with Christ 
pillow upon the high aulter 
iiij curtens at the high aulter ij of olde clothe of golde and 

ij of sarcenett 
ij banners for Passion Sondaye 

ij ould Lenten clothes of our Lady aulter with an image of 
our Lady upon j of them sowed on 



AND LOSENHAM ABBEY. 311 

A Gospell booke covered with, silver plate with tlie image of 
Christ and the iiij Evangelists 

ij sylver sen sours with a shipp of silver 

ij chalices with a sacrament box of ivory elapsed with, sylver 

a trendle handle of silver 

a silver pax gilte with the image of our Lady 

a corporas case of clothe of gold with ij fyne corporaces 

ij corporas cases of velvet with the image of the crucifixe 
with ij corporaces 

corporas cases redd velvett with W. and B. of gould with a 
corporace 

ij course corporace cases with their corporaces 

a corporace case of redd velvett with imagery and Jhesus 
wi'itten with goulden letters with ij corporaces 

j crosse of silver and guilt enamelled with Mary and John 
For this crosse there is controversie between the College 
and the parishe ; for the CoUedge had the possession of 
the same crosse unto the feaste of Corpus Christi iiij 
yeares fully past att which, tyme when the priest had 
read tlie Grospell in the Roodelofte after that hee was 
returning with the said crosse Master Oxenden being 
then churchwarden called the clerke into the parishe 
chancell and tooke away tlie sayde crosse from the 
possession of the Colledge unto the feast of S. John 
Baptist last past. Att which tyme it was delyvered 
into the handes of James Hales Seriante at the Lawe 
hee to order the matter indifferently both, for the 
Colledge and also for the Parishe which as yett hath 
done nothing in the said matter 

3 paire of organs with, the Service bookes in the quier 

INVENTORY MADE AT THE DISSOLUTION OF 
ST. MAEY'S, LOSENHAM, CARMELITE FRIARY.^ 

[Founded by Sir Thomas Fitz Aucher, a.d. 1241 ; granted, 
6 & 6 P. & M., to Edmund and Henry Gilberd.] 

Thys stuffe longyd to y® howse of Whyte freers of Lossenam 
priseyd by sir John Wells parson of Newyngton & John 
Twysdon fermer ther, Harry Loys, Thos. Julyan, & John 
Hope 

* Public Record Office, Cluipter House Boohs, A. fx fol. 19 [formerly 309, fol. 19] . 



312 INVENTORY OF LOSENHAM ABBEY. 

Item a wliyte vestement syngyll v s. Item a blewe veste- 
ment vj s. viij d. Item another vestement with a chesea- 
bull iij s. viij d. Item ij cheseabulls xij d. Item other 
old hang-yngs & raggys viij d. Item a chales of xiiij 
line, price xlixs. Item vj small cussheyngs for y'= 
antor viij d. Item one other cussheynge viij d. Item 
iij old corporasses viij d. , Item v old shets ij s. viij d. 
Item a crosse with y*^ pertenans iij s. iiij d. Item iiij 
candelsteks vj s. viij d. Item a lytyll bell xx d. Item ij 
laten basons & an ewer xij d. Item ij candelsteks & a 
sokett viij d. Item ij chests ij s. Item ij old nowty 
pannys small xij d. Item a brasse pott small xx d. 
Item a broken fryyenge pan iiij d. Item xiij platters & 
iiij dyssheys vj s. viij d. Item a s^^yte viij d. Item an 
old brenyng pan ij s. vj d. Item y^ bell in y'= Stepull x s. 
Item an old coverlete xij d. Item ij old anter clothes 
iiij d. Item ij candelsteks yeron vj d. Item ij ladders 
vj d. Item y"^ hangyngs of y" Hall iiij d. Item an 
yearyn ij d. Item an old cope vj s. viij d. Item an 
old canapy stenyd & an anter clothe with a frontlet 
stenyd ij s. Item a halywater stop viij d. Item ij old 
f ederbedds with a bolster nowte vj s. viij d. Item certayne 
old clothes priceyde att xij d. Item a cupborde xij d. 
Item a boke of Catholycon iiij d. Item an old cheyer j d. 

Receynyd for hey xvj d. Item receyuyd for a tre of tymber 
xvj d. Item receyuyd for y"^ londe at mydsomer x s. 

Thys money spent for a prest & costs xv s. 

Mem. y*^ pasture &orcharde lettenfor vj s. viij d. tyll Crystemas 

Mem. rec** for y*' londe dewe at Myelmas next x s. & yt ys 
to be rememberyd y* j^ farmer hathe delyueryd hys 
lesse & must occupy y^ grounde tyll Crystemas w^^^owt 
ony more payment. 

Thys ys y<= hoU Inventory & rekeneyng off Lossenam & all 
thys stuff e aboue wryttyn restethe in the handds of 
John Twysdeyn except a chales & suche reseyts as be 
croste before in both indentures 
thys wytnes : — 

S^" John Wells person ther 
Henry Loys 
signed Jhon Twysden 



( 313 ) 



QUEEN IVIAEY'S EESPONSIBILITY FOE PAEISH 
CHUECH GOODS SEIZED BY KING EDWAED'S 
COMMISSIONEES. 

Among the records of Queen Mary's reign, I find some 
Accounts which shew how King Edward's Commissioners 
disposed of the parish church goods which they seized. 
These Accounts relate especially to parish churches in 
Canterbury, and to churches in the Weald of Kent ; but 
similar accounts were demanded from other districts by the 
Government of Philip and Mary. They issued a Commission, 
on the 18th of March 1556, for inquiry into all the accounts 
of church goods.* 

Amongst the results recorded, we find that chalices 
and other ornaments of Fraternities and Colleges were still 
in existence, and had never been brought into King Edward's 
Treasury. The plate and ornaments of Milkhouse Chapel, 
in Cranbrook, seem to have been actually intact. They were 
granted by Queen Mary to the Incumbent of that chapel, 
for use there again. 

Other records of Queen Mary's reign further illus- 
trate the exaggerated untruthfulness of allegations, of 
spoliation and embezzlement of parish church goods, made 
by Fuller, Strype, Southey, Froude, and a host of smaller 
writers against Protector Somerset, and the Government of 
King Edward VI. 

A letter written to Queen Mary's Commissioners, in 1556, 
by the Commissioners appointed by King Edward to survey 
all parish church goods in the Weald of Kent, is of great 
interest ; as it narrates their method of procedure. It will 
be found below, printed in extenso. 

The sale of parish church goods, early in the reign 
of Edward VI, was a purely parochial movement. It was 
not set on foot by the State, or King's Council; it was 
a local proceeding, resolved upon by the parishioners, 
of each place, in vestry assembled. Almost universal is the 

* Vide Patent Roll 2 and 3 Ph. and M., part 4, membrane ^^^ , dorso. 



314 QUEEN mart's responsibility for 

endorsement that the goods were " sold by the consent of 
the parishioners" {Arch. Cant., VIII, 129, 147, 150). The 
vestries also directed how the money should be applied for 
the good of the parish; generally it was spent upon the 
repair of the church. 

King Edward's Government stepped in to control this 
parochial movement ; in order that the property might not 
be wasted. The accounts which are printed below, shew 
that the major part of the church goods was thereby pre- 
served ; and that much of the money, obtained by sales of 
church goods, had also been kept in the hands of the church- 
wardens, and was accounted for by them to the Eoyal Com- 
missioners, as " stocks of ready money, in the church." 

King Edward died on the 6th of July 1553. The accounts, 
printed b^low, shew that the superfluous church plate, not 
required for the administration of Divine Service in the parish 
churches of Canterbury, was delivered to the Master of the 
King's Jewel-house, on the 1st of June 1553 ; that is to say, 
only five weeks before the King's death. The superfluous 
parochial church plate from the Weald of Kent was not 
delivered to that officer until the 16th of June 1553; less than 
three weeks before the death of King Edward. These two 
parcels of church plate contained 1331 ounces of silver, of 
which the greatest portion was also gilt. This mass of plate 
came from only two districts in one county. As a vast number 
of other districts, in this and other counties, delivered their 
parochial church plate' at the same time, the mass of treasure 
. thus accumulated must have been enormous ; and a very long 
period would be required to enable the officials to turn it to 
beneficial account. They needed special warrants, before 
they could dispose of it in any way. Consequently, it becomes 
obvious that the parochial church plate seized, from Kent 
and many other counties, was not disposed of by the Govern- 
ment of King Edward VI. It fell into the hands of Queen 
Mary ; and by her Government, undoubtedly, that parochial 
church plate must have been utilised. 

The more costly vestments, which were made of cloth of 
gold and tissue, were treated as "jewels," and were not per- 
mitted to be sold in the various parishes. They were collected 



CHURCH GOODS SEIZED IN A.D. 1553. 315 

from eacli district by Edward's Commissioners in ] 553. From 
Canterbury fourteen sucb vestments were sent to Arthur 
Stourton, gentleman, the proper official in London, on tbe 26th 
of May 1553; and those from the Weald were sent to him, 
somewhat later. That these costly vestments remained in the 
hands of Queen Mary's officers, as late as the year 1556, we 
learn from the letter of the Wealden Commissioners. Writ- 
ing in the third year of Queen Mary's reign, they say, " We 
now most heartily pray you again to hel]3 us unto them that 
we may deliver them to those chui'ches where we had them ; 
for we do understand that it is our sovereign lord and la.dy 
the king and the queen's majesties pleasures so to have it 
delivered." 

Queen Mary's Government is probably also responsible, 
although to a less extent, with respect to some of the money 
raised by the sale of superfluous goods and ornaments of parish 
churches. King Edward's Commissioners, for Canterbury, 
received from the churchwardens and others there no less than 
£92 16s. 8d., which had been safely kept by them from the 
proceeds of ornaments sold by order of the various vestries. 
The Commissioners themselves sold other ornaments and 
vestments to the value of £65 19s. 2d. They handed back 
to the various churchwardens £31 10s. Od., and they sent up 
to Sir Edmund Peckham, the King's Treasurer in London, 
£100,on the 1st of June 1553; fiveweeks before King Edward's 
death. Similarly, the Wealden Commissioners sent up, two 
weeks later, to the same official £27 2s. 8d., which had been 
delivered to them by the churchwardens as the proceeds of 
church goods sold by order of the vestries ; and £51 4s. 5d., 
realized by the Commissioners themselves from similar sales 
of church goods. 

The Canterbury Commissioners of King Edward had paid 
to the Treasury an even sum of £100, and they held a balance 
in hand. When Wyatt's rebellion arose, against Mary's 
marriage with Philip, the Corporation of Canterbury repaired 
certain breaches in their city walls ; and they considered 
that Queen Mary ought to allow them to expend upon this 
good work the balance in hand, from the sale of parish 
church goods. The Government of Philip and Mary, how- 



316 CANTEUBUllY CHURCH GOODS 

ever, decidedly refused to allow this; and tlie Canterbury 
Commissioners duly promised to hand over the balance, of 
£20 5s. lOd., to the use of King Philip and Queen Mary, on 
the 1 5th day of Easter terme, in 1557. 

Thus, even the ready money, realized by the sale of 
parish church goods, did not all go into the coffers of King 
Edward's Treasurer; some of it was claimed and used by 
Queen Mary. 

The list of sales, of Canterbury Church goods, shews that 
among the purchasers of the vestments were the ex-Prior of 
Folkestone Monastery (Thomas Barrett), the j)arson of St. 
Margaret's, the parson of St. Elphj^e's, and two Clerks in 
Holy Orders named William Cartyll and Thomas Smyth. 

The small instrument then called an organ, or "a pair of 
organs," is mentioned in this sale list. The most valuable 
was sold for six shillings and eight pence ; it came from St. 
George's Church. Three other such instruments were sold, 
at about live shillings each ; they came from the churches 
of St. Margaret, St. Paul, and St. Mary Bredman. The 
prices, thus realized, enable us to understand what miserable 
little instruments were then in use. 

CANTEEBUEY. (3 & 4 Philip & Mary.) 

[Land Revenue Eecoeds (in the Public Record Office): Church 
Groojis— Bundle 1392, Jile 75, No. 1.] 

The vewe of tli'accompte of Thomas Spilman Esquyer Thomas 
Preuche Nicholas Fyshe and G-eorge Maye aldermen of the citie of 
Canterbury commissioners for the sale of the chm'ch goods there 

taken by William Berners Thomas Myldema^ & John 

"Wiseman esqniers the Kinge and Q.ueiie theyr maiosties commis- 
sioners for that pnrjiose and others tlie xxiij"* of Pebruarj [a.d. 
1556-7] the iij^^'^ and fourthe yeres of [Philip and Mary^J 

Money rysing of the sale of thoruaments of parish" 

cliurches £65 19' 2* 

Stockes of redy money received out of the said parish 

churches 92 16 8 

Total £158 15 10 

Plate received iiii-^ iiij'^'^ xv oz. di. art- jgylte 224 oz. 

'' •' ^ { parcel) gylte 27l| oz. 

* The Arabic numerals are printed for convenience ; in the manuscript small 
Roman numerals are used throughout. 



SEIZED IN A.D. 1553. 317 

Ornameuts of Clothe of Golde and Tyssue (copes vestments & 
tunycles) from the parish churches of 

St. Mary Bvedman — 1 cope of white cloth of tissue. 

St. Paul — 1 cope of greue cloth of tissue. 

Holy Cross — 1 vestment of red tissue. 

St. Mildred — 1 cope of red tissue. 

All Sai)its — 1 cope of red tissue. 

St. Margaret — 1 cope of blewe tissue ; 1 vestment and 2 

tunacles of the same sorte. 
St. Elphye — 1 cope and a vestment of red tissue. 
Our Lady of Nortligate — One old cope of clothe of golde 

otherwise called Bawdekyn. 
St. George — 1 cope of red tissue and 1 chysable of blewe 

tissue. 



Total xiiij(^?^^^°^^^^'^^^'jfi^^- 
•^ [ lyssue xiij parcels. 



r Money £158 15 10. 
Sum op cuaeges< Plate 495f ounces. 

(^ Cloth of gold & tissue 14 parcels. 

"Whereof : Payed by the said accomptauts to thands of Sir 
Edmoud Peckeham knight by Indenture beriug date 1 June vij 
Edward YI— 

Of Stockes of money 40 3 ^al^inn 

Of & for sale of ornaments 59 16 4^ / 

Allowed vnto tbeyin for so moche plate delyvered to tliauds of 
Sir Frauncis Jobson knygbt thenne Master and Threasurer of 
the King's Juells & plate by indenture 1 June vij Edward YI 

488 ounces < ^^ *", i.'o/^k 

[ parcel gylt 2G5 oz. 

All the ornaments of Clothe of golde and clothe of Tissue above 
charged delivered to Arthur Stourton gentleman 26 May vij Ed- 
ward YI. — xiiij : — viz. Cloth of golde j cope ; Tissue xiij parcels. 

Also allowed money redelivered viz. to the churchwardens of St. 
Mildred's Ixs. ; All Saints' Ixs. ; St. Elphye Ixvj s. viij d. ; St. Mar- 
garet \\li. ; St. Paul liijs. iiij d. ; St. Greorge \xs. ; St. Peter \\s. ; 
St. Andrew iv li. ; Holy Cross Ix s. ; o^' Lady of Northgate xl s. ; St. 
Mary Bredney xxx s. ; in all as by several bills signed & sealed with 
the handes and seals of the churchwardens xxxj li. x s. 

Also they bene allowed for the expenses of the Chamberlyn of 
the said citie & others Ryding to London for the delyvery of the 
seid goodes money plate & juells to the king's use vij //. 

[^Tlie foUoioing paragraph (ivliich is historically valuable) has 
been erased by lines draini through if toith a j^en ; shewing that the 
demand teas not allowed.'\ 

Also they clemaunde allowance of & for so moche 
money bestowed and layed owte uppon the bylding 



318 CANTERBURY CHURCH GOODS 

and fortefyeng of certen places of the wallcs of the 
citie of Canterbry aforeseyd in the tyme of the 
Rebellyon of Wyatt by the concent of thole citie 
XX li, 

rMoney £138 10 

„ \ Plate 488 ounces. 

Sum of alloavances j ^^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^y ^ ^^p^_ 

(_ Tissue 13 parcels. 

And so remaineth in the hands of the said accountants : Money 
£20 5s. lOd. ; Plate 7f ounces parcel gilte which is allowed for 
lack of weight uppon the defacj'^ng of the plate by th'othes of 
th'aecomptants AVhiche some of xxli. vs. xd. we the seid commis- 
sioners doe knowledge and confcsse by theise presents to paye to 
the Kinge and Queues use the xv*'' of Ester terme next comyug. 

In witnes whereof we have subscribed our names the daye and 
yere above written. 

Thomas Feenshe. Nicholas Fysh. Gteoege Mate. 

[Land Eevenue Eecords : Church Goods — JBioidle 1392, 

Jile 71, No. 1.] 

The sale of the churche goods of all the parishe churches within 

the citie of Caunterbury as aperith by severall Inventories thereof 

taken by the Mayo*' of the citie of Caunterbury Thomas Spylman, 

Thomas Freuche, Nicholas Pishe and George Maye, comyssioners 

thei^eunto apoynted the xix*^^ day of May in the vij*^^ yere of the 

reigne of kyng Edward the sixte. 

Pirst sold to John Puller a sepulcre cloth of red & blak chamblett 
paned & a payer of Corteus of grene silk viij s. 

Item sold to John Puller one vestment of old cryrasyn velvett & an 
old fronte of silk for an aulter vj s. 

Item sold to William Batson a cope of blew damask old & a vest- 
ment of i-ed damask xj s. 

Item sold to the parsone of Seynt Margaretts ij vestments of white 
f ustyan xvj d. 

Item sold to hym a vestment of old dornyx viij d. 

Item sold to Sir William Cartyll clerk one vestment with deacon 
and subdeacon of old velvett xj s. 

Item sold to Christofer Dornewell ij old vestments iij s. 

Item sold to Thomas Smyth clerk Comyssary ij coopys of old white 
damask & a payer of Corteus of white silk vj s. viij d. 

Item sold to John Prenche a Cope a vestment with ij Tunycles & 
an old carpett xx s. 

Item sold to William Watson ij old coopys of bawdkyn viij s. 

Item sold to Eychard Asshenton a cope of blewe worsted x s. 

Item sold to William Watson an old vestment of Dornyx xa^ d. 

Item sold to the parsone of Seynt Margarett's a vestment of Say viij d. 

Item sold to Thomas Pryth a vestment and ij Tunycles of old vel- 
vett xiij s. iiij d. 



SOLD IN A.D. 1553. 319 

Item sold to Christofer Cornewell a cope of bauldkyn ij s. 

Item sold to William Dogrell ij coopys one of" white & another of 

grene & certcn corporas cases vs. 
Item sold to 8ii' William Cartyll clerk a vestment of whiteffustyau xijd. 
Item sold to Eobert Sethyng xxiij" peeces of paynfced lynnen cloth 

with ij payer of Say Corteus vs. 
Item sold to the parson of Seynt Elphyes an old vestment of crane 

color. 
Item sold to Nycholas Bremar a cope a vestment & iiij tunycles of 

white bawl'dkyn ij Cros clothes & ij old fronts for aulters xxvj s. 

\ijd. 
Item sold to Sir William Cartyll Clerk a vestment of my lord 

ffynenx gyfte iiij s. 
Item sold to John Bryght a vestment of Dornyx viij d. 
Item sold to William Watson an old vestment viij d. 
Item sold to William Dogrell an old white vestment viij d. 
Item sold to hym iiij old A'estmeuts vs. 
Item sold to Kobert Scott ij vestments & one tunycle of sattyn of 

bridges vj s. iiij d. 
Item sold to the parsoue of Seynt Elphyes iij vestments of old 

sattyn of bridges iiij s. 
Item sold to William Watson a vestment of fustyan xij d. 
Item sold to Hollys of Sandwyche ij old vestments ij s. 
Item sold to John a lye a cope of blak velvet with an orpheras of 

Bustyan viij s. 
Item sold to William Saunder ij copes & one tunycle of velvett 

xliij s. iiij d. 
Item sold to Sir William Cartyll clerk iij vestments of old white 

damask & blak vj s. viij d. 
Item sold to Nycholas Bremar a cope a vestmeiit & ij tunycles of 

crymsyn velvett a cope & a vestment of white damask & a cloth 

of grene & red silk 1 s. 
Item sold to John Byng ij coopys of red velvett &■ ij vestments of 

white damask xl s. 
Item sold to Peter Belsham a cope of white silk iiij s. 
Item sold to William Dogrell ij old coopys & vj vestments v s. iiij d. 
Item sold to William Barnes a cope xij d. 
Item sold to John Hopkyns a cope xij d. 
Item sold to William Watsou iiij Cros Clothes a payer of grene silk 

cortens with . . . ors & one Ironte with a frenge of silk vj s. 
Item sold to Leonard N orgrove a vestment of my lord Fyneux gyft 

& ij tunycles of lynnen cloth viij s. 
Item sold to Thomas Fryth a cope of white silk iij s. viij d. 
Item sold to Tbomas Cotland a vestment of my lord Fyneux gyft 

very old viij d. 
Item sold to Leonard Norgrove iij old vestments ij s. vj d. 
Item sold to hym a cope of White damask iiij s. 
Item sold to William Watson an old vestment vj d. 
Item sold to Thomas Bull & Thomas Eoberts one cope iiij vest- 
ments & iiij tunycles & an old canapy of yelow sylk xv s. 



320 CANTERBURY CHURCH GOODS SOLD IN A.D. 1553. 

Item sold to George Tofts ij coopys of sylk & ij freiiges for an 
aulter of old vclvett xx s. 

Item sold to Thomas at AVell an old cojie xij d. 

Item sold to the wyf of John Hopkyn one cope of Bustyan ij s. vj<?. 

Item sold to Christofer Evyngton gent a cope of white damask 
iij«. iiij(/. 

Item sold to Christofer Scott ij coopys of blewe velvett & iiij vest- 
ments xl s. 

Item sold to John Erenche one vestment of red damask iiij*. 

Item sold to Eychard Asshenton a cope of blew velvett x s. 

Item sold to Thomas Barrett ij Cros clothes a payer of white silk 
cortens a f route of grene sylk with letters of gold & a corporaa 
case of Tyssew vj s. viij d. 

Item sold to Barnard Bounard a cope a vestment & ij tunycles & 
an old canapy of Bawldkyn xij s. 

Item sold to Thomas Barrett a cope a vestment & ij tunycles of 
blewe damask xxvj s. viij d. 

Item sold to John Fuller a sute of grene sattyn of bridges a vest- 
ment of red velvett a vestment of white bawldkyn iij other 
vestments of silk and velvett an fronte for an alter of red & 
grene say another fronte of red & grene sylk a fronte of red 
sattyn & blak velvett embrowdered with a beare v //. 

Item sold to John Frenche an old cope of blak velvett vj s. viij d. 

Item sold to the parsone of Seynt Elphyes iij old coopys iiij *. 

Item sold to John Clerkson ij coopys one vestment & ij tunycles of 
silk XX s. 

Item sold to George "Webbe ij payer of grene silk cortens ij cana- 
pyes one of red sylk old and another of sattyn of brydges red 
& grene x s. 

Item sold to hym a fronte of red & grene sattyn of bridges an other 
fronte of red sattyn of bridges lyned with canvas & certeyne 
cortens of say paned vj s. 

Item sold to Eychard Asshenton two coopys very old that were 
left ij s. 

Item sold to John Baker a pell [pall] of silk one cros clothe ij 
cortens of white silk & iiij old cusshens vj s. viij d. 

Item sold to hym ij payer of lynnen cortens steyned xvj d. 

Item sold to Jolm Hethe certeyne stooles phannells & corporas 
cases vj s. iiij d. 

Item sold to John Mott iij payer of organs one of Seynt Margaretts 
the other of Seynt Panics & the third of Seynt Mary Bred- 
man XV s. 

Item sold to hym more ij greate candelstyks of lattyn with dyverse 
other small canstycks weying iij qrters of a C. & x^' at ij q" the 
li. xvij s. vij d. oh. 

Item sold to hym more small canstyks and crysmatories & holy 
water stocks weying Ix^' at ij d. q" the li. xj s. iij d. 

Item sold more to hym iiij bells to go before dede corses & a payer 
of sensours beying xxj^' at ij d. q" the li. iii s. xj d. oh. 

Item sold to hym certeyne peuter weying iiij^' at iiij d. the li. xvj d. 



commissioners' accounts, a.d. 1553. 321 

Item sold to hym xij" of gylte copper at iiij d. the li. iiij s. 

Item sold to Christofer Cornewell ot" London Iron monger xxxij*^' 
peecys viz :~of coopys vestments and tunycles of the best and 
one orplieras for a cope enbrowdred with gold xxx li. 

Item sold to the Chamberleyn of the citio of Canterbury to the use 
of the same citie ij old coverletts v cusshens & one canapy of 
white silk with a red cros x s. 

Item sold to Thomas Bull a payer of organs out of Seyut GTeorges 
Cliurche \j s. viij d. 

Totalis 1 XV Z^'. xixs. ij (7. 

Item allowed to George Tofts for his paynes and wrytyng in this 
behalf one canapy of blew silk one vestment with deacon and 
subdeacon of damask. 

Item sold lo Kychard Asshenton certeyne paynted clothes corporas 
cases and old fronts for aulters for x s. the whiche were gevyn. 
to six oifycers of the citie for their paynes & attendance upon 
the seid commyssioners. 

Item sold to William Dogrell certeyne lenten clothes paynted & 
dyverse other old stufte for vj s. viij d. whiche were gevyn & 
distrybuted among the brothers and systers of the hospytall of 
Seyut Johns. 

Item left & delyvered by the said commyssioners in the hands of 
the churchewardens of every parish within the seid citie cer- 
teyne lynnen as alter clothes & towells with dyvers other 
ornaments necessary for the furniture of the seid churches 
according to the effect of the seid commyssyon as it doth 
appere by a booke of partyclers of the severall parish chvirches 
within the seid citie & is subscrybed with the hands of the 
churche wardens of every of the seid parishes. 

Item the resydew of the seid stuffe sold by the seid Comyssioners is 
all manner of lynnen bothe albes towells & aulter clothes & 
shetes for the some of iiij li. x s. whiche was gevyn & distry- 
buted by tiieir disccressyons amongest the poore people within 
the seid citie accordyng to th'effect of their seid commyssyon 
over & besydes certeyne albes paynted clothes & other lynnen 
that was also gevyn to the poore people there. 

PAEISHES IN THE WEALD; LATHE OF SCRAY, 
SOUTHERN DIVISION. 

Letter, written in a.d. 1556, from King Edioard's Commissioners, 
to other Commissioners appointed hy Philip and Mary. 

[Land Revenue Records : Church Goods, ^fa"-] 

To the right worshypfull M^ Will™ Barnes M-" Tho« Myldemaye & 

M^' John Wyseman Esquyres & to everye of them geve this 

After o^' hartie comendacons unto you Where ye haue sent vnto 

us for the old Inventories of the Church goods within our lymytts 

It maye please you to be adu'tisedd that they warr' sartified into 

the Chauncery and delyuered vnto M"^ Bowes then Master of the 

VOL. xrr. T 



322 WEALDEN commissioners' LETTER, A.D. 1656. 

Rowles so tliat we cannot sende them unto you And if we had 
them we wold <;ladly send them unto you The order that we toke 
in the sale of the ornaments accordinj^e to our comyssion was this : — 
ffirst we comaunded the Curatts Churchwardens and Sextens in 
every parishe within onr lymitts to bringe in all snche goods and 
plate as was to every one of their churches wherewith part of the 
best we did delyver unto them agayne for the f urnyture of every of 
their churches which churches we thynke were as well furnyshed 
as any churches in all Kent for that we warr verry lothe to take 
eny thinge from them. And afore we did receyve the commyssion 
or wold medle in it we withe other werr rebuked as it hath apperid 
unto you by the counsells lettre which we sent you last The 
residue of the ornaments of CA^ery of the sayd churches Except 
such copes and vestments as warr gold silver or cloth of tyssue we 
sold in grose to dyuerse persons moost comenly to the parishoners 
of the parishes where the ornaments came from according to the 
somes in a booke which we send you herewithe with our hands 
subscribed to the same all which money we delyvered to Sir 
Edmonde Peckham knight as it apperethe by his quyttance All 
the copes and vestments which warr cloth of gold sylver or tyssue 
that came into our hands we did delyver them to M"" Sturton as it 
apperethe by his quittance made unto us M'hich as we have desired 
you in tymes past so do we nowe moost hertely praye you agayne 
to helpe us unto them that we maye delyver them to thoes churches 
where we had them for we doo understande that it is our soveraigne 
lord and lady the kinge and the queues maiesties pleasures so to 
have it delyuerid Also we have sent unto you herewith a perticuler 
declaracon & accounte of all such plate as we receyved of every 
parishe and the wayght thereof which is contayned in our foresayd 
boke that our hands is unto which we delyvered to Sir Frauncis 
Jobson at that tyme beinge Master of the Juell house as it 
apperithe by his quittance, which if you doo examyne the quyttance 
and our boke together it will appere we delyvered all the plate in 
unto hym that we receyved. The parisshioners perceyvinge that 
the churche goods shuld be taken from them did sell part of their 
plate and ornaments of their churches awaye afore we sate in 
comyssion and did bestowe the money thereof uppon reparacons of 
the churches Such money of the same as was not bestowed we did 
receyve of them unto the kyngs maiesties use and have made 
accompt thereof accordingly as it apperith by our sayd booke that 
we have sent you herewith, besechinge you to except this our true 
certificat and accompt in good parte assuringe you that we have 
delyvered all the plate vestments and copes of cloth of gold sylver 
or tissue and money that we receyved according to our declaracion. 
And this the blessed trynitie preserve you to his pleasure. At 
Hempsted the xxvij*^ day of Maye by your assuryd lovyng 
friends 

Joh'eS GrULDEFORD T. CoiEPEPTR 

Thomas Egberts 



CHURCH GOODS SEIZED IN THE WEALD. 323 

[Land Revenue Recobds : Church Goods. Bundle lS92,JiIe 73, 

^''o. 1.] 
The certificat and accountb o£ S'' John Guldeford kuight 
Thomas Collepeper and Thomas Roberts Esquyres made vnto 
William Barnes Thomas Myldmaye and John AVyesman esquyers 

comyssioners to receyve the same accounts the .... day of in 

the seconde and thii-de yeres of the raignes of o'' Soueraigne lord 
and lady Phillipp and Marye by the grace of god kinge and quene of 
Inglond France Naples Jerusalem and Irelande defendars of the 
fayth prynces of Spayne and Cicill Archdukes of Austrye Dukes 
of Myllayne Burgunde and Brabant Co mites of Haspurg flanders 
and Tirroll of suche plate money and ornaments that were sold by 
vertue of comyssion v,'^^ was the goods and plate of theis parishes 
hereafter followiuge over and besydes such plate and ornaments as 
were delyvered agayne by them to the furneyture of every of the 
same churches as hereafter followithe 





For Ornaments 


Money that was in 






Sold 


I. 


Stock in the Church 




£ 


5. 


d. 


£ s. d. 


Gowtherst . . . 


3 








10 11 2 


Byddenden . . . 


5 










Benynden 


1 


10 





2 8 6 


Rolvynden . . . 


2 










Saundherst . . . 


6 


16 


9 




Hawkeherst ... 


6 


13 


4 




Stapleherst . . . 


3 


12 


8 




Apuldore 




19 


4 




Woodchurch 


1 


10 







Kenerton 




3 


8 




Harden 


2 


2 


4 




Newynden . . . 


1 


3 







Fretyuden ... 


3 


7 


2 


14 3 


Highalden ... 


1 


5 


2 




Cranebroke ... 


... 12 











Sum ma totalis £78 7 1 

Which sayd some of £78 7s. Id. we the seid John Guldeford, 
Thomas Collepeper, and Thomas Roberts have payed unto S'' 
Edmonde Peckham knight to the kings maiesties use as it apperithe 
by his quittance made unto us. Exam : per acquietantiam dicti 
Edmondi Datam xv™° die Junii a^ vij™° Edwardi vi*^' remaneutem 
cum comissioner' 

John Guldefokde T. Colepepye 

Thos. Roberts 

All such PLATE & WATGHT WHICH WE HAVE RECEIVED of ttose 

parishes hereafter written over & above those left for the 
furniture of the churches 
Sandherst. — 1 crosse of sylver & gilt wayenge 47 oz. 

1 chalice & pattent of sylver & parcel gylt 18i oz. 
1 chalice of silver parcel gilt 9 oz. 

T 2 



324 GOODS SEIZED IN THE WEALD, A.D. 1553. 

1 pair o£ sensors & a paxe o£ silver & parcel gylt 

30f oz. 
box of silver & 3 pins of silver 9J oz. 
1 pyxe of silver & gilt 16 oz. 

1 ship of silver parcelgylt 9^ oz. 

Sum 134f oz. 

BEinrNDEN. — 1 clu'ismatory silver & parcel gilt 19| oz. 

2 paxes silver & parcel gilt 7^ oz. 
2 little bells silver If oz. 

Sum 29 oz. 
Hawkeherst. — 1 box of silver & parcel gilt 3 oz. 
High Halden. — 1 cross witli a foot of silver 17 J oz. 

1 cbalice & patent of silver parcel gilt Sf-oz. 
Sum 25| i oz. 
Kenerton. — 1 chalice & a cover of silver parcel gilt 8 oz. 
1 pixe silver parcel gilt 6i oz. 
Sum 14i oz. 
WooDCHURCH. — 1 chalice & patent silver parcel gilt 16^ oz. 
1 paxe silver 3f oz. 
21 buttons silver & gilt i oz. 
Sum 21^ oz. 
Aptjldre. — 1 cross silver & gilt 48 oz. 

1 pair sensors silver parcel gilt 52^ oz. 
Sum lOOioz. 
Btddenden. — 1 cross silver and gilt 78-g- oz. 

1 chalice & patent of silver & gilt 18f oz. 
1 payer of seusers silver parcel gilt 26 oz. 
1 pyxe of silver parcel gilt 12 oz. 
Sum 134| i oz. 

1'rttteis'DEis'. — 1 chalice & patent & 4 bedstones silver & gilt 

15i oz. 
CBAJ!fEBROKE. — 1 monstranco silver & gilt 64^ oz. 

1 cross silver & gilt 88 oz. 

1 cross silver parcel gilt 48|- oz. 

1 little pyx silver 2^ oz. 

1 chalice & patent silver & gilt 19 oz, 

2 chalices of silver & parcel gilt 26^ oz. 

1 crysmatour silver & parcel gilt 15^ oz. 

2 pair sensors silver parcel gilt 45 oz. 
2 paxes silver & parcel gilt 10 oz. 

Sum 319^ oz. 

GrowTHEEST. — 1 chalice & patent of silver & gilt lOi oz. 

Marden. — 2 chalices & 2 patents & a pax silver & parcel gilt 32 oz. 

1 pair sensors silver parcel gilt 19 oz. 

1 paxe silver & gilt 12 oz. 
Sum 63 oz. 

Stapleherst. — 1 chalice & patent silver parcel gilt 9i oz. 



CHURCHES WHENCE NO SILVER WAS SEIZED. 325 

-p r Out of these parishes we received no silver for that 

■XT < that tliere was of it was assigued to serve in the 

(_ sayd churches 

Total sum 881i oz. 

This we delivered to Sir Francis Jobson kn*^ then master of 
the Jewelhouse to the kinirs majesty's use which phate being defaced 
did weigh in plate (gilt 373 oz., parcel gilt 320 oz., white ISOoz.) 
843 oz., as per Sir F. Jobson's indenture of discharge dated IG June 
vii Edward VI. 

GOODS OF COLLEGES AND CHANTEIES, still remaining 
in 2 aud 3 Philip and Mary. [Land Revenue Records, Church 
Goods, 4^|-g in Public Eecord Office.] 

AccoiTNT OF William Hide gentleman the late Surveyor con- 
cerning plate juells ornaments goodes and catalles aud leade pertain- 
ing to colleges, chantries, free chapels, guyldes, fraternities and 
suclie like in Kent, taken before William Berners, Thomas Mylde- 
maye and John Wiseman Esquiers 29 April 2 and 3 Philip and 
Mary. 

Goods CATTALLES and implements as per certificates £26 5^ 

Plate : — as per certificates 305J oz. 

One challes gylte lately belonging to the stipendiary prieste within the 
parishe of Feversham taken awaye by Doctor Bille the waight 
whereof is not mencioned in the said certificates. 

Sum : — Guylte lOOJ oz. ; parcel guylte 41 oz. ; white 16J: oz. and one 
chales unweighed 
The chardge of the leade remaynyng upon the late Colledge 

of All Sayntes in Maydestou in the seid countie being undef aced 

being vewed and estemed by the seid surveyors at vj ffoder. 

Wherewith this accomptant doeth frelye chardge hymself. The 

whiche colledge is in the custodye of Sir George Brooke knyght 

Lorde Cobham vj ffoder 

Whereof allowed : — Plate and juels delivered to Sir Anthony Aucher master 

of the juelhouse 92J oz. gylt ; 41 oz. parcel gylt ; 159^ oz. white. 

Total 292| oz. 

Costs of collection &c. £4 6 1^ 

Price of 8 quarters (liiij'' vj'') of wheat and certen barley (xij'') of the 
late College of All Saints Maydeston received l)y Sir Eauff Fane 
knight late atteyuted and convicted of felony by meanes whereof all 
his lands goods &c. came to the king's majesties hands and possession 
£2 15 6 

Executors of Dr. Bille for a challes of the stipendiary priest of Higham 
and a chales of the stipendiary priest of Feversham. 

Paul Sydnor esquyer for a chaliss weighing iiij oz. di. and other of a 

chantry of Pepingbury (viij*) by him taken away and the price of a 

chafer and a charger (vij* vj'') of the late College of All Saints 

Maydeston. 

Allowed : — Price of goods and ornaments of Milke house Free Chapel in the 

parish of Cranbrook £2G .5 0^ all of which were granted by warrant of 

Philip and Mary (dated 10 May 2 and 3 P. and M.) to the said chapel for 

divine service to be used there. 



( 326 ) 



TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 

BY J. F. WADMORE, A.R.I.B.A. 

I TRUST I may not be deemed presumptuous in calling attention to 
the Priory of St. Mary Magdalene at Tonb ridge for Canons Regular 
of the Order of St. Augustine, the history of which is more or less 
shrouded in obscurity, and its site forgotten. 

Of its buildings not a vestige remains ; the South-Eastern 
Railway uses the site for a Groods Station, and the land is cut up 
with rails and sleepers. Here once stood one of the finest 
monasteries in the ancient diocese of Rochester ; consisting of a 
*Chapter-house, Dormitory, Refectory, Church, Vestry, Library, 
and other offices, which were unfortunately totally destroyed by fire 
on fthe 11th of July 1337. John de Stratford being at that 
time Archbishop of Canterbury, and Hamo de Hethe Bishop of 
Rochester, the Prior and convent at once appealed to the King, 
and to their diocesans for assistance. Their apjDcal to the King 
appears to have been presented by JRalph Baron de Stafford, and 
was responded to by the Chancellor, John de OfBord, Dean of 
Lincoln, in a.d. 1349. That addressed to § Bishop Hamo de Hethe 
only received a reply after John de Shepey had succeeded to the See 
of Rochester — it is dated 25th of February 1353. || 

The prayer of the memorialists was favourably received, and the 
revenues of the Church and Vicarage of Leigh were appropriated to 
the Priory, for the maintenance of two canons, and the rebuilding 
of the Monastery. 

Having thus briefly touched upon the site of the Priory, we may 
proceed to gather from various sources, something of its founder, 
its history, and its possessions. 

Richard de Clare. Earl of Hertford, the founder of the Priory of 

* Rcgistruvi Eoffense, p. 464. 

t Calendar of MSS. in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, by Messrs. Turner 
and Coxe, p. 137 (ww) (zz). 
% Rcq. Eoff., p. 463. 
§ Ibid., p. 464. 
II Dugdale appears to have assumed that the fire took place in this year. 




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TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 327 

St. Mary Magdalene, was descended from a natural brother of the 
first Richard, Duke of Normandy, to whom and to his son 
Guislebert he gave considerable possessions in Normandy. To 
■Richard the son of Gruislebert the Castle of Brionne was given.* 

Robert de Monte, in his History of Henry I, says, " There are 
many old people who say that Richard Fitz Guislebert, Roger's 
father, had long ago received the town of Tonbridge in England 
in exchange for this same Castle [of Brionne], for they say, that the 
leuga of Brionne in the first instance was measured with a line, 
and that the same line was carried across into England, where it 
enclosed the same quantity of land which formed the leuga of Ton- 
bridge, so that the district of Tonbridge embraces the same number 
of miles as that of Brionne. "f 

This statement appears to be correct ; as Richard de Tonbridge 
was present at Pennenden Heath, when Lanfranc the archbishop 
regained all the possessions of the See of Canterbury. 

It is at this distance of time, and in the absence of direct evi- 
dence, difficult to give the exact date of the foundation. Three of 
the earliest charters of the Priory, now preserved in the Bodleian 
Library, are ascribed byMessl:^. Turner and Coxe to ci7'ca a.d. 1135 
and circa a.d. 1180. J Pope Celestine's Bull of Confirmation, dated 
1191, is printed in Thorpe's Registnim Boffe7ise.\ 

One Roger de Clare, Earl of Hertford, younger brother and heir 

of Gilbert de Clare, was a benefactor to the Knights Hospitallers 

of Jerusalem ; he granted to them the rectorial rights of the Parish 

Church of Saints Peter and Paul, Tonbridge. Thorpe has printed 

the charters in his Begistrum Boffense, to this effect. 

II Be it known to all sons of our Holy Mother the Church that I Eoger de Clare, 
Earl of Hertford, give and concede, and by my charter confirm, to the Brethren 
of this Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, for my health and for the souls of 

* Stephens's Clmrch History, vol. v., p. 32. f Ihid., vol v., p. 15. 

\ Turner and Coxe's Calendar of Charters in the Bodleian Library, p. 117, 
Charter 1 ; and p. 113, Charters 2 and 3. 

§ Pages 666-8. It mentions the following possessions of the Priory, inter 
alia : — The churches of Yalding (with Brenchley chapelry), Mereworth, and 
Stradeshelle ; the •' Schafes" of Wetelestone and Smocham, " et dominium de 
mesuagio quod fuit XXgRxi, ante port am castelli [de Thonebregge] ; totam terram 
de Dudingburie cum pertinenciis suis. que fuit Roberti Greclle, totam terram 
de Hallo, quam Acius tenuit ; duas summas frumenti annuatim de Farlega ; 
unum messuagium juxta harram in villa de Tlionehreqge ; et sex denarios, sin- 
gulis anuis, de domo que fuit Agnetis, jnxta pontem de Tlionchrcyge ; sex dena- 
rios in Pioffa singulis annis, de douacione Eandulfi filii Danat ; terram que fuit 
Gilbert! le Fi]z Jiixta jJortam nostram ; terram de Wicehelendenne, que fuit 
Willielmi jauitoris, et terram quam teuetis juxta domum vestram, que fuit 
ejusdem Willielmi." 

II Thorpe's Begistrum Roffetise, p. 665. 



328 TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 

my ancestors and heirs, the Church of Tonbridge, with its Chapel, and all 
other things adjacent belonging to the said Church all that I hold, or could 
hold. 

I place this deed and concession in the hands of Richard Turk, their Prior 
in England, for the use of the poor of the Hospital of Jerusalem, in free and 
perpetual alms. Witnesses : — Brother Richard, chaplain, Brother William de 
Fereres, Brother Thomas, Brother llobert dc tStorce, Bi-other Waryii, Brother 
Hugh Fuhct, Brother William, Pincerna, Reginald cie Cruce, John, the Prior's 
Clerk, Robert, the Sacrist, Adam, a Clerk, Alan, the Prior's Chamberlain, 
GeoflEry, the Cook, and others. 

This is followed by the gift of the advowson of the Parish 
Church of Tonbridge to the Brethren of the Hospital of St. John 
of Jerusalem. 

*To all sons of our Holy Mother the Church present and future Roger de Clare 
Earl of Hertford, greeting ; Know that I have given and conceded and by my 
Charter confirmed to God and St. John the Baptist, and the Brethi-en of the 
Hospital of Jerusalem, the advowson of the Church of Tonbridge, and all rights 
I have in it, in free and perpetual alms as well and as freely as the advowson 
of any church can be given. And I have given thus the aforesaid advowson 
with all its ajipertinencesto the aforesaid Brethren, for the health of myself and 
my heirs, and for the souls of all my ancestors. This thus freely and for a per- 
petual alms gift I grant and confirm to the hands of Richard Turk, their Prior 
in England. These witnessing, Richard de Clare, brother of the Earl, Richard, 
son of the Earl de Clare, Brother Richard, a Chaplain, Brother Thomas, Brother 
William de Fereres, Brother Robert de Storce, Brother Waryn, Brother Hugh, 
Bi'other William, Pincerna, Reginald de Cruce, Robert, a Chaplain, John, a 
Clerk of the Earl, Robert, son of Baldewyue, William, sou of John, Ingelram 
de Abcrun, Hugh de Walbade, Gilbert, son of Humfry, Robert, son of Hubert, 
Gerard, son of David, Theobald Sorel, William de la Marc, Thomas le Arblas- 
tier, Gilbert of Flanders, Eudo, Paymaster, John, a Clerk, Alan, a Chamberlain, 
and others. 

This is followed by a confirmation of the grant of the Parish 

Church of Tonbridge to the Brethren of the Hospital of St. John of 

Jerusalem by Walter who was Bishop of Eochester, from 1148 to 

1182. 

fWalter, by the Grace of God, Bishop of Rochester, a humble servant of the 
Church, to all faithful servants of the Church residing in the diocese of Roches- 
ter. Be it known to all present and future that Roger, Earl of Clare, in the 
presence of Richard his sou, and in my presence, conceded and gave the right 
of advowson of Tonbridge Church, and whatever right he before had in "the 
aforesaid Church, to the House of the Hospital of Jerusalem, and to the brethren 
serving God therein, etc. 

I much wish that I could give some description of these and 
other documents referred to, which were transcribed and edited by 
Thorpe in his Hegistnim liojfense ; unfortunately I am unable to 
do so, although, by the kindness of the veiy Rev. Dean Scott and the 
Canons of Rochester, I was permitted, with the assistance of Mr. 
Knight the chapter-clerk, to examine all the MSS. in their strong 

* Thorpe's Registruni Roffense, p. 665. f IhUl., p. 666. 



T0Na3RIDGE PRIORY. 329 

rooms, I failed to discover this or any other MSS. edited by 
Thorpe. 

It is true that I did not devote more than a few hours to the 
search, but this time was sufficient for me to come to the conclusion 
tliat they were not to be found amongst those which I saw, and Mr. 
Knight himself knew of no others. 

If so, what has become of these valuable documents since the 
time that they were seen by Thorpe ? Are they in some hidden 
chest, which still slumbers in a dark recess ? 

In the year 1267 we find that the Prior and the Sub-Prior of 
Tonbridge were commissioned by the Prior of the Hospital of St. 
John of Jerusalem to induct their representative into corporal 
possession of the Parish Church of Tonbridge. 

*To all those to whose knowledge these presents may come, the Brothers 

P and R Prior and Sub-Prior of Tonbridge acting on behalf 

{gcrenti'S vices) of that discreet man. the Prior of Cruceroys, conservator of the 
privilege and grace conceded to the Prior and Brethren of the Hospital of 
Jerusalem, by the Apostolic See, health in the Lord. We have received the 
mandate of the aforesaid Prior in these words : " The Prior of Cruceroys," etc., 
etc. And having received that mandate, we out of reverence to the Apostolic 
See, going personally to the Church of Tonbridge, have inducted into corporal 
possession of Tonbridge Church, and its appurtenances, Brother Henry, Master 
at Sutton of the Hosjiital of Jerusalem (the lawful Proctor of the Prior and 
Brethren of the Hospital), in the name of the said Prior and Brethren ; and by 
the delivery of a chalice and the key of the said church, we have invested their 
said proctor with the said church. And the said Prior and Brethren, of the 
Hospital so canonically inducted by us, according to the form delivered unto 
us, we, by the clemency of God, will defend. There were present and assisting 
at the same induction. Master William de St. Quiutin, our colleague in this matter 
fultilling with us, the ceremony of induction ; Sir Hugh de Tonbridge, chaplain. 
Sir Nicholas de Blakenam, Canon of Tonbridge, William Purde, clerk, Richard 
le Mas, Henry le Cafur, Lewyn Warne, and other parishioners of the same 
Church. Given and done at Tonl ridge, in the said Church, on the Monday 
before the conversion of St. Paul, in the year of grace 1267. 

Among documents in the Bodleian Library calendared as be- 
longing to Oseney Abbey (No. 28) is an account of the weekly con- 
sumption of food within the Priory of Tonbridge in the time of 
Edward I. The consumption on Christmas-day appears as fol- 
lows:! — 

For the bakehouse^ On Christmas-day one quarter 2 bushels of wheat for 
1 quarter 6 bushels of I the bakehouse, of which 40 manchets with two 
wheat, 4 bushels of [ hundred loaves. 4 bushels for bread for the 
mixtal. J brethren. Two bushels of mixtal, also 2 hams. 

From the store of I 2 quarters of beef, 2 pigs from the store of Ton- 
Tonbridge two pigs, j bridge killed for the larder of the price of Gs. 

Eldin^g™ capons.°'° ° } ^^^^^ capons from the store of Eldyng, price IT^d. 

* Reg. Boff., p. 669. 

t Turner and Coxe's Calendar, Preface, p. x. 



330 TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 

From the store of") Six cocks from the store of Brenchley, price 9d. ; for 
Brenchley 6 cocks. j carriage lOd. ; for veal 6fl. ; for mustard M. 

rOnc boar from the store of Tollbridge killed for the 

From the store of J hirder, price Hs. ; for wine 12d. ; on Saturday 100 

Tonbridge 1 boar. "l herrings of the price of one mark, of which price for 

[_ carriage 4d. ; for cloth Id. ; for 7d. 

From the brew-") Also 10 quarters of oats for the brewhouse with 6 
house 10 quarters of v bushels of wheat from which 2^ casks with one 
oats, 6 bushels of wheat, j barrel of better beer. 

Total 3s. 7d. ; Total store 13s. 2Jd, 

*By a writ of Edward II, in tlie eleventh year of his reign, 
addressed to Eoger D'Ainmory of Bodegesham, the Prior of Ton- 
bridge is allowed to appear and plead by proxy. In 1319, John, 
the Prior of Tonbridge, appoints in his place Hichard de Hotou, to 
make suit to the Court of his Lord, Sir Eoger de Ammory of 
Bodegesham, according to the tenor of the King's WTit directed to 
the Bailiff of the said Court ; this is dated at Tonbridge on the Day 
of the Annunciation, 13 Edw. II. fFrom a letter of John de Harewell, 
addressed to Eobert de Caustone, it seems possible that this matter 
may have related to the settlement of debts due to the Prior of 
Tonbridge by Sir Hugh de Audeley, Earl of Gloucester, at the time of 
his decease, and the receiving at the hands of the Prior the following 
goods, which were in the Prior's Custody ; viz. : — Six quillers d'or et 
de Jaspre, et en cire oevrez cxc livres ; xij pieces de orailes de leuer 
en amaillez ; viij papilons des margeries, ixn Pyn de Ivoir ; un Tablet 
de Ivoyr de ymagerie ; ij petitz forceas de Ivoyr, dount jay donez 
luu al Eglise a mettre dedeynz Corpus Christi et altres reliques. 

The Prior also requested the good office of the Earl of Lancaster 
for obtaining a licence of mortmain, from the King, for the purchase 
of £20 worth of Lands and Bents of Hugh de Audeley late Earl 
of Gloucester. 

At Jthis time it appears that Edward II issued his writ to the 
Sheriff, and to Henry de Shipton, who at that time held Tonbridge 
Castle for his Lord, to seize the goods, lands, and possessions of 
§Hugh de Audeley jun., no doubt for the part he had taken in 
opposing the King, and harassing the Lands and property of his 
favourite Despeuser. In Nov. 1326 11 we find a Boyal Writ ad- 
dressed to his servant Thomas de Blakebroke, bailiff of the Manor 
of Ealding (which the King had seized, on the forfeiture of Hugh 

* Turner and Coxe's Calendar, p. 126 (mm). 

t Ibid., p. 188 (coc). 

t A.D. 1321 (li Ed. II). 

§ Turner and Coxe, pp. 125-6. 

II Heff. Boff., p. 670. 



TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 331 

cle AudlcT, junior), authorising him to pay to the Prior of Tonhridge 
the accustomed allowance of 51s. 5d. per annum out of the revenues 
of the manor. 

This is followed by a similar writ of Edward II to his beloved 
and faitliful Henry de Cobham, custodian of the .lands and tene- 
ments, which belonged to our enemies and rebels in the County of 
Kent, now in our hands. 

*Because wc have received by the inquisition of our beloved and faith- 
ful friends Thomas de Faversham and William de Cotes, made by our 
command, and returned into our chancery, that the present Prior of Ton- 
bridge in the 11th year of our reign, on the day of the nativity of the blessed 
Virgin Mary, gave and granted to Thomas, the son of Thomas Colepeper. 11.3 
acres of land with their appurtenances in Pepingbury, and Chapel, to he held by 
the said Thomas and the heirs of his body (but if the said Thomas died with- 
out issue, then the aforesaid lands and the appurtenances should revert again to 
the Prior, and his successors), giving to the aforesaid Prior, and his successors 
yearly, two marks, viz., at the feast of the Nativity of our Lord, 13s. -id., and at 
the feast of St. John the Baptist, liJs. 4d. ; and that up to the time of his for- 
feiture the aforesaid Thomas had satisfied the Prior for the aforesaid lands ; and 
that the Prior had not remitted the ij marks to Thomas, nor in any way altered 
his state ; and that the aforesaid laud is now in our hands through the forfeiture 
of the aforesaid Thomas, and for no other reason ; and that it is held of the heir 
of Robert de Gretle by a fee of three peppercorns at Christmas, for all services 
and customs, and that the whole yearly value is xxv s. v d. We command there- 
fore that you shall deliver to the same Prior the aforesaid lands, which he shall 
hold at our will, on the payment of the aforesaid 2 marks and henceforward we 
hold you exonerated. Tested at Kenilworth, 25th day of April. 

Shortly after this the Prior and convent of Tonbridge received 
a confirmation of the Charter of Richard de Clare, Earl of 
Hertford, 1326. 

fThe King unto his beloved and faithful Henry of Cobham, the guardian of 
certain lands and tenements, which belonged to enemies and rebels in the 
County of Kent, now in our hands, greeting. 

Because we have received by enquiry made by our command, through the 
well-beloved Thomas of Faversham and William de Cotes, and returned into 
our chancery. That Richard de Clare, at one time Earl of Hertford, 
FOUNDED a certain Priory in his Manor of Tonbridge, time out of mind, and by 
his charters, gave and granted to the Canons regular, there appointed, and to be 
appointed, ten marks to be received yearly from the said Earl's Manor of Ton- 
bridge, and 5 Is. 5d. to be received yearly from all the said Earl's corn lands of 
the old and new land of Deunemannesbroke, and likewise that the said Earl 
granted, by his charters, to the aforesaid Canons, that they should have 
yearl}' one hundred and twenty swine freely pastured in the forest of the said 
Earl at Tonbridge. and likewise that the said Canons should have two wag- 
gon loads of dead wood to be freely and quietly carried for them daily from 
the nearest forest of the said Earl ; and like\vise that they should have one 
buck yearly, for ever, at the feast of St. Mary Magdalene, to be taken by the 
men of the said Earl, and that the then Prior of Tonbridge, and all his successors 
have duly received, and have been quietly seisetl of all the benefits thus granted, 
during the whole time aforesaid, until the aforesaid manor, wood, and forest 

* Bcff. Buff., p. 671 ; from Close Roll, 19 Edward II, membrane 7. 
+ Dugdale's Monasticon (Caley and Ellis), vol. ii.. p. 258, and Beg. lioff., 
p. 671 ; from the Close Roll, 19 Edward II, memb. 20. 



332 TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 

fell into our hands tlirongli the forfeiture of Hugh de Audley, junior ; and that 
the said manor with the forest is held of the Archbishop of Canterbury by the 
service of aetin<x as seneschal of the Hall of the Arehbisliopat hisenthronization, 
and is worth eiKhty pounds per annum, and the aforesaid corn lands are portions 
of the demesnes of the manor of Ealdynge which is of the honor of Clare ; and 
that the said manor is held of us by the service of one Knight's Fee, and is 
worth one hundred marks per annum. And \vc command that you pay to the 
Prior and Convent of Tonbridge, whatever arrears there may be of the aforesaid 
ten marks, and of the aforesaid 51s. ad., for the time during which you have 
had the custody of the manor and corn lands ; and that henceforward the said 
sums shall be paid at the accustomed time of ])aymcnt, and also that you shall 
allow to the said Prior and Convent the dead wood, in the quantity before 
mentioned, and pannage for one hundred and twenty swine in the forest of 
Toubridge, and one buck every year at the feast of St. Mary Magdalene. And 
we will make due allowance to you for these things in your account to our 
treasury of the revenues of the aforesaid manor corn lands, wood and forest. 
Tested at Chippenham xii day November. 

We have now reached a period when the Priory of Tonbridge, 
dedicated to St. Mary Magdalene, had largely increased both in 
wealth and importance. The mere Calendar of the title-deeds of its 
possessions in twenty-six parishes occupies fourteen pages of Messrs. 
Turner and Coxe's book (110-124). Its voice iu the Chapter of the 
Order of Monks of St. Augustine was admitted, and its Prior was 
intrusted with visitorial power for the regulation of other monas- 
teries of the same order. 

John, who at this time held the appointment of Prior, appears to 
have been a man of independence and ability. Presiding in his 
Chapter, he writes to the Archbishop (Walter) signifying the 
appointment of William de Frend, Canon of Tonbridge, as Proctor 
to appear before him in the Church of St. Paul's, in London, on 
Friday next after the Sunday Quasimodo, to consult for the 
advantage of the Church of England, dated at Tonbridge, on the 
Ides of April, 1318.* He likewise received a letter, dated London, 
8 June 1318, from the Pope's Nuncio, to provide a good horse, a 
palfrey, and a sumpter horse caparisoned, to be sent to his Cham- 
berlain. 

I may as well here remark, that these and the following extracts 
are taken from some valuable MSS., collected by Anthony A. Wood 
and others, and bequeathed by him to the Ashmolean Museum at 
Oxford, and carefully collated, catalogued, and edited by William 
H. Turner, Esq., under the direction of the Rev. H. O. Coxe, M.A., 
Librarian of the Bodleian. These writings belonged to the twenty- 
two religious houses suppressed by a bull of Pope Clement VII 
dated at E-ome, 5 id. March 1525 ; the revenues of which were 

* Turner and Coxe's Calendar, p. 124 (e). 



TONBRIDGE PEIORT. 333 

sequestered for the purpose of founding Cardinal Wolsey's College 
at Oxford. After his fall divers of the said lauds were sequestered, 
and given by the King to laics ; but the deeds which appertained 
to the houses lay in a careless manner, subject to wet, at the mercy 
of rats. Many of them were printed by Dodsworth and Dugdale 
in the Monasticon ; and most of them are quoted in Tanner's 
2!^otitia. A Calendar of the whole series was published by Messrs. 
Turner and Coxe in 1878.* 

At this time the Prior and Convent of Tonbridge present 
Benedict de Ealdyng to the Church of Stradeselle in the diocese 
of Norfolk. At which presentation Benedict indemnifies the 
Prior against any suit, and promises to be satisfied with the allow- 
ances hitherto paid. This letter of indemnification is dated on 
Thursday next before the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude, 
1318.t 

Simon de Clare, clerk, swears that he will be faithful to the 
Church of St. Mary Magdalene, Tonbridge, and his lords the Prior, 
and Convent of the same place, on the Assumption of the B.V.M., 
1316. ;{: A citation is received from the Priors of Ledes and of 
CombeweUe, visitors of the Houses of the Order of St. Augustine 
within the dioceses of Canterbury and Rochester, desiring the Prior 
of Tonbridge to come to a general council, to be held in Christ 
Church, Londou, 1318. § Letters are received from Walter, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, concerning an exchange between William, 
Rector of Merston, and the Vicar of Brenchley. John, the Prior, 
and Convent of Tonbridge grant to Sir Thomas Somersete, chap- 
lain, a corrody of two white loaves, and one gallon of the 
better conventual beer, from their common cellar, commencing 
the Sunday on the feast of the exaltation of the Holy Cross, 
A.D. 1320.11 

^Claricia, the wife of Sir Roger Wellesworth, Kt., deceased, and 
Alice, wife of Sir John de Hamme, Kt., deceased, daughters and 
heirs of Sir Roland de Hokstede, deceased, present to the Prior 
and Convent of Tonbridge their faithful clerk Robert Quyntyn as 
a Canon of their house, Aug. 14, 1319. 

In the following year, Richard de Holdene, Priest, having 
been presented by the Prior and Convent of Tonbridge to the 

* These facts are quoted from their Preface, pp. iii, iv. 

I Turner and Coxe's Calendar, p. 125 (u). 

t Ihid., p. 125 (v). § Ihid., p. 125 (cc). 

II Ibid., p. 126 (ff) (ii). t IMd., p. 126 (kk). 



334 TONBUIDGE PUIORY. 

Church of Leigh, indemnifies them against any claim to the 
advowson.* 

In 1322, John, the Prior of Toubridge, appoints William de 
Mallying, Canon of the same house, to be his Proctor to act for him 
at the General Chapter to be held at St. Prideswide, Oxford.! In 
the same year, the Prior of St. Gregory of Canterbury and John, 
Prior of Tonbridge, are appointed Visitors of the Order of St. 
Augustine for Canterbury and Eochester dioceses, to cite the Prior 
and Convent of Ledes to be i)resent at a visitation of their house to 
be held the Monday next after the translation of St. Thomas the 
Martyr, and also citing the Prior to a General Chapter to be held 
at St. Frideswide, Oxford, on the 2nd day after the feast of St. Mar- 
garet the Virgin. Prior John appoints "William de Mallying to be his 
Proctor.;}: 

In the absence of John, Prior of Tonbridge, Nicholas de 
Paversham, the Sub-Prior, nominates a fit clerk to the Bishop of 
Norwich for the Church of Stradeselle then vacant. § 

In October 1329, a citation is issued from Wrotham by the 
Archbishop of Canterbury (Simon de Meopham) to the Prior and 
Convent of Tonbridge, to appear at the court — day after the feast 
of St. Luke the Evangelist, or to show their privileges. || 

In 1329, also a mandate is received from Hamo Bishop of 
Rochester, for excommunicating certain parishioners of Brenchley 
who absent themselves from and injure the Church ; dated at 
Hallyng.^ 

John, the Prior, grants a licence to Lawrence de la Wealde to 
live in the family of Sir Hugh de Audele and the Lady Margaret 
Countess of Cornwall, a.d. 1329. 

In 1330, a mandate is received by the Dean of Mallyng, from 
the Official of Eochester, commanding him to cite the Prior and 
Convent of Tonbridge, to appear, by themselves or a proctor, on the 
Monday next after the feast of the translation of St. Thomas the 
Martyr, in the Church of Mallyng, to answer certain articles of 
Robert the Master, and the brethren of the Hospital of Strode, 
which appear to be for the sub1;raction for three and a half years of 
the tithes of a place commonly called Horsherst in the parish of 
Aldyng. Prom Longefeld, 5 kl. March 1331, the Archdeacon of 
Eochester issues a mandate to the Dean of Mallyng, commanding 

* Turner and Coxe's Calendar, p. 126 (oo). f Ihid., p. 127 (c). 

t Ibid., p. 127 (b). § Ibid., p. 127 (k). 

II Ibid., p. 128 (m). 1 Ibid., p. 129 (gg). 



TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 335 

him to sequester the Churches of Aldyng, Brenchley, and Teudeley 
for defaults in not repairing them.* 

fPrior John, however, appears, more than once, to have incurred 
the ecclesiastical censure of his superiors : firstly, in 1318, for having 
refused to contribute his portion to a subsidy for the prosecution of 
a lawsuit against the Priory of Twynham ; according to a mandate 
directed to the Prior of Merton by the Abbot of Cirencester and 
the Prior of Lanthony, presiding at a General Chapter of the Order 
of St. Augustine. The severe sentence of excommunication appears 
to have been fulminated against him ; but the greater sentence was 
almost immediately revoked, by William, Abbot of St. Mary of 
Merton. And a second time for the non-payment of Peter's pence 
for 1320 and 1330 ; on this occasion a mandate was issued, by 
Icherus de Concrete, Canon of Sarum, and Nuncio of the Pope, 
to the Bishop of Eochester and his Archdeacon, promulgating a 
sentence of excommunication ; dated at Eochester on the ides of 
May 1331. J A relaxation of the mandate was, however, received 
ten months later ; so that it is more than probable that John 
and his Canons had made honourable amends to his ecclesiastical 
superior. 

§In October 1333, the Abbot of Leicester and the Prior of Kenil- 
worth, presiding at the General Chapter of the Order of St. Augustine 
within the province of Canterbury, issued a mandate to the Priors of 
St. Gregory, Canterbury, and of Tonbridge, commanding them per- 
sonally to visit each hoiise of the above Order in the dioceses of 
Canterbury and Eochester, to inquire concerning the state, reforma- 
tion, and observance of the Order, whether by the head or its members, 
and to correct and reform abuses, and in case of being themselves 
unable to settle any matters, then to cite the heads of the houses to 
the General Chapter to be held at Dunstable on the octave of the 
Holy Trinity in 1334. The same Abbot also sends his mandate to all 
the heads of the monasteries of that Order within the aforesaid 
diocese, commanding them to receive the Priors of St. Gregory, 
Canterbury, and of Tonbridge in a suitable manner at their visitation, 
and to carry out sentences of excommunication, or suspension, should 
they be promulgated; and N — de T., Canon of Tonbridge, and Master 
Eichard, Eector of St. Benedict of Wodwarf , in the diocese of Loudon, 
are appointed to act as proctors for the Prior and Convent of Ton- 
bridge, conjointly or separately. 

* Turner and Coxe's Calendar, p. 130 (mi). t Ibid., p. 124 (i). 

X Ihid., pp. 128 (r) and 129 (pp). § Ibid., p. 130 (vv). 



336 TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 

*We have now arrived at a period in the history of this 
mouastery when a sudden, great, and unex])ected cahunity occurred. 
Ou the 11th of July 1337, t the whole of the conventual buildings 
were burnt down to the ground, so that nothing remained for the 
use of the brethren. The conventual buildings, at that time, 
consisted of a Chapel, Vestry, Dormitory, Refectory, and Library. 
Together with the building, the books, MSS., ecclesiastical vestments, 
goods, and furniture were consumed, as well as the stores of hay and 
corn. Jin this emergency the Prior and Canons appeal both to the 
Bishop and Pope, praying tiiat the tithes, privileges, and in- 
dulgences, rents, services, lands and possessions with their appur- 
tenances, may be confirmed to them under pain of excommunication, 
and requesting that the Church of Leigh, which was taxed at £12 
per annum, might be appropriated and incorporated for the support 
of two Canons in the Priory. At the same time, a petition was 
presented by Ealph, Baron of Stafford, to Edward III ; to which 
the King replied by the hands of his Chancellor, John de Offord, 
Dean of Lincoln, granting his licence for the appropriation of the 
Church of Leigh. Letters patent were accordingly issued, 22 Edw. 
Ill, A.D. 1349, and a fine of twenty marks was paid into the 
treasury. § 

An indulgence of forty days was at once granted by John, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, to all who should assist in rebuilding that 
portion of the Priory buildings which was destroyed. The Bishop 
is also petitioned for an indulgence to all who pray for the soul of 
Sir Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford, whose body then lay in the 
Church of St. Mary Magdalene, for the souls of all faithful deceased, 
and also for those who should assist in the building, or sustentation 
of lights, etc., of the said Priory Church. || 

Letters of attorney from the Prior of Tonbridge are granted 
appointing Gr . . . de B . . . Canon, to be their proctor, to receive 
in their name oblations and gifts for rebuilding their church ; also 

* Turner and Coxe's Calendar, p. 1.S7 (ww) (zz). 

■(■ Dugdale's Monasticon, vol. vi., part i., page 188, states that this fire 
occurred in 1,353 ; but from an inspection of the petition to the Pope, now in 
the Bodleian Library, it appears to have been in 1337 ; not 1327 as given by 
Messrs. Turner and (!oxe, p. 137. 

% Iic(j. Roff., p. 464. 

§ Turner and Coxe's Calendar, p. 137 (uu) (vv) (ww). Ralph, Lord Staf- 
ford, Lord of Tonbridge, commanded the van of the army at Cressy, under the 
Black Prince ; he died A.D. 1373, and was buried in the Priory Church of St. 
Marv Magdalene, and his estates descended to his son and heir, Ealph, Earl of 
Stafford. 

II Turner and Coxe's Calendar, pp. 132 (1) and 127 (1). 



TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 337 

notifying indulgences amounting in the whole to eight years and 
two hundred and thirty days, from the Pope, the Archbishops, and 
Bishops, to all benefactors, with participation in the masses and 
other services of the Church.* Before proceeding further it may be 
as well to make a few extracts from the mandate of John de Shepey, 
Bishop of Rochester, to all the faithful in Christ. 

•f Setting forth that in the time of bis predecessor the church and chapter- 
house, dormitory, refectory, as well as the library and vestry, together with 
the books and vestments, ecclesiastical ornaments, and many other valuable and 
precious reliqucs, together with the splendid and noble buildings of the monas- 
tery, had been destroyed by a terrible and unfortunate fire ; and without 
any fault or want of care of the inmates they were reduced to ruin ; and their corn 
and hay and the major part of their subsistence destroyed. To add to these horrors 
they were situated on the confines of a neighbouring river, which was frequently 
transft)rmed into a furious torrent, and the rainfall of the upper waters which 
were held back, often gathered and overflowed the lands, so that they were 
rendered useless to the monastery, which was situated near and adjoining the 
King's highway, that this was a source of great trouble, as the road to the 
monastery was frequently rendered impassable to numbers of people. 

For these reasons they were oppressed and overwhelmed with debt. 

Therefore they besought that illustrious man his predecessor, that he would 
give them the Parish Church of Leigh, in the aforesaid diocese, the value of 
which barely amounted to twelve pounds per annum ; and that he would see 
fit to grant the patronage to them and to their monastery. 

J'- Therefore " (continues the mandate) "we grant to these religious men 
possession of the said chui'ch of Leigh, reserving to us and our successors the 
obedience of the Prior and Canons of the aforesaid Priory and Convent of 
Tonbridge, in respect of the aforesaid Church of Leigh, and the visitation and 
other rights of our Church of Rochester, and what is due to the Bishop and 
Archdeacon, according to custom and all other things reserved by our right. 
Also reserving, with the consent of the Prior and Convent, twenty shillings 
sterling in the name of our procuration for the entertainment of us and our 
household, .as often as we or our successors shall visit the said Church of 
Leigh, to be paid within ten days after the visitation." 

By the same deed a Vicarage was ordained at Leigh and the 
rights of the Vicar are subsequently defined to consist of — 

"A manse for the Vicar and his household, to be provided at the cost of the 
Priory, and to consist of a hall, with two chambers, a kitchen, a stable and one 
curtilage all to such as befit the Vicar's position, and also eight marks of silver 
annually out of the spiritual oblations made in the aforesaid Church." Also the 
tithes of certain things, flax, hemp, milk, butter, cheese, calves, wool, etc., which 
I insert from the original as shewing the peculiar and idiomatic expressions 
plentifully interspersed throughout : — 'Lini, canabi, lactis, butiri, casei, vitulo- 
rum, lane, agnorum, aucarum, anatan;m, porcellorum, ovorum, cere, mellis, 
pomorum, pirorum, columbcllorum, piscariarum, aucupacionum, veuacionum et 
negociacionum totiusparochie de Leghe. Item indecimisfeni,herbagii, et silve 
cedue, ex parte Occidentali, et Boreali, parci de Pensherste, vocati Esshores- 
parke, et a dicto parco per Medeweiam, usque molendinum de Tenesfeld et vie 
que ducit a dioto molendino per mansum Johannis de Polle. et per cimiterium 
de Leghe. usque pontem vocatum Bittebregge, cum feno herbagio et silva cedua 
de Holyndenne.'§ 

II" In testimony of which we, John, Bishop of Rochester, and also the Prior 

* Turner and Coxe's Calendar, p. 134 (k). f RcfJ- Hoff., p. 464. 

\ Beg. Roff., p. 465. § IMd., p. 466. || Ih'ld., p." 467. 

VOL. XIT. Z 



338 TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 

and Convent of Rochester, have affixed our seals to these presents, and for 
greater security and record wc have caused these our letters to be strengthened 
with the seal and subscription of blaster John de Kenj'ngtone, notary public with 
apostolic authority. Given at Rochester iu the Chapter House the 2,"i"' day of 
February, A.D. MCCCLIii. In the 2nd year of tlic Pontificate of our Lord 
Innocent the VI. In the presence of John de Mcleford, John de Fynchyng- 
field, Adam Clement, and Nicholas Herynge of the dioceses of Canterbury and 
Rochester as witnesses." 

John de Magliam, who up to this time held the living, then 
resigned, and Nicholas de Chilham was appointed his successor by 
the Prior and Canons of Tonbridge. 

The revenues of the Priory, in 1353, were sucli that a subsidy of 
one halfpenny, upon every mark, produced 6s. 2id.,* or 149 half- 
pence. Therefore the income of the Priory was assessed at £99 
6s. 8d. per annum ; a sum equivalent to more than £1000 of modern 
money. At about the same date, a.d. 1377, we find a list of the orna- 
ments, vestments, and books at Yaldyng, Brenchley, Tudeley, and 
Leigh. Passing over those of the three former parishes, we find the 
parish of Leigh to have had the following : — 

f" Primo ij missalia, j Processionale, j Troparium cum Kyrie Sequentiis et 
Process, j Baptisterium, ij Gradalia, j Antiphonarium, ij Portiforia pleuaria, 
Legeuda Sanctorum et temporalium in j volumine, j Psalterium bonum et j dcbile, 
j ordiuale, j Martilogium ; Primo iiij Calices, ij Vestimeuta principalia, item ij 
Dominicalia Vestimeuta et ij ferialia, item iij Tuallia cum paruris, et ij sine 
paruris pro altari. Item v parva Tuallia tersoria, j Tunica, j Dalraatica. Pannus 
de serico, j capa processionalis, ij Cruces. argeutee, j Crux de laton, ij Super- 
pellic, ij Candelabra de piautre, et ij Candelabra de cupro, et ij ferr et j 
magnum ferreum." 

The following interesting accounts of the dress and furniture of 
the brethren on entering the Monastery is given by Messrs. Turner 
and Coxe, which I venture to transcribe, and this I gladly do with- 
out attempting a translation, as the extract would lose much of its 
inherent interest ; it is headed — 

J Habitus noviciorum in primo adventu et introitu ipsorum. 

" Ut Habitus canonicorum breviter describatur. In primis, habeant duas 
cappas de AVorthestede. et unam defrisonc, quarum duocapucia furrentur nigris 
pellibus agniuis. Item unum pallium de burneto furratum pellibus aguinis 
albis. Item duo superpellicia ad cotidianum usum et tertium de Eylesham ij 
rochet, cotidian. et j rochet, de Eylesham. Item duas tunicas de blanketo, et 
unam supertuuicam furratam et j corsetum furratum albis pellibus agninis. 
Item unam tuuicam teuuem pro estate. Item tria paria linee tele. Item duo 
hunbaria. Item duo paria sotularium, de cordewan et j par de coreo boviuo et 
j par nocturualium cum filtro linitum. Item duo paria caligarum lancarnm. 
Item duo paria caligarum de kanefas. Item duo paria peduiorum de blanketo. 
Item unum par de pinsones. Item j zonam, cum loculo et cultello majore 
pro mensa et minori pro pennis, et cum j pare tabularum cum pectiue, et j 
acularium cum acu et filo. Item j coclear argeuteum et j ciphum de mureno. 

* Turner and Coxe's Calendar, p. 135 (aa). 

f Ihid., Preface, p. ix. \ Ihid.. Preface, p. x. 




•jmAPMORC 



INTERIOR OF THE RUINS OF TONBRIDGE PRIORY, 
A. D. 1838. 



Whiteman ABass. Tftoto'-Zztho, Loiido: 



TONBEIDGE PRIORY. 339 

Item j capani pluvialem cum capello, ct j par calcareorum. Item j par 
cirotecarum cum zuna quo vocatur Sucorej'c. Item ij pcUiccas de pellibus 
agninis albis. It. j blodbeiul. Item j almucium dc buriieto furratum nigris 
pellibus agninis et j parvam cappam furratum et aliam non furratam pro 
estate Vcxtimenta lectualla ; Imprimis habeant tria Thapeta, ct j coopericns 

lectum de Yndesay. Item tria paria et unam culcitram punctatam et 

j materas j coopertorium deblanketo furratum ct j kanefasdcsuper pro Stramine 
j pulvinar longum duo ccrvicalia, ct ij siidaria."' 

Unfortunately there are no records, as far as I have been 
able to trace, which throw any light upon the buildings which were 
erected immediately after the fire. I have been fortunate enough 
to retain the sketches which 1 made previous to the demolition of 
the remains in ISIO ; they give, I am sorry to say, but a poor idea 
of what the buildings may ouce have been. 

We have, however, px-eserved amongst the MSS. a curious 
memorandum of the value and weight of lead at this time. 

* Memornndum. — A cart-load of lead coutains thirty feet, aud each foot six 
stone, and each stoue thirteen pounds and a half, and oue foot coutains eighty- 
one pounds, aud so a cart-load of lead contains according to the weight used at 
•' le Pek " 2i30 pounds. Item according to the weight used at Sandwich a 
cart-load of lead ought to weigh six sacks of wool, and a sack of wool should 
weigh fifty-two hooks, and each hook coutains seven pounds, and so a sack of 
wool weighs 364 pounds, and so a cart-load of lead weighs by the weight of 
wool 21S-I: pounds, and so each cart-load of lead at " le Boles " exceeds the 
Aveight of wool 246 pounds. 

fin 1348, the Prior appears to have lent £4 to Edward III for 
assisting in his wars against the French, for the repayment of 
which letters patent are granted. 

Jin 1358, a warrant is signed by Ralph, Earl of Stafford, addressed 
to John Froraound, his receiver for the Lordship of Tonbridge, to 
allow the Prior of Tonbridge to keep sixty pigs, free of pannage, 
within the forest of Tonbridge. §The Prior aud Convent also peti- 
tion Lionel, Earl of Ulster, for a continuance of their privileges of 
a daily supply of wood, pannage for 60 pigs, and the yearly gift of a 
stag within the forest. John Eromond is also directed by Earl Staf- 
ford, in 1362 (35 Ed. Ill), to pay to the Prior and Convent ten 
marks. II 

These and many other interesting facts are to be found in the 
Calendar of Charters and Rolls, published by Messrs. Turner and 
Coxe, to repeat which at greater length would make this paper too 
long. Sufficient is here given to shew the nature and interest of 

* Turner and Coxe's Calendar, p. 132 (o). 

t Ibid., p. 140 (yvy) (zzz). J Ibid., p. 140 (aaaa). 

§ Ihkl. p. 140 (hhhh). II Ibid., p. 140 (iiii). 

z 2 



340 TONBKIDGE PRIORY. 

these documents, which, as regards Tonbridge, do not extend beyond 
the forty-first year of Edw. HI, a.d. 1368. 

A licence* to hokl hmds in Mortmain was granted by llicliard II, 
confirming by letters patent the grants of Edward II, to the Prior 
and Convent of Tonbridge, in the former inquisitions under John 
Osprengge, William Frendesbery, and William Mailing, formerly 
Priorsf of the aforesaid Convent, in which mention is made of 

" Duo messuagia, duas shoppas, tria gardina, sexagintaet quatuor acras prati, 
duo opera in autumpno decern solidatos redditus et redditum sex gallinarum, 
viginti et quinquc ovorum et quatuor ferrorum equorum cum pertinenciis in 
Tonbridge, Breucbele, Bitteberghe, Legh, Hliibourne, de Johanne Sumon de 
Osprengge, Johe. Grelynge, Ricardo Turk, Sampson de Middeltone, Stephano 
Crabbe, Nicholao Espeloun de Sandwico, Johanne Culpeper, Galfrido Culpeper, 
Johanne Herry de Kyppynghale, Ricardo Hesdene, Laurencio filio Williclmi 
Merifeld, Rogero Messyngleghe, Willielmo fratre ejusdcm Rogeri, Ricardo 
Goldhelle, Nicholas Hemery, Johanne Hampson, Emma Mowcs de Tonbrigge, 
Ricardo Eliot, Ricardo Barbour de Tonbrigge, Johanne Longe, Reginaldo Uyk, 
Galfrido IMellere de Brenchcsley, Johanne Heseldene de Tonbridge, et Thoma 
filio Georgii Caun. 

" All which shops and gardens are returned at 60s. 8d. per 
ann. by the inquisition of William Skyppe, our Surveyor in the 
County of Kent ; and the said Prior and Convent have in perpetuity 
a value of xxvi s. vi d " 

"And thus the said Prior and Convent or their successor, or the 
said John Symond, John Richard, etc., etc., or their heirs, shall on 
no occasion be molested or in any way burdened under the aforesaid 
statutes by us or our heirs." 

We have glanced at the foundation of this Monastery, its rise 
and prosperity, its destruction by fire, at the means taken to re- 
instate it, and at its benefactions and possessions. We now turn 
to record its fate, and disestablishment. 

Cardinal Wolsey appears to have found no dilficulty in persuad- 
ing Pope Clement YIII to sanction the suppression of the following 
Monasteries for the foundation of his proposed College at Oxford, 
viz., Tickford, Bradwell, and Eavenstone, Bucks ; Daventrj, 
Northamptonshire ; Camvell and Sandwell, Staffordshire ; Tonbridge 

* A.D. 1393 ; Eeg. Roff., p. 674, pat. 16, R. II, part 2, m. 2. 

f Prom Turner and Coxe's Calendar of the Charters I glean the following 

names of Priors of Tonbridge :— P , A.D. 1267 (^Rpg. Rof., 669) ; David, 

A.D. 1273 (pp. 110, 117, 134. 136) ; John, A.D. 1278-1305 (pp. 114, 118) ; Roger, 
A.D. 1311 (pp. 125, 1.39) ; .lohn (a Bishop, p. 128 bb), A.D. 1320-36 (pp. 112, 11.5, 
118, 120, 126-7, 130) ; William de Frend[esbery] (a Canon in 1318). A.D. 1337 
(pp. 121, 124, 131) ; John de Osprenge, A.D. 1344-9 (pp. Ill, 136) ; Nicholas, A.D. 
1349 (p. 134) ; William de Mallyng, A.D. 1353 (pp. 131, 139) ; John, A.D. 1370-3 
(pp. 110, 122); Robert, A.D. 1377-97 (pp. 110-2. il5, 122, 125) ; Thomas Lewes, 
A.D. 1406 (p. 118); Richard Thomlyn, A.D. 1509-25 (pp.112, 116, 119, 123); 
William, who surrendered the Priory. 



TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 341 

and Leslies, Kent ; Beigham and Dc Calceto, near Arundel, 
Sussex ; AVykes, Tiptree, Blackmore, Stanesgate, Horkesley, and 
Thoby, Essex ; Poghley and Wallingford, Berks ; Uodenasli and 
Snape, Suffolk ; St. Frideswide and Littlemore, Oxford. For 
this purpose a bull of Pope Clement was obtained, dated at 
Eome,* on the fifth of the ides of March 1525, in the third 
year of his pontificate, and confirmed by letters patent, dated 1st of 
October, IG Henry yiII,appointingacommission which was presided 
over by Dr. Burbank, Archdeacon of Carlisle, before whom we find 
William, the last of the Priors of Tonbridge, summoned to surrender 
his office at Westminster, on the 8th day of February 1524, when 
John Cromwell, John Clifton, chaplain, lioland Eokyn, John Luton, 
and John Payune were ijresent.f 

The yearly value of the Priory is stated to have been assessed at £48 13s. 4d. 
and the temporalities at £120 16s. lid. ; that the Prior of Tonbridge had 
granted the Rectory of Yalding for £30, and the church lands of Loamstead to 
Whetenhall for 40s.I The Rectory of Leigh by the profits and advantages, £10. 
Thomas Fane, Smith Land, and Elwood, and two other portions of land, 
dominzo, and Prior Hammond's of Haysden 13s. 4d. ; Edward Markley, land and 
meadow in the town of Tonbridge, 6s. 8d. ; William Waller, 26s. 8d. ; Harding 
a red rose or peppercorn rent, now John Gresham's, Bodesham, 23s. 4d. ; 
Wrotham, £6 6s. ; Shipbourne, Richard Dyne, 13s. 4d. ; Bodesham to the 
Prior of Anglesea, Is. ; John Robert Brenchley, £14 Os. 4d. ; Henry Everard, 
6s. 8d. ; Henry, late Prior, and half to Thomas Cromwell, glebe lauds, 66s. 8d. :§ 
a grant of Land was made, A.D. 1530, to the Priory of Shene, a farm in the 
manor of Tonbridge value 28s. 4d. The value of the demesne lands £25 8s. 

On Feb. 10th, 1526,|| Wolsey granted to John Higden, Dean of 
the Cardinal's College at Oxford, the site of the late Monastery of 
Tonbridge, with the various manors and revenues attached thereto. 
Thos. Cromwell and William Smyth were appointed Wolsey's 
attorneys to deliver possession to the grantee. 

In the 18th year of Henry VIII the value of the possessions of 
the Cardinal's College at Oxford is set down at the total yearly 
rental of £2051 9s. 4d. ; the income at £2041 16s. 8d. ; the annual 
expenditure at £1982 Is.^ 

The divorce of Katherine and Henry's passion for Anne Boleyn 
soon placed Wolsey in unprecedented difiBculty. As Mioister of the 
King and Cardinal Archbishop of York, the dilatory proceedings of 
the Court of Rome were imputed to his agency; his fall and disgrace 
followed not long after. At Michaelmas, 1529, he opened the Court 
with all his usual pomp and ceremony ; the next day he remained at 

* Turner and Coxe, Preface, p. iii ; State Papers, Henry VIII, vol. x., pt. 3, 
p. 697. 

t D.S.P., Henry VIII, vol. iv., p. 1137. % Vol. iv., pt. 1. No, 2217. 

§ Ibid., 4106. il Ibid., pt. 3, 1964. % Ibid., pt. 2, 989. 



342 TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 

lionio, but no message came to liim from the King, and on tlie 
following day the Dulces of Norfolk and Suffolk arrived, and required 
him to deliver up the Great Seal and retire to Esher. Articles of 
impeachment were drawn up which passed in the U])per House, but 
by the zeal and ability of his Seci'etary, Thomas Cromwell, Avere 
thrown out in the Commons, but a fresh indictment having been 
framed on the 16th Statute of Eichard II, and also of King Edward, 
that no one should sue for promotion to the Pope of Rome or else- 
where without the King's authority, it was proved that my Lord 
Cardinal obtained both his legacy and Cardinalship without the 
King's licence, and was so cast into premunire. His death took 
place on Nov. 28th, 1530. 

By reason of this escheat all the revenues and possessions of the 
disestablished Monasteries passed into the King's hand, who, on the 
27th of Sept., gave them in trust to John, Bishop of Lincoln, and 
Sir Thomas Audeley, Keeper of the Great Seal, for the use of the 
Dean and Chapter of "Windsor, including the advowsons of Brench- 
ley, Yaldiug, Tewdley, and the Priory of St. Mary Magdalen, with 
the manors of Tonbridge.* 

An assignment of the above-mentioned lands, under the King's 
warrant, was subsequently made to the King's College at Oxford, 
dated Sept. 29th, 1532. 

The dissolution of the Priory appears to have caused much dis- 
satisfaction in the town of Tonbridge, although "Wolsey had kindly 
and generously proposed to give the inhabitants additional educa- 
tional advantages. A letter is extant written by Archbishop War- 
ham,! dated June 30, 1525, addressed to W^ Whetenhall, Waller, 
and Henry Fane, — 

Expressing his surprise tliat they did not meet him at Tonbridge with the 
other inhabitants, as he wished to decide whether it were better to have a gram- 
mar school founded at Tonbridge, for forty scholars, with exhibitions to Oxford 
on the Cardinal's foiindation, or the Priory. A good number of the townsmen were 
with him to day, and stated, both orally and in writing, that they thought the 
Priory better ; and he requested them to meet him by 9 A.M. on Monday to give 
their answer, with the names of those wlio agree to the school, to be sent up to 
Wolsey; if this cannot be done on Monday, then to meet him at Maidstone, on 
St. Thomas day. Dated Otford, June 30, 1525. 

On the 3rd of July following Archbishop Warham writes to 
Wolsey acknowledging the receipt of Wolsey's letter, complaining 
that he had not followed Wolsey's directions in explaining his mind 
to the inhabitants of Tonbridge, and desiring him to come to London 

* Dom. State Papers, Hen. VIII, vol. v., 1351. 

■j- Archceologia Cantiana, I., 31-33 ; D.S.P., vol. iv., pt. 1, m. 5, 1459. 



TONBRIDGE PRIORY. 343 

aucl be present at an audience to be given by tbe King to the 
President of Rouen.* 

When he was at Toubridge lately, he told the inhabitants there, of whom 
nut more than sixteen appeared before him, that he and Wolsey had thought it 
would be better for themselves and their children to have perpetually forty 
children of that county to be brought up in learning, and afterwards sent to 
Oxford, and that certain priests should serve there, for their founder, rather than 
to have six or seven canons. To this all except three answered that they 
wished to have the canons restored, but desired to be allowed till Friday follow- 
ing to discuss the matter with their neighbours. 

On that day they brought to the Archbishop at Otford the names of those 
who desired the restoration of the canons, but finally referred this matter to the 
King and Wolsey, he docs not see therefore that any bruit should arise of this, 
but some men in Kent think that nothing can be done without them. That he 
had written to tSii- Edw. Neville and the Vicar of Toubridge to stop the bniit if 
such there be ; and has ordered the Parish Priest of Cranbroke, and Pike of 
Toubridge, to come to him at Maidstone, next Wednesday, that he may know what 
they have said in this matter. He does not know any ground for Wolsey's sus- 
picion that some of those who raised the bruit, " should be towards me." If he 
finds them he will not fail to punish them. As to his coming to Lambeth, intends 
going tomorrow to Maidstone to keep the feast of the translation of St. Thomas 
on Friday. He had made great preparation there of beer, ale, and wine, and 
got all his chapel stuff ready ; and could not make other arrangements without 
great loss. He will return to Otford as soon as possible, and remain until he 
hears further from Wolsey, arranging meanwhile for his coming to Lambeth. 

That he has inquired according to Wolsey's letter about the murmur concerning 
the Priory of Tunbridge, and finds there is none, but that the inhabitants of the 
towne, and others adjoining, had leiver to have the said place not suppressed, 
if it might stand with the King's pleasure. Henry Fane and others who had a 
suit with the late Prior were supposed to have started this rumour for fear the 
Prior should be restored. As to the Parish Priest of Cranbroke, the matter was 
published by him, by the desire of the inhabitants of Toubridge, in order to get 
the advice of those of Cranbroke, as it concerned the interest of both, with 
regard to the exhibitions at school ; and those of Cranbroke concurred with the 
men of Toubridge, subject entirely to the King's pleasure. If any bad mui'mur 
had arisen he would have been the first to hear of it. He thinks the inhabit- 
ants ought not to be suspected of making murmurs on light persons' letters. 

With Wolsey's death and the grant of the lands and possession 
of the Priory at Toubridge by Henry VIII, as before mentioned, in 
the year 1532, the inhabitants of the town lost all hope of the 
advantages they had formerly derived from the Priory, without 
gaining the school. They had not, however, long to wait before 
private enterprise and liberality enabled them to obtain the advan- 
tages of a good education by the munificence of Sir Andrew Judd, 
Citizen and Skinner, who resided some time in the neighbourhood 
of Toubridge, at a place now, and then, known as Bardeu. In 1551 
he gave, iu trust to the Skinners' Company, certain houses and lands 
for this purpose, and, in 1553, obtained letters patent from Edward 
VI, wh*ich enabled him to re-endow and perpetuate iu his free gram- 
mar school those advantages which the inhabitants and the county 
had formerly derived from the disestablished Priory of St. Mary 
Magdalene. 

* D.S.P., vol. iv., pt. 1, p. 656, No, 1470 ; Otford, 2nd July 1525. 




THE CHUPtCH OP ALL 
WOODCHURCH. 



SAINTS, 



BY THE REV. F. B. WELLS (eECTOR). 

I AM not skilled in Arcliseology, and nothing but the circumstance 
that my position here has put me in possession o£ some special 
knowledge which is not at the command of others, would have 
induced me to describe this church. I shall, I think, best perform 
my part by simply drawing attention to the objects of interest, 
which still remain ; and to others which, although decayed beyond 
the reach of restoration when the church was repaired, should not 
be forgotten. 

But first I cannot suppress a reflection which suggests itself at 
the sight of such a building, viz., how it came to be built at all of 
such dimensions, in such a locality, and in such times. Besides a 
love of beauty and perhaps a feeling of laudable ambition, it must have 
required a liberal heart and a strong will to strive with the diffi- 
culties of those early days, to bring materials from the isle of Port- 
land, or perhaps from Caen, in order to carry out the pious design 
of its founder, and build a church like this in the midst of wild and 
tangled woods — for the very name of the church tells us the charac- 
ter of the spot. We may imagine how some great proprietor, 
enriched perhaps with a grant of land for military or other services, 
but looking beyond the mere gain which he might derive from the 
pannage of his swine in the wild denes of this wealden district, be- 



THE CHtlKCH OF ALL SAINTS, WOODCHrRCH. 315 

thought himself of the spiritual wants of his dependants. We may 
imagine how, at his call and through his liberal piety, some architect 
with his guild of masons and of carpenters, released, perhaps, from 
more ambitious work at the mother-church of Canterbury, made 
these wild woods resound with the axe and hammer, and raised this 
" Church in the Wood" to the glory of Grod, where many a genera- 
tion of man has since worshipped during a period of some eight 
hundred years. 

In sympathy then with the feelings which prompted the erection 
of this church, let ns proceed to examine it, beginning with the 
belfry and Early English tower.* 

1. Observe on the exterior the dripstone both over the doorway 
and the window, tei-minating with heads. t 

2. The west window is new, designed by Eerry, who was em- 
ployed in the restoration of 1858, of which more hereafter. 

3. The clock, by Dent, was a gift from Mrs. Schreiber.| 
"When I came to the living in 1841 I found the belfry boarded 

off from the church, and a huge gallery projected as far as the 
present position of the font. (The font at that time stood near the 
middle of the nave.) Beneath this gallery was a balustraded screen, 
very ngly, bearing a date, 1G97, and initials, probably those of the 
churchwardens, R. C. and J. C.§ These still remain on the present 
screen, which was formed out of the old materials. All this was 
altered shortly after I came here, with the cordial co-operation of the 
chiirchwardens. At the same time a flooring, which was considered 
necessary to steady the ropes, but which only served to cut the west 
window in half, was replaced by the iron stays, an alteration much 
opposed at the time. They have answered the purpose perfectly 
well for nearly forty years, and the plan may safely be adopted in 
any church where it is required. I mention this with a view to the 
reform of belfries and bellringing, at this time advocated by Mr. 
Knatchbull-Hugessen, Rector of Mersham. 

Before you leave the belfry you should observe the four heads, 
two again, as on the outside, terminating the label over the arch ; and 

* The inscriptions on the six bells are as follows : — 1. John Clarke and 
Gabriel Richards, Churchwardens, 17.55 ; Lester and Pack, fecit. 2. 1623, 
Josephus Hatch, fecit. 3. Joseph Hatch made me. 1608. 4. Joseph Hatch 
made me. 1608. 5. 1608. Joseph Hatch made me. 6. John Clarke and 
Gabriel Richards, Churchwardens, 17.5.3 ; Lester and Pack, London, fecit. The 
spire leans to the south, about eighteen inches out of the perpendicular, perhaps 
the cause of the large buttresses. 

t Can any opinion be given of these heads? Some are crowned and 
well executed. 

% Date of gift, August 1867. 

§ Richard and John Clarke. 



346 THE CHURCn OF ALL SAINTS, WOODCHURCH. 

two on the pillars, which were evidently intended to terminate a 
label or dripstone over the S. and N. blind arches which was never 
completed ; also more particularly the primitive parish chest, which 
may remind the classical reader of the " AJjiiis Cavnfa" of Virgil. 
I only wish that our hollowed tree had been a vessel freighted with 
some documents of more interest than a few old bills and some 
carefully kej)t j)arish books. • 

The FoifT, 
We now come to the nave, and here first I dr-aw your attention 
to the square Early Norman font. Its sides are carved with shallow 
arcading, and it stands on a circular stem with four angle-shafts. 
It was removed and placed as it stands at present in the restoration 
of 1848. At that time the whole church was refloored and reseated 
with oak, besides many minor repairs. The font cover was given 
by Mr. Schreiber ; it is said to be of the reign of Charles II. 

The Naye Eoof. 
The second great restoration was ten years later, when, in con- 
sequence of my absence from illness, Mr. Arthvir Cazenove was 
acting as my locum tenens, and rendered most efficient seiwice, with 
Mr. Eerry as architect, and Mr. William Smeeth as church- 
warden. The nave roof, now open to the ridge, was then entirely 
renewed, and the west window restored. 

The Nate Pillaes. 
If you have read Sir Stephen Grlynne's work, or rather sketch,, 
on our Kentish churches, you may possibly have come here 
with the expectation of finding the pillars of this church of beauti- 
ful marble ; but he seems to have been deceived by appearances, and, 
alas, " all is not gold that glitters."* I am obliged to confess the 
truth that what he thought to be marble is only chart-rock, scraped and 
polished some forty-five years ago with a preparation of beeswax and 
oil by Mr. W. Smeeth, a most zealous and indefatigable churchwarden, 
known for many good works of a less deceptive and questionable 

* Sir Stephen Glynne says, " A fine churcli .... of nave with N. and S. aisles ; 
chancel with N. and S. chapels, of which the southern extends wider ; a west 

tower and north porch The north porch has a circular staircase, and 

within it is a stoup. The prevailing features are very good Early English, and 
the interior is deciderlly grand and imposing. The nave has on each side a 
good arcade of four arches, with pillars of black Bethersden marble alternately 

circular and octagonal The arches have hoods, and there is no clerestory. 

.... The north and south walls have been rebuilt in the Perpendicular period. 
.... The chancel is a remarkably beautiful piece of Early English work. It 

has a fine eastern triplet with excellent mouldings, and banded shafts On 

the north are three lancets, on the south two, set on a string, also with fine 
mouldings and shafts." 



THE CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS, WOODCHURCH. 317 

chai'acter than this. At the end of the north-west aisle I may ask 
you to observe two small flat-headed lights. AVhat was the object of 
them, or rather of the recess which they lighten ? "Was it intended 
for a priest's room ? 

In the south-west aisle the two lower windows were copied 
exactly from the originals. The window (Decorated) immediately 
to the east of the south door I must be responsible for. In the 
north wall opposite, the doorway leading to the parvise is of course 
new, and the stonework still awaits some cunning hand to carve it. 

The haudsome north door was made in 1848 by Mr. Apsley of 
Ashford, copied from one at Peterborough Cathedral. 
East Exd of Nate; and the Chajs^cel. 

I will now request your more . critical attention to the east end 
and chancel, and for the sake of convenience I will include the 
pulpit, and the rood-loft which once existed, in this division of my 
subject. I must appeal to the knowledge of some present to 
correct or confirm the opinion which I have been led to form of 
this part of the structure as it originally stood, from certain marks 
which presented themselves in the walls during the progress of the 
repairs. 

1. But before I do this, you should observe the beautiful Per- 
pendicular oak panels (of the old rood screen) which now form the 
pulpit, the reading-desk, and organ-screen. They were found sadly 
mutilated and almost concealed beneath the deal "Three-decker" 
(pulpit, reading-desk, and clerk's pew), which then occupied the 
site of the present pulpit, and, with the rector's pew or room 
ojjposite, almost shut the altar out from view. 

2. I call your attention to the well-known brass of Nicholas de 
Gore,* mentioned by Boutell as standing seventeenth in point of 
date among existing brasses. This was removed from the middle 
of the centre aisle to its present phice for the sake of securit}^ 
The stem was already gone when I came here. 

Rood-loft and Two Staiecases. 
Now I very much require your indulgence and assistance as to 
the question of the rood-loft, of which the only parochial tradition 

* The figure of a priest in full vestments, standing in a floriated circle of 
Flemish workmanship. Legend, in old French, in Lombardic characters, a 
doggerel rhyme, circa 1320, viz. : — 

Maistre Nichol de Gore 

Gist on ceste place 

Jhesu Crist prioms ore 

Qe Merci lui face. 



348 THE ciiuiicn of all saints, woodchurch. 

that I ever licard is, that this was a gallery where the bows and 
arrows of the parish were kept in the olden times. 

I must ask you to observe closely the stone steps and labelled 
doorway N.W. o£ the chancel arch, which lead to the pulpit, and 
which were walled up and concealed ; also the string course on 
the wall 3| feet above the pulpit doorway. Now between this 
string course and the pulpit door there were found in the wall 
distinct marks of another low door, such as a wooden sill and side 
post with iron latch, all so decayed that they at once fell to pieces 
when the rubble, which filled up the space, was removed. Can this 
lost doorway have been the entrance to the rood-loft ? I must ask 
you to look carefully at another door and staircase, in the north 
wall opposite, which, like many other things in this world, now lead 
to nothing. At the top of this second staircase there were also 
traces of wood-work, corresponding with those already mentioned 
as existing over the pulpit, seeming to shew that a slanting gallery 
sprung from that north doorway to the lost doorway above the 
pulpit. 

On this point I should mucli like the opinion of experts, as I 
certainly am not qualified to pronounce an opinion, except so far as 
I am guided by the signs or traces just mentioned, and of which I 
can speak confidently, although they are now lost to sight. 

Tablet to Mr. Scheeibee, in the N.E. Chapel. 
Some present may observe with interest a more modern work in 
the wall of the N.E. chapel. I mean the handsome tablet placed to 
the memory of the late Charles John Schreiber, Esq., of Henhurst, 
in this parish, so well known for his general liberality, but to be 
more fitly mentioned on this occasion as the munificent donor of 
the greater part of the oak timber,* enabling us to reseat the 
church with material, the most appropriate in this county. 

High Chakcel. 

We now proceed to the high chancel. My predecessor. Dr. 

Nott, gave the sum of £500 to the repair of this chancel, which was 

all expended on the roof, the reredos, and the altar-rail. This last 

is one of the happily few remaining specimens of the attempt to 

* I understood at the time that this beautiful oak had been cut into planks 
and seasoned some eleven years before, and was intended for staircases, doors, 
etc., in a new building. Apsley told me it was worth 7s. 6d. a foot, but could 
not be purchased anywhere ; he valued it at about £80, but said it could not be 
valued by the trade. It is hard as metal. I ought to mention that Mr. Peel 
Croughton of Heronden gave four fine oak-ti'ees at the same time. 



THE CHUUCH OF ALL SAINTS, WOODCHTJRCH. 349 

supersede the handicraft of the skilled carver, by the pressure of 
wood by steam. 

lu ^Yhat I have called the great restoration of 1848, the old floor 
of the chancel was removed, and the ground-plan of the original floor 
then exposed was followed as closely as possible in repaving it with 
the present encaustic tiling. The large Harlackenden tomb, which 
at that time disfigured the X. wall of this chancel, being in a 
very dilapidated stale, was rebuilt in the S.E. chapel ; on removing 
it the aumbry, with depressed shoiilder'd arch, which now serves 
for a credence table, was discovered ; and we fitted it with a slab 
of Bethersden marble. This was done with the approval of Mr. 
John Henry Parker. The slab is a good specimen of the difference 
between the Purbeck and the Bethersden or Petworth formation. 

The fact should not be omitted, in speaking of the floor of this 
chancel, that it was formerly about seven inches below the level of 
the nave, from which it was descended by a step. The line of this 
step you will see marked by a row of encaustic tiles. 

I suppose that it is unnecessary for me to say anything of the 
" Squints," if we are contented with plain English terms, or 
Hagioscopes, if we wish to display our learning. In the centre 
window you will see the only remaining piece of old glass of any 
interest in this church. The subject appears to be the entomb- 
ment, probably of our Lord or the blessed Virgin. 

Before you leave this chancel, you will observe the beautiful tre- 
foil arches of the double piscina; and next to them the three sedilia. 
With the floor at its present level, it certainly would be an im- 
possibility for any one with legs of the ordinary length to sit there. 

South Chapels. 
I speak of this part of the church in the plural, because it was 
formerly divided into two chapels. This is shewn by the stoup in 
the middle of the south wall, and is further proved by a division in 
the roof, which was originally built in two elevations. These chapels 
were restored in the second or third year of my incumbency. 

Altae-tombs. 
The large altar-tomb in the middle is the one already men- 
tioned as removed from the high chancel. It is raised to the 
memory of Thomas Harlackenden, and on the top of the marble 
slab which covers it (of Purbeck, not Bethersden marble) you will 
find some loose brasses to the memory of the same individual. The 
Latin legend on the brass border round the tomb is modern, and 
had the advantage of Archbishop Howley's valuable criticism. 



350 THE CHURCH of all saints, woodchurch. 

Behind llii.s stands a tomb, in tlic corner, against the 8. wall, 
though not so handsoinc, yet far more interesting. It is the tomb 
of Edward A\'^at('rhouse, of whom Mr. Furley, in his most interest- 
ing history of the Weald, tells us that he was Queen Elizabeth's 
Chancellor of the Excheqiicr. The legend round it only mentions 
that he was one of Queen Elizabeth's Privy Councillors employed 
in Ireland.* He died, or at least was buried, in this parish, in the 
year 1591. If I had time I could tell how his name was brought 
forward in the House of Commons during the discussions on the 
Disestablishment of the Irish Church. t I must leave the armorial 
bearings with the numerous quarterings over this tomb to those 
who are learned in such matters. 

Again, if I had time, I should have wished to read a few short 
extracts concerning one Eoger Harlackenden, and the state of the 
parish in those days, copied very kindly at my request by Canon 
Scott Robertson from the presentments made at the visitation of 
Archbishop AVarhara, a.d. 1511. I am afraid they will not do 
much credit to the Woodchurch of that day, and may possibly dis- 
enchant some of our friends who are enamoured Avith the supposed 
ideal of unity and concord which blessed the pre-Hef ormation period. 

A.D. 1511. — Presentments made at the Visitation of ArchhisTiop 
TFarham respecting WoodcJmrcJi . 

That Roger Harlakinden is a common oppressor of his neigh- 
bours whom none loveth. 

Item that he is meddling of many matters, and will check the 
parson and the priests that they cannot be (at) rest for him. 

Item that he bringeth into his house regular men to sing mass 
in an oratory with him, by what authority we cannot tell. 

[He denied that he had done so except in time of sickness, 
which, in his opinion, he had a right to do.] 

Item that upon St. Thomas's Day, three years ago, the keys 
were taken away by him, and there was no mass nor matins sung 
there that day. 

[He denied that he was the person who withdrew the keys.] 

Item that he jangleth and talketh in the church when he is 
there, and letteth others to say their devotions. 

[He denieth this, but he was enjoined that in time of service he 

* " Echvardus Waterhouse, miles, Eeginse Elizabethae, a consiliis Kegni sui 
Hiberui^." 

f He married Debora, widow of Martin Harlackenden, 1586, and lived only 
five years after. (Record in the Parish Chiirch Register.) 



THE CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS, WOODCHURCH. 351 

should be praying sitting in his scat, and not talking with anybody 
in the church under pain of excommunication.] 

Item that the chancel hath need of reparation both above and 
beneath. 

[The Rector was enjoined to do all tliat was necessary.] 

Item that the body of the church is unrepaired. 

[The churchwardens were enjoined to repair the nave before the 
day of St. John Baptist.] 

Item that Thomas Withersden holdeth two women suspiciously. 

[N.B. He has now left the diocese.] 

Item that the executor of Wm. Bocher withdraweth a certain 
bequest of William Harlackynden, to the which the said William 
Bocher was executor, and denieth to pay it; the sum of 20 marks, 
which sum Eoger Harlackynden as executor ought to pay. 

[Roger H. denied his liability, and the churchwardens failed to 
prove it at a subsequent court held at Lydd.] 

Item that the heirs of Margaret, late wife of John Browne, 
withhold a chalice of 40s. and a lamp of 20s. from the church. 

[Paid.] 

Item that Robert Scott of Halden, executor of Robert Typen- 
den, oweth for a bequest of R. T. £5. 

[Robert Scott is dead, and there is no hope of payment.] 

Item that the same Robert Scott oweth for a bequest of Robert 
Brown 6s. 8d. 

The only other object to which I need draw your attention is 
the painted window above you — not so much however as a work of 
art, as a just tribute to the memory of a very excellent and useful 
man, Mr. William Smeeth, and for thirty-five years our active 
churchwarden. 

It only remains for me to express the gratification which your 
visit to this church has given us. I imagine that such visits must 
give a stimulus to those Avho, being cut ofl'from the busy world, may 
be inclined to fall asleep in these out-of-the-way corners of the 
land, and may probably excite a spirit of emulation to adorn, or at 
least to keep in ordei*, these sacred edifices ; and, by so doing, to 
promote higher aud more spiritual feehugs which are certainly much 
needed in these latter days. 



352 THE cuuRcn of all saints, woodchtjrch. 

NOTES. 

I have drawn up a few notes relative to the last of the Clarke family — 
once famous in tliis parisli ; and also a speculation on the strange name of our 
inn, the Bonny Cravat. The sign is unique in iMigland. 

Jn the ' Dictiounaire de I'Acadd'niie ' I find : — " Cravate, sf., d'un drapeau, 
rornenient de sole brodu d'or, ou d 'argent, qu'on attache comme une cravate 
an haut de la lance d'un drapeau ct dont les bouts sont pendants" (knot of a 
flagstaff ; colour-knot). 

'• Cravate, sm., corruption de Create, chcval de Croatie, milice a cheval 
Ecgiment dc Creates." 

It is easy to infer that some young adventurer from Woodchurch, a second 
Captain Dalgettj^ or Butler (see Schiller's " Wallenstein,'' Coleridge's transla- 
tion), enlisted as a •' free lance" in this Croat Kegimont, and came home proud 
of his colours and his service. We ought to have as a sign u gallant Croat, 
mounted, bearing the colours, instead of a " Neck-tie.'' " Jenny, come tie up my 
Bonny Cravat." Larwood and Hotten, in their history of " Sign Boards," seem 
just to have missed this conjecture. They say the fashion of wearing this 
article of dress was said to have been brought over from Germany in the seven- 
teenth century by some of the young French nobility who had served the 
Emperor in his wars with the Turks, and had copied this garment from the 
Croats. 

Clarke Family. — A few years ago Lieut.-Colonel James, then of Hyde 
Park Terrace, called on me in company with Mr. Terry, churchwarden, anxious 
to discover any traces of the Clarkes, with whom, I think he said, he was con- 
nected by marriage. He told us that one of the Clarke family, a Royalist, 
served with James II in Ireland, and afterwards fled with him to France, 
where he rose by military service and was ennobled. That at some time 
early in this century, one of the family, I understood him to say, the " Mar6- 
chal," visited Woodchurch and inquired about the family ; that being a 
draughtsman he took a sketch of the church, and that in the portrait of this 
" Marechal " of France in the picture-gallery at Versailles, forming the back- 
ground of the picture, there is a representation of this church.* A probability of 
this story is found in the following circumstances : — First, I found, curiously 
enough, in reading a book sent to me unordered. ' An Inland Voyage,' by R. 
Louis Stevenson, along the rivers and canals in S. Belgium and N. France, the 
following passage: "At Landrecies (now Cambray) we visited the church. 
There lic.t Marshal Clarlte. But neither of us had heard of that military hero ; " 
and so they did not trouble themselves about him or his monument. Judg- 
ing from the French extract below, he is as well forgotten. 

A Military " Vicar op Bray." 
"Clarke (H. Ju-Gu, Due de Feltre), homme d'etat; Landrecies 17G9-1818. 
II fut ministre de la guerre (1807) sous Napoleon, qu'il avait et6 Charge do Sur- 
veiller par le Directoire, et qu'il abandonna pour Louis XVIII, qui le nomma 
une seconde fuis ministre (1815) et Marechal de France (1816). II signa I'acte 
d'accusation centre Ney et ce fut sous son miuistere que furent constituees les 
cours prevotales." — Biographic Portative Unircrsclle, Paris, 1853. 



COPIES OF INSCRIPTIONS. 
Thomas Harlakynden. 
Here under this tombe restithe in the mercy of God the bodyes of Thomas 
Harlakyuden esquyer Elizabeth and Margaret his wyves trusting on the 
Resurrection of the last day which Thomas decessyd the 25 day of August 
Ann" dom. Mov'LVili and y^ said Elizabeth dyed y'= iii day of Aprell An° 
M^V^xxxix and Margaret deceisid y' day of A" M°v"^ on whose 

soules Jh'u have mercy. 

* So far verified : in the autumn of last year my sisters, being at Versailles, 
at my request inquired, found the picture, and procured me an engraving of it 
(now in my possession), with Woodchurch spire in the distance. 



THE CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS, WOODCHTJRCH. 353 

Legend (modern Latin) round the tomb (restored) of Thomas Harlakynden. 

" Hoc monumentum Thom?e Harlackendeni memorise sacrum vetustate jam 
paene dilapsum, suis impensis rcficicudum curavit Thomas Carolus Burt pi6 
solicitus, ne, marmore dilapso, veteris ct honestse familiaj mcmoria ipsa dilaba- 
tur." 

INSCKIPTION ON THE BRASS IN FLOOR OF SOUTII CHAPEL. 
" Here lyeth the bodie of Martin Harlakiuden esquier whose Christian fayth 
was well approved by his lyfe, his zeale was great to see pure religion established 
with a full and perfect reformation. Blessed art thou reader and whosoe shall 
desire the same to the Glorie of God, he died the vijth of Januarie 1584 leaving 
by Dcbora his wife y^ daughter of Thomas Whetenhall, Debora Harlakinden 
his only child.'' 

Waterhouse Inscription. 

" Edward* Waterhouse Miles Kegine a consiliis regni sui Hibernise Obiit 13 die 
Octobris 1591." 



WOODCHURCH COMMUNION PLATE. 
Communicated to me by Mr. Wilfred Cripps. 

I. The plain chalice (or more properly the Communion cup) on conical stem 
was made in 1635, but the form of the Hall-mark (S.) is a very imusual one. 
It is found on a piece of plate at Clothmakers' Hall, London, but most examples 
have a different letter. The maker's mark is I.A.G. in linked letters, and is not 
a well-known one. W. is that of a London maker. The conical foot is, probably, 
about forty years younger than the cup ; perhaps it was repaired about 1670 or 
1675. The paten is of the date and make of the cup. 

II. The large paten on a foot is of the year 1707, the year mentioned in the 
engraved inscription. It was made by a silversmith named John Boddington, 
who also made the flagon at North Cerney Church near Cirencester, and a 
coilee-pot that has been in my own family for many years. He was a well- 
known maker. It is of the higher standard silver used from 1697 to 1720. 

III. The tall flagon is of ordinary silver, made in 1723, the year of the 
inscription upon it, by a man who I do not know, but who made an alms dish, 
given in this very same year to St. Margaret's Church, W^estminster, and other 
plate of the same period. 

IV. The dish is, alas, of pewter. 




YOL. XIV. 



A A 



( 354. ) 



WOODCIIURCn NOTES. 

BY CANON SCOTT ROBERTSON. 

EECTOES OF WOODCHUECH. 

EoBEET DE Norton was collated to this rectory by Archbishop 
Eeyuolds {Beg., £ol. 12=^) iu September 1314 ; but he 
resigned it in the following year. He was an ecclesias- 
tical lawyer, who became Dean of the Arches ; Eector of 
Ickham 1322 ; Eector of Ivycburcb 1323-25 ; and a Canon 
of Wingliam 1326. 

Egbert de Terrtkg succeeded Norton, and was instituted by the 
same Arcbbishop {Beg., fol. 15'^) in July 1315. He died 
in 1321. 

Adam de Pentton, " medicns,'''' the " medical chaplain " of Arch- 
bishop Eeynolds, was by him collated {Beg., fol. 28") in 
May 1321. He was promoted to the rectory of Chartham 
early in the spring of the year 1323. 

EiCHARD DE Ktkton, who is described as the Archbishop's servant 
or household chaplain {familiaris suits), was collated in 
February 1322-3 (Eeynolds's Beg., fol. 32'0. 

Nicholas de Gore, tolwse monumental brass 7'emains in the chancel, 
was prohahly Bector here at about this period. 

EoGER Dtggs, Eector of Cuxton (1327-33), was promoted to 
Woodchurch in 1333. 

William de Tunstall, who had been Eector of Ham, held the 
benefice of Woodchurch for some time, until he was 
promoted to the rectory of Tunstall in October 13G1. 

*-Vf -4^ ^ ^ ^ 

^ %/f ^ TT VT 

John Satage held this benefice from October 1375 (when he was 
collated by Archbishop Sudbury, Beg., fol. 115'') until 
April 1386, when he effected an exchange, and took the 
Eectory of St. Mary Moses, Friday Street, London. 

William Dapur, who had been Eector of Adisham for a day, in 
March 1378-9, and then Eector of Penshurst, but who had 
become Eector of St. Mary Moses, Friday Street, ex- 
changed that living for Woodchurch, and was instituted 
by Archbishop Courtenay {Beg., fol. 261'') April 4th, 1386. 

John Prien, styled " magister " because he had obtained the 



RECTORS OF WOODCHURCH. 355 

degree of Master of Arts, or one of higher rauk, held the 
Rectory of Woodchurch for a short time. He resigned it 
in A.D. 1400. 

Thomas Evekdon, a chajolain, succeeded Prien, being instituted by 
Archbishop Arundel, January 24th, 1400-1 {Reg., i., 273''), 
but he resigned in the following year. 

Matthew Lytherland, a chaplain, was collated by Arundel {Reg., 
i., 282'^) 20th of April 1402, and held the benefice during 
two years. In those two years he proceeded to a higher 
degree at his University, so that when he resigned he was 
styled " magister." 

William Ttrell, a chaplain, was Lytherland's successor, being col- 
lated on the 9th of March 1403-4 (Arundel's Reg., i., 
288»). He exchanged with 

Hugh Setue, Eector of St. Thomas the Martyr at Winchelsea, 
w^ho was instituted Apx-il 20th, 1406 (Arundel's Reg., i., 

307"). 

****** 

4E: ^ ^ ^ ^ # 

Richard Atkinson, author of a Commentary on the Pirst Epistle 
to the Corinthians, was Rector of Woodchurch at some 
time, about this period, but the date is uncertain. 

In A.D. 1437, William Range, a chaplain here, was 
hiiried in the church. 

John Hawktns was collated hither, on the death of the previous 
Rector, by Archbishop Morton {Reg., 155'') on the 17th 
of September 1493. 

Thomas Mtlltng, LL.B., on tiie death of his predecessor, was 
admitted to the benefice by Archbishop Warham {Reg., 
fol. 365*^) on the 30th of April 1518 ; but in the following 
year he w^as promoted to Chartham, vice Walter Stonedean. 

Thomas Welles, Prior of St. Gregory's, Canterbury, a native of 
Alresford, Hants ; Fellow of New College, Oxford, 1484 ; 
Bishop of Sidon 1505, and for six years suffragan of Can- 
terbury ; became Rector of Woodchurch on the 15th of 
May 1519. He had been Rector of Heyford Warreyn 
1499-1505 ; Vicar of Holy Cross, Canterbury, and Rector 
of Chartham 1508 ; Arch-presbyter of Ulcombe Church 
until March 1512-13 ; Vicar of Lydd 1514-23 ; Rector of 
Adisham 1523 ; he died in 1526. 

Richard Benger probably succeeded Bishop Welles in 1526. 
He died in 1545. 

John Ramsey succeeded Benger, being collated by Archbishop 
Cranmer {Reg., fol. 396") on the 3rd of July 1545. He 
died in September 1551. 

Thomas Courthope died in 1553. 

William G-wte Avas Rector in 1554-5. He resided outside the 
diocese, and his curate was named John Girdlsr. 

* * * * In 1560, the Rector of Biddenden was also 
Rector of Woodchurch. I cannot clearly ascertain 

A A 2 



356 WOODCUURCH NOTES. 

whether this was Dr. John Leffe (Eector of Biddenden 
1550-5) or hjs successor. 

TuoMAS Pett was collated by Archbishop Parker {Beg., fol. 3Gi'') 
on the 4th of May 1564 ; and held the benefice until 1579, 
when he resigned. 

Andrew Dowle, who became Rector in May 1579, died in 1582. 

RicuARD Bird, S.T.P., was collated in 1582. He held the Vicar- 
age of Brookland (1597-1609) and also the tenth Pre- 
bendal Stall in Canterbury Cathedral from 1590 until 
1609, when he died. 

John Bancroft, S.T.B., succeeded Dr. Bird, being collated by 
his uncle Archbishop Bancroft {Beg., fol. 291'') on the 
28th of June 1609. During twenty-four years he held 
this benefice. Having become Bishop of Oxford (June 
10th, 1632) he resigned Woodchurch in 1633. He re- 
tained, with his Bishopric, the Rectory of Biddenden 
(1610-40) and the impropriate rectorial tithes of St. Mary 
Cray, but he gave up the Rectory of Orpington which he 
had held from a.d. 1608. In the year 1633, by the Pri- 
mate's license, he consecrated a chapel in the dwelling- 
house of Sir John Sedley, called St. Cleres, at Ightham, on 
the 12th of October. He was Master of University Col- 
lege in Oxford, and his arms impaled with those of the 
College, and also with those of Oxford University, are 
still emblazoned in a window of his Rectory-house at 
Orpington, which is now called Orpington Priory, and is 
the residence of Dr. Broome. 

Edward Boughar was instituted by Archbishop Abbot {Beg., iii., 
201) on May 21st, 1633. Mr. William Finch, of Wood- 
church, wrote thus to Sir Edward Dering on the 7th of 
January 164^, making complaint " of the ministry at 
Woodchurch, performed by Mr. Edward Boughen, with 
single sermons on the Lord's days, and oftentimes the 
only reading of an homily ; and in his absence, without 
either" .... "his exalting the Communion Table and 
compelling the churchwardens to rail in the same, refusing 
to administer to such as came not thereunto ; his seldom 
warning of Communions, viz., once a quarter or there- 
abouts ; beside, at Easter time, his walking the parish 
round in his surplice and hood, reading prayers and psalms 
at divers crossways, and digging crosses in the earth at 
divers places of the outbounds of the same." His holding 
the King's Commission of the Peace was made a matter of 
complaint by the parishioners at the same time, and he 
was removed from his benefice. He lived until the Re- 
storation, and was then reinstated. 
Stephen Mun, who probably succeeded Boughen, died March 6, 

168f. 
Thomas Huxley, S.T.B., was collated by Archbishop Sancroft 
{Beg., fol. 403») on the 10th of April 1684. In November 



RECTORS OF WOODCHURCH. 35? 

1685 the Archbishop issued his certificate that Stephen 
Mun had died on March G, 16St, and that Thomas Huxley 
died on September 5, 1685 {Rer/., fol. 260^). 

John Loye was collated by the same primate {Beg., fol. 411*) on 
the 1st of October 1685. He died in 1688. 

Henet Hughes, Senior, was collated by the same Archbishop 
{Reg., fol. 425'>) on the 19th of January 168|. 

Henet Hughes, Junior, died in 1704. 

Edwaed Beooke became Eector September 30th, 1704. He died 
February 28, 1728-9. 

William Geekie, LL.D. (whom Hasted erroneously calls John 
Geekie), was collated 3rd March 172|. He was Eector of 
Southfleet 1729-67 ; xlrchdeacon of Gloucester ; and Pre- 
bendary of Canterbury for 40 years. Having vacated 
Woodchurch for Cheveuing in i7|-|, he held the latter 
only two years. When he died, in July 1767, he was 
buried at Ickham, in the vault of the Head family ; his 
sister having married Archdeacon (afterwards Sir John) 
Head, Eector of Ickham. 

Heebeet Eandolph, Eector of Upper Deal 1726, and one of the 
Six Preachers in Canterbury Cathedral, became Eector of 
Woodchurch in March 1729-30. From his father, who 
was Eecorder of Canterbury, he inherited an estate called 
Lessenden in Biddenden. He was buried September 8, 
1755, in Canterbury Cathedral. 

Nicholas Caetee, S.T.P., was collated in September 1755. He 
held also the Eectory of Ham, together with this benefice, 
and the Perpetual Curacy of Deal Chapel. His daughter, 
Elizabeth Carter, was well known for her learning. He 
died October 23, 1774. 

John Couetail, Vicar of Burwash, Sussex, held this benefice with 
that vicarage for more than 20 years, being admitted to 
the Eectory of Woodchurch in April 1775. 

Geoege Mueeat, who succeeded Courtail, was a grandson of the 
Duke of Atholl. He became Eector of Bishopsbourne ; 
Dean of Worcester ; and Bishop, first of Sodor and Man 
(1813-27) ; and then of Eochester (1827-60). 

Cheistophee Woedswoeth ultimately presided over Trinity 
College at Cambridge, as Master, from 1820 to 1841. 

Geoege Nott, D.D., was Eector of Harrietsham and of" Wood- 
church from 1813 until he died in 1841. He was a Fellow 
of All Souls, Oxford ; a Prebendaiy of Winchester ; and 
Preceptor in English History to the Princess Charlotte of 
Wales. He resided partly at Winchester, and partly at 
Eome ; never at Woodchurch. 

Fkancis Ballaeu Wells, the present Eector, was Private 
Secretary to Archbishop Howley, who collated him to the 
Eectory of Woodchurch in 1841. He is the first resident 
Eector whom the pai'ish had seen for a long period ; and 
he has done very much for the fabric of the church. 



( 358 ) 



HARLAKENDEN OF WOODCHURCH. 

Mb. G. Steinman Steinman, witli great pains and industry, col- 
lected all the evidences which lie could find resjjecting the liar- 
lakendcn family, and puhlished the complete pedigree in the 
Topograplier and Genealogist, vol. i., pp. 228-258; iii., 215-223. 
He however had failed to discover that in 1317 there were living 
Moyses de Harlakendeune with Juliana his wife, and William de 
Harlakendeuue with Amanda his wife. Probably Moyses and 
William were brothers. They had dealings with Hamo Colbraund, 
of Eomuey,* respecting land in Hope All Saints ; and between 
themselves there were transfers of land at Shaddockshurst, Ware- 
horn, and Orlestone.f I fear that the earlier entries in Mr. Stein- 
man's version of the pedigree require a good deal of elucidation. 

Mr. Steinman says that the ancient inscription formerly in the 
south chancel of Woodchurch Church, w^hich seemed to comme- 
morate William Harlakeuden as having died April 30, 1081, was 
really inscribed to William Harlakenden who died in 1481. His 
will was dated April 20th, and proved on October 2ud, 1481. This 
gentleman in 1450 joined, with many others, in Jack Cade's 
rebellion. 

Mr. Steinman prints an inscription from a monumental brass, 
in the south chancel, which bore the figure of a man, and a shield 
of armorial bearings : " Hie jacet Eogerus Harlakynden Armiger 
filius Will'i Harlakynde' qui obiit xxix die mens' Martij Anno D'ni 
M'^ v<= xxiij" cujus ai'e p'piciet' deus Amen." Against him com- 
plaints were made at the visitation of Archbishop AV^arham, in 
1511. 

Mr. Steinman thus describes the tomb of Thomas Harlakenden 
who died in 1558, as it formerly appeared, before the chancel was 
restored : — " Against the north wall of the high chancel ; it is of 
Bethersden marble. It has a canopy over it, and at the back are 
figures in brass of a man kneeling before a desk, with six sons 
behind him. At the other side of the desk are figures of two women 
kneeling, the first being attended by three daughters, the last by 
one. Over the man is the arms of Harlakenden. Over the first 
woman, Halakenden impaling (azure ?) a cross engrailed ermine ; 
over the second, Harlakenden impaling a mullet pierced." 

* Archceoloqia Cantiana, XIII.. 314, .316. 
t Ibid., XIIL, 315, 318. 



WOODCHURCH NOTES. 359 

Martin Harlakenden, who died in January 1584-5, left an only 
child and heiress Deborah, who in May 1602 married Sir Edward 
Hales. She inherited, from her father, only one moiety of his 
estate, together with the mansion-house called Hendon. The other 
moiety of the estate, together with the manor of Harlakenden, aud 
Woodchurch Place House, were bequeathed by Martin Harlakenden 
to his widow for her life (she lived until 1611), and after her death, 
to his cousin "Walter, son of Zaccheus Harlakenden, of Ufton in 
Tunstall. 

I find that one Thomas Harlakenden was churchwarden of 
Asliford in 1552 ; perhaps he was the gentleman whose tomb at 
"Woodchurch is above mentioned. The pedigree does not enable us 
to identify Henry Harlackendeu, whose daughter married William 
Glover, and became the mother of Susan Glover who married John 
Phillipot, the herald, in 1612. 

During the first years of the Great Eebellion, Richard Harla- 
kenden and bis first cousin William, both of Earls Colue in Essex, 
were active supporters of the Parliament. They were grandsons of 
Roger Harlakenden of Kenardington, steward of Edward Earl of 
Oxford, from whom he purchased the manor of Earls Colne, in 
September 1583. Roger's heir, his second son Richard, who pur- 
chased the Priory at Earls Colue in 1592-3, was father of the Par- 
liamentary Deputy-Lieutenant, Richard Harlakenden. Roger's third 
son, Thomas, was father of William Harlakenden, of New House, 
Earls Colne, another Deputy-Lieutenant for Essex. In August 
1613 he was deputed, by the Essex Committee at Colchester, to 
attend the general meeting at Cambridge. William Harlakenden 
was an active leader, aud rendered much assistance to Cromwell 
during that month. In 1654 the degree of LL.D was conferred 
upon him by the University of Cambridge. 

Those who desire to investigate the pedigree thoroughly must 
refer to Mr. Steinman's elaborate version of it. Eor the conve- 
nience of general reference the following condensed sketch of it is 
here given : — 



360 



wooDcnuRcn notes. 



PEDIGREE OF IIARLAKENDEN OF WOODCHURCH. 
Arms. — Azure, a f esse Eriitinc hctnrin three lions' Iwads erased Or. 
William narlakcudcn.=T= 

Thomas 

I 
William (of Woodchurcb A.D. 1286). 

John (A.D. U2(\). 

I 
Thomas (a.d. 1408). 

Moyses.=^Petronella. 



William,=:Alice (or 3. John (of =p Joan Robert, of Halden.=Agnes. 
ob. 1481. Elizabeth). Warehorn). j Willes. Will 1469. 



2 I 1 I 1 _ 

Alice, d.=^Eoger,=pl\rargaret, Godleve. Thomas,-T-Juliana. John.=pJoane 



of Ric. 

Cole- 

peper. 



ob. 
1523. 



d. & h. of 
Guy Ellis, 
ob. 1479. 



ob. 1476. 



Phillipes. 



1 2 I I M 1 

Thomas,=pElizabeth^Margaret Robert. John. Joan. Mildred. 



ob.l558, 
ast. 81, 



Watno, 
ob.l539. 



Draper, 
widow. 



Alice. 



I 1 2 

George,=Mary, d. of Sir=Elizabeth, d. of 
ob.l565. Jno. Guldeford. Thos. Hardres. 



Roger. William. 
Thomas. Francis. 



I 1 2 1 II 

Martin,=Jaue Cope.=^Deborah, d. of Thos. Margaret. =: John Letyce. 

ob. o. s.p. I Whetenhall, ob. o. s.p. Crispe, — 

1584-5. 1611. Remar. Sir 1576. of Katharine. 

I E, Waterhouse. Quex. 

Deborah, d. and h.. mar. 1G02.=fSie Edward Hales. 



^ 



M III 

Robert, of^Alice, d. of Peter. Elizabeth. 



Bridge, 
ob. 1557. 



John Seath — 
of Milton. Alex. 



Anne. 
Margaret. 



Thomas,= 
of Ware- 
horn. 



:Mary =^Elizabeth, d. 
Londe- and coh. of 
noys, of Hugh North- 
Brede. wood of Cal- 
lis Court, in 
Thanet. 



John, of New=pJane Bringbourne, William, of Roger, of Alice. =Henry 
Romney. of Faversham. Earls Colne, Kenard- Thomp- 

I ob. 1605. ington, son. 

] and Earls 

Colne ob. 
1603. 

William of Little Yeldham, ob. 1659. 4- 

A 



George.=f= Fra. Latham. 



HARLAKENDEN OF WOODCHURCH. 



361 



Bridget, d. of=pWalter,= 
John Astley | of Uf- 
of Melton j ton, in 
Constable Tun- 

and Ufton, [ stall ob. 
ob. lofiy. , 1603. 



=Susan Roper,=Cicely, d. and h. 
sister of 1st of John Wygan, 
Lord Teyn- widow of Rio. 
ham, ob. 1587. Burston of Shorue. 



Anne.:=Christopher 
Redwood. 



Zachcus,=pMargaret Trollop. Dorotliy Jonathan 
nat. 1566, ob. 1603. ' (o. inf.). (o. inf.). 

ob. 1603. 



Janc.=:Hen. Clifford 
mar. 1587, 
Dec. 26. 



Walter, of Wood-= 
church, ob. 162-8. 



=Paulina, d. of Sir Thos. Michael, 
Colepeper, ob. 1625. ob. 1596. 



Anne, Susanna, 
ob.l603. ob. inf. 



Elizabeth,^Thomas,=j=Philippa, d. of 1st Elizabeth. Mary. 



ob. 1681. 



ob. 1689, I Lord Colepeper. 
set. CA. 



Katherine. Paulina. 



Thomas, 
ob. 1675. 



George, living=pAnne. Rebekah,:=Rev. Thos. Elizabeth, 

1699. Sold the I ob. 1706. Wrightson, nat. 1662. 
Woodchurch I rector of E. — 

estate. ] Horsley. Walter, liv- 

I 1 T ing 1689. 



Gilbert, William, 
nat. 1683, ob. inf. 



Katherine, 
nat. 1685. 



II III 

Henry, Walter, nat. 1577,=^Jane, d. of Elizabeth, mar. Sarah. John, 

ob. 1601. ob. 1620. ] Thos. Proude. Thos. Awdley. 



Silvester of Ufton,=pElizabeth, Thomas, Roger,=:Elizabeth, d. of Susanna. 
ob. 1659, ast. 54. I d. of Thos. nat. nat. Rev. Francis 

I Stringer. 1606. 1612. Rogers, D.D. 



Walter, Silvester, =f:Blizabeth. Rebecca. John. Mary, 
ob. inf. nat. 16il, 

ob, 1678-9. Martha. 



James. Sarah. 



Thomas, ob. 1674, 
bur. at Tunstall. 



I I 

Silvester, of Ufton, nat. 1676, hanged 1704 Joel, ob. inf. 
for the murder of Robert Wincoll, He 
had sold Ufton, a few years before. 



( 362 ) 
SMALLIIYTnE CHURCH. 

BY THE REV. FKANCIS HASLEAVOOD. 

Tuis church, dedicated to St. Jolni tlie Baptist, is about three miles 
from Tenterdeu. According to Hasted, it was first licensed by 
Arcbbisbop Warhani, 5 May 1509, on the petition of the inhabitants 
on account of the distance from their parish church, the badness of 
the roads, and the danger from floods. Power was also then given 
of burying in this chapel-yard the bodies of those who were cast by 
shipwreck on the shore of the sea " infra predictum oppidum de 
Smallhythe:" from this it appears that the sea, or an estuary at least, 
came up to this place so lately as the year 1509. There is als(? 
reference to Smallhythe as a haven as early as Edward III (Furley, 
ii., 338). 

The chapel is an interesting specimen of brickwork, the mullions 
of the windows are of the same material, its chief feature being the 
two stepped gables, east and west of the building. There is a stoup 
within the porch, and a w^ooden screen which forms the chancel. 
The roof is well formed, though this, as well as the rest of the 
building, sadly needs the restorer's hand. 

Walker, in his ' Sufferings of the Clergy ' (p. 378), relates how 
Thomas Tournay, rector of Wittersham, was sequestered from his 
living. He suffered a great deal of persecution, and being called to 
Tenterden to answer some accusations against him, was obliged to 
borrow a horse, which was unbroken and unmanageable. The man 
who furnished the animal advised Mr. Tournay not to ride with 
spurs. He was acquitted on certain charges, and sent home. After 
his departure messengers were despatched to overtake him, the 
noise of whose approach set the young horse running down a hill 
called Small Hith Street ; his bridle broke, and his horse threw him, 
just opposite the church. 

This furnished his enemies with grounds for certain imputations 
against him, the charge being " that at such a time he got drunk 
at Tenterden, and coming home, as he came by Small Hith Church, 
he alighted from his horse, and fell down on the ground, and wor- 
shipped the church." 

Over the porch at the west-end is a small niche, possibly in this 
was placed some image, before which Tournay was uniustlv accused 
of prostrating himself. 




\^.]--o 



( 363 ) 



CHAPEL AT HOENE'S PLACE, APPLEDORE. 

BY CANON SCOTT ROBERTSON. 

On Appledore Heath stands the aueient mansion of Home's Place, 
now used as a farm-house. At its south-eastern angle there 
remains, in fair preservation, a small domestic chapel, built towards 
the end of the fourteenth century. It is now used as a barn for 
wool. 

The character of many of its architectural details is remarkable, 
and they are probably unique in England. Sir Grilbert Scott said 
that the architect, who designed them, was probably a Frenchman, 
and certainly a poet. Sir Gilbert ti'aced, in all the carving, forms 
of the leaves or flowers of the Lesser Celandine, a wild plant which 
blooms abundantly in the neighbourhood during the spring. So 
much did he commend the beauty of this very small chapel, that 
Mr. Benjamin J. Scott (then of Sevenoaks, now of Addiscombe) 
caused careful drawings and plans of the building to be made. 
These he has generously placed at my disposal, and from them the 
accompanying plates have been prepared. 

Among- the domestic chapels remaining in Kent, I know of none 
which, on the whole, excelled this in simple beauty and originality 
of design. At Leeds Castle, the chapel retains few of its original 
details ; in the Mote at Ightham, the earlier of the two chapels has 
good features, but they liave suffered more from age and neglect 
than Home's Chapel has done. Perhaps the chapel at Old Sore 
more nearly resembled this. At Knole, the chapel is of much later 
date. 

Such domestic chapels, called oratories, were not uncommon in 
the Middle Ages ; but none could be used, for Divine service, until 
the bishop of the diocese had granted hia license to that effect. 
Consequently, by searching the Registers of the Archbishopric, I 
discovered that in November, 1366, Archbishop Langham granted 
to William Home, of " Apoldre," permission to hear Divine service 
in his oratory here.* At that period the stiffer vertical lines, of 
Perpendicular architecture, were beginning to supplant the more 

* Langham's Register, folio 48*. 



364 CHAPEL AT nORNE's PLACE, APPLEDOUE. 

flowing and j^raccful lines of the Decorated. Of this fact the 
chapel at Tlorne's Plaee riiniishes an example. 

It stands upon a crypt, which is six feet high in the clear, lighted 
by two small rectangular windows, deeply splayed ; one at the east 
end, and the other at the west. This crypt was originally entered, 
from the south side, by descending four steps to a doorway in the 
south-west corner. It is now used as a cellar, and a doorway from 
the house has been made through its north wall. 

The area of the interior of the chapel itself is about 22 feet by 
12 ; and its clear height is about 23 feet, from the floor to the apex 
of each of the three arched and moulded principals of the boarded 
roof. The ridge of the roof is five or six feet higher. The door- 
ways are two ; one at the north-west corner, by which Mr. Home's 
family entered the chapel from the house ; the other, in the west 
wall at its southern end, is the external entrance, approached by an 
ascent of three or four steps. The latter doorway is, in the clear, 
about 6 feet high and 2^ feet wide ; it has round shafts, with 
moulded caps and bases. The segmental arch of its head springs 
not from the shaft-caps but from vertical stilts, which rise a foot 
above the caps. 

Of the four windows, those in the north and south walls are 
alike, and partake more of the Decorated style ; while the large east 
window, and the small one in the west wall, are decidedly Perpen- 
dicular in character. The latter window, placed high up in the 
west wall, has two cinquef oiled lights, with a square head (to which 
the central muUion runs np), and on the exterior a square label with 
its ends returned. 

The north and south windows have, each, three seven-foiled 
lights, with shafted mullious of Decorated character. On the 
exterior the labels are ogeed, but have rather depressed curves ; on 
the interior, the hood-moulding of each window is formed of four 
curves, crowned by afinial which some consider to represent a horse- 
shoe, on which, instead of nails, seventy-seven round beads are 
carved. This finial, 4 inches high and nearly 4 inches broad, is 
shewn on the plate of details. I do not myself think that the 
architect intended it to suggest any idea of a horse-shoe. The stop, 
with which the hood-mould dies away into a simple hollow, is ex- 
tremely peculiar. Two views of it are shewn on the plate of details. 

The eastern window (now bricked up) has a central seven-foiled 
iight, flanked by two lower five-foiled lights, with shafted mullions, 
which extend through the tracery (of quatrefoils and triangles) to 



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CHAPEL AT HORNE's PLACE, APPLEDORE. 365 

the window arch. The exterior hood-mould is capped by a cross 
with round ends as a finial. On the interior, the hood has only a 
simple hollow moulding, in which, at the level of the mullion caps, 
there is a stop similar to them. Sir Grilbert Scott traced, in these 
caps and stops, a resemblance to the flower of the Lesser Celandine 
(when stripped of its petals) crowning its slender stem. 

The boarded roof is very richly moiilded. Its three arched 
principals spring from corbels, of clunch or fine chalk, on each of 
which, embedded in a cluster of the heart-shaped leaves of the 
Lesser Celandine (said Sir Grilbert Scott), is carved a shield (having 
ogeed cusps at its three angles) 4 inches high and 3 inches 
wide, charged with one Katherine wheel. This is clearly an intima- 
tion that the chapel was dedicated to St. Katherine, who in England 
was one of the most popular of Saints. The suggestion that it bore 
some allusion to the arms of the Scotts, of Scots Hall, is quite in- 
admissible. The Scotts bore, on their armorial shield, three Kathe- 
rine wheels within a bordure. Their family had no connection what- 
ever with Home's Place, when this chapel was built ; nor was the 
Home family connected by marriage with the Scotts. 

A curious " squint," or long slanting hagioscope, is pierced through 
the southern wall of the chapel, at about 7 or 8 feet from the 
ground outside. This is one of the peculiar features of the build- 
ing. Its external aperture is 2 feet square ; and tlirough it venti- 
lation could be effected when none of the windows could be opened ; 
through it, also, the priest could see, and communicate with, any 
one outside (which he could not do through the windows, so high 
are they in the walls). From the outside, no persons could look 
into the chapel, through this squint, unless they were mounted upon 
some external gallery or stage. 

The family of Home flourished at Eomney and Appledore dur- 
ing the thirteenth,* fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries, but it 
disappeared from that district before the end of the sixteenth. In 
Eomney Marsh there was a bridge, called Home's Bridge, which 
was taken down in 1393. 

King Edward I, when at Eomney in 1276, granted to Matthew 
de Home a piece of land upon which he might construct a quay. 
He, or one of the same name, also possessed the manor of East Home, 
in the hundred of Blackheath. 

"William Home, who in 1366 obtained the Archbishop's licence 

* In A.D. 12G0 Roger de Hornc was steward of the Earl of Gloucester for 
the Lowy of Tun bridge. {Hundred Boll, Farley's Hist, of the Weald, ii., 128,) 



366 CHAPEL AT IIORNe's PLACE, APPLEDORE. 

to hear Divine service within his oratory at Appledore, held much 
land there, from the Priory of Christ Church, Canterbury. He was 
made a Justice o£ the Peace in 1378, and perhaps on that account, 
or on account of his connection with the church lands around, his 
house was one of those which Wat Tyler's adherents attacked and 
broke into in 1381. Two figures, formerly painted in a window of 
Appledore Church, seem to have represented him and his wife. 
Beneath them were the names of "William Ilorne and Margaret his 
wife. We do not know how he was related to Edmund Home who 
represented Canterbury in Parliament from 1382 to 140G ; nor to 
Richard de Home who probably resided at Lenham, and was a man 
of consideration in the hundred of Calehill in 1381. 

William Home's successor was Henry de Home (probably his 
son), who was elected to represent Kent in Parliament in October 
1404. He served as Sheriff of Kent in 1406. 

The family seems to have had three branches. In 1426, among 
the gentlemen of Kent were numbered Henry Home of Appledore, 
John Home of Lenham, and Eichard Home of Westwell.* 
According to the Digges pedigrees, a few years later one James 
Home of Home's Place, dying in 1442, left only a sister Juliana, 
wife of John Digges, who was his heir. How this could be does not 
appear. Certainly, Home's Place in Appledore continued in the 
Home family for more than a century after that. 

Robert Home, who was in 1455 a trustee for the transfer of 
Eastmarsh,t in Appledore and Kenardington, represented Kent in 
Parliament in 1460. He served the office of Sheriff, also, in 1452, 
and seems to have been the head of the family at Appledore. Tet 
the pedigrees^ place G-ervase Home in that position about a.d. 1451. 
The children of Gervase were Henry, William, and Margeria, who 
married James Dering of Lyminge. Henry Home (son of Gervase) 
had three sons, Gervase, Robert, and Henry. Gervase, the eldest, 
was admitted to the freedom of the town and port of New Romney, 
in April 1478; and lived until the 14th Feb. 151|. His two sons 
were young children when he died ; Roger bom in 1505, and Thomas 
in 1507. Roger, the elder of the two, married Ann, daughter 
of Thomas Ashburnham (by his wife Elizabeth Dudley). In 1525, 
while Roger Home was still a minor, under age, John Shery, Rector 
of Kenardington, resigned his benefice. Young Roger was the 

* Fuller's Worthies, ii,, 87. 

t Close Roll, 33 Henry VI, memh. 4. 

j British Museum Additiomd MS. 5.521. 



CHAPEL AT HORNE's PLACE, APPLEDORE. 367 

patron ; and consequently his guardian, Sir Edmund Walsingham, 
presented Hugh Fresell to the living. Fresell was instituted by 
Archbishop Warham on the 28th of January 1525-6. As the 
advowson was appendant to the manor, we must suppose that the 
manor of Kenardington was possessed by the Home family before 
1525. Hasted says (vii., 26) thatEoger Home purchased, in 1533 
(24 Hen. VIII), that manor in Kenardington the seat of which has 
ever since been called (like the original mansion in Appledore) 
Home's Place; but he must be in error respecting the date. Eoger 
Home seems to have been an active country gentleman. In July 
1528 he and John Bell of Appledore went to Sir Edward Guldeford 
at Eolvendeu to complain of the lewd sayings of John Crake, parish 
priest of Brenzett, who was in consequence committed to Maidstone 
Gaol.* "When a royal loan was levied for Henry VIII, in 1542, 
Eoger Home contributed £10; and this was among the later acts 
of his life. His will was made on the 8th of June 1543. He died 
before Kenardington Church was ruined by lightning. His son 
Henry must therefore have been the lord of the manor who contri- 
buted so largely (as Hasted says) to the reconstruction of that 
church in 1559-60. 

Of the four children of Eoger Horne only two left any issue. 
Henry, his eldest son (who married Katherine Moyle), died on the 
6th of June 1565, leaving an only child and heiress Benett Horne, 
then but five years old. She married Eichard Gruldeforde, a Eomau 
Catholic, who refused to take the oath of supremacy required by 
the Grovernment of Elizabeth ; he fled (in 1570, 12 Eliz.) into exile ; 
was attainted ; and died at Eouen in 1586. His wife died at 
Brussels in 1597, leaving no issue. 

Eoger Home's daughter Katherine survived until New Tear's 
Day, 1609. She had married Thomas, third son of Sir Walter 
Mantel), and she left issue by him ; but the forfeited estates at 
Appledore and Kenardington could not be regained for her children. 
Home's Place in Appledore was granted, by the Queen's Grovern- 
ment, to Philip Chute ; and Home's Place in Kenardington to 
Walter Moyle. 

* Fuiiey's History of the Weald of Kent, ii., 451. 



( 368 ) 



hethospective observations 

RESPECTING 

A HOARD OP ROMAN COINS POUND IN 
THE SAND HILLS, NEAR DEAL. 

By C. Roach Smith, P.S.A. 

The late Mr. W. H. Rolfe of Sandwicli had in his 
collections of local antiquities some hundreds of small 
brass Roman coins, found in the sand hills, or downs 
(dunes), near Deal, to which my attention has been 
lately called in thinking over the events of the day 
when I first visited him and Richborough and Re- 
culver. They possess an interest which at that time 
I had not trained myself to understand ; neither did 
I see it when, some years afterwards, a notice of them 
was printed in the Numismatic Chronicle^ vol. ii., 
p. 259. Mr. Rolfe himself and Mr. Akerman could 
never have thought on the somewhat important his- 
torical and local value of the hoard, for only a list of 
the reverses of the coins is published, without any 
note or comment. The number is not stated ; but it 
must have been some hundreds. They are now in the 
cabinet of John Evans, Esq., LL.D., etc. 

I have lately, in the Numismatic Chronicle^ and 
elsewhere, drawn consideration to the fact of the very 
frequent discovery of hoards of coins ranging from 
the time of Valerian (a.d. 254-260) and Gallienus to 
that of Tetricus and Aurelian ; the coins of Tetricus 
and of the young Csesar his son, as well as those of the 



ROMAN COINS BURIED NEAR DEAL cirCa A.D. 271. 369 

preceding Emperors being very numerous, while usually 
there are only a very few, sometimes only one or two, 
of Aurelian (a.d. 270-275).* This from the Deal sand 
hills corresponds with them. 

The inference I draw is that all these hoards were 
buried at one and the same time ; and that was at the 
close of the usurpation or reign of Tetricus (a.d. 267- 
272), when his army in Gaul was recruited largely 
from Britain. The soldiers and recruits could carry 
with them what silver and gold they possessed ; but 
the copper coinage, being heavy and cumbersome, was 
concealed in the earth circa a.d. 271. The expedient 
was good and safe provided they returned to Britain ; 
but the frequent discoveries I allude to shew that 
many never again recrossed the channel. 

The discovery of this hoard of coins has a local as 
well as an historical interest. The district of the 
Deal sand hills resembles that of the neighbourhood of 
Etaplesf on the northern coast of Erance, where, some 
years since, an extensive Boman vicus was found 
beneath accumulated sand, the residence, no doubt, of 
an establishment of fishermen. A close examination 
of the Deal sand hills would probably confirm my 
belief that the land they cover was also tenanted by 
the Bomans. Mr. Bolfe had in his possession some 
remains collected in this district by M. Lejoindre 
which indicated habitation. 

* Cf. Collectanea Antiqua, vol. v., p. 150 ; Numismatic Chro- 
nicle, v., 157. 

t Collectanea Antiqua, vol. i., p. 4. 



VOL. XIT, ^ B 



( 370 ) 



ON KENTISn EOOD-SCEEENS. 

BY CANON SCOTT ROBERTSON. 

The rood-screens remaining in Kentish churches are not enriched 
with pictorial illumination, such as we find in Norfolk and Suffolk ;* 
nor crowned with graceful rood-lofts, like those at Banwell, Queen 
Camel, Trent, and other churches in Somersetshire, nor are they so 
numerous as those in Devonshire. Nevertheless, in thirty or more 
of our Kentish churches ancient rood-screens are still to be found ; 
and good examples of parclose screens are numerous, throughout 
the county. 

It is true that Shoreham Church is the only one in the county, 
wherein the screen is still crowned by the floor of its ancient 
rood-loft ; but to several of the existing Kentish rood-screens, 
peculiar interest attaches. Few rood-screens in England rival in 
antiquity that in Northfleet Church, which is of the Decorated period. 
Eew churches, again, have rood-screens which extend completely, and 
continuously, across the entire width of the nave and both its aisles, 
(like the wooden screen at Combe St. Nicholas in Somersetshire 
and the stone screen at Totnes, in Devon,) as do those at East- 
church in Shepey, and Leeds near Maidstone. In both these 
Kentish screens, the upper part of each bay is not simply one 
pierced rectangular panel, but a group of four or more cusped and 
arched lights, surmounted by tracery, all combined within one em- 
bracing pointed arch ; thus each bay resembles a good window, of 
four lights or more. This feature is notable not only at East- 
church, Leeds, and Shoreham, but also at Tonge, Hernehill by 
Faversham, Hacking-ton St. Stephens, Challock, Heme, and in such 
other Kentish screens as bear the most evident traces of having 
formerly been crowned with rood-lofts. Mr. Bloxam has called 

* " The number of screens [in Norfolk] which are gorgeously adorned, not 
only in the ordinary way, that is with rich colours in the tabernacle work, re- 
lieved l>y white and gold, but also with full length and very beautiful figures at 
the bases of the screens, is very remarkable,'' e.g., at Trimingham, Trunch,* 
Worstede, Cawston, Aylsham, North Walsham, and Edingthorpe. (Geo. A. 
Poole, in Yorlahire and other Associuted Architectural Societies'' Eeports, 
1850-1, p. 97.) 



ON KENTISH ROOD-SCREENS. 371 

attention to this window-like appearance, as a peculiarity of the 
screen at Leeds ;* but it is not unusual in Kent, nor in 
Somerset. 

Ancient rood-screens still remain, in situ, in the churches o£ 
"Wrotham, Chislehurst, Harrietsham, Boughton Blean, "Wouldham, 
"West Wickham, Erith, Stalisfield, Harty, Longfield, Cuxton, Small- 
hythe, E-yarsh, and Appledore, as well as in the churches abeady 
mentioned. At Iwade the screen, although not mj situ, is still 
preserved in the south aisle. In the north aisle of Challock Church, 
and likewise in the north aisle of Heme Church, there is a screen 
of remarkably good design, the top of which bears indubitable 
traces of a rood-loft which has been removed. We know that there 
were such rood-lofts, in side aisles of some churches. In Ashford 
Church, for example, two such lofts were erected in a.d. 1472 ; 
one in the north aisle, and another in the south aisle. f A screen in 
the north aisle of the mother church of Shepey, at Minster, does 
not (I think) bear such evident traces of a loft. The rarningham 
rood-screen existed until the church was restored, about ten or 
twelve years ago, when it was removed. The lower panelling 
alone, but well carved, remains at Headcorn ; and in ClifBe at Hoo. 
The chancel-screen at Wingham (destroyed about ten years ago) 
had never been a rood-screen. It was erected about a.d. 1682. 
At Ivychurch, and at Maidstone All Saints, the returned stalls of 
the choir divide the nave from the chancel, without any screen. 

New chancel-screens, modelled from ancient rood-screens, have 
been inserted in the churches of Adisham, Frinsted, Eodmersham, 
Preston by Wingham, Cowden, Q-odmersham, and other parishes. 

Among the numerous examples of Parclose screens in Kent, 
rare relics of Decorated woodwork remain at TIpchurch and at 
Newington by Sittingbourne ; others at Swanscombe and Old 
Romuey are nearly as old. Later medieval screen-work is found 
at Eaiuham, Dartford, Ightham, Heme, Murston, Chislehurst, 
Horsmonden, Biddenden, Cobham, East Peckham, Lamberhurst, St. 
Mary Cray, Staple, Grill ingham, St. Nicholas at Wade, Eodmershan, 
Erinsted, and elsewhere. 

* Mr. Matthew H. Bloxam says : " In Leeds Church, Kent, the open screen- 
work resembles a series of pointed arched windows filled with mullions and 
tracery. This is the only instance of the kind I have met with in screenwork." 
{Proceedings of Lincoln and Associated Architectural Societies for 1874, 
vol. xii, p. 179.) 

f William Whyte of Ashford by his will, dated November 6th, 1472, be- 
queathed 40s. " to the new work of the roodloft in the two aisles of the said 
church ; 20s. for each aisle." 

B B 2 



372 ON KENTISH ROOD-SCREENS. 

I am inclined to believe that a majority of the rood-lofts, which 
formerly existed in Kent, were erected during the fifteenth century, 
and many of them during the second half of it. The stair-turrets 
and doorways leading to rood-lofts, in very many churches, are 
evidently insertions made about that period. The wills of Kentish 
men, made during the same period, abound with bequests for the 
erection, or adornment, of such lofts.* 

After the accession of Queen Elizabeth, rood-lofts were for the 
most part destroyed. Some, however, remained at the time of the 
Archdeacon's Visitation in the year 1560; when the churchwardens 
" presented " that rood-lofts still stood in the churches of Faver- 
sham, Bishopsbourne, Q-oudhurst, Sandhurst, Brenzett, and Bid- 
denden. 

Eastchurch Eood-sceeen. 

The screen at Eastchurch, which is shewn in the annexed plate, 
reduced from an admirable drawing by Mr. Edward J. Tarver, suffers 
greatly from the loss of its rood-loft. To supply, to some extent, 
the obvious lack, the present rector, Mr. Dickson, has caused a 
neat cresting to be affixed to the top beam. This screen is about 
46 feet long, and consists of eleven unequal bays ; five spanning 
the nave, and three across each aisle. Three of these bays are 
occupied by folding doors of the same pattern as the rest of the 
screen. Each bay consists of a pointed arch (springing from slender 
round shafts wdth moulded caps and bases), the upper part of which 
contains mullions and transomed tracery like a window. In each of 
nine bays, there are four lights, arched and five-cusped ; surmounted 
by tref oiled triangles above which runs a transom, supporting 
minute, trefoiled, arches. Two bays, however, one on each side of 

* In 1464 William Saundyrs of Elham left 20s. for the cost of painting " the 
rodeloft" there. William Dane of Throwley bequeathed 3s. 4d. towards making 
the roodloft in his parish church in 1471. Alexander Goddard of Murston, by 
his will, made in October 1473, left 6s. 8d. "to the work of the church there, 
videlicet le rodeloft." Robert Wybarn of Sittingboume, on the 25th of January 
1473-4, left directions for his feoffees respecting making in the parish church 
" one bastard roffe, or painting the rodeloft." The little church of Stone near 
Faversham, now a ruin in which the chancel walls seem to contain Roman 
masonry, possessed a roodloft, and to its reparation no less a sum than 40s. was 
bequeathed by Robert Lavender of Stone in his will made on the 24th of May 
1474. The erection of aisle lofts at Ashford in 1472 is mentioned in the previous 
note. In 1488 John Fane of Tonbridge left 10 marks to the erection of a rood- 
loft provided it was built within two years. At the Visitation of Archbishop 
Warham, in 1511, the churchwardens of Hartlip "presented that John Adowne 
oweth to the painting of the roodloft £6." At Smarden a new rood-loft was 
made in 1508 ; and in the same year James at Well bequeathed 20s. " to the 
new paynting of the new roodlofte " at Wingham. 



ON KENTISH ROOD-SCEEENS. 373 

the central doors, are much wider than the rest ; and their arches 
contain seven ciuquefoiled lights, surmounted by tracery similar to 
that in the other bays. Tliis feature of the Eastchurch screen is 
unique, in Kent. The Eev. K. Henry Dickson, the rector, has 
caused the whole screen to be put into thoroughly good order by 
Forsyth of London at a cost of £160, raised by subscription. 

The Leeds screen, although it spans all three aisles, is not so 
handsome as that at Eastchurch. It has the same number of bays, 
but they are equal in width (or nearly so) ; and each is pierced with 
four lights only, surmounted by simpler tracery without transoms. 
At Tonge the screen across the chancel arch has remarkably good 
tracery, with sloping transoms in it, above the four lights of each 
bay ; and the Hackington screen is similar, though its tracery is not 
so rich. 

The more common character of screen, having simple rec- 
tangular panels pierced each with one cusped light, is found at 
Appledore, Ryarsh, and Smallhythe, where perhaps there were no 
rood-lofts. 



( 374 ) 



THE CHURCH OP ALL SAINTS, 
EASTCHURCH IN SHEPEY. 

BY CANON SCOTT ROBERTSON. 

The Church of All Saints at Eastchurch has especial interest for 
antiquaries and students of architecture, because the date of its 
erection is known. During the ninth year of King Henry VI,* in 
November 1431, the chief parishioner, William Cheyne, esquire, of 
Shirland, obtained the King's license (needful to override the law of 
mortmain) to give three roods of land, to the Patronsf of East- 
church E/Cctory, in order that a new parish church might thereon 
be built. 

The soil of Shepey, being London clay, affords no enduring 
foundation for any edifice. Houses and churches erected on it are 
in continual peril from the subsidence of the soil ; their walls crack 
in all directions, unless artificial foundations are deeply and solidly 
laid before any building is commenced. The royal license granted 
to "William Cheyne mentions the fact that the old church at East- 
church had gone to ruin " by reason of the sudden weakness of the 
foundation." Consequently, before the Abbot of Boxley began to 
build a new church, ujDon the fresh site given by William Cheyne, he 
caused deep and solid foundations of chalk to be laid. Wherever a 
wall was to stand, a wide trench was dug, some feet deep, and it was 
filled with solid blocks of chalk, brought from the mainland of Kent ; 
thus firm foundations were obtained. Still further to support the 
walls, diagonal buttresses were constructed at every angle of the 
building ; and three porches (north, south, and west) were erected, 
with diagonal buttresses at each of their angles ; aiFording much 
additional support to the walls and to the western tower. Eew 
parish churches possess so many buttresses in an equally limited 
space. Their number, however, adds greatly to the handsome ap- 
pearance of the fabric, which stands well, on that high ridge of hill 

* Patent Roll, 9 Henry VI, part 2, memb. 4. 

f It should be noticed that the land was not given to the parish, but to the 
patrons of the benefice, namely to the Abbot and Convent of Boxley. 




ALL SAINTS, EASTCHURCH, SH EPE.Y, 
IN A.D. 1850. 




EAST END OF ALL SAINTS, EASTCHURCH, SHEPEY, 
I N A.D. I88C. 



THE CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS. 375 

which runs through the entire length of the Isle of Shepey. The 
annexed plate shews the exterior of the building, as it appeared 
thirty years ago. Through the efforts of the late rector, stone 
was given by R. S. Holford, Esq., and a special church rate being 
granted for the purpose, a comely wall was erected around the 
churchyard in 1863, instead of the old palings ; and the waterbutts 
shewn in the plate were removed ; they indicated the great scarcity 
of water which is felt in Eastchurch at certain seasons. 

When the new chui'ch was built, in 1432, some windows of the 
old edifice seem to have been preserved. The western porch has 
small windows of early character ; and the western windows of the 
two aisles seem to be of the Decorated period, each of two l