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Full text of "Archives of Maryland"

UNIVERSITY 
OF PITTSBURGH 






LIBRARY 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2009 with funding from 

University of Pittsburgh Library System 



http://www.archive.org/details/archivesofmaryla43brow 



Archives of Maryland 

XLIll 



JOURNAL AND CORRESPONDENCE 



OF THE 



State Council of Maryland 

(5) 

1779-1780 

Published by Authority of the State under the Direction of the 
Maryland Historical Society 



BERNARD CHRISTIAN STEINER 
Editor 




BALTIMORE 

Maryland Historical Society 

1924 




5^8e Borb <§(xUimort (preee 

BALTIMORE, MD., V. S. A. 



Dar 
qF|76 



AG75 
V. 4-3 

C/<2 p. \ 



ARCHIVES OF MARYLAND. 

The following volumes have been published ("under the editorship of William 
Hand Browne from I to XVII and XIX to XXXII, Clayton Coleman Hall 
from XXXIII to XXXV, and Bernard Christian Steiner XVIII and from 
XXXVI to XLIII) : 

I. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (i), 

1637/8-1664, - _ . 1883 

II. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (2), 

1666-1676, 1884 

III. Proceedings OF the Council ( I ), 1636-1667, - - - - 1885 

IV. Proceedings OF THE Provincial Court (i), 1637-1650, - 1887 
V. Proceedings of the Council (2), 1667-1687/8, - - - 1887 

VI. Correspondence of Governor Horatio Sharpe, I, 

1753-1757, 1888 

VII. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (3), 

1678-1683, 1889 

VIII. Proceedings of the Council (3), 1687/8-1693, - - - 1890 
IX. Correspondence of Governor Horatio Sharps, II, 

1757-1761, .-...-... 1890 

X. Proceedings of the Provincial Court (2), 1650-1657, - 1891 
XI. Journal of the Maryland Convention, July 26-AuG. 
14, 1775, Journal and Correspondence of the 
Council of Safety (i), Aug. 29, 1775-JuLY 6, 

1776, 1892 

XII. Journal and Correspondence of the Council of Safety 

(2), July7-Dec. 31, 1776, - 1893 

XIII. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (4), 

1684-1692, 1894 

XIV. Correspondence of Governor Horatio Sharpe, III, 

1761-1771, - 1895 

XV. Proceedings of the Council (4), 1671-1681, - - - - 1896 

XVI. Journal and Correspondence of the Council of 
Safety, Jan. i-March 20, 1777, Journal and Cor- 
respondence of the State Council (3), March 
20, 1777-MARCH 28, 1778, -------- 1897 

XVII. Proceedings OF THE Council (5), 1681-1685/6, - - - 1898 

XVIII. Muster Rolls and Other Records of Service of Mary- 
land Troops in the American Revolution, - - - 1899 

XIX. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (5), 

1693-1697, ---- 1899 

XX. Proceedings of the Council (6), 1693-1697 1900 

XXL Journal and Correspondence of the State Council (4), 

April i, 1778-OcTOBER 26, 1779, 1901 



iv Archives of Maryland. 

XXIL Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (6), 

1697/8-1699, -------- 1902 

XXIII. Proceedings of the Council (7), 1696/7-1698, - - - 1903 

XXIV. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (7), 

1700-MAY, 1704, ------------ 1904 

XXV. Proceedings of the Council (8), 1698-1731, - - - - 1905 
XXVI. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (8), 

September, 1704-1706, ---------- 1906 

XXVII. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (9), 

1707-1710, -------------- 1907 

XXVIII. Proceedings of the Council (9), 1732-1753, - - - - 1908 
XXIX. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (10), 

1711-1714, - 1909 

XXX. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (ii), 

1715-1716, - 1910 

XXXI. Proceedings of the Council (id), 1753-1761, Corre- 
spondence of Governor Sharpe, IV, 1754-1765, - 191 1 
XXXII. Proceedings of the Council (ii), 1761-1770, Minutes 
OF THE Board of Revenue, 1768-1775, Opinions on 
the Regulation of Fees, Instructions to Gov- 
ernor Eden, March 2, 1773, -------- 1912 

XXXIII. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (12), 

1717-ApRiL, 1720, ---- 1913 

XXXIV. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (13), 

October, 1720-1723, ----------- 1914 

XXXV. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (14), 

1724-1726, 1915 

XXXVI. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (15), 

1727-1729, WITH Appendix of Statutes 1714-1726, - 1916 
XXXVII. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (16), 

1730-1732, - 1917 

XXXVIII. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (17), 

Acts Hitherto Unprinted, 1694-1729, - - - - 1918 

XXXIX. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (18), 

1733-1736, -------------- 1919 

XL. Proceedings AND Acts of THE General Assembly (19), 

1737-1740, -------------- 1921 

XLI. Proceedings OF THE Provincial Court (3), 1658-1662, - 1922 
XLII. Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly (20), 

1740-1744, - - - - - - - _ 1923 

XLIII. Journal and Correspondence of the State Council ( 5 ) , 

October 27, 1779-NovEMBER 11, 1780, ----- 1924 



LETTER OF TRANSMISSION. 

Rooms of the Maryland Historical Society. 

Baltimore, October i, 1924. 
To the Maryland Historical Society: 
Gentlemen : 

We have the honor to submit the forty-third volume of the Archives of 
Maryland, containing the Journal and Correspondence of the State Council 
from October 27, 1779 to 1780, and being the fifth volume of the sub-series 
devoted to this subject. The last volume of this Journal &c. was the twenty- 
first of the whole series and was printed in 1901. It seemed well to your Com- 
mittee to return to the Revolutionary period in Maryland's history and to 
diversify the contents of the series by publishing this volume, not only because 
of the fact that, by so doing, a service would be rendered to those who may 
investigate the records for purposes of political, military or economic history, 
or for genealogy ; but also because it is desirable to remind those who care for 
the past of Maryland that several kinds of manuscripts remain to be published 
in the Archives and further, because a considerable part of the material used 
in this volume was transcribed by Miss Harrison, over a score of years ago 
and so could be used without additional expense. 

A few days after the beginning of the period covered by this volume, the 
term of office of Thomas Johnson, the first Governor of the State, expired 
and he was succeeded upon November 9, 1779, by Thomas Sim Lee, who was 
elected by the General Assembly, in accordance with the provisions of the 
State Constitution, to serve for one year. 

The Journal and Letter Book of the Council are among the manuscript 
volumes of Archives deposited by the State with the Society. The letters to 
the Council are to be found in two collections, both deposited with the Society-. 
The more important of these letters were secured from Annapolis by Col. 
Brantz Mayer very early in the Society's history and were bound into volumes 
known from the color of the binding as Black, Brown, or Red. Another large 
collection of letters was received from Annapolis by the Society, largely 
through the efforts of Mr. J. W. M. Lee about 1883. These letters were not 
untied until the late autumn of 1922 and the collection has not been used in 
any previous volume of the Archives. At some time in the future, it may 
appear desirable to issue a volume containing the supplemental material to the 
first four volumes of this Revolutionary Series. 

In the early volumes of this sub-series of the Archives, the Journal of the 
Council for each day was followed by letters sent by the Council and those 
addressed by the Council upon that day. The plan has now been changed and 



vi Letter of Transmission. 

letters addressed to the Council are placed together and chronologically. The 
less important of these letters are printed only in abstract. The date when 
these answers are sent is not that when the Council received them and to try 
to place these with the Journal on the date of receipt would be confusing and 
would often only be done by conjecture. The result of this change in the 
method of printing is that a part of the letters to the Council for this period 
will be printed in a subsequent volume of the Archives, since to include them in 
this volume would have swelled it to an unwieldly size. 

There are few special studies of this period. The editor's " Western Mary- 
land in the Revolution " appeared in 1902 in the Johns Hopkins Studies in 
Historical and Political Science (Series XX No. i). Beverly W. Bond, Jr., 
is the author of a useful monograph in these Studies upon the " State Govern- 
ment in Maryland 1777-1781." (Series XXIH No. HI— 1905). 

There are few printed sources of importance which need reference. Some 
letters from Washington to Mordecai Gist appeared in I Md. Hist. Mag. at 
page 40 and Gist's Plan for reorganization of the Continental Army was 
printed in 3 Mag. Hist. (2nd Series) at page 270. A letter from Otto Holland 
Williams to Alexander Hamilton of August 30, 1780, is printed in the latter's 
Official and Other Papers I (1842) p. 424. 

During the period covered by this volume, Maryland refused to sign the 
Articles of Confederation and her refusal was treated brilliantly by the late 
Herbert B. Adams in the Fund Publications and the J. H. U. Studies. In April, 
1910, A. M. Dyer in the N. E. His. Gen. Reg. at page 167 treated the same 
subject in an article upon " First Ownership of This Land." 

The period is rather a dreary one, but one editing manuscripts (or reading 
them when edited) must bear in mind the wise saying of Prof. George P. 
Fisher that : " We must take history as it is and not seek to read into it our 
reasonings and inferences. If we do not find philosophers self consistent, we 
must let them remain self inconsistent, instead of altering their systems to 
suit our ideas of logical harmony." 

The interest in the work of the Council for 1780 is rather economic than 
military. We learn much of how the armies were fed and clothed and of the 
efforts to prevent extortionate prices for grain. The depreciation of the con- 
tinental paper currency is noteworthy. A decided difficulty arose between the 
men who were buying grain for the American Army and those who were 
purchasing it for the French fleet and many letters passed upon that subject. 

Joseph Walker, on February 3, 1780, offered Gov. Lee woolen cloth for 

uniforms and the sample which he submitted is as fast as if woven yesterday. 

The permits to trade with Bermuda, an archipelago which did not produce 

grain for the sustenance of its inhabitants, form an unusual feature of the war. 



Letter of Transmission. vii 

Many persons obtained permission to cross the lines and go to New York 
City, which was held by the British. A specimen of such passes is given 
herewith : 

Annapolis, Maryland 3d February 1780. In Council 

Leave is hereby given to Mrs. Achsah Chamier Widow of Daniel Chamier 
Esquire deceased, to ship from New York on Board an unarmed Vessel, and 
therein to transport to the Road off Annapolis, the Household Furniture, 
wearing Apparel and other Goods mentioned in the List hereto annexed ; She 
having made Affidavit that the same (except a few Articles that belong to her 
Daughter Mrs. Elizabeth McCall v^^ho lived with her while in New York) are 
her own Property, and having executed a Bond, in the Penalty of 20000 
Pounds, with good Securities, that she will not dispose of the same in the 
way of Trade and Merchandise — Mrs. Chamier has Liberty to reship the said 
Goods, in Hampton Road on Board Bay Craft, to be transported to Baltimore 
Town. 

Tho. Sim. Lee 

To the editor of this volume the fact is of interest that on page 295 appears 
the first reference in the series to any of his ancestors in the direct male line, 
for Capt. John Stoner, there referred to, used two spellings of his family name 
and his descendants in Maryland have kept to the original one — Steiner. 

In an admirable article by George Macauley Trevelyan, which appeared in 
the English Magazine History for July, 1924, that able historian wrote : " The 
use of history is to train the minds of men by a just contemplation of the 
past." " There are, roughly speaking, these three parts of the historian's work : 
Collection of the facts (scientific). Interpretation, and Exposition (literary)." 
" To weigh the stars, or to make ships sail below the sea, is not a more astonish- 
ing and ennobling performance on the part of the human race in these latter 
days, than to know the course of events that had been long forgotten, and the 
true nature of men and women who were here before us." To aid in the 
scientific part of the work and thus to assist in enabling men to have " a just 
contemplation of the past " is the purpose of this publication of the State's 
Archives. 

The Index to this volume has been prepared, as is our usual custom, by the 
editor, who has solaced himself in the tedium of so doing with the thought 
expressed in the Times (London) Literary Supplement for July 3, 1924: " No 
literary labor can be more onerous or less inspiring than index-making : it is 
the kind of work with which the Greeks and Romans would have saddled their 
galley slaves had the index been as necessary in ancient times as it is today." 

Samuel K. Dennis. 
Bernard C. Steiner, 
John M. Vincent, 

Committee on Puhlication. 



JOURNAL AND CORRESPONDENCE 

OF THE 

COUNCIL OF MARYLAND 

October 2/, i//g-November ii, lySo. 



Wednesday, 27 October, 1779. Liber C B 

No. 23 

[Thomas Johnson, Governor, Thomas Sim Lee, James Brice, Daniel p- 7o 

Carroll, Edward Lloyd, and James Hindman, Councillors.] ber 27 

[Lee was 
Present as on yesterday absent] 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Lieut John 
Jeremiah Jacob two thousand Dollars to be delivered over to the 
Rev** M*" Armstrong- Chaplaine to Gen' Gists Brigade in leiw of the 
Articles for the Present year allowed by the Act of Assembly — 

By General Gists Return of the 2^ Maryland Brigade Sepf iS'** 
1779 the non Commiss** Officers and Privates are 

Second Regim' 392 @ 2o£ each 7840 

4 Regim* 418 and the 6'^ Reg* 305 14460 
there were a number of Recruits expected allow 10 

Men for ea Reg' 600 



£22900 



Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Lieut John 
Jeremiah Jacob Twenty two thousand nine hundred Pounds, six 
thousand three hundred Pounds part thereof to be retained by him as 
Paymaster to the 6'*' Regim' Eight thousand and forty Pounds other 
part thereof he is to pay over to Capt Lilburn Williams Paymaster 
to the 2^ & the residue being Eight thousand five hundred and Sixty 
Pounds he is to pay over to Lieut John Hamilton Paymaster to the 
4''' Maryland Regim' to be by the said Paymasters delivered over to 
the non commissioned Officers & Privates of those Regiments. — 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said Lieut John Jeremiah 
Jacob two thousand Dollars to be delivered over to Brigadier Gen' 
Gist the all^ made him by the G' Assembly 

Summons issued to Abraham Whitacre, Benjamin Bradford 
Norris, John Selby, Walter Taylor, William Wells, David ?^IcSwain 



2 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B & Obediah Pritchard of Harford County to Testify on the Hearing 
No. 23 q£ ^j^g Complaint of Thomas Dorsey complaining of an undue and 
irregular Election of Sheriffs for Harford County — 

Lieut Thomas Cromwell is appointed Capt Lieut to the 4''' Mary- 
land Regiment 

John Hamilton first Lieut and John Randall Ensign in the same 
Reg' 

Samuel Hamilton is appointed Ensign in the 6'** Regim* 
Capt Lieut Benjamin Price is appointed Capt. in the 2^ Maryl*^ 
Regim' 

L* John Gassaway is appointed Capt Lieut in same Regim* 
William Woolford is appointed a first Lieut in D° 

Thomas Boyd son of Abraham Ensign in D° 

Zedekiah Moore is app'^ Ensign in D° and 

Edmund Compton is app*^ an Ensign in the i Maryland Regiment 
This Board do approve the above Appointments and request Com- 
missions may issue accordingly from the Board of War — 

Liber C C [Council to Gen. William Smallw^ood] 

p 33 In Council Annapolis 27"" Ocf 1779 

Sir We have inclosed you a Letter to his Excell^ Gen' Washing- 
ton, requesting that a fourth Company of Artillery may be formed 
of the three we have at Camp, to be commanded by a Major; there 
are Men enough for it & still to spare and it will give an Opportunity 
of gratifying the Officers of Brown's & Dorsey's Companies, who 
complain, with, at least, a Shew of Reason, and we shall then keep 
our own Men together. We request the Favor of you to deliver the 
Letter at a proper Time and, as far as you may think it right, join 
in our Request to the General. We are &i^^ 

[Council to Gen'l G. Washington] 

p. 34 Sir. On hearing that the two Companies of Matrosses kept here 
and at Baltimore by this State, were directed by the Assembly to be 
incorporated and sent into the Continental Service, Cap* Lieu* James 
Smith of Brown's Company & Cap' Lieu' Edward Finley of Dorsey's 
Company, wrote to the Governor proposing their Pretensions to rise, 
if any Appointments were to take Place in that Company. The Man- 
ner of their Writing, it being with great Temper on what they 
esteemed an interesting Point of Right, is a Confirmation, in some 
Degree, of what we have heard of their Merit : before we received 
their Letter, the Company was commissioned, and that, as we con- 
ceive, in the Manner we should have been obliged to commission it, 
if we had received the Letter, immediately on the Act of Assembly 



of the Council of Maryland. 3 

passing. It is much our Desire to remove every good Ground for Liber C C 
Complaint amongst our Officers and perhaps, as to the Artillery ^^- ^^ 
Officers from Maryland, it might be done by making, of the three 
Maryland Companies, a fourth, the whole to be considered as one 
Corps under the Command of a Major; this would leave Room to 
place every Officer in the Situation he thinks himself entitled to, each 
Company would still have more Men than the Establishment and we 
apprehend, it would be more convenient for every Purpose. If your 
Excellency should entertain the same Sentiments, we shall be obliged 
to you to regulate this Matter in the proposed Way, or to recommend 
it so that it may be done. We have the Honor to be with the most 
perfect Esteem & Respect &''* 

[Council to Board of War] p. 34 

Gent. Col° Hall of the 4*"^ Maryland Regiment, some Time since, 
wrote us, " M"" James Smith's Resignation dated 20*^ June 177Q and 
" M*" Nathaniel Twining's dated i** June 1779 leaves a Cap* Lieu- 
" tenancy and a first Lieutenancy vacant. Lieutenant Cromwell is 
" entitled to the Cap^ Lieutenancy and M"" John Hamilton, who has 
" acted as Paymaster to my Regim* these two years and by the Ar- 
" rangement appointed to an Ensigncy is by Promotion, entitled to 
" the first vacant Lieutenancy." In another Letter CoP Hall recom- 
mends M"" John Randall for a Commission in the same Regiment; 
we approve the Promotions and appoint M"" Randall to an Ensigncy 
in the fourth Maryland Regiment and request Commissions may 
issue accordingly. Col° Williams of the sixth Maryland Regiment 
writes the 14*^ Inst. " Some Time in August, I furnished Major 
" General the Baron D^Kalb with a List of Vacancies in the Mary- 
" land Line, to be transmitted to your Excellency ; the Officers who 
'* are entitled to Promotion are impatient for their new Commis- 
" sions and I am sorry to inform you there are Losses, where, for 
" want of them. Officers do not that Duty which otherwise might be 
" expected and would be done with Satisfaction. M'' Samuel Hamil- 
" ton, whom I took the Liberty to recommend for the Commission 
" of Ensign about the first of June last and whose Name was after- 
" wards inserted in a List of those to be recommended to the Board 
" of War, has been doing Duty in my Regim* since the first of 
" August; if my Recommendation is not rejected, M'' Hamilton will 
" bear Rank in the Regiment next after M"" Lynn." We have not p. 35 
received the List mentioned to have been furnished to Major Gen' 
the Baron D^Kalb ; we could wish, if the List has been transmitted 
to your Board that the Officers entitled to Promotion mav have their 
Commissions. We approve M'' Samuel Hamilton and appoint him 
an Ensign in the sixth Maryland Regiment and desire his Commis- 
sion may issue. Lieu* Col° Thomas Woolford of the 2^ Maryland 



4 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C Regiment writes the 14'^ Inst. " Cap' Lieu' Benjamin Price, from 
No. 22 " ^j^g Resignation of Cap' Wright, who resigned the first of July 
" 79. is entitled to a full Captaincy and Lieu' John Gassaway from 
" the same Date, entitled to Cap' Lieu' and Ensign William Wool- 
" ford with the Rank of second Lieu' entitled to a first Lieutenancy 
" from the Resignation of Lieut. John Read, who resigned ii"" Ap' 
" 1779." be pleased to issue the Commissions accordingly. Col. Wool- 
ford also in -another Letter recommends M"" Zedekiah Moore as 
Ensign in the second Maryland Regiment; we approve & appoint 
him. General Gist has recommended Thomas Boyd Son of Abraham 
for an Ensigncy in the second Maryland Regiment, we approve and 
appoint him and request his Commission to issue. General Small- 
wood mentions that Edmond Compton has acted for some Time by 
Brevet as Ensign in the first Maryland Regiment, we approve and 
appoint him an Ensign in that Regiment and request he may be 
commissioned. We are apprehensive the only Way to settle the 
Rank in these new Appointments will be to leave it to the Officers 
of the Division or with the General commanding it and we wish it 
to be so if it can be done with Propriety. 



Liber C B Thursday 28"" October 1779 

No. 23 _ ,^ , 

p. 70 Present as on Yesterday — 

October 28 Commission issued to Joshua Seney elected Sheriff of Queen 

Anns County 

Francis Osborn who was of Simms's Company of the old Maryl*^ 
Regim' was brought before the Board and on Examination appear- 
ing to be in no sort fit for the Service nor likely to be so. It is ordered 
that he be not interrupted but permitted to go at Large at his own 
Will and Pleasure — 
p. 71 M*" Thomas Wright of Queen Ann's County having resigned his 
Commission as Register of Wills of said County per Letter dated 
26"" Ocf 1779 This Board have appointed Samuel Turbutt Wright 
of same County to succed him and Commission issued to him 
accordingly — 

Sir, By Virtue of the Resolution of Congress of the 9th Day of 
this Instant and this order pay to M*" John Smith forty thousand 
Pounds to be delivered over to Col° Richard Dallam and by him to 
be expended in the Purchase of Flour and Wheat for the Continen- 
tal Army — To Thomas Harwood Esq*" Cont' Treasurer in the State 
of Maryland — 

Summons issued for Thomas Duckett, James Mullikin, Thomas 
Boyd, Hugh Lyon & James Beck of Prince Georges County to Tesf 
on the Hearing of the Petition of Fielder Bowie complaining of an 
undue & irregular Election for Sheriffs of said County — 



of the Council of Maryland. 5 

[Council to Richard Dallam Esqr.] Liber CC 

No. 22 

Sir. We yesterday received your Letters of the 2(y^ and send you p. 35 
by M"" John Smith the Bearer of them £40000. which is within £20 
of the whole in the Continental Treasury and ours is not at present 
able to assist it. We see the destructive Tendency of making Con- 
tracts to be setled by the Rise of the Market and, pressing as the 
Occasion is for Flour, will risk every Thing rather than concur in 
such ruinous Measures and therefore request you'll make no further 
Engagements on which the Price is to depend at all on any future 
Contingency. The Assembly may probably take up this Matter next 
Week and, if it is suffered to go on without any Restraint on Avarice, 
we had rather the Evil should be continued as well as begun by any 
Body, other than those of our Appointment ; nor are we anxious for 
your extending your Purchase of Wheat (as you have enough to 
keep the Mills going for a while) at the exorbitant Price, 'til we see 
whether any Thing is done by the Assembly. M*" Giles wrote for a 
Licence and it would have been sent him, if he had enclosed his Ap- 
pointment, but for Want of it, the License could not issue. The 
Wheat you have you'll have ground and forward to the Army with 
all Expedition 

Friday 29 October 1779 October 29 

Liber C B 
Present as on Yesterday No. 23 

James Martin, William Horsey, Levin Handy & Nathaniel Potter, P" ''' 
Licenced separately appointed by Conrad Theo. Wederstrandt Assis- 
tant Commissary of Purchases under a Commission from Ephraim 
Blaine, as Deputies under said C. T. Wederstrandt. 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Col° Normand 
Bruce three hundred Pounds to be delivered over to Capt Richard 
Haff for the use of the Militia Guard over the Magazine near 
Frederick Town and to be accounted for 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Woolf Six Pounds to be chausee 

delivered over to Alexander Ogg. the Bountv allowed by the Gen- Corps was a 
, , , , , • ,• • ^ • ' company of 

eral Assembly for mlistmg one Recruit cavalry be- 

That the said Treasurer pay to Daniel Carroll Esquire five hun- [heTroopTof 
dred and forty Pounds on Account. Charles 

William Pendergast who was Commissary of the ist Maryland Marquis' de 
Brigade is appointed Ensign in the 5th Maryland Regim' & Jacob la Rouarie, 
Mitinger who was a Lieut of Horse in the Marechausee Corps is chiefly ap- 
appointed Ensign in the 3*^ Maryland Regiment and it is requested pertained to 
that Commissions may issue to them accordingly from the Board the army, 
of War — .See Los's- 

. . mgs Pictor- 
The Petition of Thomas Hopkms of Talbot County complammg ial Field- 

of an undue and unfair Election of Sheriffs for said County having ^°°^, °}. *^ 

. ■' ^ Revolution, 

this Day been presented to the Governor & Council p. 260] 



6 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B It is ordered that a Copy of said Petition and the List therein re- 
No. 23 fgi-j-ej jQ ^ Lodged therewith and of this order be served on John 
Needles in the said Petition mentioned on or before Tuesday the 
2<* Day of November next and that Saturday the 13* Day of Novem- 
ber next be appointed for a hearing on the said Petition and that 
such Summons's as shall be applied for by either Party issue for 
Witnesses — 

Liber C C [Council to Conrad Theodore Wederstrandt Esqr] 

No. 22 
P- 36 Sir. We enclose you the Licences desired — The Accounts we have 
of the Purchase from every Part agree pretty much with the State 
of it in yours. As you have wrote to Col. Blaine on the Subject of 
Col. Hemsley's Flour, we hope he'll give you precise Orders with 
Respect to it ; for our Parts we cannot bring ourselves to advise Con- 
tracts for Prices to depend on Contingencies; the Power of the 
Assembly only is adequate to the Occasion, and much depends on 
their exerting it — 



Liber C B Saturday 30*^ October 1779 

No. 23 
p. 71 Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert Reith 
Thirty six Pounds, nine shillings and two pence for 2^ Months 
Salary as Messenger to the Governor & Council to the 7**^ Novem"" 
next being the end of his year and also the further Sum of Fifteen 
Pounds in Advance according to a Resolution of the General 
Assembly — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Alexander Contee Hanson Esq*" 

p. 72 one hundred and fifty six Pounds five shillings for 2 M° Salary as 

Judge of the General Court to the 23"^ Ocf and also the further Sum 

of nine hundred and six Pounds, five shillings in advance agreeable 

to a Resol*" of the last General Assembly — 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Nicholas Thomas 
Esquire one thousand six hundred and Eighty Pounds "p Advance 
agreeable to a Reso. of the last Gen' Ass^ 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Brice Esquire fifty four 
Pounds due him for his Attendance in Council to this Day — 

Commission of Letter of Marque and Reprisal issued to John 
Nichols Comm'' of the Schooner Betsey 90 Tons burthen, navigated 
with 1 1 Men, mounting 6 Carriage and 6 Swivel Guns, belonging 
to Henry Nichols, Charles Cruckshanks Christ° and Robert John- 
ston of the State of Maryland — dated 25 Sep'' last — 



of the Council of Maryland. 7 

Monday i*' November 1779 Liijcr C B 

_ _ , No. 23 

Present as on Saturday — November i 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt Willis 
Newton Sixty two Pounds and nine pence half penny due him per 
Ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud"" 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt Beriah Maybury One hun- 
dred Pounds, fourteen shillings and nine pence per Account passed 
by the Dep^ Aud. and also the further Sum of one hundred Pounds 
on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Fowler one hundred and 
forty two Pounds, seventeen shillings and six Pence for the use of 
Flora Fowler and also the further Sum of one hundred and five 
Pounds for the use of Frances Campbell per Accounts passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Horner Thirteen Pounds 
ten shillings for the use of Grafton Preston who was lately a Sol- 
dier in the 4'** Maryland Regim' for 9 M° and was regularly dis- 
charged allowed him in leiw of Cloathing by an Act of Assembly to 
procure Troops for the American Army — 

Tuesday 2^ November 1779 November 2 

Present as on Yesterday Tho Sim Lee Esq'' Attended. 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Edward Lloyd 
Esquire one hundred and sixteen Pounds, seven shillings and six 
Pence per Account passed by the Aud G' and also the further Sum 
of one hundred and Eighty three Pounds on Account. 

Commission issued to Zach^ Forrest elected Sheriff for Saint 
Mary's County 

On hearing the Petition of Thomas Dorsey complaining against 
the election of Sheriffs for Harford County and the Proof and Alle- 
gations offered by him and James Horner the Person who is re- 
turned as having the greatest number of Votes and examining the 
Witnesses produced by them and deliberately considering the same 
none of the Petitioners who subscribed the Petition signed by 
Edmund Talbot & others Inhabitants of Harford County having 
Attended It is by this Board unanimously adjudged that the said 
Election for Sheriffs of Harford County begun and held on Monday 
the fourth day of October last was not made fairly & freely and 
agreeable to the Constitution of this State and therefore that a new 
Writ of Election for Sheriffs for the said County issue agreeable to p. -j^ 
the Directions of the Form of Government and the Act of Assembly 
in such Case made & Provided — 

On hearing the Petition of Fielder Bowie alledging that the last 
Election for Sheriffs for Prince George's Countv was not fairlv 



8 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B conducted, and praying that the same might be set aside and hearing 
No. 23 j.j^g g^jj^ Fielder Bowie and also Thomas Williams returned as hav- 
ing the greatest number of Votes at the said Election and Examining 
such Witnesses as were produced by the Parties and duly consider- 
ing the same and the Allegations of the Parties, It is adjudged by 
this Board that the said Election was fairly and freely made and is a 
valid Election. 

Liber C C [Council to The Hon'ble. Nicholas Thomas Esqr.] 

No. 22 
p. 36 Sir. We understood there are several Arms in your Neighbour- 
hood which belong to the Public and were left there by Men who 
were in the Marine Service of the State ; we shall be obliged to you 
to take any such Arms into your Possession and send them over to 
the State Armourer, by some convenient Opportunity. T. J. 



November 3 Wednesday 3'' November 1779 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday — except Edward Lloyd Esq'' 
P" ^^ Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Henry Hooper 
Esqr. Twenty seven Pounds seventeen shillings and Six Pence p 
Acct. passed by the D. Aud. 

In consequence of the Determination on the Petition against the 
Election for Sheriffs for Harford County a Writ of Election hath 
this Day issued to the Justices of said County for reholding the same 
Election — • 

November 4 Thursday 4'h November 1779 

Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to John Fowler 
Fifty two Pounds, ten shillings for the use of M" Tuttle per Account 
passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Cornelius Mills one hundred & 
fifty Pounds on Ace' 

Commission of a Letter of Marque and Reprisal issued to Joseph 
Faribault Commander of the Brig the Lady De Miralles 80 Tons 
burthen, navigated by 34 Men mounting 10 Carriage Guns, 8 Swiv- 
els and 19 Small Arms, belonging to John Dorsey and Company of 
Baltimore, dated 25"" Sepf 1779. 



November 5 Friday 5 November 1779 — 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to John Randall 
Twenty three thousand four hundred and fifty one Pounds, five 



of the Council of Maryland. 9 

shillings to be by him expended in the Purchase of Cloathing for Lit>cr C B 
the Maryland Troops in the Continental Army "• ^^ 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Hanson Esq"" Two thousanrl 
Dollars for the use of Col° Thomas Price of the 2^ Maryland Regi- 
ment the Allowance made by the late Act of Assembly 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Muir nine hundred and fifty 
six Pounds, five shillings on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Roper one hundred and 
thirty eight Pounds due him per Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Hyde ninty three Pounds 
fifteen shillings due him for 3 Months Salary. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James West Two thousand and ten 
Pounds due him per Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

Commissions issued to William Hall elected Sheriff of Kent p. 74 
County and also to Henry Downes elected Sheriff of Caroline 
County — 

Mem° a Deduction of £400 to be made from the Sum due from 
M"" James Williams for the purchase of the Gallies for Cordage 
short of Invent^ 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Henry Downes 
four Pounds, nine shillings and two pence for the use of Solomon 
Askin p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 



Saturday 6 November 1779 November 6 

Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered that the Treasurer of the Eastern shore deliver over into 
the Hands of the Treasurer of the western shore all the Money in 
his Hands as Treasurer belonging to this State over and above the 
Sum of five thousand Pounds and that the Treasurer of the western 
shore pass Duplicate Receipts therefor one of which to be lodged 
with the Aud General that proper Entries may be made 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Sim Lee Esquire 
one hundred and fifty six Pounds due him for his Attendance in 
Council to this Day Inclusive — 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Randall, ninteen thousand 
five hundred and forty Pounds, sixteen shillings and six Pence on 
Ace* and to be applied in Payment for Cloathing purchased by him 
for the use of the Maryland Troops in the Continental Service — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker Sixty Pounds on 
Account. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to William Bruff Esquire 
the amount of Twenty nine Pounds, ten shillings in Cloathing for 
the use of William Smyth who was a 9 Months Soldier in the 5* 



lo Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Maryland Regiment and now regularly Discharged due him per 
^°- ^^ Act of Assembly to procure Troops for the American Army — 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Serjeant John 
Plant of the i** Regim' as much Cloth as will make a Waistcoat & 
Breeches 

Sir, Please to pay to M"" John Randall or his Order, three thou- 
sand four hundred and thirty five Pounds due to this State for the 
Cannon &c & 120 lbs of Shott furnished Capt Michels the Shott at 
£5 -plb. 

To M"" William Smith Baltimore 

Thomas Gantt the 4*^ of Prince Georges County in the State of 
Maryland is appointed an Ensign in the sixth Maryland Regim* of 
Continental Troops and it is requested that a Commission may issue 
to him accordingly from the Board of War — 

Commission issued to Samuel Hanson son of John appointed 
Surveyor of Frederick County — 
p. 75 William Armitage enlisted by Serjeant Richard Welsh for the 
Matross Service in this State having appeared before the Governor 
and Council is adjudged by them unfit for Service and therefore is 
hereby Discharged on his refunding all Expences accruing on his 
Inlistm' 

Liber C C [Council to Henry Dickinson Esqr, Treasurer of the Eastern Shore] 
^p. 36 Sir. We inclose you an Order for the Removal of all the Public 
Money in your Hands beyond £5000 into the Western Shore Treas- 
ury; the Demand for it here is pressing and we request it may be 
done as soon as may be We are &*^^ 



November 8 Monday 8 November 1779 

No. 23 Present as on Saturday — 

P''''' Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to John Clarke 
Sixty eight Pounds twelve shillings and Six Pence due him p Ac- 
count passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

Upton Sheredine Esq"" from the Senate inform his Excellency that 
a sufficient number of Members are met to Proceed to Business — 

M*" Hall and M'' John Hanson from the House of Delegates also 
inform his Excellency the House of Delegates are ready to Proceed 
to Business — 

On the second Monday of November being the 8* Day of the same 
Month, The Senate and House of Delegates, agreeable to the Form 
of Government and Laws of the State, Proceeded to the choice of a 
Governor, when the Honorable Thomas Sim Lee Esquire was elected 
in the room [of] Thomas Johnson Esquire, whose Time expired by 
the Constitution and Form of Government. 



of the Council of Maryland. II 

On Tuesday following being the (f" of November The General Liber C B 
Assembly Proceeded to the choice of the Council to the Governor {Jovcmher 
and The Hoiiable John H. Stone, Jeremiah Townly Chase, James 
Brice, Daniel Carroll and John Brice Esquires were elected — 



Wednesday lo*'' November 1779 — November 

10 

James Brice, Daniel Carroll and John Brice Esq" elected Mem- 
bers of the Council to the Governor appeared and Qualified, as such, 
by taking the several Oaths required &'' as per Certificates produced 
and filed. 

Permission granted in Pursuance of the Recommendation of Con- 
gress of the 2^ of October, to the Sloop James, commanded by 
Shadrack Ames, to Lade and transport to Virginia, for the use of 
that State ; a Cargo of Flour a Manifest of such Cargo, being Lodged 
in the Naval Office at Baltimore, and the Vessel, there cleared out, 
and a Bond being given to this State in the Penalty of One thousand 
Pounds with good and sufficient Security Conditioned that if the 
said Cargo shall be delivered to the proper Officer appointed to re- 
ceive the same in Virginia, the Danger of the Voyage excepted and 
that a Certificate of such Delivery from the Board of War of the 
said State of Virginia, shall be produced to the Governor and Coun- 
cil of this State within two Months from the Time of the said Vessel 
clearing out, then the Obligation to be void &''* 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Col° John 
Stull Six Pounds, two shillings and six Pence to be delivered over 
to Abraham Lyder, Eighty nine Pounds, eight shillings and nine 
Pence to be delivered over to Abraham Lyder for the use of himself 
& Compy and One hundred and three Pounds thirteen shillings and 
four Pence to be delivered over to George Cellar for the use of him- 
self and Compy due them per Accounts passed by the Aud. Gen' 

[Council to Charles G. Griffith Esqr. Lieut, of Montgomery County] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir. We think it proper that you should still hold the Company p. 39 
of Militia lately ordered out, in Readiness, subject to the Call of 
Col° Rawlings, who is appointed to command the Guard over the 
Prisoners at Fort Frederick. We received the other Day, Intelli- 
gence from the Board of War, that they had not then been able to 
procure a Guard for the Prisoners but expected to do it in a few 
Days, so that, by this Time, we expect they are on their Way. 

We cannot make out the Commissions you request, 'til we know 
how the Vacancies arise, you will please to be particular with Re- 
spect to them, whether they arise by Death, Resignation, Removal or 
Substitutes 



November 
II 



12 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Thursday ii November 1779 

No. 23 ^^ , 

p. 77 Present as on Yesterday. — 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt John 
Merekin the amount of Twenty nine Pounds, ten shilHngs in Cloath- 
ing to be delivered over to Thomas Humphries late a 9 months Sol- 
dier in the 7 Maryland Regiment, now discharged due him by Act 
of Assembly to procure Troops for the American Army. 



November Friday 12"" November 1779 

12 

Present as on Yesterday. — 

Pass was granted to Major Samuel Caldwell to attend M" Grizzle 
Taggert to New York in consequence of a Resolve of the House of 
Delegates ii"" Inst. 

His Excellency qualified in Presence of Both Houses of the As- 
sembly by taking the several Oaths required and making a Declara- 
tion of his belief in the Christian Religion — 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Matthew 
Driver for the use of the following 9 Months Soldiers the amount 
of the annexed Sums in Cloathing — 

Sampson Dixon of the 7th Regiment, Twenty seven Pounds, 
Thomas Conner of 7* Regim* Twenty seven Pounds, Foster Boon 
p. 78 of 2"^ Reg' Eleven Pounds, thirteen shillings and six Pence, David 
Swift of the s'*" Reg' Twenty nine Pounds ten shillings, Alexander 
Leith of the 7 Reg' Twenty Eight Pounds, Thomas Bevan of the 
7"" Reg' Twenty seven Pounds ten shillings. Thomas Heins of the 
7 Reg' Twenty nine Pounds ten shillings Charles Walker of the 
7 Reg' Twenty six Pounds, Dennis Callahan of the 5"" Reg' Twenty 
nine Pounds ten shillings, John Gibson of the 5''' Reg' Twenty nine 
Pounds ten shillings and William Edgel of the 5 Regim' Twenty 
eight Pounds, ten shillings due them by An Act of Assembly to pro- 
cure Troops for the American Army. — 

Liber C C [Council to The Ofiicer Commanding at Elizabeth Town] 

p_39 Sir. Agreeable to the enclosed Resolve, we request you to grant 
Licence to M" Grizzle Tagart with her three Children to go into 
the City of New York and to Major Samuel Caldwell to attend them 
and to return. 



November Saturday 13"^ November 1779 

13 
Liber C B Present as on Yesterday. — 

^ p. 78 Ordered That M^ John Randall State or Sub Cloathier be directed 

to purchase on the best Terms proper Cloth sufficient to make up 



of the Council of Maryland. 13 

the Number of two thousand pair of Socks for the use of the Sol- Lil>er C B 
diers of the Quota of the State in the Continental Army— °' ^^ 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to the above John Randall 
one thousand Pounds to be expended in the Purchase for the use of 
the Army and Accounted for. — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker One hundred 
and seventeen Pounds due him per Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° William Hemsley two thou- 
sand seven hundred and ninety Eight Pounds, ninteen shillings and 
three Pence to be accounted for. — 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Matthew Driver Esq'' 
the amount of Twenty nine Pounds, ten shillings in Cloathing to be 
delivered over to Joseph Everitt who was a 9 M" Soldier in the 2^ 
Maryland Regiment and now regularly discharged due him by An 
Act of Assembly to procure Troops for the American Army. 

Commissions issued to John Addison appointed Col° John 
Hawkins Lowe L* Col° John Magruder Burgess Maj"" — Charles 
Clagett Capt in the room of John M. Burgess, Philip Sprigg i Lieut, 
James Drane Jun'' 2^ Lieut, Elisha Berry Ens. — Thomas Willcoxen 
son of Jacob Ens. of Capt Mich' Lowes Com^ — Benj^ White 2^ 
Lieut & William Wells Ens. of Capt Joseph White Clagetts Comp'' 
and Samuel Hanson Ens. of Capt Clement Wheeler's Comp^ belong- 
ing to Middle Battalion of Militia Prince Georges County — 

On hearing the Petition of Thomas Hopkins of Talbot County, 
Complaining that the Election of Sheriffs for that County was not 
made agreeable to the Constitution and Laws of this State and pray- 
ing that the said Election might be set aside &c. and on examining, 
and hearing the Witnesses produced by the said Petitioner, and on 
hearing the Allegations of both Parties — This Board to adjud[g]e 
the said Election of Sheriffs for Talbot County, valid, and effectual. 
Notwithstanding any Matter or Thing AUedged and Proved on the 
said hearing. — 

Commission issued to John Needles elected Sheriff of Talbot 
County — 

Monday 15 November 1779 November 

15 
Present as on Saturday — 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Hems- 
ley Esq"" seven hundred & twenty seven Pounds, three shillings & one 
Penny Bal^ of Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Green Fifty four Pounds, 
eleven shillings, and three Pence p Acco* passed by the Dep^ Aud*" 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt John p. 79 
Smoot seventy four Pounds to be delivered over to John Hicks 



14 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Traverse and sixteen Pounds, seventeen shillings and six Pence to 
^^ be delivered over to Thomas Kirvi^an per Accounts passed by the 
Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Muir nine thousand eight 
hundred and tvi^enty four Pounds seven shillings and six Pence to be 
delivered over to John Randall to pay for Cloth purchased by him 
for the use of the Army on Account. 

Thomas Johnson Jun'' appointed Clerk to the Governor and Coun- 
cil and Qualified by taking the several Oaths required by Law and 
Certificate filed. 



November Tuesday 16''' November 1779 

16 

Present as on Yesterday. — 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Tuck 
Seventy five Pounds for the use of M^* Sands "p Account passed by 
the DepJ' Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt Stephen Shelmerdine six 
thousand Pounds to be delivered over to Capt George Keeports to be 
expended in the Purchase of Linen for the use of the Maryland 
Troops in the Continental Army to be accounted for. — 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said Stephen Shelmerdine three 
hundred and fourteen Pounds to be expended in the recruiting 
Service and charged to the 4''' Regiment on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Thomas Cromwell Two 
thousand Dollars for the use of John Ross Surgeons Mate to the 
4*'' Regim* in leiw of the Articles for the present year. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Thomas Cromwell of the 
^th j^ggt Three hundred and Twenty nine Pounds to be expended in 
the Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

John Hoskins Stone and Jeremiah Townly Chase Esquires elected 
Members of the Council by the General Assembly, attended and 
Qualified by making a Declaration of their Belief in the Christian 
Religion, taking, repeating, and Subscribing the several Oaths re- 
quired by the Constitution and Laws of this State as p Cert^ produced 
and filed. — 

Ordered that the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Thomas 
Cromwell of the 4''' Regim* 25 pair of Shoes for the said Regim' — 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Samuel Shipley 
lately a nine Months Soldier in the 6"" Regim* Discharged the 
amount of Twenty four Pounds, three shillings and four Pence in 
Cloathing due him by the Act to procure Troops for the American 
Army. — 



of the Council of Maryland. 1 5 

Permission is hereby granted to Lade on board the Schooner Lii<cr C B 
Kitty of the burthen of Twenty Tons or thereabouts belonging to ^" ^^ 
Joseph Dowson a Cargoe of Flour, Potatoes Turnips and other 
Vegatables and the same, to clear out, and transport in her to, and 
for the use of the Fleet and Army of his most Christian Majesty, the 
Captain of the said Schooner previous to his Lading on Boarrl any 
of the said Articles giving Bond payable to this State in the Penalty 
of Ten thousand Pounds, Conditioned that if the said Cargoe shall 
be delivered on board the Fleet of his most Christian Majesty, the 
Danger of the Seas and Enemies only excepted, and shall within 
four Months from the Date of such Bond produce to the Governor 
and Council of this State, a Certificate under the Hand of a Captain 
a Commanding Officer of some one of the Ships of War of the said 
Fleet or some Officer of the said Fleet of Higher Rank of such 
Delivery then such Bond to be void else of full Force — and the 
Captain of the said Schooner also making Oath before the Naval p. 80 
Officer who shall clear out the said Vessel at or before the Time of 
her clearing out that he will use his utmost Endeavours to prevent 
the said Cargoe or any Part thereof falling into the Hands of the 
Enemy, and will deliver the same if in his Power, to or on board 
some of the said Fleet. 

[Council to Mr. John Randall] Liber C C 

Sir. We are much surprized to hear M*" Faw has purchased Linen P- 39 
altogether improper for the Use of our Troops : Directions will be 
given to M"" Faw, by this Opportunity, to make no more Shirts of 
that Kind of Linen, but to send what he has, immediately, to the 
Care of Cap' Keeports. We wish you to purchase the Cloth and 
Blankets of Mess""* Smith and Jefiferies without Loss of Time; the 
surplus Cloth, after making up the Deficiency for Overalls and 
Socks, you are to leave with Cap* Keeports, with an Invoice of the 
Quantity and Quality. 

[Council to Capt Geo. P. Keeports] 

Sir. Cap* Shelmerdine will deliver over to you six thousand 
Pounds, to enable you to continue your Purchase of Linen, which 
we wish you particularly to attend to, as there is Reason to believe 
there will not be the Supplies from other Purchasers, we had Reason 
to expect. When you make up your Accounts, we hope you will 
make it convenient to ride down, and we will endeavour to supply 
Cloaths for the Soldiers from the State Store. M'' Crisall has Orders 
to forward Beef by the first Opportunity, as it is probable that 
Article may be laid in here on better Terms than at Baltimore, and 
until you receive it, you must continue to subsist the Troops on 
fresh Provisions. M' Randall is directed to leave a Parcel of Cloth 



1 6 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C in your Care and you may also expect a Parcel of Linen from 
No. 22 -j^j-r p^Yv, which are to remain with you til further Directions are 
given 

[Council to Mr. Abraham Faw] 

p. 40 Sir. Being informed by M*" Randall that the Oznabrigs Shirts 

[Osnabng gent from Frederick will not answer for the Soldiers, it will not be 
was a kind , 1 o -r^n • ■ V , ft, t 

of coarse proper to buy the 800 Jills you mention m yours of the 9"" Inst. 

. .'"\^" Please to desist from having any more Shirts made up of the 

originally o .' x- 

made in Oznabs of the same Quality already sent and forward the Linen and 
Osnabruck Shirts made up, to Cap* Keeports at Baltimore, to remain under his 
Care until he receives our Directions 



November Wednesday 17* November 1779 — 

17 

Liber C B Present as on Yesterday. — 
No 23 

p. 80 Ordered — That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Lambert 

Wilmer Esq"" Sixteen Pounds ten shillings for the use of Benjamin 

Palmer due him per Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Green one hundred and 
Ninty four Pounds, sixteen shillings and Eight pence due him per 
Account passed by the Dep'' Aud. — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Cornelius Mills Two hundred and 
ten Pounds to be expended in the Purchase of Wood for the General 
Assembly & to be accounted for. — 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Fowler Fifty Pounds to be 
delivered over to M""^ Fowler due her p Account passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That Serjeant Welsh take into his Possession the Military Stores, 
belonging to this State which were in the care of Captain Campbell, 
and that he make application to Capt Campbell for the Key of the 
Larboratory, and any others, which may be necessary for that 
Purpose. — 

Commissions issued to John Scott, William Bordley, Robert Max- 
well, James Claypoole, William Henry, Jonathan Worth, Morgan 
Hunt, Samuel Davis, Thomas Smyth Jun"" William Granger Jesse 
Cosden, William Maxwell and Richard Miller appointed Justices of 
the Peace and John Scott, William Bordley, James Claypoole William 
Henry & Thomas Smyth Jun"" appointed Justices of the Orphans 
Court for Kent County — 

Upton Sheredine, William Beatty, Jacob Young, James Johnson, 
William M. Beall, William Luckett Jun"" John Lawrence, Joseph 
Wood Jun"" John M'^Alister, John Ross Key, William Winchester 
Jun"" Philip Thomas, John Kleinhoof, Fielder Gaunt, George Scott 
and William Magruder app"^ Justices of the Peace and Upton Shere- 
dine, William Beatty, Philip Thomas, William M Beall and John 



of the Council of Maryland. 17 

Lawrence appointed Judges of the Orphans Court for Frederick Lif>er C B 
County.— ^''^- 23 

Joshua Beall, Chrisf Lowndes, Wilh'am L. Weems, David Crau- 
furd, John Harrison, Rich'' Henderson, Thomas Gantt Jun"" Luke 
Marbfiry, Thomas Clagett, Trueman Skinner, Alexander Howard 
Magruder, Osborn Sprigg, Fielder Bowie, George Lee, Thomas 
Magill, Thomas Boyed William Lyles, William Berry, James Mulli- 
kin, James Beck, Henry Rozier, Frank Leeke, Samuel Hepburn, 
Abraham Boyd and John Smith Brookes appointed Justices of the 
Peace Joshua Beall, Chrisf Lowndes, David Craufurd Thomas 
Clegett, Richard Henderson, Alexander Howard Magruder and 
Frank Leeke appointed Judges of the Orphans Court for Prince 
Georges County. 

The Petition of Jesse Bennett complaining that the Election of 
Sheriffs, for Worcester County, was not held agreeable to the Con- 
stitution, and Form of Government ; having this Day been presented 
to the Governor and Council : It is ordered that a Copy of said 
Petition, and of this Order be served on John Selby son of John in 
the said Petition mentioned ; on, or before the tenth Day of December 
next, and that a Hearing be had on the said Petition, by the Gov- 
ernor & Council, at Annapolis, on Thursday the 30''' Day of Decem- 
ber next, and that such Summons's as shall be applied for by either p. 81 
Party issue for Witnesses — 

Commissions issued to James Clandenin appointed Capt in the 
room of Samuel Ashmead Grafton Preston i Lieut, James Preston 
2'^ Lieut, James Creton Ens — John Maccamson i L' of Gabriel Van- 
horns Comp^ Aaron Vanhorn 2^ Lieut, William Maccamson Ens. 
William Amos Capt in the room of George Vaughan, Griffith Evans 
I L' James M'^Comas 2'^ Lieut — John Farmer Capt in the room of 
William Morgan, Ralph Smith i L*, Samuel Kinley 2^ Lieut, James 
Rancher Ens. Samuel Bailiss Capt in the room of John Patrick, 
Richard Ward i L' Robert Caswell 2^ Lieut. Andrew Ramsay Ens. 
Joseph Gibbons i L' William Jones 2^ U and Benjamin Rigdon Ens 
of Capt William Rigdons Comp^ belonging to the Deer Creek Batt° 
Harford County and also to Cyrus Osborne Capt in the room of 
John Wood — John Ruff Capt in the room of Jacob Forwood — 
Hugh Smith Capt in the room of George Patterson — Obediah 
Pritchard i L* Michael Gilbert 2^ Lieut and Edward Day ]\PComas 
Captain in the room of William Bradford belonging to the 23^^ Bat- 
talion of Militia in Harford County. 



Thursday 18 November 1779 Xovember 

18 
Present as on Yesterday except Daniel Carroll Esquire. — 

Commission of Letter of Marque & Reprisal issued Thomas Con- 
way Commander of the Brig Alexander 80 Tons burthen, navigated 



1 8 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B by 40 Men, mounting 12 Carriage Guns & 20 small Arms belonging 
^°- ^3 to John M=Lure & Comp^ dated 25 September. 

M'' Nathaniel Smith of Harford County in the State of Maryland, 
is appointed an Ensign in the fourth Maryland Regiment of Conti- 
nental Troops, and it is requested, that a Commission may Issue to 
him accordingly from the Board of War. 

Commissions issued to John Thomas appointed Lieut Col°, John 
Hanson Briscoe Major — Samuel Maddux i Lieut, Meveral Locke 
2^ Lieut and Raphael Neal Ens of Capt Charles Jordans Comp^ — 
John Shanks Capt in the room of Gerard Bond, John Blackiston 
I L' William Bayard 2 Lieut, Samuel Tennison Ens. — Francis Mil- 
lard Capt in room of John Thomas William Thomas i Lieut, Clement 
Power 2,'^ Lieut, James Thomas Ens. — John Hooper Broome Capt 
in the room of Thomas Attaway Reeder, John Cartwright i Lieut, 
Zachariah Hammett 2^ L' Basil Hall Ens. — Robert Briscoe Ens. to 
John Mills's Comp^ — Richard James Rapier Capt. in the room of 
James Roach, William Rapier i Lieut, Joseph Woodward 2^ L* 
John Greaves Ens — Edward Mattingly Capt in the room of William 
Bond, Jonathan Edwards i Lieut, William Cartwright 2^ Lieut, 
James Boroughs Ensign belonging to the Upper Battalion of Militia 
in Saint Marys County. 

Commission issued to Jeremiah Jordan, Henry Reeder, Vernon 
Hebb, Ignatius Taylor Bennett Biscoe, Hanson Briscoe, John 
Shanks, John Ireland, Ignatius Fenwick, Robert Watts Robert 
Armstrong, John H. Reade, Thomas Bond, William Killgore, John 
Mackall and John De Butts appointed Justices of the Peace for 
Saint Mary's County and also to Henry Reeder, John H. Reade, 
Thomas Bond, William Killgore and John De Butts appointed 
Judges of the Orphans Court for Saint Mary's County — 
p. 82 Commission issued to Nich^ Worthington, Richard Harwood 
Jun'' Henry Ridgely, Elijah Roboson, Samuel Harrison Allen 
Quynn, Reubin Merewether, Samuel Harrison of Richard, Nicholas 
Dorsey j'' Andrew Ellicott, Samuel Chase, Richard Dorsey of John, 
Henry Hall of Henry, Joseph Merrikin Samuel Godman, Richard 
Harrison of Rich*^, and Thomas Tongue appointed Justices of the 
Peace for Ann Arundel County. — also to Nicholas Worthington, 
Richard Harwood jun"" Elijah Robosson, Allen Quynn, Samuel 
Chase Henry Hall of Henry and Joseph Merrikin apointed Judges 
of the Orphans Court for Ann Arundel County and also to 

John Dennis, John Selby Nehemiah Holland, Ebenezer Handy, 
Thomas Purnell Sinepuxent, William Hopewell James Selby, Joshua 
Townsend, John Purnell Robins, John Postley, Josiah Mitchell, 
John Paramore John Pope Mitchell, Isaac Layfield, William Steven- 
son, Peter Chaille, James Martin and Elijah Laws appointed Jus- 
tices of the Peace for Worcester County, and to John Dennis, John 



of the Council of Maryland. 19 

Selby, Nehemiah Holland, John Purnell Robin, and l^eter Chaille LiUr c B 
appointed Judges of the Orphans Court for Worcester County — ^^ 

William Winder, Peter Waters, John Stewart, Levin Wilson, 
Gilliss Polk, John Williams, Joseph Venables, John Span Conway, 
Henry Jackson, Levin Woolford, Josiah Dashiell, Henry Miles, 
George Waters and William Stevens, Justices of the Peace for 
Somerset County and also to Peter Waters, John Stewart, I^vin 
Wilson, John Span Conway and Levin Woolford appointed Judges 
of the Orphans Court for Somerset County — 



Friday 19 November 1779. — November 

Present as on Yesterday. — 

Commission issued to Andrew Buchanan, John Moale, Benjamin 
Rogers Thomas Sollars, John Beale Howard, James Calhoun, 
Hercules Courtney, George Goldsmith Presbury Isaac Vanbibber, 
Peter Shepherd, John Craddock, John Merryman lun"" Jeremiah 
Johnson, Charles Ridgely of William, George Lindenberger, Christ" 
Vaughan, Frederick Decker, Jesse Bussey, Robert Lemmon, Rich- 
ard Cromwell, Abraham Vanbibber, George Lux, William Aisquith, 
Samuel Stringer Coale, and John Elder appointed Justices of the 
Peace for Baltimore County — and also to Andrew Buchanan, Ben- 
jamin Rogers, Thomas Sollars, James Calhoun, Hercules Courtney 
Isaac Vanbibber and George Lindenberger ludges of the Orphans 
Court for Baltimore County. — 

John Browne, James Kent, James Bordley, William Bruflf, James 
O Bryan John Register Emory, Samuel Ridgeway, John Fisher, 
Charles Downes, Thomas Carradine Vinson Benton, Philemon 
Downes, Aquila Brown and Charles Price appointed — Justices of 
the Peace for Queen Anns County and also to John Browne, James 
Bordley, William Brufif, James O Bryan and Charles Downes — 
Judges of the Orphans Court for Queen Anns County. 

Walter Hanson, Daniel Jenifer, George Dent, John Dent, Robert 
Young, Warren Dent, Richard Barnes, William Harrison John 
Parnham, Walter Hanson Jenifer, Joshua Sanders, Walter Winters 
of John, Samuel Hanson Jun*" Jonathan Yeates, Haskins Hanson 
John Morton, Bennett Dyson, & John Digges, Justices of the Peace 
for Charles County and also to Walter Hanson, George Dent, John 
Dent, Robert Young and Warren Dent, Judges of the Orphans 
Court, for Charles County 

Aquila Paca, John Love, Thomas Johnson, William Smithson, p. 83 
John Archer, William Bond, Abraham Whitacre, Ignatius Wheeler, 
James M'^Comas, Samuel Groome Osburn, John Rumsey Mordecai 
Amos, John Patrick, James Giles, James Philips and John Hall son 
of Cranb'' app** Justices of the Peace for Harford County also to 



20 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Aquila Paca, John Love, John Rumsey, John Archer and Thomas 
^°- ^^ Johnson, Judges of the Orphans Court for Harford County — 

Charles Jones, Edward Burgess, Eneas Campbell, William Deak- 
ins, Joseph Wilson, Samuel W. Magruder, James Ofifutt, Gerard 
Briscoe, Richard Thompson, Walter Beall, Henry Gaither George 
Cullam, and John Harwood Justices of the Peace for Montgomery 
County and also to Charles Jones, Edward Burgess, Eneas Campbell, 
William Deakins and Joseph Wilson Judges of the Orphans Court 
for Montgomery County — 

Sir, By Virtue of the Resolution of Congress of the 9* Day of 
Ocf 1779, and this Order pay to Col° Richard Dallam, Twenty 
thousand Dollars to be by him expended in the Purchase of Flour 
and Wheat for the Continental Army. — Tho. Sim Lee. 

To Thomas Harwood Esq'' Cont' Treasurer in the State of 
Maryland. 

William Wright of Queen Anns County, Licenced Dep^ Ass' Com- 
missary of Purchases under a Commission from Conrod T. Weder- 
strandt Assistant Comm^ of Purchases agreeable to Act of Assembly. 
Jacob Giles jun*" of Harford County Licenced Assistant Com'' of 
Purchases under a Comm" from Ephraim Blaine Dep^ Comm^ Gen- 
eral agreeable to Act of Assembly and 

William Lyles of Prince Georges County Licenced to Purchase 
Provisions for the Continental Army in said County and to super- 
intend the Post at Piscataway Creek to cure said Provisions, under 
a Commission from Thomas Richardson Ass' Com'' of Purch* agree- 
able to Act of Ass^ 

Commission issued to Richard Mason, Benson Stainton, Nathaniel 
Potter, Mathew Driver, Thomas Hardcastle, Hugh M'^Bryde, Henry 
Dickinson, and Charles Dafhn app'^ Justices of the Peace for Caroline 
County, and also to Richard Mason, Benson Stainton Nathaniel 
Potter, Matthew Driver and Thomas Hardcastle, Judges of the 
Orphans Court for Caroline County. — 

Liber C C [Council to Mr. Jacob Giles Jun'r] 

Sir. Enclosed you have your Commission, with a Licence to pur- 
chase within this State ; agreeably to Act of Assembly. By the Act 
alluded to, no Authority is vested in this Board to licence, unless 
the Commission of the Person applying is previously produced ; you 
did not transmit yours when you wrote for a Licence ; I believe that 
was the sole Cause of Governor Johnson's not complying with your 
Request. Our Treasury is in a very exhausted State at present, 
which renders it impossible for us to supply you with Cash, if we 
had been expressly directed, but as matters are circumstanced we 
are of Opinion, it would be more convenient and proper that you 
should draw your Supplies from Col° Blaine. Advise us frequently 



No. 22 
p. 40 



of the Council of Maryland. 21 

of the Progress you make in your Purchases and your Prospects. Liber C C 
Every Assistance in our Power will be afforded you in the Execution ^°- " 
of your Commission. 

[Council to The Honble, the President of the Board of War] 

Sir. We had not the Honor of receiving your Favor of the 1 1"' 
of the current Month 'til Yesterday. Before this its probable the 
Prisoners destined for Washington County have left Philadelphia. 
We lament the Necessity Col° Rawlings was under of discharging 
the Militia Guard ; we are yet ignorant of the Cause, but conclude 
from our Knowlege of the Col° that the Measure was a prudential 
one. Orders heretofore given the Lieutenants of the several Coun- 
ties in the Vicinity of Fort Frederick, to furnish the necessary Guard, 
are considered as still subsisting and we doubt not a Proper one will 
be in Readiness to receive the Prisoners upon their Arrival. The 
Powder furnished the Continent in Consequence of the Requisition 
of your Honorable Board was sold under a Resolution of our Assem- 
bly directing the Governor and Council to dispose of such Quantity 
of that Article as might be spared. Frequent, and the most pressing 
Applications of Individuals had little Weight with this Board when 
put in Competition with your Requisition, and it was immediately 
determined the Public Interest should be preferred : thirty thousand 
Pounds, the utmost Quantity we could spare, were accordingly de- 
livered to your Agent and, as we are informed, was removed to 
Baltimore, returning it again to our Magazines would be attended 
with much Expence and Trouble and, all Circumstances considered, 
we flatter ourselves you will not view our Conduct in not consenting 
to credit the Continent for the Powder, in an unfavourable Light. 

[Council to Capt. John Green] p. 41 

Sir. You have herewith an Invoice of 62 Barrels of Flour and 
5 of Beef, the Cargo of the Dolphin, which you are to deliver with- 
out Loss of Time, to the French Agent or his Deputy ; one or the 
other, we have Reason to believe, is now at Hampton, for the use 
of his most Christian Majesty's Fleet or that Part of it which may 
be in Chesapeake Bay. In the Absence of the Agent or his Deputy, 
you are to deliver your Cargo to the Commander of the Fleet, taking 
a Receipt therefor. 

As the Fleet may have immediate Occasion for these Provisions 
and their Stay in this Bay limited, We trust, without repeating it, 
you are sufficiently impressed with the Necessity of Dispatch. We 
wish you a safe Voyage and are &'^^ 

[Council to Capt. George P. Keeports] 

Sir. Being informed by M'' Randall that there are a Number of 
Blankets, at this Time for Sale in Baltimore and as we shall have 



22 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C immediate Calls on us for that necessary Article, we request you to 



No. 22 



purchase, as soon as may be and on the best Terms you can, any 
Number not exceeding fifteen hundred and advise us thereof. 



Liber C B Saturday 20 November 1779 

No. 23 

p. 83 Present as on yesterday 
November •' ■' 

20 Ordered that the Western Shore Treasurer pay to Thomas John- 
son Jun"" Thirty Pounds to be expended in Necessaries for the use 
of the Council and Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Tuck Eighteen Pounds 
for the use of M" Elizabeth Tuck p Account passed by the Dep'' 
Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to D"" John Archer, three 
Pounds, ten shillings in Cloathing for the use of Abraham Gurrell, 
and three Pounds, ten shillings in Cloathing for the use of Laurence 
Connaway both Soldiers in the 3"^ Regim* for 9 months and regularly 
discharged due them by the Act of Assembly to procure Troops for 
the American Army. — 

Commission issued to James Woolford 3*^ Elected Sheriff of Dor- 
chester County 

Commission issued to William Hindman, William Perry, Jeremiah 
Banning, William Maynadier, John Troup, Richard Johns, Howes 
Goldsborough, Thomas Sherwood, Henry Banning, Joseph Bewly, 
Samuel Thomas, Robert Lloyd Nicolls, William Goldsborough, John 
Fauntleroy William Dowson, James Thomas, and Chrisf Birkhead, 
Justices of the Peace for Talbot County and also to William Hind- 
man, William Perry, Jere. Banning, Richard Johns & Howes Golds- 
p. 84 borough Judges of the Orphans Court for Talbot County and 
also to 

William AUnut, Samuel Chew, John Bond, Richard Parran, 
Edward Johnson, William Ireland, Walter Smith, Daniel Rawlings 
jun"" Isaac Clare, James Highe and Samuel Lane Justices of the 
Peace for Calvert County and also to William Allnut, Samuel Chew, 
Richard Parran James Highe and Edward Johnson Judges of the 
Orphans Court for Calvert County — 

Justices of the Peace and Judges of the Orphans Court for Cecil, 
Dorchester and Washington Counties are reappointed and continued 
under their former Commissions 

Coroners Surveyors, and all other Civil Officers of the Appoint- 
ment of the Governor and the Council are reappointed and Con- 
tinued under their former Commissions. 



of the Council of Maryland. 23 

Monday 22'' November 1779 Lir>cr C B 

No. 23 

Present as on Saturday. — November 

22 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt Charles 

Baltzel, sixteen thousand Dollars two thousand part thereof to be 
by him retained, the remaining fourteen thousand to be delivered 
over to Captains, Christopher Myers, Michael Eoyer, Lieut* Martin 
Shugart Jacob Gromett & David Morgan, Ens. Jacob Raybolt and 
Alexander Smith Surgeons Mate all of the German Regiment be- 
longing to the State of Maryland each two thousand Dollars in leiw 
of the Articles allowed by the Act of Assembly intitled " An Act 
relating to the Officers and Soldiers of this State in the American 
Army & other Purposes therein mentioned " 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robertson Stevens Esq'' three 
Pounds, fifteen shillings and ten Pence to be delivered over to 
Samuel Hooper for the use of himself & Comp^ and the further Sum 
of Fifteen Pounds, nine shillings and six Pence to be delivered over 
to Capt Edward Staplefort for the use of himself & Comp^ per Ac- 
counts passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Charles Scott a Private in the 
I Maryld Reg* Twenty Pounds allowed him by Act of Assembly 
relating to the Officers &" 

That the said Treasurer pay to Commodore Thomas Grason one 
thousand five hundred and forty Pounds to pay for Plank for the 
use of the Gallies on Account. 



Tuesday 23 November 1779 November 

Present as on Yesterday 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Matthew Driver 
Esq*" one hundred and fifty Pounds to be delivered over to Col° Wil- 
liam Richardson the Gratuity allowed by a Resolve of the General 
Assembly to the Officers of this State then in the Cont' Service 



Wednesday 24 November 1779 November 

24 
Present as on Yesterday. — 

Permission granted in Pursuance of the Recommendation of Con- 
gress of the 2^ of October last to the Sloop Molly Commanded by 
Peregrine Dunk, to Lade and Transport to Virginia for the use of 
that State, a Cargoe of Flour, a Manifest of such Cargoe being 
Lodged in the Naval Office at Baltimore and the vessel there cleared 
out, and a Bond being given to this State in the Penalty of one thou- 
sand Pounds with good and sufficient Security conditioned that if 
the said Cargoe shall be delivered to the proper Officer, appointed 



24 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B to receive the same in Virginia, the Danger of the Voyage excepted 

°- ^^ and that a Certificate of such DeHvery from the Board of War of 

p. 85 the said State of Virginia shall be produced to the Governor and 

Council of this State within two Months from the Time of the said 

Vessel clearing out then the Obligation to be void &c. 

On the application of William Smith Esquire of Baltimore Town, 
who is to this purpose Commissioned and authorized by M'' Holker 
who is Agent for the A-Iarine of his Most Christian Majesty Licence 
is hereby granted to Lade and Export in the Sloop called the General 
Wayne now lying in the Port of Baltimore, her Cargoe of Flour and 
other Provisions for the use of the Fleet and Army of his Most 
Christian Majesty in the West Indies, the said Sloop clearing out 
at the proper Office and the Captain previously thereto, delivering 
into such Office a Manifest of her Lading, and together with two 
other of the Principal Officers of the said Sloop making Oath on the 
Holy Evangelists of Almighty God, that such Manifest contains a 
true Account of the Lading of the said Sloop and that no other Pro- 
visions have been to their knowledge or Belief or shall be with their 
Privity and Consent, Laden or put on board such Sloop, other than 
such as are for the Subsistence of her Crew and have been or shall 
be allowed and permitted by the Naval Officer and that they will 
use their utmost Endeavors to deliver the whole Cargoe of Provi- 
sions aforesaid to the proper person or persons to receive the same 
for the use of the Fleet and Army of his most Christian Majesty; 
and the Agent employed in directing the Loading of the said Sloop 
also making Oath that the Provisions mentioned in the said Manifest 
are shipped and designed to be transported in the said Sloop for the 
use of the Navy and Army of his most Christian Majesty and for 
no other Purpose to the best of his Knowledge and Belief. 

Pass granted to M""^ Ann Stevenson Wife of Docf Henry Steven- 
son, to repair to Camp to solicit Leave to go into the City of New 
York and to take her youngest Child and a Negro Boy with her, and 
to return; agreeable to a Resolve of the House of Delegates of the 
23"^ In* 

Liber C C [Council to The Officer Commanding at Elizabeth Town] 

p 41 Sir. According to the enclosed Resolve of the House of Delegates, 
we have granted Permission to M*"® Ann Stevenson to apply to you 
to solicit Leave to go into the City of New York and to take her 
youngest Child and a Negro Boy with her : we have to entreat you 
that this Lady may be indulged with the Liberty of visiting her 
Husband and returning and shall esteem your Compliance as a Favor. 

[Council to Colo. Samuel Smith] 

Sir Enclosed you have a Permission to lade the Sloop Molly with 
Flour for the Use of Virsrinia. We are concerned it is not in our 



of the Council of Maryland. 25 

Power to remove tlie Inconveniencies that attend the sending to Lihcr C C 
Annapolis for Permits, be assured we would dispense with it if it ^"- ^^ 
could be done consistent with our Duty. Your Engagement requires 
that you should produce a Certificate from the Board of War of Vir- 
ginia, of the Delivery of the Cargo for the Use of that State, and 
we cannot be of Opinion that you have complied with it by producing 
the enclosed Receipts, and therefore cannot cancel your Bond 



Thursday 25 November 1779 Liljcr C B 

•No. 23 
Present as on Yesterday. — p. 85 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Col° Isaac Ham- 2^ 
mond of the Soldiers Delight Battalion of Militia in Baltimore 
County Two hundred and twenty two Pounds, ninteen shillings and 
four Pence due himself and Officers under his Command whilst in 
Service for Pay role examined and Passed by the Aud'' Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah F"orrest Eight hundred 
and fifty five Pounds for Paper purchased of him for the use of the 
Public— 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Charles Scott a Soldier 
in the first Maryl<^ Regim* with Col° Forrest, i Coat, i waistcoat, 
I p'' Overalls and i Hat — 



Monday 29 November 1779 November 

29 
Present as on Thursday except John H. Stone Esq'' 

Commission of Letter of Marque & Reprisal issued to John Harr 
Commander of the Brigantine Donia Antoney, 120 Tons burthen, 
navigated by 32 Men, Mounting 10 Carriage Guns and 12 small 
Arms belonging to George Meade &C° Philadelphia, dated 25 Sept 
last 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Wells 
three thousand Nine hundred and sixty three Pounds due him for 
Beef and Tallow purchased of him as per M"" Crisalls Receipt 



Tuesdav 30 November 1779 November 

30 
Present as on Yesterday. — P- 86 

5 Barrels of Beef Quant^ 1219"'^ were sent to Baltimore for the 
use of the Guard at the Fort. 

Commission issued to Joseph Baxter appointed Sheriff of Balti- 
more County in the room of Edward Cockey who has resigned 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Cornelius Mills 
Two hundred and twenty seven Pounds per Account passed by the 
Aud Gen' 



26 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B The Commission of Benjamin Chambers Dep^ Quart. Master 
No. 23 Qgj^i q£ Forage, from Francis Wade Dep^ Q"" Masf Gen' dated 23"* 
Inst. Novem*" being produced to this Board. Licence is hereby given 
to him the said Benjamin Chambers Dep'' Quarter Master Gen' of 
Forage to Act in the Counties of Dorchester, Worcester and Somer- 
set by Virtue and according to the Act of Assembly in such Case 
made and Provided. — 

The Commission of James Hindman Esq*" of Talbot County Dep'' 
Ass* Commissary General of Purchases, of this Day and also the 
Commission of James Sulivane Esq'' of Dorchester County Dep^ 
Ass* Commissary Gen' of Purchases of the same Date from Conrad 
Theo. Wederstrandt Ass* Commissary Gen' of Purchases, being 
Produced, Licence is hereby given to them the said James Hindman 
Esq*" and James Sulivane Esq*" to Purchase in the Counties aforesaid 
according to the Act of Assembly in such Case made & Provided 

Permission is hereby given the Honorable William Paca Esq'' to 
draw from his Farm and Plantation in Queen Anns County, such 
supplies of the Produce raised thereon, as may be necessary for the 
Subsistence of himself and Family during their Residence in Phila- 
delphia agreeably to the Act of Assembly " Entitled an Act to pro- 
" hibit for a Limitted time, the Exportation of Wheat, Flour, Rye, 
" Indian Corn, rice, Bread, Beef, Pork, Bacon, Live Stock, Peas, 
" beans, Oats and other Victual." 



December i Wednesday I December 1779 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to M''* Mary Barber 
fifteen Pounds due her per Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Francis Dallam Eight thousand 
Dollars to be delivered over to Col° Richard Dallam to be expended 
in the Purchase of Wheat & flour for the use of the Continental 
Army and Accounted for. — 

Sir, By Virtue of the Resolution of Congress of the 9"^ Day of 
Ocf 1779 and this Order pay to Francis Dallam, twelve thousand 
Dollars to be by him delivered over to Col° Richard Dallam for the 
Purchase of Flour & Wheat for the Continental Army. — 

To Thomas Harwood Esq"" Cont' Treasurer in the State of 
Maryland. 

On the Petition of Basil Williams of Cecil County and the Cer- 
tificates of several reputable Gent, of the said County, setting forth 
that the said Basil Williams, was some time in 1777 deprived of a 
Negro Man by the Enemy. It is therefore Ordered that the Coll'' 
of said County do not collect his Assessment or any part thereof — 



of the Council of Maryland. 27 

[Council to The Sheriff of Cecil County] Liber C C 

No. 32 

Sir Basil Williams hath, by his Petition, set forth to us that he p. 42 
was some Time in the Year 1777 deprived of a Negro Man by the 
Enemy whereby he hath greatly suffered, and it appearing to us by 
Deposition of the said Basil Williams and the Certificates of several 
Gentlemen of Reputation that the said Facts are true and we esteem- 
ing it proper that the Collection of the present Assessment of the 
said Basil Williams should be suspended, do direct you not to collect 
the same or any Part thereof 

[Council to Richard Dallam Esqr.] 

Sir Your Situation is certainly distressing; every immediate As- 
sistance in the Power of this Board has been given in sending you 
twenty thousand Dollars by M"" Francis Dallam and we have to 
lament that an Agent so truly active and faithful as we have every 
Reason to believe you have been, should be involved in Difficulty by 
Exertions for the Public Benefit. This Sum, it is hoped, will suffice 
for the present, if it is applied to the Payment of those who are most 
pressing, and shortly, large Payments may be expected from Sheriffs 
of the several Counties : in the mean Time, we hope your Creditors 
will be patient. The Continental Treasury in this State has been 
drained for the Purpose of sending you this Supply and 8000 Dollars 
over and above were drawn from the Treasury of this State to make 
up the 20000. We have hitherto in no Instance drawn Orders on 
the Sheriffs for the supplying Money to Purchasers of Provisions, 
and would with great Reluctance adopt a Measure of that Kind. 
M"" Wederstrandt has made frequent and pressing Applications for 
Cash and complains that the 12000 Dollars from the Continental 
Treasury should be sent you as he actually deposited them 



Thursday 2^ December 1779 December 

Liber C B 
Present as on Yesterday. — No. 23 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to William Brufi ^' ^ 
Esq*" Two thousand Dollars to be delivered over to Capt John 
Hawkins of the 5*^ Maryland Regim* of Continental Troops the 
Allowance made him by the General Assembly relating to the Offi- 
cers &''^. — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt George Keeports, five thou- 
sand Pounds to be expended in the Purchase of Linen for the use of 
the Continental Army. 

Commissions issued to John Browne, James Kent, James Bordley. 
William Bruff, James O Bryan John Register Emory, Samuel 
Ridgeway, John Fisher, Charles Downes, Clement Sewell Vinson 



28 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Benton, Aquila Brown, Thomas Fitzsimmons, Benjamin Sudler and 

^^ Rezin Rowles appointed Justices of the Peace for Queen Anns 

County also to John Browne, James Bordley James O Bryan Charles 

Downes and Clement Sewell Judges of the Orphans Court for Q 

Ann Co*y 

Nicholas Worthington, Richard Harwood jun"" Henry Ridgely, 
Elijah Robosson Samuel Harrison, Allen Quynn, Reubin Merri- 
wether, Samuel Harrison of Richard, Nicholas Dorsey lun'' Andrew 
Ellicott, Richard Dorsey of Jn° Henry Hall of Henry, Joseph Merri- 
kin Samuel Godman, Richard Harrison of Rich** Thomas Tongue, 
Nicholas Maccubbin Jun*" John Bullen and William Hyde Justices 
of the Peace for Ann Arundel County — and also to Nicholas Worth- 
ington, Richard Harwood jun*" Elijah Robosson, Allen Quynn, Nich* 
Maccubbin lun'' John Bullen and William Hyde Judges of the 
Orphans Court for Ann Arundel County. — 



December 3 Friday 3^^ December 1779 

Present as on Yesterday Dan' Carroll Esq"" Attended 

Commissions issued to Randolph Johnson appointed Capt. in the 
room of Sam' Abbott William Clark i L* Solomon Robinson 2^ Lieut 
Walter Jenkins Ens. Mordecai Skinner i L^ Henry Coleston 2'^ 
Lieut and Perry Benson Ens of Capt Henry Bannings Comp'' belong- 
ing to the 38* Battalion of Militia in Talbot County. 

Ordered that the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt George 
Keeports, 12 Coats, 12 Waistcoats and 12 pair Shoes for the use of 
the Matrosses in Baltimore. — 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj* Richard 
Welsh, 14 Coats, 14 Waistcoats, 14 p"" Stockings 14 p"" Shoes and 
14 p*" Leather Breeches, he paying the Difference between the Leather 
and Cloth Breeches for the use of the Matrosses at Annapolis due 
them in January 1780 — 

Commission of Letter of Marque & Reprisal issued to Solomon 
Frazier Commander of the Brigantine Talbot 150 Tons burthen, 
navigated by 25 Men, mounting 10 Carriage Guns, 10 Swivels and 
24 small Arms, belonging to James Chamberlaine & others of Talbot 
County. — 

By his Excellency Thomas Sim Lee Esq'' Governor of Maryland 
A Proclamation 

With the advice of the Council, I do hereby appoint Thursday 
the ninth of this Inst. Decemb'' to be Observed throughout this 
State as a Day of Public Thanksgiving and Prayer agreeably to the 
Recommendation of Congress of the 20*'' of Ocf last. Given &" 
Thos Sim Lee 



of the Council of Maryland. 29 

[Council to James Calhoun Esqr.] Liber CC 

No. 22 
Sir. Your Letters of the 26''' anrl 30'^ Ult" were laid before the p. 42 

General Assembly with a Recommendation from this Board to revive 
and amend the Law for impressing^ Vessels &^* and to make the 
necessary Provision for the quartering and otherwise accommodat- 
ing the Troops of our Allies. Wlien the necessary Regulations are 
determined u])on by the Assembly you may rely, we shall advise you 
of them ; as yet, nothing has been done. We have not the least Objec- 
tion to your making Use of the Barracks and wish them better cal- 
culated for the Number of Sick and wounded you expect 

[Council to Richard Dallam Esqr.] p. 43 

Sir. By a Letter just received from Col° Blaine dated the i" Inst, 
we are informed you are about to deliver over to M'' Smith, the 
French Agent, all the Flour you have on Hand. This is a Step we 
did not expect, nor can we consent to it by any Means, whilst our 
Army, as we have great Reason to believe, is in Danger of suffering 
by the Want of Bread Provisions and the French Agent has secured 
at least the Quantity he was permitted to purchase. You will without 
Loss of Time, be pleased to deliver your Flour into the Hands of 
M*" Giles, the present Continental Agent, who has Orders to forward 
it with the utmost Speed. 

[Council to His Excellency The Cheval'r. de la Luzerne, Minister 
plenipo. to his Most Christian Majesty.] 

We were honored with your Excellency's Letter of the 17'"^ ult° 
The polite Assurance that you received Pleasure when you under- 
stood the Commander of his most Christian Majesty's Squadron 
had made Choice of this Station because you could rely on us for 
Succour, communicated the highest Satisfaction. Such is our Incli- 
nation to render every Assistance in our Power to the Troops of 
our illustrious Ally, that nothing was necessary to prompt us to an 
Exertion for their Relief, but a Communication of their Wants and 
sufiferings. Our Duty seconded by our Attachment to Friends who 
have bravely fought and bled in the Cause of Liberty, lead us to 
consider their Distresses as our Own, and make our Exertions to 
provide the Sick and wounded with suitable Lodgings and proper 
Sustenance, the most pleasing Task. Victualling the Squadron is 
certainly an important Object and demands our utmost Endeavours 
to enable Mons"" DeGrasse or any other French Commander, to pro- 
cure full and Speedy Supplies for the Use of the Fleet. The Con- 
gratulation of your Excellency, is flattering. Convinced that America 
is interested in the judicious Appointments of your King, it gives 
us infinite Pleasure in felicitating you and United America, on your 
Excellency's Appointment, which alone can console us for the Loss 



30 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C of your worthy Predecessor, whose Goodness of Heart impelled him, 
^^ on every Occasion to exert his extraordinary Abilities in promoting 
such Measures as tended, not only to render the present happy Con- 
nexion between France and America permanent, but to secure the 
Happiness and Independence of the Latter. We have the Honor 
to be &" 

p. 44 [Council to Mons'r. Terrasson, Baltimore.] 

Sir. We are informed by the Attorney General that Boisbrun 
was tried on two several Indictments for Theft and convicted, but 
that the Court had suspended the Punishment which the Law ap- 
points, until Application could be made to us and our Pleasure 
known therein. The Good and Safety of the Community require 
that Offenders should be punished, to restrain them from repeating 
the Offence and to deter others whose malevolent Dispositions might 
otherwise prompt them to imitate their pernicious Examples, from 
violating the Law and disturbing the Tranquility of the State ; yet, 
in this particular Case, the Rigour of the Law may be relaxed to 
avoid that Disquietude which a good and reputable Family would 
suffer by inflicting an ignominious Punishment on the Culprit, and 
we are willing to pardon the Offender, on Condition that he enlist 
in the Service of the United States 



December 4 Saturday 4*'' December 1779 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday. — 

Ordered That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to Henry Dickin- 
son two hundred and Eighty nine Pounds, five shillings due him per 
Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson lun"" 
Two hundred Pounds for 4 months Salary as to the Gov'' & Council 
to the i^' Inst. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Col° Forrest 2 p"" French 
hose and flannel suff' for 3 under Waistcoats, he paying the current 
Price for them. — 

Nicholas Worthington, Allen Quynn and Nicholas Maccubbin 
Jun"" Esquires Justices of the Peace for Ann Arundel County certify 
that agreeable to an Act of Assembly entitled " An Act for the more 
" effectual preventing forestalling and Engrossing and for other 
" Purposes therein mentioned " [they] have seized one Schooner 
Load of Wheat, in the Possession of Francis Baker, which from 
Information contains about the Quantity of five hundred Bushels 
and have delivered the same to Conrod Theodore Wederstrandt 
Commissary of Purchases for the United States. — 



p. 



of the Council of Maryland. 31 

Permission is hereby g-iven to M" Jane Cal(lcleuj:(h of this State to Libcr C B 
Solicit Leave from his Excellency General Washington or the Com- °' ^^ 
manding Officer at the Out Posts of the American Army at Elizabeth 
Town to go into the City of New York, not to return again into 
this State during the Present War between America and Great 
Britain, without Leave of the Governor and Council for the time 
being, first had and obtained, with Liberty to take her Child with 
her, and John Stewart a Minor and Permission is likewise given to 
M"" John Turnbull of this State, who has given Evidence of his 
Attachment to America to attend M" Caldeleugh as far as the 
American Lines. — 

Commission issued to John Bracco, William Perry, Jeremiah 
Banning, William Maynadier, John Troup, Richard Johns, Lloyd 
Tilghman, Moses Allen, Christ" Birkhead, William Dawson, Robert 
Lloyd Nicolls, William Goldsborough, John Fauntleroy, Woolman 
Gibson 3'' And Hugh Sherwood jun"" appointed Justices of the Peace 
for Talbot County and also to William Perry, Jeremiah Banning, 
Richard Johns, William Goldsborough and William Dawson Judges 
of the Orphans Court for Talbot County. 

[Council to Jeremiah Banning Esqr. Naval Of^cer 7"" District.] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir. In the Opinion of this Board you have been rather irregular P-44 
in allowing the Mariners and Passengers of a Vessel to take a larger 
Quantity of Provisions than necessary to subsist them their Voyage 
out and Return to the Port from whence they sailed. As the Instance 
you mention is the first, so we hope it will be the last 

[Council to Mr. Stephen West] 

Sir. Good strong Stockings are much wanted for our Soldiers, 
and it would give us Pleasure to have it in our Power to provide 
them on reasonable Terms. The Samples sent appear to be good and 
such would suit us. The Reason you give for ofTering them to us, 
are very sufficient and we trust the former " contributing to the 
Relief of the Army " will induce you to part with them on such 
Terms as will justify us in making the Purchase. The Price hitherto 
given has not exceeded twenty five Dollars, but as yours are of a 
superior Quality, we are willing to give from thirty to thirty five 
Dollars, according to their Goodness and will take 200 Pairs. If 
you are inclined to sell them at that Rate, be pleased to inform us 
by the first Opportunity. We are convinced the Examples of others 
in demanding exorbitant Prices for what they sell will have no In- 
fluence on you, because they have a Tendency to obstruct the Object 
you and we have so much at Heart " the Relief of the Poor 
Soldiers." 



32 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Monday 6"" December 1779 

No. 2i 01 

December 6 Present as on Saturday. — 

^■^ Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Beriah 
Maybury, One hundred and twenty five Pounds, two shillings and 
six Pence due him per Account passed by the Dep^ Aud'' And also 
the further Sum of one hundred and fifty Pounds on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Goldsmith one thousand 
and seventy eight Pounds, ten shillings due him per Account passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

M"" Wederstrandt is hereby requested and Authorized to purchase 
from 12 to 15000 lbs of good grass fed Beef if to be had at 7/6 -p 
\h. for the use of the State of Maryland and he is likewise desired 
to advise this Board as soon as he has executed this Commission 
that inconveniences may be avoided in transporting the Beef hither. 

Commission issued to James Horner Esquire elected Sheriff of 
Harford County 



December 7 Tuesday y^^ December 1779 

p. 89 _, ^ ^ , 

Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn, 
One hundred and Eighty eight Pounds, twelve shillings and six 
Pence due him per Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt John Loara ten thousand 
Pounds to be delivered over to Capt George Keeports on Account. — 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Muir, two thousand, four 
hundred and forty two Pounds, seventeen shillings and Six Pence 
for the purchase of Cloathing for the Army on Account. — 

Permission is hereby given to Capt. Joseph Robinson, to transport 
from this State to the Islands of Bermuda, one thousand and ten 
Bushels of Indian Corn in the Sloop Unity for the relief of the In- 
habitants of the said Islands. — 



Liber 



Q Q [Council to Mr. Abraham Faw] 



No. 22 gj^ 'jYyq Barracks in Frederick Town are not in a State to ac- 
commodate Troops and as probably Part of the American Army 
may be quartered in that Town this Winter, we wish you to have 
them put in a more eligible Condition as speedily as possible. It is 
represented to this Board that in a short Time and with little Ex- 
pence, they may be made fit for Use and that now, so far from 
answering the Purpose for which they were erected, they serve for 
a Rendezvous for Negroes in the Night, by which they are in Dan- 
ger of being burnt and a Nuisance to the Inhabitants. It is expected 
you will immediately hire a careful Hand to look to their Safety, or 
undertake it yourself 



of the Council of Maryland. 33 

[Council to Capt. George P. Keeports] Lilxr C C 

No. 32 

Sir. We send you, by Caj)* John Ix)rah ten thousand Pounds, 
Part of which to he apph'ed to pay for tlie I'.lankets you have engaged 
certainly, & the 48 conditionally of Hughs & Williamson; the Price 
of the latter is very high, but from your Description of the Quality 
and Size, are induced to take them. The other Blankets, we cannot, 
at present, agree to take, particularly as you have engaged some of 
the same Quality at £12.18 under the Price demanded. The Surplus 
of this Money, or any in your Hands, we desire you to expend in 
purchasing the Cloth you mention, fit for Overalls at £7.10 pr y^ 
and in Linen for Shirts, on the most reasonable Terms, not exceed- 
ing the Prices you quote. Please to inform us whether you have 
received any Articles lately from M*" Faw and what they are and 
how you proceed, particularly in the Article of Linen, that we may 
have some Rule to guide us in any further Orders — 

Wednesday 8"' December 1779 December 8 

Liber C B 
Present as on Yesterday. — No. 23 

Ordered that the Commissary of Stores deliver to M" Campbell ^ 
2 yds of Flannel to be returned in kind. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to George Gordon One 
hundred and thirty eight Pounds, Sixteen shillings and three Pence 
due Gordon &C° per Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

Licence given to John Templeman to Exhibit on the Slack Wire 
ft"^^ in any Part of this State. — 

Permission is hereby granted to Lade on board the Schooner boat 
little John of the [burden] of Ten tons of thereabouts, belonging to 
Robert Berry a Cargoe of Potatoes Turnips and other Vegetables 
and the same to clear out and transport in her to and for the use of the 
Fleet and Army of his most Christian Majesty, the Captain of the said 
Schooner Boat, previous to his Lading on board any of the said Arti- 
cles, giving bond payable to this State in the Penalty of Six thousand 
Pounds, Conditioned that if the said Cargoe shall be delivered on 
board the Fleet of his most Christian Majesty, the danger of the 
Seas and Enemies only excepted and shall within four Months from 
the date of such Bond produce to the Governor and Council of this 
State a Certificate under the hand of a Captain or Commanding 
Officer of some one of the Ships of War of the said Fleet or some 
Officer of the said Fleet of higher Rank, of such Delivery then such 
Bond to be void else of full force — and the Captain of said Schooner 
Boat also making Oath before the Naval Officer who shall clear out 
the said Vessel at or before the Time of her clearing out that he will 
use his utmost Endeavors to prevent the said Cargoe or any part 
thereof falling into the Hands of the Enemy, and \\\\\ deliver the 
same if in his power to or on board some of the said Fleet 



34 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Thursday 9 December 1779 

December 9 present as on Yesterday.— 

Ordered that the Commissary of Stores deHver to WiUiam Simp- 
kins a 9 Months Soldier in the G^ Maryland Regim* Discharged the 
am' of twenty six Pounds in Cloathing due himself also twenty eight 
Pounds for the use of Adam Mong a 9 M° Soldier in the same Reg' 
discharged, twenty seven Pounds in Cloathing for Boston Baker and 
twenty nine Pounds ten shillings in Cloathing for the use of Jacob 
Garchart, both nine Months Soldiers in the 7 Regim' Discharged, 
due them by the Act to procure Troops for the American Army. 
p. 90 Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to John Turnbull, 
two thousand Dollars for the use of, and to be delivered over to 
Zedekiah More Ens in the 2^ Maryland Regiment the Allowance 
made him by the Gen' Assembly. — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn four hundred and 
thirteen Pounds twelve shillings and six Pence due him per Ace' 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Brooke Hodgkin, Twenty 
six Pounds five shillings due himself and Sixty Pounds for the use 
of M" Elizabeth Scott "p Acc*^ passed by D. Aud. 



December 10 Friday lo December I779-— 

Present as on Yesterday. — 

M'' Joseph Wilson & M*" Grafton Preston of Harford County in 
the State of Maryland are appointed Ensigns in the 6"^ Maryland 
Regim* of Continental Troops and it is requested that Commissions 
may issue, to them accordingly from the Board of War. — 

Ordered that the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Hill a 9 
Months Sold"" in the 7"^ Maryland Regiment discharged, the amount 
of Twenty four Pounds ten shillings in Cloathing due him per Act 
of Assembly to procure Troops for the American Army. — 



December 11 Saturday ii December 1779 

Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to David Craufurd 
Esq"" to be delivered over to the Honorable John Rogers Esq'' twelve 
hundred and fifty Povmds due him for i years Salary as Chancellor 
of Maryland. 



of the Council of Maryland. 35 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col" Uriah Forrest Two thousand LiWr C B 
Dollars for the use of ancl to be delivered over to Barton Tabbs, °' ^^ 
Surgeon to the 7 Maryland Regiment due him by an Act of Assembly 
relating to the Officers &*^''' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Elie Vallette one hundred and 
Seventy five Pounds due him for 2 M" Salary to the 6 Inst, and half 
years rent of Office Per Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Com" Grason 51 Coats 
for the use of the Men on board the Gallies. 

Commission of a Letter of Marque & Reprisal issued to Newton 
Cannon Commander of the Sloop Genera! Wayne navigated by 
10 Men, mounting 4 Carriage Guns, belonging to Samuel Smith & 
others of Baltimore dated 22'' Sepf last. 

Licence given to Walter Hanson to Act as Dep^ Assist. Commis- 
sary of Purchases in Charles County, under a Com° from Thomas 
Richardson Assist Commissary of Purchases dated the 13'** Novem*" 
1779 according to the Act of Assembly in such Case made and 
Provided 

Pardon granted to Bois Brown of Baltimore County convicted in 
Baltimore County Court on two several Indictments for Theft — 
on Condition that he forthwith inlist himself in some one of the 
Regiments of the Quota of this State in the Continental Army and 
that he do not desert therefrom. 

[Council to Capt Geo. P. Keeports] Liber C C 

Sir. An Offer is made us by Mess" John Dorsey & Co. of some p. 45 
Cloth, said to be proper for Soldiers. We request you to wait on 
M"" Dorsey and to inform us of the Quality, Price and Width of the 
Cloth. M*" Samuel Chase informs us his Company will part with the 
Articles wanted, to the State, for £25 to £26 -p y*^ Your Opinion, 
as to the OfTer, will, in some Measure, be a Guide to us in coming 
to a Conclusion on this Business. We are much in Want of Blankets ; 
pray enquire if any are lately arrived. 



Mondav 13^'' December 1779 December 13 

^ _ " Liber C B 

Present as on Saturday — No. 23 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Elijah Gaither ^'^^ 
thirty six Pounds for the use of Aquila Randall per Account passed 
by the Dep^ Aud'' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah Forrest, seven hundred 
and seventy five Pounds fourteen shillings and four Pence for the 
use of Robert Buchanan p Acc^ passed by the Aud Gen' 



36 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Tuesday 14*^ December 1779 

No. 23 
December 14 Present as on Yesterday. — 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Lieut Elijah 
Evans of the Rifle Regim' lately commanded by Col° Moses Raw- 
lings in the Continental Service one hundred and fifty Pounds the 
Allowance made the Officers in the Continental Service from this 
State by a Resolution of the Gen' Assembly passed the 11. Decem*" 
1778. and also the further Sum of two thousand Dollars in leiu of 
the Articles for the present year allowed by the Act of Assembly 
relating to the Officers & Soldiers ^l"^ 



December 15 Wednesday is'*" December 1779 

Present as on Yesterday. — 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to William Logan, 
three hundred Pounds due him per Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Com° Thomas Grason one thou- 
sand two hundred and thirty nine Pounds to pay for Beef Purchased 
by him for the State on Account. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj' John Neary of the 
I Regim' one Pair of Shoes. — 

Capt George Keeports is requested to furnish Serj* Richard Snook 
of the 2^ Reg' with what Cloathing is necessary for himself to be 
charged to the said Regim' and Serj' John Neary of the i Reg' 
I Shirt, I p*" Breeches & i p"" Stockings to be charged to the same 

Liber c C [Council to Capt. Geo. P. Keeports] 

No 22 
p. 46 Sir. The Quality of the Cloth is too good for the Purpose it is 

wanted and consequently the Price too high ; it would therefore be 
proper to purchase the Cloth we mentioned in our last at £7.10 
which supposing it to be about 300 y*^^ will leave a Deficiency of 
Cloth to make up 165 Overalls wanted in the Whole to compleat 
2000 Overalls, as we are informed by M'' Randall: this Deficiency, 
we request you to purchase on the best Terms you can. The coarse 
Linen you mention may be used in lining the Overalls, at least to the 
Knees. We are sorry to find M"" Faw has not lately sent you any 
Supplies; we expect you will soon receive from him, some Shirts 
and Stockings and that by next Week you will be prepared to send 
the Whole to Camp. If the Quality of the Stockings is such as will 
answer our Purpose, and the Price within Bounds, they must be 
bought. Cannot you obtain a Preference to the State, and inform us 
of the Quality and Price ? if not, we must leave it to your Discretion 
to obtain on the best Terms. We have lately bought some in this 
town, the quality indeed not very good, at 28 Dollars p pair. 



of the Council of Maryland. 37 

Thursday 16 December 1779 Liber C B 

Present as on Yesterday— Dc^'ce^bcr 16 

Commissions issued to Nath' Manning- appointed Capt in the room P- 9' 
of Thomas Eccleston, Levin Woolford i Lieut, Benjamin Wood- 
ward 2'' Lieut. — Augustus Wheatly Capt in the room of Arthur 
Wheatly, WilHam Dail i Lieut, Tliomas Wheeler 2'' Lieut, Thomas 
Vickars Ens — Levin Hubbard Capt in the room of James Woolford, 
Wilham Thomas i Lieut, John Lecompt 2^ Lieut, Thomas Hubbard 
Ens. — James Byns Capt in the room of Joseph Byns, Solomon Jones 
I Lieut, Joseph Hubbard 2 L* Samuel Hubbard Ens. Bestpitch 

Ens. of Capt. Edw^ard Stapleforts Comp^ belonging to the Lower 
Battalion of Militia in Dorchester County and also to Robert Rus- 
sum 2.^ Lieut of Capt Jacob Wrights Comp^ Sam' Hooper iL' Walter 
Rawley Ens of Capt Roger A Hoopers C° — John Miles i Lieut, 
Jeremiah Connerly Ens. of Capt James Wrights C° and William 
Morgan Ens. of Capt John Henry's Comp^', belonging to the Upper 
Battalion of Militia in Dorchester County — 

[Council to Capt Geo. P. Keeports] j^., ^ ^ 

Sir. Your Letter of Yesterday this Moment came to Hand. As ^o. 22 
our Army want Stockings and those offered by Mess" Dorsey & 
Hammond, tho' rather high, are from your Description, proper; 
We desire you will close with the Gentlemen at £175 p"" Dozen; the 
Quantity is one among other Inducements with us, to accept the 
Offer. The Blankets you have heretofore mentioned, we incline to 
take, even at £ii2..io..o and therefore request you will immediately 
secure them. The Council yesterday in their Answer to yours of the 
11^'^ Ins' gave you a discretionary Power of purchasing particular 
Cloths for Overalls and at the same Time refused to accept of those 
offered by Dorsey and Company, deeming them too good and too 
high for the Purpose intended. Leather Breeches, Col° Forrest 
thinks, would by no Means Suit Soldiers at this Season of the Year, 
if so they are not an Object with us. If the ten Pieces of f brown 
French Rateen at £11.5 p yard and the 11 Pieces of f blue Baize [Rateen was 
at £16.. 10 p yard, will do for Overalls ; We request you will purchase » thick 
them We rely upon your Attention and Activity in the Purchase of woolen 
Linen for Shirts and that you will advise us from Time to Time of cloth, 
your Prospects in getting Supplies of that and likewise the Article frizzed or 
of Blankets Send a List of the Cloathing carried to Camp by M'' Ran- '^^'it'' 
dall that we may ascertain the Deficiency. Surely you will not suffer 
the Gentlemen from Philadelphia or others, to carry from this State, 
any Article of Cloathing required by our Troops, when the Law of 
July Session 1779 entitled " An Act for the effectual preventing of 
Forestalling and Engrossing and for other Purposes therein men- 
tioned " expressly prohibits such Practices, unless licenced by this 
Board. 



curled nap.] 



38 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Friday 1 7* December 1779 — 

No. 23 
December 17 Present as on Yesterday. 

^■^^ Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to John Townly, 
forty nine Pounds, seven shilHngs & six Pence due him per Account 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

p. 92 Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Col° WiUiam 
Hyde two thousand six hundred and twenty eight Pounds five shil- 
lings for the use of Nicholas Maccubbin for Damages done his 
Houses by the Soldiery p Ace* allowed by the Ho. of Delegates. — 
That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Docf James Murray 
3 yards flannel for his Assistance to the Soldiery. — 

Pardon granted to Hugh Kelly of Baltimore County convicted 
in the Gen' Court for Forgery. — 

Liber C C [Council to The Delegates from Maryland in Congress.] 

No. 22 
p. 47 Gentlemen. We beg the Favor of you to forward the £419.. 3. .0 

herewith sent to the Treasury of Jersey before the first Day of next 
Month ; as it appears by a Resolve of the Assembly of that State, that 
Money emitted by Authority of the Jersey Provincial Congress must 
be deposited in the Treasury by that Time, or not to be redeemed. 
This is not properly the Business of this Board, nor would we trou- 
ble you on the Occasion, but to assist M"" Harwood, our Treasurer 
a worthy Officer who we have no Doubt you will as readily serve 



Liber C B Saturday 18 December 1779 

No. 23 
December 18 Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered that the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj' William 
Bowles of the 2^ Reg' i Coat and also to Serj' Thomas Guibert of 
the same Regim* i Coat and 2 p"" Shoes to be charged to the same 
Regiment — 



p. 92 



December 20 Monday 20* December 1779 

Present as on Saturday. — 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to George Ham- 
mond seven thousand three hundred and fifty Pounds to be delivered 
over to George P. Keeports to be by him expended in the Purchase 
of Cloathing for the Maryland Troops in the Continental Army. — 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Charles Scott of the 
I Regim' i p"" Breeches, i p*" Stockings and i p*" Overalls. — 



Liber C C [Council to His Excellency Thomas Jefferson Governor of Virginia] 

p j^y Sir. The enclosed is a Copy of Intelligence, this Moment received 
by this Board, from his Excellency the Chevalier De la Luzerne. 



of the Council of Maryland. 39 

We have taken the speediest Method of conveyinj^ it to your Excel- Liber C C 
lency, under an Tmjjression of the Propriety of j,nving- you the earli- ^'^- ^ 
est Intimation of the Design of the Enemy We have tlic Honor to 
be &'^'' 

[Council to Mons"" le Marquis de Vaudreuil or the Officer command- 
ing the Ships of War of his most Christian Majesty 
now in Chesapeake Bay.] 

Sir. The enclosed is a Copy of the Intelligence we just received by 
Express from his Excellency the Chevalier De la Luzerne and we 
have taken this Method as the most expeditious to apprise you of 
the Intention of the Enemy and to assure you that we will with the 
utmost Alacrity afiford every possible Aid that may be required, but 
at present are unable to concert any Means that may be of Service 
in frustrating the Designs of our common Foe We have the Honor 
to be &=^ 

Tuesday 21 December 1779 December 21 

Liber C B 
Present as on Yesterday. No. 23 

Commissions issued to Thomas Sprigg appointed Lieutenant of 
Washington County in the room of Daniel Hughes, who has re- 
moved to Baltimore Town and also to Thomas Johns appointed 
Coroner of Montgomery County. — 



Wednesday 22'' December 1779 December 22 

Present as on Yesterday. — 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Johnson 
two thousand five hundred and forty two Pounds, ten shillings per 
Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Isaac Perkins seven hundred 
and Eighty eight Pounds, fourteen shillings & four Pence p Ace* 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

Thursday 23*^ December 1779 December 23 

Present as on Yesterday. — 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Knapp, 
forty Eight Pounds, seven shillings and six Pence to be delivered 
over to George Mann and One hundred and sixty five Pounds, seven 
shillings and six Pence to be delivered over to William Whetcroft 
due them per Accounts passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj' John Smith of 
the 2^ Regim' one Coat and 2 pair of Shoes, to be charged to the 
said Regim' 



40 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Charles Wallace 
No. 23 j| yjjg piannel and John Davidson i\ yds flannel to be paid in 
Kind- 
Liber C C [Council to Capt. Geo. P. Keeports] 
No. 22 
p- 47 Sir. We have wrote by this Opportunity to M'' Calhoun to fur- 
nish, upon your Requisition, Waggons to convey the Cloathing 
already purchased, to M"" Randall and trust that you will not only 
have the Blankets, Cloth, Shirts h''^ which you and M"" Randall pur- 
chased, carefully packed up, but that you will have those sent you by 
M*" Faw, delivered to the Guard in the same State. The Guard is to 
be composed of a commissioned Officer, Sergeant Neary, and four 
Privates, the Serjeant and Privates are now in Baltimore Town, 
and, if there should be no commissioned Officer there, M'' Calhoun 
is desired to have a careful Person to command the Guard. Send an 
Invoice of the Particulars to M'' Randall and a Copy to this Board. 
There are a Parcel of Shoes and other Articles in the Hands of 
M'' Muir and a further Quantity is expected Shortly the whole shall 
be sent you about Monday next, in the Mean Time you may get 
what you have, in Readiness 

p. 48 [Council to James Calhoun Esquire] 

Sir The extreme Severity of the Season and the Wants of our 
Troops, induce us to request of you, a sufficient Number of Wag- 
gons to convey the Cloathing already purchased by the State to 
M'' Randall. The Quantity on Hand is not so considerable as we 
could wish, but some of the Articles are in great Request, more 
especially the Blankets ; we therefore solicit your good Offices in 
having them sent on without Loss of Time. There are five Men now 
in Baltimore of our Line, Sergeant Neary and four Privates ; these 
might serve as a Guard, if you could put them under the Command 
of a commissioned Officer, and, in Case no Officer should be on the 
Spot, a prudent Man hired for the Purpose of commanding the 
Guard would answer the Purpose. 



December 24 Friday 24 December 1779 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday. — 
P'^^ Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to James Roper 
Twenty five Pounds, ten shillings due him per Account passed by 
the Aud Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Richard Dallam Twenty five 
thousand Pounds to be expended in the Purchase of Flour for the 
Continental Army. — 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Littell forty nine Pounds 
due him p Account passed by the Auditor Gen* 



of the Council of Maryland. 41 

That the said Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn Two hundred and Liber C B 
Eleven Pounds, five shillings due him per Account passed by the ^^ 

Aud. Gen' 

That Capt Georj^e Keeports deliver to Samuel Chase Esquire or 
his order the ten 4*'' Guns with their Carriages which were taken 
from the Conqueror Galley. M*" Chase paying the same Price for 
them, as the Governor and Council may receive from the four Pound- 
ers with their Carriages now to be disposed of, belonging to the 
Chester Galley. — 

Joshua Cord a Private in the Matros.ses, stationed in the City of 
Annapolis, has Permission to go on Furlough in the Country to 
see his Friends so that he return back to the same Place on or before 
the 15 Day of February next. — 

[Council to Colo. Samuel Smith] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir. The Proposals in yours of the 23*^ Ins' have been considered P- 48 
and they do not appear to be such as we can, with Propriety, close 
with. We have already had Offers much more advantageous and 
think, every Gentleman who may be inclined to treat with us should 
take into Consideration that without a Connexion with us on Ac- 
count of the Public, they cannot have the Benefit of exporting the 
Article which yields the greatest Profit in the West Indies 



Sunday 26 December 1779. December 26 

Liber C B 

Present as on Friday. — No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Stephen Steward 
Esq'' Thirty thousand Pounds on Account of Goods Purchased of 
him. — 



P-93 



[Gov. Lee to His Excellency General Washington] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir. I had the Honor to receive your Excellency's Letter of the p.48 
16''' Ins* in the Evening of the 24**^ The important Subject of it was 
instantly communicated to the General Assembly of this State which, 
happily, was then sitting, and I have the Pleasure to assure your 
Excellency, the Resolution of that Honorable Body is, to make the 
most vigorous Exertions, in sending forward every Supply the State 
is capable of furnishing. The Enclosure is a Copy of the Law passed 
for the Purpose, which, I trust, is a clear Manifestation of their 
laudable Intentions, and which, judging of the Disposition of other 
States from our own, I flatter myself affords a well grounded Hope 
that the Wants of the Army, will be speedily satisfied. 

I have the Honor to be with the most respectful Attachment 
¥■■ Ex^" &" 



42 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Monday 27 December 1779 

No. 23 
December 27 Present as on Yesterday. 

Commission issued to Joseph Howard Jun"" appointed Coroner of 
Ann Arundel County 

Ordered that John Taylor Esquire Collector of the Tax for Har- 
ford County pay unto Richard Dallam, Ignatius Wheeler, and 
Edward Talbot (Commissioners under the Act entitled An Act for 
the immediate Supply of Flour and other Provisions for the Army) 
Thirty thousand Pounds to enable them to carry the said Act into 
Execution. 

Liber C C [Council Colo. Henry Hollingsworth] 

No. 22 
p. 48 Sir. We have received your Letter of the 21^* Ins' by Express; 

the Contents were communicated to, and your Letters of former 
Dates on the same Subject, laid before the General Assembly. We 
cannot recommend this as a proper Place for the Troops destined to 
the Southward, to embark from, as there are not, at present, Craft 
sufficient to carry them, nor is this Board cloathed with Powers to 
impress a Bill, however, is originating, in the Senate, to enable us, 
[to impress] on Emergencies, Vessels Carriages and Teams, to expe- 
dite the March of Troops &*^^ through this, into other States, but what 
the Fate of that Bill may be, is altogether uncertain. We imagine 
you are not unacquainted with the disagreeable Situation of our 
Army, therefore suggest to you the Advantage of having a Number 
of Waggons immediately engaged to forward the Flour which may 
be furnished in Virtue of a Law of the present Session, for the Sup- 
ply of Flour and other Provisions for the Army. Having the firmest 
reliance on your Zeal & Activity we intimated the Propriety of the 
Measure 

p. 49 [Council to Capt. George P. Keeports] 

Sir. We have been disappointed, in getting the Number of Shoes 
we had Reason to expect when we wrote you last; you are there- 
fore desired to dispatch the Cloathing on Hand with the utmost 
Expedition 

December 29 Wednesday 29 December 1779 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on Monday. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Prout 
and James Hammond Matrosses on Furlough of the late Capt Gates 
Comp^ of Artillery from this State now at Camp one pair of Shoes 
each and charge to the Company. — 

Commission issued to Walter Hanson, John Dent, Robert Young, 
Richard Barnes and Walter Hanson Jenifer appointed Judges of the 
Orphans Court for Charles County. 



P-93 



of the Council of Maryland. 43 

By his Excellency Thomas Sim Lee Esquire Governor of Liber C B 
Maryland ^°- ^^ 

A Proclamation — 

Whereas it is represented by the most unquestionable Authority, 
that the Army of the United States is greatly distressed for want 
of Flour and Fora.i^e and that they will infallibly flisband unless 
the most speedy and Extraordinary exertions are made by this State 
to procure those Supplies for their relief And Whereas the General 
Assembly have enacted a Law entitled " An Act for the immediate P- 94 
Supply of Flour and other Provisions for the Army " which requires 
the utmost efforts of every worthy Citizen of this State, to carry 
the same into full and speedy Execution. I do therefore most 
earnestly intreat, conjure require and enjoin all Justices of the Peace, 
Sheriffs and their Deputies Constables and all other the g-ood Citi- 
zens of this State by that Love of their Country, that Patriotic Zeal 
and Magnanimity which have hitherto distinguished their Conduct, 
in the present glorious Contest for Life, Liberty and property, to 
exert themselves to the utmost of this Critical emergency in procur- 
ing and furnishing Flour and other Provisions for the immediate 
relief of the Army in their present Alarming distress and rendering 
every Assistance to the Commissioners in carrying the said Law 
into Execution 

Given at Annapolis the Twenty ninth Day of December in the year 
of our Lord seventeen hundred and seventy nine Tho Sim Lee 

By his Excellency's Command T. Johnson Jun'r Secy 

God Save the State 

[Council to the Commissioners of the different Counties] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Gentlemen. The General Assembly reposing the most entire Con- P- 49 
fidence in your Integrity Patriotic Zeal and Attachment to the com- 
mon Cause, have appointed you Commissioners for — Countv to 
carry into Execution the " Act for the immediate Supply of Flour 
and other Provisions for the Army." The enclosed Copy of his 
Excellency General Washington's Letter, manifests, in the strongest 
Terms, the great Distress of the Army, and the urgent Necessity 
of your most vigorous Exertions to procure and forward a sufficient 
Supply of Flour and the other Articles enumerated in the Act. Your 
own Discernment is sufficient to point out the manifold Evils that 
would result from so calamitous an Event as the Disbanding the 
Army and will suggest to you that the Happiness of yourselves and 
Posterity, may depend on your Diligence and Activitv in executing 
the Law. and your Endeavours to dispose the People of your County, 
not only to acquiesce in, but further the Measures of the General 
Assembly in attaining so desirable an Object as the immediate Sup- 
ply of our Army with Flour and other Necessaries. You may rely 



44 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C on our Assistance, to remove every Obstacle that might impede, or 
No. 22 j.gj^(jgj. a fyii a^j^jj speedy Execution of this Law, difficult. The Copy 
herewith sent, is sufficient, without particular Instructions from us, 
to direct you how the Business entrusted to your Care and Manage- 
ment, is to be conducted. We expect you will make Returns to us, 
every Fortnight, of the Quantity of Flour and other Articles ob- 
tained in Consequence of the Law. We advise you, in granting Cer- 
tificates, to consult the Ease and Convenience of the Person entitled, 
by giving Certificates for small Sums, if required. The Copy of the 
General's Letter is sent as the most authentic and indisputable Proff 
of the Truth of the Grounds of the Law merely for your Information 
and not to be communicated to any Person unless you think it will 
facilitate the Execution of the Law in particular Cases and induce 
a more chearful Compliance. We have enclosed you Certificates and 
a few Copies of the Proclamation. 

p. 49 [Council to the Sheriffs of the different Counties] 

Sir We have enclosed you four Proclamations, which you are, 
immediately on Receipt of this Letter, to read, publish and make 
known, or cause to be read, published and made known, by yourself 
and Deputies to the Inhabitants of your County, at the most public 
Places thereof. 

December 30 Thursday 30 December 1779 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to His Excellency 
Thomas Sim Lee Esq'' seven hundred and sixty Pounds, ten shillings 
due himself and one thousand Eight hundred and seventy five 
Pounds for the use of John Rogers Esq'' Chancellor the Compen- 
sation made by the General Assembly — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Beatty the following 
Sums of Money for the use of the several Persons thereto annexed 
p Accounts passed. 

Six Pounds for Henry Fero. Twenty seven Pounds for Henry 
Clemens. 

Seven Pounds, ninteen shillings for John Abell, three Pounds five 
shillings for John Gump 

Three Pounds for Martin Toshman, Seventy Pounds four shil- 
lings for David Levy 

Forty Pounds ten shillings for John Waggoner, Twenty eight 
Pounds, sixteen shill^^ for Ch^ Secrest 

Forty nine Pounds, ten shillings for Geo Bear, Twenty nine 
Pounds five shillings for Geo Beall 

Ten Pounds sixteen shillings for Sam' Dorfif Six Pounds fifteen 
shillings for John Cray 



p. 94 



of the Council of Maryland. 45 

Fifteen Pounds six shillings for Thomas Long, Twenty seven Lifter C B 
Pounds for Timothy Swain ' "' ^^ 

Twenty seven Pounds for Godfried Hallow, Fourteen Pounds 
Eight Shillings for James Dofld. 

Six hundred and Eighty eight Pounds and one hundred and 
Twenty two Pounds ten shillings for Richard Haff and also the 
further Sum of Twenty six thousand seven hundred and Eighty two 
Pounds two shillings and ten Pence to be deliv'* over to Abraham 
Faw on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Brice Esq"" Thirty Pounds 
for his Allowance in Council to the 9"^ November inclusive at £3 "p 
day and one thousand five hundred and fifty eight Pounds the Com- 
pensation made him by the Gen' Assembly and the further Sum of 
Eight hundred and forty Pounds for his Attend^ in Council from 
the 10"^ day of Nbvem*" to this Inst inclusive 42 Days — 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Hyde sixty two Pounds 
ten shillings due him as ass' CI. to the Gov'' & Council being the Bai 
of the Compensation made him by the Gen' Assembly. — 

Commissions issued to James Matthews and Clement Lewis ap- p. 95 
pointed Coroners of Harford County — 

This Board being of opinion that it would be the means of pro- 
curing a higher price for the Salt Petre, Salt Pans, Kettles and other 
Utensils for making Salt or Salt Petre, belonging to this State in 
the hands of Contractors and others, if such Persons were directed 
to sell the same at the places were they are now Deposited. 

Ordered therefore that all Contractors and others, having any of 
the above enumerated Articles in their Possession be authorized and 
directed to sell the same at public Sale immediately and render an 
Account of such Sales to this Board. — 

Friday 31 December 1779. December 31 

Present as on Yesterday. — 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Henry 
Esq"" five thousand four hundred Pounds due him for his Attend^ in 
Congress p Account passed by the Aud Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Joseph Dowson. two thousand. 
three hundred and sixty two Pounds, ten shillings for 180 pair of 
Stockings purchased of him by the Governor and Council and De- 
livered to John Muir Commissary of Stores for the Use of the Con- 
tinental Army. — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Beatty Esq'' one thousand 
one hundred and ninty five Pounds to be delivered over to Capt 
Richard Hafif for the use of himself & Guard over the Magazine near 
Frederick Town to be by him Accounted for. 



46 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to John Crysall Eight hundred and 
°' ^^ Eighty six Pounds Eleven shillings on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Duckett four hundred and 
fifty Pounds the Compensation made him by the General Assembly 
for past Services as Clerk to the Ho. of Dei 

That the said Treasurer pay to Daniel Carroll Esq*" fifty seven 
Pounds for his Attend^ in Council to the 9* of November inclusive 
a £3 p day and the further Sum of one thousand four hundred and 
sixty two Pounds ten shillings the Compensation made him by the 
Gen' Assembly 

That the said Treasurer pay to Daniel of S' Thomas Jenifer Esq'' 
Two thousand Eight hundred and twenty five Pounds the bal^ due 
him for his Attend^ as a Delegate to Congress per Account passed 
by the Aud. General. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Duckett three hundred and 
thirty three Pounds, six shillings and Eight Pence for 2 Months 
Salary as Q. to the House of Delegates per Account passed by the 
Aud Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jeremiah Townley Chase Esq"" 
nine hundred and Twenty Pounds for his Attendance in Council 
46 Days. — 

Liber C C [Council to Mr Abraham Faw] 

No. 22 . 

p. 50 Sir. We would not have you do any Thmg more to the Barracks 

at present but advise you to have the Sashes taken out and secured, 

to prevent any further Damage to them. If you have any Cloathing 

on Hand, we wish you to forward it immediately to M"" Keeports. 

We would have you purchase Linen for three or four Hundred 

Shirts, provided you can get it at the Price you mention, to supply 

the Recruits to be raised by the late Act. 



Liber C B Saturday i^' January 1780 

1780 Present as on yesterday — 
Tanuarv^i Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to the Continental 
Treasurer out of the money collected and paid into his hands in 
Virtue of the additional Supplement to the Act entitled an Act to 
raise Supplies for the year seventeen hundred and seventy nine six 
hundred and twenty five thousand three hundred and thirty three 
Dollars & one third of a Dollar being Part of the four Million six 
hundred and Eighty thousand Dollars appropriated to the use of 
Congress by that Act. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq*" seven hundred 
& seventy five Pounds ten shillings for flour for the state p an. 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 



of the Council of Maryland. 47 

Ordered That Capt. Keeports deliver to Samuel Chase Esq' or Liber C B 
his Order a Barrel of Cannon Powfler the Price to be the same as ^^^^ 
the same kind of Powder shall sell for. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. George Keeports 
Fifteen thousand Pounds to be applied in Purchasin}:^ Cloathing for 
the Continental Army and Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq*" one thousand and 
forty Pounds for his Attendance to the 31 of December inclusive 
52 Days. 

[Council to Capt. Geo. P. Keeports] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir. It is necessary that the utmost Expedition should be used in p. 50 

transporting the Cloathing for our Quota of the Army of the United 

States to Camp, and we do instruct you to procure in Hire, such 

a Number of Waggons as will be sufficient for that Purpose, You 

must attend the Waggons in Person and take such a Guard as you 

think necessary. When you arrive at Camp, you are to deliver the 

Cloathing to M' John Randall State Cloathier and take his Receipt 

for the same. You are to apply to M"' James Calhoun of Baltimore 

Town and request him to give you an Order on the Continental 

Quarter Master for Forage for the Horses — 



Monday 3'''' January 1780 Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on Saturday. p. 96 

Commission of a Letter of Marque & Reprisal issued to James J^""^''-'' ^ 
Forbes Commander of the Brig Hercules, 40 Tons burthen mounting 
12 Carriage Guns and 12 small Arms, belonging to Young, Knox 
& C° of Baltimore and dated 25 of Septem"" last. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Levin 
Handy of the 5"" Maryland Regiment 14 yds Linen thread sufficient 
to make it up, and 2 pair of Stockings in part of the Allowance made 
by the General Assembly and to be charged at the price for which 
the same might have been procured and Purchased at the Commence- 
ment of the present war with Great Britain. 

[Council To the Recruiting Officers in St. Mary's Charles, Prince Liber C C 
Georges, Montgomery, Washington, Frederick, Baltimore No. 22 
Harford, Cecil, Kent, Queen Ann's and Talbot Counties.] ^'^° 

Sir This Board reposing Confidence in your Zeal and Activity 
to promote the Cause of Liberty, have appointed you one of the Re- 
cruiting Officers for County and have to observe by Way of 

Instructions, that you must, in discharging your Duty, pursue the 
Directions contained in the " Act for recruiting the Quota of Troops 
of this State in the American Army," herewith sent. For the Sub- 



48 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C sistence of the Recruits enlisted by you, we advise you to purchase 
No. 22 Provisions Sufficient for that Purpose and to allow each Recruit 
the Continental Rations. To enable you to make such Purchase and 
to pay the Continental and State Bounties, we have sent you an 
Order on the Collector of the Tax for your County for three thou- 
sand Dollars. You must render us an Account of the Money ex- 
pended in the Purchase of Provisions to subsist your Recruits and 
in paying the Bounties and inform when more Money will be neces- 
sary for this Service. Should there be a Recruiting Officer in your 
County from Camp, you must deliver your Recruits to such Officer, 
as soon as you can, after they are passed, if not, you must deliver 
them to the Recruiting Officer in any other County that is most Con- 
venient. Should there be an Issuing Commissary in your County, 
and convenient, it will be proper to draw the Rations for your Re- 
cruits from him. You are to use every Precaution to avoid enlisting 
British or foreign Deserters ; the most particular Attention to this 
Object of your Instructions will be necessary to prevent Imposition 

p. SI [Council to the Recruiting Officers in Ann Arundel County.] 

Sir This Board reposing Confidence in your Zeal and Activity to 
promote the Course of Liberty, have appointed you one of the Re- 
cruiting Officers for Ann Arundel County and have to observe, by 
way of Instructions that you must, in discharging Duty, pursue the 
Directions contained in the " Act for recruiting the Quota of Troops 
of this State in the American Army " herewith sent, Upon Applica- 
tion to this Board, you may be supplied with Money to recruit with. 
You must render us an Account of the Money expended in paying 
the Bounties and inform us when more Money will be necessary for 
this Service. 

You are to use every Precaution to avoid enlisting British or for- 
eign Deserters; the most particular Attention to this Object of your 
Instructions will be necessary to prevent Imposition. Your Recruits 
are to be allowed the Continental Rations for their Subsistance and 
you must draw on the Commissary of Issues in this City. As soon 
as your Recruits are passed, you must deliver them to the Recruiting 
Officer from Camp in this County ; should there not be one here, you 
are to deliver them to Cap* John Chalmers in this City. 

[Council To the Recruiting Officers in Somerset, Worcester, Caroline 
and Dorchester Counties] 

Sir This Board reposing Confidence in your Zeal and Activity 
to promote the Cause of Liberty, have appointed you one of the 

Recruiting Officers for County and have to observe, by Way 

of Instructions, that you must in discharging your Duty, pursue the 
Directions contained in the " Act for recruiting the Quota of Troops 



of the Council of Maryland. 49 

of this State in the American Army " herewith sent. For the Sulj- LiU-r C C 
sistence of the Recruits enlisted by you, we advise you to purchase ^"- ^^ 
Provisions sufficient for that Purpose and to allow each Recruit the 
Continental Rations. To enable you to make such Purchase, we have 
sent you an Order on the Sheriff of your County for shouKl 

there be a Recruiting Officer in your County from Camp, you must 
deliver your Recruits to such Officer, as soon as you can, after they 
are passed, if not, you must deliver them to the Recruiting Ofificers 
in any other County that is most convenient. 



Tuesday 4"" January 1780 January 4 

Liber C B 
Present as on Yesterday. No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Henry Ridgely ^' ^ 
four hundred and fifty Pounds being the Compensation allowed him 
by the Gen' Assembly as cf to the Senate and also the further sum of 
three hundred and thirty three Pounds six shillings and Eight Pence 
due him for his Salary as Clerk to the Senate 2 months to the i*' 
Instant as per Account passed by the Dep'' Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Beriah Maybury one hun- 
dred and seventy Pounds, ten shillings due him per Account passed 
by the Dep^ Aud"" and the further Sum of one hundred and fifty 
Pounds on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Levin Handy five thousand 
Dollars to be expended in the recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That John Strawbridge Collector for Cecil County pay unto 
Thomas Harwood Esq"" Continental Treasurer or order ninety three 
thousand seven hundred and fifty Pounds Current Money as part 
of the four Million six hundred and Eighty thousand Dollars appro- 
priated to the use of Congress by the General Assembly to be sub- 
ject to the Order of Col° Henry Hollingsworth being part of the 
four hundred thousand Dollars granted to Charles Pettit by warrant 
from Congress dated December 22*^ I779- 

That Robertson Stevens Collector of the Tax for Dorchester 
County pay to Jacob Staten a Recruiting Officer for the said County 
one thousand Dollars also to John Stewart recruiting Officer in said 
County one thousand Dollars and to Benjamin Bailey one thousand 
Dollars to be expended in the Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That William Hooper Collector of the Tax for Caroline County 
pay to Peter Rich & Benjamin Sylvester Recruiting OflScers for said 
County one thousand Dollars each to be expended in the recruiting 
Service and Accounted for. 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Somerset Count}' pay p. 97 
to Capt. Levin Handy Fifteen thousand Dollars to be expended in 
the Recruiting Service and Accounted for 



50 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the Collector of the Tax for Worcester County pay to the 
No. 23 g^jjj Capt. Levin Handy Fifteen thousand Dollars to be expended in 
the Recruiting Service & Accounted for — 

Liber C C [Council to Col. Ephraim Blaine] 

No. 22 
p. SI Sir. Enclosed we send you an Act for the more effectual prevent- 
ing forestaling and Engrossing and for other Purposes therein men- 
tioned, containing Matters, we apprehend, necessary for your 
Information 

[Council to His Excellency Benjamin Franklin] 

Sir You will perceive by the enclosed Act, that the General As- 
sembly of this State have invested you with Authority to appoint 
one of the five Gentlemen nominated therein. Trustee for the Pur- 
pose of carrying the same into Execution, in Case the Trustees here- 
tofore appointed by the Province of Maryland, should neglect or 
refuse to act. We request your Excellency to transmit a Copy of the 
Act to Mess''^ Russell, Grove and Hanbury, Trustees appointed by the 
old Government, and desire their immediate Answer, whether they 
will transact Business, sell out the Stock, accept and pay the Bills 
drawn in Pursuance of the Act. If they will execute the Trust, we 
p. 52 would have them directed to sell out the Stock immediately and 
place the Money in the Hands of some capital Banker in Amsterdam 
or Paris, subject to their Draughts, in Case Bills should be drawn on 
them. If the Trustees decline acting, we desire you would send the 
Trustee appointed by your Excellency, a Copy of the Act, with 
similar Directions to those above. As the Proceedings of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of this State, relative to British Property, may reach 
your Excellency as soon as this Letter, we think it necessary that 
you should be precisely informed on this Subject, to prevent Mis- 
representation and to obviate any Difficulties that may occur in the 
Transaction of this Business. The House of Delegates, during their 
last Sessions, proposed a Bill for the Seizure and Confiscation of all 
British Property, to the Use of the State, except Debts due from the 
Inhabitants of this State to the Subjects of the King of Great 
Britain; this Bill was rejected by the Senate not because they were 
against the Exception but because they deemed a Seizure and Con- 
fiscation of British Property at this Time, improper ; so that British 
Property here continues in the State it ever was. We have only to 
solicit so much of your Time and Attention to this Matter, as will 
be necessary to preserve the Property of this .State 

[Council to His Excellency John Jay Esqr.] 

Sir We have it in Command from the General Assembly of Mary- 
land to transmit to you a Copy of the Act for calling out of Circu- 



of the Council of Maryland. 51 

lation certain Bills of Credit emitted by Act of Assembly ; you will LiUr C C 
perceive, on Perusal of the Act, that a Power is delegated to you, in ^"- ^^ 
Case His Excellency Benjamin Franklin should die or decline to 
accept of the Trust reposed in him, to appoint one of the five Gen- 
tlemen nominated in the Act, Trustee for the Purpose of carrying 
the same into Execution. In Case either of those Events should 
happen we request your Excellency to transmit a Copy of the Act 
to Mess" Russell, Grove and Hanbury, Trustees appointed by the 
old Government and desire their immediate Answer whether they 
will transact the Business, sell out the Stock, accept and pay the 
Bills drawn in Pursuance of the Act If they will execute the Trust, 
we would have them directed to sell out the Stock immediately anrl 
place the Money in the Hands of some capital Banker in Amsterdam 
or Paris, subject to their Draughts in Case Bills should be drawn 
on them. If the Trustees decline acting, we desire you would send 
the Trustee appointed by your Excellency, a Copy of the Act with 
similar Directions to those above. As the Proceedings of the General 
Assembly of this State ; relative to British Property, may reach your 
Excellency as soon as this Letter, we think it necessary that you 
should be precisely informed on this Subject to prevent Misrepre- 
sentation and to obviate any Difficulties that may occur in the Trans- 
action of this Business. 

The House of Delegates, during their last Sessions, proposed a 
Bill for the Seizure and Confiscation of all British Property, to the 
Use of the State, except Debts due from the Inhabitants of this State 
to the Subjects of the King of Great Britain; this Bill was rejected 
by the Senate, not because they were against the Exception, but 
because they deemed a Seizure and Confiscation of British Property, 
at this Time improper, so that British Property here, continues in 
the State it ever was We have only to request so much of your 
Excellency's Attention to this Business that the Design of the Act 
may not be frustrated for want of a proper Person to execute it 



Wednesday 5**^ January 1780. Liber C B 

Present as on Yesterday — p ^7 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas John- 
son Jun"" d. to the Governor and Council seven hundred and Eighty 
three Pounds, six shillings and Eight Pence the balance of 2 Months 
Salary to the i^ Instant. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Hyde Eight hundred and 
thirty three Pounds, six shillings and Eight Pence due him for 2 
months Salary as Ass* cl. to the Governor and Council to the i''* 
Instant. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Reith Messenger to the 
Governor and Council, Three hundred and fifty Eight Pounds, 



52 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Eighteen shillings and seven Pence due him per Account passed by 
^°- ^3 the Depy Aud-- 

Ordered that Comm° Grason deliver to Col° William Richardson 
an Account of the Owners of the Brig Talbot, 2 4*** Carriage Guns 
and Carriages, 2 Breechens, 2 Gun Tackles 4 Gun Tackles, 2 Worms 
and Ladles, 2 Rammers and Spunges, 2 Cartridge Boxes, 2 powder 
horns & Prickers 2 Bitts, 100 round and 25 Double headed Shot, 2 
Leaden Aprons — i Anchor 790* i Cable 1840*. The Owners of the 
said Brig are to pay the same Price for them that the other four 
Pounders and Articles above mentioned to be disposed of by the 
Governor and Council shall sell for except the Anchor and Cable 
which they have sold him for £7.100. 

Liber C C [Council to William Smith Esqr.] 

p_ 53 Sir We received your Favors of the 3*^ Ins* by Express. As the 
grand Object of the Act for the immediate Supply &" is to procure 
an immediate and full supply of Provisions for our Army, it was 
necessary that the Commissioners should be vested with extraordi- 
nary Powers, that those Powers should be accurately defined and 
that the Mode to be pursued by them should be plainly delineated, 
which is done. We do not think that Flour and Wheat purchased 
for the Marine of France priveleged or exempted from Seizure ; and 
we are certain it was not the Intention of the Legislature that those 
Articles should be, because such Exemption would in a great De- 
gree, if not wholly frustrate the Design of the Law. We esteem it 
our Duty to afiford the Commissioners every Aid in our Power to 
facilitate the Execution of the Law, and therefore cannot at this 
Time, grant Permission to export Flour, because we should thereby 
restrain that extensive Operation of the Act, by which alone we can 
obtain an immediate Supply adequate to our pressing Wants. We 
are sensible of its Importance that the Marine of France should be 
furnished with Flour and it is with the utmost Regret, we have 
refused Permission and Nothing could have induced us to do it but 
the alarming and distressful Situation of our Army, and when we 
have Assurances that their Wants are relieved, we shall with Pleas- 
ure, grant Licence as heretofore. The numerous Evils that would 
result from procrastinating, the Supplies when contrasted with the 
Inconveniencies alluded to by you, will, we trust evince the Pro- 
priety of our Conduct and justify our Refusal. We will send you 
the Account for that furnished Cap* Harrison by the next opportunity 

Liber C B Friday 7 January 1780 

January"? Present as on Wednesday — 

P-97 Ordered That Serj. Richard Welsh deliver to John Davidson 
I Barrel Cannon Powder 12 Fathom Match Rope and 32 four pound 
Shot M'' Davidson is to pay the same Price for them that the same 
Articles to be disposed of by the Governor & Council shall sell for 



of the Council of Maryland. 53 

Saturday 8 January 17S0 Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on Yesterday — January 8 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Baltimore County pay 
to Richard Lemmon three thousand Pounds, one thousand Pounds 
part thereof to be by him retained one thousand Pounds other Part 
to be delivered to John M'^Clellan and the remaining one thousand 
Pounds to be delivered to Isaac Griest to enable them to carry into 
Execution, the Act for the immediate Supply of Flour and other 
Provisions for the Army & to be Accounted for. 

[Council to James Calhoun Esqr.] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir We request you to give Orders that the Drivers of Teams sent P- 53 

to transport Supplies for the Army by the Commissioners appointed 

by the Act for the immediate Supply &" be furnished with necessary 

Provisions and Forage for themselves and Horses 



Monday 10 January 1780 — Liber C B 

Present as on Saturday— January 10 

■^ P-97 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Commodore 
Grason for Negro Thomas a Cooper belonging to this State 2 Shirts, 
I Jacket, I pair Hose i p*" Breeches, & i p"" shoes or what of them 
he has. 

[Council to Robert Buchanan Esqr.] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir We this Morning received your Letter by M"" Allen, we can- p- 53 
not think that the Information you have received and communicated 
to us, is sufficient to warrant a Suspension of the Act for the imme- 
diate Supply &'^^ nor can we direct the Commissioners to cease to 
act according to that Law until we are ascertained that a Sufficient 
Quantity of Flour to Supply the Army has been obtained 



January 11 



Tuesday 11 January 1780 Liber C B 

No. 23 

Present as on Yesterday p. 98 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Joseph 

Marbury of the 3*^ Maryland Reg' Two thousand Dollars to be 

expended in the recruiting Service & Accounted for 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Samuel Farmer of the 3*^ 

Regim' Two thousand Dollars to be expended in the recruiting 

Service and Accounted for 



54 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. WilHam Beatty of the 7'^ 
No. 23 Regiment Two thousand Dollars to be expended in the Recruiting 
Service and Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt Lieut. Lloyd Beall of the 
7"^ Maryl"^ Regim' Two thousand Dollars to be by him expended in 
the Recruiting Service & Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Henry C. Gaither of the i^' 
Regiment to be expended in the recruiting Service and accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Montgomery County pay to 
Capt. Henry Chew Gaither of the i^^ Regim* Ten thousand Dollars 
to Lieut Samuel Farmer of the 3*^ Reg. five thousand Dollars, to 
Capt. Lieut. W" Lloyd Beall of the 7"" Regim* ten thousand Dollars 
and also to Solomon Stympson, Basil Roberts, William Carter & 
Greenbury Gaither recruiting Officers for Montgomery County three 
thousand Dollars, each, to be expended in the recruiting service & 
Ace** for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Charles County pay to Capt 
Joseph Marbury of the 3** Reg* Ten thousand Dollars, also to William 
Layman, Thomas Dyson & James Fernandes recruiting Officers for 
said County three thousand Dollars each to be expended in the re- 
cruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Frederick County pay to Capt 
William Beatty of the 7 Regim' ten thousand Dollars also to Peter 
Castle, Basil Wood, Joseph Swearingan, Philip Barrack, Abraham 
Lancaster, Philip Meroney, Adam Good & Hart recruiting 

Officers for said County Three thousand Dollars each to be expended 
in the recruiting Service & Accounted for 

That the Collector of the Tax for Baltimore County pay to 
L* Samuel Farmer of the 3*^ Reg' five thousand Dollars to be ex- 
pended in the recruiting Service and Accounted for 

That the said Collector of Baltimore County pay to Thomas 
Harwood Esq"" Continental Treasurer, or order, one hundred and 
fifty thousand Dollars as part of the four Million six hundred & 
Eighty thousand Dollars appropriated to the use of Congress by the 
General Assembly of this State. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Saint Marys County pay to 
Lieut Nich^ Manger, James Thomas & John Armstrong Recruiting 
Officers for said County three thousand Dollars each to be expended 
in the recruiting Service & Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Washington County pay to 
Adam Ott Nicholas Swingly & Richard Davis Recruiting Ofificers 
for said County three thousand Dollars each to be expended in the 
recruiting Service & Accounted for. 



of the Council of Maryland. 55 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt Jos. Marbury & Liber C B 
Nicholas Manj^er of the s'' Reg* Capt. William Beatty of the 7"' ^''- ^^ 
Capt Henry C. Gaither & L* Sam' Hanson of the i Reg' each, 14 yds 
Linen, thread suff to make it up and 2 pair of Stockings in Part of 
the Allowance made by the Gen' Assembly. 



Wednesday 12 January 1780 January 12 

Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Samuel 
Farmer of the 3** Reg* Lieut Isaac Duvall of the same Regim' and 
Lieut Lloyd Beall of the 7 Regiment each 14 yds Linen, thread suffi- 
cient to make it up, 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 pair Stockings in 
part of the Articles allowed by the General Assembly. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt William 
Beatty of the 7"^ Regim* 5 hats, 9 pair Shoes, 15 pair Stockings, 8 
shirts, 3 pair Overalls, 3 Jackets and Cloth and Trimmings sufficient 
for I Coat to be charged to the same Regiment. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Joseph Mar- 
bury of the 3*^ Regim* 6 pair Shoes, 6 hats, 2 Jackets, Linen sufficient 
for 12 Shirts, 2 pair Stockings and Cloth sufficient for 6 pair Over- 
alls to be charged to the said Regiment. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Thomas Johnson 
jun"" 4 yds flannel two for M" Bull and the other two for Mrs. John- 
son to be returned or paid for — 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Lieut Isaac Duvall of 
the 3*^ Regim' sixty three Pounds p ace. passed by the Dep^ Aud"" 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Annis thirty Pounds p. ac- 
count passed by the Depy. Audr. 



[Council to Charles G. Griffith Esqr. Lieut, of Montgomery County] Lj^er c C 

Sir We are called upon by Col° Rawlings for a Guard immedi- p. 53^^ 
ately at Fort Frederick and he is directed, if he can, to procure one 
in Washington, if not, to call on you agreeable to our former Direc- 
tions. We request you to have the Men in Readiness to march either 
for the Service immediately, or to relieve the Washington Guard, 
as you shall be called on by Col° Rawlings. 

[Council to Col. Moses Rawlings.] p. 54 

Sir The enclosed Letter to the Lieutenant of Washington, con- 
tains an Order for a Guard from that County, which w'e are induced 
to give from your Representation of the Necessity of having a Guard 
immediately and expect a ready Compliance. The Guard from IMont- 
gomery is still Subject to your Order when called for, which vou 



5^ Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C will do, if rendered necessary by a Disappointment in your County 
No. 22 ^hich we hope, will not be the Case. The Lieutenant of that County 
must be called upon, at least, in Time to relieve the Guard from 
Washington. 

[Council to Commissioners of County] 

Sir We have this Moment received Information from Col° Raw- 
lings that this Board of War have acquainted him that the Prisoners 
ordered to Fort Frederick will be up in a Few Days. It gives us 
Concern that we are under the inevitable Necessity, at this inclement 
Season of the Year, of calling on the Militia of your County : but 
the Service requires it and their Conduct hitherto convinces us, that 
they have such a Sense of their Duty, that they will, with Alacrity 
encounter any Hardships to promote the common Interest. We 
desire you would immediately order a full Company of the Militia 
of your County, of the Classes which have not yet served, consisting 
of one Captain two Lieutenants one Ensign, four Sergeants, four 
Corporals and sixty eight Privates, to hold themselves in Readiness 
to march to Fort Frederick as soon as they shall receive Orders from 
Col° Rawlings, who is to command them; they are to continue on 
Duty for five Weeks or until relieved, as we intend they shall be, as 
speedily as possible by a like Company from You are to sup- 

ply the Company with Arms and a reasonable Quantity of Am- 
munition. 

[Council to Mr. John Dorsey] 

rShalloon Sir, We are sorry we must trouble you to furnish the Officers 

was a closely -^j^ose Names are mentioned in the enclosed Paper, with the Cloth 

woven wool- 

en material, and Shalloon required by each. We request you would make a Memo- 

chiefly used randum of the Quantity and Kind delivered out and to whom 

for linings] ^ -^ 



Liber C B Thursday 13 January 1780 

°p, gg Present as on Yesterday. 
January tj Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Grason 
thirty seven Pounds ten shillings for the use of Thomas Sands due 
him per Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn seven hundred and 
five Pounds and also the further Sum of nine hundred and Eighty 
six Pounds, seventeen shillings and six Pence due him per Accounts 
passed by the Dep^ Aud'' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Coni° Thomas Grason five hun- 
dred Pounds on Ace' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Henry Gaither of 
the i^' Regim' 2 Shirts & 2 pair Shoes to be charged to said Regim* 



of the Council of Maryland. 57 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Lieut. Samuel Lilxrr C B 
Sadler of the Matrosses 3 yds Linen for Lininjj in part of the Allow- ' " ^^ 
ance made by the Gen' Assembly 

That the Collector of the Tax for Prince Georg-es County pay to 
Richard Duckett jun"" Two hundred Pounds to enable him to Carry 
into Execution the Act for the immediate supply of Flour and other 
Provisions for the Army to be Accounted for. 

That the said Collector pay to Marsh M. Duvall, Richard Stone- 
street & George Nailor jun*" recruiting OfiFicers, each three thousand 
Dollars to be expended in the recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Queen Anns County pay to 
Isaac Scrivener, George Findley, Robert Teat and William Clark of p. 100 
Will"" Recruiting Ofificers for said County each Three thousand Dol- 
lars to be expended in the Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Cecil County pay to 
Edward Evertson, James Caswell and John Concoa Recruiting Offi- 
cers for said County three thousand Dollars each to be expended in 
the Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Calvert County pay to John 
Mitchell and George Ireland recruiting Officers, each three thousand 
Dollars to be expended in the recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Talbot County pay to Thomas 
Hopkins and Levin Spedding Recruiting Officers each, three thou- 
sand Dollars to be expended in the Recruiting Service and Ac- 
counted for. 

Friday 14 January 1780 January 14 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Stephen Stew- 
ard 3^ yds Flannel to be returned or paid for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Kent County pay to Abraham 
Falconer and John Moore Recruiting Officers for said County three 
thousand Dollars each to be expended in the recruiting Service and 
Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Baltimore County pay to Joshua 
Cockey and Samuel Chester Recruiting Officers for said County three 
thousand Dollars each to be expended in the Recruiting Service and 
Accounted for. 

Saturday 15 January 1780 January is 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Maugh 
a Private in Capt. Sadler's Comp^ of Matrosses i pair of Shoes. 



58 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Young three 
No. 23 thousand nine hundred Pounds for 8 pieces of Green Cloth purchased 
of him by the Gov'' & Council for the use of the Army. 

Liber C C [Council to Mr. John Randall] 

No. 22 
p. 54 Sir. We intend by the first favourable Opportunity to forward to 

our Delegates in Congress about fifty thousand Pounds to be deliv- 
ered over to you in Order to supply our Officers and Soldiers with 
the several Articles allowed them by Law, except the Cloathing. 
As the Execution of this Business will probably call you to Philadel- 
phia, we think you may be certain of receiving the Sum we have 
mentioned when you get into that City. It will be proper to inform 
us how far this Money will go in procuring the Articles wanted that 
we may keep you supplied. 



Liber C B Monday 17 January 1780 

No. 23 
January 17 Present as on Saturday. — 

p. 100 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Nicholas Har- 

wood 2 Yards of Flannel to be returned or paid for. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Jacob Owens a 
Matross in the late Captain Gales Company now at Camp one pair 
of Shoes to be ch<^ to said ComP^ 

That the Collector of the Tax for Frederick County pay to Thomas 
Harwood Esquire Continental Treasurer or order one hundred thou- 
sand Dollars as part of the four Million six hundred and Eighty 
thousand Dolars appropriated to the use of Congress by the General 
Assembly of this State. 

Liber C C [Council to the Commissioners of Cecil County] 

No 22 u 

p. 55 Gentlernen — We received your Letter of the 14" Ins* and cannot 

forbear expressing our Surprize that our Letter of the 29*^ December 
had not then come to Hand, it was delivered to M'' Ward one of the 
Delegates for your County ; we sent with it a Copy of the Act for 
the immediate Supply &'''' an Extract of General Washington's Letter 
and a Number of Certificates. You will receive with this. Copies of 
the Act and our former Letter and an Extract from General Wash- 
ington's Letter. In Case of Disagreement between the Commission- 
ers and the Person whose Property is seized, the Law f>oints out 
the Mode to be pursued to ascertain the Price. It is our Opinion that 
Flour and Wheat purchased by the pretended or real French Agents 
is as Subject to Seizure as any other Flour or Wheat; because the 
Words of the Law are general and the Object of it is an immediate 
and full Supply for our distressed Army. After Seizure made of such 
Flour and Wheat, we advise you to take a particular Account of the 



of the Council of Maryland. 59 

Quantity of each and of the Persons in whose Possession it is seized, Liber C C 
in Order that we may fix with the utmost certainty the precise Quan- 
tity purchased under the Pretext of purchasing for the PVench. This 
will lead to a Detection of that Villany which we have the strong-est 
Reason to Suspect and to which we think the present Distresses of 
our Army may in great Measure be imputed. We would not have the 
Flour, seized in the Hands of French Agents, transported, until you 
receive our Orders, unless you have Assurances from good Author- 
ity, that it is necessary for the Relief of the Army ; for it is our Desire 
to avoid every-Thing that is offensive to the Minister of France or 
which may in any Manner counteract the Schemes or Plans con- 
certed by him, to annoy our common Enemy, or which may be con- 
strued into a Disinclination in us to grant him the necessary Supplies. 
We do not esteem it necessary, at this Time, to add any Thing more 
to what is suggested in our circular Letter. 



Tuesday i8 January 1780 January 18 

Liber C B 

Present as on Yesterday. — No. 23 

p. 100 
Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah p. loi 

Forrest Three hundred and seventy six Pounds, five shillings and 

Eleven Pence half penny for the Use of Col° John Moale and his 

Battalion of Militia in Baltimore Town -p Ace** Examined and passed 

by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah Forrest to be delivered 
over to Capt. Thomas Cromwell two thousand Dollars for the use 
of John Dean Maj'' of the 4''' Reg* and two thousand Dollars for the 
Use of Lieut Adam Hoops and two thousand Dollars for the Use 
of Ensign Isaac Hanson of the 4 Regim* Agreeably to the Act of 
Assembly. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Chalmers a Recruiting 
Officer in Ann Arundel County three thousand Dollars to be ex- 
pended in the Recruiting Service and Accounted. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Serj. Enoch McLane one thousand 
Eight hundred Dollars to be expended in the Recruiting Service and 
Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. George Hamilton of the 5*^ 
Regim' two thousand Dollars to be expended in the Recruiting Serv- 
ice and Accounted for. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. John Courts Jones 
12 Shirts, 12 pair shoes and 12 pair of Stockings for Gen' Small- 
woods Baggage Guard. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. John Courts 
Jones of the 7 Maryl"^ Regim' 14 yds Linen, for Shirts, thread suffi- 
cient to make them up and 2 pair of Stockings & 3 yds Linen for 



6o Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Lining and also the like Articles for each of General Smallwood and 
No. 23 jyj^jr stoddert, in part of the Articles allowed by the General 
Assembly. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Edward Edwards 
a private in the i Reg*", i shirt and i pair Stockings, to be charged 
to the said Regiment — 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. George 
Hamilton of the 5 Reg. 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 pair of Stock- 
ings in part of the Articles allowed by the Gen' Assembly. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to John M'^Lane a 
Recruit in the i*' Regim* Cloth and Trimings sufficient for I Coat, 
I Waistcoat, i p'' Breeches & i pair Overalls, i hat, i p"" Stockings 
I shirt, and i pair of Shoes and also to Benjamin Gray a Recruit 
I Blue Coat, Green Waistcoat, Breeches and Overalls, i Shirt, i hat, 
I p'' shoes and i pair Stockings, the Bounty allowed them by the 
General Assembly in the late Act for Recruiting the Quota of Troops 
in this State of the American Army. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Isaac Duvall 
of the 3*^ Regim* 3 yds Linen for Lining in part of the Articles 
allowed by the Gen' Ass^ 

That the Collector of the Tax for Cecil County pay to Capt George 
Hamilton of the 5* Regim' ten thousand Dollars to be expended in 
the recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Baltimore County pay to Peter 
Hann, William Towson, and Edmund Stansbury Recruiting Officers 
for said County three thousand Dollars each to be expended in the 
Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Lieut Isaac Duvall of the 
3<^ Regim* if yds blue Cloth, 172 yds white D° and 3 yds Shalloon 
of the Cloth lately purchased of John Dorsey &Co. taking an Account 
of the Quantity & kind and to whom delivered in part of the Article 
all*^ by the Gen' Assembly. 

Liber C C [Council to Capt. George P. Keeports] 

■ 55 Sir. We have purchased a considerable Quantity of Cloth 

[Baize was y^^ of Britanies and some Bohs of Baize of M"" John Dorsey, which 

formerly ^^ request you to take into your Possession likewise 56 Dozen Pair 

wooHn finer of yarn Stockings, bought of M'' M^Fadon. It gives us Concern to 

and lighter ^^^j. ^^^ ^lave not been able to proceed to Camp with the Cloathing. 

^^'sed ^for This Service is essential for the Relief of our Quota of Troops, and 

mritta? ^^^ ^^'^^ ^°P^ y°" ^^^' ^^ ^^'^ ^° procure Waggons for that Purpose 

was a woven in the Manner we directed. If you should not. will it be possible to 

fabric, usu- pj-Qcure Waggons to go as far as the Head of Elk? we will write to 

blend*ed with M"" Hollingsworth to assist you on from thence. It will be necessary 

cotton made ^ ^ y. ^^ g^i^s of Baize with you. for Blanketing for the Soldiers: 

originally in . , ^ -ui x j 

Brittany] mform US of what you are able to do. 



of the Council of Maryland. 6l 

[Council to the Commissioners for Baltimore Town] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Gentlemen We received your Letter of the 14'^ Ins' and should 
have attended to it sooner, had not other Business of Consequence, 
that then lay hefore us, required our immediate Notice. We lament 
that in the Execution of the Act for the immediate Supply &'^" the 
Utility of which is recognized by every Friend to his Country, you 
should be embarrassed with so many Difficulties. Little did we 
expect the Commissioners of Baltimore Town would have met with 
Opposition from any of its Inhabitants, in their Endeavours under 
the Act to procure Supplies for the Army, and less did we think any p. 56 
should be found so destitute of real Patriotism, as to bid Defiance to 
the supreme Authority of the State and the Officers appointed to 
execute the Law, that the Rest who have nobly distinguished them- 
selves in the Cause of Freedom and indicated a sincere and inviolable 
Attachment to their Country and Love for the Army, would with a 
Criminal Indifference, stand by and suffer the Officers of the State 
to be insulted and the Act, made for the professed and laudable Pur- 
pose of relieving the Army, suspended by arbitrary Power. We can- 
not suppose that the Inhabitants of the Town, whose Courage and 
Magnanimity were never questioned with Impunity, were deterred 
from rendering their Aid to the Commissioners, by the impotent 
Threats of a Few Individuals, of repelling Force, by Force, nor can 
we think they possess so little Discernment as to allow themselves 
to be imposed on by the shallow Artifices mentioned in your Letter, 
that the Commissioners had no Authority to impress Waggons in 
the Country from whence it is inferred that they had no Power to 
seize Flour purchased for the French : this must be the Conclusion, 
or it could have no Relation to the Subject. That if the Flour was 
seized, the Inhabitants would perish ! Were the Inhabitants to be 
supplied with that Flour? if they were, it was an Infringement of 
the Law and liable to be seized. M*" Smith cannot despise our Opin- 
ion more than we contemn his Conduct, which we esteem highly 
reprehensible, because it leads to Anarchy and Confusion and has a 
palpable Tendency to defeat or elude a Law founded on the most 
evident Necessity, the Execution of which the public Safety requires. 
On the most mature Consideration of the Business referred to us, 
we find no Reason to recede from our former Advice and Instruction 
and for your Satisfaction we will repeat so much as respects the pres- 
ent Subject. We think Flour and Wheat purchased for the French, 
liable to Seizure, and therefore would advise you to seize and secure 
such and to take a particular Account of the Quantity of each and 
the Person in whose Possession Seized. We are more particular 
because we are Solicitous to ascertain the Quantity of Flour and 
Wheat purchased in this State under the Pretext of acting as Agents 
for the French. We instruct you not to transport the Flour and 
Wheat purchased for the French, until you receive our further In- 



62 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C structions ; because we would, as far as the public Good admits, avoid 
^°- ^^ doing any Thing offensive to the Minister of France or which might 
counteract any Plans or Schemes concerted by him to annoy our 
common Enemy, or which might by the most forced Deductions be 
construed into a Disinclination in us, to furnish the French with 
the necessary Supplies. You are authorized by the Act to enter into 
any Granary; warehouse. Storehouse &'^^ where you Suspect any 
Flour or Wheat may be concealed or kept ; this you are to do peace- 
bly, if the Owner will permit you, but if you meet with Resistance 
you must call on the Justices, Sheriff, his Deputies, the Constables 
and all other the Inhabitants of your County, to assist you to carry 
the Law into a full and Speedy Execution. If they should refuse, 
which we cannot suppose, or in Case their Assistance should be in- 
sufficient, you must inform us, and we shall take proper Measures 
p. 57 to strengthen your Hands and enable you to do your Duty. It rests 
on our Minds that the Minister of France has Licence to purchase 
Flour and Wheat in our State to the Amount of eight thousand 
Barrels but we cannot, at this Time, after the most deligent Search, 
lay our Hands on the Papers from which we should be able to give 
you precise Information 



January 19 Wednesday 19 January 1780 

Liber C B _, ^_ , 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday. 

p. 102 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Benjamin Nich- 
olson Esq"" Judge of the Court of Admiralty one thousand one hun- 
dred and twenty five Pounds per Account passed and also six hun- 
dred and twenty five Pounds for 272 Months Salary to the 15th 
Instant. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Crisall three hundred Pounds 
on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Samuel Chase Esq"" Ten thousand 
Pounds for the use of John Dorsey &C° on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Elie Vallette one thousand five hun- 
' dred Pounds Bal* of Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That Com° Grason deliver to Capt. Frazier two 4I. Guns with 
their furniture at the request of Sam' Chase Esq'' who is to replace 
them in Baltimore Town. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to George Ledburn a re- 
cruit, a Blue Coat, green waistcoat Breeches and overalls, i Shirt, 
I hat, I p"" Shoes and i pair Stockings the Bounty allowed by the 
late Act of Assembly — 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt Richard 
Dorsey of Artillery 3 yds Linen for Lining and two pair of Stock- 
ings for himself and also 3 yds Linen and 2 p*" Stockings for Lieut 



of the Council of Maryland. 63 

Nicholas Ricketts of his Comp" in part of the Articles allowed by Liber C B 
the Gen' Assembly. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to John M'Lane a 
Recruit in the i Reg* and Benjamin Gray of the same Reg' one 
Blanket each. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Capt. Richard Dorsey of 
Artillery 3^^ yds Cloth and 3 yds Shalloon and also the same Articles 
for Lieut Nicholas Ricketts, in part of the Articles allowed by the 
Act of Assembly. — 

Whereas by the Act for the more effectual preventing forestalling 
& engrossing and for other purposes therein mentioned passed at a 
Session of Assembly begun and held at the City of Annapolis on the 
eighth day of November 1779 the Governor and Council are author- 
ized and requested to lay out and divide the several Counties of this 
State into eight Districts. In pursuance whereof it is hereby ordered 
that the several Counties in this State be divided and laid out into 
eight districts in the following manner to wit — Harford and Balti- 
more the first, Washington and Frederick the second, Montgomery 
and Prince Georges the third, Ann Arundel and Calvert the fourth, 
Charles and Saint Marys the fifth, Kent, Cecil and Queen Anns the 
sixth, Caroline, Talbot and Dorchester the seventh, Somerset and 
Worcester the Eig:hth District. 



[Council to Capt. George P. Keeports] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We have Nothing farther to add to what we wrote you yester- P- 58 
day. Tlie Charges of conveying the Cloathing are left to your Dis- 
cretion. We have this Day purchased of M"" John Dorsey 4 p^ more 
of Baize, which we would have kept to be delivered out for Blanket- 
ing to the Recruits likewise about 200 Pair of Stockings. We shall 
be glad to know who will have the Charge of the Cloathing left in 
your Absence. We desire you would measure one of the Pieces of 
Baize and inform us how many Yards it contains and what Number 
of Blankets it will make, doubled 

[Council to Richard Dallam Esqr] 

Sir This Day we received your Favor of the 15''' Ins' You must 
pursue the Directions of the Law in all Things that relate to the 
Trust reposed in you. When you Seize Flour or Wheat, if you and 
the Owner disagree as to the Price, you must call in a third Person 
not interested immediately or remotely to ascertain it. When the 
Price is fixed, you must give a Certificate in the Manner the Law 
prescribes ; you have no Power to pay Money. If the Person refuses 
the Certificate, you must take an Account of the Quantity seized and 
in whose Possession and make a Memorandum of the Tender of the 



64 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C Certificate and Refusal. We are of Opinion from the Information 
^^ we have received, if the Commissioners in the Several Counties exe- 
cute the Law, we shall detect a great Deal of Villany and find out the 
Source from whence the Calamitous and distressing Situation of 
our Army took its Rise 



January 20 Thursday 20 January 1780 

Liber C B „ ,r , 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday 

p. 102 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to James Brice 

Esq*" f yds Flannel to be returned in kind or paid for — 



January 21 Friday 21 January 1780 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Levin Hays 
a 9 M° Sold in the 7 Reg"" Disch** Twenty nine Pounds ten shillings 
in Cloathing due him by Act of Assembly &c^ 
p. 103 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj' John 
Neary and John Gates of the i Reg' i p*" overalls for each and i 
Jacket for Neary. 

January 22 Saturday 22. January 1780 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Turn- 
bull three thousand six hundred Dollars to be delivered over to 
Capt. William Dent Beall of the 6"" Regim* to be by him expended in 
the Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Brigadier General William Small- 
wood four hundred Dollars allowed by a Resolve of the Gen' Assem- 
bly passed Oct Session 1778 and two thousand Dollars for himself 
and two thousand Dollars for the use of Lieut Col° Peter Adams of 
the 7**^ Reg*^ and also two thousand Dollars for the use of Lieut 
William Truman Stoddert of the ^^^ Reg* allowed them by an Act 
of the General Assembly relating to the Officers &c^ 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. Samuel Hamilton three thou- 
sand Dollars to be expended in the recruiting Service and Ac- 
counted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Serjeants David Green, Robert 
Yeates, Thomas Jenkins and Robert Green one thousand eight hun- 
dred Dollars each to be expended in the recruiting Service and 
Accounted for. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Francis Thompson and 
James Clarke Recruits for the i^' Regiment each, i coat, i Waistcoat 



of the Council of Maryland. 65 

I pair of Breeches i p"" Overalls, i Shirt, i Hat i pair Shoes and i Liber C B 
pair Stockings, the Bounty allowed them by the late Act of Assembly, ^°' ^^ 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Patrick Noland, 
I p"" Shoes, I pair Stockings and i Shirt, Thomas Hawson i p"" Over- 
alls I p*" Shoes and i p"" Stockings, William Holmes, i p"^ Overalls, 
I pr. Shoes i p"" Stockings, i Coat, i vest and I Shirt & John Shaw 
I p' Shoes, I p"" Stockings & i Shirt, in part of the Cloathing due 
them from the Continent — 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj. M*^Cray of the 
6 Regim' i p'' shoes, Cloth for a Waistcoat & Breeches and i shirt 
due him from the Continent — 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to General Smallwood 
5 Oz® thread, 10 yds flannel i p*" Brittanies for Maj. Stoddert 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Charles Bivan 
of the 6 Reg"" 14 yds Linen for shirts, thread suff' to make them up 
and two pair of Stockings and also the Like Articles for Ens Samuel 
Hamilton of the same Regim' in part of the Article AlH them by the 
General Assembly. 

That the said Commissary of stores deliver to Benjamin Gray a 
Recruit in the i^ Reg. i shirt, i p*" shoes, i pair stockings. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Robert Green i 
shirt Cloth for a pair of Breeches &t i pair of Stockings, David 
Green, i shirt, Cloth for a pair of Breeches, i pair Stockings & i pair 
shoes, Thomas Jenkins i shirt, Cloth for a Jacket and pair of 
Breeches and i pair Stockings and also to Robert Yeates one shirt, 
Cloth for a Jacket and pair of Breeches and one pair of Stockings 
due them from the Continent. 

[Council to The Commissioners for Baltimore Town] Liber C C 

Gentlemen. We have a Number of Continental Troops here and p. 58 
are much distressed for Flour for them. We shall therefore be 
obliged to you to send by M"" Bullen's Waggon, four or five Barrels 



Monday 24 January 1780 Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on Saturday — p. 104 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to William Lynch ^^^ 
Evan Bicknall and Aquila Deaver of the 3** Regim' i p*" Overalls each 
due them from the Continent — 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. John Smith 
of the 6*^ Regiment 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 pair Stockings in 
part of the Articles allowed by G. Ass^ 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj* Noyes of i 
Regiment i Coat, i Waistcoat, i pair of Breeches & pair of Stockings 
due him from the Continent. 



66 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the western shore Treasurer pay to Commodore Thomas 
No. 23 Qj-^son six hundred and fifty eight Pounds fifteen shillings to be 
accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Smith of the 6 Regim' 
three thousand Dollars to be expended in the recruiting Service and 
Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Frederick County pay to the 
said Capt. John Smith of the sixth Regim' Ten thousand Dollars to 
be expended in the Recruiting Service & acc"^ for 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to the said Capt John Smith 
if yds blue Cloth li yds white D° and 3 yds shalloon in part of the 
Articles allowed &c^ 

Abraham Parkerson of the late Capt Gales Company of Matrosses, 
having procured Thomas Paine an able bodied man to enlist in his 
room is hereby Discharged. 

■r ., p p [Council to His Excellency The Chevalier De la Luzerne 

No. 22 Ministr. Plenipo.] 



p. 58 



Sir. We had the Honor of receiving your Excellency's Letter of 
the lo*** Ins' with a Copy of a Letter from M'' Holker, and your 
Memorial to Congress. It is so remote from the Inclination of this 
Board to obstruct any Measures concerted by our noble Ally, or to 
counteract the Operations of your Fleets and Squadrons, that we 
esteem it our indispensable Duty, to contribute all in our Power to 
their Success and, be assured our Wishes coincide with our Duty in 
this, as well as every other Instance in which the Interest of our Ally 
is concerned. To decide on the Propriety of the Law and our Con- 
duct, consequent thereon, it will be necessary to take a comprehen- 
sive View of every Thing that relates to this Subject. Application 
was made to this State, by the Agent for the Marine of France, for 
Permission to purchase Flour and to export it for the use of the 
French Marine which was chearfuUy complied with and a Clause 
inserted in the Act passed in luly 1779 to prohibit for a limited Time, 
the Exportation of Wheat, Flour &" enabling the Governor and 
Council to grant Licence on the Requisition of the Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary of his most Christian Majesty or the Agent of the Marine 
of France to transport any of the Commodities mentioned therein 
from this State to any Part or Place out of the same : In pursuance 
whereof the Governor and Council did give Permission to the French 
Agent to buy up a certain and limited Quantity of Flour and Wheat, 
some of which has been exported under Licence from us. The Gen- 
eral Assembly during their last Sessions, received Information, that 
various and great Abuses had been committed under the Permission 
aforesaid, by the Persons employed by the Agent of France and 
others pretending to act as such, to the great Detriment of the United 



of the Council of Maryland. 67 

States, and being' solicitous to restrain or defeat the pernicious Effect Liber C C 
of such Conduct enacted that all Purchases of Wheat or Flour made ^°' ^^ 
above the Quantity allowed should he deemed made for the Use of 
the United States. I'he Kei)resentation of his I-^xcellency General 
Washington of the alarming Situation of the Unitcrl States Army 
received just before the Close of the Session, demonstrated the Neces- 
sity of making the most vigorous Efforts to procure an immediate 
and full Supply of Flour and induced them to make the Law from 
whence it is apprehended such Mischiefs will result to our Ally. 
Your Excellency must be sensible the Distress which occasioned the 
above Representation was real, not fictitious ; and we flatter our- 
selves, you will concur with us in Opinion that the using every Means 
in the Power of the State to obtain an immediate and full Supply of 
Provisions for our distressed Army is highly conducive to the re- 
ciprocal Advantage of united America and her Ally, and could alone 
avert a Calamity replete with Evils too numerous to be recapitulated, 
and of such Magnitude as cannot but be discerned. The General : 

Assembly could not hesitate about the Expediency, indeed Necessity 
of employing their utmost Exertions to afford Relief, and the Infor- 
mation communicated to them, that the French Agents had pur- 
chased Wheat and Flour in this State, far exceeding the Quantity 
permitted, rendered it the more necessary to make the Law general ; 
for the Exception of Wheat and Flour purchased by the Agents of 
France might have frustrated the Law, by exempting that Surplus 
or Excess of Quantity from Seizure: another Good, we expect will 
result from the Generality of the Law and a strict Execution of it ; 
this State will be enabled to ascertain with Precision, the Surplus 
Wheat and Flour, and detect the Persons to whose collusive Prac- 
tices, the Distresses of the Army, may be in some Measure, if not 
wholly attributed. We are well convinced that the primary^ and grand 
Object of the Legislature was, to procure a full Supply for the Army, 
with the utmost Expedition, and that every Thing else was to be 
subservient to it, and we trust such Conduct must correspond with 
the Feelings of your Excellency and meet with your Approbation 
though it may interfere with your Plans of Operation ; because it is 
better the Marine of France should submit to a temporary Disap>- 
pointment, than that we should hazard the Disbanding of the Army 
of the United States, by procrastinating the Supplies. We have 
instructed the Commissioners to observe the Directions of the Law 
and to seize all the Wheat and Flour purchased bv the French Agent 
and to take a particular Account of it, and have directed them not 
to transport or send forward such Wheat and Flour until they receive 
further Instructions. As soon as we have Assurances from Congress 
or his Excellency General Washington, that the Army has a full p. 59 
Supply of Provisions, we shall order the Commissioners to restore 
such a Part of the Wheat and Flour purchased by the French Agents, 
as will make up the Quantity he was allowed to buy : until then, we 



68 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C have no Authority to dispense with the Law, or suspend the Opera- 
^°- ^^ tion of it, in any other Manner than that we have mentioned. We 
hope the Enumeration of these Facts, and the Reasons and Observa- 
tions suggested by us will be deemed satisfactory and induce your 
Excellency to think with us, that nothing incompatible with the com- 
bined Interest of France and America has been done or intended to 
be done by the General Assembly or the Executive of this State, 
No Inconvenience hath, as yet, arisen from the Law ; the Naviga- 
tion of the Bay and Rivers having been, ever since, obstructed by 
the Ice, and will, most probably continue so far some Time, in the 
mean Time we most ardently desire to have the Pleasure to inform 
your Excellency, we have received such Assurances as will enable us 
to comply with your Request. 

January 25 Tuesday 25 January 1780. 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday — 
p. 104 Thomas Slaughter a Matross in the late Capt. Gale's Company 
having procured Charles Davis an able bodied man to enlist in his 
room is hereby Discharged. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj' John 
Morris and Joseph Crouch of the 3** Regim* i shirt and pair of Over- 
alls each due them from the Continent 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Jesse Grace and 
Lawrence Hindle of Gen' Smallwoods Guard Cloth sufficient for a 
pair of Overalls each to be ch** to Continent 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut James Jn° 
Skinner of the 7 Regim* 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 pair of Stock- 
ings in part of the Articles allowed &c^ 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn Esquire two 
hundred and twenty five Pounds, six hundred and ten Pounds, and 
also the further sum of six hundred and seventy five Pounds, seven- 
teen shillings and six Pence due him p acc*^ passed. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Uriah Forrest three thousand six 
hundred and seventy five Pounds due him as Aud. Gen' to the 3 1 Dec*" 
inclusive. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Lieut James John Skinner 
of the 7 Regim* if yds. blue Cloth i| yds mixed D° and 3 yds shal- 
loon in part of the Articles allowed by the General Assembly. 

January 26 Wednesday 26 January 1 780 

Present as on Yesterday 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Alex"" M'^fadon 
six thousand & forty eight Pounds for 48 Doz p'' Stock^* sold the 
state p Agreement with the Governor & C° 



of the Council of Maryland. 69 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Jeremiah Swain LiLcr C B 
five thousand five hundred Pounds to be dehvcred over to Capt. [^",'„P 
George Keeports on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Wilmot fifty thousand Pounds 
to be by him deHvered over to Capt. Georj>-e Keeports to be by him 
deHvered over to the following — John Randall thirty thousand 
Pounds to be expended by him in Rum &c'' for the Officers and Sol- 
diers of the Maryland Line agreeable to the Act relating to the Offi- 
cers & Soldiers of this State in the American Army and for other 
Purposes therein mentioned — ten thousand Pounds to Genera] Gist 
and the other ten thousand Pounds to Col° Gunby of the 7 Regiment 
to be expended in the Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That Capt. Keeports deliver to Elijah Evans of the late Col" 
Rawlings Regim' 13^ yds blue Cloth, li yds white and 3 yds shalloon 
in part of the Articles allowed by the Gen' Assembly. 

The following Persons are hereby recommended to the Board of 
War for Commissions to wit Lieut Col° Adams to the i** and Lieut 
Col° Woolford to the s^^ Regim' 

Henry Baldwin Ens. to the 3*^ Regim' John Tolson Lowe, Caleb 
Mason, John Sears & Jacob Crawford Ensigns in 2"^ Regim* David 
Luckett, John Nelson, William Noyes, Francis Shepherd, Mark 
M*^Pherson, Richard Coe, John Trueman, Henry Clements, Robert 
Halkerston, Walter Dyer, William Reason, John Cheers, David 
Green, Robert Green, Thomas Jenkins, Benjamin Fickle Robert 
Yeates, James Thompson, William Smoot, John Smith, and The- 
ophilus Tabbs, Ensigns in the first Maryland Brigade and also Jacob 
Rittenhouse Shoemaker Ens. in the second Maryland Brigade. 

[Council to General Gist] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir Your Favor of the 29* Dec*" came to Hand. We have sent p. 59 

you £10.000 by M*" Keeports to enable you to reenlist the Men, whose 
Times will shortly expire. The Bounty, in Money allowed by this 
State, exclusive of the Continental is 250 Dollars to each Recruit, 
and we suppose, the sum sent will be sufficient for the present ; if it 
should not, be pleased to inform us, what you apprehend will be ade- 
quate to that Purpose, and we shall take Care to have it forwarded 
by the earliest Opportunity. We are about appointing Serjeants to 
be commissioned, recommended from the first Brigade. If you have 
any in your Brigade, that you can recommend and would wish to be 
commissioned, please to inform us, that we may appoint them. 
Enclosed is the recruiting Act passed the last Session 

[Council to Colo. John Gunby.] 

Sir We have sent you £10,000 by M'' Keeports to enable you to 
reenlist the Men whose Times will shortly expire. The Bounty in 



70 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C Money, allowed by this State, exclusive of the Continental, is 250 
No. 22 Dollars to each Recruit, and, we suppose the sum sent will be suffi- 
cient for the present ; if it should not be pleased to inform us, what 
you apprehend will be adequate to that Purpose and we shall take 
Care to have it forwarded, by the earliest Opportunity. Enclosed is 
the recruiting Act, passed the last Session. The Sergeants recom- 
mended by you, in your Letter to Col° Forrest, are appointed accord- 
ing to the Recommendation. 

[Council to Mr. John Randall] 

Sir M"" Keeports sets off Tomorrow from Baltimore Town, with 
some Cloathing for the Army : he has £30.000 for you. Part of the 
£50.000, which we hope will enable you to answer all immediate 
Demands. We should have sent the whole by this Opportunity ; but 
our Treasury is almost exhausted, and it is all we can, now spare ; 
we expect to have it in our Power to furnish you with more, in a 
p. 60 short Time. We have requested M"" Keeports, if he should not meet 
with you in Philadelphia, to lodge the Money with one of our Dele- 
gates in Congress, to whom you must apply, in such Case. All our 
Endeavours to procure a sufficient Quantity of Cloth, suitable for 
Regimental Uniforms have proved ineffectual, some of the Officers 
down here on the Recruiting Service have taken the mixed Colours 
which has induced us to send them to Camp 

[Council to Hon'ble The Board of War] 

Gentlemen Brigadier General Smallwood some Time past, wrote 
us " Should there be any Vacancies still in our Line, I must beg Leave 
to recommend Ensigns David Luckett, and John Nelson, they re- 
ceived their Appointments in Col° Gist's being one of the 16 addi- 
tional Regiments, on the 4* of July last ; they were originally of 
Col° Grason's Regiment, raised in Maryland & have been out ever 
since the Spring 1777. In their own Corps, they were without Inter- 
est or Friends to recommend them: but on account of their Merit 
and good Conduct, were promoted ; I know them to be qualified and 
young Men of Merit, therefore if consistent with the Views of the 
State, should be glad they could be commissioned." We approve of, 
and appoint them to Ensigncies in the first Brigade of Maryland 
Troops and desire Commissions may issue. He also writes us : 
" As our Line will want many Officers, I would beg Leave to recom- 
mend Mr. Henry Baldwin, he has served upwards of two Years, dur- 
ing which Time he has ever acted under an Expectation of a Commis- 
sion, which was promised him by Col°^ Gist and Ramsay, but could 
not be obtained, before the Rank of our Line was setled." We ob- 
serve by the Returns made us. that he ranks as Ensign, in the 3"^ 
Maryland Regiment, but cannot find any Appointment, by this Board ; 
if he is not commissioned, we desire he may be an Ensign in the 



of the Council of Maryland. 71 



3'* Maryland Regiment. lie also writes " 1 Iiave enclosed you a List Liber C C 
of such Serg-cants and others of tlie first Uri.^-aflc, who have been ' "' " 
recommended for Commissions, by their Field Officers and Cajjtains. 
I believe their Services and Merit entitle them to such Reward, where 
it can be granted consistent with the Views of the State. Perhaps it 
might be well to avoid fixing their relative Rank, as that might be 
determined by a Board of the Field Officers, agreeable to their Merit 
and Pretensions " Here follows the List William Noyes Serg' Major, 
Francis Shepherd, Mark M*=Pherson, Richard Coe, of the first : John 
Trueman, Llenry Clements, Robert Halkerston, Walter Dyer, of the p. 61 
^rd William Reason, John Cheers of the 5"' David Green, Serg* 
Major, Robert Green, Thomas Jenkins, Benjamin Fickle, Robert 
Yeates of the 7"' James Thompson and William Smoot of the first 
and John Smith of the 3'' Regiment. We appoint them to Ensigncies 
in the first Brigade and desire Commissions may issue, leaving the 
Rank to be setled hereafter. He also writes " I must beg I^ave to 
recommend Theophilus Tabbs, a Brother of Surgeon Tabbs of the 
7'^ Maryland Regiment, lately resigned, he is descended of a good 
Family and tis probable he will make a good Officer. He is a Stranger 
to me, & I have no particular Recommendation of him ; his Brother 
has applied on his Behalf " We appoint him an Ensign in the first 
Brigade and desire a Commission may issue to him. Col° Josias 
Carvil Hall writes " I have no Sergeant, at this Time to recommend, 
except the one I had the Honor to propose, by my Letter of luly 
last ; as I have not heard whether or not he was approved of, I beg 
to mention Sergeant Jacob Rittenhouse Shoemaker again We can- 
not find any such Letter, nor do we remember receiving one from 
him, recommending the Sergeant. We approve of and appoint him 
an Ensign in the second Maryland Brigade and desire a Commission 
may issue. We ratify and confirm the Promotions of Lieu' Col°* 
Adams and Woolford, Lieu' Col° Adams to the first and Lieu' Col° 
Woolford to the fifth Regim' Lieu' Col° Thomas Woolford writes 
I cannot, without Injustice to Sergeants Lowe, Mason, Sears and 
Crawford, who have served under me in the second Maryland Regi- 
ment for these three Years past, during which Time their Merit and 
Services entitle them to every Mark of Gratitude and Favor from 
their Country which possibly can be shewn them. As there are Vacan- 
cies in the Regiment, will be happy in having them commissioned as 
Ensigns. I can assure your Excellency that I would by no means 
recommend them, had I not been an Eye witness of their Behaviour 
and past Services." We approve of the Preferments and desire Com- 
missions may issue to John Tolson Lowe, Caleb Mason, John Sears 
and Jacob Crawford as Ensigns in the second Regiment of Maryland 
Troops, leaving the Rank to be setled hereafter as before mentioned. 



72 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Capt. George P. Keeports] 

January 26 Sir — We received yours of the 25"" Ins* by Express and have sent 
you five Thousand five hundred Pounds by leremiah Swain. We 
shall send up a considerable Sum Tomorrow for M"" Randall, which 
ypu must wait for and have delivered to him. You must take up the 
Cloths we bought of Dorsey and Hammond, which are like the Sam- 
ples enclosed, with a sufficient Quantity of Shalloon for Linings and 
the 40 Pieces of Britanies bought of M"" Dorsey. You must retain 
as many of the Men as you think necessary to guard the Stores and 
discharge the rest. 

January 27 You will receive by M' Wilmot £30.000 for M"" Randall, £10,000 
for Gen' Gist and £10.000 for Col° Gunby, which you must take Care 
to have delivered to each of them. We have requested M"" Randall to 
meet you at Philadelphia and it will be proper for you to make 
Enquiry for him. In Case M"" Randall should not be in Philadelphia, 
you will deliver the Money to the Delegates from Maryland in 
Congress. 

January 27 Thursday 27 January 1780 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday — 
P- ^°5 John Woodfield of the late Capt Gales Comp" having for upwards 
of 2 years past been almost constantly in the Hospital, appearing 
before this Board is adjudged unfit for the Service and is therefore 
Discharged. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert Reynolds 
ninty six Pounds fifteen shillings due him per Account passed by the 
Aud. Gen' 

January 28 Friday 28 January 1780 

Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj* James 
Collins of the 2^ Maryland Reg* i Coat, i Vest, i pair Breeches, i 
Hat, I Shirt & pair of Stockings due him from the United States, 
p. 106 That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to John Woodfield late 
a Soldier in the Matross Comp^ stationed at Annapolis 2 Shirts due 
him from the State. 

John Martin a Matross in the Comp^ late Capt. Gale's appearing 
to this Board to be unfit for Service is hereby Discharged. 



January 29 Saturday 29 January 1780 

Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Francis Fair- 
brother of the first Regiment one pair of Shoes, one pair of Stockings 
and one Shirt due to him from the Continent — 



of the Council of Maryland. 73 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Serj' Lindiff LiU:r C B 
of the 4 Regiment six thousand Dollars to be expended in the Recruit- ^^- ^^ 
ing Service & Accounted for, he having Capt Lansdale's Letter of 
the 28 Inst, requesting such an Advance. 

That the said 'iVeasurcr pay to John Chalmers Two thousand 
Dollars to be by him expended in the Recruiting Service and Ac- 
counted for. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Com" Grason for the 
following of the Galley Chester, John Norris i pair Shoes, John 
Hawser i shirt & i pair stockings, John Ford i shirt, i p"" shoes & 
I p'' Trousers, Richard Grahame i shirt and i p*" shoes and Samuel 
Gardiner i pair shoes. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Gifford Minitre a 
Recruit & Germain Poulain a suit of Cloaths each, the Bounty allowed 
by the late Act of Ass^ 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Isaac Harris Eight hun- 
dred and sixty nine Pounds seven shillings & six Pence due him j) 
ace. passed by the Aud. Gen' 

John Lamb a Private in the late Capt Gales Comp'' of Matrosses 
appearing to this Board to be unfit for Service is hereby Discharged. 

Pardon granted to John Collins alias Chapman, condemned at the 
General Court for Horse stealing. 

[Council to Solomon Stympson Esqr.] Liber C C 

Sir Your Letter of the 15*'' Inst, this Moment came to Hand. We p. 61 
send you Certificates agreeably to your Request. As to the Price of 
the Corn on Islands in Potowmack, the only Method of fixing the 
Price is to call in a third Person to estimate it, in Case of Disagree- 
ment between you and the Proprietors. Having the Interest of the 
Public in View, you, doubtless will remove the Grain to the Main, 
in the way least dangerous and expensive Removing your Purchases 
and Seizures to Frederick Town may be attended with Inconveni- 
encies we wish to avoid ; therefore refer you to the Law under which 
you act and which must be the Rule of your Conduct. 



January 31 



Monday 31 January 1780 Liber CB 

No. 23 
Present as on Saturday — p- 106 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Raphael Winset 
of the 2 Regim* i p*" Stockings i hat and Cloth in lieu of i Blanket 
and also to John Tolson Lowe of 2 Reg' i Coat, 2 waistcoats and 
Cloth in lieu of 2 Blankets, to William Powel of the same Reg* i 
Coat, I p"" Stockings & Cloth in lieu of a Blanket, & to Martin French 
of the same Regim' i Coat, i Vest, i hat & Cloth in lieu of a Blanket 



74 <' Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B due them from the Continent p Cert^ from Capt. Lilburn Williams 
iNo. 23 paymr to the 2^ Regim* — to Richard Gardiner of the same Regim* 
I Coat, I vest, i hat, i p"" Breeches & Cloth in leiu of 2 Blankets 
Caleb Mason of the same Regim* i Coat & i p*" Breeches due them 
from the Continent, also to Charles Scott, i Coat, i Vest, i p'' 
Breeches, i shirt i p'' Stockings and Cloth in lieu of 2 Blankets. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt Henry Gaither 
of the i^' Reg' 3 yds Linen for Lining in part of the Articles all"^ by 
the Gen' Assembly. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to James Jones late a 
9 M° Soldier in the 7 Regim* Discharged the amount of Twenty five 
Pounds ten shillings in Cloathing due him by Act of Assembh^ to 
procure Troops for the American Army. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Joseph Galloway of 
the 2"^ Reg* i Coat, i Vest, i p'' Breeches, i p"" Stockings & 2 Hats 
due him from the Continent "p Cert^ of Capt L. Wills 

That the Collector of the Tax for Somerset County pay to Lieut 
James Ewing of the 2'^ R^g' five thousand Dollars to be expended 
in the Recruiting Service & Accounted for 

That the Collector of the Tax for Talbot County pay to the said 
Lieut Jas. Ewing five thousand Dollars to be expended in the Recruit- 
ing Service & Accounted for. 
p. 107 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Lieut James 
Ewing of the 2'^ Regim* Three thousand Dollars to be expended in 
the Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Harwood 
Esquire Continental Treasurer or order five hundred thousand Dol- 
lars as part of the four Million six hundred and Eighty thousand 
Dollars appropriated to the use of Congress by the Gen' Assembly 
of this State. 

February i Tuesday i^' February 1780 — 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered that the Issuing Commissary deliver to Nath' Henry & 
three others late Prisoners at Savannah in Georgia & now Exchanged 
5 Days Provisions each. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt Beriah Maybury 
one hundred and Eighty one Pounds ten shillings due him per Ac- 
count passed by the Dep^ Aud'' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj* Ijams late of the 
2*' Regim* Cloth for i Coat, i Waistcoat and p*" of Breeches and 
Linen for 4 shirts to be ch'' to the Continent 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Bullen Esq*" four 
thousand two hundred and forty three Pounds, one shilling and three 



of the Council of Maryland. 75 

Pence and also the further sum of Eiglit liundred and forty five LiUr C B 
Pounds, six shillings and three Pence due him per ace" passed by the °' ^^ 
Aud. Gen' 

Silvanus Smith a Matross in the late Capt. Gales Comp^ aprxjarinj:,' 
before and being adjudged incapable of Service is hereby Discharged 
therefrom. 

In virtue of the Act to empower the Governor & Council to sell 
the Public Property therein mentioned, John Johnson Surgeon, John 
Bullen & Beriah Maybury Quarter Masters, are hereby Discharged. 

Wednesday 2"^ February 1780 Februarys 

Present as on Yesterday 

Ordered That Capt George Keeports deliver to Lieut George Jacob 
of the 6"" Reg* 3^ yds Cloth and 3 yds Shalloon in part of the Articles 
all*^ by the Gen' Assembly 

That the Collector of the Tax for Prince Georges County pay to 
Lieut George Jacob of the 6"^ Reg* two thousand Dollars to be ex- 
pended in the recruiting Service & accounted for. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson jun"" 
four hundred & sixteen Pounds, thirteen shillings & four Pence due 
him for l M° Salary as cl to the Governor & Council to the i'' 
Instant. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Wilmot one hundred Pounds 
due him per Account passed by the Aud. General. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Aquila Paca Esquire fifteen thou- 
sand Pounds to be delivered over to Richard Dallam Esq'' & by him 
expended in the Purchase of Provisions and Accounted for. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Phelter Souther a Re- 
cruit Green Cloth for a Coat waistcoat, Breeches & Overalls, i 
Shirt, I hat, i p"" Shoes & i p*" Stockings in ful for the Bounty allowed 
by the late Act of Assembly. 

That the Commissary of [Supplies] Issues to John Lane who was 
taken Prisoner by the British & on his way to his own State 5 Days 
provisions. 

[Council to Adam Jamison, Wm Pendergast, Samuel Edmiston Liber C C 
& John McCoy, Staff Officers.] ^'°,-- 

Gentlemen We received your Letter, without a Date, after the 
Assembly adjourned. As the General Assembly have not included 
you, in the Act allowing Gratuities to the Officers and Soldiers be- 
longing to this State it is not in our Power to make you such a Com- 
pensation as your Services may entitle you to. We will lay your 
Letter before the Assembly in March, who, we presume, will pay a 
proper Attention to the Observations Suggested therein, and do what 



76 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C is just and equitable. On the 2^ October last William Pendergast was 
^°- ^^ appointed Ensign in the S^ Maryland Regiment consequently he is 
entitled 

[Council to Charles Thompson Esqr] 

Sir We have to acknowledge the Receipt of your Favors of the 
20^ Nov*" and 17* Dec"" with the Proceedings and an Act of Con- 
gress of the 16*^ March 1778 The Acts &" therein requested to be 
transmitted, shall be forwarded as soon as they can conveniently be 
collected 

[Council to Colo. Josias Carvil Hall] 

Sir Your Favor of the ig^^ Bec^ came lately to Hand. Two Thou- 
sand Dollars due to Ensign Isaac Hanson, have been paid to 
M"" Cromwell agreeably to his Order, We are informed that the 
late Governor and his Council, were not acquainted with this Gentle- 
man's Pretensions, otherwise this Gratuity would have been paid 
upon the first Application. lacob Rittenhouse Shoemaker we have 
recommended to the Board of War for an Ensigncy at your Request 

[Council to the Delegates from Maryland in Congress] 

Gentlemen We received your Favors of the 29*^ Dec"" and S*** 
Jan^ last, since the General Assembly adjourned. The Gratuity al- 
lowed by the Act passed in July Session 1779, is expressly confined 
to the Commissioned and Staff Officers and Soldiers belonging to 
the seven Regiments of Maryland Troops. It would give us infinite 
Pleasure, if we had Authority to extend it to the Officers and Men 
belonging to this State, attached to Major Lee's Corps. Our wish 
that those Men whose iSIerit and distinguished Bravery equally en- 
title them to the Attention and Benevolence of the State with others, 
should be as comfortably supplied, seconded by our Desire to remove 
every Cause of Jealousy and Disgust, which the Opinion that an 
unwarrantable Preference has been shewn, may have created will 
induce this Board to lay your Letters and the Papers accompanying 
them, before the Assembly in March, who, we trust, will do equal 
Justice to all, by comprehending those valuable Men within the 
Limits of their Generosity 

Liber C B Thursday 3"^ February 1780 

No. 23 ^ __ , 

p. 108 Present as on Yesterday — 

February 3 Qrdefed That the western shore Treasurer pay to James Brice 

Esquire seven hundred Pounds for his Attendance in Council 35 

Days Inclusive 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Reith one hundred and 

twenty five Pounds for i mo. Salary as Messenger to the Governor 

& Council to the i^' Instant. 



of the Council of Maryland. "JJ 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. David Lynn of the U\xx C B 
f^ Reg' 3 yds Linen for Lining in part of the Articles allowed by ^°* ^-^ 
the Gen' Assembly. 

Commission issued to Joseph Baxter reappointed Sheriff of Balto. 
County. 

By his Excellency Thomas Sim Lee Esquire Governor of Maryland 
A Proclamation 

Whereas the house of Senate stands adjourned to the twenty 
ninth Day of March next and the house of Delegates to the first Day 
of the same Month and Affairs of Importance requiring the Con- 
sideration of the General Assembly as soon as well may be I have 
thought proper, that the General Assembly of this State should meet 
on the second Day of March next, and do therefore In virtue of the 
Power with which I am invested by the Constitution and Form of 
Government hereby appoint the said second Day of March for the 
Meeting and holding the General Assembly, of which the several 
Sheriffs of this State are hereby enjoined to give Public and Due 
notice. 

Given at Annapolis this third day of February in the year of our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty. Tho. Sim Lee 

By his Excellency's Command T. Johnson Jun'' Sec^ 
God save the State. 

Leave is hereby given to M""^ Achsah Chamier widow of Daniel 
Chamier Esquire deceased to ship from New York on board an 
unarmed Vessel and therein to Transport to Hampton Road in Vir- 
ginia the Household furniture, wearing apparel & other Goods men- 
tioned in a List Lodged with this Board, she having satisfied the 
Governor & Council as to the Property of the same, and having also 
given Bond in the penalty of £200000 not to dispose of the same in 
the way of Trade or Merchandize. 

[Council to Sam'l Gilpin, Esqr, one of the Comm'rs for Cecil Countv] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We received yours of the 31^* Jan"^ and refer you to our last P-63 
Letter. We are sensible of the pernicious Tendency of ^M*" Ewings 
Conduct and think it merits the Censure of every good Whig and 
Friend to the Army and we make no Doubt but a strict Adherence 
to the Law and vigorous Exertion of the Powers communicated to 
you thereby, will enable you to defeat the sinister Views and selfish 
schemes of Persons whose Interest will prompt them to throw Obsta- 
cles in your way, because their Profits are diminished in Proportion 
to the Quantity of Flour and Wheat collected by you. The Conti- 
nental Purchasers and French Agents have no Right to act after the 
first Ins* without taking a particular Oath and receiving a Licence 



78 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C from US. You must seize all the Flour and Wheat purchased by the 
No. 22 prench Agents and others pretending to act as such. You must 
Seize all the Flour and Wheat in the Possession of the Continental 
Purchasers and others, in the Manner the Law directs and send it 
forward. As to the Flour purchased for the French, you must pursue 
our former Instructions. We have delivered blank Certificates to 
M"" Cole which are to be filled up, according to the Circumstances of 
the Case, and signed and countersigned as the Law directs. 

[Council to His Excellency General Washington] 

Sir We have given Permission to M*"^ Chamier, Widow of Dan' 
Chamier Esq"" deceased, to bring her Household Furniture, Wearing 
Apparel and other Goods mentioned in a List annexed thereto, from 
New York to Hampton Road, in Virginia. We are induced from 
Motives of Compassion and the generous Conduct of her late Hus- 
band, to many of our Prisoners, to grant her Leave, and to solicit 
your Excellency's Interposition to obtain her the desired Indulgence, 
if you esteem it consistent with Propriety. 



Liber C B Friday 4 February 1780. 

p. 108 Present as on Yesterday. 
February 4 Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to William Logan 
three hundred Pounds due him per Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Stephen Steward Esq'' nine thou- 
sand seven hundred and Eleven Pounds due him per Account passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Nathan Peak a Recruit 
Cloth for a Coat, Waistcoat, Breeches & Overalls, i hat, i shirt, i p'' 
shoes & I p'' Stockings the Bounty all** by the Gen' Assembly also to 
George Ledburn, of the i Reg'' i p'' of Shoes and to John Martin- 
dale of the same Reg* i pair of Stockings due them from the 
Continent 

That the said Com^ of stores deliver to Col° Moses Rawlings 3 
yds Linen for Lining &c. 
p. 109 Ordered That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Capt. Henry 
Gaither of the i^' Regim' Baise sufficient for 12 Blanketts. 

That Capt. Keeports deliver to Col° Moses Rawlings late of the 
Rifle Regim* 3^ yds Cloth and 3 yds shalloon in part of the Articles 
allowed by the Gen' Assembly. 



Liber C C [Council to The Commissioners for Baltimore Town] 

p_ 63 Gent. We received your Letters and shall write to you fully on the 
several Matters referred to us, by the next Opportunity. You must 



of the Council of Maryland. 70 

furnish M"" Donncllan, the Assistant Issuing Commissary, with Flour Liber C C 
sufficient to support the Continental Troops in Baltimore Town, from ^^- ^^ 
Time to Time, and keep an Account of what you deliver to him. You 
must get as many Copies of the enclosed Certificates printed, as will 
answer your Purpose, to pay the Kent of Warehouses, Hire of Wag- 
gons &" &'^'' You will send the Flour we wrote for, as soon as 
possible 

[Council to Chas Greenbury Griffith Esqr. Lieut of Montgomery p. 63 

County.] 

Sir We are informed by Col° Rawlings, that the Company you 
ordered to Fort Frederick, as a Guard to Prisoners, marched as far 
as Frederick Town on their way, where he met them, and having 
Reason to believe that the Prisoners would not arrive at Fort Fred- 
erick, during the Term of their Service, he permitted them to return, 
with Orders to hold themselves in Readiness to march on the shortest P- 64 
Notice. The Col° has Reason to believe his Orders were complied 
with and, as the Term has expired for which they w^ere to serve, we 
think their Tour of Duty performed. You are therefore requested to 
order the next Class in Rotation, to consist of the same Number of 
commissioned and non commissioned Officers and Privates as hereto- 
fore ordered. 



Februarj' S 



Saturday 5 February 1780 Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on Yesterday — p. joo 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert Reynolds 
seventy eight Pounds fifteen shillings due him per account passed 
by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Samuel Chase Esquire forty thou- 
sand Pounds to be delivered over to John Dorsey & Comp^ on 
Account. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to William Roberts a Sol- 
dier in the i^' Regim' i pair of shoes & i p'' Overalls to be charged 
to the Continent 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Ens. Thomas Boyd 
son of Abraham 3 yds Linen for Lining in part of the Articles allowed 
by the Gen' Assembly — 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to CoI° Uriah Forrest Baise 
suff* for 30 Blankets. 

That Capt. Keeports deliver to Ens. Thomas Boyd son of Abrm 
of the 2^ Regr 3^ yds Cloth & 3 yds shalloon in part of the Articles 
allowed by the Gen' Assembly 

That the Collector of the Tax for Prince Georges County pay to 
the said Ens. Thomas Boyd son of Abm. of the 2^ Reg"" Two thou- 



8o Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B sand Dollars to be expended in the recruiting Service and Ac- 
^°- ^^ counted for. 

Leave is hereby given to Thomas Jenings Esq'' to bring from 
New York a Trunk containing wearing Apparel &c^ as per List 
Lodged with this Board ; he having satisfied this Board that they are 
his Property & not intended for Sale. 

Liber C C [Council to Col. Isaac Perkins, Kent] 

^p. 64 Sir Your Letter of the 29* Ultimo came, this Moment, to Hand. 
We have enclosed you an Order on the Collector of Kent County for 
£3000 to enable you, with the greater Facility to execute the Law for 
procuring immediate Supplies for the Army. Your Discretion will 
point out to you the particular Cases, in which it may be necessary 
and proper to pay Cash and we trust you will not do it in any other. 
It is most clearly the Opinion of this Board that the Grain and Flour 
purchased by the French Agents, are liable to Seizure but we have 
desired that a particular Account be taken of such Grain and Flour 
and that it may not be sent to Camp until further Orders from this 
Board. 

[Council to Messrs. Saml. & Robt. Purviance] 

Gentlemen — It is not in our Power to furnish you with the Provi- 
sion requested in yours of Yesterday. We apprehend, on your Ap- 
plication to the Naval Officer, he will grant you a Permit to Ship 
the Articles vou mention 



February 7 Monday 7 February 1780. 

No. 23 Present as on Saturday except Jerem^ Townley Chase Esq"" 
P" ^°^ Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to William 
Harriss, John Mantle Henry Mattingly and Henry Hager Recruits, 
each I Coat, i Waistcoat i p"" Breeches, i p"" Overalls i Shirt, i Hat, 
I p"" Shoes and i p"" Stockings the Bounty allowed them by Act of 
Assembly. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Mich' Boyer 
of the German Regim* 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 p"" Stockings in 
part of the Articles all*^ by G. Assembly. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah Forrest four 
thousand pounds to be delivered over to Richard Dallam on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Beatty two thousand Dol- 
lars to be delivered over to Capt. William Beatty of the 7 Maryland 
Regim* to be by him expended in the Recruiting Service and Ac- 
counted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Elie Vallette six hundred and 
Twenty five Pounds due him for i months Salary p ace* passed by 
the Aud. Gen' 



of the Council of Maryland. 8l 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Snovvflen three hundrefi Lil>cr C B 
and seventy fti^ht Pounds seventeen shilhnf^s and six Pence due him ^''- ^^ 
per Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

By Col° Ludowick Welterners Return of the German Regiment p. no 
the non Commissioned Officers and Privates are of his Company 13 
Capt. Chrisf Myers 18, Capt. Charles Baltzels 25 Capt. Michael 
Boyer 24, in all 80 a £20 is £1600.. — .. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Michael 
Boyer one thousand six hundred Pounds to be delivered over to 
Capt Peter Boyer Paymaster of the German Regim' to be delivered 
over according- to the Act relating to the Officers and Soldiers of this 
State in the American Army and other Purposes therein mentioned 
to the non commissioned Officers and Privates of the Maryland 
Part of the said Regiment. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq"" six hundred and 
Twenty Pounds due him to the 31 of January Inclusive. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Frederick County pay to Capt 
William Beatty of the 7 Maryland Regim' Ten thousand Dollars to 
be by him expended in the recruit^ Service & Acc*^ for 

That Capt. George P. Keeports deliver to Capt Michael Boyer 
of the German Reg* 3^ yds Cloth, and 3 yds Shalloon in part of the 
Articles all'^ by the Gen' Ass^' 



[Council to Capt. Geo. P. Keeports] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We desire you will send by the first good Opportunity, to p. 64 

M"" Faw, in Frederick, Cloth sufficient for 60 Suits, the Overalls to 

be of the Green and the rest out of the brown Cloth. Let us have an 

Invoice of the Goods agreeable to our former Directions 



[Council to Mr. Abraham Faw] 

Sir We have directed the Commissary of Stores at Baltimore 
Town to send you Cloth sufficient for 60 Suits. You will deliver to 
each Recruit a Coat Waistcoat, a pair of Overalls, a Shirt, a Hat, 
a Pair of Shoes and a Pair of Stockings, taking his Receipt for the 
same 

[Council to Capt. William Beatty] p. 65 

Sir We have drawn an Order on the Treasury in Favor of AF 
Thomas Beatty for the 2000 Dollars advanced you, which you are 
to account for, and have enclosed and Order on him for 10.000 Dol- 
lars to be expended in the Recruiting Service. We shall direct the 
Commissary of Stores at Baltimore Town to send forward to M'' Faw 
by the first Opportunity, Cloth sufficient for the Recruits 
6 



82 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Tuesday 8''' February 1780. 

No. 23 
p. no Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt Michael 

Boyer Eighteen Pounds fifteen shillings to be delivered over to 

Nicholas Link, four hundred & seventy Pounds ten shillings & four 

Pounds ten shillings for the use of Thomas Beatty seventy five 

Pounds for David Levy, sixty seven Pounds ten shillings for George 

Bear Eighteen Pounds, fifteen shillings for Nich^ Kline, Thirty seven 

Pounds for James Dod, Thirty seven Pounds ten shillings for John 

Smith, Thirty seven Pounds ten shillings for Henry Clemans, Thirty 

seven Pounds, ten shillings for Edward Stone Thirty seven Pounds 

ten shillings for Jacob Hough, Thirty seven Pounds ten shillings for 

George Beall, Thirty seven Pounds ten shillings for John Cray, 

Thirty seven Pounds, ten shillings for Timothy Swain, Thirty seven 

Pounds, ten Shillings for Charles Secrest and four hundred and one 

Pounds, Eleven Shillings & nine Pence for John Baltzer due them 

per Account passed by the Dep'' Aud'' 

February 9 Wednesday g^^ February 1780. 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That Capt. George Keeports deliver to William Noyes 
lately recommended to an Ensigncy in the i^' Maryland Brigade 3^ 
yds Cloth and 3 yds Shalloon in part of the Articles all*^ by the Gen- 
eral Assembly. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to the said William Noyes 
3 yds Linen for Lining in part of the Articles &c* 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Crisall fifteen hun- 
dred Pounds on Ace' 

Liber C C [Council to Capt Geo P. Keeports.] 

No. 22 
p. 6s Sir — We learn that you did not take all the Hats with you to 

Camp; if that be the Case, you'll send 20 or 30 by Ensign William 

Noyes to be by him delivered to the Commissary of Stores at this 

Place 

Liber C B Thursday 10* February 1780 

p. 1 10 Present as yesterday 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Shaw two 
thousand seven hundred & thirty five Pounds Balance of Account 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 
p. Ill Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to York Waters 
a negroe in the 2"^ Regim' Cloth sufficient for a p"" of Breeches. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to George Devonish 
a Recruit for the 7 Regim* a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by 
the late Act of Assembly. 



of the Council of Maryland. 83 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Thomas Beall Capt. Lihxrr C B 
Command' of the Maryland part of the Regiment late Rawlins's ^- ^^ 
108 Shirts and Oznabrigs stiff* to make a Bag to hold them to be 
charged to that part of the said Regim' 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to the said Capt 
Thomas Beall 3 yds Linen for Lining & 2 p"" Stockings for himself 
and also 3 yds Linen and 2 p"" Stockings for each of Capt. Adamson 
Tannehill, Ens. Nath' Beall Magruder and Adjutant Josias Tannc- 
hill of the same Corps in part of the Articles allowed by the Gen' 
Assembly. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Clement Beall four thou- 
sand Dollars to be by him delivered over to Capt. William Dent 
Beall of the 6"^ Regim* to be expended in the Recruiting Service and 
Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Ijams one of the re- 
cruiting Ofificers for Ann Arundel County, one thousand three hun- 
dred and fifty Dollars to be by him expended the recruiting Service 
and Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Thomas Beall five thousand 
Pounds to be expended in the Purchase of Stores for the Use of the 
Officers and Privates of the 3 Companies in the Regim' lately com- 
manded by Col° Moses Rawlings agreeable to the Act relating to the 
Officers & Soldiers of this State in the American Army and other 
Purposes therein mentioned the said three Companies being on a 
Detached Service at Fort Pitt — 

That the Collector of the Tax for Montgomery County pay to 
Ens. Nathaniel Beall Magruder of the Maryland part of the Regim' 
lately commanded by Col° Rawlings three thousand Dollars to be by 
him expended in the Recruiting Service & Accounted for. 

That Capt. Geo. Keeports deliver to Thomas Beall Capt. Com- 
mand* of the late Rawlings Regim' 3^ yds Cloth, & 3 yds Shalloon 
for himself and the same Quantity of each for Capt. Adamson Tanne- 
hill, Ens. Nath' Beall Magruder and Adjutant Josias Tannehill of 
the same Regim* in part of the Articles allowed by the General 
Assembly. 

By a Return made by Thomas Beall Capt. Command* of the Mary- 
land part of the Regim* lately commanded by Col° Moses Rawlings 
it appears that there are now in the Service of the United States of 
the Maryland part of the said Regim* 4 Serjeants and 50 Privates 
who were in the Service before May 1779 and therefore entitled to 
the Sum of £20 each agreeable to the Act relating to the Officers 
and Soldiers of this State in the American Army and other 
purposes therein mentioned 4 Serjeants & 50 Privats @ 2o£ each 
£1080..—..— 



84 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Beall 
^°- 23 Capt. Command' of the Maryland part of the Regiment late Raw- 
ling's one thousand and Eighty Pounds to be delivered over to 
Captain Adamson Tannehill Paymaster to the Regiment to be by 
him delivered over according to the above mentioned Act, to the non 
Commissioned Officers & Privates of the Maryland Part of the said 
Regiment. 

February II Friday II*'' February 1780 

p. 112 

Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Thomas Beall 
Capt. Command* of the late Rawling's Regim' Brittanies for 8 
Shirts, 2 for himself and 2 to be delivered to each of the Officers of 
the same Regim* viz. Capt. Adamson Tannehill, Ens. Nath^ Beall 
Magruder and Adjut. Josias Tannehill, in part of the Articles &c^ 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to George Gordon a 
Recruit a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the Gen' Assembly. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Capt. Thomas Beall 4 p^ 
of Brittanies of that lately purchased of Jon* Hudson Esquire. 

That John Strawbridge Collector for Cecil County pay to Thomas 
Harwood Esquire Continental Treasurer or Order fifty thousand 
Dollars as part of the four Million six hundred and Eighty thousand 
Dollars appropriated to the Use of Congress by the General Assembly 
of this State. 

February 12 Saturday 12* February 1780 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Commissions issued to Samuel Harvey Howard appointed Capt. 
John Davidson i^' Lieut. John Muir 2 Lieut & John Johnson 3*^ Lieut 
of the Independent Comp^ in the City of Annapolis. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to His Excellency 
Thomas Sim Lee Esq'' six thousand two hundred and fifty Pounds 
for 3 Months Allowance as Governor to this Day. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn Esq'' one hundred 
Pounds and four hundred & Eighty Pounds due him p Acc'^ passed 
by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to 'William Bassford of 
the I Reg* i shirt, i p'' Shoes & i p'' Stockings to be charged to the 
said Regim* 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Patrick Carvery 
green Cloth sufP for 10 Suits of Cloaths and Overalls 10 p'' Stock- 
ings and 10 p'' Shoes to be delivered over to Lieut. Nich^ Manger of 
the 3^^ Reg* for the Recruits enlisted by him to be charged to him 
till he produces Receipts for the Delivery of them. 



of the Council of Maryland. 85 

That the Collector of the Tax for Saint Mary's County pay to LUk-t C B 
Lieut. Nich* Manj^^er of the 3'' Rcgim' three thousanrl Dollars io he ^"- ^^ 
expended in the Recruit'' Service and Accountcfl for. 

Pardon granted to Anne Lathby alias Leatherby condemned in 
Queen Anns County in 1776 for the Murder of her Bastard Child. 

[Council to Lieut Nicholas Manger] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We have sent by M"" Patrick Carvery, Cloth sufficient for ten p. 65 

suits of Cloaths and Overalls ten Shirts, ten Pair of Stockings anrl 
ten Pair of Shoes ; we had no Cloaths ready made or we should have 
sent them. We have directed the Commissary of Stores to charge 
you with the Cloathing, 'til you produce Receipts for the Delivery 
of them to the Recruits. Enclosed you have an Order on the Collec- 
tor of the Tax for St. Mary's County for 3000 Dollars. We should 
be obliged to the purchasing Commissary for St. Mary's County to 
supply your Recruits with Rations, but we have no Power to direct 
him, as it is out of the Line of his Duty 

[Council to Messrs. Joseph Gilpin and Elijah Cole] 

Gentlemen Col° Ewing having applied for a Licence to act as 
agreeable to the late Act. We have in Consequence of the 
Information received from you of his Conduct, thought it proper not 
to grant it ; but as that Gentleman denies the most material Charges 
against him, we request you to transmit us the fullest Information 
under Oath, on this Subject and as speedily as possible, least the 
public Service should suffer 

[Committee to Jonathan Hudson, Esqr.] 

Sir On the Recommendation of the Governor, we have agreed 
to take one hundred Pieces of the best Britanies you have, over and 
above the two hundred he purchased of you and we beg you will 
have them carefully packed up in Bales, ready to deliver to our 
Order. The Act of Assembly does not allow Hats to our Officers 
and yours are too good for common Soldiers. A full Supply of 
Stockings are already procured for present Use; although we be- 
lieve yours are good, and that you may be induced to sell them 
reasonably, yet our Finances are too low to admit of an Advance that 
is not warranted by Necessity. The Cloths we decline taking for the 
same Reason. 

Tuesday 15 February 1780 February 15 

Present as on Saturday. J. Townly Chase Esq'' Att*^ No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Gold- P' ^^^ 

smith three hundred and sixty three Pounds due him per Account 

passed by the Aud. General. 



86 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Wednesday 16*'' February 1780 

No. 2,3 _, tr . 1 

February 16 Present as on Yesterday — 

p. 113 Ordered That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Capt. Alex Lawson 
Smith of the Maryland Part of the Regim' late Rawlings's 3J yds 
Cloth 3 yds Shalloon and i p* Brittanies of the first Quality in part 
of the Articles allowed by the Gen' Assembly. 

That the said Capt. Keeports deliver to Ensigns David Green and 
Robert Green of the first Brigade 3:^ yds Cloth, 3 yds Shalloon & i p* 
Brittanies of the third Quality each in part of the Articles allowed 
by the General Assembly. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Harford County pay to Capt 
Alex Lawson Smith of the late Rawlings's Regim* three thousand 
Dollars to be expended in the Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Baltimore County pay to John 
McClellan Richard Lemmon and Isaac Griest Commissioners for 
Baltimore Town Five thousand Pounds to enable them to carry into 
Execution the Act for the immediate Supply of Flour and other Pro- 
visions for the Army to be accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Montgomery County pay to 
Ens David Green of the 7 Regim' one thousand Eight hundred Dol- 
lars to be expend** in the recruit^ Service & Ace** for 

Jonathan Hudson Esq*" is requested to deliver 300 pieces of Brit- 
tanies purchased of him by this Board to Capt George Keeports or 
in his Absence to M"" William Banks 

Ordered that the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Alexander 
Lawson Smith of the late Rawlings's Regim* 3 yds Linen for Lining 
and 2 pair of Stockings in part of the Articles allowed by the General 
Assembly. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to David Green and 
Robert Green of the first Brigade 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 p*" 
Stockings each in part of the Articles &c* 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Patrick Murphy, 
Charles Thompson, William Snow, Pharoah Flinn, James Bayless, 
Robert Hutson, James Wood, John Lawrence James Welden, Wil- 
liam Joyce, Andrew Marwood, William Johnston & Philip Ijams 
Recruits for the 4'^ Regim' Leonard Hagan, John Neighbour & Wil- 
liam Hempston Recruits for the 7 Regiment, each, i Coat, i Waist- 
coat I p"" Breeches i p' Overalls, i shirt, i Hat, i p*" Shoes and one 
pair of Stockings the Bounty allowed them by the late Act of Assem- 
bly and also to Thomas Keef of the 7"" Regiment i pair of Shoes. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj* John Smith 
of the 2^ Regiment Cloth sufficient for i Jacket and pair of Breeches. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Serj' John Lindiff six 
thousand Dollars to be by him expended in the Recruiting Service & 
Accounted for. 



of the Council of Maryland. 9fJ 

Tliat the said Treasurer pay to James O'llarra one hundred I.if^cr C B 
Pounds allowed to him by this Board from the l6'^ Aujjust 1779 to ^^- ^^ 
this Instant by Virtue of a Resolve of the General Assembly passed 
the 7 of August 1779. 

[Council to The Commissioners for Baltimore Town] Liber C C 

N'o. 22 

Gentlemen — We have not had Leisure, before now, to attend to r>. 66 
the Several Matters mentionerl in the Letters receivefl from you. 
We cannot advise you to assume a Power of pressing Waggons in 
the adjacent Counties. It will be proper to have the Wheat taken 
from the French Agent, ground up and to take an Account of the 
Quantity of Flour produced by it and the Expence incurred in manu- 
facturing it. Enclosed you have an Order on the Collector of the 
Tax for Baltimore County for five Thousand Pounds, which, we 
hope, will fully answer your Purposes. 

[Council to Thomas Sollers Esqr. Naval Officer Baltimore] 

Sir. We request you to furnish us, by the first Opportunity, with 
a particular Account of the Bread Flour and Wheat e.xported by 
M"" William Smith Agent for the Marine of France and by Col° 
Samuel Smith, Agent for the Virginia Board of War, since the first 
Day of April last 



Thursday 17 Februarv 1780 — February 17 

Liber C B 
Present as on Yesterday — No. 23 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores Deliver to Patrick 
Breemaghme of the 4"^ Regim* i pair of Shoes and i Shirt. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Joshua Burgess two p. 114 
thousand Dollars to be Delivered over to Vachel Burgess late an 
Ensign in the I Maryland Regim' allowed by the General Assembly 
in 1779 in leiu of the Articles for that year. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Com" Thomas Grason Eight hun- 
dred and forty Pounds on Account. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Kent County pay to Thomas 
Harwood Esq'' Continental Treasurer or Order, three hundred thou- 
sand Dollars as part of the four million six hundred and Eighty 
thousand Dollars appropriated to the use of Congress bv the Gen' 
Ass^ of this State. 

To be sold in the City of Annapolis at Public Vendue Pursuant to 
the " Act to empower the Governor and the Council to sell the Public 
Property therein mentioned." on ^^^ednesdav the 15'*^ March next. 
Three Gallies with their Tackle, Apparel and Furniture, a consider- 
able Quantity of Naval and Military Stores, some crude Salt Petre. 
Horses, Waggons, Harness and Geers, and the Interest of the State 



88 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B in the Tan yard in the City of Annapolis. Inventories of the Par- 
^^ ticulars will be Lodged at George Mann's Tavern in Annapolis, and 
at the Merchants Coffee House in Baltimore Town by the first Day 
of March. 

Liber C C [Council to The Delegates from Maryland in Congress.] 

No. 22 

p. 66 Gentlemen — We are informed that the Congress resolved, some 
Time in November last, that the Officers in the American Army 
should be furnished with sundry Articles of Cloathing, as a Gratuity 
for their Services, and that the species were enumerated. That Re- 
solve has not yet been transmitted to us. We request the Favor of 
you to procure and forward it, and at the same Time, beg Leave to 
apply through you, to Congress, for Permission to supply the Officers 
of the Maryland Line, provided we may be allowed to draw from 
the Continental Treasury of this State, to reimburse the Money that 
may be expended in the Purchase of them 

[Council to Monsr. Holker] 

Sir We shall embrace the next Opportunity of answering your 
Letters of the 28'^ of lan""^ and 9**^ of Feb*"^ and in the mean Time 
remain with due Consideration &" 

[Council to His Excellency The Chevr De la Luzerne.] 

Sir It is with deep Concern we find that the Measures adopted by 
this State to obtain an immediate Supply to relieve the extreme Dis- 
tresses of the Continental Army have occasioned such Uneasiness 
to your Excellency and created even the Semblance of a Doubt of 
our firm Attachment to the Alliance. We think with you that it is 
the incumbent Duty of this State to exert themselves in the same 
Degree for the Preservation of the Fleets of France as the American 
Army, and can, with Confidence assure you that if your Fleets had 
p. 67 been in the same Distress, Steps equally vigorous and efficacious, 
would have been used to extricate them. We are exceedingly hurt 
that you should esteem the Seizure of the Flour allowed to be pur- 
chased for our Ally a Violation of our Engagement when the press- 
ing Wants of the Army urged the General Assembly to it and when 
too, we informed your Exc'' that it would not be used, if those Wants 
could be otherwise relieved ; but that it should be restored to M*" 
Smith and Permission given for the Exportation of it, as soon as 
Congress or his Excellency Gen' Washington assured us that the 
Distresses of the Army ceased to be alarming. It gives us Pain to 
repeat the Information we communicated in our last, that our Power 
is so circumscribed and limited, that we cannot, without committing 
a manifest Infringement of our Constitution and acting inconsistent 
with the Trust delegated to us, suspend the Law, until we have As- 
surances from Congress or General Washington, that the Army is 



of the Council of Maryland. 89 

supplied. The Recommendation of Congress to restore the Flour, Liber C C 
has been received ; but that cannot give us Authority to do it ; because, ' "' " 
at the same Time, we w^ere informed by them that the Wants of the 
Army were pressing and require immediate Relief. No Inconvcni- 
encies have, as yet, we apprehend, have arisen from the Seizure and 
as the Obstruction to the Navigation still remains, we flatter our- 
selves it will be in our Power to obviate any ; to that End, as well as 
with a View of removing every Cause of Uneasiness or Disgust, we 
have called a Meeting of the General Assembly the second Day of 
March next in Order to Submit to their Consideration your Excel- 
lency's Letters and the whole Proceedings of the Commissioners and 
we have no Doubt but that the Result of their Deliberations will be 
highly satisfactory to your Excellency. We cannot refrain from 
expressing our Disapprobation of the Conduct of M"" Smith, in re- 
sisting the Officers appointed to carry the Law into Execution. 
Whatever his Sentiments might be respecting the Propriety of it, w-e 
think, an Attempt in any Individual to trample on the Authority of 
the state and to frustrate its Acts, ought not to escape without Re- 
profiF. It is not in our Power at this Time to point out any Species 
of Misconduct in M"" Smith, or others employed under him in the 
Purchase of Flour and Wheat, but as soon as we make any Discover}'' 
of male Practices, we shall impart them that your Excellency may 
take proper Precautions to prevent a Repetition 

[Council to The Delegates from Maryland in Congress.] 

Gentlemen In the Execution of the Law to procure an immediate 
Supply &" we have been embarrassed, but nothing has given us more 
Uneasiness than the Idea that the Conduct of our State, in seizing 
the French Flour, may, possibly be imputed to some Motive different 
from that of relieving the alarming Distresses of the Army, which 
has rendered us the more desirous that you should converse with the 
Minister of France and explain the Whole of this Business. We 
would have him convinced of our firm Attachment to the Alliance, 
our Desire to promote the Interest of France and facilitate the Opera- 
tion of their Fleets and Armies, and to supply them with the ]\Ieans 
of Subsistence, and that Nothing but the most urgent and pressing 
Necessity could have constrained us to subject the French Flour to 
Seizure ; that we wish to have, from Congress, or the General, that 
the Army is supplied, on which Event, w^e shall not hesitate to order 
Restitution of the Flour and Wheat, lawfully purchased. We request p. 68 
you to explain the Nature of our Power, that we act in a Subordinate 
Capacity and cannot make, repeal or suspend the Execution of any 
Law. The Minister informs us that he has imparted to IVP Plater, 
some fatal Consequences which will result from our not restoring 
the Flour besides the Inconveniences suggested to us : we cannot 
conjecture what they are. We have not yet been furnished with Re- 



go Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C turns from all the Commissioners of the several Counties, of the 
°' ^ Flour and Wheat obtained under the Law, but from those received, 
the Quantity does not exceed 8000 Barrels, exclusive of the Flour 
purchased for the French. It w^ould give us infinite Pleasure to be 
favoured with a Communication of the several Matters of Impor- 
tance agitated in Congress which relate to this State. 



Liber c B Saturday 19 February 1780. 

No. 23 
p. 114 Present as on Thursday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Samuel Chase 
Esq'' Twenty five thousand Pounds for the use of John Dorsey & 
Comp^ on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Alexander W. Davy four thousand 
seven hundred and ninty six Pounds to be delivered over to Capt. 
Geo. P. Keeports on account for the Purchase of Cloathing. 

That Captain Geo. Keeports deliver to Capt. Samuel Sadler of the 
Compy of Matrosses lately commanded by Capt. Gale i p^ Brittanies 
of the 2^ Quality in part of the Articles allowed by the General 
Assembly. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to the said Capt. Samuel 
Sadler 2 pair Stockings in part of the Articles &c^ 

The Commission of David Poe from James Calhoun Esquire Dep^ 
Quarter Master Gen' of the S''' April 1778 being produced to this 
Board, Licence is hereby granted according to the Act of Assembly 
in such Case lately made and Provided to the said David Poe to Act 
as an Assistant Dep^ Q Masf Gen' of the Army of the United States 
for Baltimore County he having previously taken the Oath prescribed 
by the said Act. 

Edward Wright heretofore Licenced by this Board, having ap- 
plied and previously taken the Oath required by the Act of Assembly 
in such Case lately made & Provided is hereby Licenced to Act as 
an Ass* D. For Mast. Gen' within the sixth District of this State and 
also Henry Hollingsworth Esq"" heretofore Licenced by the Gov"" 
&C° having this Day produced the Same to this Board and also 
Lodged a Cert^ of his having taken the Oath prescribed by the Act 
p. IIS for the more effectual preventing forestalling and engrossing and 
for other Purposes therein ment'' Licence is hereby granted to him 
the said Henry Hollingsworth Esq'' to Act as Dep'' Quarter Master 
General in this State. 

Liber C C [Council to Colo. Isaac Perkins, Kent] 

p. 68 Sir We received yours of the 12*'' Ins' As to the Line of Conduct 
to be observed by you, with Respect to the Flour and Wheat pur- 
chased for the French, and the other Matters submitted to our Con- 



of the Council of Maryland. <ji 

sideration ; we refer you to our Letter of the fifth, a Copy of which Liber C C 
is enclosed. We think the Certificates given by the Commissioners, ' ^'- ^^ 
are discountable out of the Assessments that the Sheriffs are now 
collecting, or any future Assessment at the Option of the Bearer of 
the Certificate. We have sent you an Order on the Collector of your 
County for the further Sum of £3000. 

[Council to Colo. Henry Hollingsworth.] 

Sir Sundry of your Letters have been received by this Board, 
which we have hitherto wanted Time and Opportunity to answer. 
Agreeable to your Request on the 30"* of Dec"" an Order was drawn 
upon the late Collector of Cecil County in Favor of M*" Harwood 
the Continental Treasurer for £93750 Subject to your Order as a 
Part of the sum granted to Charles Pettit by Warrant from Con- 
gress. In Answer to your second Letter, of same Date, we have to 
observe that no Charges have been exhibited against you for Miscon- 
duct The Letters and Certificate which you enclosed were returned 
through M*" Harwood, as we were pressed in Point of Time and he 
had Occasion to write you. Yours of the 15*^ of January, gives us a 
high Sense of your Attachment to the Interest of America and your 
unremitting Exertions to discharge the important Duties of your 
Ofifice : your Measures are prudential and very pleasing to us. It 
certainly would be most adviseable to remove the Flour from the 
interior Parts of the Country first, as there will be a Chance of having 
Water Carriage for what lays on Rivers and the Bay before the 
whole is sent off. The Attention you mention in your Letter of the 
26*'' of Jan^ to have given to the Flour then lying at Susquehanna, 
was very necessary and may be a Means of preserving much that, 
otherwise, would be exposed ; the expensive Manner of forwarding 
it will most certainly be avoided, as soon as we are informed that 
the Army is well supplied. Your Returns of the Ouantitv of Flour 
sent forward, are received. The Conduct of the Commissary, in 
ordering the Wheat to be carried to Mills out of the direct Route 
to Camp, is very extraordinary, nor is that of the French Agents p. 69 
more easily to be accounted for. As to Certificates for Money lent 
to the Continent, that Business is solely with the Commissioner and 
as we are not inclined to multiply ours, which we are sorr}^ to find 
considerably encreasing every Day ; therefore refer you to him sug- 
gesting at the same Time, that the Law under which you were ap- 
pointed to receive Loans expired the last Session. We had heard of 
several valuable Officers refusing to qualify under a Law of the last 
Session and we had Apprehensions of losing you ; but the Receipt of 
yours of the 31^* Ultimo, gave us Relief and Pleasure. By vour 
Letter of the S*'' Ins* you are somewhat perplexed by the Dispute 
between the State Commissioners and the Commissa^^^ We have 
determined finally on this Point, of which these Commissioners are 



92 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C fully informed. We approve fully of the Steps you have taken to 
^°" ^^ detect Frauds and Impositions in purchasing of Flour and trust you 
will continue to act with your wonted Circumspection ; such Abuses 
ought to be corrected and discouraged. We shall not fail to take the 
necessary Measures to strengthen and cooperate with you in a work 
so laudable and Salutary as preventing such Practices in future. 
Your Complaints of the Order of Flour sent you, are repeated in 
yours of the 13*'' Ins' where it is necessary, we wish you to have it 
repacked and in every Instance, it may not be amiss to weigh it. 
It surely is the proper Province of the Commissioners to see that 
Justice is done the Public in the Weight as well as the Quantity of 
the Flour and the Inattention of those of Baltimore and Harford, 
on whom we greatly relied, surprizes us. M'' Wright is licenced ac- 
cording to the Law of the last Session, and your Request, for the 
sixth District. In Answer to yours of the 15* Ins* we inform you, 
that your Licence is granted and enclosed. Your Motives for con- 
tinuing in your Department and not buying Provisions, by which 
a Competition would be created with the Commissioners, are truly 
praiseworthy. An Extension of your Care and Attention, to Balti- 
more Town, would not be amiss, as the only acting Person in that 
District is in an inferior Station, and may require your Advice and 
Aid. The Contract made by M'' Wright with the Gen* of Virginia, 
we think advantageous to the Public, and as our Interposition would 
be rather out of our Line, advise you to request Gen' Green to apply 
to the Government of Virginia to permit an Exportation of the Grain 
purchased. M'' Wright has the Order on the late Collector of Cecil 
for the Money you require 



February 21 Monday 21 February 1780 

No. 23 Present as on Saturday, 
p- 115 Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Jeremiah Townly 
Chase Esq*" nine hundred Pounds for his Attendance in Council to 
this Instant. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Logan one hundred and 
fourteen Pounds due him per Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Samuel Chase Esquire Ten thou- 
sand Pounds for the use of John Dorsey & Comp^ on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Hyde four hundred and 
sixteen Pounds, thirteen shillings and four Pence for one Months 
Salary as Ass* Q. to the Governor and Council ending the i^* Instant. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut. Jn° Jeremiah 
Jacob of the 6* Regim* 2 pair of Stockings and 3 yds Linen for Lin- 
ing in part of the Articles allowed &c^ 



of the Council of Maryland. 93 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to the said Lieut. John Jere Lil>cr C E 
Jacob of the 6"^ Regim* 3^ yds Cloth 3 yds Shalloon & i piece of ^°- ^^ 
Brittanies of the second Quality in part of the Articles allowed by the 
General Assembly. 

rCouncil to Mr. Holker] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir Having received and answered some Letters from His Excel- ^-^ 
lency the Chev*" De la Luzerne on the same Subject with yours of the 
28"^ ult° & q"' Ins* we have less Occasion to be particular in our 
Answer to yours of those Dates, they shall be laid before the General 
Assembly, which is to meet the 2^ of next Month. In the mean Time 
we request you to inform us on what Foundation you ground your 
Expectation of having, from this State, 12000 Barrels of Flour. 
We have looked over the Papers on this Subject and find, in a Letter 
from a Committee of Congress, July 13*'' 1779, that we are desired 
to let M*" Smith have 5000 Barrels of Flour on your Account, and p. 70 
Orders were given accordingly. The following is an Extract from 
M*" Gerrard's Letter 21^* Aug' 1779 " Permit me in availing myself 
of this Regulation to entreat your Excellency's Permission for ex- 
porting, in the Month of November next, about 5 or 6000 Barrels 
of Flour and about 5 or 600 Barrels of Salt Provisions." We refer 
you to your Letter of the 26'^ August 1779 wherein you inform us 
that you had authorized M' Smith in Baltimore to purchase with all 
Speed 4000 Barrels of Flour to be shipped for Martinico, in Addi- 
tion to 2000 Barrels Part of those he had in Store, which were fur- 
nished by Orders of the Committee of Congress. Since the Receipt 
of that Letter, we cannot find among our Papers, any from you, 
until yours of the 28"^ ult° came to Hand. Every Motive combines 
to induce us most earnestly to wish for certain Information of the 
Army's being supplied that we may not only have it in our Power 
to grant permits to the Vessels which are to sail under Convoy of 
the Fendant, but that all the Flour legally purchased under your 
Directions may be applied to the Purpose for which it was first 
intended. 



No. 23 
P-II5 



Tuesday 22*^ February 1780 — L?^" C^I 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Charles Scott 
of the 1^' Regim* i p*" shoes to be charged to the said Regim* 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Elijah Evans 
of the Regim* lately Rawlings's 2 p*" Stockings and 3 yds Linen for 
Lining in part of the Ar*^ &c^ 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to the said Lieut Elijah Evans 
I piece of Brittanies of the third Quality in part of the Art'" &c^ 



94 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the western shore Treasurer pay to Charles Wallace four 
"^^ ^^ hundred and twenty seven Pounds, seventeen shillings and five Pence 
and also the further Sum of one hundred and seventy nine Pounds, 
five shillings and six Pence due him p Ace*® passed by the Dep^ Aud. 
That the said Treasurer pay to Samuel Hepburn Esq"" Three thou- 
sand Pounds to be delivered over to Jonathan Hudson Esq*" in part 
of the Sum of £30241 due him for Linens Purchased of him by the 
Governor & Council for the Use of the Officers in the Maryland Line. 

Liber C C [Gov. Lee to ] 

p. 70 Sir Mess" Rogers Hepburn and Leeke have represented to the 
Council and myself and we believe very truly, that the Flour which 
you lately seized in Patuxent River, in Virtue of the Law for the 
immediate Supply of the Army, was purchased in Baltimore for the 
Consumption of their several Families. That, at present they are 
entirely without, and that ten or eleven Barrels, which is the Quan- 
tity you have taken, is not more than three Families can consume in 
four Months. Under such Circumstances, the Council join me in 
requesting you to restore to those Gentlemen, the whole of their 
Flour, apprehending this Case is not within either the Spirit or 
Letter of the Law. You have a Power to impress Vessels to trans- 
port the Articles you Seize, to the Head of Elk and the other Places 
mentioned in the Law, and we think it will conduce more to the 
Interest of the State to keep the Corn on Board the Vessel and send 
it away in her, than to land it 



Liber C B Wednesday 23*^ February 1 780 

February 23 Present as on Yesterday — 

p. 115 Pardon granted to Thomas Taylor Condemned in Washington 
County Court for Horse Stealing on Condition that he forthwith 
enlist himself into some one of the Regiments of the Quota of this 
State in the Continental Army and that he do not desert therefrom. 

Liber C C [Council to William Merrit, late of Kent] 

No, 22 . . 

p. 70 Sir Mary Gittmgs hath by her Petition set forth to us that she 

was, in Sepf 1777 plundered by the Enemy, of Household Furniture, 
Wearing Apparel &'^^ to a very considerable Amount, and it appear- 
ing to us by her Deposition with a List of her Losses and the Deposi- 
tions of others, that the said Facts are true, and we esteeming it 
proper that the Collection of the Assessment of the said Mary Git- 
tings for the Year 1779 amounting to the Sum of £269.. 15. .0 should 
be suspended do desire you not to collect the same or any Part thereof 
and if collected, to refund the same 



of the Council of Maryland. 95 

[Council to Colo. Solomon Stympson] Liber C C 

Sir We think it will be proper to remove the Grain you have pro- p. 7, 
cured, to George Town and store it there, because it may with greater 
Ease and at less Expence be transported by Water from thence to 
the Head of Elk. 

[Council to His Excellency Governor Jeflferson of Virginia] 

Sir We had the Honor to receive your Excellency's Letter of the 
30''' lan^ The Necessity which constrained our Assembly to enact 
a Law, the extensive Operation of which has interfererl with the 
Purchases made by your Agent, for the Subsistence of the Military 
of your State, we must deplore, and can assure you that an anxious 
Solicitude for the Welfare of the United States and an Opinion that 
nothing short of the most vigorous and sudden Exertions, could pro- 
cure an immediate and full Supply for our distressed Army were 
the only Motives which prompted them to make it so general. We 
are Satisfied it is not the Intention of the Act, to provide Supplies 
for State Troops, because, when it was made, it was not known that 
the Military of any particular State was in Distress. The Object of 
the Assembly being an immediate and full Supply for the Army, we 
cannot admit your Exposition of the Law, because it would in some 
Degree counteract the Purpose of it and because we think the word 
" others " was inserted with a View of including every Person in 
whose Possession any Flour or Wheat was found and may well com- 
prehend the Agent of Virginia ; and that, unless such Construction 
is made, as there is no other Person except the Agent of the Marine 
of France (whose Flour is also deemed Seizable) to whom it can 
relate, that word would be deprived of its Efifect, and a well known 
Principle in expounding Acts of the Legislature would be infringed, 
that a Law ought to be so construed that no word should be rendered 
void or insignificant if it can be prevented. We must further observe 
that the Intention of the Assembly ought to prevail, which is to be 
collected from the Cause or Necessity which induced them to make 
the Law. We cannot esteem it necessary to enter into a minute Dis- 
cussion of the present Question or to resort to nice and subtil Reason- 
ing to justify an Exertion which was requisite to prevent the 
numerous Calamities which must result from the Dissolution of the 
Continental Army. We are sensible it is the mutual Interest of both 
States to preserve the Harmony that subsists between them which, 
added to our Desire to contribute all we possibly can to the Relief 
of your Distresses, make us wish to receive Information from Con- 
gress or His Excellency General Washington, that the Army is sup- 
plied, that we may have it in our Power to restore your Flour, before 
you feel any Inconveniencies from the Seizure of it. Our Assembly 
will meet the second Day of March when vour Excellency's Letter 
will be laid before them for their Consideration. 



96 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Thursday 24* February 1780 

No. 23 
p. 116 Present as on Yesterday — 

February 24 Qrdered That M"- James Williams be informed that the State has 
no further use for his House lately occupied as an Hospital and that 
the Rent of the same henceforth cease. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Meara Two thou- 
sand Dollars to be delivered over to John Flattery and by him deliv- 
ered over to Lieut Clement Skerrit of Capt. Browns Company of 
Artillery due him in leiu of Articles allowed by the General Assembly 
for the year 1779. 

Liber C C [Gov. Lee to Alexander Clagett Esqr. Shf¥. of Washington County.] 
No 22 . . . 

p. 72 Sir The enclosed is a Pardon for Thomas Taylor a Prisoner m 

your Custody. When you discharge him deliver him over to a Re- 
cruiting Officer and desire the Officer to pay the pecuniary Bounty 
that Taylor may be entitled to, to his wife who lives in Harford 
County and who, with several Children are in extreme indigent Cir- 
cumstances : In this Instance I think it not amiss to direct the Appli- 
cation of the Continental and State Bounty of 450 Dollars, however 
improper it might be in any other. Communicate this Letter to the 
Recruiting Officer and inform me of his Name 



Liber C B Friday 25 February 1780 

p. 116 Present as on Yesterday — 
February 25 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Ford a 
Recruit one Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the late Act of 
Assembly. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Peter McNorton four 
hundred and fifty Dollars the Bounty allowed to the above John 
Ford. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq'' five hundred 
pounds for his Attendance in Council to this Instant. 

That Capt George Keeports deliver to Lieut Samuel Farmer of 
the 3"^ Regim' 20 pair Overalls for the use of the said Regiment. 



February 26 Saturday 26"^ February 1780 

Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Crisall 
four hundred Pounds on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jacob Crauford lately recom- 
mended to an Ensigncy in the 2"^ Regim* three thousand Dollars to 
be expended in the Recruit^ Serv. & Acc"^ for — 



of the Council of Maryland. 97 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Richard Dorsey of Artillery, Liber C B 
two hundred and thirty nine Pounds due him per Account passed by ^°' ^^ 
the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut. Nicholas Ricketts of Artil- 
lery Two hundred and Eighty nine Pounds Eighteen shillings and 
nine Pence due him p' Ace' pass'' by A. G' 

That Serj' Richard Welsh deliver to Capt. Frazier of the Brig 
Talbot 60* of Cannon Powder, from the Cartridges received of Com" 
Grason. The Owners of the said Brig to pay the Price that the other 
Powder to be disposed of by the Gov"" & Council shall sell for 

That Capt. Geo. Keeports deliver to David Poe Esq' 12 Camp 
Kittles 

That the said Geo. Keeports deliver to Capt. Richard Dorsey of 
Artillery i p^ Brittanies of the second Quality in part of the Articles 
allowed by the G. Ass'' 

That the said George Keeports deliver to Lieut Nicholas Ricketts 
of Artillery i p^ Brittanies of the second Quality in part of the 
Art' &c^ 

That the said Geo. Keeports deliver to Capt. Tho^ Lansdale of the 
4* Regim' i p* Brittanies of the second Quality in part of the Arti- 
cles &c^ 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Purdy, John 
Martin, Joseph Sabolle, John Decoin John Dupre, William Cole, p. 117 
John Armstrong Sen"" Abraham Baker, William Harriss, Benjamin 
Burk, Edward Purdy, Henry Purdy and John Mantle Recruits for 
the 6'*^ Regiment each a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the 
Act of Ass^ 

[Council to Capt Thomas Lansdale] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We have some Expectations of purchasing the Deficiency of p. 71 

Cloathing for the Officers, on better Terms than you mention, and 

enclose you an Order on M*" Keeports for Linen for two Shirts. 



Monday 28"^ February 1780. Februarj- 28 

T^ o 1 Liber C B 

Present as on Saturday — No. 23 

Commission of a Letter of IMarque and Reprisal issued to Henry ^' "' 
Putnam Commander of the Schooner Pegg}^ mounting 12 Carriage 
Guns & 12 Small Arms belonging to Richard Curson &C° of 
Baltimore. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert Reynolds 
seventy Pounds five shillings due him per Account passed by 
Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Joseph Middleton one hundred and 
seventy five Pounds due him per account passed by the Dep'' Aud. 



98 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to James Brice Esq"' five hundred 
■No. 23 pQyj-,(jg fQj. }^is Attendance in Council to this Day inclusive. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Muir one thousand five hun- 
dred and Eighty one Pounds, seventeen Shillings and three Pence 
due himself and the further Sum of four thousand two hundred and 
ninty three Pounds to be delivered over to William Paca Esq*" due 
him per Account passed by the Aud. General. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Andrew Poymarat, Jean 
Laravure, Humphry Carpenter Thomas Fowler, and Thomas Jordan 
Recruits for the i*' Regim' one Suit of Cloaths each the Bounty 
allowed by the late Act of Assembly — 

That the said Commissary deliver to William Hillier, & William 
Newton of the 2^ Regim' and Benjamin Wisely of the 3*^ Reg* i p*" 
shoes and i p"" Stockings each to be charged to the said Regiments. 

That Serj. Welsh Deliver to Joseph Dowson i Ton of Pig Iron 
to be paid for at the same Price which the rest sells at. 



Liber C C [Council to Richard Dallam Esqr.] 

No. 22 
p. 72 Sir On receiving yours of the 18* Ins' we applied to the Treas- 
urer, to know what Money was on Hand, and find it is not in our 
Power to draw, at this Time, there not being more than 6ooof in the 
Treasury. By a Return from you of the 31^* Dec*" 1779, we observe 
there were then in Harford County 500 Barrels of Flour, unpacked, 
1820 packed and 13.700 Bushels of Wheat ; and in your Letter of the 
18"^ Ins* you write that you had forwarded about 1400 Barrels of 
Flour and had about 300 Barrels on Hand : This requires an Expla- 
nation, which we request you to give and to transmit us an exact 
Account of what you have been able to obtain, for the Information 
of the Gen' Assembly 



February 29 Tuesday 2^^^ February 1780 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to Richard Keene 
one of the Commissioners for Caroline County Eight hundred 
Pounds to enable him to Carry into Execution the Act for the imme- 
diate Supply of Flour and other Provisions for the Army on Account 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Henry Gaither five 
thousand Dollars to be expended in the recruiting Service and Ac- 
counted for. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Cope and Andrew 
White Rec'^ each a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the late 
Act of Assembly. 



p. 117 



of the Council of Maryland. 99 

Commission of a Letter of Marque and Rcjirisal issued to Thomas LiJ>cr C B 
Walker Commander of the Schooner Dispatch Ikirthen Thirty Tons ^°- ^^ 
navigated by six Men Mounting four Swivil Guns belonging to 
Joseph Dowson and Company of the City of Annapolis. 



Wednesday i^' March 1780 March i 

•^ ^ p. 118 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn 
Esq*" four hundred and forty two Pounds, ten shillings for the Use 
of Simon Ratalack per Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Hyde four hundred and 
sixteen Pounds, thirteen shillings and four Pence for i Month Salary 
due this Day. 

That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to Nich* Thomas Esq*" 
Judge of the General Court, sixty two Pounds, one shilling and nine 
Pence for his Salary from 23 Oct. to i Novem'' 1779 and three thou- 
sand Pounds from i Novem'' to i March 1780 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Mark Butt of the 2'^ 
Maryl'' Regiment i pair of Shoes to be charged to the said Regim* 



Thursday 2^ March 1780 — March 2 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Montgomery County 
pay to Capt. Lloyd Beall of the 7**^ Regim* Twelve thousand Dollars 
to be expended in the Recruit^ Serv. & Ace'' for. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Ens. Thomas Jenkins of 
the i=* Maryl<' Brigade i p^ Brittanies of the third Quality & Cloth 
suff* for I p*" Breeches in part of the Articles &c^ 

That the said George Keeports deliver to Capt Philemon Grififith 
of the late Rawlings's Regim* 3^ yds Cloth. 3 yds Shalloon and i p* 
Brittanies of the second Quality in part of the Articles allowed by 
the General Assembly. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Ens. Thomas Jenkins 
of the first Maryland Brigade 3 yds. Linen for Lining in part of the 
Articles allowed &c* 

That the said Commissary deliver to Capt Phil° Griffith of the 
late Rawlings's Regim. 2 p'' Stockings and 3 yds Linen for Lining in 
part of the Articles &c^ 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson jun*" 
Ci to the Gov' &C° four hundred and sixteen Pounds, thirteen shil- 
lings and four Pence for one Month Salary to the first Instant. 



lOO Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah Forrest Aud. General 
No. 23 Qj^g thousand and forty one Pounds, thirteen shillings and four Pence 
for one Month Salary ending the 29 February — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Conrod T. Wederstrandt Esq"" one 
hundred and fifty Pounds for the like sum advanced Capt. Green for 
the Use of the State Boat Dolphin 

Liber C C [Council to Colo. Peregrine Tilghman] 

No. 22 
P-72 Sir M*^ Wederstrandt has represented to this Board (and we be- 
lieve very truly) that the Quantity of twenty eight Barrels of Flour, 
which you lately seized in Emmerson's Warehouse, in Virtue of the 
Law for the immediate supply of the Army, was purchased by him 
for some Gentlemen in this City for the Consumption of their several 
Families. We believe the Quantity is not more than those Gentlemen 
can consume in their Families in four Months. Under such Circum- 
stances, we request you to restore to M*" Wederstrandt, the whole of 
the Flour, that it may be applied to this Purpose for which it was 
purchased, apprehending this Case is not within either the Spirit or 
Letter of the Law. 

p. 73 [Council to Mr. Charles Blake] 

Sir We received yours of the 3*^ and 21^' Ult° As you have already 
engaged Vessels to transport the Wheat you have seized, as soon as 
the Navigation is open, we think it will contribute most to the Public 
Service to have it delivered to M'' Henry Hollingsworth at the Head 
of Elk. We are of Opinion the Flour purchased by the French 
Agents is subject to Seizure under the Law, but would not have it 
removed, until you receive further Directions from us. We have 
sent you a few Certificates by M"" Wederstrandt 



Liber C B Friday 3 March 1780 

No. 23 
p. 118 Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Edward 
Spurrior of the 4 Reg"" three thousand Dollars to be expended in the 
Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said Capt. Edward Spurrior 
two thousand Dollars to be delivered over to L* Col° Nath' Ramsay 
of the 3^ Maryland Regim* due him by an Act of Assembly relating 
to the Officers & Soldiers &c^ 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Harford County pay to 
Capt. John Smith of the 3*^ Regim' six thousand Dollars to be ex- 
pended in the Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 



of the Council of Maryland. lOi 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Capt. Edward Spurrier Liber C B 
of the 4 Reg^im* 3I yds Cloth, 3 yds shalloon and i p* Brittanies in ^^ 
part of the Articles &c^ 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to the said Capt. Edward 
Spurrior 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 p' Stockings in part of the 
Articles &c^ 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Conrad T. Wederstrandt 
Esq"" Two thousand one hundred and twenty three Pounds, nine shil- 
lings and ten Pence half Penny due him per Account passed by the 
Aud. General. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. George Keeports three thou- 
sand Pounds on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Bullen Esq"' Two thousand 
two hundred and fifty seven Pounds ten shillings due him per Ace* 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Isaac Duvall seventy six 
Pounds ten shillings due him per Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Jacob one hundred and fifty 
four Pounds ten shillings due him per Account passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That Serj. Richard Welsh deliver to M"" Shaw all the Military 
Stores, in his Possession belonging to the State, M"" Shaw being 
hereby appointed to take charge of the same. 

That William Morgan, Henry Wood and William Jones Matrosses 
of this State be attached to, and incorporated into the Comp^ of 
Matrosses lately commanded by Capt. Gale and be deemed part of 
the Quota of this State of the American Army. 

Samuel Smith, Charles Hogg, Joshua Cord, John Shroud, John 
Crabb and John Singleton Matrosses in the late Capt. Gales 
Compy appearing to this Board to be unfit for Service, is hereby 
Discharged. — 

In Virtue of the Act of the General Assembly to empower the 
Governor & Council to sell the Public Property &c^ Charles Wallace 
Esq"" Paymaster of the State Troops is hereby Disch'' 

[Council to Mr. Daniel Bow^ley] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir Please to deliver to Cap* George Keeports, the Cloth pur- P-73 
chased by the Governor and Council of M"" Young 

[Council to The Commrs for Baltimore Town] 

Gentlemen We shall be obliged to you to send a Load of Flour for 
the Continental Troops in this City. We have wrote to M"" David 
Poe, Depy Qu*" M"" Gen' to supply you with a Team 



I02 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council David Poe Esqr. Dy. Q. M. G.] 

No. 22 ... 

Sir. We shall be obliged to you to furnish the Commissioners of 
Baltimore Town and Cap' Keeports with two Teams for the Trans- 
porting Flour and Cloathing to this City for the Use of the Conti- 
nental Troops 

[Council to Honble Board of War] 

Gentlemen Several Applications have been made to us by the Sol- 
diers belonging to this State, for Cloathing which they allege is due 
to them, and, to support their Claim, have produced Certificates from 
the Paymasters. We wish to be informed whether they are entitled 
to Cloathing or Money in Lieu thereof and whether, if they are en- 
titled to Cloathing we shall be justified in issuing it to them, agree- 
able to the Certificates produced. 



March 4 



Liber C B Saturday 4 March 1780. 

No. 23 
p. 119 Present as on Yesterday. — 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Thomas Harry, 
John Tucker, Alexander West, and John West, recruits for the 
I Reg"" & Peter Meguire a recruit for the 7 Reg' i Suit of Cloaths 
each the Bounty all"^ by the Gen' Assembly and also to Nathan Peak 
John Taylor & Robert Baily of the i Regim' each i p"" shoes. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Walter Warfield 
Surgeon to the 2,^ Regim 2 p"" Stockings & 3 yds. Linen for Lining in 
part of the Article &c^ 

That the said Commissary deliver to Gabriel Gatworth formerly a 
SoW in the 2 Maryl'' Reg*" 2 Coats in lieu of the like number which 
were left by him in Annapolis and taken by order of the Govern'' & 
Council. 

That Capt. Geo. Keeports deliver to Walter Warfield Surgeon to 
the 2^ Reg"" 3^ yds. Cloth, 3 yds Shalloon & i p^ Brittanies of the 
2^ Quality in part of the Article &c^ 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Rob' Reith Mess*" to the 
Gov"' & Co' one hundred and twenty five Pounds due him for i m° 
Salary to l^' Inst, 
p. 120 Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Prince Georges County 
pay to Capt. William Dent Beall of the 6"" Regiment five thousand 
Dollars to be expended in the Recruiting Service & Acc"^ for 

That Com" Grason Deliver to Archibald Buchanan Esq*" i Wood 
Compass, i Brass D° 4 Powder horns 2 Lanthorns & 4 Swivels to 
be paid for at the same Price which the like Articles to be sold by 
the Gov*" & Council sell for. 



of the Council of Maryland. 103 

Tuesday 7 March 1780. Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on Saturday — except Jerem* T. Chase Esq"" March 7 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Frank Leek ^' 
Esquire fifteen Thousand Pounds to be deHvered over to Jonathan 
Hudson Esq"" in part of the Sum of £30.240 due him for Linen pur- 
chased of him by the Gov"" & Council for the use of the Officers in 
the Maryl"^ Line — 

Wednesday 8* March 1780. March 8 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores dehver to Negroe Michael 
a Slave belonging to the State 2 Shirts, i p"" Woolen Trousers, i p' 
Shoes and i p"" Stockings. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Ens. William Noyes of the 
first Maryl*^ Brigade 2 p"" of Stockings in part of the Articles allowed 
by the Gen' Assembly 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to the said Ens William 
Noyes i p^ Brittanies of the third Quality in part of the Articles &c'' 



Thursday 9 March 1780 March 9 

Present as on Yesterday. 

By a Certificate transmitted to this Board by James Shaw one of 
the Justices of the Peace of Dorchester County in the State of Mary- 
land, it appears that Freeborn Garretson was carried before him as 
a Disaflfected Fugitive from the State of Delaware, who on Exami- 
nation by him acknowdedged he had not taken the Oath of Fidelity 
to his State or either of the United States and refused to take the 
Oath prescribed by an Act of the General Assembly of Maryland 
entitled an Act for the better Security of the Government, Where- 
upon he committed him to the Goal of Dorchester County. Ordered 
that the said Freeborn Garretson be released from his Confinement 
on his entering into a Bond in the Penalty of £20000 with good and 
suflficient Security for his Personal Appearance before the Executive 
Council of the State of Delaware within 20 Days from the Date of 
the Bond and also to return a Certificate from the said Executive 
Council of his having made his Personal Appearance before them 
with 30 Days from the Date of the said Bond. 

Leave is hereby given if his Excellency General Washington shall 
approve the same to William Potts Esq'' to bring from New York 
by the same Conveyance in which Mrs. Achsah Chamiers Furniture 
is brought, a Mahogany Bedstead, Feather Bed and suit of Curtains, 
he having satisfied this Board that they are his Property & not in- 
tended for Sale 



I04 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to James Woolford 3^ Esqr. Shfife of Dorchester County] 
No. 22 
P- 73 Sir It appears to this Board by the Certificate of James Shaw that 
a certain Freeborn Garretson has been apprehended as a disaffected 
Fugitive from the State of Delaware and committed to the lail of 
Dorchester County in Virtue of the " Act for the better security 
of the Government " after his Refusal to take the Oath prescribed 
by the said Act. We have determined to release the Prisoner, on his 
giving- Bond with good and sufficient Surety in the sum of twenty 
thousand Pounds, to make his personal Appearance before the Execu- 
tive of the State of Delaware within twenty Days after the Date of 
such Bond ; and on complying with the Terms specified in the Bond 
herewith sent, the Blanks of which Bond we request you will have 
filled up and legally executed previous to giving a Discharge, and 
transmitted to this Board 



March 10 Friday lo March 1780. 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Samuel Chase 
Esq"" ten thousand Pounds to be delivered over to John Dorsey &Co. 
on Account. 

p. 121 Commission of Letter of Marque and Reprisal issued to William 
Paddison Commander of the Schooner Neptune, 60 Tons burthen, 
navigated by 14 Men mounting 4 Carriage Guns, 4 Swivels and 
6 small Arms, belonging to Mathew Ridley, Hugh Young & Daniel 
Bowley of Maryland. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Peter Cutong 
a Recruit a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the Late Act of 
Assembly. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Peter McNorton i p"" Breeches 

6 I p*" Stockings to John Martindale fifer i p*" Breeches, i p"" Stock- 
ings and I shirt to Anthony Smith Drum*" i Coat, i Vest, i p*" 
Breeches, i p"" Stockings, i p*" Shoes, & i shirt, to John Levere i shirt 
to be charged to the i^' Maryl*^ Regim* also to Thomas Keef of the 

7 Reg"" I p"" Breeches i p'' Stockings & i shirt, to Henry Wood, 
William Jones, William Morgan, William Thomas & John Paine 
of the Matross Comp'' in the Continental Service lately commanded 
by Capt. Gale, each of them 2 Shirts i p"" shoes and i p*" Stockings to 
be charged to the Comp''. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Capt. Henry Gaither 3 Camp 
Kettles for the use of the Recruits in Annapolis. 

That Comm"" Grason deliver to Docf Benjamin Kirby the Mede- 
cine Chest which was sold to the state by James Sullivan, Docf Kirby 
having satisfied this Board that it is his property. 



of the Council of Maryland. 105 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to M' Archibald Pattison Liber C B 
two thousand Dollars to be delivered over to Patrick Braup^han of ' ^^ 
Dorset County a recruitinf^ Officer appointed by this Board to be by 
him expended in the Recruiting Service & Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker, Two hundred 
and fifty Pounds on ace' 

The Governor and Council have agreed to pay Capt. Philemon 
Warfield £40 p month for Superintending the Magazine near 
Rawlings's. 

Commission of Letter of Marque & Reprisal issued to Joseph 
Elliot Commander of the Schooner Molly 60 Tons burthen, navi- 
gated by ten Men, mounting 2 Carriage Guns i Swivel & 6 Small 
Arms, belonging to Archibald Pattison &C° Dorchester County. 

Whereas it appears by a Transcript from the Records of the Pro- 
ceedings of Queen Anns County Court, that a certain David Roberts 
of the said County was presented for burning the Mansion House 
of John Roser. And Whereas the said David Roberts by his Peti- 
tion which is supported by sundry respectable Inhabitants of the 
County aforesaid hath prayed my Interposition in his favor. I have 
thought proper that all Proceedings at Law for or concerning the 
said Offence shall cease and that the said Presentment be forthwith 
discharged. Tho. Sim Lee. 

To Luther Martin Esq*" Attorney General, or the Prosecutor of 
the Criminal Pleas in Queen Anns County. 



Saturday 11 March 1780. March 11 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Samuel 
Sadler three hundred and seventy five Pounds for the use of Nathaniel 
Smith due him per Account passed by the Deputy Auditor. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Archibald Job p. 122 
Esq*" five hundred and sixty Pounds to be delivered over to Joseph 
Gilpin due him per Ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Neary a Recruit 
a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the late Act of Assembly. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Montgomery County pay to 
Samuel Thomas, 3^* Esq*" Commissioner for said County one thou- 
sand five hundred Pounds to enable him to carry into Execution the 
Act for the immediate Supply of Flour and other Provisions for the 
Army on Ace' 

That the said Collector of the Tax pay to Solomon Stympson 
Esq'' Com"" for said County one thousand five hundred Pounds to 
enable him to carry into Execution &c* 



io6 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the Collector of the Tax for Kent County pay to John Page 
^°- '^ Esq*" Commissioner for said County two thousand Pounds to enable 
him to carry into Execution the Act for the immediate Supply &c^ 

That John Shaw deliver to M*" Archibald Pattison one Barrel 
Cannon Powder 2 Powder horns, 2 quires of Cannon Cartridge 
Paper & i Lanthorn taking his Receipt for the same to be paid for at 
the Price the like Articles to be disposed of by this Board may sell 
for at Public or Private Sale. 

Serjeant Richard Welsh a Matross in the late Capt. Gales Com- 
pany having procured William Thomas an able Bodied Man to serve 
in the Continental Army in his stead during the War the said Richard 
Welsh is hereby Discharged 

This Board have disposed of to Col° James Kent a Cable lent him 
some time last Novem'' weighing 880* ^3^^ worn at 25/ pi amounting 
to £1100. 

Commission of Letter of Marque & Reprisal issued to Thomas 
Waters Comm"" of the Sloop Lark burthen 50 Tons, navigated with 
8 Men mounting 4 Carriage Guns belonging to Archibald Pattison 
& Comp'' Dorchester County. 

Permission is hereby given to Mrs. Alexander of this State to 
solicit Leave from his Excellency General Washington or the Com- 
manding Officer at the out Posts of the American Army at Elizabeth 
Town to go into the City of New York not to return again into this 
State during the Present War between America and Great Britain 
without the Leave of the Governor and Council for the Time being 
first had and obtained. 

Liber C C [Council to Colo. Henry Hollingsworth] 

No. 22 
p. 74 Sir We have received a Letter from the Board of War, informing 

us, that by Letters from the Commissary General of Issues, it is by 

no Means improbable that the Army will be obliged to disband, unless 

the Speediest Relief is afforded by forwarding as much Flour as 

possible, to prevent the Distress likely to fall on the Army, and the 

dangerous Consequences which may probably attend it. Under these 

Circumstances, we have to request your utmost Exertions and that 

you will inform us frequently, of the Quantity of Supplies forwarded 

by you 

[Council to The Commrs for Charles & St. Mary's Counties] 

Gentlemen We request you to supply to the Recruiting Officers 
and others returned on Furlough, in your County, Provisions and 
Forage on their producing General Smallwoods Requisition for 
the same. 



of the Council of Maryland. 107 

[Council to Gen'l Smallwood.] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir Your Letter of the 7"' Ins' was handed to us this Day by Col° 

Jenifer and by the same Opportunity we enclose you Letters to the 

Commissioners of Charles and Saint Mary's Counties, desiring them 

to furnish, upon your Requisition, supplies of Provision and Forage, 

for Recruiting Officers and Parties, in those Counties and also for 

Officers on Furlough. The late Resignations of Commissaries and 

Quartermasters have been attended with Inconvenience which, we 

hope, may be, in some Measure, remedied, in this Instance, at least, 

by the step we have taken. 

[Council to Honble Board of War] 

Gentlemen We had the Honor of receiving your Letter of the 
7^ Ins' at 6 o'clock last Evening: the Subject is of a most Serious 
and alarming Nature and you may rely upon our immediate Atten- 
tion to it. Every Exertion shall be made on our Part to extricate the 
Army from its present Difficulties and Distress, we, however, cannot 
avoid expressing our Astonishment on finding the Magazines in such 
an exhausted State, after the Numberless Accounts received of plen- 
tiful Supplies being received at Camp. These Accounts, we must 
observe, were not officially given but they, however came through 
such a Variety of Channels, we thought them entitled to some Credit, 
especially as we had received nothing contradictory from Congress 
Your Hon^'* Board or the General. We again beg you to be assured 
that we will make every Efifort to send forward to Camp, all the Flour 
that is or may be collected, without Loss of Time. 

[Council to the Commissioners of the several Counties] p. 75 

Circular Extract of a Letter from the honble the Board of War, 
to the Governor dated March 7"" 1780 — 

" We are alarmed and most feelingly distressed at the Accounts 
we have just received from the Commissary General of Issues, of the 
State of the Magazines of Provisions at Camp. Unless the Speediest 
Relief is afforded it is by no Means improbable that the Army will 
be obliged to disband the Vicinity of the Camp and indeed the whole 
State of lersey being exhausted by its Exertions for the Supply of the 
Troops this winter. We have therefore most earnestly to request 
the Assistance of your Excellency and the Honorable Council upon 
this disagreeable Exigency and we beg you will cause as much Flour 
as possible to be forwarded that the Distress likely to fall on the 
Army and the dangerous Consequences which may probably attend 
it, may be prevented " 

Gent. The above, we trust, is sufficient without any Exhortation of 
ours, to impress on your Minds the absolute Necessity of forwarding, 
without Delay, all the Flour you may have in Readiness and to 



io8 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C hasten the manufacturing of the Wheat in your Hands ; the Flour 
^°- ^^ and Wheat taken from the French Agents excepted. 

The following Post script to be added, to the Commissioners for 
Baltimore County, " The enclosed Order on the Collector of Balti- 
more County for f 8000 is sent at M"" Stevenson's Request, contained 
in his Letter of the 8"" Ins* " 

[Council to Mr. John Page, Kent County] 

Sir — We have received yours of the 2^ Ins* and approve of your 
Storing, at convenient Landings the Provisions collected in Virtue 
of the Act for the immediate Supply of Flour and other Provisions 
for the Army : they must certainly be transported with more Expe- 
dition as well as Ease by Water, than by Land and it must have been 
the Intention of the Legislature to furnish the Army in the Manner 
the least burthensome and inconvenient to the State, if it could be 
done with equal Speed and as you are peculiarly circumstanced, the 
Mode you have adopted is the most preferable. You are to retain in 
your Hands the Vessel and Grain, which is said to be the Property of 
M"" James Hutchings, until you make a thorough and satisfactory 
Enquiry into the Nature of that Transaction. If the Cargoe is the 
Property of the State, the Vessel must have been freighted by some 
of the Commissioners to remove it, of this you may satisfy yourself 
without Difficulty. You have an undoubted Right to seize the Grain, 
Flour &'=^ which may be found in the Hands of M*" Wederstrandt and 
every other Person under the Restrictions pointed out by the Law. 
We invariably directed the Commissioners to seize, as the Law war- 
rants, all the Flour and Grain purchased for the French Agent, of 
which they are to take a particular Account and transmit to this 
Board, but no such Flour or Grain is to be removed or sent forward 
to Camp, without our further Orders ; this is mentioned for your 
Government in such Cases. The Purchases of Millers are equally 
liable to Seizure, the Law makes no Distinction betwixt them and 
other Purchasers. The Ship Stuff and Bran you are to send an Order 
on the Collector of Kent County for £2000 and Certificates are here- 
with sent agreeably to your Request 

p. 76 [Gov. Lee to Colo. Henry Hollingsworth] 

Sir Aaron Ringrose Skipper of a Boat with 117 Barrels of Flour, 
this Moment called upon me for Instructions as to its Destination. 
The Flour is sent by Col° P. Tilghman one of the Commissioners 
for Talbot County, who did not know to whom the Council and I 
would have it forwarded and by his Directions, I have been applied 
to. The wind is fair and the Man uneasy to get under way, I have 
therefore, for the Sake of Dispatch, which is essentially necessary 
at this critical luncture, and without troubling the Council in the 
Business, ordered him to deliver his Cargoe to you 



of the Council of Maryland. icyj 

Monday 13'^ March 1780. LiUr C B 

No. 23 
Present as on Saturday Jerem" T. Chase Esq"" Attended. March 13 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Col" Joseph 
Dashiell Twenty seven Pounds due himself, fifteen Pounds for the 
use of Sol° Long-, fifty two pounds ten shillings for the use of John 
Jones, Twenty eight Pounds, thirteen shillings for the use of Robert 
Done and five Pounds, fifteen shillings and ten pence for the use of 
James Perdue per Accounts passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Commo"" Thomas Grason one thou- 
sand eight hundred and forty six Pounds, nineteen shillings and five 
Pence due him and the seamen belonging to this State "p pay List 
Examined & passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Elie Vallette six hundred and 
twenty five Pounds due him for i Months Salary p Ace' passed by p. 123 
the Aud. Gen' 

Ordered That John Shaw deliver to Samuel Chase Esq"" 25* Can- 
non Powder to be paid for at the Price the like Articles to be disposed 
of by this Board may sell for at Public & Private Sale 

That the Collector of the Tax for Baltimore County pay to Lieut 
Samuel Farmer of the 3'''^ Regim' Eight thousand Dollars to be by 
him expended in the Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That Capt. Geo. Keeports deliver to Capt. John Smith of the 
3"^ Reg"" Cloth sufficient for a Suit of Cloaths, 3 yds Shalloon & i p^ 
Brittanies of the 2^ Quality in part of the Article allowed &c^ 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Col° Joseph Dashiell one 
thousand five hundred Pounds for 4000 feet of 272 Inch Plank, Pine, 
procured by him at the request of the late Governor & Council to be 
delivered at Salisbury when Ordered. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Comm° Grason i p"" 
Shoes for John Berryman Seaman to be charged by the Com° to him. 

The Petition of Jesse Bennett of Worcester County exhibited to 
this Board on the 17 Novem"" 1779 complaining of an undue and 
unfair Election for Sherififs for said County is withdrawn by him 
by his Letter of the 29''' Dec"" last. 

Commissions of Letters of Marque & Reprisal issued to Davidson 
Durham Commander of the Schooner Chance, 70 Tons burthen navi- 
gated by 27 Men, mounting 8 Carriage Guns, 2 Swivils and 7 small 
Arms, belonging to Isaac Moses &C° of Philadelphia, to John Rogers 
Commander of the Brig Black Prince 90 Tons burthen navigated 
by 40 Men, mounting 12 Carriage Guns, 4 Swivils & 18 Small Arms, 
to John Stout of the Schooner Humming Bird 30 Tons burthen, 
navigated by 13 Men, mounting 4 Carriage Guns, 4 Swivils and 6 
small Arms, to William Thompson of the Schooner Two Sisters 
25 Tons burthen, navigated by 8 Men, mounting 4 Swivels and 6 



no Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Musketts to George Buchanan of the Brig Fox 80 Tons burthen 
^^ navigated by 22 Men, mounting 14 Carriage Guns, & 14 Small Arms, 
belonging to John Dorsey &C° Baltimore also Paul Hussey of the 
Schooner Lizard 60 Tons burthen navigated by 10 Men, mounting 
4 Carriage Guns & 6 small Arms, to Benjamin Bradhurst of the 
Schooner Blossom 45 Tons burthen navigated by 9 Men mounting 
4 Carriage Guns and 6 small Arms, belonging to Richard Curson 
&C° of Maryland and also to John M'^Kirdy of the Schooner Dove 
60 Tons burthen navigated by 13 Men, mounting four Swivils be- 
longing to Arch^ Buchanan &C° of Balt° 

Liber C C [Council to Perigrine Tilghman Esqr] 

No. 22 
p. 76 Sir Yours of the y^ Ins* came to Hand Yesterday Morning and 

Aaron Ringrose the Skipper of the Vessel, with 117 Barrels of Flour 
was immediately dispatched to the Head of Elk with Directions to 
deliver his Cargoe to Col° Henry HoUingsworth, to whom we must 
request you will forward all the Flour Wheat &'^^ you may collect in 
Virtue of the Act for the immediate Supply of Flour and other Pro- 
visions for the Army, and as water Carriage is attended with less 
Expence to the Public as well as less Inconvenience to Individuals we 
prefer that Mode of Conveyance. We are clearly of Opinion that 
the Flour &'^^ purchased by the French Agents are liable to Seizure 
by the Letter as well as the Spirit of the Law under which you act, 
and upon every Application made to us by the Commissioners, we 
have invariably directed them to take such Purchases into their Pos- 
session, and transmit to us a particular Account thereof but to wait 
our further Instructions before they are forwarded to Camp 



[Council to Capt. Levin Handy] 

Sir — We are sorry to hear your Endeavours to procure Recruits 
have not been attended with the Desired Success. The Assembly 
will probably meet in a few Days and if it should appear to them 
that the Public will receive an Advantage by extending the Term be- 
yond the first of April for giving the State Bounty to Recruits, there 
is little Doubt but it will be done ; we have not the Power to continue 
it beyond the Time limitted by the present Recruiting Law. Col° 
Dashiell informs us that it has been suggested to that Order of 
People who were most likely to enlist, that a Draft from the Militia 
would probably take Place, which may have induced many to decline 
entering into the Service for the Present, from an Expectation of 
getting more as Substitutes. We think there is no Prospect of a 
Draft as by a Letter from His Excellency the General, the Deficien- 
cies of the Maryland Quota is much less than we expected 



of the Council of Maryland. i J i 

Tuesday 14 March 1780 Liber C B 

No. 23 

Present as on Yesterday. fv'^^ 

■^ March 14 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Kent County pay to 
Ens John Sears of the 2'^ Regim' four thousand Dollars to be ex- 
pended in the Recruiting- Service & Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Baltimore County pay to Andrew 
Buchanan Joshua Stevenson & John Moale Esq" Comm" for said 
County EiiGj-ht thousand Pounds to enable them to carry into Execu- 
tion the Act for the immediate Supply of Flour & other Provi- 
sions &c* 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Arthur Bryan one thou- 
sand, one hundred and sixteen Pounds for the use of Edward Lloyd 
Esq*" the Compen^ made by the Gen' Ass^ 

That the said Treasurer pay to Edward Dorsey son of Jn° two 
hundred and seventy one Pounds thirteen shillings & nine Pence "p 
ace* passed by the Dep'' Aud. 

Joshua Burgess of Ann Arundel County app^ Ens. in the 4 Reg"" P- 124 
Henry Gassaway of the same County and Richard Chew late Serj' 
in the 4**^ Regim* appointed Ensigns in the second Brigade, John 
Boone of Prince George's County app'' Ens. in the i^* Regim' and 
also to M*" Kenneck app"^ Ens. in the 6^^ Reg' and it is requested that 
Commissions issue to them accordingly from the Board of War. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Muir three 
thousand Pounds to pay for making Shirts on Account. 

That Commodore Grason deliver to Samuel Chase Esq"" or his 
order, 2, 4* Ladles, and 20 double headed 4* Shott to be paid for at 
the same Price the like Articles to be sold by the Governor & Council 
sell for. 

That John Shaw deliver to the said Samuel Chase Esq*" or his 
order 2 Lanthorns and 9 Powder horns to be paid for as aforesaid. 

[Council to Mr. John Taylor] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir M"" M'^Comas informs us you have refused to receive Certifi- P- 77 
cates given in Virtue of the Act for the immediate Supply of Flour 
and other Provisions for the Army in Payment of the late Assess- 
ment. We think it must have been the Intention of the Legislature 
to have taken every Measure in their Power to soften and reconcile 
to the People a Law which was founded in Necessity. It would have 
been rather hard, first to strip the Subject of the only Means of rais- 
ing Money and afterwards refuse Certificates which they esteemed 
equivalent to Money, in Discharge of the Assessment. We are 
therefore the more inclined to think it must have been the Design of 
the Assembly to have made the Certificates discountable in the late 
as well as future Assessments. 



112 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to The Honble the Board of War] 

No 22 

Gentlemen. Joshua Burgess and Henry Gassaway of Ann Arun- 
del County and John Boone of Prince George's County in the State 
of Maryland are hereby appointed Ensigns, Joshua Burgess in the 
4"" Reg' Henry Gassaway in the 2^ Brigade and John Boone in the 
first Regiment of Continental Troops and we request Commissions 
may issue to them accordingly; Col° Otho Williams writes us 
" M*" Kenrick the Bearer enlisted in the 6* Maryland Regiment in 
1776 and has faithfully discharged the Duty of Sergeant Major to 
that Corps ; he has given Satisfaction in his Station and I think him 
qualified for a Commission of greater Authority, if he will accept 
of an Ensign's Commission in the 6"' it will be agreeable " ; we ap- 
point him an Ensign in the 6*^ Maryland Regiment and request a 
Commission may issue to him 

March 15 Wednesday 15 March 1780. 

^'^ No^ 23 Present as on Yesterday. 

p. 124 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Col° John 
Thompson Two hundred and ten Pounds, Bal^ due him p Ace* 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Edward Gaither jun'" a Com'' in 
Ann Arundel County two thousand Dollars to enable him to carry 
into Execution the Act for the immediate supply of Flour & other 
Provisions for the Army. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° James Tootell six hundred 
and seventy nine Pounds for the use of John Bolton p Ace* passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to Col° John Thompson 
a Commissioner for Queen Anns County Two thousand five hundred 
Pounds to enable him to carry into Execution the Act for the imme- 
diate Supply &c* on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Harwood Esq"" Cont' 
Treas'' or Order one hundred and Eight thousand four hundred and 
seventy four and two third Dollars as part of the four Million six 
hundred and Eighty thousand Dollars appropriated to the use of 
Congress by the General Assembly of this State, the balance left un- 
paid of an Order of the 18 Feb'^y last on the Coll"" of the Tax for Kent 
County which was returned to this Board and Lodged with the Con- 
tinental Treasurer. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Ens. Jacob Craufurd of 
the 2^ Reg'' si yds Cloth, 3 yds Shalloon & i p^ Brittanies of the 
third Quality in part of the Articles &c^ 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to the said Ensign Jacob 
Craufurd 2 pair of Stockings and 3 yds Linen for Lining in part of 
the Articles allowed by the General Assembly. 



of the Council of Maryland. 113 

[Council to Colo Henry HoIIingsworth] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir We have drawn in Favor of M*" Harwoorl, on the Treasurer p. 77 
of the Eastern Shore for 108.474% Dollars the Balance of your 
Order drawn to him on William Merrit the 18''' Feb''^ and not paid, 
which he will forward you by this Opportunity. The Commissioners 
are directed by the Law to forward the Provisions, and we have 
desired them to make Use of Conveyance by Water, whenever it can 
be done, and you will probably receive Wheat from tho.se who have 
not an Opportunity of grinding- it up in their Districts. 

[Council to William Smith Esqr] p. 78 

Sir We received your Letter of the 29"' Ult° and the 14'*' Ins* Our 
Expectation that the General Assembly will meet in a Day or two, 
to whose Consideration we intend to submit the several Letters and 
Papers that relate to the Seizure of the French Flour, added to the 
Information communicated by the Board of War in a Letter of the 
7* Ins* that the Distresses of the Army are alarming and require 
the speediest Relef have determined us not to grant the Permission 
requested. We suppose the Importance of the Subject will induce the 
General Assembly to deliberate on it as soon as they meet 



Thursday 16 March 1780 March 16 

•^ Liber C B 

Present as on Yesterday. No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to D*" John John- 
son for the use of Tho^ Johnson Esq'' late Gov'^ one hundred & sixteen 
Pounds thirteen shillings & four Pence. Bal*^^ of his last years Salary 
& three thousand seven hundred & fifty Pounds the Compens" made 
him by the Gen' Assembly as p his order of the 10 Instant. 



p. 124 



Friday 17"' March 1780 March 17 

p. 125 
Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That Chrisf Edelin Esq*" Collector of the Tax for Fred- 
erick County pay to Thomas Beatty Com'' for said County two thou- 
sand Pounds to enable him to carry into Execution the Act for the 
immediate Supply of Flour & other Provisions for the Army on 
Account. 

That the said Chrisf Edelin Esq"" pay to Capt. William Beatty of 
the y^^ Reg*" Ten thousand Dollars to be expended in the Recruiting 
Service & Accounted for. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Beatty Esq"" nine 
hundred and seventy Pounds to be delivered over to Capt. Richard 
Hafif on Account. 



114 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to the said Thomas Beatty thirty seven 
No. 23 Pounds ten shillings for the use of George Bear, Three hundred and 
thirty one Pounds, five shillings for the use of John Ramsburgh, 
nine hundred and thirteen Pounds, seven shillings and six Pence 
for the use of Capt. Richard Hafif & three hundred and thirty Pounds 
due himself per Accounts passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said Thomas Beatty five hun- 
dred and forty nine Pounds, Eight shillings and nine Pence for the 
use of Capt. Richard Haff p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Henry Ridgely three hundred and 
Thirty three Pounds, six shillings and Eight Pence due him "p Ace* 
passed by the Aud. Gen' — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson jun'' ten Pounds 
ten shillings due him "p Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' and the further 
Sum of Fifty Pounds on Ace* 

Liber C C [Council to Capt. Joseph Robinson] 

p 78 Sir The Certificate you sent us defective, it not appearing thereby 
that the Cargoe cleared out in Virtue of our Permit of December 
last, was applied to the Relief of the Inhabitants of the Island of 
Bermuda. The Assembly is expected to meet every Day and we shall 
lay your Case before them ; in the mean Time we cannot with Pro- 
priety give you the desired Permit 



March 18 Saturday 18 March 1780. 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday — 
p- 125 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Dennis Tur- 
nein, 5 Coats, 5 Waistcoats 5 p"" Breeches, 5 p"" Overalls, 5 Shirts, 
5 p'' Shoes, 5 p'' Stockings & 5 hatts one of each to be retained by him, 
the remainder to be delivered over to William Hurly, Edward Clancy, 
Philip Sullivan & Samuel Davis Recruits in the 7* Maryland Regim* 
the Bounty all*^ them by the G. Ass^ 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Cornelius Morris, 
John Davis, Thompson Murray, John Loaday & John Taplin recruits 
for 7 Reg' each a Suit of Cloath, the Bounty allowed by the late Act 
of Assembly. 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to John Holker of 
7 Reg* one Blanket to be charged to the said Regim* 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt Edward 
Oldham of the 4 Reg* 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 p*" Stockings 
for himself and also the like Articles for Lieut John Colegate of the 
same Regim* in part of the Articles all"^ by the G. Ass^ 

That Capt. George Keeport's deliver to the said Capt. Edward 
Oldham, 3^ yds. Cloth, 3 yds. Shalloon & i p* Brittanies for himself 



of the Council of Maryland. 1 1 5 

and also the like Articles for L' John Colegate in part of the Arli- Lilx:r C B 
cles allowed by the Gen' Assembly. ' "' ^^ 

That the Collector of the Tax for St. Marys County pay to I.ieut 
Nich* Manger of the 3*^ Reg' three thousand Dollars to be expended v- 12O 
in the Recruit^ Service & Acc"^ for 

Ordered That D*" Johnson Deliver to his Excellency Gov' Lee out 
of the State Shop i* Cream of Tarter & i* flour of Sulphur to be 
returned or paid for. 

Commissions of Letters of Marque & Reprisal issued to Joseph 
Dority Com'' of the Schooner Phenix 30 Tons Burthen, navigated 
by 9 men mounting 6 swivils and also to William Woolsey Com"" of 
the Schooner Centurion 80 Tons burthen navigated by 15 men. 
mount*^ 6 Carriage Guns and 13 small Arms belonging to David 
Stewart &C° Baltimore 

[Council to William Smith, Esqr] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir, We shall take the earliest Opportunity of communicating p-78 
your Letter of the 17"" Ins' to the Hon'^'^ the General Assembly. 



Monday 20 March 1780. Liber C B 

■' ' No. 23 

Present as on Saturday. Pv'^^, 

March 20 
Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert Reynolds, 

Fifty one Pounds, five shillings due him p Account passed by the 

Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Chalmers Two thousand Dol- 
lars to be by him expended in the Recruiting Service and Ac- 
counted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Serj. Lindiff of the 4**^ Reg' six 
thousand Dollars to be expended in the Recruiting Service and Ac- 
counted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Charles Wallace Eighty nine 
Pounds, seventeen shillings and six Pence due him per Account passed 
by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker two hundred and 
thirteen Pounds, ten shillings due him p Account passed by the 
Aud. Gen' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Prout & James 
Hammond of the late Capt. Gale's Comp^ of Artillery i p' of Shoes 
each to be ch*^ to said Comp^ 

That the said Commissary deliver to John Ashcraft, John Ballard. 
Samuel Gould of the 6 Reg*" Samuel Newcomb and Charles Grist of 
the I Reg' Recruits each a Suit of Cloaths allowed as a Bounty by 
the late Act of Assembly. 



ii6 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Henry Dickinson Esqr. Treasurer of the Eastern Shore] 

No. 22 

P-78 Sir The exhausted State of the Treasury of the Western Shore 
lays us under the Necessity of making AppHcation to you to furnish 
us immediately with all the Money in your Treasury exceeding the 
Sum of f 10,000 which we apprehend will be adequate to the Purpose 
of discharging all Demands on you. If you think it more prudent 
to bring the Money than to trust any Person with it, we will most 
willingly reimburse you all Sums of Money necessarily expended 
on that Account. 



Liber C B Tuesday 21 March 1780 

No. 23 
p. 126 Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Stevenson 
ninty Pounds for the use of Henry Talbot due him p Ace* passed 
by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Clement Beall Esq'' Eleven hundred 
Dollars to be Delivered over to Capt. John Courts Jones of the 
7 Reg* to be by him expended in the Recruiting Service and Ac- 
counted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Williams Thirty seven 
Pounds ten shillings due him -p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Maw, seventy five Pounds 
due him p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud'' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to William Ferguson a 
Recruit for the i Reg* i Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the 
Gen' Assembly. 

j^jarch 22 Wednesday 22"^ March 1780. 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq'' 
one hundred & sixty two Pounds, Eight shillings due him p Ace* 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Tucker 
of the 7 Reg"" one pair of Overalls. 



p. 127 



Liber C C [Council to Capt Alexr. Warfield] 

No. 22 

P- 79 Sir We are informed the Magazine under your Care is very in- 
secure and have requested M"" Shaw to call on you and inspect it and 
have the necessary Repairs made. If M"" Warfield should be from 
Home, M''^ Warfield is desired to let M"" Shaw have the Key. 



of the Council of Maryland. iij 

Thursday 23'^ March 1780. Liber C B 

No. 23 

Present as on Yesterday. Starch 23 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Ens. John 
Lowe of the 2^ Maryl"" Reg-im* 2 pair of Stockinjijs in part of tlic 
Articles allowed by the Gen' Assembly. 

That the said Commissary deliver to II(jratio Roberts of the 7 
Reg' and Michael Coalc and John Wharton of the i**' Reg' Recruits, 
each, a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the late Act of 
Assembly. 

That the said Commissary deliver to William Hillicr of the 2'' 
Regim' i shirt & i p'' Overalls and to Francis Fairbrother of the 
I St j^ggt J pr Overalls. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Ens. John Lowe of the 
2^^ Regim' i p^ Brittanies of the 3*^ Quality in part of the Articles &c* 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Beriah Maybury 
seventy two Pounds, fifteen shillings due him p Ace' passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to His Excellency Thomas Sim Lee 
Esquire Two thousand and Eighty three Pounds, six shillings and 
Eight Pence for i Month Salery to the 12"" Instant. 

Mess" Henry & Earle from the House of Delegates informs his 
Excellency that a sufficient Number of Members are met to proceed 
to Business. 

[Council to Mr. Jacob Giles] . Lji^gr c C 

No. 22 
Sir It is and has been invariably the Opinion of this Board that P-79 
the Commissioners appointed to execute the Law for the immediate 
Supply of Flour and other Provisions for the Army might in Virtue 
of that Act, seize every Species of Provisions therein enumerated, as 
well what might be found in the Hands of Public, as private Pur- 
chasers and we have given Instructions accordingly. Your Letter of 
the 13"" Ins' shall be immediately laid before the General Assembly 

[Council to General Gist] 

Sir We have received your Letters of the 23*^ Ult° and have made 
the Appointments agreeable to your Recommendation and in our 
Letter to the Board of War, have directed the Sergeants recom- 
mended by Gen' Smallwood, to be commissioned in his Brigade, 
leaving the Rank to be setled hereafter. M"" Randall will be requested 
to dispose of the mix'd Cloth and to procure other more suitable and 
we hope soon to forward Linen and Trimmings. The further Con- 
tents of your Letter will be laid before the General Assembly 



ii8 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Mr. John Randall] 

No. 22 

Sir We expect in a Short Time to send you Linen suitable for 
Shirts for the Officers and Trimmings for their Cloths and request 
you to exchange the mix'd Cloth for such as will be suitable to the 
Officers, if that cannot be done, that you will dispose of it and pur- 
chase the other Cloth. It will be proper to inform us of what you 
are able to do. Your Letters will be laid before the General Assembly 

[Council to Capt. George Keeports] 

Sir. We are desirous of forwarding the Linen and Trimmings for 
the Officers Cloths. Pray inform us immediately if you have a Pros- 
pect of procuring the Letter 

p. 80 [Council to Gen'l Washington] 

Sir We have had the Honor of receiving your Excellency's Letters 
of the 19*** & 20"" Ultimo and 10*'' of the Current Month, with their 
Several Enclosures, every of which shall be immediately laid before 
the honorable Gen' Assembly, now about to meet. The Recruiting 
Officers in this State have not had the Success we wished, yet they 
have procured a sufficient Number to lessen our Deficiency consider- 
ably and should the Legislature continue the Recruiting Act, six or 
eight weeks beyond the Time limited for its Duration, we have Rea- 
son to expect our Quota will be nearly if not entirely compleat in that 
Space 

Liber c B Friday 24 March 1780. 

p. 127 Present as on Yesterday. 
March 24 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Henry Mayna- 
dier Fifty four Pounds three shillings and four Pence due him p 
Ace* passed by the And. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Brice Esq"" five hundred 
Pounds for his Attendance to this Instant Inclusive. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Alex"" Lawson Smith one 
hundred and Twenty two Pounds due him p Ace* passed by the Aud. 
Gen> 

That the said Treasurer pay to Serj. John Plant of the i^' Regim* 
lately Discharged Twenty Pounds the AH"" made to the non Commis- 
sioned Officers & Privates by the Gen' Assembly, he having not 
received the same as appears by a Cert^ from Capt. John Mitchell of 
the first Maryland Regiment. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Richard Downes & 
James Currer Recruits for i^' Regim* each a Suit of Cloaths the 
Bounty allowed by the Gen' Assembly 



of the Council of Maryland. 1 19 

That the said Commissary of Stores deHver to John Hewin of the Liber C B 
3** Regiment 20 shirts, 20 Jackets, 20 p' Breeches, 20 j/ Stockings, ^"- ^^ 
20 p' Shoes and 20 Blankets to be dehvercd over to Capt. Joseph 
Marbury for 20 Recruits, enhsted for the s'* Regim' 

That the said Com^ dehver to Edw** Murray of 7 Regim' i p' 
Breeches. 

That Capt. Geo. Keeports Deliver to L' Elijah Evans of the Corps 
late Rawling's i p* Brittanies of the second Quality in full of the 
Articles Alt'* him by the Gen' Assembly. 

[Council to Captain Joseph Marbury] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We have given Sergeant Hewin an Order on the Commissary p. 80 

of Stores for 20 Shirts, 20 Jackets, 20 Pairs of Breeches, 20 Pair of 

Stockings, 20 Pair of Shoes and 20 Blankets, agreeably to General 

Smallwood's and your Request. It will be necessary that you take 

Receipts from the Recruits upon the Delivery of the Cloaths which 

we wish you to transmit to M"" Muir to prevent Frauds in receiving 

a second Time 

[Council to the Commrs for Baltimore Town] 

Gen* We are once more under the Necessity of applying to you for 
a further Supply of Flour. We shall be obliged to you to send im- 
mediately ten or twelve Barrels 

Saturday 25 March 1780. Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on Yesterday. p. 128 

Commission issued to John Dockery Thompson appointed Lieut ^^"""^'^ ^5 
of Cecil County Militia in the room of Charles Rumsay deceased. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Gold- 
smith one thousand and seventy one Pounds, two shillings and Eleven 
Pence and one thousand, seven hundred and twelve Pounds, ten shil- 
lings due him per Acc*^ passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Unsworth one hundred and 
thirty seven Pounds ten shillings per iVcc' passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. William Noyes one hundred 
and twenty six Pounds, seventeen shillings and six Pence due him 
p Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut. Isaac Duvall one hundred 
and seventy eight Pounds, two shillings and six Pence due him p 
Ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Samuel Chase Esq'' eighteen thou- 
sand, nine hundred and thirty two Pounds, sixteen shillings for the 
Use of John Dorsey &C° the Bal^ due them for Goods Purchased 
by the Gov'' & Council for the use of the Army. 



I20 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Com° Thomas Grason one hundred 
^°- ^^ & fifty Pounds on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Hindman Esq"' Eight 
hundred and fourteen Pounds, ten shillings for the use of James 
Hindman Esq"" the Compensation made him by the General Assembly 
as a Councellor to the late Governor. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Montgomery County pay to 
Solomon Stympson a Comm"" for said County one thousand Pounds 
and also to Thomas M^Cubbin a Comm'' for said County five hundred 
Pounds to enable them to carry into Execution the Act for the im- 
mediate Supply of Flour and other Provision for the Army. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Francis Fairbrother of 
the i^' and John Holden of the 5'*" Reg* each a p'' of Shoes to be 
charged to the said Regim'® 

Commissions issued to Geo. Hoskinson app*^ Capt. in the room of 
William Blackmore John Dowden i Lieut, Walter Harding 2^ Lieut. 
Mathew Wilson Ens. John Sommers Capt. in the room of Thomas 
Hays, Hezekiah Veach i Lieut, Walter White 2'^ Lieut, Hugh Hos- 
kinson Ens. Charles Gassaway Capt in the room of W™ Vearse, 
Benj^ Sommers i^' Lieut. Samuel Dyson 2*^ Lieut. Lawrence Allnut 
Ens. George Walter Capt. in the room of Jn° Walter, Samuel Watson 
I Lieut. William Hickman 2'^ Lieut, & John Steal Ens. of the Upper 
Battalion of Militia in Montgomery County, also to Benj. Ray Capt. 
in the room of Zeph^ Beall. Brock Mockby Capt. in the room of 
Geo. Cullum, Nathan Linthecum i^' Lieut Thomas Nicholls 2 Lieut, 
Benoni Dorsen Ens. John Dickinson Capt in the room of Benjamin 
Gaither, John W. Moore i^' Lieut, Stephen Holland 2^ Lieut, Zadock 
Dickinson Ens. — Thomas Conner Capt. in the room of Nich^ Ray, 
Samuel Crow i Lieut. Hezekiah Grifiith Capt. in the room of John 
Bruce, Benj. Ricketts i^' Lieut. & Benj. Gray 2^ Lieut, belonging to 
the Middle Battalion of Militia in the said County — and also to 
p. 129 Samuel Beall of Sam' appointed i^* Lieut, Anthony Willcoxen 2 
Lieut and George Willcoxen Ens of Samuel Swearinghams Comp^ 
belonging to the Lower Battalion of Militia in Montgomery County. 

Liber C C [Council to The Baron DeKalb] 

p 80 Sir We had the Honor of receiving your Letter of the 13*'^ ult. 
Yesterday Afternoon. The Honble Gen' Assembly of this State are 
about to meet and to them we shall refer the Consideration of the 
Subject you are pleased to recommend to our Attention 

[Council to Colo. Solomon Stympson] 

Sir We received yours of the 13* Instant. As we have sent you, 
by M"" Thomas an Order on the Collector for £1500, we think the 
enclosed Order for £1000 more may be sufficient for the necessary 



of the Council of Maryland. 121 

Purposes not provided for by the Law. As we have not any printed Liber C C 
Certificates of the Kind you mention we hope you will be able to ^"- ^ 
transact the Business aj^rcealjle to the Form we delivererl you. We 
do not think it would be proper to make any further Purchases at a 
higher Price than you have already given 

[Council to Mr. Thomas Maccubbin] p. 81 

Sir Enclosed is an Order on tlie Collector for £500 to be expended 
in those Purposes not provided by the Law and necessary for the 
Execution of it 

Monday 27 March 1780 Liber C B 

Present as on Saturday. p. ^2^ 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. John ^^''cn 27 
Green three hundred and forty eight Pounds fifteen shillings and ten 
Pence due him p Acct. passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said John Green thirteen Pounds 
due him p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut. James Brufif of the 6'*' 
Regim* five thousand Dollars to be expended in the Recruiting Serv- 
ice & Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Baltimore County pay to Capt. 
John Smith of the 3'' Regim' three thousand Dollars to be by him 
expended in the Recruiting Service & Accounted for. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Ens. John Smoot of the 
jst Brigade 3I yds. Cloth 3 yds shalloon & i piece of Brittanies of 
the 3'^ Quality in part of the Articles &c^ 

That Capt. Geo. Keeports deliver to Lieut James Bruff of the 
6 Regim' Cloth suff* for a Waistcoat & Breeches with Trimmings for 
a Suit of Cloatlis and i p^ Brittanies of the 2'^ Quality in part of the 
Articles all*^ by the Gen' Assembly. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Ens. John Smoot of 
i^* Brigade 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 p*" Stockings in part of the 
Articles &c^ 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Crisall five hundred 
Pounds on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Aquila Paca Esq"" Twentv thou- 
sand Pounds to be delivered over to Richard Dallam Esq"" on Account. 
M*" Robert Berry agrees to take Charge of the Boat Plater &c^ 
and to continue in her for six Months from this Dav upon the follow- 
ing Terms. M"" Berry is to be paid £200 p Month and allowed 5 
Gallons of Rum, half of a pound of Bohea Tea, six Pounds of CofTee 
& ten Pounds of Brown Sugar for the use of himself and Hands a 
Month AP Berry thinks four Men and a Boy will be sufficient to 
work & manag-e the Boat. 



122 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Richard Dallam Esqr.] 

No. 22 

p. 8i Sir Your Letter of the 21^' Inst, came to Hand this Day. The 
Commissioners are directed by the Law, to give Certificates for the 
Hire of Waggons &^^ and for Works and Labour done in carrying 
the Act into Execution, so that we cannot consistent with our 
Duty transmit you Money for those Services, the Law having pre- 
scribed a different Mode of Payment. We have given M'' Paca an 
Order on the Western Shore Treasurer in your Favor for 20,ooo£ 
on Account 

It is not in our Power, at present to ascertain what is due to you, 
when that can be done we will endeavour to pay you the Balance 
if any. 

[Council to Capt. George P. Keeports] 

Sir We received your Letter of the 21^* Ins* and think it will be 
best for you to have a sufficient Number of Shoes made for the Sol- 
diers and to engage the Shoemakers of your Town to make them 
[Shalloon ^01" ^ certain Price and you must make the best Contract for the State 
was a you can. You must have Coats made out of the Cloth suitable for 
'^ °en ^oo?en the Recruits and Coatees out of the Shalloons and Ratteens bought of 
cloth. Rat- Dorsey and Hammond if the Recruits will take them in Lieu of 
thick twill- Cloth Coats. You must have as many Dozen Coat and Waistcoat 
ed woolen Buttons made as on a Calculation will be sufficient for the Officers 
belonging to all the Regiments. We have enclosed you an Order on 
the Collector of Baltimore County, for six thousand Pounds. 
M'' Muir has Directions to supply you with Buttons made here for 
the Soldiers Cloathing. Please to send us by the first Opportunity 
a Return of the Military Stores under your Care. 



Liber C B Tuesday 28 March 1780 

No. 23 _, ^r , , 

March 28 Present as on Yesterday. 

p. I2Q Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Alex. Contee 
Hanson Esq"" three thousand and fifty seven Pounds, ten shillings 
due him as Judge of the Gen' Covirt to the i^* Instant per Account 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Stephen West Esq*" three thousand 
seven hundred & fifty Pounds to be expended in Wood & other Neces- 
saries for the support of the Board of Commissioners for Settling 
public Accounts to be Accounted for. 

That Henry Dickinson Esq*" Treasurer of the Eastern shore pay 
over to Thomas Harwood Esq"" Treasurer of the western shore one 
hundred and forty two thousand, two hundred and thirty five Pounds, 
seventeen shillings & Eleven Pence to be Accounted for. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Patrick Lynch of 7"" 
Regim' one Shirt 



of the Council of Maryland. 123 

That the said Coni^ deh'ver to 'Jhompson Murray a recruit for Lit^r C B 
i" Reg' one Suit of Cloaths the Bounty all'' by the Gen' Assembly. ^^- ^^ 

[Council to the Lieuts. of the several Counties] LiJ^cr C C 

No. 22 
Sir A Committee of the House of Delej:fates have applierl to us for p. 81 

the Number of Recruits enlisted in this State under the Act for re- 
cruiting- the Quota of Troops &*=" The Recruiting Officers have not 
made their Returns though we have requested them to do it, which 
is the Cause of our troubling you to procure Lists from the several 
Field Officers of your County, of the Men passed by them and to 
transmit them together with a List of those passed by yourself imme- 
diately to this Board, that the Committee may make their Report, 
which cannot be done, 'til you and the Lieutenants of the other 
Counties favour us with the Returns. The Importance of the Recruit- 
ing Service will induce you to send the Lists as soon as possible that 
proper Measures may be taken this Session, if the Deficiency should 
be considerable, to fill up our Quota 

Wednesday 29 March 1780. March 29 

Liber C B 
Present as on Yesterday. No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Mrs. Mary 
Ghiselin, six hundred and forty five Pounds, sixteen shillings & Eight 
Pence due her "p Ace' passed by the Aud. G' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Berry five hundred Pounds 
on Ace' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Thomas Armstrong a 
9 Months Soldier in the 6"' Regim' Discharged the Amount of 
Twenty nine Pounds ten shillings in Cloathing due him by an Act to 
procure Troops for the American Army. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Patrick Lynch of 7 Regiin' 
one p"" Breeches. 

Permission is hereby given to M" Ann Connolly, Margaret Con- 
nolly and Rachel the Daughter of the Latter, all of this State, to 
solicit Leave from his Excellency General Washington or the Com- 
manding Officer at the Out Posts of the American Army at Elizabeth 
Town to go into the City of New York with a View of going imme- 
diately to Ireland, not to return again into this State during the 
present War, between America and Great Britain without the Leave 
of the Governor & Council for the Time being, first had and obtained. 

Thursday 30 March 1780 March t,o 

Present as on Yesterday. 

In Virtue of a Resolve of the General Assembly of the 29"' Inst. 
License is hereby granted to M"" Monbos to ship on board Lebon 



124 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B homme Richard, one hundred Barrels of Flour and one hundred and 
No. 23 ££^y Barrels of Bread for the Use of le Fier Rodrique a Sixty four 
Gun Ship le Peron of Twenty two Guns les dern Elennes of Sixteen 
Guns, Lebon homme Richard also a Ship & two Briggs all now 
lying in Virginia, Provided that M"" Monbos on Clearing out Lebon 
homme Richard make Oath that the Provisions permitted to be ex- 
ported are intended for the use of the Crews of the Vessels above 
mentioned and not for Sale. 

Ordered That M"" John Shaw deliver to Capt. Berry of the Plater 
Lead sufif' for Aprons for 8 Swivels and 8i powder. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq'' six hun- 
dred and Eighty Pounds for his Attend^ in Council to this Inst, 
inclusive. — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Robert Berry six hundred 
Pounds on Ace* 

M"" Robert Mundell is recommended by this Board to His Excel- 
lency Gen' Washington or the Commanding Officer at Elizabeth 
Town for his Licence to go into the City of New York for the Pur- 
pose of obtaining a Passage to Great Britain 

Liber C C [Council to Mr Samuel Purviance.] 

No. 22 
p. 82 Sir Enclosed you have a Copy of Slops delivered by Order of the 

Governor and Council to Capt. James Nicholson for the Use of the 
Conqueror Galley We are in Want of those Articles and have ordered 
Capt. Berry to wait on you and receive them. It appears by a Memo- 
randum at the Foot of the Account that Captain Nicholson received 
some Casks, the Number we cannot ascertain, belonging to the State, 
which were to have been returned. 



March 31 Friday 3 1 March 1780 

* No. 23 Present as on Yesterday. 

P- 130 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to His Excellency 
Thomas Sim Lee Esq"" four thousand one hundred and sixty six 
Pounds, thirteen shillings & four Pence for the use of the Honble 
John Rogers due him for 4 Months Salary as Chancellor to i^' Inst. 
That the said Treasurer pay to William Hemsley Esq'' Twenty 
five thousand Pounds in part payment for two hundred Barrels of 
Flour Purchased of him by this Board, 
p. 131 William Middleton agrees to take Charge of the Boat Dolphin 
&C^ and to continue in her for six Months from this Day upon the 
following Terms. M'' Middleton is to be paid £200 p month and 
allowed five Gallons of Rum half of a pound of Bohea Tea six Pounds 
of Coffee and ten pounds of brown Sugar for the use of himself and 



of the Council of Maryland. 125 

hands a Month, M*" Middleton thinks four hands and a Boy will lye Liber C B 
sufficient to work and manage the lioat. 

In Virtue of a Resolve of the General Assembly of the 30"' Instant 
Permission is hereby given to Captain Nathaniel Mitchell to trans- 
port from this State to the Islands of Bermuda Eleven hundred 
Bushels of Indian Corn in the Sloop Fanny for the relief of the In- 
habitants of the said Islanris Provided the said Mitchell his Officers 
and Crew previously to the Vessels Clearing out take the Oath pre- 
scribed by the 17 Section of the Act to Prohibit for a Limitted time 
the exportation of Wheat Flour &c* 

Agreeably to a Resolve of the General Assembly of the 3*^ Inst. 
Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to David Poe Esq*" 
acting in the Quarter Masters Department in Baltimore Town fifteen 
thousand Pounds for the use of his Department which said Sum is 
to be charged to the United States and for which the said David 
Poe is to be Accountable. 

On the Petition of Empson Bird and William Currer of Cecil 
County, Ordered that they be relieved from the Collection of the 
present Assessment of £5 in the C 

Joseph Wilkes a Matross in Baltimore Town enlisted in Jan'' 1776 
by Maj"" Nath' Smith, appearing by his representation to be unfit for 
Service the said Wilkes is hereby discharged. 

The Governor & Council agree with M"" Hemsley for 200 Bbles 
of Sup-fine flour & the Middlings which come out of that Flour at 
7o£ p O and 12 Doll"^ p Barrel. 

Commissions issued to Joseph Robinson, Ezekiel Vickars & Levin 
Kirkman app*^ Coroners of Dorchester County and also to William 
Ennalls, John Dickinson, Joseph Richardson Edward Noel and 
Thomas Firmin Eccleston appointed Judges of the Orphans Court 
for Dorchester County. 

[Council to the Collector of the Tax for Cecil County] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir Empson Bird and William Currer of Cecil County have, by P-82 
their Petitions set forth to us that they suffered very considerable 
Losses by the Enemy in the year 1777. Empson Bird, that he had 
taken from him by the Enemy one mulatto Man, one Negro Woman 
a Horse, Saddle and Bridle, and William Currer that he had taken 
from him, four able bodied Negro Men and it appearing to us by 
their Depositions and the Depositions of others that the said Facts 
are true, and we esteeming it proper that the Collection of the present 
Assessments of the said Empson Bird and William Currer of five 
Pounds in the Hundred Pounds should be suspended, do direct you 
not to collect the same or any Part thereof from either of them, and 
if collected, to refund the same. 



126 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Saturday i^* April 1780. 

No. 23 
April I Present as on Yesterday. 

^' ^^^ Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas John- 
son j*" four hundred and sixteen Pounds, thirteen shillings & four 
Pence due him per i m° Salary as Q to the Gov. &C° to i^' Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Reith one hundred and 
twenty five Pounds due him for i m° Salary as Messenger this Day. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah Forrest Aud. Gen^ one 
thousand and forty one Pounds thirteen shillings & four Pence due 
him for i m° Salary to this Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Smoot, forty eight 
Pounds to be delivered over to Nathan Bradley due him p Ace* 
passed by the Aud Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Mich' Boyer of the German 
Reg* one hundred and Eighty one Pounds two shillings and six 
Pence p Ace* passed by D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said Capt. Mich' Boyer four 
thousand six hundred and fifty Dollars to be by him expended in the 
Recruiting Service & Ace*' for 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Wilmot one hundred & thirty 
four Pounds due him -p Ace' passed by D. Aud. 
p. 132 Ordered That Chrisf Edelin Coll"" of the Tax for Frederick County 
pay to Abraham Faw six thousand Dollars to be by him expended 
in Cloathing for the Army and Accounted for 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj. John Cheshire of 
the 7*'^ Regim* i Shirt, i p' Shoes, i Jacket and i p"" Breeches. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Capt. Mich' Boyer of the 
German Reg* a Suit of Cloaths for each of Mich' Rightmire, John 
Larose, W" Kennedy, Thomas Larymore Abraham Veatch, Joseph 
Martin and Jesse M^Kensey Recruits for the Maryld. Part of the 
Germ. Reg* the Bounty due them by the late Act of Assembly. 

That the said Capt George Keeports deliver to Capt. Mich' Boyer 
2 p* of Brittanies of the 2*' Quality in part of the Articles Allowed 
by the Gen' Assembly. 

Docf Gustavus Brown is recommended by this Board to His Ex- 
cellency General Washington or the Commanding Officer at Eliza- 
beth Town for his Licence to go into the City of New York for the 
Purpose of obtaining a Passage to great Britain, and under the 
Peculiar Circumstances of his Case to return again to this State 
agreeably to a Resolve of the House of Delegates of this date 

On the Application of William Smith Esq"" of Baltimore Town 
who is to this Purpose commissioned and Authorized by M*" Holker 
who is Agent for the Marine of his Most Christian Majesty ; Licence 
is hereby granted to Lade and export in the Schooner's Holker and 



of the Council of Maryland. 127 

Morris now lying in the Port of Baltimore, their Cargoes of Flour Liber C B 
and other Provisions for the use of the Fleet and Army of his most ^'^- ^^ 
Christian Majesty in the West Indies, the saifl Schooner's clearing 
out at the proper Office and the Captains complying with the Act of 
Ass^ in such Case made and Provided. 

[Council to Mr. Abraham Faw.] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir. We enclose you an Order on the Collector of the Tax for six p. 82 

thousand Dollars to pay for the 200 Hats you mention, with which 

you are to close your Purchases 

[Council to The Commissioners for Baltimore Town] 

Gentlemen The General Assembly in Conformity to a Requisition 
of Congress have requested us to direct fifteen thousand Barrels of 
Flour to be delivered to the Agent of France, including the Quantity 
he was heretofore permitted to purchase by Authority of this State. 
We therefore request you to have delivered to M"" William Smith of 
Baltimore Town, all the Flour and Wheat seized by you in Pursu- 
ance of the Act for the immediate Supply &'^* If any of the Wheat 
seized by you has been manufactured you must deliver the Flour &" 
produced therefrom to M"" Smith 

[Council to William Smith Esqr.] p. 83 

Sir You will perceive by the enclosed Resolve of the General As- 
sembly that the Governor and Council are requested to direct a Quan- 
tity of Flour to be delivered to M"" Holker or his Agent which, with 
what he has been already permitted to purchase by the Authority of 
the State may in the Whole, compleat the Quantity of fifteen Thou- 
sand Barrels. It appears by a Letter from the President of Congress 
accompanying the Recommendation upon which the above Resolve 
is founded, that this State is to be credited with all the Flour with 
which the French is to be supplied exceeding the Quantity heretofore 
permitted to be purchased in this State for their Use. We cannot 
after the strictest Search among our Papers, discover, that the Minis- 
ter or Agent of France, either by a direct Application to this State 
or through Congress or a Committee of Congress was ever allowed 
to purchase more than 8000 Barrels in the whole, for the Use of the 
Marine of France and must request you to inform us what Quantity 
the French Agent was permitted to purchase by the x\uthority of 
this State and if it exceeds 8000 Barrels, to point out when and in 
what Manner the Allowance of this State was obtained. We also 
desire you to inform us what Quantity has been purchased by you 
and your Deputies for the French Marine and how much has been 
Shipped by you for that Use, and when, and the Names of the Depu- 
ties employed by you. In desiring such precise Information from 



128 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C you, we are actuated by the following Reasons ; If the Agent of 



No. 22 



p. 132 



France, as has been insisted by M"" Holker, had Licence from this 
State to purchase 12000 Barrels ; we shall have Credit for only 3000, 
but on the Contrary, if he was allowed to purchase only 8000 Barrels, 
we shall have a Right to claim a Deduction of 7000 Barrels out of 
the Quota of 20000 to be furnished by this State, agreeable to a 
Requisition of Congress of the 25'^ Feb''^ last. We have sent you 
Permits to load the Schooners Holker and Morris with Flour for 
the Use of the French Fleet and Army and have directed the Com- 
missioners of Baltimore Town to restore all the French Flour and 
Wheat in their Possession seized by them and if any of the Wheat 
has been manufactured, to deliver the Flour produced therefrom 



Liber C B Monday 3<^ April 1780. 

No. 23 
April 3 Present as on Saturday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Hyde 
four hundred and sixteen Pounds, thirteen shillings and four Pence 
for I m° Salary as As* Q. to the Governor and Council to the l^* Jnst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brown Esq"" five thousand. 
Eight hundred and thirty seven Pounds, ten shillings for the use of 
William Carmichael p Ace' passed by Aud. G' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Reith fifty Eight Pounds 
ten shillings due him p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to CoP Uriah Forrest six hundred and 
sixty seven Pounds, nine shillings and ten Pence and two hundred 
and Eight Pounds ten shillings for the use of Nath' Smith p Ace' 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson jun"" ten thousand 
Pounds for the use of Capt. Geo. Keeports on Ace' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Rivers of the first 
Maryland Regiment one pair of shoes to be charged to the said 
Regim' 

That the said Commissary of Stores deliver to Joseph Law a Re- 
cruit for the i^' Regiment one Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by 
the late Act of the Gen' Assembly. 



p 133 Tuesday 4 April 1780. 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Ens. William 
Smoot of the i^' Regim' Ninty two Pounds due him p Ace' passed 
by the Dep^ Aud. 



of the Council of Maryland. 129 

That the said 'JVeasurer pay to James Tootell, five hundred and ]^\,cT C B 
twenty three Pounds seven shilling's anrl ten pence half penny for ^'^- ^^ 
the use of John Bolton p Ace' passed by the Dep>' Aud. 

[Council to Capt. George Hamilton s*'' Regt] Liber C C 

N'o. 22 
Sir. We have wrote to M'' Keeports to supply you with Cloathing P-Sj 
for your Recruits 

[Council to Capt. Richard Dorsey.] 

Sir We intend to send the Linen for the Officers to Camp in a few 
Days, where you will have an Opportunity of being supplied, in Pro- 
portion to the Quantity that will be on Hand to be distributed 

[Council to Capt. George P. Keeports.] p. 84 

Sir We have received yours of the 29"' ult° and i^' Inst, and shall 
send you by the first good Opportunity ten thousand Pounds to be 
expended in the purchasing of the sewing Silk and paying for the 
Making of the Officers Buttons, the remainder to be laid out in 
Shoes. If you cannot wait for the Payment of our Order on the 
Collector, return it and the Money shall be sent you. If you can 
exchange the Shalloons on Hand for such as will be suitable, we 
request you to do it on the best Terms you can, unless the Recruits 
are willing to receive it for the Coats allowed them by the State, and 
if a sufficient Quantity cannot be had that way. It will be proper to 
engage it as we propose sending the Linen and other Things on Hand 
to Camp in a few Days. We shall be glad to know if any suitable 
Trimmings can be obtained. The Governor has wrote to M"" Hudson 
about the Blankets. Capt. George Hamilton applies for Cloathing 
for his Recruits : we have already wrote you to have the Cloth made 
up; on his Application, you will supply him with the State Bounty 
as far as you can, on his making a Return of his Men and giving 
you a Receipt. 

Wednesday 5 April 1780. Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on Yesterday. p. 133 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to David Reese, ^"^^ ^ 
Twenty six thousand six hundred and fifteen Pounds, seventeen shil- 
lings and six Pence for the use of Daniel Bowly due him for the 
Goods Purchased by the Governor & Council for the use of the 
Army. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Serj* John Lindiflf two thousand 
Dollars to be by him expended in the Recruiting Service and Ac- 
counted for. 



130 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Richard Keene a Comm'' for Caro- 
°' ^^ line County one thousand Pounds to enable him to Carry into Execu- 
tion the Act for the immediate Supply of Flour and other Provisions 
for the Army on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Sands forty five Pounds 
due him per Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to Nathaniel Potter one 
thousand Dollars to enable him to Carry into Execution the Act for 
the immediate Supply of Flour &c^ 

It appearing from a Certificate of the President of the State of 
Delaware of the 20*'' of March last Deposited with this Board, that 
Freeborn Garretson who hath given Bond for his Personal appear- 
ance before the Executive Council of the said State of Delaware, 
that the Tennor of the said Bond is complyed with. It is therefore 
Ordered that the same be Cancelled. 

On the Application of William Smith Esq"" of Baltimore Town 
who is to this Purpose commissioned and Authorized by M"' Holker 
who is Agent for the Marine of His most Christian Majesty Licence 
is hereby granted to Lade and Export in the Schooner Baltimore 
now lying in the Port of Baltimore, her Cargoe of Flour and other 
Provisions for the use of the Fleet and Army of his most Christian 
Majesty in the West Indies, the said Schooner clearing out at the 
proper Office and the Captain complying with the Act of Assembly 
in such Case made and Provided. 

Commission issued to Robert Berry appointed Captain of the State 
Boat Plater. 

Commission issued to Richard Ellis appointed Surveyor of Cecil 
. County in the room of Hez^ South resigned and also to John Page 
appointed Sheriff of Kent County in the room of William Hall 
deceased. 

Robert Smith is recommended by this Board to His Excellency 
Gen' Washington or the commanding Officer at Elizabeth Town for 
his Licence to go into the City of New York for the Purpose of 
obtaining a Passage to Great Britain agreeably to a Resolve of the 
House of Delegates of the 3 1 of March. 

Commissions issued to Rich*' B. Carmichael app'' Capt. in the room 
of John Dames, Henry D. Coursey i L* Sam' W. Thomas 2^ L' 
Robert Dawson Ens. Ch^ Cooke Capt. in the room John R. Emory, 
Thomas Bailey i L' James Stinson 2^ U James Austin Ens. and 
p. 134 also to John Dawes appointed Maj"" of the 20* Battalion of Militia 
in Queen Anns County. 



Liber C C [Council to The Naval Officer at Baltimore] 

p 84 Sir On M'' William Smith's Application to export 500 Barrels 
of Flour and the same of Bread, to Virginia for the Use of the 



of the Council of Maryland. 131 

French Marine, Permits are to be grantetl under similar Restrictions Li}>CT C C 
expressed in our other Permits for that Purpose 



No. 22 



[Council to Wm. Smith, Esqr.] 

Sir. Your Letters of the 3*^ Instant, we have received and have 
sent a Permit to load the Schooner Baltimore and a Copy of the 
Resolve of the Gen' Assembly of the 30''' March which our Secretary 
was directed to enclose in our last we shall write to the Naval Ofificcr 
of Baltimore to permit you to export the Quantity of 500 Barrels of 
Bread and 500 of Flour, to Virj^inia for the use of the French 
Marine. The French Aj^^ent is not at Liberty to continue his Pur- 
chases; such a Quantity of Flour will be delivered to him by our 
Order, as with what he has already been permitted to purchase, will 
make in the whole 15 : 000 Barrels. We are anxious to have the pre- 
cise Quantity purchased by you and your Deputies ascertained as 
speedily as possible, that we may give Directions to have the enclosed 
Resolve fully complied with. The Extract of our Letter of the ly^^ 
lan^ last which you obtained by Accident appears to have given you 
more Uneasiness than we think any Expressions contained therein 
can justly excite : those Parts which you deem so offensive, have p. 85 
not any Allusion to you or your Conduct, they relate to those Persons 
who, desirous of deriving considerable Advantages from their illegal 
Purchases and contriving to elude the Law, pretended that the Wheat 
and Flour in their Possession was purchased for the French, expect- 
ing thereby, to exempt those Articles from Seizure. Our Letter was 
wrote to the Commissioners of Cecil in Consequence of Information 
received from them, that many Obstacles were thrown in their way 
to retard, if not prevent the Execution of the Law and particularly 
that the Possessors of Wheat and Flour to avoid a Seizure, pretended 
they were purchased for the French, and was a Direction to them 
pointing out the Line of Conduct to be pursued under the Law in 
procuring Supplies for the Army and was calculated to frustrate the 
Artifices of pretended French Agents, who were sedulous in At- 
tempts to defeat the desirable End of the Law. We have laid all the 
Letters and Papers that relate to the Seizure of French Flour and 
the Part you have taken therein, before the General Assembly and 
we make no Doubt that, that Body, on your Application, will afford 
you an Opportunity of vindicating your Character and freeing it 
from the Aspersion attempted to be cast on it 

Thursday 6"" April 1780. Liber C B 

_ .,- , No. 23 

Present as on Yesterday. April 6 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert Berry ^' ^^ 

two hundred and ninty seven Pounds, seven shillings and six Pence 

due him "p Ace' passed by the D. Aud. 



132 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Daniel Jenifer twenty five Pounds 
°" ^^ four shillings due him p'' Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn Esq*" four hundred 
and thirty Eight Pounds seven shillings and six Pence p acc*^ passed 
by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Middleton two hundred 
and ninty seven Pounds seven shillings and six Pence due him p 
Ace' passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Elie Vallette six hundred and 
twenty five Pounds due him p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Robert Bailey, Andrew 
Hughes, and Edward Edwards of the i Reg'' James Eady, Neil 
Jones, Roger Landers William Newcomb, James Mason, Lambert 
Thompson and Joseph Ray of the 2^ Regiment each one Shirt to be 
charged to the several Regim'^ 

Commission of Letter of Marque & Reprisal issued to Levin 
Trippe Comm'' of the Schooner Isabella 60 Tons burthen, navigated 
by 15 Men, mounting 6 Carriage Guns four Swivels and 8 Musketts, 
belonging to William Neil of Baltimore Town. 

Liber C C [Council to John Needles Esqr. Shff of Talbot County] 

^o. 22 
p. 85 Sir The Enclosure is a Copy of the Law for the Adjournment of 

the General Court for the Eastern shore, which passed the Seals 
Yesterday. You are requested to publish it immediately in Talbot 
County and give the earliest Notice of the Adjournment to the Sher- 
iffs of Queen Ann's, Caroline and Dorchester, who may have Oppor- 
tunities of informing the People from the upper and lower as well 
as those of their respective Counties, by which Inconvenience and 
Expence of Attending will be avoided 



Liber C B Friday 7 April 1780. 

No. 23 
April 7 Present as on Yesterday — 

Ordered That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Ens John Lowe 
of the 2^ Regim' 3^ yds. Cloth, and 3 yds shalloon in part of the 
Articles Allowed by the Gen' Assembly. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to the said John Lowe 3 
yds Linen for Lining in part of the Articles &*^^ 

That the said Commissary deliver to Hampton Coursey, a recruit 
for the 2^ Regim' Samuel Davis, James Currer, John Blair, & Charles 
Cramphin recruits for the 7 Reg' and also to Alexander Austin and 
John Murrens and John Sewell Recruits for the Reg' lately Raw- 
lings's each one Suit of Cloaths, the Bounty allowed by the late Act 
of Assembly. 



p. 134 



of the Council of Maryland. 133 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Joseph Wilson ]"■ one l.ibcr C B 
hundred and thirty Pounds eleven shillings and three Pence rlue him "'• ^^ 
•p ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to L* Samuel Farmer Eight thousand 
Pounds to be delivered over to George Keeports to be applied in the 
Purchase of Cloathing for the Army & also the further sum of 
Twelve thousand, five hundred Pounds to be deliverefl to the said 
Geo. Keeports to be expended in the Purchase of Blanketts on 
Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens John Lowe of the 2'^ Regim' 
four hundred and fifty Dollars the Bounty paid Hampton Coursey 
enlisted by him and one hundred Dollars the allowance for enlisting 
the said Coursey. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Joshua Frazier, nine hundred & 
ninty seven Pounds six shillings & eight Pence "p Ace' passed by the 
D. Aud. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Mrs. R. May- P- '35 
bury 9 yds Dowlas for 6 yds of sheeting delivered by her to Docf 
Johnson for the Hospital in June last. 

That Samuel Nicholls Collector of the Tax for Montgomery [Dowlas, 

County pay to Lieut. Samuel Farmer of the 3'' Regim' Eight D^,^as in°"^ 

thousand Dollars to be expended in the recruit^ Service and Ac- Brittany, 

, 1 r was a coarse 

counted for. linen] 

That the said Collector pay to Capt. Lloyd Beall Eight thousand 
Dollars to be expended in the recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Aquila Paca Esq*" five 
thousand Pounds for the use of Richard Dallam, Ignatius Wheeler 
jun"" and Edmund Talbot Comm'"'* for Harford County to enable them 
to carry into Execution the Act for the immediate Supply of Flour 
and other Provisions for the Army and to be accounted for. 

Commissions issued to Charles Jones, Edward Burgess, Oneas 
Campbell, Joseph Wilson Samuel W. Magruder, James Offutt, 
Richard Thompson, Walter Beall, Henry Gaither, Rich'^ Wootton, 
Richard Smith, Charles Hungerford, Geo. Beall j"" Thomas Beall, 
Rich<^ Orme, John Holmes and William Smith appointed Justices of 
the Peace for Montgomery County and also to Charles Jones, Edward 
Burgess, vEneas Campbell, Joseph Wilson and Richard Wootton 
appointed Judges of the Orphans Court for the County aforesaid. 

[Council to Capt. Geo. P. Keeports] Liber C C 

Sir By M'" Farmer we have sent you £8000. with a Part of which ^3^ ^^ 
we wish you to continue the Purchase of Shoes, as it is not improb- 
able but that there may be pressing Demands from the Army for 
them, in a little Time : and we have sent you the further Sum of 
£12,500 to purchase 100 of M'' Hudson's Blankets; though anxious 



134 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C to procure a Number of Blankets, we cannot think of taking the 
°' ^^ whole on M'' Hudson's Terms, you will therefore communicate this 
to him. 

[Council to Richd Dallam Esqr] 

Sir We have received yours of the 2^ Ins^ your other Letters to 
us being before a Committee of the House of Delegates, we cannot, 
at present enter fully into the Subject of your last and we think it 
would be proper for you to send us a general State of your Account, 
that we may have some Rule to judge by, in complying with your 
Request for a further Sum. As only a small Part of the Order we 
p. 86 drew on the Collector the 2y^^ Dec*" last for £30,000 is complied with 
and we presume no further Sum will be received on that Order, and 
by Information just received from the Board of War, the Army still 
remains in an alarming Situation for the Want of Provisions, we 
have enclosed an Order on the present Collector for five thousand 
Pounds and have delivered to M"" Paca five thousand Pounds more, 
to be forwarded to you ; both these Orders are in Favor of the Com- 
missioners of Harford and to be expended in carrying the Act for 
the immediate Supply &.'^^ into Execution. 

[Council to Mr. Edmund Talbot, Harford County] 

Sir We have received yours of the 30* Ult° and have this Day 
sent M*" Dallam an Order on the present Collector for five thousand 
Pounds, and a Sum of Money to the same Amount, to be expended 
by the Commissioners in carrying into Execution the Act for the 
immediate Supply &*^^ The Army continues to be in an alarming 
Situation for the Want of Provisions and requires the utmost Exer- 
tions to relieve them 



Liber C B Saturday 8 April 1780 

April *^8 Present as on Yesterday, 
p- 135 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Mid- 
dleton five hundred Pounds on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Berryman one hundred and 
Fifty nine Pounds due him per Account passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to L' James Skinner one hundred and 
Fifty four Pounds, three shillings and nine Pence due him -p ace' 
passed by the D. Aud. 

That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to, John Page, Isaac Perkins 
and Josiah Johnson Comm" for Kent County six thousand Pounds 
to enable them to carry into Execution the Act for the immediate 
Supply of Flour and other Provisions for the Army to be ac- 
counted for. 



of the Council of Maryland. 135 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to William Mirldleton LiUr C B 

10 hanks of Marline for the use of the Dolphin. ^'i- ^^ . 

' [Marline is 

That the said Commissary deliver to Barrack Butt of the 2'' Kegi- a small line 
ment one Shirt and i p"" stockings to be charged to the said Regim' stranTsj 

That Capt. Geo. Keeports deliver to Capt. David Lynn of the 7*'' 
Regim' one p'' Brittanies of the 2'' Quality to Capt. William Dent 
Beall of the 6 Reg' i piece of Brittanies of the 2"^ Quality anrl also 
to Col° Kath' Ramsey one p^ of Brittanies of the first Quality in part 
of the Articles allowed to the Officers of the MaryH Line by the 
G. Assembly. 

[Council to Colo. Isaac Perkins] Liber C C 

Sir, We have received yours of the 2^ Instant with its Several pg^^ 
Enclosures. The sending to Camp a Part of the French Purchases, 
may be productive of Inconveniencies, however the Motives you 
assign for the Measure, will justify it, if any Thing can ; you will 
take Care to retain as much in your Hands, in or near the same 
Neighbourhood, from which you sent the French Flour, as will be 
sufficient to replace the full Quantity. You have enclosed, the Cer- 
tificates, and an Order on the Treasurer of the Eastern Shore for 
£6000 to enable the Commissioners of Kent County to carry the Law 
for the Supply %i^^ into Execution 

[Council to Mr. Josiah Johnson, Kent County] Liber C C 

Sir We this Day received yours of the 8"" ult° and have laid it ^35^^ 
before the General Assembly. It will not be proper to remove the 
Flour said to be French Property; if it turns out such, it is to be 
returned and we request you to inform us immediately in whose 
Hands the Flour was seized, and we shall give our Orders accord- 
ingly. The Army continues in an alarming Situation for Want of 
Provisions and your utmost Exertions are necessary 

[Council to the Naval Officer at Baltimore] p. 87 

Sir M"" Stephen Steward who has the Conduct of the Ship Chase, 
the Property of the Continent destined for Europe, is under some 
Apprehensions that he may meet with Difficulties in sending the 
Necessary Quantities of Provisions from Baltimore to Patuxent 
where the Ship now lies, for the Use of her Crew. We think under 
the 8'^ Section of the Act to prohibit for a limited Time &'^^ you may 
with Propriety give the desired Indulgence, what Quantity may be 
sufficient for her Passengers and Mariners to her Port of Deliverv^ 
and Return, you are more competent to judge of then we are. 

[Council to Capt Geo P. Keeports] 
Sir Col. Ramsay being on his Return to New York, we request 
you to procure him Cloth &'^^ sufficient for a suit of Regimental Uni- 
form, suitable to his Station, and the Amount shall be transmitted 
to you, on your sending the Account. 



136 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to the Board of War] 

No. 22 

Gentlemen We have been informed there have been frequent In- 
stances of States exchanging Officers taken by the Militia for those 
of their respective States, in the Hands of the Enemy even without 
an Application to your Honorable Board or His Excellency. If we 
are rightly informed, and such Practice has generally prevailed and 
been acquiesced in, it is our earnest Desire that Lieu* Colonel Con- 
nelly who was captivated in this State and is now in your Custody, 
being deemed and adjudged by Congress a Prisoner of War and 
redeemable, should be exchanged for Lieu' Col° Ramsay, an Officer 
of extraordinary and distinguished Merit in the Maryland Line. 
As those Gentlemen are equal in Rank, we flatter ourselves no Objec- 
tion can be made to such Exchange. This Application would not 
have been so long neglected, if we had not expected that a general 
Cartel would have been established and rendered it unnecessary. 

[Council to His Ex'y Gen'l Washington] 

Sir We have wrote to the Board of War, requesting that Lieu* 
Col" Connelly, who was captivated in this State, and is adjudged 
by Congress, a Prisoner of War and redeemable, may be exchanged 
for Lieu* Col° Ramsay, an Officer in the Maryland Line. The extra- 
ordinary Merit of this Gentleman makes us very solicitous, that this 
Exchange should take Place and has induced us to desire your Ex- 
cellency's Interposition in his Favor, if it should be approved by you. 
We are informed that there have been several Instances of such 
Exchanges having been made to the Advantage of other States, and 
from thence are led to hope there will be no Difficulty in complying 
with our Request in the first Instance 



Liber C B Monday 10*^ April 1780. 

No. 23 
April ID Present as on Saturday — 

^' ^^^ Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Thomas Wind- 
ham a recruit for the i^* Regim* a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty all*^ 
by the Act of Assembly. 

p. 136 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Henry 
Gaither of the i^' Regim* five thousand Dollars to be expended in 
the recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Lowe one hundred and thirty 
five Pounds, ten shillings due him per Account passed by the Aud. 
Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Forbes Exf of James Forbes 
deceased three thousand one hundred and seventy Pounds p Ace* 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 



of the Council of Maryland. l^y 

[Council to Mr David Poe Q. M.] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir This has been for some Time and at present is a Place of Ren- p. 88 
dezvous for a Number of Soldiers and Recruits belonginf^ to the 
Continental Army and how lone;- Circumstances may require the 
Detention of them, we know not but must request you to send us an 
immediate supply of Pork, we think two Waj^gon Loads would 
suffice hitherto they have subsisted upon the State Provisions which 
are now nearly exhausted. 

Tuesday ii April 1780. April n 

Present as on Yesterday. No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Wilmot 
jun*" Two hundred and Eighty Eight Pounds due him -p Ace' passed 
by the Dep>' Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Francis Dallam, Fifteen thousand 
Pounds to be delivered over to Col° Richard Dallam on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said Francis Dallam Twenty 
nine Pounds six shillings and Eight pence for the use of Capt. W" 
Bradford & his Comp^ p Ace* pass'^ by A. G' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Richard Sprigg Esq"" nine hundred 
and thirty eight Pounds due him -p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Yieldhall four hundred 
Pounds due him p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Dennis Kelly & Nicholas 
Nicholson recruits for the i^' Regim' each one Suit of Cloaths the 
Bounty all'' by the Gen' Assembly. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Col° Uriah Forrest 14 
Blanketts. 

Lieut. Adam Hoops of the 4"^ Maryland Regim' recommended 
to the Board of War as Capt Lieut in the room of Capt. Lieut. Crom- 
well who resigned 15 Dec. 1779. 

Commission of Letter of Marque & Reprisal issued to Joseph 
Greenway Comm*" of the Brigantine Virginia burthen 100 Tons, 
navigated by 24 Men, mounting 8 Carriage Guns 4 Swivels and 8 
Musketts, belonging to Hooe & Harrisons of Alexandria Virginia. 

Miss Elizabeth Allen of Frederick County is recommended by this 
Board to His Excellency Gen' Washington or the Commanding 
Officer at Elizabeth Town for his Licence to go into the City of 
New York for the Purpose of obtaining a Passage to Great Britain 
agreeably to a Resolve of the House of Delegates of the 1 1 April & 
the Like Permission & Recommendation granted to INIajor Sweeney 
to go into the City of New York for the Purpose of obtaining a 
Passage to Ireland agreeably to a Resolve of the House of Delegates 
of 4"^ of April. 



138 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Richard Dallam Esqr] 

No. 22 
p. 88 Sir We send you by your Brother fifteen thousand Pounds, which 

is as much as the State of the Treasury and other pressing Calls will 

at present admit. We shall, in a short Time have it more in our 

Power to determine on what is to be done about the Bran, Shorts 

and Ship Stufif. If the Maryland Troops move to the Southward, of 

which we have received some, tho' not official, Information, there 

will, probably be a sufiicient Demand for it 

[Council to Colo. Edward Gaither] 

Sir The Difficulty you are under, in Consequence of your Con- 
tract with Tho^ Maccaulley appears to us to have arose from your 
purchasing instead of seizing the Corn in his Possession. You have 
still a Power of seizing it, which you ought to do and pursue the 
Directions of the Law. Some Certificates are sent by the Bearer. 

[Council to Colo. Josias Carvil Hall.] 

Sir — We received your Favor of the 6*'' Ins* and have agreeable 
to your Request, appointed Adam Hoops Cap* Lieu* to fill the 
Vacancy occasioned by the Resignation of M'' Cromwell. M'' John 
Randall was appointed an Ensign, but the Board of War refused to 
commission him, his being State Agent at the Time, we conjecture 
to be the Reason, and therefore conclude a Reappointment previous 
to his Resignation, would be unnecessary. We cannot appoint 
M*" James Clark, consistent with the Recommendation of Congress, 
by which we are desired to forbear any further Appointments. We 
shall transmit a Certificate of the Appointment of Cap* Hoops, to the 
Board of War. By an Act passed in October 1777, the County 
Courts are empowered to afford Assistance to the Families of Re- 
cruits raised in Virtue of it, during the Absence of such Recruits, 
if they stand in Need, and we observe similar Clauses are inserted in 
the subsequent recruiting Acts. The Soldiers that enlisted prior to 
October 1777, under former Laws, are not comprehended within the 
Letter of either of those Clauses, but we have no Doubt of their being 
within the Spirit, and think their Families equally entitled to the 
Assistance of the Public 



April 12 Wednesday 12*'' April 1780 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday, 
p. 136 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Thomas Mor- 
man a Recruit for the 6 Reg* one Suit of Cloaths the Bounty all*^ by 
the Gen' Ass^ 

That the said Commissary deliver to Ens Henry Clements 3 yds 
Linen for Lining 2 p*" Stockings in part of the Articles allowed by 
the Gen' Assembly. 



of the Council of Maryland. 139 

That the said Corny Deliver to Capt. Jos. Smith of Nath' Gists Reg. Lil^tr C B 
3 yds Linen for Lining & 2 j/ Stockings in part of the Articles &c* °' ^^ 

Ordered That Capt. Geo. Kceports deliver to Ens. Henry Clements p. 137 
Cloth sufif' for a Suit of Cloaths, 3 yds shalloon and i p" Brittanies 
of the 3'' Quality in part of the Articles all'^ Sjc" 

That the said Capt. Geo. Keeports deliver to Capt. Joseph Smith 
of the Maryland part of Col° Nath' Gists Regim' Cloth suff for a 
Suit of Cloaths & 2 p' Brittanies of the second Quality in part of the 
Articles allowed by the General Assembly. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to his Excellency 
Thomas Sim Lee Esq"" Two thousand and Eighty three Pounds, six 
shillings and Eight Pence for i m° Salary to this Instant 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Burgess Esq' three Pounds 
for the use of Henry Owings due him p Account passed by the 
D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ann Williams one hundred and 
thirty five Pounds due her p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Bullen Ass* Dep^ Q*" Masf 
Gen' at the Post of Annapolis five thousand Pounds for the use of 
his Department to be charged to the United States agreeably to a 
Resolve of the General Assembly of the 10 Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said John Bullen five hundred 
and sixty two Pounds, ninteen shillings due him p Ace* passed by 
the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker five hundred and 
forty Pounds due him p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Samuel Sadler one hundred 
and ninteen Pounds, fifteen shillings due him p Account passed bv 
the Aud. Gen' 

That Thomas Johnson j"" receive out of the State Shop i P of 
Cream of Tarter to be returned or paid for. 

John Heugh and Archibald Hadow are recommended by this 
Board to His Excellency General Washington or the Commanding 
Officer at Elizabeth Town for his Licence to go into the City of New 
York, for the Purpose of obtaining a Passage to Great Britain agree- 
ably to a Resolve of the Ho. of Delegates of the 12*'' Inst. 

Licence granted to John Bullen to Purchase Provisions in the 4*'' 
District according to the late Act of Assembly in such Case made and 
Provided, he having produced his Commission under James Calhoun 
Depy Quarter M-- Gen' of the 18"^ of June 1778 and a Certificate of 
his having taken the Oath required by Law. 

Commissions issued to Thomas Tibbels appointed 2^ Lieut. Samuel 
Barrow Ens of Capt. Richard Bruff's Comp>- in the 4*^ Battalion of 
Militia in Talbot County and also to Charles Gardiner Capt. in the 



I40 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B room of Jon^ Abell, William Start i^' L* Charles Sherwood 2 L' 
^°- ^^ and Richard Harrington Ens. belonging to the 38* Batt. of Mil' in 
the County aforesaid. 

Liber C C [Council to Mr. Abraham Faw] 

No 22 
p. 89 Sir. The above is a Copy of our Answer to your former Letter. 

vide Lre of A Pair of Cloth Breeches and Overalls should be issued to each 

Recruit, if you have them, they being Part of the State Bounty and 

it will be proper to have the Cloathing made up, at the Price you 

mention 

April 13 Thursday 13* April 1780 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on Yesterday except Tames Brice Esq'' 
p. 137 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to James Ringgold 

nine hundred and fifty seven Pounds fifteen shillings due him p 

Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Gaither 6 
Matrosses, 6 p' Sheets, 6 Blankets, & i Pot of the Furniture of the 
Hospital, for the use of the sick soldiers now in this City and to be 
returned into the Store, 
p. 138 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Nathan Peak 
of the I** Reg* i shirt to Robert Baily of the same Reg* and William 
Newton of the 2^ Regim* i p"" Overalls each to be charged to the 
Continent. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Joseph Smith of 
Col° Nath' Gists Regim* four hundred Dollars the Gratuity allowed 
by a Resolution of the Gen' Assembly of the 4*'' of Dec"" 1778 and the 
further sum of Two thousand Dollars by the Act relating to the Offi- 
cers and Soldiers &c^ passed July 1779 agreeably to a Resolve of the 
General Assembly passed 11 April 1780. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Geo. Ranken one hundred and 
Fifty Pounds due him for acting as Cfk to the State's Sale of Public 
Property. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William M*^Bryde seven hundred 
and sixty one Pounds, seventeen shillings and six Pence for the use 
of Henry Dickinson p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jeremiah T. Chase Esq*" Eight 
hundred and Eighty Pounds for his Attend^ in Council to this Inst, 
inclusive. 

By his Excellency Thomas Sim Lee Esquire Governor of Mary- 
land. A Proclamation 

I hereby appoint Wednesday the 26 Day of April next to be ob- 
served throughout this State as a Day of Fasting, Humiliation & 
Prayer agreeably to the Recommendation of Congress. Given at 



of the Council of Maryland. 141 

Annapolis this 13"' day of April in the year of our Lord one thou- Liber C B 
sand seven hundred and Eighty. Tho Sim Lee ^^ 

By his Ex''^ Command. T. Johnson Jun"" Sec'' 

Pardon granted to John Rodgers of Frederick County convicted 
at the last March Court for said County on Condition that he forth- 
vi'ith enlist himself into one of the Regiments of the Quota of this 
State in the Continental Army and do not desert therefrom, that he 
pay all Charges incurred in carrying on the Prosecution, pay four 
fold to the Person injured, and that he do not in future reside in the 
Neighbourhood where the Offence was Committed. 

[Council to Benj'n Nicholson Esqr, Judge of the Admiralty Court] Liber C C 

No. 23 

Sir We observe that a Libel has been exhibited in the Court of p. 89 
Admiralty on Behalf of the State against the Sloop Polly, her Ap- 
parel &'^^ and Cargoe lately commanded by Capt. Peregrine Dunk 
and that Notice is given by William Gibson Register of the said 
Court to the Owners of the said Sloop and all others concerned, that 
a Court of Admiralty for the Trial of the Facts contained in the said 
Libel will be held on the third Day of May next and are informed 
that on the Petition of Samuel Smith one of the Owners of the said 
Vessel, you have appointed the 15'^ of April for the Trial of the 
said Vessel ^'^^ This State is deeply interested, and we cannot con- 
sent that the Trial should be brought on. in the Absence of the Attor- 
ney General, before the Day originally appointed and notified by the 
Register of the Court — 

[Council to Capt. Michael Boyer] 

Sir The General Assembly have passed " A Supplement to the 
Act for recruiting the Quota of Troops of this State in the American 
Army," in Virtue of which the Bounty and other Priveleges allowed 
to those who enlisted before the first Instant are extended and given 
to such as may enlist after that Period & before the first Day of 
August. We rejoice at your Prospect of Success 

Friday 14**" April 1780. April 14 

Present as on yesterday. No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Frank Leeke P' ^^^ 
Esq"" nine thousand three hundred and thirty seven Pounds, nine 
shillings and two pence to be delivered over to Jonathan Hudson 
Esq"" in part of the sum of 30.24if due him for Linens purchased of 
him by the Governor &C° for the Officers of the Maryland Line. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn Esq"" three hundred 
and seventy four Pounds due him per Ace' passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Peregrine Lethrbun,- Esq"" one 
hundred and forty five Pounds, two shillings and six Pence for the 



142 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B use of Col" W™ Bordley and one hundred and Eighty six Pounds, 
^o- 23 five shillings for the use of Daniel Fisher as p Accounts passed by 
the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Serj' John Lindiff, three hundred 
& four Pounds seventeen shillings & six Pence "p Ace* passed by the 
D. Aud. 
p. 139 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Ens Caleb 
Mason of the 2'^ Regiment 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 p"" Stockings 
in part of the Articles allowed by the Gen' Assembly. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Benjamin Fitzgerrald a Re- 
cruit for the 7"" Reg* one Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the 
late Act of Assembly. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Ens. Caleb Mason of the 
2*^ Reg* Cloth suff* for a Suit of Cloaths, 3 yds shalloon and i p^ 
Brittanies of the 3'^ Quality in part of the Articles &c^ 

That the said Geo. Keeports deliver to Lieut. James John Skinner 
of the 7**" Regim* i p^ of Brittanies of the 2^ Quality in part of the 
Articles &c^ 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Chrisf Birkhead Two 
hundred and Eighteen Pounds, fifteen shillings for the use of Thomas 
Martin, three hundred and twenty two Pounds for the use of Edward 
Trippe and one hundred and ninty Pounds for the use of James 
Smith p Acc*^ passed by the Dep'' Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Stephen West three thousand, two 
hundred and forty three Pounds, fifteen shillings for 170 p*' of 
Stockings purchased of him by the Governor and Council for the 
use of the Army. 

April 15 Saturday 15 April 1780. 

Present as on yesterday. 

Benjamin Bunbury is recommended by this Board to his Excel- 
lency General Washington or the Commanding Officer at Elizabeth 
Town for his Licence to go into the City of New York for the Pur- 
pose of obtaining a Passage to Ireland agreeably to a Resolve of the 
House of Del, this Ins* 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Weltha Flem- 
ming Thirty three Pounds p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Collector of the Tax for Baltimore County pay to Capt. 
John Smith of the 3'' Regim* six thousand Dollars to be expended in 
the recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

That Capt. Geo. Keeports deliver to Richard Sappington Surgeon 
to the i^* Regim* Cloth suff* for a Suit of Cloaths, 3 yds shalloon, 
& I p^ Brittanies of the second Quality in part of the Articles allowed 
by the Gen' Assembly. 



of the Council of Maryland. 143 

[Council to Commrs for Baltimore 'iown] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Gent. M"" Poc, wlio acts in the Quartermasters Department at p. 8fj 

Baltimore Town represents to us that he is in g-reat Want of Foraj^e, 

you will therefore deliver him 300 Bushels of Indian Corn and tiie 

Bran and Shorts produced from all the Wheat you have collected 

except that which was purchased by the French Agents. 

[Council to Mr. David Poe Q. M.] 
Sir We have wrote to the Commissioners of Baltimore Town to 
supply you with some Bran and Shorts and 300 Bushels of Corn, 
which you will take an Account of and return the same to this Board. 
Your Requisition of Money cannot be complied with, by us, you must 
apply to the General Assembly 

[Council to Colo Elijah Robosson] 

Sir M"" John Bullen who acts in the Quartermaster's Department, 
is in great Want of Forage, you will therefore supply him with all 
the Bran and Shorts produced from the Wheat you have collected. 



Monday 17 Apnl 1780. April 17 

Liber C B 
Present as on Saturday. James Brice Esq' Attended. Xo. 23 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Westby, 
Henry Hill, James Ausley and Charles Brooks recruits for the 7"^ 
Regim' each a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty all^ by the late Act of 
Assembly. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Richard Bryan, three 
thousand six hundred Dollars to be delivered over to William Wool- 
ford recruiting Officer for Dorchester County to be by him expended 
in the recruiting Service and Accounted for. 



p- 139 



[Council to Capt William Woolford] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We have drawn an Order on the Treasurer to M*" Bryan for p. 90 

3600 Dollars to be delivered to you, to be expended in the recruiting 

Service. The Bounties Privileges and Cloathing allowed to Recruits 

by the Act of the last Assembly are by this continued until the first 

Day of August next. 



Tuesday 18 April 1780. April 18 

_, , Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. No. 2z 

Ordered that Pat. Hamilton Esq*" ColK of the Tax for Cecil County 

pay to Elijah Cole Two thousand five hundred pounds to enable him 

to carry into Execution the Act for the immediate Supply of Flour 

& other Provisions for the Army. 



144 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Ordered That Com° Grason deliver to William Hemsley Esq'' 
^n 140 ^bout 26 fathom of 3 In rope. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Col° George Strieker two 
hundred and Eighty seven Pounds, seven shillings and six Pence for 
the use of Capt. Mich' Boyer p Ace* passed by the Aud. G' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Shaw one thousand Pounds 
on Account 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Cuthbert Abell, Gabriel 
Williams, Cuthbert Stone and Arthur M'^Lane Recruits for the 7 
Regim* each a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the late Act of 
Assembly. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Col° Mathew Driver Twenty 
eight Pounds, ten shillings in Cloathing for the use of Mich' Merian 
a 9 Months Soldier in the 5 Regim' Disch*^ due him by the Act to 
procure Troops for the American Army. 

That the said Commissary deliver to M''^ M'^Hard 3 yds flannel 
to be ret** or paid for. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Serj* Enoch M'^Lane of the 
y^^ Regim* & Aaron Spalding of the 2'' Reg' one shirt each. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Saint Mary's County pay to 
Serj* Enoch M*^Lane of the y^^ Reg* three thousand Dollars to be 
expended in the recruit^ Service & Acc*^ for. 

Commissions issued to Joshua Chippy app*^ 2^ Lieut. John Tolson 
Ens. of Capt. Hughletts Com^. Edgar Rumney i^* Lieut, Charles 
Lecompt 2'' Lieut. & Joseph Dixon Ens. of Capt. Robert Postle- 
wait's Compy belonging to the 8* Batt, of Mil^ Carol County. 

Liber C C [Council to Mr. Elijah Cole] 

^°- ^^ Sir We received your Letter of the 27*'' March and have sent you 
an Order on the Collector of Cecil for two thousand five hundred 
Pounds current Money for the Purpose of purchasing Flour Barrels, 
which we imagine will be fully sufficient, if not, inform us. 

[Council to Mr. William McBryde] 
Sir Your Letter of the 19*'' Jan''^ we lately received. You must 
send forward the 152 Barrels of Flour purchased by Order of the 
Governor and Council and deliver it to M"" Henry Hollingsworth at 
the Head of Elk and take his Receipt ; you must also deliver the Corn 
to M"" Hollingsworth and send us an Account of the Quantity. 

[Council to Gen'l Smallwood] 
Sir We had the Pleasure of receiving your Favor of the 15'^ Ins' 
by M"" M'^Clain and have given him an Order for Cloathing for the 
Recruits and an Order on the Collector of Charles County for 3000 



of the Council of Maryland. 145 

Dollars. It is not in our Power to furnish them with Blankets at Liber C C 
this Place. We are much concerned that M' Ranrlall, by his Manner ^"- ^^ 
of distributing the Cloth purchased for the Officers has given Cause 
for the Complaint of Partiality, mentioned in Col'^ Gunby's letter 
to you and can assure you that it is our Inclination to remove that 
and every other Ground of Disgust and Uneasiness among the Offi- 
cers and we shall take such Measures as will effectually prevent the 
like Complaint 

Wednesday 19 April 1780. April 19 

Present as on yesterday. ^°- ^3 

Commissions of Letter of Marque and Reprisal issued to Charles 
Harrison Comm'' of the Schooner Morrice 35 Tons burthen, navi- 
gated by 14 Men, mounting 4 Carriage Guns, 4 Swivels and 6 
Musketts also to William Coward Commander of the Schooner 
Holker, 50 Tons burthen navigated by 17 Men mounting 6 Howitz 
and 4 Swivels and belonging to Mathew Ridley and Comp^ of 
Baltimore. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah 
Forrest ninety one Pounds, two shillings and six pence and Seventy 
three Pounds, Eleven Shillings and three Pence for the Use of Col° 
Francis Ware, One hundred and two Pounds ten Shillings for the 
use of Thos. Crackalls and Twenty nine Pounds five shillings for 
the use of Francis Dickson per Accounts passed by the Aud. General. 
That the said Treasurer pay to John Callahan one hundred and 
Eighty Pounds Eight shillings for the use of Capt. James Wiley and 
Comp^ p pay roll exam'^ & passed by D. Aud. 

[Council to Capt. Geo. P. Keeports] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir Upon a Consideration of all Circumstances, we prefer the p. 90 

Purchase of M"" Hudson's Blankets to Col° Dorsey's Baize and there- 
fore desire you to engage all he has at £125 to be paid for in a rea- 
sonable Time, that is to say, when the State of our Treasury will 
admit of it. You are to secure the 500 y"^^ of Oznabrigs immediately 
and we wish you to make a considerable Addition thereto, especially 
if to be had for 17 DolP the whole to be made into Overalls. If the 
Maryland Troops should march to the Southward, Linen Overalls 
will be indispensably necessary, as well as a large Supply of Shoes. 
To call your Attention to the Purchase of those important Articles 
of Cloathing, we trust is needless, shall therefore only recommend 
Expedition. You will not deliver the shoes without further Orders, 
as we apprehend the Officers have no Claim upon the State for them. 
Send us a particular Account of all the Cloathing you have on Hand 
with a Description of the Qualities as near as can be. We are sur- 



146 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C prized to hear the Contract was not made with Evans for the whole 
^0 gi ^■^ ^^^ Buttons which should be done without Delay on the best 
Terms you can. 

[Council to Colo Ephraim Blaine] 
Sir — The Rum which was in this City belonging to the Continent, 
M"" Ashmead informs us, was, some Time Since forwarded to Col° 
Hollingsworth at the Head of the Bay and, as he believes, is in Phila- 
delphia before this. The Charge for Storage, we have heard is ex- 
travagant but as the Rum is delivered, we have no Doubt you may 
reduce it to the Bounds of Moderation. We flatter ourselves with 
the Pleasure of seeing you here in a short Time and are in the Mean 
Time with great Respect 



Liber C B Thursday 20 April 1780. 

p. 140 PresL as on yesterday. 
April 20 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Samuel Hep- 
burn two thousand nine hundred and three Pounds, ten shillings and 
ten pence to be delivered over to Jonathan Hudson in full of the 
Sum of £30,241 due him for Linens purch*^ of him by the Gov*" & 
Council for the Officers of the Maryland Line. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Crisall three thousand 
Pounds on Account. 

p. 141 That the said Treasurer pay to John Lam' Wilmer Esq*" three hun- 
dred and thirty six pounds ten shillings for the use of Thomas Ellis 
due him p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

On the representation of the Magistrates and Sundry respectable 
Inhabitants of Montgomery County Pardon granted to Negroe 
Marlow Slave of Samuel Biggs of the said County condemned at 
the County Court for House breaking and stealing sundries thereout. 
Commissions issued to John Thompson appointed Col° George 
Bayard L' CoI° James Hackett Capt in the room of Simon Wicks, 
John Hackett i^' Lieut. John Whittingham 2 L' David Lindsey Ens. 
Jacob Walters Capt in the room of John Sudler, Philip Coppage i 
L' Corn^ Commegys 2 L' Thomas Mead Ens. Richard Holding Capt. 
in the room of William Brown, Thomas Roberts i Lieut. John 
Duncan 2^ Lieut. Thomas Wiggans Ens — Thomas Seager Capt. 
James Thompson i L' James Holding 2'^ U William Thompson 
Ens. Thomas Price Capt in the room of Vachel Downes Bixby 
Newman i^' L' Samuel Walls 2^ U Samuel Thomas Ens. William 
Falconer Capt. in the room of W" Clarkeson W" i^' Lieut. Henry 
Covington 2 Lieut. James Massey Ens. Sam' Ridgeway Capt in the 
room of Isaac Scriviner, John Y. Keene 1=' Lieut, Hugh Henry 
2^ Lieut, Edward Covington Ens. of the 5"" Batt. of Militia in Queen 
Anns County. 



of the Council of Maryland. 147 

Friday 21 April 1780 LiU-r C B 

Present as on Yesterday. April 21 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer i)ay to Col" Uriah 
Forrest one thousand one hundred Dollars to be expended in the 
recruiting- Service and Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Stephen West Esq'' five hundred 
and Sixty two Pounds ten shillings for 30 pair of Stockings pur- 
chased of him by the Governor for the use of the Army. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Ens Samuel Hamilton 
of the 6*'' Reg' 4 Suits of Cloaths except 2 Coats for four Recruits 
enlisted by him 

That the said Commissary deliver to the said Ens. Samuel Hamil- 
ton 3 yds. Linen for Lining in part of the Articles allowed by the 
late Act of Assembly. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Ens. Richard Chew of the 
2^ Brigade 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 p'' Stockings in part of the 
Articles &c^ 

That the said Commissary deliver to Lieut. Charles Bevan of the 
6* Regim' 3 yds Linen for Lining in part of the Articles &c^ 

That the said Commissary deliver to Ens. John Boone of the i^* 
Reg' 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 p*" Stockings in part of the Arti- 
cles &c^ 

That the said Commissary deliver to Lieut Nich® Manger of the 
3"^ Reg' 3 yds. Linen for Lining in part of the Articles &c* 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Ens. Samuel Hamilton of 
the 6 Reg' 3^ yds. Cloth, 3 yds shalloon and one p^ Brittanies of the 
3*^ Quality — to Lieut. Charles Bevan of the said Reg' 3^ yds. Cloth, 
3 yds. Shalloon & i p^ Brittanies of the 3'' Quality — to Ens. Richard 
Chew of the 2^ Brigade Cloth sufif' for a Suit of Cloaths, 3 yds 
Shalloon, and one p^ Brittanies of the 3'' Quality to Ens John Boone 
of the i^' Regim' Cloth suff' for a Suit of Cloaths, 3 yds. Shalloon 
and I p^ of Brittanies of the 3*^ Quality and also to Lieut Nicholas 
Manger of the third Regim' 3I yds Cloth and 3 yds. Shalloon in part 
of the Articles allowed them by the Act of the Gen' x\ssembly relat- 
ing to the Officers and Soldiers &c^ 

[Council to Colo. Nathaniel Ramsay] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir — It is with great Pleasure we inform you that the General p. 91 

Assembly have passed an Act, enabling us to afiford Assistance to 
the Captive Officers of this State in New York. If a Flag and Pass- 
port can be obtained, we have a Power to send into New York or 
such Place as the Enemy will permit, such a Quantity of Flour, Corn, 
Beans, Peas, Bacon and Pork, in Barrels, as may be deemed suffi- 
cient by this Board, for the Support of the Officers of this State now 



148 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C with the Enemy, and as much Bar Iron and Pine Plank, not exceed- 
^°" ^^ ing one Inch in Thickness as will furnish each Officer with Specie 
to purchase Cloaths, Linen and other necessary Apparel and to de- 
fray contingent Expences. Our Wish that this Business should be 
conducted in such a Manner as will most speedily relieve the Wants 
of the Officers and give them Satisfaction, induces us to hope a Flag 
and Passport may be procured from the Enemy to send into New 
York for the Captive Officers of this State not more than 125 Bar- 
rels of Flour, 50 Bushels of Peas 6000" of Bacon and 10 Barrels of 
Pork thirty Tons of Bar Iron and 40,000 Feet of Pine Plank; a 
Blank to be left for the Name of the Vessel and the Names of the 
Captain and Hands to navigate her. We do not think the above mode 
liable to any Objection, because the Extent and Kind of Supplies to 
be sent will be known and if they do not exceed what will be suffi- 
cient to answer the Purposes of relieving the Wants of the Officers 
and supplying them with Specie to purchase Cloathing no Inconveni- 
ence can possibly result to the Enemy from their Indulgence. If the 
Enemy will not grant a Flag and Passport in a Way so general, be 
pleased to let us know by the earliest Opportunity, in what Manner 
they may be obtained, that the most effectual Measures may be fallen 
on to expedite the necessary Supplies. 



Liber C B Saturday 22*^ April 1780, 

23 

42 
April 22 



p. 142 Present as on yesterday. 



Commissions of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to Thomas 
Johnson Commander of the Brig Ranger 150 Tons burthen navi- 
gated by 50 Men, mounting 14 Carriage Guns, belonging to Daniel 
Bowley and John M'^Lure of Baltimore and also to Thomas Gibbons 
Commander of the Schooner Jeune Fendant 40 Tons burthen navi- 
gated by 12 Men mounting 4 Carriage Guns, 4 Swivels and 10 small 
Arms belonging to Smith and Mathews & Comp^. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Boone 
app*^ an Ens. in the i^' Maryl'^ Regim* Two thousand Dollars to be 
expended in the Recruit^ Service & Ace** for 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Nich^ Manger of the 3'* 
Regim' one thousand five hundred Dollars to be expended in the 
Recruiting Service & Accounted for 

That the said Treasurer pay to Francis Dallam one thousand 
Dollars to be delivered over to Richard Dallam Esq*" on Account. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Washington County pay to 
Capt John Read of the Comp^ of Infantry to be raised in Virtue of 
the late Act of Assembly, seven thousand five hundred Dollars to be 
expended in the Recruiting Service and Acc"^ for 



of the Council of Maryland. 149 

Commission issued to John Read app'' Capt. William Piles Lieut, Liber C B 
and Nath' Beall Magruder Ens. of a Comp^ of Infantry to be raised ^^- ^^ 
in Virtue of the late Act of Assembly to raise a Comp^ of Infantry 
to serve jvithin the State. 

On the Applicatifjn of William Smith Esq'' of Baltimore Town 
who is to this purpose commissioned and Authorized by M*" Holker 
who is Agent for the Marine of his most Christian Majesty Licence 
is hereby granted to Lade and export in the Schooner's Luzerne and 
Jeune Fendant, now lying in the Port of P.altimore, their Cargoes 
of Flour and other Provision for the use of the Fleet and Army of 
his most Christian Majesty in the West Indies, the said Schooners 
clearing out at the proper Office and the Captains complying with 
the Act of Assembly in such Case made and Provided. 

[Council to Gen'l Smallwood] Liber C C 

BT . . No. 22 

Sir We are sorry it is not in our Power to make the Provision p. 92 
we wish for M'' Hamilton, who is honored with your Recommenda- 
tion. The Congress by a late Resolve, requested that this Board 
would make no further Appointments for the present, and since the 
Receipt of their Requisition, we have not introduced any Person 
into the Maryland Line. On the 26* of lan'^^ last, the Board of 
War were desired to commission the Sergeants you recommended 
last Fall and we have no Doubt but that the Commissions may be 
obtained, upon Application. We shall give Orders to furnish our 
Troops on their March through this State with the whole of the 
Species of Cloathing you mention that are on Hand. 

[Council to Richard Dallam Esqr] 

Sir We have received yours of the 16* and 18* Ins* M"" Wheeler 
is answerable for all the Provision seized by him and must pursue 
the Directions pointed out by the Law, against any Person taking it 
away. We have it not in our Power to send you any Money by your 
Brother, not having above £8000 in the Treasury and we are equally 
uneasy on this Account with yourself. The Discharge of the Cer- 
tificates is entirely with the General Assembly. Please to deliver to 
M*" William Smith or his Order all the French Flour and Wheat you 
have seized and send us an Account of it. 

[Council to William Smith Esqr.] 

Sir We have sent Permissions to load the Vessels mentioned in 
your Letter of the 20"" Ins' with Flour for the Use of the Fleet and 
Army of his most Christian Majesty in the West Indies. It is not 
now in our Power to fix the Time of the Delivery of the Flour al- 
lotted for the French by the State, but shall endeavour to have it 
done as soon as possible. We have wrote to M'' Dallam to deliver to. 



150 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C you and your Order, the French Flour and Wheat seized by him and 

^°- ^^ shall direct the Commissioners of the several Counties that have 

made Seizures of the French Flour, to restore it to you; enclosed 

is an Order for that Purpose, on the Commissioners of Baltimore 

County. 



Liber C B Monday 24 April 1780 

No. 23 
p. 142 Present as on Saturday. 

Commission of a Letter of Marque and Reprisal issued to William 
Weems Commander of the Sloop Porpoise 80 Tons burthen navi- 
gated by 16 Men mounting- six Carriage Guns 4 Howitzs and 6 
small Arms belonging to Robt. Morris of the State of Pennsylvania 
Stephen Steward, Wallace, Davidson and Johnson & John Muir of 
Maryland. 

On the Application of William Smith Esq"" &c. Licence granted 

to Lade and export in the Brig Ranger now lying in the Port of Bal- 

[Scupper timore her Cargoe of Flour and other Provision for the use of his 

nails are most Christian Majesty &c^ as above, 
little short "^ . 

nails with Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt Robert 

'''^"madron ^^''T ^^ the Boat Plater 12 hanks Marline and 150 Scupper Nails. 

purpose to That the said Commissary deliver to Capt Thomas Lansdale of 

scupper the i^' Reg' 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 p*" Stockings in part of the 

leathers] Articles &c^ 

That the said Commissary deliver to Capt. Levin Handy of s''' 
Reg. 3 yds. Linen for Lining in part of the Articles &c* 
p. 143 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to George Hey- 
don, Dennis Conner, Sol° Hudson, Ananias Hudson, Francis Lan- 
tenor, Benjamin Beach & Preston Richards Recruits for 5 Regim* 
John Winn, Jonathan Driskell, John Denston, Solomon Britting- 
ham and Thomas Neighenbough Recruits for the 2^ Reg' each a 
Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the late Act of the General 
Assembly. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Lieut James Ewing of the 
2^ Regim' 3 yds. Linen for Lining in part of the Articles allowed by 
the Gen' Assembly. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Capt. Thomas Lansdale of 
the 4"^ Regim' Cloth sufP for a Suit of Cloaths with Trimmings, 3 
yds shalloon and i p^ of Brittanies — to Capt. Levin Handy of the 
5 Reg' Cloth suff' for a Suit of Cloaths, with Trimmings & 3 yds 
Shalloon and also to Lieut James Ewing of the 2^ Regim' Cloth 
suff' for a Suit of Cloaths w* Trimmings 3 yds Shalloon and i p* 
of Brittanies in part of the Articles allowed them b}'^ the Gen' 
Assembly 



of the Council of Maryland. 151 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Edwarrl Wrij^ht ten iji\,cT C B 
thousand Dollars to be delivered over to Col" Henry Hollinjjsworth No. 23 
on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Docf Adam I-'isher the followinj^ 
Sums for the use of the Persons thereto annexed •]) Accounts passerl 
by the Dep^ Aud. viz. five hundred and seventy two Pounds, ten 
shillings and five hundred and fourteen Pounds ten shillings for 
the use of Richard Hafif one hundred & Sixty two Pounds for 
Thomas Long, four hundred and five Pounds for Davifl Levy. 
Two hundred & two Pounds, ten shillings for Jacob Ilouck one 
hundred & thirty five Pounds for Geo. Bear, one hundred & thirty 
five Pounds for Jacob Cort sixty seven Pounds ten shillings for 
David Wise. Fifty Pounds fifteen shillings for Valentine Sommer 
sixty three Pounds for George Beall, Twenty two Pounds, ten shil- 
lings for John Zimmerman One hundred and fifty Pounds for Timo- 
thy Swain, Thirty nine Pounds, fifteen shillings for Peter Wagoner 
sixty seven Pounds, ten shillings for John Cray & forty five Pounds 
for Henr}^ Clemans 

That the said Treasurer pay to Docf Adam Fisher one thousand 
two hundred and forty Pounds to be delivered over to Capt. Richard 
Hafif for the use of himself and Guard over the Magazine near 
Frederick Town on Account. 

Whereas it is necessary that Vessels should be immediately pro- 
vided to Transport the Troops of the United States from the Head 
of Elk to the Common Wealth of Virginia to reinforce the Southern 
Army and it being impracticable to procure a sufficient Number of 
Vessels on hire you are hereby authorized and impowered to impress 
as many Vessels and Hands as will be necessary for transporting 
the Troops aforesaid with their Bagage from the Head of Elk to 
Virginia. To Col° Henry Hollingsworth. 



[Council to The Commissioners for Worcester County] 



Liber C C 



Gen' We are empowered by the enclosed Resolve, to give you -^ °- ■ 
Instructions respecting the Shipping the Corn seized by you, and do 
direct the same to be Shipped in Sinepuxent Inlet and transported to 
Trenton, as soon as you can. & delivered to the Continental Commis- 
sary or Quartermaster at that Place, for which you are to take his 
Receipt, as Part of the Supph^ to be furnished by us 



[Council to Mr. Richard Harrison] 

Sir The Plank you engaged to furnish the State, on Demand, 
you are hereby requested to deliver to Samuel Chase Esq"" or his 
Order, agreeably to your Contract a Copy of which you have 
enclosed 



P-93 



152 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Colo Henry HoUingsworth] 

No. 22 _ 

Sir The enclosed will give you a Power to impress Vessels to 

transport the Troops destined for reinforcing the Southern Army, 
to be made Use of if the Vessels cannot be otherwise provided. We 
shall endeavour to have one or more Look out Boats down the Bay. 
It would be improper to depend entirely on them some of the Vessels 
you will have may be fast Sailers and if put imder the Command 
of trusty Officers, might proceed down before the Rest, every possi- 
ble Caution should be taken on this Occasion. We are sorry the 
State of the Treasury will not admit of our sending you more than 
ten thousand Dollars : we will as soon as in our Power, supply what- 
ever you advance in the manufacturing of the Wheat and other 
Matters, not directed by the Law to be paid in Certificates. As we 
have very little Provision at this Place, we suggest the Propriety of 
your furnishing the Troops with a Sufficient Quantity to subsist them 
on their Passage to Virginia, without having any Reliance on pro- 
curing any here. You will make the same Allowance for the Vessels 
and Hands impressed, as you pay for those hired 



Liber c B Tuesday 25 April 1780. 

No. 23 
p. 143 Present as on yesterday — 

^^^ Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Jesse Littell 

Eighty four Pounds, seven shillings and six Pence due him -p Ace' 

passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Townsend one hundred 
and fifty Pounds due him p Ace. passed by the D. Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Ja^ Carter & Littleton 
Willing recruits for i Reg each a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty all'^ 
by the late Act of Ass^ 

Liber C C [Council to Capt Geo. P. Keeports] 

p. 93 Sir We must request you will deliver to Capt. Levin Handy all 
the Cloth &"^^ for Officers Blankets, Overalls, Shirts and Shoes you 
have on Hand, to be brought by him in M"" Middleton's Boat to this 
Place, where they may with more Conveniency be distributed among 
the Troops of the Maryland Line on their Route to the Southward. 
If the Troops now under Innoculation and those you have Reason 
shortly to expect to take the Small Pox are not provided with Blank- 
ets, you are to retain in your Hands a Number sufficient for the 
Purpose. 

[Council to Thos Richardson Esqr] 

Sir We have Reason to believe by the latest Intelligence received 
that the Route of the Troops is changed and that they are to proceed 



of the Council of Maryland. 153 

down by Water : if it should prove otherwise, we shall attend to your LiJ^er C C 
Advice and are obliged to you for your Information. It will be • "■ " 
prudent to say nothing of the supposed Route of the Troops by 
Water. 

Wednesday 26"' April 1780 April 26 

Present as on yesterday — No. 23 

Ordered That the western .shore Treasurer pay to Lieut Edward 
Dyer of the 2"'' Mary'' Regim' Two thousand Dollars allowed by 
the Act relating to the Officers and Soldiers &''^ in lieu of the Arti- 
cles for the year 1779. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Leypold, sixty thousand Dol- 
lars to be deliv*^ over to Capt. George Keeports to be by him ex- 
pended in the Purchase of Cloathing for the Army on Ace' 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Lieut. Edward Dyer of the 
2*^ Regim* i piece of Brittanies of the 2"** Quality, Cloth sufT' for a 
Suit of Cloaths, with Trimmings and 3 yds Shalloon in part of the 
Articles allowed by the General Assembly. 

[Council to Mr. David Poe O. M.] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We understood the Maryland Troops are at the Head of Elk p. 93 

and are to call here on their way to the Southward. We have but a 

small Quantity of Meat at this Post, and therefore shall be obliged 

to you to send by M"" Joseph Middleton, fifty Barrels of Beef ; should 

he not be able to bring it, by Waggons or other Conveyance, 

immediately 

[Council to Capt. Geo. P. Keeports] p. 94 

Sir There are not more than 80,000 Dollars now in the Treasury, 
60,000 of which we send you by M*" Leopold for the Purpose of satis- 
fying the most hungry, and clamorous of your Creditors, it would 
have given us Pleasure to remit the whole Sum vou require but that 
is out of our Power, the Proportion drawn from our Stock is full 
as much as can be spared. We shall take the earliest Opportunity 
of supplying you with the Balance. The Time of Payment is rather 
nearer at Hand than we had Reason to expect, especially for the 
Blankets, either from your former Letter or our Instructions to you 
on that Head. The Enclosure is a Copy of a Letter written to you, 
by Cap* Handy, as he has met with unexpected Delays, it is sent by 
this Opportunity, that you may be packing the Cloaths up and pre- 
paring them for Delivery; and in Addition to the Articles mentioned 
therein, we must desire you will also deliver to Capt. Handy, all the 
Camp Kettles and other Camp Equipage you have, except those in 
the Hospital 



154 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Thursday 27* April 1780. 

No. 23 
April 27 Present as on Yesterday. 

^■''*'* Ordered That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Capt William 

Dent Beall of the 6"" Regim* Cloth suff' for a Suit of Cloaths, with 

Trimmings & 3 yds Shalloon in part of the Articles allowed by the 

General Assembly. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to the said Capt. William 
D. Beall. 3 yds. Linen for lining and 2 pair of Stockings in part of 
the Articles &" 

That the said Commissary deliver to Capt. Henry Gaither, 4 p*" 
of Overalls, 3 p*" of Stockings, 9 p'' shoes & 7 Shirts for the use of 
the i^* Reg' 2 p"" Overalls, i p"" Stockings, 9 p'' shoes & 3 shirts for 
the use of the 2^ Regim* 3 p"" shoes & i shirt for the use of the 6*'' 
and 5 p"" Shoes & 2 Shirts for the use of the 7"" Regiment. 

That the said Commissary deliver to William Leslake recruits for 
the 7*^ Regim* a Suit of Cloaths each, the Bounty of Cloathing all*^ 
by the late Act of Ass^ 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. William Dent 
Beall of 6* Regim* three thousand Dollars to be expended in the 
Recruiting service & Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Robert Berry of the Boat 
Plater, one thousand Eight hundred Dollars on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Henry Hooper Esq"" Two hun- 
dred & seventy five Pounds to be delivered over to Richard Bryan 
due him per Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That M'' John Shaw deliver to Capt. Robert Berry of the Plater, 
I small Keg of Powder and 4 Doz. Muskett Cartridges. 

The State Boat Plater Capt. Robert Berry was employed in the 
Cont' service as a lookout Boat & returned the 24 May. 

Commissions issued to Joseph Richardson appointed L' Col° and 
also to Ezekiel Reed app'' Captain in the room of Spencer Waters, 
in the Upper Battalion of Militia in Dorchester County. 

Warrant issued Directed to Com° Thomas Grason to impress a 
sufficient Number of Vessels with Hands in the Port of Annapolis 
(except those employed in carrying Grain & Flour to the Head of 
Elk for the use of the Army) to Transport the Troops of the United 
States from the Head of Elk and the City of Annapolis, with their 
Baggage to the Common Wealth of Virginia to reinforce the 
p. 145 Southern Army. Warrant issued. Directed to Isaac Griest to im- 
press all the Vessels and hands in the Port of Baltimore in the Bay 
Trade (except those employed in carrying Provisions to the Head 
of Elk for the Use of the Army) to Transport the Troops of the 
United States from the Head of Elk to the common Wealth of Vir- 
ginia to reinforce the Southern Army. 



of the Council of Maryland. 155 

Capt. Joseph Middlctons Vessel, a Schooner lioal, has been im- Lit^r C B 
pressed by our Order, to go to the Head of Elk to Transport 'J'roops ^'^- ^^ 
from thence to Virginia, but as she is at present engaged in the 
PubHc Service she is to return from Baltimore to Annapolis. 

Lieut. James Ewing. You are to take under your Care and Direc- 
tion the Schooner Planters Friend Nath' Koss. 'Jhe Schooner Liberty 
Thomas Dillow. The Schooner Speedwell Thomas Hingson & the 
Schooner Boat Richard Brewer which Vessels are permitted to touch 
at Baltimore to unload and from thence you are to proceed with them 
to the Head of Elk for the Purpose of Transporting a Detachment 
of the American Army to the State of Virginia. You are to apply 
to Col° Hollingsworth at the Head of Elk for further Orders. 

Lieut. James Skinner — You are to take under your Care and 
Direction The Schooner Dispatch, The Schooner Sally Nicholas 
Valliant, The sloop Fly, The Schooner Sea Flower Thomas Johnson 
and the Polly Boat John Valliant impressed for the Purpose of 
Transporting a Detachment of the American Army to the State of 
Virginia and when you arrive at the Head of Elk you are to apply 
to Col° Hollingsworth for further Orders. 

[Council to General Small wood. 1 Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir — No other Information that the Maryland Division is on the P-94 
March for Carolina has reached this Board, than what is contained 
in a Letter from the Board of War to Col° Hollingsworth of the 
19'^^ Ins' a Copy of which that Gentleman sent us and since wrote on 
the 25*'' that an Express was just arrived from Head Quarters with 
Letters advising him of the Route of the Reinforcement for the 
Southern Army and that the Number originally designed for that 
Purpose was augmented to 3000, & of the near Approach of their 
Van, to the Head of Elk. Col° Hollingsworth had procured only 
12 Vessels on the 25"^, but as we have given him adequate Powers, 
to impress Vessels, we flatter ourselves, with what we can get here, 
he will secure a Sufficient Number to forward the Troops as they 
arrive, without any material Loss of Time. We have taken the earli- 
est Opportunity of conveying to you every Intelligence we have 
received respecting the Movement of this Detachment and hope 
it will reach you in Time to regulate yours. Every Species of Cloath- 
ing in the Hands of our Agent in Baltimore Town, necessarv for 
our Troops destined to the Southward we shall draw to this Place, 
with a View of making a Distribution of them and to that End, have 
requested Col° Forrest to apply to the Officer commanding them, to p. 95 
send a Party for them, if he should not touch at this Port on his 
Way down. We have also advised the Col° to order the Officers and 
Men on Furlough and those on the Recruiting Service, to rendezvous 
immediately at the most convenient of the two Posts of Annapolis 
and Port Tobacco to be in Readiness to march or embark for Peters- 



156 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C burg. The Cloathing you require except the Shoes, Hats and Blank- 



No. 



ets of which we have none here, shall be delivered to Col° Forrest 
who has an Opportunity of sending them by one of your Waggons 

[Council to Capt. Robt Berry] 

Sir You are to proceed down the Chesapeake in the Plater State 
Boat and keep a careful and diligent Look out for the Ships of War 
and Cruisers of the Enemy, lest they are apprized of the Route of 
our Troops destined for reinforcing the Southern Army, and may 
attempt to intercept them on their Passage down the Bay. If upon a 
careful Examination of the Vessels in the Bay, you receive any In- 
telligence of the Enemy, you are to give immediate Information to 
this Board and to the Vessels transporting Troops, which you may 
fall in with on your Return. We recommend the greatest Attention 
and Vigilance in the Execution of this important Trust, and wish 
you a safe Return. 

Same Letter sent to Cap* Middleton of the Dolphin, with the fol- 
lowing Addition. " The Letter to the Governor of Virginia must be 
delivered, if possible, into the Hands of some proper Officer, to be 
forwarded immediately to him." 

[Council to Mr Isaac Griest, Balto.] 

Sir We are informed by Col° Hollingsworth, that a Detachment 
of three Thousand Troops, is to be transported immediately from 
the Head of Elk to Virginia, and that he cannot procure a Sufficient 
Number of Vessels at that Place, for the Purpose. We have enclosed 
you a Press Warrant, and must request you to undertake to execute 
it and get all the Vessels you can and send them to the Head of Elk ; 
the Importance of this Service, we don't doubt, will induce you to 
exert yourself. The Skippers are to apply to Coll° Hollingsworth 
at the Head of Elk, for Orders. 



April 28 Friday 28* April 1780. 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 

^' ^"^^ Ordered That William Yielding Deliver to Capt. William Mid- 
dleton of the Dolphin all the Flour in his possession belonging to 
the Continent. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Edward Dyer of 
the 2"^ Regim* 3 yds Linen for Lining and 2 p'" Stockings in part of 
the Articles all<^ by the Gen' Assembly. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Doct. Ephraim Howard 
50 or 60 is Cannon Powder, provided it sells for more than £13. in 
Baltimore & if more D"" Howard is to pay him the price it sells for. 



of the Council of Maryland. 157 

On Considering the Memorial of William Ixigan of the City of Liber C B 
Annapolis respecting the Damages done to his vvharfe and ware- ^^ 
house lately occupied by this State. The Governor & Council are of 
Opinion that the State is bounrl to make good the Damages arrising 
since they were employed by them, and direct an Order to be drawn 
to the said William Logan for the sum of six thousand Pounds in 
full for the Damages. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Elie Vallette 
Seventy five Pounds due him -p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col'' Uriah Forrest one thousand, 
one hundred and Fifty five Pounds for the use of John Henry & 
fifteen Pounds for the use of Col° William Bordley due them p Ac- 
counts passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Francis Cromwell Fifty four 
Pounds p Ace' passed by D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Logan six thousand 
Pounds in full for the Damages done to his Wareh° & wharfe by the 
State Vessels agreeably to the Determ^ of the Gov'' & Council. 

[Council to Edwd Gaither Esqr] Liber c C 

No. 22 
Sir Upon the Application of the Forage Master, or other Officer p. 95 

who may be appointed to procure Forage for the Horse belonging 
to the Detachment on the March to the Southward, you are hereby 
requested to furnish him with the Forage necessary for their Sub- 
sistence, from the Public Stock in your Hands 

[Council to the Commissioners for Montgomery County] p. 96 

Gentlemen — Upon the Application of the Issuing Forage Master 
at George Town or other Officer who may be appointed to procure 
Forage for the Horse belonging to the Detachment on the March 
to the Southward, you are hereby requested to furnish him with the 
Forage necessary for their Subsistence from the Public Stock in 
your Hands. Until further Orders from this Board you are not to 
remove, from George Town, any of the Supplies procured in Virtue 
of the Act for the immediate Supply of Flour and other Provisions 
for the Army 

[Council to Thos. Richardson Esqr] 

Sir We have directed Col° Gaither, one of the Commissioners 
for Ann Arundel County and the Commissioners for ]Montgomery 
County to Supply Forage upon the Application of the Issuing For- 
rage Master or other Officer who may be appointed to Supply Forage 
to the Horse belonging to the Detachment on the March to the 
Southward. The enclosed contains our Orders to the Commission- 
ers of Montgomery which we request the Favor of you to forward 



158 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Richd Dallam Esqr] 

No. 22 

Sir We have received yours of Yesterday and immediately laid it 
before the General Assembly in Hopes they will pass a Resolve to 
empower us to employ you on this Occasion in the Purchase of 
Forage ; if that is done we shall send you a Sum of Money by the 
first good Opportunity but cannot detain the Post. 



April 29 Saturday 29**" April 1780 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 

The State Boat Dolphin was taken into the Continental Service & 
ret<^ 24 May. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Paul Richards 
of the 3'' Regini' 2 Shirts, i p*" Stockings and i p*" Leather Breeches. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Hyde Ten thou- 
sand Pounds for the use of Col° Henry Hollingsworth on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James O'Harra Two hundred 
Pounds allowed to him by this Board from the 16 February last to 
this Inst, by Virtue of a Resolve of the General Assembly passed the 
7"" of August 1779. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Dorsey Esq*" five thousand 
Pounds to be delivered over to David Poe Esq"" on Account. 

Liber C C [Council to The Commissioners of Baltimore County] 

No. 22 
p. 96 Gent M"" Poe, who acts in the Quarter Master's Department at 
Baltimore Town, represents to us that he is in great Want of Forage, 
you will therefore deliver him 500 Bushels of Indian Corn and the 
Bran and Shorts produced from all the Wheat you have collected, 
except that which was purchased by the French Agents. 

[Council to Mr. David Poe] 

Sir If you have any Pork in Barrels or Salt Beef, or can buy or 
borrow any on the Credit of the State, you must send it off as soon 
as possible to Col° Hollingsworth at the Head of Elk for the Use of 
the Troops there destined to the Southward who are much distressed 
for the Want of Provision. M*" Griest has a Power to impress Ves- 
sels and you must apply to him to furnish you with one we have 
p. 97 desired the Commissioners for Baltimore County to supply you with 
Forage. We have sent you five thousand Pounds, all the Money we 
can spare at this Time. You must apply to M"" John Dorsey, who will 
let you have ten thousand Pounds on Account of the State. If the 
Troops should leave the Head of Elk before you can send off the 
Pork & Beef, you must send it here 



of the Council of Maryland. i 59 

[Council to the Commissioners of Frederick & Washington Counties] Liljtr C C 

No. 22 
Gentlemen We request you will furnish Forage for the Subsis- 
tence of the Teams employed by Col° Hollingsworth in removing 
Cannon from Hughs's Works to Baltimore Town for the Use of the 
Continent 

[Council to Col. Flenry Hollingsworth] 

Sir We received your Letter of the ay"" Ins* and it is with real 
Concern we inform you there is not an Ounce of Pork or Salt Beef 
at this Place belonging to the Public. To relieve the immediate 
Wants of the Troops, we have borrowed 30 Barrels of exceeding fine 
Pork and sent you by John Wormsly and have directed M"" Poe to 
procure all the Pork and Salt Beef he can at Baltimore Town, with 
the utmost Expedition and forward to you. In Case the Troops 
should embark before the Pork and Beef can be procured we have 
ordered him to send it to this Place. You will receive ten thousand 
Pounds by John Wormsly, to purchase Beef and other Provisions 
for the Troops. Enclosed are Orders on the Commissioners of 
Washington and Frederick to supply Forage, agreeable to your 
Request M*" Poe in Baltimore Town acts as Quarter Master and has 
Forage for that Purpose 



Monday i^* May 1780 May i 

•^ ^ ^ Liber C B 

Present as on Saturday. No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert Reith 
Messenger to the Governor & Council one hundred and Twenty five 
Pounds for i mo. Salary to this Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. William Middleton four 
hundred and two Pounds, fifteen shillings on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Hyde, four hundred and 
sixteen Pounds, thirteen shillings and four Pence due him as Ass' 
Clerk to the Gov'' & Council this day. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson J'" four hundred 
and sixteen Pounds thirteen shillings and four Pence for i Mo. 
Salary due this Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jesse Littell one hundred and sixty 
eight Pounds, fifteen shillings due him per Ace' passed bv the 
Depy Aud. 

Commission issued to William Middleton appointed Capt. of the 
Schooner Boat Dolphin in the Service of this State. 

[Council to Colo Henry Hollingsworth] Lj^gj. q q 

Sir You will receive with this by Capt. Thomas Price 15 Barrel? ■^°" ^^ 



of Pork and 15 Barrels of Beef. It will be proper that an Officer 



p- 



i6o Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C should come on shore at this Place to receive the Signals agreed on 
No. 22 J.Q i^g made by the State Boats, one of which is now down the Bay- 
on the Lookout, the other will be ready to proceed with the first 
Division. Several of the Skippers of the Vessels impressed, have 
applied to us for Provisions, but as we have but a small Quantity 
p. 98 at this Post, we have referred them to you We shall be obliged to you 
to give us the most early Notice when you have obtained Vessels 
sufficient for the Transportation of the Troops 

May 2 Tuesday 2^ May 1780 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday, 
p. 146 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Chalmers, 
three thousand six hundred Dollars for 1200 lbs shad, fish pur- 
chased of him by this Board for the Continental Troops in this 
City and Delivered to M'' Crisall. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. Richard Chew one hundred 
& twenty two Pounds, twelve shillings and six Pence due him p 
Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Doct. James Murray Nine hun- 
dred & sixty three Pounds due him p ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah Forrest one thousand 
and forty one Pounds thirteen shillings and four Pence due him for 
I Months Salary as Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Sands, one hundred and 
twelve Pounds ten shillings due him p Account passed by the Dep^ 
Aud^ 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Will™ Middleton five hun- 
dred Pounds on Account, 
p. 147 Ordered That M'' John Shaw deliver to Capt. Robert Berry for 
the Plater, 6 match Staves 6 Ladles & Screws. 6 Rammers and 
[A match Spunges and 8 Swivel Shot, and also to Capt William Middleton 
staff was a for the Dolphin, 6 doz small Swivel shot, 8 Sweeps, 6 Cutlasses and 

staff with a ^ I-)" i. 1 
slot in the 6 Pistols.— 

upper end -phat the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. William Middle- 
in the lower ton for the Dolphin 8 hanks of Marline. 

shiob^^ard *to That the said Commissary deliver to William Probate and John 
hold a slow Hawser Recruits for the 6"^ Reg' a Suit of Cloaths, each allowed by 
match] ^j^g Qgj^i Assembly as a Bounty. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Capt. Gaither i p* Brittanies 
for Capt. Alex'' Lawson Smith of the late Rowlings's Regim' in part 
of the Articles all*^ by the Gen' Assembly. 

Liber c C [Council to Capt Geo. Keeports] 

^°" ^g Sir M'' M'^Fadon has made us an Offer of a Number of Shoes & 
Stockings the Shoes at 50 and the Stockings at 30 Dollars. If you 



of the Council of Maryland. l6l 

think them suital)le for the Soldiers and approve of the Price, Liber C C 
we would have you take theni and send them down hy the first "■ ^ 
opportunity 

[Council to Colo. U. Forrest] 

Sir Cap' Middleton who commands the State Boat Dolphin is 
now under Orders to proceed down the Bay to observe the Motions 
of the Enemy : he is in Want of Hands and we must request of you 
to furnish eight Men and such Officer as you may think proper to 
appoint, equipped and supplied with necessary Arms & Provisions 
to enable him the beter to execute Orders we esteem very prudential 

[Council to Colo Henry Hollingsworth] 

Sir We have Reason to believe the Enemy have Cruisers or Priva- 
teers within or very near our Capes : it would therefore be prudent 
for the Officer commanding the Van of the Troops destined to the 
Southward before he passes this, to send an Officer to us for any 
farther Intelligence we may receive on this Head. We shall keep a 
Lookout Boat constantly below, to furnish us with every material 
Occurrence, which shall be communicated to the Commandant, in 
the most expeditious Manner. 

[Council to Governor Jefferson] 

Sir A Detachment of 3000 Troops is already embarked at the 
Head of Elk, in a Day or two, to proceed down the Bay of Chesa- 
peake to your State, to reinforce the Southern Army. We esteem 
it highly necessary that every possible Precaution should be used to 
prevent any Part from falling in with the Enemy's Cruisers and 
have, to that End, communicated to your Excellency the Intelligence p. 99 
we have received from one of our Look out Boats that returned last 
Night from the Mouth of Potowmack. The Captain informs us 
that there are several small Privateers in the Bay and one or two 
as high up as Wiccomico in Virginia. We shall keep our Boats out 
constantly, to give us Information, that we may apprize the Com- 
manding Officer of every Movement of the Enemy to intercept the 
Troops 

[Council to the Commissioners of Baltimore, Harford, Cecil, Caro- 
line, Kent, Dorchester, Talbot, Worcester and Queen Ann's 
Counties & the Comm*"^ of Balt° Town Circular] 

Gentlemen The General Assembly, in Conformity to a Requisition 
of Congress, have requested us to direct fifteen thousand Barrels of 
Flour to be delivered to the Agent of France, including the Quantity 
he was, heretofore, permitted to purchase, by Authority of this State. 
We therefore request you to have delivered to M*" W™ Smith of 



1 62 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C Baltimore Town, or his Agent or Deputy all the Wheat and Flour 
^°* ^^ seized by you in the Hands of the French Agent or Deputy in Pur- 
suance of the Act for the immediate Supply &''^ If any of the 
Wheat Seized by you, has been manufactured you must deliver the 
Flour &'^'' produced therefrom, to such Agent or Deputy and render 
us a particular Account of what you deliver as soon as possible 



Libe^cf B Wednesday 3<^ May 1780. 

^D 14" Present as on yesterday. 

Commissions issued to Roger Hooper appointed i^* Lieut, and 
James Willson 2^ Lieut of Capt. Thomas Clelands Comp^ of Militia 
in Calvert County. 

Commission of Letter of Marque & Reprisal issued to Thomas 
Williams Commander of the Brig Willing Lass 160 Tons burthen, 
navigated, by 40 Men, mounting 16 Carriage Guns & 22 small Arms, 
belonging to Henry Dennis & others of Worcester County Maryland. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Benjamin 
Mackall 4"^ Esq"" Judge of the Court of Appeals, one thousand seven 
hundred and fifty Pounds due him -p Account Lodged in the Auditors 
Office. 



May 4 Thursday 4*'^ May. 1780. 

Present as on yesterday except Daniel Carroll Esq"" 
Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Serj. Joshua 
Barrett one thousand one hundred Dollars due him p Account passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Stevenson Esq*" the several 
Sums of Money to be delivered over to the Persons hereafter men- 
tioned due them p Acc'^ passed by Aud. Gen' & Dep^ Aud'' four 
Pounds Eleven shillings to Capt. Benj^ Merryman & his Company, 
fourteen Pounds, five shillings & ten Pence to Capt. Elexis Lemmon 

& his Company. 
Seven Pounds, seventeen shillings & six Pence to D° & his company 
Eighteen Pounds Eleven shillings to Capt. Christopher Shroe and 

his Comp^ 
Sixteen Pounds, three shillings & two pence to Capt. Thomas Mar- 
shall for Ditto 
Sixteen Pounds, five shillings to Capt John Murray & his Comp^ 
Twent}^ Pounds Eighteen shillings & four Pence to Capt. Nich^ 

Merryman & his Co. 
Seven Pounds fourteen shillings and six Pence to Capt. Thomas 

Marshall for his Company. 
Five Pounds, five shillings to Col° Frederick Decker. 



of the Council of Maryland. 163 

Four Pounds, seven shillings and six Pence to Maj' Gist Vaughan. Liber C B 

Seventeen Pounds, seventeen shillings and six Pence to Jacob Fouble ^'*- ^^ 

Q' Master to Col" Gists Batt 
Eighty Two Pounds to William Mathews Aflj' to Col" Gists Batt. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. John Jordan of 
the i^' Regim' Cloth suff' for a Suit of Cloaths, 3 yds Shalloon 3 yds 
Linen for lining i p** Brittanies of the 2'^ Quality & 2 p"" of stockings 
in part of the Articles all*^ by the Gen' Assembly. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut. Samuel p. 14& 
Hanson of the i"" Regim' Cloth sufficient for a Suit of Cloaths, with 
Trimmings, 3 yds. shalloon, 3 yds Linen for Lining & also to Capt. 
John Mitchell of the same Regiment Cloth sufficient for a Suit of 
Cloaths, 3 yds shalloon 3 yds Linen for lining i p^ Brittanies of the 
2"'' Quality and 2 pair of Stockings in part of the Articles allowed 
by the General Assembly. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Col" Uriah Forrest 2 pieces 
of Brittanies of the first Quality for General Smalhvood in part of 
the Articles &=^ 

[Gov. Lee to Colo Josias Carvil Hall] Liber C C 

. . No. 22 

Sir I have received your Letter of the 2^ Ins' and think I cannot, P-99 

with Propriety interpose and stop the regular Course of the Law 
without being previously informed of the particular Circumstances 
of each Person's Case committed and confined in Goal and therefore 
must request the Favor of you to apply to the Magistrates who com- 
mitted the Soldiers and obtain a State of the Proof or Testimony 
against each Person. If the Crimes with which they stand charged, 
are not attrocious, or the Evidence against any of them should be 
insuiificient to induce an Opinion of their Delinquency, and no Incon- 
venience likely to result to the Public from my Interference, I shall 
not hesitate to free them from their Restraint, Zeal for the Common 
Cause and a strong Inclination to oblige you, conspire powerfully 
to influence me to take every Measure to restore these Men to the 
Army, that is not incompatible with the Laws of the State and the 
great Duties I owe to Society 



Friday 5"^ May 1780. Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. j^^y ^^ 

Ordered That M"" John Crisall issuing Commissary deliver to Jane P- ^-^^ 
Davis a Soldiers wife 4 days Provisions for herself and two children 
as Subsistence on their return 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Ignatius Brashear lately 
of the second Regiment one Coat and Waistcoat, which was left with 
Mrs. Bonner in Annapolis and taken from her by order of the Gov- 
ernor and Council. 



164 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Commissary deliver to Ensign Henry Gassaway of 
^°- ^^ the 2""^ Brigade Cloth sufficient for a Suit of Cloaths, with Trim- 
mings, 3 yds Shalloon, 3 yds Linen for Lining, 2 pair Stockings and 

1 piece Brittanies of the 3*^ Quality, to Capt. Lieut. John Gassaway 
of the 2'^ Regim' Cloth sufficient for a Waistcoat and Breeches, with 
Trimmings 2 pair Stockings and i p^ Brittanies of 2"** Quality, to 
Capt. Archibald M'^Callister of the i^' Regim* Cloth sufficient for a 
Suit of Cloaths, with Trimmings, 2 pair Stockings and i piece of 
Brittanies. to Major Levin Winder 2 p* Brittanies, Trimming for a 
Coat and 2 pair of Stockings, to Lieut. Nicholas Gassaway of the 3*^ 
Regim* Cloth suff' for a Waistcoat and Breeches with Trimmings, 

2 pair Stockings and i piece of Brittanies. to Capt. George Hamilton 
of the s'*" Regim' i piece of Brittanies. to Lieut. Thomas Hugoe of 
the 5* Regiment Cloth sufficient for a Waistcoat & Breeches with 
Trimmings suff' for a Suit of Cloaths and i piece of Brittanies. to 
Lieut Richard Waters of the i^* Regim* Cloth suff' for a Waistcoat 
and Breeches with Trimmings, 2 pair Stockings and i p^ Brittanies. 
& to William Kelty surgeon to the 5* Regim* Cloth sufficient for a 
Waistcoat & Breeches with Trimmings, 2 pair Stockings and i p^ 
Brittanies in part of the Articles all<^ them by the G. Ass^ 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn 
Esq'' one hundred and sixty two Pounds ten shillings per Account 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq"" seven hundred 
and twenty Pounds due him for his Attendance in Council to this 
Instant. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Brice Esq"" seven hundred 
and sixty pounds due him for his Attendance in Council to this 
Instant 
Liber C C [Council to Commodore Grason] 

^p'loo ^''' Permit M"" M'^Bryde's Vessel to proceed on her Voyage to 
Wiccomico for Flour, for the Use of the State. From Col° HoUings- 
worth's Letter of the 4* Ins* we have Reason to believe that a 
sufficient Number of Vessels are procured for the Transportation 
of the Troops destined for reinforcing the Southern Army, there- 
fore request you will not continue to impress more, without further 
Directions from this Board 



May 6 Saturday 6* May 1780 

' No. 23 Present as yesterday. 

P- 148 Commission of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to W" 
Jones Commander of the Schooner Two Sisters, 40 Tons burthen, 
navigated by 1 1 Men, mounting 4 Swivels and 6 small Arms belong- 
ing to John Sterett &C° Baltimore. 



of the Council of Maryland. 165 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Elie Vallette six LiJ)cr C B 
hundred and twenty five Pounds due him p Account passed by the ^'^40^ 
Aud. Gen' 

[Council to Colo John Gunby] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir Enclosed you have a Resolve of the General Assembly, direct- p. iw 

ing a Hogshead of Rum to be furnished and distributed amongst 

the Non commissioned Officers and Privates of the first Maryland 

Brigade and an Order on M' Joseph Williams for the same 

[Gov. Lee to Honble Speaker of the House of Delegates] 

Sir The Enclosure I received by Gen' Gist. The Subject of the 
Requisition, I beg Leave to refer to the Consideration of the House 
of Delegates and must request you to lay the Matter before them. 
The present exhausted State of the Treasury is, no Doubt, known to 
the Gentlemen of the Assembly and as tlie Business requires Dis- 
patch, their Discernment will point out the proper Mode of Pro- 
ceedure in this Exigency. I have to observe that I have not, officially 
received the Resolve alluded to by the Baron DeKalb, tho' I doubt 
not the Fact is as represented. 



Monday S**" May 1780 Liber C B 

Present as on Saturday. Dan' Carrol Esq*" Attended. May 8 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Col° John P- ^-•'^ 
Gunby of the y^^ Regim* i p^ of Brittanies. to Lieut. Samuel M'^Pher- 
son of the i^' Reg' and Capt. Richard Bird of 5'^ Regim' each i p^ 
Brittanies and Trimmings for a Coat, to Capt. William Bruce, 
Lieut. Edw'' Edgerly of the i^' Reg* Capt. George Armstrong of 3*^ 
Reg* Lieut° Benjamin Garnet and James Gould of the 5**^ Regim' 
each Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths and i piece of Brittanies. to 
Lieut. Arthur Harris of the 5**^ Regim' Cloth sufif' for a Jacket and 
Breeches with Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths and i p^ Brittanies. 
to Lieut Thomas Price of the 3^ Regim* i p^ Brittanies and Trim- 
mings for a Jacket and Breeches, to Capt. Benjamin Brooks of the 
3*^ Regim' Trimg^ suff' for a Coat 2 p'' Stockings and i p^ Brittanies. 
to Capt. Thomas Mason of the y^^ Reg' Trimmings sufif' for a Coat. 
2 pair of Stockings and i p^ Brittanies. to Lieut Philip Read of the 
5'^^ Regim' Trimmings sufif' for a Suit of Cloaths, 2 pair of Stockings 
and I p^ Brittanies to Capt. Jonathan Morris of the 7* Regim' 2 p^ 
Brittanies. to Ensign William Pendergast of the 5'*^ Regim' Cloth 
sufp for a Suit of Cloaths with Trimmings, i p* Brittanies & 2 p'' 
Stockings, to Lieut William Lamar of the 7"^ Regim' i p^ Brittanies 
& Trimmings for a waistcoat and Breeches, to Capt. Richard An- 
derson of the 7'^ Regim' i p^ of Brittanies and Trimmg^ for a Jacket 
and Breeches, to Thomas Parran Surgeon of the 6"^ Regim' Trim- 



1 66 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B mings for a Coat, 3 yds Linen for Lining and i p^ Brittanies. to 
^°- ^^ Capt. John Hawkins of the 5"" Regim* Cloth and Trimmings for a 
Suit of Cloaths, Lining for Hning, 2 pair of Stockings and i p'* Brit- 
tanies. to Lieut John Carr of the 3^* Reg* i p^ Brittanies & some 
thread, to Capt. John Wilmot of the 3*^ Reg' i p^ Brittanies. to Lieut. 
Gassaway Watkins of the 7'^ Regim*^ 2J yds Linen for lining 2 pair 
Stockings & i p^ Brittanies — to Capt. Peregrine Benson of the 5'** 
Regm* Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths 2^ yds Linen for Lining, 
2 p*" Stockings and i p^ Brittanies. to Capt. Jonathan Gibson of the 
^th Regim* Cloth and Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths, 2 pair of 
Stockings and i p^ Brittanies. to Capt John Gist of Col° Nath' Gists 
Regim* Cloth and Trimmings sufF for a Suit of Cloaths 2 pair of 
Stockings and i p^ Brittanies in part of the Articles allowed by the 
General Assembly. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. George 
Hamilton four hundred and sixty seven Pounds Eight shillings due 
him -p Ace* passed by the D. Aud. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Thomas Mason 
Twenty nine Pounds p Account passed by the Dep'' Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Richard Sappington one hundred 
and seventy nine Pounds five shillings -p Ace* passed by the Dep'' 
Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Hawkins of the 5'** 
Regim* four hundred Dollars the Gratuity allowed by the General 
Assembly "p Resolve of the 11"^ December 1778. 
p. 150 That the said Treasurer pay to Capt Joseph Smith for the use of 
Capt. Jn° Gist of Col° Nathaniel Gist's Regiment four hundred Dol- 
lars allowed by a Resolve of the Gen' Assembly of the 1 1**^ December 
1778 and Two thousand Dollars allowed by an Act of Assembly in 
lieu of the Articles for the year 1779. — 



Liber c C [Council to Mr. David Poe] 

p. 100 Sir We received your Letter of the 7*'' Ins' You must send the 
Beef and Pork to this Place in the first Vessel ; you need not pur- 
chase any more until you receive Orders from us. Enclosed you 
have an Order on the Collector of Baltimore County for twenty 
thousand Pounds to enable you to comply with your Contract. You 
must transmit us an Ace* of the Money expended by you in the Pur- 
chase of Pork and Beef 



[Council to the Collectors of the Tax] 

Sir We have transmitted you a Copy of a Resolve of the General 
Assembly, requesting us to send to the Collectors to make immediate 



of the Council of Maryland. 167 

Payment of the five Pound Tax. Our 1>casury is empty and, unless Libcr C C 
the Collectors exert tiicmselves and pay in the Money as soon as p /^q" 
"received it will not he in our Power to conduct the Public Business 
for without Money nothing can be effected. The Necessity of ob- 
taining a large Sum for the Officers to enable them to bear their 
Expences on their March to the Southward, we are satisfied, is suffi- 
cient to prompt you to use the utmost Diligence in Collecting. 

[Council to the Commissioners of Baltimore Town.] 

Gentlemen One Half of the Maryland Division are now at this 
City, on their March to the Southward, the other is daily expected. 
Before they can proceed, it is absolutely necessary that two hundred 
thousand Pounds should be distributed among the Officers, to enable 
them to defray their Expences on their March. Congress have re- 
solved that the Officers be indemnified in the Loss they have sus- 
tained by the Depreciation of the Money, but cannot comply with 
their Resolution at this Time, being de.stitute of Money. The General 
Assembly impressed with the Necessity of Supplying the Officers 
with a Sum adequate to the above Purpose, and revolving in their 
Minds the exhausted State of the Treasury and the Want of other 
Means to procure Money, found themselves constrained to have re- 
course to the Expedient of Borrowing and have authorized and 
requested us to make Application to the Inhabitants of Baltimore 
Town for a Loan of two hundred thousand Pounds. If the Expedi- 
ent should fail, we cannot say what will be the Result, but the most 
dreadful Consequences are to be apprehended, from detaining the 
Troops here, and the Officers cannot march without Money. The 
Inhabitants of Baltimore must receive the highest Satisfaction from 
the Idea Suggested by the Resolve that the Treasury is exhausted 
and all other Resources to procure Money fail the Virtue, Magnanim- 
ity and patriotism of Baltimore may be depended on, to extricate 
the State from its Embarrasments and Difficulties at the most criti- 
cal Conjuncture. We have candidly represented our Situation with- 
out Colouring or Exaggeration and flatter ourselves that will be a 
Sufficient Inducement with them to render the Assistance required. 
The Money lent is to be repaid within three Weeks. We request you 
to convene the Inhabitants of the Town immediately and to lay this 
Letter and the enclosed Resolves before them. If you think the 
Money will be lent keep the Express and send it dow'n by him. 



Tuesday g^^ May 1780. May 9 

.„ , Liber C B 

Present as yesterday. No. 23 

Commission of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to WiUiam ^' ^^° 

Waud Commander of the Schooner Laurens, 50 Tons Burthen, navi- 



1 68 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B gated with i8 Men mounting- 8 Carriage Guns belonging to John 
No. 23 M'^Lure and Thomas Yeates of Baltimore. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Maj"" Arch"^ 
Anderson & Lieut Henry Baldwin of the 3*^ Regim' each i piece of 
Brittanies. to Maj'' Alexander Roxburgh of the 7'^ Reg' and Capt. 
Walker Muse of the i^* Regim* each Trimmings for a Coat and one 
piece of Brittanies. to Ens. Edmund Compton of the i""* Reg' Trim- 
mings for a Coat, i piece of Brittanies and i p'' Stockings, to Lieut 
Patrick Donnelly of the 7'^ Regim' Cloth for a Jacket and Breeches, 
Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths i piece of Brittanies and 2 pair 
Stockings, to Lieut. Peter Hardcastle of the y^^ Regiment Trimmings 
for a Coat, i piece Brittanies and 2 pair Stockings, to Col° Thomas 
Woolford of the s'*' Regim' Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths, i 
piece Brittanies and two p'' Stockings, to Capt. Jonathan Sellman 
of the 4* Regim' Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths & i p^ Brittanies. 
to Lieut Edward Duvall of the 2^ Reg' Cloth sufificient for a Suit of 
Cloaths with Trimmings & i piece of Brittanies. to the Reverend 
M'' Montgomery Chaplain to the i^' Brigade of Maryland Troops 

1 p* of Brittanies in part of the Articles allowed by the Gen^ Assem- 
bly & also to Capt John Smith of the 3*^ Regim' 2 Coats, 29 Waist- 
coats, 7 p"" Overalls & 2 p"" Stock^^ for the Recruits of said Reg' as a 
Bounty allowed by the Act of Assembly, 31 Blankets to be charged 
to said Regim' also 2 Coats, 2 Vests, 2 pair of Overalls, 2 Shirts and 

2 pair of Shoes to be delivered over to the Recruits of the 4"^ Regim' 
as a Bounty allowed by the Act of Assembly and 12 Blanketts to be 
charged to the said Regiment, and also to Lieut Jacquess Bagness, 
7 pieces of Brittanies one of which to be retained by himself the other 
six to be delivered one to each of Capt. Lieut. Findley, Lieuts. Robert 
Wilmot, Young Wilkinson, Isaac Rawlings, Clement Skerett and 
John Chever of the Artillery Companies in the Cont' Service, to 
Capt Richard Dorsey i p^ of Brittanies for Lieut James M^fadon 
of Artillery in part of the Articles allowed by the General Assembly, 
to Jacob Owens a private of the late Capt. Gales Comp^ i shirt, i p'' 
Overalls and i pair Shoes, to Capt Henry Gaither 30 Blankets for 
the i^' 2<^ & 3<^ Reg' also 10 Blankets for the 5"^ & 24 D° for the 7"^ 
Regiment 

Ordered That John Shaw Armourer Deliver to Col° Forrests 
Order Water Casks for a Transport taking Troops to Virginia to 
be charged to the Continent, also 20*^ of Musket Powder for the Use 
of the Transports going to Virginia with Troops to be charged to 
the Continent at £15. "p Lt. 

That Capt. George Keeports deliver to Capt. Lieut. Eben Findley, 
Lieut^ James M'^fadon, Jacques Bagness, Young Wilkinson, Robert 
Wilmot, Isaac Rawlings, Clement Skerett & John Chever of the 
Artillery Compy^ Trimmings suff' for a Suit of Cloaths. 



of the Council of Maryland. 169 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. M^Callis- Liber C B 
ter seventy Pounds, fifteen shillinj,^s due him per Account passed p/^sf"^ 
by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Thomas B. Huj^ou Two 
hundred and six Pounds five shillings due him p Account passed by 
the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. William Pendergast of the 
S'*" Regim* Two thousand Dollars in lieu of the Articles allowed for 
the year 1779. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. William D. Beall of the 
6th Regim* Two thousand Dollars to be expended in the recruiting 
Service and Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Smith one hundred and 
ninty nine Pounds ten shillings due him -p Account passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Josias Carvil Hall five hun- 
dred and Fifty Dollars the Bounty paid John Martin and Recruit 
for the 4 Regim* and for enlisting him. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Richard Johns Paymaster to Col° 
Edward Cockeys Batt. of Militia Baltimore County Two hundred 
and ninty one Pounds for the Use of said Battalion per Account 
passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Philip Read of the 5"^ Regim' 
Fifty three Pounds, twelve shillings and six Pence due him per 
Account passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Townsend one hundred 
and thirty five Pounds due him p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 
That the said Treasurer pay to Charles Wallace Esq"" Two thou- 
sand Pounds to be delivered over to Jonathan Hudson Esq'' in part 
for Blankets purchased of him by the Governor and Council. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Lieut. Jacques Bagness 
seventy five Pounds due him for the making a Complete Suit of Regi- 
mental Uniform p Account passed by the D. Aud. and the further 
Sum of one thousand four hundred Dollars to be by him delivered 
over to the following Officers of Artillery, Capt Lieut Eben Findley, 
Lieut^ Robert Wilmot, Clement Skeritt, Young Wilkinson, James 
M'^fadon, Isaac Rawlings and John Chever each two hundred Dollars 
in lieu of the making a Complete Suit of Regimental Uniform allow 
them by Act of Ass^" 

Capt. Henry Gaither is requested to Deliver to Lieut Jacques 
Bagness of the late Capt. Gales Company of Artiller}'- all the 
Matrosses which he has received and were formerly of Gales Comp^, 
they being incorporated into the Cont' Artillery Service by Act of 
Assembly. 



I/O Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Wednesday lo**" May 1780. 

No. 23 
May 10 Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores Dehver to Lieut John 
Lynn of the 6* Reg' Trimmings for a Coat, i piece Brittanies and 
2 pair of Stockings in part of the Articles all'^ by the General 
Assembly. 

That the said Com^ deliver to John Penny a Recruit for 2'^ Reg* 
a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty all'^ by the Act of Assembly. 
p. 152 Commission of Letter of Marque and Reprisal issued to Martin 
Parkinson Commander of the Sloop Jane 40 Tons burthen, navi- 
gated by 25 Men mounting 6 Carriage Guns and 12 small Arms be- 
longing to Oneal Deakins &C° of Maryland. 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Joseph 
Smith of Col° Gist's Regim' one hundred and Twenty one Pounds, 
fifteen shillings due him -p Ace. passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Edward Oldham of the 4*'' 
Regim* five hundred Dollars in part of the three thousand Dollars 
allowed to the Officers by the General Assembly to bear their Ex- 
penses on their March to the Southward. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Peter Blake, five thousand Pounds 
to be delivered over to Jonathan Hudson Esquire in part of an order 
drawn by Capt. George Keeports the 5* Instant for thirty thousand 
Pounds for Blankets Purchased of M*" Hudson by order of the 
Gov-- & C° 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Gassaway one hundred 
Dollars for enlisting John Penny a Recruit for the second Regim* 

That John Shaw Armourer deliver to Col° Uriah Forrest 40I 
Cannon Powder and 3! of the best glaized Powder for the Trans- 
ports carrying Troops to Virginia to be charged to the Continent 
Cannon @ £13 and glaized Powder at £15 p i 

That John Crisall Issuing Commissary deliver to Catharine Tis- 
dale and Mary Sullivane Soldiers wives of the 7* Regim' each 3 
Days Rations. 

Permission given to Mrs. Jane Stewart to solicit leave of his 
Excellency Gen' Washington or the commanding Officer at the Out 
Posts of the American Army to go into the City of New York with 
three of her Children and their Nurse Elizabeth Jackson, not to re- 
turn into this State during the Present War with Britain without 
leave from the Governor and Council first had and obtained. And 
Permission is likewise Given Major William Brogden who has given 
the most unequivocal Evidence of his Attachment to America, to 
Attend M""* Stewart as far as the American Lines. 

Pardon granted to Joseph Pherill convicted in Montgomery 
County Court for a Rape on Condition that he forthwith Inlist him- 



of the Council of Maryland. lyi 

self into some one of the Rcf^iments of the Quota of tliis State in LiVjer C B 

the Continental Army during- the War and that lie do not desert ■ ^^ 
therefrom 

rCouncil to Cant John Swan I Liber C C 

■' No. 22 

Sir As you inform us that you have Money in your Hands suffi- \>- 102 
cient to procure the Plank and to have it conveyed to a proper Place, 
we request you to have this done immediately. As we do not know 
where you intend to make the Purchase and are not sufficiently ac- 
quainted with the Landings on the Eastern Shore, we must leave 
it to your own Judgment whether it would not be best to have the 
Plank conveyed to Baltimore, where the Vessel in that Case might 
take in all her Loading if a Flag is obtained, or if not, it might be 
readily sold for at least Cost and Charges 

[Council to Jonathan Hudson Esqr] 

Sir We have just received yours of the s'*" Ins' and on making 
an Enquiry into the State of the Treasury, are concerned to find it 
is not in our Power at present to pay the Whole of M"" Keeport's 
Order in your Favor. We yesterday paid M"" Keeport's Order at 
Sight for £2000 and have given an Order for five thousand to 
M*" Blake in Part of the Order for thirty thousand Pounds and the 
Remainder will be paid as soon as possible. We have to lament your 
Disappointment and to assure you it is founded in the exhausted 
State of the Treasury only and not in Want of Inclination in us. 



Thursday n* May 1780 May 11 

^ ^ Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. James 
Somerville seventy Eight Pounds, fifteen shillings due him p Ace. 
passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Edward Duvall of the 2^ 
Regim' seven Pounds sixteen shillings and six Pence due him & Ace. 
passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. James Ewing of the 2^ Reg' 
Eighty nine Pounds due him p Account passed by the Dep^' Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Edward Edgerly one hun- 
dred and forty six Pounds due him p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Walter Warfield Surgeon to the 
2^ Reg. sixty three Pounds due him p Account passed bv the Dep^ 
Aud. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Richard p. 153 
Donovan of the 6"" Regim' i piece of Brittanies. to Capt. Hary 
Dobson of the 6"^ Regim' i piece of Brittanies. to John Ross Ass' 



172 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Surgeon to the 5*^ Regim* Cloth for a Waistcoat & Breeches with 
No. 23 Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths and i piece of Brittanies. to Ens. 
WilHam Murdoch of the 6"" Regim* one piece of Brittanies in part 
of the Articles all*^ by the Gen' Assembly and also to Capt. Henry 
Gaither 13 Blankets for the 2"^ i D° for the i^* and 13 D° for the 
6^^ Reg* 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Duckett seventy 
five Pounds due him p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Gassaway ninty two 
Pounds, five shillings due him per Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker two hundred 
Pounds on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Hemsley Esquire three 
thousand Eight hundred and seventy four Pounds, seven shillings 
and six Pence in full for the balance of 200 Brles. of Flour Purchased 
of him by the Governor and Council. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. William Murdock of the 
6* Regim* one hundred and twenty seven Pounds ten shillings p 
Ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

Liber C C [Council to Henry Dickinson Esqr. Treasr of the E. Shore] 
No. 22 
p. 102 Sir The Distress of the State for Money has been so very great, 

that the General Assembly to supply the Officers to enable them to 
bear their Expences on their March to the Southward, have been 
constrained to Solicit a Loan of £200,000 from the Inhabitants of 
Baltimore Town. We are not so sanguine as to expect this Requisi- 
tion will be fully complied with and therefore have sent this Express 
for all the Money you can spare, to make up the Deficiency of the 
£200,000 and to answer the ordinary Demands on the Treasury. 
As this Money is to be paid in three Weeks, we have wrote to the 
Collectors of the several Counties to make Payment of the five Pound 
Tax, as soon as possible, and hope you will use every Method to in- 
duce them to bring in the Money without Delay and for that Purpose 
request you to forward the Letters herewith sent. 



May 12 Friday 12* May 1780. 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 
P- 153 Permission is hereby granted to Mrs. Francis Nicholson to Apply 
to His Excellency General Washington or to the Officer commanding 
at the Out Posts of the American Army for his License to go into 
the City of New York on a Visit to her Father. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Ens. Henry 
Gassaway of the 2^ Regim* Thirty seven Pounds ten shillings to pay 
for making a Suit of Cloaths p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 



of the Council of Maryland. jy^ 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col" O H Williams Eight thousand, Liber C B 
nine hundred and sixty one Pounds, twelve shillings •]) Ace' passed *^' ^-^ 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt Lilburn Williams 
of the 2""^ Regim' Cloth and Trimmings for a Waistcoat and Breeches 
and tv^'o pair Stockings, to Ensign John M'^Gwire of the 3'' Regim' 
Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths, i p" Brittanies & 2 p"" Stockings in 
p' of the Articles allowed by the Gen' Assembly, anrl also to John 
Penny of the 2^ Regim' one Blanket. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Baltimore County pay to David 
Poe Esquire Twenty thousand Pounds on Ace' 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to John Randall 
four hundred and seven thousand eight hundred and sixty Dollars 
to be paid over by him to the Officers of the Maryland Division agree- 
able to a Resolve of the General Assembly of the seventh Instant 
and to be charged to Congress accordingly. The said Treasurer is to 
Deliver to M*" Randall five hundred and Eighty one Pounds in Specie 
in Lieu of ninty two thousand nine hundred and sixty Dollars part 
of the above Sum. 

[Council to Capt. Geo. P. Keeports] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir M*" Randal is now with us, on his way to Virginia with the p. 103 

Cloathing for our Troops : it is necessary he should take with him 

an Account of what you have delivered since your last Return to him, 

and therefore request you to send it immediately down and hope to 

receive it to-morrow. We should be glad to know whether you have 

received the Shoes and Stockings of M*" M'^Fadon 

[Council to John Randall] 

166 Officers at 1900 each is 315.400 Dollars 

166 @£3..io..o is £581 Specie 

Paid Cap' Oldham out of the above Sum 500 Dollars, which is in- 
cluded in the above. 

Sir. You will receive the above Sums of three hundred and fifteen 
thousand four hundred Dollars and five hundred and eighty one 
Pounds in Specie, to be equally divided among the Officers of the 
Maryland Line and Staff, to enable them to bear their Expences on 
their March to the Southward You will return a List of the Names 
of all Officers to this Board as soon as may be, to whom you pay the 
above Sums — 

Saturday 13"' May 1780 May 13 

Present as on yesterday. ^^^'^ ^ ^ 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Henry Ridgely P- ^54 

three hundred and Eighty three Pounds, sixteen shillings and Eight 

Pence due him p Ace' passed by the D. Aud. 



174 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to John Wilmot Jun'' Three hundred 
• ^■^ and Eighty three Pounds five shiUings due him -p Ace* passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Joseph Eastman Two thousand 
Dollars to be deliv*^ over to Peregrine Fitzhugh Lieut of the 3"^ 
Regim* of Light Dragoons (Baylors) in lieu of the Articles allowed 
by Act of Assembly. 

Ordered That M"" John Randall Sub Clothier of the State of Mary- 
land Purchase on the Credit thereof Sugar Coffee, Tea, Soap, Rum, 
Irish Linens Broad Cloth and Trimmings for the use of the Officers 
and Privates of the Maryland Troops in the Continental Service. 

Whereas it appears to this Board from a Certificate from George 
Keeports. that He some time in August 1776 enlisted James Fox 
as a private to serve for three Years in the Company He then Com- 
manded in the German Regiment, but not being a German or the 
Son of a German could not Serve in that Regiment and at his own 
request was turned over to a Company of Matrosses in Baltimore 
Town and it also appearing from a Certificate given by Nathaniel 
Smith who commanded the Matross Company to which he was 
turned over that to His knowledge he never Signed any Enlistment 
with him, the said James Fox having served the Time for which he 
engaged is hereby Discharged. 

Liber C C [Council to Capt. Wm. Middleton] 

No. 22 
p. 103 Sir The Fly, a Vessel belonging to M*" Maccubbin, is loaded with 

a Supply of Cloathing for the Troops of the Maryland Line. She is 
entirely defenceless and, to proceed to Petersburg without a Convoy, 
at this Time, with a Cargo so extremely valuable would be hazard- 
ous. We therefore request you will accompany her to the Mouth of 
James River, or until she shall be out of the Reach of the Enemy 



Liber C B Monday 1 5 May 1780 

No. 23 
May 15 Present as on Saturday. 

P- 1 54 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Richard Dallam 

Esquire Ten thousand Pounds and also the further Sum of Ten 

thousand Pounds on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt John Smith one hundred and 
sixty eight Pounds, seven shillings and six Pence due him p Ace* 
passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to his Excellency Thomas Sim Lee 
Esquire three thousand Pounds in part of his Salary due the 8* May. 

That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to Richard Dallam Esquire 
Twenty thousand Pounds on Account. 



of the Council of Maryland. 175 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt John Smith of the Liber C B 
6"" Regim' 6 Coats, 6 Waistcoats, 6 pair of Breeches, 6 Shirts, 6 pair ^^- ^3 
of Shoes, 6 pair of Overalls, 6 jjair Stockg^ and 6 hatts the Bounty 
allowed by the Gen' Assembly and to be accountcfl for anrl 6 Blankets 
to be charf^ed to said Regim' to be delivercfl over to so many Recruits 
of same Regim' 

That the said Commissary Deliver to Nicholas Hutchinson, John 
Brooks, John Dawson, John Murphey, John Cockran, Peter Out- 
house and Jesse Barret Recruits for the 7"' Regim' each i pair Over- 
alls and to John Riggs a Recruit for the same Reg' i p"" Shoes anrl 
I pair Overalls in part of the Bounties allowed them by the Act of 
Assembly for raising the Quota of Troops &'''' and the Supplement 
thereto, also to Capt. William Beatty of the 7"' Regim' 8 Blanketts 
to be charged to the said Regiment. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Col° Forrest p. 155 
or his order such Articles of Cloathing &*^^ as may be necessary for 
the accommodation of the sick Soldiers of the Maryland Troops in 
the Continental Army in this City to be charged to the Continent. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Michael Shaw of the 6''' 
Regim* one Shirt 

M'' Dallam is requested by this Board to dispose of the Shorts, 
Bran and Ship Stuff from the Wheat manufactured by him and to 
Account for the same. 

Commission issued to Baker Johnson appointed Lieutenant of 
Frederick County Militia. 

[Council to Honble. Mr. Holker] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir Your Letter of the 8''' Ins* we received. It is not yet in our p. 103 

Power to ascertain the Quantity of Flour and Wheat purchased for 
the French Marine, that was seized by the Commissioners of this 
State; when we have Information on this Subject, it shall be com- 
municated. The Commissioners have been directed to restore to 
M*" Smith and his Deputies what was seized, and if Restitution has 
been made of less than was seized, the Commissioners must account 
to us for the Residue. M*" Smith must know what was seized in his 
Possession, and when his Deputies make Returns of what was pur- 
chased by them and seized by the Commissioners and since restored, 
in Pursuance of our Directions, he will be enabled to ascertain with 
exact Precision, the Quantity purchased, the Quantity seized, and 
the Quantity since delivered up. If the Commissioners have not p. 104 
restored what they seized. Measures will be adopted to compel them 
to account for the Deficiency. We do not mean to give Assurances 
that cannot be depended on, and therefore must delay complying with 
your Request, 'til we obtain a full and satisfactory Account of the 
Flour and Wheat procured in Consequence of our late Law. If we 



176 ■ Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C were to act otherwise, the Evils resulting from a Disappointment 
°' ^^ would be justly imputable to us. Our Sense of the Importance of 
supplying the French Fleets and Armies, corroborated by our earnest 
Desire that every Matter transacted in this State for the Interest of 
our Ally should give entire Satisfaction to the Minister, will prompt 
us to give the Assurance solicited as soon as possible and to use every 
Exertion to prevent his Plans and Operations from being discon- 
certed or in any Manner embarrassed. In our Letter of the i^' of 
April to M*" Smith we requested him to inform us what Quantity of 
Flour and Wheat has been purchased in this State for the French 
Marine, and how much exported. By his Letter of the 13*^ April, 
he has promised to let us know the Amount of the Purchases made 
by him and his Deputies. This Information is necessary and we have 
no Doubt will be given, as soon as M*" Smith can get Returns from 
his Deputies. You may rest assured the 15000 Barrels will be made 
up, but, such is our present Situation that we cannot say when the 
whole will be delivered — 



May 16 Tuesday 16"" May 1780. 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday, 
p- 15s Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Major David- 
son of the 2** Regim' i Coat, i Vest and i pair Overalls to be charged 
to the said Regim* 

Wednesday i/^ May 1780. 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Hyde 
three hundred and sixty Pounds p Ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah Forrest Eight hundred 
Pounds to be expended in necessaries for the Sick Soldiers in this 
City belonging to the Contin' Army to be accounted for. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj* Benjamin Fickle 
of the 7*^ Regim* on the Recruiting Service i Coat, i Waistcoat, i 
pair Overalls, i Shirt, i p"" Stockings i pair Shoes & i hat to be 
charged to the said Regiment. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Frederick County pay to Capt. 
William Beatty of the 7'^ Regim* Five hundred and fifty five Pounds 
in lieu of the necessaries allowed by Act of Assembly to the Officers 
in the Maryland Line from i^' of January to the i^' of April. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Charles County pay to Capt 
Joseph Marbury Five hundred and fifty five Pounds in lieu of the 
necessaries allowed by Act of Assembly St"^* 



of the Council of Maryland. \yy 

Thursday l8"' May 1 780. Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on yesterday. ^^ay 18 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Frederick County pay 
to Capt. William Beatty of the 7'^ Regiment five thousand Dollars 
to be expended in the Recruiting Service & Ace'' for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Kent County pay to Capt 
Edward Wright of the 7'^ Regim' Three hundred and Fifty five 
Pounds, fifteen shillings Balance due him on Ace' of the Recruiting 
Service. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Josiah M'^Ghee of the 
5"' Regiment lately Discharged i pair of Shoes to be charged to the 
said Regim' and also to Captain William Beatty of the 7'^ Regim' 
I Linen Coat for John Riggs a soldier of the said Regiment. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to His Excellency Thomas 
Sim Lee Esquire one thousand eight hundred and ninety four 
Pounds, one shilling in part of his Salary to the 8''' Inst. 

That M"" John Shaw deliver to John Davidson Esq"" 6 Bbls. Cannon 
Powder which he purchased of the Governor and Council at Public 
Sale, M*" Shaw weighing & taking his Receipt therefor 

[Council to President of Congress] Ljber c C 

No. 22 
Sir IM"" John Davidson of this City, has deposited forty seven p. 104 

thousand, nine hundred and eighty six Dollars and two thirds of a 
Dollar, in the Continental Treasury here, in Expectation of receiving 
Bills of Exchange from Congress at the Rate of one Spanish Dollar 
for every forty Continental Dollars. If Bills cannot be obtained upon 
the above Terms, we have engaged to repay this Money to M*" David- 
son. The Continental and State Treasuries, are quite exhausted and 
the Demands of the Baron DeKalb could not have been answered, if 
we had not consented to that Expedient, to supply the Treasury with 
Money. We have been informed, Congress have sold Bills at the 
Rate herein specified ; if that is the Case, as the Money has already 
been appropriated to the Use of Congress, we suppose there cannot 
be any Objection to furnishing M*" Davidson with the Bills 



Friday 19* May 1780 Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on yesterday. May 19 

In Virtue of An Act of the General Assembly of this State entitled ^' ^^ 
An Act to prohibit for a limited Time the exportation of Wheat, 
Flour, Rye, Indian Corn &'^^ Permission is hereby given to Capt 
Thomas Smith to transport from this State to the Islands of Ber- 
muda three hundred Bushels of Indian Corn in the Sloop Hope for 
the Relief of the Inhabitants of the said Islands, Provided the said 



178 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Captain Thomas Smith, his Officers, Passengers and Crew previous 
No. 23 tQ his Lading on board of the said Vessel any Corn, shall take the 
Oath prescribed by the if^ Section of the Act above mentioned. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Henry 
Gaither i Camp Kettle, i Buckett 4 Scaines Marline for the use of 
the Hospital in this City and also to John Pierce, Samuel Pierce, 
John Denoon, Recruits for the 6*^ Regim* and to Fra^ Whitacre a 
Recruit for the i'' Regim* each a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allow^ed 
by the late Acts of Assembly. 

Liber C C [Council to Colo. Henry Hollingsworth] 

p." 105 S^^ Having wrote to the Commissioners the 2'^ Ins* to deliver 
agreeably to a late Resolution of the General Assembly, to M"" Smith 
or his Agent or Deputy, all the Wheat and Flour seized in their 
Hands, we expect the Dispute between M'' Veazey and the Commis- 
sioners of Cecil will be readily adjusted and that any Quantity which 
has been made use of will be replaced. If the Ship Stuff you mention 
can be made into Bread proper for the Army or Shipping we think 
your Scheme would be most advantageous to the State and in that 
Case, request you to have all that can be conveniently delivered at 
the Bake Houses, baked without Delay and on the best Terms you 
can make. The Act for an immediate Supply &''^ directs the Commis- 
sioners to give Certificates for the Expences of Carriage ; that is the 
only Mode and the Commissioners are the proper Persons to apply 
to, for Payment of Freight 

[Council to President of Congress] 

Sir We have the Honor of enclosing your Excellency two Reso- 
lutions of the General Assembly of Maryland to which we beg your 
Attention that they may be carried into Execution 

[Council to Rich'd Dallam Esqr] 

Sir We request you to carry the enclosed Resolution of the Gen- 
eral Assembly into Execution. The Corn, Rye and Flour at Wrights 
Ferry are in a perishable and insecure State, therefore require your 
immediate Attention. If you find no Continental Deputy Quarter 
Master at York Town, we wish the Corn deposited by M"' Beatty at 
that Post, may be also sold 

Liber C B Monday 22<i May 1780 

mS 22 Present as on Friday. 
P- 156 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Murphy 
a Recruit for the 6*'' Reg' and also to Joshua Atkins a Recruit for the 
2^ Regim' each a Suit of Cloaths, the Bounty allowed by the late 
Acts of Assembly. 



of the Council of Maryland. iy<j 

That the said Commissary deliver to John Mantle of the 6'*" Regi- lJt>cr C B 
ment one Blanket to be charged to the said Regiment. ^"- ^^ 

That the western shore 'iVeasurer pay to Col" Uriah Forrest 
Eleven hundred Dollars the Bounties paid two Recruits, John Mur- 
phy and Joshua Atkins & for enlist^ them. 

[Council to Colo Henry Hollingsworth] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir We have received yours of the 19"' Ins* and request you to P- los 
have the Flour sent by M"" M*^Bryde, mixed with the Ship Stufif and 
baked into Bread proper for the Army or Shipping, without Delay 

[Council to Colo. Solomon Stympson] 

Sir We cannot conveniently send you any Money by M"" Jones as 
the Treasury is in a very exhausted State. We wish you to sell the 
Bags made for removing Corn, to the greatest Advantage, they will 
probably put you in Cash. The Storeage and Transportation of Grain 
ought to have been paid in Certificates. The Words of the Law are 
general and go to every Expence necessarily incurred in the Execu- 
tion of it. If the Deficiency of Grain was unavoidable and not by 
Neglects or Embezzlements, the Loss ought, in lustice to accrue to 
the State, if otherwise, the Persons employed should make it good 

[Council to Joseph Baxter Esqr Shfif of Baltimore] p. 106 

Sir We received yours of the 10*'' Ins' and have to lament that 
you should be so backward in your Collections. You must be mis- 
taken respecting the Collection of the 5f Tax, as the io£ is to be paid 
in, by the 10'^ July and the 5£ ought to have been paid before this 
Time. We request you will furnish M*" Poe, agreeable to an Order 
given him 

Tuesday 23''^ May 1780. Liber C B 

T^ 1 No- 23 

Present as on yesterday May 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt John ^' ^^ 
Lynch one hundred and seventy nine Pounds, ten shillings due him 
•p Ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn one thousand, one 
hundred and Eighty Eight Pounds, five shillings and the further 
Sum of Four hundred and nineteen Pounds fifteen shillings due him 
per Accounts passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Goldsmith, Six hundred 
and ninety six Pounds due him per Ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud*" 

That M"" Crisall deliver to M"" Muir 2 Hhds to pack up Medicines 
belonging to the Continent and to be charged to the Continent. 



i8o Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the Commissary of Stores deliver to David Willoughby a 

^°- ^3 Cont' Soldier in the Delaware Regim* with the Small Pox i shirt, 

2 Sheets, one Blanket and a Matrass to be ch*^ to the Continent and 

also to John Cheshire of the 7'^ Maryl"* Reg* i Blanket ch<^ to said 

Reg' 

Commission of Letters of Marque & Reprisal issued to Hugh 
Sherwood Com"" of the schooner Oxford 40 Tons burthen, navigated 
by 10 Men mount^ 6 Carr. Guns & 6 small arms belonging to Charles 
Crookshanks &C° of the State of Maryland. 



May 24 Wednesday 24* May 1780 

Present as on yesterday — 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Michael 
Rudulph of Major Lees Corps, one hundred and Fifty Pounds the 
Gratuity allowed to the Officers of this State in the Continental 
Army by the Resolution of the 4'*^ of Decem*" 1778 and seven hun- 
dred and Fifty Pounds the allowance made by the Act relating to 
the Ofificers and Soldiers of this State in the American Army &'='* 
passed the 22*^ day of July 1779 also one thousand Eight hundred 
Pounds to be delivered to Capt. John Rudolph and Capt Handy of 
the same Corps, each nine hundred Pounds in Virtue of the said 
Resolution and Act and agreeably to a Resolution of the 1 1''' April 
last. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Alexander Clagett Ten thousand 
one hundred and thirty nine Pounds fifteen shillings to be by him 
delivered over to Col° Moses Rawlings for the Garrison at Fort 
Frederick and to be Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Townsend one hundred 
and twenty seven pounds ten shillings due him "p Ace' passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to John Robinson and 
John Stokes Recruits for 2'^ Regim' each a Suit of Cloaths the 
Bounty allowed by the Gen^ Assembly. 

That the said Commissary Deliver to William Dudson a 9 months 
Soldier in the 7'^ Regim' Discharged the amount of Twenty nine 
Pounds, ten shillings in Cloathing due him by the Act of Assembly 
to Procure Troops for the American Army. 

That the said Commissary deliver to William Lynch 7 shirts, 7 p*" 
Shoes, 2 Knapsacks and 4 Blankets to be delivered over to Capt. 
Joseph Marbury of the 3*^ Regim' for Gen' Smalwoods Guard, also 
3 shirts, 3 p"" of Shoes, 3 Knapsacks and 3 Blankets to be delivered 
over to Capt. John Davidson of the 2'^ Regim' and also 33 Shirts, 
33 pair Shoes, 31, Knapsacks, and 14 Blankets to be by him delivered 
over to Capt. Joseph Marbury of the 3^^ Regim' for the following 



of the Council of Maryland. l8l 

Recruits for the said Re.^im' John Hewin & Michael Lavigna each Liber C B 

I Shirt, I p"' Shoes, Alexander Swan, Walter Glascow, Wilham ^°- ^3 
Hambleton, Henry Johnson, Thomas Drngh, John Goddard, Ch" 
Mattenly, John Ferrel, Charles Williams, John Courts, George Mil- 
lit, Thomas Ragan, Julius Mercer Nathaniel Knott, James Baley, 
Leonard Turner, Charles Goldsberry, John Drury, Nicholas Sissel, 
James Armstrong, John Scott, Francis Durington, William Robert- 
son Franklin, John Hughes Jesse Scmms, William Gates, John B. 
Haslip, Peter Sanguehart, Thomas Thompson, William Swann, & 
Joseph Thompson each i Shirt and i pair of Shoes, the Bounties 
allowed them by the Act of Assembly, the Blankets and Knapsacks 
to be charged to the Continent. 

That the said Commissary deliver to James Pope of the 3'' Regim' 
I Blanket to be charged to the said Regiment. 

[Council to Colo Samuel Smith] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir Not being able to ascertain the Wheat and Flour purchased p. 106 

by you for the Commonwealth of Virginia and seized by the Com- 
missioners under the Law for supplying the Army &*^^ we request you 
to give us what Information you can on this Subject, that Measures 
may be taken to restore or replace the Quantity seized. We have only 
to add, that Permits will be granted for the Exportation to Virginia, 
of what is wanting to make up the Quantity of Flour which, by a 
Letter from the late Governor and Council you were allowed to 
purchase 

[Council to William Smith Esqr] 

Sir In Consequence of your letter of the 13"^ Ult° we had Hopes 
that such Information would have been obtained and communicated 
to us of the Quantity of Flour in the Hands of your Agents, as to 
have enabled us, by turning over what was deficient of the 15000 
Barrels, to comply with the Resolve of the General Assembly. Being 
hitherto disappointed, we request you will give us the desired Infor- 
mation as Speedily as possible. In the mean Time whatever you can 
purchase, within the Quantity wanted, will aid us in carrying into 
Execution the Intention of the Assembly and in answering the Ex- 
pectations of the Agent of the Marine of France, to whom we have 
enclosed a Copy of this Letter 



Thursday 25"^ May 1780. Liber C 

T. 1 No. 23 

Present as on yesterday. May 25 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Ja* Brice Esq*" ^' ^^'^• 
five hundred & five Pounds in part of his Allowance for his Atten- 
dance in Council. 



1 82 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Permission given to Christ" Page & his wife to solicit Leave to 

No. 23 g.Q jj^^Q New York for the purpose of obtaining a Passage to C 

Britain not to return into this State during the present War without 

Leave of the Gov'' & Council for the Time being first had & obtained. 

Liber C C [Council to Hon'ble. Mr. Holker] 

p. 106 Sir Referring to ours of the 15*'' Ins* we think it would be Satis- 
factory to you to be informed of the subsequent Steps we have taken, 
relative to the Flour to be furnished for the Use of the Fleets and 
Armies of His most Christian Majesty in the West Indies, and have 
therefore sent you the enclosed. (The above to M'' W" Smith.) 



May 26 Friday 26*'' May 1780 

Liber C B ^ 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 

^' ^^ Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Ensign Caleb 

Mason of the 2'^ Regim* Seventy four Pounds, twelve shillings and 

six Pence due him p Ace* passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Randall four hundred and 
thirty six Pounds ten shillings and also the further Sum of ninety 
Six Pounds, fifteen shillings for the use of Lieut Edward Dyer of the 
2'^ Regim' -p Accounts passed by the Dep'' Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Doct. Thomas Parran one hundred 
and seventy Pounds due him p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Berry of the State 
Boat the Plater 2 Shirts, 2 p"" of Trousers, i Linen Jacket and i pair 
of Shoes to be delivered over to negro Michael the Property of the 
State. 

The State Boat Plater took in State Goods for the Troops in 
Virginia and to Act as a Convoy to Maj*" Lee's Partizan Rangers on 
their way there, one half to be ch"* to Cont. 

Proclamation issued for calling a Meeting of the General Assem- 
bly of this State on Wednesday the 7"^ Day of June next. 

Liber C C [Council to Capt Robert Berry] 



No. 22 
p. 107 



Sir You are to take on Board the Plater, the Stores M"" Randall 
will deliver to you and to proceed to Petersburg with them. As some 
Troops are now ready to depart, with the first fair wind you are 
directed to convoy them down. On delivering the Stores you are 
to return with all possible Dispatch 

[Council to John Hanson and John Henry Esqrs.] 

Sir — A Letter received yesterday Afternoon from the President 
of Congress, dated the ig**" Ins* advises that the State of Maryland is, 



of the Council of Maryland. 183 

at this Time unrepresented in Congress and " That Matters of great Liber C C 
Importance are now lying before Congress, which require the united ^'^- ^^ 
Councils and vigorous Exertions of all the States," at the same Time 
earnestly requesting that Maryland may be represented as soon as 
possible. We take the Liberty of enclosing you an Extract of a 
second Letter from the President, received by the same Opportunity 
which fully evinces the Propriety of the first and the Necessity of an 
immediate Compliance with the Request therein contained 

[Council to the Agents appointed to receive Loans on the several 

Counties] 

Sir The exhausted State of the Continental Treasury, arising 
from the Depreciation of the Paper Currency, the Backwardness of 
the States in furnishing their respective Quotas and the want of other 
effectual Resources, have induced Congress to solicit this State in 
the most earnest and pressing Manner to supply them with i. 234.350 
Dollars by the 15"^ of lune. This Money is our Proportion of ten 
millions of Dollars to be appropriated to the sole Purpose of bring- 
ing Our Army into the Field. The Recess of the General Assembly 
at this alarming Crisis and the Impossibility of convening them in 
proper Time to take Measures to comply with the above Requisition, 
make it incumbent on us to exert ourselves and to devise the most 
effectual Means in our Power to obtain that Sum. We are deeply 
impressed with the Necessity of putting our Army in motion and 
furnishing such Supplies as the Exigency and Nature of the Service 
require. In this Situation, no Mode so likely to procure the desired 
sum, within the Time limited, has occurred to us, as that of attempt- 
ing a Loan. We are the more inclined to think this Measure cannot 
fail of Success from a recent Instance, that the Contributions of some 
of our virtuous and patriotic Citizens have afforded us. We know 
such is the Virtue and Patriotism of our Citizens, that they will con- 
tribute their Money and exert themselves to the utmost, to relieve 
our Army and enable them to cooperate with our noble Ally in ac- 
complishing a Termination of the present War, and removing those p. loS 
Evils and Calamities which are incident to it. We request you to 
apply to all the Inhabitants of your County, who you think can and 
will lend Money on this important Occasion, shew them this and the 
enclosed Extracts of a Letter from Congress and conjure them by 
that Love of their Country and Desire of Independence and estab- 
lishing a permanent and happy Peace, which are the desirable Ob- 
jects we are contending for, to lend us all the Money they can spare, 
upon this trying Emergency. The Money you obtain, you are to give 
a Receipt for and to engage the Repayment of, with 6 p Cent Interest 
by this State, as soon as a Snfificient Sum of the present Assessment 
is collected to enable us to do it. We desire you to pay the Money 
to the Treasurer of either Shore, as fast as it is obtained. 



184 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C - [Council to the Members of the General Assembly] 

No. 22 

Sir You will perceive, by the enclosed Extracts of a Letter and 
Resolve of Congress of the 19* Ins' that our State is called on for 
1.234.350 Dollars their Proportion of ten Millions of Dollars, M^ith- 
out which the Army cannot be put in Motion. Congress have pointed 
out so fully the pressing and indispensable Necessity of an immediate 
Compliance with that Requisition, that we esteem it quite unneces- 
sary to superadd any Arguments to evince the Propriety of the As- 
sembly's meeting to adopt the most efficacious Measures for that and 
other Purposes of the greatest Moment. Nothing but the most im- 
portant Business could have induced the Governor to convene the 
Assembly so early as the seventh Day of June, and we hope that, and 
the Consideration that you may dispatch the Business in Time to 
return to Harvest, will influence you to meet on that Day without 
Reluctance 



p. 158 



May 27 Saturday 27''' May 1780 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Lieut Edward 
Duvall Eighty eight Pounds, ten shillings per Ace' passed by the 
Dep'y Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. Samuel Hamilton of the 6'^ 
Regim' five hundred and fifty five Pounds Due him per Ace' passed 
by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Charles Bivan seventy five 
Pounds p Account passed by the Dep'' Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker three hundred 
Pounds on Ace' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt Robert Berry Four hundred 
and twenty one Pounds, ten shillings due him per Ace' passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. Archer 20*^ Candles 
for the use of Maj"' Lee's Corps n6w on their way to the Southward 
to be charged to the Continent 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Ens. Jacob Crawford of 
the 2^ Regim' 13 Blankets, 2 of them for Recruits of the i^' 2 for 
the 2^ 2 for the 4"" 2 for the 5"^ & 5 for the 7'^ Regim' to be charged 
to the several Regim'® 

Permission is hereby given to William Bacon to solicit Leave of 
Gen' Washington or the Commanding Officer at Elizabeth Town to 
go to New York for the Purpose of obtaining a Passage to Great 
Britain agreeably to a Resolve of the House of Delegates of the lo"* 
of April last. 



of the Council of Maryland. 1H5 

Monday 29*'' May 1780 Liber C B 

Present as on Saturday except Dan' Carroll Esq"" May 2fj 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Tho" Boone one 
hundred & ninety one Pounds, five shillin}:^s for nursing- & taking 
care of David Willowby a Sold"" of the Del^ Reg' in the small pox 
to be charged to the Continent. 

Warrant issued directed to Capt. Robert Berry to impress a Vessel P- iS9 
for the Purpose of Transporting a Number of Officers of the Mary- 
land Line with their Bagage from the City of Annapolis to the Com- 
mon Wealth of Virginia to join the Maryland Division on their 
March to the Southward. 

[Council to Board of War] Liber C C 

^ No. 22 

Gent From the Representation of some of the Officers of the Mary- P- 108 
land Line, we are inclined to think that the peculiar Situation of that 
Division renders a further and an immediate Appointment of Offi- 
cers necessary, and therefore we wish, if it can be done with Pro- 
priety, that you will commission William Sim, Adam Jaimison, 
Joshua Rutledge and John Clarke, Ensigns in the fourth Regiment, 
strongly recommended by Col° Hall ; Edward Hamilton and John 
Brevit Ensigns, the former recommended by General Smallwood 
and the latter by General Gist and other Gentlemen. — Rigby, — Ed- 
miston and Ezekiel Harrey, for Ensigncies in the sixth Regiment by 
Col° Williams. We submit to your Consideration, whether at this p- 109 
critical Juncture, the Advantages arising to the Army from filling 
these Vacancies will not over balance any Inconveniencies which were 
apprehended from further appointments. In Consequence of our 
Letter of the 26'^ lan^ last, a Commission of Ensigncy issued to 
John Smith in stead of Edward Miles Smith ; we beg you will cor- 
rect the Error and believe us to be with Sentim'^ of Respect &ca 



Tuesday 30''' May 1780. May 30 

T, , , „ . ^ Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday, except James Brice Esq*" No. 23 

Permission is hereby given to Capt. Daniel Prudden to Transport ^' ^^^ 
from this State to the Islands of Bermuda nine hundred Bushels of 
Indian Corn in the Sloop Francis for the Relief of the Inhabitants 
of the said Islands. 

[Council to Thos Sellers Esqr Navl Offr at Balto.] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We enclose you a Permit for the Sloop Francis Cap' Prudden. p. 109 

to take on Board nine hundred Bushels of Indian Corn, to be trans- 
ported to the Island of Bermuda, which we request you to retain and 
that it shall not have Efifect until the Capt" and everj' Person on 



i86 Journal and Correspondence 

Liher C C Board the said sloop Francis shall take the Oath prescribed by the 
^" Gen' Assembly for that Purpose, a Certificate of which you will 
transmit 

May 31 Wednesday 31^' May 1780 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 

^" ^^^ In Virtue of An Act of the General Assembly " entitled an Act 
to empowef the Governor and the Council to sell the Public prop- 
erty therein mentioned " Commodore Thomas Grason is hereby dis- 
charged from the Service of this State. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Com° Thomas 
Grason one hundred and forty eight Pounds, three shillings and six 
Pence for the use of the men lately in the service of this State as "p 
pay roll examined and Passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Daniel Boyle of the 
2^ Regim' i Coat, i Vest i p*" Breeches and i p'' Stockings due to him 
for 1780 to be charged to the States. 

The Rev*^ M"" David Love is Recommended by this Board to his 
Excellency Gen' Washington or the Commanding Officer at Eliza- 
beth Town for his License to go into the City of New York for the 
Purpose of Obtaining a Passage to Great Britain. The said M'' Love 
is not to return to this State during the Continuance of the Present 
War between America and Great Britain, without the Leave of the 
Governor and Council for the Time being first had and obtained. 

Liber C C [Council to Colo Elijah Robosson] 

No. 22 
p. 109 Sir. We request you to have all the Indian Corn which you have 

engaged for public use, transported to this Place, as soon as you can 

do it with Convenience 

[Council to Mr. David Poe.] 

Sir. If, contrary to our Expectation, you have more Pork or Beef 
on Hand than you will have immediate Occasion for, we request of 
you to send ten or twelve Barrels of either by the Return of M"" Chal- 
mer's Boat 

Liber C B Thursday i^* June 1780. 

June^i Present as on yesterday. Daniel Carroll Esq*" Attended. 
p- 150 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Wool- 
ford of the 2^ Reg* 6 Suits of Cloaths and 6 Blankets for 6 Recruits 
enlisted by him, the Bounties allowed by the General Assembly. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Daniel Boyle late a Sol- 
dier in the 2^ Regim* Twenty Pounds, the Gratuity allowed by the 
Gen' Assembly for the year 1779 



of the Council of Maryland. 187 

Friday 2'* June 1780, Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as yesterday. June a 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores dehVer to Philip Howard 
of the 5*'' Reg. and to Robert Price of the 7"^ Regim' each i p' Over- 
alls, I shirt and i p' shoes and also to William Fennell of the 2'^ 
Regim' i p"' Overalls and i Shirt to be ch** to the Reg" 

That the said Commissary deliver to John Rivers of the i" Regim' 
I Shirt, I p'' Overalls & p"" shoes, to Henry Clarridge of 2** Regim' 
I p Shoes'", to John Hanson a Recruit for the 6'^ Regim' one Suit 
of Cloaths the Bounty alH by the Gen' Assembly, to Lieut Geo. Jacob 
of 6"' Regim' 3 yds Dowlas for lining & 2 p"" Stockings & to Capt. 
Horatio Clagett i p^ of Britta'' in part of the Articles all** by the 
Gen' Assembly. — 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serjeant John P- "^ 
Spicer of the 2""* Regim' i shirt, i p"" Overalls & i p*" Shoes and also 
to Lieut William Woolford of the 2^ Reg' Cloth for a Suit of Cloaths 
with Trimmings and Linen for 2 Shirts in part of the Articles al- 
lowed by the General Assembly. 

That the v^restern shore Treasurer pay to John Wilmot jun"" Five 
hundred and forty three Pounds due him p Ace' passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker one hundred and 
seventy nine Pounds and one hundred and Fifty Pounds due him 
p Ace'* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Hyde four hundred and 
sixteen Pounds, thirteen Shillings and four Pence for i m° Salary 
as Ass' Clk to Governor and Council due the i^' Inst. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Dorchester County pay to Lieut 
W™ Woolford of the 2^ Regim' Two thousand Dollars to be ex- 
pended in the Recruiting Service and to be accounted for. 

[Council to Conrad L. Wederstrandt Esqr] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir The Taxes have not as yet been collected to answer the Con- p. 109 

tinental Draughts on this State ; yet we fully expect to be enabled to 
supply you with a sufificient Sum of Money by the 1 5'*^ Ins' to pay for 
all Provision which you may purchase for the use of the Continental 
Army 

[Council to ] 

Sir M"" Wederstrandt delivered yours of the 27''* UIt° and we are 
sorry to be under the Necessity of informing you that from the State 
of our Treasury, he cannot at present, receive any Assistance from 
it, in Carrying into Execution the important Business entrusted to 
him. We have done every Thing in our Power, and beg Leave to refer p. no 
you to him. Our Assembly is to meet on next Wednesday ; we shall 



i88 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C lay before them your Letter, which will, doubtless, evince the Neces- 



No 



sity of immediately adopting effectual Measures for obtaining the 
Supplies, necessary at this critical Period. The Law prohibiting the 
Commissaries &'^^ from acting, without taking an Oath, having ex- 
pired, the Gentlemen in whose Favor you have drawn, will have no 
Difificulty on that Account 



Liber C B Saturday 3^ June 1780 

No. 23 
June 3 Present as on yesterday. James Bnce Esquire Attended. 

^' Pardon granted to Philip Verbill convicted in Baltimore County 

Court for Stealing a Hand saw. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas John- 
son 'y Cik to the Governor and Council four hundred and sixteen 
Pounds, thirteen shillings and four Pence due him for i Months 
Salary to the i^' Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Reith Messenger one hun- 
dred and twenty five Pounds due him for i Month Salary to the 
I"' Inst. 

Junes Monday 5'^ June 1780 

Present as on Saturday. Permission was given to Miss Eliz^ & 
Jane Christie to go to N. York 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt William 
Middleton Four hundred Pounds fifteen shillings due him p Ace' 
passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. George P. Keeports Two 
hundred and Eighty Pounds fifteen shillings on Ace' of Col° Nath' 
Ramsey of the 3'' Regim' and the further Sum of one hundred and 
twelve Pounds, ten shillings on Account of John Ross Surgeon of 
the 4''' Regim' due "p Ace'^ passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said George Keeports seven 
hundred and forty three Pounds, fifteen shillings for Rum, Sugar, 
& Tea Purchased of Philip & Jacob Graybill by M'' Randall p his 
order. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Edward Edgerly ninety 
Pounds for the use of Henry Clements and also Five hundred and 
fifty five Pounds for the use of Capt. John Smith p Acc*^ passed by 
the Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. W" Middleton Three hun- 
dred & seventeen Pounds, five shillings to be accounted for. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Paul Rone, Adam Roof 
& W™ Morris recruits for 2^ Reg' each a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty 
& I Blanket each. 



of the Council of Maryland. iHfj 

[Council to Richard Dallam Esqr] Liber c C 

No. 22 

Sir We have received yours of the 3'^ Ins' and shall expect an p. no 
Account of the Sales you made, as soon as it is convenient. No Time 
should be lost in securing,'- the IHour you mention, and as much more 
as you can possibly procure ; the Terms must be left to your Discre- 
tion. We have no Doubt but the Spirit of Avarice, or some thing 
worse, if possible, will raise the Price on the Public, as soon as it is 
known, that Article is wanted for Purposes necessary to our Preser- 
vation. The General Assembly is to meet the Day after To-morrow 
and we do not hesitate in giving every Assurance in our Power that 
Payments may be expected within the Time you mention, for every 
Thing which may be obtained for the Public. Inform us whether you 
have a Prospect of doing any Thing material 

[Council to Mr. Abraham Faw] 

Sir We have just received yours of the 31*' Ult° and as we have 
Reason to believe Beef will be wanted for the Army as soon as it is 
in proper Condition, we should be glad to treat with you for any you 
can have ready between this and the Middle of July, sooner if possi- 
ble. Inform us when and where the Beef may be received and the 
Price, as soon as you can ascertain it. We request your Answer as 
soon as possible. 

Tuesday 6* June 1780 Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. June 6 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut. Edward P- ^^' 
Edgerly 32 Shirts 32 p'' Shoes and 32 p'' Overalls for the Sick and 
Invalid Soldiers at the City of Annapolis belonging to the Maryland 
Division. 

[Council to the Comrs of Supplies for the several Counties] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Gentlemen The Intelligence we yesterday received from the Com- p. no 
mittee of Cooperation appointed by Congress, now with the Army 
accompanied by a Letter from His Excellency the General, point out 
so strongly the Necessity of supplying the Army immediately with 
Provision, of which they have a very scanty and precarious Supply, 
and likewise the fatal Consequences which may attend our not hav- 
ing ample Stores for the intended Co-operation with the Assistance 
daily expected from our Ally, that we must call on you in the most 
earnest Manner to inform us without Delay of the Provision you 
have procured under the Act for an immediate Supply &" By this 
Time, we have Reason to believe, this can be done with precision; p_ m 
it will be necessary the General Assembly should be informed of 
what you have been able to procure and what you have forwarded. 
The critical State of our Affairs will admit of no Delay, and we re- 



IQO Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C quest you to forward the Corn, Rye and Flour, with all possible 
^°- -^ Expedition to at You will procure necessary Vessels and 

Carriages for the Transportation to that Place. We have already 
directed you to restore or replace the Flour and Wheat seized in the 
Hands of the French Agents ; inform us particularly of what has 
been so seized and returned. If you have any Bran, Shorts or Ship 
Stufif, belonging to the Public, that cannot be conveniently delivered, 
it will be proper to sell it. 

[Council to General Washington] 

Sir We have the Honor to enclose your Excellency a late Resolve 
of the General Assembly of Maryland. The apparent lustice of the 
Claims of the Maryland Officers in the late Rawlings's and German 
Battalion, set forth in their Petition, induced the Assembly to enter 
into this Resolve. The Incorporation would obviate Inconveniencies 
to this State, in supplying its Officers and Men with Cloaths and 
other Necessaries, dispersed as they now are, yet the Expediency 
and Propriety of carrying the Measure into Execution is wholly 
referred to your Excellency's Consideration and Decision 

Liber C B Wednesday 7*'' June 1780 

p. 161 Present as on yesterday. 

June; Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John H. Stone 
Esq"" Two thousand one hundred Pounds in part of his Salary as a 
Member of the Council. 

That the said Treasurer pay to George Poe Eight thousand 
Pounds to be deliv*^ over to David Poe on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Beatty seven hundred and 
nine Pounds one shilling and three Pence for the use of Capt. Richard 
Hoff, three hundred and seventy five Pounds for the use of Jacob 
HoflF and also Two hundred and two Pounds ten shillings due him- 
self p Accounts passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah Forrest Two thousand, 
seven hundred and Eighty Pounds, thirteen shillings and Ten Pence 
to be delivered over to Col° Richard Dallam and to be by him Ac- 
counted for. — 

In Virtue of the Act for enlarging the Powers of the Governor and 
Council passed at November Session 1779 Permission is hereby 
given to Capt. James Buchanan to lade on board the Brig Fox a 
Cargo of Flour to be exported for the Purpose of Procuring Cloath- 
ing and other necessaries granted by the " Act entitled An Act relat- 
ing to the Officers & Soldiers of this State in the American Army 
and other Purposes therein mentioned." 

Commission issued to John Dennis, John Selby, Nehemiah Hol- 
land, Peter Challe and James Martin appointed Judges of the Orphans 
Court in Worcester County. 



of the Council of Maryland. 191 

[Council to Naval Officer at BaltimoreJ Liber C C 

Sir Enclosed you have the Receipt for Flour shipped from Balti- p, m 
more by Col" Sam' Smith for the Use of the Commonwealth of Vir- 
ginia. If the Receipt corresponds with the Exports, you will deliver 
up his Bonds lodged in ycnir Office, as required by his Permits. 



Thursday 8*"^ June 1780 Liber c B 

No. 23 
Present as on yesterday. June 8 

Messrs. Sam' Chase and Nich" Maccubbin from the House of ^' 
Delegates inform his Excellency that a sufF' number of members are 
met to proceed to Business. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. William 
Middleton six hundred Pounds on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. Walter Dyer of the 3^^ Regim* 
seventy Pounds ten shillings, and also seventy Pounds, ten shillings 
to be by him delivered over to Ens. Edward M. Smith of the same 
Regim' due them p Accounts passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Paca Esq*" Eight hun- 
dred and forty Pounds p ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

Pardon granted to John Barlow convicted at Fred. County Court 
for the Murder of a certain Thomas Cooper. 

[Council to Board of War] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Gent The Governor and Council have been very much embar- p. in 

rassed about the Cloathing due to the Men discharged from the 
Maryland Troops. Some few have been supplied on the Certificates 
of the Regimental Paymasters, but the Board did not think them- 
selves Sufficiently authorized to continue doing so, and the Resolve 
of Congress of the 16**^ Aug' 1779, received in a Letter from your 
Secretary of the 13"" March, confirmed them in that Opinion, as, by 
that, it appears Money is to be paid in Lieu of the Cloathing, by the 
Regimental Paymasters, out of the Military Chest. That cannot be 
done now w^ith the Men already discharged and the Board are 
anxious. Justice should be done them, therefore would be glad to 
receive Authority from Congress to pay for the Deficiency of Cloath- p. 112 
ing at the estimated Price out of the Money required from this State. 



Friday 9* Tune 1780. Liber C B 

, No. 23 

Present as on yesterday. June 9 

Ordered That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to Nicholas ^' ^ ^ 

Thomas Esquire Two thousand two hundred and Fiftv Pounds for p. 162 

3 Months Salary as Judge of the Gen' Court to the i*' of January. 



192 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the western shore Treasurer pay to Lieut. James Bruff one 
No. 23 hundred and thirty six Pounds, Fifteen shiUings due him -p Acct 
passed by the Dep^ Aud. — 

That the Commissary of Stores deHver to James Deverix of the 
6"^ Regiment one Suit of Cloaths the Bounty allowed by the Gen' 
Assembl3^ 

Liber C C [Council to Thos Donnellan, Thos. Beall, the Commrs at Balto. 

No. 22 Geo Town & Head of Elk] 

p. 112 

Sir In Virtue of a late Resolution of the General Assembly, a 

Copy of which you have enclosed, you are hereby appointed to re- 
ceive and store Provisions at and you are directed to deliver 
said Provisions to such Person or Persons as may be appointed by 
Congress to receive the same and the Order of the Governor and 
Council, advising us of the Quantities and from whence received. 
You are likewise to receive from the Commissioners of County 
the Flour and Indian Corn procured by them under the Law for the 
immediate Supply of the Army &"^^ of which you are to retain at 
your Post Bushels of Indian Corn Barrels of Flour and 
the Surplus, if any (of both or either as the Case may be) to convey 
without Delay to Col° Hollingsworth at the Head of Elk, advising 
us of the Quantities of each 

[Council to President of Congress] 

Sir We have the Honor of your Excellency's Letter by Post of 
the 29* May and 3'' and 6'^ of the Current Month with their Several 
Enclosures, Those of the 29*^ May & 3*^ June shall be immediately 
laid before the General Assembly and the latter shall be attended to, 
and the necessary steps taken to carry into Execution the Intention 
of the Honorable Congress. 

Liber c B Saturday 10*'' June 1780 

June 10 Present as on yesterday, 
p. 162 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Wil- 
liams one hundred and Forty four Pounds to be delivered over to 
Clement Wilson -p Ace* passed by the D. Aud. 

Liber c C [Council to Colo. Jno. Marshall, Thos Clagett, David Poe, Richard 
No. 22 Dallam & Hy Hollingsworth] 

Sir Congress have requested us to engage trusty Persons imme- 
diately to ride as Expresses from Young's Ferry to Philadelphia, to 
forward Intelligence in the most expeditious Manner to them. We 
think proper Persons ought to be engaged, who are to hold them- 
selves in Readiness to proceed with any Dispatches that may be 



p. 112 



of the Council of Maryland. 193 

delivered to them for Congress and desire you would employ a fit hWntr C C 
and trusty Person to be always prepared at Baltimore Town to Bush ^"' " 
Town. We have requested Col" Dallam to receive the Dispatches 
at Bush Town and to send them on to Col° Hollingsworth at the 
Head of Elk, who is directed to forward them to Philadelphia. 

[Council to Governor of Virginia] p. 113 

Sir Agreeably to the Resolution of Congress of the 5* Ins' we 
have directed that trusty Persons be immediately stationed at con- 
venient Distances on the Main Road leading from Young's Ferry 
on Potowmack River to Philadelphia to convey to Congress with 
the utmost Expedition any Intelligence your Excellency may receive 
of the Arrival of the French Fleet on the American Coast. The 
Express at Young's Ferry, will hold himself constantly in Readiness 
to receive your Excellency's Dispatches 



Monday 12^'^ June 1780 Liber C B 

No. 23 

Present as on Saturday. J""f '^ 

■' p. 162 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to His Excellency 
Thomas Sim Lee Esquire Seven hundred and fifty Pounds in part 
of his Salary due 8* of May. 

[Council to Colo. Henry Hollingsworth] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We have this Day purchased of Captains Matthew Wells and P- "3 
Jacob Cunes of the steady Friends, between twelve and thirteen 
Thousand Pounds of Bacon and 5 Barrels of Pork, which they have 
engaged to be good and to deliver it to you. You will examine it and 
only take such Quantities as will answer to this Engagement. The}- 
may want to purchase Goods at the Head of Elk. if so, you will be 
pleased to be answerable for them to the Amount of the Meat you 
take, and the Money shall be paid you on Demand. You will give a 
Receipt for the Quantities of each and certify the Amount of the 
Goods for which you engage 

[Council to Thomas Donellan] 

Sir We have Occasion for a Quantity of Bacon, and request you 
to purchase immediately on Credit any Quantity, not exceeding 
30,000** on the best Terms you can. The General Assembly will, we 
doubt not, make Provision for the immediate Payment thereof, and 
every Thing in our Power will be done to forward the Payments 
for these Contracts. 

13 



194 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Committee of Cooperation] 

No. 22 

Gent. We have been honored with your Letters of the 2^ ult" 
with their Enclosures, which were laid before the General Assembly 
of this State, the 8"" Ins* the Day of Meeting. Yours of the 2^ of the 
current Month reached us this Moment, we shall immediately com- 
municate it to the Legislature and take the earliest Opportunity of 
informing you of the Fate of the Requisitions therein contained 

p. 114 [Council to Gen'l Washington] 

Sir We have this Moment had the Honor of receiving your 
Excellency's Letter of the 2'^ Instant, also a Letter of the same Date 
from the Honorable Committee of Cooperation, both of which we 
communicated to the General Assembly of this State now sitting. 



Liber C B Tuesday 13*'' June 1780. 

No. 23 ^ , 

June 13 Present as on yesterday. 

p. 162 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn. 

one hundred and Twenty four Pounds, two shillings and six Pence 

due him p Ace* passed by D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Boyle five thousand four 

himdred and twenty five Pounds due him p Ace' passed by the Aud. 

Gen' 

Liber C C [Council to Henry Dickinson Esqr, Treasurer of the E. Shore] 

p. 114 Sir It is necessary the Money in the Eastern Shore Treasury 
should be immediately lodged in the Treasury of the Western Shore. 
We therefore request you to send by M"" M'^Hard, all the Public 
money in your Hands 

[Council to John Page Esqr.] 

Sir — We are informed that you have a Quantity of Pork, which 
you purchased for the Army. We are much in Want of that Article 
and if you still have it on Hand and will order it immediately to the 
Head of Elk and delivered to Col° Hollingsworth, we will pay you 
the Purchase Money and for your Trouble 

[Council to Commissioners of Frederick County] 

Gentlemen. It is of so great Importance, at this Time, that all 
the Provisions procured under the " Act for an immediate supply 
of the Army &" should be forwarded in the most expeditious and 
secure Manner and tho' Baltimore is at a greater Distance from 
most Parts of your County than George Town, we are of Opinion 
it would sooner reach the Head of Elk, if sent to Baltimore, and be 
more safely conveyed from thence, and we request this may be done 



of the Council of Maryland. 195 

[Council to Capt John Swan J Li»>er C C 

Sir We have received yours of the 11'" anrl are of Opinion with 
you, it would be more eligible to wait the Result of Col" Ramsay's 
Application for a Flag, rather than engage W Smith's Brig at a 
certain and heavy Demurrage. 



Wednesday 14"' Tune 1780 Liber C B 

-^ -' ' No. 23 

Present as on yesterday. ■^""^'^ 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Chalmers 

seventy five Pounds p Ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Robert Berry Three hundred 

& twelve Pounds, fifteen shillings to be by him Accounted for. 



Thursday 15"" June 1780. Liber C E 

No. 23 
Present as on yesterday. June 15 

Ordered That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. Joseph 
Middleton i Barrel Beef or Pork for the Crew of the Continental 
Ship Chase. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Robert Berry Sail 
Cloth sufif' for a Foresail and Tar Pauling for the Boat Plater. 

That M*" John Shaw deliver to the said Capt Berry Rope suff' for 
Boltroping the Foresail of the Plater. 

Commission issued to Francis Porter appointed Ens. of Capt. 
Dawsons Comp^ in the 38'^^ Battalion of Militia in Talbot County. 

[Council to Thos Richardson Esqr] Liber C C 

Sir In Answer to your Letter of the 10*'' Ins' we can only say p. 115 
that we had given Orders and taken every effectual Step in our 
Power to have the Provision and Forage which was collected in the 
several Counties conveyed to the Head of Elk, except such Quanti- 
ties as were ordered by the Commander in Chief to remain at George 
and Baltimore Towns ; we are truly sensible o fthe Necessities of 
our Army and shall do every Thing within our Reach to relieve them. 

[Council to the Commrs of the several Counties] 

Gentlemen The General Assembly have passed an Act this Ses- 
sion, by which the Power and Authority delegated to the Commis- 
sioners of the several Counties respectively by the Act for the 
immediate Supply &^^ to hire or impress Vessels & Carriages for the 
Purpose of transporting Flour and other Provisions by them ob- 
tained is revived and continued until the End of the next Session of 



196 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C Assembly. It is provided, in Case of Loss to the Owner of any 
^^ Carriage or Vessel, the same shall be ascertained and paid for con- 
formable to the Directions of the late Act. If any Commissioner has 
departed this Life, the surviving Commissioners are empowered to 
take into their Possession and Care, all the Flour and other Provi- 
sions procured by him. The Flour and other Provisions in your 
Possession are to be conveyed, with all possible Expedition to the 
Head of Elk 

N. B. To the Comm" of Harford — excepting such Part of the 
Flour as is most convenient to Baltimore Town, which we request 
you to deliver to M*" Donnellan at that Place 



Liber C B Friday 16* June 1780. 

June 16 Present as on yesterday, 
p. 162 Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to John Muir Esq*" 
three hundred & thirty eight Pounds, fifteen shillings on Account. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to William John- 
son a Recruit for the 2'^ Regim' a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty and one 
Blanket. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Joseph Williams six 
thousand Pounds due him "p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 



Liber c C [Council to Richard Dallam Esqr] 

P 



jjg Sir We have received yours of the 7"^ & 14*'' Ins* A Law is passed 



for obtaining a Loan, which will be shortly published and every 
Person willing to serve his Country that way, M^ill know the Terms, 
and your Friends have an Opportunity of lending the Money due 
them from the State. We cannot say any Thing particularly about 
the Provision you mention ; the Subject is before the General Assem- 
bly. By this Time, it is probable you can ascertain the Quantity of 
Provision you have procured by Purchase, and by the Comm", by 
Certificates, and what has been forwarded. We wish this to be done, 
likewise to know what you have purchased, agreeable to our late 
Request, and what you may reasonably expect to obtain. 

p. 116 [Council to Thomas Donellan] 

Sir We have Occasion to deliver to M"" W" Smith, Flour to a 
considerable Amount, We expect the Commissioners of Frederick 
and Baltimore will immediately deliver you a Quantity; and the 
Harford Comm" are likewise directed to send to you the Flour in 
their Hands most convenient to Baltimore Town, the whole of which 
we request you will deliver to M"" Smith, if it should not exceed 
3000 Barrels ; if it should, you are to retain the Excess, and advise 
us of the exact Quantity 



of the Council of Maryland. 197 

[Council to Honble Mr Holker] U\,tr C C 

N'o. 22 

Sir Your Letter of the lO*** June we have received and shall en- 
deavour to have the Quantity of Flour you think necessary for the 
Use of the Fleet, lodged with M"" Smith, as speedily as possible. If 
it should not be in our Power (which we hope will not be the Case) 
to furnish the whole, agreeable to the Resolve of the General Assem- 
bly, as soon as there may be a Demand for it ; that the Fleet may not 
be disappointed of the Supplies expected from us, we will give M' 
Smith every Assistance necessary to accelerate his Purchase ; we shall 
not have Occasion for any Bills. Your being at a Loss how we could 
be under any Difficulty in ascertaining the precise Quantity of Flour 
purchased for the Use of the French Marine, we can but attribute 
to the mistaken Opinion entertained by you, that the whole was 
seized by our Commissioners ; if it had been so, we should not have 
applied to your Agent, M'' Smith, for Information on that Subject 

[Council to William Smith Esqr] 

Sir We yesterday received a Letter from M"" Holker, of the 10''' 
Ins' requesting us to comply with the Resolve of the General Assem- 
bly with all possible Speed and to place 4 or 5000 Barrels of Flour 
in your Hands for the use of the French Fleet. It gives us Concern 
that, from the Irregularity of the Returns made to us by the Com- 
missioners and the Uncertainty we are under of the Quantity for- 
warded, we cannot point out where and from whom the Deficiency 
may be received immediately. M*" Donnellan receives the Flour from 
the Commrs of Baltimore and Frederick Counties who have had 
Orders to send it down without Delay. This we have directed him to 
place in your Hands as fast as it comes down, but as this probably p. 117 
will not be sufficient we have wrote to the Commissioners of Harford 
to reserve the Flour most convenient to Baltimore to be delivered to 
M'' Donnellan, who is directed to apply it, or Part thereof, that Way. 
We shall still remain under an uncertainty about Deficiency as we 
do not know what you have lately purchased, and request you to 
inform us likewise of what was exported before the Act for the 
Supply of the Army & if any, and of what has been returned by the 
Commissioners of the 15000 Barrels. This probably might be done 
best, by conversing with you, as we might mutually give Information 
on the Subject. The Importance of this Business, which we must 
all desire to have closed, induces us to wish you to ride down, if 
convenient 

Saturdav 17*^ Tune 1780. June 17 

' ' ■' ' Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. No. 23 

Permission is hereby given Capt. Perient Trott to Transport from 

this State to the Islands of Bermuda three hundred Bushels of Indian 



198 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Corn in the Schooner Truce for the Relief of the Inhabitants of the 
^°- 23 said Islands. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Elizabeth Sharpe 
Fifty one Pounds, ten shillings due her p Ace* passed by the D. Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Richard Davis of 
the late Rawlings's Regim' a Suit of Cloaths the Allowance by the 
late Act of Ass^ 

That the Collector of the Tax for Talbot County pay to Thomas 
Skinner appointed by this Board a Recruiting Officer for said County, 
three thousand Doll''^ to be by him expended in the Recruiting Serv- 
ice and Accounted for. 

Liber C C [Council To the Commrs for seizing Grain] 

No. 22 
p. 117 Gent" Enclosed you have a Copy of an Act for reviving and con- 
tinuing certain Powers delegated to the Commissioners under the 
late Act to procure an immediate Supply of Flour &'=^ 

The Flour & other Provisions in your Possession are to be con- 
veyed with all Expedition to and delivered to — 

[Council to Col Robt. T. Hooe at Alexandria] 

Sir Congress have requested us to engage trusty Persons imme- 
diately, to ride Expresses from Alexandria to Philadelphia, to for- 
ward to them, the Intelligence which may be brought to that Place 
from Governor Jefferson. Convinced of your Zeal and Alacrity in 
forwarding Measures of public Utility, we do not hesitate in solicit- 
ing your Aid on this Occasion ; therefore beg you would employ a 
fit and trusty Person to be in constant Readiness to receive and bring 
forward to this Board with the utmost Expedition, any dispatches 
which may be lodged with you by Order of the Governor of Vir- 
ginia. Every Expence attending this Business, we will thankfully 
pay and are 

[Council to Governor Jefferson] 

Sir Before we were honored with your Excellency's Letter of 
the 14*^ Ins* we had, in Pursuance of the Resolution of Congress 5'*^ 
established a Line of expresses extending from Young's Ferry on 
p. 118 Patowmack to Philadelphia, and wrote immediately by Post, advis- 
ing you of it, and that the Rider at Young's Ferry would be in con- 
stant Readiness to receive your Excellency's Commands. To keep 
up the Line of Communication already established by you, we have 
requested Col° Hooe to procure a trusty Person and Station him at 
Alexandria to receive your Dispatches and shall countermand the 
Orders, by which we had established a different Line. We shall take 
the first Opportunity of forwarding the Letter to the President of 
Congress. 



of the Council of Maryland. 199 

[Council to Adam Muir Esqr. Nav'l Ofifr G^ Dist] Lif^r C C 

N'o. 22 
Sir The Enclosure is a Permit for Cap' Perient Trott, to trans- 
port to the Islands of Bermuda, in the Schooner Truce, three hun- 
dred Bushels of Indian Corn, for the Relief of the Inhabitants of the 
said Islands ; which we request you will retain and that it shall not 
have Effect until every Person on Board said Vessel, as well as the 
Captain, take the Oath prescribed by the Act of Assembly in such 
Case, a Certificate of which you are to transmit to Y"" Humble Servts. 



Monday 19'^ June 1780 June 19 

Present as on Saturday. ^°-, ^3 

Commissions of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to Wil- 
liam Thomas Commander of the Schooner Freemason, 70 Tons 
burthen navigated by 14 men mounting 6 swivel Guns belonging to 
Archibald Patison &C° of Maryland, to Clement Warring Comman- 
der of the Brig Duke of Lienster 70 Tons burthen, navigated by 
14 men, mounting 4 Carriage Guns, belonging to Charles Crook- 
shanks and Comp=' Maryland, and also to Joseph Farribault Com- 
mander of the Brig Porgie 90 Tons burthen navigated by 20 Men 
mounting 4 Carriage Guns belonging to Sam' Smith &C° of 
Baltimore. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Gustavus Horner 
of this State Surgeons Mate in the Hospital Department one hun- 
dred and Fifty Pounds the Gratuity allowed by the Resolution of 
the General Assembly of Decern'' 11. 1778 and also Two thousand 
Dollars in lieu of Articles allowed by the Act relating to the Officers 
and Soldiers of this in the American Army &" passed July 1779 and 
agreeabh^ to a Resolution of the Gen' Assembly of June 17'^ 1780. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Daniel Jenifer Esq*" to be Delivered 
over to Daniel Jenifer of this State Surgeon in the Hospital Depart- 
ment, one hundred and Fifty Pounds the Gratuity and also two thou- 
sand Dollars allowed him according to the above mentioned Reso- 
lutions and Act of the General Assembly. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Edward Prall of the i^' 
Regim' Two thousand Two hundred and fifty Dollars to be ex- 
pended in the Recruiting Service & accounted for 

That the issuing Commissary deliver to John Davidson 8 hhds 
and 3 Tierces or 10 hhds if there are no Tierces. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Gustavus Horner of 
this State in the Hospital Department 3^ yds Cloth, 3 yd* Linen for 
lining, 3 yds Shalloon with Trimmings & Linen for 2 Shirts agree- 
ably to a Resolve of 17 June 1780. and to Capt. Edw*^ Prall of i^' 
Reg' I p' Brittanies in p' of the Article ^."^ 



B 



200 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Colo John Marshall, Young's Ferry & Thomas Clagett, 
No- ^22 Piscataway] 

Sir We have, since writing to you, received Information from 
the Governor of Virginia, that he had established a Line of Ex- 
presses, by the Way of Alexandria, to Philadelphia, which renders it 
unnecessary to have one in Readiness at Young's Ferry : we there- 
fore request you to discharge the Rider you may have fixed at that 
Post 

Liber C B Tuesday 20*'' June 1780 

No. 23 
June 20 Present as on yesterday. — 

^' ■^ '^ Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas John- 
son j*" Forty five Pounds for so much Money advanced by him to 
Archelaus Yancy for the Purpose of defraying his Expences to 
Virginia on an Express 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jesse Hollingsworth Six thousand, 
six hundred and forty six Pounds for 204^} Bohea Tea bought of 
him by M"" John Randall State Agent & for which he gave an Order 
dated 17* May 1780 — 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson Jun'' Thirty 
Pounds p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jesse Littell Seventy five Pounds 
due him -p ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Edward Prall of 
the i^' Regim* Cloth for a Jacket and Breeches with Trimmings, 
to Lieut Edward Edgerly of the 2^ Regim' Cloth for a Jacket and 
Breeches with Trimmings in part of the Articles allowed them by 
the General Assembly. 

That the said Commissary deliver to William Moore a soldier in 
the 2^ Regim* i shirt, to be charged to the said Regiment 

Liber C C [Council to Mr. Thomas Donellan] 

p'lig Sir, We have purchased 200 Barrels of Shads and Herrings of 
M"" Jon^ Hudson ; you will receive them and send 70 Barrels of each, 
by the Dolphin, Cap* Middleton to Col° Hollingsworth at the Head 
of Elk, 30 to this City, and retain the Residue for the Use of the 
Continental Troops that pass through your Town 



Liber c B Wednesday 21*' June 1780 

June 21 Present as on yesterday 
P" ^^4 Commissions issued to Vachel Downes app*^ Major. James Hud- 
son Graves i Lieut of Capt. Jacob Walters Comp and James Nevil 
Ens of Capt John Seneys Comp^ belonging to the S**' Battalion of 
Militia in Queen Anns County 



of the Council of Maryland. 201 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Col" Normand Liber C B 
Bruce one hundred and forty six Pounds, five shillings and Eighty ^^ 
one Pounds due him p Accounts passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

[Council to Mr. Thos Donellan] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We wrote you yesterday to receive 200 Barrels of Fish, which p. 118 

we had purchased of M"" Hudson, we request you will have them care- 
fully examined before you receive and send them away 

Thursday 22^ June 1780 Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday June 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Wilmot ^' '"^ 
Two hundred Pounds for the Purpose of defraying his Expences on 
an Express to His Excellency Gen' Washington on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Smoot Esq"" Twenty two 
Pounds ten Shillings for the use of Tho^ Hinks per Ace' passed by 
the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Duckett Two hundred and 
seventy four Pounds, three shillings Bal^ of Account passed by the 
Dep5^ Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Marshall Galloway of 
the 3"^ Regim* i shirt & i p*" Linen Overalls to be charged to said 
Regim' 

Comni* issued to Zach^ Forrest app*^ Capt. in the room of John 
Smith. Zeph^ Forrest i L* John Smith jun*" 2 Lieut. Francis Brookes 
Ens. Barton Abell Capt in the room of Ignat^ Abell. Bennett Combs 
Capt in the room of John Greenwell, Ja^ Williams i L* Rob' Ford 
2^ U Jn° Heard Ens. of the Lower Batt. of MiP in S' Mary's County. 

[Council to Colo Richd Dallam] Liber C C 

Xo. 22 
Sir The Flour you lately procured at our Request, we desire you p. 119 

will immediately deliver over to M*" William Smith of Baltimore 

Town, for the Use of the Marine of France, and inform us of the 

Quantity 

[Council to The Commrs of Harford County] 

Gent" We desire to be immediately informed of the exact Quan- 
tity of Flour you intend to send to M"" Donnellan, in Consequence of 
our Letter of the 1 5"^ current, and the Time when M"" Donnellan may 
expect it. 

Friday 23*^ June 1780 June 23 

.^ , Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday No. 23 

Commission of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to James P- ^^5 
Forbes Comm"" of the Brig Nisbett 125 Tons burthen, navigated 



202 Jotirnal and Correspondence 

Liber C B with 30 Men mounting 14 Carriage Guns and 20 small Arms, be- 
^°" ^^ longing to Robert Morris and John Nisbett of Philadelphia and 
Stephen Steward of Maryland. 

William Fitzhugh Esquire appointed Recruiting Officer for Cal- 
vert County. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John H. Stone 
Esq"" five hundred Pounds in part of his Salary. — 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Maw one thousand one 
hundred & Eighty five Pounds for Damages done his Hovtse. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Uriah Forrest one thousand five 
hundred and sixty two Pounds, ten shillings for 172 Months Salary 
as Aud. Gen' to the is**" Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson Jun*" one thou- 
sand and forty one Pounds, thirteen shillings and four Pence for 
the use of John Rogers Esq"" Chancellor due him for i Month Salary 
to the i^' of April last. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Mat Wells Thirty four thousand 
five hundred and Eighty nine Pounds, five shillings for Bacon & Pork 
purchased of Wells and Cunes by the Governor and Council and 
delivered to Col° Henry Hollingsworth at the H"^ of Elk p his Receipt 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Taylor Esq"" one hundred and 
two Pounds for the use of Aquila Parker due him p Ace' passed by 
the Dep'' Aud. 

Liber C C [Council to Presidt of Congress] 

No. 22 
p.' 119 Sir We have the Honor to acknowlege the Receipt of your Ex- 
cellency's Letter of the 15'*^ Instant; it was immediately communi- 
cated to the General Assembly of this State, now Sitting, who have 
the important Subject of it now under Consideration. 

[Council to Colo Henry Hollingsworth] 
Sir In Order to judge of the Quantity of Provision forwarded, 
under the Law for an immediate Supply of Flour &" it will be 
necessary to know what you have received aud from whom ; not only 
from the Commissioners, but from the Continental Purchasers. We 
have some of your Returns, but they are not compieat. Let us hear 
from you immediately on this Subject 

[Council to Mr. Joshua Stevenson] 

Sir We have received your Return by M"" W" Smith, by which 
it does not appear what Quantities of the Provision procured you 
have on Hand. We request you to give us immediate Information 
of what you now have and where, and to whom you have for- 
warded any. 



of the Council of Maryland. 203 

[Council to His Excy Joseph Reed Pennsylvania] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We received your Favor of the 16''' and have laid it, with the See I Pa. 
Resolution of your Excellency and Council, before the General _ ^^' ^"'' 
Assembly. As soon as the Result of their Deliberations thereon is Reed]s letter 
made known to us, we shall communicate it to your Excellency. We {he'^same 
are sensible that your Design in laying the Embargo, may be frus- volume at 
trated, unless a similar Resolution is adopted by this State, and 
therefore we should not liave hesitated, in tlie Recess of the Assem- 
bly, to have imposed such a Restriction as would have prevented the 
Evil suggested in your Letter. Nothing has a stronger Tendency to 
preserve that Harmony so desirable between our States, as mutual 
Endeavours to facilitate the Execution of Measures concerted by 
either for the general Good and being under that Impression, we 
shall, on every Occasion chearfully cooperate with your Board in 
furthering them. 



Liber C 



\>. 120 



Saturday 24'^ June 1 780 ^°^^^ ^ 



Present as on yesterday p. 165 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Frederick County pay 
to Capt. Mich' Boyer of the German Regim* one thousand five hun- 
dred and thirty seven Pounds, five shillings due him for his Recruit- 
ing Account and also the further sum of three thousand three hun- 
dred and fifty Dollars for the Recruiting Service to be by him Ac- 
counted for 

Commission of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to James 
Frazier Commander of the Schooner Dorchester 45 Tons burthen 
navigated by 10 men mounting 4 Carriage Guns & 2 Swivels belong- 
ing to Robertson Stevens & others of Dorchester County State of 
Maryland & also to Alexander Murray Commander of the Brig 
Revenge 120 Tons burthen navigated by 32 Men, mounting 12 Car- 
riage Guns belonging to John Muir & others State of Maryland. 

Commissions issued to William Moore app*^ Cap* in the room of 
Josias Shaw, Richard Cramphin i Lieut, Sam' Sheckles 2 L* Adam 
Craige Ens — Benjamin Harwood Capt. in the room of Joseph Jones, 
Richard Lyles i*' Lieut, Josias Belt 2'' Lieut. John Wells Ens. Rich- 
ard Duckett 2 Lieut & Philip Turner Ens. of Capt. James MuUikins 
Comp^ in the Upper Battalion, also to Samuel Hepburn app*^ Capt. 
in the room of Jn° Smith Brookes John Clarke Sprigg i Lieut. 
Richard Burgess j"" 2^ Lieut Edward Willet Ens. also to Zach* Berry 
Capt in the room of Clement Wheeler Mordecai Burgess i Lieut. 
Richard Hill 2^ Lieut & Thomas Marshall Ens. belonging to the 
Middle Batt. Prince Georges County. 



204 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber c C [Council to Mr. Abraham Faw] 

No. 22 

p- 120 Sir The General Assembly have now under their Consideration 
the Subject of Supplies of Provisions for Army, and we expect their 
Determination in a Few Days; we shall then have it in our Power 
to answer particularly your Letters of the 31^* of May and 18"* 
Instant ; in the mean Time we request you not to part with the Beef 
you have, as we expect to be enabled to take it. We are sorry we 
cannot, at this Time, transmit you an Order for the Sum you want 



[Council to Colo. Lodwick Weltner, German Regiment.] 

Sir It gives us much Concern that we have it not in our Power to 
furnish Cap' Boyer with the Cloathing Stores &*^^ agreeable to his 
Application and which the OfiBcers and Soldiers of your Regiment 
are entitled to. The exhausted State of our Treasury at this Time, 
renders it impracticable, but you may rely on it. Sir, that the German 
Regiment has not been forgot by us and that we shall, as soon as we 
are enabled, send forward the Necessaries to make them comfortable 



[Council to Mr. Thomas Donellan] 

Sir The Bearer Upsher King will deliver you 6 Barrells of Pork 
and a small Quantity of Bacon ; if good, we desire you to receive it 
and forward it to M"" Henry HoUingsworth, and inform us of the 
Quantity 

[Council to Colo Joshua Beall] 

Sir We have received your several Letters of the 22"^ Ult° & 21^' 
and 22"^ of the current Month. The Powder we request you will 
dispose of, in the Manner most advantageous to the State. We be- 
lieve it needless to suggest the Impropriety of allowing the Disaf- 
fected to purchase largely. The Militia Commissions are sent 
herewith by Col° Lucas, agreeably to your Request. Under the 16* 
Section of the Act for punishing certain Crimes and Misdemeanors, 
and to prevent the Growth of Toryism, we apprehend all Persons 
travelling through this State without a Pass or safe Conduct such as 
p. 121 ^s prescribed by the Act aforesaid, are liable to be apprehended and 
carried before a ludge or lustice for Examination and may be com- 
mitted to the public Goal, if an Offender against the Laws, or dan- 
gerous Person to this State, or the United States. The Case of 
Wailes, we think deserves Consideration, and the Substance of your 
Letter on the Subject shall be imparted to the Assembly in the Mean 
Time, we recommend a strict Attention to the future Conduct of a 
Man who has given too much Reason to render him suspected. 



of the Council of Maryland. 20$ 

Monday 26"' June 1 780 Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on Saturday. June 26 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Francis Raw- ^' 
lings j"" Forty Pounds due him p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Isaac M'^Hard Three hundred and 
Thirty pounds due him p ace* passed by the Dep'' Aud. 

[Council to President of Congress] LiU-r C C 

No. 22 
Sir The General Assembly have passed an Act for sinking the p. 121 

Quota required by Congress of this State of the Bills of Credit 

emitted by Congress, agreeable to their Requisition, and we are 

authorized to apply to your Excellency for new Bills sufficient to 

exchange for the Continental Bills that may be brought in ; We do 

therefore request such a Number as Congress may deem necessary 

for that Purpose. If Part could be immediately furnished, or in two 

or three Days, we wish the Bearer may be detained for the Purpose 

of bringing them down. 

[Council to Committee for Cooperation] 

Gentlemen We have the Honor to acknowledge the Receipt of 
your Favor of the 19**^ Ins* with a Copy of His Excellency General 
Washington's Letter relative to the important Subject of completing 
the Quota of Men, and furnishing the Provisions before required. 
We see and feel the Necessity of exerting ourselves to the utmost 
upon this very trying and critical Occasion and if our Power was 
equal to our Inclination, the Commander in Chief would soon be 
extricated from his present very disagreeable and embarrassing 
Situation, and be enabled to form the Plan of Operations to be 
pursued in Concert with the French Commander. We have im- 
parted the Contents of the Letters to the Assembly, and can assure 
you that they are truly sensible of the critical and distressed Situation 
of the Army, and the Difificulties and Embarrassments that surround 
the General and need no Argument to prompt them to the fullest 
Exertion of their Abilities 



Tuesday 27**^ June 1780 Liber C B 

_ .,,. , No. 23 

Present as on Yesterday. June 27 

Ordered that M"" John Shaw deliver to Capt^ William Middleton & P- ^^ 
Robert Berry of the State Boats Dolphin & Plater each 15I Cannon 
Powder 

That M"" John Shaw deliver to the said Capt W™ Middleton 13 
Stands small Arms, 40 rounds of Cartridges to each Stand. 6 Cut- 
lasses I quire Cannon Cartridge Paper and 3 p'' Pistols and also to 



2o6 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Capt Robert Berry for the Plater 12 Stands small Arms 40 rounds 
^^ Cartridges to each stand, 12 Cutlasses, 6 Pikes, and 6 p"" Pistols, and 
also to Samuel Chase Esq" 5 fathom of Match rope to be ref* or 
paid for. 

Commission of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to John 
Steuart Commander of the Schooner Molly 60 Tons burthen, navi- 
gated with 13 Men mounting 4 Carriage Guns belonging to Smith 
Johnson & Co. of Baltimore and John Stewart of Annapolis and 
also to James Buchanan Commander of the Brig Fox 80 Tons bur- 
then, navigated with 22 j\Ien mounting 8 Carriage Guns belonging 
to John Dorsey & C° Baltimore. 

In Virtue of a Resolution of the General Assembly of this date the 
Continental Treasurer is requested to exchange the Sum of fourteen 
thousand Dollars in Contin' Bills of Credit for the like Sum of Con- 
tinental Loan Office Certificates to be Lodged in the Treasury, the 
Money to be delivered to Stephen West Esq'' for the Accommoda- 
tion and convenience of his Excellency Governor Rutledge. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Robert 
Berry Three hundred Pounds to be by him Accounted for. 

Liber C C [Council to the Governors of Havana and Port au Prince, 

No. 22 separately] 

p. 122 

Sir In Pursuance of Powers delegated to us by the State of Mary- 
land, to export Flour and import Necessaries for the Use of the 
State ; we have laded the Brigantine Fox, Cap* James Buchanan with 
628 Barrels of Flour, which we have consigned and trusted to the 
Care and Management of Robert Dorsey Esq"" a Gentleman of Char- 
acter and Merit, who we particularly recommend to the Notice, 
Countenance, and good Offices of your Excellency. To enable M"" 
Dorsey to invest the Proceeds of the Cargo in the most desired 
Articles, we request your Excellency to give him Permission to pur- 
chase and export to our State, such European and West India Goods 
as he thinks will best answer the Purposes of the State. It is our 
most earnest Inclination to correspond with your Excellency and to 
keep up such an Intercourse as will be most conducive to the recipro- 
cal Advantages and Interests of the Governments over which we 
have the Honor to preside. We shall receive the highest Satisfac- 
tion in your Excellency's affording us an Opportunity of adding 
Instances to the Professions of profound Respect with which we 
have the Honor to be 81'^^ 



[Council to Colo. Robt. T. Hooe] 

Sir We request you to forward the enclosed by Express to His 
Excellency the Governor of Virginia 



of the Council of Maryland. 207 

[Council to Capts Berry anrl Middleton] Liber C C 

No. 22 

You are to proceed to Portsmouth in Virginia, taking under your 
Care and Safely convoying? the three Vessels with Stores to that 
Place from whence they may safely proceed to Milner's Lanrling, 
you will remain at Portsmouth and wait their Return to take on 
Board as many of Lee's Corps of Light Infantry as you can con- 
veniently and safely transport to the Head of the Elk. If these 
Troops should not be there or in the Neighborhood, so that you 
cannot transport them without being detained more than ten Days 
after the Return of the Vessels under your Convoy, you will then 
proceed to Emmerson's Landing on Wye River and take on Board 
a Load of Flour from M*" Hemslcy's Landing for this Place. The 
Object of the Business with which you are charged, is to convoy 
down these Vessels and back again with Safety. 



Wednesday 28"^ June 1780 Xo%^ ^ 

Present as on yesterday. ^^^H^ 

Ordered That the western Shore Treasurer pay to William ^lid- 

dleton three hundred Pounds on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker one hundred and 

fifty Pounds on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt Robert Dashiell Two lum- A langrage 

dred & forty Dollars the freight of 8 Bles. of Pork from Somerset ^ro%ctile 

County to the City for the use of the State. used for 

That the said Treasurer pay to His Excellency Thomas Sim Lee and rigging 

Esq'' Seven thousand five hundred Pounds in part of his Salarv to ^?^, J^"s 
^ , ^ - disabling a 

the 8"^ of May last ship 

That the Armourer deliver to Col° James Tootell 5 p"" Sweeps. 

1 5 i Langrage & 6 p'' Handcuffs to be paid for when called on at the 

Price which the Gov"" & Co' may agree on. 

Captain Berry and Middleton of the State Boats Plater and Dol- p. 167 

phin were employed in the Cont' Service as Convoys 

Commissions issued to John Hooper appointed Capt in the room 

of Shadrack Lyden res*^ Jesse Greyless Capt in the room of James 

Douglass, Bentol Stevens i Lieut, James Stafford 2^ U and James 

Ewing Ens. belonging to the 14''' Battalion of Militia in Caroline 

County. 

Thursday 29*'' June 1780 June 29 

Present as on yesterday. 

Commission issued to Gabriel Peterson Vanhorn appointed Col° 
of the Deer Creek Battalion of Militia in Harford County in the 
room of Ignatius Wheeler, — and also to James Rippath appointed 



2o8 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B 2^"^ Lieut of Capt John Seney's Compy in the 5**^ Battahon. James 
^^ Sliney Ens of Capt Jacob Ringgold's Comp^, John Rowles Capt. 
James Sudler i^* Lieut, James E. Carter 2""^ Lieut, & Charles Erreck- 
son Ensign belonging to the 20*'' Batt of Mil^ Queen A County 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to James Brice five 
hundred Pounds on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Dan' Carroll Esq*" five hundred 
Pounds on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Black Express from Phila- 
delphia one hundred and fifty Pounds to be charged to the United 
States 
Liber c C [Council to Capt. Geo. R. Keeports.] 

p. 123 Sir As we may have an immediate Call for all the Arms, Ac- 
coutrements Ammunition S:*^* belonging to this State, we request 
you to furnish us without Delay with an Account of the Number 
you have in your Possession and the Order they are in; if any are 
out of Repair or want cleaning we wish you to have them put 
immediately in the best Condition for the Field; to this we hope 
you will be particularly attentive 

[Council to Commrs for Washington County] 

Gent'" We are surprised to hear by Co' StuU that you did not think 
yourselves directed by the Law for an immediate Supply of Flour 
&*^* for the Army, to have the Wheat procured by you, manufac- 
tured into Flour. We expect this will be done without Delay, and that 
after delivering to Col. Rawlings what we may have Occasion for, of 
any of the Articles, to supply the Guard over the Prisoners, the 
Remainder should be sent forward and delivered to M"" Thomas 
Donellan in Baltimore Town 

[Council to The Lieutenants of the several Counties] 

Sir We request you to furnish us, by the first opportunity, with 
an Account of all the Arms, Accoutriments and Ammunition in 
your Possession, or in the Care of any other Person in your County, 
belonging to the State, If any of them want repairing or cleaning, 
we wish to have it done immediately, and we will pay the Charge 
thereof ; to this we hope you will be particularly attentive 



June 30 F"day 30* June 1780 

' No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 

p- 167 Ordered That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to Robertson 
Stevens one thousand five hundred and twenty four Pounds, fifteen 
shillings due him -p ace* passed by Dep^ Aud. 



of the Council of Maryland. 20g 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Shaw Two thousand Liber C B 
five hundred and fourteen Pounds, seven Shillings and six Pence ^°- ^^ 
due him p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

r Council to Mr. Charles Blakel IJ'>«- C C 

' No. 22 

Sir M'^ Earle having informed us that the French wheat seized P- '^-^ 
by you, is in a perishable State, we request you to deliver to the 
French Agent, what may remain in your Hands, taking his Receipt 
for the Quantity. If this cannot be done, it will be proper to send 
it to some Mill immediately to be ground up into Flour that will 
pass Inspection for the use of the French. 



Saturday ist July 1780 July i 

Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. p 167^ 

Commission of Letters of Marque & Reprisal issued to John Carey 
Commander of the Brig Hercules, 130 Tons burthen navigated by 
60 Men mounting 16 Carriage Guns belonging to Young, Knox 
and Comp^ of Baltimore 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Richard Talbot 
seventy two Pounds for his Services as Adjutant to the Elk ridge 
Batt of Militia for one year. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson Jun"" three hun- 
dred Pound for 2 Ream of Paper purchased by him for the use of 
the Public and also the further Sum of four hundred and Sixteen 
Pounds, thirteen Shillings & four Pence for i m° Salary as Cik to the 
Governor and Council due this Instant 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Swan Capt of Col° Baylors 
Corps, one hundred and fifty Pounds the Gratuity allowed to the 
Officers of this State in the Continental Army by the Resolution 
of the 4'^ of Decem"" 1778 and seven hundred and fifty Pounds the 
Allowance made by the Act relating to the Officers and Soldiers 
of this State in the American Army &*=^ passed 22*^ of July 1779 
and agreeably to the Resolution of the 1 1"^ of April last. 

Commissions issued to Brice Gassaway app*^ Capt. in the room of p. 168 
Basil Burgess Nicholas Aldridge i Lieut. John Rogers Ens. Vachel 
Burgess i Lieut. Philem° Burgess Ens. of Vachel Stevens's Comp'' 
belonging to the Elkridge Batt of Militia in Ann Arundel County. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Young 
lately a Soldier in the 7"^ Maryland Regim* now discharged Twenty 
Pounds in lieu of the Articles allowed by the Act relating to the 
Officers & Soldiers of this State in the American Army &" He hav- 
ing made Oath that He hath not received any part thereof 

14 



2IO Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Harding lately a Soldier in 
No. 23 j.j^g J St Maryland Regim* now discharged Twenty Pounds as afore- 
said. 

That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to John Brown Esq"" Two 
thousand, six hundred and seventy five Pounds, twelve shillings 
and Eleven Pence to be by him delivered over to John Thompson due 
him "p Account passed by the Aud. Gen* 

Leave given to M"^* Caldcleugh to return with her Child into this 
State 

Monday 3'' July 1780 

July 3 Present as on Saturday 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Graham 
four thousand four hundred Pounds for i hh** Rum Purchased of 
him by John Randall for the Use of the Maryland Troops p his order. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Reith Messenger to the 
Gov"" and Council one hundred and Twenty five Pounds for i mo 
Salary to the i^' Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Brice Lieut of Ann Arundel 
County one hundred and ninety Pounds to pay Expresses sent by 
him under the Act for the New Enrollment of the Militia and to be 
by him Accounted for. 

Commissions issued to Nicholas Brooks app*^ 2^ Lieut, and Thomas 
Blacklock Ens. of Capt Henry Hill J"" Comp^ Samuel Perri Wailes 
Ens of Capt. Benjamin Wailes Comp^ George Gantt i^' Lieut. 
Thomas Baden 2^ Lieut. & Benjamin Baden Ens. of Capt. Alexander 
Howard Magruders Comp^ belonging to the Lower Battalion of 
Militia in Prince Georges County. 



July 4 Tuesday 4*'' July 1780 

Present as on Yesterday 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj* Isaac 
Jones of the i^* Regim', i shirt and i pair of Overalls to be charged 
to said Regim* 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Adam Miller ninety 
Pounds for Milk Supplied the Hospital 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Moses Rawlings six hundred 
and Sixty Eight Pounds, fifteen Shillings due him p Ace* passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. James Bruff of the 6*'' Regim' 
four thousand Dollars to be expended in the recruiting Service and 
Accounted for. 



of the Council of Maryland. 211 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker Twelve Pounds Liber C B 
Bal" of Ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. ^°' ^^ 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Washinj^on County p- ^f>0 
pay to Capt. John Reid of a Comj/ raised by this State & stationed 
at Fort Frederick Four thousand Dollars to be expended in the 
Recruiting Service and Accounted for. 

Ordered That M"" Abraham Faw deliver to the said Capt John Reid 
20 Suits of Cloaths or such part as he may be able to Furnish. 

That M"" John Shav^ deliver to John Chalmers 13 Cannon Cart- 
ridges 

[Council to Mr. Thomas Donellan] Liber c C 

No. 22 
Sir M'' Poe informs us that about 100 Barrels of Shad & 60 Bar- p. 123 

rels of Herrings may be had ; we request you to apply to him to know 
the Persons who have them for sale, and purchase them on the same 
Terms which we gave M'' Hudson, both as to Price and Condition 
of Payment; you will have them carefully inspected before you re- 
ceive them and, if merchantable, you will have them transported to 
Col° Hollingsworth at the Head of Elk. You will deliver to M"" p. 124 
Poe such Quantity of Corn and other short Forage as will enable 
him to return such Quantity as he has borrowed for public use and 
also supply him occasionally with what may be necessary for that 
Post 

[Council to Mr. David Poe.] 

Sir In Answer to yours of the 3*^ Ins* we have to inform you that 
we have requested M"' Donnellan to purchase the Fish and to supply 
you with short Forage sufficient to enable you to return what you 
borrowed and to furnish you occasionally with the Quantity that 
may be necessary for your Post 

[Council to Colo. Richard Dallam] 

Sir Yours of the i^' Ins* we received and can only Say at present 
that you will not return the Flour received from McCan to M*" 
Smith, until we take further Order therein. We should readily 
transmit you the Money necessary to make you easy but it really is 
not in our Powers to command a Shilling. 



Wednesday s**" July 1780 juh- 5 

Liber C B 
Present as on yesterday. No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Margaret Chat- 
lain seventy five Pounds due [her] p ace' passed by the Dep-' Aud. 



p. 169 



p. 124 



212 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Charlotte Small one hundred and 
No. 23 j^jj^ seventy five Pounds due [her] p ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Ignatius Adams of 
the i^' Regim* i shirt, i p"" Overalls and i p"" shoes and also to Peter 
Hennesey, John Collins and James Murphy Recruits for the 2^ 
Regim' a Suit of Cloaths the Bounty alH by the Gen' Ass^ 

That the Collector of the Tax for Harford County pay to Richard 
Dallam Esq"" Ten thousand Pounds in lieu of an Order of the 15'** 
May on the Treasury ref^ this Day and to be Accounted for. 

Liber C C [Council to Colo. Richard Dallam] 

Sir We are much concerned it is not in our Power to relieve 
you from your distressed Situation; there is not a Dollar in the 
Treasury. We have enclosed you an Order on the Collector of Har- 
ford County for 10,000 Pounds, in Lieu of one of the Orders on the 
Treasurer of the 15"' May, for that Sum, and hope it will answer 
your Purpose. It is our earnest Desire the Collector would exert 
himself to supply you 

[Council to the Commissaries for Purchases in the several Counties] 

Sir The great Confidence we repose in your Integrity, Zeal and 
Activity in executing any Measure adopted by the Legislature to 
promote the common Interest, have induced us to appoint you Com- 
missary for Purchases for County to receive at any Time ante- 
cedent to the last Day of September next from any Person inhabiting 
within your County, such Articles enumerated in the Supplement 
to the Act for the Assessment of Property within this State, passed 
last March Session, as such Person may elect to pay in Lieu of the 
28 Pounds of Tobacco imposed by that Act on every hundred Pounds 
worth of Property. 

For your Direction in the Management of this Business entrusted 
to you, we have sent you a Copy of those Clauses of the Act, which 
relate to your Department. It is absolutely necessary that an extra 
supply of Provisions of the Bread Kind should be procured for the 
Continental Army with the utmost Expedition and for that Purpose, 
we direct you to buy up, in your County, all the Wheat, Wheat Flour, 
Bread in Barrels, Bacon, Salted Pork, and Beef in Barrels that can 
be obtained, and contract for the same in Paper Money, Tobacco, 
or Certificates, the Certificates to bear an Interest of 6 p C and to be 
discounted in the Payment of the public Assessment. To incline the 
Possessors of those Necessaries to dispose of them on reasonable 
Terms with greater Promptitude, it will be proper for you to inform 
them that, unless a sufficient Supply is purchased by a short Day, the 
Governor and Council are invested with Authority to order a Seizure, 
in the Manner heretofore made. Acquaint us by every Opportunity 



P-I25 



of the Council of Maryland. 213 

of your Success in purchasing, and we will send you such Sums of Liber C C 
Money and Tobacco as may be necessary. If yon can make your ' "' ^^ 
Contracts for Certificates, we prefer that Mode, 'til the present 
Assessments are collected and brought in. You have Copies of the 
Acts to procure an Extra Supply &" and to procure a Supply of Salt 
Meat &" We have selected one Letter from General Washington 
and two from the Committee of Co-operation, from many we have 
lately received on the same Subjects ; the enclosed Extracts from 
which, so strongly and pointedly evince the urgent and pressing 
Necessity of making the most vigorous Exertions to procure tho.se 
Supplies, that we deem it unnecessary to Superadd any Arguments 
to the reasons and Motives contained therein, to Stimulate you to do 
your utmost. We have already waded through a Sea of Difficulties, 
but our Distresses were never so alarming as at present ; the most 
manly Fortitude, Perseverance and Indefatigable Industry, are essen- 
tially necessary to retrieve our Affairs and free us from those Calami- 
ties which Supineness and a criminal indifference will involve us in ; 
we therefore exhort you, in the most earnest Manner, by that Pa- 
triotism, Love of Liberty and tender Regard for Posterity, which 
so eminently distinguished the Conduct of the virtuous Sons of 
America, in the Beginning of this Contest, not to cease your most 
unremitting Endeavors to carry into Execution the important Pur- 
poses of those Acts 'til the Army is amply provided with every 
Necessary. 



Thursday 6'^ July 1780 July 6 

Liber C 

Present as on Yesterday. No. 23 

■' p. 169 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to James Boyle one 
thousand three hundred and four Pounds five shillings for i Bble 
Sugar & I5i Bohea Tea Purchased by John Randall of Joseph Clark 
for the use of the Ofificers in the Maryland Line p M"' Randalls 
Order 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Smith Esq"" Two thousand 
six hundred and ninety eight Pounds, Two shillings and six Pence 
for the use of Calhoun and Gist due them for Cloth & Linen Pur- 
chased of them by John Randall for the use of the Officers of the 
Maryland Line. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John H. Stone Esq'' Five thousand 
nine hundred Pounds and also the further Sum of Two thousand 
Pounds in part of his Salary as a Member of the Council 

That the said Treasurer pay to Elie Vallette Esq"" one thousand 
Two hundred and fifty Pounds and the further Sum of Two hundred 
and seventy Pounds due him p Accounts passed by the Aud. Gen' 



214 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Friday 7* July 1780 

No. 23 
July 7 Present as on yesterday 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deHver to Lieut Edw"* 
Edgerly 5 Shirts 7 p'' Shoes & 5 p*" Overalls for so many men of the 
Maryl"* Division p ret. sent to Commissary 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Lieut Edw*^ Edgerly four 
hundred & fifty Dollars the Bounty to John Simmons enlisted by 
him. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Wilmot Two hundred Pounds 
on Account, 
p. 170 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Giles 
one thousand Pounds to be delivered over to Henry HoUingsworth 
on Account. 

Liber C C [Council to Colo Henry HoUingsworth] 

No. 22 . 

p. 126 Sir We have supplied M*" Giles with a Thousand Pounds, agree- 
ably to your Request. The Situation you are in for want of Money, 
gives us real Concern, as it is not in our Power to relieve you. 
We have sent by M"" Isaac McHard two hundred thousand Dollars, 
to the Continental Treasury and wish, for its greater Safety, that 
you would send with him, Giles or some trusty Hand to Philadelphia, 
by this Means you may have a Chance of procuring a Share of the 
Money. The Line of Expresses are, from this Place to M*" David 
Poe, at Baltimore, who will send the Dispatches to the Post Office 
at Bush or Harford Town, to be delivered to a Person there under 
the Direction of Col° Dallam, who is to forward them to you. We 
hope your Rider holds himself in constant Readiness, the Time may 
be near at Hand, when his Services will be required 

[Council to Charles Lee Esqr. Secretary to the Board of Treasury] 

Sir The Act entitled " An Act for sinking the Quota required 
by Congress of this State of the Bills of Credit emitted by Congress," 
passed the 12'^ of the last Month, a Copy of which you shall have, 
by the first convenient Opportunity 



July 8 Saturday 8 July 1780 

Liber C B _, 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 

p. 170 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Joseph Dowson 
two thousand one hundred and thirty seven Pounds, ten shillings 
due himself & C° for 475 i Coffee Purchased by John Randall for the 
Maryland Officers. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Isaac McHard Two hundred thou- 
sand Dollars to be by him delivered over to the Continental Treasurer 



of the Council of Maryland. 215 

at Philadelphia in part of the one Milhon 1"wo hunrlred and thirty Liter C B 
four thousand, tliree hundred anrl l'"ifty Dollars required by Con- ^^ 
gress of this State by their Resolution of the 19'^ May last. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Isaac McHard one thousand Dollars 
on Ace' That the said Treasurer pay to John King Two hundred 
Pounds on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jon* Parker one hundred & fifty 
Pounds on Ace* 

The following Persons are hereby appointed Commissaries for 
Purchases according to the Act. 

Harford County Richard Dallam 

Baltimore Abraham Risteau 

Washington Col° Moses Rawlings 

Frederick Col° Thomas Price 

Montgomery Thomas Richardson 

Prince Georges Jn° Smith Brooks 

Charles Daniel Jenifer 

St. Marys Joseph Ford 

Calvert Pat Sim Smith 

Ann Arundel Col° Edward Gaitlier 

Cecil Barruch Williams 

Kent John Voorhees 

Queen Anns Conrod. T. Wedderstrandt 

Talbot Col° James Hindman 

Caroline Nathaniel Potter 

Dorchester John C. Harrison 

Somerset Henry Jackson 

Worcester Joseph Dashiell 

[Council to Delegates in Congress] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Gent" We have sent by M*" Isaac j\PHard 200,000 Continental p. 126 

Dollars, to be delivered over to the Continental Treasurer in Phila- 
delphia, being in Part of the 1.234.350 Dollars required of our State 
by the Resolution of Congress of the 19"" of May last. We are much 
concerned it is not in our Power to comply fully with that Demand 
at this Time. When that Requisition was received, our Treasury 
was quite exhausted, owing chiefly to the continental Drains by 
Payments of considerable Sums, for the Use of Congress, the Assess- 
ments imposed, previous to the Resolution, have not yet been col- 
lected; the sum remitted was procured by Loan. We must request 
you to represent these Facts to Congress, and to inform them that this 
State, from a Sense of the vast Importance of complying with the 
Resolution to the Extent, have made every Exertion to procure the 
Money and that we shall not remit our Attention, til the whole 
is forwarded 



2i6 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Monday lo*^ July 1780 

No. 23 
July 10 Present as on Saturday. 

^' ^^° Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Joseph Ash- 
mead one hundred and twenty three Pounds seven shillings & six 
Pence for the use of L* Elijah Evans per Account passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Negro Perry Cooper 
belong^ to this State Oznabrigs suff* for 2 Shirts & 2 p'' Trousers. 

That John Shaw Armourer receive of Col° Uriah Forrest the 
following Arms & Accoutrements viz. 451 Muskets 451 Bayonets, 
441 Cartouch Boxes & 413 Bayonet Belts directed by the Board of 
War to be delivered by him for the use of this State. 

Liber C C [Council to Committee of Coo|)eration] 

No. 22 
p. 127 Gent" In Consequence of the Resolutions of Congress, Letters 

from his Excellency Gen' Washington, and the Committee of Co- 
operations, relative to Men, Money and the Supplies of Provisions, 
Horses and Waggons allotted to be furnished by this State, the 
General Assembly impressed with an adequate Idea of the wants of 
the army and the indispensable Necessity of providing in the most 
ample Manner for their Relief, feeling the Difificulties that surround 
and embarrass our worthy Commander in Chief, and impelled by 
that patriotic Zeal which has actuated their Conduct upon every 
trying Emergency, and anxiously Solicitous to free our illustrious 
General from his distressing and cruel Situation and to enable him 
to concert and execute such a Plan of Operations as his Wisdom 
may suggest, have passed the following Laws, " An Act to procure 
Recruits &" A Supplement to the Act to procure Recruits &'^* " An 
Act to expedite the raising an additional Battalion of Regulars " 
" An Act to procure a Supply of Salt Meat for the Use of the Army " 
An Act to procure an extra Supply of Provisions of the Bread Kind, 
also Waggons & Horses 81'^^ Copies of which we have the Honor to 
transmit, We have appointed Persons in the several Counties to carry 
these Laws into full Execution, and have directed them to inform 
the People, that the extraordinary Power vested in us by the Law 
(that of Seizure) will be exercised, unless they readily furnish those 
Articles, so necessary for the army. It is not in our Power precisely 
to determine and explicitly advise you what will be the Result of our 
Endeavours under those Acts, but we can with Confidence assure you 
that if the Abilities of our People and our utmost Exertions are 
competent to the Purposes intended to be effected by them, every 
Thing required will be supplied as expeditiously as possible, If we 
should fail of completing the Extraordinary Regiment within the 
Time limited, the Militia are to be ordered out to make up the Defi- 
ciency in the Manner directed by the Act, and then we shall have it 



of the Council of Maryland. 217 

in our Power to assist his Excellency with a Troop or more of Light Lil.»cr C C 
Horse, composed of some of our most respectable Citizens. You ^°- ^- 
will perceive by the enclosed Copy of an Act to encourage the rais- 
ing a Volunteer Troop of Light Horse &" that a Number of Gentle- 
men in Baltimore Town have offered to form themselves into a 
Troop of Light Horse and to furnish themselves at their own Ex- 
pence; this laudable and disinterested Conduct, we hope will be emu- 
lated by the Gentlemen of the several Counties in this State. We 
shall constantly correspond with and inform you of the Success in 
the Execution of the enclosed Laws, and give you full and Speedy 
Intelligence of all Matters that may tend to promote the Interest of 
the United States and assist the Operation of this Campyaign 

[Council to Sam'l McGee Esqr] p. 128 

Sir Col° Henry Hollingsworth has informed this Board that you 
have in your Hands a Quantity of Flour &'^^ belonging to the Public 
which you have refused to deliver, until you are paid for what has 
been delivered. The Assembly passed an Act the last Session to 
enable M"" Wederstrandt as a public Agent, in a Degree to Satisfy 
his Creditors, but whether the Measure will sufficiently answer your 
Purpose or comprehend your Case, we know not ; however as you 
are a good Whig and must have the common Cause at Heart, we 
trust that any Argument in Favor of an immediate Delivery of all 
the public Provisions in your Hands, would be unnecessary and 
Superfluous, after informing you that the army is now and has been 
for some Time past greatly distressed for every Species of Provisions 
and that we are ready now and shall be on all future Occasions, to 
do every Thing in our Power to lessen the Inconveniences which 
have unavoidably attended the public Purchasers in performing 
their Contracts. Our Treasury is entirely drained at present, but we 
have Reason to expect it will be replenished ere long ; then we shall 
with Pleasure furnish M'' Wederstrandt with Money agreeable to the 
Warrant in his Favor, after deducting such Sums as he is enabled to 
draw for on the Collectors. The Army must be furnished with Bread 
therefore we hope you will not detain the Flour and oblige us, against 
our Inclination, to exert the Powers with which we are invested by 
the Assembly for this Purpose 

[Council to His Exy Genl Washington] 

Sir In Consequence of the Resolutions of Congress, Letters from 
your Excellency and the Committee of Co-operation, relative to 
Men, Money and Supplies of Provisions, Horses and Waggons 
allotted to be furnished by this State, the General Assembly, im- 
pressed with an adequate Idea of the Wants of the Armv and the 
indispensable Necessity of providing in the most ample Manner for 



2i8 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C their Relief, feeling: the Difificulties that surround and embarrass 

No. 22 . 

your Excellency, and impelled by that patriotic Zeal and Love of 
Independence which have actuated their Conduct upon every trying 
Emergency, and anxiously solicitous to free you from your pecu- 
liarly distressing Situation and to enable you to concert and execute 
a proper Plan of Operations have passed the following Laws, An 
Act to procure Recruits &c^ " A Supplement to the Act to procure 
p. 129 Recruits &^^ " " An Act to expedite the raising an additional Bat- 
talion of Regulars," " An Act to procure a Supply of Salt Meat for 
the use of the Army " and An Act to procure an extra Supply of Pro- 
visions of the Bread Kind, also Waggons and Horses &'^* Copies 
of which we have the Honor to transmit. We have appointed fit 
Persons in the several Counties to carry these Laws into full Execu- 
tion, and have directed them to apprize the People of our Intention 
to make Use of the extraordinary Power, of Seizure, with which we 
are vested, if they do not readily and chearfully furnish those Articles 
so necessary for the Army. It is not in our Power, precisely to 
ascertain and explicitly advise you, what will be the Effect of our 
Endeavours under these Laws, but we can with Confidence assure 
you that if the Abilities of our People and our utmost Exertions are 
competent to the Purposes intended to be effectuated by them, every 
Thing required will be supplied as expeditiously as possible. We do 
not apprehend Failure in our undertaking to raise an additional 
Regiment within the Time limited, in Lieu of the Militia required, 
but if it should happen, they are to be ordered out to make up the 
Deficiency, in the Manner directed, and then we shall have it in 
our Power to assist your Excellency with a Troop or more, of Light 
Horse, composed of some of our most respectable Citizens. You will 
perceive by the enclosed Copy of an Act to encourage the raising a 
voluntier Troop of Light Horse &" that a Number of Gentlemen 
in Baltimore Town have offered to form themselves into a Troop of 
Light Horse, and to furnish themselves at their own Expense ; this 
laudable and disinterested Conduct, we hope, will be emulated by the 
Gentlemen of the several Counties in this State. We shall constantly 
correspond with and inform you of the success in the Execution of the 
enclosed Laws and give you full and speedy Intelligence of all Matters 
that may tend to promote the Interest of the United States and assist 
the Operations of this Campaign 

[Council to Capt. Alexr Warfield] 

Sir We have Occasion for a few Barrels of Powder and must 
request you will immediately send to M"" Shaw, two Barrels of Can- 
non Powder in your Cart, or if that should not be convenient, you are 
to hire one for the Purpose. 



of the Council of Maryland. 219 

Tuesday 11 July 1780 LiUr r b 

Present as on yesterday July n 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to James Brice **''''^ 

one thousand & ninety Pounrls in part of his Salary as a Member of 

the Council to be Accounted for 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to His Excellency p. 171 

Thomas Sim Lee Esq"" three hundred Pounds in part of his Salary to 

the 8"> of May. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. William Riely of 

the 4*'' Regim' & Lieut Adams of the 7"" Regim' each Linen for 2 

Shirts in part of the Articles all*^ by the Ass^ 



Wednesday 12*'' July 1780 July 12 

Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Muir 
Esquire five thousand Pounds on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Doct. James Murray Two thou- 
sand and thirty Pounds five shillings due him p ace' passed by the 
Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Frederick Green Eighteen thou- 
sand six hundred and sixty six Pounds due him p ace* passed by the 
Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah Forrest seven hundred 
and Fifty Pounds on Account. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. William Riely of 
the 4''*' Regim' 2 hats, 6 Blankets, 12 Shirts, 12 p"" Shoes, 12 p*" Over- 
alls, and 6 Knapsacks for the use of a Detachment of the Maryland 
Division. 



[Council to Henry Dickinson Esq"" Treas'r of the E. Shore] Liber C C 

No 22 
Sir As the time has passed, when the several Collectors were p. 130 

directed by Law to make their Payments of the first ten Pounds Tax, 

we flatter ourselves it is in your Power to supply our pressing Wants 

with a considerable Sum of Money. No sum less than £10.000 

would be worth the Expence and Trouble of your sending to the 

Western Shore Treasury. If you can furnish that or a larger sum, 

We beg you will immediately bring or send it by a safe Hand to the 

Treasurer of the Western Shore, at the Public Expence, and that 

you will consider this as the subsisting Request of this Board to send 

forward the Money you may receive in future, having Regard to the 

Sum as limited above, until j^ou receive our Directions to the 

Contrary 



220 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Thursday 13"^ July 1780 

July 13 Present as on Yesterday. 
p. 171 ^ 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to WilHam M*^Bryde 
Two hundred and Sixty nine Pounds, six shilhngs and six pence Bal* 
of Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Miles Two hundred and 
Twenty five Pounds due him p Ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William M'^Bryde Eighteen thou- 
sand one hundred and Twenty five Pounds to be delivered over to 
Jonathan Hudson for Cloathing Purchased of him by the Governor 
and Council. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker Two hundred 
and fifty Pounds on Account. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Somerset County pay to William 
M"=Bryde four thousand Pounds to be delivered over to Jonathan 
Hudson on Account 

That the Collector of the Tax for Worcester County Pay to the 
said William M*^Bryde three thousand one hundred and five Pounds, 
Twelve shillings and six Pence to be delivered over to the said Jon" 
Hudson on Account. 

That John Shaw deliver to Col° Forrest or his order as many 
Musketts of those delivered him by Col° Forrest as he may want 

Liber C C [Council to Capt Geo P. Keeports] 

p. 130 Sir We do not know what M"" Young means by having his Guns 
charged at the same Price M'' Dorsey paid. The Guns sold the former 
were 9 Pounders, those sold the latter were none heavier than Sixes, 
therefore the Price of the one cannot regulate the Price of the other. 
The just and equitable Manner of fixing the Price is, to take the 
Matter up on the Terms specified in the Letter from this Board to 
M"" Young of the 12"^ Sepf last, which are, " for the Proportion 
of Guns and Shott sell for at Baltimore." We request of you to ascer- 
tain the Baltimore Price of the Guns St"^" which you delivered M' 
Young, at the Time of Delivery and inform us immediately that 
the Money may be received and applied to the Use of the State 



Liber C B Friday i^^"^ July 1780 

No. 23 
July 14 Present as on yesterday. 

^' ^^' Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn 
Esq"" four hundred & ninety seven Pounds ten shill^^ for the use of 
Simon Ratalick p ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 



of the Council of Maryland. 221 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Sands Liber C B 
Two hundred and fifty Pounds due him -p Account passed by the ^%l^ 
Dep'^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Daniel Carroll Esquire five hun- 
dred Pounds, five hundred Pounds, one thousand Pounds, one thou- 
sand Pounds, and the further sum of seven thousand Pounds amount- 
ing in the whole to Ten thousand Pounds in part of his Salary on 
Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut William Adams of the 7*^ 
Regiment one thousand nine hundred Dollars in Continental Money 
and Three Pounds ten shillings in Gold or Silver according to a Re- 
solve of the General Assembly to enable the Officers of the Maryland 
Division to bear their Expenses to the Southward. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John H. Stone Esq*" to be delivered 
over to James Craig Surgeon in the Hospital Department, one hun- 
dred and Fifty Pounds, the Gratuity allowed by the Resolution of 
the Gen' Assembly of the 11"^ of Dec'' 1778 and also Two thousand 
Dollars in lieu of Articles allowed by the Act relating to the Officers 
and Soldiers of this State in the American Army &f^ passed July 
1779 agreeably to a Resolution of the General Assembly June 17. 
1780. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Docf John Johnson Two hundred 
and fifty Two Pounds, ten shillings due him p Account passed by 
the Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jeremiah T. Chase Esq*" Eight thou- 
sand & seventy two Pounds ten shillings and also the further sum of 
six hundred and seven Pounds ten shillings in part of his Salarj' on 
Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq"" nine hundred 
Pounds in part of his Salary on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Brice Esq*" the Sum of 
nine hundred and Eighty one Pounds in part of his Sal^ on Ace' 

That the Collector of the Tax for Prince Georges County pay to 
Joshua Beall Esq'' Lieut of said County six thousand Pounds to be 
Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Charles County pay to Francis 
Ware Lieut of said County six thousand Pounds to be Accounted for. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. William i^Iiddle- 
ton of the Dolphin four hundred Scupper Nails. 

[Council to Colo Joshua Beall — and Colo Francis Ware, except the Liber C C 
Rect of the Letter] ^""^^^^ 

Sir. We received your Favor of the 13"" Instant, and have sent 
you an Order on the Collector of the Tax for your County for six 



222 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C thousand Pounds, to be expended agreeable to the Directions of the 
^°- ^^ Act entitled A Supplement to the Act to procure Recruits &*=* If 
you should have Occasion for a further sum, inform us and we will 
furnish it 

Liber C B Saturday 15* July 1780 

No. 23 
p. 172 Present as on yesterday, except John H. Stone Esq*" 

The State Boats Dolphin and Plater ref^ from Convoying the 
Continental Arms to Virginia. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to His Excellency 
Thomas Sim Lee Esq"" one thousand and five hundred pounds in part 
of his Salary to the 8'*" May last 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Williams Thirty three 
Pounds, fifteen shillings due him p Account passed by the Dep'' Aud. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Prince Georges County pay 
to John Beall six thousand Pounds to be expended in the Purchase 
of Horses &l'^^ under the Act to procure an Extra Supply of Pro- 
visions of the Bread kind also Waggons and Horses for the use of the 
Continental Army to be Accounted for 
p. 173 Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Montgomery County 
pay to Thomas Richardson five thousand Pounds to be expended in 
the Purchase of Provisions for the Army to be Acco*^ for 



July 18 Tuesday 18'^ July 1780 

Present as on Saturday except Daniel Carroll Esq*" 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John King three 
hundred and Twenty five Pounds balance due him p Account passed 
by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Smith Brooks three hundred 
Pounds due him p account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Uriah Forrest one thousand 
and forty one Pounds thirteen Shillings and four Pence for i Month 
as Aud. Gen' ending the 15**^ Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson jun*" three thou- 
sand one hundred and Twenty five Pounds for the use of John 
Rogers Esq"" Chancellor due him for 3 Months Salary to the first 
Instant. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Prince Georges County pay to 
John Smith Brooks five thousand Pounds to be expended in the 
Purchase of Provisions for the Army & Accounted for. 

That John Crisall deliver to Capt. William Reily of the 4*'' Lieut. 
William Adams of the f^ and Lieut Edward Edgerly of the 2"* 
Maryland Regim* each, 6 Gallons of Rum and Twenty four pounds 



of the Council of Marylmid. 223 

of brown Sugar being the Allowance in those Articles for the Months Liber C B 
of May, June and July, and that he furnish the Auditor Gen' with an °' ^^ 
Account of the Quantities of the same and those hereafter delivered 
by him 

That the Commissary of Issues Purchase Fresh meat for the Hos- 
pital and issue it on the order of CoK' Forrest. 

Charles Blake appointed Commissary of Purchases for Queen 
Anns County in the room of Conrod L. Weddershandt who resigned 



Wednesday iq"* July 1780 July 19 

Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt William 
Middleton six hundred and Eighty five Pounds, fifteen shillings due 
him p Ace* passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker three hundred and 
ten Pounds five shillings and also the further Sum of Two hundred 
and forty three Pounds, ten shillings due him "p Accounts passed by 
the Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut James Bruff of the 6"' Regi- 
ment Two thousand four hundred Dollars to be expended in the 
recruiting Service & Ace** for 

That the said Treasurer pay to Elie Vallette three hundred and 
twelve Pounds, ten shillings due him p ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That Capt. George Keeports collect and take into his Possession 
all the Military Stores & other property belonging to this State at the 
Fort on Whetstone point & in Balt° Town and dispose of all except 
the Cannon & Furniture at public vendue after giving Notice in the 
Balt° News Paper & in hand Bills and that he render an Account 
of the Sales to this Board. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to L' W" Adams of the 
7th Regim* Cloth & Trim^^ sufT' for a waistcoat & Breeches in part 
of the Art'' all<* by Gen' Assembly. 

[Council to Delegates in Congress] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Gent" Agreeable to the Resolution of the General Assembly of ^' ^^^ 

the 4**^ Ins' we have transmitted to you 12 Copies of the " Act 

empowering the Treasurer of the Western Shore to draw and sell 

Bills of Exchange and for a further Emission," which we request 

you to have conveyed to such Persons in France as you may think 

proper, to be by them sent to Great Britain, in Order that those who 

may be affected by the said Act, may have Sufficient Notice thereof. 



224 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Mr. Hugh Young] 

No. 22 

Sir We have empowered and requested M'' George Keeports to 
settle with you for the Powder, Guns, and other Articles, had of the 
State, according to the Terms mentioned in the Governor's Letter 
of the 12"" Sepf last, to receive the Money and transmit it to the 
Treasurer of this Shore 



Liber C B Thursday 20* July 17 80 

July 20 Present as on yesterday. 
P-I74 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Robert 
Berry three hundred and fifty seven Pounds nine shillings and six 
Pence BaP of Ace' passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. William Reily of the 4*'' 
Reg* three hundred and Twenty five Pounds, ten shillings due him 
•p ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut William Adams of the 7* 
Regim' three hundred and twenty five Pounds ten Shillings due him 
p Ace* passed by the Aud Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Edward Edgerly of the 2^ 
Regim* Three hundred and twenty five Pounds ten shillings due him 
p Ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud"" 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Jos. Smith of Col° N. Gist's 
Reg* eight hundred and thirty two Pounds ten shillings p ace' passed 
by the D. Aud. 

That John Crisall deliver to Capt. Robert Berry of the Plater 5 
GalP Rum & 10 bbs Bro. Sugar in full for the Monthly Allowance 
in those Art'^ to 27 Inst. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serj* Nich^ Hutchinson 
of the 7*'' Regim* i shirt i p'' Breeches i p'' Shoes and i p"" Stockings, 
to John Barlow recruit for the same Regim* i p'' Overalls and Samuel 
Clark & Richard Barlow of said Reg* each i p*" Overalls and i p*" 
Stockings and also to Capt. William Reily of 4*^ Regim* Twelve 
Blanketts. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Frederick County pay to Col° 
Tho® Price six thousand Pounds to be expended in the Purchase of 
Provision for the Army and to be accounted for. 



Liber C C [Council to Board of War] 

p. 131 Gent" By a Letter received from M"" Stoddert of the 30*^ June, we 
are informed the United States have not any Brass Field Pieces, of 
the Sizes required by our State but that they may have some of differ- 
ent Sizes, which you will have forwarded with the small Arms and 
Accoutriments if they will answer; we accept the Offer of the Board 
and request you to have them sent down as soon as may be convenient 



of the Council of Maryland. 22^ 

r Council to Colo. Thomas Price] Liber C C 

"■ No. 22 

Sir Your Letter of the i8"' Ins' we received. You are to purchase 
Flour, Wheat and tlie other Articles enumerated, at the lowest 
Price you possibly can ; we think you ought not to exceed the Prices 
for the Flour and Wheat mentioned in your Letter, nor do we think 
you should buy more than five hundred Barrels at that Kate. You 
may give as far as 8 Dollars a Pound for Bacon, and in the same 
Proportion for other Salt Provision. You must not omit to inform 
us constantly of the Quantities of Flour and Wheat procured and 
sent forward in Order that we may give you such Directions for your 
Conduct in future, as will most conduce to the general Advantage. 
Enclosed you have an Order on the Collector of the Tax of Fred- 
erick County for f 6ooo 

[Council to Joshua Johnson Esqr] P- 132 

Sir According to the Resolution of the General Assembly of the 
State of Maryland of the 4"" Ins' we have transmitted to you, attested 
Copies of the Act to enable the Treasurer of the Western Shore to 
draw and sell Bills of Exchange and for an Emission of Bills of 
Credit if necessary and do request you to convey as many of them as 
may be necessary, to the Trustees in the said Act named and the rest, 
to the Trustees appointed by the Act for calling out of Circulation 
certain Bills of Credit emitted by Act of Assembly 



Friday 21^' July 1780 Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on yesterday. July 21 

Ordered That the eastern shore Treasurer pay to Col° James Hind- ^' ^'^ 
man six thousand Pounds to enable him to carry into Execution the 
Acts to procure a Supply of Salt Meat &'^^ and to procure an Extra 
Supply &" Liber C C 

That the Collector of the Tax for Talbot County pay to the said ' °'^f^ 
Col° James Hindman six thousand Pounds to be expended as This letter 

r -J was read bv 

aforesaid. ^h^ Pennsyl- 

vania Coun- 
. , cil on July 

[Council to The Governors of Pennsvlvania and Delaware] 2;, 12 Pa. 

Col. Recs. 
Sir In Pursuance of the Request of the General Assembly of 433- See 
Maryland, we have transmitted to you a Copy of the Act continuing ^^^jj_ \lil, 
the Act prohibiting the Exportation of Wheat. Flour, Rye, Indian p. 433- 
Corn &" until the tenth Day of September next. You will perceive preceding 
on Perusal of the Act sent, that so much of the Prohibition as relates page is 
to the Exportation of any of the ennumerated Articles by Land, is Pr'"s.^ Reed's 
taken off, and that the suspension of the said Act or Continuance letter of 
of it beyond the Time limited, depends in some Measure upon the l^ 



15 



226 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C Regulations adopted or to be adopted by the States of Pennsylvania 

^^ and Delaware, respecting that Subject. We solicit your Excellency 

to send us Copies of your Acts that relate to this Subject, that we 

may be enabled to form our Opinion of the Propriety of extending 

the Time or removing the Restriction 



Saturday 22*^ July 1780 
Liber C B Present as on yesterday. 

July 22 This Board agrees with Col° John Dorsey &Co for 10 hh*^^ Rum at 
p. 174 £30 per Gallon to be delivered to M*" Donnellan at Baltimore Town. 
Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Matthias Irvine 
lately a Soldier in the 3*^ Maryland Regim* discharged Twenty 
Pounds in lieu of the Articles allowed by the Act relating to the 
Officers and Soldiers of this State in the American Army &'^* he 
having made Oath that he hath not received any part thereof. 

Liber C C [Council to Capt. Wm. Middleton] 

No. 22 
p. 132 Sir You are to proceed with the Dolphin to Patuxent River and 

put yourself under the Command of Cap' James Buchanan, under 
whom you are to act as a Tender, so long as he shall think it neces- 
sary for the Preservation of his Vessel. 

[Council to Andrew Buchanan Esqr] 

Sir We have returned your Account against the State with 
Observations made thereon by the Auditor General, He thinks either 
p. 133 of the other Commissioners for Baltimore County, or, as the Certifi- 
cates are made payable to the Bearer and no Time inserted thereon, 
you may issue the Certificates for the first Article in your Ace' The 
Commissions requested by you on the 10"' Instant, are enclosed. Col° 
Forrest has given Orders to Cap' BrufT to receive from you the sub- 
stitutes and Deserters which may be procured under the late Acts 
for procuring Recruits &" the Supplement thereto, and the Act to 
expedite the raising an Additional Battalion of Regulars who are 
immediately to be marched to this Place 



Liber C B Monday 24"^ July 1780 

No. 23 f- J 

July 24 Present as on Saturday. 

P" j^^ Ordered that the Collector of the Tax for Fred. County pay to 
Captain Richard Hoff one thousand nine hundred and Fifty seven 
Pounds ten shillings for himself and Guard over the Magazine near 
Frederick Town on Account 



of the Council of Maryland. 227 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for l-'rcderick County pay Lil>cr C B 
to Adam Fischer six thousand Pounds to be expended in the Pur- ^°- ^^ 
chases of Horses &''^ under tlie Act to procure an Extra Supply of 
Provisions &'^'' on Account. 

That the Collector iA the tax for Ann Arundel County pay to 
Richard Cowman three thousand Pounds to be expended as afore- 
said. 

That M"" John Cri-sall issue Rations to Elizabeth Murphy, Sarah 
Pope Biddy Howard, Mary M'^Donald Mary Connolly, Mary Sam- 
ine, Christian Ennis, Hannah Ashmy, Eve Moss, Betsy Isabel, Mary 
Burnet Jane Elton and Mary Fennell the wives of Soldiers now 
remaining in Annapolis who are entitled to Provisions unrler the 
Laws of this State, until he receive further Orders from this Board 
and that he keep particular and Separate Accounts thereof also the 
names of their Husbands and the Counties they respectively enlisted 
in 

Commission of Letters of Marque and reprisal issued to James 
M'^Coy Commander of the Brigantine Trooper 100 Tons burthen 
navigated by 40 men, mounting 12 Carriage Guns 2 swivels and 14 
small arms belonging to David Stewart & C° of Baltimore 

Commissions issued to Job Garretson appointed Col° and William 
M^^Cubbin Lieut Col° of the Gun Powder Battalion of Militia in 
Baltimore County. 

[Council to President of Congress] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir Last Evening we had the Honor to receive by Express your p. 133 

Excellency's Letter of the 29'^ Ult° with a Resolution of Congress 

of the same Date, directing Warrants to be drawn in Favor of the 

Treasurer of the United States on the Treasurers of the several 

States from New Hampshire to Maryland, inclusive, for their 

respective Proportions of the ten Million of Dollars specially called 

for by the Resolution of the 19* May last. When that Resolution 

and the Letter accompanying it were received, the General Assembly 

was not sitting, and we were induced from the urgent Necessity of 

complying with it, to appoint Persons in the Several Counties of 

this State to solicit a Loan of our Proportion of that Sum, and to 

prevent, as far as possible the Evils that might result from a Failure. 

We convened the General Assembly immediately, in Order that the 

most efificacious Measures might be adopted to procure it. The 

Resolution and Letter were laid before them and several Laws 

enacted for the Purpose of obtaining the Quota of this State; in 

Consequence of which and the Assessment Acts, not more than 200,- 

000 Dollars have been drawn into our Treasu^\^ beyond what we 

have advanced for the Use of the Continental Army which we can 

assure your Excellency, though we cannot precisely ascertain the 



228 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C Quantum, is far from being inconsiderable. The 8^^ Ins' we sent by 
Express 200,000 Dollars to the Continental Treasurer and wrote the 
Delegates of this State on the Subject of the Requisition of the IQ**" 
May. It is with the utmost Regret we inform Congress of our 
Inability to comply with the earnest and pressing Application. Noth- 
ing could in the least alleviate the poignant Anxiety we feel from 
p. 134 contemplating the Miseries that must ensue on a Dissolution of 
the Army or a Suspension of the Operations of the present Cam- 
paign, but a Consciousness that the Failure of the Supply required 
is not imputable to Supineness or unwillingness in this State to 
render every Assistance, but to the Want of Time to execute the 
Laws and in some Measure to the Scarcity of Money to answer 
the various Demands incessantly made on the People to support 
Government and to provide Men, Money and Provision for the 
Army of the States. We can assure Congress that the full sum 
required, will be forwarded to the Treasury of the United States, 
as procured and that our Attention will not be remitted, but every 
Exertion made to facilitate the Procurement of it. The Expedient of 
borrowing has been resorted to with such Frequency and our Credit 
has received such a Wound from our not complying punctually 
with our Engagements, that we can expect to derive little or no 
Relief from the Adoption of it in future. We have transmitted 
herewith a Copy of the Act for sinking the Quota required by Con- 
gress of this State of the Bills of Credit emitted by Congress. 

[Council to Adam Fischer] 

Sir We received your Letter of the 20'*^ Ins* and have sent you 
an Order on the Collector of Frederick County for six thousand 
Pounds to be expended in the Hiring or purchasing of Waggons and 
Horses. You are, if possible, to procure them on Hire, and have a 
Power to make a Contract to pay the Wages in Paper Money, To- 
bacco, or Specie as may be most advantageous to the Public, not 
allowing in Specie more than at the Rate of twenty Shillings per 
Day for the Hire of a Waggon, four Horses and a Driver and in 
Paper Money or Tobacco, in the same Proportion. If you cannot 
hire the Waggons Horses and Drivers required, you are to pur- 
chase what is deficient and pay for them in the Manner above men- 
tioned, but for your more particular Direction, we refer you to the 
Law. You are confined by the Law to Frederick County and ought 
not to interfere with the Contractors of the other Counties because 
such a Competition will certainly and unavoidably enhance the 
p. 135 Value. If you go into another State to hire or purchase, we think you 
will not be allowed for any extraordinary Trouble or Expence in- 
curred thereby 



of the Council of Maryland. 22g 

Tuesday 25'^ July 1780 Liber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on yesterday. July 25 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to His Excellency ''' 
Thomas Sim Lee Esq"" Eive thousand Pounds, three thousand 
Pounds, Two thousand five hundred Pounds Two thousand five hun- 
dred Pounds and also one thousand and fourteen Pounds, five shil- 
lings and Eight Pence in part of his Salary to the 8'** May last on 
Account. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Queen Anns County pay to 
William Hemsley Esq"" six thousand Pounds to enable him to carry 
into Execution the Act to procure Recruits to complete the Battalions 
of this State &'''' the Supplement thereto, and the Act to expedite the 
raising an Additional Battalion, to be accounted for. 

[Council to Capt John Smith Brookes] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We think it necessary that you should purchase the Fish p. 135 
on the Terms mentioned in yours of Yesterday's Date, but at the 
same Time must inform you, that a Short Credit must be obtained, 
as it is altogether impossible to pay the Money until the Taxes come 
in; so soon as that happens, we hope to be enabled to pay all our 
public Contracts. We hope no good Citizen will refuse to vend 
these necessary Commodities to the Public at a Time when our 
Treasury is exhausted and they are so much wanted. The Fish, 
Bacon &" procured by you must be transported to this Place or the 
Head of the Elk, but we wish the Vessel to touch at this Place 

[Council to William Hemsley Esqr] 

Sir Col° Forrest has ordered two Officers to repair immediately 
to Chester Town to take Charge of the Substitutes and Deserters 
which may be sent there by the Lieutenants of the several Counties 
on the Eastern pursuant to our Request communicated by Circular 
Letters of this Day. The Expedient of drawing upon the Collector 
of Queen Ann's County gives you a Chance but no Certainty of 
Money, as there are still a great Number of Certificates outstanding; 
yet it proves our Inclination to assist you and the good People of 
your County in their laudable Endeavours to procure Recruits 
Cloaths will be distributed among the Recruits when they are col- 
lected to a Point. 

[Council to Charles Griffith, Esqr.] 
Sir We are very happy in hearing you have so pleasing a Prospict 
of raising the Men required of your County for the Regiment extraor- 
dinary and for completing the Battalions of this State in the Con- 



230 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C tinental Army, Col° Forrest has ordered an Ofificer immediately to 
No. 22 receive the Recruits and Substitutes in your Care and march them 
to this Place 

July 26 Wednesday 26*^ July 1780 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson 
j*" Fifty Pounds on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Berryman who was a Gunner 
on board the Ship Defence in the year 1777 and lost his right Arm 
in the service of this State Two hundred and Fifty Pounds for his 
Subsistence. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt William Reily of 
the 4*^ Regim' Cloth suff' for a Jacket & Breeches with Trimg^ in 
part of the articles &"^^ 

That the Collector of the Tax for Kent County pay to John Bolton 
four thousand Pounds to be expended in necessaries for the Recruits 
Sl'^^ at Chester Town and to be Accounted for. 
p. 176 Commissions issued to Allensby Jump appointed Capt. in the room 
of Thomas Casson, James Casson i Lieut, Solomon Kenton 2*^ Lieut, 
Assa Banning Ens. belonging to the 28'^ Battalion of Militia in 
Caroline County, and also to Vincent Price Capt in the room of 
Thomas Lockerman, Elijah Clark 2^ Lieut, Zadock Mears Ensign, 
Cornelius Johnson i^' Lieut. Richard Liden 2^ Lieut, and Daniel 
Richardson Ens. of Capt. John Hooper's Comp^ belonging to the 
14 Batt of Militia in the County aforesaid 

Commissions issued to Nich^ Ruxton Moore appointed Capt, 
Thomas Russell Lieut and Mark Pringle Cornet of the voluntier 
Troop of Light Horse raised in Baltimore Town according to Act 
of Assembly pased June Session 1780 

Commissions issued to Joseph Gilpin, John Leach Knight, Stephen 
Hyland Thomas Hughes, John Dockery Thompson, Thomas Boul- 
din, Timothy Kirk, Richard Bond Samuel Glenn, John Ward Veazey 
John Cox, Samuel Miller, James Maxwell Elihua Hall son of Elisha, 
William Matthews, Peter Lawson, Thomas May Thomas Russell, 
Thomas Savin, Jonathan Booth, Sidney George and James Loutit 
appointed Justices of the Peace for Cecil County and also to Joseph 
Gilpin, John Leach Knight Stephen Hyland, John Dockery Thomp- 
son and Timothy Kirk appointed Judges of the Orphans Court for 
the said County. 

Liber C C [Council to William Whitely Esqr] 

No. 22 
p. 136 Sir We are sorry to find your Endeavours to procure the Quota 

of Men required of Caroline County have not been attended with the 



of the Council of Maryland. 231 

desired Success. This Board are of Opinion that tlie 'lax of fifteen L\\)tr C C 
and five per Centum, as the Case may be, is to be levied anri collected ^"- *^ 
from such Classes as fail to furnish Substitutes or Deserters. The 
Commissions for Militia Officers are enclosed agreeable to your 
Request. You will have the Militia marched to the Mead of Elk 
where they are to rendezvous and where they will be provided with 
Arms and every other Necessary for Marching &''^ 

[Council to The Worshipful the Justices of Cecil County Court] 

Gent. The enclosed Commissions were issued agreeably to your 
Request as intimated by M"" Williams's Letter of the 26"' May 

[Council to Nathaniel Potter, Esqr.] 

Sir. Yours of the 23*^ Inst, we have this Day received and are 
Sorry to observe that you should have so unpromising a Prospect of 
procuring the Articles absolutely necessary for furnishing and Sup- 
porting our Army We could not conceive that any of the good Citi- 
zens of this State would, at this Crisis, withold these necessary Com- 
modities, and we wish not to be under the Necessity of using the last 
Resort, a Seizure. We hope and expect the Farmers will readily 
vend their Wheat, Flour &" and receive Certificates or wait a Short 
Time for their Money which we shall be enabled to pay as fast as 
Taxes come in. We think you ought not to exceed 22..10..0 for 
Wheat 67..10..0 for Flour, 375 £ for a Barrel of Pork and 60s. for 
a Pound of Bacon ; these are high and generous Prices. It is alto- 
gether out of our Power to furnish you with the Money you require, 
and still Trust that you will be able to make your Purchases on the 
Credit of this State. The Wheat you receive we wish to have manu- 
factured into Flour as fast as possible and would readily send vou 
the Nails, if we had them. We have not supplied M*" Wederstrandt 
with any Money lately. You will frequently inform us of your Pro- 
ceedings in your Purchases 

[Council to the Lieutenants of the Several Counties] p. 137 

Sir We desire you will have the Soldiers who may be delivered to 
you in Virtue of the Act to procure Recruits to complete the Bat- 
talions of this State in the Service of the United States and to raise 
an additional Battalion, the Supplement thereto, and the " Act to 
expedite the raising an additional Battalion of Regulars," imme- 
diately marched to Chester Town, where Cloaths and Provisions 
will be furnished them by Officers who will be in Readiness to 
receive them. 

NB those on the W. Shore are directed to send the Recruits to 
Annapolis 



232 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to William Smith, Esqr.] 

Sir We received your Favor of the 21^' Ins' and, after considering 
the Requisition of the Minister of France and the Act of Congress 
of the 7*^ founded thereon, requesting us to grant Permission to the 
Agent of the Minister of France to purchase within this State and 
export three thousand Barrels of Flour to some of the Spanish 
Colonies for the use of his Catholic Majesty, have determined to give 
you Permission to purchase and export that Quantity for the Uses 
aforesaid and in the Manner the Minister shall direct. We esteem 
our present Situation delicate and embarrassing; willing and de- 
sirous to grant the Supplies necessary to carry on the military Opera- 
tions here and in the West Indies and to render our Assistance to 
facilitate the Procurement of them, and at the same Time anxiously 
solicitous to comply with prior Engagements, and to avoid every 
Thing that may have the least Tendency to obstruct the Execution 
of Laws formed for the professed Purpose of obtaining Provisions 
and to prevent a Competition highly detrimental to the Interest of 
the States in afifording an Opportunity to the Avaricious and De- 
signing to make the most unreasonable and exorbitant Demands for 
Provisions ; We do request and desire you to use every Precaution 
in your Power to obviate the mischievous Consequences pointed out, 
and that might otherwise flow from this Permission. We expect, 
in making your Purchases you will not interfere with the State Com- 
missaries or exceed the Prices to which they are limited, 60 Dollars 
a Bushel for Wheat and 67..10..0 a Hundred for Flour, and that you 
will not buy of any Person who has purchased with a View of deriv- 
ing an Advantage by selling again, for as this extraordinary Demand 
and the Allowance to procure and export it must be known, we do 
p. 138 not hesitate to pronounce from Experience that many adventurous 
and enterprising Persons will be busily and industriously employed 
in buying up and storing those Necessaries, to avail themselves of 
the public Necessities, and to extort such a Premium for their 
Trouble and Hazard as unbounded Avidity may suggest. The Com- 
missaries have received Directions to use their utmost Diligence in 
executing the Laws to obtain the necessary Supplies of Provision 
and you may depend upon having such a Quantity turned over, as 
soon as procured, as will make up the Proportion allotted to the 
French and desire you would acquaint us what the Deficiency is at 
present. We are so hurried that we cannot attend to and answer 
the other Parts of your Letter at this Time. You will give us Infor- 
mation from Time to Time of the Quantity of Flour you have bought, 
under this Permission. 

[Council to Mr. John Bolton] 
Sir As it will be necessary to have a Commissary of Issues in 
Chester Town to supply the Recruits raised on the Eastern Shore, 



of the Council of Maryland. 233 

with Provision; we request you will act, and you are hereby ap- Liber CC 
pointed for that Purpose. We enclose you an Order on the Collector " 
of Kent County, for £4000 and have wrote to M*^ Voorhees, pur- 
chasing Commissary for Kent County, to furnish you with the 
necessary Provision 

[Council to Capt Nicholas Ruxton Moore] 

Sir We have appointed and commissioned you Captain of the 
voluntier Troop of Light Horse, raised in Baltimore Town, Thomas 
Russel Lieutenant and Mark Pringle Cornet. We cannot too much 
applaud that martial and patriotic Spirit which influenced yourself 
and the Gentlemen who compose your Troop, to make so noble and 
disinterested an Offer of your Services to your Country at a Time 
when the Aspect of our Affairs is far from being flattering or 
inviting. Your laudable Example cannot fail to excite an Emulation 
in the Gentlemen of the respective Counties, that will render the 
Militia of this State much more respectable. 



Thursday 27*'' July 1780 July 27 

Liber C B 
Present as on Yesterday. ^°- ^3 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Brice 
Esquire Two thousand Pounds in part of his Salary on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Welsh Two hundred and 
forty Pounds for the use of James Roper & C° p ace* passed by the 
Aud. Gen^ 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Wilmot seven hundred and 
sixty four Pounds, nine shillings and six Pence and also the further 
Sum of five hundred and Twenty one Pounds, five shillings due him 
p Acc'^ passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Campbell a soldier of the 
late Capt. Samuel Griffiths Comp^ of the 3'^ Regim' who appears to 
be an Invalid and an Object deserving Assistance from a wound 
received in his right Leg at the Battle of German Town in 1777, one 
hundred Pounds for his Subsistence. 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to the said William Campbell 
six Days Rations. 

Commissions issued to the following Officers appointed to Com- 
mand the Regim' Extra raised in Virtue of " An Act entitled a Sup- 
plement to the Act to procure Recruits to complete the Battalions of 
this State in the service of the United States and to raise an Addi- 



I Arch"^ Golder Lieut 


I 


2 Sam' Hamilton d° 


2 


3 Fran^ Shepard d° 


3 


4. Sam' M-^Lane d° 


4 


177 5 Joh" Lucas d° 


5 


6 Samuel Hanson of Walt. Lieut. 


6 


7. Nath' Magruder d° 


7 



234 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C tional Reg' if necessary, and an Act to expedite the raising an 
No. 22 Additional Battalion of Regulars viz. 

Samuel Jones Lieut Col° 4 Benjamin Murdock Cap. 

Edward Giles Major 5 Henry Hill son of Henry d° 

1 Montjoy Bailey Capt 6 James Gillispie d° 

2 James Fernandes Capt 7 Vachel Burgess d° 

3. Charles Smith ditto 8 Sam' Cock Capt. Lieut. 

Sam' Luckett Ens. 
Ignatius Boone Ens. 
Josias Miller d° 
John Plant d° 
Theo. Middleton d° 
Ignatius Blandford Ens. 
Basil Gaither D° 
8 Charles Magruder d° 8 Joshua Warfield D° 

Liber C C [Council to Board of War] 

No. 22 . .... 

p. 139 Gent" The Enclosure will shew the Pomt of Rank m which Lieu* 

Edward Duvall and Lieu* John Hardman were placed in 1777 by the 

General Assembly of Maryland. M*" Duvall represents to this Board 

that he has been injured by the subsequent Arrangement of the 

Maryland Line, and at his earnest Request, we have taken the Liberty 

to transmit the enclosed Copy of the Roster General of the Rank of 

the Officers in the Maryland Line 

[Council to William Bordley, Esqr] 

Sir Yours of the 21^* Ins* we have received : The Cloaths shall be 
sent to Chester Town for the Recruits as soon as possible and we 
wish it was in our Power to send them immediately. M'' Bolton is 
appointed Commissary of Issues for your Shore ; we have given him 
an Order on the Collector of Kent County for Money, and have 
requested M'' Voorhees to furnish him with any Provision he may 
collect, with which, we hope the Recruits may be amply supplied. 
The Scheme for borrowing Money of the Recruits is a good one, 
and if any of them are inclined to lend their Money to the State, the 
Agents who are appointed to receive Money on Loan in Kent County, 
would be the proper Persons to apply to. The exhausted State of 
our Treasury puts it totally out of our Power to send you any Money 
at this Time 

[Council to President of Congress] 

Sir We are honored with your Letter of the S'*^ Ins* enclosing an 
Act of Congress of the 7**" recommending to the State of Maryland 
to grant Permission to the Agent of the Minister of France, to pur- 



of the Council of Maryland. 235 

chase 3000 Barrels of l-lour tr; be exported to some of the Spanish Uhtr C C 
Colonies in the West Indies. We have comphed with the Recom- ''• ^ 
mendation of Congress & given Permission to M' William Smith 
of Baltimore Town, the Agent appointed by M' Morris who is en- 
trusted by the Minister, with the Management of this Business to 
purchase the Quantity above Specified. This Permission interferes 
with the Mod^ chalked out by the Legislature to obtain Supplies 
for the Continental Army and, we are apprehensive, will procras- 
tinate the Procurement of them, 'til that Quantity is furnished and 
expose us to the Artifices and subtle Contrivances of Engrossers and 
other designing Men, whose Attention to the Public Purchases and 
inordinate Love of Gain will prompt them to buy up the Wheat and 
Flour to sell to the public Purchasers whereby the present Prices (far 
from being moderate) will be greatly augmented. Our earnest p. 140 
Desire to give every Assistance to render the Military Operations in 
the West Indies effectual and Defference for the Opinion of Congress 
and Minister of France determined us to give the Permission and 
hazard the Inconveniences already suggested. We cannot refrain 
from intimating to Congress, that, if this State should fail in sup- 
plying their Quota of Flour for the Continental Army and the 
French Marine, such Failure cannot, justly, be ascribed to Ineflficacy 
in our Laws, or want of Exertion in this Board, but to Inability 
arising from our gratifying the numerous Demands, unexpectedly 
made, on this State. 

[Council to Capt. Peter Clarke] 

Sir By the late Acts of Assembly to procure Troops, your Case 
is not considered and, though there may be a Hardship in your being 
compelled to contribute your Quota, to procure a Substitute ; yet we 
cannot see how it is to be avoided, as you are neither expressly nor 
impliedly exempted by the Laws. 

[Council to Delegates in Congress] 

Gent. We have enclosed you a Copy of a Letter from the Baron 
DeKalb, addressed to this Board. He represents the Maryland 
Division to be in great Distress for want of Provisions, the scarcity 
of which will prevent them from approaching nearer the Enemy's 
Lines, unless proper Measures are taken to supply them. We esteem 
it necessary that this Representation should be laid before Congress, 
in Order that some Mode may be pointed out to furnish them imme- 
diately, which is impracticable, by this State, the Distance being so 
great, and. if it could be done the Expence would be enormous. It, 
certainly, would not be inconvenient to the States of North Carolina 
& Virginia to provide for their Subsistence. We have, upon all 
Occasions exerted ourselves to take Care of the Troops of other 



p. 177 



236 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C States, marching through this. As we are not invested with compe- 
22 ^gj^^ Authority to carry into Effect his Proposals of forming a Body 
of Light Horse for the Service in the or main Army, and 

p. 141 reducing the Number of Regiments in the Maryland Line, we did not 
think it necessary to consider the Propriety of them, but have sub- 
mitted those Subjects to the Consideration of Congress 



July 28 Friday 28*** July 1780 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to James Browne 
from this State Surgeon General in the Hospital Department one 
hundred and fifty Pounds the Gratuity allowed by the Resolution of 
the General Assembly of 1 1 Dec'' 1778 and also two thousand Dollars 
in lieu of Articles allowed by the Act relating to the OfBcers &" 
passed July 1779 agreeable to a Resolution of the General Assembly 
of the 17 June 1780. 

That the said Treasurer pay to the Hofible Daniel of S' Thomas 
Jenifer Esq*" one of the Delegates from Maryland in Congress Eight 
thousand Dollars to be Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Richard Bryan Twenty two Pounds 
ten shillings for the use of Richard Glover and also the further Sum 
of four hundred and seven Pounds fifteen shillings for the use of 
Joseph Richardson p acc*^ passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Serjt Cheshire of the 7*'' 
Regim* i Shirt and i p"" shoes to be charged to the said Regim' 

That the Collector of the Tax for Charles County pay to Col° 
Francis Ware Lieut of the said County four thousand Pounds to 
be by him Accounted for. 

William Jones of the late Capt Gales Comp^ of Matrosses from 
this State having furnished an able bodied man to serve in the first 
Maryland Regiment in his stead as appears by a Certificate of Capt. 
Henry Gaither is hereby discharged from the Service. 

Commissions issued to John Fletcher appointed Capt of a Comp^ 
in the room of Augustus Wheatley. Joseph Hubberd Capt in the 
room of James Byus, Sam' Hubberd 2 Lieut, William Vickars, of 
John Ens. belonging to the Lower Batt of Mil^ in Dorchester County 
also to Jos. Daffin app*^ Maj"" John Reed 2"^ Lieut. Francis Turpin 
Ens of Cap* Ezekiel Reeds Comp^ Edward Scottow i Lieut, Sam' 
A. Hooper 2^ Lieut of Roger Hoopers Comp^ Thomas Logan Capt 
in the room of Joseph Daffin James Sullivane i Lieut, Willis Newton 
2*^ Lieut, Thomas White Ens. William Ennalls Hooper Capt. in the 
room of Levin Handy & James M'^Allister Ens. belonging to the 
upper Batt of Militia in the County aforesaid. 



of the Council of Maryland. 22,7 

[Council to Colo. Thomas Gist] Liber C 

No. Z2 

Sir This Board has made an Appointment of Ofificers to the Regi- P- Mi 
ment Extraordinary to be raised by this State, before the Receipt 
of your Letter of the 24"' which did not reach us 'til this Day by 
Post. If you will be pleased to inform us in what Manner the 
Vacancy arose in your Battalion, whether by Death, Resij^nation, or 
Refusal to act, and the Name of the Captain whose Place Evehart is 
to fill, the Commission shall be immediately made out, agreeable to 
your Request. 

[Council to Merchants in Baltimore] 

Gent" We have enclosed you the Letter we have wrote to our Dele- 
gates in Congress, on the Subject of the Distresses of our Trade, 
for your Perusal, which we request you to seal and send forward. 

[Council to Chevalier de la Luzerne.] 

Sir We had the Honor to receive your Excellency's Letter of the 
18'^ Inst, with the Act of Congress recommending to this State to 
grant Permission to your Agent to purchase and export to the Span- 
ish Colonies in the West Indies 3000 Barrels of Flour for the Use 
of his Catholic Majesty, and have, in Conformity thereto, given 
Licence to M*" William Smith of Baltimore Town to purchase and 
export that Quantity in the Manner your Ex^ shall direct; and, to 
avoid the Inconveniences and Disadvantages that would result from 
a Competition between our Commissaries and M'' Smith we have 
desired the latter not to interfere with the former, not to exceed 
the Prices Stipulated by the General Assembly, to be given by the 
Commissaries and not to buy of those Persons whose unbounded 
Avidity and inordinate Love of Gain, might prompt them to engross 
all the Wheat and Flour that can be procured, with the Design of 
exacting the most exorbitant Prices from the public Purchasers, 
and to use every other Precaution to prevent the Enhancement of the 
present Prices. Our Desire to promote the Military Operations in 
the West Indies and to comply with the Requisitions of Congress for 
Supplies will induce us to render every necessary Assistance to 
M"" Smith, to facilitate his Purchase. We have already given Orders 
to procure & forward the Flour to be furnished by this State, for the p. 142 
Use of your Marine; -but if from their, and other extraordinary 
Demands on us, we should fail to supply the Whole, we think such 
a Part of this Quantity as will make up the Deficiency ought to 
be appropriated to that Purpose, but we wish your Excellency to 
understand, we do not mean to keep back any of the Flour, if we 
can possibly furnish it. 



238 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Delegates in Congress] 

No. 22 

Gent" The General Assembly on the 12"^ June last, took into 

Consideration the Trade of this State and entered into the following 
Resolution (11^^ vid. resol.) which was transmitted to Congress, 
and by them, referred to the Board of Admiralty : The Result of 
whose Deliberation thereon, has not yet been communicated to us, 
nor do we know that the Requisition of the Assembly will be com- 
plied with. Our Coast has lately been much infested with the Pri- 
vateers and Cruisers of the Enemy, our Trade and Navigation 
obstructed and many of our Vessels captured, to the great Detriment 
of the Public, Ruin of some, and Distress of many of our Merchants, 
and we can assure you, unless two, or one, at least, of the Con- 
tinental Frigates are so stationed as to afford Protection to the 
Trade of Virginia and this State, that there is little or no Proba- 
bility of our providing Cloathing and other Necessaries for our 
Quota of the Army. As this State have, on every Occasion, exerted 
themselves in an extraordinary Degree, in support of the Common 
Cause, and have, and do contribute their Proportion of the Expence 
of the Continental Navy, and have not, hitherto, derived any Advan- 
tage from it, we can but think it reasonable that our Request should 
be gratified. We have just received a Letter from the commercial 
Gentlemen from the Town of Baltimore representing, that the 
Successes of small armed Vessels, have invited a very formidable 
Enemy into our Bay, and that not less than twenty of their most 
valuable Vessels, outward bound are now blocked up in Patuxent 
River, and have been for some Time past and that, every Day they 
receive Accounts of their Vessels being taken or destroyed. This 
Representation of the Distresses and Embarrassments of the Trade 
and Navigation of the States of Virginia and Maryland, not only 
merits the immediate Notice of Congress, but, we think cannot fail 
to induce them to order such a Number of Frigates to be stationed 
at the Capes of Chesapeake, as will afford ample Protection to the 
p. 143 Commerce thereof. We entreat you, in the most earnest Manner, 
to lay this important Subject before Congress and to use your utmost 
Efforts and the weight and Influence of this State to obtain the 
Protection desired. 

[Council to Robert Morris Esqr] 

Sir We have been favored with your Letter of the 18'*' Ins' 
accompanied by Letters from their Excellencies the President of 
Congress and Minister of France, M' William Smith is furnished 
with the desired Permission to purchase and export 3000 Barrels of 
Flour for the Supply of his Catholic Majesty's Fleets and Armies 
acting in the West Indies and, at the same Time, we requested M"" 
Smith to act with that Caution, in the execution of your Commission, 



of the Council of Maryland. 2.yj 

necessary to prevent the pernicious Effects of a Competition with Liber C C 

„ ■' . . No. 22 

our Commissaries 

[Council to Daniel Jenifer, Ksqr.] 

Sir Yours of the 25"' Tns' we have this Day received. We have 
given Orders to the Commissaries in the Several Counties of this 
State, not to e.xceed 22..10..0 i) Bushel for Wheat & 67..10..0 -p O 
for Flour. This is the hij^hest Price allowed to be given, yet we hope 
you may be able to procure it on better Terms. Your Application 
to be Commandant of the Regiment Extraordinary to be raised, did 
not reach us until after the Of^cers were appointed. You will have 
the Bacon .sent to this Place as soon as possible, as we shall want it 
for the Recruits. It is altogether out of our Power to furnish you 
with the Money you require, but hope you will still be able to pro- 
ceed in your Purchases 



Saturday 29*^ July 1780 July 

Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday ^'°- ^^ 

■' ■' p. 177 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Dorchester County pay 
to John Caile Harrison Commissary of Purchases for said County 
six thousand Pounds to be by him Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Prince G^ County pay to John 
Beall six thousand Pounds to be expended in the Purchase of Horses p. 178 
&" under the Act to procure a Supply of Provisions &" on Account. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Tillotson 
from this State Surgeon General in the Hospital Department one 
hundred and Fifty Pounds the Gratuity allowed by the Resolution of 
the General Assembly of the 11* of Decem'' 1778 and also the 
further Sum of Two thousand Dollars in lieu of Articles allowed 
by the Act relating to the Officers and Soldiers &" passed July 1779 
agreeable to a Resolution of the Gen' Assembly 17*'' June 1780 

That the said Treasurer pay to Captain Robert Berry three hun- 
dred Pounds on Account. 

Permission is hereby given to James Townley Rigby and Ann 
Rigby his wife, of this State to solicit leave from his Excellency Gen' 
Washington or the Commanding Officer at the out Posts of the 
American Army at Elizabeth Town, to go to New York for the Pur- 
pose of obtaining a Passage from thence to Great Britain not to 
return again into this State during the present war between America 
and Great Britain without the Leave of the Governor and Council 
for the Time being first had and obtained with Liberty to take their 
Child 



240 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to John Caile Harrison Esqr] 

No. 22 

P- 144 Sir Yours of the 22^* is received. We have directed the Commis- 
saries in the several Counties of this State, not to give more than 
22.10.0 for Wheat 67..10..0 for wheat Flour 60s. for Bacon and i 
Dollar for Pork and we would not have you exceed those Prices. 
As there are such plentiful Crops of Wheat made, we expect to get 
sufficient at the Prices above mentioned and we have not given more 
than the Sums for Bacon and Pork and delivered at the Head of 
Elk. The Assembly have given us a discretionary Power of Seizing 
Provisions, which we shall certainly exercise, if sufficient cannot be 
obtained by Purchase. It is out of our Power to furnish you with 
an,y Money from the Treasury but have sent you an Order on the 
Collector of the Tax for 6ooo£ which we hope will answer the 
Purpose 

[Council to Ignatius Wheeler Jr. Esqr.] 

Sir The Lowness of our Treasury hinders us from sending you 
any Money and, as the Collector of your County has made up his 
Accounts and no Prospect of your getting any from him, you must 
endeavor to make your future Purchases in Tobacco, until we shall 
be able to give Orders for more Money. The Horses and Waggons 
you have already purchased you will have particular care taken of, 
and not to hire Waggoners for them until you receive Orders for 
their being sent forward. We cannot say any Thing respecting your 
enlisting the Waggoners as Part of our Quota, the Law not author- 
ising us. As for the Time for which Waggoner are to be hired, you 
will receive further Information, at the Time you will have Orders 
for their being sent to the Army 

[Council to Henry Hooper, Esqr.] 

Sir Your Letters of the 26"^ Ins' are received. We think neither 
the Deserters taken up nor the Men enlisted under the Act passed at 
November Session last, can be applied to the Regiment Extraor- 
dinary, but will be deducted from the Quota of your County to com- 
plete the Battalions of this State in the Continental Army. We 
wish we had it in our Power to transmit you the Sum of Money 
you require, but the Deficiency in paying the Taxes, renders it 
altogether impossible. We think every Exertion necessary to en- 
deavour to capture the Pirates, with which you are infested, and to 
assist you, we shall order down one of the State armed Boats but as 
p. 145 the Captain of her is at present sick, she will not arrive at Hooper's 
Streights by the Time appointed by M"" Smoot. We should readily 
have sent you the Swivels and Ball if we had them. Enclosed are the 
Commissions agreeable to your Request 



of the Council of Maryland. 241 

[Council to Capt. John Smoot] Lifter C C 

No. 22 
Sir Yours of the 25" Ins' we have received, and are sorry to be 

informed of your Loss in particular and the j^eneral Distress of the 
Inhabitants who are exix)sed to the Ravaj^es of the Enemy's Pie- 
caroons, aided by some of our own People. We think it necessary 
to endeavour to capture them, that they may be brought to condign 
Punishment, and have, for the Purpose, ordered down to Hoof^er's 
Streights, one of the armed State Boats ; but from the short Notice 
given and as the Captain is unwell, it will be impossible for him to 
arrive there by the Time you propose. We cannot think it justifiable, 
either to burn the Houses of the suspected, or injure them in their 
Persons, but would have the legal Steps taken to have them appre- 
hended and brought to Punishment 

[Council to John Voorhees Esqr] 

Sir We lament it is not in our Power to furnish you with Money 
from the Treasury, it being at present entirely exhausted. The 
enclosed Order for 6000, we hope, may be conveniently paid by the 
Collector of Kent County and when the Treasury is replenished, we 
will enable you to comply with your Contracts. In giving Directions 
for the Government of the several Commissaries we have invariably 
limited the Prices not to exceed 22..10..0 p Bushel for Wheat, 
67..10..0 p C* for Flour, 3f p** for Bacon & 1000 Dollars p Barrel 
for salted Pork & Beef. We wish to have the Wheat manufactured 
into such Flour as has been hitherto made for the Army. We have 
appointed M'' John Bolton of Chester Town, Issuing Commissary 
for the Eastern Shore Department, and request you to give every 
Assistance in furnishing him with the Supplies of Provision 
necessary. 

[Council to Committee of Cooperation] 

Gent" We were honored with your Letters of the 10''' and 13*'' 
enclosing a Copy of His Excellency General Washington's to you. 
We are well convinced that it is a Matter of the first Moment to fulfill 
the Engagements of this State, relative to the Supplies of Men and 
Provisions and that the most vigorous Exertions ought to be made 
to obtain them. Our Endeavours will not be remitted from a Reliance 
on other States, as fully competent to the Business. It is a ruinous 
and destructive Idea and ought to be greatly reprobated. W^e shall 
do our utmost to facilitate the Execution of the Laws formed for 
the Purpose of complying with your Requisitions 

[Council to Patrick Sim Smith Esq"'] 

Sir We have directed the Commissaries of Purchases in the p. 146 
several Counties not to give more than 22..10..0 for wheat, 67..10..0 
for Flour & 60s for Bacon. We would not have you exceed those 
16 



242 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C Prices. As there are plentiful Crops of Wheat made, we expect to 
No. 22 gg|. jj ^j^(^ ^Yie Flour for the Prices abovementioned and 60s. is the 
most we have given for Bacon, delivered at the Head of Elk. You 
have the Power of giving Certificates, which may be discontinued 
in the Payment of the present and future Assessments. We think 
you had better forward the Grain procured on the Waters imme- 
diately to the Head of Elk, directed to Col° Henry HoUingsworth, 
and approve of the Contract made with Col° Fitzhugh, as beneficial 
to the State. It is not in our Power at present, to supply you with 
any Money from the Treasury, and the Mode we have some Time 
past adopted, of giving Orders on the Collectors will not avail, as 
you are without a Collector ; so soon as it is in our Power, we shall 
supply you with Money. We have enclosed you a Copy of the Act, 
appointing Collectors. 

[Council to Capt Robert Berry] 
Sir You will proceed immediately with the State Boat Plater to 
Hooper's Streights and there receive Directions from and act in 
Concert with Capt. John Smoot, for the Suppression of the Tories 
who have been acting as Pirates in Seizing Vessels, the Property 
of the Subjects of this State. You are to make as much Dispatch as 
possible and, so soon as the Object of this Expedition is attained, 
you are to return. 

[Council to President of the Board of War] 

Sir Upon the Representation of pressing Solicitations of your 
Honorable Board, we have determined to spare 15000** Powder 
from the Stores belonging to this State, for which the Continent will 
be charged with the Current Price of that Article. By gratifying 
your Wish and our own Inclination to promote the Common Interest, 
we have reduced the State Magazine to a very low Ebb, and still fur- 
ther to demonstrate our Attachment to the Object for which America 
is strugling we would most chearfully adopt the Measure you recom- 
mend, of purchasing on the Credit of the State, if from Experience 
we were not convinced of the Impracticability. The tedious and slow 
Manner of replenishing the Treasury by Taxes, have heretofore 
compelled us to try this Expedient, which by no Means answered our 
p. 147 Expectations more especially after the first Attempt, for, relying 
upon the Punctuality of the public Collectors, we did not hesitate 
to give Assurances of Payments, but a Failure on their Parts, neces- 
sarily occasioned Disappointments to the public Creditors and in- 
jured the Credit of Government. The frequent Applications to this 
Board by Mercantile Gentlemen, induces us to think it is not to be had 
from Individuals in this State. The Powder shall be delivered to 
your Order, from the Magazine at Frederick Town when you shall 
think proper to send for it. 



of the Council of Maryland. 243 

[Council to Mr. John Beall, p Geo. County] Lilx-r C C 

. . No. 22 

Sir Yours of the 20'*' Ins' we have received, and wish we had it 

in our Power to furnish you witli the Sum of Money you require. 

We recommend it to you to make as many of your Contracts for 

Tobacco, as possible, as that Article can be more conveniently 

spared from the Treasury than Money. You have enclosed, an 

Order on the Collector of Prince George's for £ which, if 

immediately received may assist your Purchase. This is all we can 

do, until the Taxes come in. We think it best to have the Horses 

put out to Pasture, until we can adopt a Mode of sending them 

forward to the Army 



Monday 31^' July 1780 July 31 

Present as on Saturday, except John H. Stone Esq"" No. 23 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Ann Arundel County 

pay to Joshua Dorsey jun'' Ten thousand Pounds to be expended in 

the Purchase of Horses under the Act to procure an Extra Supply 

of Provisions &" & to be Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Queen Anns County pay to 

Charles Blake Commissary for said County six thousand Pounds 

on Account 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to John BuUen Esq"" Two 

thousand Dollars to be expended in the Purchase of Straw & Plank 

for the accommodation of the Officers and Soldiers now encamped 

near this City to be accounted for. 

[Gov. Lee to Capt. William Woolford] Liber C C 

Sir We request you and you are hereby empowered to take the p. 147" 
Command of the Plater State Boat and proceed with her down to 
Hooper's Streights, for the Purpose of Co-operating with Cap' 
Smoot in subduing and capturing the Enemy or disaffected Inhabi- 
tants of this State, who have for some Time, infested the Trade in 
that Quarter and committed Depredations on the good People of the 
State, who are situated within their Reach. The Officers and Men 
on Board the said Vessel Plater are required and hereby directed 
to act in subserviency to all your lawful Commands and this shall be 
your and their Warrant. 

[Council to Delegates in Congress] 

Gent" Enclosed you have a Few more Copies of the " Act to 
enable the Treasurer of the Western Shore to draw and sell Bills 
of Exchange and for an Emission of Bills of Credit if necessary " 
which be pleased to transmit for the Purpose expressed in ours of 



244 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C the 19* Ins* You will observe by the within Act that this Board is 
No. 22 authorised and requested, in Case the Bills are not sold within thirty 
Days, to have Bills of Credit emitted to the Amount, and on the 
Credit of the thirty Thousand Pounds therein mentioned. We are 
further requested by a Resolution of the General Assembly of the 
5*"^ Instant, to prepare for the Emission in Case it should be found 
necessary. The Time limited being nearly expired and the Bills not 
yet sold, we have, in Consequence, engaged M*" Green to go to Phila- 
delphia, for the Purpose of procuring Paper and Plates, and he is 
desired to take your Directions as to the Denomination, Device, 
and Marks of each Bill, which we beg you will choose and determine 
on, and give him your Aid in the Execution of this our Commission. 

p. 148 [Council to Charles Blake, Esqr.] 

Sir We have received your Letters of the 27'*^ and of this Date. 
It gives us real Concern that it is wholly out of our Powers to supply 
you with Cash at present. The enclosed Order on the Collector of 
Queen Ann's County for 6ooo£ is the only Expedient we can devise 
by which you have a Chance of an immediate Supply of the Article 
you deem essentially necessary to give Life to your Commission. 
There is no great Credit derived from declaring a Willingness to 
supply the Necessaries for subsisting the Army, if those Articles are 
withheld, unless the highest Price is paid for them in Cash. The 
Sincerity of Professions, is best proved by corresponding Actions. 
We cannot send you an Order on the Eastern Shore Treasurer, as 
he is possessed of a subsisting Order of this Board, to transmit to 
M'' Harwood the Treasurer of this Shore, all the Money he receives. 
The Commissaries who applied for Directions, are limited not to 
exceed 67..10..0 "p C* for Flour 22..10..0 p Bushel of wheat 3^ "p ** 
for Bacon and £375 "p Barrel for Pork and Beef. 



August I Tuesday i^* August 1780 

Liber C B ,-, ^ i. j 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 

p. 178 Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Cecil County to pay 
to Barack Williams Commissary for said County six thousand 
Pounds to be Accounted for. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert Reith Messenger 
to the Governor and Council one hundred and Twenty five Pounds 
for one Month Salary to the first Instant. 

Whereas it is necessary that Vessels should be immediately pro- 
vided to transport the Troops of the United States from Annapolis 
to the Common Wealth of Virginia on their March to join the Mary- 
land Division in Carolina and it being impracticable to procure a 
sufficient Number of Vessels on line. You are hereby authorized 



of the Council of Maryland. 245 



and empowered to empress as many Vessels and hands as will be I-ifje 
necessary for transportinij- the Trooijs aforesaifl with their Bagj^age ' ''' 



\\>CT C B 
necessary for transporting the Troops aforesaifl with their Bagjjage ^"' ^^ 
from Annapolis to Virginia. To Capt. William Middleton. 



[Council to Henry Downes Esqr. Collr of Caroline CountyJ Lihcr C C 
^ No. 22 

Sir We feel sensibly for the Distresses of those who are in the p. i4« 
Circumstances you describe. The Money which is directed to be 
levied is expressly applied by the Legislature and as the Law pro- 
vides no Relief, it is in vain to apply to those who are incompetent 
to that Purpose. We have no dispensing Power, nor can we, in 
Virtue of our Office, for one Moment suspend the Operation of an 
Act of the General Assembly. 

[Council to Jno Dockery Thompson Esqr Lieut Cecil County] 

Sir Yours of the 31*' we have received. Though the Law con- 
cerning Deserters is general, yet we think it never could be the Inten- 
tion of the Legislature to include Deserters from other States, as 
no Benefit would arise to this State from them, they being subject to 
be taken by the State to which they belong. We think the Recruits 
for the Regiment Extraordinary are entitled to the Bounty of two 
hundred Dollars &" and in some Instances, we have issued the Money 
to them. Our Treasury is entirely exhausted, we therefore have 
drawn an Order in your Favor, on the Collector of the Tax for 
£6000 to enable you to advance to the Recruits. It is out of our 
Power at present to supply the Recruits with Cloathing we expect 
we shall be enabled to do it, by the Time they reach Chester Town, p. 149 
where those enlisted on your Shore are ordered, and where there 
are ofificers to receive, and Provisions made for them and you will 
be so obliging as to send those recruited in your County to that 
Place 

[Council to Colo. Henry Hollingsworth] 

Sir We are informed by Cap* Middleton of the State Boat 
Dolphin, who returned last Night from the Capes, that the Bay 
is entirely clear of the Enemys Vessels, unless those of the smaller 
Kind still lurk in the Neighbourhood, of the Tangiers. By Cap' Mid- 
dleton who went with the Arms & Ammunition entrusted to your 
Care, we are also informed that they were safely landed at the Head 
of Wicomico in Virginia Every Assistance in the Power of this 
Board, is afiforded M'' Williams to enable him to execute his Com- 
mission. The Advantages & Convenience of purchasing in your 
County, in Preference to almost any other in the State, are apparent. 
We have no immediate Occasion for Capt. Howell's Vessel 

[Council to Colo. Forrest] 
Sir We request you will furnish Cap' Middleton with an Officer 
and sufficient Number of Men to man the State Boat Dolphin, under 



246 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C Orders to proceed to Hooper's Streights for the Purpose of Co- 
^^ operating with Capt. Smoot in subduing and capturing the Enemy 
who have lately committed Depredations on the Trade and Inhabi- 
tants of this State in that Quarter 

[Council to Baruch Williams Esqr] 

Sir Enclosed you have an Order on the Collector of Cecil County 
for £6000: The Treasury will not afford you a Supply of Money, 
at present; but as the Collectors are greatly deficient in their Pay- 
ments, and we shall probably have an Emission of Money shortly, 
it may be in our Power to furnish you with a Sufficiency to comply 
with your Contracts. We have limited the Commissaries who applied 
for Instructions, not to exceed £375 p Barrel for Pork & Beef, 
67..10..0 p C for Flour, 22..10..0 p Bushel for Wheat and 3£ p ** 
for Bacon 
p. 150 [Council to Capt. Wm. Middleton] 

Sir We request you to Proceed in the State Boat Dolphin down 
to Hooper's Streights, for the Purpose of Co-operating with Cap* 
Smoot in subduing and capturing the Enemy or disaffected Inhabi- 
tants of this State who have for some Time infested the Trade in 
that Quarter and committed Depredations on the good People of the 
State, who are situated within their Reach. We wish you Success & 
a quick Return. 

Liber C B Wednesday 2*^ August 1780 

No. 23 
August 2 Present as on yesterday. 

p. 179 Ordered That the Armourer deliver to Capt William Middleton 

of the State Boat Dolphin 20 i Powder 15 1 Musket Ball half Quire 

Cartridge Paper and 8 Swivel Aprons. 

That the said Armourer deliver to Lieut. Sam' Lane what Car- 
tridges he may want, taking an Account of the same. 

That M*" John Crisall deliver to Capt. William Middleton 5 GalP 
Rum and 10 i Brown Sugar in full for his Monthly Allowance in 
those Articles. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. William Middleton 
Three hundred Pounds on Account 

That the Collector of the Tax for Harford County pay to Samuel 
Lee six thousand Pounds to be expended in the Purchase of horses 
&" under the Act to procure an Extra Supply of Provisions &'^* on 
Account. 

[Council to John Voorhees, Esqr] 

Sir The above is a Copy of a Letter sent you by Docf Tillotson 
the 2g^^ Ult° in answer to your several Letters preceeding that Date, 



of the Council of Maryland. 247 

for which you will make Enquiry ; and hope the Order therein may Liber C B 
answer your present Purposes. It is not in our Power to furnish you '^^ ^^ 
with any Money from the Treasury 



Thursday 3'^ August 1 780 Aogust 3 

p. 179 

Present as on yesterday. John H. Stone Esq'' attended. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Isaac M'^Hard 
one thousand two hundred and twenty five Pounds due him p 
Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

[Council to William Razin Esqr] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir The Treasury is so extremely low, that it is not in our Power p. 150 

at present, to supply you with Money ; when it will better afford it, 

we will furnish you : in the mean Time you are to make most of the 

enclosed Order on the Collector of Kent for £ The Prospect 

of its being paid shortly, may procure you a Credit. We wish you 

to make some of your Contracts for Tobacco, if it is practicable to 

do it on Terms tolerably advantageous to the State 

[Gov Lee to His Exy Govr. Jefiferson] 

Sir A certain Stephen Mister of the State of Virginia, stands 
indicted in the General Court of this State, for High Treason com- 
mitted within this State : He was committed to the Goal of Balimore 
County from whence he escaped. Soon after which, he was appre- 
hended in Virginia and delivered to the Sheriff of Worcester County, 
to be returned to Baltimore, but he again made his Escape. I am 
informed he is now confined at Richmond to take his Trial at the 
approaching Court, for Treason against the State of Virginia, and 
that it is apprehended the Testimony will be incomplete from the 
Absence of Witnesses. Should he be acquitted from the Insuffi- 
ciency of Evidence, I must solicit your Excellency to direct a Delivery 
of him to an Officer of this State for the Purpose of being tried for 
the Offence perpetrated against the State of Maryland and to that 
End I have enclosed your Excellency a Transcript of the Record p. 151 
under Seal. 

Friday 4*^ August 1780. Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. August 4 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to James Brice P' ^"^ 
Esq*" one thousand Pounds, the further Sum of one thousand Pounds, 
the further Sum of one thousand Pounds and also the further Sum of 
nine hundred and Twenty six Pounds ten shillings in part of his 
Salary on Account. 



248 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Charles Greenbury Griffith 
No. 23 ^^Q thousand six hundred Pounds on Account and also three thou- 
sand one hundred Pounds in Virtue of the Act to procure Recruits 
to complete the Battalions &'''' on Account. 

Commissions issued to Samuel Blackmore app'' i** Lieut & Thomas 
Chilton 2^ Lieut of Capt. Arch"^ Aliens Comp^ belonging to the Upper 
Batt of Militia in Montgomery County, also to Sam' Offutt i Lieut, 
Bennett Greenwell 2'' Lieut. Jos. Barnes Ens. of Capt. Benj^' Ray's 
Comp^. Thomas Owen 2^ Lieut, Henry Nelson Ens. of Capt. Thomas 
Conner's Comp^ Griffith Davis i Lieut. William Williams j"" 2'^ 
Lieut. John Adamson Ens. of Capt. Lodowick Yost's Co. Benja- 
min Ricketts Capt in the room of Hezekiah Griffith Benjamin Gray 
I Lieut Jacob Elliott 2'^ Lieut. Joseph Ricketts Ens. belonging to the 
Middle Batt. of Militia in the County aforesaid and also to Dan' 
Rhintzell Capt. in the room of Will™ Carter, Tobias Yost i Lieut, 
Anthony Rhintzell 2^ Lieut. John Peter Lang Ens. Jesse Willcoxen 
Capt. in the room of William Johnson, Sam' B. Magruder i L' Wil- 
liam Talbott 2^ Lieut. Rich'' Blacklock Ens. Aaron Harris Capt. in 
the room of Rob* Beall Zadock Harris i Lieut. John Trundell 2^ 
Lieut. & Thomas Beall Ens. belonging to the Lower Battalion of 

or polacca Militia in Montgomery County aforesaid. 

is a vessel Commission of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to Francis 
three masts, Raveneau Commander of the Polacre Peter 50 Tons burthen, navi- 
each of one gated by 14 men mounting 4 Carriage Guns belonging to Samuel 
p. 180 & Robert Purviance and others of Baltimore. 

Liber C C [Council to Thomas Richardson Esqr] 

No. 22 
p." 151 Sir The present low State of the Treasury makes it quite imprac- 
ticable to furnish you with any Money ; when it is in our Power, you 
shall be informed. Having no printed Certificates, we enclose you a 
written one, which you will make use of 



August 7 Monday 7* August 1780 

No. 23 Present as on Friday Jerem^ T. Chase Esq*" Attended. 
P' ' ° Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Maj"" Edward 
Giles of the Regim' Extra 100 Blanketts. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Patrick Burke Forty 
five Pounds on Account. 

Liber C C [Council to M'' Thomas Donellan] 

No 22 
p.' 151 Sir This Board lately purchased of Mess""^ John Dorsey & Com- 
pany, ten Hh"^* of Rum, which you are requested to receive from 
them and send to this Post by Cap' Berry of the State Boat Plater, 
who will be with you in a few Days 



of the Council of Maryland. 249 

[Council to Matthew Ridley J'2sqr.] Liber C C 

Sir We received a Letter from M"" Chase dated the first of this 
Instant, informinjj us you would let the State have 345 Blankets 
and 500 pair of shoes. We are much in Want of those Articles and 
agree to take them on the Terms mentioned in that Letter, a Copy 
of which you have enclosed. If Continental Money and State Money 
should appreciate before Payment, you are to make a proportional 
Deduction ; the Depreciation and Appreciation to be ascertained by 
comparing the Exchange between Gold and Paper Money at the 
Time of Contract and Time of Payment. Cap' Berry has Orders to 
receive the Blankets and Shoes, and will apply for them in a Few 
Days. M'' Chase informs us you would undertake to procure a 
Quantity of Course Linen suitable for Shirts and overalls imme- 
diately. We want 2000 Yards of Dowlas from 10'^ to 12^ "p yard or 
other Linen of like Quality, and four thousand Yards of Oznabrigs, 
from y^ to q'' "p Ell, and request you would supply us, as soon as you 
possibly can, and let us know when we may expect to be furnished 

[Council to Capt. Robert Berry] 

Sir You are desired to apply to M'' M. Ridley of Baltimore Town 
for three hundred and forty five Blankets and five hundred Pair of 
Shoes, purchased of him by this Board, which you are to bring to 
this Post, with the Rum in M*" Donnellan's Hands, or as much 
thereof, as may be brought with Conveniency. 



p. 180 



Tuesday 8'^ August 1780 August 8 

Liber C B 
Present as on yesterday. No.^ 23 

Commission of Letters of Marque & Reprisal issued to William 
Taylor Commander of the Brigantine Duke of Leinster 100 Tons 
burthen, navigated by 60 men mounting 16 Carriage Guns, 2 Swivels 
and 20 small Arms, belong^ to Will'" Neill of Balt° 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Alex*" Contee 
Hanson Esq*" Judge of the General Court three thousand seven hun- 
dred and Fifty Pounds due him p account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John M'^Henry six thousand 
Pounds for the like Sum borrowed of him in Virtue of a Resolution 
of the Gen' Assembly of the y^^ of May last, for the Purpose of 
bearing the Expences of the Officers of the Maryland Division on 
their March to reinforce the Southern Army. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut William Woolford one hun- 
dred and ten Pounds due him p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said Lieut. William Woolford 
Two hundred and Eighty three Pounds, five shillings due him p 
Ace' passed by the Aud. G' 



250 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Mess''* Gilmore & Russell six thou- 
°' "^ sand six hundred and sixteen Pounds in part of an Order drawn by 
John Randall State Clothier for Linen purchased of them for the 
use of the Maryland Officers. 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Lieut. William Woolford 
14 Gallons of Rum and 50 i brown Sugar in full of those Articles of 
his Allowance for the Months of January, February, March, April, 
May June & July. 

That the Armourer deliver to James Williams 2 pair of Handcuffs 
the price to be ascertained hereafter. 

Liber C C [Council to Capt Geo P. Keeports] 

No. 22 
P- 152 Sir Cap* Swan lately purchased a Quantity of Plank for State 
Purposes. We have not occasion for it, at this Time, therefore 
request you will immediately dispose of it to the best Advantage. 
We are informed Part of it is already stolen and the rest in a very 
insecure State. The Proceeds, we desire you will pay over to Mess" 
Russel and Gilmour in Part of fifteen Thousand six hundred and 
sixteen Pounds due them for Necessaries furnished M"" Randall, Sub- 
Clothier for the Use of the Maryland Troops 



Liber C B Wednesday 9'*^ August 1780 

No. 23 
August^g Present as on yesterday 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Adam Miller 
ninety nine Pounds due him -p account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Shaw Two hundred and forty 
seven Pounds sixteen shillings due him p ace' passed by the Aud. 
Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Alexander Lawson Smith 
Two hundred & seventy eight Pounds five shillings due him p 
Ace* passed By the Aud. Gen' 
181 Ordered That John Purnall the late Collector of the Tax for Wor- 
cester County pay to Col° Joseph Dashiell Commissary for said 
County three thousand nine hundred Pounds on Account 

That the Collector or Collectors that may hereafter be appointed 
for said County pay to the aforesaid Col° Joseph Dashiell ten thou- 
sand Pounds to be Accounted for and also to John Stewart Contrac- 
tor for Horses &'^^ in said County twelve thousand Pounds to be by 
him Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Calvert County pay to Thomas 
Jones Contractor for Horses &" Twelve thousand Pounds to be 
accounted for. 



p- 



of the Council of Maryland. 251 

That the Collector of the Tax for Ann Arunrlcl County pay to LiU-r C B 
Richard Cowman Contractor for Horses &" five thousand Pounds ^^' ^^ 
on Account and also to 'i'hotnas Snowden six thousand Pounds to 
be delivered over to Joshua Dorscy jun"" Contractor for Horses on 
Ace* 

That the Collector or Collectors for Worcester County pay to Col" 
Joseph Dashiell Two thousand three hundred and fifty two Pounds, 
Eleven shillings and three pence on Account. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to James Bartclay Two 
hundred and Twenty five Pounds due him p Ace' passed by the 
Aud. Gen' & to be charged to the Reg* Extra. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson jun' Ci to the 
Gov"" & Council four hundred and sixteen Pounds, thirteen shillings 
and four pence for i m° Salary to i Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq"" one hundred and 
thirty five Pounds in part of his Salary on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Jonathan Sellman one hun- 
dred & Eighteen Pounds, fifteen shillings and the further sum of 
one hundred and Eighty eight Pounds, seven shillings and six Pence 
due him p Acc*^ passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to the said Capt. Jon^ Sell- 
man 9 Gallons of Rum and 24 i brown Sugar. 

Commissions issued to John Postley app*^ Maj"" Isaac Evans Capt. 
in the room of John Postley, Sam' H. Round Capt in the room of 
John Ratliff & William Stevenson i Lieut belonging to the Sine- 
puxent Batt. of Militia in Worcester County. 

[Council to the Purchasers of Horses &ca on the Eastern Shore] Liber c C 

Sir We request you to have all the Horses, Waggons &"* pur- ^°is2~ 
chased or otherwise procured by you for public Service, sent, with 
all Expedition to the Head of Elk, and delivered to Col° Henry Hol- 
lingsworth, taking his Receipt for them 

[Council to Capt. Berry] 

Cap* Berry You are to be in full Readiness to take the Continental 
Troops at this Place on Board, early tomorrow Morning : you will 
proceed with them and the Vessel with you, to such Place in Vir- 
ginia, as shall be directed by the Commanding Officer, taking par- 
ticular Care to keep out of the Way of all the Enemy's Vessels and. 
as soon as you have landed the Troops, you will return, convoying 
the Vessel which goes down with you, to this Place 

[Council to George Dashiell Esqr.] 

Sir We are sorry to hear you have not procured the Quota re- 
quired from your County for the Regiment Extraordinary and for 



252 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C completing the Battalions of this State in the Continental Service. 
No. 22 ^g must refer you to the " Act to regulate the Militia," as your 
Guide in the Appointment of Officers to command the Militia which 
may be ordered from Somerset, in Virtue of the " Act to expedite 
the raising an additional Battalion of Regulars." The Rank of 
Militia Officers still remains unsetled and to fix and determine the 
Rank of a Part ; it will be necessary to settle the Whole. You will 
readily conceive that much Time will be necessary for the Comple- 
tion of this Business and that the Circumstances of our Affairs will, 
by no Means, admit of our giving the Attention, at this Time, which 
the subject requires ; we therefore hope you will let this Matter 
remain in its present State and that you will not meet the Difficulty 
p- 153 you apprehend, on this Occasion. We recommend to you to take the 
Certificates which were given. Those who did not comply with 
their Contracts on Account of the unexpected Severity of the last 
winter. An Account of the Arms and Ammunition in Somerset we 
shall expect by the first convenient Opportunity 

[Council to William Hemsley Esqr.] 

Sir We request you will send by Tilghman's Boat, the whole of 
the Flour in your Hands of the late Purchase made of you by this 
Board. Mr. Ringrose, the Commander of the Boat, has Directions 
to bring it to the Post for the Use of the Troops now here. 



Liber C B Thursday lo*'' August 1780 

August 10 Present as on yesterday. 

p. 181 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. William 
Reily Fifty four Pounds ten shillings due him -p Ace' passed by the 
Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut. William Adams seventy 
three Pounds ten shillings due him p ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That M'' John Crisall issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. William 
Reily 30 GalP of Rum for the use of himself and the Troops under 
his Command. 

August II Friday ii''' August 1780 

Present as on yesterday 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Robert 
Berry Two hundred & Eighty four Pounds, five shillings due him p 
ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 
p. 182 Ordered that the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. Robert 
Berry of the Plater 5 Gallons of Rum & 10 lbs Brown Sugar in 
full of his Monthly Allowance in those Art'^ to the 2f^ Inst. — and 
also to Mary McDonald 3 Rations of Provisions. 



of the Council of Maryland. 253 

That the Collector of the Tax for Charles County pay to John 11. LiUr C B 
Stone to be delivered over to Leonard Clements seven hundred and ^'^- ^^ 
fifty Dollars for Freight of Bacon procured by Daniel Jenifer Esff 

Commission issued to Thomas Gassaway appointed Register of 
Wills for Ann Arundel County in the room of Elic Vallette Deceased. 

Pardons granted to Negro Sambo Slave of a certain Rebecca King 
of Charles County convicted in Charles County August Court for 
Felony and also to Negro Tom the property of Richard Boarman 
of said County convicted in the same Court for Felony. 

[Council to Commrs of Cecil County] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Gent" We are this Day informed by a Letter from Baruch Wil- p. 153 

liams Esq*" that a Quantity of Flour which was procured last winter, 
is detained at Appoquiminink Landing. This Article is much want- 
ing with the Army ; we must request you to use your utmost Influence 
to have the Flour forwarded with all Expedition, and we shall pay 
the Amount of Storage &'"" which has, unjustifiably, occasioned the 
Detention, as soon as we are informed of the exact sum, for which 
you will give an Order on us. Adopt any other Method by which 
this Business may be accomplished with more Ease. 

[Council to Baruch Williams Esqr.] 

Sir By the late " Act to procure a Loan " the Agents are directed 
to deposite the Money S*^^ borrowed, with the Treasurer; but, as 
Matters are circumstanced you may apply the Money procured by 
you, in Virtue of that Law, to purchase Provisions, and, when its 
convenient, you may obtain an Order from this Board, for such Sum 
as shall be applied to such Purpose. We can, by no Means consent 
to your buying Wheat and Flour, at the extravagant Prices given 
by the Purchasers from the neighbouring States. Our Instructions 
to the several Commissaries have uniformly been, not to exceed 
67..io..O'p Cen* for Flour, 22..10..0 p Bsh' for wheat 375 £ p B" for 
Pork & Beef and 3 £ p" for Bacon. These Instructions were to gov- 
ern you in your Contracts, and we cannot avoid thinking you will 
be more Successful than you imagine. We are induced to form this 
Opinion from the abundant Crops of the present year, from the 
real Scarcity of Money and, above all, the generous Prices oflFered. 
The Enclosure is a Line written to the Comm"'* of Cecil County, to 
have the public Flour at Appoquiminink, sent forward to Camp 
immediately. You have a Copy of the Law & Papers required, also a p i^,^ 
List of those who have already been relieved. 

[Council to Jno. Caile Harrison Esq"" Dorchester County] 

Sir Yours of the 9"^ Ins' is received. We now enclose you the 
Order on the Collector of your County for 6ooo£ which was omitted, 



254 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C you are not to exceed the limited Prices. We request you to have 
^°- ^^ the Bacon Pork, and Flour which you have procured, sent to this 
Place, as soon as possible. It is not in our Power to supply you with 
Money to make a Purchase of Beef, nor are we requested to purchase 
that Commodity. Any Beef that you may receive for Taxes, you 
will have pastured and inform us of the Quantity 

[Council to Andrew Buchanan Esqr.] 

Sir We this Morning received your Letter of the 6*^ with its 
Enclosure and the Letter from the Commissioners of Baltimore 
County, covering the Recommendation of Inspectors for that County. 
It is impossible for us to furnish you with 40,ooof our Treasury is 
entirely exhausted, and it would be of little Avail to give you an 
Order upon the Collector of your County, as we understand he has 
none in Hand. We understand several of the Lieutenants have exer- 
cised the Power of granting Warrants, to distrain the Goods of the 
Persons who compose the Classes that have neglected to procure 
Substitutes for the 15 "p Cent, though the Lieutenant could not 
obtain one for that Sum, for this Reason; if the Lieutenant could 
not get a Man for the 15 "p Cent, and it should be his Opinion that 
he could not issue his Warrant in that Case for the 15 p Cent, the 
Law would be evaded, the Intention of which is, that each Man 
should pay according to his Assessment. Besides we apprehend 
it is in the Power of the Lieutenant to get the Money, as soon as 
he engages the Substitute; for when the Lieutenant agrees with a 
Man for a certain Sum, he can issue his Warrant against the Indi- 
viduals of the Class for that Sum. 

p. 15s [Council to Capts Murdock, Bailey, Gillispie & Capt. Lt. Cock] 

Sir You are appointed Cap' in the Regiment Extraordinary raised 
by this State, If you accept thereof we request you to apply to Col° 
for the Recruits raised in County and have them marched, 
as soon as can be done consistant with their Health to this Place ; we 
also request you to notify to us by the Return of the Bearer hereof, 
your Determination, respecting your Appointment 



Liber C B Monday 14"^ August 1780 

August 14 Present as on Friday. 

p. 182 Thomas Gassaway appointed Dep^ Aud. in the room of Elie Val- 
lette deceased produced a Certificate of his Qualification which was 
ordered to be filed. 

Commissions of Letters of Marque & Reprisal issued to James 
Clifton Commander of the Brig Hawke 80 Tons burthen navigated 
by 31 Men, mounting 10 Carriage Guns, 6 Swivels & 14 Small arms 



of the Council of Maryland. 255 

belonging to William Smith & others of Baltimore and also to Litter C B 
Thomas Steel Commander of the Schooner Tucker navigated by '^ ^•' 
21 Men 85 Tons burthen mounting 10 Car. Guns belonging to 
Richard Curson and Comp*' of Baltimore. 

[Council to John Voorhees Esqr] Lilier C C 

No. 22 
Sir Your Letter of the 8"' Ins' we have received. If the Orders P- »55 

on the Collectors are not paid and the People will not take Certifi- 
cates, it will answer no good Purpose to continue your Purchases, 
from an Expectation of obtaining an adequate Supply of Money, 
from us ; for our Treasury is empty, and we are destitute of the 
Means of filling it, nor can we say when it will be in our Power to 
furnish our Commissaries with Money to enable them to execute the 
Law ; but if you had it, we think you ought not to exceed the Limi- 
tations mentioned in our former Letter, because we are certain that 
a Sufificient Quantity of Wheat and Flour can be procured on the 
Western Shore at these Prices 



Tuesday 15'^ August 1780 ?-,'ber C B 

Present as on yesterday. August 15 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Rasin 

Contractor for Horses &'^^ in Kent County 20000 i of Tobacco to be 

accounted for at £47.. 10 p O and also Six Pounds in Specie 

That the Collector of the Tax for Kent County pay to the said 

William Raisin 18000 is of Tobacco to be by him Acc*^ for a 47-10 

•p Cent 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Mary Shelmire a Soldiers 

Wife in the 4'^ Regim' one ration -p day until further orders. 

[Council to Mr. Isaac Griest] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir If any of the Flour which you procured, in Virtue of the Act P- 155 

for the immediate Supply &" still remains in your Hands ; we 

request you will deliver it to M"" Donnellan of Baltimore Town, any 

former Orders of this Board to the Contrary, notwithstanding. 

[Council to Wm. Smith Esqr.] 

Sir We have received yours of the 12* Instant and shall rely 
upon your Endeavors to procure Flour for the Spanish Fleets and 
Armies in the West Indies, on Terms the least prejudicial to the 
public Interest. The Flour procured by M*" Griest, we had Reason 
to believe, was sent forward to Camp, but should any remain in his 
Hands, we expect he will deliver it over to M"" Donnellan and to that 
Purpose have enclosed you a line to M"" Griest. The desired Permit 
for lading the Gen'. Lincoln and Holker you will also find enclosed 



256 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Colo. Baker Johnson] 

No. 22 
P- 156 Sir We request you will have delivered, to the Order of the 
Hoiible Board of War fifteen thousand Pounds of Powder from the 
State Magazine, near Frederick Town 



August 16 Wednesday 16 August 1780 

Liber C B 

^°- 82 Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That the Western shore Treasurer pay to Joseph East- 
man thirteen thousand, three hundred and forty three Pounds, fifteen 
shillings for 26 pieces Irish Linen bought of him & delivered to 
John Muir. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John M'^ Coy who served faithfully 
in the 3"^ Maryland Regim' and has had the misfortune to loose his 
Leg one hundred and Fifty Pounds to enable him to return to his 
Friends in S' Mary's. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Mahoney five hundred and 
six Pounds, five shillings for 15 p'' shoes bought of him & deliv*^ to 
John Muir. 
p. 183 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Richard Sprigg 
Esq*" to be paid over to James Hindman Esq"" Contractor for Horses 
in Talbot Two thousand Pounds. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Aaron Ringrose six hundred and 
ninety Pounds due him "p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

On the Application of William Smith Esq*" of Baltimore Town 
who is to this purpose commissioned and authorized by Robert 
'Morris Esq'' of Philadelphia who is Agent for the Supply of his 
Catholic Majesty's Fleets and Armies in the Spanish Colonies in the 
West Indies Licence is hereby granted to Lade and Export in the 
Sloop General Lincoln and Schooner Holker now lying in the Port 
of Baltimore their Cargoes of Flour for the use aforesaid on their 
Clearing out at the proper Office and complying with the requisitions 
heretofore directed. 

Liber C C [Council to Matthew Ridley Esqr] 

No. 22 
p. 156 Sir. We wrote you on the 7"" Ins* that we would take the Blankets 

and Shoes, as agreed on by I. T. Chase Esq'' and expected to have 
received them by Cap* Berry. We request you to send them by Cap* 
Middleton, who waits on you for this Purpose. We must beg your 
Attention and Answer to that Part of our Letter relative to furnish- 
ing us with Coarse Linens &*=^ If you have any brown Thread, we 
wish you to send us 12^ 



of the Council of Maryland. 257 

Thursday 17"' August 1780 Lil^er C B 

Present as yesterday Dan' Carroll Esq*" attended. Augusl 17 

Ordered That M"" John Shaw flelivcr to John Bullen Rsq*" as much P- '^3 
small rope as he may want for Halters for the State Horses &" 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to John BuUen all the Corn 
in his Possession Lodged by Col" Robosson and M'' Harwood. 

That William Yielding deliver to the said John Bullen all the Bran 
in his Possession belonging to this State. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Serjeant Richard Wheeler 
Two hundred Pounds to defray his Expences to Frederick County 
to order down Recruits for Extra Reg' 

Commissions of Letters of Marque & Reprizal issued to John 
Hanson Commander of the Brig Viper 150 Tons burthen navigated 
by 50 men, mounting 14 Carriage Guns belonging to David Stewart 
& others of Baltimore, to Frederick Folger Commander of the 
Schooner Felicity 106 Tons burthen, navigated by 25 men, mounting 
10 Carriage Guns, to Jeremiah Yellet Commander of the Schooner 
Antilope 130 Tons burthen navigated by 40 Men mounting 14 Car- 
riage Guns belonging to John Sterrett, Jesse Hollingsworth and 
others of Baltimore and also to Joses Hill Commander of the 
Schooner Grampus 50 Tons burthen navigated by 10 Men, mount- 
ing 4 Carriage Guns, 4 Swivels & 4 Small Arms belonging to Henry 
Brown &C° of Baltimore Town 

John Wigglesworth a native of great Britain who hath lately 
arrived in this State that is to say within three months last passed, 
Appeared before the Governor and Council and before them did take 
repeat and Subscribe the Oath of Support and Fidelity to this State 
contained in the Act to punish certain Crimes and Misdemeanors and 
to prevent the Growth of Torysm 

Friday iS**" August 1780 Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. August 18 

Pardon granted to Negro Bob of Montgomery County the slave P' ^^^ 

of a certain Bartholomew Booth convicted in Montgomery Court for 

Horse Stealing 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Jonathan Chob p. 184 

a Recruit for the Regim' Extra i Coat i Jacket i p"" Overalls i Shirt. 

I p'' Shoes and i hat the Bounty allowed by the Gen' Assemblv. 

Saturday 19"' August 1780 August 19 

Present as on yesterday 

Ordered That John Crisall issuing Commissary procure a sutli- 
cient Quantity of Soap for the Regim' Extra allowing 8f for every 
100 men p week. 
17 



258 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Andw. Buchanan, Josh'a Beall & Rich'd Dallam Esqrs.] 
p.' 156 Sir John Hamilton and Edw"* Joes of Baltimore County, William 
Usher and Thomas Wall of Prince Georges County and Edmund 
Burgess of Harford County, have been adjudged altogether unfit for 
military Service and are therefore returned to you. We think the 
Classes which found these Men, are improperly exempted, and that, 
at any Rate, they ought not to be admitted to the Credit of the 
County 

August 21 Monday 21^' August 1780 

Liber C B ^ o ^ 1 

No. 23 Present as on Saturday. 

p. 184 Ordered That M'' John Shaw deliver to Col° Peter Waters 100 
Musket Ball and 2 1 Powder to be returned in kind. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Sam' M'^Lane & 
Ens Ignatius Boone of the Reg' Extra each i piece of Brittanies in 
part of the Articles all'' by the Gen' Assembly. 

That M'" Crisall Issuing Commissary deliver to the Officers of the 
Regim' Extra Rum and Sugar according to their Returns allowing 
2 GalP Rum -p Officer p month and 8 is Brown Sugar -p Off 
p M° charging the same to said Reg* 

That the Collector of the Tax for Fred County pay to Col° Tho^ 
Price Commissary for said County Two thousand Two hundred and 
Fifty Pounds to be by him Accounted for. 

That the said Collector pay to the said Col° Thomas Price seven 
thousand Eight hundred and seventy five Pounds to be expended 
in the Purchase of Hatts for the Army 

Liber C C [Council to the Purchasing Commissaries] 

p. 156 Sir So much depends on your Success in procuring an immediate 
Supply of Provision for the Army that we Suffer the greatest 
Anxiety in finding you are under any Difficulties in executing the 
Business entrusted to you ; in order to facilitate it all in our Power 
we have enclosed Pounds of Tobacco, which we request you to 

dispose of on the best Terms you can, not under and to apply it 

towards the Purchase of Provision. We are sensible this will go 
but a very little way, yet it may be of some Assistance, distributed 
among those whose wants are most pressing until we can send you 
a further Supply which we shall attend to when in our Power. 
From the Difficulty of procuring the necessary Materials, we are 
afraid it will be at least three weeks before the Treasury will be sup- 
p. 157 plied with the new Money to be emitted under the Act to enable the 
Treasurer of the Western shore to draw and sell Bills of Exchange 
and for an Emission of Bills of Credit if necessary. When that is 
done you will receive a share of it and it will be proper to make your 



of the Council of Maryland. 259 

Contracts at 40 for I in the new Money at which Rate the Public Liber C C 
will Receive it again for Taxes. We have likewise thought projjcr ^°- " 
to direct the Lieutenants of the Counties, to orrler into your Hands 
any Wheat which tlic People may be inclinable to deliver for the 
15 p C under the Law for fdling up our battalions. As this will 
certainly be a great Ease to the People, we flatter ourselves it will, 
at the same Time contribute considerably to the material End in 
View. We have certain Intelligence that the Army under His Ex^ 
the Commander in Chief is encreasing very rapidly, the Object of the 
Campaign continues the same and immediate and considerable Sup- 
plies of Provisions are indispensably necessary. In Addition to the 
Articles of Provision mentioned in the Laws forwarded to you, we 
find it necessary to direct you to procure what Beef you can, on the 
Hoof and in proper Condition. It will be necessary, when a Sufficient 
Number are collected, to hire proper Persons to have them driven 
and delivered to The Price must be left to your own Discretion, 

and depend on the Information you may receive of wliat it is gen- 
erally sold at, making a proper Allowance in Favor of the State for 
the Purchase being made in large Quantities. By the Resolve of Con- 
gress, this State is to have Credit for Beef on the Hoof, until Decem- 
ber at 5-J- Dollars Hard Money Net Hundred, which at 40 for i in 
the New Bills is 220 Dollars p Net Hundred; it is to be wished 
that this Price may not be exceeded. The Business entrusted to you 
is of the last Importance and we are under such Circumstances that 
it is necessary we should receive the most speedy Information of your 
Success and Expectations ; no Time should be lost in forwarding 
what you have procured, of which we should be constantly informed. 

P. S. We have not enclosed any Tobacco as mentioned in the 
Beginning of this Letter, but will send you Orders on the Collectors 
of the Loans as soon as you inform us that you can obtain at least the 
Price mentioned. 

N. B. To the Commissary for Talbot County, the following Post 
Script. " Instead of sending you Tobacco as mentioned in the Begin- 
ning of this Letter we have it only in our Power to enclose an Order 
for £16000, on IM*" James Lloyd Chamberlain." 

[Council to Colo. Thos. Price] p. 158 

Sir Your Letter of the 13'^ Ins* came to Hand this Morning. The 
Order on the Collector of Frederick County for £2250, we have 
enclosed agreeably to your Request. We would have the Flour for- 
warded immediately and delivered to M"' Thomas Donnellan of 
Baltimore Town. The three hundred Hats which you contracted for 
should be finished by this, therefore you are furnished v*'ith an Order 
for £7875. on the Collector of Frederick County, to enable you to 
comply with your Agreement. The Hatters, we flatter ourselves, will 
deliver the Hats on the Credit of this Order, as the Collector is on 



26o Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C the Spot and will pay them the first Money he receives. The Money 
^^ to be emitted by the State, will, probably be in the Treasury within 
four weeks, it will then be in our Power to supply you. The Regi- 
ment extraordinary is much wanted at Head Quarters, but it is abso- 
lutely necessary that the Men should be cloathed, before they are sent 
ofif; you are therefore requested to send all the Hats you have pro- 
cured to M'' George Keeports in Baltimore Town, with the utmost 
Dispatch. A sufficient Quantity of Shoes are already purchased and 
the greatest Part at £24 p Pair. 

[Council to Samuel Gilpin Esqr] 

Sir We received yours of the 16* Ins* and are sorry to find you 
have not been able to procure the Waggons expected from you. It is 
necessary this Business should be compleated, without Delay and 
we little expected to be disappointed in a County where there are so 
many Waggons altho' the Money could not be immediately paid. 
We have Reason to believe we shall have it in our Power to assist 
you with Money in 3 or 4 Weeks, and, surely, those who have 
Horses and Waggons to spare, will not hesitate to let you have them 
on so short a Credit and for such an essential Piece of Service 

[Council to Mr. Thomas Donellan] 

Sir We received yours of the 18"^ Ins' It is necessary to know 
precisely, on what Terms M"" Smith received the 412 Barrels of 
Flour from you. Surely you did not agree that it was to depend 
on an Inspection at Philadelphia, and in Case of Refusal, that the 
State should be burthened with the Expence of having it returned. 
The Condemned Flour you have on Hand should be forwarded to 
M*" Henry Hollingsworth, who has our Directions to bake it into 
Bread ; when you send it, inform him of the Quality 

p I5Q [Council to the Collectors of Loans] 

Sir Enclosed is an Extract from the Subscription made by the 
General Assembly and we request you to call on the Gentlemen who 
have not already complied with their Engagements. The Motives 
which induced the General Assembly to pass the Law for obtaining 
a Loan, were so generally known, and the Object in View so essential 
to the Interest and Reputation of the United States, that very con- 
siderable Aid was expected from the Virtue and public Spirit of the 
Citizens of this State; the same Motives operate more forcibly, if 
possible at this Time. The Army under our illustrious General is 
encreasing rapidly and the grand Object of the Campaign is still the 
same : immediate and considerable Supplies of Provisions are indis- 
pensably necessary, and the Means provided by the General Assem- 
bly very inadequate to that Purpose. Although we have the greatest 



of the Council of Maryland. 261 

Reason to rely on the Patriotism of our fellow Citizens, we are not, Litxrr C C 
from the Demands lately made on them, so sanj^uine as to expxict ■"■ ^ 
very considerable Assistance by Money; yet as there are other Means 
in the Power of many pointed out by the Law, we must earnestly 
entreat you to exert yourself on this Occasion, and that you will 
call on those who are able to contribute by Loan, a small Portion of 
their affluence, that they may secure the Peaceful Possession of the 
whole to themselves and Posterity, by enabling us to comply with the 
Requisitions of Congress, the Committee of Co-operation and the 
Expectations of His Excellency the Commander in Chief. We are at 
a Period of Time which will admit of no Delay, you must there- 
fore inform us speedily of your Success and Expectations 

[Council to the Lieutenants of the several Counties] 

Sir From the Information which we have received from the 
Lieutenants of some Counties, we are induced to believe it will be 
an Ease to the People to allow them to discharge, in Wheat, the 
15 p Cent due from the Classes which have not found Recruits, 
at the same Time, that it would answer a most valuable Purpose, in 
obtaining a Supply of Provisions for the Army at this Time, ex- 
tremely wanted. We therefore request you to inform the Persons 
who compose those Classes which have neglected to find Recruits 
and for which Recruits cannot be obtained by you for the 15 p C* 
that if they will deliver to the Commissary of your County as much 
Wheat allowing 60 Dollars for every Bushel, as their Fines amount 
to, their Effects shall be exempted from Distress, and to direct them 
to procure from the Commissary a Receipt for the Wheat so deliv- 
ered which is to be deposited in your Hands and returned by you 
to the Treasurer of your Shore instead of the Money ordered to be 
collected by Distress 



Tuesday 22^ August 1780 Present as on yesterday. August 22 

_ ... Liber C B 

Ordered That the west, shore Tres"" deliver to Baruch Williams No. 23 
Corny of Cecil Co'^ 10 hhd^ Tob° 9859* net & also to Rich'^ Dallam P- 1^" 
Com^ for Harf<^ 10 hh''^ 10087 ^s net & to John Voorhees Com^ of 
Kent 10 hhd^ 100 10 is net to be accounted for. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Town- 
send one hundred and five Pounds due him p Ace* passed by the Aud. 
Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn Esq*" one thousand 
five hundred Pounds on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Dashiell seven hundred 
and seventy six Pounds, five shillings due him p Ace' passed bv the 
Aud. Gen' 



262 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Francis Shepard 

No. 23 q£ ^j^g Regim' Extra ip^ Brittanies in part of the Articles allowed 

by the Gen' Assembly and i p"" shoes on Account. That the west. 

shore Treas"" deliver to Tho^ Richardson Com^ for Montg^ County 

12 hhd* Tob° 1 1 767 is net on Account 



p. 160 



Liber C C [Council To the Lieutenants of Charles, Prince George's, Harford, 
^n'lfio Baltimore, Montgomery, Dorchester, Saint Marys and 

Washington Counties] 

Sir We enclose you a List of Recruits from your County, who 
have deserted, or never joined their Regiment at this Place and we 
request you to have them apprehended and sent forward as soon as 
possible 

[Council to Lieut Francis Shepherd] 

Sir You will receive from M"" Bullen forty four Horses and one 
Waggon with Harness compleat, with which we request you will 
proceed with Diligence and Care to Morris Town and deliver them 
to the Quartermaster General or such Person as he shall authorize to 
receive them at that Post, taking his Receipt therefor. Forty of the 
Horses are furnished in Part of four hundred Draft Horses and the 
Waggon &'=^ and four Horses belonging thereto, in Part of fifty 
Waggons with Harness compleat and with four Horses to each, 
which were required of this State by the Committee of Congress at 
Head Quarters. You are to draw for the Subsistence of the Horse, 
from the Quarter masters at the several Posts betwixt this and 
Morris Town 



Liber C B Wednesday 23*^ August 1780 

No. 23 _ , 

August 23 Present as on yesterday. 

p- 184 Ordered that the Collector of the Tax for Kent County pay to 

Abraham Falconer Contractor for Horses & Waggons in said County 

ten thousand Pounds to be Acc*^ for 

That the said Collector pay to the said Abraham Falconer 21050 
pounds of Tobacco to be by him Accounted for @ 47.10 p C and 4 
•p Cent, 
p. 185 Ordered That M'' John Shaw deliver to John Muir Esq'' 4 Gun 
Carriages for four pounders and 2 Sadies & Springes for Ditto the 
price to be ascertained hereafter. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Peter Lyddington a 
Soldier in the i*' Regim* Twenty Pounds in lieu of the Articles 
allowed by the Gen' Assembly. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Levin Parkinson three hundred 
and seventy five Pounds -p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 



of the Council of Maryland. 263 

[Council to Mr. Josiah Johnson] LWkt C C 

No, 23 

Sir We refer you to tlic encloscfl, which we request you will p. i^o 
deliver and at the same Time give the necessary Information & As- 
sistance to the Commissary in Order to have the Flour removed 
as speedily as possible 

[Council To the Continental Commissary at the Head of Elk or of 
the District including Duck Creek.] 

Sir We have received Information for M'' Josiah John.son, one 
of the Commissioners in Kent, under the Law for the immediate 
Supply &" that the Grain and Flour which he had procured, was 
lodged at Duck Creek and that he had wrote to M"" Henry Hollings- 
worth he was ready to deliver it to his Order, to which he had 
received no Answer. We cannot account for this Delay in forward- 
ing the Provision to the Army for which there have been and con- 
tinue, such urgent Demands, and are apprehensive some other 
Supplies from this State to Duck Creek may be under the same 
Circumstances. This is a Matter of so much Consequence we doubt p- 161 
not, you will have it immediately examined into and the Cause of the 
Delay discovered and removed. We enclose this to M"" Johnson and 
request you will have the Provision received & forwarded. 



Thursday 24'^ August 1780 L«ber C B 

No. 23 
Present as on yesterday. August 24 

Ordered That Capt. George Keeports deliver to William Smith 
Esquire 100 nine pound Shot. 

That t he western shore Treasurer pay to Nich* M'^Nemara a 
soldier in the i^' Regim' Twenty Pounds in lieu of Articles allowed 
by the G. Ass^ for the year 1779 

That the said Treasurer pay to William RawHngs four hundred 
and Forty two Pounds ten shillings due him -p ace' passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut James Bruflf of the 6'*' 
Regim' one thousand nine hundred Dollars and three Pounds ten 
shillings in Specie agreeable to a Resolution of the General Assembly. 

That James Lloyd Chamberlaine Esq'" pay to James Hindman 
Esquire sixteen thousand Pounds for Sundries sold Col° Richardson 
for the Brig Talbot. 

That John Crisall issue to William Tuck 24 rations due to John 
Knight a Soldier in the Regim' Extra who is in Goal for Burglary. 

Commission of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to James 
Kenner Commander of the Schooner Eagle 24 Tons burthen navi- 
gated by 30 Men, mounting 4 Carriage Guns 4 Swivels and 2 



264 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Howitz belonging to James Kenner, John Graham, William Graham 
No. 23 ^^^ Pemberton Clayton of the State of Virginia. 

Liber C C [Council to William Smith Esqr.] 

No. 22 
p. 161 Sir Yours of the 1 5**^ Ins* we have received & have enclosed you 

an Order on M'' Keeports for the 9" shot you desired. The Quantity 

of Grape Shot in the Possession of M'' Keeports is not more than is 

necessary for the use of the Fort. The Price must be agreed on by 

you and M' Keeports, who will receive the Money. 

[Council to Capt. Geo P. Keeports] 

Sir We have given M"" Smith of Baltimore an Order on you for 
100 nine pound Shot, which )rou will deliver to him and fix such 
Price as they are worth and receive the Money. We request you to 
have all the Cloathing in your Possession sent to this Place imme- 
diately. You will make us a Return of the Public Stores that you 
have sold, and such as are not wanting, at the Fort and are vendable 

August 25 Friday 25"" August 1780 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 
P- ^^5 Commission of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to Francis 
Charles Dubreuil Commander of the Schooner Necessity 45 Tons 
burthen navigated by 8 Men mounting 4 Carriage Guns belonging to 
Mess*"^ Verdue Karloguen Payan & C° of Cadiz. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Aaron Stephens 
seventy five Pounds due him p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Joseph M'^Kettee a Recruit from 
Prince Georges County one thousand one hundred and seventeen 
Pounds ten shillings to be delivered over to Joshua Beall Lieut of 
said County to be by him Accounted for. 

That the s.aid Treasurer pay to Sele Tucker Two hundred and 
eleven Pounds seventeen shillings and six pence due him p Ace* 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

Warrant issued. Directed to Isaac Griest to impress Vessels 
sufficient to Transport three hundred Troops of the Regiment Extra 
from Annapolis to the Head of Elk. 

Liber C C ' [Council to Mrs. Lee] 

No 22 
p. 162 Madam We are very anxious to send forward the Regiment 

Extraordinary to reinforce the American Army. The Impractica- 
bility of procuring immediately by Purchase, a Sufficient Quantity 
of Linen, for Shirts for all the Men, induces us to solicit your Assis- 
tance at this Emergency, and to request a Loan of two hundred 
and sixty Shirts, which we will not fail to replace when you may deem 
it necessary to demand them. 



of the Council of Maryland. 265 

r Council to Capt. Geo. P. Keeports] Liber C C 

^ '^ No. 22 

Sir We expect that about 260 Soldier Shirts will \)e delivered 
by M^ W" Smith on the Order of M" Lee. As M"" Griest has Direc- 
tions to send some Vessels down for the Transportation of the 
Troops to the Head of Elk, it will be a good Opportunity of sending 
them down as well as the Overalls which we wrote for yesterday. 
We request your Attention to this Business 

[Council to Mr. Isaac Griest, Balto.] P- 162 

Sir The Regiment extraordinary now at this Post, are nearly 
ready to march to the Northward ; we prefer sending them by Water 
to the Head of Elk, and, as sufficient Number of Vessels cannot be 
procured here, request you will immediately, upon Receipt of this, 
procure by Hire or otherwise a Sufficient Number of Vessels to 
transport 300 Men from Hence to the Head of Elk. We have Reason 
to believe you will meet with no Difficulty in getting the Vessels on 
Hire, but should it be otherwise, you have a Power enclosed to 
impress. 

Saturday 26"" August 1780 .\ugust 26 

•^ ^ ^ Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. p'*i86^"^ 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Charles Lans- 
dale Eight hundred Pounds due him p ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Woolf three hundred Pounds 
due him p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Key and Forrest four thousand 
five hundred and ten Pounds due them p Account passed 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Jacob Gray Serjeant 
in the 2"'^ Regim* i Shirt i p"" Overalls, i p"" Shoes & i p'' Stockings 
to be charged to said Regim' 

That M"" John Crisall purchase for the use of the Hospital 12 
Chamber Potts, 24 Porringers i Bag Cofifee, i Barrel Vinegar 3 Gall' 
Madeira Wine 6 Buckets 6 Kettles and two Bushels Indian Meal 
and that he issue to Docf Murray 6 Buckets, 12 Cha. Potts, 24 Por- 
ringers 6 Kettles, 6 f Coffee, 12 is Sugar, 2 Bushels Indian ISIeal, 3 
GalP Vinegar i Gal. Wine & 4 is Candles for the use aforesaid. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Calvert County pay to Pat Sim 
Smith Esq"" Commissary for said County six thousand Pounds to be 
by him Accounted for and that the said Collector pay to Thomas 
Jones Contractor for Horses &'^^ in same County four thousand five 
hundred Pounds to be by him Accounted for. 



266 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Patrick Sim Smith Esq''] 

No. 22 

p. 162 Sir The Enclosure is an Order on the Collector of the Tax in 
Calvert County for 6ooo£ which, with the great Proportion, we 
flatter ourselves, you have engaged to pay in Certificates, will answer 
your present Purposes. We have long thought the Supplies should 
be forwarded to the Army, as soon as they were procured, and have 
urged the Necessity of making the greatest Exertions to that End; 
and, if possible. Letters received this Day from the Committee of 
Co-operation impress the Necessity of the Measure more forcibly 
on our Minds. Under the present Circumstances of Affairs, when 
our Magazines are exhausted of Provisions and the Subsistence of 
the Army depends upon the precarious Supplies of the Day, we can- 
not avoid reiterating our Solicitation that you have your Purchases 
of Wheat sent to Col° Fitzhugh's Mill where it should be manufac- 
tured, from thence transported to the Head of Elk without Loss of 
Time. 

[Council to Ensign Middleton] 

Sir. You will receive from M'' BuUen, Forty Horses. You are 
likewise to call on Col. Henry Hollingsworth at the Head of Elk, 
or the Person acting for him in his Absence, for all the Horses which 
have been delivered to him by the Contractors for the Purchase of 
Horses in this State and with which we request you will pi'oceed with 
Diligence and Care to Morris Town and deliver them to the Quarter- 
master General or such Person as he shall authorise to receive them 
at that Post, taking his Receipt therefor, as a Part of four Hundred 
Draft Horses -which were required of this State by the Commee of 
Congress at Head Quarters. For the Subsistence of the Horses, you 
are to draw Forage from the Quartermasters at the several Posts 
between this & Morris Town 

p. 163 [Council to Delegates in Congress] 

Gentlemen The Embargo Law of this State was continued by an 
Act of the last Session of Assembly to the tenth Day of September 
next, and at the same Time this Board was authorised and fully em- 
powered to continue the Law until the End of the next Session of 
the General Assembly, provided the Embargo be continued in the 
States of Pennsylvania and Delaware : but in Case these States, or 
either of them should take off the Embargo on their Ports, then and 
in such Case we are authorized and requested to take of the Restric- 
tions imposed by the Act of our Legislature. The Act of the Pennsyl- 
vania Assembly expires the first of September, but President Reed 
is of Opinion that, that Hoiible Body, who are to meet before the 
limited Time, will renew it. The Law of Delaware expires the 20''' 
of October, unless suspended or revoked by the Executive of that 
State. In the State of uncertainty, in which we are, respecting the 



of the Council of Maryland. 267 

Revival of the Pennsylvania Act, and the Conduct of the President Liber C C 
and Privy Council of Delaware, we must have Recourse to your °' ^ 
good Offices. We tlierefore solicit the Favor of you to make the 
necessary Enquiries and to transmit us the earliest authentic Infor- 
mation for our Government in the Premises 



Monday 28'^ August 1780. Liber C B 

N'o. 23 
Present as on Saturday. P- '^ 

Commission of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to James 
Tate Commander of the Schooner Rambler 70 Tons burthen, navi- 
gated by 25 men mounting 10 Carriage Guns, belonging to Daniel 
Bowley & Samuel Smith of Bait. Town 

Ordered that Capt. George Keeports deliver to Mess" Thorough- 
good Smith Daniel Bowley, Stephen Steward jun'' and Samuel 
Smith, the number of arms, & Quantity of Ammunition necessary 
for arming and Equiping the men and Vessels now about to be 
employed in expelling the Enemy from the Chesapeake and Protect- 
ing the Trade of Virginia and Maryland, taking their Receipts 
therefor 

That the Collector of the Tax for Somerset County pay to Henry 
Jackson Esq'' Commissary for said County, Two thousand Pounds 
to be Accounted for 

That John Bullen deliver to Frederick Green one of the Public 
Horses to go to Baltimore 

[Council to Colo. Robt. T. Hooe, Alexandria] Liber c C 

No. 22 

Sir The great Injuries sustained by the mercantile Interests of P- ^°-^ 
Maryland & Virginia and the, almost, entire Interruption of the 
Navigation of the Bay, by the Privateers and other Vessels of the 
Enemy, have induced us, in Conjunction with the Merchants of Balti- 
more Town, to endeavour to capture or clear the Bay of them. For 
this Purpose, the state armed Boats two Brigs and some Barges are 
to be sent down : but as the Enemy's Vessels are numerous and we 
wish to have such a Force as will certainly answer the intended Pur- 
pose, if you or any of the mercantile Gentlemen of your City, have 
any Vessels that would assist in this Business, they might render not 
only essential Service to the Trade, but also to the United States, 
as the Transportation of Provisions from Virginia, is totally stopped 
and our Army is much in want of them. Our Vessels will go down 
the Bay some Time next Week. This Business ought not to be made 
public. The enclosed Letter to Governor Jefferson, on this Subject, 
we beg you to forward by Express. 



268 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Colo. Joseph Dashiell] 

No. 22 

p. 164 Sir We received yours of the 16* Ins* The enclosed Nol. Pross, the 
Governor has granted in Favor of Philip Buly on Condition that 
he serve as a Soldier for the War and on your Representation of the 
Circumstances of others in a hke Predicament, he will grant Nol. 
Pros, on the same Terms. This he is induced to do as the Commander 
in Chief writes pressingly for Men, and on your Information that the 
Ringleaders are in Goal and may be made Examples of. We shall 
in a few Days send down our State Boats to assist some other Vessels 
in clearing the Bay of the Enemy and we request you to embrace the 
first Opportunity of a safe Navigation to send all the Provision col- 
lected in your County to the Head of Elk. We have the most press- 
ing Demands on us for the Supplies expected from this State 

[Council to Colo. James Hindman] 

Sir Your Letter of the 9**^ Ins' as well as that of the 22*^ we have 
received from M"" Gibson, and the former would have been answered 
by the Return of M*" Gibson, but for the Multiplicity of Business, 
with which this Board was then overwhelmed, and his Impatience 
to leave Town. The Order on M"" Chamberlain was drawn at your 
Request & enclosed in the Letter which accompanies this, it has laid 
on the Table since its Date, for a good Opportunity. M*" Sprigg has 
been paid agreeably to your Contract. You have also a Parcel of 
printed Certificates by this Opportunity. 

[Council to Colo. George Dashiell] 

Sir We received yours of the 1$^^ & 17* Ins* As you are of 
Opinion there no longer Subsists the same Reason for having the 
Arms distributed among the Militia Captains and it is of Conse- 
quence to have them kept in Order, we request they may be col- 
lected and retained under your immediate Care and that you employ 
some trusty Person to put them in Order, and doubt not, but in 
doing this you will have in Mind how much the public as well as 
your own immediate Safety is concerned in having them put and 
kept in a proper State. As to the Subject of the Recruit you mention, 
the Law must be your Guide ; we think the Money promised by the 
Class, ought, in Justice & Equity to be paid 

p. 165 [Council to Henry Jackson, Esqr.] 

Sir We received yours of the 17**^ Ins* The Bacon & Pork which 
you have at Princess Ann, would be of some Service if forwarded. 
Could you conveniently send it to Cambridge to the Care of M*" I. C. 
Harrison, we apprehend it would be shipped from thence to the Head 
of Elk and delivered to the acting Commissary there, with more 



of the Council of Maryland. 269 

Safety than by scnclinj^ it down Wiccomico; however tliis Matter Liber C C 
must be left to your Discretion. lOnclosed is an Order on the Col- ^°- ^^ 
lector for £2000. 

[Council to His Excy. Govr. Jefferson Virginia] 

Sir The alarming State of the Trade of Virginia & Maryland in 
the Chesapeake and above all, the extreme Difficulty and Hazard of 
supplying the Northern Army with Provisions from Virginia and 
the Southern Parts of this State, occasioned by the continued and 
encreasing Depredations of the Enemy have rendered the immediate 
Expulsion of them from the Bay, an Object of Magnitude to this 
Board. The Merchants of Baltimore have, on this Occasion, under- 
taken to second us with two armed Brigs & three large Barges, 
every of which we shall furnish sufficiently with Men, Arms and 
Ammunition. This Force will be accompanied by two fast sailing 
State Boats, to act as Tenders. We most earnestly solicit your Excel- 
lency to aid us in this Service, so beneficial to the States in General 
and to Virginia & Maryland in particular. Only such Vessels of 
War whch can be immediately equipped can be serviceable, as the 
Success of this Attempt will depend in a great Measure upon the 
Secrecy and Expedition with which it is executed. We expect our 
Vessels will be ready to proceed down the Bay the 6"^ of next 
Month. 

[Council to Colo George Dashiell and Colo Henry Hooper] 

Sir We intend to send down, in a few Days, our State Boats, to 
Co-operate with some Vessels from Baltimore in clearing the Bay 
of the Enemy and request you to hold a Party of Militia you can 
depend on, in readiness to give what Assistance in your Power, in 
Case there should be occasion for them. This Design should not be 
made public 

Tuesday 29"^ August 1780 Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. p. 186 

Ordered that the W. Shore Treas'' deliv'' to Ja^ Calhoun Com*^' for 
Balt° County 34 hh**" Tob° 33108 is net on Ace' 

Ordered That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to Robertson 
Stevens one thousand five hundred and fifty four Pounds ten shil- 
lings *p Ace' passed by the G' A. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Doct. James Murray 
three thousand Pounds on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Rob' Berry Two thousand 
seven hundred and seventy six Pounds sixteen shillings & three 
Pence on Account. 



270 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Ordered That John Shaw deliver to William Middleton i Barrel 
p 18- Turpentine for the use of the Plater and Dolphin and also what 
Spun Yarn he may want for the Dolphin. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Beall Contractor 
for Horses &'=^ in Prince Georges County 9445 pounds of Tobacco 
on Account. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Prince Georges County pay to 
the said John Beall fifteen thousand Pounds to be Accounted for. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to James Pope a Blind 
Soldier belonging to the 3** Maryland Regim' one hundred fifty 
Pounds to procure him Cloaths & other necessaries 

M"" John Wigglesworth a native of Great Britain who hath lately 
arrived in the State and who on the 17'^ Inst appeared before this 
Board and voluntarily did take repeat and Subscribe the Oath of 
Fidelity and Support to this State contained in the " Act to punish 
certain Crimes and Misdemeanors and to prevent the Growth of 
Toryism " this Day again appeared before this Board and voluntarily 
did take repeat and subscribe a Declaration of his Belief in the 
Christian Religion and also did take repeat and Subscribe the Oath 
prescribed by the Act for Naturalization passed in July Session 
1779. 

August 30 Wednesday 30* August 1780. 

Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. John 
Hawkins Two hundred Pounds, five shillings due him -p ace' passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to the Commanding Officer 
of the Reg* Extra all the Shirts in his Possession. 

That the said Commissary deliver to James Friend late a Soldier 
in the S^^ Regim* regularly discharged i Coat & i Waistcoat in part 
of the Cloathing due him for the year 1780 

That John Crisall issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. John 
Hawkins of the 5"" Regim* 64 lbs bro. Sugar & 16 Gallons of Rum 
in full of those Articles of Stores allowed the Officers of the Mary- 
land Line by the Gen' Assembly from Jan"^ to August inclusive 

That the western shore Treasurer deliver to Frederick Green Esq*" 
such Plates as he may want. 

In Virtue of the " Act for the Regulation of the Staple of To- 
bacco " the following Persons are hereby appointed Inspectors viz 

S* Marys County Chaptico Thomas Nicholls St. Inegoes Capt 
John Horn Abell Wicomico Gerard Bond 
Leonard Town Ign^ Abell. St. Cuthberts Creek 
Capt John Smith S* Mary's River John Taylor 
& Town Creek Enoch Breedon 



of the Council of Maryland. 



2/1 



Kent l.an^fords Bay Nathaniel Rickctts. LiUr C B 

Ann Arundel l-llkridge Landinj? Nicholas Ridj,'ely Warfield & ^^- ^^ 

Charles White Indian Landinj^ John Marriott, 
Taylor's landing Capt. Jn" Ijams Sen'' Pig Point, 
Joseph Ilutton 

Calvert Head of S' Leonards Creek, 'I'hoinas Johnson 

Cliffts, Plunting Creek, James Skinner, Lower 
Marlborough, Basil Williamson. 

Charles County. Benedict Town, Henry Lyon Piles's fresh Zaclv' 
Chunn, Lo Ceder Point, Samuel Jones Chandlers 
Point, H^ Smith Hawkins, Xanjemoy Fra*" 
Adams, Chickamuxen Creek l-'ra* B. Franklin 
Pomonkey Creek Peter Dent. 
Princess Ann Town, John Law, Coleburn's Creek 
Henry Miles, Pocomoke Benj* Schoolfield On 
Wicomico River at the Wareho' near Green Hill 
Town William Stewart On Nanticoke River at 
the Head of Barren Creek George Wailes 
Kingstown James Barnwell, Parsons Landing 
Tristram Bowdle, Bruffs Landing Tho' Ray 
Emersons Landing Robert Hall, Sherwoods 
Landing John Caulk, Oxford John Markland 
Baltimore Town, Henry Stevenson of Edw** & Sol" 
Hillen 

Otter Point Alexander M^Comas 
Queen Anns, Marsh M. Duvall, Up. Marlbro 
Charles Clagett, Nottingham, Allen Bowie, 
Bladensburgh John Beall & Sam' Shekells, Broad 
Creek John Lxiwe, Piscataway Richard Clagett 
Magruders Benjamin Wales. 
Blunts Joseph Barnes, Brown's John Kent. Hop- 
pers. Nathan Brown Porters James Hackett 
Pembertons John Fisher 
Choptank Bridge, James Genu 
Geo Town. Maj'' G^o. Magruder & Hezekiah 
Magruder. 



Somerset. 



Talbot. 



Baltimore. 

Harford 
Prince Georges 



Queen Anns. 



Caroline 
Montgomery, 



Thursday 31^' August 1780 

Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to James Brice 
Esq"" one hundred and seventeen Pounds one shilling and three 
Pence due him -p ace' passed by the A. G' 

That the Collector of the Tax for Washington County pay to Col° 
Moses Rawlings five thousand Pounds to be by him expended in the 



August 31 



272 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Purchase of Cloathing for the Comp^" stationed at Fort Frederick 
No. 23 Qj^ Account. 

Commission issued to Gabriel Jacob appointed Ens. in the Comp^' 
of Infantry to serve within this State in the room of WilHam Piles 
who did not accept his Appointment. 

Liber C C [Council to Capt. John Reid] 

No. 22 
p. 165 Sir We have received yours of the 25''' Ins' & enclose a Com- 
mission to M"" Gabriel Jacob & send by this Opportunity an Order 
on the Collector to Col° Rawlings for a sum of Money to be laid out 
in Cloathing necessary for the Men under your Command. 

p. 166 [Council to Colo. Moses Rawlings] 

Sir A Letter we wrote you the 22*^ and which you will receive 
by this Opportunity, will be an Answer, in some Measure, to yours 
of the 26'^ Aug' We have now only to enclose you an Order on the 
Collector for five thousand Pounds to be expended in the Purchase 
of those Articles which are most wanted for Cloathing the Men 
under Capt. Reid. 



Liber C B Friday i^' September 1780. 

No. 23 
September i Present as on yesterday. 

^' Ordered That the Collector of Frederick County pay to William 

]Magruder Contractor for horses fourteen thousand Pounds on Ac- 
count. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to His Excellency Thomas 
Sim Lee Esq*" one thousand five hundred Pounds to be delivered over 
to John Hanson Esq"" a Delegate in Congress on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Hyde Ass' Ci to the Gov"" 

6 Council six hundred and Twenty five Pounds for i^ M° Salary 
to this Inst. 

That Jn° Hall Esq" deliver to Fred. Green the Plates on which 
the Convention Money was Struck 
p. 189 Commissions issued to the following Persons appointed to fill 
up the vacancies in the Regim' Extra, Alexander Lawson Smith, 
Lieut Col° Comm'' in the room of Sam* Jones resigned. 

2 Charles Smith instead of James Fernandes resigned 

3 Benj^ Murdoch in the room of C Smith promoted 

4 Vach' Burgess in the room of B. Murdock d° 

5. Samuel Cock in the room of Henry Hill resigned 

6. Arch*^ Colder in the room of Ja' Gillispie d° 

7 Fran^ Shepard in the room of V. Burgess prom"^ 

8 Sam' M^Lane Capt. Lieut, in the room of Sam' Cock d° 

1 Jn° Lucas Lieut in the room of A. Colder d° 

2 Sam' Hanson in the room of S. Hamilton res'* 



of the Council of Maryland. 273 

3 Ch' Magrudcr L' in the room of F. Slici)ard promoted Liber C B 

4 Sam' Luckett in the room of S. M^Lane d"^ N°- *^ 

5. Ign* Boon in the room of I. Lucas d" 

6. Theo. Middleton in the room of vS' Hanson (\" 

7. Josias Miller in the room of Nath' Magruder res' 

8. John Plant in the room of Ch" Magruder prom** 

1 Jacob Gray Ens in the room of Sam' Luckett d" 

2 Ja^ Bigham in the room of Ign. Blandford res'' 

3 Basil Clements in the room of J. Miller prom"* 

Whereas there is at this Time an Invasion of the State of Mary- See also ^ 
land by Ships of War, and there are good Grounds to believe that the ^^ '"'"^ 
going at large of John Harper and William Hinchman j'' Mariners No. 69 
will be dangerous to the State you are commanded to take into your 
Custody the said John & William and bring them before this Board 
to be dealt with according to Law. To the Sheriff of Ann Arundell 
County. 

[Council To the Ensigns in the Regt. Extra] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir You are appointed an Ensign in the Regiment Extraordinary p. 166 
raised in this State; if you accept thereof, you will repair as soon 
as possible to this Place, to take Command 

[Council to Colo Alexr Lawson Smith] 

Sir You are appointed Lieu' Col° Commandant of the Regiment 
Extraordinary raised by this State; if you accept thereof, you will 
notify it to us, and repair, as soon as convenient, to this Place to take 
Command. 

[Council to William Magruder Esqr. Contractor for Fredk] 

Sir Enclosed you will receive an Order on the Collector of Fred- 
erick County for i400o£ on Account. You are to pay Jeremiah 
Gittings for bringing the Horses down as well as every other Neces- 
sary and reasonable Expence arising on the Execution of your Com- 
mission which must be charged and adjusted by the Auditor General 
in your General Account, when you have closed your Purchase 

[Council to Daniel Bowley Esqr. & others Balto] 
Gentlemen By the enclosed Depositions which we have this Day 
taken, you may collect some Necessary Intelligence respecting the 
intended Expedition against the Enemy's Vessels below. We shall 
be glad to be informed when your Vessels will be ready 

Saturday 2.^ September 1780 September 

Present as on yesterday. Liber C B 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Edmond p. I'g^ 
Moran of the 6* Regim' Cloth & Trimmings suft' for a Suit of 
18 



274 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Cloaths and Linen for 2 Shirts in part of the Articles allowed bv the 
^°- ^^ Gen' Assembly. 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. William Middleton 
of the Dolphin lo is Sugar & 5 GalP Rum the Allowance for this 
Month. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Simeon Lombard one Ration 
p Day until further Orders. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Washington County pay to 
Henry Schnebely Esq"" Contractor for Waggons and Teams Ten 
thousand Pounds on Ace* and also to Col° Henry Shryock Contractor 
for Horses six thousand Pounds on Account. 

Liber C C [Council to Henry Schenebely Esqr. Contr for Washington County] 
No. 22 
p. 167 Sir Yours of the 30*'^ Ult° we have received and are surprised you 

never received any of our Letters. The Law particularly points out 
the Manner in which the Waggons, Horses &'^'' are to be procured, 
which we enclose you. We think the Waggons, Horses &'^^ which 
were offered by Non-jurors, since the Expiration of the Time limited, 
ought not to be received. We wish you to be as expeditious as 
possible in procuring the Waggons & Horses and have them sent 
forward to the Head of Elk; you will also forward the Flour to 
M'' Thomas Donnellan at Baltimore, as soon as possible. To expe- 
dite your Purchase of Waggons and Horses, we have sent you an 
Order on the Collector of your County for io,ooo£ which we hope 
will be immediately paid. 

[Council to Colo. Henry Shryock] 

Sir We are sorry to be informed, by a Letter from M*" Schenebely 
that you have not as yet entered on the Purchase of Horses ; we 
request you to endeavour to procure them as soon as possible and 
have them sent forward to the Head of Elk. We enclose you an 
Order on the Collector of your County for 6c>oo£ which we hope 
will assist to expedite your Purchase. We refer you to the Law for 
your Government in this Business. 

[Council to Mr. Thomas Donellan] 

Sir We observe in yours of the 23'' Ult° that you think the Flour 
you have on Hand is in general very faulty. Please to make us a 
Return of what you have received and forwarded, since you have had 
the Business in your Hands, of whom you received it, when for- 
warded and what remains. Whatever M'' Smith declines receiving we 
would have sent to the Head of Elk, to be forwarded to the Army. If 
there should be any Flour musty or sour, it will be proper to have it 
baked into Bread, mixing it if necessary with some other Flour, so 



of the Council of Maryland. 275 

as to make the Bread mercliantable or proper for the Use of the LiUr c C 
Army; when this is clone, it should likewise be forwarded. We '' ^^ 
request you to let us hear from you soon, in Answer to this. 



Monday 4 September 1780 September 

Present as on Saturday. L'bcr C B 

No. 23 
Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Baltmiore County pay p. 1% 

to John Cockey Contractor for Waggons & Teams Ten thousand 

Pounds on Account 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Muir six thousand 
Dollars to be by him Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. William Middleton six hun- 
dred and fifty six Pounds, ten shillings due him •]) ace' passed by 
the Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt Robert Berry five hundred & 
sixty three Pounds ten Shillings due him p Ace* passed by tlie D. 
Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson j"" four hundred 
& sixteen Pounds thirteen shillings & four Pence for i m'' Salary to 
the I"* Ins* 

Ordered That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt Robert p. 190 
Berry of the Plater 5 GalP of Rum & 10 \^ Brown Sugar the Allow- 
ance for the month of Sept. 

That M' Shaw deliver to Capt. Robert Berry 10 1 Buck Shott 25 \ 
Powder 20 Is Musket Ball 8 fathom Match rope & i Quire of Cart- 
ridge Paper for the Plater and also to Capt. William Middleton 1 5 i 
Buck shott 15 is Powder & 10 i Musket Ball for the Dolphin. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert Reith one hun- 
dred and Twenty five Pounds for i Month Salary to the i** Inst. 

[Council to Chas. Blake Esqr.] Liber C C 

Ko. 22 
Sir We have just received yours of the 25* Ult° and expect to p. 168 

have the Return you mention and to hear that you are forwarding 
the Wheat to the Head of Elk. We have some Medicine in the 
State Store which Docf Davidson may have for the Amount of the 
Wheat purchased of him, if on his Application, we can Spare all the 
Articles he wants. The new Money will be out in a few Days and 
it must be rated in your Purchases at 40 Continental Dollars for one 
new Dollar. Under our present Difficulties and the Necessity there 
is of supplying the Army immediately, we must request you to pro- 
cure the Flour on the best Terms you can, but we wish you not to 
exceed one and a Half new Dollars "p Bushel of Wheat. The Pro- 
priety of keeping this secret, will doubtless, occur to you 



276 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Tuesday 5"^ September 1780 

No. 23 
September 5 Present as on yesterday. 

^' ^^° James Calhoun Esq*" is appointed Commissary of Purchases for 
Baltimore County in the room of Abraham Risteau who resigned 

Ordered That M*" Shaw deliver to Capt. Robert Berry of the State 
Boat Plater, Bolt rope suff* for the Mainsail and three fathom of 
Junk and also 3 fathom of Junk for the Dolphin. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Robert Berry 2 
yds wrappers for the use of the Plater. 

That Docf Murray deliver to Dan^ Jenifer 6 Is Bark 

In Virtue of the " Act to enable the Treasurer of the western 
shore to draw and sell Bills of Exchange and for an Emission of 
Bills of Credit if necessary " passed in June Session 1780 Mess" 
William Wilkins and Isaac M*^Hard are appointed supervisors of 
the Press for superintending the Printing of the said Bills of Credit. 

Commission of Marque and Reprisal issued to Thomas Patten 
Commander of the schooner Rover 60 Tons burthen, navigated by 
10 men mounting 6 Carriage Guns 4 Swivels and 10 Muskets belong- 
ing to Samuel Smith & Dan' Bowley of Baltimore 

Liber C C [Council to James Calhoun Esqr] 

168 ^^^ This covers your Appointment to the Commissariate of Balti- 
more County and the Laws directing your Conduct in the Execution 
of that Trust, This State having fallen very considerably short for 
the two last Months back of the Supplies particularly Flour, which 
were required and have been expected by Congress and the Com- 
mittee of Cooperation it is incumbent on us to endeavour by every 
Means in our Power to make up that Deficiency immediately and 
to have a Prospect of continuing the Supplies. In this the Reputation 
of this State is deeply concerned as well as the General Interest of 
America at this particular Crisis, as you will readily perceive by the 
enclosed Extracts of Letters received by us. Under these Circum- 
stances we have to request your immediate and most diligent Atten- 
tion to this Business. If our Information is well founded, there is a 
very considerable Quantity of Flour for Sale in your Town & the 
Price reasonable, and probably more may be done in a Week, by 
you than in a Month by all the other of the Commissioners in the 
State. This would, at this Time, relieve us from very distressing 
Circumstances. To have it in our Power to inform the Commissary 
General of a certain and considerable Supply which may be relied on 
in a short Time, might be the Means of preventing a Dissolution of 
Part of the Army under the Commander in Chief and avoiding the 
disgraceful Circumstances so strongly described in one of the Ex- 
p. 169 tracts referred to. We are sensible Sir, in Order to execute this 
Business to effect, you must be powerfully assisted by us ; we shall 



of the Council of Maryland. 277 

therefore explain our Situation as fully as we can, by which you Lil>er C C 

may, in some Measure ref,nilate your Conduct. By this Opportunity ^'''- *^ 

we enclose Notes for 34 llhds. of Tobacco, which we request you to 

dispose of on the Ijcst Terms you can and to apply the Money to the 

Purchase of Flour. We have Reason from Subscriptions already 

made to assure you of a further Supply of 60 or 70 Hhds. for the 

same Purchase. In Addition to this which will put a certain Sum 

into your Hands, we flatter ourselves a further Collection will be 

made of Tobacco. The Assessment in Tobacco is to collected in this 

Month, which probably will be paid into the Treasury within the 

Time directed, this will give us an Opportunity of raising a very 

considerable Sum of Money and may be reckoned a certain Fund 

and we flatter ourselves the New Money, which will be ready in next 

Week, will, in a great Measure, assist the Purchase of Provision. We 

do not know any good Reason why it should not circulate readily 

at 40 for I and in all Contracts that must be the Standard ; as the 

State is to receive it at the same Rate, we hope, at least some Part 

of the purchase may be made in it. From our present Difficulties 

and the Necessity of supplying the Army immediately, we must 

request you to procure the Flour on the best Terms you can. Under 

these Circumstances an additional Quantity of Flour may possibly 

be obtained on Loan. We request your Answer to this immediately ; 

if it does not suit you to continue any Time in the Execution of this 

Business, we cannot Doubt but we shall have your Assistance at this 

particular Time 

[Council to Dan'l Bowley, Esqr] 

Sir. We wrote you by M"" Poe and are exceedingly anxious to 
know when we may expect the Vessels from Baltimore intended 
against the Enemy in our Bay, as we have given Governor Jefferson 
Reason to expect that they would be ready about this Time. We are 
afraid the Opportunity of doing any Thing effectual may be lost by 
a Delay 

[Council to Colo Thomas Price] 

Sir We request you to have all the Wheat procured by you, manu- 
factured immediately and forwarded wnih the Flour received, with 
all Expedition to Baltimore and there delivered to M'' Thomas Don- 
nellan. We are much in Want of the Hats and wish them to be sent 
either to this Place or Baltimore by the first safe Conveyance 

Wednesday 6* September 1780 Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. September 6 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Gassa- ^' ^^ 

way one hundred and Twenty seven Pounds, ten shillings due him p 

Ace' passed by the Aud G' 



278 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Daniel Wells, nine thousand Eight 
°" ^^ hundred and Twelve Pounds eight shillings and nine pence due him 
per Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Giles Express from the 
Head of Elk one hundred Pounds to be charged to the Continent 

That Benj^ Cawood Esq'' Collector of Charles County pay to 
Daniel Jenifer Purchasing Com^ for said County ten thousand 
Pounds to be by him Accounted for. 

That Dan' Jenifer Esq*" Commissioner of Loans for Cha* County 
pay to Walter Hanson jun'' Esq'' Contractor for Horses for said 
County ten Hogsheads of Tobacco to be accounted for. 
p igi Permission granted to Mess''^ Margaret Chambers to go to New 
York for the Purpose of obtaining relief from a Cancerous appear- 
ance in her face 

Liber C C [Council to Donaldson Yeates, Esqr.] 

No. 22 
p- I/O Sir We have received yours of the 3'' Ins' and cannot detain the 

Bearer to send our Determination on the Subject of it, but shall write 

you in a few Days 

[Council to Colo Henry Hollingsworth] 

Sir Your several Letters by Express with the Enclosures we have 
received and have not Time to write you fully on the several Matters 
therein contained. We must have a receiving Commissary at the 
Head of Elk and wish you to continue in that Appointment so far 
as relates to this State. Whenever you receive any Provision from 
the State Commissioners, you will have it immediately delivered to 
the Continental Agent or Quartermaster at Elk 
P. S. We enclose you the Papers required. 

[Council to Colo. Alex. L. Smith] 

Sir We wrote you by last Post informing you of your Appoint- 
ment to the Command of the Regiment Extraordinary and request- 
ing you would be here as soon as it was convenient. As all the Men 
excepting the Invalids, belonging to that Regiment have proceeded 
to join the Army under General Washington, if you proceed to the 
Northward immediately, it will save you an unnecessary lourney 
to this Place. Many of the Ofificers appointed have not yet joined and 
we think your Presence exceedingly wanted. 

Please to acknowlege the Receipt of this and your Acceptance 
of your Appointment. The Commissions will be forwarded in a few 
Days 



of the Council of Maryland. 279 

[Council to Rich'd Dallam Esqr., & liaruch Williams & John LiU-r C C 
Voorhees Esqr except the first Sentence] ^°- ^ 

Sir We received yours of the 30"' LJlt" and are exceedinj^ly con- 
cerned to find your principal indeed almost only Reliance for obtain- 
ing Supplies of Provision is on what you may receive for the I5£ 
Tax. 

This State having fallen very considerably short, for the two last 
Months, of the Supplies, particularly flour, which were required and 
have been expected by Congress and tlie Committee of Co-0[>eration p. ,-, 
it is incumbent on us to exert ourselves not only to make up that 
Deficiency immediately, but likewise to continue the Supplies for the 
Time to come. In this the Reputation of this State is deeply con- 
cerned as well as the general Interest of America at this particular 
Crisis : we must therefore again request your immediate and most 
diligent Attention to this Business. By Letters received from the 
Commissary General, the Committee of Co-operation and from his 
Excellency the Commander in Chief, a Dissolution of Part of the 
Army and other very disgraceful Consequences may be avoided, if 
we are enabled to inform the Commissary that he may expect con- 
siderable Supplies in a short Time. We are sensible Sir, in order 
to execute this Business to Efifect you must be powerfully assisted ; 
we shall therefore explain our Situation as fully as we can, by which 
you may, in some Measure, regulate your Conduct. The Assessment 
of Tobacco is to be collected in this Month & probably all of it will 
be in the Treasury by the Time limited, by the Law, a considerable 
Part before. This will enable us to raise a considerable Sum of 
Money and may be reckoned a certain Fund and we flatter ourselves 
the new Money, which is now printing under the Act of Assembly 
to enable the Treasurer of the Western Shore to draw and sell Bills 
of Exchange of the Western Shore to draw and sell Bills of Ex- 
change &''^ will in a great Measure, assist your Purchase. In Addi- 
tion to this, we have Reason to expect the new Bills for this State 
down immediately from Congress, further Means may arise from 
them. We do not know any good Reason why the new Monev should 
not circulate readily at 40 for i, as the State is to receive it at the 
same Rate, at least we cannot doubt but some Part of the Pur- 
chase I\Iay be made with it. Under our present Difficulties and the 
absolute Necessity of supplying the Army immediately, we request 
you to procure the Flour on the best Terms you can. Prav let us 
have your Answer and continue to inform us of your Proceedings 

[Council to Messrs. Isaac & Abm. Van Bibber] 
Gent" Your two Letters of the 4*'' & 6"' Ins* we this Day received 
and wish it was in our Power to furnish you with the Military Stores 
you require but we have not more than six 4 & 6** Cannon Our State 



28o Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C Boats are engaged to proceed down the Bay against the Enemy 
^^ immediately and we apprehend your Vessel will not be ready in 
Time to do any Thing effectual in Conjunction with the Force from 
p. 172 this and Virginia. We still hope something will be done in Balti- 
more to assist in this Business but Dispatch is absolutely necessary 
If the Captains of the Vessels bound to sea call on us, we can give 
them some material Information and we wish they may be permitted, 
with Liberty to cooperate in the Bay, with some Force we have here 
and expect they will meet from Virginia 



Liber C B Thursday 7* September 1780 

No. 23 ^ , 

September 7 Present as on yesterday. 

P' ^^^ Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to James M'^Cubbin 

a to the .Senate five hundred Pounds due him p Ace* passed by the 

Aud. Gen' 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Col° Forrest shoes and 
Blankets sufif' for the sick Soldiers in the Hospital. 

That M' John Shaw deliver to John Chalmers i Swivel & 20 
rounds of Powder & Ball, 4 muskets & 25 rounds Cartridges for each. 
I Ammunition Chest & 6 Cutlasses to be delivered in good order 
unless taken by the Enemy or the Powder & Ball expended in this 
Expedition. 

Commission of Letters of Marque & Reprisal issued to John Gif- 
fords Comm'' of the Brig Randolph 90 Tons burthen navigated by 
28 men, mounting 8 Carriage Guns belonging to John Gwin & 
Comp^ of Baltimore. 

September 8 Friday 8"" September 1780 

Present as on yesterday 

Ordered That the Collector of Baltimore Town pay to James 
Calhoun Esq"" Commissary of Purchases for Baltimore County 
Twenty thousand Pounds to be by him acc"^ for 

That Joshua Cockey one of the Collectors for Baltimore County 
pay to the said James Calhoun Ten thousand Pounds to be by him 
Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Patapsco Upper Hundred of Balt° 
County pay to the said James Calhoun ten thousand Pounds to be 
Accounted for 

That Samuel Godman pay to the said James Calhoun six thou- 
sand one hundred and twenty one Pounds, two shillings and nine 
Pence the Bal^ due the State for Sundries sold him. 

That M'' John Shaw deliver to Capt. Rob* Berry for the Plater 
250 Musket Cartridges, 6 Muskets & i Speaking Trumpet and also 



of the Council of Maryland. 281 

to Capt. William Middleton for the Dolphin 150 Musket Cartridges LiV>er C B 
6 Muskets i Quire Cartridges Paper and i speaking Trumpet. ' "■ ^^ 

That tlie Commissary of Stores deliver to M" Chase 2 yds Flannel 
to be paid for or returned. 

That Capt George Keeports deliver to Lieut Lurkett of the 
Regim' Extra 12 Blankets 

That the Collectors of the Tax for Calvert County pay six thou- 
sand and fifty Pounds to Thomas Jones Contractor for Horses in 
said County to be accounted for. 

That John Fenwick ColK of the Tax for S' Marys County pay to 
Jos. Ford Contractor for Horses in said County five thousand Pounds 
to be accounted for. 

That Cuthbert Abell Coll"" of the Tax for St. Mary's County pay 
to the said Joseph Ford five thousand Pounds to be Accounted for. 

Frederick Green, Thomas Johnson j"" John Callahan, Isaac p. 192 
M'^Hard, Nicholas Harwood Joseph Cowman are appointed Signers 
of the Bills emitted in Virtue of the Act to enable the Treasurer of the 
western shore to draw and sell Bills of Exchange and for an Emis- 
sion of Bills of Credit if necessary. 

[Council to Timothy Pickering Esqr] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We received your Letter of the 5**^ Ins* It gives us much Con- p. 172 

cern to be informed that the State has been so grossly imposed on 

by the Persons appointed to procure Horses on Account of the 

United States for the Army. We think with you, that it will be more 

for the Interest of the State to dispose of the Horses in Philadelphia, 

that have been rejected as unfit for Service, than to have them sent 

back, and do request you to inform Col° Sam' Miles that we have 

appointed him to sell them immediately and to transmit an Account 

of the Age, Marks, Colours & Defects of each Horse and the Price 

obtained for each, that we may endeavour to detect the Persons 

who have committed the Impositions and compel them to answer for 

their Conduct and to indemnify the State for the Loss that is likely 

to be sustained thereby. We have sent under the Care of Lieu' 

Lucket, twenty seven Horses which have been examined by M"' Bul- 

len and adjudged to be fit for Service. The Money arising from the 

Sale of the rejected Horses, Col° Miles must pay to the Delegates 

of this State. 

[Council to Delegates in Congress] 

Gen' We have just Time to inform you that we have began to 
emit the new Money from a Plate which we found would answer, and 
request you to direct the Workmen not to make the Plates. 



282 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Wm. Smith, Esqr.] 

No. 22 . . 

p. 173 Sir We received your Letter of the 7"^ Ins' and are much obliged 

by your Offer to lend the State a considerable Quantity of Ship 
Bread and what Flour you have on Hand but cannot determine to 
accept the Bread until we are informed by the Continental Com- 
missary, that it will suit the Army, and will be taken in Lieu of Flour, 
nor unless you will extend the Time mentioned for replacing it; 
because we are of Opinion we cannot comply with an Engagement 
to return it in so short a Time. If M*" Donnellan should, on Inspec- 
tion, think your Flour fit for the Army, we will take it ; but request 
you, if possible to allow us a longer Time to replace it. We think 
the Flour returned by the Commissioners ought to be of as good 
Quality as that seized, and if such is offered, we apprehend it cannot 
be refused 



Liber C B Saturday 9''' September 1780 

No. 23 
September 9 Present as on yesterday 



p. 192 



Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert Davis 
four hundred and Fiftv Pounds due him p Ace* passed by the Dep^ 
Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Joseph Ford one hundred & fifty 
Pounds on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Bryan one Pound seventeen 
shillings and six Pence in the Bills emitted by this State in lieu of 
seventy five Pounds due him p Account passed by the Aud. Gen^ 

That the said Treasurer pay to Dan' of S' Thomas Jenifer Esquire 
three hundred Dollars of the new Emission of this State on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Smoot one hundred Dollars 
of the new Emission on Account. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Dorchester County pay to John 
Smoot Esq"" one hundred and nine Pounds, eight shillings & four 
Pence due him p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That John Crisall Deliver to Berry & Middleton 400 is Meat and 
500 Is Bread & flour. 

Commissions of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to Gilbert 
La Roche Commander of the schooner Young Neptune 95 Tons 
burthen, navigated by 30 Men, mounting 10 Carriage Guns & 6 
swivels belonging to Mess" Lacaze & Mallet of Philadel^ also to 
Joseph Audett Commander of the Schooner Resource 80 Tons bur- 
then navigated by 24 Men, mounting 12 Carriage Guns and 8 
Swivels belonging to Dumestre of Baltimore and also to Bicket Fal- 
con commander of the Schooner Henry 40 Tons burthen, navigated 
by 12 Men mounting 3 Carriage Guns & 2 Howitz's belong^ to 
Jn° Smoot & Tho^ Russell Maryl'^ 



of the Council of Maryland. 283 

By his Exc^ Tho* Sim Lee Ksff Governor of Maryland. Liber C B 

A Proclamation ^°- "^^ 

Whereas full Power and authority is given to me by and with the 
Advice of the Council to continue the " Act entitled an Act to pro- 
hibit for a limited time the Exportation of Wheat, Flour, Rye, Indian 
Corn, Rice, Bread, Beef, Pork, Bacon, Live Stock Peas Beans Oats 
and other victual and for other Purposes, from and after the tenth 
Day of this Instant until the end of the next Session of the General 
Assembly and to issue my Proclamation accordinjjly ; Provided the 
Embargo be continued in the States of Pennsylvania and Delaware, 
so that the Trade of Delaware Bay be not open for the Emolument 
of the People residing on the Waters or in the Vicinity thereof And 
it appearing that the Embargo hath been Continued in the State of 
Pennsylvania until the Thirtieth Day of this Month and in the State 
of Delaware until the twentieth Day of October next I do therefore P- 193 
by and with the Advice of the Council hereby continue the said Act 
until the last Day of this Month. 

Given at Annapolis this <f^ Day of Septem"" 1780 
By his Exc^'" Command T. Johnson ;■■ Sec^ T. S. Lee 

[Council to Patrick Sim Smith Esqr.] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We have received yours of the 7"' Ins' and request you would p. 173 
have all the Produce of the Wheat packed into Barrels excepting the 
Shorts and Bran 

[Council to Capt. Barron] 
Sir We have sent down our State Boats, with Directions to render 
what Service they can, in clearing the Bay of the Enemy in Conjunc- 
tion with your Force. The Assistance we expected from Baltimore is 
prevented by some Intelligence received there from the West Indies, 
which delays the Departure of the Vessels who were to have Acted 
some Time, in the Bay with our joint Force. 

[Council to James Horner Esqr. Shrff of Harford County] 
Sir M*" Jn° Lee Webster hath represented to us, that previous 
to the Sitting of Harford County November Court, the extraor- 
dinary Conduct and menacing Expressions of Thomas Hall of said 
County indicating an Intention to deprive him of his Life, or to 
commit some very outrageous Violence on his Person, induced him 
to apply to a Magistrate for a Warrant to apprehend the said Hall, 
that he might be compelled to give Security for his good Behaviour 
and to keep the Peace towards the said Webster; That a Warrant 
was obtained and executed by a Constable and Hall recognized for 
his Appearance at Harford County November Court last and to keep p. 1^4 
the Peace in the Mean Time; that Hall did not appear and attend 



284 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C agreeable to the Tenor of his Recognizance ; that the said Webster, 
°' ^^ during the Time Hall was bound for his bood Behaviour, received 
fresh Instances of his malignant and implacable Disposition and 
applied to the Court to have him bound in a larger Sum of Money ; 
that the Court issued their Warrant to the Sheriff to apprehend the 
said Hall and bring him into that Court to answer the Complaint 
exhibited against him by the said Webster that the Sheriff has made 
several Attempts to take the said Hall but was deterred by the 
Threats and Resistance made by him who goes constantly armed 
with Pistols and a heavy Cudgel, to oppose the Sheriff in the Exe- 
cution of his Office, and forbids him to make an Arrest. We esteem 
it our indispensable Duty to preserve the Peace and Tranquility of 
the State and to protect every Individual in the full and unrestrained 
Enjoyment of his Rights and Priveleges and to prevent by all lawful 
Ways and Means the Perpetration of any unlawful Act and to bring 
to condign Punishment all refractory Persons that have been daring 
enough, not only to violate the Law but to stand in Opposition to the 
Authority of Government. The above Relation of Facts, with 
such Opinion of our Duty have made us resolve to inform you, that 
you and your Deputies ought to use your utmost Endeavours to 
apprehend the said Thomas Hall, and if he still should resist, you 
ought to summon the Posse Comitatus or Body of the County to 
assist you in taking him and carrying him before some lustice of 
the Peace ; every Person you summon is compellable to serve and you 
ought not to admit any Excuse, and if he should refuse you ought 
to present him to the Grand Jury. It is necessary you should execute 
your Precept immediately, because if you should delay it and any 
Mischief or Evil should result from your Negligence, it will be 
justly imputable to you 

[Council to Capts. Berry & Middleton] 

Sir As Col° Haddaway of Talbot County engaged to man our 
Boats with a Number of Voluntiers in order to assist in clearing 
the Bay of the Enemy, you are to proceed with the Boats to the 
most convenient Place for taking in Col. Haddaway and his Men, 
and then to proceed down the Bay as low as the Tangiers or the 
sound, taking Care to procure what Intelligence you can of the 
Force of the Enemy and to act accordingly : an Extract from Gov- 
ernor Jefferson's Letter with the Signals agreed on are enclosed 
for your Government you are to give Notice to the Lieutenant of the 
County where you may be that you will be ready to convoy any Pro- 
visions they may be sending up thfe Bay, as soon as you find it will be 
proper to return 



of the Council of Maryland. 285 

Monday 11 September 1780 Lil>cr C B 

Present as on Saturday. Scptc-mlx^- 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Dorothy Erring- p. 193 
ton one hundred and six Pounds due him -p Ace' passed by the Dep" 
Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Frederick Green Thirty six 
Pounds, five shilhngs and five Pence of the new Emission in lieu of 
one thousand four hundred and fifty Pounds, five shilhngs due him 
•p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That tlie said Treasurer pay to Col° Philip Feddeman five hun- 
dred Pounds of the Emission to be delivered over to Col'' James 
Hindman Commissary for Talbot County on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said Philip Fiddeman Two 
hundred Pounds of the new Emission to be delivered over to Charles 
Blake Esq"" Com^ of Purchases for Queen Anns County on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Crisall one thousand Pounds 
on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Rawlings one hundred 
and fifty Pounds due him p Ace* passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker Two hundred and 
fifty Pounds of the new Emission of this State to be delivered over 
to James Calhoun Esq*" Commissary for Baltimore County on 
Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker Three Pounds 
fifteen Shillings of the said new Emission on Account 

That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to Philip Fiddeman Con- 
tractor for Horses in Queen Anns County six thousand four hun- 
dred Pounds on Account 

William Wilkins, Nicholas Harwood, John Callahan, Frederick 
Green, Isaac M'^Hard & Thomas Johnson J*" appointed Signers of 
the New Bills of Credit emitted by Congress and under the "Act for 
Sinking the Quota required by Congress of this State of the Bills of 
Credit emitted by Congress " 

Commission of Letters of Marque & Reprisal issued to Peter 
Sharpe Commander of the Schooner Luzerne 80 Tons burthen navi- 
gated by 17 Men, mounting 6 Carriage Guns belonging to John 
M'^Lure & Joseph Yeates of Balt° and also to Jonathan Bufiington 
Comm'" of the Brig Rambler 80 Tons burthen navigated by 25 men, 
mounting 10 Carriage Guns belonging to William Patterson & 
brothers of Baltimore 



286 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to James Calhoun Esqr.] 

No. 22 

p- 175 Sir We send you by the Bearer Jonathan Parker 250 £ in new 
Money at 40 for i to 10,000 £. Pray let us know what has been 
done about M"" Smith's Flour and your Prospect of Purchasing. 

Since writing the above, we have received yours of the 10*'' Our 
Proclamation continuing the Embargo, which Jonathan Parker 
carries up, will prevent any Interference between you and M"" 
Mathews and every other Person, as none of the prohibited articles 
can be exported without Permission. If we find we can, without 
Detriment to the State, give Licence to the Bank to export Flour, 
upon Application from them, we shall do it in such a Manner as 
will prevent the numerous Evils that would certainly result from 
a Competition beween our State's Purchasers and others. If M' 
Smith will permit us to take such of the Flour as is good, we request 
M'' Donnellan to receive it as before directed. 

[Council to Jeremiah Jordan Esqr.] 

Sir We received yours of the 20**" Ult° and are sorry to find you 
have on Hand so large a Quantity of Corn damaged, particularly at 
a Time when Provision is so extremely wanted for the Army. If it 
is in such a Condition that you could obtain new Corn for it in the 
Fall, it still may be proper to answer for the Army ; if so, we request 
you to forward it and any other you have on Hand. Should any 
remain, in your Opinion, so much damaged as not to be proper to 
p. 176 forward, we think it would be best to have it sold immediately. We 
request you to let us know whether you received our Letter of the 
21** Aug' & what you have done in Consequence of it and that you 
send to the Treasury immediately, whatever you have received. 



September Tuesday 12 September 1780 

Liber C B Present as on yesterday 

No. 23 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Sol° Stympson 
Sixty two Pounds ten shillings of the New Emission of this State 
on Account. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut. John 
Chever of the late Cap* Gales Comp^ of Artillery Linen for 2 Shirts 
and Cloth for a waistcoat & Breeches and also i p"" shoes and Stock- 
ings to be Accounted for. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Montgomery County pay to 
Col° Solomon Stympson Contractor for Waggons and Teams in 
said County Twelve thousand Pounds to be Accounted 

That the issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. William Beatty of 
the 7"" Reg' 8 Gallons of Rum 32 is Sugar & 18 is Cofifee in full of 



p. 193 



of the Council of Maryland. 287 

those Articles all'' by the Gen' Assembly for May, June, July and U\>tT C B 
August. * '^' ^^ 

Permission is hereby given to Dorothy Hedrington and Sam' 
Stanning of this State to solicit I^eave from His Excellency Gen' 
Washington or the Commanding Off at the Out Posts of the Ameri- 
can Army at Elizabeth Town to go to New York for the Purpose of 
obtaining a Passage from thence to Great Britain not to return 
again into this State during the present war, without the Leave of the 
Gov' & Council. 

Pardon granted to Negro Jack Slave of Samuel Daw, convicted 
in Calvert County Court for House Breaking. 



[Council to Solomon Stympson] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir You will call on the People mentioned below for the Corn P- '76 
which they are deficient by your Certificates and oblige them either 
to deliver the Corn, or pay the Price of what you gave for it with the 
Interest thereon, or take Wheat agreeable to the Prices given by the 
Commissary of Purchases for Montgomery County to be delivered 
to him at Such Place as he shall direct 
W"" Hough 44i Bush'* John Harwood 6 Sam' Offut 2 J 
Jn° Gillum 3. Henry O Neil 27 Josias Miles 10. Geo. 
Beall 3'^ 50 142 J Bush'' 

[Council to Colo. James Hindman] 

Sir We received yours of the 6*'' Ins* When we gave Directions 
to the Lieu* of the County to receive Wheat from those who other- 
wise could not pay their Proportion of the 15 p C* we little expected 
that a Measure tending so much to the Ease of the People would 
have met with any obstruction, much less that the Power of the 
Lieu* of the County, to issue his Warrant to execute those who 
neglected to pay, would be disputed, particularly in a County which 
has not raised a Man of their Quota for the new Regiment & filling 
up our Battalions. We are of Opinion that it was the Intention of 
the General Assembly, that the Horses furnished by the Non-jurors 
should be construed a Part of the Number required from each 
County. Enclosed we send you five hundred of the new Money 
amounting to twenty thousand Pounds at 40 for i, and request you 
to forward, with all possible Dispatch, all the Provision you obtain. 
The Cattle as well as Flour are extremely wanted at Camp and. as 
soon as you have made up a sufficient Number to send in a Drove 
it will be proper to hire Persons to drive them, to be delivered to 
Col° Hollingsworth at the Head of Elk. It will not be proper to issue 
any more Certificates 



288 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Colo. Joseph Dashiell] 

No 22 

p. 177 Sir Yours of the 10* Ins* we have this Day received and are sorry 
to observe that there should be any Interference so as to injure your 
Purchase of Pork. We are happy to find you have engaged a 
Number of Cattle which, as well as the other Kind of Provision, 
is much wanted in our Army ; we therefore request you to have them 
drove to the Head of Elk as soon as possible and have all the other 
Provision transported to that Place and delivered to Col° Henry 
Hollingsworth. We do not think you ought to give a higher Price 
for Pork than our former Limitation. We enclose you an Order on 
Col° George Dashiell for £10,000 agreeable to your Request and send 
you £250 of the new Bills of Credit, equal to £10,000 which you are 
to pass at 40 for i and in no other Manner and you are not to give 
a superior Price in this Money (calculating at that Rate) to what 
you allow in Continental Money. With these Sums, we think you 
will be easy and that they will very much accelerate your Purchases. 
As the New Money will answer all the Purposes of Certificates in 
Payment for Cattle, we do not think it will be necessary for you to 
issue any. We think that any Provision which you are directed to 
purchase ought to be taken in Payment for the 15 p C* due from 
those Classes who have not furnished a Recruit. We wish you to 
forward the Corn without Delay and as you will be best informed of 
the Situation of the Enemy's Vessels in the Bay, we must rely on 
your Discretion in this Business, to chuse a proper Time to send 
it to the Head of Elk to be delivered to Col° Hollingsworth. Our 
armed Boats were sent down the Bay against the Enemy's Vessels, 
before we received yours and think they may answer the Purpose 
for which you require them. 

Same order as to Gen' Hooper, respecting Whaland of the 13th 
Ins' enclosed, with respect to I. Betsworth, Tho^ Price & an English- 
man called Jack. 



Liber C B Wednesday 13''' September 1780 

SeptSber Present as on yesterday. 

13 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Price 
Two hundred and fifty Pounds of the new Emission of the State 
to be delivered over to Col° Joseph Dashiell Commissary for Wor- 
cester County and to be by him Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Price Eighty seven 
Pounds ten shillings due him p Ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Thomas Lansdale Twenty 
five Pounds Eleven shillings and nine Pounds, fourteen shillings 
and Eleven Pence farthing of the new Emission due him p Ace** 
passed by the D. Aud. 



p. 194 



of the Council of Maryland. 289 

That Col° George Dashiell pay to Col" Joseph Dasliiell Commis- Libcr C B 
sary for Worcester County Ten thousand Pounds out of the money °' ^^ 
received from the Classes who have not furnished Substitutes on 
Account. 

Whereas Job Greene of Baltimore County did on the 27'^ day 
of Dec'' 1777 enter into Bond with Securities in the Penal Sum of 
Two thousand Pounds payable to the State of Maryland with Con- 
dition that he the said Job Greene should in all things demean and 
behave himself as a good true and faithful Subject of the State and 
that he should not go out of Baltimore County without the leave 
of the Governor and Council of this State first obtained in writing. 
And whereas it does not appear to this Board that the said Job 
Greene's leaving the said County will be of any prejudice to the 
State the said Job Greene is hereby permitted to Leave Baltimore 
County at his pleasure notwithstanding the Condition of the above 
mentioned Bond. 

Sir. It appearing to us from the Depositions of Val Peyton and 
Simeon Lombard taken in Council the second of this Instant, Copies 
of which we have enclosed that Joseph Whaland who lives on Garden 
Island is a Person whose going at Large we deem dangerous to the 
State, and this and the neighbouring State of Virginia being at this 
Time invaded by Privateers and Cruisers of the Enemy we do there- 
fore hereby authorize, require and Command you to arrest the said 
Joseph Whaland and him have before us immediately. 

To Henry Hooper Esq"" Lieut of Dor. County 

A Copy of the above order sent to Col° George Dashiell of Somer- 
set County to apprehend I. Betsworth, Thomas Price and an En- 
glishman called Jack. 

[Council to His Excy Govr. Jefiferson.] Ljber c C 

Sir We have received Information that a certain James Ander- p 173 
son, a Subject of this State, was captured in one of the Barges or 
Gallies which have, for some Time past, infested our Bay and inter- 
rupted our Trade, by Capt^ Yellott & Folger and carried into the 
the State of Virginia, and is now confined at Richmond. Anderson, 
before and since our Governm* was formed, lived on Fell's Point in 
Baltimore Town, took the Oath of Allegiance and Fidelitj' to the 
State prescribed by Law, was appointed and commissioned a Lieuten- 
ant in one of our Gallies, and from his Activity and apparent Zeal, 
was always reputed a Friend to America and entrusted with the 
Command of a Vessel owned by some Gentlemen in Baltimore which 
he carried to New York ; he is well acquainted with our Bay and has 
committed great Depredations on the Property of our Inhabitants. 
The above Recapitulation of Facts renders it unnecessary to suggest 
19 



290 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C to your Excellency that the said Anderson cannot be deemed a 
No. 22 Prisoner of War and exchangeable, though he may hold a Commis- 
sion from the Enemy and was taken in one of their Vessels, because 
he was a Subject of this State, took the Oath of Allegiance as such, 
and no subsequent Act by him can dissolve the Obligation he was 
under to the State, and therefore was, at the Time he received his 
Commission and must now be considered a Subject of this State and 
amenable to its Laws for any Offence committed against the Peace 
and Government thereof. We do charge the said Anderson with 
High Treason against the State and solicit you to cause him to be 
sent to us, under a Sufficient Guard in Order to take his Trial at 
our General Court, which will be held on the second Tuesday in 
October next and to transmit what Testimony you may have against 
him. We shall take Care that every Expence incurred thereby shall 
be reimbursed, as soon as it is ascertained. 

[Council Colo. George Dashiell] 

Sir. We received yours, without Date. It was our Intention the 
Militia should have been kept only in Readiness to give Assistance 
to the Force we intended sending down, and not on public Expense 
until then. Our Boats are, we suppose, now, some where near you ; if 
they should have Occasion for any Aid, we expect you will render 
all in your Power, and discharge the Militia immediately when the 
service is done : any Provision that may be wanting for that Pur- 
pose, may be properly drawn from the Commissary. We have sent 
Col° Joseph Dashiell an Order on you for 10,000 £ 
5^^ Same Order as to Jos. Dashill on the 12 Ins' enclosed 

[Council to Charles Blake Esqr.] 

p. 179 Sir Yours of the g^^ Ins* came to Hand. Col° Fiddeman received 
from us a few Days ago f 200 in the new Bills amounting at 40 for i , 
to 8000 £ which he promised to deliver to you and we hope to hear 
soon that you have Occasion for a further Sum of it, which shall be 
sent over on Notice. Unless the Owner of the 1500 Bushels of Wheat 
you mention, will agree to receive at least, a considerable Part of 
this Money in Payment, we are apprehensive you will be under 
Difficulties in agreeing with him : in order to enable you to do this, 
if possible, or at least to carry on your other Purchases, we have 
wrote to Col° Hemsly, to which we refer you. 

[Council to Wm. Hemsley Esqr.] 

Sir M"^ Charles Blake informs us that he has a Prospect of obtain- 
ing a considerable Quantity of Wheat on reasonable Terms, if he 
can be supplied with Cash, and requests an Order on you for what 
Money you have on Hand, or may receive for the 15 "p Cent. We 
therefore desire you will supply him with what you have. 



of the Council of Maryland. 291 

Thursday 14 September 1780 Liber C B 

No. 23 

Present as on yesterday. September 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Smith one p. 195 
hundred and fifty Pounds of the new Emission of this State to be 
delivered over to Richard Dallam Esq' Commissary of Purchases 
for Harford County to be Accounted for. 

[Council to Richard Dallam Esqr.] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir When we sent you Tobacco, we thought it reasonable to p- 179 
expect you would readily get it off your Hands, at the Price limited, 
as every Person will have to pay Tobacco to the Public within this 
Month or afterwards Money at the Rate of 90 £ p O If you cannot 
make it answer agreeable to our former Instructions, please to send 
it to us. We have no Return made by M'' Wheeler, of the Teams 
procured by him nor indeed any Specie in the Treasury, therefore 
cannot pay M'' Wheeler's Order. We send by M"^ Smith £150 of 
the new Bills amounting to six thousand Pounds at 40 for i which 
we hope you will be able to pass at that Rate, and on Notice that you 
have Occasion for a further Sum, we will forward it to you have 
Occasion for a further Sum, we will forward it to you 



Friday 15* September 1780 September 

15 
Present as on yesterday. Liber C B 

. No. 23 

Ordered That Thomas Johns Commissioner of Loans for Mont- p. 195 

gomery County pay to Thomas Richardson Commissary of Pur- 
chases for said County all the Money and Tobacco which he may 
have received as Commissioner aforesaid to be by him Accounted 
for. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Richard Welsh Thirty 
seven Pounds ten shillings due him -p Ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° James Tootell on hundred 
and thirty one Pounds, fifteen shillings of the new Emission of this 
State to be delivered over to Russell and Gilmore in lieu of five thou- 
sand Two hundred and seventy Pounds, the Balance of J. Randall's 
Order of the 18''' May last 

Commissions of Letters of Marque & Reprisal Issued to Luke 
Kiersted Commander of the Brig Fair American, 90 Tons burthen, 
navigated by 26 Men mount^ 8 Carriage Guns, belonging to Sam^ & 
Robert Purviance of Baltimore and also to Robert Montgomery 
Commander of the Schooner Holker 80 Tons burthen navigated by 
14 men, mounting 6 Carriage Guns and 4 Swivels belonging to 
Ridley & Pringle and Company of Baltimore Town 



292 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber c C [Council to His Excy Genl Washington] 

No. 22 
p. 179 Sir We were this Day honored with your Excellency's Letter of 

the 6* Ins* The Regiment lately raised by this State, is at Philadel- 
phia, where it has been some Days past, under the Command of Major 
Giles, who has the Orders of the Board of War for necessary 
Cloathing. When the Articles are procured, which the Major is 
extremely desirous of effecting, and which, he writes, he shall cer- 
tainly accomplish very shortly the Regiment shall be marched with 
p. 180 the utmost Expedition to reinforce the southern Army, agreeably 
to your Excellency's Orders. We beg your Excellency to be assured 
that every Thing shall be done on our Part to give Efficacy to your 
Order and facilitate the March of the Troops to the Place of Des- 
tination 

[Council to Thos. Beall of Geo.] 

Sir. We request you to forward to the Head of Elk, all the 
Flour & Corn you have on Hand, reserving about 300 Bushels of the 
Latter. As M'' Richardson will have Occasion to forward Flour, 
we recommend it to you to consult with him and to embrace the first 
opportunity, when you have Reason to think the Navigation is safe. 
When there is an Opportunity, we shall forward you a Sum of the 
new Money. If you cannot discharge your old Debts with it, we hope 
you will make it answer in your future Transactions and we will 
supply you with other Money when it is in our Power, for what is 
already done. 

[Council to Messrs. Smith & Matthews Balto.] 

Gen* At the last Session of Assembly, so much of the Act to 
prohibit for a limited Time, the Exportation of Provisions, was 
repealed as prohibited the Exportation of any of the Articles enumer- 
ated in the said Act by Land. We apprehend there is no Necessity for 
giving you the desired Permission, as there is Nothing in the exist- 
ing Law which restrains you from exporting Flour to Philadelphia 
by Land. We flatter ourselves you will conduct yourselves in the 
Execution of this Business, with the Degree of Caution and Dis- 
cretion which is necessary to prevent a Competition with other pub- 
lic Purchasers of Flour 

[Council to Thomas Richardson Esqr] 

In Council Annapolis 15* Sepf 1780 
Sir We enclosed you an Order on M"" Johns for what Money & 
Tobacco he has received as a Commissioner of Loans, & will forward 
by the first Opportunity, some of the new Money. The pressing 
Demands for Provision for the Army require that what is procured 
be forwarded as soon as you have Reason to believe the Navigation 



of the Council of Maryland. 293 

of the Bay is safe. Our Boats are now down amonjj the Tangier Liber C C 



Islands, and a considerable Fleet of Merchantmen have lately gone 
down from Baltimore 



No. 22 



[Council to William Baily Junr Esqr.] p '81 

Sir Yours of the 8"^ Instant was received this Day. We have 
given M"" Richardson an Order on M"" Tho" Johns for all the Money 
and Tobacco which he has received on Loan, by which M"" Richardson 
by receiving Provision for the Amount of your Subscription, [may] 
settle the Matter with both you and M' Johns. 



Saturday 16 September 1780 Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. September 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Athanasius p. 195 
Ford three thousand five hundred Pounds to be delivered over to 
Joseph Ford Contractor for Horses in Saint Mary's County. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Goldsmith Two Pounds, 
twelve shillings and four Pence half Penny of the new Emission 
of this State due him p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° James Hindman one thousand 
five hundred Pounds of the new Emission of this State on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° J. Hindman five hundred 
pounds of the new Emission of this State to be delivered over to John 
C. Harrison Com"^ of Dorchester County on Account. 

Ordered That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Eliz^ Hopkins p. 196 
a soldiers wife 4 days Rations to enable her to proceed to Charles 
County 

That the Collector of the Tax for Talbot County pay to Col° James 
Hindman Commissary of Purchases in said County Twenty thousand 
Pounds of Tobacco on Ace* 

That The western shore Treasurer pay to James Hindman 10 
hh'^^ of Tobacco on account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to George Poe two hundred and 
fifty Pounds of the new Emission to be delivered over to David 
Poe on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to George Poe three hundred Pounds 
to be delivered over to Thomas Donnellan Commissary at Balt° Town 
on Account 

[Council to Messrs Richardson & Beall] Liber C C 

Gent" Notwithstanding our Letters of yesterday to you. we p. 181 
have now to desire you will not forward any Provision, until you 
receive our further Directions. 



294 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Mr. Thos Donellan] 

°" ^^ Sir Please to send us a Return of what Provision you have for- 
warded since your last. Whatever you may receive from this Time, 
must be stored and detained, until you have further Orders from us, 
excepting what you deliver to M"" W. Smith, agreeable to our former 
Instructions. We hope M*" Calhoun will be able to deliver you some 
Salt Meat at least to answer the Purpose you mention. 

[Council to James Calhoun Esqr] 
Sir We have just received Letters which make it proper that the 
Provision you procure should be stored and detained in Baltimore, 
until our further Order. M"" Donellan requests to be furnished with 
some Salt Meat, we hope you will be able to supply him. 

[Council to Majr John Stewart] 

Sir We received your Favor of the 13* Ins' The Arrival of a 
Flag of Truce in Baltimore from New Providence, has not been 
regularly announced to us, nor have we any Information of it 
that could be depended on, but what has been imparted by you. We 
approve of your Conduct in taking proper Precautions to prevent the 
Evils that might arise from a free and unrestrained Communication 
between M"" Master & his Acquaintances. As M'' Master has Pris- 
oners on Board to be exchanged, we are desirous of being particu- 
larly informed how he obtained Leave to bring them to this State, 
by whom the Flag was granted, and of every other Matter that 
relates to it, and therefore give Leave to M"" Master and the American 
p. 182 Captains on Board to come here by Land or, if it should be more 
agreeable they may come down in the Flag. You will communicate 
this to M'' INIaster & the Captains 



September Monday 1 8* September 1780 

18 
Liber C B Present as on Saturday. 

No.^23 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to the Honble 

George Plater Esq"" thirty seven Pounds ten shillings of the new 

Emission of this State on Ace* 

That the said Treasurer pay to Timothy Brannon of the 6* Regi- 
ment Twenty Pounds in lieu of Articles allowed him by the General 
Assembly. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt Boyer sixty Pounds and 
five Pence of the new Emission of this State in lieu of two thou- 
sand four hundred Pounds, seventeen shillings and one Penny half 
Penny to be delivered over to Abraham Faw due him -p Account 
passed by the Aud. Gen^ 



of the Council of Maryland. 295 

That the said Treasurer pay to Tlioinas Harwood J-'sq' Con- Liber C B 
tinental Treasurer or order 'i'welvc thousand two hundred and sixty * °- ^^ 
three Dollars and one tliird of a Dollar of the new Bills emitted by 
this State in lieu of four hundred and ninety thousand five hundred 
and thirty three Dollars and one third of a Dollar of the Continental 
Bills of Credit part of the Quota of this State for the use of the 
United States. 

Commissions issued to Thomas Long app'' Ens. of Capt John 
Stoners Comp^ John Due Carey Capt in the room of Peter Grosh, 
John Shellman i Lieut & Rich'' Waters 2 L' Gray Harding Capt in 
the room of Peter Keepheart, John Compton i Lieut John Johnson 
2^ Lieut & Thomas Hill Ens. belonging to the Ered Town Battalion 
of Mil* Fred. County. 



Tuesday 19*'' September 1780 September 

Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Rich- 
ardson Commissary for Montgomery County one thousand five hun- 
dred Pounds of the new Emission of this State to be accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Tho^ Beall of Geo. Two hundred & 
fifty Pounds of the said new Emission on Account. 

That John Bullen Esquire deliver to Col° Forrest's Order five good 
Horses. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Montgomery County pay to 
Thomas Richardson Esquire Commissary of Purchases for said 
County Twelve thousand Pounds of Tobacco on Account. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to the following p. 197 
Officers of the German Regiment viz. Col° Ludowick Weltner, Capt^ 
Michael Boyer, Charles Baltzel Christian Myers Lieut^ Martin 
Shugars, Jacob Grometh & David Morgan Ens. Jacob Raypold and 
Alex Smith Surgeons Mate, each one thousand one hundred and 
forty nine Pounds, fifteen shillings in lieu of the Articles of Stores 
allowed by the Gen' Assembly from the V^ January 1780 to the i^' 
of October next. 

[Council to John Sterrett Esqr] Liber C C 

Xo. 22 
Sir Commander Barron from the State of Virginia, is just arrived p. 182 

here, in Expectation of being joined by some Vessels of Force (ac- 
cording to the Information communicated to Gov'' Jeflferson, in Con- 
sequence of the Engagement of M'' Steward on Behalf of the Mer- 
chants of Baltimore Town) to cooperate with him in capturing & 
expelling from our Bay, the Privateers & Cruisers of the Enemy 
which, you are sensible, have not only injured the Traders of this 



296 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C State, by interrupting the Commerce, but committed considerable 
^^ depredations on the Property of the Inhabitants. Upon this Occasion, 
we are very anxious to render the Commodore every Assistance in 
our Power, as well to effect the desirable Purpose of driving the 
enemy from our Bay, as to comply with our Engagement, as far as 
possible, to the Governor of Virginia. The Commodore has brought 
up the Barge in which Anderson was taken, and thinks, if she was 
properly fitted, she would be very serviceable and, in Conjunction 
with the State Boats, be sufficient to attack the Enemy's Barges & 
Whale Boats, and that the Barge would be particularly useful in ex- 
pelling them from the Creeks & other Places of Concealment. If you 
will lend us the Barge to go on this Expedition, we will have her 
manned & properly equipped and will make you a proper Compen- 
sation (if any should be required) for the Use and will, in Case she 
should be captured or sustain any Damage, pay you her present 
Value, to be ascertained by proper ludges, or repair the Damage 

[Council to Capt Geo P. Keeports] 

Sir. We have transmitted you, by Cap* Boyer £ 60. of the new 
Emission of this State, with which we request you to purchase the 
several Articles enumerated below and deliver them to Cap* Boyer. 
You will not give a higher Price in this Money than in Continental 
Dollars, calculating one of these Dollars to be equal to forty 
216" Brown Sugar @ 6oss. I3>^*'' Bohea Tea @ 37..10..0 
1215^" Coffee @ 4..10..0, 27" Soap @ 75s., 27" of Tobacco manu- 
factured for Officers @ 50 s. 78** Tob° common for Soldiers. 

[Council to Delegates in Congress] 

Gent" By a Letter received this Day from Gen^ Gates, we are ad- 
vised that, in Virtue of a Resolve of Congress, authorizing him to call 
upon this State for Supplies for the Southern Army, he had drawn 
in Favor of several Gentleman for very large Sums. One of those 
Draughts for 320,000 Dollars has been presented for Payment. Our 
Treasury is empty, but were it otherwise, we should be under some 
Difficulty as to the Propriety of paying it, having not been officially 
informed that Congress had vested the General with such extraor- 
dinary Powers, nor indeed have we any other Information of it 
than what is communicated by the General's Letter of this Day and 
the Draught of the Deputy P. M. General for the Southern Depart- 
ment, which Draught concludes in these Words " Agreable to Re- 
solve of Congress of the 17* June last." We have no Doubt but the 
Powers exercised by Gen^ Gates were delegated to him and as we 
cannot find any Mention made of it in the Journals of Congress 
esteemed improper for Publication. We beg you will give us such 
Information on this Head as you judge prudent and necessary for our 
lustification 



of the Council of Maryland. 297 

Wednesday 20"' September 1780 September 

20 
Present as on yesterday Liber C B 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Mich' j, °'^^ 
Boyer four Pounds, Eighteen shilHngs & Eight Pence half Penny in 
Specie in Heu of the three hundred and forty three Pounds, five 
shilHngs due him p ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Michael Boyer sixty Pounds 
of the New Emission of this State to be delivered over to Capt Geo 
Keeports on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Athanasius Ford five hundred 
Pounds of the New Emission of this State to be delivered over to 
Joseph Ford Com^ for S' Marys County on Ace* 

Capt. Michael Boyer of the German Regim' is hereby appointed 
to issue the Articles allowed to the Officers and Soldiers of the said 
Regim' agreeably to the Act of Assembly. 

This Board have agreed with Mathew Ridley Esq'' for 8 or 9 hhd' [Tafia is a 
of good Rum at 27-10-0 p Gall. 2000 Gall^ Taffier @ 18. 15.0 -p Gall f^'^^^^'^ 
and 1000* of Coffee @ £ 3.15.0 -p i to be paid in the new Emission 
of this State at i for 40. 

[Council to Col. Lodowick Weltner] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir Yours of the 10'^ of August was received and we are really p. 183 
sorry for the Sufferings of you and your Regiment and wish it had 
been in our Power to have given them immediate and ample Relief ; 
but, such has been our Situation with Respect to Money, that we 
have not been able to gratify our Inclinations by supplying you with 
the Stores &"^^ ordered by the General Assembly. We have given 
Cap' Boyer Orders on the Treasury for all the Stores due the several 
Officers of your Regiment, from Maryland, to the first Day of 
October next, and have furnished him with Stores Sufficient to the 
first Day of January next : as soon as it is in our Reach they shall 
be supplied with the necessary Cloathing. We have appointed Cap' 
Boyer to issue these Articles, which he is to account for. As there 
is more Rum sent forward than will be sufficient for the Officers, 
Cap' Boyer has Directions to issue it, on your Order, to the Soldiers 
in the Proportion ordered by the Assembly 

[Council to Joseph Ford Esqr.] p. 184 

Sir. We received yours o fthe 14"^ Ins' and send by your Brother 
£500 in new Bills. We do not know on what you have founded your 
Opinion that the Commissioners will not allow the Collector to 
receive the Money for Taxes, or that they have any Power to direct 
what Money shall or shall not be received. The Law for sinking our 
Proportion of the Continental Bills of Credit, makes the new Bills 



298 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C a Tender for Taxes at 40 for i . and the State Money, we apprehend, 
^^ is to be received under the same Regulation. This will be, in our 
Opinion, agreeable to the Intention of the General Assembly, & the 
Treasurer, if there should be any Doubt with him, will have our 
Directions to receive it at that Rate. No Certificates should be given 
obligatory on the State to discharge them in Continental Bills of 
Credit. We enclose three Certificates amounting to 3500 £, having 
given an Order in your Favor for that Sum to M"" Athanasius Ford 

[Council to Mr. Thos. Donellan] 

Sir We have purchased of M'' Ridley, nine Hogsheads of Rum 
and one thousand Pounds of Coffee, which we request you to receive 
and have Stored, until further Directions from us. We also request 
you to receive 2000 Gallons of TafF purchased of the same Gen- 
tleman. 

[Council to Capt. Geo. Keeports] 

Sir Since writing you this Morning we have purchased a Quan- 
tity of CofiFee, which is to be delivered to M'' Thomas Donnellan, on 
whom you are to call for the Quantity ordered to be purchased and 
delivered to Cap' Boyer. 



September Thursday 21 September 1780 

Liber C B Present as on yesterday 

No. 23 Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq'' 
Twelve Pounds ten shillings of the new Emission of this State on 
Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Muir four hundred Pounds 
of the new Emission of this State on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said John Muir Two hundred 
and thirty Eight Pounds fifteen shillings for Shirts & Overalls made 
for Cont^ Troops under the Command of Capt. William Reily p 
ace' passed. 
Liber C C [Council to Mr Thos Donellan] 

p°i84 Sir We informed you yesterday of a Purchase of Goods we had 
made of M'' Ridley, which were to be delivered to you. We request 
you to have them all sent down by the most convenient Opportunity, 
to this Place, except one Hogshead of Rum & I2i>2** Coffee, to be 
delivered to Cap' Keeports, together with the Hats sent from Fred- 
erick by Col° Price and the Blankets & Oznabrigs in the Possession of 
M'' Keeports. We expect M"" Muir will purchase a Number of 
p. 185 Blankets which you will send down immediately with the other 
Things mentioned. We think it most adviseable to have the damaged 
Flour baked into Ship Biscuit by mixing with it some of the Ship 



of the Council of Maryland. 299 

Stuff, so as to make it fit for Use, to prevent farther Loss. We Lilxtr C C 
request you to be particularly attentive to the Rum, and before you ^°' ^^ 
receive it, to examine the QuaHty, as it was sold to us for what was 
esteemed good, and, as many Tricks arc played, both in the West 
Indies and on the Passage with this Article, this Precaution we think 
necessary. 

[Council to Capt. Geo. P. Keeports] 
Sir We wrote you yesterday by Cap' Boyer and by the same Hand 
transmitted you 60 £ of the new State Bills of Credit for the Purpose 
of procuring the Articles therein mentioned. Since then we have 
purchased a Quantity of Coffee which is to be delivered to M' Thomas 
Donnellan, on whom you will call for one Hogshead of Rum and the 
Quantity of Coffee ordered to be purchased by you these with the 
other articles, as soon as purchased, you will deliver to Capt. Boyer, 
taking his Receipt for them. We request you to send down all the 
Blankets, Cloth and Linen in your Possession, to this Place; by 
applying to M'' Donnellan he will give you Information when there 
will be a convenient Conveyance. 



Friday 22*^ September 1780 September 

Present as on yesterday. Liber C B 

No. 23 
Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Giles p. 197 

Two hundred and fifty Pounds of the new Emission of this State to 

be delivered over to Col° Henry Hollingsworth on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to His Excell^ Thomas Sim Lee 
Esq'' sixty Two Pounds ten shillings of the new Emission of this 
State in lieu of an Order of the 25*^ of July for Two thousand five 
hundred Pounds. 

That the Collector of the Tax for Cecil County pay to Col° Henry 
Hollingsworth Eight thousand Pounds on Account. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. B. Maybury 170 
Rations in flour in part due him from the State. 

[Council to Delegates in Congress] Liber C C 

Gent" We beg Leave to refer you to a Resolve of Congress of the p. is^ 
10* of Sepf 1779 Not having received any Information from the 
Board of War agreeable to that Resolve, of any considerable Ad- 
ditions to the Stock of Cloathing provided by the United States, by 
Importation or otherwise, we are at a Loss to know what \vill be 
expected from us towards cloathing our Troop's. They have gener- 
ally suffered very severely by not being supplied in Time, and we are 
apprehensive the Distance to which they are removed from the pub- 
lic Stores, will encrease their Hardships in that Respect, unless proper 



300 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C Measures are taken in Time, for their Relief. We request you to 
No. 22 peruse and seal the enclosed Letter to the Board of War. Altho' we 
p. i86 have not any regular Information of the Action of the lo*** Ult° 
interesting as it was to this State in Particular, we have no Reason 
to doubt that our gallant Countrymen, are under very distressing 
Circumstances from many Causes, particularly the Loss of their 
Baggage, and we rest assured that the Hoiible Board of War will see 
the Propriety of forwarding an immediate Supply. Unless we have 
some Assistance towards Cloathing the Recruits that are here, we 
shall soon have very few to cloath, as they lessen every Day by 
Desertion. We have Reason to believe that our Troops have, hitherto, 
received but a small Proportion of Continental Cloathing ; To avoid 
a partial Distribution in future or to quiet Discontents and Clamours, 
if this Opinion is not well founded, it appears to us that it would be 
proper and just each State should know what Cloathing and Militai-y 
Stores are annually imported, on Account of the United States. If 
it can, with Propriety be done at this Time we should be glad to know 
what has been imported of those Articles for 12 Months past, at least 
of Cloathing. 

[Council to Board of War] 

Gentlemen The distressing Circumstances the Maryland Troops 
are under, by the Loss of their Baggage on the 16*^ Ult° oblige us 
to call on you for supplies from the Continental Stock of Cloathing ; 
their Sufferings require immediate Relief. We have likewise an 
urgent Demand for Cloathing for about 200 Recruits, who we 
detained for want of Blankets, Cloth & Linen, and we shall have 
Occasion for a further Supply of those Articles for other Recruits 
expected. The Time is now arrived when it is necessary we should 
know what supplies of Cloathing may be expected from the general 
Stock, and to inform you that we fear it will not be in the Power of 
this State to furnish in Time, more than a partial Supply of Hats, 
Shoes, Hose and Shirts. M"" W" Smith lately lent us 200 Shirts, 
which we had bought by your Order. We hope it will Suit you to 
give us an Order on him for them and, if you have any Cloathing 
in Baltimore, we request your Order for what you can Spare. 



p. 187 



[Council to Colo. Henry Hollingsworth] 

Sir We received yours of the 17* & 20*'' and send by M'' Giles 
£250 of the new State Money, amounting at 40 for i, to £10,000. It 
is the general Opinion, this Money will circulate freely and will be 
taken by the Merchants in Baltimore and hope it will answer to 
extricate you from your present Difficulties. Lest there should be 
any Disappointment, by your not being able to pass this Money 
readily, we enclose an Order on the Collector of your County for 
eight thousand Pounds, which you are to account for or return, if you 



of the Council of Maryland. 301 

can make Use of the new Money, this is all we have in our Power Liber C C 
to do. It is our Opinion, if the Horses are good and substantial and '^' " 
fit for the Draft, the Service they were purchased and intended for, 
they ought to be received, anrl the only jjropcr Mode that occurs to 
us to determine it, in Cases where an Objection is made by the Quar- 
termaster to receiving them, is to call on one or two Persons well 
Skilled in Horses to examine them and if he or they should be of 
Opinion they come up to the above Description, you ought to offer 
them to the Quartermaster and insist on his taking them, and, in Case 
of his obstinately refusing, you must put them out to Pasture and 
take Care of them, and send us a Report of what you do in Conse- 
quence of the above Directions. Those adjudged to be unfit for 
Service, by the Persons called in, are also to be pastured and taken 
Care of. 

Saturday 23'' September 1780 September 

Present as on yesterday. Liber C B 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Ann Littell three p. 198 
Pounds two shillings and six Pence of the new Emission of this 
State in lieu of one hundred and twenty five Pounds due her p 
Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut James Bruff of the 6"' 
Regim' seventeen Pounds, sixteen shillings & three Pence of the 
new Emission of this State in lieu of an Order of the 24"^ Aug' last 
for one thousand nine hundred Dollars. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Conrad T. Wederstrandt one thou- 
sand Pounds of the new Emission of this State to be delivered over 
to Charles Blake Commissary of Purchases for Queen Anns County 
to be by him Accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Edmond Moran of the 6* 
Regim' seventeen Pounds, sixteen shillings and three pence of the 
new Emission of this State in lieu of one thousand nine hundred 
Dollars allowed by a Resolve of the General Assembly to enable him 
to bear his Expenses to the Southward. 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said Edmond Moran three 
Pounds in Specie for the Purpose aforesaid 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Harwood Esq*" Continental 
Treasurer or order Eighteen thousand eight hundred and seventy one 
Dollars and seven ninetieths of a Dollar of the new Bills emitted by 
this State in lieu of seven hundred and fifty four thousand eight 
hundred and forty three Dollars and ten ninetieths of a Dollar of 
the Continental Bill of Credit part of the Quota of this State raised 
for the use of the United States 

That the Eastern shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Harwood Esq' 
Cont' Treasurer or order Twenty five thousand nine hundred and 



302 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B thirty three Pounds, sixteen shill^^ and eight Pence part of the Quota 
^^ of this State raised for the use of the U. States. 

That Docf Murray dcHver to Ch' Lansdale out of the State Shop 
2 1 of Cream of Tarter for Ignatius Digges Esq'' 

That M'' Shaw deliver to Com° Barron 12 is Match rope. 

John Eversfield jun"" appointed Inspector of Nottingham Ware 
Ho. in Prince Georges County in the room of Allen Bowie resigned 
and James Stimson app'^ Insp"" of Porters Warehouse in Queen Anns 
County in the room of James Hackett 

Whereas it appears to this Board that Legh Master Esq'" Com- 
mander of the Sloop Experiment on the 22,^^ day of August last 
obtained a safe Conduct or Flag of Truce from His Excellency John 
Maxwell Esq"" Governor and Commander in Chief of the Bahama 
Islands, to carry in the said Sloop Experiment thirty three American 
Prisoners of War, whose names are mentioned in a List annexed 
to the said safe Conduct from the Island of New Providence to 
Baltimore Town in this State and whereas it also appears that the 
said Sloop during her said Voyage suffered such Damage that she 
cannot return, unless Permission is given to the said Legh Master to 
refit. We do therefore hereby Permit the said Legh Master to refit 
the said Vessel and to Purchase three Barrels of Meat & three Bar- 
p. 199 rels of Flour and allow him 14 days for that Purpose and do further 
grant Liberty to the said Legh Master to remain in the Town of 
Baltimore until the Expiration of the Time aforesaid allowed for 
refitting his said Vessel but do enjoin and prohibit the said Master 
from departing the Limits of the said Town until our Leave 

Liber c C [Council to Charles Blake Esqr.] 

No. 22 
p. 187 Sir We send you by M"" Wederstrandt, 1000 £ in new State 

Money, amounting at 40 for I, to 40,000 £ and request to know in 

Time, when you will have Occasion for a further Supply 



September Monday 25*'' September 1780 

Liber c'b Present as on Saturday 

^°'ioo Ordered that the western shore Treasurer pay to Richard Ridgely 
Esq'' Thirty seven Pounds ten shillings of the new Emission of this 
State in lieu of Four thousand Dollars by him lent to the State. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Samuel Chase Esq'' Three hundred 
Pounds of the new Emission of this State to be delivered over to 
John Dorsey & Co. on Ace* 

That the said Treasurer pay to David Poe one thousand Pounds 
of the new Emission aforesaid to be delivered over to Thomas 
Donellan of Balt° on Account. 



of the Council of Maryland. 303 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Minor Twenty nine l.Wjtx C B 
Pounds nineteen shilling's and seven Pence half penny of the said ' ^-^ 
Emission in lieu of eleven hundred anrl ninety eight Pounds two 
shillings and six Pence due him p ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Logan seventeen Pounds, 
ten shill*^* and seven Pence half penny of the said ICmission to l>e 
delivered over to George Williams in lieu of seven hundred and one 
Pounds, five shillings due him -p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to David Poe one hundred and Twenty 
five Pounds of the new Emission aforesaid on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to David Poe Esq"^ Eleven thousand 
and forty five Pounds, nineteen shillings and Eleven Pence and one 
thousand four hundred and forty one Pounds to be paid in the new 
Emission of this State at one for forty due him p Ace'* passed by 
the Aud. Gen' 

That M"" John Shaw deliver to Col° Forrest's order what hand- 
cuffs S:*^^ he may want to confine Deserters. 

Commissions issued to Sam' Smith appointed Col". Thomas 
Yeates Capt. David Stewart i Lieut. Dan' Bowley 2^ Lieut. James 
Calhoun Ens. Philip Grable Capt. John Lorah r L' John M'^Inheimer 
2 Lieut. Henry Speck Ens. Benjamin Griffith Capt. David Harris 
i^' L' Stephen Steward 2^ Lieut. Hercules Courtnay Ens. James 
Young Capt. William Jacob i Lieut. Johnsey Selman 2^ Lieut. & 
Charles Orrick Ens. belonging to the Baltimore Town Battalion of 
Militia in Baltimore County. 

[Council to Messrs. McLellan, Leman & Griest] L'b r C C 

Gent" We have just received Information from M' W" Smith, -^^g^ 
that you have not restored to him any Part of the French Flour 
seized by you in Baltimore last Winter, under the Act for the imme- 
diate Supply &" We expected that Flour had been returned long 
ago, pursuant to our Order ; if it is not, you must deliver it imme- 
diately to M"" Smith and inform us of the Reasons which have 
induced you to delay it so long. 

[Council to William Smith Esq""] p. 188 

Sir Your Letter of the 23^ Ins' we received & are much sur- 
prised the Comm" of Baltimore Town have not returned the French 
Flour that was seized in your Possession last Winter, as they have 
long since had our Order for that Purpose. We have wrote to the 
Comm" directing them to deliver the Flour immediately and to 
inform us of the Cause of so long Delay. There is no great Proba- 
bility we shall have it in our Power to supply you with the Flour 
required by M" Holker within the Time mentioned in your Letter, 



304 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C besides what the Army will want and therefore do permit you to 
^°- ^^ purchase such a Quantity of Flour, for the Use of the French as, 
with what you now have on Hand and have Shipped off, will amount 
to fifteen thousand Barrels. 

[Council to Wm. Winder, Jno. Adams & Others Commrs of the 
Tax for Somerset County] 

Gent" We have not received your Nomination of the Inspectors in 
Somerset County, agreeable to Act of Assembly for the Regulation 
of the Staple of Tobacco, which we request you to forward to us by 
the first good Opportunity. We again enclosed you an Extract of the 
Law 

[Council to Mr. Thomas Donellan] 

Sir We send by M" Poe 1000 f of the new State Emission amount- 
ing, at 40 for I, to 40,000 £ charged to you on Account, until you can 
settle your Accounts 

[Council to Colo. Benjamin Nicholson] 

Sir We received of the s'*" of Aug* & 23*^ Ins* and should have 
made out and sent Commissions for the Officers of your Battalion, 
agreeable to your Recommendation. The Multiplicity of Business 
before us and the Want of Information how the Vacancies mentioned 
in the List herewith transmitted arose, are the only Causes of our 
Delaying it so long. We have enclosed you all the Commissions that 
can be made out, at this Time, and shall send the rest as soon as the 
above Information is communicated 

September Tuesday 26* September 1780 

26 
Liber C B Present as on yesterday. 

^°- 23 Capt. Abraham Simmons appointed Inspector of Pig Point Ware- 
^" ^^ house in Ann Arundel County in the room of John Gardiner resigned 
Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Gold- 
smith Eight hundred pounds part of an Order of the 6* Instant in 
the new Emission of this State at one for forty & the remaining 
Bal''^ of same order Two thousand, three hundred & eighty seven 
Pounds, ten shillings in Cont' Currency, 
p. 200 Permission is hereby given to Mrs. Damaris Kennedy of this State 
to solicit Leave from His Excellency Gen' Washington or the Com- 
manding Officer at the out Posts of the Am. Army at Elizabeth 
Town to go into the City of New York for the Purpose of obtaining 
a Passage from thence to Great Britain not to return again into 
this State during the present war between America and Great Britain 
without the Leave of the Gov*" & Co. for the Time being first had & 
obt*^ 



of the Council of Maryland. 305 

Ordered That M' John Shaw dehver to Capt. Kol/ iJerry 10*' LiFxrr C B 
Oakum for the Plater ^'^- 23 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Rob' Davis Eleven pounds 
five shiHinfjs of the new Emission of this State in lieu of an Order 
of the 9"* Inst, for four hundred & fifty Pounds 

That the said Treasurer pay to Abraham Gorman thirty six 
Pounds, seven shillini^s and six Pence of the said new Emission in 
lieu of one thousand four hundred & fifty five Pounds. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Muir Esq'' one thousand 
Pounds of the said new Emission to be expended in Clothing S:*^* 
for the Maryland Officers in the Cont' Service and also the further 
sum of one thousand five hundred Pounds of the said new Emission 
on Account. 

The Appointment of Donaldson Yeates Esq'' Dep^ Quarter Mast' 
G' for this State by Tim. Pickering Esq*" Q'' Masf Gen' approved 
and ratified. 

[Council to James Calhoun Esqr] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We only received yours of the 15'" Ins' this Mornmg. You p. 189 

will supply M'' Donellan with Meat sufficient to issue at his Post. We 

yesterday sent him a Sum of Money, if he should have Occasion for a 

further Supply, it will be sent him. This will save you some Trouble 

and be more regular. We depend on your Judgment in conducting 

the Business you have on Hand, in the Manner you think most likely 

to conduce to the public Good 

[Council to Donaldson Yeates, Esqr.] 

Sir Your Appointment as Deputy Quarter master for this State 
has been notified to us by Timothy Pickering Esq*" Quartermaster 
General and we do approve of and ratify the same 

[Council to Timothy Pickering Esqr] 

Sir We received your Letter of the 22*^ Aug' notifying the Ap- 
pointment of Donaldson Yeates Esq"" Deputy Quartermaster for 
this State. M'' Yeates we understand, is a Gentleman of Probity 
and Industry & virorthy of the Confidence you have reposed in him ; 
We do therefore approve of and ratify the said Appointment. 



Wednesday 2y^ September 1780 September 

Present as on yesterday. Uber C B 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson ^°o^^ 
Jun' Twenty five Pounds ten shillings of the new Emission of this 
State in lieu of one thousand and Twenty Pounds due him -p Ac- 
count passed by the Aud. Gen' 



3o6 Jo2irnal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Frederick Green Two hundred 

^^ and eleven Pounds, six shillings and five Pence of the said New 

Emission in lieu of eight thousand four hundred and fifty two 

Pounds, seventeen shillings and six Pence part of an Order drawn in 

his favor 12*'' July last. 



September Thursday 28* September 1780 

Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Joseph Middle- 
ton Thirty three Pounds fifteen shillings of the new Emission of this 
State in lieu of one thousand three hundred and Fifty Pounds due 
him p Ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John H. Maccubbin Fifty Pounds 
twelve shillings and six Pence of the said new Emission in lieu of 
Two thousand and Twenty five Pounds due him -p Ace' passed by the 
Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Robert Berry Twenty one 
pounds nine shillings and ten Pence of the said new Emission in lieu 
of eight hundred and fifty nine Pounds fifteen shillings due him p 
ace* passed by the Dep'^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Pat Burke one hundred and Eighty 
three Pounds, five shillings & nine pence of the new Emission in 
lieu of seven thousand three hundred & thirty one Pounds, twelve 
shillings & six Pence due him for riding Express from the 27* of 
June last to the 19* Inst. Sept. according to an Agreement with this 
Board and agreeable to a Requisition of Congress 

That the said Treasurer pay to Alice Redman one hundred Pounds 
p Ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 
p. 201 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Mary Fennell 
one hundred Pounds due her p Ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Maj'' Edward Giles five pounds two 
shillings and four pence of the new Emission of this State in lieu of 
Two hundred & four Pounds fifteen shillings due him p Ace' passed 
by the Aud. Gen' and also seventy five Pounds of the said new 
Emision in lieu of three thousand Pounds to be delivered over to 
Jonathan Hudson on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq'' Twelve Pounds, 
ten shillings of the new Emission on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Swan sixteen Pounds thir- 
teen shillings and four Pence of the new Emission in lieu of six hun- 
dred and sixty six Pounds, thirteen shillings and four pence due 
him p ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 



of the Council of Maryland. 307 

That the Collector of the Tax for Washin^on County pay to Libcr C B 
Samuel Hughes one thousand Eight hundred Pounds. ' "■ ^^ 

That the issuing Commissary deliver to Mary McCormick a sol- 
diers wife of the late Capt. Gales Comp^ of Artillery one ration per 
Day until further orders or on the meeting of Ann Arundel County. 

[Council to Colo. Sam'l Smith] LiUr C C 

L No 22 

Sir It will be proper to State an Account of the Wheat and Flour p. i^> 
belonging to the Commonwealth of Virginia, which was seized by 
the Commissioners under the Act for A Supply &" The exact Quan- 
tity may be ascertained on returning the Certificates given by the 
Comm" and proving the Wheat mentioned in your Return of the 
29*^ May, to have been seized by them and paid for by you. This 
being done, we shall readily agree that what appears to belong to 
Virginia, shall be carried to her Credit, as Part of the Specific Sup- 
plies for the current Year 

[Council to the Commissaries of Purchases in the several Counties] 
Sir We have just received a Letter from the President of Con- 
gress dated the 23*^ Ins* enclosing their Recommendation to this State, 
to send immediately to the main Army, five hundred Head of neat 
Cattle, over and above the Quantity required of us by the Resolution 
of the 25'^ of February last. We are informed that the Distress of 
Army for want of Meat is so pressing that it is absolutely necessary p. 190 
to procure and send forward to the Head of Elk immediately, the 
above Number of Cattle, and to enable you to do it with Expedition, 
have sent of the new Bills. In making your Purchases, you are to 
consider one new Dollar equal to 40 Continental, and do earnestly 
entreat you to exert yourself on this trying Emergency and to for- 
ward what Cattle you can obtain with the greatest Dispatch. 

P. S. We request you to inform us of the Number of Cattle you 
have already forwarded, have on Hand, and can procure within 14 
Days after the Receipt of this. 



Friday 29*'' September 1780 September 

29 

Present as on yesterday. Liber C B 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Adam Miller p,^"i^ 
four Pounds nineteen shillings of the new Emission of this State in 
lieu of one hundred & ninety eight Pounds due "p ace* passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Rawlings Eleven pounds 
one shilling and three pence of the new Emission in lieu of an Order 
of the 24"" of August for four hundred and forty two Pounds ten 
Shillings. 



3o8 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to the said William Rawlings, three 
^°" ^■^ pounds fifteen shillings of the new Emission in lieu of an order of the 
1 1 Sept. for one hundred & fifty Pounds 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq"" Twelve Pounds, 
ten shillings of the new Emission on Ace' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut James Bruff seventeen 
Pounds, four shillings and four Pence of the new Emission in lieu 
of five hundred & eighty eight Pounds fifteen shillings due him p 
Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Charles Lansdale one thousand 
Pounds of the new Emission to be delivered over to Dan' Jenifer 
Com''^ for Ch^ County on Ace* 

Liber C C [Council to Board of War] 

p°i90 Gent" By a late Letter from his Ex^ General Washington, it 
appears that Col° Price has resigned his Commission ; We therefore 
ratify and confirm the Promotion of Lieu* Col° Benj^ Ford as Lieu* 
Col° Commandant of the 2^ Regiment and request his Commission 
may be dated the 31^' of April 1780, the Day on which his Ex^ in- 
forms us Col° Price's Resignation was made. Some of the Gentle- 
men appointed Officers by our Letter of the 29**^ of May, being made 
Prisoners in the Action of the 16*^^ of last Month, we are anxious to 
know whether the Commissions issued from your Board agreeably to 
our Request. 

[Council to Colo Richd Barnes] 

Sir We received yours of the 20*'^ Ins* and request you to have all 
the public Arms in S' Mary's which are unfit for Service, sold to 
the best Advantage, to the People in your County. We shall have 
Occasion to send the State Boats down and shall, by that Oppor- 
tunity, send you some Arms from the State Armory 



September Saturday 30*'' September 1780 

30 
Liber C B Present as on yesterday 

^°2oi Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Margaret 
Chatting four Pounds eleven shillings & three Pence of the new 
Emission in lieu of one hundred and Eighty two Pounds, ten shil- 
lings due her p Ace* passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn thirty three Pounds 
& nine Pence of the new Emission in lieu of one thousand three hun- 
dred & twenty one Pounds twelve shillings due p Ace* passed by 
the D. Aud. 
p. 202 Ordered That Docf Murray deliver to Governor Lee out of the 
State Shop y^ Is Rhubard 



of the Council of Maryland. 309 

'Jhat the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. William Middle- Li»jer C B 
ton Twelve Pounds, ten Shillinf^s of the new iCmission of this State ' ^- ^^ 
on Account. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. William Middletoii 
Twelve Pounds, ten Shillings of the new Emission of this State on 
Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col" U. l-'orrest Aud. Gen' two 
thousand six hundred and four Pounds, three shillings and four 
Pence due him for 25^ Months Salary to i°* Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said U. Forrest five hundred 
Pounds of the new Emission to be delivered over to Capt. Joseph 
Ford Commissary for S' Marys County on Account 

By his Excellency Thomas Sim Lee Esq*" Gov" of Maryland. 
A Proclamation 

Whereas full Power and Authority is given to me by and with the 
Advice of the Council to continue the Act entitled An Act to prohibit 
for a limited Time the exportation " of Wheat, Flour, Rye, Indian 
Corn, Rice, Bread, Beef, Pork, Bacon Live stock. Peas, Beans Oats 
and other victual, and for other Purposes " from and after the tenth 
day of this Instant until the end of the next Session of the General 
Assembly and to issue my Proclamation accordingly ; Provided the 
Embargo be continued in the States of Pennsylvania and Delaware 
so that the Trade of Delaware Bay be not open for the Emolument 
of the People residing on the waters or in the Vicinity thereof and 
it appearing that the Embargo hath been Continued in the State of 
Pennsylvania until the thirtieth Day of this Month and in the State 
of Delaware until the Twentieth Day of October next, and Whereas 
by my Proclamation issued on the 9* Inst by and with the advice of 
the Council the said Act to prohibit &'^^ &'^ was continued until this 
Day and having good Grounds to believe that the Embargo in the 
States of Pennsylvania hath been continued in force. I do there- 
fore by and with the advice of the Council hereby continue the said 
Act until the end of the next Session of the General Assembly. 

Given at Annapolis this 30* Day of September Anno Domini 1780 
By his Exc^^ Command T. Johnson J'' Sec"^ T. S. Lee 

[Council to Mr. Robert Adam] October i 

Liber C C 
Sir We enclose you a Letter from M*" Conway, with whom we ■^'°' ^ 
have agreed for all the Articles mentioned underneath, imported in 
the Alex"" not disposed of when you receive this, Please to deliver 
them to Col° Fitzgerrald or M"" Rich*^ Contee. packed in Bales & 
Boxes, with a Bill of Parcels, who will give a Receipt for them on 
Account of the State 



3IO Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C Fine white Cloth, Shoes, Russia Sheeting, Drilling, Coarse blue & 
No- ^^ Red Cloth, Blanketts, Oznabrigs, white Sheeting. 

p- 191 [Council to Colo Fitzgerald or Mr. Rich'd Contee] 

Sir. Enclosed is a Letter for M"" Robert Adam which we request 
the Favor of you to deliver & that you will receive the Goods men- 
tioned therein & send them over to M*" Rozer, immediately. Our 
Motive for desiring this will immediately occur to you, please to 
desire him to receive them and keep them in his Dwelling House, 
until we can conveniently send for them, enclose the Bill of Parcels 
by the Bearer. We would make an Apology for giving you this 
Trouble but flatter ourselves it is not necessary as this Business is of a 
public Nature and the immediate Object of it, cloathing our Army 
Southward 

October 2 Monday 2^ October 1780 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on Saturday, 
p. 202 

Commission issued to Edward Vondome appointed Sheriff of 

Worcester County in the room of John Selby dead and in conse- 
quence of the refusal of Jesse Bennett 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Robert Reith 
Messenger to the Governor and Council one hundred and twenty five 
Pounds I Mo. Salary to the i^' Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Ryan three hundred and 
twenty one Pounds, seven shillings and six Pence of the new Emis- 
sion of this State in lieu of Twelve thousand eight hundred and fifty 
five Pounds to be delivered over to Russell and Ryan for 14 pieces 
of Irish Linen purchased for the use of the Maryland Officers by 
John Randall p his order in their favor of the ly^^ May last. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Ryan Twenty five Pounds 
of the new Emission in lieu of one thousand Pounds lent by him to 
the Continent 

That the said Treasurer pay to His Ex'^y Tho^ S. Lee Esq"" five 
hundred Pounds of the new Emission to be deliv*^ over to Col° 
Thomas Price Com^ for Fred. County on Account 
p. 203 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Ignatius 
Wheeler Contractor for Horses in Harford County four hundred 
and six Pounds ten shillings of the new Emission of this State in lieu 
of sixteen thousand, two hundred and sixty and also Fifty six 
Pounds, five shillings of the same Emission to be by him accounted 
for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Daniel Carroll Esq"" Twenty five 
Pounds of the new Emission in lieu of an order of the 14''' July last. 



of the Council of Maryland. 3 1 1 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Gassaway Dep^ Aud' Liber C B 
Fifteen Pounds twelve shillings and six Pence of the new Emission ^*^- ^^ 
in lieu of six hundred and twenty five Pounds for i Month Salary 
to the I*' Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Tootell one hundred and 
forty three Pounds & three pence of the new Emission in lieu of five 
thousand seven hundred and Twenty Pounds, twelve shillings and 
six pence to be delivered over to Hughes and Williamson for 7 
pieces of Linen purchased for the Officers of the Maryland Line 
by J. Randall p his order of the 16 May last 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° James Tootell one thousand 
nine hundred and Eleven Pounds, three shillings and nine pence of 
the new Emission to be delivered over to Ridley and Pringle on 
Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Crisall, Eighteen Pounds, 
twelve shillings and five pence half penny of the new Emission on 
Account and also the further Sum of one thousand one hundred and 
fifty Pounds on Account. 

[Council to Colo. Joseph Dashiell] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir We received yours of the 29*'' Ult° and shall order the State p- 191 
Boats to proceed down with all possible Dispatch, likewise a Barge 
and whale Boat, if we can Man them. Our Boats returned lately 
from below. Commodore Baron having left this about a Week past, 
with an Intent to cruise about the Sound and Island, we hoped you 
would at least for some Time, have been free from the Enemy's 
Depredations. If Information is made to any Magistrate, sufficient 
to induce him to apprehend any Persons who may have given Assis- 
tance to the Enemy we request you to send them up under Guard, 
with the Affidavits and Papers which may found the Ground-work 
for apprehending them, and if any Information can be given us of 
any persons, whose going at large may be dangerous to the Govern- 
ment, we will take the necessary Steps to secure them. We hope no 
Man will be so lost to the Reputation and Interest of his Country, 
on this Occasion, as to Suffer the Enemy to insult us with Im- 
punity. 

Tuesday 3"^ October 1780 October 3 

Liber C B 
Present as on yesterday. No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Col° James 
Murray Two hundred Pounds of the new Emission of this State 
to be delivered over to John C. Harrison Com"^' of Purchases for 
Dorchester County to be by him Accounted. 



p. 203 



312 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to James Brice Esq"" Thirty seven 
No. 23 pQUj^fjg |.gj^ shillings of the new Emission Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John H. Stone Esq*" Thirty seven 
Pounds ten shillings of the new Emission on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Dunnock five Dollars of 
the new Emission in lieu of seventy five Pounds due him p Ace* 
passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to His Exc^ Thomas Sim Lee Esq'' 
forty three Pounds fifteen shillings of the new Emission in lieu of 
one thousand seven hundred and fifty Pounds Bal" of an Order of 
the 25 July last. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Murray Esq*" seventy five 
Pounds of the new Emission in lieu of three thousand Pounds due 
him as Judge of the Court of Appeals from May 1779 to 5'*^ of Oc- 
tober 1780. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Benjamin Rumsey Esq"" Judge of 
the Court of Appeals sixty nine Pounds Twelve shillings and four 
Pence of the new Emission in lieu of Two thousand, seven hundred 
and Eighty four Pounds, fourteen shillings and six Pence from the 
5*^ of October 1779 to the i^* of October 1780. 

Liber C C [Council to the Comrs. of the Tax for Dorchester County] 

p. 191 Gent" Willis Newton having, by his Letter of the 27* Aug* 
declined acting as Inspector at Henry Ennalls's Warehouse in Dor- 
chester County, and Joseph Ennalls sent a Resignation of his appoint- 
ment as Inspector at the said Warehouse ; we request you therefore 
to proceed to an Election of Inspectors for that Warehouse, agree- 
able to the Act of Assembly for the Regulation of the Staple of 
Tobacco 

October 4 Wednesday 4* October 1780 

Liber C B ^ 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday 

p-204 Ordered That the issuing Commissary deliver to John 

a french Boy, retaken and brought here in the Dolphin and now sick, 

3 Days rations. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Richard Waters 
of the i^* Reg* white Cloth & Trimmings suff* for a Waistcoat & 
Breeches & Linen for 2 Shirts on Account. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt Richard Waters 
of the i^* Regim* thirty Dollars of the new Emission of this State 
due him on Ace* of Stores to be Acc*^ for 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Bennett five hundred Pounds 
of the new Emission to e delivered over to Henry Jackson Com^ of 
Somerset County on Ace* 



of the Council of Maryland. 313 

[Council to Joseph Dashiell Esq^] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir We received yours by M*" Bennett and shall endeavor to send P- 192 
down the State Boats, a Barp^e & Whale Boat, in a few Days, but as 
they cannot be fully Manned here, we depend on the Spirit of the 
Inhabitants in your County, to assist in doing that Service, if it 
should be found necessary. We are sorry to hear from you that the 
the new Money will not fully answer your Purposes.; it has already 
got considerably into Circulation, many Merchants in this Place and 
Baltimore receive it for Good and we still hope you will be able to 
transact your Business with it ; we have no other Means than what 
we have already supplied you with. When the Boats go down, we 
shall send you what military Stores we can spare and write you more 
fully. Cap* Waters has Directions about the Deserters and we 
request you to afford him any Assistance he may have Occasion 
for, in sending them up. 

[Council to George Dashiell Esqr.] 

Sir We received yours by M'' Bennett. Your ace' for Freight 
must be passed by the Auditor before an Order can go from this 
Board for Payment. The General Assembly only, can determine 
what shall be done in Consequence of the Loss of your Vessel. At 
the same Time we are sorry you was under the Necessity of calling 
out the Militia yet we approve of doing it and if the Enemy still con- 
tinue in your Parts, we request you to keep a Sufficient Number em- 
bodied to repel them & prevent their ravaging. We intend to send 
down in a few Days, our State Boats, a Barge & Whale Boat, but 
we must, in a great Measure depend on the Spirit of the Inhabitants 
on the Waters to Man them, and we apprehend a Part of the Militia 
may be most effectually employed in that way. We shall send by the 
Boats such of the Articles you desire, as can be spared. Cap' Waters 
has offered to take Command of any Party and we wish he may be 
employed 



Thursday 5'^ October 1780 October 

Liber C 
Present as on yesterday. No. 23 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. William 
Beatty 6 Coats and 30 Vests for the use of a Party of Men belonging 
to the Maryland Division 

That the said Commissary Deliver to Lieut of the Artillery and 
L' Henry Baldwin of the 3^^ Reg' each Cloth & Trimings for a Suit 
of Cloaths & Linen for 2 Shirts on Ace' 

That the said Commissary deliver to Col° Alexander L. Smith & 
Capt. Charles Smith of the Reg' Extra Cloth & Trimmings suflf' for 



p. 204 



314 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B a Suit of Cloaths & Linen for 2 Shirts and also to Maj"^ Edward 
No. 23 Qiies of the said Regim* Cloth & Trimmings suff* for a waist coat & 
Breeches. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Lieut Rawlings of the 
Artillery Twenty Dollars of the new Emission of this State on Ace' 
of Stores due him to be accounted for 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Guibert late a Soldier 
in the 2^ Maryland Regim' six and a quarter Dollars of the new 
Emission in lieu of 250 Dollars due him as Bounty p ace' passed by 
the Dep^ Aud. 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to John Trap on board the 
Dolphin six Days Provisions. 

Liber c C [Council to the Purchasers of Horses, & Waggons &ca. in the 
^°j^2 several Counties] 

Sir We request you to furnish us with a full Return of all the 
Horses Sl"^^ procured by you for public Use as soon as possible if no 
other Opportunity offers, by the Members of the Assembly from your 
County ; as it will be necessary to lay these Returns before the Gen- 
eral Assembly, you will not fail to transmit them to us. 

p. 193 [Council to Horatio Gates] 

Sir Yours of the 5'*" Ult° we received, which was the first Intima- 
tion given us, relative to our Supplying the Army in the Southern 
Department and therefore had not made a Provision for the Pay- 
ment of such large Sums of Money as your two Draughts to Col° 
Polk and Joseph Clay Esq*" which have been presented to us for 
Payment, and we are really distressed that we were under the 
disagreeable Necessity of declining the Payment, for want of Money. 
We expect a considerable Sum of Money will be paid over to the 
Treasury, in this Month, and shall do every Thing in our Power to 
have so much paid over to the Continental Treasurer, as will answer 
these Draughts which ought to have been drawn on him. As we are 
at all Times anxious to be informed of the Fate of our virtuous 
Countrymen, we shall thank you to transmit us a Return of the 
Maryland Troops by the earliest Opportunity, and every other 
Matter relatinsf to them 



October 6 Friday 6'^ October 1780 

Liber C B Present as on yesterday 

No. 2'^ 

p. 204 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Woolman Gib- 
son six hundred pounds of the new Emission of this State to be 
delivered over to James Hindman Commissary for Talbot County to 
be by him Accounted for. 



of the Council of Maryland. 315 

I'hat the said Treasurer pay to Jonatlian Parker Two hundred Lifter C C 
Pounds of the new Emission to be dchvererl over to Barach Wil- °- " 

Hams Commissary for Cecil County on Account two hundred Pounds 
of the same Emission to be delivered over to John Voorhees Com'' for 
Kent on Ace' and Two hundred Pounds of the Same Emission to 
be deHvered over to Nathaniel Potter Commissary for Caroline 
County on account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Wilmot Two hundred Pounds 
of the New Emission to be delivered over to Rich** Dallam Com'y for 
Harford County on Ace' 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said John Wilmot four Pounds 
ten shillings of the new Emission on Ace' 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker 
five Pounds twelve shillings and six Pence of the new Emission of 
this State on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Rezin Davis of the late Raw- 
lings's Regim' three Pounds fifteen shillings of the new emission 
in lieu of one hundred and fifty Pounds the Gratuity allowed the 
Maryland Officers in the Cont' Service by a Resolution of the Gen^ 
Assembly passed the 11 Decem"" 1778 and also Eighteen Pounds 
fifteen shillings of the new Emission in lieu of seven hundred and 
fifty Pounds allowed insf* of Articles for the year 1779 by the Act 
relating to the Officers and Soldiers &*^^ 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Muir seven thousand Dollars 
on Account 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Rezin Davis of 
the late Rawlings's Reg. Cloth & Trimings sufT' for a Suit of Cloaths, 
Linen for 2 Shirts and 2 pair Stockings in part of the Articles allowed 
by the Gen' Assembly. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Capt. Lloyd Beall, L' Rob' 
Denny of the 7^ Reg' Capt. Spurrier of the 4 Reg' Capt L' Jn° Jere, 
Jacob, L' George Jacob of the 6"" Reg. Ensigns John Lowe. Jacob 
Crawford & John Sears of the 2^ Reg' each Cloth and Trimmings 
sufp for a Suit of Cloaths & Linen for 2 Shirts on Account. 

Charles Jordan appointed Inspector of Wicommoco Warehouse 
in the room of Gerard Bond resigned 

By his Excellency Tho^ Sim Lee Esq'' Governor of I\Iar\'land. 

A Proclamation 

Whereas the Senate adjourned to the first Monday in November 
next & the House of Delegates to the third Monday in Sepf last 
past and Subjects of the greatest Consequence requiring the imme- 
diate attention and deliberation of the General Assembly; I have 
therefore thought it expedient that the General Assemblv of this 



3i6 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B State should meet on Tuesday the seventh day of October Instant 
^•^^ and do therefore in Virtue of the Power with which I am invested 
by the Constitution and form of Government Hereby appoint the said 
seventeeth Day of the Current Month for the Holding the General 
Assembly of which the several Sheriffs of this State are hereby 
enjoined to give Public and due Notice. Given at Annapolis this 
sixth Day of Ocf in the year one thousand seven hundred & Eighty 
By his Exc^^ Command. T. Johnson J"" Sec''^ Tho^ S. Lee 

Liber C C 

No. 22 

p. 193 [Council to the Commissaries of the Several Counties] 

Sir We request you to send us a complete Return of the Pro- 
visions you have purchased and obtained and in what Manner, since 
your appointment as Commissary, and hope this will not be delayed, 
at farthest, beyond the ly^^ Ins' when some Member of the General 
Assembly may afiford you a favorable Opportunity. 

[Council to Colo James Hindman] 

Sir Yours of the 7"^ Ult° we have this Day received and have sent 
you by M"" Gibson £600 of the late Emission of this State, Consider- 
ing the Situation of the Collection of the Tobacco Tax, in your 
County, we think it unnecessary to send you an Order on the Sheriff 
at this Time ; but as soon as you can give us Information that the 
Sheriff has received a sufficient Quantity of Tobacco to pay the 
Order you now have, and has Tobacco remaining in his Hands, we 
shall then transmit you an order for any Quantity that may be neces- 
sary to complete your Purchases. We wish you to forward the 
Cattle with as much Expedition as possible, to the Head of Elk. We 
think the best Mode for getting the Wheat manufactured would be, 
to agree with the Millers to grind it for a fixed Price in Money, and 
to deliver you all the Flour, Shorts, Bran Sz^^ The Wheat, if 
delivered to any Person before it is manufactured, ought to be deliv- 
ered to Col° Hollingsworth at the Head of Elk, We are sorry to 
be informed of the Rise of Wheat in your County & still hope you 
will be able to purchase at our Limitation, but if it cannot possibly 
be accomplished, we must agree to your giving the enormous Price 
which wheat has risen to in your County. As we shall want Flour, 
you will have your Purchase sent to this Place by the first safe 
Conveyance 

Liber C C [Council to the Lieuts who had not made their Returns of Militia] 
p. 194 Sir Not having received a Return of the Militia in your County 
agreeable to the Directions of the Act of Assembly for a new and 
speedy Enrollment of the Militia, we request you to send it by the 
first good Opportunity: If none offers before the Meeting of the 
Assembly on the 17"^ Ins* we hope you will send it by some Member 



of the Council of Maryland. 317 

who will attend in the Beginning of the Session. It is likewise proper Liber C C 



No. 



we should have it in our Power to lay before the General Assembly 
the fullest Information of what has been done in Consequence of the 
Acts for procuring Recruits &" for which Purf>ose it will be neces- 
sary to have complete Returns of the Recruits obtained in your 
County, and to know how much of the 15 p Cent has been received 
and what Part has been applied in obtaining Provision, agreeably 
to our Directions 

[Council to the Lieuts who made their Returns of Militia] 

Sir It is proper we should have it in our Power to lay before the 
Gen' Assembly, the fullest Information of what has been done in 
Consequence of the Acts for procuring Recruits S:*^* for which Pur- 
pose it will be necessary to have complete Returns of the Recruits 
obtained in your County, and to know how much of the 15 p Cent 
has been received and what Part has been applied in obtaining Provi- 
sion agreeably to our Directions 

[Council to Delegates in Congress] 

Sir We request you to inform us whether the Act prohibiting 
the Exportation of Provision from the Commonwealth of Pennsyl- 
vania, is continued and that you will favor us with a Copy of the 
Law for that Purpose, if any such has passed. 

[Council to Mr Hughes, Commy of Prisoners at Balto.] 

Sir The Restoration Privateer has released Cap' Gorman and 
another Inhabitant of this State on Parole, who are to be exchanged 
for John Cheese and John James, who we have sent to you and 
request you to have them put on Board the Vessel commanded by 
Legh Master, now lying in the Harbour of Baltimore and bound 
to new Providence 



Saturday 7^^ October 1780 October 7 

- ' ^ Liber C B 

Present a son yesterday ^^°- ^3 

. . . P- 205 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Maj*" Dean 

and Lieut. Hamilton of the 4*^ Reg* Cloth & Trimmings sufT' for a 

Suit of Cloaths & Linen for 2 Shirts on Ace* 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Paul Sherman four 
Pounds ten shillings of the new Emission in lieu of one hundred 
and Eighty Pounds due him p Ace* passed by D. A. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. John Lowe of 2^ Reg' one 
pound nine shillings and three pence of the new Emission in lieu 



3i8 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B of Fifty eight Pounds, ten shillings due him p ace* passed by the 
^°- 23 Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to L' Isaac Rawlings of the M"^ 
Artillery, two Pounds fifteen shill^^ of the new Emission in lieu 
of one hundred & ten Pounds p Ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 
p. 206 Commission issued to William Lyles appointed Lieut. Col° of the 
Lower Battalion of Militia in Prince Georges County in the room 
of Truman Skinner deceased. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer Discharge such part 
of the Certificates given in Virtue of the " Act for the immediate 
Supply &'^'' " as is directed to be paid by the " Act for the Payment 
of certain Certificates " in Bills of the new Emission at the rate of 
one Dollar for forty, of the Continental Bills. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Carlile sixty two 
Pounds ten shillings of the new Emission to be delivered to Capt. 
George Keeports on Account. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut John Chever of 
the Maryl"^ Artillery Cloth for i Coat on Account, to M"'^ Lynch for 
the use of Capt. John Lynch of the 5 Reg* Cloth & Trimmings for 
a Suit of Cloaths & Linen for 2 Shirts on Account. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Capt. John Carlile of Col° 
Hazens Regim* Cloth and Trimmgs suff* for 4 Suits of Cloaths & 
Linen for 16 Shirts, I Suit of Cloaths and 4 shirts to be by him 
retained and the other 3 Suits & 12 Shirts to be delivered over to 
Capt^ Michael Gilbert & John Hughes & Lieut Joseph Lewis of the 
said Regim* each i Suit of Cloaths & 4 Shirts allowed by the General 
Assembly. 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to the said Capt Carlile 115 
Gall* Rum & 216 is Coffee for the use of the Maryland Officers & 
Soldiers in Col° Hazen's Regim* and to be by him Accounted for. 

Capt. John Carlile of Col° Hazen's Regim* is hereby appointed 
to issue the Articles allowed to the Officers and Soldiers of the Mary- 
land part of the said Regim* agreeable to the Act of Assembly in 
such Case made & Provided 

Leonard Warring appointed Inspector of Nottingham Warehouse 
in Prince Georges County in the room of John Eversfield j"" who 
has resigned. 

Liber C C [Council to Capt Geo P. Keeports] 

p. 195 Sir You will be pleased to present the enclosed Order on M"" 
Smith and receive from him the Linen he will deliver in Virtue 
thereof. The 200 Shirts we have already received, therefore you may 
give a Receipt for them on the Back of the Order. 



of the Council of Maryland. 319 

[Council to Capt. Geo. P. Keeports] Liber C 

Sir We have transmitted you by Cap' Carlile 62..10..0 of the 
new Emission of this State with which we request you to purchase 
the several Articles enumerated below, and deliver them to Cap' 
Carlile, You will not give a higher Price in this Money, than in 
Continental Dollars, calculating one of these Dollars to be equal 
to forty. 

384" brown Sugar, 6" Bohea Tea, 48" Soap, 48" Tobacco manufac- 
tured for Officers & 100*^ common Tob° for Soldiers. 

[Council to Colo. Fitzgerald] 

Sir We return you Thanks for yours of the 3** Ins' and the 
Trouble you have been at, in receiving the Goods of Capt. Conway 
and request you will likewise secure, an ace' of the State, the 18 or 
20 p' of Raven's Duck, which you recommend, also the coarse Hose 
& Castile Soap. We are more in want of the Blankets than any of 
the other Articles and if the 4 Waggons we send, cannot bring all the 
Goods, we desire the Blankets may not be omitted. 



Monday g'^ October 1780 October 9 

•^ -^ ^ Liber C B 

Present as on Saturday. No. 23 

... p. 206 
Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Brigadier Gen' 

Gist, Major Alex"" Roxburgh of the 7 Regim' Capt. John Gale, Capt 
John Gassaway of the 2^ Regim' each Cloth & Trimings suflf' for a 
Suit of Cloaths & Linen for 2 Shirts on ace' and also to Capt. Gassa- 
way for the use of Ens Henry Gassaway of the 2^ Reg' Linen for 
2 Shirts on Account. 

That the said Commissary deliver to William Goldsmith 5 fs shoe 
thread to be ref^ 

That the said Commissary deliver to Ens. Jacob Gray of the Reg' 
Extra Cloth & Trimings for a Suit of Cloaths and Linen for 2 
Shirts. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Rob' Denny Paym'' & Clo- 
thier to the 7'^ Regim' 10 Coats, 6 vests, 21 pair Overalls 21 p'' 
Shoes, 21 Hatts & 22 Shirts to be deliv*^ to the Soldiers of the Mary- 
land Line & to be by him accounted for to the Com^ aforesaid 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Maj. Alex*" Roxburgh 
of the 7''' Reg'' forty Dollars of the new Emission to be accounted 
for on Ace' of Stores. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Gale of the 2^ Regim' 
forty DolP of the new Emission on Ace' of Stores to be accounted 
for. 



320 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Benj^ Mackall Esq*" Lieut of Calvert County resigns his Com- 
°' ^^ mission. 

p. 207 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Bullen 
Esq'' Quarter Master Thirty Pounds eighteen shillings and nine 
pence of the new Emission of this State on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Boyle Twelve thousand two 
. hundred and fifty Pounds the Money lent to the State by him. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Gassaway of the 2^ 
Regim' thirty Dollars of the new Emission on Account of Stores to 
be accounted for. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Crisall Twenty five Pounds 
of the new Emission on Ace* 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut John Chever six Pounds one 
shilling and ten pence of the new Emission in lieu of Two hundred 
and forty three Pounds, fifteen shillings due him -p Account passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Maj'" Dean on the 4* Reg' thirty 
Dollars of the New emission to be accounted for on Ace* of Stores. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John J. Jacob four Pounds 
four shillings & four Pence of the new Emission in lieu of one hun- 
dred & sixty nine Pounds, seventeen shillings & six Pence due him p 
Ace* passed by the Aud. G" 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Lloyd Beall Eight Pounds 
seventeen shillings of the new Emission in lieu of three hundred & 
fifty four Pounds, two shillings and six pence due him "p Ace' passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Robert Denny Two Pounds 
thirteen shillings and three pence of the new Emission in lieu of one 
hundred & six Pounds Ten shillings due him for Stores p Ace* 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens John Sears six Pounds, one 
shilling and ten pence of the new Emission in lieu of Two hundred 

6 forty three Pounds fifteen shillings due him for Stores "p ace* 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Lieut John Chever of the 
Artillery 10 GalP of Rum & 22>4 is Coffee — to Capt. John L Jacob 
of the 6*^^ Reg* 8 GalP Rum & 18 is Coffee to Capt Lloyd Beall of the 
y^ Reg* 14 Gall= Rum & 31^^ is. Coffee, to Lieut Rob* Denny of the 

7 Reg* 14 GalP Rum & 273^ is Coffee and also to Ens John Sears 
of the 2^ Reg* 10 GalP Rum & 22^/2 is Coffee deficiency of Stores 
due them to the 30 Septem'' inclusive 

Samuel Register appointed Inspector of Kingston Warehouse in 
Talbot County in the room of James Barnwell j"' resigned and John 



of the Council of Maryland. 321 

Manning appointed Inspector of the Head of S' Ixonards Creek Liber C B 

warehotis 

resigned. 



warehouse in Calvert County in the room of Thomas Johnson Clifts ^\^'^ 



[Council to Colo. Henry Hollingsworth] Liber C C 

No. 22 

Sir Yours of the 30"' Ult" "p Giles, we have received and are ;^lad p. ir^s 

you have been relieved from the Major Part of the Horses delivered 
to you; those that are judged to be unfit for public Use, we wish 
you to have pastured on the best Terms you can. As the Assembly 
will meet next week we must wait their Determination to know what 
will be done with them, in the mean Time, we think, as little Expence 
ought to be incurred as possible, without injuring the Hor.ses, and, 
if it was in our Power, would most readily relieve you from the 
Expense and Trouble of them, but cannot, now, order them to be 
sold in the manner you point out. M"" Lee & M"" Gilpin inform us they 
have Horses and Waggons which were procured for the Public, if 
they are such as are fit for Service, you will receive and have them 
delivered to the Continental Quartermaster in this State 

Tuesday 10"' October 1780. October 10 

Present as on yesterday. L'ber C P. 

■' ^ No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Pyper p. 207 

four Pounds four shillings & six Pence of the new Emission in lieu 

of one hundred & seventy three Pounds due him p ace* passed by 

the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to James O Hara six Pounds of the 
new Emission allowed him by this Board from the 29''' April last 
to this day by Virtue of a Resolution of the General Assembly of 
the 7**^ of August 1779. 

That M'' Crisall deliver to Sam' Chase or his order i Hhd. to be 
returned. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. William p ^og 
D. Beall of the e*'' Reg* Capt* Samuel M^Pherson & John Mitchell 
Ensigns William Smoot John Boone of the i^' Reg' and Ens. Mark 
M*^Pherson of the i^* Brigade each Cloth & Trimmings suf¥' for a 
Suit of Cloaths and Linen for 2 Shirts on Account. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Brice Esq"" Fifty 
nine Pounds, two shillings and six Pence of the new Emission of 
this State due him to the 10* of May last as Councel'' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson jun'' Fortv six 
Pounds, three shillings & nine Pence due him p Ace' passed by 
the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Samuel Thomas 3*^ Contractor 
for Horses — in Montgomery County Two hundred Pounds of the 
new Emission on Account. 



322 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Mitchell one hundred 
No. 23 Dollars of the new Emission of this State, fifty Dollars to be deliv- 
ered over to Ens David Luckett of the i®* Reg* and the other Fifty 
Dollars to be delivered over to Ens John Nelson of the same Regim* 
in lieu of the Articles allowed them by the Act of Assembly passed 
July Session 1779. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens Robert Green of the y^^ 
Regim' seven Pounds two shillings and six Pence of the new Emis- 
sion in lieu of Two hundred & Eighty five Pounds due him per 
Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens John Boone of the i^* Reg* 
Five pounds fifteen shillings & four pence of the new Emission in 
lieu of Two hundred & Thirty Pounds, twelve shillings & six Pence 
due him p Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. William D. Beall of the 6*'' 
Reg* Eight Pounds, ten shillings & seven pence of the new Emission 
in lieu of three hundred and forty one Pounds, five shillings due him 
for Stores p Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Ens. Rob* Green of the 
7*'' Reg* 12 GalP Rum & 26' Cofifee due him to the 21 Sepf to Ens. 
John Boone of the i^* Reg* 11 Gall^ Rum & i8>4 Is Cofifee, to Capt. 
William D. Beall of the 6"^ Reg* 14 GalP Rum & 31^ is Cofifee due 
to the 30 Sept. inclusive and also Joseph White 10 Days rations for 
keeping a French Boy who was retaken & brought here in the 
Dolphin. 

Richard Stonestreet appointed Inspector of Broad Creek ware- 
house in Prince Geo.^ County in the room of John Lowe resigned. 



October II Wednesday 11 October 1780 

Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Gen' Gist Col°® 
P. Adams & Forrest flannel suff* for a waistcoat each 

That the said Commissary deliver to Ens. Henry Clements of the 
^d Regt Qoth & Trimmings sufif' for a Suit of Cloaths & Linen for 
2 Shirts on Ace* 

That the Collector of the Tax for Prince Georges County pay to 
John Beall Contractor for Horses in said County 18000 is of To- 
bacco on Account. 

That Joshua Cockey Collector in Baltimore County pay to Joshua 
Stevenson one of the Commissioners for supplying the Army &''^ 
Two thousand Pounds on Ace* 
p. 209 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Beall fifty 
one Pounds ten shillings of the new Emission of this State on 
Account. 



of the Council of Maryland. 323 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. Henry Clements of the S** Lif>cr C B 
Regim' five Pounds and four pence half Penny of the new Emis- • "■ ^^ 
sion in lieu of Two hundred Pounds fifteen shillings due him •]> 
account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. William Smoot of the i»' 
Regim' eight Pounds Eleven shillings and nine pence of the Emis- 
sion in lieu of three hundred and forty three Pounds ten shillings 
due him p ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Mitchell of the i" 
Regim' Eight Pounds fourteen shillings and nine pence of the new 
Emission in lieu of three hundred and forty nine Pounds ten shil- 
lings due him -p ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Ens. Henry Clements 
of the 3'' Regiment i^Va GalP of Rum & 27 is Cofifee. to Ens Wil- 
liam Smoot of the i"' Regim' 14 GalP Rum & 32 i' Coffee, & to 
Capt John Mitchell of the i«' Regim' 14 Gall^ of Rum & 31^ lbs. of 
Cofifee due to the 30 Septem*" Inclusive. 

[Council to Colo. Jas. Hindman] Liber C C 

Sir If it is convenient, we request you to send by Cap' Middleton p. 196 
as much Flour as he will receive belonging to the State 

[Council to William Hemsley Esqr.] 

Sir If there is any of the Flour which we purchased of you, still 
remaining in your Hands, we request you will have it delivered to 
Cap' Middleton 

[Council to Colo. Thomas Price] 

Sir. Yours of the 8"" Ins' we have received. All the Flour now 
remaining in your Hands, together with what you may collect, you 
will have transported to George Town and delivered to M"" Thomas 
Beall jun'' and as the Route is changed we hope it will, in some 
Measure remove the Difficulty of procuring Waggons. We request 
you to have the Shorts and Bran sold to the best Advantage you can, 
for the State, unless there is a Continental Quartermaster at Fred- 
erick who will give a Receipt for them, and think you have acted very 
properly in not separating the Midlings from the fine Flour, in this 
Manner we wish you to have the whole of the Wheat manufactured. 



Thursday 12"" October 1780 October 12 

Liber C B 
Present as on yesterday. No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Alaj*" John ^'^^ 

Deane, three Pounds thirteen shillings and seven Pence half Penny 



324 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B o£ the new Emission in lieu of one hundred and forty seven Pounds 
^^ five shillings due him p Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker Two pounds and 
six pence of the new Emission in lieu of Eighty one Pounds & Eight 
Pounds eight shillings and ten Pence in lieu of three hundred and 
thirty seven Pounds, twelve shillings & six Pence due him p Accounts 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jesse Hollingsworth one thousand 
and Twenty three Pounds, fifteen shillings of the new Emission in 
lieu of Forty thousand nine hundred and Fifty Pounds due him 
for 10 hhds. of Rum purchased of him for the Maryland Troops bv 
I Randall p his order. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jesse Hollingsworth Fifty Pounds 
of the new Emission to be delivered over to Thomas Langton in lieu 
of Two thousand Pounds due him for the like Sum lent the Continent 
by him in May last. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. John Sears of the 2^ Reg* 
Two Pounds fifteen shillings and six Pence of the new Emission in 
lieu of one hundred & eleven Pounds due him p account passed by the 
DepJ' Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Johnson jun"" one hun- 
dred & fifty Pounds of the new Emission to be deliv'' over to His 
Exc^ Tho' S. Lee Esq'' on Ace* 

[Council to Mr. Thomas Donellan] 

Sir We request you to send forward to the Head of Elk, all the 
Flour you have in your Possession and have it delivered to Col° 
Henry Hollingsworth. You will, in executing this Order, take care 
to reserve as much at your Post as may be wanted for immediate 
Consumption. M"" Stevenson one of the Commissioners for Balti- 
more County informs us he has a large Quantity of Flour still in 
his Possession, you will call on him for it immediately. 

[Council to Colo. Henry Hollingsworth] 

Sir A Letter from the Commander in Chief, represents the Dis- 
tress of the Army for want of Flour, to be exceeding great, and we 
are called on by Congress to send a Supply immediately, and do 
request you to deliver to Col° Yeates, all you have on Hand or may 
receive from M*" Donnellan, or any of the Commissaries to be for- 
warded with the utmost Dispatch to Head Quarters. Let us know 
what Provision you have received since your last Return. 



of the Council of Maryland. 325 

Friday i V'' October 1780 LiUr C B 

^ •' No. 23 

Present as on yesterday. OctoUr 13 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Sam' ^'^'^ 
M^^Pherson for the i"' M. Regim* i Coat i Jacket 5 p' Overalls 10 p' 
Stocks' I p'' Shoes, 10 Shirts 10 Knapsacks & 2 hatts 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Ens. Jacob Crawford 
two pounds twelve shillings & ten pence half penny of the new Emis- 
sion in lieu of one hund'' & five Pounds fifteen shillK" -p Ace' passed 
by the D. Aud. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Ben- p. 210 
jamin Price of the 2^ Reg' Cloth & Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths 
and Linen for 2 Shirts on ace'. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Capt Francis Shepard of the 
Regim' Extra Cloth & trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths and Linen 
for 2 Shirts. 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Col° Alex Lawson Smith 
of the Reg' Extra 18 Gallons Rum from the i Jan-'y to the i" Inst. 
& also 9 fs Cofifee from the i"' Aug' to the i Inst. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt William Beatty 
six Pounds, one shilling & four Pence half penny of the new Emis- 
sion of this State in lieu of Two hundred and forty three Pounds 
fifteen shillings due him for Stores p ace' passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Wilmot three Pounds, two 
shillings & three Pence of the new Emission in lieu of one hundred 
and Twenty four Pounds ten shillings due him p Account passed by 
the Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James West Eight Pounds, three 
shillings & eleven pence half Penny of the new Emission in lieu of 
three hundred and Twenty seven Pounds eighteen shillings and nine 
Pence and also the further sum of four Pounds, eight shillings and 
ten pence half penny of the new Emission in lieu of one hundred and 
seventy seven Pounds, fifteen shillings due him per Accounts passed 
by the Aud. Gen^ 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Samuel Luckett, four Pounds 
and three pence of the new Emission in lieu of one hundred and sixty 
Pounds, ten shillings p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Johnson Two Pounds, ten 
shillings and seven Pence half penny of the new Emission in Lieu 
of one hundred and one Pounds, five shill^^ due him p Ace' passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Gilbert Middleton thirty five 
Pounds, sixteen shillings and three Pence of the new Emission in 
lieu of one thousand four hundred & thirty two Pounds, ten shillings 
due him p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 



326 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to the Honble Daniel Carroll Esq^ 
No. 23 geventy five Pounds of the new Emission on Account 

That the Collector of the Tax for S' Mary's County pay to 
Joseph Ford Conf for Horses in said County Three thousand one 
hundred and Twenty five Pounds and also the further Sum of four 
thousand six hundred and ninety one Pounds ten shillings on 
Account 
Liber C C [Council to Richard Dallam, Esqr.] 

p. 197 Sir We received yours of the 8* Ins' If neither new Money, 
Tobacco, nor Orders on the Sheriff of the County will afiford you the 
Means of obtaining the Supplies wanted for the Army, it is not in 
our Power to place any other in your Hands, at present, and are 
Sorry to find we are likely to fail in a County on which we put con- 
siderable Dependance. The General Assembly being to meet in a 
few Days, may probably make such Regulations as will enable us 
to direct your Conduct in the other Matters you mention, in the 
mean Time we request you not to make Contracts payable in hard 
Money and to forward all the Cattle, on the Hoof, you can, like- 
wise what Flour you have on Hand, having just been inform'd by 
Congress that the Army is much in want of Provisions, Barrels will 
be very much wanted for the salt Provisions, and no Time should 
be lost in procuring them. 



October 14 Saturday 14 October 1780 

* ^No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 

p. 210 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Edw*^ Riely one 
Pound seventeen shillings and six Pence of the new Emission in lieu 
of seventy five Pounds p Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut James Bruff four Pounds, 
seventeen shillings and six Pence of the new Emission in lieu of one 
hundred & ninety five Pounds due him for Stores "p Ace* passed by 
the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Sam' McPherson of the i*' 
Reg' Thirty Dollars of the new Emission due him for Stores to be 
Accounted for 

p. 211 Ordered That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Lieut James 
Bruff of the 6* Regim' 8 Gall^ Rum & 18 is Coffee. Lieut Samuel 
Luckett of the Reg' Extra 4 GalP Rum & 9 is Coffee. Capt. Vachel 
Burgess of the Reg' Extra 4 is Coffee. Capt. Benjamin Price of the 
2^ Reg' I3>^ is Coffee. Capt. Lieut Samuel Lane of the Reg' 
Extra 9 is Coffee Capt. Francis Shepard of the Extra Reg' 4 
GalP Rum & 9 is Coffee. Lieut Edmond Moran of the 6"^ Reg' 14 
Gallons Rum and 40^ is Coffee. Lieut John Plant of the Reg' Extra 



of the Council of Maryland. 327 

4 Is Coffee. Lieut Charles Magruder of the said Reg* 5 is Coffee & Liber C B 
Lieut. Theo. Middleton of the said Regim' 4 is Coffee the Deficiences 
of Stores due them to the 30"' September inclusive. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut James Bruff of the 
6^^ Regim' Cloth sufP for a waistcoat and Breeches, Trimmings for 
the Breeches & Linen for 4 Shirts instead of an Order drawn on 
Capt. George Keeports the 27 March last and now returned. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Col'' Peter Adams of the i" 
Regim' Cloth and Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths anrl Linen for 2 
Shirts on Account. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Vachel Burgess 
Five Pounds and eleven Pence of the new Emission in lieu of Two 
hundred and Twenty one Pounds, seventeen shillings and six Pence 
due him "p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Samuel M^Pherson Two 
Pounds eleven shillings and six Pence of the new Emission in lieu 
of one hundred & two Pounds ten shillings due him -p Account passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° William Webb Haddaway 
five Pounds six shillings and Eleven pence half Penny of the New 
Emission in lieu of Two hundred and thirteen Pounds, fifteen shil- 
lings due him -p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Mitchell three Pounds, 
two shillings and Eleven Pence of the new Emission in lieu of one 
hundred and twenty five Pounds, seven shillings and six Pence due 
him "p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Samuel Luckett one Pound 
thirteen shillings of the new Emission in lieu of Sixty six Pounds 
due him p Ace' passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens Mark M'^Pherson Two Pounds, 
Twelve shillings and seven Pence half penny of the new Emission 
in lieu of one hundred and five Pounds fifteen shillings due him p 
Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James M'^Kubin seventy two 
Pounds, one shilling and Eleven pence half penny of the new Emis- 
sion in lieu of Two thousand eight hundred and Eighty Pounds, 
Eighteen shillings and nine pence due him p Ace' passed bv the Aud. 
Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Benjamin Price of the 2^ 
Reg' three Pounds, thirteen shillings & one Penny half penny of the 
new Emission in lieu of one hundred and forty six Pounds, five shil- 
lings due him for Stores p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. L' Sam' Lane Two Pounds, 
six shillings and three pence of the new Emission in lieu of ninety 



328 Journal mid Correspondence 

Liber C B seven Pounds ten shillings due him t) Account passed bv the Aud. 
No..3Geni P P y 

That the said Treasurer pay to Rich'^ Cowman Contractor for 
Horses & Teams in A. A. County three hundred Pounds of the new 
Emission of this State on Account, 
p. 212 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. William 
Middleton nine Pounds of the new Emission of this State in lieu of 
three hundred & sixty Pounds due him "p Account passed by the 
Depy Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Francis Shepard of the Reg. 
Extra one Pound thirteen shillings of the new Emission in lieu of 
sixty six Pounds due him for Stores p Ace* passed by the A. G' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Robert Berry nine Pounds 
of the new Emission in lieu of three hundred and sixty Pounds per 
Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Edmond Moran of the 6"' 
Reg* eleven Pounds, three shillings and four pence half Penny of the 
new Emission in lieu of four hundred and forty seven Pounds, fifteen 
shillings due him p Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Charles Magruder of the 
Reg. Extra four Pounds, fourteen shillings and one Penny half 
Penny of the new Emission in lieu of one hundred and Eighty eight 
Pounds, five shillings p Acc'^ passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut. John Plant of the Reg* 
Extra Five Pounds Eight shillings and seven Pence of the new Emis- 
sion in lieu of Two hundred and seventeen Pounds five shillings due 
him p Acc*^ passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Theo. Middleton of the said 
Regim* five Pounds, three shillings and seven Pence of the new 
Emission in lieu of Two hundred and seven Pounds five shillings 
due him p Acc*^ passed by the Aud. Gen' 

John Smith Brookes Commissary of Purchases for Prince Georges 
County was empowered by us to give Certificates in Payment of 
Provisions of the Salt meat kind directed to be procured by the 
" Act to procure a Supply of Salt meat for the use of the Army " 
and according to that Act such Certificates are discountable in the 
present and future Assessments of the Holders thereof and ought to 
be refused by the Collectors. 

„ [Council to Capt John Swan] 

No. 22 gjj. Qyj. Inclination to alleviate the Distresses of our brave 
Officers in Captivity, as far as we are allowed, together with your 
01¥er to contribute all in your Power to accomplish so desirable a 



of the Council of Maryland. 329 

Purpose, has prompted us to send a Flag to New York with Neces- J^^^J- 
saries and to solicit your Assistance Joshua Lorinj^ Esq' Commissary ' 
of Prisoners, in his Letter to Col" Ramsay, says, the Commanding 
Officer in New York will admit of our sending? only such Supplies 
as will be necessary for the immediate Use of the Officers, but he can- 
not think of allowing any Kind of Traffic. This Permission, though 
not soe extensive as we wish enables us to afforrl Relief to our Offi- 
cers from Time to Time. We request you to engage .such a Vessel as 
you esteem suitable for that Purpose, as speedily as possible and that 
you would purchase 4 thousand Pounds of Bacon or Pork; if you 
think you cannot procure it immediately, inform us as soon as you 
can, and what Expectation you have of Success, We prepose to send, 
besides the Bacon 66 Barrels of Flour, some Rum, Sugar Coffee and 
Tea and shall have £100 Gold to distribute amongst the Officers, 
Mrs. Chamier having engaged to pay that Sum in New York to our 
Order. 

[Council to Mr. Thomas Donellan] 

Sir We received yours of the 13*'' Ins* When we directed you to 
forward the Flour, it was not our Intention that such as was not fit 
for the use of the Army should be sent, but, that you slrould observe 
our former Instructions on that Head. 



Monday 16* October 1780 LibeJ'c B 

Present as on Saturday. ><o. 23 

■' p. 212 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Samuel M. 

Lane, three Pounds, eighteen shillings and five pence of the New 
Emission in lieu of one hundred and fifty six Pounds, seventeen shil- 
lings and six Pence due him p Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Worthington Ten 
Pounds, two shillings and six pence of the new Emission in lieu of 
Four hundred and five Pounds due him p Ace* passed by A. G'. 

That the said Treasurer pay to L* Samuel Hanson of the Reg* 
Extra six Pounds, nine shillings and six pence of the new Emission 
in lieu of Two hundred and Fifty nine Pounds due him p Ace* passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Alex*" C. Hanson Esq"" Fifty six 
Pounds five shillings of the new Emission on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Richard Sprigg Esq'' seven Pounds, 
ten shillings of the new Emission to be paid over to John Crisall on 
Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Peter Adams three hundred 
and forty six Doll" & three fourths of a Dollar of the new Emission 
to be paid over to John Randall Com^ of Cloathing on Ace* 



33© Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Ordered That the Issuing Commissary deUver to Lieut Sam' Han- 

^°-2% son of the Reg* Extra 9 h Coffee deficiency of Stores to the i^' Inst. 

^' and also to Capt. William Middleton of the State Boat Dolphin 2 

rations -p Day for himself and one Ration for each of the Hands 

employed to navigate the said Boat. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Cap* William Beatty 
14 Coats, 36 Jackets i p'' Breeches, 10 p"" Overalls, 12 Shirts 85 p"" 
Stockings, 15 p*" Shoes, 15 hats 85 Blankets, to be delivered over 
to the Soldiers in the Maryland Line and to be by him accounted for 
to the said Comm^ 

That the Armourer deliver to Capt. Benjamin Williams 45 Mus- 
kets complete with Accoutrements, 12 Boarding Pikes & 6 Cutlasses 
to be delivered over to Richard Barnes Esq'' Lieut, of S* Marys 
County. 

Commission issued to Benjamin Williams appointed Captain of the 
Barge called the Independence. 

The Council have this Day agreed with Capt. William Middleton 
to command the State Boat Dolphin for six Months on the following 
Terms £ 9 hard money at the Exchange, 2 Gallons Rum ^ i Bohea 
Tea, 81s Brd. Sugar and 4^ is Coffee p month and 2 rations p Day. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer deliver to John Dorsey 
& Co. 94 hh*^^ Tobacco weighing 88,997 is a 5of -p hund. and 4 p 
Cent amounting to forty six thousand two hundred and seventy eight 
pounds, ten shillings which this Board have sold them 

That John Bullen Esq*" Quarter Masf deliver to Col° Alexander 
Lawson Smith of the Regim* Extra i Covered Ammunition Waggon 
to be charged to the Continent 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Garreguies a 
Recruit enlisted for the 8"' Regim* fourteen Pounds, one shilling 
and three pence of the new Emission in lieu of one thousand five 
hundred Dollars part of the Bounty engaged to be given him by 
Richard Dallam Lieut of Harford County as appears by his Letter 
to this Board of the 15*^ Inst to be charged to the said Richard 
Dallam. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Monica Clifford eight Pounds, 
three shillings and one penny half penny of the new Emission in lieu 
of three hundred and Twenty six Pounds five shillings due p Ace* 
passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

Liber c C [Council to Colo. Alexr L. Smith] 

^!*i98 Sir We request you will prepare to march agreeable to the Route 
fixed by the Board as soon as possible. It will be necessary that a 
sufficient Number of Officers should remain in this City to take 



of the Council of Maryland. 331 

Charge of the Deserters that may be brought in, and these in the Liber C C 
Hospitals, as well as to forward any Cloathing which may be ^''- " 
deficient 

Tuesday ly^^ October 1780 OctoJ^er 17 

LWttr C B 
Present as on yesterday. No. 23 

Ordered That the Armourer deliver to Capt. William Middleton 
what Oakum Tar and Rigging he may want from time to time for 
the use of the Dolphin. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to J. Langden one thousand 
three hundred and ninety five Pounds to be delivered over to Rob' L. 
Hooe due him p Ace' passed by the A. G' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jennetta May five Dollars of the 
new Emission in lieu of seventy five Pounds due her p Ace' passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

[Council to Colo. Moses Rawlings] Liber C C 

N^o 22 

Sir We received yours of the /"^ Ins' As we have nothing but p. 198 
Money of the new Emission in the Treasury, which you write, will 
not answer your Purpose, it is not in our Power to Supply by this 
Opportunity. The Wheat of this year being of an extraordinary good 
Quality, we believe, if all the Produce, when ground, excepting the 
Bran & Shorts, is mixed, it will be fit for the Use of the Army. The 
Flour from your County is to be sent to the Southward, it will there- 
fore be proper to forward it to George Town, to be delivered to 
Thomas Beall Jun"" 

[Council to Henry Schenebely Esq''] 

Sir We have received a Letter from the Quartermaster General, 
informing us that the Army have no Occasion for a further Supply 
of Horses & Waggons, it will therefore be proper to cease purchas- 
ing any more. M"" Calhoun has not any Linen on public Account as 
we know of, but should Col° Shyrock have any that he is satisfied 
belongs to the State, wdiich is fit for the Purpose you mention, we 
hereby request him to deliver it to you. All the Provisions you have 
obtained excepting the Bran & Shorts and other Forage necessary for 
the Horses you employ, must be forwarded to George Tow'n. as speed- 
ily as possible and delivered to M"" Tho^ Beall Jun*" at that Place. 
The Waggons & Teams you have purchased, may be employed in 
that Service, until you receive further Directions. We would send 
you a Sum of the new Money by this Opportunity, but are informed, 
it will not answer at present in your County, and do not think it 
proper to draw on the Clerk for the Ordinary License Money. In a 
short Time we hope to be able to send you a Sum of Money 



332 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B Wednesday i8* October 1780 

October 18 Present as on yesterday. 

p. 213 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Crisall 
seven hundred and sixty nine Pounds, ten shiUings on Account 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Har- 
wood Esq"" Continental Treasurer one thousand four hundred Dollars 
of the new Bills emitted by this State in lieu of Fifty six thousand 
Dollars of the Continental Bills of Credit part of the Quota of this 
State for the use of the united States. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. James Bickham of the Reg' 
Extra, three Pounds five shillings and seven pence half penny of the 
new Emission in lieu of one hundred and thirty one Pounds, five 
shillings due him p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Richard Fenwick a Recruit for 
the 4'^ Regim' four Pounds four shillings and four pence half penny 
of the new Emission in lieu of four hundred and fifty Dollars the 
State and Continental Bounties. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Phillips an Express from 
Alexandria three hundred Dollars agreeable to a Resolution of 
Congress. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Mackubin fifty nine Pounds, 
fourteen shillings and three pence of the new Emission in lieu of 
Two thousand three hundred and eighty eight Pounds, eleven 
shillings and three pence due him p ace' passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John H. Stone Esq"" one hundred 
Pounds of the new Emission on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Rogers Esq'" Chancellor 
Seventy eight Pounds two shillings and six Pence of the new Emis- 
sion in lieu of the three thousand one hundred and twenty five Pounds 
due him for 3 Months Salary to the i^' Inst. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Niven Eleven shillings 
and three Pence of the new Emission in lieu of Twenty two Pounds, 
ten shillings p Ace' pas"^ by D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jacob Hust nine Pounds five shil- 
lings and three pence of the new Emission in lieu of three hundred 
and seventy Pounds ten shillings due him p Ace' passed by the Dep^ 
Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens John T. Lowe of the i^' Mary*^ 
Regim' six Pounds, one shilling and ten pence half Penny of the 
new Emission in lieu of Two hundred and forty three Pounds, fifteen 
shillings due him for Stores p ace' passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Arch"^ Colder Paymaster 
to the Regim' Extra Two thousand Pounds of the new Emission on 
Account 



of the Council of Maryland. 333 

Tliat the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut. James Jn" LIIkt C B 
Skinner of the 7"' Regim' Cloth and 'J'rimmings suf?' for a Suit of ^■^ 
Cloaths & Linen for 2 Shirts on Ace' 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Ens. John T. Lowe of the 
I*' Reg' 10 Gallons of Rum and 22^ \s Cofifee, deficiency of Stores 
to the i^' Instant 



Thursday 19'*' October 1780 October 19 

Present as on Yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Lieut. James 
Brufif Eighteen shillings and one penny half penny of the new Emis- 
sion in lieu of thirty six Pounds five shillings due him "p Ace* passed 
by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Crisall Eighty nine Pounds 
five shillings p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

Ordered That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. William p. 215 
Middleton of the Dolphin 30 is Tallow and also to Lieut James 
Skinner of the 7"^ Regini* 13 GalP and 5 pints of Rum & 36 is Coffee 
the dep^ of Stores due him to the i^' Inst. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Thomas Gassaway Fif- 
teen Pounds, twelve shillings and six Pence of the new Emission of 
this State in lieu of six hundred and Twenty five Pounds due him p 
Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Francis Shepard Two 
Pounds, nineteen shillings of the new Emission in lieu of one hun- 
dred and Eighteen Pounds due p Ace' passed by the Dep" Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut James Skinner of the 7"' 
Regim* seven Pounds fourteen shillings and six pence of the new 
Emission in lieu of three hundred and nine Pounds due him for 
Stores p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Pitt Twenty two 
pounds sixteen shillings and eleven Pence farthing of the new 
Emission in lieu of nine hundred and thirteen Pounds, seventeen 
shillings and six Pence p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 
That M"" Shaw deliver to John Muir 400 *^ of old Iron 
Commission of Letters of Marque and Reprisal issued to Robert 
Dashiell Commander of the Schooner Lady Lee, 90 Tons burthen 
navigated by 14 Men, mounting 4 Carriage Guns belonging to 
Joseph Williams. Isaac Harris and John Muir of Annapolis Mary- 
land. 

Warrant issued for the Execution of Thomas Taylor, condemned 
at Washington County Court 22^* August last for Felony. 



p. 215 



334 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to James Calhoun Esqr] 

No. 22 

p. 199 Sir We this Day received yours of the i6* Ins' & request you 
will forward to the Head of Elk, as Speedily as possible, all the 
Beef on the Hoof you can purchase. The Quality of the Bread you 
mention and the Difficulties you have met with in the Purchase of 
Flour induce us to desire you to accept of M*" Smith's Ofifer, pro- 
vided the Price is agreeable to you. Enclosed are Notes for 40 Hogs- 
heads of Tobacco, which you will please to sell on the best Terms 
you can, at not less than 50 £ p Cent and 4 "p Cent for Cask. As 
Barrels will be wanted for salted Provisions for the Public, we request 
you to secure what, in your ludgment may be sufficient for the 
Meat which you may procure 



October 20 Friday 20* October 1780. 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That M*" Shaw deliver to John Bullen Esq*" 2 covered 
Ammunition Waggons, and also to Col° Peter Adams, I 1 glaized 
Powder & 4 is Lead to be Accounted for 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Lieut Robert Denny 
four Pounds and nine pence of the new Emission in lieu of one 
hundred and sixty one Pounds, ten shillings due him p Account 
passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. John Boone four Pounds, 
seven shillings and seven pence half penny of the new Emission in 
lieu of one hundred and seventy five Pounds five shillings due him 
p Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Shaw eleven hundred and 
seventy Pounds for cleaning the Public Arms and seventy nine 
Pounds, ten shillings and three pence of the new Emission in lieu 
three thousand one hundred and seventy six Pounds, ten shillings 
due him p Ace* passed by the Aud. G' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Henry Baldwin of the 3^ 
Reg. three Pounds eighteen shillings and nine Pence of the new 
Emission in lieu of one hundred and fifty seven Pounds ten shillings 
due him p ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer deliver to James Calhoun Esquire Com- 
missary for Baltimore County 40 hh''^ of Tobacco on Account. 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt William Middleton 
2 Gall" of Rum and 4i is Cofifee his All^ to the 16 Nov"" next, and 
also to Lieut Henry Baldwin of the 3"^ Regim' 12 GalP of Rum and 
27 is Coffee deficiency of Stores to the i" Inst. 



of the Council of Maryland. 335 

[Council to Delegates in Congress] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Gentlemen In order to enable the Extra Regiment to proceefl to the p. i</) 

Southward, immediately, we have been under the Necessity of turn- 
ing over to the Continental Treasurer in this State, two thousand 
Pounds of the new State Emission, amounting at 40 for i, to eighty 
thousand Pounds. We request you to obtain a Warrant in Favor of 
Cap' Arch** Colder Paymaster of that Regiment, on M*" Harwood 
(that he may be justified in having paid it at our Request) for that 
Sum, in Part of the Monies appropriated agreeable to a Resolve of 
Congress in June last to the Supply of the Military Chest, and the 
Exigencies of the War in the Southern Department 

[Council to Donaldson Yeates Esqr] 
Sir We apprehend the Flour at Appoquiminink in the Delaware 
State, to be Part of what was obtained & forwarded by Mess''* Gilpin, 
Coale & Cox, Commrs of Cecil County. The following is a Remark 
on their Return, "David Willson at Appoquiminink Landing received 
about 320 Barrels of Flour of which he forwarded about 200 Bar- 
rels, has the Remainder in his Store, but delays sending it until he is 
paid for the Freight due." By a Letter from M*" Josiah Johnson 
Commr of Kent County, 21^* Aug' last, we find he had delivered a 
Quantity of Grain and some Flour agreeable to the Directions of the 
Act of Assembly, at Duck Creek, and had applied to M*" Hollings- 
worth to receive it, which he did not think Proper to, at that Place. 
We have Reason to believe Flour has been sent by some other 
Commrs to Duck Creek and from thence forwarded to the Army 
& do not know the Reason why M'' Johnson's was not likewise sent 
on; at any Rate, the State having sent the Flour to Places where 
there should have been Continental Officers to receive it, cannot be 
Subject to a Loss by a Delay and it is our opinion it ought to be 
received and considered at the Property of the United States, at the 
Time of Delivery there. 



Saturday 21^' October 1780 October 21 

Present as on yesterday. X^23^ ^ 

Ordered that M"" John Shaw deliver to Capt. Gilbert IMiddleton P- 216 

of the State Boat plater what Oakum, Tar & Rigging he may want 

from time to time for the use of the said Boat. 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt Gilbert Middleton 2 

rations p Day and i for each of his Hands and also 2 GalP Rum and 

4^ Is Cofifee his allowance to the 21^' Nov*" 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Col° Moses Rawlings 

Commissary for Washington County Two hundred and fifty Pounds 

of the new Emission on Account 



336 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Plant Thirty Pounds of the 
°' ^^ new Emission to be delivered over to Capt. George P. Keeports on 
Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Doct"^ James Murray one hundred 
Pounds of the new Emission on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to His Excellency Thomas Sim Lee 
Esq'' one hundred and fifty Pounds of the new Emission on Account. 
That the said Treasurer pay to Gilbert Middleton five Pounds, 
five shillings & five Pence half penny of the new Emission in lieu 
of Two hundred and ten pounds, Eighteen shillings and nine Pence 
due him for an Anchor purchased of him by the Gov. & Co. p Ace' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Greenwell forty Dollars of 
the new Emission to be delivered over to Capt. Joseph Ford Com- 
missary of St. Mary's County on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Woolf seven Pounds, seven- 
teen shillings and six Pence of the new Emission in lieu of three 
hundred & fifteen Pounds p Ace* passed by the A. G' 

That the Collector of the Tax for Washington County pay to 

Col° Moses RawHngs Commissary for Washington County Twenty 

five thousand Pounds on Account. 

[Duffil That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Col° Moses Rawlings 

named from as much of the Duffils from Alexandria as will make 20 Blankets for 

Ant\\"erp^ Capt. Reeds Comp^ at Fort Fred. 

is a coarse jhat M"" Fairbrother deliver to Capt. Beatty 12 Bushels of Corn 

woolen , 

cloth stored with him by Capt. Chalmers this Board to be Accountable. 

tllick'nipl Capt. Gilbert Middleton took command of the State Boat Plater 

for six Months from the Date hereof at nine Pounds hard money at 

the Exchange of 2 Gall^ Rum, ^ Is Bohea Tea 8 is Bro. Sugar & 4^ 

is Coffee p month and 2 rations p day 

Liber C C [Council to Henry Schenebely Esqr] 

"^■^^ Sir If Col° Rawlings should have Occasion for one or two of 
the Waggons and Teams in your Possession please to deliver them 
to him 



p. 200 



[Council to Capt. Geo. P. Keeports] 

Sir The Extra Regiment is now ready to march Southward and 
wait for nothing but to have their Waggons furnished with Geer. 
We therefore request you will immediately procure for Lieu' Plant 
The Articles specified in the Enclosure, and, for that Purpose 30 £ 
of the State Emission are sent you. If you should find any Difficulty 
in buying with this Money we earnestly entreat you to buy on the 
Credit of the State or on your own, as the March of these Troops 
is very desirable. 



of the Council of Maryland. 2>Z7 

3 p"" Breech Bands, 4 p"" Traces, 8 Collars, 8 Bridles, 4 liack Bands Libcr C C 
& 4 Belly Bands. No. 22 

[Council to ] 

Sir In Consequence of a Letter we have received from the Board 
of War relative to proper Guards to be furnished Col" Rawlings, to 
secure the British Prisoners, we are under the Necessity of requesting 
you will immediately order one Officer and Sixty eight Rank & file 
to march to Fort Frederick and to receive their Directions from Cor 
Rawlings. 

Monday 23^^ October 1780 October 23 

Liber C B 

Present as on Saturday. No. 23 

Ordered That the Collector of the Tax for Cecil County pay to ^■^' 
John D. Thompson Lieut of said County six thousand Pounds to 
be by him Accounted for. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to James Brice Esq*" one 
hundred Dollars of the new Emission in part of his Salary on 
Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Rich'* Bird of the 5"" Reg* 
three Pounds, fourteen shillings & six pence of the new Emission in 
lieu of one hundred & forty eight Pounds ten shillings p Ace' pass** 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Jn° Chever one pound, ten 
shill^^ & four pence half penny in lieu of Sixty Pounds fifteen shil- 
lings due him "p ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

Ordered That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt Richard 
Bird of the 5"^ Regim' thirteen and an half Gallons of Rum and 
thirteen & an half Pounds of Coffee the deficiency of Stores to the i^' 
Inst. 

That John Brice Esq"" receive out of the State Shop i i of Salt 
Peter 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Richard Bird of 
the 5* Regim' Cloth & Trimmings suff' for a Suit of Cloaths and 
Linen for 2 Shirts on Account and also to L' John Chever of the 
late Capt. Gales Comp^ of Artillery i Coat, i Vest, i p*" Stockings 
I p"" Shoes and i Shirt. 

[Council to Capt. Geo P. Keeports] Liber C C 

Sir. We have received yours of the 22*^ Ins' by Lieu' Plant. We p. 200" 
wish you to purchase the Blankets you engaged the Refusal of, at 
four silver Dollars or the Exchange in Paper Money, provided they 
will answer the intended Purpose, in Point of Size and Quality 



338 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C [Council to Jno Smith Brooks, Esqr] 

No. 22 

Sir We request you to deliver Col° Smith or his Order, what Pro- 
visions he may have Occasion to draw for his Regiment 



October 24 „ . .1, ^ 1 n 

Liber C B Tuesday 24"" October 1780 

No. 23 

p. 217 Present as on yesterday 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Samuel 
Cock of the Reg' Extra one Pound thirteen shillings of the new 
Emision in lieu of sixty six Pounds p Ace* pass<^ by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Ch' Smith of the said Reg* 
Five Pounds, two shillings and one penny half penny of the new 
Emission in lieu of one hundred & six Pounds, fifteen shillings and 
ninety seven Pounds ten shillings due him p ace* passed by the Aud. 
Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to the said Capt. Ch^ Smith nine 
Pounds, seventeen shillings of the new Emission in lieu of three 
hundred & ninety five Pounds, fifteen shill^^ for stores, Expence of 
Cloathing and necessaries for the Regim' Extra p Acc*^ passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Sam' Cock four Pounds, six 
shillings & one penny of the new Emission in lieu of one hundred & 
seventy two Pounds fifteen shill^^ p Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Benj^ Murdock of the Reg* 
Extra five Pounds seventeen shillings and four Pence half penny 
of the new Emission in lieu of sixty six Pounds & one hundred and 
sixty eight Pounds fifteen shillings due him p Ace* passed by the 
Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jeremiah Townley Chase Esq"" 
Seventy five Pounds of the new Emission on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Benjamin Price Two pounds 
sixteen shillings & four pence half penny of the new Emission in 
lieu of one hundred and twelve Pounds fifteen shillings p Ace' passed 
by the Aud. G' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker six Dollars of 
the new Emission on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to James M'^Cubbin Eight Pounds, 
six shillings & eight pence of the new Emission in lieu of three hun- 
dred & thirty three Pounds, six shillings & eight pence p Ace* passed 
by the Dep" Aud. 

That the Commissary of Issues deliver to Capt Sam' Cock of 
the Reg* Extra 4 1 Coffee and also to Capt. Benj. Murdock of the 
same Reg* 4^ is Coffee defic^ of Stores to the i^' Inst. 



of the Council of Maryland. 339 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Maj Edw'' Giles of the Li»>cr C B 
Reg' Extra 2 Shirts in part of the Articles all'' by the Gen' Assembly ^^- ^^ 
and also to Capt. Rich'' Hird of the 5"" Regini' i hat, i Coat, i vest, 
I Shirt, I p"" Stockings i p'' Overalls and i j/ Shoes for James Dur- 
gon ap ser in. s** Reg' 

That M"" Fairbrother deliver to Lieut Sam' Hanson 20 Bushels of 
Corn stored by M"" John Chalmers with him this Board to be 
Accountable 

[Council to James Calhoun Esqr] Li'jer c C 

No. 22 
Sir We wrote to you the 19''' Ins' by Lieu' Plant, and enclosed P-2oi 

Notes for 40 Hogsheads of Tobacco, which we shall be glad to know 

were received, M"" Donnellan has Directions to have the condemned 

Flour baked into Bread proper for the Use of the Army, and if he 

should want any Midlings or Ship Stufif for that Purpose, we 

request you to supply him 



Wednesday 25"^ October 1780 October 25 

Liber C B 
Present as on yesterday No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt W" Mid- ^'^'^ 
dleton Fifty Dollars of the new Emission on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to His Excellency Thomas Sim Lee 
Esq'' one hundred and fifty Pounds of the new Emission on Ace' 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Rigby Foster, 
Five Pounds, thirteen shillings and nine pence of the new Emission 
of this State in lieu of Two hundred and Twenty seven Pounds, ten 
shillings due him p Account passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Sprigg Esq"" Thirty six 
Pounds, nineteen shillings and Eight pence of the new Emission in 
lieu of one thousand four hundred and seventy nine Pounds, seven 
shillings and nine pence for the use of Nich^ Hockey p Ace' passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut George Jacob of the 6''* 
Reg' six Pounds, seven shillings & six Pence of the new Emission in 
lieu of Two hundred and fifty five Pounds for Stores p Ace' passed 
by the Aud. G' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Levin Demvood Surgeon to the 
7"" Reg' four pounds, seventeen shillings & six pence of the new- 
Emission in lieu of one hundred & ninety five Pounds for Stores per 
Ace' passed by the Aud. G' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. William Wilmott of the 
3*^ Reg' Three Pounds, eleven shill^^ & three pence of the new Emis- 
sion in lieu of one hundred & forty two pounds, ten shillings for 
Stores p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 



340 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to John Crisall Five thousand Pounds 
^°' ^^ to be expended in the Purchase of Beef and to be by him Accounted 
for. 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. William Wilmott 
of the 3*^ Reg* 12 GalP Rum & 21 is Coffee Lieut George Jacob of the 
6*^ Reg' 12 GalP Rum & 27 Is Cofifee and Levin Denwood Surgeon of 
the 7 Regm' 8 GalP Rum & 18 is Cofifee deficiency of Stores to the 
I* Inst. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. William Wilmott 
& Levin Denwood each Cloth and Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths 
and Linen for 2 Shirts on Account. 

Liber C C [T. Johnson Jr. to Benja Stoddert Esq'' Secry to the Board of War] 
No 22 
p. 201 Sir The Governor & Council received your Letter of the 21^' Ins* 

and have directed me to inform the Board of War through you, that 

the State Regiment marched from this City this Morning, and have 

Orders to take the lower & direct Route to join the Southern Army. 

The Tents are much wanted & will be forwarded with all possible 

Expedition, to the Troops as soon as received here. 



p. 218 



October 26 Thursday 26* October 1780 

Liber C B 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Samuel Chase 
Esq*" four hundred Pounds of the new Emission to be delivered over 
to John Dorsey & C° on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to David Crauford Esq"" Twelve shil- 
lings of the new Emission in lieu of Twenty four Pounds to be deliv- 
ered over to Frank Leek Esq*" p Ace* passed by the D. Aud"" 

That the said Treasurer pay to Maj"" Edw'^ Giles six Pounds, 
twelve shillings and nine Pence of the new Emission in lieu of Two 
hundred and sixty five Pounds, ten shillings to be delivered over to 
Col° Alexander L. Smith -p Ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Nixon Eighteen Shillings 
and nine pence of the new Emission in lieu of Thirty seven pounds 
ten shillings due him p ace* passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Edm*^ Compton of the i^* 
Reg* three Pounds fifteen shillings & four pence half penny of the 
new Emission in lieu of one hundred & fifty Pounds, fifteen shillings 
p Ace* passed by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Maj*" Edw*^ Giles Two Pounds, 
nine shillings and three pence of the new Emission in lieu of ninety 
eight Pounds, twelve shillings & Six Pence to be delivered to Lieut 
John Plant p ace* passed by the D. Aud. 



of the Council of Maryland. 341 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brice Esfi' seven Pounds Liber C B 
thirteen shilHngs and nine Pence of the new Emission in lieu of Three ' "' ^^ 
hundred & Seven Pounds ten shilhngs due him •]) ace' pass*^ by the 
A. G' 

That M'' John Shaw deHver to Allen Quynn Esq' i Barrel of Tar 
to be ref* or paid for 

That the Issuing- Commissary deliver to Lieut Edm"* Compton 
of the i^' Reg' 1 1^ GalP Rum and 18 Is Coffee due him for Deficiency 
of Stores to the i" Inst. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to the said Lieut Compton, 
Cloth & Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths & Linen for 2 Shirts on 
Account. 

Commission of Letters of Marque & Reprisal issued Gen'r Chad- p. 219 
wick Commander of the Schooner Fountain 50 Tons burthen, navi- 
gated by 20 Men mounting 8 Carriage Guns and 4 Swivels, belong- 
ing to Richard Curson & Comp^ of Baltimore. 



Friday 27"" October 1780 October 27 

Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Alajor Edward 
Giles of the Regim' Extra four Blankets for the use of the said 
Regim' 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Arch*^ Job Esq"" Thirteen 
Pounds, seven shillings and six Pence of the new Emission in lieu 
of Five hundred and thirty five Pounds to be delivered over to Corn* 
Bradley who was a 9 months Soldier in the 6"^ Regim' and was 
regularly discharged, allowed him by this Board instead of the 
Articles specified in the Act of Assembly to procure Troops for the 
American Army. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Ens. Jacob Crauford of the 2^ 
Regim' Two Pounds, eight shillings and nine pence of the New 
Emission in lieu ninety seven pounnds, ten shillings for Stores p 
ace' pass"^ by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brewer, four Pounds & three 
pence of the new Emission in lieu of one hundred and sixty Pounds, 
ten shillings due him p Ace' passed by the Aud. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Onner Wilkins one Pound seven- 
teen shillings & six Pence of the new Emission in lieu of seventy five 
Pounds p ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Wilkins and APHard ninety seven 
Pounds, ten shillings of the new Emission due them p Ace' passed 
by the Aud. Gen' 



342 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the Issuing Commissary dehver to Ens. Jacob Crauford of 
^°- ^^ the 2^ Regim' 4 Gall^ Rum and gis Cofifee deficiency of Stores due 
him to the i^' Inst. 

Thomas Pitt appointed Inspector of Ennall's Ferry Warehouse in 
Dorchester County in the room of Joseph Ennalls resigned. 

Richard Bennett Lloyd Esq"" a Native of this State now in the 
City of New York is Recommended to His Excellency General 
Washington, the Governor of the State of Jersey and to the Officer 
Commanding at Elizabeth Town for their Permission to pass the 
American Lines and through Jersey, with his Family and Baggage, 
for the Purpose of returning to this State. 



Liber C C [Council to Mr. Thomas Donnellan] 

No. 22 
p. 201 



^°- ^^ Sir Cap* Gibson will deliver you a Quantity of Wheat from Col° 



James Hindman, which we request you will have manufactured as 
speedily as possible 

October 28 Saturday 28 October 1780 

Liber C B Present as on yesterday. 
No. 23 ■' ■' 

p. 219 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Baruch Wil- 
liams Commissary of Purchases for Cecil County five hundred 
Pounds of the new Emission on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Alice Redman Five Dollars of 
the new Emission in Lieu of seventy five Pounds due her p Ace' 
passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Mary Fennell five Dollars of the 
new Emission in Lieu of Seventy five Pounds due her p Ace* passed 
by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Warren Dent Esq*" five hundred 
Pounds of the new Emission to be delivered over to Daniel Jenifer 
Commissary of Purchases for Charles County on Account. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt Charles Jordan of 
the i^' Regim* and Ens. Charles Murdock of the 6* Reg* Cloth and 
Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths and Linen for 2 Shirts, each, on 
Account, 
p. 220 Commission issued to William Waters of W" appointed Lieut 
Col° in the room of Peter Waters & Thomas Irving Maj'' in the 
room of Thomas Bruff belonging to the Princess Ann Batt. in 
Somerset County. 



Liber C C 



[Council to Thomas Jenifer, Esqr] 



No. 22 Sir We received your Favor of the 24* Ins* and have sent you 
^' five hundred Pounds of the new Emission and would have sent you 
the sum of Continental Money you require, but our Treasury is 
exhausted and it is out of our Power to procure it at present 



of the Council of Maryland. 343 

Monday W October 1780 October 30 

LiUr C B 
Present as on Saturday. No. 23 

p. 22l> 

Ordered That tlie western sliore 'I reasurer \y,iy to Roj^er fow- 
ling a soldier in the 6"' Maryland Ref^im' Ten Shillinj^s of the new 
Emission in lieu of Twenty Pounds allowed him by the Act relating 
to the Officers and soldiers &" instearl of the Articles therein 
mentioned. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Edward Owings four Pounds, 
two shillings & six Pence of the new Emission in lieu of seventy 
five Pounds & ninety Pounds due him -p Ace' passed by the Dep" Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker an Express 
engaged agreeable to the Resolution of Congress one hundred and 
fifty Dollars on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Gilbert Middleton Five Pounds, 
five shillings & four pence half penny of the new Emission in lieu 
of ninety Pounds fifteen shillings due him p Ace' passed by the 
Dep. Aud"" 

That the said Treasurer deliver to Charles Williamson Esq"" 7 
hhds. of Tobacco to be delivered over to Thomas Jones Contractor 
for Horses in Calvert County on Account. 

That the said Treasurer deliver to James Calhoun Esq*" Commis- 
sary for Baltimore County 100 hhds of Tobacco on Account. 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. Gilbert Middleton 
of the Plater y\ Gall* of Rum the allowance to the Hands of said 
Boat. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt Gilbert Middle- 
ton 2 is Marline and also 2 Shirts, i Upper & i under Jacket, 2 p*^ 
Stockings I p*" Shoes and i p*" Breeches for Negro Michael belonging 
to the State 

That M*" John Shaw Armourer deliver to Capt. Gilbert Middleton 
of the Plater 15 is Cannon & 5 is Musket Powder, 3 is Match rope. 
10 is Musket Ball, i Powder horn & Pricker, i Quire Cartridge 
Paper 50 Gun flints & 6 p"" Handcuflfs. 

[Council to General Smallwood] lAbtr C C 

Sir The Plan for a new Establishment of the Army, lately adopted p. 201 
by Congress renders it necessary that we should be furnished as 
soon as possible with a full and accurate Return of the Troops be- 
longing to our State, to lay before the General Assembly, that proper 
and effectual Measures may be concerted to complete the Quota 
assigned to this State, with the utmost Expedition. The Return of 
the Maryland Troops transmitted to us by his Ex^' Gen' \\'ashington, 



344 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C is defective inasmuch as the Remains of the Delaware Regiment are 
•'^°- ^^ included without any Discrimination. We request you to send us 
a Return as Speedily as you can. 

[Council to His Exy Govr. Jefiferson] 

p. 202 Sir We received your Favor of the 2&^ Ins' and can assure your 
Excellency, our Inclination to relieve your State from its present 
embarrassing- Difficulties and to prevent the Attention of the Militia 
being diverted from a vigorous Opposition to the invading Enemy, 
will prompt us to render, most chearfully, every necessary Aid in 
accommodating the Convention Troops, when removed to Fort 
Frederick with what Provisions we can spare; but the eventual 
Measures taken by this State for supplying them, were only calcu- 
lated for a partial Subsistence, because we expected your State 
would provide Magazines, at or in the Neighbourhood of the Fort 
according to the Resolution of Congress referred to by your Ex- 
cellency 

[Council to Capt. Philemon Warfield] 

Sir We request you to send immediately 2 Barrels of Cannon 
& 2 Kegs of Musket Powder and that you employ your Cart for 
that Purpose. 

[Council to James Calhoun Esqr.] 

Sir Yours of the 25"^ Ins* we have received. We think the 
Bread which M"" Smith would sell, is high and ought to be of the 
first Quality to command that Price ; yet, as we are circumstanced we 
should be glad to secure at least 500 Barrels of it, and request you 
to purchase that Quantity, if to be had on the Terms you mention, 
and M*" Smith will wait for the Part to be paid in Continental, 
until the Sale of the Tobacco which we enclose, and which you will 
sell agreeable to our former Instructions, for Continental Money. 
You will advise us by the first Opportunity whether this and a 
further Quantity of Tobacco can be disposed of, if so, we shall 
have Occasion to draw Part of the Money out of your Hands to 
answer other Purposes. 



October 31 Tuesday 31 October 1780 

Liber C B „ 

No. 23 Present as on yesterday. 

p. 220 Ordered That Clement Briscoe one of the Collectors of the Tax 
for S' Marys County pay to Joseph Ford Commissary for said 
County one thousand nine hundred and seventy five Pounds on 
Ace* 



of the Council of Maryland. 345 

That Richard Clarke one of the Collectors for said County pay Liber C B 
to the said Joseph Ford 'i'wo thousand Pounds to be by him Ac- ^^ 
counted for. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Simon Nicholls three 
hundred pounds of the new Emission to be delivered over to Thomas 
Richardson Commissary of Montgomery County on Account 

That the said Treasurer pay to Henry Baldwin, seven Pounds, 
nineteen shillings and six Pence of the new Emission in lieu of 
three hundred & nineteen Pounds due him p Ace' pass*^ by the 
A. Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Francis Fairbrother seven Pounds, 
four shillings of the new Emission in lieu of Two hundred & Eighty 
eight Pounds due him p Ace' passed by the AwV Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Hamilton Two Pounds, 
twelve shillings and six Pence of the new Emission in Lieu of one 
hundred and five Pounds, Two shillings & six Pence due him p ace' 
passed by the Dep^ Aud"" 

Ordered That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. William p. 221 
Middleton of the Dolphin 4 is Candles and 6 Gallons of Rum the 
Allowance for 4 hands p month. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt William Middle- 
ton i-| yds Coarse Stufif for Grape Shott and 6 hanks Marline for the 
use of the Dolphin. 

That the said Commissary deliver to Capt. John Hamilton 3 hats, 
3 Coats, 3 Vests 7 p'' Breeches 7 Shirts, 7 p"" Shoes, 7 p*" Stockings 
7 p"" Overalls & 7 Blankets for the use of the 4"^ Regim' 

That John Shaw Armourer deliver to Capt. William Middleton, 
6 Match Stocks 5 i Match rope 25 Is Buck Shott & Musket Ball, i 
Quire Cartridge Paper, 6 is Musket and 30 '^ Cannon Powder for the 
Dolphin. 

Commissions issued to Joshua Marsh appointed Capt. in the room 
of Henry Howard Richard Cromwell Capt. in the room of Luke 
Wylie, Walter Bosley i^' Lieut, and Benjamin Talbott Capt in the 
room of John Cockey, belonging to the Gun Powder Upper Battalion 
of Militia in Baltimore County. 

M"" Chase and M"" Hall from the House of Delegates inform his 
Excell^ that a sufficient number of Members are convened to Pro- 
ceed to Business 

Wednesday i^' November 1780 November i 

Present as on yesterday. N^^2^^ ^ 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Davidson 9- 221 

Two hundred and forty Pounds due him p Ace* passed bv the Aud. 

Gen' 



346 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Clement Skerret of Col° 
°' Harrisons Reg* of Artillery, six Pounds, one shilling & ten pence, 
half penny of the new Emission on Account of Stores. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Hamilton of the 4'*^ 
Maryl*^ Regim' Six Pounds one shilling and ten pence half Penny 
of the new Emission on Account of Stores. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Ignatius Boone of the 
Regim' Extra three Pounds one shilling & one Penny half penny 
in lieu of one hundred & twenty two Pounds five shillings for Stores 
p Ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jonathan Parker Express one 
hundred & fifty Dollars on Ace* 

That the said Treasurer pay to Robert Reith Messenger to the 
Gov"" and Council one hundred and Twenty five Pounds for i Month 
Salary to this Day. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Richard Haff Two hundred & six- 
teen Pounds seventeen shillings and seven Pence half Penny of the 
new Emission in lieu of Eight thousand six hundred and seventy 
five Pounds, five shillings and nine Pence half Penny due himself and 
Guard over the Magazine near Frederick Town p Ace' passed by the 
Aud Gen' 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Hyde Ass' Q to the 
Gov"" & Council Eight hundred and thirty three Pounds six shillings 
and Eight Pence due for 2 m° Salary to this Day. 

That the said Treasurer deliver to James Calhoun Esq'' 200 hh*^^ 
Tobacco on Ace' 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. John Hamilton 
of 4 Reg' 10 Gall^ Rum & 22| is Cofifee, Lieut Clement Skerret of 
Cor Harrisons Reg' of Artillery 10 GalP Rum and 22^ is Cofifee 
and also to Lieut Ignatius Boone of the Regim' Extra 4 Gall^ Rum 
& I3i is Coffee for Deficiency of Stores to the 31^' Oct. Inclusive 
p. 222 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Lieut Clement 
Skerret of Col° Harrison's Reg' of Artillery Cloth & Trimmings 
suff' for a Suit of Cloaths & Linen for 2 Shirts for himself and also 
Linen for 2 Shirts for Lieut James Mcfadon & 2 for Lieut Rob' 
Wilmott of same Reg' on Ace' 



Liber C C [Council to Colo. Thomas Price] 

No. 22 
p. 202 Sir We request you to supply the Guard on the Magazine at 

Frederick Town with Provisions & such Articles as are necessary 
on Returns being made by the Person who has it in Charge. 



of the Council of Maryland. 347 

[Council to James Calhoun Esqr.] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir Since writing you on the 30''' Ult" we have concluded to p »3 

send you an additional Quantity of 200 Hogsheads of Tobacco, 
which we request you to sell for the highest Price you can obtain 
in Continental Money, Before the Tobacco is delivered the Money 
must be paid, whicli you will immediately transmit to us, as it is 
to answer some urgent and indisj)cnsable Demands, as soon as you 
receive 20,000 £ or more, please to forward it to us. Mess" Langton 
& Hammond have applied to us to purchase Tobacco, you will there- 
fore make them an Offer before you sell. 

[Council to the Purchasers of Waggons & Teams & Horses] 

Sir As we are informed that it is unnecessary to forward to the 
Army any more Waggons or Horses, we request you will decline 
purchasing and close your Accounts. 

Thursday 2'^ November 1780 November 

■D . , A Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. No. 23 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Ma- ^■^-- 
gruder Contractor for Horses in Frederick County six hundred 
and Twenty five Pounds of the new Emission on Ace* 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Edward Edgerly of the 2^ 
Regim* seven Pounds, nineteen shillings & eleven pence of the new 
Emission in lieu of Three hundred & nineteen Pounds, seventeen 
shillings and six Pence due him p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Benjamin Price of 2^ Regf" 
one Pound four shillings & four Pence half Penny of the new 
Emission in lieu of Forty eight Pounds fifteen shillings due him f 
Ace* pass*^ by the D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to William Bowles Twenty Dollars 
of the new Emission to be delivered over to Joseph Ford on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Daniel Jenifer Esq'' Commissary 
of Purchases for Charles County one thousand Pounds of the new 
Emission on Account 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Alexander True- 
man of the 6**^ Regiment Cloth and Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths 
and Linen for 2 Shirts on ace* Lieut. Edward Edgerly of the 2^ 
Regim* Linen for 2 Shirts deficiency of Cloathing for the year 1780 
and also to Nicholas Macneniara a Disabled Soldier of the i'* Reg* 
I Blanket & i Coat 

That the Collector of the Tax for Washington County pay 
to Joshua Dorsey Contractor for Horses in Ann Arundel County one 
thousand four hundred and thirty Pounds ten shillings to be bv him 
Accounted for. 



348 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Lieut. Edward Edgerly 

^°" ^^ of the 2*^ Reg* 2 Gall^ of Rum and 4I is Coffee, and Benjamin Price 

of the said Regim* 2 GalP Rum & 4^ Is Coffee the allowance for the 

month of October, and also to Capt William Middleton 17 Bushels 

Salt in Barrels to be by him delivered to Col° William Hemsley. 



November 3 Friday 3*^ November 1780 

Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Nicholas 
Thomas Esq'' ninety three Pounds fifteen shillings of the new 
Emission in lieu of three thousand seven hundred and fifty Pounds 
fifteen shillings of the new Emission in lieu of three thousand seven 
hundred and fifty Pounds due him in part of his Salary as Judge of 
the General Court to the i^' Instant. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Adam Miller three Pounds eigh- 
teen shillings of the new Emission in lieu of one hundred and fifty 
six Pounds due him p ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Cap* L* Francis Revelly of the 3*^ 
Reg* four Pounds, seventeen shillings & six Pence of the new Emis- 
sion in lieu of one hundred & ninety five Pounds p ace* pass'^ by the 
D. Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Brewer Ten pounds of the 
new Emission in lieu of Four hundred Pounds due him "p Ace* passed 
by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Allen Quynn three Pounds, eleven 
shillings and six Pence of the new Emission in lieu of one hundred 
and forty three Pounds, one shilling and three pence due him p ace* 
passed by the D. Aud. 
p. 223 Ordered That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt Lieut 
Francis Revelly of the 3"^ Regim* and William Kelty Surgeon to 
the 5* Regim* each Cloth and Trimmings for a Suit of Cloaths and 
Linen for 2 shirts on Account. 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Capt. Lieut. Francis 
Revelly 17 Gal? Rum and 18 is Coffee deficiency of Stores due 
him to the i^* Instant 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt John Gassaway 
four Pounds, nine shillings and two pence of the new Emission in 
lieu of one hundred and seventy eight Pounds, seven shillings and 
six Pence due him p ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

Liber C C [Council to His Ex'y Govr Levingston] 

p°203 Sir At the Request of the Delegates of Maryland, I do myself 
the Honor of soliciting your Excellency's Passport for the safe 



of the Council of Maryland. 349 

Conveyance of Docf Upton Scott with his Cloathing and Medicine, Litter C C 
from the City of New York lhrouf,Mi the State of Jersey ^'°- " 

[Council to Capt Wilham Middleton] 

Sir You are immediately to proceccl with the Dolphin & Plater 
State Boats under your Command, down the Bay to M"" W" Hems- 
ley's and deliver the Salt you have on Board to such Person, as he 
shall direct. You are then to take in 4 Barrels of Pork for the Use of 
your Vessels and proceed down the Bay to Snow Hill on Pocomoke 
River, and when you arrive there, you are to inform M'' William 
Wise of your Business. You are to take under your Convoy two 
Sloops laden with Pork & Corn, and all other Vessels loaded with 
Provision for the State and return with all Expedition to the City 
of Annapolis. In pursuing these Instructions, you are to act with 
the greatest Caution and Vigilence, keeping a good Lookout. 

[Gov. Lee to the General Assembly] p. 204 

Gent" The Office of Register of Wills for Ann Arundel County, 
became vacant in the Recess of the General Assembly, by the Death 
of M'' Vallette, and, according to the Form of Government, with 
the Advice of the Council, I appointed and commissioned M*" Thos. 
Gassaway to hold that Office, untill the Meeting of the General 
Assembly. 

[Council to Charles Blake Esqr.] 

Sir Yours of the 28* Ult° we have received. As the Price of 
Wheat is raised, we suppose you will not be able to purchase below 
the Market Price, but we wish you to be cautious and not let the 
Purchase of a few Bushels influence your Conduct. We have 
transmitted to you by Maj*" Gale 25o£ of the late Emission of this 
State, it being the only Kind of Money we can command. M"" Hems- 
ley has sold us 21 Head of Cattle, six of which he is to have 
Slaughtered and barrelled; the Residue is to be delivered to you, 
which we request may be forwarded to the Head of Elk with those 
you purchase. 

Saturday 4* November 1780 November 4 

Liber C B 

Present as on yesterday. No. 33 

Ordered that the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. John 
Gassaway of the 2^ Regim* i pair of Stockings on Account. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt John Gale Two 
hundred and fifty Pounds of the new Emission to be delivered over to 
Charles Blake Esq*" on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Crisall thirty seven Pounds 
ten shillings of the new Emission on Account. 



P-223 



350 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. John Gassaway five thousand 
^^ Dollars Contin' Currency to reimburse him for his reasonable ex- 
pences in coming to Maryland on behalf of the Captured Ofificers 
belonging to this State now in South Carolina and to enable him to 
return " agreeable to his Parole " according to a Resolution of the 
Gen^ Assembly passed this Day. 

Permission is hereby given to Mary Wilson of this State and 
Elizabeth & Alice McCarter, the two latter Children of a certain 
William McCarter now in the City of New York neither of whom 
exceeds Eight years of Age, to solicit Leave from His Excellency 
Gen' Washington or the Commanding Officer at the Out Posts of the 
American Army at Elizabeth Town to go into the City of New York. 

Liber C C [Council to George Murdock Esqr] 

No. 22 

p. 204 Sir We request you would furnish Col° Moses Rawlings, for 
Continental Uses, with what Pork and Flour you have on Hand, 
when he applies. 

[Council to His Exy Governor Levingston] 

Sir Since I had the Honor of addressing your Excellency yester- 
day, by M'' Key, the Delegates of Maryland have resolved that 
the Conditions contained in the Enclosure should be annexed to the 
Recommendation of M"" Scott to your Excellency, I have therefore 
to request, the desired Passport may be granted to M'' Scott on his 
complying with the Terms prescribed 



November 6 Monday 6"" November 1780. 

No. 23 Present as on Saturday. 

p. 223 Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Daniel Carroll 
Esq'' Seventy five Pounds of the new Emission on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Job Garretson, Thirteen 
Pounds, eleven shillings and fiev Pence of the new Emission in lieu 
of one hundred and ninety five Pounds two shillings and six Pence 
and three hundred and forty seven Pounds, fifteen shillings p Ace* 
passed by the Dep'' Aud. 

Liber C C [Council to Colo. Moses Rawlings] 

No. 22 

p. 205 Sir Governor Jefferson has informed us that the Executive of 
Virginia have given Orders for the Removal of the Convention 
Troops from that State, to Fort Frederick to prevent an Attempt 
being made by the Enemy to rescue them out of their Hands. We 
thought it necessary you should be apprized of this Order, that 
Preparation might be made for their Reception & support. M"^ 



of the Council of Maryland. 351 

Murdock, Commissary of Frederick County has our Directions to Liber C C 

supply you with what Pork and Flour he has on Hand, when Appli- "" " 

cation is made by you. It is not in our Power to supply you with 

any Continental Money ; it is expected some Measures will be taken 

by the General Assembly to promote the Circulation of the new 

Emission, and shall lay your I^etter before them. We have requested 

Col° Forrest to send up such of the Soldiers of the Extra Regiment, 

rejected by the Board of War, as are able to march at this Time. 

The Pay of the Soldiers in Cap* Reid's Company, is the same with 

those in the Line. M"" Jacobs likewise has an Order for the Cloath- 

ing desired. 

[Council to Andrew Buchanan Esqr. Lieut of Bait County] 

Sir The Enclosure is a Copy of Governor Jefiferson's Letter, 
received this Day by Express. We are not inclined to believe the 
Possession of Baltimore Town is an Object with the British Army 
now in Virginia, yet, as the Fleet and Army still remain in that 
State and its Neighbourhood, and their future Designs not clearly 
indicated by their past Conduct, we wish, in this State of uncertainty 
and Doubt, that you may not be wholly unprepared for their Recep- 
tion, nor, on the other Hand, put the State to Expense in Prepara- 
tions to frustrate their supposed Intentions. Your Orders to the 
Militia in Baltimore Town and its Vicinity, to hold themselves in 
Readiness, at a short Notice, we think the most eligible Measure 
under present Circumstances. 

Tuesday f' November 1780 Lnir"c^B ^ 

Present as on yesterday. ^^? 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Eleanor Allen 
one Pound twelve shillings and six Pence of the new Emission in 
lieu of sixty five Pounds p Ace' passed by the Dep'' Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to John Shaw Three Pounds fifteen 
shillings of the new Emission in lieu of one hundred and fifty Pounds 
due him p Ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Lieut Ignatius Boone Five Pounds. 
Two shillings and nine Pence of the new Emission in lieu of Two 
hundred and five Pounds ten shillings and six Pence due him p ace* 
passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Joseph Mid- P-224 
dleton nine Pounds of the new Emission in lieu of Three hundred 
and sixty Pounds due him p Ace* passed by the Dep'' Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Jon^ Parker Eleven Pounds, one 
shilling of the new Emission in lieu of Four hundred and forty two 
Pounds due him p Ace' passed by the Dep'' Aud. 



352 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That the said Treasurer pay to Thomas Callahan Three Pounds 
^°" ^^ seven shillings of the new Emission in lieu of one hundred and thirty- 
four Pounds due him p Ace* passed by the Aud. Gen^ 

That the said Treasurer pay to Daniel Jenifer Esq*" Twenty 
seven Pounds, fourteen shillings and three pence to the new Emis- 
sion in lieu of eleven hundred and Eight Pounds, ten shillings to be 
delivered over to Docf Walter Hanson Jenifer due him p ace* passed 
by the Aud. Gen^ 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Solomon Stympson seven 
hundred and Twenty Pounds nineteen shillings and Ten pence due 
him p ace* passed by the Aud. Gen^ 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt Lieut John Jere. 
Jacob Cloth and Trimmings for 3 Suits of Cloaths and Linen for 6 
Shirts to be delivered to Capt. John Reed, Lieut Nath' B. Magruder 
& Ens. Gab' Jacob of the Guard Comp^ at Fort Frederick each i Suit 
of Cloaths & 2 Shirts 

Permission is hereby given to Mrs. Mary Sheafif of this State to 
apply to His Excellency Gen' Washington or the Officer Com- 
manding at the Out Posts of the American Army for his License to 
go into the City of New York on a Visit to her Father with Liberty 
to take with her two young Children 



November 8 Wednesday 8* November 1780 

Present as on yesterday. 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. Francis 
Revelly Three Pounds two shillings and ten Pence half Penny of the 
new Emission in lieu of one hundred and Twenty five Pounds, fifteen 
shillings due him p Ace* passed by the Dep'' Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to His Excellency Thomas S. Lee 
Esq"" one hundred Pounds of the new Emission on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to James Brice Esq*" Fifty Dollars of 
the new Emission on Account. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Col° Samuel Smith 6 hhds of 
Tobacco at Magruders warehouse Weigh^ 5837 Is dated in 1780 
to be accounted for at £50 p hund & 4 p Cent. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Negro Perry belonging 
to this State one Coat one Jacket i p*" Breeches, i p"" Shoes and i p*" 
Stockings 

That the Issuing Commissary deliver to Uriah Dunham, Benj* 
Andrews and Daniel Andrews 2 Days Provisions each to enable 
them to preceed on their way to Boston, they having been captured 
by the Enemy. 



of the Council of Maryland. 353 

Whereas It appears to this Boarfl that by the Operation of the Liber C B 
Act of Assembly Entitled An Act for the immediate Supply of ^°- ^^ 
Flour and other Provisions for the Army 845I Bushels of Wheat 
and 375 Barrels containing 723..2"..9'' of Flour were seized in the 
Hands of Col° Sam' Smith at that Time acting as Agent for the 
State of Virginia under the appointment of the Executive of that 
State. Resolved therefore that the Commissary General be requcstcfl 
& he is accordingly requested to give a Credit to the State of Virginia 
for the said Quantity of Wheat and Flour as so much of the specific 
Supplies required by Congress from that State & that the same be 
Charged to the State of Maryland. 

[Council to Luther Martin Esqr. Atty General] L''^er C C 

Sir Since you received Anderson's Deposition and other Papers p. 206 
from the Council relative to a supposed Forgery, for the Purpose of 
Proceeding against Col° Henry Hollingsworth agreeably to the 
Laws of this State, we have determined that the Papers should be 
put into the Hands of one of the Judges of the General Court, in 
Order that the Matter may be more Speedily enquired into. The 
Judge upon due Consideration of the several Depositions and Papers, 
will either discharge the Party, or bind him over to the next General 
Court and Summon the Evidences to support the Prosecution. This 
we apprehend to be the most regular, legal and speedy Course of 
Investigating the Colonel's Conduct in this Business and therefore 
request the Favor of you to return the Papers to this Board, by the 
first safe Opportunity 

Col° Hollingsworth, who will deliver this will afford an Oppor- 
tunity of sending the Papers 

[Council to Philemon Warfield] 

Sir We request of you to get a House to deposit the Arms &^^ 
in, the most convenient to the Magazine, and on the best Terms you 
can. If you can get one that will hold the whole of them, though 
not so convenient to the Magazine, it will be more eligible. 

[Council to Mr. Henry Sheaff, Balto.] 

Sir. We are informed, by your Friend M"" Eastman, that you 
expect M" Sheaff will receive a considerable Sum of Specie from her 
Father in the City of New York and that you are inclined to 
advance a Part of it to the Officers of this State, in Captivity. Our 
Officers, who we understand are to be exchanged, will have Occasion 
for thirty or forty Pounds each to discharge their Arrears for Board ; 
we therefore will esteem it a Favor if you will furnish Maj"" Eccles- 
ton or Maj"" Giles with a Sum of Money sufficient for the Purpose of 
accommodating the several Officers with that Sum, on the Credit 

23 



354 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C of this State, and we doubt not, Provision will be made by the 
No. 22 Legislature, for returning the Sum you may advance, in a short 
Time 

p. 207 [Council to Wm. Smith, Sam'l & Robt Purveyance & others 

Merchts in Baltimore] 

Gent" The Enclosure is a Copy of a Letter just received from the 
Mouth of Patuxent by which you will perceive that some of the 
Enemy's Vessels are at present in that River. We hope there may be 
some Vessels equipped in your Harbour of sufficient Force to prevent 
their getting off with their Booty, The Value of the Vessels and the 
great Plunder they are probably encumbered with make them an 
inviting Object of Profit while their Force is not so considerable 
as to discourage an Attempt. Our State Boats are down the Bay 
and may probably join any Vessels you may send. We can furnish 
15 or 20 Soldiers to assist in manning them and will chearfuUy 
render every Assistance in our Power as to Arms and Ammunition. 

[Council to Jeremiah T. Chase Esqr] 

Sir We enclose you a List of Tobacco, which we wish to have 
sold, to answer the most pressing Demands which you are well 
apprised of. M*" Hammond and others have offered to purchase. If 
M*" Calhoun has not sold the Tobacco transmitted to him, you will 
be so obliging to endeavour to dispose of the 150 Hogsheads agree- 
able to the List. 50 £ p C and 4 p Cent for Cask to be paid imme- 
diately or at the Delivery of the Notes, in Continental Money. Our 
embarrassing Situation with Respect to Money will be a sufficient 
Appology for giving you this Trouble 

[Council to Colo Joseph Wilkinson or the Commdg Offr of the 
Calvert Militia] 

Sir We request you to order such of the Militia of your County 
on Duty as may appear to you to be necessary to repel the Enemy 
now in that Part of this State, and have them properly armed and 
accoutered with those Arms in Calvert County belonging to the 
Public and others. You will take Care to post them in such Manner 
as will prevent as much as possible, the Inhabitants from being 
plundered, and to regain the Property they have already lost. You 
will give us the earliest Information of the Strength and Movements 
of the Enemy and of every material Occurence. Col° Smith has 
Directions from us, to supply the Militia with Provision. We expect 
to hear from you by the Return of this Express 

p. 208 [Council to ] 

Sir We have directed the commanding Officers of the Militia in 
Calvert County to call into Service a Part of the Militia, and request 



of the Council of Maryland. 355 

you to provide them with the Provision necessary. The Flour at Liber C C 
Col. Fitzhugh's Mill, should be used first, if it can conveniently be ^- ^ 
conveyed to the necessary Posts. 



Thursday 9"^ November 1780 Lib^rr*!} ^ 

Present as on yesterday ^°- ^^ 

Ordered That the western shore Treasurer pay to Capt. John I. 
Jacob Three Pounds, nineteen shilling's & seven Pence of the new 
Emission in lieu of one hundred & Fifty nine Pounds, two shillings 
and six pence p Account passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the said Treasurer pay to Capt. Montjoy Bailey five Dollars 
of the new Emission in lieu of seventy five Pounds for the use of 
Nich^ Tice "p ace' passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Ens. Rich** Chew of 
the 4 Reg' 2 Shirts in part of the Articles allowed by the Gen' As- 
sembly. 

That M'' John Shaw deliver to Jos. Dowson 20 Muskets, 6 Pistols 
800 Cartridges 20 Cutlasses 70 is Powder, 30 Flints 4 Swivels & 
12 Boarding Pikes to enable him to fit out the Schooner Kitty as a 
Privateer & to be ret'' in Kind if not taken by the Enemy. 

That the Lieutenants of Ann Arundel and Baltimore Counties 
immediately embody one hundred of the Militia of their respective 
Counties consisting of one Field Of¥icer, two Captains two Lieuten- 
ants, two Ensigns, four Serjeants & one hundred rank and file for 
the Purpose of Guarding the Magazines in Annapolis & Baltimore 
Town and for the Defence of the said City & Town 

[Council to James Calhoun, Esqr] Liber C C 

Xo. 22 
Sir We have judged it proper to order one hundred Militia of p. 208 

Baltimore County, to be embodied and request you to supply M"' 

Donnellan with Provision for them 

[Council to Mr. Thomas Donellan] 

Sir We have wrote to M' Calhoun to supply you with Provision 
for the Militia, ordered to be embodied in Baltimore County and 
request you to have it delivered to them 

[Council to Andw Buchanan Esqr.] 

Sir We enclose you an Order to embody, immediately, one hun- 
dred of the Militia of your County and have them Stationed in 
Baltimore Town under proper Officers. The Enemy being up the 
Bay, tho' not in considerable Force, renders this Order absolutelv 



356 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C C necessary for the Safety of the Public as well as private property in 
^^ and about Baltimore. M'' Donnellan has Directions to furnish the 
necessary Provision, and M"" Keeports vi^ill supply them with Am- 
munition and Arms, if they should not have them of their own. 
We request you will have the Men collected and equipped with all 
possible Expedition 

I Field Officer, 2 Capt^ 2 Lieut^ 2 Ens"^ 4 Serg** 100 Rank & file 

[Council to Capt Geo P. Keeports] 

Sir We think it necessary that all the Cannon in the Fort & 
Bait" Town, except 4 or 5 which may be necessary for immediate 
Defence, should be removed to some Place of security in the Coun- 
try, together with the Arms, Ammunition, Accoutriments and pub- 
lic Stores which may not be wanting to equip the Militia in Balt° 
Town. We request you will have them removed 10 or 12 Miles 
from Baltimore Town and lodged in a secure Place. In transact- 
ing this Business, you will consult M*" Buchanan, and every Thing 
necessary for the Troops, or that he may think ought to remain, 
we wish may be complied with 



November Friday lO November 1780 

10 
Liber c B Present as on yesterday. 

No. 23 

p. 225 Ordered that the Armourer deliver to Thomas Grason jun"" 50 

Stand of Arms, & Accoutrements complete with 24 rounds of fixt 
Ammunition to each to be delivered over to Col° Edw*^ Lloyd and by 
him to his Lieut of Talbot County. 

That the Lieut of Frederick County deliver to Col° Rawlings what 
Arms and Accoutrem'^ for the Guard at Fort Frederick he may want. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to John Crisall seventy 
five Pounds of the new Emission on Account. 

Liber C C [Council to Lieut of Washington County or the Commdg Officer of 

No. 22 the Militia] 

p. 209 

Sir In Consequence of Information from the Board of War that 
the Convention Troops were ordered to Fort Frederick, and from 
the Governor of Virginia, that one Division of those Troops con- 
sisting of about eight hundred Men, were on their March to that 
Place, we think it necessary that the Guard should be augmented 
•by two full Companies of Militia in Addition to the Company al- 
ready ordered and Cap' Reid's and request you will have this done 
as speedily as possible 



of the Council of Maryland. 357 

[Council to Colo. Moses Kawlings] Liber C C 

No. 22 
Sir Since our Letter of the 6'** Ins* by Cap* Jacob we have received 

one from Governor Jefferson, of the 3*^ informing us that he had 
given Directions for the March of the Convention Troops, in two 
Divisions, the first to consist of British, amounting to about 804 
Rank & File, the second consists wholly of Germans, in Number, 
the Governor Supposes, about 1503 including Officers. The first 
Division must have been some Time in its March and of Course 
may shortly be expected at Fort Frederick, the second certainly 
will not follow immediately and probably may remain at their present 
Barracks a considerable Length of Time; As the Motives for remov- 
ing the former do not, at present, operate so powerfully for remov- 
ing the Latter. The Guard must be considerably augmented and for 
that Purpose, you have a Letter for the Lieu* of Washington. We 
exhort you to exert yourself to the utmost, in making the necessary 
Preparations for the Reception and safe keeping of the Prisoners 
committed to your Charge and for subsisting them, as well as the 
Guard under your Command. If the Barracks should not be suffi- 
ciently large, or in proper Repair, you are desired to make the 
necessary Additions or Repairs either by Huts thatched, or thatch- 
ing the Roofs of the present Buildings : In Short we rely fully 
upon your Zeal, Activity and Judgment on this and every other 
Occasion 

Enclosed is an Order on the Lieu' of Frederick County to be made 
use of, in Case there are not a Sufficient Number of Arms in Wash- 
ington County, also a Copy of the Letter of the 6'^ Ins* by M'' Jacob. 

[Council to Capt William Middleton] 

Sir We think it proper you should return immediately with the 
State Boats, as there is a Prospect of your joining some Vessels 
from Baltimore If any Men have Shipped themselves from the 
Eastern Shore, they may be of service on this Occasion 



Saturday ii**" November 1780 November 

Present as on Yesterday. Liber C B 

Ordered That the Armourer deliver to Capt. William Middleton p'"^".-^ 
400 Musket Cartridges & 100 Swivel Shott for the Dolphin and also 
to Capt Gilbert Middleton 200 Musket Cartridges and one Ammu- 
nition Chest for the Plater. , , . 

lA ring tail 

That the Commissary of Stores deliver to Capt. Gilbert ^Middleton is a small 
Canvas suff* for a Ring tail, 300 Scupper Nails & 6 is Twine for the s^f s^e'l'STn^i 
Plater and also to Capt. William Middleton Canvas suflf' for a Ring- small mast 
tail for the Dolphin tiff^''-n'^'^'' 



taffrail] 



358 Journal and Correspondence 

Liber C B That Capt. Archibald Colder Deliver to John Muir Corny of Stores 
No. 23 all the Surplus Cloathing in his hands which was drawn for the 
Regim* Extra. 

Commissions issued to James Tibbett appointed Commodore Jos- 
eph Dorothy Captain of the Brig Cato and James Kiersted Captain 
of the Schooner Nantilus 
p. 226 By his Excellency Thos. Sim Lee Esq'' Governor of Maryland. 

A Proclamation 

At the request of the General Assembly of this State I do hereby 
appoint Thursday the seventh Day of December next to be observed 
throughout this State as a Day of Public Thanksgiving and Prayer 
agreebly to the Recommendation of Congress of the 18 of October 
last. 

Given at Annapolis this 1 1 Day of November in the year of our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty. 

Thos. S. Lee. 

By his Excellency's Command T. Johnson J"" Sec''^. 



Liber C C [Council to Capt John Chalmers] 

°'^^ Sir We request you to call on M"" Hemsley's Manager for the 
Corn and Beef bought of him for the Use of this State ; there are 
six Beeves barrelled and about 500 Bushels of Indian Corn 



p. 210 



November Monday 1 3* November 1780 



13 



Liber C B Present as on yesterday. 

^°- ^3 Ordered That the Armourer Deliver to William Sanders i Quarter 
o 226 

Bble Musket Powder & 100 is Lead for the use of the Militia in 

Sander's Neck to be Acc"^ for and also to Stephen Steward 20 is 

Powder, 24 Gunflints, 15 is Ball | Quire Cartridge Paper & i 

fathom of Match rope to be returned or paid for. 

That the western shore Treasurer pay to William Brown seven 

Pounds fifteen shillings and seven Pence of the new Emission in 

Lieu of three hundred & Eleven Pounds, four shillings & two Pence 

due him p ace* passed by the Dep^ Aud. 

So ends the Proceedings 

p Th Johnson J'' Ci. Co. 



LETTERS TO THE COUNCIL. 1779 

October 27 

[Richard Dallam, Harford County to Gov. Thomas Johnson] 

Sir I am under the disagreeable necessity of informing your Ex- 
cellency of the further rise of Wheat to 20 f & that I realy expect to 
hear this day 22..10..0 being given 

These prices are the consequence of Contracts M"" Giles (in Ace' 
with me) entered into with M"" Hall & John Baxley to whom he has 
engaged to give fifty Pounds & the rise of the marketts till April and 
advance them the money. And they to deliver the flour by Christmas 
for about 400 Barrels. Baxley I know has near all the Wheat to pur- 
chase & he must have it, he will shirk at no price, the Present price 
he gets for flour enables him without loss to give 20 £ & better for 
Wheat which he has already done. This Joins all the Wheat pur- 
chased in this Country to that price. And as We have four Millers 
in this County under like Contracts as M'' Hutson, I have no guess 
when it will stop. 

I am not the only person alarmed I have conversed with numbers 
of Persons of different ranks & find all of the opinion that the money 
is gone, so little Confidence have the people in the money that I 
have been offered only yesterday, Wheat at y /6 & Pork at 30s. gold, 
to be paid in three years altho the latter sells for 100 £ I cannot 
help saying I believe that money will not Procure the necessary 
supplys and that some other mode must be adopf^ 

This Contract of flour with Hall & Baxley is the first I hear of 
M"" Giles making altho he has had his Commission some time he 
Boasts of being unlimmit'' in price & that he will out bid me, let the 
loss to the Public be what it will for my Part I have no intention of 
entering into such a Contention with M"" Giles. Were we expending 
our own money, I should have no fears on that ace' You may depend 
nothing shall induce me but a Conviction, of the Public service being 
Promoted, to give over what I am justifyd in doing from the price 
being general could an immediate supply of flour be obtained I believe 
I should have not been nice ab' a bid, both M"" Hall & Baxley was 
with me on the morning of my return Home & I could have con- 
tractd for Baxley flour at fourty Pounds & a rise but knowing 
his situation & hav^ laid a plan which I had no doubt of executing to 
prevent a further raise I put him & M'' Hall off with a promise of 
geting his flour on the Terms that others offerd And as AP Giles 
soon after meet with them they informd me of the offer made them 



360 Journal and Correspondence. 

October 27 which I could by no means think of giving made them still the 
promise when the flour was ready to give as much as another, but 
M'' Giles offer was so Good a sale they could not refuse it 

I cannot but believe that Bad management in the Commissary 
department has been a cheaf cause of our distressing situation, which 
so much effects me that I can neither Eat nor Sleep am realy sick 

Your Excellencies orders to write frequent will justify the Trouble 
of this Letter so soon after a longer one 

November 5 [Aquila Hall, Baltimore, to Thomas Johnson.] 

[Asks pass to New York for Maj. Samuel Caldwell and vouches 
for his ardent patriotism.] 

Octobers: [Sam Smith Bait, to Gov Johnson] 

RedBook gjj. j Had the Honor to receive your Excell^^ permission to 

Letter Export Flour for the State of Virginia I must Beg your Permit 

No. 38 fQj. the Schooner Willing Maid Capt Hunt Belonging to Mess"" 

Thomas Archer & C° Merch' York Town Virginia, carrying Thirty 

seven Bb'^^ flour, fast sailer well provided & mann'd 

Your ExcelF will see the Difficulty I shall be under & the 
Expence attending the sending an Express for Passport to the small 
Craft I shall be oblig'd to employ in this Business. If with pro- 
priety your Excell^ can give me permission without, I shall Esteem 
myself much oblig'd. I inclose your Excell^ The Hon'''^ Ja^ Innes 
Letter 

November 2 [Joseph Ford, Leonard Town to His Excellency, 

Thomas Johnson Esqr.] 

I wrote to your Excellency some time Ago concerning the Lydea's 
long Boat and as I have never received an answer, concluded that 
my letter did not come to hand I applied to a Captain of one of the 
Gallies and Several other Craft going up the bay to take her up to 
Annapolis but could not get it done unless I would have paid them 
half as much as the Boat is worth she is in as good repair as when 
I received her her hull with some little repairs may be made good 
her Main Sail is about half worn the Rest of her Rigging is worth 
but little If she is for Sale Coll' Barnes will Purchase her or If your 
ExcelP^ should think propper to entrust me with the sale of her, I 
will advertise her for public Sale. 

November 2 [Jacob Giles Junr, A. C. P^ Mount Pleasant, to His Excellency 

Thos Johnson Esqr.] 

Sir I wrote you about a fortnight since informing I had Col 
Blanes Appointment as Assistant Commissary of Purchases and was 
by him desired to apply to your Excellency for a Licence. I was 
this day informed by M'' Dallam he had received a Letter from you 
wherein You mention I did not send my Commission. I did not 



Letters to the Council. 361 

Know that it was necessary as Col Blane in his Instructions to me November 2 
says he would write to your Excellency himself and acquaint you of 
my Appointment neither could I have Sent it had I known it Neces- 
sary as Col Blane omitted Inclosinj? my Commission although he 
fully Intrusted & Authorized me to Purchase. I have Sent an 
Express this day to Philad" for Cash by whom I shall get my Com- 
mission and will Inclose it to Your Excellency by first Opportunity. 
You may rely upon my most Streneous Exertions to get a Supply 
for the Army and at the Same time keep the Price as low as Pos- 
sible no Person can have a greater objection to the Exorbitant Price 
of Grain than myself as I have a very Capital Tax to pay & it cer- 
tainly is the Interest of every Man who has a Landed Estate to keep 
the Price down, as we are in fact only selling to ourselves. I shall 
be Glad to receive your Excellencys advice & Instructions at any time. 
I mentioned to M*" Jenifer the Bearer of this I thought it might save 
Some Expence to the Continent for me to have an order on the 
Sherif of this County, for What Cash he Collects or a Part In which 
he agreed with me. If your Excellency should think Proper to give 
me an order on the Sherif for any Sum after I have sent you my 
Commission shall be oblidged Interim I am with all Respect Your 
most obedient Humble Servant 

[Joseph Dashiell, Worcester County to His Excellency November 4 

Thomas Johnson, Esqr] ^^2^^ 

Sir Yours of the lo"' Sepf Relative to the Plank for the Gal- ^^^J 
leys Came to hand the 20'*^ Ocf and Immediately Indeavour'd to See 21 Md. 
Ingage the Thick Plank. But as no one was Inclinable as it was -^^^^'ves 
Very trobelsom to saw so long and thick. I then went and bought it 
myself and got the Stocks but for want of Water Cannot at this 
time Inform you when it will be Ready. The 1500 feet of i^ & the 
1000 feet of Inch plank I have by me and the Thick plank shall be 
Ready as soon as posable, nothing being wanted to Compleat it But 
Water, I have never had it in my power to send forward the Eight 
Bar^ f)ork that Remains in my hands except I would have hired a 
Vesel On purpose which would not have Quit Cost Docf Houston 
has promis'd me to send it Up next week as soon as the plank is at 
the Landing shall advise the Gov"' & Council 

[Isaac Perkins, Kent County, to Gov. Johnson] November 5 

Sir The salt you sent to me was thankfully received at the 
Exchange and went off in a few days and the wheat is Ground and 
the flour has been some days ready to Deliver but I could get no 
Craft here to take it to elk, and to Expedite the Conveyance I sent 
an express to Col° Hollingsworth this day week to send a Craft 
for that and the flour I have for Col° Ewing which he wrote he 
would do this week but she has not yet appeared. 



362 Journal and Correspondence. 

November 5 My Clerk at Chester Town Informs me that The Skipper of the 
plater had the Salt Measured in a Very unfair manner that he 
refused delivering- it in any other way saying it was the way he 
received it, and the Salt overrun by his Measure a half bushel which 
he took back with him this Convinces me that it was measured 
unfair as such Salt always looses every time measured, and the 
Custom Here is to buy and sell by the Philadel^ Seal which is larger 
than the Maryland — in Consequence of this the salt has Lost Con- 
siderably in measure but the wheat was measured in the same 
measures which will make but Little difference. 

I shall be always thankfull for your further Commands and am 
with GreatfuU Esteem Your Very humble serv* 

November 7 [Henry Dickinson to Gov. Johnson] 

^ Sunday Hono"" Sir Yours of the 6* Instant in Council is this moment 

night come to hand, inclosing an Order for the Removal of the Public 

No 25 n^oriey in my hands immediately, unto the Treasury of the W. Shore. 

Letter J ^m sorry to inform your Excellency, that I am fearfuU my 111 

°See State of Health at Present will not Permit me to Comply with the 

Liber c C order as soon as might have been otherwise expected, the greatest 

pi 36 Part of the money is in Small Bills which will take some time to 

List and Count, which as soon as done, I shall set off with if able 

to ride, if not will endeavour to get some careful hand to take 

Charge of it, And as this order seems rather hard on me to Carry 

such Sums of money from hear to Annapolis for my Salary, I hope 

the State will Consider the money after it leaves my House at their 

Risque and not mine. 

Received November 7**" 1779 by the Hands of Jonathan Parker, 
a letter from His Excellency Thomas Johnson Inclosing a Resolve 
of the Council dated 6*'' of this Instant Novem 1779 by Henry 
Dickinson 

November 9 [Sam Smith, Bait, to His Excelly. Gov. Johnson] 

^ No°22 Sir I will be much oblig'd for your permission for the 
Letter Cap' Shadrack Ames a fast sailing Sloop, carrying from 150 to 
^°' ^'^ 200 B^'" flour to York Town in Virg^ The Bearer goes Express 
I beg you may dispatch him as soon as possible & Have the Honor 
to be 

I know not the sloop's Name, she is at the Point, I believe it is 
James 

November 9 [Jesse Root, Chairman Philadelphia, to Gov. Lee] 

Sir When Count de Estaing, sometime past, was hourly Ex- 
pected from the Southward in want of provisions, our Magazines 
being then low, and the Commissary of purchases unable at once 



Letters to the Council. 3^3 

to furnish the Supply that would be probably wanterl for our own November 9 
Army and the Count, IVf Holkers Agents, in Concurrence with the 
Governor of Maryland took measures to procure 8000 Barrels of 
flour in your State of which the Comm'" of Congress was informed 
& did aprove as being necessary at that time, but being since told 
there is a great reason to Suspect that Certain persons being actually 
or pretendidly Agents for M"" Holker have made large purchases of 
flour beyond the quantity afores'' and by creating a Competition & 
out biding our Commissaries, have greatly inhanced the price of 
flour, and retarded those Supplies which are necessary for the Sub- 
sistance of our Army, we request your Excellencys attention to this 
affair, and that proper enquiry be made and that all the flour pur- 
chased by any person whatever except the Complement of Eight 
thousand barrels afores*^ & of 4000 before in M*" Smiths hands for 
M"" Holker be turned over to the Commissary Gen' of purchases, as 
the only Channel through which Supplies for our army & our allys 
Can in future be regularly obtained and desire that hereafter no 
purchases of flour on public account be allowed in your State but 
by the Commissary General & his Deputies and we refer you to Col 
Blain for more particular Information on this head. 

p'' order of the Com*^= of Congress on the Coms^ & Qu"" Ms"' Gen- 
erals departments Your Excellencys Most obed' humb' servant 

P. S. the flour purchased to Carry to Virginia agreable to the 
resolve of Congress for that purpose, is not to be affected by any 
thing in the above letter 

[Sam Huntington, President, Philadelphia to Governor of Xovember 

Sir You will receive herewith enclos'd two Acts of Congress of No. 8 
the 12*'* & 16* instant for reforming the eleven companies of -^^ ^^4 
artificers raised by the Quartermaster General, making provision 
for and granting certain benefits to that Corps in particular that 
they be considered as part of the Quotas of the Eighty Battalions 
apportioned on the several States to which they respectively belong. 
Also another Act of the 16'^ instant requesting the aid of the several 
States for obtaining wittnesses & depositions in the trial of cases 
before courts martial. 

I have the honour to be with great Respect Your Ex-'^ hum^'^ 
Servant 

[Sam'I Sadler Art'y Park, Chester to His Excellency The November 

Governor of Md] " 

Sir I am sorry to Inform you of the death of Cap: Gale who 
departed this life in about four weeks after his arrival at Camp. 
He Informed me that he was Indebted to the State of Marjdand. 



364 Journal and Correspondence. 

November I Have his Effects in my Hand which I shall dispose of agreeable 
" to the Articles of War in Like Cases. I am in hopes I shall be able 
to obtain a furlough at the Close of the Present Campaign in order 
to come to Annapolis & settle his Acc'^ 

We Receiv** our Commissions from Congress as an Independent 
Company, the other two Companies are ordered to Col° Harrisons 
Reg* and the officers have taken their Rise in it my Reason for 
mentioning it to your Excellency is that I think from those Circum- 
stances, I am Justly Entitled to the Late Capt. Gales. 

I am Sir with due Respect Your Excellencys most ob* Serv' 

November [Lnd Weltner Lt. Colo. Command' G. Regt, Sunbury to His 

II Excellency Thomas Johnston 1 

Red Book j j ^ 

No. 24 Dear Sir I make bold to Trouble your Excellency, with an 
No^g Ord^'"' fo'" the money allowed to the officers of the State by the 
hands of Capt. Baltzell, which I have Certified, as we lay such a 
distance from the army, I thought proper to send for the same, a few 
days ago one of my officers arrived at this place from a Command 
from Wyaleusing who informs me that he made not the least dis- 
covery of the Savages being there, which makes me believe that 
our Frontiers may rest secure, one man found dead near Muncy 
hill, but, believe him to be Killed by some Villain. 

November This may Certify that we the Subscribers officers of the German 

_ , ^ " Regm' belonging to the State of Maryland have not Rec** any part, 

No. 24 or parcel of the Money allowed to us by the State, Neither have we 

}f^^^^ given any Order to any person, or persons Whatsoever, we therefore 

Empower Capt" Charles Baltzell to receive the same for us allowed 

by the State. 

Charles Baltzel, Capt. Jacob Gromett, Lieu' 

Christ. Myers, Capt. David Morgan, Lieu* 

Mich' Bayer, Capt. Jacob Raybold, Ensign 

Martin Shugart, L* Alex"" Smith, Surgeons Mate. 

Sunsbury, to his Excellency the Governor of Maryland 
I do hereby Certify that the above Subscribers are officers of the 
State of Maryland and declare upon Honour, that they have not 
recev*' any part of the Money allowed, by the State to the best of 
my Knowledge 

Lnd. Weltner Lt. Col° Command^ G. Reg'"* 

November [Tim Pickering, War Office, to his Excellency Govr. Johnson] 

Red Book ^''' ^^ ^^^ ^^^ honour of writing to you by Major French, 

No. 24 requesting a loan of powder & lead. The ground of that application 

j^Q I7 was the expected arrival of Count d'Estaing to cooperate with the 

Army of the United States in the reduction of New York. But 



Letters to the Council. 365 

yesterday authentic information was received by Congress, that F<cd I'^^ok 
the Count was going directly to the West Indies, after an unsuc- ^" ^^ 
cessful Attempt to capture the British army in Georgia. 'J"he [Xjwder 
& lead therefore of which we requested the loan will not now be 
wanted ; and should they have been ordered on, we request they may 
be stopped & returned into your magazines : Indeed from your 
Excellency's letter of the 22"^ ult" it seems there was but little pros- 
pect of your being able to supply the ammunition requested. 

We are extremely sorry that the trouble we gave your Excellency 
in ordering out a militia guard proved fruitless : but till very lately 
it was not in our power to send oflf the prisoners, from the want 
of an escort; and just at the time when one was ready a letter from 
Col° Rawlings informed us that the militia guard at fort Frederick 
being veiy disorderly (probably from having nothing to do) he 
had discharged them. Nevertheless, as it will be very inconvenient 
to supply so great a number of prisoners in this place with wood 
and provisions & from the continual accessions by captures at Sea 
very difficult to secure them, we are still of opinion that at least 
four hundred should be sent to fort Frederick. We accordingly 
wrote to Col° Rawlings, desiring him to take the necessary measures 
for procuring another guard, either by inlistment for a year, or from 
the militia, giving us timely notice when he judges they may be 
ready, that we may send on the prisoners in Season. We beg leave 
once more to ask your Excellency's interposition to furnish the 
guard now requested. 

We have the honour to be with the greatest respect Your Excel- 
lency's most obed' Servants By order of the board 

[Henry Schnebely, Hagerstown, to the Council] November 

Yours of the 17* Oct came to hand the 30'^ at which time I had 
purchased the Waggons horses & " as appears by my Ace' rendered 
you by M'' Williams, I have borrowed 23 yds Linen from Col° 
Shryock for mak^ a few Bags Necessary for the Waggons but as he 
has none but what was purchased under the Direction of M"" Cal- 
hoon for the Cont' use he will not deliver any to your order which 
Intimates a Distinction between State & Continental, I have de- 
livered to Col° Rawlings one Waggon, five horses & Harness, all the 
flower I have obtained will not amount to more than four Loads part 
of which Lays at Mills which cannot grind for want of water. I have 
Consulted Col. Rawlings who thinks it improper to send any of the 
tax flour, the approaching Season makes it necessary to provide 
Stabling more hay. Straw, grain & Many other Articles for the 
horses I have on hand which requires more Attention to that busi- 
ness than I am able to give therefore must request you will direct me 
where to deliver them as I have been obliged for Conven^ of Pas- 
turage & hay to keep them a Considerable distance from my own 



366 Journal and Correspondence. 

November house which makes the care of them very troublesome, without 
^' proper notice they will soon become useless, People are daily asking 
for Money, therefore earnestly request you'll put it in my power 
(p M*" Williams) to Comply with my promises to the people from 
whom I have purchased, I believe a few might except of the new 
Bills perhaps I co*^ pass to the amount of 5 or 6000 £ Continent' I 
hope you'll endeavour to order the teams & Waggons out of my 
hands as soon as possible the Commissary here will not Issue any 
provision to Waggoners which makes it difficult to get any person 
to feed & Attend the horses. 



November [John Randall Baltimore to Gov. Lee] 

See Sir Inclosed is a letter from M*" Faw on the Subject of Cloathing 
^'^^No'22 ^ ^^^ leave to enter a protest Agst. his making any more Shirts 
p. 39 of the Oznabrigs mentioned those lent are so very bad I am asham'd 
& afraid to take them to Camp. 

Col Smith and M"^ Jefferies, has a quantity of Coarse Cloths & 
Blankets, they promis'd Col Forrest the State should have the 
Refusal and will keep them till they hear from you. I've exam'd 
them and think them too great a Bargain to be Missed in our present 
necessitous State, there are upwards of 100 extraordinary good 
Blankets from £ 40 to 50 £ some more of the Cloth than we want 
(to make up the deficiency in Overalls and the Socks but immagine 
You'll not Object to its being purchased on that Acco* as the whole 
must go together. I wait here for an Answer, Cap' Cromwell who 
has seen the goods) wil inform you further respecting them 

P. S. everything will be on Board the Plater early Tomorrow. 
She will be quite full the Cloth and Blankets (if purchas'd) mus : 
go at another Trip 



November [John Randall, Baltimore, to Col. Forrest] 

IS 

Sir Inclos'd is the bills (you wrote of) for the Cloth, with Re- 
ceipts for the payment of the money on each. 

Col. Smith's Cloth has arriv'd he has reserved It for more than a 
week past for the State, likewise a quantity of Blankets, he offers 
them reasonable I could wish the State would take them. I've wrote 
the Gov'' on the Subject mentioned the prices and wait for an 
Answer. 

M"" Faw has sent a parcel of oznabrig Shirts, the worst I ever 
saw and has not sent me the price, I wish you'd beg of the Gov'' 
not to let him go on making such vile things I am Really ashamd 
to take them up. 



Letters to the Council. 3^7 

[Rachel Gibson, wife of Woolman Gibson of Talbot County November 
Petition to Governor and Congress] '^ 

[Written by Rev. John Gordon, Rector of St. Michael's Parish 
and endorsed by him, Jonathan Gib.son, Joseph Bruff, John Broome, 
Richard Parrott, and William Gib.son, asking discharge of Jonathan 
Hopkins, her son by a former marriage who is " deficient in his 
intellect " and having " straggled away last winter was induced to 
enlist " on the Chester Galley. He is unfit for service and is exposed 
to the " Mockery & Insult of the Sailors and to the Hazard of being 
corrupted by their example and of learning the bad words."] 



[Owen Biddle, Asst. C. G. of Forage, Philada. to Col Henry 
Hollingsworth, D. C. G. F. Head of Elk] 

Sir I have receiv'd no Supply of forage from you, or thro' the November 
communication of Elk for a considerable time past; it is the occasion 'S 
of great distress with us, and makes me much alarm'd for the con- 
sequences; I was out of grain this morning at a Season when we 
ought to have 60,000 bushels in store at this place; What can be 
the reason, surely the credit of the department has not totally fail'd, 
nor the Stock of money sent you ? if it has send a Messenger on for 
some we cannot obtain a Supply for you, unless we are fully ac- 
quainted with your necessities ; I know you are embarrass'd about the 
extortionate price demanded, but our delay will not help the matter, 
I beg of you set every wheel to work, or we shall have a famine 
among our horses ; If it is possible for you to send on 10.000 bushels 
weekly untill the navigation is Stopped, we shall have occasion for 
it; for the sake of the army & our cause which depends on it, I 
doubt not but you will exert yourself ; 

[Geo P. Keeports, Baltimore to His Excellency November 

Thomas S. Lee Esqr.] ^5^^ ^^^^ 

As the Money sent up to me for Purchasing Linnen is all Ex- LeUer 
hausted and has been for some days, and I have made some Pur- No. 188 
chases which I am unable to Pay without a Further Supply. Your 
Excellency will Please to send my by Cap* Cromwell or Cap* Shel- 
merdine Five or Six Thousand Pounds for which I shall Account as 
soon as Its Possable for to make out my Accounts, which will be 
by the First of Next Week 

Shall be Glad to be Informed Wether I shall Continue the Pur- 
chase of Linnen and What shall do for Cloathing and Provision for 
the Soldiers at the Fort as they are Entirely Naked and the Pro- 
vision and Whiskey is All out. I have been oblidged to purchase 
Fresh Beef for them this day 



368 Journal and Correspondence. 

November [Wm. Lyles from Potomac to Gov Lee] 

[Requests approval of an appointment by Thomas Richardson of 
Georgetown, empowering him to purchase provisions to the Use of 
the U. S.] 
November [John Randall, Baltimore, to Gov Lee] 

Sir M*" Jefferies broke his word with me and sold the Cloths and 
Blankets before Cap' Cromwell returned. A more advantageous 
offer was too powerful, for narrow Soul to refuse I set of to Camp 
early in the morning without purchasing any thing here perhaps 
the goods we want may be had on better terms to the Northward of 
which I will advise you by letter. The Plater could not carry the 
whole of the Cloth & Cloathing, a part is left for the next trip I've 
thought proper to detain Serg' Neary to come with it 

I've Just been in company with a Cap' Ragsdale of Harrisons Reg' 
of Artillery he left the Maryland Incampment the 8"' Ins' he in- 
formed me our Troops was to Winter at Quebble Town about eight 
mile from Middle Brook he brought letters from Gen' Smallwood to 
Gov*" Johnson which he has sent to Fred'' he inform'd me likewise 
of the death of Cap' Gale of our Artillery 

N.B. Several hundred blankets might be bought here if you could 
think of giving the price you may depend our Troops Suffer very 
much for them & will get but few from the Continent 

November [Jesse Bennett to Governor] 

17 

Red Book [Complains that John Selby is no freeholder and consequently is 

,25 not qualified to be sheriff of Worcester County On Dec. 2, Bennett 
Nos. 46 & . , , , . 1 • T 

47 withdraws this complaint j 

November [Jacob Giles, Jun'r, Mount Pleasant Harford County to His 
0^7 Excellency Thomas S. Lee, Esqr.] 

^'^No^22 ^''" Iriclosed is my Commission for the Purchasing department 
p. 40 for this County. I beg therefore your License. You will see by the 
Date of my Commission I have been some time appointed and I have 
been acting ever Since without Licence from Gov*" Johnston which 
has not been my fault as I wrote to the Governor immediately & 
since but have received no answer. I have understood the reason 
why he did not License me was because I did not send down my 
Commission. The first Letter I received from Col Blane appointing 
me he omitted Inclosing the Commission but desires me to Write 
to the Governour and says he would also write to him which I thought 
sufficient as I knew the Governour could not have the least Objec- 
tion to my Appointment. I think myself somewhat 111 used in this 
Matter. Your License and a Return of My Commision by the Post 
will much oblidge Your very respectfuU Humble Servant 



Letters to the Council. 369 

[John Gordon, Independence Galley to Gov. Lee] November 

Sir At the bej^inninj'' of those troublesome times I for my own }^^ r^^^j^ 
part thought there was undoubtedly great honour to be fleriv'd N'o 22 
from being so honourably employd. I have now been allmost three x^, ^2 
years in the Galleys, first one, & the other, and now find I am forced 
to one worse than I was, when I first entered into the honourable 
Service; my waiting from one Session to the other avails nothing, 
as nothing has yet turnd out to my emolument. Must beg the favour 
of your Excellency to stand my friend respecting to the advancement 
of a Loan from the Treas^ as it has been frequently obtained by 
other officers in the Land Service. I should not have pressed to 
trouble your Excellency on the Subject was not my present Cir- 
cumstances truely distressing, my present pay being inadequate to 
Support a Wife and Family. Should I be so loucky as to be relieved 
through the benevolence of your Excellency, I shall with Allacrity 
return to the duty that becomes an Officer who cou'd wish to serve 
his Country at any time or any place. The request I hope my not 
appear to inormous when I mention the sum of £750 or £1000. I 
am much involv'd & coud wish to extricate myself from so disagree- 
able a Circumstance. 

An Interview w* your Ex^ wou'd be exceeding Satisfactory. 

[H. Hollingsworth D Q M G Head of Elk to His Excellency November 
Thomas Johnson Esqr] '^ 

Dear Governor The packett which comes Express by the Barer 
M"" Faris, met me yesterday near Chester (on my way to Philad^) 
with orders from IVf Rob' Morris to me to forward them from this 
place by a fast sailing Vessel and carefull Skipper to Portsmouth 
Virginia, or such other place as the French Fleet may then be at, as 
there is no such Vessel at this place at present and the wind such as 
will not admitt of any coming shortly, the Dispaches being for the 
Royal Navy of France of course of the greatest consequence, I have 
thought it advisable to dispatch an Express to you by way of Balti- 
more with a request to M'' Calhoon to forward them if convenient, 
the Dispatches consist of a large packet seal'd To Monsieur Count de 
Grasse Chief De Escadre & Cet. one Lesser D° To Monsieur Count 
D^Estang Vice Adm"^ & Cet. one Small Letter to Robert Smith Esq'' 
of Baltimore now at Portsmouth Virg^ which packet please to give 
or order a receipt to be given for. I mention this as M'' Farris is 
young in his present appointment, and doubt not of a ready convey- 
ance by one of your Boats to Portsmouth or as you may direct 

[H. Hollingsworth, D. Q. M. F. M. G., Head of Elk, to His November 

Excellency Thomas Johnson, Esqr.] 19 

Dear Sir As I have ever made it a point to acquaint you with the 
dificulty's that arose to the Public, and to my self as a public officer 
24 



370 Journal and Correspondence. 

November j^ the State where you preside, so now I am incouraged from your 
former condisention to acquaint your Excellency that the difficulty's 
I now every day experience in procuring Forage for the Army 
(which they are in the greatest want of) are truly alarming the 
more so as 'tis in the midst of plenty, to give a more full Idea of 
our situation I take the Liberty of inclosing a Copy of a letter 
this day receiv*^ from Col° Owen Biddle A. C. G of Forage at 
Philadelphia, by which you Avill be fully inform'd of the wants of 
the army, and at the same time I shall take the Liberty of informing 
you of the little prospect I have of supplying it, from which you 
will be enabled to Judge what is best to be done, and as our General 
Assembly is now Setting I flatter myself that some salutary meas- 
ures may be fallen on for their relief; IVf Biddle, your Excellency 
will observe requests ten thousand Bushels of Forage per week, I 
have not been able with every Industry in my power to furnish Him 
with five Hundred, nor even to supply this post sufficiently for their 
common dailey consumption, not that 'tis scarce but the people wont 
sell nor will the money buy produce long. I am now offering seven 
pounds ten shillings for Corn per Bushell, and five pounds for Oats, 
I can't think of giving more, as it appears to me that Corn and Oats 
at these prices, and wheat at the present price, that the whole money 
of the United States will not be Sufficient to purchase the produce 
of Maryland and Virginia for one season were the people willing to 
take it, but this is not the case they wont sell at all, and by holding 
back their grain intend to raise the prices still higher, if this is 
suffered to goe on, you may lay and welcome the planters and 
Farmers will evaid all taxes, as they have these heretofore lay'd by 
raising their produce in produce in proportion to the taxes, and we 
the purchasers are oblig'd from necessatys of the Army to com- 
ply with Exorbitant demands ; I would not dare to say so much on 
this subject which your Excellency is so much better acquainted with 
than myself did I not recollect that the Squalling of a Goose once 
saved a great City, and in fact I am so distressed that I know not 
what next to do; could we once get a supply for a few months before 
hand, so that we could be at liberty whether to give those prices or 
not it would give me comfort, but that is not the case we must give 
what they ask or Starve (I see no remedy) but that of laying a part 
of the Tax in produce which I am informed has been done in Vir- 
ginia, though this may seem hard at first, yet doubtless it would 
be puting mony in the Peoples pocketts (on the whole) as it would 
assist to fill our Magazines and relieve our emediate necessities, by 
which we should be put to on a standing so as to deal on a square 
footing with the Planters or Farmers, and in the end not only produce 
of every kind, but wages and even imported articles must fall 

Thus Sir I have taken the liberty to make you acquainted with 
our wants and given my thoughts on a remedy, a sthe wants they are 



Letters to the Council. 371 

real, and if the remedy should be eronious 'tis my mistake, which N'ovcmbci 
I am emboldend to ocer from your former inrlulgencies "-' 

[Richard Graves to Gov. I^e] 

[Asks pass for Col. Chalmers's lady. Graves has not met Ijcc. 
Her eldest son is about to leave New York for England for edu- 
cation and she wishes to see him and her husband in New York. 
Last Fall she had a pass from the Council of Safety of Philadelphia 
to go to New York and went to Klizabethtown with Mr. Lewis, 
who was a member of Congress, but returned thence, having learned 
that the Colonel had embarked for the West Indies. She is a " Lady 
of Fortune " and has " since the absence of her hu.sband conducted 
herself in such a manner as to endear herself to all those with whom 
she hath been acquainted."] 

[Chas. Thomson Secry, Secretary's Office to Gov. Lee] Xovembcr 

20 
Sir I take the liberty of transmitting you a duplicate of an Act Red Book 

of Congress passed the 16"' March 1778 the utility of which is Leuer 
apparent : And as it may be proper and necessary that you should No. 90 
be informed of the several acts and proceedings of Congress, I have 
herewith sent you a copy of their Journal from the first of January 
last, and shall continue to send you from time to time their weekly 
publications. On the other hand as a communication of your acts 
may be advantageous, and lodging them in this office for the informa- 
tion of the delegates of the other States beneficial to the union, and 
tend to facilitate the transmitting to prosperity the use and progress 
of these infant States, I take the liberty of requesting you to trans- 
mit to this office a copy of the constitution or form of government 
adopted by your State upon the declaration of Independance, and of 
all the public acts passed by your legislation since that period. If you 
can add any pamphlets or documents relative to the controversy 
and revolution, they shall be carefully deposited and preserved, and 
thereby you may do an acceptable service to posterity and oblige 
Sir Your very humble Servant 

[Sam Smith Bait to Gov. Lee] Xovember 

Sir Permit me to Congratulate you. on proper Respect being Red Book- 
paid to your Merit, in your late promotion,, may your first years ^°^.~^ 
Government be made memorable by a peace with Great Britain. Xo. 39 

The Sloop Molly Cap* Peregrine Dunk goes this Day to Joppa £fber c C 
to lade with flour for the State of Virginia, I beg your ExcelP'^ per- ^'o. 22 
mit to Clear her out. I mentioned to the late Governor, the Expences ^"^^ 
attending the sending to Annapolis for a permit to every Vessell, 
if it could be dispens'd with, I should be much oblig'd . . .any Mer- 
cantile Business the State may have occasion for, I shall be glad to 



372 Journal and Correspondence. 

Red Book transact, any favors of this sort from your Excell^ will be con- 
No. 22 ferring an obligation on Your Exceliy^ M° Obed' Serv* 

NB. I inclose you the Q"" Master of York's Rec* for 37 B'''^^ 
flour which I flatter myself will do to Cancell my Bond, if so pray 
send orders p Bearer 

November t^" Hollingsworth D. Q. M. G. Head of Elk to His Excellency, 
25 the Governor in Council] 

Dear Sir by Express from the Board of war and Q. M. G. I am 
requested to prepare twenty good bay Craft for the transporting a 
number of Troops from this place to join our Southern Army as 
soon as possible, as that quantity of craft can't be had imediately 
hear. I have thought it most advisable to send to Baltimore and 
least I should fail then apply to your Excellency in Council, for 
such of the State Boats, or other craft as can be procured : I need 
not mention that business requires secrecy and the utmost dispatch, 
all the water Casks that can be had at any rate will be wanted, as we 
have none here, the craft that comes from Annapolis and Baltimore 
must bring all that can possibly be had. I expect the troops hear 
by the first of next week or middle at furthest 



November 



[Jere. Banning Na. OfTr 7''' Dist, Talbot, to His Excellency 

25 Thos Sim Lee] 

No. 25 May it please your Excellency 

Letter In my clearing out vessels from this Part, there hath been one 
application only for an extra quantity of provisions for hands in- 
tended to be shiped abroad, this I have permitted, but whether I 
am right in so doing am at a loss to know, therefore beg you will 
instruct me therein. I forgot to mention. That the vessel is intended 
to be fitted out as a Ship of War in the West Indies. 

Novemb r ^^^^ Calhoun D. O. M. G'l, Baltimore, to His Excellency 

26 Thomas Sim Lee Esqr] 

Sir I this moment rec*^ a Letter from Col° Hollingsworth p 
bearer informing me that a number of Craft would be wanted at the 
Head of Elk immediately for the transportation of Troops to the 
Southward and as I am apprehensive it will be impossible to get 
many without impressing must therefore request an Order from 
Your Excellency and Council for that purpose by this Express 

I yesterday rec'^ a Letter from the Board of War informing me 
that a number of sick and wounded French Troops would be sent to 
Baltimore for their recovery and Docf Bond is come down to make 
provision for their reception we will be very hard pushed to find 
places for their accomodation & will be under the necessity of apply- 
ing to Your Excellency & Council for those Barracks at the Fort 



Letters to the Council. 373 

& probably for further assistance in this matter but as 1 am not fully N'oveml>cr 
posted of what will be necessary to know of this Subject shall defer ^ 
writing fully until I have a further conference with Docf Honrl in 
the mean time am in the greatest hurry Your Excellency Most 
Obed' H'"' Serv' 

[Jno Bolton, Chestertown, to His Excellency, Thomas Sim Lee] November 

Sir At the request of Thomas Johnson Esq"" our late Governor Red Book 
I have furnished the Recruiting Parties belonging to this State with Lc^uer^ 
Provisions, for which I am abligd to pay the ready Cash out of No. 42 
my own Pockett; this I have continued to do most of the time since 
the Commencement of the War, I was in the Year 1777 in advance 
for the State above two thousand Pounds, above one half of which 
I lay out of more than a Year & then had it paid to me in Loan 
Ofifice Certificates, which prevented my supplying my Store with 
Goods to carry on my Business, but that was not my greatest Loss, 
the Depretiation of the money was a much greater, & that is now so 
rapid that I think it is necessary I should either be furnished by the 
State with Money to Purchase, or Provisions to serve the Soldiers, 
or must beg leave to decline serving them any longer. On Setling 
my aeco* in August last I was near thirteen hundred Pounds in 
Advance, which tho it was but a few months arising yet the Depritia- 
tion was so great that it sunk a great part of the Vallue. 

I have since that time advanced near five hundred Pounds & that 
is daily increasing & my Wages since that time will not bear my 
Expences to Annapolis to settle my Acco** & the longer I lay out 
of the money the more it depreciates ; I must therefore intreat you 
will either get some other person appointed to Issue Provisions to 
the Soldiers, or supply me with money to buy. or direct the Com- 
issary General to supply me with Provisions for that purpose either 
of which will oblige Sir Your most h^'^ serv* 

[C. Downes to William Bruff, Esqr Annapolis] November 

At the Request of the Court The Court rec'd a Comm of the Red Book 
Peace for the County also one for the Orphan's Court, both came No. 25 
to hand open & unsealed, a few Days ago, And as the Court Ap- No. 76 
prehend a mistake must be in the Omitting the name of one of their 
Brethren in the Comm of the Peace for the County Co* (M*" Clem* 
Sewell) whereby they think the Public is injured, and him much 
insulted, and are of Opinion that his Excellency has been much 
imposed upon in the recommendation, we also Apprehend that 
another mistake is made in respect to M'' Chas. Price, who we think 
is named instead of M"^ Jas. Price Kt. Island, as its absolutely 
necessary there should be two Justices on the Island, And as they 
think the emergency of business for the Public welfare make it neces- 
sary for another Magistrate in the the upper Part of the County, as 



374 Journal and Correspondence. 

Red Book well in the Neighbour*^ of Queen's Town we therefore beg leave to 
^°-^5 mention M"" Tho^ Fitzsimmons and M"" Benjamin Sudler, And if 
you think more will be necessary for the conveniency of the Publick, 
as well for the Executing the Laws &c in Our County, we cheer- 
fully submit the appointm*^ of those menf* as well others to your 
Consideration, and request the fav. of you to lay the said Comm, 
as well your Recommendation before his Excellency, and pray for 
an Alteration, we have adjourned the Court untill the 15**^ of Dec. 
next when we hope to have the Comffi returned. 

P. S. You'l Please observe to his Excell^ that M"" Carradine is 
moved out of the State and M'' Phil. Downes of the County. 

November [Jas Calhoun D. Q M. Gl Baltimore to His Excellency 

^° Thomas S. Lee Esqr] 

Sir I wrote Your Excellency on friday that a number of Vessels 
were wanted at Elk to transport Troops to the Southward, since 
which I have used my utmost endeavours to procure what were 
necessary and have got same but the owners are so extravagant in 
their demands that I am distressed to know what to do they ask 
at least 30/ p day for every Ton Burthen 

I wish our Legislature would make some provision for procuring 
Vessels and Carriages on any emergency the former rates allow'd by 
it is by no means adequate to the prices of other things and on the 
other hand people take advantage of any sudden and urgent necessity 
for Craft or Teams. I hope your Excellency and Council will pardon 
me if I take the liberty to request you will please mention this 
matter to the Assembly who probably will make some alteration in 
the present law. 

We have no farther acco' of the sick and Wounded French Troops 
since I had the honor of writing your Excellency last, and are in 
hopes they will be provided for in Virginia especially if no more 
arrives than what came in two Ships which are all we yet hear of 
being in our Bay. Should they come to Baltimore the Board of War 
hath requested me to apply to Your Excellency & Council for the 
use of the Barracks at the Fort. Docf Bond deputy Director Gen' 
of the Hospitals has been with me to View them and his opinion is 
they will not accomodate more than 60 or 70 Men. We have had 
a House on Rent in Town which has been occasionally occupied 
as an Hospital and as Barracks and will hold nearly the same number 
as those at the Fort but this House is greatly out of repair I have 
given orders to have it fitted up but can scarcely get a Workman to 
do anything many of our Mechanicks have left the Town & others 
turned Speculators so that we are difficulted to get the most trifling 
matter done especially of Carpenters work. 

Should the number of these Troops come that we expected they 
will require more room than these two places and am afraid the 



Letters to the Council. 375 

owners of Houses will be very unwilling to let sick & wounded Men November 
into them and our Law for quartering Troops doth not extend to 3'' 
those of our allies therefore am fearful we will be put to a good deal 
of difficulty in providing them comfortable houses and common 
humanity as well as policy oblidges us to do every thing for them 
in our power 

[Pet° of the Gallymen To his Excellency the Governor and the December 
Honourable Council of the State of Maryland] 

The Petition of we the Subscribers most humbly Sheweth 

That your petitioners are now employed in the Service of the 
Gallies belonging to this State, that they have applied to their Officers 
for Cloaths but have not yet been able to get any. that the Inclem- 
ency of the winter Season renders them incapable of doing their 
duty on board their respective vessels unles they are Supplied with 
necessary apparels Your petitioners likewise set forth that they 
have now four months wages due to them all which they hope 
your Excellency and Honour's will take into your Consideration 
And your petitioners in Duty will ever pray Tho^ Smith 

[H. Hollingsworth D. Q. M. G. to His Excellency the Governor December 

in Council] 

And please Your Excellency & Honours. Yesterday Arrived 
hear General Hoggan with the North Carolina Brigade as p my 
advice of the 2^^^ Novem'' I have Vessels, provisions, wood, water 
Casks and every other necessary prepared for them, so that I Expect 
they will Embark this day or tomorrow as may suite them best, last 
night I received a Letter Express from the Hono'^'^ Board of War 
of which you have a Coppy Inclosed. I have only to Inform you, 
that no such quantity of Vessels nor have I a prospect of getting 
the number wanted, must therefore Intreat your Excellency and 
Honours will take such order in this matter as to you may seem 
Meet, at the same time every thing in my power shall be done, but 
when I consider that almost all the Vessels traiding to this place 
are already taken up, to transport General Hoggans Brigade it 
renders it impossible for me to procure a Sufficient number of 
Craft here, I shall wright the Honourable Board tomorrow Express, 
acquainting them of my want of Casks which expect will be fur- 
nished chiefly from there, but shall be glad to Except any from your 
Honours that may be convenient 

[Joseph Robinson of the Island of Bermuda memorial To His December i 
Excellency Thomas S. Lee Esq*" Governor of the State of 
Maryland and to his Honorable Council] 

That your Memorialist being acquainted there was a Law passed 
in this State authorizing, your Excellency & Council to permit the 



376 Journal and Correspondence. 

December i Inhabitants of Bermuda, under certain restrictions to carry Corn 
from this State for the relief of the distressed Inhabitants of that 
Island in Consequence of which your Memorialist procured a Vessel 
with one Thousand Bushels Salt, and proceeded to Baltimore where 
he has safely landed the full Qnt^ and is in no doubt but it will be 
properly distributed to the Inhabitants of the State. Your Me- 
morialist therefore begs permission to ship Corn agreeable to Law, 
and also to be indulged with taking a less Qnt^ of Corn, and be per- 
mitted to carry a small Qnt^' of other provision instead of Corn, as 
the Inhabitants of that distressed Island exists by Trade, of which 
at this unhappy Period they are precluded, and for want of the 
necessaries for the support of Life some hundreds of them have 
actually perished 

Your Memorialist relying on the Philanthropy of your Excellency 
and Council, hopes the Indulgence he prays for will be granted 

November Baltimore 30* Nov'' 1779 

3° We the Subscribers do certify, that Cap* Joseph Robison has landed 
One Thousand Bushels of Salt at this Place, and hope proper en- 
couragement will be given Adventurers, especially the Inhabitants of 
Bermuda to bring in that necessary Article, as the natural Conse- 
quence will be a reduction of the Price 
W™ Spear Jesse Hollingsworth 

December 6 [Joseph Robinson, Baltimore, to Gov. Lee] 

Inclosed I have sent you the Oaths I have and my People have 
Taken. Your Excellency will Please to Favour me with a Licence 
for Taking a Load of Corn by the Barer Cap* John Lorah. the 
Name of my Vessel is Sloop Unity Burthened about 40 Ton manned 
with 8 men and 2 Guns She is a Remarkable Fast Sailor 
Baltimore County ss : 

I hereby Certify that Capt. Joseph Robison, Benjamin Tarrel, 
St. George Frety, Solamon frety, John Grafford, Negro Richard 
and Robin, Severally have taken the Oath, prescribed in an Act 
of Assembly to prohibite for a Limited time the Exportation of 
Wheat &c which is required in Section Seventeen, Chapter Seven. 
Before me this 6* day December 1779 

George Lindenberger 

December i [^ph Blaine D. C. G. Susquehanna Ferry, to Govr Lee] 

^^^N?)°25 May it Please your Excellency M"" Rich<^ Dallam who was one 
Letter of your agents appointed to purchase flour last spring return'd me 
°' ^'^ a Quantity upon hand equal to four Hundred barrels which he had 
ground but could not obtain casks to pack it. I find he is now pre- 
paring to Deliver it to M*" Smith agent for the french consul in 



Letters to the Council. 377 

Baltimore Town also his late purchases — as my wants for feeding ^^ Book 
the Army is so great and a very few days will Stop the navigation 
in Chesapeak bay and Delaware with Ice, and my Principle depen- 
dance is in feedinjs;- the Army untill the first of march next with 
flour from your State — and as I have Every Reason to believe 
the french Consul has Double the Quantity he was Licenced to 
purchase, Requests your Excellency and council to order M"" Dal- 
lam to deliver over all his former and late purchases of flour and 
wheat under your Directions to M'' Jacob Giles who has my Instruc- 
tions to forward the same to head of Elk without a moments delay. 
Shall inform you fully by next post my prospects of feeding the 
Army the Quantity of flour upon hand and what my expectations are 
respecting future suplies. 

[John Randall, Morristown, to His Excelcy Thomas Sim Lee Esqr.] December 3 

Sir I arrivd here two days ago with the Cloathing Sent from 
Maryland at which place our Troops arrived this Morning and are 
preparing to Build their Hutts for the Winter. I've got a House, 
ready and am to be furnish'd with the Taylors to make up the Over- 
alls immediately 

I could purchase nothing in Philadelphia, the Continental agents 
purchase everything fit for the army. Our whole dependence is on 
the State for the deficiency of the two Thousand Overalls, Shirts 
& Sacks, with all the Shoes, Stockings and Blankets you can pos- 
sibly procure, at least twelve hundred of the latter are wanted and 
our men Suffering exceedingly for want of them 

[Col. Rawlings, Fort Frederick to Gov Lee] December 3 

Sir I have the Hon"" to Inform your Excellency that the Board 
of War Intends sending to this Garrison four Hundred Prisoners, 
and they begg I would Solicit y*" Excellency for a Guard of Militia, 
but as I dont expect the Prisoners wil larrive before the first of 
January it will be needless to have them here sooner. 

y Ex'^^ will please order up a Comp^ at that time as I have wrote 
to the Board that I shall then be ready to receive the Prisoners. 

I am very Certain the Militia will never answer this purpose, for 
they vs^ill not Subject themselves to such Close duty as will be neces- 
sary to prevent the prisoners from getting away which would mor- 
tify me very much to see one of them make their escape from us, 
altho they do it dayly, owing to our great Humanity, which in my 
opinion is misplaced. 

I would begg leave to recommend raising a Standing Guard for 
this purpose which I think might be done with propper encourage- 
ment, that is 200 Dollars from the State, Congress is willing to 
allow Cloathing & Cont' pay 



378 Journal and Correspondence. 

Red Book Indeed it will be very hard on the Militia of our State to furnish a 
N°- 25 Guard here all the Year. 

M*" Reid who is charg'd with this is on his way to Philadelphia 
in order to forward the Prisoners. 



December 4 [Stephen West, Woodyard, to the Council] 

Red Book 

No. 24 Honourable Gentlemen In consequence of some Conversation 

No.^i with His Excellency The Governor & The Honourable M"" Carroll 
See I send two pairs of stockings fine yarn & worsted as samples, the 
' ^No. 22 yarn are double and the worsted, many of them are 4*^"^^ none less than 
P-44 3, & are all very good & fit for Camp where I understand they are 
much wanted. I saw 2 days ago a M"" May and another Trader from 
Philadelphia who assured me that such Stockings were selling at 70 
dollars a pair there, having risen from 50 dollars which was the 
price when M"' Mercer left that City. I have two principal induce- 
ments for giving your Honourable Board the present Trouble ; Con- 
tributing to the Relief of the wants of our Army & raising Money 
to pay my Taxes. I can furnish about 100 to 200 pairs, which if 
they suit are at your Service at the Medium price given to others 
for such; for in fact I know not how to set a price upon them or 
any article adequate to the present Lines. I was compelled yesterday 
to give 1000 £ for 20 Bushells of Salt to supply my family & every 
article by The Ship General Washington is sold at the same pro- 
portion. 

December 4 [Walter Hanson to Gov. Lee.] 

[As George Dent and Warren Dent, Judges of the Orphan's Court 
for Charles County, will not qualify, he requests new appointments 
and recommends Walter Hanson Jenifer and Richard Barnes, as 
" fit persons for that purpose " ; for from their readiness to do public 
business and their convenient situation, we have good reason to 
expect their constant attendance and assistance."] 

December 6 [Jas Calhoun D.O.M.G. Baltimore to His Excellency Governor Lee] 

Sir Having heard nothing farther from the French Troops, we 
begin to conclude none of them will be sent here which will relieve 
us from a great deal of trouble as we were by no means prepared 
for this reception 

The bearer of this Docf Thomas Bond Dep^' Director Gen^ of the 
Hospitals came here in expectation that it would be necessary to 
Establish an Hospital for the above mentioned purpose but being 
now of opinion his presence will not be wanted here on that occa- 
sion he is desirous of paying Annapolis a Visit before his return I 
therefore take the liberty to introduce him to Your Excellency. 



Letters to the Council. 379 

[Geo. P. Keeports, Baltimore to Gov. I^c] December 6 

Red Book 
May It Please Your Excellency on my Return here Saturday No. 20 

Morning I Serch'd the Stores in Town and have Found in Mess" n^.'^qo 

Sterling and Alcocks Store 48 Largest Best lilanketts (oj £ \oo 

Each. Mess" Hughs & Williamsons Store 28 d" a Size Smaller (oj, 

£70 Each and at another Store in Town d'' a £80 Each. I have 

Bo' the 28 & the Five at the Prices and have Engaged the 48 of 

Sterling & Alcock for which I am to pay them by thursday Next 

If not they have the Liberty of Disposing of them otherwise there is 

About 60 more Blanketts in Town of Different Sizes those that are 

of the Size & Quallity of them I have Engaged of S & Alcock they 

Ask 300 Dollars p*" peice and some of the small Size but Good 

Blanketts a £ 60 p*" peice which Prices I have Thought too High to 

make a Purchase of without Advice 

The £5000 I Received Last did but Little more then pay the Bal- 
lance I owed Hatters and for 136 Hats more then I had made a 
Return of in my Account. I have the Favour of the Barer Capt. 
John Lorah to Wait on your Excellency with this Letter by whom 
you will Please to send me more Money to Enable me to Comply with 
the Payments I have Engaged to Make. 

I did not meet with that Success Purchasing Linnen Saturdaj 
Last I Expected there was but a Few Yards Bro* to Market and the 
Price they Ask'd from £8.. 10 to 9.. 10 p'' y"^ 

There is some Irish Linnen of yard Wide may be Bo' from 
£8.. 10 to 9.. 10 p*" yard If It wou'd do at the price the Quallity will 
Answer. 

There is about 30 Pair of Good Buck Skin Breeches to be had @ 
£70 p"" pair which will Come Cheaper then Cloth Breeches Linned 
Throughout with Linnen and be much more Serviceable 

Your Excellency will Please to Advise me if I am to Purchase 
any Irish Linnen and the Breeches at the Price 

NB. There is about 600 yards of Coarse \ y^ Brown Cloth & 
Coating to be had the Coating will Answer for Sacks S: Come @ 
£17.. 10 p'' y"^ and the Cloth will do for overalls Comes @ £7.. 10 

pryd 

[Jacob Giles Junr. A. C. of Ps. Mount Pleasant, to His Excellency December 8 
Thos. Sim Lee Esqr] 

Sir Your favour of the 19*'^ Ult. I duly received would have 
been glad could you have supplyed me with some Cash as it is 
impossible to get supplyed fast enough from Philadelphia, however 
I Can go on no faster that I am supplyed as People in general wont 
trust an Hour, our Navigation being impeded by the Ice so soon 
this Season is an unfortunate circumstance as it Prevents supplys 



380 Journal and Correspondence. 

December 8 being got forward that was expected. I hope to God our Assembly 
will do something to retreive the Credit of our Currency as People on 
all Hands are knocking it down every day. Col Blane hinted to me 
on his way up that M"" Rich<i Dallam had exhibited some Charges 
against the Commissarys to Baltimore & Harford if any Charges 
are exhibited against me I shall much oblidged to your Excellency 
for a Copy of them as I am conscious of no misdemeanor in my 
Department, but would wish every Public Officers conduct should 
scrutinised. M"" Dallam I make no Doubt will, shall therefore be 
silent untill such a Scrutiny happens and then the Cause of the rise 
of Grain in this County will be fixed on the right Person. 

December 8 [John Dorsey and Company to Gov Lee] 

We will charter two Briggs, equal in Goodness & fast Sailing 
to any on the Continent, one carries 8 four Pounders and the other 
10, with small arms Pikes, Cutlasses &c^ to carry flour to any Part of 
the West Indies, the Briggs shall be well manned and compleatly 
fitted and found for the Voyage We will take one half of the Cargoe 
for the Freight to the Port of Delivery and will bring back one 
half of the Load or Cargo for the State and agreeable to orders. 
We will Purchase the Load of Flour on the Usual Commission (and 
if necessary advance the Purchase money) and we will send a dis- 
creet Sensible young Gentleman of mercantile Knowledge to transact 
the Business in the West Indies each Brig will carry about 600 
Barrels of Flour 

600 Barrels of Flour will cost say — £60,000 

300 for Freight 300 for the State will bring in the West Indies four 
half loes per Barrel, which will amount to £3.600 Gold, this sum laid 
out in Goods and brought to the Continent, at 80 for one (which is 
less per Barrel, which will amount to £3.600 Gold, this sum laid out in 
Goods and brought to the Continent, at 80 for one (which is less 
than the current Price) will amount to £288.000 Continental Money, 
by this Calculation the State will only risque £60.000 when the 
Owner of the Vessel will risque his Vessel and outfits, which will 
amount to £120.000. The Owner of the Vessel will also have to pay 
at least £750 in Gold, in the West Indies for Seaman's Wages, and 
other Disbursements, this will reduce the Owner of the Vessel his 
half of the Sales of the Flour to £2,850 which brought here will 
bring £228.000 By the above Calculation which we believe to be 
just, the Owner of the Vessel risques Double the Sum to Sea 
(not only to but from the West Indies that the State does, and the 
State, if the Vessel returns will receive a Profit of £60.000 more 
than the Proprietor of the Vessel. 

We have some Coarse Cloths to the amount of about £25.000 
which will Cost about £26 p yard, which we will sell to the State 



Letters to the Council. 38 1 

[Tim Pickering, By order of the Board, Philadelphia war office to December 8 

Gov. I^e] g=,^^^ (-. c 

Sir Yours of the 2'' inst was duly received, The North Carolina p 42 
brigade is gone down the River on their way to the head of Elk. The 
Virginia troops will follow. It is necessary that you make provision 
therefore for the transportation of two thousand Men, besides the 
North Carolina brigade, the latter you will dispatch as soon as they 
arrive. The Virginians may be at Elk in Ten or Twelve days. Some 
exertion will be requisite on your part, write us of your prospects; 
and mention the number of water cask (if any) that will be neces- 
sary to be sent with the Virginia troops, during the ten or Twelve 
days mentioned, the craft you collect for the Virginia troops may 
be employed in any short trips ; but you will be sure to have them 
ready by that time. We hope there will be no failure in procuring 
the number wanted. 

P. S. the enemy ought not to know of the passing these troops 
down the Bay : if it can be let it be a Secret, till they are all embarked 

[Eph Blaine D. C. G. Philadelphia to Govr Lee] December 8 

Red Book 

Sir The distresses of the Army for want of Bread and my great j^'o- 25 
fears respecting their present & future supply will sufficiently Ap- No. 44 
pologize for my troubling your Excellency & Council so often with 
the Business of my Department. 

The depreciated State of our Currency, the Spirit of Monopoly 
which so generally prevails with mankind, & the temper of the 
Farmers to hold back from Sale such produce as they have to spare, 
is very alarming and makes me dread a Disolution of the Army for 
want of Bread, indeed I despair of being able to procure one third 
of the quantity demanded for the ensuing Years Supply on any 
terms without the aid of the Legislative Authorities, and the most 
vigorous measures adopted to secure every Bushel of Wheat & Bar- 
rel of Flour either in the Speculators or Millers Possession & pro- 
curing the residue which is to spare. The IMillers & Speculators in 
your State have I presume bought up considerable Quantities, I 
wish it could be secured and means taken to stop their future pur- 
chases while the wants of the Army are so great 

As the Season is now at hand in which the Navigation of Chese- 
peak & Delaware will be obstructed with Ice & cut off all Com- 
munication of Supplies by Water which is the only easy mode of 
transporting Provisions towards Camp. 

I have some time ago given directions to my Assistants in your 
& Delaware State, to rise their utmost exertions to forward every 
ounce of Flour in their Possession before the 20*^ Instant & have to 
request your Excellency & Council to order the State Commissioners 



382 Journal and Correspondence. 

Red Book which were appointed last Spring & this Fall, to deliver over to my 
No. 25 Assistants all Flour which remains in their Possession, who have 
directions to forward the same. 

M"" Dallam has been lately delivering IVP Smith (Agent for the 
French Consul) a considerable quantity of Flour which I expected, 
it is very hard that his Magazines should be fill'd with Flour when 
I can assure your Excellency our Army has been seven Days without 
Bread, and preparing to go into Winter Quarters with empty Maga- 
zines, the Idea distresses me exceedingly. 

Your Excellency & Council will please to take these matters into 
your most serious Consideration & adopt such measures as will 
enable my Assistants to obtain all the spare Flour in State else the 
Army will undoubtedly Suffer. 

I was happy when at Annapolis in finding your Honourable As- 
sembly disposed to render every Aid to procure the quota of Flour 
& to detect all kind of Monopoly of Provisions, which will be of 
infinite service to the public 

December 8 [Conrad T. Wederstrandt Kent Island to His Excellency 

Red Book Thomas Sim Lee Esquire] 

No. 24 
Letter Sir Aquila Brown has my direction to purchase what good beef 

°'^ he can on this Island : He will in a day or two wait on your Excel- 
lency and inform you of what he can do therein or write you on the 
Subject. He thinks there is but little quantity to be had and I have 
desired him to buy what he can deliver at Broad creek ferry not 
exceeding a dollar p pound. M*" Rawlins says he will send it over & 
deliver it at M"" CrissoU's office for twenty dollar -p beef or five 
dollars p quarter. I think his terms high, If you please to send a 
Vessel for it or accept his terms, please to inform M'' Brown who 
will not neglect to procure the beef on the best terms as soon as 
possible. I shall immediately on the main endeavour to execute as 
much of your order as will be in my power & on the best terms I 
can. Should the quantity M'' Brown procure here & that I buy on 
main exceed your order I shall take the overplus on the account of 
the United States, if you should not want it, and will if agreeable 
pay M*" Crissoll for securing it and furnish him Salt to do it. M"^ 
Brown will want money to pay for the purchase he makes which I 
hope you'll have in your power to order to him 

•P, . [Conrad T. Wederstrandt, Queen Ann's County to His Excellency 

Red Book Thomas Sim Lee Esquire] 

No. 24 
Letter Sir John Beale Bordley Esquire being in Philadelphia and the 

^°' ^ Superintendent of his farm on a Journey that way I can't purchase 

his beeves 'till he returns and perhaps not at all, as I am told they 

are to be disposed otherwise, which I shall know as soon as I see 



Letters to the Council. 383 

the Farmer who is dayly expected at home, of W" Paca Rsq''s Red Book 
Farmer I have engaged 3000* weight of beef at 7/6'' [/ lb and wait ^'^-^^ 
for Capt" Gordon's coming to have the beeves slaughtered and 
dehvered. I applyed to Edw"^ Tilghman Esquire but his price for 
beef now being los -p tb soon exix:cting 12/6'' and not wilHng to 
kill for any man till the cash for the Supposed weight is counted 
down; I could not treat with him. perhaps I shall be more fortunate 
on application to other persons I am on my way to see : but such 
precedent is very hurtful as well as that of purchasing pork at eighty 
pounds Continental Currency -p hundred weight and the use of the 
market on which terms private Pensons dealt here yesterday for 
about Two thousand weight of it and which I unrlerstand The 
purchaser buy for his own use. It has such an effect on me, that I 
wish with all my heart I had not undertook the publick purchases 
and how to proceed I am intirly at a loss, for I am credibly informed 
M"" Barnaby living at Oxford has given twenty pounds Continental 
Currency p bushel for wheat, and what can be intended by such a 
conduct but the ruin of the common cause ; I am sorry to mention it 
to your Excellency, but I think my duty obliges me to do it, with- 
out proper support. Instructions and great deal of Cash, I foresee 
my utmost endeavours must prove unsuccessful and the necessary 
Supplies can't be procured. 

I have the honour to be Your Excellency's most obed' humble 
Servant 

[De la Luzerne, Philadelphia, to " Mr. le Gouvr du Maryland "] December 

12 
Monsieur I'ai I'honneur de Vous adresser copie d'un rapport qui 

vient d'arriver de New York et sur lequel on peut faire fond, les 
vaisseaux de S. M. et autres batimens qui sout actuellement dans la 
Baye de Chesapeak paroissent reellement menaces par la flotte et les 
troupes de debarquement qui sout a Sandyhook. Je ne puis dans 
cette circonstance que recourrir aux bons offices de Votre Excellence, 
et rempli de confiance dans le bonnes dispositions que Vous avez deja 
manifestees, je Vous supplie de Vouloir bien Vous concerter avec 
M. le M^ de Vaudreuil ou tout autre ofificier commandant les Vais- 
seaux ou un Vaisseau de S. M. dans la Baye de Chesapeak et de lui 
procurer les moyens de mettre etat de defTense le poste qu'il aura 
choisi. 

I'ai re^u. Monsieur, la lettre dont Vous m'avez honnore le 3. de 
ce mois. L'ai ete bien sensible aux temoiguages qu'elle contient, et 
je Vous prie de vouloir bien en marquer ma reconnoissance aux 
representans de I'etat dont Vous etes Gouverneur Je n'ai pas de 
nouvelles de I'arrivee de M"" le C de Grasse dans Votre Baye, mais 
je suis bien siir d'avance des preuves d' affection et d'amitie que cet 
officer ou tout autre Comand"" frangois recevra de Vous et des habi- 



384 Journal and Correspondence. 

December tans du Maryland, et je regarde conune un bonheur toutes les occa- 
^^ sions qui se presentent de consolider I'union qui existe entre les 
deux nations. Je ferai part a M"" Gerard des choses obligeantes dout 
Vous me chargez pour lui, et j'espere que mon attachement pour 
I'Amerique unie justiffiera celles que Vous avez bien voulu m'adres- 
ser. 

Je suis avec un respectueux attachement Monsieur De Votre Ex- 
cellence le tres humble et tres obeissant Serviteur 

December [Stephen West Woodyard to Thomas Johnson Esquire Clerk of 

^ ,„ 14 the Council] 

Red Book -" 

No. 24 Sir I have but iust now received The Answer of The Governor 
Letter 
No. 4 & Council to my offer of some Stockings for the use of The Army. 

See J commend very much these Honourable Gentlemen for their Care 
Dec. 14 in purchasing as cheap as may be for the publick but I fear their 
good intentions will not work a reduction of prices till a general 
Regulation takes place. I feel, most woefully, the exorbitance of 
the Times, and am compelled, from mere necessity & self preser- 
vation, to obtain prices, in some degree proportionate. I wish I was 
able to give to the Army the necessaries they want, but that un- 
happily, is not the Case with me. I am informed that Our Executive 
gave 120/ per Livre at the foot of an Invoice from France; If so I 
am certain my stockings woud amount to more than 50 dollars a 
pair, as they woud Cost upwards of 3 Livres ; and as the lowest price 
at Philadelphia for such is 50 dollars, I think my self well warranted, 
from those & the Circumstances of every thing round me to expect 
the same rates the Continental Cloathiers are giving, However to 
avoid unnecessary trouble to Their Honours I am willing to meet 
them half way ; They offer 35 dollars ; I think the Corr' Prices lately 
for such have been, & are at least, 50, the medium is 42^ & under 
our Present Circumstances, there can be no doubt of the propriety 
of His Excellency & Their Honours allowing me that price which 
I have reasons to believe is Comparatively low. 

December [Sam Huntington, President, Philadelphia to His Excellency 

Red Book Governor Johnson] 

•r^°-^ Sir Your Excellency will receive herewith enclosed two acts of 
No. 86 Congress of the 11"^ instant and one other Act of this day; by which 
you will be inform'd that Congress have determin'd to call upon 
the several States to furnish their Quotas of such supplies as may 
from time to time be wanted for carrying on the war taking due care 
to suit the conveniencies of the several States and the articles by them 
respectively furnished shall be credited towards their quotas of the 
monies they are called upon to raise for the United States at equal 
prices for articles of the same kind & quality and for others in due 



Letters to the Council. 385 

proportion, and the accounts finally adjusted so as to do equity to Red Book 
all the States. ^''-^ 

By the separate act of the 1 1'^ inst. you will observe the Quantity 
at present requested from the State of Maryland is five thousand 
barrels of flour & five thousand barrels of indian corn, in addition 
to the fifteen thousand barrels of flour heretofore required It is the 
desire of Congress that each State should use all possible economy 
& dispatch in procuring the Articles requested of them. 

So soon as Congress are inform'd that the several States can & 
will furnish the provisions necessary for the Army the many persons 
heretofore employed in the purchasing Commissaries department for 
that purpose may be dismiss'd 

I have the honour to be with the highest respect your Exc''* most 
ob* Serv' 



[W. Smith, Baltimore, to the Honble. Daniel Carroll] December 

Sir Your favor of the 12"' Ins' I this moment received therefore Red Book 
could not give you an answer on Tuesday as requested. But will No. 22 
with pleasure give you every information in my power on the Sub- No. 70 
ject of your Letter. 

From the latest accounts I have rec'^ from Cape Francais, (which 
I believe is the best market for flour in the West Indies) flour sold 
there at four half Jos "p barrell. The barrells for that market are 
generaly calculated for one hundred & three quarters each. What 
the price is at Martinicos I cant exactly say but suppose it may be 
nearly the same as at the Capes, or perhaps something under Flour 
at S' Eustatia is much lower, our vessells at that place purchase that 
article to carry to the cape which afiford a good profit. Insurance 
from hence to the West Indies at 33^ to 40 -p Cent according to 
the force & sailing of the vessell insured. The last vessell done at 
this office was at 62^. From sixty to Sixty five. I believe any good 
vessell may be done to at & from. The Philadelphia provisions I am 
informed have been generally higher since the commencement of the 
present war, than at this place 

The freights I have paid for acco' of his most christian Majesty, 
have been from forty to fifty Livres p bP to the W. Indies. What pro- 
portion of the Cargo might be taken in Lieu thereof I cant say but I 
presume freight will rise as every thing else does. The expence of fit- 
ing out, victualing & maning vessells, are at this time beyond concep- 
tion. I have a small Brig now in port, which I have ofTerd to M'' 
Holker, and expect his answer by next post. Should he not take her 
and you want such a one immediately you may have her on such terms 
as can be afforded. I also dayly expect a Boat from Cape Francois 
which carries 60 hh'^^ or about 400 b'^^ Should she arrive safe. I will 
take a freight for her if the terms offerd are adequate to the Risque 

25 



386 Journal and Correspondence. 

Red Book & expence. The common freight from the W. Indies is 20 to 25 p 
^•^^ Cent on Wet goods And Ten to i2| on dry goods 

It will always give me pleasure to render you every assistance 
& information in my power. 

P. S. As I dont know to whom to apply you'll oblige me by direct- 
ing an acco' of Shot del*^ Capt. Harrison for the Defence, to be sent 
me by the first opp^ 

Since writing the above I have seen a Capt. Taylor from the Cape 
which left the latter end of October & says flour at times was down 
two & a half Jo^ owing to several Ships having arrived from old 
france 

December [Geo P. Keeports, Baltimore to His Excelly Thomas Sim Lee Esqr. 
RedBoo'^ pr. Thos. Morfit] 

N0.20 yi^ij It Please your Excell^ Inclosed you have an Inventory of 
No. 191 Cloths Col° Jn° Dorsey & W™ Hammond have, the Quality is Good 
and they Come Cheap as Goods Now Sell. There is Two men from 
Philad^ About Purchasing them they will Take them at the Prices 
Sett on them If they are not Purchased for the State Col° Dorsey 
and Hammond Express a Desire this State shou'd have them in 
Preference to any Person and have Engaged not to Part with them 
untill I Hear from Your ExcelF About them which they Expect 
will not be Longer then to morrow Evening or Early the day Fol- 
lowing 

I Received your Letter of the ii**^ Ins* Yesterday Desiring me to 
Look at some Cloths M"" Chase Infor*^ you of which are the Cloths 
Above mentioned 

I Wrote you the 12* by Serg' Neary and Inclosed you Some 
Samples of Cloths Col° Dorsey has a Small Invoice of About 400 
yds but not Receiving an Answer In Time and Thinking them a 
Bargain have Bo* them on Condition your Excellency Approves 
of the Purchase. There is not any Blanketts to be had Excepting 
those at £112 :io I mentioned in my Former Letter Linnen of the 
Quallity Suitable for Shirts is Very Scarce not any to be had at 
Present not any Word from M"" Faw as yet. Your Excell^ will 
Please to Favour me with an Answer and Instructions how to Pro- 
ceed in Regard to the Purchases above mentioned by the Barer 
hereof (Thomas Morfit) whom I have Hired on Purpose to Wait on 

^ , your Excellency with this Letter 
December -^ 

16 I am your Excell^^ m° obed* Hb'^ Serv* 

Brown 
Book I 

^''see [George Washington Headquarters, Morristown, to Gov. Lee] 

^^^No' 22 ^''' '^^^ situation of the army with respect to supplies is beyond 
p. 48 description alarming. It has been five or six weeks past on half 



Letters to the Council. 387 

allowance, and we have not more than three days bread at a third jj'"'^*" 
allowance on hand, nor any where within reach. When this is j^v^ 25 
exhausted we must depend on the precarious j^leaning^s of the neigh- 
bouring country. Our magazines are absolutely empty every where, 
and our commissaries entirely destitute of money or credit to replen- 
ish them. We have never experienced a like extremity at any period 
of the war. We have often felt temporary want from accidental 
delays in forwarding supplies, but we always had something in our 
magazines and the means of procuring more. Neither one nor the 
other is at present the case. This representation is the result of a 
minute examination of our resources. Unless some extraordinary 
and immediate exertions are made by the States, from which we 
draw our supplies, there is every appearance that the army will infal- 
libly disband in a fortnight. I think it my duty to lay this candid 
view of our situation before your Excellency, and to intreat the 
vigorous interposition of the state to rescue us from the danger of an 
event which if it did not prove the total ruin of our affairs, would 
a least give them a shock from which they would not easily recover, 
and plunge us into a train of new and still more perplexing embar- 
rassments than any we have hitherto felt. 

I have the honor to be with the most perfect regard Your Excel- 
lency's Most ob* Serv* Go. Washington 

[William Jacob, Baltimore to Gov. Lee.] December 

16 
[Asks for a captamcy.] Red Book 

No. 22 

Letter 
[H. HoUingsworth Head of Elk to the Honble Governor & Council] >Jo. 6 

December 

And please your Excellency & Honors, Yesterday I rece*^ a letter 21 
from the Board of War and another this day relative to the pro- L^^er c C 
viding transports for the Troops bound to the southward, inclosed No. 22 
are Copys of their letters to which I refer to your Honour as the ^'^ 
frost has put it out of my Power to comply with their request, as 
all the Vessels I have collected, and all that I could collect are now 
froze up in the head of the Bay, fifteen of which I had embark'd 
Gen' Hogans Brigade & Baggage on board of, and now landing them 
again on the ice a little above Turkey Point, in order for their going 
by land, have Provided Wagons &^^ (at the Generals request who 
is indefatiagable to get forward). 

You will observe by the contents of those letters that it is the 
opinion of the Honorable Board that the Virginia Troops shall go 
by water, and that Vessels be provided for that purpose that a post 
be provided that will not freese I sincerely wish I could comply with 
their request (but tis dificult) I would therefore advise that the 
Vessels be prepared at Annapolis no Port to the North of that \\\\\ 
do, and those of the Eastern shore in particular are improper as the 



388 Journal and Correspondence. 

Red Book Troops & Baggage when embarked must be expected to sail with 
No. 22 Western Wind which will detain them in any of the Eastern Shore 
Creeks, inlets, or Ports untill another Frost may happen, when from 
the City of Annapolis they may go off with a fair wind (the first of 
a N. Wester) and be out of danger before a frost can Check them, 
as you will observe by the inclos'd letters that the Board expects my 
answer, acquainting them of the probability of success and my 
opinion of the Possibility of getting Craft. He thank you to wright 
me on the Subject, and also to give your opinion of what place the 
Troops had best imbark at and when, and what Vessels can be had 
to carry them 

December [Richard Peters, By order. War office to Col Hollingsworth] 
17 

Sir On conversing with General Woodford we find that the Vir- 
ginia Troops must inevitably go down the Bay by Water no Wag- 
gons being within our power to convey their Baggage. It seems 
most probable that the passage immediately by water from Elk 
will be Obstructed by the Ice, Therefore the Vessells must be col- 
lected at some place the least likely to be frozen up & on the Eastern 
side of Susquehanna Kent Island or Charles Town, to us have been 
mentioned but you will judge for Yourself being most intimately 
acquainted with Circumstances, Waggons must be in readiness to 
convey the Baggage to the place of Embarkation from Elk or indeed 
from Xteen for if the water Passage be practicable the Troops will 
take advantage of it, if not the Waggons conveying their Baggage 
by Land from hence can carry it to the Vessells. We wait with 
Impatience to hear what your success has been in Collecting Vessells. 

December [Tim. Pickering War Office to Colo Hollingsworth] 

Sir We have rec*^ your letter of the 16*^ Ins* by Jiles. For answer 
relative to Craft to be provided for transporting the Virginia troops 
we refer you to our letter of yesterday sent off this day by Express, 
copy of which is inclosed, notwithstanding the difficulties attending 
their passage by water, we are convinced a land march would be 
still more embarrassing, and therefore urgenty repeat our request 
that you would spare no pains to procure the necessary number of 
transports, and collect them at some rendevous on the eastern shore 
(the most convenient you can find) that will assuredly remain open 
notwithstanding the Frosts 

December [Henry Lee Junr Maj. Com. Md. Monmouth, to the Honr The 
Red Book Delegates in Congress from the State of Maryland 

j^°ter Gentlemen. I beg leave to refer to you the enclosed paragraph 
No. 29 of a let. from Gen. Smallwood in answer to my application in behalf 
of the Maryland Officers in my corps. 



Letters to the Council. 389 

I cannot but consider the restriction as very injurious, especially Red Book 
when a late resolution of Congress declares the additional battalions ^'■>- 5 
to be on the same footinj^ as the troops from the State or States, to 
which they may respectively belong. 

I flatter myself, that it will be in your power gentlemen to author- 
ize Captain M'^Lane to draw the full allowance to the Maryland 
gentlemen, & I assure you, that no relief can ever come more 
seasonably 

rW. Smith Baltimore to the Honble Daniel Carroll Esqr] December 

Sir Having seen an Advertisement by his Ex'^y the gov*" & Coun- Ked Book 
oil respecting vessells wanted, on freight, I take the liljerty of inform- L^uer 
ing you, that I have now in port two good Vessells, one a Brig^ No. 68 
mounts Ten guns Six & four pounders, will carry about 80 hh"*' or 
500 b'''" the other a remarkable fine schooner boat one of the best 
sailers in this Bay, she carries 2 guns Swivels &c^ I will take a freight 
for either or both those vessells to Hispaniola (which I presume is 
the best market in the W Indies for provisions) at the rate of 50 
Livres p bbl for flour, clear of all dutys & port charges. I informed 
you in my last, that I had of¥erd those Vessells to M"' Holker, I have 
not yet rec*^ his answer, but expect to hear from him by return of the 
post on friday. I have however some reason to expect M"" Holker 
does not want to freight any vessells immediately. Any return 
freights the State may want shall be brought on the Customary 
Terms I presume you will have found some general plan or find on 
terms to propose. I will therefore thank you for a line by way of 
information, should the state prefer giving a share of the Cargo 
in Lieu of freight it will be equally agreeable to me & I dont doubt 
generally so. 

[Philip Key & Uriah Forrest to Gov. Lee] December 

Sir The Schooner Union, Our Property, will carry about four 
hundred and fifty Barrels fflour She is now ready to take in her 
Load, and will Sail with the first Vessells that goes from Baltimore 
is a new Vessel & Promises to be a Prime Sailer We expect half the 
Proceeds in the West indies and will take in, freight free your 
Goods, Provided they are not of so Bulky a kind, as to more than 
half fill the schooner, & thereby Prevent our Importing an equal 
quantity. If your Excellency shou'd Accept this offer Please signify 
it as soon as Convenient, as the Tobacco with which we mean to 
Load in case you should not take her is an expence to us until on 
Board 

[John Randall Camp Near Morris Town to His Excellency December 
Thomas Sim Lee] ^ 

Sir I wrote you a letter the third Ins* which I hope you receiv'd. 
I've issued all the Cloathing I brought up. am getting Overalls made 



390 Journal and Correspondence. 

December of the Cloth, but we are much retarded and find the work more 
^^ tedious than expected for want of proper Implements which I've 
sent for to Philadelphia, when they arrive and the disagreable work 
of Cutting over expect to go on much faster. I find our calculations 
at Annapolis erronious Instead of two yards of f Cloth I find it takes 
two and a half for a Middle Siz'd pair of Overalls, and more for 
large, those made at Annapolis were too short in general. I hope 
we shall profit by experience for the future and have our winter 
Cloathing provided in Summer. 

The sufferings of our Troops, for many species of Cloathing is 
very distressing, especially Blankets Shoes Stockings or Socks, to 
wear with Overalls. Our dependence on the Continent is very un- 
certain even for coats and waistcoats. I've not yet been able to get 
proper returns of the deficiency as soon as I can I will transmit 
them and every other matter. I may think worthy your Excellency's 
attention. 

December [Tim Pickering War Office to His Excellency, Thomas Sim Lee] 

27 
Red Book Sir L' Col° Adams has shewn us a letter from General Small- 
Letter wood inclosing the certificate of promotions herewith transmitted. 
No. 5 A letter from Gen' Washington of the 6'*^ inst. agrees with that cer- 
tificate as to the dates of Col° Stone's and Col° Richardson's resig- 
nations. Your ratification of the promotions of Col° Adams & L* 
Col° Woolford will enable us to issue their commissions. The other 
promotions certified by Gen' Smallwood are in suspense ; and perhaps 
from the expected exchange of regiments it may be best to postpone 
the issuing Lt. Col° Woolford's commission 

We have the honour to be with the greatest respect your very 
obed* Servants By order of the board 

Brown [Henry Knox Morristown to George Washington] 

Letter I have the honor to return the letter from Governor Johnson 
No. 26 of the State of Maryland to your Excellency of the 2f^ October 

27 last. 
;xtract The proposal of making the companies of Artillery from that State 
one Corps would be complied with, totally derange the system of 
promotion in the line of Artillery, and introduce every bad conse- 
quence that can follow the superseding a great number of the Cap- 
tains of Artillery who are senior to Capt. Brown, the oldest Capt. 
from the State of Maryland. And were the precedent fixed in this 
instance, each state who have two or three companies of Artillery, 
would for the gratification of its ofificers, use its influence to have 
separate Corps under the command of the senior officer of the State, 
at the expence of the destruction of the system of the Continental 
Artillery. Captains Brown's and Dorsey's companies from Maryland, 



Extract 



Letters to the Council. 391 

which joined the Army at Valley Forge, have been attached & an- Brown ^ 
nexed to Col° Harrison's liattaHon of ten companies from the State ^^^ ^°- 
of Virginia which completes that battalion according to the estab- 
lishment of twelve companies. The principle of promotion in the 
Artillery is to rise to Captains regimentally, and to Field Officers 
in the line of the Corps. No promotion has yet taken place so as to 
intermix the Officers of the above two companies from Maryland 
with those from Virginia. The companies from Virginia will soon 
be so weak as not to have more than sixty or seventy inlisted for 
the war in the ten companies, whereas those three companies from 
Maryland, viz. Brown's Dorsey's and late Gales (a company which 
joined about three months ago, and whose Captain has died since 
that period) amount to about two hundred non-commissioned ofificers 
& Privates, most of whom are for the war. 

From this State of facts perhaps it may appear, that as the ten 
Virginia Companies are so weak it will be necessary to reduce them 
to eight and to make four companies of the three from Maryland to 
compose Col° Harrison's Battalion, which will make a promotion 
to Captaincies of Capt, Lieut^ Smith and Finley, the ofificers men- 
tioned in the Governor's letter; and will be complying with his 
request and wish, so far as to provide for those two ofificers, and 
the making four companies from the State of Maryland ; and will 
entirely prevent the confusion which would attend making a young 
Captain a Major. 

The inconvenience that would result from this arrangement would 
be, that some of the Captain Lieut* of the Virginia companies, who 
are senior to Capt. Lieut. Smith & Finley, would probably think 
themselves injured by the promotion of those Gentlemen to com- 
panies. Perhaps this is an evil which cannot be avoided, consider- 
ing the political reasons which urge the measure. 

If your Excellency should approve of this arrangement, which 
is agreeable to Gen' Smallwoods sentiments, it would perhaps be 
necessary for a Resolve of Congress to incorporate the companies 
of the State of Maryland into Col Harrison's Battalion. 

[Jas Calhoun, Baltimore, to His Excellency Gov Lee] December 

Sir I yesterday received Your Excellencies Letter of the 23"^ Ins* See 
respecting the forwarding Cloathing to the Army. Capt Keeport Liber C C 
informs me there will be about six Waggon Load and that there is no p. 48" 
Troops here of the Maryland Line to Escort them except Serg* 
Neary — the Capt" intends waiting on you at Annapolis in a day or 
two & believe might be persuaded to take charge of the Cloathing 
to Camp if he can be spared from here. 

The Purchasing Commissary has this day apply'd to me for 
Waggons to Transport 370 Barrels of Flour from this place and the 
Flour of 10500 Bushels of Wheat from Harford County to Camp. 



392 Journal and Correspondence. 

December this requisition it will be utterly imposible for me to comply with 

^^ unless Teams impressed for the purpose as they are not to be had 

on hire in my District at any rate, and I have but three Public Teams 

here which is barely sufficient to Haul Hay and Firewood to this 

Post. 

I must therefore be under the necessity of applying to Your Excel- 
lency and the Council to give such orders for the Impressing of 
Teams (as well for the Purpose of transporting Flour to the Army 
as the Cloathing above mentioned) as to Your Hon^'^ Board may 
seem meet 

December [Moses Rawlings, Fort Frederick, to Gov. Lee] 

Sir I have the honour to acquaint your Excellency that M*" Reed 
has just return'd from Phila. by whom the Board of war informs 
me that the prisoners will be up in a few days, and as I have heard 
Nothing from your Excel^ respecting the Guard, I begin to grow 
very uneasy for fear they should arrive before I am Provided with 
a guard to receive them 

I have sent M"" Jacobs To the Treasury of our State for seventy 
five thousand dollars By a request of Coll° Blaine, Commissary 
General, who informs me he has a Draft on the Treasury for that 
sum. If the whole money Cannot be had at Annapolis I hope your 
Excellency will be pleased to Give me an order on the high Sheriff 
of Washington County for what Public money he Can Spare, for 
I am in great Distress for Cash in order to make good some Con- 
tracts 

Your Excellency will please To inform me Respecting the Guard. 

December [Invoice of 6 Bales Woolens purchased by W™ Young in the 
R d B ok St^te of Virginia and Consigned M'' Daniel Bowly for Sale p Sloop 
No. 25 Polly.] 

M 

N° I @ 5-5 Bales Blue and Green half] 

thicks 300 y"^^ each @ 7" I Pieces s d 
J .. I. J 11312 4..0 

dutch p yard J "^ 

I Bale green double Cloth 195..0..0 

Commission 5 p C* 75.. i.. 3 

Advance 4600 p Cent 

Virg^ Cur. 
25 p C to reduce it into Maryland Cur. 

To Sloop Polly for freight 



474.. 16.. li 

21841.. I.. 9 


22315.. 17.. lOj 
5578.. 19- 5 


27894.. 1 7" 34 
166..13.. 4 


£28061.. 10.. 7I 



Letters to the Council. 393 

Baltimore 29"^ Decern 1779 I hereby Certify that the above is a Red Book 
fair and true Copy of M'' Young's Invoice of Goods bought by him ^^ 
of Well's Cooper & Co. at Nansemond in Virginia. 

Dan. Bowly 

[Geo. Plater and James Forbes, Philadelphia, to Gov. Lee] December 
Sir We received the inclosed from Major Lee the other Day. I Ked Book 
beg Leave to forward it for the Consideration of your Excellency Letter 
& the Council, being well assured that you will do all in your Power No. 28 
to relieve the Necessities of those valuable Men who are in Maj. 
Lee's Corps. We have applied to the Board of War, I find nothing 
can be done here. On the 23*^ inst. an Embarkation took Place at 
New York, & from the Number of Vessels one hundred sixty three, 
we apprehend it to be very considerable, their Destination not 
certainly known, but from Circumstances we fear they are intended, 
in Part or the whole, to reinforce their Troops in the Southern 
Quarter, 

[Wm Hanna, Annapolis, to Council] December 

[Offers to build a " brig proper for a letter of mark " with mate- 
rials from the Eastern Shore] 

[H. Hollingsworth Head of Elk, to His Excellency the Governor and December 
the Honourable Council] ^° 

Gentlemen I yesterday rec** an Order on the Treasury of this State 
for four hundred Thousand dollars, one hundred & fifty thousand of 
which in favor of James Calhoon Esq"" D. Q. M. G' Baltimore, the 
other Two hundred and fifty thousand to my use at this post, where 
I am in the greatest want of it, my reasons for trouble your Excel- 
lency and Honnours on this Occasion is that this day I saw M*" John 
Strawbridge late Sheriff & Collector for this Co*^ who Informed 
me that he had about one hundred thousand Pounds Collected which 
he should be glad to pay to me providing I had an Order on him. 
I submit it whether an order to me, on M'' Strawbridge from your 
Treasury for my part of the order and my Rec* would not answer 
every end as fully as if M'' Strawbridge should go down with the 
money, and save much time and some Expence, Tho^ Jiles my Ex- 
press waits on M"" Harwood with the order who is a safe hand for 
either the money or Order, and waits your direction on the matter 

[H. Hollingsworth D. O. M. G. to His Excellency the Governor and December 
the Honourable Council] ^° 

And please your Excellency and Honours. As I find a second 
attact made on my Character to the Northward, while I have been 
engaged in Assisting General Hogans Brigade of Carolina Troops to 



394 Journal and Correspondence. 

December the Southward and makeing Preperation for the Virginia Division, 
3" not doubting but the same cause which actuated my Enemy's to this 
act in Philadelphia though disapointed may have induced their 
Attact elsewhere, therefore least that should be the case I have taken 
the Liberty to Inclose three Letters which passed between Major 
General Green and myself on a Similar Occasion, I say Similar 
because it was by the same persons and actuated by the same cause 
(Disapointment) in which Letters your Honours will Observe after 
the Strictest Scrutiny the General rather thanks and applauds my 
Conduct than Censures it, since which I have had the Honour to 
pass my Accounts with Col° Charles Pettit A. Q. M. G. to the first 
of August, without the least Objection, as will appear by the In- 
closed Certificate, and am now makeing them out to this date, not 
doubting in the least of giveing the same Satisfaction, as I am 
Premiture in this defence, not knowing (for certain) that there 
has been any Charge laid with you, only judging from what has 
been done in other places, I take the Liberty of this Oppertunity to 
Solicit that should any such Accusations have been laid (or may 
hereafter) that I may have an open and Candid Hearing before any 
Judgment is given, or measures taken to my Prejudice this common 
Justice Imboldens me to Solicit and Expect from your Excellency 
and Honours 

P. S. I beg leave to Solicit the return of the Inclosed Letters p 
Bearer 

1780 [Robert Buchanan to Gov Lee] 

January 

Sir The inclosed Letter which I have this Moment received from 
the Deputy Comm^ Gen' I have shewn to the Commissioners under 
the late Act of Assembly in Order to induce them to stop the sending 
forward Flour. They do not think themselves at liberty to take any 
Notice of it without your Excellencys orders and have requested 
me to transmit it to you for your Consideration. During the 
absence of the Bearer I shall think it my duty to refuse delivering 
any more Flour out of my Magazine and shall therefore anxiously 
wait your Excellencys Answer. 

N B. Your Excellency will please return me the inclosed by the 
Bearer. 



January i [John McClellan, Richd Lemmon and I. Griest, Baltimore to 
^^edBook Gov. Lee] 

No. 23 -" 

N ^6^ Sir We are sorry to be under the necessity of giving your ExcelF 
and their Hon" such repeated trouble, but as we wish to conduct 
ourselves in the most unexceptionable manner, especially as we 
have many Enemies, we hope you will excuse us. We have seized 
a quantity of Indian Corn in the hands of M*" Will™ Spear, perhaps 



Letters to the Council. 395 

three or four hund'^ Bushels, M*^ Spear alledges he purchased it for Red Book 
M'^ Weston and would have us to consider it as M*" Weston's, the ^°- ^^ 
it has not been delivered, but intended to be delivered in considera- 
tion of a former contract between them, as it is alledjjed by M"" 
Spear that it was imported from Virginia, we are somewhat dou1;t- 
ful in what manner to proceed, especially as the Laws of the last 
Session of Assembly have not yet come up. 

We would further beg your patience in informing us [whether] all 
wheat and other grain which we have found, or may find in ware- 
houses is subject to seizure, or whether it is to be taken in the 
proportions mentioned in the Law for supplying the Army. We are 
at a loss to Judge whether grain found as above will fall under 
the Ingrossing Law, and consequently subject the whole to seizure 
or not. We hope in a few days to furnish y"" Excel^ and their Hon" 
with a particular Account of seisures and disbursements by us. In 
the mean time must request your order for £3000 more in order to 
enable us to proceed effectually the contents of your first order being 
nearly expended. 

[Henry Shryock, Hagerstown to Gov Lee] January 2 

Red Book 

Sir Agreable to your Excelencys Request I have sent By Doc*" No. 27 
Henry Shnebely the three Horses Purchased By Me and Viewed ^^ jj 
By Coll Rawlings and have Inclosed his Certificate I have Not yet 
Rec*^ a Suficient Sum of Mony on the order your Excelency sent Me 
on the Collector to Descharge My ac* But Expected In a few Days 
When I shall Make out My ac' and Transmit the same to your 
Excelency 

[C'd T. Wederstrandt, Wye River, Queen Ann's C'^ to Gov. Lee] January 2 

2^ January 1 780 
Sir I have the honour to transmit to your Excellency an Ace' 
herein inclosed of 5233** of beef purchased for this State and sent to 
Annapolis p the State boat Plater, James Stewart master the 16'^ 
Ult° The hard weather Setting prevented any more to be done that 
way, particularly as I could not procure John Beale Bordley Esq""'^ 
Cattle, which I am rightly informed he has sold nearly for as much 
more money as I was limited p*" your order. 

My general purchases have been much hurt for the want of cash, 
having been penyless this month pass ; The Express I expected from 
Philadelphia with a Supply not coming, I sent there IM"' Robert 
Walters but he returned without any Col. Blaine being at head 
Quarters; He brought me an Account that a warrant was granted 
by Congress on Thom^ Harwood Esq'' Treasurer, who has order 
to pay me Three hundred & fifty thousand dollars : but that sum is 
insufificient to one indebted for the States upwards of £200000. 



396 Journal and Correspondence. 

January 2 before the pork purchase begun ; It is true I have but a poor prospect 
to effectuate it for for the want of cash : yet on pubHc faith I get 
some at £75.. — .. — & so being determined not to exceed that price 
unless I am ordered : tho' private purchasers have given in my neigh- 
bourhood £80.. — .. — & the rise of the market; £85.. — .. — & £100, 
Certain, and that I am informed M'' Page in Kent County purchasing 
for the States under Col Patrick Ewing gives £100.. — .. — p hun- 
dred vv^eight for it but I can't take on me to follow those Examples 
who are too ruinous to the public Credit, and I believe all pork 
might have been purchased at £75.. — .. — *p hundred weight and the 
Sellers satisfyed 

Should I be able to Cross the baye from Kent Island I shall wait 
on your Excellency Tuesday next; but should the weather prevent 
it, I shall be much obliged to you to send me -p the return of the 
bearer M"" Grason, the Commodore's nephew, an order on the Treas- 
urer of the State on the Eastern shore, by which my present distress 
may be alleviated, and I may be able to go on with the large purchases 
expected from me; for without timely assistance I am ruined, The 
Army must Suffer or the necessaries hereafter procured at a con- 
siderable advance. 

Your flour was not ready to send p the Plater since Ten days it 
is in Store at Emerson's landing on this river and I shall forward 
it to Annapolis p first opportunity after the navigation at that place 
is free from Ice, as the waggoning of it to the mouth of the river 
would cost upwards of Sixty pounds, about £6.. — .. — -p bar' 

Superfine flour p O £60.. — .. — Common ditto p O 52.. — ..10 — 

January 3 [W. Smith, Baltimore, to Gov. Lee " in Councill "] 

Sir I am directed by the Agent general for the Marine of France 
to load flour for the fleet & army of his most Christian Majesty in 
the West Indies, on Board the Brig. Hawke, commanded by Capt. 
Taylor. 

The Hawke mounts ten carriage guns and will carry about thirty 
men. I must therefore request your Excellency will send p the bearer 
hereof of a permission to take this Cargo on Board. 

This State has an ace* against me for shot furnish'd Capt. Harri- 
son of the Defence. If convenient I wish to have by return of the 
bearer to enable me to close the Acco*^ of that unfortunate adventure. 

P. S. You'll oblige me much by despatching the bearer as soon 
as may be, as he goes express on this business 

January 3 [W. Smith, Baltimore, to Gov. Lee] 

Sir Since I closed my letter of this date I have seen an Extract 
from an Ace' of Assembly, for supplying the Army with flour &c* 
by which Comm" are empowered to seize in the hands of all persons 



Letters to the Council. 2)(j7 

without exception such flour as may be found. And as I have a January 3 

quantity of wheat & flour jjurchased for tlie Marine of France, I 

would be obhgd to your Excell^ & the Council for information on 

this head, as I have understood the commiss" are of oppinion this 

flour comes within the Law, and I would Just beg leave to observe 

that several Vessells are chartered to Carry the provisions in my 

possession to the fleet. And some transports are dayly lookd for 

from the West Indies for the same purpose. I have taken the liberty 

to mention this matter, as I observe the com" are under the direction 

of the Gov"" & Council 

[J. Gunby Camp near Morris Town to Col Forrest] January 3 

D'' Forrest From our present Arrangement of Field Officers I 
have the Honour to claim you as Lieu' Colonel to the 7''' Regiment 
and shall have you muster'd accordingly, the bearer of this Serjeant 
Enoch M'^Lane, I beg leave to Recommend as an honest fine Lad, 
and send him to you for the purpose of a Recruiting Serjeant, to 
be continued as long as you may think proper, or while recall'd and 
to receive your orders & directions for the Execution of that busi- 
ness, Cap' Beatty is ordered to Frederick Town with a Drum & fife, 
and Cap' Lieu' Beall to George Town, as Recruiting officers; Ser- 
jeants David Green Robert Green and Robert Yates, of the seventh 
Regiment, are Recommended for Commissions in said Regiment ; 
and will Apply to you for your Instructions, and Assistance, in the 
Recruiting Business, Please have Money drawn for that purpose, 
& give them your orders, Your Interest I am well convinced will 
tend much to the Promotion of the Regiment ; if Cloathing is to be 
had in the State, be as Early as you can in drawing for the Recruits, 
of the Regiment, if Captain Beatty & Beall could have Clothing 
drawn for them, and in readiness, that as soon as a man Enlists, 
Scour him up, shave his face, put a new Suit of Cloaths on him, 
powder his head, and make a Gentleman of them, as soon as they 
become Soldiers, it would be a great Inducement for their Inlisting 
& I am Confident there would not be half so many Desertions, with 
Recruits in the State, that heretofore have been, I have the Pleasure 
to Inform you that Excepting the 3*^ the y^ is the Strongest Regi- 
ment in the Maryland Line & flatter myself that with your Assis- 
tance it will soon be the Strongest & best in the Line, as we have 
few good Serjeants now left in the Regiment, would be glad of vour 
endeavours to have some Enlisted, which are qualified to fill the 
places of those who are promoted ; the news of Camp Refer you to 
Gen' Smallwood, & Capt. Jones & believe me Dear Forrest to be 
with every Sentiment of Respect and Esteem. Your sincere Friend 
& most Obed' H'''^ Serv' 



398 Journal and Correspondence. 

January 3 [Sam Smith Bait to His Excellency Thomas Sim Lee Esqr] 

Sir I Had the Honor to receive your Excell^^ favor of the 24*^ 
Ult. & Note its Contents. The Terms I propos'd were first one Half 
for carrying the other, this I will give myself in Tobacco, the other 
are the same as given by the French & few Vessells have heretofore 
offer'd even at that, The low price of Tobacco in the West Indies at 
this Time is the Reason why Vessells are now to be had with less 
difficulty. I do not understand how, I, who am only the Carryer can 
be at Liberty when Connected with the Public to ship flour, (the 
article, I presume, which Bears the Best Price), if you permit me to 
be a Shipper it would make a difference in my Demands altho that 
article has certainly fallen very much on all the Islands. In S' 
Eustatius it sold by last acco' for 8 DolP "p B^'^ in Cape Francois 
(the very Best Markett) at 9d @ 120 Livres -p B' equal to £4.. 10.. 5 
this Curr^ The Severe weather has prevented us from loading, if 
your Excell^ will inform me your Terms you propose to allow I 
will be glad to accept them, if not at too great Disadvantage, I 
shall be glad you would inform me as soon as possible I also expect 
a very fine Schooner from Virg^ every Day, which if the Terms 
fails I would put into the Public service 

I am inform'd that a Law has pass'd the House to seize on all 
flour without making any provision for public purchases, your Ex- 
cell^ recollects that I had permission to purchase for the State of 
Virg^ a part of which I Have in warehouse some in the Mills & some 
in the farmers Hands, I should be glad to know whether the Law 
can mean that this flour is to be seiz'd & the State of Virg* to take 
Certificates, for Payment, is not the faith of the State pledg'd for 
the Export, I shall be glad