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Mv\\m\w o n.w;v! SJS&si 



3ln[tolo0UT (Tmrtiamr. 



" ANTIQCTTATB8 BED HI8T0BIABUM RELIQUIJE BUNT TANQUAM TABULA 

KAITFRAOn; CUM, DEFICIENTE ET FEBE SUBMEBSA RERUM MEMOEIA. 

NIHILOMTNUS HOMINES [NDU8TBI1 ET SAGACES, PEBTINAC1 QIADA.M ET 

PI LOSA DILIGENTIA, EX GENEALOGIIS, FASTIS, TITULIS. MONUMENTIS, 

[8MATIBDS. NOMINIBU8 PROPBIIS ET STYLIS, VEBBOBUM ETTMOLOGIIS, 

PBOVBRB1IS, TBADITIONIBUS, ABCHIVIS, ET [NSTBUMENTIS, TAM PI BLICIS 

QUAM PBIVATI8, HI8T0BTABUM PBAGMENTI8, LIBBOBUM NEUTIQUAM HISTOBI- 

- DI6PEBSTS, — EX HIS, INQUAM, OMNIBUS VKL AIilQUIBUS, 

NONNULLA A TEMPOBlfi DILUV10 EBIPIUNT ET CONSEBVANT. RES SANK 

OPEBOSA, BED IffOBTALIBUB GRATA ET CUM BEVEBENTIA QUADAM CON- 

1 \." 

"ANTIQUITIES, OB REMNANTS OF HISTORY, ABE, AS WAS SAID, TANQUAM 

i'A);ri..K NAUPBAGn; WHEN INDUSTBIOUE PEBSONS, i:V AN EXACT AND 

ULIGENCE AND OBSERVATION, OUT OF MONUMENTS, NAMES, 

WOBDS, PBOVEBB8, TBADITION8, PRIVATE RECOBDS AND EVIDENCES, FBAG- 

iBIES, PASSAGES OF BOOKS THAT CONCERN Not STOBY, AND 

THE LIKE, DO 8AVB AND RECOVEB BOMB WHAT FBOM THE DELUGE OF 

—Advancement of Learning, ii. 



^wtofojgia Caniimw: 



TRANSACTIONS 



KENT AliCHiEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 




VOLUME XXVII. 



ILontion : 

PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY 

BY 

MITCHELL HUGHES & CLAKKE, 140 WARDOUR ST., OXFORD ST. 

1905. 



The Council of th A \ Archaeological Society is not answerable 
myopinii 'ward in this Work. JEach Contributor is alone 

irks. 



THE GETTY RESEARCH 

riTUTE LIBRARY 



CONTENTS. 

♦ 

PAGE 

Lists of Officers. Societies in Union, x — xiii; Rules, xiv — xvi; 

List of Members xvii — xxxii 

Cash Accounts for 1903 and 1904 xxxiii— xl 

Proceedings, Eeport, etc., 1903—1905 xli— lxi 

Bilsington Priory. By Q. H. Woodruff, F.S.A xlviii— li 

Obituary Notices of Earl Stanhope, F.S.A. ; Cumber- 
land Henry Woodruff, Esq., P. S. A. ; Canon Charles 

PRANCIS KoUTLEDGE, F.S.A. ; W. H. BURCH ROSHER, 

Esq., J.P lxi— lxiv 

Researches and Discoveries in Kent. By George Payne, 

F.S.A kv 

Discovery of a Roman Kiln at Galley Hill, Swanscombe. 

By F. G. Touens lxxiii 

N ote on an ancient Bell from Boxley lxxiv 

Discoveries of Prehistoric Pottery in the Maidstone 

District. By J. H. Alt 'chin lxxvi 

Bowl and Polished Celt from Rose "Wood, near Ightham . . . lxxvii 

Discovery of Romano-British Interments at Stone, near 
Dartford. By E. G. Youens lxxix 

1. Ightham Mote. By Henry Taylor, F.S.A 1 

2. Pedigree of Selby of Ightham Mote, and Registers. 

By T. G. Golyer-Ferqusson 30 

3. Notes on an Earlt Cinque Ports Charter. By 

F.F. Giraud 37 

4. The Barons of New Romney in Parliament. By 

John Stokes 41 

5. Cobham College. By A. A. Arnold, F.S.A 64 

6. Cobham and its Manors, Etc. By A. A. Arnold, 

F.S.A 110 



vi CONTENTS. 

PAGB 

7. Letters op Howard Hasted to Thomas Astle 136 

B. Calendar of Am ieent Deeds presented by Charles 

Marc ha nt. Esq 107 

:• Tin: Reparation of Eochester Castle. By George 

. F.S.A 177 

LO. Lncient Timber-Framed House at Shorne next 

Q-RAYE8END. By George M. Arnold, F.S.A 193 

11. N^OTBS OH !'>i:ruER8DEN. By the Rev. A. J. Fearman, 

M.A 201 

L2. X"IL ON THE so-CALLED TOMB OF THE COUNTESS OF 

\ rii. ii. in the Cathedral Church of Canterbury. 

B) W. /£. Si. John Rope, M.A 209 

L3. Visitations of phe Archdeacon of Canterbury. By 

Art!, ■ II %sey 2L3 

11. Fayersham Eousehold [nyentory, 1609. By Arthur 

<ry 230 

l"i. A List m hie Rectors of Ripple. Compiled by tlie 

a . //. L. Beardmore, M.A 237 

L6. Tin. Leases Font lt Brookland. By the Rev. G. M. 

ft, F.S.A 255 

17. Church Plate in Kent — Xo. [II. By the Rev. O. E. 

.'/•////; M.A 262 

L8. Notices op Books 301 

Lhdki 307 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



PAGE 



Bilsington Priory, Views of, W., E., and N xlviii and li 

Portrait of Earl Stanhope, with Autograph lxi 

„ C. H. Woodruff, Esq., F.S.A., with Autograph lxii 

City of Rochester, Plan of N\W. corner of Roman City Wall...lxvi 

Embossed Design of Samian Bowl lxviii 

Mediaeval and Roman Pottery from Upchurch lxx 

Kiln found at Galley Hill, Swauscombe Ixxiii 

The Boxley Bell lxxv 

Prehistoric Vessel found at Maidstone lxxvi 

Celt and Bowl from Rose Wood lxxviii 

Roman Pottery from Stone lxxix 

Ightham Mote, Kent: — 

Bird's Eye View 1 

Block Plan 3 

The Old Stables 4 

G-rouud Eloor Plan 8 

First Floor Plan 12 

The Quadrangle, looking north-east 24 

„ looking north-west 25 

East Elevation and Sections through Great Hall 26 

South View 28 

Cobham College : — 

Remains of the Old College Buildings, from the north ... 64 
Reconveyance by Reginald de Cobham to Sir John de 

Cobham, 1581 66 

Autograph of George Brook, Lord Cobham 72 

Licence from Prior and Convent of St. Saviour's, Ber- 
mondsey, to Master and Brethren of Cobham College, 

1370 73 

Entrance to Old College Buildings, from the south 81 

Exterior of the New College, from south-east 82 

Seals of the College 83 

Porch at the south-eastern entrance to New College ... 84 
The New College, taken from the south-east 86 



viil ILLUSTRATIONS. 

PASB 

I bury, from the south-east H» 

Hie Reparation of Rochester Castle: — 

M iral B Opening in south-east angle of Keep 

at B I astle 179 

Window discovered in Rochester Castle 181 

\ irmaa Becess in Eastern Wall of the Castle 

183 

: ion through Well at Rochester Castle 187 

S rne Dear Gravesend 193 

a Elevation and Ground Floor 196 

b of Isabel, Countess of Athol, in Cathedral Church of 

Canterbury 209 

i. Duchess of York, 1431, in Westminster 

Abbey Church 2L0 

Lady Tryvet, L433, in the Cathedral Church of 

Canterbury 211 

; . and Effigy of Lady Tryvet 212 

Brookland Pont 255 

Church Plate in Cent : — 

1 dice and Flagon in Canterbury Cathedral 267 

.\n Alma-dish and Candlestick in Canterbury Cathedral 270 

\ \ ms-dish al v :. Andrew's, Canterbury 275 

labethao Chalice and Cover al Pordwicb 291 



i^mr $rdj<rologttal ^octetp 



OFFICERS, RULES, AND MEMBERS. 
OCTOBER, 1905 



l\rnt ardjctfliogtcal ^owtp. 



IJirsiornt. 

THE LORD NORTHBOURNE, F.s.A. 

Ficrs^vrstllrnts. 

HIS GRACE THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY. 

INK MARQUESS CAMDEN. 

IIIK EARL STANHOPE. 

THE EARL AMHERST. 

THE EARL OF CRANBROOK. 

IIIK FAFF OF DARNLEY. 

1'HE EARL OF RADNOR. 

IIIK VISCOUNT HARDINGE. 

THE LORD ASHCOMBE. 

THE I. MUD AVEBURY. 

THE LORD HARRIS, G.C.M.G. 

TilK LORD HAWKESBURY. 

THE LORD HOTHFIELD. 

THE LORD CURZON OF KEDLESTON. 

THE I. OKI) SACKVILLE, G.C.M.G. 

THE DEAN OF CANTERBURY. 

THE DEAN OF ROCHESTER. 

-IK DAVID LIONEL SALOMONS, BART. 

A. «.. imSi'AW FN. ESQ., -M.P. 

Mir. RIGHT HON'. A. AKFKS-DOFGI.AS. M.P. 

F. S. W. CORNWALLIS, ESQ. 

IIIK RIGHT HON. JOHN GILBERT TALBOT, M.P 

1 111. AR< HDEACON OF ROCHESTER. 

1. F. AS! FlA ESQ., .1.1'. 



Konorarg Ooitor. 

. •. «. I. WOODRUFF, M.A.. Otterden Rectory, Favershavi. 

Donovan,) ^rrirtatn. 

BVAN8 ESQ., Vbboft Barton, Canterbury. 

£onorar$ rrra&uvrr. 

D.L., .1.1'.. Speldkurtt, Vunbridge Wells 
mu \iu. Kx-ornoiu kkmbbbs oi chk council.) 



LIST OF OFFICERS. XI 

Clcctm ittcmfcerg of tf)c Council. 

Augustus A. Arnold, Esq., f.s.a Cnbhambury. 

G. M. Arnold, Esq., j.p., d.l., f.s.a Gravesend. 

Hubert Bensted, Esq BearsteA. 

Rev. J. A. Boodle, m.a Houghton Blean. 

H. Mapleton Chapman, Esq Canterbury. 

G. E. Cokayne, Esq.. m.a., f.s.a Boehampton. 

Richard Cooke, Esq Detling. 

LlEUT.-COLONEL A. J. COPELAND, F.S.A llamsgate. 

Charles Cotton, Esq., f.r.c.p Bamsgate. 

A. Randall Davis. Esq., m.r.c.s Bythe. 

Leland L. Duncan, Esq., f.s.a., m.v.o Lewisham. 

T. Colyer-Fergusson, Esq., m.a., f.s.a Gravesend. 

Arthur Finn, Esq Lydd. 

REV. T. S. FRAMPTON, M.A., F.S.A Borer. 

F. F. Giraud, Esq Faversham. 

Rev. G. M. Livett, b.a., f.s.a Wateringbury. 

The Hon. Robert Marsham-Townshend, f.s.a. . . . Foots Cray. 

Herbert Monckton, Esq Maidstone. 

Rev. A. J. PEARMAN, M.A Rochester. 

C. W. Powell, Esq., d.l., j.p Speldhurst. 

Major J. Roberts Atkin Roberts, j.p Glassenbwy. 

J. Oldrid Scott, Esq., f.s.a Oxted. 

Rev. Waterman Gardner- Waterman, m.a Loose. 

Rev. C H. Wilkie, m.a Canterbury. 

trustees. 

The Earl Amherst. 

The Lord Northbourne. 

The Right Hon. J. G. Talbot, m.p. 

H. Mapleton Chapman, Esq. 

$on. Hutntors. 

Herbert Hordern, Esq.. j.p. 
Captain Chas. F. Hooper, j.p. 

EuBttors. 

Messrs. W. J. King and Son. Gravesend. 

Curator. 

H. Elgar, Esq. 

!#ott. IHjotograufjcr. 

E. C. Youens, Esq. 

Banuers. 

Union of London and Smiths Bank, Maidstone. 
Capital and Counties Bank, Canterbury. 



( xii ) 
HONORARY LOCAL SECRETARIES. 



asfjfotU District. 
i. Broad, Esq Axhfori. 

filarkljratf) ant) ?lrtoisf)am District. 
W. E8SIKGT0B HUQHBS, Ksq 14u \\ ardour Street, w. 

Bromlnj District. 
I.. M. Bidbn, Esq Bromley. 

Canterbury District. 

II M\rn:i"N Chapuan, Esq Canterbury. 

<ffraiibrooft Distnrt. 

Dailfort) District. 
i;. Holt-Whitb, Ksy Bexley. Kent. 

Deal anil 93lalmer Distnrt. 
lni. l;i.v. II. I.. Beabdmore, m.a Ripple. 

Dobrr District. 

Makiyn MLOWLIi, ESQ Dover. 

//fabrrsftam District. 
I-'. 1'. GiBAUD, Esq Faversham. 

.^Folkestone District. 
a. EL Gardner, Esq Folkestone. 

•firabcsriiD District. 
<;. M. \i:\.ii.i,. Esq ' Hilton Hall, Oravetend. 

ii>),)tf)r District. 
A. EtAVDALL Davis. Esq Hythe. 

London. 
W. BssnfOTOM Hi. .111.-. Esq ho Wardour Street, W. 

j-Haitistoiir District. 
HUBERT Benstbd, Esq Maidstone. 

/Hailing District 
MlBfl Dr/DLOW Wi-it Mailing. 

/ttargalr Di.tnrt. 
1 12 Marine Terrace, Margate. 

ktarasgotc District. 
9.R.0.V Ramsgate. 

Lvoctirstrr Dislnct. 
■ ! ' OBB, Esq Rochester. 

Liomiirn District. 

/,, /r /,/ 

canotoien District 

crUruoatts Distnrt 
Cabmbll, Esq Sevenoake. 



SOCIETIES IN UNION. Xlll 

S-firpprp District. 
John Copland, Esq Shcerness. 

sittingtounif District. 
Dr. F. Grayling Sittingbourne. 

ffrntrrHru District. 
J. Ellis Mace. Esq Tenterden. 

JTonbritigc District. 
R. Wingate, Esq Hildenborough. 

Ctiubrrtigr 3l5,IcIIs District. 
_ _ I Speldhwst, Tumbridge 

Charles Watson Powell, Esq • Wells 



SOCIETIES IN UNION. 

For Interchange of Publications, etc. 



The Society of Antiquaries, Burlington House, Piccadilly, w. 

The Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain, 20 Hanover Square, W. 

The liritisli Archaeological Association, 32 Sacltville Street, Piccadilly, W. 

The Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Edinburgh. 

The Architectural Museum, 18 Tufton Street, Westminster, S.W. 

The Numismatic Society, 22 Albemarle Street, W. 

The London and Middlesex Archaeological Society, London Institution, Finsbnry 

Ci revs. E.C. 
The Historic Society of Cheshire and Lancashire (7?. D. Radcliffe, M.A., Sec., 

Royal Institution. Colquitt Street, Liverpool). 
The Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland (Robert Cochrane. F.S.A., Hon. 

Sec., 17 High field Road, Dublin). 
The Lincoln Diocesan Architectural Society (Rev. A. R. Maddison, Vicars' Court, 

Lincoln). 
The Norfolk and Norwich Archaeological Society, Norwich. 
The Suffolk Institute of Archaeoloey. The Athenaeum, Bury St. Edmunds 

(J. E. Warren, B.D., F.S.A., Hon. Sec.). 
The Surrey Archaeological Society, Castle Arch, Guildford. 
The Sussex Archaeological Society. Lewes Castle. 

The Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Museum, Devizes. 
The Somersetshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, Taunton Castle 
The Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society (Rev. W. Baaeley, 

Matson Rectory, Gloucester). 
The Cambridge Antiquarian Society (7. D. Atkinson, Esq., St. Mary's Passage, 

Cambridge). 
The. Derbyshire Archaeological Society (P. II. Cvrrey, 3 Market Place, Derby). 
The Powysland Club (T. Simpson Jones, Esq., Gungrog Hall, Welshpool). 
The Cumberland and Westmoreland Archaeological Society (W. G. Colling- 

wood, Esq.. Lanehcad, Coniston, Lancashire). 
The Leicestershire Archaeological Society. 5 Gallon-tree Gate, Leicester. 
The Society of Antiquaries, Newcastle-upon-Tyne (R. Blair, Esq., South Shields). 
The Shropshire Archaeological Society (F. Goyne, Esq., Secretary, Day pole. 

Shrewsbury'). 
Societe Archeologique de Dunkerque. 

R. Societa Romana di Storia Patria, Biblioteca Vallieelliana. Roma. 
National Historical Museum, Stockholm (Dr. Anton Blomberg). 
East Herts Archaeological Society (W. B. Gerish, Esq., Ivy Lodge, Bishop's 

Start ford). 
The Thoresby Society, 10 Park Street, Leeds. 
The Essex Archaeological Society (The Rev. J. H. Curling, B.A., Beadnell 

Rectory, Braintree). 



Vmlcs of the Ind ^vckolcaical <§orictp. 

1 _ , - ,i\ shall consist of Ordinary Members and Honorary 

Mi 11 - 

I, The affairs of the Society shall he conducted by a Council consist- 
ing f ti,, p sidenl of the Society, the Vice-Presidents, the Honorary 
1 surer, the Honorary Secretary, the Honorary Editors, and twenty-four 
era elected out of Ihe general body of the Subscribers: one-fourth 
(t the hitter Bhall go out annually in rotation, but shall nevertheless be 
re-eligible; and Buch retiring and the new election shall take place at 
the Annual General Meeting: but any intermediate vacancy, by death or 
Miei.t. among the elected Council, shall be filled up either at the 
ral Meeting or at the next Council Meeting, whichever shall first 
i M. Five Members of the Council to constitute a quorum. 
3. The Council shall meet to transact the business of the Society on 
Becond Thursday in the month of March in Maidstone, in the month 
of June in London, in the month of September in Rochester, and in the 
month of December in Canterbury, and at any other time that the 
tary may deem it expedient to call them together. But the Council 
shall have power, if it shall deem it advisable, at the instance of the 
lent, to hold its Meetings at other places within the county; and to 
alter the days of Meeting, or to omit a Quarterly Meeting if it shall be 
found convenient. 

A. The Council shall appoint one of their Members to be the lion. 

Hi- duty shall be to keep an account of all Subscriptions 

and other Receipts and Payments lor the Society . and on the 31st December 

in every year to prepare the Balance Sheet for the past year. and. alter it 

has been approved by the Auditors, to lay it before the next Quarterly 

Meeting of the Council, accompanied by a Statement of all Subscriptions, 

in arrear and i\\w to the Society, and of all moneys due from them. 

And the Council are further empowered, at any time when they think it 

i roploy and pay a Chartered Accountant to assist the lion. 

I reasurer in making out such Balance Sheets and Account. 

At ever) Meeting of the Society or Council, the President, or. in 
.-enee, the Chairman, shall have a casting vote, independently of his 
Member 

al Meeting of the Society shall be held annually, in July, 

r September, at some place rendered interesting by its antiquities 

or historical associations, in the eastern and western divisions of the 

'\ alternately, unh uueil. for some cause to lie by them 

to vary this arrangement ; the day and place of meeting 

t<. he appointed by the ( Council, who shall have the power, at the instance of 

lent, to elect some Member of the Society connected with the 

rict in which the meeting -hall lie held, to act a- Chairman of such 

Meeting. Ai the -aid Greueral Meeting, antiquities shall he exhibited. 

- end on subjects of archaeological interest. The account- of 

Ely, having '"-en previously allowed by the Auditors, shall he 

t lined, through tin- Secretary, shall make a Report on 

J . and the Auditors and the six new Member- of 
d for the i USUing year shall be elected. 



RULES AND REGULATIONS. XV 

7. The Annual General Meeting shall have power to make such 
alterations in the Pules as the majority of Members present may approve : 
provided that notice of any contemplated alterations be given, in writing, 
to the Honorary Secretary, before June the 1st in the then current year, 
to be laid by him before the Council at their next Meeting; provided, 
also, that the said contemplated alterations be specifically set out in the 
notices summoning the Meeting, at least one month before the day 
appointed for it. 

8. A Special General Meeting may be summoned, on the written 
requisition of seven Members, or of the President, or two Vice-Presidents, 
which must specify the subject intended to be brought forward at such 
Meeting; and such subject alone can then be considered. 

9. Candidates fur admission must be proposed by one Member of the 
Society, and seconded by another, and be balloted for, if required, at any 
Meeting of the Council, or at a General Meeting, one black ball in five to 
exclude. 

10. Each Ordinary Member shall pay an Annual Subscription of Ten 
Shillings, due in advance on the 1st of January in each year; or £6 may 
at any lime be paid in lieu of future subscriptions, as a composition for 
life. xVny Ordinary Member shall pay, on election, an entrance fee of Ten 
Shillings, in addition to his Subscription, whether Animal or Life. Every 
Member shall be entitled to a copy of the Society's Transactions; but 
none will be issued to any Member whose Subscription is in arrear. The 
Council may remove from the List of Subscribers the name of any Mem- 
ber whose Subscription is two years in arrear, if it be certified to them 
that a written application for payment has been made by one of the 
Secretaries, and not attended to within a month from the time of applica- 
tion. 

11. All Subscriptions and Donations are to be paid to the Bankers of 
the Society, to the Hon. Treasurer, or to one of the Secretaries. 

12. All Life Compositions shall be vested in Government Securities, 
in the names of four Trustees, to be elected by the Council. The interest 
only of such funds to be used for the ordinary purposes of the Society. 

13. No cheque shall be drawn except by order of the Council, and 
every cheque shall be signed by two Members of the Council and the 
Honorary Secretary. 

14. The President, Secretary, Editors, and Treasurer, on any vacancy, 
shall be elected by a General Meeting of the Subscribers. 

15. Members of either House of Parliament, who are landed pro- 
prietors of the county or residents therein, shall, on becoming Members 
of the Society, be placed on the list of Vice-Presidents, and with them 
such other persons as the Society may elect to that office. 

16. The Council shall have power to elect, without ballot, on the 
nomination of two Members, any lady who may be desirous of becoming 
a Member of the Society. 

17. The Council shall have power to appoint as Honorary Member 
any person likely to promote the interests of the Society. Such Honorary 
Member not to pay any subscription, and not to have the right of voting at 
any Meetings of the Society ; but to have all the other privileges of 
Members. 



( xvi ) 

18. The Council shall have power to appoint any Member Honorary 
- retarj for the town or district wherein he may reside, in order 

cilitate the collection of accurate information as to objects and dis- 
local interest, and for the receipt of subscriptions, and may at 
any time cancel such appointment. 

19. Meetings for the purpose of reading papers, the exhibition of 
lilies, or tin- discussion of subjects connected therewith, shall be 

held ai Mich times and places as the Council may appoint. 

:n. The Society shall avoid all subjects of religious or political eon- 
rsj . 

81. The Secretarj -hall keep a record of the proceedings of the 
Society, to be communicated to the Members at the General Meetings. 



HONORARY MEMBERS. 



W. W. SKEAT, m.a.. LITT.D. (Professor of Anglo-Saxon in the Qniverrity 
of Cambridge), 2 Salisbury Villas, Cambridge. 

,-ii HuBKVM, Great RvjiscU Street, II. C. 

w. II. Bt. Johm Sope, Esq., m.A., Assistant Secretary of the Society of Anti- 
quaries of London, Burlington lions,. Piccadilly, II'. 

.1. MEADOWS COWPJ 8.A., Harbledoum, Canterbury. 



( xvii ) 



MEMBERS. 

CORRECTED TO OCTOBER 1905. 



THE * DENOTES LIFE COMPOUNDERS. 



Abell, H. Francis, Esq., Kennington Hall, Ashford. 

♦Acworth, Eev. E. William Harrison, Ellora, Eochester. 

Adam, James, Esq., M.D., West Mailing Place, Kent. 

Adcock, W. J., Esq., Merton, Kearsney, Dover. 

Akers-Douglas, Eight Hon. Aretas, M.P., Chilston Park, Maidstone. 

Alcock, Eev. John Price, m.a., Crayford Eectory, Kent. 

Alexander, Mrs. E. B., Cheveney, Hunton, Maidstone. 

Alexander, J. J., Esq., West Mailing, Maidstone. 

*Allchin, Dr. W. H., 5 Chandos Street, Cavendish Square, w. 

Allen, Eric, Esq., Headcorn, Kent. 

Alston, Miss, Hathewolden Grange, High Halden. 

♦Amherst, The Earl, Montreal, Sevenoaks. 

♦Amherst of Hackney, The Eight Hon. Lord, Didlington Hall, Brandon 

Norfolk. 
Anderson, J. A., Esq., j.p., Faversham. 
Anderson, J. C, Esq., 20 Westcliff Terrace, Eamsgate. 
Andrews, W., Esq., 15 Ashburnham Eoad, Tonbridge. 
Apperley, Eev. J. Marling, m.a., Tong Vicarage, Sittingbourne. 
Arkcoll, John, Esq., Foley House, Maidstone. 
Arnold, Augustus A., Esq., d.l., f.s.a., Cobhambury, Gravesend. 
Arnold, G. M., Esq., f.s.a., Milton Hall, Gravesend. 
♦Ashcombe, The Eight Hon. Lord, Denbies, Dorking. 
Ashley-Dodd, Mrs., Godinton Park, Great Chart, Ashford. 
Ashton-Gwatkin, Eev. W. H. T., m.a., Wrotham Eectory, Kent. 
Astley, Edward Ferrand, Esq., m.d., 29 Marine Parade, Dover. 
Athenaeum Club, The, 107 Pall Mall, s.w. 
Athill, Charles H., Esq., f.s.a., Eichmond Herald, College of Arms, Queen 

Victoria Street, E.C. 
Atkin-Eoberts, Major J. E., j.p., Glassenbury Park, Cranbrook. 
*Avebury, The Lord, f.s.a., High Elms, Farnborough. 



Bacon, W. B., Esq., Durgates Lodge, Wadhurst, Kent. 
♦Badcock, W., Esq., East Court, Detling. 
Bailey, Eev. Canon Henry, D.D., Canterbury. 
Baker, Herbert, Esq., Eondebosch, near Cape Town. 
Baker, Percy T., Esq., Owletts, Cobham, Gravesend. 
*Ball, William, Esq., Hillside, Strood, Eochester. 
Ballard, E., Esq., 26 North Street, Ashford. 

vol. xivn. 



xviii KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

I: .1 Esq., Springfield, Maidstone. 
Bannon, James, B8q., New ELomney. 

• l A Esq., The Hollies, Mason's Hill, Bromley. 

■ .1 I' Esq., 3 St. John's Villa-, Margate. 

•Barron, Edward Jackson, Esq., f.s.a., 10 Endsleigh Street, Tavistock Square, 
\\ .i . 

■ ! I 8 I B idroog, Shooters' Hill. s.e. 

B Arthur, Esq., Sunnj Croft, Holland Road, Maidstone. 

*Bartrani, Bev. Canon 11.. m.v.. St. Mary's Vicarage, Dover. 

r, Wynne E., Esq., j.f., d.i . 170 Church Street, Stoke Newington, n. 
• I; . \l. ( . v. v.. Bingwould Etectory, Dover. 
I: .1 . Esq., Grove House, Gravesend. 
\. W, T . 1 - - 1 . . 17 i [uare, w. 

Etev. II. L.j M \., Bipple Elector}', near Dover. 
1 I .1 — I vii, m \.. Rectory, Rotherliithe, S.E. 

. 11. T . Esq., ^i Clephane Boad, Canonhury, n. 
Belchi r, \\ . I>.. Esq., " Efcosemullion," Gubuyon Avenue, Heme Hill, s.e. 
II nrv Thomas, Esq., Court Lodge, Teynham, Sittingbourne. 
i. Hubert, Esq., Bearsted, Maidstone. 

r M. Q . j.p., Park House, Boxley, Maidstone. 
•Bevan, Arthur T., Esq., Dormers, Bessels Green, Sevenoaks. 
. P. L. Esq., Chipstead Place, Sevenoaks. 
gton, Col. S. 1!.. Merle Wood, Sevenoaks. 
♦Bickne \ 8., Esq., Baroomhe House, Barcombe, Lewes, Sussex. 
. I.. .M.. Esq., 38 Parnaby Road. Shortlands, Kent. 
G 8., m l, 28 Leyburn Terrace, Dover. 
Birmingham Free Libraries (Mr. A. Capel Shaw, Librarian), Ratcliff Place, 
Birmingham. 

■ . William 11., Esq., 8 Prince of Wales' Terrace, Kensington, w. 
•Blakiston, The Very Rev. R. Mill. urn. f.s.a., The Deanery, Hadleigh, Suffolk. 
Bligh, 1 • Eonourable Arthur, 21 Hill Street, I: - uare, w. 

Tin- Lady Isabel, Patherwell House, Wesl Mailing, Maidstone. 
Etev. Canon, M.A., Betteshanger Etectory, Dover. 
i: v. p. Babington, M.A., Greal Mongeham Etectory, Deal. 
B v. Canon <;. J., D.D., St. Stephen's, Canterbury. ' 
t -l bn, Springfield-, Westerham, Edenbridge. 
I. brary, The. Oxford. 
W., Esq., Tenterden, Kent. 
B i: J.E..M.A., St. Augustine's College, Canterbury. 
, A III rove, Penshurst. 

John A., m.v . Boughton Blean Vicarage, Faversham. 
A W Esq Scalers Hill, Cobham, near Gravesend. 
' I N V k.( m ... (careol T. W. Burden, Esq., Headcorn, Kent). 
Esq . [nterlaken, Pall Biver, Mast . is A. 
"Bon . \ im.h.v. in Serjeants' Inn, Pleel Street, B.C. 

I ' Hum. .n. Maidstone. 

m.p., Speldhurst, Tunbridge Wells 
1 ' ' 8 \ K( an Paul, Trench, Triibner, and Co., Dryden 

•'I - t, 8 Mo). 

i: 
■ " Kenl \ i: imsgate. 

'■ I I - . i .i: m b., Wesl Mailing, Kent. 

' I 
B*v. II. J., m.a., 1 ■ Kelvedon, Essex. 

im. 
: - 1 I ad, Tunbrid e Wi lis. 

'I bei Sheerness. 
i IJ Mandeville Place, w 

1 1 House, 17 \ r ii boi a B ad. Clapham Common 



LIST OF MEMBEltS. XIX 

Bridge, J. II., Esq., Brewer Street, Maidstone. 
Briggs, C. A., Esq., Rock House, Lynmouth, North Devon. 
Brightman, Edward W. a Esq., Sheerness. 
Brighton Free Library, Brighton. 

Urine, Rev. A. L., m.a., Willesborough Rectory, Ashford. 
Broad, John, Esq., 5 Bank Street, Ashford, Kent. 
Brockman, A. Drake, Esq., Folkestone. 
Brooke, Edward, Esq., Ufford Place, Woodbridge, Suffolk. 
Brooke, II., Esq., 9 Radnor Cliffe, Sandgate. 
Brown, Alex., Esq., Hothfiold, Ashford, Kent. 

* Brown, Lieut.-Colonel C. G., 30 Queen's Gardens, Lancaster Gate, w. 
♦Brown, Robert Ross, Esq., Strood, Rochester. 
Browne, Rev. R. C. Lathom, m.a., Hever Rectory, Edenhridge. 
Browning, Arthur Giraud, Esq., Spencer Lodge, Wandsworth Common, s.w. 
♦Bruce, Sir Gainsford, Yewhurst, Bromley, Kent. 
Bullard, Thomas, Esq., 158 Burnt Ash Hill, Lee, Kent. 
*Bunyard, G., Esq., F.R.H.s., Maidstone. 
Burden, T. W., Esq., Headcorn, Ashford. 
*Burgess, Major C. J., Salisbury Tower, Windsor Castle. 
Burra, James S., Esq., J. P., Ashford, Kent. 
Burrows, A. J., Esq., F.s.i., Pluckley, Ashford, Kent. 
Butt, Gow, Esq., Hawkhurst. 

♦Bywater, Witham M., Esq., M.E.INST., Invicta, 33 Telford Avenue, Streatham 
Hill, s.w. 



Camden, The Most Noble the Marquess, Bayham Abbey, Tunbridge Wells. 

Canterbury Cathedral, Library of the Dean and Chapter. 

Canterbury, The Dean of, The Precincts, Canterbury. 

Canterbury Municipal Library, The Royal Museum, Canterbury. 

Capes, Rev. Canon W. W., M.A., Bramshott Rectory, Liphook, Hants. 

Carman, D. G., Esq., West Mailing. 

Carnell, George F., Esq., f.k.hist.s., Sevenoaks. 

Carr, Rev. Arthur, m.a., Addington Vicarage, Croydon. 

Carr, Rev. Canon J. Haslewood, m.a., Adisham Rectory, Wingham. 

Carr, Rev. T. A., m.a., Vicarage, Marden, Staplehurst. 

Carr, Rev. T. W., M.A., Long Rede, Barming, Maidstone. 

Carre, Rev. A. A., m.a., The Vicarage, Headcorn. 

Caswell, Miss E., Elcot, St. Michael's Road, Ramsgate. 

*Cazalet, W. M., Esq., J.P., Fairlawn, Shipborne, Tunbridge. 

Chambers, Miss M., Deepdene, Albert Road, Ramsgate. 

Chapman, A. D. B., Esq., The Birches, Penshurst. 

♦Chapman, H. Mapleton, Esq., St. Martin's Priory, Canterbury. 

Charles, R. Stafford, Esq., 2 Broad Street Place, E.G. 

Charrington, M. V., Esq., The Warren, Hever, Edenbridge. 

Cheetham, The Venerable Archdeacon, d.d., f.s.a., The Precinct, Rochester. 

Cheney, A. D., Esq., Berwick, Lympne, Hythe. 

Church, F., Esq., The Elms, Sutton Valence. 

Churchill, Rev. W. H., m.a., Stone House, St. Peter's, Broadstairs. 

Clements, A. F., Esq., 139 High Street, Hythe. 

Clifford, James, Esq., Maidstone. 

Clinch, George, Esq., f.g.s., 22 Nicholson Road, Addiscombe. 

Cloke, F., Esq., Sandwich. 

*Clout, Richard, Esq., Brome House, West Mailing, Maidstone. 

Coates, Mrs. Ann, Shorne, Gravesend. 

Cobb, E. F., Esq., a.e.i.b.a., 20 High Street, Rochester. 

Cobb, F. Marsden, Esq., Bank House, Margate. 

Cobb, H. M., Esq., Higham, Rochester. 

♦Cobham, Charles, Esq., The Shrubbery, Gravesend. 

b 2 



XX KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

\\ i, \~ , f.b.i., 4 Woodville Terrace, Gravesend. 
i |ir l W., 1 Porchester Houses, Porchester Square, w. 

urn, Edward, Esq.. The Croft, Ellington Road, Ramsgate. 

G.J Esq., m.j F.8.A., Clarenreux King of Arms, College of Arms, 

otoria Street, B.c, and Exeter Souse, Roebampton. 
.1 -. Es South Villa, St. Peter's Boad, Margate. 
\\ illiam, Esq., The Shrubbery, Buckland, l>.>\rr. 
i:. \, Canon .). Oakley, b.d., St. Lawrence, Ramsgate. 
1 I; v. Anthony, M.A., Bredhurat Vicarage, Chatham. 

\. Carus Y . h.a . Burton Agnes, Driffield. 
•Collins, Brenton II . Esq . Dunorlan, Tunbridge \\"«1 1 s. 
I II nry, M.A., St. Philip's Vicarage, Maidstone. 

Collyer, ll.<\ Esq., Breakhurst, Beddington, Croydon. 
Collyer, I II . Esq., Redoote, Walmer. 
Columbia University Library. New York (per Mr. G. E. Stecliert, 2 Star Yard, 

I hancery Lane, w.c). 
♦Col son, Thos., Esq., f.s.a., Wombwell Hall, Gravesend. 

Library, Washington, U.S.A. (per Mr. Allen, 23 Henrietta Street, 
.' Garden, w .< .). 
. Richard, Esq., The Croft, Detling, Maidstone. 
1 \ E., Esq., Manor House, [ghtham, Sevenoaks. 

' id. Lieut.-Colonel, F.8.A., Ramsgate. 

1 .1 ohn, Esq., Sheerness. 

I . Esq., •'• Gabriel's Hill, Maidstone. 
- I S. w '.. Esq., j.p., Linton Park, Maidstone. 
Cotton . Alderman <;.. I teal. 

• 'ii. Charles, Esq., f.b.c.p., 42 Spencer Square, Ramsgate. 
II' nry Hugh Powell, Esq., WeBterham. 
1 u . .1 . I! , Esq., Cruiserath, South-Eastern Road, Ramsgate. 

I \\ biligh, Sussex. 
Courtney, E. M.. Esq., Basl Cliff HouBe, Ramsgate. 

I '- i . F.B.C.S., 24 Harrington Gardens, s.w. 
rick John, Esq., 7 Osberton Road, Lee, Kent. 
Cozens, Walter, Esq., Canterbury. 

Cradock, Mrs. G. B. W., EUenlea, Boveney Road, Honor Oak Park, s.b. 
Cranbrook, The Earl of, Hemsted, Cranbrook. 

rook Literary Institute, Cranbrook. 
Crapper, R .. P. M . \i.\. Grammar School, Paversham. 

I Preston Les Eaversham. 
1 v ickVille, Esq . .i.i'.. Eole Park, Rolvenden. 

1 I Lavendi rs, W< si Mailing. 

en Street, Park Lane, w. 
1 II Esq., Si renoaks. 

1 I H I Beckley, Overcliff, Gravesend. 

' B v. T. G., 8 I Vicarage, Ramsgate. 

Crundall, 8ir W. II . D 



B ■ II E T., M.A., Tunstall Rectory, Sittingbourne 
Culleti I 1 02 Piccadilly, w . 




' rhe 1 ly Elizabeth, 13 E cl( »ton Square, B.^ . 

i I I swood, The Avenue, Beokenham. 



• ' II ■■ ■ v Cent. 

I Earl of, ( Hi,, kveaend. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXI 

Davies, David, Esq., 57 The Pantiles, Tunbridge Wells. 

Davis, Arthur Randall, Esq., M.R.C.S., Oaklands, Hythe, Kent, 

*Day, Miss, Glenside, Upper Walmer. 

Day, Walter, Esq., Earl Street, .Maid-tone. 

Dcnne, Major Alured 13., k.a., Chief Inspector of Explosives, Johannesburg, 
Transvaal, South Africa. 

*Dewey, T. C, Esq., South Hill Wood, Bromley. 

*Devvick, Rev. E. S., f.s.a., 26 Oxford Square, Hyde Park,w. 

Dickenson, Lieut.-Colonel J. Newton, The Precincts, Canterbury. 

Dickson, Rev. R. H., m.a., Eastchurcb Rectory, Sheerness. 

*Dimsdale, John, Esq. (care of C. J. Mercer, Esq., Northwick Lodge, Harrow- 
on-the-Hill). 

Dixon, Lieut.-General, Wood's Gate, Pembury, Tunbridge Wells. 

*Dodgson, W. H., Esq., Forest Lodge, Keston, Kent. 

Donaldson, Sir George, Wateringbury Place, and 4 Queen Anne Street, Caven- 
dish Square, w. 

Donne, Rev. Charles Edward, m.a., 18 Ladbroke Road, Notting Hill, \v. 

Douglas, Mrs., Groton House, Walmer. 

Dover Proprietary Library (care of E. M. Worsfold, Esq., Market Square, 
Dover). 

Down, Capt. W. Thornton, E.N., Spearpoint, Ashford. 

Drake, Charles, Esq., Newton Road, Faversham. 

Dudlow, Miss, West Mailing, Maidstone. 

Duffield, F. H., Esq., St. Oswald's, Shortlands, Bromley, Kent. 

Duncan, Leland L., Esq., f.s.a., Rosslair, Lingard's Road, Lewisham, s.e. 

*Durst, Rev. John, m.a., Cade House, West Mailing. 

Dyke, Rev. John Dixon, m.a., 30 Crowhurst Road, Brixton, s.w. 



Eagleton, L. 0., Esq., 5 Warren Road, Bexley Heath, Kent. 

East, F. J., Esq., 42 St. Kilda's Road, Stoke Newington, N. 

*Eastgate, Rev. C. E., m.a., St. Paul's Vicarage, Ramsgate. 

Easton, Rev. J. G., m.a., Murston Rectory, Sittingbourne. 

*Ebbs, A. B.. Esq., Tuborg, Durham Avenue, Bromley. 

Ebbs, Miss M. E., The Hermitage, Upper Walmer. 

Edmeades, Major-General, Nurstead Court, Gravesend. 

Edwards, Thos., Esq., Ashford, Kent. 

*Elgar, J. F., Esq., Wingham Lodge, Rochester. 

Elliott, Robert, Esq., Little Hothfield, Ashford, Kent. 

*Ellis, Rev. J. H., m.a., 29 Collingham Gardens, South Kensington, s.w. 

Elwes, Valentine E. H. Carj r , Esq., f.s.a., Billing Hall, Northampton. 

Elyard, S. John, Esq., Brook Lodge, The Avenue, Surbitou, Surrey. 

Essell, E. W., Esq., 25 Bedford Row, w.c. 

Evans, Miss A., Shenstone, Crayford. 

*Evans, Sir John, d.c.l., f.r.s., f.s.a., Nash Mills, Hemel Hempstead. 

Evans, Sebastian, Esq., Honorary Secretary, Abbot's Barton, Canterbury. 



Falche, Douglas, Esq., Allington Castle, Maidstone. 

Farn, A. B., Esq., Mount Nod, Greenhithe. 

Faulding, J., Esq., Boxley House, Tenterden. 

*Faunthorpe, Rev. John P., m.a., Elmfield, Bromley Common, Kent. 

*Fergusson, Sir James Ranken, Bart., f.s.a. scot., Hever Court, Gravesend. 

Finn, Arthur, Esq., Westbrook, Ljdd, Folkestone. 

Finn, Edwin, Esq., Elm Grove, Lydd. 

Finn, Mrs. Frederick, " Thornby," Ethelbert Road, Canterbury. 



XXli KENT AKC1KE0L0GICAL SOCIETY. 

Firth, c'lurl. - Esq . kj., Gravesend. 

Pitch, -Mr- M. L., •" Linda," Frances Road, Windsor. 

Fletch . raiding. 

'.. ae I-. '■ M irgaret, Basl Court, Detliug. 
-, \\ illi:uii I - E afield, Gravesend. 

Walker, \i.\.. 11 Cambridge Terrace, Dover 
: Public Library, Folkestone. 

I i 8 i - Reynolds Place, Horton Kirby, Kent 

J . Esq., Hatton House, Chislehurst. 
Lieut.-Genera] Wentworth, The Gleanings, Eoohester. 
Ford, Edward, Esq., Bridgen Place, Bexley. 
tan, Owen, Esq., Hunton, Maidstone. 
r, W. Samuel, ESsq . Bumwood, Maidstone. 

M cohn, Little Glassenbury, Cranbrook. 
!:- Marian .lane. Little Glassenbury, Cranbrook. 
i . Hamill in, Esq . " Berkeley House," Hay Hill, w. 

B . '.. \ :■• i. H.A., Guise House, Aspley Guise, R.S.O., Beds. 
Prampton, B • I Shipdem, B.C.I . m.a., k.s.a., 8 Town Wall Street, Dover. 
Pranks, I U.I i Loampits, Tonbridge. 
Premli , B 11 . Esq , Wateringbury. 
Premlii B .1 Esq . Heathfield, Maidstone. 
Prenoh, K- i 11. I> . u \ . 8t. Andrew's Beotory, Canterbury. 

i it l, Earl Street, Maidstone. 
Fuller, Samuel, Esq . 38 Queen Street, ttamsgate. 
Purley, w dter, Esq., Combe House, Canterbury. 
Pynmore, Biohard John, Esq., Wykeham House, Sandgate. 



A : i. '1 llfiu . . Esq . Folkestone. 
Iner, Saml., Esq., Oakhurst, .Mount Park Bead, Harrow-on-the-HiU. 
Gardner- Waterman, Rev. W ., m.a., Lou-,- Vicarage, Maidstone. 
Gardner- Waterman, Mrs. Win, Luton House, Hy the. 
Garling, Henry \i , Esq., Folkestone. 
!'-. Mr-.. Northiam, FoBcestone. 
I G., Esq., Sittingbourne. 
Gilby, Bowland 11.. Esq., 15 Priolo Bead, Old Charlton, s.e. 
•Gill, .1. HayiiH n. Esq., Bochester. 
( iirau ; . ! I . I - . Faversham. 

B B I. 81 James's Lodge, Fulham Palace Road, s.w. 
t, Capt. Edmund G., b.b., < !uckfield, Sussex. 

e,H. B.G Esq., Hartlip Place, Sittingbourne. 
Hum hr< ■■ . Esq., St. John - Lodge, Sevenoaks. 
', William, St. John a Lodge, Sevenoaks. 

I P.8.A., A bbot'fi Barton, * lanterbury. 
i I I non < !ourt, Wateringbury. 
I - i in-. 

■ Edmund, Esq., b.a., Lyndhurst, Grange Park, Ealing, \v. 
II .11. Birchington, Margate. 

1 : . I, I.- i . I. K.i .P., PolVI iirne. 

U E I on-tall, Sittingbourne. 

II l I Quintain House, Offham. 
ksham, Wilts. 

I. ii Bromley. 

I I in , M.H.. Gabrii 1 1 ! Maidstone, 
U. J I. DeTonshire House, Park Komi, n v iln-. 
■ i m.a., Adding ton Beotory, Maid-tone. 

I .1. <.. i; . m.a.. Stamfordham Vioarage, Newoastle-on- 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XX111 

*Hale, C. G., Esq., Ivy Hatch, Sevenoaks. 

Hale, Itcv. J. R., m.a., Hortoa Kirby Vicarage, Dartford. 

*Hales, Rev. R. Cox, m.a., 27 Cambridge Road, Brighton. 

*Hales, Mrs. Ada Young, 27 Cambridge Road, Brighton. 

Halloran, Rev. .J., m.a., lOastwell Rectory, Ashford. 

Hambrook, J. B., Esq., Stroud Street, Dover. 

Hamilton, II., Esq., Albert Road, Ashford. 

Hannen, The Hon. Henry, The Hall, West Farleigh. 

Hard}', Rev. A. O., m.a., The Rectory, Lydd. 

*Harris, The Lord, G.C.M.G., Belmont, Faversham. 

Harris, Edwin, Esq., Rochester. 

Harris, W. J., Esq., Sittingbourne. 

Harrison, Rev. Alban Henry, m.a., The Rectory, Great Chart, Ashford. 

Harrison, W. H., Esq., Maidstone Road, Rochester. 

Harvey, Sidue} r , Esq., F.c.s., Watling Street, Canterbury. 

*Haslehust, Arthur C, Esq., Thornden, Burnt Ash Hill, Lee, s.E. 

"Tlaslewood, Rev. F. G., ll.d., d.c.l., Chislet Vicarage, Canterbury. 

Haslevvood, II. Dering, Esq., 139 Temple Chambers, Whitefriars, K.c. 

Hassell, Lewis, Esq., Gitl'ords, Dareiith, Dartford. 

*Hatfeild, Capt. Charles T., Hartsdown, Margate. 

Hawkes, E. J., Esq., l.e.c.p., West Cliff Road, Ramsgate. 

*Hawkesbury, The Right Hon. Lord, 2 Carlton House Terrace, s.w. 

Hawley, Rev. C. C, m.a., Leybourne Rectory, Maidstone. 

Haynes, Lewis, Esq., Burn Oak, E ist Beckham, Kent. 

Hayton, Rev. G, Ryarsh, West Mailing. 

Heale, Rev. J. N., m.a., St. Thomas Vicarage, Bethnal Green, N.E. 

Hellicar, Rev. A. G., m.a., Bromley Vicarage, Kent. 

llile, D. G. M., Clydesdale House, Lamhourne Road, s.w. 

Hill, R. H. E., Esq., St. Keverne, Bromley. 

Hill, Mrs. Samuel, Moyle Tower, Hytlie. 

Mills, Miss E., Trafalgar Villa, Westcliffe Road, Ramsgate. 

Hills, W., Esq., Gwdyr House, Dane Road, Margate. 

Hills, W. II., Esq., 40 King Street, Ramsgate. 

Minds, A. 1>., Esq., m.a., 5 Nicosia Road, Wandsworth Common, s.w. 

Hinds, Henry, Esq., Queen Street, Ramsgate. 

Hinds, Henry George R., Esq., 2 Birch Villas, Elms, Ramsgate. 

Hitchcock, W. M., Esq., Mayfield, Orchard Road, Blackheath, s.E. 

Hoar, Robert, Esq., Hawthorndene, Maidstone. 

*Hoare, W., Esq., Iden Manor, Staplehurst. 

Hodges, T. A., Esq., West Mailing. 

Hodgson, J. B., E-q., 1 Royal Crescent, Ramsgate. 

Holden, E. J., Esq., Folkestone. 

Holmes, E. J., Esq., Cranbrook Literary Association. 

Holmes, Miss, The Laurels, Whitstable Road, Canterbury. 

*Holt- White, R., Esq., Warren Wood, Bexley Heath. 

Homewood, Chas. E., Esq., Tunstall, Sittingbourne. 

Homewood, E. J., Esq., 14 Pel ham Road, Gravesend. 

Homewood, W. J., Esq., Holmbury, Shawfield Park, Bromley, Kent. 

Honey ball, Jas. F., Esq., New Gardens, Teynham, Sittingbourne. 

Hooker, G. N., Esq., m.a., 2 Richmond Villas, Ramsgate. 

Hooper, Captain Charles F., j.p., Harewell House, Sheldwich, Faversham. 

Horan, Mrs., The Mount, Lamberhurst, Sussex. 

*Hordern, Herbert, Esq., J.P., Throwley House, Faversham. 

Horsley, Sir Victor, m.b., f.r.s., 25 Cavendish Square, w. 

Hothfield, The Lord, Hothfield, Ashford, Kent. 

*Hoveuden, Robert, Esq., f.s.a., Heathcote, Park Hill Road, Croydon. 

Howell, G. O., Esq., 210 Eglinton Road, Plumstead. 

Hoyle, John, Esq., Cliff House, Greenhithe, Kent. 

Hughes, C. G., Esq., Myrtle House, Canterbury Road, Sittingbourne. 



wiv KENT AKCH.EOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Bughes, w Bssington, Esq., K.K.msr.s., 89 Alexandra Road, South Bamp- 

H H 

Bulburd, .1 tec l- , High Street, Sittingboume. 
Sunt, Miss M .1.. Elba, Albion Road, Ramsgate. 
Busaey, Miss Ai v G 's Place, Canterbury. 

Arthur, Esq . Clare Road, Tankerton-on-Sea, Whitstable. 
Hutchinson, C. B I - [., lb.i.b.a., Upper Deal. 



I . Be i .. Oakwood, Canterbury Road, Ashford. 



.1' C, Esq., l- Markel Street, Faversham. 
\ I Es . L2 St James's Plane, St. James's Street, s.w. 
• .1 L, Eg . Sandwioh. 
i M .1 . Esq., Biggin Street, Dover. 

.1 B , Esq., Phe Manor Bouse, Dartmouth, Devon. 
w . .1 . Esq., Batton Bouse, Westgate-on-Sea. 
w l: . Esq., Springwood Lodge, Oakfield Road, Clapton, k.e. 
1' .1 II . Esq . LO Brookside, Cambridge. 
.i r, W. M., Esq . Sandgate, Folkestone. 
'Jenninj - C 1 .1 . Esq., Braokley Bouse, Beokenham. 

j, W J., Esq., Watling Street, Canterbury. 
1 - T Baron, Esq., jr.p., Brooksden, Cranbrook. 
'Johns . M w urton, Esq., 76 The Drive, Wesl Brighton. 

P. Mainwaring, Esq., 31 DeCrespigny Park, Denmark Bill, s.e. 
'Jones, Eric A. Goddard, Esq., 3 Talbol Place, Blackheath, s.e. 

- Berbert, Esq . i> v.. 12 Shooter's Bill Road, Blackheath, s.e. 
i - B ■ II Esq., Belfort, Park Bill Bise, Croydon. 

R 8., Esq., m v.. New Ball, Dymchurch. 
Dr. T . < Iranbrook. 

Heath. Esq., Freshford, South Bill Park, Bromley, Kent. 



Barman, Es'j., AbbevneM, Price's Avenue, Margate. 
• K • -i i j i - I B.j Esq., Old Place, Lindfield, Sussex. 
Kennard, David, Be | rl ster Hill. Linton, Maidstone. 
v k worth, Esq., Mirkin Road, Dartford. 

- L, Aldermaster Court, Reading. 
• I n Be | The Banks, Rochester. 
9 II . Esq., Danesoliff, St. Lawrence, Thanet, Kent. 
Villa, Gi resend. 
II Ni., Esq., Be tdoorn, Kent. 
M r - Henry, Billside, Bythe. 
II ". . Esq., Wierton Place, Boughton Monchelsea. 
Mrs. C, Baj b ini Road, Sevenoaks. 

s • i \ Bouse, Blackheath, s.i . 
Sir E. W., k.c.b., Castle Hill Bouse, l> >ver 
Esq., Ashwellthorpe, Watford, 11. rt-. 



- I I .17 North Street, Ashford. 

i - Anthony's, Weybridge, Surrey, 

aberhurst Vicarage, Kent. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXV 

Latham, Albert, Esq., 15 Cecil Square, Margate. 

Latham, F. L., Esq., Cuds Hill Place, Higham, Rochester. 

Lattemer, E., Esq., Church Institute, Maidstone. 

Laurence, Miss M. E., Gardenhurst, Park Hill, Uexley. 

Laurie, A., Esq., Rockdale, Sevenoaks. 

*Lavers, Nathaniel Wood, Esq., 22 Eudell Street, Bloomsbury, w.c. 

*Layton, Thos., Esq., 22 Kevv Bridge Road, Kevv Bridge, w. 

Leatham, Herbert Rowe, Esq., Thanet College, Margate. 

*Legg, J. Wickham, Esq., m.d., f.s.a., 47 Green Street, Park Laue, w. 

Legg, Rev. Win,, m.a., St. John's Vicarage, Newbury, Berks. 

*Len '\ . 11 irry, Esq., Selling Court, Faversham. 

*Leney, Hugh, Esq., Castle Street, Dover. 

*Levy, Lewis, Esq., Borden Hall, Sittingbourne. 

Lewes, Sir Samuel, 163 Lewisham High Road, s.e. 

Lewis, W. Leach, Esq., J. p., Margate College, Margate. 

Lewis, Eev. R. W. M., m.a., 186 New Cross Road, s.e. 

Lincoln's Inn Library (A. F. Etheridge, Esq., Librarian), Lincoln's Inn, w.c. 

Little, A. G., Esq., Sevenoaks. 

Littlewood, Rev. A. B., Vicarage, East Farleigh, Maidstone. 

Livett, Rev. Grevile M., b.a., f.s.a., Wateringbury Vicarage, Kent. 

*Llewellin, W., Esq., Upton House, near Poole. 

Lloyd, Rev. Prebendary Iorvverth Grey, m.a., f.s.a., Cresborough, Haverford- 
west, South Wales. 

Lochee, W. A., Esq., Oaten Hill House, Canterbury. 

London, The Librarian (pro tern.) of the Corporation of the City of, Guildhall, 
E.C. 

London Library, The, 14 St. James's Square, s.w. 

Lord, W. Wylie, Esq., Westleu, Upper Walmer. 

*Lowndes, G. Alan, Esq., Barrington Hall, Hatfield Broad Oak, Essex. 

Lowndes, Mrs., Stone Cross, Ramsgate. 

Lubbock, Percy, Esq., Emmetts, Ide Hill, Sevenoaks. 

Lucas, Rev. Arthur, m.a., Parkside, Tonbridge. 

Lushington, Rev. T. Godfrey, m.a., Bearsted Vicarage, Maidstone. 



McCall, R. A., Esq., K.c, The Knoll, Walmer. 

Mace, J. Ellis, Esq., Tenterden. 

McGill, Miss, Bordyke, Tonbridge. 

MacKay, Miss, Hatherwolden Grange, High Halden. 

Mackinnon, Rev. D. D., m.a., Speldhurst Rectory. 

McLellan, Wm. Juo., Esq., Goddington Road, Strood. 

McMeckan, Major F. F., r.a., Dover. 

*Malcolm, John, Esq., 55 Beach Street, Deal. 

Manser, S., Esq., 26 Blenheim Road, Deal. 

Marchant, C, Esq., 11 Duke Street, St. James's, s.w. 

Marchant, Robt., Esq., Sutton-at-Hone, Dartford, Kent. 

*x\larks, H. H., Esq., M.P., J. p., Callis Court, St. Peter's, Thanet. 

Marks, H. Cecil, Esq., Callis Court, St. Peter's, Thanet. 

Marshall, Rev. W., m.a., Ewhurst Rector}--, Hawkhurst. 

*Marsham-Townshend, The Hon. Robert, f.s.a., Frognal, Foots Cray, Kent. 

Martin, F. W., Esq., 57 Darnley Road, Gravesend. 

Martin, Rev. J. Hankin, Headcorn, Kent. 

*Martin, P. A. B., Esq., Chipstead, Sevenoaks. 

*Martin, Richard Biddulph, Esq., Overbury Court, Tewkesbury. 

Martin, Rev. W. T., Bicknor Rectory, Hollingbourne, Kent. 

* Mason, Rev. Canon, The Precincts, Canterbury. 

May, William, Esq., Northfield, St. Mary Cray/Kent. 

Maylam, Percy, Esq., 32 Watling Street, Canterbury. 



XXVI KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Iferoer, B M.. Esq., Dane John, Canterbury. 
'.; r, Randall, Esq., Sandling Place, Maidstone. 
Mercer, W. P., Esq., .Maid-' 

\v .1 . Esq . 1- Marine Terrace, Margate. 

in. Colonel Arthur, Pontruffydd, Trefnant, R.S.O., North Wales. 
Millard. Eev. P. If., m.a., Otham Bectory, Maidstone. 
Miller, Rev. J. A., B.D., The Rectory, Ivvchurch, Kent. 
Miller, Martin, Esq., Netherfield, Scott's Lane, Shortlands, Kent. 
Monckton, Herbert, Esq . Town clerk, .Maidstone. 
Monins, John 11., Esq., J.P., E&ingwould House, Dover. 
Montefiore, Etoberl M. Sebag, Esq., East Cliff Lodge, Ramsgate. 
Montgomerie, !>.. Esq., 69 Bedford Gardens, Campden Hill, w. 
Morris, J., Esq., Abbotscliffe House, Folkestone. 

- J. W '.. Esq., .") Market Street, Favershani. 

n, The Lad; Augusta, GHoddaeth Hall, Conway. 
•Mowll, Mart \ ii. Esq., Dover. 

Muller, W. 11., Esq., 12 West Chislehurst Park, Elthara. 
Murray. A. E., Esq., St. Clare, Upper Walmer. 
Morton, sir Walter, C.B., Beech House, Chislehurst. 
Museum, The, Maidstone. 



Nash, Rev. E. J., m.a.. Minor Canon Row, Rochester. 

National Portrait Gallery, The (care of Messrs. Wyman and Son, Fetter Lane, 

Neaine, Mrs. Frederick, Luton, Belling. 

, The Honourable Ralph, Birling Manor, West Mailing, Maidstone. 
Newberry Library, Chicago, U.S.A. (per Messrs. B. F. Stevens and Browne, 

l Trafalgar Square, w.c.). 
Newington, Mrs. Campbell, Oakover, Ticehurst, Sussex. 
New man, F. T., Esq., 13 Guildhall street, Folkestone. 

ii. \V. M.. Esq., Bummerhill Road, Dartford. 
New Vork Public Library (care of Messrs. B. F. Stevens and Browne, 4 Trafalgar 

Square, w.c). 
Nicholls, W. F. G., Esq., The College, Littlestone-on-Sea. 

Is, W. II., Esq., Wellington House, Mill Road, Deal. 
Lois, Win. J., Esq., Lachine, Chislehurst, Kent. 
♦Ninni-. tnspeotor-General Belgrave, m.d., Brockenhurst, Aldringlon Road, 

itham, s.w. 
Ni-bet. Rev. Canon M. A., m.a., [okham Rector)-, Wingham. 
'No;,k \| - i; . Brooklej Hall, Brockley, 8.E. 
•N'.ble. Wilson I- Tanglej Park, Worplesdon, Guildford. 
•Norman, Philip, Esq., I .B.A., l". Evelyn Gardens, South Kensington, s.w. 
Nbrthbourne, The Lord, Betteshanger, Dover, 
►Norwood, Edward, Esq., Charing, Ashford, Kent. 
Norwood, I; Manton Rectory, Barton Lindsey, Lincolnshire. 

•Nottidge, Albert James, Esq., Dry Hill Park, Tonbridge. 
Nottid i Esq., f.V . A-bford. 



I - . w timer Place, Walmer, heal. 
i Bdm Ward, Esq . l Corbet Court, Graoechurob Street I i 
II < Hewitt, Esq., Wesl Mailing. 
Hi II II . Skinner House, Lydd, 
J. 8 i. M ddstone. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXV11 

Orger, Rev. E. R., m.a., Effingham Crescent, Dover. 
Owen, Rev. A. P. O, m.a., Meopham Vicarage, Gravesend. 
Oxeiihain, E. H., Esq., f.k.s.l., Keston Villa, Rushey Green, Catford. 
Oyler, T. H., Esq., Langlcy Lodge, Sutton Valence, Staplchurst. 



Page, W. Gray, Esq., 2 Queen Street, Ramsgate. 

*Paine, Mrs. Dunkiey, Cockshot Hill, Eeigate. 

Palmer, John, Esq., m.k.c.s., Snodland, Kent. 

Palmer, lv v. J. H., M.A., Coniston, Main Road, Sidcup. 

Paramor, J. M., Esq., Canterbury Road, Margate. 

Parkes, R., Esq., Church Road, Ashford. 

Partridge, Rev. P., m.a., King's School, Rochester. 

Patrick, G., Esq., a.r.i.b.a., Ivauhoe, Woodborough Road, Putney, s.w. 

Paxon, Arthur, Esq., Netherhall, Sidcup, Kent. 

Payne, Rev. Canon D. Bruce, d.d., St. George's Vicarage, Deal. 

Payne, George, Esq., f.l.s., f.s.a., The Precinct, Rochester. 

Payne, Mrs. George, The Precinct, Rochester. 

Pearman, Rev. A. J., m.a., The Precinct, Rochester. 

Pearman, Rev. M. T., m.a., Iwade Vicarage, Sittingbourne. 

Pearne, Thomas, Esq., Carmel Cottage, Loose, Maidstone. 

Pearse, Rev. J. T., m.a., Chiddingstone Rectory, Kent. 

Peckham, Thomas Gilbert, Esq., J. p., Hall Place, Harbledovvn, Canterbury. 

^Pembroke, G. P. Amos, Esq., lfi Featherstone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, w.c 

*Penfold, Hugh, Esq., m.a., Rustingtou, Worthing. 

Pennsylvania Historical Society, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. (care of Messrs. Stevens 

and Browne, 4 Trafalgar Square, w.c). 
Pepper, Matthew, Esq., 47 High Street, Dover. * 
Percy, E. G., Esq., 26 Great Tower Street, E.c. 
Perowne, E. S. M., Esq., f.s.a., 20 Randolph Road, Maida Vale, w. 
Perry, Rev. C. R., d.d., .Mickfield Rectory, Suffolk. 
*Phelps, Rev. L. R., m.a., Oriel College, Oxford. 
Phillips, Rev. E. E., m.a., Bower Hill House, Maidstone. 
Philpott, S. G. P., Esq., Tannavalla, Ellington Road, Ramsgate. 
Philpotts, Miss, The Laurels, Whitstable Road, Canterbury. 
Pittock, Dr., Canterbury. 

Pleadwell, W. G., Esq., 31 Castellaiu Road, Maida Hill, w. 
Pledge, Thomas, Esq., Newnham Court, Boxley, Maidstone. 
Plowden, Miss, 2 Albion Villas, Folkestone. 
Pole, Rev. H., m.a., Beaumont Terrace, Dover. 
Poole, M. J., Esq., 12 Chapel Place, Ramsgate. 
*Powell, C. Watson, Esq., D.L., J.P., Hon. Treasurer, Speldhurst, Tunbridge 

Wells. 
Powell-Cotton, Major P. H. G., Quex Park, Birchington. 
Pratt, The Lady Frances, The Grove, Seal, Sevenoaks. 
Prentis, Walter, Esq., Road House, Sittingbourne. 
Prescott, F., Esq., Dover. 

Preston, J. Harvey, Esq., The Haven, Eliot Vale, Blackheath, s.E. 
Probyn, Lieut.-Colonel Clifford, 55 Grosvenor Street, w. 
*Prosser, W. B., Esq., Sittingbourne Road, Maidstone. 
Public Record Office (care of Messrs. Eyre and Spottiswoode, 5 Middle New 

Street, e.c). 
Pyne, Lieut.-Colonel E. E., r.m.l.i., Junior United Service Club, 12 Charles 

Street, St. James's, s.w. 



Radcliffe, A., Esq., Lowther, East Cliff, Ramsgate. 

Radnor, The Earl of, 12 Upper Brook Street, Grosvenor Square, w. 



\\viii KENT ARCH-EOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Ramimll. i: \ W 11 . m v . The Rectory, High Haldeu, Ashford. 

Library, Runagate. 
Raphael, Lewis, Esq., Parrock Hall, Gravesend. 
Raven, Roger Abbot, Esq., b.a., Barfield House, Broadstairs. 
Park Mansions, Marylebone Boad, N.w. 
,. Art hur R., Esq.j Birohington. 

• iiit, fabling. 
i; Dalby, Esq., 1 l I leoil Square, Margate. 
I .in.-, Esq . 12 Lower Bridge Street, Canterbury. 
BendalL Bev. Seymour Henry, m.a., The Vicarage, Wye. 
Biobardson, Walter II . Esq., Rookwood, Eltham. 

lone! Sir Howland, Hurt., SI Argyll Boad, Kensington, w. 
I Esq., Prior's, Keston, Beckeuham. 
- n, Mrs Soott, Barton Fields, Canterbury. 
B • W 11 . D D., Gillingbam Vicarage, Chatham. 
Esq . Strood, Rochester. 
l: . W. P., Esq. (oare ol Messrs. Stevens and Browne, 4 Trafalgar Square, 

w.c.V 

The Dean of, The Precinct, Rochester. 
B -' Public Library, Rochester. 

, G II .1 . Esq., F.u.M.s., 55 King Street, Maidstone, 
j, Mrs. Barton Fields, Canterbury. 
John L.. Esq., 5 Bandolph Crescent, Maida Hill, w. 
I; r, Joseph Stanley, Esq., Park House, Hollingbourne. 
Boutledge, Miss, Little Colstrop, Henley-on-Thames. 
Routled . Mr- Cherrj Barton, Molash, Chilham, Kent. 

Thomas Smith, Esq., K.D., Union Crescent, Margate. 
Roxley, H. .).. K-«j., HJ Lansdowne Road, Tunbridge Wells. 
I; d Institution of Greal Britain, The Library of, Albemarle Street, w. 

I W., Esq., Maidstone. 
Buck, Walter, Esq., 11 High Street, Maidstone. 
Rust, J. Edden, Esq , Ililleroft, Roydon, Ware, Essex. 
n, W. Loftie, Esq., F.8.A., 27 Elgin Avenue, w. 



Saokville, The Lord, g.c.m.g., Knole, Sevenoaks. 
mbridge, Speldhurst. 
ae'a Abbey, Ramsgate, The Very Rev. the Abbot of. 
. The Lord Bishop of, The Palace, Salisbury. 
Sir David Lionel, 15 art . Broom Hill. Tunbridge Wells. 
1 1 . raj thorne, Tenterden. 

Saunders, Sibert, Esq., Springfield House, Whitstable. 

i I- ! • ■'•i' •• ; ' 1( ' :i >" Mount, Charing, Ashford, Kent. 

ce and Ad Department, South Kensington, 8. w. 
J. Oldrid, Esq., ] - i: ; House, Oxted, Surrey. 

D, John, Esq., Sole Street. GraV686nd. 

Semen, < II . Esq., Thong, Gravesend. 

Miss F E., 24 London Boad, Sevenoaks. 

I Sittingbourne. 

Shaiiand, G., Esq., Parrock Hall, Graves* ad. 
■ II. w esterham. 

SV., m.a., Trotteechffe Rectory, Maidstone. 
I - ithbourne Road, Upper Tooting, 8.W. 

ft aim Lane, Willesden Green, n.w . 
P. W., Ei i: B., Thompson's, Golden Green, Tunbridge. 
1 ■ l Woburn Hill, Addle-tone 
• I in, Parkhursl Road, Bezley, Kent. 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXIX 

Skarratt, Rev. T. C, Kemsing Vicarage, Sevenoaks. 
♦Smetham, Hour}-, Esq., Strood, Rochester. 
Smith, F. F., Esq., Watts Avenue, Rochester. 
Smith, EL W., Esq., The Cottage, Belvedere, Kent. 
Smith, Rev. Herbert, The Vicarage, Lenham. 
Smith, Jabez, Esq., Faversham. 

Smith, Rev. Robert Cox, M.A., 10 King Square, Goswell Road, E.c. 
Smith, W. P. Haskett, Esq., 34 Russell Road, Holland Park, w. 
Smyth, R. P., Esq., Rochester. 

*Soaues, Temple H., Esq., 17 Calverley Park, Tunbridge Wells. 
Solly, G. C, Esq., The Bungalow, Stone Cross, Sandwich. 
South, Rev. Hugh, b.a., The Rectory, New Romney. 
South, Rev. R. M., m.a., New Romney Vicarage. 
Southee, A. P., Esq., Edgecombe, Folkestone. 
Springett, Mrs., Ashfield, Hawkhurst, Kent. 
Stamford, Dr., Collingwood House, Tunbridge Wells. 
Stanhope, The Earl, Chevening Place, Sevenoaks. 
Stanley, F., Esq., Rokeby, Edgar Road, Margate. 
Stapeley, J., Esq., Headcorn. 
Startup, T. R., Esq., Little Hothfield, Ashford. 
Stephens, A. F. W, Esq., Rome House, Chatham. 
Stevens, W. R., Esq., Summerhill, Goudhurst, Kent. 
*Stevens, Miss E. J„ The Parsonage, Cobham, Gravesend. 
Stirling, James, Esq., Belmore, Ashford. 
Stock, W. T., Esq., 2 Elm Villas, Ramsgate. 
Stokes, C, Esq., 22 Kent Avenue, Ashford. 
Stokes, John, Esq., Westlands, Grosvenor Place, Margate. 
Stokes, Miss A. R., York Villa, Grange Road, Ramsgate. 
Stone, Frank W., Esq., Tunbridge Wells. 
Strahan, IL, Esq., Seabrook Lodge, Hythe. 
*Stratton, A., Esq., Corringham, Reigate Road, Reigate. 
*Streeter, E. W., Esq., F.E.G.s. 
Strickland, R. A., Esq. 
Stringer, H. W., Esq., b.a., New Romney. 
*Stroud, Rev. J., m.a., South Perrott Rectory, Crewkerne. 
*Stubbs, Henry, Esq., Danby, Ballvshannon, Donegal, Ireland. 
Stunt, Walter C, Esq., Lorenden, Faversham. 
*Styan, Miss Anne, 72 Oxford Terrace, w. 
Style, Miss, Boxley House, Maidstone. 
Sutton, F., Esq., "Upton Lodge, St. Peter's, Thanet. 
Swaflield, H., Esq., Cornwall House, Granville Road, Sevenoaks. 
Swan, Rev. R., m.a., West Peckham, Maidstone. 
Sweet, H., Esq., Post Office, Strood, Kent. 
Swindells, E. C, Esq., Horton Park, Hythe. 
Swinford, F., Esq., Minster House, Minster, Thanet. 

Sydney, Free Public Library (care of Messrs. Truslove and Hanson, 151 Oxford 
Street, w.). 



Talbot, Right Honourable John Gilbert, m.p., Falconhurst, Edenbridge. 

Tancock, Rev. O, D.D., School House, Tonbridge. 

Tasker, Henry, Esq., Maidstone. 

*Tayler, W. H., Esq., M.D., Hardicot, Kingsdown, Dover. 

*Taylor, E. Reginald, Esq., Meadowsley, Sidcup. 

Taylor, Henry, Esq., Braeside, Rusthall, Tunbridge Wells. 

*Taylor, R. Wright, Esq., M.A., LL.B., F.S.A., 8 Stone Buildings, Lincoln';- 

Inn, w.c. 
Terson, T. A., Esq., Castle Street, Dover. 
Thomas, J. Lamlily, Esq., 75 West Park, Eltham. 



\\\ KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 

Thorn- Mr- . Byhorne House, Hollingbourne, Maidstone. 

i: . w c m l, Northbourne Rectory, Tieal. 
Tnomi son, C W., Esq , Waltham, London Road, Deal 

Esq., 24 Bride Lane, Reel Street, e.c. 
!I Esq., 1 Middle Row, Ashford. 
M i" |'- ' Poxbury, Chisleburet. 
B. Esq., Tii>- Priory, Eynesford. 
Tillanl R -l . The Glebe, Penshurst. 
i \\ .1 Esq . Castle Moat, Rochester. 

11 u Es , Union Club, Trafalgar Square, 8.W 
\ i. i - Pennllan House, Folkestone. 
Tolputl I B Esq., Folkestone. 

I 1. Esq., j.p., Angley Park, Cranbrook. 
M irtin .1- B . Esq., J.P., Court stairs. St. Lawrence, Ramsgate. 
Triimii. r Rei II 1' . ma. Holy Trinity Vicarage, Sittingbourne. 

t, John Yl ■ ■■■ . 8 Great St. Helens, B.C. 

Trulloi . W T . Esq., High Btreet, Tunbridge Wells. 
Tuffi] C -I Esq., Rochester. 
Turner, •! II , Esq . Kentish Hank. MaidBtone. 

Turner. W II.. Esq . Maidstone. 

■:. Amherst Daniel, Esq., 40 Chancery Lane, E.c. 



Underwood, Rev. T. 1". K . M L, Kilndown Vicarage, Goudhurst. 
i: . Archer, M.A., Stowting Rectory, Hythe, Kent. 



W. II. Aymer, Esq., f.s.a., Burlington Fine Arts Club, 17 Savile 
W. 
Varty, G P., Esq., Borough Place, Tenterden. 
M,- \1 issett* Scaynes Hill. Lindtield. 
at, N\' ii i Tin.-. Esq . L89 Burrage Road, Plumstead. 
Ilnr; George, Esq., Elmside, The Kims, Ramsgate. 
\ G. P., Esq Rydall House, Ramsgate. 



U i . ( lhatham. 

lore, Beauchamp, Esq . I Lyons Crescent, Tonbridge. 
• r, Henry, Esq., P.8.A., L3 Half Moon strict. Piccadilly, w. 
I 6 New < Oxford Street, w. 
i Essex < 'ourt, Temple, i c. 

B I. M D P.B.O.8., 19 Lissenden Mansions, Highgate Road, 

II w I x i i - Road, Tunbridge Wells. 

\ I l. tt.mBTj i 9 Victoria Street, Westminster, 8.w. 
l i . Berengrave, Rainham. 
I , The II' i outage, II \ the. 
ill . Th( Mill House, Parningham. 
H Bnowdei Esq., Golden Green, Hadlow, Tonbi 
Ifi B. Si len Golden Green, Hadlow, Tonbri 



LIST OF MEMBERS. XXXI 

Ward, W., Esq., East Sutton. 

*Warde, Miss A., Selwood House, Manor Road, Folkestone 

*Warde, Colonel C. M., Squerries Court. Wester ham. 

Waring, A. T., Esq., Farningham Hill, Dart lord 

Warne, Rev. F. J. Cleave, m.a , Stoke Vicarage, Rochester. 

♦Warner, Edmond, Esq., Southend House, Eltham. 

*Wastall, E. E., Esq., j. p., Queen Street. Ramsgatc. 

Watkin, Lady, Dunedin Lodge, Folkestone. 

Watts, Rev. j., ma., Court Lodge, Teston, Maidstone. 

♦Webb, Sydney, Esq., Waterloo Crescent, Dover. 

Welford, John, Esq., Lyleston, Eton Avenue, Hampstead, n.w. 

*Welldon, J. T., Esq., Ashford, Kent. 

•Wells, E. E.,Esq., 4 Mallinson Road, Wandsworth Common, s.w. 

Wheelwright, J., Esq., 7 Nevill Park, Tunbridge Wells. 

Wbeler, Lieut. George W. R., 21st Lancers (care of .Mrs. Wheler, Otterden 

Place, Faversham). 
*White, Mrs. J. B., Street End House, Canterbury. 
♦White, James G., Esq., M.A., St. Monica, Micheldever Road, Lee, s.E. 
White, Major-General, Restoration House, Rochester. 

* White, Mrs. Thomas, 59 Cadogan Square, s.w. 

* Whitehead, Charles, Esq., f.s.a., f.r.g.s., Banning House, Maidstone. 

* Whitehead, G. H., Esq., Wilmington Hall, near Hartford, Kent. 
Wickham, G., Esq., Stone Wall, Limpsfield, Surrey. 

Wickins, H. W, Esq., f.r.g.s., Brooktield, Wadhurst, Sussex. 

Wigan, Sir Frederick, Clare Lawn, East Sheen, s.w. 

Wigan, Mrs., Luddesdowne, Gravesend. 

•Wigan, Rev. P. F., m.a., Puckrup Hall, Tewkesbury. 

Wigan, Rev. S. R., m.a., Thornham Vicarage, Maidstone. 

Wightwick, F. P., Esq., m.d., 9a Upper Brook Street, Grosvenor Square, w. 

Wightwick, Mrs., Barton Fields, Canterbury. 

Wightwick, W., Esq., Hilden, Folkestone. 

Wildish, William Thomas, Esq., Watts' Avenue, Rochester. 

Wilkie, Rev. Christopher Hales, m.a., Little Chart, Ashford. 

Wilks, R., Jun., Esq., 3 Wellington Place, Deal. 

♦Williams, Lieut. -Colonel C. Stanley, Ivy House, Edenbridge. 

Williamson, A. T., Esq., New Romnev. 

Williamson, J. J., Esq., 2 Queen Street, Deal. 

Williamson, Rev. Joseph, m.a., Farningham Vicarage, Dartford. 

Wills. Sir W. H., East Court, Ramsgate. 

♦Wilmott, Rev. Edward W., m.a., All Saints' Vicarage, Witham, Essex. 

Wilson, Archibald, Esq., Pencester Road, Dover. 

* Wilson, Cornelius Lea, Esq., The Cedars, Beckenham. 
Wilson, H., Esq., Farnborough Lodge, Farnborough. 
Wilson, Lt.-Col. H. C, Morden House, Littlestone-ou-Sea. 
Wilson, Thomas, Esq., Rivers Lodge, Harpenden, St. Albans. 
Winch, George, Esq., Holcombe, Chatham. 

Wingate, R., Esq., Hildenborough, Tonbridge. 

Wingent, H., Esq., Castle Moat, Rochester. 

Winham, Mrs., Western House, Brighton. 

Winton, Edwin W., Esq., Etherton Hill, Speldhurst, Tunbridge Wells. 

Wolley, Rev. H. F., m.a., Shortlands Vicarage, Bromley, Kent. 

Wood, Jas., Esq., Boughton Monchelsea, Maidstone. 

•Woodhouse, Rev. R. J., m.a., Merstham Rectory, Surrey. 

"Woodruff, Mrs. Cumberland H., St. David's, Shorncliffe Road, Folkestone. 

♦Woodruff, Rev. C. E., m.a., Honorary Editor, Otterden Rectory, Faversham. 

Woolf, M. Yeatman, Esq., 46 St. John's Wood Park, N.w. 

Woollett, Major W. C, 13 Lansdowne Road, Aldershot. 

♦Woolley, Charles Boyle, Esq., Selwood, Beckenham. 

Worger, Miss Louisa, North Street, Ashford. 

Worsfold, E. M., Esq., Dover. 



XXX11 KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 



ht, C. 13., Esq.. Hookstead, High Halden, Tenterden. 
•Wright, Itcv. Charles K. L., m.a.. Heatlnvood Lodge, Bexley, Kent. 

Fork Re\ B., m a.. Borden Vicarage, Sittingbourne. 
Y..11, - I « Esq., 17 Tower Road, Dartford. 



%* Should any errors, omissions of honorary distinctions, etc., be found 
in tlii- List, it is requested thai notice thereof may be given to the Hon. Sec, 
8 Bvu»B, Esq., Abbot's Barton, Canterbury. 



BALANCE SHEETS 

From 1st January 1903 to 31st December 1904. 



VOL. XXVII. 



KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL 

Account of Receipts and Payments, 



RECEIPTS. 

£ I. d. £ 8. d. 

Balances at Banks 1st January 1903 : — 

■!>h Bank, Maidstone 121 5 5 

fcerbnry Bank 65 6 



186 5 11 

st on Deposits with Bankers 9 

dividends on Consols 81 16 4 

Honorary Local Secretaries and Bankers : — 

Animal Subscriptions 313 10 6 

Life Compositions 69 10 

Illustration Fund 1 10 

of Publications 10 10 6 

395 1 



£622 3 3 



Dl". Account of Subscriptions and Entrance Fees 

£ s. d. 
To Amount as per List sent with Accountants' Report of 13th June 
t. being due from Members whose names appeared in 
Vol. XXVI. of ArchtBologia Cantiana 448 

Amount due from Members whose names did not appear in 

Vol. XXVI 55 10 

.. Amounts due at 31st December 1903. not included in List 

.. paid before date of Report 11 o o 

bar Amounts discovered by Hon. Secretary in the course 
ol fith Members 8 10 



£523 



W. J, KIN ON, 

ountantt, 
Bahs Chambers, Chatham. 
./ ..... 1904, 



SOCIETY. 

1st January to 31*/ December 1908. 1£\, 



PAYMENTS. 



£ 8. d. 



£ 


S. 


d. 


20 








4 


10 





37 


10 





C 


12 






Rent of Rooms, Maidstone Museum 

Fire Insurance of Library and Collections (two years 
to Christmas 1004) 

Curator's Grant (to Michaelmas) 

Porter's Wages 

Printing, Stationery, etc.: — 

Production of Volumes of Transactions, etc 171 15 3 

General Printing 1 , etc 16 7 9 

188 3 

Grant towards Excavations. St. Austin's Priory 25 

Petty Cash 5 

Balances at Banks 31st December 1903 : — 

Kentish Bank, Maidstone 52 12 3 

Canterbury Bank 282 1G 



335 8 3 



£622 3 3 



271 arrear at 31st December 1903. (&Y. 

£ s. d. £ s. d. 

By Cash Received 179 10 

,. Amount estimated irrecoverable, Members having 

died, resigned, gone away, etc., etc 254 10 

„ Amount remaining outstanding, but possibly 

recoverable 14 

448 

,, Cash Received 1 10 

,. Amount irrecoverable, Members having died, re- 
signed, etc 54 

55 10 

,, Cash Received 11 

., Cash Received 8 10 

£523 

Examined, compared with the Vouchers, and found to be correct, 

H. HORDE RN, | TT . .„ 

' - lion. Auditor*. 

CHAS. F. HOOPER. I 
30th June 1904. 



KENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL 

,}3r t Balance Sheet at 



LIABILITIES. 
I l ditors:— '-' *• ' ; - * •"'• < J - 

.c. H.Wilkie n St. Laurence Parish Registers, 

cheque unpresented 1 ' 6 

Outstanding Accountefor Printing. Stationery, etc. 4 I 
Ditto for Hon. Loral Secretaries' 

Disbursements 1 1- 1" 

6 14 8 

Subscriptions Eor L906 paid in advance 1 10 

Entrance Fee, ditto 10 

2 

irch Fund, created Htb. June 1904 100 

towards Excavations at St Augustine's 

Priory B0 

70 

t Income over Expenditure during the year 

1904 241 16 10 

General Accumulated Fund 2793 10 

£3113 12 4 



-Dv. Total Cash received during 1904 

£ *. d, 

To late Hon. Secretary 89 1 7 

.. lion. Secretary. Hon. Local Secretaries, and Bankers 136 11 6 



£225 13 1 



13 X. Accou n t of Su bscriptions 

& s. d. 

To 007 Ordinary Membere at 10«. each 303 10 

Ifembei ten (Entrance Fees) 30 o 

9 Sternberg for Life Compositions at £6 each 54 



£387 10 



W. .1. KINi JON, 

u red Accountant*, 

QBAVl DTD \ -I' I II ATM A.M. 

I t March 1905. 



SOCIETY. 

BUt December, 1904. <£r. 



ASSETS. 

£ a. d. 

Petty Cash in hand 5 16 10 

Cash in hands of Hon. Secretary (since paid to Bank) 17 11 (5 



53 7 1 



Cash at Canterbury Bank on Current Account 314 2 4 

Ditto Maidstone ditto ditto 15fi 1 7 



500 3 11 

Cash on Deposit at Maidstone Bank 200 

Investment in 1\ per Cent. Consols, £1509 13*. V. 

Stock at 90 1358 14 1 

Library and Collection at Maidstone Museum 1000 

Consols Dividend, due 5th October 17 



£3113 12 4 



in respect of Arrears of all hinds. (JTt\ 

£ *. d. 

By Subscriptions 180 19 6 

„ Illustration Fund 17 6 

„ Sale of Publications 27 13 

„ Subscriptions overpaid 6 

,, Petty Cash, Old Balance 12 2 7 

,, Entrance Fees 4 

£225 13 1 



for 1904. err. 



£ s. d. £ s. d. 

By Cash— 508 Members at lO.s- 254 

„ Balance due— 99 Members at UK-. 49 10 

303 10 

„ Cash— 47 Members at 10.? 23 10 

.. Balance due — 13 Members at lO.s (5 10 

30 

,. Cash 54 



£387 10 



Examined, compared with the Vouchers, and found to be correct, 

H. HORDERN, \ H on. AUUorz. 

CHAS. F. HOOPER, I 

30th June 1905. 



KENT ARCHiEOLOGICAL 

■Dl'. Income and Expenditure Account 



To Salary of Curator :— £ *. d. & s. d. 

Mr. Payne 25 

Mr. Blgaz 2d 6 5 

45 5 6 

.. Wages of Porter 6 12 

1 \; ensee of Annual Meetings, etc. : — 

argesi d Railway Tickets re Rochester 

Meeting 3 2 

Mr. Finn's Disbursements re Romney Meeting 4 7 9 

Rev. G. M. Livett, paid for Lantern Slides re 
Romney Meeting 3 8 



10 17 9 



Printing, Stationery, etc. : — 

Expenses of Printing, Plans. Bookbinding, etc., 

relating: to the Society's Publications 221 7 10 

Sundries, including General Printing and Hon. 
Secretary's Postages and Stationery 25 12 



249 19 10 



.. Accountancy : — 

W. J. King and Son. Chartered Accountants. 

Fee and Expenses for Investigation 1898—1903 27 12 II 

.. Miscellaneous Expenses:— 

Grant towards Repair of Weldon Tomb 6 

Damage to Wall at Bilsington during Visit of 
[nspection 1 o io 

scription to Pipe Roll Society 1 1 o 

Editor's Expenses, Rev. C. I'.. Woodruff 2 2 

Cleaning, etc, at MaidBtone 1 6 7 

Sundries, per Hon. Secretary's Petty Cash 19 8 

n k; l 

. Eon Local Secretaries' Disbursements :; 1:1 5 

■ 'n. in in Consols in respect of Life 

Compositions — £227 9*. 8d. Stook at 90*$ 205 10 

.--11I" Income over Expenditure 
during the year L >n i<; ]o 



esn:{ id •{ 



w. J. KING BON, 

it' n 1/ . I ccountants, 

OUTOWD LHD « MATH A.M. 

H :,-,■>, [906. 



SOCIETY. 

for Year ended SYst December 1904. 



err. 



& s. d. 
By Subscriptions (Arrears to 1903) 180 19 <> 

„ Ditto 508 Members at 10*. (1901) 254 

,, Entrance Fees (Arrears to 1903) 4 

„ Ditto 47 Members at 10.*. (1904) 23 10 

„ Illustration Fund, Subscriptions (Arrears to 1903) 17 6 
Ditto ditto (Arrears to 1904) 110 

„ Sale of Publications (Arrears to 1903) 27 13 

Ditto (Arrears to 1904) 1 15 6 

„ Interest on Bank Deposits 

,, Dividends on Consols 

„ Life Compositions (1904) 

„ Petty Cash, Balance of old Account 

„ Miscellaneous Receipts 

,, Deposit Account (Canterbury Bank) : — 

Amount withdrawn 



& s. d. 



434 19 6 



27 10 



2 7 6 



29 


8 


6 


11 


1 


10 


31 


17 


4 


54 








12 


2 


7 





3 





iOO 









£803 10 3 



Examined, compared with the Vouchers, and found to be correct 

H. HORDERN, 
OHAS. F. HOOPER 
dOth June 1905. 



H. HORDERN, I //( „, Al/di(o ^ 

BR. ) 



K\n\t Qnhmlmml Jlarictjj. 



<*i(Z 



ABSTRACT OF PROCEEDINGS, 1903—1905. 

August 10th, 1903. — The postponed Council Meeting of July 27th 
took place this day at 20 Grosvenor Place, Earl Stanhope in the 
Chair. Eleven members were present. 

After some discussion it was arranged that the Accounts of the 
Society, duly audited by Messrs. King the Accountants, be pre- 
sented to the Finance Committee fourteen days before the December 
Council Meeting fixed for the 10th of that month. 

It was unanimously agreed that T. C. Colyer-Eergusson, Esq., of 
"Wombwell Hall, Gravesend, be asked to act as Honorary Treasurer 
to the Society. 

September 24th, 1903. — The Council met this day at the 
Bridge Chamber at Rochester. Seven members were present, 
presided over by the Rev. A. J. Pear m an, M.A. 

After discussion it was decided that the next Annual Meeting 
should be held at Romney. 

It was resolved that in future that not less than seven days' 
clear notice be given of the Council Meetings. 

It was resolved that no alteration of the date of the Quarterly 
Meetings be made without the consent of the President. 

It was proposed to invite the Rev. Dr. Tancock to become 
a Member of the Council. 

It was resolved that a report be made to the Council at each 
Quarterly Meeting, stating the amount of Life Compositions 
received during the last Quarter. 

Mr. W. Braxton Sinclair, of Lynton, Parkhurst Road,Bexley, was 
elected a member. 

December 10th, 1903. — The Council met this day, by kind 
permission of the Dean and Chapter, in the Treasury, Canterbury 
VOL. XXVII. d 



N lii PROCEEDINGS, L904. 

Cathedral There were ten members present, Canon Routledge 

in the < 'hair. 

The Bei Efi. Woodruff reported thai Mr. George Paynewas 
unable to be present, and thai Mr. Payne had asked him to act as 
I during the Meetin 

The R I E Woodruff then read tli<> Minutes, which were 
approved, together with the Report of the Finance Committee. 

Pormi sion wa given to the Rei Dr. Magrath, Provosl of 
Queen's College, Oxford, to reprinl from drchaologia Cantiana, 
Vol SI., etc., some extracts From the " Expense Book " of James 
M lor. 

The following persons were elected Ordinary Members of tlie 
m Day and the Rev. Canon W. W. Capes. 

January L8th, L904. -\ Special Meeting of the Council, called 
li\ the Noble President, was held this daj at 20 Grosvenor Place. 
There were nine members present, presided over 1>\ Lord Stanhope. 

The Minutes of the las! Council Meeting were read and 
approved. 

Ii was unanimously resolved thai the following resolution be 
Mr G. Payne by the President: "That, as there lias not 
been any proper Balance sheet of the Accounts audited by 
Mr King (the Chartered ^.ccountanl appointed by the Council), 
mid a-* the Business of the Society has fallen into arrear through 
Mr Payne's illness and pressure of other work, this Council now 
unite- Mr. George Payne to resign his office as Secretary and 
Curator to the Society by the 1st March next." 

March L lth, 1904. The Council met this day at Lord Stanhope's 
house, 20 Grosvenor Place, There were twelve members present, 
Lord Stanhope in the Chair 

The Minutes <*\' the la^i Meeting were read and approved, 

i Stanhope reported thai he had received a letter Prom 
Mi Q Payne, in whioh he signified his willingness to resign his 
tarj and ( lurator to the Sociel \ . 

rtcil unanimously resolved to aeeept Mr. I\i\ lie's resi^na- 

h u.i> resolved thai the Presidenl be asked to write to 
Mi upon him to forward to 20 Grosvenor Place books, 

papers, and all other property ><\' the Society before the 25th day 

nr\l fo 

i I E Woodruff was appointed Acting Secretary pro 
■'■' authority I cheques, Mr. Woodruff was 



PROCEEDINGS, 1904. xliii 

directed to communicate with the lineal Secretaries with a view to 
receiving recommendntiona in connection with the appointmenl of 
an 1 1 (hioi-m r\ Secretary. Mr. Woodruff was also requested to make 
enquiries with the objecl of finding a gentleman capable of acting 
as Curator of the Society's collections at Maidstone. 

Mr. C. W. Powell of Speldhurst was appointed Eon. Treasurer 
in i lie place of Mr. T. Colyer-Fergusson, resigned. 

The programme of the Romney Meeting was submitted ami, 
alter some discussion, was approved by the Council. 

The Following persons were elected Ordinary Members of the 
Society: Mr. 11. K. Boxley, Mr. Mortimer de Brent, Mr. A. 1). 
Cheney, Mr. C. Fletcher, Mr. B. Q-oodwin, Mr. Walter Cozens, 
Rev. W. Arnold Carr, Rev. T. M. Pearman. 

June 1 llli, 1904. — The Council mei this day at Lord Stanhope's 
house, HO Grosvenor Place. There were seventeen members present, 

Lord Stanhope in t he Chair. 

The Minutes of last Meeting were read and confirmed, and 
the Minutes of the two previous Meetings were approved and 
signed. 

The Report of Messrs. Kin-,' and Son, the Auditors, was read 
by the Rev. C. E. Woodruff and considered. 

It was proposed hy Mr. A. A. Arnold, seconded by Canon Rout- 
ledge, "That Messrs. King's further Report and all Accounts 
l>e referred to the Finance Committee, to report, to the Council 
before July 2Gth." Carried. 

It was proposed by Canon Routledge and seconded by the 
Rev. C. E. Woodruff, "That Mr. Sebastian Evans, .Inn., be recom- 
mended as Honorary Secretary." This was agreed to unanimously. 

A vote of thanks to the Rev. C. E. Woodruff for his services as 
Acting Honorary Secretary was proposed by Mr. Burch Rosher 
and carried unanimously. 

A letter from Mi-. King, the Auditor, was read, and it, was 
agreed that his fee he approved after examination of his further 
Report by the Finance Committee. 

A letter from Lord Amherst, was read, and his proposal that 
a separate volume be published for Church Plate in Kent was 
discussed, but no resolution passed. 

It was resolved that Messrs, Mitchell Hughes and Clarke be 
requested to send out the volume of Archccoloc/ia Can liana to the 
members direct instead of through tho Local Secretaries. 

d 2 



Xliv PROCEEDINGS, 1904. 

A letter was read from Dr. Cotton, and it was resolved that the 
subscription to the Index of Archaeological Papers be continued 
and paid for at the rate of £5 per annum. 

It was proposed bj Mr. Cumberland Woodruff and seconded by 
1 td Northbourne, " Thai the sum of £100 be withdrawn from tlie 
Deposit Account and placed to a separate account for the purpose 
of forming a Research Fund." Carried. 

\ grant of £30 out of the Research Fund was made towards 

Excavations of St. Augustine's Abbey. 

.Mr. II. Elgar was appointed Clerk to the Society and Curator 
be Society's collection at Maidstone at a salary of £40 per 
annum payable quarterly, and that his full duties be formulated by 
the Rev. C. E. Woodruff and recorded in the Minutes. 

The following persons were elected Ordinary Members of the 
yv : Mr. P. W. Franks. Mr. Walter Prentis, Air. H. E. Gregory, 
Mr. W. Leach Lewis. .I.l\. Rev. A. A. Carre, Rev. J. A. Miller, 
Mr. Humphrey Golding, Miss APGill, Mr. Eric A. Goddard Jones, 
Mr. .1. ('. Anderson, Air. Robert AI. Sebag Montefiore, Air. Roger 
Abbol Raven, B.A., Mrs. Samuel Hill, Air. E. C. Swindells, 
Mr. R. S. , M.A., Mr. H. W. Stringer, B.A, Air. A. T. Wil- 

liamson, Rev. Seymour Henry Rendall, M.A. 

July 26th, 1 OOF— The Council met this day at the Town Hall, 
v fcto aey. There were thirteen members present. Lord 
Stanhope in the Chair. 

The Minutes of the last Meeting were read and confirmed. 

I ■ Acting Honorary Secretary then read the Report of the 
Finance Committee with regard to Arrears of Subscriptions, 
Investments of Fife Compositions, etc., which was adopted. 

\ "• - - e discussion on a motion by Mr. Cooke, that the Annual 
M< eting should extend over three -lays, the Council adjourned. 



The Annual Meeting commenced at the ancient Cinque Port 

town of New Koinncy on Tuesday, July 26th, 1904. The President, 

hope, was. with the members of the Society, welcomed in 

Town Hall by the Mayor of New Romney," Colonel II. C. 

Iftera few words From his Worship wishing success to 

to which Ford Stanhope replied, the usual business was 

with. 



PROCEEDINGS, 1904. xlv 

The Rev. C. E. "Woodruff read the following Report : — 

REPORT, 1904. 

Four Council have much pleasure in presenting their Forty-Seventh Annual 
Report iii the ancient Cinque Porl town of Itomney after an interval of twenty- 
five years. It is hardly to be expected that much fresh material can be -added 
to that which was so exhaustively illustrated by the late Canon Scott Robertson 
and others in 1879; but a new generation has arisen to which Roinney Marsh is 
untrodden ground, and the kindly interest and co-operation shewn by some of 
the leading residents and authorities in our Proceedings encourage the hope 
that the Meeting will prove both attractive and useful. 

The Council regret the loss of several of our members, whose services to 
County Archaeology have been eminent in past years. Among these Mr. Matthew 
Bell, who died on the 24th of December 1903, was an original member, and for 
forty years one of the Society's trustees ; Mr. John Dobree Norwood, who died 
four days later, had in past years rendered valuable service; and Mr. J. Hum- 
phrey, who passed away little more than a month ago, for many years ably 
represented the Society in Roinney Marsh; whilst among members of wider 
celebrity the loss of Mr. Wilfred Joseph Cripps, the great authority on old 
English Plate, will be generally felt. 

To the regret of the Council Mr. George Payne, E.S.A., Honorary Secretary 
and Curator of the Societ3''s collections at Maidstone, has resigned his offices. 
Mr. Payne's services as Curator and afterwards as Secretary extended over 
a period of fifieeu years, and for a much longer time he had been widely known 
throughout the county as an energetic explorer and exponent of its primaeval 
and Romano-British antiquities, and especially of the archaeology of the Sitting- 
bourne district. 

The question of recommending to the Society a capable successor is one that 
has caused the Council considerable anxiety. After mature deliberation they 
have been fortunate in meeting with a gentleman whom the} r believe well 
qualified to undertake the duties. Mr. Sebastian Evans of Canterbury, 
a nephew of the eminent archaeologist Sir John Evans, has kindly consented to 
allow himself to be nominated. To the office of Clerk and Curator of the 
Society's collections at Maidstone the Couucil have appointed Mr. Herbert Elgar 
Assistant Curator of the Maidstone Museum at a salary of £40 a year. The 
Council hope that by Mr. Elgar's constant attendance at the Museum the 
Society's collections will be rendered more accessible in the future than in past 
years. 

Volume XXVI. of Archmologia Cantiana was issued in April. The Council 
trust that the standard of former volumes has been maintained, and they feel 
that any success in this respect is in a large measure due to the able architectural 
papers of the Rev. G. M. Livett, F.S.A. 

Under the auspices of the South Eastern Scientific Societies, the Annual 
Congress of which was held at Maidstone in June last, a Photographic Survey, 
including both Archaeology and Natural Science, was inaugurated. At the 
Preliminary Meeting the Council were represented by the Rev. \V. Gardner- 
Waterman and the Rev. C. E. Woodruff, who expressed the hope that our 



Xlvi PROCEEDINGS, 1904. 

Society would warmly co-operate in so desirable an undertaking. Information 
cting the proposed Survey may be obtained from Mr. H. F. Wingent of 
ster, the Honorary Secretary. 

The past year has produced no striking archaeological discoveries within the 
county. Progress, however, has been made with the excavations at St. Augustine's 
. Canterbury, which are gradually elucidating the ground plan of this 
ancient Benedictine house. The Society has made a further grant of £30 towards 
the work, but a much larger sum than we are in a position to coutrihute is 
urgently needed, and Canon Routledge will be glad to receive subscriptions or 
donations. 

Balance Sheets shewing the financial position of the Society have been 
prepared by Messrs. King, Accountants, of Gravesend. 

Por -nine time pasl a sum of £100, representing the accumulations of many 
past years, has been standing on deposit at the Society's Bankers. The Council 
I I thai 6100, part thereof, be set apart as a Research Fund, out of 
which grants for excavations and other special objects may be made from time 
to time. The Income of the Society is so little in excess of its Ordinary 
aditure that it is impossible to provide adecpiate assistance to research out 
of this source without interfering with the regular issue of Archceologia 
Cantiana. 

AH hough the roll of our members is still a long one compared with similar 
bodies, the Council feel that in these days of increasing intelligent interest in 
the -tu iv oi the past it might be largely extended, and they trust that during 
the coming year a considerable accession of recruits to its ranks will aid in 
stimulating the activity and augmenting the usefulness of our Society. 



The Report was unanimously adopted. 

The Rev. C. E. Woodruff proposed, and the Rev. G-. M. Livett 

mded, and it was carried unanimously: "That Mr. Sebastian 
Evans 1"- elected Honorary Secretary in place of Mr. George Payne, 
F.S.A., resigned." .Mr. Evans having thanked the members for the 
honour conferred on him, the retiring Members of the Council, the 
Rev. .1. A. Boodle, Colonel Copeland, Mr. F. R Griraud, the Rev. 
\ .1 . Pear man, Mr. W. H. Burch Rosher, and the Rev. Canon 
Routledge, were re-elected. 

The Rev. C. If. Wilkie, Vicar of Kingston. Mr. Gt. E. Cockayne 
of the Heralds' College, and Mr. Hubert Bensted of Bearsted were 
A ■ tubers of Council. 

retiring Eonorary Auditors, Captain Hooper and Mr. II. 
I [order o, were re-elected. 

The following persons were then elected Ordinary Members of 

the v R. II. Premlin, Esq., Harry Leney, Esq., the Rev. Julian 

• l.\. Hugh Leney, Esq., the Rev. Herbert Smith, M. A., 

the Hon. 11. Hannen, Captain Read, Thomas Pledge, Esq., Walter 



PROCEEDINGS, 1904. xlvii 

Pay. Esq.. the Rev. Gh 0. Hardy. M.A.. the Rev. Hugh South. B.A., 
the Eev. J.Miller, B.D.,Lieut.-Colonel A. Pennefather, B. Finn. Esq., 

Lieut. -Colonel H. C.Wilson, W.F.GLNicholls, Esq., Dr. Herberl 11. 
Oliver, the Rev. Hankiu Martin. Miss Anna Hussy, Miss MacKay, 
Miss Alston. 

The members then inspected the interesting collection of 
antiquities displayed in the temporary museum arranged in the 
Town Hall. These included the Corporation maces and insignia, 
and several of the earliest Charters of the Ton. An interesting 
series of maps of the Marsh ami its coasl from L588 to I7i>!h and 
other documents relating to the history of the district, were lent b\ 
Dr. Cook, who had very kindly forwarded for distribution a number 
of facsimiles of "The Carde ot the Beacons in Kent." from 
W. Lambarde's second edition o\' his " Perambulation of the 
County," and a portrait o( William Harvey. Other objects oi 
interest were lent by the Rev. R. M. South. Messrs. Arthur Finn. 
H. W.St ringer. W. Whitehead, 1'. Brand, Gh B, Anderson. A. Mase_\. 
A. Barnes, and Miss Buss. 

At tor Luncheon the members proceeded to the Church oi 
St. Nicholas, where they were welcomed by the Rev. Hugh South, 
ami the various points of architectural interest were pointed out by 
the Rev. Gh M. Livett. The original Church, Mr. Liven thought. 
had a nave of the bays, with a fairly long square-ended chancel 
without chapels. The present tine tower was probably built some- 
what later even in its lower portions. There had been some 
alteration of the Church in the thirteenth century, but its extent 
could not be accurately traced. In the fourteenth century, however, 
considerable enlargements had boon made, the new portion being 
built round the old Church, w hich was disturbed as little as possible. 

Hie party then drove to the Church o( All Saints. Lydd, where 
the members were received by the Rev. Gh 0. Hardy, the Rector. 
Here also Mr. Livett acted as guide. Especial attention was called 
to the remains o( the eighth-century Saxon Church, which now 
forms the western corner o( the north aisle, and the gradual grow th 
oi the main portion of the Church was explained in detail. Wo 
hope to print Mr. Livett's paper on this line Church in a subsequent 
volume. Mr. Arthur Linn then briefly described the monuments 
and brasses. 

From Lydd progress was made to the Church o\' Si. Augustine, 
Brookland, where the Vicar, the Rev. V. L. Batson, welcomed the 
party and displayed for their inspection the early Register Hooks. 



Xlviii PROCEEDINGS, 1901. 

Air. .1. Oldrid Scott, F.S.A., described the Church, its interesting 
detached campanile of timber-work, and fine late-Normanfontof lead. 

On the return journey to Eomney a halt was made at the 
Church of St. Clement. Old Bomney, which was briefly described 
by the Rev. G. M. Livett and the Bev. J. Wilkinson, the Eector. 

CTpon the return of the members to New Eomney the Annual 
Dinner was held in the Assembly Eooms. Lord Stanhope presided, 
supported by the Mayor, Alderman Edwin Finn, Lieut. -Colonel 
Pennefather, Mr. Arthur Finn, the Eev. Gr. M. and Mrs. Livett, 
Mr. and Mrs. Cumberland Woodruff, the Eev. C. E. Woodruff, and 
about sixty others. 

The Evening Meeting was held at the National School Eoom, 
under the Presidency of Lieut.-Colonel N. Pennefather. 

Mr. Arthur Finn, the Local Secretary for New Komney, read 
an interesting paper, " Notes and Extracts from Lydd Kecords," 
which was much appreciated by all present, and a hearty vote of 
thanks was accorded to him at the close. 

A paper was also read by the Eev. G. M. Livett on " Leaden 
Fonts," w bich was well illustrated by lantern slides, and a hearty vote 
of thanks to this gentleman brought the proceedings to a conclusion. 

On Wednesday the 27th the company partook of luncheon and 
proceeded in carriages to St. Mary's in the Marsh, where some 
delay was caused by a heavy thunderstorm. The members were 
received by the Eector, the Eev. E. W. Woolatt, and the Church was 
described by the Eev. C. E. Woodruff. Ivychurch was next visited, 
where the Rector, the Eev. J. A. Miller, described the fine Church, 
to tin fabric of which some extensive and much needed repairs are 
in course of execution. 

At ELuckinge, which was also visited, the members were welcomed 
by the Rev. B Earner, and the Church of St. Mary Magdalene was 

cribed by Mr. .1. Oldrid Scott. 

Owing 1" delays caused by the wet weather it was decided to 
i.niit the visit to Bilsington Church and to proceed at once to the 
Priory, where, after tea, kindly provided for the members of the 

■; . Mr. and Mrs. W. Stonebridge, Mr. Cumberland Woodruff 
i the following paper on t he remains id' the Augustinian Priory : — 

BILSINGTON PEIORY. 
The Priory of Bilsington was founded in L253byJohn Mansell, 
Pr ey, and dedicated in honour of the Blessed Virgin 

Mar\ for Can 1; ;ular of the Order of St. Augustine. 



PROCEEDINGS, 1904. xlix 

The founder, a man of note in Henry the Third's reign, and 
described by Matthew Paris as " prudent, circumspect, and rich," 
stood high in the King's favour, and received so many preferments 
at his hands that he is generally spoken of as " the great pluralist." 
Ecclesiastic, lawyer, soldier, diplomatist — John Mansell may indeed 
be described as a man who in his time played many parts. 

Bilsington is mentioned in Domesday as held by Odo, Bishop 
of Bayeux, and on his forfeiture came into the hands of the Earls 
of Arundel, being held in grand serjeanty by the service of present- 
ing the King's Cup on his coronation. On the death of Hugh, 
Earl of Arundel, in 1243, the manor was divided amongst bis four 
sisters as coheiresses, and Upper Bilsington, or Bilsington Priory 
as it was afterwards called, became a distinct manor from Lower 
Bilsington, which included the Church and Court Lodge. A vestige 
of the original tenure remained. In the third year of Edward I. 
the Prior of Bilsington is described as having part of a serjeanty, 
holding this portion of the manor by serving the King with his cup 
on Whit Sunday. 

Upon a commanding eminence of the clay hills, surrounded by 
woodland, much of which remains to this day, and overlooking 
Roinney Marsh, the Priory, thus founded and endowed with the 
manor which afterwards bore its name, together with other lands, 
was built during the years succeeding the date of the foundation 
charter ; the existing remains indicate about the third quarter of 
the thirteenth century. 

The common seal of the Priory is affixed to the acknowledgment 
of supremacy amongst the Augmentation Office documents in the 
Public Record Office. It represents a king and queen seated under 
a rich Crothic canopy, and beneath them is a congregation in prayer. 
The legend is : sigillv[m] comvne . ecclie . be . marie . de bil- 

SINGTONE. 

The Priory shared the suppression of the lesser religious houses 
in 1535, the Prior and Convent signing their resignation on 
February 28th in that year, with those of Langdou, Folkestone, 
and Dover. Its possessions were then valued at £69 8s. clear 
annual revenue. The last Prior, John Moyse alias Tenterden, 
received a pension of £10 a year. The number of Canons at this 
time does not appear to have exceeded five or six. Two years after 
the surrender the site of the Priory was leased to Anthony 
St. Leger, Esq., of Ulcombe, and afterwards, in the twenty-ninth 
year of Henry VIII., the freehold was granted in exchange for 



1 PROCEEDINGS, 1904. 

other lands to Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury. The 
deed of exchange is amongst the Augmentation Office documents. 
The existing remains of Bilsington Priory, although not exten- 
are, I think, specially interesting as examples of the domestic 
architecture of the hitter half of the thirteenth century, remains of 
which arc very rare in our county. The buildings consist of a 
large hall 51 feet in length by 27 feet wide, forming the present 
farmhouse. At the south-east corner of this, and projecting about 
19 feel eastward, is a rectangular building, originally of three 
stories, and communicating with the large hall by a spiral stone 
staircase in the angle. Southward of this tower-like structure, and 
carried on in a line with its eastern face, is a lower narrower build- 
ing of two stories, measuring 22 feet by 17 feet 6 inches. 

1 should not like to speak with confidence; until excavations 
can be undertaken we cannot restore the ground plan of the Priory, 
but I think it is very possible that these are the infirmary hall and 
buildings. The plan bears a considerable general resemblance to 
that of the infirmary buildings at West Langdon, excavated by 
Mr. St. John Hope. On the other hand, if the traces of foundations 
.-hewn on the north side of the large building be those of cloisters, 
this hall may be the frater or refectory. 

I tear our time will not permit of more than a cursory descrip- 
tion of the remains. The walls are of rubble, 3 feet in thickness, 
and plastered. The coins and windows are of finely-jointed ashlar 
of admirable workmanship. The treacherous nature of the clay 
soil is recognized by the number of buttresses, and the danger of 
externa] enemies, owing to the nearness of the coast, by the small 
and height from the ground of the windows. 

The Large hall building is divided into two stories by massive 
transverse beams, measuring 15.1 inches by 13 inches, the lower 
portion of the beams being 7 feet (i inches from the ground. The 
walls are Blightly recessed on the upper floor, a string-course 
running round just below the windows. These are of two lights, 
with quatrefoi] above, of uniform design, the east and west windows 
with three on the south Bide remaining. There is a seat on one 

■ of the east window. In the east gable is a small Lancet 
window. Passing into the Large chamber to the south-east we 
find that the floor between the ground-level room and the one above 
ha- been destroyed. The first-floor room has a doorway at the east 
end lit' the south wall, windows on the north and east .sides, and in 
tin- south wall to the west of the doorway. At the north-west 



PROCEEDINGS, 1904. ll 

corner flic wall is cut away to give direct access to the hall. The 
ceiling is divided into four panels by cross beams finely moulded, 
resting on twelve stone corbels. Under the cornice runs a piaster 
frieze 8 inches deep, shewing roses and foliage well executed. 
Ascending the newel staircase we come upon a room of the same 
area above. There are windows on each side of this, two doors, 
and a fireplace on the south side, of which the chimney may be 
seen from the exterior corbelled out of the south wall. 

The fine moulding of the beams in this upper chamber should 
be noticed, due regard being had to the condition of the flooring, 
which appears to be barely self-supporting, and wholly unequal to 
sustain the additional weight of our Society. The upper room of 
the two-storied building to the south of the tower has two door- 
ways on its north side, and a window on the east. 

The north side of the hall shews the communications with other 
portions of the Priory. There is a blocked doorway in the west 
end of the wall on the ground floor, and another slightly to the east 
above. Four stone brackets remain, which may have supported a 
pentice. About one hundred yards north-west of the Priory are 
two large fishponds. There is also a pond close to the buildings 
on the south side. 

It is hoped that at some future time it may be possible to make 
excavations to determine the plan of the Priory. The Black 
Canons were not their own masons, and gi'eat variety of plan is 
seen in their house. I do not think plans have been recovered of 
any of the other houses of Austin Canons in Kent, viz., Leeds, 
Tunbridge, Cumbwell, and Westwood in Lesnes, and in some cases 
it would be impossible to do so now. Remains of the Church and 
other buildings probably exist in the broken ground to the north 
of the present house, and as the site is not, as in many other cases, 
covered with later buildings, a comparatively slight disturbance of 
the soil might lead to an interesting addition to our knowledge of 
a Kentish priory. 



After votes of thanks had been passed to all those who had 
contributed to the entertainment of the members, the party once 
more took carriages and drove to Ham Street Station, bringing to 
a conclusion a very successful Meeting, in spite of the inclement 
weather on the second day. 

Among those present during the two days (in addition to those 
mentioned above) were Mr. and Mrs. Burch Kosher, Mr. Mapleton 



Hi PROCEEDINGS, 1904. 

Chapman, Dr. Hick, Mr. E. H. Daglish, Mr. B. Bannon, Mr. B. 
I it, Mr. I. Fawell, Mr. R. Hinds, Mr. G. B. Anderson, Mr. Hills, 
Mr. Bssington Bughes, Mr. Gh Wickham, the Hon. Marsham 
Townshend, the Rev. A. J. Pearman, Major Aitkin Roberts, Mr. 
|; 8 Jones, Mr. B. Cooke, Mr J. Broad, Mr. E. J. Wells, the Bev. 
LA. Carre, Bev. D. Mackinnon, Mr. G. .Saunders, Mr. W. T. 
Vincent, Mr. W. F. NichollB, Colonel Cavanagh, Miss Hampden 
ffobart, Mr. \Y . .1. Mercer, Mr. .1. Stokes, Mr. E. C. Youens (Hon. 
Photographer), and many others. 

September 13th, 1904. — The Council met this day at the Bridge 
Chamber, Rochester. There were ten members present, Mr. F. E. 
Giraud in the Chair. 

The Minutes of the last Meeting of the Council were read and 
approved. 

The election of an Honorary Secretary for the Rochester and 
Bromley districts was post [toned till the Dee-ember Meeting. 

The Honorary Secretary was requested to write to Mr. B. 
Wadmore expressing the regret of the Council at his resignation of 
the Local Secretaryship for the Tonbridge district, and to write to 
Dr. Tancock, asking him to undertake the duties. 

The question of Local Secretary for Sandwich and Westerham 
was deferred. 

It was resolved to send a copy of Vol. XXVI. to Miss Bate- 
man of Cambridge, at the instance of the Historical Society of 
Berlin. 

It was resolved to continue the subscription to the Pipe Boll 
sty. 

It was resolved to defer exchanging publications with the 
Thoresby Societj for a year, and not to subscribe to the Official 
Year H« >• >U of Scientific Societies. 

A letter was read Erom Mi'. Chamberlain with regard to the 
• nation of tin- old Tilt Yard and Gateway at Elthain Palace, 
audit was resolved that the letter be sent to Lord Stanhope, who 
could probabl; his influence to bear <>n the subject. 

After some i 'i ii was resolved that the next Annual 

M( . liug l»e held at ( hravesend. 

The accounts of the New Bomney Meeting were passed. 
\ • : thanks were accorded to: The Local Committee at 
lupled with the name of Mr. Arthur Linn; the 
Mayor n I oration "I New Bomnej ; the Mayor and Cor- 



PROCEEDINGS, 1904. ]\n 

poration of Lydd ; tlie Clergy of the various Churches visited ; 
Mr. Gardner Waterman ; Dr. Cock. 

It was resolved that the Honorary Secretary should keep an 
account of his personal expenses. 

The Honorary Secretary was requested to give an order on 
the Hank for the Insurance Premiums on the Society's collect ions 
at Maidstone. 

The following were elected Ordinary Members of the Society : 
D. G. Carman, Esq., Rev. George Norwood, Sir George Donaldson, 
H. .1. Ward, Esq., Col. George Malcolm Eox, Mrs. Marian Jane 
Fox, Herbert Rowe Leatham. Esq., Mr. A. Crocker, Miss Isabella 
Margaret Fletcher, Lord Curzon of Kedleston. 

Mr. Burch Rosher agreed to write to Lord Curzon that, according 
to Rule 15, he had been placed on the list of Vice-Presidents. 

December 8th, 1904.— The Council met this day, by kind 
permission of the Dean and Chapter, in the Cathedral Treasury, 
Canterbury. There were eleven members present, Mr. G. M. 
Arnold in the Chair. 

Before the business of the Meeting commenced, the Chairman 
referred in feeling terms to the loss the Society has sustained by 
the death of the Rev. Canon C. F. Routledge and Mr. Cumberland 
Woodruff, and the Honorary Secretary was directed to write letters 
of condolence to Mrs. Routledge and Mrs. Woodruff. 

The Minutes of the last Meeting were read and approved. 

The Honorary Secretary then reported on the arrears question, 
and it was decided that the accounts should be submitted to 
Messrs. King and Son, the Auditors, and that they should be asked 
to finally report on them at the next Meeting of the Council. 

Mr. E. Farley Cobb was appointed Local Secretary for Rochester 
and Rochester district. The Honorary Secretary was directed to 
furnish Mr. Cobb with a list of Subscribers in his district. 

Mr. R. Wingate of Hildenborough and Mr. Alfred Henry 
Gardner of Folkestone were appointed Honorary Secretaries for 
Tonbridge and Folkestone districts respectively. 

The Honorary Local Secretaries for Westerham and Sandwich 
having resigned, the Honorary Secretary was asked to undertake 
those duties pro tern. 

It was resolved unanimously to cancel the appointment of 
Mr. Adam Walker as Honorary Local Secretary for the Bromlej 
district, under Rule IS. The question of a successor was deferred 



liv PROCEEDINGS, 1905. 

till the next Meeting. Gravesend was decided upon as the place 
for the next Annual Meeting. 

A Bmall Committee, consisting of Mr. G. M. Arnold, Mr. A. A. 
Arnold, and the Bonorary Secretary, was appointed to arrange the 
details of the Meeting. 

It was decided t<> exchange publications with the Thoresby 

•IV. 

A letter was read from Mr. John Stokes of Margate on the 
Bubject of holding Meetings in the winter, with the object of 
inducing people to become members of the Society; and the 
Honorary Secretary was directed to write, saying that the subject 
had already been before the Council, and that it was the intention 
of the Council to consider the matter. 

On a letter from the Kent Photographic Survey Society being 
read, the Honorary Secretary was directed to write to the Secretary 
offering some negatives in the possession of the Kent Archaeological 
ty, which it was thought would be of use. 

Mr. A. A. Arnold read a letter from Mr. Colyer-Fergusson with 
reference t<» the Weldon Tomb; it was unanimously resolved to 
£5 towards its restoration. 

A vote of thanks was passed to Mr. Mapleton Chapman for his 
gift to the 81 ciety of "The Cathedral Builders," and to Mr. E. C. 
Yoiiens for a collection of photographs illustrating the Meeting of 

Society al Rochester. 

The Honorary Secretary was also requested to write to 
\| re. Scotl Robertson, thanking her for her gifts. 

Ml Woodruff read a letter from Mr. K. II. E. Hill on the 

jeci of quarterly publications, but the Council decided not to 
take any action. 

The Honorary Secretary was requested to send out cards with 
the dates >'\' the Council Meetings for next year. 

I ■ following .\ere elected Ordinary Members of the Society : 
Mr, Routledge, Mr. David Davies, Mr. T. A. Hodges, Rev. H. E. T. 
M r. A rthur Barton. 

■h 9th, L905. — The Council met this day at the Society's 
B Sia [stone. Then- were eleven members present, the Rev. 

L J. Pearman in the Chair. The Minutes of the last Meeting 
! and approved. 

Lettei of thank.- were then read from Mrs. Eoutledge and 
Mi ill'. 



PROCEEDINGS, 1005. lv 

Letters from Lord Stanhope suggesting July 25lh and 26tb as 
dates for the Annual Meeting, and fixing Juno 7th for the next 
Council Meeting, were also read. 

The Eev. C. E. Woodruff read a letter from Mr. Ernes* Hill 

asking for the loan of the wood block of St. John's, Sutton at 
Hone, which was granted. 

The Auditor, Mr. King, was then called in and read his 
report on the arrears and accounts for 1904. The report was 
approved. 

It was resolved, "That these figures be put upon record and 
a full statement made in the next Volume by the Honorary Secretary 
with the assistance of Mr. Arnold and Mr. Woodruff." 

Mr. Burch Rosher proposed and Mr. Giraud seconded, "That 
all Subscriptions, Entrance Yee^, and Life Compositions received 
from time to time by any of the Honorary Local Secretaries shall 
be paid by them to one of the Society's Bankers on or before the 
first days of June and November iu each year, to enable the Pass 
Books to be made up ready for presentation at the next Quarterly 
Meeting of the Council by the Honorary Treasurers or Honorary 
Secretary ; and at the same time the Honorary Local Secretaries 
shall forward the corresponding Publishers' delivery orders for 
Volumes to the Honoraiy' Secretary of the Society." After some 
discussion this was carried. 

It was resolved that Mr. L. M. Biden be asked to carry out the 
duties of Honorary Local Secretary for the Bromley district. 

The dates of the Annual Meeting at G-ravesend were fixed for 
July 25th and 26th. 

Mr. Colyer-Eergusson's name was added to the small Committee 
appointed to arrange the details of the Annual Meeting. 

A vote of thanks was accorded to the Bev. Benjamin Austen of 
W aimer for his gift to the Society of his privately printed works: 
The Vanished Gates of the City of Canterbury and The Gates of the 
Cinque Port and Borough of Sandwich. It was also decided that 
Mr. Austen be granted the privilege of using the Society's library 
for the purpose of investigation and research. 

It was agreed to subscribe £10 towards repairing and binding 
the Bishops' Registers, Act Books, etc., in the Diocesan Registry 
at Rochester. 

It was agreed to exchange publications with the Essex Society, 
and to allow the Oxford Historical Society to become Subscribers 
to the Kent Archaeological Society without payment of entrance fee. 



lvi PROCEEDINGS, 1905. 

On a letter being read from Wr. Harold Sands with reference 
to Lympne Castle, the Honorary Secretary was requested to write 
to the owner asking that ]\Ir. Sands should represent the Society 
for the purpose of making a plan of the Castle. 

The Society's gold ornaments were placed before the Members 
of the Council, and the Honorary Secretary was requested to insure 
them for £500, to provide for their safe keeping, and have them 
placed in a proper ease. 

The following were elected Ordinary Members of the Society: 
Henry Gould, Esq., M.E.C.S., D. Montgomerie, Esq.. the Eev. A. B. 
Littlewood, Joseph Stanley Eoper, Esq., Miss Eoutledge, the Eev. 
S. fork, Percy J. Baker. Esq., the Eev. E. Partridge, Eev. H. L. 
Beardmore, Mrs. Rogers, Mrs. Cumberland Woodruff. 

May 11th, 1905. — A Special Meeting of the Council was held 
at the Society's Eoom, Maidstone. Fourteen members were present, 
Mr. (i. M. Arnold in the Chair. 

The Minutes of the last Meeting were read, and with the follow- 
ing addition were approved: "That the Society's Collections he 
insured against burglary as well as lire, and that the gold ornaments 
be kept in the strong room at the Maidstone Museum, except in 
case of emergency." 

The Chairman alluded in feeling terms to the death of Lord 
Stanhope, and it was resolved that a special letter of condolence 
be sent to Lady Stanhope. 

It was also decided that a portrait of Lord Stanhope be acquired 
from Messrs. Walton and Co.. of Shaftesbury Avenue, framed, and 
hung in the Society's Booms. 

After some discussion it was decided that the Council should 

recommend to the general body of members that Lord Northbourne 

be asked to accept the posl of President of the Society, a Special 

eral Meeting for this purpose to be held on Wednesday, 

June 7ih. in the Cathedral Library at Canterbury. 

\ rote of thanks was passed to the Eev. J. A. Boodle for his 
presenl to the Society's Library of a volume of the Early English 
Text S The MedicBval Records. 

I following were made Ordinary Members of the Society: 
Mrs. Scott Robertson, the Dean of Rochester, J. II. Bridge, Esq., 
Lewie II. ■ : ' -. Esq. 

June 7th, L906. — A Special General Meeting was held this day, 
by kind permi.-.-ioii of the Dean and Chapter, at the Cathedral 



PROCEEDINGS, 1005. lvii 

Library, Canterbury, at 12 o'clock. Sixteen members were present, 
Mr. Gr. M. Arnold occupying the Chair. 

The Eonorary Secretary having read tbe notice convening the 
Meeting, the Chairman proposed that Lord Northbourne should be 
elected President of the Society. He pointed out the interest Lord 
Northbourne took in Archaeology, how he was one of the Trustees 
of the St. Augustine's Abbey Fund, to which he had given substan- 
tial assistance. The proposal was seconded by Mr. H. Mapleton 
Chapman, who likewise pointed out the fitness of Lord Northbourne 
for the post. The election was unanimous. 

At the request of the Chairman, the Honorary Secretary read 
a letter of thanks for their sympathy from the present Lord 
Stanhope, and it was ordered that the letter be recorded on the 
Minutes. 

[Copy of Letter. ~\ 

Cheveniug, Sevenoaks. 

May 14th, 1905. 
Sir, 

"Would you be so good as to convey from my mother 
(Lady Stanhope) and us all our deep thanks to the Chairman and 
Members of the Kent Archaeological Society for their most kind 
and touching resolution of sympathy and condolence. 

My dear Father took so keen an interest in this Society that it 
is an additional source of gratification to us to realize how fully 
this feeling was appreciated by its Members. 

Trusting that you will be so good as to convey to the Council 
our gratitude for their kindness, 

Believe me, 

Tours faithfully, 
Stanhope. 

On behalf of us all I write also to thank you for your kind 
personal message of condolence. 

The Hon. Sec, Kent Archaeological Society. 



This closed the business, and the Meeting resolved itself into 
the usual June Council Meeting. There were ten members present, 
presided over by Mr. G. M. Arnold. 

VOL. XXVII. e 



lviii PROCEEDINGS, 1905. 

The Minutes of the last Council Meeting were read and confirmed. 

Tl i Chairman rose and made some feeling allusion to the death 
of Mr. Burch Kosher of AValmer, and moved that a letter of con- 
dolence should be sent to Mrs. Burch Kosher. This was carried 
unanimously. The proposed programme of the forthcoming 
Qraveeend Meeting was approved, subject to an alteration in the 
route on the Becond day, it being considered desirable to visit 
Xurthfleet, Stone, and Darenth Churches. 

The vacancy caused by the death of Mr. Burch Kosher on the 
Fordwich Town Trust was filled by the appointment of Mr. Chap- 
man. 

A letter from Mr. Kobert Hoar of Maidstone, with regard to the 
proposed demolition of the old Gate House at the entrance of the 
Palace ( hardens, was read by the Honorary Secretary, and Mr. Livett 
told the Council that he had been present with a deputation to the 
Corporation to protest against its destruction. He had pointed 
i nit that the building was certainly old, being fourteenth-century 
work, that any objection to its present ugliness could easily be put 
right, and that the objection as to its interfering with a view of 
the Church would not hold good, as it was the fault of the trees. 
It was resolved that the Honorary Secretary write to the General 
Purposes Committee, saying that the Council of the Kent Archaeo- 
logical Society, while fully appreciating the good work done in the 

Jibourhood of the Palace, earnestly deprecated the demolition 
of the ancient gatehouse. 

Eollowing were elected members of the Society: Messrs. 
K. .1 . Eolden, Jesse Lamlily Thomas, A. G. Little, Mrs. Ashley Dodd, 
M pg. ( tascoyne. 

The Annual Meeting was held at the town of Gravesend on 
Tu. -lay. July 25th, 1905. 

The Noble President, Lord Northbourne, was with the members 
of the Society met by the Mayor, G. M. Arnold, Esq., D.L., F.S.A., 
and Corporation at the Town Hall, and welcomed in a few well 
i words, to which Lord Northbourne cordially replied. 
I ■ Genera] Meeting was then proceeded with. 

I Northbourne called upon the Secretary to read the Report, 
I 1 '" 1 on the motion of the Noble Lord, seconded by 
the Mayor, Mr Gh M. Arnold. 

Cotton of Ramsgate was unanimously elected 
a member of the Council. 



PROCEEDINGS, 1905. Hx 

The six retiring members of the Couneil, Messrs. A. A. Arnold, 
Leland L. Duncan, Arthur Finn, J. Oldrid Scott, the Rev. T. S. 
Frampton, and the Hon. Robert Marsham-Townahend, were unani- 
mously re-elected. 

Mr. Arnold proposed, Mr. Chapman seconded, and it was carried 
unanimously, " That the retiring Auditors, Messrs. Herbert Hordern 
and C. F. Hooper, be re-elected." 

On the proposal of the Eev. C. E. Woodruff, seconded by the 
Honorary Secretary, Mr. J. Meadows Cowper, F.S.A., was unani- 
mously elected an Honorary Member of the Society. 

The following Ordinary Members were elected : Spencer Borden, 
Esq., Interlaken, Fall Eiver, Mass., U.S.A., the Eev. II. D. Dale, 
M.A., Hythe Vicarage, Kent, Martin Miller, Esq., Waterfield, 
Scotts Lane, Shorthands. 

This concluded the Business Meeting, and the company, which 
consisted of over 200 members and their friends, proceeded in 
carriages to the residence of the Mayor at Milton Hall, where they 
were entertained at luncheon in a spacious marquee near the 
entrance to the Park. 

At the conclusion of the repast Lord JSTorthbourne said it was 
impossible for the company to separate without thanking Mr. Gr. M. 
Arnold for the entertainment that he had afforded them, and 
wishing Mr. and Mrs. Arnold many years of health in which to 
enjoy their demesne among such beautiful surroundings. 

A move was then made for the brakes, and after a pleasant drive 
a visit was made to Shorne Church, where the members of the 
Society were welcomed by the Eev. A. L. Coates, M.A., who gave 
an interesting historical account of the Church. 

The party then drove on to Cobham Church through beautiful 
scenery, and on arrival were received by the Eev. A. Berger, M.A. 
The Eev. A. A. Arnold read a paper dealing with the architectural 
beauties of the Church, and minutely explained the magnificent 
brasses. A leaflet kindly drawn up by Mr. Arnold shewing the 
exact position of the brasses with their names and dates was 
presented to each member of the Society. The Eev. A. Berger 
also added some interesting remarks. 

It was intended to visit Cobham College, but as the time was 
so short and the company most anxious to get to Cobham Hall, 
this was omitted, and from the Church the party proceeded at once 
to the ancestral liome of the Earl of Daruley, who gave a hearty 
welcome to the Society on behalf of the Couutess aud himself. 



lx proceedings, 1905. 

Lord Darnley suggested that the party should be divided into 
three for the sake of convenience, and this being done enabled all 
to visit the mansion and grounds and partake of tea. The Earl 
and Countess personally conducted the various parties through the 
rooms and corridors, explaining the various valuable oil paintings 
by the groat masters. 

Great interest was taken in the room built for Queen Elizabeth, 
who twice stayed at the Hall. A small British encampment in the 
Park, of which a large part of the defences was plainly visible, was 
\ [sited under the guidance of the Honorary Secretary. 

Reassembling on the lawn, Lord Northbourne said he was sure 
thai it was the wish of everyone that he should cordially thank 
Lord and Lady Darnley for the kind entertainment that they had 
provided for them in allowing them to view their beautiful and 
historic place. Lord Darnley replied that nothing afforded Lady 
Darnley and himself so much pleasure as meeting their friends and 
taking them round their old home. He only regretted that the 
company had not more time to spend. Hearty cheers were given 
for Lord and Lady Darnley, and the party then drove back to 
Gravesend. 

The Annual Dinner took place at the Clarendon Hotel, Lord 
Northbourne, the President, in the Chair. He was supported by 
the Dean of Rochester, the Mayor (Mr. G. M. Arnold), Dr. Eirth, 
the Eev. G. M. Livett, Mrs. Livett, Mrs. Routledge, Mr. W. E. 
Hughes, and about sixty others. 

The Evening Meeting was held at the Town Hall, when the 
.Mayor gave an able address on Gravesend from the earliest times 
to the present day, which was much appreciated by the small 
number of members who attended. 

()n Wednesday, July 26th, the members took luncheon at the 
Clarendou Hotel, and proceeded in carriages to St. Botolph's 
Church, Northfleet, where they were received by the Vicar, the 
Rev. W. I'. W. 1'oire, M.A. The architectural beauties of the 
Church were explained by the Eev. G. M. Livett. 

Stone Church was next visited, where the Eev. Canon Murray 

ived the party ami gave a short address, which was supple- 
tnented 1»\ tin- Rev. (•. M. Livett, who pointed out that some parts 
of the Church bore a greal resemblance to work in Westminster 
Abbey, and were probably by the same architect. 

Proceeding onwards the party visited Darenth Church, where 
the K< v. II. B. St.vens gave an interesting explanation of the 




Ac^CJ^j^ 



OBITUARY. lxi 

architecture of the Church, and the Pev. G. M. Livett again kindly 
added a few remarks on some portions of the building, about 
which some controversy exists. 

The party then returned to Gravesend, and brought to a con- 
clusion a pleasant and successful Meeting. 



dMntuarj) flotirrsu 



EABL STANHOPE, E.S.A.* 

Lord Stanhope, the genial President of our Society for nearly 
fifteen years, passed away on Wednesday, April 19th, deeply 
regretted by all who had been brought into contact with him 
during his useful and strenuous life. Arthur Philip Stanhope was 
born in 1838, the eldest son of the 5th Earl, the distinguished 
historian and sometime President of the Society of Antiquaries. 
After serving for some years in the Grenadier Guards he entered 
the House of Commons in 18G9 as one of the representatives for 
Leominster. He subsequently sat for East Suffolk, and was one 
of the Junior Lords of the Treasury from 1S74 to 1876. " In this 
office " (says the " Times ") " as in his public services in other 
directions in after life, his courtesy and sound good sense were seen 
to great advantage, and commanded the respect of friends and 
opponents alike." As Lord-Lieutenant of Kent since 1890 he was 
always ready to bring the influence of his position to the assistance 
of every good work throughout the county, and for many years he 
took an important part in the work of the Ecclesiastical Commission, 
to which he acted as First Estates Commissioner since 1878. 
Notwithstanding the manifold calls upon his time and energy in 
other directions, our late President took a very active interest in the 
proceedings of the Kent Archaeological Society ; he was scarcely ever 
absent from the Annual Excursions, and for many years the 
hospitality of his London house was open to the Members of 
Council during their June Meeting. 

* The portrait is from a photograph lent by Messrs. Elliott and Fry of 
55 Baker Street. 



lxii OBITUARY. 

( [JMBEELAND HENRY WOODRUFF, B.C.L., F.S.A.* 

Cumberland Woodruff, one of the Hon. Editors of Archao- 
logia Cantiana, who died at his home in Folkestone on Tuesday, 
October 1th, 1901, was born at Upcburch, near Sittingbourne, in 
Is 17. tbe second son of the late Eev. John Woodruff, Viear of the 
parish. Upcburch is well known to most Kentish archaeologists 
as tbe site of extensive Roman potteries, and it is probable that 
the influence of his early surroundings gave him that bias towards 
antiquarian pursuits, to which in after life he was so devoted. 
Educated at Winchester and Merton College, Oxford, he was called 
to the .Bar in 1875 as a Member of Lincoln's Inn, and ten years 
later was appointed by the Master of the Rolls Keeper of the 
Chancery Master's Documents. For many years he did much 
useful work in connection with the preparation of the Calendars 
issued by the Public Record Office, but it is perhaps as an 
antiquary and collector that he will be chiefly remembered. 
A Member of our Society for thirty-five years, and a Fellow of the 
Society of Antiquaries for a period almost equally long, Cumberland 
Woodruff contributed some valuable articles to the publications of 
both Societies, but neither the number nor importance of his Papers 
is in any way commensurate with the breadth and depth of his 
knowledge in several branches of Archaeology. Perhaps it is not 
too much to say that for all-round knowledge of the antiquities of 
Kent he was in the very front rank, but his learning was concealed 
by so much modesty and reserve that probably few were aware of 
its extent. To his intimate friends, however, and most of all to his 
brother and co-editor, his great attainments were well known, and 
his unexpected removal leaves a place that it will be very hard to 
till. As a collector of old oak furniture and of books relating 
to tbe County of Kent, he displayed excellent judgment; his 
collection of oak was gathered from all parts of the kingdom, and 
included specimens of considerable rarity. Of books, pamphlets, 
ami prints relating to the County he accumulated a collection 
which (with one possible exception) was probably unique. His 
-ive collection of Soman tictile ware from the bauks of the 
Bdedway iras presented some years ago to the Eastgate Museum 
in Rochester. 



• We are indebted to tli<- liberality of \i. Cooke, Esq., of Detliug, for the 
i ut-blook, which i- taken From a photograph kindly Lent by Mr. Hawke 
tb. 



OBITUARY. lxiii 

CANON CHARLES FRANCIS ROUTLEDGE, M.A., F.S.A. 

Deceased 2nd Novembeb 1904. 

Charles Francis Routledge, son of the Rev. William Routledge, 
D.D., Rector of Cotleigh, near Honiton, Devonshire, \v;is born on 
December 16th, 1838. He was educated at Eton and King's 
College, Cambridge, where he took his degree (First Class Classical 
Tripos) in 1862, and was afterwards elected a Fellow of his College. 
In the same year he was ordained Deacon, and in the following year 
Priest, by the Bishop of Lincoln. After serving about a year as 
a Curate of Richmond, Surrey, he was appointed one of Her 
Majesty's Inspectors of Schools, his district being in Yorkshire, and 
in 1869 he came to Canterbury in the same capacity. Living under 
the shadow of St. Martin's Church, he from the first took the 
greatest possible interest in it, and the important discoveries made 
in late years in the structure were mainly due to his enterprise, and 
were carried out under his supervision. His book on St. Martin's 
Church is a valuable contribution towards the elucidation of its 
history. Mr. Routledge was made an Honorary Canon of Canter- 
bury by Archbishop Tait in 1874. For many years he was one of 
the most prominent and useful Members of our Society, acting as 
Honorary Editor of Archcsologia Cantiana from 1891 to 1900, and 
contributing to its pages valuable papers on St. Martin's Church 
Canterbury ; St. Pancras Chapel ; a Report of the discovery of 
certain bones in the crypt of Canterbury Cathedral, believed by 
some to be those of St. Thomas a Becket ; and an Account of the 
Excavations in the Abbey Field at St. Augustine's, of which latter 
he was the prime mover and energetic superintendent. 



W. H. BURCH ROSHER, Esq., J.P. 

Deceased 13th Mat 1905. 

Mr. Burch Rosher, who passed away in a sadly sudden manner 
last May, was born in 1834, the only son of the late "William 
Rosher, J. P., of Northfleet, Kent. He was called to the Bar as 
a Member of Lincoln's Inn in 1861, and practised for some years 
on the South-Eastern Circuit and at Birmingham. About twenty- 
five years ago he retired from active practice, and after spending 
some time in travelling on the Continent settled at Walmer, where 
for the last ten years of his life he ably represented the interests 



lxiV OBITUARY. 

of our Society as Local Secretary for the district. During his 
residence at Walmer Mr. Rosher was very energetic, as church- 
warden and one of the Secretaries of the Building Committee, in 
forwarding the erection of the handsome new Church overlooking 
i he Glen, opened in 1888, and took a still more prominent part 
in raising funds for the completion of the tower in accordance 
with the designs of Sir Arthur Blomfield, as a memorial to 
the late Marl Granville; the tower was dedicated by the late 
Archbishop Benson on 13th April 1893. At the same time, or 
a little later, the nave of the ancient Xorman Church was 
restored to its original form by the removal of the annexe built at 
the beginning of the nineteenth century. During the visit of our 
Society to Deal in 1S98 the restored Church was visited, and the 
Members were hospitably entertained by Mr. Burch Bosher at his 
house. Mr. Kosher was a County Councillor for the Eastry No. 2 
District, and a Justice of the Peace for the County, and Cinque 
1' rts Division, and was unremitting in the discharge of his public 
duties. He will be much missed at the Annual Meetings of our 
Society, at which for many years he had been one of the most 
regular attendants, and still more at the Quarterly Meetings of the 
Council, where his energy, capacity for detail, and methodical 
exactness were very conspicuous. Mr. Bosher married in 1SG5 
Henrietta, only daughter of the late Richard Griffiths Welford, Esq., 
of Coventry, J. P. for Warwickshire and Judge of the County 
Courts, who survives him. 



( Ixv ) 



RESEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT, 
1902—1904. 

COMMUNICATED BY MR. GEORGE PAYNE, F.L.S., F.S.A. 

Boughton Alfph. — Mr. H. F. Abell of Kennington Hall, 
Ashford, kindly informs me of the discovery of an Anglo-Saxon 
interment in Mr. Tarbutt's chalk quarry opposite Whitehill, within 
a mile of Boughton Aluph, to the west of the British trackway 
(Pilgrim Road), at the point where the road from Wye to Challock 
crosses it. The remains of a human skeleton were found accom- 
panied by the following articles : — 

A sword, length of hilt 4£ inches, of blade 29f inches ; an iron 
stand with three legs and three branches, with fragments of wood 
adhering to the latter, leading Mr. Abell to suppose that the 
branches had originally supported a Cup. The stand measures 
8i inches in height and the space between the branches 5f inches ; 
an iron spear-head, a pick-head, a bronze key, a hinge, a pair of 
bronze tweezers, a bronze buckle and portions of another, a spur, 
two belt fasteners, a small iron knife, sundry pieces of iron, and 
ten Roman coins. 

Unfortunately Mr. Abell was unable to get these objects sent 
to me for examination, otherwise a more correct description could 
have been furnished. 

Chatham Dockyakd. — During the works connected with the 
construction of the new dock opposite Upnor Castle, a fine palaeo- 
lithic flint celt was found just below the surface of the marsh. 
A short time after I was fortunate enough to discover another upon 
Chatham Lines, by the gate leading into the Officers' Recreation 
Ground ; it had been thrown out by the sappers engaged in con- 
structing a military railway near by. Both specimens are now in 
the Rochester Museum. 

VOL. XXVII. ./ 



lxvi RKSEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT. 

Rochester. — After the National Provincial Bank was rebuilt 
a cesspool was sunk in the garden in rear of the premises, 
when the workmen employed came upon, at six feet from the 
surface, the wall of a Roman building. Luckily it was not 
necessary to remove it, hence 1 was able to take the following 
details : — 

The wall was two feet thick, and constructed of irregular blocks 
of Kentish Eag to a depth of six feet, then came a double bonding 
course of red tiles, then two feet six inches of rag, then a single 
course 1 of tiles, then three Feel of rag. By the courtesy of 
Mr. Brans, the Manager of the Bank, 1 was permitted to prosecute 
further research, when a return wall was discovered. 

These foundations were met with at a distance of sixty-six feet 
to the south of the northern wall of the city, which forms the 
boundary of the Hank garden. 

liuMW A\'\ll of Rochester. — In the Autumn of 1002 some 
buildings which stood immediately to the west of Brooker's forge 
on "The Common " were demolished, thus exposing a Large portion 
of the city wall, againsl which they bad been built. These opera- 
tions offered an excellent opportunity to examine the wall, at this 
point, to its foundation. This I was kindly allowed to do in con- 
junction with Mr. Banks, the City Surveyor. At 7 feet 2 inches 
from the surface the labourers came upon the "set-off," which 
projected 8 inches; below this, at 8 feet 10 inches, the base of the 
wall was reached Above the "set-off" were seven courses of 
Kentish Rag blocks in 1 feet 5 inches, set in mortar 3 inches 
thick. Above the regular courses the "core" is denuded of 
facing-stones to a height of 9 feet; above this occurs 2 feet 
of modern facing, with brickwork to the present summit of the 
wall. 

above are valuable particulars to have obtained, as they 
shew that so me fourteen or fifteen feel of the northern wall of the 
citv is pure Roman masonry from the base at that portion under 
deration. The faced part of the wall corresponded exactly 
with that remaining above ground at the East Ghate, in rear of 
I., aard'e Bhop, excepl thai the stones were not so weathered by 
exposure to 1 be elements. 

This line Btretch of masonry has recently been re-pointed, 
and re-faced at the base where the facing-stones had given wav. 
On the top of the Roman work the vegetation and plants con- 




C ITY OF ROCHESTE R 

Plan of North West Corner of 
Roman City Wall. 



vmy.; 



Fig. I. 



O M M <> X 



> 

Q 
UJ 

UJ 

> 




SCALE OF FEET 



BLOCK PLAN. 







\ 



SCALE OF FEET 



DETAIL PLAN 



Cd Bu. 



RESEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT, lxvii 

coaled a bonding course of tiles, to which reference was made 
in my account of the identification of the Roman wall of the 
city in Arcliccolorjia Cantiana, Vol. XXI. Photographs of this 
portion of the wall have been taken by Mr. H. Wingent of the 
Kent Photographic Survey Society. 

Hoo St. "Werburc.it. — A gold British coin found by a lad in 
a plantation at Hoo has recently been acquired for the Rochester 
Museum. Sir John Evans has recorded the discovery of similar 
coins in the same locality, and describes the present specimen as of 
a common British type. 

Rochester. — During the erection of the new premises of 
Messrs. Franklin Homan on the south side of High Street, between 
Eastgate and Star Hill, the southern edge of the Roman paved 
way through the city was exposed to view beneath the pave- 
ment along the entire front of the building. The section was as 
follows : — 

Accumulated soil under paved foot-way, 1 foot 3 inches ; top 
of Roman road, paved with " headers " of Kentish Rag laid in stiff 
dark clay, 6 inches ; then pebble gravel mixed with stiff clay, as 
above, and rammed, inches ; then chalk and Hints, rammed, 
1 foot 9 inches, resting upon the natural soil. 

In Archceologia Cantiana, Vol. XXIII. , pp. 1 — 3, I endeavoured 
to lay down the course of the Roman way from Chatham Hill to 
Rochester, of which the portion under consideration is a con- 
tinuation, hence the above discovery is a welcome proof of the 
correctness of the opinions therein set forth, which were based 
upon the evidence supplied by an early plan of the locality given at 
page 20 of that volume. The prominent projection of Mr. Boucher's 
shop at the foot of Star Hill, and the tw r o shops adjoining to the 
west, is now explained. When the more modern road along the 
base of "The Banks " was constructed the shops referred to entirely 
overlapt the Roman way coming from Orange Terrace, and now 
mark the line of the later road. Beyond these shops the line of 
houses up to the East Gate practically represent the limit of the 
southern edge of the Roman way, as proved by the discovery in 
front of Messrs. Homan's establishment. 

In the year 1902 the Phoenix Inn and house adjoining, which 
had stood since the sixteenth century in the High Street to the 

/2 



lxviii KESEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT. 




- 




. J5& r - r -~ o Q o oo<3o^ 




north of the Cathedral, were demolished. 
During excavations for the collars of 
the new buildings the foundations of the 
northern wall thai formerly enclosed the 
Priory of St. Andrew were, as was to 
be expected, met with. Foundations of 
another wall were also revealed running 
at right angles to the Priory wall towards 
Gund ulf's Tower, but it had been so 
hacked about by having been used in 
later times as "footings" for brick build- 
ings that it was impossible to determine 
their course with any degree of accuracy. 
While these operations were proceeding 
the writer was in constant attendance, 
and was rewarded by securing for the 
Local Museum portions of a pseudo- 
Samian bowl, three small brass Koman 
coins quite undecipherable, two "Bellar- 
mine" jugs, two glass phials, glass flagons 
and other ware of the seventeenth cen- 
tury. The fragments of the Samian bowd 
have since been put together enabling us 
to give an illustration of the embossed 
design around it, which renders descrip- 
tion unnecessary. The bowd is 3f inches 
in height, and 7i inches in diameter. It 
is of fine lustre and exceedingly well made. 
The design is a novelty, but faulty. 

During the rebuilding of Mr. Stanley's 
shop adjoining the Gordon Hotel, when 
excavations were made for cellars, the 
Roman level was reached (as usual in 
Rochester; at 8 feet. The workmen found 
a large brass of Antoninus 1 'i us, a small 
brasB with the bead of Roma on the ob- 
verse, on the reverse Romulus and Remus 
being suckled by the wolf, a small brass of 
( lonstantinopolie bearing the Treves mint 
mark, the handle of a wine vessel (seria), 
and a bronze object of doubtful use. 



RESEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT, lxix 

The recent widening of the street anciently called " Cheldegate 
Lane," subsequently " Pump Lane," and now " Northgate," pre- 
sented an excellent opportunity of testing whether any vestige 
remained beneath the road of the foundations of the gate of the 
city at this point. The authorities kindly allowed me to prosecute 
the necessary researches in conjunction with the City Surveyor. 
A wide trench was excavated along the Roman wall to a depth of 
8 feet in front of the Quaker's Meeting House. The wall was 
intact, but the whole of the facing-stones had been removed. After 
the pavement was taken up to be set back to the new line our 
trench was continued across the main road, when we soon found 
that the wall had been destroyed for a space of about 6 feet to 
make way for a huge barrel dram, a gas main, and a water main. 
On passing these three mains the wall was not seen again, but 
we found the paved Roman road leading through what must have 
been part of the way beneath the gateway, so that the western 
side of the gate probably underlies the pavement in front of 
the Inn. Some day, when the old house is re-built, this may be 
seen. 

In the year 1903 the Corporation of Rochester acquired a portion 
of land abutting on the river Medvvay which had hitherto formed 
part of the barge building yard of Mr. G. W. Gill. After the 
sheds were removed an opportunity was afforded of opening the 
ground at the north-west corner of the Roman wall. By permission 
of the authorities, and, again, with the valuable assistance of the 
City Surveyor, the work was commenced, resulting in the discovery 
of what appears to be a buttress against and bonded into the wall. 
Unfortunately only a small portion of the masonry could be laid bare 
as a workshop blocked the way, but the buttress, which was 4 feet 
inches wide with a projection of 1 foot 9 inches, was fully revealed, 
audits position is indicated upon the accompanying Plan by an arrow. 
In Mr. Banks' Plan is inserted the presumed line of the wall, as given 
in the Ordnance Survey Map, which shews it coming in a straight 
line right up to Horsewash Lane, whereas it probably begins to 
curve as it approaches that point, finally merging into the buttressed 
portion we have lately discovered. The space between the latter 
and the river is all " made ground," and piled with baulks of timber 
for wharfage purposes. In Roman times such did not exist, and 
the base of the city wall then, at the north-west corner, was washed 
by every tide, necessitating buttresses, one of which has been 
brought to light. It gives me pleasure to state how much 1 am 



1XX RESEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT. 

indebted to Mr. G-. W. Gill for allowing me to extend my researches 
into his premie 

l;i Archeologia Continue. Vol. XXI., I staled that the front 
wall of the ancienl palace of the Bishops of Rochester was built 
upon the foundations of the Roman city wall. In consequence of 
the discovery of the true line of the latter this was a safe inference. 
It is. however, a satisfaction to record that the statement has since 
been proved by :i large section of it being laid bare during the 
extension of the drawing room at tin' western extremity of the 
now remaining wing of the palace. The workmen had to remove 
about a Eool in depth over an area of a few yards of the rock-like 
masonry, and were obliged to resort to a crow-bar and maw- 
hammer before they could make any impression upon it. The same 
difficulty confronted the labourers when .Miss Spong's house at 
Eastgate was converted into a shop after her death. During the 
alterations the whole length of this portion of tin' Roman wall on 
its inner side was revealed. 

Biddendex.— Mr. J. Ellis Mace of Teuterden kindly writes that 
six urns containing bones have been found in a railway cutting one 
mile north of Biddenden on the Bother Valley Railway. These are 
probably Roman interments. 

Mkdwai .Maksiiks. — A group of eleven Roman vases found in 
the Burnt W'iek saltings, in the parish of Upchurch, has recently 
been acquired by the writer. The specimens are all of CTpchurch 
ware, and. as will he seen from the accompanying illustration 
(Fig. 3), are of the usual type, with the exception of the highest 

tel on the left. This is of unusual form and line linish ; it is 
i\\ inches in height, diameter of mouth •"> inches, of base -I inches. 

The third vase from the Left is also of Upchurch wart 1 , having an 
indented pattern round the bulge. It was found in a Roman grave 
at Trechman'e chalk quarries between Cuzton and Hailing. Its 
discover] waa recorded in Archeeologia Gantiana, Vol. XXV., 
j i. Lxviii. 

I e diminutive j 1 1 -_r (Fig. 2) was also Eound at Burnt Wick, 
b\ men engaged in digging mud for cemenl making purposes. 

Jt was doubtless found at a much higher level than the Roman 

Eerred to above. It is (>;, inches in height, with a diameter 
of mouth and hase of '2 | inches. This interesting example of fictile 




Fig. 2. 
MEDI/EVAL JUG FOUND AT BURNT WICK. 




Fig. 3. 



ROMAN VASES FOUND IN THE BURNT WICK 



RESEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT. l.\xi 

ware of the twelfth or thirteenth century is of a lighl red colour, 
and, although roughly made, is stout and of good quality, and of 
the highest rarity in Kent. 

The two photographs, here reproduced, were kindlj taken For 
me by my friend, the Rev. Arthur Collins, B.A. 

On going through the coins bequeathed bj the late Mr. Walter 
Prentisof Rainham to the Rochester Museum 1 Bound Borne uotable 
specimens which are worthy of being recorded. The aureus of 
Augustus was found with coins of Cunobeline at Hearts Delight, 
Borden, in 1874. The discovery was recorded in Archceologia 
Cantiana, Vol. IX., p. 299, but the Roman coin was erroneously 
described as of Claudius. Mr. II. A. Grueber, F.S.A., Assistant- 
Keeper of the Coins and Medals at the British Museum, has □ 
kindly furnished me with the following description of them: — 

1. Aureus of Augustus, struck B.C. 18. 

Obverse: Head of Augustus to right laureate. 

Reverse: Au altar inscribed FORTVN . REDV . CA BSA B I . 

AVG . S . P . Q . R. 
(Fortunae Reduci, Caesari Augusto, Senatus Populus Que 

Romanus.) 

This is a representation of the famous altar which was raised 
by order of the Senate to Augustus on his return to Rome in li.c. 19. 

2. Merovingian Triens. 

Obverse: SAXSEBACIO. Laureate head to right. 
Reverse : CIV . NOLLVS. Cross on globe, the latter within 
semicircle and dots. 
The place where this piece was struck has not been identified. 
It is not mentioned by Prou or Belfort in their works on Mero- 
vingian coins. 

3. Penny of Offa. 

Obverse: Within square compartment composed of dots, the 
corners extended, OE(= OFF[A]) ; below, R CO (Rex Mercio- 
ruui) ; above, cross between ornaments of three pellets; on 
each side, cross. 

Reverse: Within quatrefoil with circle in centre, enclosing 
cross of five pellets, the moneyers name BOBS; ornainenl in 
each angle of quatrefoil. 



lxxii RESEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT, 
■i. Penny of Offa. 

Obverse : p^v * n tw0 l uaettes > between which two crosses 
connected by dotted line. 

Reverse: v^p with cross above and below, and divided 
by double anchor pattern. 

The Merovingian piece has never been in circulation, hence is 
in mint state. I suspect that it was found in an Anglo-Saxon grave 
discovered many years ago in the sand-pit at the head of Otterliam 
Creek, Opchurch. The coins of Offa were doubtless found in the 
Kainliain or Upchurch district, but Mr. Prentis made no notes 
about the antiquities he acquired, but they were certainly local. 
The reins of Cunobeline are engraved in the volume of Archceologia 
already mentioned. 



RESEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT, lxxiii 



DISCOVERY OF A ROMAN KILN AT GALLEY HILL, 
SWANSCOMBE. 

COMMUNICATED BY MR. E. C. YOUENS. 

The Galley Hill School, and the works of the Associated Portland 
Cement Company, lie within an acute angle formed by tlie Dartford 
and Gravosend high road and the ancient trackway leading north- 
wards to the Thames. The chalk hill, which here begins to slope 
to the river, is covered to a depth of about 9 feet by a kind of 




Kiln found at Galley Hill. 



pebbly loam mixed with gravel. It was whilst engaged in removing 
this deposit, that early in last year (1904) the workmen of the 
Cement Company uncovered the curious circular kiln or oven, of 
which an illustration is given above. The upper part of the kiln 
was 5 feet beneath the surface ; and its measurements are : 
diameter, from 3 feet 6 inches to 3 feet 5 inches ; depth, 13 £ inches. 



lxxiv RESEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT. 

The sides, winch bear clear indications of the action of fire, appear 
to have been lined with a mixture of clay and chaff. In the kiln 
itself nothing was fonnd, but at the distance of only a few feel and 

at the same level the fragments of a large Roman vessel of Amphora 
type, several Fragments of " Samian " ware, and a large quantity 
of the bones and horns of animals were thrown out. 

!■ years ago, L'i> yards south of the above and at about the 
same level, a human skeleton was unearthed, of which the skull 
presented such marked peculiarities that it has been considered as 
possibly the remains of a Pala-olithic man. A full account of this 
discovery was published in the quarterly Journal of the Geological 
Society for August L895, but its propinquity to that now recorded 
may possibly cause some modification of the opinions therein 
expressed. 

For kind permission to visit the site and take photographs 
of this interesting discovery I am indebted to the courtesy of 
Mr. 11. K. Gr. Bamber, Manager of the Associated Portland Cement 
Works at Swanscombe. 



NOTE ON AN ANCIENT BELL FROM BOXLEY. 

The very remarkable bell dug up in the garden at Boxley Vicarage 
last year (1904) is quite unlike any specimen of the bell-founder's 
art hitherto known in this county. In outline (as will be seen in the 
accompanying Illustration) it bears some resemblance to the very 
early little Irish bells, but it is cast, not hammered, and is much 
larger than tie se. [ts height exclusive of the ring is \2\ inches. 

diameter of the mouth (which is an irregular octagon) measures 
13 inches one way and llf inches the other. The average thickness 
of the metal, which appears to be a very hard bronze, is f of an 
inch. At the top is a ring of the same metal, having a diameter of 
from ::. to :; | inches, and 1 , 7 ,. inches wide. 

I • i- found 1 feet 3 inches below the surface of the 

ind at a spot oear the north-east corner of the Vicarage, during 

sonic excavations for laying new drains. No clapper was found 

with the hell, or any other objects which might have given a clue 

to it- date. It is possible that it maj have been an importation 

I I a or China. On the other hand, it is perhaps more likely 



RESEARCHES AND DISCOVEIUES IN KENT. 1\\'V 

that it is an English house bell of no very remote antiquity, cast 
possibly in the weald by one who was not a regular bell-founder. 





The Boxley Bell. 



The Rev. W. S. Cadnian, the Vicar of Boxley, has deposited the 
bell in the Maidstone Municipal Museum. 



IXXVI RESEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT. 



DISCOVERIES OF PREHISTORIC POTTERY IN THE 
MAIDSTONE DISTRICT. 

COMMUNICATED BY MR. J. H. ALLCHIN, 

CURATOR AND LIBRARIAN OF THE MAIDSTONE MUSEUM. 

In the early part of 1904 I was informed that a piece of very 
ancient pottery liad been brought to light in the course of excava- 
tions for the Tramway Car Shed in the cherry orchard, Tonbridge 
Road, Maidstone, about a mile and a half from the centre of the 
town. 

The vessel is a small bowl of imperfectly baked clay, of a blackish 
brown colour, very rudely made, and having been moulded by the hands 
the shape is consequently irregular and uneven. The measurements 
are: height, 2f inches at the highest point; diameter of mouth, 
from 3| inches to 3| inches, and the same at the base, but there is 
a swelling in the centre all round. 

A crude attempt at ornamentation was made by pinching out 
from the plastic clay a row of nodules or small pointed lumps of 
various sizes, and at very irregular intervals, the spaces from point 
t.i poinl varying from l\ to 2\ inches. 

It was found at a depth of about 4 feet below the surface, in 
a bed of clay, and was happily extracted without sustaining the 
-lightest injury. (See Plate.) 

It Lb, of course, impossible to fix an exact or even approximate 
time for the manufacture of the bowl, but the opinion of some 
experts who have seen it is that it may date back to the Neolithic 
or New Stone Age. The exact position of that Age in point of 
and the duration of the same is undeterminable, but it may be 
stated with some confidence that the vessel is of one of the earliest 
irii- of fictile ware discovered in the county. 
mples of the pottery of this pre-historic period are rare in 
Cent, and, so Ear as our present information serves us, this par- 
ticular specimen is unique. In volume viii. of the Wiltshire 
Areka ologioal and Natural Bittorg Magazine, L^Gi, there is an 






■i 
PREHISTORIC VESSEL FOUND AT MAIDSTONE. 
Reproduced by permission of the Maidston] Mi S3 I u Commute] . 



RESEARCHES AND DISCOVER I Ks I N K KM . I \ \ v i i 

illustration of a vessel of a similar type, but diminishing towards 
1 lie base, and without the swelling round the centre, discovered al 
L'Ancresse in Guernsey with several other clay vessels, in a crom- 
lech or stone burial chamber, ascribed to the people of the New 
Stone Age. 

As the ground in which the article was found belongs to the 
Mayor and Corporation of the borough, the discovery was reported 
to the Mayor, Mr. Alderman Morling, who at once claimed the 
vessel as the property of the Public Authority, and it was accord- 
ingly secured and added to the collection of antiquities in the 
Corporation Museum. 

A warm expression of thanks is due to Lieut. -Colonel Allport, 
at that time attached to the Military Depot in the town, who 
very kindly informed the writer of the existence of the bowl, 
and thereby prevented it being lost in oblivion or carelessly 
destroyed. 

It is, however, a matter of regret that the discovery of the bowl 
was not known until it had been for some time in the possession of 
an employee of the firm of contractors who made the excavation, 
and as the finder did not recognize the interest associated with the 
object, no observations were made of its immediate surroundings 
when discovered, but so far as I have been able to ascertain 
nothing else was found. 



Bowl and Polished Celt from Eose "Wood, neak 
Ightham. 

Mr. Benjamin Harrison of Ightham has recently presented to 
the Museum a small but imperfect bowl, which he found in con- 
junction with a polished flint implement, near the British Pit- 
village at Rose Wood, near Ightham. 

The bowl, which is unfortunately imperfect, is made of reddish- 
brown clay, containing gravel; it was evidently fashioned In the 
hands, and presents in every way a very rough appearance, especially 
on its outer surface. The dimensions are as follows : height, 
2f inches; diameter of the mouth, 3i inches, and of the base, 
2f inches; there is a slight swelling at the sides, and at one poinl 
there is a rather flat projection f of an inch wide, which was pinched 
out from the clay, and which was probably intended for a handle 
for the thumb and finger to grip, but a portion of it has been 
broken off. 



l.vxviii RESEARCHES AND DISC0VEEIE8 IE KENT. 

•' celt," with which it wai associated at the time of discovery, 
j s a ] sf , j, fcl 1 Mi Benin collection, and is shewn in the accompanying 
Illustration. 

Judging hy the character of the howl and the conditions in 
which it was found, there seems no reason to donbt thai this also is 
.-in example of the 1 ottery of the Neolithic Age. 




T 




CO 






CO 


— 


u 


CM 


I 


— ■ 







z 




— 


Jl 




O 









' Photo by II. Elgar. 
Vubli hed '>>/ permi tion of the Museum Authorities. 




I 







<*JP 



JJ 








> 



■•> 




> 

LU 

h 

H 
O 
D. 

z 
< 





1 



RESEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT, Ixxix 



DISCOVEET OE ROMANO-BRITISH INTERMENTS AT 
STONE, NEAR HARTEOED. 

COMMUNICATED BY MR. E. C. YOUENS. 

Archaeologists are frequently indebted to t lie operations con- 
nected with the manufacture of Portland cement for the discover) 
of ancient remains that otherwise might lie buried for ages. 
A recent instance of this fact lias occurred on the land belonging 
to Messrs. I. C. Johnson and Co., Ltd., at Stone. By the kind 
courtesy of Mr. Douglas Watson, son of C. II. Watson, Esq., J.P., 
of Stone Castle, I am enabled to give particulars of several inter- 
ments, indicating a somewhat extensive Romano-British cemetery, 
on the land south of the high road near Stone Castle. 

The workmen were engaged in removing the soil (about 5 feet 
in depth) above the chalk in 1902, and at about 1 foot G inches 
below the surface turned out the fine specimen of Durobrivian or 
Castor ware (numbered 8 in the accompanying Plate). So little 
consideration did they bestow on this relic that it was cast with the 
soil into the truck below and then thrown out on the marsh. 
Fortunately Mr. Watson heard of this, sought the fragments, and 
fitted them together. The vessel is of a reddish colour, ornamented 
in white slip. It is 7f inches high, 2\ inches diameter at the mouth, 
and 4f inches bulge. 

The next finds all occurred during 1904. The vessels numbered 
2, 3, 5, and 12 were found in a group 2 feet below the surface. 
No. 2 had a few, and No. 3 a large quantity of calcined bones in 
them ; and all four were lying ou their sides. 

Nos. 4, 6, and 7 were next met with 2 feet 9 inches below the 
surface in hard ground, close by the head of a skeleton, lying with 
the feet to the north. No. 4 is red in colour and contained calcined 
bones. The neck and handle of No. 6 is missing — it is somewhat 
peculiar in having a very small orifice. In this grave were found 
the iron objects shewn in the Plate, which seem to indicate burial 
in wooden coffins, and that inhumation and cremation were practised 
concurrently. 



1XXX RESEARCHES AND DISCOVERIES IN KENT. 

The water-goblets (Nos. 1 and 9) and cinerary-urn (No. 11) 
occurred at a depth of 2 feet 6 inches. The latter contained 
calcined bones, and with the w T ater-goblets lay close together on 
their sides. 

The base of No. 13 is missing. It was found in the same grave 
:is the patera, No. 14, 1 foot 6 inches below the surface. 

No. 10 is another specimen of Durobrivian ware of a less ornate 
character than No. 8. It was found in hard ground at a depth of 
2 feet 6 inches. 

The last tind on this land occurred towards the close of last 
year (1901). A skull and some unburn! human bones were met 
with 2 feet inches below the surface, and with them the vessel 
No. 15, which is the only example of Samian ware, all the others, 
except Nos. 8 and 10, being Upchurch. 

It is somewhat curious to note that all the vases were found in 
a recumbent position. 



DIMENSIONS, ETC. 



No. 


Height. 


Mouth. 


Bulge. 


Colour 


1 


6 inches . 


^8 


nches . 


. G i 


nches . 


. Red 


2 


9 „ 


■ 5* 


,, 


. 7 


5> 


» 


3 


11| 


, 


• <t 


„ 


. 9| 


)» 


. Drab 


1 


9 


, 


. 5J 


,, 


• 7* 


,, 


. Bed 


5 


7 


, 


• 2\ 


» 




J> 


. Black 


6 


H 


, 


. — 


3> 


• 4;; 


„ 


. Red 


7 


H 


, 


• 32 


)> 


. 51 


>> 


. Blaok 


8 


n 


, 


• 2 2 


„ 


■ 4j; 


J) 


. Red 


9 


9J 


, 


. 3 


»J * 


• 7A 


>I • 


»> 


10 


6 


) 


. 2 


JJ • 


. 3* 


J5 * 


. Black 


11 


6i 


, 


• 4£ 


,, 


• 6| 


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IGHTHAM MOTE. 

BY HENRY TAYLOR, F.S.A. 

The appearance of this Essay in the pages of the 
Archeeologia, after the interesting paper by Mr. 
J. Oldrid Scott, E.S.A. (in Vol. XXIV.), needs a few 
words of explanation. 

In the years 1899 and 1900 I had the pleasure of 
accompanying Mr. Scott to the building, and in our 
repeated perambulations of the older parts we came 
to the conclusion that certain architectural problems 
could not be solved until careful plans and sections 
to a large scale had been made. 

Mr. Scott's paper being then in print, and required 
by the Editor, I undertook to write a short supple- 
mentary architectural history of the building, dealing 
with some of the questions referred to above, and 
more particularly in explanation of the accompanying 
plans, which have been made by Mr. Spencer Sills of 
Rochester. 

Hitherto the views of Ightham Mote have repre- 
sented the house in a piecemeal manner, from sketches 
made from various points inside and outside of the 
quadrangle ; but a bird's-eye perspective picture, like 
the accompanying excellent drawing by Miss Drake 
of Rochester, is the only possible way of adequately 

vol. xxvii. b 



Z IGHTHAM MOTE. 

representing the general features and arrangements of 
a quadrangular building. 

The members of this Society are probably also 
more or less acquainted with the description of the 
house by Major-General C. E. Luard, published in 
The Builder for 15th July, 1893, and reprinted in 
pamphlet form. 

Several of the problems discussed by him with 
much ability I have not entered upon here, and my 
Paper must, therefore, to a certain extent, be also 
considered as supplementary to his work. 

The buildings and re-buildings having been so very 
numerous and complicated, I have thought it well to 
make no attempt to discriminate them on the plans 
by a variety of shading. 

The delightful gardens and romantic surroundings 
of Ightham Mote have often been described. The 
place is indeed a picture and a poem ; but it is foreign 
to my present undertaking to deal with matters of 
this kind, and for the same reason little or no detail is 
given in these pages as to the history of the families who 
have, for so many centuries, lived here in succession. 

I must therefore refer those who desire information 
on these subjects to the various County Histories, and 
to the papers by Major-General Luard, the Rev. 
C. E. Woodruff, and Mr. J. Oldrid Scott, and to the 
accompanying pedigree of the Selby family, compiled 
by Mr. T. C. Colyer-Fergussou. Suffice it here to say 
that the house stands in charming grounds and amid 
venerable trees, near the bottom of a well- wooded 
valley in a secluded position, about 25 miles in a south- 
easterly direction from London, and 6 miles north of 
the town of Tonbridge. 

Before proceeding to describe the house itself, in 



S3 




jam jttote 

)CK PLAN. 



\ 





To She,. (,„„,„,. 



SO SO JO SO 



IGHTIIAM MOTE. .i 

which the chief interest centres, it may ho well to 
spend a few minutes in glancing at the accompanying 
block plan of the whole premises. 

We notice here an outer quadrangle to the west of 
the mansion, measuring ahout 160 feet from east to 
west, and 90 feet from north to south. At its westerly 
end are ancient buildings in half-timbered architecture, 
highly picturesque in character, now used chiefly as 
cottages, but once in part as stahling. 

The passage through the centre of this group of 
buildings was, I understand, at one time the chief or 
only entrance to the house, the present carriage drive 
from the south being of comparatively modern date. 
The Jacobean fittings of the old stabling have been 
removed to the newer stables near the south-easterly 
corner of the moat. 

The house, as we find it to-day, after endless 
rebuildings, additions, and alterations, consists of a 
completed quadrangle, surrounded by a moat filled by 
springs from the adjacent rising ground. The water 
overflows from it in a southerly direction, into a large 
pond or lake. The moat is about 30 feet wide on the 
south and west sides of the house, 20 feet on the north, 
and averages 18 feet on the east. 

Externally, the measurements of the house are as 
follows : The west or gate house front, 108 feet ; the 
eastern, 110 feet ; the south or kitchen side, 120 feet ; 
and the north 122 feet. 

The chief archa3ological interest of the building is 
centred in the eastern block, which contains, amidst a 
multiplicity of other apartments, the great hall or ban- 
quetting room, and the old chapel, which, as will appear 
hereafter, are of the Decorated period of architecture. 

Although we thus find unmistakeably a date 

b 2 



4 IGHTHAM MOTE. 

unusually early in the annals of English Domestic 
Architecture, it hy no means follows that an earlier 
house may not have been built on this site. 

In endeavouring to trace the dates of the various 
portions of the mansion we may, with a fair amount 
of certainty, conclude that the builders followed more 
or less unconsciously the numerous precedents which 
are to be found in this and other counties; and that 
the eastern block, containing the great hall, chapel, 
kitchens, and a few living and bedrooms, measuring 
roughly 110 feet by 50 feet, was the only part of the 
original house ; and that side wings and gate house 
were added as wealth increased or opportunity 
favoured.* Owing to these almost endless alterations 
and additions, the floors are of very varying levels. 

A clue to some of the interesting architectural 
problems which face us here is to he found in the 
influence of the sun's rays upon generations of previous 
inhabitants. 

In early Mediseval times little attention was 
given — in the placing and planning of houses — to 
the important matters of climate, aspect, or prospect : 
for military exigencies often settled these questions in 
a summary manner. 

The most elementary treatise on house-planning 
tells us that the family wing of a mansion should be 
to the south and west, and the kitchens to the north 
and east; but at Ightham Mote the kitchens were 
placed to the south of the great hall or heart of 
the building, and the family apartments to the north. 

When the owner (whoever he was) in Tudor times 

* Little .Morel. hi Hull, in Cheshire— a celebrated building— the architectural 
history of which I have traced and recorded in vol. xi. N. S. of the Lancashire 
and Cheshire Historic 8ocietv and elsewhere, allbrds an almost exact parallel in 
ihi- paatter of gradual extension, 



IGHTHAM MOTE. 5 

built the new chapel in the north wing, and made 
other extensive alterations in the mansion, it is 
obvious that considerations of this kind never crossed 
his mind ; for, had he at that time grasped the 
importance of such ideas he would doubtless have 
reversed the arrangements of his predecessors, trans- 
ferring the kitchens and servants' apartments to the 
north side of the quadrangle ; he would have made 
the present lofty kitchens into a magnificent ball- 
room or withdrawing room, and have devoted the 
whole of the south wing and a portion of the west 
to family uses. 

A more customary and convenient position for the 
new chapel would have been north of the gate house, 
in the west side of the quadrangle, more easily 
accessible for tenants from the outside than is that 
chosen by the builder in Henry VIII. 's time. 

The kitchen apartments would thus have been con- 
veniently all together, whereas some of them are now 
at the southern end of the building, and others in the 
extreme north, separated by a multiplicity of narrow 
winding and dark passages, and quite 100 feet apart. 

Probably, however, the question of the orientation 
of the chapels may have had a determining influence 
on some of these arrangements. In early Mediaeval 
times indeed an almost superstitious regard was paid 
to this subject.* 



* I ma}' mention as an instance the highly interesting house, Old Soar, in 
this locality, built at the same time (about the reign of Edward II.) and loop- 
holed for defence, standing in an isolated position two and a half miles south-easl 
from the village of Ightham. Here the domestic chapel was built at an angle 
of the house apparently square with it, but in reality twisted round so a- to 
orientate with extreme precision. This peculiarity, however, is not shewn on the 
plans which appeared in a previous volume <>t the Archceo/ofjia, nor on the plan 
in Parker's Domestic Architecture. Another remarkable instance occurs at 
Qoghton Tower, near Preston, a plan of which is given in my work on Old 
Halls in Lancashire and Cheshire. 



6 ightham mote. 

The Great Hall or Banquetting Boom. 

The date of this apartment is fixed unerringly by 
the mouldings of the doors, windows, and roof, and by 
the character of the corbels which support it. 

They all belong to the Decorated period of archi- 
tecture, which lasted from about the year 1270 to the 
year 13S0, covering a good part of the reigns of tbe 
first three Edwards and of Richard II. 

The accompanying table of architectural periods 
may perhaps prove of some use to the non- professional 
reader. 

The apartment is 30 feet long and 20 feet wide, and 
measures from floor to ridge of roof 37 feet 6 inches, 
and from floor to top of wall plate 19 feet. At the 
end of the room, opposite the high table, and thus in 
the customary place, were twin doors leading the one 
to the kitchen and the other to the buttery or pantry. 
One of these has been converted into a cupboard, but 
the other remains intact. An arcade of three doors is, 
however, often found in this position, as at Penshurst, 
leading respectively to kitchen, buttery, and pantry. 

A third opening in this wall was made in 1872 
during the alterations carried out by Mr. Norman 
Shaw, u lieu the outer door was screened off from the 
hall lor the purpose of making the room more habit- 
able. The wall pierced by these doors is £ feet in 
thickness. The other walls of this room are only 
2 feet inches thick. 

It is don hi t'nl it' die customary "through passage" 
al the servants' end of the hall ever existed here, for 
the position of the beautiful Decorated window on the 
south side of the fireplace seems to preclude the 
possibility of our entertaining any such idea. This 



IGHTHAM MOTE. 



TABLE OP ARCHITECTURAL PERIODS. 



A.D. 

1200 
1250 
1300 
1350 

1400 

1450 
1500 

1550 

1600 

1650 



W 



w 



to 

o 



o 



bo 
a 

oS 



.3 






CJ 



Henry II. 1154 

Richaed I. 1189 

John 1199 

TIknky III. 1216 

Edward I. 1272 

Edward II. 1307 

Edward III. 1327 

Richard II. 1377 

Henry IV. 1399 

Henry V. 1413 

Henry VI. 1422 

Edward IV. 1461 

Edward V. 1483 

Richard III. 1483 

Henry VII. 1485 

Henry VIII. 1509 

Edward VI. 1" l" 

Mary 1553 

Elizabeth 15.">n 

James I. 1603 

CHARLES 1. 1625 
( lOMMONWEAl I'M 1649 

Charles II. 1660 



1700 



8 IGUTUAM MOTE. 

window is of two lights ; it is transomed, and the head 
tilled with characteristic delicate tracery. The grace- 
ful curtain arch demands especial notice. 

Hardly any daylight now enters the great hall 
through this window, for the ancient courtyard to the 
east of it — ahout 20 feet square — has heen filled up 
with outhouses used for dairy and other purposes. A 
reminiscence of the traditional through passage is, 
however, suggested by the position of the ancient east ! 
doorway and bridge over the moat, which are almost 
exactly opposite to the west entrance door of the great 
hall ; but to cross the moat from the quadrangle over 
tiiis bridge a circuitous route through various apart- 
ments has to be taken. 

In the middle of a Midsummer day a blaze of light 
enters the apartment through a fine five-light window 
in the west wall. It is of the Perpendicular period, 
and is clearly an insertion, possibly taking the place 
of either one or two windows, which would match that 
just described, with transom and curtain arch. 

'Ihe fireplace (7 feet in width) is exactly in the 
middle of the east wall, and is of a comparatively late 
date, possibly superseding one coeval with the older 
parts of the house; although it must be remembered 
that in houses of early date this apartment was fre- 
quently warmed by braziers, or indeed not at all. The 
first of these alternatives receives support, however, 
from the eccentric position of the stone arch, which 
crosses the room on the southerly side of the fireplace. 

A more sensible place; for it would have been mid- 
way between the north and south walls, so as to 
equalize the bearing of those of the roof timbers 
which rest upon it; but the builders probably put it 
some feet more to the south so that it should not rest 



4-* 



< 

z 
o 

- 

■I — 

i z 







IGHTIIAM MOTE. \) 

on the thin tympanum wall of the bell-mouthed fire- 
place. 

We find here, in the steep pitch and loftiness of the 
roof, a feature characteristic of these early halls ; it is 
open timbered and constructed with framed spars, 
those against the two gable walls being elaborated 
into half principals, carried by carved corbels in the 
angles of the apartment. 

The roof is strengthened by a longitudinal beam 
placed immediately under the collars of the framed 
spars. The bearing is shortened by curved moulded 
struts from each end of the apartment and from each 
side of the stone arch. 

This method of strengthening roof timbers has 
been too much abandoned by modern architects for 
economy's sake ; for such strutting adds much to the 
rigidity of the roof.* 

The corbel in the south-east corner consists of a 
grotesque human figure, crushed down by the weight 
of the roof which rests upon it. One arm helps to 
bear the weight of the head. 

In the south-west angle of the room the corbel 
represents a man w r ith drapery over his head, carrying 
the weight on a cushion on his back. He is "making 
a mouth," that is, two of the fingers of each hand are 
pulling his mouth open at the corners. 

The north-eastern corbel represents a female 
figure playing on a drum; her shoulders bear the 
weight. 

The corbel in the north-west corner shews a male 
figure seated ; hands on knees, shoulders carrying 
the weight. 

* An excellent example is to be seen in the great roof of the Cloth Hall 
at Ypres. 



10 IGHTHAM MOTE. 

The stone arch described above is similarly 
supported. The carvings are of an interesting kind. 
That in the east wall represents a male figure seated, 
smiling humorously, right hand twisted round to 
carry weight ; book on right knee, hand on left knee. 

The corbel in the west wall : male figure kneeling 
on right knee, weight on back, right hand on hip, 
helping to support weight of arch ; head on left hand, 
elbow on knee. 

The pointed doorway in the northerly end of the 
east wall, leading off to the principal staircase, old 
chapel, and at one time the family apartments, is of 
the Decorated period, resembling the other work of 
that date in this house in its delicate beauty and 
refinement. 

Additional evidence — if that were wanting — as to 
the early date of the apartment is to be found in the 
absence of so many features, which by a process of 
evolution came to be added in the course of time, from 
the fourteenth to the beginning of the seventeenth 
century, to supply the wants of an increasingly 
luxurious age. 

The earliest halls were little more than stately 
barns with grand and massive roofs, with the high 
table on its step or steps at one end of the room, and 
sometimes a log fire burning in tin; middle. At meal 
times tin' servants brought in their tables, trestles, 
and tonus. The windows were few and small, and for 
safety and seclusion often raised many feet above the 
floor. Doors led oil' from the high table to the family 
single Living room or rooms, and doors at the other end 
to the kitchen and servants' apart ments. There were, 
besides, doors al each end of the usual through passage. 
The process of evolution then began. The blinding 



IGHTHAM MOTE. 11 

smoke from the wood fire on the central hearth was 90 
unendurable that a louvre in the roof over it had to 
be erected. 

The draughts were so wild from the imperfectly 
heated apartment, and from the six or seven doors 
which opened into it, that a canopy came to be placed 
right across the room over the high table, and a screen 
across the opposite end, shutting off the wind from 
the doors there. 

Then the need of amusement was felt, and a 
gallery for musicians and strolling players was placed 
over the screens, so that performances could be 
witnessed by persons seated at the high table. 

The apartments in these early halls were very few. 
In later times, to escape the boisterous mirth which 
ensued after dinner, the ladies retired to a withdrawing 
room or smaller hall, access to which was had by one 
or two doors behind the high table ; but a refuge was 
often made by the insertion of a great bay window or 
ladies' bower, at one or sometimes at both ends of the 
high table, as at Speke Hall, Lancashire, and Harden 
Ilall, Cheshire. This recess or snuggery occasionally 
had a small fireplace in it, and on plan it varied 
greatly : sometimes it was square ; in other cases it 
terminated hexagonally, octagonally, or formed part 
of a duodecagon. 

The louvre in the roof was a clumsy contrivance, 
for though it let out some of the smoke, it let down a 
vast amount of icily cold air, and so it came to be 
abolished, as at Rufford, where this structure remains, 
but is boarded up underneath. 

A great fireplace or inglenook was then usually 
inserted in one of the side walls. At RuiVord this 
was done when the dilapidated south wall was rebuilt 



12 IGHTHAM MOTE. 

in late Tudor times in stone. But the largest fire in 
cold weather would hardly raise the temperature above 
freezing point ; and in modern times, when the owners 
of some of these old houses have begun again to use 
this apartment, a heating apparatus of some kind has 
been found to be absolutely necessary. 

At Ightham Mote the features of a fully developed 
great hall, when the apartment had reached its climax 
towards the end of the reign of Henry VIII., are 
mostly wanting. They are, as we have seen, the dais 
step and canopy, the through passage and screens, the 
musicians' gallery, and the ladies' bower. 

The rise, decline, and practical abolition of this 
apartment in the history of English houses during the 
Mediaeval period can be readily seen by glancing at 
the numerous plans in my book on Old Halls in 
Lancashire and Cheshire^ which range from early in 
the fourteenth century, as at Baguley Hall in Cheshire, 
to many like Hoghton Tower, built two centuries 
afterwards. In these later houses, all the features 
which had by degrees been found to be desirable or 
necessary were embodied in the plan before the house 
was built, as a matter of course. 

The great hall at Ightham Mote has in compara- 
tively recent times been handsomely panelled round 
in oak, and the walls above it are decorated with line 
old tapestries. 

The Early Chapel and Crypt. 

Contiguous to the great hall and fronting the moat 
is a cellar or crypt, vaulted over with pointed stone 
arching, the scheme of which is shown on the accom- 
panying ground plan. It measures internally ID feet 



^7v^ 








r 



IGHTHAM MOTE. 13 

from east to west and 11 feet G inches from north to 
south. The walls are nearly d feel thick. The room 
is lit by a two-li"ht window of Decorated date in its 
east wall. Above the crypt there is, at the present 
time, a two-storied building, in which it is obvious 
there have been from time to time various alterations. 

There can be little doubt, I think, that this 
structure was once the Domestic Chapel, superseded 
and converted into two bedrooms by the insertion of 
a floor and fireplaces. The work would be done 
when the newer chapel in the north wing of the 
building was erected in the sixteenth century. The 
bedroom immediately above the crypt is now lit by a 
three-light window, and that above it by a two-light 
window, both in the middle of the east wall. 

Some recent alterations in the upper bedroom and 
the removal of the plaster have revealed the existence 
of a fine open-timbered wagon-shaped roof of massive 
framed spars. 

The height from the floor of the bottom bedroom 
to the underside of the collar or tie-beam of the framed 
spars is about 19 feet, and its size on plan is 22 feet 
6 inches from east to west and 13 feet 6 inches from 
north to south. 

At the west end of the lower bedroom is a beautiful 
stone doorway, with moulded capitals and arch of the 
Decorated period, and in the same wall, but more to 
the south, is a partially blocked-up opening between 
this apartment and the oriel room of the same archi- 
tectural period as the door. 

It has a beautifully moulded and cusped head, and 
is 1 foot 9 inches in width and 2 feet 1< inches in 
height. The sill is 2 feet 2 inches from the floor. 
This opening is mortised for iron stanchions, and 



14 IGHTHA.M MOTE. 

appears to have been made so that persons in the oriel 
room could take part in the services. It has been 
suggested that this hole or recess was at one time 
a piscina, but the position negatives this conjecture ; 
and it is not likely to have been an aumbrey. 

Mr. Scott, after a careful examination of the three- 
light window, came to the conclusion that it was of 
the Decorated period. He writes : " The window 
has lost its head, but if it is looked at from the outside, 
it will be seen that the section of its jambs and 
mullions arc identical with those of a two-light 
window below [the crypt window], which retains its 
fourteenth-century head and cusping." 

It is likely, therefore, that this was the lower 
portion of a fine and lofty window, with a pointed 
head, and that when the alterations were made its 
upper portion was removed and the present lintel 
inserted ; and at the same time the two-light window 
above it was placed in the present position to light the 
upper bedroom. 

The gable, indeed, was probably at this time in 
whole or in part rebuilt. An alternative hypothesis is, 
that the chapel had always a flat ceiling, and that the 
room over it was the Priests' apartment. 

That the fireplaces in these two rooms were 
inserted in Tudor times is clear from their archi- 
tect ural character. 

The Oriel Room. 

This room, which lias undergone various alterations 
in the course of time. \v;is as lias already been men- 
tioned — one of the principal apartments of the house 
a- built in the early Decorated period, and was 



IGHTHAM MOTE. 15 

probably the retiring room for the ladies after the 
meals in the great hall. The floor is practically on 
the same level as that of the old chapel adjoining it. 
It has a massive open timbered roof, and the beauty 
of the barge boards facing the quadrangle has been 
commented on by Mr. J. Oldrid Scott in his paper 
printed in a previous Volume. This apartment in 
Mediaeval houses was often called the Solar. 

The Second or Tudor Chapel. 

This charming apartment is in the north wing of 
the house, its altar facing nearly due east. Excellent 
internal perspective views of it are given in iNash's 
Mansions of the Olden Time. Access to it is gained 
externally by a flight of steps in the north-west corner 
of the quadrangle, and from the house itself by doors 
at its eastern and western ends. The length is 38 feet 
and the width 15 feet. A tiny apartment behind the 
communion table may have been a confessional. 

The chapel is carried on a series of pillars, forming 
at one time a kind of short cloister, open to the quad- 
rangle. The space between these pillars, however, 
has now been filled in, forming a conservatory. The 
fenestration of the chapel (as was the custom in late 
Tudor times) is ample, for the six windows flood the 
apartment with a pleasant light. Two of them con- 
tain stained glass. 

The roof is counterceiled with moulded ribs, the 
shape being that of a four-centered Tudor arch. The 
spaces between the ribs are richly ornamented with 
the portcullis and other Tudor ornamentation. A 
screen divides the sanctuary from the rest of the 
chapel, which contains stalls and a canopied pulpit. 



10 ightham mote. 

The Gate House. 

The gate house stands in the middle of the western 
side of the building, opposite to the great hall, thus 
following numerous ancient precedents. 

On plan it measures 21 feet square externally and 
is three storeys in height. The passage through 
it into the quadrangle is only 7 feet 6 inches in 
width. 

On the right hand or southerly side of this passage, 
in the bottom stage of the gate house, is a dungeon, 
reached by a staircase from above. 

On the opposite side of the passage was the porter's 
lodge, now forming part of the billiard room. 

On this northerly side of the entrance gate-way is 
a curious arrangement for holding parley with enemies 
or with persons of doubtful character. A narrow slit 
in the outside wall, which twists round at right angles 
to the south, enabled a safe conversation to be held 
between the porter and a suspect, or a document to be 
handed in by a person standing on the bridge. It is 
shewn on the accompanying ground plan. 

Several problems face us in connection with the 
date or dates of the erection of this gate house. Both 
the architectural and documentary evidence, however, 
shew that the greater part of it, if not the whole, was 
built towards the end of the fifteenth century ; but, as 
Mr. Scott points out, the mouldings of the entrance 
stone archway appear to belong to an earlier period. 
A close examination of tins west front of the tower 
leads to the conclusion on the face of it that the whole 
wall from the ground to the parapet was built con- 
temporaneously. This may not, however, be actually 
the case, and the lower portion of the tower may 



IGHTHAM MOTE. 17 

really be more ancient than the upper, a pause of half 
a century or more in its erection having taken place. 
On the other hand, this doorway belonging to an older 
epoch may have been preserved and rebuilt with the 
tower in the fifteenth century ; or General Luard's 
suggestion is possible, that by some fancy the builders 
imitated mouldings of an earlier date, although few 
successful examples are to be found where this plan 
was adopted in such a way as to escape detection by 
modern experts. 

Parker's A. B. C. of Gothic Architecture concludes 
with an interesting chapter on this subject, in which 
notice is drawn to the attempt made in Oxford in 
the seventeenth century to erect buildings of a Gothic 
character at a time when a knowledge of the history 
of Gothic mouldings had become extinct. 

On the other hand, we all know how difficult it is 
to distinguish the character of the mouldings of build- 
ings which were erected at the end of the Decorated 
and at the beginning of the Perpendicular periods ; 
for the change from the one style to the other was of 
an extremely gradual character. 

General Luard has thus speculated on some of the 
difficulties to which I have alluded above : — 

"The archway leading into the quadrangle from 
the west is faced with an obtusely-pointed Perpen- 
dicular arch .... it, and the windows above it on 
both sides of the tower, correspond to the work of the 
latter part of the fifteenth century. In the glass of 
one window, that on the first floor of the tower look- 
ing towards the quadrangle, the arms of Sir Richard 
Clement are exhibited, but we cannot accept this as 
sufficient evidence of his having had much to do with 
the erection of the tower, more especially as its 

VOL. XXVII. C 



18 IGHTHAM MOTE. 

general character is entirely different from that of the 
chapel on the north side of the house, which was 
almost certainly his work about fifty years subse- 
quently. It is a singular fact that this window differs 
in the tracery of the lightheads and in its mouldings 
from the window above it and from the windows on 
the west face of the tower, all of which correspond 
precisely with, and are apparently by the same hand 
as the mullioned window of the hall on the east side 
of the quadrangle. It is also of a different width and 
proportion and does not immediately underlie the 
window above it. The explanation is probably to be 
found in the corbelled-out chimney of the room on the 
second floor of the tower, which has apparently been 
an afterthought. It is therefore very possible that 
this chimney and window were subsequently inserted 
by Sir Richard Clement, who, at the same time, put 
his coat of arms in the window, but that the tower 
itself was built about I486 by Edward Haut, who was 
well favoured by Henry VII. for his father's sacrifices 
in the Lancastrian cause." 

There are no visible signs above ground of a draw- 
bridge, but on the ground plan of the house in General 
Luard's pamphlet there are some dotted lines under 
the western bridge over the moat, which the author 
culls "old foundation for outer end of drawbridge." 

The massive and venerable oak entrance doors (in 
one of which is a wicket) are illustrated in Parker's 
Domestic Architecture, vol. iii., part ii. 

Tin; framing is in deep relief, with linen roll panels 
and well studded with nails. A turret has recently 
been added to the staircase by the present owner. 
Between the windows in the west side of the tower is 
a stone panel, on which are carved the arms of the 



IGHTHAM MOTE. 1 ( J 

Selby family, who owned the property and lived here 
for about three hundred years. 

The Withdrawing Room. 

The withdrawing room is 12 feet long and 17 feel 
inches wide. It occupies the north-westerly corner 
of the building ou the first floor, and is thus adjacenl 
to the gate house and chapel. 

The apartment is lit by a large three-light Jacobean 
window in the north gable, and by a three-light Per- 
pendicular window in the west wall ; but many are 
the alterations which have taken place. Various 
windows have been blocked up, and there seems some 
reason for the supposition that this portion of the 
house was at one time three, instead of two storeys in 
height, as at present. 

A fine chimney-piece of Jacobean date attracts our 
notice. It occupies a considerable portion of the 
south end of the apartment. A smaller fireplace of 
recent date is in the north-west corner of the room. 

General Luard tells us that the walls of this room 
are hung with Chinese paper supposed to be about 
two hundred years old. It has an excellent effect. 
Above it is a carved oak frieze, a portion of the orna- 
ment being Saracens' heads, the Selby crest. The 
frieze is decorated in gold and colour. 

The Billiard Room. 

This fine apartment, until recently a lumber room, 
has been handsomely fitted up in full agreement with 
the spirit of the old work, by Mr. T. C. Colyer-Fergusson. 
It occupies the north-westerly corner of the building, 

c 2 



20 IGHTHAM MOTE. 

under the withdrawing room, and is 40 feet in length 
and 15 feet 6 inches in width. 

Genera] Luard surmises that this part of the house 
may date from the eleventh century, basing his con- 
jecture upon the character of the narrow windows in 
the east wall of the billiard room, but it remains to be 
proved that they are actually of ancient date. 

In the north-easterly corner of the room are steps 
leading down into the moat and used occasionally for 
bathing purposes. 

The Library. 

The library occupies nearly the whole of the south 
wing of the building on the ground floor, and in the 
course of time has undergone various changes. From 
the varying thicknesses of the walls and from other 
indications it is clear that two rooms have been thrown 
into one, this charming apartment, full of interesting 
books and old furniture, being now 37 feet long. At 
its easterly end the south wall is 3 feet 6 inches in 
thickness, and it seems likely that the south wing of 
the house may have terminated where this thick 
wall ends. The chimney-pieces arc both of them 
interesting. 

The Morning Room. 

This apartment, one of the pleasantest in this 
rambling old house, lias a western aspect, and is 
situated to the south of the gatehouse on the ground 
floor. It is reached from the great hall through the 
library, and is 28 feet long and 15 feet wide. The 
chimney-piece, fittings, and furniture all take one back 
to luxurious Jacobean times. 



IGliTHAM MOTE. L>1 

The Bedrooms. 

The whole of the south wing has been of recenl 
years devoted to nurseries, and here a corridor lias 
been formed next the quadrangle, so that the whole 
of these rooms now have a cheerful sunny aspect, 
looking over the moat to the south. 

The bedrooms on the south side of the gatehouse 
have a thoroughly old-fashioned appearance, and here 
is a considerable amount of the linen-fold oak panelling. 

The oriel room and other bedrooms have been 
already referred to. The bachelor bedrooms to the 
north-east were in a dilapidated condition when Mr. 
T. C. Colyer-Fergusson came into possession of the 
property, but have now been thoroughly repaired. 

The Kitchens. 

The lofty kitchen with wide fireplace is in the 
south-east corner of the building, and is probably the 
original one, built at the same time as the great hall 
and early chapel. The entrance to it is through a small 
doorway of Tudor date. Tin's is coupled with a similar 
doorway, which appears to have been a buttery hatch. 

Passing from the kitchen northwards we come to 
an almost endless number of most irregularly shaped 
pantries, and other servants' apartments, occupying 
nearly the whole length of the house and overlooking 
the moat. A portion of this space was at one time an 
open courtyard, as already mentioned. 

The Staircases. 

As in all quadrangular buildings without corridors, 
the staircases are numerous. The chief of these is at 



22 IGHTHAM MOTE. 

the north-easterly side of the great hall, and is mainly 
of Jacobean date. It leads up to the oriel room, the 
early chapel and one or two bedrooms adjoining, in 
which the details are mostly of the Decorated period. 
The position and form of the staircase which it sup- 
planted cannot now be determined with accuracy. 
Probably it was circular on plan, and may have been 
either of stone or of oak. Another staircase, at one 
time circular on plan, is between the kitchen and the 
great hall. 

A third, of much greater importance, is of Jacobean 
workmanship, and occupies the south-west corner of 
the building. 

A fourth staircase, as has been already mentioned, 
is to be found in the gatehouse ; and a fifth, leading 
up from the courtyard to the Tudor chapel and the 
withdrawing room. 

Building Materials. 

The great variety of materials which have been 
used — apparently in a fitful and erratic manner — in 
the course of centuries in the building, and in the 
various rebuildings of the walls of this house, whether 
we view them from the outside or from the inside of 
the quadrangle, invites particular notice. 

Such an examination of the structure leads us to 
the conclusion that, generally speaking, the whole or 
nearly the whole of the bottom storey was originally 
built in stone, and the parts above it in the half- 
timbered or black and white style. 

When houses are so built in modern times by 
skilled architects, elaborate provision is made to prevent 
the intrusion of rain blown in through the crevices 



IGILTHAM MOTE. T-\ 

between the wooden framing and the plaster panels, 
and the consequent disintegration of the materials by 
frost. 

Such provision was hardly ever thought of in 
Medieeval times, and consequently in those count its 
of England (and in those parts of the Continent of 
Europe) where this style of architecture prevailed, 
various devices were adopted to mitigate or cure the 
evil. It is on the south and west, or weather sides, 
that this difficulty chiefly occurs, and in Lancashire 
and Cheshire particularly many ingenious devices are 
to be seen in the half-timbered houses which abound 
in those northern counties. 

At Ightham Mote (as will be seen hereafter) parts 
of this black and white work have been plastered over 
externally; others have been rebuilt in stone or in 
brick, and in other cases the old half-timbered work 
has been replaced by new. 

These changes, which have occurred at various 
times, have, at least in some portions of the structure, 
added a charm and pieturesqucness which wen; origin- 
ally wanting. 

The nort h elcvat ion in particular, not being ex-posed 
to driving south-westerly storms, remains much as it 
was at first, though it is not all of Perpendicular date. 

The red tiles, now charmingly weathered, with 
which the roofs are covered, look almost as well as the 
grey stone slabs used so much in old times for this 
purpose in Lancashire, Cheshire, Oxfordshire, and in 
some other counties. 

In the old half-timbered houses of England we are 
all struck by the beaut i I'u 1 effects produced in Lighl 
and shade by the corbellinu'-out of each storey one 
above the other, and are apt to attribute this feature 



24 IGHTHAM MOTE. 

to the superior artistic capacity of Mediaeval architects; 
but the real reason why the plan came to be so 
generally adopted was a more practical one — the 
necessity for preserving the walls, constructed of 
materials so easily injured, from the disintegrating 
effects of rain and frost. 

In the choice of materials a determining reason 
was the vicinity on the one hand of forests of oak, or 
on the other of good building stone, and the nearness 
or absence of good roads or of convenient water-ways. 

The Quadrangle. 

The quadrangle, which has so often provided a 
subject for the artist's pencil, measures across the 
centre 75 feet from north to south, and 52 feet from 
east to west. On reference to the plan it will be seen 
that the angles are not all rectangles. 

The views in this courtyard are highly picturesque : 
standing in the south-west corner we have before us 
the west elevation of the great hall, details of which 
arc given on a previous page. The main features 
which strike the eye from this position arc the great 
five-light window, the low doorway of Decorated 
period, much time-worn, but fortunately " unrestored." 
The height of this door is onlv 7 feet 2 inches from 
the floor to the apex of the arch ; the width is 4 feet 
8 inches. The shafts have delicately moulded capitals 
and so had the bases. The label mould is terminated 
on eaeli side with beautifully carved heads, similar 
in character and date to those within the apartment. 
Between the greal window and the door is the but- 
tress, which takes the thrust of the stone arch already 
described. 




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IGHTHAM MOTE. 25 

To the north of the great hall on this facade are 
the highly picturesque gables of the oriel room and 
the adjoining- apartment, with which we are all so 
familiar, huilt in timber and plaster. 

Looking- from the same standpoint the eye falls 
upon the southerly elevation of the second or Tudor 
chapel, built in similar material, with its colonnade, 
and upon the picturesque gable of the staircase, in the 
upper part of which is the clock and bell turret. 

Changing our position to the north-east corner of 
the quadrangle, we again see before us a good deal 
that is picturesque and interesting. 

In the east elevation, the central and prominent 
feature is the back of the gatehouse, the wall 
strengthened by two sturdy buttresses, that on the 
northerly side of the archway being carried up to the 
top of the building, and that on the south supporting 
a corbelled-out fireplace and chimney. 

On the ground floor the entrance archway, which is 
about 7 feet 6 inches in width, has been modernized. 
Over it are two three-light windows in late Gothic style. 

The parapet is wholly in brick of the thin ancient 
kind, and so is a portion of the south wall below it. 

The north elevation does not call for any particular 
remark, as it has undergone considerable alteration 
for the worse rather than for the better. 

The West Eront.* 

The indications are numerous that much rebuilding 
i gone on at vari 
front of the house. 



has gone on at various dates throughout this western 



* The description of the west side of the gatehouse will be found under the 
heading " Gate liouse." 



26 IGHTHAM MOTE. 

The whole of the west elevation is now built of 
stone. The walls of the bottom storey (with the 
exception of the gatehouse) are 3 feet 6 inches in 
thickness. Those of the upper storey are, however, 
much thinner, that on the southerly side of the gate- 
house being only about 18 inches thick, and there can 
be little doubt that this portion was at one time built 
in timber and plaster. 

Both in the lower and upper storey on this 
southerly side of the gatehouse there are three small 
two-light Tudor windows, having a somewhat monoto- 
nous appearance. 

On the northerly side of the gatehouse there are 
three similar windows lighting the billiard room. 
Above is the long withdrawing room, somewhat 
inadequately lit, for besides the Jacobean three-light 
window to the north already referred to, the only 
other window at present is one of three lights in the 
middle of the western side of the room ; but two or 
more other windows adjoining it have clearly been at 
one time or another built up. 

The East T'ront. 

Again, alterations and rebuildings have here been 
frequent and fortuitous, but the result is happily most 
picturesque and charming. 

The combination of building materials is indeed 
most remarkable. Standing in front of this elevation, 

on tlic left we have the massive stone walling of the 

lofty kitchen, surmounted by a line stack of rod-brick 
chimneys, and we catch a glimpse of the side of the 
ualf-timbered gable terminating the overhanging first 

Storey portion of the south elevation. 




EAST ELEVAT 



IGHTHAM MOTE 




< ROS8 SECTION THROUGH GREAT HALL 




61TUD1NAL SECTION THROUGH GREAT WALL 



IGHTHAM MOTE. 27 

Carrying the eye along this east elevation in a 
northerly direction, we come to a multiplicity of gables, 
hipped and otherwise, and to mucli black and white or 
half-timbered work of varying dates, with brick and 
stone walling, in picturesque confusion. And here 
again fine, tall, ancient chimney-stacks in brick 
delight the eye. 

Archseologically the most interesting feature is 
the stone gabled wall over the crypt, particulars of 
which will be found under the heading of the " Early 
Chapel." 

Next in interest is the old doorway and bridge over 
the moat. 

The whole of this front is beautifully painted with 
browns, yellows, and greys, by moss and lichen growth, 
and the effects of age. Charming little ferns and 
delicate creepers are growing up from the moat on the 
walls and bridge — indeed this vegetation might take 
a botanist many hours to describe. This side of the 
house is overshadowed by grand old yews, firs, limes, 
and other trees with weird projecting roots. 

The South Front. 

As some of the preceding notes have indicated, the 
south front has suffered from the ravages of wind, rain, 
and frost. Hie wall of the bottom storey is of stone, 
and from the very varying thicknesses in different 
apartments we have indications that this bottom stage 
at least may have been built at quite different epochs, 
and the great want of uniformity in the windows 
supports this theory. 

A single-light window in the servants' hall is 
clearly of Decorated date. 



28 IGHTHAM MOTE. 

Above this bottom storey the rooms were corbelled 
out over the moat to the extent of about 2 feet in half- 
timbered work, but owing to dilapidations at some 
unknown period the whole of the upper portion 
has been cemented over, producing a somewhat 
monotonous and cardboard effect. 

Tue North Fbont. 

With tht' exception of the gable end of the with- 
drawing room and a short piece of adjoining wall, 
whieh are of stone, the whole of this front in the upper 
storey is of half-timbered work mainly in its original 
state. The central portion (which forms the north 
side of the Tudor chapel) is corbelled out over the 
moat to the extent of about 3 feet. 

The bottom storey throughout is of stone. The 
somewhat pretentious three-light Jacobean window in 
the north gable of the withdrawing room has an 
incongruous appearance amidst so much work of an 
earlier period. 

On this side of the house the garden is very beau- 
tiful, lor here are spacious lawns and magnificent old 
yew hedges, with venerable cedars and fine firs. 

The garden rises here to the north and forms a 
wide terrace. 

Tue Bridges. 

The principal bridge is of stone, and leads over the 
moat to the gatehouse. There are some indications 
thai the ^iflc walls were at one time of wood. 

A.R already mentioned, General Luard has shewn 

on his plan what he calls ihe old t'oundat ion for the 
oilier end of the draw bridge. 



IOHTHAM MOTE. 29 

A second bridge, manifestly of ancient date, crosses 
the moat from the doorway Leading from the back 
yard, previously described, to the cast of the great 
hall. (See " East Elevation.") 

A third bridge crosses the moat on the north side 
of the house, giving an easy access from the quadrangle 
to the howling green. This is a wooden bridge of 
rather li"*ht construction. 



■->■ 



The Old Barn. 

This fine old building is situated at the back of 
the house on rising ground, and on entering we feel 
almost as if we were in a church, for the barn is 
divided into what at first sight looks like a nave and 
aisles, by the five grand roof principals, leading fea- 
tures of which are the massive posts representing the 
columns of a nave arcade. This roof is strengthened 
in good old-fashioned style with an abundance of 
struts and wind braces. 



30 



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SELBY FAMILY OF IGHTHAM MOTE. 33 

NOTES ON PEDIGREE. 

The early pari of this Pedigree is taken from one made by the 
late Dr. J. J. Howard, Maltra\ v ere Herald, in the possession of the 
Compiler. 

Owing to a gap in the Ightham Eegisters I am unable to make 
the foregoing Pedigree as perfect as I should wish. For instance, 
the burial of William Selby, who was born 1632, does not appear, 
but it must have taken place early in the eighteenth century. 

There is a pedigree at Heralds' College in which William Selby 
is said to have had twelve children by his first wife Susanna Kainey, 
of whom only five daughters survived. 

The baptism of his son John, who succeeded him at the Mote, 
is wanting. 

The burial of Dorothy, Lady Selby, in 1641 is missing, but the 
date of her death is known from the fine tomb in the chancel of 
Ightham Church to her memory. 

There are also fine recumbent figures of the two Sir AVilliam 
Selbys, uncle and nephew, in Ightham Church, but there are no 
other tablets or memorials to the family. 

In the Mote pew there is a tablet to Sir John and Lady Howell, 
both died 1682, the parents of Lady Selby and Mrs. William Selby. 

Mrs. John Selby nee Gifford and her daughter Mary are buried 
in the chancel of Eynsford Church, with a slab to their memory. 

Sir Henry Selby and his second wife and son are buried at 
Pembury without any monuments. 

At Ridley there is a Chalice given in 1703 by Mrs. Jane Selby, 
wife of William Selby of the Mote and daughter of the Rev. Henry 
Stacy, Rector of Ridley. 

The last burial of the Selby family is that of Mrs. Luard Selby, 
eldest daughter of Mr. Prideaux John Selby of Twizell and the 
Mote. She came into possession of the Mote in 1867 on the death 
of her father. 



IGHTHAM REGISTERS. 

Baptisms of Selby Family. 

1657 John the sonne of William Selby and Susanna his wife; borne the 

seventeenth day of September. 

1658 William y e son of William Selby, gent. ; borne on y e 11 th day of December. 
1660 Katherine the Daughter of William Selby, gent., and Susanna his wife ; 

borne on the eleaventh day of December & baptised on the twenty and 
sixth day. 
VOL. XXVII. D 



34 SELBT FAMILY OF 1GHTHAM MOTE. 

1G02 Susanna filia Gulielnii Selby, generosi, et Susanuae uxoris ejus ; nata 

6 April, baptisata 14 Septerab. 
1663 Elisabetba filia Guliclmi Selby, gen., ex Susanna uxore ejus; nata 3 Sept., 

baptisata 24 Septemb. 
1608 Katherina & Jana filine Gulielnii Selby, Armig', et gemell ex uxore 

Susanna; nata; 17, Baptisata? L8 Maij. 

1671 Dorothea filia Gulielnii Selby, Armig', ex uxore Elisabetba; nata 21, 

Baptisata 23 Janu v . 

1672 Gulielmus filius Gulielmi Selby, Armig', ex uxore Elisabetba ; natus IS, 

baptisatus 17 Junij. 
I»i7:i Georgius filius Gulielmi Selby, Armig', ex uxore Elisabetba; natus et 

Baptisatus August 1". 
1»;7I Heuricus filius Gulielmi Selby, Armig', ex uxore; natus 15 et Baptisatus 

26 Janu rv . 

1676 Thomas filius Gulielmi Selby, Armig', ex uxore Elizabeths ; natus 20, 

baptisatus 22 Junij. 

1677 Radulphus filius Gulielnii Selby, Armig', ex uxore Elizabetha ; natus 8 

& BaptizatUB 17 th Decembris. 

1678 Franciscus filius Gulielmi Selby, Armig', ex uxore Elisabetba; natus 4, 

baptizatus 9 Februarij. 
1745 May 23 Baptizd. "William son of "W" 1 Selby, Esq r , & Elizab. bis wife. 

Marriages. 
1688 Thomas Selby, generosus, & Elisabetba; French maritat in capella 

Gulielmi Selby, Armig', 24 Decemb. 
1698 M r Reginald Peckham & M" Dorathy Selby were married on y* 23 th 

of June in y c Mote Chapell. 

Burials. 
Kill Sir William Selby, Knight, was buried the iiij"' day of Januarie. 
1637 S r William Selby, miles, sepult. Mar. 1. 
1657 John the sonne of William Selby, Esq., and Susanna his wife; buried 

the eight day of October. 
1664 Catherina Selbie sepulta Julij 8". 
1667 Georg 8 Selby, Armig', sepult. May 24. 
1068 Susanna Selby sepulta 30 May. 
1669 Catherina filia Gulielmi Selby, Armig', sepulta Aug. 28°. 

1671 Johannes Selby sepult. Januar. 12. 

1672 Henricus Sell)} sepultus 5" Septemb. 
1672 Jana Selby sepulta Octob. 25°. 

1676 Anna Selby sepulta Decemb. 29. 

1676 Elisabetha Selby sepulta 15 Martij. 

1679 *Francis Selby son of William Selby, gent., buryed in wool Aprill 3; 

sworn before S r J' Kayney. 
1679 April 2:! *Franeisea Selby. [This entry in another book.] 

1679 Sep. Eliza bei ha Selby. 

1680 Junii 2 Elizabeths Selby. 

• Probably these two entries are identical. — T. C.-F. 



SELBY FAMILY OK IGHTIIAM MOTE. '*"> 

1683 Aug. 11 Ilenricus Selby. 

1699 Bl" Mary Selby of y a Mote, bur. Feb. 6 th . 

] 7<>:t -M rs Jane Selbj from Seven < Jakes, bur. February 18"'. 

1704 M- Elizabeth Selby was buryed October 11 th . 

I 7m l W Dorathy Selby was buryed October 16"'. 

1713 Fel). 21 M r " Margaret Selby. Aff. brought Feb. 26. 

1711 Jan. 30 M r Charles Selby. Aff. brought Feb. 6. 

1717 Feb. 5 M r Balph Selby. Aff.broughtFeb.il. 

1727 Dec. 21 Buried John Selby of y e Mote, Esq r , buried in Linnen. Paid 5"'. 

1743 May I Buried M r W™ Selby from the Mote. Affidavit made 8"' ditto. 

1765 Feb. 8 John Selby, Esq r . Air'. In the Moat vault. 

1772 Dee. 22 William Selby, Ks (1 r . Aff. In the Mote vault, ML 68. 

1777 April 20 William Selby, Esq', .Etatis anno 32. Buried in the Mote 

vault. Affid. 

1784 Jan. 26 Mary Selby. Affid. 

1797 Jan. 22 John Selby. 

1802 April 15 Sarah wife of Charles Selby, Esq., aged 37. Died April 9 ,h . 

1809 June 16 Miss Charlotte Ann Selby. 

1820 (No. 124) Thomas Selby, Igtham, March 18, 67 yrs. J. G. May. 

1820 (No. 135) Elizabeth Selby, Ightham, July 15, 42 years. J. G. May. 

1820 (No. 136) The Reverend Charles Bridge Selby, S l Mary's, Lambeth, 

August 4, 42 years. John W. Wynne, Curate of Wrotham. 

1845 (No. G15) Elizabeth Selby, Ightham, March 29"', 90 years. S. W. Cobb. 

1890 (No. 750) Lewis Marianne Luard Selby, Bedford, March 22 nd , 78. 

F. Evelyn Gardiner, Off. Min. 

ST. MARY-AT-HILL REGISTERS. 

Baptisms. 

1627 Mary Selbie the Daughter of George Selbie and Ann his wife was 
baptised the 28"' of Octob. 

1629 Mary Selby y 8 daughter of George Selby was baptized the 11"' of Sept. 

1630 Dorothie Selby daughter of George Selby & Ann his wife was baptized 

the 19 th of September. 
1632 William Selby sonn of George and Ann his wife was baptized 13"' January. 
L635 Henry Selbie sonn of George & Ann his wife was baptized y e 17"' Aprilis. 
1636 Elizabeth Selby Daugh. of George and .... his wife was baptized the 

20 Nouembris. 

1638 George Selby sonn of George and Ann his wife was baptized the 11"' 

of Nouemb. 

1639 John Selby sonn of George & Ann his wife was baptized the 5 January. 
1641 George Selby son of George & Ann his wife was baptized the 13"' of March. 
1643 Thomas Selby sonn of George & Ann his wife was baptized the 20 Aprilis. 

Burials. 

1629 Ann Selby the 18 th of September. 
1639 Thomas Selby the 18 th of April]. 
1641 George Selby the 16"' of March. 

P 2 



36 SELBY FAMILY OF IGHTHAM MOTE. 

ST. ANDREWS, HOLBORN, REGISTERS. 
Marriages. 

1667 Licence. Henry Selby of y* Inner Temple and June Howell of ibis 

Parish were maryed the 24-"' of March. 

1668 Lycence. William Selby, gent., of Ingham in the County of . . . . and 

Elizabeth Howell, daughter to S r John Howell, were maried 21"' 
{February. 
1075 June 2 Henry Selby of the Temple, Esq r , & Elizabeth Amhersl of 
Pembury, Kent, Spinster. Lie. 



FAWKHAM. 
Baptisms. 

17u:{ Ann the dawghter of John Sellby, Gentleman, and of Mary his wife was 

baptized the 27 of April. 
1704 William the sonn of John Selbey, Gentleman, and Mary his wife was 

baptized the fourth of September \ was born the second day of the same 
month. 
17ob" Elizabeth the dawghter of John Selby, Gent., and Mary his wife was born 
March the 28 aud baptized April 4 th . 



ST. BRIDE'S, FLEET STREET. 
Marriage. 
1737 Nov. 30 William Selby, Esq r , of the Mote, par. Ightham, co. Kent, Bach r , 
& Elizabeth Burrow of Daren th, s' 1 co., Sp r . Lie. A.-B. C. 



TEMPLE CHURCH. 

Marriage. 
1689 June 4 John Petter & Susan Selby. 



SEVENOAKS. 
Burials. 

17QJ Feh. 2s John Selby, Gent., carried to Itham. 

1704 Oct. 10 M ra Elizabeth Selby. 

1704 Oct. 16 M" Dorothy Selby. 

1717 Oct. 13 Elizabeth ux. M r Thomas Selby. 

PEMBURY. 

Baptism. 

17-I2 John the sone of M r John ft M r " Dorothy Brown was baptisd on Aprile 
y e 26"'. 

Burials. 

1707 The Lady Elisabeth Selby was Bnryed on Jan. the .'!<)"'. 

171", S r Hdirv Selby was bnryed on August the 29"'. 

L728 If 1 John Browne was bnryed on Feb. y 5 th . 

I7!i .Mar. 8 Charles Selby Amherst. 



( 37 ) 



NOTES ON AN EARLY CINQUE PORTS 
CHARTER. 

BY F. F. GIRATJD. 

The Charter, of which a copy and translation is given below, 
is preserved amongst the Archives of the town and port of 
Faversbam, a corporate member of the Cinque Port of Dover. 
Its importance arises from the fact that, so far as is 
known, it is the earliest extant Charter granted to the Ports 
collectively. It is dated 28 May 44 Henry III. (1260), and 
thus antedates by eighteen years the Great Charter of 
Edward 1. (1278),* and although noticed by the late Thomas 

* Jeake's Charters of the Cinque Ports, 1728, consist solely of the Charter of 
Charles II. (with copious notes), which recites in full (inspexiraus) all the 
( 'barters then produced. The Charter of 44 Henry III. was not then seen, but 
is expressly referred to (Jcake, p. 22) in the Charter exhibited of 28 April 
2G Edward I. 

Copies of the Charters of 2 James I. and 10 Charles I. (which are only briefly 
referred to in the Charter of Charles II.) are fully entered in the Charter Book 
of Favereham with the following note to the Charter of Charles I. appended 
thereto, and is of interest as an illustration of the important parts taken by 
Faversham in regard to Cinque Port Charters. 

" This Charter of Kinge Charles was prosequuted and sued out by Boys Ower 
niaior of this Towne of Favereham in the second yeere of his Maioratie, And 
Stephen Monyns one of the Juratts of the Towne and Porte of Dover beinge 
chosen Agents & Solicitors therein by the general Ports Townes & Members at 
theire Assemblie or Court of Guestlinge. And beinge finished & exemplified 
under the great Scale of England, was by the saide Boys Owre on the xx lh daie 
of J ulie 1634 in the tenthe y ere of his saide Mat's reigne brought & read, in the 
Guildhall heere at Favershum unto the Juratts of the same Towne and others 
then p'sent. 

" And at a Guestlinge & Assemblie of all the Ports, Townes and Members 
holden at New Romney on the xxij"' of the saide Julie 1634, The saide Charter 
was there allso shewed & read & well approved of. And an Othe was then & 
there conceived & framed by the saide Assemblie by the devise of Samuel Shorte 
Esij r ' one of the Councell of the ports then there p'sent to be taken by all the 
Maiors lhilifes & Juratts of the saide Ciuq' Ports Ancieut Townes and theire 



38 NOTES ON AN EARLY CINQUE PORTS CHARTER. 

Riley in his Report for the Historical MSS. Commissioners,* 
and ret' tried to by Professor Montagu Burrows in his well- 
known Monograph on the Ports,f it seems to have entirely 
escaped the notice of a recent writer on the Cinque Ports 
Charters, who says, "We shall be standing on sure ground 
in asserting that the Charter of Edward I. is the first that 
was granted to the Ports collectively. "J 

The charter grants to the Barons of the Cinque Ports in 
return for their service in conveying the King over the sea 
to parts of France, and returning thence, freedom from 
summons before the King's Justices in Eyre. Henry III., 
in his ill-fated Gascon and French expeditions, had had 
occasion to cross the Channel at least four times, and in 
April 12(30 returned to England after resigning all claim to 
Normandy. The unrest which followed the repudiation of 
the Provisions of Oxford was gathering to a head, and the 
King may have been anxious to enlist on the Royalist side 
the sympathies of the Portsmen in the impending struggle. 
If this should have been his object in granting the Charter 
his hopes were doomed to disappointment, for in the civil 
war which followed the Cinque Ports espoused the cause of 
the Barons. 



.Members fur the execution of theire Office of Justices of the Peace accordiuge 
to the exigencie of the saide Charter, 

" Whiclic othe af terwardee on the \x\iii' 1, daie of the saide Julie after the 
retorne from the s:iidt Guestlinge, was Boleranlye taken by the saide Hoys Owre 
M;ii'» r in the Gaildebal] in Favershara aforesaide before the Juratts of the Bame 
Towne then there p'nt viz 1 John Woodd, John Caslocke, Edward Hales, Will'm 
Thurston, Samuel] Preston, John Trowls, Marke Trowts, Thomas Waterman, 
II orie Wreight, Rob 1 Greenestreete, and John Knowler. 

•■ And imediatelie after the saide othe bo lakeu by the Baide Boys Ower Biaior 
All the said Juratts then & there p'senl likewise tooke the saide othe before the 
saide Boys Owre liaior aooordinge to the forme & tenor of the saide Charter." 

* Historical MS 8. Commissioners Report 6, p. 500. 

t Historical Towns Cinque "Ports, p. 235. 

X -Mr. J. 11. Round. Oinqw Ports charters: 'Feudal England, p. 570. 



NOTES ON AN EARLY CINQUE PORTS CHARTER. 39 

3i>rm*ttU8 Dei gratia Rex Anglie Dominus Hibernie et 
Dux Aquitanie Archiepiscopis Episcopis Abbatibus Prioribus 
Comitibus Baronibus Justiciariis Vice Comitibus Prepositis 
Ministris et omnibus Ballivis et fidelibus suis salutem. 
Sciatis quod pro laudabili servicio quod Baron es nostri 
quinque Portuum nuper in transf recta tionem nostri ad partes 
Francie et redeundo de iisdeni partibus et in aliis transfrec- 
tationibus nostris nobis devote impenderunt concessimus eis 
de consilio magnatum qui sunt de consilio nostro et hac 
carta nostra confirmamus pro nobis et heredibus nostris quod 
ipsi de omnibus terris quas in presenti possident quieti sint 
imperpetuum de communibus suinmonitionibus coram Jus- 
ticiariis nostris ad quecumque placita itinerantibus in quibus 
c unique coinitatibus terre ille existant. Ita quod occasione 
liuius modi somunium summonitionum faciendarum de 
itineribus Justiciariorum nostrorum non teneantur dicti 
Barones venire coram eisdem Justiciariis itinerantibus nisi 
aliquis ipsoruin aliquem specialiter implacuit. Et ab aliquo 
implacitetur. Quare volumus et firmiter precipimus pro 
nobis et heredibus nostris quod predicti Barones nostri 
quinque Portuum imperpetuum habeant libertatem pre- 
scriptam sunt predictum est. Hiis testibus Ricardo de Clare 
comite Gloucester et Hertford Rogero Bygod comite Norff . 
et marescallo Anglie Hugone le Bygod Justiciario nostre 
Anglie Julian ne Maunsell Thesaurio Ebor. Rogero de 
Mortuo mare Philippo Basset Jacobo de Aldychley Roberto 
Waleraund et aliis Datum per lnanum nostram apud West- 
monasterium vicesimo die maii anno regni nostri quadra- 
gesimo quarto. 

A large fragment of the Great Seal 
in green wax is appended. 

TuAlVSLATION. 

HENRY, by the grace of God, King of England, Lord of Ireland. 
and Duke of Aquitaine, to Archbishops, Bishops, Abbots, Priors, 
Earls, Barons, Justices, Sheriffs, Provosts, Ministers, and to all 
Bailiffs and his faithful subjects, greeting. Know ye that for the 
laudable service which our Barons of the five Ports have devotedly 



40 NOTES ON AN EARLY CINQUE PORTS CHARTER. 

rendered to us in our late passage to parts of France and on our 
return from the same parts, and in our other passages, we have 
granted to them hy the advice of the great men who are of our 
council, and in this our Charter we confirm for us and our heirs 
that they for all lands now in their possession may be quit for ever 
of common summonses before our Justices itinerant for all manner 
of pleas in whatsoever counties these lands may be, so that on an 
occasion of this sort on the summoning of summonses made in the 
itineraries of Justices, the said Barons shall not be bound to come 
before the same Justices itinerant unless one of them has specially 
impleaded another, and by another shall be impleaded. Wherefore 
we will and firmly ordain for us and our heirs that our aforesaid 
Barons of the five Ports for ever have the prescribed liberty as is 
aforesaid. These being witnesses, Richard de Clare, Earl of 
Gloucester and Hertford, Roger Bygod, Earl of Norfolk and Mar- 
shal of England, Hugh le Bygod, our Justiciar of England, John 
Maunsell, Treasurer of York, Roger Mortimer, Philip Basset. James 
de Aldyehley, Robert Waleraund, and others. Given by our hand at 
Westminster, on the twentieth day of May in the forty-fourth year 
of our reign. 



The following short notes to the witnesses are in part 
based upon the notices contained in the Dictionary of National 
Biography : — 

Richabd de Clare, 8th Earl of Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford, 
7th Karl of Gloucester (1222— 1262;, son of Gilbert, 7th Earl of 
Clare, by Isabella, daughter of William Marshall, Earl of Pem- 
broke, was bum 1 August 1:222. On 2 February 1238 he married 
Ma Mil. daughter of John de Lacy, E irl of Lincoln, by whom lie had 

eral children, amongst others (1) his successor, Gilbert "the 
red" : (2) Thomas de Clare, the friend of Prince Edward ; he died 
in 12-^7 : (3) Boso or Bono "the good," a Canon of York. Of his 
daughters, Biargarel married Edmund, a younger son of Richard, 
Duke of Cornwall, and Rocsia married Roger .Mowbray in 1270. 
Gloucester was the most powerful English Baron of his time. He 
L2 Knights' tecs in Kent and 'M)\± t in other counties. 

The Corporate seal of Eaversham, temp. Edward I , contains a 
ship \\ ith the re present at ion of a banner thereon of three ehevronels, 



NOTES ON AN EARLY CINQUE PORTS CHARTER. 41 

the arms of Clare. The Barons of Faversham perhaps served under 
Richard de Clare or his son Gilbert. 

Richard de Clare died (it was supposed of poison) when on a 
visit to John de Criol at his manor of Ashenfield in Waltham, 
Kent, in 1262, and was buried at Tewkesbury. He is said to have 
introduced the Austin Friars into England. 

Roger Bygod, 4th Earl of Norfolk, Marshal of England, was 
grandson of Roger, 2nd Earl, and son of Hugh, 3rd Earl, by his 
wife Matilda, daughter of William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke. 
He died in 1270 without issue, was buried at Thetford, and was 
succeeded by his nephew. He had put away his wife, Isabella of 
Scotland, on the pretext of consanguinity, but took her again in 
L253. 

Hugo le Btgod was younger son of Hugh, 3rd Earl of Nor- 
folk. Being Justice of England, he became Warden of the Cinque 
Ports and Governor of Dover Castle on the displacement of Richard 
de Gray. His character as a Judge has been placed high by 
Matthew Paris. He was twice married, first to Joanna, daughter 
of Robert Burnet, 2ndly to Joanna, daughter of Nicolas de Stute- 
ville and widow of Hugh Wake. He died in 12G6. 

John Matjnsell, the son of a country Priest, was at the same 
time Treasurer of the Church of York, Parson of Maidstone in this 
county, and of Wigan in the county of Lancaster, Chancellor of 
St. Paul's, Provost of Beverley, Chief Justice of England, a Privy 
Councillor, the King's Chaplain, and Ambassador to Spain, a Keeper 
of the Great Seal, besides which he acquired great reputation for 
bravery as a soldier, for Matthew Paris says that at the great battle 
of Zanton, between the French and English, anno 1242, among many 
others of the French made prisoners was the High Steward of the 
Earl of Bologne, taken by this John Maunsell, who was not the last 
for his valiant behaviour on this occasion. As an instance of his 
wealth, the same chronicler says that he entertained at dinner the 
Kings of England and Scotland, a multitude of nobles and prelates, 
and such a number of guests that 700 dishes were scarcely sufficient 
for the first course (see Matthew Paris, pp. 590, G16, 859, and 931). 
He died anno 49 Henry III., 1264 (Hasted's Kent). Hasted also 
relates that the King heaped such continual preferments and offices 
on him besides, that at last his income amounted to more than 4000 
marks per annum, insomuch that there was not a clerk found so 
wealthy as himself. He founded in 1253 — 1258 a religious house for 
Canons regular of the Order of St. Augustine, at Bilsington in Kent, 



12 NOTES OX AN EARLY CINQUE PORTS CHARTER. 

on the height of the clay hills among the woods, which lasted until 
1535 ; he is said to have also founded an alien Priory at Eomney in 
I li -~> 7 . When in 11202 open war broke out, Maunsell was one of the 
chief objects of the Barons' wrath. After sheltering for some 
time in the Tower, be proceeded stealthily with the King's son 
Edmund to Dover, and thence, on 29 June, crossed over to Boulogne. 
All his lands in England were bestowed on Simon de Montford's 
son Simon. He never returned to England, but died in France 
1265 in great poverty. He is said to have been a capable and diligent 
administrator, unswerving in loyalty to his master, and a true friend 
tn many of his colleagues. 

Roger de Mortimeb, 6th Baron of Wigmore (1231 — 1282), was 
eldest son of Ralf de Mortimer, the 5th Baron, and of his Welsh 
wife Gwladys Ddu, daughter of Lywelyn ab Iorwerth. In 1217 
Roger contracted a rich marriage with Matilda de Braose, eldest 
■ laughter of William de Braose, by whom he had a numerous 
family. Having with Roger Bygod in 1263 declared in favour of 
the Royal Cause, his lands were ravaged in that year by Lywelyn 
and the Earl of Leicester. Roger de Mortimer was also witness to 
the Charter to the Ports of 17 June 6 Edward I. (1278). 

Philip Basset (died 1271), Justiciar and royalist Baron, third 
son and heir of Alan Basset, Lord of Wycomb, Bucks. After a 
public career of forty years, he died a man " bona? memoriae," and 
was buried at Stanley, Wilts. The chroniclers speak of him with 
enthusiasm, " as noble, discreet, and liberal," " mighty in counsel, 
zealous in war, noble, and exceeding faithful, a man who greatly 
loved the English and the Commonalty of the land." His daughter 
and sole heiress Alina, widow of Hugh le Despenser, Chief Justiciar 
of the Barons, was remarried to Roger Bygod, afterwards 5th Earl 
of Norfolk, Marshal of England. 

Robebt WaIiEBAUTTD (died 1273), Justiciar, son of William 
Waleraund and Isabella, eldest daughter and coheiress of Hugh of 
Kilpeck. Throughout this reign he was one of the King's 
•' familiares." In 1261 discord between Henry and the Barons was 
renewed, when he, with John Maunsell and Peter of Savoy, were 
regarded as the chief advisers of Henry. The chronicler describes 
him as "vir strt num." lie had, throughout his career, been hated as 
royal favourite, though respected for his ability and strength. In 
the tort \ --fifth year of Henry III., the King took into his hands 
from Roberl Bygod the Constableship of Dorer Castle, the Chamber- 
laioship of Sandwich, and the Wardenship of the Ports, and con- 



NOTES ON AN EARLY CINQUE POUTS CHARTER. 43 

ferred them on Robert "Waleraund. He married in 1257, Matilda, 
eldest daughter and beiresa of Kali' BuBsell, bul left no issue, and 
his estates passed to lus sister's sou Alan Plugenet. 

-I LMES ALDITHELEGB. His name occurs as one of the Council 
of fifteen chosen to advise the King on all points under the Pro- 
visions of Oxford (1258). — Stubhs' Select Charters. 



In addition to the above the following Cinque Ports 
Charters are preserved amongst the Faversham Archives: — 

17 June 6 Edward I., with Great Seal. 

(See Jeake, pp. 6 to 38.) 
28 April 26 Edward I., with Great Seal. 

(See Jeake, pp. 38 to 40.) 
28 Edward I., with Great Seal. 

(See Jeake, p. 41.) 

A careful search amongst the records of other Ports and 
their members might possibly lead to the discovery of other 
early Cinque Ports Charters. 



( 44 ) 



THE BARONS OF NEW ROMNEY IN 
PARLIAMENT. 

BY JOHN STOKES. 

The recent visit of our Society to Romney may serve as an 
excuse for printing the following list of those persons who 
are known to have represented the burgesses of the ancient 
town and port in Parliament. No return of Members is 
extant until the year 1366, but from that year (except 
apparently for a short period during the Commonwealth) 
Romney sent two Barons to Parliament until the borough 
was disfranchised by the Reform Bill of 1832. Of the one 
hundred and seventy-two Parliaments convened between 
these dates, one hundred and twenty are known to have 
comprised Members from Romney, and of these I have suc- 
ceeded in recovering one hundred and forty-nine names, to 
many of which I have added a short biographical note. For 
the first two hundred years or so, when Rouiney was still a 
seaport of importance, her representatives seem for the most 
part to have been resident in the town or neighbourhood. 
In Tudor times this was less common, though the Ma} 7 or 
was not infrequently chosen to I'epresent in Parliament the 
town in which he was the Chief Magistrate. After 1613 
local celebrities disappear from the roll, and for the next 
hundred and fifty years the representation of the town was 
in the hands of Leading county families. During the last 
sixty years of its political existence Romney was degraded 
to ili«' position of a pocket borough, the electors were reduce] 
i«p a mere handful, and a writer in 1816 admits that "the 
Dumber of places in the possession of the patron's friends 
(Sir Cholmondely Dering) renders the return of Treasury 
Candidates an indispensable duty/'* 

* lieprest mtal < ■ History of Great Britain and Ireland, by T. H. B. Oldfield, 

1816, vol. v., p. -«j;s. 



BARONS OF NEW ROMNEY IN PARLIAMENT. 45 

Edward III. 

136G James Colebrond. The name often occurs in the Bomney 
Records. Some of the family were Guardians of Denge 
Marsh. One of the wards of the town was called Cole- 
brond. 
John Franceys (or Fbatjnceys). Farmer of St. Nicholas 
Parsonage, and the re-founder of the Lepers' Hospital in 
Bom my. 
1308 William Holyngbroke. He heads the list in the Eate 
Book (Maltotes) for many years. One of the wards of 
the town was called Holynbroke. He died in 1375, and 
a small brass to his memory is in St. Nicholas Church. 
John Tiece. A John Tiece sat for Canterbury in the 
preceding and following Parliaments. 

1371 William Holtngbroke. Apparently the only Member. 

1372 Henry Lewes. 

JonN COLEBItOND. 

1373 John Colebrond. 
Hugh Eoqgter (Eoger). 

1377 John Atte Wode (Atwood). He sat for Eye 1378. The 
family is mentioned in the Book of Aid for Kent, under 
Old Eomney. 
William Childe. 

Eichard II. 

1377 Hugh Goldsmith. Others of this name sat for Canterbury 

and Worcester. 
John Adam. A Nicholas Adam was Knight of the Shire 
for Kent, 1385. Guardian of Denge Marsh. 

1378 John Nuwene (or Newene). Mr. Eiley says " probably so 

called from keeping the New Inn." (Hist. MSS. Com., 
5th Kep., p. 533.) 

Koger Dod. The Dodds were an important family in 
Brookland. 
138 L William Holtngbroke. Probably son of the above Wil- 
liam Holynkbroke. 

William Childe. 
1382 John Adam. 

Andrew Coltn. "Paid £3 15s. to Andrew Colyn for 
digging in the Ehee." In an indenture dated 1398, made 
between William Porter and Eobert Geffe of the one part, 
and Edith the wife of Andrew Colyn of Eomene of the 



i(i BARONS OF NE"W ROMNEY IN PARLIAMENT. 

other part, amongst other property conveyed mention is 
made of a stall (stallagiwn), at which the said Andrew 
used to stand. Members of this name at this period sat 
for Yarmouth. Arundel, and Horsham. 

1382 Simon- Gwode. 

Edmund Huchon (or Hociion). One of this name repre- 
sented Rochester in 1127 and 1435. 

1383 Simon Clerk. Bailiff at Great Yarmouth, 1384. 

.1 \ M E8 TlECE. 

13s3 wllliam holynqbboke. 
William Chii.de. 

1384 William Sefrod (Seaeord). Probably the Head Inn 

Keeper of the town. (See Hist. MSS. Com., 5th Beport, 
p. 533.) 

James Tiece. 
L38t5 William Childe. "For the expenses of William Childe 
and William Tyece on the last day of May, when they 
conversed with the Lieutenant (of Dover Castle), as to 
making terms with Lyde, 100s." 

John Elys (or Ellis). " Received Os. 8d. of the men of the 
town of Wynohelse, for their share of the costs incurred 
by John Salerne and John Elys upon a copy of Magna 
Charter." A John Elys sat for Dover 1376, and others 
for the County, Sandwich, Canterbury, and Yarmouth. 
138G Simon Linsford (or Lonsefohd). Mayor of Rye 1380, 
and Member for the same place 1383, 1390, 1391. 

John Salerne. "The expenses of Simon Lonceford and 
John Salerne riding to London at Michaelmas to the 
Parliament, G 1 3 s 4 (1 ; the expenses of John Atte Hall for 
38 days at the same Parliament, he taking 20 d per day." 
John Salerne was returned for Hastings, Rye, Winchelfea, 
and Roinney hoi ween 1372 to 1407 on twelve different 
occasions. 
Diss William HoLrNOBnoKK. 

John Salerne. 
L388 William EToltkgbboke. 

John Elys. 
L390 Jon \ Eve (or Ivy), of Old Komney. A William Tve 
represented Sandwich in 13S2, 1385, 1386. In mediaeval 
times 1 vychuivh was always spelt Ivechurchj is it pos- 
sible thai the name may be derived from this family of Ive ? 



BARONS OF NEW ROMNEY IN PARLIAMENT. 47 

1300 James Ttece. 

1391 John Salerne. 
William Elys. 

1393 Andrew Colyn (see 1382). 
Robert Geffice (or Jeffk). 

1395 John Gardyner. 
William Childe. 

1397 John Yon (? Younge, a Lydd family). ''Expenses at 
Parliament of John Yon and Robert Geffe, and two grooms 
and four horses, 100 s 0J d . Expenses incurred upon the 
Queen's (Isabel of France) Coronation by Stephen Adam, 
John Gardyner, and James Tiece, with purchase of 3 
garnitures of baudekyn with 3 hoods of scarlet, and 4 men 
and 8 horses going and returning 12 days, 12 1 19 s 8 (1 ." 

1397 Robert Geffee. 

Henry IV. 

1399 John Gardiner. 

John Talbot. Bailiff of Romney, 13S7. "Costs upon the 
Coronation of our Lord the King (Henry IV.) by John 
Lunceford, John Gardiner, and John Talbot for 10 days, 
with purchase of 3 Gowns and 3 scarlet hoods, and 
broidyng of 3 sleeves, and making up the gowns and 
hoods, with hire of their horses, 9 1 11 s 4 d ." 

1102 The returns are torn, but the names are believed to be John 
L(ounce)forde (Lunsford), and John Ive. 

HOG Robert Geffee, Senior. 

Thomas Rokyslee. He was Master of St. John's House 
in Romney in 1107. " Received from Thomas Rokysle 
for one tun and one pipe of wine belonging to the com- 
munity drunk in the tavern of Cnobelte 3 s 4 d ," 1413. 

1407 John Roger. 
Brice Sherte. 

1410 John Adam. " Paid to John Adam for his wages in Par- 
liament 25 dayes 31. 2 s G d at 2 s 6 d per day." A John 
Adam represented Dover about the same date. Died 1441. 
John Lunceford (or Lunsford). 

Henry V. 

1413 William Cliderowe (or Clitherowe). The Clitherowes 
were a family of note in Romney. William Cliderowe, 
perhaps a son of the above, sat for Hythe 1449. John 



48 'BASONS OF NEW ROMNEY IN PARLIAMENT. 

Clederow, Canon of Chichester, Bishop of Bangor 1326, 
may have Bprung from these Romney Cliderowes. The 
Bishop died at Crayford in Kent 1425-6, and was buried 
there. William Cliderowe, M.I', for New Romney, was 
tlie Becond husband of Margaret Frauneeys, patroness of 
the Spital Hospital in the town. 
James L< >\\ ^ s (or Lewis). "First the costs and expenses 
of William Cliderow, William Chance, and James Lowys 
being at Westminster this year at the King's Coronation 
41. 14s. 7Jd." 

ill! William Clyderowe. 

Johx Mapfey. Andrew Maffey sat for Lewes 1422-3. 

1417 William Cliderowe. 
James Tiece. 

1119 Johx Adam. 

Richard Cliderowe. Elected ten times for Rotnney. The 
Richard Clyderowe who was Sheriff of Kent 1402 and 1418, 
and Knight of the Shire 140(5-7, was probably bis father. 

142o Stephen Harry. " Rec d 20 d from the relict of Stephen 
Harry for a parcel of land of the Commonalty between the 
walls L437-8. Amongst the Lydd Records is the following 
entry: "On the 4 l1 ' day of March in the 4 th year of the 
reign of King Edward IV., Edward Elys and Richard 
Barry, feoffees of Stephen Harry, came and promised to 
give 100 s and more of the money received .... from the 
tenements late of the said Stephen unto the Church of 
Lyde, on condition that the name of the said Stephen 
should every Sunday be published and prayed for among 
the other benefactors of the same Church." Members of 
the family, or men of the same name, sat for Hastings, 
Seaford, and Winchelsea. 
Rich led Cliderowe. 

1 iiii Richard ( 'ia i kerowe. 

Jam ks Lowys. " To the Barons for the Queen's Coronation 
(i 1 21"." 

] 121 THOM LB SpERWE (Simkw \ v ). 

Pi.n.i: Nuwehe (or Newene). One of the Chamberlains 
of the town in L415. Dead in 1 137. 

Henry VI. 

1 122 Richard Cljsbbowi, 



BAEONS OF NEW ROMNEY IN PARLIAMENT. 10 

1 122 William Piers, "barbour." He was buried in the Church 
of St. Laurence, to which Church he left a bequest. 
Several others of the same name sat for constituencies in 
the south of England. 
! 123 JonN Adam. 

Richard Clidebowe. 
1 I2"> James Ldwvs. 

Thomas Smyth, "draper." 
1 12(5 Stephan Harry. 

Thomas Smyth. 
1427 John Adam. 

Richard Stothard (or Stoddard). " Paid to Thomas 
Hosyer because he went to Yarmouth in the name of 
Richard Stothard 3 1 ." Coronation Barons. 
1 (31 John Adam. 

James Lowys. " The Mill of James Lowys pays Maltote." 
1 132 Thomas Smyth. 

William Wermyston (or Warmestone). He paid 3s. 3d. 
for " pasture between the walls from Illisbridge to New 
Romene," 1437. Thomas Warmestone was a benefactor 
to St. Laui'ence Church in 1447. 
1433 Hasted gives the names of James Lotteby and James 
Bamlond as Members for Romney this year, but I cannot 
discover on what authority. 
1435 Clement Overton. Bailiff of Romney 9 Henry V. 

Richard Clytherowe. 
1442 James Lowys. 

Richard Clytherowe. 
1447 John Chenew. 

Richard Clyderowe. 
1449 Geoffrey Goodlok. "They answer for 20 d given to the 
Community by Geoffrey Goodlok out of his wages at 
the Parliament holden at Westminster." 
Robert Scras (or Scrase). 

1449 John Sellynger (St. Leger). " The Community owes to 

John Sellenger for his wages in Parliament at Leicester 
41. 19s." Probably son of John St. Leger of TJlcombe ; 
Sheriff 1431. 
Robert Scras. 

1450 Geoffrey Goodlok. 
John Chenew. 

vol. XXVII. jj 



50 BARONS OP NEW ROMNET IN PARLIAMENT. 

1450 Guy Elys. 

John Cheynew. 

The returns are missing for the next eight Parliaments, 
but in the 4th E d ward IV. we learn from the Town Records 
that Robert Scras was then Member. Be was present at 
the Queen's Coronation in 1464. 

Edward EV. 

1 172 John Tuber (or Tudor). 
Robert Scras. 

1478 John Tttdeb. 

John Cheynewe. The following entry is in the Komney 
Records, 1465 : " John Cheynew born at Romnene, free 
by birth, was admitted to the franchise and sworn on the 
17 th day of April, in the 6"' year of the reign of Edward 
IV., King of England. He is condemned (dampnatur), 
because publicly before the Jurats and the Commonalty 

he refused (refutavif) his freedom." Mayor of 

Ronmey, 1484. 

From this Parliament there is only one complete return 
for more than 70 years, the returns for nearly all the Cinque 
Ports being equally defective. 

Senry VIII 

1516 Richard Stuppeny. Probably a son of Robert Stupeny, 
who was born at Ivychurch and admitted a freeman of 
Ronmey, 13 Edw. IV. Richard Stuppeny was born at 
Kenardington, and was admitted a freeman on the 
22 March, 3 Henry VIII., paying nothing for his fine. 
" Paid Richard Stuppeny the remainder of his wages as 
Burgess in Parliament last year 38 s 10 d ," 1516. The 
family was for centuries of great consideration in Ronmey 
Marsh, the name probably being a corruption of Stoke- 
penny. Richard Stuppeny died in 1526 and was buried 
in the south aisle of St. Nicholas Church, but his tomb 
was renewed by his great grandson, Clement Stuppeny, 
in 1622. For some reason unknown, both at Ronmey and 
Lydd, the election of Mayors or Bailiffs was held at the 
tomb of a member of the Stuppeny family. 

L529 Richard G-ybson. The following entry occurs in the Town 
Books, 13 March, 12 Henry VI 1 1 . : " Richard Lambarde of 



BAROXS OF NEW ROMNET IX PARLIAMENT. 51 

New Eomuey appeared before Richard Stuppeny the 
elder, and other Jurats, and James Barrowe a Common 
Clerk, and acknowledged that he had delivered to Eiehard 
Gybsone of Londene. and Sergaunt of the armys of our 
Soverayng Lord the Kyng, certain tenements, situate in 
the Parishes of S' Nicholas and S f Laurence in that 
town.'" etc. A John Gibson was ALP. for Thirsk 1521. 
L">29 John Bunting. He was Warden of the Bomney Passion 
Play in 1517. A Stephen Buntyng was Mayor in 
1592. 
> I :i ry . 

1554 Sin John Gilford (or Guldeford). For an account of 
this celebrated family, see the late Canon Jenkin's paper 
in Archasologia Cantiana, Vol. XIV., pp. 1 — 17. 

Sir William Tadlowe. A William Tadlowe (probably 
father of the above) was deputy-bailiff of the Archbishop 
of Canterbury and Romney in 1518. A George Tadlowe 
was Member for Guildford in this reign and for two 
towns in Cornwall. 

Richard Bunting. His name appears as a purchaser of 
Church goods when St. Martin's Church was pulled down 
iu 1549. He received 5 marks for his expenses in 
attending the Queen's Coronation. 

Johx Chesemax. First Mayor of the Town 1563, and 
served six times. A Robert Cheseman sat for Middlesex 
1542. 

George Holtox. His name is also included among those 
who purchased goods from St. Martin's Church. 

"William Oxen t dex of Denton inWingham. He died 1576. 
Others sat for the County and for Sandwich and Win- 
chelsea. A pedigree of the family is printed in Archceo- 
logia Cantiana, Vol. VI., p. 277. 
1555 Richard Baker. Probably a member of the Sissinghurst 
family, and given in Lambard's list of gentry. 

Johx Herbert, Esquire. 
1558 Stmox Padyax (Pattisox), Gentleman. A John Padyan 
was farmer for the Jurats for inning the Marshes. A 
Stephen Padyan represented Winchelsea. There are 
various spellings of this name. 

Thomas Raxdall, Gentleman. His name is in Lambard's 

list of gentry 1574. 

E 2 



52 BARONS OF NEW ROMNET TN PARLIAMENT. 

Elizabeth. 

1559 John Chessman. Coronation Baron. 

William Eppes. Member of an old Romney family. 
Held land near St. John's Barn. The name is also found 
at Dover. He was the second Mayor and served seven 
times. A Thomas Epps was Mayor twice. 

1563 Sib Christopher Alleyn, Knight, of the Mote, Ightham. 
Defaulter with others for payment to Rochester Bridge. 
Knighted in 1553. Is in Lambard's list of gentry. A 
suspected Papist. His will was proved 1585. (See 
Arch apologia C«ntiana,Yo\. XXIV., p. 107.) 
William Eppes, gent. 

1 "72 "William Wilcocks and Edward WiLCOCKS, members of an 
important Romney family. The only instance for this 
port of two of the same family serving at the same time. 
Edward Wilcocks was Mayor 1574. There are monuments 
to the family in St. Nicholas Church. The death of the 
former during this Parliament caused the first recorded 
Bye Election here, when 
William Eppes, gent., was returned to fill the vacancy. 

1584 Richard Wtllyams, gent. 

William Southland, gent., of Hope. He was Mayor four 
times. His father died 1567. A monument to his son, 
Sir William Southland, who died 1638, is in Ickham 

15S6 Church. He was re-elected with Robert Thtjrbarne, 
gent., who was three times Mayor, an office held by three 
others of his family. The name is found at Brookland. 
Philipot says "his ancestors from 1331 have continued 
very eminent in Romney Marsh." 

1588 Reginald Scott, Esq. (afterwards knighted), of Scott's 
Hall, Smeeth. In Lambard's gentry list. Sir John Scott 
was Warden of the Cinque Ports in 1461 ; others were 
Knights of the Shire for Kent, and Members for Hythe, 
Hastings, Maidstone, Canterbury, Rochester, etc. 
William Southland, gent. Again. 

L593 John Mjnoe, gent. Mayor in 1598 and 1604. The name 
occurs also at St. Peter's, Thanet, 1507. 
BoBEET Bawle, gent. Vincent Bawle was Churchwarden 
at Wilmington. Kent. 1553. 

1597 G-eobge Coppvv Esq., probably of Barming. Allied after- 
wards by marriage to the Osbornes. William Coppyn was 



BARONS OF NEW ROMNEY IX PARLIAMENT. 53 

an Annuitant at St. Augustine's, Canterbury, 1556, for 

which city he was Member 1553. Others of the same 

name sat for Dunwich and Orford. 
1507 James Tiii t rbarne, gent, (see 1586). James and John 

Thurbarne sat for Sandwich. 
1601 Thomas Lake, Esq., of Taywell, Tenterden, Barrister-at- 

Law, Commissioner to Yarmouth 1588. Sat for Hastings 

three times. A few years later Sir Thomas Lake was 

returned for five different constituencies. 
John Minge, gent, (or Mingey). 

James I. 

1604 Sib Robert Remyngton, Bart. Died 16 Lo. The Coronation 
Baron with 
•Iiiun Plomer, gent. Three times Mayor. Died 1615, aged 
48. A Monument to him is in Brookland Church. The 
death of Sir Robert caused the Second Bye Election in 

1610 William Bynge, gent. In the next Parliament he was 
returned for Winchelsea. A George Bynge had repre- 
sented Dover and Rochester a few years earlier. 

1614 Sir Arthur Ingram, Knight. Possibly he was introduced 
to the constituency by Richard Ingram, who became Vicar 
of Romney in 1606. He died in 1646. 
Robert Wilcock (see 1572). Twice Mayor. 

1621 Sir Peter Manwood, Knight of the Bath. Sheriff of Kent 
at the death of Queen Elizabeth. Son of Sir Roger 
Manwood. Married to Erancis, daughter of Sir Percival 
Hart. Knight of the Shire for Kent 1614. He presented 
a Communion Cup to Hackington Church. Others sat 
for Sandwich and Hastings. Was himself Member for 
Saltash 1604. 
Erancis Eetherstone, Esq., doubtless the same as 

1624 Francis Fetherstonhaugh, gent. 

Richard Godfrey, gent., third son of Thomas Godfrey of 
Lydd. He married a daughter of John Moyle. He died 
1641, aged 50. Was returned again in 

Charles I. 

1625 Sir Edmund Varney (or Verney), Knt. ; Marshal of 

the Household. He also sat for three Boroughs in 
Buckinghamshire. He died in 1645. Coronation Baron. 

1626 Thomas Brett, "esq. of London." He was on the list of 



54 BARONS OF NEW ROMNEY IN PARLIAMENT. 

suspects in 1656. Also elected for Grimsby, but preferred 
Romney. His son's monument is in St. Nicholas Church. 
Four of the family were Mayors. The Member for Old 
Sarum 1620 was Sir Thomas Brette. 
Richard Godfrey. 

1628 Thomas Brett. 

Thomas Godfrey,* Esq., second son of Thomas Godfrey of 
Lydd. Born 1585. Also for Winchelsea 1(514. The 
father of Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey, whose murder in 
1678 created so much excitement. Edward Godfrey was 
Mayor 1649. He was elected again in 

1640 "William Neele. A Robert Neele was Vicar of Romney 
1467—74. 

1640 The Long Parliament. 

Philip Warwick. Partisan of the King. Elected also 
for Radnor Borough, for which he chose to sit. His name 
is found in the Suspect List. Philipot says he was Clerk 
to the Signet and Secretary to the King at the Treaty in 
the Isle of Wight. Disabled to sit for Radnor 1647. As 
Sir Philip he afterwards sat for Westminster 1661. 

Sir Norton Knatchbull, Knt., of Mersham Hatch ; son 
of Thomas Knatchbull. His uncle sat for Hythe. He 
was on the famous Kent Commission 1642 ; " a very 
honest gentleman " (Twysden). Died 1684. 

Thomas Webb, Esq. (bye election), Warwick choosing 
Radnor. He was quickly expelled as a Monopolist and in 
his place came 

1641 Richard Browxe, Esq., of Great Chart; cousin to Sir 

Roger Twysden, who appealed to him at the time of his 
troubles with the Parliament. The letter he sent in reply 
is still extant. He was a good friend to Sir Roger. Like 
most of the Kent Members, he was appointed on the 
Commission to go into the County re the famous Petition. 

During the troublesome periods thai followed, Romney was 
not represented ; and the next election did not take place till 

1659 Sib Roberi Hontwood, Knt.. of Pett in Charing and 
Marksball in Essex. Other Honywoods sat for Hastings, 
Hythe, and Canterbury. 

* ForThotnae Godfrej Bee Miscellanea Qenealogica et Heraldica, First Scries, 
vol. ii., p. 450. 



BARONS OF NEW UO.UNKY IN PARLIAMENT. 55 

1659 Lambasd Godfrey, Esq., eldest son of Thomas Godfrey of 
Lydd by his wife Margaret, daughter of William Lambard 
the Perambulator. "Was on the famous Kent Commission 
for the Parliament. Knight of the Shire for Kent in 
1654. 

The returns for the next Parliament, 1660, are missing, 
but according" to Hasted the Members were : — 

Sir Norton Knatchbull and John Knatchbull, Esq. 

Then came the Long or Pensionary Parliament of Charles 
the .Second's reign, lasting from 1661 to 1671'. 

Sir Norton Knatchbull, Bart., sat throughout. 
Sir Charles Berkeley, jun., Knt., Governor of Ports- 
mouth, Captain of the King's Guards ; Keeper of the 
Privy Purse to Charles II. ; Earl of Falmouth 1664 ; 
died 1665. His father Sir Charles Berkeley, sen., Viscount 
FitzHardinge, Comptroller of the Household, was Member 
for Heytesbury in this Parliament. He died 1668. 

1665 Henry Brouncher (Brunkard), Esq., vice Sir C. Berke- 
ley. " One of his Royal Highness's Bedchamber;" elected 
during the time of the Great Plague of London. Other 
members of the family were at different times returned 
for constituencies in Wiltshire. He was expelled for 
contempt of the House. Lord Brouncher was President 
of the Royal Society 1669—1685. 

1668 Sir Charles Sedley, Bart., vice Brouncher. Elected 
eight times and served 26 years. He was the youngest 
son of Sir John Sedley. " A most accomplished gentle- 
man, one of the most brilliant wits of the Restoration ; 
noted for art and gallantry." An author of no small 
repute. Father of the Countess of Dorchester, who was 
so created by James II. He presented two silver-gilt 
flagons and a cup to St. Nicholas Church. Not returned 
to the one Parliament of James II. or the Convention 
Parliament. He died 1701, aged 62. Also again in 

1679 Paul Barrett, Esq. Born 1633; Serjeant-at-Law; Recorder 

and of Canterbury ; knighted afterwards ; died 1686 ; buried 

1681 at St. Mary Bredman, Canterbury. 



5(5 BARONS OF NKW ROMNEY IN PARLIAMENT. 

James II. 

1685 Sir Benjamin Bathurst, Knt. Elected at the same time 
for Beer Alston, for which he decided to sit. Coronation 
Baron. The family estates were in the West of England, 
the North Riding, and the Weald. He died 1704. 
Lanncelot Bathurst was a London Alderman. 

Sir William Goulston, Knt. Coronation Baron. He 
sat for Bletchingly in the previous Parliament. Richard 
Goulston was Member for Hertford several times, though 
petitions against him were frequent. 

Thomas Cuudleigh, Esq., vice Bathurst. Of a West of 
England family. 
Convention Parliament of 1690. 

John Brewer, Esq. He was elected ten times, and sat for 
ITTyears continuously. He was the first member re-elected 
to the House under the "Office" Act of 1704. He 
presented a Communion Cup to St. Nicholas Church. 

James Chadwick, Esq. Member for Dover in the two 
following Parliaments. Died 1697. 

William and Mary. 

1690 Sir Charles Sedley and John Brewer, Esq. 

William III. 

169-3 John Brewer, Esq., again. 

Sir William Twisden, Bart., of East Peckham, son of sir 
Roger Twisden, whose pathetic narrative of his persecution 
by the Parliament is found in Volumes I., II., 111., IV. 
of Archceologia Cantiana. Knight of the Shire for Kent 
L685. h\ this Parliament ('95) he was also returned for 
Appleby, which he preferred. Died 16!>7. 

L696 Sir Charles Sedley, nee Sir \V. Twisden. 

L698 and 1701, February. Si it Charles Sedley and .John Brew eh, 
again in 

1701 EnwARn GoULSTONE, Esq. Monument to his father in 
St. Nicholas. Presented a gi It almsplate to the Church as 
" combaro " 1702. 

Anne. 

L702 Sib Iji.viamin Bathuest ami John Bbewer, Esq., again. 
( loronation Barons. 



BARONS OF NKYV IIO.MNKV IN' PARLIAMENT. 5 1 

1704 Walter Whitfield, Esq., vice Bathurst, deceased. The 
Whitfields were an important family of Bethersden, in 
the Church of which village are several monuments to them. 

L705 and 1708. John Breweb and Walteb Whitfield, Esqs. 

1707 John Breweb, E.stj. Ke-elected, after appointment as a 
Eeceiver of Prizes Novemher 28. 

1710 Walter Whitfield, Esq. 

Robert Furnese, Esq., of Waldershare. Knighted 1702. 
He was elected five times, serving 17 years. In 1713 
he contributed liberally to the repairs of St. Nicholas 
Church. He married first in 1714 a daughter of the Earl 
of Rockingham, and secondly a daughter of Earl Ferrers. 
In 1727 he was elected Knight of the Shire for Kent. 
Died 1733. A petition against the election was apparently 
un sustained. 

1713 Edward Watson, Esq. Lord Sondes, eldest son of the 
first Earl of Rockingham, brother-in-law to Sir Robert 
Furnese ; married Lady Catherine Tufton ; sat for Can- 
terbury 1708 ; died (before his Father) 1722, aged 36. 
See his monument in Sheldwich Church. 

1713 Edward Watson, Esq., and Sir Robert Furnese. 

George I. 

1715 The same. Coronation Barons. 

1722 Sir Robert Furnese again and David Papillon, Esq., of 
Acrise, a Commissioner of Excise, son of Philip Papillon, 
born 1691 ; married Mary, daughter of Thomas Keyser, 
Esq. ; died 1702. He sat for Dover 1735. 

George II. 

1727 David Papillon, Esq. 1 r , „ , n , . , 

x .,„ t, /"Coronation Barons. This election 

John Lssington, Esq. J 

was successfully petitioned against, and the two Members 
unseated. Mr. Essington had twice represented Ayles- 
bury. By order of the House the seats were taken by— 

1728 Sir Robert Furnese. 

Sir Robert Austen, Bart. The Baronetcy was created 
1660 and he was the 4th Baronet, originally of Sutton and 
Tenterden, and afterwards of Hales Place, Boxley. He 
married the sister of Sir Francis Daehwood; and he died 
1743 without issue. Other Austens sat for Rye, Win- 
chelsea. and Hastings. 



58 BARONS OF NEW KOMNEY IN PARLIAMENT. 

1728 David Papillon, Esq., vice Sir Eobert Furnese, who chose 
to sit for the County of Kent. 

1734 Stephen Bisse, Esq. He sat for Bedwin 1715 ; belonged 
to a family with Parliamentary influence in the West. It 
is a coincidence that for Heytesbury in 1625 Sir Charles 
Barkly and Edwd. Bisse were returned; names afterwards 
connected with this port. 
David Papillon, Esq. Petitioned against, but withdrawn. 

1736 Sir Egbert Austen, vice Papillon, who elected to serve for 
Dover. 

1741, 1747, 1754. Three Parliaments. 

Sir Francis Dashwood, Bart. The Baronetcy was created 
1684, and the first Baronet was M.P. for AVinchelsea. 
Sir Francis as Member for Weymouth became Chancellor 
of the Exchequer under Lord Bute 1762 ; and the next 
year was called to the Upper House as Baron Le Despenser. 
He was brother-in-law to Sir Eobert Austen. Others of 
the family were in Parliament at different times. His 
Mother was sister of the Earl of AVestmorland. 

1755 Henry Eurnese, Esq., sat for 20 years. He represented 

Dover 1720, 1722, 1727, and Morpeth 1734. Died 1756. 
He was re-elected on accepting the office of a Lord 
Commissioner of the Treasury. 

1756 Eose Fuller, Esq., of Eose Hill, near Battle ; vice Fur- 

nese, deceased. , Sat for Maidstone 1761, and Eye 1768, 
1774; a relative of the eccentric John Fuller, Member 
for Sussex, " the patron of arts and sciences." Died 
1777. 

George III. 

1761 Edward Derlng, Esq., of Surrenden, succeeded his father 
In the Baronetcy in 1762. Elected five times, and served 
22 years. Married first Selina, daughter and coheir of 
Sir Roger Furnese, and secondly Deborah, daughter of 
John Winchester. Died 1798, aged (id. The family was 
closely connected with R.unney and the Marsh. 
Thomas Knight, junr., Esq., of Godmersham ; sat for Kent 
1771 .Married Catherine daughter of Dr. Wadham 
Knatchhull. Died 1704. 

( Pronation Barone — 

17»iS Sir EDWAED DeRING. 



BARONS OF NEW ROMNEY IN PARLIAMENT. 59 

17(58 Richard Jackson, Esq., sat for sixteen years ; had previ- 
ously been M.P. for Weymouth for six years. Was 
afterwards for a short time a Lord Commissioner of the 
Treasury. 

1770 John Morton, Esq., vice Sir E. Dering, who resigned, 
accepting the Stewardship of the Chiltern Hundreds. He 
sat for Abingdon twenty-three years, but was unseated 
one month before his election here. 

1774 and 1780 Sir Edward Dering and Richabd Jackson, 
Esq. 

1782 Richard Jackson, Esq., re-elected on accepting office. 

1784 Sir Edward Dering. 

John Smith, Esq., of Draper's Hill, London. Member for 

two months only. 
Richard Atkinson, Esq., vice Smith, resigned ; of Fen- 

church Street, London. He was unsuccessful for the City 

of London by nine votes only a month before. He died 

in the year following his election. 

1785 John Hennikeb, Esq., of Lincoln's Inn, vice Atkinson, 

deceased. He sat for Sudbury 1761, and Dover 1774 
and 1780. 

1787 Richard Joseph Sulivan, Esq., of Cleveland Row, St. 
James's, London, and Thames Ditton, Surrey, vice Sir 
E. Dering, who for a second time resigned, accepting the 
Stewardship of the Manor of East Hendred. Elected for 
Seaford 1802 ; a Baronet 1804 ; died 1806. Sat again for 
Romney in 

1790 Sir Elijah Impey, Knt. Schoolfellow of Warren Hastings ; 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Calcutta. Dis- 
agreed with Hastings while in India. Recalled 1784. 

1796 John Fordyce, Esq., of Ayton, Berwickshire. He was 
returned for Berwick 1802, but unseated. 
John AVillett AVillktt, Esq., of Merly, Dorsetshire. 
He was returned again in 

1802 and Manasseh Lopes, Esq., of Maristowe House, Devonshire. 
Several others of this family were sent to Parliament, but 
all for the "West of England; 

1806 William Windham, Esq., of Felbrigo-, Norfolk, Privy 
Councillor, Secretary of State for War. Had previously 
sat for Norwich, St. Mawes, and Norfolk ; for the last he 
was unseated 1806; a man "of unstained honour, purr 



60 BARONS OF NEW ROMNEY IN PARLIAMENT. 

life, and high accomplishments." M.P. for Higham 
Ferrers 1807. Died 1810. 

1806 John Pebeing, Esq. An Alderman and Banker of London ; 

created a Baronet in 1808 ; M.P. for Hythe in the next 
three Parliaments. 

1807 Tuomas Scott, Esq., " Earl of Clonmel of the Kingdom of 

Ireland." 
George Ash burn ham, Esq., of Ashburnham House, Sussex; 
afterwards third Earl of Ashburnham, K.G., E.S.A. 

L812 William Mitfoed, Esq., of Exbury, Hampshire. He had 
previously represented Newport (Cornwall) and Beer- 
alston ; for the latter he sat with Sir John Mitford, 
Solicitor General, Speaker of the House, and finally Baron 
Bedesdale. 
Sir John Thomas Duckworth, Knight of the Bath and 
Admiral of the Blue. He was re-elected after resigning 
and accepting the Stewai"dship of the Chiltern Hundreds 
in 1813. 

Isl7 Cholmeley Diking, Esq., of Cavendish Square, Middlesex, 
sun of Sir Edward Dering of Surrenden, Bart., vice Sir 
John Duckworth, deceased. Colonel of the New Eomney 
Light Eencibles. 

1818 Andrew Strahan, Esq., of Ashurst Lodge, Surrey, the 
Kings printer. Had previously sat for Newport, Ware- 
ham, Carlow, and Aldeburgh. 
Richard Eele Drax Grosvenor, Esq., of Charborough 
Park, Blandford, Dorsetshire, son of Thomas Grosvenor. 
He assumed the additional name of Drax upon his mar- 
riage with Sarah Frances, daughter and heiress of Edward 
Drax, Esq., of Charborough. He previously sat for 
Clitheroe and Chester. Others of the family for the 
Cheshire Districts. He died a few months after his 
elect urn. when his son w;is returned in 

L819 Bichaed Edward Erle Drax Grosvenor. Also again m 

I V. 

l^iio with George ll.w Daweins Pennant, Esq., of Penrhyn 
Castle, Carnarvonshire. Married Elizabeth Bouverie, a 
niece of the Earl of Radnor. He sat for Newark in 
lsl 1, and was returned again for this Port in 



BARONS OF NEW ROMNET IN 1*A K I.I \ M I. \ I 



ci 



182G with George William Tapps, Esq., of Hi n ton Admiral, 
Christchurch, Hants. In 1833 and 1835 he sat Eor Chxint- 
church, when lie was described as ■• of Barton in the par sh 
of Milton and of East Close." In the "Gazette," 
8 December 1835, he is described as Sir George William 
Tapps Gervis. 

William IV. 

1S30 Arthur Treyor, Esq., of Whittlebury House, Northamp- 
tonshire, and of Wicken Park. He accepted the Chiltern 
Hundreds within a year, but sat afterwards for Durham. 
William Miles, Esq., of Beesthorpe Hall, Nottingham- 
shire. There were several of this name in Parliament Eor 
Wiltshire. Coronation Barons. 

1831 Sir Roger Greislet, Bart., of Drakelowe Hall, Derbyshire, 
vice Trevor resigned. The Baronetcy was created 1611. 
He had sat just previously for Durham — where his election 
was declared void — and afterwards for South Derbyshire. 
Sir Roger sat for Romney exactly one month, when 
Parliament was dissolved. 

This was the last Bye-Election. 

1831 Sir Edward Cholmeley Dehing, Bart., of Surrenden, 
Dering, Kent. Formerly Member for Wexford, and 
afterwards for East Kent. 
William Miles, Esq. This was the last election for the 
Borough ; the return is dated May 29th, 1831. 



Barons in Parliament for the Cinque Port of New Romney, 
arranged in alphabetical order, giving the 1>ate of thk 
First Return and the Number of Times Elected. 



Adam, John 
Adam, John (2) 
Alleyn, Sir Christopher 
Ashburnham, Geo. . . 
Atkinson, Richard . . 
Austen, Sir Robert . . 

Baker, Richard j 1555 

Bamlond, James 
Barrett, Paul . . 
Bathurst, Sir Benj. . . 
Bawle, Robert . . 



1377 


2 


1410 





15(53 




1807 




1784 




1728 


2 


1555 




1 133 




1679 


3 


1685 


2 


1593 





Berkeley, Sir Chas. 
Bisse, Stephen 
Brett. Thomas 
Brewer, John . . 
Brouncher, Henry 
Browne, Richard 
Buntyng, John 
Buntyng, Richard 
Bynge, William 
Chadwick, James 
Chenew, John 



1661 
1734 
1626 
1689 
1665 
1641 
1529 
1 55 I 
1610 
1689 
1447 



In 



G2 



BARONS OF NEW ROM NET IN PARLIAMENT. 



Cheseman, John 
Chevnewe, John (2). . 
Childe, William 
Chudleigh, Thomas . . 
( 'lerk, Simon 
Cliderowe, A\ i 1 1 i:tm . . 
Clyderowe, Richard . . 
Colebrond, James 
( lolebrond, John 
( 'oh n. Andrew 
i 'oppj n. < reorge 

I tashw 1. sir Francis 

Dering, Sir Edward . . 
Dering, Cholmeley . . 
Dering, SirBdw. Cholmeley 
Lod, Roger 
Duckworth, sir John 

Elys, John 

El\ Sj Gruido 
Eppes. William . . 
Bssington, John 
Petherstonhaugh, Frcs 
Fordyce, John . . 
Franceys, John. . 
Frewen, William 
Fuller, Rose 
Furnese, Sir Robert . . 
Furnese, Henry 
Gardyner, John. . 
(Jeffee. Robert 
Gilford, Sir John 
Godfrey. Richard 
Godfrey, Thomas 
f4odfrev, Lambard . . 
Goldsmith, Hugh .. 
i ioodlok, Jeffrey 
Goulston, Sir Wlm. . . 
( roulstone, Edward . . 
Greisley, Sir Roger . . 
i rrosvenor, R. E. 1). . . 
( rrosvenor, K. B. E. 1>. 
Gwode, Simon . . 
(iybson, Richard 
Harry, Stephen . . 
Henniker, John 
Herbert, John 
Ilolion. ( ri orge . . 
Holyn^broke, William 
Holyngbroke, William 
Hollywood, Sir Robert 
Hucbon, Edmund 
[mpey, Sir Elijah 
[ngram, Sir Arthur . . 

Eve, John 

Jackson, Richard 

Knatchbull, Sir Norton 

Knatchbull, John 
Knight, Thomas, junr. 
Thomas .. 
Henry . . 



(2 



1554 


2 


1478 




1377 


5 


L685 




1383 




1413 


3 


1419 


in 


1366 




1372 


2 


1382 


2 


1597 




1741 


3 


1761 


5 


1817 




1831 


.. 


1378 


•• 


1812 


2 


1385 


3 


1453 




1559 


3 


1727 




1621 


2 


1796 




1366 




1690 




1756 




1710 


5 


1741 


4 


1395 


2 


L397 


3 


1554 




1624 


3 


1628 


2 


1659 




1377 




} 449 


2 


L685 




1701 




1831 




1818 




1819 


2 


l 382 




1529 




1420 


2 


1785 




1555 




1554 




1368 


<; 


1381 


4 


L659 




1 382 




L790 




1614 




1390 


2 


1768 


1 


mho 


3 


L660 




L761 




1601 


.. 


1372 


•• il 



Lopes, Manasseh . . 
Lottehy, James 
Lowys, James . . 
Lunceford, John 
Lunsford, Simon 
Maffey, John 
Manwood, Sir Peter 
Miles, William 
Minge, John 
Mitford, William .. 
Morton, John . . 
Neele. Richard 
Nuweue, John. . 
Nuwene, Peter 
Overton, Clement . . 
Oxenden, William . . 
Padyan, Simon 
Papillon, David 
Pennant, Geo. Hay D. 
Perring, John 
Piers, William 
Plomer, John 
Randall, Thomas .. 
Remyngton, Sir Robert 
Roger, John 
Roggyer, Hugh 
Rokyslee, Thomas . . 
Salome. J (dm 
Scott, Reginald 
Scott, Thomas 
Scras, Robert 
Sedley, sir ('has. 
Sefrod, William 
Sellynger, John 
Sherte, Brice 
Smith, John 
Smyth, Thomas 
Sondes, Lord Edwd. 
Southland, William 
Sperwe, Thomas 
Stothard, Richard . . 
Strahan, Andrew . . 
Stuppeny, Richard . . 
Sulivan, Rchd. Joseph 
Tadlowe, Sir William 
Talbot. John 
Tapps, Geo. William 
Thurbarne, Robert 
Thurbarne, James . . 
Tiece, John, junr. . . 

Tiece, James 

Trevor, Arthur 
Tuder. John . . 
Tnisden, Sir Wlm. 
V:irne\ . sir Edmund 
Warm ick, Philip 
Watson, Edward 
Webb, Thomas 

Wermyston, William 
Whitfield, Walter .. 



1802 




1433 .. 


1413 5 


1410 2 


1386 • • 


1414 •• 


1621 


1830 2 


1 593 2 


1812 ■• 


1770 


1640 • • 


1378 




1421 




1435 


2 


1554 .. 


1558 




1722 


4 


1820 


2 


1806 




1422 




1604 




1558 




1604 




1407 •• 


1373 •• 


1406 .. 


1388 


2 


1588 




ISO? 




1 149 ! 


1668 8 


1384 1 .. 


1449 


1407 •• 


1784 


1425 i 3 


1705 3 


1584 3 


1421 .. 


1 127 • • 


1818 .. 


1516 .. 


1 787 2 


1554 . . 


1399 .. 


1826 . . 


L586 


L697 •• 


1868 .. 


1383 4 


1830 .. 


1472 2 


1695 . . 


1625 . . 


1640 .. 


1713 2 


1640 .. 


1 432 
1704 


4 



BARONS OF NEW 


ROM NET 


IN 1 


■Aiii.i \\m:vi . 63 


Wilcocks, William . . 


1572 


.. 




1894 


1 165 


l 197 


Wilcocks, Edwd 


1572 


■■ 




1398 


1 159 


1 5 10 


Wilcocks, Robert 


liil 1 






1399 


1 160 


1 .". 1 2 


Willett, John Willett .. 


1796 


2 




1 KH 


1 16] 


1 5 1 5 


Windham, William . . 


1806 






L402 


1 163 


L628 


Wode, John atte 


1377 






1 in:: 


1 167 


1536 


Wyllyams, Richard 


1 58 1 






l mi 


l 169 






13! 17 






i in 


1 I7(i 


1 5 I -' 








1 113 


1 is:; 


1547 


Parliaments, the Returns fob 




i ii i 
1415 
1416 


1 IM 
1 is:. 
1 187 


L553 
1653 
1654 


WFTK'H HAVE NOT BEE* 


' FOUND. 




1369 1379 


1384 




1 116 


1 19] 


1656 


1371 1380 


1390 




1 139 


1495 


1659 


1376 1380 


1392 




1 145 













( oi. ) 

COBHAM COLLEGE. 

BY A. A. ARNOLD, F.S.A. 

The old College at Cobham was founded by Sir John de Cobham, 
Ford Cobham, 86 Edward III., a.i>. 1362; the original ordination 
or Foundation is not known to be in existence, and has probably 
never been published.* It is not unlikely that there may be a 
copy, or some record of it, in the Vatican Library, as it was sanc- 
tioned by Pope Urban V. (13G2 — 70). This is shewn by a brief 
recital of the fact contained in a decree or formal letter of Thomas 
Brinton, Bishop of Kochester, dated 23 March 1388, on the occasion 
of the augmentation of the College by the Founder in that year. 
This document (set out in Regi strum Rqfense. pp. 231 — 39) 
recites that the Bishop has received a Bull from Pope Urban V I . 
(1378 — 1389), to the effect that in the time of bis predecessor Pope 
Urban V. of happy memory, Sir John de Cobham. inflamed with 
pious zeal and wishing to change earthly things for heavenly, had 
founded ami ordained in the Parish Church of Cobham, in which 
his ancestors had chosen their place of burial, a perpetual chantry 
in which there should be for ever five chaplains, making a college 
there ami serving for ever in divine offices, of whom one should be 
the .Master on the presentation of the Prior and Convent of St. 
Saviour. Bermondsey, who held the said Church for their own use 
(and that such Master should preside over the College and under- 
take the care of the Church and support the burthens incumbent on 
the vicarage of the said Church), to the praise and honour of God 
and for the health of the soul of the Founder and the souls of his 
progenitors ; and at the same time he amply endowed it of his own 
proper lt«io.1s with, possessions and annual rents forever, and gave 
them wholesome statutes and ordinances to he observed by the 

said Master and chaplains, in the which, as His Holiness recites. 
William, then Bishop id' Worct-ster (William de W hit t lesea. the 
predecessor as Bishop of Kochester of Bishop Brinton. to whom 

Boon after the death of this Lord < lobham, his relative, the head of another 
branch of the family, Lord Cobham of Sterborough, founded a ver}- similar 
College, but on a Bmaller scale, in Lingfield Church, Surrey. The ordination 
and ruli- of tlii— College, which probably followed those of Cobham, are no) 
existing or oannol be recovered, 



COB HAM COLLEGE. 65 

the Bull was addressed), had assisted, lie further go< - on to saj 
that the said John de Cobham sumptuously repaired the Church at 

mi small expense (opere non modicum sumptuoso), and gave to it 

liberally goods, books, vestments, and other ecclesiastical orna- 
ments which the above Prior and Convent were bound to provide, 
all which was recited to have been approved and ratified by the 
several religious bodies concerned and was thereby sanctioned by 
the Pope Urban V. The Bull then further recited that the Pounder 
being desirous of increasing the number of the cha plains with 
two more, as the revenues of the College were not sutncienl be bad 
given the Church of Rolvenden to it, (lie revenues of which were at 
that time valued at GO marks, as those of the College were at 200 
marks, and all this, subject to further enquiry and investigation by 
the Bishop of Rochester, the Pope consented to and ratified. This 
Bull was dated from Perugia the 8th day before the Ides of March in 
the tenth year of his pontificate (8 March 1387). The Bishop 
of Rochester then goes on to say that, having received this apostolic 
sanction, he proceeded with due reverence and diligence, and had 
found no canonical or other objection to the annexation and union 
of the said Church of Rolvenden to and with the Chantry, and 
therefore the Bishop declares the desired annexation to be duly 
carried out, and he confirmed the appropriation of Rolvenden to 
the use of the College ; and further, the Bishop, at the request of 
the Founder and with the consent of the chaplains, added two 
more to the College, these to be paid out of the revenues arising 
from Rolvenden. But they were to have a different status from the 
others : they were to he temporary, and subject to be removed ; 
their duties were to say masses daily for the souls of the Founder 
and certain specified members of the Founder's family ; they were 
to live in common with the other fellows of the College, and to be 
ruled aud to have their sustentation in the same way and according 
to the old statutes, but with certain differences ; they were not to 
be fellows for all time, but only at the will of the Master and the 
more discreet (sanioris) part of the chapter — not to be incorporated 
with the chapter, nor to be part of them, nor to have any voice 
there; they were not to be admitted to the secret counsels of the 
house, nor be stewards of it ; they were to have a less stipend than 
the others; they were not to presume to take any part of the sur- 
plus or to receive any perquisites beyond what was specially and 
by name assigned to them; they were to be clothed or robed from 
the robes of the other chaplains of the first foundation ; and 
further, the Bishop decreed that there should be two aquibajuli 

VOL. XXVII. F 






06 COBHAIf COLLEGE. 

(servers of the holy water), and that they should have their tahle 
in the College and should serve continually in the Church as 
sacrists, and that they should learn in the schools with the other 
scholars so far as they arc able, unless prevented by their afore- 
said duties, and that they should uot be sent out of the College by 
the Master or by the fellows, so that they may not be hindered 
either from divine service or in their study of letters unless for 
I and necessary cause, and for some purpose useful to the 
College, and not solely for the convenience of any particular 
member of it. There are numerous other provisions and directions, 
ami the whole is decreed and signed by the Bishop of Kochester at 
Trottiscliffe on the day before-mentioned, the 23rd March 13ss, 
rather more than twelve months after the Pope's approval. 

There is subjoined to the above decree or episcopal letter the 
full acceptance of it by the Master and fellows, and the names of 
all the seven are given : William Chuldham (sometimes spelt 
Shuldham), Master or Warden (custos), John Moys, Sub-master, 
John Thurston, William Tanner, John Mercott, Richard Zonge, 
and Ralph Lister. The document is under the seal of the College, 
is dated from their Chapter House in the said College on 1 April 
L389 (within nine days from the Bishop's promulgation of it). Then 
follows the confirmation of the whole by the Archbishop of Canter- 
lmrv. by the Prior and Convent there, and by the Archdeacon, who 
were all affected by this appropriation, Bolvendenbeingin that diocese. 

The full text of the document is set out in the JRegistrum 
RoJTense, and a summary of it is also given in Hasted (folio edition, 
vol. i., pp. 503, 504). On the whole it would seem, though the 
matter is not free from doubt, that whereas the original foundation 
was for live chaplains, two more were added on the above augmen- 
tation, and then that, by the sanction of the Bishop, and with the 
concurrence of the Founder, two more were to be nominated by the 
existing College of seven memb ers, but not quite on an equality 
with them, thus making the total up to nine. At t he diss olution 
there were, as we know from Bishop Tanner's Motitia Monastica, 
eleven priests in the College altogether; one of these was provided 
bj the prebend of Cobbambury, of which hereafter.* 

\- to the po • of the College, we know From the Hull 

of tin Hope that the bounder had in L362 amply endowed it. 
Mr. .1. <l. Waller {ArchcBologia Cantiana, Vol. XI.. p. 74) states, 
without quoting any authority, that the endowment consisted of 

* Tin- prebend <>f Cobbambury, with other mutter- not relating to the 
College, will be dealt with in n subsequent Paper. 



.. \yiua^ 



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OHM DE ('OBUAM, LORD COBHAM, 8 FEBRUARY, 4 RlCHARD II. 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 



67 



"the Manor of West Chalk, with one messuage and one toft in 
Cobham, 250 acres of marsh called Howe Marsh and Slade Marsh 
lying in the wardship of S 1 Wei-burgh Hoo, as well as an annual 
rent of twenty quarters and three bushels of barley payable bj 
divers of his tenants in Chalk." This description of the endow- 
ment is very precise, but it is difficult to reconcile it with the record 
provided by many deeds relating to the endowment. It appears 
from these that Sir John de Cobham, the Pounder, very soon after 
the institution of the College conveyed and enfeoffed the manor or 
estate of Cobham and apparently all his estates in Kent to four 
trustees, Sir Reginald de Cobham, parson of Cowling, and three 
others, without any condition, but obviously in the intention that 
they should provide from them a sufficient endowment for the 
College, and when they had effected this they reconveyed the 
estates, subject to the alienations they had made to the College, 
back again to Sir John. This reconveyance bears date 8 February 
4 Richard II. (138 L), and as it refers so clearly to the portions of 
the estates which they had made over to the College, a full trans- 
lation is given in Appendix No. 1, p. 93, and the original also is copied 
in facsimile on Plate I. The great extent of the endowments 
of the College can be shewn very succinctly by an extract from an 
inquisitio ad enquirendum, setting forth what part of Lord 
Cobham's lands his trustees had made over for the endowment of 
the College and what remained for himself. It is taken from the 
Calendarium Inquisitionum Post Mortem (p. 302) for the year 
43 Edward III. (1370) :— 



48. Jok'es de Cobham Miles, pro Mag'ro et Capellatiis Cantariae de Cobeham. 

\ 



Frendesbery and j 2 t , 
Clyve ) 



Thorneham 

Harweston in Hoo 

Peckham Parva 

Lodesdon 

Shorne 

Chalk 

Berling 

Couling 

Clyve 



terr' et ten' 



inaner\ 

maner 

manor 



Cobeham 

Shorne 

Otteford 

„ cur. 
Green maner 

Gillingham sect: 
cur: 



remanen' eidein 
Joh'i 



Kane' 



F 2 



6S COBHAM COLLEGE. 

Besides these original endowmentB there were many additions 
made to the possessions of the College afterwards. The parsonage 
of Bolvenden. as we have seen, was annexed to provide for the 
additional fellows or chaplains, under the arrangement of 1387 — 89 ; 
and among the Cecil Mss. preserved at Hatfield, and in the 
catalogue of the Dering MSS. of 1865/ there are records of 
numerous deeds of grant, or relating to grants, of lands to the 
College. There are at leasl twelve of these in the latter collection 
from 1363 to L392, comprising lands in Grain. North Court in Cobham, 
Hayton in Frindsbury, the advowson of Horton Kirby, Bernard's 
Wood in Cobham, and lands in Dartford; and in the Cecil MSS. 
there are copies of grants to the College of lands in Thorneham 
(Thurnham), and of Bengelev, or Bengebury, an estate or manor in 
that parish, of lands in Clifl'e. of the property known as " Vyandes," 
and other lands in Cobban), t in Algestow (High Halstow), and 
Nurated, besides other lands in the parishes before mentioned. 

After the dissolution of the College, and in or about the year 
L539-40 (30 Henry VIII.) the net revenues of the College were stated 
to be 6128 Ls. '.»id., the gross £H2 Is. 2|d., and among the Cecil 
MSS. there is a Kental and Terrier of the estates at that time which 
gives a full account of the possessions as fchej then stood. It does not 
give the lull rental, J but after stating thereturus from various proper- 
tit s, it becomes, as to the rest, a description of the lands rather than 
a rental ; it shews that either by purchase, or gifts, or by way of 
exchange, the College had acquired very considerable additions 
to their possessions in the century and a half which had elapsed 
Bince the augmentation in 1389. (A copy of it is printed in 
Ai'i-KMiix Xo. 2, p. 04.) 

* After the attainder of Henry, Lord Cobham, curly in the reign of James I., 
tin- l-t E;irl of Salisbury obtained a grant of a :_ r ood portion of the Cobham 

• -, and the > i » - * - 1 -^ relating to these lands ■•ire still preserved at Hatfield. The 

[SS i Messrs Sotbeby in 1865. They consisted of about 2,000 

manuscripts principally relating to Kent, and those which referred to Cobham 
occupy ten pages ol the catali 

t One of these grants in tin- Cecil Mss | Deeds 232 13) refers t < . " Battaille" 
. in Cobbam, dated l" Edward IV. There is a tradition that a battle took 
place in i lobham Dear the place si ill called Battle Street, close to the monumenl 
or " maenhir " a- be terms it, w bich used to Btand there. S ;e .Mr. Lukis's refer- 
to this in the "Journal of tin- British Archaeological Association " for L854 
(vol. ix.. )>. 1_'7 

J Mixed up with on.- of the Terriers made by Lord Cobham 's steward, temp. 
II ry VIII. i^ a private memorandum relating to Borne commissions he had 

evidently n ived from mj Lady in London. These are " To sende uppe too 

lavender spikes t"r a tnedisin i item tun bandfull peneriall ; item to 
send uppe mystresse too bilemyntes and a payre of slevys of tynsell ; item to 

: uppe mystresse buttlers velvet p'clet; item to send uppe Philippe my 
lady's maden ; item send to Dertfortbe to se a lay sister, my lady Waldeu." 



cobham C0LLEG1 . 69 

In another terrier, not dated, bul temp. Henrj VIII., the 
•• heading " mentions the following parishes as containing lands of 
the College: Litil Peck'm, Roolynden, Birling, Balling, Luddis- 
down, Eorton (Kirby), Derteforthe, Nutated, Northeflett, Cobham, 
[ffild, Upchurche, Hundred de Hoo (including Hoo St. Werburgh, 
stoke, and St. Maries), Ealsto we, Cooling, Cliff, Highara, Tilbery, 
Shorn, Chalk, Frindesbury, Strood, Rochester, Bslingham, I wade. 

Another and later terrier of the lands of the College, taken in 
L568, is a verj interesting topographical record. It is printed, so 
far only as Cobham parish is concerned, in Lppendu No. 5, p LOO. 

So much For the endowments of the College. The Ilcyistrum 

tense also sets OUi the schedules to an indenture made between 

the sub-master of the College and the sacrists who would be the 
proper officials to t ike charge of 1 hem— shewing the large collect ion 
of the vestments, plate, and Church furniture for which they had 

become responsible ; it is dated on Christmas Da) L479. .Many of 
the service books seem to have been much used, and to be the worse 
for weai'. Some are mentioned to be at Chalk, and it may be that 
the Master and brethren of the College were serving the Church 
there as being part of their possessions.* Their books seem all to 
have been service books, except one dictionary of hard words 
(verbis difficilibus), and the one inevitable " Gesta Bomanorum." 
There is a long list of " Jocalia," being the sacred vessels, etc., used in 
festivals — turribula navicula (for incense) — some of silver, some of 
silver-gilt, some made of holly or cypresB wood and gilt, candelabra 
of brass, and of latten ; a long list of vestments of various colours 
and materials, among them an amice of gold and crimson with the 
arms of Cobham embroidered on it j there is another list of the 
vestments for dail) use. another of the linen and silk, the latter 

sfully described, and the colours (dearly discriminated, for 
instance : " 1 1 pallia aurea, quorum unuin bloodii coloris, relict' rubei," 
two " frontells," one black with golden stars, the other of needle- 
work in purple and green ; silk for canopies, and many other items ; 
then follow the "sudariael mellia," and finally the i by 

enumerating the special ornaments of the altars of the Blessed 
Virgin and of the Holy Trinity. 

Some fifty years after this inventory was taken, about 28 

* Since the above waa written an entry baa been found in the Bishops 
ster (vol. ii.) of the institution of John Long, one ol the chaplains ol the 
< lollege, to the Vicarage of chalk en the presentation <>t' the Blaster and brethren 
of the College in April 1390. 



70 COBHAM COLLEGE. 

Henry VIII. (1537-8), the hand of the spoiler descended on the 
College, and the Master, with the Bub-master, fellows, sacrists, with 
all their company, were dissolved, disestablished, and disendowed. 
They had, on 27 October 27 Henry VIII.— John Bayly being 
then Master, and Thomas Webster, William Wharf e, and Sir John 
Norman, fellows, and Stephen Tennard, a brother of the College — 
signed to the King's supremacy, under their common seal. The 
revenues of the College were at this time, as before stated, 
£128 Is. 9^d. net per annum. Bishop Tanner gives this as the 
amount at the date of 26 Henry VIII., and adds that the College 
had at first five chaplains, but it consisted afterwards of eleven 
priests. The difference between the gross revenues, £142 Is. 2|d., 
and the net was made up of certain quit rents and other small 
charges on the revenues. They were also subject to the payments 
of " tenths," and there is a record of a return made by the Bishop 
of Bochester to the King of all the tenths payable in his diocese to 
the Crown, dated 27 May 28 Henry VIII., in which the amount 
payable by this College is returned at £12 lGs. 2 id., being exactly 
one-tenth part of £128 Is. 9sd., shewing that the amount must 
have been carefully arrived at.* The College authorities (not unlike 
their successors in our own days) seem to have always had an 
impatience of taxation ; and, feeling this burthen of the tenth to be 
a heavy charge, as undoubtedly it was, they had, in the time of 
Henry V., addressed a petition to the Synod of Bishops praying to be 
exonerated from it (part of No. 151 in the Dering MSS. Catalogue), 
but evidently they met with no success. 

If one comes to compare the value of such an income as the 
College possessed at the time of the Dissolution with what it would 
have represented in our days, owing to the change in the value of 
money, no better guide probably could he had than the pamphlci of 
the late Bev. Kobert Winston of Rochester on Cathedral Trtists 
and their Fa Iji I 'men I . published in L850. His object was ro show 
that while the stipends assigned on the foundation of the Cathedrals 
of the new foundation had then immensely increased, so far as the 
Deans and Canons were concerned, those for the minor officers 
and the exhibitioners and gram mar-school boys had stood still. 
Incidentally he -hews the enormous change in the value of money. 
Thus, the stipend of a Canon of Rochester al the foundation of the 



* The extract from the Valor Eeclesiasticua (see AjPENDIX No »!, p. L08) 
■ .'i particulars 



comiAM COLLEG] 71 

new order in 1542 was £20 a year, and the "alimony" or sum 
sufficient to support the exhibitioners at one of the great nniver 
was £6 13s. 4d. a year only, and by comparison with the figures 
which Mr. Winston uses in his arguments it would Beem thai bv 

a lerate calculation the income of the College at Cobham in L534 

would, in the present day, or a few years hack, before agricultural 
depression set in so seriously, have reached an equivalent of not 
less than £2,500 a year. 

However that may he, when the College was dissolved Sir George 
Brooke, the descendant of Sir Reginald Braybrooke, ami .loan, the 
heiress of her grandfather, Sir John do Cobham, was then in 
possession of the Cobham estates, and he, no doubt after arranging 
some solatium or gratification to the Master ami fellows, obtained 
a grant, or the promise of a grant, from them, subject to the King's 
sanction, of the possessionsof the College. It would seem to have been 
the practice to recognize the rights, or claims rather, of the descend- 
ants or successors of the original founders when practicable, and the 
Acts of Parliament passed with regard to the suppressed Houses 
often refer to such claims. In the case of this. College, by an 
Act passed in 31 Henry Y 1 1 1 . the ri-hts of the Lord Cobham were 
reserved thus: "And in likewise our saide Soveraigne Lord gaue 
lyke lycence by his grace's worde unto the right honorable George, 
Lord Cobham. to purchase and receyue to his heires for ever, id' the 
late Master and brethren of the College or Chauntry of Cobham in 
the Countie < t' Kent now being utterly dissolved, the scite of the 
same College or Chauntry, and al anil singuler their hereditament- 
and possessions as well temporal as ecclesiasticall wheresoever they 
lay or were within the realinc of England," and then followed 
a clause that this Act should in no wise prejudice the rights of 
Lord Cobham to the College possessions or the conveyance thereof, 
which he might procure. 

Accordingly such a conveyance was made by the Master and 
fellows to Lord Cobham. It is dated in a.d. 1537, and is described 
as a "" (J rant by the ( !ollege of St. Mary's, Cobham, to Gh ■ e, Lord 
Cobham, of the College and other lands in Kent and Essex. A copj 
is preserved among the Cecil MSS. at Hatfield, and is marked as 
" Deeds No. 210/15." With it is a copy of the " Supplication of the 
Lord Cobham to the King to ratify the grant made to him of the 
College of Cobham " (Deeds 109 2). and also a copy of the above Act 
of Parliament (Deeds 219 22;. 

Having thus u,ot possession of the College and its possessions, 



72 COBHAM COLLEGE. 

Lord Cobham was also able at the same time to acquire the advow- 
son of the Vicarage and Church of Cobham which still remained in 
the possession of the Prior and Convent of St. Saviour's, Ber- 
mondsey. He undertook the future provision of a " sufficient 
provision" for the Vicars of Cobham, and that undertaking appears 
to have been the sole consideration for the alienation of the 
advowson. A duplicate of this conveyance, dated 12 December 
30 Henry VIII., is in the possession of the Misses Stevens, of the 
Parsonage, Cobham, the lay rectors and owners of the great tithes 
of Cobham, and they have kindly placed it with many other 
interesting documents relating to Cobham in my care for the 
purpose of this Paper. It is in Latin, too large for a facsimile to 
be made of it, but I have appended a translation of the more 
important parts (see Appendix No. 3, p. 98). The signature of 
George, Lord Cobham, is on this duplicate. He is thenobleman whose 
remains rest under the magnificent altar-tomb in the Church, on 
which are also the effigies of his wife and himself and their children. 



&&>jy^f "£J^ )<& j 



/ 



The vagueness of the provision for the Vicar, which the Lord 
Cobham undertook by this deed to provide, led to difficulties. Ilis 
real status was uncertain, and it was always a matter of dispute 
betweenhim and the landholders how far he was entitled to take tithes. 
In an interesting diary of Mr. Hayes, compiled in the eighteenth 
century, which came into the possession of the late Mr. T. H. Baker, 
of Owletts, Cobham, there are several instances of these difficulties, 
Mr. Hayes always persisting in describing the minister as the 
" curate." He would not recognize him as vicar. Finally there was a 
law-suit tried in the Court of Exchequer,* in December L824, 
" Stokes V. Ivlmca'les," in which .Mi'. Stokes, the vicar, was success- 
ful, and since then the vicars have enjoyed their rights without 
difficulty or question. 

Before, however, leaving the subject of the old College some- 
thing should be said as to the buildings, the personnel of the 
Blasters <>t' it. and the records we have of their election and institu- 
tion and induction. 

* I have since found a reference to another and much earlier suit at law, 

John Priest (the Vicar, or Minister, of Cobham) <•. Richard Savage in the Court 
of Exchequer in April 1 7"i' ; perhaps it only concerned a matter of tit lie. 












yi: ' \ .!« -J (E «£> *•*•• *%* * m r: 









l.ii eni i i ttOM ni i. Prior ani> < Ionvbi 

BBBTB lii N ul ( 'ulillAM COLLB 



f 



^Twfof* WH Jlem ?ftS&9* 0* *L«aa r MU-r^ft-*; 



Saviour's, Hermondsey, to the Mastkr ani> 
9T of S. John the Baptist, mccclxx. 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 73 

Of the buildings no plan or view remains, or anything to explain the 

architectural transfonnat ion of the old College into the existing alms- 
houses, so far as we know ; little can now be discovered about them.* 
That they occupied the site of the present College is certain ; they 
also extended beyond it to a small distance on the south, for 
the considerable remains there to this day shew it. Mr. .John 
Thorpe, the writer of The Antiquities of the Diocese of Rochester, 
which follows his translation of the Oustumale Rojf'ensc in the 
volume known by that name, wrote a short account of the College 
in the Bitdiotheca Topographic a Britannica, where he says of the 
old College: " It appears by the foundations and other remains to 
have been quadrangular ; part of the east wall, now grown over 
with ivy, and large chimney pieces of the Kitchen or refectory yet 
remains in the south-east angle. Between the north side of the 
College and the south side of the Church remains part of the 
north cloister, and the doorway from it into the Church is still 
visible by the fair mouldings, though it is now stopped up; through 
this door the Master and brethren proceeded daily to their stalls, 
yet remaining on each side of the great chancel to celebrate mass 
for the souls of the founder and his noble family . . . The doorway 
with its mitred arch at the east end of the cloister yet remains, 
with the large iron hooks on which the doors hung; this appears 
to have been the eastern entrance into the College from the gardens." 

The above was written by Mr. Thorpe about 1777, and things 
remain now in pretty much the same state as regards the College, 
but the mitre he speaks of in the arch has gone, through the ravages 
of the ivy growing on it. The north cloister which he refers to 
between the College and the Church was constructed under a licence 
given by the Prior and Convent of St. Saviour's, Bermondsev. It 
is dated on 24 June 1370. A facsimile of this deed is shewu on 
Plate II. (a copy of it was published by Mr. L. B. Larking in 
Vol. 11., pp. 223, 221), and a translation of the more interesting 
part of it is added. (See Appendix No. 4, p. 99.) 

The corbels and other remains of the roof of the cloister and 
the work put uj) by the College in pursuance of this licence may 

* In a lease from Tho. Brynton, Bishop of Rochester, to the College ol five 
acres of land, part of Cobhambury Manor, dated (i August i:<75. it is described 
(Brit. Museum Harl. Charters, 43. I. 31) as lying between the land of the Bishop 
(Cobhambury Manor) towards the south and west to the moat I fossatum) about 
the .Manse of Cabham College, the Cemetery of Cobham Church and the road 
from the College to Vyaunds towards the north, and the land of the College 
called Poppynnefelde towards the east. 



7 !• COBHAM COLLEGE. 

still be Been on both walls. No doubl the cloister was roofed over- 
head, but, as the grant required, it must have been left open, or 
with doors thai could open, at both ends, to allow the parishioners 
perfect freedom for their usual processions to and round the 

Church, in which do doubt on the day of St. Man Magdalene, under 
whose invocation their Church was built and dedicated, and on 
other great festivals they freely indulged. 

Ls to the Masters of the College, a partial list of them, not 
verj correct, is given by Hasted (folio edition, vol. i., p. 50i). Mr. 
Waller describes the brasses on the tombs of those who are buried 
in the Church {ArcTuroloyut ('tui/iniia. Vol. XII., pp. 164, 165),* 
and our former Hon. Secretary and Editor, the Rev. W. Scott 
Robertson, gives in Vol. XVIII. a more complete list of the Masters, 
and shews too thai several of them were, or became, very dis- 
tinguished and held high places in the Church. He mentions a 
document Bigned by certain commissioners in the hall of this 
College in 1521, addressed to the Pope, then Leo. X., certifying 
that the Rev. Dr. Greorge Cromer, then the Master of the College 
ami Archbishop designate o^ Armagh, had taken the necessary 
qualifying oaths. Mr. Scott Robertson did not give any reference 
to the source from winch lie obtained this interest ing record, but 1 
have lately come across it in the catalogue of the Dering MSS. of 
L865 before mentioned. It is No. lot;, and this note follows (the 
name is given as " Dowell " instead of "Cromer"; : "This prelate 

pge was appointed by the King, but the Pope would never 
confirm him to the See. and appointed Robert Wauchope, a 
Scotchman, who. on the other hand, was never allowed pos- 
session." 

The hall in which this cert iticate was signed probably occupies 
the same position US the hall of the old College, and the old fire- 
place remains in it. Both Mr. Thorpe and Mr. Scott Robertson 
cribe the carvings upon it. Mr. Thorpe mentions the wiudows 

OH the south Bide; when be was there he says that there were the 

arm- of the founders in painted glass emblazoned on them. I 

\1 ■ | hi ii - Paper thai when he visited the Church in 1771 the 

i .>.]■' ol the brasses over the graves ol the Masters ol the College had been 

i .rn off and destroyed; two of them, he said, were in an old chest in the 

• restored, so far :i- \mi^ possible, by the '■arc ol 

■ \| l I Brooke, of Ufford, the descendant aud representative of the 

■ .in. IT red the magnifioenl altar-tomb <>l Greorge, Lord 

Cobham,and bis Lady (which had been almost shattered to pieces by the falling 

on ii ") ;i beam from the roof, as Sir. Thorpe relates), and the other beautiful 

ives 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 7") 

think 1 myself remember some of this glass, and that it bore Borne 
remains also of the arms of Sir Joseph Williamson, the owner of 
Cobham Mall at the end of the seventeenth century, with In* 
motto, "mb umbra alarum tuarum" bu1 this was removed when 
the Mall was restored by the late Earl (the 6th) of Darnlev aboul 
L861,* when he was himself one of the presidents of the College. 

The following is the list of the Masters of the College so far 
as the evidence of the inscriptions on their graves, the bishops' 
registers, and other documentary proofs extend : — 

1. William Shuldham (or Chuldham), the firel Blaster; he is 
named as Master in the Registrum Rqffense ; he resigned in 1 : > ; » « > . 

2. William Tanner; instituted 5 December 1 - 1'. >< > (Rochester 
Registers, vol. ii., p. 10) ; died while Master on 22 June I H8, and 
was buried in Cobham Church. 

3. John Grladwyn, mentioned as Master in 1 t20 ill the cata- 
logue of Dering MSS., No. L51, also in the register of Bishop 
Lowe (Rochester Registers, vol. iii., p. 143) in 1 1 1 I ; he died while 
Master and was buried in Cobham Church \.i>. 1 1~><>. 

I. William Bochier (or Bourchier). 

5. William Elobson, admitted in July L458, on the death of 
Win. Bochier (Rochester Registers, vol. iii.. p. 230); died c 
Augusl 1 173, and was probably buried at Cobham. t 

ii. John Molt (or Hott). The evidence for his appointment is 

that in the A.d Hook of the BishopB' Court at Rochester there is an 
ent r\ under the date of l'o September l l~o thai the will of William 
llokson. the late Master, containing no appointmenl of executors 
and no residuary bequest, administration was granted to John Molt, 
then the Master (magistro ad presens de collegio dicto). (The 
registers of the Bishops, from 1 1(!"_' to 1 I!* 1. are unfortunately lost, i 
7. John Sprottle (or Sprotte) ; nominated 1 t92 t Dering MSS. 
Catalogue, No. 153); he died 25 October 1 198 and was buried at 
Cobham. 

Aboul the same time the Earl of Darn Icy also restored the Church; the work 
it is believed was done almost entirely at his expeuse so far as the nave was 
concerned. The old pews were done awaj with and the present substantial "ak 
- substituted; the vestrj was restored; the old chuncel arch replaced by 
the present one, which is much wider The east window of painted glass was 
given by Harriet, Countess ol Damley. At the same time the chancel was 

thoroughly restored by the l.a\ Rector, Tl tas Wells, Esq., the uncle ol the 

Misses Stevens The restoration is mentioned by Mr. Waller in his Papi 
Vol. XII. 

f There is an inscription in the Church i i the inemorj ol " William 

M ister of the College, who died ucccc," but the uame and the last figure of the 
date are wanting, and the inscription might refer either to No I or No. '> above. 



76 COBHAM COLLEGE. 

8. John Alan ; instituted as Master, upon the death of J. 
Sprottle, on 12 January 1-498 {Rochester Registers, vol. iv., 
p. 23). 

9. John Baker, mentioned as Master in a lease from Dr. 
Horsey of the prebend of Cobhambury in 1502, and in the mandate 
for the induction of Dr. Horsey to that prebend. (Harl. Charters, 
"1 . (i 37. and 43. I 33.) He is also no doubt the same Master who 
is referred to as John Barker, Master in 1505 (Dering MSS. 
Catalogue, No. 155). 

10. George Crowmer; instituted as Master circa a.d. 1512; 
resigned in 1521, and was then promoted to the Archiepiscopal 
See of Armagh ; afterwards Lord High Chancellor of Ireland. 

11. John Bayly was Master at the dissolution in 1534. 

Six other names are mentioned by Mr. Scott Bobertson in 
Vol. XVIII. , pp. 4 18, 449, as having been Masters, but I cannot find 
any authority, at present, for including them. I think some of them 
may have been fellows only, or prebendaries, or have held the 
office for a very short time. He does not mention John Baker 
(No. 9). He does mention "Edward Underdown," and in the Act 
Book of the Bishops' Court there appears the name of " Edward 
Underwode," in 1480, as connected with the College ; he may have 
been Master, but he is not named in that capacity, but a citation is 
directed in 148(5 to " Edward Underwode and his brethren," so 
probably he was a Master at that date. The registers of the Bishops 
of Rochester, which began in the year 1319 (Bishop Hamo de 
Hythe), have been searched for the purpose of illustrating this 
Paper with any entries they may contain concerning the College, and 
for proving and correcting the above list, and the following entries 
have been used for that purpose. 

The first entry relating toCobham is the institution and admission 
of John de Stanwigg {Rochester Registers, vol. i., p. 158 v0 ), priest, 
to the vicarage of the Parish Church of Cobham, on the nones (7"') 
October 1333; the next is dated pridie nonas (4 th ) November 1334. 
and records the admission of Henry de Hope {Rochester Registers, 
vol. i.. p. 162 ro ), priest, to the said vicarage on the resignation <>l' 
John de Stanwigg; then the like admission of Walter de Ferneberwe 
, Rochester Registers, vol. i.. p. 220), priest to the same, on the o'th 
Kalends March {24 February) 13 !•">. thru vacant by the death of 
John Werr) (or Berry). Ail these admissions to the vicarage were 

• ■ on the presentation of the Prior and Convent of St. Saviour's, 
Bermondsey, " veros ecclesice patronos." 



<<>r.l I AM COLLEGE. 77 

On the -".tli Kalends of Fcbruan CJs .human) L363 Edward 
de Stanlake (Rochester "Registers, vol. i , p. 317) is admitted to the 
vicarage of the Parish Church of Cobham, Bnidto be vacanl bj the 
resignation of Richard Rail. 

On 17 February \.i>. 137] (after the Foundation of th< I 
the admission of Edward de Stanlake (Rochester Registers, vol. i.. 
p. 348), Chaplain to the Chantry in the Parish Church of Cobham 
on the resignation of William de Newton, the last vicar or perpetual 
chaplain, is recorded, and tin's is on the joint presentation* of the 
Prior and Convent of Bermondsey and of sir John de Cobham, 
Lord Cobham. 

The next entry found is that on the 5th day of December L390 
William Tanner (Rochester Registers, vol. ii.. p. LO), priest, was 
instituted and admitted to the said perpetual Chantry in Cobham 
Church, vacant by the resignation of William Chuldham, the last 
vicar of the Chantry of Cobham, on the like joint presentation. In 
the year 1403 (IG January I Henry IV.) there is a warrant or 
citation from the Kin m Roche <lcr Registers, vol. iii., p. 2) addressed 
to William Tanner, as Master of the College, and to two of the 
brothers. Walter Char th am and Thomas Column, and to Alicia 
Swayne of Horton Kirby, and on 2"> July 1422 there is another 
citation from the Bishop (John Langdon) addressed, not to the 
Master, but to his sons in Christ, Sir .John Thurston, John Coley, 
and Richard, the Chaplain of the parish of Cobham {Rochester 
Registers, vol. iii., p. 8), with regard to some offence committed 
(suadente Diaholo) by one Thomas Taylor, otherwise called Reynold. 

Another entry oeeiii's on 28 November I Ml (John Lowe. 
Bishop) recording (Rochester Registers, vol. iii., p. L43) that John 
Gladwyn, then Master of the College, had applied to the Bishop | no 
doubt as visitor; for a certain day to be fixed for the audit of his 
accounts and for the reformat ion of defaults (ad audiendum compotum 
suum et reformandum defect us). The morrow of St. Andrew is 
accordingly named. All persons interested are to be cited. 

* That the necessity of having a joint presentation Bometimes created diffi- 
culties may be inferred from this memorandum of the object of oi I 

purchases made by the College (Dering M.ss. Catalogue, No. 141): "] 
Annexation and endowment of the * Ihurch of Tilbury, Essex, to < lobham < 'ollege 
for iii" purpose of exchange with the Monastery of Bermondsey for the Church 
of Cobham," but the exchange was never carried out, although Tilbury became 
pari of the possessions of the College. 

The notarial certificate of the process by which the Master of the College, 
William Tanner, took possession of thN Church, is exhibited in the British 
.Museum (Case VI., Charters, No. G4). 

71 - * 















78 COBHAM COLLEGE. 

A notice is to be placed on the Church door, and especially a notice 
is to be given to Lord Cobham, then at " Cowlyng," in order to have, 
if possible, his advice (si relet consilio .sea). 

On 10 July 1 158, being the Feast of St. Lawrence, William 
Hobson (Rochester Registers, vol. hi., p. 230) is instituted as Master 
of the College on the death of " William Bochier, the last Master," 
on a similar joint presentation. On 12 January 1498* John Alan 
(Rochester Registers, vol. iv., p. 23) is recorded as having been 
instituted and admitted as Chaplain to the Chantry or College 
within {infra) the Church of Si. Mary Magdalene, in Cobham, on 
the death of John Sprott. 

No Master appears to have been recorded in the Registers as 
having been instituted after John Alan, but there are several 
entries after the suppression, from 1542 to 1554, shewing that the 
vicarage, being, as then stated, "of the presentation of my Lo. of 
Cobham," remained void. In 1542 Sir John Brytten, " Chaplain 
to my said Lord, received the profitts of the Church for his wayge;" 
afterwards Sir Peter Gartus, curate ; then other curates are named — 
Nicholas Fransham (1544), Christofer llawke (1545-6), and 
Richard Browne (1554). In each of these years the vicarage is 
returned as "void,'' and the curate for the time being as taking 
the profits of it for his wages. 

Sj much for the old College, which was dissolved and abandoned 
aboul 1536-7, and remained uninhabited until after the death of Sir 
William Brooke, Lord Cobham, on (> March '.V.) Eliz. (1596). It was 
this nobleman who founded the present, or new, College of Cobham. 
He had, it would seem, intended to rebuild it himself during his 
life, but died before he could accomplish his purpose. By his will, 
dated the preceding 24 February, he made provision for his wishes 
to be carried out. 

We gather the purport of his willf from the Act of Parliament, 
which was passed shortly alter his death, viz., 39 Eliz., which 
recites that, whereas the Right Eonorable late Sir William Brooke, 
of the Order of the Garter, Knight. Lord Cobham and Lord 
Chamberlayne of the Queen's Majesty's Household, had. in his 

• Many of the admissions, etc., thai Bhould be contained in these Registers 
were probably never recorded, and Bome no doubl which are recorded have been 
overlooked. There is scarcely any index io the contents. Marginal notes are 
often wanting, and much is verj difficull to decipher, [fever the Registers are 
printed and published, and it is greatly to be desired thai they should be, no 
doubl much rurtber information will be available. 

+ A copy of this pari of the will is also given in Archaologia Cantiana, 
Vol. XI . p. 214. 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 79 

lifetime, resolved to erecl and endow, for the perpetual relief of 
poore people, one Colledge at Cobham in the County of Kent. 
which he intended to be called "The New Colledge of Cobham," 
but being prevented bj Bickness, he recommended by hie will the 
care and performance thereof to Sir John Leveson, Thomas Kane, 
Esq., and William Lambarde, three of hie executors, requiring 
them to perform the same within Eour yeares nexl aftei his death, 
and i" thai end gave unto them all those edifices, ruined buildings, 
and Bcite and ground lying in Cobham aforesaid, with the appur- 
tenances, which sometime were the estate of the late suppr< 
Colledge of Cobham aforepaid, together with a close of pasture 
containing by estimation three acres thereunto adjoining, and 

ther with a hundred thousand of burned bricks and forty I 
of timber. And did moreover leave in the hands of his said executors, 
< .r Borne of them, certain sums of money, to be employed as well in 
re-edifyinge of the said Colledge as in the purchasing of lands. 
tenements, and hereditaments in fee simple for the continual 
maintenance of poore persons to inhabit the same, to be in such 
manner so elected, weekly relieved, and by such rule.", etc., to be 
governed, and by such persons to be visited, corrected, and expulsed 
as by the direction and good consciences of the said Sir John 
Leveson, Thomas Fane, and William Lambarde should be in writing 

down and appointed. Lpon the re-edifyinge the twentysmall 
Lodgings within the which said College the} had already bestowed 
£500 in money at the least, and do intend to finish the same, and 
to purchase lands and employ the profitts thereof for the relief of 
the poore, according to the said trust reposed in them, and the 
Royal assent was thereupon given to carry out Lord Cobham's 

intentions and it was further enacted "thai the warden.- for tin- time 

being of Rochester Bridge, which be continually chosen of such 
persons as be of great estimation and credit in the comity, who noe 
doubt will be faith full and carefnll for the due performance of 
honourable and charitable a work, should be made a body corporate 
as the Presidents of the New College of Cobham, and have the 
government of the said College 

The following letter from Mr. Lambarde, addressed to the greal 
Lord Burghley, the Lord High Treasurer of England, only a few 
days apparently after Lord Cobham's death, fully explains the 
position of matters and how the money was entrusted to the executors 
for t he College : — 

Albeit my most honourable and gracious Lord that my Lord Cobham will 
present your Lordship with a brief, and large copy, of the last will of that m<>»t 



80 COBHAM COLLEGE. 

honourable and christian Lord, both in life and death, his late departed good 
father, v.-t forasmuch as his last disposition standeth not only in his known 
testament but chiefly in the declaration of a secret confidence reposed in Sir John 
1 . Bon, Mr. Fane, the lieutenant of Dover Castle, and myself, whereof he hath 
also in these his last desires recommended the oversight to your good Lordship 
and Mr. Secretary, I take it to stand both with his own good pleasure and my 
duty to make known hereby (since your Lordship's indisposition of body 
permitteth not my access) the heads and very contents of the same. 

Bis Lordship therefore minding an undoubted a mplishment of his godly 

and fatherly intentions as well towards the Poore as his own children did in his 
lifetime put into the hands of Sir John Leveson the sum of £5,600 almost, in 
ready money, over and above rich furniture of his lady's provision amounting 
in his own estimacion to ihe value of 2,000 marks. His commandment to us 
wa< that with £2,000 or more of these monies the late suppressed College of 
Cobham should be re-edih>d and endowed with livelihood for the perpetual 
maintenance of twenty poor. Next, that with £2,000 or thereabouts his second 
-on Sir William Brook should be freed out of debt for to so much he knew him 
to be endangered by the mortgage of his lands and leases and by other bonds, 
ami lastly that an interest for life in some competent dwelling-house be procured 
for his third son Mr. George Brook, and that some consideration should be taken 
of the poor estate of his daughter's children by Mr. Edward Becker, and as for 
the furnitures he would have them to be delivered to such of his three sons as 
should tir-t bestow himself in marriage. 

Give me leave, most honourable Lord, to add somewhat of his and of mine 
concerning my now Lord Cobham and his brethren which neither it will grieve 
you to hear nor I, without their wrong, may pretermit to write. We frod them 
all not only to concur in most cheerful obedience to the utmost execution of 
their good father's will and purposes, but also to contend among themselves 
whether of them shall be more kind and bountiful to the other, whereof I most 
humbly beseacb your good Lordship to take knowledge, and to confirm it in 
them with your good liking, their honourable father being moved by me to use 
them, or some of them, for the execution of his will ; however in the setting down 
of 1 i i — former wills he had pretermitted them in regard, as I conceive, of their 
minorit ies, he answered thus : •' I would well to follow the example of my father 
herein, who notwithstanding that I and other of my brethren were then of 
men's estate, ordained Benedict Spinola and Mr. Osborn to he Ins executors." 

I have -aid enough, if not too much, considering the present weakness of your 
rfiip's bod)', which I most heartily pray the heavenly physician to re-cure, 
and bo most humbly take my leave. From Lincoln's Inn this xv day of March. 
Tour good Lordship's most humble and bounden 

l>\ \ our manifold favours 

Wild im Lambabde. 

Tin- work evidently proceeded :it a goo. I pace, and the whole 
was completed long within the term assigned by the Testator. Not 
only the rules and ordinances, bul the Order for daily prayers, 
morning and evening, which follow them, were most elaborately 




-. 1 1. \ -« i. i '■ « hi. i <>i ii •. i Buildings, taken prom rHE South, shewing i n i 
iiorial I \ki.i. i ro rHE Founder oi the New College. 



1 Mi I.' . S 



COBHAM COLLEGE. s l 

and carefully drawn up, and one caunot doubt but thai this was 
the work of Mr. Lambarde himself.* To him also we must ascribe 
the erection of a tablet, with the arms and quartering, containing 
12 coats within a Garter, to the memory of bhe Founder of the 
College, which now stand on the south side of the ruined entrance 
of the old College. The inscription on the tablet runs thus: — 

" This oew College of Cobham in the County of Kent was founded for the 
relief of the poore at the charge of the late Right Honorable sir William 
Brooke, Knight of the Garter, Lord Cobham, late warden of the Cinque Port-, 
Lieutenant for the same County to the Excellent Majesty of Elizabeth, Queen 
of England, one of Her Highnesses Privy Councillors and Chamberlayne of 
Her most Honorable Household He died 6th March 1590. This was finished 
29th September 1598." 

The qualification of a candidate for the new College was defined 
by the rules. He, or she, must be one of the honest and Godly 
poore or needy ; innst have dwelt in the parish by all the space of 
3 yeares next before, and must have been relieved at the charge of 
the parish ; none but such as could say the Lord's Prayer, the 
articles of the Christian belief and the ten commandments of God ; 
none enemy to the gospel of God, or to his religion now established 
by authoritie in this realme ; no common swearer; none adulterer ; 
no thiefe or hedgebreaker ; no common drunkard ; nor any that had 
before been expulsed from this College. 

ESach of the pensioners, their children, and servants were daily 
to wear upon their right shoulder before, and "apparently," the badge 
of the College, which was a small brass plate bearing the crest of the 
Brooke family — under the penalty of sixpence for every default ; none 
of the poor were to give any railing speech to any other of them under 
the like pain of sixpence. They were not to beg alms, nor to haunt any 
tippling house within two miles of the College except when at work 
near thereto, nor to keep tippling within the College, nor to swear 
any manner of blasphemous or unlawful oaths, under penalties ; 
they were to maintain their own glass windows, and in May and 
also in January in every year the paymaster was to read the rules 
to the assembled pensioners. He was also to judge of the forfeits 
and penalties; and as often as the minister of Cobham upon the 
firsl Sunday of every quarter was to assemble the pensioners in the 

* About the year 1 .~>T«> Mr. Lambarde had himself founded a very similar 
College for the poor at East Greenwich. This College was also for a warden, 
Bub-warden, and eighteen poor as Cobham was ; and tor the governing body the 

Master of the Rolls and the two Wardens of the Drapers' Company were made 
by Letters Patent a Corporation for Greenwich, as the Wardens of Etoohl 
Bridge were for Cobham. 

VOL. XXVII. O 



82 CfVBH.VM COLLEGE. 

Parish Church before evening prayer and examine them in saying 
the Lord's Prayer, the articles of the Christian faith, and the ten 
commandments, so often he was to have three shillings and four- 
pence : and the poor on the second Sunday in every quarter were 
to go to Cobham Hall if the Lord Cobham, or the Lady his wife, 
should then keep house there, to present themselves in thankful 
manner. The paymaster was to have the sum of forty shillings for 
his pains, besides his shares of the forfeits. 

The special prayer, morning and evening, to be used in the 
College, was in these words: — 

" God save His Church universal, our gracious sovereign King 
( ), the nobility and councillors, the presidents of this College, 

and the whole clergy and commonalty of this realine." 

The dimensions of the interior quadrangle of the College are 
60 feet 7 inches on the north and south sides and 51 feet on the east 
and west. There are twenty houses altogether; first, that of the 
warden, who is elected by the principal visitor of the College (now 
the Earl of Harnley, for the time being, in place of Lord Cobham) ; 
next that of the sub-warden, elected by the presidents themselves; 
and eighteen others elected by various parishes, no doubt the 
parishes in which the Cobham estates were principally situated, 
viz., Cobham and Hoo St. Werburgh each three, Shorne and Strood 
each two, and Cooling, Cliffe, Chalk, Gravesend, Higham, St. 
Mary's, Cuxton, and Hailing each one. 

The electors are the, minister and the churchwardens and sides- 
men (if duly admitted). In Cobham and Shorue they nominate 
two persons for each vacancy, and the Earl of Darnley selects one 
of them. Similarly in Cuxton and Hailing Sir John Leveson was 
to select one during his life, and afterwards his heirs, provided he 
resided at Whornes Place, then Sir J. Leveson's residence, which 
lav in part of each of those parishes. 

It is evident, from what Mr. Thorpe sa) r s in his article in the 
liihJiotheca Topographica, that in the first half of the eighteenth 
a ntiin the rules were very little observed, and so the College got 
into great disrepute. The parishes entitled to elect the poor sent 
only the dissolute and obnoxious characters whom they wished to 
<_<t rid of. The presidents were usually gentlemen who lived at a 
distance, and no discipline was maintained. The late Dr. Thorpe, 
wh<i lived at Rochester and became a warden of Rochester Bridge 
and a president of the College in 17:51, very soon rectified all this. 
Ii was by his care and assiduity that the College was put on a 
proper footing. He drew up the forms which are still in use, and 







33 

- 



COBIIAM COLLEGE. 



83 



which oblige the electors of the various parishes to certify thai the 
persons they elect do comply with the rules ami arc worthy of 
reception in the College. 

Ever since his time there has been no default in these respects, 
and he well deserves the eulogy and tribute which are given to him by 
his son in the article referred to. 

The seal of the old College, 
which 1 have been able to get from 
an impression preserved at the 
British Museum, represented the 
figure of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary supporting the Divine in- 
fant with her left arm and hav- 
ing in her right hand a lily ; a 
figure is kneeling before her in 
adoration of the infant, and the 
legend round the seal is " Sig- 
illum Cantarie de Cobham." 
Mr. Lambarde, being a Protestant of the Protestants, would not of 
course for one moment retain symbols which he believed to be 
superstitious, and so he adopted for the new College a new seal, 






which represents the bridge of Bochester (the two wardens of which 
are the presidents of the College), with a lion for the Brooke crest. 
Afterwards Dr. Thorpe ordered two new small silver seals for the 

g 2 



81- COBHAM COLLEGE. 

presidents' use— the privy seals as they were then termed — and 
these bore the arms of Lord Cobham with the motto "piis et 
pauperibus," and the inscription "The Presidents of the New- 
College of Cobham." On the seal of the junior president the arms 
are placed obliquely for " difference." 

The porch at the south-eastern entrance of the College was so 
constructed that the pillar or support at the east corner is shorter 
than the others, and this gives the whole porch and its tiled roof a 
"list" to the eastward and has a grotesque appearance. I am 
informed by competent authorities that it must have been so con- 
structed from the first, and that it is not in consequence of any 
slip or falling away of the work. The porch of the south-west side 
is modern (1S52), and not in character with the rest of the building. 
The small house at the south-west, outside the College itself, is the 
paymaster's house, and is occupied by the village nurse, 
f The accounts of the receipts and payments for the Xew College 
for the first 104 years (159S — 1702) are contained in a parchment- 
covered volume (since re-bound) bearing simply the words " The 
Xewe Colledge, Cobham." Mr. Hugh Southerne of Rochester was 
the first paymaster. His first account extends from 24 March 
41 Eliz. (1598) to 31 May 1599, and is certified by the allow- 
ance of the two first presidents of the College, Sir John Leveson 
and William Lambarde, by a special memorandum in the hand- 
writing of the latter; it is also signed by Sir Peter Manwood, 
one of the succeeding presidents. The account shews the receipt of 
rents for a farm at Shorne and Chalk in Kent, then let to Anthony 
Fisher, of £26 13s. 4d. ; and for other woodland held by him in 
Shorne, 13s. 4d. ; and for two farms at Eatonbridge (Kdenbridge) 
called respectively "Mowses" and " Stoyles," the rents of which were 
respectively £40 and £2G ; so that the total income was £93 Gs. 8d. 
The payments to the twenty pensioners were Gs. 8d. each 
per calendar month, making a total for the year of £80; the pay- 
master's salary was £2 ;* the fee to the "Minister" of Cobham for 
examining the pensioners, etc., 13s. 4d. for the whole year; but 
innumerable payments for tiles and timber and for repairs and 
other necessaries more than absorbed the balance of the income. 

* I am pleased to put on record that the salary of the paymaster or clerk 
has never been altered from 1598, when it was fixed at 40s. It is true that in 
1766 an additional t'». 8d. a year was given to him, hut then the paymaster was 
also appointed woodreeve to the presidents. And this continues to be the 
remuneration to Uie present time, although the gross income is about £400 a 
year and ha- in better times reached £500. The ollice has, in fact, always been 
considered an honorary one. 



comi \m < OLLEGE. 85 

The repairs, indeed, were Erom the firsl very heavy; year after 
year there is a large expenditure for carpenters' and bricklaj 
work and, especially in the earlier years, for tiles, of which many 
thousands were bought and put in place, which leads to the 
inference that the New College was thrown open to I be poor before 
ii had been properly completed. 

It, may be well to suy here that the farm ;it Shorne, im« called 
Smith's Farm (which tin- first presidents bought of Mr. Q-eorge 
Byng of Wrotham for £680 in L598),* remains to tliis day pari of 
the possessions of the College; small portions of it have been sold 
or given in exchange, but the bulh remains. It \\;is " in the good 

Some "i the papers connected with the negotiations between the predidenta 
.- 1 ■ i r t .Mr. Byng are preserved with the conveyance and title-deeds. There are 
upwards of eighty deeds relating to tin' earlier dealings with some parts ol the 
property beginning temp, Edward III There are also the drafts of i he contract, 
the recognisanoe, and of the deed <>r bargaiu and sale, by whioh the estate was 
oonveyed to the College. This latter bears several corrections and additions mi 
.Mi-. Lambarde's o»n handwriting. There are also preserved with the deed 
several autograph letters from Sir John Leveson and Mr. Byng, either addressed 
to Mr. Lambarde personally, or whioh came to his hands and uric placed by 
In in with tin' title-deeds. Here are two of them : — 

Snt John Lkvknon TO Mil. SWAYNE. 

(Probably the agent lor the Lord Cobham's estates ) 

Good m Swai ne, 

I have promished to pay to M' Byng 800" lor land bought ol' him tor 
my l.o. Cobham's bospitall, w h I pray yon to give me leave to trouble you with 
the payment of at your oonv 08 oul of the mony remayning in the iron ohest 
upon wshp'full ii'cnd .M' Lumbard [sending?] to you that lie hath reoeaved 
.\r Byng's obligation, and so «"' my wife's and my hartyest com'endations to 

you and M'" Suaync 1 lake my leave. 

Hailing, the 7"' of May 1598. v . , ,,, 

J Your most assured I' 1 , 

J. Lkvkson. 

[Addressed] To my very assured lovyng frend M r Will'" Suaync a I his house 
in Aldersgate Street. 



Mil. liYNG OK WUOTHA.U To Mil. L.V M UA l( UK. 
SlK, 

I lend y°S r John Leveson'sl're; upon y 1 first sigh! whereof be bath assured 
me payment of 880", being the residue of the price of my land at Shorn, w h 1 praj 
y° cause to be payd w'th as much s,.cde as conveniently you may, either i" mj 

servant Thomas Hunt, (he bearer hereof, or to my cosin Daniel Sky ir, when 

wheather of them ghalbe at best leysure to attend y° for it, and as muoh i hereol 
in good gold (according to yo r promise; as you may baue, and I !>• eoh you 
think not that Tarn more hasty to lingar yo r money than lam ready a willing 
& careful] to satisfle y° in all good dealing touching the oonveigbanoe & ai ur 
anoe of my land. God bath at this present sent me n little lamenesseor reither 
sicnesse thai I cannol endure a boote, by reason whereof I ihall nol I" 10 -one 
al London as I propos'd, Bui I trusl by lu- favor to be with y°a full seveni 
at least w'thin the terme, and to nnisne th'assuranoe aoooraing to yo 1 desyre, 



86 COBHAM COLLEGE. 

times " let at so much as £236 a year, but now the rent is greatly 
reduced, and the burden of the tithe root-charge also falls on the 
College. 

The farms at Edenbridge were sold a few years after they 
were acquired. The purchase-money seems to have been kept by 
sir John Leveson until lie could find a suitable re-investment, but on 
12 March 1615 (12 James I.) he conveyed to trustees for the College 
a farm at Wesi Thin-rock and stifford in Essex, with 41 acres 
2 roods 6 poles of marsh land called the AVest Marshes. The con- 
veyance does not state the price given. 

There seems to have been something not quite satisfactory to 
the presidents in Sir John Leveson's conduct of this business. The 
farm called " Stoyles " at Edenbridge must have been rented at 
above its value, for in 1603 they remitted £3 out of the year's 
rent to the tenant in regard to the " hard pennyworth " that it was 
to him. After its sale Sir John continued to pay an annuity of 
£21 a year, to make up the rent to the College, until 1614, wheu 
he appears to have purchased the other College property at Eden- 
bridge called " Mowses." Then there is an entry of a receipt from 
"Sir John Leveson, Knight, and of the Lady Christiane Leveson 
his wife, by way of annuity, and in lieweof certaine landes in Essex, 
entended to be estated upon the said Colledge, for one year, £61." 
The conveyance above referred to was then made, and in the 

In the meane t3'nie I send you iuy bond for repaym* of the money primo Junii 
next, iind all th'evidences of these lands whereby you may make a draught of 
ytf purchase, w 1 ' I wish to be don by the mydst of the next weke ai the furthest. 
My father made three sev'all p'chses of the lands, which you may see, whereof 
the tir>t two being from Becher are all conteyned in Smith's lease, and the 
third being fro' Edmeades* was by my father graunted fro' year to year either to 
Smith or his assigne Antony Fisher, for xiij s iiij' 1 p'r annum, the wood excepted 
and is retained by me, but is determinable at auy Michaelmas. My desyer is 
you should have as good assurance of it fro' me as you can possibly devise, not 
encumbring the residue of my landes, wherein I dare repose myself on your 
equity and favor, thai von will not think it mete to hinder or discredit me by 

urioue & cautelous p vision for another. Given thus iu hast, u" 1 my hartyesl 
com'endac'ons to you I commend us both t<> the favor of God in Christ. 

W'rothain, 11"' Maij 1598. 

Yo™ in all true aflfec'on, 

Geo. Btno. 

[Addressed] To the righl worshipful] my very assured loving trend M r William 
Lambarde, Esquyer,at his chamber in Lincolnslnn. < Jive these 
al London. 



.Mr II. in, Edmeades of Nursted bad sold part of the Shorue property to 

Mr. Byng*8 Father a few yean before; bis conveyance is with the title-deeds. 

The family have continued to live at Nursted, and their present representative 

liajor-Gen. E/dmeades, late B.A., of Nursted Court, a member of our Society. 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 87 

following year the rents of the two tenants, amounting together fco 
£62 16s. 8d., are credited as having been paid to the College ; bul 
there are items of later date shewing that there was trouble in 
getting the full rents, and that the presidents were of opinion thai 
they still had some claim on Sir John, or rather, as he had then 
died, on his son and representative, Sir Eichard Leveson. Thus, 
on 24 April 1628, at the annual election of the wardens and 
assistants of Rochester Bridge, they (and among them the two 
presidents, the Earl of Westmorland and Sir George Fane) passed 
a resolution to the effect that " they required Sir Eichard to become 
teunent to them for the payment of all such monyes as was 
appointed by the will of William, Lord Cobhain, until such tyme 
as he shall purchase and assure landes of thai valew Eor the use of 
the said College." They had, previously to taking this step, beeu 
advised by "Mr. Eandolfe, the Counsellor,'' but no good result 
seems to have followed. So late as 164-8 the paymaster enters 
a charge for himself and his clerk for taking a letter to Sir Richard 
in Staffordshire, and afterwards following him to London, thus: — 

1647-8 Paid for a horse-hyer of 14 daies into Staffordshire to carry 
a letter from the Presidents to Sir Eichard Leveson in 
the behalf e of the poore. £2 4*. Oct. 

It. paid Henry Nicholls for his journey. 14s. 

It. paid for marines meate and horse-meate in the journey. 

£1 lis. 

It. to John Atkins (the paymaster) for five daies being in 
London to waite on my Lord of Westmorland when he 
went to Sir Eichard Leveson to gett him to make that 
rent good in Essex \v h hath so longe been kept from the 
poore. 15s. 

but still, Sir Eichard does not appear to have paid anything at all. 
Eor many years the revenues of the College were impoverished by 
the expense of keeping up the river wall which protected, or should 
have protected, these west marshes at Thurrock, and by payments 
to the Commissioners of Sewers, and, in consequence, the small 
pensions of the inmates of the College had to be reduced ; and 
finally, in 1693, the whole of these marshes were overflowed by the 
river Thames and irretrievably lost. Some other portions of the 
Essex property have been sold, but about 82 acres at W 
Thurrock still belong to the College. 

Here are some of the items from the payment side of the 



88 COBHAJl COLLEGE. 

account book (for the first four years the receipts are entered at 
the beginning of the book and the disbursements at the eud) : — 

1598-99 Item, tor this p'nt booke of receiptes and payements. 

ij*. \]d, 

It'm for a chest and locke with two severall kayes for the 

use of the College. vs. 

It'm to Sir Jobn Leveson .... due unto him upon his 

accompte for the buildinge of the same Colledge. 

vli. xiijs. viijr/. 

1599-1600 Payd more to him (John Clement) .... for worke in 

imikinge the pewes for the poore people in Cobham 

Church. vijs. 

more to him for two lockes for the iron doore. xs. vjd. 

for two payer of rydes for tbe great gate and the Hall 

door. vijs. 

for xxiij cognusances (Lyons)* for the poore theare to 

w r eare unto Zelous Whyte. iiijs. viijJ. 

for two newe lockes for the outward door towardes the 

Church, and the outward gate next the gardeins. vijs. 

1600-1 .... for a locke for the middle gate of the Colledge. ijs. vjd. 

1601-2 .... for makinge of the two great gates for the woodyard 

and setting up another gate going into the gardein of 

William Meares, one of the Almsmen. vjs. viij</. 

1602-3 Paid M r Mudde the resident Minister at Cobham for his 

paines in instructinge of the said poore people in the 

principles of Religion for one whole yeaer now ended. 

xiijs. \vd. 

paid Christopher Stace .... for newe rippinge of some 

part of the fore syde of the Colledge and mendinge of 

the walles and Chymneys at xvid. p. diem. xvij.v. [\d. 

paid him for his labourer for 13 daics @ x<l. p. diem. xs. \<l. 

paid for an hand bell to call the said poore people to 

morning and evening prayer. iiijs. \i</. 

paid Anthonie Fisher of Shorne (the College tenant), 

disbursed by him in a sute against the Vicar of Shorne 

* These were square brass badges, :! inches ) • \ '2,\ inches, with the Brooke 
arms '" Gules, on a chevron or, three lions passant Bable) engraved thereon, and 
fitted with holes on each of the four si<ies so that they could he sewn on to the 
■ ■lot h of the pensioner's garments, They were worn out or lost, ami in L693 
someone, probably Bir Joseph Williamson, gavea new Bet, some of which are 
now in existence; they have engraved on them, below the arms, "New .Coll: 
Cobham . 1698." Only one lion i- -hewn on the chevron. 



COBIlAM COLLEGE. B9 

for certaiDe Tyth by him challenged (as it is thought) 

wrongfullie. ij*. v\d. 

L603-4 Paid Eor the slytting of a peece of Oak Eor the partic'on 

ground-sill. vi\jd. 

paid for a payre of rydes Eor the doore of the partic'on. xvid. 

1001-5 Paid .... for making and setting up of pales and rayls in 
the backyarde and a new gate into the entraunce of the 
garden plotted to the high-waye. ij*. viiirf. 

[This no doubl refers to the land allotted to the 
20 pensioners for gardens, and the gate is that into 
the road hy Cobhambury.] 

1606-7 Paid John Dewling for mendinge of the rafters and 
" entertayre " of the Porche and laying of a oewe 
joiste in the Hall flower. xiiijaf. 

,, for horse liyer twice to the College in the plague tyine 
to take order for their keepinge in the Colledge and 
provydiuge of victuales to be brought them. ij*. 

1609-10 It'mto John Hott for halfealoadeof tymberforthemakinge 
of a pent-house in the South East angleof theCourt.* iiijs. 

1613-4 To Water carriage of 4,500 plame tyles (and other 
materials) to " Seaven Sisters. "t vs. 

1615-6 To John London 3° ffeb 1 ' 1615 for Carpenters worke on the 
Porch of the Sowth syde of the Colledgc, new reapinge 
of the same in the grownd cells, punchions, posies. 
shoares and rafters. vij*. 

1617-N Paid .... for two tonnes of Oaken tymber for repayringe 

of the ground celles of the South syde of Colledgc Hall 

at xis. the Tonne. xw.s. 

,, 200 of oaken boarde for the Hall flower, being over 

the seller and rotteu. vij*. 

161S-9 Paid to John Salmon reader to the said poore Ins fee for 
one whole year begon 25 Maii 1618. xxs. 

[The payment of 13s. Id. to the Minister was last 
made to Mr. Mudde in 1611. and the payment of this 
20s. to one of the pensioners as "reader" takes it- 
place for some years, i.e., until 1630.] 

* In Mr. Thorpe's view of the College, in Bibliotheca Topographica, taken 
a in nit 1770, a pent house is shewn on the south-west corner of the quadrangle, so 
probably there wore two. 

f There arc many entries for carriage to " Seven Sisters at Cuxton." It 
must have been well known then, bul I cannot now trace the name; probabrj 
some wharf. 



90 COBHAM COLLEGE. 

1621-2 Item paid to Boatson Hermis of Stroud for a Bell for the 

Colledge of Cobhani. viijs. 

Item for navies to hang the Bell. xijrf. 

Item .... for the makinge of a new pentice over the West 

doore in the College. vs. 

Item to John Rockwell for 14 deal bords to lay a floor in 

the pay house at Cohham. xiiijr/. 

Item for a locke and a keye for the deske in the Haule. 

xvu'yi. 

1623-4 Item for a square table for the College and a carpett. vis. 

1621-5 Paid for M r Cozens (to advise about repairs) his diner at 

Cobham and for my own. xvjd. 

„ for 12 new pannells for the Haule. xiid. 

,, for my horse hier with the ploiner of Rochester to 

look on the pypes when the water was last lost. xvid. 

„ for towardes mendynge of the pypes and repayringe 

of the conditt (conduit). xxd. 

1629-30 Paid to Mr. Trigge the Minister of Cobham for reedinge 

of prayers to the poare. xxs. 

1630-1 Paid to John Vidgeon the joyner for a table for the poore 

to receive the Communion, to stand in the Haule of the 

Colledge, and a Chayer (Chair) to the same, xiijs. iiij(/. 

Paid Bricklayer for xix daies about tyling at the Colledge 

.... and makinge of three new ovens a ijs. and viijs. 

a day for him, and his labourer. Is. viip/. 

Paid to Mr. Trigge the Minister for his paynes in instructing 

of the poore for this year alowed by the Presidents.* x\s. 

1632-3 Paid to Nathaniell Pranke for making of anewseate in the 

Square Courte of the College, he iindinge the stuff, xxs. 

„ for cullering the bench and seat. ivs. 

1633-4 „ alowance for gold that was to light. xxd. 

1634-5 Paid to Mr. Philpotte for a quarte of wine when Sir John 

Hales (one of the Presidents) went to Cobham College. 

x v i </. 

L636-7 Paid Nathaniel] Franke . . . . I'M' Betting up of the Portch 

and bourding p'te of Richard Russell's chamber, t .wis. 

' Mr. Trigge b name does doI appear in Hasted in liis list of the Incumbents. 
He continued i<> receive the i"-. yearly until L635, when a reader was again 
appointed. 

t This porch must, I think, have stood mi the; north side of the College, at 
tlir gate leading into the churchyard. Russell occupied the Cuxton house 
u Inch adjoins that gateway 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 91 

L642-3 .Mowed Richard Clerke For the payments due upon the 
An of 6400,000. \li. 

L645-6 Paid for horse-byer to Maydston to gel a letter from the 
Comittie to the Comittie in Essex to getl the taxes taken 
of from the lands that belonge to the Colledge. iij*. vid. 

1G-K.J-7 Item paid for a horse-hyer for two dayes when I went to 
give notice to the several] parishes of the order that 
was made by the Presidents, etc.* vs. 

1052-3 Paid and alowed for the taxes at Michaelmas L652 and .... 

£12 19*. oV.f 

ll).")9-60 Paid a man for shoaring up y 1 ' Porch. Is. 6d. 

lt>()L-2 Paid for two horse hyers at two sev'all tymes to Cobliam 
when y fl Commissioners for Charitable uses sett their 
about tbe Poores business.^ 6*. 8d. 

Paid Mr. Cumber, Minister of Cobham, for instructing y c 
poore of the College one whole yeare according to the 
ordinance, etc.§ 13s. 4ed. 

K5S7-S Paid Goodman Fenner for his last year's sallary (the 
appointment of one of the parishioners as overseer, or 
"informer," continued for many years). 5s. Od. 

1688-9 Mem" 1 .— All the ffloure of the Hall and the Skrene and 
whiting id' it. made good at the only charge of Sir .Joseph 
Williamson of Cobham Hall, Kii'. this yeare. 

1689-90 Mem" 1 . — All the bricks, tiles, lynie, and sand that were 
used for the repaire of the College this year were given 
Freely by Sir Joseph Williamson of Cobham Hall, Kn'. 

L693-4 Paid for horse hier and Boat-hier when I went into Kssex 
with sum of the Poore of Cobham to certifie them that 
their land was under water. 7s. Od. 



* The poor had only seven months' pension this year. The parishes from 
which i hey came were still liable tor their support uuder the circumstances. 

f Arabie figures were first used in this account bonk, instead of Roman, in 
L645; after L652 they are invariably used. 

X Since L646 to L656 the pensions ha 1 been paid irregularly, or in parf 
only, and sometimes not at all. The poor bad appealed to the Commissioners. 
From 165!) the lull twelve payments of £6 L3s. Id. had been resumed, but 
there was perhaps a feeling of resentment against the presidents, who for some 
years before the Restoration had been of the Puritan party. In the Bridge 
election for L661 an entirely new Inly was chosen. 

$ From lfr-SJ (when the Rev Trigg last received this fee) reader- were 

appointed and paid 40s. a year. They were, apparent!}', chosen from the pen- 
sioners, and the entries of such payments continue until 1645; then they stop, 
and no payment is entered until the year lilt!:* : after this date the minister or 
curate of Cobham is found to be in receipt of the fee almost continuously until 
1850. In 1810 the fee was increased to CI Us. Sd., and mi continued until 1850. 



92 COB It AM COLLEGE. 

1694-5 Paid for horse hire and Boat hire and other expences when 

I went to Kainhara in Essex, being sumoned about the 

dround land there. 10s. Od. 

Paid for expences and charges five daies in London to gitt 

an Act of Parliament to drain the land in Essex that is 

now under water. £1 10s. Od. 

1695-6 Paid John Wellard for a box to put forfeitures in. 5s. Od. 

The second volume of the College accounts extends from 1702 

to 1843 ; the entries, however, are greatly curtailed and give few 

particulars. In 1701-5 there is an allowance to the tenant of the 

farm at JShorne of £16 fur the damage done to his buildings by the 

great storm of 1703 (the storm which Addison sang of, "Such as, 

of late, o'er pale Britannia passed "), " towards his charge of the 

repairing his house and barn; the late greate and dredfull storme 

of wind did him." 

In the account for 1733-4, one of the years when Dr. Thorpe was 
oue of the presidents, there appear these two items relating to matters 
which must have had his special care and are referred to above : — 

By paid Mr. John Colson for printing Rules and ordinances, etc., 

for Cobham College. £9 6s. Gd. 

Paid James Whigley for two silver seals. £4 18s. Od. 

In the year 1761-2 Edward Hasted was one of the presidents 
and signs the account book, so that three well-known Kentish anti- 
quaries at least — William Lambarde, Dr. Thorpe, and Hasted — 
have all served on the Trust; indeed, most if not all the principal 
landowners for this part of the county for the last three centuries 
and a half have taken a share in the management of the College. 

When the revenues were still suffering from the loss of the 
land in Essex and the presidents had to defend themselves from 
the complaints of the poor whose pensions were not paid, it was 
finally arranged that for the first year after election they should 
have no payment, and gradually by the savings so effected and 
from the increase in the rents the finances were brought to a better 
condition. In L820 the monthly payment had been increased from 
66 13s. 4d. to £20, but in 1821 it is recorded that "the income 
of the Charity having been much reduced by the reduction in 
value of all agricultural produce, etc., the sum of £16 is to be 
paid in future per month in lieu of £20." In 1843 it had risen 
agaiu to £18; afterwards, iu lsso, it got so high as £34 13s. 4d., 
but is, at the presenl day, again reduced to £27 a mouth, and even 
that is now maintained with difficulty. 



COBIIAM COLLEGE. ( J3 



APPENDIX No. 1. 
Translation of the Peed of Reconveyance to John, Lord Cobham, 

S FehUVAUY I RlCHABD II. 

To all the faithful in Chrisl to whom this presenl writing indented shall come 
Reginald de Coheham late parson of the church of Couling and William de 

II alden Greeting in the Lord. Whereas sir John de Coin ■ham lord of Coheham 
on .Monday next alter the Feasi "i S 1 Luke the Evangelisl in the fortieth year of 
the reign of the Lord Edward [ate KniL r of Englan d grandfather of the now lord 
king hv his certain deed enfeoffed us together with Sir Thomas de Ludelowe 
knighl and John de Idelegh nov deceased of the manor of Coheham with 
appurtenances and also of all lands and tenements meadows marshes and rent- 
with appurtenances which on the aforesaid Monday he obtained in the Tills of 
Coheham Schome Coklestone Lodesdon Mepbam Nutstede Northflete Clive 
Regham Strode Frendesbery Byerling Bastmalling and Leybourne Upcherche 
Ronham and Iwade Ealghesto and the Blessed Mary in Hoo and of the wood 
called Clerhegge in the vill of Little Pekham next Tonehrigge and of the re\< r- 
-ions of the manor of Staupete in the Isle of Schepeye and of live marks of 
animal rent with appurtenances coming from the manor of Beugebery in Thorn- 
ham wbioh Agnes who was the wife of Sir Roger de Northwode knight held for 
the term of her life of the inheritance of the same Sir John and which by virtue 
of the assignment aforesaid should remain to us and our heirs after the death of 
the aforenamed Agnes to hold to us and our heirs in fee simple without any con- 
dition and that afterwards by his certain other deed indented under date of 
Monday nexl after the feasi of S' Luke the Evangelist in the forty first year of 
the reign of the said Lord Edward late Kintr of England reciting the feoffment 
and grant aforesaid of the manor lands tenements marshes wood reversions and 
rents aforesaid with appurtenances in the vills aforesaid as is aforesaid he ratified 
our estate aforesaid in the premises and accepted the manor lands tenements 
rents and services wood and mar-lie- aforesaid in the towns aforesaid and the 
reversions with appurtenances of us to hold only at our will wholly renouncing 
any other estate in the same as in the aforesaid deeds enrolled on the dorse of 
the close of the Chancery of the Lord the King Richard in the month of 
December in the fourth year of his reign more fully is contained. Of which 
same lands and tenements with appurtenances abovesaid we in the meantime 
have granted, that is to say, one messuage eighteen acres of land and four acres 
of marsh called Potemannes and the marshes called Bolehanie and Swan pole 
with appurtenances in the vill of Schorne twelve acres of land late of Robert le 
Ram thirty two acres of marsh called Botelereschope and Morlakemeede a 
hundred and twenty acres of marsh called Pykeworth in the vill of Clyue ten 
acres two day works and half a day work of land with appurtenances in the vill 
of Coulyng and thirty acres half an acre and three daywork of land with 
appurtenances in the vill of Frei.desbery and the third part of two hundred 
acres of marsh called Chattemerssh w ith the reversion of two parts of the afore- 
said two hundred acres of the same marsh with appurtenances in the vills of 









\)\ COBIIAM COLLEGE. 

Upcherche Renharu and Iwade and four acres of meadow with appurtenances in 
the villa of Berlyng called Dykedemede and half an acre of land and twelve acres 
of wool with appurtenances called Readwode in the vill of Luddesdon and one 
hundred acres of wood with appurtenances called Clerhegge in the vill of Little 
l'ekhain and certain other parcels of land and tenements aforesaid with appurten- 
ances in the vills aforesaid, to tlie master ami chaplains of the chantr}' of Cobe- 
ham and their successors by divers our deeds, to he possessed for all time, the 
possession of the aforesaid lord John in the residue of the tenements having been 
always continued at our will. Know all ye that we the aforenamed Reginald 
and William by the tenor of these presents have remised released and for us and 
our heirs wholly quitclaimed for ever to the said lord John de Cobeham into his 
seisin all our right and claim which we have or in an}- manner in time to come 
can have in the manor of Cobeham and in the residue of the lands and tenements 
rents reversions services and marshes aforesaid with appurtenances in the vills 
aforesaid for ever so that neither we nor our heirs can from henceforth in time 
to come demand or challenge anything of right action or claim in the aforesaid 
manor lands tenements rents reversions ai.d marshes with appurtenances but 
shall be excluded by these presents in seeking anything of right in the title 
thereof. In witness whereof we have set our seals to these presents. Given at 
Cobeham the eighth day of February in the fourth year of the said King Richard 
the Second. These being witnesses: William de Septwaunz sheriff of Kent 
Thomas Fog' John Brokhull Sir Thomas de Cobeham knights Ralph de Cobeham 
John de Frenyngham James do Pekham John Colpeper of Farlegh Walter Col- 
peper and others. [Z.S.] 



APPENDIX No. 2. 



Rental, etc., of the Lands of Cobham College, 
1 July 29 Henky VIII. 

Rental fact, primo die Mensis Julii Anno regni d'ni Henri oetavi 
• lei gratia Anglie et Francie Kegis d'ni hiber. defensoris fidei ac in 
terra sup'mi eapits Anglicane Eccl'ie vicesimo nono om. firmarior'. 
Reddit. pertinen. College de Cobh'ni. 

■c- ., lWADE. 

Firma Mariscor . 

Imprimia de Mag'ro Joh'e Norton pro firma Marisci voc. Chateney jac. in 

Iwade juxta Queneburb cent. -"1111 aor. vj//. iij.v. iiij<y. 

Hoo. 

[tern <le Will'nio Charles de Gelingh'm pro firma duorun mariscoru 5 in Hoo 
voc. Bowmarashe el Btonemarssbe ac chant, boope xxxijs. tenet de D'no Grey 
coteu. ]>. Qdeletatem tan. 205 acr. in Rowmarshe stone tnarshe el chanta hope. 
Not. a. chant, hoope Bolebal <liinitti ad firma. p. iij.v. iii.jr/. per ann, 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 95 

COWJ tNG. 

lii-iii ilc Bdwardo Wodeare pro firma Marisci voc. Sherlond marsshe rolvend 
Fid festa B'ci. mich'lis et b'te marie equalis portionibus ac continel llOacr. el 
tenetur de D'no Cobham p' fidelitate tantu. iij/i'. iij*. iiijrf. 

Ci.vri i 

Item pro firma oujusdam marisci jac. in Cliffe voc. Pykworthe Marsshe cont. 
L02 aor in tenura Joh'is Pothed ac tenetur de l>'n" Archie'po Cant. p. fidelitat. 
it -rrt. cur de Otforde. 

Item de eodem pro butlers hope vcl mortlakes mede cont, 32 acr. marisci 
tenetur de prior Cant, p' fidelitatem t'm. 

Item de eodem pro firma potmans marsshe iii.i^''. v*. 

Shobne. 

Item de Davide Rogers (written over " M. ESdmunde Page '") de Chalke pro 
firma Marisoi in Shorne voc;. Swanepole marshe xxvj*. viijd. 

Item de Richardo Goldocke de Eigham pro firma marisci voc Bolam 
marisshe in Shorne iij//. vj.v. 8d. 

Item ile pro marisc. voc. heriotmarshe jac. in Sliorne. 



Beneficiob fiuma. 

rolwenden. 
Imprimis de Mag'ro Dudle pro firma Ilectorie de Rolwenden xvijZi. x*. 

HORTON. 

De Johe Willet pro firma Rectorie ib'm solvend ad festa purification b'te marie 
ei g'ci Joh'is Baptiste xujli. vjv. viij<<. 

Item de eod. pro firma vin. tent, ib'm xijs. 

Chalke. 
De Robto Browning de Gravisend pro firma Rectorie ib'm solvend ad festa 
purificaco'is b'te marie et s'ci Joh'is baptiste x\li. 

Est Tilbery. 
Item de R'to Wade pro firma Rectorie ib'm solvend ad festa purificaco'is b'te 
marie ac s'ci Joh'is baptiste x\li. 

Maneeium de West Chalke cum firm, tentor. et certar. terr. ib'm. 

Imprimis de Rob'to Brownyng de Gravisend pro firma Man'ii ib'm hoc 
anno xvj//. 

Item de eod. unu. q'terr. de barley vel quin. solid, in pecuniis munerat. ad 
electionem dni. 

Item de eod. pro le outlunds per ann. xxjs. 

Item de eod. Rob'to pro pastur. viginti ovium vs. 

Item de Edwardo Cobham milite de firma unius tent, et quatuor acr. terr. 
per ann. xs. 

Item de Davide Rogers pro sex acr. di. salsi p'ti. 1 marisci jacent in le 
Shippey Meede sic dimissu' hoc anno iijs. iiijrf. 



96 COBHAM COLLEGE. 

COBHAM. 

Manerium de Xorthe courte cum firma tentorum ib'm. 

Imprimis de Johe Stace pro firma de Northe Courte per ami. vjK. 

Item de fabio pro firma tenementi ib'm per ami. xiij*. iiijrf. 

Item de .lobe Herman Bervus D'niCobhm pro firma uuius tent, per ami. viij*. 

Item, de Barnabeo Armestrong de firma uni. tent, per aim. viij*. 

De Thoma Dorrel pro firma unius tenementi viij*. 

Do Richardo Ancell pro firma unius tenementi pro ami. xij*. 

De "Willtno Coke viij*. S'um ten'tor. cum Northe Courte ix//. xv*. u\'yl. 

FlBHA CERTAR. TERRAltTj' IX COBHAM. 

Imprimis de Willo Russe pro firma certar. terr. per aim. iij*., oallyd 
pigeynee. 

Item de Henrico Hayes pro firma certaru' terraru' per aim. viij*. i,jrf.,and 
discharges they quenes reynte. 

Item de Johe "Wodeare pro firma unius pasture clausure voc. prests filde per 
ann. x.?. 

Item do Johe Miller pro firma unius tent, quod Holts nunc Webbs do London 
(tenet') cum cert. torr. per aim. xxj*. Et xxj buss. ordii. 

Item de Edwardo Bonam* pro firma certar. terr. per an. liijs. iiijd. 

Item de Joanne Girdler pro firma le viandes per aim. cum terr. cum 
pertinent, vZt. iij*. iiij</. 

N'UTSTEAD ET NoRTHFLETT. 

De Nicholas Germin pro firma :i acr. terre ib'm per ann. voc. Okffild quar. 
xxvij acr. tenet, do manerio de Nutstead nuper W. Martyn. Kt alia sex acr. 
jacel in Northflete. sviij*. 

• Dartforthe. 

[tern de Thoma Parkar pro firma tenti. voc. le flower do luce cum q'dam 
b'cino adjacent, simul cum quadam via dicto b'cino pertinet. per aim. xiij*. iiij</. 
[tem de Rob'to Lamparde pro firma tenementi ib'm per ann. xiij*; iiij</. 
Ii-m pro Domo Angulari sive uno shopacnm solario desuper edificat. de viij*. 

In Tin: Pabissjie of Saint Mahgarkttes. 
Imprimis of John Burwell for xiij acr. di. of londe whereof lyth in Cobbam 
crofte 7 acr. di. to the londs of theiers of Richard Loo, Esquire, cahid Great 
Deles ayenst the Est, The Kinges hywey leding from Rochester to Bfaisten Est 
and west. And to the londes Bometyme Thomas Shymyng callid Dronkyn aker 
ayenst the south and to the loud- of the sayde Thomas Shymyng nygh quene 
crofte ayenste the North. Redd, parvo Dels ponti Rofif. 

Some of the Hayes family, who had much influence in Cobbam in the 
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and founded some local charities still 
existing, had " Bonham " for their ( Ihristian name. I'robably they took it from 
tin- Edward Bonham; in the return of "void 1 benefices made in L544 it is 
recorded that the curate, Richard Pronsham, received bis stipend from Edwarde 
Bonam of the parish of Cobbam, no doubt the same person. 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 97 

linn in Federfllde 4aor. <li. with thappertenances lying betweno the Londs of 
Richard Dee longing to greal Dels ayensl the Est, to the Kinges hyweye due. de 
maidBton ayenst the west And to the Londes of Thomas Shymyng ayenst tlio 
aorth and South. Red. .\ I'm Lee. 

[tem thre aor. lying ayensl saint Willm ohapell in a place callyd palmerisdene 
to the Kinges hywey :i Roff. usque Maydston ayensl the Bsl to the londes of 
Rioharde Lee vocat " Dels downe" ayensl the weste to the londes of Thomas 
Shymyng ayensl the North And to londs of Saint Bartilmewes ayens the South. 
Red. M'ro Lee.* 

He. 7 acr. Redd. Richardo leo per annum 22d. ob. 

The following entries are in the same book but before the rental above given. 
Tiny, however, refer to Cobham College lands: — 

BlELING. 

Item de Richardo Edy pro 4 Acr. prati infra clausuram voc. LMkmed ac 
tenetur do say ut de manerio suo de Birling p. fidelitate et servic ij.v. per annum. 
[tern una Acr. prati jac. in Hamelmede voc. Bakars aker reddit Abbatisse de 
Mailing per ann. n\]d. 

Item quinq. virg. prati manerio Cobhambery in Hordon mede ac. Reddit 
D'no de Birling per ann. vijd. ob. xs. 

Cleren Heggem little Pech'am Boscum. 
Item de Dna Gilforthe pro firma certarum terr. ib'm per annum id est 
Centum et xij Acr. cilve et pasture et Redd, heredib's Culpeper iijs. iijrf. per 
ann. absq. secta curie, xiijs. iiijd. 

Hoeton (Horton Kirby). 

Item de tenemento ib'm per annum p. tibbolde tenet juxta Eccl'ie por- 
lain xij.v. 

* Of these three fields in St. Margaret next Rochester, belonging to the 
College, the 7| acres first described appears to have belonged to the Manor 
of Little Delce,and to have paid quit-rents to the Rochester Bridge Corporation, 
who were the owners then, and still are, of that Manor. Another portion was 
held of the Manor of Great Delce, and paid quit-rents to Mr. Richard Lee, the 
Lord of that Manor. The "Saint "William's Chapel" mentioned here refers to 
the little chapel or shrine built in the thirteenth century on the site of the 
murder or martyrdom of the Scottish baker, William of Perth, who met his 
death here about the year 1201 while starting for a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. 
His body was buried in the Cathedral, and he was held in "the highest sanctity. 
He was canonized in the year 1256, but his name is not to be found in Albau 
Butler's Lives of the Saints. Some small remains of the little chapel still 
exist, and are preserved by the trustees of the Municipal Hospital recently 
erected near the spot and called "St. William's Hospital." An account of this 
saint, not flattering to the Church, is given by Lambarde in his Perambulation, 
and in 1891 the late Father Bridgett published a defence of the whole matter iu 
The Month. Our Vol. XVI., p. 226, shews a fresco found on the jamb of a win- 
dow in Frindsbury Church supposed to represent St. William. The 23 May was 
his day, and was no doubt well observed at Rochester, when vast numbers of 
pilgrims resorted to his shrine in the Cathedral. 

TOL. XXVII, H 



98 COBHAM COLLEGE. 

RECTOEIA IB'M. 

Item de Gilbcrto TTilkinson (nunc Johes Willet tenet, inserted) de leaden- 
rodinge in Comitat. Essex generoso filio Jane Gline generose p 1 Rectoria ib'm 
et una virga terre jac. in Campo voc. Oxendowne ad Regia' stratum northe et 
tenet de Ep'o Cantnar. xiij//. \}s. viijrf. 

Halling. 

Imprimis Braislsnd contin'es. est 15 aer. terr. et -1 Acr. bosci at pat. per 
cartem Reginald] Cobbam et alior registrat. in penulti' folio in Rcgistro 
Appropriationis benificior. Ac. lledd. ber. tuder per ana vjrf. 

Item una Aer. dimi cum fundo jac. in Bosco voc. Goldwynes ud terr. 
capelle sancti Laureotii Bouthe el Northe, ac terr. ouper Willm. Kenley Esl el 
West. 

Item quinq. daywerke bosci cum fundojuxta hechehill. 

LUDDISDOWNE. 

Imprimis Boscum voc. Redde wod. 



APPENDIX No. 3. 



TRANSLATION OF GRANT BY THE ABBOT, ETC., OF ST. SAVIOUR'S, BeRUONDSEY, 

to Sik Geoege Brooke, Loed Cobham, of the Advowson of 
Cobham 12 December 30 Henry VIII. 

To all the faithful in Cbrist to whom this present writing indented sball come 
Robert by divine permission Bishop of S' Asaph and Abbot in commendam of the 
exempt monaster}" of Saint Saviour of Bermondsey in the County of Surry and 
the Convent of that place, the true and undoubted Patrons of the Church of the 
parish and of the perpetual Vicarage of Saint Mary Magdalen of Cobham in the 
Diocese of Rochester health, in the Lord, everlasting. Know ye that we 
the aforesaid Abbot in commendam and Convent in consideration and in the 
intention that George Brooke the Lord Cobham his heirs and assigns at their 
own costs and from other sources [rfe ceteris] and for ever well and sufficiently 
BhaU endow or sball cause to be endowed the Vicar of the perpetual vicarage of 
the parish church of Saint Mary Magdalene of Cobham in the Diocese of 
Rochester who for the time being shall be for his life the Vicar with a sustenance 
and from and on account and in respect of such sufficient endowment shall for 
all time to come exonerate and acquit and keep indemnified the aforesaid Abbot 
mmendam and Convent and their successors against the said Vicar there for 
tin- time being Have with the unanimous assent and consent of us given granted 
and by this our presenl writing indeuted have confirmed unto the said George 
Lord Cobham hi- heirs and assigns The Advowson donation, collation presenta- 
tion, and free disposition and also our right <.f patronage] of the Perpetual 
Vicarage ol the Parish and Church of 8' Mary Magdalene of Cobham in the 
Diocese of Rochester aforesaid [then follow some formal Clauses but only to the 
same effect as above . tn Witness whereof to one part of this our present 
writing indented remaining with the said George Lord Cobham and his heirs 
we have caused out Common Seal to be affixed and to the other part of this our 



COBHAM COLLEGE. ( .) ( .) 

presenl writing indented remaining with ub the aforesaid Abbot fa commendam 
and Convent the aforesaid George Lord Cobham has affixed hi- seal with his 
arms ("ad artna"). Dated in our Chapter House on the twelfth day of 
December in the year of our Lord one thousand five hundred and thirty eight 
and in the year of the reign of the (ting Henry the Eight h by the Graoe of God 
of England and France King Defender of the Faith and Lord of Ireland and on 
Earth, under God, ol the English Church, (or of the Church <>i' En 
Supreme Head the thirtieth. 

The I 'ounterparl is Bigned : 

"Geobgiub Brooke." 
[The Seal is Inst, nil imt a very small fragment. 

An endorsement: "Thei Vycceridge of Cobham graunted to George Lord 
Cobham and his heires for ever 

Geoegius D'ns Cobham " 
[I think an autograph signature] 

and, in a later hand: "30 Hon. 8"' 12 Dec. 1538 The Vicaridgc of S : .Mary 
Magdalen of Cobham granted by the Abbott of Bermondsey to the Lord 
Cobham N° 3°." 



APPENDIX No. 4. 



Translation of License from the Prior and Convent of Bk.kmondsky 

to tiik Maniki;. kit., ok CoHIIAM CoLLKOE TO BUILD BETWEEN THE 

College and the Church, a.d. 1370. 
To all who shall inspect these present Letters We Peter the Prior of Saint 
Saviour's of Bermondeseye and the Convent of that place, of the Cluniac order 
Winchester Diocese and possessing for their own use the Parochial Church of 
Cobeham Rochester Diocese Health in the Lord Everlasting Know ye all thai 
our beloved in Christ the Master and Brethren of the College or Chantry of 
Cobeham in the said Diocese of Rochester rightly and lawfully possessing 

nentes] the appropriation of the vicarage of the Church itself of < 'obham for 
themselves and their said College with our express consent or with our warrant 
on that behalf lately made supplication to us that whereas they the Ma.-ter and 
Brethren themselves are disposed [qffecieyit] as they assert at their own ] r 
charges to OODBtruot and build certain buildings or houses for divine worship 
extremely useful and necessary on the soil of the Cemetery of the said Church, 
on the South part thereof for the whole width of the said Cemetery which does 
d thirty and seven feet of a man according to a measure lately had and 

extending to the total length of the said Church and Cha 1 so far as we shall 

provide them with our authority and consent for the said construction and 

ling. Now therefore having considered that what has been so placed In 

us by the said Master and brethren in this behalf i- pioUS and laudable, and that 
it is a useful and necessary work and will not in anyway be hurtful orprejudicial 

to us or to the parishioners of the said < Ihuroh rive our licence ami full authority 
for us and our sui -sors as fully as in us lies to the said Blaster and Brethren 

11 1' 



100 COBHAM COLLEGE. 

to build and rebuild the aforesaid houses [domos] and buildings on the soil of 
the said cemetery on the south side of the said Church of the aforesaid width of 
thirty and seven feet that is to Bay to the length and extent of the said Church 
and Chancel and when the same house and buildings shall be built or rebuilt the 
same to repair so often as need shall in the future require and to have free 
ingress into the same and egress out of the Bame and may have the continual use 
of the same for ever without our or our Successors mol station contempt or 
contradiction [then follows after some legal formula this proviso, namely] that the 
way of the processions jia processional is] on the south side of the said Church 
a< is accustomed for ever in future may be open and preserved or saved [salva] 
to the parishioners of the said Church and their successors especially [saltim] at 
the times of Morning and Evening Mass and through the said buildings at the 
times aforesaid so that the said way may not be impeded. In witness whereof 
we have hereto affixed our Common Seal. Given at Bennundseye in our Chapter 
House on the feast of Saint John the Baptist one thousand three hundred and 
seventy. 



APPENDIX No. 5. 



A Tere'oe [Teeeieb] of the landes belongings to the late dis- 
solved COLLEDGE OF CoBHAM [subjoined to a rental of the College lands 
for the year 1572; limited to the lands in the Parish of Cobham only {with 
one piece in Nursted)~\. 

In the tencbe of Jo. Andbowes. 
Imprimis one Fylde cawled northe Court Fylde,* Bowndinnge to a Lane 
leadinge from the Towne of Cobham to Skarlettesf the Landes of Willm. Smed- 
ley and John Abell towardes the northe and west, and to certeyne Landes 
cawled Sowthe Landes towardes the Sowthe. And uppon the Landes of AYillrn. 
Smedley towardes the East, and conteynethe by estymation xx acres. 

One other Fylde cawled Skottlandes bowndinge uppon a highe waye leadinge 
from Howlett to thonge towardes the west and uppon the landes of Mr. Haddon 
towardes the northe, and uppon the Lane leadinge from Cobham Towne to 
Skarelette- towardes the east, and uppon a 1'ylde cawled ij acres towardes the 
Sowthe, and conteynethe xvj acres. 



* In IT'.'b' this field had got to be spelt " Northcot." Now, 1905, it is known 
as Nortliurate Field. 

t Scarlette was bo called after the owner or occupier, and often occurs in the 
deeds ami terriers in the sixteenth ami seventeenth centuries. Then it became 
" Scarlets " and " Scaless," and in modern times "Scalers," and is now known 
as '• Scalers Hill," being on high ground and commanding an extensive view. 
It is about On acres in extent, and now belongs to .Mr. Arthur W. Booth, who 
has built a house there. On the north-west it is bounded by the old Roman 
road called Walling Street or Clay Lane, and it was near the north side of that 
road close to Scaler'^ Hill that the greal " find " of bones, colts, spear heads, and 
armour in L825, recorded by Mr. A. .). Dunkin (Springhead, 1848, pp. 113, 114), 
was made. 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 101 

One other Fyldc cawled eleven acres Bownding uppon the highe ti i 
from Sowletl (<> Thonge towardes the west, and uppon the Fylde afforesayed 
oawled Skottlandes* towardes the northe, uppon the Lane leadinge From the 
Towne of Cohham to Skarlettes towardea the East, and uppon the Landee of the 
Colledg now in the Tenure of Wvllm. Barhani Bergeanl ait Lawe oawled Bakere 
towardea the Sowthe and oonteyneth xj acres. 

One oilier Fvlde called Chainherlajnes liill woodf Bowndinnge uppon the 
Landes of Mr. Haddonand John Harper gent, towardea the northe, uppon the 
Lane leadinnge from EEowlett} to Thonge towardes the Last and Sow the, and uppon 
a Lain' leadinge from Skarlettes to Ilenncrst Court towardes the west and oon- 
teyneth i.v acres. 

One Crofte cawled Halle croft Bowndinnge uppon the Lane leadinge from 
Howlette to Thonge towardes tlic Easte, uppon the Lane leadinge from 
Skarlettes to Efennarsl Courte towardes the northe, uppon the Landes of John 
Abell towardes the wot and uppon the L amies of John Harper gent towardea 
the Sowthe and contevneth wythe Kebbles v acres. 

Somme of the acres 01 acres. 

In the tenure of John Andeow i ■-. 
By Indenture and payethe per ami. vj/i'. AVheate 2 qr. Capons G, Chckyns 24. 

In the tenure of Gylbeete Yonge. 
One Tenement cawled the Vyance, wt. the Barnes stahelles and other owl 
howses and one yearde. 

One Crofte cawled payntors Bowudethe uppon a Lane leadinge from the 
Vyance to Cobham streate towardes the Easte, uppon the longe garden in the 
tenure of John Melsham towardes the Sowthe, uppon the Landes of the Lor Le 
Cobham and Robert Spryver towardes the northe, and uppon the Landes of 
theyrea of Clynke towardes the weste, and oonteyneth iiij acres. 

One other Crofte called Culver Crofte, Bowndeth uppon the highe wave 
leading from Rochester to Cobham towardes the northe, uppon the Landes of 
Wyllm. ltus.se towardes the Easte, uppon the Tenement cawled 111** v. 
towardes the Sowthe, and uppon the Lane leadinnge from the Bayed Vyance to 
Cobham streate towardes the west, and oonteyneth vij acres. 

One other Crofte cawled Skryveners, Bowudethe uppon the Landes of Willm. 
Uu^se and Robert Spryver towardes the northe, uppon the Landes belonginnge 
to the Busshoppe off Rochester towardes the Sowthe, uppon the Landes of the 
sayed Robert Spryver and the saved Husshopps Landes towardes the Easte, and 
uppon the sayed Tenement cawled the Vyance towardes the west and contevneth 
x acres. 



* This field is still called Scot lands. 

I Now called Chamber's Hill "Wood. 

I " Howlett's," the house occupied for many years by the owner, the late 
T. II. Baker, Esq., now called "Owlett's " The name often occurs in Meed- ol 
the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries as Howlett's, and in L492 one Howlel 
or Houwet was a lessee of land iu Cobham under the College. Probably the 
name was derived from him. 



102 COBIIAM COLLEGE. 

One other Croftc oawled llogge crofte, Bowndethe appon the Landes 
belongiunge to the Busshopp of Rochester towardes the Sowthe, uppon the Lane 
called the Vyance Lane towardes the northe and Easte, and uppon the foresayed 
longe garden and the Busshopps Landes towardes the west and conteynethe 
ij acres. 

Somrna off the acres 18. 

In the tentjbe off Henbt Jabmyne. 

One Fylde cawled Stansteade Bowndethe uppon the Landes of the Busshopp 
of Rochester towardes the northe, uppon the Lane leadinnge from Cobham to 
Burlinnge towardes the Easte, uppon the Landes off ... . Rycarde towardes the 
Sowthe, and uppon the highe waye called Frosten streate in parte, and the Landes 
of the Lord Cobham towardes the west, and conteynethe xv acres. 

One other Fylde cawled Redd Woodd Fylde, wythe one grove Bowndinge all 
togethers uppon the highe waye leadinnge from Frosten streate to Golding strete 
Sou the, uppon the Landes of Jo. Jenny ne west and northe, uppon the Landes 
of the sayed L. Cobham called stansteade towardes the East and conteynethe 
xv acres. 

One other fylde called Cobham Berrey hill, bowndethe uppon the highe 
waye leadinnge from Cobham to Luddesdowne towardes the west, uppon the 
Landes of the Bysshoppe of Rochester towardes the northe Sowthe and East and 
conteyneth xv acres. 

One other Fylde oawled Sheape crofte, Bowndethe uppon the highe waye 
leadinnge from Cobham to Luddesdowne East, uppon one other highe waye 
leading from Cobham to Frosten streate Sowthe, uppon the Landes of ... . 
Rycarde towardes the west and northe, and conteyneth j acre dimi. 

One Fvlde cawled okeFylde lyinuge in the parrisshe of Nustead Bowndinnge 
on the Landes of John Abell and george wright towardes the East, uppon the 
Kinges highe waye leadinge from Cobham to Nusteade towardes the Sowthe, 
uppon the Landes of John Sydley LT-nt. and Jo. Rogers towardes the west, and 
uppon the Landes of Mr. Lymsey towardes the northe and conteynethe xx acres. 

One peace of Lande cawled the Lordes Crofte Lyinnge in Cobham. To the 
Landes of John Jannyne towardes the Easl and northe. To the Landesof henrey 
Jarmyne towardes the west and to a peace of Lande called Stavesgate towardes 
the Sowthe, and conteyneth xx acres. 

One peace of Lande cawled Stavesgate Lyinnge in Cobham to the Landes of 
John Jarmyn and the Landes of the Lorde Cobham oawled Lordes crofte 
towardes the Easte. To tin- [Andes of the sayed Lorde and of henrey Jarmyne 
towardes the northe. To a peace of Lande of the L. Cobham called Tanners 
towardes the west and to the Queues highe waye leadinnge from Luddesdowne 
to Soles streate towardes tin- Sowthe, and conteyneth iiij acres. 

Somme olfthe acres 62, and payelh per aim. iijli. xviijs. x.d. 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 103 

In the tenure off Rych. Gerdeler. 

One Fylde cawled the olde Landc* Bowndethe uppon the highe waye 
[eadinge from Soles streate to henley towardes the weste, and uppon one other 
highe waye leadinnge from the sayed Soles streate to Frosten streate towardea 
the northe, appon the Landes of. . . . Rycarde towardea the Baste, and uppon 
the Landes of the saved Lorde cawlcd Brookes towardea the Bowthe and oon- 
teynethe x\j acres. 

One other Fylde cawled greatt Brookes Bowndethe uppon the highe wayc 
leadinnge from Soles streate to Luddesdowne towardea the weste, and uppon the 
Landes of John Poore and John Bsdone towardea the 8owthe and the Landes of 
.... Itycarde towardea the Easte. And appon the Landes of the L. Cobham 
toward the northe. And conteynethe xvj acres. 

In the tenure oi Bych. qerdelbr. 

One other Fylde cawled Battea Bowndethe uppon the bighe waye leadinnge 
from Sole streate to Luddesdowne towardes the Baste, uppon the propre Landes 

of the sayed Rych. Gerdeler towardes the Sowthe, and northe, uppon the Landi - 
of the Lorde called Beaconf towardes the west, and conteynethe ix acres. 

One other Fylde cawled Beacon Bowndethe uppon the Landes of Rychard 
Gyrdeler towardes the Sowthe, and northe uppon the Landes of John Jeator 
weste, and uppon the Landes of the Lorde called Battea and conteyneth iij acres. 

Somme oflf the acres 49. 

The two first peaces arre in the tenure off Gylbert Yonge and payeth per 
ami. xl*. ottes 8 «[r. 

The two latter peaces arre In the tenure off Ry. Gerdeler and payethe per aim. 
X*. ottes j qr. 

In the tenure off John Evesdone. 

One Fylde cawled Askyns wt. a grove, Bowndethe uppon the Landes of . . . . 
Byccarde and henrey Jarmyne towardea the .Sowthe, uppon the highe waye 
leadinnge from Luddesdowne to the viance towardes the Mast uppon the Landes 

of the saved .... Kycearde towardes the northe and uppon the Landes of the L. 
Cobham towardes the west, and conteynethe xij acres. 

One Crofte of iij acres Lyinnge uppou the Landes of Henrey r Jarmyne 
towardes the Easte, and the proper Landes of the sayed John Eresdon towardea 
the Sowthe, uppon the Landes of ... . Ryccarde towardes the weste. And the 
Landes of the L. Cobham towardes the northe, and conteynethe iij acres. 



* Formerly in part the property of Mr. John Scratton, now of Mr. 11. B. 
Moojen, one of the Common Council of the City of London. He has lately built 
a house here, and has preserved the ancient name, calling it "Oldlands." 

f Battes, a small farm belonging to the Earl of Larnley, called after the 
name of a former occupier, as I have reason to think. It is on very high ground, 
and in all probability a beaoon once stood here. 



104 COBHAM COLLEGE. 

One Fylde cawled Lyttell Brookes Bowndinnge uppon the Landes of Henrey 

Jarmyne west, uppon the Landes of John Evesdon and John Came towardes the 

Sowthe and the Landes of . . . . Boggerste* towardes the Easte, and uppou the 

Landes of the Bysshopp of Bochester towardes the north and conteyncthe 

xij acres. 

Somma off the acres xxvij, and payeth per aim. xxvjs. ottes 4 qr. 

In the tenube off Wyllm. Busse. 

Longe crofte Bowndethe uppon the Landes of .... Ryccarde towardes the 
East and west, uppon the highe waye leadinnge from Frosten streate to Sole 
streate towardes the northe, and uppon the Landes of the Lorde Cobham called 
Askyns towardes the Sowthe, and conteyncthe ij acres. 

And payeth per ami. iijs. 

In the tenube off Tho. Hotte. 
One yearde of Linde Lyinnge in Joanes Crofte, and Bowndethe uppon the 
highe waye towardes the northe, uppon the Landes of the sayed Thomas Hott 
towardes the weste. And the Landes of the Lorde Cobham towardes the East 
and conteyneth j yearde, and payeth per ann. j busshell off Barly. 

In the tenube of Bych. Stacey. 
One Crofte cawled Hawkyns crofte, Bowndethe uppon the Landes of John 
Abell towardes the weste and northe, and uppou the Landes of george Wrighte 
Sowthe, and uppou the Landes of Bychard Stacey towardes the East, and con- 
teyneth vij acres, and payeth per ann. viij*. 

Cebteyne of the Colledge of Cobham landes letten to Mb. Sebgeant 
Baeham. In the occupation off Niclas Baeham by Indentube. 

Item one Tenement or messuage wyth a garden therto Lying wyche some- 
tyme was of one waiter Stace Lyinge att the Churche streate betwene the 
garden of the sayed Colledge towardes the west, and the Tenement of Robert 
Holte now Mr. Sergeant Barhams towardes the Easte and to the highe streate 
there towardes the northe, and to the Lindes of the Lorde Cobham called the 
Longe gardenf towardes the Sowthe wyche is letten to Mr. Sergeant Barham 
by Indenture wythe other Land and payeth for the sayed messuage and garden 
yearley xij bz Barley. 

One Croft of Laude called Askyns in the parisshe of Cobham Lyinge to the 
Laudes of the sayed Sergeant Barham called Carlebyes and to the Landes of 
Robert Spryver northe. To the Landes of the same Eo. Spryver and John Jar- 
myne Easte. To the Landes of the Bayed L. Cobham called Yorkes Sowthe. 
And to the common waye leadinge betwene Thonge and Mewpeham weste, and 
(•onteynethe ij acres. And payethe for the same per ann. xjs. 

* This is the earlier form of the name of the family of Boghurst, well known 
in this part of Ken 1 and in Rochester, hut now it is believed extinct in the male 
line The family of Caddel, well known in Rochester, now represent them. 

f The lout.' garden is probably the Long narrow strip of land now converted 
into twenty-one gardens allotted to the twenty pensioners of the College and the 
occupier of the paymaster's house. 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 105 

One Crofte called Vyanee Bromc Lyethe to the Landesof the Lorde Cobham 
called Lyttell pooreriohe* uorthe. To the landes of the sayed nyclas Barhatu 
nllcd penFylde Easte. To the Landes of the sayed John Jarmyne Sowthe 

and west, and payethe for the same per ami. iiij bz. barley and conteynethe 
ii acres. 

One Crofte called Lyttell pooreriche Lyethe to the Landes of nyclas Barham 
called greatt pooreriche northe. To the Landes called upper churche Eylde 
Bast. To the iandes of the sayed Lorde Cobham called Vyanee Brome and to the 
Landes of the saved Nyclas Barham called penffyld Sowthe. And to a certeyne 
lande wave leadinge to the Teunants landes tliere weste, and conteynethe 2 acres 
and payethe per ami. ijs. 

On halff an acre of Lande called trenehe myll in the parisshe of Cobham 
Lyethe to the Landes of nyclas Barham towardes the Easte and Sowthe, towardes 
the Landes of the sayed Lorde Cobham called Bromc crofte towardes the weste 
and to the northe, and to the Landes of the heyres of John Abell towardes the 
northe, and conteynethe dimi acre and payethe per ann \]s. 

All wyche sayd 5 parcelles are now letten to niclas Barham Sergeant off the 
lawe. Per ann. in toto xvs. Barley ij cpr. To be payd att the feast off all 
sainctes. 

A Fee faeme to nyclas Barham Seegeantt att Law. 

One peace of Lande called Yorkes Bowndinge to the highe waye leadinge 
from Mewpeham to Cobham weste, uppon the Landes of John Jarmyne and 
Robert Spryver Sowth and Easte. And uppon the Landes of Mr. Haddon 
northe, and conteynethe 8 acres and payethe per ann. in Fee Farme viijs. ob. 

Memorandum this parcell lyeth together wt. Askyns and is bownded togeather 
in the olde terr'or as it is sett downe here. 

In the tenure off Ro. Alexander and wt. the plott in Leaze. 

One Fylde cawled Kempwell Bowndethe uppon the Landes of the L. Cobham 
and of Robert Spryver towardes the northe, uppon the Landes of the Bysshoppe 
of Rochester towardes the west and Sowthe, and uppon a Eylde cawled Wyn- 
tramef towardes the Easte, and conteynethe xxx acres dimi and 4 dayeworkes. 

Twoo Fyldes the one cawled greatt Wyntram, and the other Lyttell Wyn- 
tram. Bothe bowndinnge uppon a highe waye leading from Eynche crofte to 
plottc towardes the Easte, and to the Landes of the Lorde Cobham towardes the 
northe, and nppon the sayed Landes cawled Kempewell towardes the west, aud 
uppon the Landes cawled EllynsoleJ towardes the Sowth, and conteynethe xxv 
acres and 5 dayeworkes, dimi and a pearch.§ 



* The singular name of " Poor-rich " is still applied to this field, and " Great 
Poor-riche" to another field in Cobham also mentioned in this Terrier. 

t These fields still retain the name of Wyntrams, and on the Ordnance Map 
are called " Winterham Hill." 

X This name has been corrupted into " Ellison's " or " Elliston Bottom " — 
the latter is given in the Ordnance Survey. The parish of Luddesdown adjoins ; 
as there is au ancient pond here, there can be little doubt but that the termina- 
tion " sole " is correct. 

§ This acreage appears to include the next two entries. 



106 COBHAM COLLEGE. 

One other Fylde cawled Ellynsole, Bowndethe uppon the Landes of the 
Busshopp of Rochester and Cohham Berrey wood towardes the west, uppon the 
Landes of Jeamee Williams towardes the Sowtb, uppon the highe waye leadinge 
from Fyncbe crofte to the plotte towardee ihe Eastc, and uppon the Landes cawled 
Wyntrams towardes the northe and conteynethe \\t. the Wyntrams [blank]. 

A peace of Lande called Bawmana hill wythe iij peaces of grownde, Bowndethe 
uppon b highewaye leadinge betwene the Plotte and Birliunge towardes the weste, 
uppon the Landes of John Boggersl towardee the Sowthe, uppon a highe waye 
leadinge from Cobham to Cuxstone towardes the northe, and uppon a wood 
cawled Redd wood towardes the East and conteynethe [blank]. 

In the tenure of Jo. Melsh.vm. 

The Scytuation of the late Colledge of Cobham wythe the Stone bowse some- 
tyme a Scole bowse, wythe the garden and orcharde therunto adjoyuiuge, Lyethe 
to the highe streate there northe. To the Churche yearde of Cobham and to 
the Landes of the Busshoppe of Rochester weste, and to the Landes and tene- 
mentes of the Bayed Colledge East and Sowth and conteynethe j acre, dimi, and 
7 dayeworkes dimi. 

The longe garden Lyethe to the Landes of the Busshoppe of Rochester weste 
and Sowthe. To the common Fote pathe leadinnge betwene the sayed Colledge 
and the Yyannce* northe and to Hogges crofte east and conteynethe iij acres 
and vij dayeworkes. 

Somma off the acres iiij acres dimi one yearde and 4 dayeworkes. And 
payeth per ann. for the same xxxs. 

Over and besydes vjs. for the parsonadge Close no parte off the Colledge off 

Cobham Landes. But yett letten in his Indenture and answered in the Hundreth 

of Shamell. 

Jo. Kenningstones howse. 

One Tenemennt in Cobham streate wherein John Kenningston dwellethe, 
wythe a Ljttell garden platt, and Lyethe to the highe streate there northe. To 
the Stone howse weste, and to other Tenementes and Landes of the sayed Colledge 
Baste ami Sowthe, and conteynethe iij dayeworkes. 

In the tenure off John Kenningston att wyll and payeth per ann. viij*. one 
llenue. 

In tjik tbnuee off Tno. Beowne weveb. 

1 I .ther Tenement in Cobham streate adjoyninge uppon the for 
Tenement WeBte, uppon the highe streate there northe. To the orcharde of the 
Colledge Sou the. And to the yeard of Nyclas Barham Sergeant att Lawe East 
and conteynethe wt. a Littell garden platt iij dayeworkes. 

In the tenure of Thomas Browne att wyll and payeth per ann. viij*., one 

11' ine. 

Tin: SMI rni- FoBGB. 

A messwage or Tenement cawled the Smythes Forge and ij Lyttell parcelles 
of Lande Lyioge and beinnge in the towne of Cobham afiforesayed, wherof the 



* This deeoription and other references seem to tix the position of the 

"Vyance" farm and buildings, and to place it somewhere near the south-wesl 
corner of the meadow in which the Parsonage stands. 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 107 

aame Tenement and one of (he Bayed parcelles of Lande Lye to the bighe streate 
of the Bayed Towne towardee the Sowthe. To a Tenement of the L. Cobhams 
called anselles towardea the weste and northe, and to a carrinnge waye cawled 
Bowes Lane* towardea tbe Baste, and conteynethe j yearde and dimi one pearch. 

The other parcel] of Lande Lyethe there to the sayed earring waye cawled 

Bowes Lane towardes the weste. To the Laiides of Henrcy Jarinyne northe and 
Bast, and to the bighe streate Sowthe and conteynethe ix dayeworkes. 

Somma hallfe an acre Lackinnge iij pearches. 
In the tenure of John Stokes att wyll and payeth per ann. xiij.s. iiijrf. 

A TENEMENT CALLED ANSELLS. 

A Tenement wt. a garden and a peace of Lande togethers cawled Ansells 
Lyinnge in Cobham Towne to the bighe streate there towardes the Sowthe. To 
the Smythes Forge affore sayed and to the littell parcell of Land to the same 
adjoyninge towardes the East. And to the Landcs of theyres of John Payne 
towardes the west and to the Landes of Robert Spryver cawled East Eylde 
towardes the northe, and conteynethe one acre j yeard iij dayeworkes and a 
pearche. 

In the tenure off Wy 11m. Johnson by Indenture and payeth per ann. xxvs. 
Henne j. 

A TENEMENT IN HOWGH PHILCOCKES OCCOPEYINGE. 

One other Tenement in Cobham Towne afforesayed wt. a garden and small 
peace of Lande, Lyinnge to highe streate there towardes the northe. To the 
Landes of t'heyres of llychard Holte towarde the west. To the Colledge Landes 
in the tenure of gilbert yonge East and Sowthe and conteyneth one yearde and 
a hallfe. 

In the tenure of George Philcocks att wyll and payeth per ann. viijs. 

Dowles Hawe. 

A garden or a Lyttell parcell of Lande cawled Dowles Hawe Lyinnge in the 
>a\ cd Towne of Cobham to the highe streate there northe To the Landes of 
the heyrcs of Eychard Holte towardes the Easte. To the Landes of the L. Cob- 
bam cawlyd Payntors towardes the Sowthe. ^nd to the eschete Landes of the 
L. Cobhams late Thomas Munne towardes the weste and conteyneth one yearde 
and j dayeworke. 

In the tenure offgeorge Smedley att wyll payethe per ami. xijc?. 



* It is suggested that " Bowles Lane " is the road leading from Eorge Green 
to Rochester by Cobham Park, and now commonly known as " Ha'pence Lane." 



108 



COBHAM COLLEGE. 



li. 
lxviii 



uj 



d. 
iiij 



APPENDIX No. G. 

[From the Valor Evclesiasticus, Henry VIII., vol. i., p. 104.] 

COLLEGIU' DE COBHAM IN Com' KaNC ET IN DECANATU ROFFEN. 

Annuiia Valor Sp'oaliu' et temporal iu' Joh'i Bayle Magistri Collegii de Cob- 
ham in Com. Kane in Decanatu et Dioc' RofFen. eid'm collegio p'tin' ut 
inferins patet. 

Com' Kanc, Rowenden (Rolvenden). li. s. d. 
Rectoria ib'm valet p' ann'. xvii x — 

Hobton (Kieby). 
Rectoria ib'm valet p' ann'. xiij xiij iiij' 1 

Chalke. 
Rectoria ib'm valet p' aim'. xv — — 

Cobham. 
Vicaria ib'm valet p' ann'. vii — — 

Com' Essex, Tilbeeey. 
Rectoria ib'm valet p' ami'. xv — — 

Com' Kanc, Cobham. 
Terr' et ten't in Cobham valet p' a' m . 
D. vendic'oue bosci d'ei Collegii co'ibus 

annis. 
Redd'us assis' in Cobham p' a" 1 . 

Shobne. 
Terr' et ten't ib'm valet p' an'"'. 

Chalk. 
Maniu' ib'm rii' al' terr' ib'm valet p' an'. 
Uedd'us assis' in Chalk p' ami'". 

Feendesbebey. 
Terr' et ten't cu' xviij 9 x' 1 ob. de redd' 
ib'm p s aim'. 

NOSTED, HOBTON ET AL' LOC' UT 
INFBA PAT}. 
Terr' et ten't in No^ted xiiij". Horton 
xij-. Qigham xvi'. Clyff iiij 1 ' xi* x' 1 . 
Cowlyng lxvii" iiij' 1 . Halstoo & S 1 
\hris iiij 1 ' xiii* vij' 1 . Stoke ij\ Hoo 
xxxiij' v i i j 1 . Strode xvij" viij' 1 . S'ca 
Margarets juxt. Etoffen. iiij" viii' 1 . 
[wade vi 1 ' iij' iiij'. Birling \'r viii'. 
P'va lYkhani xiij iiij'. Deri lord 

xxxvi' viij'. LuddesdoD xiiij et Shin- 

gillweU .\ii' ni boto p' aim'. xxvi 1 ' xiii" i 



i.r 


vii]' 


xl 


— 


ix* 


iiij 



cxv* vi d 



XV1J S 

lx' 



lxviii s ii''ob. 



s'ma omnie 



cxlii 1 ' — xiiij' 1 ob. 



C01JHAM COLLEGE. 



109 



De quib's alloc' in p'ourao' penc'. 
Axoh'o Cantuar' [>' procurac' rcctoriecle 

Rowendea p' ami'. 
Arch'o Essex p' procurac' rectorie de 

Tilbery p' ami'. 
D'n° Ep'o lloffen. p' penco'c f. de 

rectorie de Horton p' ami'. 



xxxv* — u 



Arfhuc alloc" ridel' in redd' resolut'. 
D'no Archie'p'o Cantuar. Ep'o Roffen. 
Priori lloffen. D'no hundred de lloo, 
et div's aliis p'sonia p' terr' et ten't 
p'd'eis p'ut p'ticlar patet in tibro 
d'ei Mag'ri d'ei Collegii de Cobham 
videl' p' ami'. 



cxvn" ix' 1 



Feod'. 








Magistri Cbristoferi Hales 


' 






Senl' (Seneschalli) terr' d'ei 








Coll. p' ann. 


XX 9 — 






Will'mi Rous balli'i et col- 




vi« 


vi* viu a 


lectoris redd'us cu' xiii 8 








iiij d p' liberatura sua p' 








ami'. 


Hij" iiij' 1 






Joh'is Eowle p' sen" cur. et 








auditoris p' ann. 


liij' iiij d j 








S'ma allocac' 
et sic remanet 


xiii 1 ' xix 9 v d 




. exxviii" — xxi ob. 




X"" 1 pa 


rs inde 


xii" xvi 3 ii' 1 q 



N.B. — The reader is requested to alter " Commissioner " to " Commissioners " 
on page 87, line 7 from bottom ; and add to the note on page 77 the following : — 

" The notarial certificate of the process by which the Master of the College, 
William Tanner, took possession of this Church, is exhibited in Hie Uritish 
Museum (('as.' \'I., Charters, No. 64)." 



( no ) 



COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, etc. 

BY A. A. ARNOLD, F.S.A. 

Having been for many years connected with Cobham College as 
tlie Paymaster of that charity, I was lately asked to write a Paper 
about the College, and in collecting the materials for it I came into 
possession of some documents, of more or less interest, not imme- 
diately connected with the College, but relating to Cobham, and 
I have ventured to write this second Paper, making such use as I 
could of these materials. 

Hasted and other Kentish writers state that in addition to the 
Manor of Cobham or Cobham Hall there were also in the parish 
the lesser manors of Henhurst, Hnydon or Hoden Pee, afterwards 
called The Mount, and Cobhambury. Some of the terriers of the 
College lands refer to other manors, viz., A'yands (spelt in various 
ways) and North Court ; and this Paper deals with them all. 

The two most ancient manors are, no doubt, Henhurst and 
Hoden Pee. These are both mentioned in Domesday, and also in 
the Anglo-Saxon record relating to Rochester Bridge* preserved in 
the Textui Rqtfensis, and in the Archives of Canterbury Cathedral; 
it dates from the eleventh century or perhaps earlier. 

Henhurst. 

Henhurst is thus described in Domesday (quoted from the 
Rev. L. Larking's translation, p. VI'.)) : — 

"Ansgoi de Roucestre holds Hanhest, it answers for half a 
Buling, there is the arable of one team. In demesne there is one 
team, and two villans, with four slaves. In the time of King 
Edward it was worth twenty shillings, when he received it thirty 
shillings, now forty shillings. Godwin held it of (Karl) Godwin." 

Basted gives the devolution of this manor through various 
changes up to the time of Edward 1., when it became part of the 

* For B further notice of thu valuable record see Archaoloyia Cantiana, 
V..1. AVI I., p. 213. 



COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. Ill 

possessions of tlio Priory of Leeds in Kent, and on the dissolution 
of that house was granted by Henry VIII. to Sir George Brooke, 
Lord Cobham, who immediately afterwards conveyed it to Sir George 
Harpur, or Harper, of Sutton Valence. 

The manor continued in the hands of the Harper family until it 
was alienated by Sir Edward Harper to one Thomas Wright early 
in the reign of Queen Elizabeth ; it passed afterwards through 
several hands until at the date of Hasted's publication it belonged 
to John Staples, Esq., of the Inner Temple. It is now the property 
of T. C. Colyer-Fergusson, Esq., of Wombwell Hall. 

The manor house known as Henhurst Court has long since 
disappeared, but there is a singular rectangular excrescence in the 
road leading northwards from Jeskins Court towards Gravesend, 
about a furlong from that house. The road turns sharply to the 
east, then straight again to the north and back to the west, and 
then resumes a northerly direction, thus making three sides of a 
square, and here, I think, inside this square, must have been the 
old manor house which gave the name to the manor. 

A little to the north of this site, on the summit of the hill, is an 
old brick and timber double cottage still known as " The High House 
at Henhurst." It may be seen for many miles around. There are 
a few cottages now, and that is all. The Manor Courts have ceased 
to be held for many years, and the name itself is the only thing that 
endures. 

Hasted recounts the grant of certain tithes at Cobham to the 
Church at Rochester and also the gift to them of a moiety of the 
tithes of Henhurst. The grant is recorded to have been made by 
one Gotcelinus de Hamherste {Textus Bojfensis, p. 109) ; probably 
the grant, which is not dated, was made in the early part of the 
twelfth century. This portion of tithe continued in the possession 
of the Prior and Convent, and afterwards of the Dean and Chapter, 
of Rochester, until 1S07, when they sold it to the Lessee, 
P. H. Dyke, Esq., under the provisions of the Land Tax Redemp- 
tion Acts; it afterwards passed to the predecessors in title of 
T. II. Baker, Esq., of Owletts, Cobham, the late owner, and is now 
possessed by his representatives. 

I have obtained by the kindness of the Misses Stevens, of the 
Parsonage, Cobham, the lay Rectors of the parish, a short summary 
of the lands in Henhurst subject to tithe in 1770, and this is 
probably the only evidence now left of the extent of the Manor ; it is 
printed in Appendix No. 1, p. 124. The Dean and Chapter's records 



112 COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 

(Begister Book xi., p. 47) contain an extract from the rolls of a 
Court held in 1690 ; it gives the names of the tenants and a 
description of the lands then held of the Manor (not being demesne 
lands). The total is about 130 acres. 

Hasted refers (vol. i., folio edition, p. 501) to the grant of land 
in Henhurst by Henry VIII., after the dissolution of the Monastery 
or Abbey of St. Mary Grace, near Tower Hill, London, to which 
abbey it formerly belonged, to Sir Christopher Morrys for life, and of 
a subsequeni grant of it by that monarch to Sir Christopher's widow 
Elizabeth for her life. The land had been leased, as part and parcel 
of the manor of Gravesend belonging to Grace Abbey, to Sir John 
Harper of Henhurst, and when the grant to Lady Morrys came 
into force it appears that she found it necessary to make a formal 
complaint to the Court that the tenant had not properly complied 
with his covenants to cultivate and " souse" the laud, and had made 
other defaults. A copy of her Bill of Complaint to the Court of 
Augmentations, which gives also some interesting facts as to 
the motives of the King in making these grants, is printed in 
Appendix No. 2, p. 126. 

In the British Museum Harleian Charters, 56, H. 41, there is a 
record of a Power of Attorney from William Terry of Southwark, 
Armourer, to Henry Wlykhous to deliver seisin to Walter Crepe- 
heggs, late of Cobham, of land called Hawkyscroft at Henhurst. 
The date of this is September, 12 Henry VI. (1433). 

Before leaving Henhurst it might be desirable to refer to the 
old mansion or manor house not far from it, known as Jeskyns 
or Jeskins Court. It is possible that this may have been the house 
known as Henhurst Court, and in the opinion of some that is the 
case; but I know from the late Mr. T. H. Baker who, and whose 
family before him, had owned Jeskyns for many years, that he 
believed that it was quite a distinct and separate property from 
Henhurst. The name "Jeskyns" was no doubt derived from a 
family of that name who formerly occupied it and to whom this 
Paper afterwards refers. In a lease, dated in 1788, granted by 
James Staples, Esq., then the owner of Henhurst, to Mr. W. Comport 
(with which the Misses Stevens have favoured me) the description 
of the property demised runs thus : "All that the Manor of Hen- 
hurst and all and singular the rents of Assize, perquisites, profits 
of courts, etc., and all that messuage, tenement, or farm known by 
the name of Giskins or Henhurst Hall." This seems to shew that 
Henhurst and Jeskyns were distinct estates. 



COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 113 



Hoden Fee ok " Tiie Mount. " 

With regard to this manor the entry in Domesday is as 
follows : — 

[Mr. Larking's translation, p. 124.] "The same Ernulf holds 
of the Bishop ' Hadone,' it answers for three yokes — there is the 
arable land of one team. And it is there in demesne and six 
villans, with one bordar, have one team. Six acres of meadow 
there; in the time of King Edward and afterwards it was worth 
fifty shillings. Now, sixty shillings. Osuuard held it of King 
Edward. Odo holds, of the Bishop, in the same Hadone one 
yoke — there is the arable land of half a team — in demesne there 
is nothing — in the time of King Edward, and afterwards, and now, 
it is worth twenty shillings." 

Hasted (folio edition, vol. i., p. 500) speaks of the manor as 
" Haydon now called the Mount," and adds that it lies within the 
bounds of the parish of Cobham, and that at the date of the 
publication of his history it belonged to Mrs. Hornsby, the widow 
of Mr. Bichard Hornsby of Horton Kirby. He was the repre- 
sentative of that Mr. Hornsby who took a share of the Cobham 
estates under the will of Sir Joseph Williamson, to whom he was 
supposed to be irregularly related. It would seem probable that 
this manor was acquired by the Earl of Darnley at the end of the 
eighteenth century, after Hasted's work was published, and about 
the same time that his lordship bought Cobhambury, as mentioned 
hereafter. The meagre Court Bolls of the manor being mixed up 
with those of Cobhambury point to the fact that both manors 
had a common owuer. 

The only rentals of the manor now preserved are, it is believed, 
those for 1634 and 1649, which are given in Appendix No. 3, p. 127 ; 
these were annexed to the Court Bolls for Cobhambury, but they 
do not give any particulars of the ownership of the manor. 

From these rentals it would seem that there were no demesne 
lands in the manor, and this agrees with the statement in Domes- 
day, quoted and translated above, " in do'io nihil est." The total 
of the quit rents is stated in the later of the two rentals to amount 
to 32 shillings (there is some small error apparently, or the receipts 
do not come to quite that sum for this particular year), but it does 
not differ very much from the Domesday statement. 

The manor is always reputed to lie in Cobham, and is, as such, 
included among the lands held to be contributory to the repair of 

VOL. XXVII. I 



114 COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 

Kochestcr Bridge. Hasted also states this, but so far as can be 
made out now it would seem that the lands held of the manor which 
paid the quit reuts were, at any rate for the most part, situate in 
Frindsbury parish. 

Among the deeds and documents relating to Cobham, preserved 
at Hatfield,* are many rentals and terriers of the possessions of the 
suppressed Cobham College which, after the suppression of the 
College, were granted to Lord Cobham, and a good part of which 
on the attainder of his descendant, Sir Henry Brooke, Lord Cob- 
ham. in the 1st James I., were granted by the Crown to Sir Bobert 
Cecil, afterwards Lord Cranbourne and Earl of Salisbury. In one 
of these rentals, dated 29 September 1572 (Cecil MSS. Accounts 
107), there is a description of the lands in Hoden and Hey ton which 
seem to shew that these were in fact in Frindsbury ; the short 
description is as follows : — 

Of Thomas Bettes for the farm of a parcel of land lyinge 
in Fringesbury called Hoden Myl Hill per aim. xviii 1 '. 

Of William Pate for the farme of II acres of land in 
Fringesbury — the one acre lyeth at Newe-land and the 
other at greet lande in Heyton Fyldes per ami. ii s vii d . 

Of Ed ward, e Chamber for a little parcell of land lyinge 
at Byll Streete at the common well there per anu. ii d . 

and in the same rental there is in the account of "the whole 

veares rents of the freeholders or quitt rents belonginge to the 

Colledge of Cobham '29 September 1572 " the following, among 

other entries : — 

Fringeshery rent for Hoden Fee. 

Of the heires of Willm. Chamber for the rent of these 

lands per aim. vi s . 

Of Willm. Mansfylde for rent of two halfe acres of 

lande lying in Hoden Fee per aim. xii d . 

Hey ton Fee. 

Of William Standeley for rent of II acres of lande 

lyinge together in a fylde between Duckdcane and Hum- 

borowe hill per aim. vi s vi d . 

Of the same for the rent of II acres of lande lying 

under Windegate hedge per aim. xii d . 

• - reral references we made in this Paper to the Cecil MSS. preserved at 
Hatfield, which contain a great Dumber of deeds relating to Cobham ; and also 
1.. the Catalogue <>l the Dering DISS, sold by Messrs. Sotheby in 1865, which 
also gh Dd ['articular- of many Cobham documents. 



COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 115 

Of Thomas Monke, gent., for rent of 4 acres of land 
uiiilcr Trindel] Hill per aim. ij\ 

Of Walter Richardson Eor renl of 5 acres and 2yeardea 
of lande in Duckdeane per aim. ij- i 

Of Symond Hutehen for rem of 3 yeardes of land at 

Hansel! Hill per aim. uijH- 

These entries of 1572 (and others couM he supplied), when 

compared with the manor rolls of L634 ami K;i!). shew, 1 think 

clearly, that the lands which paid the miit rents to the manor were 

in Frindsbury parish, ami in all probability these were situate near, 
and mighl lie identified with., lands in the hamlet of Frindsbury, 
which is known to this day as Haydon Street. In Aimm:m>i\ 
K i. p. L28, there is copied a fuller description of the lands of this 
manor in Frindsbury, with their boundaries, as they were in 1572. 
The courts for the manor of Hoden have long ceased to be held. 
There is a house called " The Mount " in Cobham, on Hie Earl of 
Darnley's Cobham Hall estate. It is in a most picturesque situa- 
tion, about halt' a mile from the hall and in the midst of a beautiful 
wood ; it may, perhaps, occupy the site of the former manor house. 
For many years it has been the dwelling of the head gamedvecper 
on the estate. 

COBHAMBTJBY. 

Tin's is an ancient manor Lying on the south-east part of the 
parish, as Henhurst does on the south-west ; it is not mentioned in 
Domesday. The devolution of the manor is given fully by 
Hasted (folio edition, vol. i., pp. -497 — 99). Shortly after the pub- 
lication of his work, and in the last days of the eighteenth century. 
the manor was purchased by the Earl of Darnley, and his successors 
stili possess it. 

Hasted, of course, records that it became in the thirteenth cen- 
tury part of the possessions of Walter de Morton (Bishop of 
Kochester, 1274 — 7s), but he does not explain how. that with it. or 
out of part of it, that prelate, or some successor ^\' his, established 
and endowed a prebend in the Church of Cobham. There can be 
no doubt (though Hasted does not refer to it) thai the manor, or 
part id' the rents arising from it, must have been so appropriated. 
Probably the bishops retained the manor and granted the prebendal 
income from the rents, or retained BOme of the iands, as they are 
so often referred to in the old terriers as "lands of the bishop." 
The bishops' registers, preserved in the Consistory Court, do not 

I 2 



11G COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 

begin until 1319, so no infotmation is obtainable from that source 
as to this arrangement. 

The earliest entry in these registers appears to be the collation 
by the Bishop of Rochester (Havnio de Hythe) on 20 December 
1313 of Benedict de Folstone to the prebend of Cobhnmbury, being 
then vacant by the resignation of John Cad .... [illegible] (Rochester 
Registers, vol. i., p. 209). A record of a further collation by Bishop 
John de Shepey occurs on 1 August 134G (Rochester Registers, 
vol. i.. p. 223 v0 ) ; Master Richard, the son of Simon of Sutton, was 
then admitted. Again, on 28 April 1397, it is recorded {Rochester 
Registers, vol. ii., p. 101) that Bishop Win. de Bottlesham admitted 
and collated James Bere, Clerk (in the Cathedral Church of 
Rochester), to the prebend of Cobhambury, it being then 
vacant. 

On 6 August 49 Edward III. (1375) (British Museum Harleian 
Charters, 43, I. 31) there is a record of a lease from Thomas 
Brvnton, Bishop of Rochester, to the Master and Chaplains of 
Cobham College of five acres and a half of land, part of Cobham- 
bury Manor, setting out the boundaries ; the grant of this lease by 
the bishop seems to support the view that the bishops retained part 
at any rate of the manor, as possessions of their see. 

The first record in these registers relating to the induction or 
of the admission of a prebendary of Cobhambury to the Collegiate 
Church of Cobham is on 28 July 1494, in the time of Bishop 
Thomas Savage (Rochester Registers, vol. iv., p. 14), where the 
admission is recorded of John Clerk to the prebend of Cobhambury, 
vacant by the resignation of Richard Nikke, and there follows the 
form of the mandate given by the bishop for his induction. Again, 
in the British Museum (Harleian Charters, 43, I. 33) there is the 
record of a mandate from the Bishop of Rochester (Fitz James) to 
Master John Barker (? Baker), then Master of Cobham College, 
for the induction of Master William Horsey, D.D., who had been 
instituted to the prebend of Cobhambury; this is dated from the 
bishop's manse, near Lambeth Marsh, 17 November 1502. 

In the British Museum (Harleian Charters, 5, G. 37) there is a 
record of a lease granted by William Horsey, clerk, to the Master, 
etc., of Cobham College, of his prebend of Cobhambury for five 
years at the rent of 2G shillings and 8 pence ; it is dated 7 Novem- 
ber 20 Henry VII. (1504). 

There are other entries which, 1 think, make it quite clear that 
a prebend was founded out of the estate of Cobhambury to support 



COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 



117 



a chaplain or prebendary in the College or Church of Cobham, and 
i hat he took his stall in the Church with the other fellows. 

There is evidence that although Cobham College was dissolved 
in or about L535, the prebendaries of Cobhambury still were 
inducted to their prebends in Cobbam Church bo late as the 1st and 
2nd Phil, and .Mary (1554); thus, there are entries in the Bishops 
of Rochester Registers (vol. v., pp. 5G and 5s) that one Richard 
South was appointed prebendary iu the place of Bartholomew 
Bowsfield (deprived), and that he was afterwards inducted. The 
dale and the circumstances under which the prebend was dissolved 





H§i 


TKTI 


1 


j 


WL 



COBHAMBUKY, FEOM THE SOUTH-EAST. 

From a photograph by Mr. E. C. Yoi'BNs. 

and the mauor transferred to the Lord Cobham are not ascertained 
at present.* 

There is a tradition that there was, in ancient days, a chapel in 
Cobhambury, but I find no record of it. Most of the chapels or 
chantries in the diocese, whether in private houses or used publicly 
tor divine service, paid a " Chrism " rent to Rochester Cathedral, but 
Cobhambury does not appear in the list of these chapels in the Tcxlus. 

* The Valor EcclesiasHctu gives the annua] value of the manor as £5 11>. M.. 
aud of the prebeud itself, £2. 



US COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 

The late Earl of Daruley (the seventh Earl) kindly lent me the 
rolls of the manor of Cobhambury then in his possession. I made 
copies, and I have selected that one which gives the fullest informa- 
tion of the lands held of this manor (it is printed in Appendix Xo. 5, 
p. 1-9), and I have added to it | Appendix Xo. 6, p. 130) a list of the 
freeholders of Cobhambury — the date of this last is about the end 
of the reign of Queen Elizabeth or the early part of James I. (Cecil 
M>S. Legal, 224 8) — and (Xo. 7) some extracts from a still earlier 
rental of the manor, 39 Henry VI. (1461), taken from the British 
Museum (Harleian Eoll, C. 19). 

Part of the manor house still exists. It is a small unpretentious 
farm house, to which a new front was added apparently about 
a century ago, perhaps when the fourth Earl of Daruley bought it. 
A further addition has been made lately. The old part of the house 
has the ordinary low pitched rooms, with long and heavy beams of 
oak or chestnut protruding from the ceilings. A very thick and 
massive chimney of brick occupies the centre of the house, and the 
floors of the small rooms on the second storey are of rough oak, now 
almost black from age and wear ; this part of the house probably 
dates back to the sixteenth century. A photograph has been taken of 
the older part of the house, and is shewn in the preceding engraving. 

COBHAM OH COBHAM HaLL. 

This, of course, is by far the largest and most important of the 
manors in Cobham, but, it so happens that all the lands, or nearly 
all, are in demesne. They comprise the great park and all the 
extensive woods. The other lands belonging to the manor, if not 
in the lords' hands, were no doubt let, as they are now, as farms to 
agricultural tenants. Hasted does not mention that any Courts 
Baron were held in his time, or before, for this manor — and though 
he uses the term '-The Manor'' (vol. i., p. 499), it would appear 
that he did so in the general sense of the word, meaning a consider- 
able or manorial estate ; but there are records among the Cecil MSS. 
at Hatfield shewing that in the sixteenth century Courts Baron were 
held, and that there were some lands, although rather insignificant 
in value, held by freehold tenants of the manor. Indeed, the 
manor, in respect of the freehold tenants and the quit rents they 
paid, and the services they had to render, was of so small account 
that it was not considered necessary to held a separate court for it, 
and one court at least was held (2 April 15 Elizabeth) for the 
three manors, Cobham Hall, Cobhambury, and "Vyannes" together. 



COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 119 

The Homage, or freeholders of the manors, then sworn to serve 
on this jury for these three manor courts, were altogether six. Of 
these, five were sworn for the manor of Cobham Hall. Two of 
those five and one other freeholder, making three together, were 
sworn Eor Cobhambury, and one only, who was on both the other 
juries, for " Vyannes." There was only one presentment for 
Cobham Hall. The jury presented that William Payne, by the 
death of his father, and of another relative to whom his father had 
succeeded, was entitled to a certain messuage and land in Cobham 
Street, and of an acre of land in Eastfield, the boundaries whereof 
respectively are given, and further averred that the tenements were 
held of the manor of Cobham Hall by fealty, suit of courts, and at 
the annual rent of Id., and thereupon the said William Payne was 
admitted tenant and paid his relief, that is to say, one halfpenny, 
being one-eighth part of his rent, and he made fealty (que quidem 
p'missa tenent. de man'io de Cobham Hall p' fidel. sect-ad-cur and 
redd, annal. iiij' 1 , unde d'eus Will's Payne admissus est tenent, & 
vadiavit releviu' scilt ob. id est octav. p's redd', & fee. fidel). 

This of course is sufficient to shew, and no doubt other similar 
extracts could be given, that there was a manor and a manor court 
for Cobham Hall, although the tenants were, under the circum- 
stances before described, few, and their lands of small value com- 
paratively with the great demesne lands of the manor. 

It need hardly be said that there is a manor house ; the stately 
Hall is known so well. There is a view of it in our Vol. XL 

In the year 1719 proceedings were being taken for a partition 
of the Cobham Hall estates, but these were put an end to by the 
first Earl of Darnley purchasing the whole. There is added in 
APPENDIX No. 8, p. 132, an extract from the report of the com- 
missioners for the proposed partition, limited, so far as possible, to the 
portion of the estates which was in Cobham. In some of the farms 
and woods other parishes are mixed up. This document again shews 
that Cobham Hall was a manor, and the manor itself with the waste 
lands and the quit rents are included and valued. 

" Vy andes " Manor. 

This so-called manor uses a name which frequently appears in 
Cobham records. It was probably derived from a former owner 
or occupier, and the manor house seems to have been on a site not 
far from the south-west corner of the meadow on which the 
Parsonage stands. 



120 COB HAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 

Extracts from the Dering Collection and Cecil MSS. and the 
records of the British Museum refer to this place or name rather, 
as far back as 1299. 

There is mention of a Conveyance in that year (No. 113 Dering 
Mss. Catalogue) from Wlword, Clerk, of Cobham to Robert 
Wyande, of a tenement in Cobham. Under the same number there 
are also two other grants, temp. Henry II. : Sir Henry de Cobham, 
junior, knight, to Robert Vyaund, confirming lands in Cobham, and 
(Xo. Ill) a deed of 1302, Alice, widow of Ralph Carectar, confirms 
a messuage, etc., to Robert Wyande. In another deed of 1325 
(the same number) the name is spelt " Vyaund," and in 1338 there 
are two deeds between Robert Vyaund and Sir John de Cobham j 
in the same year Robertus Vyannde is mentioned as being assigned 
an office as " Hobeler " under Sir John de Cobham and others for 
the guarding of the Kentish coast at Tenlade (Vantlet) at Hoo 
{Text us Sqfensis, p. 237). In 1370 the property is first referred to 
as an estate or manor called Vyaundys (Dering MSS. Catalogue, 
Xo. 127), and by another deed in the same year Henry Hauk 
and others granted to Reginald de Cobham a right of way between 
the chantry and " Vyaunds." 

In the Cecil MSS. in 1163 (Court Rolls, 11 6) Vyands is 
mentioned as a manor belonging to Cobham College, and in 1517 
(Accounts, 116/39), and again in 1573 (Court Rolls, 14/12), there 
are mentions of the Court Rolls of the manor. 

In dealing with the manor of Cobham Hall it has been 
mentioned that in 1572 one court day sufficed for holding the courts 
of Cobham Hall, Cobhambury, and of this manor, and that on this 
occasion one freeholder only was BWorn on the Homage, and that 
there were no presentments at that court for Vyands. The rental 
for Cobham College lands of the same year, when this manor, with 
the other former possessions of that College, belonged to Sir 
William Brooke, Lord Cobham, described Vyance (it is spelt in all 
sorts of different ways) thus : " off Gilbert Voting for the farme 
cawled the Viance and the laudes thereon letten per aim. xv" x s 
tour hennes " (Cecil MSS. Accounts, 167), and there is nothing 
Baid in that rental as to any quit rents belonging to the manor. 

There are. however, preserved at Hatfield references to a series 
of earlier Court Bolls, from l'l l to L519 inclusive (while the College 

( 'obham was still in possession of its estates), which shew that in 
each of those years a Court Baron was held for this manor and for 
Cobhambury. They are memoranda only and not the actual Court 



COBHAM AND ITS MANOKS, ETC. 121 

Eolls. Taking the first year as an example of the others, it gives 
the following account of the lines awarded for the absence of the 
tenants from the courts to which they had been summoned as 
tenants to give their attendance and counsel on the Homage 
(Cecil MSS., General 33/8, Accounts 116/39) :— 

Thomas Brooke Milite duo de Cobham q. fecit defalt ad hanc. 
cur. io' ipse. in. m. hij d . 

Abbe de Berinondsey p. con. def. iii.j' 1 . 

Johe Javings p. con. def. iiij d . 

Willo. Sprever p. con. def. iiij d . 

Rico Sprever p. con. def. iiij d . 

Joh. Holt p. con. def. iiij d . 

Ten. terr. super Robti. Dobbes voc. Jakes haw p. con. def. iiij d . 
Ten unius messuagii, &c, nuper Petri Horney p. con. def. iiij d . 

which shews that at this time, and there are similar records of the 
later courts, each freeholder in default of attending and giving his 
counsel was fined Id. Beliefs also were presented and were paid 
on alienation or change of ownership, and there can be no doubt, 
therefore, that in early times this was a manor. 

The manor has long ceased to exist as such. The mauor house 
has been done away with, and the exact site of it is no longer 
known ; the lands were merged in other estates of the earls of 
Darnley, and in 1851 the b'th Earl transferred the lands, or some 
of them, including probably the site of the house, by way of 
exchange to Thomas Wells, Esq. The name had got corrupted, and 
it was described as " Fiance " farm in a question about boundaries, 
etc., with Cobham College in the early part of the nineteenth 
century. 

NOETH COUET MASOB. 

North Court is also referred to as a manor. It was on the north 
side of Cobham Street and, probably, not far from the spot where the 
Oast House, opposite to Holly Cottage in Battle Street, now stands. 

In 1369 North Court. Cobham, with all the goods and chattels 
and lands and tenements belonging thereto, were conveyed to the 
College (Dering MSS. Catalogue, No. 126). In the rental of the 
Cobham College estates for 1572 it is thus described: "of John 
Andrewes for the farm of North Court in Cobham per ann. vi u , 
2 qr. of wheat, 6 capons, 21 chekins." In the taxation referred to 
hereafter it is called (a.d. 1135-6) " North Court Manor." There are 



122 COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 

mentions of some Court Rolls (Cecil MSS. Court Rolls, 14/6) 
relating to the manor in 1493, but it is doubtful if ever there were 
any freehold truants, which, in addition to a Court Baron and other 
neeessarv adjuncts, is one of the requisites of a manor. It cannot 
be a manor at law " if it wanteth freehold tenants," that is, tenants 
of lands lying within or holden of the manor who have a freehold 
estate therein (we are not speaking now of copyholds) and render 
fealty and services or pay a definite perpetual rent in lieu thereof. 
Mere ordinary tenants at rack rents do not suffice to make it one; 
it cannot exist without a Court Baron, and it must be " time out 
of mind.'' 

The taxation record above referred to gives the taxation of all 
the parish of Cobham for the tax known as "the fifteenth " in the 
year a.d. 1435-6 (British Museum, Harleiau Roll, D. 5). It shews 
the names of most of the principal parishioners at that time 
(Appexdix Xo. 9, p. 133) ; it gives also the relative values of the 
manors in Cobham — thus, Cobham Hall or Lordship is taxed 33s. 8d., 
Henhurst Manor at 20s., "Vyander or Viaundez" at 7s., and North 
Courte Manor at -4s. " Hoden fee " is not included, which confirms 
the suggestion that the lands of that manor were not in Cobham 
parish ; neither is Cobhambury named, although the tenant may be 
one of those who are taxed. It gives about sixty names or tenants 
altogether, and includes some which for a long period flourished in 
Cobham — the Gryrdelers, G-ermyns, Dobbes, Staces, Sprevers, etc., 
all long since vanished. 

In Vol. VII. of Arcliceologia Caatiana there is a list (p. 269) of 
Cobham men who received pardon for their participation in the 
"Jack Cade" rebellion in 14-30. Two, the first named, Richard 
Joskvn and John Joskyu, are not in the 1435 list; all the seven 
others do appear in that list, although their surnames are not spelt 
in quite the same way and their Christian names differ. The 
Joskyns no doubt are of the same family as the person whose name 

still preserved in Jeskyns' Court, a house referred to above. 
'^Dobbes," in the list of 1435, is no doubt of that family whose name 
in the same manner is preserved in Dabbs' Place, a house not far 
from Jeskyns 1 Court. There is one name only in the list of L435 
which still lives in the parish to-day, that of Ussher. Thomas 
dasher wan there assessed at (id. for his house. There are more 
than one family in Cobham now who hear this name, though they 
now spell it " Usher"; they may have migrated for a time, but the 
name occurs again in 1631 and afterwards in the Cobham College 



COBIIAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 123 

accounts, and is constantly met with towards the end of the 
eighteenth century and since. Mr. Robert Usher is now Warden 
of the College and acts as our respected Parish Clerk. 

The name of Joskin or Jeskyn frequently occurs in deeds and 
records of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and they must 
have been people of some position and influence in the parish. 
One of the family is mentioned as supplying sand for building 
operations at Meopham so far back as 1451 (Vol. X.. p. 317), and 
again in the rental of 1461 (see Appendix No. 7, p. 131). 

It might seem to some almost a heresy to end a paper about 
Cobham without one word of Charles Dickens, who has clone so 
much by his writings to make the parish famous. Curiously 
enough, the opportunity presents itself in this singular circum- 
stance, that among the names of the marshes belonging to the 
Cobham Hall estates not in Cobham, but in an adjacent parish, are 
some which, in the document of 1719 (part of which forms 
Appendix No. 8), are called " Pick Wick."* 



* At the date of the Cobham College terrier, 29 Henry VIII., these marshes 
were called " Pykworthe." In 1719 the name had become " Pickwick." 



124 



COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 



APPENDIX No. 1. 
Lands in Hen hurst Manor subject to Tithe. 
An Account of the Several Totals of Arable and Pasture Lands, 
etc., in the Manor of Henuurst, within the Parish of Cobham 
in the countv of kent, in the occupations of the several 
Tenants hereunder Mentioned as by Map and Survey taken 
in the Year 1770. 

M* Staples 

Dab's Place 

M rs Comports 

M rs Preble's 

M r Hubble's 

M* Holsworth 

M r Hayes 

M r Gunning's Wheat 

Shaw in old Roman Road 

Wood having several occupiers 

M r Holmes' part of Common Field, Fallow 

The Several Roads 

Total 



Acres. 


Roods. 


Per 


284 








22 


2 


1 


18 





20 


38 


2 


21 


110 


1 


26 


12 


1 


37 


23 


2 


30 


2 


2 


19 


1 


3 


5 


25 


2 


11 


6 


2 


28 


14 









560 



3 



An Accot of Arable Land in the Manor of Henhurst, within the 
Parish of Cobham tn the County of Kent, subject to pay 
Tithes to the Dean and Chapter of Rochester and the Rector 
of Cobham as by Survey taken in the Year 1770, one Moiety 
of which belongs to the Dean and Chapter and the other 
to the Rector of Cobham. 









c 


ontent 


in 








Acres. 


Roods. 


Per. 


M* Staple's Land — M r3 Comport, oi 


cupier 










Taylor's Shot 




Wheat. 


16 


1 


24 


31 33 ■ 




Beans. 


8 





37 


Kibbles 




Oats. 


25 


3 


16 


Wincett Hill 




Barley. 


13 


1 


22 


• • 




Beans. 


6 


3 


33 


Court Field . 




Fallow. 


23 


2 


fi 


Little Furze Field 




Fallow. 


10 


1 


16 


Scareless Hill* 




Wheat & 












Oats. 


16 





29 


jj >? • 




Oats & Peas. 


21 


3 


28 


Great Water Leys 




Fallow. 


15 


3 


33 


,, ,, 




Oats. 


8 


3 


9 


(irc.it Lorn; Croft 




Beans. 


10 


1 


4 


Little I/ong Croft 




Beans. 


2 





3 




Total . 


17!t 


3 


15 













* Originally called " Skarletts," it was afterward* known asScarless or Scales*, 
now Scaler* 1 Hill, the residence of Arthur XV. Booth, Esq., J. P. (see note, p. 100). 



COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 125 



Dab's Place— M" Comport, occupier. 
Great Vine 



M r9 Comport's Land— occupied by be 

M rs Preble, occupier. 
Hennis Mead 



M r Hubble, occupier. 
Savage's Field 
Pond Troffham, part of 

Wood Croft 

Thistle Down, part of . 



M r Holsworth's Land. 
M r Hayes' Land. 



M r Gunning's. 



M r Holmes'. 

Part of Common Field 



Content in 
Acres. I Roods. Per. 



Pease. 



Wheat. 



Wheat. 

Wheat. 
Fallow. 



1 30 



2 31 



Total 



Beans. 

Wheat. 

Tares. 

Wheat. 
Wheat & 
Sanfoin. 
Fallow. 



12 

11 

1 



1 17 

2 24 
1 27 



25 



Total 



8 
15 
12 
16 

13 

18 



28 



85 



Fallow. 



Fallow ab e 
Fallow ab', 



Total 



32 
11 

28 
17 

19 
29 



3 16 



13 



Wheat. 



Falk 



25 



23 
4 



27 



19 



28 



126 



COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 





Content 


n 




Acres. 


Roods 


Perches. 


M " Comport, occupier .... 


179 


3 


15 


D" Dab's place . 


2 


1 


30 


D° — . . 


7 


2 


31 


M rt Preble 


25 


1 


28 


M r Hubble 


85 


3 


16 


M r Holsworth 


5 


3 


25 


M r Haves 


13 


1 


27 


M r Gunnings 


2 


2 


19 


M r Holmes 


6 


2 
3 


28 


Total . 


329 


19 











APPENDIX No. 2. 

Lady Morrys's Bill of Complaint concerning Land in IIfxhtrst. 

(Court of Augmentations, Miscell. Books, vol. 165, fos. 60 — 04.) 

Bill of Complaint of Lady Morrys, widow, late wife of Sir Christopher Morrys, 
knight, deceased, Master of the Ordinance to the late King Henry VIII. 
Whereas the late Prior and Convent of the suppressed Monastery of Our Lady 
of Grace, next to the Tower of Loudon, demised to John Herper of Henhurst 
in the parish of Cobhame in the county of Kent a certain parcel of ground 
having certain wood growing thereon, lying near to Henhurst aforesaid, and 
being parcel of the Manor, of Gravesend. In the indenture made between the 
parties aforesaid, John Herper agreed to sous and keep the said parcel of ground 
and wood with all necessary sousing, as often as necessary, at his own cost. Upon 
the surrender of the said Monastery about nine years ago, all its lands and tene- 
ments came into the possession of the king, Henry VIII. The said king, at the 
earnest entreaty of the said Sir Christopher, then being at the point of death 
from a wound received at the Siege of Bullan', by his deed bearing date the 
9 ,b day of January 38 Hen. VIII. [a.d. 1547] granted to Lady Elizabeth 
Morrys aforesaid the Manor of Gravesend for her life. She then kept court 
at the Manor of ( rravesend, and commanded the tenants to keep their covenants 
in their indentures, and to Bhew their leases or deliver copies of them to her. 
This the said John Herper refused to do, and since has committed great waste 
in the said parcel of ground in cropping and cutting down the wood growing 
thereon, and has not kept the ground sufficiently Boused, for which reason the 
spring thereof is decayed. As the complainant has no remedy for the breach of 
any covenants within the said Indentures, she prays that the said John may be 
commanded to appear before the Court of Augmentations, to abide by their order. 



CORHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 



127 



vn" vi' 1 
ij* vi' 1 
iiij' 



APPENDIX No. 3. 

Copy Rental of Hoden Fee Manor. 

A Rental of Hoden and Hey ton fees made the seconde day of July An. 
Dom'i 1G34. 

Hoden Fee. 
Hoden j Imprimis of the heires of ... . Rettes of Would ham 
et > for seaven acres and a half of land . 

Hayton. ' Olive Young 

John Huggin for foure acres . 

John Peniston .... 

John Somers, gent., for half an acre . . . vi' 1 

"William Watton for half an acre in Hoden fee vi ' 

Hayton Fee. 

X'rofer [Christopher] and Austen Moreland sons of 
Austen Moreland for thirteene acres lying betweeno 
Twizdale and Humberhill and under Windegate 
hedge ......... vii' vi' 

The heires of Thorn. Retts for foure acres under 
TwendleHill 

Isaac Lathbury for five acres and three yardes of land 

More of him for one yard in Ducklands . 

Nicholas Snedell for three yards of ... . Manser's land 

John Penistone for one rode late .... Randall's land 

Sum'a totalis . . . xxxir 



lj 




'J* 


vi J 




ij d 




iiij' 1 ob 




i d ob 



A Rental of Hoden and Hayton fees made the 21 s ' day of June 1649. 
Hoden Fee. 
Hoden j . . . . Retts, widow . 
et <• Olive Young, widow 
Hayton. ' . . . . Huggins . 



John Penistone 
John Somers 
W m Watton 

Hayton Fee. 
Cristoph'r and Austen Morland 
The heires of ... . Retts . 
Isaack Lathbury 
More of him .... 
Nicholas Snedall 
John Pennystone 



vil- 
li 

iiij 4 
o 



vii- 

•r 

ii' 



iiij' 1 ob. 
i d ob. 



128 COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 

APPENDIX No. 4. 

Lands at Frindsbcry in Hoden Fee. 
Londe lying in Fryndesbury apporteynyng unto the saide Colleage in tenura 
Thome Bettes. 

15RANNDONEI1YLL. 

Imprimis xiiij Akers londe lythe at Branndonehyll to the londes of the 
heyers of ... . Danyeli of Strod and Thomas Watton gent, a yenste the East to 
the Kinges high wave uallid Gravisende way against the South to the londes of 
the saide Thomas Watton and the londes of the Kinges Colleage of Itoehester 
a yenst the west, and the londes of ... . Smyth ayenst the Northe. 
HoYDON AT BYLTSTET. 

Item vj Akers of the saide londe lyeth at Hoydon to the Kinges highwaye 
ledyng to Strode ayenst the East to the londes of theyhers of Will. Thorpe 
ayenste the South to the londes of Thomas Pessake and theyhers of Willm. 
Thorpe weste and the londes Willm. Ilarte ayenst the North. 

Salmonsdeane. 

Item iiij Acr. and a halfe lyeth at Salmonsdene to the londes of the Manor of 
Eslingham ayenste the East, the londes of Symon Cok and Thomas Grenewod 
a yenst the South to the londes of Willm. Chauibr a yeust the weste and the 
londes of theyrs of Willm. Bett and Willm. Warner a yenste the Northe. 

Hansell Hyll. 

Item three acr. and a halfe 3 roods lyeth at hansell hyll to the londes of the 
heyers of ... . Munfe'd and Thomas Grenewod ayenst the East to the londes 
of Willm. Chamber a yenst the West and South, to the londes of the manor 
of Eslingham, Willm. Sidley gent, and the heyers of ... . Manfeld a yeust 
the North. Ac Redd. Collegio Roffen. manerio de Frindesburi. 

LoMPYTTS AP. HaYTON. 

Item vj akers of the said londe lyeth at lompytts to the Kinges high way 

leding from Hoo to Strode a yenst the East, to the londes callid Ohet londe 

ayenst the sowthe to the comon weye callid Eslingham wave ayenst the west, 

and the londes of they hers of Willm. Thorpe ayenst the North. 

Vidua Bettes. 

Lytill Abrahams. 

Item a parcell of wod conteyning by estimation iij yeardes callid little 
Abrahamys and lyeth to the comon way leding from Strod to Goldhawkes South. 
[Sidenote] emebat. nuper de D'no Cobham. cilvam londe. 

Item in the handes and occupying of, the saide wedow to Akers of erriablu 
londe. 

Johes Erdley generos. 

The same John hath in farnie of my lorde Cobham viij Akers of londe lying 
in Frendesbury for terme of his lyfe. and lyethe unto the londes of the same 
John Erdley avensl the East and South to the londes of maister John Smyth 
a yeust the west and to the londes of John Langley a gainst the north and payth 
for the faruie yerly unto the saide lorde viij s. 



COBHAM AN D ITS M LNOH8, ETC. 1 29 

A.PPEND12 No 5 

i; in i vi "I M vN'iu o] < OBB ItMBl \t\ 6 < SABLBfl I 

Mnnerio de Cobhamburie. Etentale Renovat' p 1 tenentes 
Id ■ ii p'd ad curiam' ib'in tenl decimo quarto die Julij Ahum 
regni d'ni n'ri Caroli dei G-ra' Angl' Scotie ffranc el EUb'rne' Regis 
fidei defensor 1 Sextimo. 

Thomas Wright, Esquire, holdetb of the Lord of this Blanuo 1 oer- 

leine lands lyinge in Bole Street nteyniug by estimation 

I renteth yeeriy viii\ 

The heires ol William Jermyn, heire of John Jermyn deceased, 
hold oerteine lands lying n< ere 8ole Streete of theBaid Man no' 
oonteyning by estimao'on thirtie five sores and renteth per 

aim' nil* i 

una Qallina. 
The heires of Eenry and William Scoales bold oerteine lauds lato 

Henry Jermyns and renteth p' annu 1 ij* ij' 1 . 

Richard and Robert Parker, John Jetter, William Jetter, and 
mas .letter for a house p'oll of the lands sometyme of 
Hi nry Jermyn and renteth p' ann' ij". 

James Edmonds, Jun r , holds oerteine land- Bometyme Henry Jer- 
myn- oonteyning by estimao'on foure acres and renteth vij'. 
Andrew Predham holdeth oerteine lands of the said Manno* lj 

near Sole Streete and renteth i". 

John, William, and Thomas Jetter for oerteine landes \v : they hold 
of the said Manno' lying mare Sole Streete conteyninge by 
est acres and renteth p J ann' iij' vii j ' 

quatuor gallinas el auartam partem 1 1 
Thomas ffletcher holdeth oertaine land- of the said Manno 1 

teyning by estimao'on thirtie acres called Copthall and renteth iij" el 

una Gallina. 

! Widdowe, holdeth an house, orchai leine 

in Cobham Streete of the said Manno' and rent* ij 1 . 

Richard Tanbridge holdeth a parcel of land called Kirbyes of the 
said Manno* sometymes parte of the land "i Berieant Barham 
and renteth p 1 ann' xij '. 

Elisabeth Hardinge holdeth oerteine lands lying in Gouldstreete 

ami oonteyninge by eatimao'on eighl acres and renteth i' iiij' 1 . 

Elisabeth Girdler holdetb oerteine land- of the Baid Manno' some- 
tymes Richard Girdlers lying at Gouldstreete and renteth if \ '. 

linge holdeth a oerteine mi cell of the lands 

oi Richard Girdlers and renteth iij - . 

Holier' 8 Bprewer] holdeth five p'oells of landes lying 

'■! nteyninge by estimao'on twentie aoi 

and renteth 

Jam.- 1 sen., holdeth a oerteyne tenem 1 and cert< 

Lyinge in S 8 te late Curdoxe land xiiij 1 . 

VOL. \W II. K 



130 COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC. 

Richard Hayes holdeth certeine lands of the said Manno r some- 

tyme p'cell of Shells land ij* iiij d . 

William Hayes holdeth a certeine Croft called Pigeons and renteth viij d . 

Richard Tunbridge holdeth certeine lands of t hi* said Manno' late 

the lands of one WiUmore and renteth p 1 an'm viij d . 

The heires of Roberi Hardinge holdeth certeine lands of the said 

Manno* called Aldhena and renteth p' an'm xvi d et 

un'm Gallin'. 

"William Ruffe holdeth certeine lands of the said Manno' and 

renteth ]>' an'm x d et 

duar Gallinas. 

Roberi Hayes, Jan., holdeth a messuage and certeine lands lying at 

Roundstreete and renteth i>' annu' ij*. 

Thomas Rutland holdeth a tenement and certeine land lyinge in 

Sole Streete and renteth p' ann' ij d 93. 

Cr'ofer Borey [? Bowey] holdeth a small tenem' and certeine land 

and renteth ij d ob. 93- 

William lirice holdeth a ten' and Orchard and renteth i d ob. 

Thomas Lord, gent., holdeth a ten* and Orchard in Cohham Streete i' 1 ob. 93. 

John Middleton holdeth a messuage lying in Solestreete and 

renteth p 1 ann' v d . 

The heires of Thomas Wombell, gent., hold a ten 1 and certeine 

lands lying in Roundstrete vij d . 

SomY xxxix' xi 1 , U}, eight hennes, one cock and one quarter of one cock. 



APPENDIX No. G. 
List of Freeholders of Cobitambury temf. Q. Elizabeth and James I. 

Geo. Smedley 2 parcells called Aldens cont. 8 acres. lGd. 

Jo. Heys t. parcell terr. voc. Willmans p'quisit de Geo. Smedley. 8d. 

Ilenr. Edmonds t. an. mess. cont. 1 acr. 3 }'erd un. alia parcell voc. Lem- 
marks cont. 3 virgal terr. parcel] voc Newes llawe cont. 1 acr. un. parcell voc. 
Estcroft cont. 3 acr. di. 1 id. 

Rados Skoles t. p'cell terr. voc. Porters cont. 1 acr. and 3 virgat. terr. Et 
un. mess in Gold streel cont. di. acr. -id. 3 als acr. adjacen d'eo mess. 4d. 

R. Parker ]>'- d'ei mess, in Golden street cont. 1 yerd. p'cell terr. voc. Brookes. 
p. Henley street al. p'cell voc. Dedames lying about Bweetes Crosse, xxd. 

Id'm in jur. uxor .Margaret uxor t. p't tent, vocat Trottesham cont. 1 acr. 2d. 

Ilenr. Jetter t 8 tenem'tsand terr. voc. Great Aliens Little Aliens and Oke- 
feild p' estim. 17 acr. 3s. 2d, 4 hens and a q'r of a cock, one orchard cont. 
8 yerd. 

Id'm one teiem't called Trottes and 3 acr. Gd. 



COBHAM AND its MANOBS, BTO. 13] 

John Heath p't of a tenement oonl di act Bd 
Jerman Gyles a tenement and i acres ol land and b parcel] called I 
conl l day woi I. 

Ho Heys l tenement in Hound street conl i aor. Bd 

< »M parcel! "I land al Lam End 

< me parcel] in B at. 1- aor 
2 acr di called Easel more 

Eeur Clinok I tenement cont di acr and l yerd 

9 ison Womble 1 tenement oonl S acr. l aor. di. in a feild called Lam I 

1 aor ill in a feild called Beddens, and :i parcel] of land in Bound street oont. 

2 dat work L2 [tie]. 

Jo, Heys one Croft called Fegions ( I aor Bd 

Bo. Sprever 2 paroells called Piatt Croftea oent. L( 
Banettes oonl 7 ton - 3s 

[d'm B>o. 8prever an other parcel] called Lane feild oont 2 aor. di. another 
parcel] called Soyvens oont. 2 acres, l Ld, ob. 

Tho. Rutland one part of a tenement ami l acre and 1 yerd. 2d. ob, <\ 

Win. Rutland thother part of the Baid tenement oont l yerd and .") day work 
and :* yerd of land in the feild called Lemock. 2d. ob. q. 

Ann Harris vid. SaoresoaUed Dewnams. LOd. 2 hens. 

Nicholas, 2 acres di. in Sole <tret. 

CeoilMSS. (Legal 224 B) 



APPENDIX No. 7. 

1 1 ] N T \ T. OP COBHAHBTJBY OS THE 1 ; KVST OP St BilCHASI 89 HbHBI \'I 

(British Museum! Had. Boll, C 19.) 

Thomas Wreght holds land in ... . hamme bounded by the land of Cobbam 
College, of 8imon Compton and the Common 8treet. He holds land in B 

unded by the land of William Sprever, he holds land in Estfeld I 
by tl Chipp and Henry Btaoe. sum 6 . 

•;r of Walter < fripp holds land bounded by the land of the bi rof B . 
Wakkeleyn and William Swanne ; and he holds in Hagdali bounded by t he land 
ol Boger Chipp and of Walter Chipp, and William Swann ; he holds land in 
Estfeld formerly belonging to II Stace v 

William Peion, seu., holds land calle i Tempters bounded bj the land • I 
ham College, and the common street leading from G to Cobbam* 

nd the path \temita from Prostenstret to Hendelestret ; li«' holds lands 
in le Broke bounded by the land ol Cobbam College and of William 

K % 



132 COBHAM AND ITS MANORS, ETC 

and other lands in le Broke bounded by the lands of Cobhani College, 'William 
Mason and of William Peion of Luddesdon, and land bounded by that of John 
Yeresley and Robert Holte. 

Sum 12 acres 3 roods. Sum 2s. ljd. and he owes 7 d . 

John Robyn holds land in lanehend bounded by the lands of Thomas Rugge 
and John Bobbys; other lands in Redyn bounded by that of Roger Rowe and 
John Bobbys ; and lauds in Beneheigh bounded by the land of John Robyn, 
and the highway, and land in Nothirgardyn. Sum xij d. 

In an entry, partially obliterated, occurs a field " Lullisdoune " as a boundary, 
and the names Roger Chipp, Henry Stace, John Northall ; lands in Replynnes 
between the Common Street and the land of Richard Gerniyn and John 
Marchall ; land in Brownscrett bounded by the land of John Marchall and 
William Swan, and the way which leads from Cobham to Nusted ; and land in 
Hegdale bounded by the land of Walter Chipp, John Marchall and Roger 
Walkeley ; and land in Okefeld bounded by the land of John Chipp, W. Chipp, 
William Swanu, Roger Chipp, and John Marchall. 

Sum 13 acres 1 rood ; Sum 2s. 2d. 

John Joskyn holds land in Wylmyns between the lands of William Sprever 
jun. and senior, Bermondsey priory, the Bishop of Rochester called Cherchefeld, 
he holds land at Toltyngtrow^h. Sum 7 acres. Sum 14 d . 

Sir John Ilotte holds lands in Cobhambury 3 acres and a rood at a rental of 
6 d per annum. 



APPENDIX No. 8. 
Account of the neat values of the seveball Estates as agbeed to 

BY ALL THE CoifBS 12th OCTOBEB 1719. 

Cobham. 

The Mannor of Cobham and the Quitrents. (Valued at £135. The values of 
the other properly are not here given.) 

A Tenem' and Smith fforge and piece of Laud in Cobham Street in the 
Occupation of Edward Lambart. 

The Mansion House called Cobham Hall and the Lands of Coppise Woods 
within the Beer Parke not yet valued. 

The Breadth of Woodland w"dut the Inner Parke Pale between that Pale and 
the Road in length from Brewers Gate to half- Penny* Lane w ch is the farther 
Corner of the Paddock w"in the Mannor of Cobham. Thi< i< taken to be part 



* Mow called " Ha'pence Lane." 



C01H I AM AM) CT8 MANORS, ETC. 133 

of the wa.-t of the Afannor "i Cobham and i- inoluded in the value thereof 
timber thereon u inoluded in the aooounl ol timber in the Parka 
Platte [farms in ihc occupation of John Franoklyn. 

( lOBB \m a.n 1/ Si KOOD. 

Knight's Place ffarm in the occupation of < ■ rs 

The Shaw upon the Waal whioh layee between the Parke pale and the ll 
Ijoyning to Knights Place forms. 

Cobham Cuztob \ni> Luddesdou n 
Ooi 1719 

A ilm I severall pieces of Land called the Warren and Warren Land 

iwitli out Baokinden Hill) in the occupation of John Walter. 

( !0BB \M 
Coale Wood in the Outer Parks and the Timber and Growth of Und< I 

thereon. 

Cobham and Si k<>od. 

Boghurste Springs and Broad Oak Wood in the outer Parke and _v Timber 
and Growth of Undervi 1 thereon. 

COBHAM. 

Foxhole io the Outer Parke and the Timber and growth of Undent 1 

thereon. 

Cobb lm. 
Shaws in the Wid° ffennere Ground and the Timb i rth of Under 

thereon. 

Ashen Bank Noroott and Middle Wood and the Timber and Growth of 
Underwood thereon. 

Cobham v.m> Lxtddbsdowk. 

Ellisome Botton i id wood with the Timber thereon (the Growth of 

- rood is of no value). 

Cobb \m 

Cobham Hun Wood and Little Cobham Berry W 1 laid into i I 

the Timber and Growth of Underwood then 



APPENDIX No. !». 



Taxation oi mi: PABISH 01 COBHAM fok one whole nin 

11 IIknky VI. [1485-6], taken by John Hale and William 
Sebfbb. 

From the lordship of Cobham . xxxiij'virj 4 
from the lordship of Horherst (P) . . . ix* 
from the Master ol the College for the tene- 
ment of Viaundei vij* 



131 



COBHAM AND ITS -MANORS, ETC. 



from the same for Northcourte Manor 

from "William Peion 

from Richard Gyrdeler 

from Walter Pr - 

from John Marshall 

from John Germyu 

from John Marshall, jun. 

from the heirs of John Porter 

from John Chippe, sen. 

from Roger Chippe 

from Henry Walkelen 

from John Chippe, jun 

from John Ingold 

from Robert Reynold 

from John Robom (?) 

from John Dobbes 

from the tenement of Roger Walkelen 

from the tenement of ... . Brome 

from Agnes Vsekyn 

from Robert Stace 

from Laurence Trespyu 

from Laurence Wodde 

from Reginald Stace 

from John Stace . 

from Thomas Hotte 

from Robert Golly 

from John Hale . 

from Nicholas Wright 

from John Waryn 

from Robert Sprever 

from William Sprever 

from Henry Smyth 

from Thomas Smyth 

from John Andre Ave 

from John Yeresley 

from Richard Tunuoke 

from Henry Wilkyns 

from Thomas ferrauntz 

from Thomas Walker 

from .Jiilin Morys . 

from Thomas Morys 

from Thorn! - l- 

l'rom Williiun Kynge 

from Henry Brydde 

from John Wright 

from William Sleper 

from Peter levey . 

from John AVikham 



ni] 8 
x" 
ij 8 

vii.'r' 
ij' 
xx' 1 
iiij" 
iiij" 
viij' 1 
xvj d 
iiij" 
xvj d 
xij" 
xij" 

i.i" 
v 9 

xvj" 



xy a 

iiij a 
v jd 

xx d 

iiij" 
xvj d 
xij' 1 

ij 9 
xx" 

iiij- 
xij" 

ij" 

xij" 

xij" 

iiij" 

ij" iiij" 

ij' 
viij' 1 

ij" 

iij- iiij' 1 

iiij" 

xij" 

vj" 

iiij" 

'J" 
xv.i" 

ij" 

xij" 
vj" 



COBHAH AM) ns MANORS, ETC. 



]:;;, 



from Roberto Holto 
from Thomas ( orieer 
from Etoberl Andrewe 

from H 1 1 ir \ II. \ word . 
from Richard VFakefeld 
ire. m John Rowgb 
from Robert Barbrooke 
from \\'ilii;uii Boobier . 
from William Prion 
from Geoffrey Absolon , 
from Julia < rower 



iiij' 1 
iiij ' 
iiij- 

V 
nij' 1 

U' 

viij 

vj" 
iiij ' 

ij' 



( 130 ) 



LETTERS OF EDWARD HASTED TO 
THOMAS ASTLE. 



Me. E. Cooke of Detling, to whom we were indebted for the 
transcript of the Hasted Autobiographical Memoirs printed 
in our last Volume, has kindly sent copies of the following 
letters addressed by our Kentish historian to his friend 
Thomas Astle. Astle, who had a considerable reputation in 
his day as a paleographer and antiquary, was engaged on the 
Catalogue of the Harleian MSS. in the BritishMuseum library, 
and was also — with Sir Joseph Ayloffe and Dr. Ducarel — 
employed by the Government to draw up a report on the 
public records at Westminster and Whitehall. Hence he 
was particularly well placed for rendering assistance to the 
industrious friend who was so busily employed in gathering 
materials for his County history. Hasted was evidently 
fully alive to the value of Astle's friendship, and his advances 
seem to have been met with considerable generosity, though 
judging from the single extant letter in reply from his pen, 
Astle's correspondence was not marked by the same effusive- 
ness. When the first volume of the History of Kent appeared 
in 1778 with its dedication to King George III. Hasted had 
hones that " something would come of it," and was not 
a little disappointed when, after the ponderous volume was 
salVly depositee] jn the Royal library, no further notice was 
taken of its author, and the vision of a knighthood, on 
which Astle had apparently rallied his friend, melted away. 
When the third volume was ready, in 1791, Hasted's affairs 
were already on the down grade, and to Astle was entrusted 
the disagreeable tasfc of informing the Royal Librarian that 



LETTERS OP EDWARD HASTED. 137 

if delivered the volume must be paid for. In the later 
letters Hasted adopts a far less familiar style, the " Dear 
Sir" or "Dear Astle" gives place to the mure formal " Dear 
Sir"; nevertheless, there is abundant evidence to shew that 
Astle, even in the days of his complete downfall, was Hasted's 
very good friend, and it was to him that he turned for 
assistance when his misfortunes had brought him to the 
King's Bench prison (No. 31). Astle succeeded Sir John 
Shelley as keeper of the public records in the Tower in 
1784, and died in 1803 (four years before Hasted removed to 
Corsham), bequeathing his extensive collections to the Mar- 
quis of Buckingham. In 1849 they were sold to Earl Ash- 
burnham. The following letters were purchased by Mr. Cooke 
from a London bookseller in 1902, and doubtless came from 
the Ashburnham sale. From their pagination Mr. Cooke is 
of opinion that the letters once formed part of a bound book, 
and expresses the hope that their publication may lead to 
the recovery of the remainder of the volume. 
A few notes have been added by the Editor. 

No. 1. 

Roman Camp at Eeppington, Co. Kent [1763]. 

Deak .Sijj. 

1 have often wished much to write to you, bu1 since my 
being in East Kent, 1 have kept BO close to MSS. and Antiquities, 
that it has not been in my Power to furnish materials for one. Hut 
I have broke from them for a little while, and last week spent my 
time most agreably with Bryan Posset,* when most of our Time-. 

Indeed all that we could spare from the Ladies, was spent In his 
study, or in sallying out to mid Roman Camps, Tumuli, etc. This 
we properly Dressed for, and had you sren us. you would certainly 

* The Rev. Bryan Faussett of [Ieppin^ton near Canterbury, horn 17l'o. was 
an antiquary oi Buch high repute in his day thai he was called by his contem- 
poraries "the British Montfaucon." The late Mr. C. Roach Smith, in 16 
edited W Mr. Joseph Mayor, Paussett'a Journals relating to field work in I si 
Kent, under the title of Tnvt ntorium Sepulchrale, which contain-; a few references 
to Basted, but does aot mention the work al the " Roman Camp" referred i<> in 
the above letter. It- Bite was probably thai of the well-known earth-work in 
Itlin's Wood. 



138 LETTEUS OF EDWAKD HASTED 

have taken us for Robinson Crusoe and his man Friday. "We found 
a fine Roman Camp, about 2 miles from him [sic], Heppington 
in Kent, containing 8 acres and a Double Vallum, and The Praetorium 
Way very Entire, 3 or four feet above the Ground, but quite Covered 
with Bushes and Brambles, and he is very soon to have it very clean 
and nice. Without the outermost Vallum is a plain intrenchru 1 
of the Britains, and this we conjecture to have been the place where 
the Romans kept their Castra csstiva, whilst Canterbury Served them 
for their "Winter Quarters, from "Which it is Distant about 2 miles 
and an half. In our Progress homeward on the Roman Road, "Which 
goes on Each side it, about 2 fields from Mr. Fosset's house we 
thought we found a Large & certain Tumulus, about 22 yards 
Diameter, & getting 5 or 6 hands together, we set them all to 
Work. & M r Fosset got himself his hollow Trowel and Tools proper 
for the purpose. "We dug a Trench about 2 ft. wide, thro' the 
middle of it as Low as we perceived the Earth to have been laid by 
art, about a foot below the surface We found a Compact Pavement 
Circumflex, as the shape of the Barrow Way, all of flints curiously 
cut with the chissel to fit one with the other, near the out sides they 
were smallest, about the size of a Pidgeons Egg, & as they Came 
nearer the Crown of the Tumulus, they Increased Larger, to the 
Size of about Three Inches by one & an half, but all so close and 
Compact that no Tool Could Penetrate them Struck downright on 
them, but by undermining them on the outside, we made shift to 
get them up ; under this was a Laying of clay, then another of the 
Common Earth of the Place, and then another thick Pavement the 
same as the other, & about Two feet Underneath it. Under this 
another Stratum of Clay, then one of Mould, & under it Chalk for 
about 2 feet deep. I was obliged to Leave the same Afternoon, 
Eeppington on my Return home, so that I do not know what he 
has done in it since, but I shall very soon, and then I shall Let you 
know What it has turned out, for we Were both of us In great 
Doubt whether it was British or Roman, and M r Fosset Was greatly 
Inclined to think it was more likely to be the Latter, but We found 
no signs of any one buried there. We found a Square flint about 
3| Inches Square & i Inch thick cut very nicely with the chisel, and 
on one side of it, it Was much Blackt With the remains of having 
had a fire on it, it is on the Roman Road from Canterbury to the 
Portue Lemanis, about Three miles from the former and about a 
mile from the above Camp, from which there comes quite up to it, 
a hollow Way and the Road divides at it, running then ou Each 



TO THOMAS ASTLE. 139 

side and Joins Immediately as it Ends, again. I should be verj 
much obliged to you If you would be so kind to look into the 
visitations of Berkshire, In the Museum, if you can find there any 
of the name of Hasted, I have by me a confirmation of a Coat of 
Arms Granted by Segar, Garter, to Laurence Hasted, my Gt Gfc 
Grandfather, of Sunning in Berks, in the year 1628, viz : Gules 
an Eagle Displayed Ermine, Beaked and Legged or, and a Chief 
Chequer or and az* If you could find any Information for me of 
them, either there or any Where else I should be very Much obliged 
to you. 

Nov. 4, 1763. 
I hope much to see you in this Country to make a Tour 
together with S' Joseph Ayloffe & D 1 ' Ducarel, to both whom I beg 
my respects When you see them, and I hope they Will not forget 
me when they iiud any Matters relating to Kent. I hope I shall 
have the pleasure of hearing from you often, which I assure you 
Will be a very great one to me. 

I am, D r Sir, 
Tour Much obliged humble Servant, 
Throwley, near Faversham, Edward Hasted. 

NoV 4 th , 1763. 



No. 2. 

23 Nov. 1763. Hasted to Astle. Giving au account of the 
progress of his " History." 

Deae Sib, 

I received your most obliging favour, and return you many 
thanks For the trouble you take In Continually thinking of me. 
Tou Judge very right that the MSS. & Drafts you mention AVill 
be very acceptable, Indeed they Will, There is no satisfying an 
Antiquarian's Appetite, the more you feed him. the more Ravening 
he Grows. Those or anything you Can procure for me, I shall 
receive With many thanks to you, and any little matters (if any 
should fall in your Way that Cannot be procured for a small time) 
I shall gladly pay the Expewce of, if you will be so kind to trouble 
yourself to get y 1 " Copyed for me. I should be very Glad of 

* Hasted was probably descended from a purely Kentish ancestry. His great- 
grandfather, Moses Hasted, or Harsted, was a yeoman in the neighbourhood of 
Canterbury at or about the date of the grant referred to, and there is not the 
hast reason to suppose that he was iu any way connected with the Hasteds of 
Berkshire. 



1-10 LETTERS OF EDWARD HASTED 

any thing relating to y c Pedigrees or Arms of any body relating to 
this County, perhaps M r Etlmondson may have some which you 
Could procure for me, you know I am not Long In Going thro' 
them, & Will return them Within any limited time. The Drawings 
I shall be In hopes of. as soon as you Can Conveniently send them. 
All parcels Will Come safe to me by any of the Canterbury 
Machines, directed for me To be Left at the Roe Buck in Ospringe, 
and I beg a line at the same time by the same Post that I may send 
& Enquire after them and prevent their being Lost. 

I am much ashamed of Asking you these favors, but I must 
trust to your Good Nature for my Excuse in it. Whatever is or 
shall be In my Power, you May always freely Command. 

I should Wish for much from your Augm tn office, but I am 
afraid my seldom seeing London, & my small stay when there, "Will 
prevent my Ever profitting by such valuable Records & your Great 
Kindnesses In Laying them open to me. I do assure you I Work 
very hard from Morning to Night, and I have The Good Luck to 
have some very valuable MSS. Pour in frequently. I have Just 
finished The Materials D r Plot Left for his " Natural History of 
Kent," and am now about those which Warburton, Som 1 Herald, 
had Collected for a History of this County. 

I shall be very glad to Wait on you, if you Come to Surreuden 
at Xmas. Besides the pleasure I shall have in seeing you I shall 
have an Opportunity of seeing the Surrenden Library, for tho' 
1 Was very Well acquainted With the late S r Edw d Dering, I am 
not at all known to the present Gent". It will give me Much 
pleasure to hear from you often, for I am so far from Town now, 
thai What is out of Date with you is great news to me. One thing 
1 enjoy much here. Which Induces me to stay at Throwley, I enjoy 
my Time & Leisure Without the Interruption of too many visitors, 
with which I was Pestered at Sutton. 

You will be so kind to make my Compts to S 1 ' Joseph Ayl[off], 
and if 1 have not the pleasure of seeing him, the D r , and you[rself] 
before, I shall claim his promise next Summer, & I dare [say] to 
make it a most agreable Antiquarian Tour. 
1 am, I) 1 Sir, 
Your much obliged & most obedient Servant. 

Throwlev, near Peversham, Edwabd Hasted. 

Nov 1 23 d , 170:5. 

[Addressed] To M r Astle at the British Museum. 



TO THOMAS ASTLE. 141 

No. 8. 
Dear Sir, 

I received a Letter a Day or Two ago from M r Brian 
Fosset of Heppington, in Which ho gave me an Account, that on 
liis being at the Antiq" Society, when last in Town, the secretary 
was reading the Account I sent you of the Tumulus, thai he & I had 
been trying to open. That he desired the President to pay no 
further regard to it, and promised to send a true Account of it. 
There is no doubt, bu1 had I thoughl thai Letter Would have heen 
read at the Society 1 should have put it in hotter Dress, but as 
I think M r Fosset' s behaviour has attacked the Truth of it, It is 
Incumbent on me to assert the truth of the facts there mentioned, 
and to declare there they are littoral v & minutely true. As to the 
Conjectures they are but Conjectures, but are such as he or myself 
then made, and both acquiesced in at that time. I may perhaps 
have mistaken his Words, but as you Were present 1 hope you 
Will Let me know your thoughts of it, & if there is Occasion, that 
you Will vindicate It at your meeting, for if It is Consistent With 
the Rules of your Society and they thought the Materials Worth 
their hearing, I should Insist on its being read there and a Proper 
Regard had to it, for I would sooner forgive any man's accusing 
me of almost anything Whatsoever rather than of an Untruth* — 
1 will say no more of this, but I hope very soon to hear from you 
more of it, which I shall expect With much Impatience. I work 
so hard at my favorite design, morning, noon, and night, that I know 
nothing of the World, but what my Correspondents & the News- 
papers Inform me of. 1 hope to do so much this winter in the 
Transcribing Part, that when the fine Weather Comes In Summer 
I shall have nothing to prevent my viziting Every Parish in the 
County Without Which I can never Compleat my Work, and 
I should be very Unwilling to print it before I had made use of 
your kind offers of the Augmentation office & Museum, for which 
I must allot i or 5 months in London, but when that Can be 
I cannot fix, as my materials Increase beyond my utmost Expecta- 
tions, and tho' the further I proceed the more labour I find still to 
go thro', yet I am more & more Convinced Every day, that I shall 

It is pleasant to relate that this early instance of the Odium Archceologicum 
between rival antiquaries, which is still far from being extinct, was not allowed 
to rankle. Hasted in a letter to Dr. Ducarel in 1780, written alter Faussett's 
death, describes the latter as " Our late friend Bryan Faussent, who was I do 
think as capable and learned a man in that way as this country ever had or will 
produce" {Inventorium Sepulchrale, Appendix, p. 215). 



112 LETTERS OF EDWARD HASTED 

be able to make it a History tolerably Compleat ; At Least 
Infinitely "more" so than any yet made Public, but I find that I must 
next summer gei a young man somewhere, to live with me [as] 
Amanuensis, for I shall have full Employment for him, and myself 
too, and I shall spare neither Trouble nor Expence in it. I wish 
much for an opportunity of seeing London, In hopes I may then 
have the pleasure of spending some hours with you. I had some 
hopes <if seeing you in Kent this Xmas, but I find the time is now 
past without it which is no small Disappointment to me, 
AVho am, Dear Sir, 
Your much obliged & most obedient Servant. 
Throwley, near Fevcrsham, Eowabb Hasted. 

Jany. 17 th , 1764. 

ISo. 4. 
1764. March 17 th . [Black Prince, Houmout.] 
Dear Sir, 

Had I not been in AYeekly Expectation of being Called To 
London, I should have answered yours Long before now, AVhich 
bears a Date so Long ago as January. I find this Will not be, till 
after my return to Sutton, about the Middle of next month or 
beginning of May, for the summer, "When I hope I shall have the 
pleasure of seeing you frequently both there and in Town. The 
Last time I Wrote to D r Ducarel (to which I have not yet been 
favored With an Answer), I begged the favor of him, to acquaint 
me where I Could order my entrance money to be paid to the 
Antiq" Society, what it was, and by what time it ought To be paid. 
If May Would do, I could then pay it myself, or If more Proper 
before, I would order it Immediately, & I should be much obliged 
to you to Inform me of it. 

1 have lately been Very Laborious In Heraldry, & have Col- 
lected 3 volumes With pretty Good Authority's, and about 2000 
Coats of Arms. AVhich. though at first it Cost me some pains & 
Trouble as Well in the Blazon as Colours, yet 1 go on now 
toller ably Well t t quick, bu1 I End 1 want the Treasures oi the 
Uritish MuBceum, In this Branch especially. Very Much Indeed. 
AjB t" the Drawings, [f you Will favor me When 1 come to Town 
With an Introduction to the Gentleman, 1 Will Gladly Wait od 
him & beg a ffighl of them, and then only. 1 Can be a Judge of 
What AVill be useful In my Design, & 1 can then take the Account 
: Dover Castle back With me. 



TO TnOMAS ASTLE. 113 

I congratulate you much on your Discoveries A: I think you 
vcr\ happy in them, they Could Dot have fallen into Better hands, 
who either would or Can improve them more than yourself. If 
you go on thus a few years your Collection will be a very valuable 
one [ndeed. 

In my observations on the Monument of Edw d The Black 
Prince, at Canterbury, I observe over the Coat of Arms of the 
Bides! son of England, a Label With this Word Houmout ; whatit 
means I cannot possible Conjecture, & a Learned Antiquarian 
Friend of mine tells me he has a Grant of this Prince's, wherein he 
rign* himself Houmout. I wish among your Acquaintance you 
Would mention this, especially to the D r & S r Joseph, who will 
perhaps be so kind to t^ivc me their Thoughts on it — as I can find 
no title at that given to him, Whereby I can form any hint to 
myself of it. 

My next Labour will be to Attack Dugdale's Monasticon & 
Carefully to Extract out of him Whatever relates to Kent. The 
more the Antiquarian toils the more he sees beyond him to Eu- 
counter ; it is Well they prove So pleasant to us, for as there is no 
End to them, We should otherwise soon tire & Stop the pursuit, 
Bui I think this Will never happen to you or me. 

Pray make my Compts. to S 1 ' Joseph Ayloff & D r Ducarrel and 

I am, D r Sir, 
Your most sincere humble Servant, 
Throwley. Edward Hasted. 

March 11"', 1764. 

As it is Impossible to be an Antiquarian without having a 
Particular Attachment to the Ladies, at Least I Judge so, from 
those I have the pleasure of being acquainted With, and you are a 
young Man, Why Cannot you take a ride to our Assize Ball, 
Wednesday sennight; If you are fond of Dancing you Will have 
an Exceeding Good one, and In all likelyhood your Flame Will be 
there. 1 would Induce you If 1 could, in the 1 st place for vour 
own sake, & in the next, thru I may have the pleasure of meeting 
you there. I don! question If you Were to give S r .Joseph Two or 
three Items of our Kentish Lasses, if he would not Leave Even the 
Charms of the British Musoeum for those of a Beautiful] Lass of 
Seventeen. Adieu. 



Id4 LETTERS OF EDWARD HASTED 

No. 5. 
Dear Sir, 

I should not have troubled you so soon with another Letter, 
Especially as it is to ask a favor & Trouble of you, but your offers 
of Kindness have Incouraged me to it. 

It is to beg you to get me an Exact Copy Verbatim of a Grant 
of Arms in your Musceum, markt as follows: — Vol. 2 d , No. 4900, 
10, To John Dorman — as this, by the name, In all likelvhood nearly 
concerns me.* If it "Will not be too much trouble I should be very 
Glad to have it, and as soon as you Can conveniently. I hope you 
AVill not forget the Tour you talked of making With sr. Joseph 
& D 1 Ducarrel into East Kent this spring. If you do, I hope 
I shall have the pleasure of accompanying you & them. I shall 
be always Glad to have the pleasure of hearing from you, and any 
trifles of Antiquarian fare "Will be a Eich repast to me at all times. 

I am, Dear sir, 

your much obliged 

& most obedient Servant, 

Throwley, Edward Hasted. 

Ap'1764. 

[In another hand : — ] 

A Grant from Thos. Wriothesley, (Tarter, to John Dowman of 
Potelington, Com. York, LL.D., 20 July 1526. 



No. G. 
[Roman Tumuli near Canterbury.] 
Dear Sir, 

I wish it had been In my Power to have met you at 
Tunbridge, had I been at Sutton I certainly should, but from 
hence the Distance is bo great, thai it put it entirely out of my 
Power. When your Letter Came 1 was gone to disturb some Bones 
of ill'' old Romans on Ohartham Doicns near Canterbury. The 
Tumuli there are upwards of 100, of different Sizes. We opened 
four: the iirst was one of the Smallest. In this we found : 1 st the 

• Hasted had married Anne, daughter of John Dorman of Sutton at Hone, 
in 1755; \w< efforts to find a Coal of Anns lor his wife were apparently un- 
- in l 



TO THOMAS AJBTLE. ] l-"» 

skeleton Entire of one, Whom We Judged, by the Size of hie Bones, 
to have [been] a man in the Prime of his youth, his teeth Were 
remarkably firm A: Btrong. Close under this We found another 
ton, which from Several Circumstances, We Judged to have 
been a Woman's; no Armour, Urns, or Least thing besides was 
found, tho' we Emptied the Grave entirely. The next Was much 
Larger talent :<o yards over). In this We found the Skeleton of 

a ver\ youth, With the remains of a Bos or Collin, I n Which he had 

been buried, & no one thing else remarkable, Except that In turning 
over the Earth, Which had been thrown on, at the raising of the 
Barrow, We Eound manj Pieces of Broken Urns, and the Antler 

(as \\'e Judged) of a Calt'e. Which seemed, as if ii had been Burnt. 

The next We open'd Was no1 far distant, tho' not quite so large : 
here we found nothing: the Bones being Entirely decayed, as they 
Were in the next. Which was of the Smallest size. I think the 
above proves this place, Contrary to the opinion of most, if not all, 
our former Antiquaries, to have been, not the place only Where 
a Battle has been fought (if any Ever Was there) but in after 
times a Common Burial Ground to their Garison at Canterbury, 
from Which it lyes but three Short miles ; but I intend this 
summer to have another Day's trial here, What I then discover 
T will Let you know. I am much ohliged to you for your kind 
offer as to the Society's money, but that is finished by l) r Ducarrel's 
Kindness. 

1 do not overlook your very kind promises of assisting me as 
to Kent, [shall gladly thank you for Every little trifle you Will 
pin down on Paper for me, & I shall very Willingly return it with 
any thing In my Power. 

1 shall be always Glad to hear from you. tho' now franks are 
abolished 1 must sound the Inclinations of my Correspondents, 
before 1 put them to the charge of Postage, for What Was not 
worth the Expence of time it took them up before, in reading only, 
hut 1 must measure the Intervals of mine to them, from theirs 
to me. 

I am, with Compliments to D r Ducarrel & S r Joseph Ayloffe, 
& With My sincere Wishes of our meeting soon together In Kent, 

]> r sir, 

your most Sincere humble servant, 

Throwley, Edward Hasted. 

Api. 29 th , 1764 

VOL. XXV 11. T, 



146 LETTERS OF EDWARD HASTED 

No. 7. 
Dear Sir, 

I received your kind favor by the D r and the Extract 
With it from the Bolls, it is quite us full as 1 could Wish it to 
be & Will be o\' as great use to me, as any thing I have as yet met 
AVitli from my friends. If there are any manors of a Different 
name from the Parish, it "Would save me much trouble to name the 
Parish too & the tenure of the estate Especially. I am quite 
ashamed of this Trouble you give yourself for me. If it is Ever in 
my Power I shall always return it "With many thanks, as I shall 
for any Materials you Can at any time oblige me in. 

The Last Week has been most pleasantly & agreably spent, 
& Wanted nothing more than yourself & S 1 ' Joseph to make it 
more so. I shall trouble you With another Letter Very Soon, for 
at present I write In the midst of Pipes, Tobacco, on Bad Paper, 
Worse Pens & Ink, & Every Inconvenience of a Tavern. 

I am, D r sir, 

Tour Much obliged friend & sert., 

Ospringe, Edward Hasted. 

May 19 th , 1764. 

To M r Astle At the British Museum. 



No. 8. 
Dear Sir, 

How often I have Intended thanking you for your last kind 
favour I need not tell you. I will not think that you Suppose me 
so void of Gratitude, or even common civility, not to have acknow- 
ledged it, had I not been prevented by many Concurring circum- 
stances. I have Expected Every Week to have made myself happy 
With you In London. This M' 3 Ilasted's Condition has prevented 
& kept me Confined at home. I received your kind note from 
RuiOu'sier, A did think 1 should have seen you In your return, 
1 own, as 1 did not, I thought you Were still at Surrenden, till 
yesterday, when I heard of your return & that you are angry With 
me. You musl not be angry With me — you shall not — When 1 have 
never Intended a Cause for it, but Day after Day, Week after 
Week, has stole on, aol one Without uneasiness to my self in not 
having Wrote to you, & still thinking I should get to you almost as 
Boon as my Letter, W it lias run on to this Length of time, I am 



TO THOMAS ASTLE. 1 17 

Convinced (tho' not Intended) it lb Wrong and deserves your 
Anger, as such I submil to your friendship, and know your 
generous Bentiments Will nol Lei me long be in BUBpence, thai you 

forgive me. I own I greatlv admire your g I Qualities & Esteem 

your friendships, and as 1 highly value them both, I shall be much 
hurt to Lose you, more so by any unintended art of mine, bul ol 
this I will now say no more, hoping to see you at the Augmentation 
office nexl Tuesday (ir Wednesday, when I hope yon Will not 
deny me your Company for a hay or Two as I shall not return till 
the next Evening. 

T hope b 1 Joseph & I»' Ducarrel will be kind Enough to Let me 

haw the pleasure of being With them as much as they Can. 
I dont, Indeed 1 cannot often meet With such pleasure, such 
Eappyness 1 may Call it, 1 have thoughl it such— since 1 have 
been favored with their & your friendships; my best respects attend 
them both. 

I must have a Line from you this Week (however unreasonable) 
to tell me you think no more of being angry; my best Wishes 
attend you always. 

Who am, Dear sir, 
Tour most Affectionate friend & sert . 
Sutton, Edward Hasted. 

July 31 st , 17G4. 
[Addressed] To Thos. Astle, Esq., at the British Museum, 
Bloomsbury, London 
His ireacf is fiaSe 



No. 9. 
Dear Astle, 

T Wrote you a Letter the other Day directed to the Treasury 
which I suppose you had, I knew nothing then of our Assembly 
Ball, Which is to be at Dartford next raonday, Where I hope you 
Will be. and Indeed I claim a promise of it from you. made Soon 
after your Dis-appointing me at the Last. I shall hope to see you, 
if you can, on the Sunday, and hope, if you have any friend, that it 
will be agreable for you to bring with you. that you Will not Come 
alone; and I shall Expect you accordingly Without any Excuses. 
1 have a near friend, whose Intere.-t 1 have much at heart, who 

Would reap great Benefil from founder'- Kin at New College. 1 
think I heard you say you had a Descenl to 8' Edv< Dering from 

L 2 



LAS LETTERS OF EDWARD HASTED 

Wickham — If you have or Can procure it for me, it Will oblige me 
much ; all the knowledge I want at present is. by AVhat Means & 
by Whom the Descent Came bo the Derings, to whom of them & 
at what time. I shall Make no Excuse for the Trouble, as yon know- 
how Much 1 am obliged to you for this £ many other favors and 
how ready 1 shall be at all times to Serve you to the Utmost of my 
Power, not only in return for these, but out of the Sincere value 
& friendship 1 bear to you. I beg my best respects to S r Joseph 
Ayloffe & D r Ducarrel, 

& I remain, D r sir, 
Your Much obliged Friend & Servant, 
Sutton, Edward Hasted. 

March G th , 1765. 

\_Addressed~\ 

To Thos. Astle, Esq r , at the Treasury, Whitehall, London. 



No. 10. 
Dear Astle, 

It is With the greatest Concern, I heard as I was just 
Leaving Town on friday, that you had been so very 111, I was but 
a few hours in Town, and I imagined you had been in Staffordshire, 
as you hinted to me in your last, I should otherwise have Certainly- 
made my way to South, Lambeth, as it would have given me great 
pleasure to have found you recovered from so dangerous an Illness, 
which from your own Letter I took to be but very slight. Was I 
vour Physician I should advise you change of Air at Some Small 
distance, an Easy Journey, and should prescribe a Week, at least, 
a1 Sutton. My Chariot Will be in Town on Wednesday Evening 
Next and return home on Thursday, you would Make us both 
happy if M r " Astle and yourself would fill it hither, it should be at 
your Command at any hour by leaving a Line at my Mothers before 
that time, I need not tell you, I dare say you Will believe me that 
W'c Will do all We can to forward your recovery, and you know 
here your time and the method of filling it up is entirely at your 
own disposal. M r " Basted has lain in of a Girl the Week before 
last, so that she now gets about again. She has a great desire to 
Ask M rs Astle to be one of the Godmothers if it Would not be 
disagreable to her, This you Will tell her without Ceremony, and 
we Will suit the time according to vour Owe Convenience from a 



TO THOMAS ASTLE. 149 

Week to three weeks hence, but I Wish and hope to see you here. 
when I can talk of it to you myself. 

I Corrected the Bheei you Benl Me and told the Printer to send 
the others to me, but I have no1 heard Er m him Since, by What 
you sent me I think there remains .Much of the Letters imprinted. 
There is a Paragraph in the firsl LO Lines of the life, Which I must 
alter before it is printed off, if I can do it in the Proof sheet. STou 
Will be so kind to let me have it for that purpose, when ready. 
M Hasted , loins With me in our hest Compliments to M" Astle 
a yourself, and I am at all times. Believe me. D r 8ir, 

Your Sincere friend Sc Servant, 
Sutton. Sept' 1 M . 17t;0. EDWABD Hastku. 

dddressi d 

To Thos. Astle. Esq., at the Treasury. Whitehall, London. 

1 J 



No. 11. 
DEAB Ami B, 

I received the favor of yours on Sunday, With a very 
Impertinent Letter to you from Dodsley* on the back of it. T have 
no greal opinion of the merit id' the Letters myself, and yet 1 
think 1 have seen more [nsignificant than these Published, trifling 
as they are, he must he a most Impudent Puppy to offer to write 
such a one to you, a Stranger to him. I am very Sorry you have 
had so much trouble in managing of it. and did I not know your 
own Worthy Disposition and the pleasure you take in Serving your 
Friends, I Should return yon a sheet full of Complaints for it. 
Which 1 shall change into my Sincere thanks, to you. not only for 
this, hut the many other Acts of Friendship I have so often 
red from you. The Leasl trouble I think Would he to Let 

Griffin have it. clearing himself Every Expense, and if any Profit 
should ac.-nie from it. he should have the half of it ; If he thinks 
that too much, then Let him take the Whole — in either Case; that 
we should have 6 or 7 Copies a piece half Hound gratis— and that 

the Title shall be approved by us before it is printed and neither of 
our names Mentioned in or ahout it — as Editors or otherwise — and 

* James Dodsley, younger brother of the more celebrated Robert Dodsley, 
dramatist, printer, and bookseller. We arc unable to discover the nature of the 
[■uhlioation to which lla.su.>d refers. 



150 LETTERS OP EDWARD HASTED 

if you "Will be so obliging to see this Done, the sooner We get rid 
of it the Better— for the time for the Sale of such things "Wears off 
apace. I hope to have the pleasure of Waiting upon you very soon 
in London, but I have a close attendance at the Assizes here, and 
When they Will permit me to return I cant yet tell. My best 
Compliments as Well as M™ Hasted's attend you and M rs Astle 
and our best Wishes for the Health of your Little Gentleman, and 
I am, D r Sir, 

Your Ever Affectionate friend, 

Maidstone, Edward Hasted. 

March 16 th , 1767. 

I beg my Respects to Sir Joseph Ayloffe and D 1 Ducarrel. 
Whatever you agree AVith Griffin make him Sign his name to it. 

[Addressed] 

To Thos. Astle, Esq., at the Treasury, Whitehall, London. 

[Seal]. 



No. 12. 
Deae Astle, 

I should have answered your obliging Favors before now, 
but I was in great hopes of seeing you in Town today ; This I am 
prevented of by the Weather, Which tho' very happy, Warm, 
Seasonable, yet is so very Wet that It would be a folly to Attempt 
it. I am very Well pleased With your Agreement about the 
Letters, I hope by this time you have quite Compleated the Whole 
of it. I thank you much for the Trouble you have had in it ; Which 
I shall be Glad to repay by any like good turn in my Power. I 
have Wrote S r E. Dering a Letter of Thanks for his MSS. & 
Letting him know that I had Sent the Whole of them to you. I 
hope I shall be able Some time Within this Fortnight to Call on 
you, by Which time I hope you Will have Settled the time of your 
Tours this Summer into Kent. M 1S Hasted Joins With me in 
Compliments to M rs Astle & Yourself, & 1 remain, Lear Sir, 

Your Sincere friend & humble Servant, 
Sutton, Edward Hasted. 

Apl. 23 d , 1707. 

[Addressed as before.] 



TO THOMAS ASTLE. 151 

No. 13. 

Jan. 8, 1774. 

Dear Sib, 

I cannot omit the first opportunity of returning you my 
besl thanks \'or the Honor you have been so kind to procure for 
rae, which 1 assure you J receive With all due Respect & Gratefull- 
ness. If there should be any Letter Written, any Notice or other 
kind of Acknowledgment taken of it by me, you "Will be so kind to 
Instruct me in it, A I shall be happy in the doing it. 

What return further than my thanks I can make to you I know 
not. I can only assure you that should you, as I know you Make 
Excursions in Summer into the Country, favor us "With a visit at 
Canterbury 1 shall do all in my Power to make this Place a. its 
Environs as agreable to you as I possibly Can, & M rs Hasted 
Will be happy to see M ra Astle & renew her former friendship 
With her. & I hope you will believe this to be really meant & not 
designed as an Empty Compliment without the Hopes of its being 
put in Execution. 

M. n Hasted .loins With me in Compliments & the Wishes of 
many happy years to yourself & M w Astle. & I remain 
Dear Sir, 

four much obliged & most obedient Servant. 
Canterbury, Edward Hasted. 

Jany. 8 th , 1771. 
Do Tims. Astle At South Lambeth in Surry. 



No. 14. 

Roiled] draft of Hasted's dedication of his history to 

King George III.] 

To the King. 

Sin. 

It is with the highesl veneration and gratitude that I return 
your Majesty my most humble thanks for the permission which 
you have been graciously pleased to allow me, of dedicating to vou 
[the First Vol. of — pen struck through] my History of the County 
of Kent, which, besides the honour thereby confered on my labours 
affords me the opportunity of personally testifying how much 
I am your 

Majesty's 

most dutiful Subject and Servant. 



152 LETTERS OF EDWARD HASTED 

No. 15. 

Thomas Astle to Edward Hasted. 
Sib, 

On the other side I send you the Draught of the Dedication 
A: the Letter to M r Dalton, to whom the Vol. sho d be sent. I men- 
tioned M r Barnard when 1 saw you, but 1 have since considered 
that as his Majesty was pleased to communicate to me his leave of 
dedicating the Book by M r Dalton I think it will be more proper 
for that Gentleman to lay it before him. As for the Dedication, 
I have considered it. & I think it is better than if it was longer. 
Yon will observe I have used the word Sir, which I think more 
proper than Sire, for the latter word wo d in my opinion be 
improper unless you was writing in French or speaking of a Stallion. 
However, I shall be glad to know if you think any alterations 
necessary. 

I am very truely, 
March 6 th , 1778. Sir, &c, T. Astle. 



No. 16. 
To Frederick Barnard, Esq r , Librarian to His Majesty. 

Sib, 

His Majesty having been graciously pleased to allow me the 
Honor of dedicating to him my History of Kent, I beg the favour 
of you to take the earliest opportunity of laying the volume which 
you will receive herewith before his majesty, & to present my 
humble duty to Him. 

1 am, 
Sir. 
your most faithful and obedient Servant, 

E. H. 

[Endorsed] Dedication to the K. of Hasted's Hist, of Kent. 

March G, 177b. 



TO THOMAS ASTLE. 153 

No. 17. 
Dear Sir, 

I duly received your kind favor with the Dedication the 
same Evening I Wrote to you to beg the favor of it, and 1 should 
have acknowledged the Receipt of it sooner, but I waited for the 
si/.t' of the vigniette to he prefixed to it to Judge how it would fill 
the remaining space of Paper. 1 approve of it very much, but find 
1 shall Want a Couple of Lines more to make it answer my Purpose, 
Which I have transcribed on the other side, & hope they will 
meet your approbation. 

When my Book is ready. Which "Will be the latter End of May, 
I propose Coming to Town myself with it, & hope then you will do 
me the honor of going with me to M r Dalton, by which means 
I shall hope to gain the opportunity of seeing the King's Library. 
In the mean time, 

I remain, with my best thanks for all your kind favors & 
Civilities, Dear [sic], 

Your most obliged & most Affectionate humble Servant, 

Canterbury, Edward Hasted. 

March 15 th , 1778. 

No. IS. 

To the King. 
Sir, 

It is with the Highest Veneration and Gratitude that I return 
l'OUR Majesty my most humble Thanks for the Permission You 
have been graciously pleased to allow me of Dedicating to Your 
M.v.i km v My History of the County of Kent, which, besides the 
Honour conferred by it on my Labours, affords me a more particular 
opportunity of testifying My Duty to Your Majesty. 

That Providence may preserve your Royal Person as a Blessing 
& Continuance of Happiness to the British Empire is the Earnesl 
Prayer of 

Yolr Majesty's 

most dutiful & most faithful Subject and servant, 
Canterbury, Edward Hasted. 

May 1 st , 1778. 

To Thos. Astle as before. 



15-i LETTEKS OF E1>WAKD HASTED 

No. 19. 

OKAS Sll;. 

As the lirst Volume of my History will I trust be ready for 

publication by the middle of next Week. I am again under a 
Necessity of troubling you for your advice In relation to my pre- 
senting to the K i n <4 bis Copy. For it' you think it will lie any 
advantage for me to Come to Town purposely to Cany it to Ins 
Library, 1 will, tho' Inconvenient at present, certainly Come up on 
Monday L , :5' 1 just for it. & will With your leave Wait on yon the 
next Morning as you shall please to appoint, but 1 must of necessity 

return before the End <d' the Week, and in that Case you will be 
so kind to direct me how to proceed in it in the mean time. But if 
a Letter Will do as Well, and your being so kind to deliver the 
Book for me. & to take the trouble of managing for me What 
ought to be on this Occasion, Will he equally as Well for me in 

every Respect. 

I should take it as an Infinite favor if you would he so kind 
so to do, and 1 will send the Hook directed for you that Day to be 
left Wherever you shall order, & I Will likewise Write such Letter 
as you will be so kind to dictate for mo to the proper Gent" on the 
Occasion to go with it. I sincerely beg your Pardon for this 
Liberty iu giving you 80 much trouble, but I rely on your Continued 
friendship & kindness to me to excuse it. I hope to have the favor 
of hearing Erom you at your Earliest leisure, & remain. With many 
thanks to you for Every Civility, 
Dear Sir, 
Tour most Sincere most obedient Servant, 
Canterbury, Edwahd Hasted. 

June 8"'. 177S. 
If you (bust' that your Copy should be sent up in the same 
Boa you will let me know, & 1 will take Care of it. The general 
publication will not be till such time after the Delivery of the 
King's as you direct me. 



No. 20. 

T. Astle to E. Hasted. 
I»I AH S|J(, 

If you send the Hook on Tuesday 1 will deliver it to 
\1 Dalton on Wednesday, & the general Publication may be as 

i after that day as you may think proper. 1 sent you a d r of 



TO THOMAS ASTLE. 155 

a Lrc. to M r Dalton, which you may scud with the Book. I skill be 
glad of my Copyai the same time. Be pleased to dired the Books 
in the paper office, & when you conic to town I will wait upon 

you to the Royal Library. 

[ Unsigned^ 



No. 21. 
Dear Sir. 

By yesterday's Coach I sent to London to M r Johnson's, 
Bookseller in S 1 Paul's churchyard, a parcel directed to you at the 
Treasury, Containiug 2 sets of some reprinted sheets for the firsl 
volume of my History, to replace others In it which have some 
Errors I wished to have ( 'orrected. I heg your Acceptance of one of 
them, & hope you will do me the favor of transmitting the other to 
M 1 Dalton, or whom you think more proper, for his Majesty's 
Copy. I dont know much of the Custom of dedicating Books to 
his Majesty, but 1 wish to know if what has already past is .all the 
notice I am to Expect he will take of me or my hook. If it is 
usually ho I am quite content, but in that Case I think I could have 
found out a more gracious Patron. I should he much obliged to 
you for a few Lines on this head. & in the mean time, thanking 
you much for all your very kind Instances of friendship & regard, 
I remain, With my best Compliments to M rH Astle, in which 
M r Hasted joins, & to yourself & family, Dear Sir, 

Your most obliged & most obedient Servant, 

Canterbury, Edward Hasted. 

Nov' 20 th , 1778. 

M Beauvoir* has just Called in <t dying to be remembered to 
you. 

[Addressed] Thomas Astle, Esq., Battersea Rise, Surry. 



* The ttev, Osmund Beauvoir, Head Master of the King's School, Canter- 
bury, from 17.'/) to 17S2, where lie had a mreal reputation as a teacher. He 
to Vioar of Littlebourne, and of Milton next Sittingbourne. On bis 
retirement from the King's School he was created a I). I), by Archhishop Moore, 
! shortly afterwards elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. See 

Ni'-hoU' Literary Anecdotes, vol. ix., and Literary History, vol. iii. 



156 LETTEKS OP EDWARD HASTED 

No. 22. 
Deab Sir, 

I dulv received your last kind favor and immediately wrote 
to M r Johnson, S ! Paul's church yard, to know What he had done 
concerning the reprinted Sheets I sent to him, directed for you at 
the Paper office, Treasury. Whitehall. To which I received for 
answer, that The parcel for M r Astle was sent agreable to the 
direction some time since. As this is the Case, I must beg the 
favor of you to send some one to Investigate this matter, both at 
the Treasury, & at M r Johnson's, & to find whom it was Carried by, 
and bv whom delivered. There were in the parcel 2 sets of the 
reprinted sheets, Large Paper, put between 2 thick Paper Boards, 
& then Inclosed in a Covering of paper tyed up, & directed as 
above. D r Ducarrel & other Gents had parcels of a like nature, 
Which all Went safe. I would not put you to this Trouble Could 
I replace them for you, but I printed but 6 sets of these sheets 
ox Large Paper answerable to the 6 Copies of the Volume, so 
that I cannot replace them again, and I should be very sorry that 
the 2 Copies they were Intended for should be Imperfect on this 
Account, as they must be if they are not recovered. I thank you 
for your Information relating to my Expectations from the King, 
pecuniary ones I never dreamt of — I only wished to know if there 
might not be usually some notice taken on this Occasion more than 
has been — as I fare the same as others I am quite Content. Tou 
are quite mistaken as. to M IS Hasted's not being surprised at my 
receiving the Honor of being Dubbed, nor should I receive it at any 
rate till I had Consulted my ^ood friend, Apothecary, Mayor of 
Maidstone, now the Worshipfull Sir Thos. Bishop, Knight, which 
I shall lake the first opportunity of Doing, as I Expect Every post- 
In .v that 1 see to find him a Messenger to fetch me up for this 
glorious purpose. I hope you have not Deceived me by flattering 
Tales — if you have. Heu Quanta de spe decidi. Tou are very kind 
in offering me pour kind friendship and assistance in relation to my 
2" volume. I shall not wish for anything further from you in it 
than the Continuance of your kind friendship & your giving mj 
Work thai approbation to the World. Which from your known 
Character among all Lovers of Literature, will do more to stamp a 
sterling value on it. in the esteem of the Public, than that of an\ 
other that 1 know of, & I request this Instance of your friendship 
to it. & hope that you will favor me with any thoughts that may 
Occur to you, or thai you may hear of, relating to any future 



TO THOMAS A8TLE. 157 

Improvement I Can make in the progress of it, in any shape What- 
soever, for I am happy in being always open to Conviction, & in 
being taught by others, for I am but too Conscious how little I 
know in Comparison of what is still further to be known. I shall 
be much obliged to yon to let me have a Hue when you have 
Enquired after the lost parcel. In the mean time M w Hasted Joins 
w ith me in Compts. of the Season, A: the return of many happy years 
to M. n Astle, yourself. & family, With Which 1 remain, Dear Sir, 

Tour obliged faithful servant, 

Canterbury, Edward Hasted. 

Doc r 28 th , 1778. 

[Addressed as before.'] 



No. 23. 
Dear Sin, 

When I was in London the other Day I was in great hopes 
to have had time to have Waited on you, but having only from 10 in 
the morning till G in the Afternoon between my Coming there & 
going from thence, T found it utterly impracticable. I wished to 
have asked the favor of your Assistance. Could you have done it 
With propriety in procuring me, among your Literati friends, an 
Engraving for the 2 d vol. of my History of the Bains of the 
Antient Aechiepiscopal Palace of Chabing, which, if I remember 
right, you A' 1 once took a view of together. They are stately ruins, 
& will furnish matter for an Exceeding rich plate. Godfrey is to 
Come down this summer to take some Drawings of Seats in the 
Neighbourhood of Charing & Could both take the view of it & 
Engrave it, or only the former, as it suited the kind Donor of it. 
You may perhaps think I have not payed that proper attention to 
thai kind friendship I have ever found from yourself in not 
requesting this favor of you, but I have trespassed so much on your 
goodness already that I cannot in Common Decency Inc roach 
further on your kindness to me. Indeed it hurts me much to be 
obliged to trespass so much on the Liberality of my friends, as I am 
Continually forced to do in the progress of my work, but it is 



158 LETTERS OF EDWARD HASTED 

beyond my Ability to Carry it forward Without them, & I hope 
for their pardon in Whatever I have requested of them, & in 
particular from yourself, Especially in the subject of this Letter, 
Which Will be an additional obligation to, Dear sir, 

Your sincere & faithful humble Servant, 
Precincts, Canterbury, Edward Hasted. 

.April 25 th , 1779. 

M rs Hasted Joins in best Compliments to M M Astle it yourself. 
[Addressed as before.] 



No. 24. 
My Deae Sir, 

I have Just received M r King's* Circular letter To 
the Members of the Antiq" Society. His Expressions of the open 
dishonor intended to be Cast on him are very high, & more so to one 
Who am Wholly unacquainted With the proceedings & Intrigues 
of the Conclave. I wish much to be informed of as much about 
the matter as may direct my choice & behaviour on S 1 George's Day 
With propriety as Well in regard to the Society as those friends 
I always Wish to go with there. I hope you will do me the favor 
of letting me know this, sub siqillo Confidential, according to Which 
I shall take my ride on Friday towards London or not. If I do 
I shall hope to assure you there how much I always am 

Tour most faithfull servant, 
Canterbury, Edward Hasted. 

April 17 th , 1785. 

^Addressed] Thos. Astle, Esq., Battersea Eise, Surry. 
'Endorsed] M r Hasted, April 1785. Antiq. Election. 



No. 25. 
Dkar Sir, 

By M' Simmons, Printer of Canterbury, I understand you 
have received from him myZ d volume, L. P. Copy, Which I directed 
him to send to you. My 2 lirst volumes of the same size I presented 
to tlie Kin>/ for the permission you so kindly procured of dedi- 

* Mr. King \\;ts:i candidate !'<>r the Presidentship of the Society, and had 
memorialized the fellows in his favour. He was not elected. 



TO THOMAS ASTLE. 150 

eating my "Work to him, and had not some very unpleasant 
Circumstances happened in my affairs since, I should certainly have 
done the same hy the present 3'' volume. But, tho' 1 would nol 
deprive the Royal Library of it, I cannot, in my presenl situation, 
afford to give it. May I request the favor of your friendship to 
inform the Librarian of this, to make the proper application for me, 
that lie may solid for it to White in Fleet Street ("Where 1 will 
order it to be sent tin- beginning of next Week), & to pay the 
same price for it that has been paid for the 2 others, L. P. Copies, 
which 1 have sold, viz., live Guineas & at half the price fixed by 
Payne, Newsagent, on it, as he Will Inform you. Tour serving me 
in this particular & that at your Earliest Leisure Will oblige Me 
Very Much. I need not I hope repeat to you, that had not my 
present situation made it unavoidable for me to ask this, I should 
by no means have done it, but that being so, there Can need no 
furt lief Excuse, nor I should hope any further entreaty to you to 
accomplish the end I wish for in if, Which Will add to those many 
Ails of friendship you have already shewn to, D 1 ' sir, 

Tour most obedient & obliged Humble servant, 
Calais, Edward Hasted. 

August 17 th , 1791. 

I beg the favor of a Line from you in answer to the above 
directed to me at Dover, Kent, Which Will be sent to me here. 

I have finished great part of my next & last Volume, which 
1 hope to put to print this Winter.* 

[At foot] Thos. Astle, Esq. 



Xo. 2G. 

Dedication to the G lh vol. of the Hist, of Kent, 8vo.f 
Deah Sib, 

1 thank you much for your kind & frieudly note tome, 
equally so, with all I have ever received from you. The Inclosed is as 
difficult a task as any I have ever had. To express the effusions of 
my Gratitude to yon, to do Justice to yourself & at the same time 
not to exceed it by a flattery, which must disgust you, is no easy 
Task. My |„,or Abilities are not equal to it, therefore 1 trust to 

* The Fourth Volume did not appear until 1799. 
t Iii another hand, contemporary by writing. 



160 LETTERS OF EDWARD HASTED 

your goodness; to take the will for the deed & to supply & charge 
What I have been deficient in. A: from your well known experience 
in the elegance of Polite learning make it such that neither of us 
may be ashamed of it. I thank you kindly for the friendly manner 
in which you mention my Debt to you. Believe me, Sir, I have every 
sentiment of your liberal friendship to me from the early time of our 
acquaintance to the present moment, being most truly, 

Your much obliged & faithful humble servant, 

King's College, St. George's fields, Edward Hasted. 

July 31 st , 1708. 

I hope for the favor of your return of the Inclosed at your 
earliest leisure. Pray send me the Colours of your Arms & your 
Crest. 

[Addressed as before.] 



No. 27. 
Deab Sie, 

I have, since I wrote my last to you, been turning in my 
thoughts if I could suggest to you any probability of the situation 
of Ni'nhelmestox, "Which from the very early dissolution of the 
Nunnery of Limmge, & its being upon that event's taking place, 
blended in the year 964 With the other possessions of the Priory 
of Xst church in Canterbury, is become a matter of no small 
difficulty. However, I have, upon recollection, found What perhaps 
may be some clue to it. 

In the Parish of Barham, Which is situated Northward from 
Liminge about 3 miles, the parish of Elham only intervening, there 
is a Manor belonging to sir Henry Oxenden, now Called Outelme- 
Btone, &. Written in old Deed< & Writings Outhelmestone. 

On this there are 2 suppositions. 

One is that this Manor, which bounds up Northward to the 
Roman Watling Street Way on Barham Downs, & in some Measure 
.-(•.•in- analogous to those bounds by which Nunhelmestone is 
described, might be, as there is no such name to be met with 
elsewhere, the very estate itself, & might When the Nunnery was 
annihilated lose its former preaddition of Ifiui & take that of out 
instead of it as lying Without the Manor & Parish of Liminge in 
Which the Nunnery was situated, the like of Which is frequently 
to be observed in the names of Places, & further you will observe 



TO THOM \s ASTLE. 16] 

thai Nunhelmestone is said to be given to the church at Liminge 
& not thai it la\ in Liminge, either Parish or Manor, Dor indeed is 
ii described to lye in any Manor or Parish, bul only by its antienl 
boundaries. 

The other supposition, Which I think by Par less probable, is 
that if outhelmestone is nol the Identical place in question- -Thai 
it had the preaddition of out to it, to distinguish it from the other 
helmestone, Which was situated probably in the Manor and Parish 
of Liminge, & which to distinguish it from the other was firsl called 
Wreg or "Wieg (?) & afterwards Nunhelmestone— bul as qoI the 
leasl trace is to be found in these parts of anj Buch name, or anyone 
nearly like it . or that ran possibly be screwed or manufactured into it. 
excepting outhelmestone, commonly pronounced outelmestone, I '"An 
With submission to your better Judgment I Bhould he a strong 
partizan in favor of the Eormer supposition. Excuse my _ r ood sir 
my troubling you With so many lines on this head, hut your Baying 
you wished much to know of this matter My hopes of being of 
service to you has occupied it. If there is any other doubts 
relating to it in which I can serve you, or in any other thing, It 
will give the greatest pleasure to, Dear sir, 

Tour Much obliged humble servant, 
St. George's Fields, Edward Hasted. 

Dec. 15 th , 1799. 

Addressed] Thos. Astle, Esq., Battersea Rise, Surry. 
Dec. 15, M 1 Hasted. 



No. 28. 
Dear Sib, 

I truly thank you for your last favor in every part of it 
The extracts relating to Folkestone have been of great Bervice to 
me S: cleared up the doubts I had relating to that part of my 
Accounl of it. As to K[ing] "Whitred's Charter relating to Nun- 
helmestone, I fear you never can ascertain the situation ; conjecture 
is all you Can hope for in it. if you do not approve of the Conjec- 
ture of Outelmestone 1 know qoI whore to direct you to it. There 

is a Wilmington in the Parish of Bocton Aiuph, & Lath of Scraj 
ahi. •'{ miles from Ashford on the Sigh [road] thither from Canter- 
bur] & abt. S miles from Liminge. See vol. 8, Hist. Knit, p ii»:: 

There is likewise another Wilmington in Limne Parish, about I or 

VOL. XXVII. M 



162 LETTERS OF EDWAHD HASTED 

5 miles from Liminge in the same Lath. I dont find that the 
church of Canty, to which the Nunnery of Liminge is said to have 

been granted long before the Conquest, ever had any possessions in 
Boetou above mentioned, but in Limne it had much, Which on the 
division of that Churehe's possessions in ABp. Lanfranc's time, was 

allotted to the Archbishops. Tou state the boundaries to be 
Berdeshamestire between CEmiguines Way & Streetley (?). 
This latter Wilmington is situated close to the Roman Street or 
Way Leading from Canterbury to the Portus Lemanis or Limne, 
now remaining, & Called Stone street Way, besides which here is 
a noted Manor Called Street & another called Berewic, Which 
latter formerly belonged to Xst church & was held of the ABp. by 
Knights Service ; both these manors, as well as the Street or road, 
seem to have some reference to your boundaries, see vol. 3, Hist. 
Kent," p. 430, 437, 438, 448. I fear all this will be but little 
Berviee to you. but it is the best & all I have to send you. There 
is but one hope further. <£ that is from the early Rolls of Liminge 
Manor, the present Lord of it can have none higher than Hen. the 
gth'a reign, AVhen it was severed from the ABp. [Archbishop], 

6 I should think those before that time must be either at Lambeth 
or in the Augmentation office, or perhaps both. If you think it of 
any use I will apply to the owner of Liminge Manor, the Rev. 
M r Price, whom I have Corresponded With on Historical Informa- 
tion more than once. Surely the Book in the Cotton Library. 
Augustus 11, 83, 92, 93, in which the Catalogue says on all the 
Charters relating to the Lands of this Nunnery, can give much 
information relating to the situation of this place. You will I hope 
excuse my not sending the 4 th volume thro' the hands you desired, 
but there were reasons that made it impossible, & I hope it was of 
no material consequence to you. 

Accept my best thanks, sir, for the liberal manner in Which you 
have cancelled my note ; sorry I am that I should have occasion to 
trespass on your kind friendship so much. 

Wishing you & yours the return of many happy succeeding years, 
I remain With much respect, sir, 

Yours truly obliged & most faithfull Sert., 
Kind's College. St. George's fields, Edwaed Hastes. 

Jan> 7 ,h , 1800. 

[Addressed as before.~\ 



TO 1ROVLAB am LB. L68 

\ 29 

De \ it Sir, 

1 esteem myself greatly obliged to you Fop the Continuance 
of Your Remembrance of me, & the Gift of the Catalogue you 

.--(.•lit me of M' Harbin'e 'W^ > - You wish me to give you some 
Account of the Deeds Mentioned in it and Where they now an — I 
am truly unable to do either. As far as page 24 fchej seem in 
general to relate to the Families of Ferrers & Devereux, ^ to 
jessions in the Counties of Hereford, Worcester, Essex, and 
afterwards t>> Miscellaneous Matters of things & Persons in Co, 
Kent. Where they are 1 know not. [ see My friend D* Beauvoir'a 
Arms are on the inside of the Cover. Was he ; 
MSS. .- 1 should hardly suppose that be Was, tho' he had a large a. 
a very good Collection, Which 1 apprehend on his Death Went to 
his l> dans. & Coheirs & their Husbands, Who I dare sag parted 
With them,* hut being myself in France at the time of his Death 
in 17>>!i, & baying no intercourse With the famih since, 1 can say 
nothing with certainty of it. If they were not .sold, his Eldest son 
in Law. Wm. Hammond of St. Albans near Canterbury, must have 
them, or at least Can tell where they Went, for he is one Who has 
no regard to these sort of things. 1 observe in Article 21 at top of 
page 37 is a Letter of Lady Russell's & this addition by way of 
note — M r Griffith gave it to Surgeon Geekie, Whose da 1 M ri Head 
gave it to me. This M Tt Head Wa» Miss June Oeekie, Bister to the 
Kev' 1 D r Geekie, Prebendary of Canterbury & resident there, the 
children of M 1 Geekie, Surgeon; she m d the Kev' John Head, 
ulciicon § Prebendary of Canterbury, Who succeeded his 
Brother 8ir Frond* in the Title 0/ Baronet and lived and dyed in 
his Prebendal House there. Lady Head survived him several years 
& dyed in Canterbury. Sir John Head above mentioned was a 
relation of D 1 Beauvoir's first wife, Miss Boys, A they always kept 
up an acquaintance of Intimacy, being near neighbours in the 

Precincts of the Cathedral. Who it means When it Bays M Head 

to me I know not, for I never heard the name of Harbin 
before, nor do I think Buch a person was ever at Canterbury during 
my long residence there. Could the Word me mean 1> Beau voir r 
H\ her being Called .1/' Head this Gift must have been between 
the years 17">1 & L768, the former being that of her Marriage & the 
latter of her taking the Title *>\' Lady Head, on - s .r Francis' death. 

* pr Iiuv'.ir- library was bought in 1 Mr. FUckliu of Canterbury. 

M 2 



164 LETTERS OF EDWARD HASTED 

I have one observation more. At the Top of page 24 is this Title 
to the Articles which follow in the Catalogue : Deeds Sf other 
Instruments added to the foregoing Collection. These Deeds & 
Instruments in General relate to the Co. of Kent, & Man)' of them 
to Canterbury & the Gentry of the Country near it, among whom 
are the Names of Barrett & Boys, both the ancestors & Relations 
of D r Beauvoir's first wife. "Whatever related to whom he was 
very tenacious of, & collected all he could. Might I hazard a 
conjecture, I should, that the Doctor, if Harbin's Collection came 
into his hands, added the latter part of his own to it. Surely Leigh 
& Sothyby could remember something of the sale of it. Excuse the 
Length of this Desultory Letter, but my Wish to give you any 
hints to serve you in it will plead in my favor. I wish you happy 
returns to you & yours of the approaching Season, & requesting the 
Continuance of your friendship, I remain With much Truth, 

Dear Sir, 

Tour obliged 
St. George's fields, & faithfull humble servant, 

Dec r 3 d , 1800. Edwabd Hasted. 

[In another hand.] 
Died Jan. 1812 at Corsham, in the 80 th year of his age, Edward 
Hasted, Esqr., F.R.S. & E.S.A.— Herald, Jan. 31, 1812. 



No. 30. 

The Several MSS. before mentioned were sent to M r Astle in 
the following Parcels, the figures before them referring to those on 
the other side this Paper. 

3 . . . Saxonuin Codicelli. 

3 . . . Some Loose folio sheets of Antient Charters With Draw- 
ings of the Seals. 

1. A Bound Volume of Chart® Antiquje. 

1. A Bound volume of Registers of Religious Houses. 

2. Auxilium Tempore Edwardi Tertii. 

3. A Register of St. Radigund'e Monastery. 

12. Aii octavo Bound of Manors and their owners in Kent. 

B. The Charter of Romney Marsh on Vellum. 
11. A. folio Common Place Book for Kent. 



TO THOMAS ASTLE. 165 

4. The Charter of the 5 porta. 

l. A Ms. entitled Castrum Dovor in shorts folio. 

I. Ditto Entitled Quinqz Portua. 

i'- A Mem ,m Book in folio of Sir Edw d and Sir AnthJ Deri 

!». Emperfecl Copy of Domesday. 

In Escheats in small Eolio. 



IN Small lie relating to the Foundations of Religious Bous< 
3. A Register of s ! Laurence's. 

7. A Register of Xst church in Cantry. 

8. 2 Registers of s r Augustine's in Canty. 

">. •") Loose sheets of Ksrhoat.-. 

■">. I Ditto of Inquisitions. 

"). 2 Ditto o\' Pines and Clause Rolls. 

0. Extract from a folio of M' Thynnes. 

A Copy of the Memd™ Left with sir Kdw' Dering. 

1. . . 2 Bound Folios Containing Extracts of Charters relating 

to Religious Houses in Kent. 
•_'. A Parcel of Loose papers in folio Containing Aids Cranted 
in Several Reigns of Lands in Kent. 

:; Ditto Containing Transcripts ^i charters relating to St. \ is- 

tin's. St. Radigund's, and st. Laurence's Religious Ho 

in Kent. 
i. Ditto relating t<> the 5 Ports. 
5 Escheats in the County of Kent in several Reigns. 
t;. Part of a Folio unbound Containing Collections of the Family 

of Dering. 
7. A small folio relating to Christ Church in Canterbury. 
8 i"' Loose Parchment Leaves relating to Romney Marsh, 
ii. . [mperfect Copy ^>)i Domesday, etc., in small folio. 

10. . . Ditto Containing Escheats in Various Reigns. 

11. A Small port folio Containing Collections for Kent. 

12. An Octavo Hound Containing Knights Pees in Kent. 

\'\. A small thin Quarto relating to the foundations oi Religious 
Houses. 



No. 81. 

Dear Sir. 

1 sit down With no Binall reluctance to Write this Letter 
i. T feel my presumption in it. and yet 1 trust to your 
feelings. & the friendship that has for so many years Bui 



166 LETTERS OF EDWARD HASTED. 

between us. I have been near 7 years "Within these "Walls, during 
the latter part of which I have strugled against adversity, & by the 
help of many noble & generous friends who knew me in the days of 
Prosperity, among Whom yourself stands foremost, & by the 
Labours of my Pen I have till now borne myself up from sinking 
under it. My property has been torn from me & kept possession 
of by the villany of an Attorny, & the Profit I hoped for from 
my History is locked up & useless to me ; from the Ballance due 
to the Printer, & the Copies, upwards of 260 remain, an unsaleable 
pledge for it With him. These AVere all my hopes, & they are 
frustrated, & I am now Come to a. state of distress & woe, & I feel 
it still more severe from the want of those necessaries Which my 
A.ge, & What I have formerly known, require for my Comfort. 
You have at all times, sir, shewn your friendship most liberally to 
me, I feel the Weight & gratitude of it, it has never been from my 
mind, & my firm hope Was never to have trespassed on you again ; 
but tho' I strugled against it & delayed it for this Week past, yet I 
am at last, at last Compelled by Urgent Necessity, hard fate — that 
is so — to request you once more to assist me in the hour of my 
distress. Tou have known me, sir, When my Heart has been open 
to all my friends, & my Hospitality equal to my Heart, a bitter & 
yet not an unpleasing remembrance, & 1 am far from repenting of it — 
thai has long been passed by, never to return. With much diffidence 
I request the Kindness of your Assistance in my present Unexpected 
Crisis of Affliction, for it has come on me Suddenly <£ Unexpectedly, 
When I had no Idea of the so hasty approach of it. I am no 
spendthrift here, sir, I live Secluded from every one, almost a 
Hermit, on hard scanty fare. & only know the plenty & Luxuries of 
life by distant remembrance. I think from all your past Kindness 
to me, that you will not refuse my request in the hour of my 
distress, & be assured it Will be ever remembered by me With a 
heartfelt Gratitude by, Hear Sir. 

Your most obliged & faithfull humble Servant, 
King's Bench. Edward Hasted. 

South wark. 

July 12 11 ', 1801. 

[Addressed as before.'] 



( 1«7 ) 



CALENDAB OF ANCIENT DEEDS PRESENTED 
BY CHARLES MARCHANT, ESQ. 



The fifty-four ancient deeds, of which we nowprinl a Calen- 
dar, were presented to our Society by Mr. Charles Marchanl 
of 11 Duke Street, St. James, in the month of July 1904. 
Almost all relate to the parish of Boughton Monchelsea, and 
their contents are now made easily accessible to anyone 
interested in the genealogical and topographical information 
which they contain. 

A few yi »ars ago Mr. Charles Pierce Merriam compiled a 
History of the Kentish Family of Merriam, a copy of which 
he was so good as to preseni to onr Library at Maidstone. 
The name Merriam is of frequent i ccurrence in these deeds, 
and it' the compiler of the said hook could have consulted 

them, we think he would have I n able to Bomewhat 

amplify his pedigrees. 

The originals are deposited in our Library, and we ven- 
ture to express the hope thai Mr. Marchant's generosity 
may find imitators. 

L354 [36].*— Maydestan, Sunday next after the Feast of St. Peter 
the Apostle, 28 Edward 111. Grant by John Mot of BoxletoR 
Guggild of Maydestan of 3 d annual rent, paid by Anastasia Clerk 

Coffelde for a cottage in " KagTi." Boundaries, land of the 
»f I'll. Unas Mylea Bouth, land of Robert Vyneter north, 
land of Simon Jakyn east, and Sling's highway called Stone strete, 
leading from Maydestan towards Sutton, west. Witnesses: Robert 
Vynter, William Byr, Thomas Eyr, jun., Kobert Cheseman, Samson 
Mascal, Thomas Estar, G-eoff ry Couyntre, Peter William. Seal. 

l:;7l [17].- Maidstone, I August ts Edward III. Grant by 
John Spicer of Maydenstane to William Toffel ol the same place, 

* The number in brackets refers to that placed by Mr. Marohanl i"> the 

i the deed. 



168 CALENDAR OF ANCIENT DEEDS 

carpenter, of a croft called la Teghe. Witnesses : Geoffrey Car- 
pentre, Henry Poleyn, Nicholas Lyndraper, "William Lyndraper, 
Gilbert (?), Thomas Hattere, Peter Toffel. Seal. 

1390 [15]. — Bocton, Sunday next after the Feast of the Trans- 
lation of St. Thomas the Martyr, 11 Eichard II. Grant by William 
Hunte of Bocton Monchensy to John of the same a piece of land 
called Alleynes in the parish of Bocton. Boundaries, land of John 
Colpepir north, land of John Hunte east and south, and land of 
Michael Aldebury west. AVitnesses : Robert Crompe, John 
AVoldeham, Simon Hunte, Richard Hunte, Thomas Olyve. Seal. 

1396 [20].— 21 May 19 Richard II. Grant by John Purs of 
Bocton Monchensey to Richard Stodham of the same of a piece of 
land in Bocton called Hatthlands. Bounded on the east and north 
side by the lauds of the Prior and Convent of Ledys, land of the 
Lord of Bocton south, King's highway west. Witnesses : William 
Cheseman, John Clerk, jun., Roger Hunte, Robert Crumpe, Robert 
Meriham, John Tylthe, Robert Roalf. Seal. 

1405 [28]. — Bocton, Sunday next after Feast of St. Thomas the 
Apostle, 7 Henry IV. Grant by Nicholas Lyndregge of Goud- 
herst to John Clerk of Bocton of a piece of land called Sketefeld in 
Bocton. Boundaries, land of Robert Brouuyngby east, King's 
highway south, a lane called Yongonelane west, laud of Robert 
Nortone, Robert Meriham, and Robert Hunte south. Witnesses : 
Robert Xortone, John Purs, Robert Meriham, John Tylthe, Robert 
Roolf, Thomas Hunte, John Frankeleyn. Seal. 

1106 [51].— Bucton, Feast of St. Agatha, 8 Henry IV. Grant 
by Richard Stodham of Maydistaue to Henry Meryham of Bucton 
of two pieces of land called Haclondis in the parish of Bucton. 
Boundaries, land of the Prior of Ledes east and north, land of the 
Lord of Bucton south, King's highway west. Witnesses : John 
Clerk, John Tilthe, Robert Rolf, Nicholas Clerk, John Hunte, 
Roger Hunte, sen.. John Woldeham. Seal. 

1106 [35].— Eastfarlegh, 8 May 7 Henry IV. Graut by John 
Attewelle of Lose to Thomas Hunte of Eastfarlegh of land in the 
parish of Eastfarlegh. Boundaries, land of the said Thomas north 
and east, land of the heirs of Eichard de Pattemelle south and 
west. Witnesses : Thomas .Maylam, John his sou, Walter Harding, 
Laurence Gerold, Thomas Parker. Seal. 

1106 [10]. — Sunday next after the feast of St. Luke the Evangelist, 
8 Henry IV. Demise by Eoger Bakere and John Spicer of 
Mayde>tan to Gilbert Toffelde of the same of a piece of land in 



PRESENTED BY CHARLES M A KCJIA NT. ESQ. 169 

Tofelde railed " h Tighe" held of William Toffelde. Boundaries, 

King's bighwaj east, land of Henry Poleyn south, west, and north. 
Witnesses: Henry Poleyn, John Ins Bon, John Lyn draper, John 
Comptone, John Prynse, Richard Turnar, Robert Lettere. Seal. 

1 Ho [23]. — Sunday next after the feast of St. Gregory, 
;> Henry V. Emma, widow of Robert Norbetone, dubletmaker, 
[('■rased, of Maydestan, quitclaims to Richard Propecham, jun., 
grocer of Maydestan, all her right, etc., in certain lands in the parish 
of Maydestan. Seal. 

1125 [45]. — Bocton, Easter 3 Henry VI. Grant by Roger 
llunte of Bocton Munchensy to John Boob of Berestede of three 
pieces of land called severally Meryhell, Alaynyt, and Brochfeld, in 
the paiish of Bocton. Boundaries, King's highway east, land of the 
of Sun, ,n llunte and John Woldeham south, a lane leading to 
the land of the heirs of Simon llunte west, land of Peter Colpepyr 
and land of the heirs of Simon llunte north. Alsoavirgate of wood 
Lying in a wood called Lewode. Boundaries, wood of John 
Woldeham, senior, east and north, the aforesaid lane west, wood of 
Henry Hunte south. Also3virgatesof woodin Lewode. Boundaries, 
the aforesaid lane east, wood of Henry Men ham north, and wood 
of John llunte south, and garden of Walter Kyng west. Seal. 

1131 [6].— 20 May 9 Henry VI. Henry Mcryliam, John 
Hunte of Bocton Moncheusy, Robert Fryke of Langle, William 
Mayster of Lose, William Hunt of Otteham, and Walter Kyng of 
Bocton quitclaim to John Hooke of Berghstede (Berstead) all 
their rights, etc., in certain lands railed Meryhall, Aleynys, and 
Brodefelde in Bocton. Boundaries, King's highway east, land of 
the heirs of Simon Hunte and John Woldeham south, a lane 
leading to the land of the heirs of Simon Hunt.' west, and the land 
of Peter Colpeper north. SLi Beals. 

1441 [32]. — Bocton, eve of the least of SS. Simon and Jude, 
20 Henry VI. Grant by John Hooke of Maydestan to Laurence 
Attemelle of Beterysden (Bethersden) of a piece of land in B 
railed Ahtynys. Boundaries, King's highway oast, land of John 
Page and William Ely south, land of the said William west, and 
land of the heirs of Peter Coulpeper north. Witnesses ; John 
Merybam, Waiter BLyng, William Meryham, John Hunte, John 
Salman. Seal. 

11 15 [33].— Bocton. L2 January 2;i Henry VI. Grant by \ 
[sonde, daughter and heiress t<\' Richard [sonde of Chart next 
Bocton, to Henry Hunte and Robert Men home of Bocton, of the 



170 CALENDAR OF ANCIENT DEEDS 

fourth part of a croft of land called Isondestrest in Bocton. 
Boundaries, a lane called Yougynnellane east, lands of Margery 
Peris, formerly the wife of Bobert Bolf, north and west, lands of 
Henry Hunt south. Witnesses : Stephen Norton. Esq., Bobert 
Norton and "William Norton his sons, Guy Attwode, John Bour- 
man. 

1446 [34]. — Bocton, 5 November 25 Henry VI. Demise by 
Bobert Lenefoth of Lecles and John Herman of Bocton Monchensy 
to Henry Hunt and Bobert Meryham of Bocton of lands in Bocton. 
Boundaries, lands of John Herman called Loayelondys and Wkit- 
mellere west and south, a Haw called Rodeshaw east, land called 
RocJceJfeld north. Witnesses: John Clerk, John Tylthe, Walter 
Cynge, John Meryham, Henry Sole. Two seals. 

1458 [2].— 14 October 37 Henry VI. Boger AVebbeof the parish 
of St. Bartholemew the Less in London, barber, quitclaims to Guye 
Hunte of Bocton all his right, title, etc., in a parcel of land called 
Teboldesliall in the parish of Bocton. Boundaries, a lane called 
Yougenlane east, land of Henry Hunte south, west, and north. 
Seal. 

14(52 [38].— Bocton, 16 October 2 Edward IV. Demise by Wil- 
liam and Henry Meryham of Bocton Munchessy to Laurence Marler 
and John Holstrete of Smerden of land called Brodefeldys and East- 
hawe in the parish of Bocton. Boundaries, lands of Master Thomas 
Kent east, lands of John Salmon south, land lately belonging to 
John Laurance west, land of John Clerk and land of Henry 
Meryham north, held of Dionisia Woldeham, deceased. Witnesses: 
Henry Atte Zole, John Salmon, Isake Meryham. Thomas Purse, 
and Stephen Meryham. Two seals. 

1463 [8].— Bocton Muncheusy, 3 May 4 Edward IV. Demise 
by William Hylgerden of Betrisden (Bethersden) to Bobert 
Melhale of Bocton Munchensy of a piece of land called Alayncs in 
Bocton, held of Laurence At Mille of Bethersden. Witnesses: 
John Page, Walter Kyng, Henry At Soole, Bichard Litylhare, 
William Soole. Seal. 

1 K57 [12]. — Bocton, 2 November 7 Edward IV. Demise by 
Henry Sole of Bocton and John Salman of the same to Joan, widow 
of John Meryham, sou., of Bocton, John Hunte of Huntyngton'in 
the county of Kent, John At Heist of Merden of certain lands in 
Bocton and Maydeston and Langlee held of John Meryham. 
Witnesses: William Norton, John Clerk, Joan Whytlok, John 
mbe, William Sole. Two seals. 



PRESENTED BY CHARLES BfABOHANT, ESQ. 171 

1467 [10].— 2 November 7 Edward IV. Demise by John 
Clerk of Morton and John Page of the same to .loan, widow of John 
M eryham, sen., of Bocton, John Hunt of Buntyngdon (Hunton) in 
thecountyof Kent, and John At Hersl of Merden, of two piea 
land in Bocton called Kalthelands. Boundaries, land of the Prior 
and Convent of \.v<\v* north and east, land of the Lord of Bocton 
south, and King's highway west. Witnesses: William Norton, John 
Salman. Henry Sole, John Cowmbe, William Sole. 'Two Beals. 

L467 [4]. — 4 November 7 Edward l\'. Granl by Joan, widow 
of John Meryham, sen., of Boctou Monchensy, deceased, John 
Hunt of Euntyngton in the county of Kent, and John Eeral of 
Merden to Stephen .Men ham of Bocton, Stephen Norton and John 
Cowmbe of the same, and Henry Caym of Newenjton of land, 
etc., in Bocton, Langle, and Maydestan, held of the gift, etc., of 

Henry Sole of Bocton and John Page of the same. WltneSBi 
William Norton, John Clerk, John Page, John Salman, and Henry 
Sole. 

litis [3].— Bocton, 23 September 8 Edward IV. Grant by 
Stephen Meryham of Bocton Monchensy to John Cowmbe of the 
same and Stephen and William Prebbill of East ffarlegh of a house 
and two pieces of land in the parish of Bocton. Boundaries, land 
of John Salman and land of Guy Hunte east, common waste south, 
land of John Cowmbe and John Salman west, and King's highway 
north. Witnesses: William Norton, Joan Clerk. Walter Kyng, 
Richard Cowmhe, John Page. 

L472 [24].— Bocton, 18 December 12 Edward IV. Granl by 
Henry Milhale of Bocton Monchensy to Walter Kyng of the same 
of an acre of land in Bocton called Alaynes. Boundaries, land of 
the said Henry east, lands of John Combe and Henry Meryham 
south, land of John Salman and the aforesaid Walter Kvnu' W( 
and land of William Hampton, knight, north. Witnesses: John 
Clerk, Stephen Meryham. Stephen Bowreman, Thomas Burdon, 
John Combe. Seal. 

Id73 [11].— 3 November 13 Edward IV. Stephen Norton of 
Merden, John Combe of Bocton Moncheee, and Henry Caym of 
Neckenton(? Nackington) quitclaim to Stephen Meryham of Bocton 

all their right, etc., in lands in the parishes of BoctOU, Maydeston, and 

Langle, held of Joan, widow of John Meryham, John Hunte of 
Hontyngton, and John Ether.-t of Merden. Three seals. 

1 170 [64].— Bocton, 2 June 19 Edward IV. Granl by Henry 
Milhale of Bocton Monchensy to Walter Kyng of the same of 8 



172 CALENDAR OF ANCIENT DEEDS 

acres of land, etc., in the parish of Bocton called Alaynes. Bound- 
aries, King's highway east, land of John Cowmbe and Henry 
Mcryham south, land of said Walter west, and land of "William 
Hampton, knight, north. Witnesses : Eichard Clerk, Stephen 
Meryham, John Page, John Cowmbe, Stephen Bowreman. 

1-480 [39].— 26 June 20 Edward IV. Joan Milhale, widow, 
formerly the wife Eobert Milhale of Bocton Monchensy, quitclaim 
to Walter Kyng of Bocton all her right, etc., in a piece of land 
called Alaynes, in the parish of Bocton. Boundaries, King's 
highway east, land of John Cowmbe and Henry Meryham south, 
land of the said Walter and land lately the property of John 
Salman west, and land of William Hampton, knight, north. Seal. 

1482 [30].— Bocton, 20 May 22 Edward IV. Henry Milhale 
of Bocton Monchensey quitclaims to Walter Kyng of the same all 
his right, etc., in a piece of land in Bocton called Alaynes. 
Boundaries, King's highway east, land of John Cowmbe and 
Henry Meryham south, laud of the said Walter west, and land of 
William Hampton, knight, north. Seal. 

1183 [1].— Bocton, 23 February 15 Edward IV. Demise by 
Walter Kyng of Bocton Monchensy to Joan Milhale, formerly the 
wife of Robert Milhale, and Henry Milhale of land in Bocton called 
Alaynes. Two seals. 

1185 [31].— Maydestan, 3 June 2 Richard III. Grant by 
Joan Siuythe of Maydestan, widow, to Nicholas Thompson of Tofeld 
(Tovill) and William Rede of the same, of a piece of land in Tofeld 
called " le Teghe." Boundaries, King's highway east, land of the 
heirs of William Potayn south, west, and north. Witnesses: John 
Brodd. Henry Ledale, John Hillary. Seal. 

1-4S6 [29].— IS May 1 Henry VII. Indenture witnessing the 
sale by Richard Clerke of Bocton Monchensey, yeoman, to William 
Crompe. the younger, of Otham, mason, of two " days ivorkys" of 
quarry in the quarry called Bocton quarry. Witnesses : Thomas 
Bettenham, Laurence Kyng, G-ye Huntte. Seal. 

1 1M) [27].— Bocton, 17 May 1 Henry VII. Counterpart of 
No. Is. 

1 186 [IS].— Bocton, Is .May 1 Henry VII. Richard Clerk of 
Bocton Monchensy, yeoinan, sells to Thomas Bettenham of Otteham, 
mason, two day works of quarry in the quarry called Bocton quarry. 
Seal. 

1 I*-*!) [25]. — 8 July -4 Henry VII. Stephen Norton the parish 
Merdeu quitclaims to John Combe of Bocton Monchensy, Stephen 



PRESENTED BY CHARLES MARCHANT, ESQ. 173 

Prebill of Eastpeckam, and William Prebyll of Eastfarlegh all hia 
right, etc., in a house and two pieces of land in Bocton. Boundaries, 

land of Isolde Salam, Joliu Combe east, a waste called Cokkyshoth 
(Coxheath) south, laud of Isode Salam and Laurence Kyng west, 
and King's highway north, held of Stephen Meryham, deceased. 

149G [20].— S May 11 Henry VII. Grant by Ralph Clerke of 
Boughton Monehensey to Laurence Kyng of the same, of a piece 
o\' quarry land in Boughton quarry containing 5"daywerks" and a 
half in a place called " Wenchaw." Boundaries, land id' the said 
Richard and the quarry of Thomas Hetnam east, land of Richard 
Clerke south, the quarry of William Crompe west, and the garden 
of the heirs of Henry Meryham north. Witnesses: Thomas Betyn- 
ham, William Crompe, Alexander Meryham, Stephen Meryham. 

L504 [5].— 5 February 19 Henry VII. John Clerke and 
Bobert Clerke, sons and coheirs of Richard Clerke, lately deceased, 
of the parish of Boughton Monchensy, quitclaim to Henry Hunt 
>d' the same all their right in a house, garden, and daywark (day work) 
of land in the parishes of Boughton and Langley. Boundaries, 
King's highway east, land of the heirs of de Hampton and Henry 
K yng south, land of Stephen Meryham west and north. Two seals. 

1501 [22]. — 10 October 20 Henry YII. Joan Froman, widow 
of John Froman of Boughton Monchensy, quitclaims to Stephen 
Colyn and Joan Colyn his wife, of the town of Maideston, all her 
right, etc., in lands called Petlands in Boughton. Boundaries, land 
of Lady Aystres east, King's highway north, land of Stephen 
Meryam west, land of Henry Lytylhare south. Seal. 

1507 [52].— 6 February 22 Henry VII. Bond condition of 
John Lytylhare of Bocton, masou, in £5 to Nicholas Lytylhare of 
the same, mason, to purchase a piece of land in Bocton called 
Petlaiidys. Seal. 

1--21 [16].— 15 October 1G Henry VIII. John Hernden of 
Boughton Monchesie, mason, and Stephen and Henry Meryham of 
the same, quitclaim to Guy Hunt all their right, etc., in land in the 
parishes of Boughton and Langley. Two seals. 

1526 [21].— 2 January 17 Henry VIII. William Hunte and 
Robert Hunte, sons and heirs of Guye Hunte late of Boughton 
Monchesye, quitclaim to Henry Hunte their brother all their right, 
etc., in land situated in the parish of Boughton called Jeletts Croft, 
Morecroft, and Huntone Croft, and other lands in the parishes of 
Stapelherst and Growthurst. Witnesses : Bartholemew Meryham, 
Thomas Younge. Seal. 



171 CALENDAR OF ANCIENT DEEDS 

1529 [7].— AVestininster, 15 days after the feast of St. Michael, 
21 Henry VIII. Final concord made before Eobert Brudenell, 
Anthony Fitzherbert, Thomas Englefeld, and William Shelley, 
between Henry Huntc. Eobert Hunte, and Edward Norton, 
gentlemen, plaintiffs, and Thomas Kyng, defendant, concerning 
land, etc.. at Boughton Monchensy. The said Thomas recognizes the 
right of the said Eobert and Edward and receives 40 marks for the 
admission. 

1532 [48].— 29 October 21 Henry VIII. Eobert Bettenham 
of Boxley, Smith, sells to Thomas Tong of Boughton Monchensy for 
thirty five shillings the rest of two daywerks of quarry of stone in 
Boughton. 

1532 [49]. — Bond of the same to the same. 

1532 [41].— G November 24 Henry Till. John Joce of 
Boughton Monchelsey sells to Nicholas Eyche and Thomas Hunt 
all his house, gardens, lands, including the quarry lands in the 
parishes of Boughton, Maydestan, and Huntingdon (Hunton). Seal. 

1533 [37].— 20 September 25 Henry VIII. Eobert Mauncell 
of Horton Kirkby, yeoman, sells to John Joce of Boughton Mon- 
ehesey, mason, for 20 marks, all his lands in Boughton, which were 
sometime the property of Stephen and John Meryham of the same, 
masons, which the said Eobert purchased of Edward Lynpitt or 
Joan his wife, sometime the wife of Stephen Meryham. Seal. 

1534 [42].— 27 January 25 Henry VIII. Grant by way oi' 
sale by Thomas Hunt of Bowghton Monchelsey to Thomas Frankely n 
of Chart of certain lands in the parishes of Bowghton and Mayde- 
stau and Huntyugton, lately purchased of John Joyce. 

1534 [43]. — 15 February 25 Henry VIII. Thomas Frankelyn 
of Chart next Sutton quitclaims to Nicholas Eych and Thomas 
Hunt all his right in certain lands, etc., in the parishes of Boughton 
Monchelsey, Mavdestan, and lluutyngton. 

L534 [44]. — 10 February 25 Henry VIII. Demise by Thomas 
Frankeleyn of Chart next Bocton to Nicholas Eych and Thomas 
Hunt of all his lands in the parishes of Bocton, Maydestan, and 
Huntynton, which he holds of the said Nicholas and Thomas. 

L534 [9]. — 1 February 25 Henry VIII. John Joyce of 
Boughton Monchelsey quitclaims to Thomas Frankelyn all his right, 
etc., in his houses, gardens, and lands in the parishes of Boughton, 
Maydestan, and Huntyndon (Hunton) in the county of Kent, 
which formerly belonged to Stephen Men ham. Witnesses: Marten 
Wistell (?), William Meryham, Richard Vong, John Hunt. Seal. 



PRESENTED 15V CHARLES MAKCHANT, ESQ. 175 

1535 [13].— 20 February 13 Henry VIII. Quitclaim bj 
Edmund Lentall of Bocton Monchelsey, husbandman, to Thomas 
Somer of Shoreham, yeoman, Edward Reve of the same, yeoman, 
Peter Levenode < > f ECorton, yeoman, of his rights in land in the 
parishes of ECorton, Merdeo, Hunton, and Maydestan. Seal. 

L586 53 .-- 25 September 28 Eenry VIII. The award of 
Thomas Burbage, Richard Xoung, Henry Cheseman, and William 
Emyett, between William Crompe of Otham, mason, and Alice 
Hunt v{' Bought on Monchelsea, widow, touching their respective 
rights in certain quarries in the parish of Boughton. Four seals. 

L548 [50]. — 1 September 2 Edward VI. Grant by way of sale 
of Nicholas Ryche of (.'hart next Sutton, yeoman, to Guy Hunt of 
Boughten Monchesey, of a piece of land in Boughton. Witnesses: 
Thomas Frankeley, Richard Ganyatt, Thomas Tong, Thomas 
Sandell. 

L548 ! 17]. — s September 2 Edward VI. Nicholas Rych of 
Chart next Sutton, yeoman, for three pounds sterling quitclaims to 
Guy Uunte of Boughton Mouchelsey all his right, etc., in his lands 
in Boughton. 

L573 [14]. — Will (office copy) of Alice Hunte of Boughton 
Monchellsea, \\ idow. " To five poor folks five groats, that is, Mother 
Marten. Mother Kempe, Mother Jenken, Kinge and Droules, 
widows; to Alice Hunte my mayd x s ; to every of my sou Guye 
II antes children xii J ; to Guye and Soloman Younge xii 1 ' ; to 
Thomas Skones children xii' 1 , Edward excepted, which Thomas 
Stone oweth me xxx s , whereof I give to Alice Hunte x\ to 
Edward his son x 8 , and the other x s I give to the said Thomas Skone; 
to Bartholemew Xounge's children xii d , and to himself xii d ; to 
Guye Uunte my Bone xx s , in party of payment for the farme of 
his lauds; to (J live Hunte my son my maser hound with silver, my 
great brasse pott, my great caudren, the hedd in the parlour with a 
bolster, the great chest in the loft, the table, forme and cubboard 
in the hall, and all the bedsteddels in the house where I now dwell ; 
to Nicholas Hunte x s and ii of my silver spones ; to Joane my 
daughter ii silver spones; to Agnes my daughter ii silver spones. the 
bed that I lye on, the blanket! with hym, the best diaper tabell 

• h, the second brasse pott ; to my daughter Jane my great two 
eared panne; to Alyce Hunte my third brasse pott, the second 
caudren, a kettle, the round whyte panne, a skellett, two platters, 
two pewter dishes, two sawsers, a chafing dishe, a bell candelstick ; 
to Susan Hunte a payer of sheets, a pillow, a platter, a pewter 



176 CALENDAR OF ANCIENT DEEDS. 

dishe, a sawser, and a panne; to Grace Skone a sheete, to Joane a 
pewter dyshe, to Mane a candlestick, to Alice a sawser, to Joan 
Fisher a sheete, to Anne the little brasse potte, to Alice xii d and a 
candlestick, to Alice Tounge xii d . Witnesses : Nicholas Hunte, 
Alice Hunte, Guye Hunte. Proved 14 Dec. 1573. 

1585 [40].— 26 June 27 Elizabeth. Bond of John Collard of 
Canterbury, brewer, to Kichard Joye of Maydestan, yeoman, in 
£140 to fulfil certain covenants. Witnesses : George Haselatn, 
Stephen Astyn, Kalph Astyn. Nicholas Lede (?). Signed. Seal. 

1GI1 [-40]. — 17 August 17 Charles I. Indenture between 
Thomas Sharpe of the county of Kent, mercer, of the one part, 
and James Besbech of" Goudhurst, clothier, on tbe other part. 
Thomas Sharpe conveys to James Besbech (whose daughter he had 
married) ten acres of land in the parish of Sandhurst, in the 
occupation of John Sheather alias Stace, in trust for the joint use 
of the said Thomas and Elizabeth during their lives and to the 
longest liver of them. Seal. 



( 177 ) 



THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 



r.Y GEORGE PAYNE, F.L.S., P.S. v. 

Soon after taking up m\ residence in Rochester I became 
acquainted with the absolute need of prompt action being taken to 
the progress of the decay of its magnificent Norman Castle. 
I communicated my views to Mr. Franklin Homan, who wenl over 
the keep with me and realized at once that my opinion of its con- 
dition was founded upon facts. At his suggestion I wrote a letter 
to the Corporation upon the subject, which resulted in my being 
asked to draw up a report as to what I considered it was necessary 
to do in order to preserve the fabric from further decay. This 
having been done, a committee was appointed to consider the 
report. Subsequently it was estimated that what was therein set 
forth would cost about a thousand pounds, and the Corporation 
thereupon arranged that this sum should be spent at the rate of 
about one hundred pounds per annum, and I was asked to super- 
intend the operation.-. 

1 had originally intended to record the story of the repairs to 
the Castle after the entire work had been accomplished, but as 
that will not be the case for at least four years hence, I deemed 
it wiser to issue this Part, which treats of our labours to the end 
of 1904. 

The first work of any importance taken in hand in the year 
1896 was the general reparation of the mural gallery on the northern 
and western sides of the keep. The piers earning the arches 
throughout (especially on the western side) had been reduced by 
decay and wanton destruction to about half their original si/e. 
ring all very unsafe. These piers were carried up Bquare to 
the springing of the arches, but we did not deem it necessary to 
the vouBsoirs of the latter, leaving that for posterity to do 

should further mischief arise. Mosl of the windows in the outer 
face of the keep, from sheer neglect and indifference on the part 
vol. xxvn. y 



178 THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 

of those who possessed the Castle before it was acquired by the 
Corporation, have lost their moulded heads and supporting columns ; 
but those still remaining were thoroughly strengthened and their 
missing portions renewed, so that they will probably resist the 
action of the elements for centuries to come if a careful watch be 
kept over them. 

In the year 1S97 the important work of repairing the turrets 
at the angles of the keep was commenced. When their roofs were 
demolished many years ago, the wall-plates were torn out as well as 
the rafters, leaving a wide and deep gap, which weathered deeper as 
time went on, until the support to the battlements was reduced to 
six or eight inches. These cavities we filled in with masonry flush 
with the inner face, hence the battlements for the first time for 
about two centuries rest on a solid foundation. The latter were 
found to be in such an advanced state of decay that the stones for 
three or four courses deep were lying loose, the mortar having been 
almost entirely removed by centuries of whirling winds and other 
destructive agencies. Before work could be commenced these 
stones were lifted out of their bed by the hands of the workmen, 
no tools being needed. The battlements were most carefully dealt 
with, all crumbling Caen coigns being replaced by new ones of 
Kentish rag, after which the interior of each merlon was by degrees 
built up until it became a compact whole, every portion being 
bonded together, which, in my opinion, is preferable to pouring in 
concrete. All the merlons were slightly rounded off at the top so 
that rain could not lodge upon them in future. It is interesting 
to relate that when the keep was built (a.d. 1126 — 39) provision 
was made for a vast number of pigeon-holes in the turrets above 
the level of the parapet. These penetrated the walls about eighteen 
inches, and as many of them were immediately beneath the battle- 
ments their stability was affected. 1 caused them to be filled up; 
many others we blocked to about four inches of their openings, 
simply to shew them. These holes for pigeons was a wise arrange- 
ment of the Norman builder, as in time of siege when food was 
scarce the garrison could fall back upon the birds, which in those 
days probably numbered thousands. As tbe sequel will shew, it may 
easily be understood what havoc these birds can do in the course of 
centuries, and yet they are still retained. 

After the turrets had been completed, their junction with the 
flanking walls on the interior face of the keep was proceeded with ; 
this was a much-needed work, as all four angles had fallen away to 




Mi/HAL /f£C£JJ£J . OPCA//NCJ 
AND CA/JDZROBC /N -* ■ £~ 

ancle or /resr. 




THE REPARATION OF BOCHE8TBB CASTLE. 179 

such an extent that at Least four cart-loada of stone were and in 
making good each angle. Subsequently the summits of the four 
walls encaged our attention. These were covered with tun 
accumulated earth and grass, en the removal of which a garden 
fixed to a water-pipe below was brought to bear upon the 
rugged masonry, thus washing oul every particle <>!' earth prior to 
the work of reparation. The roof line on the southern Bide was ho 
weathered away that the crowns ^<\' two t>i the arches beneath hail 
collapsed in consequence o\' the Boakage o\' rain. Instead of restoring 

them we threw relieving arches over them, leaving the (dd work afl 

it was to tell its own tale. Where the great fissure was between 
the Norman work and that of Henry III. we were obliged to re- 
move the arch, as it was rent in twain, and rebuild it entirely, thus 
enabling us to fill up the fissure and bond the two Bides together right 
back over the vault of the gallery, which had dropped at this part 
a couple of inches. In order to prevent the rain soaking into the 
walls in future, we carried up the face of all four walls to one level, 
thoroughly grouting them at the top with a slight fall inwards. As 
the northern wall had over the roof-line two rows of pigeon-holes, 
one row above the other, we had to re-front them so that the wall 
could be carried up straight above. The bonding of all this masonry 
with that previously done at the inner angles of the turrets, as 
already described, made a compact whole, no portion of which is 
likely to give way for centuries, especially as the mortar used is far 
superior to that of Norman date. 

The beautiful fireplaces were re-pointed and the decayed hearths 
made sound, also the joist holes of the floors beneath them. 

When referring to the rise in the eastern gallery Clark says: 
• li rises at the south-west angle to accommodate itself to the 
staircase, ami in the centre of the east front to clear the vaults of 
the garderobes below, and possibly to meet the thrust of the arch 
in the cross wall."* 

The presence of our scaffolding enabled us to enter every 
opening in the eastern wall of the keep and to prove that no 
garderobe Bhafts exist in it. We herewith, give a plan vf the garde- 
robe beneath the gallery in question, the roof of which does not rise 
above the Level of the gallery floor; the plan also shews the relation 
of the chamber to that existing in the turret erected by Henry III. 

re is no shaft connected with this garderobe, nor to that which is 

* Military Mtdiatal Architecture, vol, Li., p. H ) 

> 2 



180 THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 

adjacent to the apartment used by the governor ; there is a wide 
stone shoot, however, in each which discharged outwards, between the 
keep and the curtain wall. The only garderobe shafts are those 
which have been broken into at their bases in the southern and 
western walls, and the miniature one in the upper dungeon. Taking 
these facts into consideration, therefore, we are disposed to think 
that the before-mentioned abrupt rise in the steps in the eastern 
gallery is due to the wall beneath them having been made solid, to 
take the thrust of the arcade across the centre of the hall, as Clark 
implies. When dealing with the summit of these walls we discovered 
opposite the brattice holes, which exist at the base of the battlements 
where the timbers relating to them had been embedded across the 
walls of the keep. Upon these timbers the brattice beams were 
placed and made fast; these latter extended outwards sufficiently 
far to admit of a platform being fixed upon them, similar to a 
scaffold. This was for fighting purposes and from which sundry 
missiles could be dropped upon the heads of the besiegers. Clark 
refers to the brattice holes, but he makes no allusion to the 
approaches to them. These exist in the centre of the battlements 
on all sides, except the southern, which was destroyed during some 
repair in modern times, as well as the southern jamb of that on the 
eastern side. These openings are now blocked, but the jambs still 
remain, shewing that they were nearly three feet in width. 

The little chamber in the north-eastern angle of the first floor, 
which communicated with the tower of the principal entrance, and 
where the sentry in charge of it was lodged, was in a bad state of 
repair, having been used as a roosting place by pigeons for centuries. 
The walls were so riddled by them that it was possible in some 
places to get one's arm in between the courses up to the elbow. 
Instead of merely filling in these gaps with mortar only, we rammed 
in slices of stone with it, so as to give these destructive birds little 
chance of doing damage in that obscure hiding place in future. 
The chamber is very neat, having a vaulted roof and a fireplace. 
The doorway which led into the tower is now blocked, as may be 
seen from the outside. 

Before we treat of the work done to the lore-building it will be 
useful to call attention to what Clark has written concerning the 
chapel or kitchen in that part of the keep. In vol. i.,p. 131 of his 
work "ii Mediaeval Military Architecture he says : " At Rochester 
the chapel seems to have been in the fore-building, high up, beneath 
the kitchen "; and at p. L33, ''There is a kitchen in the fore-building 



... ' . 




■ 







i^mM^ 



■ 



- i 



' %<t 




•• 



vvindou? Discovered in Rochester Castle, 

ISM. 



THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 181 

;n Rochester, high up." He states further, at |>. L34, " The kitchen 
when it was in a distinct chamber was at the level of the Kail, ox 
even above it." In vol. ii . p. H8, in describing the same apartment 
as the chapel, he Bays, "There are tun east windows andalarge 
stone drain, winch has led to the notion that this room was the 
kitchen, and no doubl it would have made a verv good one." He 

does net refer to his statement in the first vidiime. as to the kitchen 

having been in the Fore-building, hence these conflicting accounts 
tend to shew thai he was in doubt about the matter. As the sequel 
will shew, the surmise thai the Norman chapel was iii the south- 
eastern portion of the upper chamber of the keep is probably 
correct. Under these circumstances we have ventured to call the 
chamber in the fore-building the kitchen, in the account which 

follows. 

In the year 1899 the reparation of the fore-building was taken 
in hand and completed. The battlements were found to be in a 
very ruinous state and a source of danger to the safety of the 
public, due chiefly to the faulty way in which they had been repaired 
ne distant period. In evvvy direction vegetation bad taken 
possession of the joints of the masonry; this was traced to its 
source and carefully eradicated before the new work was bonded 
into the original masonry. 

The eastern end of the great hearth of the kitchen had become 
literally honeycombed by weather and tlu' ceaseless worrying by 
pigeons, so much so that its two windows would soon have collapsed. 
The jambs and voussoirs of the recesses in which the windows were 
placed had disappeared ; the former were made good up to the 
springing of the arches to give strength to all, but to avoid 
restoration new \< ussoirs were not introduced. The semi-dome of 
the smoke shaft of the hearth had long since given way, but what 
remained of it was grouted and fixed to arrest further decay. The 
great arch of the hearth had lost several feet of its centre; this was 
replaced in order to save the remaining voussoirs from dropping 
out. 

During the repairs to the roof-line of the kitchen an interesting 
two-light window was discovered in the south wall, i.e., the north 
wall of the keep. This was blocked up and plastered over on the 
gallery side of the keep. The whole has now been opened out as shewn 
in the annexed Plate. Through this window anyone passing along 
the north gallery could see what was going on upon the roof of the 
fore-building, and communicate with those defending the stronghold 



182 THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 

in the hour of need. Subsequently the roof was raised about six 
feet, aud it was then that the window was closed and plastered over, 
thus obliterating all traces of its existence on the gallery side. 
Both roof-lines were carefully preserved during our operations, but 
the upper line not wholly so, as on the north side it had become so 
furrowed out by the elements and other causes that it was deemed 
necessary to fill in the cavity to give support to the battlements. 

The so-called " vestibule " beneath the kitchen needed but little 
repair, what remained of the windows being rendered safe and the 
bases of their recesses made good. 

In the upper dungeon one of its two air-shafts, which had been 
blocked, was opened, also the shaft leadiug from the garderobe to 
the dungeon beneath. This shaft must have been filled up when 
the late G. T. Clark was writing upon the Keep, as he describes 
that which we have discovered to be a garderobe as " a recess, per- 
haps a doorway, perhaps a cupboard, has been opened in the east 
wall, and fitted with a Tudor door-case" (vol. ii., p. 417). The 
shaft is 8 feet in depth, 1 foot 5 inches wide, and 1 foot S inches from 
front to rear. The recess, as its arch plainly shews, was originally a 
narrow Norman one, widened in later times. The face of the base 
of the shaft, where it entered the lower dungeon, was bricked up; 
when the bricks were removed the rubbish which had been used 
to fill up the shaft suddenly rattled out upon the astonished 
workman. 

The operations for the years 1900-1 consisted of the general 
reparation of the southern interior half of the keep down to the 
floor level of the hall : also the gallery on that side, and the central 
divisional wall. The gallery beneath the walk was first dealt with, 
the roof of which was cracked in all directions, especially where the 
great fissure occurs at the junction of the original Norman work 
and the repairs to the south-east angle in the thirteenth century. 
A large amount of the damage everywhere present in this gallery 
was due, as in all accessible parts of the keep, to wanton destruc- 
tion of arches and jambs for the sake of the square stones and 
voussoirs. These supports having been removed, it was absolutely 
necessary for the stability of the fabric to replace them. This was 
done with Kentish rag, a >tnnc we have used throughout the 
building for coigns, jambs, ami arches, so that it may descend to 
posterity as a distinctive mark of the repairs of the nineteenth and 
twentieth centuries. The slight restoration of this portion of the 
•gallery brings out more clearly the fact that Henry lll.'s masonry 




ARCH OF NORMAN RECESS I N EASTERN WALL OF UPPER 
CHAMBER IN SOUTHERN HALF OP THE CASTLE KEEP 

ROCHESTER . 



THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 183 

was thicker than the original Norman, as shewn in ('lurk's Plan 
(vol. ii., p. 411'). 

When repairing the eastern wall of the upper floor of the keep 
the presence of the scaffolding enabled a amioation to be 

made of the half of a large arch turned with Caen stone, which has 
always been visible there. <>n detecting the carved capital 
of the columns supporting what remained of the arch, additional 
>1 was aroused, and permission was readily given Eor a com- 
plete research to be made, resulting in the discovery of the columns 
intact from bases to caps 

When the south-eastern turret of the keep was undermined in 
the great Biege of Kim,' John's reign, the turret fell, together with 
a portion of the flanking wails on either side, carrying with it the 
corresponding half-arch to that which now remains. When 

Henry Ml. rebuill the angle I he arch was not considered, and \\ hat 
remained of it. as well as the recess to which it related, was filled 

in. 1 caused a portion of this filling-in to he removed (as shewn 
in the Illustration) sufficiently to shew the columns, and then re- 
faced the thirteenth-century work. The question now- arises — to 
what did this hold arch relate? (.'lark, as we have already said. 

to it as belonging to the Chapel. If this he so, tie 
stood in a recess of which this was the frontal arch. If the Norman 
chapel was in the soiit h-eastern angle of the keep, there is nothing 
now remaining to shew where it was after the repairs by Heur\ 111. 
The central wall dividing the keep was next taken in hand; the 
upper portion, which time and weather had reduced by B< 

feet, was cleared of earth and plants and Btrongly grouted in such 

a way that rain could not m future remain upon the top. As we 
ided with our work to the magnificent arches beneath, we 
found the largest arch in a most unsafe condition, the key-stone 
having dropped an inch, and all the voussoin in the lower order of 
the western half of it had cracked. The three central voussoirs of 
the arch were taken out and re-set. and all cracks and Assures 
carefully stopped ; the rest of the arches were in a fairly good state 
and only required Btopping, 

Beneath the great columns of the arcade, where the joist I 
of the floor existed, we found that the pigeons had made a home in 

them for centuries and wrought much havoc. Ail tluse orifices 
Ailed in with masonry to within about three inches of the 
outlet, thus giving greater supporl to the columns, and at the 
time shewing where the joists had been inserted. During our work 



18 i THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 

upon this central Avail we saw abundant evidence that the building 
had suffered from the ravages of fire : down the wall, on both sides, 
drips of molten lead (from the roof) appeared everywhere, and there 
was a thick layer of that metal upon the capitals of the columns ; 
this, of course, ran down from the roof and gutters during a 
conflagration. Other evidence of fire is also shewn by the redness of 
the Caen stone at various places in the keep. 

In writing upon the two garderobesin the southern and western 
walls of the keep, Clark says : " The openings into them are not 
original, and probably the shafts were sunk a few feet below the 
floor, and ended either in cesspools or a drain " (vol. ii., p. -110). 
As the present openings on the ground floor were made probably by 
treasure-seekers in the hope of finding something of interest or 
value at the base of the shafts, it was an easy matter to test the 
correctness of the above suggestion. They terminate about a foot 
below the surface in a flat bottom, coated with fine hard mortar. 
As there was neither drain nor cesspool there must have been some 
arrangement for emptying them from the interior of the keep, 
through the front walls where they have been destroyed — perhaps a 
wooden shutter, moveable when necessary. Neither of the shafts 
had any external opening. On digging down in front of the shafts 
in the earth forming the present floor of the keep, a remarkable 
discovery was made. Further and more extended excavation in the 
south-w 7 est angle of the keep shewed the undisturbed face of the 
wall continuing below ground to a depth of six feet, when a set-off 
of 18inche8 projection was reached; below this the face was followed 
a few feet deeper. It now became clear that we were digging into 
a chamber of the keep which had been filled up in quite recent 
times. On the news being immediately communicated to the 
Corporation, accompanied by a request to be allowed to continue 
the research, I was kindly permitted to open two large pits on either 
side of the central wall of the keep, one in the centre of the 
southern half, the other in the north-western angle of the northern 
half. On both sides the stone floor of the chamber was reached at 
14 feet, composed of blocks of Kentish rag grouted with strong 
mortar. On the south side, the floor ended about in line with the 
western edge of the pilaster of the central wall ; beyond it came the 
natural gravel, some of which was removed, enabling us to ascertain 
that the floor was 1-3 inches in thickness and rested on gravel. On 
the north side, in the angle above stated, the results were more 
important. The west wall of the keep had a clean face to 14 feet, 



THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 185 

at which lovt'l was a Bet-off of '_' Peel projection, and just below, the 

floor. The north wall, with face also perfect, had a set-off at <i Ece1 
of 10 inches projection, very sharp ami level ; then the wall Bor the 
remaining eighi feet had a thickly parged face to the limn- and set- 
off. It must Ik- noted that the set-off at 6 feet corresponds in level 
with that found on the south wall of the keep, as already mentioned. 
but its projection is 8 inches less. 

Following upon these researches, several trenches were dun 
along the walls all round the interior of the keep, for the purpose 
id' ascertaining at what level the wooden floor existed which formed 
the roof of tbis newly discovered apartment, but no joist holes were 
found. It was clearly demonstrated by these excavations that the 
newel stairs in the north-eastern turret commenced within about a 
foot of where the first step is now, thus corresponding with the 
ascertained level of the two arches which pierce the central wall of 
the keep. As matters stand at present it would be rash to con- 
jecture anything; all we can do is to wait patiently, in the hope that 
the Corporation may at some future time order the entire basement 
to be cleared out, which might throw light upon the purpose of this 
part of the fabric. Clark says (p. -410) : "The basement is at the 
average level of the ground outside, and there is no underground 
chamber." But he apparently made no excavations. Following 
up these discoveries a trial trench was made across the lower dungeon 
with similar results. The authorities therefore ordered it to be 
cleared out. The chamber did not appear to have had a floor, as we 
excavated below the foundations of its walls without finding any 
trace of it. The depth of this horrible prison was 17 feet 9 inches 
from the vaulted roof to the base of the walls. The entrance to it 
from the keep is by a flight of stone steps ; but as the lowest step is 
10 feet from the bottom, there was probably a wooden ladder used. 
so that when the unfortunate prisoner was sent below, the ladder 
was withdrawn, thus preventing any possible chance of escape. A 
wooden bridge has now been thrown across the dungeon so that 
visitors may inspect it advantageously. On the eastern side of the 
dungeon we found the remains of a cross wall, 4 feet 7 inches from 
the outer one. its length having been originally 9 feet 2 inches, and 
height '2 feet 4 inches; upon the top of it had been a beam of 
timber, as the holes existed where it entered the wall at each end. 
\- the garderobe shaft from the dungeon above, already described, 
emptied itself into this walled-off space, it was evidently the cesspil 
used for both dungeons, which added to the horrors of the miserable 



186 THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 

existence of those who were incarcerated in the lower dungeon. 
The only ventilation of the latter was through a hole 9| by 
101 inches, in the north wall immediately under the roof, which is 
still intact. This vent gradually slants upwards, and opens to the 
air about 6 feet above the modern entrance to the dungeon. 

There are two questions naturally arising i'rom all that we have 
written concerning the filling-up of the lowest chamber of keep 
and dungeon, namely, Why, and at what period was it done ? 

In Fisher's History of Rochester, which was published in 1772, 
occurs the following foot-note at p. 30 : " A gentleman informs me 
that he well remembers the floor timbers of the castle being taken 
down and sold to one Gimmet, who bought them for the purpose of 
building a brewhouse on the common." When this was done the 
basement of the keep presented a dangerous pitfall to those who 
entered it at the main gate by the drawbridge, in such a state it 
could not possibly remain for any length of time ; we may, therefore, 
venture to assume that it was filled up for safety of ingress. When 
this was done, in all probability the two entrances now on a level 
with the ground outside were cut through the solid walls, the one 
into the dungeon, the other beneath the drawbridge, as the frag- 
ments of pottery, tobacco pipes, scraps of crockery ware, etc., met 
with during the removal of the earth belonged to the Georgian 
era, which agrees sufficiently with the date of Fisher's book. 
During the year 1900 we cleared out the well, of which a section is 
given in the accompanying Plate. It was disappointing that 
nothing of interest was found in it, which shewed that it had, in all 
probability, been emptied at some earlier period. 

In the year 1902 the work of making level the floor of the 
mural gallery of the keep, which has so long been a nuisance to 
the public, was completed throughout. From the eastern gallery 
we swept away the unsightly wooden platform existing there. On 
its removal it was found that the masonry beneath it, including the 
Bteps, had been torn away at some period. This we made good, 
thus bringing it up t<> its original level at the base of the window 
inserted in the time of Henry III. in the eastern wall of the keep. 
\> the rise of the missing steps was shewn upon the side walls, we 
were enabled to replace them in exacl position; an extra step, 
however, was added to make the ascent at this poinl less abrupt. 
On filling in the floor of the gallery beyond, into the southern 
gallery, we saw the traces of another step which had been removed. 
This was restored, thus rendering this dangerous and dilapidated 



ROCHESTER CASTLE. 



SECTION THROUGH WELL 



1900 



''"£ ^5*^*: 



I 

ORIGINAL FLOOR LEVEL \M 



If. 






■ 









Si 



- 






' 






91 

BOTTOM OF j*g 






^ 



| 



-; 



OF GROUND 



A 
»1 *af 



[ AS RECENTLY DISCOVERED 



m 



i 



MASONRY LINING 



;&S 






HIGH WATER MARK \ SPRING TIDES 



WATER LEVEL 



STANDING 



AT HIGH TIDE 



WATER LEVEL 



TOE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 187 

walk safe and in perfect condition. During the repairs all the 
single clumsy wooden rails that had been inserted across the arch- 
ways opening into the keep from the gallery have been replaced 
by iron bars, in pairs, which are less obtrusive to the eye, and 
more efficacious as safeguards to the public. 

In the year 1903, as the curtain wall facing the river had become 
very insecure, we abandoned the keep for the time being and did 
everything that was possible, in the most cai'eful manner, to save 
this ancient stretch of masonry from further decay. After the 
scaffolding was erected we were brought face to face with the 
ravages which centuries of weathering and the work of birds had 
wrought upon the wall. It was riddled with holes in every 
direction, reaching far into the core. In some places the birds had 
pecked away the mortar to such an extent that, aided by the wind, 
passages had been made between the face and core. 

The section of the wall first dealt with was that opposite the 
pier. In the upper part of this is a blocked two-light window of 
the time of Henry III. Having been turned with fire-stone the 
jambs and arches had almost dissolved away, and in order to pre- 
serve its outline on the exterior face it was found necessary to case 
it with rag-stone to uphold the masonry above, which was liable to 
fall at any moment. On the interior face we left the fire-stone 
still exposed to view, as it had not become so worn away and could 
be easily repaired at any future time. The arch over the recess in 
which these windows occur was completely gone, and had to be 
renewed to carry the work above. 

The broken edge of the wall facing north, which shews in such 
an interesting and instructive manner the Roman, Norman, and 
thirteenth-century periods in juxtaposition, had to be cased for 
some distance down, as the core of the Norman or central portion, 
being largely composed of chalk, would have weathered away and 
caused further damage. The lower part was left untouched. 
Beneath the above-mentioned Avindows we restored a line of joist 
holes which were fast decaying past recognition, thus preserving 
the floor-line of some building which has disappeared from this spot. 
On the other side of this wall, facing the river, we were enabled, 
for the first time, to examine carefully the core of the Roman wall 
which underlies the Norman masonry erected by Gundulf. The 
core is 8 feet in height, and at its base is the projecting ledge of 
the underpinning wall that was erected many years ago to prevent 
the chalk cliff from further decay, and at the same time to form an 



188 THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 

additional support to the great weight of walling above. Upon 
this ledge a thick layer of weeds and plants hail grown ; on remov- 
ing it for the purpose of regr outing we were rewarded by finding 
that two or three courses of the Roman facing-stones remained at 
places undisturbed, and had been incorporated into the modern 
work below. "When the latter was done the joints of the Roman 
courses were re-pointed, hence it was not possible to detect them 
from the esplanade beneath. 

This fortunate discovery enabled us to ascertain by means of 
a plumb-line that the wall, including its face, had lost only 2 feet 
7 inches of its thickness since its erection, which testifies to the 
solidity of the masonry and the marvellous excellence of the 
mortar. 

On continuing our work from the southern end of the Roman 
core a fine length of Gundulf's wall claimed our attention. This 
portion was in fairly good condition, owing chiefly to the protection 
afforded by the trees which have grown up upon the chalk cliff 
that projects several feet along its line. Nothing was done to it 
beyond filling up the great holes made by pigeons. "Where the 
wall begins to curve towards the south-west angle we opened out 
some very interesting remains of the thirteenth-century alterations 
on the interior face, which had long been overgrown and entirely 
obscured by ivy. After the total destruction of that destructive 
plant, three mural recesses were exposed, while a fourth was found 
to be filled in with masonry, on the removal of which we disclosed 
an opening cut through the wall and splayed in such a way that 
a watch might be kept upon the bridge on the Strood side of the 
river. The two centre recesses also possessed openings, and the 
fourth or southernmost a two-light opening, all of which had been 
blocked up. On clearing them out we were able to repair the 
splays, jambs, and arches, and insert an iron stanchion into each 
opening in order to prevent children getting through them. As the 
southernmost double opening was too far decayed to repair, we left 
it as it was. 

The thirteenth century builders, after piercing the Norman wall 
tor these openings, built a wall in front of it recessed as above 
i ibed. "When repairing the top of the wall we were able to shew 
the Norman work, which is a little higher than that of Henry III. 
in froni of it. From the bases of the recesses to the ground all 
this seetion of the wall was in a most unsafe state, the stones having 

,i pulled out even to the core of the Norman wall. .So great 



THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 189 

was the destruction that twenty-five loads of stone wore used in 
making it good. Upon tlie sides of each recess we could plainly 

see where the original base had been; we therefore built up to that 
level. The removal of the ivy noi only disclosed all the above 
interesting details, but it revealed the indications of a cross wall 

having al one time existed in the centre of the four recesses. 

Unfortunately it could uo1 be shewn as we would have wished, bo 
we Laid the stones of the new work in an irregular mannei over the 
line of the old for a width of 8 feet, which represents that of the 
latter. This may have been the wall referred to by Clark, at p. 108, 
as dividing the " Norman castle into a north and south ward." and 
which passed just north of the fore-building of the keep. 1 caused 
an excavation to be made in the broad footpath in front of the 
wall, but found no trace of a foundation. I also probed for it 
beyond, in two or three places, and struck masonry far beneath the 
surface, but this counts for nothing. 

Before clearing up I embraced the opportunity of removing 
some of the turf of the bank which is at the foot of the wall we 
have been describing, when, as was anticipated, it was found to 
cover the Roman wall of the city ; in fact, the bank represents its 
curve at this corner. We also discovered that the stones forming 
the boundary of the footpath at the base of the grass bank had 
been laid in mortar and bonded into the Roman core, so that the 
turn of the path, for a certain distance, actually defines the curve 
of the ancient wall. This is further proof of the accuracy of the 
boundary line of Roman Rochester we have already placed on 
record. 

The great work recorded in the foregoing pages was accom- 
plished during the Mayoralties of Alderman Sir W. Webb Kay ward, 
Councillor Franklin G. Homan, Alderman AV\ J. McLellan, Coun- 
cillors L. A. Goldie, P. J. Neate, C. Tuff, and R. P. Smith, all 
of whom, together with every member of the Council, gave the 
work their fullest support and sympathy, which encouraged me 
throughout to boldly face so difficult and onerous a task. It 
me much pleasure to acknowledge my great indebtedness to 
them, as well as to the Town Clerk (Mr. Apsley Kennette) for 
his invaluable assistance and advice. To Mr. W. Banks, F.S.I., 
the City Surveyor, I am especially grateful. His professional 
skill surmounted all structural difficulties, while I am alone respon- 
sible for the manner in which the work was carried out. The total 
cost of the repairs up to the end of 1904 was £7SS lGs. 7</., and 



190 THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 

as a set-off to this expenditure the payments by visitors to the 
Castle from 1S96 to 1901 inclusive was £1,093. 

In conclusion, it will be a satisfaction to me to state that the 
repairs which I have been privileged to superintend at Rochester 
Castle for its present custodians have been conducted with a due 
regard for the true principles of reparation rather than restoration, 
with the view of handing down to posterity the noble Castle, not 
only structurally sound, but with its more prominent and pictur- 
esque features rendered safe and secure for centuries. 

As an appendix to this report I give copies of two interesting 
letters relating to the preliminary enquiries that were made in 1780 
with a view to the purchase of the Castle by the Government for 
the purposes of barracks, which were kindly transcribed for me by 
Captain G. W. Griffith, E.E. :— 

Letter 1. 

Chatham, 23 March, 1780. 
Dear Sir, 

The result of my enquiries concerning Rochester Castle 
is not yet quite so satisfactory as I could wish. I have learned 
that the Castle, with the land, etc., appertaining, is now the property 
of Mr. Child, the haulier, in London ; of tvhotn he purchased it or 
what he gave for it I cannot at present find out, and perhaps it may 
be difficult to obtain a knowledge of the amount of the purchase- 
money. I have heard that it was a trifling sum. Part of the land 
has been let upon a building lease, and houses in and about the 
town have been built thereon, which, however, do not interfere 
with, and can be of no use to, any of the purposes for which the 
Castle may be wanted; the rest of the land is chiefly in gardens 
and rented upon lease by Mr. Penn, an ironmonger in Rochester, 
and by him let again to different persons ; there is a house also 
contiguous to the Castle which I understand is let by him to the 
town carter. 1 am told that the whole of Mr. Penn's lease is nearly 
expired, but the exact term remaining 1 cannot say. The quantity 
of garden-ground, etc., contiguous to the Castle may amount to 
three or four acres; perhaps the whole would not be wanted. A 
piece immediately adjoining the Castle and now in Lucerne might 
be sufficient, but in this respect (not knowing exactly to what uses 
n may be desired to be converted) I speak only at random, but at 
tin; same time with a view to give you every information in my 



THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 191 

power. If my enquiries could have been more open (winch 1 an 
sensible of the propriety of your cautioning me against) ] could, 
perhaps, have acquired some other particulars. It is, however, \< rj 
certain tli:it the Castle itself is of very little use or no real value to 
the proprietor. An attempl was made Bome years ago to pull it 
down and convert (lie stone to other uses, but the goodness of the 
cement baffled their efforts, at least rendered them so tedious and 
expensive thai they Boon abandoned the project. What further 
information 1 can collect in the course of my enquiries 1 shall 
immediately acquaint you with, and am with much esteem. 

Dear Sir, 
Tour most obedient humble Servant. 

GOTHER MaNN. 

To Lieut. -Col. Debbieu. 



Letter 2. 



20 May, 1780. 



My Lord and Honorable Gentlemen, 

In obedience to your Honour's commands directing me to 
enquire and report upon what terms Mr. Child, the proprietor of 
Rochester Castle, is willing to part with it to your honours to be 
converted into barracks, I have conferred with Mr. Palmer, 
Mr. Child's solicitor (by whose advice I perceive he will be very 
much governed) on the subject, who informs me that Mr. Child is 
not in the actual occupation of any part of the premises, unless it 
be the scite of the castle, of which, on account of the ruinous state 
it is in, no use at all is at present made, the residue of the premises 
being let out to 2L different persons for long terms of years, at 
small yearly rents amounting in the whole to about £40 per annum, 
whose interests must be purchased (which Mr. Palmer conceives it 
will be difficult to do) before the board can obtain possession. 

Thai there are other rents, appurtenant and payable to the 
owner of this Castle, commonly called Castle Guard Rents, issuing 
ou1 of divers other estates in several counties in England, amounting 
together to about £20 per annum. 

That Mr. Child does not mean, nor indeed can he with propriety, 
part with the Castle, unless the person who purchases it also 
purchases those Castle Guard Bents, as those rents are payable to 
the owner of the Castle. 



192 THE REPARATION OF ROCHESTER CASTLE. 

Mr. Child has no plan whatsoever of the premises, but if your 
honours, after being acquainted with the difficulties which will 
attend carrying an agreement thereof into execution and obtaining 
possession, chuse to treat for a purchase, Mr. Palmer proposes that 
a plan be taken thereof, which seems absolutely necessary, as part 
was heretofore sold by Mr. Child's father, other part is claimed by 
Mr. Brooke, Recorder of Rochester (as Mr. Palmer informs me), 
and as soou as the plan is taken, and the ground and buildings the 
property of Mr. Child is ascertained, Mr. Palmer proposes to make 
your honours an offer ; he wishes the plan to be taken by an engineer 
or overseer of your honours' appointment, whom he will direct. 
Mr. Child's agent to attend on the spot at Rochester to give the 
best information he is able of the extent of Mr. Child's property, 
and when that is done both parties may form a proper judgment of 
the value, which at present (as the contents are not known) it seems 
impracticable to do. 

I am, my Lord and Hon 1)le Gentlemen, 

Tour most obedient humble servant, 

Lough Carleton. 
To Hon ble Board of Ordnance. 

For permission to publish these letters I am indebted to Major- 
General Sir Reginald C. Hart, V.C., K.C. B., K.C. V.O., Commanding 
the Thames and Medway Defences, also to Colonel G. R. R. Savage, 
C.R.E., for his kindly assistance in connection therewith. 

When enclosing the above to me, Captain Griffith writes as 
follows : — 

Head-Quarters, Thames District, 
Brompton Barracks. 

Chatham, 7 November, 1903. 
Mr dear Mi{. Payne, 

T have looked up the old letter books, and am sending you 
copies of the two letters I referred to yesterday. I can trace 
nothing later, Erom which 1 infer the matter was dropped, though 
a survev T fancy was made, but no copy exists in this office. 

Tours sincerely, 

(Signed) G. W. Griffith. 



House- , it- 5horne> 

M£4R«CfRa>Ti'5END - KENT- 




DETVUL Of-KCWFREUM 
*st> POST in HaiJL 



i.oNi»ru'i»iv,.u. ->kction 



r . i i i r i m i j 



"•IV.K T 



( 193 ) 



ANCIENT TIMBER-FRAMED HOUSE AT 
SHORNE NEXT GRAVESEND. 

BY GEORGE M. ARNOLD, F.S.A. 

Mi; Robert Weib Schultz of 11 Gray's Inn Square, W.C., 
architect, in reporting t<> me upon this structure, which he profes- 
sionally examined, says : — 

This house is a typical specimen of the mediaeval yeoman's 
house of the fifteenth or early sixteenth century. A yearly decreas- 
ing number of examples of such houses are to be found in the 
counties of Kent and Sussex, but all more or less altered and cut 
about, as this has been. 

In spite of the numerous alterations and changes which have 
been effected in this structure from time to time, enough of the 
old timber-framing, etc., still exists to enable us to form a very 
accurate idea of the original form and arrangement. Most of this 
bad been covered over by modern plastering or hidden away above 
later ceilings, etc., and it is due to your care and to the judicious 
removal of later surface coverings that I have been enabled to 
prepare the accompanying drawings, which shew the house as it was 
originally constructed. These drawings are not in any sense com- 
plete, as I have only shewn thereon what I have been enabled to 
verify from existing evidence, but enough has been laid bare to 
enable me to reconstruct the main lines of the house, and of its 
sub-divisions, although it has been impossible to fill in every point 
of detail. I have purposely avoided shewing on these Plans any of 
the later alterations, as they are of no value for our purpose, and 
would only have tended to confuse. 

This building differs considerably from the two houses of similar 
date which have already been recorded by you in Archaologia 
Cantiana, viz., "The Old Rectory at Northfleet" (1892) and 
" Filborough Farmhouse, East Chalk" (IS94), but it Beems to me 
to represent more nearly the typical Kentish yeoman's house than 
either of those buildings. Several examples of houses, almosl 
identical in every respect with this one, still exisl in various p;irts 

VOL. XXVI 1. O 



194 ANCIENT TIMBER-FRAMED HOUSE 

of Kent and Sussex — as for example at Sole Street, Pattenden, 
Hollingbonrne, Horsmonden, Cranbrook, Goudhurst, Tenderden, in 
Kent; and at Robertsbridge, Nbrtniam, Chiddingly, Alfriston, in 
Sussex. 

In plan the building was originally a parallelogram about 
•i5i feet long and 2(H feet wide. It was subdivided into three 
parts. In the centre was the hall or houseplaee extending the full 
width and height of the building, and at either end were rooms or 
offices with chambers over. 

The timbers composing the floors of the upper chambers project 
over the lower framing about 2 feet towards the front only; the 
framing of the upper part rests on the ends of these timbers, the 
face of the upper storeys thus standing out in front of the lower, 
while the timbering of the hall face runs right up without projection. 
The eaves of the roof are continued right across the front, on the 
line of the projecting upper face, thus forming that curious and 
interesting soffit, with its curved braces supporting the eaves plate, 
which is so characteristic of the early Kent and Sussex cottages, 
and is all the more interesting in that it is developed directly from 
the practical structural scheme of the building. 

The original roof, with its hipped ends and its beams, posts, 
rafters, etc., is still intact. These are still black with the smoke 
and soot of the sixteenth-century wood fires on the floor of the 
hall, and the old soot-begrimed plaster of the side partitions of the 
hall is also still in existence above the more modern ceiling of the 
first floor room, which has been fitted, later, into the upper portion 
of the original hall. " Full sooty was hire hour and eek hir hailed* 

I am of opinion that the sides and divisions of the building were 
entirely constructed of oak framing, the sole-plates resting on cross 
plankings of oak, or on strong piles, or stakes driven into the 
ground to support the framing, that there were no brick footings 
of any kind, that the spaces between the timbers were filled in 
with wattle and daub, that the lower floors were of earth, and that 
the roof was cvercd with thatch. 

It seems quite clear to me that these buildings were erected 
with materials of the most inexpensive kind, and those most easily 
procurable, such as oak from the surrounding woods, earth and 
sand, and straw or reeds. 

In this building the slopes of the ends of the roof differ from 
of the sides. This would not have been of any consequence 

* Chaucer, The Nonne Preetlet Tale. 



AT BHORNE NKXT (iKAVKSKM). 196 

in a roof covered with thatch, but would be found somewhat 
awkward in adjusting the hips "fa tiled nr slated roof. Bfanj of 

k cottages are still thatched, as Bor example the old I 
House at AJfriston, :i house near Sorsmonden, the Well II i 
near Nbrthiam, etc. 

Distincl traces remain of the original windows ; the openings 
in the hall wort 1 filled in with oak bars, set angle-wise, in two I I 
as at Northfleet Rectory. Traces of similar windows can also be 
at the Well ll.msc. near Xorthiam. Sussex. The sill of the 
front window is high lip, being between 6 and 7 feet from the lloor, 
while the back one is about B\ feet. The back window was the 

longer one of the two. The windows to the lower side chambers 
were tilled in with similar bars. The upper windows had broader 
openings with mullions between. All these windows may have 
been protected by inner-hinged or otherwise moveable shutters of 
wood, and the upper windows may perhaps haw had inner frames 
filled with oiled linen, or skin, or the like, which would let through 
a certain amount of light, and at the same time keep out the 
weather. 

In your clearance you have brought to light the original 
entrance door into the hall. This is at the extreme right-hand side. 
There may probably have been a similar door opposite. The 
arrangement of the hall is curious, as the main upright timbers 
and the great cross beam do not come in the centre of the length. 
but divide the length into two unequal spaces, a narrower one next 
the door of one-third of the whole length, and a wider one of two- 
thirds. The windows come centrally in the wider space both at 
back and front, whereas the door is not in the centre of the 
narrower space, but at the right-hand side. It is unlikely that, iu 
the hall of a small house like this, there was a screen righl across 
under the main beam, as we so frequently find in larger halls. It 
is more probable that there was a small screen forming an inner 
porch, known as the " Speer," immediately inside the door and 
parallel with the front wall. The fire was no doubt an open one 
on the floor in the centre of the hall. 

There were two rooms on the ground floor to the right of the 
hall, and these were entered by two doorways in the centre of the 
partition (see section through Hall) : one would be the buttery or 
larder, and the other may have been a cellar or store, or perhaps 
a stable or barn. Access to the chamber over was no doubt obtaiued 
by means of a rough ladder made out of balks of timber. Several of 

o 2 



196 ANCIENT TIMBER-FRAMED HOUSE 

these still exist in church towers, etc., as at Hever. This ladder 
may have been placed against the cross-beam at the point marked 
(A) on Plan. The lower rooms are about Gh feet high, and the old 
beams or joists over same, which still exist, measure 65 inches by 
4^ inches. 

Over the ceiling of this upper chamber there still exists a plat- 
form known as the " Balk " or "Scaffold," on which the bacon was 
no doubt placed. This platform does not exist in the corresponding 
position over the opposite chamber. It is just possible that there 
may have been an outlet for the smoke at this end of the roof. 

The construction of the roof is very curious. The great beam, 
which is strongly braced to the main upright posts by curved braces, 
has, standing on it, an octagonal post of early form (a similar one is 
shewn in an illustration of a thirteenth-century (?) roof at Charney, 
in Turner's Domestic Architecture). Braces from the top of this 
post help to support one of the cross ties of the roof, and also 
a beam G inches deep by 4| inches wide, which runs the lengthwise 
of the building, and is again braced from the partitions at each end 
of the Hall. On this beam rest the ci-oss ties of the roof, which in 
turn are pinned to the rafters. A very considerable portion of the 
weight of tlie roof is thus taken off the timber-framing of the walls, 
and is carried on the main beams and uprights instead. The 
rafters are further tied together and steadied by two pieces of 
timber of light section, viz., 4 inches by 3 inches, which run along 
the whole length of the roof and are notched to each rafter. At 
first sight these look like ordinary purlins, but they exercise none 
of the duties of a purlin, and are not supported in any way from the 
main beams. 

The portion of the building to the left of the hall, where would 
be the bower or women's chamber, with the " Solar " over it, has 
been so thoroughly modernized that it is impossible to discover 
whether there were one or two rooms on the two floors, also where 
the door or doors were into them. There is a disused steep wheel 
staircase to the present first-floor rooms, but this, while fairly old, 
must be later than the original arrangement. 

The drawing of the " Front Elevation " which accompanies this 
report may be looked upon as fairly accurately representing the 
original appearance of the house. A good deal of the old timbering 
still exists. It will be observed that, in addition to the main 
curved braces Blipporting the eaves plate, there is a smaller brace 
projecting from the main upright post of the hall, and supporting 



House- flT-SHORNE- 

m [R*GR im>i:m)Ki s i 




ntcxr ELEWa ur\ 




<HIC*?^D PiUFW 



T 1 1 1 1 ! 1 1 1 1 1 



4tV>vr 



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AT SHORNE NEXT GKAVESEND. 197 

the end of the main cross beam, which in its turn helps to support 
the eaves plate. This main post, beam, and brace is of course not 
in the centre of the recessed space. An exactly similar arrange- 
ment can be observed in several of the other houses of the same 
period at the places noted above. 

Attention is also drawn to the fact that the upper rooms project 
over the lower ones towards the front only in this house. In some 
of the other examples they project over at the ends as well. There 
is an example of this in the same village in a house also belonging 
to you, and known as " The Old Vicarage." In the ceiling of the 
room inside, there is a diagonal beam into which the ordinary joists 
of the front and end are tenoned, and the end of this beam is 
strutted externally on the angle from a strong angle post. 

The detail of the wood-work throughout the house is simple and 
straightforward; there is no ornamentation, the entrance doorway 
has a curved head and bevelled spandrils, the external braces are 
simply curved, the inner braces and uprights are splayed on the 
angles, and the main beam of the hall is cut in two orders, one a 
plain splay and the other a flat curve. The main post of the roof 
is the most architectonic feature of the wliole building, and repre- 
sents the persistency of the early form of the thirteenth century 
down into the fifteenth century, as is not uncommon in the more 
primitive village and country work. 

By your labours in connection with this house you have made it 
possible to record accurately yet another example of the smaller 
Kentish house, and it is sincerely to be desired that other owners 
of similar historical if somewhat primitive buildings will follow in 
the same path, and enable arcluvologists to obtain accurate records 
before they are further modernized or disappear. 



In presenting to the readers of this Journal the accompanying 
Illustrations of the example of ancient domestic architecture at Smith 
Street in Shorne, near Gravesend, with my architect's careful 
survey, I should have greatly desired to have connected the structure 
with some of its local antecedents, pointing to its erection, owner- 
ship, or occupation, but 1 regretfully admit that 1 have none to 
offer, nor do I know of any circumstances out of which any reliable 
account could be evolved as to its specific use or origin. 



198 ANCIENT TIMBER-FRAMED HOUSE 

There is, however, immediately contiguous, an ancient flint-built 
chapel of small dimensions, long since converted into secular uses, 
having amongst other purposes served as a malt-house (with its 
steeping vats dug into the floor of the nave), and ultimately, when 
I acquired it, a portion was appropriated as a stable and cow-house. 

In the course of my investigation, we discovered that the 
chapel was one of the chantries which had fallen a victim to the 
well-known Act of Parliament 1 Edward VI., and under the 
operations of the Koyal Commissioners appointed to search for 
concealed lands, it was sold, and the proceeds swept (with other 
fragments of ecclesiastical spoil) into the coffers of Queen 
Elizabeth. 

In the course of this enquiry the dedication of the chapel was 
found to be to St. Katherine, a circumstance which had been 
previously unknown. No record of the institution or induction of 
any clerk in respect of the chapel has rewarded our researches, and 
indeed the slender written evidence of the existence of a chapel at 
all is derived from the circumstance that in a Shorne deed of 
Confirmation by "Walter, Bishop of Eochester, one of the five 
attesting witnesses is " Nicholas, the Chaplain of Shorne." Since 
then Mr. Leland L. Duncan kindly drew my attention to the Will 
of Thomas Davy of " Shorn Streete," dated a.d. 1516, in which 
occurs the bequest : " To the reparation of Seynt Kateren Chapell 
half a quarter of Barley "; and as there is no record of an altar or 
chantry of St. Katharine at the Parish Church, the legacy is con- 
firmatory of our researches. 

It is now necessary for my purpose to make a digression, for the 
purpose of exhibiting how the tithes of the parish were held during 
the period under consideration. 

Bishop Walter of Eochester, who came to that See in the twelfth 
year of King Stephen, confirmed by the above Charter to the 
Monastery of St. Saviour's, Bermondsey, the Churches of Shorne 
and Cobham, which the Monks held from the gift of King Henry I., 
in pure and perpetual alms ; and the Bishop willed that they should 
possess these churches well, freely, and peaceably to their own use, 
together with the lands and all the tithes and other things belonging 
to them. And as he had granted to the Monks a parsonage in the 
above churches, he granted licence that the Vicars serving yearly 
in them (who should answer to the Bishop and his officials for the 
cure of souls) should, with their consent, perform their fealty and 
due obedience to the Monks. This appropriation was confirmed to 



AT SHORNE NEXT GKAVESEND. 199 

Bermondsey by Archbishop Thomas Becket, and by the Prior and 
Community of St. Andrew's, Rochester, in the years 124G and 1270 

respectively. 

From this it is clear that the tithes of the parish, generally 
speaking, appertained to the Bermondsey Prior and Community. 
It also appears that the Parson, to whom the care of souls was 
delivered, was not a mere removable Vicar or simple representative 
of that religious house, but that relations were formally created 
between him and the Bishop of the Diocese, and the Episcopal 
official b in all that related to the care of souls ; and further, in 
searching the Registry of the Archdeacon of Rochester, I found 
that under date 27 January 1470, William Peper, the then Shorne 
incumbent, described himself as the "perpetual Vicar of the Parish 
Church of Shorne." 

Leaving for the moment the ownerships of the tithes generally, 
and also of the vicarial tithes, I would next draw attention to the 
circumstance that the Prior and Community of the Cathedral 
Church of St. Andrew, Rochester, had already become possessed, 
through the gift of Smallman, of Shorne, of a portion of tithes 
arising in the manors of Roundal and Thong within the parish, 
a donation which Bishop Gilbert confirmed in the reign of King 
Henry II. "to the Church of Rochester and the Monks of God 
serving there.'' 

With reference to this portion of tithes, it would seem from 
the Commonwealth Survey of a.d. lt>49 that there was then a barn 
and barnyard called " Mounken " or " Monks" barn lying at Thong, 
in connection with the portions of tithe of corn and grain arising 
in the parishes of Shorne and elsewhere. Now, under the same 
Commonwealth Survey, we find there was also existing a tithe barn 
and yard at Shorne containing two roods. The Rectory of Shorne 
remained with the Bermondsey Priory down to the dissolution of 
the latter in the 29th year of the reign of King Henry VIII., 
when it was surrendered into the King's hands; all which was 
confirmed to the King, his heirs, and successors, by the general 
words of the Act of the 31st year of his reign. 

The Church of Shorne accordingly continued to be held by the 
Crown till the 36th year of King Henry VIII., when that King by 
instrument under his Privy Seal, of 23 June of that year, 
conveyed the Rectory appropriate and the Advowson of the Vicarage 
to the new Dean and Chapter of Rochester, in exchange for their 
Manor of Southfleet. 



200 ANCIENT TIMBEK-ERAMEt) HOUSE. 

The last mentioned barn, having ceased to belong to the Priory 
of Bermondsey, and now becoming of little use since the conversion 
of tithes in kind into money rentcharges, was pulled down within 
the last few years, with the assent of the Dean and Chapter, the 
owners of the Living — indeed, during the incumbency of the present 
justly respected Vicar. Now, this tithe barn was in immediate 
contiguity to St. Katherine's Chapel, and also to the ancient house 
which forms the subject of this Paper. The three buildings, indeed, 
form the three points of an irregular triangle. 

The suggestion which I advance, with diffidence, is that the 
Community of Bermondsey, having for the collection and safe- 
guarding of their grain and other tithes, occasion to be represented 
in Shorne, by their bailiffs, labourers, and dependents for the 
reception, storage, and conversion of their property, and occasionally 
by clerical members of their own Community, provided the house for 
residential and storage purposes for their own people, and for their 
own property. At the adjoining Chapel of St. Katherine's (if it 
were their's) they would be able to render independently, and 
receive, when in residence, those daily offices of religion which were 
in accordance with the requirements of their rule. 

I feel that the suggestion is not one which stands on any basis 
of proof, but I advance it as being the only suggestion that has 
occurred to me in the matter of the use and appropriation of my 
old timber-framed house. 

May I, in conclusion, suggest that a negative argument in favour 
of the theory is afforded, in that it would, I conceive, account for 
the absence of any record of the institution or induction of a 
Chaplain serving at St. Katharine's Chapel. 



( 201 ) 



NOTES ON BETHERSDEN. 

BY THE RKV. A. J. PEARMAN, M.A. 

The sale to Mr. Greenwood of the estate lately known as Oakhurst, 
in Bethersden, suggests the propriety of putting on record some 
particulars of the descent of the property, which may be of interest 
in the future, and can be depended on as the result of an examin- 
ation of the title-deeds I was allowed to make forty years ago. 

In the notice of the sale which appeared in the Kentish Express 
of 11 June 190-4, the property in question was described as " a 
residential and sporting estate of 443 acres, consisting of 256 
pasture, 108 arable, and 79 woodland ; together with the excellent 
country residence, having an abundant supply of water, and standing 
in well-kept grounds of over two acres, timbered with handsome 
oak and other trees, and commanding pleasant views of the sur- 
rounding country ; also seven cottages, well-arranged buildings, 
and stabling for 11 horses." 

The estate is made up of various small properties brought 
together at different times. The bulk of it was called Brissenden 
Farm, as the Green and Bridge close at hand are known as Bris- 
senden Green and Brissenden Bridge. Whether it belonged at an 
early period to the Brissendens, whose name occurs in the Parochial 
Registers in 1556, and who were owners or occupiers of land in 
Bethersden, I cannot say, but they were certainly connected with it 
at the end of the next century, for in 1699 Elizabeth Eeatt of 
Ashford carried it in marriage to Daniel Brissenden, the owner of 
Street End, Willesborough. She and her husband died without 
issue, having bequeathed this property to Daniel Brissenden's sister, 
Mrs. Adcock, whose daughter or granddaughter, Elizabeth Adcock, 
married the Eev. George Hearne of* Canterbury. About 1770 
Mr. and Mrs. Hearne conveyed this farm to Mr. Sharpe. Mr. 
William Sharpe by his will in 1S04 left it, with considerable other 
property, to his nephews, the Messrs. Avery. Under a deed of 
partition executed between the brothers, Brissenden Farm fell to 
the share of Mr. Thomas Avery, on whose death in embarrassed 
circumstances about 1830 it was sold, subject to some heavy mort- 



202 NOTES ON BETHERSDEN. 

gages, to Nicolas Roundell Toke, Esq., of Godinton, from whom it 
came to his only child, Ellen Maria, wife of her cousin, the Rev. 
Henry Bourchier Wrey of Tawstoek, Devon. Mr. and Mrs. Wrey 
in 1S59 joined in a sale of this portion of their estates to Mr. W. H. 
Mold of Alderwasley in Derbyshire. 

About 20 acres between the Ash ford and Woodchurch Roads, 
known as " May lam's Corner," were conveyed, together with 
" Hoad's." in 1001, to May lam, in which family they remained for 
several generations till, descending in the female line to Rowley, 
they were sold in 1780 to Mr. Samuel Belcher of Frid in this 
parish, and, becoming the property of Mr. Sharpe, passed in the 
same manner as Brisseuden Farm to Mr. Mold. 

Gable, or Caple Hooke's as it is written in the older deeds, at 
the foot of the hill leading to Great Chart, was bequeathed by 
Thomas Usher, a substantial yeoman who lived at Vitter's Oak 
in this parish, to his son .lacob, who, dying in 1717, left it " share 
and share alike " between his daughters, Mrs. Back and Mrs. 
Turner. The whole descended to Mr. Usher Back of Westwell, by 
whose sons, early in the last century, it was sold to the Messrs. 
Avery, and so came eventually to Mr. Mold. 

Idenden's, or Ickenden's, on the north side of the Ashford Road, 
originally formed part of the Old Surrendeu Estate, but was sold 
off by Mr. "Wood. 

Mr. Mold enlarged the house on Brissenden Farm and greatly 
improved the property, to which he made some additions, and gave 
it the name of " Oakhurst." He died 28 February 1901. 

Adjoining Oakhurst. at the extremity of the parish towards 
Woodchurch, is a small farm, now called " A'ine Hall," probably the 
abode, certainly the property, of a family named Vinoll who lived 
in Bethersden in 1-370. From Robert Vinoll it came by purchase 
to John Sharpe of New Inn, Middlesex, gent., a member of the 
family so long connected with this and the neighbouring parishes of 
Westwell and Great Chart. By will dated 12 November 1(507, he left 
to his second son. William Sharpe, "the possession and reversion 
of his house and land purchased of Nicholas Stither in Bethersden ; 
tour pieces of land bought of William Hukin, house and land lately 
purchased of Robert Vinoll ; and that called Stoggard's land, with 
land called Christenterne, containing by estimation fourteen acres, 
and one piece of land and woodland called Marthtield. the gift of 
bis father John Sharpe; an annuity of 20s. issuing out of two 
parcels of land called Great Wadden and Little AVadden in Beth- 



NOTES ON BETHEKSDEN. 203 

ersdcn," with the reversion of a ho.UB6 and land at Hi nihil! bought 
of Robert Stede, after the death of his wife Johane, to whom be 
gave, inter alia, "all that his Bedstedle and Bedd and all furniture 
thereunto belonging, in the chamber where she lyeth, with three 
pair of Sheets and three pair of Blanketts." 

In 1643 James Sharpe, gent., of Nash in Westwell, in view of a 
marriage between himself and Jane Randolph, daughter of William 
Randolph, gent., of Biddenden, deceased, covenanted to settle as a 
jointure "one messuage, one kitchen, one barn, two orchards, one 
close, and nine pieces of land, containing 33 acres in Bethersden, 
bounding N. to the King's Street and E. to the land of the heirs of 
Robert Piers. Also 8 pieces of pasture and wood, called Stalk's 
meadows and Gallants, containing 22 acres in Bethersden and 
Woodchurch, bounding W. to the lands of the said James Sharpe. 
Also 4 pieces containing 24 acres in Bethersden, bounding E. to 
lands now or late of Isaac Brissenden, S. Engham Farm. N. and W. 
the King's Street. Also 5 pieces pasture and wood containing 30 
acres, called Stogate in Woodchurch, bounding S. King's high way, 
E. land of David Dervit, N. and W. land of the said James Sharpe. 
Also 4 pieces of pasture and wood containing 17 acres, called 
Combarn Land and Combarns field in Bethersden, bounding E. and 
W. the lands of the said James Sharpe, N. lands of Laurence 
Brissenden. Also 6 pieces of land and 2 of wood called Christen - 
terne, containing 14 acres in Woodchurch, bounding a lane called 
Elfess. Also 3 pieces of Marshland containing 1(5 acres, called 
Smitherland in Snave. Also 2 messuages, 1 barn, 1 close, 2 orch- 
ards, 2 gardens, and 4 pieces of land and meadow containing 7 acres 
in Bethersden, bounding E. N. S. King's Street, and W. and N. to 
the lands of the Rectory and Manor of Bethersden. Also 1 piece 
of land containing 2\ acres in Bethersden, bounding S. N. E. land 
of heirs of Thomas Piers and the land of heirs of Sir William 
Lovelace, and W. to the common of pasture there called Lowood, late 
in tenure of Richard Bull and Miles Norrington." 

The same James Sharpe in 16S0 devised to his son Stephen a 
house in Bethersden Street, with lands thereto belonging, and lands 
in Woodchurch. Stephen Sharpe, 23 April 1713, gave his moiety 
of Nash and other property in Westwell, Bethersden, Woodchurch, 
and elsewhere, not previously bestowed, to his brother William. 

* Mr. R. Hovenden informs me he has seen another " settlement " of the 

same date, etc., containing the same names, but differing from this in tiie 
description of the lands. 



204 NOTES ON BETHERSDEN. 

Much of the Bethersden arid Woodchurch property came eventually, 
as we have seen, to the hrothers Avery, and at length by purchase 
to Mr. Mold, but Yinoll's passed by foreclosure of mortgage to the 
late Mr. Schreiber of Henhurst in Woodchurch, who, at his death 
1 May 1863, left it to his widow for life, with remainder to his 
nephew. 

The Sharpes were seated at Nin-house in Great Chart in the 
time of Henry VI. In Chart Church there was " in the middle 
aisle next the west end, a stone with the figures in brass of a man 
with his 5 wives, 3 on one side and 2 on the other, for "William 
Sharpe and his 5 wives. He died 29 Sept. 1499. In the cross aisle 
on a white stone a memorial for William Sharpe the elder, who died 
1583." John Sharpe was Churchwarden of AVestwell 1556. His 
son John Sharpe "of Westwell " in 1588 gave £50 to the Kent 
Aid for repelling the Armada. There is an inscription in Westwell 
Church to his memory: "Hie jacet corpus Johis Sharpe de Nash 
gen. a?tatis 60 afioru fil. Johis Sharpe de eadem defunct q obiit xii 
die Novembris anno Dfii 1607."' Several members of the family 
are interred in the Church, but the vault, which is beneath a chantry 
on the north side, was closed after the burial of Mr. Barling Sharpe, 
whose only surviving brother, Mr. William Sharpe of Baker's Cross, 
sold his estate of Nash to Lord Hothfield and died, the last of his 
race, 23 June 1891, aged 82. 

To these " Notes " I add a few particulars supplementary to the 
account in Archceologia Cantiana, Vol. XVI., of " Bethersden : its 
Church and Monumental Inscriptions" : — 

On the wall of the North, or Frid, Chapel of the Church, an 
ancient brass has been placed to the memory of " Lidia, wife of 
Edward Chut of Bethersden, esquire," who died in 1631. She was 
the daughter of Thomas Gibbon of Bethersden, a descendant of 
the Gibbons of Hole in Rolvenden, and was buried in the vault 
under the chapel, the brass being placed on the floor. Sometime 
before 1S57 the brass was removed to Hole. It has now been 
restored to the church whence it came. 

The wall between the churchyard and the high road was built in 
the iucumbency of the Rev. A. F. Smith, and not in that of the 
Rev. W. Clementeon, ;i^ I stated by mistake. 

The whole Tower, from the belfry floor to the summit, having 

• a into a dilapidated condition, was thoroughly repaired in L896, 
when the third hell, which had been broken, was re-cast by Mcars 
and Stainbank. 



NOTES ON BETHERSDEN. 205 

The fourth bell is one of the twenty-eight oldest bells in the 
Kingdom. It bears the inscription: "*J"Tn multis annis resonet 
Campana Johannis," and probably came from the London foundry 
of Peter de Weston, who carried on business from 1328 to 1348. 
Its size is 38 A inches. In the time of Edward VI. there were five 
great bells in the steeple, and a Sanctus bell. 

VlCAKS. 

The name of William Clerke should be inserted in the list of 
Vicars between Thomas Leche 1433 and William Thomas 1446. 

Of John Copley it may be added that he belonged to a Roman 
Catholic family, and was ordained a priest abroad, but joined the 
English Church in 1611, and published his reasons for so doing. 
His father w r as second cousin once removed to Queen Elizabeth, 
through the marriage of Anne Copley with Sir Geoffrey Boleyn. 
The Vicar was married three times. The first wife Rebecca Moone 
was buried at Pluckley 10 March 1622, as was the second, Alyce, 
31 August 1638. The third, Martha, lies with him at Ashford. 

The following inscription was formerly in Pluckley Church : 
" In Obitum Religiossimae Matronae Rebeccae uxoris Johannis Cop- 
ley Rectoris Hujus Ecclesiae Pluckley Nobili Mahunorum, alias 
Moonorum in Pago Cornovallensi Familia Oriuudae, Corpus Huic 
Sepulchro, Animam Legavit Deo, Decima Die Mensis Martii Ann. 
Peractae Salutis 1622. 

Here lies embalmd with teares within this tornbe 
All that was sublunarie of the moone. 
While this inferior orbe enioyd her shine, 
No Cynthia shewed a radiance more divine. 
Her change being come, heere her externe shell, 
Her essence farr beyond the moone doth dwell. 
Learne mortalls heavenly path with her to tread, 
Yoo shall immortall shine with her being dead. 

levit nepos mcestissimus. 

R. 0. FFenn" [?]. 

Richard Rands is described as " a man of good parts and sound 
principles, but full of vaiue, bragging discourse." He was Chaplain 
to Henry, 2nd Earl of Peterborough, and with him was joint author 
of " Halstead's Genealogies," a rare folio of family records, pub- 
lished in 1685, of which only some 24 copies were printed. He 
became Rector of Turvey, Beds, where, on a slab, is an inscription 



206 NOTES ON BETHERSDEN. 

to his memory : " Hie jacent reliqaise Bicardi Rands, hujue Ecelesiae 
Rectoris qui S v0 Die Februarij e vita Discessit, Anno Domini 1G99 
abatis suae G3." He belonged to the family seated at Radwell, 
Beds. 

Jonathan Whiston, " son of Mr. Jonathan Whiston, late of 
Northampton,'' graduated 1660. He left his wife, inter alia, "a 
piece of gold money as a curiosity, and all his plate, furniture, 
implements, etc., on condition that she pay £20 per ann. towards 
the maintenance of their -4 daughters," of whom Anne, the second, 
married Nathaniel Hulse of Canterbury, died 21 April 1749, and 
was buried at St. Andrew's in that city. Into the possession of her 
descendant, Mr. A. E. Roberts of "West Norwood, passed from her 
(as he believes) the original of the beautiful pedigree of the Hulse 
Family, of which Hasted made the copy now in the British Museum. 
Licence was granted 2 May 1G98 for the marriage at Hinxhill of 
Thomas Booth, widower, of Ashford, and Aphra Whistone, widow, 
of Bethersden. 

Henry Hughes was a Minor Canon of Canterbury. His son 
and successor, Simon Hughes, was baptized in the Cathedral 
23 January 1676. 

Henry Kent, son of Henry Kent, gent., of Potterne, Wilts, 
matriculated 1737, aged 18. 

William Clementson died at Tunbridge Wells, 1896, aged 75. 

Endowment of the Lovelace Chantry. [Liber Eccles. 1535.] 

" The certificat of S r Morys Griffith chauntre prest there. 

First a mansion house worthe yerly vj viij 

It" 1 xl acres of land called Marie, worthe yerly xxxviij iiij 
It" 1 xxij acres of land worthe yerly xxv 

It m xx acres of land worthe yerly xxx 

It" 1 vj acres of land called Burghefeld, worthe yerly vj viij 
rt m vj acres of land called Oldland, worthe yerly xiij 
It m xvj acres of land called Boreherst, worthe yerly xiiij 
It m viij acres of land called Welynden, worthe yerly viij 
It" 1 certen lands lying at Romney in the marshe 
called Brokeland, worthe yerly vj 

Sma vij vij viij 

Whereof deduct for rents resolute yerly xvijs 

So resteth de claro vj x viij 
X ma inde xiij-ob' q 1 ." 



NOTES ON BETHERSDEN. 207 

"In the Parochial Accounts the following very unusual entry 
appears : — 

1552. Item a base peare of organes. 

"The use of the word 'base ' is unique, and it is not clear to 

\\!i it peculiarity it might have referred, if indeed to any at all." — 
Archceological Journal, 1888, p. 15(5. 

9 May 1658, there was collected in Bethersden Church, "for the 
reliefe of the distressed Protestants, the sum of twenty-eight 
shillings and three pence," as was testified by Andrew Symson, 
Minister, and John Dyne and John Waterman, Churchwardens. 

The "Protestants" in question were "churches driven out of 
Poland, and 20 families driven out of the confines of Bohemia." 

.Among the Dering MSS. were the following documents: — 

1357. Jo de Malemayes confirms land in Bethersden to Roger 
de Haulo and Joan his wife. 

1301. John de Surrynden of Pluckley confirms land in Beth- 
ersden to Sir Win. de Redlyngg, Rector of Pluckley, and others. 

1391. John Surrynden of Pluckley confirms lands and tenements 
to Bocherfuller and others. 

1391. John Surrynden, John Haute, and Christina de Haute, 
conditions of feoffments of lands to John Bocherfuller and others. 

1397. John Bocherfuller and others of Pluckley to John Sur- 
rynden of Pluckley, lease for life of lands in Bethersden. 

1595. Accounts of the "Administrators "of Laurence Crouchman. 



13 Richard 2, 1389. The King granted to William Elys of 
Canterbury, among oilier property lately belonging to the attainted 
Robert Belknap, "un. pastur. vocat. Berbobvndenne in Beatrichs- 
denne et Woodchurch." 

2 Henry 5, 1414. Bertram de Wylmyngton had in " Beteresden 
lxxx acr' pastur' et c acr' bosc' vocat' Grete Lamberden, unum 
mes' vocat' Inner Court, unum mes' vocat' Outer Court, clxxvj 
acr' pastur' et xxiiij acr' bosci." 

Lamberden Wood is still called by the name it bore 500 years ago. 



208 NOTES ON BETHERSDEN. 

I end my " Notes " with two extracts, one from an old poster 
in which the last <; Squire Witherden " figures : — 

" Cricket Extraordinary 

On Friday, 13 August 1813, a Single Match of Cricket was 
played upon the Goodwin Sands, between Mr. Thomas Elgar of 
Kamsgate and four gentlemen of that town, and Mr. George 
Witherden of Bethersden and four gentlemen of the Isle of Thanet, 
after which the health of His Majesty King George the Third was 
drank with three times three." 

The Witherden party scored 22, their opponeuts 21. 

The other from a letter, dated 15 July 1858, addressed to me by 
the late W. W. T. Baldwin, Esq., of Stede Hill, Harrietsham, owner 
of Lovelace and Frid Farms : — 

" I remember when there was no hard road to approach the 
Village, aud I accompanied my good Father in his Carriage as far 
as the bottom of Sir Edward Bering's park at Ford Mill, where we 
were met by the Tenant of Frid Farm in his dung cart, with a 
board nailed across as a temporary seat for the Squire and his son. 
We arrived in due course, and in summer, when days were long, 
found time to return without disaster, but it was a long day's 
operation." 



( 209 ) 



NOTE 

ON THE SO-CALLED 

TOMB OF THE COUNTESS OF AT1IOL 

in Tin: 

CATHEDRAL CHURCH OF CANTERBURY. 

BY W. U. ST. JOHN HOPE, M.A. 

In St. Gabriel's chapel in the crypt of the cathedral church 
<if Canterbury, and under the easternmost of the two 
arches between the chapel and the crypt ambulatory, is a 
tomb surmounted by an effigy, which has from time im- 
memorial been known as that of Isabel, Countess of Athol, 
who died in 1292. 

The tomb has been sadly injured, and now consists of a 
stone step, on which stands the rubble core of the tomb 
itself, with the freestone effigy of a lady on top. When 
John Dart published his History and Antiquities of the 
Cathedral Church of Canterbury in 1726, the tomb seems to 
have been complete, and his engraving of it shews that the 
Bides were decorated with traceried panels containing shields 
of arms. From a few remaining fragments it is evideni 
that the sides and ends of the tomb were wrought in 
alabaster. 

A short time ago, arising out of a suggestion that the 
tomb should be restored by the present representatives of 
the Countess of Athol, I was led to examine it. A very 
superficial survey shewed that instead of commemorating a 
lady who died in \'2'J-. the tomb was at least a century and 
a half later, and it was quite impossible to connect the 
heraldry displayed in Dart's engraving with any Countess of 
At !,..l at all. 

The engraving in question represents the north side of 

the tomb, which apparently then stood against a blocking 
vol. xxvn. p 



210 TOMB OF THE COUNTESS OF ATHOL IN 

wall to the south, and shews three shields within the traceried 
panels. Of these the two end shields bore the same arms, 
three cinque/oils, and the middle one a trivet.* 

So manv families bore or bear three cinquefoils for their 
arms that in the absence of information as to the tinctures 
it was useless to try and trace them, but a trivet is a very 
rare charge borne allusively by several branches of the 
Tryvet family. 

The effigy of the lady so closely resembles that of 
Philippa, Duchess of York (ob. 1431), in the chapel of 
St. Nicholas in Westminster abbey church, and the two 
tombs were so obviously originally of the same character 
and from the same workshop, as to suggest a search for a 
lady bearing the name of Tryvet who could have been 
buried at Canterbury about the same time, and for whom a 
tomb could have been made by the same carvers. 

The result of the search was most encouraging. In 
Archbishop Chichele's Begisterf at Lambeth is the will, 
dated 28th July 1421, of one Elizabeth Tryvet, She says 
nothing about herself, but desires 

corpus meuin fore sepeliendum in ecclesia Christi Can- 
tuariensis si in Comitatu Kancie me obire contigerit; 

and her first bequest is : 

Item lego eidem ecclesie unum vestimentum de rubeo 
velveto cum tunica et dalmatica et capa de eodem albis et 
aliis apparatis ad eadem. 

On the verso is the following, which tells us a little more : 

Hec est voluntas et legacio Elizabet que 

fuit uxor Thome Tryvet militis 

In primis voluit et legavit Priori ecclesie Christi Cantuar. unum 

let-turn de viridi cerico cum curtenis et cum apparatu altaris. Item 

unum vestimentum de velvet videlicet pro presbitero diacono et 

subdiacono cum una capa de eadem secta. Item unum calicem 

unum oeculatorium argenteum deauratum et duas fiolas de argento 

una cum aliis rebus usque ad summam centum marcarum (= £GG 

13*. 4(?. ). 

* Some writers, who knew not what a trivet was, have mistaken this charge 
for the three conjoincl legs in the arms of the Isle of Man. 
+ Vol. i. f. 442. 



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THE CATHEDHAL C11U11C11 OP CANTERBURY. 21] 

Other legacies follow, which do not concern us now. 
The will was proved 17th December 1433. 

Who Elizabeth Try vet was is somewhat uncertain, beyond 
the fact that she was the wife of Sir Thomas Tryvet, a 
knight who owned property in Somerset, Kent, and other 
counties, and was appointed in or about 188(3 tin- Kin. 
Admiral in the South and West ; he died in 1388. According 
to Beltz "the Lady de Trivet" was one of the ladies who 
were decorated with robes of the Order of the Garter in 
1390, notwithstanding that her husband was not a knighl 
of the Order;* and she was again provided with robes of 
the Order in 1399. f She must therefore have been in high 
favour at Court during the reign of Richard II. Belt/, also 
states that she "was daughter and heir of sir Philip Tim- 
bury, and been first married to Thomas Swinbonrne, esq.";| 
Who Sir Philip Timbury was I have not yet made out, but 
the Rev. F. W. Weaver informs me that there was a family 
of Tymbury resident in Somerset, who seem to have been 
yeomen or small gentry. Mr. Weaver also points out that 
Thomas Swyn borne, knight, and Elizabeth Try vet his wife 
presented to the living of Otterhampton,§ Somerset, in 
1406, and the latter again presented to it in 1431, when 
she is called relicta Thome Trevet militis. Swynborne was 
therefore her second husband, and not the first, as stated by 
Beltz. 

Sir Thomas Swynborne probably belonged to the 
Northumbrian and Durham family of that name, who bore : 
Per f ess gules and silver, three cinquefoils, the one of the other ; 
and these are no doubt the arms formerly on the Canterbury 
tomb. 

Elizabeth Tryvet survived her second husband until 1433, 
when she died seized of lands in Somerset and Kent, in eluding 

* G. F. Beltz, Memorials of the Order of the Garter (London, 1841), 252. 

t Hid. 255. 

% Ibid. 252, note 2. 

§ The manor of Otterhampton, with the advowson of the cburch, was one of 
the properties of Sir Thomas Tryvet (Inq. p.m. 12 Richard II. No. 52), which 
passed to his wife Elizabeth on his death, and of which she was possessed at 
the date of her own death (Inq. p.m. 12 Henry VI. No. 35). She was then 
described as " Elizabetha que fuit uxor Thome Tryvet militis defuucti." 

r 2 



212 TOMB OF THE COUNTESS OF ATHOL. 

in the latter count}- the manors of Bocton Alulph and 
Stoutinsr, with the advowsons of both the churches. 

Seeing how liberal a benefactor Lady Tryvet was to the 
Prior and Convent of Canterbury, there is no difficulty in 
supposing that she found the honourable burial in the 
cathedral church which she desired, and the heraldic 
evidence, as well as the date of the effigy, are, I think, 
conclusive that her tomb is that under notice. 

The effigy is that of an elderly lady in an underdress 
with tightly buttoned sleeves, which shew at the wrists ; a 
long girded gown which covers the feet, with the sleeves 
turned up at the wrists like cuffs; and an ample mantle. 
The head is covered by (1) the barbe or chin band of plaited 
linen, which also covers the throat, (2) a linen hood closely 
fitting the face, (3) a cap or veil with finely crimped border, 
and (4) a second veil or hood, also with a narrow crimped or 
pleated edging, which hangs over the shoulders. The head 
rests upon two pillows, the upper of which is set athwart 
the l«»wer, supported originally by two sitting angels, now 
sadly mutilated ; beneath the feet is a dog. The hands are 
broken away. 

The effigy was originally painted : the gown black, the 
mantle black with a lining that may have been a dark green, 
and the second veil white. Of the two pillow's, the upper 
was red and the lower blue. The angels were clothed in 
black, and the dog was also black. 

I have to thank the Rev. F. W. Weaver, M.A., F.S.A., 
for his information as to the genealogical history of Lady 
Tryvet, and Mr. W. D. Caroe, M.A., F.S.A., for inducing 
me to set on foot this enquiry, which has, I trust, settled 
the identity of the tomb. 



( 213 ) 



VISITATIONS OF THE ARCHDEACON OF 
CANTERBURY.* 

BY ARTHUR HUSSEY. 

SEASALTER. 

[Note.— The nave of the old Church of St. Alphage, Seaaalter, 
was pulled down in 1845, and the chancel was left standing for 
funeral services. The new Church was built in High Street, 
Whitstable, on the extreme end of Seasalter parish.] 

1560. Simon Swarton, for keeping of the bible. They have do 
curate. The chancel windows and church windows are in decay. 

Vol. 1560- 34. 

1561. That M r Wootton of Heme keepeth our bible from us, 
aud the money thereof* also. 

That their Bells are stolen away, and were conveyed to M' 
Lynches house at Sandwich. 

They neither have bible nor paraphrase. Their Eegister is not 
kept, nor hath not been kept this two years, for lack of a curate. 

Their chancel windows are in great decay. (Fol. 12.) 

Vol. 1561-2. 

1569. That the chancel is out of repairs, in the default of 
Christ Church, Canterbury. 

They have no vicar there these eighteen years, the Parson [or 
EectorJ is Christ Church. 

They have had no sermons this three years but one. 

That Thomas Leavett is a sower of discord in the parish, 
between neighbour and neighbour, man and wife, not paying the 
clerk's wages or conformable to no good order. Vol. 1569. 

Visitation of Archbishop Parker, 1569. — Rectory. Impropriator. 
Christ Church, Canterbury. Vicarage, vacant because in ruin and 
too great taxation. Curate, none. 

Houses in the parish ... 26 
Communicants .... 78 (Fol. 59. 1 
* Continued from Vol. XXVI., p. 50. 



214 VISITATIONS OF THE 

1-374. Our chancel is unrepaired. We have had hut two 
sermons this two years. (Fol. 55.) Vol. 1574—76. 

1577. They lack a cover of silver for their Communion Cup. 
(Fol. 0.) 

That the parish did cess John Bassett at two pence a quarter, 
and think him well ahle to pay three pence a quarter, and he will 
pay nothing to the [parish] clerk for his wages. (Fol. 13.) 

Eobert Sawyer is cessed at three pence a quarter, and he will 
pay but two pence, and we think him able to pay three pence to the 
clerk for his wages. 

Thomas Aldy also was cessed at two pence a quarter, for the 
clerk's wages ; he will pay nothing, and he is a married man, and 
hath dwelt this five or six years from his wife. (Fol. 14.) 

Vol. 1577—85. 

1585. Fpon "Wednesdays and Fridays the service hath not been 
said. 

The vicarage-house hath been let come to decay, and not 
sufficiently repaired by M r Gardiner, who was vicar of the same, 
now deceased. (Fol. 22.) 

The parsonage is let go to reparations. 

"We have a fair bible, but not the same which is called the 
Bishop's bible. (Fol. 23.) 

1590. "We have not had our quarter sermons ; we have had but 
one this twelvemonth. 

Our vicarage-house is greatly in decay. (Fol. 55.) 

1591. "William Bridge, the churchwarden, for that he negli- 
gently cometh to Church. 

On the 20th January, when Bridge appeared in Court, he stated : 
That he being sometime in her Majesty's >ervice and on the sea, 
whereby lie is not at his Parish Church ; but when he is at home, lie 
usetb to come thither diligently. (Fol. 106.) Vol. 1584—95. 

L602. Christopher Browne of Seasalter, baptised his child at 
Whitstable the twentieth of February, notwithstanding he was 
admonished by -M r llufl'.ini [Vicar, 159(5 — 1611] that it mighl not 
be done without danger of law. M' Cocke of Whitstable baptised 
this child. (Fol. 12.) 

loos. Richard Peartfon, Eor his misbehaviour and opprobrious 
railing kind of speeches, uttered at divers times to divers of the 



ARCHDEACON OF OANTBRBUEY. 216 

parishioners of Seasalter, and especially for thai be on Monday last 
in Easter week, in the Church of Seasalter, after Divine Service, to 
the offence of his neighbours, reviled one Bartholomew M 
being churchwarden, and others also, calling him rogue. (Fol. l 

Vol. L601— 6. 

That the glass is broken in sonic places of our chancel, but it 
shall shortly be repaired again, and all other things about our 
Church and chancel is sufficiently kepi and maintained. (I'd. 25 

Vol. L606— 10. 

1614. Thomas Clinton of Seasalter, for that he went to plough 
on St. Matthias Day last, being holyday, in the time of Divine 
Service, and all other most pari of the said day, as the common 
fame is in our parish. (Fol. 137. ) 

William Long, for suffering his cattle, borse beasts, or other 
cattle, and one of his servants to work and labour in the fields ol 
the said parish upon St. Matthias day last past in the time of 
Divine Service, and all or the most part of the said day, as the 
common fame is in our parish. (Fol. 138.) 

Thomas Beale of Seasalter, for causing a child or infant of his 
to be baptised in the Parish Church of Whitstable, contemning or 
neglecting his own Parish Church of Seasalter. 

On the fourth day of April he appeared in Court and confessed: 
That he, the said Thomas Beale, had a child christened in the 
Parish Church of Whitstable, but that was upon this occasion, viz., 
for that the same Sunday the minister of Seasalter did say service 
at Whitstable. and he dwelleth nearer Whitstable Church than 
he doth to Seasalter, and not in contempt or neglecl of his own 
Parish Church, as is detected.* (Fol. 138.) 

Nicholas Porte and his wife, for seating of himself and his wife 
in the uppermost seat of the Church without consent of the church- 
wardens or leave of the < Ordinary. 

On the twentieth day of January L615 Porte appeared in the 
Court and said : That he and his wife have seated thi selves 
in a seat belonging to the house where he now dwelleth, and that 
he and his wife Bome twelve years agone or thereabout, when as 

* Edward Goniston, Vicar L611— 1661, also of Whitstable 1611 I ■•■'■7 II 
died in 1661. On 7 August L636 information \\:i- apparently sent privat 
to Archbishop Laud of the scandalous ergymen beneficed in 

or near Canterbury, the most common offence being tavern-haunting and 
drunkenness, and on the list is Eei Gonistone, Vicar v ber and Curat 
Whitstable.— CaL of State Papers, L636-7, p. B9, 



216 VISITATIONS OF THE 

lie dwelt in the same parish of Seasalter, and in the same house 
where he now dwelleth, did sit in the seat detected without con- 
strainment. (Fol. 146.) 

1616. Christopher Tilman of Selling, for refusing to pay his 
cess for the repairing of the Parish Church of Seasalter, the cess 
being made in March last, £3 13s. (Fol. 225.) 

Robert Bowlder of the parish of Whitstable, for not paying 
his cess, which he is cessed towards the repairing of the Church of 
Seasalter, for such lands as he doth occupy in our said parish, the 
cess being two shillings. (Fol. 227.) 

Andrew Pettit of Graveney, for denying to pay his cess towards 
the reparation of the Parish Church of Seasalter, he being cessed 
at twenty shillings. (Fol. 241.) 

I, Richard Penson, churchwarden of the parish of Seasalter, do 
present John Pullman of the parish of Swalecliff for denying to 
pay his cess towards the reparation of the Parish Church of Seasalter, 
he being lawfully cessed for such lands as he occupieth in the said 
parish of Seasalter at the sum of twelve shillings of good English 
money, and the cess wherein he is so cessed beareth date and was 
made the twenty-third day last past 1616. (Fol. 242.) 

Also M r Christopher Tilman of Selling, for denying to pay his 
cess towards the reparation of the Church, £4 18s. 8d. (Fol. 2-l'2.) 

Robert Saver of St. John's in Thanet for the like, twenty 
shillings. 

When Sayer, on the twenty-third day of September, appeared in 
Court, he alleged : That he hath not nor had not in his occupation 
at the time of the cess making above half an acre of land and an 
house situated in the parish of Seasalter, for which house and land 
he hath already paid of late towards the repairing of Seasalter 
( Jhurch the sum of twenty shillings upon a former cess. (Fol. 243.) 

John Deare, for the like of Whitstable, £3 4s. 

Thomas lllenden of Whitstable, for denying to pay his cess 
and giving ill speeches to the Court, his cess being Is. On the 
twenty-third of September, when Lllenden appeared in Court, he 
affirmed: Thai be hath satisfied and paid to Penson, churchwarden 
fit' .Seasalter, the cess detected. ( Fol. 214.) 

Thomas Crathome, victualer, for suffering William the son of 
John Menvil and other his consorts to play at cards in the time of 
Divine Service upon Sunday, then found by the sidesman Nathan 
Flee her. 



ARCHDEACON OF CANTERBURY. 217 

On the second day of December Crathorne stated : That William 
the son of John Menvil did play at cards as is detected, but saith 
that it was against his will, and that he was himself at Church at 
the time. (Fol. 252.) 

Alice the wife of Thomas Crathorne, for a common swearer and 
a brawling scowld, and withal will be drunk exceedingly. (Pol. 253.) 

Edward Fedge, for a quarreling drunkard both at home and 
abroad. (Fol. 245.) 

We, the churchwardens and sidesmen whose names are here- 
under subscribed, do present Thomas Ovver of the parish of Sea- 
salter : — 

1. For not coming to Church duly upon sabbath days. 

2. For disturbing the churchwarden in the business belonging 
to his office, and in causing of troubles in setting the whole parish 
together by the ears. 

3. For not standing up at the time of the Creed, and when the 
Gospel is read, according to the canons in that case provided. 

4. Because he did use unreverent speeches to the churchwarden, 
etc. Vol. 1610—17, Part I. 

1617. We, the churchwardens of the parish of Seasalter, do 
present Stephen Sayer, late of our parish, and now of the parish of 
Hearne, for refusing to pay the sum of twenty-three shillings for 
a cess made the fourth day of March last, for certain lands lying in 
our parish of Seasalter three shillings, and his ability, being an 
indweller at the time of the making of his cess, twenty shillings. 
(This amount he paid in Court to the Churchwardens.) (Fol. 17.) 

Vol. 1616—18. 

1619. Our chancel is much decayed in the pavement thereof, 
which is broken up, and the clerk's seat broken. One Johu Milksted 
of our parish farmeth the parsonage. (Fol. 59.) 

1620. Thomas Breade of the parish, for profaning the sabbath 
by making of hay, in shaking the straw about, and pouting the 
same, a little after evening prayer, upon one sabbath day only, 
when he was both at morning and evening prayer. 

William Menvill of the parish, for going to sea upon the 
sabbath days in the time of Divine Service with passengers. (Fol. 99.) 

1622. Anthony Haddes, victualer, of our parish of Seasalter, 
for calling of Thomas Crathorne, one of the churchwardens of the 
same parish, "prating, lying old knave," or the like foul terms in 



218 VISITATIONS OF THE 

effect, which words the said Hadde did utter to, and of him the 
said churchwarden, upon a Sunday in the afternoon, after evening 
prayer, happening since the Feast of St. John the Baptist last past 
in the Church of Seasalter aforesaid, and upon this occasion and 
no other he used these words with others, for that the church- 
wardens had caused one of the sidesmen of the same parish to go 
unto the house of the said Haddes to see what company he had in 
his house in the time of Divine Service. (Fol. 156.) 

Vol. 1610—17, Part II. 

1689. John Mildnell of the parish, for not tileing the chancel. 

On the fifteenth day of May he appeared and alleged that he is 
at present tenant to the Tithes of Seasalter, and that M r Elliott, 
who is the immediate tenant to the Church of Canterbury, of whom 
the same is held in lease, hath ordered him to repair the chancel 
presented, and he will take care to repair the same by Michaelmas 
next. (Fol. 153.) Vol. 1675—89. 



SWALECLIFFE. 



1560. They present that the servant of Thomas Lowne hath 
sixteen pence in money belonging to the Church, which they 
cannot have. Vol. 1560 — 84. 

1561. They lack the Homilies and Psalter. That the youth of 
this parish do come seldom to the Church. Vol. 1561-2. 

1565. Our Church is in great decay, and like to come to utter 
ruin unless some speedy remedy may be had therein, for the parish 
is so poor that they are not able to repair the same, unless they 
may have some help of the land within the parish, whereof we 
would pay two pence the acre, which would amount to the sum of 
£8 ; and we think our Church and the keeping of the churchyard 
will stand us more. Vol. L565. 

l">c>7. We present that the Church is not glazed, by means 
whereof the doves and other fowls defile their Church, and the 
parish is no1 able to mend the same, without it may please you thai 

tin- resl of the ccs^ thai was made may lie levied, which we cai I 

unless we have your aid. The churchyard is not enclosed, and 
di^' up the graves there, which is not comely or meet. 

Vol. 1566-7. 



AHCHDEACON OF CANTERBURY. 219 

1569. That the place where the altar stood is not paved, and 
we lack a cloth to lay uppermost on the table. 

The churchyard is not enclosed. 

That our Parson hath one other benefice, called Luddenham, 
beside Faversham, and that as he saith is letten out to farm. 

That one Alexander Consant received a cow which belonged to 
the Church, and hath not made an account to the parish for her. 

Vol. 1569. 

Archbishop Parker's Visitation, 1569. — Eectory. Patron, The 
Lord of Somerset. Sector, George Bassett, who is married and 
lives there ; he has also the llectory of Luddenham, in the Deanery 
of Ospringe; he is hospitable according to his means 5 does not 
preach, has no licence to preach, and is not a graduate. 
Houses in the parish ... 10 
Communicants .... 29 (Fol. 59.) 

1578. We lack a cover to our Communion Cup and a surplice, 
and our Church is not repaired. (Fol. 5.) 

1579. Our Church is not repaired, nor the churchyard fenced. 
(Fol. 55.) 

1581. We lack a cover to our Communion Cup. Our church- 
yard is now well enclosed. (Fol. 104.) Vol. 1577 — 85. 

1596. M r Corke, Rector of Swaylecliff [1587—1610] and 
Curate of Whitstable. 

1. That when excommunications sent out of this Court come 
into his hands he keepeth them and doth not announce them 
accordingly. 

2. That he suffereth excommunicated persons to come and 
resort in his Parish Church in time of Divine Service, so knowing 
them so to stand excommunicate. 

3. That he useth to alter the penance both for the time and 
manner of such as have been enjoined their penance in his parish 
by order of this Court, and namely of one Simons. 

4. That he keepeth in his hand certain briefs and the moiiey 
by them collected, and will return neither money nor briefs as he 
ought so to do. 

5. That he useth to marry divers persons [in] times prohibited 
without licence from the Ordinary. When he appeared in Court 



220 VISITATIONS OF THE 

he said : That he kept in his hand certain list of excommunications 
sent out against one Fuller and warnings for not being examined, 
being witnesses sworn in this Court at this person's suit against one 
John Sant, and warned them not, because the said suit being 
agreed before the said case were come to his hand he thought it 
needless to demand them, and hath suffered the said parties to 
come to Church to Divine Service, they yet standing so excommuni- 
cate. 

Thirdly, that whereas the said Simons was enjoined penance to 
be performed in time of Divine Service in a sheet, he suffered him 
to do it before service began without any sheet at all, contrary to 
the schedule which came into his hands in that behalf. And as to 
the 4 and 5, that since Christmas last he married one Kemp and 
his wife at Swaylecliffe, being parishioners. (Fol. 31.) 

Vol. 1584—95, Part II. 

1606. That our churchwarden of the last year hath not as yet 
given up his account, neither do we know when he will. (Fol. 28.) 

Vol. 1606—10. 

1607. Our chancel is in decay in the tiles, glass, with the 
pavement thereof, in default of M r Corke our parsou. (Fol. 76.) 

1608. William Corke, clerk, our parson, for that he doth not 
at any time instruct the youth and ignorant persons of our parish 
in the Ten Commandments and articles of the belief, and in the 
Lord's Prayer, or instruct them in the Catechism. 

The said M r Corke, our parson, for that the chancel wanteth 
tiling and glazing, and the chancel door is broken. (Fol. 162.) 

1616. The fence of our churchyard is somewhat decayed, 
which we purpose to repair as soon as we conveniently may. 

Vol. 1610—17. 

1639. Alexander Oliver, for that he refuseth to pay his cess 
for ability, being ceesed at 7s. id. towards the reparation of the 
( "hurch. 

On the twenty-sixth of June he appeared in Court and confessed 
that lie is much over ceesed in the cess withoul any just cause at 
all, only upon the resolute determination of John Ewell, the now 
churchwarden, thai bo he should be cessed let him defend it as he 
could. (Fol. 7.) Vol. 1639—81. 



ARCHDEACON OF CANTERBURY. 221 

1662 Fox, wife of Henry Fox of the said parish, for 

practising midwifery without licence. (Fol. 184.) Vol. 1639—66. 

1679 Cuckow, rector of the parish, for not repairing of 

his parsonage and barn. 

On the 7th day of November the Rector appeared in Court and 
said : That as to the barn and that part of the barn presented, 
namely the thatching and timber work, lie doth say it is in good 
repair, but the doors of the said barn and the timber thereof are 
altogether decayed, which he is willing and will repair by the Feast 
of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin, which time is allotted 
to him by the Surrogate of this Court, and to certify of the said 
repair the next Court day after the time limited for the repair of 
the barn. (Fol. 23.) Vol. 1675—89. 

170G. Robert Flatman of the Nunnery of St. Sepulchre, near 
Canterbury, presented from Swaylecliff for the non payment of two 
cesses, 20s. 

Stephen Brown of Canterbury, also for non-payment of one 
church cess, 7s. (Fol. 76.) Vol 1G78— 1735. 



WESTBERE. 



1560. The parsonage is in decay, John Coppin and John 
Child having the sequestration. Vol. 15G0 — 84. 

1569. That when the parson is absent the parish clerk readeth 
the service. 

That the Parson is not resident upon his benefice. 

That Matthew Tanner and one Thomas, servant unto M 1 ' Giles, 
have not received the Communion at Easter last past nor since then. 

That the parson there hath two benefices, one in Essex, and the 
other Westbere, and that he keepeth no hospitality. 

William Symon, Robert Kenne, Nicholas Lovett, and Matthew 
Tanner, for that they dwell so far from their own Church come now 
to the Parish Church of Westbere. And for that William Symon 
and his household have not received the Communion in the year 
according to the ministrations. 

That Robert Holte is a sorcerer as it is thought, and that he 
hath been suspected in times past of the same thing. Vol. 15G9. 



222 VISITATIONS OF THE 

Archbishop Parkers Yisitalion, 1569. — Eectory. Patron, The 
Queen. Rector, Magister Edward Barker, B.D., who is married, 
and resides there ; has one benefice ; is hospitable ; he preaches, 
and lias a licence to preach. 

Houses in the parish . . 21 

Communicants ... 80 

L577. We lack a cover of silver to our Communion Cup ; we 
have a cover but not of silver.* 

Edmund Allen hath not been at Church above twice these seven 
weeks, and the churchwardens have demanded the cause thereof, 
and he answereth them that he will answer it himself. (Fol. 3.) 

157S. Our parsonage, barn, and other the out-houses are not 
repaired. Our parson is not resident, neither doth he give anything 
to the poor. Y\ r e have had but one sermon this three quarters of a 
year. (Fol. 55.) Vol. 1577—85. 

1G00. That our Church porch wanteth sufficient reparations 
(Fol. 219.) 

Also we present our Minister for that neither he nor any other 
for him hath preached in our Church by the space of one whole 
year. (Fol. 250.) Vol. 1581-95, Part II. 

1G02. Our Church steeple wanteth reparation by reason that 
the timber within the steeple is loose and ready to decay. (Fol. 6.) 

Gilbert Hopkin refuses to pay a cess for the reparation of the 
steeple, the sum of nine shillings. (Fol. 22.) 

1G03. Gilbert Hopkin of our parish, for that he refuseth to 
pay a cess which is made for the reparation of our Church and the 
steeple, he being cessed at Is. Gd. (Fol. G2.) 

1601. John Johnson and Thomas Adams, dwelling not far 
from Piiishbourne and in Westbere parish as the common fame and 
opinion is, for that by the space of these seven months last past 
have not frequented the Church of Westbere, neither have they 
received the Holy Communion in the said Church these seven 
months last past. (Fol. 100.) Vol. 1601— 6. 



* The present paten cover is inscribed 1578. (See Archceolojia Cantiana, 
Vol. XVI., p. 377.) 



ARCHDEACON OF CANTERBURY. 223 

WHITSTABLE. 

15G0. They have no Curate. Those whose names follow do not 
come to Church : Richard Lemas, John Wraye, Humphrey Selherst, 
John Spererooffe. Vol. 1500—84. 

1501. They liave neither parson nor vicar. Vol. 1501-2. 

1502. That the parsonage is in decay, the fault thereof is in 
the Bishop of Canterbury. Vol. 1502-3. 

1509. That there are divers that have not communicated 
according to the laws appointed, whose names shall be certified in 
writing with as much speed as may be possible. 

That our Curate hath a benefice which is a mile or so, called 
Swalcliffe, and is resident upon the same, and he saith he came by 
it lawfully. 

That William Holoway doth refuse to pay anything to the poor 
man's box, and is found able by the parish. Vol. 1509. 

Archbishop Parker s Visitation, 1509. — Rectory. Impropriator, 
The Abp. of Canterbury. Curate, George Bassett, Rector of 
Swaylecliff. 

Houses in the parish . . 95 

Communicants . . . .288 (Fol. 59.) 

1578. Our chancel is not sufficiently repaired for lack of 
glazing. Also our parson hath not preached nor caused to be 
preached any sermons this year. 

It was stated in Court : There had been five sermons or there- 
abouts within these twelve months preached in the Parish Church 
of Whitstable by M 1 " George Bassett and M r Albert Bassett his 
son, by my lord's appointment, they being public preachers lawfully 
licensed. 

John Wilkins be slothful in coming to the Church, and because 
he is a poor man we cannot take the fine of twelve pence. (Fol. 30.) 

1579. Andrew Smith and William Smith, for that they have 
not had our chancel paved and decently amended where the ground 
was broken to bury John Smith and his wife, their uncle and aunt, 
and they being administrators to his goods. (Fol. 74.) 

1582. They have no silk cushion for the pulpit. (Fol. 98.) 



224 VISITATIONS OF THE 

1584. John Smethe the younger, for felling a great oak growing 
upon the Church land and yelling the same from the ground, whereas 
now we stand in lack of the same to repair our Church. 

William Collis, harrowing on Sunday and in the time of Divine 
Service. Vol. 1577 — 85. 

15S6. Thomas Lewes, butcher, for keeping open his shop on 
the holy days in the time of Divine Service, and keeping open liis 
shop on the Sundays, and for unreverent behaving himself to the 
Minister. (Fol. 33.) 

1591. AVe, the churchwardens and sidesmen of Norton, present 
John Halfnothe of Wbitstable, late churchwarden of our parish [Nor- 
ton], for that he plucked down when he was warden our font made of 
stone and lead, very comely and handsome, and instead thereof hath 
placed a far worse made of a piece of wood or timber of joiner's 
work, and also a bason in it, which also our Minister misliketh. 

On the 7th day of July when Halfnothe appeared in Court 
he stated : That he, being churchwarden of Norton, did take down 
a font made of stone and lead standing in the Church there, which 
he did for that the said font was broke in the bottom, both in the 
lead and stone work, and stood very un6tly and unseemly in the 
Church there, not being used for the administrations of the 
sacrament of baptism by the space of twenty years together, and 
instead thereof he set up a new one in the Church with the consent 
of the parishioners much better and more convenient than the other, 
being of wainscot and covered decently, but he saith that the 
water therein is held in a bason. (Pol. 91.) 

1592. John Sawer and William Mason, for brawling and 
chiding in the churchyard one Sunday, and for fighting one other 
Sunday. (Fol. 125.) 

L594. We present that the chest wherein the stock of the 
Church and poor with the evidences and writings of account lieth 
hath but one lock, which is in the keeping of our churchwarden, 
whereby sometimes the said evidences and bill of accounts are 
beaselled [embezzled] away. 

There is a great want of a comely pew and desk for our Minister 
to read the chapters and Divine Service, to stand in some heighth 
that the people may the better hear. 



ARCHDEACON OF CANTERBURY. 225 

That there was a cope of red branched damask sold by John 
Harker when he was last churchwarden, and he hath not brought in 
his account of the said cope since 1587, and he detaineth a piece of 
evidence which was delivered him by the clerk the same year afore- 
said. (Pol. 149.) 

We present that the whole frame which our bells hangeth in is 
greatly decayed, and also divers pews in our Church are out of 
repair. The pew for our Minister that was presented the last year 
is not yet made and begun. (Fol. 157.) 

John Harker, the younger, for withholding some portion of the 
poor's money since he was collector for the poor the last year. 
(Fol. 157.) 

1595. We present our Minister for not saying service in due 
time and sometimes not at all. 

2. Also Wednesdays and Fridays we have no prayers as we 
ought. 

3. Our Minister doth not catechise our children and servants 
as he ought to do. (Fol. 176.) 

1596. We have not the first and second tomes of Homilies. 
(Fol. 176.) Vol. 1584—95. 

1597. John Newstreet, that he hath taken upon himself to prove 
by his oath that one Simons of Whitstable had done his penance 
according as he was enjoined, whereas the said Simons never did 
his penance in such manner, and thereby he took a false oath in 
this Court before the Judge of this Court for the time being. 
Newstreet confessed that he took such an oath, and did think that 
he took a true oath because he saw the said Simon do a penance 
befoi*e service in Whitstable Church, which done he saw M r Corke 
the Minister there write upon the schedule that the said Simons 
had performed his penance according to the said schedule, which 
was enjoined him by order of this Court aforesaid, not proving 
the contents of the said schedule or monition, but taking it to be 
true because the said M r Corke had so written as aforesaid, 
but now he confesseth that he was greatly over sure thereiu. 
(Fol. 32.) 

Thomas Forminger for not paying his cess, which he was cessed 
at for the poor. 

Henry Quested for the like. (Fol. 82.) 

VOL. XXVII. Q 



226 VISITATIONS OF THE 

1599. For those that neglect their coming to Church according 
to the Statute, we present Mary Gantlett wife of Thomas Gantlett. 

She explained : That she liad not been dwelling within the 
parish of Whitstable by the space of this last year last past, and is 
now dwelling in Katcliffe near London. (Fol. 203.) 

We present John Wilkins for going about the street in woman's 
apparel, being the parish clerk at that time. 

His explanation to the Court was: That at a marriage in a 
merriment he did disguise himself in bis wife's apparel to make 
some mirth to the company. (Fol. 20.) 

1000. "We present that our churchyard is neither so cleanly 
kept and maintained as it ought, but the Church porch be annoyed 
with sheddowing of kine and sheep and such like. 

It was explained in Court : That M r Turner's cattle, both kine 
and sheep (he being parson there), do much annoy and foul the 
churchyard with their dung, and that the churchyard dikes be not 
kept as they ought, which dikes are to be kept and scoured by the 
parishioners of the parish. (Fol. 217.) 

1601. "We do present William Cole, for that he doth deny to 
pay to the collection according as it is appointed by the parishioners, 
and also for that he did misuse the churchwarden and also the rest 
of the parishioners upon Sunday being the fourth of January. 
(Fol. 258.) Vol. 1581—95, Part II. 

1603. Clement Long on Sunday the third of April in time of 
public prayer for the King,* he did sit with his hat on his head, and 
being by M r Corke admonished thereof did laugh at him and behave 
himself very unseemly. (Fol. 61.) 

1606. One Kichard Bodill in his heat called our Minister 
scandalous fellow, but we cannot say he is a railer, that is to say in 
our understanding, or that he useth to rail at any of his neighbours. 
(Fol. 170.) 

1607. Martin Ntockes of Whitstable hath stopped up an usual 
way leading to Seasalter Church. (Fol. 95.) 

1608. We want a chest for the alms of the poor. Our Minister 
doth not catechise the youth. (Fol. 116.) 

* James I. succeeded to the throne 24th March 1G02-3. 



ARCHDEACON OF CANTERBURY. 227 

LG09. Richard Waight of the parish of Whitstable, butcher, 
for opening his shop window and selling out flesh on the Sabbath 
Days, obstinately refusing to come to Church, being thereunto 
presented by the churchwardens. (Fol. 194.) Vol. 1608-9. 

1(311. John Whighton, for extraordinary swearing and blas- 
pheming, for ribaldry in undoing of his hose, being very unseemly 
in the alehouse. 

The said John "Whighton, for haunting ale-houses in the time 
of service and sermon time, and being admonished to come unto the 
Church by the churchwardens and sidesmen he refused, saying he 
would not follow a company of dog-whippers,* and so would not 
come at all. (Fol. 18.) 

1611. Ann the wife of Robert Wren, for not coming to the 
Church to give God thanks after her deliverance of child. (Fol. 
38.) 

1613. That by reason of the smallness of our parish we have 
prayers read in our Church upon Wednesdays and Fridays in Lent 
time only as by this is required. 

M 1 ' Goonestou is our Curate, who doth not catechise as by this 
article is required. (Fol. 99.) 

1614. John Deere of the parish of Whitstable, for that he 
annoying very much the Church way or way to the Church of Sea- 
salter, and being admonished thereof by the churchwarden there, 
Richard Paw son, the said Deere gave the churchwarden very foul 
words as the common fame is in our said parish, and as the said 
churchwarden himself by these presents on his [oath affirmed. 
(Fol. 137.) 

John Whiter of the parish of Whitstable, for the burial of his 
wife in Seasalter, and not paying the clerk his due. 

John Hather, for not paying of the clerk's wages. (Fol. 139.) 

That Thomas Fox, the elder, upon the twenty-seventh day of the 

month of June last past, being in a drink distempered, did in the Church 

of Whitstable aforesaid in the service time interrupt the preacher 

by rude repetition after him, and by his most profane swearing of 

* Dofif-whipper, an official formerly employed to whip doga out of a church 
or chapel, locally retained as an appellation of a sexton or beadle. (Eng. Diet., 
Edited by Dr. Murray.) 

Q 2 



228 VISITATIONS OF THE 

most horrible and fearful oaths to the great profanation of God's 
holy name and evil example and offence unto others. 

On the 19th day of September when Thomas Fox appeared 
in Court, he said : That he being a sleep in service time and being 
suddenly awakened by one who sat near to him, said as he now 
remembers he used a participle in the sermon time. (Fol. 157.) 

1617. Ealp Manton, parish clerk, for foddering his kine in the 
churchyard and for pasturing them there, whereby the graves are 
rooted down with their feet and the Church dykes rooted down, and 
we do present him for laying the dung or sullage that comes from 
his house in the churchyard. (Fol. 273.) Vol. 1010—17. 

1020. George Davis, for practising the office of a midwife 
without licence. (Fol. 105.) Vol. 1019—21. 

1020. "We present that Raphael Manton, our parish clerk, doth 
upon every other Sunday read Divine Service in our said Parish 
Church, and doth commonly bury our dead, the censuring whereof 
we leave to the Court. 

On the 14th day of February when he appeared in Court, 
he confessed : That he hath upon every other Sunday read some 
prayers and the first and second lessons, and hath ordinarily buried 
the dead in the said parish of Whitstable. He was ordered not to 
read prayers or bury the dead. (Fol. 279.) 

Vol. 1010—17, Part II. 

1037 Smith of Whitstable, widow, for using the office of 

a midwife without licence and admission. (Fol. 137.) 

1038. We present Sir John Row, Knight, of the parish of 
Boughton under the Blean, for that he refuseth to pay his cess for 
the reparation of our Church, being 3s. 4d. Vol. 1030—39. 

1040. Our Church and chancel with all things belonging to 
them both within and without are or shall be suddenly well and 
sufficiently repaired. (Fol. 38.) Vol. 1039—81. 

1068. George Marlow, for that he hath rent the tithes belong- 
ing tn the Parsonage of Whit stable for these three years ending at 
Our Lady Day last past, and that there wants some small matter 
of glazing about the windows. 

On the Gth day of May lie appeared and promised to do this in 
a month's time. (Fol. 152.) 



ARCHDEACON OF CANTERBURY. 229 

1672. George Marlow, for not repairing the chancel. 

On the 17th day of July he alleged : That he hath left the 
said Parsonage ever since last Michaelmas, neither hath he anything 
to do with receiving the tithes only as he is desired to secure thein, 
there being now a suit betwixt the heirs of his late landlord Sir 
John Willoughby and another person, who shall have right to the 
said parsonage tithes of Whitstable, and that the impropriation of 
the said Parsonage doth belong to the Lord Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, and therefore he humbly conceiveth that he ought not by law 
to be constrained to repair the aforesaid chancel. (Fol. 173.) 

Vol. 1639-81. 

1678. James Brett, for not repairing the chancel. (Fol. 18.) 

1685. Thomas Woolrich [Vicar 1668 — 95], for not catechising 
the children of the parish. (Fol. 100.) Vol. 1675—89. 



( 230 ) 



FAVERSHAM HOUSEHOLD INVENTORY, 

1609. 

BY ARTHUR HTJSSEY. 

The following inventory of the household goods of Elisabeth 
Aiscoughe* of Faversham, widow, in the year 1609, when she 
became the third wife of Esaie Spracklinge of the same town, 
is in Yol. 50 of the Acta Curia of the Archdeacon of Canterbury 
(now in the Cathedral Library) with reference to the proof of her 
Will. 

By Deed Poll, dated 10th June 1609, the said Elizabeth sold 
her goods and chattels to Edward Master of Ospringe, gentleman, 
and Thomas Mendfield, one of the Jurats of Eaversham, as friends 
in trust for the said Esaie Spracklinge and herself, who intended 
marrying. The Trustees, by indenture of same date, agreed to make 
them over after the death of either Esaie or Elisabeth to the 
survivor. This they did on the 4th April 1610 to Esaie Spracklinge, 
his wife having died in the previous February. 

There is no information at present as to the first husband of 
Elisabeth Aiscoughe, but in 1609 at the Visitation of the Arch- 
deacon of Canterbury a presentment was made at Faversham : 
"Thomas Askew, for that he practiseth surgery without license." 
The Canterbury Marriage Licencesf record that in 1601 Win. 
Keeler of Luddenham married Elisabeth Askue of Faversham. 
In 1604 Thos. Askew of Faversham, sailor, married Agnes Peerce 
of Whitstable ; he was a widower in 1620, when he married Ann 
Annott. 

Ksaie (or Esay or Esau) Spracklinge appears to have been one 
of the Spracklinge family J of St. Laurence in Thanet, in which 

• This is one of the forme of the Dame Askew. 
t First Series, 13, 31, 242. 

X Arm- : Sable, <i sal tire ermine between four leopard faces or. For the 
Spracklinge Familv sec Ritt. of St. Lawrence iii Thanet (1805), by Dr. C. 

Cotton. 



PAVERSHAM HOUSEHOLD INVENTORY, 1609. 231 

Church he was married 22nd December 1576* to his first wife 
Millicent Crayfordf of the Great Mongeham family. 

Esaie Spracklinge appears to have settled at Faversham, being 
possibly a merchant adventurer, and there his first wife died 
9th April 1597, being buried in the Church, and the gravestone is 
now near the chancel-gates : — 

" Here lieth buried the Body of | Millesent, the late wife of 
Esay | Spraclinge,gent.,andtheyongest[>V] | daughter of Edwarde 
Crayforde | of Mongeham Magna within the County | of Kent, 
Esquire, the which Edward died | in February 1558 and the said 
Milli | sent died the 9 th day of April | 1597, being of the age of 
39 | years 11 weeks and 2 days | and had by the said Esay 7 sons 
and | three daughters." 

The Faversham Parish Registers do not help us as to the names 
of the children, as they do not antedate 1620. But in 1606 a 
Richard Cooper of Strathfieldsaye in Hants, yeoman, had licence to 
marry Millicent Spracklinge of Sandwich. In 1611 Thos. Ramsay 
of Faversham, gent., had licence to marry Mary Spracklinge of the 
same parish. J 

The Canterbury Marriage Licences, printed by Mr. J. M. Cowper 
(1st Series, 389), shew three licences were granted to Esaie Sprack- 
linge : — 

27 April 1598. Esau Spraclinge of Faversham, gent., and Jane 
Besbiche of the same parish, widow. At Faversham. 

9 June 1609. Esau Sprackling of Faversham and Elisabeth 
Aiscoughe of same, widow. At Faversham. John Humble of 
Canterbury, gent., bonds. 

26 January 1613-14. Esaia Spracklinge of Faversham, jurat, 
and Margaret Partridge of Chartham, widow. At Preston next 
Faversham. John Humble of Canterbury, gent., bonds. 

Esaie was a Jurat of the town 1599 to 1618, mayor in 1600 and 
part of 1613 (in succession to Thomas Mendfield), also in 1614. 
Although at one part of his life a wealthy man, he died very poor, 
and because of his poverty was allowed by the Corporation of 
Faversham in July 1619 the yearly payment of £1, which in the 
following March was increased to £12 a year.§ 

* The St. Lawrence Register, 1560—1653, printed by Rev. C. H. AVilkie in 
1902. The name is written Millicene Crayford. 

t Crayford Arms : Or, a chevron sable, three falcons' heads erased argent. 

X Canterbury Marriage Licences, Eirst .Series, 106, 342. 

§ This information has been kindly supplied to me by Mr. P. F. Girand of 
Eaversham. 



232 FAVERSHAM HOUSEHOLD INVENTORY, 1609. 

AN INVENTORY OF ALL SUCH GOODS AND CHATTELS AS ABE MEANT 
TO BE CONVEYED BY THIS PBESENT "WRITING [DATED 10 JUNE 
1609], WHEBEUNTO THIS SCHEDULE IS ANNEXED : — 

One great silver salt with a cover. 

One little silver salt with a cover. 

Two silver bowls. 

One silver taster* with a cover. 

One gilt pepper box. 

One casting bottle of stone,t covered with silver. 

Two gilt spoons. 

Six silver spoons with gilt heads. 

Six silver spoons without heads. 

One beakerj of silver. 

Two chardgers [large plates or flat dishes]. 

One poider [?]. 

Pewter : 

Two basons with ewers. 

Three other basons. 

Thirty platters. 

Forty pewter dishes and fruit dishes. 

One dozen and half of saucers. 

One dozen of porrengers. 

Four dozen of plate trenchers. 

Eight pye plates. 

Eight candlesticks. 

One collender. 

Five chamber pots. 

Ten pewter pots. 

One yewer [sic] for wine. 

One saltcellar. 

Fifteen bisket [sic] moulds of tin. 

Six baking plates of tin. 

Brass : 

Six brass pans. 
Four brass pots. 

* A small cup to taste liquor ; a dram cup. 

t For sprinkling perfumed waters ; a vinaigrette. (Hist. Eng. Diet.) 

X A drinking ve^el with a wide mouth ; open cup ; goblet. 



FAVERSHAM HOUSEHOLD INVENTORY, 1609. 233 

Four stupnetts.* 

Two brass kettles. 

One chafingdish.f 

Two brass mortars and pestles. 

Two brasen skonces.^ 

Three latten skonces. 

Four brasen ladles. 

Three brasen pot lids. 

One perfuming pan of brass. 

Linen : 

Forty pair of sheets. 

Three long table cloths of diaper. 

Three square table cloths of diaper. 

Twenty other table cloths. 

Six side-board cloths. 

Twelve cupboard cloths. 

Four drinking cloths. 

Two long towels of diaper. 

Forty other towels. 

Twenty dozen of napkins. 

Six napkins of damask. 

Six diaper napkins. 

Thirty pillow beeres.§ 

One tapestry coverlet. 

Two green rugs. 

Six pair of blankets. 

Fifteen curtains of green saye. 

Five curtains of red say with valence and testers. 

One long carpet of green broad-cloth. 

Four green carpets || of broad cloth. 

Ten needlework cushions. 

One coverlet of Dornax.^[ 



* A stewpan or skillet. (Diet. Kent Dialect.) 

t To hold burning charcoal or other fuel for heating anything placed 
thereon ; a portable grate. (Hist. Eng. Diet.) 

% A candlestick, also a lantern. (Hist. Eng. Diet.) 

§ Pillow cases. (Diet. Kent Dialect.) 

|| Carpets were then used for covering tables, benches, or beds, not the 
floor. 

% Cloth made at Doornik in Flanders ; or, in French, Touruai. (Hist. Eng. 
Diet.) 



231 FAVERSHAM HOUSEHOLD INVENTORY, 1609. 

Four curtains of Dornax. 

A field bedstedle* with curtains and cover of red saye, edged 

with white and red fringe ; one green embroidered chair ; 

one chair done with Dornax ; two cushion stooles. 
Two feather beds. 
Three rugs and one bolster. 
Twelve pillows. 
Hangings of Dornax. 
Twenty joined stools. 
Two court cupboards. f 

A canopy bed with a feather bed and two bolsters. 
One coverlet of Dornax and a canopy. 
Five trunks. 
One press. 

Three window cushions. 
A desk. 

One trundle-bed^ and a blanket, rug, and bolster. 
A wainscot chest. 
Eleven pillows. 
One chair. 
Two tables, a press. 
A wainscot chair. § 
A bunting hutch. || 
A kneeding trough. 
Two milk tankards. 
Old armour. 

In the Hall : 

A drawing table and carpet of Dornax. 

One little table and a carpet of Dornax. 

Five crickitts.H 

Two forrns and a bench. 

A court-cupboard and carpet of Dornax. 

A still and a skonce. 

* The wooden framework of a bed, which supports the bed itself. {Diet. 

A"' „f JJtnlfCl.) 

+ A Bideboard or cabinet used formerly to display the family plate, silver 
flagons, ''up.-, beakers, etc ( Ibid.) 

I A truckle-bed, which in the daytime »;is stowed away under the chief 
tx d in the room. [Ibid. I 

§ A chair with a panelled box-like seat. (Funk and Wagnell'a Did.) 

|| The bin in which meal was sifted or bolted. (Diet. K< n ( Dialect.) 

■ Low wooden stools. (/list. English Diet.) 



FAVERS1IAM HOUSEHOLD INVENTORY, 1609. 235 

Four blue curtains. 
Painted hangings. 

In the Parlour : 

One chair trimmed with Dornax. 

One wainscot chair. 

One wicker chair. 

One court 'board. 

Pour boxes. 

Five pictures. 

One pair of great cobirons.* 

One pair of creepers.f 

One pair of tongs. 

A fire shovel. 

Hangings of Dornax. 

A carpet and a cupboard cloth. 

Curtains and curtain rods for two windows. 

The Chamber over the Hall : 

One wyned [sic] bedstedle with one feather bed. 

A green rug and curtains. 

One trundle-bed with a feather bed and coverlet. 

A press. 

A chest of drawers. 

Two trunks. 

A great painted chest. 

A wainscot chest. 

A foulding table. 

A corslett.J 

Two wicker chairs, four boxes. 

Hangings of Dornax and curtains to the windows. 

Cobirons. 

Creepers. 

Tongs and fire shovel. 

One court-cupboard and cloth of Dornax. 



* The irons standing on the hearth, for keeping the brands and burning 
coals m their place ; also the irons by which the spit is supported. (Did. Kent 
Dialect.) 

t A small iron dog placed on the hearth between the and-irons. (Hist. 
English Diet.) 

X A portion of armour for the body. (Ibid.) 



236 FAVEKSHAM HOUSEHOLD INVENTORY, 1609. 

Her "Will was verbally given on her death-bed : — 
" Elisabeth, wife of Esaye Spracklinge, on the 10 Eebruary 
1609-10, being the Saturday next before she died, she, the said 
Elisabeth, being of good and perfect memory, in the words follow- 
ing or the like in effect, namely, of her own accord, then being 
sick, said : All the goods that I have when I die, I will and mean 
my husband shall have. I can well afford them to him if they were 
more than they are ; he is a good gentleman and useth me well and 
kindly. And as for my nieces and other kinsfolk they have all well 
to live of themselves, and have no need of anything I have. The 
witnesses present at the uttering and declaring of this Will nuncu- 
pative are Rebecca Philpott, Mary Brook, Joan Peerce." [They 
all three witness by their mark.] 

Probate 27 Feb. 1609-10. (Consistory Court, Vol. 57, fol. 134.) 



( 237 ) 



A LIST OF THE RECTORS OF RIPPLE. 

COMPILED BY REV. H. L. BEARDMORE, M.A., 

RECTOR OF RIPPLE, 

From the Registers at Lambeth Palace and other sources, with Notes. 

Names of Rectors. "Date of Institution. Patrons. 

1. John de Staneyweye. ? circa 29 Sep. 1294. 

A John de Staneyweye, Parson of Eippill, is mentioned in the 
Close Eolls, 22 Edw. I. (1294), but there is doubt whether he was 
Eector of Eipple in Kent or in Worcestershire. 

2. Richard Colhyn. 4 Mar. 131:3-14. John Colhyn. 

3. ,William Durant. 15 May 1323. John Colhyn of 

Sellynge. 

4. Robert de Mebourne. 3 July 1349. William de Clynton, 

Earl of Hunting- 
ton. 
(From Sede Vacante Eegister, Canterbury, Eegister Gr, f. 119.) 

5. Richard de Lokke- 1 Jan. 1350-51. William de Clynton, 

LEYE. Earl of Hunting- 

(Eeg. Islip, f. 255>>.) ton. 

6. John de Pakynton. 25 April 1357. Sir John Clynton. 
On the death of the last. 

7. John de Grovehull. 

8. Richard de Caldre- 23 Dec. 1361. Sir John Clynton. 

FORD. 

On the resignation of John de Grovehull. 

9. John Whitlok. 13(»(>. 

(Sede Vacante, Register Gr, f. 151 a (Canterbury): "John 
Whitlok, Eector institutus ob defectu Pectoris absentantis illicite") 



238 A LIST OF THE RECTORS OF RtPPLIi. 

10. John Bridd. 28 April 1372. Sir John Clynton. 
On the resignation of John Whitlok. 

11. John Morton alias Mortem. 

Archbishop Courtenay's Register has "Mortem." In the Lin- 
coln Diocesan Register and in Patent Roll, 6 Rich. II., pt. i., in. 11 
(where the exchange with his successor is entered), the name is 
Morton. 

12. Maurice BoTRBAUX. 13 Xov. 1383. Sir John Clynton. 
On the resignation of John Morton. 

M. Botreaux exchanged with John Morton from the Rectory of 
W'vng, Rutland, Diocese of Lincoln (Line. Dioc. Reg. and Patent 
Rolls). In the Sede Vacante Register at Canterbury there is 
written, under date 28 Sept. 1396, " Commissio ad substitutendum 
capellanum ad celebrandum in ecclesia de Ryple ob defectum 
Rectoris domini Mauricij ab ea sine causa racionabili absentantis, 
etc." It appears that Botreaux had been absent for upwards of 
five years. 

13. Henry Wyt. circa 1419. 

This Rector is incidentally mentioned under date 10 April 1419 
in Reg. Chichele. i., f. 115*. 

14. William Tonmax. 24 April 142!). Feoffees of Sir Wil- 

liam de Clynton 
(Reg. Chichele, i., f. 175 a .) and Say. 

1 :». William Percier. 

16. Nicholas Connoll. 26 June 1455. John, Lord of Clyn- 

On the death of Wm. Percier. ton and Say. 

17. Thomas Scott alias 1460. 

ROTHERAM. 

(Novum Repertorium Ecclesiasticum Hennessey.) 
Born at Rotheram in 1425; Fellow of King's College, Cam- 
bridge, and Master of* Pembroke Hall, Cambridge; Rector of 
St. Vedast in the City of London ; Prebendary of Netheravon in 
Sarum ; Provost of Beverley and Wingham ; Chaplain to Edward IV. ; 
Bishop of Rochester and then of Lincoln ; finally Archbishop of 
York 1480 until his death 1500. 

He built Schools Gate at Cambridge and library at end of that 
building, lie completed Lincoln College, Oxford (begun by Bishop 



A LIST OF THE RECTORS OF RIPPLE. 239 

Fleming), and he added five fellowships. He founded a school at 
Rotheram, built the great kitchen at Whitehall and several offices 
at Southwell. At Bishopthorpe he built the hall, housekeeper's 
room, bakehouse, kitchen, drawing room, dining room, study, and 
other rooms above. He died of the plague at Cawood, forks, 
29 May 1500; buried in York Minster in tomb built by himself, 
which still exists. He left a chalice to Ripple Church under his 
will, also one to Wingham, Kent, where he had been Provost. He 
left several vestments to Luton Church, Beds, where his mother 
and brother are buried. 

The History of Luton Church, by the late Rev. H. Cobbe 
(published by Bell and Sons, 1899), tells of Scott's gifts to that 
Church, pp. 195, 2S4. On p. 350 it is mentioned that in all 
probability his mother's tomb is in the Wenlock Chapel of Luton 
Church St. Mary ; the estate of Someriss in Luton having passed 
from the family of Wenlock to that of Rotheram in 1471. 

is. John Drake. 20 April 1478. John, Lord of Clyn- 

ton and Say. 

19. Thomas Phillip alias 1 Dec. 1490. The Guardian of 

Cauton. John de Clynton. 

Name, etc., from Register M, D 13, and C, f. 147 a . 

20. William Couper. 21 Oct. 1491. John, Lord of Clyn- 
On the resignation of Thomas Phillip. ton and Say. 
Register M, D 13, and C, f. 157 a . 

21. John Denbye. circa 1530. 

John Denbye is incidentally mentioned in 1530 as one of the 
witnesses to the will of Henry Hudspeth. Yicar of Tilmanstone. 
(Archceologia Cantiana, Vol. XX., p. 109.) 

22. William Mann. 13 May 1556. Edward Clynton, 
On death of John Delamar alias Denbye. Lord of Clynton 

and Say. 

23. Christopher Burton. 10 Aug. 1568. George Durborne, 
On death of Win. Mann. pro hoc vice, by 
Also Curate of Waliner ; buried at Ripple. concession of Sir 

Thomas Kemp. 

24. Christopher Dows- 26 April 1598. William Cray ford of 

inge, M.A. Monghatn Magna. 

On death of Ch. Burton. 
Also Curate of Walmer; buried in Ripple Church. 



24-0 A LIST OF THE HECTORS OF RIPPLE. 

25. John Francis, M.A. 23 Sep. 1616. Anne Crayford, 

On death of Ch. Dowsinge. widow of Edward 

Crayford, late of 
Moogham Magna, 

Esq. 

In 1628 two cottages were built as a parish poorhouse on land 
given by John Gookin of Ripple Court. They were built by 
subscription. (Hippie Church Register.) 

On 31 May 1888 the cottage standing next them was burnt 
down. On the following day the parish cottages caught fire from 
the smouldering ruins and were destroyed. They were not insured, 
and have never been rebuilt. The land on which they stood is 
used as a garden for parishioners, two being chosen each year to 
occupy it. 

Whilst Francis was Rector three documents were signed by the 
parishioners, the originals of which, with the signatures, are in 
the Church Register. The first of these, dated 5 May 1641, is 
" A Protestation made by the Honourable House of Commons .... 
for the upholding and maintaining of the true Protestant religion 
according to the doctrine of the Church of England." This was 
signed by twenty -six parishioners on 15 Aug. 1641. The second is 
the " Solemn League & Covenant," which was sworn to by both 
Houses of Parliament in Sept. 1643. It was signed by thirty people 
of Ripple on 28 Feb. 1643.4. The third is " The vow & Covenant 
appoynted by ye Lords and Commons .... June 27, 1643." This 
was signed in this parish on 23 July 1613 by twenty -six persons. 

26. Anthony Broomstonk. 24 April 1645. Anne Crayford. 
On resignation of John Francis. 

Also Curate of Walmer; buried at Ripple. 

In the Bishop's Certificates the name is given as Brum stone, 
but in the Church Register of his burial, 7 Jan. 1647, it is Broom- 
stone. 

27. William Stanley. 24 Oct. 1648. 
On the death of the last. 

He was nominated, and probably not instituted, 24 Oct. 1648 
(see Shaw's History of the Church, vol. ii., p. 361). He was also 
Curate of Walmer. On his tombstone in the nave of the Church 
the name is spelt Standly, but in the registers he signs as Stanley, 



A LIST OF THE RECTORS OF RIPPLE. 241 

and the name stands so in tlie registers at Lambeth. lie died 
1C Dec. 1GSO, aged CS. His widow Elizabeth died in 1700 at the 
age of 75. Their tombstones were erected by a kinsman Stephen 
Stanley. A Stephen Stanley, yeoman, was buried at Ripple 10 Oct. 
1731. The Parish Registers contain no entries of baptisms between 
1655 and 16S1, no marriages between 1654 and 1683, no burials 
between 1654 and 16S0. There is a note, " The registers neglected 
for 26 years in the time of W. Stanley, Rector." 

28. Henry Yorke, M.A. 4 April 1681. Nordash Rand, Esq. 
On the death of ¥m. Stanley. 

A kinsman of the first Earl of Hardwicke. In 1703 Elizabeth 
Yorke, the Rector's wife, left under her will a " Patina " to Ripple 
Church. In 1835, the Rector (Mandale) having applied to the 
Earl of Hardwicke for a new chalice, the latter gave £17, with 
which one was purchased, and also an oak green-liued box for the 
Communion plate. The Earl made it a condition of this gift that 
the ancient patina, which has the donor's name upon it, should be 
deposited in his Lordship's Parish Church at "Wimpole, Cambs. 
In 1835 John Baker Sladen of Ripple Court gave a silver paten, 
and the old paten was presented to him. (Ripple Church Register.) 
Henry Yorke was buried at Ripple. 

29. Edward Lloyd, B.A. 19 Dec. 1712. John Paramore, gent.* 
On the death of H. Yorke. 

Lloyd was Curate of Mongham till 1717, Rector of Betteshanger 
from 1716, and became Curate of Walmer in 1724. He was buried 
in Ripple Church. 

" Edward Lloyd, A.B. of Xtchurch Coll., Oxford, in 1703, was 
inducted into the Rectory of Ripple December 20th, 1712. 

" E. Lloyd, A.M., Rector of this Parish and Curate of Mongham, 
was inducted into the Rectory of Betteshanger July 17th, 1716, 
and on Midsummer 1717 left his curacy to serve upon his two 
small Rectories in his own person. 

"E. Lloyd, A.M., Rector of Ripple and Betteshanger, was 
admitted into the Curacy of Walmer by Archbishop "Wake at 
Croydon, Sept. 5, 1724." (Ripple Church Register.) 

Lloyd made a memorandum in the Register as follows : "I found 
the Parsonage House and out-houses in a very dilapidated condition, 
for which I had little or nothing allowed me, having had to deal 

* Nordash Rand, who married Ursula, widow of Wm. Cray ford, sold the 
advowson to J. Paramore in trust for the Rev. Edward Lloyd. 

YOL. XXVII. K 



242 A LIST OF THE RECTORS OF RIPPLE. 

with an obstinate executor, well versed in the knavish part of the 
law, and very resolute to insist upon it." 

In the Register is written (level with the above and on the 
opposite page), " Phil. York, attorney of Dover, father to the 
present Lord Chancellor, 1737." This entry is in Lloyd's hand- 
writing. The Lord Chancellor then was Philip, Lord Hardwicke. 
It seems very probable, therefore, that Philip Yorke of Dover was 
the •' obstinate executor." Philip Yorke died in 1721. his son 
becoming Lord Chancellor in 1736. 

In 1732 Lloyd rebuilt the Rectory at his own cost. The follow- 
ing entry is found in the Parish Registers : — 

"' The Parsonage House of Ripple was rebuilt from the very 
foundation in the year of our Lord 1732, at the sole expense of 
Edward Lloyd, Rector, by Joseph Iggulden of Deal, Carpenter, and 
John Xookes of Sholden Bank, Mason, who separatelv contracted 
to finish the shell thereof, with glazing, doors hung and priming, 
for the sum of One hundred and forty two pounds Ten shillings, 
besides the use of all materials of the old Building which were 
fitting to be used. The whole expense may be computed at £150. 

" 17M2. Memorand. — That on July 30, 1717, I signed to an 
indenture made between me and Capt. Robert Bowler for an 
exchange of a piece of Laud, in length 110 ft., in Breadth 15, 
on these conditions only, viz., that of pleasuring a gentleman with 
a commodious avenue to his House, when the exchange was no 
detriment to me, and that of obtaining a wall in the room of 
a fence, which had hitherto been expensive to me. I hope no 
successor will ever complain of this exchange, for I cannot appre- 
hend that it can ever be prejudicial to any. At the time of the 
Exchange I esteemed it so small a favour that I declare before God 
I neither had nor asked for any gratification on this account. 
Witness my hand : Edward Lloyd." (Ripple Church Register.) 

Captain Robert Bowler was buried in a vault in the chancel of 
Ripple Church by the leave of Lloyd, who was Rector and Patron, 
21 June 1734. 

Ed. Lloyd is invariably styled B.A. in Lambeth Registers, even 
at the institution of his successor. But in Ripple and Givai 
Mongehatn Registers he is described as M.A. from 1710. 

30. John Apslby. L6 Sep. 1741. Rev. Hugh Lloyd, 

( )n death of Ed. Lloyd. Rector of Llangy- 

Buried a1 Ripple. hall, co. Denbigh. 



A LIST OF THE HECTORS OF RIPPLE. 243 

81. John Williams. 1761. Lucy Jones, by her two 

On death of Apsley. guardians (co. of Flint). 

Ellen Bonnet, co. Denbigh. 

Lucy „ 
The benefice was vacant for a short time after the death of 
Apsley, in Oct. 1760, owing to a dispute regarding the patronage 
between John Williams and William Rogers (Proceedings of Grant 
of Institution at Doctors' Commons, Tuesday, 21 April 17G1, 
Rev. Wm. Rogers against Rev. John Williams, Grene Proctor for 
Rogers and Stevens for Williams. — Lambeth Reg., Seckor, f. 313). 
In 1761 a Dispensation was passed for John Williams to hold 
Rectory of Ripple with the Vicarage of Benenden (Hasted's Kent). 

32. William Rogers. 1 May 1763. (1) Lucy Jones,* co. of 
On resignation of J. Williams. Flint, by her two 
Buried at Ripple. guardians, Tho. 

Pennant of that 
co., Esq., and Bell 
Lloyd of Pon- 
truffydd, Esq. 

(2) Ellen Ben net, co, 

Denbigh,spinster. 

(3) Tho. Huddlestone 

of Liverpool, iron- 
monger, and Lucy 
his wife. 

33. Henry Lloyd, B.A. 30 Dec. 17G7. (1) Lucy Jones of Celyn, 
On death of W. Rogers. co. of Flint, spin- 
ster. 

(2) Tho. Mesham of 

Enloe,co.ofFlint, 
and Ellen his wife. 

(3) Tho. Huddlestone 

and Lucy his wife. 

34. John Kenrick, M.A. 14 Nov. 1769. (1) Charles Fysshe Pal- 
On resignation of H. Lloyd. merof Kenlyn, co. 
Also Rector of Betteshanger from 1776. Flint, Esq., and 
Buried in Ripple Church. Lucy his wife. 

(2) and (3) As for 33. 

* Lucy Joues, Ellen Bennet, and Lucy Huddlestone were heirs-at-law to 
Edward Lloyd, and consequently the three patrons. 

B 2 



244 A LIST OF THE RECTORS OF RIPPLE. 

35. Charles Philpot. M. A. 5 Oct. 1793. (1) C. F. Palmer of 
On death of J. Kenrick. Luckley, co. of 
Buried in Ripple Church. Berks, Esq.. and 

Lucy his wife. 

(2) Ellen Barrett of 

1 Denbigh, widow. 

(3) T. Huddlestone of 

Liverpool and 
Lucy his wife. 

Dispensation to Charles Philpot of Emmanuel College, Cam- 
bridge, Chaplain to Robert, Earl of Harborough, already possessed 
of the Rectory of Ripple, co. Kent, valued at £5 19s. Ikl, yearly 
value £"200 being, to be collated to the Rectory of St. Margaret-at- 
Cliffe in the same county, valued at £6 10s., yearly value £100. 
not more than four miles apart, to hold the said benefices 26 May 
1813. (Lambeth Reg., Act Book, 1813— 1S2G.) 

There is a tradition that Philpot was the Rector who planted 
the excellent apple trees on Ripple Rectory lawn near the Church. 

36. Robert Mebham, M.A. 29 May 1823. (1) Tho. Huddlestone of 
On death of Charles Philpot. May Hall, near 
Buried in the Church. Liverpool, Esq. 

(2) Ch. Fysshe Palmer 
of Bedford, Esq. 
Mesham was also Vicar of Bromham-cum-Oakley, Beds. 

37. Blajn Mandale. 27 Nov. 1827. C. F. Palmer of East 
On death of R. Mesham. Court in parish of 

Oakingham, Berks. 

New Communion plate was given to the Church in 1835 (see 
note on No. 28). In 1847 a vestry was built on the south side of 
the Church, the door to it being just below the west gallery. In 
1m;1 the Church was rebuilt, and a vestry was then placed on the 
north side of the chancel. There is a small brass to Mr. Mandate's 
memory in the chancel, and a lych-gate was erected to his memory 
by his only daughter .lane Mandale in 1888. 

In l^ii"- .Mr. Mandate built a vault in chancel adjoining south 
wall. Hi.- infant .-on was buried here 1^29, his wife 18G0, and the 
Rector himself 16 Oct. L870. 

John Baker Sladen of Ripple Court died 31 Oct. I860. He 
left to the Church £200 in Consols, Eor supplying bread to the poor 
during January and February each year on Sunday afternoons. 



A LIST OF THE HECTORS OF RIPPLE. 245 

38. George Crawford 19 July 1870. J. A. Johnson, Esq.* 

Caffin, M.A. 
On the death of B. Mandate. 

In 1871 Mr. Caffin built the bay-window in the room in the 
Rectory, now known as the morning room (then the drawing room ), 
at a cost of £16. In 1S78 encaustic tiles were laid in the sanctuary 
and the altar was raised. 

Mr. Caffin resigned in 1878 to take his father's living of Brimp- 
ton, Berks. There he died (8 Feb. 1895) and was buried. 

39. Henry Norris Ber- 25 Mar. 1879. Sir Robt. Sinclair, 

nard, M.A., LL.B. Bart., of Steven- 

On the resignation of Caffin. son, N.B. 

In 18S1 Mr. Bernard considerably enlarged Ripple Rectory, 
to a groat extent at his own cost. The governors of Queen Anne's 
Bounty advanced £700, but the total cost was about £1700, 
including an addition to the west of the morning room, formerly 
the drawing room, and the room above. 

In 1888 the parish cottages were burnt down (see note on 
No. 25). In January 18S8 a hot-water heating apparatus was pur 
in the Church (taking the place of an ordinary stove), at a cost of 
about £12 12s. On 21 Aug. 1S9G the Archbishop of Canterbury 
(Dr. Benson) officially visited the Church, the first record of such 
a visit by an Archbishop. In 1896 Mr. Bernard obtained an endow* 
ment of £2000 for the living of Ripple, he himself very liberally 
subscribing to meet grants from the Archbishop, the Diocesan 
Society, and Queen Anne's Bounty. H. X. Bernard resigned the 
living in Api"il 1897. 

10. Henry Leslie Beard- 25 June 1897. Col. Arthur Mesham, 

more, M.A. B.A. Oxon, D.L., 

On resignation of the above. J. P., of Pontruf- 

fydd, co. of Flint. 

In 1S97 an organ was purchased for Church. On 15 June 
1899 an addition of a quarter of an acre to churchyard was con- 
secrated by the Bishop of Dover, the land having been given by 
the late Mr. Chas. Churchill of Weybridge. In 1900 arch was cut 
into vestry from chancel, and oak stalls were placed in chancel. 
The choir boys wore cassocks and surplices, gifts of Mrs. Beardmore, 

* The presentation for this turn was purchased on behalf of G. C. Caffin 
from the patron, Rev. A. B. Mesham. 



216 A LIST OF THE RECTORS OF RIPPLE. 

for first time on Christmas Day, 1900. The first recorded confir- 
mation in Ripple Church was held by the Bishop of Dover 17 May 
1901. List of Hectors set up in the Church October 1904. 



THE PATRONAGE OE EIPPLE, FROM EDWARD LLOYD 
TO THE PRESENT TIME. 

Nordash Rand, who married Ursula, widow of William Crayford, 
sold the advowson to John Paramore, in trust for the Rev. Edward 
Lloyd, who died without issue in April 1741. The advowson 
passed to Margaret and Barbara Lloyd, daughters of David Lloyd 
of Glanywern Llandyrnog, co. Denbigh. 

(a) Margaret Lloyd married Arthur Bennet of Glanywern 
Bennet Llandyrnog. She died in 1742, leaving one son, who 
apparently died early, and two daughters Ellen or Eleanor and 
Lucy. Ellen or Eleanor Bennet married Thomas Mesham of Enloe 
Hall, near Hawarden, co. Flint, 1761. She married secondly 
Dr. Onslow Barrett. Lucy Bennet married Thomas Huddlestone 
of Liverpool in 1761. 

(b) Barbara Lloyd married Lewis Lloyd, Esq., of Hafodrwyd, 
co. Carnarvon. She married secondly, in 1732, Rev. Thomas Jones 
(no issue), the Vicar of Llanasa, co. Flint. By this second marriage 
there was a daughter Lucy, who was born in 1746. Lucy Jones 
married in 1768 Charles Fysshe Palmer, Esq., of Llanfyllin, co. 
Montgomery. A son, Charles Fysshe Palmer, was burn in 1769, 
and he married Madeline, widow of Sir Robert Sinclair, Bart., and 
second daughter of Alexander, 4th Duke of Gordon. 

Thus the advowson of Ripple was brought into the families of 
Fysshe Palmer, Huddlestone, and Mesham. 

Sir Robert Sinclair, Bart., obtained the alternate presentation 
through the marriage of C. F. Palmer with the widow of Sir Robert 
Sinclair, Bart. The Huddlestone family became merged with the 
Mesham family, and jointly held the advowson. 

a.I). 1905. The present patrons, with alternate presentation, 
are : — 

(i) Colonel Mesham, B.A. Oxon., D.L., J. P., of Pontruffydd, 
co. of Flint. He is the son of the late Rev. A. B. Mesham, 
Rector of Wootton, Kent, who was alternate patron ; he is grand- 
Bon of Rev. Rob. Mesham, who was Rector of Ripple 1823 to 1827. 



A LIST OF THE KECTOKS OF KIPPLE. 247 

This Eector married at Eipple (25 July 1825) Lucy, daughter of 
William Stacy Coast, Esq., of Eipple House, his second wife. He 
died in July 1827, and his widow afterwards lived at the Shrubbery, 
Walmer ; she died at Eamsgate in December 18G5 at the age of v ">. 
Colonel Mesham's great-grandfather was the above Thomas Mesham 
of Enloe Hall, who married Ellen Bennet. 

(ii) The Hon. Mrs. Pelhain Sinclair of St. Lawrence, Isle of 
Wight, is the other patron. She is the daughter of the late 
Admiral Sir John Gordon Sinclair, 8th Baronet. 



21 July 1G2S. Memorand. y 1 v ,J house y* Henery Durband now 
dwelleth in, scituate and standing vppon y e lord's waste adiojuing 
to Mr. William Warren his land, called y c Myll feeld, on y e south, 
& to the King's high way north, was builded at y e cost and Charges 
of y e whole Parish for y e behalf of the Parish, to place any pore in 
it whom they shall thiuke fit, And this w r as done by y e consent of y e 
lord of ye man'our of Eipple Court then being, who was Mr. Thomas 
Gookiu, vppon condition y* y e parish should pay vnto him and his 
heyres foure pence by y e yeare if it be required of them, so y 1 y e 
house doth belong to y e Parish and not to auy particulare person. 

This house was builded in y e yeare 1621, Valentyne Standby being 
then Overseer for y e pore, and defraying in y c parishes behalf y e 
charges layd out about y e same. 

In witnesse of y e truth of this, we whose are herevnder written 

doe subscribe our names : 

John Gookin. 

John Francis, Eector. John Elgare + his marke. 

Valentyne Standly + his marke. Henery Elgare + his mark. 

The particulars about building that house : — 

To Eichard Mackney was giuen for carriage of the house straw 
and clay ij s . 

To John Elgare for carrying of wood and clay iiij s vj d . 

To Valentyne Standly for carriage of bricke & stone & Thatch 
iij s viij d . 

Mr. Warren gave in clay, Tymber, & Money iij s vj d . 

Thomas Gookin, Gentl.. gave in tymber, thatch, Latts, and 
money xxviij 3 vj d . 

John Elgare in Tymber ij s . 



24<8 A LIST OF THE RECTORS OF RIPPLE. 

Valentine Standly in Tymber ij s x d . 

Thomas Hollaway in Tymber & Carriage iij s vj d . 

Henery Durband in Tymber, straw, & Thatch ix s , ffor which he 
received of y e Overseer ix s . 

To y e Carpenter xvj s . 

To John Button for thatching v s vj d . 

To John Elgare for woode which he bought for riddling & 
thatching rods iiij s iiij d . 

To Thomas Hollaway for his Boy 2 dayes to serve y e mason at 
xij d v c day ij s . 

To y e Smyth for yron worke viij s vij d . 

To y e Mason xiiij s . 

Sum'a tl. v 11 viij s xj d . 

Valexiyxe Standly, Oversere -f- his marke. 



Die Mercurij quinto Mai] 1641. 

A protestation made by the honorable house of Com'ons 
assembled in parliament for y e vpholding and mayntayning of y e 
true protectant Kelligion according to the doctrine of y e Church of 
England. The words of y e protestation are as followeth : 

I, A. B., doe in the presence of allmighty God promise, vow. 
and protest to mayntayne and defend, as far as lawfully 1 may, w Ul 
my life, power, and estate the true reformed protestant Kelligion 
expressed in y e doctrine of the Church of England, agaynst all 
popery and Popish innovations w ,h in this Realme, contrary to y e 
same doctrine And according to y e duty of my Allegiance, bis 
maiestyes Boyall person, honor, and estate : As also y e power and 
priviledges of parliaments, the lawf'ull Bights and libertyes of the 
subiect, and every person that maketh this protestation in what- 
soever he shall doe in the lawfull pursuance of the same. 

And to my power, and as far as lawfully I may, I will oppose 
and by all good waves and meanes endeavor to bring to Condigne 
punishment all such as shall eyther by force, practise, Counsel Is, 
plotts, conspiracyes, or otherwise doe any i hi ng to y c contrary of 
anything in this presenl protestation conteyned. 

And further that 1 shall in all iust and honorable wayes 
endeavor to preserve the vnion and peace betweenc the 3 kingdomes 
of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and neither for hope, feare, nor 
other respect shall relinquish this promise, vow, and protestation. 



A LIST OF THE HECTORS OF RIPPLE. 249 

Whereas some doubts have beeu raysed by severall person* out 
of this house concerning the meaning of these wordes contevned in 
the protestation lately made by the members of this house (viz.) 
The true reformed protestant Relligion, expressed in y c doctrine of 
y e Church of England, agaynst all popery and popish in'ovations 
contrary to y e same doctrine, This house doth declare that by those 
words was and is meant onely y e publiq' doctrine professed in the 
sayd Church so far as it is opposite to popery and popish in'ovations, 
And that the sayd words are not to be extended to the mavntayning 
of any forme of Worship, Discipline, or Government, nor of any 
Rites or ceremonyes of y e sayd Church of England. 

August 15 th , 1641. 
We whose names are vnder written have willingly made the 
protestation above written, and doe witnesse it with the subscription 
of o'r names : — 

John ffrauncis, Rector. Thomas ffrancis. 

John Gookin. Edward ffrancis. 

John Stanley. Richard Crayfford. 

ffinch Wilkes. Joshua Jacob. 

John Taylor. Matthew Rave. 

Edward Cocke. Steuen Stanley. 

Edward Castell. Richard Mackney. 

William Buruill. Daniell Longe. 

Thomas Mackney. John Philpot 

John Mackney. Steuen Harloe. 

Edward Stapeles. Pal] Sim'ones. 

Edward Browning. William Morris. 

John Castell. Nicholas Cornelius. 



The vow and covenant appoynted by y c Lords and Commons to 

be taken thorovvout the whole kingdome, June 27, 1613, 

touching y e Plot agaynst London and other y e like Plots. 

I, A. B., in humility and reverence of y e Divine Maiestv declare 

my herety sorrow for myne owne sins and the sins of this nation, 

which have deserved y e calamities and iudgments v< now lie vppon it. 

And my true intention is by God's grace to endeavour the amend- 

ment of myne owne wayes. And that 1 do abhorre and detest j 

wicked design lately discovered. And that I never gave nor will 

give my assent to the execution thereof, but will, according to my 

power and vocation, oppose and resist the same and all other of the 



250 A LIST OF THE RECTORS OF RIPPLE. 

like nature. And in case any other designe shall hereafter come 
to my knowledge, I will make such tymely discovery as I shall 
couceiue may best conduce to the preventing thereof. And whereas 
I doe in my conscience believe that the forces raysed by y e two 
houses of parliament are raysed and continued for theire iust 
defence, and for y e defence of y e true protestant Relligion and 
libertyes of the subiect agaynst y e forces raysed by the king, I doe 
here in the presence of almighty G-od Declare, Vow, and covenant 
that I will, according to my power and vocation, assist the forces 
raysed and continued by both houses of parliament agaynst the 
forces raysed by y e king w th out theire consent : And will likewise 
assist all other persons that shall take this oath in what they shall 
doe in pursuance thereof ; And will not directly nor indirectly 
adhere vnto nor shall willingly assist the forces raysed by the King 
w"'out the consent of both houses of parliament ; and this vow 
and covenant I make in the presence of almighty God, the searcher 
of all hearts, w th a true intention to performe the same, as I shall 
answer at y e great day, when the secrets of all hearts shalbe 
disclosed. 

We whose names are vnder written have willingly taken the 
vow and covenant above written, and doe witnesse it with y e 
subscription of o'r names, July 23, 1643 : — 

John ffrancis, Eect. John Eennolls. 

John Stanley. Matthew Kay, Junior. 

ffinch Wilkes. Thomas ffrancis. 

Matthew Ray, senior. Edward ffrancis. 

Edward Cocke. Edward Castell. 

Willi'm Buruill. The mark of Richard -f Mackney. 

The marke of Daniell -j- Eong. The mark of Mathew-f- Balducke. 

ffrancis Mackny. The mark of William + Noure. 

The marke of William -f- Kenett. The mark of Thomas + Mackney. 

Themarkeof Anthony + Holman. Edward Gardiner. 

Richard Smyth. John Kenneit. 

The mark of + Robbert Kenett. The mark of crestopher-f- Perkins. 

Walther Wilkes. The mark of Thomas + Amis. 

L643, ffebruarey 2S th . 

A solemne league and covenant for Reformation and defence 
of Religion, the honour and happynesse of y* king, and y e peace 
ami safety of y c 3 kingdomea of England, -Scotland, and Ireland, 



A LIST OF THE RECTORS OF RIPPLE. 251 

taken by y e parishioners of Ripple y e day and year above 
written. 

We noble men, Barons, Knyghts, gentlemen, Citisens, Burgesses, 
Ministers of y e Gospell, and com'ons of all sorts in the kingdomes 
of England, Scotland, and Ireland, by y e providence of God living 
vnder one King and being of one reformed relligion, haveing before 
o'r eyes y e glory of God and y e advancement (of) y e kingdom of o'r 
Lord and saviour Jesus Christ, y e honour and happynesse of y t: 
king's maiesty and his posterity, and y e true publiqe liberty, safety, 
and peace of y e Kingdomes, wherin ever} r one's private condition is 
concluded, and calling to mynde the treacherous and bloody plotts, 
conspiracies, attempts, and practises of y e enemyes of God agaynst 
y e true Relligion and profession thereof in all places, especially in 
these 3 kingdomes, ever since y e reformation of Relligion, and how 
much theire rage, power, and presumption are of late and at this 
tyme encreased and exercised, wherof y e deplorable estate of the 
Church and kingdome of Ireland, the distressed estate of y e Church 
and kingdome of England, and the dangerous estate of y e Church 
and kingdome of Scotland are present and publicke testymonyes. 

"We have now at last (after other meanes of supplication, 
remonstrance, protestations, and sufferings) for y e preservation of 
o'rselves and our Relligion from vtter ruine and destruction, 
according to the com'endable practise of these kingdomes in former 
tymes and y e example of God's people in other nations, after 
mature deliberation, resolved and determined to enter into a mutuall 
and solemne league and covenant, wherin we all subscribe and 
every one of us for himself w th our hand lifted vp to y e most high 
God doe sweare — 

I. That we shall syncerely, really, and constantly, thorow 
the grace of God, endeavour in our severall places and callings 
y e preservation of y e reformed Belligion in y e Church of Scotland, 
in doctrine, worship, discipline, and government, agaynst our 
com'on euemyes, y e Reformation of Relligion in y e Kingdomes of 
England and Ireland, in doctrine, worship, discipline, and govern- 
ment, according to y e word of God and y e example of y e best 
reformed Churches, and shall endeavor to bring y e Churches of 
God in the 3 Kingdomes to the nearest coniunction and vniformity 
in Relligion, Confession of fayth, fforme of Church government, 
Directory for worship and catechiseing, that we and o'r posterity 
after vs may as Brethren live in ffayth and Love, and y e Lord may 
delight to dwell in the midst of vs. 



252 A LIST OP TIIE RECTORS OF RIPPLE. 

II. That we shall in like manner without respect of persons 
indeauour the extirpation of popery, prelacy, that is, church 
gouernment by arch bishops, bishops, there chancellours and com- 
missaries, deanes, deanes and chapters, archdeacons, and all other 
ecclesiasticall officers depending on that hirarchy, superstition, 
heresie, schisme, prophanenesse, and whatsoeuer shall be found to 
be contrary to sound doctrine and the power of godlinesse, lest we 
partake in other men's sins, and thereby be in danger to receiue of 
their plagues, and that the lord may be one and his name one in 
the three kingdoms. 

III. We shall with the same sincerity, reallity, and constancy 
in our seuerall uocations endeauor with our estates and liues 
mutually to preserue the rights and priuiledges of the parliaments 
and the liberties of the kingdomes, and to preserue and defend the 
king's maiesties person and authority in the presentation and 
defence of the true religion and liberties of the kingdomes, that 
the world may beare witnesse with our consciences of our loyaltie, 
and that we haue no thoughts or intentions to diminish his maiestie's 
iust power and greatnesse. 

IV. We shall allso with all faithfulnes endeauor the discovery 
of all such as haue been or shall be iucendiaries, maliguants, or 
euill instruments by hindering the reformation of religion deuiding 
the king from his people, or one of the kingdomes from another, 
or making any faction or parties amongst the people contrary to 
this league and couenant, that they may be brought to publicke 
triall and receiue condigne punishment, as the degree of there 
offences shall require or deserue, or the supream iudicatories of 
both kingdomes respectiuely or others hauing power from them for 
that effect shall iudge conuenient. 

V. And whereas the happinesse of a blessed peace between 
these kingdomes denyed in former times to our progenitors is by 
the good prouidence of god granted unto us, and hath been lately 
concluded and setled by both parliaments, we shall each one of us 
according to our place and interest indeuour that they may remaine 
conioyned in a lirme peace and union to all posterity, and that 
justice may be done upon the wilful! opposers thereof in manner 
expressed in the precedent article-. 

VI. We shall allso. according to our places and callings, iu this 
common cause of religion, liberty, and peace of the kingdome, assist 
and defend all those thai enter into this league and couenant in the 
maintaining and persuing thereof, and shall not suffer ourselues 



A LIST OF THE HECTORS OF PIPPLE. '2'u) 

directly or indirectly by whatsoeuer combination, perswasion, or 
terrour to be diuided and withdrawn from this blessed union and 
conjunction, whether to make defection to the contrary part or to 
giue ourselues to a detestable indifferency or neutrality in this 
cause, which so much concerneth the glory of god, the good of the 
kingdomes, and the honour of the king, but shall all the dayes of 
our liues zealously and constantly continue therein ngaynst all 
opposition, and promote the same according to our power against 
all lets and impediments whatsoeuer, and what we are not able 
ourselues to suppresse or ouercome we shall reueall and make knowne 
that it may be timely preuented or remoued, all which we shall do 
as in the sight of god. 

VII. And because these kingdomes are guilty of many sins and 
prouocations against god and his son Jesus Christ, as is manifest bv 
our present distresses and dangers, the fruits thereof; we professe 
and declare before god and the world our unfayned desire to be 
humbled for our own sins and the sins of these kingdomes. 
especially that we haue not as we ought ualued the Inestimable 
benefit of the gospell, that we haue not laboured for the purity and 
power thereof, and that we haue not endeauoured to receiue christ 
in our hearts nor to walke worthy of him in our liues, which are 
the causes of other sins and transgressions so much abounding 
amongst us; and our true and unfained purpose, desire, and 
endeauour for our selues and all others under our power and charge 
both in publike and in private in all duties we owe to god and man 
to amend our liues, and each one to go before another in the 
example of a reall reformation ; that the lord may turn away his 
wrath and heauy indignation, and establish these churches and 
kingdomes in truth and peace, and this couenant we make in the 
presence of almighty god the searcher of all hearts, with a true 
intention to performe the same as we shall answer at that great 
day when the secrets of all hearts shall he disclosed : most humbly 
beseeching the lord to strengthen us by his holy spirit for this end. 
and to blesse our desires and proceedings with such Buccesse as may 
be deliuerance and safety to his j eopie and encouragement to other 
christian churches groaning under or in danger of the yoke of 
antichristian tyranny: to ioync in the same or like association and 
couenant to the glory of god, the enlargement of the kingdoms of 
Jesus Christ, and the peace and tranquility of christian kingdomes 
and commonwealths. 

We whose names are under written haue willingly taken the 



254 



A LIST OF THE RECTORS OF RIPPLE. 



league and eouenant aboue written, and doe wittnesse it with the 
ription of our names ffebruary the 2S, 1643: — 



John ffrancis. Eector. 
John Gookin. 

Tho. Gookin. 
John ffrancis. 

,rd Cbeeyny. 
The marke of 

Richard + Mackney. 
John Stanley. 
ffinehWfll - 
Matthew Eay. 
Eichard Smith. 
Nicholas Hollingburn. 
.... Marsh [r 
The marke of 

Sidrach -J- Mackney. 



Tho. Sheafe. 

The marke of Anthony -f Holman. 
The marke of Robert 4- Kennet. 
The marke of Edmund +• Chidwick. 
The marke of Christopher 4" Perkins. 
The marke of Jhon 4- Kennet. 
Edward Casscels. 

trd Coke. 
Edward ffrancis. 
ffrancis Makny 

The marke of Eichard 4- Brise. 
Walther Wilkes. 

The marke of Thomas 4- Makny. 
The marke of Samuell 4~ Penn. 
Eichard Sheafe. 







G. M. I r 

BROOKLAND FONT: 
A POBTION OF THE SHEET BEPEESENTING SEPTEMBEB AND OCTOBEB. 



( 255 ) 



THE LEADEN FONT AT BROOKLAND. 

BY THE REV. G. M. LIVETT, F.S.A. 

The ArchcroJoffical Journal for March, 1900, contains an exhaustive 
Paper on "Leaden Fonts," written by Alfred C. Fryer, Ph.D., M.A., 
and illustrated by a beautiful series of reproductions of the author's 
photographs. Dr. Fryer tells us there are twenty-seven leaden 
fonts in England, many of them of Norman date. Three of these 
are in Kent. The oldest of the three is "a very remarkable leaden 
font" at Brookland Church in Eomney Marsh. The next in age is 
a leaden bowl " which was dug up a few years ago from out of a 
mass of brickwork," and is now in the Church at "Wielding, near 
Sittingbourne. Dr. Fryer has little doubt it was constructed at 
the end of the Early English or the beginning of the Decorated 
period. It has a diameter of 20 inches and is 11^ inches in depth. 
" Its ornamentation consists of a geometrical pattern (10 inches 
high by 3£ inches wide) which is repeated ten times." I have not 
seen this font. 

The third of the Kentish trio is not now in use, but is preserved 
in the Church of Eythorne, near Dover. It is in a battered con- 
dition and measures 21 inches by 10 inches. It shews eleven 
rectangular panels, of which four contain the date, 1G24, and 
the remaining seven have each " a naked figure of a man holding 
what appears to be a torch in his left hand " — " perhaps intended to 
represent Adam." The figures seem to have been all cast in the 
same mould. 

The Brookland font alone of all the English leaden fonts shews 
a representation of the signs of the Zodiac and of the labours of 
the months of the year. It has a leaden, tub-shaped, flat-bottomed 
bowl, on a plain circular Caen-stone base, with square plinth, 
slightly chamfered. The tooling of the Caen-stone suggests a late 
twelfth-century or a thirteenth-century date ; but the details of the 
ornamentation of the bowl point distinctly to a Norman date, before 
rather than after the middle of the twelfth century. It is not 
unlikely that the moulds, carved in wood, were kept for many years, 



256 THE LEADEN FONT AT BROOKLAND. 

and that in course of time several fonts were made from them. If 
such was the case the execution and erection of the Brookland 
font may have been laler in date than the design suggests. 

The height of the bowl is 1G inches, and it measures about 
72 inches in circumference. It was cast in ten sheets, soldered 
together, 1-i inches in height, and varying in width, most of them 
being about 7J inches wide. The diameter inside is about 21 inches, 
expanding just at the top to 22 inches. Round the bottom, 
outside, there is a plain chamfer, from the top of which the circular 
bowl rises. Round the top there is a flat projecting lip, about 
1 inch wide, to which the sheets are soldered. Immediately under 
the projecting lip a row of shark's teeth runs round the bowl, 
points upwards;* then come two rings of cable-moulding, turned 
in opposite directions ; then another ring of shark's teeth, points 
downwards. Underneath these mouldings the bowl shews two tiers 
of arcading, with depressed circular arches : the upper tier contains 
the signs of the Zodiac, while the lower tier, of rather greater 
height, contains the labours of the months. The appropriate titles 
are impressed on the heads of the arches. Two months are 
represented on each of the ten sheets, making twenty months in 
all, the eight months from March to October being repeated from 
the same moulds. 

Line-drawings of six sheets, shewing the twelve months, may 
be seen in the Archceological Journal of the year 1849, in illustration 
of an excellent description of the font from the pen of Mr. Alexander 
Nesbitt. Another description, illustrated by line-drawings, will be 
found in Archcrologia Cantiana, Vol. IV., written by Mr. H. L. 
Smith. Canon Scott Robertson summarized these accounts in 
Vol. XIII. But line-drawings made before photography came to 
the assistance of illustrators are proverbially inaccurate, and the 
descriptions referred to seem to contain several mistakes of tran- 
scription in the titles of the signs and labours. 

The best brief description is that of Dr. Fryer, who wisely 
gets out of the difficulty of deciphering the titles by calling the 
months by their English names instead of transcribing the original 
Norman-French titles. Dr. Fryer gives three photographic illus- 
trations which, if necessarily small, are remarkably clear ; and the 
present writer is content to ask the Editor to insert one on a rather 
larger scale: it represents the months of September and October. 

* This moulding Beems to have escaped the notice of previous writers. 



THE LEADEN FONT AT BROOKLAND. 257 

The bowl is doubtless of twelfth-century date, and I do not think 
the use of Norman-French titles necessarily indicates a continental 
origin as Mr. H. L. Smith lias suggested. The treatment of the 
symbols of the months is said to be essentially Saxon or English in 
character, and the fact that a leaden font, very much like that of 
Brookland, exists at St. Evrouet de Montford, in the department 
of Orne, is by no means a proof that the Brookland font was 
designed out of England. 

Representations of the month-labours must have been very 
common in our country in mediaeval times. Examples, more or less 
perfect, exist in illuminated MSS. of pre-Conquest date, one of 
which is reproduced in Traill's Social England, vol. i. ;* in the 
Runic Calendars and Staffordshire Clogg Almanacks ; in a wooden 
frieze at St. Alban's Abbey ; in miserere stalls at "Worcester and 
Malvern ; and on a Norman stone font at Burnham Deepdale, 
Norfolk. 

Representations of the months by the signs of the Zodiac 
appear to have been equally common, and oftentimes the signs and 
the labours were associated. This appears to have been the case in 
the pavement of the Trinity Chapel in Canterbury Cathedral, 
where some of the signs and labours, as well as representations of 
virtues and vices, may still be traced. f 

The subject was fully discussed in a Paper by Mr. James 
Eowler, F.S.A., entitled " Mediaeval Representations of the Months 
and Seasons," and published in vol. xliv. of Archmologia (1873). 

With regard to the signs of the Zodiac on the Brookland font, 
the treatment calls for no remark, and it will be sufficient to give 
the titles in full, beginning with March : Capricornus (by error 
for Aries), Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, 
Sagutarius (sic), Capricornus, Aquarius, Pices (sic). 

The fact that March is the first of the eight months represented 
in duplicate would seem to imply that the artist commenced the 
series with that month. This is unusual, but Giotto's paintings of 
the months in the great hall at Padua afford a parallel instance, 
the series commencing with the month conventionally regarded as 
that of the vernal equinox. J The sculptured signs on a capital of 
the Ducal Palace at Venice seem to begin with the same month. § 

* From Cotton MSS., Julian, A., vi., tenth or eleventh century, 
f See Shaw's Specimens of Tile Pavements, 1858; and Murray's Cathedrals, 
Canterbury, plate viii. 

X See Archaologia, vol. xliv., pp. 172, 170. 
§ Ibid., p. 162. ' 

VOL. XXVII. S 



258 THE LEADEN FONT AT BROOKLAND. 

Yet another instance occurs in the west porch of Cremona 
Cathedral. 

While the signs of the Zodiac are sufficiently explained by their 
titles, which are easily read, the titles of the months, on the other 
hand, are in some cases difficult to decipher, and the representations 
of the labours are open to some difference of opinion with regard 
to their interpretation. I venture, therefore, to give a complete 
list, with a few preliminary remarks embodying the result of my 
own examination. 

Previous writers have followed one another in reading the word 
Christ into the title of the month of January, as being the Christ- 
month. Mr. H. L. Smith remarks: "The title of the month 
(January) is superseded by the important festival which introduces 
it," and Mr. Fowler compares the Anglo-Saxon names of the month, 
Yule-month and Holy-month. The letters are difficult if not 
impossible to decipher; the distinctly French form of the remain- 
ing titles leads me to suggest JANVIER. 

In the title of February the last two letters seem to me without 
doubt to be ER, so I read FEVR1ER instead of Febru«ri. 

There are too many letters in Mr. Smith's Marchi, which I think 
should be read as MARS ; and MAI and JVIN should certainly 
be so read instead of May and Juni. Of course the V in the titles 
of June, July, and August stands for U. 

In the title of July there appear to be seven letters, and it 
seems to me to be much more like JVILLET than Julius. 

The title of August has only five letters. I have little doubt 
that it ought to be read A VOVT. This spelling reveals an interest- 
ins stage in the history of the word as it contracted from the Latin 
Augustus to the modern French Aout. 

In the titles of September, November, and December N takes 
the place of m in the second syllable of each. In December, which 
Mr. Smith transcribes as Decembre, it is clear that S takes the 
place of c, and it may be further noted that the initial D is turned 
round, and appears as CL The use of N instead of M has a 
parallel in the titles of the month-symbols in the Mosaic pavement 
of the choir of Aosta Cathedral, said to be a work of the latter 
half of the twelfth century. In the title of September the p is 
omitted. 

The most interesting of* all the titles is that of October, tran- 

bed by previous writers without comment as Octobre. I prefer 
to transcribe it VITOWBE, in which the first and fifth letters may 
be regarded as representing TJ, and the sixth as V. Of the first 



THE LEADEN FONT AT BROOKLAM). 259 

three letters (VIT) I have no doubt, aud they ma)', perhaps, with 
some likelihood be regarded as representing a form of the name of 
the month which the font alone has preserved to us. That the 
French J/uit, without its aspirate, may in some dialect or provincialism 
have replaced the first syllable of the word as used in polite speech 
is by no means impossible, as I imagine. In the second syllable 
(OVVKE) I am not quite certain about the double V. It is not 
very distinct, but it seems impossible to read B in the place of 
either one or both of these letters. The difficulty remains unsolved, 
unless we may imagine that the artist spelt the word as he was 
wont to pronounce it under the influence of a provincial dialect — 
uitouvre. 

The list of names certainly seems to betray illiteracy, but as 
transcribed by Mr. Smith it is " neither chalk nor cheese," neither 
consistently Latin nor consistently Norman-French. It is hard to 
imagine even an illiterate Saxon of the twelfth century writing 
Marchi and Avril in close proximity, or putting Juni next to Julius, 
following these essays of Latinity with the modern August and 
French Septembre. The list which I have ventured to substitute 
below hangs well together, presenting names which, I am told, are all 
possible in twelfth-century Norman-French. The sculptured stone- 
font of Burnham Deepdale, of which the Rector has kindly sent 
me a photograph, presents some parallels sufficiently remarkable 
to be worth noting. 

JANVIER. Two-faced Janus, seated at a table, with Saxon 
drinking-horn and goblet in either hand outstretched, drinking the 
old year out and the new year in. The table represents the Yule- 
tide or Christmas feast. (Burnham Deepdale has this same subject 
treated more simply.) 

FEVRIER. A man seated and warming himself at a fire out of 
doors. (B. D. the same.) 

MARS. A man pruning a vine. (B. D. has digging for March 
and pruning for April.) 

AVRIL. A bareheaded figure in a long robe, holding in each 
hand a sprouting branch. The Rev. Henry Crowe, " the worthy 
aud sagacious rector of Burnham " in 1799, describes the May 
labour of the Deepdale font in the following terms : " A female 
figure with long hair, having a banner in her hand. Before her 
a tree in full foliage, an emblem of the month." And he adds, 
" May it not allude to the perambulation ?" Mr. Pegge quotes the 
description ami approves the conjecture. Mr. Smith and Canon 

s '2 



260 THE LEADEN FONT AT BROOKLAND. 

Scott Robertson offer no explanation. Comparison with many 
examples in other series confirms the conjecture that the symbol of 
April at Brookland corresponds with that of May at Burnham 
Deepdale, and has reference to the Processions at Rogation-tide, 
the Gang-days falling occasionally in April, though more often in 
May.* 

MAI (called by Alcuin " the pleasure month"). A knight on 
a palfrey with a hawk on his left fist. 

.TYIX. A man mowing with a long-bladed scythe. (B. D. 
has weeding for June, the Saxon ireed-montJi, and mowing for 
July.) 

JVILLET. A man working with a rake, appropriate to the 
Saxon hay-month. 

AYOYT. A man reaping with a sickle. (B. D. has a man 
binding up a sheaf of corn.) 

SETEXBRE. A man threshing corn with a flail. (B. D. the 
same.) 

VITOVVPiE. "Wine-pressing. A man standing in a hooped 
vat and holding up a bunch of grapes. Appropriate to the Saxon 
wine-month. (B. D. has barrelling wine.) 

XOYEXBRE. A swineherd holding aloft a hooked stick (no 
doubt beating oaks) and a pig feeding (on the fallen acorns). 
Specially appropriate in the county of dens or hog-pastures. (B. D. 
has pig-sticking.) 

QESEXBRE. A man with uplifted axe killing a pig, no doubt 
for Christmas cheer. (B. D. has a table spread for the feast.) 



One additional feature of the bowl calls for brief notice. In 
three places the lines of moulding near the top of the bowl are 
rudely cut away to receive a small sheet separately cast and 
soldered on to the bowl. This was evidently an afterthought, and 
it may possibly indicate an addition of later date. These three 
small sheets all present the same design, now much defaced. Each 
appears to be divided into two compartments by a horizontal 
line. Under the line there are two small triangular-headed (?) 
arches, and each of these contains a figure in a cramped attitude, 
similar in treatment to mediaeval representations of the Resurrection. 

B • Church of our Fathers (1903 edition), vol. iii., p. 182. 



THE LEADEN FONT AT BROOKLAND. 261 

Above the line there are three erect figures, the middle oue larger 
than the others, and shewing its right foot in front of the horizontal 
dividing line. The dexter figure appears to have its hands folded 
in adoration. It has been suggested that the design is intended 
to represent the Resurrection, the central figure being the Christ. 
Such a representation, with evident reference to the Pauline doc- 
trine, " buried with Him in baptism, whereby ye are risen with 
Him to newness of life," would certainly be appropriate to a font. 



( 262 ) 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT, No. III.' 



The following article deals with the Church Plate of the 
Cathedral and the twenty-three parishes in the Rural Deanery 
of Canterbury. The sacred vessels, now in the custody of 
the Dean and Chapter, are, with possibly two exceptions, 
all of post-Reformation date, and before describing the some- 
what meagre list of Church Plate now preserved in the 
Treasury, it will be interesting to take a cursory glance at 
the Mediaeval Inventories detailing the wealth and splendour 
of the possessions of the Prior and Convent of Christ Church. 
By the labours of Dr. Wickham Legg and Mr. St. John 
Hope these Inventories have recently been transcribed and 
printed,t and a careful study of their contents will well 
repay the student of the usages of the Mediaeval Church. 

For the purposes of the present article, however, we 
must confine our examination to a short summary of those 
portions of the Inventoi'ies which deal with the Altar Plate. 
The earliest extant list appears to be one now preserved 
amongst the Cottonian MSS. in the Library of the British 
Museum [Galba, E. iv], and is dated 2 February 1315-16, in 
the days of Prior Henry of Eastry, to whom we are indebted 
for the beautiful stone work screen of the Cathedral 
Choir. 

In this Inventory six gold chalices and patens (Calices et 
patene auree) are enumerated, of which the first was a great 
one with gems in the knop given by King Henry III. Another 
was the gift of Philip, King of France. Three others were 

* Continued from Archaologia Cantiana, Vol. XXVI., p. 266. 

+ I iivtntories of Christ Church, Canterbury. Transcribed and printed by 
.1. Wiokham Legg, F.S.A., and W. II. St. John Hope, M. A. (Westminster: 
Constable and Co. l'JOX.) 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 263 

specially used at High Mass in the Quire, at the Morrow 
Mass, and at the Altar at the head of St. Thomas's shrine. 
The sixth chalice and paten were formerly Archbishop 
Winchelsey's. Their united value was 60 marks, a sum 
(says Mr. St. John Hope) equal to at least £1000 at the 
present day. 

The list of silver chalices and patens (Calices et patene 
argentee) enumerates seven in the vestry, twenty-seven at 
various altars, and twenty in different manors, some being 
gilt and others being plain. In addition to these there were 
four pixes (Cwppe ad Corpus Domini), of which three were of 
gold, and six masers mounted in silver. The latter, Mr. Hope 
surmises, served for wine and water, given to the Communi- 
cants after houselling. 

Sixty years later Edward the Black Prince, in addition 
to other valuable bequests, left to the High Altar of the 
Cathedral Church, wherein he was buried, a chalice of gold 
with his arms on the foot and the paten thereto, two cruets 
of gold, an image of the Holy Trinity " to put upon the said 
Altar," and his best cross of silver-gilt enamelled. In 
addition to the above the Prince bequeathed to the Altar of 
Our Lady of the Undercroft two great twisted silver candle- 
sticks, two basins with his arms, a great gilt and enamelled 
chalice with the arms of Warrene, and two cruets wrought 
in the form of angels. During the Priorate of Thomas 
Chillenden (1390—1411) John of Buckingham, a monk of 
Christ Church (sometime Bishop of Lincoln), gave to the 
Church a large chalice of silver gilt engraved with his arms. 
Inventories of the goods pertaining to the Chapels of the 
Martyrdom, Archbishop Warham's Chantry, St. Michael 
the Archangel, made in the opening years of the sixteenth 
century, mention, as belonging to the Chapel of the Martyr- 
dom, two silver gilt chalices and patens, of which one 
chalice was engraved on the foot with the figure of Christ 
sitting in the sepulchre. It weighed 15£ ozs. The other 
" cum nodo amellato cum litteiis iiisculptoJFfjWUB et crucifixo 
cum Maria et Johanne insculpt' in pede." The paten was 
enamelled with a representation of the martyrdom of 
St. Thomas, and weighed, with the Chalice, 21| ozs.; both 



264 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

were the gift of Richard Copton, S.T.P., Subprior, in the year 
1500. In an inventory of the goods pertaining to Archbishop 
Warham's Chantry, made in 1507 soon after its dedication, 
there is no mention of any chalice or paten, but in the 
great Inventory of 1540 a gilt chalice, weighing 15j ozs., is 
set down among the goods of the Chantry. In the year 
1511 St. Michael's Chapel possessed one gilt chalice inscribed, 
** Calicrm acctJJtam," with the Crucifix enamelled on its foot, 
and a paten inscribed, "(Sloria \M BomtttC qui ttatttfl fSt Uf 
Vtrgtme cum pi" (for patre), weighing, with the chalice, 
23 ozs. 

In the Great Inventory made in 1540, soon after the 
surrender of the Monastery into the King's hands, and now 
preserved in the Cathedral library, the following vessels are 
enumerated : — 

" Four chalices with four paxes, gilt, for side altars." 

" One grete chalice gylt w c the Trynitie, with patent Crucifixe. 
Mary and John in the fote enameled, xlij oz." 

" One Chalice gylt w th the Images of Seint Peter and Paul 
graven in the patent, and divers other imagees graven on the fote, 
xxiij di." 

" One small chalice w ,h the Trinitie enamelled on the ffote, with 
J'hus also graven in the ffote poz. xxiij oz." 

" ii Candlestickes white with yron in them poz. cvi oz." 

The Elizabethan Inventories shew a diminution of goods 
at almost every point ; of the earliest, probably made at the 
time of Archbishop Parker's Metropolitical Visitation in 1563, 
there are several versions. In that called by Dr. Wickham 
Legg "A " we have the following entries : — 

" v Chalices w l their patents whereof one principal] and the 
other smaller of silver and gylt." " ii Cruets of sylver and gylt 
without covers." 

The text called " D" begins— 

" In primia one Communion Cupp w"' a cover of sylver and gilt 
made of two Chalices." " iii Chalyces w' 1 ' their patentee whereof 
one principal & the other smaller of sylver and gilte." " Two 
sylver Bassoons lately belonging to Canterbury Colledg .... in 
Mr. Deane's Custody." 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 265 

This Inventory mentions separately the ornaments given 
by Cardinal Pole ; these included — 

" Firste a payr of Candlesticks of sylver & gilt waving ccxxvij 
ounz. defased." 

" A greete crosseof sylver and gilte waving cxliij ounz. 1 quarter 
defased." 

"One seuser w th a shipp & a apone of sylver parcell guylt 
waying cvi ounz. defased." 

On the verso are the following- entries : — 
" A standing cup w th a couer of sylver gilt." 
"A salte w th a couer pasell " [gilt]. 

"A loinge blacke standing nute [nut] with a couer all gilt." 
"A lesser standing nut garnishe[d] wyth sylver all guylt." 
" A Maser garnyshed with silver and gilte wythoute a couer." 
" xviij silver spones in the Custody of M 1 Deane." 
"ij standing pott[s] made of iij Chalyses and other the Church 
plate." 

Between the above year and 1584, the date of the next 
Inventory, more plate was sold to pay the inferior ministers 
of the Church. On the appointment of Dr. Richard Rogers 
to the Deanery a fresh list was made, and the following are 
the only entries relating to the sacred vessels : — 

"Imprimis two lyvery potts of silver double gilte." 

" Item two bazens of silv 1 ' parcell gylt." 

"Item one Communion Cuppe w th cov 1 ' of silv 1 ' Double gilt." 

In 1634, probably on the occasion of Archbishop Laud's 
Metropolitical Visitation, another Inventory of Church goods 
was drawn up. In this list the following entries relate to 
the Communion plate : — 

" Item i plate for ye Communion table." 

" Two Flaggons double guilt one weighing 46 ounces, and the 
other 45 ounces and a half." 

" Two cupps double guilt w th covers, the one weighing 25 ounces 
and three quarters. The other weighing 23 ounces and one quarter." 

" Two silver basons parsell guilt, y c one weighing 20 ounces one 
quarter, the other 19 ounces 3 quarters " 

The two last are still preserved in the " Treasury," and 
may perhaps be identified with the two " Sylver Bassoons " 
from Canterbury College (see p. 264). 



266 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

" Two great Candlesticks & a great silver bason all guilt not yet 
weighed." 

These candlesticks are doubtless those still set upon the 
high altar, and may possibly be the pair presented by Cardinal 
Pole, and mentioned in the Inventory of 1563 as " defused." 
The alms-dish is also still in use. 

In a later hand the following additions have been made : 

" A silver chalice double guilt & two plates of silver double 
guilt and a case to put them in." 

This is probably the chalice given by Thomas Howard, 
Earl of Arundel, in 1636, described on next page. 

During the Great Rebellion much of the plate enumerated 
in the above Inventory was destroyed, and at the Restoration 
the Dean and Chapter laid out £132 in the purchase of plate 
" for the Communion table," and the greater part of the 
older plate now in use dates from that period. The list of 
1662 makes mention of the following vessels: — 

" Two great silver Flaggons double guilt."' 

" Three silver Chalices guilt, two of them with their covers." 

"Two small silver Plates." 

" Two small silver Basons." 

No candlesticks are mentioned, perhaps because they had 
not yet been brought out of hiding, but in the list of 1689 
they reappear as "two great silver candlestickes with a case." 

The Act Books of the Chapter inform us that in 1708 the 
two chalices were regilt and mended, and that in 1756 the 
following severe reparation was undertaken : — 

•' It is Agreed & Decreed that the Chalices now in use at the 
Alter shall have new feet putt to them, and that they with the 
Flagons & the large Bason shall be new guilt, and that the two old 
Patens (now become useless) shall be sold together with the feet 
which shall be cut off from the two chalisses. and the money they 
shall produce -hall be applyed towards defraying these alterations." 

In Mediaeval times the Church plate was kept in the 
vestry. The ancient apartment called the "Treasury" is 
now used as the Canon's vestry, and the plate is kept there 
in a fire-proof safe. 





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CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 267 

By the courtesy of the Sacrist, the Rev. G. H. Gray, M.A., 
I was allowed to make a careful examination of the sacred 
vessels, with the result that I have been enabled to add 
several particulars not included in the description published 
in our Seventeenth Volume. 

The Church plate of the various parishes of the Deanery 
calls for no special comment. 

Elizabethan cups have survived at Eordwich (the earliest), 
Holy Cross, and St. Alphege, the last, however, acquired at 
a much later date. 

Two chalices, that of St. Peter and St. Mary Magdalene, 
are perhaps remarkable as having been made during the 
Commonwealth period, but the most interesting piece is 
doubtless the embossed Jacobean dish, the gift of Alderman 
Wetenhall to St. Andrew's Church in 1615, of which we 
give an illustration. 

To the Incumbents of the various parishes my best thanks 
are due for much courteous assistance. 



CANTERBURY, THE CATHEDRAL. 

1. A Chalice of Silver, gilt. Height, 9 inches; diameter 
of mouth 4£ inches, of foot 7 inches ; depth of bowl, 3 inches ; 
weight, 9 ozs. 

No Hall or maker's marks. 

The bowl is hemispherical in form, with a slight lip, and the 
arms of Christ Church are engraved on the side, surrounded by a 
shell -like border of mantling. The stem, at its junction with the 
bowl, has an ornamental collar of Elizabethan character. The 
knop, which is in the shape of an inverted cone, occupies t he 
greater part of the short stem, and bears in relief the heads and 
forelegs of a lion, a horse, and a dog. The tall foot swells out from 
the knop into a base, shewing six ogeed angles or projecting points. 
From the apex of the foot to the base descend six handsome foliated 
mouldings. In one of the six ogeed compartments of the foot there 
is an engraved group of three animals : a lion sits between a dog on 
the sinister side, and a horse on the dexter, the horse having in its 
mouth a slip of oak with an acorn ; the dog and the horse are 
standing. Beneath the group is engraved this motto: "CON- 
CORDIA * CUM * CANDOKE." 



268 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

Beneath the foot is engraved: "VOTIYVM • HUNC • CALI- 
CEM • DEO • OPT • MAX HUMILLIME • OBTULIT • 
ALTAPJQUE • HVIVs ECCLESLE • CATHEDRALls 
SACEANDUM ■ REL1QVIT • THOMAS • HOWAEDUS • 
SEBBNISS • MAG • BRIT • KEGIS • AD CJSSAEEM • 
LEGATUS ■ HAC • TBANSIENS • 7 APKILIS L636." 

The donor of this handsome cup was Thoinas Howard. Earl of 
Arundel and Surrey, and afterwards Earl of Norfolk also. He was 
born in 15S5. being the son and heir of Philip, Earl of Arundel, 
and a grandson to Thomas Howard, third Duke of Norfolk, who 
was beheaded in 1572. He married Lady Alethea Talbot, daughter 
and ultimately sole heir of Gilbert, seventh Earl of Shrewsbury, 
and the animals upon the cup are drawn from the "supporters" 
of the arms of Thomas Howard and his wife. The occasion of this 
gift was his worshipping in the Cathedral on the eve of his embark- 
ation as Ambassador from King Charles I. to the Emperor Ferdi- 
nand II. Erom the Inventories of the eighteenth century we learn 
that this cup was at that period used for the Communion of the 
Sick. 

2. A Chalice of Silver, gilt. Height, 10 inches ; diameter 
of mouth 4^ inches, of foot o inches; depth of bowl, 4g inches; 
weight, 8£ ozs. 

No marks. 

On the bowl, which is straight-sided and squarish in outline, 
are engraved the arms of Christ Church within stiff feather-like 
mantling. The stem has a small knop formed by a triple moulding. 
The foot is slightly convex. 

3. A Chalice of Silver, gilt. A duplicate of the last, but 

weighing 9 ozs. 

Both these cups probably date from the Kestoration, but new 
feet were put to them in 1756. 

4 and 5. The two Paten-covers to the above cups are 
H inches high and o\ inches in diameter. They weigh 7 ozs. 
each. 

On the foot, surrounded by feather mantling, are the arms of 
Christ Church. 

6. A Chalice of Silver, gilt. Height, 9\ inches ; diameter 
of mouth 3$ inches, of foot o-jjj- inches ; depth of bowl, oh 
inches ; weight, 9£ ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1854. Maker's mark, 
J. A., in a two-lobed escutcheon. 

The bowl is deep, of oval form, and below the mouth is a belt 
■ >i small arcading. The sacred monogram i.i).t. appears within a 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 269 

circle, and around arc four trefoiled arches with cusped tabernacle- 
work in each. Beneath the bowl is an elaborate collar with sixteen 
points to its rim, eight of them being trefoiled. The stem is 
octagonal, and has a knop with slight Btraight pilasters, alternating 
with hollow mouldings surmounted by a cable moulding. The foot 
is octagonal, its outline shewing eight convex lobes, and eight small 
projecting angles alternately. Upon the eight faces of the slope 
of the foot are engraved these words (in Gothic lettering) : " Ex 
Dono | Sophire Small j Vidua? ob. 1857 | In usum Ecclesise | Christi 
Cantuar | Dicavit B. H. | Canonicus Senior j Die Pasch." 

Mrs. Sophia Small, a former resident in Canterbury, presented 
this cup to the Cathedral through the late Venerable Benjamin 
Harrison, Archdeacon of Maidstone 1S45 — 1888. 

7. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 8| inches ; diameter of 
mouth 3| inches, of foot 4 inches ; depth of bowl, 4| inches ; 
weight, 15 ozs. 

-London Hall Marks of the year 1 886. Maker's mark, G.F. 

(George Fox). 

Inscribed under the foot : " D.D., E. Payne Smith Uecanus anno 
regni Dnae. Victoria? quinquagesimo 1887." 

8. A Chalice of Silver. 

A duplicate of the last. 

These cups, which are quasi-Elizabethan in form, have belts of 
hyphens on the bowl, knop, and foot, and the arms of Christ Church 
are engraved on their bowls. 

The Very Eev. Eobert Payne Smith, D.D., was Dean of Can- 
terbury from 1871 to 1895. He had previously been Eegius 
Professor of Divinity at Oxford and Canon of Christ Church, 
Oxford. Dr. Payne Smith was an eminent Oriental scholar, and 
a member of the Committee for the revision of the Old Testament. 

9. A Paten of Silver. Height, 2| inches ; diameter, 
8| inches ; weight, 13 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1756. Maker's mark, 
W.G., for William Grundy of Goff Square. 

The edge has a gadroon pattern, and on the under side of the 
foot is the sacred monogram, etc., en soleil. In the centre of the 
field are the arms of Christ Church in an oval, surrounded by 
mantling. On the reverse is the following inscription : " The Gift 
of Philip Weston in Berkshire, Esq." The donor, by his will made 
in 1727, bequeathed 40 marks, or £26 3s. -id., to the Dean and 
Chapter for the purcdiase of Communion vessels. He also left 
money for the purchase of a flagon for Lynsted Church. 



270 CHURCH PLATE IX KENT. 

10. A Paten of Silver. 

A duplicate of the last. 

11. A Paten of Silver. Height, 2£ inches; diameter, 
6i inches, of foot 3| inches ; weight, 12 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1887. Maker's mark, 
G.F. 

The arms of Christ Church are engraved on the central foot. 
In the centre of the field is a triple row of hyphens within a circle. 

12. A Paten of Silver. 

A duplicate of the above. 



Nos. 1 1 and 12 were both given by Dean Payne Smith in 18S7. 

13. A Flagon "/Silver. Height, 14 inches; diameter of 
month 4| inches, of bulb 7 inches, of foot 6£ inches ; weight, 
62 j ozs. troy. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1664. Maker's mark, 
on a plain shield a mullet above an escallop between pellets 
and annulets. 

Mr. Crippa records this mark as occurring on a pair of repousxe 
candlesticks in the Imperial Treasury at Moscow, dated 1664. It 
also occurs on Communion Flagons, dated 1624, at St. Mary, 
Hornsey. 

Jug shaped, with spout and flattish lid surmounted by a cross 
pommette'e. The bowl is globular, and stands upon a short stem, 
divided by a round knop between a cable moulding, between which 
are dependent leaves in applique work. Similar ornamentation is 
applied to the lid. The lower part of the curved handle terminates 
in a serpent's head. On the bowl arc the arms of Christ Church 
within stiff mantling. The foot unscrews from the body. 

14. A Flagon of Silver. 

A duplicate of the last, weighing 60i ozs. troy. 

15. An Alms-dish of Silver. Height, 1£ inches ; diameter, 
11 inches; weight, 22 ozs. 

No marks. Punctured on the under side 20£ ozs. 

The centre is bossed up to form a convex scxfoil, with a point 
between each pair of its curves. The rim has a small but elaborate 
moulding, shewn in our engraving. 




CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL. NOS. 15 AND 16. 




CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL. NO. 18. 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 271 

16. An Alms-dish of Silver. 

A duplicate of the last, but punctured on the under side 
19| ozs. 

The late Canon Scott Robertson described those Alms-dishes as 
Elizabethan or Jacobean. It seems not unlikely, however, that they 
may be identified with the "Two sylver BassonB lately belonging to 
Canterbury College (Oxford)," mentioned in the Inventory of 1562. 

17. An Alms-dish of Silver. Diameter, 18g inches; weight, 
52 ozs. 

No Hall Marks. 

The maker's mark was thought by the late Canon Scott Robert- 
son to represent " a man's head and bust," but this is very doubtful. 
A mark similar to the above is noted by Mr. Wilfrid Cripps as 
used by a goldsmith who, circa 16(50, made vessels that are at the 
Chapels of Kensington Palace, St. James's Palace, and Eton College. 
It seems not improbable that this dish may be identified as the 
" great silver bason " set down in the Inventory of 1634. 

A small egg-and-tongue moulding surrounds the outer edge, and 
in the centre is the sacred monogram, etc., en soleil. 

18. Two Candlesticks of Silver, gilt. Height, \1\ inches, 
exclusive of the pricket, which is 5^ inches long. 

No marks. 

These candlesticks have their surfaces entirely covered with a 
peculiar diaper, similar in outline to the skin of a pine-apple, but 
perfectly smooth. This pattern occurs on the Ciboria or Pixes at 
Rochester Cathedral. They have lost their original bases, and 
from this fact it seems probable that they are the candlesticks 
mentioned in the Inventory of 1562 as " defased, given by the late 
L. Cardinall Poole." Candlesticks are mentioned in the Inventory 
of 1631, but not in that made at the time of the Restoration, 
probably because they had not yet been brought out of their hiding 
place. In 1689 we have the following entry: "Two great silver 
candlesticks with their cases." When the rest of the Church Plate 
was regilt in 1756 the candlesticks were not included, perhaps 
because they were no longer used. 

19. A Strainer Spoon of Silver. Length, 7 inches ; length 
of bowl If inches; width, 1 inch. 

No marks. 

The strainer first appears in the Inventory of 1745. and is 
probably not much earlier than that date. The bowl is perforated, 
and the handle thin and long. 



272 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

20. A Chalice of Silver, gilt. Height, 8f inches ; diameter 
of mouth 4| inches, of foot 6A_ inches ; weight, 144 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1898. Maker's mark, 
C.K., in an oblong stamp. Stamped Krall. 

Inscribed on the under side of the foot: "D.D.D. Georgia* 
Rawlinson Canonicus e gravi morbo recreatus Xativ. Doin. 
mldcccxctiii + Hunt- Calieem C'athedrali suav." The arms of Christ 
Church are stamped ander the foot. 

This is a handsome Chalice, with a plain elliptical bowl, on a 
round stem, with large embossed knop, pierced with small qaatre- 
foils, and jewelled with sis amethysts and the same namber of 
small pearls. The foot is circalar. and is divided into six compart- 
ments, containing in relief representations of (1) a Dove ; (2) an 
Angel displaying the instruments of the Passion upon a shield; 

(3) the upper part of a Cracifix between the San and Moon; 

(4) as Xo. 2; (5) a Pelican feeding her young; (6) the Agnas 
Dei. The whole elaborately jewelled. 

The Rev. George Rawlinson, M.A., sometime Fellow of Exeter 
College, Oxford, was Camden Professor of Ancient History in the 
University of Oxford from 1861 to 1889. In 1872 he was appointed 
a < anon of Canterbary, and from 1888 until his death in 1903 was 
Rector of All Hallows, Lombard Street, in the City of London. 
Canon Rawlinson was the author of a well-known translation of the 
works of Herodotus, of a His tory of the Five Great Jlonarchies of 
the Eastern World, and of many other books relating to kindred 
subjects. 

21, 22, 23, and 24. Four Collecting -plates of Base Metal. 
Diameter, 11 inches. Stamped on the under side " Registered 
Dec r 6 th , 1875." 

These are partially closed in at the top, and are inscribed 
respectively (Gothic lettering): (1) ''Freely ye have received, 
freely give;" (2) "Open thine hand wide;" (3) "God loveth a 
cheerfal giver;" (4) "The love of Christ constraineth us." 



The Dean and Chapter also possess a pocket Commanion service 
for clinical purposes of silver, gilt and chased, with London Hall 
Marks of the year 1842. Makers' mark, Gs ' (Rawlins & Sumner). 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 273 



CANTERBURY, ALL SAINTS. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 5| inches; diameter of 
mouth 4| inches, of foot 4£ inches; depth of bowl, 4£ inches; 
weight, 17 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1698 (new sterling). 
Maker's mark, An., for William Andrews. 

Inscribed in script round the bowl, u Ex dono H. Bralesford, 
Recto r Parochice Omnium Sanctorum Anno 1700." 

The bowl is almost cylindrical, with slight lip and flat base; the 
thick hollow stem has a very small knop. 

The Eev. Humphry Bralesford was instituted to the united 
benefices of All Saints and St. Mildred in 1684, and resigned both 
livings in 1708. All Saints is now held with the Bectory of 
St. Alphege, but the Church has been closed for Divine Service for 
several years. 

2. A Paten-cover of Silver. Height, 1^ inches; diameter 
5| inches, of button 2§ inches; weight, 7 ozs. 

The marks are the same as on No. 1. 

Has a vertical edge with a narrow rim, ornamented by thread 
moulding ; the same is used on the foot. 

3. A Paten of Silver. Height, 2| inches ; diameter 
7| inches, of foot 2f inches ; weight, 8 ozs. 

The marks are the same as on No. 1. 

On the under side, "All Saints, Cant., 1700." 

4. An Alms-dish of Silver. Height, 3| inches ; diameter 
12^ inches, of foot 3f inches; weight, 30 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1774. Maker's mark, 
I.I. (John Innocent probably). 

Inscribed on the under side, "All Saints, Cant- V , 1775. Given 
by the Rev d S. Fremoult, a native of the Parish." 

The Eev. Samuel Fremoult was Eector of "Wootton, near Bar- 
ham, from January 1739-40 until his death in September 177!). 
He was also Curate of Barham, to which parish he gave in 1753 
" One large Chalice of silver, with a glory engraven upon it, for the 
use of the Communion; weight, 28 oz. l d " (Barham Parish 
Eegister). This cup is no longer to be found at Barham. Many 
of the Fremoult family were buried at St. Mildred's. Canterbury. 



VOL. XXVII. 



274 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

CANTERBURY, ST. ALPHEGE. 

1. .4 Chalice of Silver. Height, 7| inches ; diameter, 
4} inches; depth of bowl, 4£ inches; weight, 13 ozs. 

No marks. 

Inscribed on the bowl, " S l Alpbege In Canterbury June the 
First • 171 i *." 

This is apparently an Elizabethan cup. The bowl is shaped like 
an inverted truncated cone, with a slight lip. Two bands of con- 
ventional foliage between interlacing fillets surround it. The stem 
is divided by a small annular knop, whence it swells out on either 
side, and is united to the bowl and foot by a small reed moulding. 
The foot is slightly convex. 

2. A Paten of Silver. Height, 2f inches ; diameter, 
8£ inches; weight, 10 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1706. Maker's mark, 
S.L., with a coronet above the letters and a mullet 
beneath, (?) Gabriel Sleath. 

Inscribed ou the under side, " IS 1 Alpbege in Canterbury 1700." 
A plain circular vessel on a central trumpet-shaped foot. Tlie 

edge of the Paten and its foot is ornamented with a gadroon 

moulding. 

3. An Alms-dish of Silver* Diameter, 8^ inches; weight, 
9 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1734. Makers' mark, 

T. & (?) S. ; above the letters a crowned rose. 

Inscribed on the under side, " S l Alphege in Canterbury." In 
the centre of the field, surrounded by mantling, are the following 
arms: " Grilles, three seeded roses argent, a chief vair." Crest: 
•■ A Lion's bead erased." These are the arms of Taylor of Bifrons. 
The donor wa> probably the Rev. Herbert Taylor, M.A., who was 
Hector of St. A Iphege from 1 A ugusl 1 ~ li ( J to 1 753, when he resigned 
on his collation to the Vicarages of Bridge with Patrixbourne. 

I and 5. Two Flagons of Base Metal. Height, 14i inches; 
diameter of mouth 4i inches, of foot 8£ inches. 

Inscribed under the foot, " S l Alphege in Canterbury." 



* There were formerly two Alms-dishes. In the Vestry-book, under the 
year 1 86 1, we read : " < me of the Sill er Alms-dishes \\;is stolen from the Church 
aboul a year ago & has no1 Bince been found or replaced. — E. G." Edward 
Gilder, Vicar of St. Duostan'sand Kuril Dean]. 




ST. ANDREW'S, CANTERBURY, NO. 5. 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 275 

CANTERBURY, ST. ANDREW. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 7f inches; diameter of 
mouth 4£ inches, of foot 4 inches ; weight, 12£ ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1790. Makers' mark, 
P.B. over A.B., in a square stamp, for Peter and Ann 
Bateman. 

The egg-shaped bowl is supported by a plain stem swelling out 
into a trumpet-shaped foot, on which is inscribed, " + S' Andrew 
the Apostle, Canterbury, 1791." 

2. A Paten of Silver. Height, 1 inch ; diameter 5| 
inches, of foot 3 inches ; weight, 4 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1871. Maker's mark, 
E.G. over B., in a three-lobed stamp. 

Inscribed upon the first depression, " + S* Andrew the 
Apostle + Canterbury, Christmas 1871 +." 

3. A Paten-cover of Silver. Height, lj inches; diameter 
4 inches, of button 1£ inches; weight, 3 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1770. Maker's mark, 
T.W., in an oblong stamp. 

4. An Alms-dish of Silver. Diameter, 9 inches ; weight, 
11 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1791. Makers' mark, 

P.B. over A.B., in a square stamp, for Peter and Ann 

Bateman. 

Inscribed round the first depression, " -+- S l Andrew the 
Apostle + Canterbury, 1791 +." 

5. An Alms-dish of Silver, gilt. Diameter, 9^ inches; 
weight, 8^ ozs. 

No plate marks. 

Inscribed upon the under side, between a very small shield of 
arms (bearing apparently three pheons on a bend) and a slipped 
rose, " Charles Wetenhall sometyme Maior of the City of Canter- 
bury, borne in Cheshire, gave this to the parish of S l Andrew, 
for ever, who dyed 1(315. John Gosby and Thomas AVhite, 
Ch. -wardens." 

This is a wine-taster, and a beautiful specimen of seventeenth- 
century repousse work. In the centre of the field is a broad bowl 
with a plant in it, surrounded by a circular wreath of oak-leaves with 
acorns. Around this is an arcade of sixteen round-headed arches, 
filled alternately with pairs of acorns and covered two-handled cups. 

T 2 



270 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

The following are extracts from the accounts of the Church- 
wardens of the parish: — 

'•1562. Receaved of M r Henry Aldeye Alderman for the 
overpluse of the great Chalice iiij 1 ' iij 

" Eeceaved more for the Lytell Chalice wayinge viii oz. and 
i qr. at v s the oz. xlj 3 iij 1 ' 

" 1595. Paide for x plate Candellstikes & iij woode Candell 
stiks xx 11 

" 1616. Item pavd for gildinge the peece of Plate that 
M r Wetenhall gave to' the parish l u 4 s J 

■■ Item for a bagge to put in the Plate M r "Wetenhall 
crave 4 d 

"1620. Rec. of the gouklsmith for 2j ounces 3 qrs. of silver 
at 5 s 2 d 5 1 ' 12 s 4 li ." 

In an Inventory, dated 1684, of Church goods in some of the 
Citv Churches in Canterbury, now preserved amongst the Tanner 
MSS. in the Bodleian Library [126, 97 J, are the following entries 
relating to the Church Plate then existing at St. Andrews: — 

•• One Communion Cup double gilt with a cover. Walter 
Southwell, John Lade, Churchwardens, at the bottom of it." 

•• A Silver patten wrought work double gilt with upon it 
' Charles Wettenhall Maior of the City of Canterbury borne in 
Cheshire gave this to the parish of S f Andrew for ever who died 
1615. John Gosby & Thomas White Ch. -wardens.' 

" Three large pewter flagons. 

" Three pewter plates to put them upon." 

Charles "Wettenhall was Mayor of Canterbury in 159S. 

6 and 7. Tivo Flagons of Sheffield Plated Ware. Height, 
12 inches ; diameter of mouth 3f inches, of foot 5£ inches. 

The lids, which are bossed up in the centre, are ornamented 
with a gadroon moulding round their edge. 

8 and 9. Two Pevjter Plates. Diameter, 9£ inches. 
The marks are a crowned rose and .... tha fly. 

Inscribed in script on the under side, " Edward Jural), William 
Peele, Churchwardens, 1708." 



ST. DUNSTAN'S. 

1. A Chalice of Silver, (jilt. Height, 7' inches; diameter 
of mouth M inches, of foot 3f inches ; weight, 10 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1774. Maker's mark, 

JF. (?) 13. (Frederic DeveerP). 

[nscribed : " Given to the Parish of S* Dunstan's, Kent, By | 

UJen, 1775." 
A plain bell-shaped bowl with lip ; the stem has a small oval knop. 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 277 

2. A Chalice of Silver. 

A duplicate of the last. Both are stamped under the 

foot SJ>. 

3. A Paten of Silver. Height, 2 inches ; diameter, 
6§ inches ; weight, 6^ ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1639. 

Maker's mark. The Eev. W. A. Scott Eobertson (Archceoloyia 
Cantiana, Vol. XVI., p. 389) says, "T.C. in a shaped shield, with 
an object perhaps a fish over the letters," but this is by no means 
clear, the mark being nearly obliterated. 

The convex side is engraved with four conventional sprays of 
Elizabethan foliage. Mr. Scott Eobertson thought this portion 
formed part of an earlier paten-cover, and that the broad rim was 
welded round it in 1(51 L [sic]. 

4. A Paten of Silver. Diameter, 9h inches ; weight, 
15 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1720 (new sterling). 
Maker's mark obliteiated. 

Inscribed on the under side, "The Gift of -Elizabeth Scremton, 
Spinster, to S 1 Dunstance Church in Canterbury." 

A triple moulding surrounds the rim, and on the first depression 
are the following arms : Within a lozenge and surrounded by 
mantling, two bars, in chief three beasts' heads. 

5. A Paten of Silver. Diameter, 6 inches ; weight, 3 ozs. 
London Hall Marks of the year 1869. Maker's mark, 

B.P.W. 

Inscribed on the flat rim, " S 1 Dunstan's, Canterbury, Christ- 
mas 1869." A cross patonce within interlacing circles is in the 
centre of the field. 

6. A Paten of Base Metal. Diameter, 9 T V inches. 

7. A Flagon of Base Metal. Height, 10 inches. 

8. A Flagon of Pewter. Height, 13 inches ; diameter of 
mouth 4^ inches, of foot 6| inches. 

Marks : imitation silver-plate marks, X crowned, 3L<T. 

A tall straight-sided tankard with hinged lid, with finial, bold 
R -shaped handle, and splayed-out foot. 



278 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

CANTERBURY, ST. GEORGE THE MARTYR. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 8^ inches; diameter of 
mouth 4^ inches, of foot -A inches ; weight, 15 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1753. Makers' mark, 

T. 
R. & g., for Richard Gurney and T. Cooke. 
c. 

Inscribed: "S l George, Canterbury | Jo. Head, D.D., Rector. 
J aines Harnett, Robert Le Geyt, Churchwardens, 1753." 

A plain bell-shaped cup, with stem divided by a small round 
knop between fillets. 

2. A Paten-cover of Silver. Height, 1| inches; diameter 
5j inches, of button 2 inches ; weight, 7 ozs. 

Marks and inscription as on No. 1. 

The Venerable John Head, D.D., fourth son of Sir Francis 
Head, Bart., was Rector of St. George the Martyr and St. Mary 
Magdalen in Canterbury from 1730 to 1760. In the latter year he 
was collated to the Rectory of Ickham, and from 1748 to 1769 was 
Archdeacon of Canterbury. He married Miss Jane Geekie, and 
died in Dec. 1769, and was buried in the cdianeel of Ickham Church. 

Robert Le Geyt, fifth son of Philip Le Geyt, was a native of 
Jersey. His first wife, a daughter of John Belvoir of Montgomery- 
shire, died 1766, and was buried at St. George's. By his second wife 
Ann Chandler he had three sons, of whom the eldest, Philip, 
became successively Yicar of St. Xicholas-at-Wade, Chislet, Ping- 
would, and Marden. 

3. An Alms-dish of Silver. Diameter, 13 inches ; weight, 
34 ozs. Date letter obliterated. 

The maker's mark is very clear, viz., T.C., with a dolphin 

above and fleur-de-lis below the letters. This mark occurs 

on two patens of the Church of St. Edmund the King and 

Martyr, London, made in 1679. 

This is an interesting piece of seventeenth-century silversmiths' 
work. The greater part of the surface is hammered, so that it 
has the appearance of frosted silver. On the flat rim are four 
cartouches left plain, hearing severally the following texts : " Give 
to the poor and thou shalt have treasure in heaven," " If thou hast 
much give plenteously," etc., " Let him thai is taught in the Word," 
etc, "If there he first a willing mind," ete. Also the following 
arms and inscription : " Three bare daneette. And cheeky, on afesse 
three leopards 1 heads erased. D.D.D. Eliz. Lovejoy, AD. 1691." 
In the centre of the field in an oval within rays is the legend, " God 
loveth a cheerful giver." 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 279 

Elizabeth Lovejoy, widow of the Rev. George Lovejoy, M..A . 

sometime Fellow of Morton College, Oxford, and Head Blaster of 
the King's School, Canterbury, from 1665 to 1684, died in L694, 
and was buried in the Church of St. Peter in the Isle of Thanet. 
By her will (printed in Lewis's History of Thanet, col. p. 93, 
No. xlvii) she left numerous bequests to the Church of St. Peter, 
Thanet, and was a liberal benefactress to the hospitals of Canterbury, 
to the Grammar School and Hospital of Islington, and to the 
Grammar School of Wyeomb in the County of Buckingham. 
During her lifetime she gave to the Church and parish of St. Peter, 
Thanet, two silver flagons. 

4 and 5. Two Flagons of Silver. Height, 11 ^ inches : 
diameter of mouth 4 inches, of foot 7 inches ; weight, 48 ozs. 
Marks as on No. 3. 

Tankards with domed lids and splayed-out feet. 

Engraved on the front with the sacred monogram, etc., en soleil, 

and the words, "This Communion Plate was bought for the use of 

S' George the Martyr in Canterbury by the voluntary Contributions 

of the Minister and some of the principal Parishioners. 

Jo. Head, D.D., Sector. 

James Harnett 1 r ,, , i », 
t> i ^t rs j. > Churchwardens. 
Robert Le Gevt J 

1753. 

In an Inventory, dated 1684, now preserved amongst the 
Tanner MSS. in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, we find the 
following entries : — 

"One silver Communion Cup with a cover weighing 28 ounces, 
with upon it S l George of Canterbury, dated April the 4 th , 1618. 

" One silver patten bearing the same date with the same inscrip- 
tion. 

" Two pewter Haggons." 



CANTERBURY, ST. GREGORY.* 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 7|f inches; diameter of 
mouth 4 T 7 g inches, of foot 5£ inches ; weight, 13 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1881. Maker's mark. 

T.P., in an oval stamp. 

Inscribed underneath the foot, " S f Gregory the Great, Canter- 
bury | To the Glory of God, 1882." The plain elliptical bowl is 
supported on a hexagonal stem with plain knop. The foot is sex- 
foil. 

* Built in 1848, as a memorial to Archbishop Howlcy. 



280 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

2. A Paten of Silver. Diameter, 7 inches; weight, 6 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1874. Makers' mark, 
J. J ' 

E.B. \v. 
S. 

Inscribed on the under side, " To the Glory of God, S. Gregory's, 
Canterbury, 1891." The central depression is gilt. 

3. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 8^ inches; diameter of 

mouth 3| inches, of foot 4 inches ; weight, 13 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1850. Makers' mark, 
E.J. . 

B. in a four-lobed stamp. 
8.W. 

The sacred monogram, etc., is engraved on the bulb-shaped 
bowl, which is gilt inside. The stem is of baluster form. 

4. A Paten of Silver. Diameter, 8 inches ; weight, 11 ozs. 
The marks are the same as on No. 3. 

Inscribed : " S l Gregory the Great, 1852." The sacred monogram, 
etc., is in the centre of the field. 

5. An Alms-dish of Silver. Diameter, 10 inches ; weight, 
17 ozs. 

Marks and inscription as on the last. 

6. An Alms-dish of Silver. 

A duplicate of the last, but having the London Hall 
Mark of the year 1848. 

7. A Flagon of Silver. Height, 10^ inches. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1851. Makers' mark and 
inscription as on No. 3. 

A ewer-shaped vessel with narrow neck, handle, cover, and 
spout. The sacred monogram, etc.. is engraved on the foot. 



CANTEEBUEY, HOLY OEOSS. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 8f inches ; diameter 4 inches, 
of foot 3| inches ; depth of bowl, 4| inches ; weight, 14 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1585. Maker's mark, 
G.E., in monogram. 

This is a good typical Elizabethan cup. Round the deep straight- 
Bided bow] is a baud of conventional foliage between h'llets, with 
pendants at the interlacing points. An egg-and-tongue moulding 
unites the bowl to the short stem, which is divided by a plain round 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 281 

knop, and swells out in both directions. The foot is convex, and 
has a thread moulding succeeded at its outer edge by the egg and 
tongue. 

2. A Paten-cover of Silver. Height, 1^ inches; diameter 
4f inches, of foot 1^ inches; weight, 4 ozs. 

The marks are the same as on the cup. 

On the button, between slips of foliage, is the date " 1587." 
The convex side is ornamented by a band of foliage similar to that 
on the cup. 

3. An Alms-dish or Credence Paten of Silver. Height, 
3 inches; diameter 12 inches, of foot 4§ inches; weight, 
27 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1769. Maker's mark 

obliterated. 

Inscribed on the under side, " Holy Cross, Westgate, Cant>', 
given by the Rev d M 1 ' Sam 1 Fremoult, 1775."* The sacred mono- 
gram, cross, etc., en soleil, are engraved iu the centre. 

4. A Paten of Silver. Diameter, 7 inches ; weight, 11 ozs. 
London Hall Marks of the year 1887. Makers' mark, 

J.W. over E.C. 

Inscribed : " Holy Cross Church, Canterbury, Philip Wood 

Loosemore, M.A., Vicar. 

John Callow ) ,-,, i , 1DD . „ 
t T\/r n c Churchwardens 1887. 

J. M. Cowper ) 

The sacred monogram, etc., en soleil, is in the centre of the held. 

5. A Flagon of Silver. Height, 12 inches; diameter of 
mouth 2 inches, of foot 5 inches ; weight, 26£ ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1883. 

Inscribed : " To the | Glory of God | and in | Loving Memory 
of Joseph Harris Cowper | Born at Davington 1867, died at Clyro 
August 1880. Given to the Holy Cross Church, Canterbury, By the 
Father and mother of the child 1883. Qui alienaverit anathema sit." 

A ewer-shaped vessel with hinged lid surmounted by a double 
cross. Round the bulb is a band with three circles bearing 
respectively the Agnus Dei, a cross patonce, and the sacred 
monogram. 

The donor, Mr. John Meadows Cowper, is well known to Kentish 
antiquaries and genealogists for his numerous transcriptions of 
Parish Registers. He is also the author of Lives of the Deans of 
Canterbury, Our Parish Books and what thei/ tell us, Memorial 
Inscriptions in Canterbury Cathedral, and many other useful works. 

* See under All Saints, p. 273. 



282 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

CANTERBURY, ST. MARGARET. 

1. A Chalice of Silver, gilt. Height, Sh inches; diameter 
of mouth 4J inches, of foot 4i inches ; weight, 18 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1708 (new sterling;. 
Maker's mark, W.A., with a mitre above the letters in a 
fonr-lobed stamp. 

The bowl is bell shaped, with a lip, and has a raised triple 
moulding round its centre, above which is engraved the cross, etc., 
en sole/1, and beneath is the following inscription : " Hnnc Calicem 
in sacra? meusae usurn Deo & Sc ffi Marg t£e Cant 18 Eccl' 86 obtulit 
quorundam Generosorurn jfia Liberalitas impetrante Thoma John- 
son, A.M., ejusdem Eccl'* Ministro, a.d. 1709." Underneath the 
foot, 16 = 5. 

Thomas Johnson was Rector of St. Margaret's from 1713 to 
1727 ; he was also a Minor Canon of the Cathedral and Vicar of 
Brookland. 

2. A Paten-cover of Silver, gilt. Height, 1^ inches ; 
diameter &§ inches, of button li inches; weight, 7 ozs. 

The marks are the same as on No. 1. 

The rim is moulded, and the cross, etc.. en soleil, is engraved in 
the centre of the field. Inscribed as No. 1, with the exception that 
" Ilnnc patinam " is substituted for " Hunc Calicem." 

3 and 4. Two Flagons of Silver. Height, 12£ inches; 
diameter of mouth 4f inches, of foot 7 inches ; weight, 
62 ozs. 

The same marks as the last two. 

The inscription is the same as on No. 1, with the exception of 
the words •• Sane lagenam " for " Hunc Calicem." 

These are fine tankard-shaped vessels, with well-moulded domed 
lids surmounted by a conventional rose. Scratched beneath the 
foot are the following figures, 57 . 6. 

5. An Alms-dish of Silver. Height, i inch ; diameter, 
10 inches; weight, 19 ozs. 

The same marks as on the above. 

Inscribed as Jjfo. 2. The cross, etc., en soleil, is engraved in 
the centre of the field. On the underside, 17 = 15. 

6. An AfiKs-ilis/i ifsilrcr. Diameter, 7 .{ inches; weight, 
i:; OZS. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1725. Maker's mark, 
I '.!>., in an oblong stamp with the upper corners cut off 
C? Richard Bayley) . 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 2K\ 

Inscribed: " S l Margaret's | Canterbury | 17i>(> | T. Johnson, 
Minister | W. Carter, T. Denn, Churchwardens." Also the follow- 
ing text, '' S l Matt. 5, ver. 16, Let your light so shine before nun 
that they may see your good works," etc. The cross, etc., en soldi, 
is in the centre of the field. 

7. An Alms-dish of Silver. 

A duplicate of the last, but inscribed with the legend, " Pro- 
verbs 19. ver. 17, He that hath pity on the poor Lendeth to the 
Lord," etc. 



Base metal handles have been added to the last two vessels, 
probably in recent years. 

8. A Cruet of Base Metal. Height, 11 inches. 
Modern, church furnisher's type. 



CANTERBURY, ST. MARTIN'S. 

1. A Paten of Silver, gilt. Height, li inches; diameter 
6| inches, of foot 2^ inches ; weight, 6^ ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1685. Maker's mark, 
T.K., with a leaf below the letters. 

The paten has a moulded edge. The sacred monogram, etc., 
en soleil, is engraved in the centre of the field, surrounded by the 
following inscription : " Deo : et : S u Martini Ecclesiae dedicatum #." 

2. A Paten of Silver, gilt. Height, 1| inches ; diameter 
8| inches, of foot 3f inches ; weight, 13| ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1772. Maker's mark, 
T. over M., in an oval stamp. 

Very flat, with a moulded edge. The sacred monogram, etc., 
en soleil, is engraved in the centre of the field. 

3. A Chalice of Silver, gilt. Height, 8\ inches ; diameter 
of mouth 5 inches, of foot 4j inches ; weight, 15| ozs. 

Birmingham Hall Marks of the year 1870. Maker's 
mark, F.E. 

The elliptical bowl is ornamented in its lower parts by wavy 
applique work. The cylindrical stem is slightly jewelled. The foot 
is sexfoil. 



284 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

4. A Flagon of Silver, (jilt. Height, 13 inches ; diameter 
of mouth 2§ inches, of foot 4 inches ; weight, 23§ ozs. 

The marks are the same as on No. 3. 

Flask shaped, with spout and cover, surmounted by a cross 
patonce. 

The above vessels are kept in an ancient coffer covered with 
leather and strongly bound with ornamental wrought-iron work. 

5. An Alms-dish of Brass. 

This is an interesting dish of beaten brasswork. In the second 
depression is a seven-petalled rose, which occupies the greater part 
of the field, in the centre of which is a silver medal representing 
St. Martin dividing his cloak with the beggar. This dish is said to 
have been given to the Church about sixty years ago by the late 
Mr. Daniel Finch of the Cathedral Precincts and some time Auditor 
to the Dean and Chapter. 



CANTERBURY, ST. MARY BREDIN. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 7f inches; diameter of 
mouth 3| inches, of foot 4 inches; depth of bowl, 4h inches. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1811. Maker's mark, R.G., 
in a rectangular stamp (Robert Garrard of Panton Street). 

Inscribed round the edge of the foot, "Saint Mary Bredin, 
Canterbury, purchased 1811." The bowl is wine-glass shaped, 
engraved with the sacred monogram, etc., en soleil. Round the 
foot is a bead moulding. 

2. A Paten of Silver. Height, 2\ inches ; diameter 
of inches, of foot 2| inches. 

Marks and inscription as on the Chalice. 

The Paten has a beaded edge ; the sacred monogram, etc., is on 
the foot. 

3. A Paten of Silver. Height, 2£ inches ; diameter 6 inches, 
of foot 2f inches. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1885. 

Inscribed as the last, but with the date " 1886." 

4. A Paten <;/' Silver. Diameter 4-,-^ inches, of foot 
2$ inches. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1870. 

[nscribed: "Presented to S l Mary Bredin's Church by the 
Ki v' 1 G. B. Lee Warner, M.A., Vicar." 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 285 

The Eev. Ct. B. Lee Warner, M.A. of Brasenose College, Oxford, 
third sou of the Eev. Daniel Henry Lee Warner of Bozwell, Glou- 
cestershire, was Yicar of St. Mary Bredin from 1851 until his death 
7 Jan. 18S0. During his incumbency the Church was rebuilt. 

5. A Flagon of Silver. Height, 13 inches ; diameter of 
mouth 4{ inches, of foot 5| inches. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1777. Maker's mark, 
B.S., for Ben Stephen of Ludgate Hill. 

Inscribed on the edge of the foot, " Saint Mary Bredin, Canter- 
bury, purchased 1811." 

This is a fine ewer-shaped vessel, gilt inside, on a raised foot. 
It has a removable cover, with round finial, and a hinged lid to the 
spout, on which is a beaded moulding. 

6. A Chalice of Silver. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1873. 

Made to match No. 1. Gilt inside. 

7. An Alms-dish of Silver. Diameter, 9^ inches. 
Marks and inscription as on No. 1. 

In the centre, which is much bossed up, is engraved the sacred 
monogram, etc., en soleil. The edge is beaded. 

8. An Alms-dish of Silver. 

A duplicate of the last, but not bossed up in the centre. 

9. An Alms-dish of Base Metal. Diameter, 9| inches. 

Beaded edge. 



CANTERBURY, ST. MARY BREDMAN.* 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 7 inches; diameter of 
mouth 3^ inches, of foot 3 inches; weight, 9 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1770. Maker's mark, 
T.W., in rectangular stamp (Thos. Wynne, entered 1754). 

The bell-shaped bowl has a moulded lip, and bears the following 
inscription within a wreath of foliage : " S' Mary Bredman | The 
Rev d J. Duncombe | Hector. 

I'w2 r er} Churcluvardens -'' 

* The Church (which hud been rebuilt in 1822) was pulled down a few years 
ago. The Plate is kept at the offices of the Capital and Counties Bank. 



286 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

2. .-1 Paten of Silver. Height, 1\ inches; diameter of 
mouth 7 inches, of foot 3| inches; weight, 1(H ozs. 

London Hull Marks of the year 1822. Maker's mark, 
E.B., under certain other letters no longer legible. 

Inscribed on the first depression, " Parish of S l Mary Bredinan, 

Canterbury." 

The Rev. John Duncombe was born in the year 1730, and was 
educated at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. In the year 1757 
Archbishop Herring presented him to the livings of St. Andrew 
with St. Mary Bredman in Canterbury. In 1776 Archbishop Seeker 
appointed him one of the Six Preachers, and in 1773 Archbishop 
Cornwallis gave him the Vicarage of Heme. He was also Master 
of the Hospitals of St. Nicholas, Harbledown, and of St. John in 
Canterbury, of both of which he published accounts in Bibliotheca 
Topographica Britannica. In addition to these he wrote a History 
of Heme and Heci/Iver, and edited Gostlinfs Walk about Canter- 
bun/ and Archbishop Herring's Letters, and was the author of several 
poetical effusions, the chief of which is entitled The Feminead. He 
died in 1786, and his memorial tablet was formerl}- in the Church 
of St. Mary Bredman. 

In the Inventory of 1684 [Tanner MSS., Bodleian, 126, 97], 
mention is made of the following Plate in this Church : — 

" One small silver Communion Cup with a cover, marked at the 
top of the cover 1573." 

" One pewter flaggpn." 

" One pewter plate." 



CANTERBURY, ST. MARY MAGDALENE.* 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 7 f inches; diameter of 
mouth i\ inches, of foot 4f inches; weight, 12 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1650. Maker's mark, 
W.M., with swine object between pellets below the letters, 
in a plain pointed shield. 

It is not clear what the object is, but it is not a mullet as in the 
mark recorded by Mr. Cripps as occurring on a piece of plate 
belonging to Viscount Midleton dated 1658. 

* The benefice is united with thai of St. George the Martyr. The Church, 
with the exception of ih" tower, was pulled down iu the year 1871. The 
Church Plate is kepi at the offices of the Capital and Counties Bank. 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 287 

The capacious bowl is Btraight-sided with a flattish base, and is 
ornamented by a single belt of conventional foliage between tillets 
interlacing three times in hour-glass curves. The Btem is very 

short, and divided bj a large flat knop. The letters ' :. arc rudely 

engraved on the side of the bowl. 

2. A Paten-cover of Silver. Height, 1£ inches ; diameter, 
6 inches ; weight, 8 ozs. 

The marks are the same as those found on No. 1. 

3. An Alms-dish of Silver. Diameter, 10 inches ; weight, 
23 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1763. Makers' mark, 
T.H. over R.M., in a four-lobed stamp. 

This is a salver, with shaped edge, on three feet. The following 
inscription is engraved on field:— 

"This waiter was given | for the use of the Inhabitants j of the 
Parish of Saint Mary Magdalene | attending the Holy Communion, 
In | Memory of "William Gray, late Alderman | and Father of the 
City, deceased, w r ho served | the office of Mayor in the year 1748 
and 1760 | was a member of the Corporation 60 years | & a 
Parishioner 66 years. Died 20 of July 1784 | Aged 89, & whose 
remains together with Susanna | his wife & Martha (wife of Philip 
Castle) his Daughter are deposited in a | Grave at the entrance 
of I the Church." 



CANTERBURY, ST. MARY NORTHGATE* 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 7 inches; diameter of 
mouth 4| inches, of foot 4^ inches; depth of bowl, oh inches; 
weight, 13 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1640. Maker's mark, 
I.L., in octagonal shield (indistinct). 

Inscribed on the bowl, "Northcjate Parish in C'inferbiirij | 1640." 

The bowl is straight-sided, inclining inwards towards the Hat 

base, and with a slight lip. There is practically no stem, as the 

holluw trumpet-shaped foot appears to swell out at once from a 

collar beneath the bowl. 

2. A Paten-cover of Silver. Height, 1 inch; diameter 
5f inches, of button 2-j inches; weight, 4i ozs. 

The marks are the same as on No. 1. 

* The benefice is united to that of St. Gregory the Greut, and the Church is 
no longer used for Divine Service. 



288 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

3 and 4. Two Flagons of Pewter. Height, 14| inches; 
diameter of mouth 4^ inches, of foot 6£ inches. 

Inscribed on their sides, " 1G34 | Set. Marye Northgate | Tho- 
mas Gilbert & William "NVootton | Churchwardens | December 13"'." 

These early Bpecimena of pewter Flagons are heavy tankards 
with Hat lids, haying hat-shaped fmials. The billets are pierced in 
the shape of hearts. The following marks are stamped on the 
handle: Within a cable framed oval the letters E.G.. over a tall 
tankard and ewer with a mullet between the vessels. 

5 and 6. Two Flagons of Peivter. Height, 11^ inches; 
diameter of mouth 4 inches, of foot 5| inches. 

Under the foot, " 1792." 



CANTERBURY, ST. MILDRED. 

1. A Chalice of Silver, gilt. Height, 9j inches ; diameter 
of mouth 4£ inches, of foot 4§ inches ; depth of bowl, 4f 
inches ; weight, 13 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1622. Maker's mark, 
^y in a shaped stamp. 

Inscribed inside the foot, " Anthony Honiwood « Anno 
1622 *." Also punctured round the upper part of the bowl, 
" Say nt Mildreds, Canterburye *." 

The arms of Houywood, " Argent, a chevron between three 
hawks' heads erased azure," are engraved on the bowl. 

This is a well-proportioned cup, with straight-sided bowl 
tapering downwards and a slight lip. The stem is divided by a 
plain oval knop. The foot is convex and of the usual type. 

Anthony Houywood was a grandson of Robert Houywood of 
Charing, by his wife Mary At water. Hasted mentions a memorial 
to his widow Thomasine in the north chancel of St. Mildred's 
Church. 

2. A Paten of Silver, gilt. Height, 1£ inches; diameter 
5$ inches, of button 1| inches; weight, 4£ ozs. 

The same marks as on No. 1. 

The only ornaments are three incised lines round the outer 
edge. 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 280 

3. An Alms-dish of Silver. Diameter, 9£ inches ; weight, 
17 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1708 (new sterling). 
St over |)f, for John Martin Stocker and Edward Peacock. 

Inscribed on the first depression, " Obtulit hanc Patinam 
inserviret ut illi, uncle Sacra accepit CccJestis Pignora Vita \ Fran- 
ciscus Head Bar ttus , a.b. 1709, S 1 Mildred's Church, Canterbury," 
and the arms of Head, "Argent, a chevron ermine between three 
unicorns' heads couped sable," with the arms of Ulsteb in a cant mi. 
In the centre of the field is the sacred monogram, etc., en soleil. 

The donor was a grandson of Sir Richard Head of Rochester, 
the first baronet ; he married Margaret, daughter of James 
Smithsby, and was buried beneath an altar-tomb on the south side 
of the chance] of this Church in 171G. 

4 and 5. Two Flagons of Silver. Height, 11 inches; 
diameter of mouth 4| inches, of foot 7 inches ; weight, 
45 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1763. Maker's mark, 
I. (indistinct) M., with a mullet between the letters, probably 
for Jacob Marshe. 

Inscribed : " tS l Mildred's, Canterbury, 1705." 
Straight-sided tankards on spreading feet, with domed lids, 
pierced billets, and spouts. 

6. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 5^ inches; diameter of 
mouth 2| inches, of foot 3£ inches ; weight, 7\ ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1895. 

The elliptical bowl is gilt inside ; a cross flory within a circle is 
engraved on the foot. 

7. A Paten of Silver. Diameter, 4| inches ; weight, 3 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1894. 

8 and 9. Two Glass Cruets with Stoppers. 



Xos. G, 7, 8, and 9 are kept in an oaken case bearing the 
following inscription on a brass plate: " 8 l Mildred's, Canter- 
bury | Presented by the Communicants' Guild, October, 1896." 



VOL. XXVII. 



290 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 



CANTERBURY, ST. PAUL. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 8 inches; diameter of 
mouth 5 inches, of foot 4 inches; weight, 17 ozs. 

Birmingham Hall Marks of the year 1867. Maker's 
mark, E. & Co. 

The hemispherical bowl is ornamented with v ayed vertical 
hands. The stem is cylindrical, and has a knoj> set with four 
garnets. The foot is sexfoil. 

2. A Chalice of Silver. 

A duplicate of the last. 

3. Paten of Silver, gilt. Diameter 5§ inches, of foot 
3| inches ; weight, 8 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1811. Makers' mark, 
P.B. over W. [P B.], for Peter and William Bateman. 

This Paten has a single depression, in the centre of which is the 
sacred monogram, etc., en soleil. surrounded by the following 
inscription: "Deo et 8 U Ecclesia? Pauli Cantuar : Humillirne Dedi- 
catum Anno Domini 1810." 

4. A Paten of Silver, gilt. Height, 2^ inches; diameter 
8 inches, of foot 3| inches. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1825. Maker's mark, 
"W.C., in a rectangular stamp, for William Chawner. 

The sacred monogram, etc., en soleil. is in the centre of the 
field, surrounded by the following inscription : " Deo et 8" Ecclesiffi 
Pauli Cantuar. Humillirne Dedicatum. Dono Dedit John Buckton, 
Gen., Anno Domini 1825." 

5. A Flagon of Silver, gilt. Height, 12 inches; weight, 
21 £ ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1880. Maker's mark, 
H.E. over W. (Willis). 

Inscribed on the foot, "Vita? Domino, et Datori | ad usum 
mensae mystics | et in meinoriam B.M.P. sororis vitam ingresss, 
Anno Salntis I MDCCCXCVIII." 



CHURCH PLATE IX KENT. 291 



CANTERBURY, ST. PETER'S. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 6£ inches; diameter <>t 
mouth 4 inches, of foot 3f inches; weight, 12^ ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1659. Maker's mark. 
T.L., with three pellets vertically placed between the letters 
in an hexagonal stamp. 

Inscribed in script on the bowl, " # For the use of the Peris// 
Church of S< Peter the Apostle in Canterbury, 1681 # ." Beneath 
the inscription are the arms of Christ Church in an oval surrounded 
by mantling. 

The bowl is squarish in outline, the straight sides tapering 
a little towards the base. The stem, of baluster form, is supported 
by a plain, slightly convex foot; underneath the latter is scratched 
I loz oo dwts 00. 

2. A Paten of Silver. Diameter, 4| inches. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1683. Maker's mark, 

T.C., with a dolphin above and a fleur-de-lis below the 

letters. 

The arms of Christ Church are engraved in the centre of the 
field. This cover fits the cup. 

3. A Paten of Silver. Diameter, 6 inches ; weight, 4 ozs. 
London Hall Marks of the year 1883. Makers' mark, 

wB*w. 

Inscribed round the first depression in Gothic lettering is the 
following legend : " -f- Agnus Dei qui tollis peccata mundi da nobis 
tuam pacem -\- " ; and in script on the under side, " For the use of the 
Parish Church of S t Peter the Apostle in Canterbury, 1884, P. W. 
Loosemore, Rector, Bob 1 Welby, Cha s Higgins, Churchwardens." The 
second depression is sexfoil. 

The Rev. Philip "Wood Loosemore held the benefice from 1882 
to 1901. He was also a Minor Canon of the Cathedral. 

4. A Chalice of Silver, gilt. Height, 9 inches; diameter 
of mouth 4| inches, of foot 6 inches ; weight, 22 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1903. Maker's mark. 
H.E. over W., in a three-lobed stamp. 

A Chalice of late Mediaeval type. The shallow conical bowl is 
supported by an hexagonal stem with knop of pierced work. The 
foot is sexfoil, with the points of triangles between the lobes, which 
latter are ornamented with repousse sprays of foliage. 

17 2 



292 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

The following inscription is engraved on the underside of the 
foot : " D.D. CLARA ADELAIS BROWN OKA PRO-UTRIUsQ 
ANIMA + A.M.D.G. ET IN PI AM MEM" GEO. F. 
MACLEAR, S.T.P., SAC-PATEIS IN XTO DILECTISS IN 
PACE A.D. 1902." 

Dr. George Erederie Maelear was educated at Trinity College, 
Cambridge. From LsGb' to 1880 he was Head Master of King's 
College School, London, and in the latter year he was appointed 
Warden of St. Augustine's College, Canterbury, which office he 
filled for the remaining twenty-two years of his life. During his 
Wardenship the Clerical Fellows of the College became responsible 
(under the Vicar) for the Services at St. Peter's Church, an 
arrangement which has been continued by his successor. In 
addition to many theological manuals Dr. Maelear was the author 
of a short history of St. Augustine's Abbey and College. 

5. A Paten of Silver, gilt. Diameter, 6f inches ; weight, 
6h ozs. 

The marks are the same as on No. 4. 

Quite plain except a small cross fattee fitchee. 

G. An Alms-dish of Base Metal. Diameter, 9 inches. 

The sacred monogram, etc., is engraved in the centre of the 
field. 

7. An Alms-dish of Base Metal, parcel gilt. Diameter, 
12 inches. 

Round the first depression in Lombardic lettering is the 
following legend : "Honour the Lord with thy substance," and the 
symbols of the four Evangelists. 

Nearly the whole of the second depression is occupied by a well- 
engraved representation of the Adoration of the Magi. 



CANTERBURY, ST. STEPHEN'S. 

1. A Ch" /;<■<> of Silver, gilt. Height, lOf inches ; diameter 
of mouth 5,; inches, of foot 6| inches; depth of bowl, 
5| inches; weight, 4'i ozs. 

No marks. 

This is a huge cup. The bowl is the shape of an inverted 
truncated cone, with slightly concave sides. The stem is evenly 
balanced, with n round moulding on ;i fillet for a knop. The foot 

I the usual convex form. On the bowl is the following ioscrip- 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 293 

tion : "Anno Domini 1010, Petrus Manwood Milts Balnei, I' 
surrounding the Manwood arms and crest, viz., " Three piles, on 
a chief a demi-lion." 

Sir Peter Manwood, eldest son of Sir Roger Manwood, was 
M.P. for Sandwich, and Sheriff of the county in L602. The 
mansion-house of the Manwoods adjoined the churchyard. After 
the death of Sir Peter, which occurred in 1025, the house and estate 
was sold to Col. Thomas Colepeper, whose son alienated both to 
Edward Hales, by whom the house was pulled down in the year 
1075. 

2. A Paten of Silver, gilt. Height, 1^ inches ; diameter 
6£ inches, of foot 2\ inches; weight, 11 ozs. 
No marks. 

The same inscription and arms as on No. 1. 

3 and 4. Two Chalices of Silver. Height, 8§ inches ; 

diameter 3f inches, of foot 4 inches ; weight, 12 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1854. Makers'" mark, 
E. B. 

& in a four-lobed stamp. (Barnards.) 
J. B. 

The bulb-shaped bowl is gilt inside and supported by a baluster 
stem, all quite plain. 

5. A Flagon of Silver. Height, 8^ inches ; diameter of 
mouth 3 inches, of foot 4^ inches ; weight, 22f ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1899. Maker's mark, 
G.L., linked. 

6. A Flagon of Base Metal. 

Flask shaped, with a cross on the top of the lid. Not in use, 
and out of repair. 

7. An Alms-dish of Pewter. Diameter, 8| inches. 
Maker's mark, A.C., under a crown. 

Hackinton 
Stamped on the under side, ais 

S l Stephen's. 
The edge has a gadroon pattern, and the same ornament occurs 
on the foot. 



294 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

BLEAN, SS. COSMUS AND DAMIAN. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 6^ inches ; diameter 
2; inches, of foot 2j inches; weight, 5 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1720 (old sterling). 
Maker's mark, T.L., in a round stamp, with a cinquefoil 
between two pellets, both above and below the letters, for 
Timothy Ley of Fenchurch Street. 

The bowl is bell-shaped, supported on a trumpet-shaped stem 
and foot ; the latter has three convex mouldings. 

2. A Paten-cover of Silver. Height, If inches; diameter 
3| inches, of button 1| inches; weight, 7 ozs. 

The marks are the same as on No. 1. 

Inscribed on the under side, "1720, Blean Parish." 

3. A Flagon of Silver. Height, 12 inches; diameter of 
mouth -4 inches, of foot 7£ inches ; weight, 41 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1790. Makers' mark f'^ 

in a square stamp, for Peter and Jonathan Bateman of 
Bunhill Row. 

A straight-sided tankard with well splayed-out foot, dome-shaped 
lid with pierced billet. 

4. An Alma-dish of Silver. Diameter, 85 inches ; weight, 

9i OZB. 

The marks are the same as on No. 3. 

A plain round dish, inscribed in script on the under side, " Blean 
Parish ." 



FORDW1CH, ST. MARY. 

1. A Chalia of Silver. Eeight, •">; inches; diameter of 

mouth 34 inches, of foot 2; inches; weight, 6£ ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1562. Maker's mark, 
a mulb't. 

This is a pretty little Elizabethan cup with a Bingle hand of 
strap work under the lip of the deep conical howl. The cylindrical 

1 is divided by a plain knop, and swells out slightly both ways. 
The convex foot is ornamented with a triple band of hyphens. 




FORDWICH. NO. 1. 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 295 

2. A Paten-cover of Silver. Diameter, 3$ inches ; weight, 
2£ ozs. 

No marks. 

The date "1577" is engraved on the button between palm 
branches. A band of conventional foliage, similar to that on the 
cup, runs round the convex side. 

8. A Flag on of Base Metal. 

Inscribed : " Presented to the parish of Fordwich by Edward 
Brailsford, M.A., Eector, May 10 th , 1885." 

4. A Paten of Base Metal. 

Inscribed : " Presented to the Parish of Fordwich bv the Rector, 
1871, the Rev d E. Brailsford, M.A." 

5. An Alms-dish of Base Metal. 

Inscribed : " Presented to the Parish of Fordwich by the Kector, 
the Rev. E. Brailsford, M.A., 1880." 

6. An Alms-dish of Base Metal. 

Inscribed : " Presented to the Parish of Fordwich by the Rector, 
1874, the Rev. E. Brailsford, M.A." 

The Rev. Edward Brailsford, M.A., of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, 
was Rector of Fordwich from 1852 to 1893. 

7. An Alms-dish of Pewter. Height, % inch ; diameter. 
1H inches. 

No marks. 

On three feet, with a raised edge. 

8. An Alms-dish of Pewter. Height, £ inch ; diameter, 
9^ inches. 

Marks, X crowned, over a label with the word "John" 
surmounting a shield, bearing "A lion rampant impaling 
three martlets (?)," under which are the words "London 
Superfine." 

9. A Flagon of Pewter. Height, 12 inches ; diameter of 
mouth 4 inches, of foot 6 inches. 

The marks are indistinct, but are apparently the crowi ed 

X and imitation silver-plate marks. 

A tankard with sides slightly sloping outwards towards the Eoot, 
R-shaped handle, and ogee-domed lid with billet and finial. 



296 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

HARBLEDOWN, ST. MICHAEL. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 8£ inches; diameter of 
mouth 3| inches, of foot 3£ inches. 

No marks, but inscribed on the upper side of the foot, " Tho : 
and An bul 1622." 

Thomas Bull by hia will, dated 1025, gave to the poor of the 
parish of St. Michael, Harbledown, £10. 

The bowl, which is gilt inside, is surrounded by a double band of 
conventional foliage between interlacing fillets filled in with hatch- 
ing, and has at its base a triple raised moulding. A band of foliage, 
similar to those on the bowl, ornaments the trumpet-shaped foot. 
The stem is divided by a plain round knop between fillets. Both 
foot and stem appear to be later additions. 

2. A Paten-cover of Silver ('?). Diameter 3| inches, of 
foot 2| inches. 

No marks. 

Inscribed on the foot, " To the glory of God | Presented by Bobert 
and Selina Money | in memory of | Harold and Audley | their sons." 

The convex portion is engraved with a poor imitation of the band 
of foliage on the cup. 

The donor was Major-General Bobert Cotton Money of Hope- 
bourne House, Harbledown. 

3. A Chalice of Base Metal. Height, 8| inches ; diameter 
of mouth 4\ inches, of foot 3f inches. 

Bell-shaped. 

4. A Flagon of Base Metal. Height, 11 inches. 

5 and 6. Tivo Plates of Base Metal. Diameter, 9 inches. 
7. A Salver of Base Metal. Diameter, 7§ inches. 
On three feet. 



HARDEES, LOWER. 

1. A ('India of Silver. Height, "/'..inches; diameter of 
mouth 4 inches, of foot 3^ inches ; weight, 15 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1823. Maker's mark, 
W.lv, in a rectangular stamp. 

Inscribed on the bowl, over the sacred monogram, etc., en soldi, 
" Donum Deo dieaturn," and on the foot, " Hardres Parva." 

Bulb-shaped bowl on baluster stem with gadroon collar. The 
foot has a similar ornament round its edge. 



CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 207 

2. A Paten of Silver. Height, J', inches; diameter 

6 inches, of foot 3| inches; weight, 12A ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1822. Maker's mark, 
W.E. 

Inscribed as No. 1, with the addition of " L824" under the foot. 
The sacred monogram, etc., en soleil, is in the centre of the 
field, and the edge is ornamented with a gadroon moulding. 

3. A Flagon of Silver. Height, llh inches; diameter of 
mouth 4f inches, of foot 3| inches ; weight, 40 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1824. Maker's mark, 
W.E. 

Inscribed as No. 1. 

An ewer-shaped vessel on a tall foot. The lower part of the 
bulb is fluted in convex compartments. The lid, which is without 
a billet, is treated in the same way, and has an acorn-shaped finial. 

4. An Alms-dish of Silver. Diameter, 10 inches ; weight, 
9 ozs. 

The same marks as on No. 2. 

Gadroon- pattern edge. The sacred monogram, etc., en soleil, is 
engraved in the centre of the field. 

The Church was rebuilt in 1831 from funds left by J. Tillard, 
Esq., of Street End House in this parish. Mr. Tillard was 
probably the donor of the above vessels. 



MILTON, ST. NICHOLAS. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 7| inches; diameter of 
mouth 4 inches, of foot 3f inches; weight, 12 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1829. Makers' mark, 

E. E. 

B. (Barnards and Co.). 
J. w. 

Bulb-shaped bowl, gilt inside, on a baluster stem. 
Inscribed under the foot, " The gift of John Bell nnd Jane his 
wife." The sacred monogram en soleil is engraved on the bowl. 

2. A Paten of Silver. Height, \\ inches ; diameter 
7 inches, of foot 3^ inches ; weight, 11| ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1830. Same marks as 

No. 1. 

Inscribed on the underside of the foot, " The Gift of John Bell 
and Jane his wife." 



298 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

3. A Paten of Silver. Diameter, 5 inches; weight, 5 ozs. 
Same marks as on the last. 

[nscribed on the underside of the foot, "The gift of John Bell 
& Jane his wife." 

4. A Flagon of Silver. Height, 10 inches; diameter of 
mouth o\ inches, of foot 5| inches; weight, 17 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1777. Maker's mark, 
W.G. (probably William Garrod) . 

Inscribed on the underside of the foot, " The gift of Matthew 
Bell and Fanny his wife." 

Gilt inside, with domed hinged lid. The sacred monogram, etc., 
en soleil, on the front of the body. 



NACKINGTON, ST. MARY. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 6§ inches; diameter of 
mouth 3y'ij inches, of foot 2| inches ; weight, 6 ozs. 

!NTo Hall Marks. Maker's mark, a flower slipped ('? rose). 

Probably Jacobean (see date on cover). The bowl, which is 
shaped like an inverted truncated cone, is quite plain. The stein 
is evenly divided by an annular knop. 

2. A Paten-cover of Silver. Diameter 3§- inches, of button 

1| inches; weight, 1 oz. 

No marks. 

Engraved on the button, " 1622." 

3. A Porringer of Silver, with a Cover. Height, 44 inches ; 
diameter, 4^ inches ; weight 13 ozs., with the Cover 
18| ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1677. Maker's mark, G.B. 

The two-handled bowl is quite plain. At Bennington a two- 
handled cup, made in 1757, still serves as the chalice. 

4. A Paten of Silver. Height, 2 inches; diameter 7^ inches, 
of foot 2| inches ; weight, 10£ ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1705. Maker's mark, 
P.R. (possibly B.), with a pellet over each letter. 
Plain, with moulded edge. 



CHUIICH PLATE IN KENT. 299 



STURRY, ST. NICHOLAS. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Heig-ht, 6£ inches; diameter of 
mouth 3§ inches, of foot 3h inches ; weight, 9 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1818. Maker's mark, 
I.R., in an oblong- stamp. John Robins (probably). 
The bowl is egg-shaped. 

2. A Chalice of Silver. Heig-ht, 7J inches; diameter of 
mouth 3| inches, of foot 5\ inches; weight, 19 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1870. Makers' mark, 
J. H. & Co., in an oblong stamp. 

Quasi-Mediaeval type. The knop and sexfoiled foot are jewelled. 

3. A Paten of Silver. Diameter, 6 inches; weight, 4\ ozs. 

The marks are the same as on No. 2. 

4. A Chalice of Base Metal. 

A duplicate of No. 1. 

5 and 6. Two Pewter Salvers, on central feet. Height, 
2| inches; diameter, 11 .V inches. 

Stamped on the rim, T.W. and W.S. 



THANINGTON, ST. NICHOLAS. 

1. A Chalice of Silver. Height, 7* inches; diameter of 
mouth 3| inches, of foot 4^ inches ; weight, 10 ozs. 

London Hall Marks of the year 1847. Maker's mark, 

J.J.K. 

Of quasi- Media? val shape. The sacred monogram, etc., is 
engraved on the sexfoil foot. 

2. A Paten of Silver. Diameter, 7 A inches; weight, 7 A ozs. 

The marks are the same as on No. 1. 

3. A Paten of Silver. Diameter, 6 inches; weight, 4 ozs. 

Same marks as the last. 

The sacred monogram, etc., within double triangles, surrounded 
by a circle within a sexfoil, is engraved in the centre of the field. 



300 CHURCH PLATE IN KENT. 

4. A Flagon of Silver. Height, 8h inches; weight, 11 ozs. 
Same marks as the last. 

Flask-shaped, with handle, lid, and spout. " Gloria in oxcclsis 
Deo Alleluia," round the bulb. 

5. An Alms-dish of Silver. Diameter, 8 inches. 
London Hall Marks of the year 1854. Maker's mark, 

J. A. (Joseph Angell). 

This is a massive salver on four feet, with sacred monogram, 
etc., in centre. It was given by the Rev. AVilliam Pearson, Vicar 
1858—62. 



( 301 ) 



NOTICES OF BOOKS. 



A History of the Parish Church of St. Manj the Virgin, West 
Mailing, Kent. Compiled by t lie Kev. A. AV. Lawson, M.A., 
Vicar of West Mailing, and Colonel Gr. W. Stocklet, R.E., 
Churchwarden; with contributions from the Rev. G. M. Livktt, 
B.A., F.S.A., Leland L. Duncan, Esq.. F.S.A., and F. J. 
Bennett, Esq., F.G.8. Illustrated with Photographs. Plans, 
and Etchings by Colonel Stock ley. ("West Mailing: Henry 
C. H. Oliver. 1904.) 

West Malling Church has been subjected to many vicissitudes. 
It still retains its Norman tower and portions of its Norman 
chancel, but the Georgian nave after serving its purpose for one 
hundred and twenty-four years has been replaced by a far more 
beautiful building from the designs of Mr. J. T. Micklethwaite. 
This is no doubt a matter on which the Vicar and parishioners 
deserve congratulation, and few antiquaries would be slow to 
acknowledge that the work has been thoroughly well done. All 
this has been carefully put on record in the book before us, which 
will be of great service to future generations. We must, however, 
take exception to the way in which Mr. Lawson treats the sale of 
the celebrated Elizabethan flagon. Although opposed at the time 
by a representative of our Society, we are quite ready to admit that 
the result was so surprisingly successful, from a money-making 
point of view, that a certain amount of elation on the part of the 
vendors was natural and perhaps pardonable. We opposed the 
Faculty on the ground that a dangerous precedent would be created. 
Mr. Lawson therefore seeks to disarm criticism by heading his 
chapter "The Romance of a Jug." He will not even call it a 
flagon. It was " obviously made for quaffing of beer or sack or 
other wine," and he quotes with approval the grounds of Dr. Tris- 
tram's judgment, that " the Jug was clearly not designed for Holy 
Communion, and could not be used for that purpose. That it 
was not in use, and that when Church property was no longer of 
use he sometimes granted permission for its sale. Some antiquarians 
{sic) feared that an evil precedent would be set, and that the clergy 



302 NOTICES OF BOOKS. 

would be tempted to sell old and valuable plate. It was also urged 
by Bome thai such relics of the past ought to be preserved in the 
Church and parish to which they belong. But as no Church 
property ran legally be sold without a Faculty, Chancellors can 
alwavs prevent acts of vandalism, and would certainly refuse to 
allow Church Plate in use to be sold." Now as to the Chancellor's 
first contention that the flagon was "clearly not designed for 
Holy Communion," we should reply that no Elizabethan Com- 
munion Plate was so designed ; the " decent Communion Cups," 
which were at this period and a little earlier substituted for the 
"Massing Chalices," followed the form of cups used for secular 
purposes. That the vessel could not have been used for sacred 
purposes because of certain non-Christian ornamentation is quite 
opposed to fact. A chalice at Canterbury Cathedral, which dates 
from Laudian times (still we believe occasionally used), is de- 
corated, in a wav far more obtrusively secular. Moreover, the 
distinction the Chancellor sought to draw between Church Plate in 
use and in disuse is practically valueless. All that an Incumbent, 
who might be desirous of selling a piece of Church Plate, would 
have to do would be to lock it up in his study for a year or two. 
Indeed we know of several instances where this has been done, 
notably in the case of some of the fine old hanapers which are 
deemed too cumbersome for present-day use, aud which we have 
reason to fear will at no remote date come under the hammer with 
the approval of the Commissary-General.* 

Mr. F. J. Bennett contributes a chapter on the old gravestones, 
in which he says " our Churchyard is especially rich." He then 
proceeds to excite our curiosity by remarking that " the reason for 
this . . . . may have something to do with the Great Fire of London," 
etc., but after mystifying us in this way it is a little unkind of him 
to add, "but as the evidence is not quite complete and the storj 
a long one, this cannot be gone into here." The examples of which 
Mr. Bennett gives illustrations call for no particular notice. The 
earliest tomb is a coffin slab of the thirteenth or fourteenth century 
bearing a cross pattee with floriated stem in low relief. '"This," 
Bays Mr. Bennett, "I thought taken from the double battle-axe, 

* On tiM' very day this notice was written the following appeared in the 
Morning Post (May 4th, 1005): "A lint- collection of Old English silver plate 
was sold at Christie's yesterday, and high prices were realized. A keen struggle 
look place between .Mr. Crichton ami .Mr. J. S. Phillips for possession of 
■a 'Norwich' Chalice. This rare article bears the London Hull Mark L671, 
Maker's nnrk H.G., and i^ mentioned in Cripps' Old English Plate." 



NOTICES OF ROOKS. 303 

half military and half ecclesiastical, as shewn by the Early English 
stiff-stalked foliage of the lower half, might be the tomb ol a 
Knight's Templar (sic), as this was both a military and an ecclesias- 
tical order." The slab probably commemorated a former Vicar of 
the parish, and very likely was removed from the Church dm 
the alterations made in the eighteenth century.* 

The architectural portions of the hook have 1 eon entrusted to 
the practised pen of Mr. Livett, who, in spite of considerable 
difficulties owing to the entire destruction of the mediaeval nave, 
has succeeded in presenting a fairly convincing theory as to the 
development of the Church. 



Dover Charters and of her Documents in the possession of the 
Corporation of Dover. Transcribed and translated by the 
Rev. S. P. H. Statham, B.A. 8vo., pp. 483. (London : 
Dent and Co. 1902.) 

Mr. Statham, whose History of Dover we noticed in our twenty-fifth 
Volume, has now added a valuable supplement to his former work 
by printing 135 Charters and Deeds from the Dover Muniment 
Chest, to which he has added in an Appendix others now preserved in 
the Library of the British Museum and in the Public Record Office. 

The Records of Dover are less numerous than those of several 
other of the " Ports." A large number of them, including the very 
valuable Port Domesday Book, are said to have found their way 
into the Surrenden Library when Sir Edward Dering retired from 
the Lieutenancy of the Castle in 163G,f and were dispersed 
when the Surrenden Library was sold forty years ago. Heine 
the majority of the documents now printed by Mr. Statham have 
no great historical interest, and should be termed Ancient Deeds 
rather than Charters. A few, however, have a wider interest, 
amongst which we would place an early record of the Con- 
stitution and Proceedings of the Ancient Court of Shipway 
(No. XXVI. ). This is of especial value as affording (as far as we 
know) the only record remaining of the Court's Mediaeval practice. £ 

The Court was held before Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, Con- 

* The cross maybe compared with that on Archbishop Lang ton's tomb in 
St. Michael's Chapel in Canterbury Cathedral. 

f See Larking's Domesday Book of Kent, Appendix V. 

X Professor Montagu Burrows says of "Shipway": "No records of its 
mediaeval practice have survived " (Historic Towns, Cinque Ports, p. 185). Nor 
does it appear that the late Mr. Edward Knocker, the author of the Grand 
Court of Shipway, knew anything of this interesting fragment of its history. 



304 NOTICES OF BOOKS. 

stable of Dover Castle and Warden of the Five Ports, on Saturday, 

April Mill, in the 32nd year of King Edward III. (1358). Mandates 

had been addressed to the Mayor, Bailiff, and twelve good and lawful 

men from each of thellead Ports, with the exception of Hastings, from 

which Port only six were summoned. The Corporate Members were 

expected to send six, but all were in default in point of numbers 

with the exception of Faversham. Pevensey sent no representatives. 

their Head Port (Hastings) pleading that " they of Pevensey are 

not bound to come to Shipway except with the Port of Hastings." 

The Court, however, ruled that "the Barons of Pevensey were 

accustomed to come to the said Court in times past .... just as 

the Port of Faversham, which is a Limb of Dover." The names of 

the various representatives are given in the Record, and the order is 

from West to East, Hastings heading the Poll and Fordwich ending it. 

As a specimen of the cases of which the Court took cognizance 

w e mav quote the following : " John Girold of Dover was attached to 

answer to the Lord Warden for contempt in that he arrested 

a certain ship of Richard Archer of Dover in the town of Calais 

called the Lancashire for a certain contract made in the Port of 

Dover, against the Liberty of the Cinque Ports, and in contempt of 

the Warden, wherefore the said John is bound to the said Warden 

in £10. And this was proved by Nicholas Eppeloun, Mayor of 

Sandwich, Vincent Finch, Bailiff of Winchelsea, and by several 

others, that if it were ,so done by the said John that in such case 

he is bound to pay the Warden £10. And upon this he is asked 

if he has, or knows, anything to say on his own behalf wherefore he 

should not pay the said £10 to the Warden. Who appears and 

>avs that he arrested no ship at Calais as is alleged above, and this 

he is prepared to prove howsoever the Court shall decree, etc. 

Therefore a day is appointed to him at the Church of St. James of 

Dover on the Thursday next before the Feast of St. George the 

Martyr next ensuing, and it is ordered to the Mayor and Bailiff of 

Dover that they should cause to come on that day," etc. 

On the said Feast (April 13th) John Girold appeared before the 
Lieutenant in the Church of St. James, and on the oath of the Jury 
of twelve it was found that he did arrest the said ship, " Nor was 
the said John able to deny it any longer; it was therefore decreed 
that the said John should pay for that deed to the Warden of the 
Cinque Ports £10." 

Other documents of especial interest are those relating to the 
regulation of the passage across the Straits. No. XVII. is an instru- 



NOTICES OF BOOKS. 305 

merit in Norman French, dated 14 Sep., 6 Edw. II. (1312), which 
recites " thai whereas debates, contests, riots have been stirred up 

in Dover to the great peril and loss of the w hole Coin nail \ of bhe 

same town, by reason of which many .... have been impoverished, 
and like to be ruined because they could not pass with their ships 
nor gain as the powerful and rich could. II is agreed and assented 
by all the Companions of the Company called 'fferscliip ' . . . . thai 
from the day of the making of this Document henceforward no 
passenger ship shall cross except by turn, that is to say each ship 
three fares, and after the three fares finished and completed that 
ship shall not cross with passengers until all the passenger ships 
that belong to the Company of the ' fferscliip ' shall have made three 
fares in like manner, provided that the said ships be certified fit and 
sufficient by the Wardens, who shall be elected and assigned for 
that purpose." 

No. XXIII. relates to the same matter, and is a charter of King 
Edward III., dated 24 March 1343, in which the King confirms 
a Charter dated twenty years earlier by Edmund, Earl of Kent, 
Warden of the Cinque Ports, granting to the Burgesses a tax of 
two shillings for every "Passager" [ship] freighted with horses 
from Dover to Wytsand, and twelve pence for every "Passager" 
freighted with foot passengers. 

Amongst the ancient deeds printed in the Appendix is one 
relating to a conveyance of land made in the Hundred Court of 
Dover. It is undated, but from the i'act that William Huntingfield, 
the Constable, is one of the witnesses, Mr. Statham places it 
between 16 Sep. 1203 and 9 Sep. 1204. At the head of the 
witnesses is one Simon the Dean (Decanus) . From the fact that he 
signed before such a celebrity as the Constable, Mr. Statham 
argues that Simon the Dean was the chief Civic Officer, the Doyen, 
"elected by the inhabitants of the Vill." We do not think, 
however, that there is any evidence that the title Decant/ s was 
given at this period to any except to an Ecclesiastical Officer. The 
Hundred Court, according to Bishop Stubbs, was attended by the 
lords of lands, the Parish Priest, the reeve, and four best men of 
each township. (Const. Hist., vol. i., p. 103.) 

Simon the Dean may possibly have been connected with one 
of the Churches in Dover, and a "Dean of Christianity," the 
mediaeval representatives of our modern Bural Deans. Mr. Statham 
has supplied accurate translations of the various instruments, and 

VOL. XXVII. 3: 



306 NOTICES OF BOOKS. 

the book is printed in the clearest type on hand-made paper. We 
congratulate Mr. Statham on having made a very valuable con- 
tribution towards the elucidation of the history of one of the most 
ancient and interesting towns in the Kingdom. 



( 307 ) 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Abell, John, 100, 1 01, 102, 105. 

Abellsland, Cobharn, 180. 

Absolon, Geoffrey, 135. 

Acrise, 57. 

Adam. John, M.P. for Romnev. 15, 
17. 48. 49; Nicholas, Knight of 
the Shire for Kent. 45 ; Stephen, 
47. 

Adams, Thomas, 222. 

Adcock, Mrs. Elizabeth, 201. 

Aiscoughe, Elizabeth, Inventory of 
household goods of, 230. 231, 236 ; 
Will of, 236. 

Akers, George, 133. 

Alan, John, Chaplain of Chantry in 
Cobham Church, 78 ; Master of 
Cobham College, 76. 

Aldeburgh, M.P. for, 60. 

Aldebury, Michael, 168. 

Aldensland, Cobham, 130. 

Alderwasley, Derbyshire, 202. 

Aldeye, Henry. 276. 

Aldhens Manor, 130. 

Aldy, Thomas, 214. 

Alexander, Robert, 105. 

Alfriston, Old Clergy House at, 104, 
195. 

Algestow (High Halstow), 68. 

Allchin, Mr. J. H., Note on Pre- 
historic Pottery in the Maid- 
stone District, lxxvi— lxxviii. 

All Saints, Canterbury, Inventory of 
Church Plate of. 273. 

Allen, Charles. 30 ; Edmund, 222 ; 
Eliz., Donor of Church Plate. 276. 

Alleyn, Sir Christopher, M.P. for 
Romney, 52. 

Amherst. Charles Selby, 32 ; Eliza- 
beth. 32. 

Amis. Thomas, 25<). 

Ancell, Richardo, 96. 

Andrewe, John, 134 ; Robert. I :>■">. 

Andrevves. John, 100, 101, 121. 

Andrews, William (goldsmith), mark 
of, 273. 



Angell, Joseph (goldsmith), mark of. 
300. 

Annott. Ann, 230, 

Aosta Cathedral, Titles of the months 
in, 258. 

Apsley, John. Rector of Hippie. 212, 
243. 

Archer, Richard, of Dover, 304. 

Architectural Periods. Table of, by 
Henry Taylor, F.S.A., 7. 

Armagh, Dr. George Cromer, Arch- 
bishop of, 74. 

Armestrong, Barnabas, 96. 

Arnold, George M., on Ancient 
Timher - framed House at 
Shorne next Gravesend, lix, 193. 

Arnold, A. A., on Cobham Col- 
lege, 04; on Cobham and its 
Manors, HO; Church, lix. 

Arundel, M.P. for. 46 ; Thomas How- 
ard. Earl of, 266, 268. 

Ashburnham, Karl. 60, 137 ; George, 
M.P. for Romney, 60. 

Askew, Thomas. 230. 

Askyns. 103, 104, 105. 

Astle, Thomas, Letters of Edward 
Hasted to, 136—166. 

Astyn, Ralph. 176 ; Stephen. 176. 

Athol, Conntess of, Note on the 
so-called tomb of, in Canter- 
bury Cathedral, by W. H. St. 
John Hope, 209. 

Atkins, John, 87. 

Atkinson, Richard. M.P. for Romney, 
59. 

Attemelle, Laurence. 169. 

Attewelle, John, 168. 

Attwode. Guy, 170; John, M.P. for 
Romney. 45. 

Atwater, Mary, 288. 

Austen. Sir Robert, M.P. for Romney. 
57, 58; Rev. Benjamin, Donor of 
books to tlic IJbran . lv. 

Averv, Messrs., 201, 21 »2, 204 ; Thomas, 
201. 

x2 



308 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Ayloffe, Sir Joseph, and Edward Has- 
ted. 136, 139, 1 in. 143, 144. 1 15. 1 16, 
117. 148, 150. 

Aysteres, Lady. 173. 

Ayton. John Fordyce of, 59. 



B 



Back. Mr. Usher, 202 ; Mrs.. 202. 

Baguley Hall. Cheshire, 12. 

Baker. Mr. T. H., 72, 111, 112; John, 

.Master of Cobham College. 76; 

Richard. M.P. for Romney. 51 ; 

Roger, 16S : Sladen John. 241, 244. 
Baker's ' iross, Mr. William Sharpe of. 

204. 
Balduck, Matthew. 250. 
Baldwin. W. W.T., 208. 
Bamlond, James, M.P. for Romney, 

49. 
Bangor, John Cleveland, Bishop of. 

48. 
Barbrooke, Robert, 135. 
Barham. 160; Church, gift of plate 

to. 273 ; Nicolas. 104. 105, 106 : Ser- 

geant, 1<»4. L29 : William, Sergeant- 

at-law. 101. 
Barker. Edward. Rector of Westbere, 

222 ; John, Master of Cobham Col- 
lege, 11(1. 
Barkly, Sir Charles, M.P. for Heytes- 

bury, 58. 
Barnard, Frederick, 152. 
Barrett. Ellen. 244; Paul, M.P. for 

Romney, Recorder of Canterbury, 

55. 
Barrow, James, 51. 
Bassett. Albert, 223 ; George. Rector 

of Swalecliffe, 223 ; John. 214. 
Bateman, Ann, Peter (goldsmiths), 

mark of. 293 ; William. 290. 
Bathurst, Launcelot. Alderman. 56 ; 

Sir Benjamin, M.P. for Romney. 56. 
Battle Street, Cobham. 68. 
Bawle, Robert, M.P. for Romney. 52 : 

Vincent, ■>-. 
Bawman's Hill. 106. 
Bayly, John, 70 ; Master of Cobham 

College, 7*1 : Richard ('_'oldsmith). 

mark of. 282. 
Beale, Thomas, 21."-. 
Beardmore, Rev. H. L., List of 

the Rectors of Ripple by, 237— 

254. 

richsdenne (Bethersden), 207. 
Beauvuir. Bev. Osmund, 155. 
Becker, Edward, 80. 
. Thomas, 199. 
Bedford, 21 1. 
B( • t Alston, M.P. for. 56, 60. 



Beesthorpe Hall, William Miles of, 
61. 

Belcher. Samuel, of Retliersden, 202. 

Relknap, Robert. 207. 

Bell, John, Jane, Matthew, and Fanny, 
Donors of church Plate. 297. 298. 

Bell, Ancient, from Boxley, lxxiv, 
lxxv. 

Belty. G. F.. Memorials of the Order 
of the Garter. 211. 

Relvoir. John, 27s. 

Benenden, 243. 

Bengebery, Manor of, 93. 

l'>engeley (Bengebury). 68. 

Bennett. Mr. F. J., on Gravestones at 
West Mailing. 302; Arthur, 246; 
Ellen, 243. 246, 24 7 ; Lucy. 243, 
24(5. 247 : Margaret, 246. 

Benson. Dr.. Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. 245. 

Bensted. Mr. Hubert, elected Mem- 
ber of Council, xlvi. 

Bere, James, Clerk, 116. 

Berkeley, Sir Charles, M.P. for Rom- 
ney. 55 ; Sir Charles. Viscount Fitz- 
Hardinge, M.P. for Heytesbury. 55. 

Bermondsey, Abbot of. 121 ; Monas- 
tery of St. Saviour's. 198. 199, 200 ; 
Prior and Convent of, 64, 73. 77, 
132 : Charter of Prior and Convent 
of, 99 ; Grant to Cobham College, 
98. 

Bernard, Henry Norris. Rector of Rip- 
ple, 245. 

Berwick, M.P. for, 59. 

Besbech, James, 176. 

Besbiche. Jane. 231. 

Bethersden. 170; Account of its 
( Ihurch and Monumental Inscrip- 
tions, 204 ; Notes on, by the Rev. 
A.J.Pearman,201— 208; Rectory 
and Manor of. 203 ; Vicars of, 2l 16 ; 
Whitfield Family in, 57. 

Bett, William, 128. 

Bettenhain, Robert. 174 ; Thomas. 
172. 

Betteshanger, 241. 243. 

Betts, Thomas. 11 1. 127, 128. 

Betynham, Thomas. 1 73. 

Beverly, 1'rovost of, 23s. 

Bibliocheca,TopographicaBritannica, 
Account of Cobham College in. 73. 

Biddenden, 203 ; Sepulchral Urns 
from, Ixx. 

BifronB, Taylor. Family of, 271. 

Bilsington Priory, by C. H. Wood- 
ruff, F.S.A., xlviii — li ; Foundation 
of. xlix ; Seal of. xlix ; Suppressed, 
xlix ; Buildings, 1. 
Birling, 67, 69, 94, 97, 106. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



309 



Bishop, Sir Thomas, Knt., Mayor of 

Maidstone, L56. 
Bishop Gilbert, 1 99. 
Bisse. Edward, M.P. for Heytesbury, 

58 : Stephen, M.P. for Romney, 58. 
Blean, Church Plate of, 292, 293. 
Bletchingly, M.P. for, 56. 
Bochier, William, Master of Cobham 

College, 75, 78, 135. 
Bocton, see Boughton. 
Bocton Aluph, Manor of. 212. 
Bodill, Richard, 227. 
Boggerste. see Boghurst. 
Boghurst, 104 ; John, 106. 
Bohehame Marsh. 93. 
Bonam, Edward. 96. 
Bonham. Dorothy, 30 ; Edward, 96 

note. 
Books. Notices of, 301—806. 
Booth, Arthur W.. 124; Thomas, 206. 
Borey (.' Bowey), Christopher, 130. 
Botreaux, Maurice, Rector of Ripple, 

238. 
Bottesham, Bishop William de, 116. 
Boughton Aluph, Anglo-Saxon Dis- 
coveries at, lxv ; Monchelsea, 167 — 

175 passim. 
Boughton-under-Blean, 228. 
Boulogne, Siege of, 126. 
Bourchier, see Bochier. 
Bourman, John, 170. 
Bouverie, Elizabeth, 60. 
Bowes (Bowles) Lane, 107. 
Bowlder, Robert. 216. 
Bowles, Captain Robert, 242. 
Bowreman, Stephen, 171. 
Bowsfield, Bartholomew, 117. 
Boxley, 1(57; Ancient Bell from, lxxiv, 

lxxv ; Hales Place in, 57. 
Brailsford, Edward, Rector of Ford- 

wich, Donor of Church Plate. 295. 
Bralesford, H.. Rector of All Saints, 

Canterbury, Donor of Church Plate. 

273. 
Bramstone, see Broomstone. 
Brandonhill. 128. 

Brasses in Cobham Church, Mr. Wal- 
ler on, restored by Mr. F. C. Brooke, 

74. 
Braybrooke, Joan, 71 ; Sir Reginald, 

71. 
Breade, Thomas. 217. 
Brett, James, 229 ; Family, Maj r ors 

of Romney, 54 ; Thomas, 53, 54. 
Brette, Sir Thomas. 54. 
Brewer, John, M.P. for Romney, 56, 

57. 
Brewers Gate, 132. 
Brice, William, 130. 
Bridd, John, Rector of Ripple. 238. 
Bridge, Dinah, 32 ; William, 214. 



Bridgett, Father, his defence of St. 

William of Perth, '.17 m>t< . 
Brimpton, Berks, 2 15. 
1 1 1 i 1 1 1 on, Thomas, Bishop of Roch' 

64. 
Brise, Richard, 25 1. 
Brissenden, Bridge, 201 ; Daniel, 2<il ; 

Laurence, 203. 
Brodd, John, 172. 
Brokhull, John, 111. 
Brome. 134. 

Brornham-cum-Oakley, 211. 
Brooke Family, Arms of. 88 ; Crest of, 

81 ; Sir George, Lord Cobham. 80, 

111 ; signature of, 72 ; grant to. 98 : 

F. C, of Ufford. restores brasses in 
Cobham Church, 74 ; Mary. 236 ; 
Mr.. Recorder of Rochester. 192; 
Sir Henry, Lord Cobham. Ill; Sir 
William. Lord Cobham. 78, 80, L20 ; 
Thomas, 121. 

Brookland, 52 : Church, xlvii, xlviii. 
53 ; Leaden font at, by Rev. 

G. M. Livett, 255 ; Marsh, 206 ; 
Dodd Family in, 15. 

Broomstone, Anthony, Rector of Rip- 
ple, 240. 

Brouncher (Brunkard). Henry, M.P. 
for Romney, 55 ; Lord. 55. 

Brounyngby, Robert, 168. 

Brown, Clara A., Donor of Church 
Plate, 292 ; Stephen, 221. 

Browne, Christopher, 214 ; John. 32 : 
Richard, M.P. for Romney. 5 1 : 
Curate of Cobham, 78 ; Thomas. 106. 

Browning. Edward. 24!) ; Robert, of 
Gravesend, 95. 

Brudenell, Robert. 171. 

Brydde, Henry, 134. 

Brynton, Thomas, Bishop of Roches- 
ter, 73, 116. 

Brytten, Sir John, Chaplain to Lord 
Cobham, 78. 

Buckingham, Bishop John, Donor of 
Church Plate to Canterbury Cathe- 
dral, 263 ; Marquis of, 137. 

Building Materials, Mr. Henry Tay- 
lor's remarks on. 22, 23. 

Bull, Ann, Donor of Church Plate, 
293 ; Richard, 203 : Thomas. Donor 
of Church Plate. 293. 

Bunting, John and Richard, Members 
for Romney, 51 ; Stephen. Mayor 
of Romney, 51. 

Burbage, Thomas. 1 75. 

Burdon, Thomas, 171. 

Burghley. Lord, 71). 

Burnham Deepdale, Font at. 257. 258. 

Burroughs, Elizabeth. 81. 

Burton, Christopher, Rector of Rip- 
ple, 239. 



310 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Bnrvill, William. 249. 

Harwell, John. 96. 

Bute, Lord, 58. 

Button. John, 247. 

Byng, George, M.P. for Dover and 

Rochester, 53 ; letter of, 85, 86 ; 

William. M.P. for Romney, 5:5. 
Burrows, Prof. M., 303. 



C 



Cade, Jack, rebellion of, 122. 

Gaddel, Family of, 104.' 

< atlin. George Crawford, Hector of 
Ripple, 24.">. 

Calais, 159. 304. 

Caldreford, Richard de, Rector of 
Ripple. 237. 

Callow, John, 281. 

Came, John, 104. 

Canterbury, 121, 138. 144. 145, 153, 
154, 155. 157, 15*. 160, 221 ; Arch- 
bishop of, 66. 229 ; Archdeacon of. 
66; Christ Church, 213; Church 
Plate Of, 262—300 ; M.P. for, 46, 
VI ; Recorder of, 55 ; Tumuli near, 
in ; Visitations of the Arch- 
deacon of, by Arthur Hussey, 
213 ; St. Augustine's Abbey, Grant 
for excavations at, xlvi ; Gates 
of the City of, by Rev. B. Austen, 
lv. 

Canterbury Cathedral, 209 ; Archives 
of, 1 10 ; Church Plate of, 267—272 : 
Mediaeval Inventories of Church 
Goods in, 262—266 ; Signs of the 
Zodiac in pavement of Trinity 
Chapel. 2."j 7. 

Canterbury College, Oxford, Plate 
from. 26 I. 

Carectar, Ralph, Alice his wife, 120. 

Carleton, Lough, 192. 

Carlow, M.P. for. 60. 

Caroe, Mr. W. I).. 212. 

Carpenter, Geoffrey, 168. 

Carter, W.. 283. 

ell, Edward, 249,2,50,254 ; John, 
J 1 9. 

1 'am ■ ui. tee < louper. 

Cawood, Torks, 239. 

Caym, Henry. 171. 

Cecil, M»..' 68, 71 : Sir Robert, re- 
ceiver of grant of lauds of Cobham 
College, 114. 
. 243. 
Iwick, James, Hi. P. for Komney, 
56. 

Chalk, 67, 69, 82, 84 ; Bast, 193 ; 
Rectory of, 95 ; West, Manor of, 
6 7, 96 ; Vicarage of, 69. 



Chamber. Edward. 114 ; William, 114, 

128. 
Chance. William. 48. 
Chapels, Domestic. Orientation of, 5 

note. 
Charborough Park, R. E. D. Gros- 

venor of, 60. 
Charing. Archiepiscopal Palace of, 

157 ; Pett in, 54. 
Charles, William, of Gillingham, 

94. 
Chart, Great, 202, 204 ; Church of, 

.Memorial of William Sharpe in, 

204. 
Charters, of Dover, by Rev. S. P. II. 

Statham, 303 ; Cinque Ports, 37, 

43, 305. 
Chartham, Downs, Tumuli on. 144 ; 

Walter, 77. 
Chateney (Chitney) in I wade. 94. 
Chatham, Palaeolithic Flint from, 

lxv. 
Chawner, William (goldsmith), mark 

of, 290. 
Cheeyny, Richard. 254. 
Chenew, John. M.P. for Romney. 49, 

50. 
Cheseman. Henry, 175; John, M.P. 

for Romney, 51 ; 1st Mayor of, 52 ; 

Robert, 167; M.P. for Middlesex, 

51 ; William, 168. 
Cheshire, M.P. for, 60. 
Cheynew, John, M.P. for Romney, 50 ; 

Mayor of Romney, 50. 
Chichester. John Clederow. Canon of, 

48. 
Chiddingly. 194. 
Chidwick, Edmund. 254. 
Child, John. 221 : Mr.. 190, 191, 

192. 
Childe. William. M.P. for Romney, 

15. 16, 47. 
Chipp, John, 132. 134; Roger, 132; 

Walter. 131. 132. 
Christ Church, Oxford, 241. 
Chuldham. William. 66 : Chaplain of 

Chantry in Cobham Church, 77; 

tee also Shuldham, 
Chudleigh. Thomas. M.P. for Romney. 

56. 
Churchill. Mr. I 'harh-s, 245. 

Church Plate in Kent, Rev. C. E. 
Woodruff on, 260—300. 

Chut. Edward, 204 ; Lydia, 204. 

Cinque Ports, 50; Notes on an early 
Charter of, by F. F. Giraud, 37— 
Pi ; Charters relal Lug bo, 303—305 ; 
Court of Shipway, 305, 306 : Domes- 
day Rook, 303; Company of the 
"fferachip," Dover. 305; Warden 
of, 305 ; Lord Cobham, Warden of, 



GENERAL INDEX. 



311 



81 ; Sir John Scott, Warden of, 
52. 

Clark. G. T., 179, 180, 182, 183, 184, 
185, 189. 

Clederow, John, Canon of Chichester, 
Bishop of Bangor, 48. 

Clement, John, 87 ; Sir Richard, at 
Ightham Mote, 18 ; Arms of, 17. 

Clementson. Rev. W., Vicar of Bethers- 
den, 204, 20(5. 

Clerk, Anastasia, 167 ; Joan, 171 ; 
John, 116, 168,170,171. 173; Nicho- 
las, 168 ; Ralph, 173 ;' Richard. 91, 
172, 173 ; Robert, 173 ; Simon. M.P. 
for Romney, 46 ; William, Vicar of 
Bethersden, 205. 

Cliderowe (Clitherowe) family of 
Romney, William, M.P. for Rom- 
ney, 47, 48; Richard. M.P. for 
Romney, 48, 49. 

Cliffe, 67. 63, 69, 82. 93, 95. 

Clinck, Henry. 131. 

Clinton, Thomas. 215. 

Clonmel. Thomas Scott, Earl of, 60. 

Close, East, 61. 

Clyderowe, see Cliderowe. 

Clynton, Sir Edward, 239 : Sir John. 
Patron of Ripple, 237, 238, 239 ; 
William de. Earl of Huntington. 
237, 238. 

Clytherowe, see Cliderowe. 

Coast, William Stacy, 247 ; Lucy, his 
daughter, 247. 

Cobham and its Manors, by 
A. A. Arnold, F.S.A., 110-135; 

Account of values of the several 
estates of, 132 ; arms of, 69 ; estates, 
71 ; Hall, Society's visit to. lii, 82, 
91, 132 ; restoration of, 75 ; Park, 
107 ; Parsonage, 72, 11 1 ; Rector of, 
124 ; Street, 119, 121, 129, 130,132; 
taxation of the parish of, 133 ; 
Vicarage and Church of, 72, 99 ; 
Vicars of, 72. 
Cobham Church, 73, 75, 76. 77, 78, 82, 
88, 98, 99, 115, 116, 117, 198; re- 
storation of, 75 ; Curates of, 78. 

Cobham College, by A. A. Arnold, 
F.S.A., 64—109 ; Papal Bull relat- 
ing to, 64, 65, 66 ; Inquisition, 67 ; 
inventory of goods of, 69 ; Disso- 
lution of temp. Henry VIII., 70, 71 ; 
Thorpe's account of (1777), 73; 
Masters of, 75 — 78 ; The New Col- 
lege. 79 ; W. Lambarde's letter re- 
lating to, 79, 80, 133 ; regulations 
for pensioners, 81 ; seals, 83 ; ex- 
tracts from the College books, 
88 — 92 ; Deeds relating to lands of 
4 Richard II., 93, 94 ; rental of 
lands, 94 — 98 ; grant by Abbot of 



Bermondsey to Sir George Brooke, 
Lord Cobham. of the advowson of 
Cobham, 98, 99 ; licence from Prior 
and Convent of Bermondsey to the 
Master to build College and I Ihurcfa 
(1370), 99 ; terrier of lands (1572), 
L00 — 107; valuation of temp. 
Henry VIII., 108, 109 ; seal of, 
83. 

Cobham, George, Lord, 71, 72, 98; 
seal of, 84, 99 : tomb of, 71 : Eenry, 
Lord. 68; John, Lord, 93, 94 ; John 
de. 65 ; Lord. 78, 79. 80, 82, 102, 
103, 105, 114, 117, 128, L33 ; Lady, 
82 : arms of. 84 ; Ralph de, 94 ; 
Reginald de, 93, 94, 120; Sir Ed- 
ward. 95; Sir Henry de. 120; Sir 
John de. Founder of Cobham Col- 
lege, 64, 67. 71. 77. 120 ; Sir Regi- 
nald de, 67 ; Sir Thomas de. 9 I : 
Sir William Brooke, Lord, will of, 
78, 81, 87. 94. 

Cobhambury, Manor in Cobham, 89, 
110, 113, 115, 116; tradition of 
Chapel in, 117, 118, 119, 120 : Pre- 
bend of, in Cobham Church. 66, 
116, 117; Manor of, 73, 110, 115, 
116. 117, 118, 119, 120; rental of. 
129, 131 ; list of Freeholders of, 
130. 

Cock, Dr., loans to temporary Museum 
at Romney and gifts to Members 
by, xlvii. 

Cocke, Edward, 214, 249, 256. 

Cok, Symon, 128. 

Cokayne, Mr. G. E., elected Member 
of Council, xlvi. 

Coke, Edward, 254 ; William, 96. 

Coklestone. 93. 

Cole, William, 226. 

Colebrond. James, M.P. for Romney. 
45 ; John, M.P. for Romney, 45 ; 
ward of, 45. 

Coley, John, 77. 

Colhyn, John, 237 ; Richard, Rector 
of Ripple, 237. 

Collard, John, 176. 

Collis. William, 224. 

Colman, Thomas, 77. 

Colpeper, John. William, 94 ; Sir Tho- 
mas, 298. 

Colpepir, John, 168 ; Peter, 169. 

Colson, John, 92. 

Colyer-Fergusson. T. C, F.S.A.. of 
Ightham Mote, 11), 21, 111; Pedi- 
gree of Selby of Ightham Mote, 
by, 30. 

Colyn, Andrew, M.P. for Romney. 15, 
47 ; M.P. for Yarmouth, Arundel, 
Horsham, 46 ; Stephen, Joau his 
wife. 173. 



312 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Comport, W., 112 : Mrs.. 124, 125. 
Compton, John, 109 ; Simon, 131. 
Connell, Nicholas, Rector of Hippie, 

238. 
Cooke, Mr. Richard, of Detling, 136. 

137 : T. (goldsmith), mark of, 

278. 
Cooling, 67, 69, 93 ; Cobham estates 

in. 82. 
Cooper, Richard. 231. 
Copley, John, Rebecca, Alice, and 

Martha, 205. 
Coppin. John, 221. 
Coppy. William, 52. 
Coppyn family, M.Ps. for Dunwich 

and Orford, George, 52. 
Copton, Richard, Subprior of Christ- 
church, Donor of Church Plate. 

264. 
Coriser, Thomas, 135. 
Corke. William. Rector of Swalecliffe, 

219. 220, 225. 227. 
Cornelius. Nicholas. 249. 
Corsham. Wilts. 137. 
Cotton, Dr. Charles, elected Member 

of < 'ouncil. lviii. 
Cotton. Major-General, Donor of 

Church Plate, 293. 
Coaling, gee Cooling. 
Couper, William alias Cauton, Rector 

of Ripple, 239. 
Courtenay, Archbishop, 238. 
Couyntre, Geoffrey, 167. 
Covenant. Solemn league and, signed 

at Ripple. 240. 
Cowling, <)7. 
Cowlyng, see Cooling. 
Co(w)mbe, John, 170, 171, 172, 173 ; 

Richard, 171. 
I lowper, Mr. John Meadows, Donor of 

Church Plate. 281 ; Joseph Harris, 

281. 
Coxheath, 173. 
Cozens, Mr.. 90. 
"Cnobelte," Tavern of, in Romney. 

17. 
Cranbrook, 194. 

I Iranmer, Thomas, Archbishop of Can- 
terbury, exchanges lands at Bil- 

Bington with Anthony St. Leger, 1. 
Crathorne, Thomas. 216, 217; Alice 

his wife, 21 7. 
Orayford, 48; Edward, 231, 240 

Anne his wife, 240 ; Millicent, 231 

Richard, 249 ; William. 239, 211 

[Jrsnla, 241, 246. 
Cremona Cathedral, sculptural signs 

of i he months in, 258. 
( irepeheggs, Walter, 1 12. 
Crispes land. 131. 
Cromer, Rev. Dr. George, Master 



of Cobham College, 74 ; George. 

76. 
Crompe, Robert, 168 ; William, 173, 

175. 
Crouchman, Laurence. 207. 
Crowe, Rev. Henry, on Font at Burn- 
ham Deepdale, 258. 
Crower, John, 135. 
Crypt at Ightham Mote. 1 3. 
Cuckow. Rev., Rector of Swalecliffe, 

221. 
Cumber, Rev., Minister of Cobham, 91. 
Cumbwell, Priorv of Black Canons at, 

li. 
Cuxton. Cobham estates in. 82, 89, 

106, 133. 
Cuxton House, 90. 
Cynge, Walter, 170. 



D 



Dabbs' Place, Cobham. 122, 124, 125. 
Dalton, Mr.. 152, 153, 154, 155. 
Darnley, Karl of. lx. 75, 82, 103, 113, 

115, 118,119,121 ; Harriet. Countess 

of, 75. 
Dartford, 68 ; Assembly Ball at, 147 ; 

house called " flower de luce " in, 

96. 
Dashwood, Sir Francis, M.P. for Rom- 
ney, 57, 58. 
Davies. Ann, 32. 
Davis, George, 228. 
Davy, Thomas, 198. 
Deare, John. 216. 
Debbieg, Lieut.-Col., 191. 
Deeds, Ancient, presented by 

Charles Marchant, Calendar of, 

167. 
Deere. John, 227. 
Delamar, see Denbye. 
Delce, Great Manor of, 97. 
Denbigh, 242—246. 
Denbye, John, Rector of Ripple, 239. 
Denge Marsh. Guardians of, 45. 
Delia. T.. 283. 
Denton in Wingham. 51. 
Derbyshire, Sir Roger Greisley of 

Drakelowe Hall in, 61 ; South, M. P. 

for, 61. 
Dering, Cholmeley, M.P. for Romney, 

60; Edward. M.P. for Romney, 

Selina and Deborah his wives, 58, 

(in. 140, 117. I5H. 208, 303 : Sir 

Oholmondely, 1 1. 
Dering MSS.. 68, 71. 7 1, 75. 77. 
Derteforthe ( Dartford), 69. 
Dervit, David. 203. 
Deveer, Frederick (goldsmith), mark 

of, 276. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



313 



Dewling, John. 89. 

Ditton, Thames, Surrey. Richard Sul- 
livan of, 59. 

Dobbes. John, 134 ; Robert, 121 ; John, 
132. 

Dod, Roger, M.P. for Romney. 15. 

Dodsley. James, bookseller, 149 ; Ro- 
bert. 1 19. 

Domesday Book of the Cinque Ports, 
303. 

Dorchester. Countess of, 55. 

Dorman, John, of Sutton at Hone. 111. 

Dorret. Thomas, 96. 

Dover, 159, 242 ; Bishop of, 245, 241! ; 
Castle, 46, 142 ; Lieutenant of, SO ; 
Charters of, by Rev. S. P. H. Stat- 
ham, 303 ; George Bynge, M. P. for, 
53 ; John Elys, M.P. for, 46 ; M.P.'s 
for, 47, 57, 58, 59 ; St. James's 
Church, 304. 

Dowman, John, 144. 

Drake, Miss, of Rochester, her bird's- 
eye view of Ightham Mote House. 
1 ; John, Rector of Ripple. 239. 

Drakelowe Hall, Sir Roger Greisley 
of, 61. 

Drax. Edward, Sarah and Frances his 
daughters, 60. 

Ducarel, Dr., references to in Hasted 
letters, 136, 139. 140, 142, 143, 144. 
145, 146, 147, 148, 150. 156. 

Duckworth, Sir John Thomas, M.P. 
for Romney, 60. 

Dudle, Mr., 95. 

Duncan, Mr. Leland L., on West- 
Mailing Wills, 301. 

Duncombe, Rev. John, Vicar of St. 
Mary Bredman, 285, 286. 

Dunkin, A. J., 100. 

Dunwich, Coppyn family, M.Ps. for, 
53. 

Durant, William, Rector of Ripple, 
237. 

Durband, Henry, 247, 248. 

Durborne, George, 239. 

Dyke, P. H., 111. 

Dyne, John, 207. 



B 



Eastry, Henry of, Prior of Christ 

Clmrch, 262. 
Edenbridge, 84, 86. 
Edmonds, Henry, 130 ; James, 129. 
Edmondson, Mr., 140. 
Edmund, Earl of Kent, Charter of, 

to Cinque Ports, 305. 
Edward the Black Prince, Monument 

of, 143 ; Bequests of, to Canterbury 

Cathedral, 263. 



Edy, Richard, 97. 

Elgar, Mr. II.. appointed Clerk and 
( Surator, xliv ; Eenry, 247 ; John, 
247; Thomas, 208. 

Elham, 160. 

Eltham Palace, i lateway of, lii. 

Ely, William. 169. 

Elys. Edward, 4s ; Guy, M.P. for 
Romney, 50 ; John, M.P. for Dover, 
Sandwich. Canterbury, Yarmouth, 
46 ; William, M.P. for Romney, 17. 
207. 

Emyett, William, 175. 

Englefeld. Thomas. 174. 

Enloe Hall. 246. 

Eppcloun, Nicholas. Mayor of Sand- 
wich, 304. 

Eppes, William, M.P. for Romney, 
52. 

Erdley, John, 128. 

Esdone, John, 103. 

Eslingham, 69 ; Manor of. 128. 

Essington, John. M.P. for Romney, 
Aylesbury, 57. 

Estar, Thomas, 167. 

Etherst John. 171. 

Eton College Chapel, marks on Plate 
in, 271. 

Evans, Mr. Sebastian, jun., appointed 
Hon. Secretary, xlvi. 

Evesdone, John, 103, 104. 

Ewell. John, 220. 

Exbury (Hants), William Mitford of, 
60. 

Eyr, Thomas, 167 ; William. L67. 

Eythorne. Leaden font at, 255. 



Falmouth, Sir Charles Berkeley, Earl 

of, 55. 
Fane, Thomas. 79 ; Sir George. 87. 
Farleigh, East, 94, 168. 
Faussett, Rev. Bi-yan of Heppington. 

137, 138, 141. 
Faversham, 303 ; Charters of the 

Cinque Ports at, 37, 43. 
Faversham Household Inventory, 

by A. Hussey, 230, 236. 
Eawkham, Extracts from the parish 

registers relating to the family of 

Selby. 36. 
Fedge, Edward. L'l 7. 
Felbri<r«\ William Windham of, 59. 
Ferdinand II., Emperor. 268. 
Fergusson, T. C. Colyer-, see Colyer- 

Ferarusson. 
Ferneberwe, Walter de, Vicar of Cob- 

hain, 76. 
Ferrauntz, Thomas, 134. 



311 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Ferrers, Earl, 57. 

Fetherstone. Francis, M.I\ for Roni- 

ney, 53. 
"Fferschip" (ferry .ship) of Dover, 

305. 
Filborough, East Chalk. 193. 
Finch. Daniel. Donor of Church Plate, 

284 : Vincent, Bailiff of Winchel- 

sea, 304. 
Finn. Mr. Arthur, on the Monument 

and Brassesof New Roinney Church, 

xlvii ; on the Records of Lydd, 

xlviii. 
Fisher, Alice. 17(i: Anthony, 84, 86, 

88. 
Fite James, Bishop of Rochester, 

L16. 
Fit/.-Hardinge, Viscount, Sir Charles 

Berkeley, 55. 
Fitzherbert. Anthony. 174. 
Flecher, Nathan, 216. 
Fletcher, Thomas, 129. 
Fog, Thomas. 94. 
Folstone, Benedict de, 116. 

Fonts, Leaden, Rev. G. M. Livett 

On, 255 — 261. 

Fordwich, 303 ; St. Mary, Inventory 
of Church Plate. 295. 

Fordyce, John, .M.P. for Romney, 
59. 

Forminger, Thomas, 225. 

Fossett, see Faussett. 

Fowler, James, on Mediaeval Repre- 
ssions of the Months and Sea- 
sons, 25 7. 

Fox, Henry, 221 ; Thomas, 227, 228. 

Franceys. John. M.P. for Romney, 45 ; 
Rector of Ripple. 240, 241. 249, 250, 
254 ; Edward, 249, 250, 254 ; Tho- 
mas, 249, 250. 

Francklyn, John. 133. 

Franke, Nathaniel, 90. 

Frankeley, Thomas. 175. 

Frankeleyn. John, 168 ; Thomas, 
171. 

Fransham, Nicholas* Curate of Cob- 
ham, 78. 

Fremoult, Rev. S., Donor of Church 
Plate, 27:;. 281. 

Frenyngham, John de, 94. 

Frindsbury, 69, 114, 115; land-- in, 
1 28 : < hurch. Fresco of St. William 
of Perth in, '.'7. 

Fringesbury, see Frindsbury. 

Froman, John, Joan, I 7:;. 

Fronshatn, Richard, 'urate of Cob- 
ham. 96 note. 

Fryer, Dr. A. <'.. on Leaden Fonts, 
255. 

Fryke, Robert, 169. 

Fuller, John, S1.P. for Sussex, 68; 



Rose, M.P. for Romney, Maidstone, 
Rye, 58. 
Furnese, Henry, Sir Robert, M.Ps. 
for Romney, 57. 58 ; Sir Roger, 
Selina his daughter, 58. 



G 



Gable or Caple Ilooke. Bethersden, 
202. 

Galley Hill, Swanscom.be, Discovery 
n! Roman Kiln at, lxxiii. 

Gantlett, Thomas. 226 : .Mary. 226. 

Ganyatt, Richard, 175. 

Gardiner, John, M.P. for Romney, 47. 

Garrard, Robert (goldsmith), mark 
of, 284. 

Garrod, William (goldsmith), mark 
of, 297. 

Gartns, Sir Peter, Curate of Cobham, 
78. 

Geekie. Jane, 278. 

Geffe, Robert, 45; M.P. for Romney, 
47. 

Gerdeler, Richard. 103. 

Germin, Nicholas, 96. 

Germyn, John, 134 ; Richard, 132. 

Ceroid, Laurence, 1(38. 

Gervis, Sir George William Tapps, 61. 

Gibbon, Thomas, Lydia his daughter, 
204. 

Gibson, John, M.P. for Thirsk, 51. 

Gifford, Mary, 31. 

Gilbert, Thomas. 288. 

Giles, Mr., 221. 

Gilder. Rev. Edward, Vicar of St. 
Dunstan, Canterbury. 274. 

Gilford (Guldeford), Sir John, M.P. 
for Romney, 51. 

Gilforth, Lady. 97. 

<;illinu , 'ham, (37. 

Giotto, PaintiDg by, of the months. 
257. 

Giraud, F. F., Notes on an early- 
Cinque Ports Charter, 37, 43. 

Girdler, Elizabeth, 129; John. 96; 
Richard. 129. 

Girold, John, of Dover. 304. 

Giskins Farm. Cobham, 112. 

Gladwyn, .John, Master of Cobham 
College, 75. 77. 

Godfrey. Edward, Mayor of Romney, 
51 ; Lambard, M.P. for Romney, 
Knt. of the Shire for Kent. 55 ; 
Margaret, 55; Mr., 157; Richard, 
M.P. for Romney, 53, 5 1 ; Sir Ed- 
mund Berry. 5 1 ; Thomas, M.P. Eoi 

l; iraney, Winchelsea, 53, 54. 

( Muling! (in. 202. 

Godmersham, Thomas. Knight of, 58. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



315 



Godwin, Earl, 110. 

Goldhawes, South, 128. 

Golding Street, Cobham, 102. 130. 

Golly, Robert, L34. 

Goldocke, Richard, of Higham, 95. 

Goldsmith, Hugh, M.P. for Romney 

and Canterbury, 45. 
Goldyngestreete, Cobham, 131. 
Goniston, Edward, Vicar of Seasalter 

and Whitstable, 215. 
Gookin, John, 240, 247, 21!), 254 ; 

Thomas, 254. 
Goodlok, Geoffrey, M.P. for Romnev. 

49. 
Goodwin Sands, 208. 
Gooneston, Rev., Curate of Whit- 
stable, 227. 
Gordon, Alexander, 4th Duke of, 246 ; 

Madeline, 246. 
Goudhurst, 194. 
Goulston, Richard, M.P. for Hertford, 

56 ; Sir William, M.P. for Romney, 

56. 
Goulstone, Edward, M.P. for Romney, 

56. 
Gouldstreet, Cobham, 129. 
Gowthurst (Goudhurst). 173. 
Grain, Isle of, 68. 
Gravesend, 82, 111, 128; General 

Meeting at, lviii — lxi ; manor of, 

112, 126. 
Graveney, 216. 
Gray, William, Donor of Church Plate, 

287. 
Green, manor of, 67. 
Greenwich, East, College of, 81. 
Greenwood, Mr., of Oakhurst, 201. 
Greisley, Sir Roger, M.P. for Romney, 

61. 
Grenewod, Thomas, 128. 
Grey, Lord. 94. 
Griffith, Captain G. W., 190, 192 ; Sir 

Morys, 206. 
Grimsby, Thomas Brett, M.P. for, 54. 
Grosvenor, Richard, Erie Drax, M.P. 

for Romney, Sarah Frances his 

wife, 60. 
Grovehull, John de. Rector of Ripple, 

237. 
Grundy, William (goldsmith), mark 

of, 269. 
Guggild, Roger, 167. 
Gundulf. Bishop, 187, 188. 
Gunning, Mr., 124, 125, 126. 
Gurney, Richard (goldsmith), mark 

of, 278. 
Gwode, Simon, M.P. for Romney, 46. 
Gybson, Richard. M.P. for Romney, 

50, 51. 
Gyles, Jerman, 131. 
Gyrdeler, Richard, 134. 



II 



Hadden, Mr.. 100, in:.. 

Baddes. Anthony, 217, 218. 

Hardres, Lower, Inventoryof Church 
Plate, 294. 

llalden, William de, 93. 

Hale, John, 133, 134. 

Hales. Edward, 298 ; Sir John, Presi- 
dent of Cobham College, 90. 

Halfnothe, John. 224. 

Halghesto (Halstow), 93. 

Hall, John Atte, 46. 

Hailing, Cobham estates in, 82. 

Halls. Old, of Lancashire and ( Iheshire, 
by Henry Taylor, 5 note, 12 ; Early 
Plan of, 10. 11. 

Halstead's Genealogies. 205. 

Halstow. 69. 

Hampton, William. 171. 172. 

Hansell Hill. 128. 

Ha'pence Lane. Cobham, 107. 132. 

Ilarbledown, St. Michael, Church 
Plate, 293. 

Harborough, Robert, Earl of. 214. 

Harden Hall, Cheshire, ladies' bower 
at, 11. 

Harding. Elizabeth. 129; James. 129 ; 
Robert, 130; Walter. 16S. 

Hardwicke, Earl of, 241, 242. 

Harker, John, 225. 

Harloe. Stephen, 249. 

Harnett, James, 278. 

Harper, Sir Edward, 111 ; Sir George. 
Ill ; Sir John, 112: John, 101. 

Harris. Ann, 131. 

Harrison, Archdeacon B., Donor of 
Church Plate, 269. 

Harry, Richard, 48 ; 
for Romney, 48, 49. 

Harsted, see Hasted. 

Hart, Major-General 
192 ; Sir Percival, 
daughter, 53. 

Harte, William, 128. 

Harweston in Hoo, 67. 

Haselam, George, 176. 

Hasted, Arms of , 139; Autobiographi- 
cal Memoirs, 136 ; dedication of 
his history to King George III., 
rough draft of, 151 — 151 ; Edward, 
President of Cobham College. 92 ; 

Edward, Letters of, to Thomas 

Astle, 136 — 166 ; Laurence, of 

Sonninu', Berks. 139 : Moses. 139. 
Hastings, 303: M.P. for, 46, 53, 51, 

57 ; Scott family. M.Ps. for, 52 ; 

Warren. 59. 
Hather, John, 227; Thomas. Ids. 
Hauk, Henry. 120. 
Haulo, Rogerde, Joan his wife, 207. 



Stephen, M.P. 



Sir Reginald, 
Frances his 



316 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Bant, Edward, of Ighthain Mote, 17. 

Ha warden, 2 40. 

Hawke, Christopher, Curate of Cob- 
ham, 78. 

Haydon (Hoden Fee), Manor of, 110, 
113, 115, 122 ; Street, 115. 

Hayes, Henry, 96 : Mr.. 121. 125, 126 ; 
diary of, 72 ; of Cobham, family 
of, % ; Richard, 130 ; Robert, 131 ; 
William, 130. 

Hay ward, Alderman Sir W. Webb, 189. 

Head, Jobn, Archdeacon of Cauter- 
bury, 278 ; Margaret, 289 ; Sit 
Francis, Donor of Church Plate, 
28t) ; Sir Richard, 289. 

Hearne, Rev. George, 201. 

I Leath, John, 131. 

Hebbourne, Anne, 12 'J. 

Henhurst Court, Cobham, 101, 111, 
112, 126, 204 ; Gotcelinus de. Ill ; 
High House at, 111 ; Manor of, 110, 
115, 122; Lord Morrys's Bill of 
Complaint concerning lauds in, 126. 

Heuniker, John, M.P. for liomney, 
Sudbury, Dover, 59. 

llennis, Boatson, 90. 

Henry IV., King of England, Corona- 
tion of, 47. 

Heppington, Roman Camp at, 137 — 
139. 

Herbert, John, M.P. for Romney, 51. 

Heriotsmarsh in Shorne, 95. 

Herman, John, 96, 170. 

Hernden. John, 173. 

Heme, 213. 

Herper, John, 126. 

Hertford, M.P. for, 56. 

Hetnam, Thomas, 173. 

Hever, 196. 

Heys, John, 131 ; Robert, 131. 

Heyst, John, 130. 

Heytesbury, M.P. for, 55, 58. 

Heywerd, Henry, 135. 

Biggins, Charles, 291. 

Highain, 69 ; Cobham estates in, 82. 

Hillary, John, 172. 

Hinton, Admiral, 61. 

Hinxhill. 203, 206. 

Hobson, William, Master of Cobham 
College, 7.'-, 78. 

Boden Fee in Cobham Manor, 113 j 
rental of, 127. 

llogton Tower, Preston, position of 
domestic chapel at. 5 note. 

Bole in Rolvenden, 204. 

Ilollaway. Thomas, 21 7. 

Bollingbourne, ll'l ; Nicholas. 254. 
Bolman, Ant bony. 250, 251. 
Bolmea, Mr., L24, 125, 126. 
Holoway, William. 223. 

llolstrete, John, 170. 



Hols worth, Mr., 124—126. 

Holt (Hott), John, Master of Cobham 
College, 75, 121 ; Richard. 107 ; 
Robert, 104, 132, 135, 221. 

Holtou, George, M.P. for Romney, 51. 

Holy Cross. Canterbury', inventory of 
Church Plate. 280. 281. 

Holynbroke. family of. in Romney, 
ward of, 45 ; William, M.P. for 
Romney. 45. 16. 

Homan, Mr. Franklin. 177, 189. 

Hony wood. Anthony, Donorof Church 
Plate, Robert. Thomasina, 28S ; Sir 
Robert, M.P. for Romney, 54 ; 
M.l'.'s for Hastings, Hythe, Can- 
terbury, 54. 

Hoo, Hundred de, 69 : St. Mary at, 93 ; 
St. Werburtrh, 69, 82 ; British gold 
coin from, lxvii. 

Hook, John. 169. 

Hope. Henry de, Vicar of Cobham, 
76- ; W. H. St. John, Note on the 
so-called tomb of Countess of 
Athol, by, 209—212; inventories 
of Christ Church, Canterbury, 262. 

Hopkin, Gilbert, 222. 

Homey, Peter, 121. 

Hornsby, Richard, 113. 

Horsey, William, D.D., 76, 116. 

Horsham, M.P. for, 46. 

Horsmonden, 194. 195. 

Horton Kirby, 68, 77, 95, 97, 99, 113. 

Hosyer. Thomas, 49. 

Hott, John, 89 ; Thomas. 104, 134 ; 
Sir John. 132. 

Houghton Tower, domestic chapel at, 
5 note, 12. 

" Houmout," on Black Prince's tomb, 
142, 143. 

Howard. Thomas, Earl of Arundel, 
Donor of Church Plate to Canter- 
bury, 266. 268. 

Howell, Elizabeth. 31 ; Jane, 32. 

Hubble. Mr.. 124—126. 

Huchon (Hochon), Edmund, M.P. for 
Romney, 46. 

Huddlestone, Thomas, 243, 241, 246; 
Lucy. 243, 244, 246. 

Hudspeth, Henry, Vicar of Tilnian- 
stone, 239. 

Huffam, Mr.. 214. 

Huggin, John. 127. 

Bughes, Henry, Simon his sou. Vicars 

of Bethersden, 206. 
llukin. William, 202. 
Bulse, Nathaniel. Anne his wile. 206. 
Bumberhill, 127. 

Humble. John. 231. 
II umborowe Hill. III. 
Hundred Court of Dover, 305. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



317 



Hunt, Agnes, 175; Alice, of Bough- 
ton Monchclsea, will of, 175, 176; 
Guy. 170, 171, 17-'. 173, 17:.. 176 ; 
Henry, 169, 170, 173, L74 ; Joan, 
175 ; John, 168, 169, 170, 171. 171 : 
Nicholas, 175, 176; Richard, 168 ; 
Robert. 17:5, 174 ; Roger, 168, L69 ; 
Simon, 1 (is. 169; Thomas. 85. 168, 
174; William, 168, 169, 17:5. 

Huntingfield, William, Constable of 
Dover Castle, 305. 

Hunton, 174. 

Huntyndon, see Hunton. 

Hussey, Arthur, Faversham House- 
hold Inventory, by, 230 : Visitations 
of the Archdeacon of Canterbury, 
by, 213. 

Hutchen, Symond, 115. 

Hylgerden, William, 170. 

Hythe, M.P. for, 47, 54. 60 ; Scott 
family, M.P.'s for, 52. 



Ickham Church, Monument in, 52. 

Idelegh. John de, 93. 

Iffin's Wood, 137. 

Ifild, 69. 

Iggulden, Joseph, 242. 

Ightham, Mote House, by Henry 
Taylor, F.S.A., 1—30 ; Great Hall, 
6 — 12 ; Early Chapel and Crypt, 
12—14 ; Oriel Room, 14, 15 ; Tudor 
Chapel, 15; Gate House, 16 — 18; 
Withdrawing Room, 19 ; Billiard 
Room, 19, 20 ; Bedrooms, 21 ; 
Library, 20; Morning Room, 21; 
Kitchen, 21 ; Staircases, 21. 22 ; 
Building Materials, 22, 24 ; Quad- 
rangle, 24. 25 ; Fronts, 25 — 28 ; 
Bridges, 28, 29 ; Old Barn, 29 : 
Table of Ai'chitectural Periods. 7 ; 
Extracts from Parish Registers 
relating to family of Selby, 33 — 36 ; 
Bowl and Polished Celt from Rose 
Wood in, lxxvii. 

Illenden, Thomas. 216. 

Illisbridge, 49. 

Impey. Sir Elijah, M.P. for Romney, 59. 

Ingold, John, 134. 

Ingram, Richard, Vicar of Romney. 
58 ; Sir Arthur, M.P. for Romney. 5:5. 

Innocent, John (goldsmith), mark of. 
273. 

Inventories, Mediasval, of Church 
goods at Christ Church. Canter- 
bury, 262—266. 

Inventory of Church Plate in Cathe- 
dral and Rural Deanery of Canter- 
bury, 273—300. 



Isabel. Queen. ('<1nn1ati.u1 of, 17. 

Isolde, Salam, 173. 

Isonde, Richard, Agn 1 filter, 

169. 
Ive. John. M.P. lor Romney, hi. 17 : 

William. M.P. I'm- Sandwich, 16. 
Ivychurch (Ivechurch), 16, 56; Si. 

( reoige's ( Ihurch. xlviii. 
Iwade, 69, 93, 94, 



.1 



Jackson. Richard. M.P. for Romney, 

59. 
Jacob, Edward. 276 ; .Joshua. 2 IK. 
Jakeshaw. 121. 
Jakyn, Simon. 167. 
Jarmyne, Henry, 102, Mi:!. 104, 1()7. 
Javin^s. John, 121. 
Jeake's " Charters of the Cinque 

Ports," 37 note. 
Jeator, John, 103. 
Jenkins, Canon, on Guldeford Family, 

51. 
Jermyn, Henry. 129 ; John. 129 ; 

William, 12'.)! 
Jeskins Court, Cobham, 111, 112. 122. 
Jeskyns, see Jeskins. 
Jetter, Henry, 130 ; John. 129 ; Tho- 
mas. 129 ; William, 129. 
Joce, John, 174. 
1 Johnson, J. A., 245 ; John. 222 ; Mr., 

155, 156; Thomas, Vicar of St. 

Margaret's, Canterbury. 282, 283 : 

William, 107. 
Jones. Lucy. 248. 

Joskyn, John. 122, 132 ; Richard. 122. 
Joye, Richard, 17(i. 



K 



Keeler, William, 230. 

Kelly, Margaret, 32. 

Kemp, Mr., 220 ; Sir Thomas. 239. 

Kenardingtou, 50. 

Kenett, Robert. 250 ; William. 250. 

Kenne. Robert, 221. 

Kennett, John. 250, 254 ; Robert, 
254. 

Kenningstone, John, 106. 

Kensington Palace Chapel, marks on 
plate in, 271. 

Kenrick. John. Rector of Ripple, 243. 

Kent, Henry, Vicar of Bethersden. 
206 ; Robert Furnese. Knight of 
the Shire for, 57 ; sir Peter .Man- 
wood, Sheriff of, 53 ; Thomas. 1 70. 

Keyser, Thomas, Mary his daughter, 
57. 



318 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Kin?. Mr., 158 ; Walter. 169—172. 

Knatchbull, Dr. Wadham. Catherine 
his daughter. 68 ; John. M.P. for 
Romney. 55 : M.I', for Hythe. 54 : 
Sir Norton. M.l'. lor Romney. 54, 
.">.") ; Thomas. 5 1. 

Knight, Thomas. M.P. for Romney, 
; Catherine his wife, 58. 

Knocker, Mr. Edward, 303 note. 

Kyng, Laurence. 1 72. 173: Thomas, 
174: William. 134. 



Lake, Thomas, M.P. for Romney , 

Hastings, 53. 
Lambarde, Margaret, 55 ; Mr., 79, 83, 

85; Richard, 50; William, 7'.'. 84, 

86, 92 : letter of. 79, 80, 81 ; his 

account of St. William of Perth, 

97 note. 
Lambart, Edward. 132. 
Lamberden. Great, 207. 
Lamparde, Robert. 96. 
Lancashire and Cheshire, Old Halls 

of, by Henry Taylor, 5 note. 
" Lancashire,'' ship named the, 304. 
Langdon, John, Bishop of Rochester, 

77 ; West. Abbey of. xlix, 1. 
Langley. 173; John, 128. 
Lathbury. Isaac. 1 27. 
Laud. Archbishop, 215. 
Laurence, John. 17U. 
Lawson. Rev. A. W., on West Mailing 

Church. 3o 1. 
Le Geyt, Robert, 278 ; Philip, 278. 
Leavett, Thomas. 213. 
Leche, Thomas, "Vicar of Bethersden, 

205. 
Ledale. Henry, 172. 
Lede. Nicholas, 1 70. 
Lee, Richard, 96. 97. 
Lee Warner. Rev. G. B., Vicar of St. 

.Mary Bivdin. Donor of Church 

Plate. 285 : Daniel Benry, 285. 
Leeds, Priory of. li, 111. 168, 171. 
Legg, Dr. Wickham, Inventory of 

Christ Church, Canterbury, 202. 
Lemas, Richard. 223. 
Lenefoth, Robert. 170. 
Lentall, Edmund. 1 7.".. 
Li'.-ncss, Priory of P.lack Canons at. li. 
Lettere, Robert, 169. 
Letters of Edward Hasted to Thomas 

Astle, 136. 
Levenode, Peter. 17.".. 
I. Sir John, 79. so, S2 : Presi- 

dent of Cobham College. 84,86,87 ; 

letter of, 85; Christian his wife, 

80 ; Sir Richard, 87. 



Levey, Peter, 134. 

Lewes, Henry, M.P. for Romney, 45 ; 
Thomas, 224. 

Leybourne, 93. 

Liminge. Manor of. 100 ; Nunnery of, 
160. 

Lincoln. Bishop of, 238. 

Lingfield (Surrey). College of, 64. 

Lister, Ralph, 00. 

Littlebourne, Vicar of. 155. 

Livett, Rev. G. M., on the Leaden 
Font at Brookland, 255 ; on St. 
Nicholas Church, New Romney, and 
All Saints, Lydd, xlvii ; St. Augus- 
tine's, Brookland, St. Clement's, 
Old Romney, on leaden fonts, xlviii. 

Lloyd, Barbara, 246; David. 246; 
Edward, Rector of Ripple, 241,242, 
246 ; Henry, Rector of Ripple. 2 13 : 
Lewis. 240 ; Lucy, 240 ; Margaret. 
246. 

Lokkeleye, Richard de, Rector of 
Ripple, 237. 

London. John, 89. 

Long. Clement. 227 : Daniel, 249, 250 ; 
John, 69 ; William. 215. 

Loosemore, Rev. P. W., Rector of St. 
Peter's, Canterbury, 291. 

Lopes, Manasseh, M.P. for Romney. 
59. 

Lord, Thomas, 130. 

Lotteby, James. M.P. for Romney. 
49. 

Lounceforde (Lunsford), John, M.P. 
for Romney, 47. 

Lovelace. Chantry in Bethersden, En- 
dowment of. 206 ; Sir William. 203. 

Lovejoy. George. Elizabeth, Donor of 
Church Plate, 279. 

Lovett, Nicholas. 221. 

Lowe, Bishop of Rochester, 75, 77. 

Lowes, James, M.P. for Romney. 
49. 

Lowne, Thomas, 218. 

Lowys. James, M.P. for Romney, Is. 
49. 

Loyd, Rev. Hugh. 242. 

Luard. Major-General C. E., on 
Ightham Mote, 2, 14. 15. 16. 

Luddesdon. 07, 69, 94, 102, 103, In:.. 
132, 133, 

Ludelowe, Sir Thomas de, Knt., 93. 

Lukis. Mr., 68. 

Lunceford. John. 47. 

Lunsford (Lonseford), Simon, M.P. 
for Romney, Mayor of Rye, 16. 

Luton Church, Beds, 239. 

Lydd, 46, 48; family. 17: Thomas 
Godfrey of, 53, 54, 56 ; < 'huruh of. 
48. 

Lymsey, Mr., 102. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



310 



Lynch, Mr., 213. 

Lyndraper, John, 169; Nicholas, 168. 
Lyndregge, Nicholas, 168. 
Lynpitt, Edward, Joan, 17 1. 
Lytylhare, Henry, John, and Nicholas, 
173 ; Richard, 170. 



M 



Mackney, John, 219; Richard. 247, 

249, 250, 251 ; Thomas, 249, 250, 

254 ; Francis, 250, 254 ; Sidrach. 

254. 
Maclear, Dr. G., of St. Augustine's 

College, Canterbury, 292. 
Maffey, Andrew, M.P. for Lewes. 48 ; 

John. M.P. for Romney. 48. 
Magna Charter, copy of, for Romney, 

46. 
Maidstone. 167 — 176 (jtassim) ; Mayor 

of, 156; M.P. for, 58. 
Malemayes, John de, 207. 
Mailing, Abbess of, 97 ; West, History 

of Parish Church of, 301 ; Eliza- 
bethan Flagon, 301. 
Malvern Abbey, representations of 

month labours at, 257. 
Mandale. Blain, Hector of Ripple, 241, 

244, 245. 
Mann, Gother, letter of, concerning 

Rochester Castle, 191 ; William, 

Rector of Ripple, 239. 
Mansell, John, Provost of Beverley. 

founder of Bilsington Priory, xlviii. 
Mansfield, William, 114. 
Manton, Ralph, 228. 
Man wood, Sir Peter. M.P. for Romney, 

Saltash, 53 ; President of Cobham 

College, 84 ; Donor of Church Plate, 

293. 
Marchall, John, 132. 
Marchant. Charles. Ancient Deeds 

presented to the Society by, 167. 
Marler, Laurence. 170. 
Marlow, George, 228, 229. 
Marsh. Jacob (goldsmith - ), mark of, 

289.' 
Marshall, John. 134. 
Martyn, W., 96. 
Mascal, Samson, 167. 
Mason, William, 131, 132, 224. 
Master, Edward, 230. 
May Hall, Liverpool. 244. 
Maydestan, see Maidstone. 
Maylam, John, Thomas, 168. 
Maylam's Corner, 202. 
Mayor, Mr. Joseph. 137. 
Mayster, William, 169. 
Mazers, Mediaeval use of in Churches. 

263. 



Mears and Stainbank (bell founders l, 
204. 

Meares, William, 

Mebourne, Robert de. Rector of Ripple, 
237. 

Melhale, Robert, 170. 

Melsham, John, 101, 106. 

Mendfield. Thomas. 230, 231. 

Menvil, John. William. 216, 217. 

Mepham, 93, 105, 123, 164. 

Mercott, John. 66. 

Merly (Dorset), John Willett of, 59. 

Merovingian Triens, lxxi. 

Merriam family of Boughton Mon- 
chelsea, Alexander, 17:; : Bartholo- 
mew, 17:'»: Charles Pierce, 167; 
Henry. 168, 17:;-. Isaac, 170; John, 
169, 170, 171 : .loan, 170, 171 : 
Robert, 168, 169, 170; Stephen, 
170—171 : William. 169, 170, 171. 

Mersham Hatch, Sir Norton K natch- 
bull, Knight of. 5 I. 

Merton, Walter de. Bishop of Roches- 
ter, 115. 

Meryham. see Merriam. 

Meryhell in Bouirhton Monchelsey, 
169. 

Meryhome, Robert, see Merriam. 

Mesham, Col. Arthur. Patron of Rip- 
ple, 245, 246, 247 ; Rev. A. B., 245, 
246 ; Robert, Rector of Ripple, 244, 
246 : Lucy his wife. 247 ; Thomas. 
243, 246, 247 ; Ellen. 243, 246, 247.' 

Mewpeham, see Mepham. 

Micklethwaite. Mr. J. T.. 302. 

Middleton. John, 130. 

Mildnell, John, 218. 

Miles, William, M.P. for Romney, 61. 

Milhale, Henry, 171, 172: Robert, 
Joan his wife, 1 72. 

Milksted, John, 217. 

Miller, John, 96 ; Rev. J. A., on 
St. George's, Ivychurch, xlviii. 

Milton next Canterbury, St. Nicholas, 
Inventory of Church Plate, 296 ; 
Vicar of, 155. 

Minge, John. M.P. for Romney, 52 : 
Mayor of Romney, 53. 

Mitford, Sir John, 60 ; William. M.P. 
for liomney, 60. 

Mold, W. H, 202, 204. 

Money, Robert and Selina, Donors of 
Church Plate. 293. 

Mongeham. Great, 231. 239, 240, 242. 

Monke. Thomas, 1 15. 

Month labours, representations of. in 
mediaeval art. 257. 

Moreland, Austin, Christopher. 127. 

Morris, Bartholomew. 215; William, 
249. 

Morrys, Sir Christopher, Elizabeth 



320 



GENERAL INDEX. 



his wife, 112, 126 ; Lady, Bill of 
Complaint concerning land in Ben- 
hurst by, 126. 

Mortem, set Morton. 

Mortimer. Richard. Earl of March. 
Constable of Dover Castle. 303. 

Morton, John. M.P. for Romney . 59 : 
Rector of Ripple, 238. 

Morys, John. 184 ; Thomas. 134. 

Moojen, H. E.. 103. 

Moore. Archbishop, 155. 

Mot. John, 167. 

Mount House. Cobham, 110, 113, 115. 

Moj'le, John. 53. 

Moys, John. B6. 

Moyse, John (alias Tenterden). last 
Prior of Bilsington. xlix. 

Mad.de, Rev.. .Minister of Cobham, 88. 

Munne. Thomas, 107. 

Myles, Thomas, 167. 



N 



Xackington. St. Marv. Inventory of 

Church Plate of. 297. 
Nash. 203, 201. 
Neele, Robert, Vicar of Romney. 54 : 

William, M.P. for Romney. 54. 
Nesbitt, Mr. A., on the leaden font at 

Brookland. 256. 
Netheravon, Wilts. Thomas Scott, 

Prebendary of. 238. 
Newport, M.P. for. 60. 
Newstreet, John, 225. 
Newton, William de, Chaplain of 

Chantry in Cobham Church, 77. 
Nicholas, Chaplain of Shorne, 198. 
Nicholls. Henry. 87. 
Nikke. Richard, 116. 
Nin-house (Great Chart), 204. 
Nookes, John, 242. 
Norbetone. Emma, 169. 
Norman leaden fonts, 2r>."> ; French 

titles of the months on, 257. 
Norman, Sir John, 70. 
Norrington, Miles. 203. 
North ( 'ourt in Cobham, 68, 100. 
Northall, John. 132. 
Northcot, .ire North Court. 
Northbourne, Lord, elected President 

of the Society, lvii. 
Northfleet, 69, 93; Old Recti »ry at, 

193. 195. 
Norttigate, Canterbury, Inventory of 

Plan- in St. .Mary's Church. 287. 
North gate, tee North Court. 
Northiam Well. House near. 194. 
Norton, 224 ; Edward, 174; John. 94 ; 

Robert. 168; Stephen, 170—17:; ; 

Robert and William his sons, 170. 



Northwode. Sir Roger de, Agnes his 

wife. 93. 
Noure, William, 250. 
Nunhelmeston, Manor of, 160. 
Nursted, 68, 69, 100, 102. 
Nutstead, Manor of. 96. 
Nuwene, John, M.P. for Romney. 15 ; 

Peter, M.P. for Romney. 4s. 



O 



Oakhurst in Bethersden, 201, 202. 

Oakingham, 244. 

Offa, Cuin of, lxxi. 

Oliver, Alexander. 220. 

Olyve, Thomas. 168. 

Onslow Barrett, Dr., 246. 

Orford. Coppyn family, M.Ps. for. 53. 

Oriel Room, or Solar, at Ightham 

Mote, 14.' 
Orientation of Churches. 5 and note. 
Osborn, Mr., 80. 
Ospringe. 140, 146. 
Otteford, Manor of, 67. 
Otterhampton, Manor of, 211. 
Outelmestone, Manor of, 160. 
Overton, Clement. .M.P. for Romney, 

49. 
Ower, Thomas, 2 1 7. 
Oxenden, Sir Henry, 160; William, 

M.P. for Romney, 51. 



Padua. Giotto's painting of the months 
at, 257. 

Padyan (Pattison), John, 51 ; Ste- 
phen, M.P. for Winelielsea, 51 ; 
Symon, M.P. for Romney. 51. 

Page, Edmund, 95 ; John, 169 — 172. 

Pakynton. John de, Rector of Ripple, 
237. 

Palmer. Charles Fysshe, 243. 244, 246 ; 
Lucy. 243, 244, 246 : Mr.. 191. 192. 

Papillon. David, M.P. for Romney. 
57, 58 : Philip. 5 7. 

Paramore, John, 241, 246. 

Parker, on 17th century buildings in 
Oxford in A. Ji. C. of Gothic Archi- 
tecture. 17 ; Domestic Architecture, 
illustrations of the doors o f Igli tliam 
.Muie in. 18; Archbishop, Visitation 
of, 213, 219, 221,223 ; Richard. 129, 
130 ; Robert, 129 ; Thomas. 96, 
168. 

Partridge. Margaret, 231. 

Pate. William. 1 14. 

Pattemelle, Richard de. 168. 

Pawson Richard, 227. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



321 



Payne, George, on Reparation of 
Rochester Castle, by, 177; Re- 
searches and Discoveries in 
Kent, lxv — lxxii ; resignation of 
the it on. Secretaryship, xlii ; John. 
107; William, 11 'J. 

Payne Smith, Dean of Canterbury, 
Donor of Church Plate, 269, 270. 

Peacock, Edward (goldsmith), mark 
of, 289. 

Pearman, Rev. A. J., Notes on 
Bethersden, 201. 

Pearson, Richard, 214 ; William, Vicar 
of Thanington, Donor of Church 
Plate, 300. 

Peckham, East. Sir William Twisden, 
Bart., of. 56; Little, 67, 69. 93; 
Reginald, 31. 

Peerce, Agnes, 230 ; Joan, 230. 

Pegge, S., on Font at Burnham Deep- 
dale, 258. 

Peion, William, 131—135. 

Pekham, James de, 94. 

Pembury , Extracts from Parish Regis- 
ters of, relating to family of 
Selby, 36. 

Peniston, John, 127. 

Perm, Samuel, 254. 

Pennant, M.P. for Romney, 60. 

Penshurst (place), doors in Great 
Hall at, 6. 

Penson, Mr., 216 ; Richard, 216. 

Peper, William, Vicar of Shorne, 
199. 

Percier, William, Rector of Ripple. 
238. 

Peris, Margery, 170. 

Perkins, Christopher, 250, 254. 

Perring, John, M.P. for Hythe, 60. 

Perth. St. William of, 97 note. 

Peterborough, Henry, 2nd Earl of, 
205. 

Pessake, Thomas, 128. 

Pette, William, 276. 

Pettit, Andrew, 216. 

Pevensey, 303. 

Philcocks, George, Hugh, 107. 

Philpot, Charles, Rector of Ripple, 
244 ; Rebecca, 236. 

Picard, V., 285. 

Pickwick Marshes (near Cobham). 
123. 

Piers, Robert, 203 ; Thomas. 203 ; 
William, M.P. for Romney, 49. 

Plomer, John, M.P. for Romney, 
53. 

Plot, Dr., 140. 

Pluckley Church, inscription to Re- 
becca Moone in, 205. 

Pokelington, 144. 

VOL. XXVII. 



Pole, Cardinal. Donor of Church 

Plate to Chrisl Church, 
I'olryii. Eenry, L68, 169 ; John. 169. 
Poore. John, l "'■'•. 
Porter, John. 134 ; William. 15. 
Portsmouth, Governor of, 55. 
Potayn. William, 1 7l'. 
Pothed, John. 95. 
Potterne (Wilts), 206. 
Pottery, Prehistoric, from the Maid- 
stone District. Ixxvi — lxxviii. 
Powell, Mr. C. W., J.P., elected Hon. 

Treasurer, xliii. 
Prebbill. Stephen, William, 171 — 173; 

Mrs., 124— 126. 
Predham, Andrew, 129. 
Prentis, Walter, Roman Coin from 

the Collection of, lxxi. 
Preste, Walter, 134. 
Priest, John, Vicar of Cobham, 72. 
Proceedings, Abstract of, K. A. S., 

1904-5, xli. 
Propecham, Richard, 169. 
Prynse, John, Kill. 
Pullman, John, 216. 
Purs, John, 168. 
Purse, Thomas, 170. 
Pykeworth Marsh (Pickwick), 93, 95, 

123. 



R 



Radnor, Earl of, 60. 

Radwell. Beds, 206. 

Rail, Richard, Vicar of Cobham, 77. 

Rainey, Susanna. 31. 

Rainham (Kent), 93, 94 ; (Essex), 

92. 
Ram, Robert le, 93. 
Ramsay, Thomas, 231. 
Ramsgate, 247. 
Rand, Nordash, Patron of Ripple, 

241, 246 ; Ursula. 241. 216. 
Randall, Thomas, M.P. for Romney, 

51. 
Randolfe, Mr., 87. 
Randolph, William, Jane, 203. 
Rauds, Richard, Vicar of Bethersden, 

205. 
Rawlins and Sumner (goldsmiths), 

mark of, 272. 
Rawlinson, Canon George, Donor of 

Church Plate, 272. 
Ray. Matthew, 249, 250. 254. 
Reatt, Elizabeth, 201. 
Rectors of Ripple, List of. by Rev. 

H. L. Beardmore, M.A., 23 7. 
Rede, William. 172. 
Redesdale. William Mitford, Baron, 

60. 



322 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Redlyngg, Sir William de. Rector of j 

Plucklev. 2(i7. 
Redyn. 132. 
Remyngton, Sir Robert, M.P. for 

Romney, 53. 
Renham, set Rainham. 
Rennolls. John. 250. 
Report. Annual, 1904, xlv. 
Reynold. Robert, 134. 
Reve. Edward. 175. 
Richardson. Walter. 115. 
Riley, .Mr.. 15. 
Ripple Church. 239—246 ; Chalice, 

239 : Court. 240, 241, 214. 247 : 

L-st of the Rectors of, by Rev. 
H. L. Beardmore, M.A., 237 
254 ; Rectory. 242. 244. 245. 

Roalf. Robert, 168. 

Roberts. A. E., 206. 

Robertsbridge, 194. 

Robyn. John. 132. 

Rochester, 69, 84, 90, 98. 99, 101 : 
William Whittlesea, Bishop of, 64. 
65 : Bishops of, 65, 66, 70, 73. 102, 
104, 105, 106, 132, 238 : Bridge, 
52, 81, 97. 110, 114; Wardens of. 

79, 82, 87; Castle, Reparation 
of, by George Payne, 177, 192; 
Cathedral, 97, 116, 117; Dean and 
Chapter of, 124, 199 ; Discoveries 
at. by Mr. G. Payne, lxvi — lxx ; 
Kind's College of, 128 ; M.P. for, 
46; Scott Family, M.Ps. for. 52; 
St. William's Chapel and Hospital 
at, 97 ; Walter de Merton. Bishop 
of. 115. 19S. 

Rockingham. Earl of, 57. 

Rockwell, John, 90. 

Roger. John. M.P. for Romney. 
47. ' 

Rogers. David. 95 ; Dr. Richard, Dean 
of Canterbury, 265 ; John. 102 ; 
William. Rector of Ripple. 24:;. 

];<>L r ^3 T er. Hugh, M.P. for Romney. 
15. 

Rokyslee, Thomas, M.P. for Romney, 
Master of St. John's House, I 7. 

Rolf, Robert, 170. 

Rolvenden, 66, 69, 204 ; church. 65 ; 
Parsonage of, 68, 95. 

Romney, 18, 51, 52, 206 : Bailiff of, 
7. 10; Barons of, in Parliament, 
by John Stokes, 44 ; Marsh, 50, 
58, 67 : Old, 46 : Passion Play at, 
51 : Old Church of, xlviii ; An- 
nual Meeting at. (1904), xliv— li; 
Ti mporary Museum ai | 190 1 I, 
xlvii : Church of Bt. Nicholas, 
xlvii : Richard Ingrain, Vicar of, 
53; Robert Neele, Vicar of, 54; 



St. John's House in. 47 ; St. Nicho- 
las Church. Parsonage, and Lepers' 
Hospital in, l">. 
I [ill, 58. 

ram alias Scott. Rector of Rip- 
ple, 239. 

Roundal Manor in Shorne, 199. 

Roundstreet. Cobhain. 130. 

Routledge. Rev. Canon, Obituary 
Notice of, lxiii. 

Row, Sir John. Knt., 228. 

Rowe, Roger. 132. 

Rowgh. John, 135. 

Rowley, 202. 

Rowmarsh in Hon. 94. 

Ruffe, William. 130. 

Rufford Hall (Lanes). Louvre at. 1 1 ; 
fireplace at. 11. 

Rugge, Thomas, 132. 

Rushbourne. 222. 

Russe. William. 96, 101, 104. 

RusselL Kichard, 90. 

Rutland. Thomas. 130. 

Ryche, Nicholas. 174, 175. 

Rye. John Atwood, M.P. for. 15 ; 
Mayor of. 16. 



St. Alban's Abbey, representations of 

month labours at. 257. 
St. Alphege, Canterbury, Inventory 

of Church Plate, 274.' 
St. Andrew's. Canterbury. Inventory 

of Church Plate. 275. 
St. Andrew's, Holborn, Extracts from 

Parish Registers of, relating to 

family of Selby. 36. 
St. Andrew's, Bochester, Prior and 

community of, 199. 
St. Asaph, Bishop of. 98. 
St. Augustine's Abbey. Canterbury. 

K. A. S. grant for excavations at, 

xlvi. 
St. Augustine's, Canterbury. W. 

Coppy, Annuitant of. 53 ; Canons 

of the Order of. xlviii — li. 
St. Bride's, Fleet Street, Extracts from 

Parish Registers of, relating to 

family of Selby, :'><;. 
SS. Cosmus and Damian, Rlean, In- 
ventory of Church Plate, 294. 
St. George the Martyr, Canterbury, 

Inventory of church Plate. l'7s. 
St. Grcrorv. Canterbury, Inventory 

of Church Plate, 279,280. 
Bt. James's Palace Chapel (London), 

mark^ on plate in. 27 1. 
St. John's House in Romney, 47. 
St. John's in Thanet, 216. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



323 



St. Katherine's Chapel. Shorne, 198, 

200. 
St. Laurence Church, Romney, 49, 

51. 
St. Leger, Anthony of Ulcombe, lessee 

of the site of Bilsington Priory, 

xlix ; John, M.P. for Romney, -19. 
St. Margaret-at-Cliffe, 214. 
St. Margaret's, Canterbury, Inventory 

of Church Plate, 283, 284. 
St. Margaret's, Rochester, lands in, 

96, 97 note ; St. William's Chapel 

in, 97 note. 
St. Martin's. Canterbury, Inventory 

of Church' Plate. 283, 284. 
St. Martin's Church, Romney, 51. 
St. Mary-at-Hill (London), Extracts 

from Parish Registers of, relating 

to family of Selby, 35. 
St. Mary Bredin, Canterbury, Inven- 
tory of Church Plate, 284. 285. 
St. Mary Breduian, Canterbury, 55 ; 

Inventory of Church Plate, 285, 286. 
St. Mary. Pordwich, Inventory of 

Church Plate, 295. 
St. Mary Grace (London), Abbey of, 

112. 
St. Mary's, IIoo, 69. 
St. Mary Magdalene, Canterbury, 

Inventory of Church Plate, 286, 287. 
St. Mary Magdalene, Cobham, 78. 
St. Mary, Xackington, Inventory of 

Church Plate of, 297. 
St. Mary, Northgate, Inventory of 

Church Plate of, 287. 
St. Mary's College, Cobham, 71. 
St. Michael, Chapel of , in Canterbury 

Cathedral, Church Plate. 203. 
St. Michael, Harbledown, Inventory 

of Church Plate, 293. 
St. Mildred's, Canterbury. Inventory 

of Church Plate of, 288, 289. 
St. Nicholas' Chapel in Westminster, 

210. 
St. Nicholas' Church, Romney, 50 — 52; 

Presentations to, 55, 56 ; Repairs of, 

57. 
St. Nicholas. Milton, next Canterbury, 

Inventory of Church Plate of, 297. 
St. Nicholas, Sturry, Inventory of 

Church Plate of. 299. 
St. Paul's, Canterbury, Inventory of 

Church Plate of, 290. 
St. Peter's, Canterbury, Inventory of 

Church Plate of, 291. 
St. Saviour's, Bermondsey, Prior and 

Convent of, 64, 73, 77, 99, 198. 
St. Stephen's, Canterbury. Inventory 

of Church Plate, 298. 
St. Vedast, London, Thomas Scott, 

Rector of, 238. 



St. Werburgh, Hon. 67. 

St. William of Perth, Chapel of, in 
Rochester, 97 note. 

Salerne. John, MP. for Romney, 
Eastings, Rye, Wmchelsea, 16, 17. 

Salman, John, 169 — l i 2. 

Salmon, John. 89. 

S;tlmonsdeane, 128. 

Sandell, Thomas, 175. 

Sandwich, 51,213; gates of , by Rev. 
B. Austen, lv ; M.P. for, 16, 53; 
Mayor of. 304. 

Sant, John. 220. 

Sarum, Old, Sir Thomas Brette, M.P. 
for, 54. 

Savage, Bishop Thomas, 116; Colonel, 
192 ;' Richard, 72. 

Sawer, John, 224. 

Sawyer, Robert, 21 I. 

Sayer, Robert, 21 ii ; Stephen, 217. 

Scaler's Hill, see Skarlettes. 

Scalers, see SkarL I 

Schultz, Robert Weir, 193. 

Scoales, Henry, 129; William. 129. 

Scott. Family. M.P.'s for Hythe, Hast- 
ings, Maidstone. Canterbury. Roches- 
ter, 52 ; Mr. J. Oldrid. F.S.A., on 
Rrookland Church, xlviii ; Ightham 
Mote, 2, 14, 15, 16 ; Reginald, M.P. 
for Romney, 52 ; Sir John, Warden 
of Cinque Ports, 52 ; Thomas. M.P. 
for Romney, 60 ; Rector of Ripple, 
238 ; Provost of Win-ham. 238. 

Scott Robertson, Canon W. A., on 
leaden font at Brookland, 256. 

Scranton, Elizabeth, Donor of Church 
Plate, 277. 

Scras (Scrase), Robert, M.P. for Rom- 
ney, 49, 50. 

Scratton, John, 103. 

Seaford, M.P. for, 59. 

Seasalter, 218 ; M.P. for, 59 ; Church 
of, 213, 215, 216, 220, 227; Com- 
munion Cup, 214 ; Presentments in 
the Archdeacon's Court, 213. 

Sedley, Sir Charles, M.P. for Romney, 
55 56. 

Sefrod, William, M.P. for Romney, 
46. 

Selby, of Ighthain Mote, Pedi- 
gree of, by T. C. Colyer-Fergus- 
SOn, 30; arms of, 18, 19: M 
General C. E. Luard, on Ightham 
Mote, 2 (2), 17 (2), 19, 20, 28 ; Mr. 
Prideaux John, 32 ; Rev. Charles 
Pridge, 32 ; Sir Henry, 32 ; Sir 
John, 30; Sir William. 30: Ann. 

31 : Dorothy, 31, 32 ; Elizabeth, 31, 
32; Francis, 31; George, 3d. 31. 

32 ; Henry, 30, 31 ; Jane, 31 ; John, 



321 



GENERAL INDEX. 



30, 31, 32 ; Katherine, 31 ; Mary. 

31 ; Ralph, 30, 31 : Susanna. :S1 : 

Thomas, 31, 32 ; William, 30, 31. 
Selhurst, Humphrey, 223. 
Selling, 216, 237. 
Sellynger (St. Leger), John, M.P. for 

Romney. 49. 
Septwannz (Septvans), William de, 

Sheriff of Kent, 94. 
Sevenoaks' Church, Extracts from 

Parish Registers relating to family 

of Selby, 36. 
Sharpe. James, 203 ; John, 202, 204 ; 

Mr. Barling, 204 ; Stephen, 203 ; 

Thomas. 176 ; William, 201—204. 
Shaw. Mr. Norman, Alterations at 

Ightham Mote by. 6. 
Sheafe, Richard, 254 ; Thomas, 254. 
Sheather, John. 17(1. 
Sheldwich Church, monument to 

Lord Sondes in. 57. 
Shelley, Sir John, Keeper of the 

Public Records in the Tower, 137 ; 

William. 171. 
Shepey, Bishop John de, 116. 
Sherlond Marsh, 95. 
Sherte, Brice, M.P. for Romney, 

47. 
Shipway Court, Proceedings of, 303 

and note. 
Shorne, 67, 69, 82, 84, 85, 93; 

Ancient Tiinoer-f rained House 

at, by George M. Arnold, 193; 

Church, IDS, 199 ; Heriotsmarsh 

in, 95 ; Manor of, 67 ; Old Vicarage 

at. 197 ; Rectory of, 199 ; Vicar of, 

88. 
Shreiber, Mr., of Woodchurch, 204. 
Shrewsbury. Gilbert, Earl of, 268. 
Shuldham (Chuldham), William, 66 ; 

Master of Cobham College, 75. 
Shymyng. Thomas. 96, 97. 
Sinclair. Admiral Sir John Gordon, 

247 ; Hon. .Mrs. Pelham, 247 ; Sir 

Robert, Bart., 245, 246; Madeline, 

246. 
Simon of Dover [Decarmi) s 305. 
Simons. Mr.. 219, 220. 
Skarlettes in Cobham, LOO, 101. 
•Sleeper. William. 133. 
Skolee, Ralph, L30. 
Skone, Edward, Thomas, 175 ; Grace, 

Joan, Mary. 176. 
Skynner, I (avid. 85. 

r. William. 131. 
Small, Sophia, Donor of Church Plate, 

269. 

man, Mr.. 199. 
Iley, George, L07, 130; William, 

100. 
Smeeth, Scott's Hall in, 52. 



Smith, Andrew. 223 ; John, 59, 223, 
224 : Mr. H. L.. on Leaden font at 
Brookland, 256. 257 ; Rev. A. F., 
Vicar of Bethersden, 204 ; Richard, 
251 : Street, Shorne, Ancient tim- 
bered house at, 197 ; William, 
22... 
Smitherland in Snave, 203. 
Smithsby, James, 289. 
Smyth, Henry. 134 ; Joan, 172 ; John, 
128; Richard, 250; Thomas, 134 ; 
M.P. for Romney, 49. 
Snedell, Nicholas, 127. 
Soar, Old Domestic Cbapel at, 5 note. 
Sole, Henry, 170. 171 ; William. 170, 
171 ; Street, Cobham, 102. L03, 104, 
129, 130, 194. 
Somer, Thomas, 175. 
Somers, John, 127. 
Sondes, Lord, M.P. for Canterbury, 

57. 
Soole, Henry, William, 170. 
Southerne, Hugh, of Rochester. 84. 
Southfleet, Manor of. 199. 
Southland, William, gent., of Hope 

near Romney, 52. 
Sowth, Richard, Prebendary of Cob- 
ham, 117. 
Speke Hall, Lane. Ladies' bower at, 

11. 
Spererooffe, John. 22:<. 
Sperwe (Spurway), Thomas, M.P. for 

Romney. 48. 
Spicer. John. 167. 168. 
Spinola, Benedict, 80. 
Spracklin^e. Esaie, 230—232 ; Mary 

(will of), Millicent, 231. 
Sprever. Richard, 121; Rohert, 129. 
131, 134 : William. 121. 131, 132, 
134. 
Sprevers. 122. 
Sprott. John. Chaplain of Chantry in 

Cobham Church. 78. 
Sprotte, see Sprottle. 
Sprottle, John. Master of Cobham 

College. 76. 
Spryver, Robert. 101, 104, 105, 107. 
Stace, Christopher. 88; Henry, 131, 
132 : John, 96, KM ; Reginald, 134; 
Robert. 134 : Walter, 104. 
Stacey, Richard. 104. 
Strahaii. Andrew, M.P. for Romney, 

60. 
Standley (Stanley), Valentine, 247, 

248; William, ill. 
Stanevweye, John de, Rector of Rip- 
ple, 237. 
Stanhope, Earl, Obituary Notice of, 

lxi. 
Stanlake, Edward de, Vicar of Cob- 
ham, 77. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



325 



Stanley, Elizabeth, 241 ; John, 249, 
250, 254 ; Stephen, 241, 249 ; Wil- 
liam, Hector of Ripple, 240. 

Scanpete (Sheppey), Manor of, 93. 

Stanwigg, John de, Vicar of Cobham. 
76. 

Staplehurst, 17.'!. 

Staples, Edward, 249 ; James, of 
Henhurst, 112; John, 111; Mr., 
124. 

Statham, Rev. S. P. H., on Dover 
Charters. 303. 

Stede Hill, 208. 

Stede, Robert, Joan his wife, 203. 

Sterborough, Lord Cobham of, 64. 

Stevens, Misses, 72, 75, 111, 112. 

Stevenson, N. B., 245. 

Stither, Nicholas, 2U2. 

Stockes, Martin, 227. 

Stockley, Col. G. W., of West Mailing, 
H01. 

Stodham, Richard, 168. 

Stoggard's land, Bethersden, 202. 

Stoke, 69. 

Stokepenny (see Stuppenny). 50. 

Stokes, John, Paper on Barons of 
New Romney in Parliament, 
44, 107 ; Rev., Vicar of Cobham, 
72. 

Stone, Thomas, 175. 

Stone, near Dartford, Discovery of 
Romano - British interments at, 
lxxix, lxxx. 

Stonemarsh in Hoo, 94. 

Stothard, Richard, M.P. for Romney, 
49. 

Stouting, Manor of, 212. 

Strode (Strood), 93, 128; Margaret. 
32. 

Strood, C9, 82, 133. 

Stupenny, Clement, 50 ; Richard, 
M.P. for Romney, 50, 51. 

Sturry, St. Nicholas, Inventory of 
Church Plate, 299. 

Sudbury, M.P. for, 59. 

Sulivan, Richard Joseph, M.P. for 
Romney, 59. 

Surrenden, 140, 146 ; Library at, 1 10, 
303 ; Sir Edward Dering of, 58, 60, 
61 ; John de, 207. 

Sussex. M.P. for, 58. 

Sutton, 140, 142, 144, 148, 150 ; Simon 
of. Richard his son, 116; Sir Robert 
Austen of, 57. 

Sutton Vallence, 111. 

Swalecliffe, 223 ; Church, 218, 219, 
220 ; Communion Cup, 219 ; Pre- 
sentments in the Archdeacon's 
Court. 2 IS. 

Swann, William, 131, 132. 

Swanpole Marsh in Shorne, 93, 95. 



Swarton, Simon, 213. 

Swayne, Alioia, of Borton Kiri.y. 77 ; 
William. 85. 

osse in < ohhamburv Manor, 
130. 

Swinbonrne, Thomas, 211. 

Sydley, John. 102. 

Symon, William. 221. 

Symson, Andrew, Vicar of Bethers- 
den, 207. 



Tadlowe, George, M.P. for Guildford, 
51 ; sir William, M.P. lor Romney, 

Talbot, John, M.P. for Romney, 17 ; 
Lady Alethea, 268. 

Tanbridge, Richard. 12'.'. 

Tancock, Rev. Dr.. Member of Coun- 
cil, xli. 

Tanner, Bishop, 76; Matthew, 221 ; 
William, liii ; Master of Cobham 
College, 75. 77 ; chaplain of Chan- 
try in Cobham Church. 77. 

Tapps, George William. .M.P. for 
Romney, 6 1 . 

Tawstock. Devon, 2<i2. 

Taylor, Henry, F.S.A., on Igh- 
tham Mote House, l— 30. 

Teboldeshall. 170. 

Temple Church, Extracts from Parish 

Registers of, relating to family of 

Selby, 36. 
Templers Land, 131. 
Tennard, Stephen, 70. 
Tenterden, 57. 194 ; Taywell in, 5.'!. 
Terry, William, 112. 
Thane t, St. John's Church in, 216; 

St. Peter's in, 52. 
Thanington. St. Nicholas, Inventory 

of Church Plate, 299. 
Thirsk, J. Gibson, M.P. for. 51. 
Thompson. Nicholas. 172. 
Thomas, Mr.. 221 ; William, Vicar of 

Bethersden. 205. 
Thonge, 100, 101, 104 ; Manor in 

Shorne, 199. 
Thorneham (Thurnham), 67. 68. 
Thorpe, Dr., President of Cobham 

College, 82. 92 ; on Cobham Col- 
lege, 74. 82 : William. 128. 
Throwley, 139. 1 In. 
Thurbarne, James, M.P. for Romney, 

53 ; John, M.P. for Sandwich. .".:> ; 

Robert, M.P. for Romney, 52. 
Thurrock, 87 : West, 87. 
Thurston. John, 66 ; Sir John. 77. 
Tiece. James, M.P. for Romney, 46 — 

48 ; John, M.P. for Romney. I",. 



326 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Tilbury (Essex), Church of. appro- 
priated to Cobham College of, 77 ; 
East, Rectory of, 95. 

Timbury. Sir Philip, 211. 

Tillard, J.. Donor of Church Plate. 
295. ' 

Tilman, Christopher, 216. 

Tilmanstone. 239. 

Toffel, Peter, 168; William. 167. 

Toffelde. see Tovil. 

Toke. Nicholas Roundell, Ellen Maria, 
202. 

Tol 1 y ngtrowgh , 1 3 2 . 

Tonman. William. Rector of Ripple, 
238. 

Tovill, 167. 

Trefnant, 245. 

Trespyn, Laurence, 134. 

Trevor, Arthur, M.P. for Romney, 61. 

Triage. Rev.. Minister of Cobham. 90. 

Trindell Hill, 115. 

Tristram. Dr.. on the West Mailing 
Flagon, 301. 

Trottescliffe, G6. 

Trottesham. 130. 

Try vet, Dame Elizabeth, tomb of, in 
Canterbury Cathedral. 210 — 212 ; 
.-Sir Thomas, 210, 211. 

Tuder (Tudor), John, M.P. for Rom- 
ney, 50. 

Tufton, Lady Catherine, 57. 

Tunbridge. i'riory of Black Canons 
at, li ; Richard. 130. 

Tunbridge Wells. 206. 

Tunnoke. Richard, 134. 

Turnar. Richard. 169. 

Turner.' Mr.. 226 ; .Mrs.. 202. 

Turvey (Beds), Richard Rands, Rector 
of, 205. 

Twendle Hill. 127. 

Twisden. Sir Roger, 54, 56 : Sir Wil- 
liam, M.P. for Romney. 56. 

Twizdale, 127. 

Tyece. James, M.P. for Romney, 47 ; 
William, 46. 

Tylthe. John, 168, 170. 



U 



Dlcombe, 19. 

Ufford, F. C. Brooke of, 7 1 . 

Dnderdown, Edward, Master of Cob- 
ham College, 7i>. 

Underdown. 

Upchurch, 69, 93, 94. 

Upchurch Marshes, Roman and 
Bfediaeval Pottery from, lxx. 

[Jeher, Jacob, 202; Elobert, Warden 
of Cobham College, 123. 
:. Thomas, 122. 



Varney (Verney), Sir Edmund, M.P. 

for Romney, 53. 
Venice, Sculptured signs of the 

months in the Ducal Palace at, 

25 7. 
Vidgeon, John. 90. 
Vine Hall Farm. Bethersden, 202, 

204. 
Vinoll, Bobert, 202. 
Visitations of the Archdeacon of 

Canterbury, by Arthur Hussey, 

2 1 3—229. 
Vyance (or Viance) farm, 120. 
Vyandes. Manor of, in Cobham, 110. 

118, 119, 122; Robert, 120. 
Vyaund, Robert, 120. 
Vyaundys. ace Vyandes. 
Vyneter, Robert, 167. 



W 



Wade, Bobert, 95. 

Wadden, Great, Little, 202. 

Waight. Richard. 227. 

Wake, Archbishop, 241. 

Wakefeld, Richard, 135. 

Wakkeleyn. Roger, 131. 

Walden, Lady. 68. 

Waldershare, Robert Furnese of, 57. 

Wall'ord, Elizabeth. 32. 

Walkeler. Henry, Roger, 134. 

Walkeley, Roger, 132. 

Walker, J., 285 ; Thomas, 134. 

Waller, Mr. J. G., 66; on brasses in 
Cobham Church. 74 ; on Restora- 
tion of Cobham Church, 75. 

Walmer. 239. 240, 241, 247. 

Walter. John, 133. 

Warburton, Somerset Herald, 140. 

Wareham, M.P. for, 60. 

Warham, Archbishop, Church Plate 
in Chantry of, 263. 

Warmestone, Thomas, of Romney, 
49. 

Warner, William, 128. 

Warren, Mr. William, 247. 

Warwick, Philip, M.P. for Romney, 
54. 

Waryn, John, 134. 

Waterman. John. 207. 

Watling Street. LOO. 

Watson, Edward. M.P. for Romney, 
57. 

Watton, William, 127 ; Thomas. 
128. 

Waucli >pe, Elobert, 74. 

Weaver. Kev. F. W., 211, 212. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



327 



Webb, Thomas, M.P. for Romnev, 
54. 

Webbe, Roger, 170. 

Webster, Thomas, 70. 

Welby, Robert. 291. 

Wellard, John. 92. 

Wells, Thomas, 121 ; Lay Rector of 
Cobham. 75. 

Wenlook Cbapel in Luton Church. 
239. 

Wermyston (Warmestone), William. 
M.P. for Romney, 49. 

Werry or Berry, John, Vicar of Cob- 
ham. 76. 

Westbere, Church, 221, 222; Com- 
munion Cup, 222; Rectory, 221, 
222 ; Presentments in the Arch- 
deacon's Court, 221, 222. 

Westmoreland, Earl of, 58, 87 ; see 
also Dashwood. 

Weston, Elizabeth, 3] ; Peter de, 205 : 
Philip, Donor of Church Plate. 270. 

Westwell, 202 — 204 ; Church, inscrip- 
tion to John Sharpe in, 204. 

Westwood in Lesnes, Priory of Black 
Canons at, li. 

Wetenhall, Charles, Donor of Church 
Plate. 275. 

Wey bridge, 245. 

Weymouth. M.P. for, 59. 

Wexford, M.P. for, 61. 

Wharfe. William, 70. 

Whigley, James. 92. 

Whigton, John, 227. 

Winston, Jonathan, Vicar of Bethers- 
den, 206 : Rev. Robert, of Roches- 
ter, 70 ; Aphra, 206. 

White, Zelous, 88. 

Whitehall, London, kitchen at, 239 ; 
Treasury, 148—150. 

Whiter, John. 227. 

Whitfield, Walter, M.P. for Romney, 
57. 

Whitlok, John, Rector of Ripple, 237, 
238. 

Whitstable, 214, 21 5, 216,219; Church, 
213,215,223—229 ; Parsonage, 223, 
228, 229. 

Whittlebury House, Arthur Trevor 
of, 61. 

Whittlesea, William de, Bishop of 
Rochester, 64. 

Whytlok, Joan, 170. 

Wielding, Leaden Font at. 255. 

Wickham, 147. 

Wikham, John, 134. 

Wilcocks, Edward, M.P. for Romney, 
52 ; Robert, M.P. for Romney. 53 ; 
William, M.P. for Romney, 52. 

Wilkes, Finch. 249, 250, 254 ; Walter, 
250, 254. 



Wilkie, Rev. C. II.. elected M< mber 
of Council, xlvi. 

Wilkins, John, 22::. 226. 

Wilkyns, Henry. 134. 

Willesb rough, 201. 

Willet, John 95. 

William, Master of Cobham College, 
75 : Peter, 167. 

Williams, James, 106 : John, I 
of Hippie, 243. 

Williamson, sir Joseph, of Cobham 
Hall, 88, 91. 113 ; Arms of. 75. 

Willoughby, sir John, 22!). 

Wilmington, 52. 

Wimpole Church. 211. 

Winchelsea, Bailiff of, 304; M.Ps. 
for. 46, .">:i. :,|. .",;. 58 ; Archbishop, 
Chalice of, at Canterbury. 263. 

Wincett Hill, 121. 

Winchester. John. Deborah his daugh- 
ter. 58 

Windham, William, M.P. for Romney. 
59. 

VVindegate Hill. 127. 

Wingham. 239 ; Provost of, 2:'.- ; 
Church, Chalice left to. 239. 

Witherden, George, 208. 

Whvord, Clerk, 120. 

Wlykhous, Henry, 112. 

Wodde, Laurence, 134. 

Wodeare, Edward. John, 96. 

Woldeham. Dionisia, 170; John. 168, 
169. 

Wombwell, Thomas, L30. 

Womble, Samson. 131. 

Woodchurch, 202- 204. 

W r oodruff, Rev. C. E., Acting Hon. 
Secretary, xlii ; on St. .Mary's in the 
Marsh, xlviii ; on Church Plate of 

the Cathedral and Rural Dean- 
ery of Canterbury, 260—300. 

Woodruff, Mr. C. H.. on Bilsington 
Priory, xlviii — li ; Obituary Notice 
of, lxii. 

Woolrich. Thomas, Vicar of Whit- 
stable 229 

Wootton. Kent. 246 ; Mr., 213 ; Wil- 
liam, 288. 

Worcester, William de Whittle-,:!. 
Bishop of, 64. 

Worcestershire. 237. 

Wouldham, 127. 

Wraye. John, 223. 

Wreght, Thomas, 131. 

Wren, Robert, Ann, 227. 

Wrey, Bourchier, Rev. Henry, of 
Tawstock, Devon, 202. 

Wright, George, 102; John. 134; 
Nicholas. i:;i : Thomas. 111. 12!'. 

Wriothesley, Thomas. 111. 

Wrotham. 85. 



328 



GENERAL INDEX. 



Wyande, Robert. 120. 

Wvllvams. Richard. M.l'. for Romney. 

52. 
Wylmyngrton, Bertrande, 207. 
Wyng, Rutland, Rectory, 238. 
Wyt. Henry. Rector of Ripple, 238. 
Wynne, Thomas, 285. 
Wytsand. 305. 



Yantlet (tee Yenlade). 120. 
Yarmouth. Great, Bailiff of. 46. 
Yarmouth. Commissioner to, 

M .P. for, 46. 
Venlade (Yantlet) Creek, 12U 
Yeresley, John. 1^2. 134. 
Vnn. John, M.P. for Romney. 17. 
Yonge, Gylberte, 101. 



53 



York. Henry, Rector of Ripple. Eliza- 
beth. 24l': Philip, 212; .Minster, 
tomb of Thomas Scott at. 2:;'.'. 

Youens, Mr. E. C, Notes on 
Roman Kiln at Galley Hill, 
Swanscombe, lxxiii, Ixxiv; on 
Romano-British interments at 
Stone, lxxix. lxxx. 

Youn<*. I'.artholomew, 175 ; Gilbert, 
107,120; Guy, 175; Richard. 174. 
175; Solomon, 175; Thomas. 173. 
1 75. 

Ypres. Roof of Cloth Hall at, 9 note. 



Zodiac, siirns of, on the Brookland 

Font. 257. 260. 
Zole, Henry Atte, 170. 



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