ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 3 1833 01328 8458 Archibald Dale Mason Born at Snow Hill, Maryland, February 23, 1786. Moved to Pittsburgh, 1806. Died in that City, November 9, 1859. From a miniature in possession of H. L. Mason, Jr. Archibald Dale Mason His Life, Ancestry and Descendants Collected and Edited by HARRISON D. MASON Privately Printed Pittsburgh, Pa. 1921 Edition limited to 200 copies printed from type. For private distribution. Copyright, 1921, By Harrison D. Mason 1Q22528 FOREWORD In the year 1892 the descendants of Archibald Dale Mason published a brief family memorial, with a genealogy as complete as could then be produced. In the quarter- century which has elapsed since the publication of that little book, some additional data has been gathered, and as many changes have taken place among the descendants during the interval, we feel warranted in publishing a somewhat more comprehensive work, that the facts may be preserved. Since 1806, when Archibald Dale Mason came to Pittsburgh from Snow Hill, Maryland (an eager, impulsive young man of twenty, seeking his fortune on the wild western frontier), our family has been closely identified with the city. The majority of its members have continued to live in Allegheny County. Between the years 1806 and 1859, Archibald Mason saw the city grow from a rude frontier post to the great iron and glass manufacturing center of America. He saw the Indian canoe, and the keel-boat which succeeded it, disappear from the Ohio. He worked as a carpenter on the first steamboat launched west of the Allegheny Mountains — the New Orleans, in 1811. Associated with the firm of Mason and Dilworth, he built the Pittsburgh courthouse, later destroyed by fire. On April 10, 1845, he saw the business portion of the city burned to the ground, in what was long known locally as the "Great Fire." In his old age he saw the streets alight with bonfires, during the cholera epidemic of 1854. He saw the first canal boat enter Pitts- burgh, and the first railway train. The period during which he lived was one of stupendous development, and in every iv FOREWORD movement for the advancement of his w^ell-beloved city he was a factor — an active, true-hearted, representative man. Our family has done its share in the smelting and shaping of Pittsburgh's iron and steel, in the building of its high- ways and bridges, in the operation of its railways, and in the management of its schools. For sixty years, H. Lee Mason sold the city most of the books it read, and the name of his firm (J. R. Weldin & Co.) has grown to be a syn- onym for good, clean literature. His son, H. Lee Mason, Jr., still conducts the business near the original location, in Wood Street. Harrison D. Mason was for many years an official of the Allegheny Valley Railway Company here, and one of his sons, Dean K. Mason, was on the corps of engi- neers that ran the line for the Wabash Railroad bridge and tunnel, at the Monongahela River crossing into the city. One of the family has written of the city in verse : Have you seen my city with its fairy lamps aglow, The many-storied structures all agleam; Standing as a glory in the valley far below — The voiceless, shining city of a dream? Have you seen my city from the ebon hills afar, Strange lanes of light aglimmer, silent there? Aglow beside the rivers where toiling thousands are, The vision of Aurora — and as fair. Have you seen my city when the rolling smoke is gone, The shadows of its forges taken flight? In the sky a beacon, a flush as of the dawn — My city stands there smiling in the night. There are strange suggestions in the lights that wax and wane. The vision of a thinker and a plan ; One traces there the working of a mighty heart and brain — The city of a dream becomes a man. FOREWORD There is more than beauty in the fairy lamps aglow, When midnight sky and ebon hills have met; There is a mighty spirit my love has come to know — And lo ! the figure there in silhouette ! Often in the darkness when the drifting smoke is gone, The forges and the furnaces alight, I see a rugged giant aglow as of the dawn — My Pittsburgh stands there smiling in the night. ARCHIBALD DALE MASON His Life, Ancestry, and Descendants During the past quarter-century the descendants of Archi- bald Dale Mason, of Pittsburgh, have been endeavoring to learn something of their ancestry; but, like many other Americans, they have found the task difficult. When the tide of emigration set in toward the great West about a century ago, the strong, active young men along the seaboard of our country followed the stream across the Allegheny Mountains into the wilderness between the Ohio River and the Great Lakes. Our ancestor whose name heads this sketch was one of these. Like many others, he became sepa- rated from all his family connections in the East (communi- cation across the mountain range being slow and difficult), and, like many others, he brought with him none of the family books or belongings that might have thrown light on his ancestry. Many an ancestral thread was broken in this great human exodus into the Ohio Valley, and after the lapse of a century it has become difficult to join the severed strands. Born in the village of Snow Hill, Maryland, February 23, 1786, Archibald Mason doubtless found little in his native place to appeal to his adventurous spirit; but he grew to early manhood there, dreaming often of the great West. The narrative of the Homeric journey of Lewis and Clark left a deep impression on his mind. He came of English ancestry, and from all we can learn his father's Christian 1 2 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON name was Arthur. We know his father served in the War of the Revolution. The canteen he carried as a soldier was long preserved in the family. Harrison Mason's wife, Caro- line Denning, often saw it, and described it from memory. She wrote of it as follows, in a narrative which is now in the possession of her son: "I remember having seen the canteen carried by Great- grandfather Mason during his service as a soldier in the Revolutionary War. At the time of my marriage, September 11, 1845, Great-grandfather Mason was dead; but the can- teen was still in the possession of the family, and Archibald Dale Mason, his son, told me its history. It was preserved at the family home. West Street, Pittsburgh, for years after I entered the family, and was finally thrown away as worth- less, or lost when the family was moving. It was composed of wood, covered with leather, had long leather straps at- tached to it, and had the name "A. Mason" in yellow letters on it. I do not remember of ever hearing Great-grandfather Mason's Christian name. Have often heard Archibald Dale Mason speak of his father's Revolutionary War record." Many times Caroline heard Archibald Mason tell of his father's experiences in the war, of the poor pay he received, and the meager rations the commissary gave him. Once the father saw George Washington among a group of horsemen, but they were at a distance and he could not be positive as to which was the great General. Archibald had a Lincoln- esque appreciation of the ridiculous, and this story so amused him that he often quizzed his father about the time he almost saw Washington. The old man was apt to grow testy when the subject was mentioned. In June, 1894, the following information was taken from the pension records at Washington, D. C. : "Arthur Mason enlisted as a private at Snow Hill, Mary- ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 3 land, March 25, 1777, in L. Handy 's Company, Fifth Mary- land Line, and was discharged from service April 25, 1780, at Elkton, Maryland. He was in the battles of German- town, Pennsylvania, and Monmouth, New Jersey. He had formerly been a resident of Christiana Bridge, New Castle County, Delaware. He applied for a pension in 1818, and his application was granted May 17, 1819." We have every reason to believe that this was the father of Archibald Mason. All the evidence we have is tradi- tionary, and comes mainly through the medium of the excel- lent memory of Caroline Denning Mason, who had talked of such matters with Archibald Mason while she was a member of his family, becoming thus acquainted with much of the story of his long and interesting life. The names of the following soldiers who served in the War of the Revolution were taken from the Land Office records at Annapolis, Maryland, in December, 1892: Arthur Mason, Private. Thomas Mason, Captain. Caleb Mason, Ensign. James Mason, Private. Isacher Mason, Corporal. John Mason, Private. The Arthur Mason here referred to is evidently the same individual as the one who enlisted at Snow Hill, Maryland, in 1777. Our search through the records at Washington and An- napolis has not been thorough, but the evidence gathered at the former place confirms with reasonable certainty the tra- dition that the Christian name of Archibald Mason's father was Arthur. Of his wife, family, and antecedents we know 4 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON little. Tradition speaks of a daughter Sarah, or "Sallie," of whom Archibald often talked. In an effort to establish the connection of our family with the Masons of Virginia, Harrison Denning Mason corresponded with Kate Mason Rowland of Baltimore, Maryland, who has written a very complete life of George Mason, author of the Virginia "Bill of Rights" — the document that really formed the basis for the Declaration of Independence, Were we able to go back one generation farther, we could probably trace our ancestry to England, as there is much in print concerning the geneal- ogy of the various branches of the Mason family in Virginia and Maryland. Miss Rowland could not aid us, for the reason that the data we furnished did not extend back of the Revolutionary War. In 1806, being then twenty years of age, Archibald Mason left his Maryland home at Snow Hill and came to Pitts- burgh, where he spent the remainder of his life. An inter- esting journey it must have been, through wild lands that did not then dream of the canals, railways, and highways that the future years were to build. It is recorded that he traveled by stage-coach on the National Pike, the highway over which many thousands of emigrants passed in the pioneer days. Years afterward he often recalled his first view of the Western country from the summit of the Allegheny Mountains, the land of promise he was seeking. Reaching Pittsburgh, he found a rude frontier village at the "Forks of the Ohio," filled with incoming and outgoing emigrants. The stir and bustle of the place pleased him, and thenceforth he became identified with its progress. In these later days it is difficult for us to picture the "Gate- way of the West" as Archibald Mason saw it during his active life. The great Conestoga wagons that lumbered through its narrow streets are now a far-off memory. The ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 5 long array of river packets that once lined the Monongahela Levee, the quaint old drays that carried freight to and from the boats, the crowrds along the river front, belong to an epoch that seems far removed from us. Archibald once heard Henry Clay speak from the balcony of the old Monongahela House, meeting him later and talking w^ith him. In that early day immense rafts of white pine timber were floated to Pittsburgh from the Mahoning, Red Bank, Clarion and upper Allegheny Rivers. Much of this timber was man- ufactured into lumber in the mills of Allegheny County, and many steamboats were built here. Up to the time of Archi- bald Mason's death in 1859, the Ohio River was the great artery over which commerce passed to the West and South. The period of railway development began at the close of his career. West Street, where Archibald Mason spent m.any years of his life, vv^as close to the Monongahela Levee, along which in his day the steamboats were ranked in scores. The whistle of the incoming packets, signalling for a landing; the roar of escaping steam from passing boats; the cries of the mate, spurring the roustabouts to action in unloading cargoes; the singing of the deckhands as boats moved out of the harbor, were sounds that he loved. Past his home the commerce of a growing nation ebbed and flowed. Near by. Fort Du Quesne and its successor, Fort Pitt, had created heroic his- tory, which he knew by heart. Those were rude, formative days — times that bred strong men and true women. Archi- bald emerged from them in later years, a gentle, sweet- tempered, well-informed man, a believer in human brother- hood and a lover of his kind. In politics he was a Whig. He died shortly after the formation of the Republican Party, but in his last years he entered heart and soul into the great struggle against Slavery. 6 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON He recognized in Abraham Lincoln something of the leader- ship which in later years was to become the glory of our Republic, comparing him with that other leader, Henry Clay, whom he knew and loved. He was intensely loyal to the American Union and to the city in which he had toiled so long and to such good purpose. On coming to Pittsburgh, he followed the trade of a carpenter. About 1811 (the exact date is not known) he was married to Anna Maria Harrison, by whom he had two children, Theodore and Washington, the former dying in infancy. On December 16, 1813, his wife died, and was buried on the spot where Trinity Church, Sixth Avenue, Pittsburgh, now stands. The enlarged church building covers her grave, and all trace of it is lost. At a time which cannot be definitely fixed, he revisited his old home at Snow Hill. His mother had died in the interval, and his father had grown very old. He brought the old gentleman to Pittsburgh, and made his last days comfortable. The date of his father's death is not known, but he was past ninety. He was probably buried in Trinity Church- yard, but the church records are so incomplete that this fact cannot be fully established. Until recently there were aged people in Pittsburgh who could still remember him. In February, 1818, Archibald married a second time, unit- ing his fortunes with those of Althea Geer. By her he had eight children, as follows: Harrison, Abigail Anna, Mary Anne, Wesley, Cassandra, Caroline P., Melissa, and Isabella. With the exception of Harrison and Mary Anne, all died very young. Cassandra was deaf and dumb, an affliction caused by scarlet fever. Her father took her to Philadelphia for treatment, and it is said that during the journey he traveled for the first time in a railway car. Melissa died at the age of eleven, of lockjaw, caused by the scratch of a ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 7 rusty nail on the foot. On the 28th of December, 1837, Althea Geer died, at the age of forty-five, and was interred beside her children who died in infancy, in the Methodist burying ground, on the site where the Pennsylvania Station now stands. His first wife is said to have been a brunette, of French descent; his second, a blonde of German descent. No pic- tures of either have been preserved, nor have any of their letters, books or keepsakes descended to us. We have nothing whereby to judge of their personalitj^ With the exception of one family Bible, all the records (if any were kept) have been lost. Althea Geer was a Methodist, and a devout woman. Her name is variously spelled Geer, Gear and Gere by her de- scendants. The old family Bible of 1812 belonged to her, but her name is not in it. The flyleaf is gone. The yellow pages have been well thumbed, and the little paper book- marks are still in their places. Some of the pages had been torn, but she had carefully stitched them together again. We know that she had a sister, and there may have been other members of the family, but we do not know anything concerning them. The old Bible is now in the possession of Harrison Den- ning Mason. It contains some quaint illustrations. Its record of marriages, births, and deaths is in the handwriting of William Dilworth, Junior, who made the entries when he was a young man, a suitor for the hand of Mary Mason, whom he married September 16, 1841. In the fragment of a journal still preserved, Harrison Mason has this to say on the date shown above: "My sister Mary was married to-day and started imme- diately for the Lakes." They went to housekeeping Novem- ber 11, 1841. 8 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON Of Archibald Mason's ten children, only three reached maturity, viz. : Washington, Harrison and Mary Anne. All three married, and it is with their descendants that this sketch has to deal. The old directories of the City of Pittsburgh have been carefully searched for information concerning the family. The first record of Archibald occurs in the volume for 1826, vi^here he is mentioned as a "carpenter." In the directory for 1837 he is referred to in a number of places as a "steam- boat carpenter" and a "master carpenter." A list of seventy- five steamboats finished by his firm is printed, the name of each boat being given. The list covers the work done by the firm between the years of 1824 and 1835. Mention is made of him in the volume for 1839 and 1841. During a long period of years the family lived in West Street. It is evident that he was prominently identified with the boatbuilding industry, which attained great proportions for that early day. His firm built the cabins on many v/ell- known boats, among them the Messenger, in which Charles Dickens journeyed down the Ohio, in 1842. His sons, Washington and Harrison, were both associated with him in the business. William Dilworth, Senior, was also his partner for a time. Under date of February 24, 1840, Harrison Mason says in his journal, concerning the steamboat Utica, just com- pleted : "It is admitted on all hands that this is one of the snuggest fresh-water craft that now lies at the wharf." Archibald never used his middle name. Dale. The omis- sion was characteristic of the man. The fact that he had such a name was discovered by accident. His books contain only the name of "A. Mason," perhaps only "Mason." He seldom talked of his family affairs, and it is not likely that ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 9 he kept any records. Harrison Mason's middle name is said to have been Lambdin, but he always signed himself plain "Harrison Mason." The Lambdin family is connected with the Masons through Anna Maria Harrison, Archibald's first wife. Members of the family now reside in Philadelphia, and it has produced a number of noted artists. In the Pittsburgh directory for 1815 occurs the name of Prudence Lambdin, widow; in the records of the old Methodist Episcopal Church, corner of Seventh Avenue and Smithfield Street, the names of William Lambdin, Prudence Lambdin and Harrison Lambdin are found among the members as far back as 1829; and the Trinity Church register records the mar- riage of James A. Lambdin to Mary Cochran, in 1828. The tombstones of Anna Maria Harrison and Althea Geer are in the Mason lot (No. 44, Section 29) in Allegheny Cemetery; but the remains of the former rest under Trinity Church. Althea Geer's tombstone bears the simple inscrip- tion, "Althea G. Mason." On May 12, 1854, her body was removed from the Methodist burying ground, where the Pennsylvania Station now stands, to Allegheny Cemetery. Her children, who died in infancy, rest beside her. For a number of years Archibald was engaged in the lumber business on Rebecca Street, Allegheny, where he had a large sawmill and lumber yard. Passing the property and connecting Reedsdale (formerly Rebecca) Street with the river is a short thoroughfare named after him, Mason Street. Manufactories have crowded in upon it, and it is now almost abandoned as a public highway. The sawmill and property along the river front eventually fell to the share of Mary Anne Mason, whose husband, William Dilworth, Jr., oper- ated the mill for many years. The former Dilworth home (a large frame building) on Reedsdale Street is still standing. 10 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON Archibald's children that reached maturity were married as follows: Washington Mason to Sarah Ann Weldin, April 26, 1835. Mary Anne Mason to William Dilworth, Jr., September 16, 1841. Harrison Mason to Caroline Lydia Denning, Sep- tember 11, 1845. The descendants of these three couples will be referred to in the proper place. Harrison Mason was drowned in the Mississippi River, off the steamer Dacotah, May 7, 1862. The boat was bound for Pittsburgh when the accident took place, the time was midnight, and little is known of the sad occurrence. It is likely that it happened at the town of Ste, Genevieve, sixty miles south of St. Louis, on the Missouri shore, where the boat landed on that fateful night. The body was never found. Following is a list of steamboats owned by Harrison Mason at various periods during his business career: Lowell. Ohio. Glenwood. Prairie City. Commerce. James Wood. Dacotah. In a series of papers on old-time Pittsburgh, now being published by George T. Fleming in the Gazette Times of ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 11 that city, allusion is made to the prominent part played by our family in the boatbuilding industry. We quote as follows : "Any reprint of our steamboat history awakens interest in many Pittsburgh families whose ancestors were prominent in many ways in the steamboat era. Likewise interest is evoked in all towns along the rivers — the same interest, too, and always referred to with pride. Hence the following letter is in place : 'I have been reading your stories of old-time Pittsburgh with a great deal of interest. The stories of the Ohio River steam- boats particularly interest me. In your mention of the firms doing business here in the early days I have not yet seen any allusion to my own people. My grandfather, Archibald Mason, was a builder of steamboat cabins, and most of the older city directories from 1815 to 1850 make record of him. Associated with him in the business was my father, Harrison Mason, and my uncle, Washington Mason, the father of H. Lee Mason, of J. R. Weldin & Company. Their firm built the cabin of the steamer Messenger, the boat upon which Charles Dickens "sailed" down the Ohio. 'Archibald Mason came to Pittsburgh from the eastern shore of Maryland in 1806, and lived here the remainder of his life. He was always prominently associated with the boat-building industry, having worked as an apprentice carpenter on the first steamboat launched on Western waters in 1811. He died in 1859. 'Very sincerely yours, 'H. D. Mason.' "Mr. Mason has written correctly. The Masons were noted builders. Mr. Harris in 1837 enumerates 75 boats finished by A. Mason from 1824 to 1835 and by A. Mason & Son, from 1835 to June, 1837, at their yards at Water and West Streets. The Messenger is on the list. A. Mason resided at Front and West Streets — Front now First Avenue. Washington Mason was a ship carpenter, who lived close by. A. Mason was also a lumber dealer.' " There is a tradition in our family that two of our an- 12 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON cestors were killed by Indians at Upper Sandusky, Ohio, nearly a century and a half ago; but we have been unable to get any reliable data to verify the story, which still per- sists, nevertheless. Another interesting tradition recites that Great-grand- father Mason received from the Federal Government title to a piece of land on the Monongahela River where the City of Braddock now stands, in recognition of his services in the Revolution. Doubtless, he considered the land of little value, for he never took possession of it. Long after- ward it came into the possession of Andrew Carnegie and his partners, who erected the Edgar Thomson Steel Works on the site. Still later it became the property of the United States Steel Corporation, which has covered the land with great steel mills. Among the relics of Archibald Mason still preserved in the family is a large mallet made of very hard wood, with the stamp "A Mason" on its face. The mallet was used by him in his trade as a carpenter, fully a century ago. Very likely it saw service on the historic steamboat New Orleans, in 1811, when Archibald worked on it as a carpenter. We have many of his books, most of them of standard character, mainly historic and biographic. He was a reader of Shake- speare and Milton, and he loved the romantic tales of Walter Scott. An iron meat-chopper of quaint design is still exhibited by Caroline Howard, as a relic of the old Mason home on West Street, Pittsburgh. It is fully a hundred years old. Harrison D. Mason has Archibald Mason's bookcase, a quaint piece of furniture that now serves as a china closet. It has been in the family since about 1820. Harrison Mason's key-winding gold watch has also been preserved. ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 13 Until recently an early copy of Cramer's Navigator was preserved — a crude guidebook, it is true, but filled with inter- esting information concerning Ohio River towns and the country traversed by the great stream. A copy of the first Pittsburgh directory is still in excellent preservation, dating back to 1815. It is a miniature volume, for Pittsburgh was then a very small town; but the publisher was optimistic as to its future. Copies of this book have become very rare. In the early days, life in Pittsburgh was simple and prim- itive. It was customary for the head of a household to lay in a stock of provisions for the winter. On the return trip of his boat from the South and West, Harrison Mason often brought home a hogshead of molasses, barrels of sugar, and an equal quantity of corned beef, flour and pork. Provisions were cheap and plentiful. Big, old-fashioned drays drew up at the Mason home with all manner of edibles in those well- fed times. The food was coarser than we have now, per- haps, but the quality was good. Some of the books that stood on the shelves of the Mason library have become quite rare. Caroline Denning Mason used to recall certain volumes she had read. There was Craig's "History of Pittsburgh," which J. R. Weldin Company later republished because of its historical value. There were copies of "Western Annals," now long out of print, filled with stories of the great and growing West, which then loomed so large in the minds of our American people. There were ponderous volumes of sermons, for that type of litera- ture had then many readers. There were books on Spiritual- ism, that cult having just sprung into being. There were books on America by foreign writers, setting forth our faults and crudities, some of the criticisms doubtless true. Feni- more Cooper and Walter Scott found a place on the shelves, 14 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON and Byron was the poet most read, for he was then at the height of his meteoric career. Many of the books are forgotten, and deservedly so; but there were some that would be excellent reading now, could we but have access to them. Literature has its foibles and fashions that perish soon, but the good stuff (small in quan- tity) survives. One sometimes feels that it would be a keen pleasure to con over the old shelves, pick out a quaint volume, sit down in an easy chair in the library, and dip into the pages, forgetting the world and its cares. At a little later time, magazines like Peterson's, Godey's Ladies' Book and Waverly of Boston found a place in the Mason library — all now a vague memory. Archibald Mason and John Denning (Caroline's father) often met and discussed the heated topic of their day — Slavery. Both hated it and both had a live interest in the Underground Railroad. John Denning had kept a station on that mysterious railroad at Smyrna, Delaware, helping many fugitive negroes on their way North. The Mason and Denning families had lived in border states, both had held slaves in the earlier days, both had liberated them long before the Civil War. Henry Lee Mason Born in Pittsburgh, March 1, 1838. Died in that city, March 14, 1912. HENRY LEE MASON It is a peculiarly difficult thing to write the biography of a modest man. Praise seems out of place as applied to Henry Lee Mason, not because he was unworthy of it, but because he did not like it. Anything that savored of fulsomeness was distasteful to him. Genuine himself, he loved genuine things. He saw life through clear eyes, detested the shams, and had his quiet joke over them. He had a keen, dry humor that sparkled at times in un- expected ways — an appreciation of the ludicrous which is pleasant to recall. No man was ever more loyal in his friendships; they stood the test of time and adversity. He was apt to judge himself more rigidly than he judged his fellow men. Strong in his own convictions, he was tolerant of the opinions of others. In the midst of the business disasters that marked the career of J. R. Weldin & Company, his courage was ad- mirable. Weaker men would have been swept off their feet; but he went manfully forward to repair the losses — quiet, resourceful, self-reliant, never for a moment acknowl- edging defeat. We like best to think of him among his books; it was there he reached the full stature of his manhood. There Pittsburgh book-lovers grew to know and love him. For more than half a century he was an abounding source of information on literary topics. When he passed away a nameless charm went with him — the charm of a kindly pres- ence among the books he iDved. 15 16 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON Loyal to his family, his friends and to the city he knew so well; a lover of things which make for righteousness in human affairs; a man whose ideals found expression in a clean and useful life — it is not strange that men should honor him. Now that he is gone, we can say these things of him, not in the nature of praise, but as the simple truth. His education began at Veeder's School, at the corner of Ferry and Liberty Streets, Pittsburgh, a well-known insti- tution in its day. Later, he attended Travelli's School at Sewickley, where the Park Place Hotel now stands. His name is so enwoven with the history of J. R. Weldin & Company that one cannot dissociate them. Since 1852, Pittsburgh has gone to Weldin's for its books and two gen- erations of our people grew familiar with the name and face of Mr. Mason. In 1912 the firm celebrated the sixtieth anniversary of its establishment, issuing a modest little pamr phlet from which we quote. Extracts from "Sixty Years of Continuous Growth" — a booklet published by J. R. Weldin & Company, March 2, 1912: "The original store was opened by J. R. Weldin, March 2, 1852, on the first floor and in the basement of 63 Wood Street, under Lafayette Hall. It was a small concern with but three employees, but it grew rapidly, and, about 1860, in order to secure larger quarters, moved to 101 Wood Street (now 429). In 1866, H. Lee Mason, a nephew of Mr. Weldin, who had been associated with his uncle since the opening of the first store, purchased a half interest in the business. Mr. Weldin died in 1872, and Mr. Mason bought his interest. "Under Mr. Mason's management the business increased won- derfully. Larger quarters again became necessary, and in 1874 the adjoining building, 99 Wood Street, was secured. The history of the house since then has been one of steady and healthy growth. "Although J. R. Weldin & Company has had long years of ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 17 continuous success, the firm has also passed through some severe trials. On January 9, 1889, a terrific cyclone struck the unfinished seven-story Willey building in the rear, forcing the walls over on the Weldin establishment and completely wrecking it, as well as several adjoining buildings. Sixteen persons were killed, two of them employees of Weldin's. Weldin S. Mason, oldest son of H. Lee Mason, was seriously injured in this disaster and died on Christmas Eve, 1890, from an illness caused indirectly by the accident. "On March 11, 1891, just two years after the first disaster, the Weldin store was completely destroyed by fire, but, with un- daunted courage, the firm immediately opened up near by in Diamond Street, until its old quarters in Wood Street were rebuilt and ready for occupancy. By July of the same year the firm was back at its old stand on Wood Street." Lafayette Hall, under which Weldin's store was located, was, in 1856, the birthplace of the Republican Party. On September 18, 1913, the firm of J. R. Weldin & Com- pany was incorporated as J. R. Weldin Company, of which' Henry Lee Mason, Jr., is president. JOSIAH ROSS WELDIN JosiAH Ross Weldin was born in Sussex County, Dela- ware. His parents, Josiah Weldin and Priscilla Taylor, were married December 29, 1805, in that county, by the Rev. D. Baker. His father died at Annapolis, Maryland, October 6, 1818. Mr. Weldin had the distinction of being the first Knight Templar in Pittsburgh, having been initiated in the Masonic Order in August, 1850. He founded the firm of J. R. Wel- din & Company and had a long and successful business career in that city. He died of erysipelas on Saturday evening, March 2, 1872, and was buried from his home, old No. 150 Fourth Avenue, on Tuesday morning, March 5th. The attending physician was R. Tindale, M.D., and the funeral was conducted by H. Samson. The interment took place in Allegheny Cemetery, Section 11, Lx)t 18. Records show the burial in the same lot of Priscilla Weldin, his mother, who died August 24, 1861, aged seventy-two, and Shadrack S. Weldin, a brother, who died March 9, 1858, aged forty (or forty-four) j'ears. At the time of his death Mr. Weldin had resided in Fourth Avenue only four months; prior to that time he had been living in Federal Street, Pittsburgh. The certificate of death in the archives of the Pittsburgh Bureau of Health shows Mr. Weldin's age at the time of his decease as fifty-eight ; but the Masonic records show that when he applied for admission to the order May 22, 1850, he gave his age as thirty-nine. As he was prominent in Masonic affairs, acting for many years as Treasurer of Pittsburgh Commandery No. 219, it is more probable that the record of that order is correct. 18 JosiAH Ross Weldin Born in Sussex County, Delaware. Died in Pittsburgh, March 2, 1872. WASHINGTON MASON At the time of his death Washington Mason was one of the best known men in Pittsburgh. He had a peculiarly frank and genial manner that made him many friends. For years he was associated in business with his father and Harrison Mason, builders of steamboat cabins. Anecdotes come down to us of his kindliness and unassuming ways. In these days he would have been called a good "mixer," for he loved to mingle among men, learning their views and opinions. Like Harrison, he dearly loved a good book. He was born in Pittsburgh December 8, 1813, dying in that city April 26, 1858. He and his wife rest in Allegheny Cemetery. Until recent times a daguerreotype of Mr. Mason had been preserved, but as it has disappeared we are unable to present his likeness in this volume, much to our regret. Descendants of Washington Mason and Sarah Ann Wel- din, married April 26, 1835, in Pittsburgh. Sarah Ann Weldin, born May 12, 1811 ; died March 28, 1884. Children Anna Maria, born March 26, 1836; died April 30, 1837. Henry Lee, born March 1, 1838; died March 14, 1912. Mary Ann, born September 14, 1840; died October 22, 1874. Hiram Read, born April 23, 1843; died July 22, 1844. Harriet Potter, born April 4, 1849; died April 6, 1899. 19 20 WASHINGTON MASON Sarah Priscilla, born July 18, 1852; died February 22, 1919. Virginia Taylor, born February 6, 1855. Mary Ann Mason was married to Joseph Kiser Smith April 30, 1861, in Pittsburgh. Children Estella, born July 3, 1862; died July 22, 1862. Edward Albert, born June 15, 1865; died July 10, 1920. Joseph Kiser Smith died December 28, 1872; his wife, October 22, 1874. Edward Albert Smith was married to Gertrude Truby September 22, 1893; they had one daughter, Mary Esther, born April 8, 1896. Residence, Wilkinsburg. Mr. Smith was educated at the University of Pittsburgh; he died July 10, 1920, a good man, whose kindly deeds will not soon be forgotten. Henry Lee Mason was married to Myra Jane McLaugh- lin, October 9, 1862, at Pittsburgh. Her father's name was John Young McLaughlin, who was born at Eastport, Maine. Her mother was Anna Myra Hardwick, daughter of William and Sarah Hale Hardwick, and she was born in London, England. She was married to John Young McLaughlin, December 31, 1836. The children of Henry Lee and Myra Jane Mason were: Weldin Swope, born October 10, 1863; died December 24, 1890. Henry Lee, Jr., born September 16, 1868. Myra Edith, born March 12, 1872; died July 2, 1872. Helen Bowman, born September 26, 1875. ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 21 Weldin Swope Mason was married to Emily Parker, June 30, 1890, in Perth Amboy, N. J. Mrs. Weldin Swope Mason married Dr. Berwick Bruce Lanier, of Baltimore, Maryland, January 3, 1895. Dr. Lanier died January 1, 1911, in Baltimore, Md. Mrs. Lanier died July 22, 1920. Henry Lee Mason, Jr., was married to Martha Frew Lockhart, June 25, 1895, in Pittsburgh, where they still reside. Her father was Charles Lockhart ; her mother, Jane Walker, both born in Wigtownshire, near the town of Whithorn, Scotland. They were married June 24, 1862. Helen Bowman Mason was married to George Reed, October 28, 1903, in Pittsburgh. Residence, Pittsburgh. They have one son, Henry Mason, born August 22, 1904. Sarah Priscilla Mason was married to George A. Buchan- an, October 14, 1868, in Pittsburgh. One child, Lewis Buchanan, died in infancy. Mrs. Buchanan died February 22, 1919, in Pittsburgh; Mr. Buchanan, March 8, 1919, at Rock Creek, Ohio. Harriet Potter Mason was married to Theodore Mont- gomery Black, October 27, 1868, in Pittsburgh. Mr. Black died June 23, 1870. On August 21, 1879, his widow mar- ried Theodore Ford McFee, in St. Louis, Missouri. Mr. McFee died October 22, 1909. Children Sarah Ann McFee, born July 12, 1880; died June 30, 1882. Henry Lee McFee, born April 14, 1886. Henry Lee McFee was married to Aileen Desmond 22 WASHINGTON MASON Fletcher, September 7, 1913, at Monticello, New York, (She had been married before to Louis Weslyn Jones). Residence, Woodstock, Ulster County, New York. Virginia Taylor Mason was married to Edward Joseph Doherty, February 10, 1874, in Pittsburgh. Residence, Pittsburgh. Children John Benham, bom November 17, 1874; died January 16, 1909. John Benham Doherty was married to Almira Hervcy, October 24, 1899, in Pittsburgh. Children Eleanor Magee, born May 3, 1901. John Benham, born September 13, 1903. Eleanor Magee Doherty was married to Wallace James Harton, June 18, 1920. Mrs. John Benham Doherty was married to Samuel Montgomery Kintner, January 1, 1916. Harrison Mason Born in Pittsburgh, November 6, 1818. Died at Ste. Genevieve, Missouri, May 7, 1862. HARRISON MASON Harrison Mason and Caroline Lydia Denning were married September 11, 1845, in the city of Allegheny. The wedding took place at the home of her father, on what was then known as South Avenue. The house has since been torn down, the site being now occupied by the Henry Phipps Public Playground. Mrs. Anna Boss of Allegheny, who died a few years ago, was the last witness to the ceremony. For several years after their marriage Harrison Mason and his wife lived in the old Mason home on West Street, a two-story brick house, with an old-fashioned hip roof, and a large porch on the side; it has now disappeared. In February, 1854, Harrison Mason and his family re- moved to the property on Ridge Avenue, Allegheny, which his descendants still occupy. The ground (50x200 feet) had been purchased from Thomas Morris, of Cincinnati, Ohio, in December, 1853, and one brick house then stood there, erected in 1847. The neighborhood was growing, and many new houses were being erected. The incoming residents formed what was known in later years as "The Colony," made up of the families of Robert McCargo, Walter Glass, Marvin Darling, Frederick Braun, George Reiter, James H. Lindsay, Frederick Goettmann, the Bar- nett family, and others. "The Colony" now is only a mem- ory, owing to death or removal. The Mason family is one of the very few that still remain. That portion of the city has undergone a transformation. The greensward and forest trees which Harrison Mason saw have given place to a built- 23 24 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON up district, and the once rural river front is lined with mills and factories. Harrison Mason lacked the geniality of Archibald and Washington Mason. He was more reserved, talking freely only among his friends. He was candid, direct in speech, never mincing words. Early in 1862, while his boat was passing down the Ohio, Confederate sharpshooters on the Kentucky shore made a target of the pilot-house, and the pilot deserted his post. Harrison took the wheel and steered the boat past the danger. He did not chide the pilot, nor mention the matter again. This incident comes to us from one of his associates. On one occasion his boat was descending the Cumberland River, a narrow, winding stream. It was midnight, and the river was in flood. In some unexplained manner the pilot mistook the landmarks and the boat sheered into a piece of bottom land thickly overgrown with big timber. Strangely enough, the craft was not badly damaged, merely grounding among the timber, where the falling river left her. Some months later she was again floated and steamed back to Pittsburgh. The dominant feature in Harrison Mason's life was his intense love for good literature. His leisure time was de- voted to his books. He had a reputation for fairness and honesty, which is a goodly heritage. A practical man, de- voted to his business, he cherished high ideals, which found expression in just dealing with his fellow men. As seen by Harrison D. Mason, in October, 1900, Ste. Genevieve, where Harrison Mason lost his life, was a small place on the Missouri shore of the Mississippi River, pre- serving some of the quaintness of the olden time. Originally settled by French people, it is said to be older than St. Louis, but progress has passed it by. A banker in the place gave HARRISON MASON 25 the writer a river steamer bill of lading issued in 1852, bearing the signature of Harrison Mason. The place where the steamboats landed in 1862 is now two miles from the old landing, the river having changed its course. Wheat was then (in 1900) growing where the old boat landing had been. CAROLINE DENNING MASON On October 14, 1900, Caroline, widow of Harrison Mason, passed away at the old home in Allegheny, where she had lived since 1854. By nature an optimist, with a cheery word for everybody, she made many friends. It is pleasant to recall the sweetness of her face and manner. Her ideals were true and pure, and her life was filled with unself- ish deeds. In all our family connection there is no gentler memory than hers. Her father's name was John Denning, a Quaker of Smyrna, Delaware. Her mother's maiden name was Sarah Hudson Hickman. They were married March 11, 1802. The Dennings were of English descent; the Hickmans of Welsh origin. John Denning's father was James Denning, and our knowledge of him ends with the name. Descendants of Harrison Mason and Caroline Lydia Denning, married in the old John Denning homestead. South Avenue, Allegheny, September 11, 1845: Mary Althea. Archibald Denning, born April 7, 1849; died August 29, 1850. Albert Hickman, born July 2, 1851; died August 27, 1853. Harrison Denning, born January 27, 1855. Caroline Love, born November 6, 1860. The three children that reached maturity were married as foUov/s: 26 Caroline Denning Mason Born at Smyrna, Delaware, September 11, 1822. home in Allegheny, October 14, 1900. Died at her ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 27 Mary Althea Mason, to David Claude de Zouche, at the Mason home, Ridge Avenue, Allegheny, October 2, 1866. Children Carrie. Arthur Louis. Berthe. Berthe de Zouche was married to Thomas K. Cory, at Philadelphia, October 9, 1897. They reside in Boston, Massachusetts. Carrie de Zouche was married to William P. Roddy, April 3, 1907. They reside in Bellevue, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. Thomas K. Cory is associated with the Fileen Company of Boston, and has instituted an humanitarian policy in dealing with his large force of employees, which has excited wide and favorable comment. Arthur L. de Zouche has long been in the service of John Wanamaker, in Philadelphia. David C. de Zouche died September 11, 1878, at Crafton, Pa. He had been a soldier in the Civil War, and had a record for gallantry which was well worthy of perpetuation, but the details have unfortunately not been preserved. When mustered out of service he was a First Lieutenant in the 72d New York Regiment, General Sickle's Brigade. He was severely wounded while in the service. Harrison Denning Mason was married to Ella M. Mc- Cargo, at the McCargo home. Ridge Avenue, Allegheny, September 11, 1878, by the Reverend Joseph King, of the Disciples Church. 28 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON Children Harrison Denning, Jr., born December 19, 1879. Dean Kenneth, born November 4, 1881. Earle Dilworth, born November 11, 1883; died Octo- ber 29, 1918, at Base Hospital No. 65, at Brest, France ; First Lieutenant, Pontoon Train, 468th En- gineers, Dale Robert, born October 14, 1886. Charles McCargo, born August 9, 189.0. David Malcolm, born June 16, 1893. Harrison Denning Mason, Jr., vv^as married at Charleroi, Pa., to Blanche Odell Frye, April 20, 1914. They reside in Dormont, Allegheny County, Pa. Children John Denning, born February 18, 1915. Mary Jane, born February 17, 1918. Dean Kenneth Mason vv^as married at Globe, Arizona, to Mary Josephine Murtagh, December 4, 1912. They reside in Los Angeles, California. Children Mary Elizabeth, born November 1, 1913, at Clifton, Arizona. Earle Dilworth, II, born June 7, 1920, at Long Beach, California. Earle Dilworth Mason was married to Vera Hoyt Harsh, at the home of her father, Philip Harvey Harsh, Silver City, New Mexico, November 14, 1917. His widow now resides at Tyrone, New Mexico. Dale Robert Mason was married to Elizabeth Byrd Ella McCargo Mason Born in Pittsburgh, July 7, 1852. Died in that city, April 7, 1916. HARRISON MASON 29 Worcester at the home of her father, Edward Worcester, in Pittsburgh, October 12, 1915. They reside in Ben Avon, a suburb of Pittsburgh. Children Katherine Worcester, born January 9, 1917. Ella McCargo, born April 11, 1918, in the Mason home. Ridge Avenue, North Side. Elizabeth Sargent, born May 6, 1921. Ella McCargo Mason died at the Mason home in Alle- gheny, April 7, 1916, after a lingering illness. There w^as something appealing in her personality, certain gentle and lovable traits which made her friendship a thing to be cher- ished. Her memory will long endure among her descendants. She lived to see her six sons educated and equipped for the battle of life, sacrificing much to attain that goal. She died just before one of her well-beloved boys laid down his life in France. She rests in Highwood Cemetery. Her parents were Robert M. McCargo and Sophia Eliza- beth Henrici, both born in Pittsburgh, and married there September 4, 1 85 1 . Robert McCargo's parents were Nathan McCargo and Isabella Sayle, the former a native of Scot- land, the latter of the Isle-of-Man. Sophia Henrici's parents were William Henrici and Mary Upperman. William Hen- rici's brother, Jacob Henrici, was head of the old Harmony Society at Economy. Following is a brief outline of the careers of the six sons of Harrison Denning and Ella McCargo Mason: Harrison Denning, Jr., mining engineer, educated at Pennsylvania State College, member of the Kappa Sigma college fraternity; entered the service of the U. S. Bureau of Mines after he left school, having a stirring experience 30 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON in mine rescue work; now one of the firm of the Mine Safety Appliances Company, of Pittsburgh. Dean Kenneth, civil engineer, educated at the University of Pittsburgh; member of the Sigma Chi college fraternity; worked on the survey of the extension of the Wabash Rail- road into Pittsburgh, with George T. Barnsley, engineer; had some years' experience on the Arizona and New Mexico Railway, at Clifton, Arizona; now with the Los Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad Company, at Los Angeles, California. Earle Dilworth, civil engineer, educated at the University of West Virginia; member of the Sigma Chi college fra- ternity; had a long experience with the Arizona Copper Company in engineering work, at Clifton, and Morenci, Arizona; later entered the service of the Phelps Dodge Cor- poration at Tyrone, New Mexico, leaving there to enlist in the U. S. Army in May, 1918; died at Base Hospital No. 65, at Brest, in France, October 29, 1918; First Lieutenant of the Ponton Train, 468th Engineers. He had sailed from Camp Upton, New York, on the steamer Leviathan Septem- ber 28, 1918, landing at Brest, October 7th; contracted Spanish influenza on the way over, and was taken directly to the hospital from the vessel when they landed. He now rests in the American cemetery at Kerhuon, near Brest, where he was buried with military honors. He went forth gladly on that Great Adventure which ended in a green mound on the heights of Kerhuon. Dale Robert, mechanical engineer, educated at Pennsyl- vania State College, member of the Kappa Sigma college fraternity; in the service of the National Tube Company, of Pittsburgh; was stationed at Washington, D. C, during the Great European War, looking after the detail of the supply of tubing for war vessels; is now Sales Agent, Seam- HARRISON MASON 31 less Tube Department, National Tube Company, Pitts- burgh, Pa. Charles McCargo took the agricultural course at Penn- sylvania State College; member of the Kappa Sigma college fraternity; entered the U. S. Army in September, 1917, and after an experience of fourteen months in various Southern camps received his commission as Second Lieutenant and was placed in the Officer's Reserve, at Camp Taylor, Louisville, Kentucky, November 27, 1918; now in the service of the Jones & Laughlin Steel Company, Pittsburgh. David Malcolm took the architectural course at the Car- negie School of Technology, Pittsburgh; a member of the X. Sigma Upsilon fraternity; entered the U. S. Army in June, 1918; after an experience in various American camps, sailed for France from Newport News, Virginia, in October, 1918; reached France too late to actively participate in the war, but saw various phases of army life in French camps; returned to America in May, 1919; confined in the Base Hospital at Camp Merritt, N, J., for some time by ill- ness. He was assigned to 6th Field Artillery Replacement Regi- ment in France. After signing of the Armistice, the organi- zation was detailed to guard German prisoners, to clean up artillerj' ranges used by Americans in training in France, and to repair French camps used by American soldiers. The 6th Field Artillery Replacement Regiment started from Brest and was moved thence to camps La Cournot, La Courtine, Chamiers, De Souge, Genecourt and Paulliac. On a fourteen-day furlough, visited Bordeaux, Tours, Blois, Orleans, Rennes, Versailles and Paris. Landed in New York on May 2, and was discharged on May 29, 1919. He was married to Anna Pride McKelvy at Lordsburg, New Mex- 32 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON ico, April 15, 1920. The McKelvy family are native Pitts- burghers, now living in Los Angeles, California. A son, David Malcolm Mason, Jr., vv^as born at Los Angeles, January 7, 1921. Caroline Love Mason was married to Levi Hartley How- ard, November 6, 1882, at her home in Allegheny, by the Rev. Edmund Belfour, of the First Evangelical Lutheran Church, of Pittsburgh. Children Althea Louise. Caroline Denning. Rebekah Elodie. Althea Louise Howard was married to William Wood- ward Williams at Emmanuel Episcopal Church, Allegheny, March 29, 1910, by the Rev. Ernest M. Paddock. Mr. Williams is now assistant to the president of the Pittsburgh Gage & Supply Company. He is a graduate of Harvard University; a member of the Theta Delta Chi col- lege fraternity and of the Duquesne Club, Pittsburgh. After graduating at Harvard he took a course in metallurgy at the Carnegie School of Technology. Caroline and Rebekah both studied illustration in the School of Design of the same institution. Caroline took a similar course in the University of Pittsburgh. William Dilworth, Jr. Born February 23, 1818. Died in Pittsburgh, December 25, 1877. WILLIAM DILWORTH, Jr. William Dilworth, Jr., was long and prominently identified with the lumber business in Pittsburgh, having succeeded Archibald Mason when the latter retired. He owned large pine timber tracts in Clarion County, and oper- ated a sawmill on what is now the North Side, Pittsburgh. When the petroleum industry began he was one of the pioneers in its development, amassing a considerable fortune. The spectacular features of the oil business have long since passed away, but volumes might be written of those stirring days in the Allegheny River region. He was a man of affairs, keen-witted, ambitious and eager to excel — a natural leader of men. It is pleasant to recall his genial manner and his kindliness of heart. He estab- lished at "Highwood" one of the brightest, cheeriest homes in Pittsburgh, noted for its hospitality. A man of fine presence, he impressed one as forceful and self-reliant. 33 MARY MASON DILWORTH Mary Mason Dilworth was a gentle, cultured woman. She had some of Harrison's reserve and not a little of his pride; but no woman was ever more genial or more loyal among her friends. Her views of life were broad and kindly. Reading much, she was in touch with the best writers of her time. She loved music and all those better things which make for true refinement. In every sense of the word, she was a gentlewoman, devoted to her husband and her family, looking out upon the world with that tolerant vision which is not the heritage of many. Her descendants may well be proud of her. Just before the family had removed to their beautiful home at "Highwood," in 1864, Mary Mason died, at the early age of forty-two. She had given the place its name, and had shared in the plans for beautifying it. The fine old home that still stands there on the crest of the hill has well been called the "Mansion of Sweet Memories." This property is now a part of Highwood Cemetery, Brighton Road, North Side, Pittsburgh. Descendants of Mary Anne Mason and William Dil- worth, Jr., married in Pittsburgh, September 16, 1841: Ada, born July 3, 1842; died April 19, 1885. Althea Rebecca, born June 26, 1844; died January 7, 1902. Josephine Alden, born November 26, 1846. Clara, born January 12, 1848. Sarah Scott. 34 Mary Mason Dilworth Born in Pittsburgh, May 10, 1822. Died in Allegheny, August 5, 1864. ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 35 Frank Mason, born June 1, 1853; died March 26, 1884. Mary Laura, born August 14, 1855; died December 14, 1870. Ernest, born December 12, 1858; died April 6, 1860. Gertrude. William, born July 22, 1864; died August 5, 1864. William Dilworth, Jr., died December 25, 1877; his wife died August 5, 1864. Ada Dilworth was married to Andrew Anthony Gutman, in Allegheny, April 11, 1865. Children Marie Elise. Josephine Louise. William Dilworth. Ada died April 19, 1885; Andrew A. Gutman, February 19, 1879. Their remains rest in Highwood Cemetery. Ada was a beautiful and accomplished woman. Her husband was a linguist and a man of letters. For some years he was private secretary to William H. Seward, Secretary of State under Abraham Lincoln, assisting him in the preparation of data concerning his public life and travels, a task for which he was eminently fitted. Marie Elise Gutman was married to James Holmes Blair, June 7, 1887. They had one child, George Blair, born September 14, 1888. He is a graduate of Lehigh Univer- sity, Class of 1911. James Holmes Blair died February 5, 1906. Marie Elise Blair was married to Robert John McKay, of Pittsburgh, January 20, 1914. They reside in Pittsburgh. George Blair was married to Elizabeth McCreery Rod- gers, September 16, 1914. 36 WILLIAM DILWORTH, JR. Josephine Louise Gutinan was married to William Mey- erly Faber, Jr., in the First Unitarian Church, Pittsburgh, October 27, 1904. Children William Meyerly, III, born October 26, 1905. Albert Dilworth, born August 15, 1909. The family resides in Cleveland, Ohio. William Dilworth Gutman was married to Marion Isabell Willison, March 10, 1893. Children Anthony Andrew, bom March 17, 1894. Marion Elizabeth, born April 2, 1896. The children were both born in Portland, Oregon. The family now resides at Los Angeles, California. Josephine Alden Dilworth was married to Harry Clay Kessler, November 8, 1876. Children Josephine Dilworth, born July 10, 1878. Harry Clayton, born June 20, 1882. John, died December 4, 1887, aged three months. Mr. Kessler died September 10, 1907. The family now resides in Philadelphia, Pa. Harry Clayton Kessler was married to Althea Dilworth Hofmann at Bluff Island, Thousand Islands, New York, on August 9, 1909. Children George Robinson, born October 21, 1910. Althea Dilworth, born January 11, 1912. ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 37 Catherine, born March 4, 1913. Josephine Dilworth, born May 18, 1914. Doris, born February 27, 1917. Mary Mason, born December 29, 1919. Harry Clay Kessler was born on March 18, 1844, in Philadelphia, Pa. In August, 1861, he enlisted as a private in Company G, 104th Pennsylvania Volunteers, was pro- moted to Second Lieutenant in September of that year, and to First Lieutenant, in January, 1863. He served in the Army of the Potomac, with Naglee's Brigade of the 4th Army Corps. He was an officer in the First Regiment, Na- tional Guard of Montana, from 1885 to 1900. In 1892 he was appointed Colonel and at the beginning of the Spanish- American War was commissioned Colonel, First Montana Volunteer Infantry and served through the Philippine Cam- paign with the 8th Army Corps. After his return in Octo- ber, 1889, he was brevetted Brigadier General U. S. Volun- teers. Harry Clayton Kessler, April 9, 1917, received temporary commission with rank of Ensign U. S. Naval Reserve; June 11, 1917, reported for active duty; May 7, 1918, quali- fied for duty with Fleet; June 11, 1918, placed in command of one Division of Submarine Chasers. September 21st pro- moted to Lieutenant Junior Grade. April 11, 1919, he was relieved from active duty. Althea Rebecca Dilworth was married to George Thomas Robinson, in Allegheny, November 3, 1863. Residence, Pittsburgh. Children Mary Mason. Harry, died in infancy. William Christopher. 38 WILLIAM DILWORTH, JR. Anne Holdship. Stuart Holdship. Henry Holdship. Althea Dilworth Robinson died January 7, 1902. She was a woman of sweet and kindly nature, and her greatest pleasure was to make others happy. George Thomas Robinson was long the senior partner in the old firm of Robinson, Rea & Company, the leading Pitts- burgh foundry of its day. He died December 24, 1917, an upright, unassuming man, whose life was clean and blameless. William, Stuart and Henry Robinson are all engaged in business in Pittsburgh or its vicinity. Henry is a graduate of Yale University, class of 1895. William is president of the National Metal Molding Company, which operates a large plant in the Borough of Ambridge-Economy. Henry is treasurer of the same corporation. Mary Mason Robinson was married to Charles H. Hof- mann, M.D., of Pittsburgh, June 13, 1887. Children Althea Dilworth. George Robinson. Mary Robinson Hofmann was married to Frank J. Lynch, of Cleveland, Ohio, at Bluff Island (Clayton) New York, October 4, 1909. Residence, Cleveland, Ohio. Althea Dilworth Hofmann was married to Harry Clayton Kessler, at Bluff Island (Clayton), New York, August 9, 1909. Residence, Philadelphia, Pa. Children George Robinson, born October 21, 1910. Althea Dilworth, born January 11, 1912. ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 39 Catherine, born March 4, 1913. Josephine Dilworth, born May 8, 1914. Doris, born February 27, 1917. Mary Mason, born December 29, 1919. George Robinson Hofmann was educated at Cornell Uni- versity. During the World War he enlisted in the United States Navy, his service being entirely in American w^aters. William Christopher Robinson was married to Mary McMasters Laughlin, daughter of Alexander, Jr., and Mary F. Jones Laughlin, at Sewickley Heights, Pa., May 21, 1902. Residence, Pittsburgh. Children Alexander Laughlin. William Christopher. Henry Stuart, died in infancy. Mary Franklin. Althea Dilworth. Clara, fourth daughter of William Dilworth, Jr., and Mary Mason, was married at "Highwood," the family resi- dence, on November 9, 1871, to Thomas Bakewell Kerr, a lavi^er practicing in Pittsburgh, son of Rev. John and Anne Bakewell Kerr. Residence, Englewood, New Jersey. Children Mary Mason, born September 24, 1872, in Allegheny, Pa.; died October 10, 1894, at Englewood, N. J. John Campbell, born October 9, 1873, in Allegheny, Pa. Lois, born March 12, 1876, at Fairfield Station, West- moreland County, Pa. 40 WILLIAM DILWORTH, JR. Clarence Dilworth, born August 15, 1878, at Fairfield Station, Westmoreland County, Pa. John Campbell Kerr graduated from Princeton, 1896; Columbia Law School, 1899; admitted to New York State Bar, 1896; at present practicing law in New York as a member of the firm of Kerr, Page, Cooper & Hayward; married October 25, 1904, at Scranton, Pa., to Elizabeth Archbald, daughter of James and Hannah Maria Albright Archbald. Residence, Englewood, New Jersey. Children Thomas Bakewell, II, born May 15, 1906, at Engle- wood, N. J. James Archbald, born December 7, 1909, at Engle- wood, N. J. Lois Kerr graduated from Barnard College in 1909. Resides with her parents at Englewood, N. J. Clarence Dilworth Kerr graduated from Lawrenceville School, N. J., 1897; Princeton, 1901 ; Columbia Law School, 1904; admitted to New York State Bar, 1903; at present practicing law in New York as a member of the firm of Fish, Richardson, Herrick & Neave of Boston and New York; married April 17, 1906, at Englewood, N. J., to Janet Brinckerhoff, daughter of Elbert A. and Emily Vermilye Brinckerhoff. Residence, Englewood, N. J. Children John Brinckerhoff, born April 7, 1907. Harold Brinckerhoff, born August 29, 1909. Clarence Dilworth, Jr., born October 3, 1913. ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 41 Mary Mason, born July 23, 1916. William Dilworth, born January 28, 1920. All of these children were born at Englewood, N. J. Thomas Bakewell Kerr, Sr., died at his home in Engle- wood, N. J., April 1, 1920, having achieved eminence in his profession of the law, and leaving an unblemished record as a man. He was the senior partner of the firm of Kerr, Page, Cooper and Hayward, of New York City. For almost half a century he had been one of the leading patent lawyers in this country. Sarah Scott Dilworth was married to Frederick Hager, a native of Hagerstown, Maryland, December 7, 1870, at Pittsburgh. They now reside in Los Angeles, California. Children Frederick Dorsey, died September 18, 1871. Jonathan Henry, died September 3, 1890. Lee. William Dilworth. Archibald Mason, died August 14, 1894. Alice Brownie. Dorsey. Dilworth Scott. Dorsey Hager married Adelaide Tyler Myer, who died in 1914. They had one child, Franklin Tyler Hager. Dor- sey's second wife was Mary Hathaway Taber; they have one child, Polly Lee. Dilworth Scott Hager was in training at Camp Taylor, Kentucky, when the Great European War closed; he is a graduate of Harvard University, class of 1911. Dorsey Hager is a graduate of Columbia University, class 42 WILLIAM DILWORTH, JR. of 1910. He has attained prominence as a geologist, special- izing in a study of the petroleum measures of the Southwest. Lee's alma mater is Harvard, 1896. During the Spanish- American War he served in the First Georgia Regiment. Alice Brownie Hager married Matthew Y. Gilbert in 1913; they have three children: Matthew Y. Dilworth Scott. Clement. Gertrude Dilworth was married at Superior, a suburb of Allegheny, January 1, 1881, to Jonathan Henry Hager, of Hagerstown, Maryland, but a resident of Grand Junction, Iowa, at the time of his marriage. Mr. Hager died August 8, 1908, at Webster's Groves, a suburb of St. Louis, Mis- souri. He entered the Confederate service in the Civil War in his seventeenth year, enlisting while at school. He served for four years in the First Maryland Cavalry, and was in the last battle of the war. Gertrude repeats the family tradition that two of our ancestors were scalped by Indians in Ohio, while on their way to Upper Sandusky, from Kentucky. The tradition, as she heard it, comes from the Geer family, and the two vic- tims were the parents of Althea Geer, Archibald Mason's second wife. We have learned that a family of the name of Geer, of Cincinnati, Ohio (formerly of Sandusky), have a similar tradition, which is recorded in a genealogy published by them some years ago. In so far as we have been able to learn it, this is the story of our Mason family and its connections in America, from the period of the Revolution down to the year 1921. Some day, we trust, a family historian will arise who will ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 43 gather the data concerning our people in Colonial times, and perhaps back to our forbears in Europe. From all the information we have been able to collect, our people have been of the middle class, in the main; steady, industrious, dependable men and women. There is little record of bril- liant achievement, nor have we developed any great geniuses or remarkable characters. It would seem that we belong to the class which Abraham Lincoln called the "plain people," and as he was inclined to think the Lord loved such people, and as he himself belonged to that class, there is no reason why we should rebel at the verdict of history. There is a tradition in our family that we were connected by intermarriage in Colonial times with the Lee family of Virginia, so prominent in American history; but the story has never been verified. It is probable that records may some day be brought to light in Maryland or Virginia that will develop some interesting Colonial family history. So far as can now be traced, we have been loyal Americans, and of the Protestant faith. For more than a century Pittsburgh has been the center of our activities, but since Archibald Mason's time some of our people have scattered to the East and West, still remaining under the American flag. Wher- ever we have gone, we have been builders of homes and lovers of the land. The portrait of Archibald Mason now in possession of Sarah Dilworth Hager, of Los Angeles, California, was painted by a German artist named Braun, who came to Allegheny City in the fifties and did some excellent work in portraiture. It is fortunate that we have in the family so good a likeness of one whom we all venerate. From this canvas he looks down upon us to-daj'^ — a gentle, benevolent old man, whose long life developed so much that was good. We of these later times may look upon his kindly face with 44 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON an honest pride, not that his achievements were so great, but because of his worth as a man. In February, 1892, Harrison D. Mason talked with Captain Matthew Day, a well-known Pittsburgh steamboat man of advanced age, who said : "I remember Pittsburgh when it was like a country village. Those were the days of 'wildcat' money and steamboats — good days, too, for I was like the country then — peart and peppery. I remember your Great-grandfather (Arthur Mason), a little, bent old man, walking slowly down the street on sunny days. That must have been in the thirties. Your Mason people lived on West Street then, and Archi- bald had his carpenter shop there. I did not know your Great-grandfather's first name. I remember Althea Mason, and have talked with her; I knew Archibald Mason well. He had a long pine bench in front of his carpenter shop, where young men used to sit of summer evenings, whittling, arguing, and talking politics. Later on, some of those young fellows became prominent in Pittsburgh; I could pick out many names you would know. Archibald Mason was known among them as the 'Judge,' because he generally acted as arbitrator in disputes. He could look about as wise as any man I ever saw, and he had a way of reeling off long words that was great. He could tell a story equal to any, and laugh — Lord, I can hear him yet. His boys, Harry and Wash, were always there, but it was 'Judge' Mason's genial ways that drew us to the long pine bench about sundown. When I hark back to it I can hear the steamboats whistle for a landing as they came into the har- bor, for West Street was close to the Monongahela. Some- times I feel like stampeding down to the Levee again, to see the boats come in, as I did in the good old days. I'd rather see the roustabouts gather around the capstan and sing the ARCHIBALD DALE MASON 45 old plantation songs than to listen to all the grand opera in the world." In 1892, Harrison D. Mason visited Snow Hill, Mary- land, hoping to learn something of family history in the town where Archibald Mason had spent his youth. A great fire destroyed a portion of the place in 1835. The court- house was burned, with the records; but it was said that duplicate records had been preserved at Annapolis. The records of All Hallows Episcopal Church were examined, but nothing of interest to our family was found, either in the church books or on the gravestones in the old cemetery. The ancient church (which dates back to 1692) was very interesting. The bricks in the building are said to have come from England. Many old residents of Snow Hill were seen, but no in- formation concerning our family was obtained from them. The records in the Presbyterian Church were examined without result. The home of Stephen E. Mason, near the town, was visited, but he knew nothing of our family. In earlier times it was the custom on the eastern shore of Mary- land to bury the dead on the farms where they had lived. Wooden markers were often used on the graves and no public records were kept; hence the search of the genealogist is made difficult. Only two churches in Snow Hill have old burying grounds, and no Mason tombstones were found in them. The town itself, with the lazy Pocomoke River flowing through it, is as sleepy as the river. The quaint old homes, with little dormer windows, are pleasant to look upon, and the white shell roads are fine highways. It is a land of pine woods, of peaches and strawberries, of fat shad and other sea food. The name Snow Hill is a misnomer; there 46 ARCHIBALD DALE MASON is no hill. Very likely the town derives its name from some old place in England. While the sojourn in the ancient town was quite fruit- less of results, it was pleasant to visit the region where some of our ancestors had lived and died. In imagination one could picture Archibald Mason sallying forth from this quiet village in 1806 as a light-hearted boy, with his face set toward the Great West — one of the pioneers and builders of that vast empire which has grown and prospered beyond his dream. Perhaps it is fitting to close this family narrative with an incident which occurred in the morning of an April day, 1865. Caroline Mason stood at the door of her home in Allegheny, her son Harrison (a boy of ten) beside her. A neighbor passing by paused at the gate and called to her. She started toward him, asking him to repeat his words. When he did so, she burst into tears, and stood there dazed. The boy clung to her, crying in sympathy. "Mother! Mother! What is wrong?" he asked, for the boy had not understood. "They have killed Abraham Lincoln, my boy — the kindest, gentlest soul in the world." Surely, no greater tribute of love and honor was ever paid to any statesman than that paid to Abraham Lincoln when he died. The mother and son, standing there with bowed heads in the early morning of that fateful April day, typified the grief of a great people, and in all the years since then his memory has dwelt among us as the highest ideal in American life.